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  1. Geothermal Exploration Using Aviris Remote Sensing Data Over...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Exploration Using Aviris Remote Sensing Data Over Fish Lake Valley, Nv Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Geothermal...

  2. REMOTE SENSING OF THE ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    1 CHAPTER 1: REMOTE SENSING OF THE ENVIRONMENT REFERENCE: Remote Sensing of the Environment John R. Jensen (2007) Second Edition Pearson Prentice Hall What is Remote Sensing? #12;2 Photogrammetry ­ the art of identifying objects and judging their significance (Colwell, 1966). Remote Sensing ­ the measurement

  3. Interpreting Remote Sensing NOx Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    Interpreting Remote Sensing NOx Measurements Robert Slott, Consultant, Donald Stedman and Saj tailpipe emissions (HC, CO, NOx) are changing with time hUse remote sensing hMeasurements in at least 4 of the year at each location hUniform QC/QA and data reporting Paper # 2001-01-3640 #12;Remote Sensing

  4. Remote Sensing Laboratory - RSL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-11-06

    One of the primary resources supporting homeland security is the Remote Sensing Laboratory, or RSL. The Laboratory creates advanced technologies for emergency response operations, radiological incident response, and other remote sensing activities. RSL emergency response teams are on call 24-hours a day, and maintain the capability to deploy domestically and internationally in response to threats involving the loss, theft, or release of nuclear or radioactive material. Such incidents might include Nuclear Power Plant accidents, terrorist incidents involving nuclear or radiological materials, NASA launches, and transportation accidents involving nuclear materials. Working with the US Department of Homeland Security, RSL personnel equip, maintain, and conduct training on the mobile detection deployment unit, to provide nuclear radiological security at major national events such as the super bowl, the Indianapolis 500, New Year's Eve celebrations, presidential inaugurations, international meetings and conferences, just about any event where large numbers of people will gather.

  5. Remote Sensing Laboratory - RSL

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2015-01-09

    One of the primary resources supporting homeland security is the Remote Sensing Laboratory, or RSL. The Laboratory creates advanced technologies for emergency response operations, radiological incident response, and other remote sensing activities. RSL emergency response teams are on call 24-hours a day, and maintain the capability to deploy domestically and internationally in response to threats involving the loss, theft, or release of nuclear or radioactive material. Such incidents might include Nuclear Power Plant accidents, terrorist incidents involving nuclear or radiological materials, NASA launches, and transportation accidents involving nuclear materials. Working with the US Department of Homeland Security, RSL personnel equip, maintain, and conduct training on the mobile detection deployment unit, to provide nuclear radiological security at major national events such as the super bowl, the Indianapolis 500, New Year's Eve celebrations, presidential inaugurations, international meetings and conferences, just about any event where large numbers of people will gather.

  6. An Integrated Mapping And Remote Sensing Investigation Of The...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Remote Sensing Investigation Of The Structural Control For Fumarole Location In The Eburru Volcanic Complex, Kenya Rift Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to...

  7. Sensing remote nuclear spins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nan Zhao; Jan Honert; Berhard Schmid; Junichi Isoya; Mathew Markham; Daniel Twitchen; Fedor Jelezko; Ren-Bao Liu; Helmut Fedder; Jörg Wrachtrup

    2012-04-29

    Sensing single nuclear spins is a central challenge in magnetic resonance based imaging techniques. Although different methods and especially diamond defect based sensing and imaging techniques in principle have shown sufficient sensitivity, signals from single nuclear spins are usually too weak to be distinguished from background noise. Here, we present the detection and identification of remote single C-13 nuclear spins embedded in nuclear spin baths surrounding a single electron spins of a nitrogen-vacancy centre in diamond. With dynamical decoupling control of the centre electron spin, the weak magnetic field ~10 nT from a single nuclear spin located ~3 nm from the centre with hyperfine coupling as weak as ~500 Hz is amplified and detected. The quantum nature of the coupling is confirmed and precise position and the vector components of the nuclear field are determined. Given the distance over which nuclear magnetic fields can be detected the technique marks a firm step towards imaging, detecting and controlling nuclear spin species external to the diamond sensor.

  8. Space and Remote Sensing (ISR-2)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Space and Remote Sensing Developing and applying remote sensing capabilities to problems of global security and related sciences Contacts Group Leader Robert Shirey Email Deputy...

  9. CHAPTER 12:CHAPTER 12: Remote Sensing ofRemote Sensing of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    1 CHAPTER 12:CHAPTER 12: Remote Sensing ofRemote Sensing of WaterWaterWaterWater REFERENCE: Remote SensingREFERENCE: Remote Sensing of the Environmentof the Environment John R. Jensen (2007)John R. Jensen yy y the waterthe water with remotewith remote sensing?sensing? #12;2 THE BLUE PLANETTHE BLUE PLANET

  10. CHAPTERCHAPTER 1313CHAPTERCHAPTER 13:13: Remote Sensing ofRemote Sensing of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    11 CHAPTERCHAPTER 1313CHAPTERCHAPTER 13:13: Remote Sensing ofRemote Sensing of Urban LandscapeUrban Landscape REFERENCE: Remote SensingREFERENCE: Remote Sensing of the Environmentof the Environment John R Hall pp Urban Remote Sensing Users · Zoning regulation · Commerce and economic development · Tax

  11. The Wildlife Society (TWS) GIS Annual Remote Sensing Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dwyer, Chris

    1996-01-01

    Secretary/Treasurer, TWS GIS & Remote Sensing Working Group.The Wildlife Society (TWS) GIS Annual Remote Sensing Meetinghosted a special meeting of GIS and remote sensing interests

  12. INTERVAL METHODS IN REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Karen

    INTERVAL METHODS IN REMOTE SENSING: RELIABLE SUB­DIVISION OF GEOLOGICAL AREAS David D. Coblentz, G of the locations which weren't that thoroughly analyzed. 1 #12; 2 The subdivision of a geological zone TOPOGRAPHIC INFORMATION One reason for subjectivity of the geological subdivision is the fact

  13. FFuunnddaammeennttaallss of Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Small, Christopher

    .8 Endnotes 22 Did You Know 23 Whiz Quiz and Answers 27 2. Sensors 2.1 On the Ground, In the Air, In Space 34 and Concentration Ice Motion 5.7 Land Cover 215 Rural/Urban change Biomass Mapping 5.8 Mapping 222 Planimetry DEMs by sensing and recording reflected or emitted energy and processing, analyzing, and applying that information

  14. REMOTE SENSING GEOLOGICAL SURVEY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sensing data used in CPRM geologic projects Future perspective: the Spectral Library of Geological Survey Pesquisa de Recursos Minerais (CPRM) is a state-owned company that carries out the functions of Brazil ­ CPRM #12;Examples of use of LANDSAT imagery in CPRM projects Field works planning ­ Enhancement

  15. Position Announcement Postdoctoral Research Associate Lidar Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    Position Announcement Postdoctoral Research Associate ­ Lidar Remote Sensing Department Summary: The employee will provide remote sensing expertise and conduct research in lidar remote sensing from advanced terrestrial, airborne, and satellite remote sensing platforms, including UASs (Unmanned

  16. Geography 477 Introduction to Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    Geography 477 Introduction to Remote Sensing www.sdal.uiuc.edu Dr. Tom Frank 321 Davenport Hall tdfrank@uiuc.edu 333-7248 #12;Remotely-sensed images of light reflected or emitted from the earth of the earth's environments #12;Remote sensing is the science or art of deriving information about an object

  17. Challenges and Opportunities of Remote Sensing in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    Challenges and Opportunities of Remote Sensing in Caribbean Coastal Waters Fernando Gilbes-Santaella, Ph.D. Associate Professor Geological and Environmental Remote Sensing Laboratory Department of this presentation Discuss the potential and limitations for remote sensing of ocean color and coral reefs monitoring

  18. 11 Remote Sensing of Submerged Aquatic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purkis, Sam

    223 11 Remote Sensing of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation and Coral Reefs Sam Purkis and Chris, the remote sensing of SAV, as well as coral reefs, is considerably more challenging than for terrestrial differentia- tion of SAV and coral habitats using optical remote sensing demands specialized strategies, even

  19. Interactive Visualization of Remote Sensing Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanz, Volker

    Interactive Visualization of Remote Sensing Data Interaktive Visualisierung von Fernerkundungsdaten alterungsbeständigem holz- und säurefreiem Papier. #12;Abstract Remote Sensing is an important tool for the analysis and spaceborne Remote Sensing systems produce a rapidly growing number of data sets, and improvements in sensor

  20. Friday, March 17, 2006 LUNAR REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    Friday, March 17, 2006 LUNAR REMOTE SENSING 1:30 p.m. Crystal Ballroom B Chairs: M. S. Robinson D variations due to photometry can mimic those attributed to composition in remote sensing data of planetary D. B. Remote Sensing and Geologic Studies of the Southeastern Quadrant of the Moon [#1815] We report

  1. Bylaws of the Center for Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    DRAFT Bylaws of the Center for Remote Sensing Agricultural and Biological Engineering University for the conduct and operation of the Center for Remote Sensing (CRS) at the University of Florida (UF). The CRS and international recognition in research, teaching, and outreach for cutting-edge technologies in remote sensing

  2. Remote Sensing of the Rob Holman1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, Merrick

    Remote Sensing of the Nearshore Rob Holman1 and Merrick C. Haller2 1 College of Earth, Ocean- ate temporal or spatial density or at reasonable logistical or financial costs. Remote sensing algo- rithms by which the most important geophysical variables can be estimated from remote sensing

  3. 10 January 2009 PHOTOGRAMMETRIC ENGINEERING & REMOTE SENSING High Performance Computing in Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plaza, Antonio J.

    10 January 2009 PHOTOGRAMMETRIC ENGINEERING & REMOTE SENSING High Performance Computing in Remote Book ReviewBook Review High Performance Computing in Remote Sensing introduces the most recent advances in the incorporation of the high-performance computing (HPC) paradigm in remote sensing missions. Eighteen well

  4. Electromagnetic Radiation REFERENCE: Remote Sensing of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    ;2 Electromagnetic Energy Interactions Energy recorded by remote sensing systems undergoes fundamental interactions that should be understood to properly interpret the remotely sensed data. For example, if the energy being nanosecond (10-9 s). The electromagnetic wave consists of two fluctuating fields--one electric and the other

  5. Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Tropical Grass Quality and Quantity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Tropical Grass Quality and Quantity Onisimo Mutanga 7 April 2004, The Netherlands Prof. W. J. Bond University of Cape Town, South Africa #12;Hyperspectral Remote Sensing 1.2 Hyperspectral remote sensing

  6. Snowpack spatial variability: towards understanding its effect on remote sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Hans-Peter

    Snowpack spatial variability: towards understanding its effect on remote sensing measurements spatial variability: towards understanding its effect on remote sensing mea- surements and snow slope large errors in these basin estimates. Remote sensing measurements offer a promising alternative, due

  7. Multiple Instrument Distributed Aperture Sensor (MIDAS) For Planetary Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcus, Philip S.

    Multiple Instrument Distributed Aperture Sensor (MIDAS) For Planetary Remote Sensing Joe Pitman An innovative approach that enables greatly increased return from planetary science remote sensing missions as the primary remote sensing science payload, thereby reducing the cost, resources, complexity, integration

  8. Advanced polychromator systems for remote chemical sensing (LDRD...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    polychromator systems for remote chemical sensing (LDRD project 52575). Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Advanced polychromator systems for remote chemical sensing (LDRD...

  9. Remote sensing, imaging, and signal engineering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brase, J.M.

    1993-03-01

    This report discusses the Remote Sensing, Imaging, and Signal Engineering (RISE) trust area which has been very active in working to define new directions. Signal and image processing have always been important support for existing programs at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), but now these technologies are becoming central to the formation of new programs. Exciting new applications such as high-resolution telescopes, radar remote sensing, and advanced medical imaging are allowing us to participate in the development of new programs.

  10. Authors Queries Journal: International Journal of Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at San Antonio, University of

    and Environmental Science, New Mexico Tech, Socorro, NM 87801, USA §Laboratory for Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics

  11. On-road remote sensing of vehicle emissions in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-road remote sensing of vehicle emissions in the Auckland Region August 2003 Technical 1877353000 www.arc.govt.nz #12;TP 198 On-Road Remote Sensing of Vehicle Emissions in the Auckland Region #12;Page i TP 198 On-Road Remote Sensing of Vehicle Emissions in the Auckland Region On-road remote sensing

  12. OVERVIEW OF REMOTE SENSING (David Sandwell, Copyright, 2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandwell, David T.

    1 OVERVIEW OF REMOTE SENSING (David Sandwell, Copyright, 2007) Definition Remote sensing: · satellite (or aircraft) remote sensing of the Earth (mostly); · information carried by electromagnetic waves detailed discussion of applications of remote sensing. Instead the focus is on the physical principles

  13. int. j. remote sensing, 2000, vol. 21, no. 18, 35333538 Close-range remote sensing of aquatic macrophyte vegetation cover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debinski, Diane M.

    int. j. remote sensing, 2000, vol. 21, no. 18, 3533­3538 Close-range remote sensing of aquatic Applied Remote Sensing (KARS) Program, 2291 Irving Hill Road, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 location of sampling plots. While aerial photography and satellite remotely sensed imagery have been used

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 Remote Sensing of Weather Hazards Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruz-Pol, Sandra L.

    -Cost and Minimal Infrastructure Off-the-Grid Weather Radar Network Jorge M. Trabal, Student Member, IEEE, José GIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 Remote Sensing of Weather Hazards Using a Low, IEEE, and David J. McLaughlin, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--Operational weather radars in the U

  15. Remote Sens. 2009, 1, 519-533; doi:10.3390/rs1030519 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Charles W.

    Remote Sens. 2009, 1, 519-533; doi:10.3390/rs1030519 Remote Sensing ISSN 2072-4292 www of Remotely Sensed Data Paul H. Evangelista 1, *, Thomas J. Stohlgren 2 , Jeffrey T. Morisette 2 and Sunil model (Maxent) for its application and performance in remotely sensing invasive Tamarix sp. Six Landsat

  16. On-Road Emissions in Asia Measured by Remote Sensing.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Emissions in Asia Measured by Remote Sensing. · Donald H. Stedman, Gary A. Bishop on-road advantage · Large on-road emissions cause poor air quality. · Remote sensing measures on

  17. Graduate Certificate in Remote Sensing Texas A&M University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are applied to wide-ranging fields such as environmental/resource management, marketing, facility management of Ecosystem Science and Management and Geography 651 ­ Remote Sensing for Geographical Analysis · ESSM 655 ­ Remote Sensing for Natural Resources

  18. Geography 115B Remote Sensing Winter 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bookhagen, Bodo

    5 (W) Image classification + Accuracy assessments Required Reading: Introductory Digital Image assessment 9. Feb 10 (M) Classification II/Change Detection Required Reading: Introductory Digital Image the lecture and labs: Introductory Digital Image Processing: A Remote Sensing Perspective, 3rd Edition by J

  19. Dyke quality assessment by remote sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hack, Robert

    Control 2015 (FC2015 ) Dutch Governmental research andDutch Governmental research and development program Solutions for smart flood control 15 Oct 2009 2Reeuwijk - Hack #12;2 RSDYKRSDYK Quality assessment of dykes1 RSDYK Dyke quality assessment by remote sensing and geological information Robert Hack Flood

  20. Advanced signal processing in geophysical remote sensing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Witten, A.J.; King, W.C.

    1993-06-01

    This paper describes advanced signal processing methods which have improved the capabilities to detect and image the subsurface environment with geophysical remote sensing techniques. Field results are presented showing target detection, subsurface characterizations, and imaging of insitu waste treatment processes, all previously unachievable with such tools as ground penetrating radar, magnetometry and seismic.

  1. Advanced signal processing in geophysical remote sensing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Witten, A.J. ); King, W.C. . Dept. of Geography and Environmental Engineering)

    1993-01-01

    This paper describes advanced signal processing methods which have improved the capabilities to detect and image the subsurface environment with geophysical remote sensing techniques. Field results are presented showing target detection, subsurface characterizations, and imaging of insitu waste treatment processes, all previously unachievable with such tools as ground penetrating radar, magnetometry and seismic.

  2. Remote Sensing R. E. Mcintosh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100 Winners *ReindustrializationEnergy Remote AlaskanJ.E.M. Goldsmith,R. E.

  3. Wireless Tomography, Part I: A Novel Approach to Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    Wireless Tomography, Part I: A Novel Approach to Remote Sensing R. C. Qiu, M. C. Wicks, L. Li, Z. Browning.12@us.af.mil Abstract--Wireless tomography, a novel approach to remote sensing, is proposed--radio frequency tomography, remote sensing, cognitive radar, cognitive radio. I. INTRODUCTION The ever increasing

  4. GG671b Remote Sensing Planets Gillis-Davis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GG671b Remote Sensing ­ Planets Gillis-Davis Wednesday 1:30-4:20 POST 544 Description: This course will teach end-to-end principles of remote sensing across electromagnetic spectrum with application state-of-the art remote sensing methods and basic concepts of how to use such data to derive information

  5. Using Remote Sensing for Natural Disaster Management Tara Srihari

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Using Remote Sensing for Natural Disaster Management Tara Srihari Department of Computing Sciences these losses. Remote sensing images can be used to provide information about the landscape and environment is focused on developing an infrastructure to make the data collected with remote sensing more widely

  6. COMPLEX WAVELET REGULARIZATION FOR SOLVING INVERSE PROBLEMS IN REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Pierre

    COMPLEX WAVELET REGULARIZATION FOR SOLVING INVERSE PROBLEMS IN REMOTE SENSING Mika¨el Carlavan Sophia-Antipolis - France ABSTRACT Many problems in remote sensing can be modeled as the min- imization processing: sparsity and regular- ity priors. 1. INTRODUCTION Some problems in remote sensing consist

  7. Remote Sensing in Support of Multilateral Environmental Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Remote Sensing in Support of Multilateral Environmental Agreements Alex de Sherbinin CIESIN, from 172 in 1970 to more than 475 today · the sophistication of remote sensing and geospatial sets · the number of global and regional initiatives attempting to apply remote sensing (RS

  8. Remote Sensing Messungen zur on-road Bestimmung der

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    LUBETRAX Remote Sensing Messungen zur on-road Bestimmung der Abgase von schweren Motorfahrzeugen, Chur, Zürich, Brugg Dr. Peter Maly (Projektleitung) Dr. Stefan Scherer Dr. G.A. Bishop (Remote Sensing;Inhaltsverzeichnis Zusammenfassung 1 1. Einleitung und Zielsetzung 3 1.1 Remote Sensing Messungen (FEAT) 4 1

  9. Multivariate and Supervised Approaches for Mathematical Morphology in Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lefèvre, Sébastien

    Multivariate and Supervised Approaches for Mathematical Morphology in Remote Sensing S´ebastien Lef`evre Image Sciences, Computer Sciences and Remote Sensing Laboratory (LSIIT) Models, Image and Vision Team MM Supervised MM Applications in Remote Sensing Conclusion Mathematical Morphology is a powerful

  10. Interactive Multiscale Classification of High-Resolution Remote Sensing Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gosselin, Philippe-Henri

    1 Interactive Multiscale Classification of High-Resolution Remote Sensing Images Jefersson Alex dos~ao Abstract The use of remote sensing images (RSIs) as a source of information in agribusiness applications in space occupation. However, the identification and recognition of crop regions in remote sensing images

  11. Thursday, March 15, 2007 POSTER SESSION II: LUNAR REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    Thursday, March 15, 2007 POSTER SESSION II: LUNAR REMOTE SENSING 6:30 p.m. Fitness Center Mc-Cittert) Planetary Remote Sensing Neutron Count Rate Maps [#2408] This paper evaluates Jansson Van-Cittert's (JVC) image restoration transform for possible application to neutron maps for planetary remote sensing

  12. VISUAL ASSISTANCE TOOLS FOR INTERACTIVE VISUALIZATION OF REMOTE SENSING DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanz, Volker

    VISUAL ASSISTANCE TOOLS FOR INTERACTIVE VISUALIZATION OF REMOTE SENSING DATA Martin Lambers to interactive visualization of remote sensing data. Index Terms-- Visualization 1. INTRODUCTION Interactive visualization of remote sensing data gives the user much control over the visualization result. In the ideal

  13. Multiple Instrument Distributed Aperture Sensor (MIDAS) For Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fienup, James R.

    Multiple Instrument Distributed Aperture Sensor (MIDAS) For Remote Sensing Joe Pitman,a , Alan that enables greatly increased return from earth and planetary science remote sensing missions is described are integrated into MIDAS as the primary remote sensing science payload, thereby reducing the cost, resources

  14. ADVANCED CONCEPTS ON REMOTE SENSING OF PRECIPITATION AT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foufoula-Georgiou, Efi

    ADVANCED CONCEPTS ON REMOTE SENSING OF PRECIPITATION AT MULTIPLE SCALES by SorooSh SorooShian, amirTs Workshop on remoTe sensing of precipiTATion AT mulTiple scAles what: 50 participants from precipitation of remote sensing of precipitation whEn: 15­17 March 2010 whErE: University of California, Irvine Overview

  15. COMPRESSIVE PUSHBROOM AND WHISKBROOM SENSING FOR HYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE-SENSING IMAGING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, James E.

    COMPRESSIVE PUSHBROOM AND WHISKBROOM SENSING FOR HYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE-SENSING IMAGING James E to the sensor. On the other hand, hyperspectral im- agery in remote-sensing applications is frequently acquired- ically, hyperspectral remote-sensing sensors are mounted on some type of airborne or satellite

  16. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 5173-5192; doi:10.3390/rs5105173 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 5173-5192; doi:10.3390/rs5105173 Remote Sensing ISSN 2072-4292 www: fire detection; geosynchronous; remote sensing; infrared; FUEGO 1. Introduction 1.1. Overview Fire for a geosynchronous OPEN ACCESS #12;Remote Sens. 2013, 5 5174 satellite with modern imaging detectors, software

  17. Remote shock sensing and notification system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Muralidharan, Govindarajan (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Britton, Charles L. (Alcoa, TN) [Alcoa, TN; Pearce, James (Lenoir City, TN) [Lenoir City, TN; Jagadish, Usha (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Sikka, Vinod K. (Oak Ridge, TN) [Oak Ridge, TN

    2010-11-02

    A low-power shock sensing system includes at least one shock sensor physically coupled to a chemical storage tank to be monitored for impacts, and an RF transmitter which is in a low-power idle state in the absence of a triggering signal. The system includes interface circuitry including or activated by the shock sensor, wherein an output of the interface circuitry is coupled to an input of the RF transmitter. The interface circuitry triggers the RF transmitter with the triggering signal to transmit an alarm message to at least one remote location when the sensor senses a shock greater than a predetermined threshold. In one embodiment the shock sensor is a shock switch which provides an open and a closed state, the open state being a low power idle state.

  18. Remote shock sensing and notification system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Muralidharan, Govindarajan (Knoxville, TN); Britton, Charles L. (Alcoa, TN); Pearce, James (Lenoir City, TN); Jagadish, Usha (Knoxville, TN); Sikka, Vinod K. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    2008-11-11

    A low-power shock sensing system includes at least one shock sensor physically coupled to a chemical storage tank to be monitored for impacts, and an RF transmitter which is in a low-power idle state in the absence of a triggering signal. The system includes interference circuitry including or activated by the shock sensor, wherein an output of the interface circuitry is coupled to an input of the RF transmitter. The interface circuitry triggers the RF transmitting with the triggering signal to transmit an alarm message to at least one remote location when the sensor senses a shock greater than a predetermined threshold. In one embodiment the shock sensor is a shock switch which provides an open and a closed state, the open state being a low power idle state.

  19. Remote Sensing 2010, 2, 1797-1825; doi:10.3390/rs2071797 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Michael

    / Published: 19 July 2010 Abstract: Hydraulic gold mining in the Sierra Nevada, California (1853 below dams where floods can remobilize them. This study uses topographic and planimetric data from; hydraulic mining sediment; floodplain morphology OPEN ACCESS #12;Remote Sensing 2010, 2 1798 1. Introduction

  20. Method of determining forest production from remotely sensed forest parameters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Corey, J.C.; Mackey, H.E. Jr.

    1987-08-31

    A method of determining forest production entirely from remotely sensed data in which remotely sensed multispectral scanner (MSS) data on forest 5 composition is combined with remotely sensed radar imaging data on forest stand biophysical parameters to provide a measure of forest production. A high correlation has been found to exist between the remotely sensed radar imaging data and on site measurements of biophysical 10 parameters such as stand height, diameter at breast height, total tree height, mean area per tree, and timber stand volume.

  1. Geobotanical Remote Sensing Applied To Targeting New Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleGeobotanicalRemoteSensingAppliedToTargetingNewGeothermalResourceLocationsInTheUsBasinAndRangeWithAFocusOnDixieMeadows,...

  2. GIS and remote sensing team recognized by industry leaders

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Transmission-GIS-and-Remote-Sensing-Team-recognized-by-industry-leaders-at-Esri-Conference Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News...

  3. Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 1427-1446; doi:10.3390/rs3071427 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keeton, William S.

    carbon dioxide and potentially complex interactions with other anthropogenic stressors [4,5] requireRemote Sens. 2011, 3, 1427-1446; doi:10.3390/rs3071427 Remote Sensing ISSN 2072-4292 www.mdpi.com/journal/remotesensing Article Evaluating the Remote Sensing and Inventory-Based Estimation of Biomass in the Western Carpathians

  4. Near-surface remote sensing of canopy architecture and land-atmosphere interactions in an oak savanna ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryu, Youngryel

    2010-01-01

    MODIS satellite data. Remote Sensing of Environment, 106,a joint flux tower, remote sensing and modelling analysis.of the algorithm. Remote Sensing of Environment, 110,

  5. int. j. remote sensing, 1999, vol. 20, no. 17, 3281 3291 A remote sensing and GIS-based model of habitats and biodiversity in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debinski, Diane M.

    int. j. remote sensing, 1999, vol. 20, no. 17, 3281± 3291 A remote sensing and GIS-based model, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66047, USA and §Kansas Applied Remote Sensing (KARS) Program, 2291 Irving 31 May 1998) Abstract. We used remotely sensed data and geographical information systems (GIS

  6. The Application of Remote Sensing inThe Application of Remote Sensing in Support of Ecosystem ManagementSupport of Ecosystem Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    The Application of Remote Sensing inThe Application of Remote Sensing in Support of Ecosystem of remote sensing in support of multilateral environmental agreements. There is much that the conservation community has to gain by looking seriously at the contributions that remote sensing can make

  7. Dyke quality assessment by remote sensing Robert Hack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hack, Robert

    FC2015 RSDYK Dyke quality assessment by remote sensing Robert Hack 14-Apr-09 1FC2015-RSDYK - Hack Robert Hack #12;Pilot project: RSDYK2008 Trial to establish whether remote sensing in combination-Apr-09 2FC2015-RSDYK - Hack #12;Test sites in Reeuwijk ­ Zuid Holland (map: Routenet-Routeplan, http

  8. Australian Root Zone Soil Moisture: Assimilation of Remote Sensing Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Jeff

    parameters and atmospheric forcing (Houser et al., 2002). Advances in passive microwave remote sensing have. Ursinob , R.B. Graysona and P.R. Houserc a Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University. The C-band passive microwave remote sensing data from the Scanning Multi-frequency Microwave Radiometer

  9. Remote sensing in BOREAS: Lessons learned J.A. Gamona

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nassar, Ray

    , heat, water, momentum, and carbon dioxide. The main goals of the Boreal Ecosys- tem Atmosphere StudyRemote sensing in BOREAS: Lessons learned J.A. Gamona , K.F. Huemmrichb,*, D.R. Peddlec , J. Chend, Greenbelt, MD, USA m Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory, USDA-Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville

  10. Applications and Research Using Remote Sensing for Rangeland Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt Jr., E. Raymond

    - ability of clean water, sequester excess carbon dioxide, main- tain plant and animal diversityApplications and Research Using Remote Sensing for Rangeland Management E. Raymond Hunt, Jr., James remote sensing. Noxious weed infestations can be determined by careful selection of the spatial

  11. Real-time Remote Sensing of Snowmobiles Emissions at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    Real-time Remote Sensing of Snowmobiles Emissions at Yellowstone National Park: An Oxygenated Fuel 68509 #12;Real-time Remote Sensing of Snowmobile Emissions at Yellowstone National Park 2 Executive emissions from snowmobiles. Ratios of CO, HC and toluene to CO2 were measured and used to calculate %CO, %HC

  12. Research Initiative 12: Integration of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    1 Research Initiative 12: Integration of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems Closing the results of NCGIA Initiative 12 on: "The Integration of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems to the broader application of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Geographic Information Analysis (GIA

  13. Geography 478 Techniques of Remote Sensing Image Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    Geography 478 Techniques of Remote Sensing Image Analysis (Earth Observation System Science) Dr. Tom Frank tdfrank@uiuc.edu www.sdal.uiuc.edu 333-7248 321 Davenport Hall #12;Geography 478 Techniques Perspective #12;Geography 478 Techniques of Remote Sensing Image Analysis (Earth Observation System Science

  14. Neural network uncertainty assessment using Bayesian statistics with application to remote sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aires, Filipe

    Neural network uncertainty assessment using Bayesian statistics with application to remote sensing for many inversion problems in remote sensing; however, uncertainty estimates are rarely provided Meteorology and Atmospheric Dynamics: General or miscellaneous; KEYWORDS: remote sensing, uncertainty, neural

  15. Remote Sensing and Field Mapping: Requisite Bed Fellows for Assessing River Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beagle, Julie

    2009-01-01

    al. 1991. What Does Remote Sensing Do For Ecology? Ecology,B. 2006. Introduction to remote sensing. Edition 4. Guilford2004. The role of remote sensing technology in the EU water

  16. Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Coastal Environments Miguel VelezReyes, Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Coastal Environments Miguel VelezReyes, Director Laboratory for Applied Remote Sensing and Image Processing Center for Subsurface Sensing and Imaging Systems as defined by distinct physical, geochemical, and biological characteristics. Hyperspectral remote

  17. Remote Sensing and GIS Integration: Towards a Prioritized Research Agenda (93-4)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estes, John E.; Star, Jeffrey L.

    1993-01-01

    Analysis using Integrated GIS and Remotely Sensed Data: SomeIntegration of Remote Sensing and GIS. Data and Data Access,use of remote sensing and GIS? 5.0 References Davis, F.W. ,

  18. Method to analyze remotely sensed spectral data

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stork, Christopher L. (Albuquerque, NM); Van Benthem, Mark H. (Middletown, DE)

    2009-02-17

    A fast and rigorous multivariate curve resolution (MCR) algorithm is applied to remotely sensed spectral data. The algorithm is applicable in the solar-reflective spectral region, comprising the visible to the shortwave infrared (ranging from approximately 0.4 to 2.5 .mu.m), midwave infrared, and thermal emission spectral region, comprising the thermal infrared (ranging from approximately 8 to 15 .mu.m). For example, employing minimal a priori knowledge, notably non-negativity constraints on the extracted endmember profiles and a constant abundance constraint for the atmospheric upwelling component, MCR can be used to successfully compensate thermal infrared hyperspectral images for atmospheric upwelling and, thereby, transmittance effects. Further, MCR can accurately estimate the relative spectral absorption coefficients and thermal contrast distribution of a gas plume component near the minimum detectable quantity.

  19. RemoteEyes: A Remote Low-Cost Position Sensing Infrastructure for Ubiquitous Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    British Columbia, University of

    RemoteEyes: A Remote Low-Cost Position Sensing Infrastructure for Ubiquitous Computing Changsong infrastructure for ubiquitous computing. To reduce the cost, each tracked object carries an inexpensive active, sensing, network, FPGA, ubiquitous computing INTRODUCTION Context information is required by many

  20. AN INVESTIGATION OF REMOTELY SENSED URBAN HEAT ISLAND CLIMATOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Leiqiu

    2014-08-31

    Satellite remotely sensed temperatures are widely used for urban heat island (UHI) studies. However, the abilities of satellite surface and atmospheric data to assess the climatology of UHI face many unknowns and challenges. ...

