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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Marin County- Wood Stove Replacement Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The County of Marin has created a rebate program to encourage homeowners to remove or replace non-EPA certified wood-burning heaters (wood stoves and fireplace inserts) with cleaner burning stoves...

2

Microsoft Word - CX-FY10_Ross-VanShip_Wood_Pole_Replacement_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clearance Memorandum Clearance Memorandum Troy Dalrymple Lineman Foreman I - TFVK-LMT Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement of Ross-Vancouver Shipyard No. 1, Structure 2/3 in Fog Chamber Dump Area #2 PP&A Project No: 1721 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective....are required to maintain...infrastructures...in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designed purpose. Location: Ross Complex, Vancouver, WA. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace deteriorating wood poles and associated structural/electrical components (e.g. cross arms, insulators, guy anchors) on

3

Wood Pellets for UBC Boilers Replacing Natural Gas Based on LCA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Pellets for UBC Boilers Replacing Natural Gas Based on LCA Submitted to Dr. Bi By Bernard Chan Pellets for UBC Boilers Replacing Natural Gas" By Bernard Chan, Brian Chan, and Christopher Young Abstract This report studies the feasibility of replacing natural gas with wood pellets for UBC boilers. A gasification

4

Microsoft Word - CX Mid Way - Grand View Wood Pole Replacement-KEP.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

27, 2010 27, 2010 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Terry Kugler Lineman Foreman III - TFWF/Schultz Proposed Action: Replacing 11 wood pole structures on the Midway - Grandview transmission line and 12 wood pole structures on the Grandview - Red Mountain transmission line. PP&A Project No.: 1522 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): * B1.3 Routine maintenance activities for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures (such as roads), are required to maintain infrastructures in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designed purpose. Routine maintenance may result in replacement to the extent that replacement is in kind and is not a substantial upgrade or improvement. In kind

5

DOE/EA-1636: Albany-Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project Mitigation Action Plan (March 2009)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project DOE/EA-1636 Summary This Mitigation Action Plan (MAP) is part of the Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) for the Albany-Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project. The project involves replacing wood pole structures on about 26 miles of the Albany-Burnt Woods single-circuit, 115- kilovolt (kV) transmission line and about 21 miles of the Santiam-Toledo single circuit, 230-kV transmission line in Linn, Benton and Lincoln counties, Oregon. This MAP is for the Proposed Action and includes all of the integral elements and commitments made in the Environmental Assessment (EA) to mitigate any potential adverse environmental impacts. The purpose of this MAP is to explain how the mitigation measures will be

6

DOE/EA-1636: Albany-Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project Preliminary Environmental Assessment (March 2009)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Albany-Burnt Woods and Albany-Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project Preliminary Environmental Assessment DOE/EA-1636 March 2009 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Albany-Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project Preliminary Environmental Assessment DOE/EA-1636 Bonneville Power Administration March 2009 Bonneville Power Administration i Table of Contents Chapter 1 Need for and Purpose of Action ............................................................... 1-1 1.1 Introduction .....................................................................................................

7

Microsoft Word - CX-FY11PascoDistrictWoodPoleReplacement_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1, 2011 1, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-PASCO SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Toby Cossairt Lineman Foreman III - TFPF-PASCO Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement and minor access road maintenance along various transmission line rights-of-way (ROW) in the Pasco District. The following lines will have pole change-outs in 2011: Benton-Scooteney #1, Benton-Othello #1, Franklin-Hedges #1, Franklin-Walla Walla #1, Grandview-Red Mountain #1, Franklin-Badger Canyon #2, Kennewick Tap to Franklin- Badger Canyon #2, McNary-Franklin #2, and White Bluffs-Richland #1. Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads,

8

Microsoft Word - CX-KalispellTLMDistrictFY11WoodPoleReplacement_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cleareance Memorandum Cleareance Memorandum Michael Stolfus Lineman Foreman III - TFKF-Kalispell Kurt Marsh Lineman Foreman I - TFKF-Kalispell Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement and minor access road maintenance along various transmission line rights-of-way in Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Kalispell District. PP&A Project No: 1839 (Garrison-Anaconda #1), 1840 (Hot Springs-Rattlesnake #1), 1841 (Rattlesnake-Garrison #1), 1842 (Columbia Falls-Kalispell #1), 1843 (Kalispell-Kerr #1), 1844 (Libby-Bonners Ferry #1), 1845 (Columbia Falls-Trego #1) Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights of way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective....are required to maintain...infrastructures...in a

9

Microsoft Word - CX-Drummond-MacksInn_WoodPoleReplacementFY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10, 2012 10, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-CELILO SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Mark Hadley Lineman Foreman III - TFIF-Idaho Falls Proposed Action: Wood pole replacements along the Drummond-Macks Inn, Macks Inn- Madison, and Targhee Tap 115-kV transmission line rights-of-way. PP&A Project Number: 2191 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities... Location: The project area is located in Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Idaho Falls District. Project locations are listed below: Project Location Township Range Section(s) County Line Name Structures Use Ownership 4N 45E 11 Teton Targhee Tap 8/8 Agriculture Private 14N 44E 22 Fremont Macks Inn- Madison

10

Microsoft Word - CX-EllensburgTLMDistrictFY11WoodPoleReplacement_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clearance Memorandum Clearance Memorandum Terry Kugler Lineman Foreman III - TFWF-Schultz Joe Lauer Line Foreman I - TFWF-Schultz Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement and minor access road maintenance along portions of the Columbia-Valhalla #1 and #2 transmission line rights-of-way. PP&A Project No: 1851 (Columbia-Valhalla #1), 1852 (Columbia-Valhalla #2) Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights of way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective....are required to maintain...infrastructures...in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designed purpose. Location: The project area is located in Douglas and Chelan counties, Washington. Project

11

Microsoft Word - CX-FY11WenatcheeDistrictWoodPoleReplacement_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4, 2011 4, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-PASCO SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Terry Kugler Lineman Foreman III - TFWF-SCHULTZ Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement and minor access road maintenance along various transmission line rights-of-way (ROW) in the Wenatchee District. The following lines will have pole change-outs in 2011: Chandler Tap, Grandview-Red Mt. #1 and Midway-Moxee #1. Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective....are required to maintain... infrastructures...in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designed purpose.

12

Microsoft Word - CX-FY10_Kalispell_District_Wood_Pole_Replacement_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2010 6, 2010 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-Bell-1 SUBJECT: Environmental Cleareance Memorandum Michael Stolfus Lineman Foreman III - TFKF-Kalispell Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement and minor access road maintenance along various transmission line right-of-ways in the Kalispell District PP&A Project No: 1536 (Columbia Falls-Kalispell #1), 1537 (Anaconda-Silver Bow #1), 1538 (Columbia Falls-Trego #1), 1541 (Libby-Bonners Ferry #1), 1542 (Rattlesnake-Garrison #1) Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective....are required to maintain...infrastructures...in a

13

Microsoft Word - CX-SpokaneDistrictWoodPoleReplacementsFY13_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1, 2013 1, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-Bell-1 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Amanda Williams Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: 2013 Spokane District Wood Pole Replacement Projects PP&A Project No.: 2131 (Albeni Falls-Sand Creek No. 1), 2132 (Bronx-Sand Creek No. 1), 2492 (Albeni Falls-Pine Street No. 1), 2133 (Bell-Boundary No. 3), 2134 (Bell-Addy No. 1), 2135 (Bell-Trentwood No. 1), 2136 (Bell-Trentwood No. 2), 2137 (Libby-Bonners Ferry No. 1), 2493 (Boundary-Nelway #1), 2494 (Colville-Boundary #1), 1547 (Four Lakes Tap), 2138 (Green Bluff Tap), 2495 (Sand Creek-Bonners Ferry No. 1 and No. 2), and 1929 (Spirit Tap) Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance

14

Microsoft Word - CX-Minidoka-Unity_Wood PoleReplacementFY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 2012 , 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-CELILO SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Mark Hadley Lineman Foreman III - TFIF-Idaho Falls Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement along the Minidoka Power House-Unity No. 1 and Unity-Heyburn No. 1, 138-kV transmission line rights-of-way. PP&A Project No.: 2192 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective....are required to maintain... infrastructures...in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designated purpose. Location: The project area is located in Cassia County, Idaho, in Bonneville Power

15

Microsoft Word - CX-Drummond-MacksInn-WoodPoleReplacementFY13_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

29, 2012 29, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-CELILO SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Mark Hadley Lineman Foreman III - TFIF-Idaho Falls Proposed Action: Wood pole replacements along the Drummond-Macks Inn, Macks Inn- Madison, and Swan Valley-Teton 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission line rights-of-way. PP&A Project Number: 2486 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities Location: The project area is located in Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Idaho Falls District. Project locations are listed below: Project Location Township Range Section(s) County Line Name Structures Use Ownership 3N 44E 28 Teton Swan Valley - Teton 10/6 Forest Forest Service 14S 5E 19 Fremont

16

DOE/EA-1636: Finding of No Significant Impact for the Albany-Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project EA (March 2009)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Albany-Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project Albany-Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) and Floodplain Statement of Findings DOE/EA-1636 Summary The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) announces its environmental findings on the Albany- Burnt Woods and Santiam-Toledo Pole Replacement Project. This project involves replacing wood pole structures on the existing Albany-Burnt Woods single-circuit, 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission line and along a portion of the existing Santiam-Toledo single circuit, 230-kV transmission line. BPA has prepared an environmental assessment (DOE/EA-1636) evaluating the proposed project and its alternative. Based on the analysis in the EA, BPA has determined that the Proposed Action is not a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the

17

Categorical Exclusion for Wood Pole  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wood Pole Wood Pole Replacement at two structures (11/6 & 11/9) located along the Oracle-Tucson 115-kV Transmission Line, in Oro Valley, Pima County, Arizona. RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION A. Proposed Action: Western plans to replace deteriorated wood poles, cross arms and X-braces at two existing H-frame structures (11/6 & 1119) located along the Oracle Tucson 115-kV Transmission Line in Pima, Arizona (Figure 1). Built in 1943, its aging components are beyond repair and require replacement. These poles performed poorly during structural tests, and we consider them unstable. This replacement project will ensure the safety of Western's workers and the public as well as reliability of the bulk electric system. Western will accomplish the work by clearing vegetation and blading a level pad at

18

Microsoft Word - CX-GrandCouleeDistrictWoodPoleReplacementsAccessRoadsFY13_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

KEPR-Bell-1 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Todd Wehner Civil Design/Access Roads - TELF-TPP-3 James Semrau Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement, equipment landing construction, and access road improvements along various transmission lines in Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Grand Coulee District. PP&A Project No.: 2152 (Grand Coulee-Chief Joseph No. 1), 2151 (Grand Coulee-Chief Joseph No. 2), 2121 (Grand Coulee-Foster Creek No. 1) and 1776 (Grand Coulee-Okanogan No. 2) Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance Location: Douglas and Okanogan counties, Washington. Refer to table below for project locations: Line Name Structure Township Range Section County

19

Microsoft Word - CX-AlveyDistWoodPoles_FY13_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alvey District Wood Pole Replacement Projects Alvey District Wood Pole Replacement Projects PP&A Project No.: 2663 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance Location: Various transmission lines located in Douglas, Linn, and Lane counties, Oregon. Refer to Project Location Attachment for transmission lines and corresponding structure locations. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace deteriorating wood poles and associated structural/electrical components (e.g. cross arms, insulators, guy anchors, etc.) along the subject transmission lines. Replacement will be in-kind and will utilize the existing holes to minimize ground disturbance. If necessary, an auger will be used to remove any loose soil from

20

Microsoft Word - CX-NorthBendWoodPoles_FY13_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Bend District Wood Pole Replacement Projects North Bend District Wood Pole Replacement Projects PP&A Project No.: 2658 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance Location: Various transmission lines located in Douglas, Linn, and Lane counties, Oregon. Refer to Project Location Attachment for transmission lines and corresponding structure locations. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace deteriorating wood poles and associated structural/electrical components (e.g. cross arms, insulators, guy anchors, etc.) along the subject transmission lines. Replacement will be in-kind and will utilize the existing holes to minimize ground disturbance. If necessary, an auger will be used to remove any loose soil from

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Microsoft Word - CX-PilotButte-LaPineWoodPoleFY12_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

30, 2012 30, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Pilot Butte-La Pine No. 1 Wood Pole Replacement Project PP&A Project No.: 2188 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions and modifications to transmission facilities ... include ... replacement of wood poles. Location: Pilot Butte-La Pine No. 1 transmission line located in Deschutes County, Oregon, at the following structures: Mile Structure 5 7 6 5 7 4 16 7 16 8 17 5 18 1 18 3 21 3 21 8 25 3 30 5 Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to replace 12 deteriorating wood pole

22

Microsoft Word - CX-ChemawaWoodPolesCT-KFG12-KOCFGT-FY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 Chemawa District Wood Pole Replacement Projects 2012 Chemawa District Wood Pole Replacement Projects PP&A Project No.: 2325 (Carlton-Tillamook #1, Keeler-Forest Grove #2, Keeler-Oregon City #2, Keeler-Forest Grove #1, Forest Grove-Tillamook #1) Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance Location: Various transmission lines located in Washington, Yamhill, and Tillamook counties, Oregon. Refer to Project Location Attachment for transmission lines and corresponding structure locations. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace deteriorating wood poles and associated structural/electrical components (e.g. cross arms, insulators, guy anchors, etc.) along the subject transmission lines. Replacement will be in-kind and will utilize the existing holes to

23

Microsoft Word - CX-Alvey-FairviewAlvey-MartinCreek-DrainWoodPolesFY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wood pole replacements on the Alvey-Fairview No. 1 230-kV, Alvey- Wood pole replacements on the Alvey-Fairview No. 1 230-kV, Alvey- Martin Creek 115-kV, and Martin Creek-Drain #1 115-kV transmission line rights-of-way (ROW) PP&A Project No.: 2308 (WO# 297303), 2310 (WO# 297305), 2319 (WO# 297996) Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance Location: Alvey and Douglas counties, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace 18 deteriorating wood poles and associated structural/electrical components (e.g. cross arms, insulators, guy anchors, etc.) as well as cross arms on three other structures along the subject transmission lines. Replacement will be in-kind and will utilize the existing holes to minimize ground disturbance. If necessary, an auger

24

Microsoft Word - CX-AlveyWoodPolesA-LE-AE-LH-AC-TBRT-FY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 Alvey District Wood Pole Replacement Projects 2012 Alvey District Wood Pole Replacement Projects PP&A Project No.: 2307 (Albany-Lebanon #1), 2309 (Blue River Tap), 2311 (Cougar- Thurston #1), 2312 (Eugene-Alvey #2), 2313 (Eugene-Lane #1), 2314 (Hawkins-Alvey #1) Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance Location: Various transmission lines located in Linn and Lane counties, Oregon. Refer to Project Location Attachment for transmission lines and corresponding structure locations. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace deteriorating wood poles and associated structural/electrical components (e.g. cross arms, insulators, guy anchors, etc.) along the subject transmission lines. Replacement will be in-kind and will utilize the existing holes to

25

Microsoft Word - CX-HillsCreek-LookoutPointWoodPolesFY12_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-Alvey SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Chad Hamel Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Hills Creek-Lookout Point No. 1 wood pole replacements PP&A Project No.: 2315 (WO# 297311) Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance Location: Lane County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Alvey District Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace four deteriorating wood pole structures and associated structural/electrical components (e.g. cross arms, insulators, guy anchors) along the subject transmission line. The poles are located on private residential and US Forest Service land. Landowners will be notified prior to replacement activities. Replacement will be in-

26

Microsoft Word - CX-ChemawaDistrictWoodPoles2013_FY13.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-Alvey SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Chad Hamel Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: 2013 Chemawa District Wood Pole Replacement Projects PP&A Project No.: 2736 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance Location: Various transmission lines located in Douglas, Linn and Lane counties, Oregon. Refer to Project Location Attachment for transmission lines and corresponding structure locations. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace deteriorating wood poles and associated structural/electrical components (e.g. cross arms, insulators, guy anchors, etc.) along the

27

Microsoft Word - CX-PilotButte-LaPine-WoodPoles-FY13_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2013 3, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Wood pole replacements on Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Pilot Butte-La Pine No. 1 transmission line PP&A Project No.: 2484 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine Maintenance Location: Deschutes County, Oregon, at the following structures: Mile Structure 3 1 3 2 7 3 7 5 9 2 11 3 13 5 13 8 14 1 15 1 16 3 16 5 21 7 21 9 22 2 22 4 22 5 23 5 27 2 Proposed by: BPA Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to replace 19 deteriorating wood pole structures along its Pilot Butte-La Pine No. 1, 230-kilovolt transmission line located in Deschutes County, Oregon. The 19 structures

28

Microsoft Word - CX-Redmond-PilotButte-WoodPoleFY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2012 3, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Redmond-Pilot Butte No. 1 Wood Pole Replacement Project PP&A Project No.: 2189 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions and modifications to transmission facilities Location: Redmond-Pilot Butte No. 1 transmission line in Deschutes County, Oregon at structures 4/7 and 11/6. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to replace two deteriorating wood pole structures along its Redmond-Pilot Butte No. 1 230-kV transmission line located in Deschutes County, Oregon. The two structures

29

Microsoft Word - CX-TheDalles-DiscoveryWoodPolesFY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2012 3, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-Alvey SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Wood Pole Replacement on The Dalles-Discovery #1 transmission line PP&A Project No.: 2323 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance Location: Project activities would take place in Wasco County, Oregon Line Corridor Structures TRS County, State The Dalles-Discovery #1 2/4, 2/5, 2/6, 2/9, 2/10 2N, 13E, Section 28 Wasco, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace deteriorating wood poles and associated structural/electrical components (e.g. cross arms, insulators, guy anchors, etc.) along the

30

Microsoft Word - CX-RossDistrictWoodPolesFY13_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, 2013 9, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-Alvey SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Stacie Hensley Realty Specialist - TEP-TPP-4 Proposed Action: 2013 Ross District Wood Pole Replacement Projects PP&A Project No.: 2737 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance Location: Various transmission lines located in Clark and Cowlitz counties, Washington, and , Columbia, Clatsop, and Washington counties, Oregon. Refer to Project Location Attachment for transmission lines and corresponding structure locations. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace deteriorating wood poles and associated structural/electrical components (e.g. cross arms, insulators, guy anchors, etc.) along the

31

Microsoft Word - CX-UnderwoodTapStructureReplacementFY13_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

KEP-Celilo SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Scott Williams Line Foreman III - TFDF-The Dalles Proposed Action: Structure replacement and access road maintenance on Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Underwood Tap transmission line PP&A Project No.: 2683 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions and modifications to transmission facilities Location: Skamania County, Washington Line Corridor Structures TRS County, State Underwood Tap 115-kV Line 26/12, 26/13 and 26/14 3N, 10E, Section 15 Skamania, Washington Proposed by: BPA Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace deteriorating wood poles and associated structural/electrical components (e.g. cross arms, insulators, guy anchors, etc.) along the

32

Textile Drying Via Wood Gasification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TEXTILE DRYING VIA WOOD GASIFICATION Thomas F. ;McGowan, Anthony D. Jape Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, Georgia ABSTRACT This project was carried out to investigate the possibility of using wood gas as a direct replacement... for dryers. In addition to the experimental program described above, the DOE grant covered two other major areas. A survey of the textile industry was made to assess the market for gasification equip ment. The major findings were that a large amount...

McGowan, T. F.; Jape, A. D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

The Microbiological Deterioration of Rubber Insulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Microbiological Deterioration of Rubber Insulation John T. Blake Donald W. Kitchin Orison...Microbiological Deterioration of Rubber Insulation JOHN T. BLAKE, DONALD W. KITCHIN...By burying wire samples with thin insulation in active soil, the rate of failure...

John T. Blake; Donald W. Kitchin; Orison S. Pratt

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Wood Dusts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The processing of wood is common in many types of work, and generates wood dust that has been associated with acute and chronic health effects. Workers exposed to wood dust may have adverse health effects such as upper and lower respiratory symptoms, decreased lung function, asthma, contact and allergic dermatitis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and sinonasal and nasopharyngeal cancer. This article is a revision of the previous edition article by Alan J. Weinrich and Paul Demers, volume 4, pp 464–467, © 2005, Elsevier Inc.

P.A. Demers; A.J. Weinrich

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

WoodChemistry Wood Degradation & Preservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

31 WoodChemistry Wood Degradation & Preservation Chemical Utilization of Wood Pulp & Paper and carbohydrates is of considerable interest in connection with a number of issues in wood chemistry, such as the reactions taking place during the formation of wood, the natural molecular weight distribution of lignin

Geldenhuys, Jaco

36

Microsoft Word - CX-LaPine-ChiloquinWoodPoleFY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: La Pine-Chiloquin No. 1 Wood Pole Replacement Project PP&A Project No.: 2236 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6, Additions and modifications to transmission facilities Location: La Pine-Chiloquin No. 1 230-kV transmission line in Klamath County, Oregon, at the following structure locations: 11/5, 16/1, 16/4, 17/3, 17/8, 18/2, 18/3, 20/4, 22/2, 22/5, 28/1, 42/3, 43/6, 44/4, and 45/1. Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to replace 15 deteriorating wood pole structures along its La Pine-Chiloquin 230-kV transmission line located in Klamath County,

37

Economic Modeling of Energy Supply from Burning Wood Wastes at British Columbia Pulp and Paper Mills  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the use of wood wastes to replace the extensive fossil-fuel consumption ... Columbia, and the further use of wood wastes to produce electricity at these mills. The ... would be willing to pay ...

A. J. Cox…

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Namur, Belgium -weathering deteriorating slope stability future -Robert Hack 1 WEATHERING DETERIORATING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Namur, Belgium - weathering deteriorating slope stability future - Robert Hack 1 WEATHERING DETERIORATING AND SLOPE STABILITY CLASSIFICATION FOR THE FUTURE Namur, Belgium, 12 June 2008 Robert Hack Geo #12;Namur, Belgium - weathering deteriorating slope stability future - Robert Hack 2 Jan van Goyen

Hack, Robert

39

Wood biology We present investigations of wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood biology We present investigations of wood formation which started in 1999. Samples for investigations are taken from living trees. Processes of wood formation are affected by different factors like temperature and precipitation. #12;We use light microscopy to study cell wall formation in the wood. Double

Cufar, Katarina

40

Wood Curriculum vitae 1 ERIC MATTHEW WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood ­ Curriculum vitae 1 ERIC MATTHEW WOOD Spatial Analysis for Conservation and Department/17/2014 Postdoctoral Research Associate, University of Wisconsin-Madison PUBLICATIONS Wood, E. M., A. M. Pidgeon, V. C community structure in U.S protected areas. Ecological Applications in press Wood, E. M., and A. M. Pidgeon

Mladenoff, David

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

FRACTURE TOUGHNESS OF WOOD AND WOOD COMPOSITES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FRACTURE TOUGHNESS OF WOOD AND WOOD COMPOSITES DURING CRACK PROPAGATION Noah Matsumoto Structural, USA * Corresponding author: John.Nairn@oregonstate.edu SWST member #12;Fracture Toughness of Wood and Wood Composites During Crack Propagation ABSTRACT The mode I fracture toughness as a function of crack

Nairn, John A.

42

Microsoft Word - CX-BigEddy-RedmondWoodPoles_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-Celilo SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Darrell Aaby Line Foreman III - TFDF-Redmond Proposed Action: Wood pole replacements at select locations...

43

Microsoft Word - CX-CowlitzTaptoChehalis-CovingtonWoodPoles_WEB...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-Covington SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Clay Grande Line Foreman III - TFCF-Covington Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement at...

44

TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCOTLAND'S TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS #12;2 SCOTLAND'S TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS2 #12;SCOTLAND'S TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS 3 CONTENTS CHAPTER 1 SCOTLAND'S FORESTS CHAPTER 2 FORESTS FOR PEOPLE CHAPTER 3 FORESTS SCOTLAND'S TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS #12;4 SCOTLAND'S TREES, WOODS AND FORESTS4 This booklet is written

45

Using waste wood as fuel saves $2000 per day  

SciTech Connect

Sawdust and wood residue replaced natural gas or number 2 fuel oil to fire 2 kilns at the Cherokee Brick Co. in Raleigh, NC, resulting in savings of $2000/day. Exhaust air from the kilns was sent directly back to a rotating dryer to dry the waste wood. The dried wood containing 8 to 12% moisture was supplied, around the clock, at a rate of 140 ton/day of dry material. (BLM)

Ragland, W. (Cherokee Brick Co., Raleigh, NC); Byrnes, D.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Blythe-Knob\t161-kV\tTransmission\tLine Cross\tArm\tReplacements\t...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 Blythe-Knob 161-kV Transmission Line Cross Arm Replacements - Continuation Sheet Project Description (continued) The wood cross arms on a number of wood H-frame structures have...

47

Advanced method for turbine steam path deterioration and performance analysis  

SciTech Connect

The deterioration of a Steam Path affects the efficiency of a turbine. The most critical factors which affect the efficiency of steam and gas turbines are: seals wearing out, deposits, corrosion which causes material losses, solid particle erosion which leads to severe blade trailing edge material losses and others. Computer programs for design analysis of steam and gas turbines were developed. The input data are the steam or gas parameters before and after the turbine, mass flow and the blade path geometry (length, width, diameter, metal angles and clearances). The program calculates steam and gas parameters and their deviation from the design data. The blade path deterioration changes the dimensions such as blade throat, and in extreme cases also the angles. Putting the actual geometry into the program, the deviations from the design points are calculated exactly. The deviations expressed in kW as losses per stage are determined and listed. The paper briefly describes the program algorithm, sensitivity to geometry measurement errors and overall exactitude. Also, examples from field evaluations of some turbines are presented and illustrated. These tools are very helpful to the management the power plants in undertaking a correct decision concerning the date of the next major maintenance and replacement part procurement. The data gathered can be utilized for a more precise performance diagnostic during operation of the turbine.

Kubiak, J.; Angel, F. del; Carnero, A.; Campos, A.; Urquiza, G.; Marino, C.; Villegas, M. [Inst. de Investigaciones Electricas, Temixco, Morelos (Mexico). Div. Sistemas Mecanicos

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

48

Wood Quality: The Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Quality: The Effects of Planting Density and Thinning Eini C. Lowell PNW Research Station wood quality? By volume, characteristic, product? #12;http://jilldenton.files.wordpress.com/2007, faster #12;What is it that defines wood quality?What is it that defines wood quality? Density: earlywood

49

Wood Resources International  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Resources International Wood Raw Material Consumption on the Rise Despite Weak Global Economy UNECE Timber Committee Meeting October 7-8, 2003 Geneva, Switzerland Håkan Ekström Wood Resources International #12;Wood Resources International Outline · Roundwood Removals · Roundwood Consumption · Raw

50

Assessing Deterioration of ADSS Fiber Optic Cables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessing Deterioration of ADSS Fiber Optic Cables Due to Corona Discharge Final Project Report of ADSS Fiber Optic Cables Due to Corona Discharge Final Project Report George G. Karady, Project Leader-Supporting) fiber optic cables installed on high voltage lines. The high electric field on those lines generates

51

NISTIR 6399 Deterioration of Iowa Highway Concrete  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interpretations. The deterioration has been attributed to effects of ettringite formation (including delayed ettringite formation), alkali-silica expansive reactions, and to frost attack, or some combination of them of some of the finer-sized voids by ettringite further degraded the air void system. The filling increases

Bentz, Dale P.

52

Wood Products 201213 Student Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Products 201213 Student Handbook Ecosystem Science and Management College ........................................................................................................................... 2 Wood Products Undergraduate Program ...................................................................................................................................................... 3 Careers for Wood Products Majors

Boyer, Elizabeth W.

53

Introduction Mich ael Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Mich ael Wood Italo Calvino was discreet about his life and the lives of others or mechanical means without prior written permission of the publisher. #12;viii michael wood notion with great

Rowley, Clarence W.

54

WOOD STREET METERED LOT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LOT E1 LOT O WOOD STREET METERED LOT LOT W5 LOT C4 LOT B4 LOT L LOT M MARSHFIELDAVENUE PAULINASTREET Clinical Sciences Building UI Hospital Wood Street Station Clinical Sciences North Grand Grounds Garden

Dai, Yang

55

CURRICULUM VITAE Robert Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CURRICULUM VITAE Robert Wood Assistant Professor Atmospheric Sciences, Box 351640, University. Publications [1] Wood, R., I. M. Stromberg, P. R. Jonas and C. S. Mill, 1997: Analysis of an air motion system on a light aircraft for boundary layer research. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 14, 960-968. [2] Wood, R., D. W

Wood, Robert

56

Wood Durability Service & Reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Durability Laboratory Service & Reliability Equipment & Facilities Field sites for AWPA E-7 (mold) tests. Wood weathering facilities. Lab-scale pressure treating cylin- ders. X-ray preservative analyzer (Oxford Twin-X). State-of-the-art facilities for wood and plastics composites manufacturing

57

The Friction of Wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1958 research-article The Friction of Wood D. Atack D. Tabor Earlier work, especially...following paper shows that the friction of wood may be explained in a similar way, that...The friction was studied between balsam wood (Abies balsamea) and surfaces of steel...

