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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Permanent Magnet Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 4   Applications of permanent magnet materials...material Primary reason for selection Alternative material Condition or reason favoring selection of alternative material Aircraft magnetos, military or civilian SmCo Maximum energy per unit volume Cast Alnico 5 Availability or cost restraint Alternators SmCo Compactness and reliability Ferrite...

2

Permanent Magnet Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 4 Applications of permanent magnet materials...material Primary reason for selection Alternative material Condition or reason favoring selection of alternative material Aircraft magnetos, military or civilian SmCo Maximum energy per unit volume Cast Alnico 5 Availability or cost restraint Alternators SmCo Compactness and reliability Ferrite...

3

Permanent Magnets for Energy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 13, 2012 ... Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications II: Permanent Magnets for ... to 500% in the last 12 months, the most unstable being the price of Dy.

4

Textured Polycrystalline Permanent Magnet Nanoflakes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... high electrical resistivity, which will reduce eddy current losses and improve motor efficiency. ... Combinatorial Search of Rare-Earth-Free Permanent Magnets

5

Doubly Salient Permanent Magnet Motor Development Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The research of doubly salient permanent magnet motor (DSPM), arises as the emergence of a novel type mechatronic control of AC drive system. Currently, on the international realm, the studies regarding on this kind of motor mainly focus on calculation ... Keywords: Doubly Salient, Permanent Magnet Motor, AC Variable Speed, Magnetic Materials, Switched Reluctance Motor

Lina Yi, Meng Zhao

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Magnetic Microstructures of Novel High Performance Permanent ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Nd-Fe-B Permanent Magnets Unique Exchange Bias Induced by Antiferromagnetic Cr-oxide ZnO-graphene Hybrid Quantum Dots Light Emitting Diode...

7

Hybrid-secondary uncluttered permanent magnet machine and ...  

An electric machine (40) has a stator (43), a permanent magnet rotor (38) with permanent magnets (39) and a magnetic coupling uncluttered rotor (46) for inducing a ...

8

Permanent magnet edge-field quadrupole  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Planar permanent magnet edge-field quadrupoles for use in particle accelerating machines and in insertion devices designed to generate spontaneous or coherent radiation from moving charged particles are disclosed. The invention comprises four magnetized rectangular pieces of permanent magnet material with substantially similar dimensions arranged into two planar arrays situated to generate a field with a substantially dominant quadrupole component in regions close to the device axis.

Tatchyn, Roman O. (Mountain View, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Transient Peak Currents in Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transient Peak Currents in Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors for Symmetrical Short Circuits Terms-- Permanent magnet synchronous motor, short circuit, protection measure, transient behavior I 33095 Paderborn, Germany Abstract--To enable constant-power areas with permanent magnet synchronous

Noé, Reinhold

10

Permanent magnet energy conversion machine with magnet mounting arrangement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid permanent magnet dc motor includes three sets of permanent magnets supported by the rotor and three sets of corresponding stators fastened to the surrounding frame. One set of magnets operates across a radial gap with a surrounding radial gap stator, and the other two sets of magnets operate off the respective ends of the rotor across respective axial gaps.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Adams, Donald J. (Knoxville, TN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Permanent magnet hydrogen oxygen generating cells  

SciTech Connect

A generating cell for hydrogen and oxygen utilizes permanent magnets and electromagnets. Means are provided for removing gases from the electrodes. Mixing chambers are provided for water and the electrolyte used in the cell.

Harris, M.

1976-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

12

Modeling and optimization of permanent magnetic motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis develops analytic models for the prediction and optimization of radial-flux permanent magnet motor torque and efficiency. It also facilitates the design optimization of electromagnetically-powered rotorcraft ...

Pinkham, Andrew P

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Dovetail spoke internal permanent magnet machine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An internal permanent magnet (IPM) machine is provided. The IPM machine includes a stator assembly and a stator core. The stator core also includes multiple stator teeth. The stator assembly is further configured with stator windings to generate a stator magnetic field when excited with alternating currents and extends along a longitudinal axis with an inner surface defining a cavity. The IPM machine also includes a rotor assembly and a rotor core. The rotor core is disposed inside the cavity and configured to rotate about the longitudinal axis. The rotor assembly further includes a shaft. The shaft further includes multiple protrusions alternately arranged relative to multiple bottom structures provided on the shaft. The rotor assembly also includes multiple stacks of laminations disposed on the protrusions and dovetailed circumferentially around the shaft. The rotor assembly further includes multiple pair of permanent magnets for generating a magnetic field, which magnetic field interacts with the stator magnetic field to produce a torque. The multiple pair of permanent magnets are disposed between the stacks. The rotor assembly also includes multiple middle wedges mounted between each pair of the multiple permanent magnets.

Alexander, James Pellegrino (Ballston Lake, NY); EL-Refaie, Ayman Mohamed Fawzi (Niskayuna, NY); Lokhandwalla, Murtuza (Clifton Park, NY); Shah, Manoj Ramprasad (Latham, NY); VanDam, Jeremy Daniel (West Coxsackie, NY)

2011-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

14

Batch fabrication of precision miniature permanent magnets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new class of processes for fabrication of precision miniature rare earth permanent magnets is disclosed. Such magnets typically have sizes in the range 0.1 to 10 millimeters, and dimensional tolerances as small as one micron. Very large magnetic fields can be produced by such magnets, lending to their potential application in MEMS and related electromechanical applications, and in miniature millimeter-wave vacuum tubes. This abstract contains simplifications, and is supplied only for purposes of searching, not to limit or alter the scope or meaning of any claims herein.

Christenson, Todd R. (Albuquerque, NM); Garino, Terry J. (Albuquerque, NM); Venturini, Eugene L. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Permanent-magnet-less synchronous reluctance system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A permanent magnet-less synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic revolving field when sourced by an alternating current. An uncluttered rotor is disposed within the magnetic revolving field and spaced apart from the stator to form an air gap relative to an axis of rotation. The rotor includes a plurality of rotor pole stacks having an inner periphery biased by single polarity of a north-pole field and a south-pole field, respectively. The outer periphery of each of the rotor pole stacks are biased by an alternating polarity.

Hsu, John S

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

16

Nanocomposite Magnets: Transformational Nanostructured Permanent Magnets  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: GE is using nanomaterials technology to develop advanced magnets that contain fewer rare earth materials than their predecessors. Nanomaterials technology involves manipulating matter at the atomic or molecular scale, which can represent a stumbling block for magnets because it is difficult to create a finely grained magnet at that scale. GE is developing bulk magnets with finely tuned structures using iron-based mixtures that contain 80% less rare earth materials than traditional magnets, which will reduce their overall cost. These magnets will enable further commercialization of HEVs, EVs, and wind turbine generators while enhancing U.S. competitiveness in industries that heavily utilize these alternatives to rare earth minerals.

None

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Performance improvement of permanent magnet ac motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-phase motors have several advantages over the traditional three-phase motors. In this study, the additional degrees of freedom available in five-phase permanent magnet motors have been used for three purposes: 1) enhancing the torque producing capability of the motor, 2) improving the reliability of the system, and 3) better adjusting of the torque and flux linkages of the five-phase direct torque controlled system. 1) Due to the fact that space and time harmonics of the same orders will contribute positively to output torque, a five-phase permanent magnet motor with quasi-rectangular back-EMF waveform is supplied with combined fundamental and third harmonic of currents. For modeling and analysis of the motor a 0 3 3 1 1 q d q d frame of reference is defined where 1 1q d rotates at the synchronous speed and 3 3q d rotates at the three times synchronous speed. Based on the mathematical model in the 0 3 3 1 1 q d q d frame of reference, it is shown that this system while having a higher torque density with respect to a conventional permanent magnet synchronous machine, is also compatible with vector control algorithm. 2) A resilient current control of the five-phase permanent motor with both sinusoidal and trapezoidal back-EMF waveforms under asymmetrical fault condition is proposed. In this scheme, the stator MMF is kept unchanged during healthy and faulty condition. Therefore, the five-phase permanent magnet motor operates continuously and steadily without additional hardware and just by modifying the control algorithm in case of loss of up to two phases. The feature is of major importance in some specific applications where high reliability is required. 3) High torque and flux ripple are the major drawbacks of a three-phase direct torque controlled system. The number of space voltage vectors directly influences the performance of DTC system. A five-phase drive, while benefiting from other advantages of high order phase drives, has inherently 32 space voltage vectors which permits better flexibility in selecting the switching states and finer adjustment of flux and torque. A sensorless direct torque control of five-phase permanent magnet motor is implemented. Speed information is obtained based on the position of stator flux linkages and load angle. Experiments have been conducted on a 5kW five-phase surface mount permanent magnet motor and a 3kW five-phase interior permanent magnet motor by using TMS320C32 DSP. The results obtained are consistent with theoretical studies and simulation analysis, which further demonstrate the feasibility and practical significance of the five-phase permanent magnet motor drives.

Parsa, Leila

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Effect of Side Permanent Magnets for Reluctance Interior Permanent Magnet Reluctance Machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A traditional electric machine uses two dimensional magnetic flux paths in its rotor. This paper presents the development work on the utilization of the third dimension of a rotor. As an example, the air gap flux of a radial gap interior permanent magnet motor can be significantly enhanced by additional permanent magnets (PM) mounted at the sides of the rotor. A prototype motor built with this concept provided higher efficiency and required a shorter stator core length for the same power output as the Toyota/Prius traction drive motor.

Hsu, John S [ORNL; Lee, Seong T [ORNL; Wiles, Randy H [ORNL; Coomer, Chester [ORNL; Lowe, Kirk T [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd Place Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province, China Sector Wind energy Product A China-based mining company for rare earth metals used in wind power generators. References Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd is a company located in Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province, China . References ↑ "Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Jiangxi_Jinli_Permanent_Magnet_Technology_Co_Ltd&oldid=347439

20

Counterrotating brushless dc permanent magnet motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An brushless DC permanent magnet motor is provided for driving an autonomous underwater vehicle. In one embodiment, the motor comprises four substantially flat stators disposed in stacked relationship, with pairs of the stators being axially spaced and each of the stators comprising a tape-wound stator coil; and a first and second substantially flat rotors disposed between the spaced pairs of stators. Each of the rotors includes an annular array of permanent magnets embedded therein. A first shaft is connected to the first rotor and a second, concentric shaft is connected to the second rotor, and drive unit causes rotation of the two shafts in opposite directions. The second shaft comprises a hollow tube having a central bore therein in which the first shaft is disposed. Two different sets of bearings support the first and second shAfts. In another embodiment, the motor comprises two ironless stators and pairs and rotors mounted no opposite sides of the stators and driven by counterrotating shafts.

Hawsey, R.A.; Bailey, J.M.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Counterrotating brushless dc permanent magnet motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An brushless DC permanent magnet motor is provided for driving an autonomous underwater vehicle. In one embodiment, the motor comprises four substantially flat stators disposed in stacked relationship, with pairs of the stators being axially spaced and each of the stators comprising a tape-wound stator coil; and a first and second substantially flat rotors disposed between the spaced pairs of stators. Each of the rotors includes an annular array of permanent magnets embedded therein. A first shaft is connected to the first rotor and a second, concentric shaft is connected to the second rotor, and drive unit causes rotation of the two shafts in opposite directions. The second shaft comprises a hollow tube having a central bore therein in which the first shaft is disposed. Two different sets of bearings support the first and second shAfts. In another embodiment, the motor comprises two ironless stators and pairs and rotors mounted no opposite sides of the stators and driven by counterrotating shafts.

Hawsey, R.A.; Bailey, J.M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Ironless Permanent Magnet Motors: Three-Dimensional Analytical Calculation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Ironless Permanent Magnet Motors: Three-Dimensional Analytical Calculation Romain Ravaud, Guy and the rotor of an ironless permanent magnet motor. The calculations are carried out without using any, torque, magnetic field, PM Synchronous motors ! 1 INTRODUCTION IRONLESS electrical machines are generally

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

23

Electromagnetic Analysis of Rotating Permanent Magnet Exciters for Hydroelectric Generators.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this project is to analyse different design possibilities for a rotating permanent magnet exciter for a hydroelectric generator. This is done through (more)

Nland, Jonas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Prospects for Non-Rare Earth Permanent Magnets for Traction Motors and Generators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the advent of high-flux density permanent magnets based on rare earth elements such as neodymium (Nd) in the 1980s, permanent magnet-based electric machines had a clear performance and cost advantage over induction machines when weight and size were factors such as in hybrid electric vehicles and wind turbines. However, the advantages of the permanent magnet-based electric machines may be overshadowed by supply constraints and high prices of their key constituents, rare earth elements, which have seen nearly a 10-fold increase in price in the last 5 years and the imposition of export limits by the major producing country, China, since 2010. We outline the challenges, prospects, and pitfalls for several potential alloys that could replace Nd-based permanent magnets with more abundant and less strategically important elements.

Kramer, Matthew; McCallum, Kendall; Anderson, Iver; Constantinides, Steven

2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

25

Time evolution of fields in strontium ferrite permanent magnets  

SciTech Connect

Field strengths for strontium ferrite permanent magnets built for the Fermilab Recycler and 8 GeV transfer line have been measured for the past 4 years. The ferrite magnetization exhibits a time dependence parameterized by M1/M{sub 2} = -9 x 10{sup -4} x log (t{sub 1}/t{sub 2}) as determined from measurements of a gradient magnet. This parameterization has been checked against several other styles of permanent dipoles, and quadrupole magnets with good agreement.

James T. Volk et al.

2001-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

26

Permanent magnet quadrupoles for the CLIC Drive Beam decelerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STFC in collaboration with CERN has developed a new type of adjustable permanent magnet based quadrupole for the CLIC Drive Beam Decelerator. It uses vertical movement of the permanent magnets to achieve an integrated gradient range of 3.6-14.6T, which will allow it to be used for the first 60% of the decelerator line. Construction of a prototype of this magnet has begun; following this, it will be measured magnetically at CERN and Daresbury Laboratory.

Shepherd, Ben; Collomb, Norbert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

SUPER HIGH-SPEED MINIATURIZED PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUPER HIGH-SPEED MINIATURIZED PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR by LIPING ZHENG B.S. Shanghai with the design of permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM) to operate at super-high speed with high efficiency the motor to have an efficiency reaching above 92%. This achieved efficiency indicated a significant

Wu, Shin-Tson

28

Analytical Method of Torque Calculation for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

method for performing the output torque calculations of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor circuit, inductance, permanent magnet machine, synchronous motors, torque. I. NOMENCLATURE BFE brushless field excitation IPMSM interior permanent magnet synchronous motor FEA finite element analysis mmf

Tolbert, Leon M.

29

Method and apparatus for assembling permanent magnet rotors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A permanent magnet assembly for assembly in large permanent magnet motors and generators includes a two-piece carrier that can be slid into a slot in the rotor and then secured in place using a set screw. The invention also provides an auxiliary carrier device with guide rails that line up with the teeth of the rotor, so that a permanent magnet assembly can be pushed first into a slot, and then down the slot to its proper location. An auxiliary tool is provided to move the permanent magnet assembly into position in the slot before it is secured in place. Methods of assembling and disassembling the magnet assemblies in the rotor are also disclosed. 2 figs.

Hsu, J.S.; Adams, D.J.

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

30

Design and Analysis of a Nested Halbach Permanent Magnet Magnetic Refrigerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design and Analysis of a Nested Halbach Permanent Magnet Magnetic Refrigerator by Armando Tura BEng Committee Design and Analysis of a Nested Halbach Permanent Magnet Magnetic Refrigerator by Armando Tura with the potential to create efficient and compact refrigeration devices is an active magnetic regenerative

Victoria, University of

31

Current Status of Permanent Magnet Research and Market in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2008, China supplied 77.6% of Nd-Fe-B, 55.2% of ferrite and 55.3% of AlNiCo for global permanent magnets market. Financial crisis since 2008 has spurred...

32

Replacement energy, capacity, and reliability costs for permanent nuclear reactor shutdowns  

SciTech Connect

Average replacement power costs are estimated for potential permanent shutdowns of nuclear electricity-generating units. Replacement power costs are considered to include replacement energy, capacity, and reliability cost components. These estimates were developed to assist the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission in evaluating regulatory issues that potentially affect changes in serious reactor accident frequencies. Cost estimates were derived from long-term production-cost and capacity expansion simulations of pooled utility-system operations. Factors that affect replacement power cost, such as load growth, replacement sources of generation, and capital costs for replacement capacity, were treated in the analysis. Costs are presented for a representative reactor and for selected subcategories of reactors, based on estimates for 112 individual reactors.

VanKuiken, J.C., Buehring, W.A.; Hamilton, S.; Kavicky, J.A.; Cavallo, J.D.; Veselka, T.D.; Willing, D.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Modular Permanent Magnet Machine Based on Soft Magnetic *** Burgess-Norton Mfg.Co.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of surface permanent magnet motor, and [8] small induction motors. In this paper, novel single phase2005-30 Modular Permanent Magnet Machine Based on Soft Magnetic Composite *** Burgess-Norton Mfg magnetic composite (SMC) material, electric machine design is no longer limited to the traditional iron

Lipo, Thomas

34

Metallurgical Synthesis of Extraterrestrial Permanent Magnet ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications IV ... Fe-rich FeSiBPCu Nano-crystalline Soft Magnetic Alloys Contributable To Energy-saving.

35

Permanent-magnet-less machine having an enclosed air gap  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic rotating field when sourced by an alternating current. An uncluttered rotor disposed within the magnetic rotating field is spaced apart from the stator to form an air gap relative to an axis of rotation. A stationary excitation core spaced apart from the uncluttered rotor by an axial air gap and a radial air gap substantially encloses the stationary excitation core. Some permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous systems include stator core gaps to reduce axial flux flow. Some permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous systems include an uncluttered rotor coupled to outer laminations. The quadrature-axis inductance may be increased in some synchronous systems. Some synchronous systems convert energy such as mechanical energy into electrical energy (e.g., a generator); other synchronous systems may convert any form of energy into mechanical energy (e.g., a motor).

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

36

Permanent-magnet-less machine having an enclosed air gap  

SciTech Connect

A permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic rotating field when sourced by an alternating current. An uncluttered rotor disposed within the magnetic rotating field is spaced apart from the stator to form an air gap relative to an axis of rotation. A stationary excitation core spaced apart from the uncluttered rotor by an axial air gap and a radial air gap substantially encloses the stationary excitation core. Some permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous systems include stator core gaps to reduce axial flux flow. Some permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous systems include an uncluttered rotor coupled to outer laminations. The quadrature-axis inductance may be increased in some synchronous systems. Some synchronous systems convert energy such as mechanical energy into electrical energy (e.g., a generator); other synchronous systems may convert any form of energy into mechanical energy (e.g., a motor).

Hsu, John S.

2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

37

Summary of radiation damage studies on rare earth permanent magnets  

SciTech Connect

With the proposed use of permanent magnets for both the NLC and the VLHC the issue flux loss due to radiation damage needs to be fully understood. There exist many papers on the subject. There are many difficulties in drawing conclusions from all of these data. First there is the difference methods of dosimetry, second different types of magnets and magnetic arrangements, and third different manufacturers of magnet material. This paper provides a summary of the existing literature on the subject.

J. T. Volk

2002-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

38

Experience with the procurement of ferrite and temperature compensator for permanent magnets for accelerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experience with the procurement of ferrite and temperature compensator for permanent magnets for accelerators

Fowler, W B; Volk, J T

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Rare Earth-free Permanent Magnets I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 4, 2013 ... Sponsored by: TMS Electronic, Magnetic, and Photonic Materials Division, TMS: Energy Committee, TMS: Energy Conversion and Storage...

40

Designing Permanent Magnet Machines for Ferrofluid Immersion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications -III ... associated costs, and reliability, with thermal and dynamic effects requiring adequate clearance.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

System Cost Analysis for an Interior Permanent Magnet Motor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this program is to provide an assessment of the cost structure for an interior permanent magnet ('IPM') motor which is designed to meet the 2010 FreedomCAR specification. The program is to evaluate the range of viable permanent magnet materials for an IPM motor, including sintered and bonded grades of rare earth magnets. The study considers the benefits of key processing steps, alternative magnet shapes and their assembly methods into the rotor (including magnetization), and any mechanical stress or temperature limits. The motor's costs are estimated for an annual production quantity of 200,000 units, and are broken out into such major components as magnetic raw materials, processing and manufacturing. But this is essentially a feasibility study of the motor's electromagnetic design, and is not intended to include mechanical or thermal studies as would be done to work up a selected design for production.

Peter Campbell

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Development of MnBi Permanent Magnet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Magnetic Materials for Use in Energy-efficient Distribution Transformers ... Novel Morphology of Highly Efficient Two-phase Ferrite Cores for Power Systems

43

Parameter estimation of permanent magnet stepper motors without position or velocity sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parameter estimation of permanent magnet stepper motors without position or velocity sensors Romain identification method for permanent magnet stepper motors. Current sensors are assumed available, but position magnet stepper motors, syn- chronous motors, sensorless systems, parameter identification, elimination

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

44

High-Energy Composite Permanent Magnets: High-Energy Permanent Magnets for Hybrid Vehicles and Alternative Energy  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: The University of Delaware is developing permanent magnets that contain less rare earth material and produce twice the energy of the strongest rare earth magnets currently available. The University of Delaware is creating these magnets by mixing existing permanent magnet materials with those that are more abundant, like iron. Both materials are first prepared in the form of nanoparticles via techniques ranging from wet chemistry to ball milling. After that, the nanoparticles must be assembled in a 3-D array and consolidated at low temperatures to form a magnet. With small size particles and good contact between these two materials, the best qualities of each allow for the development of exceptionally strong composite magnets.

None

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

45

Experiences with permanent magnets at the Fermilab recycler ring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to achieve higher luminosities in Run II a separate antiproton storage ring was built in the Main Injector tunnel. To reduce both construction and operations costs permanent magnets were used. This paper discusses the design criterion and specifications, including temperature dependence, longitudinal uniformity, and adjusting of the higher harmonics of the magnets. The design tolerances for a storage ring are more stringent than for a single pass beam line. The difference between the measured and ideal central field for each magnet was held to better than 0.1%. The temperature stability for all magnets was set to better than 0.01% per degree Celsius. Higher order harmonics relative to the central field were set to less than 0.01%. This was done for all 484 permanent magnet that were built.

Volk, James T

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

An Improved Sensorless Control System of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To improve the performance of permanent magnet synchronous motor sensor less control system, the phase offset caused by the low pass filter must be considering. In this paper, to apply the linear control theory to PMSM system. The introduced control ... Keywords: PMSM, Reduced-order Observer, Group Time Delay, Adaptive, Sensorless

Long Tang, Hong-Lin Ou Yang, Chao Meng, Xin-Yuan Li, Xu-Jie Mo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Adaptive friction compensation for permanent magnet linear synchronous motor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper discussed an adaptive friction compensation scheme based on Coulomb friction and a parameter identifier. The model reference adaptive system based on Coulomb friction was designed to compensate the friction on-line. The designed model reference ... Keywords: friction compensation, model reference adaptive control, parameter identification, permanent magnet linear synchronous motor (PMLSM)

Wang Li-Mei; Wu Lin

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Nominal Position Controller for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A nonlinear position controller for permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) was designed to achieve position tracing control and robust control. The controller included two parts: the model controller and the robust controller. The former was designed ... Keywords: PMSM, nominal control, sliding mode control

Yuzeng Zhang; Fan Wang; Mingyin Yan

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

PERMANENT MAGNET DESIGNS WITH LARGE VARIATIONS IN FIELD STRENGTH.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of permanent magnets has been investigated as an option for electron cooling ring for the proposed luminosity upgrade of RHIC. Several methods have been developed that allow a large variation in field strength. These design concepts were verified with computer simulations using finite element codes. It will be shown that the field uniformity is maintained while the field strength is mechanically adjusted.

GUPTA,R.

2004-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

50

High Temperature, Buried Permanent Magnet, Brushless DC Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A high temperature magnetic bearing system using high temperature permanent magnets from Electron Energy Corporation (EEC) is under development. The system consists of two radial bearings, one thrust bearing, two radial catcher bearings and one motor. The purpose of this research is to develop one of the critical components of the system, namely, the High Temperature Permanent Magnet motor. A novel High Temperature Permanent Magnet (HTPM) Brushless DC(BLDC) motor capable of operating at 1000 degrees F (538 degrees C) is designed. HTPMs developed at Electron Energy Corporation are buried into the rotor. The high temperature motor is designed to produce 5.1kw of power at a top running speed of 20000 rpm. The numerical values of the motor voltage, power and torque output are predicted from calculations of the nonlinear finite element model of the motor. The motor stator is wound, potted, cured and high potential tested at 1000 degrees F. A servo amplifier from Advanced Motion Control is used to drive the high temperature motor. High temperature displacement sensors are set up for sensing the rotor position to form a closed loop motion control. However, the noise problem of the high temperature sensors causes a failure of this approach. An open loop approach is then developed and this approach succeeds in spinning the rotor with the capability of self-starting. The status of the full system assembling is introduced. Some other components of the system are briefly presented.

Zhang, Zhengxin

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

A Self-Learning Solution for Torque Ripple Reduction for Non-Sinusoidal Permanent Magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A Self-Learning Solution for Torque Ripple Reduction for Non-Sinusoidal Permanent Magnet Motor in a permanent-magnet non-sinusoidal synchronous motor. Solutions for calculating optimal currents are deduced are shown to confirm the validity of the proposed neural approach. Index Terms--Permanent Magnet Synchronous

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

52

Direct Torque Control for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors with Respect to Optimal Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Direct Torque Control for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors with Respect to Optimal@lea.upb.de, boecker@lea.upb.de URL: http://wwwlea.upb.de Keywords «Interior permanent magnet synchronous motor to their high torque and power per volume ratio, interior permanent magnet synchronous motors (IPMSM

Noé, Reinhold

53

Model Predictive Control of a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Experimental Validation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Model Predictive Control of a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Experimental Validation Shan to regulate the speed of a permanent magnet synchronous motor where the design is based on a linearized state rejection, constraints, quadratic programming. 1. Introduction Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (PMSMs

54

A Precise Open-Loop Torque Control for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Precise Open-Loop Torque Control for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM@lea.upb.de Abstract-Interior permanent magnet synchronous motors (IPMSM) are preferentially chosen as traction drives. INTRODUCTION Interior permanent magnet synchronous motors (IPMSM) provide high power and torque densities

Noé, Reinhold

55

Performance of An Adjustable Strength Permanent Magnet Quadrupole  

SciTech Connect

An adjustable strength permanent magnet quadrupole suitable for use in Next Linear Collider has been built and tested. The pole length is 42cm, aperture diameter 13mm, peak pole tip strength 1.03Tesla and peak integrated gradient * length (GL) is 68.7 Tesla. This paper describes measurements of strength, magnetic CL and field quality made using an air bearing rotating coil system. The magnetic CL stability during -20% strength adjustment proposed for beam based alignment was < 0.2 microns. Strength hysteresis was negligible. Thermal expansion of quadrupole and measurement parts caused a repeatable and easily compensated change in the vertical magnetic CL. Calibration procedures as well as CL measurements made over a wider tuning range of 100% to 20% in strength useful for a wide range of applications will be described. The impact of eddy currents in the steel poles on the magnetic field during strength adjustments will be reported.

Gottschalk, S.C.; DeHart, T.E.; Kangas, K.W.; /STI Optronics, Bellevue; Spencer, C.M.; /SLAC; Volk, J.T.; /Fermilab

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Disc rotors with permanent magnets for brushless DC motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A brushless dc permanent magnet motor drives an autonomous underwater vehe. In one embodiment, the motor comprises four substantially flat stators in stacked relationship, with pairs of the stators axially spaced, each of the stators comprising a tape-wound stator coil, and first and second substantially flat rotors disposed between the spaced pairs of stators. Each of the rotors includes an annular array of permanent magnets embedded therein. A first shaft is connected to the first rotor and a second, concentric shaft is connected to the second rotor, and a drive unit causes rotation of the two shafts in opposite directions. The second shaft comprises a hollow tube having a central bore in which the first shaft is disposed. Two different sets of bearings support the first and second shafts. In another embodiment, the motor comprises two ironless stators and pairs of rotors mounted on opposite sides of the stators and driven by counterrotating shafts.

Hawsey, Robert A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Bailey, J. Milton (Knoxville, TN)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Design of a Ferrite Permanent Magnet Rotor for a Wind Power Generator.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Due to the insecurity of the supply of raw materials needed for neodymium-iron-boron magnets, typically used in permanent magnet generators, the use of ferrite (more)

Eklund, Petter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

A dual-channel flux-switching permanent magnet motor for hybrid electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The flux-switching permanent magnet (FSPM) motor is a relatively novel brushless machine having both magnets and concentrated windings in the stator

Wei Hua; Zhongze Wu; Ming Cheng; Baoan Wang; Jianzhong Zhang; Shigui Zhou

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Permanent magnet machine with windings having strand transposition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This document discusses, among other things, a stator with transposition between the windings or coils. The coils are free from transposition to increase the fill factor of the stator slots. The transposition at the end connections between an inner coil and an outer coil provide transposition to reduce circulating current loss. The increased fill factor reduces further current losses. Such a stator is used in a dual rotor, permanent magnet machine, for example, in a compressor pump, wind turbine gearbox, wind turbine rotor.

Qu, Ronghai (Clifton Park, NY); Jansen, Patrick Lee (Scotia, NY)

2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

60

Control system for an interior permanent magnet synchronous machine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high performance, fully operational, four-quadrant control scheme is used in an interior permanent magnet synchronous machine. The machine operates smoothly with full performance in the constant-torque region as well as in the flux-weakening, constant-power region in both directions of motion. The transition between the constant-torque and constant-power regions is very smooth under all conditions of operation. Control in the constant-torque region is based on a vector or field-oriented technique, with the direct-axis aligned with the total stator flux, whereas constant-power region control is accomplished by orientation of the torque angle of the impressed square-wave voltage through the feedforward vector rotator. In a preferred embodiment, the control system employs a digital distributed microcomputer controller arrangement which relies upon various precisely estimated feedback signals, such as torque, flux, etc. The control scheme includes an outer torque control loop primarily for traction type applications, but also contemplates speed and position control loops for various industrial drives. A 70 hp drive system using a Neodymium-Iron-Boron permanent magnet machine and transistor pulse width modulating inverter has been designed and successfully tested. This control scheme also has application in controlling surface permanent magnet machines. 16 figs.

Bose, B.K.

1988-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Questions and Answers - Why is a non-permanent, but long lasting, magnet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Which jobs use electromagnets? Which jobs use electromagnets? Previous Question (Which jobs use electromagnets?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (Can you turn something into a magnet by banging on it in a specific way?) Can you turn something into a magnetby banging on it in a specific way? Why is a non-permanent, but long lasting, magnet called a permanent magnet? Permanent magnets are magnets that you don't have to use energy to make them magnetic. Some types of permanent magnets, relative to the length of lives of humans, are pretty close to permanent. They decay slowly, but they do decay. When most of the magnetic domains in a material align in one direction you can call that a magnet. It helps if you can imagine a magnet as being made up of a bunch of little magnets. Each one has tiny North and

62

Permanent magnet assisted synchronous reluctance motor, design and performance improvement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, permanent magnet assisted (PMa)-synchronous reluctance motors (SynRM) have been considered as a possible alternative motor drive for high performance applications. In order to have an efficient motor drive, performing of three steps in design of the overall drive is not avoidable. These steps are design optimization of the motor, identification of the motor parameter and implementation of an advanced control system to ensure optimum operation. Therefore, this dissertation first deals with the design optimization of the Permanent Magnet Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motor (PMa-SynRM). Various key points in the rotor design of a low cost PMa-SynRM are introduced and their effects are studied. Finite element approach has been utilized to show the effects of these parameters on the developed average electromagnetic torque and the total d-q inductances. As it can be inferred from the name of the motor, there are some permanent magnets mounted in the rotor core. One of the features considered in the design of this motor is the magnetization of the permanent magnets mounted in the rotor core using the stator windings to reduce the manufacturing cost. At the next step, identification of the motor parameters is discussed. Variation of motor parameters due to temperature and airgap flux has been reported in the literatures. Use of off-line models for estimating the motor parameters is known as a computationally intensive method, especially when the models include the effect of cross saturation. Therefore in practical applications, on-line parameter estimation is favored to achieve a high performance control system. In this dissertation, a simple practical method for parameter estimation of the PMa-SynRM is introduced. Last part of the dissertation presents one advanced control strategy which utilized the introduced parameter estimator. A practical Maximum Torque Per Ampere (MTPA) control scheme along with a simple parameter estimator for PMa-SynRM is introduced. This method is capable of maintaining the MTPA condition and stays robust against the variations of motor parameters. Effectiveness of the motor design procedure and the control strategy is validated by presenting simulation and experimental results of a 1.5 kW prototype PMa-SynRM, designed and manufactured through the introduced design method.

Niazi, Peyman

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Interior Permanent Magnet Reluctance Machine with Brushless Field Excitation  

SciTech Connect

In a conventional permanent magnet (PM) machine, the air-gap flux produced by the PM is fixed. It is difficult to enhance the air-gap flux density due to limitations of the PM in a series-magnetic circuit. However, the air-gap flux density can be weakened by using power electronic field weakening to the limit of demagnetization of the PMs. This paper presents the test results of controlling the PM air-gap flux density through the use of a stationary brushless excitation coil in a reluctance interior permanent magnet with brushless field excitation (RIPM-BFE) motor. Through the use of this technology the air-gap flux density can be either enhanced or weakened. There is no concern with demagnetizing the PMs during field weakening. The leakage flux of the excitation coil through the PMs is blocked. The prototype motor built on this principle confirms the concept of flux enhancement and weakening through the use of excitation coils.

Wiles, R.H.

2005-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

64

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. 42, NO. 7, JULY 2006 1861 Analytical Design of Permanent-Magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(PM) traction-drive motors with emphasis on calculation of the magnet's volume and size. The method, optimization, permanent magnets (PMs), PM motors, sizing, traction drives, volume. I. INTRODUCTION PERMANENT-MAGNET the designer to choose the sizes of magnets. The performance of the PM motor can be made satisfactory

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

65

Analysis of Slanted Air-gap Structure of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of Slanted Air-gap Structure of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) for application in a hybrid electric vehicle. This unique slanted permanent magnet synchronous motor FEA finite element analysis PM permanent magnet II. INTRODUCTION

Tolbert, Leon M.

66

Pulsating Torque Reduction for Permanent Magnet Bojan Grcar, Peter Cafuta, Gorazd Stumberger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pulsating Torque Reduction for Permanent Magnet AC Motors Bojan Grcar, Peter Cafuta, Gorazd on the motor design (skewing, shifting the magnet position, special windings, etc.) [5], [6] are in general,MA Abstract-- Control methods for pulsation of torque reduction for the surface-mounted permanent magnet

Stankoviæ, Aleksandar

67

Optimum Control for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (IPMSM) in Constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimum Control for Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (IPMSM) in Constant Torque and Electrical Drives, Paderborn, Germany Abstract--Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (IPMSM) gain weakening range. Operation during flux weakening, however, causes stress to the magnets of the motor

Noé, Reinhold

68

Modeling And Analysis of Radial Flux Toroidally Wound Twin Rotor Permanent Magnet Motor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The main objective of current thesis is the study of Radial Flux Twin Rotor Permanent Magnet (RFTWTRPM) motor. The tasks were to review the literature (more)

Pratapa, Ravi Kishore

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Initial rotor position estimation for low saliency interior permanent-magnet synchronous motor drives.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work presents an initial rotor position estimation method for low saliency interior permanent-magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) drives. The method injects signals into the stationary (more)

Yang, Yan.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Study on Performance Characteristics of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Due to Rotor Configuration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research study was conducted in an effort to understand what effects the rotor configuration has on the performance of a permanent magnet synchronous machine, (more)

Kettlewell, James

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Dynamic high pressure process for fabricating superconducting and permanent magnetic materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Shock waves directed on thin layers of materials is used to form superconducting and permanent magnetic materials with improved microstructures. 9 figs.