  1. Remote Sensing and Unclassified Detection: Summer Research Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith Bearhill, Paula

    2008-11-19

    ?New approaches 11-17-2008 Paula Smith Bearhill SRE ?To understand the potential of remote sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS) within an Indigenous community ?Collected archived data (photos, text) ?Acquired Landsat Imagery ?Reviewed...

  2. Multiscale remote sensing of plant physiology and carbon uptake 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atherton, Jon Mark

    2012-06-25

    This study investigated the use of optical remote sensing for estimating leaf and canopy scale light use efficiency (LUE) and carbon exchange. In addition, a new leaf level model capable of predicting dynamic changes in ...

  3. ARM - Evaluation Product - Active Remote Sensing of Clouds from...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ProductsActive Remote Sensing of Clouds from Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Documentation Use the Data File Inventory tool to view data availability at...

  4. Remote sensing of the coastal zone: an overview and priorities for future research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remote sensing of the coastal zone: an overview and priorities for future research TIM J. MALTHUS of the International Journal of Remote Sensing on Remote Sensing of the Coastal Marine Environment to highlight recent advances in knowledge of remote sensing of the coastal zone and to define a series of priorities where

  5. Coupling remote sensing with computational fluid dynamics modelling to estimate lake chlorophyll-a concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coupling remote sensing with computational fluid dynamics modelling to estimate lake chlorophyll form 17 October 2000; accepted 1 June 2001 Abstract A remotely sensed image of Loch Leven, a shallow in the remotely sensed image. It is proposed that CFD modelling benefits the interpretation of remotely sensed

  6. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 Correspondence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 Correspondence Correction to "Estimation of the OSCAT Spatial Response Function Using Island Targets" Joshua P. Bradley and David G. Long, Fellow, IEEE, "Estimation of the OSCAT spatial response function using island targets," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens

  7. Remote Sensing of Natural Areas: Procedures and Considerations for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Remote Sensing of Natural Areas: Procedures and Considerations for Assessing Stress and Pollution. In this discussion, we will examine the use of re- mote sensing in evaluating vegetation stress and pollution- ure 1 (page 2). The spectrograph shows how much light is reflected at different wavelengths, ranging

  8. Remote Sensing of Changing Cryosphere, LandIce and Snow -Workshop of the European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories (EARSeL),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zahn, Matthias

    Remote Sensing of Changing Cryosphere, LandIce and Snow - Workshop of the European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories (EARSeL), Bern, Switzerland, 11-13 February 2008 Page 1 Potential and limits Max-Planck Institute of Meteorology, Germany #12;Remote Sensing of Changing Cryosphere, Land

  9. Remote sensing for wind power potential: a prospector's handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wade, J.E.; Maule, P.A.; Bodvarsson, G.; Rosenfeld, C.L.; Woolley, S.G.; McClenahan, M.R.

    1983-02-01

    Remote sensing can aid in identifying and locating indicators of wind power potential from the terrestrial, marine, and atmospheric environments (i.e.: wind-deformed trees, white caps, and areas of thermal flux). It is not considered as a tool for determining wind power potential. A wide variety of remotely sensed evidence is described in terms of the scale at which evidence of wind power can be identified, and the appropriate remote sensors for finding such evidence. Remote sensing can be used for regional area prospecting using small-scale imagery. The information from such small-scale imagery is most often qualitative, and if it is transitory, examination of a number of images to verify presistence of the feature may be required. However, this evidence will allow rapid screening of a large area. Medium-scale imagery provides a better picture of the evidence obtained from small-scale imagery. At this level it is best to use existing imagery. Criteria relating to land use, accessibility, and proximity of candidate sites to nearby transmission lines can also be effectively evaluated from medium-scale imagery. Large-scale imagery provides the most quantitative evidence of the strength of wind. Wind-deformed trees can be identified at a large number of sites using only a few hours in locally chartered aircraft. A handheld 35mm camera can adequately document any evidence of wind. Three case studies that employ remote sensing prospecting techniques are described. Based on remotely sensed evidence, the wind power potential in three geographically and climatically diverse areas of the United States is estimated, and the estimates are compared to actual wind data in those regions. In addition, the cost of each survey is discussed. The results indicate that remote sensing for wind power potential is a quick, cost effective, and fairly reliable method for screening large areas for wind power potential.

  10. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Omaha Area: Year 2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Omaha Area: Year 2, September 2004 Gary A of the work. #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Omaha Area: Year 2 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver conducted a five-day remote sensing study in the Omaha, Nebraska area in September of 2004. The remote

  11. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 5,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 5, January 2005 Gary A, Suite 140 Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-9 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile-day remote sensing study in the Denver, CO area in the winter of 2005. The remote sensor used in this study

  12. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 4,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 4, January 2003 Daniel A year of a multi-year remote sensing study in the Denver area. The remote sensor used in this study channel was somewhat significant. #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Denver Area: Year 4 2 INTRODUCTION

  13. Remote sensing at the Speer off ramp, Denver, CO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slott, R. [Shell Oil Co., Houston, TX (United States)

    1996-10-01

    Remote sensing under controlled driving conditions predicts failed FTP CO and HC emissions similarly to the IM240 test. Careful selection of on-road, remote sensing measurement sites can constrain driving modes. At one such site, the Speer Boulevard I-25 off ramp in Denver, Don Stedman and his co-workers made remote sensing measurements from 1989 to 1995. Studies were performed during five of these seven years. This talk will discuss the results of these studies including (1) the relative importance of new vehicle technology and vehicle deterioration for on-road Co emissions, and (2) an early estimate of additional on-road HC and CO emission reductions from Denver`s Enhanced I/M program.

  14. Remote sensing for detection of cotton aphid- (Homoptera : Aphididae) and spider mite- (Acari : Tetranychidae) infested cotton in the San Joaquin Valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reisig, D; Godfrey, L

    2006-01-01

    using multispectral remote sensing. Proc. Beltwide Cottonusing multispectral remote sensing. Proc. Beltwide CottonRichards, J.A. 1993. Remote sensing digital image analysis.

  15. Remote optical turbulence sensing: present Andrei Tokovinin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokovinin, Andrei A.

    . model Detector Data products Rytov approx. Biases Amplitude U(x,y, ,t) Figure 1: Remote optical the turbulent volume. Bright stars (one, two, or several) are most convenient ROTS sources available at no cost of these solar-system bodies pre-selects the light path (a ROTS can only work when the source is visible

  16. Post-fire hydrologic behavior and recovery: Advancing spatial and temporal prediction with an emphasis on remote sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinoshita, Alicia

    2012-01-01

    Engineering and Remote Sensing, Vol. 70, no 7, July 2004,burning with the use of remote sensing and GIS. Catena, 70:regeneration after fire by remote sensing. In: Traboud, L. (

  17. Protogrammetry and Remote sensing Semester Project. DSM to DTM generation -1 -5/29/2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giger, Christine

    Protogrammetry and Remote sensing Semester Project. DSM to DTM generation - 1 - 5 of Technology Zurich #12;Protogrammetry and Remote sensing Semester Project. DSM to DTM generation - 2 - 5.............................................................................................13 3 GENERATION OF DSM WITH IMAGE MATCHING

  18. SpecNet Revisited: Bridging Flux and Remote Sensing Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coburn, Craig

    as a Working Group in 2003 with the goals of integrating remote sensing with biosphere-atmosphere carbon flux-effective technologies, improving the light-use efficiency model of carbon dioxide flux, consideration of view gases in addition to carbon dioxide, adoption of standardized and automated field sensors and sampling

  19. PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN REMOTE SENSING OF VEGETATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    make food from light energy, carbon dioxide and water in a series of chemical reactions. Some energy is then used to join hydrogen and carbon dioxide together to form a new molecule of sugarPHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN REMOTE SENSING OF VEGETATION ER = EI - (EA + ET) #12;What

  20. TECHNICAL PAPER Multispecies remote sensing measurements of vehicle emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    TECHNICAL PAPER Multispecies remote sensing measurements of vehicle emissions on Sherman Way in Van emissions from nearly 13,000 vehicles on Sherman Way (0.4 miles west of the tunnel) in Van Nuys, California emissions are increasingly dominated by a few gross emitters, with more than a third of the total emissions

  1. Factors affecting the remotely sensed response of coniferous forest plantations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Danson, F.M. ); Curran, P.J. )

    1993-01-01

    Remote sensing of forest biophysical properties has concentrated upon forest sites with a wide range of green vegetation amount and thereby leaf area index and canopy cover. However, coniferous forest plantations, an important forest type in Europe, are managed to maintain a large amount of green vegetation with little spatial variation. Therefore, the strength of the remotely sensed signal will, it is hypothesized, be determined more by the structure of this forest than by its cover. Airborne Thematic Mapper (ATM) and SPOT-1 HRV data were used to determine the effects of this structural variation on the remotely sensed response of a coniferous forest plantation in the United Kingdom. Red and near infrared radiance were strongly and negatively correlated with a range of structural properties and with the age of the stands but weakly correlated with canopy cover. A composite variable, related to the volume of the canopy, accounted for over 75% of the variation in near infrared radiance. A simple model that related forest structural variables to the remotely sensed response was used to understand and explain this response from a coniferous forest plantation.

  2. 982 November 2013 PHOTOGRAMMETRIC ENGINEERING & REMOTE SENSING Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amelung, Falk

    characterization using satellite-based Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR), which measures ground generally preceded by long-term slow motion. Opening the Way to Systematic Global- Scale Ground DeformationCharac Geolog a Globa Spaceb 982 November 2013 PHOTOGRAMMETRIC ENGINEERING & REMOTE SENSING #12

  3. Remote Sensing of Natural Areas: Procedures and Considerations for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be used for detecting vegetation stress and pollution. Remote sensing can be used for more far-rang- ing, land development, and erosion in natural areas. As with stress detection and pollution, the data to the sensor. A brightness value of 0 means that sensor recorded no light from an area, or that light levels

  4. Hydrogen Concentrations on C-class Asteroids from Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, John Keith

    Hydrogen Concentrations on C-class Asteroids from Remote Sensing A. S. Rivkin 1;#3; , J. K. Davies and Zolensky (1994) and Sato et al. (1997), we have determined the hydrogen:silicon ra- tio for these asteroids and calculated their equivalent water con- tents, assuming all the hydrogen was in water. The asteroids split

  5. Offshore wind profile measurements from remote sensing instruments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Offshore wind profile measurements from remote sensing instruments Ioannis Antoniou (1) , Hans E) have been mounted on top of a transformer platform situated offshore close to the Nysted wind farm offshore wind energy potential depends greatly on the ability to make offshore windfarms economically

  6. Ecological applications of remote sensing data in neotropical rainforests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pape?, Monica

    2009-04-24

    USA, 102, 8245-8250 Tucker, C.J. (1979). Red and photographic infrared linear combinations for monitoring vegetation. Remote Sensing of Environment, 8, 127-150 Ullah, M.I., Amarnath, G., Murthy, M.S.R., & Peterson, A.T. (2007). Mapping...

  7. REFERENCE: Introduction to Remote Sensing. James B.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    sensing techniques. The first multispectral photography done from space was on the famous 1968 Apollo 9 understanding of crops, minerals, soils, urban growth, and many other Earth features and processes. The name energy emanating from the object of interest. #12;0.03 300 400 700 Gamma Ray X-Ray UV Visible 106 (1 mm

  8. APPLICATION OF REMOTE SENSING AND GIS FOR GEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION AND GROUNDWATER POTENTIAL ZONE IDENTIFICATION,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mege, Daniel

    APPLICATION OF REMOTE SENSING AND GIS FOR GEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION AND GROUNDWATER POTENTIAL ZONE FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE IN GIS AND REMOTE SENSING BY TEWODROS RANGO GODEBO JULY 2005 #12;INTRODUCTION been done with the absence of the application of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS

  9. Foreword to the Special Issue on Pattern Recognition in Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aksoy, Selim

    1 Foreword to the Special Issue on Pattern Recognition in Remote Sensing The constant increase in the amount of remotely sensed images as well as the urgent need for the extraction of useful information from techniques to unsolved problems in remote sensing image analysis that cannot be handled by using traditional

  10. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 6,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 6, January 2007 Gary A 80208 June 2007 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 6 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver conducted a three-day remote sensing study in the Denver, CO area

  11. Special Section Guest Editorial: High-Performance Computing in Applied Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plaza, Antonio J.

    Special Section Guest Editorial: High-Performance Computing in Applied Remote Sensing Bormin Huanga-performance computing in applied remote sensing presents the state-of-the-art research in incorporating high-performance computing (HPC) facilities and algorithms for effective and efficient remote sensing applications

  12. Texas A&M University Dept. of Forest Science Course title Advanced Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Texas A&M University Dept. of Forest Science Course title Advanced Remote Sensing Course number of this course is twofold: to introduce students with a basic knowledge of remote sensing to advanced topics in digital remote sensing applications and to instill enthusiasm in this subject area to encourage future

  13. Near-coastal surface water velocity field estimation using airborne remote sensing11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Near-coastal surface water velocity field estimation using airborne remote sensing11 Tim J Malthus1. With airborne remote sensing, however, it is possible to determine synoptic changes in velocity fields because properties of successive remotely sensed images may be used to estimate velocity vectors associated

  14. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the LaBrea Area: Year 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the LaBrea Area: Year 2 Mitchell J. Williams 140 Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the LaBrea Area: Year 2 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver conducted a five-day remote sensing

  15. Remote-sensing reflectance determinations in the coastal ocean environment: impact of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel, David A.

    Remote-sensing reflectance determinations in the coastal ocean environment: impact of instrumental the potential impact of instrumental characteristics and environmental variability on shipboard remote-sensing above the sea surface by 8­18%, and remote-sensing reflectance by 12­24%. Variations in radio- metric

  16. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 5,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 5, September 2002 Gary A five years of a multi-year remote sensing study in the Chicago area, with measurements made as to the extent I/M programs and #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Chicago Area: Year 5 2 special fuels contribute

  17. Remote sensing approaches for reconstructing fire perimeters and burn severity mosaics in desert spring ecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weisberg, Peter J.

    Remote sensing approaches for reconstructing fire perimeters and burn severity mosaics in desert. Remote sensing methods have been used in other environments to gain information about fires that have reported sizes of less than one hectare. Additional refinement of remote sensing methods is necessary

  18. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 3 Sajal S. Pokharel, Gary Alpharetta, Georgia 30022-8246 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Chicago Area: Year 3 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver has completed the first three years of a five-year remote sensing

  19. Remote sensing of seasonal stratification dynamics in the southern Irish Sea Claire Neil a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polton, Jeff

    Remote sensing of seasonal stratification dynamics in the southern Irish Sea Claire Neil a , Alex Sea mixing Tidal front Optical remote sensing In early summer, a well-defined front forms resolution achievable by remote sensing in a single year was limited by the high incidence of cloud cover

  20. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 6,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 6, September 2004 Gary A, Suite 140 Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-9 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Chicago Area-year remote sensing study in the Chicago area, with measurements made in September of 1997 through 2000, 2002

  1. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 1 Peter J. Popp, Gary A, Georgia 30346 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Chicago Area: Year 1 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver conducted a five-day remote sensing study in the Chicago area in the fall

  2. Modeling of remote sensing of thin current sheet M. Wilber,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Modeling of remote sensing of thin current sheet E. Lee,1 M. Wilber,1 G. K. Parks,1 K. W. Min,2-gyrotropic distributions come from remote sensing of a thin current sheet by spacecrafts outside the current sheet. We remote sensing of a thin current sheet. These non- gyrotropic distributions can yield large velocity

  3. GPU-BASED FRAMEWORK FOR DISTRIBUTED INTERACTIVE 3D VISUALIZATION OF MULTIMODAL REMOTE SENSING DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanz, Volker

    GPU-BASED FRAMEWORK FOR DISTRIBUTED INTERACTIVE 3D VISUALIZATION OF MULTIMODAL REMOTE SENSING DATA,kolb}@fb12.uni-siegen.de ABSTRACT Interactive visualization of remote sensing data allows the user to explore. In this paper, we present a 3D visualization framework for interactive exploration of remote sensing data. Data

  4. REMOTELY SENSING STRESS IN STREET TREES USING HIGH SPATIAL RESOLUTION DATA*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    REMOTELY SENSING STRESS IN STREET TREES USING HIGH SPATIAL RESOLUTION DATA* Tim J Malthus1 the potential of remote sensing technologies as a cost- effective tool for deriving rapid, large scale information for remote sensing of stress in street trees. Scale continues to be a significant barrier

  5. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Los Angeles Area: Year 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Los Angeles Area: Year 2 Sajal S. Pokharel Alpharetta, GA. 30022 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Los Angeles Area: Year 2 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver conducted the second year of a five year remote sensing study

  6. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 2 Sajal S. Pokharel, Gary A Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 CRC Project No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Denver Area: Year 2 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver has completed the second year of a five-year remote sensing study

  7. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Los Angeles Area: Year 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Los Angeles Area: Year 3 (Riverside) Sajal S., Suite 140 Alpharetta, GA. 30022 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Los Angeles Area sensing study in the Los Angeles, CA area. The remote sensor used in this study is capable of measuring

  8. Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS -FS 2013 The aims of this course are threefold

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giger, Christine

    Programme Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS - FS 2013 Aims The aims of this course are threefold of satellite remote sensing, often in relation to GIS, in different disciplines with invited speakers from about what is happening with satellite remote sensing in Switzerland and how it works in professional

  9. EE G6903: Remote Sensing Spring Class Hours: Wednesdays 2:00 4:45

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolberg, George

    EE G6903: Remote Sensing ­ Spring Class Hours: Wednesdays 2:00 ­ 4:45 William B. Rossow transfer to remote sensing measurements of Earth's atmosphere and land-ocean surfaces, and describe practical methods for advanced analysis of satellite remote sensing data. Learning Goals: To understand

  10. Remote sensing of breaking wave phase speeds with application to non-linear depth inversions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, Merrick

    Remote sensing of breaking wave phase speeds with application to non-linear depth inversions high-resolution remote sensing video and surface elevation records from fixed, in-situ wave gages. Wave phase speeds are extracted from the remote sensing data using a feature tracking technique, and local

  11. REMOTE SENSING AND GIS APPLICATIONS FOR MAPPING AND SPATIAL MODELLING OF INVASIVE SPECIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    REMOTE SENSING AND GIS APPLICATIONS FOR MAPPING AND SPATIAL MODELLING OF INVASIVE SPECIES Chudamani and remote sensing, Mapping techniques, Canopy cover classification ABSTRACT: Biological invasions form invaders. It has long been recognized that remote sensing (RS) and geographical information system (GIS

  12. Applying Remote Sensing to Paleontology Studies in the State of Arizona, USA. Alberto Jimnez1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    Applying Remote Sensing to Paleontology Studies in the State of Arizona, USA. Alberto Jiménez1 1 of remote sensing in the last decade have proven to be quite essential in its widespread use in geology: Remote sensing, paleontology, prospecting, Arizona, Landsat, ETM+ INTRODUCTION Improvements

  13. Satellite remote sensing of surface air quality Randall V. Martin a,b,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Randall

    Review Satellite remote sensing of surface air quality Randall V. Martin a,b,* a Department 2007 Received in revised form 26 June 2008 Accepted 2 July 2008 Keywords: Remote sensing Air quality Satellite Pollution Emissions a b s t r a c t Satellite remote sensing of air quality has evolved

  14. REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUES FOR LAND USE CLASSIFICATION OF RIO JAUCA WATERSHED USING IKONOS IMAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUES FOR LAND USE CLASSIFICATION OF RIO JAUCA WATERSHED USING IKONOS IMAGES-Mayagüez E-mail: edwinmm80@yahoo.com Key words: GIS, remote sensing, land use, supervised classification resource and supplies water to the metropolitan area. Remote sensing techniques can be used to assess

  15. Remote sensing image segmentation by active queries Devis Tuia a,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camps-Valls, Gustavo

    Remote sensing image segmentation by active queries Devis Tuia a,n , Jordi Mun~oz-Mari´ b , Gustavo Multiscale image segmentation Remote sensing Hyperspectral imagery Multispectral imagery a b s t r a c- istics in a compact way. For remote sensing image segmentation, the selected samples are the most

  16. MEXUS-Gulf Remote Sensing and Technology Research 1977-84

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MEXUS-Gulf Remote Sensing and Technology Research 1977-84 ANDREW J. KEMMERER, THOMAS D. LEMING, and WALTER F. GANDY Introduction The Remote Sensing Working Group of MEXUS-Gulf was organized because of an interest in remote sensing shared by the fisheries organizations of Mex ico and the United States

  17. Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS -FS 2011 The aims of this course are threefold

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giger, Christine

    Programme Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS - FS 2011 Aims The aims of this course are threefold of satellite remote sensing, often in relation to GIS, in different disciplines with invited speakers from about what is happening with satellite remote sensing in Switzerland and how it works in professional

  18. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 3 Sajal S. Pokharel, Gary A Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 CRC Project No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Denver Area: Year 3 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver has completed the third year of a multi-year remote sensing study

  19. High resolution remote sensing observations for missions to the Jovian system: Io as a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    High resolution remote sensing observations for missions to the Jovian system: Io as a case study Keywords: Io Remote sensing Instruments a b s t r a c t We present modeled images of Io at a variety objectives that could be achieved from missions engaged in long range remote-sensing of Io during

  20. On-Road Remote Sensing of Vehicle Exhaust Emissions in Auckland, New Zealand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Vehicle Exhaust Emissions in Auckland, New Zealand S. Xie, J. G. Bluett Zealand's vehicle fleet. The remote sensing campaign was implemented to establish the emissions profile of this remote sensing campaign was to redress this knowledge gap, improve understanding of the emissions

  1. Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS -FS 2012 The aims of this course are threefold

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giger, Christine

    Programme Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS - FS 2012 Aims The aims of this course are threefold of satellite remote sensing, often in relation to GIS, in different disciplines with invited speakers from about what is happening with satellite remote sensing in Switzerland and how it works in professional

  2. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the La Brea Area: Year 3,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the La Brea Area: Year 3, October 2003 Gary A, Suite 140 Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the La Brea Area: Year 3 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver conducted a five-day remote sensing study in the La

  3. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 4,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 4, November 2002 Gary A Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 4 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver conducted a five-day remote sensing study in the Phoenix, AZ area in the fall of 2002. The remote sensor

  4. Remote Chemical Sensing Using Quantum Cascade Lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harper, Warren W.; Strasburg, Jana D.; Aker, Pam M.; Schultz, John F.

    2004-01-20

    Research done by the IR sensors team at PNNL is focused on developing advanced spectroscopic methods for detecting signatures of nuclear, chemical, biological and explosives weapons or weapons production. The sensors we develop fall into two categories: remote sensors that can be operated at distances ranging from 150 m to 10 km, and point sensors that are used for in-situ inspection and detection. FY03 has seen an explosion in FM DIAL progress with the net result being solid confirmation that FM DIAL is a technique capable of remote chemical monitoring in a wide variety of venues. For example, FM DIAL was used to detect a small plume of hydrogen sulfide, a candidate CW agent, released in the desert environment of the Hanford 200 Area site. These experiments were conducted over a range of physical conditions including outside temperatures ranging from 70 F to 105 F and turbulence conditions ranging from quiescent to chaotic. We are now rapidly developing the information needed to design prototype FM DIAL systems that are optimized for specific applications that include scenarios such as fixed position stand-off detection and mobile UAV mounted remote monitoring. Just as an example, in FY04 we will use FM DIAL to detect both in-facility and outdoor release of enriched UF6. The rapid progress in FM DIAL research made in FY03 is attributed to several advances. First, final construction of a custom-designed trailer allowed the instrument to be housed in a mobile temperature-controlled environment. This allowed the experiment to be transported to several locations so that data could be collected under a range of physical conditions. This has led to a better understanding of a variety of experimental noise sources. With this knowledge, we have been able to implement several changes in the way the FM DIAL data is collected and processed, with the net result being a drastic improvement in our confidence of analyte concentration measurement and an improvement i n the instrument detection limit. The range of chemicals detectable by FM DIAL has also been extended. Prior to FY03 only water and nitrous oxide (N2O) had been seen. Experiments on extending the tuning range of the quantum cascade laser (QCL) currently used in the experiments demonstrate that many more species are now accessible including H2S, C2F4H2, and CH4. We additionally demonstrated that FM DIAL measurements can be made using short wave infrared (SWIR) telecommunications lasers. While measurements made using these components are noisier because turbulence and particulate matter cause more interference in this spectral region, monitoring in this region enables larger species to be detected simply because these lasers have a greater tuning range. In addition, SWIR monitoring also allows for the detection of second-row hydride species such as HF and HCl, which are important nuclear and CWA proliferation signatures.

  5. Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 343-361; doi:10.3390/rs3020343 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    .mdpi.com/journal/remotesensing Article The HelioClim Project: Surface Solar Irradiance Data for Climate Applications Philippe Blanc; solar irradiance; solar exposure; climate; Africa; Europe; Atlantic Ocean; remote sensing; long Abstract: Meteosat satellite images are processed to yield values of the incoming surface solar irradiance

  6. Environmental monitoring: civilian applications of remote sensing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bolton, W.; Lapp, M.; Vitko, J. Jr.; Phipps, G.

    1996-11-01

    This report documents the results of a Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program to explore how best to utilize Sandia`s defense-related sensing expertise to meet the Department of Energy`s (DOE) ever-growing needs for environmental monitoring. In particular, we focused on two pressing DOE environmental needs: (1) reducing the uncertainties in global warming predictions, and (2) characterizing atmospheric effluents from a variety of sources. During the course of the study we formulated a concept for using unmanned aerospace vehicles (UAVs) for making key 0798 climate measurements; designed a highly accurate, compact, cloud radiometer to be flown on those UAVs; and established the feasibility of differential absorption Lidar (DIAL) to measure atmospheric effluents from waste sites, manufacturing processes, and potential treaty violations. These concepts have had major impact since first being formulated in this ,study. The DOE has adopted, and DoD`s Strategic Environmental Research Program has funded, much of the UAV work. And the ultraviolet DIAL techniques have already fed into a major DOE non- proliferation program.

  7. Category:Remote Sensing Techniques | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR Jump to:RAPID Roadmap Contact PropertiesCategoryRelictRemote

  8. Terrestrial Remotely Sensed Imagery in Support of Public Health: New Avenues of Research Using Object-Based Image Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Maggi

    2011-01-01

    data and Geographical Information Systems. ParassitologiaRemote sensing, geographical information system and spatial

  9. Remote sensing of the solar site of interchange reconnection associated with the May 1997 magnetic cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Remote sensing of the solar site of interchange reconnection associated with the May 1997 magnetic configuration at the source. Citation: Crooker, N. U., and D. F. Webb (2006), Remote sensing of the solar site be determined remotely from the direction of suprat

  10. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Los Angeles Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Los Angeles Area: Year 1 Gary A. Bishop a nine-day remote sensing study in the Los Angeles, CA area in the summer of 1999. The remote sensor used in this study exhibit a gamma distribution, with the dirtiest 10% of the fleet responsible for 70%, 53%, and 51

  11. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 2 Sajal S. Pokharel, Gary in the Phoenix Area: Year 2 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver conducted a five-day remote sensing study in the Phoenix, AZ area in the fall of 1999. The remote sensor used in this study is capable

  12. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 5,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 5, November 2004 Gary A Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 5 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver conducted a five-day remote sensing study in the Phoenix, AZ area in the fall of 2004. The remote sensor used in this study

  13. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 3 Sajal S. Pokharel, Gary in the Phoenix Area: Year 3 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver conducted a five-day remote sensing study in the Phoenix, AZ area in the fall of 2000. The remote sensor used in this study is capable

  14. Structural investigations at the Coso geothermal area using remote...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    investigations at the Coso geothermal area using remote sensing information, Inyo County, California Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal...

  15. Integration of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems: Report of the Specialist Meeting (91-16)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Frank; Estes, John E.; Star, Jeff

    1991-01-01

    remote sensing and geographic information system technology:M. , 1985. Geographic information systems in undergraduateof Error in Geographic Information Systems. Phorogrammerric

  16. Remote sensing of groundwater storage changes in Illinois using the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeh, Pat J.-F.; Swenson, S. C; Famiglietti, J. S; Rodell, M.

    2006-01-01

    based monitoring of groundwater storage changes using GRACE:2006 Remote sensing of groundwater storage changes in2006. [ 1 ] Regional groundwater storage changes in Illinois

  17. Laser remote sensing of backscattered light from a target sample

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM); Williams, John D. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2008-02-26

    A laser remote sensing apparatus comprises a laser to provide collimated excitation light at a wavelength; a sensing optic, comprising at least one optical element having a front receiving surface to focus the received excitation light onto a back surface comprising a target sample and wherein the target sample emits a return light signal that is recollimated by the front receiving surface; a telescope for collecting the recollimated return light signal from the sensing optic; and a detector for detecting and spectrally resolving the return light signal. The back surface further can comprise a substrate that absorbs the target sample from an environment. For example the substrate can be a SERS substrate comprising a roughened metal surface. The return light signal can be a surface-enhanced Raman signal or laser-induced fluorescence signal. For fluorescence applications, the return signal can be enhanced by about 10.sup.5, solely due to recollimation of the fluorescence return signal. For SERS applications, the return signal can be enhanced by 10.sup.9 or more, due both to recollimation and to structuring of the SERS substrate so that the incident laser and Raman scattered fields are in resonance with the surface plasmons of the SERS substrate.