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

STEO October 2012 - wood  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

More U.S. households burning wood this winter to stay warm, More U.S. households burning wood this winter to stay warm, reversing two-decade decline Burning wood as the primary heating source in U.S. households has risen over the last 10 years, reversing the decline seen in the 1980s and 1990s. About 2.6 million households out of 115 million will rely on wood as the main way to warm their homes this winter. That's up 3 percent from last year, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration's new winter fuels forecast. The West will have the most households using wood as their primary space heating fuel, followed by the Midwest, South and Northeast regions of the United States. Wood is also the second most common backup fuel, after electricity, that households across the U.S. use as a supplemental heating source. Almost half of all rural households use wood this

59

Clean-Burning Wood Stove Grant Program (Maryland) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean-Burning Wood Stove Grant Program (Maryland) Clean-Burning Wood Stove Grant Program (Maryland) Clean-Burning Wood Stove Grant Program (Maryland) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Program Info Start Date 09/07/2012 State Maryland Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Stick Burning Stove: $500 Pellet Burning Stove: $700 The Maryland Energy Administration (MEA) now offers the Clean Burning Wood Stove Grant program as part of its Residential Clean Energy Grant Program. The Clean Burning Wood Stove Grant program offers a flat grant award of $500 for stick burning wood stoves and $700 for pellet burning wood stoves that meet program eligibility requirements. Basic requirements for grant funding include: *The property must serve as primary residence *Clean burning wood stove must replace existing electric or non-natural gas

60

Wood pellet production  

SciTech Connect

Southern Energy Limited's wood pellet refinery, Bristol, Florida, produces wood pellets for fuel from scrap wood from a nearby sawmill and other hog fuel delivered to the plant from nearby forest lands. The refinery will provide 50,000 tons of pellets per year to the Florida State Hospital at Chattahoochee to fire recently converted boilers in the central power plant. The pellets are densified wood, having a moisture content of about 10% and a heating value of 8000 Btu/lb. They are 0.5 inches in diameter and 2 to 3 inches in length.

Moore, J.W.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Woods for Learning Strategy Woods for Learning Strategy | 32 | Woods for Learning Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strategy Woods for Learning #12;Woods for Learning Strategy Woods for Learning Strategy | 32 | Woods for Learning Strategy Foreword We want our young people to be successful learners, confident the use of woods for learning. Woodlands provide a rich resource for a range of learning opportunities

62

Friction of wood on steel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis deals with the experimental description of friction between steel and wood materials, specifically laminated veneer lumber (LVL) and pine wood with two… (more)

Koubek, Radek

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Chopwell Wood Health Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chopwell Wood Health Project An innovative project of school visits and General Practitioner. The project took place at Chopwell Wood a 360 hectare mixed woodland managed by the Forestry Commission to carry on being involved in the project. Next stage of the project Although the project leader has now

64

Microsoft Word - CX-Driscoll-NaselleWood PolesFY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPAlvey SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Ryan Brady Line Foreman III - TFOK-Chehalis Proposed Action: In-kind wood pole replacements as needed on...

65

Marcelo A. Wood Marcelo A. Wood, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marcelo A. Wood 1 Marcelo A. Wood, Ph.D. Curriculum Vitae June, 2013 Current Appointment: Associate, University of California, Irvine #12;Marcelo A. Wood 2 Teaching Experience: since joining UCI 2006, American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ACNP) #12;Marcelo A. Wood 3 Journal/Editorial Review Service

Wood, Marcelo A.

66

WOOD RESEARCH 53 (4): 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 WOOD RESEARCH 53 (4): 2008 1-12 CAMBIAL ACTIVITY AND WOOD FORMATION IN BEECH FAGUS SYLVATICA, Department of Wood Science and Technology, Ljubljana, Slovenia Jozica Griar Slovenian Forestry Institute (Fagus sylvatica), cambium, wood formation, cell differentiation, xylem growth rings, Gompertz function

Cufar, Katarina

67

WOOD RESEARCH 52 (2): 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 WOOD RESEARCH 52 (2): 2007 1-10 WOOD FORMATION IN NORWAY SPRUCE PICEA ABIES STUDIED BY PINNING Zupani, Katarina Cufar, Primoz Oven University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Department of Wood methods for examining wood formation. Pinning induced desiccation of differentiated xylem, necrosis

Cufar, Katarina

68

Generating power with waste wood  

SciTech Connect

Among the biomass renewables, waste wood has great potential with environmental and economic benefits highlighting its resume. The topics of this article include alternate waste wood fuel streams; combustion benefits; waste wood comparisons; waste wood ash; pilot scale tests; full-scale test data; permitting difficulties; and future needs.

Atkins, R.S.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Wood Heating Fuel Exemption  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This statute exempts from the state sales tax all wood or "refuse-derived" fuel used for heating purposes. The law does not make any distinctions about whether the qualified fuels are used for...

70

Woods for Health Strategy Woods for Health Strategy | 32 | Woods for Health Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strategy Woods for Health #12;Woods for Health Strategy Woods for Health Strategy | 32 | Woods for Health Strategy Foreword Like the rest of the western world, Scotland experiences growing rates a key role in helping to promote better physical and mental health for all by providing greenspace

71

Gregory H. Woods  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

H. Woods H. Woods Department· of Energy Fermi Site Office Post Office Box 2000 Batavia, Illinois 60510 JAN 1 1 2DD Office of the General Counsel GC-1, FORS SUBJECT: FERMI SITE OFFICE (FSO) 2013 ANNUAL NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT (NEPA) PLANNING SUMMARY Section 5(a) (7) of Department Of Energy Order 451.1 B Change 2, NEPA Compliance Program, requires each Secretarial Officer and Head of Field Organization to submit an annual NEPA

72

URBAN WOOD/COAL CO-FIRING IN THE NIOSH BOILER PLANT  

SciTech Connect

Phase I of this project began by obtaining R&D variances for permits at the NIOSH boilerplant (NBP), Emery Tree Service (ETS) and the J. A. Rutter Company (JARC) for their portions of the project. Wood for the test burn was obtained from the JARC inventory (pallets), Thompson Properties and Seven D Corporation (construction wood), and the Arlington Heights Housing Project (demolition wood). The wood was ground at ETS and JARC, delivered to the Three Rivers Terminal and blended with coal. Three one-day tests using wood/coal blends of 33% wood by volume (both construction wood and demolition wood) were conducted at the NBP. Blends using hammermilled wood were operationally successful. Emissions of SO{sub 2} and NOx decreased and that of CO increased when compared with combusting coal alone. Mercury emissions were measured and evaluated. During the first year of Phase II the principal work focused upon searching for a replacement boilerplant and developing a commercial supply of demolition wood. The NBP withdrew from the project and a search began for another stoker boilerplant in Pennsylvania to replace it on the project. Three potential commercial demolition wood providers were contacted. Two were not be able to supply wood. At the end of the first year of Phase II, discussions were continuing with the third one, a commercial demolition wood provider from northern New Jersey. During the two-and-a-third years of the contract extension it was determined that the demolition wood from northern New Jersey was impractical for use in Pittsburgh, in another power plant in central New Jersey, and in a new wood gasifier being planned in Philadelphia. However, the project team did identify sufficient wood from other sources for the gasifier project. The Principal Investigator of this project assisted a feasibility study of wood gasification in Clarion County, Pennsylvania. As a result of the study, an independent power producer in the county has initiated a small wood gasification project at its site. Throughout much of this total project the Principal Investigator has counseled two small businesses in developing a waxed cardboard pellet business. A recent test burn of this biofuel appears successful and a purchase contract is anticipated soon. During the past two months a major tree-trimming firm has shown an active interest in entering the wood-chip fuel market in the Pittsburgh area and has contacted the NBP, among others, as potential customers. The NBP superintendent is currently in discussion with the facilities management of the Bruceton Research Center about resuming their interest in cofiring this renewable fuel to the stoker there.

James T. Cobb Jr.

2005-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

73

Wye Wood: the wider wood : A project description and evaluation page 1 January 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wye Wood: the wider wood : A project description and evaluation page 1 January 2007 Wye Wood: the wider wood A project description and evaluation Report written by: Dr Frances Howie Associate Director Parrott Health Development Worker, Wye Wood: the wider wood #12;Wye Wood: the wider wood : A project

74

CCA-Treated Wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Chromated copper arsenate (CCA) is a chemical preservative that protects wood from rotting due to insects and microbial agents. It has been used to pressure-treated lumber since the 1930s. Since the 1970s, the majority of the wood used in residential settings was CCA-treated wood. It is a registered chemical pesticide that is subject to US Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) regulation. The pesticide registration for CCA was modified as a result of a voluntary agreement reached in February 2002 between the registrants and EPA, in order to transition to a new generation of preservatives for most nonindustrial applications. That agreement permitted the use of CCA for all existing registered uses until December 2003 and the continued sale and distribution of CCA-treated wood treated in accordance with the label. After 1 January 2004, following label amendment, CCA was permitted and continues to be sold to treat wood for many uses. This article is a revision of the previous edition article by C. Charles Barton and Thomas T. Newton, volume 1, pp 489–490, © 2005, Elsevier Inc.

C. Barton

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Precision wood particle feedstocks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Wood particles having fibers aligned in a grain, wherein: the wood particles are characterized by a length dimension (L) aligned substantially parallel to the grain, a width dimension (W) normal to L and aligned cross grain, and a height dimension (H) normal to W and L; the L.times.H dimensions define two side surfaces characterized by substantially intact longitudinally arrayed fibers; the W.times.H dimensions define two cross-grain end surfaces characterized individually as aligned either normal to the grain or oblique to the grain; the L.times.W dimensions define two substantially parallel top and bottom surfaces; and, a majority of the W.times.H surfaces in the mixture of wood particles have end checking.

Dooley, James H; Lanning, David N

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

76

Microsoft Word - CX-TroutdaleWindowReplacement_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 2011 , 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Eric Weekley Project Manager - NWM-4 Proposed Action: Replace existing steel windows at the Troutdale Substation control house PP&A Project No.: PP&A-1699 Budget Information: Work Order No. 242796 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities and custodial services for buildings, structures, ... Location: Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Troutdale Substation located in Troutdale, Oregon Proposed by: BPA Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace the deteriorating existing steel windows at the Troutdale Substation control house with new, in-kind steel windows.

77

Woods In and Around Towns: Phase II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policy WIAT Woods In and Around Towns: Phase II #12;2 | Woods In and Around Towns: Phase II working with Forestry Commission Scotland on Woods In and Around Towns #12;Woods In and Around Towns: Phase II Woods In and Around Towns: Phase II | 3 What is this about? The Woods In and Around Towns (WIAT) Programme provides

78

April, 2006 Allen W. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 April, 2006 Vita Allen W. Wood Academic Address: Philosophy Department, Bldg 90 Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305-2155 Telephone 650-723-2587 Fax 650-723-0985 E-mail: Allen.Wood University, 1999-2000. Professor of Philosophy, Stanford University, 1999-2001 Ward W. and Priscilla B. Woods

Zalta, Edward N.

79

Inaugural 2012 Kristie Ann Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inaugural 2012 Kristie Ann Wood Scholarship Award Call for Nominations We are delighted to announce the Inaugural 2012 Kristie Ann Wood Scholarship Award for an Outstanding Women's, Gender, and Sexualities (WGSS Wood, a feminist mother, wife, friend, daughter, and lawyer who is remembered by her loved ones

Alpay, S. Pamir

80

Environmental Impacts of Treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Impacts of Treated Wood 6495_C000.fm Page iii Wednesday, February 1, 2006 5:48 PM #12 associated with treated wood. Bill Hinkley died on September 12, 2005, shortly before the completion received contributions from many of the world's leading scientists on the subject of treated wood, and we

Florida, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The Asian Wood Pellet Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Asian Wood Pellet Markets Joseph A. Roos and Allen M. Brackley United States Department.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Alaska Wood Utilization Wood Pellet plant in North Pole, Alaska. Clockwise from upper left: pelleting machine; pellets bagged

82

Radiation Source Replacement Workshop  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes a Radiation Source Replacement Workshop in Houston Texas on October 27-28, 2010, which provided a forum for industry and researchers to exchange information and to discuss the issues relating to replacement of AmBe, and potentially other isotope sources used in well logging.

Griffin, Jeffrey W.; Moran, Traci L.; Bond, Leonard J.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The Wood Duck  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wood Duck Wood Duck Nature Bulletin No. 502-A October 13, 1973 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE WOOD DUCK Of all the fowl that swim, the Wood Duck is a most unusual bird. They perch in trees like jaybirds, and nest in tree holes like woodpeckers. The hens do not quack like the females of most ducks, and the drakes are dressed in a riot of gaudy colors. Each summer we see dozens of them -- more than any other kind of wild duck -- rear their families of ducklings on and around the streams, ponds, lakes and sloughs of Cook County's forest preserves. Words can scarcely describe the brilliance of the drake's plumage. The head, crest and back glint with iridescent greens, purples and blues. The eyes are red, the throat white, and the bill orange-red. The breast is wine-colored flecked with white, the belly is white, and the sides are buff. The woodie is about midway in size between the mallard and the blue-winged teal. The drakes weigh about a pound and a half. The hen is smaller and plainer, with a gray-brown head and body, a white throat, and a conspicuous white ring around the eye. Her voice is a shrill, squealing "whoo-eek", while the male's is a mere squeak.

84

Rheological Model for Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood as the most important natural and renewable building material plays an important role in the construction sector. Nevertheless, its hygroscopic character basically affects all related mechanical properties leading to degradation of material stiffness and strength over the service life. Accordingly, to attain reliable design of the timber structures, the influence of moisture evolution and the role of time- and moisture-dependent behaviors have to be taken into account. For this purpose, in the current study a 3D orthotropic elasto-plastic, visco-elastic, mechano-sorptive constitutive model for wood, with all material constants being defined as a function of moisture content, is presented. The corresponding numerical integration approach, with additive decomposition of the total strain is developed and implemented within the framework of the finite element method (FEM). Moreover to preserve a quadratic rate of asymptotic convergence the consistent tangent operator for the whole model is derived. Functionality and capability of the presented material model are evaluated by performing several numerical verification simulations of wood components under different combinations of mechanical loading and moisture variation. Additionally, the flexibility and universality of the introduced model to predict the mechanical behavior of different species are demonstrated by the analysis of a hybrid wood element. Furthermore, the proposed numerical approach is validated by comparisons of computational evaluations with experimental results.

Mohammad Masoud Hassani; Falk K. Wittel; Stefan Hering; Hans J. Herrmann

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

85

Woods on Private Estates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of Estate Woodlands". Mr. Orde-Powlett first dealt with the value of the existing private woods to Great Britain during the Great War, pointing out that although the Forestry ... can afford to give adequate pay to the staff maintained. Since the majority of the private woodlands are not run on business lines they are under-staffed. If properly run, ...

1937-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

86

Wood Energy in America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...hydroelectric, geothermal, and biomass sources...to the city's district energy system (7...of wood fuel for heating and cooling of buildings...and dependence on heating oil (21), but...transitions to AWC heating and cooling are technically...Third, expand district-energy systems...

Daniel deB. Richter; Jr.; Dylan H. Jenkins; John T. Karakash; Josiah Knight; Lew R. McCreery; Kasimir P. Nemestothy

2009-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

87

Mississippi Regulations for the Prevention of Significant Deterioration of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regulations for the Prevention of Significant Regulations for the Prevention of Significant Deterioration of Air Quality (Mississippi) Mississippi Regulations for the Prevention of Significant Deterioration of Air Quality (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Mississippi

88

PSNH's Northern Wood power project repowers coal-fired plant with new fluidized-bed combustor  

SciTech Connect

The Northern Wood Power project permanently replaced a 50-MW coal-burning boiler (Unit 5) at Public Service of New Hampshire's Schiller station with a state-of-the-art circulating fluidized bed wood-burning boiler of the same capacity. The project, completed in December 2006, reduced emissions and expanded the local market for low-grade wood. For planning and executing the multiyear, $75 million project at no cost to its ratepayers, PSNH wins Power's 2007 Marmaduke Award for excellence in O & M. The award is named for Marmaduke Surfaceblow, the fictional marine engineer/plant troubleshoot par excellence. 7 figs., 1 tab.

Peltier, R.

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

Dynamic loss properties of wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Internal friction and dielectric lossmeasurements have been made on whole wood on cellulose and on lignin. A prominent ? peak is seen at 200 K for frequencies around 1 Hz. This peak shifts to lower temperatures (near 160 K) when wood is heated to 475 K. We propose that this shift signifies molecular changes characteristic of the first stages of coalification of wood and lignin. Additional comparisons are made with the macromolecular structure of amber oil shale and synthetic polymers.

C. A. Wert; Manford Weller; Dan Caulfield

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

SOME POV-RAY TEXTURES AND COLORS T_Wood1 to T_Wood35  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOME POV-RAY TEXTURES AND COLORS WOODS.INC T_Wood1 to T_Wood35 STONES.INC T_Stone1 to T_Stone44Pink DarkPurple NeonBlue CoolCopper MandarinOrange LightWood MediumWood DarkWood SpicyPink Semi

Lee, Carl

91

Isocyanate-Wood Adhesive Bond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have used infrared spectroscopy to study the reaction between phenyl isocyanate and glucose, cellulose, lignin, and wood. In the latter instance we have investigated oven-dried...

Weaver, F William; Owen, Noel L

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Successful biomass (wood pellets ) implementation in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of primary energy in Estonia ! Wood fuels production ! Pellet firing projects in Estonia ­ SIDA Demo East Production of wood fuels in Estonia in 2002 Regional Energy Centres in Estonia Wood pellets production

93

Causes and Control of Wood Decay,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Causes and Control of Wood Decay, Degradation & Stain #12;2 Contents Moisture .................................................................................3 Wood Degradation: Causes and Control..............................4 Weathering......................................................................................................4 Naturally Decay-resistant Species...........................................................5 Wood

94

Morphological characteristics in relation to seed deterioration in sorghum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for each selection at harvest, and the organisms were identified. As a result of severe weathering conditions that existed during the growing season, few of the selections had a high level of resis- tance to field deterioration. Disease data were... of little value in differentiating among the selections for weathering resistance be- cause 100X infection occurred by the second and third harvests. iv germination and emergence data revealed considerable variation among genotypes for resistance...

Ellis, Eugene Bailey

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

95

Retail Replacement Lamps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Annual CALiPER testing of A19, G25, candelabra, night light, MR16/PAR16, PAR20, and PAR30 replacement lamps – purchased directly from store shelves – offers insights on performance trends from year to year. The report findings offer valuable insights for manufacturers and retailers alike.

96

WRITTEN TESTIMONY OF DR. ROBERT J. WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WRITTEN TESTIMONY OF DR. ROBERT J. WOOD DIRECTOR OF THE COOPERATIVE OXFORD LABORATORY NATIONAL Robert Wood, Director of the Cooperative Oxford Laboratory, a cooperative scientific research laboratory

97

Wood, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

t":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Display map Wood is a town in Wood County, Wisconsin.1 References US Census Bureau Incorporated...

98

Creating Value Wood Products Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and an information dissemination plan. The program areas are Industrial Process Improvement, Environmental Assessment1 Creating Value for the Wood Products Industry Creating Value for the Wood Products Industry Louisiana Forest Products Development Center #12;2 Louisiana is blessed with quality timberland

99

Daniel Wood | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wood Wood About Us Daniel Wood - Data Integration Specialist Daniel Wood Daniel Wood is the Data Visualization and Cartographic Specialist in the Office of Public Affairs at the Department of Energy. He develops creative and interactive ways of viewing the Energy Department's vast array of data. You can check out some of his work here. Prior to joining the Energy.gov team, Daniel worked at a large PR firm in Washington, D.C, doing web development and technical project management. Daniel is a graduate of Boston University but a true Philadelphian at heart. On his off days you are likely to find him exploring new neighborhoods on his bike or hanging out with the awesome kids over at Little Lights Urban Ministries. Most Recent The History of the Light Bulb November 22

100

Mexico’s Deteriorating Oil Outlook: Implications and Energy Options for the Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No. 8: David Shields, Mexico’s Deteriorating Oil Outlook:and Brazil, would help Mexico’s oil industry become moreof California, Berkeley Mexico’s Deteriorating Oil Outlook:

Shields, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Seoul, South Korea -classification deteriorating slope stability -Robert Hack 1 SLOPE STABILITY CLASSIFICATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seoul, South Korea - classification deteriorating slope stability - Robert Hack 1 SLOPE STABILITY CLASSIFICATION OF TIME DEPENDENT DETERIORATING SLOPES Seoul, Korea, 29 February 2008 Robert Hack Engineering) The Netherlands #12;Seoul, South Korea - classification deteriorating slope stability - Robert Hack 2 Jan van

Hack, Robert

102

Single machine scheduling problems under the effects of nonlinear deterioration and time-dependent learning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Job deterioration and machine learning co-exist in various real life scheduling settings. This paper studies several single machine scheduling problems under the joint effect of nonlinear job deterioration and time-dependent learning. We assume that ... Keywords: Deteriorating jobs, Scheduling, Time-dependent learning effect

M. Duran Toksar?; Daniel Oron; Ertan GüNer

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Wood would burn  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Absract In view of the world-wide problem of energy sustainability and greenhouse gas production (carbon dioxide), it is timely to review the issues involved in generating heat and power from all fuels and especially new (to the UK) solid fuels, including high moisture fuels such as wood, SRF, oil shale, tar sands and brown coal, which will become major international fuels as oil and gas become depleted. The combustion properties of some of these materials are significantly different from traditional coal, oil and gas fuels, however the technology proposed herein is also applicable to these conventional fuels. This paper presents some innovative combustion system options and the associated technical factors that must be considered for their implementation. For clarity of understanding, the novel concepts will be largely presented in terms of a currently developing solid fuel market; biomass wood chips. One of the most important characteristics of many solid fuels to be used in the future (including oil shale and brown coal) is their high moisture content of up to 60%. This could be removed by utilising low grade waste heat that is widely available in industry to dry the fuel and thus reduce transport costs. Burning such dried wood for power generation also increases the energy available from combustion and thus acts as a thermal transformer by upgrading the low grade heat to heat available at combustion temperatures. The alternative approach presented here is to recover the latent heat by condensing the extrinsic moisture and the water formed during combustion. For atmospheric combustion, the temperature of the condensed combustion products is below the dew point at about 55–65 °C and is only suitable for recovery in an efficient district heating system. However, in order to generate power from the latent heat, the condensation temperature must be increased to the level where the heat can be used in the thermodynamic power cycle. This can be achieved by increasing the combustion pressure to above 80 bar, resulting in the recovered latent heat being available at more than 200 °C. It can then be used to increase the cycle efficiency by about 15% by pre-heating the boiler water and/or combustion air etc. A further advantage is that the high pressure of the combustion gases also reduces the superheater tube stress since it can balance the steam pressure. The key advantage of this high pressure flue gas is that it is above the pressure at which carbon dioxide ‘condenses’ to a liquid or supercritical gas at atmospheric temperature. Thus when used with oxy-fuel combustion, the carbon dioxide flue gas from which the moisture has been condensed can be cooled to atmospheric temperature and the supercritical CO2 can be fed directly into the pipes leading to the sequestration site. An important consideration of these strategies is to ensure that non-condensable gases in the exhaust, including oxygen and nitrogen, do not adversely affect the ‘condensation’ processes. When oxy-fuel combustion is used, the flame temperature must be moderated by a cool diluent. Recycled carbon dioxide is often proposed for this duty. However, since the latent heat is recovered, the moisture or even additional water can fulfil this role. This latter option may be advantageous since it is more efficient to pump wood chip fuel in water into the high pressure zone rather than feed solid wood particles. Surplus water can be simply drained and the wet wood chips are a good fuel when the latent heat of the moisture in the fuel gases is recovered into the power cycle. Bearing in mind that it is much more efficient to pump a liquid to high pressure than to compress the same material as a gas, indicates that cryogenic oxygen is a suitable material to use for an efficient power station that generates energy from biomass (or other fuels such as coal etc). Finally, combustion of the hydrogen from the water–gas reaction with oxygen allows the steam temperature in the turbine to be increased to the “gas-turbine engine” range of 1000–1400 °C an

Jim Swithenbank; Qun Chen; Xiaohui Zhang; Vida Sharifi; Mohamed Pourkashanian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

An optimal state-age replacement policy for a semi-Markov deterioration process / by Tilden Newton Mike  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(i) is the relative cost of state i when v(L) = 0 and g(w) is the relative cost rate of the policy 1 The relative values of v(i) are used to find the decision x. that will minimize the test quantity r(i, x. ) given by 1 L f(i, x) + z q(i, j, x) v(j, x) ? v(i, x.../ r(i, ~. ) = =0 T(i, ~) When a new x. has been determined for each i, a new pol1cy ~ has been defined. The new pol1cy is then evaluated by solving for the cost rate and relative costs of the states. Iterations continue in an attempt to 1mprove...

Mikel, Tilden Newton

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Wood River Levee Reconstruction, Madison County, IL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood River Levee Reconstruction, Madison County, IL 25 October 2006 Abstract: The recommended plan provides for flood damage reduction and restores the original degree of protection of the Wood River Levee-federal sponsor is the Wood River Drainage and Levee District. The Wood River Levee System was authorized

US Army Corps of Engineers

106

Original article Growth stresses in tension wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Growth stresses in tension wood: role of microfibrils and lignification T Okuyama the growth stress generation in the region of normal and tension woods. growth stress/ tension wood in normal and ten- sion wood. The compressive stress from the deposition of lignin controls the level

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

107

Global Timber and Wood Products Market Update -a news brief from Wood Resources International LLC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Timber and Wood Products Market Update - a news brief from Wood Resources International LLC to be the major destination for Latin American wood chips, reports the Wood Resource Quarterly In late 2011 wood chips from only three countries: Vietnam, Indonesia and Australia, who together shipped 1

108

Testosterone-Replacement Therapy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...took a quiz on a commercial website. On the basis of his answers to the questions on the quiz — he answered "yes" to questions about decreased energy, decreased ability to play sports, and decreased sexual pleasure and erectile function — the site suggested that he talk to his doctor. Martin adds... Testosterone-replacement therapy for aging men is controversial and is being debated amid heightened concern about associated cardiovascular risks. This Clinical Decisions article features expert opinions from both sides of the debate. Vote and comment at NEJM.org.

2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

109

Structure-Infesting Wood-Boring Beetles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

everal kinds of beetles damage stored wood, structural timbers and other wood products. The tunneling activities E-394 03/06 Structure-Infesting Wood-Boring Beetles John A. Jackman* S *Professor and Extension Entomologist, The Texas A... at these locations. Other signs of an infestation include stained wood or a blistering appearance on the wood surface caused by larvae tunneling just below the surface. Less commonly, immature beetles produce audible rasping or ticking sounds while chewing...

Jackman, John A.

2006-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

110

Integrated Industrial Wood Chip Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The sources of supply of wood residues for energy generation are described and the rationale for exploring the potential available from forest harvesting is developed. Details of three industrial-scale projects are presented and the specific...

Owens, E. T.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Treatment of Wood Preserving Wastewater  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The wastewater produced by the wood preserving industry presents a difficult problem to treat economically. A review of the literature indicates the size of the industry has limited the pursuit of an orderly and economic solution. Atmospheric...

Reynolds, T. D.; Shack, P. A.

112

Cadmium plating replacements  

SciTech Connect

The Boeing Company has been searching for replacements to cadmium plate. Two alloy plating systems seem close to meeting the needs of a cadmium replacement. The two alloys, zinc-nickel and tin-zinc are from alloy plating baths; both baths are neutral pH. The alloys meet the requirements for salt fog corrosion resistance, and both alloys excel as a paint base. Currently, tests are being performed on standard fasteners to compare zinc-nickel and tin-zinc on threaded hardware where cadmium is heavily used. The Hydrogen embrittlement propensity of the zinc-nickel bath has been tested, and just beginning for the tin-zinc bath. Another area of interest is the electrical properties on aluminum for tin-zinc and will be discussed. The zinc-nickel alloy plating bath is in production in Boeing Commercial Airplane Group for non-critical low strength steels. The outlook is promising that these two coatings will help The Boeing Company significantly reduce its dependence on cadmium plating.