Nellis, W.J.; Maple, M.B.; Geballe, T.H.

1986-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

72

An Analytical Equation for Cogging Torque Calculation in Permanent Magnet Motors Lu, Kaiyuan; Rasmussen, Peter Omand; Ritchie, Andrew Ewen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Analytical Equation for Cogging Torque Calculation in Permanent Magnet Motors Lu, Kaiyuan Torque Calculation in Permanent Magnet Motors. Paper presented at 17th International Conference to the prediction of the cogging torque in motors with parallel or radial magnetized permanent magnets. The magnetic

Rasmussen, Peter Omand

73

Hybrid permanent magnet quadrupoles for the Recycler Ring at Fermilab  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid Permanent Magnet Quadrupoles are used in several applications for the Fermilab Recycler Ring and associated beam transfer lines. Most of these magnets use a 0.6096 m long iron shell and provide integrated gradients up to 1.4 T-m/m with an iron pole tip radius of 41.6 mm. A 58.4 mm pole radius design is also required. Bricks of 25. 4 mm thick strontium ferrite supply the flux to the back of the pole to produce the desired gradients (0.6 to 2.75 T/m). For temperature compensation, Ni-Fe alloy strips are interspersed between ferrite bricks to subtract flux in a temperature dependent fashion. Adjustments of the permeance of each pole using iron between the pole and the flux return shell permits the matching of pole potentials. Magnetic potentials of the poles are adjusted to the desired value to achieve the prescribed strength and field uniformity based on rotating coil harmonic measurements. Procurement, fabrication, pole potential adjustment, and measured fields will be reported.

Brown, B.C.; Pruss, S.M.; Foster, G.W.; Glass, H.D.; Harding, D.J.; Jackson, G.R.; May, M.R.; Nicol, T.H.; Ostiguy, J.-F.; Schlabach, R.; Volk, J.T.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Electron current extraction from a permanent magnet waveguide plasma cathode  

SciTech Connect

An electron cyclotron resonance plasma produced in a cylindrical waveguide with external permanent magnets was investigated as a possible plasma cathode electron source. The configuration is desirable in that it eliminates the need for a physical antenna inserted into the plasma, the erosion of which limits operating lifetime. Plasma bulk density was found to be overdense in the source. Extraction currents over 4 A were achieved with the device. Measurements of extracted electron currents were similar to calculated currents, which were estimated using Langmuir probe measurements at the plasma cathode orifice and along the length of the external plume. The influence of facility effects and trace ionization in the anode-cathode gap are also discussed.

Weatherford, B. R.; Foster, J. E. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Kamhawi, H. [NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44135 (United States)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

75

Cerium-Based Magnets: Novel High Energy Permanent Magnet Without Critical Elements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

REACT Project: Ames Laboratory will develop a new class of permanent magnets based on the more commonly available element cerium for use in both EVs and renewable power generators. Cerium is 4 times more abundant and significantly less expensive than the rare earth element neodymium, which is frequently used in todays most powerful magnets. Ames Laboratory will combine other metal elements with cerium to create a new magnet that can remain stable at the high temperatures typically found in electric motors. This new magnetic material will ultimately be demonstrated in a prototype electric motor, representing a cost-effective and efficient alternative to neodymium-based motors.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Design and analysis of a permanent magnet generator for naval applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electrical and magnetic design and analysis of a permanent magnet generation module for naval applications. Numerous design issues are addressed and several issues are raised about the potential ...

Rucker, Jonathan E. (Jonathan Estill)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Computing the External Magnetic Scalar Potential due to an Unbalanced Six-Pole Permanent Magnet Motor  

SciTech Connect

The accurate computation of the external magnetic field from a permanent magnet motor is accomplished by first computing its magnetic scalar potential. In order to find a solution which is valid for any arbitrary point external to the motor, a number of proven methods have been employed. Firstly, A finite element model is developed which helps generate magnetic scalar potential values valid for points close to and outside the motor. Secondly, charge simulation is employed which generates an equivalent magnetic charge matrix. Finally, an equivalent multipole expansion is developed through the application of a toroidal harmonic expansion. This expansion yields the harmonic components of the external magnetic scalar potential which can be used to compute the magnetic field at any point outside the motor.

Selvaggi J, Salon S, Kwon O, Chari MVK

2007-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

78

A design for improved performance of interior permanent magnet synchronous motor for hybrid electric vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the layout of a magnet shape on the performance of an interior permanent magnet (IPM) synchronous motor. The motor is used in a hybrid electric vehicle. The IPM motor is a pancake shaped motor that has permanent magnets inside the rotor. The motor acts as a rotational electrodynamic machine between the engine and transmission. The main purpose of redesigning the shape of the magnet is to improve the motor performance

Seong Yeop Lim

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Impact of Permanent Magnet Field on Inductance Variation of a PMLSM Julien Gomand1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Surface Mounted Permanent Magnet Linear Synchronous Motors are generally presented with constantImpact of Permanent Magnet Field on Inductance Variation of a PMLSM Julien Gomand1 , Ghislain Remy1 Linear drive, Modelling, Estimation technique, Synchronous motor, Harmonics. Abstract Analytical models

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

80

Current Controller with Defined Dynamic Behavior for an Interior Permanent Magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current Controller with Defined Dynamic Behavior for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor saturation and changing motor parameters. In this paper a current control scheme is presented that ensures combustion vehicles already provide. Today's modern HEV and EV mostly include interior permanent magnet

Noé, Reinhold

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Design of optimal digital controller for stable super-high-speed permanent-magnet synchronous  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design of optimal digital controller for stable super-high-speed permanent-magnet synchronous motor collaborative design scheme of a super-high-speed permanent-magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) and its digital controller is presented, which provides a low-cost but highly efficient motor system with guaranteed

Wu, Shin-Tson

82

SVPWM-Based Simulation of Direct Torque Control in Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On the basis of analysis of the mathematical model of permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM), this paper is to propose a new type direct torque control system based on space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) technology aiming at big torque ripple, ... Keywords: permanent magnet synchronous motor, direct torque control, space vector pulse width modulation, MATLAB/Simulink

Huang Xianghui, Sun Nan

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Optimal control in energy conversion of small wind power systems with permanent-magnet-synchronous-generators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of experimental investigation of a low-power wind energy conversion system (WECS), based on a permanent-magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) connected directly to the turbine. A development system was built in order to ... Keywords: hardware-in-the-loop simulation, maximum power point tracking, optimal control, permanent-magnet synchronous generator, wind system

C. Vlad; I. Munteanu; A. I. Bratcu; E. Ceanga

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Analysis and Design of a High Power Density Axial Flux Permanent Magnet Linear Synchronous Machine Used for Stirling System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

a high power density axial flux permanent magnet linear synchronous machine and the stirling system will be introduced. This machine is a tubular axial flux permanent magnet machine. It comprises two parts: stator and mover. With the 2D finite-element ... Keywords: permanent magnet, stirling engine, linear motor

Ping Zheng; Xuhui Gan; Lin Li

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

296 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 57, NO. 1, JANUARY 2010 Very-High-Speed Slotless Permanent-Magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-High-Speed Slotless Permanent-Magnet Motors: Analytical Modeling, Optimization, Design, and Torque Measurement Methods-high-speed (VHS) slotless permanent-magnet motor design procedure using an analytical model. The model is used TO THEIR high power density, very-high-speed (VHS) permanent-magnet (PM) motors are increasingly requested

Psaltis, Demetri

86

This paper describes the integrated modeling of a permanent magnet (PM) motor used in an electromechanical actuator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT This paper describes the integrated modeling of a permanent magnet (PM) motor used and Field Oriented Control of Permanent Magnet (PM) Motor for High Performance EMA 2010-01-1742 Published 11 of a permanent magnet motor and describes both the control and thermal performance of the motor in following

Wu, Shin-Tson

87

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. 41, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2005 3823 Design of a Superhigh-Speed Cryogenic Permanent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Speed Cryogenic Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Liping Zheng1, Thomas X. Wu1, Dipjyoti Acharya2, Kalpathy B and simulation of a superhigh-speed permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) that operates in the cryogenic Terms--Cryogenics, permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM), superhigh speed, V/f control. I

Wu, Shin-Tson

88

220,000-r/min, 2-kW Permanent Magnet Motor Drive for Turbocharger Toshihiko Noguchi, Yosuke Takata *  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

220,000-r/min, 2-kW Permanent Magnet Motor Drive for Turbocharger Toshihiko Noguchi, Yosuke Takata-speed permanent-magnet synchronous motor drive, which is embedded in a turbocharger of an internal permanent magnet. Also, it is indispensable to reduce the motor inductance less than 10 (µH) because dc bus

Fujimoto, Hiroshi

89

Power-Factor and Torque Calculation with Consideration of Cross Saturation of the Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation Seong Taek Lee1,2 , Timothy A. Burress1 permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM). The conventional two-axis IPMSM model is modified to include motor of a hybrid electric vehicle. I. INTRODUCTION The interior permanent magnet synchronous motor

Tolbert, Leon M.

90

Makeup and uses of a basic magnet laboratory for characterizing high-temperature permanent magnets  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A set of instrumentation for making basic magnetic measurements was assembled in order to characterize high-intrinsic-coercivity, rare-earth permanent magnets with respect to short-term demagnetization resistance and long-term aging at temperatures up to 300{degrees}C. The major specialized components of this set consist of a 13-T-peak-field, capacitor-discharge pulse magnetizer; a 10-in.-pole-size, variable-gap electromagnet; a temperature-controlled oven equipped with iron-cobalt pole piece extensions and a removable paddle that carries the magnetization and field sensing coils; associated electronic integrators; and standards for field intensity H and magnetic moment M calibration. A 1-cm cubic magnet sample, carried by the paddle, fits snugly between the pole piece extensions within the electrically heated aluminum oven, where fields up to 3.2 T can be applied by the electromagnet at temperatures up to 300{degrees}C. A sample set of demagnetization data for the high-energy Sm{sub 2}Co{sub 17} type of magnet is given for temperatures up to 300{degrees}C. These data are reduced to the temperature dependence of the M-H knee field and of the field for a given magnetic induction swing, and they are then interpreted to show the limits of safe magnet operation.

Niedra, J.M. [Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Brook Park, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center Group; Schwarze, G.E. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Cleveland, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

A permanent-magnet rotor for a high-temperature superconducting bearing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Design, fabrication, and performance, of a 1/3-m dia., 10-kg flywheel rotor with only one bearing is discussed. To achieve low-loss energy storage, the rotor`s segmented-ring permanent-magnet (PM) is optimized for levitation and circumferential homogeneity. The magnet`s carbon composite bands enable practical energy storage.

Mulcahy, T.M.; Hull, J.R.; Uherka, K.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Abboud, R.G. [Commonwealth Research Corp., Chicago, IL (United States); Wise, J.H.; Carnegie, D.W. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Engineering Science

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

An Observer-Based Design for Cogging Forces Cancellation in Permanent Magnet Linear Motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Observer-Based Design for Cogging Forces Cancellation in Permanent Magnet Linear Motors Jérémy magnet (PM) linear motors, in presence of spatially periodic forces, also known as cogging. Using cleanliness of operation and better resistance to wear and tear. Ironless motors feature two magnetic tracks

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

93

Brushed permanent magnet DC MLC motor operation in an external magnetic field  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Linac-MR systems for real-time image-guided radiotherapy will utilize the multileaf collimators (MLCs) to perform conformal radiotherapy and tumor tracking. The MLCs would be exposed to the external fringe magnetic fields of the linac-MR hybrid systems. Therefore, an experimental investigation of the effect of an external magnetic field on the brushed permanent magnet DC motors used in some MLC systems was performed. Methods: The changes in motor speed and current were measured for varying external magnetic field strengths up to 2000 G generated by an EEV electromagnet. These changes in motor characteristics were measured for three orientations of the motor in the external magnetic field, mimicking changes in motor orientations due to installation and/or collimator rotations. In addition, the functionality of the associated magnetic motor encoder was tested. The tested motors are used with the Varian 120 leaf Millennium MLC (Maxon Motor half leaf and full leaf motors) and the Varian 52 leaf MKII MLC (MicroMo Electronics leaf motor) including a carriage motor (MicroMo Electronics). Results: In most cases, the magnetic encoder of the motors failed prior to any damage to the gearbox or the permanent magnet motor itself. This sets an upper limit of the external magnetic field strength on the motor function. The measured limits of the external magnetic fields were found to vary by the motor type. The leaf motor used with a Varian 52 leaf MKII MLC system tolerated up to 450{+-}10 G. The carriage motor tolerated up to 2000{+-}10 G field. The motors used with the Varian 120 leaf Millennium MLC system were found to tolerate a maximum of 600{+-}10 G. Conclusions: The current Varian MLC system motors can be used for real-time image-guided radiotherapy coupled to a linac-MR system, provided the fringe magnetic fields at their locations are below the determined tolerance levels. With the fringe magnetic fields of linac-MR systems expected to be larger than the tolerance levels determined, some form of magnetic shielding would be required.

Yun, J.; St Aubin, J.; Rathee, S.; Fallone, B. G. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, 11322-89 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Alberta, 11322-89 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Cross Cancer Institute, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada) and Department of Oncology, Medical Physics Division, University of Alberta, 11560 University Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 1Z2 (Canada)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

94

Fabrication and Performance of Silicon-Embedded Permanent-Magnet Microgenerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the design, fabrication, and characterization of silicon-packaged permanent-magnet (PM) microgenerators. The use of silicon packaging favors fine control on shape and dimensions in batch fabrication ...

Herrault, Florian

95

Experimental verification for the design of a doubly-fed permanent magnetic generator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a continuous work on the project of a doubly-fed permanent magnet (DFPM) generator for wind turbines. The construction of a prototype machine was finally finished and experiments were conducted to verify the design ...

Lu, Bin, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

2528 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. 43, NO. 6, JUNE 2007 A Highly Efficient 200 000 RPM Permanent Magnet Motor System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Permanent Magnet Motor System Limei Zhao1, Chan Ham2, Liping Zheng3, Thomas Wu4, Kalpathy Sundaram4, Jay presents the development of an ultra-high-speed permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) that produces effectiveness. Index Terms--Permanent magnet, motor, stability, ultra-high-speed. I. INTRODUCTION DUE

Wu, Shin-Tson

97

Maximization of No-Load Flux Density in Surface Mounted Permanent Magnet Motors Frdric DUBAS, Christophe ESPANET & Abdellatif MIRAOUI.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maximization of No-Load Flux Density in Surface Mounted Permanent Magnet Motors Frédéric DUBAS mounted permanent magnet motors having a direction of parallel or radial magnetization [1]. I expression of the optimal thickness of the magnet which make it possible to maximize the no-load flux density

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

98

High speed internal permanent magnet machine and method of manufacturing the same  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An internal permanent magnet (IPM) machine is provided. The IPM machine includes a stator assembly and a stator core. The stator core also includes multiple stator teeth. The stator assembly is further configured with stator windings to generate a magnetic field when excited with alternating currents and extends along a longitudinal axis with an inner surface defining a cavity. The IPM machine also includes a rotor assembly and a rotor core. The rotor core is disposed inside the cavity and configured to rotate about the longitudinal axis. The rotor assembly further includes a shaft. The shaft further includes multiple protrusions alternately arranged relative to multiple bottom structures provided on the shaft. The rotor assembly also includes multiple stacks of laminations disposed on the protrusions and dovetailed circumferentially around the shaft. The rotor assembly further includes multiple permanent magnets for generating a magnetic field, which interacts with the stator magnetic field to produce torque. The permanent magnets are disposed between the stacks. The rotor assembly also includes multiple bottom wedges disposed on the bottom structures of the shaft and configured to hold the multiple stacks and the multiple permanent magnets.

Alexander, James Pellegrino (Ballston Lake, NY); EL-Refaie, Ayman Mohamed Fawzi (Niskayuna, NY); Lokhandwalla, Murtuza (Clifton Park, NY); Shah, Manoj Ramprasad (Latham, NY); VanDam, Jeremy Daniel (West Coxsackie, NY)

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

99

Thermal-Electromagnetic Analysis of a Fault-Tolerant Dual Star Flux-Switching Permanent Magnet Motor for Critical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a fault-tolerant dual star Flux-Switching Permanent Magnet (FSPM) motor. The analytical results in terms permanent magnet motors have attracted increasing attentions in safety critical applications such as Hybrid, the phases of the motors are magnetically and physically separated. Thus, the phase failures (short

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

100

Study of Various Slanted Air-gap Structures of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Study of Various Slanted Air-gap Structures of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor of the slanted air-gap structure of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor with brushless field magnet machine, synchronous motors, torque. I. NOMENCLATURE BFE brushless field excitation IPMSM interior

Tolbert, Leon M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Rare-Earth Free Permanent Magnets - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

However, availability of rare-earth elements is a potential barrier to motor and generator applications. Thus, aiming at developing magnets without rare-earth...

102

Advances in Rare-Earth-Free Permanent Magnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Giant Low-Field Magnetocaloric Effect with Small Hysteresis Near Room ... Large Room Temperature Magnetoresistance in FeCo-SiN Granular Films Magnetic...

103

The use of a permanent magnet for water content measurements ofwood chips  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has developed a device that measures the water content of wood chips, pulp and brown stock for the paper industry. This device employs a permanent magnet as the central part of a NMR measurement system. This report describes the magnet and the NMR measurement system. The results of water content measurements in wood chips in a magnetic field of 0.47 T are presented.

Barale, P.J.; Fong, C.G.; Green, M.A.; Luft, P.A.; McInturff,A.D.; Reimer, J.A.; Yahnke, M.

2001-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

104

Investigation of Cooling and Dehumidification Energy Use and Indoor Thermal Conditions in Polk County Schools Permanent Replacement Classroom Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing enrollment in grades K-12 coupled with the spiraling costs of construction has pushed school boards to develop more cost-effective classrooms, from the perspective of initial cost, longterm energy consumption, and ease of maintenance. To this end, the Florida's Polk County School Board has developed a four-quad permanent replacement classroom building. Each classroom is equipped with a package terminal heat pump (PTHP) with a thermostat control with a four-hour crank timer. The objective of this research was to compare the energy consumption and interior conditions of the autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) construction with an unvented roof assembly to that of the conventional metal framing and concrete panel buildings. Four buildings, 2 metal-framed and 2 AAC buildings with dehumidifiers were chosen for extensive testing and monitoring. The goal was to maintain a relative humidity of 50% as well as an interior temperature of 75oF.

Moyer, N. A.; Cummings, J. B.; Chasar, D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Adjustable Permanent Quadrupoles Using Rotating Magnet Material Rods for the Next Linear Collider  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The proposed Next Linear Collider (NLC) will require over 1400 adjustable quadrupoles between the main linacs' accelerator structures. These 12.7 mm bore quadrupoles will have a range of integrated strength from 0.6 to 132 Tesla, with a maximum gradient of 135 Tesla per meter, an adjustment range of +0-20% and effective lengths from 324 mm to 972 mm. The magnetic center must remain stable to within 1 micrometer during the 20% adjustment. In an effort to reduce estimated costs and increase reliability, several designs using hybrid permanent magnets have been developed. All magnets have iron poles and use either Samarium Cobalt or Neodymium Iron to provide the magnetic fields. Two prototypes use rotating rods containing permanent magnetic material to vary the gradient. Gradient changes of 20% and center shifts of less than 20 microns have been measured. These data are compared to an equivalent electromagnet prototype.

James T Volk et al.

2001-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

106

Axial flux, modular, permanent-magnet generator with a toroidal winding for wind turbine applications  

SciTech Connect

Permanent-magnet generators have been used for wind turbines for many years. Many small wind turbine manufacturers use direct-drive permanent-magnet generators. For wind turbine generators, the design philosophy must cover the following characteristics: low cost, light weight, low speed, high torque, and variable speed generation. The generator is easy to manufacture and the design can be scaled up for a larger size without major retooling. A modular permanent-magnet generator with axial flux direction was chosen. The permanent magnet used is NdFeB or ferrite magnet with flux guide to focus flux density in the air gap. Each unit module of the generator may consist of one, two, or more phases. Each generator can be expanded to two or more unit modules. Each unit module is built from simple modular poles. The stator winding is formed like a torus. Thus, the assembly process is simplified and the winding insertion in the slot is less tedious. The authors built a prototype of one unit module and performed preliminary tests in the laboratory. Follow up tests will be conducted in the lab to improve the design.

Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Wan, Y.H.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. 47, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2011 4809 A Linear Doubly Salient Permanent-Magnet Motor With Modular and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Permanent-Magnet Motor With Modular and Complementary Structure Ruiwu Cao1;2, Ming Cheng1, Chris Mi2, Wei permanent magnet (LDSPM) motor is particularly suitable for long stator applications due to its simple, and higher magnet utilization factor than the existing one. Index Terms--Double salient motor, finite

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

108

A Quick Efficiency-Optimized Scheme for Vector Controlled Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drive  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In view of the operation characters of permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) application, efficiency optimization control strategy is needed to meet the demand of rapidity. A quick efficiency optimized vector control ... Keywords: PMSM, efficiency optimization, HEV, gradient search technique, golden section technique

Xianqing Cao; Liping Fan

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Original article: Overview of analytical models of permanent magnet electrical machines for analysis and design purposes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Generally, accurate modelling of electrical machines requires the use of finite-element method. However, FE analysis is too time consuming, especially at firsts design stages, from the point of view of engineers working in R&D departments in the electrical ... Keywords: Analytical modelling, Electromagnetic analysis, Permanent magnet machines

Huguette Tiegna, Yacine Amara, Georges Barakat

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

The integrated design of a permanent-magnet generator for small wind energy conversion system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the integrated design, analysis and performance test of a 1.4 kW, radial-flux, permanent-magnet generator applied to small wind energy conversion system (WECS). In a small WECS, the three major components, i.e., turbine, generator ...

Min-Fu Hsieh; Yu-Han Yeh

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Design and optimization strategies for muscle-like direct-drive linear permanent-magnet motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report a new approach to the design of direct-drive linear permanent-magnet motors for use in general-purpose robotic actuation, with particular attention to applications in bird-scale flapping-wing robots. We show a simple, quantitative analytical ... Keywords: Actuator design, electric motors, muscle

Bryan P Ruddy; Ian W Hunter

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Controlled operation of variable speed driven permanent magnet synchronous generator for wind energy conversion systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The introduction of distributed generation through renewable sources of energy has opened a challenging area for power engineers. As these sources are intermittent in nature, variable speed electric generators are employed for harnessing electrical energy ... Keywords: permanent magnet synchronous generator, power conditioners, power quality, variable speed generators, wind energy

Rajveer Mittal; K. S. Sandhu; D. K. Jain

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Method and apparatus for sensorless operation of brushless permanent magnet motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensorless method and apparatus for providing commutation timing signals for a brushless permanent magnet motor extracts the third harmonic back-emf of a three-phase stator winding and independently cyclically integrates the positive and negative half-cycles thereof and compares the results to a reference level associated with a desired commutation angle.

Sriram, Tillasthanam V. (Carmel, IN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

A robust forced dynamic sliding mode minimum energy position controller for permanent magnet synchronous motor drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a contribution towards improving the environment, a new position controller for vector controlled electric drives employing permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM) is presented that achieves approximately 27% less frictional energy loss than a ... Keywords: forced dynamic control, minimum energy manoeuvres, sliding mode control, synchronous motor drives

Stephen J. Dodds; Gunaratnam. Sooriyakumar; Roy Perryman

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Intelligent control for permanent magnet synchronous motor with improved particle swarm optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new intelligent controller for a permanent-magnet synchronous machine in a HEV (hybrid-electric vehicle) application. IPSO (Improved Particle Swarm Optimization) will be used to optimize three proportional parameters ka, ... Keywords: FLC, HEV, IPSO, PMSM, optimization, robustness

Song Zhengqiang; Hou Zhijian; Jiang Chuanwen

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Method and apparatus for sensorless operation of brushless permanent magnet motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A sensorless method and apparatus for providing commutation timing signals for a brushless permanent magnet motor extracts the third harmonic back-emf of a three-phase stator winding and independently cyclically integrates the positive and negative half-cycles thereof and compares the results to a reference level associated with a desired commutation angle. 23 figs.

Sriram, T.V.

1998-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

117

Design of Vertical Transportation System Driven by Permanent Magnet Linear Synchronous Motor Signal Acquisition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Permanent Magnet Linear Synchronous Motor(PMLSM) Vertical Transportation system is a new kind of ropeless hoisting system. In addition to the complications of dynamic state characteristic, the examination of some signals is also very difficult. In this ... Keywords: PMLSM, Signal Acquisition, Hardware Designs, Software

Wang Chang Li; Zhang You Dong; Zhao Liang

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Study on Control of Bearingless Permanent Magnet-Type Motor Synchronous Based on Fuzzy Adaptive Sliding Mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The bearingless permanent magnet-types synchronous motor is nonlinear and coupling complex system. On the basis of the full formula which express the coupling between suspension and rotor torque, parameters of the motor are discussed to the operation ... Keywords: bearingless permanent magnet-type synchronous motor, fuzzy adaptivity, sliding mode, chattering

Pengfei Li; Xinping Yan; Bo Yang; Huabin Wang

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Abstract--This paper presents an analysis by which the dynamic performances of a permanent magnet synchronous  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Permanent magnet synchronous motor; Speed control; Fuzzy; Sliding Mode. I. INTRODUCTION As a resultAbstract-- This paper presents an analysis by which the dynamic performances of a permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) motor is controlled through a hysteresis current loop and an outer speed loop

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

120

A peak power tracker for low-power permanent-magnet-synchronous-generator-based wind energy conversion systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of experimental investigation of a low-power wind energy conversion system (WECS), based on a permanent-magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) connected directly to the turbine. A test rig was built in order to carry out ... Keywords: hardware-in-the-loop simulation, maximum power point tracking, optimal control, permanent-magnet synchronous generator, wind system

C. Vlad; I. Munteanu; A. I. Bratcu; E. Ceanga

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

arXiv:1103.2923v1[math.OC]15Mar2011 Estimation of Saturation of Permanent-Magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

arXiv:1103.2923v1[math.OC]15Mar2011 Estimation of Saturation of Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Motors a parametric model of the saturated Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) together with an estimation: Permanent magnet synchronous motor, mag- netic circuit modeling, magnetic saturation, energy-based mod

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

122

Hybrid permanent magnet gradient dipoles for the recycler ring at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect

Hybrid permanent magnets provide the magnetic fields for an anti- proton storage ring which is under construction at Fermilab. Using a combined function lattice, gradient magnets provide the bending, focusing and sextupole correction for the regular cells. Shorter magnets without sextupole are used in dispersion suppressor cells. These magnets use a 4.7 m ( 3 m) long iron shell for flux return, bricks of 25.4 mm thick strontium ferrite supply the flux and transversely tapered iron poles separated by aluminum spacers set the shape of the magnetic field. Central fields of 0.14 T with gradients of {approx}6%/inch ({approx}13%/inch) are required. Field errors are expected to be less than 10{sup -4} of the bend field over an aperture of {+-}40 mm (horizontal) {times} {+-}20 mm (vertical). Design, procurement, fabrication, pole potential adjustment, field shape trimming and measured fields will be reported.

Brown, B.C.; Dimarco, J.; Foster, G.W.; Glass, H.D.; Haggard, J.E.; Harding, D.J.; Jackson, G.R.; May, M.R. Nicol, T.H.; Ostiguy, J.-F.; Schlabach, R.; Volk, J.T.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

FE Magnetic Field Analysis Simulation Models based Design, Development, Control and Testing of An Axial Flux Permanent Magnet Linear Oscillating Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract- Development, finite element(FE) analysis of magnetic field distribution, performance, control and testing of a new axial flux permanent magnet linear oscillating motor (PMLOM) along with a suitable speed and thrust control technique is described in this paper. The PMLOM can perform precision oscillation task without exceeding the given limit on allowable average power dissipation. The use of new powerful permanent magnet materials such as Neodymium-Iron-Boron alloys can greatly improve the performance of electrical machines. Also its performance parameters, such as the force, current etc. are experimentally assessed. The objective of this paper is to determine the forces for aluminium mover embedded with rare earth permanent magnet experimentally and analytically through FEMM software and develop a microcontroller based IGBT Inverter for its control. Index Terms- Axial flux machine, finite element analysis, microcontroller based IGBT inverter, permanent magnet linear oscillating motor, rare earth permanent magnet. I.

Govindaraj T; Prof Dr; Ashoke K. Ganguli

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Abstract --An exact two-dimensional (2-D) analytical model (AM) of slotless permanent magnet (PM) machines in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

machines, one always tries to minimize the magnet thickness, in order to minimize the cost of the motor andAbstract -- An exact two-dimensional (2-D) analytical model (AM) of slotless permanent magnet (PM at no-load operation. The authors show that, for a radial magnetization, there is an optimal magnet

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

125

REPM'10 -Proceedings of the 21st Workshop on Rare-Earth Permanent Magnets and their Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

86 Permanent Magnet Sources for Magnetic Refrigeration J. ROUDAUT1 , J.-P. YONNET1 , A. KEDOUS for magnetic refrigeration but it remains difficult to compare their performance. To overcome this issue some recent studies have proposed different magnet performance criteria and calculated the design performance

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

126

Carbon-Based Magnets: Discovery & Design of Novel Permanent Magnets using Non-strategic Elements having Secure Supply Chains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

REACT Project: VCU is developing a new magnet for use in renewable power generators and EV motors that requires no rare earth minerals. Rare earths are difficult and expensive to process, but they make electric motors and generators smaller, lighter, and more efficient. VCU would replace the rare earth minerals in EV motor magnets with a low-cost and abundant carbon-based compound that resembles a fine black powder. This new magnet could demonstrate the same level of performance as the best commercial magnets available today at a significantly lower cost. The ultimate goal of this project is to demonstrate this new magnet in a prototype electric motor.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Abstract --This paper deals a double layer and a single layer Flux-Switching Permanent Magnet (FSPM) motors for a fault  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Switching Permanent Magnet (FSPM) motors attract more and more attentions in the critical application as the Hybrid motor. DOUBLE AND SINGLE LAYERS FLUX-SWITCHING PERMANENT MAGNET MOTORS: FAULT TOLERANT MODELAbstract --This paper deals a double layer and a single layer Flux-Switching Permanent Magnet (FSPM

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

128

A 200 000 rpm, 2 kW Slotless Permanent Magnet Pierre-Daniel Pfister, Student Member IEEE and Yves Perriard, Senior Member IEEE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A 200 000 rpm, 2 kW Slotless Permanent Magnet Motor Pierre-Daniel Pfister, Student Member IEEE high speed (200 krpm, 2 kW) slotless permanent magnet motor, using an analytical model that reached 200 krpm. Index Terms--Very high speed, Slotless permanent magnet motor, Multiphysics analytical

Psaltis, Demetri

129

Radiation-Induced Demagnetization of Nd-Fe-B Permanent Magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LS-290 LS-290 Radiation-Induced Demagnetization of Nd-Fe-B Permanent Magnets J. Alderman and P.K. Job APS Operations Division Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory R.C. Martin, C.M. Simmons, and G.D. Owen Californium User Facility for Neutron Science Chemical Technology Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory J. Puhl Ionizing Radiation Division National Institute of Standards and Technology November 2000 work sponsored by U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Energy Research 1 Radiation-Induced Demagnetization of Nd-Fe-B Permanent Magnets J. Alderman and P.K. Job APS Operations Division Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory R.C. Martin, C.M. Simmons, and G. D. Owen Californium User Facility for Neutron Science

130

Axial Flux, Modular, Permanent-Magnet Generator with a Toroidal Winding for Wind Turbine Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CP-500-24996 Ÿ UC Category: 1213 CP-500-24996 Ÿ UC Category: 1213 Axial Flux, Modular, Permanent- Magnet Generator with a Toroidal Winding for Wind Turbine Applications E. Muljadi C.P. Butterfield Yih-Huei Wan National Wind Technology Center National Renewable Energy Laboratory Presented at IEEE Industry Applications Conference St. Louis, MO November 5-8, 1998 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard

131

Sensorless Speed Control of Permanent Magnet-Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motor (PMa-SynRM)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An interesting alternative for today's high efficiency variable speed drives is the Permanent Magnet-Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motor drive, which belongs to the family of brushless synchronous AC motor drives. Generally, the reluctance torque of this motor is significant compared to the Permanent Magnet electrical torque. The advantage of increased reluctance torque is the decreased need of expensive permanent magnet (PM) material, which makes this solution thus cheaper than the respective permanent magnet motor. Also due to its synchronous operation, sensorless rotational control is possible along with higher power factor and better efficiency compared to the induction motor (IM). Therefore, this thesis first deals with the implementation of a vector control strategy for speed control of the PMa-synRM motor that can be applied to a washing machine application. The machine is supplied by a current controlled voltage source PWM inverter to control the instantaneous stator currents which are decided by the reference speed. Secondly, the thesis focuses on the sensorless speed operation of the PMa-SynRM to take advantage of the lower costs as well as increased system reliability which otherwise is not possible using the delicate speed or position sensors. The concept involves estimation of the rotor speed and/or position. There are several speed estimation techniques proposed by researchers and among them the observer based technique is proven and commonly used in the industry. The only requirements of the observer system are a very fast signal processor, specialized and optimized to perform complex mathematical calculations. The feasibility and effectiveness of the control techniques are verified using the experimental results, implemented using the Texas Instruments TMS320F2812 eZDSP controller board and the overall motor drive system in the laboratory.

Chakali, Anil K.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Dynamic high pressure process for fabricating superconducting and permanent magnetic materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Shock wave formation of thin layers of materials with improved superconducting and permanent magnetic properties and improved microstructures is disclosed. The material fabrication system includes a sandwiched structure including a powder material placed between two solid members to enable explosive shock consolidation. The two solid members are precooled to about 80--100 K to reduce the residual temperatures attained as a result of the shock wave treatment, and thereby increase the quench rate of the consolidated powder. 9 figs.

Nellis, W.J.; Geballe, T.H.; Maple, M.B.

1990-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

133

Dynamic high pressure process for fabricating superconducting and permanent magnetic materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Shock wave formation of thin layers of materials with improved superconducting and permanent magnetic properties and improved microstructures. The material fabrication system includes a sandwiched structure including a powder material placed between two solid members to enable explosive shock consolidation. The two solid members are precooled to about 80.degree.-100.degree. K. to reduce the residual temperatures attained as a result of the shock wave treatment, and thereby increase the quench rate of the consolidated powder.

Nellis, William J. (Berkeley, CA); Geballe, Theodore H. (Woodside, CA); Maple, M. Brian (Del Mar, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Hybrid Electric Vehicle with Permanent Magnet Traction Motor: A Simulation Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simulation model for a hybrid electric vehicle is developed. Permanent magnet synchronous motor is considered for the drive part of the hybrid electric vehicle which comprises three energy sources: (i) a fuel cell, (ii) a battery bank, and (iii) a super capacitor. Rotor-oriented speed controller is designed, and also verified by simulation results, to achieve trajectory tracking requirements of the hybrid electric vehicle within the inverter voltage and current limits.