  18. Spatial Contextual Noise Removal for Post Classification Smoothing of Remotely Sensed Images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Kang

    context. The strategy is demonstrated through the classification of a benchmark digital aerial photographSpatial Contextual Noise Removal for Post Classification Smoothing of Remotely Sensed Images Yu information in remote sensing imagery and the limited classification ability based on spectral analysis

  19. Classification of remotely sensed imagery using stochastic gradient boosting as a refinement of classification tree analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    trees) are increasingly being used for analysis and classification of remotely sensed digital imageryClassification of remotely sensed imagery using stochastic gradient boosting as a refinement of classification tree analysis Rick Lawrencea,*, Andrew Bunna , Scott Powellb , Michael Zambona a Department

  20. 3 July 2003 HIRES3D -ITC Research Seminar -Robert Hack 1 HIGH RESOLUTION REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hack, Robert

    3 July 2003 HIRES3D - ITC Research Seminar - Robert Hack 1 HIRES3D HIGH RESOLUTION REMOTE SENSING FOR 3D GROUND MODELING AND CLASSIFICATION ITC Research Seminar, 3 July 2003 Robert Hack International Seminar - Robert Hack 2 HIRES3D HIGH RESOLUTION REMOTE SENSING FOR 3D GROUND MODELING AND CLASSIFICATION

  1. Nanotechnology-Based Trusted Remote Sensing James B. Wendt and Miodrag Potkonjak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potkonjak, Miodrag

    Nanotechnology-Based Trusted Remote Sensing James B. Wendt and Miodrag Potkonjak Computer Science nanotechnology PPUF-based architecture for trusted remote sensing. Current public physical unclonable function the authentication process. Our novel nanotechnology- based architecture ensures fast authentication through partial

  2. Analysis of Remote Sensing Data for Development of I/M Program Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    of a non-dispersive infrared (IR) component for detecting carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide (CO2Analysis of Remote Sensing Data for Development of I/M Program Evaluation Protocols Sajal S 48105 Order number: 9A-0633-NAEX #12;Analysis of Remote Sensing Data for Development of I/M Program

  3. Thursday, March 16, 2006 POSTER SESSION II: MARS SPECTROSCOPY AND REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    ] Exposure of sulfates to a low pressure (0.01 Torr) carbon dioxide-rich atmosphere, and intense UVThursday, March 16, 2006 POSTER SESSION II: MARS SPECTROSCOPY AND REMOTE SENSING 7:00 p.m. Fitness of Mars [#1885] Currently, the same infrared remote sensing data sets are interpreted as pointing both

  4. Remote sensing of Greenland ice sheet using multispectral near-infrared and visible radiances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dozier, Jeff

    .1029/2007JD008742. 1. Introduction [2] The present atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide is about 380Remote sensing of Greenland ice sheet using multispectral near-infrared and visible radiances Petr remote-sensing algorithm that utilizes reflected visible and near-infrared radiation to discriminate

  5. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in west Los Angeles: Year 4,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    (or completely) converting engine-out CO, HC and NO emissions to carbon dioxide (CO2), waterOn-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in west Los Angeles: Year 4, October 2005 Gary A Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-9 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in west Los Angeles: Year 4 1

  6. Remote Sensing of Life: Polarimetric Signatures of Photosynthetic Pigments as Sensitive Biomarkers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdyugina, Svetlana

    of organic compounds by reducing carbon from carbon dioxide directly or indirectly supports all life on Earth1 Remote Sensing of Life: Polarimetric Signatures of Photosynthetic Pigments as Sensitive@kis.uni-freiburg.de Running title: Remote Sensing of Life Using Polarization of Biopigments #12;2 Abstract We develop

  7. Remote Sensing of Mobile Source Air Pollutant Emissions: Variability and Uncertainty in On-Road Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, H. Christopher

    in the Hydrocarbon Emission Factor 65 6.0 REMOTE SENSING MEASUREMENTS AND ESTIMATED EMISSION FACTORS FOR SCHOOL BUSES-Road Emissions Estimates of Carbon Monoxide and Hydrocarbons for School and Transit Buses Report No. FHWY/NC/97 Transit Buses 34 4.0 SELECTION OF REMOTE SENSING MEASUREMENT SITES 36 4.1 Site Selection Strategies 36 4

  8. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 Adaptive Control of Undetected Radio Frequency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruf, Christopher

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 Adaptive Control of Undetected Radio Frequency Interference With a Spaceborne Microwave Radiometer David D. Chen, Graduate Student Member, IEEE, and Christopher S. Ruf, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--In microwave radiometric remote sensing, unde- tected radio

  9. PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH REMOTELY SENSING WIND SPEED Yulia Hristova, William Lindsey, Scott Small,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Problems Associated with Remotely Sensing Wind Speed Yulia Hristova, William Lindsey, Scott Small, DeepakPROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH REMOTELY SENSING WIND SPEED By Yulia Hristova, William Lindsey, Scott Small, Deepak Subbarayappa, Toni Tullius, and John R. Hoffman IMA Preprint Series # 2285 ( October 2009

  10. Glacier Mass Balance Reconstruction by Remote Sensing in the French Alps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabatel, Antoine

    Glacier Mass Balance Reconstruction by Remote Sensing in the French Alps : Comparison with Ground. Abstract -- The Alpine glaciers are sensitive to climate fluctuation, and glacier mass balance may be used for determining the distribution of mass balance at high spatial resolution using remote sensing and ground stakes

  11. Remote Sensing of Ammonia and Sulfur Dioxide from On-Road Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    Remote Sensing of Ammonia and Sulfur Dioxide from On-Road Light Duty Vehicles D A N I E L A . B U R by dynamometer (16), remote sensing (17), and recently by a chase vehicle (18). Results from these studies vary

  12. ON-ROAD REMOTE SENSING OF CO EMISSIONS IN THE LOS ANGELES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    #12;ON-ROAD REMOTE SENSING OF CO EMISSIONS IN THE LOS ANGELES BASIN Donald H. Stedman, Gary A. Comparison of tailpipe %CO measured by an on-board analyzer and by remote sensing. Data collected 12/8/89, 12

  13. MACHINE LEARNING IN REMOTE SENSING DATA PROCESSING Gustavo Camps-Valls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camps-Valls, Gustavo

    exploit solar radiation to capture the emergent radiation, which is acquired by an airborne or satelliteMACHINE LEARNING IN REMOTE SENSING DATA PROCESSING Gustavo Camps-Valls Image Processing Laboratory gustavo.camps@uv.es, http://www.uv.es/gcamps ABSTRACT Remote sensing data processing deals with real

  14. Title: Improving the efficiency of conservation policies with the use of surrogates derived from remotely sensed and ancillary data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    remotely sensed and ancillary data Authors: Andrés Viña1* , Xiaodong Chen2 , Wu Yang1 , Wei Liu1 , Yu Li1 surrogates derived from10 remotely sensed and ancillary data, for identifying land to be enrolled in one

  15. int. j. remote sensing, 2002, vol. 23, no. 3, 537553 EVect of spatial resolution on information content characterization in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichenbach, Stephen E.

    int. j. remote sensing, 2002, vol. 23, no. 3, 537­553 EVect of spatial resolution on information content characterization in remote sensing imagery based on classi cation accuracy R. M. NARAYANAN*, M. K) Abstract. The information content of remote sensing imagery depends upon various factors such as spatial

  16. int. j. remote sensing, 2001, vol. 22, no. 9, 17671778 Spectral and biophysical relationships of montane sagebrush

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debinski, Diane M.

    int. j. remote sensing, 2001, vol. 22, no. 9, 1767­1778 Spectral and biophysical relationships of montane sagebrush communities in multi-temporal SPOT XS data M. JAKUBAUSKAS Kansas Applied Remote Sensing/soil cover were improved slightly using the combined two-date data set. Selection of remotely sensed data

  17. Combining remote sensing and ground census data to develop new maps of the distribution of rice agriculture in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combining remote sensing and ground census data to develop new maps of the distribution of rice remote sensing products, both with strengths and weaknesses. Official cropland statistics for China total cropland areas and are generally at coarse spatial resolution. Remote sensing products can provide

  18. COMPRESSED REMOTE SENSING OF SPARSE OBJECTS ALBERT C. FANNJIANG, PENGCHONG YAN, AND THOMAS STROHMER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fannjiang, Albert

    COMPRESSED REMOTE SENSING OF SPARSE OBJECTS ALBERT C. FANNJIANG, PENGCHONG YAN, AND THOMAS STROHMER sensing. By introducing the sensor as well as target ensembles, the maximum number of recoverable targets that in many imaging applications the targets are sparse in the sense that they typically occupy a small

  19. Remote sensing for the geobotanical and biogeochemical assessment of environmental contamination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wickham, J.; Chesley, M.; Lancaster, J.; Mouat, D.

    1993-01-01

    Under Contract Number DE-AC08-90NV10845, the DOE has funded the Desert Research Institute (DRI) to examine several aspects of remote sensing, specifically with respect to how its use might help support Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (ERWM) activities at DOE sites located throughout the country. This report represents partial fulfillment of DRI`s obligations under that contract and includes a review of relevant literature associated with remote sensing studies and our evaluation and recommendation as to the applicability of various remote sensing techniques for DOE needs. With respect to DOE ERWM activities, remote sensing may be broadly defined as collecting information about a target without actually being in physical contact with the object. As the common platforms for remote sensing observations are aircraft and satellites, there exists the possibility to rapidly and efficiently collect information over DOE sites that would allow for the identification and monitoring of contamination related to present and past activities. As DOE sites cover areas ranging from tens to hundreds of square miles, remote sensing may provide an effective, efficient, and economical method in support of ERWM activities. For this review, remote sensing has been limited to methods that employ electromagnetic (EM) energy as the means of detecting and measuring target characteristics.

  20. This article has been accepted for inclusion in a future issue of this journal. Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN APPLIED EARTH OBSERVATIONS AND REMOTE SENSING 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Jenny (Qian)

    AND REMOTE SENSING 1 Foreword to the Special Issue on Pattern Recognition in Remote Sensing S PACEBORNE in the analysis of remote sensing data. The large amount of data available makes remote sensing technology in pattern recog- nition in remote sensing, the Remote Sensing and Mapping Technical Committee (TC7

  1. Optics and photonics research in the Lasers, Optics and Remote Sensing Department at Sandia National Laboratories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simmons-Potter, K.; Meister, D.C.

    1997-04-01

    Photonic system and device technologies have claimed a significant share of the current high-tech market. In particular, laser systems and optical devices impact a broad range of technological areas including telecommunications, optical computing, optical data storage, integrated photonics, remote environmental sensing and biomedical applications. Below we present an overview of photonics research being conducted within the Lasers, Optics and Remote Sensing department of the Physical and Chemical Sciences Center at Sandia National Laboratories. Recent results in the fields of photosensitive materials and devices, binary optics device applications, wavelength generation using optical parametric oscillators, and remote sensing are highlighted. 11 refs., 6 figs.

  2. GMG: A Guaranteed, Efficient Global Optimization Algorithm for Remote Sensing.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D'Helon, CD

    2004-08-18

    The monocular passive ranging (MPR) problem in remote sensing consists of identifying the precise range of an airborne target (missile, plane, etc.) from its observed radiance. This inverse problem may be set as a global optimization problem (GOP) whereby the difference between the observed and model predicted radiances is minimized over the possible ranges and atmospheric conditions. Using additional information about the error function between the predicted and observed radiances of the target, we developed GMG, a new algorithm to find the Global Minimum with a Guarantee. The new algorithm transforms the original continuous GOP into a discrete search problem, thereby guaranteeing to find the position of the global minimum in a reasonably short time. The algorithm is first applied to the golf course problem, which serves as a litmus test for its performance in the presence of both complete and degraded additional information. GMG is further assessed on a set of standard benchmark functions and then applied to various realizations of the MPR problem.

  3. An assessment of remote sensing algorithms for colored dissolved organic matter in complex freshwater environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Qian

    An assessment of remote sensing algorithms for colored dissolved organic matter in complex October 2013 Accepted 12 October 2013 Available online xxxx Keywords: CDOM Algorithm Freshwater environments Saginaw River Lake Huron This study evaluated fifteen algorithms representing four major

  4. Remote sensing estimates of supplementary water consumption by arid ecosystems of central Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

    Remote sensing estimates of supplementary water consumption by arid ecosystems of central Argentina Nacional de San Luis & CONICET, San Luis, Argentina b Bureau of Economic Geology, Jackson School Ambiental, Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas, CONICET, Mendoza, Argentina d

  5. ARTICLE IN PRESS 2 Factors affecting remotely sensed snow water equivalent uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Jeff

    equivalent uncertainty 3 Jiarui Donga,b,*, Jeffrey P. Walkerc , Paul R. Houserd 4 a Hydrological Sciences 24 April 2005 9 10 Abstract 11 State-of-the-art passive microwave remote sensing-based snow water

  6. ESTIMATION OF JUVENILE SALMON HABITAT IN PACIFIC RIM RIVERS USING MULTISCALAR REMOTE SENSING AND GEOSPATIAL ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montana, University of

    ESTIMATION OF JUVENILE SALMON HABITAT IN PACIFIC RIM RIVERS USING MULTISCALAR REMOTE SENSING) encompassing over 3 400 000 km2 and most North Pacific Rim (NPR) salmon rivers. Similar classifications were

  7. Quantification of Salt Marsh Carbon Stocks: Integration of Remote Sensing Data and Techniques with Field Measurements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulawardhana, Ranjani W

    2013-12-02

    in this study show the capability of remote sensing data for the characterization of salt marsh terrain and vegetation heights and the estimation of above-ground biomass quantities. The best biomass prediction models using lidar heights reported considerably...

  8. Foreword to the Special Issue on the 2008 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS'08)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reising, S. C.

    The 29 papers in this special issue were originally presented at the 2008 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS'08), held from July 6 to 11 in Boston, MA.

  9. Using remote-sensing data to determine equilibrium-line altitude and mass-balance time series: validation on three French glaciers,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabatel, Antoine

    Using remote-sensing data to determine equilibrium-line altitude and mass-balance time series to calculate glacier mass balance using remote-sensing data. Snowline measurements from remotely sensed images by ground measurements and remote sensing are compared and show excellent correlation (r2 > 0.89), both

  10. Remote Sensing of NO and NO2 Emissions from Heavy-Duty Diesel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jimenez, Jose-Luis

    Research Remote Sensing of NO and NO2 Emissions from Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks Using Tunable Diode to measure the NOx emissions of heavy-duty diesel trucks (HDDTs). The remote sensor could operate tightly controlled, the relative importance of heavy-duty diesel trucks (HDDTs) as a NOx source has

  11. ON-ROAD REMOTE SENSING OF VEHICLE EMISSIONS IN MONTERREY, N.L. MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    ON-ROAD REMOTE SENSING OF VEHICLE EMISSIONS IN MONTERREY, N.L. MEXICO Final Report Prepared for the University of Denver traveled to Monterrey, N.L. Mexico to monitor remotely the carbon monoxide (CO with other cities that have been sampled in Mexico. The on-road emission averages are similar to the latest

  12. Open PhD position Fusion of high resolution remote sensing data for snow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Open PhD position Fusion of high resolution remote sensing data for snow monitoring Context Remote and are able to measure different aspects of snow cover (surface physical properties, type of snow, etc of the snow. However, this approach is still an unresolved scientific challenge. This thesis proposes

  13. IEEE Trans. on Image Processing, vol. 9, no. 2, 2000. Separating Touching Objects in Remote Sensing Imagery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    the guidelines of a restricted growing algorithm. In this paper, we apply RGC to the remote sensing domain and remotely sensed images, and describe a reverse skeletonization algorithm to guide the growth of objectIEEE Trans. on Image Processing, vol. 9, no. 2, 2000. 1 Separating Touching Objects in Remote

  14. Radio Remote Sensing of the Corona and the Solar Wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steven R. Spangler; Catherine A. Whiting

    2008-09-26

    Modern radio telescopes are extremely sensitive to plasma on the line of sight from a radio source to the antenna. Plasmas in the corona and solar wind produce measurable changes in the radio wave amplitude and phase, and the phase difference between wave fields of opposite circular polarization. Such measurements can be made of radio waves from spacecraft transmitters and extragalactic radio sources, using radio telescopes and spacecraft tracking antennas. Data have been taken at frequencies from about 80 MHz to 8000 MHz. Lower frequencies probe plasma at greater heliocentric distances. Analysis of these data yields information on the plasma density, density fluctuations, and plasma flow speeds in the corona and solar wind, and on the magnetic field in the solar corona. This paper will concentrate on the information that can be obtained from measurements of Faraday rotation through the corona and inner solar wind. The magnitude of Faraday rotation is proportional to the line of sight integral of the plasma density and the line-of-sight component of the magnetic field. Faraday rotation provides an almost unique means of estimating the magnetic field in this part of space. This technique has contributed to measurement of the large scale coronal magnetic field, the properties of electromagnetic turbulence in the corona, possible detection of electrical currents in the corona, and probing of the internal structure of coronal mass ejections (CMEs). This paper concentrates on the search for small-scale coronal turbulence and remote sensing of the structure of CMEs. Future investigations with the Expanded Very Large Array (EVLA) or Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) could provide unique observational input on the astrophysics of CMEs.

  15. Geological Applications of Remote Sensing Description of the course: This course is an introduction to the theory and techniques of remote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    is an introduction to the theory and techniques of remote sensing tools with emphasis on the geosciences. It also: Fundamentals of Geological and Environmental Remote Sensing Robert K. Vincent (1997) Prentice Hall. Web Page January 26 Chapter 2-Electromagnetic Radiation January 28 Lab-Field Radiometric Measurements (Chapter 13

  16. Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Techniques For Locating Geothermal Resources |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy Resources JumpNewTexas:Hydrothermally Deposited Rock JumpEnergyLake

  17. Application Of Remote Sensing To Geothermal Prospecting | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminex A S Jump to:Angola onAperionCommission |DispersionOf|Mt

  18. Active and Passive Remote Sensing Diagram | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolar Energy LLC Jump to:Izu-Oshima Volcano, Central Japan |and

  19. An Integrated Mapping And Remote Sensing Investigation Of The Structural

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminex A S Jump to: navigation,In The

  20. REMOTE SENSING OF SAGEBRUSH COMMUNITY STRUCTURAL PATTERNS ACROSS SCALES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsey, R. Douglas

    projects is often limited. This research evaluated the ability of a suite of airborne and satellite imagery infrared (CIR) aerial photography, panchromatic, and multi-spectral satellite imagery, including data from rangeland managers, wildlife biologists, or other remote sensors, specifically when decisions related

  1. Applications of Remote Sensing to Study Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    of the moon surface in order to make lunar maps. · Apollo 8 took the first photos of the Earth from space. #12 data provided a better understanding of our planet, including land used and land cover, urban by current remote sensors is the electromagnetic energy emanating from the object of interest

  2. ydrocarbon detector for the remote sensing of vehicle exhaust emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    1994) A new remote sensor for measuring on-road carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and hydrocarbon the capability for measuring exhaust hydrocarbons and eliminates the need for liquid-nitrogen-cooled detectors important to the measurement of exhaust hydrocarbons are reported. The water vapor present in all auto

  3. Open Access Data in Polar and Cryospheric Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, Allen; Rees, W. Gareth; Fox, Adrian J.; Fleming, Andrew

    2014-07-01

    , access, sharing and use. Keywords: polar; Arctic; Antarctic; cryosphere; glaciers; permafrost; snow; sea ice; data; open access; multispectral; SAR; passive microwave; airphot; scatterometry; DEMs; software OPEN ACCESS Remote Sens. 2014, 6 6184 1... equivalent, ocean circulation, tree line migration, permafrost lake dynamics, circumpolar environmental impact assessment or penguin populations, recent research has clearly demonstrated the increasing importance of Earth observation. Nevertheless, many...

  4. Advanced Geological Remote Sensing Description of the course: This course introduces the advanced theory and techniques of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    the advanced theory and techniques of remote sensing tools with emphasis on the geosciences. It also includes. Fundamentals of Geological and Environmental Remote Sensing. Robert K. Vincent (1997) Prentice Hall. Web Page August 19: Chapter 2-Electromagnetic Radiation Principles August 21: Lab 2-Field Radiometric Measurements

  5. Glacier mass balance determination by Remote Sensing in the French Alps: Progress and limitation for time series monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabatel, Antoine

    Glacier mass balance determination by Remote Sensing in the French Alps: Progress and limitation to determine the distribution of mass balance at high spatial resolution using remote sensing and ground stakes suited in the French Alps to evaluate the accuracy of the computed mass balance. The method is based

  6. Spectrometry for urban area remote sensing--Development and analysis of a spectral library from 350 to 2400 nm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spectrometry for urban area remote sensing--Development and analysis of a spectral library from 350 spectral characteristics of urban environments using spectral library of more than 4500 individual spectra land cover types (i.e. specific roof and road types) spectral- resolution remote sensing for detailed

  7. 1936 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 38, NO. 4, JULY 2000 Electromagnetic Inversion in Monostatic Ground

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolini, Umberto

    (GPR) is a remote sensing system used to measure short-pulse electromagnetic (EM) reflections due1936 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 38, NO. 4, JULY 2000 Electromagnetic and Umberto Spagnolini, Member, IEEE Abstract--A comprehensive analysis of electromagnetic (EM) inversion

  8. International Journal of Geography and Geology, 2013, 2(1):1-13 THE REMOTE SENSING IMAGERY, NEW CHALLENGES FOR GEOLOGICAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    International Journal of Geography and Geology, 2013, 2(1):1-13 1 THE REMOTE SENSING IMAGERY, NEW CHALLENGES FOR GEOLOGICAL AND MINING MAPPING IN THE WEST AFRICAN CRATON - THE EXAMPLE OF CÔTE D'IVOIRE Gbele of the evolution on the use of remote sensing imagery for geological and mining mapping in West Africa

  9. Remote sensing of soil radionuclide fluxes in a tropical ecosystem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clegg, B.; Koranda, J.; Robinson, W.; Holladay, G.

    1980-11-06

    We are using a transponding geostationary satellite to collect surface environmental data to describe the fate of soil-borne radionuclides. The remote, former atomic testing grounds at the Eniwetok and Bikini Atolls present a difficult environment in which to collect continuous field data. Our land-based, solar-powered microprocessor and environmental data systems remotely acquire measurements of net and total solar radiation, rain, humidity, temperature, and soil-water potentials. For the past year, our water flux model predicts wet season plant transpiration rates nearly equal to the 6 to 7 mm/d evaporation pan rate, which decreases to 2 to 3 mm/d for the dry season. Radioisotopic analysis confirms the microclimate-estimated 1:3 to 1:20 soil to plant /sup 137/Cs dry matter concentration ratio. This ratio exacerbates the dose to man from intake of food plants. Nephelometer measurements of airborne particulates presently indicate a minimum respiratory radiological dose.

  10. Computer Programmer for Remote Sensing Applications The Carnegie Institution for Science is a private organization that conducts basic research for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    Computer Programmer for Remote Sensing Applications The Carnegie Institution for Science and airborne data. Qualifications Bachelor's or Master's degree in computer science, engineering, remote sensing or a related technical discipline Demonstrated proficiency in computer programming (C

  11. Interval Methods in Remote Sensing: Reliable SubDivision of Geological Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Karen

    Interval Methods in Remote Sensing: Reliable Sub­Division of Geological Areas David D. Coblentz, G. The subdivision of a geological zone into segments is often a controversial issue, with different evidence of the geological subdivision is the fact that the existing subdivision is often based on the chemical and physical

  12. An evaluation of alternate remote sensing products for forest inventory, monitoring, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lefsky, Michael

    and related attributes at a regional scale. Several sensors were evaluated, including (i) single date Landsat), a lidar sensor that di- rectly measures the height and canopy structure of forest vegetation. To evaluateAn evaluation of alternate remote sensing products for forest inventory, monitoring, and mapping

  13. Evaluation of Remote Sensing Technologies for the Identification of Oceanographic Features Critical to Pelagic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    Evaluation of Remote Sensing Technologies for the Identification of Oceanographic Features Critical on data from two satellite sensors: the altimeter aboard TOPEX/POSEIDON and SeaWiFs ocean color to examine sensors detect biological change in mid-latitude North Pacific, 1997-2000. EOS, The American Geophysical

  14. Evaluation of chlorophyll-a remote sensing algorithms for an optically complex estuary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Evaluation of chlorophyll-a remote sensing algorithms for an optically complex estuary Chengfeng Le to derive Chla based on red and near-infrared wavelengths to avoid such problems. Using in situ data sensors such as the MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, 1999­present for Terra, 2002

  15. Modeling Wildland Fire Radiance in Synthetic Remote Sensing B.S. Beijing Institute of Technology, 1996

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    efforts in phenomenology studies, algorithm development, and sensor evaluation. Synthetic scenes are also and op- tical properties of wildfire and burn area in an infrared remote sensing system will assist look like as seen by the airborne sensor. Radiance scene rendering of the 3D flame iv #12;v includes 2D

  16. A generalizable method for remote sensing of canopy nitrogen across a wide range of forest ecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Brenden

    spectroscopy, or hyperspectral remote sensing, from satellite or airborne sensors. Development of this approach's Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) and/or Hyperion instruments. The combined dataset was used to evaluate site-specific calibration results as well as results obtained with data pooled across

  17. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Phoenix Area: Year 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    80208 November 1999 Prepared for: Coordinating Research Council, Inc. 219 Perimeter Center Parkway selected for 1999. On-Road Remote Sensing in the Phoenix Area: Year 1 2 #12;INTRODUCTION Many cities Agency. Carbon monoxide (CO) levels become elevated primarily due to direct emission of the gas

  18. Journal of Environmental Management 86 (2008) 1426 Combination of multispectral remote sensing, variable rate technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Jenny (Qian)

    2008-01-01

    Journal of Environmental Management 86 (2008) 14­26 Combination of multispectral remote sensing, variable rate technology and environmental modeling for citrus pest management Qian Dua , Ni-Bin Changb for assessment of pollution prevention. An unsupervised linear unmixing method was applied to classify the image

  19. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing 63 (2008) 397398 www.elsevier.com/locate/isprsjprs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing 63 (2008) 397­398 www or groups to the ISPRS Journal, to promote and advertise the Journal, and to honour the outstanding is presented to authors of the best paper, written in English and published exclusively in the ISPRS Journal

  20. Agricultural land use dynamics in the Brazilian Amazon based on remote sensing and census data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camara, Gilberto

    that carbon dioxide (CO2) from land use change contributed to 12% (in terms of CO2 equivalents) of the totalAgricultural land use dynamics in the Brazilian Amazon based on remote sensing and census data of biodiversity, erosion, floods, lowered water tables, as well as increased release of carbon into the atmosphere

  1. Remote Sensing of In-Use Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    -road measurements in 2005 of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons, nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide, and sulfur dioxideRemote Sensing of In-Use Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks D A N I E L A . B U R G A R D , G A R Y A . B I. Carbon monoxide and nitric oxide show increasing emissions with increased altitude. Oxides of nitrogen

  2. Preliminary Studies Using Remote Sensing to Evaluate I/M Effectiveness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    monoxide, carbon dioxide (CO2), and hydrocarbons, and a dispersive ultraviolet (UV) spectrometerPreliminary Studies Using Remote Sensing to Evaluate I/M Effectiveness Sajal S. Pokharel, Gary A by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Carbon monoxide (CO) levels become elevated primarily due to direct

  3. IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS 1 Effect of signal contamination in matched-filter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theiler, James

    IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS 1 Effect of signal contamination in matched of including some of the target signal in the background scene. Although the covariance is contaminated observe an order of magnitude loss in SCR for a matched filter based on the contaminated covariance. Index

  4. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 Land-Contamination Compensation for QuikSCAT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 Land-Contamination Compensation for Quik) resolutions. In near-coastal regions, land contamination of measurements results in inaccurate wind estimates using current techniques. Here, we show that identifying land-contaminated measurements allows wind

  5. A Hyperspectral Method for Remotely Sensing the Grain Size of Snow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    A Hyperspectral Method for Remotely Sensing the Grain Size of Snow Anne W. Nolin* and Jeff Dozier in the snowpack. Changes in snow grain size can help identifynique for estimating the grain size in a snowpack's surface ice sheet surface features, such as melt areas, snow dunes,layer from imaging spectrometer data

  6. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, TO APPEAR. 1 A Hybrid Conditional Random Field for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Kevin Patrick

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, TO APPEAR. 1 A Hybrid Conditional Random Field of buildings, vegetations, cars, and natural terrain features over large regions. However, in many applications generative) probabilistic model, we call it a hybrid Conditional Random Field. We show that a MAP estimate

  7. Comparing Optical and Microwave Remote Sensing-based Vegetation Density over Mongolia for 1988-2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    Comparing Optical and Microwave Remote Sensing-based Vegetation Density over Mongolia for 1988 and microwave sensors are expected to provide complementary vegetation information. Here we compared NDVI from-annual variations. However, the long term changes reflected by them are divergent. Microwave based VOD shows

  8. WIND ENERGY STUDIES OFFSHORE USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING MERETE BRUUN CHRISTIANSEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 WIND ENERGY STUDIES OFFSHORE USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING MERETE BRUUN CHRISTIANSEN Wind Energy Dept., Risø National Laboratory Denmark Abstract The wind provides a rich energy source, which can be exploited further in order to reach the energy goals of accessibility, availability and acceptability set up

  9. Diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance: An evaluation of remote sensing methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Zhongping

    Diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance: An evaluation of remote sensing methods February 2005. [1] The propagation of downwelling irradiance at wavelength l from surface to a depth (z in situ measurements of the vertical profiles of downwelling irradiance. The comparisons show that the two

  10. Earth'sFuture Remote sensing of fugitive methane emissions from oil and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickerson, Russell R.

    Earth'sFuture Remote sensing of fugitive methane emissions from oil and gas production in North and tight oil reservoirs to exploit formerly inaccessible or unprofitable energy resources in rock and oil provide an opportunity to achieve energy self-sufficiency and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions

  11. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 A Simplified Formulation for Rough Surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEEEProof IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 A Simplified Formulation for Rough paper. To download the IEEE Taxonomy, go to http://www.30 ieee.org/documents/taxonomy_v101.pdf.31 I, OH 43210 USA. Color versions of one or more of the figures in this paper are available online at http://ieeexplore.ieee

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 36, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 1998 1655 Forward Electromagnetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golden, Kenneth M.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 36, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 1998 1655 Forward Electromagnetic Scattering Models for Sea Ice K. M. Golden, M. Cheney, Kung-Hau Ding, A. K. Fung, Fellow, IEEE, Thomas C. Grenfell, Associate Member, IEEE, D. Isaacson, Jin Au Kong, Fellow, IEEE, Son V. Nghiem, Member

  13. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2002 1 Atmospheric Correction of Landsat ETM+ Land

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Shunlin

    IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2002 1 Atmospheric Correction of Landsat ETM+ Land Surface Imagery: II. Validation and Applications Shunlin Liang, Senior member, IEEE, Hongliang Fang, Jeffrey T. Morisette, member, IEEE, Mingzhen Chen, Chad J. Shuey, Charles L. Walthall, member

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 36, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 1998 1675 Inverse Electromagnetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golden, Kenneth M.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 36, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 1998 1675 Inverse Electromagnetic Scattering Models for Sea Ice K. M. Golden, D. Borup, Member, IEEE, M. Cheney, E. Cherkaeva, M. S. Dawson, Member, IEEE, Kung-Hau Ding, A. K. Fung, Fellow, IEEE, D. Isaacson, Member, IEEE, S. A. Johnson

  15. On the study of wind energy at great heights using remote sensing techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On the study of wind energy at great heights using remote sensing techniques Alfredo Pe~na1 for a wind assessment campaign on the transformer/platform of Horns Rev, the world's largest offshore wind masts surrounding the wind farm. LiDAR and SoDAR observations of mean wind speed agree for the first

  16. Energy analysis of substorms based on remote sensing techniques, solar wind measurements, and geomagnetic indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ã?stgaard, Nikolai

    Energy analysis of substorms based on remote sensing techniques, solar wind measurements to balance the energy budget. We find that a viscous interaction that transfers 0.17% of the solar wind, is sufficient to balance the total energy dissipation UT. INDEX TERMS: 2784 Magnetospheric Physics: Solar wind

  17. Satellite remote sensing for an ecosystem approach to fisheries E. Chassot1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of information for ecosystem modelling, a key tool for implementing an ecosystem approach to fisheries managementSatellite remote sensing for an ecosystem approach to fisheries management E. Chassot1 *, S and it is a promising tool for conservation issues. In the context of an ecosystem approach to fisheries management

  18. Remote sensing of surface pressure on Mars with the Mars Express/OMEGA spectrometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spiga, Aymeric

    - surement of surface pressure from orbit, as is done for temperature or water vapor [Smith, 2006]. [4Remote sensing of surface pressure on Mars with the Mars Express/OMEGA spectrometer: 2 November 2006; revised 6 July 2007; accepted 7 August 2007; published 30 August 2007. [1] Surface pressure

  19. Sea surface exchanges of momentum, heat, and freshwater determined by satellite remote sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Lisan

    1 Sea surface exchanges of momentum, heat, and freshwater determined by satellite remote sensing Sensible heat flux Shortwave radiation Surface wind fields 2 #12;Sea surface exchanges of momentum, heat and the atmosphere communicate through the interfacial exchanges of heat, freshwater, and momentum. While

  20. Comparative Studies on Feature Extraction Methods for Multispectral Remote Sensing Image Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyu, Michael R.

    Comparative Studies on Feature Extraction Methods for Multispectral Remote Sensing Image, it is necessary to study methods regarding how to extract the main features of the image effectively to extract the most available features. These methods include the Euclid distance measurement (EDM

  1. WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ESTIMATION IN PUERTO RICO USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ESTIMATION IN PUERTO RICO USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING Eric. W Management of water resources relies on estimates of the hydrologic water balance within defined and/or similar land use. Components of the water balance include precipitation, actual

  2. Remote Sensing Reviews, 1993, Vol. 8, pp. 245-253 Photocopying permitted by license only

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fossum, Eric R.