Nelson, M.J.; Groshart, E.C.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Replace / Renewal BUDGET ZZ106  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Replace / Renewal BUDGET ZZ106 FUND: 126 CERTIFIED FOOD MANAGER CERTIFICATE RENEWAL Certificate Replacement Reason for Application: Replacement $15.00 Certificate Renewal Reason for Application: [Renewal application may be submitted up to 60 days prior to expiration.] Renewal - $10.00 Please Note: All

114

Coextruded Polyethylene and Wood-Flour Composite: Effect of Shell Thickness, Wood Loading, and Core  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coextruded Polyethylene and Wood-Flour Composite: Effect of Shell Thickness, Wood Loading, and Core recycled polyethylene and wood-flour composites with core­shell structure were manufactured using a pilot

115

Wood and Pellet Heating | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wood and Pellet Heating Wood and Pellet Heating Wood and Pellet Heating November 25, 2013 - 2:24pm Addthis A wood stove on a stone hearth. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/King_Louie A wood stove on a stone hearth. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/King_Louie What does this mean for me? Wood or pellets may be an economical and environmentally sound heating fuel choice. If you live in an area where you can cut your own wood for heating, your fuel will be local and inexpensive. Today you can choose from a new generation of wood- and pellet-burning appliances that are cleaner burning, more efficient, and powerful enough to heat many average-sized, modern homes. Pellet fuel appliances burn small pellets that measure 3/8 to 1 inch in length. Choosing and Installing Wood- and Pellet-Burning Appliances

116

The conservation of waterlogged wood using sucrose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the major axis of the wood. The tubular structure of wood cells expedites the movement of water vapor along the grain. Water vapor will move 12 to 15 times faster along the grain than it does across it. In a cube shaped piece of wood much more water... to the major axis of the wood. The tubular structure of wood cells expedites the movement of water vapor along the grain. Water vapor will move 12 to 15 times faster along the grain than it does across it. In a cube shaped piece of wood much more water...

Parrent, James Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

117

Table 3.6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Table 3.6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2010; Table 3.6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Selected NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu. Wood Residues and Wood-Related Pulping Liquor Wood Byproducts and NAICS or Biomass Agricultural Harvested Directly from Mill Paper-Related Code(a) Subsector and Industry Black Liquor Total(b) Waste(c) from Trees(d) Processing(e) Refuse(f) Total United States 311 Food 0 44 43 * * 1 311221 Wet Corn Milling 0 1 1 0 0 0 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 0 1 0 0 1 0 321 Wood Products 0 218 * 13 199 6 321113 Sawmills 0 100 * 5 94 1 3212 Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Woods 0 95 * 6 87 2 321219 Reconstituted Wood Products 0 52 0 6 46 1 3219 Other Wood Products

118

Wood-Composites Industry Benefits from ALS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wood-Composites Industry Benefits from ALS Research Wood-Composites Industry Benefits from ALS Research Print Thursday, 25 October 2012 10:44 paris-wood composites Wood scientist...

119

Robert Wood, University of Washington many contributors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robert Wood, University of Washington many contributors VOCALS Education and Outreach Snider (Wyoming) · Dave Spencer (NCSU) · Cindy Twohy (OSU) · Rob Wood/Chris Bretherton/Rhea George

Wood, Robert

120

Reaction Wood: Its Structure and Function  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...WOOD AND OPPOSITE WOOD, TAPPI 52 : 2170 ( 1969 ). LEE...MATERIALS, ARKIV FOR KEMI 12 : 437 ( 1958 ). MOROHOSHI, N...1965). 17. P. Larson, Tappi 52, 2170 (1969). 18...Lindgren, Ark. Kemi 12, 437 (1958); C. L. Lee...

G. Scurfield

1973-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-01-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers Department of Entomology OAK. Ferris, Entomologists This metallic wood-boring beetle (Family Bupresti- dae) primarily attacks oaks. Oak wood- borers. Distribution: The native geographical range of this beetle includes parts of Asia, Africa

Ginzel, Matthew

122

STACY L. WOOD Department of Marketing wood@moore.sc.edu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STACY L. WOOD Department of Marketing wood@moore.sc.edu Moore School of Business ph. (803) 777) Alba, Joseph, John Lynch, Barton Weitz, Chris Janiszewski, Richard Lutz, Alan Sawyer, Stacy Wood (1997, September-October 1996, p. 12. Wood, Stacy L. (2001), "Remote Purchase Environments: The Influence of Return

Reif, John H.

123

1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-07-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers Department of Entomology JAPANESE. Pupation takes place in the wood and adults emerge by chewing a round exit hole. Adults feed on the tender) #12;2Wood Borer -- WB-07-W October 2012 It is the policy of the Purdue University Cooperative

Ginzel, Matthew

124

1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-06-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers Department of Entomology CAMPHOR August. Female beetles make a horizontal tunnel in the wood initiating gallery construction where/APHIS grant number 10-8100-1488-CA. #12;2Wood Borer -- WB-06-W October 2012 It is the policy of the Purdue

Ginzel, Matthew

125

1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-08-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers Department of Entomology OAK, these beetles feed on oak (Quercus spp). Direct damage results from galleries in the wood that are formed in the breeding season. The host trees for these beetles are important for the wood indus- try, orna

Ginzel, Matthew

126

1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-09-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers Department of Entomology EUROPEAN trees are very crucial for the wood industry, ornamental industry and many species of wildlife: The beetles construct the egg gal- leries perpendicular to the grain of the wood which can be found under

Ginzel, Matthew

127

Seneca Creek Associates, LLC Wood Resources International, LLC "Illegal" Logging and Global Wood Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seneca Creek Associates, LLC Wood Resources International, LLC SUMMARY "Illegal" Logging and Global Wood Markets: The Competitive Impacts on the U.S. Wood Products Industry Prepared for: American Forest Phone: 1-202-463-2713 Fax: 1-202- 463-4703 E-mail: agoetzl@sencreek.com Wood Resources International

128

WoodPolymer Composites Prepared by the In Situ Polymerization of Monomers Within Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood­Polymer Composites Prepared by the In Situ Polymerization of Monomers Within Wood Yong-Feng Li in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). ABSTRACT: Wood­polymer composites (WPCs) were prepared from poplar wood (P. ussuriensis Komarov) in a two-step procedure. Maleic anhydride (MAN) was first dis

129

Table 3.6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2002;" 6 Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 2002;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Selected NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." ,,"S e l e c t e d","W o o d","a n d","W o o d -","R e l a t e d","P r o d u c t s" ,,,,,"B i o m a s s" ,,,,,,"Wood Residues" ,,,,,,"and","Wood-Related" " "," ","Pulping Liquor"," "," ","Wood","Byproducts","and","RSE",," " "NAICS"," ","or","Biomass","Agricultural","Harvested Directly","from Mill","Paper-Related","Row"

130

Table N5.2. Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 1998  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 1998;" 2. Selected Wood and Wood-Related Products in Fuel Consumption, 1998;" " Level: National and Regional Data; " " Row: Selected NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Trillion Btu." ,,"S e l e c t e d","W o o d","a n d","W o o d -","R e l a t e d","P r o d u c t s" ,,,,,"B i o m a s s" ,,,,,,"Wood Residues" ,,,,,,"and","Wood-Related" " "," ","Pulping Liquor"," "," ","Wood","Byproducts","and","RSE",," " "NAICS"," ","or","Biomass","Agricultural","Harvested Directly","from Mill","Paper-Related","Row"

131

Wood Laminated Composite Louisiana Forest Product Lab  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Laminated Composite Poles Cheng Piao Louisiana Forest Product Lab School of Renewable Natural, in accordance with CSA O15, ANSI 05 and many other international standards #12;Wood Laminated Composite Poles y, v z, w R r x, u #12;Why Wood Composite Poles · Sufficient strength · More cost-effective · Light

132

c Copyright 2014 Benjamin P. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

c Copyright 2014 Benjamin P. Wood #12;#12;Software and Hardware Support for Data-Race Exceptions Benjamin P. Wood A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree;#12;University of Washington Abstract Software and Hardware Support for Data-Race Exceptions Benjamin P. Wood Co

Anderson, Richard

133

Generating Textures of New Zealand Native Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Generating Textures of New Zealand Native Wood Jack Wang Abstract - This report explores algorithms for computer generated textures simulating New Zealand native wood, we out line procedural and Ray tracing. The main goal of this research is to study New Zealand native wood in depth and to gather

Goodman, James R.

134

Harvested Wood Products -an Incentive for Deforestation?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Harvested Wood Products - an Incentive for Deforestation? Andreas Fischlin1 Abstract Mitigation to help promoting the utilization of the climate-friendly, renewable natural resource wood. This would: Fischlin, A., 2008. Harvested wood products - an incentive for deforestation? In: Hetsch, S. (ed

Fischlin, Andreas

135

CORRUPTION AND ILLEGAL LOGGING IN THE WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CORRUPTION AND ILLEGAL LOGGING IN THE WOOD PRODUCTS MARKET: the Italian experience in controlling% of wood international trade is based on illegal logging; a total value of 150 Billion $/year (OECD Environmental Outlook, 2001) · At least 50% of wood removals in the Amazon basin, Central Africa and South

Pettenella, Davide

136

FAO Forestry Department Wood Energy WISDOM Slovenia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FAO ­ Forestry Department ­ Wood Energy WISDOM ­ Slovenia Spatial woodfuel production Rudi Drigo Forestry Specialist - Wood energy planning and forest resources monitoring Zivan Veseli and information on wood energy aspects and actively collaborating with member countries in the development

137

Wood Futures Conference 8 November 2007, London  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Futures Conference 8 November 2007, London Today's and tomorrow's timber resources: Can we #12;Wood Futures Conference 8 November 2007, London Subjects I. Forest resources II. Forest products markets III. Certified forest products IV. Wood energy V. Conclusions VI. Recommendations VII. Questions

138

Research Summary The Chopwell Wood Health Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Summary The Chopwell Wood Health Project In 2005, the Department of Health published. This work focused on an evaluation of the Chopwell Wood Health Project in northeast England and highlights University. Background The Chopwell Wood Health Project was developed by a partnership consisting

139

Succession of Wood-inhabiting Fungal Communities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Succession of Wood-inhabiting Fungal Communities Diversity and Species Interactions During/Repro, Uppsala 2013 #12;Succession of Wood-inhabiting Fungal Communities ­ Diversity and Species Interactions During the Decomposition of Norway Spruce Abstract Dead wood constitutes an important substrate

140

School of Biological Sciences Juvenile wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

School of Biological Sciences Juvenile wood What is it and why should we be concerned? #12;School of Biological Sciences What is juvenile wood? A brief recap. There is no universally accepted definition of juvenile wood. It is typically described as follows · zone near to the pith · displays marked

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

A unified approach to creep of wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article A unified approach to creep of wood D. G. Hunt School of Engineering Systems...the most important mechanical property of wood is its resistance to deflection, including...logically, to a new way of characterizing wood creep, namely, plotting data in the form...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Managed operation and repair of a deteriorating large diameter pipeline  

SciTech Connect

Since 1986, Brandon Shores Generating Station has successfully managed a recurring maintenance problem with the buried prestressed concrete cylinder pipe (PCCP) of its circulating water system. It is the intent of this paper to provide a history of the plant`s approach to safely operating and maintaining the deteriorating pipe of this system. This paper will briefly discuss the results of failure analysis performed on the ruptured pipe. Findings of engineering studies addressing the structural integrity of the remaining pipeline will be discussed. The inspection methodology used at Brandon Shores to periodically assess the pipe will be described. Several methods of pipe repair, both external and internal will be detailed. Particular focus will be placed on an internal repair design successfully implemented on two pipe sections during a 1993 plant outage. This internal repair resulted in no loss of hydraulic section, and was erected in-place using conventional materials which were entirely transported through 36 inch manholes. The pipeline was placed back in service and has performed satisfactorily to date.

Cramblitt, K.L. [Baltimore Gas and Electric Company, Baltimore, MD (United States); Lawson, T.J. [Construction Technology Laboratories Inc., Skokie, IL (United States); Ciolko, A.T. [Construction Technology Labs. Inc., Skokie, IL (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Cultural Values of Trees, Woods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

research into the importance of the cultural values of trees, woods and forests for sustainable forest managers have to take account of cultural values as one of the central themes of Sustainable Forest and taking them into account as part of the processes of planning and decisionmaking. Cultural values

144

Optical computing Damien Woods a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical computing Damien Woods a aDepartment of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Institute, Vierimaantie 5, 84100 Ylivieska, Finland Abstract We consider optical computers that encode data using images and compute by transforming such images. We give an overview of a number of such optical

Woods, Damien

145

Optical computing Damien Woods a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical computing Damien Woods a aDepartment of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Institute, Vierimaantie 5, 84100 Ylivieska, Finland Abstract In this survey we consider optical computers of such optical computing archi- tectures, including descriptions of the type of hardware commonly used in optical

Woods, Damien

146

Online scheduling of simple linear deteriorating jobs to minimize the total general completion time  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Traditional scheduling assumes that the processing time of a job is fixed. Yet there are numerous situations in which the processing time increases (deteriorates) as the start time increases. In particular, lots of work has been devoted to jobs with simple linear deterioration. The processing time p j of job J j is a simple linear function of its start time s j , precisely, p j = b j s j , where b j is the deteriorating rate. In this paper, we study the problem of online non-preemptive scheduling of jobs with arbitrary release times and simple linear deteriorating rates on a single machine to minimize the total general completion time. We present an algorithm DSDR (Delayed Smallest Deteriorating Rate) and prove that it achieves the best-possible competitive ratio ( 1 + b max ) ? for all deterministic online algorithms, where ? is the general index of completion time and ? > 0 .

Sheng Yu; Prudence W.H. Wong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

James F. Wood | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

James F. Wood James F. Wood About Us James F. Wood - Deputy Assistant Secretary for Clean Coal Photo of James Wood Photo of James Wood James F. Wood is currently Deputy Assistant Secretary for Clean Coal in the Office of Fossil Energy (FE). In this position, he is responsible for the management and direction of the Office's clean coal research and development programs. Chief among these is the Carbon Sequestration program, the Clean Coal Power Initiative, and FE's $3.4 billion portfolio of Recovery Act projects. Wood has over 30 years of experience in the power industry. Most recently, he was president and CEO of Babcock Power Inc. (BPI), one of the major US-based designer/manufacturers of environmental, pressure part, heat exchanger, combustion equipment and after-market

148

Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction Qualifying Wood Stove Deduction < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Maximum Rebate 500 Program Info Start Date 1/1/1994 State Arizona Program Type Personal Deduction Rebate Amount Total cost, exclusive of taxes, interest and other finance charges Provider Arizona Department of Revenue This incentive allows Arizona taxpayers to deduct the cost of converting an existing wood fireplace to a qualifying wood stove. The cost to purchase and install all necessary equipment is tax deductible, up to a maximum $500 deduction. Qualifying wood stoves must meet the standards of performance for new wood heaters manufactured after July 1990, or sold after July 1992 pursuant to [http://www.epa.gov/oecaerth/resources/policies/monitoring/caa/woodstover...

149

NACS Voice Mail Replacement Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NACS Voice Mail Replacement Project Presented to the TPAG Monday, November 13, 2006 #12 criteria Integration with email is a key factor Taking a second look at Cisco & AVST Cost of Interactive

Brody, James P.

150

Virent is Replacing Crude Oil  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Breakout Session 2A—Conversion Technologies II: Bio-Oils, Sugar Intermediates, Precursors, Distributed Models, and Refinery Co-Processing Virent is Replacing Crude Oil Randy Cortright, Founder & Chief Technology Officer, Virent

151

Preparation of Wood Plastic Composite Sheets by Lateral Extrusion of Solid Woods Using their Fluidity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract During the course of our studies, we have learned that solid wood has significant deformability characteristics under specific conditions, resulting from slippage occurring among wood cells when wood treated with small-molecular resins is compressed under heat. Furthermore, the deformed shapes obtained are maintained when the resin introduced into the wood cells is cured. In this study, the lateral extrusion of thin discs of wood treated with thermosetting phenol resin is performed to apply this flowlike deformation behavior of wood to wood-forming techniques. Resin-treated thin discs of wood placed in a heating container were compressed by a punch, and under constant pressure the wood flowed into the cavity of a mold. Successful molding conditions were achieved by varying the pressure, temperature and wood fiber direction for the extrusion ratio of 42. The mechanical properties of the wood plastic composite (WPC) sheets obtained by this extrusion process are affected by the fiber direction of the wood in the extrudate, which is almost equivalent to the longitudinal direction of the cellulose crystals of wood. The maximum bending strength of the WPC sheets obtained was about 180 MPa, which is suitable for engineering plastics.

Tsunehisa Miki; Masako Seki; Soichi Tanaka; Nobuo Sobue; Ichinori Shigematsu; Kozo Kanayama

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

California Wood Energy Program1 Gary Brittner2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Wood Energy Program1 Gary Brittner2 The California Department of Forestry Wood Energy projects to increase utilization of wood for energy. The Wood Energy Program came about partly the management of the wood resource. The Department of Forestry recognized that an extensive resource

Standiford, Richard B.

153

The Bending of Wood With Steam.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Based on experimentation with the steam bending of wood to curved shapes, this thesis describes my involvement with three basic aspects of the process. First… (more)

Cottey Jr., James H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

One on One- Douglas K Woods  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A September 2014 interview with Douglas K Woods, the President of the Association for Manufacturing Technology, on the state of US manufacturing.

155

Richard F. Wood | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

F. Wood (1983) March 05, 2014 Solid State Division For theoretical research on the electronic and vibronic structures and optical properties of defects in ionic crystals, and for...

156

Fracture Modeling of Crack Propagation in Wood and Wood Composites Including Crack Tip Processes and Fiber Bridging Mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Fracture Modeling of Crack Propagation in Wood and Wood Composites Including Crack Tip Processes and Fiber Bridging Mechanics J. A. Nairn, N. Matsumoto Wood Science & Engineering, Oregon State University wood and wood composites develop process zones often consisting of fibers bridging the crack surfaces

Nairn, John A.

157

North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash 19 themes were: 1. softwood market developments, and 2. wood energy and wood mobilization. The main

158

Enzyme replacement therapy for Pompe disease  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transport of Active Enzymes to Lysosomes. Molecular therapyOF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Enzyme Replacement Therapy forDisease……………………………… 3 1.3 Enzyme Replacement Therapy for

Burris, Ryan Jonathan William

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

CSTB / CTBA Wood Preservation -Cannes 2001 MEASUREMENT OF VOC EMISSIONS FROM CURATIVE TREATED WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSTB / CTBA Wood Preservation - Cannes 2001 1 MEASUREMENT OF VOC EMISSIONS FROM CURATIVE TREATED WOOD : A NEW EMISSION TEST CHAMBER METHOD François MAUPETIT1 , Olivier RAMALHO1 and Christophe YRIEIX2 wood, emission test chamber, VOCs Introduction A poor indoor air quality (IAQ) is now recognized

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

160

1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-05-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers Department of Entomology ASIAN) #12;1-888-EXT-INFO · www.extension.purdue.edu 2Wood Borer -- WB-05-W October 2012 It is the policy

Ginzel, Matthew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Novel perspectives in wood certification and forensics: dry wood as a source of DNA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2002 research-article Novel perspectives in wood certification and forensics: dry wood as a source of DNA M. Deguilloux 1 2 M. Pemonge...St-Mande, 75012 Paris, France The importance of wood for human societies can hardly be understated...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Mexico’s Deteriorating Oil Outlook: Implications and Energy Options for the Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No. 8: David Shields, Mexico’s Deteriorating Oil Outlook:years. Estimating oil reserves in Mexico has long been aof as yet unproven oil reserves in Mexico’s part of the

Shields, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

E-Print Network 3.0 - appl induces deterioration Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 5 > >> 1 Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed page authorized 1. Report No. Summary: induced deterioration (MID). MID of materials constitutes a significant...

164

Comparison of lipid oxidation, iron catalysts, and flavor deterioration in beef, chicken, and pork  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to flavor deterioration in stored meat Reported studies indicate that susceptibility of muscle tissue to undergo lipid oxidation differs among meat animal species. However, the species effect is not consistent among research studies reported... to assess lipid oxidation. The objectives of this study were to compare lipid oxidation and flavor deterioration potential of beef, pork, and chicken muscles with the aforementioned experimental variables controlled. In addition, nonheme and heme iron...

Burchell, Lisa Michelle

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

A method of evaluating the performance deterioration of aircraft gas-turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A METHOD OF EVALUATING THE PERFORMANCE DETERIORATION OF AIRCRAFT GAS-TURBINES A Thesis by V. SUBRAMANIAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... May 1978 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering A METHOD OF EVALUATING THE PERFORMANCE DETERIORATION OF AIRCRAFT GAS-TURBINES A Thesis by V. SUBRAMANIAN Approved as to style and content by: Charrman o Commztt (Head o D pa ment Sg D~ Member...

Subramanian, V

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

166

Building America Top Innovations 2013 Profile Â… Window Replacement, Rehabilitation, & Repair Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

are also discussed. are also discussed. Water infiltration is dealt with at considerable length because windows are one of the likeliest components in the building structure for water entry and because water intrusion and resultant damage may have gone on unnoticed for some time as water can enter the wall cavity through and around the window assembly. Suggestions for investigating sources of water intrusion are provided. The condition of the decorative trim around the window can be an indication of water damage but deterioration of the trim is typically an aesthetic problem not a performance problem. However, if the window sill is damaged, it should be replaced because it is the means by which water will drain out away from the house or, incorrectly, into the wall. Damaged or deteriorating window sashes, frames, or casings

167

Department of Forest and Wood Science Academic Programmes for 2014  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Forest and Wood Science Academic Programmes for 2014 Postgraduate Diploma Enquiries: Head of Department Contact details: Department of Forest and Wood Science Stellenbosch University;Department of Forest and Wood Science - 2012 2 Contents: Postgraduate Programmes Postgraduate Diploma

Geldenhuys, Jaco

168

Wood-Composites Industry Benefits from ALS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wood-Composites Industry Benefits from ALS Research Print paris-wood composites Wood scientist and ALS user Jesse Paris (at left) is getting an intimate, 3-D view of adhesive...

169

MODE II FRACTURE BEHAVIOR OF BONDED VISCOELASTIC THERMAL COMPRESSED WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MODE II FRACTURE BEHAVIOR OF BONDED VISCOELASTIC THERMAL COMPRESSED WOOD Andreja Kutnar* Graduate Student Department of Wood Science and Technology Biotechnical Faculty University of Ljubljana 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia Frederick A. Kamke Professor John A. Nairn Professor Department of Wood Science

Nairn, John A.

170

Turbine-generator replacement study  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes an engineering study for the replacement of a nominal 70 Mw turbine-generator in a multi-unit utility cogeneration station. The existing plant is briefly described, alternatives considered are discussed, and the conclusions reached are presented. Key topics are the turbine steam cycle evaluation and the turbine pedestal analysis.

Miller, E.F.; Stuhrke, S.P., Shah, A.A. (Burns and Roe Enterprises, Inc., Oradell, NJ (USA))

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Stanford University Mercury Thermometer Replacement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stanford University Mercury Thermometer Replacement Program Instructions for Reuniting Separated Fluid Column of Non-Mercury Thermometer Heating Method Heat the thermometers bulb in an upright position of the thermometer. Note that over filling the expansion chamber will break the thermometer. Tap the thermometer

172

City of Wood River, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon City of Wood River, Nebraska (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Wood River Place: Nebraska...

173

RICHARDS, MARTIN C., AND CHRISTINE M. HAPPEY-WOOD. The ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

May 30, 1978 ... eutrophic lake of glacial origin, maximum depth about 30 m, that stratifies during summer (Happey-Wood 1975; Pentecost and Happey-Wood.

2000-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

174

Cluster-based find and replace  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In current text editors, the find & replace command offers only two options: replace one match at a time prompting for confirmation, or replace all matches at once without any confirmation. Both approaches are prone to errors. This paper explores a third ... Keywords: clustering, error prevention, find & replace, text editing

Robert C. Miller; Alisa M. Marshall

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Microsoft Word - CX-Murray-CusterWoodPoles_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Covington Covington SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Steve Scott Line Foreman III - TFNF-Snohomish Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement at selected locations along the Murray-Custer #1 transmission line right-of-way (ROW). PP&A Project No.: 1963 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective...are required to maintain...infrastructures...in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designed purpose. Location: The proposed project is located in Snohomish and Skagit Counties, Washington, in Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Snohomish District.

176

CEICEI--BoisBois European Confederation of Woodworking IndustriesEuropean Confederation of Woodworking Industries ValueValue--added wood productsadded wood products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Woodworking Industries ValueValue--added wood productsadded wood products markets: flooringmarkets: flooring of Woodworking Industries Wood flooring and woodWood flooring and wood--based flooringbased flooring · "Genuine" wood ­ Solid products (parquet, planks, ...) ­ Products with a "genuine" top layer · Multilayer parquet

177

Wood3 Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wood3 Resources Wood3 Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Wood3 Resources Place Houston, Texas Zip 77056-2409 Product Wood3 Resources is an energy project development firm run by former Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Chairman Pat Wood. Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

178

Wood Energy Production Credit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wood Energy Production Credit Wood Energy Production Credit Wood Energy Production Credit < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Bioenergy Maximum Rebate Credit may be claimed for a period of five years Program Info Start Date 12/30/1998 (most recent revision) State Missouri Program Type Corporate Tax Credit Rebate Amount $5 per ton of processed materials Provider Missouri Department of Natural Resources Note: No new credits are being issued, effective July 1, 2013. This entry is for informational purposes only. The Wood Energy Tax Credit, as effective January 1, 1997, allows individuals or businesses processing Missouri forestry industry residues into fuels an income tax credit of $5.00 per ton of processed material (e.g., wood pellets). A multiplier of 4 applies to charcoal, based on the

179

Alaska Wood Biomass Energy Project Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Craig Wood Fired Boiler Project is to use waste wood from local sawmilling operations to provide heat to local public buildings, in an effort to reduce the cost of operating those buildings, and put to productive use a byproduct from the wood milling process that otherwise presents an expense to local mills. The scope of the project included the acquisition of a wood boiler and the delivery systems to feed wood fuel to it, the construction of a building to house the boiler and delivery systems, and connection of the boiler facility to three buildings that will benefit from heat generated by the boiler: the Craig Aquatic Center, the Craig Elementary School, and the Craig Middle School buildings.

Jonathan Bolling

2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

180

Extraction of hemicelluloses from fiberized spruce wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A novel mechanical pre-treatment method was used to separate the wood chips into fiber bundles in order to extract high molecular weight wood polymers. The mechanical pre-treatment involved chip compression in a conical plug-screw followed by defibration in a fiberizer. The fiberized wood was treated with hot water at various combinations of time and temperature in order to analyze the extraction yield of hemicelluloses at different conditions. Nearly 6 mg/g wood of galactoglucomannan was obtained at 90 °C/120 min which was about three times more than what could be extracted from wood chips. The extracted carbohydrates had molecular weight ranging up to 60 kDa. About 10% of each of the extracted material had a molecular weight above 30 kDa. The extraction liquor could also be reused for consecutive extractions with successive increase in the extraction yield of hemicelluloses.

Shoaib Azhar; Gunnar Henriksson; Hans Theliander; Mikael E. Lindström

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The Influence of Selected Wood Characteristics and Composites Production Parameters on the Sorption Behavior of Wood Materials.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The goal of this research was to investigate the influence of selected wood characteristics and composites production parameters on the sorption behavior of wood materials.… (more)

Neimsuwan, Trairat

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Buying Vs. Raising Replacement Heifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. As in other businesses, when supplies are down and demand is steady, prices tend to rise. When cattle prices are high, producers begin to rebuild their herds by retaining ?high value? heifers or by purchasing replacements. The thinking is that with high... cattle prices, it is time to get into beef production or to increase cur- rent cow inventories. After the rebuilding phase occurs, supplies increase and prices drop. This is the beginning of the herd liquidation phase of the cattle cycle. Another...

Cleere, Jason

2006-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

183

Solvolytic liquefaction of wood under mild conditions  

SciTech Connect

Conversion of wood to liquid products requires cleavage of bonds which crosslink the wood structure. This study examines a low-severity wood solubilization process utilizing a solvent medium consisting of a small amount of sulfuric acid and a potentially wood-derivable alcohol. In one half hour of reaction time at 250/sup 0/C under 15 psia starting nitrogen pressure, over 95% of the wood (maf) was rendered acetone-soluble. The product is a soft, black, bitumen-like solid at room temperature but readily softens at 140/sup 0/C. Between 25 and 50% of the original wood oxygen, depending on alcohol used, was removed as water. Approximately 2 to 17% of the alcohols were retained in the product. Gel permeation chromatography showed that the product's median molecular weight is around 300. Based on experimental and literature results, a mechanism for wood solubilization is proposed. This involves protonation of the etheric oxygen atoms, leading to subsequent bond scission to form carbonium ions which are stabilized by solvent alkoxylation. At severe conditions, polymerization and condensation reactions result in acetone-insoluble materials.