Levent U. Gkdere; Khalid Benlyazid; Enrico; Enrico Santi; Charles W. Brice; Roger A. Dougal

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Iron-Nickel-Based SuperMagnets: Multiscale Development of L10 Materials for Rare Earth-Free Permanent Magnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

REACT Project: Northeastern University will develop bulk quantities of rare-earth-free permanent magnets with an iron-nickel crystal structure for use in the electric motors of renewable power generators and EVs. These materials could offer magnetic properties that are equivalent to todays best commercial magnets, but with a significant cost reduction and diminished environmental impact. This iron-nickel crystal structure, which is only found naturally in meteorites and developed over billions of years in space, will be artificially synthesized by the Northeastern University team. Its material structure will be replicated with the assistance of alloying elements introduced to help it achieve superior magnetic properties. The ultimate goal of this project is to demonstrate bulk magnetic properties that can be fabricated at the industrial scale.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

An Improved Nuclear Vector Replacement Algorithm for Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Assignment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Improved Nuclear Vector Replacement Algorithm for Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Assignment to the Nuclear Vector Replacement (NVR) algorithm [24] for high-throughput Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR% accu- racy) on the same test suite examined in [24], and runs in O(n5/2 log (cn)) time where n

137

A Permanent-Magnet Microwave Ion Source for a Compact High-Yield Neutron Generator  

SciTech Connect

We present recent work on the development of a microwave ion source that will be used in a high-yield compact neutron generator for active interrogation applications. The sealed tube generator will be capable of producing high neutron yields, 5x1011 n/s for D-T and ~;;1x1010 n/s for D-D reactions, while remaining transportable. We constructed a microwave ion source (2.45 GHz) with permanent magnets to provide the magnetic field strength of 87.5 mT necessary for satisfying the electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) condition. Microwave ion sources can produce high extracted beam currents at the low gas pressures required for sealed tube operation and at lower power levels than previously used RF-driven ion sources. A 100 mA deuterium/tritium beam will be extracted through a large slit (60x6 mm2) to spread the beam power over a larger target area. This paper describes the design of the permanent-magnet microwave ion source and discusses the impact of the magnetic field design on the source performance. The required equivalent proton beam current density of 40 mA/cm2 was extracted at a moderate microwave power of 400 W with an optimized magnetic field.

Waldmann, Ole; Ludewigt, Bernhard

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

138

Optimal design of a high-speed slotless permanent magnet synchronous generator with soft magnetic composite stator yoke and rectifier load  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a specific design methodology of a DC generation system using a high-speed slotless generator with surface-mounted magnets and soft magnetic composite (SMC) stator yoke connected to a rectifier. The method is based on an analytical ... Keywords: Eddy currents, High-speed generation system, Optimal design, Permanent magnet machine, Soft magnetic composite material

Ahmed Chebak; Philippe Viarouge; Jrme Cros

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

The mechanical alignment of particles for use in fabricating superconducting and permanent magnetic materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Invention is related to the manufacture of high-quality mechanically aligned superconducting materials using oriented platelet-shaped powder particles, fibers, crystals, and other oriented forms of the recently discovered high-{Tc} class of superconducting ceramics, as well as other superconducting materials. It is also related to the use of these oriented materials in the manufacture of high quality permanent magnetic materials. This pretreatment optimizes the final crystallographic orientation and, thus, properties in these constructs. Such materials as superconducting fibers, needles and platelets are utilized. 11 figs.

Nellis, W.J.; Maple, M.B.

1990-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

140

A Machine Approach for Field Weakening of Permanent-Magnet Motors  

SciTech Connect

The commonly known technology of field weakening for permanent-magnet (PM) motors is achieved by controlling the direct-axis current component through an inverter, without using mechanical variation of the air gap, a new machine approach for field weakening of PM machines by direct control of air-gap fluxes is introduced. The demagnetization situation due to field weakening is not an issue with this new method. In fact, the PMs are strengthened at field weakening. The field-weakening ratio can reach 1O:1 or higher. This technology is particularly useful for the PM generators and electric vehicle drives.

Hsu, J.S.

2000-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Manganese-Aluminum-Based Magnets: Nanocrystalline t-MnAI Permanent Magnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

REACT Project: Dartmouth is developing specialized alloys with magnetic properties superior to the rare earths used in todays best magnets. EVs and renewable power generators typically use rare earths to turn the axles in their electric motors due to the magnetic strength of these minerals. However, rare earths are difficult and expensive to refine. Dartmouth will swap rare earths for a manganese-aluminum alloy that could demonstrate better performance and cost significantly less. The ultimate goal of this project is to develop an easily scalable process that enables the widespread use of low-cost and abundant materials for the magnets used in EVs and renewable power generators.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Design and Analysis of a Nested Halbach Permanent Magnet Magnetic Refrigerator.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A technology with the potential to create efficient and compact refrigeration devices is an active magnetic regenerative refrigerator (AMRR). AMRRs exploit the magnetocaloric effect displayed (more)

Tura, Armando

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Design Procedure for a Very High Speed Slotless Permanent Magnet Motor Pierre-Daniel Pfister, Student Member, IEEE and Yves Perriard, Senior Member, IEEE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design Procedure for a Very High Speed Slotless Permanent Magnet Motor Pierre-Daniel Pfister speed slotless permanent magnet motor design procedure using an analyti- cal model. The multiphysics magnet (PM) motors are increasingly demanded on the market [1]. In a VHS motor, the different parts

Psaltis, Demetri

144

This work presents an improved variant of the Direct Torque Control (DTC) for a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM). The improved DTC use a higher  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM). The improved DTC use a higher number of voltage space vectors;Contents I Introduction 5 Chapter 1 Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor 6 1.1 Derivation of motor equations Voltage Source Inverter PMSM Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor 4 #12;I. Introduction Direct Torque

Johansson, Karl Henrik

145

NMR system and method having a permanent magnet providing a rotating magnetic field  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed herein are systems and methods for generating a rotating magnetic field. The rotating magnetic field can be used to obtain rotating-field NMR spectra, such as magic angle spinning spectra, without having to physically rotate the sample. This result allows magic angle spinning NMR to be conducted on biological samples such as live animals, including humans.

Schlueter, Ross D [Berkeley, CA; Budinger, Thomas F [Berkeley, CA

2009-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

146

Manganese-Based Magnets: Manganese-Based Permanent Magnet with 40 MGOe at 200C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

REACT Project: PNNL is working to reduce the cost of wind turbines and EVs by developing a manganese-based nano-composite magnet that could serve as an inexpensive alternative to rare-earth-based magnets. The manganese composite, made from low-cost and abundant materials, could exceed the performance of todays most powerful commercial magnets at temperature higher than 200C. Members of PNNLs research team will leverage comprehensive computer high-performance supercomputer modeling and materials testing to meet this objective. Manganese-based magnets could withstand higher temperatures than their rare earth predecessors and potentially reduce the need for any expensive, bulky engine cooling systems for the motor and generator. This would further contribute to cost savings for both EVs and wind turbines.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Carbide/nitride grain refined rare earth-iron-boron permanent magnet and method of making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of making a permanent magnet wherein 1) a melt is formed having a base alloy composition comprising RE, Fe and/or Co, and B (where RE is one or more rare earth elements) and 2) TR (where TR is a transition metal selected from at least one of Ti, Zr, Hf, V, Nb, Ta, Cr, Mo, W, and Al) and at least one of C and N are provided in the base alloy composition melt in substantially stoichiometric amounts to form a thermodynamically stable compound (e.g. TR carbide, nitride or carbonitride). The melt is rapidly solidified in a manner to form particulates having a substantially amorphous (metallic glass) structure and a dispersion of primary TRC, TRN and/or TRC/N precipitates. The amorphous particulates are heated above the crystallization temperature of the base alloy composition to nucleate and grow a hard magnetic phase to an optimum grain size and to form secondary TRC, TRN and/or TRC/N precipitates dispersed at grain boundaries. The crystallized particulates are consolidated at an elevated temperature to form a shape. During elevated temperature consolidation, the primary and secondary precipitates act to pin the grain boundaries and minimize deleterious grain growth that is harmful to magnetic properties.

McCallum, R. William (Ames, IA); Branagan, Daniel J. (Ames, IA)

1996-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

148

Development of a Direct Drive Permanent Magnet Generator for Small Wind Turbines  

SciTech Connect

In this program, TIAX performed the conceptual design and analysis of an innovative, modular, direct-drive permanent magnet generator (PMG) for use in small wind turbines that range in power rating from 25 kW to 100 kW. TIAX adapted an approach that has been successfully demonstrated in high volume consumer products such as direct-drive washing machines and portable generators. An electromagnetic model was created and the modular PMG design was compared to an illustrative non-modular design. The resulting projections show that the modular design can achieve significant reductions in size, weight, and manufacturing cost without compromising efficiency. Reducing generator size and weight can also lower the size and weight of other wind turbine components and hence their manufacturing cost.

Chertok, Allan; Hablanian, David; McTaggart, Paul; DOE Project Officer - Keith Bennett

2004-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

149

Multilevel DC Link Inverter for Brushless Permanent Magnet Motors with Very Low Inductance  

SciTech Connect

Due to their long effective air gaps, permanent magnet motors tend to have low inductance. The use of ironless stator structure in present high power PM motors (several tens of kWs) reduces the inductance even further (< 100 {micro}H). This low inductance imposes stringent current regulation demands for the inverter to obtain acceptable current ripple. An analysis of the current ripple for these low inductance brushless PM motors shows that a standard inverter with the most commonly used IGBT switching devices cannot meet the current regulation demands and will produce unacceptable current ripples due to the IGBT's limited switching frequency. This paper introduces a new multilevel dc link inverter, which can dramatically reduce the current ripple for brushless PM motor drives. The operating principle and design guidelines are included.

Su, G.J.

2001-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

150

Original article: Bi-criteria optimization design of an interior permanent magnet synchronous machine for a hybrid electric vehicle application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main focus of this study is to provide a new calculation method of power losses in electrical machine, including copper losses and iron losses at load. This calculation is applied not only for an operating point of the machine but also for thousands ... Keywords: Flux-weakening, Hybrid electric vehicle, Iron loss, Optimization design, Permanent magnet synchronous machine

Phi Hung Nguyen, Emmanuel Hoang, Mohamed Gabsi

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

0-7803-9280-9/05/$20.00 2005 IEEE. 603 Design of a High-Speed Permanent Magnet Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a 500 W permanent magnet (PM) machine used to drive the air- compressor of a 5 kW fuel cell (FC machine presented in this paper have theoretically more than 25 % of its working area with an efficiency (oxygen) supply, which often consists of compressor, possibly coupled to a turbine; - the humidifier

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

152

Design of low-power permanent-magnet synchronous motor for use in high-density heat pump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analytical model for the functionality of a permanent-magnet synchronous motor is developed. Taking as input a specific geometry, it predicts steady-state losses of a design at an average rate of 0.85 seconds per analysis, ...

Jenicek, David P. (David Pierre)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Original article: Lumped-parameter-based thermal analysis of a doubly radial forced-air-cooled direct-driven permanent magnet wind generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A lumped-parameter-based thermal analysis of a direct-driven permanent magnet wind generator with double radial forced-air cooling is presented. In the proposed thermal model, the thermal conduction and convection as well as the heating of the cooling ... Keywords: Air cooling, Permanent magnet synchronous generator, Thermal analysis, Thermal resistance networks

Janne Nerg, Vesa Ruuskanen

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Noise reduction control strategy of a permanent magnet synchronous machine for vehicle applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this work was to investigate a permanent magnet synchronous machine which will be produced by an industry partner of the Institut fr Stromrichtertechnik und Elektrische Antriebe (ISEA) an institute of the Rheinisch Westflisch Technische Hochschule - Aachen, Germany (RWTH). The machine manufacturer noted certain abnormalities with the frequency spectrum produced by an electric machine that they were developing; this problem was brought to ISEA in order to be investigated. My work continues the work of my supervisor, Dipl.- Ing Matthias Bsing, and seeks to further examine the machine for a much wider range of operating points, determine the relationship between current amplitude, harmonics, control angle and rotor position on radial force components of the machine and therefore stresses on the stator; which are the primary causes of electrical machine noise. Rather than investigate acoustic issues in particular, the study was limited to the study of electromagnetically generated radial force ripple, which is the cause of stator deflection modes and therefore the emission of sound waves. The primary results of this thesis researched the operation of a permanent magnet synchronous machine and described its behavior with regards to force, torque, and force and torque ripple and their spectrums versus numerous parameters, including control angle, secant current and rotor position. Next, the work used provided data, literature and the simulation results for this thesis in order to deconstruct the operation regions of the particular machine and therefore link the causes of particular noise spectral components to the operation of the machine. From this it was possible to identify potential ways to eliminate these areas of noise. Following this, the thesis examined a particular abnormality in the torque and force waveforms produced by the machine and devised actions which could correct this abnormality. After identifying this asymmetry, the work explored how to choose an optimal control strategy for eliminating particular harmonics based on the simulated operating points and a desired command torque. Finally, the research built on the previous work by supplementing the method of current harmonic injection for eliminating radial force harmonics in this machine, with a method of determining an optimal operating point before the injection currents are calculated.

Doolittle, Randy Gene

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Direct torque control of permanent magnet synchronous motors with non-sinusoidal back-EMF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work presents the direct torque control (DTC) techniques, implemented in four- and six-switch inverter, for brushless dc (BLDC) motors with non-sinusoidal back- EMF using two and three-phase conduction modes. First of all, the classical direct torque control of permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) with sinusoidal back-EMF is discussed in detail. Secondly, the proposed two-phase conduction mode for DTC of BLDC motors is introduced in the constant torque region. In this control scheme, only two phases conduct at any instant of time using a six-switch inverter. By properly selecting the inverter voltage space vectors of the two-phase conduction mode from a simple look-up table the desired quasi-square wave current is obtained. Therefore, it is possible to achieve DTC of a BLDC motor drive with faster torque response while the stator flux linkage amplitude is deliberately kept almost constant by ignoring the flux control in the constant torque region. Third, the avarege current controlled boost power factor correction (PFC) method is applied to the previously discussed proposed DTC of BLDC motor drive in the constant torque region. The test results verify that the proposed PFC for DTC of BLDC motor drive improves the power factor from 0.77 to about 0.9997 irrespective of the load. Fourth, the DTC technique for BLDC motor using four-switch inverter in the constant torque region is studied. For effective torque control in two phase conduction mode, a novel switching pattern incorporating the voltage vector look-up table is designed and implemented for four-switch inverter to produce the desired torque characteristics. As a result, it is possible to achieve two-phase conduction DTC of a BLDC motor drive using four-switch inverter with faster torque response due to the fact that the voltage space vectors are directly controlled.. Finally, the position sensorless direct torque and indirect flux control (DTIFC) of BLDC motor with non-sinusoidal back-EMF has been extensively investigated using three-phase conduction scheme with six-switch inverter. In this work, a novel and simple approach to achieve a low-frequency torque ripple-free direct torque control with maximum efficiency based on dq reference frame similar to permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) drives is presented.

Ozturk, Salih Baris

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

16,000-rpm Interior Permanent Magnet Reluctance Machine with Brushless Field Excitation  

SciTech Connect

The reluctance interior permanent magnet (RIPM) motor is currently used by many leading auto manufacturers for hybrid vehicles. The power density for this type of motor is high compared with that of induction motors and switched reluctance motors. The primary drawback of the RIPM motor is the permanent magnet (PM) because during high-speed operation, the fixed PM produces a huge back electromotive force (emf) that must be reduced before the current will pass through the stator windings. This reduction in back-emf is accomplished with a significant direct-axis (d-axis) demagnetization current, which opposes the PM's flux to reduce the flux seen by the stator wires. This may lower the power factor and efficiency of the motor and raise the requirement on the alternate current (ac) power supply; consequently, bigger inverter switching components, thicker motor winding conductors, and heavier cables are required. The direct current (dc) link capacitor is also affected when it must accommodate heavier harmonic currents. It is commonly agreed that, for synchronous machines, the power factor can be optimized by varying the field excitation to minimize the current. The field produced by the PM is fixed and cannot be adjusted. What can be adjusted is reactive current to the d-axis of the stator winding, which consumes reactive power but does not always help to improve the power factor. The objective of this project is to avoid the primary drawbacks of the RIPM motor by introducing brushless field excitation (BFE). This offers both high torque per ampere (A) per core length at low speed by using flux, which is enhanced by increasing current to a fixed excitation coil, and flux, which is weakened at high speed by reducing current to the excitation coil. If field weakening is used, the dc/dc boost converter used in a conventional RIPM motor may be eliminated to reduce system costs. However, BFE supports a drive system with a dc/dc boost converter, because it can further extend the constant power speed range of the drive system and adjust the field for power factor and efficiency gains. Lower core losses at low torque regions, especially at high speeds, are attained by reducing the field excitation. Safety and reliability are increased by weakening the field when a winding short-circuit fault occurs, preventing damage to the motor. For a high-speed motor operating at 16,000-revolutions per minute (rpm), mechanical stress is a challenge. Bridges that link the rotor punching segments together must be thickened for mechanical integrity; consequently, increased rotor flux leakage significantly lowers motor performance. This barrier can be overcome by BFE to ensure sufficient rotor flux when needed.

Hsu, J.S.; Burress, T.A.; Lee, S.T.; Wiles, R.H.; Coomer, C.L.; McKeever, J.W.; Adams, D.J.

2007-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

157

Control of Two Permanent Magnet Machines Using a Five-Leg Inverter for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents digital control schemes for control of two permanent magnet (PM) machines in an integrated traction and air-conditioning compressor drive system for automotive applications. The integrated drive system employs a five-leg inverter to power a three-phase traction PM motor and a two-phase compressor PM motor by tying the common terminal of the two-phase motor to the neutral point of the three-phase motor. Compared to a three-phase or a standalone two-phase inverter, it eliminates one phase leg and shares the control electronics between the two drives, thus significantly reducing the component count of the compressor drive. To demonstrate that the speed and torque of the two PM motors can be controlled independently, a control strategy was implemented in a digital signal processor, which includes a rotor flux field orientation based control (RFOC) for the three-phase motor, a similar RFOC and a position sensorless control in the brushless dc (BLDC) mode for the two-phase motor. Control implementation issues unique to a two-phase PM motor are also discussed. Test results with the three-phase motor running in the ac synchronous (ACS) mode while the two-phase motor either in the ACS or the BLDC mode are included to verify the independent speed and torque control capability of the integrated drive.

Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL; Tang, Lixin [ORNL; Huang, Xianghui [GE Global Research

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Evaluation of performance and magnetic characteristics of a radial-radial flux compound-structure permanent-magnet synchronous machine used for hybrid electric vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A breed of compound-structure permanent-magnet synchronous machine (CS-PMSM) is used for power-split hybrid electric vehicles(HEVs). It can help to fulfill both the speed and torque control of the internal combustion engine and

Ping Zheng; Ranran Liu; Lin Shen; Lina Li; Weiguang Fan; Qian Wu; Jing Zhao

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Radial-Gap Permanent Magnet Motor and Drive Research FY 2004  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this task was to study permanent magnet (PM) radial-gap traction drive systems that could meet the U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR Program's 2010 goals to expose weaknesses or identify strengths. Initially, the approach was to compare attributes such as physical deformations during operation, performance (torque, power, efficiency versus speed), material requirements (strength), material costs, manufacturability, weight, power density, specific power, reliability, and drivability for specific motors. Three motors selected were the commercially available 60-kW radial-gap surface-mounted PM motor manufactured by UQM Technologies, Inc.; a hypothetical PM motor with rotor-supported magnets similar to the Honda MCF-21; and Delphi's automotive electric machine drive motor, whose rotor is a ferromagnetic cylinder, held at one end by a shaft that supports the magnets on its inner surface. Potential problems have appeared related to PM motors, such as (1) high no-load spin losses and high operational power losses, probably from eddy current losses in the rotor; (2) the undemonstrated dual mode inverter control (DMIC) for driving a brushless dc motor (BDCM) (UQM and Delphi motors); (3) uncertainty about the potential for reducing current with DMIC; and (4) uncertainty about the relation between material requirements and maximum rotor speed. Therefore, the approach was changed to study in detail three of the comparison attributes: drivability, performance, and material requirements. Drivability and related problems were examined by demonstrating that DMIC may be used to drive an 18-pole 30-kW PM motor to 6000 rpm, where the maximum electrical frequency is 900 Hz. An available axial-gap test motor with 18 poles was used because its control is identical to that of a radial gap PM motor. Performance was analytically examined, which led to a derivation showing that DMIC controls a PM motor so that the motor uses minimum current to produce any power regardless of speed for relative speeds, n = {omega}/{omega}{sub base} {ge} 2. Performance was also examined with efficiency measurements during the 30-kW PM motor test. Material requirements were examined with finite-element analyses (FEA) to determine the speed and location where yield starts and the corresponding deformations and stresses.

McKeever, J.W.

2005-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

160

A Novel Current Angle Control Scheme in a Current Source Inverter Fed Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drive for Automotive Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes a novel speed control scheme to operate a current source inverter (CSI) driven surface-mounted permanent magnet synchronous machine (SPMSM) for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) applications. The idea is to use the angle of the current vector to regulate the rotor speed while keeping the two dc-dc converter power switches on all the time to boost system efficiency. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme was verified with a 3 kW CSI-SPMSM drive prototype.

Tang, Lixin [ORNL; Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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161

DSP-Based Sensor-less Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Driver With Quasi-Sine PWM for Air-Conditioner Rotary Compressor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presented a sensor-less permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) driver for controlling air-conditioner rotary compressor speed. In this thesis, a quasi-sine pulse-width modulation (PWM) (more)

Liu, Li-hsiang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Control of Surface Mounted Permanent Magnet Motors with Special Application to Fractional-Slot Concentrated Windings  

SciTech Connect

It is well known that the ability of the permanent magnet synchronous machine (PMSM) to operate over a wide constant power speed range (CPSR) is dependent upon the machine inductance [1,2,3,4,5]. Early approaches for extending CPSR operation included adding supplementary inductance in series with the motor [1] and the use of anti-parallel thyristor pairs in series with the motor-phase windings [5]. The increased inductance method is compatible with a voltage-source inverter (VSI) controlled by pulse-width modulation (PWM) which is called the conventional phase advance (CPA) method. The thyristor method has been called the dual mode inverter control (DMIC). Neither of these techniques has met with wide acceptance since they both add cost to the drive system and have not been shown to have an attractive cost/benefit ratio. Recently a method has been developed to use fractional-slot concentrated windings to significantly increase the machine inductance [6]. This latest approach has the potential to make the PMSM compatible with CPA without supplemental external inductance. If the performance of such drive is acceptable, then the method may make the PMSM an attractive option for traction applications requiring a wide CPSR. A 30 pole, 6 kW, 6000 maximum revolutions per minute (rpm) prototype of the fractional-slot PMSM design has been developed [7]. This machine has significantly more inductance than is typical of regular PMSMs. The prototype is to be delivered in late 2005 to the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for testing and development of a suitable controller. In advance of the test/control development effort, ORNL has used the PMSM models developed over a number of previous studies to study the steady-state performance of high-inductance PMSM machines with a view towards control issues. The detailed steady-state model developed includes all motor and inverter-loss mechanisms and will be useful in assessing the performance of the dynamic controller to be developed in future work. This report documents the results of this preliminary investigation.

Lawler, J.S.

2005-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

163

Axial-flux modular permanent-magnet generator with a toroidal winding for wind-turbine applications  

SciTech Connect

Permanent-magnet (PM) generators have been used for wind turbines for many years. Many small wind-turbine manufacturers use direct-drive PM generators. For wind-turbine generators, the design philosophy must cover the following characteristics: low cost, light weight, low speed, high torque, and variable-speed generation. The generator is easy to manufacture and the design can be scaled up for a larger size without major retooling. A modular PM generator with axial flux direction was chosen. The permanent magnet used is NdFeB or ferrite magnet with flux guide to focus flux density in the air gap. Each unit module of the generator may consist of one, two, or more phases. Each generator can be expanded to two or more unit modules. Each unit module is built from simple modular poles. The stator winding is formed like a torus. Thus, the assembly process is simplified and the winding insertion in the slot is less tedious. The authors built a prototype of one unit module and performed preliminary tests in the laboratory. Follow-up tests will be conducted in the laboratory to improve the design.

Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Wan, Y.H.

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Dynamic high pressure process for fabricating superconducting and permanent magnetic materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Shock wave formation of superconductive ceramic oxide electric and magnetic circuit elements with improved microstructures and mechanical properties. 10 figs.

Nellis, W.J.; Maple, M.B.; Geballe, T.H.

1987-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

165

Study of the Advantages of Internal Permanent Magnet Drive Motor with Selectable Windings for Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This report describes research performed on the viability of changing the effectively active number of turns in the stator windings of an internal permanent magnet (IPM) electric motor to strengthen or weaken the magnetic fields in order to optimize the motor's performance at specific operating speeds and loads. Analytical and simulation studies have been complemented with research on switching mechanisms to accomplish the task. The simulation studies conducted examine the power and energy demands on a vehicle following a series of standard driving cycles and the impact on the efficiency and battery size of an electrically propelled vehicle when it uses an IPM motor with turn-switching capabilities. Both full driving cycle electric propulsion and propulsion limited starting from zero to a set speed have been investigated.

Otaduy, P.J.; Hsu, J.S.; Adams, D.J.

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

166

Ultra-high speed permanent magnet axial gap alternator with multiple stators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-high speed, axial gap alternator that can provide an output to a plurality of loads, the alternator providing magnetic isolation such that operating conditions in one load will not affect operating conditions of another load. This improved alternator uses a rotor member disposed between a pair of stator members, with magnets disposed in each of the rotor member surfaces facing the stator members. The magnets in one surface of the rotor member, which alternate in polarity, are isolated from the magnets in the other surface of the rotor member by a disk of magnetic material disposed between the two sets of magents. In the preferred embodiment, this disk of magnetic material is laminated between two layers of non-magnetic material that support the magnets, and the magnetic material has a peripheral rim that extends to both surfaces of the rotor member to enhance the structural integrity. The stator members are substantially conventional in construction in that equally-spaced and radially-oriented slots are provided, and winding members are laid in these slots. A unit with multiple rotor members and stator members is also described.

Hawsey, Robert A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Bailey, J. Milton (Knoxville, TN)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

The use of a permanent magnet for water content measurements of wood chips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Content Measurements of Wood Chips * P. J. Barale, C.measures the water content of wood chips, pulp and brownwater content measurements in wood chips in a magnetic field

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Power-Factor Calculation under Consideration of Cross Saturation of the Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation  

SciTech Connect

This paper introduces a new method for calculating the power factor with consideration of the cross saturation between the direct-axis (d-axis) and the quadrature-axis (q-axis) of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM). The conventional two-axis IPMSM model is modified to include the cross-saturation effect by adding the cross-coupled inductance terms. This paper also contains the new method of calculating the cross-coupled inductance values as well as self-inductance values in d- and q-axes. The analyzed motor is a high-speed brushless field excitation machine that offers high torque per ampere per core length at low speed and weakened flux at high speed, which was developed for the traction motor of a hybrid electric vehicle.

Lee, Seong T [ORNL; Burress, Timothy A [ORNL; Hsu, John S [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Original articles: Optimal current waveforms for torque control of permanent magnet synchronous machines with any number of phases in open circuit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polyphase permanent magnet synchronous motors are well suited for electromechanical actuation systems demanding a high level of reliability. They are indeed able to run on a reduced number of phases and therefore to make the actuation system fault tolerant. ... Keywords: Fault tolerance, Open phase fault, Optimal currents, Polyphase motor

F. Baudart, E. Matagne, B. Dehez, F. Labrique

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

The Lyapunov-based controller with a passive nonlinear observer to improve position tracking performance of microstepping in permanent magnet stepper motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new approach to position control based on microstepping for the current regulation of permanent magnet stepper motor (PMSM), which consists of a Lyapunov-based controller and a passive nonlinear observer for output feedback controller design. ... Keywords: Lyapunov methods, Microstepping, Output feedback, Passive nonlinear observer, Stepper motor

Wonhee Kim; Donghoon Shin; Chung Choo Chung

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Study of Various Slanted Air-Gap Structures of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation  

SciTech Connect

This paper shows how to maximize the effect of the slanted air-gap structure of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor with brushless field excitation (BFE) for application in a hybrid electric vehicle. The BFE structure offers high torque density at low speed and weakened flux at high speed. The unique slanted air-gap is intended to increase the output torque of the machine as well as to maximize the ratio of the back-emf of a machine that is controllable by BFE. This irregularly shaped air-gap makes a flux barrier along the d-axis flux path and decreases the d-axis inductance; as a result, the reluctance torque of the machine is much higher than a uniform air-gap machine, and so is the output torque. Also, the machine achieves a higher ratio of the magnitude of controllable back-emf. The determination of the slanted shape was performed by using magnetic equivalent circuit analysis and finite element analysis (FEA).

Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Lee, Seong T [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Enhanced production of ECR plasma by using pulse mode microwaves on a large bore ECRIS with permanent magnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to enhance the efficiency of an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma for a broad and dense ion beam source at low pressure, the magnetic field configuration is constructed by all permanent magnets. By using the pulse mode, we aim at the generation of plasma with parameters that cannot be achieved in the CW mode at microwave frequencies of 11-13GHz, under the constraint of the same average incident microwave powers. It is found that the total beam currents are increased by the pulse mode operation compared with the case of the CW mode. According to probe measurements of the ECR plasma, it is found that the electron density in the pulse mode is larger than that in the CW mode, while the electron temperatures in the pulse mode are lower than that in the CW mode. These results are discussed from the viewpoint of relaxation times obtained on plasma parameters and ECR efficiency. The cause of the beam current increment and operational windows spread due to the pulse mode are also discussed on these parameters suitable to production of molecular/cluster ions.

Kato, Yushi; Kiriyama, Ryutaro; Takenaka, Tomoya; Kurisu, Yosuke; Nozaki, Dai; Yano, Keisuke; Sato, Fuminobu; Iida, Toshiyuki [Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Univ., 2-1 Ymadaoka, Suita-shi, Osaka, 565-0871 (Japan)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

173

Analytical modeling of eddy-current losses caused by pulse-width-modulation switching in permanent-magnet brushless direct-current motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because of their high efficiency and power density the PM brushless dc motor is a strong candidate for electric and hybrid vehicle propulsion systems. An analytical approach is developed to predict the inverter high frequency pulse width modulation (PWM) switching caused eddy-current losses in a permanent magnet brushless dc motor. The model uses polar coordinates to take curvature effects into account, and is also capable of including the space harmonic effect of the stator magnetic field and the stator lamination effect on the losses. The model was applied to an existing motor design and was verified with the finite element method. Good agreement was achieved between the two approaches. Hence, the model is expected to be very helpful in predicting PWM switching losses in permanent magnet machine design.

Deng, F. [General Motors Corp., Flint, MI (United States). Delphi-Energy and Engine Management Systems] [General Motors Corp., Flint, MI (United States). Delphi-Energy and Engine Management Systems; Nehl, T.W. [General Motors Corp., Warren, MI (United States). Research and Development Center] [General Motors Corp., Warren, MI (United States). Research and Development Center

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Contol of Surface Mounted Permanent Magnet Motors with Special Application to Motors with Fractional-Slot Concentrated Windings  

SciTech Connect

A 30-pole, 6-kW prototype of a fractional-slot permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) design has been developed to operate at a maximum speed of 6000 rpm [1,2]. This machine has significantly more inductance than regular PMSMs with distributed windings. The prototype was delivered in April 2006 to the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for testing and development of a suitable controller. To prepare for this test/control development effort, ORNL used PMSM models developed over a number of previous studies to preview the control issues that arise when a dynamic controller drives a high inductance PMSM machine during steady state performance evaluations. The detailed steady state model developed includes all motor and inverter loss mechanisms and was useful for assessing the performance of the dynamic controller before it was put into operation. This report documents the results of tests demonstrating the effectiveness of ORNL's simple low-cost control scheme during characterization of the fractional-slot concentrated windings (FSCW) PMSM motor. The control scheme is simple because only the supply voltage magnitude and the phase angle between the back-electromotive force (emf) and the supply voltage is controlled. It is low-cost because it requires no current or phase voltage sensors.

Patil, N.; Lawler, J.S.; McKeever, J.

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

175

Contol of Surface Mounted Permanent Magnet Motors with Special Application to Motors with Fractional-Slot Concentrated Windings  

SciTech Connect

A 30-pole, 6-kW prototype of a fractional-slot permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) design has been developed to operate at a maximum speed of 6000 rpm [1,2]. This machine has significantly more inductance than regular PMSMs with distributed windings. The prototype was delivered in April 2006 to the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for testing and development of a suitable controller. To prepare for this test/control development effort, ORNL used PMSM models developed over a number of previous studies to preview the control issues that arise when a dynamic controller drives a high inductance PMSM machine during steady state performance evaluations. The detailed steady state model developed includes all motor and inverter loss mechanisms and was useful for assessing the performance of the dynamic controller before it was put into operation. This report documents the results of tests demonstrating the effectiveness of ORNL's simple low-cost control scheme during characterization of the fractional-slot concentrated windings (FSCW) PMSM motor. The control scheme is simple because only the supply voltage magnitude and the phase angle between the back-electromotive force (emf) and the supply voltage is controlled. It is low-cost because it requires no current or phase voltage sensors.

Patil, N.; Lawler, J.S.; McKeever, J.

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

176

J. SOULARD, B. MULTON, J. LUCIDARME, M. LCRIVAIN, L. PRVOND, Modelling, Analysis of Parameters and Tests of a Small Electronically Commutated Single-Phase Permanent-Magnet Reluctance Motor. , ICEM'96, Vigo, 10-12 sept. 96, Vol.2, pp.45-50.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Tests of a Small Electronically Commutated Single-Phase Permanent-Magnet Reluctance Motor. », ICEM'96 Electronically Commutated Single-Phase Permanent Magnet Reluctance Motor J. SOULARD, B. MULTON, J. LUCIDARME, M is to evaluate the field flux in a small electronically commutated single-phase permanent magnet reluctance motor

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

177

Performance evaluation of a permanent magnet brushless DC linear drive for high-speed machining using finite element analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: FEA, coupled magneto-thermal, electric field, electromagnetic, linear motor drives, magnetic field, static

George Abdou; William Tereshkovich

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Experimental Approach of a High Performance Control of Two PermanentMagnet Synchronous Machines in an Integrated Drive for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect

The close-loop digital signal processor (DSP) control of an integrated-dual inverter, which is able to drive two permanent magnet (PM) motors independently, is presented and evaluated experimentally. By utilizing the neutral point of the main traction motor, only two inverter poles are needed for the two-phase auxiliary motor. The modified field-oriented control scheme for this integrated inverter was introduced and employed in real-time control. The experimental results show the inverter is able to control two drives independently. An integrated, component count reduced drive is achieved.

Tang, Lixin [ORNL; Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Electro-mechanical energy conversion system having a permanent ...  