    Remote Sensing Reviews, 1993, Vol. 8, pp. 245-253 Photocopying permitted by license only @ 1993 a measurement of the energy deposition is derived from the opposite side. The advantage of this approach is that both good position resolution and excellent energy resolution can be achieved while at the same time

  3. Statistical evaluation of remotely sensed snow-cover products with constraints from streamflow and SNOTEL measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at San Antonio, University of

    Statistical evaluation of remotely sensed snow-cover products with constraints from streamflow and SNOTEL measurements Xiaobing Zhoua,*, Hongjie Xieb , Jan M.H. Hendrickxa a Department of Earth; accepted 26 October 2004 Abstract Using streamflow and Snowpack Telemetry (SNOTEL) measurements

  4. Quantitative Comparison of Measured Plasma Sheet Electron Energy Flux and Remotely Sensed Auroral Electron Energy Flux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fillingim, Matthew

    Electron Energy Flux M. O. Fillingim1, (matt@ess.washington.edu), G. K. Parks2, D. Chua1, G. A. Germany3, R intensity ~ precipitating electron energy flux Peak energy flux "near" WIND fQuantitative Comparison of Measured Plasma Sheet Electron Energy Flux and Remotely Sensed Auroral

  5. Airborne thermal remote sensing for water temperature assessment in rivers and streams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    ). Stream temperature monitoring presents challenges for water resource managers charged with the taskAirborne thermal remote sensing for water temperature assessment in rivers and streams Christian E are needed to assess spatial patterns of stream temperature at scales relevant to issues in water quality

  6. The Energy Source Remote sensing requires information to be transmitted from one place to another.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Small, Christopher

    the reflectance and emittance of the target material at specific shorter l using the sun and the earth as energyThe Energy Source Remote sensing requires information to be transmitted from one place to another. A source of energy is required to carry the information. ElectroMagnetic energy EM energy can be described

  7. CARBON SEQUESTRATION FROM REMOTELY-SENSED NDVI AND NET ECOSYSTEM EXCHANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt Jr., E. Raymond

    Chapter 8 CARBON SEQUESTRATION FROM REMOTELY- SENSED NDVI AND NET ECOSYSTEM EXCHANGE E. Raymond sampling to determine areas of carbon sequestration. With large areas of the globe covered by rangelands, the potential for carbon sequestration may be significant. R. S. Muttiah (ed.), From Laboratory Spectroscopy

  8. Hydrological consistency using multi-sensor remote sensing data for water and energy cycle studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Ming

    Hydrological consistency using multi-sensor remote sensing data for water and energy cycle studies-sensor/multi-platform approach to water and energy cycle prediction is demonstrated in an effort to understand the variability to an improved understanding of water and energy cycles within the NAME region and providing a novel framework

  9. Estimating biomass on CRP pastureland: A comparison of remote sensing techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    Estimating biomass on CRP pastureland: A comparison of remote sensing techniques Tucker F. Porter Accepted 31 January 2014 Available online 21 February 2014 Keywords: Biomass estimation model NDVI Bandwise regression Crop circle sensor Landsat imagery a b s t r a c t Biomass from land enrolled in the Conservation

  10. Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 1. Forward modeling and remote sensing applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 1. Forward modeling and remote sensing broadening and drizzle growth in shallow liquid clouds remain not well understood. Detailed, cloudscale. Profiling, millimeterwavelength (cloud) radars can provide such observations. In particular, the first three

  11. Remote Sensing For Geothermal Exploration Over Buffalo Valley, Nv | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-b <Refurbished Projects WindEnergyWestern UsAs Aas

  12. Remote Sensing- Principles And Interpretation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-b <Refurbished Projects WindEnergyWestern

  13. Structural investigations at the Coso geothermal area using remote sensing

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS ReportEurope GmbHSoloPageBeforeCreek WindInsulated

  14. IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. 4, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2007 649 A Weak-Constraint-Based Data Assimilation Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Shunlin

    IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. 4, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2007 649 A Weak way to achieve this goal of mapping fluxes on a regional scale is to use remote sensing techniques. Empirical methods directly build on the relationship between remote sensing products, such as various

  15. int. j. remote sensing, 2001, vol. 22, no. 18, 39013906 Estimation of velocity elds at the estuary--coastal interface through

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    int. j. remote sensing, 2001, vol. 22, no. 18, 3901­3906 Estimation of velocity elds at the estuary--coastal interface through statistical analysis of successive airborne remotely sensed images R. D. HEDGER* and T. J is intrinsically diYcult because they are highly variable in time and space. With airborne remote sensing, however

  16. Radar Remote Sensing Estimates of Waves and Wave Forcing at a Tidal Inlet GUILLERMO M. DAZ MNDEZ AND MERRICK C. HALLER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, Merrick

    Radar Remote Sensing Estimates of Waves and Wave Forcing at a Tidal Inlet GUILLERMO M. DÍAZ MÉNDEZ transformation through a tidal inlet is investigated with radar remote sensing. The frequency of wave breaking-wave conditions, in good agreement (R 5 0.95) with observations. 1. Introduction Remote sensing technology offers

  17. Assimilation of Remote-sensing Soil Moisture in Short-term River Forecasting M. Pan1, E. F. Wood1, W. Crow2, J. Schaake3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Ming

    Assimilation of Remote-sensing Soil Moisture in Short-term River Forecasting M. Pan1, E. F. Wood1 Hydrology and Remote Sensing Lab, US Department of Agriculture 3 National Weather Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 1. Introduction This study focuses on evaluation of hydrologic remote sensing

  18. Cooling tower and plume modeling for satellite remote sensing applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Powers, B.J.

    1995-05-01

    It is often useful in nonproliferation studies to be able to remotely estimate the power generated by a power plant. Such information is indirectly available through an examination of the power dissipated by the plant. Power dissipation is generally accomplished either by transferring the excess heat generated into the atmosphere or into bodies of water. It is the former method with which we are exclusively concerned in this report. We discuss in this report the difficulties associated with such a task. In particular, we primarily address the remote detection of the temperature associated with the condensed water plume emitted from the cooling tower. We find that the effective emissivity of the plume is of fundamental importance for this task. Having examined the dependence of the plume emissivity in several IR bands and with varying liquid water content and droplet size distributions, we conclude that the plume emissivity, and consequently the plume brightness temperature, is dependent upon not only the liquid water content and band, but also upon the droplet size distribution. Finally, we discuss models dependent upon a detailed point-by-point description of the hydrodynamics and thermodynamics of the plume dynamics and those based upon spatially integrated models. We describe in detail a new integral model, the LANL Plume Model, which accounts for the evolution of the droplet size distribution. Some typical results obtained from this model are discussed.

  19. Length Scale Analysis of Surface Energy Fluxes Derived from Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunsell, Nathaniel A.; Gillies, Robert R.

    2003-01-01

    thermal measurements. Remote Sens. Rev., 1, 197–247. ——, and F. E. Boland, 1996: Will a doubling of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration lead to an increase or a decrease in water consumption by crops? Ecol. Modell., 88, 241–246. ——, and D. Ripley.../plain; charset=UTF-8 1212 VOLUME 4J O U R N A L O F H Y D R O M E T E O R O L O G Y q 2003 American Meteorological Society Length Scale Analysis of Surface Energy Fluxes Derived from Remote Sensing NATHANIEL A. BRUNSELL* Department of Plants, Soils...

  20. Application of Remote Sensing Technology and Ecological Modeling of Forest Carbon Stocks in Mt. Apo Natural Park, Philippines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leal, Ligaya Rubas

    2015-01-23

    This dissertation work explored the application of remote sensing technology for the assessment of forest carbon storage in Mt. Apo Natural Park. Biomass estimation is traditionally conducted using destructive sampling with high levels...

  1. Asian Journal of Geoinformatics, Vol. 5, No. 1, September 2004 The Role of Remote Sensing in Mapping Swelling Soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Asian Journal of Geoinformatics, Vol. 5, No. 1, September 2004 The Role of Remote Sensing in Mapping Swelling Soils (Received 28 March 2003; Accepted 23 January 2004) Asian Journal of Geoinformatics

  2. Workshop on the Application of Remote Sensing Technologies to Disaster Response Rapid Damage Mapping for Post-Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    Assessment 6 Sample IKONOS image (left) Full view of IKONOS 1m panchromatic satellite image of west Ahmedabad image(from Reuters web page)Multispectral image #12;Workshop on the Application of Remote Sensing

  3. Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Ocean (11:670:451/16:712:552) Class website: Sakai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Wilkin Orbits and scan geometry J. Wilkin Electromagnetic Radiation I J. Miller Electromagnetic Radiation; pulse and Synthetic Aperture Radar modes; applications J. Wilkin Land Surface Remote Sensing M. Miller

  4. Strategic plan for the utilization of remote sensing technologies in the environmental restoration program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, A.D.; Doll, W.E.; Durfee, R.C.; Luxmoore, R.J.; Conder, S.R.; Nyquist, J.E.

    1993-12-01

    The objectives of the Environmental Restoration (ER) Remote Sensing and Special Surveys Program are to apply state-of-the-art remote sensing and geophysical technologies and to manage routine and remotely-sensed examinations of the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR), the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP), the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS), and their adjacent off-site areas. Repeated multispectral scanner (MSS) imagery, gamma, and photographic surveys will allow monitoring of the degradation that might occur in waste containment vessels and monitoring (at a later stage in the remediation life cycle) of improvements from restoration efforts and cleanup. These technologies, in combination with geophysical surveys, will provide an effective means for identifying unknown waste sites and contaminant transport pathways. All of the data will be maintained in a data base that will be accessible to site managers in the ER Program. The complete analysis of collected data will provide site-specific data to the ER Program for characterizing and monitoring ER Program hazardous waste sites.

  5. Development of a system for quantifying the rate of spread of oak wilt using remote sensing and geographic information systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ware, Charles William

    1990-01-01

    DEVELOPMENT OF A SYSTEM FOR QUANTIFYING THE RATE OF SPREAD OF OAR WILT USING REMOTE SENSING AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS A Thesis by CHARLES WILLIAM WARE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial... of Spread of Oak Wilt Using Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems. (December 1990) Charles William Ware, B. S. , Stephen F. Austin St. Univ. Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Robert Maggio Oak wilt, caused by the fungus Ce atoc st's fa...

  6. Envlron. Sci. Technol. 1993, 27, 1885-1891 On-Road Hydrocarbon Remote Sensing in the Denver Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    of Denver's remote sensor for on-road motor vehicle carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbon (HC thecarbonmonoxidetocarbon dioxide ratio (CO/COz) and the hydrocarbon to carbon dioxide ratio (HC/C02) in the exhaust of anyEnvlron. Sci. Technol. 1993, 27, 1885-1891 On-Road Hydrocarbon Remote Sensing in the Denver Area Yi

  7. 3D modelling of forest canopy structure for remote sensing simulations in the optical and microwave domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    3D modelling of forest canopy structure for remote sensing simulations in the optical and microwave) and backscatter (microwave) signals measured remotely. We show it is feasible to model forest canopy scattering were used to drive optical and microwave models of canopy scattering. Simulated canopy radiometric

  8. IMPROVED MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING OF HURRICANE WIND SPEED AND RAIN RATES USING THE HURRICANE IMAGING RADIOMETER (HIRAD)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruf, Christopher

    IMPROVED MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING OF HURRICANE WIND SPEED AND RAIN RATES USING THE HURRICANE@mail.ucf.edu ABSTRACT The Hurricane Imaging Radiometer (HIRAD) is a new imaging technology microwave remote sensor for hurricane observations that is currently under development by NASA Marshall Space Flight Center

  9. CALMIT Remote-Sensing Research Relating to Carbon Sequestration There is considerable interest in assessing the magnitude of carbon sources and sinks in terrestrial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    CALMIT Remote-Sensing Research Relating to Carbon Sequestration There is considerable interest in assessing the magnitude of carbon sources and sinks in terrestrial ecosystems using remote sensing techniques. We developed a novel technique to remotely assess carbon dioxide exchange in maize using

  10. "Non-Reflective" Boundary Design via Remote Sensing and PID Control Valve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Qin Fen; Karney, Professor Byran W.; Pejovic, Dr. Stanislav

    2011-01-01

    This paper develops the concept of a nonreflective (or semireflective) boundary condition using the combination of a remote sensor and a control system to modulate a relief valve. The essential idea is to sense the pressure change at a remote location and then to use the measured data to adjust the opening of an active control valve at the end of the line to eliminate or attenuate the wave reflections at the valve, thus controlling system transient pressures. This novel idea is shown here through numerical simulation to have considerable potential for transient protection. Using this model, wave reflections and resonance can be effectively eliminated for frictionless pipelines or initial no-flow conditions and can be better controlled in more realistic pipelines for a range of transient disturbances. In addition, the features of even-order harmonics and nonreflective boundary conditions during steady oscillation, obtained through time domain transient analysis, are verified by hydraulic impedance analysis in the frequency domain.

  11. Low-altitude remote sensing dataset of DEM and RGB mosaic for AB corridor on July 13 2013 and L2 corridor on July 21 2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Baptiste Dafflon

    Low-altitude remote sensing dataset including DEM and RGB mosaic for AB (July 13 2013) and L2 corridor (July 21 2013)

  12. Low-altitude remote sensing dataset of DEM and RGB mosaic for AB corridor on July 13 2013 and L2 corridor on July 21 2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Baptiste Dafflon

    2015-04-07

    Low-altitude remote sensing dataset including DEM and RGB mosaic for AB (July 13 2013) and L2 corridor (July 21 2013)

  13. AIRBORNE, OPTICAL REMOTE SENSING OF METHANE AND ETHANE FOR NATURAL GAS PIPELINE LEAK DETECTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jerry Myers

    2003-11-12

    Ophir Corporation was awarded a contract by the U. S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory under the Project Title ''Airborne, Optical Remote Sensing of Methane and Ethane for Natural Gas Pipeline Leak Detection'' on October 14, 2002. This second six-month technical report summarizes the progress made towards defining, designing, and developing the hardware and software segments of the airborne, optical remote methane and ethane sensor. The most challenging task to date has been to identify a vendor capable of designing and developing a light source with the appropriate output wavelength and power. This report will document the work that has been done to identify design requirements, and potential vendors for the light source. Significant progress has also been made in characterizing the amount of light return available from a remote target at various distances from the light source. A great deal of time has been spent conducting laboratory and long-optical path target reflectance measurements. This is important since it helps to establish the overall optical output requirements for the sensor. It also reduces the relative uncertainty and risk associated with developing a custom light source. The data gathered from the optical path testing has been translated to the airborne transceiver design in such areas as: fiber coupling, optical detector selection, gas filters, and software analysis. Ophir will next, summarize the design progress of the transceiver hardware and software development. Finally, Ophir will discuss remaining project issues that may impact the success of the project.

  14. C. Eling et al. | 33 in: Juliane Bendig und Georg Bareth (Hrsg.) (2014): Proceedings of the Workshop on UAV-basaed Remote Sensing Methods for Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behnke, Sven

    2014-01-01

    of the Workshop on UAV-basaed Remote Sensing Methods for Monitoring Vegetation. - Kölner Geographische Arbeiten, 94. Köln: A PRECISE DIRECT GEOREFERENCING SYSTEM FOR UAVS C. Eling, L. Klingbeil, H. Kuhlmann aerial vehicle (UAV)-based remote sensing applications in the fields of surveying, precision farming

  15. SEPTEMBER 2011 VOLUME 4 NUMBER 3 IJSTHZ (ISSN 1939-1404) SPECIAL ISSUE ON HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING IN EARTH OBSERVATION AND REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plaza, Antonio J.

    1939-1404) SPECIAL ISSUE ON HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING IN EARTH OBSERVATION AND REMOTE SENSING Foreword to the Special Issue on High Performance Computing in Earth Observation and Remote Sensing .................................... ................................................................ C. A. Lee, S. D. Gasster, A. Plaza, C.-I Chang, and B. Huang 508 High Performance Computing

  16. Hyperspectral remote sensing analysis of short rotation woody crops grown with controlled nutrient and irrigation treatments.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Im, Jungho; Jensen, John R.; Coleman, Mark; Nelson, Eric

    2009-04-01

    Abstract - Hyperspectral remote sensing research was conducted to document the biophysical and biochemical characteristics of controlled forest plots subjected to various nutrient and irrigation treatments. The experimental plots were located on the Savannah River Site near Aiken, SC. AISA hyperspectral imagery were analysed using three approaches, including: (1) normalized difference vegetation index based simple linear regression (NSLR), (2) partial least squares regression (PLSR) and (3) machine-learning regression trees (MLRT) to predict the biophysical and biochemical characteristics of the crops (leaf area index, stem biomass and five leaf nutrients concentrations). The calibration and cross-validation results were compared between the three techniques. The PLSR approach generally resulted in good predictive performance. The MLRT approach appeared to be a useful method to predict characteristics in a complex environment (i.e. many tree species and numerous fertilization and/or irrigation treatments) due to its powerful adaptability.

  17. Sampling, characterization, and remote sensing of aerosols formed in the atmospheric hydrolysis of uranium hexafluoride

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bostick, W.D.; McCulla, W.H.; Pickrell, P.W.

    1984-05-01

    When gaseous uranium hexafluoride (UF/sub 6/) is released into the atmosphere, it rapidly reacts with ambient moisture to form an aerosol of uranyl fluoride (UO/sub 2/F/sub 2/) and hydrogen fluoride (HF). As part of our Safety Analysis program, we have performed several experimental releases of HF/sub 6/ in contained volumes in order to investigate techniques for sampling and characterizing the aerosol materials. The aggregate particle morphology and size distribution have been found to be dependent upon several conditions, including the temperature of the UF/sub 6/ at the time of its release, the relative humidity of the air into which it is released, and the elapsed time after the release. Aerosol composition and settling rate have been investigated using stationary samplers for the separate collection of UO/sub 2/F/sub 2/ and HF and via laser spectroscopic remote sensing (Mie scatter and infrared spectroscopy). 25 refs., 16 figs., 5 tabs.

  18. Remote sensing of seawater and drifting ice in Svalbard fjords by compact Raman LIDAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bunkin, Alexey F; Lednev, Vasily N; Lushnikov, Dmitry L; Marchenko, Aleksey V; Morozov, Eugene G; Pershin, Sergey M; Yulmetov, Renat N

    2013-01-01

    A compact Raman LIDAR system for remote sensing of sea and drifting ice was developed at the Wave Research Center at the Prokhorov General Physics Institute of the RAS. The developed system is based on a diode pumped solid state YVO4:Nd laser combined with compact spectrograph equipped with gated detector. The system exhibits high sensitivity and can be used for mapping or depth profiling of different parameters within many oceanographic problems. Light weight (~20 kg) and low power consumption (300 W) make possible to install the device on any vehicle including unmanned aircraft or submarine system. The Raman LIDAR presented was used for Svalbard fjords study and analysis of different influence of the open sea and glaciers on the water properties. Temperature, phytoplankton, and dissolved organic matter distributions in the seawater were studied in the Ice Fjord, Van Mijen Fjord and Rinders Fjord. Drifting ice and seawater in the Rinders Fjord were characterized by the Raman spectroscopy and fluorescence. It...

  19. UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) HYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING FOR DRYLAND VEGETATION MONITORING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nancy F. Glenn; Jessica J. Mitchell; Matthew O. Anderson; Ryan C. Hruska

    2012-06-01

    UAV-based hyperspectral remote sensing capabilities developed by the Idaho National Lab and Idaho State University, Boise Center Aerospace Lab, were recently tested via demonstration flights that explored the influence of altitude on geometric error, image mosaicking, and dryland vegetation classification. The test flights successfully acquired usable flightline data capable of supporting classifiable composite images. Unsupervised classification results support vegetation management objectives that rely on mapping shrub cover and distribution patterns. Overall, supervised classifications performed poorly despite spectral separability in the image-derived endmember pixels. Future mapping efforts that leverage ground reference data, ultra-high spatial resolution photos and time series analysis should be able to effectively distinguish native grasses such as Sandberg bluegrass (Poa secunda), from invasives such as burr buttercup (Ranunculus testiculatus) and cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum).

  20. Results of the remote sensing feasibility study for the uranium hexafluoride storage cylinder yard program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balick, L.K.; Bowman, D.R. [Bechtel Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States). Remote Sensing Lab.; Bounds, J.H. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)] [and others

    1997-02-01

    The US DOE manages the safe storage of approximately 650,000 tons of depleted uranium hexafluoride remaining from the Cold War. This slightly radioactive, but chemically active, material is contained in more than 46,000 steel storage cylinders that are located at Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Paducah, Kentucky; and Portsmouth, Ohio. Some of the cylinders are more than 40 years old, and approximately 17,500 are considered problem cylinders because their physical integrity is questionable. These cylinders require an annual visual inspection. The remainder of the 46,000-plus cylinders must be visually inspected every four years. Currently, the cylinder inspection program is extremely labor intensive. Because these inspections are accomplished visually, they may not be effective in the early detection of leaking cylinders. The inspection program requires approximately 12--14 full-time-equivalent (FTE) employees. At the cost of approximately $125K per FTE, this translates to $1,500K per annum just for cylinder inspection. As part of the technology-development portion of the DOE Cylinder Management Program, the DOE Office of Facility Management requested the Remote Sensing Laboratory (RSL) to evaluate remote sensing techniques that have potential to increase the effectiveness of the inspection program and, at the same time, reduce inspection costs and personnel radiation exposure. During two site visits (March and May 1996) to the K-25 Site at Oak Ridge, TN, RSL personnel tested and characterized seven different operating systems believed to detect leakage, surface contamination, thickness and corrosion of cylinder walls, and general area contamination resulting from breached cylinders. The following techniques were used and their performances are discussed: Laser-induced fluorescent imaging; Long-range alpha detection; Neutron activation analysis; Differential gamma-ray attenuation; Compton scatterometry; Active infrared inspection; and Passive thermal infrared imaging.

  1. VEGETATION COVER ANALYSIS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE SITES IN UTAH AND ARIZONA USING HYPERSPECTRAL REMOTE SENSING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Serrato, M.; Jungho, I.; Jensen, J.; Jensen, R.; Gladden, J.; Waugh, J.

    2012-01-17

    Remote sensing technology can provide a cost-effective tool for monitoring hazardous waste sites. This study investigated the usability of HyMap airborne hyperspectral remote sensing data (126 bands at 2.3 x 2.3 m spatial resolution) to characterize the vegetation at U.S. Department of Energy uranium processing sites near Monticello, Utah and Monument Valley, Arizona. Grass and shrub species were mixed on an engineered disposal cell cover at the Monticello site while shrub species were dominant in the phytoremediation plantings at the Monument Valley site. The specific objectives of this study were to: (1) estimate leaf-area-index (LAI) of the vegetation using three different methods (i.e., vegetation indices, red-edge positioning (REP), and machine learning regression trees), and (2) map the vegetation cover using machine learning decision trees based on either the scaled reflectance data or mixture tuned matched filtering (MTMF)-derived metrics and vegetation indices. Regression trees resulted in the best calibration performance of LAI estimation (R{sup 2} > 0.80). The use of REPs failed to accurately predict LAI (R{sup 2} < 0.2). The use of the MTMF-derived metrics (matched filter scores and infeasibility) and a range of vegetation indices in decision trees improved the vegetation mapping when compared to the decision tree classification using just the scaled reflectance. Results suggest that hyperspectral imagery are useful for characterizing biophysical characteristics (LAI) and vegetation cover on capped hazardous waste sites. However, it is believed that the vegetation mapping would benefit from the use of 1 higher spatial resolution hyperspectral data due to the small size of many of the vegetation patches (< 1m) found on the sites.

  2. A study of the Oklahoma City urban heat island using ground measurements and remote sensing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, M. J. (Michael J.); Ivey, A. (Austin); McPherson, T. N. (Timothy N.); Boswell, D. (David); Pardyjak, E. R. (Eric R.)

    2004-01-01

    Measurements of temperature and position were collected during the night from an instrumented van on routes through Oklahoma City and the rural outskirts. The measurements were taken as part of the Joint URBAN 2003 Tracer Field Experiment conducted in Oklahoma City from June 29, 2003 to July 30, 2003 (Allwine et al., 2004). The instrumented van was driven over four primary routes that included legs from the downtown core to four different 'rural' areas. Each route went through residential areas and most often went by a line of permanently fixed temperature probes (Allwine et al., 2004) for cross-checking purposes. Each route took from 20 to 40 minutes to complete. Based on seven nights of data, initial analyses indicate that there was a temperature difference of 0.5-6.5 C between the urban core and nearby 'rural' areas. Analyses also suggest that there were significant fine scale temperature differences over distances of tens of meters within the city and in the nearby rural areas. The temperature measurements that were collected are intended to supplement the meteorological measurements taken during the Joint URBAN 2003 Field Experiment, to assess the importance of the urban heat island phenomenon in Oklahoma City, and to test new urban canopy parameterizations that have been developed for regional scale meteorological codes (e.g., Chin et al., 2000; Holt and Shi, 2004). In addition to the ground measurements, skin temperature measurements were also analyzed from remotely sensed images taken from the Earth Observing System's Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER). A surface kinetic temperature thermal infrared image captured by the ASTER of the Oklahoma City area on July 21, 2001 was analyzed within ESRI's ArcGIS 8.3 to correlate variations in temperature with land use type. Analysis of this imagery suggests distinct variations in temperature across different land use categories. Through the use of remotely sensed imagery we hope to better understand the development of the urban heat island analysis.

  3. Rule-based classification using classification tree analysis (CTA) is increasingly applied to remotely sensed data. CTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    for classification of remotely sensed data. Introduction The classification of digital imagery to extract useful theAbstract Rule-based classification using classification tree analysis (CTA) is increasingly applied. Results are then used for image classification. Software implementations of CTA offer differ- ent

  4. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 49, NO. 4, APRIL 2011 1343 Operational and Performance Considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerekes, John

    of acquisition conditions. Real ground-truthed hyperspectral data are employed in or- der to evaluate] and demonstrated to be a pow- erful tool in many remote-sensing applications. Hyperspectral sensors can measure high material discriminability. For systems operating in the 0.4 ÷ 2.5 µm range, spanning the visible/near-infrared

  5. PhD in Cryosphere Geophysics The Cryosphere Geophysics and Remote Sensing group (CryoGARs) at Boise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    PhD in Cryosphere Geophysics The Cryosphere Geophysics and Remote Sensing group (CryoGARs) at Boise on the GrIS. A solid background in field geophysics is preferred. The successful applicant will join the CryoGars group and Center for Geophysical Investigation of the Shallow Subsurface (CGISS) at Boise

  6. Atmospheric science encompasses meteorology and climatology, as well as fields such as atmospheric chemistry and remote sensing.Atmospheric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    chemistry and remote sensing.Atmospheric scientists apply physics, mathematics, and chemistry to understandAtmospheric science encompasses meteorology and climatology, as well as fields such as atmospheric the atmosphere and its interactions with land and sea. One of the goals of atmospheric science is to understand

  7. Use of land surface remotely sensed satellite and airborne data for environmental exposure assessment in cancer research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cancer and environmental contaminants, focusing primarily on agricultural chemical exposure assessmentUse of land surface remotely sensed satellite and airborne data for environmental exposure assessment in cancer research SUSAN K. MAXWELLa , JAYMIE R. MELIKERb AND PIERRE GOOVAERTSc a U.S. Geological

  8. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 40, NO. 6, JUNE 2002 1279 Inundation Discriminated Using Sun Glint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrissey, Leslie A.

    the exchange of the two trace gases, carbon dioxide and methane, between the soil and the atmosphere at local soil is a potential source of carbon dioxide and a sink for methane [7], [8]. The increasesIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 40, NO. 6, JUNE 2002 1279 Inundation

  9. QUANTITATIVE REMOTE SENSING: HORNS REV WIND FARM CASE STUDY C. B. Hasager, M. Nielsen, M. B. Christiansen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    QUANTITATIVE REMOTE SENSING: HORNS REV WIND FARM CASE STUDY C. B. Hasager, M. Nielsen, M. B. Christiansen Risø National Laboratory, Wind Energy Department, Roskilde, Denmark Email: charlotte.hasager@risoe.dk, morten.nielsen@risoe.dk, merete.bruun.christiansen@risoe.dk ABSTRACT Wind vector observations from 85 ERS

  10. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 45, NO. 7, JULY 2007 1947 Initial Results of the Geostationary Synthetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruf, Christopher

    measured on the antenna range, solar transit observations, and the system model. Manuscript received May 30.1109/TGRS.2007.894060 Index Terms--Interferometry, microwave imaging, microwave radiometry, remote sensing) in discrete microwave bands from 50 to 180 GHz [1]. Images of the Earth are synthesized by a Fourier transform

  11. Impacts of boundary layer mixing on pollutant vertical profiles in the lower troposphere: Implications to satellite remote sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Daniel J.

    primarily by the extent of parameteriza- tion, several types of PBL mixing scheme have been employed-local scheme Full-mixing Satellite remote sensing a b s t r a c t Mixing in the planetary boundary layer (PBL recently been supplemented with a non-local PBL scheme. This study analyzes the impact of the non

  12. Simultaneous Measurement of On-Road Vehicle Emissions and Traffic Flow Using Remote Sensing and an Area-Wide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, H. Christopher

    1 Simultaneous Measurement of On-Road Vehicle Emissions and Traffic Flow Using Remote Sensing Current practice for estimating vehicle emissions is based upon the use of planning-level vehicle mile input emissions data are based upon dynamometer testing of new vehicles under controlled conditions and

  13. Remote sensing data of biomass and fire history were used to characterise woodland degradation across the landscape (fig. 2). Fires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remote sensing data of biomass and fire history were used to characterise woodland degradation. Results MODEL OUTPUT There is potential for considerable biomass variation as a result of fire (fig. 3 biomass woodlands are particularly vulnerable to degradation, though were also found to be capable

  14. AIRBORNE, OPTICAL REMOTE SENSING OF METHANE AND ETHANE FOR NATURAL GAS PIPLINE LEAK DETECTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jerry Myers

    2004-05-12

    Ophir Corporation was awarded a contract by the U. S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory under the Project Title ''Airborne, Optical Remote Sensing of Methane and Ethane for Natural Gas Pipeline Leak Detection'' on October 14, 2002. The third six-month technical report contains a summary of the progress made towards finalizing the design and assembling the airborne, remote methane and ethane sensor. The vendor has been chosen and is on contract to develop the light source with the appropriate linewidth and spectral shape to best utilize the Ophir gas correlation software. Ophir has expanded upon the target reflectance testing begun in the previous performance period by replacing the experimental receiving optics with the proposed airborne large aperture telescope, which is theoretically capable of capturing many times more signal return. The data gathered from these tests has shown the importance of optimizing the fiber optic receiving fiber to the receiving optic and has helped Ophir to optimize the design of the gas cells and narrowband optical filters. Finally, Ophir will discuss remaining project issues that may impact the success of the project.

  15. FOR 6934: Remote Sensing of Terrestrial Ecosystems (3 credits) Lectures and Discussion: Tuesday periods 4-5 (10:40 12:35); Wednesday period 4 (10:40-11:30); Newins-Ziegler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    FOR 6934: Remote Sensing of Terrestrial Ecosystems (3 credits) Lectures and Discussion: Tuesday@ufl.edu Course Description This course will focus on the intersection of remote sensing and ecology of forests and other terrestrial ecosystems. We will focus especially on high resolution remote sensing (multi

  16. AIRBORNE, OPTICAL REMOTE SENSING OF METHANE AND ETHANE FOR NATURAL GAS PIPELINE LEAK DETECTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jerry Myers

    2003-05-13

    Ophir Corporation was awarded a contract by the U. S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory under the Project Title ''Airborne, Optical Remote Sensing of Methane and Ethane for Natural Gas Pipeline Leak Detection'' on October 14, 2002. This six-month technical report summarizes the progress for each of the proposed tasks, discusses project concerns, and outlines near-term goals. Ophir has completed a data survey of two major natural gas pipeline companies on the design requirements for an airborne, optical remote sensor. The results of this survey are disclosed in this report. A substantial amount of time was spent on modeling the expected optical signal at the receiver at different absorption wavelengths, and determining the impact of noise sources such as solar background, signal shot noise, and electronic noise on methane and ethane gas detection. Based upon the signal to noise modeling and industry input, Ophir finalized the design requirements for the airborne sensor, and released the critical sensor light source design requirements to qualified vendors. Responses from the vendors indicated that the light source was not commercially available, and will require a research and development effort to produce. Three vendors have responded positively with proposed design solutions. Ophir has decided to conduct short path optical laboratory experiments to verify the existence of methane and absorption at the specified wavelength, prior to proceeding with the light source selection. Techniques to eliminate common mode noise were also evaluated during the laboratory tests. Finally, Ophir has included a summary of the potential concerns for project success and has established future goals.