Yu, S.M.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Heat treated wood–nylon 6 composites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Heat treatment is a relatively benign modification method that is growing as an industrial process to improve hygroscopicity, dimensional stability and biological resistance of lignocellulosic fillers. There also has been increased interest in the use of lignocellulosic fillers in numerous automotive applications. This study investigated the influence of untreated and heat treated wood fillers on the mechanical and rheological properties of wood filled nylon 6 composites for possible under-the-hood applications in the automobile industry where conditions are too severe for commodity plastics to withstand. In this study, exposure of wood to high temperatures (212 °C for 8 h) improved the thermal stability and crystallinity of wood. Heat treated pine and maple filled nylon 6 composites (at 20 wt.% loading) had higher tensile strengths among all formulations and increased tensile strength by 109% and 106% compared to neat nylon 6, respectively. Flexural modulus of elasticity (FMOE) of the neat nylon 6 was 2.34 GPa. The FMOE increased by 101% and 82% with the addition of 30 wt.% heat treated pine and 20 wt.% heat treated maple, where it reached maximum values of 4.71 GPa and 4.27 GPa, respectively. The rheological properties of the composites correlated with the crystallinity of wood fillers after the heat treatment. Wood fillers with high crystallinity after heat treatment contributed to a higher storage modulus, complex viscosity and steady shear viscosity and low loss factor in the composites. This result suggests that heat treatment substantially affects the mechanical and rheological properties of wood filled nylon 6 composites. The mechanical properties and thermogravimetric analysis indicated that the heat treated wood did not show significant thermal degradation under 250 °C, suggesting that the wood-filled nylon composites could be especially relevant in thermally challenging areas such as the manufacture of under-the-hood automobile components.

Deniz Aydemir; Alper Kiziltas; Esra Erbas Kiziltas; Douglas J. Gardner; Gokhan Gunduz

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Acidity deterioration and coke deposition in a HZSM5 zeolite in the MTG process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary The total acidity deterioration and the acidity strength distribution of a catalyst prepared from a H-ZSM-5 zeolite has been studied in the MTG process carried out in catalytic chamber and in an isothermal fixed bed integral reactor. The acidity deterioration has been related to coke deposition. The evolution of the acidic structure and of coke deposition has been analysed in situ by diffuse reflectance FTIR in a catalytic chamber. The effect of operating conditions (time on stream and temperature) on acidity deterioration, coke deposition and coke nature has been studied from experiments in a fixed integral reactor. The technique for studying acidity yields a reproducible measurement of total acidity and acidity strength distribution of the catalyst deactivated by coke. The NH3 adsorption-desorption is measured by combination of scanning differential calorimetry and the FTIR analysis of the products desorbed.

A.T. Aguayo; P.L. Benito; A.G. Gayubo; M. Olazar; J. Bilbao

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

ORIGINAL PAPER M. Grosell C.M. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORIGINAL PAPER M. Grosell á C.M. Wood Branchial versus intestinal silver toxicity and uptake Hogstrand and Wood 1998; Wood et al. 1999 for reviews), much less is known about the exact toxic mechanisms primarily through the apical Na+ channel (Bury and Wood 1999) and targets the basolateral Na/K-AT- Pase

Grosell, Martin

187

1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W Department of Entomology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-02-W Department of Entomology America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers CHINESE under the bark and in dry dead wood and complete their development in two or more years. Adults emerge campestris (Faldermann) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), an Asian wood-boring beetle recorded in North America

Ginzel, Matthew

188

ALASKAN WOOD FROGS STOCK UP ON SOLUTES TO SURVIVE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inside JEB i ALASKAN WOOD FROGS STOCK UP ON SOLUTES TO SURVIVE Outwardly, the tiny wood frog, Rana these wood frogs, which are native to Alaska, Canada and the northern USA, to unravel their secrets. Costanzo tolerance in a northern population of the wood frog. J. Exp. Biol. 216, 3461-3473. Nicola Stead THE GENETICS

Besansky, Nora J.

189

Original article A study on growth stresses, tension wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article A study on growth stresses, tension wood distribution and other related wood variations of wood structure (specific gravity and pulp yield), and the transverse mechanical resistance of wood. To investigate growth stresses, longitudinal displacements after stress release were estimated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

190

Codes of constant Lee or Euclidean weight Jay A. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Codes of constant Lee or Euclidean weight Jay A. Wood Department of Mathematics, Computer Science & Statistics Purdue University Calumet Hammond, Indiana 46323--2094 USA wood@calumet.purdue.edu http://www.calumet.purdue.edu/public/math/wood Scholarly Research Awards. #12; JAY A. WOOD 1. Linear codes as modules Throughout this extended abstract

Wood, Jay

191

1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W Department of Entomology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1Wood Borer -- WB-XX-W WB-04-W Department of Entomology America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers BLACK living trees. The wood- boring larvae cause structural damage that may make the trees susceptible). (Photo credit: Stanislaw Kinelski, Bugwood.org) #12;1-888-EXT-INFO · www.extension.purdue.edu 2Wood Borer

Ginzel, Matthew

192

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities In Latin America: A Focus on Brazil Richard Vlosky, Ph.D. Professor-Forest Products Marketing Interim Director-Louisiana Forest Products Laboratory Industry Strategic Services & Publisher: WOOD Markets Monthly newsletter WOOD Markets 2002 - The Solid Wood

193

Disposal of CCA-treated Wood: An Evaluation of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disposal of CCA-treated Wood: An Evaluation of Existing and Alternative Management Options (FINAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CCA-TREATED WOOD ASH II.1 Sample Preparation 10 II.2 Laboratory Methods 15 II.3 Laboratory Results 24 CHAPTER III, SORTING TECHNOLOGIES FOR SEPARATING TREATED WOOD FROM UNTREATED WOOD III.1

Florida, University of

194

(1) Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA(1) Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA (2) Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114 USA(2) Harvard Medical School, Boston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(1) Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA(1) Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA (2) Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114 USA(2) Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114 USA (3) Section on Auditory Mechanics, NIDCD

195

Wood and Fiber Science, 36(1), 2004, pp. 107118 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 36(1), 2004, pp. 107­118 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology FORMOSAN SUBTERRANEAN TERMITE RESISTANCE OF BORATE-MODIFIED STRANDBOARD MANUFACTURED FROM SOUTHERN WOOD, but not on termite mortality. Wood species showed no significant effect on the termite resistance. Correlations

196

Wood and Fiber Science, 36(1), 2004, pp. 1725 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 36(1), 2004, pp. 17­25 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology FUNDAMENTALS OF VERTICAL DENSITY PROFILE FORMATION IN WOOD COMPOSITES. PART III. MDF DENSITY FORMATION DURING of Wood Science and Forest Products 210 Cheatham Hall, Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA 24061-0323 and Timothy

Wang, Siqun

197

Wood and Fiber Science, 35(4), 2003, pp. 482498 2003 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 35(4), 2003, pp. 482­498 2003 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology. INTRODUCTION Strength properties of wood-based compos- ites are related to mean panel density and the density of the average panel density (Kruse et al. 2000). Modeling for the spatial structure of wood composites

198

Wood and Fiber Science, 37(2), 2005, pp. 207212 2005 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 37(2), 2005, pp. 207­212 © 2005 by the Society of Wood Science. Leichti Associate Professor and Barbara L. Gartner Professor Department of Wood Science and Engineering purposes that characterize smaller sections of wood. Moreover, theASTM standards spec- ify loading

Lachenbruch, Barbara

199

Wood and Fiber Science, 37(2), 2005, pp. 304313 2005 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 37(2), 2005, pp. 304­313 © 2005 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology EFFECTS OF PRUNING ON WOOD DENSITY AND TRACHEID LENGTH IN YOUNG DOUGLAS-FIR Barbara L. Gartner Professor Dept. of Wood Science and Engineering Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331 James M. Robbins

Lachenbruch, Barbara

200

Wood and Fiber Science, 35(3), 2003, pp. 381396 2003 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 35(3), 2003, pp. 381­396 2003 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology a feasible application of both methods in wood composite research and in a real-time quality control system wood composites widely 1 This paper (NO: 02-40-0457) is published with the approval of the Director

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Wood and Fiber Science, 36(1), 2004, pp. 7183 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 36(1), 2004, pp. 71­83 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology (Lenth and Kamke 1996). Interest in predicting the consolidation be- havior of wood strand mats has led that strand geometry affects the relative void volume in a mat. #12;72 WOOD AND FIBER SCIENCE, JANUARY 2004, V

202

Wood and Fiber Science, 37(1), 2005, pp. 95111 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood and Fiber Science, 37(1), 2005, pp. 95­111 © 2004 by the Society of Wood Science and Technology SURFACE AND INTERFACIAL CHARACTERIZATION OF WOOD-PVC COMPOSITE: IMAGING MORPHOLOGY AND WETTING wetting behavior of wood-PVC composites in this study. Two-dimensional and time-dependent profiles

203

Analysis of Composite Structure and Primordial Wood Remains in Petrified Wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Among all the fossils, petrified wood belongs to the most impressive and most common of materials. Still, its study has not exceeded the purely phenomenological level. The...

Nowak, J; Nowak, D; Chevallier, P; Lekki, J; Van Grieken, R; Kuczumow, A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Arbuthnott Wood Pellets Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Arbuthnott Wood Pellets Ltd Arbuthnott Wood Pellets Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Arbuthnott Wood Pellets Ltd Place Kincardineshire, Scotland, United Kingdom Zip AB30 1PA Product Wood pellet producer. Coordinates 56.932781°, -2.42531° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56.932781,"lon":-2.42531,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

205

Wood furnance cuts fuel bills and wastes  

SciTech Connect

The use of a wood burning furnace instead of propane to heat the Saddlecraft manufacturing plant in Cherokee, North Carolina, is described. A chart shows gallons of propane usage in winter for five years. (MHR)

Not Available

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Neutron scattering in concrete and wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Article Computational techniques Neutron scattering in concrete and wood A. Facure...library were used to simulate the neutron scattering in barriers of conventional...of the barrier thickness on neutron scattering factors is also being studied......

A. Facure; A. X. Silva; R. C. Falcăo; V. R. Crispim

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

From the Woods to the Refinery  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Breakout Session 2D—Building Market Confidence and Understanding II: Carbon Accounting and Woody Biofuels From the Woods to the Refinery Stephen S. Kelley, Principal and Department Head, Department of Forest Biomaterials, North Carolina State University

208

Conference on "Trees, Woods and Forests in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conference on "Trees, Woods and Forests in British Society" Delegates Pack Organised by the Centre............................................................................................3 1.1 Conference objectives...................................................................................................38 | Forests and Society Conference | BAO and JW | 08/04/2010 2 #12;Forests and Society 1

209

Wood-Burning Heating System Deduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This statute allows individual taxpayers a deduction for the purchase and installation of a wood-burning heating system. The deduction is equal to the total cost of purchase and installation for...

210

Logs Wood Chips Straw Corn Switchgrass  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Clean energy can come from the sun. The energy in wind can make electricity. Bioenergy comes from plants we can turn into fuel. Logs Wood Chips Straw Corn Switchgrass We can use...

211

Potassium Retention in Updraft Gasification of Wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wood gasifiers are equipment used for a controlled combustion of wood in limited supply of air as the oxidizing medium to generate a combustible product gas. ... Other oxidizing media, such as oxygen and steam, or a combination of any two media can be used in the gasification process. ... The zone where high rates of char combustion and gasification occur is about 15 mm wide above the grate, as determined in a similar-sized gasifier by Di Blasi. ...

Joseph Olwa; Marcus Öhman; Pettersson Esbjörn; Dan Boström; Mackay Okure; Björn Kjellström

2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

212

Wood Fired Steam Plants in Georgia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

suppliers. Based upon the designs submitted and subsequent negotiations, the Applied Engineering Company (APCO) in Orangeburg, South Carolina, was chosen to do the job. Applied Engineering has been working on wood gasification systems for several years...-20, 1983 company has a large manufacturing plant in Orange burg and is fully capable of fabricating large pressure vessels and heavy industrial equipment. The overall wood gasification system is shown in Figure 1. The fuel for the gasifier is green...

Bulpitt, W. S.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Phaser.MRage: automated molecular replacement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The functionality of the molecular-replacement pipeline phaser.MRage is introduced and illustrated with examples.

Bunk?czi, G.

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

214

Computation of optimal policies in replacement models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......in a given replacement cycle, and let Zk be the value of...properties, and the replacement cycles are repeated indefini- tely...Optimal replacement times--a general set-up J. Appl. Prob. 23...Proportional hazards analysis of diesel engine failure data. Quality......

V. MAKIS; A. K. S. JARDINE

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Stochastic Life-cycle Analysis of Deteriorating Infrastructure Systems and an Application to Reinforced Concrete Bridges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

proposes RTLCA, a renewal theory based LCA model, to predict the life-cycle performance of deteriorating systems taking into account not only the life-time reliability but also the costs associated with operating a system. In addition, this research...

Ramesh Kumar, 1982-

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

216

Development of pipe deterioration models for water distribution systems using EPR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of pipe deterioration models for water distribution systems using EPR L. Berardi, O diameter D, Dclass Equivalent diameter of the pipe class DSS Decision support system EPR Evolutionary polynomial regression ES Matrix of exponents of EPR input variables f, g Functions selected by user

Fernandez, Thomas

217

Short rotation Wood Crops Program  

SciTech Connect

This report synthesizes the technical progress of research projects in the Short Rotation Woody Crops Program for the year ending September 30, 1989. The primary goal of this research program, sponsored by the US Department of Energy's Biofuels and Municipal Waste Technology Division, is the development of a viable technology for producing renewable feedstocks for conversion to biofuels. One of the more significant accomplishments was the documentation that short-rotation woody crops total delivered costs could be $40/Mg or less under optimistic but attainable conditions. By taking advantage of federal subsidies such as those offered under the Conservation Reserve Program, wood energy feedstock costs could be lower. Genetic improvement studies are broadening species performance within geographic regions and under less-than-optimum site conditions. Advances in physiological research are identifying key characteristics of species productivity and response to nutrient applications. Recent developments utilizing biotechnology have achieved success in cell and tissue culture, somaclonal variation, and gene-insertion studies. Productivity gains have been realized with advanced cultural studies of spacing, coppice, and mixed-species trials. 8 figs., 20 tabs.

Wright, L.L.; Ehrenshaft, A.R.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

European Panel FederationEuropean Panel Federation viewpoint on wood energy policiesviewpoint on wood energy policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

European Panel FederationEuropean Panel Federation viewpoint on wood energy policiesviewpoint on wood energy policies Eva JanssensEva Janssens (Economic Adviser)(Economic Adviser) #12;European Panel FederationEuropean Panel Federation Members in 23 countriesMembers in 23 countries Particleboard 32.1 million

219

21-389 Technology and Environmental Deterioration in Pre-Industrial Societies Chapter 21. TECHNOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

21-389 Technology and Environmental Deterioration in Pre-Industrial Societies Chapter 21. TECHNOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL DETERIORATION IN PRE-INDUSTRIAL SOCIETIES One assumption made by most... [is... Robert Heizer 1955 More than one half [of the extent of the Roman Em- pire] is either deserted

Richerson, Peter J.

220

20 - The use of wood fibers as reinforcements in composites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: The chapter begins by discussing the major characteristics of wood in terms of structure, major chemical constituents and wood fiber production methods, which is followed by the description of major manufacturing processes for wood plastic composites (WPCs). It then reviews the effects of different variables such as the nature of wood flour (particle size, wood species, and wood flour content), filler–matrix adhesion, characteristics of polymer matrix, processing conditions, performance-enhancing additives, and foaming agents on the physical, mechanical, thermal, and durability properties of WPCs. Finally, the chapter discusses future trends in \\{WPCs\\} including new materials, novel manufacturing techniques, and emerging applications.

L.M. Matuana; N.M. Stark

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Replacing an Oversized and Underloaded Electric Motor | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacing an Oversized and Underloaded Electric Motor Replacing an Oversized and Underloaded Electric Motor This fact sheet will assist in decisions regarding replacement of...

222

Replacing Fluorescent Lightbulbs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacing Fluorescent Lightbulbs Replacing Fluorescent Lightbulbs Replacing Fluorescent Lightbulbs July 29, 2012 - 6:37pm Addthis Although fluorescent lightbulbs are generally energy efficient, you can replace them with new, even more efficient bulbs that use better electrodes and coatings than older ones. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/JoLin. Although fluorescent lightbulbs are generally energy efficient, you can replace them with new, even more efficient bulbs that use better electrodes and coatings than older ones. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/JoLin. What does this mean for me? Today's fluorescent light fixtures and bulbs are far more efficient than older ones. You can replace fluorescent bulbs and ballasts with more efficient ones to save money and energy. All fluorescent bulbs contain a very small amount of mercury:

223

Radiological assessment of BWR recirculatory pipe replacement  

SciTech Connect

Replacement of primary recirculating coolant pipe in BWRs is a major effort that has been carried out at a number of nuclear generating stations. This report reviews the planned or actual pipe replacement projects at six sites: Nine Mile Point-1, Monticello, Cooper, Peach Bottom-2, Vermont Yankee, and Browns Ferry-1. It covers the radiological issues of the pipe replacement, measures taken to reduce doses to ALARA, estimated and actual occupational doses, and lessons learned during the various replacements. The basis for the decisions to replace the pipes, the methods used for preparation and decontamination, the removal of old pipe, and the installation of the new pipe are briefly described. Methods for reducing occupational radiation dose during pipe repairs/replacements are recommended. 32 refs., 12 figs., 17 tabs.

Parkhurst, M.A.; Hadlock, D.E.; Harty, R.; Pappin, J.L.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Wood Fuel LP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuel LP Fuel LP Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Wood Fuel LP Name Wood Fuel LP Address 5900 Haynesworth Lane Place Houston, Texas Zip 77034 Sector Biomass Product Wood by-products consulting and marketing Website http://www.woodfuel.com/ Coordinates 29.6221328°, -95.1872605° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.6221328,"lon":-95.1872605,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

225

Wood and Derived Fuels | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1 1 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142288361 Varnish cache server Wood and Derived Fuels Dataset Summary Description Annual commodity balances (supply, consumption) for renewables and waste in the UK from 1998 to 2009. Published as part of the Digest of UK energy statistics (DUKES), by the UK Department of Energy & Climate Change (DECC). Waste includes: wood waste, farm waste, sewage gas, landfill gas, waste and tyres. Renewables includes: wood, plant-based biomass, geothermal and active solar heat, hydro, wind, wave and tidal, and liquid biofuels. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released July 29th, 2010 (4 years ago)

226

Microsoft Word - CX_Maupin-TyghValley_PoleReplacement_FY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, 2012 , 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Supervisory Civil Engineer - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Maupin-Tygh Valley #1 Pole Replacement Project Budget Information: Work Order #00297894 PP&A Project No.: 2196 Categorical Exclusions Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3, Routine maintenance Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Location: Project activities would take place in Wasco County, Oregon, T04S R14E S20 Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace one aged and unsound wood pole structure (structure 3/2) on the BPA Maupin-Tygh Valley #1 transmission line. The new structure would be placed in the same location and have the same appearance as the old

227

Optimal scheduling for replacing perimeter guarding unmanned ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

difference between charging batteries, automatically replacing batteries [11] or refueling with liquid fuel. The main difference is the time required before the UAV

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

228

LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps Webcast  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In this June 20, 2011 webcast on LED products marketed as replacements for linear fluorescent lamps, Jason Tuenge of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) discussed current Lighting...

229

Trim or Replace Impellers on Oversized Pumps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This tip sheet discusses the reasoning behind trimming or replacing impellers on oversized pumps and describes how it works to improve pumping system efficiency.

230

Grand Coulee Transmission Line Replacement Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grand-Coulee-Transmission-Line-Replacement-Project Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search Doing Business Expand Doing Business Customer Involvement Expand...

231

Heat transfer deterioration in tubes caused by bulk flow acceleration due to thermal and frictional influences  

SciTech Connect

Severe deterioration of forced convection heat transfer can be encountered with compressible fluids flowing through strongly heated tubes of relatively small bore as the flow accelerates and turbulence is reduced because of the fluid density falling (as the temperature rises and the pressure falls due to thermal and frictional influence). The model presented here throws new light on how the dependence of density on both temperature and pressure can affect turbulence and heat transfer and it explains why the empirical equations currently available for calculating effectiveness of forced convection heat transfer under conditions of strong non-uniformity of fluid properties sometimes fail to reproduce observed behaviour. It provides a criterion for establishing the conditions under which such deterioration of heat transfer might be encountered and enables heat transfer coefficients to be determined when such deterioration occurs. The analysis presented here is for a gaseous fluid at normal pressure subjected strong non-uniformity of fluid properties by the application of large temperature differences. Thus the model leads to equations which describe deterioration of heat transfer in terms of familiar parameters such as Mach number, Reynolds number and Prandtl number. It is applicable to thermal power plant systems such as rocket engines, gas turbines and high temperature gas-cooled nuclear reactors. However, the ideas involved apply equally well to fluids at supercritical pressure. Impairment of heat transfer under such conditions has become a matter of growing interest with the active consideration now being given to advanced water-cooled nuclear reactors designed to operate at pressures above the critical value. (authors)

Jackson, J. D. [Univ. of Manchester, Manchester (United Kingdom)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Wood-Fiber/High-Density-Polyethylene Composites: Compounding Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood-Fiber/High-Density-Polyethylene Composites: Compounding Process J. Z. Lu,1 Q. Wu,1 I. I parameters for the wood-fiber/high-density-polyethylene blends at 60 rpm were a temperature of 180°C

233

Drawing a Graph in a Hypercube David R. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drawing a Graph in a Hypercube David R. Wood #3; Departament de Matem#18;atica Aplicada II Universitat Polit#18;ecnica de Catalunya Barcelona, Spain david.wood@upc.edu Submitted: Nov 16, 2004; Accepted

Wood, David R.

234

Ring Involutions and Self-Dual Codes Jay A. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ring Involutions and Self-Dual Codes Jay A. Wood Department of Mathematics Western Michigan University jay.wood@wmich.edu AMS meeting, Lexington, Kentucky March 27, 2010 #12;Acknowledgments Much

Wood, Jay

235

RELATIVE ONE-WEIGHT LINEAR CODES JAY A. WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RELATIVE ONE-WEIGHT LINEAR CODES JAY A. WOOD In memory of Professor F. E. P. Hirzebruch, 17 October University. 1 #12;2 JAY A. WOOD G thus defines a linear functional (a "coordinate functional") on the k

Wood, Jay

236

Generalizing Halfspaces 1 Eugene Fink 2 Derick Wood 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalizing Halfspaces 1 Eugene Fink 2 Derick Wood 3 Abstract Restricted­orientation convexity, as a generalization of standard convexity [9]. Rawlins, Wood, and Schuierer studied planar O­convex sets

Fink, Eugene

237

Drawing a Graph in a Hypercube David R. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drawing a Graph in a Hypercube David R. Wood Departament de Matem`atica Aplicada II Universitat Polit`ecnica de Catalunya Barcelona, Spain david.wood@upc.edu Submitted: Nov 16, 2004; Accepted: Aug 11

Wood, David R.

238

Wood mobilization: la nuova frontiera delle politiche forestali  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

8-03-2013 1 Wood mobilization: la nuova frontiera delle politiche forestali europee CONAF settore forestale, un nuovo tema-guida: Wood Mobilization Task Force Foreste2. Green o grey? 3. Politica

Pettenella, Davide

239

XML Structure Compression Mark Levene and Peter Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

XML Structure Compression Mark Levene and Peter Wood Birkbeck College, University of London London WC1E 7HX, U.K. {m.levene,p.wood}@dcs.bbk.ac.uk Abstract XML is becoming the universal language

Levene, Mark

240

Characters and finite Frobenius rings Jay A. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characters and finite Frobenius rings Jay A. Wood Department of Mathematics Western Michigan-modules; 3. R = R as right R-modules. Due independently to Hirano, 1997, and Wood, 1999. JW (WMU) Frobenius

Wood, Jay

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A study of the molecular mechanics of wood cell walls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood is the original structural material, developed by nature to support tall plants. Every advantageous feature of wood as used in artificial structures is rooted in the plant's evolved capability to withstand the conditions ...

Adler, David, S.M. (David C.). Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Robert W. Wood: The Scientist who Played with Optics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Robert Williams Wood viewed the natural world as his playground. For him, science was a highly creative endeavor to be approached with curiosity and awe. Wood was also a scientific...

Masters, Barry R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

OpenEI - Wood and Derived Fuels  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UK Energy Statistics: UK Energy Statistics: Renewables and Waste, Commodity Balances (2010) http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/82 Annual commodity balances (supply, consumption) for renewables and waste in the UK from 1998 to 2009. Published as part of the Digest of UK energy statistics (DUKES), by the UK Department of Energy & Climate Change (DECC). Waste includes: wood waste, farm waste, sewage gas, landfill gas, waste and tyres. Renewables includes: wood, plant-based biomass, geothermal and active solar heat, hydro, wind, wave and tidal, and liquid biofuels.

License
Type of

244

International Trade of Wood Pellets (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

The production of wood pellets has increased dramatically in recent years due in large part to aggressive emissions policy in the European Union; the main markets that currently supply the European market are North America and Russia. However, current market circumstances and trade dynamics could change depending on the development of emerging markets, foreign exchange rates, and the evolution of carbon policies. This fact sheet outlines the existing and potential participants in the wood pellets market, along with historical data on production, trade, and prices.

Not Available

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

A Wood-Fired Gas Turbine Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-fired turbine, it probably seems that a wood gasification system must be involved. This is a proven and accepted method of producing gas to drive this type of power unit, but the fuel produced is a dirty fuel containing large amounts of me' ~ "'1 re, tars..., and other undesirable impurities that make it unsuitable for use as a fuel until a rather expensive cleanup process and residual waste disposal can take place. However, Aerospace Research felt that there must be a way to improve on the wood gasification...

Powell, S. H.; Hamrick, J. T.

246

Volatile constituents in a wood pyrolysis oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science VOLATILE CONSTITUTENTS IN A WOOD PYROLYSIS OIL A Thesis SHIH-CHIEN LIN Appro d as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) Head of epa tmen (Member Member Nay 1978 442936 ABSTRACT Volatile Constituents in a Wood Pyrolysis Oil.../120 Supelcoport. Other trace constituents of volatile acid were also 'dentifi="' by trap- ping the substances from the C. C. column into i: n;- 0-sh ped capillary tube and subjecting to mass spectrometry. The corrosivity of pyrolysis oil and it, volati'e acids...

Lin, Shih-Chien

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Microsoft Word - CX-Shelton-Fairmount-WoodPolesFY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4, 2012 4, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR/Olympia SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Lee Web Line Foreman III - TFOF-Olympia Proposed Action: Wood pole replacements as needed on the Shelton-Fairmount No. 1, 115-kV transmission line PP&A Project No.: 2371; Work Order # 298004 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities Location: The subject transmission line is located in Mason and Jefferson counties, Washington, in Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Olympia Maintenance District. The transmission line ROW corridors cross public and privately-owned lands that include industrial forestlands and rural residential property. Four structures requiring replacement including 43/1,

248

Deteriorated hardened cement paste structure analyzed by XPS and {sup 29}Si NMR techniques  

SciTech Connect

In this report, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and {sup 29}Si-MAS-NMR was used for the evaluation of deteriorated hardened cement pastes. The deterioration by ammonium nitrate solution was accompanied by changes in the pore structure as well as by structural changes in the C–S–H in the hardened cement paste. The CaO/SiO{sub 2} ratio of the C–S–H decreased with the progress of deterioration, there was also polymerization of the silicate in the C–S–H. It was confirmed that the degree of polymerization of silicate of the C–S–H in hardened cement paste can be determined by XPS. It was also shown that the polymerization depends on the structure of the C–S–H. -- Highlights: •The polymerization of silicate of the C–S–H in the HCP can be observed by XPS. •The structure of C–S–H changed with the degree of calcium leaching. •The NMR result about silicate in C–S–H was in good agreement with the XPS result.

Kurumisawa, Kiyofumi, E-mail: kurumi@eng.hokudai.ac.jp [Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Japan, Kita 13, Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628 (Japan)] [Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Japan, Kita 13, Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628 (Japan); Nawa, Toyoharu [Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Japan, Kita 13, Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628 (Japan)] [Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Japan, Kita 13, Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628 (Japan); Owada, Hitoshi [Radioactive Waste Management Funding and Research Center, 1-15-7 Tsukishima, Chuo-ku, Tokyo (Japan)] [Radioactive Waste Management Funding and Research Center, 1-15-7 Tsukishima, Chuo-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Shibata, Masahito [Taiheiyo Consultant Co., Ltd., 2-4-2, Ohsaku, Sakura-City, Chiba (Japan)] [Taiheiyo Consultant Co., Ltd., 2-4-2, Ohsaku, Sakura-City, Chiba (Japan)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

Deplump for Streaming Data Nicholas Bartlett Frank Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deplump for Streaming Data Nicholas Bartlett Frank Wood Department of Statistics, Columbia of discrete sequences called the sequence memoizer [Wood et al., 2009]. Gasthaus et al. showed that although was reposed on a sequence memo- izer [Wood et al., 2009] whose space complexity was linear in the length

Wood, Frank

250

Wood Products Identification by Internal Characteristics Readings C. FUENTEALBA1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Products Identification by Internal Characteristics Readings C. FUENTEALBA1 , C. SIMON2 , D.fuentealba@cran.uhp-nancy.fr 5 LERMAB - Wood Research Laboratory, Epinal, France, e-mail: daniel- proving control of production tools and reacting to their defi- ciencies. For wood industries

Boyer, Edmond

251

Wood in rivers: interactions with channel morphology and processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Editorial Wood in rivers: interactions with channel morphology and processes No doubt about it, wood complicates fluvial geo- morphology. It messes up nice tidy streams, compli- cates quantitative through the study of channels lacking a substantial load of wood debris (Leopold et al., 1964

Montgomery, David R.