Electro-mechanical energy conversion system having a permanent magnet machine with stator, resonant transfer link and energy converter controls

180

Control of Surface Mounted Permanent Magnet Motors with Special Application to Fractional-Slot Motors with Concentrated Windings  

SciTech Connect

A 30 pole, 6 kW, and 6000 maximum revolutions per minute (rpm) prototype of the permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) with fractional-slot concentrated windings (FSCW) has been designed, built, and tested at the University of Wisconsin at Madison (UWM). This machine has significantly more inductance than that of regular PMSMs. The prototype was delivered in April 2006 to the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for testing and development of a controller that will achieve maximum efficiency. In advance of the test/control development effort, ORNL has used the PMSM models developed over a number of previous studies to study how steady state performance of high inductance PMSM machines relates to control issues. This report documents the results of this research. The amount of inductance that enables the motor to achieve infinite constant power speed ratio (CPSR) is given by L{sub {infinity}} = E{sub b}/{Omega}{sub b}I{sub R}, where E{sub b} is the root-mean square (rms) magnitude of the line-to-neutral back-electromotive force (emf) at base speed, {Omega}{sub b} is the base speed in electrical radians per second, and I{sub R} is the rms current rating of the motor windings. The prototype machine that was delivered to ORNL has about 1.5 times as much inductance as a typical PMSM with distributed integral slot windings. The inventors of the FSCW method, who designed the prototype machine, remarked that they were 'too successful' in incorporating inductance into their machine and that steps would be taken to modify the design methodology to reduce the inductance to the optimum value. This study shows a significant advantage of having the higher inductance rather than the optimal value because it enables the motor to develop the required power at lower current thereby reducing motor and inverter losses and improving efficiency. The main problem found with high inductance machines driven by a conventional phase advance (CPA) method is that the motor current at high speed depends solely on machine parameters and is virtually independent of the load level and the direct current (dc) supply voltage. Thus, the motor current is virtually the same at no load as at full load resulting in poor efficiency at less than full load conditions. While an inductance higher than the value cited above is warranted, it still does not ensure that the motor current is proportional to load; consequently, the problem of low efficiency at high speed and partial load is not resolved but is only mitigated. A common definition of 'base speed' is the speed at which the voltage applied to the motor armature is equal to the magnitude of the back-emf. The results in this study indicate that the dc supply voltage should be adequate to drive rated current into the motor winding at the specified base speed. At a minimum this requires sufficient voltage to overcome not only the back-emf but also the voltage drop across the internal impedance of the machine. For a high inductance PMSM, the internal impedance at base speed can be considerable and substantial additional voltage is required to overcome the internal voltage drop. It is further shown that even more voltage than the minimum required for injecting rated current at base speed can be beneficial by allowing the required power to be developed at lower current, which reduces losses in the motor and inverter components. Further, it is shown that the current is minimized at a unique speed; consequently, there may be room for optimization if the drive spends a substantial amount of its operating life at a certain speed (for example 60 mph). In this study, fundamental frequency phasor models are developed for a synchronous PMSM and the control systems that drive them is CPA. The models were compared with detailed simulations to show their validity. The result was used to design a traction drive control system with optimized efficiency to drive the fractional-slot motor with concentrated windings. The goal is to meet or exceed the FreedomCAR inverter cost and performance targets.

McKeever, John W [ORNL; Patil, Niranjan [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Lawler, Jack [ORNL

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Control of Surface Mounted Permanent Magnet Motors with Special Application to Fractional-Slot Motors with Concentrated Windings  

SciTech Connect

A 30 pole, 6 kW, and 6000 maximum revolutions per minute (rpm) prototype of the permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) with fractional-slot concentrated windings (FSCW) has been designed, built, and tested at the University of Wisconsin at Madison (UWM). This machine has significantly more inductance than that of regular PMSMs. The prototype was delivered in April 2006 to the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for testing and development of a controller that will achieve maximum efficiency. In advance of the test/control development effort, ORNL has used the PMSM models developed over a number of previous studies to study how steady state performance of high inductance PMSM machines relates to control issues. This report documents the results of this research. The amount of inductance that enables the motor to achieve infinite constant power speed ratio (CPSR) is given by L{sub {infinity}} = E{sub b}/{Omega}{sub b}I{sub R}, where E{sub b} is the root-mean square (rms) magnitude of the line-to-neutral back-electromotive force (emf) at base speed, {Omega}{sub b} is the base speed in electrical radians per second, and I{sub R} is the rms current rating of the motor windings. The prototype machine that was delivered to ORNL has about 1.5 times as much inductance as a typical PMSM with distributed integral slot windings. The inventors of the FSCW method, who designed the prototype machine, remarked that they were 'too successful' in incorporating inductance into their machine and that steps would be taken to modify the design methodology to reduce the inductance to the optimum value. This study shows a significant advantage of having the higher inductance rather than the optimal value because it enables the motor to develop the required power at lower current thereby reducing motor and inverter losses and improving efficiency. The main problem found with high inductance machines driven by a conventional phase advance (CPA) method is that the motor current at high speed depends solely on machine parameters and is virtually independent of the load level and the direct current (dc) supply voltage. Thus, the motor current is virtually the same at no load as at full load resulting in poor efficiency at less than full load conditions. While an inductance higher than the value cited above is warranted, it still does not ensure that the motor current is proportional to load; consequently, the problem of low efficiency at high speed and partial load is not resolved but is only mitigated. A common definition of 'base speed' is the speed at which the voltage applied to the motor armature is equal to the magnitude of the back-emf. The results in this study indicate that the dc supply voltage should be adequate to drive rated current into the motor winding at the specified base speed. At a minimum this requires sufficient voltage to overcome not only the back-emf but also the voltage drop across the internal impedance of the machine. For a high inductance PMSM, the internal impedance at base speed can be considerable and substantial additional voltage is required to overcome the internal voltage drop. It is further shown that even more voltage than the minimum required for injecting rated current at base speed can be beneficial by allowing the required power to be developed at lower current, which reduces losses in the motor and inverter components. Further, it is shown that the current is minimized at a unique speed; consequently, there may be room for optimization if the drive spends a substantial amount of its operating life at a certain speed (for example 60 mph). In this study, fundamental frequency phasor models are developed for a synchronous PMSM and the control systems that drive them is CPA. The models were compared with detailed simulations to show their validity. The result was used to design a traction drive control system with optimized efficiency to drive the fractional-slot motor with concentrated windings. The goal is to meet or exceed the FreedomCAR inverter cost and performance targets.

McKeever, John W [ORNL; Patil, Niranjan [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Lawler, Jack [ORNL

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

High-Performance Control of Two Three-Phase Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Machines in an Integrated Drive for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect

The closed-loop control of an integrated dual AC drive system is presented to control two three-phase permanent-magnet motors. A five-leg inverter is employed in the drive system; three of the inverter legs are for a main traction motor, but only two are needed for a three-phase auxiliary motor by utilizing the neutral point of the traction motor. An integrated drive with reduced component count is therefore achieved by eliminating one inverter leg and its gate drivers. A modified current control scheme based on the rotor flux orientation principle is presented. Simulation and experimental results are included to verify the independent control capability of the integrated drive.

Tang, Lixin [ORNL; Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Author manuscript, published in "IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC), Seoul: Korea, Republic of (2004)" Maximization of No-Load Flux Density in Surface Mounted Permanent Magnet Motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AbstractBy using the analytical equations of the no-load flux density obtained with a two-dimensional model (2D) in polar coordinates, the authors proposed to interpolate a new analytical expression of the optimal thickness of the magnet which make it possible to maximize the no-load flux density in the air-gap. The interpolation function of the magnet optimal thickness could be utilized for surface mounted permanent magnet motors having a direction of parallel or radial magnetization [1]. I.

Frdric Dubas; Christophe Espanet; Abdellatif Miraoui

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Magnetic Imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... data-storage and permanent magnets with increased energy products, in ... Optimization of future materials, including improved yields, requires an ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

185

Power-Factor and Torque Calculation under Consideration of Cross Saturation of the Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation  

SciTech Connect

This paper introduces a new method for calculating the power factor and output torque by considering the cross saturation between direct-axis (d-axis) and quadrature-axis (q-axis) of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM). The conventional two-axis IPMSM model is modified to include the cross saturation effect by adding the cross-coupled inductance terms. This paper also contains the new method of calculating the cross-coupled inductance values as well as self-inductance values in d- and q-axes. The analyzed motor is a high-speed brushless field excitation machine that offers high torque per ampere per core length at low speed and weakened flux at high speed, which was developed for the traction motor of a hybrid electric vehicle. The conventional two-axis IPMSM model was modified to include the cross-saturation effect by adding the cross-coupled inductance terms Ldq and Lqd. By the advantage of the excited structure of the experimental IPMSM, the analyzing works were performed under two conditions, the highest and lowest excited conditions. Therefore, it is possible to investigate the cross-saturation effect when a machine has higher magnetic flux from its rotor. The following is a summary of conclusions that may be drawn from this work: (1) Considering cross saturation of an IPMSM offers more accurate expected values of motor parameters in output torque calculation, especially when negative d-axis current is high; (2) A less saturated synchronous machine could be more affected by the cross-coupled saturation effect; (3) Both cross-coupled inductances, L{sub qd} and L{sub dq}, are mainly governed by d-axis current rather than q-axis current; (4) The modified torque equation, can be used for the dynamic model of an IPMSM for developing a better control model or control strategy; and (5) It is possible that the brushless field excitation structure has a common magnetic flux path on both d- and q-axis, and as a result, the reluctance torque of the machine could be reduced.

Lee, Seong T [ORNL; Burress, Timothy A [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Magnet innovations for linacs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is possible to produce large magnetic fields at the aperture of permanent magnet quadrupoles, even when the magnetic aperture is very small. That, combined with their compactness, makes permanent magnet quadrupoles very powerful components of small aperture linacs. Results will be presented about past and present work on both fixed and variable strength permanent magnets suitable for use in and around linacs.

Halbach, K.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Replacing Critical Rare Earth Materials in High Energy Density ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... magnet motors (IPM) for hybride and electric vehicles and direct drive wind generators. Current motor designs use rare earth permanent magnets which easily...

188

Phase II CRADA ORNL99-0568 Report : Developing Transmission-Less Inverter Drive Systems for Axial-Gap Permanent magnet Accessory and Traction Motors and Generators  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Researchers of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNLs) Power Electronics and Electric Machine Research Center (PEEMRC) collaborated with Visual Computing Systems (VCS) to develop an electric axial-gap permanent magnet (PM) motor controlled by a self-sensing inverter for driving vehicle accessories such as power steering, air conditioning, and brakes. VCS designed an 8 kW motor based on their Segmented Electromagnetic Array (SEMA) technology. ORNL designed a 10 kW inverter to fit within the volume of a housing, which had been integrated with the motor. This modular design was pursued so that multiple modules could be used for higher power applications. ORNL built the first inverter under the cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) ORNL 98-0514 and drove a refurbished Delta motor with no load during the Merit Review at ORNL on Monday, May 17, 1999. Inverter circuitry and instructions for assembling the inverters were sent to VCS. A report was prepared and delivered during the Future Car Congress in April 2000, at Arlington, Virginia. Collaboration continued under CRADA ORNL 99-0568 as VCS designed and built a SEMA motor with a dual coil platter to be the traction motor for an electric truck. VCS and ORNL assembled two 45 kW inverters. Each inverter drove one coil, which was designed to deliver 15 kW continuous power and 45 kW peak power for 90 s. The vehicle was road tested as part of the Future Truck Competition. A report was prepared and delivered during the PCIM in October 2000, at Boston, Massachusetts.

McKeever, J.W.

2001-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

189

Phase II CRADA ORNL99-0568 Report : Developing Transmission-Less Inverter Drive Systems for Axial-Gap Permanent magnet Accessory and Traction Motors and Generators  

SciTech Connect

Researchers of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNLs) Power Electronics and Electric Machine Research Center (PEEMRC) collaborated with Visual Computing Systems (VCS) to develop an electric axial-gap permanent magnet (PM) motor controlled by a self-sensing inverter for driving vehicle accessories such as power steering, air conditioning, and brakes. VCS designed an 8 kW motor based on their Segmented Electromagnetic Array (SEMA) technology. ORNL designed a 10 kW inverter to fit within the volume of a housing, which had been integrated with the motor. This modular design was pursued so that multiple modules could be used for higher power applications. ORNL built the first inverter under the cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) ORNL 98-0514 and drove a refurbished Delta motor with no load during the Merit Review at ORNL on Monday, May 17, 1999. Inverter circuitry and instructions for assembling the inverters were sent to VCS. A report was prepared and delivered during the Future Car Congress in April 2000, at Arlington, Virginia. Collaboration continued under CRADA ORNL 99-0568 as VCS designed and built a SEMA motor with a dual coil platter to be the traction motor for an electric truck. VCS and ORNL assembled two 45 kW inverters. Each inverter drove one coil, which was designed to deliver 15 kW continuous power and 45 kW peak power for 90 s. The vehicle was road tested as part of the Future Truck Competition. A report was prepared and delivered during the PCIM in October 2000, at Boston, Massachusetts.

McKeever, J.W.

2001-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

190

CRADA Final Report: Application of Dual-Mode Invertor Control to Commercially Available Radial-Gap Permanent Magnet Motors - Vol. 1  

SciTech Connect

John Deere and Company (Deere), their partner, UQM Technologies, Inc. (UQM), and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL's) Power Electronics and Electric Machinery Research Center (PEEMRC) recently completed work on the cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) Number ORNL 04-0691 outlined in this report. CRADA 04-0691 addresses two topical issues of interest to Deere: (1) Improved characterization of hydrogen storage and heat-transfer management; and (2) Potential benefits from advanced electric motor traction-drive technologies. This report presents the findings of the collaborative examination of potential operational and cost benefits from using ORNL/PEEMRC dual-mode inverter control (DMIC) to drive permanent magnet (PM) motors in applications of interest to Deere. DMIC was initially developed and patented by ORNL to enable PM motors to be driven to speeds far above base speed where the back-electromotive force (emf) equals the source voltage where it is increasingly difficult to inject current into the motor. DMIC is a modification of conventional phase advance (CPA). DMIC's dual-speed modes are below base speed, where traditional pulse-width modulation (PWM) achieves maximum torque per ampere (amp), and above base speed, where six-step operation achieves maximum power per amp. The modification that enables DMIC adds two anti-parallel thyristors in each of the three motor phases, which consequently adds the cost of six thyristors. Two features evaluated in this collaboration with potential to justify the additional thyristor cost were a possible reduction in motor cost and savings during operation because of higher efficiency, both permitted because of lower current. The collaborative analysis showed that the reduction of motor cost and base cost of the inverter was small, while the cost of adding six thyristors was greater than anticipated. Modeling the DMIC control displayed inverter efficiency gains due to reduced current, especially under light load and higher speed. This current reduction, which is the salient feature of DMIC, may be significant when operating duty cycles have low loads at high frequencies. Reduced copper losses make operation more efficient thereby reducing operating costs. In the Deere applications selected for this study, the operating benefit was overshadowed by the motor's rotational losses. Rotational losses of Deere 1 and Deere 2 dominate the overall drive efficiency so that their reduction has the greatest potential to improve performance. A good follow-up project would be to explore cost erective ways to reduce the rotational losses buy 66%.

Lawler, J.S. (U. Tennessee-Knoxville); McKeever, J.W.; Downing, M.E.; Stahlhut, R.D (John Deere); Bremmer, R. (John Deere); Shoemaker, J.M. (John Deere); Seksarian, A.K. (john Deere); Poore, B. (John Deere); Lutz, J. (UQM)

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

CRADA Final Report: Application of Dual-Mode Invertor Control to Commercially Available Radial-Gap Permanent Magnet Motors - Vol. 1  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

John Deere and Company (Deere), their partner, UQM Technologies, Inc. (UQM), and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL's) Power Electronics and Electric Machinery Research Center (PEEMRC) recently completed work on the cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) Number ORNL 04-0691 outlined in this report. CRADA 04-0691 addresses two topical issues of interest to Deere: (1) Improved characterization of hydrogen storage and heat-transfer management; and (2) Potential benefits from advanced electric motor traction-drive technologies. This report presents the findings of the collaborative examination of potential operational and cost benefits from using ORNL/PEEMRC dual-mode inverter control (DMIC) to drive permanent magnet (PM) motors in applications of interest to Deere. DMIC was initially developed and patented by ORNL to enable PM motors to be driven to speeds far above base speed where the back-electromotive force (emf) equals the source voltage where it is increasingly difficult to inject current into the motor. DMIC is a modification of conventional phase advance (CPA). DMIC's dual-speed modes are below base speed, where traditional pulse-width modulation (PWM) achieves maximum torque per ampere (amp), and above base speed, where six-step operation achieves maximum power per amp. The modification that enables DMIC adds two anti-parallel thyristors in each of the three motor phases, which consequently adds the cost of six thyristors. Two features evaluated in this collaboration with potential to justify the additional thyristor cost were a possible reduction in motor cost and savings during operation because of higher efficiency, both permitted because of lower current. The collaborative analysis showed that the reduction of motor cost and base cost of the inverter was small, while the cost of adding six thyristors was greater than anticipated. Modeling the DMIC control displayed inverter efficiency gains due to reduced current, especially under light load and higher speed. This current reduction, which is the salient feature of DMIC, may be significant when operating duty cycles have low loads at high frequencies. Reduced copper losses make operation more efficient thereby reducing operating costs. In the Deere applications selected for this study, the operating benefit was overshadowed by the motor's rotational losses. Rotational losses of Deere 1 and Deere 2 dominate the overall drive efficiency so that their reduction has the greatest potential to improve performance. A good follow-up project would be to explore cost erective ways to reduce the rotational losses buy 66%.

Lawler, J.S. (U. Tennessee-Knoxville); McKeever, J.W.; Downing, M.E.; Stahlhut, R.D (John Deere); Bremmer, R. (John Deere); Shoemaker, J.M. (John Deere); Seksarian, A.K. (john Deere); Poore, B. (John Deere); Lutz, J. (UQM)

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Learning About Magnets!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory Learning About Name A magnet is a material or object that creates a magnetic fi eld. This fi eld is invisible, but it creates a force that can "attract" or "repel" other magnets and magnetic materials, like iron or nickel. What is a Magnet? This bar magnet is a permanent magnet. Permanent magnets can be found in the Earth as rocks and metals. Magnets have

193

Sliding contacts and the dynamics of magnetic tape transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Voice coil motor housing Permanent magnet Coil Fig. 7.1: a)motor ( VCM) The VCM consists of a stationary permanent magnet,

Raeymaekers, Bart

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Magnetic Materials Group Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and simulation to become the driving force in ... develop a real-time magnetic domain imaging ... data-storage and permanent magnets with increased ...

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

195

New Methodology For Use in Rotating Field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MHz and the permanent magnets motors mechanical rotationa stepping motor held away from the magnet, a pulley system,permanent magnet mechanically is rotated with a motor while

Jachmann, Rebecca C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

COMPARAISON DES PERFORMANCES DE DEUX MOTEURS LECTRIQUES AUTOPILOTS : LE MOTEUR SYNCHRONE AIMANTS PERMANENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SELF COMMUTATED ELECTRIC MOTORS : THE PERMANENT MAGNET BRUSHLESS DC MOTOR THE SWITCHED RELUCTANCE MOTOR synchronous brushless motors. These motors are, on one hand, the permanent-magnet brushless DC motor supplied by quasi-square currents, with magnets mounted at rotor surface and trapezoidal e.m.f. waveform, and

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

197

Optimization of the Mechanical Alloying Process of Soft Magnetic Fe ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications -III. Presentation Title ... Advances in Rare-earth Free Permanent Magnets Anisotropic Curie...

198

Modeling of Magnetic and Structural Phase Transformations in Co ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications -III. Presentation Title, Modeling ... Advances in Rare-earth Free Permanent Magnets Anisotropic Curie

199

The Search for Enhanced Magnetic Materials - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications -III. Presentation Title, The ... Advances in Rare-earth Free Permanent Magnets Anisotropic Curie...

200

Application of Nd-Fe-B Magnets to the Megawatt Scale Generator for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Various technologies for wind power generators such as interior permanent magnet (IPM) motors and surface permanent magnet (SPM) motors have been...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Permanent Markers Implementation Plan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WIPP 04-3302 WIPP 04-3302 Permanent Markers Implementation Plan August 19, 2004 United States Department of Energy Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Carlsbad Field Office Carlsbad, New Mexico DOE/WIPP 04-3302 ii Permanent Markers Implementation Plan Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Carlsbad, New Mexico August 19, 2004 Prepared for: Washington Regulatory and Environmental Services an affiliate of Washington TRU Solutions, LLC P.O. Box 2078 Carlsbad, New Mexico 88221 Prepared by: John Hart and Associates, P.A. 2815 Candelaria Road, N.W. Albuquerque, New Mexico 87107 (505) 344-7868 DOE/WIPP 04-3302 iii Table of Contents Table of Contents.................................................................................................

202

Considerations for Conversion or Replacement of Medium-Voltage Air-Magnetic Circuit Breakers Using Vacuum or SF6 Technolo gy: Revision to TR-106761  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Obsolescence and aging of medium-voltage circuit breakers in nuclear power plants are realities. Plants that are pursuing plant life extension must decide whether to continue to maintain their existing obsolete circuit breakers or to convert or replace them with newer technology. This document provides relevant and useful information regarding conversions and replacement circuit breakers.

2003-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

203

Rare-Earth-Free Nanostructure Magnets: Rare-Earth-Free Permanent Magnets for Electric Vehicle Motors and Wind Turbine Generators: Hexagonal Symmetry Based Materials Systems Mn-Bi and M-type Hexaferrite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

REACT Project: The University of Alabama is developing new iron- and manganese-based composite materials for use in the electric motors of EVs and renewable power generators that will demonstrate magnetic properties superior to todays best rare-earth-based magnets. Rare earths are difficult and expensive to refine. EVs and renewable power generators typically use rare earths to make their electric motors smaller and more powerful. The University of Alabama has the potential to improve upon the performance of current state-of-the-art rare-earth-based magnets using low-cost and more abundant materials such as manganese and iron. The ultimate goal of this project is to demonstrate improved performance in a full-size prototype magnet at reduced cost.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Rare Earth Magnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 8, 2013 ... Current high performance permanent magnets (PM) for traction motors of (hybrid) electric vehicles use substantial amount of Dy in Nd-Fe-B...

205

Magnetic Materials and Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 5, 2013 ... Following vacuum distillation of the Mg-RE alloy, 98% pure RE metals can be recovered, which are then used to synthesize permanent magnet...

206

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, VOL. 20, NO. 1, MARCH 2005 121 Minimization of Iron Losses of Permanent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

magnet machines, synchronous machines. I. INTRODUCTION ELECTRIC motor-driven equipment utilizes them is to use variable speed permanent magnet (PM) synchronous motors. With proper design, a PM of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines Chunting Chris Mi, Senior Member, IEEE, Gordon R. Slemon, Life Fellow

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

207

Permanent magnet focused X-band photoinjector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact high energy photoelectron injector integrates the photocathode directly into a multicell linear accelerator with no drift space between the injection and the linac. High electron beam brightness is achieved by accelerating a tightly focused electron beam in an integrated, multi-cell, X-band rf linear accelerator (linac). The photoelectron linac employs a Plane-Wave-Transformer (PWT) design which provides strong cell-to-cell coupling, easing manufacturing tolerances and costs.

Yu, David U. L. (Rancho Palos Verdes, CA); Rosenzweig, James (Los Angeles, CA)

2002-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

208

Simulating permanent magnet brushless motors in DYMOLA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-domain dynamic simulation is becoming an issue in the design of high performance mechatronic systems, where advances are foreseen only if the mutual interaction of different parts of the system is well understood. The modelling environment provided by DYMOLA with Modelica language proved to be ideal for studying the mutual effects of mechanics, elec- tronics and control in a brushless motor, whose model has been conceived as one of the building blocks of a wider project, aimed at simulating a complete machining centre. Details on the model of the brushless motor as well as on its simulation are given in the present pa- per.

G. Ferretti; G. Magnani; P. Rocco; L. Bonometti; M. Maraglino

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Permanent-Magnet-Less Synchronous Reluctance Motors  

also zip-lock assembly features that increase power density and reduce cost. In this invention, a patented, enclosed air gap is introduced between the

210

Rare Earth Permanent Magnets: Processing, Characterization and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Thomas Schrefl1; Simon Bance1; Tetsuya Shoji2; Masao Yano2; Akira Manabe2; 1St. Poelten University of Applied Sciences; 2Toyota Motor Corporation

211

Rare Earth-free Permanent Magnets II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013 ... Funded by USDOE-EERE-VT-PEEM program through Ames Lab contract no. DE- AC02-07CH11358. 9:00 AM Invited High Coercivity Carbide...

212

A PERMANENT MAGNET UNDULATOR FOR SPEAR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BLOCK Figure 1 LBL - SSRL UNDULATOR BLOCK MAGNETIZATIONtested at LBL for use at SSRL. It was installed in the SPEAR

Halbach, K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Permanent-Magnet-Less Synchronous Reluctance System  

Confirmed by Industry . 6 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy ... *** Includes additional cost of 11kg steel and 3kg copper wire (+$40.00) but

214

Correction magnets for the Fermilab Recycler Ring  

SciTech Connect

In the commissioning of the Fermilab Recycler ring the need for higher order corrector magnets in the regions near beam transfers was discovered. Three types of permanent magnet skew quadrupoles, and two types of permanent magnet sextupoles were designed and built. This paper describes the need for these magnets, the design, assembly, and magnetic measurements.

James T Volk et al.

2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

215

Unifluxor: a permanent memory element  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Unifluxor is a new binary permanent memory element which appears to have the advantages of high-speed operation, easy fabrication, and low cost. Unlike cores, twistors, capacitors, and other commonly used memory devices, the Unifluxor does not depend ...

A. M. Renard; W. J. Neumann

1960-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Permanent Load Shift Control Strategies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Permanent Load Shifting for HVAC and other storage assets as it relates to summer on-peak demand, how it can be dynamically and autonomously controlled, and its relationship...

217

The Requirements of Soft Magnetic Materials for Industrial ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced electric machines and drives, often with permanent magnet architectures, are being developed to ... Materials for Motors of Hybrid Automobiles.

218

Adjustable permanent quadrupoles for the next linear collider  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The proposed Next Linear Collider (NLC) will require over 1400 adjustable quadrupoles between the main linacs' accelerator structures. These 12.7 mm bore quadrupoles will have a range of integrated strength from 0.6 to 138 Tesla, with a maximum gradient of 141 Tesla per meter, an adjustment range of +0 to {minus}20% and effective lengths from 324 mm to 972 mm. The magnetic center must remain stable to within 1 micron during the 20% adjustment. In an effort to reduce costs and increase reliability, several designs using hybrid permanent magnets have been developed. Four different prototypes have been built. All magnets have iron poles and use Samarium Cobalt to provide the magnetic fields. Two use rotating permanent magnetic material to vary the gradient, one uses a sliding shunt to vary the gradient and the fourth uses counter rotating magnets. Preliminary data on gradient strength, temperature stability, and magnetic center position stability are presented. These data are compared to an equivalent electromagnetic prototype.

James T. Volk et al.

2001-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

219

Radiation Source Replacement Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes a Radiation Source Replacement Workshop in Houston Texas on October 27-28, 2010, which provided a forum for industry and researchers to exchange information and to discuss the issues relating to replacement of AmBe, and potentially other isotope sources used in well logging.

Griffin, Jeffrey W.; Moran, Traci L.; Bond, Leonard J.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

H. Rare Earth, Electronic, and Magnetic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Nd-Fe-B Permanent Magnets Unique Exchange Bias Induced by Antiferromagnetic Cr-oxide ZnO-graphene Hybrid Quantum Dots Light Emitting Diode...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Soft Magnetic Materials in Energy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current Status of Permanent Magnet Research and Market in China ... First to Second Order Magnetocaloric Transition: on Correct Analysis of Experimental...

222

Video face replacement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a method for replacing facial performances in video. Our approach accounts for differences in identity, visual appearance, speech, and timing between source and target videos. Unlike prior work, it does not ...

Dale, Kevin

223

magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I I Painless Physics Articles BEAM COOLING August 2, 1996 By Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affairs ACCELERATION August 16, 1996 By Dave Finley, Accelerator Division Head RF August 30, 1996 By Pat Colestock, Accelerator Division FIXED TARGET PHYSICS September 20, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section FIXED TARGET PHYSICS PART DEUX October 16, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section and Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris CROSS SECTION November 1, 1996 By Doreen Wackeroth, Theoretical Physics Edited by Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris MAGNETS PART I November 15, 1996 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs MAGNETS PART II January 10, 1997 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs

224

EA-1895: Lolo Creek Permanent Weir Construction near town of Weippe,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5: Lolo Creek Permanent Weir Construction near town of 5: Lolo Creek Permanent Weir Construction near town of Weippe, Clearwater County, Idaho EA-1895: Lolo Creek Permanent Weir Construction near town of Weippe, Clearwater County, Idaho Summary DOE's Bonneville Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of replacing an existing seasonal fish weir with a permanent weir, which would be used to monitor federally-listed Snake River steelhead and collect spring Chinook salmon adults to support ongoing supplementation programs in the watershed. The Bureau of Land Management, a cooperating agency, preliminarily determined Lolo Creek to be suitable for Congressional designation into the Wild and Scenic River System. The EA includes a Wild and Scenic River Section 7 analysis.

225

(3) Tue PM-a Rare Earth Free Magnets - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... magnet motors (IPM) for hybride and electric vehicles and direct drive wind generators. Current motor designs use rare earth permanent magnets which easily...

226

Negative magnetophoresis of submicron species in magnetic nanofluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we studied the focusing and trapping of submicron, nonmagnetic species immersed in a magnetic nanofluid under applied magnetic fields. Focusing was achieved using two pairs of permanent magnets, which forced ...

Gonzalez, Lino A. (Lino Alberto), 1976-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

First SNS Target Replacement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Replacement of the target module was accomplished using only remote handling tooling and procedures (hands operations. Remote Handling Control Room Manipulator Gallery #12;10 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U ­ Interim process fitting leak testing ­ Limitations on remote handling equipment reliability ­ Limitations

McDonald, Kirk

228

Particle Size Dependence on Magnetic Properties of AlNiCo Powders  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications IV ... New generation of electric motors require permanent magnets with better coercivity and magnetic flux. ... Recent Developments in Rare Earth Lean/Free High Energy Magnets.

229

ARRANGEMENT FOR REPLACING FILTERS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved filtered air exhaust system which may be continually operated during the replacement of the filters without the escape of unfiltered air is described. This is accomplished by hermetically sealing the box like filter containers in a rectangular tunnel with neoprene covered sponge rubber sealing rings coated with a silicone impregnated pneumatic grease. The tunnel through which the filters are pushed is normal to the exhaust air duct. A number of unused filters are in line behind the filters in use, and are moved by a hydraulic ram so that a fresh filter is positioned in the air duct. The used filter is pushed into a waiting receptacle and is suitably disposed. This device permits a rapid and safe replacement of a radiation contaminated filter without interruption to the normal flow of exhaust air.

Blomgren, R.A.; Bohlin, N.J.C.

1957-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

230

Steam generator replacement overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since nuclear power began to be widely used for commercial purposes in the 1960s, unit operators have experienced a variety of problems with major components. Although many of the problems have diminished considerably, those associated with pressurized water reactor (PWR) steam generators persist. Steam generator problems rank second, behind refueling outages, as the most significant contributor to lost electricity generation. As of December 31, 1995, 38 steam generators had been replaced in 13 of the 72 operating PWRs, and three units had been shut down prematurely, due primarily (or partially) to degradation of their steam generators: Portland General Electric`s Trojan unit, located in Prescott, OR, in 1992; Southern California Edison`s San Onofre 1, located in San Clemente, CA, in 1992; and Sacramento Municipal Utility District`s Rancho Seco unit in 1989. In the coming years, operators of PWRs in the US with degraded steam generators will have to decide whether to make annual repairs (with eventual derating likely), replace the generators or shut the plants down prematurely. To understand the issues and decisions utility managers face, this article examines problems encountered at steam generators over the past few decades and identifies some of the remedies that utility operators and the nuclear community have employed, including operational changes, maintenance, repairs and steam generator replacement.

Chernoff, H. [Science Applications International Corp., McLean, VA (United States); Wade, K.C. [USDOE Energy Information Administration, Washington, DC (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Green Magnetic Energy: Mn(Bi,Al) Nanomagnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The figure of merit for permanent magnet is the maximum energy ... transition elements are potential barriers to EV motor and other applications.

232

The Transformational Potential of Magnetic Materials: ARPA-E ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ARPA-E ADEPT program is focused on improvements in electrical energy efficiency ... Current Status of Permanent Magnet Research and Market in China.

233

Spomenka Kobe, Jozef Stefan Institut, Rare Earth Magnets in Europe...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Corporate Perspective George Hadjipanayis, Chairman, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Moving Beyond Neodymium-Iron Permanent Magnets for EV Motors...

234

The rope memory: a permanent storage device  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A powerful way of increasing the capability and flexibility of digital computing systems is through the use of permanent storage memories. Such memories are also known as readonly memories or NDRO electrically unalterable memories. As an example of the ...

P. Kuttner

1963-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Magnetic damping for maglev  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Magnetic damping is one of the important parameters to control the response and stability of maglev systems. An experimental study is presented to measure the magnetic damping using a direct method. A plate attached to a permanent magnet levitated on a rotating drum was tested to investigate the effect of various parameters on magnetic damping such as conductivity, gap, excitation frequency, and oscillation amplitude. The experimental technique is capable of measuring all magnetic damping coefficients, some of which can not be measured by an indirect method.

Chen, S.S.; Zhu, S.; Cai, Y.; Rote, D.M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Technology Div.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

236

Magnetically attached sputter targets  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved method and assembly for attaching sputtering targets to cathode assemblies of sputtering systems which includes a magnetically permeable material is described. The magnetically permeable material is imbedded in a target base that is brazed, welded, or soldered to the sputter target, or is mechanically retained in the target material. Target attachment to the cathode is achieved by virtue of the permanent magnets and/or the pole pieces in the cathode assembly that create magnetic flux lines adjacent to the backing plate, which strongly attract the magnetically permeable material in the target assembly. 11 figures.

Makowiecki, D.M.; McKernan, M.A.

1994-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

237

SOLVING THE STAND-OFF PROBLEM FOR MAGNETIZED TARGET FUSION: PLASMA STREAMS AS DISPOSABLE ELECTRODES, PLUS A LOCAL SPHERICAL BLANKET  

SciTech Connect

In a fusion reactor based on the Magnetized Target Fusion approach, the permanent power supply has to deliver currents up to a few mega-amperes to the target dropped into the reaction chamber. All the structures situated around the target will be destroyed after every pulse and have to be replaced at a frequency of 1 to 10 Hz. In this paper, an approach based on the use of spherical blanket surrounding the target, and pulsed plasma electrodes connecting the target to the power supply, is discussed. A brief physic analysis of the processes associated with creation of plasma electrodes is discussed.

Ryutov, D D; Thio, Y F

2006-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

238

Guidelines for Intelligent Asset Replacement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI8217s asset management research focuses on developing a rational basis for selecting repair or replacement options for specific classes of equipment by balancing the risks of equipment failure against the costs of continued maintenance or capital replacement. This report, the fourth report on guidelines for asset replacement, discusses methods for making decisions about wood poles. It significantly enhances a prior report on this subject by explicitly modeling pole degradation, inspection and test ef...

2006-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

239

Mitigation of Rare Earth Supply Risk Posed by Permanent Magnets ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

These include electric vehicles and wind generators. Volatility of the price of rare earth elements highlights the importance of a co-ordinated strategy to mitigate...

240

Development of a permanent magnet free piston compressor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??There is a high demand for refrigerators in South Africa, as revealed by the Eskom TSI market survey. Refrigerators are found to be expensive becoause (more)

Monyane, Dyke Wellington

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A doubly-fed permanent magnet generator for wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimum extraction of energy from a wind turbine requires that turbine speed vary with wind speed. Existing solutions to produce constant-frequency electrical output under windspeed variations are undesirable due to ...

Thomas, Andrew J. (Andrew Joseph), 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Control of HVAC Dampers by Trans-Permanent Magnetics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In recent years, the nation has come under an energy crunch. The energy crisis is in part due to inefficient energy use in actuators. Recent (more)

Webber, David Wayne

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Multi-objective optimization of an interior permanent magnet motor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In recent years, due to growing environmental awareness regarding global warming, green cars, such as hybrid electric vehicles, have gained a lot of importance. With (more)

Ray, Subhasis.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Recovery of Rare Earths from Permanent Magnets and Phosphors ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Characterization of Indonesia Rare Earth Minerals and their Potential Processing Techniques Characterization of Rare Earth Minerals with Field Emission...