  17. Improving Rangeland Monitoring and Assessment: Integrating Remote Sensing, GIS, and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert Paul Breckenridge

    2007-05-01

    Creeping environmental changes are impacting some of the largest remaining intact parcels of sagebrush steppe ecosystems in the western United States, creating major problems for land managers. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL), located in southeastern Idaho, is part of the sagebrush steppe ecosystem, one of the largest ecosystems on the continent. Scientists at the INL and the University of Idaho have integrated existing field and remotely sensed data with geographic information systems technology to analyze how recent fires on the INL have influenced the current distribution of terrestrial vegetation. Three vegetation mapping and classification systems were used to evaluate the changes in vegetation caused by fires between 1994 and 2003. Approximately 24% of the sagebrush steppe community on the INL was altered by fire, mostly over a 5-year period. There were notable differences between methods, especially for juniper woodland and grasslands. The Anderson system (Anderson et al. 1996) was superior for representing the landscape because it includes playa/bare ground/disturbed area and sagebrush steppe on lava as vegetation categories. This study found that assessing existing data sets is useful for quantifying fire impacts and should be helpful in future fire and land use planning. The evaluation identified that data from remote sensing technologies is not currently of sufficient quality to assess the percentage of cover. To fill this need, an approach was designed using both helicopter and fixed wing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and image processing software to evaluate six cover types on field plots located on the INL. The helicopter UAV provided the best system compared against field sampling, but is more dangerous and has spatial coverage limitations. It was reasonably accurate for dead shrubs and was very good in assessing percentage of bare ground, litter and grasses; accuracy for litter and shrubs is questionable. The fixed wing system proved to be feasible and can collect imagery for very large areas in a short period of time. It was accurate for bare ground and grasses. Both UAV systems have limitations, but these will be reduced as the technology advances. In both cases, the UAV systems collected data at a much faster rate than possible on the ground. The study concluded that improvements in automating the image processing efforts would greatly improve use of the technology. In the near future, UAV technology may revolutionize rangeland monitoring in the same way Global Positioning Systems have affected navigation while conducting field activities.

  18. Satellite Remote Sensing of Air Pollution in Mega CitiesSatellite Remote Sensing of Air Pollution in Mega Cities Sundar A. Christopher 1; J.Wang1; P. Gupta 1; M.A. Box2; and G.P. Box2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jun

    Satellite Remote Sensing of Air Pollution in Mega CitiesSatellite Remote Sensing of Air Pollution, consistent, and cost-effective way for monitoring air pollution. Using Terra/Aqua data, we demonstrate (PM2.5) is an important tool for evaluating air quality. However, PM2.5 has larger spatiotemporal

  19. Remote optical sensing on the nanometer scale with a bowtie aperture nano-antenna on a SNOM fiber tip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atie, Elie M; Eter, Ali El; Salut, Roland; Nedeljkovic, Dusan; Tannous, Tony; Baida, Fadi I; Grosjean, Thierry

    2015-01-01

    Plasmonic nano-antennas have proven the outstanding ability of sensing chemical and physical processes down to the nano-meter scale. Sensing is usually achieved within the highly confined optical fields generated resonantly by the nano-antennas, i.e. in contact to the nano-structures. In these paper, We demonstrate the sensing capability of nano-antennas to their larger scale environment, well beyond their plasmonic confinement volume, leading to the concept of 'remote' (non contact) sensing on the nano-meter scale. On the basis of a bowtie-aperture nano-antenna (BNA) integrated at the apex of a SNOM fiber tip, we introduce an ultra-compact, move-able and background-free optical nano-sensor for the remote sensing of a silicon surface (up to distance of 300 nm). Sensitivity of the BNA to its large scale environment is high enough to expect the monitoring and control of the spacing between the nano-antenna and a silicon surface with sub-nano-meter accuracy. This work paves the way towards a new class of nano-po...

  20. Computed tomography and optical remote sensing: Development for the study of indoor air pollutant transport and dispersion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drescher, A.C.

    1995-06-01

    This thesis investigates the mixing and dispersion of indoor air pollutants under a variety of conditions using standard experimental methods. It also extensively tests and improves a novel technique for measuring contaminant concentrations that has the potential for more rapid, non-intrusive measurements with higher spatial resolution than previously possible. Experiments conducted in a sealed room support the hypothesis that the mixing time of an instantaneously released tracer gas is inversely proportional to the cube root of the mechanical power transferred to the room air. One table-top and several room-scale experiments are performed to test the concept of employing optical remote sensing (ORS) and computed tomography (CT) to measure steady-state gas concentrations in a horizontal plane. Various remote sensing instruments, scanning geometries and reconstruction algorithms are employed. Reconstructed concentration distributions based on existing iterative CT techniques contain a high degree of unrealistic spatial variability and do not agree well with simultaneously gathered point-sample data.

  1. Introduction to structure from motion and its applications in remote sensing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fair, Matt B

    2011-01-11

    This talk discusses my experience at Los Alamos National Laboratories developing the Wide Area Persistent Surveillance (WAPS) system AngelFire and the problems with working with low resolution surface models. This experience provided a motivation to seek solutions to utilize the redundant WAPS imagery to build surface models of the urban environment. Structure from Motion (SfM) is a process that takes multiple view imagery and compute the 3D structure of a scene. We will walk through the basic algorithm and discuss areas for optimization. Military services and intelligence agencies face long-standing challenges with processing, exploiting, and disseminating ISR data. The problem is that too much data is being produced and not enough people to look at it and the problem is not going away. As a result of this data overload, we need to shift the way we think about data and find creative ways to use and present it so it can be easily digested by decision makers. SfM also provides a means for developing a data processing and organization architecture. Applications for various remote sensing applications will be discussed for motivation for why SfM and Multi-View Stereo rendering is an important area that needs to be continued to be developed.

  2. Large-scale functional models of visual cortex for remote sensing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brumby, Steven P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kenyon, Garrett [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rasmussen, Craig E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swaminarayan, Sriram [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bettencourt, Luis [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Landecker, Will [PORTLAND STATE UNIV.

    2009-01-01

    Neuroscience has revealed many properties of neurons and of the functional organization of visual cortex that are believed to be essential to human vision, but are missing in standard artificial neural networks. Equally important may be the sheer scale of visual cortex requiring {approx}1 petaflop of computation. In a year, the retina delivers {approx}1 petapixel to the brain, leading to massively large opportunities for learning at many levels of the cortical system. We describe work at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to develop large-scale functional models of visual cortex on LANL's Roadrunner petaflop supercomputer. An initial run of a simple region VI code achieved 1.144 petaflops during trials at the IBM facility in Poughkeepsie, NY (June 2008). Here, we present criteria for assessing when a set of learned local representations is 'complete' along with general criteria for assessing computer vision models based on their projected scaling behavior. Finally, we extend one class of biologically-inspired learning models to problems of remote sensing imagery.

  3. Integration of remote sensing and geographic information systems for Great Lakes water quality monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lathrop, R.G. Jr.

    1988-01-01

    The utility of three operational satellite remote sensing systems, namely, the Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM), the SPOT High Resolution Visible (HRV) sensors and the NOAA Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR), were evaluated as a means of estimating water quality and surface temperature. Empirical calibration through linear regression techniques was used to relate near-simultaneously acquired satellite radiance/reflectance data and water quality observations obtained in Green Bay and the nearshore waters of Lake Michigan. Four dates of TM and one date each of SPOT and AVHRR imagery/surface reference data were acquired and analyzed. Highly significant relationships were identified between the TM and SPOT data and secchi disk depth, nephelometric turbidity, chlorophyll a, total suspended solids (TSS), absorbance, and surface temperature (TM only). The AVHRR data were not analyzed independently but were used for comparison with the TM data. Calibrated water quality image maps were input to a PC-based raster GIS package, EPPL7. Pattern interpretation and spatial analysis techniques were used to document the circulation dynamics and model mixing processes in Green Bay. A GIS facilitates the retrieval, query and spatial analysis of mapped information and provides the framework for an integrated operational monitoring system for the Great Lakes.

  4. Monitoring landscape response to climate change using remote sensing and GIS techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yuhas, R.H.; Dolan, P.H.; Goetz, A.F.H. (Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States))

    1992-01-01

    Increasing concern over the threat of global warming has precipitated the need for study sites which can be scientifically monitored to detect and follow the effects of environmental landscape change. Extensive eolian dune deposits in northeastern Colorado provide an ideal study site. These dune complexes, found along the South Platte River, are currently stabilized by a thin cover of shortgrass prairie vegetation. However, stratigraphic evidence demonstrates that during at least four times in the past 10,000 years, the dunes were actively migrating across the landscape. In addition, climate models indicate that the High Plains could be one of the first areas to react to climate changes when they occur. The scaling relationships that contribute to the evolution of the landscape are nearly impossible to understand without the regional perspective that remote sensing and geographical information system (GIS) techniques provide. Imagery acquired with the NASA/JPL Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) is processed to detect the amount of sand exposed, as well as the percent vegetation cover that is currently stabilizing the dunes. Excellent discrimination is found between areas of low and no vegetation, something not possible with traditional analysis methods. Seasonal changes are also emphasized. This information is incorporated into the GIS database the authors created, which also has information on parameters that influence the landscape: elevation, soil type, surface/subsurface hydrology, etc. With these data areas that are susceptible to climate change are highlighted, but more importantly, the reasons for the susceptibility are determined using the GIS's analytical capabilities.

  5. Remote sensing-based characterization, 2-m, Plant Functional Type Distributions, Barrow Environmental Observatory, 2010

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Zachary Langford; Forrest Hoffman; Jitendra Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Arctic ecosystems have been observed to be warming faster than the global average and are predicted to experience accelerated changes in climate due to global warming. Arctic vegetation is particularly sensitive to warming conditions and likely to exhibit shifts in species composition, phenology and productivity under changing climate. Mapping and monitoring of changes in vegetation is essential to understand the effect of climate change on the ecosystem functions. Vegetation exhibits unique spectral characteristics which can be harnessed to discriminate plant types and develop quantitative vegetation indices. We have combined high resolution multi-spectral remote sensing from the WorldView 2 satellite with LIDAR-derived digital elevation models to characterize the tundra landscape on the North Slope of Alaska. Classification of landscape using spectral and topographic characteristics yields spatial regions with expectedly similar vegetation characteristics. A field campaign was conducted during peak growing season to collect vegetation harvests from a number of 1m x 1m plots in the study region, which were then analyzed for distribution of vegetation types in the plots. Statistical relationships were developed between spectral and topographic characteristics and vegetation type distributions at the vegetation plots. These derived relationships were employed to statistically upscale the vegetation distributions for the landscape based on spectral characteristics. Vegetation distributions developed are being used to provide Plant Functional Type (PFT) maps for use in the Community Land Model (CLM).

  6. Mapping Suitability Areas for Concentrated Solar Power Plants Using Remote Sensing Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Omitaomu, Olufemi A; Singh, Nagendra; Bhaduri, Budhendra L

    2015-01-01

    The political push to increase power generation from renewable sources such as solar energy requires knowing the best places to site new solar power plants with respect to the applicable regulatory, operational, engineering, environmental, and socioeconomic criteria. Therefore, in this paper, we present applications of remote sensing data for mapping suitability areas for concentrated solar power plants. Our approach uses digital elevation model derived from NASA s Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM) at a resolution of 3 arc second (approx. 90m resolution) for estimating global solar radiation for the study area. Then, we develop a computational model built on a Geographic Information System (GIS) platform that divides the study area into a grid of cells and estimates site suitability value for each cell by computing a list of metrics based on applicable siting requirements using GIS data. The computed metrics include population density, solar energy potential, federal lands, and hazardous facilities. Overall, some 30 GIS data are used to compute eight metrics. The site suitability value for each cell is computed as an algebraic sum of all metrics for the cell with the assumption that all metrics have equal weight. Finally, we color each cell according to its suitability value. We present results for concentrated solar power that drives a stream turbine and parabolic mirror connected to a Stirling Engine.

  7. Remote sensing-based characterization of plant functional type distributions at the Barrow Environmental Observatory

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Kumar, Jitendra; Hoffman, Forrest M.

    2014-03-18

    Arctic ecosystems have been observed to be warming faster than the global average and are predicted to experience accelerated changes in climate due to global warming. Arctic vegetation is particularly sensitive to warming conditions and likely to exhibit shifts in species composition, phenology and productivity under changing climate. Mapping and monitoring of changes in vegetation is essential to understand the effect of climate change on the ecosystem functions. Vegetation exhibits unique spectral characteristics which can be harnessed to discriminate plant types and develop quantitative vegetation indices. We have combined high resolution multi-spectral remote sensing from the WorldView 2 satellite with LIDAR-derived digital elevation models to characterize the tundra landscape on the North Slope of Alaska. Classification of landscape using spectral and topographic characteristics yields spatial regions with expectedly similar vegetation characteristics. A field campaign was conducted during peak growing season to collect vegetation harvests from a number of 1m x 1m plots in the study region, which were then analyzed for distribution of vegetation types in the plots. Statistical relationships were developed between spectral and topographic characteristics and vegetation type distributions at the vegetation plots. These derived relationships were employed to statistically upscale the vegetation distributions for the landscape based on spectral characteristics. Vegetation distributions developed are being used to provide Plant Functional Type (PFT) maps for use in the Community Land Model (CLM).

  8. Remote sensing-based characterization, 2-m, Plant Functional Type Distributions, Barrow Environmental Observatory, 2010

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Zachary Langford; Forrest Hoffman; Jitendra Kumar

    Arctic ecosystems have been observed to be warming faster than the global average and are predicted to experience accelerated changes in climate due to global warming. Arctic vegetation is particularly sensitive to warming conditions and likely to exhibit shifts in species composition, phenology and productivity under changing climate. Mapping and monitoring of changes in vegetation is essential to understand the effect of climate change on the ecosystem functions. Vegetation exhibits unique spectral characteristics which can be harnessed to discriminate plant types and develop quantitative vegetation indices. We have combined high resolution multi-spectral remote sensing from the WorldView 2 satellite with LIDAR-derived digital elevation models to characterize the tundra landscape on the North Slope of Alaska. Classification of landscape using spectral and topographic characteristics yields spatial regions with expectedly similar vegetation characteristics. A field campaign was conducted during peak growing season to collect vegetation harvests from a number of 1m x 1m plots in the study region, which were then analyzed for distribution of vegetation types in the plots. Statistical relationships were developed between spectral and topographic characteristics and vegetation type distributions at the vegetation plots. These derived relationships were employed to statistically upscale the vegetation distributions for the landscape based on spectral characteristics. Vegetation distributions developed are being used to provide Plant Functional Type (PFT) maps for use in the Community Land Model (CLM).

  9. Remote sensing-based characterization of plant functional type distributions at the Barrow Environmental Observatory

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Kumar, Jitendra; Hoffman, Forrest M.

    Arctic ecosystems have been observed to be warming faster than the global average and are predicted to experience accelerated changes in climate due to global warming. Arctic vegetation is particularly sensitive to warming conditions and likely to exhibit shifts in species composition, phenology and productivity under changing climate. Mapping and monitoring of changes in vegetation is essential to understand the effect of climate change on the ecosystem functions. Vegetation exhibits unique spectral characteristics which can be harnessed to discriminate plant types and develop quantitative vegetation indices. We have combined high resolution multi-spectral remote sensing from the WorldView 2 satellite with LIDAR-derived digital elevation models to characterize the tundra landscape on the North Slope of Alaska. Classification of landscape using spectral and topographic characteristics yields spatial regions with expectedly similar vegetation characteristics. A field campaign was conducted during peak growing season to collect vegetation harvests from a number of 1m x 1m plots in the study region, which were then analyzed for distribution of vegetation types in the plots. Statistical relationships were developed between spectral and topographic characteristics and vegetation type distributions at the vegetation plots. These derived relationships were employed to statistically upscale the vegetation distributions for the landscape based on spectral characteristics. Vegetation distributions developed are being used to provide Plant Functional Type (PFT) maps for use in the Community Land Model (CLM).

  10. Remote Sensing Analysis of the Sierra Blanca (Faskin Ranch) Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Site, Hudspeth County, Texas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LeMone, D. V.; Dodge, R.; Xie, H.; Langford, R. P.; Keller, G. R.

    2002-02-26

    Remote sensing images provide useful physical information, revealing such features as geological structure, vegetation, drainage patterns, and variations in consolidated and unconsolidated lithologies. That technology has been applied to the failed Sierra Blanca (Faskin Ranch) shallow burial low-level radioactive waste disposal site selected by the Texas Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Authority. It has been re-examined using data from LANDSAT satellite series. The comparison of the earlier LANDSAT V (5/20/86) (30-m resolution) with the later new, higher resolution ETM imagery (10/23/99) LANDSAT VII data (15-m resolution) clearly shows the superiority of the LANDSAT VII data. The search for surficial indications of evidence of fatal flaws at the Sierra Blanca site utilizing was not successful, as it had been in the case of the earlier remote sensing analysis of the failed Fort Hancock site utilizing LANDSAT V data. The authors conclude that the tectonic activity at the Sierra Blanca site is much less recent and active than in the previously studied Fort Hancock site. The Sierra Blanca site failed primarily on the further needed documentation concerning a subsurface fault underneath the site and environmental justice issues. The presence of this fault was not revealed using the newer LANDSAT VII data. Despite this fact, it must be remembered that remote sensing provides baseline documentation for determining future physical and financial remediation responsibilities. On the basis of the two sites examined by LANDSAT remote sensing imaging, it is concluded that it is an essential, cost-effective tool that should be utilized not only in site examination but also in all nuclear-related facilities.

  11. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. GE-22, NO. 3, MAY 1984 David R. Thompson received the B.S., M.S.,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dozier, Jeff

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. GE-22, NO. 3, MAY 1984 David R. Thompson, IEEE Abstract-In California 75 percent of the agricultural water supply comes from the melting Sierra

  12. Remote sensing evaluation of CLM4 GPP for the period 2000 to 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mao, Jiafu [ORNL; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Shi, Xiaoying [ORNL; Zhao, Maosheng [ORNL; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    The ability of a process-based ecosystem model like Version 4 of the Community Land Model (CLM4) to provide accurate estimates of CO2 flux is a top priority for researchers, modelers and policy makers. Remote sensing can provide long-term and large scale products suitable for ecosystem model evaluation. Global estimations of gross primary production (GPP) at the 1 km spatial resolution from years 2000 to 2009 from the MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) sensor offer a unique opportunity for evaluating the temporal and spatial patterns of global GPP and its relationship with climate for CLM4. We compare monthly GPP simulated by CLM4 at half-degree resolution with satellite estimates of GPP from the MODIS GPP (MOD17) dataset for the 10-yr period, January 2000 December 2009. The assessment is presented in terms of long-term mean carbon assimilation, seasonal mean distributions, amplitude and phase of the annual cycle, and intra-annual and inter-annual GPP variability and their responses to climate variables. For the long-term annual and seasonal means, major GPP patterns are clearly demonstrated by both products. Compared to the MODIS product, CLM4 overestimates the magnitude of GPP for tropical evergreen forests. CLM4 has longer carbon uptake period than MODIS for most plant functional types (PFTs) with an earlier onset of GPP in spring and later decline of GPP in autumn. Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) analysis of the monthly GPP changes indicates that on the intra-annual scale, both CLM4 and MODIS display similar spatial representations and temporal patterns for most terrestrial ecosystems except in northeast Russia and the very dry region in central Australia. For 2000-2009, CLM4 simulates increases in annual averaged GPP over both hemispheres, however estimates from MODIS suggest a reduction in the Southern Hemisphere (-0.2173 PgC/year) balancing the significant increase over the Northern Hemisphere (0.2157 PgC/year).

  13. On-Road Emissions in Asia Measured by Remote Sensing. Donald H. Stedman and Gary A. Bishop,University of Denver, Department of Chemistry and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Emissions in Asia Measured by Remote Sensing. Donald H. Stedman and Gary A. Bishop Analysis, Tiburon, California 94920 ABSTRACT On-road emissions are precisely the emissions which sensing measures mass emissions of CO, HC, NO and smoke per kg (or per L) of fuel burned. On

  14. DEVELOPMENT OF RADIO FREQUENCY INTERFERENCE DETECTION ALGORITHMS FOR PASSIVE MICROWAVE REMOTE SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruf, Christopher

    DEVELOPMENT OF RADIO FREQUENCY INTERFERENCE DETECTION ALGORITHMS FOR PASSIVE MICROWAVE REMOTE Gross for pretty much building almost everything that this thesis is based on and Darren Mc

  15. Remote sensing in marine environment - acquiring, processing, and interpreting GLORIA sidescan sonor images of deep sea floor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Leary, D.W.

    1989-03-01

    The US Geological Survey's remote sensing instrument for regional imaging of the deep sea floor (> 400 m water depth) is the GLORIA (Geologic Long-Range Inclined Asdic) sidescan sonar system, designed and operated by the British Institute of Oceanographic Sciences. A 30-sec sweep rate provides for a swath width of approximately 45 km, depending on water depth. The return signal is digitally recorded as 8 bit data to provide a cross-range pixel dimension of 50 m. Postcruise image processing is carried out by using USGS software. Processing includes precision water-column removal, geometric and radiometric corrections, and contrast enhancement. Mosaicking includes map grid fitting, concatenation, and tone matching. Seismic reflection profiles, acquired along track during the survey, are image correlative and provide a subsurface dimension unique to marine remote sensing. Generally GLORIA image interpretation is based on brightness variations which are largely a function of (1) surface roughness at a scale of approximately 1 m and (2) slope changes of more than about 4/degrees/ over distances of at least 50 m. Broader, low-frequency changes in slope that cannot be detected from the Gloria data can be determined from seismic profiles. Digital files of bathymetry derived from echo-sounder data can be merged with GLORIA image data to create relief models of the sea floor for geomorphic interpretation of regional slope effects.

  16. Remote Sensing and Sea-Truth Measurements of Methane Flux to the Atmosphere (HYFLUX project)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ian MacDonald

    2011-05-31

    A multi-disciplinary investigation of distribution and magnitude of methane fluxes from seafloor gas hydrate deposits in the Gulf of Mexico was conducted based on results obtained from satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) remote sensing and from sampling conducted during a research expedition to three sites where gas hydrate occurs (MC118, GC600, and GC185). Samples of sediments, water, and air were collected from the ship and from an ROV submersible using sediments cores, niskin bottles attached to the ROV and to a rosette, and an automated sea-air interface collector. The SAR images were used to quantify the magnitude and distribution of natural oil and gas seeps that produced perennial oil slicks on the ocean surface. A total of 176 SAR images were processed using a texture classifying neural network algorithm, which segmented the ocean surface into oil-free and oil-covered water. Geostatistical analysis indicates that there are a total of 1081 seep formations distributed over the entire Gulf of Mexico basin. Oil-covered water comprised an average of 780.0 sq. km (sd 86.03) distributed with an area of 147,370 sq. km. Persistent oil and gas seeps were also detected with SAR sampling on other ocean margins located in the Black Sea, western coast of Africa, and offshore Pakistan. Analysis of sediment cores from all three sites show profiles of sulfate, sulfide, calcium and alkalinity that indicated anaerobic oxidation of methane with precipitation of authigenic carbonates. Difference among the three sampling sites may reflect the relative magnitude of methane flux. Methane concentrations in water column samples collected by ROV and rosette deployments from MC118 ranged from {approx}33,000 nM at the seafloor to {approx}12 nM in the mixed layer with isolated peaks up to {approx}13,670 nM coincident with the top of the gas hydrate stability field. Average plume methane, ethane, and propane concentrations in the mixed layer are 7, 630, and 9,540 times saturation, respectively. Based on the contemporaneous wind speeds at this site, contemporary estimates of the diffusive fluxes from the mixed layer to the atmosphere for methane, ethane, and propane are 26.5, 2.10, and 2.78 {micro}mol/m{sup 2}d, respectively. Continuous measurements of air and sea surface concentrations of methane were made to obtain high spatial and temporal resolution of the diffusive net sea-to-air fluxes. The atmospheric methane fluctuated between 1.70 ppm and 2.40 ppm during the entire cruise except for high concentrations (up to 4.01 ppm) sampled during the end of the occupation of GC600 and the transit between GC600 and GC185. Results from interpolations within the survey areas show the daily methane fluxes to the atmosphere at the three sites range from 0.744 to 300 mol d-1. Considering that the majority of seeps in the GOM are deep (>500 m), elevated CH{sub 4} concentrations in near-surface waters resulting from bubble-mediated CH4 transport in the water column are expected to be widespread in the Gulf of Mexico.

  17. A review of the remote sensing of lower-tropospheric thermodynamic profiles and its indispensable role for the understanding and the simulation of water and energy cycles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wulfmeyer, Volker; Hardesty, Mike; Turner, David D.; Behrendt, Andreas; Cadeddu, Maria; Di Girolamo, Paolo; Schlüssel, Peter; van Baelen, Joël; Zus, Florian

    2015-07-08

    A review of remote sensing technology for lower-tropospheric thermodynamic (TD) profiling is presented with focus on high accuracy and high temporal-vertical resolution. The contributions of these instruments to the understanding of the Earth system are assessed with respect to radiative transfer, land-surface-atmosphere feedback, convection initiation, and data assimilation. We demonstrate that for progress in weather and climate research, TD profilers are essential. These observational systems must resolve gradients of humidity and temperature in the stable or unstable atmospheric surface layer close to the ground, in the mixed layer, in the interfacial layer – usually characterized by an inversion – and the lower troposphere. A thorough analysis of the current observing systems is performed revealing significant gaps that must be addressed to fulfill existing needs. We analyze whether current and future passive and active remote sensing systems can close these gaps. A methodological analysis and demonstration of measurement capabilities with respect to bias and precision is executed both for passive and active remote sensing including passive infrared and microwave spectroscopy, the global positioning system as well as water-vapor and temperature Raman lidar and water-vapor differential absorption lidar. Whereas passive remote sensing systems are already mature with respect to operational applications, active remote sensing systems require further engineering to become operational in networks. However, active remote sensing systems provide a smaller bias as well as higher temporal and vertical resolutions. For a suitable mesoscale network design, TD profiler system developments should be intensified and dedicated observing system simulation experiments should be performed.

  18. A review of the remote sensing of lower-tropospheric thermodynamic profiles and its indispensable role for the understanding and the simulation of water and energy cycles

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wulfmeyer, Volker; Hardesty, Mike; Turner, David D.; Behrendt, Andreas; Cadeddu, Maria; Di Girolamo, Paolo; Schlüssel, Peter; van Baelen, Joël; Zus, Florian

    2015-07-08

    A review of remote sensing technology for lower-tropospheric thermodynamic (TD) profiling is presented with focus on high accuracy and high temporal-vertical resolution. The contributions of these instruments to the understanding of the Earth system are assessed with respect to radiative transfer, land-surface-atmosphere feedback, convection initiation, and data assimilation. We demonstrate that for progress in weather and climate research, TD profilers are essential. These observational systems must resolve gradients of humidity and temperature in the stable or unstable atmospheric surface layer close to the ground, in the mixed layer, in the interfacial layer – usually characterized by an inversion – andmore »the lower troposphere. A thorough analysis of the current observing systems is performed revealing significant gaps that must be addressed to fulfill existing needs. We analyze whether current and future passive and active remote sensing systems can close these gaps. A methodological analysis and demonstration of measurement capabilities with respect to bias and precision is executed both for passive and active remote sensing including passive infrared and microwave spectroscopy, the global positioning system as well as water-vapor and temperature Raman lidar and water-vapor differential absorption lidar. Whereas passive remote sensing systems are already mature with respect to operational applications, active remote sensing systems require further engineering to become operational in networks. However, active remote sensing systems provide a smaller bias as well as higher temporal and vertical resolutions. For a suitable mesoscale network design, TD profiler system developments should be intensified and dedicated observing system simulation experiments should be performed.« less

  19. ON-ROAD REMOTE SENSING OF CO AND HC EMISSIONS IN CALIFORNIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    1994. v #12;vi #12;ABSTRACT The University of Denver remote sensor for on-road measurement of motor vehicle carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions was used for 30 days in California in 1991 than 130,000 measurements, resulting in 91,679 records with emissions and vehicle information (from

  20. Nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and ammonia detector for remote sensing of vehicle emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    sulfur diesel fuel is less expensive due to reduced taxes and as such may be prone to illegal use in on-road November 2005; published online 18 January 2006 A remote sensor for measuring on-road vehicles passing of reducing sulfur in fuel for all mobile sources. This process begins with ultralow sulfur on-road diesel

  1. Lidar Remote Sensing of the Canopy Structure and Biophysical Properties of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lefsky, Michael

    infrequently measured, from either field or remote used in predictive equations generated by the stepwise Laboratory, Pacific exceeds 3 has been less successful (e.g., Sader et al., Northwest Research Station, Corvallis Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, primarily in the temperate and tropical

  2. A Taylor & Francis Journal: International Journal of Remote Sensings-E... http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/boards/tres-edbrd.asp 1 of 1 1/24/2005 5:21 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Ramesh P.

    A Taylor & Francis Journal: International Journal of Remote Sensings- E... http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals Listing Journals by Subject New Journals Advertising Copyright Transfer FAQs Customer Services Email Preview LibSite Books eBooks Editor-in-Chief: A. P. Cracknell - International Journal of Remote Sensing

  3. Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program: Atmospheric Remote Sensing and Assessment Program -- Final Report. Part 1: The lower atmosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tooman, T.P.

    1997-01-01

    This report documents work done between FY91 and FY95 for the lower atmospheric portion of the joint Department of Defense (DoD) and Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Remote Sensing and Assessment Program (ARSAP) within the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP). The work focused on (1) developing new measurement capabilities and (2) measuring atmospheric heating in a well-defined layer and then relating it to cloud properties an water vapor content. Seven new instruments were develop3ed for use with Unmanned Aerospace Vehicles (UAVs) as the host platform for flux, radiance, cloud, and water vapor measurements. Four major field campaigns were undertaken to use these new as well as existing instruments to make critically needed atmospheric measurements. Scientific results include the profiling of clear sky fluxes from near surface to 14 km and the strong indication of cloudy atmosphere absorption of solar radiation considerably greater than predicted by extant models.

  4. Remote sensing data exploiration for geologic characterization of difficult targets : Laboratory Directed Research and Development project 38703 final report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Costin, Laurence S.; Walker, Charles A.; Lappin, Allen R.; Hayat, Majeed M. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Ford, Bridget K.; Paskaleva, Biliana (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Moya, Mary M.; Mercier, Jeffrey Alan (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Stormont, John C. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Smith, Jody Lynn

    2003-09-01

    Characterizing the geology, geotechnical aspects, and rock properties of deep underground facility sites can enhance targeting strategies for both nuclear and conventional weapons. This report describes the results of a study to investigate the utility of remote spectral sensing for augmenting the geological and geotechnical information provided by traditional methods. The project primarily considered novel exploitation methods for space-based sensors, which allow clandestine collection of data from denied sites. The investigation focused on developing and applying novel data analysis methods to estimate geologic and geotechnical characteristics in the vicinity of deep underground facilities. Two such methods, one for measuring thermal rock properties and one for classifying rock types, were explored in detail. Several other data exploitation techniques, developed under other projects, were also examined for their potential utility in geologic characterization.