252

Using Wood Quality Measures to Evaluate Second-Growth Redwood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

553 Using Wood Quality Measures to Evaluate Second-Growth Redwood Stephen L. Quarles1 and Yana stability, durability, microfibril angle, redwood, wood quality Introduction Redwood has long been a valued" or "resistant or very resistant" (Wood Handbook 1999). 1 University of California Cooperative Extension (Advisor

Standiford, Richard B.

253

Frederic Wood Compiled by Michael W. Pidgeon (1985)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frederic Wood fonds Compiled by Michael W. Pidgeon (1985) University of British Columbia Archives Description Frederic Wood fonds. ­ 1915-1973. 33 cm of textual records. 22 photographs. Biographical Sketch Born in Victoria, B.C., Frederic Gordon Campbell Wood (1887-1976) enrolled in the first class

Handy, Todd C.

254

Surface light fields for 3D photography Daniel N. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface light fields for 3D photography Daniel N. Wood A dissertation submitted in partial This is to certify that I have examined this copy of a doctoral dissertation by Daniel N. Wood and have found for 3D photography by Daniel N. Wood Chair of Supervisory Committee: Associate Professor Brian L

Washington at Seattle, University of

255

Wood Science and Nanotechnology: Overview and Our Efforts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Science and Nanotechnology: Overview and Our Efforts Siqun Wang, Ph.D. Department of Forestry. Bot. 17, 543-588 (1886). Wang UT CRC #12;Wood Structure MICROFIBRIL STRUCTURE CRYSTALLINE REGIONS wood fibers under axial tensile strain Nature 1971; 229:252-3 Page DH, EI-Hosseiny F., Winkler K. Wang

Gray, Matthew

256

Robert Wood Professor of Engineering and Applied Sciences at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robert Wood Professor of Engineering and Applied Sciences at Harvard's School of Engineering and Applied Sciences Mechanical Engineering Robert Wood is the Charles River Professor of Engineering member of the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering. Prof. Wood completed his M.S. and Ph

Lin, Xi

257

Wood ants use resin to protect themselves against pathogens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood ants use resin to protect themselves against pathogens Michel Chapuisat1,*, Anne Oppliger2. Wood ants, Formica paralugubris, commonly bring back pieces of solidified coniferous resin of larvae exposed to the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae. These results show that wood ants

Lehmann, Laurent

258

Codes of constant Lee or Euclidean weight Jay A. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Codes of constant Lee or Euclidean weight Jay A. Wood Department of Mathematics, Computer Science & Statistics Purdue University Calumet Hammond, Indiana 46323 2094 USA wood@calumet.purdue.edu http: www.calumet.purdue.edu public math wood Abstract. Carlet 2 has determined the linear codes over Z=4 of constant Lee weight

Wood, Jay

259

Wood Density and Growth Conifers Introduced to Hawaii  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Density and Growth of Some Conifers Introduced to Hawaii Roger G. Skolmen U . S . F O R E - Berkeley, California Forest Service - U. S. Department of Agriculture #12;Skolmen, Roger G. 1963. Wood Expt. Sta. 20 pp., illus. (U.S. Forest Serv. Res Paper PSW-12) The specific gravity of the wood of 14

Standiford, Richard B.

260

Relative Leaching and Aquatic Toxicity of Pressure-Treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relative Leaching and Aquatic Toxicity of Pressure-Treated Wood Products Using Batch Leaching Tests leaching tests. The wood preservatives included chromated copper arsenate (CCA), alkaline copper quaternary, copper boron azole, copper citrate, and copper dimeth- yldithiocarbamate. An unpreserved wood sample

Florida, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Modelling Traceability in the Forestry Wood Supply Chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modelling Traceability in the Forestry Wood Supply Chain Antti Sirkka University of Tampere Tieto.sirkka@uta.fi antti.sirkka@tietoenator.com Abstract--Equivalent of 5 billion of wood raw material is going to waste wood production system. The RFID-technology can achieve automatic traceability by enabling us

262

Landfill Disposal of CCA-Treated Wood with Construction and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Landfill Disposal of CCA-Treated Wood with Construction and Demolition (C&D) Debris: Arsenic phased out of many residential uses in the United States, the disposal of CCA-treated wood remains. Catastrophic events have also led to the concentrated disposal of CCA-treated wood, often in unlined landfills

Florida, University of

263

Bryan H. Wood Assistant Deputy Commandant of the Marine Corps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6-14 Bryan H. Wood Assistant Deputy Commandant of the Marine Corps for Installations & Logistics HEADQUARTERS, U. S. MARINE CORPS Mr. Bryan H. Wood is the Assistant Deputy Commandant of the Marine Corps for Installations & Logistics. Mr. Wood serves as the principal deputy and technical assistant to the Deputy

264

Measuring Interfacial Stiffness of Adhesively-Bonded Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Measuring Interfacial Stiffness of Adhesively-Bonded Wood Edward A. Le FPInnovations - Engineered Wood Products Manufacturing 2665 East Mall Vancouver, BC V6T 1W5 Canada Email: Edward.Le@FPInnovations.ca John A. Nairn Wood Science & Engineering Oregon State University Corvallis, OR 97330, USA Email: John

Nairn, John A.

265

A Chemical Stain for Identifying Arsenic-Treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Chemical Stain for Identifying Arsenic-Treated Wood (FINAL) Submitted June 23, 2006 Amy Omae-TREATED WOOD II.1 Applying Phosphate Stains to Arsenate Stains 7 II.2 A Potential Arsenic-Test Kit 14 II.3 Whole Wood Application of the Modified Stannous Chloride Stain 19 II.4 Other Attempted Stain

Florida, University of

266

Health effects assessment of exposure to particles from wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health effects assessment of exposure to particles from wood smoke Elsa Nielsen, Marianne Dybdahl HUMAN EXPOSURE TO PARTICLES FROM WOOD SMOKE 7 HUMAN HEALTH EFFECTS 8 Human non-cancer health effects from exposure to particles from wood smoke 8 Human carcinogenic effects from exposure to particles from

267

The Uses of Wood: Long Term Prospects [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...July 1975 research-article The Uses of Wood: Long Term Prospects [and Discussion...The longer term prospects for the use of wood depend upon the continued availability of suitable material and the ability of wood products to compete in cost and performance...

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Wood September 28, 2002 DEPARTMENT OF MATERIALS SCIENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood September 28, 2002 1 DEPARTMENT OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING CARNEGIE MELLON: Microstructure-Sensitive Mechanical Properties #12;Wood September 28, 2002 2 Introduction Reading will also have an opportunity to perform similar experiments on various types of wood. These will illustrate

Rollett, Anthony D.

269

SURFACE CHARACTERIZATION OF CHEMICALLY MODIFIED WOOD: DYNAMIC WETTABILITY1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SURFACE CHARACTERIZATION OF CHEMICALLY MODIFIED WOOD: DYNAMIC WETTABILITY1 John Z. Lu* Postdoctoral-3015 [a maleated polypropylene (MAPP) copolymer with a high molecular weight]-treated wood surface the dynamic wettability of wood surfaces modified with different coupling agents. Keywords: Chemical

270

Image-based characterization of cement pore structure using Wood`s metal intrusion  

SciTech Connect

Mercury intrusion porosimetry is a widely used technique for characterization of the pore size distribution of cement-based materials. However, the technique has several limitations, among which are the ink bottle effect and a cylindrical pore geometry assumption that lead to inaccurate pore size distribution curves. By substituting Wood`s metal for mercury as the intruding liquid, scanning electron microscopy and imaging techniques can be applied to the sample after intrusion. The molten Wood`s metal solidifies within the pore structure of the sample, which allows it to be sectioned and observed in the scanning electron microscopy. From here, the sample can be analyzed both qualitatively, by observing the changes in the appearance of the sample as the intrusion process progresses, and quantitatively, by applying image analysis techniques. This study provides insight for better interpretation of mercury intrusion porosimetry results and the possibility for quantitative characterization of the spatial geometry of pores in cement-based materials.

Willis, K.L.; Abell, A.B.; Lange, D.A. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering] [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Substitution of Wood from Plantation Forestry for Wood from Deforestation: Modelling the Effects on Carbon Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biomass options, for example afforestation, forest protection, use of biofuels as a substitute for fossil fuels, or use of wood instead of other materials, are frequently mentioned as possibilities to mitigate...

Bernhard Schlamadinger; Gregg Marland

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Evolution of CO2 during the fixation of chromium containing wood preservatives on wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...A titration procedure was used to confirm carbon dioxide evolution from wood treated with solutions containing chromic acid and...vs soft maple), solution concentration and reaction temperature on the rate and...

J. Porandowski; P. A. Cooper; M. Kaldas; Y. T. Ung

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Contact replacement for NMR resonance assignment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......experimental and synthetic datasets, it is robust to...edu 1 INTRODUCTION Nuclear magnetic resonance...experimental and synthetic datasets, it is robust to...edu 1 INTRODUCTION Nuclear magnetic resonance...an ensemble for a dataset, while bars indicate...replacement and nuclear vector replacement......

Fei Xiong; Gopal Pandurangan; Chris Bailey-Kellogg

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Balsa Wood Bridge Competition Sponsored by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Balsa Wood Bridge Competition Sponsored by: The University of Tennessee, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Description: The objective of this event is to design and build the lightest bridge capable of supporting a given load over a given span. The bridge must allow the passage of one Hot Wheel

Tennessee, University of

275

Wood anomalies in resonant photonic quasicrystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A theory of light diffraction from planar quasicrystalline lattice with resonant scatterers is presented. Rich structure, absent in the periodic case, is found in specular reflection spectra, and interpreted as a specific kind of Wood anomalies, characteristic for quasicrystals. The theory is applied to semiconductor quantum dots arranged in Penrose tiling.

Poddubny, A N

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Milnor-Wood inequalities for products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove Milnor-Wood inequalities for local products of manifolds. As a consequence, we establish the generalized Chern Conjecture for products $M\\times \\Sigma^k$ for any product of a manifold $M$ with a product of $k$ copies of a surface $\\Sigma$ for $k$ sufficiently large.

Bucher, Michelle

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Energie-Cits 2001 BIOMASS -WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energie-Cités 2001 BIOMASS - WOOD Gasification / Cogeneration ARMAGH United Kingdom Gasification is transferring the combustible matters in organic waste or biomass into gas and pure char by burning the fuel via it allows biomass in small-scaled engines and co-generation units ­ which with conventional technologies

278

Integrated Datasets (IDs) Wood/Bretherton proposal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated Datasets (IDs) Wood/Bretherton proposal ID Rationale Space/Time scale; Location; Platforms Parameters Combined Drizzle Dataset (CD ID) Collocated precipitation, aerosol and cloud micro, precip. rate, cloud Cross- Section Dataset (XS-ID) Data on E-W cross- section along 20°S from coast

Wood, Robert

279

Donald R. Woods, "Problem-based Learning: resources to gain the most from PBL," D.R. Woods, Waterdown, ON, ISBN 0-9698725-2-6, revised 1996  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Donald R. Woods, "Problem-based Learning: resources to gain the most from PBL," D.R. Woods resource list Resources for PBL 1: D.R. Woods, Chemical Engineering, McMaster Univ. This is a background

Thompson, Michael

280

Donald R. Woods, "Problem-based Learning: resources to gain the most from PBL," D.R. Woods, Waterdown, ON, ISBN 0-9698725-2-6, revised 1996  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Donald R. Woods, "Problem-based Learning: resources to gain the most from PBL," D.R. Woods-directed case example, A-19 A.1 Osterman feedback lecture For a description and some details see Woods (1991

Thompson, Michael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Replacement solvents for use in chemical synthesis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Replacement solvents for use in chemical synthesis include polymer-immobilized solvents having a flexible polymer backbone and a plurality of pendant groups attached onto the polymer backbone, the pendant groups comprising a flexible linking unit bound to the polymer backbone and to a terminal solvating moiety. The polymer-immobilized solvent may be dissolved in a benign medium. Replacement solvents for chemical reactions for which tetrahydrofuran or diethyl may be a solvent include substituted tetrahydrofurfuryl ethers and substituted tetrahydro-3-furan ethers. The replacement solvents may be readily recovered from the reaction train using conventional methods.

Molnar, Linda K. (Philadelphia, PA); Hatton, T. Alan (Sudbury, MA); Buchwald, Stephen L. (Newton, MA)

2001-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

282

Deterioration of fuel stored in the tropics. Final report, November 1982-October 1984  

SciTech Connect

Automotive gasoline (Mogas), Aviation turbine fuel (JP-4), and Diesel fuel oil (DF-2) were exposed for two years in 55-gallon steel drums at the USATTC Fort Clayton POL Tank Farm. The number of Mogas samples found failing the distillation, unwashed gum content, and color tests increased with increased exposure. Results were basically similar for samples exposed in both shaded and unshaded exposure modes. JP-4 samples exhibited low Reid Vapor Pressure at the end of the test. DF-2 samples did not exhibit any deterioration throughout the test.

Chen

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Organic agriculture cannot replace conventional agriculture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Organic agriculture cannot replace conventional agriculture Sina Adl , David Iron and Theodore Agriculture | Pathogen Dispersal Introduction Organic farming [1, 2] is gaining in popularity in Eu- rope, because or- ganic agriculture avoids using environmentally harmful chem- icals that pollute soil

Kolokolnikov, Theodore

284

BALBES: a molecular-replacement pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fully automated pipeline, BALBES, integrates a redesigned hierarchical database of protein structures with their domains and multimeric organization, and solves molecular-replacement problems using only input X-ray and sequence data.

Long, F.

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

285

Computation of optimal policies in replacement models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the level of metal particles in an engine oil, or a vibration monitoring...Optimal replacement times--a general set-up J. Appl. Prob. 23...Proportional hazards analysis of diesel engine failure data. Quality & Reliab......

V. MAKIS; A. K. S. JARDINE

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Building America Top Innovations 2013 Profile Â… Window Replacement, Rehabilitation, & Repair Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

such as working on scaffolding are also discussed. such as working on scaffolding are also discussed. Water infiltration is dealt with at considerable length because windows are one of the likeliest components in the building structure for water entry and because water intrusion and resultant damage may have gone on unnoticed for some time as water can enter the wall cavity through and around the window assembly. Suggestions for investigating sources of water intrusion are provided. The condition of the decorative trim around the window can be an indication of water damage but deterioration of the trim is typically an aesthetic problem not a performance problem. However, if the window sill is damaged, it should be replaced because it is the means by which water will drain out away from the house or,

287

Calorific and porosity development in carbonized wood  

SciTech Connect

Wood of four species (red oak, southern yellow pine, black cherry, and hybrid poplar) were carbonized in a flowing nitrogen atmosphere at an average heating rate of 3 degrees Centigrade/minute to selected final temperatures up to 700 degrees Centigrade. The effects of final carbonization temperature on selected properties of the char were obtained using an adiabatic oxygen bomb calorimeter to investigate heat of combustion and a mercury porosimeter to investigate total porosity, real density, apparent density, and pore size distribution. Pore characteristics of carbonized wood developed before 300 degrees Centigrade in southern yellow pine and before 400 degrees Centigrade in red oak, black cherry, and hybrid poplar. Statistical analysis established linear relationships between heat of combustion versus final carbonization temperature in the carbonization temperature ranges investigated. The results of this study will aid in understanding optimum pryrolysis conditions for the development of calorific and porosity values. (Refs. 22).

Baileys, R.T.; Blankenhorn, P.R.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Genomics of wood-degrading fungi  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Woody plants convert the energy of the sun into lignocellulosic biomass, which is an abundant substrate for bioenergy production. Fungi, especially wood decayers from the class Agaricomycetes, have evolved ways to degrade lignocellulose into its monomeric constituents, and understanding this process may facilitate the development of biofuels. Over the past decade genomics has become a powerful tool to study the Agaricomycetes. In 2004 the first sequenced genome of the white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium revealed a rich catalog of lignocellulolytic enzymes. In the decade that followed the number of genomes of Agaricomycetes grew to more than 75 and revealed a diversity of wood-decaying strategies. New technologies for high-throughput functional genomics are now needed to further study these organisms.

Robin A. Ohm; Robert Riley; Asaf Salamov; Byoungnam Min; In-Geol Choi; Igor V. Grigoriev

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Synergy Effects of Wood Flour and Fire Retardants in Flammability of Wood-plastic Composites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Addition of wood flour improve the mechanical properties of thermoplastics, on the other hand it increases the burning speed of the materials. To modify the flammability of wood-plastic composites(WPC), various fire retardants, such as ammonium polysphosphate (APP), melamine polyphosphate (MPP) and aluminum hydroxide were added to WPCs. Burning tests based on UL94 and cone calorimetry were conducted to evaluate a fire performance of \\{WPCs\\} with fire retardants. The addition of fire retardants could lead to self-extinguishing materials when 10 wt% of APP was used. However, in the case of pure polypropylene, addition of 10 wt% of APP did not improve the flammability. Wood flour accelerates the burning behavior of PP, but it can reduce the use of APP to achieve self-extinguishing materials. Synergy effects between wood flour and APP was confirmed. Wood flour facilitates the forming of foamed char layer by APP during the combustion. This protective char surface can reduce the heat and oxygen diffusion toward the WPCs. The effect of fire retardants of mechanical properties of \\{WPCs\\} was also investigated. Tensile strength and modulus of composites decreased with addition of fire retardants.

Toshikazu Umemura; Yoshihiko Arao; Sakae Nakamura; Yuta Tomita; Tatsuya Tanaka

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

A replaceable reflective film for solar concentrators  

SciTech Connect

The 3M Company manufactures a silvered acrylic film called ECP-305 that is regarded as the preferred reflective film for use on stretched-membrane heliostats. However, ECP-305 will degrade in time, due to both corrosion of the silver layer and delamination at the film's silver-to-acrylic interface, and will eventually need to be replaced. 3M uses a very aggressive adhesive on this film, and once it is laminated, replacement is very difficult. The purpose of this investigation was the development of a replaceable reflector, a reflective film that can be easily removed and replaced. A replaceable reflector was successfully configured by laminating ECP-305 to the top surface of a smooth, dimensionally stable polymer film, with a removable adhesive applied to the underside of the polymer film. Several stages of screening and testing led to the selection of a 0.010-inch thick polycarbonate (GE 8030) as the best polymer film and a medium tack tape (3M Y-9425) was selected as the best removable adhesive. To demonstrate the feasibility of the replaceable reflector concept and to provide a real-time field test, the chosen construction was successfully applied to the 50-m{sup 2} SKI heliostat at the Central Receiver Test Facility at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque. 4 refs., 13 figs., 7 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Resistance of biofilm-covered mortars to microbiologically influenced deterioration simulated by sulfuric acid exposure  

SciTech Connect

Following the reported success of biofilm applications on metal surfaces to inhibit microbiologically influenced corrosion, effectiveness and sustainability of E. coli DH5? biofilm on mortar surface to prevent microbiologically influenced concrete deterioration (MICD) are investigated. Experiments simulating microbial attack were carried out by exposing incrementally biofilm-covered mortar specimens to sulfuric acid solutions with pH ranging from 3 to 6. Results showed that calcium concentration in control reactors without biofilm was 23–47% higher than the reactors with biofilm-covered mortar. Formation of amorphous silica gel as an indication of early stages of acid attack was observed only on the control mortar specimens without biofilm. During acidification, the biofilm continued to grow and its thickness almost doubled from ? 30 ?m before acidification to ? 60 ?m after acidification. These results demonstrated that E. coli DH5? biofilm was able to provide a protective and sustainable barrier on mortar surfaces against medium to strong sulfuric acid attack. -- Highlights: •Effectiveness of E.coli DH5? biofilm to prevent MICD was studied. •Conditions that lead to MICD were simulated by chemical acidification. •Biofilm-covered mortar specimens were exposed to sulfuric acid solutions. •The presence of biofilm helped reduce the chemically-induced mortar deterioration. •Biofilm remained alive and continued to grow during the acidification process.

Soleimani, Sahar, E-mail: ssoleima@connect.carleton.ca; Isgor, O. Burkan, E-mail: burkan_isgor@carleton.ca; Ormeci, Banu, E-mail: banu_ormeci@carleton.ca

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

292

Wood and Pellet Heating Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wood and Pellet Heating Basics Wood and Pellet Heating Basics Wood and Pellet Heating Basics August 16, 2013 - 3:02pm Addthis Wood-burning and pellet fuel appliances use biomass or waste resources to heat homes or buildings. Types of Wood- and Pellet-Burning Appliances The following is a brief overview of the different types of wood and pellet fuel appliances available. High-Efficiency Fireplaces and Fireplace Inserts Designed more for show, traditional open masonry fireplaces should not be considered heating devices. Traditional fireplaces draw in as much as 300 cubic feet per minute of heated room air for combustion, then send it straight up the chimney. Fireplaces also produce significant air pollution. Although some fireplace designs seek to address these issues with dedicated air supplies, glass doors, and heat recovery systems, fireplaces are still

293

Wood elastic characterization from a single sample by resonant ultrasound spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood elastic characterization from a single sample by resonant ultrasound spectroscopy R. Longoa materials such as wood using only one sample. To do so, two complementary methods are used. First, the wood: Resonant ultrasound spectroscopy, spherical and cubic samples, wood, elastic constants 1. Introduction Wood

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

294

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Wood Products and Equipment Codes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Wood Products and Equipment Codes Louisiana contains NAICS codes and associated SIC codes for wood products and wood products equipment manufacturers, lathes, and routers to shape wood. NAICS SIC Corresponding Index Entries 321912 2426 Blanks, wood (e

295

Generation, Use, Disposal, and Management Options for CCA-Treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generation, Use, Disposal, and Management Options for CCA-Treated Wood May 1998 Helena Solo, INVENTORY OF CCA-TREATED WOOD IN FLORIDA II.1 Characteristics of the Florida Wood Treatment Industry in 1996 10 II.2 Generation and Disposal of Cca-treated Wood 14 II.3 Disposal Reservoirs for Cca-treated Wood

Florida, University of

296

New Lines of CCA-Treated Wood Research: In-Service and Disposal Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Lines of CCA-Treated Wood Research: In-Service and Disposal Issues Submitted March 19, 2001 Objectives 2 I.3 Background 4 CHAPTER II, METALS CONCENTRATIONS IN SOILS BELOW DECKS MADE OF CCA-TREATED WOOD-TREATED WOOD IN FLORIDA III.1 Introduction 34 III.2 Proportion of Treated Wood Among Treated and Untreated Wood

Florida, University of

297

LED T8 Replacement Lamps | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

T8 Replacement Lamps LED T8 Replacement Lamps This documents provides an overview of LED T8 replacement lamps and helps define a reasonable minimum performance level for the...

298

REPLACING AN OVERSIZED AND UNDERLOADED ELECTRIC MOTOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This fact sheet will assist in decisions regarding replacement of oversized and underloaded motors. It includes a discussion of how the MotorMaster software can be used to conduct motor replacement analyses. Motors rarely operate at their full-load point. Field tests of 60 motors at four industrial plants indicate that, on average, they operate at 60 % of their rated load. 1 Motors that drive supply or return air fans in heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems generally operate at 70 % to 75 % of rated load. 2 A persistent myth is that oversized motors, especially motors operating below 50 % of rated load, are not efficient and should be immediately replaced with appropriately sized energy-efficient units. In actuality, several pieces of information are required to complete an accurate assessment of energy savings. They are the load on the motor, the operating efficiency of the motor at that load point, the full-load speed (in revolutions per minute [rpm]) of the motor to be replaced, and the full-load speed of the downsized replacement motor. 3 Motor Load Estimation Techniques Operating efficiency and motor load values must be assumed or based on field measurements and

unknown authors

299

Habitat selection of the Wood Thrush nesting in east Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS. 70 Page LITERATURE CITED 72 VITA 83 ix LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 1. Kruskal-Wallis comparisons of vegetation variables at random sites and Wood Thrush nest sites 20 2. Numbers and species of trees selected as nest sites... by Wood Thrushes 24 3. Numbers (percentages) of predated, successful, and abandoned Wood Thrush nests (1993-1994) 29 4. Numbers (percentages) of Wood Thrush nests (1993-1994) by outcome and in relation to nearest type of edge habitat 30 5. Kruskal-Wallis...

Carrie, Neil Ross

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

300

Enhanced Biomass Digestion with Wood Wasp Bacteria - Energy Innovation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enhanced Biomass Digestion with Wood Wasp Bacteria Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center Contact GLBRC About This Technology Technology Marketing Summary Plant biomass represents a...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Little Valley Area (Wood,...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in this paper as "Snively Hot Springs" References Scott A. Wood (2002) Behavior Of Rare Earth Element In Geothermal Systems, A New Exploration-Exploitation Tool Additional...

302

International Trade of Wood Pellets (Brochure), Energy Analysis...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

trade to be feasible (Junginger et al. 2008). Concerns about greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have piqued interest in the use of wood pellets as an alternative to fossil...

303

SORPTION OF PAHS AND COPPER (II) BY ASPEN WOOD FIBERS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The sorption and desorption of phenanthrene and pyrene on treated and untreated aspen wood fibers were studied to evaluate the sorption mechanisms of polycyclic aromatic… (more)

huang, liyuan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Wood biofilm as a food resource for stream detritivores  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: Published assimilation efficiencies indicate that leaf detritus is a more nutritious food for stream invertebrates than wood. Some studies, however

305

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Vehicle Replacement Grants

306

Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

replaces precious metals Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst Cobalt holds promise as an industrial catalyst with potential applications in such...

307

Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Replaces Precious Metals Cobalt discovery replaces precious metals as industrial catalyst Cobalt holds promise as an industrial catalyst with potential applications in such...

308

Magnesium Replacement of Aluminum Cast Components in a Production...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Magnesium Replacement of Aluminum Cast Components in a Production V6 Engine to Effect Cost-Effective Mass Reduction Magnesium Replacement of Aluminum Cast Components in a...

309

Effects of an Accelerated Diesel Engine Replacement/Retrofit Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No. 894 Effects of an Accelerated Diesel Engine Replacement/2009 Effects of an Accelerated Diesel Engine Replacement/reductions occurring on an accelerated schedule compared to

Millstein, Dev E.; Harley, Robert A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Rock deterioration in the Royal Tomb of Seti I, Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Egypt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comparison of present tomb conditions of the Royal Tomb of Seti I in the Valley of the Kings with Burton's photographs (1921–1928) reveals that the rock structure and tomb decoration have undergone severe deterioration. In fact, several other Royal Tombs in the Valley of the Kings have shown similar decay features. Most of the Royal Tombs in the Valley of the Kings and the West Valley were excavated into the marls of the middle and lower part of Member I, the lowermost unit of the Thebes Formation. However, several tombs penetrate into the underlying interbedded shales and marls of the Esna Formation. All of them show severe, irreversible rock structure deterioration originating from swelling and shrinkage. Since the burial of Seti I, 3300 years ago, water and debris from flash floods had minor impacts on wall decoration of the uppermost chambers and on wall structure in the lower chambers. Historic flooding since the discovery of the tomb has caused major destruction of walls and pillars by repeated swelling and shrinkage of the shale. Moreover, accelerated humidity changes over the past 70 years have contributed to increasing deterioration of the rock structure. Rock mechanic analyses were done on samples from the tomb of Seti I in order to understand the propelling mechanism of deterioration. Marls and limestones of the Thebes Formation are predominantly composed of calcite, with 10–40% clay minerals and minor amounts of quartz and anhydrite. Sepiolite and palygorskite are the dominant clay minerals in the Thebes Formation, with subordinate amounts of kaolinite and illite/smectite mixed layers. The shales of the Esna Formation contain more than 70% clay minerals, which are composed of illite/smectite mixed layers, with high swelling capacity, kaolinite and subordinate palygorskite and sepiolite. The marls of the lower Thebes Formation showed dry compressive strength values between 48 MPa (7000 psi) and 78 MPa (11 300 psi) before violent failure, with a maximum elastic deformation of 0.4–0.5%. The Esna Shale samples had maximum stress loads of 60 MPa (8500 psi) and 74 MPa (10 800 psi) with a maximum deformation of more than 2%. The deformation character changed with increasing pressure from an elastic to an inelastic mode. Long-term swell tests on Esna Shale samples revealed an enormous water absorption and swelling capacity. Swell heaving is between 50 and 80%, most of which takes place within the first hour. The swell pressure exceeds 5 MPa (700 psi) and 13 MPa (1900 psi) with a deformation of 1.5 and 3.3%, respectively. The swell pressure increases to its maximum over a period of 7–12 days. The rock tests showed that the swell pressure capacity of the Esna shales might exceed the strength of the brittle and highly jointed marls of Member I, into which most of the tombs are hewn. The swell and water intake tests demonstrated that water absorption of the Esna shales is immediate. Mineralogical analyses showed that mixed-layer clay minerals are able to release enormous pressure, which may be ‘compensated’ through ductile deformation by the shales or may result in brittle failure of the marls.