245

Direct control of air gap flux in permanent magnet machines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for field weakening in PM machines uses field weakening coils (35, 44, 45, 71, 72) to produce flux in one or more stators (34, 49, 63, 64), including a flux which counters flux normally produced in air gaps between the stator(s) (34, 49, 63, 64) and the rotor (20, 21, 41, 61) which carries the PM poles. Several modes of operation are introduced depending on the magnitude and polarity of current in the field weakening coils (35, 44, 45, 71, 72). The invention is particularly useful for, but not limited to, the electric vehicle drives and PM generators.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Method and system for controlling a permanent magnet machine ...  

... generating during the fault condition a respective signal configured to maintain a field weakening current even though electrical power from an energy source is ...

247

Cogging Torque Reduction in a Permanent Magnet Wind Turbine Generator...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The generators are usually direct-drive (i.e., no gearbox is required). Direct-drive PM generators are characterized by low maintenance and high efficiency. Small wind...

248

High force density linear permanent magnet motors : "electromagnetic muscle actuators"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Actuator performance represents a key constraint on the capability of many engineered devices. Performance of these devices is often exceeded by their muscle-powered natural counterparts, inspiring the development of new, ...

Ruddy, Bryan P. (Bryan Paul), 1983-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

APS Bending Magnet X-rays and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Irradiation of Nd-Fe-B Permanent Magnets with Irradiation of Nd-Fe-B Permanent Magnets with APS Bending Magnet X-rays and 60 Co γ-rays J. Alderman and P.K. Job APS Operations Division Advanced Photon Source J. Puhl Ionizing Radiation Division National Institute of Standards and Technology June 2000 Table of Contents Introduction Radiation-Induced Demagnetization of Permanent Magnets Resources Required γ-ray Irradiation Results and Analysis of γ-ray Irradiation X-ray Irradiation Results and Analysis of X-ray Irradiation Summary and Conclusions Acknowledgements References Tables and Figures Introduction The Advanced Photon Source (APS), as well as other third-generation synchrotron light sources, uses permanent magnets in the insertion devices to produce x-rays for scientific

250

HALON REPLACEMENT RESEARCH - A HISTORICAL ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Tapscott, RE, Progress Report on Alternatives and Replacements for Halons, E&P Forum Halon Phase-Out Workshop, London, United Kingdom ...

2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

251

Energy efficiency and appliance replacement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1004 ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND APPLIANCE REPLACEMENT Jeffrey T.adopt energy efficient appliances, even though the financialmix of energyusing appliances predicts that under plausible

LaFrance, Jeffrey T.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Soft Magnetic Materials Fabricated by Rapid Quenching Technique ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications. Presentation Title ... Current Status of Permanent Magnet Research and Market in China ... First to Second Order Magnetocaloric Transition: on Correct Analysis of Experimental Data.

253

Replace Kilogram Standard? NIST Weighs Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Replace Kilogram Standard? ... For some time, scientists have considered replacing the kilogram mass standard with a natural constant. ...

254

economic means to permanently store CO  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

economic means to permanently store CO economic means to permanently store CO 2 in unmineable coal seams. Prior to the injection, horizontal coalbed methane (CBM) wells were drilled approximately 1,200 to 1,800 feet underground in a five-spot pattern over a 200-acre area in the unmineable Upper Freeport coal seam. As part of this $13 million field trial, which is being conducted under the collaboration of the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), West Virginia University, and CONSOL Energy, Inc., CO 2 will be injected at a pressure of up to 700 pounds per square inch (psi)

255

When Do Commercial Reactors Permanently Shut Down?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

For those wishing to obtain current data, the following resources are available: U.S. reactors, go to EIA's nuclear reactor shutdown list. (Note: As of April 30, 2010, the last U.S. reactor to permanently shut down was Big Rock Point in 1997.) Foreign Reactors, go to the Power Reactor Information System (PRIS) on the International Atomic Energy Agency's website.

Information Center

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

256

Magnetic multipole redirector of moving plasmas  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for redirecting moving plasma streams using a multiple array of magnetic field generators (e.g., permanent magnets or current bearing wires). Alternate rows of the array have opposite magnetic field directions. A fine wire mesh may be employed to focus as well as redirect the plasma.

Crow, James T. (Albuquerque, NM); Mowrer, Gary R. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Permanent isolation surface barrier development plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The exhumation and treatment of wastes may not always be the preferred alternative in the remediation of a waste site. In-place disposal alternatives, under certain circumstances, may be the most desirable alternatives to use in the protection of human health and the environment. The implementation of an in-place disposal alternative will likely require some type of protective covering that will provide long-term isolation of the wastes from the accessible environment. Even if the wastes are exhumed and treated, a long-term barrier may still be needed to adequately dispose of the treated wastes or any remaining waste residuals. Currently, no {open_quotes}proven{close_quotes} long-term barrier is available. The Hanford Site Permanent Isolation Surface Barrier Development Program (BDP) was organized to develop the technology needed to provide a long-term surface barrier capability for the Hanford Site. The permanent isolation barrier technology also could be used at other sites. Permanent isolation barriers use engineered layers of natural materials to create an integrated structure with redundant protective features. Drawings of conceptual permanent isolation surface barriers are shown. The natural construction materials (e.g., fine soil, sand, gravel, riprap, asphalt) have been selected to optimize barrier performance and longevity. The objective of current designs is to use natural materials to develop a maintenance-free permanent isolation surface barrier that isolates wastes for a minimum of 1,000 years by limiting water drainage to near-zero amounts; reducing the likelihood of plant, animal, and human intrusion; controlling the exhalation of noxious gases; and minimizing erosion-related problems.

Wing, N.R.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, &  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes Guidance Memorandum #23 DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes This document provides assistance in determining whether a new position should be designated as permanent or nonpermanent (temporary), to provide examples of the various types of appointments and personnel actions that can be used with position determinations, and to define the associated Corporate Human Resource Information System (CHRIS) position codes. Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes Responsible Contacts Bruce Murray HR Policy Advisor E-mail bruce.murray@hq.doe.gov

259

DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, &  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes Guidance Memorandum #23 DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes This document provides assistance in determining whether a new position should be designated as permanent or nonpermanent (temporary), to provide examples of the various types of appointments and personnel actions that can be used with position determinations, and to define the associated Corporate Human Resource Information System (CHRIS) position codes. Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes Responsible Contacts Bruce Murray HR Policy Advisor E-mail bruce.murray@hq.doe.gov

260

Wafer Replacement Cluster Tool (Presentation);  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation on wafer replacement cluster tool discusses: (1) Platform for advanced R and D toward SAI 2015 cost goal--crystal silicon PV at area costs closer to amorphous Si PV, it's 15% efficiency, inexpensive substrate, and moderate temperature processing (<800 C); (2) Why silicon?--industrial and knowledge base, abundant and environmentally benign, market acceptance, and good efficiency; and (3) Why replace wafers?--expensive, high embedded energy content, and uses 50-100 times more silicon than needed.

Branz, H. M.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Tuning the Electrical Resistivity in Hot-Deformed Nd-Fe-B Magnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a consequence permanent magnets with reduced heavy rare earth fraction and temperature stability can be used without any losses in motor performance.

262

Toward Development of Anisotropic Nanocomposite Permanent ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bonded Magnetocaloric Powders for the Refrigeration Application Coercivity ... Industrial Requirements and Applications of Hard Magnetic Materials Influence

263

EA-1895: Lolo Creek Permanent Weir Construction near town of Weippe, Clearwater County, Idaho  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOEs Bonneville Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of replacing an existing seasonal fish weir with a permanent weir, which would be used to monitor federally-listed Snake River steelhead and collect spring Chinook salmon adults to support ongoing supplementation programs in the watershed. The Bureau of Land Management, a cooperating agency, preliminarily determined Lolo Creek to be suitable for Congressional designation into the Wild and Scenic River System. The EA includes a Wild and Scenic River Section 7 analysis.

264

Testing of Replacement Bag Material  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, the FB-Line bagout material was changed to simplify the processing of sand, slag, and crucible.The results of the strength tests and the outgassing measurements and calculations demonstrate that the proposed replacement nylon bag materials (HRMP and orange anti-static material) are acceptable substitutes for LDPE and the original nylon with respect to mechanical properties.

Laurinat, J.E.

1998-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

265

Sampling streaming data with replacement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simple random sampling is a widely accepted basis for estimation from a population. When data come as a stream, the total population size continuously grows and only one pass through the data is possible. Reservoir sampling is a method of maintaining ... Keywords: Data stream mining, Random sampling with replacement, Reservoir sampling

Byung-Hoon Park; George Ostrouchov; Nagiza F. Samatova

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Replacement element for automobile thermostat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This patent describes a thermostat replacement element for use in a cooling system in which a continuous stream of coolant normally flows from a radiator through a thermostat to an engine. The thermostat is mounted within a mounting cavity and permits maximum flow of coolant through the cooling system when in an open position. The replacement element comprises a disc-shaped member having a diameter substantially corresponding to the diameter of the mounting cavity. The member is provided with apertures of a predetermined size to permit flow of coolant therethrough at a rate generally corresponding to the rate of flow of coolant through the thermostat when the thermostat is in an open position.

Ferrari, W.

1988-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

267

Fluorescent lamp with static magnetic field generating means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fluorescent lamp wherein magnetic field generating means (e.g., permanent magnets) are utilized to generate a static magnetic field across the respective electrode structures of the lamp such that maximum field strength is located at the electrode's filament. An increase in efficacy during operation has been observed.

Moskowitz, Philip E. (Peabody, MA); Maya, Jakob (Brookline, MA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Fluorescent lamp with static magnetic field generating means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fluorescent lamp wherein magnetic field generating means (e.g., permanent magnets) are utilized to generate a static magnetic field across the respective electrode structures of the lamp such that maximum field strength is located at the electrode's filament. An increase in efficacy during operation has been observed. 2 figs.

Moskowitz, P.E.; Maya, J.

1987-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

269

Magnetic Replicas and the Very Incomplete Meissner Effect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tiles made of high-quality Y-Ba-Cu-O superconductors can trap magnetic fields as large as 39,600 Gauss at 65 degrees K. This is equivalent to making superconducting permanent magnets. Such magnets could have many important applications in the electric utility industry.

1993-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

270

Magnetic machines and power electronics for power MEMS applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the modeling, design, and characterization of microfabricated, surface-wound, permanent-magnet (PM) generators, and their power electronics, for use in Watt-level Power MEMS applications such as a ...

Das, Sauparna, 1979-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

B Plant process piping replacement feasibility study  

SciTech Connect

Reports on the feasibility of replacing existing embedded process piping with new more corrosion resistant piping between cells and between cells and a hot pipe trench of a Hanford Site style canyon facility. Provides concepts for replacement piping installation, and use of robotics to replace the use of the canyon crane as the primary means of performing/supporting facility modifications (eg, cell lining, pipe replacement, equipment reinstallation) and operational maintenenace.

Howden, G.F.

1996-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

272

Magnetic Nanoparticle Capilary Flow as a Replacement for Lateral ...  

Wind Energy; Partners (27) ... The reported method will report both quantitative and qualitative results in a rapid ... Visit the Office of Technology Transfer Website.

273

FOR NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS DURING DECOMMISSIONING AND PERMANENT SHUTDOWN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This guide has been developed to describe methods acceptable to the NRC staff for complying with the NRCs regulations regarding fire protection programs for licensees who have certified that their plants have permanently ceased operations and that the fuel has been permanently removed from the reactor vessels.

A. Introduction

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

IDENTIFYING ABBERANT SEGMENTS IN PERMANENT DOWNHOLE GAUGE DATA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for interpretation of subsurface conditions in a well. The data from permanent downhole gauges are voluminous the world supplying continuous real time data about subsurface reservoir conditions. Permanent downhole gauges are used in reservoir monitoring and management by interpreting the pressure, flow rate

275

The search for permanent electric dipole moments  

SciTech Connect

Permanent electric dipole moments (EDMs) of fundamental systems with spin - particles, nuclei, atoms or molecules violate parity and time reversal invariance. Invoking the CPT theorem, time reversal violation implies CP violation. Although CP-violation is implemented in the standard electro-weak theory, EDM generated this way remain undetectably small. However, this CP-violation also appears to fail explaining the observed baryon asymmetry of our universe. Extensions of the standard theory usually include new sources of CP violation and often predict sizeable EDMs. EDM searches in different systems are complementary and various efforts worldwide are underway and no finite value has been established yet. The prototype of an EDM search is the pursuit of the EDM of the neutron. It has the longest history and at the same time is at the forefront of present research. The talk aims at giving an overview of the field with emphasis on our efforts within an international collaboration at PSI, nedm.web.psi.ch.

Kirch, Klaus [PSI-Villigen - ETH Zrich

2013-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

276

Heading off the permanent oil crisis  

SciTech Connect

The 1996 spike in gasoline prices was not a signal of any fundamental worldwide shortage of crude oil. But based on a review of many studies of recoverable crude oil that have been published since the 1950s, it looks as though such a shortfall is now within sight. With world demand for oil growing at 2 percent per year, global production is likely to peak between the years 2007 and 2014. As this time approaches, we can expect prices to rise markedly and, most likely, permanently. Policy changes are needed now to ease the transition to high-priced oil. Oil production will continue, though at a declining rate, for many decades after its peak, and there are enormous amounts of coal, oil sands, heavy oil, and oil shales worldwide that could be used to produce liquid or gaseous substitutes for crude oil, albeit at higher prices. But the facilities for making such synthetic fuels are costly to build and environmentally damaging to operate, and their use would substantially increase carbon dioxide emissions (compared to emissions from products made from conventional crude oil). This paper examines ways of heading of the impending oil crisis. 8 refs., 3 figs.

MacKenzie, J.J. [World Resources Inst., Washington, DC (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Replacing Fluorescent Lightbulbs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacing Fluorescent Lightbulbs Replacing Fluorescent Lightbulbs Replacing Fluorescent Lightbulbs July 29, 2012 - 6:37pm Addthis Although fluorescent lightbulbs are generally energy efficient, you can replace them with new, even more efficient bulbs that use better electrodes and coatings than older ones. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/JoLin. Although fluorescent lightbulbs are generally energy efficient, you can replace them with new, even more efficient bulbs that use better electrodes and coatings than older ones. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/JoLin. What does this mean for me? Today's fluorescent light fixtures and bulbs are far more efficient than older ones. You can replace fluorescent bulbs and ballasts with more efficient ones to save money and energy. All fluorescent bulbs contain a very small amount of mercury:

278

Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage in Trapped Field Magnets of High Temperature Superconductors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Superconducting permanent magnets for storing high magnetic fields can serve as a means of energy storage and are useful in applications ranging from motors and generators to fault current limiters and circuit breakers. This report presents the results of experimental studies on high temperature superconductors, which were successfully used to trap a record high stable magnetic field of 83,000 G at 54 K and 100,000 G at 42 K.

1995-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

279

Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement - Nuclear Facility...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Replacement - Nuclear Facility (CMRR-NF SEIS) | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing...

280

Magnetic switch for reactor control rod. [LMFBR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic reed switch assembly is described for activating an electromagnetic grapple utilized to hold a control rod in position above a reactor core. In normal operation the magnetic field of a permanent magnet is short-circuited by a magnetic shunt, diverting the magnetic field away from the reed switch. The magnetic shunt is made of a material having a Curie-point at the desired release temperature. Above that temperature the material loses its ferromagnetic properties, and the magnetic path is diverted to the reed switch which closes and short-circuits the control circuit for the control rod electro-magnetic grapple which allows the control rod to drop into the reactor core for controlling the reactivity of the core.

Germer, J.H.

1982-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: Portable and integrated Lead: P. Poulichet.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: Portable and integrated Lead: P. Poulichet. Permanent members: L. Rousseau, A. Fakri. Associated researchers: C. Delabie, A. Exertier. Portable Nuclear Magnetic Resonance : our work in the field of nuclear magneto resonance is focused on the design and the realization

Baudoin, Geneviève

282

Replacement solvents for use in chemical synthesis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Replacement solvents for use in chemical synthesis include polymer-immobilized solvents having a flexible polymer backbone and a plurality of pendant groups attached onto the polymer backbone, the pendant groups comprising a flexible linking unit bound to the polymer backbone and to a terminal solvating moiety. The polymer-immobilized solvent may be dissolved in a benign medium. Replacement solvents for chemical reactions for which tetrahydrofuran or diethyl may be a solvent include substituted tetrahydrofurfuryl ethers and substituted tetrahydro-3-furan ethers. The replacement solvents may be readily recovered from the reaction train using conventional methods.

Molnar, Linda K. (Philadelphia, PA); Hatton, T. Alan (Sudbury, MA); Buchwald, Stephen L. (Newton, MA)

2001-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

283

Conceptual Design Plan SM-43 Replacement Project  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos National Laboratory Conceptual Design Plan for the SM-43 Replacement Project outlines plans for replacing the SM-43 Administration Building. Topics include the reasons that replacement is considered a necessity; the roles of the various project sponsors; and descriptions of the proposed site and facilities. Also covered in this proposal is preliminary information on the project schedule, cost estimates, acquisition strategy, risk assessment, NEPA strategy, safety strategy, and safeguards and security. Spreadsheets provide further detail on space requirements, project schedules, and cost estimates.

University of California, Los Alamos National Laboratory, SCC Project Office

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Information Resources: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

incandescent lamps (e.g., A-lamps), and provided an update on ENERGY STAR criteria for LED integral replacement lamps - currently in its second draft. Robert Lingard of Pacific...

285

Marin County- Wood Stove Replacement Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The County of Marin has created a rebate program to encourage homeowners to remove or replace non-EPA certified wood-burning heaters (wood stoves and fireplace inserts) with cleaner burning stoves...

286

Design of a High Performance Ferrite Magnet-Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motor for an  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design of a High Performance Ferrite Magnet- Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motor for an Electric) ferrite-based permanent magnet-assisted synchronous reluctance motor has been designed for an electric the ferrite magnets are safe from irreversible demagnetization. Key performance indicators for the motor

Noé, Reinhold

287

Magnet-only loudspeaker motors: linear behavior theory vs. Nonlinear measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnet-only loudspeaker motors: linear behavior theory vs. Nonlinear measurements A. Novaka and B, the exclusive use of permanent magnets and the absence of iron can lead to uniform motor parameters (force [6] presented loudspeaker distortion reduction us- ing bonded magnet-only motors. Advantages

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

288

From permanence to total availability: a quantum conceptual upgrade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the classical concept of time of permanence and observe that its quantum equivalent is described by a bona fide self-adjoint operator. Its interpretation, by means of the spectral theorem, reveals that we have to abandon not only the idea that quantum entities would be characterizable in terms of spatial trajectories but, more generally, that they would possess the very attribute of spatiality. Consequently, a permanence time shouldn't be interpreted as a "time" in quantum mechanics, but as a measure of the total availability of a quantum entity in participating to a creative process of spatial localization.

de Bianchi, Massimiliano Sassoli

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

A replaceable reflective film for solar concentrators  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The 3M Company manufactures a silvered acrylic film called ECP-305 that is regarded as the preferred reflective film for use on stretched-membrane heliostats. However, ECP-305 will degrade in time, due to both corrosion of the silver layer and delamination at the film's silver-to-acrylic interface, and will eventually need to be replaced. 3M uses a very aggressive adhesive on this film, and once it is laminated, replacement is very difficult. The purpose of this investigation was the development of a replaceable reflector, a reflective film that can be easily removed and replaced. A replaceable reflector was successfully configured by laminating ECP-305 to the top surface of a smooth, dimensionally stable polymer film, with a removable adhesive applied to the underside of the polymer film. Several stages of screening and testing led to the selection of a 0.010-inch thick polycarbonate (GE 8030) as the best polymer film and a medium tack tape (3M Y-9425) was selected as the best removable adhesive. To demonstrate the feasibility of the replaceable reflector concept and to provide a real-time field test, the chosen construction was successfully applied to the 50-m{sup 2} SKI heliostat at the Central Receiver Test Facility at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque. 4 refs., 13 figs., 7 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Axial flux permanent magnet motor Csiro: New frame design, analysis, steady state model and comparison to radial flux permanent magnet motor Biel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis work analyses, models and presents a new frame design for the Csiro electric drive for solar cars. The main objective is to determine (more)

Al Zaher, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Magnetic switch for reactor control rod  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic reed switch assembly for activating an electromagnetic grapple utilized to hold a control rod in position above a reactor core. In normal operation the magnetic field of a permanent magnet is short-circuited by a magnetic shunt, diverting the magnetic field away from the reed switch. The magnetic shunt is made of a material having a Curie-point at the desired release temperature. Above that temperature the material loses its ferromagnetic properties, and the magnetic path is diverted to the reed switch which closes and short-circuits the control circuit for the control rod electromagnetic grapple which allows the control rod to drop into the reactor core for controlling the reactivity of the core.

Germer, John H. (San Jose, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Permanent Closure of the TAN-664 Underground Storage Tank  

SciTech Connect

This closure package documents the site assessment and permanent closure of the TAN-664 gasoline underground storage tank in accordance with the regulatory requirements established in 40 CFR 280.71, 'Technical Standards and Corrective Action Requirements for Owners and Operators of Underground Storage Tanks: Out-of-Service UST Systems and Closure.'

Bradley K. Griffith

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Steam Plant Replaces Outdated Coal-Fired System | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Steam Plant Replaces Outdated Coal-Fired System Steam Plant Replaces Outdated Coal-Fired System September 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis A new natural gas-fired steam plant will replace...

294

Replacement of charcoal sorbent in the VOST  

SciTech Connect

EPA Method 0030, the Volatile Organic Sampling Train (VOST), for sampling volatile organics from stationary sources, specifies the use of petroleum-base charcoal in the second sorbent tube. Charcoal has proven to be a marginal performer as a sampling sorbent, partly due to inconsistency in analyte recovery. In addition, commercial availability of petroleum charcoal for VOST tubes has been variable. Lack of data on comparability and variability of charcoals for VOST application has created uncertainty when other charcoals are substituted. Five potential sorbent replacements for charcoal in Method 0030 were evaluated along with a reference charcoal. Two of the sorbents tested, Ambersorb XE-340 and Tenax GR, did not perform well enough to qualify as replacements. Three candidates, Anasorb 747, Carbosieve S-III and Kureha Beaded Activated Charcoal, performed adequately, and produced statistically equivalent results. Anasorb 747 appears to be an acceptable replacement for petroleum charcoal, based on a combination of performance, availability, and cost.

Johnson, L.D.; Fuerst, R.G.; Foster, A.L.; Bursey, J.T.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants

296

Negative ion beam injection apparatus with magnetic shield and electron removal means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A negative ion source is constructed to produce H.sup.- ions without using Cesium. A high percentage of secondary electrons that typically accompany the extracted H.sup.- are trapped and eliminated from the beam by permanent magnets in the initial stage of acceleration. Penetration of the magnetic field from the permanent magnets into the ion source is minimized. This reduces the destructive effect the magnetic field could have on negative ion production and extraction from the source. A beam expansion section in the extractor results in a strongly converged final beam.

Anderson, Oscar A. (Berkeley, CA); Chan, Chun F. (Hayward, CA); Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Measure Guideline: Window Repair, Rehabilitation, and Replacement  

SciTech Connect

This measure guideline provides information and guidance on rehabilitating, retrofitting, and replacing existing window assemblies in residential construction. The intent is to provide information regarding means and methods to improve the energy and comfort performance of existing wood window assemblies in a way that takes into consideration component durability, in-service operation, and long term performance of the strategies.

Baker, P.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Energy Efficient Buffer Cache Replacement Jianhui Yue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

back to the active state. The transition from a lower power state to a higher one re- quires some significantly increases the en- ergy saving opportunities through DAM overlapping and power state transition replacement algorithms only aim to optimize cache hit rates and do not consider the power status of memory

Zhu, Yifeng

299

An issue of permanence: assessing the effectiveness of temporary carbon storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a method to quantify the effectiveness of carbon mitigation options taking into account the "permanence" of the emissions reduction. While the issue of permanence is most commonly associated with ...

Herzog, Howard J.

300

depleted underground oil shale for the permanent storage of carbon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

depleted underground oil shale for the permanent storage of carbon depleted underground oil shale for the permanent storage of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) generated during the oil shale extraction process. AMSO, which holds a research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) lease from the U.S. Bureau of Land Management for a 160-acre parcel of Federal land in northwest Colorado's oil-shale rich Piceance Basin, will provide technical assistance and oil shale core samples. If AMSO can demonstrate an economically viable and environmentally acceptable extraction process, it retains the right to acquire a 5,120-acre commercial lease. When subject to high temperatures and high pressures, oil shale (a sedimentary rock that is rich in hydrocarbons) can be converted into oil. Through mineralization, the CO 2 could be stored in the shale

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Hanford Permanent Isolation Barrier Program: Asphalt technology test plan  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Permanent Isolation Barriers use engineered layers of natural materials to create an integrated structure with backup protective features. The objective of current designs is to develop a maintenance-free permanent barrier that isolates wastes for a minimum of 1000 years by limiting water drainage to near-zero amounts. Asphalt is being used as an impermeable water diversion layer to provide a redundant layer within the overall barrier design. Data on asphalt barrier properties in a buried environment are not available for the required 100-year time frame. The purpose of this test plan is to outline the activities planned to obtain data with which to estimate performance of the asphalt layers.

Freeman, H.D.; Romine, R.A.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Permanent split capacitor single phase electric motor system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A permanent split capacitor single phase electric motor achieves balanced operation at more than one operating point by adjusting the voltage supplied to the main and auxiliary windings and adjusting the capacitance in the auxiliary winding circuit. An intermediate voltage tap on an autotransformer supplies voltage to the main winding for low speed operation while a capacitive voltage divider is used to adjust the voltage supplied to the auxiliary winding for low speed operation. 4 figs.

Kirschbaum, H.S.

1984-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

303

MAGNETIC COUPLING BETWEEN DC TACHOMETER AND MOTOR AND ITS EFFECT ON MOTION CONTROL IN THE PRESENCE OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MAGNETIC COUPLING BETWEEN DC TACHOMETER AND MOTOR AND ITS EFFECT ON MOTION CONTROL IN THE PRESENCE orientations of the motor and tachometer permanent magnets......21 Fig. 4.5(b) Motor and Tachometer fields. 4.6(b) Magnetic Fields present in the Motor.............................................23 Fig. 4

Awtar, Shorya

304

HVAC equipment replacement for best size and efficiency  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this project was to explore the potential benefits of HVAC equipment replacement for buildings owned by the City of Phoenix. The specific research objectives were as follows: Establishment an understanding of the magnitude and sources of saving available through equipment replacement; Establish an economic model for understanding equipment replacement and deciding when equipment should be replaced; Establish technical methods for calculating savings from replacement of various types of equipment; Demonstrate the replacement of a major item of HVAC equipment and document the savings through actual experimentation and measurement; and Provide guidance material for other jurisdictions wishing to investigate equipment replacement. 11 figs., 9 tabs.

Teji, D.S.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Low pressure arc discharge lamp apparatus with magnetic field generating means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low-pressure arc discharge apparatus having a magnetic field generating means for increasing the output of a discharge lamp is disclosed. The magnetic field generating means, which in one embodiment includes a plurality of permanent magnets, is disposed along the lamp for applying a constant transverse magnetic field over at least a portion of the positive discharge column produced in the arc discharge lamp operating at an ambient temperature greater than about 25 C. 3 figs.

Grossman, M.W.; George, W.A.; Maya, J.

1987-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

306

Baseline vs. Replacement High Bay Lighting Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy efficient lighting has been a means to significant energy savings for many facilities around the world. New developments in fluorescent, induction, LED (light-emitting diode), and plasma lighting technologies have spurred various building managers to replace or retrofit existing lighting fixtures. These advances in lighting sources often allow conservation of electricity, better quality of light, and more flexibility in the control of light. However, these new lighting sources still have ...

2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

307

Superconducting Magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

magnet technology has allowed physicists to attain higher energies in circular accelerators. One can obtain higher magnetic fields because there is no resistance in a...

308

Digital lock-in detection of site-specific magnetism in magnetic materials  

SciTech Connect

The polarization and diffraction characteristics of x-rays incident upon a magnetic material are manipulated to provide a desired magnetic sensitivity in the material. The contrast in diffracted intensity of opposite helicities of circularly polarized x-rays is measured to permit separation of magnetic signals by element type and by atomic environment. This allows for the direct probing of magnetic signals from elements of the same species in nonequivalent atomic environments to better understand the behavior and characteristics of permanent magnetic materials. By using known crystallographic information together with manipulation of the polarization of x-rays having energies tuned near element-specific electronic excitations and by detecting and comparing the incident and diffracted photons at the same frequency, more accurate magnetic measurements can be made over shorter observation periods.

Haskel, Daniel (Naperville, IL); Lang, Jonathan C. (Naperville, IL); Srajer, George (Oak Park, IL)

2008-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

309

Magnetic levitation system for moving objects  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Repelling magnetic forces are produced by the interaction of a flux-concentrated magnetic field (produced by permanent magnets or electromagnets) with an inductively loaded closed electric circuit. When one such element moves with respect to the other, a current is induced in the circuit. This current then interacts back on the field to produce a repelling force. These repelling magnetic forces are applied to magnetically levitate a moving object such as a train car. The power required to levitate a train of such cars is drawn from the motional energy of the train itself, and typically represents only a percent or two of the several megawatts of power required to overcome aerodynamic drag at high speeds.

Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Magnetic levitation system for moving objects  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Repelling magnetic forces are produced by the interaction of a flux-concentrated magnetic field (produced by permanent magnets or electromagnets) with an inductively loaded closed electric circuit. When one such element moves with respect to the other, a current is induced in the circuit. This current then interacts back on the field to produce a repelling force. These repelling magnetic forces are applied to magnetically levitate a moving object such as a train car. The power required to levitate a train of such cars is drawn from the motional energy of the train itself, and typically represents only a percent or two of the several megawatts of power required to overcome aerodynamic drag at high speeds. 7 figs.

Post, R.F.

1998-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

311

High-Speed Permanent-Magnet Motors for the Oil&Gas ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Enable tight integration of drive motor with compressor ... raw / wet gas design ... Tighter integration of compressor, motor and drive components and ...

2012-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

312

Stability analysis of permanent magnet synchronous generator used in micro-cogeneration systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper has a dual purpose: on the one hand the technical-economic analysis of cogeneration microplants (also emphasizing the producers' preferences for certain classes of electric generators in terms of using the same type of prime mover, respectively ... Keywords: electrical generators, m-CHP, renewable energies, stirling engine

Ion Voncil?; Nicolae Badea

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Operational behavior of a double-fed permanent magnet generator for wind turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Greater efficiency in wind turbine systems is achieved by allowing the rotor to change its rate of rotation as the wind speed changes. The wind turbine system is decoupled from the utility grid and a variable speed operation ...

Reddy, Sivananda Kumjula

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

A fully-integrated multi-watt permanent-magnet turbine generator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy density available from batteries is increasingly becoming a limiting factor in the capabilities of portable electronics. As a result, there is a growing need for compact, high energy density sources. This thesis ...

Yen, Bernard Chih-Hsun, 1981-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Novel design and implementation of a permanent magnet linear tubular generator for ocean wave energy conversion.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The worlds energy consumption is growing at an alarming rate and the need for renewable energy is apparent now more than ever. Estimates have shown (more)

[No author

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Development of a Permanent-Magnet Microwave Ion Source for a Sealed-Tube Neutron Generator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and con- rity, non-proliferation, and nuclear safeguards5 10 11 n/s in non-proliferation applica- tions. Microwave

Waldmann, Ole

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Design of a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor according to FreedomCAR specifications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Electric mobility is becoming in recent years a growing reality due to increase of the demand and cost of oil and the enviromental impact of (more)

Carraro, Enrico

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Design of low speed axial flux permanent magnet generators for marine current application.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Thesis (M.Eng. Memorial University of Newfoundland, 2010. Engineering and Applied Science The aim of this research work is to design, built and test low speed (more)

Moury, Sanjida, 1983-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

MnBi Permanent Magnets via Spark Erosion - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Author(s), Ami Berkowitz, Sungho Jin, Phi-Khanh Nguyen. On-Site Speaker ... [2] P. K. Nguyen, et al., Nanotechnology, 23, 415604 (2012). Proceedings...

320

A Systems Approach to the Torque Control of a Permanent Magnet Brushless Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many approaches to force control have assumed the ability to command torques accurately. Concurrently, much research has been devoted to developing accurate torque actuation schemes. Often, torque sensors have been ...

Paul, Benjamin J.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A Systems Approach to the Torque Control of a Permanent Magnet Brushless Motor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many approaches to force control have assumed the ability to command torques accurately. Concurrently, much research has been devoted to developing accurate torque actuation schemes. Often, torque sensors have been utilized to close a feedback loop around ...

Benjamin J. Paul

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Flywheel energy storage with superconductor magnetic bearings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flywheel having superconductor bearings has a lower drag to lift ratio that translates to an improvement of a factor of ten in the rotational decay rate. The lower drag results from the lower dissipation of melt-processed YBCO, improved uniformity of the permanent magnet portion of the bearings, operation in a different range of vacuum pressure from that taught by the art, and greater separation distance from the rotating members of conductive materials.

Weinberger, Bernard R. (Avon, CT); Lynds, Jr., Lahmer (Glastonbury, CT); Hull, John R. (Hinsdale, IL)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Microsoft Word - B-8.Replacement-3.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Rate Schedule Replacement-3 Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives ( any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Kentucky and southern Illinois to whom power is provided pursuant to contracts between the Government and the customer from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, Cordell Hull, and Laurel Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") . Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale of wholesale energy purchased to

324

Hanford Permanent Isolation Barrier Program: Asphalt technology development  

SciTech Connect

An important component of the Hanford Permanent Isolation Barrier is the use of a two-layer composite asphalt system, which provides backup water diversion capabilities if the primary capillary barrier fails to meet infiltration goals. Because of asphalt`s potential to perform to specification over the 1000-year design life criterion, a composite asphalt barrier (HMAC/fluid-applied polymer-modified asphalt) is being considered as an alternative to the bentonite clay/high density poly(ethylene) barriers for the low-permeability component of the Hanford Permanent Isolation Barrier. The feasibility of using asphalt as a long-term barrier is currently being studied. Information that must be known is the ability of asphalt to retain desirable physical properties over a period of 1000 years. This paper presents the approach for performing accelerated aging tests and evaluating the performance of samples under accelerated conditions. The results of these tests will be compared with asphalt artifact analogs and the results of modeling the degradation of the selected asphalt composite to make life-cycle predictions.

Freeman, H.D.; Romine, R.A.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

John Hsu, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Flux Coupling Machines...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Flux Coupling Machines and Switched Reluctance Motors to Replace Permanent Magnets in Electric Vehicles John Hsu, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Flux Coupling Machines and...

326

George Hadjipanayis, Chairman, Department of Physics and Astronomy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

John Hsu, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Flux Coupling Machines and Switched Reluctance Motors to Replace Permanent Magnets in Electric Vehicles CX-000852: Categorical Exclusion...

327

John Hsu, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Flux Coupling Machines...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

John Hsu, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Flux Coupling Machines and Switched Reluctance Motors to Replace Permanent Magnets in Electric Vehicles John Hsu, Oak Ridge National...

328

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle Vehicle Replacement Vouchers to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality administers the AirCheckTexas

329

Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Replacements...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Text-Alternative Version: LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Replacements for Linear...

330

Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps Webcast to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps Webcast on Facebook Tweet about...