  5. Master's thesis: "Wind speed measurements in an offshore wind farm by remote sensing: Comparison of radar satellite TerraSAR-X and ground-based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peinke, Joachim

    Master's thesis: "Wind speed measurements in an offshore wind farm by remote sensing: Comparison of the Offshore wind farm alpha ventus with 12 wind turbines, substation and met mast Fino1. Southerly winds cause (wake) caused by wind farms and especially for the interaction of large offshore wind farms, which can

  6. Using NASA Remote Sensing Data to Reduce Uncertainty of Land-Use Transitions in Global Carbon-Climate Models: Data Management Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Using NASA Remote Sensing Data to Reduce Uncertainty of Land-Use Transitions in Global Carbon University of Maryland The following Data Management Plan was part of the NASA ROSES 2012 Proposal Using NASA), as described below. We will follow all guidelines in the NASA Earth Science Data and Information Policy, along

  7. ERSDAC and Its ActivityERSDAC and Its ActivityERSDAC and Its Activity ERSDACERSDACEarth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Center, Tokyo, Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Exploration and Exploitation · Monitoring , Management of Agriculture(rice, wheat) and Forestry. · Disaster and Reflection Radiometer) - NASA, U.S. - CERESCERES ((Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System) MISRMISR) Remote Sensing Data Center Operation of ASTER "Ground Data System" (GDS) and PALSAR GDS · Production

  8. Onsrud, H.J., J. Johnson, and X. Lopez, "Protecting Personal Privacy in Using Geographic Information Systems", Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 1994, LX(9), 1083-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Onsrud, Harlan J.

    Personal Privacy in Using Geographic Information Systems Harlan J. Onsrud, Jeff P. Johnson and Xavier Lopez in such capabilities is being estimated in many billions of dollars. Geographic information systems Information Systems", Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 1994, LX(9), 1083- 1095 Protecting

  9. Final Report - Satellite Calibration and Verification of Remotely Sensed Cloud and Radiation Properties Using ARM UAV Data (February 28, 1995 - February 28, 1998)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minnis, Patrick

    1998-02-28

    The work proposed under this agreement was designed to validate and improve remote sensing of cloud and radiation properties in the atmosphere for climate studies with special emphasis on the use of satellites for monitoring these parameters to further the goals of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program.

  10. Remote-sensing GIS based investigations of coal fires in northern China; global monitoring to support the estimation of CO2 emissions from spontaneous combustion of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the development of coal fires (Figure 1) are: (1) the type of coal. Its vulnerability to spontaneous combustionRemote-sensing GIS based investigations of coal fires in northern China; global monitoring to support the estimation of CO2 emissions from spontaneous combustion of coal Freek van der Meer, Paul van

  11. 1 Satellite remote sensing analysis of the 2010 Eyjafjallajokull 2 volcanic ash cloud over the North Sea during 418 May 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher, Sundar A.

    1 Satellite remote sensing analysis of the 2010 Eyjafjallajokull 2 volcanic ash cloud over) instrument, and BaE146 aircraft data sets, we provide an overview of 8 volcanic ash spatial distribution the North Sea. We describe spectral 10 signatures of volcanic ash, compare the MODIS-retrieved 550 nm

  12. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 45, NO. 3, MARCH 2007 621 A C-Band Wind/Rain Backscatter Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, David G.

    signature is altered by rain. Rain striking the water creates splash products including rings, stalksIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 45, NO. 3, MARCH 2007 621 A C-Band Wind/Rain--With the confirmed evidence of rain surface pertur- bation in recent studies, the rain effects on C

  13. IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. 5, NO. 1, JANUARY 2008 113 A Data-Mining Approach for the Validation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vucetic, Slobodan

    from natural and man-made sources that both reflect and absorb incoming solar radiation. One on the Earth's radiation budget [1]. There are two major types of instruments that collect aerosol dataIEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. 5, NO. 1, JANUARY 2008 113 A Data-Mining Approach

  14. Vehicle Tracking Through the Exploitation of Remote Sensing and LWIR Polarization Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krim, Hamid

    , polarimetric, infrared, tracking, feature-aided, fusion, multi- sensor 1. INTRODUCTION Polarimetry information. Particularly, a video sequence is evaluated in the layered sensing framework. The target area is surveyed by two sensors operating across two different modalities: a LWIR polarized sensor and a LWIR sensor. We

  15. Remote Sensing Survey of the Coso Geothermal Area Inyo County California |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-b <Refurbished Projects WindEnergyWestern UsAs

  16. Remote sensing survey of the Coso geothermal area, Inyo county, California.

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-b <Refurbished Projects WindEnergyWesternTechnical

  17. Remote Sensing J.E.M. Goldsmith, M. Lapp, and S. E. Bisson Sandia National Laboratories

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100 Winners *ReindustrializationEnergy Remote AlaskanJ.E.M. Goldsmith, M.

  18. Remote Sensing Observations from MTI Satellites and GMS Over Tropical Island of Nauru

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100 Winners *ReindustrializationEnergy Remote AlaskanJ.E.M. Goldsmith,

  19. Remote Sensing of Cirrus Particle Size Vertical Profile Using 1.38 μm

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100 Winners *ReindustrializationEnergy Remote AlaskanJ.E.M. Goldsmith,R.

  20. Structural Analysis for Gold Mineralization Using Remote Sensing and Geochemical Techniques in a GIS Environment: Island of Lesvos, Hellas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rokos, D. Argialas, D. Mavrantza, R. St Seymour, K.; Vamvoukakis, C.; Kouli, M.; Lamera, S.; Paraskevas, H.; Karfakis, I.; Denes, G

    2000-12-15

    Exploration for epithermal Au has been active lately in the Aegean Sea of the eastern Mediterranean Basin, both in the islands of the Quaternary arc and in those of the back-arc region. The purpose of this study was the structural mapping and analysis for a preliminary investigation of possible epithermal gold mineralization, using remotely sensed data and techniques, structural and field data, and geochemical information, for a specific area on the Island of Lesvos. Therefore, Landsat-TM and SPOT-Pan satellite images and the Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the study area were processed digitally using spatial filtering techniques for the enhancement and recognition of the geologically significant lineaments, as well as algebraic operations with band ratios and Principal Component Analysis (PCA), for the identification of alteration zones. Statistical rose diagrams and a SCHMIDT projection Stereo Net were generated from the lineament maps and the collected field data (dip and strike measurements of faults, joints, and veins), respectively. The derived lineament map and the band ratio images were manipulated in a GIS environment, in order to study the relation of the tectonic pattern to both the alteration zoning and the geomorphology of the volcanic field of the study area. Target areas of high interest for possible mineralization also were specified using geochemical techniques, such as X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis, trace-element, and fluid-inclusion analysis. Finally, preliminary conclusions were derived about possible mineralization, the type (high or low sulfidation), and the extent of mineralization, by combining the structural information with geochemical information.

  1. Penetration of UV-visible solar radiation in the global oceans: Insights from ocean color remote sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Penetration of UV-visible solar radiation in the global oceans: Insights from ocean color remote 2013. [1] Penetration of solar radiation in the ocean is determined by the attenuation coefficient (Kd indicated that the penetration of the blue-green radiation for most oceanic waters is $30­40% deeper than

  2. Integrating Remote Sensing, Field Observations, and Models to Understand Disturbance and Climate Effects on the Carbon Balance of the West Coast U.S.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, Warren

    2014-07-03

    As an element of NACP research, the proposed investigation is a two pronged approach that derives and evaluates a regional carbon (C) budget for Oregon, Washington, and California. Objectives are (1) Use multiple data sources, including AmeriFlux data, inventories, and multispectral remote sensing data to investigate trends in carbon storage and exchanges of CO2 and water with variation in climate and disturbance history; (2) Develop and apply regional modeling that relies on these multiple data sources to reduce uncertainty in spatial estimates of carbon storage and NEP, and relative contributions of terrestrial ecosystems and anthropogenic emissions to atmospheric CO2 in the region; (3) Model terrestrial carbon processes across the region, using the Biome-BGC terrestrial ecosystem model, and an atmospheric inverse modeling approach to estimate variation in rate and timing of terrestrial uptake and feedbacks to the atmosphere in response to climate and disturbance.

  3. Integrating Remote Sensing, Field Observations, and Models to Understand Disturbance and Climate Effects on the Carbon Balance of the West Coast U.S., Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beverly E. Law

    2011-10-05

    As an element of NACP research, the proposed investigation is a two pronged approach that derives and evaluates a regional carbon (C) budget for Oregon, Washington, and California. Objectives are (1) Use multiple data sources, including AmeriFlux data, inventories, and multispectral remote sensing data to investigate trends in carbon storage and exchanges of CO2 and water with variation in climate and disturbance history; (2) Develop and apply regional modeling that relies on these multiple data sources to reduce uncertainty in spatial estimates of carbon storage and NEP, and relative contributions of terrestrial ecosystems and anthropogenic emissions to atmospheric CO2 in the region; (3) Model terrestrial carbon processes across the region, using the Biome-BGC terrestrial ecosystem model, and an atmospheric inverse modeling approach to estimate variation in rate and timing of terrestrial uptake and feedbacks to the atmosphere in response to climate and disturbance.

  4. Low-altitude remote sensing dataset of DEM and RGB mosaic for AB corridor on July 13 2013 and L2 corridor on July 21 2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Baptiste Dafflon

    Low-altitude remote sensing dataset including DEM and RGB mosaic for AB (July 13 2013) and L2 corridor (July 21 2013).Processing flowchart for each corridor:Ground control points (GCP, 20.3 cm square white targets, every 20 m) surveyed with RTK GPS. Acquisition of RGB pictures using a Kite-based platform. Structure from Motion based reconstruction using hundreds of pictures and GCP coordinates. Export of DEM and RGB mosaic in geotiff format (NAD 83, 2012 geoid, UTM zone 4 north) with pixel resolution of about 2 cm, and x,y,z accuracy in centimeter range (less than 10 cm). High-accuracy and high-resolution inside GCPs zone for L2 corridor (500x20m), AB corridor (500x40) DEM will be updated once all GCPs will be measured. Only zones between GCPs are accurate although all the mosaic is provided.

  5. Low-altitude remote sensing dataset of DEM and RGB mosaic for AB corridor on July 13 2013 and L2 corridor on July 21 2013

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Baptiste Dafflon

    2015-04-07

    Low-altitude remote sensing dataset including DEM and RGB mosaic for AB (July 13 2013) and L2 corridor (July 21 2013).Processing flowchart for each corridor:Ground control points (GCP, 20.3 cm square white targets, every 20 m) surveyed with RTK GPS. Acquisition of RGB pictures using a Kite-based platform. Structure from Motion based reconstruction using hundreds of pictures and GCP coordinates. Export of DEM and RGB mosaic in geotiff format (NAD 83, 2012 geoid, UTM zone 4 north) with pixel resolution of about 2 cm, and x,y,z accuracy in centimeter range (less than 10 cm). High-accuracy and high-resolution inside GCPs zone for L2 corridor (500x20m), AB corridor (500x40) DEM will be updated once all GCPs will be measured. Only zones between GCPs are accurate although all the mosaic is provided.

  6. Mini-lidar sensor for the remote stand-off sensing of chemical/biological substances and method for sensing same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ray, Mark D.; Sedlacek, Arthur J.

    2003-08-19

    A method and apparatus for remote, stand-off, and high efficiency spectroscopic detection of biological and chemical substances. The apparatus including an optical beam transmitter which transmits a beam having an axis of transmission to a target, the beam comprising at least a laser emission. An optical detector having an optical detection path to the target is provided for gathering optical information. The optical detection path has an axis of optical detection. A beam alignment device fixes the transmitter proximal to the detector and directs the beam to the target along the optical detection path such that the axis of transmission is within the optical detection path. Optical information gathered by the optical detector is analyzed by an analyzer which is operatively connected to the detector.

  7. Synthesis of Remote Sensing and Field Observations to Model and Understand Disturbance and Climate Effects on the Carbon Balance of Oregon & Northern California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beverly Law; David Turner; Warren Cohen; Mathias Goeckede

    2008-05-22

    The goal is to quantify and explain the carbon (C) budget for Oregon and N. California. The research compares "bottom -up" and "top-down" methods, and develops prototype analytical systems for regional analysis of the carbon balance that are potentially applicable to other continental regions, and that can be used to explore climate, disturbance and land-use effects on the carbon cycle. Objectives are: 1) Improve, test and apply a bottom up approach that synthesizes a spatially nested hierarchy of observations (multispectral remote sensing, inventories, flux and extensive sites), and the Biome-BGC model to quantify the C balance across the region; 2) Improve, test and apply a top down approach for regional and global C flux modeling that uses a model-data fusion scheme (MODIS products, AmeriFlux, atmospheric CO2 concentration network), and a boundary layer model to estimate net ecosystem production (NEP) across the region and partition it among GPP, R(a) and R(h). 3) Provide critical understanding of the controls on regional C balance (how NEP and carbon stocks are influenced by disturbance from fire and management, land use, and interannual climate variation). The key science questions are, "What are the magnitudes and distributions of C sources and sinks on seasonal to decadal time scales, and what processes are controlling their dynamics? What are regional spatial and temporal variations of C sources and sinks? What are the errors and uncertainties in the data products and results (i.e., in situ observations, remote sensing, models)?

  8. Integrating Remote Sensing, Field Observations, and Models to Understand Disturbance and Climate Effects on the Carbon Balance of the West Coast U.S.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B.E. Law; D. Turner; M. Goeckede

    2010-06-01

    GOAL: To develop and apply an approach to quantify and understand the regional carbon balance of the west coast states for the North American Carbon Program. OBJECTIVE: As an element of NACP research, the proposed investigation is a two pronged approach that derives and evaluates a regional carbon (C) budget for Oregon, Washington, and California. Objectives are (1) Use multiple data sources, including AmeriFlux data, inventories, and multispectral remote sensing data to investigate trends in carbon storage and exchanges of CO2 and water with variation in climate and disturbance history; (2) Develop and apply regional modeling that relies on these multiple data sources to reduce uncertainty in spatial estimates of carbon storage and NEP, and relative contributions of terrestrial ecosystems and anthropogenic emissions to atmospheric CO2 in the region; (3) Model terrestrial carbon processes across the region, using the Biome-BGC terrestrial ecosystem model, and an atmospheric inverse modeling approach to estimate variation in rate and timing of terrestrial uptake and feedbacks to the atmosphere in response to climate and disturbance. APPROACH: In performing the regional analysis, the research plan for the bottom-up approach uses a nested hierarchy of observations that include AmeriFlux data (i.e., net ecosystem exchange (NEE) from eddy covariance and associated biometric data), intermediate intensity inventories from an extended plot array partially developed from the PI's previous research, Forest Service FIA and CVS inventory data, time since disturbance, disturbance type, and cover type from Landsat developed in this study, and productivity estimates from MODIS algorithms. The BIOME-BGC model is used to integrate information from these sources and quantify C balance across the region. The inverse modeling approach assimilates flux data from AmeriFlux sites, high precision CO2 concentration data from AmeriFlux towers and four new calibrated CO2 sites, reanalysis meteorology and various remote sensing products to generate statewide estimates of biosphere carbon exchange from the atmospheric point of view.

  9. Silicon Photonics for chemical sensing and spectroscopy, diagnosis and therapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hon, Kam Yan

    2012-01-01

    applications including remote sensing of chemical and biological agents and environmental monitoring [6]. Piezoelectric

  10. special focus: remote remote sensing grows up

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the individual device structures oe magazine - integration in 3d http://oemagazine.com/fromTheMagazine/apr01 cutting-edge accuracy integration in 3-D tutorial hitting the spot departments president's letter editor of all-optical networks. Second, integrating a variety of photonic devices on one substrate material

  11. Bio-optical profiling floats as new observational tools for biogeochemical and ecosystem studies: Potential synergies with ocean color remote sensing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Claustre, H.; Bishop, J.; Boss, E.; Bernard, S.; Berthon, J.-F.; Coatanoan, C.; Johnson, K.; Lotiker, A.; Ulloa, O.; Perry, M.J.; D'Ortenzio, F.; D'andon, O.H.F.; Uitz, J.

    2009-10-01

    Profiling floats now represent a mature technology. In parallel with their emergence, the field of miniature, low power bio-optical and biogeochemical sensors is rapidly evolving. Over recent years, the bio-geochemical and bio-optical community has begun to benefit from the increase in observational capacities by developing profiling floats that allow the measurement of key biooptical variables and subsequent products of biogeochemical and ecosystem relevance like Chlorophyll a (Chla), optical backscattering or attenuation coefficients which are proxies of Particulate Organic Carbon (POC), Colored Dissolved Organic Matter (CDOM). Thanks to recent algorithmic improvements, new bio-optical variables such as backscattering coefficient or absorption by CDOM, at present can also be extracted from space observations of ocean color. In the future, an intensification of in situ measurements by bio-optical profiling floats would permit the elaboration of unique 3D/4D bio-optical climatologies, linking surface (remotely detected) properties to their vertical distribution (measured by autonomous platforms), with which key questions in the role of the ocean in climate could be addressed. In this context, the objective of the IOCCG (International Ocean Color Coordinating Group) BIO-Argo working group is to elaborate recommendations in view of a future use of bio-optical profiling floats as part of a network that would include a global array that could be 'Argo-relevant', and specific arrays that would have more focused objectives or regional targets. The overall network, realizing true multi-scale sustained observations of global marine biogeochemistry and biooptics, should satisfy the requirements for validation of ocean color remote sensing as well as the needs of a wider community investigating the impact of global change on biogeochemical cycles and ecosystems. Regarding the global profiling float array, the recommendation is that Chla as well as POC should be the key variables to be systematically measured. A first target would be to implement 20% of the Argo floats with these measurements within a five-year term. The yearly additional cost is estimated to 1.5 M$, including additional management structure in each of the two Global Data Assembly Centers.

  12. Remote Detection of Quaternary Borate Deposits with ASTER Satellite...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Exploration Tool Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Remote Detection of Quaternary Borate Deposits with ASTER Satellite Imagery...

  13. Community Energy Planning A Resource Guide for Remote Communities...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Communities in Canada Jump to: navigation, search Name Community Energy Planning A Resource Guide for Remote Communities in Canada AgencyCompany Organization Natural Resources...

  14. Alternative Carriers For Remote Renewable Energy Sources Using...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alternative Carriers For Remote Renewable Energy Sources Using Existing Cng Infrastructure Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article:...

  15. Hydraulic jumps on an incline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean-Luc Thiffeault; Andrew Belmonte

    2010-09-01

    When a fluid jet strikes an inclined solid surface at normal incidence, gravity creates a flow pattern with a thick outer rim resembling a parabola and reminiscent of a hydraulic jump. There appears to be little theory or experiments describing simple aspects of this phenomenon, such as the maximum rise height of the fluid above the impact point, and its dependence on jet velocity and inclination angle. We address this with experiments, and present a simple theory based on horizontal hydraulic jumps which accounts for the rise height and its scaling, though without describing the shape of the parabolic envelope.

  16. Viscous Hydraulic Jumps Submitted by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, John W.M.

    Viscous Hydraulic Jumps Submitted by Jeffrey M. Aristoff, Jeffrey D. Leblanc, Annette E. Hosoi, and John W. M. Bush, Massachusetts Institute of Technology We examine the form of the viscous hydraulic of height 2­10 mm. Elegaard et al.1 first demonstrated that the axial symme- try of the viscous hydraulic

  17. Park Profiler/Jump Analyzer Practical method for determining terrain park jump performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Terrain Park jump safety as a rider/resort partnership II. USTPC criteria: Quantifying best practices in terrain park jump design III. "Park Profiler" - practical tool to measure TP jump IV. "Jump Analyzer of flying ... but, as Icarus leaned the hard way, there are risks. #12;Terrain Park Jump Safety Terrain park

  18. Numerical Study of a Turbulent Hydraulic Jump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Qun

    Numerical Study of a Turbulent Hydraulic Jump Qun Zhao, Shubhra Misra, Ib. A. Svendsen and James T of a Turbulent Hydraulic Jump ­ p.1/14 #12;Objective Our ultimate goal is to study the breaking waves. Numerical Study of a Turbulent Hydraulic Jump ­ p.2/14 #12;A moving bore Qiantang Bore China (Courtesy of Dr J

  19. RIDGE JUMP PROCESS IN ICELAND Sebastian GARCIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 RIDGE JUMP PROCESS IN ICELAND Sebastian GARCIA Freie Universität Berlin ­ Department of Geologie, sgarcia@zedat.fu-berlin.de Abstract Eastward ridge jumps bring the volcanic zones of Iceland back pulses triggers these ridge jumps. One of them is occurring in Southern Iceland, whereas the exact

  20. Gamma radiological surveys of the Oak Ridge Reservation, Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant, and Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, 1990-1993, and overview of data processing and analysis by the Environmental Restoration Remote Sensing Program, Fiscal Year 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smyre, J.L.; Moll, B.W.; King, A.L.

    1996-06-01

    Three gamma radiological surveys have been conducted under auspices of the ER Remote Sensing Program: (1) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) (1992), (2) Clinch River (1992), and (3) Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS) (1993). In addition, the Remote Sensing Program has acquired the results of earlier surveys at Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) (1990) and PORTS (1990). These radiological surveys provide data for characterization and long-term monitoring of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) contamination areas since many of the radioactive materials processed or handled on the ORR, PGDP, and PORTS are direct gamma radiation emitters or have gamma emitting daughter radionuclides. High resolution airborne gamma radiation surveys require a helicopter outfitted with one or two detector pods, a computer-based data acquisition system, and an accurate navigational positioning system for relating collected data to ground location. Sensors measure the ground-level gamma energy spectrum in the 38 to 3,026 KeV range. Analysis can provide gamma emission strength in counts per second for either gross or total man-made gamma emissions. Gross count gamma radiation includes natural background radiation from terrestrial sources (radionuclides present in small amounts in the earth`s soil and bedrock), from radon gas, and from cosmic rays from outer space as well as radiation from man-made radionuclides. Man-made count gamma data include only the portion of the gross count that can be directly attributed to gamma rays from man-made radionuclides. Interpretation of the gamma energy spectra can make possible the determination of which specific radioisotopes contribute to the observed man-made gamma radiation, either as direct or as indirect (i.e., daughter) gamma energy from specific radionuclides (e.g., cesium-137, cobalt-60, uranium-238).

  1. Multiparameter Fiber Optic Sensing System for Monitoring Enhanced...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Multiparameter Fiber Optic Sensing System for Monitoring Enhanced Geothermal Systems Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title...

  2. Remote radiation dosimetry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Braunlich, Peter F. (Pullman, WA); Tetzlaff, Wolfgang (Pullman, WA); Hegland, Joel E. (Pullman, WA); Jones, Scott C. (Pullman, WA)

    1991-01-01

    Disclosed are methods and apparatus for remotely measuring radiation levels. Such are particularly useful for measuring relatively high levels or dosages of radiation being administered in radiation therapy. They are also useful for more general radiation level measurements where remote sensing from the remaining portions of the apparatus is desirable. The apparatus uses a beam generator, such as a laser beam, to provide a stimulating beam. The stimulating beam is preferably of wavelengths shorter than 6 microns, or more advantageously less than 2 microns. The stimulating beam is used to stimulate a remote luminescent sensor mounted in a probe which emits stored luminescent energy resulting from exposure of the sensor to ionizing radiation. The stimulating beam is communicated to the remote luminescent sensor via transmissive fiber which also preferably serves to return the emission from the luminescent sensor. The stimulating beam is advantageously split by a beam splitter to create a detector beam which is measured for power during a reading period during which the luminescent phosphor is read. The detected power is preferably used to control the beam generator to thus produce desired beam power during the reading period. The luminescent emission from the remote sensor is communicated to a suitable emission detector, preferably after filtering or other selective treatment to better isolate the luminescent emission.

  3. Remote radiation dosimetry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Braunlich, P.F.; Tetzlaff, W.; Hegland, J.E.; Jones, S.C.

    1991-03-12

    Disclosed are methods and apparatus for remotely measuring radiation levels. Such are particularly useful for measuring relatively high levels or dosages of radiation being administered in radiation therapy. They are also useful for more general radiation level measurements where remote sensing from the remaining portions of the apparatus is desirable. The apparatus uses a beam generator, such as a laser beam, to provide a stimulating beam. The stimulating beam is preferably of wavelengths shorter than 6 microns, or more advantageously less than 2 microns. The stimulating beam is used to stimulate a remote luminescent sensor mounted in a probe which emits stored luminescent energy resulting from exposure of the sensor to ionizing radiation. The stimulating beam is communicated to the remote luminescent sensor via a transmissive fiber which also preferably serves to return the emission from the luminescent sensor. The stimulating beam is advantageously split by a beam splitter to create a detector beam which is measured for power during a reading period during which the luminescent phosphor is read. The detected power is preferably used to control the beam generator to thus produce desired beam power during the reading period. The luminescent emission from the remote sensor is communicated to a suitable emission detector, preferably after filtering or other selective treatment to better isolate the luminescent emission. 8 figures.

  4. HORIZON SENSING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larry G. Stolarczyk

    2003-03-18

    With the aid of a DOE grant (No. DE-FC26-01NT41050), Stolar Research Corporation (Stolar) developed the Horizon Sensor (HS) to distinguish between the different layers of a coal seam. Mounted on mining machine cutter drums, HS units can detect or sense the horizon between the coal seam and the roof and floor rock, providing the opportunity to accurately mine the section of the seam most desired. HS also enables accurate cutting of minimum height if that is the operator's objective. Often when cutting is done out-of-seam, the head-positioning function facilitates a fixed mining height to minimize dilution. With this technology, miners can still be at a remote location, yet cut only the clean coal, resulting in a much more efficient overall process. The objectives of this project were to demonstrate the feasibility of horizon sensing on mining machines and demonstrate that Horizon Sensing can allow coal to be cut cleaner and more efficiently. Stolar's primary goal was to develop the Horizon Sensor (HS) into an enabling technology for full or partial automation or ''agile mining''. This technical innovation (R&D 100 Award Winner) is quickly demonstrating improvements in productivity and miner safety at several prominent coal mines in the United States. In addition, the HS system can enable the cutting of cleaner coal. Stolar has driven the HS program on the philosophy that cutting cleaner coal means burning cleaner coal. The sensor, located inches from the cutting bits, is based upon the physics principles of a Resonant Microstrip Patch Antenna (RMPA). When it is in proximity of the rock-coal interface, the RMPA impedance varies depending on the thickness of uncut coal. The impedance is measured by the computer-controlled electronics and then sent by radio waves to the mining machine. The worker at the machine can read the data via a Graphical User Interface, displaying a color-coded image of the coal being cut, and direct the machine appropriately. The Horizon Sensor program began development in 1998 and experienced three major design phases. The final version, termed HS-3, was commissioned in 2000 with the assistance of the DOE-Mining Industry of the Future program, commercialized in 2002, and has been used 14 times in 12 different mines within the United States. The Horizon Sensor has applications in both underground and surface mining operations. This technology is primarily used in the coal industry, but is also used to mine trona and potash. All horizon sensor components have Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) (United States) and IEC (International) certification. Horizon Sensing saves energy by maximizing cutting efficiency, cutting only desired material. This desired material is cleaner fuel, therefore reducing pollutants to the atmosphere when burned and burning more efficiently. Extracting only desired material increases productivity by reducing or eliminating the cleaning step after extraction. Additionally, this technology allows for deeper mining, resulting in more material gained from one location. The remote sensing tool allows workers to operate the machinery away from the hazards of cutting coal, including noise, breathing dust and gases, and coal and rock splintering and outbursts. The HS program has primarily revolved around the development of the technology. However, the end goal of the program has always been the commercialization of the technology and only within the last 2 years of the program has this goal been realized. Real-time horizon sensing on mining machines is becoming an industry tool. Detailed monitoring of system function, user experience, and mining benefits is ongoing.

  5. Bubble visualization in a simulated hydraulic jump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Witt, Adam; Shen, Lian

    2013-01-01

    This is a fluid dynamics video of two- and three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics simulations carried out at St. Anthony Falls Laboratory. A transient hydraulic jump is simulated using OpenFOAM, an open source numerical solver. A Volume of Fluid numerical method is employed with a realizable k-epsilon turbulence model. The goal of this research is to model the void fraction and bubble size in a transient hydraulic jump. This fluid dynamics video depicts the air entrainment characteristics and bubble behavior within a hydraulic jump of Froude number 4.82.

  6. JUMP DIFFUSION OPTION WITH TRANSACTION COSTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mocioalca, Oana

    JUMP DIFFUSION OPTION WITH TRANSACTION COSTS "non-systematic" risk, inclusive of transaction costs. We compute the total transac- tion costs and the turnover for different options, transaction costs, and revision intervals

  7. The hydraulic jump as a white hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. E. Volovik

    2005-10-21

    In the geometry of the circular hydraulic jump, the velocity of the liquid in the interior region exceeds the speed of capillary-gravity waves (ripplons), whose spectrum is `relativistic' in the shallow water limit. The velocity flow is radial and outward, and thus the relativistic ripplons cannot propagating into the interior region. In terms of the effective 2+1 dimensional Painleve-Gullstrand metric appropriate for the propagating ripplons, the interior region imitates the white hole. The hydraulic jump represents the physical singularity at the white-hole horizon. The instability of the vacuum in the ergoregion inside the circular hydraulic jump and its observation in recent experiments on superfluid 4He by E. Rolley, C. Guthmann, M.S. Pettersen and C. Chevallier in physics/0508200 are discussed.

  8. The hydraulic jump as a white whole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volovik, G E

    2005-01-01

    In the geometry of the circular hydraulic jump, the velocity of the liquid in the interior region exceeds the speed of capillary-gravity waves (ripplons), whose spectrum is `relativistic' in the shallow water limit. The velocity flow is radial and outward, and thus the relativistic ripplons cannot propagating into the interior region. In terms of the effective 2+1 dimensional Painleve-Gullstrand metric appropriate for the propagating ripplons, the interior region imitates the `white-hole'. The hydraulic jump represents the physical singularity at the white-hole horizon. The instability of the vacuum in the ergoregion inside the circular hydraulic jump and its observation in recent experiments on superfluid 4He by E. Rolley, C. Guthmann, M.S. Pettersen and C. Chevallier in physics/0508200 are discussed.

  9. A Model For Polygonal Hydraulic Jumps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martens, Erik A; Bohr, Tomas

    2011-01-01

    We propose a phenomenological model for the polygonal hydraulic jumps discovered by Ellegaard et al., based on the known flow structure for the type II hydraulic jumps with a "roller" (separation eddy) near the free surface in the jump region. The model consists of mass conservation and radial force balance between hydrostatic pressure and viscous stresses on the roller surface. In addition, we consider the azimuthal force balance, primarily between pressure and viscosity, but also including non-hydrostatic pressure contributions from surface tension in light of recent observations by Bush et al. The model can be analyzed by linearization around the circular state, resulting in a parameter relationship for nearly circular polygonal states. A truncated, but fully nonlinear version of the model can be solved analytically. This simpler model gives rise to polygonal shapes that are very similar to those observed in experiments, even though surface tension is neglected, and the condition for the existence of a pol...

  10. Load sensing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sohns, Carl W. (Oak Ridge, TN); Nodine, Robert N. (Knoxville, TN); Wallace, Steven Allen (Knoxville, TN)

    1999-01-01

    A load sensing system inexpensively monitors the weight and temperature of stored nuclear material for long periods of time in widely variable environments. The system can include an electrostatic load cell that encodes weight and temperature into a digital signal which is sent to a remote monitor via a coaxial cable. The same cable is used to supply the load cell with power. When multiple load cells are used, vast

  11. Thermal Imaging of Canals for Remote Detection of Leaks: Evaluation in the United Irrigation District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yanbo; Fipps, Guy

    2008-01-01

    airborne multispectral remote sensing to determine leakage from rural aqueducts. Daedalus AADS 1268 Airborne Thematic Mapper (ATM) multispectral scanner remotely sensed data were obtained over the Vyrnwy Aqueduct, North West England. True color aerial... areas are similar to our project for water saving in the LRGV. Ray D. Jackson surveyed airplane and satellite remote sensing for farm management in 1984. This survey pointed out that early flights with multispectral scanners over agricultural...