Raphael A.J. Wüst; James McLane

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Seismic reliability analysis of reinforced concrete framed buildings deteriorated by chloride ingress  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main purpose of this study is to propose an evaluation method that can be used for analysing the time-dependent seismic reliability of reinforced concrete (RC) buildings located in a corrosive environment with high seismic hazard. In this study, several models have been developed to investigate the deterioration induced by chloride ingress in order to estimate the initiation stage and rate of corrosion and to analyse the structural capacity of columns and beams with corroded reinforcing bars; then, the seismic evaluation for RC framed buildings was used for calculating the story shear capacity of each floor in a building. In addition, the hazard curve of the story shear demand for each floor obtained from the seismic hazard analysis was adopted; consequently, a Monte Carlo simulation was carried out for estimating the annual failure probability and seismic reliability index of the concerned building; in other words, a time-dependent seismic reliability function could be built.

Chien-Kuo Chiu; Wen-Yu Jean

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Stacy Wood's Personal Biography Dr. Wood's research focuses on how consumers respond and adapt to change or innovation. This applies both to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stacy Wood's Personal Biography Dr. Wood's research focuses on how consumers respond and adapt, Journal of Marketing, Journal of Consumer Psychology, and Journal of Retailing. Dr. Wood joined the NC Undergraduate Teaching Award, the University of South Carolina's top undergraduate teaching honor. Dr. Wood

Reif, John H.

313

Life in the woods : production and consumption of the urban forest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of wood is fraught with paradox. Wood as a building material is embraced for its naturalness, while the cutting of trees is indicted as a destruction of nature. Wood is lauded for its structural properties and ...

Volicer, Nadine (Nadine M.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

The use of a permanent magnet for water content measurements of wood chips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diagram of a Wood Chip Moisture Content Measurement DeviceMeasurement of Moisture Content in Wood Chips Using NMR andWood chip water-content tests were done over a broad range of moisture contents

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Decreasing the leachibility of boron wood preservatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Recommendation for Further Research. 64 66 LITERATURE CITED. 68 APPENDIX A APPENDIX B 104 VITA. 147 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 World boron sources. 2 World boron production 75 76 Boric acid retention in conditioned southern pine wood samples 77...-block test on soil from forested area ? test fungus Lenti nus 1epi deus. 93 20 Weight loss for boric acid+PEG-600 treated blocks put through soil-block test on soil from agricultural area ? test fungus Pari a montico1a FIGURE Page 21 Weight loss...

Gezer, Engin Derya

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

316

Calorimetric analysis of fungal degraded wood  

SciTech Connect

Endothermic transition and gross heat of combustion of aspenwood subjected to degradation by Lenzites trabea and Polyporus versicolor were determined by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and an adiabatic O bomb. Endothermic peak areas of undegraded and fungi-degraded wood differed from each other at all levels of weight loss. The regression analysis of the DSC data vs. weight loss revealed a significant relations, although not highly correlated, for P. versicolor-degraded specimens and a nonsignificant relation for L. trabea-degraded specimens; weight loss and gross heat of combustion values of degraded specimens were significantly correlated.

Blankenhorn, P.R.; Baldwin, R.C.; Merrill, W. Jr.; Ottone, S.P.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Potential of enzymes for wood debarking  

SciTech Connect

The effect of enzymatic pretreatment on the energy consumption of wood debarking was studied on the laboratory scale using enzymes to degrade the cambial layer. The energy consumed in debarking spruce was decreased as much as 80% after pretreatment with pectinolytic enzymes. In addition to polygalacturonase activity, pectin lyase and xylanase activities were also present in the most efficient enzyme preparation. Due to the complex composition of the cambium and inner phloem, these and other enzymes that hydrolyze the various inner bark components are probably needed for efficient debarking.

Raettoe, M.; Kantelinen, A.; Bailey, M.; Viikari, L. (VTT Biotechnical Lab., Espoo (Finland))

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Microsoft Word - CX-PascoDistrictPoleReplacement_FY13_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR/Pasco SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Greg Wilfong Lineman Foreman III - TFPF-PASCO Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement and minor access road maintenance along the Franklin-Badger Canyon #2 and Walla Walla-Pendleton #1 transmission line rights-of-way in the Pasco District. PP&A Project No.: 2655 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities Location: Franklin-Badger Canyon #2 and Walla Walla-Pendleton #1 transmission lines located within the Pasco District. See table below for structure locations on the corresponding transmission lines: Transmission Line/ROW Structure # Township Range Section County, State Franklin-Badger Canyon

319

Microsoft Word - CX-WenatcheeDistrictPoleReplacementFY13_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2, 2013 2, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR/Pasco SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Joseph Lauer Lineman Foreman III - TFWF-SCHULTZ Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement and minor access road maintenance along various transmission line right-of-ways in Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Wenatchee District. The following lines will have pole change-outs in 2013: Grandview-Red Mountain #1 and Columbia-Valhalla #2. PP&A Project No.: 2604 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities. Location: Various transmission lines located within the Wenatchee District. See Project Location Attachment for structure locations and corresponding transmission lines.

320

The Ringhals 2 steam generator replacement  

SciTech Connect

Righals 2, located on the west coast of Sweden and operated by Vattenfall (Swedish State Power), is a Westinghouse 800-MW three-loop pressurized water reactor that started commercial operation in 1975. In 1983, a task force was assigned to make a study of the steam generator (SG) tube corrosion problems, mainly stress corrosion cracking in the tubesheet area, which caused between two and three unscheduled outages each year. The task force study concluded that replacement was clearly the best of the three alternatives considered. Late in 1984, a decision was made to replace the SG in the summer of 1989. It was also decided to take advantage of existing margins in the plant by increasing the heat transfer area of the new SG. A power increase of 9% would then be possible by fairly moderate modifications of the turbine plant. The SG replacement project was on time, below budget, and much below dose budget. As a consequence of the 9% uprating, the cost of the SG replacement will be recovered after 3 to 4 yr.

Looft, H.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

REPLACE YOUR MERCURY THERMOMETERS BEFORE THEY BREAK!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REPLACE YOUR MERCURY THERMOMETERS BEFORE THEY BREAK! Did you know, mercury from broken thermometers to the local environment, if broken thermometers in sinks eventually end at the sanitary sewer plant. Broken mercury thermometers create hazardous waste that is costly to clean up and costly to dispose of. Other

322

Chemical modification of simul wood with styrene–acrylonitrile copolymer and organically modified nanoclay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simul wood (Salmalia malabarica...) was chemically modified by treatment with styrene–acrylonitrile copolymer (SAN), glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), and organically modified nanoclay. The physical properties of wood...

R. R. Devi; T. K. Maji

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

How Wood Chip Size Affects Pretreatment Effectiveness of Woody Biomass for Biological Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of wood: effect of chip size, acid, moisture content andis the wood chip width, M is the moisture content (%), G is

Tam, Jerry

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Identification of Wood Species by Acoustic-Resonance Spectrometry Using Multivariate Subpopulation Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The identification of wood species remains an issue in restoration involving rare, old, or disguised wood parts. Precise restoration is required in reconditioning the works of...

Mills, Timothy P; Jones, Angela; Lodder, Robert A

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

An Additive Resin Reaction Product, a Method of Treating a Wood...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Additive Resin Reaction Product, a Method of Treating a Wood Product, and a Wood Product Idaho National Laboratory Contact INL About This Technology Technology Marketing Summary...

326

SECO - Dow Corning's Wood Fueled Industrial Cogeneration Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1979, Dow Corning Corporation decided to build a wood fueled steam and electric cogeneration (SECO) power plant at Midland, Michigan. This decision was prompted by the high cost of oil and natural gas, an abundant supply of wood in mid Michigan...

Betts, W. D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trends and Market Effects of Wood Energy Policies Bengt Hillring SLU SWEDEN http is the main international energy source · Climate change ­ Energy production ­ CO2 · European Union different the plans to increase #12;#12;Energy Sector Waste Sector Recovered Wood Sawdust Logging Residues Forest

328

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities Richard Vlosky, Ph.D. Professor-Forest Products Marketing Interim Director-Louisiana Forest Products Laboratory School of Renewable Natural, R.E. Taylor & Associates Ltd. Forest Industry Strategic Services & Publisher: WOOD Markets Monthly

329

Fibre Based Modeling of Wood Dynamics and Fracture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fibre Based Modeling of Wood Dynamics and Fracture by Sean Meiji Sutherland B.Sc., The University for the simulation of the dynamics and fracturing char- acteristics of wood, specifically its anisotropic behaviour bundles of fibres. Additionally, we describe the conditions under which fracture occurs in the material

Bridson, Robert

330

Through-thickness ultrasonic characterization of wood and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the form of bark, wood chips, sawdust, cotton gin trash, rice hulls, and sugar ba- gasse (Kleit et al. 1994. It was found that the equilibrium moisture content (EMC) was positively related to particulate sizeThrough-thickness ultrasonic characterization of wood and agricultural fiber composites Ronnie Y

331

Modeling and Rendering Physically-Based Wood Combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rendering of wood combustion has received some attention recently, but prior work has not incorporated effects of internal wood properties such as density variation (i.e. "grain") and pre-combustion processes such as drying. In this paper we present ...

Roderick M. Riensche; Robert R. Lewis

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Effect of Thermoplastic Binder on Flow Deformation Behavior of Wood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A processing technique was recently developed to realize plastic deformation in wood impregnated with a thermoset binder. This paper proposes a new flow forming technique where a thermoplastic binder is used instead of a thermoset binder with the expectation that the formability and recyclability of the products will be improved. To clarify the effect of the thermoplastic binder on the flow deformation behavior of wood, capillary fluidity tests were performed using impregnated wood with various contents of thermoplastic binder (polymer). The extrusion load of the impregnated wood through the capillary decreased with an increase of the polymer content in the wood. Results of the second fluidity test using the first extruded material reveals that the recycled impregnated wood can flow again. The extrusion load of the second extrusion was equal to or lower than the first. These results indicate that the recyclability of the wood impregnated with a thermoplastic binder is highly promising. The internal configuration of the impregnated wood during extrusion was also dependent on the polymer content.

Masako Seki; Tsunehisa Miki; Soichi Tanaka; Ichinori Shigematsu; Kozo Kanayama

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Silviculture: growing more wood on less land  

SciTech Connect

Maximizing the production of a concentrated, homogeneous wood supply virtually dictates intensively managed plantations. This management system implies: (1) improving the composite genotype of plantation trees; (2) optimizing their morphological and physiological condition prior to and at planting time; (3) improving the physiological environment of the crop at all stages of development; (4) protecting the plantation from pests and catastrophic events; and (5) modifying the shapes, dimensions, and qualities of crop trees to enhance the utility and value of harvested timber. Beneficiation of forest residuals for fiber and fuel is pushing forest industry relentlessly toward total stand utilization. Relative to the productivity of undisturbed or partially logged humid tropical forests, plantation growth rates represent four-fold to ten-fold increases in volume production. Displacement of some proportion of shifting agriculture and natural forest management systems by intensively managed plantations is desirable and biologically feasible. A key to successful tropical forest management and preservation is population stability, a condition toward which integrated wood conversion facilities supplied by a reliable plantation system can make a major contribution. There are some pressing and many esoteric reasons for conserving forest resources but pressures for utilizing and renewing these resources are immediate and unavoidable.

Gladstone, W.T.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Microsoft Word - CX-AlveyDistrict_2011WoodPoles_No1957_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0, 2011 0, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-Alvey SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Nick Wenzl John Carter Line Foreman III-TFE-Alvey Line Foreman I-TFE-Alvey Proposed Action: Wood pole replacements and minor access road maintenance along portions of the Eugene-Lane #1, Eugene-Alvey #2, and Hawkins-Alvey #1 transmission line rights-of- way (ROW) PP&A Project No: 1957 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights of way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective....are required to maintain...infrastructures...in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designated purpose. Location: The project area is located in Lane County, Oregon, in Bonneville Power

335

Microsoft Word - CX-Brasada-Harney-WoodPoles_FY13_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2, 2013 2, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Brasada-Harney No. 1 Wood Pole Replacement Project PP&A Project No.: 2187 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance Location: Brasada-Harney No. 1 transmission line in Deschutes and Harney counties, Oregon, at the following locations: Mile Structure Landowner Township Range Section 23 8 Private 19 16 22 26 6 BLM 19 17 30 28 1 BLM 19 17 32 29 2 Private 19 17 4 29 5 Private 19 17 4 29 7 BLM 19 17 4 30 8 Private 19 17 10 31 5 BLM 19 17 11 46 5 DSL 21 19 13 49 8 BLM 21 20 21

336

Microsoft Word - CX-ForestGrove-McMinnvilleWoodPolesFY12_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 2012 5, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-Alvey SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum James Semrau Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Forest Grove-McMinnville #1 Wood Pole Replacement Projects PP&A Project No.: 2326 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Location: The project is located in Washington and Yamhill counties, Oregon, in BPA's Salem District. Structure locations are as follows: Structure Legal Description County, State 2\5 1S, 3W, Sec. 6 Washington, OR 3\3 1S, 3W, Sec. 7 Washington, OR 3\6, 4\3 1S. 4W, Sec. 12 Washington, OR 4\8, 4\9, 5\3 1S, 4W, Sec. 14 Washington, OR 6\2, 6\5 1S, 4W, Sec. 23 Washington, OR

337

Microsoft Word - CX-Cardwell-Cowlitz2011WoodPoles_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Erich Orth Project Manager - TEP-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Replacement of all aging wood pole transmission line support structures along the Cardwell-Cowlitz No. 1, 115-kilovolt (kV) transmission line Budget Information: Work Order #00279267 PP&A Project No.: 2021 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities... for...rights of way, infrastructures (e.g.. structures)... routine maintenance activities, corrective...are required to maintain and preserve infrastructures...in a condition suitable for the facility to be used for its designated purpose. Location: The project area is located along Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA)

338

Microsoft Word - CX-NBendFY11WoodPolesWEND-TAHK_TAHK-RDSPT_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-Alvey SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Andy Crosby Todd Stringer Line Foreman III - TFEP-North Bend Line Foreman I - TFEP-North Bend Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement and minor access road maintenance along the Wendson-Tahkenitch #1 and the Tahkenitch-Reedsport #1 transmission line rights-of-way. PP&A Project No: 1960 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective....are required to maintain...infrastructures...in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designated purpose. Location: The project area is located in Lane and Coos counties, Oregon, in Bonneville Power

339

Microsoft Word - CX-GrandCoulee-ChiefJoseph_ARandWood Poles_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-Bell-1 SUBJECT: Environmental Cleareance Memorandum Todd Wehner Road Engineer - TELF-TPP-3 Robert Keudell Line Foreman III - TFWK-Grand Coulee Robert Zellar Line Foreman I - TFWK-Grand Coulee Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement, equipment landing construction and access road construction/maintenance along portions of the Grand Coulee-Chief Joseph #1 and #2 230-kV transmission line rights-of-way. PP&A Project No: 1777 Work Order No.: 275582 and 275583 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021):  B1.13 Construction, acquisition, and relocation of onsite pathways and short onsite access roads and railroads.  B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such

340

Microsoft Word - CX-Chehalis-CentraliaNo2WoodPolesFY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0, 2012 0, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR/Olympia SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Ryan Brady Line Foreman III - TFOK-Chehalis Proposed Action: Wood pole structure replacements on the Chehalis-Centralia No. 2 115-kV transmission line PP&A Project No.: 2372, WO# 298136 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities... Location: The subject transmission line is located in Lewis County, Washington, in Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Olympia Maintenance District. The transmission line ROW corridors cross public and privately-owned lands that are mostly rural residential property. No U.S. Forest service or tribal lands are within the project boundaries.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Microsoft Word - CX-CentraliaTap_Chehalis-Covington_TransAlta_WoodPoles_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2011 6, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Chad Caldwell Customer Service Engineer - TPC-Olympia Proposed Action: Replace aging wood poles on Trans Alta's Centralia Tap to Chehalis- Covington No. 1 230-kV transmission line. Budget Information: As per agreement with Trans Alta PP&A Project No.: N/A Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities... for...rights-of-way, infrastructures (e.g.. roads)... routine maintenance activities, corrective...are required to maintain and preserve infrastructures...in a condition suitable for the facility to be used for its designated purpose. Location: The project is located on Trans Alta's Centralia Tap to Chehalis-Covington No. 1

342

Microsoft Word - CX-BadgerCanyon-RichlandNo1_WoodPoles_FY13.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, 2013 7, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR/Pasco SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Walker Miller Electrical Engineer - TPCF-W RICHLAND Proposed Action: Wood pole replacements on the Badger Canyon-Richland #1 transmission line PP&A Project No.: 2670 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities. Location: City of Richland, Benton County, WA Transmission Line/ROW Structure # Township Range Section County, State Badger Canyon-Richland #1 4/9 and 4/10 9N 28E 26 Benton, WA Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA, at the expense of the City of Richland, proposes to raise structures 4/9 and 4/10 of the Badger Canyon-Richland #1 115-kilovolt transmission line to

343

Microsoft Word - CX-Big Eddy-Redmond-WoodPolesFY13_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4, 2013 4, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Richard Heredia Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Big Eddy-Redmond No. 1 Wood Pole Replacement Project PP&A Project No.: 2500 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance Location: Big Eddy-Redmond No. 1 transmission line in Deschutes County, Oregon, at the following locations: Mile Structure Township Range Section 35 6 5 14 24 36 6 5 14 25 36 7 5 14 25 36 8 5 14 25 37 6 5 14 36 40 9 6 15 18 43 2 6 15 29 48 4 7 1 21 49 1 7 1 21 50 6 7 15 33 51 8 8 15 5 52 8 8 15 8 53 3 8 15 8 54 2 8 15 17 56 1 8 1 30 58 2 9 14 1

344

Microsoft Word - CX-RedmondWoodPoles_multiSub_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

15, 2011 15, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-Celilo SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Darrell Aaby Line Foreman III - TFDF-Redmond Proposed Action: Wood pole replacement at selected locations along the La Pine - Chiloquin and Brasada - Harney No. 1 transmission line right-of-ways. PP&A Project No.: 1930 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective...are required to maintain...infrastructures...in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designed purpose. Location: The proposed project is located in Klamath, Deschutes, and Harney counties,

345

NREL: News Feature - Wood-Boring Gribbles Intrigue Researchers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wood-Boring Gribbles Intrigue Researchers Wood-Boring Gribbles Intrigue Researchers July 24, 2013 This is a light-enhanced close-up of a tiny crustacean's head and torso, with what looks like fluorescent-blue antennae. Three of its legs are showing. Enlarge image A gribble is a tiny wood borer that produces its own enzyme that can devastate wood efficiently. Researchers hope that by studying gribbles they can learn ways to improve the process of turning biomass into liquid fuels. Courtesy Laura Michie, University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom Tiny wood borers known colloquially as gribbles make their own enzymes and use them to eat through docks in harbor towns, earning enmity from fishermen all around the world. Now, researchers from the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and elsewhere are exploring whether that curse can be

346

Biomass plants face wood supply risks Report warns giant new biomass power plants will be hugely reliant on wood chip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass plants face wood supply risks Report warns giant new biomass power plants will be hugely's biomass energy sector could be undermined unless businesses move to resolve the supply chain issues-scale biomass plants will leave generators largely reliant on biomass from overseas such as wood chips, elephant

347

Adaptation of an Electrochemistry-based Li-Ion Battery Model to Account for Deterioration Observed Under Randomized Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adaptation of an Electrochemistry-based Li-Ion Battery Model to Account for Deterioration Observed). In this paper, we use an electrochemistry-based lithium ion (Li-ion) battery model developed in (Daigle, Moffett Field, CA 94035 matthew.j.daigle@nasa.gov ABSTRACT Tracking the variation in battery dynamics

Daigle, Matthew

348

Multipass comminution process to produce precision wood particles of uniform size and shape with disrupted grain structure from wood chips  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process of comminution of wood chips (C) having a grain direction to produce a mixture of wood particles (P), wherein the wood chips are characterized by an average length dimension (L.sub.C) as measured substantially parallel to the grain, an average width dimension (W.sub.C) as measured normal to L.sub.C and aligned cross grain, and an average height dimension (H.sub.C) as measured normal to W.sub.C and L.sub.C, and wherein the comminution process comprises the step of feeding the wood chips in a direction of travel substantially randomly to the grain direction one or more times through a counter rotating pair of intermeshing arrays of cutting discs (D) arrayed axially perpendicular to the direction of wood chip travel.

Dooley, James H; Lanning, David N

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

349

Improving the quality of deteriorated recycle solvents. Quarterly report, August 1982-November 1982  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this work is to identify reasons for solvent degeneration and to determine a feasible mechanism whereby coal-liquefaction processes can be modified to inhibit solvent degradation during the liquefaction process. In this work, the response in product distribution (or oil yield) to different pre-treatment methods was investigated. In related past works, solvent quality was based solely on the amount of standard coal conversion. In this work, solvent quality was also determined with the use of a standard product separation procedure. A brief discussion of related past works is followed up by a discussion of current work in the area of upgrading deteriorated recycle solvents. The effect of solvent pre-treatment on quality during thermal (non-catalytic) and catalytic liquefaction of coal was examined, and a comparison was made. In addition, the effect of the presence of typical compounds found in coal liquids (e.g. pyrene), during solvent pre-treatment, on solvent quality was also investigated. 2 references, 3 figures, 5 tables.

Tarrer, A.R.; Guin, J.A.; Curtis, C.W.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Photochemical deterioration of the organic/metal contacts in organic optoelectronic devices  

SciTech Connect

We study the effect of exposure to light on a wide range of organic/metal contacts that are commonly used in organic optoelectronic devices and found that irradiation by light in the visible and UV range results in a gradual deterioration in their electrical properties. This photo-induced contact degradation reduces both charge injection (i.e., from the metal to the organic layer) and charge extraction (i.e., from the organic layer to the metal). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements reveal detectable changes in the interface characteristics after irradiation, indicating that the photo-degradation is chemical in nature. Changes in XPS characteristics after irradiation suggests a possible reduction in bonds associated with organic-metal complexes. Measurements of interfacial adhesion strength using the four-point flexure technique reveal a decrease in organic/metal adhesion in irradiated samples, consistent with a decrease in metal-organic bond density. The results shed the light on a new material degradation mechanism that appears to have a wide presence in organic/metal interfaces in general, and which likely plays a key role in limiting the stability of various organic optoelectronic devices such as organic light emitting devices, organic solar cells, and organic photo-detectors.

Wang Qi; Williams, Graeme; Aziz, Hany [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Tsui Ting [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

An economical and market analysis of Canadian wood pellets.  

SciTech Connect

This study systematically examined the current and future wood pellet market, estimated the cost of Canadian torrefied pellets, and compared the torrefied pellets with the conventional pellets based on literature and industrial data. The results showed that the wood pellet industry has been gaining significant momentum due to the European bioenergy incentives and the rising oil and natural gas prices. With the new bioenergy incentives in USA, the future pellets market may shift to North America, and Canada can potentially become the largest pellet production centre, supported by the abundant wood residues and mountain pine beetle (MPB) infested trees.

Peng, J. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Wood plastic composites based on microfibrillar blends of high density polyethylene/poly(ethylene terephthalate)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood plastic composites based on microfibrillar blends of high density polyethylene January 2010 Keywords: Wood plastic composites Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Polyethylene Extrusion a b into wood plastic composites through a two-step reactive extrusion technology. Wood flour was added into pre

353

Chung-Jui Tsai Gains Recognition from International Academy of Wood Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chung-Jui Tsai Gains Recognition from International Academy of Wood Science Department of Genetics at the University of Georgia, was recently named an International Academy of Wood Science Fellow, joining an elite-profit assembly of wood scientists, recognizes fellows in wood science research who exemplify the active

Arnold, Jonathan

354

SECTION 50 Table of Contents 50 Lake Rufus Woods Management Plan .........................................................2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

50-1 SECTION 50 ­ Table of Contents 50 Lake Rufus Woods Management Plan .........................................................2 50.1 Summary of Lake Rufus Woods Assessment and Limiting Factors ...........................2 50 .........................................................................28 #12;50-2 50 Lake Rufus Woods Management Plan The Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Management Plan

355

Society of Wood Science and Technology State-of-the-Art Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Society of Wood Science and Technology State-of-the-Art Review CHEMICAL COUPLING IN WOOD FIBER) ABSTRACT Coupling agents in wood fiber and polymer composites (WFPC) play a very important role in improving the compatibility and adhesion between polar wood fibers and non-polar polymeric matri- ces

356

Author's personal copy Evaluation of methods for sorting CCA-treated wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Author's personal copy Evaluation of methods for sorting CCA-treated wood Gary Jacobi a , Helena September 2006 Available online 2 January 2007 Abstract Construction and demolition (C&D) wood frequently contains treated wood including wood treated with chromated copper arsenate (CCA). Many recycling options

Florida, University of

357

Metals Concentrations in Soils Below Decks Made of CCA-Treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metals Concentrations in Soils Below Decks Made of CCA-Treated Wood This report is an excerpt from the report titled: New Lines of CCA-Treated Wood Research, In-Service and Disposal Issues Which was finalized. Average AWPA American Wood Preservers Association AWPI American Wood Preservers' Institute BDL Below

Florida, University of

358

Laboratory Reports for the Development of a Chemical Stain to Identify Arsenic-Treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Treated Wood #12;A-2 Testing Shredded Wood Samples DATES OF EXPERIMENT: June 4, 2004 to June 7, 2004 PURPOSE This experiment was performed to determine the possibility of testing shredded wood samples for arsenic molybdate and stannous chloride reagents before adding it to the wood. ADDITIONAL REAGENTS · Combined

Florida, University of

359

Vietnam's Timber Market Attains Position as World's Fourth Largest Hardwood Chip Exporter, Reports Wood Resource Quarterly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Resource Quarterly Chip mills running at a reduced rate due to a lack of logs For Immediate of plantation Eucalyptus and Acacia wood chips to the pulp industry in both Japan and China. The country has exporter, reports the Wood Resource Quarterly. Vietnam has become a major exporter of wood chips in a short

360

Copyright (to be inserted by Humphrey) Thermal and Dynamic-mechanical Properties of Wood-PVC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Citation & Copyright (to be inserted by Humphrey) Thermal and Dynamic-mechanical Properties of Wood properties, maleation, thermal analysis, wood veneer, wood-PVC composites ABSTRACT The influence of maleation on thermal and dynamic-mechanical properties of wood-PVC composites was investigated in this study

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Microsoft Word - B-8.Replacement-3.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Rate Schedule Replacement-3 Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives ( any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Kentucky and southern Illinois to whom power is provided pursuant to contracts between the Government and the customer from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, Cordell Hull, and Laurel Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") . Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale of wholesale energy purchased to

362

Stanford - Woods Institute for the Environment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stanford - Woods Institute for the Environment Stanford - Woods Institute for the Environment Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Stanford- Woods Institute for the Environment Name Stanford- Woods Institute for the Environment Address 473 Via Ortega Place Stanford, California Zip 94305 Region Bay Area Coordinates 37.427774°, -122.175672° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.427774,"lon":-122.175672,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

363

Residential Wood Heating Fuel Exemption (New York) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wood Heating Fuel Exemption (New York) Wood Heating Fuel Exemption (New York) Residential Wood Heating Fuel Exemption (New York) < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Maximum Rebate None Program Info State New York Program Type Sales Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% exemption Provider New York State Department of Taxation and Finance New York exempts retail sales of wood used for residential heating purposes from the state sales tax. The law also permits local governments (municipalities and counties) to grant an exemption from local sales taxes. If a city with a population of 1 million or more chooses to grant the local exemption, it must enact a specific resolution that appears in the state law. Local sales tax rates in New York range from 1.5% to more than 4% in

364

Contribution of organic carbon to wood smoke particulate matter absorption  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contribution of organic carbon to wood smoke particulate matter absorption Contribution of organic carbon to wood smoke particulate matter absorption of solar radiation Title Contribution of organic carbon to wood smoke particulate matter absorption of solar radiation Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Kirchstetter, Thomas W., and Tracy L. Thatcher Journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Volume 12 Pagination 6067-6072 Abstract A spectroscopic analysis of 115 wintertime partic- ulate matter samples collected in rural California shows that wood smoke absorbs solar radiation with a strong spectral se- lectivity. This is consistent with prior work that has demon- strated that organic carbon (OC), in addition to black car- bon (BC), appreciably absorbs solar radiation in the visible and ultraviolet spectral regions. We apportion light absorp-

365

International WoodFuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WoodFuels LLC WoodFuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name International WoodFuels LLC Place Portland, Maine Zip 4101 Product Maine-based pellet producer and installer of commercial wood pellet heating systems. Coordinates 45.511795°, -122.675629° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.511795,"lon":-122.675629,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

366

The Role of Wood Material for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on an interdisciplinary perspective the role of wood as a carbon sink, as a multi-purpose material, and as a renewable energy source for the net reduction of greenhouse...2 mitigation. We also formulate som...

