Sample records for remote sensing sciences

  1. A remote sensing observatory for hydrologic sciences: A genesis for scaling to continental hydrology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katul, Gabriel

    A remote sensing observatory for hydrologic sciences: A genesis for scaling to continental hydrology Witold F. Krajewski,1 Martha C. Anderson,2 William E. Eichinger,1 Dara Entekhabi,3 Brian K arise primarily from an inadequate understanding of the hydrological cycle: on land, in oceans

  2. ENGO 435 Remote Sensing LAB 1: INTRODUCTION TO REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habib, Ayman

    ENGO 435 ­ Remote Sensing Fall 2003 LAB 1: INTRODUCTION TO REMOTE SENSING Due: By 4:30 pm on September 30th Objectives: To familiarize you with: Remote sensing resources on the Internet. Some remote (Metadata). Part A: Remote Sensing Resources There is a wealth of remote sensing information and data

  3. Remote Sensing ENGO 435 Introduction to Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habib, Ayman

    1 Remote Sensing ENGO 435 Introduction to Remote Sensing Fall 2003 #12;2 Remote Sensing ENGO 435://www.geomatics.ucalgar.ca/~habib/courses.html #12;3 Remote Sensing ENGO 435 Grading Scheme · Lab Assignments (5 labs): (25% of Total Grade will be reduced by 10% per day for each day overdue. #12;4 Remote Sensing ENGO 435 Programming & Software

  4. Center for Remote Sensing Remote Sensing Seminar Series 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    Feili Li Center for Remote Sensing 10-20-2009 Remote Sensing Seminar Series 2009 #12;Outline for Meteorological Satellite Studies · University of South Florida - Institute for Marine Remote Sensing · Rutgers MODIS Today Real-Time Polar Remote Sensing Products #12;Software Visualization FlAniS AniS is still

  5. REMOTE SENSING OF THE ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    1 CHAPTER 1: REMOTE SENSING OF THE ENVIRONMENT REFERENCE: Remote Sensing of the Environment John R. Jensen (2007) Second Edition Pearson Prentice Hall What is Remote Sensing? #12;2 Photogrammetry ­ the art of identifying objects and judging their significance (Colwell, 1966). Remote Sensing ­ the measurement

  6. Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing #12;0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4 and x-ray Ultraviolet Infrared Microwave and radio waves Wavelength in meters (m) Electromagnetic.77 700 red limit 30k0.041 2.48 green500 near-infrared far infrared ultraviolet Thermal Infrare refers

  7. Interpreting Remote Sensing NOx Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    Interpreting Remote Sensing NOx Measurements Robert Slott, Consultant, Donald Stedman and Saj tailpipe emissions (HC, CO, NOx) are changing with time hUse remote sensing hMeasurements in at least 4 of the year at each location hUniform QC/QA and data reporting Paper # 2001-01-3640 #12;Remote Sensing

  8. Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habib, Ayman

    Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 1 Chapter 1 Introduction #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 2 Overview · Remote sensing: definition. · Remote sensing versus photogrammetry. · Elements of remote sensing. · Key;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 3 Overview · Acquisition platforms: ­ Historical overview. ­ Terrestrial

  9. Remote Sensing Laboratory - RSL

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the primary resources supporting homeland security is the Remote Sensing Laboratory, or RSL. The Laboratory creates advanced technologies for emergency response operations, radiological incident response, and other remote sensing activities. RSL emergency response teams are on call 24-hours a day, and maintain the capability to deploy domestically and internationally in response to threats involving the loss, theft, or release of nuclear or radioactive material. Such incidents might include Nuclear Power Plant accidents, terrorist incidents involving nuclear or radiological materials, NASA launches, and transportation accidents involving nuclear materials. Working with the US Department of Homeland Security, RSL personnel equip, maintain, and conduct training on the mobile detection deployment unit, to provide nuclear radiological security at major national events such as the super bowl, the Indianapolis 500, New Year's Eve celebrations, presidential inaugurations, international meetings and conferences, just about any event where large numbers of people will gather.

  10. Remote Sensing Laboratory - RSL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the primary resources supporting homeland security is the Remote Sensing Laboratory, or RSL. The Laboratory creates advanced technologies for emergency response operations, radiological incident response, and other remote sensing activities. RSL emergency response teams are on call 24-hours a day, and maintain the capability to deploy domestically and internationally in response to threats involving the loss, theft, or release of nuclear or radioactive material. Such incidents might include Nuclear Power Plant accidents, terrorist incidents involving nuclear or radiological materials, NASA launches, and transportation accidents involving nuclear materials. Working with the US Department of Homeland Security, RSL personnel equip, maintain, and conduct training on the mobile detection deployment unit, to provide nuclear radiological security at major national events such as the super bowl, the Indianapolis 500, New Year's Eve celebrations, presidential inaugurations, international meetings and conferences, just about any event where large numbers of people will gather.

  11. Remote Sensing Applications for Sustainable Aquaculture in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Wen

    Remote Sensing Applications for Sustainable Aquaculture in Africa Joseph E. Quansah1 , Gilbert L of the science with respect to remote sensing applications for aquaculture, including site location, aquaculture for multi-sensor remote sensing deployment to support sustainable fish production in these environments

  12. Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib Image Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habib, Ayman

    1 Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 1 Chapter 6 Image Classification Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 2. ­ Unsupervised classification. · Accuracy assessment. #12;2 Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 3 Image Classification of image pixels is based on their digital numbers/grey values in one or more spectral bands. Remote Sensing

  13. Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib Radiometric Processing of Remote Sensing Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habib, Ayman

    Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 1 Chapter 4 Radiometric Processing of Remote Sensing Data #12;Remote. · Noise removal. · Point and edge detection. ­ Frequency domain. #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 3 Radiometric Calibration #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 4 Recorded Digital Numbers (DN) · Recorded grey

  14. INTERVAL METHODS IN REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Karen

    INTERVAL METHODS IN REMOTE SENSING: RELIABLE SUB­DIVISION OF GEOLOGICAL AREAS David D. Coblentz, G of the locations which weren't that thoroughly analyzed. 1 #12; 2 The subdivision of a geological zone TOPOGRAPHIC INFORMATION One reason for subjectivity of the geological subdivision is the fact

  15. Remote Sensing for Water Quality Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remote Sensing for Water Quality Applications #12;Objective Give a brief update on GEO Inland and Nearshore Coastal Water Quality Remote Sensing Workshop (GEO Work Task WA-06-01)) Held in Geneva and Nearshore Coastal Water Quality Remote Sensing Workshop (GEO Work Task WA-06-01)) Organizing committee

  16. Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib Electro-Magnetic Radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habib, Ayman

    Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 1 Chapter 2 Electro-Magnetic Radiation #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 2 Elements of Remote Sensing #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 3 Chapter 2 Radiation: nature & source #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 4 Chapter 2 Interaction with the atmosphere #12;Remote Sensing

  17. Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib Electro-Magnetic Radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habib, Ayman

    Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 1 Chapter 2 Electro-Magnetic Radiation Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 2 Elements of Remote Sensing #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 3 Chapter 2 Radiation: nature & source Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 4 Chapter 2 Interaction with the atmosphere #12;Remote Sensing Ayman

  18. 10 January 2009 PHOTOGRAMMETRIC ENGINEERING & REMOTE SENSING High Performance Computing in Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plaza, Antonio J.

    10 January 2009 PHOTOGRAMMETRIC ENGINEERING & REMOTE SENSING High Performance Computing in Remote Book ReviewBook Review High Performance Computing in Remote Sensing introduces the most recent advances in the incorporation of the high-performance computing (HPC) paradigm in remote sensing missions. Eighteen well

  19. availiable remote sensing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Remote SensingThermal Infrared Remote Sensing Thermal infrared) and thermal infrared energy (3.0 - 14 m). However, thermal infrared sensors allow humans to sense 2 Thermal...

  20. aerospace remote sensing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Remote SensingThermal Infrared Remote Sensing Thermal infrared) and thermal infrared energy (3.0 - 14 m). However, thermal infrared sensors allow humans to sense 2 Thermal...

  1. Vehicle Tracking Through the Exploitation of Remote Sensing and LWIR Polarization Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krim, Hamid

    , polarimetric, infrared, tracking, feature-aided, fusion, multi- sensor 1. INTRODUCTION Polarimetry information. Particularly, a video sequence is evaluated in the layered sensing framework. The target area is surveyed by two sensors operating across two different modalities: a LWIR polarized sensor and a LWIR sensor. We

  2. Sandia National Laboratories: remote sensing devices

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    remote sensing devices Sandia, Endicott Interconnect Technologies, EMCORE, International Micro Industries, NREL, Universal Instruments: Solar Glitter On March 21, 2013, in...

  3. Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib Image Registration & Rectification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habib, Ayman

    Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 1 Chapter 5 Image Registration & Rectification #12;Remote Sensing: Resampling techniques. #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 3 Image Registration #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F be integrated/fused. Object Space Left Image Right Image Image Registration: Objective #12;Remote Sensing Ayman

  4. Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib Image Registration & Rectification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habib, Ayman

    1 Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 1 Chapter 5 Image Registration & Rectification Remote Sensing Ayman: Resampling techniques. #12;2 Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 3 Image Registration Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib be integrated/fused. Object Space Left Image Right Image Image Registration: Objective #12;3 Remote Sensing

  5. Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib Data Acquisition Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habib, Ayman

    Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 1 Chapter 3 Data Acquisition Systems #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. ­ Electro-mechanical scanners. #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 3 Overview · LIDAR operational principles for recognition and classification purposes. #12;Remote Sensing Ayman F. Habib 4 Remote Sensing Systems Utilized

  6. atmospheric remote sensing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Infrared Remote SensingThermal Infrared Remote Sensing Thermal infrared) and thermal infrared energy (3.0 - 14 m). However, thermal infrared sensors allow humans to...

  7. CHAPTER 12:CHAPTER 12: Remote Sensing ofRemote Sensing of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    - and middle-infrared regions, water bodies appear very dark even black becausebodies appear very dark, even and pure and contains little suspended sediment or organic matter. Water Penetration Cozumel Island1 CHAPTER 12:CHAPTER 12: Remote Sensing ofRemote Sensing of WaterWaterWaterWater REFERENCE: Remote

  8. Satellite remote sensing for hydrology and water management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barrett, E.C.; Power, C.H. (Univ. of Bristol (GB)); Micallef, A. (Univ. of Malta, Valletta (IT)); Voute, C. (International Inst. for Aerospace Survey and Earth Sciences, Enschede (NL))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interest in satellite remote sensing is fast moving away from pure science and individual case studies towards truly operational applications. At the same time the micro-computer revolution is ensuring that data reception and processing facilities need no longer be the preserve of a small number of global centers, but can be common-place installations in smaller countries and even local regional agency offices or laboratories. As remote sensing matures, and its applications proliferate, a new type of treatment is required to ensure both that decision makers, managers and engineers with problems to solve are informed of today's opportunities and that scientists are provided with integrated overviews of the ever-growing need for their services. This book addresses these needs uniquely focusing on the area bounded by satellite remote sensing, pure and applied hydrological sciences, and a specific world region, namely the Mediterranean basin.

  9. 1999 IEEE international geoscience and remote sensing symposium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The theme of IGARSS'99, ``Remote Sensing of the System Earth--A Challenge for the 21st Century,'' shows how earth observation based on satellite remote sensing can significantly contribute to the future study of the environment and the changes it is undergoing, whether from natural causes or human activities. The wide range of topics offers an interdisciplinary approach and suggests integrated techniques and theory in remote sensing are essential for modeling and understanding the environment. Topics covered include: new instrumentation and future systems; high resolution SAR/InSAR; earth system science educational initiative; data fusion; radar sensing of ice sheets; image processing techniques; clouds and ice particles; internal waves; natural hazards and disaster monitoring; advanced passive and active sensors and sensor calibration; radar assessment of rain, oil spills and natural slicks; data standards and distribution; and vegetation monitoring using BRDF approaches.

  10. Workshop: Avanos em Sensoriamento Remoto da Agricultura (Advances in Remote Sensing of Agriculture) Coordenador: Clement Atzberger (University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, BOKU, Vienna, Austria)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Workshop: Avanços em Sensoriamento Remoto da Agricultura (Advances in Remote Sensing of Agriculture of current remote sensing techniques in agricultural applications at local to global scale, ranging from, Austria) 09:10 Estimates of Canopy Characteristics from Local to Global Scales for Agricultural

  11. Can remote sensing of land cover improve species distribution modelling?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradley, Bethany

    COMMENTARY Can remote sensing of land cover improve species distribution modelling? Remote sensing- guish among broad classes of vegetation. However, the applicability of remote sensing to classification like from remote sensing ­ a map of tree species ­ and what can be delivered ­ a map of forest types

  12. applied remote sensing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing 12;0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4 Infrared Remote SensingThermal Infrared Remote SensingThermal Infrared...

  13. Remote sensing, imaging, and signal engineering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brase, J.M.

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the Remote Sensing, Imaging, and Signal Engineering (RISE) trust area which has been very active in working to define new directions. Signal and image processing have always been important support for existing programs at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), but now these technologies are becoming central to the formation of new programs. Exciting new applications such as high-resolution telescopes, radar remote sensing, and advanced medical imaging are allowing us to participate in the development of new programs.

  14. 2007 Urban Remote Sensing Joint Event Application of satellite Remote Sensing for Urban

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2007 Urban Remote Sensing Joint Event Application of satellite Remote Sensing for Urban Risk Analysis: a case study of the 2003 extreme heat wave in Paris Bénédicte Dousset Hawaii Institute@ogs.trieste.it Abstract ­ Satellite observations are used to monitor the August 2003 heat wave in Paris

  15. Nanotechnology-Based Trusted Remote Sensing James B. Wendt and Miodrag Potkonjak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potkonjak, Miodrag

    Nanotechnology-Based Trusted Remote Sensing James B. Wendt and Miodrag Potkonjak Computer Science nanotechnology PPUF-based architecture for trusted remote sensing. Current public physical unclonable function the authentication process. Our novel nanotechnology- based architecture ensures fast authentication through partial

  16. Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 2529-2551; doi:10.3390/rs3112529 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 2529-2551; doi:10.3390/rs3112529 Remote Sensing ISSN 2072-4292 www.mdpi.com/journal/remotesensing Article Multispectral Remote Sensing from Unmanned Aircraft: Image Processing Workflows and Applications Abstract: Using unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) as remote sensing platforms offers the unique ability

  17. Remote Sens. 2009, 1, 519-533; doi:10.3390/rs1030519 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Lee

    Remote Sens. 2009, 1, 519-533; doi:10.3390/rs1030519 Remote Sensing ISSN 2072-4292 www of Remotely Sensed Data Paul H. Evangelista 1, *, Thomas J. Stohlgren 2 , Jeffrey T. Morisette 2 and Sunil model (Maxent) for its application and performance in remotely sensing invasive Tamarix sp. Six Landsat

  18. Remote sensing of terrestrial tropospheric aerosols from aircraft and satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remote sensing of terrestrial tropospheric aerosols from aircraft and satellites M I Mishchenko1 instruments suitable for aerosol remote sensing and give examples of aerosol retrievals obtained forcing directly by absorbing and reflecting sunlight, thereby cooling or heating the atmosphere

  19. REFERENCE: Introduction to Remote Sensing. James B.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    -viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) Advance Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Synthetic Temperature #12;ACTIVE REMOTE SENSING The sensor illuminates the terrain with its own energy, then records the reflected energy as it has been altered by the earth's surface. #12;SIDE-LOOKING AIRBORNE RADAR SLAR #12

  20. Remote Sensing R. E. Mcintosh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection Technical s o Freiberge s 3 c/) ReleaseRemote Access

  1. Remote Sensing Data and Information for Hydrological Monitoring and Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krakauer, Nir Y.

    1 Remote Sensing Data and Information for Hydrological Monitoring and Modeling Reza Khanbilvardi Springs, MD, USA 1 Introduction Remote sensing data and information are shown great potential in supplying measurements, remote sensing based measurements are spatially averages over the pixels can appropriate

  2. Remote Sensing in Support of Multilateral Environmental Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Remote Sensing in Support of Multilateral Environmental Agreements Alex de Sherbinin CIESIN, from 172 in 1970 to more than 475 today · the sophistication of remote sensing and geospatial sets · the number of global and regional initiatives attempting to apply remote sensing (RS

  3. Remote Sensing Messungen zur on-road Bestimmung der

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    LUBETRAX Remote Sensing Messungen zur on-road Bestimmung der Abgase von schweren Motorfahrzeugen, Chur, Zürich, Brugg Dr. Peter Maly (Projektleitung) Dr. Stefan Scherer Dr. G.A. Bishop (Remote Sensing;Inhaltsverzeichnis Zusammenfassung 1 1. Einleitung und Zielsetzung 3 1.1 Remote Sensing Messungen (FEAT) 4 1

  4. Remote Sensing of Natural Areas: Procedures and Considerations for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Remote Sensing of Natural Areas: Procedures and Considerations for Assessing Stress and Pollution Jason Goldberg, James Perry, and John Anderson Coastal Ecosystems and Remote Sensing Program Introduction Remote sensing can be defined as the acquisi- tion and measurement of data/information on some

  5. Remote Sensing of Western-Caribbean Coral Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    Remote Sensing of Western-Caribbean Coral Communities Introduction: Despite the fact that coral. Remote sensing has been suggested as a potential tool for monitoring the spatial extent, health the Spectral Reflectance of Corals In-Situ. GIScience and Remote Sensing. Maeder, J., Narumalani, S., Rundquist

  6. Synergistic Use of Remote Sensing for Snow Cover and Snow Water Equivalent Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krakauer, Nir Y.

    14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 #12;Snow is a key component of Earth's energy balance, climate NOAA-Cooperative Remote Sensing Science and Technology Center (NOAA-CREST), City College of New York

  7. Techniques for remotely sensing watershed runoff potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Jerry Don

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Techniques for Remotely Sensing Watershed Runoff Potential. (August 1978) Jerry Don Walker, B. S. , Texas ASM University Directed by: Dr. Bruce J. Blanchard The Soil Conservation Service runoff equation is widely used for predicting the watershed runoff... cases, no outflow occurs through the spillway of an overdes1gned structure. Since evaporation losses are high 1n these areas, the salinity of the water stored in the structure gradually increases with time. With insufficient flow through...

  8. Remote Sensing for Biodiversity Conservation of the Albertine Rift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Y.Q. "Yeqiao"

    183 10 Remote Sensing for Biodiversity Conservation of the Albertine Rift in Eastern Africa Samuel 2003). The rapidly developing field of remote sensing has been invaluable to biodiversity conservation distribution depend (Debinski et al. 1999). The field of remote sens- ing complements traditional field

  9. UAS remote sensing missions for rangeland applications Andrea S. Lalibertea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UAS remote sensing missions for rangeland applications Andrea S. Lalibertea *, Craig Wintersb surface, are in remote areas and have low population densities, all of which provide an ideal opportunity for remote sensing applications from unmanned aircraft systems (UAS). In this article, we describe a proven

  10. Geothermal Exploration Using Aviris Remote Sensing Data Over...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Aviris Remote Sensing Data Over Fish Lake Valley, Nv Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Geothermal Exploration Using Aviris Remote...

  11. EAST TEXAS FOREST INVENTORY (ETFI) PILOT PROJECT REMOTE SENSING PHASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, I-Kuai

    EAST TEXAS FOREST INVENTORY (ETFI) PILOT PROJECT REMOTE SENSING PHASE Dr. Daniel R. Unger, Remote) or the United States Forest Service (USFS) via the Southern Forest Inventory and Analysis Program (SFIA

  12. Space and Remote Sensing (ISR-2)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9MorganYouofSolvingexplore2 Space and Remote Sensing

  13. Use Remote Sensing Data (selected visible and infrared spectrums...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Use Remote Sensing Data (selected visible and infrared spectrums) to locate high temperature ground anomalies in Colorado. Confirm heat flow potential with on-site surveys to drill...

  14. Use Remote Sensing Data (selected visible and infrared spectrums...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    City - May 19, 2010 * Project Title - "Use Remote Sensing Data (selected visible and infrared spectrums) to locate high temperature ground anomalies in Colorado. Confirm heat flow...

  15. Method of determining forest production from remotely sensed forest parameters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Corey, J.C.; Mackey, H.E. Jr.

    1987-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of determining forest production entirely from remotely sensed data in which remotely sensed multispectral scanner (MSS) data on forest 5 composition is combined with remotely sensed radar imaging data on forest stand biophysical parameters to provide a measure of forest production. A high correlation has been found to exist between the remotely sensed radar imaging data and on site measurements of biophysical 10 parameters such as stand height, diameter at breast height, total tree height, mean area per tree, and timber stand volume.

  16. Microsoft Word - GHGT11_Litynski_Remote Sensing.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Litynski et al. Energy Procedia 00 (2012) 000-000 Keywords: DOE, NETL, Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships, Remote Sensing, Surface Displacement, Passive Scanner,...

  17. Remote shock sensing and notification system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Muralidharan, Govindarajan (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Britton, Charles L. (Alcoa, TN) [Alcoa, TN; Pearce, James (Lenoir City, TN) [Lenoir City, TN; Jagadish, Usha (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Sikka, Vinod K. (Oak Ridge, TN) [Oak Ridge, TN

    2010-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A low-power shock sensing system includes at least one shock sensor physically coupled to a chemical storage tank to be monitored for impacts, and an RF transmitter which is in a low-power idle state in the absence of a triggering signal. The system includes interface circuitry including or activated by the shock sensor, wherein an output of the interface circuitry is coupled to an input of the RF transmitter. The interface circuitry triggers the RF transmitter with the triggering signal to transmit an alarm message to at least one remote location when the sensor senses a shock greater than a predetermined threshold. In one embodiment the shock sensor is a shock switch which provides an open and a closed state, the open state being a low power idle state.

  18. Remote shock sensing and notification system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Muralidharan, Govindarajan (Knoxville, TN); Britton, Charles L. (Alcoa, TN); Pearce, James (Lenoir City, TN); Jagadish, Usha (Knoxville, TN); Sikka, Vinod K. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A low-power shock sensing system includes at least one shock sensor physically coupled to a chemical storage tank to be monitored for impacts, and an RF transmitter which is in a low-power idle state in the absence of a triggering signal. The system includes interference circuitry including or activated by the shock sensor, wherein an output of the interface circuitry is coupled to an input of the RF transmitter. The interface circuitry triggers the RF transmitting with the triggering signal to transmit an alarm message to at least one remote location when the sensor senses a shock greater than a predetermined threshold. In one embodiment the shock sensor is a shock switch which provides an open and a closed state, the open state being a low power idle state.

  19. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 1484-1497; doi:10.3390/rs5031484 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 1484-1497; doi:10.3390/rs5031484 Remote Sensing ISSN 2072-4292 www.mdpi.com/journal and the Community Land Model version 4 (CLM4), we investigated percent changes and controlling factors of global vegetation growth for the period 1982 to 2009. Over that 28-year period, both the remote-sensing estimate

  20. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 2857-2882; doi:10.3390/rs5062857 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 2857-2882; doi:10.3390/rs5062857 Remote Sensing ISSN 2072-4292 www.mdpi.com/journal/remotesensing Article Evaluation of CLM4 Solar Radiation Partitioning Scheme Using Remote Sensing and Site Level FPAR.e., that of the Community Land Model version 4 (CLM4) with coupled carbon and nitrogen cycles. Taking advantage of a unique

  1. Ecological applications of remote sensing data in neotropical rainforests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pape?, Monica

    2009-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    and type parameter, to address diverse challenges (Cayuela et al. 2006; Ferreira de Siqueira et al. 2009; Osborne et al. 2001; Osborne and Su?rez-Seoane 2007; Peterson et al. 2005; Roura-Pascual et al. 2004; Sarasola et al. 2008); more recently, Leaf...-Biological Sciences, 271, 2527-2534 S?nchez-Azofeifa, G.A., Harriss, R.C., & Skole, D.L. (2001). Deforestation in Costa Rica: Quantitative analysis using remote sensing imagery. Biotropica, 33, 378-384 Sarasola, J.H., Bustamante, J., Negro, J.J., & Travaini, A...

  2. int. j. remote sensing, 1999, vol. 20, no. 17, 3281 3291 A remote sensing and GIS-based model of habitats and biodiversity in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debinski, Diane M.

    int. j. remote sensing, 1999, vol. 20, no. 17, 3281± 3291 A remote sensing and GIS-based model, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66047, USA and §Kansas Applied Remote Sensing (KARS) Program, 2291 Irving 31 May 1998) Abstract. We used remotely sensed data and geographical information systems (GIS

  3. Cloud vertical distribution from radiosonde, remote sensing, and model simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Zhanqing

    Cloud vertical distribution from radiosonde, remote sensing, and model simulations Jinqiang Zhang's radiation budget and atmospheric adiabatic heating. Yet it is among the most difficult quantities to observe Great Plains and along with ground- based and space-borne remote sensing products, use it to evaluate

  4. Novel Artificial Neural Networks For Remote-Sensing Data Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel, Howard E.

    Novel Artificial Neural Networks For Remote-Sensing Data Classification Xiaoli Tao* and Howard E artificial neural network architectures applied to multi-class classification problems of remote-sensing data. These approaches are 1) a spiking-neural-network model for the partitioning of data into clusters, and 2) a neuron

  5. Mobile and remote inertial sensing with atom interferometers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Mobile and remote inertial sensing with atom interferometers B. Barrett, P.-A. Gominet, E. Cantin for equivalence principle tests. We also discuss fu- ture applications of this technology, such as remote sensing on laser-cooling and trapping neutral atoms [6, 7, 8, 9, 10] which eventually led to two nobel prizes

  6. Real-time Remote Sensing of Snowmobiles Emissions at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    Real-time Remote Sensing of Snowmobiles Emissions at Yellowstone National Park: An Oxygenated Fuel 68509 #12;Real-time Remote Sensing of Snowmobile Emissions at Yellowstone National Park 2 Executive emissions from snowmobiles. Ratios of CO, HC and toluene to CO2 were measured and used to calculate %CO, %HC

  7. Remotely sensed mesoscale oceanography and the distribution of Illex argentinus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Graham

    Remotely sensed mesoscale oceanography and the distribution of Illex argentinus in the South consider the in¯uence of mesoscale oceanographic processes around the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas remotely sensed satellite images were used as an indicator of mesoscale oceanographic activity and compared

  8. Method to analyze remotely sensed spectral data

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stork, Christopher L. (Albuquerque, NM); Van Benthem, Mark H. (Middletown, DE)

    2009-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A fast and rigorous multivariate curve resolution (MCR) algorithm is applied to remotely sensed spectral data. The algorithm is applicable in the solar-reflective spectral region, comprising the visible to the shortwave infrared (ranging from approximately 0.4 to 2.5 .mu.m), midwave infrared, and thermal emission spectral region, comprising the thermal infrared (ranging from approximately 8 to 15 .mu.m). For example, employing minimal a priori knowledge, notably non-negativity constraints on the extracted endmember profiles and a constant abundance constraint for the atmospheric upwelling component, MCR can be used to successfully compensate thermal infrared hyperspectral images for atmospheric upwelling and, thereby, transmittance effects. Further, MCR can accurately estimate the relative spectral absorption coefficients and thermal contrast distribution of a gas plume component near the minimum detectable quantity.

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive remote-sensing techniques Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 3 4 5 > >> 1 10 January 2009 PHOTOGRAMMETRIC ENGINEERING & REMOTE SENSING High Performance Computing in Remote Sensing Summary: power. Part Two describes a compendium of...

  10. Remote Chemical Sensing Using Quantum Cascade Lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harper, Warren W.; Schultz, John F.

    2003-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Spectroscopic chemical sensing research at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is focused on developing advanced sensors for detecting the production of nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons; use of chemical weapons; or the presence of explosives, firearms, narcotics, or other contraband of significance to homeland security in airports, cargo terminals, public buildings, or other sensitive locations. For most of these missions, the signature chemicals are expected to occur in very low concentrations, and in mixture with ambient air or airborne waste streams that contain large numbers of other species that may interfere with spectroscopic detection, or be mistaken for signatures of illicit activity. PNNL’s emphasis is therefore on developing remote and sampling sensors with extreme sensitivity, and resistance to interferents, or selectivity. PNNL’s research activities include: 1. Identification of signature chemicals and quantification of their spectral characteristics, 2. Identification and development of laser and other technologies that enable breakthroughs in sensitivity and selectivity, 3. Development of promising sensing techniques through experimentation and modeling the physical phenomenology and practical engineering limitations affecting their performance, and 4. Development and testing of data collection methods and analysis algorithms. Close coordination of all aspects of the research is important to ensure that all parts are focused on productive avenues of investigation. Close coordination of experimental development and numerical modeling is particularly important because the theoretical component provides understanding and predictive capability, while the experiments validate calculations and ensure that all phenomena and engineering limitations are considered.

  11. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 5969-5998; doi:10.3390/rs5115969 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, Ian

    Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 5969-5998; doi:10.3390/rs5115969 Remote Sensing ISSN 2072-4292 www, the technique presented in this paper would help them to quantify the impacts of OPEN ACCESS #12;Remote Sens; urban heat island effect; NDVI; artificial neural network; Markov chain; Dhaka 1. Introduction Urban

  12. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 5173-5192; doi:10.3390/rs5105173 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Scott L.

    Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 5173-5192; doi:10.3390/rs5105173 Remote Sensing ISSN 2072-4292 www for a geosynchronous OPEN ACCESS #12;Remote Sens. 2013, 5 5174 satellite with modern imaging detectors, software, and algorithms able to detect heat from early and small fires, and yield minute-scale detection times. Keywords

  13. An Integrated Mapping And Remote Sensing Investigation Of The...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Remote Sensing Investigation Of The Structural Control For Fumarole Location In The Eburru Volcanic Complex, Kenya Rift Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to...

  14. Soil moisture modeling and scaling using passive microwave remote sensing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Narendra N.

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    across spatial scales; accounting uncertainties in forcing data; and preserving interactions for spatially correlated pixels. The second study focused on spatial scaling properties of the Polarimetric Scanning Radiometer (PSR)-based remotely sensed...

  15. Measuring Greenland Glacier Dynamics with Remotely Sensed Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foga, Steve

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Measuring Greenland Glacier Dynamics with Remotely Sensed Data Steve Foga University of Kansas, Geography M.A. Student Photo by: Phil Pasquini The importance of studying glacier ice Study area Difference in ice velocity of Helheim Glacier...

  16. Remote Sensing Technology Center of Japan (RESTEC) Collaborative Research and Training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remote Sensing Technology Center of Japan (RESTEC) Collaborative Research and Training of Remote Sensing Technology August 2010 Kyoichi Ito Deputy General Manager Applications and Services Dept. Remote Sensing Technology Center of Japan (RESTEC) #12;Remote Sensing Technology Center of Japan (RESTEC

  17. Remote sensing of the coastal zone: an overview and priorities for future research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remote sensing of the coastal zone: an overview and priorities for future research TIM J. MALTHUS of the International Journal of Remote Sensing on Remote Sensing of the Coastal Marine Environment to highlight recent advances in knowledge of remote sensing of the coastal zone and to define a series of priorities where

  18. acoustic remote sensing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sensing Geosciences Websites Summary: Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing 12;0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 violet limit blue green limitAerial Photograph 12;Thermal Infrared...

  19. 3 July 2003 HIRES3D -ITC Research Seminar -Robert Hack 1 HIGH RESOLUTION REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hack, Robert

    3 July 2003 HIRES3D - ITC Research Seminar - Robert Hack 1 HIRES3D HIGH RESOLUTION REMOTE SENSING FOR 3D GROUND MODELING AND CLASSIFICATION ITC Research Seminar, 3 July 2003 Robert Hack International Institute for Geoinformation Sciences and Earth Observation (ITC) #12;3 July 2003 HIRES3D - ITC Research

  20. Remote Sensing of Changing Cryosphere, LandIce and Snow -Workshop of the European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories (EARSeL),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zahn, Matthias

    Remote Sensing of Changing Cryosphere, LandIce and Snow - Workshop of the European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories (EARSeL), Bern, Switzerland, 11-13 February 2008 Page 1 Potential and limits Max-Planck Institute of Meteorology, Germany #12;Remote Sensing of Changing Cryosphere, Land

  1. Remote sensing for wind power potential: a prospector's handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wade, J.E.; Maule, P.A.; Bodvarsson, G.; Rosenfeld, C.L.; Woolley, S.G.; McClenahan, M.R.

