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1

Definition: Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit Tv | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Limit Tv Limit Tv Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit Tv The maximum time that an Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit can be violated before the risk to the interconnection or other Reliability Coordinator Area(s) becomes greater than acceptable. Each Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit's Tv shall be less than or equal to 30 minutes.[1] Related Terms Interconnection Reliability Operating Limitinterconnection, interconnection References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Interconnection_Reliability_Operating_Limit_Tv&oldid=493031

2

Definition: System Operating Limit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Operating Limit Operating Limit Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png System Operating Limit The value (such as MW, MVar, Amperes, Frequency or Volts) that satisfies the most limiting of the prescribed operating criteria for a specified system configuration to ensure operation within acceptable reliability criteria. System Operating Limits are based upon certain operating criteria. These include, but are not limited to: Facility Ratings (Applicable pre- and post- Contingency equipment or facility ratings), Transient Stability Ratings (Applicable pre- and post-Contingency Stability Limits), Voltage Stability Ratings (Applicable pre- and post- Contingency Voltage Stability), System Voltage Limits (Applicable pre- and post- Contingency Voltage Limits)[1] Also Known As SOL

3

Sample sizes for confidence limits for reliability.  

SciTech Connect

We recently performed an evaluation of the implications of a reduced stockpile of nuclear weapons for surveillance to support estimates of reliability. We found that one technique developed at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) under-estimates the required sample size for systems-level testing. For a large population the discrepancy is not important, but for a small population it is important. We found that another technique used by SNL provides the correct required sample size. For systems-level testing of nuclear weapons, samples are selected without replacement, and the hypergeometric probability distribution applies. Both of the SNL techniques focus on samples without defects from sampling without replacement. We generalized the second SNL technique to cases with defects in the sample. We created a computer program in Mathematica to automate the calculation of confidence for reliability. We also evaluated sampling with replacement where the binomial probability distribution applies.

Darby, John L.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Washington DC Reliability Requirements and the Need to Operate Mirant's  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Washington DC Reliability Requirements and the Need to Operate Washington DC Reliability Requirements and the Need to Operate Mirant's Potomac River Generation Station to Support Local Area Reliability (Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2005) Washington DC Reliability Requirements and the Need to Operate Mirant's Potomac River Generation Station to Support Local Area Reliability (Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2005) Pursuant to Docket No. EO-05-01: Oak Ridge National Laboratory provided an analysis of the Mirant Potomac River Generation Station in 2005 and discussed the reliability requirements of the local area and the potential impacts on reliability of changing operation of the Potomac River Generating Station in this paper. Washington DC Reliability Requirements and the Need to Operate Mirant's Potomac River Generation Station to Support Local Area Reliability.pdf

5

DOE Orders Mirant Power Plant to Operate Under Limited Circumstances |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Orders Mirant Power Plant to Operate Under Limited DOE Orders Mirant Power Plant to Operate Under Limited Circumstances DOE Orders Mirant Power Plant to Operate Under Limited Circumstances December 20, 2005 - 11:44am Addthis DOE finds emergency; determines plant will help electric reliability WASHINGTON, D.C. - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today issued an order requiring Mirant Corporation's Potomac River Generating Station in Alexandria, Virginia (Mirant) to immediately resume limited operation. The order will help provide electric reliability for Washington, D.C., and will do so at the lowest reasonable impact to the environment. "After weighing all of the information, I believe an emergency situation exists, and that issuance of this order is in the public interest. This order will provide the level of electricity reliability necessary to keep

6

DOE Orders Mirant Power Plant to Operate Under Limited Circumstances |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Orders Mirant Power Plant to Operate Under Limited Orders Mirant Power Plant to Operate Under Limited Circumstances DOE Orders Mirant Power Plant to Operate Under Limited Circumstances December 20, 2005 - 11:44am Addthis DOE finds emergency; determines plant will help electric reliability WASHINGTON, D.C. - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today issued an order requiring Mirant Corporation's Potomac River Generating Station in Alexandria, Virginia (Mirant) to immediately resume limited operation. The order will help provide electric reliability for Washington, D.C., and will do so at the lowest reasonable impact to the environment. "After weighing all of the information, I believe an emergency situation exists, and that issuance of this order is in the public interest. This order will provide the level of electricity reliability necessary to keep

7

Operating Systems: The Problems Of Performance and Reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Operating Systems: The Problems Of Performance and Reliability B. Randell University of Newcastle and reliability are amongst the most difficult that operating system designers and implementors have to face. This is particularly the case with generic operating systems, i.e., systems intended for use in many different versions

Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

8

DOE Orders Mirant Power Plant to Operate Under Limited Circumstances |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Orders Mirant Power Plant to Operate Under Limited Orders Mirant Power Plant to Operate Under Limited Circumstances DOE Orders Mirant Power Plant to Operate Under Limited Circumstances Docket No. EO-05-01. Order No. 202-05-3: Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today issued an order requiring Mirant Corporation's Potomac River Generating Station in Alexandria, Virginia (Mirant) to immediately resume limited operation. The order will help provide electric reliability for Washington, D.C., and will do so at the lowest reasonable impact to the environment. DOE Orders Mirant Power Plant to Operate Under Limited Circumstances More Documents & Publications Comments on Department of Energy's Emergency Order To Resume Limited Operation at Mirant's Potomac River Generating Station and Proposed Mirant Compliance Plan

9

LIMITING ABSORPTION PRINCIPLE FOR SINGULARLY PERTURBED OPERATORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LIMITING ABSORPTION PRINCIPLE FOR SINGULARLY PERTURBED OPERATORS WALTER RENGER Abstract. Given an operator H 1 for which a limiting absorption principle holds, we study operators H 2 which are produced that (except for possibly a discrete set of eigenvalues) a limiting absorption principle holds for H 2 . We

10

DOE limited standard: Operations assessments  

SciTech Connect

Purpose of this standard is to provide DOE Field Element assessors with a guide for conducting operations assessments, and provide DOE Field Element managers with the criteria of the EM Operations Assessment Program. Sections 6.1 to 6.21 provide examples of how to assess specific areas; the general techniques of operations assessments (Section 5) may be applied to other areas of health and safety (e.g. fire protection, criticality safety, quality assurance, occupational safety, etc.).

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Complex Technical Systems Operation, Reliability, Availability, Safety and Cost Optimization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The methods based on the results of the joint model linking a semi-Markov modeling of the system operation processes with a multistate approach to system reliability and safety and the linear programming are prop...

Krzysztof Ko?owrocki; Joanna Soszy?ska-Budny

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Automated Operating Procedures for Transfer Limits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automated Operating Procedures for Transfer Limits Final Project Report Power Systems Engineering · Illinois · Iowa State · Texas A&M · Washington State · Wisconsin Automated Operating Procedures

13

Technical information report: Plasma melter operation, reliability, and maintenance analysis  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a technical report of operability, reliability, and maintenance of a plasma melter for low-level waste vitrification, in support of the Hanford Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Low-Level Waste (LLW) Vitrification Program. A process description is provided that minimizes maintenance and downtime and includes material and energy balances, equipment sizes and arrangement, startup/operation/maintence/shutdown cycle descriptions, and basis for scale-up to a 200 metric ton/day production facility. Operational requirements are provided including utilities, feeds, labor, and maintenance. Equipment reliability estimates and maintenance requirements are provided which includes a list of failure modes, responses, and consequences.

Hendrickson, D.W. [ed.

1995-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

14

A reliability analysis of electrical power plant operation data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A RELIABILITY ANALYSIS QF ELECTRICAL POWER PLANT OPERATION DATA A Thesis by RANDALL KEITH SPQERI Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January... 1970 Ma]or Subject: Statistics A RELIABILITY ANALYSIS QF ELECTRICAL POWER PLANT OPERATION DATA A Thesis by RANDALL KEITH SPOERI Approved as to style and content by; (Cha o o itt ) Head of Department) Member) ( ember) January 1970 9:idM9...

Spoeri, Randall Keith

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

15

Perspectives on Real-Time Grid Operating Technologies to Manage Reliability in the Western Interconnection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real-Time Grid Operating Technologies to Manage ReliabilityEto Environmental Energy Technologies Division October 2013Real-Time Grid Operating Technologies to Manage Reliability

Whitley, Eric

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Advancing Visibility of Grid Operations to Improve Reliability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Synchrophasors are starting a revolution, enabling a level of observation and control never envisioned when the grid was designed. Real-time awareness of the grids operating conditions helps to enhance reliability and assists in integrating clean energy technologies.

17

SLAC modulator operation and reliability in the SLC Era  

SciTech Connect

A discussion of the operation and reliability of the 244 modulators in the SLAC linac with an emphasis on the past three years of operation. The linac modulators were designed and built in the 60`s, upgraded for the SLAC Linear Collider (SLC) in the mid 80s, and despite their age are still reliable accelerator components. The 60s modulator operated at 65 MW peak and 83 kW average power. The upgrade resulted in 150 MW peak output at an average power of 87 kW, a modest increase since the repetition rate was dropped from 360 to 120 Hz. In the present accelerator configuration, the Linac operates as a source of electrons and positrons to a single pass coillider. The classic collider is a storage ring filled with oppositely charged, counter-rotating particles which are allowed to collide until an accelerator fault occurs and the stored beams are aborted. A reasonable storage ring can store and collide particles for as long as eight hours with a 10 or 20 minute filling time. A single pass collider, + on the other hand, can only produce e{sup {minus}} and e{sup +} collisions at whatever rate the source operates. To be effective the SLC must operate at 120 Hz with a very high degree of reliability and on a continuous basis. Fortunately, the linac has a modest excess of modulator/klystron systems which allows some measure of redundancy and hence some freedom from the constraint that all 244 modulator/klystrons operate simultaneously. Nonetheless, high importance is placed on modulator MTBF and MTRR or, in the parlance of reliability experts and accelerator physicists, availability. This is especially true of the modulators associated with the fundamental requirements of a collider such as injection, compression and positron production.

Donaldson, A.R.; Ashton, J.R.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

SLAC modulator operation and reliability in the SLC Era  

SciTech Connect

A discussion of the operation and reliability of the 244 modulators in the SLAC linac with an emphasis on the past three years of operation. The linac modulators were designed and built in the 60's, upgraded for the SLAC Linear Collider (SLC) in the mid 80s, and despite their age are still reliable accelerator components. The 60s modulator operated at 65 MW peak and 83 kW average power. The upgrade resulted in 150 MW peak output at an average power of 87 kW, a modest increase since the repetition rate was dropped from 360 to 120 Hz. In the present accelerator configuration, the Linac operates as a source of electrons and positrons to a single pass coillider. The classic collider is a storage ring filled with oppositely charged, counter-rotating particles which are allowed to collide until an accelerator fault occurs and the stored beams are aborted. A reasonable storage ring can store and collide particles for as long as eight hours with a 10 or 20 minute filling time. A single pass collider, + on the other hand, can only produce e{sup {minus}} and e{sup +} collisions at whatever rate the source operates. To be effective the SLC must operate at 120 Hz with a very high degree of reliability and on a continuous basis. Fortunately, the linac has a modest excess of modulator/klystron systems which allows some measure of redundancy and hence some freedom from the constraint that all 244 modulator/klystrons operate simultaneously. Nonetheless, high importance is placed on modulator MTBF and MTRR or, in the parlance of reliability experts and accelerator physicists, availability. This is especially true of the modulators associated with the fundamental requirements of a collider such as injection, compression and positron production.

Donaldson, A.R.; Ashton, J.R.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Achieving High Reliability Operations Through Multi-Program Integration  

SciTech Connect

Over the last 20 years the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has adopted a number of operations and safety-related programs which has each periodically taken its turn in the limelight. As new programs have come along there has been natural competition for resources, focus and commitment. In the last few years, the INL has made real progress in integrating all these programs and are starting to realize important synergies. Contributing to this integration are both collaborative individuals and an emerging shared vision and goal of the INL fully maturing in its high reliability operations. This goal is so powerful because the concept of high reliability operations (and the resulting organizations) is a masterful amalgam and orchestrator of the best of all the participating programs (i.e. conduct of operations, behavior based safety, human performance, voluntary protection, quality assurance, and integrated safety management). This paper is a brief recounting of the lessons learned, thus far, at the INL in bringing previously competing programs into harmony under the goal (umbrella) of seeking to perform regularly as a high reliability organization. In addition to a brief diagram-illustrated historical review, the authors will share the INLs primary successes (things already effectively stopped or started) and the gaps yet to be bridged.

Holly M. Ashley; Ronald K. Farris; Robert E. Richards

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Washington DC Reliability Requirements and the Need to Operate...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

River Generating Station and Proposed Mirant Compliance Plan Comments by Mary Celeste Harris on the Emergency Operation of Mirant's Potomac River Generating Station. Special...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Notice of Emergency Action - Emergency Order To Resume Limited Operation at  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emergency Action - Emergency Order To Resume Limited Emergency Action - Emergency Order To Resume Limited Operation at the Potomac River Generating Station, Alexandria, VA, in Response to Electricity Reliability Concerns in Washington, DC: Federal Register Notice Volume 71, No. 13 - Jan. 20, 2006 Notice of Emergency Action - Emergency Order To Resume Limited Operation at the Potomac River Generating Station, Alexandria, VA, in Response to Electricity Reliability Concerns in Washington, DC: Federal Register Notice Volume 71, No. 13 - Jan. 20, 2006 Docket No. EO-05-01. Pursuant to 10 CFR 1021.343, the U.S. Department of Energy is issuing this Notice to document emergency actions that it has taken, and to set forth the steps it intends to take in the future, to comply with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) in the matter

22

Operating limit evaluation for disposal of uranium enrichment plant wastes  

SciTech Connect

A proposed solid waste landfill at Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) will accept wastes generated during normal plant operations that are considered to be non-radioactive. However, nearly all solid waste from any source or facility contains small amounts of radioactive material, due to the presence in most materials of trace quantities of such naturally occurring radionuclides as uranium and thorium. This paper describes an evaluation of operating limits, which are protective of public health and the environment, that would allow waste materials containing small amounts of radioactive material to be sent to a new solid waste landfill at PGDP. The operating limits are expressed as limits on concentrations of radionuclides in waste materials that could be sent to the landfill based on a site-specific analysis of the performance of the facility. These limits are advantageous to PGDP and DOE for several reasons. Most importantly, substantial cost savings in the management of waste is achieved. In addition, certain liabilities that could result from shipment of wastes to a commercial off-site solid waste landfill are avoided. Finally, assurance that disposal operations at the PGDP landfill are protective of public health and the environment is provided by establishing verifiable operating limits for small amounts of radioactive material; rather than relying solely on administrative controls. The operating limit determined in this study has been presented to the Commonwealth of Kentucky and accepted as a condition to be attached to the operating permit for the solid waste landfill.

Lee, D.W.; Kocher, D.C.; Wang, J.C.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Review and evaluation of Transamerica Delaval, Inc. , diesel engine reliability and operability: Grand Gulf Nuclear Station Unit 1  

SciTech Connect

PNL and its consultants conclude that the TDI diesel engines at the GGNS have the needed operability and reliability to fulfill their intended (auxiliary) emergency power function for the first refueling cycle. This conclusion is reached with a number of understandings regarding limits to the engine requirements, NRC concurrence with MP and L findings/conclusions regarding items to be supplied to NRC, limitations on the engine Brake Mean Effective Pressure (BMEP), and MP and L's implementation of the modifications to their proposed surveillance and maintenance program.

Not Available

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

SciTech Connect

California is on a path to increase utilization of renewable resources. California will need to integrate approximately 30,000 megawatts (MW) of new renewable generation in the next 20 years. Renewable resources are typically located in remote locations, not near the load centers. Nearly two/thirds or 20,000 MW of new renewable resources needed are likely to be delivered to Los Angeles Basin transmission gateways. Integration of renewable resources requires interconnection to the power grid, expansion of the transmission system capability between the backbone power grid and transmission gateways, and increase in delivery capacity from transmission gateways to the local load centers. To scope the transmission, operations, and reliability issues for renewables integration, this research focused on the Los Angeles Basin Area transmission gateways where most of new renewables are likely. Necessary actions for successful renewables integration include: (1) Expand Los Angeles Basin Area transmission gateway and nomogram limits by 10,000 to 20,000 MW; (2) Upgrade local transmission network for deliverability to load centers; (3) Secure additional storage, demand management, automatic load control, dynamic pricing, and other resources that meet regulation and ramping needed in real time operations; (4) Enhance local voltage support; and (5) Expand deliverability from Los Angeles to San Diego and Northern California.

Eto, Joseph; Budhraja, Vikram; Ballance, John; Dyer, Jim; Mobasheri, Fred; Eto, Joseph

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Quantifying the Operational Benefits of Conventional and Advanced Pumped Storage Hydro on Reliability and Efficiency: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Pumped storage hydro (PSH) plants have significant potential to provide reliability and efficiency benefits in future electric power systems with high penetrations of variable generation. New PSH technologies, such as adjustable-speed PSH, have been introduced that can also present further benefits. This paper demonstrates and quantifies some of the reliability and efficiency benefits afforded by PSH plants by utilizing the Flexible Energy Scheduling Tool for the Integration of Variable generation (FESTIV), an integrated power system operations tool that evaluates both reliability and production costs.

Krad, I.; Ela, E.; Koritarov, V.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Wind turbine reliability : understanding and minimizing wind turbine operation and maintenance costs.  

SciTech Connect

Wind turbine system reliability is a critical factor in the success of a wind energy project. Poor reliability directly affects both the project's revenue stream through increased operation and maintenance (O&M) costs and reduced availability to generate power due to turbine downtime. Indirectly, the acceptance of wind-generated power by the financial and developer communities as a viable enterprise is influenced by the risk associated with the capital equipment reliability; increased risk, or at least the perception of increased risk, is generally accompanied by increased financing fees or interest rates. Cost of energy (COE) is a key project evaluation metric, both in commercial applications and in the U.S. federal wind energy program. To reflect this commercial reality, the wind energy research community has adopted COE as a decision-making and technology evaluation metric. The COE metric accounts for the effects of reliability through levelized replacement cost and unscheduled maintenance cost parameters. However, unlike the other cost contributors, such as initial capital investment and scheduled maintenance and operating expenses, costs associated with component failures are necessarily speculative. They are based on assumptions about the reliability of components that in many cases have not been operated for a complete life cycle. Due to the logistical and practical difficulty of replacing major components in a wind turbine, unanticipated failures (especially serial failures) can have a large impact on the economics of a project. The uncertainty associated with long-term component reliability has direct bearing on the confidence level associated with COE projections. In addition, wind turbine technology is evolving. New materials and designs are being incorporated in contemporary wind turbines with the ultimate goal of reducing weight, controlling loads, and improving energy capture. While the goal of these innovations is reduction in the COE, there is a potential impact on reliability whenever new technologies are introduced. While some of these innovations may ultimately improve reliability, in the short term, the technology risks and the perception of risk will increase. The COE metric used by researchers to evaluate technologies does not address this issue. This paper outlines the issues relevant to wind turbine reliability for wind turbine power generation projects. The first sections describe the current state of the industry, identify the cost elements associated with wind farm O&M and availability and discuss the causes of uncertainty in estimating wind turbine component reliability. The latter sections discuss the means for reducing O&M costs and propose O&M related research and development efforts that could be pursued by the wind energy research community to reduce COE.

Not Available

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Operational limits in the National Spherical Torus Experiment  

SciTech Connect

The National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) is a proof-of-principle scale device whose mission is to establish the physics basis of low aspect configurations most notably in the areas of plasma stability, transport and non-inductive current drive. The first series of physics experiments was conducted during the period from Sept. 1999 through Jan. 2000. Among the first experiments was a study to map out and characterize the operational density and q-limits. Density limits have typically been associated with enhanced radiated power due to overfuelling or impurity influx, although ion neoclassical transport may impose a density limit at very high densities in ohmic, gas-fueled plasmas. q-limits have typically been manifestations of destabilization of m=2/n=1 kink or tearing modes that lead to a sudden discharge termination.

S.M. Kaye; M. G. Bell; R. E. Bell; D. Gates; R. Maingi; E. Mazzucato; J. Menard; D. Mueller; W. Park; S. Paul; S. Sabbagh; D. Stutman

2000-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

28

Wind turbine reliability :understanding and minimizing wind turbine operation and maintenance costs.  

SciTech Connect

Wind turbine system reliability is a critical factor in the success of a wind energy project. Poor reliability directly affects both the project's revenue stream through increased operation and maintenance (O&M) costs and reduced availability to generate power due to turbine downtime. Indirectly, the acceptance of wind-generated power by the financial and developer communities as a viable enterprise is influenced by the risk associated with the capital equipment reliability; increased risk, or at least the perception of increased risk, is generally accompanied by increased financing fees or interest rates. This paper outlines the issues relevant to wind turbine reliability for wind turbine power generation projects. The first sections describe the current state of the industry, identify the cost elements associated with wind farm O&M and availability and discuss the causes of uncertainty in estimating wind turbine component reliability. The latter sections discuss the means for reducing O&M costs and propose O&M related research and development efforts that could be pursued by the wind energy research community to reduce cost of energy.

Walford, Christopher A. (Global Energy Concepts. Kirkland, WA)

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Implementation of superconducting fault current limiter for flexible operation in the power substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The concentration of large-scale power loads located in the metropolitan areas have resulted in high fault current levels during a fault thereby requiring the substation to operate in the double busbar configuration mode. However, the double busbar configuration mode results in deterioration of power system reliability and unbalanced power flow in the adjacent transmission lines which may result in issues such as overloading of lines. This paper proposes the implementation of the superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) to be installed between the two substation busbars for a more efficient and flexible operation of the substation enabling both single and double busbar configurations depending on the system conditions for guaranteeing power system reliability as well as fault current limitations. Case studies are being performed for the effectiveness of the SFCL installation and results are compared for the cases where the substation is operating in single and double busbar mode and with and without the installation of the SFCL for fault current mitigation.

Chong Suk Song; Hansang Lee; Yoon-sung Cho; Jaewan Suh; Gilsoo Jang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

A survey of HVDC operating and maintenance practices and their impact on reliability and performance  

SciTech Connect

A questionnaire about operating, maintenance, and spare parts practices and station performance was sent to all HVDC converter stations worldwide. This survey is sponsored by IEEE Working Groups 15.05.08, Economics and Operating Strategies, and I7, Reliability of HVDC Converter Stations. Responses from 38 stations are analyzed, and information bout the most popular practices is reported. One important conclusion is that energy contracts, ac system constraints, and dedicated generation frequency have strong influences on the operation and maintenance practices of HVDC stations. A search is made for correlations between the operating, maintenance, and spare parts practices, including spending, and the stations` performance and availability. No conclusions about the most cost-effective practices can be made. The results are compared with those of a study published in 1992 which covered a few of the same topics.

Cochrane, J.J.; Emerson, M.P. [New England Power Co., Ayer, MA (United States)] [New England Power Co., Ayer, MA (United States); Donahue, J.A. [New England Power Service Co., Westborough, MA (United States)] [New England Power Service Co., Westborough, MA (United States); Wolf, G. [Public Service of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Public Service of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Data Center Efficiency and IT Equipment Reliability at Wider Operating Temperature and Humidity Ranges  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PAPER #50 PAPER #50 DATA CENTER EFFICIENCY AND IT EQUIPMENT RELIABILITY AT WIDER OPERATING TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY RANGES EDITOR: Steve Strutt, IBM CONTRIBUTORS: Chris Kelley, Cisco Harkeeret Singh, Thomson Reuters Vic Smith, Colt Technology Services The Green Grid Technical Committee PAGE 2 Executive Summary Extending the environmental operating parameters of a data center is one of the industry-accepted procedures for reducing overall energy consumption. Relaxing traditionally tight control over temperature and humidity should result in less power required to cool the data center. However, until recently, the impact of increased data center operating temperature on the information technology (IT) equipment installed in the data center has not been well understood. Historically, it has been widely presumed to be

32

Renovation and remaining life management techniques for the reliable operation of steam turbine valve casings  

SciTech Connect

Much attention has been focused on the renovation and remaining life management of steam turbine casings. Properly engineered casing repairs, design upgrades, and strategies such as thermal stress monitoring/control, have been successfully employed to keep older steam turbine casings operating reliably until projected plant decommissioning dates. These proven solutions have resulted in a much lower cost alternative to turbine casing replacement. Valve casings are also subject to the rigors of high pressure/temperature operating environments and have a significant replacement cost as well. The same techniques employed to renovate turbine casings can also be successfully applied to valve casings to ensure their reliable operation for the projected plant life. Of particular interest are design upgrades which can be introduced during the renovation. Advances in computer modeling and techniques such as Finite Element analysis have provided engineers with tools not available during the original casing design. This provides an opportunity to not only restore the casings to their original design, but to re-engineer the casings to exceed original design parameters. This paper will cover the engineering analysis of valve casing defects, restoration techniques, and design upgrades. Thermal stress monitoring will be introduced as a technique to manage remaining life. Typical failure modes in various valve casing designs as well as design improvements will be stressed. It will also use case studies to demonstrate the economic and technical advantages of valve and turbine casing renovation.

Rasmussen, D.M.; Otterlee, T.J. [Turbine Consultants, Inc., Milwaukee, WI (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

33

The Role of Demand Resources In Regional Transmission Expansion Planning and Reliable Operations  

SciTech Connect

Investigating the role of demand resources in regional transmission planning has provided mixed results. On one hand there are only a few projects where demand response has been used as an explicit alternative to transmission enhancement. On the other hand there is a fair amount of demand response in the form of energy efficiency, peak reduction, emergency load shedding, and (recently) demand providing ancillary services. All of this demand response reduces the need for transmission enhancements. Demand response capability is typically (but not always) factored into transmission planning as a reduction in the load which must be served. In that sense demand response is utilized as an alternative to transmission expansion. Much more demand response is used (involuntarily) as load shedding under extreme conditions to prevent cascading blackouts. The amount of additional transmission and generation that would be required to provide the current level of reliability if load shedding were not available is difficult to imagine and would be impractical to build. In a very real sense demand response solutions are equitably treated in every region - when proposed, demand response projects are evaluated against existing reliability and economic criteria. The regional councils, RTOs, and ISOs identify needs. Others propose transmission, generation, or responsive load based solutions. Few demand response projects get included in transmission enhancement plans because few are proposed. But this is only part of the story. Several factors are responsible for the current very low use of demand response as a transmission enhancement alternative. First, while the generation, transmission, and load business sectors each deal with essentially the same amount of electric power, generation and transmission companies are explicitly in the electric power business but electricity is not the primary business focus of most loads. This changes the institutional focus of each sector. Second, market and reliability rules have, understandably, been written around the capabilities and limitations of generators, the historic reliability resources. Responsive load limitations and capabilities are often not accommodated in markets or reliability criteria. Third, because of the institutional structure, demand response alternatives are treated as temporary solutions that can delay but not replace transmission enhancement. Financing has to be based on a three to five year project life as opposed to the twenty to fifty year life of transmission facilities. More can be done to integrate demand response options into transmission expansion planning. Given the societal benefits it may be appropriate for independent transmission planning organizations to take a more proactive role in drawing demand response alternatives into the resource mix. Existing demand response programs provide a technical basis to build from. Regulatory and market obstacles will have to be overcome if demand response alternatives are to be routinely considered in transmission expansion planning.

Kirby, Brendan J [ORNL

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

A chronological probabilistic production cost model to evaluate the reliability contribution of limited energy plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The growth of renewables in power systems has reinvigorated research and regulatory interest in reliability analysis algorithms such as the Baleriaux/Booth convolution-based probabilistic production cost (PPC) model. ...

Leung, Tommy (Tommy Chun Ting)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Military noise limits: Design criteria versus operational effectiveness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Noise requirements in military environments differ significantly from typical industrial or occupational situations. Both in combat and in training mission success requires offensive equipment and weapons to be more lethal and survivable than those used by the adversary. Higher muzzle velocities heavier projectiles and more powerful engines result in high levels of both steady-state and impulsive noise and an increased risk of hearing loss for the users. Weapons firing can expose the user to more energy in a single event than typically experienced in a working lifetime of occupational exposure. In addition military operations require effective speech communication while minimizing auditory detection of equipment by the adversary. Producing material suitable for various forms of military operations requires unique design criteria often exceeding civilian national or international standards. To meet these unique and often contradicting requirements the U.S. military developed a military design standard for noise limits. This standard (MIL-STD-1474) was last revised in 1997. This paper describes the effort of the U.S. Army Navy and Air Force to update the standard to permit production and fielding of military systems designed to maximize Warfighter effectiveness while minimizing hearing damage caused by their use.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Chapter 8 - Power-System Reliability Impact of Energy-Storage Integration with Intelligent-Operation Strategy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Electric power industry is experiencing a critical movement from the existing conventional electric grid to a more reliable, efficient and secure smart grid. In order to achieve these goals, components such as large scale energy storage will be included. Many feasible applications of energy storage in power systems have been investigated. The major benefits of energy storage include electric energy time-shift, frequency regulation and transmission congestion relief. In this chapter, the focus is on the reliability improvement of the bulk power system brought by the utilization of energy storage in the local distribution systems integrated with renewable energy generation. Operation strategies for flexible energy storage device are critical to the reliability and economic performance of the power system. An intelligent operation strategy for energy storage which improves reliability considering the renewable energy integration is presented. The framework of the smart grid communication and control network is utilized to implement the proposed energy storage operation. A bulk power system reliability evaluation framework is proposed to study the reliability impact brought by the energy storage integration and operation.

Yixing Xu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Use of Frequency Response Metrics to Assess the Planning and Operating Requirements for Reliable Integration of Variable Renewable Generation  

SciTech Connect

An interconnected electric power system is a complex system that must be operated within a safe frequency range in order to reliably maintain the instantaneous balance between generation and load. This is accomplished by ensuring that adequate resources are available to respond to expected and unexpected imbalances and restoring frequency to its scheduled value in order to ensure uninterrupted electric service to customers. Electrical systems must be flexible enough to reliably operate under a variety of"change" scenarios. System planners and operators must understand how other parts of the system change in response to the initial change, and need tools to manage such changes to ensure reliable operation within the scheduled frequency range. This report presents a systematic approach to identifying metrics that are useful for operating and planning a reliable system with increased amounts of variable renewable generation which builds on existing industry practices for frequency control after unexpected loss of a large amount of generation. The report introduces a set of metrics or tools for measuring the adequacy of frequency response within an interconnection. Based on the concept of the frequency nadir, these metrics take advantage of new information gathering and processing capabilities that system operators are developing for wide-area situational awareness. Primary frequency response is the leading metric that will be used by this report to assess the adequacy of primary frequency control reserves necessary to ensure reliable operation. It measures what is needed to arrest frequency decline (i.e., to establish frequency nadir) at a frequency higher than the highest set point for under-frequency load shedding within an interconnection. These metrics can be used to guide the reliable operation of an interconnection under changing circumstances.

Eto, Joseph H.; Undrill, John; Mackin, Peter; Daschmans, Ron; Williams, Ben; Haney, Brian; Hunt, Randall; Ellis, Jeff; Illian, Howard; Martinez, Carlos; O'Malley, Mark; Coughlin, Katie; LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi

2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

38

Field Operations Program Chevrolet S-10 (Lead-Acid) Accelerated Reliability Testing - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the Accelerated Reliability testing of five lead-acid battery-equipped Chevrolet S-10 electric vehicles by the US Department of Energy's Field Operations Program and the Program's testing partners, Electric Transportation Applications (ETA) and Southern California Edison (SCE). ETA and SCE operated the S-10s with the goal of placing 25,000 miles on each vehicle within 1 year, providing an accelerated life-cycle analysis. The testing was performed according to established and published test procedures. The S-10s' average ranges were highest during summer months; changes in ambient temperature from night to day and from season-to-season impacted range by as much as 10 miles. Drivers also noted that excessive use of power during acceleration also had a dramatic effect on vehicle range. The spirited performance of the S-10s created a great temptation to inexperienced electric vehicle drivers to ''have a good time'' and to fully utilize the S-10's acceleration capability. The price of injudicious use of power is greatly reduced range and a long-term reduction in battery life. The range using full-power accelerations followed by rapid deceleration in city driving has been 20 miles or less.

J. Francfort (INEEL); J. Argueta; M. Wehrey (Southern California Edison); D. Karner; L. Tyree (Electric Transportation Applications)

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Gas-insulated substations: Reliability Research Program: Volume 1, Operational characteristics and recommendations: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This volume contains a comparative evaluation of existing transmission system reliability programs (SYREL, GATOR, RECS) and relevant mathematical methods for transmission reliability analysis. Several new and enhanced methods in the areas of network analysis, contingency selection, remedial action, and reliability index calculation, developed and tested during the project, are described. Recommendations for methods to be used in a production grade transmission reliability assessment program are presented. 49 figs., 11 tabs.

Boggs, S.A.; Chu, F.Y.; Collod, M.; Ford, G.L.; Fujimoto, N.; Harvey, S.; Stuckless, H.A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Comments on Emergency Order to Resume Limited Operation at the...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

by promoting clean energy alternatives and ensuring proper regulation of coal-fired power plants in Maryland, DC and Virginia. Comments on Emergency Order to Resume Limited...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Summary of the Optics, IR, Injection, Operations, Reliability and Instrumentation Working Group  

SciTech Connect

The facilities reported on are all in a fairly mature state of operation, as evidenced by the very detailed studies and correction schemes that all groups are working on. First- and higher-order aberrations are diagnosed and planned to be corrected. Very detailed beam measurements are done to get a global picture of the beam dynamics. More than other facilities the high-luminosity colliders are struggling with experimental background issues, mitigation of which is a permanent challenge. The working group dealt with a very wide rage of practical issues which limit performance of the machines and compared their techniques of operations and their performance. We anticipate this to be a first attempt. In a future workshop in this series, we propose to attempt more fundamental comparisons of each machine, including design parameters. For example, DAPHNE and KEKB employ a finite crossing angle. The minimum value of {beta}*{sub y} attainable at KEKB seems to relate to this scheme. Effectiveness of compensation solenoids and turn-by-turn BPMs etc. should be examined in more detail. In the near future, CESR-C and VEPP-2000 will start their operation. We expect to hear important new experiences from these machines; in particular VEPP-2000 will be the first machine to have adopted round beams. At SLAC and KEK, next generation B Factories are being considered. It will be worthwhile to discuss the design issues of these machines based on the experiences of the existing factory machines.