L. Gustavsson; R. Madlener; H.-F. Hoen…

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

STUDIA FORESTALIA SUECICA Wood resource dynamics in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

way or another. Wood Resource Dynamics (i.e. this volunze) describes the historical back- ground . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Act one: Development determined by . . . . . . .free market forces 3.3 Act two: Government price

GarcĂ­a, Oscar

368

Kilowatts From Waste Wood In The Furniture Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

recently, the Singer Furniture Co., Lenoir, N. Carolina, purchased a 450 kilowatt steam turbine/induction generator set to use extra steam - produced by 'free' waste wood fuel - in generating 15% of the plant's electrical energy demand. The turbine...

Nailen, R. L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

September 2, 2011 JAMES A. WOODS, S.J.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

September 2, 2011 JAMES A. WOODS, S.J. COLLEGE OF ADVANCING STUDIES BOOKLIST ­ FALL 2011 GRADUATE Ed. ­ M. Evans & Co. Bridges ­ TRANSITIONS 2nd Ed. ­ Gildan Media Corporation #12;AD72701 Career

Huang, Jianyu

370

Wood Gasification: Where It's At, Where It's Going  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses the principles and practice of various designs of biomass/wood gasifiers. In general, the basic principle of gasification is reviewed. A look at existing gasifier schemes, including packed bed updraft, downdraft, and fluidized...

Murphy, M. L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Ultrasonication technique: a method for dispersing nanoclay in wood adhesives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficiency of ultrasonication technique to disperse nanoclay in polyvinyl acetate (PVA) was examined. A hydrophilic nanoclay was added to PVA, and its effects on bond strength of wood joints were determined. The results of bond strength measured ...

Alireza Kaboorani; Bernard Riedl; Pierre Blanchet

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Seismic rehabilitation of wood diaphragms in unreinforced masonary buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

objectives: (1) assessing the adequacy of current seismic rehabilitation guidelines for evaluating existing wood diaphragms in pre-1950's URM buildings and for designing necessary retrofits; and (2) evaluating the effect of diaphragm retrofits, as designed...

Grubbs, Amber Jo

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Five-kilowatt wood gasifier technology: Evolution and field experience  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various elements of an efficient and reliable 5k W wood gasifier system developed over the last ten years ... sub-systems. Results from extensive testing of gasifier prototypes at two national centres are discuss...

S Dasappa; U Shrinivasa; B N Baliga; H S Mukunda

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

RFPs Due for Hazardous Fuel Wood to Energy Grant  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Forest Service requests proposals for the 2014 Hazardous Fuel Wood to Energy (W2E) Grant.  The outcome anticipated under this funding mechanism will advance the United States Department of...

375

Long-term lime pretreatment of poplar wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lignocellulosic biomass (e.g., poplar wood) provides a unique and sustainable resource for environmentally safe organic fuels and chemicals. The core of this study is the pretreatment step involved in bioconversion processes. Pretreatment...

Sierra Ramirez, Rocio

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

376

Guide to Using Wood Ash as an Agricultural Soil Amendment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wastes Increases soil pH Add plant nutrients Low cost #12;UNH COOPERATIVE EXTENSION Food & Agriculture and scab-susceptible potatoes varieties thrive in acid soils, and should not be supplemented with wood ash

New Hampshire, University of

377

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Vehicle Vehicle Replacement Vouchers to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Clean Vehicle Replacement Vouchers The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality administers the AirCheckTexas

378

Steam Plant Replaces Outdated Coal-Fired System | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Steam Plant Replaces Outdated Coal-Fired System September 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis A new natural gas-fired steam plant will replace an older coal-fired steam plant shown here. The...

379

Arizona: Solar Panels Replace Inefficient Fossil Fuel-Powered...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Arizona: Solar Panels Replace Inefficient Fossil Fuel-Powered Energy Systems Arizona: Solar Panels Replace Inefficient Fossil Fuel-Powered Energy Systems May 1, 2014 - 9:33am...

380

Text-Alternative Version: LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Below is the text-alternative version of the "LED Replacements for Linear Fluorescent Lamps" webcast, held June 20, 2011.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Wood energy fuel cycle optimization in beech and spruce forests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel synergistic approach to reducing emissions from residential wood combustion (RWC) is presented. Wood energy fuel cycle optimization (FCO) aims to provide cleaner burning fuels through optimization of forestry and renewable energy management practices. In this work, beech and spruce forests of average and high quality were modelled and analysed to determine the volume of fuel wood and its associated bark fraction produced during typical forestry cycles. Two separate fuel wood bark production regimes were observed for beech trees, while only one production regime was observed for spruce. The single tree and stand models were combined with existing thinning parameters to replicate existing management practices. Utilizing estimates of initial seedling numbers and existing thinning patterns a dynamic model was formed that responded to changes in thinning practices. By varying the thinning parameters, this model enabled optimization of the forestry practices for the reduction of bark impurities in the fuel wood supply chain. Beech forestry cycles responded well to fuel cycle optimization with volume reductions of bark from fuel wood of between ~10% and ~20% for average and high quality forest stands. Spruce, on the other hand, was fairly insensitive to FCO with bark reductions of 0–5%. The responsiveness of beech to FCO further supports its status as the preferred RWC fuel in Switzerland. FCO could easily be extended beyond Switzerland and applied across continental Europe and North America.

Nickolas K Meyer; Marco Mina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Computer Replacement Guidelines Environmental Health and Safety, Stanford University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer Replacement Guidelines Environmental Health and Safety, Stanford University 17 November 2005 This document describes the guidelines for replacing laptop and desktop computers at Environmental Health and Safety. PC laptop and desktop computers will be replaced a) on an ongoing basis where

383

Wood-Based Construction for Multi-story Buildings: Application of Cement Bonded Wood Composites as Structural Element  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modern housing and architecture are orientated towards high living quality and low energy consumption. The city of Vienna has put emphasis to introducing wood as a sustainable and ecological material for...

Alireza Fadai; Michael Fuchs; Wolfgang Winter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Variation in wood anatomical structure of Douglas-fir defoliated by the western spruce budworm: a case study in the coastal-transitional zone of British Columbia, Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An outbreak of the western spruce budworm temporarily modifies cellular wood anatomy of stem wood in natural and mature Douglas-fir stands impacting wood quality properties.

J. N. Axelson; A. Bast; R. Alfaro; D. J. Smith; H. Gärtner

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Do You Have Windows That Need Replacing? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Do You Have Windows That Need Replacing? Do You Have Windows That Need Replacing? Do You Have Windows That Need Replacing? August 3, 2012 - 2:11pm Addthis This week, Andrea shared the first part of her two-part story about how she replaced her more than 20-year-old windows with new, energy-efficient ones. Replacing old windows can be a great way to reduce the amount of warm and cool air (depending on the season) is leaking right out of your home. This week, we're wondering: Do you have windows that need replacing, too? Do you have any plans to replace them with newer, more efficient windows? You have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles

386

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new

387

Replaces EIA-459E OMB Control No.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 (04-94) Replaces EIA-459E OMB Control No. 1910-0400 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FEDERAL ASSISTANCE MANAGEMENT SUMMARY REPORT Page of Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 3.38 hours per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, search- ing existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Office of Information Resources Management Policy, Plans, and Oversight, Records Management Division, HR-422 - GTN, Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-0400), U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20585; and to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Paperwork Reduction Project

388

Replaces DOE F 5120.2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

700.2 700.2 (09-93) Replaces DOE F 5120.2 (02-90) edition may be used 1. INITIATOR: NAME & SIGNATURE ORGANIZATION CODE TELEPHONE NO. 2. PROJECT TITLE: 3. RESPONSIBLE ASSISTANT SECRETARY: 4. RESPONSIBLE OPERATIONS OFFICE: 5. M&O CONTRACTOR NAME: 6. WORK AUTHORIZATION NO.: FUNDS HEREBY AUTHORIZED 7. REVISION: B&R No. $000 13. WORK AUTHORIZED: (Brief description, schedule, results or products and reporting requirements, and any shifting of funds permitted within the work authorization): U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Management & Operating (M&O) Contract Work Authorization WORK AUTHORIZATION 14. WORK AUTHORIZATION OFFICIAL: 15. OPERATIONS OFFICE OFFICIAL: 16. M&O CONTRACTOR OFFICIAL: NAME & SIGNATURE DATE 9. PERFORMANCE PERIOD COVERED BY

389

Wood/coal cofiring in industrial stoker boilers  

SciTech Connect

Realizing that a significant reduction in the global emissions of fossil carbon dioxide may require the installation of a wide variety of control technologies, options for large and small boilers are receiving attention. With over 1,500 coal-fired stoker boilers in the US, biomass co-firing is of interest, which would also open markets for waste wood which is presently landfilled at significant costs ranging from $20--200/ton. While much cofiring occurs inside the fence, where industrial firms burn wastes in their site boilers, other opportunities exist. Emphasis has been placed on stoker boilers in the northeastern US, where abundant supplies of urban wood waste are generally known to exist. Broken pallets form a significant fraction of this waste. In 1997, the cofiring of a volumetric mixture of 30% ground broken pallet material and 70% coal was demonstrated successfully at the traveling-grate stoker boilerplant of the Pittsburgh Brewing Company. Fourteen test periods, with various wood/coal mixtures blended on site, and two extended test periods, using wood/coal mixtures blended at the coal terminal and transported by truck to the brewery, were conducted. The 30% wood/70% coal fuel was conveyed through the feed system without difficulty, and combusted properly on the grate while meeting opacity requirements with low SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} emissions. Efforts are underway to commercialize a wood/coal blend at the brewery, to identify specific urban wood supplies in the Pittsburgh region and to conduct a demonstration at a spreader stoker.

Cobb, J.T. Jr.; Elder, W.W.; Freeman, M.C.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Indoor Levels of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Homes with or without Wood Burning for Heating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Indoor Levels of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Homes with or without Wood Burning for Heating ... One wood-burning home had a boiler located in a shelter outside the house and was excluded from the study. ... The concentrations of BaP in the wood-burning homes (0.52 ng/m3) were within the range reported for an American home during operation of different airtight wood stoves (20) and for seven homes during wood burning in airtight wood stoves (21). ...

Pernilla Gustafson; Conny Östman; Gerd Sällsten

2008-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

391

1 - Wood fibres as reinforcements in natural fibre composites: structure, properties, processing and applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: Wood fibres are the most abundantly used cellulose fibre. They have been extensively used in the modern composite industry due to their specific characteristics. This chapter systematically describes the structure, properties, processing and applications of wood fibres as reinforcements in natural fibre composites: first, the nature and behaviour of wood fibres and the developed technologies for the modification of wood fibres to enhance physical and mechanical properties (e.g. surface functionality and tensile strength) are investigated; the matrices and processing techniques for the development of wood fibre composites are then discussed; and finally, the properties and applications of wood fibre composites in industrial sectors are presented.

D. Dai; M. Fan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Journal of Hazardous Materials A135 (2006) 2131 Leaching of chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood in a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-treated wood is incinerated, resulting arsenic emis- sions demand the use of proper air pollution control, mining waste, or wood. The feasibility of managing CCA-treated wood in monofills was examined using

Florida, University of

393

Drought effects on litterfall, wood production and belowground carbon cycling in an Amazon forest: results of a throughfall reduction experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...properly cited. Drought effects on litterfall, wood production and belowground carbon cycling in an...Barbosa, 136, 68005-080 Santarem, Para, Brazil 2 Woods Hole Research Center149 Woods Hole Road, Falmouth, MA 02543, USA 3 Department...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Polar Shear Lag Analysis of a Composite of Concentric Cylinders with Longitudinal Cracks: Application to Internal Checking in Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Application to Internal Checking in Wood J.A.Nairn Wood Science and Engineering, Oregon State University the existence of internal checks lowers the value of the wood when it is milled into lumber (due to detrimental

Nairn, John A.

395

Comminution process to produce precision wood particles of uniform size and shape with disrupted grain structure from wood chips  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process of comminution of wood chips (C) having a grain direction to produce a mixture of wood particles (P), wherein the wood chips are characterized by an average length dimension (L.sub.C) as measured substantially parallel to the grain, an average width dimension (W.sub.C) as measured normal to L.sub.C and aligned cross grain, and an average height dimension (H.sub.C) as measured normal to W.sub.C and L.sub.C, and wherein the comminution process comprises the step of feeding the wood chips in a direction of travel substantially randomly to the grain direction through a counter rotating pair of intermeshing arrays of cutting discs (D) arrayed axially perpendicular to the direction of wood chip travel, wherein the cutting discs have a uniform thickness (T.sub.D), and wherein at least one of L.sub.C, W.sub.C, and H.sub.C is greater than T.sub.D.

Dooley, James H; Lanning, David N

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

396

Hancock-Wood Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hancock-Wood Electric Coop Inc Hancock-Wood Electric Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Hancock-Wood Electric Coop Inc Place Ohio Utility Id 8034 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Farm Service-R-107 Commercial Farm Sevice R-207 Commercial Farm Sevice R-207(Transformer Capacity in Excess of 25kVA) Commercial LPS Rate 12 (Mainland) Industrial LPS Rate 12KI (Kelleys Island) Industrial NR Rate GS-8KI (Kelleys Island) Commercial NR Rate GS-8M (Mainland) Commercial NR Rate GS-9KI - Kelleys Island Over 25 kW Commercial

397

Water Sampling At International Geothermal Area, New Zealand (Wood, 2002) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

International Geothermal Area, New Zealand (Wood, 2002) International Geothermal Area, New Zealand (Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At International Geothermal Area New Zealand (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location International Geothermal Area New Zealand Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley

398

Water Sampling At Heber Area (Wood, 2002) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heber Area (Wood, 2002) Heber Area (Wood, 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Water Sampling At Heber Area (Wood, 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Heber Area Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geothermal fluids from hot springs and wells have been sampled from a number of locations, including: 1) the North Island of New Zealand (three sets of samples from three different years) and the South Island of New Zealand (1 set of samples); 2) the Cascades of Oregon; 3) the Harney, Alvord Desert and Owyhee geothermal areas of Oregon; 4) the Dixie Valley and Beowawe fields in Nevada; 5) Palinpiiion, the Philippines; 6) the Salton Sea and Heber geothermal fields of southern California; and 7) the

399

Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Replacement-1 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Replacement Energy System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, South Carolina, or North Carolina to whom power is provided pursuant to contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale energy purchased to meet contract minimum energy and sold under appropriate contracts between the Government and the Customer. Document Available for Download Replacement-1 Rate Schedule More Documents & Publications Replacement-3 Wholesale Power Rate Schedule

400

Study on properties of simul wood (Bombax ceiba L.) impregnated with styrene acrylonitrile copolymer, TiO2, and nanoclay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dimensional stability, thermal, and water repellency are very important properties of wood. In this research, wood polymer nanocomposite (WPNC) has been prepared by impregnation of styrene acrylonitrile copoly...

Rashmi R. Devi; Tarun K. Maji

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Cavity availability and use in hardwood forests with emphasis on wood ducks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-oak (Pinus spp.-Quercus spp.) forest stands, respectively. Cavities with entrance dimensions suitable for entry by wood ducks (Aix sponsa) were inspected for suitability as wood duck nesting sites. Total cavity densities were similar between forest stands...

Wolter, Derrick Wayne

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Effect of SiO2 and nanoclay on the properties of wood polymer nanocomposite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wood polymer composite (WPC) were developed by using solution blended high density polyethylene, low density polyethylene, polypropylene, poly(vinyl chloride), Phragmites karka wood flour and polyethylene-co...-g...

Biplab K. Deka; Tarun K. Maji

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Design and Operation of a Circulating Fluidized Bed Gasifier for Wood Powders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces a circulating fluidized bed gasifier (CFBG) with a diameter of 410mm,...2...h for wood powders. The CFBG has been operated in Press Wood Products factory, utilizing its wastes, for more than...

Xu Bingyan; Wu Jiagzhi; Luo Zengfen…

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Strength Specifications and Methods of Test for Structural Grades of Cryogenic Balsa Wood Insulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Balsa wood is a useful material for cryogenic applications owing to its relatively high structural strength and good thermal insulating properties that increase with decreasing temperatures. Balsa wood insulation

G. E. Padawer

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Sustainable Use of Regional Wood Biomass in Kushida River Basin, Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The wood biomass supply may change with altered forest management practices (thinning, harvesting, and plantation), and a few studies have focused ... of forest management from the view point of wood biomass prod...

Makoto Ooba; Tsuyoshi Fujita; Motoyuki Mizuochi…

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A New Method to Measure the Integrated Amount of Pollutants from Nonstationary Wood Combustion Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wood firings usually show high concentrations of unburnt emissions during the start up and shut down periods. Since the range of flue gas can vary widely the common method to measure the emissions of wood firi...

Thomas Nussbaumer; Daniel Wagner

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

FRED E. WOOD University of California, Davis, Ph.D., Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry, 1984  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FRED E. WOOD EDUCATION University of California, Davis, Ph.D., Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry scholarship and $1 million for endowed reentry student scholarships. #12;FRED E. WOOD Page 2 Obtained over

Amin, S. Massoud

408

Development of palm oil-based UV-curable epoxy acrylate and urethane acrylate resins for wood coating application  

SciTech Connect

The trend of using renewable sources such as palm oil as raw material in radiation curing is growing due to the demand from the market to produce a more environmental friendly product. In this study, the radiation curable process was done using epoxy acrylate and urethane acrylate resins which are known as epoxidised palm olein acrylate (EPOLA) and palm oil based urethane acrylate (POBUA), respectively. The purpose of the study was to investigate curing properties and the application of this UV-curable palm oil resins for wood coating. Furthermore, the properties of palm oil based coatings are compared with the petrochemical-based compound such as ebecryl (EB) i.e. EB264 and EB830. From the experiment done, the resins from petrochemical-based compounds resulted higher degree of crosslinking (up to 80%) than the palm oil based compounds (up to 70%), where the different is around 10-15%. The hardness property from this two type coatings can reached until 50% at the lower percentage of the oligomer. However, the coatings from petrochemical-based have a high scratch resistance as it can withstand at least up to 3.0 Newtons (N) compared to the palm oil-based compounds which are difficult to withstand the load up to 1.0 N. Finally, the test on the rubber wood substrate showed that the coatings containing benzophenone photoinitiator give higher adhesion property and their also showed a higher glosiness property on the glass substrate compared to the coatings containing irgacure-819 photoinitiator. This study showed that the palm oil coatings can be a suitable for the replacement of petrochemicals compound for wood coating. The palm oil coatings can be more competitive in the market if the problems of using high percentage palm oil oligomer can be overcome as the palm oil price is cheap enough.

Tajau, Rida; Mahmood, Mohd Hilmi; Salleh, Mek Zah; Salleh, Nik Ghazali Nik [Radiation Processing Technology Division, Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia), Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia); Ibrahim, Mohammad Izzat [Faculty of Science, University of Malaya (UM), 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Yunus, Nurulhuda Mohd [Faculty of Science and Technology, National University Malaysia (UKM), 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

409

Milnor-Wood type inequalities for Higgs bundles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explain how the generalized Milnor-Wood inequality of Burger and Iozzi for reductive representations of a cocompact complex-hyperbolic lattice into a Hermitian Lie group translates under Simpson's non-abelian Hodge correspondence into an inequality for topological invariants of the corresponding Higgs bundles. In this way, we obtain an inequality that holds for all Hermitian Lie groups, generalizing the Milnor-Wood type inequalities for Higgs bundles that have been proved for the classical Hermitian Lie groups by Bradlow, Garcia-Prada, and Gothen and by Koziarz and Maubon.

Hartnick, Tobias

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

A collection of wood properties. Version 1.1  

SciTech Connect

Reference books are the primary source of wood property data for use in research, school, or business. it has been our experience that obtaining the needed data from several references can be a cumbersome and time-consuming ordeal. These spreadsheets are a compilation of data from several well-known references. Version 1.1 includes the most recent update of commercial woods of the United States and the world. It is intended that they be used for quick summaries, comparisons, and calculations to increase the efficiency of the professional user in report preparation.

Toennisson, R.L.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Window Replacement, Rehabilitation, & Repair Guides- Building America Top Innovation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Building America team Building Science Corporation guides contractors through several options for repairing or replacing old windows to improve air sealing and thermal performance.

412

Replacement, Variable-Speed Motors for Furnaces, Syracuse, New...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

replace- ment for PSC motors in many homes. To date, CARB has upgraded six systems with Concept 3 motors. Upgrading a fan motor is usually very straightforward. Once...

413

"Green" Replacement for Industrial Applications of Polar Organic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technologies Advanced Materials Advanced Materials Find More Like This Return to Search "Green" Replacement for Industrial Applications of Polar Organic Solvents University of...

414

Microsoft Word - CX-Chehalis-OlympiaChehalis-MayfieldLewisCoWoodPolesFY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR/Olympia SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Lee Webb Ryan Brady Line Foreman III - TFOF-Olympia TFOK-Chehalis - Line Foreman III Proposed Action: Wood pole structure replacements on the Chehalis-Olympia No. 1 and Chehalis-Mayfield No. 1, 115-kV transmission lines PP&A Project No.: 2370 & 2373, Work Order # 298130, 298138, and 297997 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance activities... Location: The subject transmission lines are located in Lewis and Thurston counties, Washington, in Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Olympia Maintenance District. The transmission line right-of-way (ROW) corridors cross public and privately-owned lands that

415

Mineral phases of green liquor dregs, slaker grits, lime mud and wood ash of a Kraft pulp and paper mill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Four residues generated in a Kraft, pulp and paper plant, were characterized by X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XFA), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimmetric analysis (TG) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). A quantitative phase composition model, that accounts for the observed data and for the physico-chemical conditions of formation, was postulated for each material. Emphasis was given on the identification of the mineral components of each material. The green liquor dregs and the lime mud contain Calcite and Gipsite. The slaker grits contains Calcite, Portlandite, Pirssonite, Larnite and Brucite. The Calcite phase, present in the dregs and in the lime mud, has small amounts of magnesium replacing calcium. The wood ash contains Quartz as the major crystalline mineral phase.

Fernanda Machado Martins; Joaniel Munhoz Martins; Luiz Carlos Ferracin; Carlos Jorge da Cunha

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Presentation 2.6: Wood waste for energy: lessons learnt from tropical regions Paul Vantomme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Presentation 2.6: Wood waste for energy: lessons learnt from tropical regions Paul Vantomme of forest products with more value adding, and promoting the use of wood waste to increase energy efficiency to promote the use of wood waste for energy production. Not only the financial viability of the process needs

417

A SIMPLE PROOF OF THE FARY-WAGNER THEOREM DAVID R. WOOD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A SIMPLE PROOF OF THE F´ARY-WAGNER THEOREM DAVID R. WOOD The purpose of this note is to give at most two. 1 #12;2 DAVID R. WOOD denote the circle of radius centred at s. For each neighbour: david.wood@upc.edu #12;

Wood, David R.

418

Wood science education in a changing world: A case study of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood science education in a changing world: A case study of the UMASS-Amherst building materials & wood technology program, 1965-2005 David T. Damery Peggi Clouston Paul R. Fisette Abstract This paper discusses the historical and current day need for education in the area of building materials and wood

Schweik, Charles M.

419

WOOD DUCK BROOD MOVEMENTS AND HABITAT USE ON PRAIRIE RIVERS IN SOUTH DAKOTA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WOOD DUCK BROOD MOVEMENTS AND HABITAT USE ON PRAIRIE RIVERS IN SOUTH DAKOTA DIANE A. GRANFORS.'·2. SD 57007. USA ~ .· Absfm£'f: Wood duck (Air SI)0/1.5O) populations have been increasing in the Central Flyway. but little is known about wood duck brood rearing in prairie e

420

Wood piece quality evaluation using Choquet integral and fuzzy merging Jeremy Jover1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood piece quality evaluation using Choquet integral and fuzzy merging Jeremy Jover1,2 , Vincent,fuzzy operators, Choquet integral, divergent process Abstract: This paper presents a way to evaluate the wood (what is ideally expected). The wood industry is also concerned by these di- vergent process problems

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

ORIGINAL PAPER L. Voc adlo K. S. Knight G. D. Price I. G. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORIGINAL PAPER L. VocÏ adlo á K. S. Knight á G. D. Price á I. G. Wood Thermal expansion and crystal discussed by Wood et al. (1996), VocÏ adlo et al. (1999, 2000) and Mattheiss and Hamann (1993002690100202 L. VocÏ adlo (&) á G. D. Price á I. G. Wood Department of Geological Sciences, University College

Vocadlo, Lidunka

422

Large wood recruitment and redistribution in headwater streams in the southern Oregon Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large wood recruitment and redistribution in headwater streams in the southern Oregon Coast Range, U.S.A.1 Christine L. May and Robert E. Gresswell Abstract: Large wood recruitment and redistribution and topographic setting strongly influenced processes that delivered wood to the channel network. In small

May, Christine L.

423

Wood Transportation Systems-A Spin-Off of a Computerized Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Transportation Systems-A Spin-Off of a Computerized Information and Mapping Technique William of the system to determine the allocation and association of wood sources and markets. INTRODUCTION In December strategies of wood origins and potential markets to be correlated very accurately and rapidly. Transportation

Standiford, Richard B.

424

Use of Wood Waste in Rehabilitation of Landings Constructed on Fine-Textured  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use of Wood Waste in Rehabilitation of Landings Constructed on Fine-Textured Soils, Central rehabilitated with three operationally feasible treatments: (1) incorpora- tion of waste wood chips (140 t of chipped wood wastes, with appropriate supplementary N fertilization, in rehabilitation of access

Sanborn, Paul

425

Management of Discarded Treated Wood Products: A Resource Guide for Generators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Is treated wood a hazardous waste? c. Disposal with household waste. d. Disposal with yard waste. e. Burning for homeowners, contractors, waste management professionals, and other parties needing information on management/environmental concerns c. Special handling 4. Management options for treated wood a. Is treated wood a solid waste? b

Florida, University of

426

Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania International Wood Energy Market Developments Ed Pepke Forest Products Marketing Specialist UNECE/FAO Timber Section, Geneva #12;Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania Subjects I

427

Modeling Sediment and Wood Storage and Dynamics in Small Mountainous Watersheds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

85 Modeling Sediment and Wood Storage and Dynamics in Small Mountainous Watersheds Stephen T controls on supply and transport of sediment and wood in a small (approximately two square kilometers) basin in the Oregon Coast Range, typical of streams at the interface between episodic sediment and wood

428

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 36 (2001) 4681 4686 Deformation and energy absorption of wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 36 (2001) 4681­ 4686 Deformation and energy absorption of wood cell and Physics & Christian Doppler Laboratory for Fundamentals of Wood Machining, University of Agricultural of Meteorology and Physics & Christian Doppler Laboratory for Fundamentals of Wood Machining, University

Lichtenegger, Helga C.

429

Long Term Supply Agreements And Their Role in the Wood Procurement and Supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Long Term Supply Agreements And Their Role in the Wood Procurement and Supply System #12;Page 2 Agenda · Introduction · Traditional and Current Wood Procurement Systems. · Structure and Characteristics of the Wood Supply Chain. · Long Term Supply Agreements · Integrating Supply Agreements into an overall

430

World Wide Wood Network, Ltd. 2001-2002 Forest Products e-Commerce  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

World Wide Wood Network, Ltd. © 2001-2002 Forest Products e-Commerce An Oxymoron or Wave of the Future Presented by: Thomas J. Westbrook, JD President & CEO World Wide Wood Network, Ltd. http Collapsing time and space Communication World Wide Wood Network, Ltd. © 2001-2002 The Promise of the Internet

431

NUMERICAL MODELING OF DEFORMATION AND FRACTURE OF WOOD INCLUDING HETEROGENEITY AND ANISOTROPY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NUMERICAL MODELING OF DEFORMATION AND FRACTURE OF WOOD INCLUDING HETEROGENEITY AND ANISOTROPY John A. Nairn Wood Science & Engineering, Oregon State University, USA Abstract The challenge in numerical modeling of wood is to have the model closely match the structure of a real specimen. The model

Nairn, John A.