    1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Remote sensing can aid in identifying and locating indicators of wind power potential from the terrestrial, marine, and atmospheric environments (i.e.: wind-deformed trees, white caps, and areas of thermal flux). It is not considered as a tool for determining wind power potential. A wide variety of remotely sensed evidence is described in terms of the scale at which evidence of wind power can be identified, and the appropriate remote sensors for finding such evidence. Remote sensing can be used for regional area prospecting using small-scale imagery. The information from such small-scale imagery is most often qualitative, and if it is transitory, examination of a number of images to verify presistence of the feature may be required. However, this evidence will allow rapid screening of a large area. Medium-scale imagery provides a better picture of the evidence obtained from small-scale imagery. At this level it is best to use existing imagery. Criteria relating to land use, accessibility, and proximity of candidate sites to nearby transmission lines can also be effectively evaluated from medium-scale imagery. Large-scale imagery provides the most quantitative evidence of the strength of wind. Wind-deformed trees can be identified at a large number of sites using only a few hours in locally chartered aircraft. A handheld 35mm camera can adequately document any evidence of wind. Three case studies that employ remote sensing prospecting techniques are described. Based on remotely sensed evidence, the wind power potential in three geographically and climatically diverse areas of the United States is estimated, and the estimates are compared to actual wind data in those regions. In addition, the cost of each survey is discussed. The results indicate that remote sensing for wind power potential is a quick, cost effective, and fairly reliable method for screening large areas for wind power potential.

  2. Remote sensing at the Speer off ramp, Denver, CO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slott, R. [Shell Oil Co., Houston, TX (United States)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Remote sensing under controlled driving conditions predicts failed FTP CO and HC emissions similarly to the IM240 test. Careful selection of on-road, remote sensing measurement sites can constrain driving modes. At one such site, the Speer Boulevard I-25 off ramp in Denver, Don Stedman and his co-workers made remote sensing measurements from 1989 to 1995. Studies were performed during five of these seven years. This talk will discuss the results of these studies including (1) the relative importance of new vehicle technology and vehicle deterioration for on-road Co emissions, and (2) an early estimate of additional on-road HC and CO emission reductions from Denver`s Enhanced I/M program.

  3. Space and Remote Sensing (ISR-2)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    performance assessment, anomaly resolution, support of electro-magnetic pulse (EMP) sensor missions Science: ionospheric propagation and effects, lightning science Designing...

  4. Hierarchical Remote Sensing Image Analysis via Graph Laplacian Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Jun

    1 Hierarchical Remote Sensing Image Analysis via Graph Laplacian Energy Zhang Huigang, Bai Xiao for an efficient image description, which may cause increased computational complexity. In this paper, we propose a new hierarchical segmentation method that applies graph Laplacian energy as a generic measure

  5. TECHNICAL PAPER Multispecies remote sensing measurements of vehicle emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    TECHNICAL PAPER Multispecies remote sensing measurements of vehicle emissions on Sherman Way in Van emissions from nearly 13,000 vehicles on Sherman Way (0.4 miles west of the tunnel) in Van Nuys, California emissions are increasingly dominated by a few gross emitters, with more than a third of the total emissions

  6. Offshore wind profile measurements from remote sensing instruments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Offshore wind profile measurements from remote sensing instruments Ioannis Antoniou (1) , Hans E) have been mounted on top of a transformer platform situated offshore close to the Nysted wind farm offshore wind energy potential depends greatly on the ability to make offshore windfarms economically

  7. MACHINE LEARNING IN REMOTE SENSING DATA PROCESSING Gustavo Camps-Valls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camps-Valls, Gustavo

    MACHINE LEARNING IN REMOTE SENSING DATA PROCESSING Gustavo Camps-Valls Image Processing Laboratory gustavo.camps@uv.es, http://www.uv.es/gcamps ABSTRACT Remote sensing data processing deals with real prediction from remotely sensed multispectral or radar images have a great impact on eco- nomical

  8. REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUES FOR LAND USE CLASSIFICATION OF RIO JAUCA WATERSHED USING IKONOS IMAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUES FOR LAND USE CLASSIFICATION OF RIO JAUCA WATERSHED USING IKONOS IMAGES-Mayagüez E-mail: edwinmm80@yahoo.com Key words: GIS, remote sensing, land use, supervised classification resource and supplies water to the metropolitan area. Remote sensing techniques can be used to assess

  9. REMOTE SENSING (SUR 4380) Instructor: Scot E. Smith, Professor, Geomatics Program, School of Forest Resources and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    REMOTE SENSING (SUR 4380) Instructor: Scot E. Smith, Professor, Geomatics Program, School of Forest:00-3:00 MWF Text: Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation by Lillesand, Kiefer and Chipman, 6th ed, Wiley and Sons, 2008. Course website: \\\\ad.ufl.edu\\ifas\\SFRC\\Private\\Geomatics\\Courses Topics: Remote sensing

  10. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the LaBrea Area: Year 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the LaBrea Area: Year 2 Mitchell J. Williams 140 Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions compared to the standard error of the mean measurements. #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions

  11. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 2 Sajal S. Pokharel, Gary Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions when the measurements were binned by model year. #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions

  12. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 6,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 6, January 2007 Gary A 80208 June 2007 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 6 1-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 6 2 INTRODUCTION Many cities

  13. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 5,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 5, January 2005 Gary A, Suite 140 Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-9 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile campaigns.13 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 5 2 INTRODUCTION

  14. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 3 Sajal S. Pokharel, Gary Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions a slight negative dependence on #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area

  15. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 5,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 5, November 2004 Gary A, Suite 140 Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-9 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile campaigns.14 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 5 2 INTRODUCTION

  16. Remote Chemical Sensing Using Quantum Cascade Lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harper, Warren W.; Strasburg, Jana D.; Aker, Pam M.; Schultz, John F.

    2004-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Research done by the IR sensors team at PNNL is focused on developing advanced spectroscopic methods for detecting signatures of nuclear, chemical, biological and explosives weapons or weapons production. The sensors we develop fall into two categories: remote sensors that can be operated at distances ranging from 150 m to 10 km, and point sensors that are used for in-situ inspection and detection. FY03 has seen an explosion in FM DIAL progress with the net result being solid confirmation that FM DIAL is a technique capable of remote chemical monitoring in a wide variety of venues. For example, FM DIAL was used to detect a small plume of hydrogen sulfide, a candidate CW agent, released in the desert environment of the Hanford 200 Area site. These experiments were conducted over a range of physical conditions including outside temperatures ranging from 70 F to 105 F and turbulence conditions ranging from quiescent to chaotic. We are now rapidly developing the information needed to design prototype FM DIAL systems that are optimized for specific applications that include scenarios such as fixed position stand-off detection and mobile UAV mounted remote monitoring. Just as an example, in FY04 we will use FM DIAL to detect both in-facility and outdoor release of enriched UF6. The rapid progress in FM DIAL research made in FY03 is attributed to several advances. First, final construction of a custom-designed trailer allowed the instrument to be housed in a mobile temperature-controlled environment. This allowed the experiment to be transported to several locations so that data could be collected under a range of physical conditions. This has led to a better understanding of a variety of experimental noise sources. With this knowledge, we have been able to implement several changes in the way the FM DIAL data is collected and processed, with the net result being a drastic improvement in our confidence of analyte concentration measurement and an improvement i n the instrument detection limit. The range of chemicals detectable by FM DIAL has also been extended. Prior to FY03 only water and nitrous oxide (N2O) had been seen. Experiments on extending the tuning range of the quantum cascade laser (QCL) currently used in the experiments demonstrate that many more species are now accessible including H2S, C2F4H2, and CH4. We additionally demonstrated that FM DIAL measurements can be made using short wave infrared (SWIR) telecommunications lasers. While measurements made using these components are noisier because turbulence and particulate matter cause more interference in this spectral region, monitoring in this region enables larger species to be detected simply because these lasers have a greater tuning range. In addition, SWIR monitoring also allows for the detection of second-row hydride species such as HF and HCl, which are important nuclear and CWA proliferation signatures.

  17. Remotely Sensed Thermal Anomalies in western Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussein, Khalid

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Citation Information: Originator: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Publication Date: 2012 Title: Landsat Thermal Anomalies Western Edition: First Publication Information: Publication Place: Earth Science & Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), University of Colorado, Boulder Publisher: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Description: This layer contains the areas identified as areas of anomalous surface temperature from Landsat satellite imagery in Western Colorado. Data was obtained for two different dates. The digital numbers of each Landsat scene were converted to radiance and the temperature was calculated in degrees Kelvin and then converted to degrees Celsius for each land cover type using the emissivity of that cover type. And this process was repeated for each of the land cover types (open water, barren, deciduous forest and evergreen forest, mixed forest, shrub/scrub, grassland/herbaceous, pasture hay, and cultivated crops). The temperature of each pixel within each scene was calculated using the thermal band. In order to calculate the temperature an average emissivity value was used for each land cover type within each scene. The NLCD 2001 land cover classification raster data of the zones that cover Colorado were downloaded from USGS site and used to identify the land cover types within each scene. Areas that had temperature residual greater than 2?, and areas with temperature equal to 1? to 2?, were considered Landsat modeled very warm and warm surface exposures (thermal anomalies), respectively Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4546381.234113 m Left: 140556.857021 m Right: 573390.000000 m Bottom: 4094583.641581 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Contact Person: Khalid Hussein Address: CIRES, Ekeley Building Earth Science & Observation Center (ESOC) 216 UCB City: Boulder State: CO Postal Code: 80309-0216 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 303-492-6782 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System ’1984 (WGS ’1984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file

  18. NASA Remote Sensing Validation Data: Saudi Arabia

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Myers, Daryl R. [NREL; Al-Abbadi, Naif [King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Energy Research Institite; Wilcox, Steve [NREL

    Since 1995, the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have co-operated to establish a 12 station network of high quality solar radiation monitoring installations across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. NREL and KACST realized the value of accurate surface solar radiation flux measurements for validation of satellite derived surface and atmospheric solar radiation flux measurements, and is making this data available to support validation of satellite data products related to the NASA Mission to Planet Earth component of the Earth Science Enterprise Earth Observing System (EOS) project to evaluate long term climate trends based on measuements from EOS Terra Platforms. A CIMEL 8 channel sunphotometer for measuring aerosol optical depth at 6 wavelengths and total column water has been deployed at the Solar Village station since February 24, 1999. [Taken from http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/new_data/Saudi_Arabia/

  19. Genetic programming approach to extracting features from remotely sensed imagery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Theiler, J. P. (James P.); Perkins, S. J. (Simon J.); Harvey, N. R. (Neal R.); Szymanski, J. J. (John J.); Brumby, Steven P.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multi-instrument data sets present an interesting challenge to feature extraction algorithm developers. Beyond the immediate problems of spatial co-registration, the remote sensing scientist must explore a complex algorithm space in which both spatial and spectral signatures may be required to identify a feature of interest. We describe a genetic programming/supervised classifier software system, called Genie, which evolves and combines spatio-spectral image processing tools for remotely sensed imagery. We describe our representation of candidate image processing pipelines, and discuss our set of primitive image operators. Our primary application has been in the field of geospatial feature extraction, including wildfire scars and general land-cover classes, using publicly available multi-spectral imagery (MSI) and hyper-spectral imagery (HSI). Here, we demonstrate our system on Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM+) MSI. We exhibit an evolved pipeline, and discuss its operation and performance.

  20. Remote Sensing and Unclassified Detection: Summer Research Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith Bearhill, Paula

    2008-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    ?New approaches 11-17-2008 Paula Smith Bearhill SRE ?To understand the potential of remote sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS) within an Indigenous community ?Collected archived data (photos, text) ?Acquired Landsat Imagery ?Reviewed... of Russia, International Centre for Reindeer Husbandry and others ? Goal ? To prepare reindeer herders and national authorities for climate change, in order to reduce the herding communities’ vulnerability to the effects of such change. http...

  1. INT. J. REMOTE SENSING, 2003, VOL. 24, NO. 8, 17091721 A system for monitoring NO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruzzone, Lorenzo

    INT. J. REMOTE SENSING, 2003, VOL. 24, NO. 8, 1709­1721 A system for monitoring NO 2 emissions from. In this paper we propose a system for monitoring abnormal NO 2 emissions in the troposphere by using remote tool for operational applications. 1. Introduction The European Remote Sensing Satellite (ERS

  2. Remote sensing approaches for reconstructing fire perimeters and burn severity mosaics in desert spring ecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weisberg, Peter J.

    Remote sensing approaches for reconstructing fire perimeters and burn severity mosaics in desert wildfires in these often remote areas has been inconsistent and proxy records are often not available. Remote sensing methods have been used in other environments to gain information about fires that have

  3. Remote sensing of seasonal stratification dynamics in the southern Irish Sea Claire Neil a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polton, Jeff

    Remote sensing of seasonal stratification dynamics in the southern Irish Sea Claire Neil a , Alex Sea mixing Tidal front Optical remote sensing In early summer, a well-defined front forms, and data from the MODIS Aqua sensor was used to derive a five-year time series of red-waveband remote

  4. Remote Sensing of Commercial Aircraft Emissions Peter J. Popp & Donald H. Stedman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    Remote Sensing of Commercial Aircraft Emissions Peter J. Popp & Donald H. Stedman Department;Remote Sensing of Commercial Aircraft Emissions 2 Introduction On September 23 and 24, 1997, a study Authority, to remotely measure the emissions of commercial aircraft. During the two day sampling period

  5. Remote sensing has been used to determine the occurrence of many non-indigenous plant species. GIS are used to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    requires an objective-based approach using integrated techniques and technology for geospatial analysis are used to manage data acquired with remote sensing and field surveys. Geospatial models are designed." Invasive Plant Species Management with Geospatial Information Technologies and Computational Science

  6. Use of remote sensing data to enhance the performance of a hydrodynamic simulation of a partially frozen power plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    , USA b Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, South Carolina, USA c Rochester Institute. INTRODUCTION The ALGE code is a hydrodynamic model developed by Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL of Technology, Center for Imaging Science, Digital Imaging and Remote Sensing Laboratory, Rochester, New York

  7. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 4,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 4, November 2002 Gary A Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 4 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 4 2 by 5 years

  8. Study and Simulation of Remote Sensing System: COMPACT Airborne Spectral Sensor (COMPASS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    1 Study and Simulation of Remote Sensing System: COMPACT Airborne Spectral Sensor (COMPASS) Paper............................................................................................ 5 COMPACT Airborne Spectral Sensor (COMPASS............................................................................................... 9 (FOUO) COMPASS Megacollect Data

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - assimilating remote sensing Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    state reanalysis products. The results... from the withheld Argo observations, satellite remote sensing SLA and the heat content and zonal... Assimilation of Argo Temperature and...

  10. Laser remote sensing of backscattered light from a target sample

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM); Williams, John D. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2008-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A laser remote sensing apparatus comprises a laser to provide collimated excitation light at a wavelength; a sensing optic, comprising at least one optical element having a front receiving surface to focus the received excitation light onto a back surface comprising a target sample and wherein the target sample emits a return light signal that is recollimated by the front receiving surface; a telescope for collecting the recollimated return light signal from the sensing optic; and a detector for detecting and spectrally resolving the return light signal. The back surface further can comprise a substrate that absorbs the target sample from an environment. For example the substrate can be a SERS substrate comprising a roughened metal surface. The return light signal can be a surface-enhanced Raman signal or laser-induced fluorescence signal. For fluorescence applications, the return signal can be enhanced by about 10.sup.5, solely due to recollimation of the fluorescence return signal. For SERS applications, the return signal can be enhanced by 10.sup.9 or more, due both to recollimation and to structuring of the SERS substrate so that the incident laser and Raman scattered fields are in resonance with the surface plasmons of the SERS substrate.

  11. Building Detection in a Single Remotely Sensed Image with a Point Process of Csaba Benedek

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Building Detection in a Single Remotely Sensed Image with a Point Process of Rectangles Csaba a probabilistic approach of building extraction in remotely sensed images. To cope with data heterogeneity we construct a flexible hierarchi- cal framework which can create various building appear- ance models from

  12. ACOUSTIC REMOTE SENSING OF THE NORTH PACIFIC ON GYRE AND REGIONAL SCALES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dushaw, Brian

    ACOUSTIC REMOTE SENSING OF THE NORTH PACIFIC ON GYRE AND REGIONAL SCALES B. DUSHAW Applied Physics has evolved into a multipurpose remote sensing measurement technique that has been employed in a wide for observing regions of active convection, for measuring changes in integrated heat content, for observing

  13. Hydrological consistency using multi-sensor remote sensing data for water and energy cycle studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Ming

    Hydrological consistency using multi-sensor remote sensing data for water and energy cycle studies and feedback of land surface and atmospheric processes over large space and time scales. Remote sensing-based variables including soil moisture (from AMSR-E), surface heat fluxes (from MODIS) and precipitation rates

  14. Sea surface exchanges of momentum, heat, and freshwater determined by satellite remote sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Lisan

    1 Sea surface exchanges of momentum, heat, and freshwater determined by satellite remote sensing Freshwater flux Latent heat flux Longwave radiation Satellite remote sensing Sea surface flux estimation Sensible heat flux Shortwave radiation Surface wind fields 2 #12;Sea surface exchanges of momentum, heat

  15. Outdoor Scene Synthesis in the Infrared Range for Remote Sensing Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Outdoor Scene Synthesis in the Infrared Range for Remote Sensing Applications Thierry Poglio Eric under remote sensing applications, like meteorology, farming, or military information are concerned. Yet. The solar forcing leads to an increase in temperature, while heat transfer due to strong cold wind decreases

  16. IDENTIFYING TEMPORAL TRENDS IN TREATED SAGEBRUSH COMMUNITIES USING REMOTELY SENSED IMAGERY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, R. Douglas

    IDENTIFYING TEMPORAL TRENDS IN TREATED SAGEBRUSH COMMUNITIES USING REMOTELY SENSED IMAGERY by Eric Identifying Temporal Trends in Treated Sagebrush Communities Using Remotely Sensed Imagery by Eric D. Sant over time, brightness and greenness provided diagnostic trends and condition of treated big sagebrush

  17. A geostatistical data fusion technique for merging remote sensing and groundbased observations of aerosol optical thickness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalak, Anna M.

    A geostatistical data fusion technique for merging remote sensing and groundbased observations. Braverman, and C. E. Miller (2010), A geostatistical data fusion technique for merging remote sensing cloud properties (the aerosol indirect effect), producing a net cooling of the Earth surface, and can

  18. IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS 1 Assessment of Temperature and Humidity Changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher, Sundar A.

    IEEEProof IEEEProof IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS 1 Assessment of Temperature multiple satellite7 remote sensing data sets and meteorological information, we assess8 the distribution observed at some15 locations. Between the surface and 2-km level, temperature data16 show a cooling of 10

  19. Monitoring Urban Brownfields using Remote Sensing and GISMonitoring Urban Brownfields using Remote Sensing and GIS Ellen BanzhafEllen Banzhaf 1 21 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    Monitoring Urban Brownfields using Remote Sensing and GISMonitoring Urban Brownfields using Remote Leipzig,04318 Leipzig, elba@alok.ufz.deelba@alok.ufz.de What are Brownfields ? EPA defines Brownfields is complicated by real or perceived environmental contamination" (http://www.epa.gov/epahome/hi-brownfields

  20. int. j. remote sensing, 2002, vol. 23, no. 21, 47614776 A multivariate approach to vegetation mapping of Manitoba's Hudson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenkel, Norm

    12­14 June 2000. International Journal of Remote Sensing ISSN 0143-1161 print/ISSN 1366-5901 onlineint. j. remote sensing, 2002, vol. 23, no. 21, 4761­4776 A multivariate approach to vegetation the likelihood of errors in classi cation caused by overlap between classes. 1. Introduction Remotely sensed data

  1. REMOTE SENSING APPLICATIONS (SUR 5385) Instructor: Scot E. Smith, Professor, Geomatics Program, School of Forest Resources and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    REMOTE SENSING APPLICATIONS (SUR 5385) Instructor: Scot E. Smith, Professor, Geomatics Program@ufl.edu Office Hours: 10:00-12:00 MWF Text: None. Reading assignments will be made. Topics: Remote sensing and classification, radar imagery, applications of remotely sensed imagery. Goal: The goal of this course

  2. Remote sensing for the geobotanical and biogeochemical assessment of environmental contamination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wickham, J.; Chesley, M.; Lancaster, J.; Mouat, D.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under Contract Number DE-AC08-90NV10845, the DOE has funded the Desert Research Institute (DRI) to examine several aspects of remote sensing, specifically with respect to how its use might help support Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (ERWM) activities at DOE sites located throughout the country. This report represents partial fulfillment of DRI`s obligations under that contract and includes a review of relevant literature associated with remote sensing studies and our evaluation and recommendation as to the applicability of various remote sensing techniques for DOE needs. With respect to DOE ERWM activities, remote sensing may be broadly defined as collecting information about a target without actually being in physical contact with the object. As the common platforms for remote sensing observations are aircraft and satellites, there exists the possibility to rapidly and efficiently collect information over DOE sites that would allow for the identification and monitoring of contamination related to present and past activities. As DOE sites cover areas ranging from tens to hundreds of square miles, remote sensing may provide an effective, efficient, and economical method in support of ERWM activities. For this review, remote sensing has been limited to methods that employ electromagnetic (EM) energy as the means of detecting and measuring target characteristics.

  3. Data disaggregation and evapotranspiration modeling: a synergism between multi-spectral/multi-resolution remote sensing data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer), respectively. - SEB-1S is a mono-source surface energy balance model-resolution remote sensing data, United States (2013)" #12; transpiration (T). The surface albedo (SA) derived from shortwave reflectances modulates the available energy

  4. Impacts of a recurrent resuspension event and variable phytoplankton community composition on remote sensing reflectance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Impacts of a recurrent resuspension event and variable phytoplankton community composition resuspension event and variable phytoplankton community composition on remote sensing reflectance, J. Geophys shoreline erosion, and high river runoff. These forces lead to significant resuspension of particles, which

  5. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 2 Peter J. Popp, Gary A from automobiles are at a maximum when the air/fuel ratio is rich of stoichiometric, and are caused

  6. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 1 Peter J. Popp, Sajal S to Heywood,2 carbon monoxide emissions from automobiles are at a maximum when the air/fuel ratio is rich

  7. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 1 Peter J. Popp, Gary A.1 Carbon monoxide emissions from automobiles are at a maximum when the air/fuel ratio is rich

  8. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Los Angeles Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Los Angeles Area: Year 1 Gary A. Bishop.1 According to Heywood2 , carbon monoxide emissions from automobiles are at a maximum when the air

  9. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 1 Gary A. Bishop, Sajal S to the national emission inventory.1 According to Heywood2 , carbon monoxide emissions from automobiles

  10. Remote sensing of marine pollution. (Latest citations from Oceanic Abstracts). Published Search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the application of remote sensing to pollution in the ocean. Remote sensing techniques discussed include radiometry, lidar, radar, satellite observations, infrared scanning, laser spectrometry, acoustics, and microwaves. Articles address oil spills, coastal ecosystems, ocean dumping, dredging, and biological indications of marine pollution. Emphasis is placed on identifying and characterizing oil spills. (Contains a minimum of 154 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  11. Remote sensing of marine pollution. (Latest citations from Oceanic Abstracts). Published Search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the application of remote sensing to pollution in the ocean. Remote sensing techniques discussed include radiometry, lidar, radar, satellite observations, infrared scanning, laser spectrometry, acoustics, and microwaves. Articles address oil spills, coastal ecosystems, ocean dumping, dredging, and biological indications of marine pollution. Emphasis is placed on identifying and characterizing oil spills. (Contains a minimum of 163 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  12. Remote sensing of marine pollution. (Latest citations from Oceanic Abstracts). Published Search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the application of remote sensing to pollution in the ocean. Remote sensing techniques discussed include radiometry, lidar, radar, satellite observations, infrared scanning, laser spectrometry, acoustics, and microwaves. Articles address oil spills, coastal ecosystems, ocean dumping, dredging, and biological indications of marine pollution. Emphasis is placed on identifying and characterizing oil spills. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  13. Remote sensing of marine pollution. (Latest citations from Oceanic abstracts). Published Search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the application of remote sensing to pollution in the ocean. Remote sensing techniques discussed include radiometry, lidar, radar, satellite observations, infrared scanning, laser spectrometry, acoustics, and microwaves. Articles address oil spills, coastal ecosystems, ocean dumping, dredging, and biological indications of marine pollution. Emphasis is placed on identifying and characterizing oil spills. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  14. Remote sensing of marine pollution. (Latest citations from Oceanic Abstracts). Published Search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the application of remote sensing to pollution in the ocean. Remote sensing techniques discussed include radiometry, lidar, radar, satellite observations, infrared scanning, laser spectrometry, acoustics, and microwaves. Articles address oil spills, coastal ecosystems, ocean dumping, dredging, and biological indications of marine pollution. Emphasis is placed on identifying and characterizing oil spills. (Contains a minimum of 117 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  15. Assessing Available Woody Plant Biomass on Rangelands with Lidar and Multispectral Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ku, Nian-Wei

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ASSESSING AVAILABLE WOODY PLANT BIOMASS ON RANGELANDS WITH LIDAR AND MULTISPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING A Thesis by NIAN-WEI KU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... ASSESSING AVAILABLE WOODY PLANT BIOMASS ON RANGELANDS WITH LIDAR AND MULTISPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING A Thesis by NIAN-WEI KU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  16. ON-ROAD REMOTE SENSING OF VEHICLE EMISSIONS IN MONTERREY, N.L. MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    ON-ROAD REMOTE SENSING OF VEHICLE EMISSIONS IN MONTERREY, N.L. MEXICO Final Report Prepared for the University of Denver traveled to Monterrey, N.L. Mexico to monitor remotely the carbon monoxide (CO with other cities that have been sampled in Mexico. The on-road emission averages are similar to the latest

  17. An Introduction to Digital Methods in Remote Sensing of Forested Ecosystems: Focus on the Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallin, David O.

    for vegetation information derived from other remote senslng imagery. especially digital data acquired from high is on other remote sensing data, such as digital aircraft and satellite images. and nonimaging radiometer Considerations Like airphotos. digital images record energy proper- ties at a point in time for a portion

  18. Geospatial revolution and remote sensing LiDAR in Mesoamerican archaeology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weishampel, John F.

    #12;Geospatial revolution and remote sensing LiDAR in Mesoamerican archaeology Arlen F. Chasea,1. The impor- tance of this geospatial innovation is demonstrated with newly acquired LiDAR data from in the remote geospatial imaging of cultural landscapes, including ancient communities and their anthropogenic

  19. Development of Salt Marsh Monitoring Methodology Using Remote Sensing and GIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Y.Q. "Yeqiao"

    Development of Salt Marsh Monitoring Methodology Using Remote Sensing and GIS Y.Q. Wang, PI://www.ltrs.uri.edu #12;New Satellite Data in Salt Marsh Change Monitoring Given that salt marsh monitoring requires update the salt marsh maps are necessary. Recent development of high spatial resolution satellite remote

  20. Radio Remote Sensing of the Corona and the Solar Wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steven R. Spangler; Catherine A. Whiting

    2008-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern radio telescopes are extremely sensitive to plasma on the line of sight from a radio source to the antenna. Plasmas in the corona and solar wind produce measurable changes in the radio wave amplitude and phase, and the phase difference between wave fields of opposite circular polarization. Such measurements can be made of radio waves from spacecraft transmitters and extragalactic radio sources, using radio telescopes and spacecraft tracking antennas. Data have been taken at frequencies from about 80 MHz to 8000 MHz. Lower frequencies probe plasma at greater heliocentric distances. Analysis of these data yields information on the plasma density, density fluctuations, and plasma flow speeds in the corona and solar wind, and on the magnetic field in the solar corona. This paper will concentrate on the information that can be obtained from measurements of Faraday rotation through the corona and inner solar wind. The magnitude of Faraday rotation is proportional to the line of sight integral of the plasma density and the line-of-sight component of the magnetic field. Faraday rotation provides an almost unique means of estimating the magnetic field in this part of space. This technique has contributed to measurement of the large scale coronal magnetic field, the properties of electromagnetic turbulence in the corona, possible detection of electrical currents in the corona, and probing of the internal structure of coronal mass ejections (CMEs). This paper concentrates on the search for small-scale coronal turbulence and remote sensing of the structure of CMEs. Future investigations with the Expanded Very Large Array (EVLA) or Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) could provide unique observational input on the astrophysics of CMEs.

  1. On the dynamics and morphology of extensive tidal mudflats: Integrating remote sensing data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ezer,Tal

    On the dynamics and morphology of extensive tidal mudflats: Integrating remote sensing data sensing data and inundation models allows the mapping of extensive tidal mudflats in a sub-Arctic estuary changes in mudflats morphology, and 3. mapping previously unobserved mud- flat topographies in order

  2. The use of remotely sensed data as a tool in urban heat island investigations: An overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orvis, K.H.; Akbari, H. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Remotely sensed data contribute an important tool to areawide, cost-effective studies of urban heat island phenomena. This paper provides an overview of its use dating from the first satellite thermal images of urban heat signatures in the early 1970`s, and briefly examines the range of previous uses of remotely sensed data in urban studies, including identification and analysis of heat island effects, modeling of energy budgets, attempts to analyze and classify the urban landscape, and temporal analyses. The intent is not to provide an exhaustive review but rather to describe research trends and patterns. In addition the paper lists an compares those sensing devices that have seen significant use in urban studies and briefly discusses potential strengths and weaknesses of remotely sensed data for use in urban analyses. Three annotated bibliographies, divided by subject, are included. 95 refs.

  3. Length Scale Analysis of Surface Energy Fluxes Derived from Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunsell, Nathaniel A.; Gillies, Robert R.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the variability across different spatial res- olutions in input data translates into variation across scales in modeled output. This issue is of prime im- portance to the remote sensing community involved in the modeling of land–atmosphere interactions...1212 VOLUME 4J O U R N A L O F H Y D R O M E T E O R O L O G Y q 2003 American Meteorological Society Length Scale Analysis of Surface Energy Fluxes Derived from Remote Sensing NATHANIEL A. BRUNSELL* Department of Plants, Soils, and Biometeorology...

  4. Capabilities of the DOE Remote Sensing Laboratory`s aerial measuring system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riedhauser, S.R.

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the capabilities of the Remote Sensing Laboratory`s aircraft for use in environmental radiation surveys, multispectral (visible, near infrared, and thermal infrared) surveys of vegetation and buildings, and photographic documentation of the areas covered by the two other surveys. The report discusses the technical capabilities of the various systems and presents examples of the data from a recent demonstration survey. To provide a view of the types of surveys the Remote Sensing Laboratory has conducted in the past, the appendices describe several of the previous area surveys and emergency search surveys.