Wienands, U.; /SLAC; Funakoshi, Y.; /KEK, Tsukuba

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

42

Reliability Assessment of a Power Grid with Customer Operated CHP Systems Using Monte Carlo Simulation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a method for reliability assessment of a power grid with distributed generation providing support to the system. The distributed generation units considered (more)

Manohar, Lokesh Prakash

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Data Center Efficiency and IT Equipment Reliability at Wider Operating Temperature and Humidity Ranges  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

provides an overview of how operators of data centers can increase energy efficiency at wider operating temperatures and humidity ranges

44

About the Limiting Behaviour of Iterated Robust Morphological Operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guanajuato, Gto., Mexico horebeek@cimat.mx 2 Freie Universitat Berlin, Institut fur Informatik Tacostr. 9 of morphological operators. To this purpose, we describe the implied iterative process by a discrete dynamical morphology is an important branch of non-linear signal process- ing. It has its roots in discrete geometry

Van Horebeek, Johan

45

Effect analysis of Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety (RAMS ) Parameters in design and operation of Dynamic Positioning (DP) systems in floating offshore structures.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The objective of this thesis is to identify, which hazards and failures in operation process will affect Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety of floating (more)

Ebrahimi, Ali

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Reliability analysis of urban gas transmission and distribution system based on FMEA and correlation operator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to improve the safety management of urban gas transmission and distribution system, failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) was used to construct the reliability analysis ... the risk priority number (R...

Su Li; Weiguo Zhou

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Reliable and Fault-Tolerant Software-Defined Network Operations Scheme for Remote 3D Printing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The recent wide expansion of applicable three-dimensional (3D) printing and software-defined networking (SDN) technologies ... of responsiveness and reliability of SDN for remote 3D printing and control processes...

Dongkyun Kim; Joon-Min Gil

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Time-Dependent Reliability Analysis of Nuclear Reactor Operators Using Probabilistic Network Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Human factors are very important for the reliability of a nuclear power plant. Human behavior has essentially time-dependent nature. The details of thinking and decision making processes are important for deta...

Yoshiaki Oka; Kenji Miyata; Hideki Kodaira

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Reliability-Centered Maintenance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reliability-Centered Maintenance Reliability-Centered Maintenance Reliability-Centered Maintenance October 7, 2013 - 9:48am Addthis Reliability-centered maintenance leverages the same practices and technologies of predictive maintenance. The difference is that reliability-centered maintenance recognizes that: Equipment design and operations differ Different equipment has different probabilities of failure All equipment is not of equal importance to facility operations Facilities have limited financial and personnel resources. While reliability-centered maintenance relies on predictive maintenance practices and technologies, it also recognizes that maintenance on inexpensive and/or unimportant equipment may be better served by a reactive or predictive maintenance approach. Each of the aforementioned factors are

50

Limit Operators, Collective Compactness, and the Spectral Theory of Infinite Matrices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the first half of this text we explore the interrelationships between the abstract theory of limit operators (see e.g. the recent monographs of Rabinovich, Roch & Silbermann and Lindner) and the concepts and results of the generalised collectively compact operator theory introduced by Chandler-Wilde and Zhang. We build up to results obtained by applying this generalised collectively compact operator theory to the set of limit operators of an operator $A$. In the second half of this text we study bounded linear operators on the generalised sequence space $\\ell^p(\\Z^N,U)$, where $p\\in [1,\\infty]$ and $U$ is some complex Banach space. We make what seems to be a more complete study than hitherto of the connections between Fredholmness, invertibility, invertibility at infinity, and invertibility or injectivity of the set of limit operators, with some emphasis on the case when the operator $A$ is a locally compact perturbation of the identity. Especially, we obtain stronger results than previously known for the subtle limiting cases of $p=1$ and $\\infty$. Our tools in this study are the results from the first half of the text and an exploitation of the partial duality between $\\ell^1$ and $\\ell^\\infty$. Results in this second half of the text include a new proof that injectivity of all limit operators (the classic Favard condition) implies invertibility for a general class of almost periodic operators, and characterisations of invertibility at infinity and Fredholmness for operators in the so-called Wiener algebra. In two final chapters our results are illustrated by and applied to concrete examples. Firstly, we study the spectra and essential spectra of discrete Schr\\"odinger operators (both self-adjoint and non-self-adjoint), including operators with almost periodic and random potentials. In the final chapter we apply our results to integral operators on $\\R^N$.

Simon N. Chandler-Wilde; Marko Lindner

2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

51

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

operatingattributes: Loadfollowing. Spinningandnon?dispatchable,thenloadfollowing,regulation,rampingregulation,ramping,loadfollowing,voltagesupportand

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Operating limit study for the proposed solid waste landfill at Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant  

SciTech Connect

A proposed solid waste landfill at Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) would accept wastes generated during normal operations that are identified as non-radioactive. These wastes may include small amounts of radioactive material from incidental contamination during plant operations. A site-specific analysis of the new solid waste landfill is presented to determine a proposed operating limit that will allow for waste disposal operations to occur such that protection of public health and the environment from the presence of incidentally contaminated waste materials can be assured. Performance objectives for disposal were defined from existing regulatory guidance to establish reasonable dose limits for protection of public health and the environment. Waste concentration limits were determined consistent with these performance objectives for the protection of off-site individuals and inadvertent intruders who might be directly exposed to disposed wastes. Exposures of off-site individuals were estimated using a conservative, site-specific model of the groundwater transport of contamination from the wastes. Direct intrusion was analyzed using an agricultural homesteader scenario. The most limiting concentrations from direct intrusion or groundwater transport were used to establish the concentration limits for radionuclides likely to be present in PGDP wastes.

Lee, D.W.; Wang, J.C.; Kocher, D.C.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Temperature limits for LMFBR fuel cladding under upset and emergency operating conditions  

SciTech Connect

LMFBR fuel pin cladding tube is subjected to high transient temperatures during incidents such as pump trip, pump to grid plate pipe rupture etc. It is required to know temperature limits under such transient operating conditions for components involved while analyzing such incidents. A methodology for deriving such limits for fuel clad tube is worked out in this paper by making use of the transient damage correlation proposed by W.F. Brizes et. al.

Govindarajan, S.; Chetal, S.C. [Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam Tamilnadu (India). Nuclear Systems Division

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Definition: Reliability Coordinator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coordinator Coordinator Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reliability Coordinator The entity that is the highest level of authority who is responsible for the reliable operation of the Bulk Electric System, has the Wide Area view of the Bulk Electric System, and has the operating tools, processes and procedures, including the authority to prevent or mitigate emergency operating situations in both nextday analysis and real-time operations. The Reliability Coordinator has the purview that is broad enough to enable the calculation of Interconnection Reliability Operating Limits, which may be based on the operating parameters of transmission systems beyond any Transmission Operator's vision.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, Bulk Electric System, transmission line

55

Operating principle of a high Tc superconducting saturable magnetic core fault current limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An electrical fault current limiter (FCL) designed with a high Tc superconducting (HTS) dc bias winding is described. The winding is prepared by using a Ag-clad (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10+x HTS wire. The limiting behaviour of this FCL is investigated and considered with respect to operation in a 6 kV power system. The results show that the FCL limits fault currents effectively, and is a possible solution for reducing power system fault currents.

J.X. Jin; S.X. Dou; C. Grantham; D. Sutanto; H.K. Liu

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

High energy bursts from a solid state laser operated in the heat capacity limited regime  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High energy bursts are produced from a solid state laser operated in a heat capacity limited regime. Instead of cooling the laser, the active medium is thermally well isolated. As a result, the active medium will heat up until it reaches some maximum acceptable temperature. The waste heat is stored in the active medium itself. Therefore, the amount of energy the laser can put out during operation is proportional to its mass, the heat capacity of the active medium, and the temperature difference over which it is being operated. The high energy burst capacity of a heat capacity operated solid state laser, together with the absence of a heavy, power consuming steady state cooling system for the active medium, will make a variety of applications possible. Alternately, cooling takes place during a separate sequence when the laser is not operating. Industrial applications include new material working processes. 5 figs.

Albrecht, G.; George, E.V.; Krupke, W.F.; Sooy, W.; Sutton, S.B.

1996-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

57

High energy bursts from a solid state laser operated in the heat capacity limited regime  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High energy bursts are produced from a solid state laser operated in a heat capacity limited regime. Instead of cooling the laser, the active medium is thermally well isolated. As a result, the active medium will heat up until it reaches some maximum acceptable temperature. The waste heat is stored in the active medium itself. Therefore, the amount of energy the laser can put out during operation is proportional to its mass, the heat capacity of the active medium, and the temperature difference over which it is being operated. The high energy burst capacity of a heat capacity operated solid state laser, together with the absence of a heavy, power consuming steady state cooling system for the active medium, will make a variety of applications possible. Alternately, cooling takes place during a separate sequence when the laser is not operating. Industrial applications include new material working processes.

Albrecht, Georg (Livermore, CA); George, E. Victor (Livermore, CA); Krupke, William F. (Pleasanton, CA); Sooy, Walter (Pleasanton, CA); Sutton, Steven B. (Manteca, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Determination of operating limits for radionuclides for a proposed landfill at Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant  

SciTech Connect

The operating limits for radionuclides in sanitary and industrial wastes were determined for a proposed landfill at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP), Kentucky. These limits, which may be very small but nonzero, are not mandated by law or regulation but are needed for rational operation. The approach was based on analyses of the potential contamination of groundwater at the plant boundary and the potential exposure to radioactivity of an intruder at the landfill after closure. The groundwater analysis includes (1) a source model describing the disposal of waste and the release of radionuclides from waste to the groundwater, (2) site-specific groundwater flow and contaminant transport calculations, and (3) calculations of operating limits from the dose limit and conversion factors. The intruder analysis includes pathways through ingestion of contaminated vegetables and soil, external exposure to contaminated soil, and inhalation of suspended activity from contaminated soil particles. In both analyses, a limit on annual effective dose equivalent of 4 mrem (0.04 mSv) was adopted. The intended application of the results is to refine the radiological monitoring standards employed by the PGDP Health Physics personnel to determine what constitutes radioactive wastes, with concurrence of the Commonwealth of Kentucky.

Wang, J.C.; Lee, D.W.; Ketelle, R.H.; Lee, R.R.; Kocher, D.C.

1994-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

59

Limiter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A limiter with a specially contoured front face is provided. The front face of the limiter (the plasma-side face) is flat with a central indentation. In addition, the limiter shape is cylindrically symmetric so that the limiter can be rotated for greater heat distribution. This limiter shape accommodates the various power scrape-off distances lambda p, which depend on the parallel velocity, V/sub parallel/, of the impacting particles.

Cohen, S.A.; Hosea, J.C.; Timberlake, J.R.

1984-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

60

DOE-EM-STD-5505-96; DOE Limited Standard Operations Assessments  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EM-STD-5505-96 EM-STD-5505-96 May 1996 DOE LIMITED STANDARD OPERATIONS ASSESSMENTS U.S. Department of Energy AREA OPER Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; (423) 576-8401. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 487-4650. Order No. DE96009462 DOE-EM-STD-5505-96 iii FOREWORD 1. This Department of Energy limited standard is approved for use by all DOE-EM field components. 2. Beneficial comments (recommendations, additions, deletions) and any pertinent data that

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Notice of Emergency Action - Emergency Order To Resume Limited...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emergency Action - Emergency Order To Resume Limited Operation at the Potomac River Generating Station, Alexandria, VA, in Response to Electricity Reliability Concerns in...

62

Wavelet technique based islanding detection and improved repetitive current control for reliable operation of grid-connected PV systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recent years have witnessed a thrust towards the use of solar energy as the major renewable energy source for distributed power generation. The proposed system requires reliable detection technique and suitable current control strategy for proper operation. This paper focuses on plug-in repetitive current (RC) control strategy for grid connected inverter system and wavelet technique for electrical grid status identification. The performance of proposed current control technique employed for grid connected inverter system under distorted and unbalanced grid voltage is compared with the existing conventional methods like PI and PR controller. This controller uses the feedback control system for attenuating periodic disturbances, improving high quality sinusoidal output current and high power factor. The proposed scheme employs fourth order infinite impulse response (IIR) filter for maintaining its resonance frequency, output frequency matching with grid fundamental frequency and reduction of harmonics. The DC-DC boost converter implements incremental conductance based (INC) maximum power point tracker (MPPT) algorithm. The effects of LCL filter for improving disturbance rejection capability and dynamic performance of the proposed system is also demonstrated. Grid connected PV inverter employs wavelet technique for an islanding detection functionality in order to determine the status of the electrical grid. In order to show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm, modeling and simulation for grid connected PV system is performed using MATLAB/SIMULINK and its PowerSim toolbox.

Smitha Joyce Pinto; Gayadhar Panda

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Use of Frequency Response Metrics to Assess the Planning and Operating Requirements for Reliable Integration of Variable Renewable Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007. Integration of Renewable Resources. Transmissionfor integrating renewable resources on the California ISO-assess the level of renewable resources that can be reliably

Eto, Joseph H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Limiter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A limiter with a specially contoured front face accommodates the various power scrape-off distances .lambda..sub.p, which depend on the parallel velocity, V.sub..parallel., of the impacting particles. The front face of the limiter (the plasma-side face) is flat with a central indentation. In addition, the limiter shape is cylindrically symmetric so that the limiter can be rotated for greater heat distribution.

Cohen, Samuel A. (Hopewell, NJ); Hosea, Joel C. (Princeton, NJ); Timberlake, John R. (Allentown, NJ)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Limited field investigation report for the 100-DR-1 Operable Unit  

SciTech Connect

This limited field investigation (LFI) report summarizes the data collection and analysis activities conducted during the 100-DR-1 Source Operable Unite LFI and the associated qualitative risk assessment (QRA), and makes recommendations on the continued candidacy of high-priority sites for interim remedial measures (IRM). The results and recommendations presented in this report are generally independent of future land use scenarios. The 100-DR-1 Operable Unit is one of four operable units associated with the 100 D/DR Area at the Hanford Site. The 100-DR-1 Operable Unit encompasses approximately 1.5 km{sup 2} (0.59 mi{sup 2}) and is located immediately adjacent to the Columbia River shoreline. In general, it contains waste facilities associated with the original plant facilities constructed to support D Reactor facilities, as well as cooling water retention basin systems for both D and DR Reactors. The 100-DR-1 LFI began the investigative phase of the remedial investigation for a select number of high-priority sites. The LFI was performed to provide additional data needed to support selection, design and implementation of IRM, if needed. The LFI included data compilation, nonintrusive investigations, intrusive investigations, summarization of 100 Area aggregate studies, and data evaluation.

Not Available

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Use of Frequency Response Metrics to Assess the Planning and Operating Requirements for Reliable Integration of Variable Renewable Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Load Following regulation and load following), but only to a limited extentregulation and load following), but only to a limited extent

Eto, Joseph H.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

CDX-U Operation with a Large Area Liquid Lithium Limiter  

SciTech Connect

The Current Drive experiment-Upgrade (CDX-U) at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory has begun experiments with a fully toroidal liquid lithium limiter. CDX-U is a compact [R = 34 cm, a = 22 cm, B(subscript)toroidal = 2 kG, I(subscript)P = 100 kA, T(subscript)e(0) {approx} 100 eV, n(subscript)e(0) {approx} 5 x 10{sup 19} m{sup -3}] short-pulse (<25 msec) spherical torus with extensive diagnostics. The limiter, which consists of a shallow circular stainless steel tray of radius 34 cm and width 10 cm, can be filled with lithium to a depth of a few millimeters, and forms the lower limiting surface for the discharge. Heating elements beneath the tray are used to liquefy the lithium prior to the experiment. Surface coatings are evident on part of the lithium. Despite the surface coatings, tokamak discharges operated in contact with the lithium-filled tray show evidence of reduced impurities and recycling. The reduction in recycling is largest when the lithium is liquefied by heating to 250 degrees Celsius.

R. Majeski; M. Boaz; D. Hoffman; B. Jones; R. Kaita; H. Kugel; T. Munsat; J. Spaleta; V. Soukhanovskii; J. Timberlake; L. Zakharov; G. Antar; R. Doerner; S. Luckhardt; R.W. Conn; M. Finkenthal; D. Stutman; R. Maingi; and M. Ulrickson

2002-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

68

Theory of factors limiting high gradient operation of warm accelerating structures  

SciTech Connect

This final report summarizes the research performed during the time period from 8/1/2010 to 7/31/2013. It consists of two parts describing our studies in two directions: (a) analysis of factors limiting operation of dielectric-loaded accelerating (DLA) structures where the main problem is the occurrence of multipactor on dielectric surfaces, and (b) studies of effects associated with either RF magnetic or RF electric fields which may cause the RF breakdown in high-gradient metallic accelerating structures. In the studies of DLA structures, at least, two accomplishments should be mentioned: the development of a 3D non-stationary, self-consistent code describing the multipactor phenomena and yielding very good agreement with some experimental data obtained in joint ANL/NRL experiments. In the metallic structures, such phenomena as the heating and melting of micro-particles (metallic dust) by RF electric and magnetic fields in single-shot and rep-rate regimes is analyzed. Also, such processes in micro-protrusions on the structure surfaces as heating and melting due to the field emitted current and the Nottingham effect are thoroughly investigated with the account for space charge of emitted current on the field emission from the tip.

Nusinovich, Gregory S. [University of Maryland; Antonsen, Thomas M. [University of Maryland; Kishek, Rami [University of Maryland

2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

69

SlowReq: A Weapon for Cyberwarfare Operations. Characteristics, Limits, Performance, Remediations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the last years, with the advent of the Internet, cyberwarfare operations moved from the battlefield to the cyberspace, locally or remotely executing sabotage or espionage operations in order to weaken the e...

Maurizio Aiello; Gianluca Papaleo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Design modification for the modular helium reactor for higher temperature operation and reliability studies for nuclear hydrogen production processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these modifications together, the PVT is reduced to ~350 0C while keeping the outlet temperature at 950 0C and maintaining the PFT within acceptable limits. The vessel and fuel temperatures during low pressure conduction cooldown and high pressure conduction cooldown...

Reza, S.M. Mohsin

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

NREL: Gearbox Reliability Collaborative - Gearbox Reliability Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

All Members Meeting All Members Meeting The Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) All Members Meeting was held on February 4-5, 2013. The meeting covered advancements made across the NREL GRC project and the latest industry updates on gearbox reliability and operations and maintenance practices. The presentations covered gearbox design updates, gearbox testing updates, experimental data analysis, and operations and maintenance research. Presentations Monday, February 4 Time Presenter Organization Presentation 8:30 a.m. Paul Veers NREL Welcome 8:45 a.m. Mike Derby DOE Overview 9:05 a.m. Jon Keller NREL Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Status and Plans 9:20 a.m. Hal Link NREL New Gearbox #2 Test Plan 9:40 a.m. Hal Link NREL NWTC Dynos and Grid Simulator 10:00 a.m. Jon Keller/Brian McNiff NREL/MLI Gearbox Reliability Collaborative, Phase 3: High Speed Shaft Bearing Loads

72

Emergence of energy storage technologies as the solution for reliable operation of smart power systems: A review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The ever increasing penetration of renewable energy systems (RESs) in today deregulated intelligent power grids, necessitates the use of electrical storage systems. Energy storage systems (ESSs) are helpful to make balance between generation and demand improving the performance of whole power grid. In collaboration with RESs, energy storage devices can be integrated into the power networks to bring ancillary service for the power system and hence enable an increased penetration of distributed generation (DG) units. This paper presents different applications of electrical energy storage technologies in power systems emphasizing on the collaboration of such entities with RESs. The role of \\{ESSs\\} in intelligent micropower grids is also discussed where the stochastic nature of renewable energy sources may affect the power quality. Particular attention is paid to flywheel storage, electrochemical storage, pumped hydroelectric storage, and compressed air storage and their operating principle are discussed as well. The application of each type in the area of power system is investigated and compared to others.

Sam Koohi-Kamali; V.V. Tyagi; N.A. Rahim; N.L. Panwar; H. Mokhlis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Reliability Standards Owner  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This position is located in the Internal Operations and Asset Management group of Planning and Asset Management (TP). A successful candidate in this position will serve as the Reliability Standards...

74

Evaluation of design and operating speeds for crest vertical curves with limited sight distance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Puerto Colon field is located in the Putumayo basin in southern Colombia, South America, and is operated by Empresa Colombiana de petroleos (ECOPETROL), which is the national oil company. The field produces from the Cretaceous sandstones...

Russell, Charles William

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Criticality Safety Evaluations on the Use of 200-gram Pu Mass Limit for RHWM Waste Storage Operations  

SciTech Connect

This work establishes the criticality safety technical basis to increase the fissile mass limit from 120 grams to 200 grams for Type A 55-gallon drums and their equivalents. Current RHWM fissile mass limit is 120 grams Pu for Type A 55-gallon containers and their equivalent. In order to increase the Type A 55-gallon drum limit to 200 grams, a few additional criticality safety control requirements are needed on moderators, reflectors, and array controls to ensure that the 200-gram Pu drums remain criticality safe with inadvertent criticality remains incredible. The purpose of this work is to analyze the use of 200-gram Pu drum mass limit for waste storage operations in Radioactive and Hazardous Waste Management (RHWM) Facilities. In this evaluation, the criticality safety controls associated with the 200-gram Pu drums are established for the RHWM waste storage operations. With the implementation of these criticality safety controls, the 200-gram Pu waste drum storage operations are demonstrated to be criticality safe and meet the double-contingency-principle requirement per DOE O 420.1.

Chou, P

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

76

Optimized Operation Strategies for PV Storages Systems Yield Limitations, Optimized Battery Configuration and the Benefit of a Perfect Forecast  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Decreasing feed in tariffs and system prices combined with an increase of electricity tariffs supports the trend to install PV storage systems in private households. In the past years several investigations and field trials have shown, that these systems can increase the self consumption of PV-power and support the self sufficiency of private households [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6]. These systems also have a positive influence on the low-voltage grid [7], [8]. In recent years several investigations have been done to determine the optimal system configuration. They focus on the storage and PV generator size [9] or the applied storage technology [10]. In general, the mode of operation follows a simple regime: If PV production is larger than the actual consumption, PV power is stored. If the local consumption is higher than the actual PV production, stored power is used as long as available. Only slight modifications have been done, to map the price and efficiency effects of power electronics [11], [12]. Therefore, the results are limited to a single mode of operation. In this presentation, we derive a mathematical framework, which allows the calculation of the upper performance limit for a specific household and storage system, without any assumption on the operation strategy. We apply these analysis to a large set of German households and compare the upper performance limit for two different storage system designs: A system with relative short lifetime and small capacity on the one hand and another with a long lifetime and larger capacity

Armin U. Schmiegel; Andreas Kleine

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Electricity Reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability High Temperature Superconductivity (HTS) Visualization in the future because they have virtually no resistance to electric current, offering the possibility of new electric power equipment with more energy efficiency and higher capacity than today's systems

78

2007 iREP Symposium-Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control -VII, Revitalizing Operational Reliability August 19-24, 2007, Charleston, SC, USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliability August 19-24, 2007, Charleston, SC, USA 1-4244-1519-5/07/$25.00 ©2007 IEEE. Lessons from the 2006 Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA Abstract The high prices

Gross, George

79

NREL: Gearbox Reliability Collaborative - About the Gearbox Reliability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative About the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Premature gearbox failures have a significant impact on the cost of wind farm operations. In 2007, NREL initiated the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC). The project combines field testing, dynamometer testing, analysis, modeling, condition monitoring, development of a failure database, and operations and maintenance research in a multi-pronged approach to determine why wind turbine gearboxes do not always achieve their expected design life-the time period that manufacturers expect them to last. The collaborative of manufacturers, owners, operators, researchers, and consultants focuses on gearbox modeling and testing and the development of a gearbox failure database. Collaborative members also investigate gearbox

80

2007 iREP Symposium-Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control -VII, Revitalizing Operational Reliability August 19-24, 2007, Charleston, SC, USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007 iREP Symposium- Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control - VII, Revitalizing Operational and system operations, the multiple markets and the participation of financial players make the operational the system and market operations is well understood on a qualitative basis, the quantification

Gross, George

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81

OPERATIONAL LIMITATIONS FOR DEMOLITION OF A HIGHLY ALPHA CONTAMINATED BUILDING MODLES VERSUS MEASURED AIR & SURFACE ACTIVITY CONCENTRATIONS  

SciTech Connect

The demolition of a facility historically used for processing and handling transuranic materials is considered. Residual alpha emitting radionuclide contamination poses an exposure hazard if released to the local environment during the demolition. The process of planning for the demolition of this highly alpha contaminated building, 232-Z, included a predemolition modeling analysis of potential exposures. Estimated emission rates were used as input to an air dispersion model to estimate frequencies of occurrence of peak air and surface exposures. Postdemolition modeling was also conducted, based on the actual demolition schedule and conditions. The modeling results indicated that downwind deposition is the main operational limitation for demolition of a highly alpha-contaminated building. During the demolition of 232-Z, airborne radiation and surface contamination were monitored. The resultant non-detect monitoring results indicate a significant level of conservatism in the modeled results. This comparison supports the use of more realistic assumption in the estimating emission rates. The resultant reduction in modeled levels of potential exposures has significant implications in terms of the projected costs of demolition of such structures.

LLOYD, E.R.

2006-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

82

Statistical analysis of operational reliability for electric pump units CN 60180 of VVER-1000 reactors with root estimation methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the problem of processing statistical data obtained during the operation of pumping units CN 60180 operating as standard equipment of the VVER-1000 reactors. Data for analysis was taken from the indu...

A. V. Antonov; V. A. Chepurko; N. G. Zyulyaeva

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Corporation (NERC): Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid. NERC develops and enforces Reliability Standards; assesses adequacy annually via a ten-year forcast and winter and summer forecasts; monitors the bulk power systems; and educates, trains, and certifies industry personnel. North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid More Documents & Publications Re: DOE Request for Information - Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to

84

Transmission Reliability | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transmission Reliability Transmission Reliability Transmission Reliability Modernizing America's electricity infrastructure is one of the U.S. Department of Energy's top priorities. The DOE Strategic Plan states that today's electric grid needs to be more efficient, reliable, and secure. A modern, smarter electric grid may save consumers money, help our economy run more efficiently, allow rapid growth in renewable energy sources, and enhance energy reliability. The Department's research into a variety of tools that will improve advanced system monitoring, visualization, control, operations, and market structure will ultimately modernize the electricity transmission infrastructure to ease congestion, allow for increases in demand, and provide a greater degree of security. The Transmission Reliability Program is aligned with this strategic plan

85

NREL: Gearbox Reliability Collaborative - Gearbox Reliability Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications Publications Screenshot of the cover of an NREL report, titled Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Project Report: Findings from Phase 1 and Phase 2 testing. The NREL wind research program's Gearbox Reliability Collaborative publishes reports and presentations of its activities. General Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Phase 3 Gearbox 2 Test Plan 2013 DOE/NREL Gearbox Reliability Collaborative: All Members Meeting Agenda 2012 Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Phase 1 and 2: Testing and Modeling Results 2012 Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Update: A Brief (Presentation) Jan 2012 Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Update (Presentation) April 2012 NREL Collaborates to Improve Wind Turbine Technology (Fact Sheet) 2012 Gearbox Reliability Collaborative - Phase 1 and 2 Overview

86

Sandia National Laboratories: Third Annual Continuous Reliability...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

analysis of U.S. wind fleet performance based on aggregated fleet reliability data and includes operational statistics, availability time accounting, and top contributors...

87

Analysis of the operational reliability of a power-generating unit with a BN-600 reactor during the period 19801993  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The high quality of the design and the additional improvements to separate units of the main equipment and systems at the initial stage of operation (first main circulation pump, steam generators, safety and c...

N. N. Oshkanov; A. G. Sheinkman; P. P. Govorov

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Experience in operating and upgrading the No. 5 unit of the Novovoronezh nuclear power plant practical base for developing a reliable source of nuclear energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The No. 5 unit of the Novovoronezh nuclear power plant, starting commercial operations on September 26, 1980, is the first power-generating unit with a 1000 MW VVER in our country. The assimilation of its power g...

I. L. Vitkovskii

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

The Whereabouts of Reliability Education: Challenges & Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. There is a gap between reliability theory and practice, between school and industry, book knowledge and real The probability that the system is still operating at time t. where f(t) probability density function h(t) failure changing and getting higher. #12;Some Reliability books in ... 1960s Igor Bazovsky (1961), Reliability

Bernstein, Joseph B.

90

NREL: Wind Research - Gearbox Reliability Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Research Search More Search Options Site Map Premature gearbox failures have a significant impact on the cost of wind farm operations. In 2007, NREL initiated the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC). The project combines analysis, field testing, dynamometer testing, condition monitoring, and the development and population of a gearbox failure database in a multi-pronged approach to determine why many wind turbine gearboxes do not achieve their expected design life-the time period that manufacturers expect them to last. Read about: The Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Projects Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Research and Development Working with the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Publications

91

Development, Updating and Long-Term Operations of a 10.5 kV HTS Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are many irreplaceable advantages of high temperature superconducting (HTS) fault current limiter, applying in electric utilities. It is expected to be able to solve excessive fault current problems and to ...

J. Zhang; S. Dai; Y. Teng; D. Zhang; N. Song

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Virtually simulating the next generation of clean energy technologies: NETL's AVESTAR Center is dedicated to the safe, reliable and efficient operation of advanced energy plants with carbon capture  

SciTech Connect

Imagine using a real-time virtual simulator to learn to fly a space shuttle or rebuild your car's transmission without touching a piece of equipment or getting your hands dirty. Now, apply this concept to learning how to operate and control a state-of-the-art, electricity-producing power plant capable of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) capture. That's what the National Energy Technology Laboratory's (NETL) Advanced Virtual Energy Simulation Training and Research (AVESTAR) Center (www.netl.doe.gov/avestar) is designed to do. Established as part of the Department of Energy's (DOE) initiative to advance new clean energy technology for power generation, the AVESTAR Center focuses primarily on providing simulation-based training for process engineers and energy plant operators, starting with the deployment of a first-of-a-kind operator training simulator for an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plant with CO{sub 2} capture. The IGCC dynamic simulator builds on, and reaches beyond, conventional power plant simulators to merge, for the first time, a 'gasification with CO{sub 2} capture' process simulator with a 'combined-cycle' power simulator. Based on Invensys Operations Management's SimSci-Esscor DYNSIM software, the high-fidelity dynamic simulator provides realistic training on IGCC plant operations, including normal and faulted operations, as well as plant start-up, shutdown and power demand load changes. The highly flexible simulator also allows for testing of different types of fuel sources, such as petcoke and biomass, as well as co-firing fuel mixtures. The IGCC dynamic simulator is available at AVESTAR's two locations, NETL (Figure 1) and West Virginia University's National Research Center for Coal and Energy (www.nrcce.wvu.edu), both in Morgantown, W.Va. By offering a comprehensive IGCC training program, AVESTAR aims to develop a workforce well prepared to operate, control and manage commercial-scale gasification-based power plants with CO{sub 2} capture. The facility and simulator at West Virginia University promotes NETL's outreach mission by offering hands-on simulator training and education to researchers and university students.

Zitney, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

CERTS 2012 Program Review - Automatic Reliability Reports (ARR) Research & Implementation - Pete Sauer, U Illinois  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grid Performance Metrics Using Model-less Algorithms Prototype Development and Field Test at MISO Pete Sauer - University of Illinois June 12-13, 2012 Washington D.C. FY12 DOE/NETL Transmission Reliability R&D Internal Program Review * Project objectives * Accomplishments this year * Deliverables and schedule * Risk factors affecting timely completion * Possible follow-on funding in FY 13 * Model-less algorithm description * Real data example * Issues * Post-contingency analysis Presentation Outline 1 * Provide automated reliability measures of closeness to operations limits with minimal model data * Verify adequacy and accuracy of voltage, thermal and stability transmission reliability metrics and model-less algorithms for automated reports

94

This letter is in response to the Department of Energy Emergency Order to Resume Limited Operation at the Potomac River Genera  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 th , 2007 Anthony J. Como Permitting, Siting, and Analysis Division Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585-0119 Dear Mr.Como: This letter is in response to the Department of Energy Special Environmental Analysis for Actions Taken under the U.S Department of Energy Emergency Orders Regarding Operation of the Potomac River Generating Station in Alexandria, Virginia. Air Quality impacts This study neglects to report the spatial distribution of modeled pollutant concentrations The only information provided in this regard is that maximum modeled pollutant concentrations occur in Alexandria. Were there modeled NAAQS exceedances elsewhere, such as in the District of Columbia ?

95

Accuracy on eigenvalues for a Schrodinger operator with a degenerate potential in the semi-classical limit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a semi-classical Schrodinger operator with a degenerate potential V(x,y) =f(x) g(y) . g is assumed to be a homogeneous positive function of m variables and f is a strictly positive function of n variables, with a strict minimum. We give sharp asymptotic behaviour of low eigenvalues bounded by some power of the parameter h, by improving Born-Oppenheimer approximation.

Abderemane Morame; Francoise Truc

2006-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

96

A Novel Virtual Age Reliability Model for Time-to-Failure Prediction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

counts, devices approaching physical feature size limits and nuclear plant comparable power densityA Novel Virtual Age Reliability Model for Time-to-Failure Prediction Yao Wang, Sorin Cotofana their relatively short operating lifetime. To overcome the MTTF weakness, this paper proposes a novel virtual age

Kuzmanov, Georgi

97

Functional reliability analysis of Safety Grade Decay Heat Removal System of Indian 500MWe PFBR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Passive systems are increasingly deployed in nuclear industry with an objective of increasing reliability and safety of operations with reduced cost. Methods for assessing the reliability of thermalhydraulic passive systems, that is systems with moving working fluid, address the issues in natural buoyancy-driven flow that could result in a failure to meet the design safety limits under accident scenarios. This is referred as design functional reliability. This paper presents the results of functional reliability analysis carried out for the passive Safety Grade Decay Heat Removal System (SGDHRS) of Indian Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR). The analysis is carried out based on the overall approach reported in the Reliability Methods for Passive System (RMPS, European Commission) project. Functional failure probability is calculated using Monte-Carlo method and also with method of moments.

T. Sajith Mathews; M. Ramakrishnan; U. Parthasarathy; A. John Arul; C. Senthil Kumar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Reliability-Centered Maintenance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Reliability-centered maintenance leverages the same practices and technologies of predictive maintenance.

99

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and winter and summer forecasts; monitors the bulk power systems; and educates, trains, and certifies industry personnel. North American Electric Reliability Corporation...