432

Enzyme and Microbial Technology 35 (2004) 648653 Batch and continuous fermentation of succinic acid from wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

acid from wood hydrolysate by Mannheimia succiniciproducens MBEL55E Do Yun Kim, Seong Chun Yim, Pyung out in a complex medium containing a NaOH- treated wood hydrolysate for the production of succinic acid. The wood hydrolysate based medium was treated with NaOH before sterilization to reduce

433

The effect of cowpox virus infection on fecundity in bank voles and wood mice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...infection on fecundity in bank voles and wood mice Sarah M. Feore 1 2 3 * Malcolm Bennett...bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus), wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus) and field...reduce the fecundity of bank voles and wood mice by increasing the time to first litter...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Alternative Chemicals and Improved Disposal-End Management Practices for CCA-treated Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alternative Chemicals and Improved Disposal-End Management Practices for CCA-treated Wood (FINAL.7 Costs 54 II.8 Feedback from Wood Treaters and Large-End Users 56 CHAPTER III, DISPOSAL.3 Resource Book for the Wood Disposal Sector 85 CHAPTER IV IV.1 Conclusion and Recommendations IV.2

Florida, University of

435

| Blidworth Wood refreshment concession | JL | 20/01/2012 INVITATION TO TENDER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

| Blidworth Wood refreshment concession | JL | 20/01/2012 Sherwood INVITATION TO TENDER Catering concession rights For Blidworth Wood Nottinghamshire Last date for submission of tenders:- 13:00 hours on 16 Sherwood Office Edwinstowe Mansfield Notts NG21 9JL Tel: 01623 822447 #12;Blidworth Wood catering

436

SECTION 49 Table of Contents 49 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Inventory of Existing Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

49-1 SECTION 49 ­ Table of Contents 49 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Inventory of Existing Programs #12;49-2 49 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Inventory of Existing Programs ­ Terrestrial 49.1 Current Management Directions Within the Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin, fish and wildlife resources are co

437

COST E50 -Workplan 1 "CELL WALL MACROMOLECULES AND REACTION WOOD"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COST E50 - Workplan 1 COST E50 "CELL WALL MACROMOLECULES AND REACTION WOOD" (CEMARE) WORKPLAN A in the various cell wall layers determines the strength properties of individual fibres and solid wood. Moreover, it is a key parameter for the biomechanical function of wood in the living stem. Trees control the shape

438

Material Point Method Simulations of Transverse Fracture in Wood with Realistic Morphologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Material Point Method Simulations of Transverse Fracture in Wood with Realistic Morphologies By J. A. Nairn1 Wood Science & Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA Keywords used to simulate transverse fracture in solid wood. The simulations were run on the scale of growth

Nairn, John A.

439

Scene perception and the visual control of travel direction in navigating wood ants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...control of travel direction in navigating wood ants Thomas S. Collett 1 David D. Lent...to visual science. In it, we show for wood ants, as Mike has done for a variety of...head or body movements. In the case of wood ants, close examination of their body...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A pilot study of children's exposure to CCA-treated wood from playground equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A pilot study of children's exposure to CCA-treated wood from playground equipment S.L. Shalat Health Sciences Institute (EOHSI), University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Arsenic from chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood, widely used in playgrounds and other outdoor

Florida, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Psychology of Reasoning Michiel van Lambalgen September 2002 David Wood & Marian Counihan Page:1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Psychology of Reasoning ­ Michiel van Lambalgen September 2002 David Wood & Marian Counihan Lambalgen September 2002 David Wood & Marian Counihan Page:2 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................... 17 #12;Psychology of Reasoning ­ Michiel van Lambalgen September 2002 David Wood & Marian Counihan

van Lambalgen, Michiel

442

Independent evolution of song structure and note structure in American wood warblers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...structure and note structure in American wood warblers Josh V. Buskirk Zoologishes Institut...example the songs of 51 North American wood warblers (Parulinae). I combined published...structure and note structure in American wood warblers JOSH VAN BUSKIRK oologishes Institut...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

A pilot study of children's exposure to CCA-treated wood from playground equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A pilot study of children's exposure to CCA-treated wood from playground equipment S.L. Shalat Health Sciences Institute (EOHSI), University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood online 17 February 2006 Abstract Arsenic from chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood, widely used

Florida, University of

444

SECTION 47 Table of Contents 47 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Inventory of Existing Programs Aquatic.2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

47-1 SECTION 47 ­ Table of Contents 47 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Inventory of Existing Programs #12;47-2 47 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Inventory of Existing Programs ­ Aquatic Large portions of Section 47 were contained within the Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Summary Report (2001) and are summarized

445

SECTION 51 Table of Contents 51 Lake Rufus Woods Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Plan ................2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

51-1 SECTION 51 ­ Table of Contents 51 Lake Rufus Woods Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Plan ................2 #12;51-2 51 Lake Rufus Woods Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Plan In light of the various is found in Section 2. #12;51-3 Table 51.1. Rufus Woods Subbasin research, monitoring, and evaluation plan

446

Fight tactics in wood ants: individuals in smaller groups fight harder but die faster  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...articles 1001 14 60 70 Fight tactics in wood ants: individuals in smaller groups fight...RHP influences agonistic tactics in red wood ants Formica rufa. Larger groups had higher...adjusted either up or down. Southern red wood ants, Formica rufa, engage in inter-group...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

SECTION 48 Table of Contents 48 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Assessment Terrestrial ............................2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

48-1 SECTION 48 ­ Table of Contents 48 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Assessment ­ Terrestrial 48.2 Wildlife of the Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin.......................................................................................17 #12;48-2 48 Lake Rufus Woods Subbasin Assessment ­ Terrestrial 48.1 Focal Habitats: Current

448

Preservative leaching from weathered CCA-treated wood Timothy Townsenda,*, Brajesh Dubeya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preservative leaching from weathered CCA-treated wood Timothy Townsenda,*, Brajesh Dubeya , Thabet copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood in landfills raises concerns with respect to leaching of preservative compounds. When unweathered CCA-treated wood is leached using the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure

Florida, University of

449

WOOD PROPERTIES AND THEIR VARIATIONS WITHIN THE TREE STEM OF LESSER-USED SPECIES OF TROPICAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WOOD PROPERTIES AND THEIR VARIATIONS WITHIN THE TREE STEM OF LESSER-USED SPECIES OF TROPICAL to utilization about the species. This paper examines physical and mechanical properties of wood. There was an overall increase of wood's physical and mechanical properties from the breast height to the top

450

Interactive Catalog Replaces Catalog Pages Sensing and Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interactive Catalog Replaces Catalog Pages Sensing and Control Honeywell Inc. 11 West Spring Street Freeport, Illinois 61032 Honeywell Sensing and Control has replaced the PDF product catalog with the new Series 2 Honeywell · Sensing and Control For application help: call 1-800-537-6945 BLOCK DIAGRAM MAXIMUM

Lozano-Nieto, Albert

451

LSB replacement steganography software detection based on model checking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Steganography software detection is one of effective approaches for steganography forensics using software analysis. In this paper a method of LSB replacement steganography software detection is proposed. Firstly three typical implementations of LSB ... Keywords: LSB replacement algorithm, automaton, model checking, steganography software

Zheng Zhao; Fenlin Liu; Xiangyang Luo; Xin Xie; Lu Yu

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Woods Hole Research Center Wind Turbine | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hole Research Center Wind Turbine Hole Research Center Wind Turbine Jump to: navigation, search Name Woods Hole Research Center Wind Turbine Facility Woods Hole Research Center Wind Turbine Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Woods Hole Research Center Developer Sustainable Energy Developments Energy Purchaser Woods Hole Research Center Location Falmouth MA Coordinates 41.548637°, -70.64326° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.548637,"lon":-70.64326,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

453

Influence of Nanoclay on Properties of HDPE/Wood Composites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 2 Performance Engineered Composites, USDA Forest Service, absence of associated health hazards, easy fiber surface modification, wide availability, and relative, espe- cially wood plastic composites, which have success- fully proven their high qualities in various

454

2014 BRUIN WOODS SUMMER STAFF APPLICATION Name Birth Date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2014 BRUIN WOODS SUMMER STAFF APPLICATION Name Birth Date School Address Home Address Phone # ( ) E, Activities and Awards SKILLS, CERTIFICATES & QUALIFICATIONS CAMP SKILLS: On a scale of "0" (no knowledge_____________________________________________________________________________ CERTIFICATIONS (List expiration dates and certifying organizations) Lifeguard Boating Certification Archery

Williams, Gary A.

455

2012 BRUIN WOODS SUMMER STAFF APPLICATION Name Birth Date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2012 BRUIN WOODS SUMMER STAFF APPLICATION Name Birth Date School Address Home Address Phone # ( ) E, Activities and Awards SKILLS, CERTIFICATES & QUALIFICATIONS CAMP SKILLS: On a scale of 0 (no knowledge) to 3_____________________________________________________________________________ CERTIFICATIONS (List expiration dates and certifying organizations) Lifeguard Boating Certification NRA Riflery

Grether, Gregory

456

2013 BRUIN WOODS SUMMER STAFF APPLICATION Name Birth Date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2013 BRUIN WOODS SUMMER STAFF APPLICATION Name Birth Date School Address Home Address Phone # ( ) E, Activities and Awards SKILLS, CERTIFICATES & QUALIFICATIONS CAMP SKILLS: On a scale of "0" (no knowledge_____________________________________________________________________________ CERTIFICATIONS (List expiration dates and certifying organizations) Lifeguard Boating Certification NRA Riflery

Williams, Gary A.

457

Nanocellulose A sustainable nanomaterial derived from wood pulp with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanocellulose A sustainable nanomaterial derived from wood pulp with applications in composites, sensors, and biomedical devices. The Sustainable Nano-Biocomposites lab in the chemical engineering-renewable resources while offering better performance. #12;Research Program Research in the Sustainable Nano

Thompson, Michael

458

An Overview of the U.S. Wood Preserving Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preservatives · Oilborne Preservatives · Creosote Treatments · Fire Retardants · Additives · Concluding Comments · Waterborne Preservatives · Oilborne Preservatives · Creosote Treatments · Fire Retardants · Additives a baselinewas to develop a baseline profile of the treated woodprofile of the treated wood manufacturing

459

Wood-Fiber/High-Density-Polyethylene Composites: Coupling Agent Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood-Fiber/High-Density-Polyethylene Composites: Coupling Agent Performance John Z. Lu,1 Qinglin Wu structure. As a coupling agent, mal- eated polyethylene (MAPE) had a better performance in WPC than oxidized polyethylene (OPE) and pure polyeth- ylene (PPE) because of its stronger interfacial bonding. A combination

460

Ghosting in Anaglyphic Stereoscopic Images Andrew J. Woods*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ghosting in Anaglyphic Stereoscopic Images Andrew J. Woods* , Tegan Rourke Centre for Marine in the blue and green colour channels (blue + green = cyan). The observer wears a pair of glasses with one eye 8 9266 4799; http://www.cmst.curtin.edu.au; Centre for Marine Scie

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

INFLUENCE OF TORREFACTION TREATMENT ON WOOD POWDER PROPERTIES M. Almendrosa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is a thermal pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass before gazification. This mild form of pyrolysis, carried. The studied parameters are (i) the species of the biomass (spruce and beech) (ii) the torrefaction temperature: biomass to liquid (BtL), lignocellulosic sources, wood, torrefaction, analysis, characterization. 1

Boyer, Edmond

462

Pellet Production Wood Pellets are made by compressing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and still usually significantly cheaper than oil or LPG. Prices vary considerably between suppliers through a die. The heat generated by the pressure melts the lignin in the wood, binding the sawdust Energy Centre, (01420) 526197 · biomass.centre@forestry.gsi.gov.uk Information Sheet 8 · Domestic Heating

463

Production of chemical feedstock by the methanolysis of wood  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is discussed for the production of ethylene, benzene and carbon monoxide from particulated biomass such as wood by reaction with methane at a temperature of from 700/sup 0/C to 1200/sup 0/C, at a pressure of from 20 psi to 100 psi for a period of from 0.2 to 10 seconds.

Steinberg, M.; Fallon, P.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Emerging Markets for Wood Energy Richard Vlosky, Director  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2/20/2014 1 Emerging Markets for Wood Energy Richard Vlosky, Director Crosby Land & Resources change the landscape. Overview of Emerging Biomass-to-Energy Markets Projections show U.S. energy;2/20/2014 9 Overview of Emerging Biomass-to-Energy Markets Government support of market development include

465

Wood Fuel Future: The Potential Web Text December 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wth for one family, with larger scale systems of 1 MWth heating 200 houses. Small scale wood fuel electricity provide electricity for up to 30,000 houses. Many electricity generating systems also produce heat and are called Combined Heat and Power systems. kWth = kilowatt thermal (i.e. heat) kWe = kilowatt electricity

466

AN EXAMINATION OF WOOD RECYCLING PROVISIONS IN NORTH AMERICAN GREEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

! ! ! AN EXAMINATION OF WOOD RECYCLING PROVISIONS IN NORTH AMERICAN GREEN BUILDING PROGRAMS DR. JIM in North American Green Building Programs Introduction Recycled content is a prominent aspect of many North American green building standards, with use of such materials awarded or specified. Construction

467

Physiological Insights Towards Improving Fish Culture L. CURRY WOODS III*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physiological Insights Towards Improving Fish Culture L. CURRY WOODS III* Department of Animal, and American Fisheries Society (AFS) Fish Culture Section, was held February 26 through March 2, 2007, in San Antonio, Texas. At this meeting, the AFS Fish Culture and Fish Physiol- ogy Sections co

Hamza, Iqbal

468

Marketing of Tropical Hardwood Wood Products from Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing of Tropical Hardwood Wood Products from Ghana: An Exploratory Study Kofi Poku Richard Vlosky Forest Products Marketing Program Louisiana Forest Products Laboratory Louisiana State University Agricultural Center #12;Overview · Background - the forest of Ghana · Current forest industry and market

469

Banagrass vs Eucalyptus Wood as Feedstocks for Metallurgical Biocarbon Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Brazil, Eucalyptus wood charcoal is used to smelt iron ore, but there is interest in the use of charcoal produced from other biomass feedstocks. ... Because biomass feedstocks possess widely varying properties, a variety of materials is being evaluated for their suitability for biocarbon production. ... Table 6 summarizes the productivities of the two biomass feedstocks and their charcoal properties. ...

Takuya Yoshida; Scott Q. Turn; Russell S. Yost; Michael Jerry Antal, Jr.

2008-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

470

APPLICATION OF NELSON'S SORPTION ISOTHERM TO WOOD COMPOSITES AND OVERLAYS'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPLICATION OF NELSON'S SORPTION ISOTHERM TO WOOD COMPOSITES AND OVERLAYS' Qinglin Wu Assistant in both adsorption and desorption at 2 9 2 . The EMC- RH data were fit to Nelson's sorption isotherm materials. The parameters that define the sorption isotherm varied with material type and sorption mode

471

Potential for comparison drying of green wood chip fuel  

SciTech Connect

Equipment currently designed for and in use by the forest products industry for the dewatering of wood bark and chips by mechanical pressure can only reduce the moisture content (MC) to 45 or 50% (wet basis). Thus, this equipment is suited to remove water added in processing but not free water normally present in green wood. Exploratory research described in this paper has shown on a laboratory scale that the proper application of high pressure to green wood chips can remove the water from cell lumens, thus reducing the MC to 35% or less. Further, this water removal may be accomplished in an energy efficient manner. The ratio of energy increase of the fuel (increase in recoverable heat) to the mechanical energy required for water removal was found to vary from 67:1 to 240:1. This ratio depends upon wood specific gravity (SG) green MC, and mode of compression. A theoretical relationship between volumetric compression, MC, SG, and water extracted was developed and tested on several species of softwoods and hardwoods. The cost savings for fuel and boiler investment in a hypothetical situation are presented to illustrate the economic potential of the process if production scale equipment can be developed. (17 references).

Haygreen, J.G.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Vertical feed stick wood fuel burning furnace system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new and improved stove or furnace for efficient combustion of wood fuel including a vertical feed combustion chamber for receiving and supporting wood fuel in a vertical attitude or stack, a major upper portion of the combustion chamber column comprising a water jacket for coupling to a source of water or heat transfer fluid and for convection circulation of the fluid for confining the locus of wood fuel combustion to the bottom of the vertical gravity feed combustion chamber. A flue gas propagation delay channel extending from the laterally directed draft outlet affords delayed travel time in a high temperature environment to assure substantially complete combustion of the gaseous products of wood burning with forced air as an actively induced draft draws the fuel gas and air mixture laterally through the combustion and high temperature zone. Active sources of forced air and induced draft are included, multiple use and circuit couplings for the recovered heat, and construction features in the refractory material substructure and metal component superstructure.

Hill, Richard C. (Orono, ME)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Vertical feed stick wood fuel burning furnace system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stove or furnace for efficient combustion of wood fuel includes a vertical feed combustion chamber (15) for receiving and supporting wood fuel in a vertical attitude or stack. A major upper portion of the combustion chamber column comprises a water jacket (14) for coupling to a source of water or heat transfer fluid for convection circulation of the fluid. The locus (31) of wood fuel combustion is thereby confined to the refractory base of the combustion chamber. A flue gas propagation delay channel (34) extending laterally from the base of the chamber affords delayed travel time in a high temperature refractory environment sufficient to assure substantially complete combustion of the gaseous products of wood burning with forced air prior to extraction of heat in heat exchanger (16). Induced draft draws the fuel gas and air mixture laterally through the combustion chamber and refractory high temperature zone to the heat exchanger and flue. Also included are active sources of forced air and induced draft, multiple circuit couplings for the recovered heat, and construction features in the refractory material substructure and metal component superstructure.

Hill, Richard C. (Orono, ME)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Production of chemical feedstock by the methanolysis of wood  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for the production of ethylene, benzene and carbon monoxide from particulated biomass such as wood by reaction with methane at a temperature of from 700.degree. C. to 1200.degree. C., at a pressure of from 20 psi to 100 psi for a period of from 0.2 to 10 seconds.

Steinberg, Meyer (Melville, NY); Fallon, Peter (East Moriches, NY)

1984-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

475

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new lightbulbs gives you the greatest energy savings, reliability, and

476

Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacement Generation Tax Exemption Replacement Generation Tax Exemption Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Local Government Residential Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Bioenergy Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info Start Date 01/01/2008 (retroactively effective) State Iowa Program Type Corporate Exemption Rebate Amount 100% exemption for self-generators, landfill gas and wind Reduced rate for large hydro Provider Iowa Department of Revenue Iowa imposes a replacement generation tax of 0.06 cents ($0.0006) per kilowatt-hour (kWh) on various forms of electricity generated within the state. This tax is imposed in lieu of a property tax on generation facilities. Under the Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption, the following

477

Microsoft Word - CX-OregonCity-ChemawaWoodPolesFY12_WEB .docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alvey Alvey SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum James Semrau Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Oregon City-Chemawa #2 Wood Pole Replacement Projects PP&A Project No.: 2327 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3 Routine maintenance Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Location: The project is located in Clackamas and Marion counties, Oregon, in BPA's Salem District. Structure locations are as follows: Structure Legal Description County, State 3\14 3S, 1W, Sec. 14 Clackamas, OR 16\12 5S, 2W, Sec. 15 Marion, OR 17\6 5S, 2W, Sec. 22 Marion, OR 20\9 5S, 2W, Sec. 32 Marion, OR 21\3 6S, 2W, Sec. 5 Marion, OR 21\13 - 21\15 6S, 2W, Sec. 6 Marion, OR 21\16 - 22\25 6S, 2W, Sec. 7 Marion, OR

478

Provenance study and environments of deposition of the Pennslyvanian-Permian Wood River Formation, south-central Idaho, and the paleotectonic character of the Wood River basin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PROVENANCE STUDY AND ENVIRONMENTS OF DEPOSITION OF THE PENNSYLVANIAN-PERMIAN WOOD RIVER FORMATION, SOUTH-CENTRAL IDAHO, AND THE PALEOTECTONIC CHARACTER OF THE WOOD RIVER BASIN A 'Ihesis by CHRISTOPHER WILLIAM DEAN Submitted to the Graduate... College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December, 1982 Major Subject: Geology PROVENANCE STUDY AND ENVIRONMENTS OF DEPOSITION OF THE PENNSYLVANIAN-PERMIAN WOOD RIVER FORMATION...

Dean, Christopher William

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

479

Engineering economic assessment of whole-house residential wood heating in New York  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wood devices increasingly are being used for residential space heating in New York. Motivations include avoiding high and variable fuel costs, promoting energy independence, mitigating climate change, and stimulating local economic development. In this study, the influence of fuel prices, device costs, and device efficiencies on heating costs was examined. Lifetime costs of alternative heating technologies were calculated for a house in Syracuse, New York. Calculations were repeated to explore discount rates and fuel price projections. Combinations of wood price and device cost and efficiency were identified at which wood is competitive with other fuels. The results suggest that fuel costs drive competitiveness more than capital and installation costs. At typical wood prices, natural gas often is the least expensive option. Many rural areas do not have access to gas, however, and high-efficiency wood-heating devices can be very competitive with heat pumps, propane boilers, and fuel-oil boilers. Availability of low-cost or on-site wood can make wood the least expensive option. However, even “free” wood is not free when the equipment, labor, space and time required are considered. Furthermore, efficiencies of wood devices and their pollutant emissions can differ greatly. High emission rates have led to restrictions on use of specific wood-heating devices in some locations. Improved information and tools should be available to consumers for evaluating the suitability of wood heating for their particular situations. The work presented here is an example of such information.

Daniel H. Loughlin; Rebecca S. Dodder

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip November 3, 2011 - 11:19am Addthis This is the North Country School's 32,000-square-foot main building. Aligning with the school's commitment to a simple, sustainable lifestyle, the school is heated with a wood chip boiler that uses wood sourced from their sustainably managed woodlot and local forests. | Courtesy of North Country School This is the North Country School's 32,000-square-foot main building. Aligning with the school's commitment to a simple, sustainable lifestyle, the school is heated with a wood chip boiler that uses wood sourced from their sustainably managed woodlot and local forests. | Courtesy of North Country School Alice Dasek Project Officer, Department of Energy State Energy Program

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "replace deteriorating wood" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip How Much Wood Would a North Country School Chip November 3, 2011 - 11:19am Addthis This is the North Country School's 32,000-square-foot main building. Aligning with the school's commitment to a simple, sustainable lifestyle, the school is heated with a wood chip boiler that uses wood sourced from their sustainably managed woodlot and local forests. | Courtesy of North Country School This is the North Country School's 32,000-square-foot main building. Aligning with the school's commitment to a simple, sustainable lifestyle, the school is heated with a wood chip boiler that uses wood sourced from their sustainably managed woodlot and local forests. | Courtesy of North Country School Alice Dasek Project Officer, Department of Energy State Energy Program

482

Report of Shelton wood-coal firing tests conducted March 16-April 2, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Wood and coal combinations were tested at representative steam rates while boiler performance, gaseous and particulate emissions were measured. Wood and coal combinations were tested at representative steam rates while boiler performance, gaseous and particulate emissions were measured. Wood contributed up to 50% of the Btu requirements of the boilers during the tests. The Quinault-Pacific system will permit selected green mill residues to be used in place of coal at the rate of 2.5 tons of wood per ton of coal. Green wood and coal are compatible fuels. Heat provided by the coal and other combustion effects are enough to offset the effects of moisture in green wood and in some cases improve boiler performance. The combined firing of wood with coal at typical steam rates results in better flyash collection, lower emissions, improved opacity, better cinder recovery and lower steam costs.

Not Available

1980-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

483

Dear colleagues, With the first newsletter "Tackle Climate Change: Use Wood" I intended to inform you on the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from the air by trees and can thus be considered a carbon store. Increased use of wood products hence you on the excellent environmental credentials of wood and wood-based products, in particular the recognition of wood-based products as carbon stores with a positive contribution to climate change

484

Evaluation of XRF and LIBS technologies for on-line sorting of CCA-treated wood waste  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluation of XRF and LIBS technologies for on-line sorting of CCA-treated wood waste Helena M Accepted 29 September 2003 Abstract Contamination of wood waste with chromated copper arsenate greatly limits recycling opportunities for the wood waste as a whole. Separation of CCA-treated wood from other

Florida, University of

485

Remarks at the Capability Replacement Laboratory (CRL) Completion Ceremony  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at the Capability Replacement Laboratory (CRL) Completion Ceremony at the Capability Replacement Laboratory (CRL) Completion Ceremony by Deputy Administrator Anne M. Harrington | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > Media Room > Speeches > Remarks at the Capability Replacement Laboratory (CRL) ... Speech Remarks at the Capability Replacement Laboratory (CRL) Completion Ceremony

486

EA-1178: 300 Area Steam Plant Replacement, Hanford Site, Richland,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

78: 300 Area Steam Plant Replacement, Hanford Site, Richland, 78: 300 Area Steam Plant Replacement, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington EA-1178: 300 Area Steam Plant Replacement, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for a proposed energy conservation measure for a number of buildings in the 300 Area of the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site. The proposed action includes replacing the centralized heating system with heating units for individual buildings or groups of buildings, constructing new natural gas pipelines to provide a source for many of these units and constructing a central control building to operate and maintain the system. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD March 12, 1997 EA-1178: Finding of No Significant Impact

487

Water Monitoring Flume Replaced at the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Monitoring Flume Replaced at the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site Water Monitoring Flume Replaced at the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site Water Monitoring Flume Replaced at the Rocky Flats, Colorado, Site October 22, 2013 - 11:01am Addthis What does this project do? Goal 1. Protect human health and the environment In August of this year the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) Rocky Flats, site took advantage of an existing water diversion structure that was no longer needed, to replace an aging water monitoring flume and avoid future repairs that could interrupt data collection. The flume for Rocky Flats Legacy Management Agreement (RFLMA) Point of Evaluation (POE) monitoring location GS10 in South Walnut Creek was located at the bottom of fairly steep channel banks. The bank on the south side shows localized slumping and sliding toward the creek and GS10. Although

488

Laboratory Evaluation of LED T8 Replacement Lamp Products  

SciTech Connect

A report on a lab setting analysis involving LED lamps intended to directly replace T8 fluorescent lamps (4') showing light output, power, and economic comparisons with other fluorescent options.

Richman, Eric E.; Kinzey, Bruce R.; Miller, Naomi J.

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

489

Suez SNC-Lavalin Nuclear to replace US steam generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SNC-Lavalin Nuclear (USA) has signed a contract with Xcel Energy to replace the Unit #2 steam generators at the Prairie Island Nuclear Generating Plant (PINGP) in Welch, Minnesota.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Y-12 Public Warning Siren System being replaced, tested this...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4, 2012 - 1:08pm The Y-12 Public Warning Siren System (PWSS) located around the Oak Ridge area is being replaced this month with a test of the new system to follow. A private...

491

EA-0923: Winnett School District Boiler Replacement Project, Winnett, Montana  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to replace the Winnett School District complex's existing oil-fired heating system with a new coal-fired heating system with funds...

492

Washington State Department of Ecology: Replacement Wells Requiring...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecology: Replacement Wells Requiring a Water Right Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: Washington State Department of...

493

Developing a total replacement cost index for suburban office projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the components of replacement costs for office developments, and how these components combine to create total development costs is essential for success in office real estate development. Surprisingly, the ...

Hansen, David John, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Wood-Ridge, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wood-Ridge, New Jersey: Energy Resources Wood-Ridge, New Jersey: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.8456555°, -74.0879195° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.8456555,"lon":-74.0879195,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

495

Meadow Woods, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Woods, Florida: Energy Resources Woods, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 28.3855632°, -81.366459° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":28.3855632,"lon":-81.366459,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

496

Mission Woods, Kansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mission Woods, Kansas: Energy Resources Mission Woods, Kansas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.0350053°, -94.6085677° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.0350053,"lon":-94.6085677,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

497

Huntington Woods, Michigan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Woods, Michigan: Energy Resources Woods, Michigan: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 42.4805913°, -83.1668713° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.4805913,"lon":-83.1668713,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

498

Embryo collection and attempted replacement in the mare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EMBRYO COLLECTION AND ATTEMPTED REPLACEMENT IN THE MARE A Thesis by JANE SALISBURY BEACH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1983... Major Subject: Veterinary Physiology EMBRYO COLLECTION AND ATTEMPTED REPLACEMENT IN THE MARE A Thesis by JANE SALISBURY BEACH Approved as to style and content by: D. C. Kra'emer (Chairman of Committee) J. L. Kreider' (Member) J. G. Anderson...

Beach, Jane Salisbury

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

499

MEMORANDUM TO: F ROM: GREGORY H. WOODS GENERAL COUNSEL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 4, 2013 February 4, 2013 MEMORANDUM TO: F ROM: GREGORY H. WOODS GENERAL COUNSEL CHRISTOPHER A.SMITH ďż˝|=K= ACTING ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR FOSSIL ENERGY SUBJECT: Annual National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Planning Summaries for 2013 ISSUE: DOE Order 451.1B, Section 4.d, requires that an annual planning summary be prepared that briefly describes: {1) any Environmental Assessments (EAs) ongoing or expected to be

500

Gasification of Model Compounds and Wood in Hot Compressed Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Examples of wet waste streams include the following:? vegetable, fruit and garden waste; waste streams from agricultural, food and beverage industries; manure; sewage sludge; and some household wastes. ... Lignin itself is difficult to gasify and it has been observed that lignin blocks the conversion of wood's other constituents:? cellulose and hemi-cellulose. ... The raw biomass feedstock of sawdust with some CMC was also gasified in this system, the gasification efficiency in excess of 95% was reached. ...

Sascha R. A. Kersten; Biljana Potic; Wolter Prins; Wim P. M. Van Swaaij

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z