  12. An Overview of the Use of Remote Embedded Sensors for Audio Acquisition and Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Girod, Lewis; Roch, Marie A

    2006-01-01

    Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems (SenSys05),LEAP) embedded networked sensor system. In IPSN ’06:building a remote embedded sensing system. In practice, many

  13. Remote sensor response study in the regime of the microwave radiation-induced magnetoresistance oscillations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ye, Tianyu; Mani, R. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303 (United States); Wegscheider, W. [Laboratorium für Festkörperphysik, ETH Zürich, 8093 Zürich (Switzerland)] [Laboratorium für Festkörperphysik, ETH Zürich, 8093 Zürich (Switzerland)

    2013-11-04

    A concurrent remote sensing and magneto-transport study of the microwave excited two dimensional electron system (2DES) at liquid helium temperatures has been carried out using a carbon detector to remotely sense the microwave activity of the 2D electron system in the GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure during conventional magneto-transport measurements. Various correlations are observed and reported between the oscillatory magnetotransport and the remotely sensed reflection. In addition, the oscillatory remotely sensed signal is shown to exhibit a power law type variation in its amplitude, similar to the radiation-induced magnetoresistance oscillations.

  14. Remote Access

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-RichProtonAbout UsRegionalScientific andRemote Access Remote

  15. Remote Connections

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-RichProtonAbout UsRegionalScientific andRemote AccessRemote

  16. Remote Sensing the Ocean Sarah Gille

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandwell, David T.

    ×1021 J in 50 years = 50 TW) roughly quadru- ple current energy usage by people (13 TW). #12;Global ocean- ple current energy usage by people (13 TW). · Energy added to top 700 m of ocean equivalent to about 2 Radiation http://www.uwsp.edu/geo/faculty/ritter/geog101/textbook/energy/global patterns of heat transfer

  17. Remote Sensing ISSN 2072-4292

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myneni, Ranga B.

    -Southern Oscillation EOS Earth Observing System ESM Earth System Models FFNN Feed-Forward Neural Network FPAR Fraction://lpvs.gsfc.nasa.gov/lai_in--tercomp.php. S2. Earth System Model LAI Simulations We used LAI simulated by 18 Earth System Models (Figure 7

  18. Radar remote sensing of the lower atmosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karimian, Ali

    2012-01-01

    Kerr, Propagation of short radio waves. McGraw-Hill, 1951. [86] A. Kukushkin, Radio wave propagation in the marine1-1990 [108] R. Janaswamy, “Radio wave propagation over a

  19. Aerosol Retrieval Using Remote-sensed Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yueqing

    2012-01-01

    4.1.2 Baltimore and the DRAGONaround Baltimore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1.4component aerosol 1 for Baltimore-Washington region on June

  20. Remote Sensing for Water Quality Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Processing and Product Development Mark Dowell/Burt Jones/Soo Chin Liew 4. What can be delivered vs. What Dowell/Burt Jones/Soo Chin Liew 4. What can be delivered vs. What should be delivered? Arnold Dekker

  1. Remote Sensing: A New Tool For Automobile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    to assess the mass of pollutants per gallon of fuel emitted by a passing car. Once an emissions scofflaw so sophisticated that individual cars in heavy traffic can be measured, thus reducing emissions that noticed something wrong with their emissions. Only the drivers driving the illegally polluting cars would

  2. IMPROVED BIOMASS UTILIZATION THROUGH REMOTE FLOW SENSING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Washington University- St. Louis:; ,; Muthanna Al-Dahhan; E-mail: muthanna@wustl.edu; ,; Rajneesh Varma; Khursheed Karim; Mehul Vesvikar; Rebecca Hoffman; ,; Oak Ridge National Laboratory:; ,; David Depaoli,; Email: depaolidw@ornl.gov; ,; Thomas Klasson; Alan L. Wintenberg; Charles W Alexander; Lloyd Clonts; ,; Iowa Energy Center; ,; ,; Norm Olson; Email: nolson@energy.iastate.edu

    2007-03-26

    The growth of the livestock industry provides a valuable source of affordable, sustainable, and renewable bioenergy, while also requiring the safe disposal of the large quantities of animal wastes (manure) generated at dairy, swine, and poultry farms. If these biomass resources are mishandled and underutilized, major environmental problems will be created, such as surface and ground water contamination, odors, dust, ammonia leaching, and methane emission. Anaerobic digestion of animal wastes, in which microorganisms break down organic materials in the absence of oxygen, is one of the most promising waste treatment technologies. This process produces biogas typically containing {approx}65% methane and {approx}35% carbon dioxide. The production of biogas through anaerobic digestion from animal wastes, landfills, and municipal waste water treatment plants represents a large source of renewable and sustainable bio-fuel. Such bio-fuel can be combusted directly, used in internal combustion engines, converted into methanol, or partially oxidized to produce synthesis gas (a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide) that can be converted to clean liquid fuels and chemicals via Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. Different design and mixing configurations of anaerobic digesters for treating cow manure have been utilized commercially and/or tested on a laboratory scale. These digesters include mechanically mixed, gas recirculation mixed, and slurry recirculation mixed designs, as well as covered lagoon digesters. Mixing is an important parameter for successful performance of anaerobic digesters. It enhances substrate contact with the microbial community; improves pH, temperature and substrate/microorganism uniformity; prevents stratification and scum accumulation; facilitates the removal of biogas from the digester; reduces or eliminates the formation of inactive zones (dead zones); prevents settling of biomass and inert solids; and aids in particle size reduction. Unfortunately, information and findings in the literature on the effect of mixing on anaerobic digestion are contradictory. One reason is the lack of measurement techniques for opaque systems such as digesters. Better understanding of the mixing and hydrodynamics of digesters will result in appropriate design, configuration selection, scale-up, and performance, which will ultimately enable avoiding digester failures. Accordingly, this project sought to advance the fundamental knowledge and understanding of the design, scale up, operation, and performance of cow manure anaerobic digesters with high solids loading. The project systematically studied parameters affecting cow manure anaerobic digestion performance, in different configurations and sizes by implementing computer automated radioactive particle tracking (CARPT), computed tomography (CT), and computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and by developing novel multiple-particle CARPT (MP-CARPT) and dual source CT (DSCT) techniques. The accomplishments of the project were achieved in a collaborative effort among Washington University, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and the Iowa Energy Center teams. The following investigations and achievements were accomplished: Systematic studies of anaerobic digesters performance and kinetics using various configurations, modes of mixing, and scales (laboratory, pilot plant, and commercial sizes) were conducted and are discussed in Chapter 2. It was found that mixing significantly affected the performance of the pilot plant scale digester ({approx}97 liter). The detailed mixing and hydrodynamics were investigated using computer automated radioactive particle tracking (CARPT) techniques, and are discussed in Chapter 3. A novel multiple particle tracking technique (MP-CARPT) technique that can track simultaneously up to 8 particles was developed, tested, validated, and implemented. Phase distribution was investigated using gamma ray computer tomography (CT) techniques, which are discussed in Chapter 4. A novel dual source CT (DSCT) technique was developed to measure the phase distribution of dyn

  3. NASA Remote Sensing Validation Data: Saudi Arabia

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Myers, Daryl R. [NREL; Al-Abbadi, Naif [King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Energy Research Institite; Wilcox, Steve [NREL

    Since 1995, the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have co-operated to establish a 12 station network of high quality solar radiation monitoring installations across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. NREL and KACST realized the value of accurate surface solar radiation flux measurements for validation of satellite derived surface and atmospheric solar radiation flux measurements, and is making this data available to support validation of satellite data products related to the NASA Mission to Planet Earth component of the Earth Science Enterprise Earth Observing System (EOS) project to evaluate long term climate trends based on measuements from EOS Terra Platforms. A CIMEL 8 channel sunphotometer for measuring aerosol optical depth at 6 wavelengths and total column water has been deployed at the Solar Village station since February 24, 1999. [Taken from http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/new_data/Saudi_Arabia/

  4. MSc Remote Sensing The leading degree for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    essential mathematical theory and practical techniques for image processing and geographic information of applications. Core module: Analytical and Numerical Methods Introduces a range of analytical, numerical estimation, Monte Carlo techniques. Core module: Scientific Computing Introduces students to the particular

  5. Aerosol remote sensing in polar regions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tomasi, Claudio; Kokhanovsky, Alexander A.; Lupi, Angelo; Ritter, Christoph; Smirnov, Alexander; O'Neill, Norman T.; Stone, Robert S.; Holben, Brent N.; Nyeki, Stephan; Wehrli, Christoph; et al

    2015-01-01

    Multi-year sets of ground-based sun-photometer measurements conducted at 12 Arctic sites and 9 Antarctic sites were examined to determine daily mean values of aerosol optical thickness ?(?) at visible and near-infrared wavelengths, from which best-fit values of Ångström's exponent ? were calculated. Analysing these data, the monthly mean values of ?(0.50 ?m) and ? and the relative frequency histograms of the daily mean values of both parameters were determined for winter–spring and summer–autumn in the Arctic and for austral summer in Antarctica. The Arctic and Antarctic covariance plots of the seasonal median values of ? versus ?(0.50 ?m) showed: (i)more »a considerable increase in ?(0.50 ?m) for the Arctic aerosol from summer to winter–spring, without marked changes in ?; and (ii) a marked increase in ?(0.50 ?m) passing from the Antarctic Plateau to coastal sites, whereas ? decreased considerably due to the larger fraction of sea-salt aerosol. Good agreement was found when comparing ground-based sun-photometer measurements of ?(?) and ? at Arctic and Antarctic coastal sites with Microtops measurements conducted during numerous AERONET/MAN cruises from 2006 to 2013 in three Arctic Ocean sectors and in coastal and off-shore regions of the Southern Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, and the Antarctic Peninsula. Lidar measurements were also examined to characterise vertical profiles of the aerosol backscattering coefficient measured throughout the year at Ny-Ålesund. Satellite-based MODIS, MISR, and AATSR retrievals of ?(?) over large parts of the oceanic polar regions during spring and summer were in close agreement with ship-borne and coastal ground-based sun-photometer measurements. An overview of the chemical composition of mode particles is also presented, based on in-situ measurements at Arctic and Antarctic sites. Fourteen log-normal aerosol number size-distributions were defined to represent the average features of nuclei, accumulation and coarse mode particles for Arctic haze, summer background aerosol, Asian dust and boreal forest fire smoke, and for various background austral summer aerosol types at coastal and high-altitude Antarctic sites. The main columnar aerosol optical characteristics were determined for all 14 particle modes, based on in-situ measurements of the scattering and absorption coefficients. Diurnally averaged direct aerosol-induced radiative forcing and efficiency were calculated for a set of multimodal aerosol extinction models, using various Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function models over vegetation-covered, oceanic and snow-covered surfaces. These gave a reliable measure of the pronounced effects of aerosols on the radiation balance of the surface–atmosphere system over polar regions.« less

  6. Remotely Sensed Thermal Anomalies in western Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussein, Khalid

    2012-02-01

    Citation Information: Originator: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Publication Date: 2012 Title: Landsat Thermal Anomalies Western Edition: First Publication Information: Publication Place: Earth Science & Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), University of Colorado, Boulder Publisher: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Description: This layer contains the areas identified as areas of anomalous surface temperature from Landsat satellite imagery in Western Colorado. Data was obtained for two different dates. The digital numbers of each Landsat scene were converted to radiance and the temperature was calculated in degrees Kelvin and then converted to degrees Celsius for each land cover type using the emissivity of that cover type. And this process was repeated for each of the land cover types (open water, barren, deciduous forest and evergreen forest, mixed forest, shrub/scrub, grassland/herbaceous, pasture hay, and cultivated crops). The temperature of each pixel within each scene was calculated using the thermal band. In order to calculate the temperature an average emissivity value was used for each land cover type within each scene. The NLCD 2001 land cover classification raster data of the zones that cover Colorado were downloaded from USGS site and used to identify the land cover types within each scene. Areas that had temperature residual greater than 2?, and areas with temperature equal to 1? to 2?, were considered Landsat modeled very warm and warm surface exposures (thermal anomalies), respectively Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4546381.234113 m Left: 140556.857021 m Right: 573390.000000 m Bottom: 4094583.641581 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Contact Person: Khalid Hussein Address: CIRES, Ekeley Building Earth Science & Observation Center (ESOC) 216 UCB City: Boulder State: CO Postal Code: 80309-0216 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 303-492-6782 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System ’1984 (WGS ’1984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file

  7. Red squirrel habitat mapping using remote sensing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flaherty, Silvia Susana

    2013-07-01

    The native Eurasian red squirrel is considered endangered in the UK and is under strict legal protection. Long-term management of its habitat is a key goal of the UK conservation strategy. Current selection criteria of ...

  8. Aerosol remote sensing in polar regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tomasi, Claudio; Kokhanovsky, Alexander A.; Lupi, Angelo; Ritter, Christoph; Smirnov, Alexander; O'Neill, Norman T.; Stone, Robert S.; Holben, Brent N.; Nyeki, Stephan; Mazzola, Mauro; Lanconelli, Christian; Vitale, Vito; Stebel, Kerstin; Aaltonen, Veijo; de Leeuw, Gerrit; Rodriguez, Edith; Herber, Andreas B.; Radionov, Vladimir F.; Zielinski, Tymon; Petelski, Tomasz; Sakerin, Sergey M.; Kabanov, Dmitry M.; Xue, Yong; Mei, Linlu; Istomina, Larysa; Wagener, Richard; McArthur, Bruce; Sobolewski, Piotr S.; Kivi, Rigel; Courcoux, Yann; Larouche, Pierre; Broccardo, Stephen; Piketh, Stuart J.

    2015-01-01

    Multi-year sets of ground-based sun-photometer measurements conducted at 12 Arctic sites and 9 Antarctic sites were examined to determine daily mean values of aerosol optical thickness ?(?) at visible and near-infrared wavelengths, from which best-fit values of Ångström's exponent ? were calculated. Analysing these data, the monthly mean values of ?(0.50 ?m) and ? and the relative frequency histograms of the daily mean values of both parameters were determined for winter–spring and summer–autumn in the Arctic and for austral summer in Antarctica. The Arctic and Antarctic covariance plots of the seasonal median values of ? versus ?(0.50 ?m) showed: (i) a considerable increase in ?(0.50 ?m) for the Arctic aerosol from summer to winter–spring, without marked changes in ?; and (ii) a marked increase in ?(0.50 ?m) passing from the Antarctic Plateau to coastal sites, whereas ? decreased considerably due to the larger fraction of sea-salt aerosol. Good agreement was found when comparing ground-based sun-photometer measurements of ?(?) and ? at Arctic and Antarctic coastal sites with Microtops measurements conducted during numerous AERONET/MAN cruises from 2006 to 2013 in three Arctic Ocean sectors and in coastal and off-shore regions of the Southern Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, and the Antarctic Peninsula. Lidar measurements were also examined to characterise vertical profiles of the aerosol backscattering coefficient measured throughout the year at Ny-Ålesund. Satellite-based MODIS, MISR, and AATSR retrievals of ?(?) over large parts of the oceanic polar regions during spring and summer were in close agreement with ship-borne and coastal ground-based sun-photometer measurements. An overview of the chemical composition of mode particles is also presented, based on in-situ measurements at Arctic and Antarctic sites. Fourteen log-normal aerosol number size-distributions were defined to represent the average features of nuclei, accumulation and coarse mode particles for Arctic haze, summer background aerosol, Asian dust and boreal forest fire smoke, and for various background austral summer aerosol types at coastal and high-altitude Antarctic sites. The main columnar aerosol optical characteristics were determined for all 14 particle modes, based on in-situ measurements of the scattering and absorption coefficients. Diurnally averaged direct aerosol-induced radiative forcing and efficiency were calculated for a set of multimodal aerosol extinction models, using various Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function models over vegetation-covered, oceanic and snow-covered surfaces. These gave a reliable measure of the pronounced effects of aerosols on the radiation balance of the surface–atmosphere system over polar regions.

  9. Remote Sensing Techniques | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/Colorado

  10. Space and Remote Sensing (ISR-2)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C. TemperatureThousand CubicArchived1 Space Science2 Space

  11. Hydraulic/Shock-Jumps in Protoplanetary Disks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. C. Boley; R. H. Durisen

    2006-03-10

    In this paper, we describe the nonlinear outcome of spiral shocks in protoplanetary disks. Spiral shocks, for most protoplanetary disk conditions, create a loss of vertical force balance in the post-shock region and result in rapid expansion of the gas perpendicular to the disk midplane. This expansion has characteristics similar to hydraulic jumps, which occur in incompressible fluids. We present a theory to describe the behavior of these hybrids between shocks and hydraulic jumps (shock bores) and then compare the theory to three-dimensional hydrodynamics simulations. We discuss the fully three-dimensional shock structures that shock bores produce and discuss possible consequences for disk mixing, turbulence, and evolution of solids.

  12. Does the side jump effect exist?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sushkov, O P; Mori, M; Maekawa, S

    2012-01-01

    The side-jump effect is a manifestation of the spin orbit interaction in electron scattering from an atom/ion/impurity. The effect has a broad interest because of its conceptual importance for generic spin-orbital physics, in particular the effect is widely discussed in spintronics. We reexamine the effect accounting for the exact nonperturbative electron wave function inside the atomic core. We find that value of the effect is much smaller than estimates accepted in literature. The reduction factor is 1/Z^2, where Z is the nucleus charge of the atom/impurity. This implies that the side-jump effect is practically irrelevant for spintronics, the skew scattering and/or the intrinsic mechanism always dominate the anomalous Hall and spin Hall effects.

  13. Remote estimation of carbon dioxide uptake by a Mediterranean forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbulsky, Martín

    Remote estimation of carbon dioxide uptake by a Mediterranean forest M A R T I´ N F. G A R B U L Science and Environment, University of Tuscia, 01100 Viterbo, Italy Abstract The estimation of the carbon of the ecology of global change. Current remote sensing methodologies for estimating gross primary productivity

  14. Jump-Diffusion Risk-Sensitive Asset Management II: Jump-Diffusion Factor Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Mark

    2011-01-01

    In this article we extend earlier work on the jump-diffusion risk-sensitive asset management problem [SIAM J. Fin. Math. (2011) 22-54] by allowing jumps in both the factor process and the asset prices, as well as stochastic volatility and investment constraints. In this case, the HJB equation is a partial integro-differential equation (PIDE). By combining viscosity solutions with a change of notation, a policy improvement argument and classical results on parabolic PDEs we prove that the HJB PIDE admits a unique smooth solution. A verification theorem concludes the resolution of this problem.

  15. Automated high pressure cell for pressure jump x-ray diffraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brooks, Nicholas J.; Gauthe, Beatrice L. L. E.; Templer, Richard H.; Ces, Oscar; Seddon, John M.; Terrill, Nick J.; Rogers, Sarah E.

    2010-06-15

    A high pressure cell for small and wide-angle x-ray diffraction measurements of soft condensed matter samples has been developed, incorporating a fully automated pressure generating network. The system allows both static and pressure jump measurements in the range of 0.1-500 MPa. Pressure jumps can be performed as quickly as 5 ms, both with increasing and decreasing pressures. Pressure is generated by a motorized high pressure pump, and the system is controlled remotely via a graphical user interface to allow operation by a broad user base, many of whom may have little previous experience of high pressure technology. Samples are loaded through a dedicated port allowing the x-ray windows to remain in place throughout an experiment; this facilitates accurate subtraction of background scattering. The system has been designed specifically for use at beamline I22 at the Diamond Light Source, United Kingdom, and has been fully integrated with the I22 beamline control systems.

  16. Electrowetting study of jumping droplets on hydrophobic surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tio, Evelyn

    2014-01-01

    Recent studies have shown that jumping-droplet-enhanced condensation has higher heat transfer than state-of-the-art dropwise condensing surfaces by -30-40%. Jumping-droplet condensation occurs due to the conversion of ...

  17. Load sensing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sohns, C.W.; Nodine, R.N.; Wallace, S.A.

    1999-05-04

    A load sensing system inexpensively monitors the weight and temperature of stored nuclear material for long periods of time in widely variable environments. The system can include an electrostatic load cell that encodes weight and temperature into a digital signal which is sent to a remote monitor via a coaxial cable. The same cable is used to supply the load cell with power. When multiple load cells are used, vast inventories of stored nuclear material can be continuously monitored and inventoried of minimal cost. 4 figs.

  18. Viscous Undular Hydraulic Jumps of Moderate Reynolds number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyamasundar, R.K.

    Viscous Undular Hydraulic Jumps of Moderate Reynolds number Ratul Dasgupta I will present some results on undular hydraulic jumps occurring in a two bores (in rivers), where the interface remains horizontal, the moderate Reynolds hydraulic jump shows a linear increase in height due to viscosity

  19. Lift-off dynamics in a simple jumping robot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeffrey Aguilar; Alex Lesov; Kurt Wiesenfeld; Daniel I. Goldman

    2012-08-30

    We study vertical jumping in a simple robot comprising an actuated mass-spring arrangement. The actuator frequency and phase are systematically varied to find optimal performance. Optimal jumps occur above and below (but not at) the robot's resonant frequency $f_0$. Two distinct jumping modes emerge: a simple jump which is optimal above $f_0$ is achievable with a squat maneuver, and a peculiar stutter jump which is optimal below $f_0$ is generated with a counter-movement. A simple dynamical model reveals how optimal lift-off results from non-resonant transient dynamics.

  20. PRSIG 9PRSIG 9--2929--0606 Quantitative Remote Sensing ofQuantitative Remote Sensing of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    InteractionsEnergy Interactions Incoming Solar Radiation Reduced by Absorption). Information Extraction Algorithms for HSI should take advantage of spatial and spectral information contained SeagrassSeagrass densitydensity Benthic habitat mapsBenthic habitat maps #12;PRSIG 2006PRSIG 2006 Energy

  1. 18 IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society Newsletter September 2011 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    and biogeochemical pro- cesses in Earth system models, which are necessary to under- stand and project climate change

  2. Geospatial Open Source & Remote SensingGeospatial Open Source & Remote Sensing Sponsored by:Sponsored by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    207207 College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, SeattleCollege of Forest Resources Archive for Humanitarian Demining" - Matthew Dunbar, PhD Candidate in Geography, University of Kansas

  3. Metamaterial based telemetric strain sensing in different materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demir, Hilmi Volkan

    .3918) Metamaterials; (280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors. References and links 1. A. Ghali, and R. Favre, Concrete nanostructures exhibiting a negative permeability," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(3), 037402 (2005). 7. V. M. Shalaev

  4. Grazing incidence angle based sensing approach integrated with fiber-optic Fourier transform infrared (FO-FTIR) spectroscopy for remote and label-free detection of medical device contaminations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hassan, Moinuddin Ilev, Ilko

    2014-10-15

    Contamination of medical devices has become a critical and prevalent public health safety concern since medical devices are being increasingly used in clinical practices for diagnostics, therapeutics and medical implants. The development of effective sensing methods for real-time detection of pathogenic contamination is needed to prevent and reduce the spread of infections to patients and the healthcare community. In this study, a hollow-core fiber-optic Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy methodology employing a grazing incidence angle based sensing approach (FO-FTIR-GIA) was developed for detection of various biochemical contaminants on medical device surfaces. We demonstrated the sensitivity of FO-FTIR-GIA sensing approach for non-contact and label-free detection of contaminants such as lipopolysaccharide from various surface materials relevant to medical device. The proposed sensing system can detect at a minimum loading concentration of approximately 0.7 ?g/cm{sup 2}. The FO-FTIR-GIA has the potential for the detection of unwanted pathogen in real time.

  5. Rapid deployable global sensing hazard alert system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cordaro, Joseph V; Tibrea, Steven L; Shull, Davis J; Coleman, Jerry T; Shuler, James M

    2015-04-28

    A rapid deployable global sensing hazard alert system and associated methods of operation are provided. An exemplary system includes a central command, a wireless backhaul network, and a remote monitoring unit. The remote monitoring unit can include a positioning system configured to determine a position of the remote monitoring unit based on one or more signals received from one or more satellites located in Low Earth Orbit. The wireless backhaul network can provide bidirectional communication capability independent of cellular telecommunication networks and the Internet. An exemplary method includes instructing at least one of a plurality of remote monitoring units to provide an alert based at least in part on a location of a hazard and a plurality of positions respectively associated with the plurality of remote monitoring units.

  6. Optimal Control of Standing Jump Movements Michael W. Koch, Sigrid Leyendecker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leyendecker, Sigrid

    Optimal Control of Standing Jump Movements Michael W. Koch, Sigrid Leyendecker Chair of Applied standing jumping movements, in particular, standing high jumps and standing long jumps are considered. The exemplary investigated jumps are restricted to standing jump movements. Historically, the standing high jump

  7. ISSN 1745-9648 Gasoline Prices Jump Up on Mondays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    ISSN 1745-9648 Gasoline Prices Jump Up on Mondays: an Outcome of Aggressive Competition? by Øystein Research Council is gratefully acknowledged. #12;Gasoline prices jump up on Mondays: An outcome, 2008 Abstract This paper examines Norwegian gasoline pump prices using daily station

  8. Hamilton-Jacobi equations with jumps: asymptotic stability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir Mahmood; Saima Parveen

    2009-09-05

    The asymptotic stability of a global solution satisfying Hamilton-Jacobi equations with jumps will be analyzed in dependence on the strong dissipativity of the jump control function and using orbits of the differentiable flows to describe the corresponding characteristic system.

  9. Radio frequency security system, method for a building facility or the like, and apparatus and methods for remotely monitoring the status of fire extinguishers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Runyon, Larry (Richland, WA); Gunter, Wayne M. (Richland, WA); Gilbert, Ronald W. (Gilroy, CA)

    2006-07-25

    A system for remotely monitoring the status of one or more fire extinguishers includes means for sensing at least one parameter of each of the fire extinguishers; means for selectively transmitting the sensed parameters along with information identifying the fire extinguishers from which the parameters were sensed; and means for receiving the sensed parameters and identifying information for the fire extinguisher or extinguishers at a common location. Other systems and methods for remotely monitoring the status of multiple fire extinguishers are also provided.

  10. Jumping-Droplet-Enhanced Condensation on Scalable Superhydrophobic Nanostructured Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miljkovic, Nenad

    When droplets coalesce on a superhydrophobic nanostructured surface, the resulting droplet can jump from the surface due to the release of excess surface energy. If designed properly, these superhydrophobic nanostructured ...

  11. Spontaneous azimuthal breakout and instability at the circular hydraulic jump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Arnab K; Basu, Abhik; Bhattacharjee, Jayanta K

    2015-01-01

    We consider a shallow, two-dimensional flow of a liquid in which the radial and the azimuthal dynamics are coupled to each other. The steady and radial background flow of this system creates an axially symmetric circular hydraulic jump. On this background we apply time-dependent perturbations of the matter flow rate and the azimuthal flow velocity, with the latter strongly localized at the hydraulic jump. The perturbed variables depend spatially on both the radial and azimuthal coordinates. Linearization of the perturbations gives a coupled system of wave equations. The characteristic equations extracted from these wave equations show that under a marginally stable condition a spontaneous breaking of axial symmetry occurs at the position of the hydraulic jump. Departure from the marginal stability shows further that a linear instability develops in the azimuthal direction, resulting in an azimuthal transport of liquid at the hydraulic jump. The time for the growth of azimuthal instability is scaled by viscosi...

  12. Gravity-free hydraulic jumps and metal femtocups

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rama Govindarajan; Manikandan Mathur; Ratul DasGupta; N. R. Selvi; Neena Susan John; G. U. Kulkarni

    2006-10-03

    Hydraulic jumps created by gravity are seen every day in the kitchen sink. We show that at small scales a circular hydraulic jump can be created in the absence of gravity, by surface tension. The theory is motivated by our experimental finding of a height discontinuity in spreading submicron molten metal droplets created by pulsed-laser ablation. By careful control of initial conditions, we show that this leads to solid femtolitre cups of gold, silver, copper, niobium and tin.

  13. Chemical Potential Jump during Evaporation of a Quantum Bose Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. A. Bedrikova; A. V. Latyshev

    2013-01-07

    The dependence of the chemical potential jump coefficient on the evaporation coefficient is analyzed for the case in which the evaporating component is a Bose gas. The concentration of the evaporating component is assumed to be much lower than the concentration of the carrier gas. The expression for the chemical potential jump is derived from the analytic solution of the problem for the case in which the collision frequency of molecules of the evaporating component is constant.

  14. Remote reset circuit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gritzo, Russell E. (West Melbourne, FL)

    1987-01-01

    A remote reset circuit acts as a stand-alone monitor and controller by clocking in each character sent by a terminal to a computer and comparing it to a given reference character. When a match occurs, the remote reset circuit activates the system's hardware reset line. The remote reset circuit is hardware based centered around monostable multivibrators and is unaffected by system crashes, partial serial transmissions, or power supply transients.

  15. Remote reset circuit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gritzo, R.E.

    1985-09-12

    A remote reset circuit acts as a stand-along monitor and controller by clocking in each character sent by a terminal to a computer and comparing it to a given reference character. When a match occurs, the remote reset circuit activates the system's hardware reset line. The remote reset circuit is hardware based centered around monostable multivibrators and is unaffected by system crashes, partial serial transmissions, or power supply transients. 4 figs.

  16. Remote Monitoring Transparency Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sukhoruchkin, V.K.; Shmelev, V.M.; Roumiantsev, A.N.; Croessmann, C.D.; Horton, R.D.; Matter, J.C.; Czajkowski, A.F.; Sheely, K.B.; Bieniawski, A.J.

    1996-12-31

    The objective of the Remote Monitoring Transparency Program is to evaluate and demonstrate the use of remote monitoring technologies to advance nonproliferation and transparency efforts that are currently being developed by Russia and the US without compromising the national security of the participating parties. Under a lab-to-lab transparency contract between Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and the Kurchatov Institute (KI RRC), the Kurchatov Institute will analyze technical and procedural aspects of the application of remote monitoring as a transparency measure to monitor inventories of direct-use HEU and plutonium (e.g., material recovered from dismantled nuclear weapons). A goal of this program is to assist a broad range of political and technical experts in learning more about remote monitoring technologies that could be used to implement nonproliferation, arms control, and other security and confidence building measures. Specifically, this program will: (1) begin integrating Russian technologies into remote monitoring systems; (2) develop remote monitoring procedures that will assist in the application of remote monitoring techniques to monitor inventories of HEU and Pu from dismantled nuclear weapons; and (3) conduct a workshop to review remote monitoring fundamentals, demonstrate an integrated US/Russian remote monitoring will have on the national security of participating countries.

  17. Remote Systems Design & Deployment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, Sharon A.; Baker, Carl P.; Valdez, Patrick LJ

    2009-08-28

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was tasked by Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) to provide information and lessons learned relating to the design, development and deployment of remote systems, particularly remote arm/manipulator systems. This report reflects PNNL’s experience with remote systems and lays out the most important activities that need to be completed to successfully design, build, deploy and operate remote systems in radioactive and chemically contaminated environments. It also contains lessons learned from PNNL’s work experiences, and the work of others in the national laboratory complex.

  18. Remote actuated valve implant

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McKnight, Timothy E; Johnson, Anthony; Moise, Jr., Kenneth J; Ericson, Milton Nance; Baba, Justin S; Wilgen, John B; Evans, III, Boyd McCutchen

    2014-02-25

    Valve implant systems positionable within a flow passage, the systems having an inlet, an outlet, and a remotely activatable valve between the inlet and outlet, with the valves being operable to provide intermittent occlusion of the flow path. A remote field is applied to provide thermal or magnetic activation of the valves.

  19. Vacuum Vessel Remote Handling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FIRE Vacuum Vessel and Remote Handling Overview B. Nelson, T. Burgess, T. Brown, H-M Fan, G. Jones #12;13 July 2002 Snowmass Review: FIRE Vacuum Vessel and Remote Handling 2 Presentation Outline · Vacuum Vessel - Design requirements - Design concept and features - Analysis to date - Status and summary

  20. Non-Markovian Quantum Jump with Generalized Lindblad Master Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X. L. Huang; H. Y. Sun; X. X. Yi

    2008-10-14

    The Monte Carlo wave function method or the quantum trajectory/jump approach is a powerful tool to study dissipative dynamics governed by the Markovian master equation, in particular for high-dimensional systems and when it is difficult to simulate directly. In this paper, we extend this method to the non-Markovian case described by the generalized Lindblad master equation. Two examples to illustrate the method are presented and discussed. The results show that the method can correctly reproduce the dissipative dynamics for the system. The difference between this method and the traditional Markovian jump approach and the computational efficiency of this method are also discussed.