100

2013 Reliability & Markets Peer Review | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 Reliability & Markets Peer Review 2013 Reliability & Markets Peer Review 2013 Reliability & Markets Peer Review The Transmission Reliability R&D Reliability & Markets Peer Review included 13 presentations over 2 days on August 6 - 7, 2013 at Cornell University in Ithaca, NY. Presentations are available through the links. The agenda and list of presentations are included below. The Reliability and Markets activity of the Transmission Reliability program researches, develops, and implements electricity infrastructure and market simulations that integrate economics and engineering principles. The activity helps to ensure electric reliability, while also improving the efficiency and economics of market operations. Day 1: August 6 Session I Transmission Investment Assessment Under Uncertainty, Ben Hobbs,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Definition: Reliability Coordinator Information System | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reliability Coordinator Information System Reliability Coordinator Information System Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reliability Coordinator Information System The system that Reliability Coordinators use to post messages and share operating information in real time.[1] Related Terms Reliability Coordinator References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Reliability_Coordinator_Information_System&oldid=480407" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

102

Cloud Operations Excellence & Reliability Page 1 Excellence &  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and our sites secure from attack, while protecting the privacy of personally identifiable information

Chaudhuri, Surajit

103

Reliability Assessment Incorporating Operational Considerations and Economic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aspects for Large Interconnected Grids Project Team George Gross, Project Leader University of Illinois For information about this project contact: George Gross Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

104

Limited Lawn & Limited Commercial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limited Lawn & Ornamental Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance Review and Exams Limited for Commercial Landscape Maintenance Application: http://www.flaes.org/ pdf/lndspckt.pdf Limited Certification.floridatermitehelp.org or request by phone at 850-921-4177. Limited Lawn & Ornamental/Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance

Watson, Craig A.

105

Limited Lawn & Limited Commercial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limited Lawn & Ornamental Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance Review and Exams Limited-921-4177. Limited Lawn & Ornamental/Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance: Ornamental and Turf Pest Control (SM 7&O/Structural only). See web locations below for applications. Limited Certification for Commercial Landscape

Jawitz, James W.

106

Systematic evaluation of the reliability of marine diesel engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A systematic model is proposed for evaluating the operational reliability of marine diesel engines. In mathematical terms, the model is ... permits the estimation of the overall reliability of marine diesel engines

G. S. Gamidov; N. K. Sanaev; Z. I. Adeev

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Human Reliability Program Overview  

SciTech Connect

This presentation covers the high points of the Human Reliability Program, including certification/decertification, critical positions, due process, organizational structure, program components, personnel security, an overview of the US DOE reliability program, retirees and academia, and security program integration.

Bodin, Michael

2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

108

Power electronics reliability analysis.  

SciTech Connect

This report provides the DOE and industry with a general process for analyzing power electronics reliability. The analysis can help with understanding the main causes of failures, downtime, and cost and how to reduce them. One approach is to collect field maintenance data and use it directly to calculate reliability metrics related to each cause. Another approach is to model the functional structure of the equipment using a fault tree to derive system reliability from component reliability. Analysis of a fictitious device demonstrates the latter process. Optimization can use the resulting baseline model to decide how to improve reliability and/or lower costs. It is recommended that both electric utilities and equipment manufacturers make provisions to collect and share data in order to lay the groundwork for improving reliability into the future. Reliability analysis helps guide reliability improvements in hardware and software technology including condition monitoring and prognostics and health management.

Smith, Mark A.; Atcitty, Stanley

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Establish Reliable Fuel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Establish Reliable Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Establish Reliable Fuel Services Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Establish Reliable Fuel Services GNEP would build and strengthen a reliable international fuel services consortium under which "fuel supplier nations" would choose to operate both nuclear power plants and fuel production and handling facilities, providing reliable fuel services to "user nations" that choose to only operate nuclear power plants. This international consortium is a critical component of the GNEP initiative to build an improved, more proliferation-resistant nuclear fuel cycle that recycles used fuel, while Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Fact Sheet - Establish Reliable Fuel Services More Documents & Publications

110

Federal Energy Management Program: Reliability-Centered Maintenance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reliability-Centered Maintenance to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Reliability-Centered Maintenance on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Reliability-Centered Maintenance on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Reliability-Centered Maintenance on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Reliability-Centered Maintenance on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Reliability-Centered Maintenance on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Reliability-Centered Maintenance on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Federal Requirements Program Management Commissioning Metering Computerized Maintenance Management Systems

111

Waste Feed Delivery System Phase 1 Preliminary Reliability and Availability and Maintainability Analysis [SEC 1 and 2  

SciTech Connect

The document presents updated results of the preliminary reliability, availability, maintainability analysis performed for delivery of waste feed from tanks 241-AZ-101 and 241-AN-105 to British Nuclear Fuels Limited, inc. under the Tank Waste Remediation System Privatization Contract. The operational schedule delay risk is estimated and contributing factors are discussed.

CARLSON, A.B.

1999-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

112

Operational Strategies for Battery Storage Systems in Low-voltage Distribution Grids to Limit the Feed-in Power of Roof-mounted Solar Power Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Due to the high amount of installed solar power systems in Germany, the low-voltage distribution grids reach their maximum capacities in periods of high insolation. In order to ensure a proper integration of today's and especially the prospective solar energy, grid reinforcement is a common method to increase the transmission capacity. As an alternative to this costly and intricate approach, local battery storage systems can be used to store the surplus generation and limit the feed-in power of the solar power systems. In this paper, two different operational strategies for battery storage systems together with solar power systems for self-consumption are presented and evaluated. Results show that the feed-in power can be distinctly reduced without generating significant losses for the system-owner.

Alexander Zeh; Rolf Witzmann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

LAMPF reliability history and program  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many years of service of the 800?MeV LAMPF H+/H? linac offers the opportunity to evaluate the long?term reliability characteristics of a high?power machine which with up to 800?kW beam power available is as close to an ADTT machine as exists in the world today. Records from the last 15 years of operation were analyzed for trends and areas of deteriorating reliability or disproportionate downtime and used to support engineering judgment on facility refurbishment to regain beam availability. This round of analysis has helped define a further level of detail and automation to be implemented in availability recording. Interesting features which emerge from the history include a clear measurement of the lower availability in the first operating cycle following extended maintenance periods and a consistent picture of the highest availability to be expected in extended operating periods with the facility as used and maintained. The results provide a starting point for informed discussion of reliability goals.

Olin van Dyck

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

NREL: Performance and Reliability R&D - PV Module Reliability...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reliability R and D Printable Version PV Module Reliability Workshop NREL hosts an annual Photovoltaic Module Reliability Workshop (PVMRW) so that solar technology experts can...

115

Appears in Dependable Systems and Networks (DSN), July 2001 We propose a fault-tolerant approach to reliable micropro-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that manufactured parts work reliably in varied (and occasionally adverse) operating conditions. If successful

Austin, Todd M.

116

Innovation Impact, Wind: NREL Collaborative Improves the Reliability...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collaborative Improves the Reliability of Wind Turbine Gearboxes Gearbox failures have a significant impact on the cost of wind farm operations. To help minimize gearbox failures,...

117

Distribution system reliability analysis for smart grid applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Reliability of power systems is a key aspect in modern power system planning, design, and operation. The ascendance of the smart grid concept has provided (more)

Aljohani, Tawfiq Masad

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Modeling of Shield-Type Superconducting Fault-Current-Limiter Operation Considering Flux Pinning Effect on Flux and Supercurrent Density in High-Temperature Superconductor Cylinders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Superconducting fault current limiter, SFCL, forms an important category of fault-current-limiting devices which limit the short-circuit current levels in electrical networks. Therefore, modeling ... its main ope...

Arsalan Hekmati

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Medical Aspects of Reliability  

SciTech Connect

This presentation covers the medical evaluation as part of a human reliability program, particularly the various medical qualifications and potential disqualifiers.

Atencio, Julian J.

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

120

Reliable Ad Hoc Group Communication using Local Neighborhoods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Reliable Ad Hoc Group Communication using Local Neighborhoods Lawrence Klos, Golden G. Richard Abstract - In this paper an enhanced reliability protocol added to the ODMRP multicast ad hoc protocol by operational phase. Index Terms ­ Mobile Networking, Ad Hoc Wireless, Multicast, Reliable, ODMRP. I

Richard III, Golden G.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

College of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability College of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability College of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Vision OE recognizes that our Nation's sustained economic prosperity, quality of life, and global competitiveness depend on access to an abundance of secure, reliable, and affordable energy resources. Through a mix of technology and policy solutions, we will address the changing dynamics and uncertainties in which the electric system will operate. We will leverage effective partnerships, solid research, and best practices to address diverse interests in achieving economic, societal, and environmental objectives. Resources Explore the following topics at OE's College of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability:

122

Hawaii electric system reliability.  

SciTech Connect

This report addresses Hawaii electric system reliability issues; greater emphasis is placed on short-term reliability but resource adequacy is reviewed in reference to electric consumers' views of reliability %E2%80%9Cworth%E2%80%9D and the reserve capacity required to deliver that value. The report begins with a description of the Hawaii electric system to the extent permitted by publicly available data. Electrical engineering literature in the area of electric reliability is researched and briefly reviewed. North American Electric Reliability Corporation standards and measures for generation and transmission are reviewed and identified as to their appropriateness for various portions of the electric grid and for application in Hawaii. Analysis of frequency data supplied by the State of Hawaii Public Utilities Commission is presented together with comparison and contrast of performance of each of the systems for two years, 2010 and 2011. Literature tracing the development of reliability economics is reviewed and referenced. A method is explained for integrating system cost with outage cost to determine the optimal resource adequacy given customers' views of the value contributed by reliable electric supply. The report concludes with findings and recommendations for reliability in the State of Hawaii.

Silva Monroy, Cesar Augusto; Loose, Verne William

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Reliable High Performance Peta- and Exa-Scale Computing  

SciTech Connect

As supercomputers become larger and more powerful, they are growing increasingly complex. This is reflected both in the exponentially increasing numbers of components in HPC systems (LLNL is currently installing the 1.6 million core Sequoia system) as well as the wide variety of software and hardware components that a typical system includes. At this scale it becomes infeasible to make each component sufficiently reliable to prevent regular faults somewhere in the system or to account for all possible cross-component interactions. The resulting faults and instability cause HPC applications to crash, perform sub-optimally or even produce erroneous results. As supercomputers continue to approach Exascale performance and full system reliability becomes prohibitively expensive, we will require novel techniques to bridge the gap between the lower reliability provided by hardware systems and users unchanging need for consistent performance and reliable results. Previous research on HPC system reliability has developed various techniques for tolerating and detecting various types of faults. However, these techniques have seen very limited real applicability because of our poor understanding of how real systems are affected by complex faults such as soft fault-induced bit flips or performance degradations. Prior work on such techniques has had very limited practical utility because it has generally focused on analyzing the behavior of entire software/hardware systems both during normal operation and in the face of faults. Because such behaviors are extremely complex, such studies have only produced coarse behavioral models of limited sets of software/hardware system stacks. Since this provides little insight into the many different system stacks and applications used in practice, this work has had little real-world impact. My project addresses this problem by developing a modular methodology to analyze the behavior of applications and systems during both normal and faulty operation. By synthesizing models of individual components into a whole-system behavior models my work is making it possible to automatically understand the behavior of arbitrary real-world systems to enable them to tolerate a wide range of system faults. My project is following a multi-pronged research strategy. Section II discusses my work on modeling the behavior of existing applications and systems. Section II.A discusses resilience in the face of soft faults and Section II.B looks at techniques to tolerate performance faults. Finally Section III presents an alternative approach that studies how a system should be designed from the ground up to make resilience natural and easy.

Bronevetsky, G

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

124

Development in structural systems reliability theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with two topics on structural systems reliability theory. One covers automatic generation of failure mode equations, identifications of stochastically dominant failure modes, and reliability assessment of redundant structures. Reduced stiffness matrixes and equivalent nodal forces representing the failed elements are introduced for expressing the safety margins of the elements, using a matrix method. Dominant failure modes are systematically selected by a branch-and-bound technique and heuristic operations. The other discusses the various optimum design problems based on reliability concept. Those problems are interpreted through a solution to a multi-objective optimization problem.

Y. Murotsu

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

32 - Reliability in instrumentation and control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Reliability is generally defined as the probability that a component or assembly operates without failure for a prescribed period under specified conditions. To ensure a meaningful result, the conditions of operation, both physical and electrical, must be specified in detail as the standard of performance is required. The chapter also discusses reliability and mean time between failures (MTBF). It is convenient to look for value; the one usually adopted is MTBF. This applies to a maintained system in which each failure is repaired and the equipment is then restored to service. For systems, which cannot be maintained, such as satellite control systems, the value of interest is the mean time to failure (MTTF). Another measure of reliability that is often quoted is failure ratethat is, the number of failures per unit time. This is particularly useful in relation to individual components because it is the most convenient figure to use when estimating the reliability of a complete system in terms of the performance of its components. Equipment manufacturers generally quote MTBF as an indication of reliability as the value does not depend upon the operating period, which is often different for each user. However, reliability is the factor of prime concern to the user, and the relation between this and MTBF is thus important. The simplest case occurs when the failure rate, and thus, MTBF is constant with time.

J. Cluley

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Operations and Maintenance Program Measurement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Operations and maintenance (O&M) measurement tends to focus on reliability as the sole metric. Every Federal agency wants a reliable facility, but this metric alone is not enough to build a...

127

NREL: Gearbox Reliability Collaborative - Gearbox Reliability Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Projects Projects Gearbox deficiencies are the result of many factors. Through gearbox modeling and testing, condition monitoring, and the failure database, the collaborative is expanding the industry's knowledge base, recommending efficient and cost-effective improvements, and facilitating immediate improvements in the gearbox life cycle. Gearbox Modeling and Testing Illustration of representative gearbox including the hub, main bearing, main shaft, gearbox, brake, high speed shaft, generator, and bed plate. A complete gearbox redesign has been completed in a collaborative effort between NREL and industry partners. This process documented and analyzed the design process and produced a new gearbox design that integrates knowledge from previous Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) activities.

128

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Update (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation was given at the Sandia Reliability Workshop in August 2013 and provides information on current statistics, a status update, next steps, and other reliability research and development activities related to the Gearbox Reliability Collaborative.

Sheng, S.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Parametric probability distributions in reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parametric probability distributions in reliability F.P.A. Coolen Department of Mathematical parametric probability distributions which are frequently used in reliability. We present some main as models for specific reliability scenarios. Keywords: Binomial distribution, Exponential distribution

Coolen, Frank

130

Modelling Reliability of Train Arrival Times  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper deals with the scheduling of trains so as to minimise train trip times, whilst maximising reliability of arrival times. The amount of risk of delay associated with a schedule is used as the reliability component of a constrained schedule optimisation model. The paper outlines the model developed to quantify the risk of delays to individual trains, as well as to specific track segments and to the schedule as a whole. The risk model, which deals with single track operations, can be used to estimate the likely impact on reliability of arrival times of changes in train frequencies and operating practices; track and station infrastructure investment strategies; and train technology upgrading. An application of the model to the optimisation of schedules on a track corridor is described. The results obtained using the model are compared with the schedules used by train operations planning staff, in terms of overall delay and timetable reliability. The results highlight the significance of including a measure of timetable reliability, such as risk of delays, in the objective function for scheduling optimisation.

L. Ferreira; A. Higgins

131

Apply reliability centered maintenance to sealless pumps  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on reliability centered maintenance (RCM) which is considered a crucial part of future reliability engineering. RCM determines the maintenance requirements of plants and equipment in their operating context. The RCM method has been applied to the management of critical sealless pumps in fire/toxic risk services, typical of the petrochemical industry. The method provides advantages from a detailed study of any critical engineering system. RCM is a team exercise and fosters team spirit in the plant environment. The maintenance strategy that evolves is based on team decisions and relies on maximizing the inherent reliability built into the equipment. RCM recommends design upgrades where this inherent reliability is being questioned. Sealless pumps of canned motor design are used as main reactor charge pumps in PVC plants. These pumps handle fresh vinyl chloride monomer (VCM), which is both carcinogenic and flammable.

Pradhan, S. (Exxon Chemicals Canada, Ontario (Canada))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Comments on Department of Energy's Emergency Order To Resume Limited  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

on Department of Energy's Emergency Order To Resume on Department of Energy's Emergency Order To Resume Limited Operation at Mirant's Potomac River Generating Station and Proposed Mirant Compliance Plan Comments on Department of Energy's Emergency Order To Resume Limited Operation at Mirant's Potomac River Generating Station and Proposed Mirant Compliance Plan Docket No. EO-05-01: Riverkeeper, and the Anacostia Riverkeeper at Earth Conservation Corps, submits the following comments on the Department of Energy's December 20, 2005 Emergency Order 202-05-3 and on Mirant's proposed Compliance Plan filed pursuant to that Order. Dep't of Energy's Emergency Order To Resume Limited Operation at the Potomac River Generating Station, Alexandria, VA, in Response to Electricity Reliability Concerns in Washington, D.C., 71 Fed. Reg. 3279 (Jan. 20, 2006).

133

Functional reliability evaluation of an MTR-pool type research reactor core using the loadcapacity interference model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the functional reliability evaluation of Tehran Research Reactor (TRR) core in normal operation. The concept of functional reliability, borrowed from reliability physics, uses the well-known resistancestress or loadcapacity interference model that is used in the structural reliability framework. To use the loadcapacity interference model, uncertainties of significant parameters in system performance are propagated into system dynamics modeled with RELAP5/Mod 3.2 using Latin Hypercube Sampling (LHS) method and exceedance probability (EP) model is used as quantification method. The proposed method in this paper solves a common problem in reliability analysis, i.e., lack of sufficient failure data in specific operating conditions. Although defining failure criteria in normal operation are difficult, this paper focuses on the application of multiple states criteria to determine the status of a system. The status of the reactor core in normal operation is considered multiple states regarding to a performance representative parameter that is temperature in this work. Outlet temperatures of fuel hot and average channels were selected to be performance indicators in normal operation. Consulting with TRR engineers and operators as well as safety analysis report, two failure states were considered exceeding 65.1C and 58.9C for the hot channel and 50.4C and 45.6C for the average channel as upper and lower limits respectively. The calculated reliability was 9.1e?01 with 95% of confidence interval, which is in good agreement with experimental results. Using sensitivity analysis in input parameters, it was concluded that the value of the heat transfer coefficient parameter in fuel has the most significant effect on the results.

Ramin Barati; Saeed Setayeshi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Reliable quantum computers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the performance of a useful quantum computer will need to be. And that in itself...by the Department of Energy under Grant No. DE- FG03-92-ER40701, and...Lond. A (1998) Reliable quantum computers 409 References Aharonov, D. & Ben-Or...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Wood Durability Service & Reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wood Durability Laboratory Service & Reliability Equipment & Facilities Field sites for AWPA E-7 (mold) tests. Wood weathering facilities. Lab-scale pressure treating cylin- ders. X-ray preservative analyzer (Oxford Twin-X). State-of-the-art facilities for wood and plastics composites manufacturing

136

Interactive Off-Line Computer Modeling for Powerhouse Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimizing operating conditions in an industrial powerhouse is often a difficult task. Operators will normally choose the most reliable mode of operation without considering all aspects for best efficiency. To help bridge the gap between reliability...

Delk, S. R.; Jones, W. G.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections Map of the North American Electric Reliability...

138

Reliability of Electrical Interconnects (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation discusses the status of NREL's research on the reliability of electrical interconnects.

Devoto, D.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Human Reliability Program Workshop  

SciTech Connect

A Human Reliability Program (HRP) is designed to protect national security as well as worker and public safety by continuously evaluating the reliability of those who have access to sensitive materials, facilities, and programs. Some elements of a site HRP include systematic (1) supervisory reviews, (2) medical and psychological assessments, (3) management evaluations, (4) personnel security reviews, and (4) training of HRP staff and critical positions. Over the years of implementing an HRP, the Department of Energy (DOE) has faced various challenges and overcome obstacles. During this 4-day activity, participants will examine programs that mitigate threats to nuclear security and the insider threat to include HRP, Nuclear Security Culture (NSC) Enhancement, and Employee Assistance Programs. The focus will be to develop an understanding of the need for a systematic HRP and to discuss challenges and best practices associated with mitigating the insider threat.

Landers, John; Rogers, Erin; Gerke, Gretchen

2014-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

140

OPERATIONS (OPS)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OPS) OPS) OBJECTIVE OPS.1 The formality and discipline of operations is adequate to conduct work safely and programs are in place to maintain this formality and discipline. (CR 13) Scope: The Conduct of Operations Program was evaluated during the recent KE Basin FTS ORR and was found to be adequately implemented. Based on this result and the subsequent program enhancements, the scope of the review is to be limited to the SWS operating and maintenance evolutions. Criteria * Programmatic elements of conduct of operations are in place for SWS operations. (DOE Order 5480.19) * The SWS operations personnel adequately demonstrate the principles of conduct of operations requirements during the shift performance period. (DOE Order 5480.19)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Thermal-Hydraulic Bases for the Safety Limits and Limiting Safety System Settings for HFIR Operation at 100 MW and 468 psig Primary Pressure, Using Specially Selected Fuel Elements  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes thermal hydraulic analyses performed to support HFIR operation at 100 MW and 468 psig pressure using specially selected fuel elements. The analyses were performed with the HFIR steady state heat transfer code, originally developed during HFIR design. This report addresses the increased core heat removal capability which can be achieved in fuel elements having coolant channel thicknesses that exceed the minimum requirements of the HFIR fuel fabrication specifications. Specific requirements for the minimum value of effective uniform as-built coolant channel thickness are established for fuel elements to be used at 100 MW. The burnout correlation currently used in the steady-state heat transfer code was also compared with more recent experimental results for stability of high-velocity flow in narrow heated channels, and the burnout correlation was found to be conservative with respect to flow stability at typical HFIR hot channel exit conditions at full power.

Rothrock, R.B.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Substation Configuration Reliability 1 Reliability of Substation Configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Substation Configuration Reliability 1 Reliability of Substation Configurations Daniel Nack, Iowa substation, it still contains what could be described as weak points or points of failure that would lead to loss of load. By knowing how to calculate the reliability of different substation configurations

McCalley, James D.

143

Increasing the Reliability of Reliability Jochen Brocker1,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing the Reliability of Reliability Diagrams Jochen Br¨ocker1, and Leonard A. Smith1,2 1 University Oxford, UK Corresponding Author, cats@lse.ac.uk November 9, 2006 #12;Abstract The reliability; for the most part, ambiguities arise from variation in the distribution of forecast probabilities and from

Stevenson, Paul

144

Reliability Calculus: A Theoretical Framework To Analyze Communication Reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distribution function (CDF) of the message delays can be used as a metric to infer communication reliability. Note that the communication reliability (end-to-end delay distribution) depends on the delay-to-end delay distribution over possible routes and under different protocols to provide reliability or quality

Liu, Xue

145

Reliability and Design Strength Limit Calculations on Diesel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Corning 2004deerwebb.pdf More Documents & Publications Predicting Thermal Stress in Diesel Particulate Filters Environmental Effects on Power Electronic Devices Effect of...

146

General Order Ensuring Reliable Electric Service (Louisiana) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

General Order Ensuring Reliable Electric Service (Louisiana) General Order Ensuring Reliable Electric Service (Louisiana) General Order Ensuring Reliable Electric Service (Louisiana) < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Louisiana Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Louisiana Public Service Commission The standards set forth herein have been developed to provide consumers, the Louisiana Public Service Commission, and jurisdictional electric utilities with a uniform method of ensuring reliable electric service. The standards shall be applicable to the distribution systems of all electric utilities under the jurisdiction of the Louisiana Public Service

147

Fundamentals of Structural Reliability Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structural reliability analysis differs in many important ways from reliability analysis as practised in, for example, the electronics and aero-space industries, in spite of the fact that the underlying probab...

Palle Thoft-Christensen Ph. D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Real-Time Grid Reliability Management PIER Final Project Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Real-Time Grid Reliability Management PIER Final Project Report Real-Time Grid Reliability Management PIER Final Project Report Title Real-Time Grid Reliability Management PIER Final Project Report Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2008 Authors Eto, Joseph H., Manu Parashar, Bernard C. Lesieutre, and Nancy J. Lewis Pagination 62 Date Published 12/2008 Publisher LBNL City Berkeley Keywords consortium for electric reliability technology solutions (certs), energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract The increased need to manage California's electricity grid in real time is a result of the ongoing transition from a system operated by vertically integrated utilities serving native loads to one operated by an independent system operator supporting competitive energy markets. During this transition period, the traditional approach to reliability management - construction of new transmission lines - has not been pursued due to unresolved issues related to the financing and recovery of transmission project costs. In the absence of investments in new transmission infrastructure, the best strategy for managing reliability is to equip system operators with better real-time information about actual operating margins so that they can better understand and manage the risk of operating closer to the edge. A companion strategy is to address known deficiencies in offline modeling tools that are needed to ground the use of improved real-time tools.

149

Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005  

SciTech Connect

The increased need to manage California?s electricity grid in real time is a result of the ongoing transition from a system operated by vertically-integrated utilities serving native loads to one operated by an independent system operator supporting competitive energy markets. During this transition period, the traditional approach to reliability management -- construction of new transmission lines -- has not been pursued due to unresolved issues related to the financing and recovery of transmission project costs. In the absence of investments in new transmission infrastructure, the best strategy for managing reliability is to equip system operators with better real-time information about actual operating margins so that they can better understand and manage the risk of operating closer to the edge. A companion strategy is to address known deficiencies in offline modeling tools that are needed to ground the use of improved real-time tools. This project: (1) developed and conducted first-ever demonstrations of two prototype real-time software tools for voltage security assessment and phasor monitoring; and (2) prepared a scoping study on improving load and generator response models. Additional funding through two separate subsequent work authorizations has already been provided to build upon the work initiated in this project.

Eto, Joe; Eto, Joe; Lesieutre, Bernard; Lewis, Nancy Jo; Parashar, Manu

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

150

FIELD RELIABILITY OF ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT; FAILURES; RELIABILITY; RISK ANALYSIS; SYSTEM ANALYSIS UDC: 621.38.004.64 ISBN 87 Predicted and Observed Reliability 16 3.3. Source 3 16 3.3.1. Description (Reactor Gamma Monitor) 16 3I Ww i 1 i FIELD RELIABILITY OF ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS wcwotoias R I S 0 - M - 2 4 1 8 An analytical

151

Testing for PV Reliability (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

The DOE SUNSHOT workshop is seeking input from the community about PV reliability and how the DOE might address gaps in understanding. This presentation describes the types of testing that are needed for PV reliability and introduces a discussion to identify gaps in our understanding of PV reliability testing.

Kurtz, S.; Bansal, S.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

System reliability: An example of nuclear reactor system analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an overview of the three reliability investigations of a 900 \\{MWe\\} reactor residual heat removal system. Following a description of the system and its functions, the main procedures used in operational reliability analysis, based on the analysis of occurence records, are covered. The second part of the investigations covers predicted reliability, involving the use of the Markov method. It will be noted that the two types of analysis are in good agreement, the probability of system loss after two months' operation being of the order of 10?1. Additional investigation data are also given.

R. Coudray; J.M. Mattei

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Wind Power Reliability: Breaking Down a Barrier | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Power Reliability: Breaking Down a Barrier Wind Power Reliability: Breaking Down a Barrier Wind Power Reliability: Breaking Down a Barrier June 25, 2010 - 12:16pm Addthis EnerNex Corporation is developing documentation and validating generic wind turbine and plant models that test reliability. | File photo EnerNex Corporation is developing documentation and validating generic wind turbine and plant models that test reliability. | File photo Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE The steady increase of wind power on the grid presents new challenges for power system operators charged with making sure the grid stays up and running. "We need to ensure that we are going down a path that will lead to better reliability [with wind power]," said Bob Zavadil, an executive vice

154

Assessment of microelectronics packaging for high temperature, high reliability applications  

SciTech Connect

This report details characterization and development activities in electronic packaging for high temperature applications. This project was conducted through a Department of Energy sponsored Cooperative Research and Development Agreement between Sandia National Laboratories and General Motors. Even though the target application of this collaborative effort is an automotive electronic throttle control system which would be located in the engine compartment, results of this work are directly applicable to Sandia`s national security mission. The component count associated with the throttle control dictates the use of high density packaging not offered by conventional surface mount. An enabling packaging technology was selected and thermal models defined which characterized the thermal and mechanical response of the throttle control module. These models were used to optimize thick film multichip module design, characterize the thermal signatures of the electronic components inside the module, and to determine the temperature field and resulting thermal stresses under conditions that may be encountered during the operational life of the throttle control module. Because the need to use unpackaged devices limits the level of testing that can be performed either at the wafer level or as individual dice, an approach to assure a high level of reliability of the unpackaged components was formulated. Component assembly and interconnect technologies were also evaluated and characterized for high temperature applications. Electrical, mechanical and chemical characterizations of enabling die and component attach technologies were performed. Additionally, studies were conducted to assess the performance and reliability of gold and aluminum wire bonding to thick film conductor inks. Kinetic models were developed and validated to estimate wire bond reliability.

Uribe, F.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) Quality Assurance Manual  

SciTech Connect

The Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) is a software application developed for performing a complete probabilistic risk assessment using a personal computer running the Microsoft Windows operating system. SAPHIRE is primarily funded by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The role of the INL in this project is that of software developer and tester. This development takes place using formal software development procedures and is subject to quality assurance (QA) processes. The purpose of this document is to describe how the SAPHIRE software QA is performed for Version 6 and 7, what constitutes its parts, and limitations of those processes.

C. L. Smith; R. Nims; K. J. Kvarfordt; C. Wharton

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

LANSCE beam current limiter  

SciTech Connect

The Radiation Security System (RSS) at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) provides personnel protection from prompt radiation due to accelerated beam. Active instrumentation, such as the Beam Current Limiter, is a component of the RSS. The current limiter is designed to limit the average current in a beam line below a specific level, thus minimizing the maximum current available for a beam spill accident. The beam current limiter is a self-contained, electrically isolated toroidal beam transformer which continuously monitors beam current. It is designed as fail-safe instrumentation. The design philosophy, hardware design, operation, and limitations of the device are described.

Gallegos, F.R.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Reliability assessment of autonomous power systems incorporating HVDC interconnection links  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this paper is to present an improved computational method for the overall reliability assessment of autonomous power systems that may or may not contain HVdc interconnection links. This is a hybrid method based on a Monte-Carlo simulation sequential approach which incorporates an analytical approach for the reliability modeling of the HVdc transmission links. The developed models and techniques have been implemented into a computer program that can be used to simulate the operational practices and characteristics of the overall system under study efficiently and realistically. A set of reliability indices are calculated for each load-point of interest and the entire system while a set of additional indices is calculated for quantifying the reliability performance of the interconnection links under the specified operating requirements. The analysis of a practical system is also included for a number of studies representing its various operating and design characteristics.

Dialynas, E.N.; Koskolos, N.C. [National Technical Univ., Athens (Greece). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering] [National Technical Univ., Athens (Greece). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Agoris, D. [Public Power Corp., Athens (Greece)] [Public Power Corp., Athens (Greece)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

The Reliability Investigation on ACSR Splice Connector Systems Used in Overhead Power transmission Lines  

SciTech Connect

Due to material discontinuity and inherited forming mechanism from a crimped-type splice connector, the associated conductor-connector system is highly sensitive to system components aging, especially during high-temperature operations. Furthermore, due to the increase in power demand and limited investment in new infrastructure, existing overhead power transmission lines often need to operate at temperatures higher than the original designed values. This has led to the accelerated aging and degradation of conductor-connector systems. The implications of connector aging are two-fold: (1) significant increase in resistivity of the splice connector and (2) significant reduction in the connector clamping strength. Therefore, splice connectors are one of the weakest links in the electric power transmission infrastructure. In this paper we will discuss the reliability of splice connector systems, including both single stage and two stage splice connectors, used in ACSR conductor of transmission lines under high temperature operations.

Wang, Jy-An John [ORNL] [ORNL; Jiang, Hao [ORNL] [ORNL; Ren, Fei [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Operations Directorate (OPS Directorate)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Operations Directorate (OPS Directorate) Operations Directorate (OPS Directorate) Purpose A group chartered by the Associate Laboratory Director for the Advanced Photon Source that includes the responsible Division Directors and other appropriate APS operations personnel. The Operations Directorate collectively coordinates operating decisions that affect the facility as a whole and establishes both long- and short-term schedules, including scheduled maintenance and facility improvement periods. The Operations Directorate is the APS forum in which decisions regarding operations are discussed: These include, but are not limited to: Safety issues related to operations Operational Schedule Global operating parameters within the defined and approved operational and safety envelopes, such as energy, maximum circulating beam

160

Nuclear weapon reliability evaluation methodology  

SciTech Connect

This document provides an overview of those activities that are normally performed by Sandia National Laboratories to provide nuclear weapon reliability evaluations for the Department of Energy. These reliability evaluations are first provided as a prediction of the attainable stockpile reliability of a proposed weapon design. Stockpile reliability assessments are provided for each weapon type as the weapon is fielded and are continuously updated throughout the weapon stockpile life. The reliability predictions and assessments depend heavily on data from both laboratory simulation and actual flight tests. An important part of the methodology are the opportunities for review that occur throughout the entire process that assure a consistent approach and appropriate use of the data for reliability evaluation purposes.

Wright, D.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

On the Fatigue Reliability of Hydroelectric Francis Runners  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The reliability assessment of large rotating structures like hydroelectric Francis runners is often limited by our capacity to define a proper limit state combined with a relevant degradation model. In this paper, we propose that the proper limit state for fatigue reliability of such structures is the onset of high cycle fatigue (HCF). Based on this premise, a prior interval for our limit state based on available literature is presented. The prior assumptions are believed to be the first step toward validation of the applicability and suitability of the proposed model. The paper includes an overview of the theoretical background for reliability assessment of Francis turbine runners, the methodology used, and the results obtained from the information gathered from the available literature.

Martin Gagnon; Antoine Tahan; Philippe Bocher; Denis Thibault

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Chapter Three - Pipeline Reliability Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Another aspect of pipeline integrity management is the assessment of system reliability over the age of the pipeline. In order to assess the aging effects through the pipes lifetime, a reliability assessment is carried out for the pipeline or its segment. The assessment of the residual stress effect is carried out by evaluating the reliability of new uncorroded pipelines, which are assumed to be free from any flaw. The influence of residual stress parameters, mean, and coefficient of variation are considered in the reliability assessment.

Ramesh Singh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Reliability Assessment of Distribution Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? A stable and reliable electric power supply system is an inevitable pre-requisite for the technological and economic growth of any nation. Due to this, (more)

Dorji, Tempa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

The design of a reliable reputation system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a peer reliability metric based on the distribution ofa higher reliability score. The most reliable distribution,distribution for the Sybil colluder and a sharp drop in its reliability

Swamynathan, Gayatri; Almeroth, Kevin C.; Zhao, Ben Y.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

High Reliability R-10 Windows Using Vacuum Insulating Glass Units  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this effort was for EverSealed Windows (EverSealed or ESW) to design, assemble, thermally and environmentally test and demonstrate a Vacuum Insulating Glass Unit (VIGU or VIG) that would enable a whole window to meet or exceed the an R-10 insulating value (U-factor ? 0.1). To produce a VIGU that could withstand any North American environment, ESW believed it needed to design, produce and use a flexible edge seal system. This is because a rigid edge seal, used by all other know VIG producers and developers, limits the size and/or thermal environment of the VIG to where the unit is not practical for typical IG sizes and cannot withstand severe outdoor environments. The rigid-sealed VIGs use would be limited to mild climates where it would not have a reasonable economic payback when compared to traditional double-pane or triple-pane IGs. ESWs goals, in addition to achieving a sufficiently high R-value to enable a whole window to achieve R-10, included creating a VIG design that could be produced for a cost equal to or lower than a traditional triple-pane IG (low-e, argon filled). ESW achieved these goals. EverSealed produced, tested and demonstrated a flexible edge-seal VIG that had an R-13 insulating value and the edge-seal system durability to operate reliably for at least 40 years in the harshest climates of North America.