  5. Spectrometry for urban area remote sensing--Development and analysis of a spectral library from 350 to 2400 nm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spectrometry for urban area remote sensing--Development and analysis of a spectral library from 350 spectral characteristics of urban environments using spectral library of more than 4500 individual spectra land cover types (i.e. specific roof and road types) spectral- resolution remote sensing for detailed

  6. 2392 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 41, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2003 Soil Moisture Mapping Using ESTAR Under

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2392 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 41, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2003 Soil of the entire region. Index Terms--Microwave, remote sensing, soil moisture. I. INTRODUCTION THE FUNDAMENTAL regional heat fluxes [15], and to validate distributed land surface models in order to study the scaling

  7. 42 IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. 1, NO. 2, APRIL 2004 A Connectionist Approach to SODAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitra, Sushmita

    42 IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. 1, NO. 2, APRIL 2004 A Connectionist Approach of successfully identifying the different SODAR patterns. Index Terms--Acoustic remote sensing, classification of heat, energy, and momentum from the ground level to higher levels and vice-versa. It plays an active

  8. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 37, NO. 3, MAY 1999 1671 Cryosphere Applications of NSCAT Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 37, NO. 3, MAY 1999 1671 Cryosphere covering Greenland and Antarctica add to the polar heat sink effect by their additional influence upon. Hence, monitoring of polar ice is of particular interest to the remote sensing and climate change

  9. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 52, NO. 4, APRIL 2014 2149 Mitigation of Sea Ice Contamination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 52, NO. 4, APRIL 2014 2149 Mitigation such as the Oceansat-2 scatterometer. Index Terms--QuikCSAT, remote sensing, scatterometry, sea ice, wind, wind, atmospheric heat flow, ocean currents, and possibly sea ice formation. Satellite scat- terometry enables daily

  10. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 48, NO. 5, MAY 2010 2283 Large-Scale Building Reconstruction Through

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paragios, Nikos

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 48, NO. 5, MAY 2010 2283 Large- troduced toward automatic 3-D building reconstruction from remote-sensing data. We consider a subset, wireless telecommunications, disaster management, noise, and heat and exhaust-spreading simulations. All

  11. 500 IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. 3, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2006 ELF Radar System Proposed for Localized

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, Jamesina J.

    500 IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. 3, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2006 ELF Radar System frequency (ELF), finite difference time domain (FDTD), ionospheric disturbances, radar, remote sensing. I to be of sufficiently low power to have negligible heating or any other effects upon the ionospheric anomaly.) Employing

  12. International Journal of Geography and Geology, 2013, 2(1):1-13 THE REMOTE SENSING IMAGERY, NEW CHALLENGES FOR GEOLOGICAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    International Journal of Geography and Geology, 2013, 2(1):1-13 1 THE REMOTE SENSING IMAGERY, NEW CHALLENGES FOR GEOLOGICAL AND MINING MAPPING IN THE WEST AFRICAN CRATON - THE EXAMPLE OF CÔTE D'IVOIRE Gbele of the evolution on the use of remote sensing imagery for geological and mining mapping in West Africa

  13. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. XX, NO. Y, MONTH 2000 100 Azimuth Variation in Microwave Scatterometer and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. XX, NO. Y, MONTH 2000 100 Azimuth/Imager (SSM/I) [13] have broad application in atmospheric remote sensing over the ocean and provide essential. Radiative cooling of surface air masses over the in- terior ice sheet causes negative buoyancy and the air

  14. 1936 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 38, NO. 4, JULY 2000 Electromagnetic Inversion in Monostatic Ground

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolini, Umberto

    (GPR) is a remote sensing system used to measure short-pulse electromagnetic (EM) reflections due1936 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 38, NO. 4, JULY 2000 Electromagnetic and Umberto Spagnolini, Member, IEEE Abstract--A comprehensive analysis of electromagnetic (EM) inversion

  15. REMOTE SENSING OF SAGEBRUSH COMMUNITY STRUCTURAL PATTERNS ACROSS SCALES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, R. Douglas

    projects is often limited. This research evaluated the ability of a suite of airborne and satellite imagery infrared (CIR) aerial photography, panchromatic, and multi-spectral satellite imagery, including data from rangeland managers, wildlife biologists, or other remote sensors, specifically when decisions related

  16. Applications of Remote Sensing to Study Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    to develop image processing techniques that later were used with Landsat data. #12;CIVILIAN SATELLITES 1970's was very much appreciated. #12;THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS 1962 · In fall 1962, reports indicated by current remote sensors is the electromagnetic energy emanating from the object of interest

  17. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 927-948; doi:10.3390/rs5020927 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    Active Radiation absorbed by vegetation (FPAR) are critical to OPEN ACCESS #12;Remote Sens. 2013, 5 928) correlations of dominant modes of interannual variability with large-scale circulation anomalies such as the EI

  18. Remote sensing of soil radionuclide fluxes in a tropical ecosystem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clegg, B.; Koranda, J.; Robinson, W.; Holladay, G.

    1980-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We are using a transponding geostationary satellite to collect surface environmental data to describe the fate of soil-borne radionuclides. The remote, former atomic testing grounds at the Eniwetok and Bikini Atolls present a difficult environment in which to collect continuous field data. Our land-based, solar-powered microprocessor and environmental data systems remotely acquire measurements of net and total solar radiation, rain, humidity, temperature, and soil-water potentials. For the past year, our water flux model predicts wet season plant transpiration rates nearly equal to the 6 to 7 mm/d evaporation pan rate, which decreases to 2 to 3 mm/d for the dry season. Radioisotopic analysis confirms the microclimate-estimated 1:3 to 1:20 soil to plant /sup 137/Cs dry matter concentration ratio. This ratio exacerbates the dose to man from intake of food plants. Nephelometer measurements of airborne particulates presently indicate a minimum respiratory radiological dose.

  19. Fractal patterns of coral communities: evidence from remote sensing (Arabian Gulf, Dubai, U.A.E.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purkis, Sam

    Fractal patterns of coral communities: evidence from remote sensing (Arabian Gulf, Dubai, U to power-law distributions over several orders of magnitude to an extent that suggests fractal behaviour, fractal, IKONOS Introduction It has long been recognized that the processes driving coral reef dynamics

  20. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, TO APPEAR. 1 A Hybrid Conditional Random Field for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Kevin Patrick

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, TO APPEAR. 1 A Hybrid Conditional Random Field of buildings, vegetations, cars, and natural terrain features over large regions. However, in many applications generative) probabilistic model, we call it a hybrid Conditional Random Field. We show that a MAP estimate

  1. Hyperspectral laboratory and remote sensing applied to clay minerals identification and mapping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Hyperspectral laboratory and remote sensing applied to clay minerals identification and mapping contain clay minerals that change volume with water content and cause extensive and expensive damage susceptibility. At local scale, characterization of soil properties and identification of clay minerals using

  2. TERAGRID 2007 CONFERENCE, MADISON, WI 1 Cyberinfrastructure for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TERAGRID 2007 CONFERENCE, MADISON, WI 1 Cyberinfrastructure for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets Dr rise and melting ice sheets is the application domain of this project. It is an issue of global impor of computationally intensive tools and models that will help them measure and predict the response of ice sheets

  3. Estimating biomass on CRP pastureland: A comparison of remote sensing techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    Estimating biomass on CRP pastureland: A comparison of remote sensing techniques Tucker F. Porter Accepted 31 January 2014 Available online 21 February 2014 Keywords: Biomass estimation model NDVI Bandwise regression Crop circle sensor Landsat imagery a b s t r a c t Biomass from land enrolled in the Conservation

  4. On the study of wind energy at great heights using remote sensing techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On the study of wind energy at great heights using remote sensing techniques Alfredo Pe~na1 by the wind energy industry due to the high sensitivity that the wind characteristics have on the performance Dong energy, Dong Energy, Kraftværksvej 53, DK-7000, Fredericia, Denmark e-mail: alfredo

  5. WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ESTIMATION IN PUERTO RICO USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ESTIMATION IN PUERTO RICO USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING Eric. W Management of water resources relies on estimates of the hydrologic water balance within defined and/or similar land use. Components of the water balance include precipitation, actual

  6. Discovery of Geospatial Discriminating Patterns from Remote Sensing Datasets Tomasz Stepinski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Wei

    Discovery of Geospatial Discriminating Patterns from Remote Sensing Datasets Wei Ding Tomasz. Several geospatial feature vari- ables are fused together, and the vector of their values at each spatial cell is considered as a transaction to be used in association analysis. The concept of emerging

  7. Interval Methods in Remote Sensing: Reliable SubDivision of Geological Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Karen

    Interval Methods in Remote Sensing: Reliable Sub­Division of Geological Areas David D. Coblentz, G. The subdivision of a geological zone into segments is often a controversial issue, with different evidence of the geological subdivision is the fact that the existing subdivision is often based on the chemical and physical

  8. Total electron and proton energy input during auroral substorms: Remote sensing with IMAGE-FUV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Total electron and proton energy input during auroral substorms: Remote sensing with IMAGE-FUV B the ionospheric Pedersen conductivity and produces Joule heat- ing in the presence of an electric field. In addition, part of the energy of the auroral particles is dissipated into local heating through dissociation

  9. Remote sensing estimates of glacier mass balances in the Himachal Pradesh (Western Himalaya, India)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berthier, Etienne

    Inc. All rights reserved. Keywords: Glacier mass balance; Climate change; Sea level rise; DEM; SPOT5 Chevallier e a EOS/UBC, 6339 Stores Road, Vancouver, B.C. Canada V6T 1Z4 b GREAT ICE (IRD-LGGE) 54 Rue use remote sensing data to monitor glacier elevation changes and mass balances in the Spiti

  10. Remote Sensing of In-Use Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    Remote Sensing of In-Use Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks D A N I E L A . B U R G A R D , G A R Y A . B I from 1641 individually identified heavy-duty diesel trucks at two locations in Colorado are reported- duty diesel trucks. Ammonia emissions from this study were below the detection limit of the instrument

  11. On-Road Remote Sensing of Heavy-duty Diesel Truck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Heavy-duty Diesel Truck Emissions in the Austin- San Marcos Area: August, HC, and NO to CO2 and to get percent opacity readings for heavy-duty diesel trucks with elevated. The fleet of these heavy-duty diesel trucks exhibits a distribution that is close to normal where the top 20

  12. A Hyperspectral Method for Remotely Sensing the Grain Size of Snow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    , and instrument noise. MOTIVATION AND SIGNIFICANCE BACKGROUND Imaging spectrometry is a powerful tool that offers for calculating experiments, Hyva¨rinen and Lammasniemi (1987) related the snowpack's absorption of solar and Management, University of California A combination of remote sensing innovations and an Address

  13. Annual Report for FY2001 PFRP Project: Evaluation of Remote Sensing Technologies for Identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    JIMAR/PFRP Annual Report for FY2001 PFRP Project: Evaluation of Remote Sensing Technologies've evaluated applications of Topex/Poseidon satellite altimetry, and SeaWiFS satellite ocean color for the identification of ocean features critical to pelagic fishes. We've found both these sensors can identify fronts

  14. An evaluation of alternate remote sensing products for forest inventory, monitoring, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lefsky, Michael

    and related attributes at a regional scale. Several sensors were evaluated, including (i) single date Landsat), a lidar sensor that di- rectly measures the height and canopy structure of forest vegetation. To evaluateAn evaluation of alternate remote sensing products for forest inventory, monitoring, and mapping

  15. Evaluation of Remote Sensing Technologies for the Identification of Oceanographic Features Critical to Pelagic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    Evaluation of Remote Sensing Technologies for the Identification of Oceanographic Features Critical on data from two satellite sensors: the altimeter aboard TOPEX/POSEIDON and SeaWiFs ocean color to examine sensors detect biological change in mid-latitude North Pacific, 1997-2000. EOS, The American Geophysical

  16. Evaluation of chlorophyll-a remote sensing algorithms for an optically complex estuary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Evaluation of chlorophyll-a remote sensing algorithms for an optically complex estuary Chengfeng Le to derive Chla based on red and near-infrared wavelengths to avoid such problems. Using in situ data sensors such as the MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, 1999­present for Terra, 2002

  17. Modeling Wildland Fire Radiance in Synthetic Remote Sensing B.S. Beijing Institute of Technology, 1996

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    efforts in phenomenology studies, algorithm development, and sensor evaluation. Synthetic scenes are also and op- tical properties of wildfire and burn area in an infrared remote sensing system will assist look like as seen by the airborne sensor. Radiance scene rendering of the 3D flame iv #12;v includes 2D

  18. A generalizable method for remote sensing of canopy nitrogen across a wide range of forest ecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Brenden

    spectroscopy, or hyperspectral remote sensing, from satellite or airborne sensors. Development of this approach's Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) and/or Hyperion instruments. The combined dataset was used to evaluate site-specific calibration results as well as results obtained with data pooled across

  19. Satellite SAR Remote Sensing of Great Lakes Ice Cover, Part 2. Ice Classification and Mapping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satellite SAR Remote Sensing of Great Lakes Ice Cover, Part 2. Ice Classification and Mapping° to 60° for all polarizations, was processed to radar cross-section to establish a library of signatures (look-up table) for different ice types. The library is used in the computer classifica- tion

  20. Analysis of the Greenland ice sheet loss from remote sensing data*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Analysis of the Greenland ice sheet loss from remote sensing data* Peter Limkilde Svendsen, Allan corresponding to the missing data removed. 2950 730.5 365.25 183 122 50 40 30 20 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 Greenland frequency content, amplitude spectrum Period [d] Amplitude[m] Greenland mean Greenland maximum Figure 1: EWH

  1. Remote sensing of Greenland ice sheet using multispectral near-infrared and visible radiances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dozier, Jeff

    Remote sensing of Greenland ice sheet using multispectral near-infrared and visible radiances Petr microwave methods. The method should be useful for long-term monitoring of the melt area of the Greenland of MODIS retrievals of the western portion of the Greenland ice sheet over the period 2000 to 2006

  2. WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ESTIMATION IN PUERTO RICO USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    countries (i.e., Haiti and the Dominican Republic). #12;Technical Approach #12;Algorithm Flow Chart ObtainWATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ESTIMATION IN PUERTO RICO USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING Eric.W. Harmsen Solar Radiation, wind speed, rainfall, etc,. for yesterday Expand the components of the Surface Energy

  3. An approach to determining nearshore bathymetry using remotely sensed ocean surface dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, James T.

    of the hydrodynamic coupling between the water depth and the wave kinematics, methods which would determine the ocean-dimensional algorithm developed to estimate water depths from remotely sensed information of the water surface, using. Wave conditions including monochromatic and irregular waves are simulated in the model. Mean flow

  4. Earth'sFuture Remote sensing of fugitive methane emissions from oil and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickerson, Russell R.

    Earth'sFuture Remote sensing of fugitive methane emissions from oil and gas production in North and tight oil reservoirs to exploit formerly inaccessible or unprofitable energy resources in rock and oil provide an opportunity to achieve energy self-sufficiency and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions

  5. Remote Sensing of Mobile Source Air Pollutant Emissions: Variability and Uncertainty in On-Road Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, H. Christopher

    Remote Sensing of Mobile Source Air Pollutant Emissions: Variability and Uncertainty in On.0 INTRODUCTION 1 1.1 Mobile Source Emissions 2 1.2 Emission Regulations 2 1.3 Emissions Contributions of "Non Estimates 70 6.3 Fuel Economy Data for School Buses Observed at the Rock Quarry Road Site 75 6.4 Diesel

  6. Journal of Indian Society of Remote Sensing V. 32, No. 4 (December, 2004 Issue)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Ramesh P.

    Journal of Indian Society of Remote Sensing V. 32, No. 4 (December, 2004 Issue) http in the Ganga basin. Aerosols are responsible for lowering of land surface temperature i.e. cooling effect which on radiative forcing that cause negative forcing (cooling) at surface and positive effect (warming) at top

  7. Energy analysis of substorms based on remote sensing techniques, solar wind measurements, and geomagnetic indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ã?stgaard, Nikolai

    Energy analysis of substorms based on remote sensing techniques, solar wind measurements wind Citation: Ã?stgaard, N., G. Germany, J. Stadsnes, and R. R. Vondrak, Energy analysis of substorms satellite have been used to examine the energy deposition in the Northern Hemisphere by precipitating

  8. Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 1. Forward modeling and remote sensing applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 1. Forward modeling and remote sensing broadening and drizzle growth in shallow liquid clouds remain not well understood. Detailed, cloudscale. Profiling, millimeterwavelength (cloud) radars can provide such observations. In particular, the first three

  9. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    of the internal combustion engine and causes of pollutants in the exhaust see Heywood2 . Properly operating modern for water and any excess oxygen not involved in combustion. Mass emissions per mass or volume of fuel canOn-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 4 Sajal S. Pokharel, Gary

  10. Effective Radius of Cloud Droplets by Ground-Based Remote Sensing: Relationship to Aerosol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    albedo and radiative forcing for a given LWP are highly sensitive to effective radius; for solar zenith and the average cloud cover on earth. Additionally, reduction in cloud cover caused by absorption of solarEffective Radius of Cloud Droplets by Ground-Based Remote Sensing: Relationship to Aerosol Byung

  11. Remote Sensing for Hazard Mitigation and Resource Protection in Pacific Latin America Gregg Bluth (PI); John Gierke, Bill Rose, Essa Gross (Co-PI's)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remote Sensing for Hazard Mitigation and Resource Protection in Pacific Latin America Gregg Bluth the ability to deal with uncertainty in analyzing problems and designing solutions. Remote sensing provides these qualities. Although remote sensing has great potential and is commonly used in research for characterizing

  12. Combining remote sensing data and an inundation model to map tidal mudflat regions and improve flood predictions: A proof of concept

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ezer,Tal

    Combining remote sensing data and an inundation model to map tidal mudflat regions and improve mudflats. The remote sensing-based analysis provides for the first time a way to evaluate the flood., and H. Liu (2009), Combining remote sensing data and an inundation model to map tidal mudflat regions

  13. Remote sensing in marine environment - acquiring, processing, and interpreting GLORIA sidescan sonor images of deep sea floor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Leary, D.W.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Geological Survey's remote sensing instrument for regional imaging of the deep sea floor (> 400 m water depth) is the GLORIA (Geologic Long-Range Inclined Asdic) sidescan sonar system, designed and operated by the British Institute of Oceanographic Sciences. A 30-sec sweep rate provides for a swath width of approximately 45 km, depending on water depth. The return signal is digitally recorded as 8 bit data to provide a cross-range pixel dimension of 50 m. Postcruise image processing is carried out by using USGS software. Processing includes precision water-column removal, geometric and radiometric corrections, and contrast enhancement. Mosaicking includes map grid fitting, concatenation, and tone matching. Seismic reflection profiles, acquired along track during the survey, are image correlative and provide a subsurface dimension unique to marine remote sensing. Generally GLORIA image interpretation is based on brightness variations which are largely a function of (1) surface roughness at a scale of approximately 1 m and (2) slope changes of more than about 4/degrees/ over distances of at least 50 m. Broader, low-frequency changes in slope that cannot be detected from the Gloria data can be determined from seismic profiles. Digital files of bathymetry derived from echo-sounder data can be merged with GLORIA image data to create relief models of the sea floor for geomorphic interpretation of regional slope effects.

  14. Whispering gallery modes in quantum dot-embedded dielectric microspheres for tagless remote refractometric sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pang, Shuo

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    S coating. The CdSe/Zns core/shell quantum dots are prepared colloidally via organometallic synthesis. In these experiments, green quantum dots with an emission peak at 530nm are used. The absorption and emission spectra are shown in Figure 9. 23... WHISPERING GALLERY MODES IN QUANTUM DOT-EMBEDDED DIELECTRIC MICROSPHERES FOR TAGLESS REMOTE REFRACTOMETRIC SENSING A Thesis by SHUO PANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

  15. A remote sensing/geochronological study of coastal morphology associated with episodic Amazon sediment supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Michael Touchet

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Transport. . . Mudbanks and Mudcapes. OB JECTIVES . . APPROACH. 2 4 5 6 13 Remote Sensing. Image Acquisition. Sampling Methods . . Core Processing. . Radioisotope Analysis. . RESULTS. 13 14 22 25 26 30 Core Properties. . Radioisotope.... Sediment deposits on the shareface and inner shelf have been identified on major river shelves such as the Ganges-Brahmaputra (Kuehl et al. , 1989), Rhine (de Haas and Eisma, 1993), Yangtze (McKee et al. , 1983), and the Amazon (Allison et al. , 1994...

  16. Deployment of an Autonomous Sensor Network for Remote Sensing Applications Topic Area: Sensor Network Applications in Environmental Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    effort currently underway funded by the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Savannah River National Lab Imaging and Remote Sensing Lab (DIRS) at the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) have designed

  17. Remote sensing analysis of the Gorge of the Nile, Ethiopia with emphasis on DejenGohatsion region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gani, Nahid DS

    Remote sensing analysis of the Gorge of the Nile, Ethiopia with emphasis on Dejen­Gohatsion region and geomorphological information in order to understand the geological controls on the Gorge of the Nile in Ethiopia

  18. Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Ocean (11:670:451/16:712:552) Class website: Sakai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Wilkin Orbits and scan geometry J. Wilkin Electromagnetic Radiation I J. Miller Electromagnetic Radiation; pulse and Synthetic Aperture Radar modes; applications J. Wilkin Land Surface Remote Sensing M. Miller

  19. Remote sensing analysis of natural oil and gas seeps on the continental slope of the northern Gulf of Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Beukelaer, Sophie Magdalena

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural hydrocarbon seeps harbor distinctive geological, chemical, and biological features in the marine environment. This thesis verified remote sensing signatures of seeps using in-situ observation and repeated collections ...

  20. Strategic plan for the utilization of remote sensing technologies in the environmental restoration program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, A.D.; Doll, W.E.; Durfee, R.C.; Luxmoore, R.J.; Conder, S.R.; Nyquist, J.E.

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objectives of the Environmental Restoration (ER) Remote Sensing and Special Surveys Program are to apply state-of-the-art remote sensing and geophysical technologies and to manage routine and remotely-sensed examinations of the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR), the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP), the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS), and their adjacent off-site areas. Repeated multispectral scanner (MSS) imagery, gamma, and photographic surveys will allow monitoring of the degradation that might occur in waste containment vessels and monitoring (at a later stage in the remediation life cycle) of improvements from restoration efforts and cleanup. These technologies, in combination with geophysical surveys, will provide an effective means for identifying unknown waste sites and contaminant transport pathways. All of the data will be maintained in a data base that will be accessible to site managers in the ER Program. The complete analysis of collected data will provide site-specific data to the ER Program for characterizing and monitoring ER Program hazardous waste sites.

  1. Stability and Turbulence in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer: A Comparison of Remote Sensing and Tower Observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedrich, K.; Lundquist, J. K.; Aitken, M.; Kalina, E. A.; Marshall, R. F.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When monitoring winds and atmospheric stability for wind energy applications, remote sensing instruments present some advantages to in-situ instrumentation such as larger vertical extent, in some cases easy installation and maintenance, measurements of vertical humidity profiles throughout the boundary layer, and no restrictions on prevailing wind directions. In this study, we compare remote sensing devices, Windcube lidar and microwave radiometer, to meteorological in-situ tower measurements to demonstrate the accuracy of these measurements and to assess the utility of the remote sensing instruments in overcoming tower limitations. We compare temperature and wind observations, as well as calculations of Brunt-Vaisala frequency and Richardson numbers for the instrument deployment period in May-June 2011 at the U.S. Department of Energy National Renewable Energy Laboratory's National Wind Technology Center near Boulder, Colorado. The study reveals that a lidar and radiometer measure wind and temperature with the same accuracy as tower instruments, while also providing advantages for monitoring stability and turbulence. We demonstrate that the atmospheric stability is determined more accurately when the liquid-water mixing ratio derived from the vertical humidity profile is considered under moist-adiabatic conditions.

  2. CALMIT Remote-Sensing Research Relating to Carbon Sequestration There is considerable interest in assessing the magnitude of carbon sources and sinks in terrestrial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    CALMIT Remote-Sensing Research Relating to Carbon Sequestration There is considerable interest in assessing the magnitude of carbon sources and sinks in terrestrial ecosystems using remote sensing techniques. We developed a novel technique to remotely assess carbon dioxide exchange in maize using

  3. "Non-Reflective" Boundary Design via Remote Sensing and PID Control Valve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Qin Fen [ORNL] [ORNL; Karney, Professor Byran W. [University of Toronto, Canada] [University of Toronto, Canada; Pejovic, Dr. Stanislav [University of Toronto, Canada] [University of Toronto, Canada

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper develops the concept of a nonreflective (or semireflective) boundary condition using the combination of a remote sensor and a control system to modulate a relief valve. The essential idea is to sense the pressure change at a remote location and then to use the measured data to adjust the opening of an active control valve at the end of the line to eliminate or attenuate the wave reflections at the valve, thus controlling system transient pressures. This novel idea is shown here through numerical simulation to have considerable potential for transient protection. Using this model, wave reflections and resonance can be effectively eliminated for frictionless pipelines or initial no-flow conditions and can be better controlled in more realistic pipelines for a range of transient disturbances. In addition, the features of even-order harmonics and nonreflective boundary conditions during steady oscillation, obtained through time domain transient analysis, are verified by hydraulic impedance analysis in the frequency domain.

  4. Low-altitude remote sensing dataset of DEM and RGB mosaic for AB corridor on July 13 2013 and L2 corridor on July 21 2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Baptiste Dafflon

    Low-altitude remote sensing dataset including DEM and RGB mosaic for AB (July 13 2013) and L2 corridor (July 21 2013)

  5. Christian Lessig Computing+Mathematical Sciences, California Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desbrun, Mathieu

    modelling, ...). ·Remote sensing (agriculture, ecology, ...). ·Heat transfer (architecture, combustion eng, ...). ·Atmospheric science (climate modelling, ...). ·Remote sensing (agriculture, ecology, ...). #12;18 Applications, ...). ·Medical imaging (microscopy, biopsy, ...). ·Atmospheric science (climate modelling, ...). ·Remote sensing

  6. Cloud Remote Sensing with Sideways-Looks : Theory and First Results Using Multispectral Thermal Imager Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, A. B. (Anthony B.)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In operational remote sensing, the implicit model for cloud geometry is a homogeneous plane-parallel slab of infinite horizontal extent. Each pixel is indeed processed as if it exchanged no radiant energy whatsoever with its neighbors. The shortcomings of this conceptual model have been well documented in the specialized literature but rarely mitigated. The worst-case scenario is probably high-resolution imagery where dense isolated clouds are visible, often both bright (reflective) and dark (transmissive) sides being apparent from the same satellite viewing angle: the low transmitted radiance could conceivably be interpreted in plane-parallel theory as no cloud at all. An alternative to the plane-parallel cloud model is introduced here that has the same appeal of being analytically tractable, at least in the diffusion limit: the spherical cloud. This new geometrical paradigm is applied to radiances from cumulus clouds captured by DOE's Multispectral Thermal Imager (MTI). Estimates of isolated cloud opacities are a necessary first step in correcting radiances from surface targets that are visible in the midst of a broken-cloud field. This type of advanced atmospheric correction is badly needed in remote sensing applications such as nonproliferation detection were waiting for a cloud-free look in the indefinite future is not a viable option.

  7. Co-design of software and hardware to implement remote sensing algorithms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Theiler, J. P. (James P.); Frigo, J. (Janette); Gokhale, M. (Maya); Szymanski, J. J. (John J.)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Both for offline searches through large data archives and for onboard computation at the sensor head, there is a growing need for ever-more rapid processing of remote sensing data. For many algorithms of use in remote sensing, the bulk of the processing takes place in an 'inner loop' with a large number of simple operations. For these algorithms, dramatic speedups can often be obtained with specialized hardware. The difficulty and expense of digital design continues to limit applicability of this approach, but the development of new design tools is making this approach more feasible, and some notable successes have been reported. On the other hand, it is often the case that processing can also be accelerated by adopting a more sophisticated algorithm design. Unfortunately, a more sophisticated algorithm is much harder to implement in hardware, so these approaches are often at odds with each other. With careful planning, however, it is sometimes possible to combine software and hardware design in such a way that each complements the other, and the final implementation achieves speedup that would not have been possible with a hardware-only or a software-only solution. We will in particular discuss the co-design of software and hardware to achieve substantial speedup of algorithms for multispectral image segmentation and for endmember identification.

  8. AIRBORNE, OPTICAL REMOTE SENSING OF METHANE AND ETHANE FOR NATURAL GAS PIPELINE LEAK DETECTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jerry Myers

    2003-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Ophir Corporation was awarded a contract by the U. S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory under the Project Title ''Airborne, Optical Remote Sensing of Methane and Ethane for Natural Gas Pipeline Leak Detection'' on October 14, 2002. This second six-month technical report summarizes the progress made towards defining, designing, and developing the hardware and software segments of the airborne, optical remote methane and ethane sensor. The most challenging task to date has been to identify a vendor capable of designing and developing a light source with the appropriate output wavelength and power. This report will document the work that has been done to identify design requirements, and potential vendors for the light source. Significant progress has also been made in characterizing the amount of light return available from a remote target at various distances from the light source. A great deal of time has been spent conducting laboratory and long-optical path target reflectance measurements. This is important since it helps to establish the overall optical output requirements for the sensor. It also reduces the relative uncertainty and risk associated with developing a custom light source. The data gathered from the optical path testing has been translated to the airborne transceiver design in such areas as: fiber coupling, optical detector selection, gas filters, and software analysis. Ophir will next, summarize the design progress of the transceiver hardware and software development. Finally, Ophir will discuss remaining project issues that may impact the success of the project.

  9. E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced laser remote Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    50 Summary: and the applications to fundamental science of gravitational wave detection, remote sensing, and laser induced fusion... Group Early advances in lasers --- 2009 a...

  10. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Sea Ice Remote Sensing Using AMSR-E 89 GHz Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bremen, Universität

    JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Sea Ice Remote Sensing Using AMSR progress in sea ice concentration remote sensing by satellite microwave radiometers has been stimulated, a new algorithm enables to estimate sea ice concentration from the channels near 90 GHz, despite the en

  11. Kb, A., et al.(2002):The new remote sensing derived Swiss glacier inventory: II. First results. Annals of Glaciology. 34. pp 362-366.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kääb, Andreas

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the 1973 area. In order to track the latest trend in more detail, an intermediate glacier condition hasKääb, A., et al.(2002):The new remote sensing derived Swiss glacier inventory: II. First results. Annals of Glaciology. 34. pp 362-366. The new remote sensing derived Swiss glacier inventory: II. First

  12. IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN APPLIED EARTH OBSERVATIONS AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 5, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2012 3 Foreword to the Special Issue on Optical Multiangular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Jenny (Qian)

    IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN APPLIED EARTH OBSERVATIONS AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 5, NO. 1 that reflect solar radiation depend on the relative direction of incoming and outgoing photons (which is often, the observational space of a remote sensing system should include three major dimensions: spectral, spatial

  13. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 37, NO. 3, MAY 1999 1597 First Results of the POLDER "Earth Radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 37, NO. 3, MAY 1999 1597 First Results-- The POLDER instrument is devoted to global observations of the solar radiation reflected by the earth Terms--Clouds, polarization, remote sensing. I. INTRODUCTION HUMAN activities are increasing

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 52, NO. 7, JULY 2014 4281 A Decade of QuikSCAT Scatterometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 52, NO. 7, JULY 2014 4281 A Decade of Quik remote sensing, sea ice, SeaWinds. I. INTRODUCTION WIND scatterometers are satellite-borne radars of sea ice impedes heat transfer between the relatively warm ocean and cool at- mosphere. In addition

  15. 3708 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 47, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2009 Retrieval of Atmospheric Water Vapor Density With

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reising, Steven C.