331

Replacement solvents for use in chemical synthesis - Energy ...  

The replacement solvents may be readily recovered from the reaction train using conventional methods. Inventors: Molnar; Linda K. (Philadelphia, PA), ...

332

Iron-Nitride-Based Magnets: Synthesis and Phase Stabilization of Body Center Tetragonal (BCT) Metastable Fe-N Anisotropic Nanocomposite Magnet- A Path to Fabricate Rare Earth Free Magnet  

SciTech Connect

REACT Project: The University of Minnesota will develop an early stage prototype of an iron-nitride permanent magnet material for EVs and renewable power generators. This new material, comprised entirely of low-cost and abundant resources, has the potential to demonstrate the highest energy potential of any magnet to date. This project will provide the basis for an entirely new class of rare-earth-free magnets capable of generating power without costly and scarce rare earth materials. The ultimate goal of this project is to demonstrate a prototype with magnetic properties exceeding state-of-the-art commercial magnets.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Replaces EIA-459E OMB Control No.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 (04-94) Replaces EIA-459E OMB Control No. 1910-0400 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FEDERAL ASSISTANCE MANAGEMENT SUMMARY REPORT Page of Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 3.38 hours per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, search- ing existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Office of Information Resources Management Policy, Plans, and Oversight, Records Management Division, HR-422 - GTN, Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-0400), U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20585; and to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Paperwork Reduction Project

334

Replaces DOE F 5120.2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

700.2 700.2 (09-93) Replaces DOE F 5120.2 (02-90) edition may be used 1. INITIATOR: NAME & SIGNATURE ORGANIZATION CODE TELEPHONE NO. 2. PROJECT TITLE: 3. RESPONSIBLE ASSISTANT SECRETARY: 4. RESPONSIBLE OPERATIONS OFFICE: 5. M&O CONTRACTOR NAME: 6. WORK AUTHORIZATION NO.: FUNDS HEREBY AUTHORIZED 7. REVISION: B&R No. $000 13. WORK AUTHORIZED: (Brief description, schedule, results or products and reporting requirements, and any shifting of funds permitted within the work authorization): U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Management & Operating (M&O) Contract Work Authorization WORK AUTHORIZATION 14. WORK AUTHORIZATION OFFICIAL: 15. OPERATIONS OFFICE OFFICIAL: 16. M&O CONTRACTOR OFFICIAL: NAME & SIGNATURE DATE 9. PERFORMANCE PERIOD COVERED BY

335

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new

336

Do You Have Windows That Need Replacing? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Do You Have Windows That Need Replacing? Do You Have Windows That Need Replacing? Do You Have Windows That Need Replacing? August 3, 2012 - 2:11pm Addthis This week, Andrea shared the first part of her two-part story about how she replaced her more than 20-year-old windows with new, energy-efficient ones. Replacing old windows can be a great way to reduce the amount of warm and cool air (depending on the season) is leaking right out of your home. This week, we're wondering: Do you have windows that need replacing, too? Do you have any plans to replace them with newer, more efficient windows? You have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles

337

The Inductrack Approach to Magnetic Levitation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Concepts developed during research on passive magnetic bearing systems at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory gave rise to a new approach to magnetic levitation, the Inductrack. A passive induced-current system employing permanent magnets on the moving vehicle, the Inductrack maximizes levitation forces by a combination of two elements. First, the permanent magnets on the vehicle are arranged in a ''Halbach array,'' a magnet configuration that optimally produces a periodic magnetic field below the array, while canceling the field above the array. Second, the track is made up of close-packed shorted electrical circuits. These circuits couple optimally to the magnetic field of the Halbach array. As a result, levitating forces of order 40 metric tonnes per square meter of Halbach array can be generated, using NdFeB magnets whose weight is a few percent of the levitated weight. Being an induced-current system, the levitation requires motion of the vehicle above a low transition speed. For maglev applications this speed is a few kilometers per hour, walking speed. At rest or in the station auxiliary wheels are needed. The Inductrack is thus fail-safe, that is, drive system failure would only result in the vehicle slowing down and finally settling on its auxiliary wheels. On the basis of theoretical analyses a small model vehicle and a 20-meter-long track was built and tested at speeds of order 12 meters per second. A second model, designed to achieve 10-g acceleration levels and much higher speeds, is under construction under NASA sponsorship, en route to the design of maglev-based launchers for rockets. Some of the presently perceived practical problems of implementing full-scale maglev systems based on the Inductrack concept will be discussed.

Post, R.F.; Ryutov, D.D.

2000-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

338

Magnetic Storms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... magnetic reversal. As there is no predictive science of geomagnetism, we currently lack even simple forecasts. Our scientific ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

339

Magnetic Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Since the discovery of high-temperature superconductors in 1986 (Ref 10), the demonstration of magnetic flux exclusion

340

Cryogen free superconducting splittable quadrupole magnet for linear accelerators  

SciTech Connect

A new superconducting quadrupole magnet for linear accelerators was fabricated at Fermilab. The magnet is designed to work inside a cryomodule in the space between SCRF cavities. SCRF cavities must be installed inside a very clean room adding issues to the magnet design, and fabrication. The designed magnet has a splittable along the vertical plane configuration and could be installed outside of the clean room around the beam pipe previously connected to neighboring cavities. For more convenient assembly and replacement a 'superferric' magnet configuration with four racetrack type coils was chosen. The magnet does not have a helium vessel and is conductively cooled from the cryomodule LHe supply pipe and a helium gas return pipe. The quadrupole generates 36 T integrated magnetic field gradient, has 600 mm effective length, and the peak gradient is 54 T/m. In this paper the quadrupole magnetic, mechanical, and thermal designs are presented, along with the magnet fabrication overview and first test results.

Kashikhin, V.S.; Andreev, N.; Kerby, J.; Orlov, Y.; Solyak, N.; Tartaglia, M.; Velev, G.; /Fermilab

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Control console replacement at the WPI Reactor  

SciTech Connect

With partial funding from the Department of Energy (DOE) University Reactor Instrumentation Upgrade Program (DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-90ER12982), the original control console at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) Reactor has been replaced with a modern system. The new console maintains the original design bases and functionality while utilizing current technology. An advanced remote monitoring system has been added to augment the educational capabilities of the reactor. Designed and built by General Electric in 1959, the open pool nuclear training reactor at WPI was one of the first such facilities in the nation located on a university campus. Devoted to undergraduate use, the reactor and its related facilities have been since used to train two generations of nuclear engineers and scientists for the nuclear industry. The reactor power level was upgraded from 1 to 10 kill in 1969, and its operating license was renewed for 20 years in 1983. In 1988, the reactor was converted to low enriched uranium. The low power output of the reactor and ergonomic facility design make it an ideal tool for undergraduate nuclear engineering education and other training.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Polymers replace glass in Nova fuel capsules  

SciTech Connect

The glass fuel-capsule designs used in previous laser-fusion research are not adaptable to the implosion-physics requirements of Nova and other more powerful laser facilities that may be available in the future. As one tries to learn more about the physics of high-density compression, it becomes increasingly important to replace the glass with lower-Z material. Accordingly, the authors have shut down the high-temperature drop-tower furnaces they used to make glass capsules, and they are focusing all their efforts on developing new techniques for making polymer capsules. These capsules are ten times larger in diameter than the glass capsules used in the early days of laser-fusion research, but they are still only one-tenth as large as a high-gain capsule must be. The polymer capsules will be used in classified indirect-drive targets. This article describes how the decisions were made on which polymers to use in the NOVA fuel capsules, the techniques explored, and the properties of the prototype capsules.

Burnham, A.K.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Alternatives to proposed replacement production reactors  

SciTech Connect

To insure adequate supplies of plutonium and tritium for defense purposes, an independent evaluation was made by Los Alamos National Laboratory of the numerous alternatives to the proposed replacement production reactors (RPR). This effort concentrated on the defense fuel cycle operation and its technical implications in identifying the principal alternatives for the 1990s. The primary options were identified as (1) existing commercial reactors, (2) existing and planned government-owned facilities (not now used for defense materials production), and (3) other RPRs (not yet proposed) such as CANDU or CANDU-type heavy-water reactors (HWR) for both plutonium and tritium production. The evaluation considered features and differences of various options that could influence choice of RPR alternatives. Barring a change in the US approach to civilian and defense fuel cycles and precluding existing commercial reactors at government-owned sites, the most significant alternatives were identified as a CANDU-type HWR at Savannah River Plant (SRP) site or the Three Mile Island commercial reactor with reprocessing capability at Barnwell Nuclear Fuel Plant and at SRP.

Cullingford, H.S.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Replacement Energy System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, South Carolina, or North Carolina to whom power is provided pursuant to contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale energy purchased to meet contract minimum energy and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. Document Available for Download Replacement-1 Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications Replacement-3 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule

345

Fluorescent lamp unit with magnetic field generating means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fluorescent lamp unit having a magnetic field generating means for improving the performance of the fluorescent lamp is disclosed. In a preferred embodiment the fluorescent lamp comprises four longitudinally extending leg portions disposed in substantially quadrangular columnar array and joined by three generally U-shaped portions disposed in different planes. In another embodiment of the invention the magnetic field generating means comprises a plurality of permanent magnets secured together to form a single columnar structure disposed within a centrally located region defined by the shape of lamp envelope. 4 figs.

Grossman, M.W.; George, W.A.

1989-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

346

Ion source operation with different magnetic confinement geometries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A comparison has been made between the longitudinal line cusp and the ''continuous'' checkerboard magnet geometries. We find that the checkerboard arrangement can provide a larger uniform density profile with approximately 20% less plasma density than the longitudinal line cusp. Results seem to indicate that the reduction in plasma density is closely related to the containment of primary ionizing electrons by the permanent magnets. A new magneto-electrostatic containment scheme was generated by using an internal magnetic cage system. The overall efficiency of this ion source was increased when it was operated with a xenon or argon plasma.

Leung, K.N.; Ehlers, K.W.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Bio-based ethylene able to replace petroleum as a ...  

Biomass and Biofuels Bio-based ethylene able to replace petroleum as a feedstock National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Contact NREL About This ...

348

Replace Kilogram Artifact Now With Definition Based on ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Replace Kilogram Artifact Now With Definition Based on Nature, Experts Say. ... This started out as a study of the effects of redefining the kilogram. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

349

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) as Military APU Replacements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Division Propulsion Directorate Air Force Research Laboratory Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) as Military APU Replacements Cleared For Public For Public Release: 88ABW-2010-0196 2...

350

Lanczos's equation to replace Dirac's equation ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lanczos's quaternionic interpretation of Dirac's equation provides a unified description for all elementary particles of spin 0, 1/2, 1, and 3/2. The Lagrangian formulation given by Einstein and Mayer in 1933 predicts two main classes of solutions. (1) Point like partons which come in two families, quarks and leptons. The correct fractional or integral electric and baryonic charges, and zero mass for the neutrino and the u-quark, are set by eigenvalue equations. The electro-weak interaction of the partons is the same as with the Standard model, with the same two free parameters: e and sin^2 theta. There is no need for a Higgs symmetry breaking mechanism. (2) Extended hadrons for which there is no simple eigenvalue equation for the mass. The strong interaction is essentially non-local. The pion mass and pion-nucleon coupling constant determine to first order the nucleon size, mass and anomalous magnetic moment.

Andre Gsponer; Jean-Pierre Hurni

2001-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

351

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Wednesday, 28 March 2007 00:00 In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known as a magnetic vortex. At the vortex core, the magnetization turns sharply out of the plane, pointing either up or down. Magnetic data storage based on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong magnetic fields of around half a tesla (approximately one-third the field of the strongest permanent magnet) were previously thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to observe vortex motion and demonstrate the feasibility of using weak magnetic fields as low as 1.5 millitesla (mT) to reverse the direction of a vortex core. The observed switching mechanism, which can be understood within the framework of micromagnetic theory, gives insights into basic magnetization dynamics and their possible application to data storage technologies.

352

Magnetic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 27, 2009 ... Extreme magnetic fields (>2 tesla), especially when combined with temperature, are being shown to revolutionize materials processing and...

353

Conveyorized Photoresist Stripping Replacement for Flex Circuit Fabrication  

SciTech Connect

A replacement conveyorized photoresist stripping system was characterized to replace the ASI photoresist stripping system. This system uses the qualified ADF-25c chemistry for the fabrication of flex circuits, while the ASI uses the qualified potassium hydroxide chemistry. The stripping process removes photoresist, which is used to protect the copper traces being formed during the etch process.

Megan Donahue

2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

354

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new lightbulbs gives you the greatest energy savings, reliability, and

355

Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacement Generation Tax Exemption Replacement Generation Tax Exemption Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Local Government Residential Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Bioenergy Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info Start Date 01/01/2008 (retroactively effective) State Iowa Program Type Corporate Exemption Rebate Amount 100% exemption for self-generators, landfill gas and wind Reduced rate for large hydro Provider Iowa Department of Revenue Iowa imposes a replacement generation tax of 0.06 cents ($0.0006) per kilowatt-hour (kWh) on various forms of electricity generated within the state. This tax is imposed in lieu of a property tax on generation facilities. Under the Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption, the following

356

Electrical Equipment Replacement: Energy Efficiency versus System Compatibility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrical equipment components are replaced every day because of failure, obsolescence, or upgrade. Because of technological gains, replacement components are typically more energy efficient than older equipment. Life cycle cost analyses encourage end users to select the most energy efficient equipment when replacing motors, motor drives, transformers, lamps, ballasts, etc., given costs associated with energy consumption when compared with installation. The selection of replacement parts that are compatible with existing system components and loads is critical. The purpose of this paper is to discuss fundamental electrical design principles often overlooked when replacing existing equipment with energy efficient models. NOTE: The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States of America, the U. S. Department of Justice, or the Federal Bureau of Prisons.

Massey, G. W.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Superconducting Magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mit Hilfe der Technologie supraleitender Magnete lassen sich in Mit Hilfe der Technologie supraleitender Magnete lassen sich in Ringbeschleunigern höhere Energien erreichen. Weil supraleitende Spulen keinen elektrischen Widerstand aufweisen, können damit stärkere Magnetfelder erzeugt werden. In normal leitenden Elektromagneten wird - wegen des elektrischen Widerstands der Drähte - die Spule aufgeheizt. Auf diese Weise geht sehr viel Energie in Form von Wärme verloren, was die Energiekosten dieser Magnete in die Höhe treibt. Supraleitende Spulen erlauben es, Magnete grosser Feldstärke unter günstigen Bedingungen zu betreiben und damit die Energiekosten zu senken. Durch den Einbau supraleitender Spulen in den Ringbeschleuniger von Fermilab konnte dessen Energie verdoppelt werden.Auch der im Bau befindliche "Large Hadron Collider" am CERN wird supraleitende Magnete

358

Magnetic nanotubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic nanotube includes bacterial magnetic nanocrystals contacted onto a nanotube which absorbs the nanocrystals. The nanocrystals are contacted on at least one surface of the nanotube. A method of fabricating a magnetic nanotube includes synthesizing the bacterial magnetic nanocrystals, which have an outer layer of proteins. A nanotube provided is capable of absorbing the nanocrystals and contacting the nanotube with the nanocrystals. The nanotube is preferably a peptide bolaamphiphile. A nanotube solution and a nanocrystal solution including a buffer and a concentration of nanocrystals are mixed. The concentration of nanocrystals is optimized, resulting in a nanocrystal to nanotube ratio for which bacterial magnetic nanocrystals are immobilized on at least one surface of the nanotubes. The ratio controls whether the nanocrystals bind only to the interior or to the exterior surfaces of the nanotubes. Uses include cell manipulation and separation, biological assay, enzyme recovery, and biosensors.

Matsui, Hiroshi (Glen Rock, NJ); Matsunaga, Tadashi (Tokyo, JP)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

359

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known as a magnetic vortex. At the vortex core, the magnetization turns sharply out of the plane, pointing either up or down. Magnetic data storage based on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong magnetic fields of around half a tesla (approximately one-third the field of the strongest permanent magnet) were previously thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to observe vortex motion and demonstrate the feasibility of using weak magnetic fields as low as 1.5 millitesla (mT) to reverse the direction of a vortex core. The observed switching mechanism, which can be understood within the framework of micromagnetic theory, gives insights into basic magnetization dynamics and their possible application to data storage technologies.

360

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known as a magnetic vortex. At the vortex core, the magnetization turns sharply out of the plane, pointing either up or down. Magnetic data storage based on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong magnetic fields of around half a tesla (approximately one-third the field of the strongest permanent magnet) were previously thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to observe vortex motion and demonstrate the feasibility of using weak magnetic fields as low as 1.5 millitesla (mT) to reverse the direction of a vortex core. The observed switching mechanism, which can be understood within the framework of micromagnetic theory, gives insights into basic magnetization dynamics and their possible application to data storage technologies.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known as a magnetic vortex. At the vortex core, the magnetization turns sharply out of the plane, pointing either up or down. Magnetic data storage based on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong magnetic fields of around half a tesla (approximately one-third the field of the strongest permanent magnet) were previously thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to observe vortex motion and demonstrate the feasibility of using weak magnetic fields as low as 1.5 millitesla (mT) to reverse the direction of a vortex core. The observed switching mechanism, which can be understood within the framework of micromagnetic theory, gives insights into basic magnetization dynamics and their possible application to data storage technologies.

362

Statement of Secretaries Salazar and Chu on the Permanent Plugging of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretaries Salazar and Chu on the Permanent Plugging Secretaries Salazar and Chu on the Permanent Plugging of Macondo well Statement of Secretaries Salazar and Chu on the Permanent Plugging of Macondo well September 19, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar and Energy Secretary Steven Chu today issued the following statement regarding the permanent plugging of BP's Macondo well. "With the successful first intercept by the relief well and our confirmation through pressure tests that the cement plugs are secure, we can now declare BP's Macondo well effectively dead. At the direction of President Obama and under the leadership of National Incident Commander Thad Allen, we have worked tirelessly and relentlessly as a US Team to reach this point and to provide oversight and direction to the source

363

DOE-Sponsored Field Test Finds Potential for Permanent Storage of CO2 in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Test Finds Potential for Permanent Storage of Field Test Finds Potential for Permanent Storage of CO2 in Lignite Seams DOE-Sponsored Field Test Finds Potential for Permanent Storage of CO2 in Lignite Seams November 4, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A field test sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has demonstrated that opportunities to permanently store carbon in unmineable seams of lignite may be more widespread than previously documented. This finding supports national efforts to address climate change through long-term storage of CO2 in underground geologic reservoirs. Lowering the core barrel at the PCOR Partnership lignite site.The PCOR Partnership, one of seven partnerships in DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program, collaborated with Eagle Operating Inc. (Kenmare, N.D.) to complete the field test in Burke County, N.D. In March

364

Definition: Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frequency-Domain Magnetics Frequency-Domain Magnetics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics AquaTrackTM, a controlled-source frequency domain magnetics tool (CS-FDM), is a patented invention by Willowstick Technologies. This technique is meant to characterize groundwater conditions and flow patterns up to 1,000 m depth.[1] References ↑ http://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/pdf/IGAstandard/SGW/2006/kofoed.pdf Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Controlled_Source_Frequency-Domain_Magnetics&oldid=590084" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load)

365

Ground Magnetics At Alum Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Magnetics At Alum Area (DOE GTP) Ground Magnetics At Alum Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics At Alum Geothermal Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location Alum Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References (1 January 2011) GTP ARRA Spreadsheet Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ground_Magnetics_At_Alum_Area_(DOE_GTP)&oldid=402978" Categories: Exploration Activities DOE Funded Activities ARRA Funded Activities What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services OpenEI partners with a broad range of international organizations to grow

366

Replacing the Rare Earth Intellectual Capital  

SciTech Connect

The rare earth crisis slowly evolved during a 10 to 15 year period beginning in the mid-1980s, when the Chinese began to export mixed rare earth concentrates. In the early 1990s, they started to move up the supply chain and began to export the individual rare earth oxides and metals. By the late 1990s the Chinese exported higher value products, such as magnets, phosphors, polishing compounds, catalysts; and in the 21st century they supplied finished products including electric motors, computers, batteries, liquid-crystal displays (LCDs), TVs and monitors, mobile phones, iPods and compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) light bulbs. As they moved to higher value products, the Chinese slowly drove the various industrial producers and commercial enterprises in the US, Europe and Japan out of business by manipulating the rare earth commodity prices. Because of this, the technically trained rare earth engineers and scientists who worked in areas from mining to separations, to processing to production, to manufacturing of semifinished and final products, were laid-off and moved to other fields or they retired. However, in the past year the Chinese have changed their philosophy of the 1970s and 1980s of forming a rare earth cartel to control the rare earth markets to one in which they will no longer supply the rest of the world (ROW) with their precious rare earths, but instead will use them internally to meet the growing demand as the Chinese standard of living increases. To this end, they have implemented and occasionally increased export restrictions and added an export tariff on many of the high demand rare earth elements. Now the ROW is quickly trying to start up rare earth mines, e.g. Molycorp Minerals in the US and Lynas Corp. in Australia, to cover this shortfall in the worldwide market, but it will take about five years for the supply to meet the demand, even as other mines in the ROW become productive. Unfortunately, today there is a serious lack of technically trained personnel to bring the entire rare earth industry, from mining to original equipment manufacturers (OEM), up to full speed in the next few years. Accompanying this decline in technical expertise, innovation and new products utilizing rare earth elements has slowed dramatically, and it may take a decade or more to recapture America's leading role in technological advancements of rare earth containing products. Before the disruption of the US rare earth industry, about 25,000 people were employed in all aspects of the industry from mining to OEM. Today, only about 1,500 people are employed in these fields. The ratio of non-technically trained persons to those with college degrees in the sciences or engineering varies from about 8 to 1 to about 4 to 1, depending on the particular area of the industry. Assuming an average of 6 to 1, the number of college degree scientists and engineers has decreased from about 4,000 to 250 employed today. In the magnetic industry the approximate numbers are: 6,000 total with 750 technically trained people in the 1980s to 500 totally employed today of which 75 have degrees. The paucity of scientists and engineers with experience and/or training in the various aspects of production and commercialization of the rare earths is a serious limitation to the ability of the US to satisfy its own needs for materials and technologies (1) to maintain our military strength and posture, (2) to assume leadership in critical energy technologies, and (3) to bring new consumer products to the marketplace. The lack of experts is of even greater national importance than the halting in the 1990s and the recent restart of the mining/benification/separation effort in the US; and thus governmental intervention and support for at least five to 10 years will be required to ameliorate this situation. To respond quickly, training programs should be established in conjunction with a national research center at an educational institution with a long tradition in multiple areas of rare earth and other critical elements research and technology. This center should

Gschneidner, Jr., Karl

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Laboratory. ... A 600 MHz Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer. Analytical Data Compilation Reference Materials. ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Study of Catcher Bearings for High Temperature Magnetic Bearing Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Electron Energy Corporation (EEC) along with National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in collaboration with Vibration Control and Electro mechanics Lab (VCEL), Texas A & M University, College Station, TX are researching on high temperature permanent magnet based magnetic bearings. The magnetic bearings are made of high temperature resistant permanent magnets (up to 1000 degrees F). A test rig has been developed to test these magnetic bearings. The test rig mainly consists of two radial bearings, one axial thrust bearing and two catcher bearings. The test rig that the catcher bearing is inserted in is the first ultra-high temperature rig with permanent magnet biased magnetic bearings and motor. The magnetic bearings are permanent magnet based which is a novel concept. The Graphalloy bearings represent a new approach for ultra-high temperature backup bearing applications. One of the main objectives of this research is to insure the mechanical and electrical integrity for all components of the test rig. Some assemblies and accessories required for the whole assembly need to be designed. The assembly methods need to be designed. The preliminary tests for coefficient of friction, Young's modulus and thermal expansion characteristics for catcher bearing material need to be done. A dynamic model needs to be designed for studying and simulating the rotor drop of the shaft onto the catcher bearing using a finite element approach in MATLAB. The assembly of the test rig was completed successfully by developing assembly fixtures and assembly methods. The components of the test rig were tested before assembly. Other necessary systems like Sensor holder system, Graphalloy press fit system were designed, fabricated and tested. The catcher bearing material (Graphalloy) was tested for coefficient of friction and Young's modulus at room and high temperatures. The rotor drop was simulated by deriving a dynamic model, to study the effect of system parameters like clearance, coefficient of friction, negative stiffness, initial spin speed on system behavior. Increasing the friction increases the backward whirl and decreases the rotor stoppage time. Increasing the clearance reduces the stoppage time and increases the peak bearing force. Increasing the initial spin speed increases the rotor stoppage time. The maximum stress encountered for as built conditions is more than allowable limits.

Narayanaswamy, Ashwanth

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Design optimisation of Ironless Motors based on Magnet selection M.C. Greaves*, G.R. Walker* & B.B. Walsh**  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design optimisation of Ironless Motors based on Magnet selection M.C. Greaves*, G.R. Walker* & B. Ltd. Abstract This paper considers the design of a radial flux permanent magnet ironless core brushless DC motor for use in an electric wheel drive with an integrated epicyclic gear reduction. The motor

Walker, Geoff

370

Direct measurement of the impulse in a magnetic thrust chamber system for laser fusion rocket  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experiment is conducted to measure an impulse for demonstrating a magnetic thrust chamber system for laser fusion rocket. The impulse is produced by the interaction between plasma and magnetic field. In the experiment, the system consists of plasma and neodymium permanent magnets. The plasma is created by a single-beam laser aiming at a polystyrene spherical target. The impulse is 1.5 to 2.2 {mu}Ns by means of a pendulum thrust stand, when the laser energy is 0.7 J. Without magnetic field, the measured impulse is found to be zero. These results indicate that the system for generating impulse is working.

Maeno, Akihiro; Yamamoto, Naoji; Nakashima, Hideki [Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Science, Kyushu University, 6-1 Kasuga-kouen, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580 (Japan); Fujioka, Shinsuke; Johzaki, Tomoyuki [Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-087 (Japan); Mori, Yoshitaka [Graduate School for the Creation of New Photonics Industries, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 431-1202 (Japan); Sunahara, Atsushi [Institute for Laser Technology, Suita, Osaka 565-087 (Japan)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

NREL: Energy Sciences - Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science News Events Printable Version Marine Corps Taps NREL to Help Replace Aging Steam Plant with Efficient Biomass Cogeneration January 30, 2013

The 1940s central steam...

372

EA-0923: Winnett School District Boiler Replacement Project, Winnett, Montana  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to replace the Winnett School District complex's existing oil-fired heating system with a new coal-fired heating system with funds...

373

Remarks at the Capability Replacement Laboratory (CRL) Completion Ceremony  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at the Capability Replacement Laboratory (CRL) Completion Ceremony at the Capability Replacement Laboratory (CRL) Completion Ceremony by Deputy Administrator Anne M. Harrington | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > Media Room > Speeches > Remarks at the Capability Replacement Laboratory (CRL) ... Speech Remarks at the Capability Replacement Laboratory (CRL) Completion Ceremony

374

EA-1178: 300 Area Steam Plant Replacement, Hanford Site, Richland,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

78: 300 Area Steam Plant Replacement, Hanford Site, Richland, 78: 300 Area Steam Plant Replacement, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington EA-1178: 300 Area Steam Plant Replacement, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for a proposed energy conservation measure for a number of buildings in the 300 Area of the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site. The proposed action includes replacing the centralized heating system with heating units for individual buildings or groups of buildings, constructing new natural gas pipelines to provide a source for many of these units and constructing a central control building to operate and maintain the system. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD March 12, 1997 EA-1178: Finding of No Significant Impact

375

Water Monitoring Flume Replaced at the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Monitoring Flume Replaced at the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site Water Monitoring Flume Replaced at the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site Water Monitoring Flume Replaced at the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site October 22, 2013 - 11:01am Addthis What does this project do? Goal 1. Protect human health and the environment In August of this year the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) Rocky Flats, site took advantage of an existing water diversion structure that was no longer needed, to replace an aging water monitoring flume and avoid future repairs that could interrupt data collection. The flume for Rocky Flats Legacy Management Agreement (RFLMA) Point of Evaluation (POE) monitoring location GS10 in South Walnut Creek was located at the bottom of fairly steep channel banks. The bank on the south side shows localized slumping and sliding toward the creek and GS10. Although

376

Mechanism of Concentric Eyewall Replacement Cycles and Associated Intensity Change  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To understand the mechanisms responsible for the secondary eyewall replacement cycles and associated intensity changes in intense tropical cyclones (TCs), two numerical experiments are conducted in this study with the Weather Research and ...

Xiaqiong Zhou; Bin Wang

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Replace Pressure-Reducing Valves with Backpressure Turbogenerators  

SciTech Connect

This revised ITP steam tip sheet on replacing pressure-reducing valves provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

Not Available

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

A cache-partitioning aware replacement policy for chip multiprocessors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chip multiprocessors (CMPs) usually employ shared, last-level caches to use on-chip memory resources effectively. Unfortunately, conventional replacement policies applied to shared caches fail to partition memory resources among cores to achieve an optimal ...

Haakon Dybdahl; Per Stenstrm; Lasse Natvig

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Laboratory Evaluation of LED T8 Replacement Lamp Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A report on a lab setting analysis involving LED lamps intended to directly replace T8 fluorescent lamps (4') showing light output, power, and economic comparisons with other fluorescent options.

Richman, Eric E.; Kinzey, Bruce R.; Miller, Naomi J.

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

380

Drop-in replacement biofuels : meeting the challenge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a discussion on the challenges that must be met to fulfill the U.S. Navy's strategic imperatives for its energy vision. It provides an introduction to drop-in replacement biofuels, the options amongst ...

Bhargava, Alok (Alok Kishore)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Marin County - Wood Stove Replacement Rebate Program (California...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DSIRE1 Summary The County of Marin has created a rebate program to encourage homeowners to remove or replace non-EPA certified wood-burning heaters (wood stoves and...

382

Developing a total replacement cost index for suburban office projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the components of replacement costs for office developments, and how these components combine to create total development costs is essential for success in office real estate development. Surprisingly, the ...

Hansen, David John, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: LED Replacement...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I'd like to welcome everyone to this webcast on the very timely topic of light emitting diode replacement lamps and the latest on the ENERGY STAR programs efforts in this...

384

Intensity and Structure Changes during Hurricane Eyewall Replacement Cycles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A flight-level aircraft dataset consisting of 79 Atlantic basin hurricanes from 1977 to 2007 was used to develop an unprecedented climatology of inner-core intensity and structure changes associated with eyewall replacement cycles (ERCs). During ...

Matthew Sitkowski; James P. Kossin; Christopher M. Rozoff

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Factors affecting the permanence of livestock projects undertaken by Heifer International-Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heifer International-Mexico (HI-M), a hunger-relieving non-profit organization, collaborates with the Direccin? General de Educacin? Tecnolg?ica Agropecuaria-Durango (DGETA) to establish livestock projects involving resource-poor families in the state of Durango, Mexico. This study identified and analyzed the factors affecting the permanence of hog and dairy cow projects in four communities in the state of Durango, Mexico. The researcher interviewed seven project managers and 35 beneficiaries to identify the factors affecting the permanence of livestock projects. From their responses, the researcher developed a list of 22 factors that promoted the permanence of the livestock projects. Key points included personal interaction between beneficiaries in the group(s) and project manager(s), knowledge and skills obtained from workshops, and household economics. The researcher developed a separate list of 20 factors that inhibited the permanence of the livestock projects. Key points included difficulties in livestock production and poor personal interaction and communication between beneficiaries and project managers. Two diagrams illustrate the commonalities and differences advocated by the two groups for both lists. Beneficiaries and project managers shared eight of the 14 factors advocated to promote the permanence of livestock projects. Beneficiaries had four factors unique to their group and the project managers had two factors unique to their group. Beneficiaries and project managers shared seven of the 13 factors advocated to inhibit the permanence of livestock projects. Four factors were unique to beneficiaries while two factors were unique to project managers. The researcher used a force field analysis based concept labeled the "line of permanence," to illustrate the factors affecting the permanence of HI-M's livestock projects in the communities. Community A was the only location where the interviewees identified more factors inhibiting the permanence of a livestock project. Community A was also the only community that no longer had animals HI-M donated to the community. In contrast to Community A, project managers and beneficiaries in Communities A, B, and C each identified more factors that promoted the permanence of the livestock projects. The author made recommendations based on the findings of the study for HI-M and DGETA to improve the manner by which they undertake livestock projects.

Arispe, Sergio Adrian

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Guidelines for Replacement Materials for Service Water Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many power plants have ordered replacement materials for service water system components such as piping and heat exchanger tubing, only to find that the replacement materials do not perform as expected. Plant personnel who believed they were procuring like-for-like materials are at a loss as to why more modern materials, and components fabricated from more modern materials, can often provide inferior service, compared to original equipment. This report from the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) lo...

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

387

A study of replacement rules for a parallel fleet replacement problem based on user preference utilization pattern and alternative fuel considerations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Parallel fleet replacement problems deal with determining an optimal replacement schedule that results in a minimal total cost of owning and operating a fleet within a finite planning horizon. In this paper, the fleet consists of service vehicles, varying ... Keywords: Alternative fuels, Parallel fleet replacement, Replacement rules, User preference utilization

Parthana Parthanadee; Jirachai Buddhakulsomsiri; Peerayuth Charnsethikul

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Neutrino magnetic moment in a magnetized plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The contribution of a magnetized plasma to the neutrino magnetic moment is calculated. It is shown that only part of the additional neutrino energy in magnetized plasma connecting with its spin and magnetic field strength defines the neutrino magnetic moment. It is found that the presence of magnetized plasma does not lead to the considerable increase of the neutrino magnetic moment in contrast to the results presented in literature previously.

N. V. Mikheev; E. N. Narynskaya

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

389

Brushless machine having ferromagnetic side plates and side magnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An apparatus is provided having a cylindrical stator and a rotor that is spaced from a stator to define an annular primary air gap that receives AC flux from the stator. The rotor has a plurality of longitudinal pole portions disposed parallel to the axis of rotation and alternating in polarity around a circumference of the rotor. Each longitudinal pole portion includes portions of permanent magnet (PM) material and at least one of the longitudinal pole portions has a first end and an opposing second end and a side magnet is disposed adjacent the first end and a side pole is disposed adjacent the second end.

Hsu, John S

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

390

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scale Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Plant", IEEEfor SlIperconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Unit", inSuperconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Plant, Advances in

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Magnetization Characterization Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... use of magnetic materials for motors, generators, transformers ... all depend on the specific magnetic characteristics of ... For example, a magnet used in ...

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

392

Magnetic separation of micro-spheres from viscous biological fluids.  

SciTech Connect

A magnetically based detoxification system is being developed as a therapeutic tool for selective and rapid removal of biohazards, i.e. chemicals and radioactive substances, from human blood. One of the key components of this system is a portable magnetic separator capable of separating polymer-based magnetic nano/micro-spheres from arterial blood flow in an ex vivo unit. The magnetic separator consists of an array of alternating and parallel capillary tubing and magnetizable wires, which is exposed to an applied magnetic field created by two parallel permanent magnets such that the magnetic field is perpendicular to both the wires and the fluid flow. In this paper, the performance of this separator was evaluated via preliminary in vitro flow experiments using a separator unit consisting of single capillary glass tubing and two metal wires. Pure water, ethylene glycol-water solution (v:v = 39:61 and v:v = 49:51) and human whole blood were used as the fluids. The results showed that when the viscosity increased from 1.0 cp to 3.0 cp, the capture efficiency (CE) decreased from 90% to 56%. However, it is still feasible to obtain >90% CE in blood flow if the separator design is optimized to create higher magnetic gradients and magnetic fields in the separation area.