Stark, David

2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

166

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interconnections North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections Map of the North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnection showing the Eastern,...

167

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report The following information...

168

Thermoelectric Mechanical Reliability | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermoelectric Mechanical Reliability Thermoelectric Mechanical Reliability 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting,...

169

Thermoelectric Mechanical Reliability | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermoelectric Mechanical Reliability Thermoelectric Mechanical Reliability 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

170

2012 Reliability & Markets Peer Review - Full Presentations | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reliability & Markets Peer Review - Full Presentations Reliability & Markets Peer Review - Full Presentations 2012 Reliability & Markets Peer Review - Full Presentations The Transmission Reliability R&D Reliability & Markets Peer Review included 11 presentations over 2 days on August 7 - 8, 2012 at Cornell University in Ithaca, NY. The full presentations are available below. Presentation summaries are also available. 2012 R&M Peer Review - Transmission Investment Assessment Under Uncertainty - Ben Hobbs 2012 R&M Peer Review - Renewable Integration Through Risk-Limiting Dispatch - Pravin Varaiya 2012 R&M Peer Review - Development and Testing of New Tools - Ray Zimmerman 2012 R&M Peer Review - Commercialization of the SuperOPF Framework - Hsiao-Dong Chiang 2012 R&M Peer Review - Essence of Structure Preserving Network Reductions -

171

2012 Reliability & Markets Peer Review | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reliability & Markets Peer Review Reliability & Markets Peer Review 2012 Reliability & Markets Peer Review The Transmission Reliability R&D Reliability & Markets Peer Review included 11 presentations over 2 days on August 7 - 8, 2012 at Cornell University in Ithaca, NY. Presentations and summaries are available through the links and the agenda is included below. Summaries | Full Presentations Day 1: August 7 Transmission Investment Assessment Under Uncertainty About Fuel Prices, Technology, Renewables Penetration and Market Responses Using a Multi-State Stochastic Model Approach with Recourse Renewable Integration Through Risk-Limiting Dispatch and Distributed Resource Aggregations Development and Testing of New Tools Commercialization of the SuperOPF Framework: Phase 2 Essence of Structure Preserving (ESP) Network Reductions for

172

Texas Uses Phasors to Increase Electricity Reliability | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Uses Phasors to Increase Electricity Reliability Uses Phasors to Increase Electricity Reliability Texas Uses Phasors to Increase Electricity Reliability March 31, 2011 - 12:57pm Addthis Merrill Smith Program Manager, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability What does this mean for me? Phasor measurement units are part of a comprehensive approach to managing the variability from renewable sources, particularly wind. This project will enable more effective use of renewable energy sources by helping to illustrate solutions for managing unpredictability and promote reliability on the grid. As any businessperson will tell you, a key to long-term success is the ability to foresee potential problems and limit risk. In the electricity industry this ability can prevent grid events, like unexpected

173

North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Power Outage Update Power Outage Update North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update The bulk electric transmission system in the United States and Canada has been restored and is operating reliably. Many of the generating units that tripped off line during the outage have returned to service and additional generating units are expected to return to service over the weekend. Virtually all customers have been returned to electric service, although some customers will continue to experience rotating outages due to generating capacity availability. North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update More Documents & Publications Electric System Update: Sunday August 17, 2003 North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report

174

Reliability Analysis of Brittle, Thin Walled Structures  

SciTech Connect

One emerging application for ceramics is diesel particulate filters being used order to meet EPA regulations going into effect in 2008. Diesel particulates are known to be carcinogenic and thus need to be minimized. Current systems use filters made from ceramics such as mullite and corderite. The filters are brittle and must operate at very high temperatures during a burn out cycle used to remove the soot buildup. Thus the filters are subjected to thermal shock stresses and life time reliability analysis is required. NASA GRC has developed reliability based design methods and test methods for such applications, such as CARES/Life and American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) C1499 Standard Test Method for Equibiaxial Strength of Ceramics.

Jonathan A Salem and Lynn Powers

2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

175

Fault Current Limiters  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fault Fault Current Limiters Superconducting & Solid-state Power Equipment Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability www.oe.energy.gov Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, OE-1 U.S. Department of Energy - 1000 Independence Avenue, SW - Washington, DC 20585 Plugging America Into the Future of Power What are FCLs? A fault is an unintentional short circuit, or partial short-circuit, in an electric circuit. A variety of factors such as lightning, downed power lines, or crossed power lines cause faults. During a fault, excessive current-called fault current- flows through the electrical system often resulting in a failure of one section of that system by causing a

176

2014 Reliability & Markets Peer Review  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Transmission Reliability R&D Reliability & Markets Peer Review included 15 presentations over 2 days on August 5 - 6, 2014 at Cornell University in Ithaca, NY. Presentations are available through the links. The agenda and list of presentations are available to download.

177

Increasing positive displacement charging pump reliability  

SciTech Connect

The use of positive displacement pumps in many PWRs is an integral part of providing reactivity control via the Chemical and Volume Control system. This usually requires the continuous operation of at least one pump, typically with a flow rate of 44 gpm {at} 2,310 psig (167 lpm {at} 160 bar). Some PWRs use multiple pumps, and vary the letdown, while others use variable speed pumps. Regardless, the charging pumps run continuously. With the amount of reciprocating mass, differential pressure, and friction, it is a battle to maintain the pumps in peak operating condition for long periods of time. This paper will show how Entergy Operations` Waterford 3 SES was able to increase the reliability of the positive displacement Charging Pumps. Many different solutions were evaluated, and several adopted. The results are undeniable, as availability has increased and O and M costs have been reduced by 90% over 6 years.

Wade, J.H. III [Entergy Operations, Inc., Killona, LA (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Integrity, Reliability and Security: The Role of Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

F. Lawson F. Lawson Director, Strategic Center for Natural Gas & Oil National Energy Technology Laboratory General session Natural Gas Technologies Conference 2005 Cosponsors: NETL/Gas Technology Institute Orlando, Florida January 31, 2005 Integrity, Reliability and Security: The Role of Technology Introduction Integrity, reliability, and security encompass all the attributes we want-indeed, need-from our natural gas industry. We need integrity in physical transportation and storage systems, reliability in operating systems, and security in supplies and delivery systems. This conference is the most comprehensive forum for addressing new and evolving technologies impacting all these needs. The conference scope runs the gamut: from finding and producing to storing,

179

Individual Differences in Human Reliability Analysis  

SciTech Connect

While human reliability analysis (HRA) methods include uncertainty in quantification, the nominal model of human error in HRA typically assumes that operator performance does not vary significantly when they are given the same initiating event, indicators, procedures, and training, and that any differences in operator performance are simply aleatory (i.e., random). While this assumption generally holds true when performing routine actions, variability in operator response has been observed in multiple studies, especially in complex situations that go beyond training and procedures. As such, complexity can lead to differences in operator performance (e.g., operator understanding and decision-making). Furthermore, psychological research has shown that there are a number of known antecedents (i.e., attributable causes) that consistently contribute to observable and systematically measurable (i.e., not random) differences in behavior. This paper reviews examples of individual differences taken from operational experience and the psychological literature. The impact of these differences in human behavior and their implications for HRA are then discussed. We propose that individual differences should not be treated as aleatory, but rather as epistemic. Ultimately, by understanding the sources of individual differences, it is possible to remove some epistemic uncertainty from analyses.

Jeffrey C. Joe; Ronald L. Boring

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Letter from Pepco Holdings Regarding the Reliability of Electric...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Potomac Electric Power Company Comments on Department of Energy's Emergency Order To Resume Limited Operation at Mirant's Potomac River Generating Station and Proposed Mirant...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Particulate Produced from Advanced Combustion Operation in a Compression Ignition Engine  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Determine operating conditions to achieve HECC operation, understand limitations of HECC operation, and determine sensitivies to operating parameter variations

182

Photovoltaics performance and reliability workshop  

SciTech Connect

This document consists of papers and viewgraphs compiled from the proceedings of a workshop held in September 1992. This workshop was the fifth in a series sponsored by NREL/DOE under the general subject areas of photovoltaic module testing and reliability. PV manufacturers, DOE laboratories, electric utilities and others exchanged technical knowledge and field experience. The topics of cell and module characterization, module and system performance, materials and module durability/reliability research, solar radiation, and applications are discussed.

Mrig, L. (ed.) [ed.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Development of Superconducting AC Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors have developed a new superconducting fault current limiter whose impedance during normal operation is very small. During fault conditions, the limiter behaves as a superconducting reactor. The limiter

Daisuke Ito; Eriko Yoneda; Tsutomu Fujioka

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Test on Superconducting AC Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors have developed a new superconducting fault current limiter whose impedance during normal operation is very small. During fault conditions, the limiter behaves as a superconducting reactor. The limiter

Daisuke Ito; Eriko S. Yoneda

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Utility Systems Management and Operational Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The provision of an adequate and reliable supply of utilities (fuel, steam and power) represents a significant operating cost for many industrial companies. For many industries, the energy/utilities cost is the largest operating expense after...

Dhole, V.; Seillier, D.; Garza, K.

186

Reliability and Functional Availability of HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a model to calculate the reliability and availability of heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems. The reliability is expressed in the terms of reliability, maintainability and decision capability. These terms are a...

Myrefelt, S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Constructing Reliable Distributed Communication Systems with CORBA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constructing Reliable Distributed Communication Systems with CORBA Silvano Maffeis Douglas C Communication software and distributed services for next- generation applications must be reliable, efficient model to support reliable data- and process- oriented distributed systems that communicate through syn

Schmidt, Douglas C.

188

MEMS Reliability: Infrastructure, Test Structures, Experiments, and Failure Modes  

SciTech Connect

The burgeoning new technology of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) shows great promise in the weapons arena. We can now conceive of micro-gyros, micro-surety systems, and micro-navigators that are extremely small and inexpensive. Do we want to use this new technology in critical applications such as nuclear weapons? This question drove us to understand the reliability and failure mechanisms of silicon surface-micromachined MEMS. Development of a testing infrastructure was a crucial step to perform reliability experiments on MEMS devices and will be reported here. In addition, reliability test structures have been designed and characterized. Many experiments were performed to investigate failure modes and specifically those in different environments (humidity, temperature, shock, vibration, and storage). A predictive reliability model for wear of rubbing surfaces in microengines was developed. The root causes of failure for operating and non-operating MEMS are discussed. The major failure mechanism for operating MEMS was wear of the polysilicon rubbing surfaces. Reliability design rules for future MEMS devices are established.

TANNER,DANELLE M.; SMITH,NORMAN F.; IRWIN,LLOYD W.; EATON,WILLIAM P.; HELGESEN,KAREN SUE; CLEMENT,J. JOSEPH; MILLER,WILLIAM M.; MILLER,SAMUEL L.; DUGGER,MICHAEL T.; WALRAVEN,JEREMY A.; PETERSON,KENNETH A.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

HEU Minimization and the Reliable Supply of Medical Isotopes Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

HEU Minimization and the Reliable Supply of Medical Isotopes Nuclear HEU Minimization and the Reliable Supply of Medical Isotopes Nuclear Security Summit: Fact Sheet | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > Media Room > Fact Sheets > HEU Minimization and the Reliable Supply of ... Fact Sheet HEU Minimization and the Reliable Supply of Medical Isotopes Nuclear

190

Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience,...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience, and Storm Responses (November 2014) Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience, and Storm Responses (November...

191

Electricity & Energy Reliability (WFP) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity & Energy Reliability (WFP) Electricity & Energy Reliability (WFP) The purpose of the workforce Plan is to provide focus and direction to Human Resources (HR) strategy....

192

ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY Appropriation Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY Appropriation Overview Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) drives electric grid modernization and resiliency in the energy...

193

Thermoelectric Mechanical Reliability | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Mechanical Reliability Thermoelectric Mechanical Reliability 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

194

Thermoelectric Materials By Design: Mechanical Reliability (Agreement...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Materials By Design: Mechanical Reliability (Agreement 14957) Thermoelectric Materials By Design: Mechanical Reliability (Agreement 14957) Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of...

195

Dose Limits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Dose Limits ERAD (Question Posted to ERAD in May 2012) Who do you define as a member of the public for the onsite MEI? This question implies that there may be more than one maximally exposed individual (MEI), one on-site and one off-site, when demonstrating compliance with the Public Dose Limit of DOE Order 458.1. Although all potential MEIs should be considered and documented, as well as the calculated doses and pathways considered, the intent of DOE Order 458.1 is in fact to ultimately identify only one MEI, a theoretical individual who could be either on-site or off-site.

196

Technology Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Appliances |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Technology Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Appliances Technology Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Appliances November 9, 2011 - 12:01pm Addthis Oak Ridge National Laboratory's facility tests several water heaters at one time. Because of ORNL's accelerated durability testing, they estimate that 10 months of constant operation in its testing facility is comparable to 10 years of service life in a typical residential setting. | Photo courtesy of the Building Technologies Research and Integration Center, ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory's facility tests several water heaters at one time. Because of ORNL's accelerated durability testing, they estimate that 10 months of constant operation in its testing facility is comparable to 10

197

Technology Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Appliances |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Appliances Technology Partnerships Are Yielding Reliable, Cost-Saving Appliances November 9, 2011 - 12:01pm Addthis Oak Ridge National Laboratory's facility tests several water heaters at one time. Because of ORNL's accelerated durability testing, they estimate that 10 months of constant operation in its testing facility is comparable to 10 years of service life in a typical residential setting. | Photo courtesy of the Building Technologies Research and Integration Center, ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory's facility tests several water heaters at one time. Because of ORNL's accelerated durability testing, they estimate that 10 months of constant operation in its testing facility is comparable to 10 years of service life in a typical residential setting. | Photo courtesy of

198

Electronic reliability estimation: how reliable are the results?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of Safety Critical Systems requires the compliance to several safety standards and regulations. Since, most of the times, human life is at stake, it is crucial to fully understand the behaviour of the system being developed in order to ... Keywords: MIL-Hdbk-217F, MTTF, estimation, reliability

Nuno Silva; Rui Lopes

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Toward Reliable and Efficient Reporting in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bouabdallah, and Raouf Boutaba, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--Energy efficiency is one of the major concerns and as the first main contribution, we derive the optimal number of reporting nodes Nopt energy that minimizes the energy consumed to report reliably the occurrence of an event. In other words, we prove that limiting

Boutaba, Raouf

200

Reliability Based Vegetation Management Through Intelligent System Monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management programs for transmission lines operated at 200 kV and above are now subject to a reliability vegetation-caused outages. Programs for lower voltage lines are subject to state regulatory policies data that was utilized and referenced in this report. #12;ii Executive Summary Trees and other

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) drives electric grid modernization and resiliency in the energy infrastructure while working to enable innovation across the energy sector, empowering American consumers, and securing our energy future. The OE mission and the leadership role OE plays in the energy industry directly support the President's effort to accelerate the transformation of America's energy system

202

Producing reliable software: an experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A customer of high assurance software recently sponsored a software engineering experiment in which a small real-time software system was developed concurrently by two popular software development methodologies. One company specialized in the state-of-the-practice ... Keywords: capability maturity model, cleanroom certification, formal methods, software development methodologies, software engineering experiment, software process and product metrics, software reliability

Carol Smidts; Xin Huang; James C. Widmaier

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Reliability-based optimization using evolutionary algorithms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Uncertainties in design variables and problem parameters are often inevitable and must be considered in an optimization task if reliable optimal solutions are sought. Besides a number of sampling techniques, there exist several mathematical approximations ... Keywords: Ditlevsen's bound, Pareto-optimal front, evolutionary multiobjective optimization, most probable point, reliability-based optimization, reliable front, system reliability

Kalyanmoy Deb; Shubham Gupta; David Daum; Jrgen Branke; Abhishek Kumar Mall; Dhanesh Padmanabhan

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Reliability and Markets Program Information | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reliability and Markets Program Information Reliability and Markets Program Information Summary of the Tranmission Reliability program's Reliability and Markets activity area. The...

205

Reliability enhancement using optimal distribution feeder reconfiguration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Failure statistics show that distribution networks engage the most contribution to the customer unavailability services. Optimal reconfiguration of distribution systems has many advantages like total power losses reduction, voltage profile enhancement, reliability improvement and so on. Therefore, in this paper a new multiobjective improved shuffled frog leaping algorithm (ISFLA) is proposed to investigate the distribution feeder reconfiguration (DFR) problem from the reliability enhancement point of view. Nevertheless, since the total cost of MW loss is an important and attractive subject to the electric power utilities, the total active power losses is also considered as an objective function in the investigations. Therefore, the objective functions of the problem to be optimized are system average interruption frequency index (SAIFI), system average interruption duration index (SAIDI), average energy not supplied (AENS) and the total active power losses. During the optimization process, the proposed ISFLA finds a set of non-dominated optimal solutions referred to Pareto optimal solutions that are kept in an external memory called repository. As the result of the conflicting behavior of the objective functions investigated, a fuzzy clustering technique is employed to control the size of the repository in the predetermined limits. The feasibility and the efficiency of the proposed method are examined by a standard distribution test system.

Abdollah Kavousi-Fard; Mohammad-Reza Akbari-Zadeh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Human Reliability Considerations for Small Modular Reactors  

SciTech Connect

Small modular reactors (SMRs) are a promising approach to meeting future energy needs. Although the electrical output of an individual SMR is relatively small compared to that of typical commercial nuclear plants, they can be grouped to produce as much energy as a utility demands. Furthermore, SMRs can be used for other purposes, such as producing hydrogen and generating process heat. The design characteristics of many SMRs differ from those of current conventional plants and may require a distinct concept of operations. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) conducted research to examine the human factors engineering and the operational aspects of SMRs. The research identified thirty potential human-performance issues that should be considered in the NRC's reviews of SMR designs and in future research activities. The purpose of this report is to illustrate how the issues can support SMR probabilistic risk analyses and their review by identifying potential human failure events for a subset of the issues. As part of addressing the human contribution to plant risk, human reliability analysis practitioners identify and quantify the human failure events that can negatively impact normal or emergency plant operations. The results illustrated here can be generalized to identify additional human failure events for the issues discussed and can be applied to those issues not discussed in this report.

OHara J. M.; Higgins, H.; DAgostino, A.; Erasmia, L.

2012-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

207

Letter from Pepco Holdings Regarding the Reliability of Electric Service in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

from Pepco Holdings Regarding the Reliability of Electric from Pepco Holdings Regarding the Reliability of Electric Service in the District of Columbia Letter from Pepco Holdings Regarding the Reliability of Electric Service in the District of Columbia Docket No. EO-05-01: I am writing to alert you to our concerns regarding the reliability of electricity service for the Nation's Capital in light of the recent shutdown of the Potomac River Generating Station in Alexandria, Virginia. The plant shutdown has removed a redundancy which is critical to assuring the reliable supply of electricity. Accordingly, we believe that immediate resumption of plant operations, in a manner that balances environmental and electricity reliability concerns, is critical to ensuring reliable electric service to the Nation's Capital.

208

Radioisotope thermoelectric generator reliability and safety  

SciTech Connect

There are numerous occasions when a planetary mission requires energy in remote areas of the solar system. Anytime power is required much beyond Mars or the Asteroid Belts, solar power is not an option. The radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) was developed for such a mission requirement. It is a relatively small and lightweight power source that can produce power under adverse conditions. Just this type of source has become the backbone of the power system for far outer plant exploration. Voyagers I and II are utilizing RTGs, which will soon power the Galileo spacecraft to Jupiter and the Ulysses spacecraft to study the solar poles. The paper discusses RTG operation including thermoelectric design, converter design, general-purpose heat source; RTG reliability including design, testing, experience, and launch approval; and RTG safety issues and methods of ensuring safety.

Campbell, R.; Klein, J.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Microworlds, Simulators, and Simulation: Framework for a Benchmark of Human Reliability Data Sources  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we propose a method to improve the data basis of human reliability analysis (HRA) by extending the data sources used to inform HRA methods. Currently, most HRA methods are based on limited empirical data, and efforts to enhance the empirical basis behind HRA methods have not yet yielded significant new data. Part of the reason behind this shortage of quality data is attributable to the data sources used. Data have been derived from unrelated industries, from infrequent risk-significant events, or from costly control room simulator studies. We propose a benchmark of four data sources: a simplified microworld simulator using unskilled student operators, a full-scope control room simulator using skilled student operators, a full-scope control room simulator using licensed commercial operators, and a human performance modeling and simulation system using virtual operators. The goal of this research is to compare findings across the data sources to determine to what extent data may be used and generalized from cost effective sources.

Ronald Boring; Dana Kelly; Carol Smidts; Ali Mosleh; Brian Dyre

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Reliability and Maintainability Issues for the Next Linear Collider  

SciTech Connect

Large accelerators for high energy physics research traditionally have been designed using informal best design, engineering, and management practices to achieve acceptable levels of operational availability. However, the Next Linear Collider(NLC) project presents a particular challenge for operational availability due to the unprecedented size and complexity of the accelerator systems required to achieve the physics goals of high center-of-mass energy and high luminosity. Formal reliability and maintainability analysis, design, and implementation will be required to achieve acceptable operational availability for the high energy physics research program. This paper introduces some of the basic concepts of reliability analysis and applies them to the 2.6-cm microwave power system of the two 10-km-long, 250-GeV linacs that are currently proposed for the NLC design.

Wilson, Zane J.; Gold, Saul L.; Koontz, Ron F.; Lavine, Ted L.; /SLAC

2011-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

211

Human Reliability Analysis for Digital Human-Machine Interfaces  

SciTech Connect

This paper addresses the fact that existing human reliability analysis (HRA) methods do not provide guidance on digital human-machine interfaces (HMIs). Digital HMIs are becoming ubiquitous in nuclear power operations, whether through control room modernization or new-build control rooms. Legacy analog technologies like instrumentation and control (I&C) systems are costly to support, and vendors no longer develop or support analog technology, which is considered technologically obsolete. Yet, despite the inevitability of digital HMI, no current HRA method provides guidance on how to treat human reliability considerations for digital technologies.

Ronald L. Boring

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Human Reliability Analysis for Small Modular Reactors  

SciTech Connect

Because no human reliability analysis (HRA) method was specifically developed for small modular reactors (SMRs), the application of any current HRA method to SMRs represents tradeoffs. A first- generation HRA method like THERP provides clearly defined activity types, but these activity types do not map to the human-system interface or concept of operations confronting SMR operators. A second- generation HRA method like ATHEANA is flexible enough to be used for SMR applications, but there is currently insufficient guidance for the analyst, requiring considerably more first-of-a-kind analyses and extensive SMR expertise in order to complete a quality HRA. Although no current HRA method is optimized to SMRs, it is possible to use existing HRA methods to identify errors, incorporate them as human failure events in the probabilistic risk assessment (PRA), and quantify them. In this paper, we provided preliminary guidance to assist the human reliability analyst and reviewer in understanding how to apply current HRA methods to the domain of SMRs. While it is possible to perform a satisfactory HRA using existing HRA methods, ultimately it is desirable to formally incorporate SMR considerations into the methods. This may require the development of new HRA methods. More practicably, existing methods need to be adapted to incorporate SMRs. Such adaptations may take the form of guidance on the complex mapping between conventional light water reactors and small modular reactors. While many behaviors and activities are shared between current plants and SMRs, the methods must adapt if they are to perform a valid and accurate analysis of plant personnel performance in SMRs.

Ronald L. Boring; David I. Gertman

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Operational Excellence  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the safety, security, and reliability of the U.S. nuclear deterrent; reduce global threats; and solve other emerging national security and energy challenges. Facilities...

214

2012 Reliability & Markets Peer Review - Presentation Summaries |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Review - Presentation Summaries Review - Presentation Summaries 2012 Reliability & Markets Peer Review - Presentation Summaries The Transmission Reliability R&D Reliability & Markets Peer Review included 11 presentations over 2 days on August 7 - 8, 2012 at Cornell University in Ithaca, NY. Presentation summaries are available below. The full presentations are also available. 2012 R&M Peer Review - Summary: Transmission Investment Under Uncertainty - Ben Hobbs 2012 R&M Peer Review - Summary: Renewable Integration Through Risk-Limiting Dispatch - Pravin Varaiya 2012 R&M Peer Review - Summary: Development and Testing of New Tools - Ray Zimmerman 2012 R&M Peer Review - Summary: Commercialization of the SuperOPF Framework - Hsiao-Dong Chiang 2012 R&M Peer Review - Summary: Essence of Structure Preserving Network

215

Electricity Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electricity Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) Electricity Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) Jump to: navigation, search The Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) manages the flow of electric power to 22 million Texas customers - representing 85 percent of the state's electric load and 75 percent of the Texas land area. As the independent system operator for the region, ERCOT schedules power on an electric grid that connects 40,000 miles of transmission lines and more than 550 generation units. ERCOT also manages financial settlement for the competitive wholesale bulk-power market and administers customer switching for 6.5 million Texans in competitive choice areas. News ERCOT gathers wind data from cellphone towers References ERCOT This article incorporates public domain material from the document:

216

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Phase 3 Gearbox 2 Test Plan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Phase 3 Gearbox 2 Test Plan H. Link, J. Keller, and Y. Guo National Renewable Energy Laboratory B. McNiff McNiff Light Industry Technical Report NREL/TP-5000-58190 April 2013 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Gearbox Reliability Collaborative Phase 3 Gearbox 2 Test Plan H. Link, J. Keller, and Y. Guo National Renewable Energy Laboratory B. McNiff McNiff Light Industry Prepared under Task No. WE11.0301 Technical Report

217

Electrical Substation Performability and Reliability Indicators Modelled by Non-Homogeneous Markov Chains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the scope of operating safety in electrical substations, EDF is brought to perform reliability and ... availability computations. These computations declined on the substation performance are used to estimate ...

Agapios Platis; Nikolaos Limnios; Marc Le Du

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

An efficient algorithm for designing reliable large-scale process networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

failures into consideration Photograph of Ras Tanura Refinery from www number and size of redundant units and storage tanks needed for reliable operation Process 1A B E Process

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

219

Operations Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Standards BPA Operations Information (OPI) Transmission Services operates and plans for regional and national system needs. Transmission Services coordinates system operation and...

220

ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF ICT INFRASTRUCTURES: AN OPERATORS VIEWPOINT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract (40-Word Limit): The digital revolution has resulted up to now in the need for increasingly powerful and energy-hungry infrastructures. We give an operators viewpoint...

Gosselin, Stphane W; Saliou, Fabienne; Bourgart, Fabrice; Le Rouzic, Esther; Le Masson, Stphane; Gati, Azeddine

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Microgrids and Heterogeneous Security, Quality, Reliability, and Availability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Energy Reliability, Distribution System Integrationand Energy Reliability, Distribution System Integration

Marnay, Chris

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

DENSITY LIMITS IN TOROIDAL PLASMAS MARTIN GREENWALD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(RFP) ---- Spheromaks and FRCs · Physics basis for density limit ---- Neutrals ---- Radiation models as fast terminations · Spheromak and FRC don't have density limit data operation at "optimized" density

Greenwald, Martin

223

A Control Scheme of Enhanced Reliability for Multiple Chiller Plants Using Mergerd Building Cooling Load Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 much on the accuracy of the chiller model. Measurement accuracy and reliability are essential for the accuracy and reliability of chiller sequencing... Central Chilling Plant Monitoring and control Figure 1. Framework of enhancing building cooling load measurements using data fusion 2 ESL-IC-08-10-31 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany...

Wang, S.; Sun, Y.; Huang, G.; Zhu, N.

224

Modelling in industrial maintenance and reliability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of modelling the reliability of wind turbines and some critical subsystems from...change, through the years, in wind turbines reliability. There were major...research on determining optimal maintenance policies for deteriorating systems......

Wenbin Wang

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Reliability analysis reloaded: how will we survive?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In safety related applications and in products with long lifetimes reliability is a must. Moreover, facing future technology nodes of integrated circuit device level reliability may decrease, i.e., counter-measures have to be taken to ensure product ...

Robert Aitken; Grschwin Fey; Zbigniew T. Kalbarczyk; Frank Reichenbach; Matteo Sonza Reorda

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

LUNAR MASS SPECTROMETER RELIABILITY LOGIC DIAGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

point (A) to (F). The block diagram also defines the reliability functions for the purpose of FMEA 1

Rathbun, Julie A.

227

Reliability Considerations from Integration of Smart Grid  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Considerations Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid 116-390 Village Blvd., Princeton, NJ 08540 609.452.8060 | 609.452.9550 fax www.nerc.com the reliability of the to ensure bulk power system December 2010 (This page intentionally left blank) to ensure the reliability of the bulk power system Reliability Considerations of Integration of Smart Grid i

228

SAFETY AND RELIABILITY ANALYSIS OF NUCLEAR REACTORS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A survey of the various aspects of safety and reliability analysis of nuclear reactors is presented with particular emphasis on the interrelation between structural reliability and systems reliability. In reactor design this interrelation is of overriding importance since it is the task of the control, protective and containment systems to protect the mechanical system and the structure from accidental overloading.

T.A. JAEGER

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Bayesian Networks in Reliability Analysis Helge Langseth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bayesian Networks in Reliability Analysis Helge Langseth Dept. Computer and Information Sciences Bayesian network (BN) models gain more and more popularity in reliability analysis. In this talk I reliability measures concerning a low pressure coolant injection system for a nuclear reactor (a problem

Langseth, Helge

230

RELIABILITY-BASED CASTING PROCESS DESIGN OPTIMIZATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RELIABILITY-BASED CASTING PROCESS DESIGN OPTIMIZATION Richard Hardin1 , K.K. Choi1 , and Christoph 52242-1527 Keywords: Casting Process Design, Optimization, Reliability-Based Design Optimization purpose reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) software tool previously developed at the University

Beckermann, Christoph

231

Measuring Improved Reliability in Stochastic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for such a path, this represents a better measure of the path's reliability. If the distribution were asymmetricMeasuring Improved Reliability in Stochastic Systems Jeremy Bradley \\Lambda Neil Davies y 30 June 1999 Abstract In this paper, we examine reliability of stochastic systems with specific application

Bradley, Jeremy

232

Saturated iron-core superconductive fault current limiter developed at Innopower  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since 2002 we have been carrying out programs in developing Saturated Iron-core Superconducting Fault Current Limiters (SISFCLs). Innovative technologies were adopted in designing the iron-core and the magnetization circuit making our SISFCL more efficient useful and reliable. With our technology a 35 kV SISFCL with dry-type electrical insulation and a 220 kV SISFCL with oil electrical insulation were manufactured and installed for live-grid operation in 2008 and in 2012 respectively. Operation data and test results show that the performances of the devices meet design expectations and utility's needs. Our SISFCL is applicable for both transmission and distribution networks and can satisfy a wide range of fault current limiting impedance requirements.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Probabilistic fatigue methodology and wind turbine reliability  

SciTech Connect

Wind turbines subjected to highly irregular loadings due to wind, gravity, and gyroscopic effects are especially vulnerable to fatigue damage. The objective of this study is to develop and illustrate methods for the probabilistic analysis and design of fatigue-sensitive wind turbine components. A computer program (CYCLES) that estimates fatigue reliability of structural and mechanical components has been developed. A FORM/SORM analysis is used to compute failure probabilities and importance factors of the random variables. The limit state equation includes uncertainty in environmental loading, gross structural response, and local fatigue properties. Several techniques are shown to better study fatigue loads data. Common one-parameter models, such as the Rayleigh and exponential models are shown to produce dramatically different estimates of load distributions and fatigue damage. Improved fits may be achieved with the two-parameter Weibull model. High b values require better modeling of relatively large stress ranges; this is effectively done by matching at least two moments (Weibull) and better by matching still higher moments. For this purpose, a new, four-moment {open_quotes}generalized Weibull{close_quotes} model is introduced. Load and resistance factor design (LRFD) methodology for design against fatigue is proposed and demonstrated using data from two horizontal-axis wind turbines. To estimate fatigue damage, wind turbine blade loads have been represented by their first three statistical moments across a range of wind conditions. Based on the moments {mu}{sub 1}{hor_ellipsis}{mu}{sub 3}, new {open_quotes}quadratic Weibull{close_quotes} load distribution models are introduced. The fatigue reliability is found to be notably affected by the choice of load distribution model.

Lange, C.H. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Reliability modeling and evaluation of HVDC power transmission systems  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this paper is to present an improved computational method for evaluating the reliability indices of HVdc transmission systems. The developed models and computational techniques are described. These can be used to simulate the operational practices and characteristics of a system under study efficiently and realistically. This method is based on the failure modes and effects analysis and uses the event tree method and the minimal cut set approach to represent the system's operational behavior and deduce the appropriate system's failure modes. A set of five reliability indices is evaluated for each output node being analyzed together with the probability and frequency of encountering particular regions of system performance levels. The analysis of an assumed HVdc bipolar transmission system is also included.

Dialynas, E.N.; Koskolos, N.C. (National Technical Univ., Athens (Greece). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Study of Superconducting Fault Current Limiter Using Saturated Magnetic Core  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a saturated magnetic core superconducting current limiter (SCSFCL) operation simulation results using finite element technique. The superconducting current limiter uses BSCCO tape to produce m...

F. Fajoni; E. Ruppert; C. A. Baldan

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Comparison of reliability performance of group connected and conventional HVDC transmission systems  

SciTech Connect

A group connected HVDC transmission scheme is a variant of the unit connection where instead of a single generator, a group of generators are directly connected to the converter. Studies conducted in the past indicated that significant cost reduction can be achieved using this scheme. This is mainly due to the elimination of many components which results in considerable capital and operating cost savings to the utility. Concerns regarding the reliability performance of unit connected schemes were raised, however, there has not been a detailed reliability study conducted. This paper addresses the reliability evaluation aspect of a group connected scheme and compares the reliability performance of the group connected scheme with that of the conventional common collector system. Reliability models for both schemes were developed using a hypothetical system model based on the Nelson River system. Practical system component outage data was used to examine the reliability performance of both schemes.

Kuruganty, S. [Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Univ. of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Reliability guarantees, demonstration, and control for weapon systems proposals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in partial fulfillment oi the requirements for the PHOPASSIOMAL LbiGkhr IM MMGIMKKRIMG January 1959 Ma)or Sub)sets Sleotrioal MngineeriIIg RELIABILITY GUARANIS, ISMONSTRATION& A53 CONTROL POR WEAPON SYSTEMS PROPOSALS ROSS ~~' WIN LANI' APProved... acouraoy, and warhead lethality are combined to yield weapon effectiveness, Zffeotivensss is then defined as the probability that any miss1le, after passing all presoribsd oheckouts and given a proper cosm3and, will sucoessfully launch& operate without...