    3708 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 47, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2009 Retrieval, remote sensing, water vapor. Manuscript received November 1, 2008; revised May 2, 2009 and August 8, 2009 the latent heat of vaporization is a principal mechanism for the transport of energy from the equatorial

  16. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 41, NO. 8, AUGUST 2003 1821 Large-Scale Inverse Ku-Band Backscatter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 41, NO. 8, AUGUST 2003 1821 Large influences heat exchange, fresh water exchange, and the absorption of solar radiation and is be- lieved to be a sensitive indicator of long-term climate trends [1], [2]. Consequently, the remote sensing community has

  17. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 38, NO. 4, JULY 2000 1843 An Iterative Approach to Multisensor Sea Ice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 38, NO. 4, JULY 2000 1843 An Iterative play a critical role in the global climate, the remote sensing community has had a keen interest in the variability of polar sea ice characteris- tics. Sea ice influences heat transfer between the warmer ocean

  18. IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN APPLIED EARTH OBSERVATIONS AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 3, NO. 1, MARCH 2010 91 GPS Multipath and Its Relation to Near-Surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Small, Eric

    IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN APPLIED EARTH OBSERVATIONS AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 3, NO. 1 than 0.1 cm3 cm3. Index Terms--Global positioning system, remote sensing, soil measurements. I and latent heat flux from the land surface to the atmosphere. At large scales, these fluxes affect weather

  19. Presented as SPIE Optics+Photonics 2007 Coastal Ocean Remote Sensing Conf. paper 6680-33 Aug. 27, San Diego, CA 1 Submerged turbulence detection with optical satellites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Deli

    Presented as SPIE Optics+Photonics 2007 Coastal Ocean Remote Sensing Conf. paper 6680-33 Aug. 27. These were part of the RASP Remote Anthropogenic Sensing Program. Ikonos and Quickbird optical satellite) turbulence in outfall fossil turbulence patches that transmit heat, mass, chemical species, momentum

  20. SEPTEMBER 2011 VOLUME 4 NUMBER 3 IJSTHZ (ISSN 1939-1404) SPECIAL ISSUE ON HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING IN EARTH OBSERVATION AND REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plaza, Antonio J.

    1939-1404) SPECIAL ISSUE ON HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING IN EARTH OBSERVATION AND REMOTE SENSING Foreword to the Special Issue on High Performance Computing in Earth Observation and Remote Sensing .................................... ................................................................ C. A. Lee, S. D. Gasster, A. Plaza, C.-I Chang, and B. Huang 508 High Performance Computing

  1. Investigating impacts of natural and human-induced environmental changes on hydrological processes and flood hazards using a GIS-based hydrological/hydraulic model and remote sensing data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Lei

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    a GISbased hydrological and hydraulic modeling system, which incorporates state-of-the-art remote sensing data to simulate flood under various scenarios. The conceptual framework and technical issues of incorporating multi-scale remote sensing data...

  2. Hyperspectral remote sensing analysis of short rotation woody crops grown with controlled nutrient and irrigation treatments.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Im, Jungho; Jensen, John R.; Coleman, Mark; Nelson, Eric

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract - Hyperspectral remote sensing research was conducted to document the biophysical and biochemical characteristics of controlled forest plots subjected to various nutrient and irrigation treatments. The experimental plots were located on the Savannah River Site near Aiken, SC. AISA hyperspectral imagery were analysed using three approaches, including: (1) normalized difference vegetation index based simple linear regression (NSLR), (2) partial least squares regression (PLSR) and (3) machine-learning regression trees (MLRT) to predict the biophysical and biochemical characteristics of the crops (leaf area index, stem biomass and five leaf nutrients concentrations). The calibration and cross-validation results were compared between the three techniques. The PLSR approach generally resulted in good predictive performance. The MLRT approach appeared to be a useful method to predict characteristics in a complex environment (i.e. many tree species and numerous fertilization and/or irrigation treatments) due to its powerful adaptability.

  3. UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) HYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING FOR DRYLAND VEGETATION MONITORING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nancy F. Glenn; Jessica J. Mitchell; Matthew O. Anderson; Ryan C. Hruska

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    UAV-based hyperspectral remote sensing capabilities developed by the Idaho National Lab and Idaho State University, Boise Center Aerospace Lab, were recently tested via demonstration flights that explored the influence of altitude on geometric error, image mosaicking, and dryland vegetation classification. The test flights successfully acquired usable flightline data capable of supporting classifiable composite images. Unsupervised classification results support vegetation management objectives that rely on mapping shrub cover and distribution patterns. Overall, supervised classifications performed poorly despite spectral separability in the image-derived endmember pixels. Future mapping efforts that leverage ground reference data, ultra-high spatial resolution photos and time series analysis should be able to effectively distinguish native grasses such as Sandberg bluegrass (Poa secunda), from invasives such as burr buttercup (Ranunculus testiculatus) and cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum).

  4. Sampling, characterization, and remote sensing of aerosols formed in the atmospheric hydrolysis of uranium hexafluoride

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bostick, W.D.; McCulla, W.H.; Pickrell, P.W.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When gaseous uranium hexafluoride (UF/sub 6/) is released into the atmosphere, it rapidly reacts with ambient moisture to form an aerosol of uranyl fluoride (UO/sub 2/F/sub 2/) and hydrogen fluoride (HF). As part of our Safety Analysis program, we have performed several experimental releases of HF/sub 6/ in contained volumes in order to investigate techniques for sampling and characterizing the aerosol materials. The aggregate particle morphology and size distribution have been found to be dependent upon several conditions, including the temperature of the UF/sub 6/ at the time of its release, the relative humidity of the air into which it is released, and the elapsed time after the release. Aerosol composition and settling rate have been investigated using stationary samplers for the separate collection of UO/sub 2/F/sub 2/ and HF and via laser spectroscopic remote sensing (Mie scatter and infrared spectroscopy). 25 refs., 16 figs., 5 tabs.

  5. FokYingTung Remote Sensing Science Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    H33 H26 H24 H22 H21a H17b H17a H17 H12 H11 H8 H3a H4 H2a C30 C9C3d C3c C3b C3a C3 C1a C1 Entrance walk away. By Train and Shuttle Bus (HK$4.5 per trip) The shuttle light bus service between the Univer

  6. QUANTITATIVE REMOTE SENSING: HORNS REV WIND FARM CASE STUDY C. B. Hasager, M. Nielsen, M. B. Christiansen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    QUANTITATIVE REMOTE SENSING: HORNS REV WIND FARM CASE STUDY C. B. Hasager, M. Nielsen, M. B at IFREMER/CERSAT are used to estimate wind patterns near the Horns Rev wind farm located in the North Sea, Denmark. At this site a large offshore wind farm (80 2MW-turbines) is in operation. The study includes

  7. IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. X, NO. X, NOVEMBER 200X 1 Digital Topography Models for Martian Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stepinski, Tomasz F.

    IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. X, NO. X, NOVEMBER 200X 1 Digital Topography Models for Martian Surfaces Tomasz Stepinski and Ricardo Vilalta Abstract-- We introduce a concept of the digital topography model, an extension to the familiar notion of the digital elevation model. The new

  8. IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. X, NO. X, NOVEMBER 200X 1 Digital Topography Models for Martian Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vilalta, Ricardo

    IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. X, NO. X, NOVEMBER 200X 1 Digital Topography Models for Martian Surfaces Tomasz Stepinski and Ricardo Vilalta Abstract-- We propose to use and geologic mapping of the planet. We construct a digital topography model (DTM), a multi-layer grid

  9. Remote sensing data of biomass and fire history were used to characterise woodland degradation across the landscape (fig. 2). Fires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remote sensing data of biomass and fire history were used to characterise woodland degradation. Results MODEL OUTPUT There is potential for considerable biomass variation as a result of fire (fig. 3 biomass woodlands are particularly vulnerable to degradation, though were also found to be capable

  10. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 36, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 1998 1609 Automatic Contrail Detection and Segmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher, Sundar A.

    in Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) imagery with a high degree of confidence. Once contrails Radiometer (AVHRR), jet contrails, remote sensing. I. INTRODUCTION THE RADIATIVE energy budget of the earth is impractical and highly subject to human error. It is far better to have a system in place

  11. Acoustic remote sensing of the sea bed using propeller noise from a light aircraft Michael J. Buckingham

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckingham, Michael

    - 1 - Acoustic remote sensing of the sea bed using propeller noise from a light aircraft Michael J instrumentation is deployed from a surface ship or, in near-coastal waters, fixed installations such as towers and piers. In certain circumstances, however, a conventional deployment platform is not practicable

  12. IMPROVED MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING OF HURRICANE WIND SPEED AND RAIN RATES USING THE HURRICANE IMAGING RADIOMETER (HIRAD)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruf, Christopher

    IMPROVED MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING OF HURRICANE WIND SPEED AND RAIN RATES USING THE HURRICANE) that measures wind speed and rain rate along the ground track directly beneath the aircraft. This paper presents are presented, which illustrate wind speed and rain rate measurement spatial resolutions and swath coverage. 1

  13. PhD in Cryosphere Geophysics The Cryosphere Geophysics and Remote Sensing group (CryoGARs) at Boise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    PhD in Cryosphere Geophysics The Cryosphere Geophysics and Remote Sensing group (CryoGARs) at Boise on the GrIS. A solid background in field geophysics is preferred. The successful applicant will join the CryoGars group and Center for Geophysical Investigation of the Shallow Subsurface (CGISS) at Boise

  14. Using remotely sensed solar radiation data for reference1 evapotranspiration estimation at a daily time step2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Using remotely sensed solar radiation data for reference1 evapotranspiration estimation: +33 5 57 35 07 59. Email: k-van-leeuwen@enitab.fr13 14 15 Abstract16 Solar radiation is an important database, which displays spatialized19 solar radiation data at a daily time step for Europe and Africa

  15. Use of land surface remotely sensed satellite and airborne data for environmental exposure assessment in cancer research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cancer and environmental contaminants, focusing primarily on agricultural chemical exposure assessmentUse of land surface remotely sensed satellite and airborne data for environmental exposure assessment in cancer research SUSAN K. MAXWELLa , JAYMIE R. MELIKERb AND PIERRE GOOVAERTSc a U.S. Geological

  16. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 49, NO. 4, APRIL 2011 1343 Operational and Performance Considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerekes, John

    of acquisition conditions. Real ground-truthed hyperspectral data are employed in or- der to evaluate] and demonstrated to be a pow- erful tool in many remote-sensing applications. Hyperspectral sensors can measure high material discriminability. For systems operating in the 0.4 ÷ 2.5 µm range, spanning the visible/near-infrared

  17. An evaporation test based on Thermal Infra Red Remote-Sensing to select appropriate soil hydraulic properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    An evaporation test based on Thermal Infra Red Remote- Sensing to select appropriate soil hydraulic to estimate common soil hydraulic properties at regional scale. Since they rely on an empirical link between at large scales. Here we propose a method for selecting appropriate soil hydraulic properties based

  18. POC algorithms based on spectral remote sensing data and its temporal and spatial variability in the Gulf of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Son, Young Baek

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    and POC with synchronous remote sensing data. The purpose of the second study is to develop POC algorithms in the Gulf of Mexico based on satellite data using numerical methods and to compare POC estimates with spectral radiance. The purpose of the third...

  19. INT. J. REMOTE SENSING, 2003, VOL. 24, NO. 5, 11271133 Wind driven upwelling in the Gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INT. J. REMOTE SENSING, 2003, VOL. 24, NO. 5, 1127­1133 Wind driven upwelling in the Gulf of Nicoya within a day (Barton et al. 1993, Trasvin~a et al. 1995). During November­March, small cooling events Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data several cool- ing events were identified in the GN during the first three

  20. Final Report for the MANNRRSS II Program Management of Nevada's Natural Resources with Remote Sensing Systems, Beatty, NV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lester Miller; Brian Horowitz; Chris Kratt; Tim Minor; Stephen F. Zitzer; James. V. Taranik; Zan L. Aslett; Todd O. Morken

    2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides the Final Report on the Management of Nevada’s Natural Resources with Remote Sensing Systems (MANNRRSS) II program. This is a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)-funded project tasked with utilizing hyperspectral and ancillary electro-optical instrumentation data to create an environmental characterization of an area directly adjacent to the Nevada Test Site (NTS).

  1. VEGETATION COVER ANALYSIS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE SITES IN UTAH AND ARIZONA USING HYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Serrato, M.; Jungho, I.; Jensen, J.; Jensen, R.; Gladden, J.; Waugh, J.

    2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Remote sensing technology can provide a cost-effective tool for monitoring hazardous waste sites. This study investigated the usability of HyMap airborne hyperspectral remote sensing data (126 bands at 2.3 x 2.3 m spatial resolution) to characterize the vegetation at U.S. Department of Energy uranium processing sites near Monticello, Utah and Monument Valley, Arizona. Grass and shrub species were mixed on an engineered disposal cell cover at the Monticello site while shrub species were dominant in the phytoremediation plantings at the Monument Valley site. The specific objectives of this study were to: (1) estimate leaf-area-index (LAI) of the vegetation using three different methods (i.e., vegetation indices, red-edge positioning (REP), and machine learning regression trees), and (2) map the vegetation cover using machine learning decision trees based on either the scaled reflectance data or mixture tuned matched filtering (MTMF)-derived metrics and vegetation indices. Regression trees resulted in the best calibration performance of LAI estimation (R{sup 2} > 0.80). The use of REPs failed to accurately predict LAI (R{sup 2} < 0.2). The use of the MTMF-derived metrics (matched filter scores and infeasibility) and a range of vegetation indices in decision trees improved the vegetation mapping when compared to the decision tree classification using just the scaled reflectance. Results suggest that hyperspectral imagery are useful for characterizing biophysical characteristics (LAI) and vegetation cover on capped hazardous waste sites. However, it is believed that the vegetation mapping would benefit from the use of 1 higher spatial resolution hyperspectral data due to the small size of many of the vegetation patches (< 1m) found on the sites.

  2. Results of the remote sensing feasibility study for the uranium hexafluoride storage cylinder yard program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balick, L.K.; Bowman, D.R. [Bechtel Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States). Remote Sensing Lab.; Bounds, J.H. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)] [and others

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US DOE manages the safe storage of approximately 650,000 tons of depleted uranium hexafluoride remaining from the Cold War. This slightly radioactive, but chemically active, material is contained in more than 46,000 steel storage cylinders that are located at Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Paducah, Kentucky; and Portsmouth, Ohio. Some of the cylinders are more than 40 years old, and approximately 17,500 are considered problem cylinders because their physical integrity is questionable. These cylinders require an annual visual inspection. The remainder of the 46,000-plus cylinders must be visually inspected every four years. Currently, the cylinder inspection program is extremely labor intensive. Because these inspections are accomplished visually, they may not be effective in the early detection of leaking cylinders. The inspection program requires approximately 12--14 full-time-equivalent (FTE) employees. At the cost of approximately $125K per FTE, this translates to $1,500K per annum just for cylinder inspection. As part of the technology-development portion of the DOE Cylinder Management Program, the DOE Office of Facility Management requested the Remote Sensing Laboratory (RSL) to evaluate remote sensing techniques that have potential to increase the effectiveness of the inspection program and, at the same time, reduce inspection costs and personnel radiation exposure. During two site visits (March and May 1996) to the K-25 Site at Oak Ridge, TN, RSL personnel tested and characterized seven different operating systems believed to detect leakage, surface contamination, thickness and corrosion of cylinder walls, and general area contamination resulting from breached cylinders. The following techniques were used and their performances are discussed: Laser-induced fluorescent imaging; Long-range alpha detection; Neutron activation analysis; Differential gamma-ray attenuation; Compton scatterometry; Active infrared inspection; and Passive thermal infrared imaging.

  3. AIRBORNE, OPTICAL REMOTE SENSING OF METHANE AND ETHANE FOR NATURAL GAS PIPLINE LEAK DETECTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jerry Myers

    2004-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Ophir Corporation was awarded a contract by the U. S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory under the Project Title ''Airborne, Optical Remote Sensing of Methane and Ethane for Natural Gas Pipeline Leak Detection'' on October 14, 2002. The third six-month technical report contains a summary of the progress made towards finalizing the design and assembling the airborne, remote methane and ethane sensor. The vendor has been chosen and is on contract to develop the light source with the appropriate linewidth and spectral shape to best utilize the Ophir gas correlation software. Ophir has expanded upon the target reflectance testing begun in the previous performance period by replacing the experimental receiving optics with the proposed airborne large aperture telescope, which is theoretically capable of capturing many times more signal return. The data gathered from these tests has shown the importance of optimizing the fiber optic receiving fiber to the receiving optic and has helped Ophir to optimize the design of the gas cells and narrowband optical filters. Finally, Ophir will discuss remaining project issues that may impact the success of the project.

  4. GIScience & Remote Sensing, 2012, 49, No. 3, p. 317345. http://dx.doi.org/10.2747/1548-1603.49.3.317 Copyright 2012 by Bellwether Publishing, Ltd. All rights reserved.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    and can be remotely sensed from satellites (Savage et al., 2010). GHF rep- resents only heat coming from317 GIScience & Remote Sensing, 2012, 49, No. 3, p. 317­345. http://dx.doi.org/10. Remote sensing is a component of the current geothermal monitoring plan. Landsat satellite data have

  5. AIRBORNE, OPTICAL REMOTE SENSING OF METHANE AND ETHANE FOR NATURAL GAS PIPELINE LEAK DETECTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jerry Myers

    2003-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Ophir Corporation was awarded a contract by the U. S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory under the Project Title ''Airborne, Optical Remote Sensing of Methane and Ethane for Natural Gas Pipeline Leak Detection'' on October 14, 2002. This six-month technical report summarizes the progress for each of the proposed tasks, discusses project concerns, and outlines near-term goals. Ophir has completed a data survey of two major natural gas pipeline companies on the design requirements for an airborne, optical remote sensor. The results of this survey are disclosed in this report. A substantial amount of time was spent on modeling the expected optical signal at the receiver at different absorption wavelengths, and determining the impact of noise sources such as solar background, signal shot noise, and electronic noise on methane and ethane gas detection. Based upon the signal to noise modeling and industry input, Ophir finalized the design requirements for the airborne sensor, and released the critical sensor light source design requirements to qualified vendors. Responses from the vendors indicated that the light source was not commercially available, and will require a research and development effort to produce. Three vendors have responded positively with proposed design solutions. Ophir has decided to conduct short path optical laboratory experiments to verify the existence of methane and absorption at the specified wavelength, prior to proceeding with the light source selection. Techniques to eliminate common mode noise were also evaluated during the laboratory tests. Finally, Ophir has included a summary of the potential concerns for project success and has established future goals.

  6. Systematic evaluation of satellite remote sensing for identifying uranium mines and mills.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blair, Dianna Sue; Stork, Christopher Lyle; Smartt, Heidi Anne; Smith, Jody Lynn

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report, we systematically evaluate the ability of current-generation, satellite-based spectroscopic sensors to distinguish uranium mines and mills from other mineral mining and milling operations. We perform this systematic evaluation by (1) outlining the remote, spectroscopic signal generation process, (2) documenting the capabilities of current commercial satellite systems, (3) systematically comparing the uranium mining and milling process to other mineral mining and milling operations, and (4) identifying the most promising observables associated with uranium mining and milling that can be identified using satellite remote sensing. The Ranger uranium mine and mill in Australia serves as a case study where we apply and test the techniques developed in this systematic analysis. Based on literature research of mineral mining and milling practices, we develop a decision tree which utilizes the information contained in one or more observables to determine whether uranium is possibly being mined and/or milled at a given site. Promising observables associated with uranium mining and milling at the Ranger site included in the decision tree are uranium ore, sulfur, the uranium pregnant leach liquor, ammonia, and uranyl compounds and sulfate ion disposed of in the tailings pond. Based on the size, concentration, and spectral characteristics of these promising observables, we then determine whether these observables can be identified using current commercial satellite systems, namely Hyperion, ASTER, and Quickbird. We conclude that the only promising observables at Ranger that can be uniquely identified using a current commercial satellite system (notably Hyperion) are magnesium chlorite in the open pit mine and the sulfur stockpile. Based on the identified magnesium chlorite and sulfur observables, the decision tree narrows the possible mineral candidates at Ranger to uranium, copper, zinc, manganese, vanadium, the rare earths, and phosphorus, all of which are milled using sulfuric acid leaching.

  7. Improving Rangeland Monitoring and Assessment: Integrating Remote Sensing, GIS, and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert Paul Breckenridge

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Creeping environmental changes are impacting some of the largest remaining intact parcels of sagebrush steppe ecosystems in the western United States, creating major problems for land managers. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL), located in southeastern Idaho, is part of the sagebrush steppe ecosystem, one of the largest ecosystems on the continent. Scientists at the INL and the University of Idaho have integrated existing field and remotely sensed data with geographic information systems technology to analyze how recent fires on the INL have influenced the current distribution of terrestrial vegetation. Three vegetation mapping and classification systems were used to evaluate the changes in vegetation caused by fires between 1994 and 2003. Approximately 24% of the sagebrush steppe community on the INL was altered by fire, mostly over a 5-year period. There were notable differences between methods, especially for juniper woodland and grasslands. The Anderson system (Anderson et al. 1996) was superior for representing the landscape because it includes playa/bare ground/disturbed area and sagebrush steppe on lava as vegetation categories. This study found that assessing existing data sets is useful for quantifying fire impacts and should be helpful in future fire and land use planning. The evaluation identified that data from remote sensing technologies is not currently of sufficient quality to assess the percentage of cover. To fill this need, an approach was designed using both helicopter and fixed wing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and image processing software to evaluate six cover types on field plots located on the INL. The helicopter UAV provided the best system compared against field sampling, but is more dangerous and has spatial coverage limitations. It was reasonably accurate for dead shrubs and was very good in assessing percentage of bare ground, litter and grasses; accuracy for litter and shrubs is questionable. The fixed wing system proved to be feasible and can collect imagery for very large areas in a short period of time. It was accurate for bare ground and grasses. Both UAV systems have limitations, but these will be reduced as the technology advances. In both cases, the UAV systems collected data at a much faster rate than possible on the ground. The study concluded that improvements in automating the image processing efforts would greatly improve use of the technology. In the near future, UAV technology may revolutionize rangeland monitoring in the same way Global Positioning Systems have affected navigation while conducting field activities.

  8. Satellite Remote Sensing of Air Pollution in Mega CitiesSatellite Remote Sensing of Air Pollution in Mega Cities Sundar A. Christopher 1; J.Wang1; P. Gupta 1; M.A. Box2; and G.P. Box2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jun

    Satellite Remote Sensing of Air Pollution in Mega CitiesSatellite Remote Sensing of Air Pollution, consistent, and cost-effective way for monitoring air pollution. Using Terra/Aqua data, we demonstrate (PM2.5) is an important tool for evaluating air quality. However, PM2.5 has larger spatiotemporal

  9. Remote optical sensing on the nanometer scale with a bowtie aperture nano-antenna on a SNOM fiber tip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atie, Elie M; Eter, Ali El; Salut, Roland; Nedeljkovic, Dusan; Tannous, Tony; Baida, Fadi I; Grosjean, Thierry

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plasmonic nano-antennas have proven the outstanding ability of sensing chemical and physical processes down to the nano-meter scale. Sensing is usually achieved within the highly confined optical fields generated resonantly by the nano-antennas, i.e. in contact to the nano-structures. In these paper, We demonstrate the sensing capability of nano-antennas to their larger scale environment, well beyond their plasmonic confinement volume, leading to the concept of 'remote' (non contact) sensing on the nano-meter scale. On the basis of a bowtie-aperture nano-antenna (BNA) integrated at the apex of a SNOM fiber tip, we introduce an ultra-compact, move-able and background-free optical nano-sensor for the remote sensing of a silicon surface (up to distance of 300 nm). Sensitivity of the BNA to its large scale environment is high enough to expect the monitoring and control of the spacing between the nano-antenna and a silicon surface with sub-nano-meter accuracy. This work paves the way towards a new class of nano-po...

  10. Remote Job Testing for the Neutron Science TeraGrid Gateway

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lynch, Vickie E [ORNL; Cobb, John W [ORNL; Miller, Stephen D [ORNL; Reuter, Michael A [ORNL; Smith, Bradford C [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Remote job execution gives neutron science facilities access to high performance computing such as the TeraGrid. A scientific community can use community software with a community certificate and account through a common interface of a portal. Results show this approach is successful, but with more testing and problem solving, we expect remote job executions to become more reliable.

  11. Computed tomography and optical remote sensing: Development for the study of indoor air pollutant transport and dispersion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drescher, A.C.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates the mixing and dispersion of indoor air pollutants under a variety of conditions using standard experimental methods. It also extensively tests and improves a novel technique for measuring contaminant concentrations that has the potential for more rapid, non-intrusive measurements with higher spatial resolution than previously possible. Experiments conducted in a sealed room support the hypothesis that the mixing time of an instantaneously released tracer gas is inversely proportional to the cube root of the mechanical power transferred to the room air. One table-top and several room-scale experiments are performed to test the concept of employing optical remote sensing (ORS) and computed tomography (CT) to measure steady-state gas concentrations in a horizontal plane. Various remote sensing instruments, scanning geometries and reconstruction algorithms are employed. Reconstructed concentration distributions based on existing iterative CT techniques contain a high degree of unrealistic spatial variability and do not agree well with simultaneously gathered point-sample data.

  12. Large-scale functional models of visual cortex for remote sensing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brumby, Steven P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kenyon, Garrett [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rasmussen, Craig E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swaminarayan, Sriram [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bettencourt, Luis [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Landecker, Will [PORTLAND STATE UNIV.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neuroscience has revealed many properties of neurons and of the functional organization of visual cortex that are believed to be essential to human vision, but are missing in standard artificial neural networks. Equally important may be the sheer scale of visual cortex requiring {approx}1 petaflop of computation. In a year, the retina delivers {approx}1 petapixel to the brain, leading to massively large opportunities for learning at many levels of the cortical system. We describe work at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to develop large-scale functional models of visual cortex on LANL's Roadrunner petaflop supercomputer. An initial run of a simple region VI code achieved 1.144 petaflops during trials at the IBM facility in Poughkeepsie, NY (June 2008). Here, we present criteria for assessing when a set of learned local representations is 'complete' along with general criteria for assessing computer vision models based on their projected scaling behavior. Finally, we extend one class of biologically-inspired learning models to problems of remote sensing imagery.

  13. Remote sensing-based characterization of plant functional type distributions at the Barrow Environmental Observatory

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Kumar, Jitendra; Hoffman, Forrest M.

    Arctic ecosystems have been observed to be warming faster than the global average and are predicted to experience accelerated changes in climate due to global warming. Arctic vegetation is particularly sensitive to warming conditions and likely to exhibit shifts in species composition, phenology and productivity under changing climate. Mapping and monitoring of changes in vegetation is essential to understand the effect of climate change on the ecosystem functions. Vegetation exhibits unique spectral characteristics which can be harnessed to discriminate plant types and develop quantitative vegetation indices. We have combined high resolution multi-spectral remote sensing from the WorldView 2 satellite with LIDAR-derived digital elevation models to characterize the tundra landscape on the North Slope of Alaska. Classification of landscape using spectral and topographic characteristics yields spatial regions with expectedly similar vegetation characteristics. A field campaign was conducted during peak growing season to collect vegetation harvests from a number of 1m x 1m plots in the study region, which were then analyzed for distribution of vegetation types in the plots. Statistical relationships were developed between spectral and topographic characteristics and vegetation type distributions at the vegetation plots. These derived relationships were employed to statistically upscale the vegetation distributions for the landscape based on spectral characteristics. Vegetation distributions developed are being used to provide Plant Functional Type (PFT) maps for use in the Community Land Model (CLM).

  14. Remote sensing-based characterization, 2-m, Plant Functional Type Distributions, Barrow Environmental Observatory, 2010

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Zachary Langford; Forrest Hoffman; Jitendra Kumar

    Arctic ecosystems have been observed to be warming faster than the global average and are predicted to experience accelerated changes in climate due to global warming. Arctic vegetation is particularly sensitive to warming conditions and likely to exhibit shifts in species composition, phenology and productivity under changing climate. Mapping and monitoring of changes in vegetation is essential to understand the effect of climate change on the ecosystem functions. Vegetation exhibits unique spectral characteristics which can be harnessed to discriminate plant types and develop quantitative vegetation indices. We have combined high resolution multi-spectral remote sensing from the WorldView 2 satellite with LIDAR-derived digital elevation models to characterize the tundra landscape on the North Slope of Alaska. Classification of landscape using spectral and topographic characteristics yields spatial regions with expectedly similar vegetation characteristics. A field campaign was conducted during peak growing season to collect vegetation harvests from a number of 1m x 1m plots in the study region, which were then analyzed for distribution of vegetation types in the plots. Statistical relationships were developed between spectral and topographic characteristics and vegetation type distributions at the vegetation plots. These derived relationships were employed to statistically upscale the vegetation distributions for the landscape based on spectral characteristics. Vegetation distributions developed are being used to provide Plant Functional Type (PFT) maps for use in the Community Land Model (CLM).

  15. Remote sensing-based characterization, 2-m, Plant Functional Type Distributions, Barrow Environmental Observatory, 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zachary Langford; Forrest Hoffman; Jitendra Kumar

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arctic ecosystems have been observed to be warming faster than the global average and are predicted to experience accelerated changes in climate due to global warming. Arctic vegetation is particularly sensitive to warming conditions and likely to exhibit shifts in species composition, phenology and productivity under changing climate. Mapping and monitoring of changes in vegetation is essential to understand the effect of climate change on the ecosystem functions. Vegetation exhibits unique spectral characteristics which can be harnessed to discriminate plant types and develop quantitative vegetation indices. We have combined high resolution multi-spectral remote sensing from the WorldView 2 satellite with LIDAR-derived digital elevation models to characterize the tundra landscape on the North Slope of Alaska. Classification of landscape using spectral and topographic characteristics yields spatial regions with expectedly similar vegetation characteristics. A field campaign was conducted during peak growing season to collect vegetation harvests from a number of 1m x 1m plots in the study region, which were then analyzed for distribution of vegetation types in the plots. Statistical relationships were developed between spectral and topographic characteristics and vegetation type distributions at the vegetation plots. These derived relationships were employed to statistically upscale the vegetation distributions for the landscape based on spectral characteristics. Vegetation distributions developed are being used to provide Plant Functional Type (PFT) maps for use in the Community Land Model (CLM).

  16. Remote sensing-based characterization of plant functional type distributions at the Barrow Environmental Observatory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Jitendra; Hoffman, Forrest M.

    2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Arctic ecosystems have been observed to be warming faster than the global average and are predicted to experience accelerated changes in climate due to global warming. Arctic vegetation is particularly sensitive to warming conditions and likely to exhibit shifts in species composition, phenology and productivity under changing climate. Mapping and monitoring of changes in vegetation is essential to understand the effect of climate change on the ecosystem functions. Vegetation exhibits unique spectral characteristics which can be harnessed to discriminate plant types and develop quantitative vegetation indices. We have combined high resolution multi-spectral remote sensing from the WorldView 2 satellite with LIDAR-derived digital elevation models to characterize the tundra landscape on the North Slope of Alaska. Classification of landscape using spectral and topographic characteristics yields spatial regions with expectedly similar vegetation characteristics. A field campaign was conducted during peak growing season to collect vegetation harvests from a number of 1m x 1m plots in the study region, which were then analyzed for distribution of vegetation types in the plots. Statistical relationships were developed between spectral and topographic characteristics and vegetation type distributions at the vegetation plots. These derived relationships were employed to statistically upscale the vegetation distributions for the landscape based on spectral characteristics. Vegetation distributions developed are being used to provide Plant Functional Type (PFT) maps for use in the Community Land Model (CLM).

  17. Remote Sensing Analysis of the Sierra Blanca (Faskin Ranch) Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Site, Hudspeth County, Texas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LeMone, D. V.; Dodge, R.; Xie, H.; Langford, R. P.; Keller, G. R.

    2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Remote sensing images provide useful physical information, revealing such features as geological structure, vegetation, drainage patterns, and variations in consolidated and unconsolidated lithologies. That technology has been applied to the failed Sierra Blanca (Faskin Ranch) shallow burial low-level radioactive waste disposal site selected by the Texas Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Authority. It has been re-examined using data from LANDSAT satellite series. The comparison of the earlier LANDSAT V (5/20/86) (30-m resolution) with the later new, higher resolution ETM imagery (10/23/99) LANDSAT VII data (15-m resolution) clearly shows the superiority of the LANDSAT VII data. The search for surficial indications of evidence of fatal flaws at the Sierra Blanca site utilizing was not successful, as it had been in the case of the earlier remote sensing analysis of the failed Fort Hancock site utilizing LANDSAT V data. The authors conclude that the tectonic activity at the Sierra Blanca site is much less recent and active than in the previously studied Fort Hancock site. The Sierra Blanca site failed primarily on the further needed documentation concerning a subsurface fault underneath the site and environmental justice issues. The presence of this fault was not revealed using the newer LANDSAT VII data. Despite this fact, it must be remembered that remote sensing provides baseline documentation for determining future physical and financial remediation responsibilities. On the basis of the two sites examined by LANDSAT remote sensing imaging, it is concluded that it is an essential, cost-effective tool that should be utilized not only in site examination but also in all nuclear-related facilities.