Chen, H.; Kaminski, M. D.; Xianqiao, L.; Caviness, P.; Torno, M.; Rosengart, A. J.; Dhar, P.; Chemical Engineering; Univ. of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine; Illinois Inst. of Tech.

2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

393

MAGNETIC GRID  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electronic grid is designed employing magnetic forces for controlling the passage of charged particles. The grid is particularly applicable to use in gas-filled tubes such as ignitrons. thyratrons, etc., since the magnetic grid action is impartial to the polarity of the charged particles and, accordingly. the sheath effects encountered with electrostatic grids are not present. The grid comprises a conductor having sections spaced apart and extending in substantially opposite directions in the same plane, the ends of the conductor being adapted for connection to a current source.

Post, R.F.

1960-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Scaling of Superconducting Switches for Extraction of Magnetic Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In certain cases it is necessary to extract the energy from a superconducting magnet when it quenches, in order to limit the heat generated by the event and thus prevent irreversible damage. This is usually achieved by opening a contact breaker across a resistor in the circuit feeding the magnet. For the heavy currents used to excite large magnets such switches incorporate sophisticated devices to limit arcing during the operation; besides being quite large and expensive, such switches have a limited lifetime. It is therefore interesting to consider the use of superconducting switches to perform this function, the advantage being that such switches would (i) not require maintenance and (ii) would be housed within the cryogenic environment of the magnet, and thus avoid permanent diversion of the current in and out of that environment to the mechanical switch (which operates at room temperature). However, practical switches for such an application are made up of superconductor in a metal matrix, and it is conve...

Ballarino, A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

GRR/Section 3-TX-d - Lease of Permanent School Fund Land | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3-TX-d - Lease of Permanent School Fund Land 3-TX-d - Lease of Permanent School Fund Land < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 3-TX-d - Lease of Permanent School Fund Land 03-TX-d - Lease of Public School Fund Land (1).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 03-TX-d - Lease of Public School Fund Land (1).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative This flowchart illustrates the process of leasing Public School Fund (PSF) lands in Texas. The Texas General Land Office (GLO) oversees the leasing process for PSF lands through Title 31 of the Texas Administrative Code

396

Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cobalt Discovery Replaces Precious Metals Cobalt Discovery Replaces Precious Metals Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst Cobalt holds promise as an industrial catalyst with potential applications in such energy-related technologies such as production of biofuels and reduction of carbon dioxide. November 26, 2012 The artwork depicts the substitution of cobalt for precious metals in catalysis as a variation on the ancient alchemical theme of transmuting base metals into precious ones. The artwork depicts the substitution of cobalt for precious metals in catalysis as a variation on the ancient alchemical theme of transmuting base metals into precious ones. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 699-1149 Email Catalysts are also integral to thousands of industrial, synthetic, and

397

Replacement-2-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule 2-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Replacement-2-A Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Replacement Energy System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in North Carolina and Virginia to whom power is provided pursuant to contracts between the Government and the customer from the John H. Kerr and Philpott Projects (or Kerr-Philpott System). This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale of wholesale energy purchased to meet contract minimum energy and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. Document Available for Download Replacement-2-A Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications Southeastern Power Administration 2010 Annual Report

398

Information Resources: LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps Webcast Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps Webcast In this June 20, 2011 webcast on LED products marketed as replacements for linear fluorescent lamps, Jason Tuenge of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) discussed current Lighting Facts-listed products as well as products evaluated in the latest CALiPER reports. Eric Richman, also of PNNL, reported on a recently completed GATEWAY demonstration project, in which LED and fluorescent lamps were installed in a variety of recessed troffer luminaires for comparison in an office environment. The presentation concluded with a discussion of specifications listed in a newly updated technology fact sheet. View presentation slides View the text-alternative version View the webcast (WMV 16 MB) Download Windows Media Player

399

Milling Machine Replacement Project (4587), 5/11/2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Milling Machine Replacement Projects (4587) Milling Machine Replacement Projects (4587) Program or Field Office: Y-12 Site Office Location(s) (City/County/State): Oak Ridge, Anderson County, Tennessee Proposed Action Description: Submit by E-mail The proposed action is to replace two large milling machines with two new medium sized CNC milling machines. The new machines will be connected to the digital network communication (DNC) system. Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: 81.31 -Installation or relocation of machinery and equipment For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, including the full text of each categorical exclusion, see Subpart D of 10 CFR Part 1021. Regulatory Requirements in 10 CFR 1021.410(b): (See full text in regulation)

400

Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cobalt Discovery Replaces Precious Metals Cobalt Discovery Replaces Precious Metals Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst Cobalt holds promise as an industrial catalyst with potential applications in such energy-related technologies such as production of biofuels and reduction of carbon dioxide. November 26, 2012 The artwork depicts the substitution of cobalt for precious metals in catalysis as a variation on the ancient alchemical theme of transmuting base metals into precious ones. The artwork depicts the substitution of cobalt for precious metals in catalysis as a variation on the ancient alchemical theme of transmuting base metals into precious ones. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 699-1149 Email Catalysts are also integral to thousands of industrial, synthetic, and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Duct Chase Sprinkler Replacement Project (4594), 5/31/2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Duct Chase Sprinkler Replacement Project (4594) Duct Chase Sprinkler Replacement Project (4594) Program or Field Office: Y-12 Site Office Location(s) (Citv/County/State): Oak Ridge, Anderson County, Tennessee Proposed Action Description: The proposed action is provide replacement of corroded and aged sprinkler heads in the plenum duct chases. Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: 81.3- Routine maintenance Submit by E-mail For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, including the full text of each categorical exclusion, see Subpart D of I 0 CFR Part 1021. Regulatory Requirements in 10 CFR 1021.410(b): (See full text in regulation) [{Jrhe proposal fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A orB to 10 CFR Part 1021, Subpart D.

402

Public Invited to Comment on Draft Environmental Assessment for Replacement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Public Invited to Comment on Draft Environmental Assessment for Public Invited to Comment on Draft Environmental Assessment for Replacement Capability for Disposal of Remote-Handled Low Level Radioactive Waste Generated at the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho Site Public Invited to Comment on Draft Environmental Assessment for Replacement Capability for Disposal of Remote-Handled Low Level Radioactive Waste Generated at the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho Site September 1, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Tim Jackson 208-526-8484 The U.S. Department of Energy invites the public to read and comment on a draft environmental assessment it has prepared, for a proposal to provide a replacement capability for continued disposal of remote-handled low-level radioactive waste that is generated at the Idaho National Laboratory site.

403

Simple Maintenance Saves Costly Furnace Repair/Replacement | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Simple Maintenance Saves Costly Furnace Repair/Replacement Simple Maintenance Saves Costly Furnace Repair/Replacement Simple Maintenance Saves Costly Furnace Repair/Replacement January 6, 2010 - 8:26am Addthis Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory For the past few weeks, my forced-air gas furnace has been on the fritz. I blame this on the fact that I haven't been as diligent as I should have been with regular furnace maintenance, which includes: Checking the condition of the vent connection pipe and chimney Checking the physical integrity of the heat exchanger Adjusting the controls to provide optimum water and air temperature settings for both efficiency and comfort Having a technician perform a combustion-efficiency test Checking the combustion chamber for cracks. Testing for carbon monoxide

404

Sprinkler Head Replacement (4586), 4/24/2012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sprinkler Head Replacement Projects (4586) Sprinkler Head Replacement Projects (4586) Program or Field Office: Y-12 Site Office Location(s) (Citv/Countv/State): Oak Ridge, Anderson County, Tennessee Proposed Action Description: The proposed action is to replace approximately 1 ,300 sprinkler heads upgrade fire protection systems. Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: 81.3- Routine maintenance Submit by E-mail For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, including the full text of each categorical exclusion, see Subpart D of 10 CFR Part 1021. Regulatory Requirements in 10 CFR 1021.410(b): (See full text in regulation) [{Jrhe proposal fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A orB to 10 CFR Part 1021, Subpart D. To fit within the classes of actions listed in 10 CFR Part 1021, Subpart D, Appendix B, a proposal must be one that would not: (1) threaten

405

Replacement of Data from IHS With Those from HPDI  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Replacement of Data from IHS With Those from HPDI Replacement of Data from IHS With Those from HPDI The EIA-914 estimation methodology published in September 2005 used data from IHS, Inc., as a source for calibration of historical monthly production data. As of August 2006, these data have been replaced with data from HPDI, LLC. EIA does not have access to both the full IHS and the HPDI data for an overlap period sufficiently long to allow comprehensive model estimation under both data sources and analysis of the effects on the model estimates of the change from IHS to HPDI. Comparisons of IHS and HPDI data series, however, reveal no evidence of any large or systematic differences between the raw IHS and HPDI estimates that serve as model inputs. Figure 1 illustrates the overall order of magnitude of the differences between

406

Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst Cobalt holds promise as an industrial catalyst with potential applications in such energy-related technologies such as production of biofuels and reduction of carbon dioxide. November 26, 2012 The artwork depicts the substitution of cobalt for precious metals in catalysis as a variation on the ancient alchemical theme of transmuting base metals into precious ones. The artwork depicts the substitution of cobalt for precious metals in catalysis as a variation on the ancient alchemical theme of transmuting base metals into precious ones. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 699-1149 Email Catalysts are also integral to thousands of industrial, synthetic, and

407

Guide for Determining Motor Repair versus Motor Replacement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Motor Replacement/Refurbishment Guide (MRRG) was written to aid with the determination on whether to repair an existing motor or to purchase a replacement motor. This guideline provides the basic tools necessary to make a determination based upon, but not limited to, the extent of the repair scope and the cost of the repair. This guideline presents a process to be utilized by the station or corporate motor specialist to assess the motor repair scope both initial and revised. The data gathering proces...

2005-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

408

Microsoft Word - CX-TroutdaleWindowReplacement_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 2011 , 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Eric Weekley Project Manager - NWM-4 Proposed Action: Replace existing steel windows at the Troutdale Substation control house PP&A Project No.: PP&A-1699 Budget Information: Work Order No. 242796 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities and custodial services for buildings, structures, ... Location: Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Troutdale Substation located in Troutdale, Oregon Proposed by: BPA Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace the deteriorating existing steel windows at the Troutdale Substation control house with new, in-kind steel windows.

409

Questions about Magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

off just the north (or just the south) end of a magnet? Are magnets stronger than gravity? Hold a magnet in the air. Place a nail against it. The magnet holds the nail up...

410

Stress Testing of the Philips 60W Replacement Lamp L Prize Entry  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, operated by Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy, worked with Intertek to develop a procedure for stress testing medium screw-base light sources. This procedure, composed of alternating stress cycles and performance evaluation, was used to qualitatively compare and contrast the durability and reliability of the Philips 60W replacement lamp L Prize entry with market-proven compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) with comparable light output and functionality. The stress cycles applied simultaneous combinations of electrical, thermal, vibration, and humidity stresses of increasing magnitude. Performance evaluations measured relative illuminance, x chromaticity and y chromaticity shifts after each stress cycle. The Philips L Prize entry lamps appear to be appreciably more durable than the incumbent energy-efficient technology, as represented by the evaluated CFLs, and with respect to the applied stresses. Through the course of testing, all 15 CFL samples permanently ceased to function as a result of the applied stresses, while only 1 Philips L Prize entry lamp exhibited a failure, the nature of which was minor, non-destructive, and a consequence of a known (and resolved) subcontractor issue. Given that current CFL technology appears to be moderately mature and no Philips L Prize entry failures could be produced within the stress envelope causing 100 percent failure of the benchmark CFLs, it seems that, in this particular implementation, light-emitting diode (LED) technology would be much more durable in the field than current CFL technology. However, the Philips L Prize entry lamps used for testing were carefully designed and built for the competition, while the benchmark CFLs were mass produced for retail salea distinction that should be taken into consideration. Further reliability testing on final production samples would be necessary to judge the extent to which the results of this analysis apply to production versions of the Philips L Prize entry.

Poplawski, Michael E.; Ledbetter, Marc R.; Smith, Mark

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

411

Downhole replaceable drill bit: progress report and program plan  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The significant progress in the development of the downhole replaceable drill bit which had been completed by the end of January 1976 is reviewed. A long-range program plan is included to indicate the level of effort required to bring this system to commercial production.

Newsom, M.M.; St. Clair, J.A.; Ashmore, R.F.; Dodd, H.M. Jr.

1976-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Economics of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) machine replacement. Master's thesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Continued use of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) refrigerants may have a severe financial as well as operational impact on the users of air-conditioning and other refrigeration equipment as price increases continue and production is phased out. With production of CFC's coming to a halt on 31 December 1995, the two major refrigerants that have been used in commercial and industrial cooling applications will no longer be available. The phase out of production is a result of national and international agreement that these, as well as other CFC's, are a primary cause of the depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer. To help the user reduce this impact, an economic model based on the time value of money and utilizing replacement analysis was developed. The model is designed to require the user to supply information on his own equipment and on the projected costs of non-CFC replacement equipment. After running the model, the point in time when the existing equipment should be replaced is indicated. By way of example, the model is applied to a centrifugal chiller application. The results of this approach indicate that the increase in CFC costs is only a small factor in the cost of chiller operation. Rather than make a replacement to avoid the high price of refrigerant, the controlling factor is the overall cost of power consumption required to provide the cooling effect.

Rudderow, G.D.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Single-molecule electron diffraction imaging with charge replacement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the possibility of non-destructive electron diffraction imaging of a single molecule to determine its structure. The molecular specimen will be held on a free-standing sheet of graphene. Due to the high conductivity of graphene, electrons lost by ionization would be rapidly replaced, enabling repeated nondestructive interrogation. Limits of resolution, maximum particle size and required electron flux are assessed.

Fill, E E; Raizen, M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

HVAC & Building Management Control System Energy Efficiency Replacements  

SciTech Connect

The project objective was the replacement of an aging, un-repairable HVAC system which has grown inefficient and a huge energy consumer with low energy and efficient HVAC units, and installation of energy efficient building control technologies at City's YMCA Community Center.

Hernandez, Adriana

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

415

Plant Process Computer Upgrade Guidelines, Volume 1: Replacement Guidelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The gradual obsolescence of the original plant process computers at nuclear power plants decreases their effectiveness in supporting plant operation and maintenance. This project, based on the practical experience of utility personnel, presents guidelines on plant process computer replacement planning and implementation.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Selection and Implementation of a Replacement Cutting Tool Selection Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new commercial cutting tool software package replaced an internally created legacy system. This report describes the issues that surfaced during the migration and installation of the commercial package and the solutions employed. The primary issues discussed are restructuring the data between two drastically different database schemas and the creation of individual component graphics.

Rice, Gordon

2008-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

417

Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan, 1990 -1999.  

SciTech Connect

In 1988 Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) began work on this Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan to develop a levelized program that would assure high system reliability. During the Programs in Perspective (PIP) meetings in the late summer and fall of 1988, many of the concerns to be addressed in an Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement Plan were identified. Following these PIP meetings BPA established internal work groups. During the winter and spring of 1989, these work groups developed technical background and issue papers on topics that ranged from substation maintenance to environmental protection. In addition, a customer forum group was established and met on several occasions to review work on the plan, to offer ideas and points of view, and to assure that BPA understood customer concerns. Based on recommendations from the work group reports and customer input, BPA's O M Management Team developed the draft Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan that was released for public comment during the spring of 1990. During the public review period, BPA received a number of written comments from customers and the interested public. In addition, special meetings were held with interested customers. This final Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan reflects BPA's response to customers and interested public on each topic discussed in the 10-Year Plan. The plan is a distillation of BPA's strategies to achieve a levelized program over 10 years.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan, 1990--1999  

SciTech Connect

In 1988 Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) began work on this Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan to develop a levelized program that would assure high system reliability. During the Programs in Perspective (PIP) meetings in the later summer and fall of 1988, many of the concerns to be addressed in an Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement Plan were identified. Following these PIP meetings BPA established internal work groups. During the winter and spring of 1989, these work groups developed technical background and issue papers on topics that ranged from substation maintenance to environmental protection. In addition, a customer forum group was established and met on several occasions to review work on the plan, to offer ideas and points of view, and to assure that BPA understood customer concerns. Based on recommendations from the work group reports and customer input, BPA's O M Management Team developed the draft Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan that was released for public comment during the spring of 1990. During the public review period, BPA received a number of written comments from customers and the interested public. In addition, special meetings were held with interested customers. This final Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-year Plan reflects BPA's response to customers and interested public on each topic discussed in the 10-Year Plan. The plan is a distillation of BPA's strategies to achieve a levelized program over 10 years.

Not Available

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

magnets2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

II II Painless Physics Articles BEAM COOLING August 2, 1996 By Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affairs ACCELERATION August 16, 1996 By Dave Finley, Accelerator Division Head RF August 30, 1996 By Pat Colestock, Accelerator Division FIXED TARGET PHYSICS September 20, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section FIXED TARGET PHYSICS PART DEUX October 16, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section and Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris CROSS SECTION November 1, 1996 By Doreen Wackeroth, Theoretical Physics Edited by Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris MAGNETS PART I November 15, 1996 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs MAGNETS PART II January 10, 1997 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs

420

The WIPP is the nation's first geologic facility designed for permanent disposal of transuranic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The WIPP is the nation's first geologic facility designed for permanent disposal of transuranic, New Mexico to dispose of this waste. The TRU waste being disposed at the WIPP is packaged into drums-level waste and spent nuclear fuel. The WIPP has a total capacity of 6.2 million cubic feet of TRU waste

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

ccsd00004205, Calculation of accurate permanent dipole moments of the lowest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inhomogeneous external electric #12;elds [18]. Besides, the "`historical"' approach based on photoassociation of molecules with a permanent electric dipole moment (usually labelled as dipolar molecules) using computed the rates for the photoassociation of mixed alkali pairs, and for the susbsequent formation

422

Ice-Tethered Profiler Measurements of Dissolved Oxygen under Permanent Ice Cover in the Arctic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four ice-tethered profilers (ITPs), deployed between 2006 and 2009, have provided year-round dissolved oxygen (DO) measurements from the surface mixed layer to 760-m depth under the permanent sea ice cover in the Arctic Ocean. These ITPs drifted ...

M.-L. Timmermans; R. Krishfield; S. Laney; J. Toole

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Permanent Closure of MFC Biodiesel Underground Storage Tank 99ANL00013  

SciTech Connect

This closure package documents the site assessment and permanent closure of the Materials and Fuels Complex biodiesel underground storage tank 99ANL00013 in accordance with the regulatory requirements established in 40 CFR 280.71, Technical Standards and Corrective Action Requirements for Owners and Operators of Underground Storage Tanks: Out-of-Service UST Systems and Closure.

Kerry L. Nisson

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Generation and Stability of a Quasi-Permanent Vortex in the Lofoten Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the Nordic seas the Lofoten Basin is a region of high mesoscale activity. The generation mechanism and the conditions for the stability of a quasi-permanent vortex in the center of the Lofoten Basin are studied with a high-resolution ocean ...

Armin Khl

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Magnetic Reconnection  

SciTech Connect

We review the fundamental physics of magnetic reconnection in laboratory and space plasmas, by discussing results from theory, numerical simulations, observations from space satellites, and the recent results from laboratory plasma experiments. After a brief review of the well-known early work, we discuss representative recent experimental and theoretical work and attempt to interpret the essence of significant modern findings. In the area of local reconnection physics, many significant findings have been made with regard to two- uid physics and are related to the cause of fast reconnection. Profiles of the neutral sheet, Hall currents, and the effects of guide field, collisions, and micro-turbulence are discussed to understand the fundamental processes in a local reconnection layer both in space and laboratory plasmas. While the understanding of the global reconnection dynamics is less developed, notable findings have been made on this issue through detailed documentation of magnetic self-organization phenomena in fusion plasmas. Application of magnetic reconnection physics to astrophysical plasmas is also brie y discussed.

Masaaki Yamada, Russell Kulsrud and Hantao Ji

2009-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

426

Absolute magnetic helicity and the cylindrical magnetic field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The different magnetic helicities conserved under conditions of perfect electrical conductivity are expressions of the fundamental property that every evolving fluid surface conserves its net magnetic flux. This basic hydromagnetic point unifies the well known Eulerian helicities with the Lagrangian helicity defined by the conserved fluxes frozen into a prescribed set of disjoint toroidal tubes of fluid flowing as a permanent partition of the entire fluid [B. C. Low, Astrophys. J. 649, 1064 (2006)]. This unifying theory is constructed from first principles, beginning with an analysis of the Eulerian and Lagrangian descriptions of fluids, separating the ideas of fluid and magnetic-flux tubes and removing the complication of the magnetic vector potential's free gauge from the concept of helicity. The analysis prepares for the construction of a conserved Eulerian helicity, without that gauge complication, to describe a 3D anchored flux in an upright cylindrical domain, this helicity called absolute to distinguish it from the well known relative helicity. In a version of the Chandrasekhar-Kendall representation, the evolving field at any instant is a unique superposition of a writhed, untwisted axial flux with a circulating flux of field lines all closed and unlinked within the cylindrical domain. The absolute helicity is then a flux-weighted sum of the writhe of that axial flux and its mutual linkage with the circulating flux. The absolute helicity is also conserved if the frozen-in field and its domain are continuously deformed by changing the separation between the rigid cylinder-ends with no change of cylinder radius. This hitherto intractable cylindrical construction closes a crucial conceptual gap for the fundamentals to be complete at last. The concluding discussion shows the impact of this development on our understanding of helicity, covering (i) the helicities of wholly contained and anchored fields; (ii) the Eulerian and Lagrangian descriptions of field evolution; (iii) twist as a topological property of solenoidal fields versus the linkage properties of open and closed discrete curves treated by Gauss, Caligarneau, Berger, and Prior; and (iv) the change of absolute helicity by resistive diffusion. These are important hydromagnetic properties of twisted magnetic fields in the million-degree hot, highly conducting corona of the Sun.

Low, B. C. [High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado 80307 (United States)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

427

82 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, VOL. 24, NO. 1, MARCH 2009 Optimization of Multibrid Permanent-Magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- ther employed for a range of wind turbines from 750 kW up to 10 MW. The suitable ranges of gear ratios, the analytical model of a multibrid wind turbine concept consisting of a single-stage gearbox and a three-drive and multibrid wind turbine configurations are obtained, and the suitable ranges of gear ratios for different

Hansen, René Rydhof

428

Design and performance evaluation of an electric go-kart and custom permanent magnet brushless DC motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This undergraduate thesis documents the design considerations and specifications of building a personal battery-powered go-kart. This includes designing and building a custom brushless DC motor for use in the drivetrain. ...

Davis, Eli Marc

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Microsoft Word - Roza_Transformer_Replacement_CX_Final.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clearance Memorandum Clearance Memorandum Patricia Smith Project Manager KEWU-4 Proposed Action: Replace two broken transformers near the Roza Dam adult trap facility Budget Information: Work Order #188534, Task #1 Fish and Wildlife Project No.: 1997-013-25 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility area including, but not limited to, switchyard rock grounding upgrades, secondary containment projects, paving projects, seismic upgrading, tower modifications, changing insulators, and replacement of poles, circuit breakers, conductors, transformers, and crossarms. Location: Roza Diversion Dam Adult Trap Facility , Township 15 North, Range 19 East,

430

L Prize Competition Winner 60W Incandesent Replacement Lamp Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Deployment Technology Deployment Working Group L Prize ® Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update James E. Rannels, Senior Advisor L Prize Competition D&R International May 23, 2012 Philips Wins First L Prize 2 * August 3, 2011: Philips announced as winner of 60W replacement bulb category * Product distributed thru commercial and retail channels Image courtesy of Philips -...[O]nce an award is made the authorizing Act directs General Services Administration to develop federal purchasing schedules for solid-state lamps that meet or exceed the specifications laid out in the prize category-so long as it is cost effective. I hope the GSA begins this process soon.‖

431

Categorical Exclusion 4567, MPLE Test Stand Replacement Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

.Forn1 .Forn1 Project Title: MPLE Test Stand Replacement Project (4567) Oak Ridge Tennessee This work scope is upgrade and replace equipment with a new high-pressure leak testing capability. General AdministrationlManagement DA 1 - Routine business actions DA2 - Administrative contract amendments DA4 Interpretations/rulings for existing regulations DA5 - Regulatory interpretations without environmental effect DA6 Procedural rulemakings upgrade DA7 - Transfer of property, use unchanged DA8 - Award of technical supportlM&O/personal service contracts DA9 - Info gathering, analysis, documentation, dissemination, and training DA I 0 - Reports on non-DOE legislation DAII Technical advice and planning assistance construction/operation/decommissioning DA 12 -

432

Microsoft Word - CX-Coulee_Westside_Relay_Replacement_130205.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2013 6, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Roy Slocum Project Manager - TEP-CSB-2 Proposed Action: Coulee-Westside Transfer Trip Replacement Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.7 Electronic Equipment Locations: Grand Coulee, WA and Spokane, WA Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: The BPA has entered into a three-party agreement with Bureau of Reclamation (Bureau) and Avista Corporation (Avista) to coordinate the replacement of relays and removal of transfer trip equipment at Avista's Westside Substation and the Bureau's Grand Coulee Switchyard on the Grand Coulee-Westside 230-kilovolt (kV) Transmission Line. Under this agreement, BPA proposes to:

433

Repair and Replacement Applications Center Joint Welding Procedure Qualification Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At the request of the EPRI Repair and Replacement Applications Center subscribers, a Joint Welding Procedure Qualification Program was developed to provide a medium whereby multiple utilities can share in the qualification of specific welding procedures. The program was developed in such a manner that it will supplement existing utility welding qualification programs. Specifically the program incorporates the more stringent attributes of each utility's internal welding program while meeting the individua...

1997-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

434

Polypeptide having an amino acid replaced with N-benzylglycine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to one or more polypeptides having useful biological activity in a mammal, which comprise: a polypeptide related to bradykinin of four to ten amino acid residues wherein one or more specific amino acids in the polypeptide chain are replaced with achiral N-benzylglycine. These polypeptide analogues have useful potent agonist or antagonist pharmacological properties depending upon the structure. A preferred polypeptide is (N-benzylglycine.sup.7)-bradykinin.

Mitchell, Alexander R. (Livermore, CA); Young, Janis D. (Los Angeles, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Measure Guideline: Air Conditioner Diagnostics, Maintenance, and Replacement  

SciTech Connect

This guideline responds to the need for an efficient means of identifying, diagnosing, and repairing faults in air conditioning systems in existing homes that are undergoing energy upgrades. Inadequate airflow due to constricted ducts or undersized filters, improper refrigerant charge, and other system defects can be corrected at a fraction of the cost of equipment replacement and can yield significant savings. The guideline presents a two-step approach to diagnostics and repair.

Springer, D.; Dakin, B.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Remote telerobotic replacement for master-slave manipulator  

SciTech Connect

A remotely replaceable telerobotic manipulator (TRM) has been developed and deployed at the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) in support of its radioactive operation. The TRM replaces a Master-Slave Manipulator (MSM). The TRM is in use for both routine and recovery operations for the radioactive waste vitrification melter, the primary production device within the DWPF. The arm was designed for deployment and operation using an existing MSM penetration. This replacement of an existing MSM with a high power robotic device demonstrates the capability to perform similar replacement in other operating facilities. The MSM`s were originally deployed in the DWPF to perform routine light capacity tasks. During the testing phase of the DWPF, prior to its radioactive startup in 5/96, the need to remove glass deposits that can form at the melter discharge during filling of glass containment canisters was identified. The combination of high radiation and contamination in the DWPF melter cell during radioactive operation eliminated personnel entry as a recovery option. Therefore remote cleaning methods had to be devised. The MSM`s had neither the reach nor the strength required for this task. It became apparent that a robust manipulator arm would be required for recovery from these potential melter discharge pluggage events. The existing wall penetrations, used for the MSM`s, could not be altered for seismic and radiological reasons. The new manipulator was required to be of considerable reach, due to existing physical layout, and strength, due to the glass removal requirement. Additionally, the device would have to compatible with high radiation and remote crane installation. The physical size of the manipulator and the weight of components must be consistent with the existing facilities. It was recognized early-on that a manipulator of sufficient strength to recover from a pluggage event would require robotic functions to constrain undesirable motions.

Heckendorn, F.M.; Iverson, D.C. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, Aiken, SC (United States); LaValle, D.R. [PaR Systems Inc., Shorview, MN (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Draft 1992 : Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan.  

SciTech Connect

Two years ago, BPA released its first-ever Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement (OM&R) 10-Year Plan. That effort broke new ground and was an extensive look at the condition of Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement on BPA`s power system. This document -- the 1992 OM&R 10-Year Plan -- uses that original plan as its foundation. It takes a look at how well BPA has accomplished the challenging task set out in the 1990 Plan. The 1992 Plan also introduces the Construction Program. Construction`s critical role in these programs is explored, and the pressures of construction workload -- such as the seasonal nature of the work and the broad swings in workload between projects and years -- are discussed. The document then looks at how situations may have changed with issues explored initially in the 1990 Plan. Importantly, this Plan also surfaces and explains some new issues that threaten to impact BPA`s ability to accomplish its OM&R workload. Finally, the document focuses on the revised strategies for Operations, Maintenance, Replacement, Construction, and Environment for the 1992 to 2001 time period, including the financial and human resources needed to accomplish those strategies.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Draft 1992 : Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement 10-Year Plan.  

SciTech Connect

Two years ago, BPA released its first-ever Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement (OM R) 10-Year Plan. That effort broke new ground and was an extensive look at the condition of Operations, Maintenance, and Replacement on BPA's power system. This document -- the 1992 OM R 10-Year Plan -- uses that original plan as its foundation. It takes a look at how well BPA has accomplished the challenging task set out in the 1990 Plan. The 1992 Plan also introduces the Construction Program. Construction's critical role in these programs is explored, and the pressures of construction workload -- such as the seasonal nature of the work and the broad swings in workload between projects and years -- are discussed. The document then looks at how situations may have changed with issues explored initially in the 1990 Plan. Importantly, this Plan also surfaces and explains some new issues that threaten to impact BPA's ability to accomplish its OM R workload. Finally, the document focuses on the revised strategies for Operations, Maintenance, Replacement, Construction, and Environment for the 1992 to 2001 time period, including the financial and human resources needed to accomplish those strategies.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Superconducting magnet  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting magnet designed to produce magnetic flux densities of the order of 4 to 5 Webers per square meter is constructed by first forming a cable of a plurality of matrixed superconductor wires with each wire of the plurality insulated from each other one. The cable is shaped into a rectangular cross-section and is wound with tape in an open spiral to create cooling channels. Coils are wound in a calculated pattern in saddle shapes to produce desired fields, such as dipoles, quadrupoles, and the like. Wedges are inserted between adjacent cables as needed to maintain substantially radial placement of the long dimensions of cross sections of the cables. After winding, individual strands in each of the cables are brought out to terminals and are interconnected to place all of the strands in series and to maximize the propagation of a quench by alternating conduction from an inner layer to an outer layer and from top half to bottom half as often as possible. Individual layers are separated from others by spiraled aluminum spacers to facilitate cooling. The wound coil is wrapped with an epoxy tape that is cured by heat and then machined to an interference fit with an outer aluminum pipe which is then affixed securely to the assembled coil by heating it to make a shrink fit. In an alternate embodiment, one wire of the cable is made of copper or the like to be heated externally to propagate a quench.

Satti, John A. (Naperville, IL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Environmental radiation real-time monitoring system permanently installed near Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant  

SciTech Connect

An environmental radiation real-time monitoring system with high pressure ionization chamber was developed. It has been installed permanently in the vicinity of Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant, the first built in mainland China. The system consists of four basic components: environmental radiation monitors; data communication network; a data processing center; and a remote terminal computer situated in Hangzhou. It has provided five million readings of environmental radiation levels as of January 1993. 8 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

Minde Ding; Peiru Sheng; Zhangji Zhi [Suzhou Nuclear Research Institute, Jiangsu (China)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

A safety and regulatory assessment of generic BWR and PWR permanently shutdown nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

The long-term availability of less expensive power and the increasing plant modification and maintenance costs have caused some utilities to re-examine the economics of nuclear power. As a result, several utilities have opted to permanently shutdown their plants. Each licensee of these permanently shutdown (PSD) plants has submitted plant-specific exemption requests for those regulations that they believe are no longer applicable to their facility. This report presents a regulatory assessment for generic BWR and PWR plants that have permanently ceased operation in support of NRC rulemaking activities in this area. After the reactor vessel is defueled, the traditional accident sequences that dominate the operating plant risk are no longer applicable. The remaining source of public risk is associated with the accidents that involve the spent fuel. Previous studies have indicated that complete spent fuel pool drainage is an accident of potential concern. Certain combinations of spent fuel storage configurations and decay times, could cause freshly discharged fuel assemblies to self heat to a temperature where the self sustained oxidation of the zircaloy fuel cladding may cause cladding failure. This study has defined four spent fuel configurations which encompass all of the anticipated spent fuel characteristics and storage modes following permanent shutdown. A representative accident sequence was chosen for each configuration. Consequence analyses were performed using these sequences to estimate onsite and boundary doses, population doses and economic costs. A list of candidate regulations was identified from a screening of 10 CFR Parts 0 to 199. The continued applicability of each regulation was assessed within the context of each spent fuel storage configuration and the results of the consequence analyses.

Travis, R.J.; Davis, R.E.; Grove, E.J.; Azarm, M.A. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Evaluation of an Advanced Radiation Shielding Material for Permanent Installation at an Operating Commercial Nuclear Reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The industry continues to investigate, validate, and implement new radiation field reduction measures in response to increased emphasis on reducing dose to workers. Many nuclear plants are interested in permanent shielding applications to further reduce personnel exposure and to reduce the recurring effort associated with temporary installations. In 2008, a flexible, impregnated, layered matrix material was identified as a possible material for incorporating a shielding substance. This report provides an...

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

443

Magnetics and the body  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

no magnetic "charges"), such as from electromagnets. Magnetic fields are measured in Tesla (T) or Gauss (G). The Tesla is a very large unit (1 T 10,000 G). Most large magnets...

444

Learning About Magnets!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory Learning About Name A magnet is a material or object that creates a magnetic fi eld. This fi eld is invisible, but it creates a force...

445

ALS superbend magnet system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ALS Superbend Magnet System J. Zbasnik , S. T. Wang ,of a High-Field Magnet for the ALS, Transactions AppliedRefrigeration options for the ALS Superbend dipole magnets,

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Permanent alterations in muscarinic receptors and pupil size produced by chronic atropinization in kittens  

SciTech Connect

Chronic mydriasis was induced in six kittens (four monocular, two binocular) and two adult cats (both monocular) by the daily topical application of atropine. Both the kittens and the adult cats were atropinized for a 13-week period with the treatment regimen beginning at the time of eye opening for the kittens. Pupil size measurements, obtained 1 year after the atropinization were discontinued, revealed that, although the pupils of the adult cats were normal, the pupils of the kittens' treated eyes were consistently smaller than pupils in control eyes. The status of the muscarinic receptors in the kittens' irides was investigated using /sup 3/H-QNB binding assays. In comparison with iris muscle homogenates from the control eyes, those from the treated eyes demonstrated an eightfold increase in the number of receptor binding sites. The results indicate that pupil size can be altered permanently by chronic mydriasis initiated early in the life of a kitten and that the permanent change in pupil size may result, in part, from a type of permanent supersensitivity response in the muscle following chronic blockade of muscarinic transmission by atropine.