Lanier, Ross Edwin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

238

Energy and Reliability Considerations For Adjustable Speed Driven Pumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENERGY AND RELIABILITY CONSIDERATIONS FOR ADJUSTABLE SPEED DRIVEN PUMPS Don Casada Senior Development Associate ABSTRACT Centrifugal devices such as pumps, fans, and compressors follow a general set of speed affinity laws: Q2 = QI *( N z... there is no static head, the system head, like the pump head, is proportional to the velocity, or flow rate, squared. As a result. the pump affinity laws also indicate how the pump and system will work together to define the operating point in such a system...

Casada, D.

239

[An improved, more reliable and more marketable version of the Automatic Metering System  

SciTech Connect

Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc. (TRI/Austin) was tasked by Letco International to evaluate its Automatic Metering System (AMS), a proportional controller for heat tracing cable. The original objectives were focused primarily on the reliability of the AMS controller. However, from the time of the original TRI/Austin proposal, the AMS device evolved beyond the prototype level into an established market product with sufficient operational experience and data that product reliability evaluation was not a significant test objective. The goals of this effort have been to determine the relative energy usage of the AMS proportional control compared to existing thermostatic control in a realistic freeze protection installation (low temperature test), to perform an accelerated life test for self limiting heat tracing cables to determine the service life impact of AMS control vs. thermostat control, and to perform a reliability analysis of the AMS device according to the 1986 edition of MIL-HDBK-217E [1] specifications. TRI/Austin designed and constructed a test set-up for conducting the low temperature test and the accelerated life test. A conceptual diagram of the test hardware is shown in Figure 1. The control computer was programmed to monitor and collect data from both tests in parallel, using the relay box and control circuitry fabricated at TRI/Austin. Test data and control commands were transmitted to and from the computer via standard parallel and serial interfaces. The AMS controller and relay box switched the power to the test cables, the commercial freezer, and the ALT chamber.

Patas, J.E.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Software reliability models for critical applications  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the first phase of the ongoing EG&G Idaho, Inc. Software Reliability Research Program. The program is studying the existing software reliability models and proposes a state-of-the-art software reliability model that is relevant to the nuclear reactor control environment. This report consists of three parts: (1) summaries of the literature review of existing software reliability and fault tolerant software reliability models and their related issues, (2) proposed technique for software reliability enhancement, and (3) general discussion and future research. The development of this proposed state-of-the-art software reliability model will be performed in the second place. 407 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Pham, H.; Pham, M.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Software reliability models for critical applications  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the first phase of the ongoing EG G Idaho, Inc. Software Reliability Research Program. The program is studying the existing software reliability models and proposes a state-of-the-art software reliability model that is relevant to the nuclear reactor control environment. This report consists of three parts: (1) summaries of the literature review of existing software reliability and fault tolerant software reliability models and their related issues, (2) proposed technique for software reliability enhancement, and (3) general discussion and future research. The development of this proposed state-of-the-art software reliability model will be performed in the second place. 407 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Pham, H.; Pham, M.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON RELIABILITY, VOL. 38, NO. 1,1989 APRIL 103 Reliable Protocols for Distributed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON RELIABILITY, VOL. 38, NO. 1,1989 APRIL 103 Reliable Protocols for Distributed-tolerance, Message complexity, Reliable protocol Reader Aids - Purpose: Design reliable distributed protocols Special Termination Detection S. Venkatesan University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Key Words - Distributed system, Fault

Venkatesan, S.

243

Method for reliability analysis of complex reactor systems. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect

A method and a computer code for efficient and accurate reliability analyses of complex reactor systems are described and illustrated through an example. The method permits realistic analyses through its ability to accurately model and evaluate instantaneous and average unavailabilities for large systems with dependencies. The component models can include continuously monitored, non-repairable, and periodically tested components which are subject to failures resulting from components which are subject to failures resulting from component demands, stand-by conditions, human errors associated with testing and repair, as well as failures during actual operation. The numerical process used is efficient and allows analysis of general system configurations with arbitrary scheduling of maintenance operations.

Elerath, J.G.; Vaurio, J.K.; Wood, A.P.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Contingency Visualization for Real-Time Decision Support in Grid Operation  

SciTech Connect

Contingency analysis is a key function in control centers to assess the impact of various combinations of power system component failures based on state estimates. Today's practice analyzes only a limited set of contingency cases and lacks of capabilities in presenting the results in a way that is easy to be understood by grid operators in a short time frame of seconds to minutes. This limits the ability to operate the power grid for better reliability and efficiency. Faster analysis of more cases is required to safely and reliably operate today's power grids which have a less margin and more intermittent renewable energy sources. This paper explores the advancements in high performance computing and visual analytics for improving the computational speed and the information representation in contingency analysis. A framework of advanced contingency analysis is proposed. Case studies using the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) system are presented to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed framework. Comparative assessment by real power grid operators has been performed as part of a WECC operator training class. The assessment results demonstrate the validity of the proposed contingency analysis and visualization approach.

Huang, Zhenyu; Chen, Yousu; Greitzer, Frank L.; Eubank, Robert

2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

245

A fuzzy-based reliability approach to evaluate basic events of fault tree analysis for nuclear power plant probabilistic safety assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Fault tree analysis has been widely utilized as a tool for nuclear power plant probabilistic safety assessment. This analysis can be completed only if all basic events of the system fault tree have their quantitative failure rates or failure probabilities. However, it is difficult to obtain those failure data due to insufficient data, environment changing or new components. This study proposes a fuzzy-based reliability approach to evaluate basic events of system fault trees whose failure precise probability distributions of their lifetime to failures are not available. It applies the concept of failure possibilities to qualitatively evaluate basic events and the concept of fuzzy sets to quantitatively represent the corresponding failure possibilities. To demonstrate the feasibility and the effectiveness of the proposed approach, the actual basic event failure probabilities collected from the operational experiences of the DavidBesse design of the Babcock and Wilcox reactor protection system fault tree are used to benchmark the failure probabilities generated by the proposed approach. The results confirm that the proposed fuzzy-based reliability approach arises as a suitable alternative for the conventional probabilistic reliability approach when basic events do not have the corresponding quantitative historical failure data for determining their reliability characteristics. Hence, it overcomes the limitation of the conventional fault tree analysis for nuclear power plant probabilistic safety assessment.

Julwan Hendry Purba

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

2014 DOE Human Reliability Program (HRP) Workshop | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

DOE Human Reliability Program (HRP) Workshop 2014 DOE Human Reliability Program (HRP) Workshop August 18, 2014 - 7:51am Addthis 2014 DOE Human Reliability Program (HRP) Workshop...

247

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability information about the delivery of electricity and energy reliability Electricity Delivery...

248

Computational Thermochemistry and Benchmarking of Reliable Methods  

SciTech Connect

During the first and second years of the Computational Thermochemistry and Benchmarking of Reliable Methods project, we completed several studies using the parallel computing capabilities of the NWChem software and Molecular Science Computing Facility (MSCF), including large-scale density functional theory (DFT), second-order Moeller-Plesset (MP2) perturbation theory, and CCSD(T) calculations. During the third year, we continued to pursue the computational thermodynamic and benchmarking studies outlined in our proposal. With the issues affecting the robustness of the coupled cluster part of NWChem resolved, we pursued studies of the heats-of-formation of compounds containing 5 to 7 first- and/or second-row elements and approximately 10 to 14 hydrogens. The size of these systems, when combined with the large basis sets (cc-pVQZ and aug-cc-pVQZ) that are necessary for extrapolating to the complete basis set limit, creates a formidable computational challenge, for which NWChem on NWMPP1 is well suited.

Feller, David F.; Dixon, David A.; Dunning, Thom H.; Dupuis, Michel; McClemore, Doug; Peterson, Kirk A.; Xantheas, Sotiris S.; Bernholdt, David E.; Windus, Theresa L.; Chalasinski, Grzegorz; Fosada, Rubicelia; Olguim, Jorge; Dobbs, Kerwin D.; Frurip, Donald; Stevens, Walter J.; Rondan, Nelson; Chase, Jared M.; Nichols, Jeffrey A.

2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

249

Software Reliability S. R. Dalal, M.R. Lyu, C. L. Mallows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it quantifies software failures ­ which can make a powerful system inoperative or, as with the Therac­25, deadly the operational behavior of software­based systems with respect to user requirements concerning reliability, development process, system architecture, software operational environment, and their implications

Lyu, Michael R.

250

Reliability Technology earns prestigious Los Alamos Award  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September 2013 Reliability Technology earns prestigious Los Alamos Award Community Connections: Your link to news and opportunities from Los Alamos National Laboratory Latest...

251

Funding Opportunity Announcement: PHYSICS OF RELIABILITY: EVALUATING...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

and development projects that will advance the reliability and durability of solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies. Eligible projects will examine the performance of PV modules and...

252

Substation reliability -- Practical application and system approach  

SciTech Connect

Practical application of reliability analysis was made for the comparison of alternate line and bus arrangements of a future transmission substation with potential savings of up to $3.6 M. The paper describes how both the substation and the power system were simulated by using computer programs STAREL and COMREL. It presents the method used to obtain the most accurate estimates for the outage data of the system components. Finally, it expresses the results with simple reliability indices which can be meaningful for management. The results of the study show the need to include the reliability of the transmission system in a substation reliability evaluation.

Save, P. [Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (United States)] [Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Substation reliability -- Practical application and system approach  

SciTech Connect

Practical application of reliability analysis was made for the comparison of alternate line and bus arrangements of a future transmission substation with potential savings of up to 53.6 M. The paper describes how both the substation and the power system were simulated by using computer programs STAREL and COMREL. It presents the method used to obtain the most accurate estimates for the outage data of the system components. Finally, it expresses the results with simple reliability indices which can be meaningful for management. The results of the study show the need to include the reliability of the transmission system in a substation reliability evaluation.

Save, P. [Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

254

Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Impacts under Various System Configurations of the Mirant Potomac River Plant Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System Configurations of the Mirant...

255

Reliability evaluation of smart distribution grids.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The term "Smart Grid" generally refers to a power grid equipped with the advanced technologies dedicated for purposes such as reliability improvement, ease of control (more)

Kazemi, Shahram

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Microgrid Reliability Modeling and Battery Scheduling Using Stochastic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reliability Modeling and Battery Scheduling Using Stochastic Reliability Modeling and Battery Scheduling Using Stochastic Linear Programming Title Microgrid Reliability Modeling and Battery Scheduling Using Stochastic Linear Programming Publication Type Journal Article Refereed Designation Refereed LBNL Report Number LBNL-6309E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Cardoso, Gonçalo, Michael Stadler, Afzal S. Siddiqui, Chris Marnay, Nicholas DeForest, Ana Barbosa-Póvoa, and Paulo Ferrão Journal Journal of Electric Power Systems Research Volume 103 Pagination 61-69 Date Published 06/2013 Abstract This paper describes the introduction of stochastic linear programming into Operations DER-CAM, a tool used to obtain optimal operating schedules for a given microgrid under local economic and environmental conditions. This application follows previous work on optimal scheduling of a lithium-iron-phosphate battery given the output uncertainty of a 1 MW molten carbonate fuel cell. Both are in the Santa Rita Jail microgrid, located in Dublin, California. This fuel cell has proven unreliable, partially justifying the consideration of storage options. Several stochastic DER-CAM runs are executed to compare different scenarios to values obtained by a deterministic approach. Results indicate that using a stochastic approach provides a conservative yet more lucrative battery schedule. Lower expected energy bills result, given fuel cell outages, in potential savings exceeding 6%.

257

Nonlinear subcritical magnetohydrodynamic beta limit  

SciTech Connect

Published gyrokinetic simulations have had difficulty operating beyond about half the ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) critical beta limit with stationary and low transport levels in some well-established reference cases. Here it is demonstrated that this limitation is unlikely due to numerical instability, but rather appears to be a nonlinear subcritical MHD beta limit[R. E. Waltz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 1098 (1985)] induced by the locally enhanced pressure gradients from the diamagnetic component of the nonlinearly driven (zero frequency) zonal flows. Strong evidence that the zonal flow corrugated pressure gradient profiles can act as a MHD-like beta limit unstable secondary equilibrium is provided. It is shown that the addition of sufficient ExB shear or operation closer to drift wave instability threshold, thereby reducing the high-n drift wave turbulence nonlinear pumping of the zonal flows, can allow the normal high-n ideal MHD beta limit to be reached with low transport levels. Example gyrokinetic simulations of experimental discharges are provided: one near the high-n beta limit reasonably matches the low transport levels needed when the high experimental level of ExB shear is applied; a second experimental example at moderately high beta appears to be limited by the subcritical beta.

Waltz, R. E. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

258

A case study on effectiveness of structural reliability analysis in nuclear reactor safety assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Problems on reliability of structural integrity occupy an important position in various aspects of nuclear reactor safety. In the present paper, an effective method for quantitative evaluation of structural reliability based on stress strength model is developed with the objectives of taking a larger number of factors into the evaluation than before and giving useful results within moderate computing time. The method is applied to the reliability analysis of PWR pressure vessels. The results show the relative importance of inspection as well as the parameter uncertainty for assuring the reliability of the structure, although analysis is limited within the scope of linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM). This case study also shows that the analysis of structural reliability is effective for safety assessment of nuclear power plants in general and possibly for the improvements of the consistency in the design code.

A. Yamaguchi; S. Kondo; Y. Togo

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

ORISE 04-0115 Human Reliability Program Medical Assessments 2004  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ORISE 04-0115 ORISE 04-0115 Office of Security U. S. Department of Energy Human Reliability Program MEDICAL ASSESSMENTS Center for Human Reliability Studies Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education Operated by Oak Ridge Associated Universities For the U. S. Department of Energy Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) is a university consortium leveraging the scientific strength of major research institutions to advance science and education by partnering with national laboratories, government agencies, and private industry. ORAU manages the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) is a DOE facility focusing on scientific initiatives to research health risks from occupational hazards, assess environmental cleanup, respond to radiation medical

260

NREL: Performance and Reliability R&D - Webmaster  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Webmaster Webmaster To contact the Webmaster, please provide your name, e-mail address, and message below. When you are finished, click "Send Message." NOTE: If you enter your e-mail address incorrectly, we will be unable to reply. Your name: Your email address: Your message: Send Message Printable Version Performance & Reliability Home Capabilities Real-Time Reliability Accelerated Testing Research Staff Workshops Publications Did you find what you needed? Yes 1 No 0 Thank you for your feedback. Would you like to take a moment to tell us how we can improve this page? Submit We value your feedback. Thanks! We've received your feedback. Something went wrong. Please try again later. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Reliability estimates for selected sensors in fusion applications  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a study to define several types of sensors in use, the qualitative reliability (failure modes) and quantitative reliability (average failure rates) for these types of process sensors. Temperature, pressure, flow, and level sensors are discussed for water coolant and for cryogenic coolants. The failure rates that have been found are useful for risk assessment and safety analysis. Repair times and calibration intervals are also given when found in the literature. All of these values can also be useful to plant operators and maintenance personnel. Designers may be able to make use of these data when planning systems. The final chapter in this report discusses failure rates for several types of personnel safety sensors, including ionizing radiation monitors, toxic and combustible gas detectors, humidity sensors, and magnetic field sensors. These data could be useful to industrial hygienists and other safety professionals when designing or auditing for personnel safety.

Cadwallader, L.C.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Software Reliability Cases: The Bridge Between Hardware, Software and System Safety and Reliability  

SciTech Connect

High integrity/high consequence systems must be safe and reliable; hence it is only logical that both software safety and software reliability cases should be developed. Risk assessments in safety cases evaluate the severity of the consequences of a hazard and the likelihood of it occurring. The likelihood is directly related to system and software reliability predictions. Software reliability cases, as promoted by SAE JA 1002 and 1003, provide a practical approach to bridge the gap between hardware reliability, software reliability, and system safety and reliability by using a common methodology and information structure. They also facilitate early insight into whether or not a project is on track for meeting stated safety and reliability goals, while facilitating an informed assessment by regulatory and/or contractual authorities.

Herrmann, D.S.; Peercy, D.E.

1999-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

263

Demand Response and Electric Grid Reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Demand Response and Electric Grid Reliability Paul Wattles Senior Analyst, Market Design & Development, ERCOT CATEE Conference, Galveston October 10, 2012 2 North American Bulk Power Grids CATEE Conference October 10, 2012 ? The ERCOT... adequacy ? ?Achieving more DR participation would . . . displace some generation investments, but would achieve the same level of reliability... ? ?Achieving this ideal requires widespread demand response and market structures that enable loads...

Wattles, P.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Data Communication Principles Reliable Data Transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Principles Switching Reliable Data Transfer Data Rate of a Communication Channel Transmission Media Data Principles Switching Reliable Data Transfer Data Rate of a Communication Channel Transmission Media Data Transmission Fiber vs Copper Wire Weight vs bandwidth Cost Security 11 / 52 #12;Data Communication Principles

Ramkumar, Mahalingam

265

On the operator action analysis to reduce operational risk in research reactors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Human errors during operation and the resulting increase in operational risk are major concerns for nuclear reactors, just as they are for all industries. Additionally, human reliability analysis together with probabilistic risk analysis is a key element in reducing operational risk. The purpose of this paper is to analyze human reliability using appropriate methods for the probabilistic representation and calculation of human error to be used alongside probabilistic risk analysis in order to reduce the operational risk of the reactor operation. We present a technique for human error rate prediction and standardized plant analysis risk. Human reliability methods have been utilized to quantify different categories of human errors, which have been applied extensively to nuclear power plants. The Tehran research reactor is selected here as a case study, and after consultation with reactor operators and engineers human errors have been identified and adequate performance shaping factors assigned in order to calculate accurate probabilities of human failure.

Ramin Barati; Saeed Setayeshi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System Configurations of the Mirant Potomac River Plant Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System Configurations of the Mirant Potomac River Plant Docket No. EO-05-01: PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. and PEPCO Holdings, Inc. is hereby providing you with additional information concerning reliability impacts under various system conditions associated with the unavailability of the Potomac River Generating Station to serve load in the D.C. area. Also enclosed as part of this submittal is material provided by PEPCO (balance of sentence redacted) In addition, there is a discussion concerning the impacts of demand side response in addressing this situation. Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System

267

Reliability First Corporation | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reliability First Corporation Reliability First Corporation Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 110, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses gigawatts, billion kilowatthours and quadrillion Btu. The data is broken down into generating capacity, electricity generation and energy consumption. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Gateway Reliability First Corporation SERC Reliability Corporation Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011:Renewable Energy Generation by Fuel - SERC Reliability Corporation / Gateway- Reference Case (xls, 118.9 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed

268

Definition: Reliability Coordinator Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coordinator Area Coordinator Area Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reliability Coordinator Area The collection of generation, transmission, and loads within the boundaries of the Reliability Coordinator. Its boundary coincides with one or more Balancing Authority Areas.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, Reliability Coordinator, Balancing Authority Area, transmission line, balancing authority, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inlin LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. e Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Reliability_Coordinator_Area&oldid=502626" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages

269

Reliable and Semi-reliable Communication with Authentication in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliable and Semi-reliable Communication with Authentication in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Falko of wireless ad hoc sensor networks is the error-proneness and, therefore, the unreliability of communication describe a new approach and an according protocol for usage in ad hoc networks that provides reliable

Breu, Ruth

270

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON RELIABILITY, VOL. 54, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2005 421 Reliability Optimization of Distributed Access  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the SSA. Index Terms--Branch and bound, distributed access networks, optimization, system reliabilityIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON RELIABILITY, VOL. 54, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2005 421 Reliability Optimization of Distributed Access Networks With Constrained Total Cost Fang-Ming Shao, Xuemin (Sherman) Shen, Senior Member

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

271

Reliability analysis for wind turbines with incomplete failure data collected from after the date of initial installation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliability analysis for wind turbines with incomplete failure data collected from after the date model Maximum likelihood Least squares Wind turbines a b s t r a c t Reliability has an impact on wind analysis. In wind energy industry, wind farm operators have greater interest in recording wind turbine

McCalley, James D.

272

On the Analysis of Reed Solomon Coding for Resilience to Transient/Permanent Faults in Highly Reliable Memories  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Single Event Upsets (SEU) as well as permanent faults can significantly affect the correct on-line operation of digital systems, such as memories and microprocessors; a memory can be made resilient to permanent and transient faults by using modular redundancy ... Keywords: High Reliability Systems, Reliability Evaluation, Reed-Solomon Codes, Scrubbing, Dynamic Redundancy

L. Schiano; M. Ottavi; F. Lombardi; S. Pontarelli; A. Salsano

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Operation of orifice meter chart integrators  

SciTech Connect

When properly maintained and operated, the chart integrator can provide reliable chart integration for many years. The overall accuracy of the integration process win be determined by the proficiency of the operator as well as the upkeep and calibration of the chart integrator.

Gray, C. [EMC Services Co., Inc., Arlington, TX (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Electric Power Infrastructure Reliability and Security (EPIRS) Reseach and Development Initiative  

SciTech Connect

Power systems have become increasingly complex and face unprecedented challenges posed by population growth, climate change, national security issues, foreign energy dependence and an aging power infrastructure. Increased demand combined with increased economic and environmental constraints is forcing state, regional and national power grids to expand supply without the large safety and stability margins in generation and transmission capacity that have been the rule in the past. Deregulation, distributed generation, natural and man-made catastrophes and other causes serve to further challenge and complicate management of the electric power grid. To meet the challenges of the 21st century while also maintaining system reliability, the electric power grid must effectively integrate new and advanced technologies both in the actual equipment for energy conversion, transfer and use, and in the command, control, and communication systems by which effective and efficient operation of the system is orchestrated - in essence, the 'smart grid'. This evolution calls for advances in development, integration, analysis, and deployment approaches that ultimately seek to take into account, every step of the way, the dynamic behavior of the system, capturing critical effects due to interdependencies and interaction. This approach is necessary to better mitigate the risk of blackouts and other disruptions and to improve the flexibility and capacity of the grid. Building on prior Navy and Department of Energy investments in infrastructure and resources for electric power systems research, testing, modeling, and simulation at the Florida State University (FSU) Center for Advanced Power Systems (CAPS), this project has continued an initiative aimed at assuring reliable and secure grid operation through a more complete understanding and characterization of some of the key technologies that will be important in a modern electric system, while also fulfilling an education and outreach mission to provide future energy workforce talent and support the electric system stakeholder community. Building upon and extending portions of that research effort, this project has been focused in the following areas: (1) Building high-fidelity integrated power and controls hardware-in-the-loop research and development testbed capabilities (Figure 1). (2) Distributed Energy Resources Integration - (a) Testing Requirements and Methods for Fault Current Limiters, (b) Contributions to the Development of IEEE 1547.7, (c) Analysis of a STATCOM Application for Wind Resource Integration, (d) Development of a Grid-Interactive Inverter with Energy Storage Elements, (e) Simulation-Assisted Advancement of Microgrid Understanding and Applications; (3) Availability of High-Fidelity Dynamic Simulation Tools for Grid Disturbance Investigations; (4) HTS Material Characterization - (a) AC Loss Studies on High Temperature Superconductors, (b) Local Identification of Current-Limiting Mechanisms in Coated Conductors; (5) Cryogenic Dielectric Research; and (6) Workshops, education, and outreach.

Rick Meeker; L. Baldwin; Steinar Dale; Alexander Domijan; Davild Larbalestier; Hui Li; Peter McLaren; Sastry Pamidi; Horatio Rodrigo; Michael Steurer

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

275

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, OE-20  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

January, 2012 January, 2012 Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, OE-20 U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue SW Washington, DC 20585 Greetings: The Wyoming Infrastructure Authority (WIA) hereby submits its initial comments on the 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study (the 2012 Study). The WIA is an instrumentality of the State of Wyoming, created in 2004 by the Wyoming State Legislature and is tasked with "diversifying and expanding the Wyoming economy through improvements in the state's electric transmission infrastructure and to facilitate the consumption of Wyoming energy by planning, financing, constructing, developing, acquiring, maintaining and operating electric transmission facilities, advanced coal technology facilities, advanced energy technology facilities

276

Definition: Stability Limit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Limit Limit Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Stability Limit The maximum power flow possible through some particular point in the system while maintaining stability in the entire system or the part of the system to which the stability limit refers.[1] Related Terms power, system, stability References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Stability_Limit&oldid=480505" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

277

Lean burn limit and time to light characteristics of laser ignition in gas turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work details a study of laser ignition in a low pressure combustion test rig, representative of an industrial gas turbine (SGT-400, Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery Ltd.) and for the first time investigates the effect of air mass flow rate on combustion characteristics at air/fuel ratios at the lean burn limit. Both the lean burn limit and time taken to light are essential in determining the suitability of a specified air/fuel ratio, especially in multi-chamber ignition applications. Through extension of the lean burn limit and reduction of the time taken to light, the operating window for ignition with regards to the air/fuel ratio can be increased, leading to greater reliability and repeatability of ignition. Ignition of a natural gas and air mixture at atmospheric pressure was conducted using both a standard high energy igniter and a laser ignition system utilizing a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser source operating at 1064nm wavelength. A detailed comparison of the lean burn limit and time taken to light for standard ignition and laser ignition is presented.

J. Griffiths; M. Riley; A. Kirk; A. Borman; J. Lawrence; C. Dowding

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Steam turbine blade reliability seminar and workshop: proceedings  

SciTech Connect

An EPRI workshop to address steam turbine blade reliability improvement was cohosted by Boston Edison Company in Boston, Massachusetts on July 7-9, 1982. The 142 attendees represented a broad spectrum of US utilities, equipment manufacturers, and consultants, as well as representatives from Canada, Europe, and Japan. These proceedings contain the text of the formal presentations as well as summaries of the working group sessions which were devoted to topics of particular interest to the workshop participants. The formal presentations were organized under the following general session titles: utility experience with turbine blades; blade failure mechanisms and causes; blade design for high reliability; problem solutions for operating units; and failure analysis, NDE, and diagnostics. In addition to the technical presentations, working group sessions were held on selected topics relevant to steam turbine blade reliability improvement. Each group provided a forum for engineers to exchange ideas and information in a less formal environment. These discussions focused on key issues in more detail and addressed some subjects not covered in the formal presentations. The subjects of these working groups were: low pressure turbine blade problems; solid particle erosion; steam chemistry; failure analysis, NDE, and diagnostics; effect of boiler and balance-of-plant; and retrofittable fixes for blade problems. Individual papers have been entered into EDB and ERA. (LTN)

Brown, R.G.; Quilliam, J.F. (eds.)

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Hybrid reliability model for nuclear reactor safety system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dependability of critical safety systems needs to be quantitatively determined in order to verify their effectiveness, e.g. with regard to regulatory requirements. Since modular redundant safety systems are not required for normal operation, their reliability is strongly dependent on periodic inspection. Several modeling methods for the quantitative assessment of dependability are described in the literature, with a broad variation in complexity and modeling power. Static modeling techniques such as fault tree analysis (FTA) or reliability block diagrams (RBD) are not capable of capturing redundancy and repair or test activities. Dynamic state space based models such as continuous time Markov chains (CTMC) are more powerful but often result in very large, intractable models. Moreover, exponentially distributed state residence times are not a correct representation of actual residence times associated with repair activities or periodic inspection. In this study, a hybrid model combines a system level RBD with a CTMC to describe the dynamics. The effects of periodic testing are modeled by redistributing state probabilities at deterministic test times. Applying the method to the primary safety shutdown system of the BR2(Belgian Reactor 2)nuclear research reactor, resulted in a quantitative as well as a qualitative assessment of its reliability.

Steven Verlinden; Geert Deconinck; Bernard Coup

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

SERC Reliability Corporation | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SERC Reliability Corporation SERC Reliability Corporation Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 113, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses gigawatts, billion kilowatthours and quadrillion Btu. The data is broken down into generating capacity, electricity generation and energy consumption. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO Carolina EIA Renewable Energy Generation SERC Reliability Corporation Virginia Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Renewable Energy Generation by Fuel - SERC Reliability Corporation / Virginia-Carolina- Reference Case (xls, 118.9 KiB) Quality Metrics

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Photovoltaic Module Reliability Workshop 2013 | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and PV Evolutions Impact and Detection of Pyranometer Failure on PV Performance, D.C. Jordan and B. Sekulic of NREL Manufacturing Metrology for c-Si Module ReliabilityDurability,...

282

2014 Transmission Reliability Program Peer Review  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Transmission Reliability Program Peer Review included 20 presentations over 2 days on June 3 - 4, 2014 in Washington, DC. Presentations are available through the links. The agenda is available to download.

283

Reliability of lightning resistant overhead distribution lines  

SciTech Connect

An assessment of the 32 year historical reliability of the 13.8 kV electrical distribution system at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Tennessee has yielded several conclusions useful In the planning of Industrial power Systems. The system configuration at ORNL has essentially remained unchanged in the last 32 years which allows a meaningful comparison of reliability trends for the plant`s eight overhead distribution lines, two of which were built in the 1960`s with lightning resistant construction techniques. Meticulous records indicating the cause, duration, and location of 135 electric outages in the plant`s distribution system have allowed a reliability assessment to be performed. The assessment clearly shows how differences in voltage construction class, length, age, and maximum elevation above a reference elevation influence the reliability of overhead power distribution lines. Comparisons are also made between the ORNL historical data and predicted failure rates from ANSI and IEEE industry surveys.

Tolbert, L.M.; Cleveland, J.T.; Degenhardt, L.J.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Reliability Challenges for Solar Energy (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

PV industry can benefit from reliability testing experience of microelectronics industry . Si modules perform well in field; CdTe/CIGS must be sealed to moisture; CPV in product development stage.

Kurtz, S.

2009-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

285

A method for setting reliability performance criteria  

SciTech Connect

Reliability performance criteria are required for monitoring under the Maintenance Rule. This paper presents a probabilistic approach for establishing these performance criteria on a plant-specific basis. Results are presented for a number of case studies, and are summarized in terms of a deterministic formula. This formula was used to develop and document reliability performance criteria for all Maintenance Rule systems/subsystems at the Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station.

Burns, K.J.; Turcotte, R.T. [Yankee Atomic Electric Co., Bolton, MA (United States). Nuclear Engineering Dept.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Communication Reliability in Network on Chip Designs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

duplication with parity (DAP) and triplication error correction (TEC) with Green bus coding for crosstalk avoidances to guard against crosstalk induced errors is presented in [49] and [50] respectively. Ying et al. in [42] present the design of a reliable... duplication with parity (DAP) and triplication error correction (TEC) with Green bus coding for crosstalk avoidances to guard against crosstalk induced errors is presented in [49] and [50] respectively. Ying et al. in [42] present the design of a reliable...

Kumar, Reeshav

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

287

Reliability improvement of distribution systems using SSVR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a reliability assessment algorithm for distribution systems using a Static Series Voltage Regulator (SSVR). Furthermore, this algorithm considers the effects of Distributed Generation (DG) units, alternative sources, system reconfiguration, load shedding and load adding on distribution system reliability indices. In this algorithm, load points are classified into 8 types and separated restoration times are considered for each class. Comparative studies are conducted to investigate the impacts of DG and alternative source unavailability on the distribution system reliability. For reliability assessment, the customer-oriented reliability indices such as SAIFI, SAIDI, CAIDI ASUI and also load- and energy-oriented indices such as ENS and AENS are evaluated. The effectiveness of the proposed algorithm is examined on the two standard distribution systems consisting of 33 and 69 nodes. The best location of the SSVR in distribution systems is determined based on different reliability indices, separately. Results show that the proposed algorithm is efficient for large-scale radial distribution systems and can accommodate the effects of fault isolation and load restoration.

Mehdi Hosseini; Heidar Ali Shayanfar; Mahmoud Fotuhi-Firuzabad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

SPEAR Operations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interface 1113 N. Kurita J. Langton Vacuum TSP's 1120 J. Corbett A. Terebilo MATLAB Applications - Basics 1121 F. Rafael Booster Kicker Upgrade, Operation Manual 1121...

289

operations center  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

1%2A en Operations Center http:nnsa.energy.govaboutusourprogramsemergencyoperationscounterterrorismoperationscenter

...

290

Reliability-Based Prioritizing Maintenance Policy for Distribution System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an approach to prioritize maintenance tasks in power distribution system based on reliability models. This approach define weighted average system reliability index WASRI employing reliability indices SAIFI, SAIDI, MAIFI and interruption ... Keywords: Maintenance management, distribution reliability, reliability indices

Zhang Yong; Sun Xiaorong; Chen Hao; Fangxing Li

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

February 28, 2006, Department letter reporting completion of NNSA portion of Commitment 23 in the 2004-1 implementation plan, Oversight of Complex, High-Hazard Nuclear Operations, which requires the development of site office action plans to improve the consistency and reliability of work planning and work control at the activity level, including the incorporation of Integrated Safety Management core functions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Washington, DC 20585 Washington, DC 20585 February 28, 2006 OFFICE O F THE ADMINISTRATOR The Honorable A. J. Eggenberger Ch a i rm an Defensc Nuclear Facilities Safety Board 625 Indiana Avenue, NW., Suite 700 Washington, D.C. 20004-2901 Dear Mr. Chairman: On Julie 10, 2005, Secretary Bodnian submitted the Department's Iiizplenzentution Plun to Itizpt-ove Oversight qf'Nucleur Operutions in response to Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) Recommendation 2004- I , Oversight qf Complex, High-Hrrzurd Nucleur Openrtiotzs. Section 5.3 of the Implementation Plan (IP) addresses Revitalizing Integruted SU/i-'ty Munagernent Implementution, and Subsection 5.3.2 addresses Work Plunning mil Work Control ut the Activity Level. Commitment 23 of the 1P requires development of site office action plans to improve the consistency and reliability of work

292

On the problem of reliable stabilization for large power systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the electric power systems such as the Eastern/Western North American grids and European grid have experienced, and moreover pushed the networks to their operational limits. Besides, the integration of land-based/offshore dynamics as well as on the load flow of the system. On the other hand, the transmission grids have seen

Antsaklis, Panos

293

The SACADA database for human reliability and human performance  

SciTech Connect

Lack of appropriate and sufficient human performance data has been identified as a key factor affecting human reliability analysis (HRA) quality especially in the estimation of human error probability (HEP). The Scenario Authoring, Characterization, and Debriefing Application (SACADA) database was developed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to address this data need. An agreement between NRC and the South Texas Project Nuclear Operating Company (STPNOC) was established to support the SACADA development with aims to make the SACADA tool suitable for implementation in the nuclear power plants' operator training program to collect operator performance information. The collected data would support the STPNOC's operator training program and be shared with the NRC for improving HRA quality. This paper discusses the SACADA data taxonomy, the theoretical foundation, the prospective data to be generated from the SACADA raw data to inform human reliability and human performance, and the considerations on the use of simulator data for HRA. Each SACADA data point consists of two information segments: context and performance results. Context is a characterization of the performance challenges to task success. The performance results are the results of performing the task. The data taxonomy uses a macrocognitive functions model for the framework. At a high level, information is classified according to the macrocognitive functions of detecting the plant abnormality, understanding the abnormality, deciding the response plan, executing the response plan, and team related aspects (i.e., communication, teamwork, and supervision). The data are expected to be useful for analyzing the relations between context, error modes and error causes in human performance.