  18. European Journal of Remote Sensing -2013, 46: 623-640 doi: 10.5721/EuJRS20134637 Received 24/12/2012, accepted 25/09/2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    data mining techniques such as decision trees, neural networks, and K-means clustering have become of the Italian Society of Remote Sensing www.aitjournal.com Comparison of standard maximum likelihood

  19. GIScience & Remote Sensing, 2010, 47, No. 4, p. 460479. DOI: 10.2747/1548-1603.47.4.460 Copyright 2010 by Bellwether Publishing, Ltd. All rights reserved.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    460 GIScience & Remote Sensing, 2010, 47, No. 4, p. 460­479. DOI: 10 for Estimating Terrestrial Emittance and Geothermal Heat Flux for Yellowstone National Park Using Landsat Imagery (YNP) is legally mandated to monitor geo- thermal features for their future preservation, and remote

  20. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 43, NO. 8, AUGUST 2005 1763 Effects of AirSea Interaction Parameters on Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reising, Steven C.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 43, NO. 8, AUGUST 2005 1763 Effects of Air retrievals.Such coordinated observations were performed during the Fluxes, Air­Sea Inter- action, and Remote velocity, heat fluxes, and significant wave height. The measured dependence of ocean surface emissivity

  1. Toward a National Early Warning System for Forest Disturbances Using Remotely Sensed Canopy Phenology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HargroveJr., William Walter [USDA Forest Service; Spruce, Joe [NASA Stennis Space Center; Gasser, Gerry [NASA Stennis Space Center; Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Imagine a national system with the ability to quickly identify forested areas under attack from insects or disease. Such an early warning system might minimize surprises such as the explosion of caterpillars referred to in the quotation to the left. Moderate resolution (ca. 500m) remote sensing repeated at frequent (ca. weekly) intervals could power such a monitoring system that would respond in near real-time. An ideal warning system would be national in scope, automated, able to improve its prognostic ability with experience, and would provide regular map updates online in familiar and accessible formats. Such a goal is quite ambitious - analyzing vegetation change weekly at a national scale with moderate resolution is a daunting task. The foremost challenge is discerning unusual or unexpected disturbances from the normal backdrop of seasonal and annual changes in vegetation conditions. A historical perspective is needed to define a 'baseline' for expected, normal behavior against which detected changes can be correctly interpreted. It would be necessary to combine temperature, precipitation, soils, and topographic information with the remotely sensed data to discriminate and interpret the changing vegetation conditions on the ground. Conterminous national coverage implies huge data volumes, even at a moderate resolution (250-500m), and likely requires a supercomputing capability. Finally, such a national warning system must carefully balance the rate of successful threat detection with false positives. Since 2005, the USDA Forest Service has partnered with the NASA Stennis Space Center and Oak Ridge National Laboratory to develop methods for monitoring environmental threats, including native insects and diseases, wildfire, invasive pests and pathogens, tornados, hurricanes, and hail. These tools will be instrumental in helping the Forest Service's two Environmental Threat Assessment Centers better meet their Congressional mandate to help track the health of the Nation's forests and rangelands. We envision two scales of forest monitoring: (1) a strategic, satellite-based monitoring of broad regions to identify particular locations where threats are suspected (i.e., early warning), and (2) a fine-scale, tactical tier consisting of airborne overflights and on-the-ground monitoring to check the validity of warnings from the upper tier. The tactical tier is already largely in place within the Forest Service and its State collaborators, consisting of aerial detection surveys (sketch mapping from aircraft), ground surveys, and trapping programs. However, these efforts are expensive and labor-intensive, can be dangerous, and may not provide sufficient broad-area coverage. Far from replacing the tactical tier, the national system will rely on the finer-scale efforts to confirm, validate, and attribute causes of detected forest disturbances. One important objective of the national warning system will be to help direct the focus of the tactical tier, making their efforts more cost efficient and effective.

  2. On-Road Emissions in Asia Measured by Remote Sensing. Donald H. Stedman and Gary A. Bishop,University of Denver, Department of Chemistry and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Emissions in Asia Measured by Remote Sensing. Donald H. Stedman and Gary A. Bishop Analysis, Tiburon, California 94920 ABSTRACT On-road emissions are precisely the emissions which sensing measures mass emissions of CO, HC, NO and smoke per kg (or per L) of fuel burned. On

  3. GREEN FUNCTIONS FOR MULTIPLE SCATTERING AS MATHEMATICAL TOOLS FOR DENSE CLOUD REMOTE SENSING: THEORY, WITH PASSIVE AND ACTIVE APPLICATIONS.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, A. B. (Anthony B.); Marshak, A. (Alexander); Cahalan, R. F. (Robert F.)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We survey radiative Green function theory (1) in linear transport theory where numerical procedures are required to obtain specific results and (2) in the photon diffusion limit (large optical depths) where it is analytically tractable, at least for homogeneous plane-parallel media. We then describe two recent applications of Green function theory to passive cloud remote sensing in the presence of strong three-dimensional transport effects. Finally, we describe recent instrumental breakthroughs in 'off-beam' cloud lidar which is based on direct measurements of radiative Green functions with special attention to the data collected during the Shuttle-based Lidar In-space Technology Experiment (LITE) mission.

  4. Remote Sensing Assessment Of Karez Irrigation Systems And Archaeological Resources In Maywand District, Kandahar Province, Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egitto, Antoinette

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation focuses on the history, diffusion, and cultural significance of the karez, a form of traditional irrigation system, based on a case study of Maywand District in Kandahar Province, Afghanistan. Remote ...

  5. Remote Sensing and Sea-Truth Measurements of Methane Flux to the Atmosphere (HYFLUX project)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ian MacDonald

    2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A multi-disciplinary investigation of distribution and magnitude of methane fluxes from seafloor gas hydrate deposits in the Gulf of Mexico was conducted based on results obtained from satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) remote sensing and from sampling conducted during a research expedition to three sites where gas hydrate occurs (MC118, GC600, and GC185). Samples of sediments, water, and air were collected from the ship and from an ROV submersible using sediments cores, niskin bottles attached to the ROV and to a rosette, and an automated sea-air interface collector. The SAR images were used to quantify the magnitude and distribution of natural oil and gas seeps that produced perennial oil slicks on the ocean surface. A total of 176 SAR images were processed using a texture classifying neural network algorithm, which segmented the ocean surface into oil-free and oil-covered water. Geostatistical analysis indicates that there are a total of 1081 seep formations distributed over the entire Gulf of Mexico basin. Oil-covered water comprised an average of 780.0 sq. km (sd 86.03) distributed with an area of 147,370 sq. km. Persistent oil and gas seeps were also detected with SAR sampling on other ocean margins located in the Black Sea, western coast of Africa, and offshore Pakistan. Analysis of sediment cores from all three sites show profiles of sulfate, sulfide, calcium and alkalinity that indicated anaerobic oxidation of methane with precipitation of authigenic carbonates. Difference among the three sampling sites may reflect the relative magnitude of methane flux. Methane concentrations in water column samples collected by ROV and rosette deployments from MC118 ranged from {approx}33,000 nM at the seafloor to {approx}12 nM in the mixed layer with isolated peaks up to {approx}13,670 nM coincident with the top of the gas hydrate stability field. Average plume methane, ethane, and propane concentrations in the mixed layer are 7, 630, and 9,540 times saturation, respectively. Based on the contemporaneous wind speeds at this site, contemporary estimates of the diffusive fluxes from the mixed layer to the atmosphere for methane, ethane, and propane are 26.5, 2.10, and 2.78 {micro}mol/m{sup 2}d, respectively. Continuous measurements of air and sea surface concentrations of methane were made to obtain high spatial and temporal resolution of the diffusive net sea-to-air fluxes. The atmospheric methane fluctuated between 1.70 ppm and 2.40 ppm during the entire cruise except for high concentrations (up to 4.01 ppm) sampled during the end of the occupation of GC600 and the transit between GC600 and GC185. Results from interpolations within the survey areas show the daily methane fluxes to the atmosphere at the three sites range from 0.744 to 300 mol d-1. Considering that the majority of seeps in the GOM are deep (>500 m), elevated CH{sub 4} concentrations in near-surface waters resulting from bubble-mediated CH4 transport in the water column are expected to be widespread in the Gulf of Mexico.

  6. Remote Sensing Observations from MTI Satellites and GMS Over Tropical Island of Nauru

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection Technical s o Freiberge s 3 c/) ReleaseRemote Access AmesJ.E.M.Remote

  7. This article has been accepted for inclusion in a future issue of this journal. Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Small, Eric

    as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 Effects), radar, reflec- tometry, remote sensing, soil. I. INTRODUCTION NEAR-surface soil moisture has been heat fluxes [5]. Manuscript received December 1, 2011; revised May 13, 2012, August 27, 2012

  8. A Taylor & Francis Journal: International Journal of Remote Sensings-E... http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/boards/tres-edbrd.asp 1 of 1 1/24/2005 5:21 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Ramesh P.

    A Taylor & Francis Journal: International Journal of Remote Sensings- E... http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals Listing Journals by Subject New Journals Advertising Copyright Transfer FAQs Customer Services Email Preview LibSite Books eBooks Editor-in-Chief: A. P. Cracknell - International Journal of Remote Sensing

  9. Lidar Remote Sensing of the Canopy Structure and Biophysical Properties of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lefsky, Michael

    infrequently measured, from either field or remote used in predictive equations generated by the stepwise Laboratory, Pacific exceeds 3 has been less successful (e.g., Sader et al., Northwest Research Station, Corvallis Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, primarily in the temperate and tropical

  10. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 6,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    in combustion. Mass emissions per mass or volume of fuel can also be determined. The system used in this study and 2004. The remote sensor used in this study is capable of measuring the ratios of CO, HC, and NO to CO2 in motor vehicle exhaust. From these ratios, we calculate the percent concentrations of CO, CO2, HC

  11. Remote sensing data exploiration for geologic characterization of difficult targets : Laboratory Directed Research and Development project 38703 final report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Costin, Laurence S.; Walker, Charles A.; Lappin, Allen R.; Hayat, Majeed M. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Ford, Bridget K.; Paskaleva, Biliana (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Moya, Mary M.; Mercier, Jeffrey Alan (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Stormont, John C. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Smith, Jody Lynn

    2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Characterizing the geology, geotechnical aspects, and rock properties of deep underground facility sites can enhance targeting strategies for both nuclear and conventional weapons. This report describes the results of a study to investigate the utility of remote spectral sensing for augmenting the geological and geotechnical information provided by traditional methods. The project primarily considered novel exploitation methods for space-based sensors, which allow clandestine collection of data from denied sites. The investigation focused on developing and applying novel data analysis methods to estimate geologic and geotechnical characteristics in the vicinity of deep underground facilities. Two such methods, one for measuring thermal rock properties and one for classifying rock types, were explored in detail. Several other data exploitation techniques, developed under other projects, were also examined for their potential utility in geologic characterization.

  12. ERSDAC and Its ActivityERSDAC and Its ActivityERSDAC and Its Activity ERSDACERSDACEarth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Center, Tokyo, Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Exploration and Exploitation · Monitoring , Management of Agriculture(rice, wheat) and Forestry. · Disaster and Reflection Radiometer) - NASA, U.S. - CERESCERES ((Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System) MISRMISR) Remote Sensing Data Center Operation of ASTER "Ground Data System" (GDS) and PALSAR GDS · Production

  13. Master's thesis: "Wind speed measurements in an offshore wind farm by remote sensing: Comparison of radar satellite TerraSAR-X and ground-based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peinke, Joachim

    Master's thesis: "Wind speed measurements in an offshore wind farm by remote sensing: Comparison of the Offshore wind farm alpha ventus with 12 wind turbines, substation and met mast Fino1. Southerly winds cause (wake) caused by wind farms and especially for the interaction of large offshore wind farms, which can

  14. OPERATIONAL REMOTE SENSING METHODS TO DERIVE SNOW PROPERTIES FOR HYDROLOGICAL MODELLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

    sensing methods to derive snow properties using both optical and SAR data are presented of NOAA- AVHRR data. Processing consists of calibration, geometric correction and classification including. In order to derive snow properties from SAR, radiometric and geometric correction tools for ERS were

  15. Aerosol Remote Sensing Using Ground-Based Measurements and POLDER Airborne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chami, Malik

    . ©Elsevier Science Inc., 1998 instrument. We flew over the Straits of Dover. The main goal of this activity coefficients com-* Laboratoire d'Optique Atmosphe´rique, Universite´ du Littoral Co^te d'Opale, Station Marine) ©Elsevier Science Inc., 1998 0034-4257/98

  16. Aerosol remote sensing over land: A comparison of satellite retrievals using different algorithms and instruments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Zhanqing

    Federal Environmental Agency, Spittelauer Lände 5, 1090 Wien, Austria h Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center, University of Maryland (UMD), 2114C Computer and Space Sciences Building, MD 20742, USA on the analysis of backscattered solar light is presented for a single scene over central Europe on October 13th

  17. Vegetation Cover Analysis of Hazardous Waste Sites in Utah and Arizona Using Hyperspectral Remote Sensing

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartmentDepartment of Energy Photo of aRemote Sens. 2012,

  18. Remote Sensing J.E.M. Goldsmith, M. Lapp, and S. E. Bisson Sandia National Laboratories

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection Technical s o Freiberge s 3 c/) ReleaseRemote Access AmesJ.E.M.

  19. Remote Sensing of Cirrus Particle Size Vertical Profile Using 1.38 μm

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection Technical s o Freiberge s 3 c/) ReleaseRemote AccessSpectrum and

  20. REMOTE SENSING TOOLS FOR LAND AND WATER MANAGEMENT IN DATA SCARCE BLUE NILE BASIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    quality and changes in the data holding policy has made water resources data less reliable for use at the International Institute for Geo ­ Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC) in Enschede, the Netherlands

  1. Critical Evaluation of the ISCCP Simulator Using Ground-Based Remote Sensing Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mace, G G; Houser, S; Benson, S; Klein, S A; Min, Q

    2009-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Given the known shortcomings in representing clouds in Global Climate Models (GCM) comparisons with observations are critical. The International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) diagnostic products provide global descriptions of cloud top pressure and column optical depth that extends over multiple decades. The necessary limitations of the ISCCP retrieval algorithm require that before comparisons can be made between model output and ISCCP results the model output must be modified to simulate what ISCCP would diagnose under the simulated circumstances. We evaluate one component of the so-called ISCCP simulator in this study by comparing ISCCP and a similar algorithm with various long-term statistics derived from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) Climate Research Facility ground-based remote sensors. We find that were a model to simulate the cloud radiative profile with the same accuracy as can be derived from the ARM data, then the likelihood of that occurrence being placed in the same cloud top pressure and optical depth bin as ISCCP of the 9 bins that have become standard ranges from 30% to 70% depending on optical depth. While the ISCCP simulator improved the agreement of cloud-top pressure between ground-based remote sensors and satellite observations, we find minor discrepancies due to the parameterization of cloud top pressure in the ISCCP simulator. The primary source of error seems to be related to discrepancies in visible optical depth that are not accounted for in the ISCCP simulator. We show that the optical depth discrepancies are largest when the assumptions necessary for plane parallel radiative transfer optical depths retrievals are violated.

  2. Geothermal Target Areas in Colorado as Identified by Remote Sensing Techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussein, Khalid

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Citation Information: Originator: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Publication Date: 2012 Title: Target Areas Edition: First Publication Information: Publication Place: Earth Science & Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado Publisher: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Description: This layer contains the areas identified as targets of potential geothermal activity. The Criteria used to identify the target areas include: hot/warm surface exposures modeled from ASTER/Landsat satellite imagery and geological characteristics, alteration mineral commonly associated with hot springs (clays, Si, and FeOx) modeled from ASTER and Landsat data, Coloradodo Geological Survey (CGS) known thermal hot springs/wells and heat-flow data points, Colorado deep-seated fault zones, weakened basement identified from isostatic gravity data, and Colorado sedimentary and topographic characteristics Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4546251.530446 m Left: 151398.567298 m Right: 502919.587395 m Bottom: 4095100.068903 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Contact Person: Khalid Hussein Address: CIRES, Ekeley Building Earth Science & Observation Center (ESOC) 216 UCB City: Boulder State: CO Postal Code: 80309-0216 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 303-492-6782 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System ’1984 (WGS ’1984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file

  3. Curriculum Vitae Sucharita Gopal Department of Earth and Environment & Center for Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutyra, Lucy R.

    , Madras University, Madras, India. 1979-1980 BEd, Madras University, Madras, India. 1977-1979 MSc in Geography, Madras University, Madras, India. 1974-1977 BA in Geography, Madras University, Madras, India: Science, People and public policy in managing and sus

  4. Dr. Yeqiao (Y.Q.) Wang Professor in Terrestrial Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Y.Q. "Yeqiao"

    & Mapping: Chinese Academy of Science, 1987. B.Sc., Physics/Geography: Northeast Normal University, China Environmental Scientist, Center for Environmental Restoration Systems, Energy Systems Division, Argonne National, reporting and forecasting the ecological conditions of the Appalachian National Scenic Trail" funded by NASA

  5. Ecological Modelling 127 (2000) 6579 Can a vegetation index derived from remote sensing be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    be indicative of areal transpiration? Jozsef Szilagyi * Conser6ation and Sur6ey Di6ision, Uni6ersity of Nebraska-mail address: jszilagyi1@unl.edu (J. Szilagyi) 0304-3800/00/$ - see front matter © 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. PII: S0304-3800(99)00200-8 #12;J. Szilagyi / Ecological Modelling 127 (2000) 65

  6. Final Report on the Development of an Improved Cloud Microphysical Product for Model and Remote Sensing Evaluation using RACORO Observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McFarquhar, Greg

    2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We proposed to analyze data collected during the Routine Aerial Facilities (AAF) Clouds with Low Optical Water Depths (CLOWD) Optical Radiative Observations (RACORO) in order to develop an integrated product of cloud microphysical properties (number concentration of drops in different size bins, total liquid drop concentration integrated over all bin sizes, liquid water content LWC, extinction of liquid clouds bw, effective radius of water drops re, and radar reflectivity factor) that could be used to evaluate large-eddy simulations (LES), general circulation models (GCMs) and ground-based remote sensing retrievals, and to develop cloud parameterizations with the end goal of improving the modeling of cloud processes and properties and their impact on atmospheric radiation. We have completed the development of this microphysical database and have submitted it to ARM for consideration of its inclusion on the ARM database as a PI product. This report describes the development of this database, and also describes research that has been conducted on cloud-aerosol interactions using the data obtained during RACORO. A list of conference proceedings and publications is also included.

  7. Satellite-based remote sensing of cirrus clouds: hyperspectral radiative transfer modeling, analysis of uncertainties in in-situ cloud extinction measurements and intercomparison of cirrus retrievals from a-train instruments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Zhibo

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation consists of three parts, each devoted to a particular issue of significant importance for satellite-based remote sensing of cirrus clouds. In the first part, we develop and present a fast infrared radiative transfer model...

  8. International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, 20th, Nairobi, Kenya, Dec. 4-10, 1986, Proceedings. Volumes 1, 2, and 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Papers concerning remote sensing and the environment are presented, including topics such as information for decision making, global monitoring and research, information systems for resource management, environmental monitoring and desertification, and early warning of environmental causes of African famine. Other aspects covered are geology and mineral resources, hydrology and water resources, agriculture and food resources, forestry and rangeland resources, mapping and charting, ocean and coastal applications, and earth observation systems for resource and environmental assessment. The use of Landsat MSS and TM, SIR, SPOT, MOMS, Meteosat, and NOAA/AVHRR data, computer based geographic information systems, gold exploration, groundwater survey, flood monitoring, crop estimations, rangeland monitoring, wildlife tracking, coral reef studies, coastal change detection, international cooperation in remote sensing, monitoring sand movement, structural analysis, mapping sediments, image processing, rainfall assessment, watershed management, biomass energy mapping, impacts of dam construction, vegetation mapping, extraction of hydrological parameters, remote sensing of urban environments, space maps, topographic mapping, Fourier models for interpreting thermal-IR imagery, and the monitoring of landuse changes.

  9. Terrestrial Remotely Sensed Imagery in Support of Public Health: New Avenues of Research Using Object-Based Image Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Maggi

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    heat events in urban environments by integrating sociodemographic risk factors with estimates of land surface temperature derived from thermal remote

  10. Science Potential from a Europa Lander

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappalardo, R.T.

    The prospect of a future soft landing on the surface of Europa is enticing, as it would create science opportunities that could not be achieved through flyby or orbital remote sensing, with direct relevance to Europa's ...

  11. HYPERSPECTRALHYPERSPECTRALHYPERSPECTRALHYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE SENSINGREMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    Mapping Forestry Resource management Oceanography Hyperspectral Geology Mining Mapping Ecology Surveillance Data

  12. Multispectral Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    module Propulsion module Power module #12;12 Components of the Landsat 4 and 5 Thematic Mapper #12 are Transformed into Useful Information #12;2 Aqua Terra TRMM SeaWiFS Aura Meteor/ SAGE GRACE ICESat Cloudsat;9 Orbit Tracks of Landsat 1, 2, or 3 During A Single Day of Coverage Components of the Landsat

  13. REMOTE SENSING GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -ASTER that operate in visible, near infrared and short wave infrared wavelengths of electromagnetic spectrum and Reflection Radiometer) Imagery Collection in CPRM Examples of sensors used in the CPRM geologic projects #12

  14. Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to us, like reflective ("nearreflective ("near--" infrared (0.7" infrared (0.7 -- 3.03.0 µµm)m) andand near-infrared far infrared ultraviolet Thermal Infrared refers to region o EM spectrum from ~3 - 14 µm.landscape. IMPORTANT: NEARIMPORTANT: NEAR--INFRARED is short enough wavelength toINFRARED is short enough wavelength

  15. A STUDY OF EXTRACTIVE AND REMOTE-SENSING SAMPLING AND MEASUREMENT OF EMISSIONS FROM MILITARY AIRCRAFT ENGINES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, Mengdawn [ORNL; Corporan, E. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aircraft emissions contribute to the increased atmospheric burden of particulate matter (e.g., black carbon and secondary organic compounds) that plays a role in air quality, contrail formation and climate change. Sampling and measurement of modern aircraft emissions at the engine exhaust plane (EEP) for to engine and fuel certification remains a daunting task, no agency-certified method is available for the task. In this paper we summarize the results of a recent study that was devoted to investigate both extractive and optical remote-sensing (ORS) technologies in sampling and measurement of gaseous and particulate matter (PM) emitted by a number of military aircraft engines operated with JP-8 and a Fischer-Tropsch (FT) fuel at various engine conditions. These engines include cargo, bomber, and helicopter types of military aircraft that consumes 70-80% of the military aviation fuel each year. The emission indices of selected pollutants are discussed as these data may be of interest for atmospheric modeling and for design of air quality control strategies around the airports and military bases. It was found that non-volatile particles in the engine emissions were all in the ultrafine range. The mean diameter of particles increased as the engine power increased; the mode diameters were in the 20nm range for the low power condition of a new helicopter engine to 80nm for the high power condition of a newly maintained bomber engine. Elemental analysis indicated little metals were present on particles in the exhaust, while most of the materials on the exhaust particles were based on carbon and sulfate. Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide, sulfur dioxide, formaldehyde, ethylene, acetylene, propylene, and alkanes were detected using both technologies. The last five species (in the air toxics category) were most noticeable only under the low engine power. The emission indices calculated based on the ORS data were however observed to differ significantly (up to 90%) from (typically lower than) those based on the extractive techniques. However, the ORS techniques were useful in providing non-intrusive real-time measurements of gaseous species in the exhaust plume, which warrants further development. The results obtained in this program validate sampling methodology and measurement techniques used for non-volatile PM aircraft emissions as described in the SAE AIR-6037.

  16. Penetration of UV-visible solar radiation in the global oceans: Insights from ocean color remote sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penetration of UV-visible solar radiation in the global oceans: Insights from ocean color remote 2013. [1] Penetration of solar radiation in the ocean is determined by the attenuation coefficient (Kd. Lewis, R. Arnone, and R. Brewin (2013), Penetration of UV-visible solar radiation in the global oceans

  17. IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. 3, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2006 541 Estimation of Systematic Errors of MODIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Shunlin

    and in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 40471098. R. G. Liu and J. Y. Liu Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China (e-mail: liurg before launch [4], the small change in the optical status of MODIS instru- ments from voltage change, gas

  18. Aerosol Remote Sensing over Clouds Using A-Train Observations F. WAQUET, J. RIEDI, L. C. LABONNOTE, AND P. GOLOUB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , AND P. GOLOUB Laboratoire d'Optique Atmosphe´rique, Universite´ des Sciences et Technologies de Lille´ AND D. TANRE´ Laboratoire d'Optique Atmosphe´rique, Universite´ des Sciences et Technologies de Lille Reflectances (POLDER)­Polarization and Anisotropy of Reflectances for Atmospheric Sciences Coupled with Obser

  19. Low-altitude remote sensing dataset of DEM and RGB mosaic for AB corridor on July 13 2013 and L2 corridor on July 21 2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Baptiste Dafflon

    Low-altitude remote sensing dataset including DEM and RGB mosaic for AB (July 13 2013) and L2 corridor (July 21 2013).Processing flowchart for each corridor:Ground control points (GCP, 20.3 cm square white targets, every 20 m) surveyed with RTK GPS. Acquisition of RGB pictures using a Kite-based platform. Structure from Motion based reconstruction using hundreds of pictures and GCP coordinates. Export of DEM and RGB mosaic in geotiff format (NAD 83, 2012 geoid, UTM zone 4 north) with pixel resolution of about 2 cm, and x,y,z accuracy in centimeter range (less than 10 cm). High-accuracy and high-resolution inside GCPs zone for L2 corridor (500x20m), AB corridor (500x40) DEM will be updated once all GCPs will be measured. Only zones between GCPs are accurate although all the mosaic is provided.

  20. Integrating Remote Sensing, Field Observations, and Models to Understand Disturbance and Climate Effects on the Carbon Balance of the West Coast U.S.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, Warren [USDA Forest Service] [USDA Forest Service

    2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    As an element of NACP research, the proposed investigation is a two pronged approach that derives and evaluates a regional carbon (C) budget for Oregon, Washington, and California. Objectives are (1) Use multiple data sources, including AmeriFlux data, inventories, and multispectral remote sensing data to investigate trends in carbon storage and exchanges of CO2 and water with variation in climate and disturbance history; (2) Develop and apply regional modeling that relies on these multiple data sources to reduce uncertainty in spatial estimates of carbon storage and NEP, and relative contributions of terrestrial ecosystems and anthropogenic emissions to atmospheric CO2 in the region; (3) Model terrestrial carbon processes across the region, using the Biome-BGC terrestrial ecosystem model, and an atmospheric inverse modeling approach to estimate variation in rate and timing of terrestrial uptake and feedbacks to the atmosphere in response to climate and disturbance.

  1. Integrating Remote Sensing, Field Observations, and Models to Understand Disturbance and Climate Effects on the Carbon Balance of the West Coast U.S., Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beverly E. Law

    2011-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    As an element of NACP research, the proposed investigation is a two pronged approach that derives and evaluates a regional carbon (C) budget for Oregon, Washington, and California. Objectives are (1) Use multiple data sources, including AmeriFlux data, inventories, and multispectral remote sensing data to investigate trends in carbon storage and exchanges of CO2 and water with variation in climate and disturbance history; (2) Develop and apply regional modeling that relies on these multiple data sources to reduce uncertainty in spatial estimates of carbon storage and NEP, and relative contributions of terrestrial ecosystems and anthropogenic emissions to atmospheric CO2 in the region; (3) Model terrestrial carbon processes across the region, using the Biome-BGC terrestrial ecosystem model, and an atmospheric inverse modeling approach to estimate variation in rate and timing of terrestrial uptake and feedbacks to the atmosphere in response to climate and disturbance.

  2. Cros S., Wald L., 2003. Survey of the main databases providing solar radiation data at ground level. In Proceedings of the 23rd EARSeL Annual Symposium "Remote Sensing in Transition", 2-4 June 2003, Ghent,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Cros S., Wald L., 2003. Survey of the main databases providing solar radiation data at ground level providing solar radiation data at the ground level S. Cros & L. Wald Remote Sensing and Modeling Group, Ecole des Mines de Paris, France Keywords: solar radiation, database, information system, climatology

  3. Basly L., Couvercelle C., Cauneau F., Ranchin T., Wald L., 1999. SAR imagery for urban air quality. In Proceedings of the 18th EARSeL Symposium on Operational Remote Sensing for Sustainable Development, Enschede, The Netherlands, Nieuwenhuis G.,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . In Proceedings of the 18th EARSeL Symposium on Operational Remote Sensing for Sustainable Development, Enschede creates micro- climates such as heat islands where atmospheric reactions are increased (Oke, 1987 of the districts related to the aerodynamic roughness of the ground. Indeed, in a previous study, we have shown

  4. Geography 169: Satellite Remote Sensing and Imaging GIS (2035B Public Policy) Instructor: Laurence C. Smith lsmith@geog.ucla.edu (office hours Tues 3-5:00, 1127A Bunche)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    surface change, environmental monitoring, oceanography, meteorology, and many other fields. Laser: Electromagnetic principles (Ch. 1-2) Th: Multi-spectral remote sensing systems (Ch. 7) Week 3: T: (Lab, and microwave range of the electromagnetic spectrum are covered. Labs are taught using ENVI software, in the SSC

  5. Geography 169: Satellite Remote Sensing and Imaging GIS (2035B Public Policy) Instructor: Laurence C. Smith lsmith@geog.ucla.edu (office hours Wed. 3:00-5:00, 1167 Bunche)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , with applications to land surface change, environmental monitoring, oceanography, meteorology, and many other fields Rolfe) Week 2: T: Electromagnetic principles (Ch. 1-2) Th: Multi-spectral remote sensing systems (Ch. 7, infrared, and microwave range of the electromagnetic spectrum are covered. Labs are taught using ENVI

  6. Geography 169: Satellite Remote Sensing and Imaging GIS (2035B Public Policy) Instructor: Laurence C. Smith lsmith@geog.ucla.edu (office hours Monday 1-2:00, 1127A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to land surface change, environmental monitoring, oceanography, meteorology, and many other fields. Laser: T: Electromagnetic principles (Ch. 1-2) Th: Multi-spectral remote sensing systems (Ch. 7) Week 3: T, and microwave range of the electromagnetic spectrum are covered. Labs are taught using ENVI software, in the SSC

  7. Mini-lidar sensor for the remote stand-off sensing of chemical/biological substances and method for sensing same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ray, Mark D.; Sedlacek, Arthur J.

    2003-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for remote, stand-off, and high efficiency spectroscopic detection of biological and chemical substances. The apparatus including an optical beam transmitter which transmits a beam having an axis of transmission to a target, the beam comprising at least a laser emission. An optical detector having an optical detection path to the target is provided for gathering optical information. The optical detection path has an axis of optical detection. A beam alignment device fixes the transmitter proximal to the detector and directs the beam to the target along the optical detection path such that the axis of transmission is within the optical detection path. Optical information gathered by the optical detector is analyzed by an analyzer which is operatively connected to the detector.

  8. Brochure published and printed by the Center for Remote Sensing and Spatial Analysis, Rutgers University, for the Geospatial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University, for the Geospatial Information Science Graduate Certificate Program, Revised, Sep. '12 of the Certificate Program in Geospatial Information Science: More information on the Geo- Spatial Information@crssa.rutgers.edu Students may also be interested in pursuing the Geospatial Information Systems & Technology Program offered

  9. automated remote plant: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Siegel, Mel 15 Use of remote sensing data to enhance the performance of a hydrodynamic simulation of a partially frozen power plant Engineering Websites Summary: Use of remote...