Smith, E.L.; Redburn, D.A.; Harwerth, R.S.; Maguire, G.W.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Development of Piagetian object permanence in a Grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The authors evaluated the ontogenetic performance of a grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus) on object permanence tasks designed for human infants. Testing began when the bird was 8 weeks old, prior to fledging and weaning. Because adult grey parrots understand complex invisible displacements (I. M. Pepperberg & F. A. Kozak, 1986), the authors continued weekly testing until the current subject completed all of I. C. Uzgiris and J. Hunt's (1975) Scale 1 tasks. Stage 6 object permanence with respect to these tasks emerged at 22 weeks, after the bird had fledged but before it was completely weaned. Although the parrot progressed more rapidly overall than other species that have been tested ontogenetically, the subject similarly exhibited a behavioral plateau part way through the study. Additional tests, administered at 8 and 12 months as well as to an adult grey parrot, demonstrated, respectively, that these birds have some representation of a hidden object and understand advanced invisible displacements. In children, object permanencethe notion that objects are separate entities that continue to exist when out of sight of the observeris neither innate nor unitary, but develops

Mark R. Willner; Lauren B. Gravitz; Mark R. Willner; Department Of Ecology

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

BPM Motors in Residential Gas Furnaces: What are the Savings?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brushless Permanent Magnet (BPM) motor. Blowers account forIn a BPM motor the rotor contains permanent magnets. Themotors: Permanent Split Capacitor (PSC) and Brushless Permanent Magnet (

Lutz, James; Franco, Victor; Lekov, Alex; Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Helical Magnets Project | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RHIC, the basic construction unit is a superconducting dipole magnet producing a four tesla dipole field that rotates through 360 degrees in a length of 2.4 meters. The magnets...

450

Magnetic Refrigeration Technology for High Efficiency Air Conditioning  

SciTech Connect

Magnetic refrigeration was investigated as an efficient, environmentally friendly, flexible alternative to conventional residential vapor compression central air conditioning systems. Finite element analysis (FEA) models of advanced geometry active magnetic regenerator (AMR) beds were developed to minimize bed size and thus magnet mass by optimizing geometry for fluid flow and heat transfer and other losses. Conventional and magnetocaloric material (MCM) regenerator fabrication and assembly techniques were developed and advanced geometry passive regenerators were built and tested. A subscale engineering prototype (SEP) magnetic air conditioner was designed, constructed and tested. A model of the AMR cycle, combined with knowledge from passive regenerator experiments and FEA results, was used to design the regenerator beds. A 1.5 Tesla permanent magnet assembly was designed using FEA and the bed structure and plenum design was extensively optimized using FEA. The SEP is a flexible magnetic refrigeration platform, with individually instrumented beds and high flow rate and high frequency capability, although the current advanced regenerator geometry beds do not meet performance expectations, probably due to manufacturing and assembly tolerances. A model of the AMR cycle was used to optimize the design of a 3 ton capacity magnetic air conditioner, and the system design was iterated to minimize external parasitic losses such as heat exchanger pressure drop and fan power. The manufacturing cost for the entire air conditioning system was estimated, and while the estimated SEER efficiency is high, the magnetic air conditioning system is not cost competitive as currently configured. The 3 ton study results indicate that there are other applications where magnetic refrigeration is anticipated to have cost advantages over conventional systems, especially applications where magnetic refrigeration, through the use of its aqueous heat transfer fluid, could eliminate intermediate heat exchangers or oil distribution issues found in traditional vapor compression systems.

Boeder, A; Zimm, C

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

451

Power Switches Utilizing Superconducting Material for Accelerator Magnets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power switches that utilize superconducting material find application in superconducting systems. They can be used for the protection of magnets as a replacement for warm DC breakers, as well as for the replacement of cold diodes. This paper presents a comparison of switches made of various superconducting materials having transport currents of up to 600 A and switching times of the order of milliseconds. The switches operate in the temperature range 4.2-77 K and utilize stainless steel clad YBCO tape and MgB2 tape with a nickel, copper, and iron matrix. Results from simulations and tests are reported.

March, S A; Yang, Y; 10.1109/TASC.2009.2017890

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Superconducting 30-MJ Energy Storage Coil", Proc. 19 80 ASC,Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Plant", IEEE Trans.SlIperconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Unit", in Advances

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Magnetization of neutron matter  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we compute magnetization of neutron matter at strong magnetic field using the lowest order constrained variational (LOCV) technique.

Bigdeli, M. [Department of Physics, Zanjan University, P.O. Box 45195-313, Zanjan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

454

Regenerator for Magnetic Refrigerants  

Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a new magnetic material that can be used at low temperatures (sub liquid hydrogen) for magnetic refrigerators.

455

NSLS II: Magnetism  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

spatial ordering of the magnetic moments that is superimposed on the crystal lattice. Why these atomic magnetic moments survive and how they arrange in the solid is the...

456

Magnetic-field shielding of satellites from high-energy-electron environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnet configurations are found that limit the 6-MeV electrons threatening satellite electronics to <1% of the incident flux. Successful configurations of permanent magnets and electromagnets require magnetic energies of {approximately}8 to 12 kJ to protect each liter of electronics volume. The fundamental strength of materials leads to a required minimum mass of {approximately}48 to 64 kg/liter to support the magnetic pressure. With the electronics requiring {approximately}5 liters, several hundred kilograms are needed for this support. Except for protecting small apertures, magnetic shielding provides little, if any, advantage over that obtained by coating with an equivalent mass using traditional methods. 7 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Vittitoe, C.N.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Overview of CFC replacement issues for household refrigeration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1974, the famous ozone depletion theory of Rowland and Molina claimed that chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) diffuse into the stratosphere where they are broken down by photolysis to release chlorine atoms that catalytically destroy ozone. Although the understanding of the science is still imperfect, there is little doubt that CFCs play a major role in the Antarctic ozone hole phenomenon and the decline in ozone observed in the rest of the world. Another issue that has become increasingly important is the potential of CFCs to change the earth's temperature and to modify the climate. While the main impact in global warming is made by increased concentrations of carbon dioxide, CFCs and other trace gases also contribute to this effect. In an effort to respond to the global environmental threat, a CFC protocol was adopted during a diplomatic conference in Montreal. This document, known as the Montreal Protocol, was ratified in 1988 and put into effect on January 1, 1989. In accordance with Article 6 of the Montreal Protocol, the countries that signed the agreement shall periodically assess the control measures provided for in the Protocol. As part of that assessment process, household refrigeration was investigated to determine the status of CFC-12 replacements. The conclusion was that much progress has been made towards finding a suitable replacement. Compressors designed for HFC-134a have efficiencies comparable to those for CFC-12 and acceptable reliability tests have been obtained with ester lubricants. In addition, other replacements such as R-152a and refrigerant mixtures exist, but will require more study. Cycle options, such as the Stirling cycle, may be viable, but are further out in the future. The impact of new refrigerants is expected to result in elimination of CFC-12 consumption in developed countries by 1997 and in developing countries by 2005.

Vineyard, E.A. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Roke, L. (Fisher and Paykel, Auckland (New Zealand)); Hallett, F. (Frigidaire, Washington, DC (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

A Centrifugal Contactor Design to Facilitate Remote Replacement  

SciTech Connect

Advanced designs of nuclear fuel recycling and radioactive waste treatment plants are expected to include more ambitious goals for solvent extraction based separations including; higher separations efficiency, high-level waste minimization, and a greater focus on continuous processes to minimize cost and footprint. Therefore, Annular Centrifugal Contactors (ACCs) are destined to play a more important role for such future processing schemes. This work continues the development of remote designs for ACCs that can process the large throughputs needed for future nuclear fuel recycling and radioactive waste treatment plants. A three stage, 12.5 cm diameter rotor module has been constructed and is being evaluated for use in highly radioactive environments. This prototype assembly employs three standard CINC V-05 clean-in-place (CIP) units modified for remote service and replacement via new methods of connection for solution inlets, outlets, drain and CIP. Hydraulic testing and functional checks were successfully conducted and then the prototype was evaluated for remote handling and maintenance. Removal and replacement of the center position V-05R contactor in the three stage assembly was demonstrated using an overhead rail mounted PaR manipulator. Initial evaluation indicates a viable new design for interconnecting and cleaning individual stages while retaining the benefits of commercially reliable ACC equipment. Replacement of a single stage via remote manipulators and tools is estimated to take about 30 minutes, perhaps fast enough to support a contactor change without loss of process equilibrium. The design presented in this work is scalable to commercial ACC models from V-05 to V-20 with total throughput rates ranging from 20 to 650 liters per minute.

David H. Meikrantz; Jack. D. Law; Troy G. Garn; Lawrence L. Macaluso

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Overview of CFC replacement issues for household refrigeration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1974, the famous ozone depletion theory of Rowland and Molina claimed that chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) diffuse into the stratosphere where they are broken down by photolysis to release chlorine atoms that catalytically destroy ozone. Although the understanding of the science is still imperfect, there is little doubt that CFCs play a major role in the Antarctic ozone hole phenomenon and the decline in ozone observed in the rest of the world. Another issue that has become increasingly important is the potential of CFCs to change the earth`s temperature and to modify the climate. While the main impact in global warming is made by increased concentrations of carbon dioxide, CFCs and other trace gases also contribute to this effect. In an effort to respond to the global environmental threat, a CFC protocol was adopted during a diplomatic conference in Montreal. This document, known as the Montreal Protocol, was ratified in 1988 and put into effect on January 1, 1989. In accordance with Article 6 of the Montreal Protocol, the countries that signed the agreement shall periodically assess the control measures provided for in the Protocol. As part of that assessment process, household refrigeration was investigated to determine the status of CFC-12 replacements. The conclusion was that much progress has been made towards finding a suitable replacement. Compressors designed for HFC-134a have efficiencies comparable to those for CFC-12 and acceptable reliability tests have been obtained with ester lubricants. In addition, other replacements such as R-152a and refrigerant mixtures exist, but will require more study. Cycle options, such as the Stirling cycle, may be viable, but are further out in the future. The impact of new refrigerants is expected to result in elimination of CFC-12 consumption in developed countries by 1997 and in developing countries by 2005.

Vineyard, E.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Roke, L. [Fisher and Paykel, Auckland (New Zealand); Hallett, F. [Frigidaire, Washington, DC (United States)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

460

Replacing Hazelwood Power Station Critique of Environment Victoria report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hazelwood Power Station is Australias most CO2 emission intensive power station. Replacing it with cleaner technology could reduce Australias CO2 emissions by 12 to 16 Mt/a. Energy Victoria recently commissioned a report by Green Energy Markets Pty Ltd to consider options. But the report has a pro-renewables bias, avoids the best option (gas only), and contains many inconsistencies. Comparing the renewables and gas option against the gas only option shows Emissions saved per year: 12.2 Mt/a versus 11.8 Mt/a; Capital cost: $6-$7 billion versus $2 billion;

Peter Lang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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461

Programmatic mission capabilities - chemistry and metallurgy research replacement (CMRR) project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CMRR will have analysis capabilities that support all the nuclear-material programs and national security needs. CMRR will replace the aging CMR Building and provide a key component responsive infrastructure necessary to sustain all nuclear programs and the nuclear-weapons complex. Material characterization capabilities - evaluate the microstructures and properties of nuclear materials and provide experimental data to validate process and performance models. Analytical chemistry capabilities - provide expertise in chemical and radiochemical analysis of materials where actinide elements make up a significant portion of the sample.

Gunderson, L Nguyen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kornreich, Drew E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wong, Amy S [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

462

U.S. Building-Sector Energy Efficiency Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

commutated permanent magnet motor, single-speed operationcommutated permanent magnet furnace-fan motor, single- speed

Brown, Rich

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LED Replacement Lamps: Current LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: LED Replacement Lamps: Current Performance and the Latest on ENERGY STAR® on

464

DOE-HDBK-1129-2007: Tritium Handling and Safe Storage; Replaced...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HDBK-1129-2007: Tritium Handling and Safe Storage; Replaced by DOE-HDBK-1129-2008 DOE-HDBK-1129-2007: Tritium Handling and Safe Storage; Replaced by DOE-HDBK-1129-2008 Tritium...

465

Lipid Analysis and Lipidomics: New Techniques & ApplicationChapter 17 Fat Replacers: An Overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipid Analysis and Lipidomics: New Techniques & Application Chapter 17 Fat Replacers: An Overview Methods and Analyses eChapters Methods - Analyses Books Downloadable pdf of Chapter 17 Fat Replacers: An Overview from

466

REACT: Alternatives to Critical Materials in Magnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

REACT Project: The 14 projects that comprise ARPA-Es REACT Project, short for Rare Earth Alternatives in Critical Technologies, are developing cost-effective alternatives to rare earths, the naturally occurring minerals with unique magnetic properties that are used in electric vehicle (EV) motors and wind generators. The REACT projects will identify low-cost and abundant replacement materials for rare earths while encouraging existing technologies to use them more efficiently. These alternatives would facilitate the widespread use of EVs and wind power, drastically reducing the amount of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Functions and Requirements and Specifications for Replacement of the Computer Automated Surveillance System (CASS)  

SciTech Connect

Functional requirements and specifications document for system to replace tank farm computer automated waste tank surveillance system.

DOUKA, K.C.

2000-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

468

Recovery Act: Carbon Dioxide-Water Emulsion for Enhanced Oil Recovery and Permanent Sequestration of Carbon Dioxid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Dioxide-Water Carbon Dioxide-Water Emulsion for Enhanced Oil Recovery and Permanent Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide Background The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) distributed a portion of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funds to advance technologies for chemical conversion of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) captured from industrial sources. The focus of the research projects is permanent sequestration of CO 2 through mineralization or development

469

Income Replacement and Reemployment Programs in Michigan and Neighboring States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Governments in every developed industrial economy administer programs that partially replace the earnings of workers who suffer job loss or on-the-job injury. In addition, governments administer programs to help job losers gain reemployment, either through direct job placement (for those who are job-ready) or through retraining (for those who are not). This chapter describes and discusses current policy issues surrounding the main social insurance and reemployment programs in Michigan: Unemployment Insurance (UI), which partially replaces lost earnings following loss of a job; Workers ' Compensation (WC), which pays for medical treatment, vocational rehabilitation, and lost earnings following a work-related injury or illness; and the cluster of reemployment and training programs that, since 1998, has come under the Workforce Investment Act (WIA). In addition to describing these programs, a main goal of the chapter is to offer a critical view of Michigan's programs by comparing them with corresponding programs in neighboring states. Discussion of these three programs could hardly be more timely. UI has come under attack for a range of alleged failings, and the Michigan legislature passed a bill in April 2002 that increased weekly benefits, lengthened benefit durations, and tightened the eligibility requirements

Stephen A. Woodbury; Stephen A. Woodbury

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Fuel gas main replacement at Acme Steel's coke plant  

SciTech Connect

ACME Steel's Chicago coke plant consists of two 4-meter, 50-oven Wilputte underjet coke-oven batteries. These batteries were constructed in 1956--1957. The use of blast furnace gas was discontinued in the late 1960's. In 1977--1978, the oven walls in both batteries were reconstructed. Reconstruction of the underfire system was limited to rebuilding the coke-oven gas reversing cocks and meter in orifices. By the early 1980's, the 24-in. diameter underfire fuel gas mains of both batteries developed leaks at the Dresser expansion joints. These leaks were a result of pipe loss due to corrosion. Leaks also developed along the bottoms and sides of both mains. A method is described that permitted pushing temperatures to be maintained during replacement of underfire fuel gas mains. Each of Acme's two, 50-oven, 4-metric Wilputte coke-oven, gas-fired batteries were heated by converting 10-in. diameter decarbonizing air mains into temporary fuel gas mains. Replacement was made one battery at a time, with the temporary 10-in. mains in service for five to eight weeks.

Trevino, O. (Acme Steel Co., Chicago, IL (United States). Chicago Coke Plant)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Guideline for the Seismic Technical Evaluation of Replacement Items for Nuclear Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This guideline provides practical, cost-effective techniques for reasonably assuring that replacement items will meet seismic performance requirements. Meeting such requirements is necessary to maintain the seismic design basis of commercial nuclear power plants. The guideline also offers a method for determining when a seismic technical evaluation of replacement items is required as part of the procurement process for spare and replacement items.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Wood Pellets for UBC Boilers Replacing Natural Gas Based on LCA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Pellets for UBC Boilers Replacing Natural Gas Based on LCA Submitted to Dr. Bi By Bernard Chan Pellets for UBC Boilers Replacing Natural Gas" By Bernard Chan, Brian Chan, and Christopher Young Abstract This report studies the feasibility of replacing natural gas with wood pellets for UBC boilers. A gasification

473

A New Approach for the Permanent Disposal of Long Lived Fission Waste  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Nuclear fission can meet humanity's disparate requirements for carbon-free energy throughout this century and for millennia to come - not only for electricity but also as a source of hydrogen for transportation fuels and a heat source for desalination. However, most countries are not pursuing fission as an option for future energy and global climate needs. One paramount reason is diminished public acceptance over concerns of waste disposal. We would also add 'fuel resources' as a major future concern, because fission is not sustainable in the long term with the present 'once-through' fuel that utilizes less than 1% of the mined uranium and consigns its fertile potential to a permanent waste repository. Accordingly, global scale fission will become attainable (i.e., doable) if and when an integrated solution to this overall 'fuel-cycle' problem is realized. It is the back-end of the fuel cycle - i.e., the need for permanent storage of spent fuel and high-level waste - that has become the focus of much of the criticism. In particular, the construction and implementation of permanent waste repositories such as Yucca Mountain is becoming increasingly problematic from a financial and political perspective. The major shortcoming of these conventional repositories is that they must accommodate the whole spent fuel output from once-through fuel cycles. They are thus burdened with very large masses of material but where less than 1% is long-term, hazardous waste and where only a small fraction of the potential nuclear energy has been extracted. Second, such facilities must ensure integrity of waste containment for tens of thousands of years. Given that anything more than a few hundred years hence is unknowable and wholly unpredictable as far as future civilizations are concerned, public perception is that such facilities cannot be guaranteed to be absolutely secure for their envisaged lifetimes of tens of millennia.

Perkins, L J

2007-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

474

DEVELOPMENT OF REMOTE HANFORD CONNECTOR GASKET REPLACEMENT TOOLING FOR DWPF  

SciTech Connect

The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) requested the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to develop tooling and equipment to remotely replace gaskets in mechanical Hanford connectors to reduce personnel radiation exposure as compared to the current hands-on method. It is also expected that radiation levels will continually increase with future waste streams. The equipment is operated in the Remote Equipment Decontamination Cell (REDC), which is equipped with compressed air, two master-slave manipulators (MSM's) and an electro-mechanical manipulator (EMM) arm for operation of the remote tools. The REDC does not provide access to electrical power, so the equipment must be manually or pneumatically operated. The MSM's have a load limit at full extension of ten pounds, which limited the weight of the installation tool. In order to remotely replace Hanford connector gaskets several operations must be performed remotely, these include: removal of the spent gasket and retaining ring (retaining ring is also called snap ring), loading the new snap ring and gasket into the installation tool and installation of the new gasket into the Hanford connector. SRNL developed and tested tools that successfully perform all of the necessary tasks. Removal of snap rings from horizontal and vertical connectors is performed by separate air actuated retaining ring removal tools and is manipulated in the cell by the MSM. In order install a new gasket, the snap ring loader is used to load a new snap ring into a groove in the gasket installation tool. A new gasket is placed on the installation tool and retained by custom springs. An MSM lifts the installation tool and presses the mounted gasket against the connector block. Once the installation tool is in position, the gasket and snap ring are installed onto the connector by pneumatic actuation. All of the tools are located on a custom work table with a pneumatic valve station that directs compressed air to the desired tool and vents the tools as needed. Extensive testing of tooling operation was performed in the DWPF manipulator repair shop. This testing allowed the operators to gain confidence before the equipment was exposed to radioactive contamination. The testing also led to multiple design improvements. On July 17 and 29, 2008 the Remote Gasket Replacement Tooling was successfully demonstrated in the REDC at the DWPF of The Savannah River Site.

Krementz, D.; Coughlin, Jeffrey

2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

475

NEW OPTIMAL HIGH EFFICIENCY DSP-BASED DIGITAL CONTROLLER DESIGN FOR SUPER HIGH-SPEED PERMANENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR by LIMEI ZHAO A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment magnet synchronous motors (PMSM). The PMSMs are a key component for the miniaturic cryocooler and the Florida Solar Energy Center. Advanced motor design methods, control strategies, and rapid progress

Wu, Shin-Tson

476

"Technologies to Ensure Permanent Geologic Carbon Storage,"  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of carbon dioxide (CO of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ). DE-FOA-0000652, titled, "Technologies to Ensure Permanent Geologic Carbon Storage," addresses key geologic storage challenges and uncertainties that include improving and validating containment, improving injection operations, increasing reservoir storage efficiency, and mitigating potential releases of CO 2 from the engineered containment system. The following four technical areas of interest are addressed: Area of Interest 1 - Studies of Existing Wellbores Exposed to CO 2 ; Area of Interest 2 - Advanced Wellbore Integrity Technologies; Area of Interest 3 - Field Methods to Optimize Capacity and Ensure Storage Containment; and Area of Interest 4 - Enhanced Simulation Tools to Improve Predictions and

477

Permanent Peak Load Shift Product Deployment for Smart Grid Integration and Operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project tested and evaluated an innovative energy storage technology that provides permanent peak load shifting using electro-thermal energy storage in combination with commercial unitary rooftop air conditioning systems. Four Ice Bear 30 units were deployed at a Staples facility to store an estimated 32 kWh each of energy in 10 off-peak hours and reduce an estimated 5 kW of site energy demand for an on-peak six-hour period. The Ice Bear units are monitored and controlled with a smart grid ...

2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

478

MINUTES -ACCEPTANCE MEETING FOR LHC MAGNETS BUILT AT BNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Date of meeting: 2 May 2003 Date of these minutes: 6 May 2003 Attending: M. Anerella, J. Cozzolino, J. Escallier, M. Gaffney, G. Ganetis, H. Hocker, A. Jain, S. Plate, C. Porretto, P. Wanderer, E. Willen Summary. The meeting was called to review the results of the electrical tests and options for use for this magnet. This information will be transmitted to LHC staff. The magnet has a failed temperature sensor that must be replaced if the magnet is to be the spare. (Other acceptance issues for this magnet were considered at a previous meeting of the acceptance committee.) Electrical test results. J. Escallier summarized the electrical tests of the quench protection heaters. The results are formally documented in deviation waiver M0303.

479

Scaling and Optimization of Magnetic Refrigeration for Commercial Building HVAC Systems Greater than 175 kW in Capacity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heating, ventilation, air-conditioning and refrigeration (HVACR) account for approximately one- third of building energy consumption. Magnetic refrigeration presents an opportunity for significant energy savings and emissions reduction for serving the building heating, cooling, and refrigeration loads. In this paper, we have examined the magnet and MCE material requirements for scaling magnetic refrigeration systems for commercial building cooling applications. Scaling relationships governing the resources required for magnetic refrigeration systems have been developed. As system refrigeration capacity increases, the use of superconducting magnet systems becomes more applicable, and a comparison is presented of system requirements for permanent and superconducting (SC) magnetization systems. Included in this analysis is an investigation of the ability of superconducting magnet based systems to overcome the parasitic power penalty of the cryocooler used to keep SC windings at cryogenic temperatures. Scaling relationships were used to develop the initial specification for a SC magnet-based active magnetic regeneration (AMR) system. An optimized superconducting magnet was designed to support this system. In this analysis, we show that the SC magnet system consisting of two 0.38 m3 regenerators is capable of producing 285 kW of cooling power with a T of 28 K. A system COP of 4.02 including cryocooler and fan losses which illustrates that an SC magnet-based system can operate with efficiency comparable to traditional systems and deliver large cooling powers of 285.4 kW (81.2 Tons).

Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; West, David L [ORNL; Mallow, Anne M [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

COLLOQUIUM: Are Mushrooms the Next Polymers?: Growing Plastic Replacements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March 20, 2013, 4:15pm to 6:30pm March 20, 2013, 4:15pm to 6:30pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: Are Mushrooms the Next Polymers?: Growing Plastic Replacements with Fungi Mr. Gavin McIntyre Ecovative Design LLC Colloquium Committee: The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory 2013-2014 Colloquium Committee is comprised of the following people. Please feel free to contact them by e-mail regarding any possible speakers or topics for future colloquia. Carol Ann Austin caustin@pppl.gov John Greenwald, Chair jgreenwa@pppl.gov Charles H. Skinner cskinner@pppl.gov Daren Stotler dstotler@pppl.gov Carol Ann Austin 609-243-2484 Contact Information Coordinator(s): Ms. Carol Ann Austin caustin@pppl.gov Host(s): Ms. Kelsey Tresemer ktreseme@pppl.gov PPPL Entrance Procedures Visitor Information, Directions, Security at PPPL

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace permanent magnets" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

HTS Magnet Program | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HTS Magnet Program HTS Magnet Program High Temperature Superconductors (HTS) have the potential to revolutionize the field of superconducting magnets for particle accelerators, energy storage and medical applications. This is because of the fact that as compared to the conventional Low Temperature Superconductors (LTS), the critical current density (Jc ) of HTS falls slowly both: as a function of increasing field, and as a function of increasing temperature These unique properties can be utilized to design and build: HTS magnets that produce very high fields (20 - 50 T) HTS magnets that operate at elevated temperatures (20 - 77 K) This is a significant step forward over the convention LTS magnets which generally operate at a temperature of ~4 K and with field usually limited

482

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #394: October 17, 2005 Fuel to Replace  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4: October 17, 4: October 17, 2005 Fuel to Replace Gasoline and Diesel Fuel to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #394: October 17, 2005 Fuel to Replace Gasoline and Diesel Fuel on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #394: October 17, 2005 Fuel to Replace Gasoline and Diesel Fuel on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #394: October 17, 2005 Fuel to Replace Gasoline and Diesel Fuel on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #394: October 17, 2005 Fuel to Replace Gasoline and Diesel Fuel on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #394: October 17, 2005 Fuel to Replace Gasoline and Diesel Fuel on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #394: October 17, 2005 Fuel to Replace Gasoline and Diesel Fuel on AddThis.com...

483

Novel motor design for rotating anode x-ray tubes operating in the fringe field of a magnetic resonance imaging system  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Using hybrid x-ray/MR (XMR) systems for image guidance during interventional procedures could enhance the diagnosis and treatment of neurologic, oncologic, cardiovascular, and other disorders. The authors propose a close proximity hybrid system design in which a C-arm fluoroscopy unit is placed immediately adjacent to the solenoid magnet of a MR system with a minimum distance of 1.2 m between the x-ray and MR imaging fields of view. Existing rotating anode x-ray tube designs fail within MR fringe field environments because the magnetic fields alter the electron trajectories in the x-ray tube and act as a brake on the induction motor, reducing the rotation speed of the anode. In this study the authors propose a novel motor design that avoids the anode rotation speed reduction. Methods: The proposed design replaces the permanent magnet stator found in brushed dc motors with the radial component of the MR fringe field. The x-ray tube is oriented such that the radial component of the MR fringe field is orthogonal to the cathode-anode axis. Using a feedback position sensor and the support bearings as electrical slip rings, the authors use electrical commutation to eliminate the need for mechanical brushes and commutators. A vacuum compatible prototype of the proposed motor design was assembled, and its performance was evaluated at various operating conditions. The prototype consisted of a 3.1 in. diameter anode rated at 300 kHU with a ceramic rotor that was 5.6 in. in length and had a 2.9 in. diameter. The material chosen for all ceramic components was MACOR, a machineable glass ceramic developed by Corning Inc. The approximate weight of the entire assembly was 1750 g. The maximum rotation speed, angular acceleration, and acceleration time of the motor design were investigated, as well as the dependence of these parameters on rotor angular offset, magnetic field strength, and field orientation. The resonance properties of the authors' assembly were also evaluated to determine its stability during acceleration, and a pulse width modulation algorithm was implemented to control the rotation speed of the motor. Results: At a magnetic flux density of 41 mT orthogonal to the axis of rotation (on the lower end of the expected flux density in the MR suite) the maximum speed of the motor was found to be 5150 revolutions per minute (rpm). The acceleration time necessary to reach 3000 rpm was found to be approximately 10 s at 59 mT. The resonance frequency of the assembly with the anode attached was 1310 rpm (21.8 Hz) which is far below the desired operating speeds. Pulse width modulation provides an effective method to control the speed of the motor with a resolution of 100 rpm. Conclusions: The proposed design can serve as a direct replacement to the conventional induction motor used in rotating anode x-ray tubes. It does not suffer from a reduced rotation speed when operating in a MR environment. The presence of chromic steel bearings in the prototype prevented testing at the higher field strengths, and future iterations of the design could eliminate this shortcoming. The prototype assembly demonstrates proof of concept of the authors' design and overcomes one of the major obstacles for a MR compatible rotating anode x-ray tube.

Lillaney, Prasheel; Pelc, Norbert [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 and Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Shin Mihye [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 and Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Hinshaw, Waldo; Fahrig, Rebecca [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Bennett, N. Robert [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 and Qualcomm MEMS Technologies, San Jose, California 95134 (United States)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

484

Tamper resistant magnetic stripes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to a magnetic stripe comprising a medium in which magnetized particles are suspended and in which the encoded information is recorded by actual physical rotation or alignment of the previously magnetized particles within the flux reversals of the stripe which are 180.degree. opposed in their magnetic polarity. The magnetized particles are suspended in a medium which is solid, or physically rigid, at ambient temperatures but which at moderately elevated temperatures, such as 40.degree. C., is thinable to a viscosity permissive of rotation of the particles therein under applications of moderate external magnetic field strengths within acceptable time limits.

Naylor, Richard Brian (Albuquerque, NM); Sharp, Donald J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Lensless Imaging of Magnetic Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Nanostructures Print Magnetism is useful for many devices and techniques, from electric motors and computer hard drives to magnetic resonance imaging used in medicine....

486

Combined passive magnetic bearing element and vibration damper  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic bearing system contains magnetic subsystems which act together to support a rotating element in a state of dynamic equilibrium and dampen transversely directed vibrations. Mechanical stabilizers are provided to hold the suspended system in equilibrium until its speed has exceeded a low critical speed where dynamic effects take over, permitting the achievement of a stable equilibrium for the rotating object. A state of stable equilibrium is achieved above a critical speed by use of a collection of passive elements using permanent magnets to provide their magnetomotive excitation. In a improvement over U.S. Pat. No. 5,495,221, a magnetic bearing element is combined with a vibration damping element to provide a single upper stationary dual-function element. The magnetic forces exerted by such an element, enhances levitation of the rotating object in equilibrium against external forces, such as the force of gravity or forces arising from accelerations, and suppresses the effects of unbalance or inhibits the onset of whirl-type rotor-dynamic instabilities. Concurrently, this equilibrium is made stable against displacement-dependent drag forces of the rotating object from its equilibrium position.

Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Stability Issues in Ambient-Temperature Passive Magnetic Bearing Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The ambient-temperature passive magnetic bearing system developed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory achieves rotor-dynamic stability by employing special combinations of levitating and stabilizing elements. These elements, energized by permanent magnet material, create the magnetic and electrodynamic forces that are required for the stable levitation of rotating systems, such as energy-storage flywheels. Stability criteria, derived from theory, describe the bearing element parameters, i.e., stiffnesses and damping coefficients, that are required both to assure stable levitation (''Earnshaw-stability''), and stability against whirl-type rotor-dynamic instabilities. The work described in this report concerns experimental measurements and computer simulations that address some critical aspects of this overall stability problem. Experimentally, a test device was built to measure the damping coefficient of dampers that employ eddy currents induced in a metallic disc. Another test device was constructed for the purpose of measuring the displacement-dependent drag coefficient of annular permanent magnet bearing elements. In the theoretical developments a computer code was written for the purpose of simulating the rotor-dynamics of our passive bearing systems. This code is capable of investigating rotor-dynamic stability effects for both small-amplitude transient displacements (i.e., those within the linear regime), and for large-amplitude displacements, where non-linear effects can become dominant. Under the latter conditions a bearing system that is stable for small-amplitude displacements may undergo a rapidly growing rotor-dynamic instability once a critical displacement is exceeded. A new result of the study was to demonstrate that stiffness anisotropy of the bearing elements (which can be designed into our bearing system) is strongly stabilizing, not only in the linear regime, but also in the non-linear regime.

Post, R.F.

2000-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

488

Replacement of Mushroom Cage Gastrostomy Tube Using a Modified Technique to Allow Percutaneous Replacement with an Endoscopic Tube in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiologic inserted gastrostomy (RIG) is the preferred method in our institution for enteral feeding in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Skin-level primary-placed mushroom cage gastrostomy tubes become tight with weight gain. We describe a minimally invasive radiologic technique for replacing mushroom gastrostomy tubes with endoscopic mushroom cage tubes in ALS. All patients with ALS who underwent replacement of a RIG tube were included. Patients were selected for a modified replacement when the tube length of the primary placed RIG tube was insufficient to allow like-for-like replacement. Replacement was performed under local anesthetic and fluoroscopic guidance according to a preset technique, with modification of an endoscopic mushroom cage gastrostomy tube to allow percutaneous placement. Assessment of the success, safety, and durability of the modified technique was undertaken. Over a 60-month period, 104 primary placement mushroom cage tubes in ALS were performed. A total of 20 (19.2%) of 104 patients had a replacement tube positioned, 10 (9.6%) of 104 with the modified technique (male n = 4, female n = 6, mean age 65.5 years, range 48-85 years). All tubes were successfully replaced using this modified technique, with two minor complications (superficial wound infection and minor hemorrhage). The mean length of time of tube durability was 158.5 days (range 6-471 days), with all but one patient dying with a functional tube in place. We have devised a modification to allow percutaneous replacement of mushroom cage gastrostomy feeding tubes with minimal compromise to ALS patients. This technique allows tube replacement under local anesthetic, without the need for sedation, an important consideration in ALS.

Ammar, Thoraya [King's College Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Rio, Alan [King's College Hospital, Department of Dietetics (United Kingdom); Ampong, Mary Ann [King's College Hospital, Department of Neurosciences (United Kingdom); Sidhu, Paul S., E-mail: paulsidhu@nhs.ne [King's College Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

489

Active magnetic regenerator  

SciTech Connect

The disclosure is directed to an active magnetic regenerator apparatus and method. Brayton, Stirling, Ericsson, and Carnot cycles and the like may be utilized in an active magnetic regenerator to provide efficient refrigeration over relatively large temperature ranges.

Barclay, John A. (Los Alamos, NM); Steyert, William A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

ALS superbend magnet performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ALS Superbend Magnet Performance S. Marks, J. Zbasnik, W.the Advanced Light Source (ALS), with the fourth magnet as ahe Advanced Light Source (ALS) at the Lawrence Berkeley

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

LHC Magnet Program | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnet Program Magnet Program The Superconducting Magnet Division is building a number of dipole magnets for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which is now under construction at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. Scheduled to begin operation in 2007, this machine will collide beams of protons with the unprecedented energy of 7 TeV per beam to explore the nature of matter at its most basic level (RHIC can collide beams of protons with energies of 0.25 TeV, but is mostly used to collide heavy ions with energies of 0.1 TeV per nucleon). The magnets are being built as part of the US program, recommended by the High Energy Physics Advisory Panel (HEPAP) and approved by Congress, to contribute to the construction and, later, use of that frontier machine by the US high energy physics community. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) and

492

Magnetic Materials Staff  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Materials Science and Engineering Division Staff Directory; MML Organization. Contact. Magnetic Materials Group Robert Shull, Group Leader. ...

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

493

Minimum Magnetic Energy Theorem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Thomson's Theorem states that static charge distributions in conductors show up at the conducting surfaces in an equipotential configuration, so that the electrostatic energy is a minimum. In this work we study an analogue statement for magnetic systems: in a given set of conductors, the stored magnetic field energy reaches the minimum value for superficial current distributions so that the magnetic vector potential is tangent to the conductors surfaces. This is the counterpart of Thomson's theorem for the magnetic field.

Fiolhais, M C N

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494