Y. James Chang; Dennis Bley; Lawrence Criscione; Barry Kirwan; Ali Mosleh; Todd Madary; Rodney Nowell; Robert Richards; Emilie M. Roth; Scott Sieben; Antonios Zoulis

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Measuring eating disorder attitudes and behaviors: a reliability generalization study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I used reliability generalization procedures to determine the mean score reliability of the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT), and the Bulimia Test (BULIT). Reliability generalization is a type of meta-analysis used...

Pearson, Crystal Anne

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

295

Reliable Deployment of Component-based Applications into Distributed Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliable Deployment of Component-based Applications into Distributed Environments Abbas Heydarnoori's quality of service properties such as reliability. In distributed sys- tems, the reliability that should be deployed into a large distributed en- vironment, several deployment configurations are typ

Czarnecki, Krzysztof

296

Considering Risk-Taking Behavior in Travel Time Reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wide distribution of preferences for speed and reliability.Distribution of Motorists Preference for Travel Time and Reliability:time, reliability and cost have normal distributions, i.e. ,

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Reliability Analysis of Electric Power Systems Using an Object-oriented Hybrid Modeling Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ongoing evolution of the electric power systems brings about the need to cope with increasingly complex interactions of technical components and relevant actors. In order to integrate a more comprehensive spectrum of different aspects into a probabilistic reliability assessment and to include time-dependent effects, this paper proposes an object-oriented hybrid approach combining agent-based modeling techniques with classical methods such as Monte Carlo simulation. Objects represent both technical components such as generators and transmission lines and non-technical components such as grid operators. The approach allows the calculation of conventional reliability indices and the estimation of blackout frequencies. Furthermore, the influence of the time needed to remove line overloads on the overall system reliability can be assessed. The applicability of the approach is demonstrated by performing simulations on the IEEE Reliability Test System 1996 and on a model of the Swiss high-voltage grid.

Schlpfer, Markus; Krger, Wolfgang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Reliability of EUCLIDIAN: An autonomous robotic system for image-guided prostate brachytherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Recently, several robotic systems have been developed to perform accurate and consistent image-guided brachytherapy. Before introducing a new device into clinical operations, it is important to assess the reliability and mean time before failure (MTBF) of the system. In this article, the authors present the preclinical evaluation and analysis of the reliability and MTBF of an autonomous robotic system, which is developed for prostate seed implantation. Methods: The authors have considered three steps that are important in reliability growth analysis. These steps are: Identification and isolation of failures, classification of failures, and trend analysis. For any one-of-a-kind product, the reliability enhancement is accomplished through test-fix-test. The authors have used failure mode and effect analysis for collection and analysis of reliability data by identifying and categorizing the failure modes. Failures were classified according to severity. Failures that occurred during the operation of this robotic system were considered as nonhomogenous Poisson process. The failure occurrence trend was analyzed using Laplace test. For analyzing and predicting reliability growth, commonly used and widely accepted models, Duane's model and the Army Material Systems Analysis Activity, i.e., Crow's model, were applied. The MTBF was used as an important measure for assessing the system's reliability. Results: During preclinical testing, 3196 seeds (in 53 test cases) were deposited autonomously by the robot and 14 critical failures were encountered. The majority of the failures occurred during the first few cases. The distribution of failures followed Duane's postulation as well as Crow's postulation of reliability growth. The Laplace test index was -3.82 (<0), indicating a significant trend in failure data, and the failure intervals lengthened gradually. The continuous increase in the failure occurrence interval suggested a trend toward improved reliability. The MTBF was 592 seeds, which implied that several prostate seed implantation cases would be possible without encountering any critical failure. The shape parameter for the MTBF was 0.3859 (<1), suggesting a positive reliability growth of this robotic system. At 95% confidence, the reliability for deposition of 65 seeds was more than 90%. Conclusions: Analyses of failure mode strongly indicated a gradual improvement of reliability of this autonomous robotic system. High MTBF implied that several prostate seed implant cases would be possible without encountering any critical failure.

Podder, Tarun K.; Buzurovic, Ivan; Huang Ke; Showalter, Timothy; Dicker, Adam P.; Yu, Yan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Kimmel Cancer Center (NCI-designated), Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107 (United States)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

299

Integration of NDE Reliability and Fracture Mechanics  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest Laboratory is conducting a four-phase program for measuring and evaluating the effectiveness and reliability of in-service inspection (lSI} performed on the primary system piping welds of commercial light water reactors (LWRs). Phase I of the program is complete. A survey was made of the state of practice for ultrasonic rsr of LWR primary system piping welds. Fracture mechanics calculations were made to establish required nondestrutive testing sensitivities. In general, it was found that fatigue flaws less than 25% of wall thickness would not grow to failure within an inspection interval of 10 years. However, in some cases failure could occur considerably faster. Statistical methods for predicting and measuring the effectiveness and reliability of lSI were developed and will be applied in the "Round Robin Inspections" of Phase II. Methods were also developed for the production of flaws typical of those found in service. Samples fabricated by these methods wilI be used in Phase II to test inspection effectiveness and reliability. Measurements were made of the influence of flaw characteristics {i.e., roughness, tightness, and orientation) on inspection reliability. These measurernents, as well as the predictions of a statistical model for inspection reliability, indicate that current reporting and recording sensitivities are inadequate.

Becker, F. L.; Doctor, S. R.; Heas!er, P. G.; Morris, C. J.; Pitman, S. G.; Selby, G. P.; Simonen, F. A.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

High reliability low jitter 80kV pulse generator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Switching can be considered to be the essence of pulsed power. Time accurate switch/trigger systems with low inductance are useful in many applications. This article describes a unique switch geometry coupled with a low-inductance capacitive energy store. The system provides a fast-rising high voltage pulse into a low impedance load. It can be challenging to generate high voltage (more than 50kilovolts) into impedances less than 10???, from a low voltage control signal with a fast rise time and high temporal accuracy. The required power amplification is large, and is usually accomplished with multiple stages. The multiple stages can adversely affect the temporal accuracy and the reliability of the system. In the present application, a highly reliable and low jitter trigger generator was required for the Z pulsed-power facility [M.?E. Savage, L.?F. Bennett, D.?E. Bliss, W.?T. Clark, R.?S. Coats,J.?M. Elizondo, K.?R. LeChien, H.?C. Harjes, J.?M. Lehr, J.?E. Maenchen, D.?H. McDaniel, M.?F. Pasik, T.?D. Pointon, A.?C. Owen, D.?B. Seidel, D.?L. Smith, B.?S. Stoltzfus, K.?W. Struve, W.?A. Stygar, L.?K. Warne, and J.?R. Woodworth, 2007 IEEE Pulsed Power Conference, Albuquerque, NM (IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, 2007), p.979]. The large investment in each Z experiment demands low prefire probability and low jitter simultaneously. The system described here is based on a 100kV DC-charged high-pressure spark gap, triggered with an ultraviolet laser. The system uses a single optical path for simultaneously triggering two parallel switches, allowing lower inductance and electrode erosion with a simple optical system. Performance of the system includes 6ns output rise time into 5.6???, 550ps one-sigma jitter measured from the 5V trigger to the high voltage output, and misfire probability less than 10-4. The design of the system and some key measurements will be shown in the paper. We will discuss the design goals related to high reliability and low jitter. While reliability is usually important, and is coupled with jitter, reliability is seldom given more than a qualitative analysis (if any at all). We will show how reliability of the system was calculated, and results of a jitter-reliability tradeoff study. We will describe the behavior of sulfur hexafluoride as the insulating gas in the mildly nonuniform field geometry at pressures of 300 to 500kPa. We will show the resistance of the arc channels, and show the performance comparisons with normal two-channel operation, and single channel operation.

M. E. Savage and B. S. Stoltzfus

2009-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Now Available: Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience, and Storm Responses (November 2014) Now Available: Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience, and...

302

Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 -...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 - 27 2013, Golden, Colorado Agenda for the PV Module Reliability Workshop, February 26 - 27 2013, Golden, Colorado This...

303

2013 Reliability & Markets Peer Review - Day 2 Presentations...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Review - The Nexus of System Reliability, Energy Costs, and the Environment During High Energy Demand Days - Max Zhang, Cornell More Documents & Publications 2012 Reliability &...

304

Reliability Evaluation of Substations Subject to Protection Failures:.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Reliability evaluation of power system substations is of significant importance when performing asset management. Most of the studies about substation reliability only focus on the (more)

Wang, F.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Thermal Stress and Reliability for Advanced Power Electronics...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces Physics of Failure of Electrical Interconnects Thermal Stress and Reliability for Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Machines...

306

Guide to Using Combined Heat and Power for Enhancing Reliability...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Guide to Using Combined Heat and Power for Enhancing Reliability and Resiliency in Buildings Guide to Using Combined Heat and Power for Enhancing Reliability and Resiliency in...

307

Combined Heat and Power System Enables 100% Reliability at Leading...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enables 100% Reliability at Leading Medical Campus - Case Study, 2013 Combined Heat and Power System Enables 100% Reliability at Leading Medical Campus - Case Study, 2013 Thermal...

308

Methods of estimating the reliability of nuclear reactor installations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Domestic and foreign experience indicate that quantitative analysis of the reliability of reactor systems during their development is a rather effective means of increasing their reliability.

I. Ya. Emel'yanov; A. I. Klemin; E. F. Polyakov

1974-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Recovery...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Recovery Program Plan Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Recovery Program Plan Microsoft Word - OE PSRP June 5 2009...

310

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability is...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability is Closely Monitoring Hurricane Irene (2011) The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability is Closely...

311

Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability FY 2012 Budget...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability FY 2012 Budget Request Presentation Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability FY 2012 Budget Request Presentation...

312

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cyber Security...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cyber Security Project Selections Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Cyber Security Project Selections On...

313

Transmission Reliability "Load as a Resource" Peer Review Materials...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transmission Reliability "Load as a Resource" Peer Review Materials Now Available Transmission Reliability "Load as a Resource" Peer Review Materials Now Available September 25,...

314

Mechanical Reliability of Piezo-Stack Actuators | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mechanical Reliability of Piezo-Stack Actuators Mechanical Reliability of Piezo-Stack Actuators Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies "Mega" Merit Review...

315

Electro-thermal-mechanical Simulation and Reliability for Plug...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Electro-thermal-mechanical Simulation and Reliability for Plug-in Vehicle Converters and Inverters Electro-thermal-mechanical Simulation and Reliability for Plug-in Vehicle...

316

The Business Case for Fuel Cells 2013: Reliability, Resiliency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Reliability, Resiliency & Savings The Business Case for Fuel Cells 2013: Reliability, Resiliency & Savings This report, compiled by Fuel Cells 2000 with support from the Fuel...

317

Reliability of islanded microgrids with stochastic generation and prioritized load  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The potential to improve distribution system reliability is a primary motivation behind the development and deployment of microgrids. Previous studies have illustrated substantial reliability benefits of dispatchable ...

Marden, Mirjana Milosevic

318

Travel Time Reliability: Its Measurement and Prediction | ornl...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

reliability can help agencies understand the performance of their systems and monitor how reliability improves over time. It equips them to answer questions like: What is the...

319

High Reliability, High TemperatureThermoelectric Power Generation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Reliability, High TemperatureThermoelectric Power Generation Materials and Technologies High Reliability, High TemperatureThermoelectric Power Generation Materials and Technologies...

320

July 24, 2009, Visiting Speakers Program - Regulation and High Reliability Organizations by Dr. Jerry Ellig  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and High Reliability and High Reliability Organizations Jerry Ellig Senior Research Fellow Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Health, Safety, and Security Visiting Speakers Program National Academy of Public Administration July 24, 2009 High Reliability Organizations � "Avoid catastrophes in high-risk, complex operating environments ... consistently deliver year-in/year-out high value and high performance regardless of their operating environment." � Key principle: Reality isn't optional. Some examples � Airline and airport security � Electricity � Telecommunications � Finance and banking � Direct wine shipment (OK, maybe not an HRO, but it's a fun and illustrative story) Four suggestions 1. Base decisions on evidence of outcomes 2.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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321

Definition: Operating Plan | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plan Plan Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Operating Plan A document that identifies a group of activities that may be used to achieve some goal. An Operating Plan may contain Operating Procedures and Operating Processes. A company-specific system restoration plan that includes an Operating Procedure for black-starting units, Operating Processes for communicating restoration progress with other entities, etc., is an example of an Operating Plan.[1] Related Terms Operating Procedure, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Operating_Plan&oldid=502599

322

Smart Grid: Creating Jobs while Delivering Reliable,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Smart Grid: Creating Jobs while Delivering Reliable, Smart Grid: Creating Jobs while Delivering Reliable, Environmentally-friendly Energy Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 2 March, 2010 - 14:14 imported OpenEI On April 16th, 2009, Vice President Joe Biden announced that the Department of Energy was planning to develop a stronger, more reliable energy grid. The plan would allocate $3.4 billion in funds to be distributed across the nation, aiding projects aimed at improving and updating the current electrical power grid in the United States. Two projects are funded by smart grid: smaller and larger. Smaller projects range from $300,000 to $20,000,000. These projects typically focus on upgrading equipment in less populated ares. Larger projects range from

323

Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability PROGRAM DESCRIPTION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 2 Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability PROGRAM DESCRIPTION The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) leads national efforts to modernize the electric grid, enhance security and reliability of energy infrastructure, and facilitate recovery from disruptions to the energy supply. As stated in the President's A Policy Framework for the 21 st Century Grid, a smarter, modernized electric grid is fundamental to transforming the Nation's energy system and securing US leadership in a clean energy future. OE supports activities that enable innovation across the energy sector, empower American consumers, and secure our energy future. OE consists of three programs: Research and Development; Permitting, Siting and Analysis; and Infrastructure Security and Energy Restoration.

324

Design operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design operators is a thesis that investigates the nature and characteristics of the design process by examining the interaction of computation with architectural design. The effects of the introduction of these media in ...

Dritsas, Stylianos, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Business Operations  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Office of Business Operations is the central organization for all Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) business products, processes, and systems. The three main offices of...

326

Operating Costs  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This chapter is focused on capital costs for conventional construction and environmental restoration and waste management projects and examines operating cost estimates to verify that all elements of the project have been considered and properly estimated.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

327

Reliability-Based Load and Resistance Factor Rating Using In-Service Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliability-Based Load and Resistance Factor Rating Using In-Service Data Baidurya Bhattacharya, M-dependent maximum live load. An illustrative example uses in-service peak-strain data from ambient traffic collected evaluation techniques are based on design-based deterministic equations that use limited site-specific data

Bhattacharya, Baidurya

328

We present two systems, reliable sockets (rocks) and reliable packets (racks), that provide transparent network connection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract We present two systems, reliable sockets (rocks) and reliable packets (racks of the connection changes IP address, with correct recovery of in-flight data. To allow rocks and racks Protocol that enables the remote detection of rocks and racks, or any other socket enhancement system

Miller, Barton P.

329

Technique for Measuring Hybrid Electronic Component Reliability  

SciTech Connect

Materials compatibility studies of aged, engineered materials and hardware are critical to understanding and predicting component reliability, particularly for systems with extended stockpile life requirements. Nondestructive testing capabilities for component reliability would significantly enhance lifetime predictions. For example, if the detection of crack propagation through a solder joint can be demonstrated, this technique could be used to develop baseline information to statistically determine solder joint lifelengths. This report will investigate high frequency signal response techniques for nondestructively evaluating the electrical behavior of thick film hybrid transmission lines.

Green, C.C.; Hernandez, C.L.; Hosking, F.M.; Robinson, D.; Rutherford, B.; Uribe, F.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Guide to Using Combined Heat and Power for Enhancing Reliability and Resiliency in Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

During and after Hurricane Sandy, combined heat and power (CHP) enabled a number of critical infrastructure and other facilities to continue their operations when the electric grid went down. This guidance document on CHP supports the August 2013 Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Strategy by providing an overview of CHP and examples of how this technology can help improve the resiliency and reliability of key infrastructure.

331

Author's personal copy Reliability-based design and optimization of adaptive marine structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to increase the fuel-efficiency of marine propellers over a range of operating conditions. Similar passiveAuthor's personal copy Reliability-based design and optimization of adaptive marine structures Y.L. Young a,*, J.W. Baker c , M.R. Motley b a Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering

Baker, Jack W.

332

Granite Reliable Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reliable Power Reliable Power Jump to: navigation, search Name Granite Reliable Power Facility Granite Reliable Power Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Brookfield Renewable Energy Group Developer Brookfield Renewable Energy Group Energy Purchaser Green Mountain Power / Central Vermont Public Service / New England Power Pool Location Milan NH Coordinates 44.74039314°, -71.28376007° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.74039314,"lon":-71.28376007,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

333

Reliable Link Maintenance in Cognitive Radio Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resources and overcome the under-utilization of licensed spectrum. Since the licensed user still keeps) have to vacate the spectrum in case the licensed user claims it. In order to maintain the qualityReliable Link Maintenance in Cognitive Radio Systems Daniel Willkomm, James Gross and Adam Wolisz

Gross, James

334

Reliability Meets Big Data: Opportunities and Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be outfitted with sensors that can be used to capture information about how and when and under what #12;1 The Next Generation of Reliability Data 1.1 Background Due to changes in technology, the next sensors and smart chips in a product to measure variables such as use rate, system load, and various

335

REPUTATION AND RELIABILITY IN COLLECTIVE GOODS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REPUTATION AND RELIABILITY IN COLLECTIVE GOODS THE CASE OF THE ONLINE ENCYCLOPEDIA WIKIPEDIA Denise into essentially public goods. Similar to other public goods, incentives for reputation and group identity appear such goods. In this paper we examine how contributor motivations affect the type of contributions made

Smith, Sean W.

336

Reliability centered maintenance for substation equipment  

SciTech Connect

This paper is a collection of training materials on the principles and implementation of reliability centered maintenance. The main areas discussed in this presentation are organized as follows: RCM principles and concepts; RCM tools, resources and methods; overview of the RCM process; example RCM application; living PM program; RCM implementation experience.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Grid Reliability- An Electric Utility Company's Perspective  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentationgiven at the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) Fall 2008 meetingcovers Southern Company's business continuity, North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) cybersecurity, and homeland security as well as physical recovery after a major outage, and five questions to ask your local utility.

338

Relatedness influences signal reliability in evolving robots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

minute in an arena containing a food and a poison source that both emitted red light (figure 1). Robots could distinguish food and poison only at a very close range. The performance of robots was proportional related robots produced signals that reliably indicated the location of the food source and thereby

Floreano, Dario

339

Performance and reliability of Multistage Bus Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are then introduced. Fault tolerance and reliability of an MBN are evaluated using redundancy graphs. It is revealed that MBN in loosely coupled system can totally retain its connection capability in the presence of fault in any single component (i.e. switch, link...

Askar, Tahsin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

340

Operations and Maintenance Program Measurement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Operations and Maintenance Program Measurement Operations and Maintenance Program Measurement Operations and Maintenance Program Measurement October 4, 2013 - 5:19pm Addthis Operations and maintenance (O&M) measurement tends to focus on reliability as the sole metric. Every Federal agency wants a reliable facility, but this metric alone is not enough to build a successful O&M program. O&M managers must think beyond reliability. Successful programs incorporate reliability along with controlling costs, evaluating and implementing new technologies, tracking and reporting health and safety issues, and more. Not only are these metrics useful in assessing effectiveness, but also in equipment cost justification, program modifications, and staff hiring. Common Metrics The following metrics are common in evaluating effective O&M programs. Not

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions Grid of the Future White Paper on Review of Recent Reliability Issues and Systems Events  

SciTech Connect

This report is one of six reports developed under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) program in Power System Integration and Reliability (PSIR). The objective of this report is to review, analyze, and evaluate critical reliability issues demonstrated by recent disturbance events in the North America power system. Eleven major disturbances are examined, most occurring in this decade. The strategic challenge is that the pattern of technical need has persisted for a long period of time. For more than a decade, anticipation of market deregulation has been a major disincentive to new investments in system capacity. It has also inspired reduced maintenance of existing assets. A massive infusion of better technology is emerging as the final option to continue reliable electrical services. If an investment in better technology will not be made in a timely manner, then North America should plan its adjustments to a very different level of electrical service. It is apparent that technical operations staff among the utilities can be very effective at marshaling their forces in the immediate aftermath of a system emergency, and that serious disturbances often lead to improved mechanisms for coordinated operation. It is not at all apparent that such efforts can be sustained through voluntary reliability organizations in which utility personnel external to those organizations do most of the technical work. The eastern interconnection shows several situations in which much of the technical support has migrated from the utilities to the Independent System Operator (ISO), and the ISO staffs or shares staff with the regional reliability council. This process may be a natural and very positive consequence of utility restructuring. If so, the process should be expedited in regions where it is less advanced.

Hauer, John F.; Dagle, Jeffery E.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

BOREAS Operations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Study Area Operations/Thompson Airport (NSA-Ops) Study Area Operations/Thompson Airport (NSA-Ops) NSA Operations (NSA-Ops) The Keewatin Air Hanger: site of BOREAS Ops 1994 Dr. Piers Sellers working in Ops, 1994 BOREAS "Air Force" The NASA C-130 The University of Wyoming King Air The NASA Helicopter The NRC Twin Otter The NCAR Electra The Ontario Chieftain Back to the BOREAS Photo Page Index Other Sites: NSA Photos ||NSA-BP Photos | NSA-Fen Photos | NSA-OA Photos | NSA-OBS Photos | NSA-OJP Photos | NSA-UBS Photos | NSA-YJP Photos | NSA-Ops Photos SSA Photos || SSA-Airport Photos | SSA-Fen Photos | SSA-Mix Photos | SSA-OA Photos | SSA-OBS Photos | SSA-OJP Photos | SSA-YA Photos | SSA-YJP Photos | SSA-Ops Photos | ORNL DAAC Home || ORNL Home || NASA || Privacy, Security, Notices || Data Citation || Rate Us || Help |

343

SSA Operations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Area Operations (SSA-Ops) Area Operations (SSA-Ops) "BOREAS Ops" was located at the Snodrifters Lodge, in Candle Lake, Saskatchewan. Radiosonde balloon launch at Ops The NASA Helicopter lands at Ops A meeting at the Snodrifter's Lodge Release of a radiosonde at the SSA operations center in Candle Lake. Back to the BOREAS Photo Page Index Other Sites: NSA Photos ||NSA-BP Photos | NSA-Fen Photos | NSA-OA Photos | NSA-OBS Photos | NSA-OJP Photos | NSA-UBS Photos | NSA-YJP Photos | NSA-Ops Photos SSA Photos || SSA-Airport Photos | SSA-Fen Photos | SSA-Mix Photos | SSA-OA Photos | SSA-OBS Photos | SSA-OJP Photos | SSA-YA Photos | SSA-YJP Photos | SSA-Ops Photos | ORNL DAAC Home || ORNL Home || NASA || Privacy, Security, Notices || Data Citation || Rate Us || Help | User Services - Tel: +1 (865) 241-3952 or E-mail: uso@daac.ornl.gov

344

How to Estimate the Value of Service Reliability Improvements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

smart grid investment is proposed, reliability improvement is one of the most frequently cited benefits.

Sullivan, Michael J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Improving Work Flow Reliability Proceedings IGLC-7 275  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ballard1 ABSTRACT Improving work flow reliability is important for the productivity of linked productionImproving Work Flow Reliability Proceedings IGLC-7 275 IMPROVING WORK FLOW RELIABILITY Glenn units, and consequently for project cost and duration. One measure of work flow reliability is PPC

Tommelein, Iris D.

346

ORNL/TM-2004/91 MEASUREMENT PRACTICES FOR RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;#12;1. Introduction and Discussion of the Measurement "Toolkit" This report provides a distribution reliabilityORNL/TM-2004/91 MEASUREMENT PRACTICES FOR RELIABILITY AND POWER QUALITY A TOOLKIT OF RELIABILITY MEASUREMENT PRACTICES June 2004 #12;#12;ORNL/TM-2004/91 MEASUREMENT PRACTICES FOR RELIABILITY AND POWER

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

347

A hypothetical profile of ordinary steam turbines with reduced cost and enhanced reliability for contemporary conditions  

SciTech Connect

Power steam turbines should be characterized with the reduced cost and enhanced reliability and designed on the basis of experience in steam turbine design and operation accumulated in the world`s practice for the latest years. Currently, such turbines have to be particularly matched with requirements of operation for deregulated power systems; so they should be capable of operating in both base-load and cycling modes. It seems reasonable to have such turbines with the single capacity about 250--400 MW, supercritical main steam pressure, and single steam reheat. This makes it possible to design such turbines with the minimum specific metal amount and length, with the integrated HP-IP and one two-flow LP cylinders. With existing ferritic and martensitic-class steels, the main and reheat steam temperatures can be chosen at the level of 565--580 C (1050--1075 F) without remarkable supplemental expenditures and a sacrifice of reliability. To reduce the capital cost and simplify operation and maintenance, the turbine`s regenerative system can be designed deaeratorless with motor-driven boiler-feed pumps. Such turbines could be used to replace existing old turbines with minimum expenditures. They can also be combined with large high-temperature gas-turbine sets to shape highly efficient combined-cycle units. There exist various design and technological decisions to enhance the turbine reliability and efficiency; they are well worked up and verified in long-term operation practice of different countries. For reliable and efficient operation, the turbine should be furnished with advanced automatic and automated control, diagnostic monitoring, and informative support for the operational personnel.

Leyzerovich, A.S. [Actinium Corp., St. Louis, MO (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

348

Technical Assistance to ISO's and Grid Operators For Loads Providing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technical Assistance to ISO's and Grid Operators For Loads Technical Assistance to ISO's and Grid Operators For Loads Providing Ancillary Services To Enhance Grid Reliability Technical Assistance to ISO's and Grid Operators For Loads Providing Ancillary Services To Enhance Grid Reliability Project demonstrates and promotes the use of responsive load to provide ancillary services; helps ISOsand grid operators understand the resource and how best to apply it. Technical Assistance to ISO's and Grid Operators For Loads Providing Ancillary Services To Enhance Grid Reliability More Documents & Publications Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience 2012 Load as a Resource Program Peer Review New York Independent System Operator, Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges.

349

Comments of North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges Comments of North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges Response to the Department of Energy's ("DOE") Request for Information (RFI) regarding the "Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges." The North American Electric Reliability Corporation's ("NERC") Reliability Assessment and Performance Analysis Group ("RAPA") is currently developing a report, entitled "Reliability Consideration from Integration of Smart Grid" that will address many of the issues raised in the DOE RFI. North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC)

350

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report The following information represents a partial sequence of events based upon Reliability Coordinator information available to NERC. It is not clear if these events caused the event or were a consequence of other events. NERC is establishing teams to study the event and will coordinate with FERC, DOE, the industry and others. NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report More Documents & Publications North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement U.S. - Canada Power System Outage Task Force: Final Report on the

351

Cost versus reliability sizing strategy for isolated photovoltaic micro-grids in the developing world  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract For many isolated regions in the developing world micro-grids which combine photovoltaic electricity generation and battery storage may represent the most reliable and least expensive form of energy service. Due to climate induced solar resource variations, achieving high reliability levels necessitates excess generation and storage capacity which can significantly increase the end consumer cost of energy. Due to severe financial limitations, many consumers in the developing world may prefer cost versus reliability trade-offs, as long as their basic energy needs are met. Defining reliability as the percent of electricity demand a grid can deliver, we utilize a time series energy balance algorithm at hourly resolution to create cost versus reliability curves of micro-grid performance. We then propose a micro-grid sizing strategy which enables designers with knowledge of local energy needs to determine the acceptability of potential micro-grids. Our strategy relies on visualizing simulation data at increasing levels of temporal resolution to determine where energy shortfalls occur and if they interfere with high priority energy demand. A case study is presented which utilizes the proposed methods. Results suggest that the methodology has the potential to reduce the cost of service while maintaining acceptable consumer reliability.

Mitchell Lee; Daniel Soto; Vijay Modi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Flood control reservoir operations for conditions of limited storage capacity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: ______________________________ ______________________________ Ralph Wurbs Anthony Cahill (Chair of Committee) (Member) ______________________________ ______________________________ Francisco Olivera Patricia Haan... to perform the computations to develop risk-based EOS. The computational algorithm in REOS is divided in three major components: (1) synthetic streamflow generation, (2) mass balance computations, and (3) frequency analysis. The methodology computes...

Rivera Ramirez, Hector David

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

353

Operating Appliances with Mobile Phones Strengths and Limits of a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

unlimited energy supply for locally installed applications. ­ Programmable Screen and Keyboard: Many devices anywhere in the world, both indoors and outdoors. Moreover, short range communication protocols of megahertz and considerable RAM and Flash memory. Given their energy demands for sustained wide area

354

Techniques to evaluate the importance of common cause degradation on reliability and safety of nuclear weapons.  

SciTech Connect

As the nuclear weapon stockpile ages, there is increased concern about common degradation ultimately leading to common cause failure of multiple weapons that could significantly impact reliability or safety. Current acceptable limits for the reliability and safety of a weapon are based on upper limits on the probability of failure of an individual item, assuming that failures among items are independent. We expanded the current acceptable limits to apply to situations with common cause failure. Then, we developed a simple screening process to quickly assess the importance of observed common degradation for both reliability and safety to determine if further action is necessary. The screening process conservatively assumes that common degradation is common cause failure. For a population with between 100 and 5000 items we applied the screening process and conclude the following. In general, for a reliability requirement specified in the Military Characteristics (MCs) for a specific weapon system, common degradation is of concern if more than 100(1-x)% of the weapons are susceptible to common degradation, where x is the required reliability expressed as a fraction. Common degradation is of concern for the safety of a weapon subsystem if more than 0.1% of the population is susceptible to common degradation. Common degradation is of concern for the safety of a weapon component or overall weapon system if two or more components/weapons in the population are susceptible to degradation. Finally, we developed a technique for detailed evaluation of common degradation leading to common cause failure for situations that are determined to be of concern using the screening process. The detailed evaluation requires that best estimates of common cause and independent failure probabilities be produced. Using these techniques, observed common degradation can be evaluated for effects on reliability and safety.

Darby, John L.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Substation Operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THIS book is intended to help the workman to understand the principles of substation operation. It is a good attempt at giving somewhat advanced technical knowledge in such ... ." We are told not to use water to put out a fire at a substation before the station has been made completely " dead." The reason given for this ...

1925-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Reliability and availability of high power proton accelerators.  

SciTech Connect

It has become increasingly important to address the issues of operational reliability and availability of an accelerator complex early in its design and construction phases. In this context, reliability addresses the mean time between failures and the failure rate, and availability takes into account the failure rate as well as the length of time required to repair the failure. Methods to reduce failure rates include reduction of the number of components and over-design of certain key components. Reduction of the on-line repair time can be achieved by judiciously designed hardware, quick-service spare systems, and redundancy. In addition, provisions for easy inspection and maintainability are important for both reduction of the failure rate as well as reduction of the time to repair. The radiation safety exposure principle of ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) is easier to comply with when easy inspection capability and easy maintainability are incorporated into the design. Discussions of past experience in improving accelerator availability, some recent developments, and potential R and D items are presented.

Cho, Y.

1998-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

357

A human reliability analysis of a nuclear explosives dismantlement  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the methodology used in a human reliability analysis (HRA) conducted during a quantitative hazard assessment of a nuclear weapon disassembly process performed at the Pantex plant. The probability of human errors during the disassembly process is an extremely important aspect of estimating accident-sequence frequency for nuclear weapons processing. The methods include the systematic identification of potential human-initiated or enabled accident sequences using an accident-sequence fault tree, the extensive use of walkthroughs and videotaping of the disassembly process, and hands-on testing of postulated human errors. THERP modeling of rule-based behavior and operational data analysis of errors in skill-based behavior are described. A simple method for evaluating the approximate likelihood of nonmalevolent violations of procedures was developed and used to examine the process. The HRA occurred concurrently with process design, so considerable interaction between the analysts and designers occurred and resulted in design changes that are discussed in the paper.

Bott, T.F.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

A study of the performance and reliability of microprocessor based controls  

SciTech Connect

The microprocessor based distribution feeder protection unit is designed for the protection of radial feeders. Since the recloser is one of the most important normal and emergency controllers, it must retain its normal basic operations such as fault detection, timing, and fault interruption under adverse operating environments to provide complete protection and reliability needed by the distribution system. In view of the importance of this recloser to the security and reliable operation of the distribution system, it must undergo rigorous laboratory, environmental and electromagnetic interference (EMI) and field tests before installation is contemplated. To achieve these objectives, a test current from the feeder simulator was applied to the controller and was observed as it stepped through its sequence of tripping and reclosing.

Teshome, A.; Aitken, M.W.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

359

A RAM (Reliability Availability Maintainability) analysis of Consolidated Edison's Gowanus and Narrows gas turbine power plants  

SciTech Connect

A methodology is presented which accurately assesses the ability of gas turbine generating stations to perform their intended function (reliability) while operating in a peaking duty mode. The developed methodology alloys the RAM modeler to calculate the probability that a peaking unit will produce the energy demanded and in turn calculate the total energy lost during a given time period due to unavailability of individual components. The methodology was applied to Consolidated Edison's Narrows site which has 16 barge-mounted General Electric Frame 5 gas turbines operating under a peaking duty mode. The resulting RAM model was quantified using the Narrows site power demand and failure rate data. The model was also quantified using generic failure data from the Operational Reliability Analysis Program (ORAP) for General Electric Frame 5 peaking gas turbines. A problem description list and counter measures are offered for components contributing more than one percent to gas turbine energy loss. 3 refs., 18 figs., 12 tabs.

Johnson, B.W.; Whitehead, T.J.; Derenthal, P.J. (Science Applications International Corp., Los Altos, CA (USA))

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

The concepts of leak before break and absolute reliability of NPP equipment and piping  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the absolute reliability (AR) concept for ensuring safe operation of nuclear plant equipment and piping. The AR of a pipeline or component is defined as the level of reliability when the probability of an instantaneous double-ended break is near zero. AR analysis has been applied to Russian RBMK and VVER type reactors. It is proposed that analyses required for application of the leak before break concept should be included in AR implementation. The basic principles, methods, and approaches that provide the basis for implementing the AR concept are described.