  10. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 37, NO. 1, JANUARY 1999 21 A Hybrid Experimental/Theoretical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarabandi, Kamal

    Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor of a snow layer over sea ice or on a forest floor. The ability to generate realistic predictions

  11. Editorial: Should We Develop a Sense of Urgency in Science and Technology Development?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In his book A Sense of Urgency, John P. Kotter describes how organizations must develop the right sense of urgency as an enabler for organizational changes necessary to compete in today’s global economy. A surfeit of complacency promotes institutional inertia that solely relies on past accomplishments, people *hoping* that the tomorrow will be an extrapolation of the today. However, the reality is that the marketplace around us changes drastically at an ever-increasing rate of change. Only x number of Fortune 500 companies are still on the list who were there five years ago . Transferring the sense of urgency from a business setting to the nation’s energy and energy security area is critical, Peter Ogden et al. wrote in a 2008 article in the journal Issues Online in Science and Technology. In the article, Ending the Inertia on Energy Policy. A new Strategy to Spur Energy Innovation, he writes, the United States must undergo an innovation revolution. The rate at which the United States is able to develop and deploy new energy technologies will, to a great extent, determine the ultimate speed and cost of the economic transformation

  12. RESEARCH LETTER 2002 Blackwell Science Ltd. http://www.blackwell-science.com/geb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lefsky, Michael

    sensing the quantity and spatial organization of forest biomass. In this study, we compare & Biogeography (2002) 11, 393­399 Blackwell Science, Ltd Lidar remote sensing of above-ground biomass in three to high biomass forests is difficult for conventional optical and radar sensors. Lidar (light detection

  13. Role of the Atmospheric and Oceanic Circulation in the Tropical Pacific SST Changes Nansen-Zhu International Research Centre, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Beijing, China, and Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, Bergen, Norway HUIJUN WANG Nansen Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, and Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center ocean and, furthermore, lead to anomalous positive convergences of heat transport, which is the main

  14. Predicting plant diversity based on remote sensing products in the semi-arid region of Inner Mongolia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noormets, Asko

    Mongolia Ranjeet John a,, Jiquan Chen a,b , Nan Lu a , Ke Guo b , Cunzhu Liang c , Yafen Wei b , Asko Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Inner Mongolia University, Huhehot, 010021, China d) in predicting species richness in the semi-arid region of Inner Mongolia, China. We found that these metrics

  15. Final Report for "Improved Representations of Cloud Microphysics for Model and Remote Sensing Evaluation using Data Collected during ISDAC, TWP-ICE and RACORO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McFarquhar, Greg M. [University of Illinois] University of Illinois

    2003-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We were funded by ASR to use data collected during ISDAC and TWP-ICE to evaluate models with a variety of temporal and spatial scales, to evaluate ground-based remote sensing retrievals and to develop cloud parameterizations with the end goal of improving the modeling of cloud processes and properties and their impact on atmospheric radiation. In particular, we proposed to: 1) Calculate distributions of microphysical properties observed in arctic stratus during ISDAC for initializing and evaluating LES and GCMs, and for developing parameterizations of effective particle sizes, mean fall velocities, and mean single-scattering properties for such models; 2) Improve representations of particle sizes, fall velocities and scattering properties for tropical and arctic cirrus using TWP-ICE, ISDAC and M-PACE data, and to determine the contributions that small ice crystals, with maximum dimensions D less than 50 ?m, make to mass and radiative properties; 3) Study fundamental interactions between clouds and radiation by improving representations of small quasi-spherical particles and their scattering properties. We were additionally funded 1-year by ASR to use RACORO data to develop an integrated product of cloud microphysical properties. We accomplished all of our goals.

  16. special focus: remote remote sensing grows up

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cutting-edge accuracy integration in 3-D tutorial hitting the spot departments president's letter editor. Three factors hamper the breakthrough of photonic ICs. First, the technology previously has lacked the potential to solve the problem of sharp bending radius.4 Another factor limiting the complexity of photonic

  17. DEVELOPMENT OF IMPROVED TECHNIQUES FOR SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING OF CLOUDS AND RADIATION USING ARM DATA, FINAL REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minnis, Patrick [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA

    2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    During the period, March 1997 – February 2006, the Principal Investigator and his research team co-authored 47 peer-reviewed papers and presented, at least, 138 papers at conferences, meetings, and workshops that were supported either in whole or in part by this agreement. We developed a state-of-the-art satellite cloud processing system that generates cloud properties over the Atmospheric Radiation (ARM) surface sites and surrounding domains in near-real time and outputs the results on the world wide web in image and digital formats. When the products are quality controlled, they are sent to the ARM archive for further dissemination. These products and raw satellite images can be accessed at http://cloudsgate2.larc.nasa.gov/cgi-bin/site/showdoc?docid=4&cmd=field-experiment-homepage&exp=ARM and are used by many in the ARM science community. The algorithms used in this system to generate cloud properties were validated and improved by the research conducted under this agreement. The team supported, at least, 11 ARM-related or supported field experiments by providing near-real time satellite imagery, cloud products, model results, and interactive analyses for mission planning, execution, and post-experiment scientific analyses. Comparisons of cloud properties derived from satellite, aircraft, and surface measurements were used to evaluate uncertainties in the cloud properties. Multiple-angle satellite retrievals were used to determine the influence of cloud structural and microphysical properties on the exiting radiation field.

  18. REMOTE SENSING ACTIVITIES Caiti Steele

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ECOLOGICAL STATES SSURGO: 3rd order soil map unit (SMU) polygons obtained for study area Ecological site attributes added to SMU polygons SMU polygons overlain on DOQQs / NAIP imagery SMU polygons cut to delineate ECOLOGICAL STATES Object-based image analysis, particularly promising for state-mapping: Preserves SMU

  19. Remote sensing and forest damage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reid, N.J.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Each year, damage to North American forests caused by insects, diseases, pollution, and fire results in multibillion dollar losses of revenue and resources. To respond to these losses effectively, forest managers need timely information on the location, extent, and spread of the damage. Traditional techniques for monitoring forest damage include high-resolution aerial photography, color infrared photography, and visual reconnaissance mapping. These techniques require visual interpretation of the data and often are somewhat subjective. In addition, because such analyses are time-consuming and costly, many areas of forest are never mapped, and in cases where maps exist, they often are obsolete or incomplete. An airborne imager has been developed to solve the problems of time-consuming visual analysis and interpretations. The Programmable Multispectral Imager measures small changes - invisible by conventional detection methods - in light reflected by the forest canopy. The PMI measures the color an intensity of reflected light and records this information digitally in computer tape aboard an aircraft. This information is then available for later entry into a computer for processing and enhancement. Although airborne imagers have been available for nearly three decades, they have not been used extensively for forest damage assessment or other forestry applications because of their poor sensitivity and their limited number of fixed spectral channels. The PMI is the first of a new generation of imagers that combine high sensitivity with the flexibility of continuous spectral coverage. This allows scientists to evaluate the potential causes and effects of stress on vegetation.

  20. GEOSCIENCES 585 ADVANCED REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    . Topics covered include: field methods, field spectroscopy, textural analysis, spectral mixture analysis analysis (3) Perform advanced concepts in digital image processing including texture analysis, atmospheric reasons (e.g. illness, accident, etc.), the instructor will, at her discretion, decide whether

  1. Remote foods shopping robot system in a supermarket Tetsuo TOMIZAWA, National Inst. of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohya, Akihisa

    Remote foods shopping robot system in a supermarket Tetsuo TOMIZAWA, National Inst as a teleoperated tool for accessing and manipulating remote objects. This system attempts to answer the challenge in this research is to help people buy fresh food in a supermarket from a remote location using the Internet. We

  2. 06 ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGY 11.4 Artificial IntelligenceERASMUS SUBJECT AREA CODES 06.0 Engineering, Technology 11.5 Actuarial Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ljubljana, University of

    and Water Sciences 13.0 Natural Sciences 02.2 Interior Design 07.6 Geodesy, Cartography, Remote Sensing 13 and Traffic Studies 08 HUMANITIES 13.5 Nuclear and High Energy Physics 02.9 Others Architecture, Urban and Information Sciences 04.6 Secretarial Studies 10.0 Law 15.1 Journalism 04.7 Marketing and Sales Management 10

  3. Atmospheric science encompasses meteorology and climatology, as well as fields such as atmospheric chemistry and remote sensing.Atmospheric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oceanography and Meteorology Building.The Doppler weather radar on the roof of the building is a campus Mobile Atmospheric Research and Teaching Radar (SMART-R).This radar is used in national and international

  4. A Sense of the Real: Experimental Writing and the Sciences, 1879-1946

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cecire, Natalia Aki

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    natural progress of its evolution,” he writes, “[medicine]progress—an engine available to nearly any science, including medicine.

  5. int. j. remote sensing, 2001, vol. 22, no. 2 & 3, 275295 Non-isotropy of the upward radiance eld in typical coastal (Case 2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    more importantly, when carrying out at-sea radiometric measurements in support of calibration of remote above the water body (essentially governed by the solar angle). Based on the use of lookup tables (for. In such waters, the optical properties are no longer determined by the sole presence of algal cells

  6. Gamma radiological surveys of the Oak Ridge Reservation, Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant, and Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, 1990-1993, and overview of data processing and analysis by the Environmental Restoration Remote Sensing Program, Fiscal Year 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smyre, J.L.; Moll, B.W.; King, A.L.

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three gamma radiological surveys have been conducted under auspices of the ER Remote Sensing Program: (1) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) (1992), (2) Clinch River (1992), and (3) Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS) (1993). In addition, the Remote Sensing Program has acquired the results of earlier surveys at Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) (1990) and PORTS (1990). These radiological surveys provide data for characterization and long-term monitoring of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) contamination areas since many of the radioactive materials processed or handled on the ORR, PGDP, and PORTS are direct gamma radiation emitters or have gamma emitting daughter radionuclides. High resolution airborne gamma radiation surveys require a helicopter outfitted with one or two detector pods, a computer-based data acquisition system, and an accurate navigational positioning system for relating collected data to ground location. Sensors measure the ground-level gamma energy spectrum in the 38 to 3,026 KeV range. Analysis can provide gamma emission strength in counts per second for either gross or total man-made gamma emissions. Gross count gamma radiation includes natural background radiation from terrestrial sources (radionuclides present in small amounts in the earth`s soil and bedrock), from radon gas, and from cosmic rays from outer space as well as radiation from man-made radionuclides. Man-made count gamma data include only the portion of the gross count that can be directly attributed to gamma rays from man-made radionuclides. Interpretation of the gamma energy spectra can make possible the determination of which specific radioisotopes contribute to the observed man-made gamma radiation, either as direct or as indirect (i.e., daughter) gamma energy from specific radionuclides (e.g., cesium-137, cobalt-60, uranium-238).

  7. Structural investigations at the Coso geothermal area using remote...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    investigations at the Coso geothermal area using remote sensing information, Inyo County, California Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal...

  8. University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    for Organic Agriculture 7 Center for Remote Sensing 7 Center for Renewable Chemicals and Fuels 7 Center Nutrition 16 Forest Resources and Conservation, School of 16 Horticultural Sciences 17 Microbiology and Cell ­ Diagnostic Laboratories 19 Florida Extension Plant Disease Clinic ­ Gainesville 19 Florida Extension Mycology

  9. Applied Physics Laboratory College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    the effects of ocean surface waves on remote sensing techniques and air-sea fluxes of momentum, heat, and gas, and ice, Polar Science Center research- ers have established a year-round observatory in the central basin are especially critical to a Navy commander operating in shallow water. Employing a trained artificial neural

  10. List of subject area codes 01 AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    07.4 Soil and Water Sciences 07.6 Geodesy, Cartography, Remote Sensing 07.7 Meteorology 07.9 Others Administration 10.7 European Community/EU Law 10.9 Others ­ Law 11 MATHEMATICS, INFORMATICS 11.0 Mathematics.4 Microbiology, Biotechnology 13.5 Nuclear and High Energy Physics 13.6 Biochemistry 13.7 Astronomy, Astrophysics

  11. 1088 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 42, NO. 5, MAY 2004 Classification of Contamination in Salt Marsh Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocke, David M.

    of Georgia's Savannah River Ecology Laboratory. M. D. Wilson is with the Savannah River Ecology Laboratory by the National Science Foundation under Contracts ACI 96-19020 and DMS 98-70172, in part by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health under Contract P43 ES04699

  12. BER Science Network Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dart, Eli

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Advanced Scientificthe Directors of the Office of Science, Office of Advanced5 Simulation Data Key Remote Science Drivers Instruments and

  13. Remote radiation dosimetry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Braunlich, P.F.; Tetzlaff, W.; Hegland, J.E.; Jones, S.C.

    1991-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed are methods and apparatus for remotely measuring radiation levels. Such are particularly useful for measuring relatively high levels or dosages of radiation being administered in radiation therapy. They are also useful for more general radiation level measurements where remote sensing from the remaining portions of the apparatus is desirable. The apparatus uses a beam generator, such as a laser beam, to provide a stimulating beam. The stimulating beam is preferably of wavelengths shorter than 6 microns, or more advantageously less than 2 microns. The stimulating beam is used to stimulate a remote luminescent sensor mounted in a probe which emits stored luminescent energy resulting from exposure of the sensor to ionizing radiation. The stimulating beam is communicated to the remote luminescent sensor via a transmissive fiber which also preferably serves to return the emission from the luminescent sensor. The stimulating beam is advantageously split by a beam splitter to create a detector beam which is measured for power during a reading period during which the luminescent phosphor is read. The detected power is preferably used to control the beam generator to thus produce desired beam power during the reading period. The luminescent emission from the remote sensor is communicated to a suitable emission detector, preferably after filtering or other selective treatment to better isolate the luminescent emission. 8 figures.

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 50, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2012 461 Application of QuikSCAT Backscatter to SMAP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montana, University of

    .2174368 energy balance. This has consequential effects on weather and climate patterns and terrestrial carbonDonald is with the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, City College of New York, City University of New York, New York) Institute, City College of New York, City University of New York, New York, NY 10031 USA (e-mail: ronny

  15. acetone vapor sensing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    XI, Universit de 7 ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR PROFILES DERIVED FROM REMOTE-SENSING RADIOMETER MEASUREMENTS CiteSeer Summary: The feasibility and preliminary testing of a low...

  16. HORIZON SENSING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larry G. Stolarczyk

    2003-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    With the aid of a DOE grant (No. DE-FC26-01NT41050), Stolar Research Corporation (Stolar) developed the Horizon Sensor (HS) to distinguish between the different layers of a coal seam. Mounted on mining machine cutter drums, HS units can detect or sense the horizon between the coal seam and the roof and floor rock, providing the opportunity to accurately mine the section of the seam most desired. HS also enables accurate cutting of minimum height if that is the operator's objective. Often when cutting is done out-of-seam, the head-positioning function facilitates a fixed mining height to minimize dilution. With this technology, miners can still be at a remote location, yet cut only the clean coal, resulting in a much more efficient overall process. The objectives of this project were to demonstrate the feasibility of horizon sensing on mining machines and demonstrate that Horizon Sensing can allow coal to be cut cleaner and more efficiently. Stolar's primary goal was to develop the Horizon Sensor (HS) into an enabling technology for full or partial automation or ''agile mining''. This technical innovation (R&D 100 Award Winner) is quickly demonstrating improvements in productivity and miner safety at several prominent coal mines in the United States. In addition, the HS system can enable the cutting of cleaner coal. Stolar has driven the HS program on the philosophy that cutting cleaner coal means burning cleaner coal. The sensor, located inches from the cutting bits, is based upon the physics principles of a Resonant Microstrip Patch Antenna (RMPA). When it is in proximity of the rock-coal interface, the RMPA impedance varies depending on the thickness of uncut coal. The impedance is measured by the computer-controlled electronics and then sent by radio waves to the mining machine. The worker at the machine can read the data via a Graphical User Interface, displaying a color-coded image of the coal being cut, and direct the machine appropriately. The Horizon Sensor program began development in 1998 and experienced three major design phases. The final version, termed HS-3, was commissioned in 2000 with the assistance of the DOE-Mining Industry of the Future program, commercialized in 2002, and has been used 14 times in 12 different mines within the United States. The Horizon Sensor has applications in both underground and surface mining operations. This technology is primarily used in the coal industry, but is also used to mine trona and potash. All horizon sensor components have Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) (United States) and IEC (International) certification. Horizon Sensing saves energy by maximizing cutting efficiency, cutting only desired material. This desired material is cleaner fuel, therefore reducing pollutants to the atmosphere when burned and burning more efficiently. Extracting only desired material increases productivity by reducing or eliminating the cleaning step after extraction. Additionally, this technology allows for deeper mining, resulting in more material gained from one location. The remote sensing tool allows workers to operate the machinery away from the hazards of cutting coal, including noise, breathing dust and gases, and coal and rock splintering and outbursts. The HS program has primarily revolved around the development of the technology. However, the end goal of the program has always been the commercialization of the technology and only within the last 2 years of the program has this goal been realized. Real-time horizon sensing on mining machines is becoming an industry tool. Detailed monitoring of system function, user experience, and mining benefits is ongoing.

  17. Studies of 3D-cloud optical depth from small to very large values, and of the radiation and remote sensing impacts of larger-drop clustering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2007-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We have basically completed all the goals stated in the previous proposal and published or submitted journal papers thereon, the only exception being First-Principles Monte Carlo which has taken more time than expected. We finally finished the comprehensive book on 3D cloud radiative transfer (edited by Marshak and Davis and published by Springer), with many contributions by ARM scientists; this book was highlighted in the 2005 ARM Annual Report. We have also completed (for now) our pioneering work on new models of cloud drop clustering based on ARM aircraft FSSP data, with applications both to radiative transfer and to rainfall. This clustering work was highlighted in the FY07 “Our Changing Planet” (annual report of the US Climate Change Science Program). Our group published 22 papers, one book, and 5 chapters in that book, during this proposal period. All are listed at the end of this section. Below, we give brief highlights of some of those papers.

  18. Quantum Information Science | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Analysis Behavioral Sciences Geographic Information Science and Technology Quantum Information Science Quantum Communication and Security Quantum-Enhanced Sensing Quantum...

  19. Remote File Access 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    Remote File Access 2010 Mac Users Guide #12;Remote File Access: MAC Users Guide 2010 2 Table Remote File Access 11 Part IV: Using Remote File Access 15 Part V: FAQ 24 #12;Remote File Access: MAC Users Guide 2010 3 1. What is Remote File Access? UTS Remote File Access service is provided to enable

  20. An advanced unmanned vehicle for remote applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pletta, J.B.; Sackos, J.

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An autonomous mobile robotic capability is critical to developing remote work applications for hazardous environments. A few potential applications include humanitarian demining and ordnance neutralization, extraterrestrial science exploration, and hazardous waste cleanup. The ability of the remote platform to sense and maneuver within its environment is a basic technology requirement which is currently lacking. This enabling technology will open the door for force multiplication and cost effective solutions to remote operations. The ultimate goal of this work is to develop a mobile robotic platform that can identify and avoid local obstacles as it traverses from its current location to a specified destination. This goal directed autonomous navigation scheme uses the Global Positioning System (GPS) to identify the robot`s current coordinates in space and neural network processing of LADAR range images for local obstacle detection and avoidance. The initial year funding provided by this LDRD project has developed a small exterior mobile robotic development platform and a fieldable version of Sandia`s Scannerless Range Imager (SRI) system. The robotic testbed platform is based on the Surveillance And Reconnaissance ground Equipment (SARGE) robotic vehicle design recently developed for the US DoD. Contingent upon follow-on funding, future enhancements will develop neural network processing of the range map data to traverse unstructured exterior terrain while avoiding obstacles. The SRI will provide real-time range images to a neural network for autonomous guidance. Neural network processing of the range map data will allow real-time operation on a Pentium based embedded processor board.

  1. Load sensing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sohns, Carl W. (Oak Ridge, TN); Nodine, Robert N. (Knoxville, TN); Wallace, Steven Allen (Knoxville, TN)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A load sensing system inexpensively monitors the weight and temperature of stored nuclear material for long periods of time in widely variable environments. The system can include an electrostatic load cell that encodes weight and temperature into a digital signal which is sent to a remote monitor via a coaxial cable. The same cable is used to supply the load cell with power. When multiple load cells are used, vast

  2. BOSTON UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ARTS AND SCIENCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    in climate change and remote sensing studies. He introduced me to the lidar remote sensing technique, which of other scientists working on vegetation lidar remote sensing. I am honored to have Drs. Davis, Phillips in the exchange of heat, momentum, water, and carbon between the land surface and the atmosphere. The rates

  3. Aerosol remote sensing in polar regions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tomasi, C.; Wagener, R.; Kokhanovsky, A. A.; Lupi, A.; Ritter, C.; Smirnov, A.; O Neill, N. T.; Stone, R. S.; Holben, B. N.; Nyeki, S.; Wehrli, C.; Stohl, A.; Mazzola, M.; Lanconelli, C.; Vitale, V.; Stebel, K.; Aaltonen, V.; de Leeuw, G.; Rodriguez, E.; Herber, A. B.; Radionov, V. F.; Zielinski, T.; Petelski, T.; Sakerin, S. M.; Kabanov, D. M.; Xue, Y.; Mei, L.; Istomina, L.; Wagener, R.; McArthur, B.; Sobolewski, P. S.; Kivi, R.; Courcoux, Y.; Larouche, P.; Broccardo, S.; Piketh, S. J.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multi-year sets of ground-based sun-photometer measurements conducted at 12 Arctic sites and 9 Antarctic sites were examined to determine daily mean values of aerosol optical thickness ?(?) at visible and near-infrared wavelengths, from which best-fit values of Ångström's exponent ? were calculated. Analysing these data, the monthly mean values of ?(0.50 ?m) and ? and the relative frequency histograms of the daily mean values of both parameters were determined for winter–spring and summer–autumn in the Arctic and for austral summer in Antarctica. The Arctic and Antarctic covariance plots of the seasonal median values of ? versus ?(0.50 ?m) showed: (i) a considerable increase in ?(0.50 ?m) for the Arctic aerosol from summer to winter–spring, without marked changes in ?; and (ii) a marked increase in ?(0.50 ?m) passing from the Antarctic Plateau to coastal sites, whereas ? decreased considerably due to the larger fraction of sea-salt aerosol. Good agreement was found when comparing ground-based sun-photometer measurements of ?(?) and ? at Arctic and Antarctic coastal sites with Microtops measurements conducted during numerous AERONET/MAN cruises from 2006 to 2013 in three Arctic Ocean sectors and in coastal and off-shore regions of the Southern Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, and the Antarctic Peninsula. Lidar measurements were also examined to characterise vertical profiles of the aerosol backscattering coefficient measured throughout the year at Ny-Ålesund. Satellite-based MODIS, MISR, and AATSR retrievals of ?(?) over large parts of the oceanic polar regions during spring and summer were in close agreement with ship-borne and coastal ground-based sun-photometer measurements. An overview of the chemical composition of mode particles is also presented, based on in-situ measurements at Arctic and Antarctic sites. Fourteen log-normal aerosol number size-distributions were defined to represent the average features of nuclei, accumulation and coarse mode particles for Arctic haze, summer background aerosol, Asian dust and boreal forest fire smoke, and for various background austral summer aerosol types at coastal and high-altitude Antarctic sites. The main columnar aerosol optical characteristics were determined for all 14 particle modes, based on in-situ measurements of the scattering and absorption coefficients. Diurnally averaged direct aerosol-induced radiative forcing and efficiency were calculated for a set of multimodal aerosol extinction models, using various Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function models over vegetation-covered, oceanic and snow-covered surfaces. These gave a reliable measure of the pronounced effects of aerosols on the radiation balance of the surface–atmosphere system over polar regions.

  4. Airborne microwave remote sensing of soil moisture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Quentin Robert

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Studies of Sampling Accuracy Soil Type Variation . Surface Conditions. Lawrence, 1976 Experiment. Finney County, 1976 Experiment Hand County, 1976 Experiment . 1 1 3 4 4 5 7 15 16 16 21 28 31 33 33 33 35 36 36 37 38 39 41 42... 1971 soil and temperature profiles using surface layers 0. 5 cm thick 56 22 Comparison of the response of coherent and noncoherent emissions models for several 1971 soil and temperature profiles using surface layers 1. 0 cm thick . . . . . . . . 57...

  5. Aerosol Retrieval Using Remote-sensed Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yueqing

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    David J. Diner, Wedad A. Abdou, Thomas P. Ackerman, KathleenDavid J. Diner, Wedad A. Abdou, Howard R. Gordon, Ralph A.

  6. Aerosol Retrieval Using Remote-sensed Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yueqing

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1.2 Aerosols Impacts on HumanBayesian Approach for Aerosol Retrieval Using MISR Data 2.1for Including a Richer Variety of Aerosol Compositions . 2.5

  7. Aerosol remote sensing in polar regions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tomasi, C.; Wagener, R.; Kokhanovsky, A. A.; Lupi, A.; Ritter, C.; Smirnov, A.; O Neill, N. T.; Stone, R. S.; Holben, B. N.; Nyeki, S.; et al

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multi-year sets of ground-based sun-photometer measurements conducted at 12 Arctic sites and 9 Antarctic sites were examined to determine daily mean values of aerosol optical thickness ?(?) at visible and near-infrared wavelengths, from which best-fit values of Ångström's exponent ? were calculated. Analysing these data, the monthly mean values of ?(0.50 ?m) and ? and the relative frequency histograms of the daily mean values of both parameters were determined for winter–spring and summer–autumn in the Arctic and for austral summer in Antarctica. The Arctic and Antarctic covariance plots of the seasonal median values of ? versus ?(0.50 ?m) showed: (i)more »a considerable increase in ?(0.50 ?m) for the Arctic aerosol from summer to winter–spring, without marked changes in ?; and (ii) a marked increase in ?(0.50 ?m) passing from the Antarctic Plateau to coastal sites, whereas ? decreased considerably due to the larger fraction of sea-salt aerosol. Good agreement was found when comparing ground-based sun-photometer measurements of ?(?) and ? at Arctic and Antarctic coastal sites with Microtops measurements conducted during numerous AERONET/MAN cruises from 2006 to 2013 in three Arctic Ocean sectors and in coastal and off-shore regions of the Southern Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, and the Antarctic Peninsula. Lidar measurements were also examined to characterise vertical profiles of the aerosol backscattering coefficient measured throughout the year at Ny-Ålesund. Satellite-based MODIS, MISR, and AATSR retrievals of ?(?) over large parts of the oceanic polar regions during spring and summer were in close agreement with ship-borne and coastal ground-based sun-photometer measurements. An overview of the chemical composition of mode particles is also presented, based on in-situ measurements at Arctic and Antarctic sites. Fourteen log-normal aerosol number size-distributions were defined to represent the average features of nuclei, accumulation and coarse mode particles for Arctic haze, summer background aerosol, Asian dust and boreal forest fire smoke, and for various background austral summer aerosol types at coastal and high-altitude Antarctic sites. The main columnar aerosol optical characteristics were determined for all 14 particle modes, based on in-situ measurements of the scattering and absorption coefficients. Diurnally averaged direct aerosol-induced radiative forcing and efficiency were calculated for a set of multimodal aerosol extinction models, using various Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function models over vegetation-covered, oceanic and snow-covered surfaces. These gave a reliable measure of the pronounced effects of aerosols on the radiation balance of the surface–atmosphere system over polar regions.« less

  8. IMPROVED BIOMASS UTILIZATION THROUGH REMOTE FLOW SENSING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Washington University- St. Louis:; ,; Muthanna Al-Dahhan (Principal Investigator); E-mail: muthanna@wustl.edu; ,; Rajneesh Varma; Khursheed Karim; Mehul Vesvikar; Rebecca Hoffman; ,; Oak Ridge National Laboratory:; ,; David Depaoli, (Co-principal investigator); Email: depaolidw@ornl.gov; ,; Thomas Klasson; Alan L. Wintenberg; Charles W Alexander; Lloyd Clonts; ,; Iowa Energy Center; ,; ,; Norm Olson; Email: nolson@energy.iastate.edu

    2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth of the livestock industry provides a valuable source of affordable, sustainable, and renewable bioenergy, while also requiring the safe disposal of the large quantities of animal wastes (manure) generated at dairy, swine, and poultry farms. If these biomass resources are mishandled and underutilized, major environmental problems will be created, such as surface and ground water contamination, odors, dust, ammonia leaching, and methane emission. Anaerobic digestion of animal wastes, in which microorganisms break down organic materials in the absence of oxygen, is one of the most promising waste treatment technologies. This process produces biogas typically containing {approx}65% methane and {approx}35% carbon dioxide. The production of biogas through anaerobic digestion from animal wastes, landfills, and municipal waste water treatment plants represents a large source of renewable and sustainable bio-fuel. Such bio-fuel can be combusted directly, used in internal combustion engines, converted into methanol, or partially oxidized to produce synthesis gas (a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide) that can be converted to clean liquid fuels and chemicals via Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. Different design and mixing configurations of anaerobic digesters for treating cow manure have been utilized commercially and/or tested on a laboratory scale. These digesters include mechanically mixed, gas recirculation mixed, and slurry recirculation mixed designs, as well as covered lagoon digesters. Mixing is an important parameter for successful performance of anaerobic digesters. It enhances substrate contact with the microbial community; improves pH, temperature and substrate/microorganism uniformity; prevents stratification and scum accumulation; facilitates the removal of biogas from the digester; reduces or eliminates the formation of inactive zones (dead zones); prevents settling of biomass and inert solids; and aids in particle size reduction. Unfortunately, information and findings in the literature on the effect of mixing on anaerobic digestion are contradictory. One reason is the lack of measurement techniques for opaque systems such as digesters. Better understanding of the mixing and hydrodynamics of digesters will result in appropriate design, configuration selection, scale-up, and performance, which will ultimately enable avoiding digester failures. Accordingly, this project sought to advance the fundamental knowledge and understanding of the design, scale up, operation, and performance of cow manure anaerobic digesters with high solids loading. The project systematically studied parameters affecting cow manure anaerobic digestion performance, in different configurations and sizes by implementing computer automated radioactive particle tracking (CARPT), computed tomography (CT), and computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and by developing novel multiple-particle CARPT (MP-CARPT) and dual source CT (DSCT) techniques. The accomplishments of the project were achieved in a collaborative effort among Washington University, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and the Iowa Energy Center teams. The following investigations and achievements were accomplished: Systematic studies of anaerobic digesters performance and kinetics using various configurations, modes of mixing, and scales (laboratory, pilot plant, and commercial sizes) were conducted and are discussed in Chapter 2. It was found that mixing significantly affected the performance of the pilot plant scale digester ({approx}97 liter). The detailed mixing and hydrodynamics were investigated using computer automated radioactive particle tracking (CARPT) techniques, and are discussed in Chapter 3. A novel multiple particle tracking technique (MP-CARPT) technique that can track simultaneously up to 8 particles was developed, tested, validated, and implemented. Phase distribution was investigated using gamma ray computer tomography (CT) techniques, which are discussed in Chapter 4. A novel dual source CT (DSCT) technique was developed to measure the phase distribution of dyn

  9. Radar remote sensing of the lower atmosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karimian, Ali

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from ray tracing (solid). (d) Clutter power from maximum rayby ray tracing (solid). (d) Clutter power calculated bysolid) and maximum of ray traces (dashed). (d) Clutter power

  10. Statistical analysis in multispectral remote sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albert, Walter Gerald

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and examines various statistical techniques for their usefulness in crop pre- diction. These techniques include multiple regression, discriminant analysis, and likelihood ratio tests. Other procedures employed in this paper are univsriate and multivariate... analysis of variance. Several transformations are performed on the data, sets in an attempt to increase accuracy for discrimination of crops, Conclu- sions of the work undertaken in this paper are presented, and recommendations are made for further...