  1. Remote Sensing of WaterRemote Sensing of WaterRemote Sensing of Water One of the most pressing resource issues facing humanity in the 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    moderate to high shortages in water supply. The outlook is particularly bleak for developing countries resulting from the downwelling solar (Esun) and sky (Esky) radiation. This is unwanted path radiance

  2. Remote Sensing of WaterRemote Sensing of WaterRemote Sensing of Water One of the most pressing resource issues facing humanity in the 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ), and demand is growing rapidly with population growth and rising domestic, agricultural and industrial demand sixfold (more than twice the rate of population growth), and demand is growing rapidly with population growth and rising domestic, agricultural and industrial demand (World Meteorological Organization (WMO

  3. SHORT COMMUNICATION Dynamical analysis of winter terrain park jumps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of this work is to show how a dynamical analysis can assess impact injury risks and inform safer terrain park frequently pose a hazard to patrons and may represent a significant liability risk to winter resorts. By performing a simple dynamic analysis of terrain park jumps, the relative risk to impact injuries for any

  4. Peak-Jumping Frequent Itemset Mining Nele Dexters1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Gucht, Dirk

    Peak-Jumping Frequent Itemset Mining Algorithms Nele Dexters1 , Paul W. Purdom2 , and Dirk Van Gucht2 1 Departement Wiskunde-Informatica, Universiteit Antwerpen, Belgium, nele.dexters@ua.ac.be, 2. We analyze algorithms that, under the right circumstances, permit efficient mining for frequent

  5. Remote electrochemical sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, Joseph (Las Cruces, NM); Olsen, Khris (Richland, WA); Larson, David (Las Cruces, NM)

    1997-01-01

    An electrochemical sensor for remote detection, particularly useful for metal contaminants and organic or other compounds. The sensor circumvents technical difficulties that previously prevented in-situ remote operations. The microelectrode, connected to a long communications cable, allows convenient measurements of the element or compound at timed and frequent intervals and instrument/sample distances of ten feet to more than 100 feet. The sensor is useful for both downhole groundwater monitoring and in-situ water (e.g., shipboard seawater) analysis.

  6. Heat release by controlled continuous-time Markov jump processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paolo Muratore-Ginanneschi; Carlos Mejía-Monasterio; Luca Peliti

    2012-12-17

    We derive the equations governing the protocols minimizing the heat released by a continuous-time Markov jump process on a one-dimensional countable state space during a transition between assigned initial and final probability distributions in a finite time horizon. In particular, we identify the hypotheses on the transition rates under which the optimal control strategy and the probability distribution of the Markov jump problem obey a system of differential equations of Hamilton-Bellman-Jacobi-type. As the state-space mesh tends to zero, these equations converge to those satisfied by the diffusion process minimizing the heat released in the Langevin formulation of the same problem. We also show that in full analogy with the continuum case, heat minimization is equivalent to entropy production minimization. Thus, our results may be interpreted as a refined version of the second law of thermodynamics.

  7. Insider Models with Finite Utility in Markets with Jumps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kohatsu-Higa, Arturo; Yamazato, Makoto

    2011-10-15

    In this article we consider, under a Levy process model for the stock price, the utility optimization problem for an insider agent whose additional information is the final price of the stock blurred with an additional independent noise which vanishes as the final time approaches. Our main interest is establishing conditions under which the utility of the insider is finite. Mathematically, the problem entails the study of a 'progressive' enlargement of filtration with respect to random measures. We study the jump structure of the process which leads to the conclusion that in most cases the utility of the insider is finite and his optimal portfolio is bounded. This can be explained financially by the high risks involved in models with jumps.

  8. Analysis and Improvements of Fringe Jump Corrections by Electronics on the JET Tokamak FIR Interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Analysis and Improvements of Fringe Jump Corrections by Electronics on the JET Tokamak FIR Interferometer

  9. Fast MCMC sampling for Markov jump processes and extensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bach, Francis

    Fast MCMC sampling for Markov jump processes and extensions Vinayak Rao and Yee Whye Teh Rao-backward, Baum-Welch. V Rao and Y W Teh (Mar 2013) Fast MCMC for MJPs 2 / 41 #12;Continuous-Time Hidden Markov state i V Rao and Y W Teh (Mar 2013) Fast MCMC for MJPs 3 / 41 #12;Predator-Prey (Lotka-Volterra) Model

  10. Jumping-Droplet-Enhanced Condensation on Scalable Superhydrophobic Nanostructured Surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miljkovic, N; Enright, R; Nam, Y; Lopez, K; Dou, N; Sack, J; Wang, E

    2012-01-01

    When droplets coalesce on a superhydrophobic nanostructured surface, the resulting droplet can jump from the surface due to the release of excess surface energy. If designed properly, these superhydrophobic nanostructured surfaces can not only allow for easy droplet removal at micrometric length scales during condensation but also promise to enhance heat transfer performance. However, the rationale for the design of an ideal nanostructured surface as well as heat transfer experiments demonstrating the advantage of this jumping behavior are lacking. Here, we show that silanized copper oxide surfaces created via a simple fabrication method can achieve highly efficient jumping-droplet condensation heat transfer. We experimentally demonstrated a 25% higher overall heat flux and 30% higher condensation heat transfer coefficient compared to state-of-the-art hydrophobic condensing surfaces at low supersaturations (<1.12). This work not only shows significant condensation heat transfer enhancement but also promises a low cost and scalable approach to increase efficiency for applications such as atmospheric water harvesting and dehumidification. Furthermore, the results offer insights and an avenue to achieve high flux superhydrophobic condensation.

  11. Can remote sensing of land cover improve species distribution modelling?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradley, Bethany

    of continuous values, and are more often used for predict- ing species distributions (Guisan & Zim- mermann regions. The structural complexity of vegetation and the relative proportion of cover in the understorey scattering data, both of which provide a much greater range of continuous data values than vegetation

  12. Satellite remote sensing of global rainfall using passive microwave radiometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferriday, J.G.

    1994-12-31

    Global rainfall over land and ocean is estimated using measurements of upwelling microwaves by a satellite passive microwave radiometer. Radiative transfer calculations through a cloud model are used to parameterize an inversion technique for retrieving rain rates from brightness temperatures measured by the Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I). The rainfall retrieval technique is based on the interaction between multi-spectral microwave radiances and millimeter sized liquid and frozen hydrometeors distributed in the satellite`s field of view. The rain rate algorithm is sensitive to both hydrometeor emission and scattering while being relatively insensitive to extraneous atmospheric and surface effects. Separate formulations are used over ocean and land to account for different background microwave characteristics and the algorithm corrects for inhomogeneous distributions of rain rates within the satellite`s field of view. Estimates of instantaneous and climate scale rainfall are validated through comparisons with modeled clouds, surface radars, rain gauges and alternative satellite estimates. The accuracy of the rainfall estimates is determined from a combination of validation comparisons, theoretical sampling error calculations, and modeled sensitivity to variations in atmospheric and surface radiative properties. An error budget is constructed for both instantaneous rain rates and climate scale global estimates. At a one degree resolution, the root mean square errors in instantaneous rain rate estimates are 13% over ocean and 20% over land. The root mean square errors in global rainfall totals over a four month period are found to be 46% over ocean and 63% over land. Global rainfall totals are computed on a monthly scale for a three year period from 1987 to 1990. The time series is analyzed for climate scale rainfall distribution and variability.

  13. Remote sensing-based characterization of plant functional type...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    the global average and are predicted to experience accelerated changes in climate due to global warming. Arctic vegetation is particularly sensitive to warming conditions and...

  14. Remote sensing, global warming, and vector-borne disease

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, B.; Beck, L.; Dister, S.; Lobitz, B.

    1997-12-31

    The relationship between climate change and the pattern of vector-borne disease can be viewed at a variety of spatial and temporal scales. At one extreme are changes such as global warming, which are continental in scale and occur over periods of years, decades, or longer. At the opposite extreme are changes associated with severe weather events, which can occur at local and regional scales over periods of days, weeks, or months. Key ecological factors affecting the distribution of vector-borne diseases include temperature, precipitation, and habitat availability, and their impact on vectors, pathogens, reservoirs, and hosts. Global warming can potentially alter these factors, thereby affecting the spatial and temporal patterns of disease.

  15. Princeton University Assimilation of Satellite Remote Sensing Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pan, Ming

    Assimilation System Randomizer (Ensemble/Particle Generator) VIC + LSMEM Ensemble/Particle Filter Water (Energy University Water Budget in the Land Surface (and Atmosphere) )( ETPC dt dS q a --= Knowledge of the water budgetKnowledge of the water budgetKnowledge of the water budgetKnowledge of the water budget components

  16. VOLUME 8, ISSUE 3 JULY 2012 Remote Sensing of Animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . So I told him that each gulp is about the size of a small car like a Volkswagen bug. A decade later

  17. Delineating wetlands using geographic information system and remote sensing technologies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villeneuve, Julie

    2006-04-12

    During the last century wetlands have considerably decreased. The principal cause is urbanization, especially in large urban regions such as the Houston area. In order to protect the remaining wetlands, they have to be ...

  18. Remotely sensed heat anomalies linked with Amazonian forest biomass declines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toomey, M.; Roberts, D. A.; Still, C.; Goulden, M. L.; McFadden, J. P.

    2011-01-01

    results suggest that heat stress played an important role inand forest stress? 2. Is relative heat stress more or lessdamaging than absolute heat stress? 3. Do the com- bined

  19. Remote Sensing of Whales Using Thermal and Visual Imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    prospection, which both employ large acoustic sources. This research focused on design the development and night. SEMINAR To receive ORE Seminar announcements by e-mail, please visit http://www.ore.hawaii.edu/OE/ore_news.htm MSB 114 Wednesday, February 26 3:00-3:30 pm Coffee Hour 3:30-4:30 pm Seminar Please join us

  20. Impacts of Urbanization on Peak Flow Using Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dingman, John

    2008-01-01

    area (ft^2) wet per ft in Alamo Creek cfs/ha Tassajara Creekdrainage basins, the Alamo Creek and Tassajara Creek.landsat.usgs.gov), I measured Alamo Creek drainage basin and

  1. Impacts of Urbanization on Peak Flow Using Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dingman, John

    2008-01-01

    radius n =0.05 n = 0.1 ft/s cfs Depth (ft) ft area (ft^2) wet per ft in Alamo Creek cfs/ha Tassajara Creek Drainagen =0.05 n = 0.1 ft/s cfs area (ft^2) Wet per Tassajara Creek

  2. Graduate Certificate in Remote Sensing Texas A&M University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    technologies and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are rapidly increasing. The demand for individuals of Ecosystem Science and Management and Geography forms and instructions, please contact the Academic Advising Office in the Department of Ecosystem

  3. Remote Sensing & GIS -Spring Semester 2010 Lab 1 -Preprocessing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giger, Christine

    as 16-bit). Read in the metadata file at least the acquisition date and time and sensor and sun azimuth to preprocessing, exec where the programs and the panchromatic image data are. The full data incl. metadata

  4. Unmanned airships for near earth remote sensing missions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hochstetler, R.D.

    1996-10-01

    In recent years the study of Earth processes has increased significantly. Conventional aircraft have been employed to a large extent in gathering much of this information. However, with this expansion of research has come the need to investigate and measure phenomena that occur beyond the performance capabilities of conventional aircraft. Where long dwell times or observations at very low attitudes are required there are few platforms that can operate safely, efficiently, and cost-effectively. One type of aircraft that meets all three parameters is the unmanned, autonomously operated airship. The UAV airship is smaller than manned airships but has similar performance characteristics. It`s low speed stability permits high resolution observations and provides a low vibration environment for motion sensitive instruments. Maximum airspeed is usually 30mph to 35mph and endurance can be as high as 36 hours. With scientific payload capacities of 100 kilos and more, the UAV airship offers a unique opportunity for carrying significant instrument loads for protracted periods at the air/surface interface. The US Army has operated UAV airships for several years conducting border surveillance and monitoring, environmental surveys, and detection and mapping of unexploded ordinance. The technical details of UAV airships, their performance, and the potential of such platforms for more advanced research roles will be presented. 3 refs., 5 figs.

  5. Remote Sensing of Railroad Locomotive Emissions: A Feasibility Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    . Carbon monoxide (CO) levels become elevated primarily due to direct emission of the gas. Ground are equipped with direct current motors. The electrical connection between the powerplant and the drive wheels the powerplant in a locomotive is electrically connected to the drive wheels, however, the locomotive engine can

  6. THE ROLE OF REMOTE SENSING IN GEOTHERMAL EXPLORATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at regional scale using earthquakes: #12;Drilling Success Rate ­ reducing risk and cost of a geothermal' Source: WWF ring of fire #12;NK YOU Source: PGE #12;Source: PGE #12;GEOTHERMAL PROJECT RISK VERSUS COST 9 Can better exploration reduce risk and decrease cost here Source: ESMAP geothermal handbook, worldbank

  7. Remote sensing-based characterization of plant functional type...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Mapping and monitoring of changes in vegetation is essential to understand the effect of climate change on the ecosystem functions. Vegetation exhibits unique spectral...

  8. COURSE SYLLABUS ECE 5010 Wireless Propagation and Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of electromagnetic wave propagation in the troposphere and ionosphere, and also investigate the fundamentals are prepared for the remaining subjects. All students should be familiar with basic electromagnetic theory, Introduction to Electromagnetic Wave Propagation, Artech House, 1991 Elachi and Van Zyl, Introduction

  9. WORKSHOP ON APPLICATION OF REMOTE SENSING TECHNOLOGIES FOR DISASTER RESPONSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    stations ·· Catalog; SCEC CMM3Catalog; SCEC CMM3 #12;4 NAS - Irvine Southern California is the nation, and effects of ground tilt and subsidence on water systemson water systems Can be used in realCan be used

  10. Experimental Underground facility to evaluate remote sensing instruments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is quite easy to obtain, in the case of conventional techniques, but the problems remain with optical, hydrocarbons, and specific pollutants such äs NH3, naphtalene,... Before putting such an instrument Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS) devices. The procedure is based on that used for conventional point monitors

  11. Conditioning Stochastic Rainfall Replicates on Remote Sensing Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Entekhabi, Dara

    Temporally and spatially variable rainfall replicates are frequently required in hydrologic applications of ensemble forecasting and data assimilation. Ensemble methods can be expected to work better when the rainfall ...

  12. Vertical stratified turbulent transport mechanism indicated by remote sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carl H. Gibson; R. Norris Keeler; Valery G. Bondur

    2007-12-02

    Satellite and shipboard data reveal the intermittent vertical information transport mechanism of turbulence and internal waves that mixes the ocean, atmosphere, planets and stars.

  13. Remote-Sensing Quantum Hyperspace by Entangled Photon Interferometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gergely A. Nagy

    2011-01-21

    Even though ideas of extracting future-related, or Faster-Than-Light (FTL) information from hyperspace using quantum entanglement have generally been refuted in the last ten years, in this paper we show that the original 'Delayed Choice Quantum Eraser Experiment', 1st performed by Yoon-Ho Kim, R. Yu, S.P. Kulik, Y.H. Shih, designed by Marlan O. Scully & Druhl in 1982-1999, still features hidden topological properties that may have been overlooked by previous analysis, and which prohibit, by principle, the extraction of future-related or real-time information from the detection of the signal particle on the delayed choice of its entangled idler twin(s). We show that such properties can be removed, and quantum-level information from certain hypersurfaces of past, present or future spacetime may be collected real-time, without resulting in any paradox or violation of causality.

  14. Remotely sensed mesoscale oceanography and the distribution of Illex argentinus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Graham

    of sword®sh (Xiphias gladius), skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) and albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) have

  15. Solar Variability and Forecasting Using Remote Sensing Shahrouz Alimohammadi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandwell, David T.

    subjects for the Department Of Energy (DOE). One of the primary obstacles to overcome in solar power% #12;Solar Irradiance Data For Solar Variability Modeling Solar Irradiance Data Satellite Data L. Nonnenmacher et al. 2014 SUNY model R. Perez 2010 Ground Station Data NREL Hawaii #12;State of California Solar

  16. Remote sensing-based characterization of plant functional type

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Mapping and monitoring of changes in vegetation is essential to understand the effect of climate change on the ecosystem functions. Vegetation exhibits unique spectral...

  17. Spectral Domain Passive remote sensing systems measure the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    Archive Read This Article on the Nature of Light #12;Our energy source, the sun, radiates electromagnetic are equally and repetitively spaced in time Our energy source, the sun, radiates electromagnetic energy. EM energy. EM radiation refers to all energy that radiates in accordance with basic wave theory: 1. Energy

  18. Remotely sensed heat anomalies linked with Amazonian forest biomass declines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toomey, M.; Roberts, D. A.; Still, C.; Goulden, M. L.; McFadden, J. P.

    2011-01-01

    with Amazonian forest biomass declines Michael Toomey, 1 Darof aboveground living biomass (p biomass declines, Geophys. Res.

  19. Satellite Remote Sensing -Introduction definition for this class

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandwell, David T.

    of atmospheric temperature, pressure, water vapor, and wind velocity. · Oceanography - measuring sea surface. · Topography and cartography - improving digital elevation models · Agriculture, forestry, and botany, monitoring deforestation, monitoring urban land use. · Oil and mineral exploration - locating natural oil

  20. Identification of Mesoclimate in Puerto Rico Using Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    in an urban, suburban, small- town, forest, etc. where the temperature, rainfall, wind, humidity, soil). INTRODUCTION Urban development, as a major type of land cover change in human history, has a great impact on the environment. In the process of urbanization, trees are cut and natural vegetation cover is largely replaced

  1. Soil moisture modeling and scaling using passive microwave remote sensing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Narendra N.

    2007-04-25

    Soil moisture in the shallow subsurface is a primary hydrologic state governing land-atmosphere interaction at various scales. The primary objectives of this study are to model soil moisture in the root zone in a distributed ...

  2. Satellite Remote Sensing of Mid-level Clouds 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Hongchun 1980-

    2012-11-07

    of Committee, Shaima Nasiri Committee Members, Sarah Brooks Ping Yang Thomas Wilheit Robert Hetland Department Head, Ping Yang December 2012 Major Subject: Atmospheric Sciences Copyright 2012 Hongchun Jin ABSTRACT This dissertation aims to study... ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to acknowledge many people who have contributed to this disser- tation. First of all, I would like to thank my advisor, Dr. Shaima Nasiri, for her wise guidance and tremendous support for the past four years. I would also like...

  3. Development and Improvement of Airborne Remote Sensing Radar Platforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Emily J.

    2013-08-31

    With the recent record ice melt in the Arctic as well as the dramatic changes occurring in the Antarctic, the need and urgency to characterize ice sheets in these regions has become a research thrust of both the NSF and ...

  4. Remote sensing survey of the Coso geothermal area, Inyo county...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Naval Weapons Center, China Lake, Calif., is an area of granitic rock exposure and fracture-controlled explosion breccias and perlitic domes. Fumarolic and hot springs activity...

  5. Characterization of uncertainty in remotely-sensed precipitation estimates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alemohammad, Seyed Hamed

    2015-01-01

    Satellite-derived retrievals of precipitation have increased in availability and improved in quality over the last decade. There are now several satellites in orbit with instruments capable of precipitation retrieval with ...

  6. ARM - Field Campaign - Remote Cloud Sensing (RCS) Field Evaluation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better Anode Design togovCampaignsMASRAD: Pt.CampaignSTations2008)Polarization

  7. ARM - Field Campaign - Remote Cloud Sensing (RCS) Field Evaluation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better Anode Design togovCampaignsMASRAD:

  8. ARM - Evaluation Product - KAZR Active Remotely-Sensed Cloud Locations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments? WeDatastreamstps DocumentationAtlanticENA Contacts ENAProductsHSRL Corrected for Ship(KAZRARSCL)

  9. ARM - Field Campaign - Scintillometry and Soil Moisture Remote Sensing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments? WeDatastreamstps DocumentationAtlanticENA ContactsProductsSACR26,govCampaignsScintillometry and Soil

  10. Surface based remote sensing of aerosol-cloud interactions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With Livermore National LabSupplierNSTPhoton SourceSurfaceSurface

  11. Researcher, Los Alamos National Laboratory - Space and Remote Sensing Group

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal of HonorPosterNationalPrograms | High EnergyNationalGroup ||

  12. Geobotanical Remote Sensing Applied To Targeting New Geothermal Resource

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXAGemini SolarMichigan: EnergyGenscapeLocations

  13. Geobotanical Remote Sensing For Geothermal Exploration | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXAGemini SolarMichigan:

  14. Geothermal Exploration Using Aviris Remote Sensing Data Over Fish Lake

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New Pages Recent Changes AllGunnery Range,Information

  15. Hyperspectral Geobotanical Remote Sensing For Co2 Storage Monitoring | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on Openei | Open Energy

  16. Advanced polychromator systems for remote chemical sensing (LDRD project

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnicalInformation4563Abuse Tolerance(Conference) |stabilizedmembrane52575). (Technical

  17. Advanced polychromator systems for remote chemical sensing (LDRD project

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnicalInformation4563Abuse Tolerance(Conference) |stabilizedmembrane52575).

  18. Testing a Cloud Condensation Nuclei Remote Sensing Method

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S. CoalMexicoConference Tight09/2011a Cloud Condensation Nuclei

  19. Testing a Cloud Condensation Nuclei Remote Sensing Method

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S. CoalMexicoConference Tight09/2011a Cloud Condensation

  20. The Fundamental Limitation of Atmospheric Remote Sensing by Dissection of

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.Week Day Year(active tab) 2016TheThe

  1. Vehicular Sensing System for CO2 Monitoring Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tseng, Yu-Chee

    --We are interested in monitoring the concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) gas in a large field such as an urban area sensor, vehicular sensing system, wireless sensor network. I. INTRODUCTION Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas has concentration in Hsin-Chu city, Taiwan. The collected data is reported to a remote server, which is integrated

  2. Jump Steady Resort Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder atHills,New York: EnergyUnlimitedEnergy Information Jump

  3. Remote electrochemical sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, J.; Olsen, K.; Larson, D.

    1997-10-14

    An electrochemical sensor is described for remote detection, particularly useful for metal contaminants and organic or other compounds. The sensor circumvents technical difficulties that previously prevented in-situ remote operations. The microelectrode, connected to a long communications cable, allows convenient measurements of the element or compound at timed and frequent intervals and instrument/sample distances of ten feet to more than 100 feet. The sensor is useful for both downhole groundwater monitoring and in-situ water (e.g., shipboard seawater) analysis. 21 figs.

  4. Geological and Environmental Remote Sensing LaboratoryGeological and Environmental Remote Sensing Laboratory Department of GeologyDepartment of Geology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    purpose of this project was to evaluate the capability of the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imagine MISSIONS WITH MULTISPECTRALSEVERAL MISSIONS WITH MULTISPECTRAL SENSORS OVER MAYAGUEZ BAYSENSORS OVER on: 1.Comparing AVIRIS and field data for calibration and validation of the sensor. 2.Developing

  5. Computing the Rates of Measurement-Induced Quantum Jumps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel Bauer; Denis Bernard; Antoine Tilloy

    2015-06-08

    Small quantum systems can now be continuously monitored experimentally which allows for the reconstruction of quantum trajectories. A peculiar feature of these trajectories is the emergence of jumps between the eigenstates of the observable which is measured. Using the Stochastic Master Equation (SME) formalism for continuous quantum measurements, we show that the density matrix of a system indeed shows a jumpy behavior when it is subjected to a tight measurement (even if the noise in the SME is Gaussian). We are able to compute the jump rates analytically for any system evolution, i.e. any Lindbladian, and we illustrate how our general recipe can be applied to two simple examples. We then discuss the mathematical, foundational and practical applications of our results. The analysis we present is based on a study of the strong noise limit of a class of stochastic differential equations (the SME) and as such the method may be applicable to other physical situations in which a strong noise limit plays a role.

  6. Making Things Clearer: Exaggeration, Jumping the Gun, and The Venus Syndrome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    1 Making Things Clearer: Exaggeration, Jumping the Gun, and The Venus Syndrome 15 April 2013 James. Jumping the Gun It has been said that I reach conclusions before the evidence warrants them. Two examples

  7. Precautionary Measures for Credit Risk Management in Jump Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egami, Masahiko

    2011-01-01

    Sustaining efficiency and stability by properly controlling the equity to asset ratio is one of the most important and difficult challenges in bank management. Due to unexpected and abrupt decline of asset values, a bank must closely monitor its net worth as well as market conditions, and one of its important concerns is when to raise more capital so as not to violate capital adequacy requirements. In this paper, we model the tradeoff between avoiding costs of delay and premature capital raising, and solve the corresponding optimal stopping problem. In order to model defaults in a bank's loan/credit business portfolios, we represent its net worth by Levy processes, and solve explicitly for the double exponential jump diffusion process and for a general spectrally negative Levy process.

  8. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 2898-2911; doi:10.3390/rs6042898 remote sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deYoung, Brad

    Measurements of ocean wind vectors serve as a basis for marine weather forecasting and offshore wind farms distribution of offshore wind vectors. Representative long-term offshore meteorological time series with high.mdpi.com/journal/remotesensing Article Reconstructed Wind Fields from Multi-Satellite Observations Ruohan Tang 1,2,3, *, Deyou Liu 1

  9. Remote Sens. 2011, 3, 83-99; doi:10.3390/rs3010083 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Menglin

    budget [1-3]. The land surface energy budget can be described as [4]: (1 - )Sd + LWd - Tskin 4 - SH - LE - G = 0 (1) where is surface albedo, Sd is downward surface insulation. LWd is downward longwave change LWd in Equation (1). Furthermore, the clouds microphysical properties (cloud droplet size, cloud

  10. Remote Sens. 2010, 2, 1157-1176; doi:10.3390/rs2041157 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Erle C.

    ) are essential for accurate estimation of vegetation biomass, carbon accounting, forestry, fire hazard evaluation closed canopy forest. Results confirm that computer vision can support ultra-low-cost, user-deployed high Keywords: vegetation biomass; vegetation carbon; canopy height models; bundle adjustment; Bundler; LiDAR; 3

  11. Remote Sens. 2012, 4, 950-974; doi:10.3390/rs4040950 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -02431 Masala, Finland; E-Mails: juha.hyyppa@fgi.fi (J.H.); yu.xiaowei@fgi.fi (X.Y.); antero-00014 Helsinki, Finland; E-Mails: mikko.vastaranta@helsinki.fi (M.V.); markus.holopainen@helsinki.fi (M.H.) 3 School of Science and Technology, Aalto University, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland; E-Mail: hannu

  12. Remote Sens. 2010, 2, 514-525; doi:10.3390/rs2020514 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weishampel, John F.

    -central Florida. We predicted that fire influences vegetation structure at the mesoscale (i.e., spatial scales classification accuracies occur with averaging over windows representing sizes in the mesoscale range. Keywords

  13. Remote Sens. 2009, 1, 393-407; doi:10.3390/rs1030393 Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -surface flow, (iii) surface desertification (especially in arid to semi-arid regions of the world), (iv

  14. Markov Jump Processes Approximating a Non-Symmetric Generalized Diffusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Limic, Nedzad

    2011-08-15

    Consider a non-symmetric generalized diffusion X( Dot-Operator ) in Double-Struck-Capital-R {sup d} determined by the differential operator A(x) = -{Sigma}{sub ij} {partial_derivative}{sub i}a{sub ij}(x){partial_derivative}{sub j} + {Sigma}{sub i} b{sub i}(x){partial_derivative}{sub i}. In this paper the diffusion process is approximated by Markov jump processes X{sub n}( Dot-Operator ), in homogeneous and isotropic grids G{sub n} Subset-Of Double-Struck-Capital-R {sup d}, which converge in distribution in the Skorokhod space D([0,{infinity}), Double-Struck-Capital-R {sup d}) to the diffusion X( Dot-Operator ). The generators of X{sub n}( Dot-Operator ) are constructed explicitly. Due to the homogeneity and isotropy of grids, the proposed method for d{>=}3 can be applied to processes for which the diffusion tensor {l_brace}a{sub ij}(x){r_brace}{sub 11}{sup dd} fulfills an additional condition. The proposed construction offers a simple method for simulation of sample paths of non-symmetric generalized diffusion. Simulations are carried out in terms of jump processes X{sub n}( Dot-Operator ). For piece-wise constant functions a{sub ij} on Double-Struck-Capital-R {sup d} and piece-wise continuous functions a{sub ij} on Double-Struck-Capital-R {sup 2} the construction and principal algorithm are described enabling an easy implementation into a computer code.

  15. NUMERICAL STUDY OF A TURBULENT HYDRAULIC JUMP Qun Zhao 1 Shubhra K. Misra1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Qun

    . Hydraulic jumps are commonly used as energy dissipators and they have been studied intensively by hydraulicNUMERICAL STUDY OF A TURBULENT HYDRAULIC JUMP Qun Zhao 1 Shubhra K. Misra1 Ib A. Svendsen 1 (Member of a turbulent hydraulic jump. The numerical model is based on RIPPLE (Kothe et al., 1994) with two turbulence

  16. Jump Flooding in GPU with Applications to Voronoi Diagram and Distance Transform Guodong Rong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Tiow Seng

    Jump Flooding in GPU with Applications to Voronoi Diagram and Distance Transform Guodong Rong Tiow of the jump flooding algorithm is shown in the other six pictures, with the rightmost being the computed Voronoi diagram. Abstract This paper studies jump flooding as an algorithmic paradigm in the general

  17. Edit: Study -APP Save | Exit | Hide/Show Errors | Print... | Jump To

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biederman, Irving

    Edit: Study - APP Save | Exit | Hide/Show Errors | Print... | Jump To: 01. Project Guidance Save | Exit | Hide/Show Errors | Print... | Jump To: 01. Project IdentificationStarDev/ResourceAdministration/Project/ProjectEditor?Project=com... 1 #12;Edit: Study - APP- Save | Exit | Hide/Show Errors | Print... | Jump To: 02. Study

  18. Remote switch actuator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Haas, Edwin Gerard; Beauman, Ronald; Palo, Jr., Stefan

    2013-01-29

    The invention provides a device and method for actuating electrical switches remotely. The device is removably attached to the switch and is actuated through the transfer of a user's force. The user is able to remain physically removed from the switch site obviating need for protective equipment. The device and method allow rapid, safe actuation of high-voltage or high-current carrying electrical switches or circuit breakers.

  19. Remote repair appliance

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Heumann, Frederick K. (Ballston Spa, NY); Wilkinson, Jay C. (Ballston Spa, NY); Wooding, David R. (Saratoga Springs, NY)

    1997-01-01

    A remote appliance for supporting a tool for performing work at a worksite on a substantially circular bore of a workpiece and for providing video signals of the worksite to a remote monitor comprising: a baseplate having an inner face and an outer face; a plurality of rollers, wherein each roller is rotatably and adjustably attached to the inner face of the baseplate and positioned to roll against the bore of the workpiece when the baseplate is positioned against the mouth of the bore such that the appliance may be rotated about the bore in a plane substantially parallel to the baseplate; a tool holding means for supporting the tool, the tool holding means being adjustably attached to the outer face of the baseplate such that the working end of the tool is positioned on the inner face side of the baseplate; a camera for providing video signals of the worksite to the remote monitor; and a camera holding means for supporting the camera on the inner face side of the baseplate, the camera holding means being adjustably attached to the outer face of the baseplate. In a preferred embodiment, roller guards are provided to protect the rollers from debris and a bore guard is provided to protect the bore from wear by the rollers and damage from debris.

  20. High temperature, minimally invasive optical sensing modules

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Riza, Nabeel Agha (Oviedo, FL); Perez, Frank (Tujunga, CA)

    2008-02-05

    A remote temperature sensing system includes a light source selectively producing light at two different wavelengths and a sensor device having an optical path length that varies as a function of temperature. The sensor receives light emitted by the light source and redirects the light along the optical path length. The system also includes a detector receiving redirected light from the sensor device and generating respective signals indicative of respective intensities of received redirected light corresponding to respective wavelengths of light emitted by the light source. The system also includes a processor processing the signals generated by the detector to calculate a temperature of the device.