Getman, A.F.; Komarov, O.V.; Sokov, L.M. [and others

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Subtopic c. References: Subtopic c. References: 1. Thomas B. Johansson, Henry Kelly, Amulya K.N. Reddy, and Robert H. Williams, "Renewable Energy: Sources for Fuels and Electricity", Island Press, 1993 2. Patrick Takahashi and Andrew Trenka, "Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion", John Wiley & sons, 1996. *All references can be accessed at: http://archive.epri.com/oceanenergy/streamenergy.html#reports OFFICE OF ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY 28. NATURAL DISASTER REDUCTION THROUGH TECHNOLOGY The U.S. electric power sector is a critical part of our society. Virtually all aspects of residential, industrial, and commercial activities depend on safe, reliable, and affordable electricity. Electricity is among the most infrastructure-intensive segments of the energy sector - the electricity grid includes a network of 5,000 power

362

North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Council Outage Announcement Council Outage Announcement North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement Starting at about 4:11 p.m. EDT, major losses of electric load occurred in the northeastern United States and Canada in the Eastern Interconnection. Although the exact cause is not known at present, the outages are not the result of a terrorist attack. The areas most affected center around the Great Lakes: Michigan, Ohio, New York City, Ontario, Quebec, northern New Jersey, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement More Documents & Publications Blackout 2003: Final Report on the August 14, 2003 Blackout in the United States and Canada: Causes and Recommendations Blackout 2003: Blackout Final Implementation Report

363

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Comments of Cisco Systems to Comments of Cisco Systems to Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Department of Energy in Response to Request for Information: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges to Smart Grid Implementation Issued September 13, 2010 FR Doc. 2010-23251 November 30, 2010 Cisco Systems provides these Comments in response to the Request for Information ("RFI") issued by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability of the Department of Energy ("DOE") on September 13, 2010. The RFI seeks information across a broad range of topics, but also requests that commenters be "concise," and provide "facts and concrete recommendations that can augment the general knowledge." 1 1. Interoperability Standards and the Smart Grid

364

Bridging Resilience Engineering and Human Reliability Analysis  

SciTech Connect

There has been strong interest in the new and emerging field called resilience engineering. This field has been quick to align itself with many existing safety disciplines, but it has also distanced itself from the field of human reliability analysis. To date, the discussion has been somewhat one-sided, with much discussion about the new insights afforded by resilience engineering. This paper presents an attempt to address resilience engineering from the perspective of human reliability analysis (HRA). It is argued that HRA shares much in common with resilience engineering and that, in fact, it can help strengthen nascent ideas in resilience engineering. This paper seeks to clarify and ultimately refute the arguments that have served to divide HRA and resilience engineering.

Ronald L. Boring

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Target structural reliability in life cycle consideration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of minimising life cycle cost can be rationally applied to determine a target reliability of structures. However, there has been a recent legal requirement to reduce CO2 emissions, therefore, the minimisation of life cycle CO2 emission could be an alternative approach in structural design. This paper explains the general formulae for deciding the optimum reliability by minimising the total life cycle cost and the amount of CO2 emission in the structure's lifetime, and also shows that these formulae can be applied to decision making for the cost-benefit problem related to seismic strengthening of structures. Additionally, the role of the engineer is discussed, reflecting the current situation in Japan.

Jun Kanda; Tsuyoshi Takada; Hang Choi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Reliability and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and the Federal Reliability and the Federal and the Federal Reliability and the Federal Energy Regulatory Energy Regulatory Commission Commission Michael Peters Michael Peters Energy Infrastructure & Cyber Security Advisor Energy Infrastructure & Cyber Security Advisor Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Federal Energy Regulatory Commission 202 202 - - 502 502 - - 8461 8461 Michael.Peters@FERC.GOV Michael.Peters@FERC.GOV The views expressed in this The views expressed in this presentation do not represent the presentation do not represent the views of the Federal Energy views of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission or the United Regulatory Commission or the United States. States. These views are the personal opinion These views are the personal opinion of Mike Peters!!!! of Mike Peters!!!! ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺

367

Reliability based inspection scheduling of floaters  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the development and application of reliability based inspection planning techniques for floaters. Based on previous experience from jacket structure applications optimized inspection planning (OIP) techniques for floaters are developed. The differences between floaters and jacket structures in relation to fatigue damage, redundancy levels and inspection practice are examined and reflected in the proposed methodology. The application and benefits of these techniques is demonstrated through representative analyses and important trends are highlighted through the results of a parametric sensitivity study.

Onoufriou, T.; Simpson, R.J.; Protopapas, M.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

368

Operation Poorman  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of Operation Poorman were to design and build a portable seismic system and to set up and use this system in a cold-weather environment. The equipment design uses current technology to achieve a low-power, lightweight system that is configured into three modules. The system was deployed in Alaska during wintertime, and the results provide a basis for specifying a mission-ready seismic verification system.

Pruvost, N.; Tsitouras, J.

1981-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

369

Bias reduction for reliable fault detection of electric motors under measurement noise of non-zero means  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Model identification and fault detection are of importance for reliable motor control. For fault diagnosis, motor parameters must be estimated accurately and reliably during operation. Typical measurement noises for power electronics encounter unknown and drifting non-zero means. This causes identification bias and has detrimental effects on reliability of fault detection. Based on enhanced model structures of electric motors that accommodate both normal and faulty modes, this paper introduces algorithms that correct this bias and restore diagnosis accuracy. BLDC motors are used as a benchmark type for concrete algorithm development and evaluation. Algorithms are presented, their properties are established, and their accuracy and robustness are evaluated by case studies.

Dusan Progovac; Le Yi Wang; George Yin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Limited Test Ban Treaty  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Detection System (USNDS), which monitors compliance with the international Limited Test Ban Treaty (LTBT). The LTBT, signed by 108 countries, prohibits nuclear testing in the...

371

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report The following information represents a partial sequence of events based upon Reliability Coordinator information available to NERC. It is not clear if these events caused the event or were a consequence of other events. NERC is establishing teams to study the event and will coordinate with FERC, DOE, the industry and others. NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report More Documents & Publications North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update Blackout 2003: Final Report on the August 14, 2003 Blackout in the United States and Canada: Causes and Recommendations

372

Impact of automatic switches on power distribution system reliability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper quantitative impact of automatic switches on the reliability of power distribution systems is studied. Based on the characteristics of the studied system's topology, the reliability model is developed for the implementation of Monte Carlo simulation. Reliability indices on each load have been computed to obtain an overall reliability assessment of the system, and the sensitivity of the reliability indices to the location of automatic switches is also studied. Simulation results are used to illustrate the validity of the approach and are compared with the historical reliability records.

H. Zheng; Y. Cheng; B. Gou; D. Frank; A. Bern; W.E. Muston

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Topic A and B Awardee: Electric Reliability Council of Texas | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Development » Transmission Planning » Technology Development » Transmission Planning » Recovery Act Interconnection Transmission Planning » Learn More About Interconnections » Topic A and B Awardee: Electric Reliability Council of Texas Topic A and B Awardee: Electric Reliability Council of Texas The Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) manages the flow of electric power to 22 million Texas customers - representing 85 percent of the state's electric load and 75 percent of the Texas land area. As the independent system operator for the region, ERCOT schedules power on an electric grid that connects 40,000 miles of transmission lines and more than 550 generation units. ERCOT also manages financial settlement for the competitive wholesale bulk-power market and administers customer switching

374

NREL: Performance and Reliability R&D - Accelerated Testing of Modules and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerated Testing of Modules and Components for Photovoltaic Reliability Accelerated Testing of Modules and Components for Photovoltaic Reliability To conduct accelerated testing of modules and components, NREL subjects photovoltaic (PV) components and materials to stressors such as thermal cycling, heat, moisture, and ultraviolet light to provide early indication of potential failure modes. New accelerated test and diagnostic techniques are developed to meet specific needs, especially those associated with understanding new devices and materials. NREL capabilities for accelerated testing for photovoltaic reliability involve two types of testing: Accelerated Testing of Modules Accelerated Testing of Components. Accelerated Testing of Modules To conduct tests on accelerated testing, NREL maintains and operates a collection of environmental chambers for application of humidity, heat,

375

Evaluation of the state of the dam and foundation of the Sayano-Shushenskoe Hydroelectric Station and measures to ensure its reliability (based on materials of the expert commission formed by the Engineering Academy of the Russian Federation)  

SciTech Connect

During the first years of operation of the Sayano-Shushenskoe hydrostation deviations from the design premises were detected in the {open_quotes}dam-foundation{close_quotes} system, and some of them can be assigned to the second group of limit states. In connection with this, P.R. Khlopenkov sent a letter to the State Committee for Emergency Situations about the emergency, in his opinion, state of the Sayano-Shushenskoe hydrostation. The indicated letter was the cause for creating an independent expert commission formed by the Engineering Academy of the Russian Federation at the request of O.V. Britvin, vice-president of the Russian Power and Electrification joint-stock company, the task of which included an objective evaluation of the reliability of that structure and, when necessary, giving recommendations aimed at ensuring its further normal operation.

Rozanov, N.P.; Kubetskii, V.L.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Understanding Bulk Power Reliability: The Importance of Good Data and A Critical Review of Existing Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Electric Power Distribution Reliability Indices. ISBN 0-to report distribution system reliability for each dataset

Fisher, Emily

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Availability and Reliability Issues for ILC  

SciTech Connect

The International Linear Collider (ILC) will be the largest most complicated accelerator ever built. For this reason extensive work is being done early in the design phase to ensure that it will be reliable enough. This includes gathering failure mode data from existing accelerators and simulating the failures and repair times of the ILC. This simulation has been written in a general fashion using MATLAB and could be used for other accelerators. Results from the simulation tool have been used in making some of the major ILC design decisions and an unavailability budget has been developed.

Himel, T.; Nelson, J.; Phinney, N.; /SLAC; Ross, M.; /Fermilab

2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

378

Performance and Reliability of Quantum Cascade Lasers  

SciTech Connect

We present the burn-in behavior and power stability of multiple quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) that were measured to investigate their long-term performance. For these experiments, the current to the QCL was cycled every ten minutes, and the output power was monitored over time for durations as long as two months. A small increase in power for a given injection current is observed for almost all of the QCLs tested during the burn-in period. The data from these experiments will be presented along with the effects of packaging the QCLs to determine the impact on performance and reliability.

Myers, Tanya L.; Cannon, Bret D.; Taubman, Matthew S.; Bernacki, Bruce E.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Final report on reliability and lifetime prediction.  

SciTech Connect

This document highlights the important results obtained from the subtask of the Goodyear CRADA devoted to better understanding reliability of tires and to developing better lifetime prediction methods. The overall objective was to establish the chemical and physical basis for the degradation of tires using standard as well as unique models and experimental techniques. Of particular interest was the potential application of our unique modulus profiling apparatus for assessing tire properties and for following tire degradation. During the course of this complex investigation, extensive relevant information was generated, including experimental results, data analyses and development of models and instruments. Detailed descriptions of the findings are included in this report.

Gillen, Kenneth Todd; Wise, Jonathan; Jones, Gary D.; Causa, Al G. [Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., Akron, OH; Terrill, Edward R. [Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., Akron, OH; Borowczak, Marc [Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., Akron, OH

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Reliability assessment of a 1 MV LTD.  

SciTech Connect

A 1 MV linear transformer driver (LTD) is being tested with a large area e-beam diode load at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). The experiments will be utilized to determine the repeatability of the output pulse and the reliability of the components. The 1 MV accelerator is being used to determine the feasibility of designing a 6 MV LTD for radiography experiments. The peak voltage, risetime, and pulse width as well as the cavity timing jitter are analyzed to determine the repeatability of the output pulse.

Portillo, Salvador; Chavez, Raymond (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM); Molina, Isidro; Kim, Alexandre A. (High Current Electronics Institute, Tomsk, Russia); Johnson, David L. (Titan Pulsed Sciences Division, San Leandro, CA); Maenchen, John Eric; Leckbee, Joshua J.; Ziska, Derek Raymond (Ktech Corporation, Albuquerque, NM)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Using Fragmentation To Increase Reliability For Workflow Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a large organization, at any moment there may exist a large number of process instances. If a failure occurs a considerable number of them may be affected. Thus enhancing reliability is an important issue in workflow applications. Traditionally, reliability ...

J. Tang; J. Veijalainen

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

2014 Reliability & Markets Peer Review- Day 1 Presentations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Transmission Reliability R&D Reliability & Markets Peer Review included 6 sessions over 2 days on August 5 - 6, 2014. Presentations from Day 1 (Sessions I through IV) are available here.

383

Implications of reliability in mechanistic/empirical pavement design applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to engineering is that; reliability is the probability that an engineered system will perform its required function adequately for a specified period of time under the stated conditions. Reliability is important because of the uncertainty involved...

Killingsworth, Brian Mark

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

The effect of Relay Protection on the Substation Reliability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a model for evaluating the reliability of the substation actions after transmission grid faults. The model ... of different line protection systems by using the substation reliability model is...

Liisa Pottonen; Urho Pulkkinen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Reliability in Automotive Engineering by Fuzzy Rule-Based FMEA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is a reliability estimation method intended to ... used to distinguish these methods. The fuzzy FMEA is a quantitative method of reliability or...

Lszl Pokordi; Tmea Flep

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Designing CPV Receivers With Reliability: Early Evaluation of Components  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Everett, A. Blakers Centre for Sustainable Energy Systems, The Australian National University, Canberra: Early detection of performance issues allows more rapid & reliable design optimisation. Thermal. Ultra light-weight Fresnel mirror enclosed system. DESIGN RELIABILITY PRODUCTION Early detection

387

Case Study: Fuel Cells Increase Reliability at First National...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Increase Reliability at First National Bank of Omaha Case Study: Fuel Cells Increase Reliability at First National Bank of Omaha First National Bank of Omaha installed a fuel cell...

388

Human Reliability Program (HRP) - HPMC Occupational Health Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis Human Reliability Program (HRP) Industrial Rehabilitation & Ergonomics Infection Control & Immunizations Influenza Immunization Program Medical Exam Scheduling Medical...

389

Improving the Design Reliability of Petroleum Pipeline Components on Repair  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Developments are considered that may appreciably improve the design reliability in the repair of petroleum pipeline components.

I. N. Karelin

390

2012 Annual Planning Summary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2012 and 2013 within Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability.

391

Optical limiting materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Optical limiting materials. Methanofullerenes, fulleroids and/or other fullerenes chemically altered for enhanced solubility, in liquid solution, and in solid blends with transparent glass (SiO.sub.2) gels or polymers, or semiconducting (conjugated) polymers, are shown to be useful as optical limiters (optical surge protectors). The nonlinear absorption is tunable such that the energy transmitted through such blends saturates at high input energy per pulse over a wide range of wavelengths from 400-1100 nm by selecting the host material for its absorption wavelength and ability to transfer the absorbed energy into the optical limiting composition dissolved therein. This phenomenon should be generalizable to other compositions than substituted fullerenes.

McBranch, Duncan W. (Santa Fe, NM); Mattes, Benjamin R. (Santa Fe, NM); Koskelo, Aaron C. (Los Alamos, NM); Heeger, Alan J. (Santa Barbara, CA); Robinson, Jeanne M. (Los Alamos, NM); Smilowitz, Laura B. (Los Alamos, NM); Klimov, Victor I. (Los Alamos, NM); Cha, Myoungsik (Goleta, CA); Sariciftci, N. Serdar (Santa Barbara, CA); Hummelen, Jan C. (Groningen, NL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Definition: Operating Procedure | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Procedure Procedure Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Operating Procedure A document that identifies specific steps or tasks that should be taken by one or more specific operating positions to achieve specific operating goal(s). The steps in an Operating Procedure should be followed in the order in which they are presented, and should be performed by the position(s) identified. A document that lists the specific steps for a system operator to take in removing a specific transmission line from service is an example of an Operating Procedure.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, transmission line References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from

393

A QUALITY CONTROL FRAMEWORK FOR BUS SCHEDULE RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A QUALITY CONTROL FRAMEWORK FOR BUS SCHEDULE RELIABILITY JIE LIN*, University of Illinois Institute A QUALITY CONTROL FRAMEWORK FOR BUS SCHEDULE RELIABILITY Abstract This paper develops and demonstrates a quality control framework for bus schedule reliability. Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) devices

Illinois at Chicago, University of

394

RELIABILITY COMPARISON MODELS FOR OFFSHORE WIND TURBINES (OWT)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RELIABILITY COMPARISON MODELS FOR OFFSHORE WIND TURBINES (OWT) Yizhou Lu, T. M. Delorm, A. Christou of the reliability of these 5 Types Surrogate failure rate data Onshore wind turbines (OT) 1-1.5MW CONCLUSIONS., Faulstich, S. & van Bussel G. J. W. Reliability & availability of wind turbine electrical & electronic

Bernstein, Joseph B.

395

Photovoltaic Module Reliability Workshop 2014: February 25-26, 2014  

SciTech Connect

NREL's Photovoltaic (PV) Module Reliability Workshop (PVMRW) brings together PV reliability experts to share information, leading to the improvement of PV module reliability. Such improvement reduces the cost of solar electricity and promotes investor confidence in the technology--both critical goals for moving PV technologies deeper into the electricity marketplace.

Kurtz, S.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Photovoltaic Module Reliability Workshop 2013: February 26-27, 2013  

SciTech Connect

NREL's Photovoltaic (PV) Module Reliability Workshop (PVMRW) brings together PV reliability experts to share information, leading to the improvement of PV module reliability. Such improvement reduces the cost of solar electricity and promotes investor confidence in the technology--both critical goals for moving PV technologies deeper into the electricity marketplace.

Kurtz, S.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Dynamically Quantifying and Improving the Reliability of Distributed Storage Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamically Quantifying and Improving the Reliability of Distributed Storage Systems Rekha Bachwani,ricardob}@cs.rutgers.edu {gryz,dubnicki}@nec-labs.com Abstract In this paper, we argue that the reliability of large-scale storage systems can be significantly improved by using bet- ter reliability metrics and more efficient

Bianchini, Ricardo

398

Reliability of Heterogeneous Distributed Computing Systems in the Presence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliability of Heterogeneous Distributed Computing Systems in the Presence of Correlated Failures of correlated failures are also investigated. Index Terms--Distributed computing, load balancing, reliability Jorge E. Pezoa, Member, IEEE and Majeed M. Hayat, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--While the reliability

Hayat, Majeed M.

399

Guest Editorial: Special Issue on Reliable Distributed Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guest Editorial: Special Issue on Reliable Distributed Systems Shambhu J. Upadhyaya, Senior Member, designers, and implementers of distributed systems, with emphasis on system properties such as reliability with the 19th IEEE Symposium on Reliable Distributed Systems held at Nuernberg, Germany, 2000, but the topics

Firenze, Università degli Studi di

400

Systematic Comparison of Operating Reserve Methodologies: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Operating reserve requirements are a key component of modern power systems, and they contribute to maintaining reliable operations with minimum economic impact. No universal method exists for determining reserve requirements, thus there is a need for a thorough study and performance comparison of the different existing methodologies. Increasing penetrations of variable generation (VG) on electric power systems are posed to increase system uncertainty and variability, thus the need for additional reserve also increases. This paper presents background information on operating reserve and its relationship to VG. A consistent comparison of three methodologies to calculate regulating and flexibility reserve in systems with VG is performed.

Ibanez, E.; Krad, I.; Ela, E.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan : Draft Environmental Impact State.  

SciTech Connect

The Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) identifies the alternatives for solving a power system problem in the Puget Sound area. This Plan is undertaken by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Puget Sound Power Light, Seattle City Light, Snohomish Public Utility District No. 1 (PUD), and Tacoma Public Utilities. The Plan consists of potential actions in Puget Sound and other areas in the State of Washington. A specific need exists in the Puget Sound area for balance between east-west transmission capacity and the increasing demand to import power generated east of the Cascades. At certain times of the year, there is more demand for power than the electric system can supply in the Puget Sound area. This high demand, called peak demand, occurs during the winter months when unusually cold weather increases electricity use for heating. The existing power system can supply enough power if no emergencies occur. However, during emergencies, the system will not operate properly. As demand grows, the system becomes more strained. To meet demand, the rate of growth of demand must be reduced or the ability to serve the demand must be increased, or both. The plan to balance Puget Sound's power demand and supply has these purposes: The plan should define a set of actions that would accommodate ten years of load growth (1994--2003). Federal and State environmental quality requirements should be met. The plan should be consistent with the plans of the Northwest Power Planning Council. The plan should serve as a consensus guideline for coordinated utility action. The plan should be flexible to accommodate uncertainties and differing utility needs. The plan should balance environmental impacts and economic costs. The plan should provide electric system reliability consistent with customer expectations. 29 figs., 24 tabs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Puget Sound area electric reliability plan. Draft environmental impact statement  

SciTech Connect

The Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) identifies the alternatives for solving a power system problem in the Puget Sound area. This Plan is undertaken by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Puget Sound Power & Light, Seattle City Light, Snohomish Public Utility District No. 1 (PUD), and Tacoma Public Utilities. The Plan consists of potential actions in Puget Sound and other areas in the State of Washington. A specific need exists in the Puget Sound area for balance between east-west transmission capacity and the increasing demand to import power generated east of the Cascades. At certain times of the year, there is more demand for power than the electric system can supply in the Puget Sound area. This high demand, called peak demand, occurs during the winter months when unusually cold weather increases electricity use for heating. The existing power system can supply enough power if no emergencies occur. However, during emergencies, the system will not operate properly. As demand grows, the system becomes more strained. To meet demand, the rate of growth of demand must be reduced or the ability to serve the demand must be increased, or both. The plan to balance Puget Sound`s power demand and supply has these purposes: The plan should define a set of actions that would accommodate ten years of load growth (1994--2003). Federal and State environmental quality requirements should be met. The plan should be consistent with the plans of the Northwest Power Planning Council. The plan should serve as a consensus guideline for coordinated utility action. The plan should be flexible to accommodate uncertainties and differing utility needs. The plan should balance environmental impacts and economic costs. The plan should provide electric system reliability consistent with customer expectations. 29 figs., 24 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

failure at a 400 kV substation. The blackout affected 4.5construction crew and by the Substation Operators failing toprocedures at San Mateo substation. The blackout affected

Eto, Joe

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Measurement and self-adjoint operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The approximations of classical mechanics resulting from quantum mechanics are richer than a correspondence of classical dynamical variables with self-adjoint Hilbert space operators. Assertion that classical dynamic variables correspond to self-adjoint Hilbert space operators is disputable and sets unnatural limits on quantum mechanics. Well known examples of classical dynamical variables not associated with self-adjoint Hilbert space operators are discussed as a motivation for the realizations of quantum field theory that lack Hermitian field operators but exhibit interaction.

Glenn Eric Johnson

2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

405

Limited Commercial Maintenance (LCLM) Limited Lawn & Ornamental (LLO)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance, Ornamental & Turf, Private Ag, or General Standards CORE for Limited Commercial Landscape Maintenance (LCLM), you must attend all day to earn the 6 CEUs required. Limited Commercial Maintenance (LCLM) Limited Lawn & Ornamental (LLO) Training & Exams Date

Florida, University of

406

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON RELIABILITY, VOL. 42, NO. 4, 1993 DECEMBER 641 Bayes Estimation of the Extreme-Value Reliability Function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& Conclusions-This paper obtainsBayesestimates of the reliability function of the extreme value distribution referred to as the Gumbel distribution, is widely used in reliability and life testing. This distribution estimatesof the reliability func- tion of the EV1 distribution using two well known Bayes ap- proximation

407

Modal Analysis for Grid Operation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Presenter: Ning Zhou Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ning.zhou@pnnl.gov 27/28 June 2013 Washington, DC DOE/OE Transmission Reliability Program Past Oscillation Event - 1996/08/10 [bitmap version 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 15:42:03 15:48:51 15:47:36 Power (MW) August 10, 1996 Western Power System Breakup California-Oregon Intertie Time Domain ~ -3.1% < ~3.5% Damping ~ 8.4% Early Warning ~6 minutes Freq Domain Project Objective  Ways to Improve Damping - Power System Stabilizer (PSS): parameters pre-tuned based on off-line scenarios - Reactive Support: locations pre-selected based on off-line scenarios - Adjustment of Operator Controllable Variables : operator actions determined with the on-line scenarios  Objective of this Project:

408

CRAD, Conduct of Operations Assessment Plan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Conduct of Operations Assessment Plan Conduct of Operations Assessment Plan CRAD, Conduct of Operations Assessment Plan Performance Objective: The purpose of this assessment is to verify programmatic implementation of DOE O 5480.19, "Conduct of Operations Requirements of DOE Facilities" Criteria: Operations at DOE facilities shall be conducted in a manner to assure an acceptable level of safety. (DOE O 5408.19 Conduct of Operations for DOE Facilities) Operators at facilities shall have procedures in place to control the conduct of their operations. (DOE O 5408.19 Conduct of Operations for DOE Facilities) Line organizations shall review existing and planed programs important to safe and reliable facility operations. (DOE O 5408.19 Conduct of Operations for DOE Facilities) Line organizations shall assess the effectiveness of corporate

409

Reliable Networking Infrastructures A Brief Overview of Research in Reliable Networking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute FOKUS, Berlin ++ www.fokus.fraunhofer.de/go/innovation ++ 11­2009 #12;Security Reliable Networking structure (RNI) Group Launched by Dr.Yacine Rebahi and Dragos Ving arzan at Fraunhofer FOKUS. Senior at the Fraunhofer FOKUS competence center NGNI. Prior to joining FOKUS in 2002, he worked at Ericsson in Voice over

Wichmann, Felix

410

2010 Transmission Reliability Program Peer Review | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transmission Reliability Program Peer Review Transmission Reliability Program Peer Review 2010 Transmission Reliability Program Peer Review The Transmission Reliability research area focuses on two key areas: 1) Real-Time Grid Reliability Management and 2) Reliability and Markets. The first area develops monitoring and analysis tools that process synchrophasor data to enable real-time assessment of grid status and stability margins, with the goal of improving power system reliability and visibility through wide-area measurement and control. It is developing advanced technologies and tools to help create a resilient electric transmission system that can better detect disturbances, accommodate a variety of generation sources, and automatically reconfigure the grid to prevent widespread outages and/or rebalance the system. The second area

411

Reliable Power Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Inc Power Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Reliable Power Inc Place Arlington, Virginia Zip VA 22201 Product US-based fuel cell manufacturer. Coordinates 43.337585°, -89.379449° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.337585,"lon":-89.379449,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

412

Reliability analysis of steel-containment strength  

SciTech Connect

A best estimate and uncertainty assessment of the resistance of the St. Lucie, Cherokee, Perry, WPPSS and Browns Ferry containment vessels was performed. The Monte Carlo simulation technique and second moment approach were compared as a means of calculating the probability distribution of the containment resistance. A uniform static internal pressure was used and strain ductility was taken as the failure criterion. Approximate methods were developed and calibrated with finite element analysis. Both approximate and finite element analyses were performed on the axisymmetric containment structure. An uncertainty assessment of the containment strength was then performed by the second moment reliability method. Based upon the approximate methods, the cumulative distribution for the resistance of each of the five containments (shell modes only) is presented.

Greimann, L.G.; Fanous, F.; Wold-Tinsae, A.; Ketalaar, D.; Lin, T.; Bluhm, D.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

HUMAN RELIABILITY ANALYSIS FOR COMPUTERIZED PROCEDURES  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides a characterization of human reliability analysis (HRA) issues for computerized procedures in nuclear power plant control rooms. It is beyond the scope of this paper to propose a new HRA approach or to recommend specific methods or refinements to those methods. Rather, this paper provides a review of HRA as applied to traditional paper-based procedures, followed by a discussion of what specific factors should additionally be considered in HRAs for computerized procedures. Performance shaping factors and failure modes unique to computerized procedures are highlighted. Since there is no definitive guide to HRA for paper-based procedures, this paper also serves to clarify the existing guidance on paper-based procedures before delving into the unique aspects of computerized procedures.

Ronald L. Boring; David I. Gertman; Katya Le Blanc

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

RTI International Develops SSL Luminaire Reliability Model  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

With the help of DOE funding, RTI International is developing and validating accelerated life testing (ALT) methodologies and a reliability model for predicting the lifetime of integrated solid-state lighting luminaires. Since data is essential to building this model, the technical literature in the electronics and lighting communities has been extensively utilized. However, the general lack of certified information on luminaire failure modes (for both SSL luminaires and older technologies) has required that a majority of the effort during this work focus on understanding what happens during the luminaire aging process. This information is being used to identify potential failure modes, understand variations across a given product line, and ultimately determine how long testing will take.

415

Security Clearances; Limitations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SEC. 1072. SECURITY CLEARANCES; LIMITATIONS. SEC. 1072. SECURITY CLEARANCES; LIMITATIONS. (a) In General.-Title III of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (50 U.S.C. 435b) is amended by adding at the end the following new section: "SEC. 3002. SECURITY CLEARANCES; LIMITATIONS. "(a) Definitions.-In this section: "(1) Controlled substance.-The term `controlled substance' has the meaning given that term in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 802). "(2) Covered person.-The term `covered person' means- "(A) an officer or employee of a Federal agency; "(B) a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps who is on active duty or is in an active status; and "(C) an officer or employee of a contractor of a Federal agency.

416

Operating Experience Committee Charter  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and the ability to learn from experience are attributes consistently evident in High Reliability Organizations. These organizations are learning organizations, which have...

417

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

13 Table 5. 2006 Renewable Capacity and EstimatedMW)13 Table 6. 2006 Renewable Energy & Estimatedcapacity of renewable resources. ..16

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Applications of Automatic Vehicle Location systems towards improving service reliability and operations planning in London  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technological advances in the transit industry, such as the introduction of Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) systems, have provided agencies with robust data collection and measurement systems and enabled the development ...

Ehrlich, Joseph Emanuel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

San Luis Rey, Talega Imperial Valley, San Onofre, TijuanatoMirage(nearImperialValley);windatDevers, Antelopefollows: GeothermalImperialValley,Nevada,andNorthern

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

asfollows: GeothermalImperialValley,Nevada,andislikelyforgeothermalresourcesinImperialValley andGeothermalresourcesarelikelytoconnecttoMirage(nearImperialValley);

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

MBTA Green Line 3-car train operating plans to enhance capacity and reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transit agencies face a variety of challenges, from increasing ridership to changes in infrastructure, to system expansions, all of which require significant preparation to accommodate the changes without affecting passengers ...

Malikova, Alexandra A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Options on Renewables Integration ..28Issues and Action Items for Renewables Integration.additionalenergyfromrenewableswillbe neededtomeet

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

allremoteresource (renewableandnon?renewable)totheallremoteresource (renewable andnon?renewable)totheutilizationofrenewable resourcesandmeetingtheRPS.

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3. Renewable Energy Production Required for Alternative RPS33percentRPSby2020,energyproductionfromrenewablesuchastheirdailyenergyproductionprofiles).

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

13 Table 6. 2006 Renewable Energy & Estimated Requirementsin2020. Table 4. Renewable Energy and Capacity2006fortransferofrenewableenergyfromtheL.A. Basin Area

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

12 Table 3. Renewable Energy Production Required forTable Table 3. Renewable Energy Production Required forEnergy Consumption Renewable Energy Production B kWH Year In

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ES. CaliforniaEnergyCommission. MapofSolarResourceEnergy Resource Type MW Additional MW MW Production BkWh Geothermal Biomass Small Hydro 830 est Wind Solar

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D.PDF]. CaliforniaEnergyCommission. April, 2007. 2007?007. CaliforniaEnergyCommission. November2007. SF2.PDF]. CaliforniaEnergyCommission. May30,2008.

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MapofSolarResourcePotentialinCalifornia, [http://maps/solar_potential.html]. CaliforniaEnergySolarThermalBarstow,Mohave,andCentralCalifornia For

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Devers, AntelopeandVincent;solarthermalatLugo;andscale developmentofwind,solarthermal,andgeothermalwithinloadcenters. SolarThermal7,000MWtotal,with

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Extremum seeking control for efficient and reliable operation of air-side economizers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Economizers have been recognized as a class of energy-saving devices for heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems that may increase the energy efficiency by taking advantage of outdoor air during cool or cold weather. There has been a ...

Pengfei Li; Yaoyu Li; John E. Seem

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

productionlevelfromsmallhydroasrecordedin2006. kWH Geothermal Biomass Small Hydro 830 est Wind Solar TotalRPS Geothermal Biomass Small Hydro 830 est Wind Solar Total

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

kVlineisupgraded. TheTehachapiRenewableTransmissionTransmissionProjectandthePaloVerde/Harquahala?DeversNo. 2 500kVline

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Intergrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) Summary Manual  

SciTech Connect

The Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) is a software application developed for performing a complete probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) using a personal computer (PC) running the Microsoft Windows operating system. SAPHIRE is primarily funded by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and developed by the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). INL's primary role in this project is that of software developer and tester. However, INL also plays an important role in technology transfer by interfacing and supporting SAPHIRE users, who constitute a wide range of PRA practitioners from the NRC, national laboratories, the private sector, and foreign countries. SAPHIRE can be used to model a complex systems response to initiating events and quantify associated consequential outcome frequencies. Specifically, for nuclear power plant applications, SAPHIRE can identify important contributors to core damage (Level 1 PRA) and containment failure during a severe accident which lead to releases (Level 2 PRA). It can be used for a PRA where the reactor is at full power, low power, or at shutdown conditions. Furthermore, it can be used to analyze both internal and external initiating events and has special features for transforming an internal events model to a model for external events, such as flooding and fire analysis. It can also be used in a limited manner to quantify risk in terms of release consequences to the public and environment (Level 3 PRA). SAPHIRE also includes a separate module called the Graphical Evaluation Module (GEM). GEM is a special user interface linked to SAPHIRE that automates the SAPHIRE process steps for evaluating operational events at commercial nuclear power plants. Using GEM, an analyst can estimate the risk associated with operational events (for example, to calculate a conditional core damage probability) very efficiently and expeditiously. This report provides an overview of the functions available in SAPHIRE and presents general instructions for using the software. Section 1 presents SAPHIREs historical evolution and summarizes its capabilities. Section 2 presents instructions for installing and using the code. Section 3 explains the database structure used in SAPHIRE and discusses database concepts. Section 4 explains how PRA data (event frequencies, human error probabilities, etc.) can be generated and manipulated using change sets. Section 5 deals with fault tree operations, including constructing, editing, solving, and displaying results. Section 6 presents operations associated with event trees, including rule application for event tree linking, partitioning, and editing sequences. Section 7 presents how accident sequences are generated, solved, quantified, and analyzed. Section 8 discusses the functions available for performing end state analysis. Section 9 explains how to modify data stored in a SAPHIRE database. Section 10 illustrates how to generate and customize reports. Section 11 covers SAPHIRE utility options to perform routine functions such as defining constant values, recovering databases, and loading data from external sources. Section 12 provides an overview of GEMs features and capabilities. Finally, Section 13 summarizes SAPHIREs quality assurance process.