  11. Name of Module: Optical Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wichmann, Felix

    calibration, pre-processing of satellite images, arithmetic image operations, principal axis transform, image textures, microwave systems, radar with synthetic aperture (SAR) 3. Module Components Course Name

  12. Remote Sensing ISSN 2072-4292

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    (Figures S1­S10), and tables (Tables S1­S5). S0. List of Abbreviations ANN Artificial Neural Network OPEN CYCLOPES Carbon Cycle and Change in Land Observational Products from an Ensemble of Satellites ENSO EI Niño

  13. Dyke quality assessment by remote sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hack, Robert

    2009 4Reeuwijk - Hack #12;3 Peat dyk (veenkade ­ boezemkade) · 4000 km of peat dykesp y · Peat dykes keep large part of Western Netherlands dry · Peat is highly variable · Difficult what is the strength Oct 2009 13Reeuwijk - Hack Reeuwijk location Peat dyk (veenkade ­ boezemkade) · Peat decays (oxidizes

  14. MSc Remote Sensing The leading degree for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    students to a range of university departments and expertise across fields from monitoring and modelling systems, data acquisition, the electromagnetic spectrum from optical to microwave, interactions systems (GIS) in order to enhance, classify, extract and analyse thematic information for a range

  15. Remote Sensing: A New Tool For Automobile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    : ______________________________________________________________________________________ A New Tool For Automobile Inspection & Maintenance By Dr. Donald H. Stedman Brainerd Phillipson Prof-mandated emissions testing of automobiles in Colorado has decreased emissions, albeit much less than predicted emissions testing protocol, every automobile that's older than four years but not a "classic" must be tested

  16. Remote Sensing Techniques | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, searchRayreviewAl., 2005)CoastalWorshipRemington,

  17. QUANTIFYING FOREST ABOVEGROUND CARBON POOLS AND FLUXES USING MULTI-TEMPORAL LIDAR A report on field monitoring, remote sensing MMV, GIS integration, and modeling results for forestry field validation test to quantify aboveground tree biomass and carbon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee Spangler; Lee A. Vierling; Eva K. Stand; Andrew T. Hudak; Jan U.H. Eitel; Sebastian Martinuzzi

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sound policy recommendations relating to the role of forest management in mitigating atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) depend upon establishing accurate methodologies for quantifying forest carbon pools for large tracts of land that can be dynamically updated over time. Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) remote sensing is a promising technology for achieving accurate estimates of aboveground biomass and thereby carbon pools; however, not much is known about the accuracy of estimating biomass change and carbon flux from repeat LiDAR acquisitions containing different data sampling characteristics. In this study, discrete return airborne LiDAR data was collected in 2003 and 2009 across {approx}20,000 hectares (ha) of an actively managed, mixed conifer forest landscape in northern Idaho, USA. Forest inventory plots, established via a random stratified sampling design, were established and sampled in 2003 and 2009. The Random Forest machine learning algorithm was used to establish statistical relationships between inventory data and forest structural metrics derived from the LiDAR acquisitions. Aboveground biomass maps were created for the study area based on statistical relationships developed at the plot level. Over this 6-year period, we found that the mean increase in biomass due to forest growth across the non-harvested portions of the study area was 4.8 metric ton/hectare (Mg/ha). In these non-harvested areas, we found a significant difference in biomass increase among forest successional stages, with a higher biomass increase in mature and old forest compared to stand initiation and young forest. Approximately 20% of the landscape had been disturbed by harvest activities during the six-year time period, representing a biomass loss of >70 Mg/ha in these areas. During the study period, these harvest activities outweighed growth at the landscape scale, resulting in an overall loss in aboveground carbon at this site. The 30-fold increase in sampling density between the 2003 and 2009 did not affect the biomass estimates. Overall, LiDAR data coupled with field reference data offer a powerful method for calculating pools and changes in aboveground carbon in forested systems. The results of our study suggest that multitemporal LiDAR-based approaches are likely to be useful for high quality estimates of aboveground carbon change in conifer forest systems.

  18. H.Bach,M.Braun,G.Lampart andW.Mauser Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(6), 862876 (2003) EGU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    H.Bach,M.Braun,G.Lampart andW.Mauser 862 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(6), 862876 (2003) © EGU Use of remote sensing for hydrological parameterisation of Alpine catchments H. Bach1 , M. Braun2, which makes the hydrological parameterisation of Alpine catchments difficult. Within a few kilometres

  19. activation analysis technique: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Geography 478 Techniques of Remote Sensing Image Analysis (Earth Observation System Science) Dr of Remote Sensing Image Analysis (Earth Observation System Science) Remote...

  20. activation analysis techniques: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Geography 478 Techniques of Remote Sensing Image Analysis (Earth Observation System Science) Dr of Remote Sensing Image Analysis (Earth Observation System Science) Remote...

  1. Remote Method Invocation Remote Method Invocation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hao, Jin-Kao

    Remote Method Invocation Remote Method Invocation Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer M2 Informatique 2010-2011 1 / 22 #12;Remote Method Invocation Plan Plan 1 Introduction 2 RMI en d´etails 3 Exemple 4 Application 2 / 22 #12;Remote Method Invocation

  2. Remote estimation of carbon dioxide uptake by a Mediterranean forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbulsky, Martín

    to assessing the global carbon budget in a context of climate change (Ciais et al., 2005; Boisvenue & RunningRemote estimation of carbon dioxide uptake by a Mediterranean forest M A R T I´ N F. G A R B U L of the ecology of global change. Current remote sensing methodologies for estimating gross primary productivity

  3. Handleiding Remote Desktop Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galis, Frietson

    Handleiding Remote Desktop Service Versie: 1.3 Remote Desktop Datum: 29-08-2013 #12;2 Configureren Remote Desktop Connection 1) Type in de zoekbalk van Windows 7: "remote" of "mstsc" en start de applicatie "Remote Desktop Connection" zoals in onderstaand voorbeeld wordt getoond. 2) Selecteer "Show

  4. Remote Access

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand Requirements Recently ApprovedReliability Technology earnsRemembering 9-11'sRemote

  5. Remote Femtosecond Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) in a Standoff Detection Regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Stryland, Eric

    Remote Femtosecond Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) in a Standoff Detection Regime C, MD 21005 e Laser Remote Sensing Laboratory, FAMU, 2077 Paul Dirac Dr. Tallahassee, FL, USA 32310 of distances up to and exceeding 80 m utilizing conventional optics.10 As more investigations into the remote

  6. 25Agron. Sustain. Dev. 25 (2005) 2533 INRA, EDP Sciences, 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by soybean litter and these factors can be detected by remote sensing methods in the field. carbon sequestration / cellulose absorption index (CAI) / remote sensing / soil erosion 1. INTRODUCTION Soybeans

  7. Design and development of an airborne microwave radiometer for atmospheric sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scarito, Michael P

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Satellite-based passive microwave remote sensing is a valuable tool for global weather monitoring and prediction. This thesis presents the design and development of a low-cost airborne weather sensing instrument to ...

  8. Inverse problems arise in many areas of science and technology including medical imaging, geophysics, nondestructive testing, industrial process monitoring, remote sensing, and pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hellebrand, Sybille

    instruments. Design and analysis of reliable and computationally effective mathematical solution methods on computational methods for inverse problems in imaging is held at University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio campus in the fields of mathematics, physics or engineering with an interest towards inverse problems. The school

  9. Sandia National Laboratories: REMOTE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    REMOTE Sandia to Partner with MOgene Green Chemicals on ARPA-E REMOTE Project On October 2, 2013, in Energy, News, News & Events, Partnership, Research & Capabilities,...

  10. Load sensing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sohns, C.W.; Nodine, R.N.; Wallace, S.A.

    1999-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A load sensing system inexpensively monitors the weight and temperature of stored nuclear material for long periods of time in widely variable environments. The system can include an electrostatic load cell that encodes weight and temperature into a digital signal which is sent to a remote monitor via a coaxial cable. The same cable is used to supply the load cell with power. When multiple load cells are used, vast inventories of stored nuclear material can be continuously monitored and inventoried of minimal cost. 4 figs.

  11. Multiple node remote messaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blumrich, Matthias A. (Ridgefield, CT); Chen, Dong (Croton on Hudson, NY); Gara, Alan G. (Mount Kisco, NY); Giampapa, Mark E. (Irvington, NY); Heidelberger, Philip (Cortlandt Manor, NY); Ohmacht, Martin (Yorktown Heights, NY); Salapura, Valentina (Chappaqua, NY); Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard (Esslingen, DE); Vranas, Pavlos (Danville, CA)

    2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for passing remote messages in a parallel computer system formed as a network of interconnected compute nodes includes that a first compute node (A) sends a single remote message to a remote second compute node (B) in order to control the remote second compute node (B) to send at least one remote message. The method includes various steps including controlling a DMA engine at first compute node (A) to prepare the single remote message to include a first message descriptor and at least one remote message descriptor for controlling the remote second compute node (B) to send at least one remote message, including putting the first message descriptor into an injection FIFO at the first compute node (A) and sending the single remote message and the at least one remote message descriptor to the second compute node (B).

  12. PHOTOGRAMMETRIC ENGINEERING & REMOTE SENSING July 2008 921 Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Le

    seasonality in climatic variables such as rainfall, solar radiation, wind speed, and relative humidity. Such seasonality is typical of the mangrove forests we study along the Caribbean coast of Panama. Tied

  13. 18 IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society Newsletter September 2011 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    and biogeochemical pro- cesses in Earth system models, which are necessary to under- stand and project climate change

  14. Grazing incidence angle based sensing approach integrated with fiber-optic Fourier transform infrared (FO-FTIR) spectroscopy for remote and label-free detection of medical device contaminations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hassan, Moinuddin, E-mail: moinuddin.hassan@fda.hhs.gov; Ilev, Ilko [Optical Therapeutics and Medical Nanophotonics Laboratory, Division of Biomedical Physics, Office of Science and Engineering Laboratories, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland 20993 (United States)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Contamination of medical devices has become a critical and prevalent public health safety concern since medical devices are being increasingly used in clinical practices for diagnostics, therapeutics and medical implants. The development of effective sensing methods for real-time detection of pathogenic contamination is needed to prevent and reduce the spread of infections to patients and the healthcare community. In this study, a hollow-core fiber-optic Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy methodology employing a grazing incidence angle based sensing approach (FO-FTIR-GIA) was developed for detection of various biochemical contaminants on medical device surfaces. We demonstrated the sensitivity of FO-FTIR-GIA sensing approach for non-contact and label-free detection of contaminants such as lipopolysaccharide from various surface materials relevant to medical device. The proposed sensing system can detect at a minimum loading concentration of approximately 0.7 ?g/cm{sup 2}. The FO-FTIR-GIA has the potential for the detection of unwanted pathogen in real time.

  15. Informal Education at Hatfield Marine Science Center: CIOSS is helping HMSC to build an interactive public display that will highlight the use of remote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    Informal Education at Hatfield Marine Science Center: CIOSS is helping HMSC to build an interactive, and concepts for informal science education that will advance the art of public education. It effectively and in other coastal locations. Locatedonthecoast,approximately75minutes from OSU,the Hatfield Marine Science

  16. Data Mining in Earth System Science (DMESS 2011)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL] [ORNL; Larson, Jay [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)] [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Mills, Richard T [ORNL] [ORNL; Brooks, Bjorn [ORNL] [ORNL; Ganguly, Auroop R [ORNL] [ORNL; Hargrove, William Walter [ORNL] [ORNL; Huang, Jian [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Kumar, Jitendra [ORNL] [ORNL; Vatsavai, Raju [ORNL] [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From field-scale measurements to global climate simulations and remote sensing, the growing body of very large and long time series Earth science data are increasingly difficult to analyze, visualize, and interpret. Data mining, information theoretic, and machine learning techniques - such as cluster analysis, singular value decomposition, block entropy, Fourier and wavelet analysis, phase-space reconstruction, and artificial neural networks - are being applied to problems of segmentation, feature extraction, change detection, model-data comparison, and model validation. The size and complexity of Earth science data exceed the limits of most analysis tools and the capacities of desktop computers. New scalable analysis and visualization tools, running on parallel cluster computers and supercomputers, are required to analyze data of this magnitude. This workshop will demonstrate how data mining techniques are applied in the Earth sciences and describe innovative computer science methods that support analysis and discovery in the Earth sciences.

  17. Data mining in earth system science (DMESS 2011).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, F. M.; Larson, J. W.; Mills, R. T.; Brooks, B. G. J.; Ganguly, A. R.; Hargrove, W. W.; Huang, J.; Kumar, J.; Vatsavai, R. R. (Mathematics and Computer Science); (Compuational Earth Sciences Group, Oak Ridge National Laboratory); (Department of Earth System Science); (Computation Institute, University of Chicago/Argonne National Laboratory); (School of Computer Science, The Australian National University); (Department of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, University of Tennessee); (Center for Clmatic Research, University of Wisconsin); (Geographic Information Science and Technology Group, Oak Ridge National Laboratory); (Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center (EFETAC), USDA Forest Service)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From field-scale measurements to global climate simulations and remote sensing, the growing body of very large and long time series Earth science data are increasingly difficult to analyze, visualize, and interpret. Data mining, information theoretic, and machine learning techniques - such as cluster analysis, singular value decomposition, block entropy, Fourier and wavelet analysis, phase-space reconstruction, and artificial neural networks - are being applied to problems of segmentation, feature extraction, change detection, model-data comparison, and model validation. The size and complexity of Earth science data exceed the limits of most analysis tools and the capacities of desktop computers. New scalable analysis and visualization tools, running on parallel cluster computers and supercomputers, are required to analyze data of this magnitude. This workshop will demonstrate how data mining techniques are applied in the Earth sciences and describe innovative computer science methods that support analysis and discovery in the Earth sciences.

  18. Remote Desktop | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Remote Desktop Use a remote desktop connection to access your work computer from home. Using Remote Desktop to Connect to Your Work Computer With Remote Desktop, you can have...

  19. Experience with Remote Job Execution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lynch, Vickie E [ORNL; Cobb, John W [ORNL; Green, Mark L [ORNL; Kohl, James Arthur [ORNL; Miller, Stephen D [ORNL; Ren, Shelly [ORNL; Smith, Bradford C [ORNL; Vazhkudai, Sudharshan S [ORNL

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Neutron Science Portal at Oak Ridge National Laboratory submits jobs to the TeraGrid for remote job execution. The TeraGrid is a network of high performance computers supported by the US National Science Foundation. There are eleven partner facilities with over a petaflop of peak computing performance and sixty petabytes of long-term storage. Globus is installed on a local machine and used for job submission. The graphical user interface is produced by java coding that reads an XML file. After submission, the status of the job is displayed in a Job Information Service window which queries globus for the status. The output folder produced in the scratch directory of the TeraGrid machine is returned to the portal with globus-url-copy command that uses the gridftp servers on the TeraGrid machines. This folder is copied from the stage-in directory of the community account to the user's results directory where the output can be plotted using the portal's visualization services. The primary problem with remote job execution is diagnosing execution problems. We have daily tests of submitting multiple remote jobs from the portal. When these jobs fail on a computer, it is difficult to diagnose the problem from the globus output. Successes and problems will be presented.

  20. Radio frequency security system, method for a building facility or the like, and apparatus and methods for remotely monitoring the status of fire extinguishers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Runyon, Larry (Richland, WA); Gunter, Wayne M. (Richland, WA); Gilbert, Ronald W. (Gilroy, CA)

    2006-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A system for remotely monitoring the status of one or more fire extinguishers includes means for sensing at least one parameter of each of the fire extinguishers; means for selectively transmitting the sensed parameters along with information identifying the fire extinguishers from which the parameters were sensed; and means for receiving the sensed parameters and identifying information for the fire extinguisher or extinguishers at a common location. Other systems and methods for remotely monitoring the status of multiple fire extinguishers are also provided.

  1. Thermal Imaging of Canals for Remote Detection of Leaks: Evaluation in the United Irrigation District

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yanbo; Fipps, Guy

    . Procedures A main canal in United Irrigation District was one of several canals which was flown over with an air-borne thermal imager in Fall of 2001. The section of canal analyzed in this report consists of a 6.6 mile unlined (earth) segment and an 11... airborne multispectral remote sensing to determine leakage from rural aqueducts. Daedalus AADS 1268 Airborne Thematic Mapper (ATM) multispectral scanner remotely sensed data were obtained over the Vyrnwy Aqueduct, North West England. True color aerial...

  2. Remote File PC Users Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    UTS: ITD Remote File Access 2010 PC Users Guide V3.0 #12;UTS:ITD Remote File Access: PC Users Guide Part III: Accessing Remote File Access 8 Part IV: Using Remote File Access 14 Part V: FAQ 25 #12;UTS:ITD Remote File Access: PC Users Guide v3.0 2010 3 1. What is Remote File Access? UTS Remote File Access

  3. Remote reset circuit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gritzo, Russell E. (West Melbourne, FL)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A remote reset circuit acts as a stand-alone monitor and controller by clocking in each character sent by a terminal to a computer and comparing it to a given reference character. When a match occurs, the remote reset circuit activates the system's hardware reset line. The remote reset circuit is hardware based centered around monostable multivibrators and is unaffected by system crashes, partial serial transmissions, or power supply transients.

  4. Remote Systems Design & Deployment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, Sharon A.; Baker, Carl P.; Valdez, Patrick LJ

    2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was tasked by Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) to provide information and lessons learned relating to the design, development and deployment of remote systems, particularly remote arm/manipulator systems. This report reflects PNNL’s experience with remote systems and lays out the most important activities that need to be completed to successfully design, build, deploy and operate remote systems in radioactive and chemically contaminated environments. It also contains lessons learned from PNNL’s work experiences, and the work of others in the national laboratory complex.

  5. Remote Belief: Preserving Volition 2 Remote Belief: Preserving Volition 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sivilotti, Paul

    1 ! " Remote Belief: Preserving Volition 2 # $ % & # ' # (& #) & $ $ $ $ $ & $ * # # $ $ * # * # $ $ # $ & # * & & %+ $ ' # & $ Remote Belief: Preserving Volition 3 , $ (- ). / $ / $ / 0 1/ / & $ / 0 $ $ & (1 - & ) 2 & # & $ & / 3 & / * # $ / 4 & Remote Belief: Preserving Volition 4 ! All possible scenarios Equivalence classes of scenarios

  6. NoiseTube: Measuring and mapping noise pollution with mobile phones Nicolas Maisonneuve Sony Computer Science Laboratory Paris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TAGora project

    map. Keywords: Noise pollution, citizen science, participatory sensing, people- centric sensing, geo Computer Science Laboratory Paris Matthias Stevens SOFT, Dept. Of Computer Science, Vrije Universiteit Computer Science Laboratory Paris / ARTI, Dept. Of Computer Science, Vrije Universiteit Brussel Published

  7. Remote USB Ports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roshan, Rakesh

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    or actuator placed in fields can be accessed by a system remotely and securely. In this thesis, we propose a remote USB port, which is an abstraction of a USB port. In the USB core driver of the server machine, with the hub information, port status of all...

  8. Remote actuated valve implant

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McKnight, Timothy E; Johnson, Anthony; Moise, Jr., Kenneth J; Ericson, Milton Nance; Baba, Justin S; Wilgen, John B; Evans, III, Boyd McCutchen

    2014-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Valve implant systems positionable within a flow passage, the systems having an inlet, an outlet, and a remotely activatable valve between the inlet and outlet, with the valves being operable to provide intermittent occlusion of the flow path. A remote field is applied to provide thermal or magnetic activation of the valves.

  9. Brightsurf Science News TopScience Articles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sóbester, András

    Search Brightsurf Science News TopScience Articles brightsurf Resources EarthScience News Space current monitors used bythe oil and gas industryfor remote detection with long deep sea pipelines. "This new technologycould save gas extraction and distribution companies millions in lost revenue. Severe

  10. Pacific Northwest Laboratory: Annual report for 1986 to the DOE Office of Energy Research: Part 2, Environmental sciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes progress in environmental sciences research conducted by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the Office of Health and Environmental Research in FY 1986. The program is focused on terrestrial, subsurface, and coastal marine systems, and this research forms the basis, in conjunction with remote sensing, for definition and quantification of processes leading to impacts at the global level. This report is organized into sections devoted to Detection and Management of Change in Terrestrial Systems, Biogeochemical Phenomena, Subsurface Microbiology and Transport, Marine Sciences, and Theoretical (Quantitative) Ecology. Separate abstracts have been prepared for individual projects.

  11. Microfluidic gas flow profiling using remote detection NMR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hilty, Christian; McDonnell, Erin; Granwehr, Josef; Pierce,Kimberly; Han, Song-I Han; Pines, Alexander

    2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Miniaturized fluid handling devices have recently attracted considerable interest in many areas of science1. Such microfluidic chips perform a variety of functions, ranging from analysis of biological macromolecules2,3 to catalysis of reactions and sensing in the gas phase4,5. To enable precise fluid handling, accurate knowledge of the flow properties within these devices is important. Due to low Reynolds numbers, laminar flow is usually assumed. However, either by design or unintentionally, the flow characteristic in small channels is often altered, for example by surface interactions, viscous and diffusional effects, or electrical potentials. Therefore, its prediction is not always straight-forward6-8. Currently, most microfluidic flow measurements rely on optical detection of markers9,10, requiring the injection of tracers and transparent devices. Here, we show profiles of microfluidic gas flow in capillaries and chip devices obtained by NMR in the remote detection modality11,12. Through the transient measurement of dispersion13, NMR is well adaptable for non-invasive, yet sensitive determination of the flow field and provides a novel and potentially more powerful tool to profile flow in capillaries and miniaturized flow devices.

  12. Remote Sensing of WaterRemote Sensing of WaterRemote Sensing of Water One of the most pressing resource issues facing humanity in the 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Comprehensive Assessment of the Freshwater Resources), Comprehensive Assessment of the Freshwater Resources of the World (WMO, Geneva, 1997), p. 9.). #12;A 1997 assessment by the United Nations estimates that approximately one-third of the world's population lives

  13. Environmental Sciences 2007 Research Evaluation,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Environmental Sciences 2007 Research Evaluation, including SENSE Research School December 2007 #12; QANU/ResearchEvaluationEnvironmentalSciences007 Quality,byphotocopy- ingorbyanyothermeanswiththepermissionofQANUifthesourceismentioned. #12;3QANU/ResearchEvaluationEnvironmentalSciences007 Table of contents

  14. Remote electrochemical sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, Joseph (Las Cruces, NM); Olsen, Khris (Richland, WA); Larson, David (Las Cruces, NM)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An electrochemical sensor for remote detection, particularly useful for metal contaminants and organic or other compounds. The sensor circumvents technical difficulties that previously prevented in-situ remote operations. The microelectrode, connected to a long communications cable, allows convenient measurements of the element or compound at timed and frequent intervals and instrument/sample distances of ten feet to more than 100 feet. The sensor is useful for both downhole groundwater monitoring and in-situ water (e.g., shipboard seawater) analysis.

  15. Polar lakes are remote and in climatically challenging envi-ronments. As such, they impose major logistic constraints in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    191 Polar lakes are remote and in climatically challenging envi- ronments. As such, they impose through the parameteriza- tion of heat and radiation fluxes (e.g., Fang and Stefan 1996; Launiainen a remote sensing platform on a polar lake Ben Palethorpe1 , Barrie Hayes-Gill1 , John Crowe1 , Mark Sumner1

  16. Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiationImplementingnpitcheResearch BriefsTenney, Office of Science Office of Science β

  17. Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiationImplementingnpitcheResearch BriefsTenney, Office of Science Office of Science

  18. Remote connector development study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parazin, R.J.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plutonium-uranium extraction (PUREX) connectors, the most common connectors used at the Hanford site, offer a certain level of flexibility in pipe routing, process system configuration, and remote equipment/instrument replacement. However, these desirable features have inherent shortcomings like leakage, high pressure drop through the right angle bends, and a limited range of available pipe diameters that can be connect by them. Costs for construction, maintenance, and operation of PUREX connectors seem to be very high. The PUREX connector designs include a 90{degree} bend in each connector. This increases the pressure drop and erosion effects. Thus, each jumper requires at least two 90{degree} bends. PUREX connectors have not been practically used beyond 100 (4 in.) inner diameter. This study represents the results of a survey on the use of remote pipe-connection systems in US and foreign plants. This study also describes the interdependence between connectors, remote handling equipment, and the necessary skills of the operators.

  19. REMOTE SENSING OF THE ELECTRODYNAMIC COUPLING BETWEEN THUNDERSTORM SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and the lower ionosphere through heating and ionization, producing gamma-ray bursts and optical emissions known

  20. Remote sensing survey of the Coso geothermal area, Inyo county...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    photography was of the greatest utility in facilitating geologic interpretation. Infrared imagery appeared to be of value in delineating the typical arcuate structural...

  1. ydrocarbon detector for the remote sensing of vehicle exhaust emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    -nitrogen-cooled indium antimonide detectors, a rotating gas filter correlation cell which pre- cluded the simultaneous, and associated electronics. The new instrument uses four Peltier cooled lead selenide (PbSe) detectors, one each

  2. Geobotanical Remote Sensing Applied To Targeting New Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    on recent successes in mapping hidden faults, high temperature altered mineralization, clays, hot and cold springs and CO2 effluents the Long Valley Caldera and Mammoth Mountain...

  3. Advanced polychromator systems for remote chemical sensing (LDRD project 52575).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinclair, Michael B.; Pfeifer, Kent Bryant; Allen, James Joe

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this LDRD project was to develop a programmable diffraction grating fabricated in SUMMiT V{trademark}. Two types of grating elements (vertical and rotational) were designed and demonstrated. The vertical grating element utilized compound leveraged bending and the rotational grating element used vertical comb drive actuation. This work resulted in two technical advances and one patent application. Also a new optical configuration of the Polychromator was demonstrated. The new optical configuration improved the optical efficiency of the system without degrading any other aspect of the system. The new configuration also relaxes some constraint on the programmable diffraction grating.

  4. REMOTE SENSING OF BENTHIC HABITATS IN SOUTHWESTERN PUERTO RICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    imagen de Ikonos incluyo corrección atmosférica, corrección de reflexión especular del oleaje, corrección reflexión especular del oleaje y clasificaciones. Los mejores resultados para la clasificación de las imágenes de Ikonos se obtuvieron luego la corrección de reflexión especular del oleaje con una precisión de

  5. 1150 October 2009 Photogrammetric engineering & remote SenSing Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hargrove, William W.

    . Such an early warning system might minimize surprises such as the explo- sion of caterpillars referred) intervals could power such a monitoring system that would respond in near real-time. An ideal warning system a supercomputing capability. Finally, such a national warning system must carefully balance the rate of successful

  6. Remotely sensed heat anomalies linked with Amazonian forest biomass declines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toomey, M.; Roberts, D. A.; Still, C.; Goulden, M. L.; McFadden, J. P.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    results suggest that heat stress played an important role inand forest stress? 2. Is relative heat stress more or lessdamaging than absolute heat stress? 3. Do the com- bined

  7. Open Access Data in Polar and Cryospheric Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, Allen; Rees, W. Gareth; Fox, Adrian J.; Fleming, Andrew

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the original reconnaissance and topographic mapping purpose; photos provide a baseline for environmental variables purely because these features happen to be part of the topography. Following WWII, there was separately an intentional effort to use aerial... military cartographic cameras [4,5] and linking or surface matching to modern satellite or airborne images to improve measurements of historic glacier volume change on the Antarctic Peninsula [6,7]. Others use modern GPS or LiDAR data to fix ground...

  8. Remotely sensed heat anomalies linked with Amazonian forest biomass declines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toomey, M.; Roberts, D. A.; Still, C.; Goulden, M. L.; McFadden, J. P.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with Amazonian forest biomass declines Michael Toomey, 1 Darof aboveground living biomass (p biomass declines, Geophys. Res.

  9. Passive Remote Sensing of Clouds from Airborne Platforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    instrument: the Solar Spectral Flux Radiometer (SSFR) · Some spectrometry/radiometry basics · How can we Airborne Measurements? · For climate studies, the high temporal and spatial variability of aerosols vertical profiles of radiative flux: where is radiative energy being deposited? · Combined with in situ

  10. Fundamentals of Remote Sensing Edited and written by Noam Levin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, David

    Very High Resolution Radiometer 48 #12;3 3.7.1.2 Land Observation Satellites/Sensors 48 3.3.7 Mapping 14 1.3.8 Oceans & Coastal Monitoring 15 2 Electromagnetic radiation 17 2.1 Electromagnetic energy 17 2.2 Interaction mechanisms 17 2.3 Laws regarding the amount of energy radiated from an object 18 2

  11. Satellite Remote Sensing of Mid-level Clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Hongchun 1980-

    2012-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    algorithm is evaluated using the CALIPSO cloud phase products for single-layer, heterogeneous, and multi-layer scenes. The AIRS phase algorithm has excellent performance (>90%) in detecting ice clouds compared to the CALIPSO ice clouds. It is capable...

  12. Remote Sensing of Railroad Locomotive Emissions: A Feasibility Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    of General Motors (EMD) or General Electric Transportation Systems (GETS). A diesel- electric locomotive and Donald H. Stedman Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry University of Denver Denver, CO 80208 July. Carbon monoxide (CO) levels become elevated primarily due to direct emission of the gas. Ground

  13. Spectral Domain Passive remote sensing systems measure the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    Archive Read This Article on the Nature of Light #12;Our energy source, the sun, radiates electromagnetic are equally and repetitively spaced in time Our energy source, the sun, radiates electromagnetic energy. EM energy. EM radiation refers to all energy that radiates in accordance with basic wave theory: 1. Energy

  14. On-Road Emissions in Asia Measured by Remote Sensing.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    -92 10138934,400Auckland NZ, 2004 11 15 7 50 61 17 66 209 16 35,000 6,659 14,944 Sri Lanka, 2004 Petrol cars,891 8544 Hong Kong, 1993 Petrol 2003 *2202645,260Bangkok THA, 1993 Mean gNO/kg Mean gHC/kg Mean gCO/kgoffuel #12;2003-2005 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 HK Petrol Average USA Singapore Tokyo JPN New Delhi

  15. On-road remote sensing of vehicle emissions in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    Fleet 14 6 Variation of Emissions with Vehicle Year of Manufacture 18 7 Comparison of Petrol and Diesel New Petrol Vehicles 27 8.2 Imported Used and New Zealand New Diesel Vehicles 34 9 Influence of Vehicle Distance Travelled on Emissions 41 9.1 Petrol Fuelled Vehicles 41 9.2 Diesel Fuelled Vehicles 44 10

  16. Mixed phase clouds, cloud electrification and remote sensing.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chylek, P. (Petr); Borel, C. C. (Christoph C.); Klett, James

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most of hypothesis trying to explain charge separation in thunderstorm clouds require presence of ice and supercooled water. Thus the existence of ice or at least mixed phase regions near cloud tops should be a necessary (but not a sufficient) condition for development of lightning. We show that multispectral satellite based instruments, like the DOE MTI (Multispectral Thermal Imager) or NASA MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer), using the near infrared and visible spectral bands are able to distinguish between water, ice and mixed phase cloud regions. An analysis of the MTI images of mixed phase clouds - with spatial resolution of about 20 m - shows regions of pure water, pure ice as well as regions of water/ice mixtures. We suggest that multispectral satellite instruments may be useful for a short time forecast of lightning probabilities.

  17. Delineating wetlands using geographic information system and remote sensing technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villeneuve, Julie

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 a. Riverine Wetlands versus Upland Wetlands . . . . 73 b. Large Size Wetlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 c. Ground Truth Data Accuracy . . . . . . . . . . . 76 C. Results and Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 V... the ArcGIS ?ow accumulation function on the ?ow direction raster : : : 20 6 Line shape?le of high ?ow accumulation (more than 3055) ob- tained from the ?ow accumulation raster : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 21 7 DEM derived from LIDAR data (15cm vertical...

  18. Codesign of Software and Hardware to Implement Remote Sensing Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theiler, James

    Configurable System on a Chip (CSoC) architecture. A central RISC processor is built into the same chip

  19. Laser applications in meteorology and earth and atmospheric remote sensing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seevers, O.C.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book presents information on the flow of ground currents and stray voltage. The author covers the real effects of ground currents, how they operate under the surface of the earth, and how each current affects output voltage. The author clears up the misinformation surrounding stray voltage, why it has been blamed for a variety of problems, and why utility companies have paid out millions of dollars in lawsuits. The author describes how primary neutral current returns to its source. How the current conforms to a particular path in the earth following the lines of least resistance is discussed.

  20. New Approaches to Forest Monitoring using Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Steininger, · Mark Carroll, · Charlene DiMiceli PNAS 2008 #12;#12;Tropical deforestation rates (2000Tropical deforestation rates (2000--2005)2005) Brazil and Indonesia confirmed as having theBrazil and Indonesia confirmed as having the highest rates of tropical deforestation.highest rates of tropical

  1. Thursday, March 15, 2007 POSTER SESSION II: LUNAR REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    T. Takeda H. Miyamoto M. Spectroscopy of Nearside Highland in Relation to Apollo 16 Rock Samples distribution of magnetization, depth of source and magnetization direction. The evidence suggests compositional rays can persist for 3 Ga or more. The optical maturity parameter should be used to define the C

  2. Soil moisture modeling and scaling using passive microwave remote sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Narendra N.

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Soil moisture in the shallow subsurface is a primary hydrologic state governing land-atmosphere interaction at various scales. The primary objectives of this study are to model soil moisture in the root zone in a distributed manner and determine...

  3. Development and Improvement of Airborne Remote Sensing Radar Platforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Emily J.

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    SINR increase of 5-10 dB, depending on elevation angles being considered, and an average improvement of 15% in a figure of merit derived and documented herein. The limitation of this compensation method is that is does not account for changes...................................................138 9.2 Simulation and Measurement Procedures ................................................................141 9.2.1 Simulation Procedures ......................................................................................141 9.2.2 Measurement...

  4. Estimating discharge in rivers using remotely sensed hydraulic information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Laurence C.

    SAR images of three braided rivers were coupled with channel slope data obtained from topographic maps­100%) of the observed, with the mean estimate accuracy within 10%. This level of accuracy was achieved using calibration functions developed from observed discharge. The calibration functions use reach specific geomorphic

  5. CALL FOR PAPERS IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruzzone, Lorenzo

    of topics - Multitemporal image calibration, correction and registration techniques; - Multitemporal image in time series; - Change detection methods; - Change detection accuracy assessment; - Multitemporal SAR and InSAR data analysis; - Fusion of multitemporal data; - Land-cover and land-use dynamics; - Phenology

  6. PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN REMOTE SENSING OF VEGETATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    make food from light energy, carbon dioxide and water in a series of chemical reactions. Some. The sugar formed is glucose, the food a plant uses for maintenance and growth. The process is illustrated by Model EE LL Solar exoatmospheric spectral irradiance Solar exoatmospheric spectral irradiance

  7. AN INVESTIGATION OF REMOTELY SENSED URBAN HEAT ISLAND CLIMATOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Leiqiu

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    and Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.3.1 Data and Data Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.3.2 Analysis Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2... area in this study. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.2 The daily average LSTs of Houston urban and non-Houston urban areas during 11 years. The daily average LSTs are arranged as 8-day period by 45 8-day periods in a year by 11 years...

  8. Geophysical remote sensing of water reservoirs suitable for desalinization.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aldridge, David Franklin; Bartel, Lewis Clark; Bonal, Nedra; Engler, Bruce Phillip

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In many parts of the United States, as well as other regions of the world, competing demands for fresh water or water suitable for desalination are outstripping sustainable supplies. In these areas, new water supplies are necessary to sustain economic development and agricultural uses, as well as support expanding populations, particularly in the Southwestern United States. Increasing the supply of water will more than likely come through desalinization of water reservoirs that are not suitable for present use. Surface-deployed seismic and electromagnetic (EM) methods have the potential for addressing these critical issues within large volumes of an aquifer at a lower cost than drilling and sampling. However, for detailed analysis of the water quality, some sampling utilizing boreholes would be required with geophysical methods being employed to extrapolate these sampled results to non-sampled regions of the aquifer. The research in this report addresses using seismic and EM methods in two complimentary ways to aid in the identification of water reservoirs that are suitable for desalinization. The first method uses the seismic data to constrain the earth structure so that detailed EM modeling can estimate the pore water conductivity, and hence the salinity. The second method utilizes the coupling of seismic and EM waves through the seismo-electric (conversion of seismic energy to electrical energy) and the electro-seismic (conversion of electrical energy to seismic energy) to estimate the salinity of the target aquifer. Analytic 1D solutions to coupled pressure and electric wave propagation demonstrate the types of waves one expects when using a seismic or electric source. A 2D seismo-electric/electro-seismic is developed to demonstrate the coupled seismic and EM system. For finite-difference modeling, the seismic and EM wave propagation algorithms are on different spatial and temporal scales. We present a method to solve multiple, finite-difference physics problems that has application beyond the present use. A limited field experiment was conducted to assess the seismo-electric effect. Due to a variety of problems, the observation of the electric field due to a seismic source is not definitive.

  9. ARM - Field Campaign - Scintillometry and Soil Moisture Remote Sensing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006Datastreamstwrcam40m DocumentationJanuary 9, 2009 [Events, Feature Stories

  10. Geobotanical Remote Sensing Applied To Targeting New Geothermal Resource

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489InformationFrenchtown,Jump to:Locations In The Us Basin And

  11. Geobotanical Remote Sensing For Geothermal Exploration | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489InformationFrenchtown,Jump to:Locations In The Us Basin

  12. Geothermal Exploration Using Aviris Remote Sensing Data Over Fish Lake

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library WebWesternLondon,Valley, Nv | Open

  13. Experimental Underground facility to evaluate remote sensing instruments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is quite easy to obtain, in the case of conventional techniques, but the problems remain with optical, hydrocarbons, and specific pollutants such äs NH3, naphtalene,... Before putting such an instrument Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS) devices. The procedure is based on that used for conventional point monitors

  14. ARM - Field Campaign - Remote Cloud Sensing (RCS) Field Evaluation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa- Polarization DiversityPolarization Radar govCampaignsRain Microphysics Study

  15. ARM - Field Campaign - Remote Cloud Sensing (RCS) Field Evaluation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa- Polarization DiversityPolarization Radar govCampaignsRain Microphysics

  16. Category:Remote Sensing Techniques | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, click here. Category:ConceptualGeothermal Regulatory Roadmap.

  17. Researcher, Los Alamos National Laboratory - Space and Remote Sensing Group

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA Approved: 5-13-14 FEDERALAmerica High Energy Density LaboratoryNationalGroup ||

  18. Active and Passive Remote Sensing Diagram | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1AMEE Jump to: navigation,BarriersIzu-Oshima Volcano,

  19. Surface based remote sensing of aerosol-cloud interactions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructure ofIndustrialSupportingAlbedo at theSurface SoilSurface based

  20. Hyperspectral Geobotanical Remote Sensing For Co2 Storage Monitoring | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEIHesperia, California:ProjectProgramsAlteration JumpDixieHyper

  1. Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Techniques For Locating Geothermal Resources |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtel JumpCounty, Texas: EnergyHy9Moat of Long| Open EnergyLake PaiuteOpen

  2. Remote Sensing For Geothermal Exploration Over Buffalo Valley, Nv | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ | Roadmap JumpReliance Industries Limited Solar GroupAs

  3. Remote Sensing- Principles And Interpretation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ | Roadmap JumpReliance Industries Limited Solar

  4. Structural investigations at the Coso geothermal area using remote sensing

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <Maintained By Fault Propagation And Interaction | Open

  5. An Integrated Mapping And Remote Sensing Investigation Of The Structural

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat Place:Alvan BlanchAmiteIn The Artesian-City Area,RiftControl For

  6. Application Of Remote Sensing To Geothermal Prospecting | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcatAntrim County, Michigan:Applewood, Colorado:Of Travale,|Mt

  7. Testing a Cloud Condensation Nuclei Remote Sensing Method

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposedPAGESafetyTed Donat About Us TedJ.LCommerce |330a

  8. Testing a Cloud Condensation Nuclei Remote Sensing Method

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposedPAGESafetyTed Donat About Us TedJ.LCommerce |330aa

  9. The Fundamental Limitation of Atmospheric Remote Sensing by Dissection of

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposedPAGESafetyTed5,AuditThe Five FastestSingle-Photon

  10. Remote electrochemical sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, J.; Olsen, K.; Larson, D.

    1997-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    An electrochemical sensor is described for remote detection, particularly useful for metal contaminants and organic or other compounds. The sensor circumvents technical difficulties that previously prevented in-situ remote operations. The microelectrode, connected to a long communications cable, allows convenient measurements of the element or compound at timed and frequent intervals and instrument/sample distances of ten feet to more than 100 feet. The sensor is useful for both downhole groundwater monitoring and in-situ water (e.g., shipboard seawater) analysis. 21 figs.

  11. rfs Remote File System Softwarepraktikum fur Fortgeschrittene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    rfs ­ Remote File System Softwarepraktikum f¨ur Fortgeschrittene Parallele und Verteilte Systeme. Overview 5 2.1. Remote File System Daemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2. Remote File System Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.3. Global Remote

  12. Remote Implementation of Quantum Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Susana F. Huelga; Martin B. Plenio; Guo-Yong Xiang; Jian Li}and Guang-Can Guo

    2005-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Shared entanglement allows, under certain conditions, the remote implementation of quantum operations. We revise and extend recent theoretical results on the remote control of quantum systems as well as experimental results on the remote manipulation of photonic qubits via linear optical elements.

  13. Geological and Environmental Remote Sensing LaboratoryGeological and Environmental Remote Sensing Laboratory Department of GeologyDepartment of Geology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    purpose of this project was to evaluate the capability of the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imagine MISSIONS WITH MULTISPECTRALSEVERAL MISSIONS WITH MULTISPECTRAL SENSORS OVER MAYAGUEZ BAYSENSORS OVER on: 1.Comparing AVIRIS and field data for calibration and validation of the sensor. 2.Developing

  14. Vacuum Vessel Remote Handling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Remote Handling 4 Vacuum vessel functions · Plasma vacuum environment · Primary tritium confinement, incl ports 65 tonnes - Weight of torus shielding 100 tonnes · Coolant - Normal Operation Water, Handling 12 Vessel octant subassembly fab. (3) · Octant-to-octant splice joint requires double wall weld

  15. A Responsive Design Approach for Supporting Mobile Access to Virtual and Remote Laboratories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bey, Isabelle

    A Responsive Design Approach for Supporting Mobile Access to Virtual and Remote Laboratories aim to address this issue by adopting a responsive design approach for developing mobile web apps. Keywords-Virtual labs; remote labs; mobile access; responsive design; science education I. INTRODUCTION

  16. Remote Operation, Immersive 3D Virtual Environments and Interactive Screen Experiments for Teaching Practical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norton, Andrew J.

    scale, and may broadly be divided into three categories: 1. remote operation of equipment 2. immersive 3 will be a compulsory component of the new BSc Natural Science qualification that is currently being developed by the OU Operation of Equipment : PIRATE PIRATE (the Physics Innovations Robotic Astronomical TElescope) is a remote

  17. Remote State Preparation of Mental Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrizio E. Tressoldi; Andrei Khrennikov

    2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this paper is to define in theoretical terms and summarise the available experimental evidence that physical and mental "objects", if considered "information units", may present similar classical and quantum models of communication beyond their specific characteristics. Starting with the Remote State Preparation protocol, a variant of the Teleportation protocol, for which formal models and experimental evidence are already available in quantum mechanics, we outline a formal model applied to mental information we defined Remote State Preparation of Mental Information (RSPMI), and we summarise the experimental evidence supporting the feasibility of a RSPMI protocol. The available experimental evidence offers strong support to the possibility of real communication at distance of mental information promoting the integration between disciplines that have as their object of knowledge different aspects of reality, both physical and the mental, leading to a significant paradigm shift in cognitive and information science.

  18. Henn-Lecordier -AVS 99 -MS -WeM10 1 Reaction Sensing in Multicomponent CVD Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    : average specific heat ratio Mavg: average molecular weight · Multicomponent systems ­ F = f ( Average · Remote downstream sampling ­ poor repeatability · Sampling at reactor outlet ­ minimize wall reaction in acoustic sensor for real-time sensing requires 2.5 L.Torr/s throughput 0.5 Torr Remote sampling300 Torr 20

  19. OBSERVING THE EARTH FROM SPACE "It is the science of deriving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    and interpretation (remote sensing) for evaluation and making decisions. · Remote sensing techniques helped to take to develop image processing techniques that later were used with Landsat data. In the 70's other sensors, like the mid infrared and the thermal infrared. They had large field of view (in hundreds

  20. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 845-861; doi:10.3390/rs5020845 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    and NDVI3g) data generated from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) in the deciduous and energy between land surface and atmosphere [10,11]. So far, there are two types of approaches vegetation index data, such as the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index data from the Advanced Very High

  1. Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 1427-1446; doi:10.3390/rs3071427 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    knowledge of forest carbon dynamics, including both sequestration and fluxes among multiple pools rigorous analytical approaches for quantifying forest carbon sequestration and fluxes among multiple pools Abstract: Understanding the potential of forest ecosystems as global carbon sinks requires a thorough

  2. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 2898-2911; doi:10.3390/rs6042898 remote sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deYoung, Brad

    Measurements of ocean wind vectors serve as a basis for marine weather forecasting and offshore wind farms distribution of offshore wind vectors. Representative long-term offshore meteorological time series with high.mdpi.com/journal/remotesensing Article Reconstructed Wind Fields from Multi-Satellite Observations Ruohan Tang 1,2,3, *, Deyou Liu 1

  3. Remote Sens. 2010, 2, 514-525; doi:10.3390/rs2020514 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weishampel, John F.

    -central Florida. We predicted that fire influences vegetation structure at the mesoscale (i.e., spatial scales classification accuracies occur with averaging over windows representing sizes in the mesoscale range. Keywords

  4. Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebook Twitter Principalfuel cells" Find + AdvancedSignScience

  5. Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclearHomeland Science Stockpile Stewardship National Security

  6. Remote switch actuator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Haas, Edwin Gerard; Beauman, Ronald; Palo, Jr., Stefan

    2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention provides a device and method for actuating electrical switches remotely. The device is removably attached to the switch and is actuated through the transfer of a user's force. The user is able to remain physically removed from the switch site obviating need for protective equipment. The device and method allow rapid, safe actuation of high-voltage or high-current carrying electrical switches or circuit breakers.

  7. Remote repair appliance

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Heumann, F.K.; Wilkinson, J.C.; Wooding, D.R.

    1997-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A remote appliance for supporting a tool for performing work at a work site on a substantially circular bore of a work piece and for providing video signals of the work site to a remote monitor comprises: a base plate having an inner face and an outer face; a plurality of rollers, wherein each roller is rotatably and adjustably attached to the inner face of the base plate and positioned to roll against the bore of the work piece when the base plate is positioned against the mouth of the bore such that the appliance may be rotated about the bore in a plane substantially parallel to the base plate; a tool holding means for supporting the tool, the tool holding means being adjustably attached to the outer face of the base plate such that the working end of the tool is positioned on the inner face side of the base plate; a camera for providing video signals of the work site to the remote monitor; and a camera holding means for supporting the camera on the inner face side of the base plate, the camera holding means being adjustably attached to the outer face of the base plate. In a preferred embodiment, roller guards are provided to protect the rollers from debris and a bore guard is provided to protect the bore from wear by the rollers and damage from debris. 5 figs.

  8. Remote repair appliance

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Heumann, Frederick K. (Ballston Spa, NY); Wilkinson, Jay C. (Ballston Spa, NY); Wooding, David R. (Saratoga Springs, NY)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A remote appliance for supporting a tool for performing work at a worksite on a substantially circular bore of a workpiece and for providing video signals of the worksite to a remote monitor comprising: a baseplate having an inner face and an outer face; a plurality of rollers, wherein each roller is rotatably and adjustably attached to the inner face of the baseplate and positioned to roll against the bore of the workpiece when the baseplate is positioned against the mouth of the bore such that the appliance may be rotated about the bore in a plane substantially parallel to the baseplate; a tool holding means for supporting the tool, the tool holding means being adjustably attached to the outer face of the baseplate such that the working end of the tool is positioned on the inner face side of the baseplate; a camera for providing video signals of the worksite to the remote monitor; and a camera holding means for supporting the camera on the inner face side of the baseplate, the camera holding means being adjustably attached to the outer face of the baseplate. In a preferred embodiment, roller guards are provided to protect the rollers from debris and a bore guard is provided to protect the bore from wear by the rollers and damage from debris.

  9. Sequential Compressed Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malioutov, Dmitry M.

    Compressed sensing allows perfect recovery of sparse signals (or signals sparse in some basis) using only a small number of random measurements. Existing results in compressed sensing literature have focused on characterizing ...

  10. Wireless Urban Sensing Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    enabled by personal wireless sensing devices introduces newpublic or personal servers, but also on mobile devices. For

  11. High temperature, minimally invasive optical sensing modules

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Riza, Nabeel Agha (Oviedo, FL); Perez, Frank (Tujunga, CA)

    2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A remote temperature sensing system includes a light source selectively producing light at two different wavelengths and a sensor device having an optical path length that varies as a function of temperature. The sensor receives light emitted by the light source and redirects the light along the optical path length. The system also includes a detector receiving redirected light from the sensor device and generating respective signals indicative of respective intensities of received redirected light corresponding to respective wavelengths of light emitted by the light source. The system also includes a processor processing the signals generated by the detector to calculate a temperature of the device.

  12. Remote state preparation: arbitrary remote control of photon polarization Nicholas A. Peters,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwiat, Paul

    Remote state preparation: arbitrary remote control of photon polarization Nicholas A. Peters,1 University, Kirksville, MO 63501 (Dated: October 22, 2004) We experimentally demonstrate the first remote, we remotely prepare arbitrary states at two wavelengths. Further, we derive theoretical bounds

  13. Distributed Compressed Sensing in Dynamic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eldar, Yonina

    Distributed Compressed Sensing in Dynamic Networks Stacy Patterson Department of Computer Science theoretical results to develop a distributed version of IHT for dynamic networks. Evaluations show that our throughout the network, it is desirable to perform this recovery within the network in a distributed fashion

  14. REMOTE AND RURAL ENTERPRISE (RARE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viglas, Anastasios

    in remote central Australia is establishing a commercial aquaponics enterprise, a social entrepreneur, hospitality and horticulture. The current focus is on a commercial aquaponics enterprise and a cultural

  15. Remote Sensor Placement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection Technical s o Freiberge s 3 c/) ReleaseRemote AccessSpectrum

  16. Remote monitoring of soil moisture using airborne microwave radiometers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroll, Charles Lindsey

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    REMOTE MONITORING OF SOIL MOISTURE USING AIRBORNE MICROWAVE RADIOMETERS A Thesis by CHARLES LINDSEY J(ROLL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A)M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1973 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering REMOTE MONITORING OF SOIL MOISTURE USING AIRBORNE MICROWAVE RADIOMETERS A Thesis by CHARLES LINDSEY KROLL Approved as to style and content by: man o Co mrtt Hca o D artmc c Ill l c r Mem e Member...

  17. Remote-State Prparation eines einzelnen Atoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinfurter, Harald

    Remote-State Präparation eines einzelnen Atoms Diplomarbeit am Department für Physik der Ludwig . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1.3.3 Remote-State-Präparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.3.4 Zusammenfassung . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 3 Remote-State-Präparation 31 3.1 Einleitung

  18. Remotely operated pipe connector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Josefiak, Leonard J. (Scotia, NY); Cramer, Charles E. (Guilderford, NY)

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus for remotely assembling and disassembling a Graylock type coctor between a pipe and a closure for the pipe includes a base and a receptacle on the base for the closure. The pipe is moved into position vertically above the closure by a suitable positioning device such that the flange on the pipe is immediately adjacent and concentric with the flange on the closure. A moving device then moves two semicircular collars from a position free of the closure to a position such that the interior cam groove of each collar contacts the two flanges. Finally, a tensioning device automatically allows remote tightening and loosening of a nut and bolt assembly on each side of the collar to cause a seal ring located between the flanges to be compressed and to seal the closure. Release of the pipe and the connector is accomplished in the reverse order. Preferably, the nut and bolt assembly includes an elongate shaft portion on which a removable sleeve is located.

  19. Spatio-spectral exploration combining in situ and remote measurements David R. Thompson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spatio-spectral exploration combining in situ and remote measurements David R. Thompson Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology 4800 Oak Grove Dr. Pasadena, CA 91109 david.r.thompson important to incorporate science data into rover navigational and science activity planning (Thompson

  20. STORMVEX: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment Science and Operations Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mace, J; Matrosov, S; Shupe, M; Lawson, P; Hallar, G; McCubbin, I; Marchand, R; Orr, B; Coulter, R; Sedlacek, A; Avallone, L; Long, C

    2010-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    During the Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment (STORMVEX), a substantial correlative data set of remote sensing observations and direct in situ measurements from fixed and airborne platforms will be created in a winter season, mountainous environment. This will be accomplished by combining mountaintop observations at Storm Peak Laboratory and the airborne National Science Foundation-supported Colorado Airborne Multi-Phase Cloud Study campaign with collocated measurements from the second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2). We describe in this document the operational plans and motivating science for this experiment, which includes deployment of AMF2 to Steamboat Springs, Colorado. The intensive STORMVEX field phase will begin nominally on 1 November 2010 and extend to approximately early April 2011.

  1. Molecular biology in marine science: Scientific questions, technological approaches, and practical implications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes molecular techniques that could be invaluable in addressing process-oriented problems in the ocean sciences that have perplexed oceanographers for decades, such as understanding the basis for biogeochemical processes, recruitment processes, upper-ocean dynamics, biological impacts of global warming, and ecological impacts of human activities. The coupling of highly sophisticated methods, such as satellite remote sensing, which permits synoptic monitoring of chemical, physical, and biological parameters over large areas, with the power of modern molecular tools for ``ground truthing`` at small scales could allow scientists to address questions about marine organisms and the ocean in which they live that could not be answered previously. Clearly, the marine sciences are on the threshold of an exciting new frontier of scientific discovery and economic opportunity.

  2. Remote Viewing End Effectors for Light Duty Utility Arm Robot (U)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heckendorn, F.M. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, AIKEN, SC (United States); Robinson, C.W.; Haynes, H.B.; Anderosn, E.K.; Pardini, A.F. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1996-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The Robotics Development Groups at the Savannah River Site (SRS) and at the Hanford site have developed remote video and photography systems for deployment in underground radioactive-waste storage tanks at the Department of Energy (DOE) sites as a part of the Office of Science and Technology (OST) program within DOE. Viewing and documenting the tank interiors and their associated annular spaces is an extremely valuable tool in characterizing their condition and contents and in controlling their remediation. Several specialized video/photography systems and robotic End Effectors have been fabricated that provide remote viewing and lighting. All are remotely deployable into and out of the tank, with all viewing functions remotely operated. Positioning all control components away from the facility prevents the potential for personnel exposure to radiation and contamination. Only the remote video systems are discussed in this paper.

  3. Remote Method Invocations 13.1 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garg, Vijay

    Chapter 13 Remote Method Invocations 13.1 Introduction A popular way of developing distributed applications is based on the concept of remote procedure calls (RPC's) or remote method invocations (RMI's). Here the main idea is that a process can make calls to methods of a remote object as if it were

  4. Chit-based Remote Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paluska, Justin Mazzola

    We propose a model for reliable remote storage founded on contract law. Consumers submit their bits to storage providers in exchange for a chit. A chit is a cryptographically secure, verifiable contract between a consumer ...

  5. Remote direct memory access

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Archer, Charles J.; Blocksome, Michael A.

    2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods, parallel computers, and computer program products are disclosed for remote direct memory access. Embodiments include transmitting, from an origin DMA engine on an origin compute node to a plurality target DMA engines on target compute nodes, a request to send message, the request to send message specifying a data to be transferred from the origin DMA engine to data storage on each target compute node; receiving, by each target DMA engine on each target compute node, the request to send message; preparing, by each target DMA engine, to store data according to the data storage reference and the data length, including assigning a base storage address for the data storage reference; sending, by one or more of the target DMA engines, an acknowledgment message acknowledging that all the target DMA engines are prepared to receive a data transmission from the origin DMA engine; receiving, by the origin DMA engine, the acknowledgement message from the one or more of the target DMA engines; and transferring, by the origin DMA engine, data to data storage on each of the target compute nodes according to the data storage reference using a single direct put operation.

  6. Real-time processing of remote sensor data as applied to Arctic ice classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Permenter, James Austin

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    REAL-TIME PROCESSING OF REMOTE SENSOR DATA AS APPLIED TO ARCTIC ICE CLASSIFICATION A Thesis by JAMES AUSTIN PERMENTER partial ! Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A)M University in fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1973 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering REAL-TIME PROCESSING OF REMOTE SENSOR DATA AS APPLIED TO ARCTIC ICE CLASSIFICATION A Thesis by James Austin Permenter Approved as to style and content by: ] ( rman of Commi...

  7. John R. Gilbert Professor of Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    in computational methods and in distributed sensing and control. Since 2002 he has directed the Combinatorial journals in computational science and applied mathematics. #12;John R. Gilbert Professor of Computer Science University of California, Santa Barbara John Gilbert

  8. Decision and Information Sciences Division Information Sciences Group CCyybbeerr SSeeccuurriittyy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    in industry (e.g., gas, oil, electric, water) to monitor and control remote equipment from a central facilityDecision and Information Sciences Division Information Sciences Group CCyybbeerr SSeeccuurriittyy Network analysis and cyber security lab Introduction In today's environment, it is essential to assure

  9. Micro environmental sensing device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Polosky, Marc A. (Tijeras, NM); Lukens, Laurance L. (Tijeras, NM)

    2006-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A microelectromechanical (MEM) acceleration switch is disclosed which includes a proof mass flexibly connected to a substrate, with the proof mass being moveable in a direction substantially perpendicular to the substrate in response to a sensed acceleration. An electrode on the proof mass contacts one or more electrodes located below the proof mass to provide a switch closure in response to the sensed acceleration. Electrical latching of the switch in the closed position is possible with an optional latching electrode. The MEM acceleration switch, which has applications for use as an environmental sensing device, can be fabricated using micromachining.

  10. Retroreflective systems for remote readout

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Deason, V.A.; Colwell, F.S.; Ricks, K.L.

    1998-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A sensing device is described for sensing an environmental factor. The device includes a retroreflective layer disposed in a parallel, facing relationship with a sensing layer. The sensing layer has an initial optical absorption capacity for (1) sensing a presence of an environmental factor, (2) experiencing a change in optical absorption capacity responsive to said environmental factor, and (3) transmitting and attenuating light. A first portion of the sensing layer is sealed off from exposure to the environment while a second portion remains exposed to the environment such that, when the environmental factor is present, the first portion of the sensing layer is prevented from experiencing a change in optical absorption capacity responsive to said environmental factor. Well-collimated light beams are passed through the sensing layer and are reflected back from the retroreflective layer for processing. When the environmental factor is present, the beams which pass through the second portion are attenuated responsive to an increase in optical absorption capacity and are compared with the non-attenuated beams passing through the first portion to calculate the presence and quantity of the environmental factor. 7 figs.

  11. Retroreflective systems for remote readout

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Deason, Vance A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Colwell, Frederick S. (Idaho Falls, ID); Ricks, Kirk L. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A sensing device for sensing an environmental factor. The device includes a retroreflective layer disposed in a parallel, facing relationship with a sensing layer. The sensing layer has an initial optical absorption capacity for (i) sensing a presence of an environmental factor, (ii) experiencing a change in optical absorption capacity responsive to said environmental factor, and (iii) transmitting and attenuating light. A first portion of the sensing layer is sealed off from exposure to the environment while a second portion remains exposed to the environment such that, when the environmental factor is present, the first portion of the sensing layer is prevented from experiencing a change in optical absorption capacity responsive to said environmental factor. Well-collimated light beams are passed through the sensing layer and are reflected back from the retroreflective layer for processing. When the environmental factor is present, the beams which pass through the second portion are attenuated responsive to an increase in optical absorption capacity and are compared with the non-attenuated beams passing through the first portion to calculate the presence and quantity of the environmental factor.

  12. Remote monitoring for international safeguards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dupree, S.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Sonnier, C.S. [Jupiter Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Remote monitoring is not a new technology, and its application to safeguards relevant activities has been examined for a number of years. On behalf of the US Department of Energy and international partners, remote monitoring systems have been emplaced in nuclear facilities and laboratories in various parts of the world. The experience gained from these field trials of remote monitoring systems has shown the viability of the concept of using integrated monitoring systems. Although a wide variety of sensors has been used in the remote monitoring field trials conducted to date, the possible range of instrumentation that might be used has scarcely been touched. As the technology becomes widespread, large amounts of data will become available to inspectors responsible for safeguards activities at the sites. Effective use of remote monitoring will require processing, archiving, presenting, and assessing of these data. To provide reasonable efficiency in the application of this technology, data processing should be done in a careful and organized manner. The problem will be not an issue of poring over scant records but of surviving under a deluge of information made possible by modern technology. Fortunately, modern technology, which created the problem of the data glut, is available to come to the assistance of those inundated by data. Apart from the technological problems, one of the most important aspects of remote monitoring is the potential constraint related to the transmission of data out of a facility or beyond national borders. Remote monitoring across national borders can be seriously considered only in the context of a comprehensive, transparent, and open implementation regime.

  13. Vol. 48 No. SIG 0(PRO 35) 2007 Java Remote GluonJ Remote GluonJ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiba, Shigeru

    Vol. 48 No. SIG 0(PRO 35) 2007 Java Remote GluonJ Remote GluonJ Remote GluonJ Remote GluonJ Java Remote GluonJ Remote GluonJ An AOP based Agile Development Environment for Distributed Software Muga/from the existing program easily. To support software development for Java with our method, we developed Remote

  14. Sensing vegetation growth with reflected GPS signals Eric E. Small,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Kristine

    Vegetative Index (NDVI) to gauge vegetation status. NDVI is inversely correlated with the magnitude- drological hypotheses [RodriguezIturbe, 2000]. Remote sensing using microwave radar is one approach for doc- umenting vegetation growth. Unlike optical methods, radar measurements are not hindered by cloud cover

  15. T-573: Windows Remote Desktop Client DLL Loading Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A vulnerability was reported in Windows Remote Desktop Client. A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system.

  16. Did biological activity in the Ionian Sea change after the Eastern Mediterranean Transient? Results from the analysis of remote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , characterize and predict the effect of climate changes on the relevant aspects of ecosystem dynamics. Estimates of the supposed climate change. [4] Only two significantly long time series of remote sensing data in the visibleDid biological activity in the Ionian Sea change after the Eastern Mediterranean Transient? Results

  17. FY 2010 LDRD

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ...101 Energy & Environmental Science & Technology Advanced Remote Sensing for Energy and Environmental Applications using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles...

  18. Wireless Urban Sensing Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for participatory science, citizen journalism and urbanscience (Cornell’s eBird, ebird.org), blogging and citizen

  19. Remote Store Programming: Mechanisms and Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wentzlaff, David

    2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents remote store programming (RSP). This paradigm combines usability and efficiency through the exploitation of a simple hardware mechanism, the remote store, which can easily be added to existing ...

  20. AIRBORNE, OPTICAL REMOTE SENSNG OF METHANE AND ETHANE FOR NATURAL GAS PIPELINE LEAK DETECTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jerry Myers

    2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Ophir Corporation was awarded a contract by the U. S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory under the Project Title ''Airborne, Optical Remote Sensing of Methane and Ethane for Natural Gas Pipeline Leak Detection'' on October 14, 2002. The scope of the work involved designing and developing an airborne, optical remote sensor capable of sensing methane and, if possible, ethane for the detection of natural gas pipeline leaks. Flight testing using a custom dual wavelength, high power fiber amplifier was initiated in February 2005. Ophir successfully demonstrated the airborne system, showing that it was capable of discerning small amounts of methane from a simulated pipeline leak. Leak rates as low as 150 standard cubic feet per hour (scf/h) were detected by the airborne sensor.