C. L. Smith

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

E-Print Network 3.0 - achieve reliable information Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

reliable information Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: achieve reliable information Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 On the Reliability of...

436

Reliability-based characterization of prefabricated FRP composites for rehabilitation of concrete structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or nonnormal distributions; the reliability index ? dependsOF DISTRIBUTION FITTING ROUTINE %Calculation of ReliabilityDistribution and Distribution Parameters of Resistance Variables Considered for Reliability

Jin, Sung-Jun

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Enhancing Lifetime Reliability Of Chip Multiprocessors Through 3D Resource Sharing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

macroscopic distribution of failures in reliability design.in reliability analysis than the exponential distribution [distributions can be used to provide a methodology for simulating lifetime reliability

Strikos, Nikolaos

438

Arnold Schwarzenegger REAL-TIME GRID RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Lesieutre Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road, MS 90R4000 Berkeley CA Energy Research Program Prepared By: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Consortium for Electric authorization number #036 for $1,600,000. The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is operated under U

439

Arnold Schwarzenegger REAL-TIME GRID RELIABILITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monitoring System (RTDMSTM) Manu Parashar & Jim Dyer Electric Power Group (EPG) RTDMS CA ISO TRAINING SESSION Architecture What the System Operator Will See RTDMS Visualization Architecture Navigation Within RTDMS Generation What Causes Power to Flow on the Grid DC power system - Power flows from a point of high voltage

440

Operating Experience Review of the INL HTE Gas Monitoring System  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the operations of several types of gas monitors in use at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) High Temperature Electrolysis Experiment (HTE) laboratory. The gases monitored at hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and oxygen. The operating time, calibration, and unwanted alarms are described. The calibration session time durations are described. Some simple statistics are given for the reliability of these monitors and the results are compared to operating experiences of other types of monitors.

L. C. Cadwallader; K. G. DeWall

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Self-consistent electro-thermal simulation of AIGaN/GaN HEMTs for reliability prediction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

n this paper, we have developed the first fully-coupled electro-thermo-mechanical simulation of AIGaN/GaN HEMTs to study the reliability of these devices as a function of bias voltage and operating temperature. In addition, ...

Gao, Feng, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

442

Field Operations Program Activities Status Report  

SciTech Connect

The Field Operations Program is an electric vehicle testing and evaluation program sponsored by US Department of Energy and managed by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. The Program's goals are to evaluate electric vehicles in real-world applications and environments, support electric vehicle technology advancement, develop infrastructure elements necessary to support significant electric vehicle use, support increased use of electric vehicles in federal fleets, and increase overall awareness and acceptance of electric vehicles. This report covers Program activities from fiscal year 1997 through mid-fiscal year 1999. The Field Operations Program succeeded the Site Operator Program, which ended in September 1996. Electric vehicle testing conducted by the Program includes baseline performance testing (EV America testing), accelerated reliability (life-cycle) testing, and fleet testing. The baseline performance parameters include accelerations, braking, range, energy efficiency, and charging time. The Program collects accelerated reliability and fleet operations data on electric vehicles operated by the Program's Qualified Vehicle Testing (QVT) partners. The Program's QVT partners have over 3 million miles of electric vehicle operating experience.

J. E. Francfort; D. V. O'Hara; L. A. Slezak

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

The air transportation industry birthplace of reliability-centered maintenance  

SciTech Connect

The 1980s and 1970s provided a timely opportunity for examining and radically changing the process called {open_quotes}preventive maintenance{close_quotes} as it is applied to the aircraft used for scheduled air transportation. The Federal Aviation Administration and four major airlines, United, American, Pan American and Trans World, were the {open_quotes}principals{close_quotes} in that process. While United`s work with the FAA on the Boeing 737 had opened the door a crack, the Boeing 747 presented a major opportunity to radically improve the process for maintenance program design. That program was guided by the results of United`s analyses of failure data from operations of several fleets, each larger than 100 aircraft, and the concurrent experience of American, Pan American and Trans World. That knowledge provided the insights necessary to support an entirely different approach to maintenance program design. As a result, while United`s existing maintenance program required scheduled overhaul of 339 items on each DC-8, it required overhaul of only 8 items on the B-7471 Although the initial thrust of that work focused on components of active systems, there was concurrent work focused on items whose principal function was to carry the loads associated with operations. That program focused on the classification of structurally-significant items and their classification as {open_quotes}safe life{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}damage tolerant{close_quote} to determine what periodic replacements or repeated inspections were required. That work came to the attention of the Department of Defense which supported preparation of the book-length report by F. Stanley Nowlan and Howard F. Heap at United Airlines entitled {open_quote}Reliability-Centered maintenance{close_quotes}.

Matteson, T.D.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Reliability centered maintenance of power transformers and circuit breakers  

SciTech Connect

At the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), we have historically maintained high voltage equipment. Including transformers and power circuit breakers, on a time driven basis. While this has served our needs in the past, newer methods are needed to effectively maintain the power system in future years. Today aging equipment, maintenance backlogs, and budget constraints are a reality. BPA has initiated a research and development project to examine reliability centered maintenance (RCM) as an alternative to time based maintenance on high voltage equipment. Under RCM, the performance of each place of equipment is to be monitored by observing many operating parameters. For example, with circuit breakers we will observe (measure) the trip time, accumulated contact wear using I{sup 2}T, timing of the mechanism, plus several other parameters. Equipment performing below a predetermined level, or equipment having accumulated a large amount of ``usage`` will receive maintenance. The maintenance will restore full performance and preserve an acceptable service life for that piece of equipment. To develop and evaluate RCM concepts, BPA is installing a prototype system at our Alvey Substation on 4 transformers and 25 breakers.

Purucker, S.L.; Goeltz, R.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Hemmelman, K.; Price, R. [Bonneville Power Administration, Van Couver, WA (United States)

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Reliability centered maintenance (RCM) for substations project overview  

SciTech Connect

An EPRI Tailored Collaboration project establishing guidelines and tools for implementing Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) in substations is nearing completion and final results are being presented at this Substation RCM Conference. The ultimate goal of this RCM project is to help utilities slash substation operations and maintenance costs by optimizing equipment maintenance intervals. Preventive maintenance (PM) programs typically have been developed on a component-by-component basis, relying heavily on equipment vendors` maintenance recommendations. RCM is a logical alternative to traditional PM programs. It is intelligent, common sense maintenance that is function-based rather than component-based. First developed by the airline industry in the 1960s and further developed and applied to the nuclear industry by EPRI in the 1980s, RCM ranks the importance of each function of a system, calculates the impact the loss of the function would have on the overall system, and drives the design of appropriate maintenance tasks for each function. The nuclear industry reaped savings of at least 25% by adopting RCM, and one utility that tried this approach for substation maintenance reported savings of 13% in one year.

Lyons, P.F.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

A study of the reliability of Stirling engines for distributed receiver systems  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study was to examine the reliability of existing and improved Stirling engine concepts for dispersed solar dish/electric applications in the 25--50 kW/sub e/ range. Five current kinematic Stirling engine designs have the capability to meet or exceed the 32% system efficiency goal of the DOE Solar Thermal Program. Experience with the Vanguard Solar-Dish/Stirling Engine module demonstrated that the 32% efficiency goal is realistic, but that improved Stirling engine reliability is necessary for successful implementation of dispersed solar power systems. A review of historical Stirling engine data illustrated that the three major reliability issues with kinematic Stirling engines are the piston-rod seals, engine hot parts and power control/drive systems. A specific kinematic engine concept that appears to have the potential for meeting the 50,000-hour operating lifetime requirement of solar power systems has a pressurized crankcase to reduce piston-rod seal problems, an indirectly heated hot-end section using heat pipes to smooth out temperature gradients in the heater tubes, and a variable-angle swashplate for power control. Further development efforts are required to establish reliability and validate performance goals of these engine concepts. 30 refs., 13 figs., 8 tabs.

Holtz, R.E.; Uherka, K.L.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Reliability evaluation for electrical collector systems of wind farm using the section enumeration technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Topology has a significant effect on the reliability performance of an electrical collector system (ECS) of wind farms. Novel indices for the reliability of wind farm ECS are presented based on topological features of wind farm ECS in this paper. The concept of the section for a wind farm ECS is defined. The probability table of multistate capacity (PTMC) for a wind turbine generator (WTG) and the Probability Table of the Number of WTG in Up-state (PTNU) for a section can be created. Based on the PTMC and PTNU PTMC of a wind farm can be established using the state enumeration algorithm and the matrix operations. Therefore the reliability evaluation model considering effects of wind speed and component failures can be built. The proposed model not only considers the multi-failures of ECS components including failures of cable feeder WTG and wind turbine transformer (WTT) but also states of switching devices in failure disconnection and switching processes. Four wind farm ECS topologies i.e. radial topology single-sided ring topology double-sided ring topology and star topology are implemented. Case studies on the reliability evaluation of wind farm ECS are used to verify the feasibility and validity of the proposed technique.

Kaigui Xie; Hejun Yang; Bo Hu; David Yu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

High reliability plastic packaging for microelectronics  

SciTech Connect

Goal was Assembly Test Chips (ATCs) which could be used for evaluating plastic encapsulation technologies. Circuits were demonstrated for measuring Au-Al wirebond and Al metal corrosion failure rates during accelerated temperature and humidity testing. The test circuits on the ATC02.5 chip were very sensitive to extrinsic or processing induced failure rates. Accelerated aging experiments were conducted with unpassivated triple track Al structures on the ATC02.6 chip; the unpassivated tracks were found to be very sensitive to particulate contamination. Some modifications to existing circuitry were suggested. The piezoresistive stress sensing circuitry designed for the ATC04 test chip was found suitable for determining the change in the state of mechanical stress at the die when both initial and final measurements were made near room temperature (RT). Attempt to measure thermal stress between RT and a typical polymer glass transition temperature failed because of excessive die resistor- substrate leakage currents at the high temperature end; suitable circuitry changes were developed to overcome this problem. One temperature and humidity experiment was conducted with Sandia developed static radom access memory parts to examine non-corrosion CMOS failures; this objective was not achieved, but corrosion failure at the metal to Si contacts on the die surface could be detected. This 2-year effort resulted in new designs for test circuits which could be used on an advanced ATC for reliability assessment in Defense Programs electronics development projects.

Sweet, J.N.; Peterson, D.W.; Hsia, A.H.; Tuck, M.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Formal Specification of Operating System Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formal Specification of Operating System Operations Dan Zhou Department of Computer Science.black@nist.gov This paper describes the development of a formal specification for a secure operating system architecture operations. We also provide a uniform environment for system commands that change the security state

Black, Paul E.

450

Optimal reliability-based planning of experiments for POD curves  

SciTech Connect

Optimal planning of crack detection tests is considered. The tests are used to update the information on the reliability of inspection techniques modeled by probability of detection (P.O.D.) curves. It is shown how cost-optimal and reliability-based test plans can be obtained using First Order Reliability Methods in combination with life-cycle cost-optimal inspection and maintenance planning. The methodology is based on preposterior analyses from Bayesian decisions theory. An illustrative example is shown.

Soerensen, J.D. [Univ. of Aalborg (Denmark). Dept. of Building Technology and Structural Engineering; Faber, M.H.; Kroon, I.B. [COWIconsult Consulting Engineers and Planners AS, Lyngby (Denmark). Transportation Div.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

451

Heat flux limiting sleeves  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heat limiting tubular sleeve extending over only a portion of a tube having a generally uniform outside diameter, the sleeve being open on both ends, having one end thereof larger in diameter than the other end thereof and having a wall thickness which decreases in the same direction as the diameter of the sleeve decreases so that the heat transfer through the sleeve and tube is less adjacent the large diameter end of the sleeve than adjacent the other end thereof.

Harris, William G. (Tampa, FL)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Competition and Reliability in North American Electricity Markets...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Blackout 2003: Electric System Working Group Technical Conference - Comments and Recommendations Competition and Reliability in North American Energy Markets: Issue Paper Synopses...

453

Competition and Reliability in North American Energy Markets...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Markets: Issue Paper Synopses Competition and Reliability in North American Energy Markets: Issue Paper Synopses Jack Casazza, Frank Delea, and George Loehr argue that...

454

Improved Usage Model for Web Application Reliability Testing .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Testing the reliability of an application usually requires a good usage model that accurately captures the likely sequences of inputs that the application will receive (more)

Wan, Bo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

2014 Transmission Reliability Program Peer Review- Day 1 Presentations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Transmission Reliability Program Peer Review included 6 sessions over 2 days on June 3 - 4. Presentations from Day 1 (Sessions I through IV) are available here.

456

2014 Transmission Reliability Program Peer Review- Day 2 Presentations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Transmission Reliability Program Peer Review included 6 sessions over 2 days on June 3 - 4, 2014. Presentations from Day 2 (Sessions V and VI) are available here.

457

NREL Study of Fielded PV Systems Demonstrates PV Reliability...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

modules and systems has decreased sig- nificantly. However, NREL's analysis of Section 1603 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Tax Act of field performance, reliability,...

458

Reliability Models for Facility Location: The Expected Failure Cost ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliability Models for Facility Location: The Expected Failure Cost Case. Lawrence V. Snyder (larry.snyder ***at*** lehigh.edu) Mark S. Daskin (m-daskin *

Lawrence V. Snyder

459

Thermal Stress and Reliability for Advanced Power Electronics...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermal Stress and Reliability for Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Machines Power Electronic Thermal System Performance and Integration Thermal Performance and...

460

Combined Heat and Power System Enables 100% Reliability at Leading...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

buildings on nearly 1,000 acres. Photo courtesy of Thermal Energy Corporation Combined Heat and Power System Enables 100% Reliability at Leading Medical Campus Recovery Act...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Forward Capacity Markets: Maintaining Grid Reliability in Europe.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The liberalization process of the electricity industry in many countries leads to new rules and new challenges for the grid management. System reliability is (more)

Chaigneau, Matthieu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Energy Department Invests Over $10 Million to Improve Grid Reliability...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

day-to-day grid reliability. "Through advanced sensors and monitoring devices, U.S. utilities now have unprecedented insight into the power grid - helping industry make decisions...

463

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Community Guidelines for Energy Emergencies Community Guidelines for Energy Emergencies Read more Smart Grid Investments...

464

Office of Electricity Delivery And Energy Reliability To Hold...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Electricity Delivery And Energy Reliability To Hold Technical Conference On The Design Of Future Electric Transmission Office of Electricity Delivery And Energy...

465

"Increasing Solar Panel Efficiency And Reliability By Evaporative...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increasing Solar Panel Efficiency And Reliability By Evaporative Cooling" Inventors..--.. Lewis Meixler, Charles Gentile, Patricia Hillyer, Dylan Carpe, Jason Wang, Caroline Brooks...

466

Proposed EPA Rules Will Cut Carbon Pollution While Maintaining Reliability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Energy Department is committed to supporting successful implementation of EPAs Clean Power Plan while maintaining electric grid reliability.

467

Energy Efficiency and Reliability Tradeoff in Optical Core Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We assess the highest allowable reliability performance degradation of active components caused by applying energy-efficient mechanisms. EDFAs are identified as the most critical...

Wiatr, Pawel; Chen, Jiajia; Monti, Paolo; Wosinska, Lena

468

Designing shipboard electrical distribution systems for optimal reliability.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Analysis was performed to quantify and compare the reliability of several different notional shipboard DC distribution system topologies in serving their equipment loads. Further, the (more)

Stevens, McKay Benjamin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Challenges in the reliability and maintainability data collection for offshore wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind energy is abundantly available both onshore and offshore. As a response to the present climate crisis focus on wind energy is increasing due to its renewable and environmentally friendly characteristics. Due to social and political reasons the trend has been shifted largely from onshore to offshore wind farms. Offshore wind energy production faces a wide range of new challenges in design, development, manufacturing, installation, and maintenance and operation. The need, objectives, method, benefits, and application of a proposed reliability and maintainability database are identified in this paper. In the offshore oil and gas industry the OREDA concept for data collection has been running for more than 25 years. Therefore it will be briefly described what is considered to be the state of the art in this industry when it comes to data collection. Potential challenges and issues pertaining to the reliability and maintainability data collection of offshore wind turbines are outlined and categorized. The architecture of the proposed database is illustrated. The main building blocks of the database are briefly described and their possible effects on the reliability and maintainability of offshore wind turbines are highlighted. It is expected that the realization of the proposed database will open a new vista of knowledge in understanding the real behavior of offshore wind turbines in the marine environment. Another expectation is the benefits it will bring to the technological areas ranging from design to operation.

Z. Hameed; J. Vatn; J. Heggset

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Reliability study of Stirling engines for solar dish/heat engine systems  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study was to examine the reliability of existing and improved Stirling engine concepts for dispersed solar dish-electric applications in the 25-50 kWe range. Five current kinematic Stirling engine designs have the capability to meet or exceed the 32% efficiency goal of the DOE Solar Thermal Program. A review of historical Stirling engine data illustrated that the three major reliability issues with kinematic Stirling engines are the piston-rod seals, engine hot parts (i.e., heater head, regenerator and cylinders) and power control/drive system. The most significant reliability issue associated with achieving the 50,000 hour operating life goal involves piston-rod seals. A specific kinematic engine concept that appears to have the potential for meeting the 50,000 hour operating lifetime requirement of solar power systems is the STM4-120 engine. This engine has a pressurized crankcase to reduce piston-rod seal problems, an indirect heat pipe hot-end section to smooth out temperature gradients in the heater tubes, and a variable angle swashplate for power control.

Holtz, R.E.; Uherka, K.L.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

(sanitary) landfill operator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(sanitary) landfill operator, Mllkippenbetreiber m, Mlldeponiebetreiber, Kippenbetreiber, Deponiebetreiber

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Nondestructive Examination (NDE) Reliability for Inservice Inspection of Light Water Reactors. Volume 14, Semiannual report, April 1991--September 1991  

SciTech Connect

The Evaluation and Improvement of NDE Reliability for Inservice Inspection of Light Water Reactors (NDE Reliability) Program at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory was established by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to determine the reliability of current inservice inspection (ISI) techniques and to develop recommendations that will ensure a suitably high inspection reliability. The objectives of this program include determining the reliability of ISI performed on the primary systems of commercial light-water reactors (LWR`s); using probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis to determine the impact of NDE unreliability on system safety; and evaluating reliability improvements that can be achieved with improved and advanced technology. A final objective is to formulate recommended revisions to the Regulatory and ASME Code requirements, based on material properties, service conditions, and NDE uncertainties. The program scope is limited to ISI of the primary systems including the piping, vessel, and other components inspected in accordance with Section XI of the ASME Code. This is a progress report covering the programmatic work from April 1991 through September 1991.

Doctor, S.R.; Diaz, A.A.; Friley, J.R.; Good, M.S.; Greenwood, M.S.; Heasler, P.G.; Hockey, R.L.; Kurtz, R.J.; Simonen, F.A.; Spanner, J.C.; Taylor, T.T.; Vo, T.V. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Nondestructive Examination (NDE) Reliability for Inservice Inspection of Light Water Reactors. Volume 15, Semiannual report: October 1991--March 1992  

SciTech Connect

The Evaluation and Improvement of NDE Reliability for Inservice Inspection of Light Water Reactors (NDE Reliability) Program at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory was established by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to determine the reliability of current inservice inspection (ISI) techniques and to develop recommendations that will ensure a suitably high inspection reliability. The objectives of this program include determining the reliability of ISI performed on the primary systems of commercial light-water reactors (LWRs); using probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis to determine the impact of NDE unreliability on system safety; and evaluating reliability improvements that can be achieved with improved and advanced technology. A final objective is to formulate recommended revisions to ASME Code and Regulatory requirements, based on material properties, service conditions, and NDE uncertainties. The program scope is limited to ISI of the primary systems including the piping, vessel, and other components inspected in accordance with Section XI of the ASME Code. This is a progress report covering the programmatic work from October 1991 through March 1992.

Doctor, S.R.; Diaz, A.A.; Friley, J.R. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Nondestructive Examination (NDE) Reliability for Inservice Inspection of Light Water Reactors. Semiannual report, April 1992--September 1992: Volume 16  

SciTech Connect

The Evaluation and Improvement of NDE Reliability for Inservice inspection of Light Water Reactors (NDE Reliability) Program at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory was established by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to determine the reliability of current inservice inspection (ISI) techniques and to develop recommendations that will ensure a suitably high inspection reliability. The objectives of this program include determining the reliability of ISI performed on the primary systems of commercial light-water reactors (LWRs);using probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis to determine the impact of NDE unreliability on system safety; and evaluating reliability improvements that can be achieved with improved and advanced technology. A final objective is to formulate recommended revisions to the Regulatory and ASME Code requirements, based on material properties, service conditions, and NDE uncertainties. The program scope is limited to ISI of the primary systems including the piping, vessel and other components inspected in accordance with Section XI of the ASME Code. This is a programs report covering the programmatic work from April 1992 through September 1992.

Doctor, S.R.; Diaz, A.A.; Friley, J.R.; Greenwood, M.S.; Heasler, P.G.; Kurtz, R.J.; Simonen, F.A.; Spanner, J.C.; Vo, T.V. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Exhibit A: ENSR Modeling in Support of Individual Unit Operation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Comments on Department of Energy's Emergency Order To Resume Limited Operation at Mirant's Potomac River Generating Station and Proposed Mirant...

476

Hermitian Young operators  

SciTech Connect

Starting from conventional Young operators, we construct Hermitian operators which project orthogonally onto irreducible representations of the (special) unitary group.

Keppeler, Stefan, E-mail: stefan.keppeler@uni-tuebingen.de [Mathematisches Institut, Universitt Tbingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 10, 72076 Tbingen (Germany)] [Mathematisches Institut, Universitt Tbingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 10, 72076 Tbingen (Germany); Sjdahl, Malin, E-mail: malin.sjodahl@thep.lu.se [Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Lund University, Slvegatan 14A, 22362 Lund (Sweden)] [Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Lund University, Slvegatan 14A, 22362 Lund (Sweden)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

The relationship of language proficiency, general intelligence, and reading achievement with a sample of low performing, limited English proficient students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present study had three purposes. The first was to examine the score reliability of instruments purported to be appropriate in the assessment of students with limited English proficiency (LEP). The second was to investigate the criterion...

Jones, Charlotte Kennedy

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

478

Operations and Maintenance Program Structure | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Operations and Maintenance Program Structure Operations and Maintenance Program Structure Operations and Maintenance Program Structure October 4, 2013 - 5:12pm Addthis The Federal Energy Management Program recommends Federal operations and maintenance (O&M) programs comprise of five distinct functions: operations, maintenance, engineering, training, and administration. This approach is commonly referred to as the OMETA principle. Common roles and responsibilities for each function within the OMETA principle are outlined below. Operations The operations function of the O&M program covers the following responsibilities: Administration: Responsible for ensuring effective implementation and control of O&M activities Conduct of Operations: Responsible for ensuring efficient, safe, and reliable process operations across the O&M program

479

Human Reliability Program Semi-Structure Inteview Component ORISE-04-0116  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 Office of Security U. S. Department of Energy HUMAN RELIABILITY PROGRAM Semi-Structured Interview Component Center for Human Reliability Studies Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education Operated by Oak Ridge Associated Universities For the U. S. Department of Energy Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) is a university consortium leveraging the scientific strength of major research institutions to advance science and education by partnering with national laboratories, government agencies, and private industry. ORAU manages the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) is a DOE facility focusing on scientific initiatives to research health risks from occupational hazards, assess environmental cleanup, respond to radiation medical

480

Access Authorization: Defining Significant Defects in Judgement or Reliability (ORISE 05-0258, 2005)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Security Security U. S. Department of Energy Center for Human Reliability Studies Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education Operated by Oak Ridge Associated Universities for the U. S. Department of Energy Access Authorization: Defining Significant Defects in Judgment or Reliability ORISE 05-0258 Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU) is a university consortium leveraging the scientific strength of major research institutions to advance science and education by partnering with national laboratories, government agencies, and private industry. ORAU manages the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) is a DOE facility focusing on scientific initiatives to research

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reliability operating limit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Reliability of the Solar One plant during the power production phase.  

SciTech Connect

Solar One is the world's largest central receiver power plant. During the last 4 years the plant availability was 80%, 83%, and 96%, respectively, during hours of sunshine. This reliability is considered to be excellent considering the plant is a first-of-a-kind facility and because it has been subjected to daily cyclic service. In this paper we present the frequencies and causes of the plant outages that occurred. The ten most important causes comprised 72% of the total outage time. Qualitative insights related to the cause and mitigation of these ten are provided. The information presented in this paper will be useful to studies aimed at improving the reliability of future solar central receiver power plants. It is also useful to members of the utility industry who are considering investing in this technology or are considering cyclic operation of conventional power plants. 4 refs., 3 figs.

Kolb, Gregory J.; Lopez, Charles W.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Improve Operations & Maintenance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improve Operations & Maintenance Improve Operations & Maintenance Improve Operations & Maintenance Photo of an equipment room in a high-rise commercial office building with red and green equipment. Every building's energy consumption can benefit from rigorous operations and maintenance (O&M) practices. Properly planned and executed O&M is one of the most cost-effective strategies for ensuring equipment longevity, reliability, safety, and energy efficiency in commercial buildings. By one estimate, O&M measures cost about 20 times less and achieve roughly the same energy savings as energy efficiency upgrades. There are various opportunities to improve efficiency through O&M that can be discovered through efforts such as engaging tenants, training building staff, and

483

UNCORRECTED Reliability analysis of hybrid ceramic/steel gun barrels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UNCORRECTED PROOF Reliability analysis of hybrid ceramic/steel gun barrels M. GRUJICIC1 , J. R-5069, USA Received in final form 25 February 2002 AB ST R AC T Failure of the ceramic gun-barrel lining probability for the lining is also discussed. Keywords failure; gun-barrel lining; reliability; thermo

Grujicic, Mica

484

A model and framework for reliable build systems Derrick Coetzee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model and framework for reliable build systems Derrick Coetzee Anand Bhaskar George Necula, requires prior specific permission. #12;A model and framework for reliable build systems Derrick Coetzee- distributed, incremental, parallel build systems. We de- fine a general model for resources accessed by build

Necula, George

485

Reliability: The Other Dimension of Quality William Q. Meeker  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the relationship between engineering quality and reliability and outline the role of statistics and statisticiansReliability: The Other Dimension of Quality William Q. Meeker Department of Statistics Iowa State in the use of statistical methods for product quality. Tools for process monitoring and, particularly

486

Low cost highly reliable telemetry module for space applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we demonstrate a low cost highly reliable telemetry module design suitable for low orbit satellites based on commercial or industrial components. The proposed telemetry module configuration employs on shelf components to achieve 3 Kg weight, ... Keywords: highly reliable design, low orbit satellite, space application, telemetry module

Aladin S. Abdelaziz; Ahmed M. Mahmoud

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Architecture-driven reliability optimization with uncertain model parameters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is currently considered good software engineering practice to decide between design alternatives based on quantitative architecture evaluations for different quality attributes, such as reliability and performance. However, the results of these quantitative ... Keywords: Architecture optimization, Monte-Carlo simulation, Parameter uncertainty, Probabilistic quality prediction, Reliability

Indika Meedeniya; Aldeida Aleti; Lars Grunske

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Separating myths from reality in PV inverter reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

requires electrolytics #12;Reliability predictor models · MIL-HDBK 217F ­ Last updated in 1995 ­ Does the reliability claims of microinverters dubious. #12;Does what affects string inverters affect microinverters? · In 2006 NCI was commissioned to determine feasibility of DOE goal of $0.25/Watt for inverters by 2020

Rollins, Andrew M.

489

An approach for lifetime reliability analysis using theorem proving  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently proposed formal reliability analysis techniques have overcome the inaccuracies of traditional simulation based techniques but can only handle problems involving discrete random variables. In this paper, we extend the capabilities of existing ... Keywords: Failure rate, Formal methods, Fractile function, HOL, Hazard function, Lifetime analysis, Random variables, Reliability analysis, Statistical properties, Theorem proving

Naeem Abbasi; Osman Hasan; Sofine Tahar

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

GPGPUs: How to Combine High Computational Power with High Reliability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

recent results derived from radiation experiments about the reliability of GPGPUs. Third, it describes of applications running on GPGPUs. Keywords--GPGPUs, reliability, HPC, fault injection, radiation experiments I in mobile computing and in some embedded system applications. In the latter case safety is sometimes a key

Gurumurthi, Sudhanva

491

System Reliability Model for Solid-State Lighting Luminaires  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This project is developing and validating a probabilistic reliability prediction tool, and accelerated life testing methodologies, to help lighting manufacturers and stakeholders answer two questions: (1) How can the promised reliability for a rapidly changing technology platform be ensured?, and (2) What will the usage and maintenance profiles be for a product that lasts 15 years?

492

A reliability assessment methodology for distribution systems with distributed generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generation and Micro-Grid Networks. v TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER Page I INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 A. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 B. Distribution System Reliability... Generation and Micro-Grid Networks. v TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER Page I INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 A. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 B. Distribution System Reliability...

Duttagupta, Suchismita Sujaya

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

493

Assessing the reliability of linear dynamic transformer thermal modelling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessing the reliability of linear dynamic transformer thermal modelling X. Mao, D.J. Tylavsky and G.A. McCulla Abstract: Improving the utilisation of transformers requires that the hot-spot and top. An alternative method for assessing transformer model reliability is provided. 1 Introduction The maximally

494

Development of a Successful Program in Reliability and Maintainability Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ Video or audio clips #12;Graduate Programs in Reliability Maintenance and EngineeringDevelopment of a Successful Program in Reliability and Maintainability Engineering Dr. Wes Hines Head, Nuclear Engineering College of Engineering The University of Tennessee jhines2@utk.edu UMD

Bernstein, Joseph B.

495

A summary of North American HVDC converter station reliability specifications  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes Reliability, Availability, and Maintainability (RAM) specifications that were issued for thyristor based HVDC converter stations in service in North America. A total of twenty project specifications are summarized. A detailed summary by project is shown with specific quantitative requirements categorized. Definitions of terms, representative design principles, and formulas used in calculating RAM parameters contained in existing reliability specifications are presented.

Vancers, I. (ABB Power Systems Inc., Los Angeles, CA (United States)); Hormozi, F.J. (Los Angeles Dept. of Water and Power, CA (United States))

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Reliability analysis of safety grade decay heat removal system of Indian prototype fast breeder reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 500MW Indian pool type Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR), is provided with two independent and diverse Decay Heat Removal (DHR) systems viz., Operating Grade Decay Heat Removal System (OGDHRS) and Safety Grade Decay Heat Removal System (SGDHRS). OGDHRS utilizes the secondary sodium loops and SteamWater System with special decay heat removal condensers for DHR function. The unreliability of this system is of the order of 0.10.01. The safety requirements of the present generation of fast reactors are very high, and specifically for DHR function the failure frequency should be less than ?1E-7/ry. Therefore, a passive SGDHR system using four completely independent thermo-siphon loops in natural convection mode is provided to ensure adequate core cooling for all Design Basis Events. The very high reliability requirement for DHR function is achieved mainly with the help of SGDHRS. This paper presents the reliability analysis of SGDHR system. Analysis is performed by Fault Tree method using CRAFT software developed at Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research. This software has special features for compact representation and CCF analysis of high redundancy safety systems encountered in nuclear reactors. Common Cause Failures (CCF) are evaluated by ? factor method. The reliability target for SGDHRS arrived from DHR reliability requirement and the ultimate number of demands per year (7/y) on SGDHRS is that the failure frequency should be ?1.4E-8/de. Since it is found from the analysis that the unreliability of SGDHRS with identical loops is 5.2E-6/de and dominated by leak rates of components like AHX, DHX and sodium dump and isolation valves, options with diversity measures in important components were studied. The failure probability of SGDHRS for a design consisting of 2 types of diverse loops (Diverse AHX, DHX and sodium dump and isolation valves) is 2.1E-8/de, which practically meets the reliability requirement.

A. John Arul; C. Senthil Kumar; S. Athmalingam; Om Pal Singh; K. Suryaprakasa Rao

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

The development of a high reliability auxiliary power system for a coal-fired cycling generating station  

SciTech Connect

An auxiliary system for a fossil generating station is evolved based on operating and reliability criteria including the capabilities of switchgear and standard auxiliary transformer impedances. These criteria are used to design a flexible and reliable auxiliary power system for a cyclic duty power generating station. The effect of mechanical equipment selection on the auxiliary power system design is discussed. An economic comparison of single voltage versus dual-voltage is made. A one-line diagram of the resulting proposed system is included.

Jackowski, M.; Bailey, M.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

2013 Reliability & Markets Peer Review - Day 1 Presentations | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2013 Reliability & Markets Peer Review - Day 1 Presentations 2013 Reliability & Markets Peer Review - Day 1 Presentations 2013 Reliability & Markets Peer Review - Day 1 Presentations The Transmission Reliability R&D Reliability & Markets Peer Review included 6 sessions over 2 days on August 6 - 7, 2013. Presentations from Day 1 (Sessions I through IV) are available below. Session I: Ben Hobbs (Johns Hopkins), Kameshwar Poolla (UC Berkeley) Session II: Ray Zimmerman (Cornell), Hsiao-Dong Chiang (Cornell) Session III: Shmuel Oren (UC Berkeley), Dan Tylavsky (U Arizona), Tom Overbye (U Illinois) Session IV: Lindsay Anderson (Cornell), HyungSeon Oh (Cornell) 2013 R&M Peer Review - Assessing Transmission Investments Under Uncertainty - Ben Hobbs, Johns Hopkins 2013 R&M Peer Review - Coordinated Aggregation of Distributed Energy

499

Office of Electricity Delivery &amp; Energy Reliability Contributors |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability » Office of Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability » Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Contributors Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Contributors June 20, 2012 David Ortiz, OE-40 David Ortiz is Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Infrastructure Modeling and Analysis (EIMA) in the Department of Energy's Office of Electrici April 25, 2013 Eric Lightner June 22, 2011 Henry S. Kenchington, OE-50 Mr. Henry (Hank) Kenchington is Deputy Assistant Secretary (DAS) for the Advanced Grid Integration Division in the Department of Energy's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. He is responsible for the strategic management of the $3.4 billion Smart Grid Investment Grant program funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 to

500

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Performance and Reliability R&D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Research Search More Search Options Site Map Photo of Photovoltaic Solar Panels. The focus of Photovoltaic (PV) Reliability Research and Development (R&D) at NREL is to improve PV technologies. Modules and systems are tested for long-term performance and stressed in the field and with accelerated testing equipment, all to find R&D solutions to improve PV reliability. Learn about working with us. Help us improve PV systems by providing data in our PV Module Field Failure Database. PV Reliability R&D focuses on three primary areas: Real-time reliability R&D Long-term performance, reliability, and failures of PV components and systems are studied at NREL and through collaborations elsewhere. Analysis is performed to quantify long-term degradation, and