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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

The interim REDD + Partnership: Boost for biodiversity safeguards?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite the unsatisfactory progress under the UNFCCC, the REDD + debate has raised hopes for successfully tackling the unsustainable use of forests in developing countries. However, its approach of focusing on the sequestration capacity of forests is potentially at odds with other environmental objectives. In order to cope with the risk of unintended impacts on biodiversity, the UNFCCC agreed on environmental safeguards that have yet to be specified and implemented through national REDD + strategies. Employing theoretical considerations regarding non-binding institutions and transparency, we investigate whether and how the voluntary setting of the REDD + Partnership can support the development of effective environmental safeguards. The analysis shows that the Partnership, despite its non-binding features, represents a promising complementary policy approach to the UNFCCC. Consisting of public and private actors it has laid the foundation for a more comprehensive view on REDD + by focusing on information exchange on practical implementation issues, e.g. on the specification of the safeguards agreed under the UNFCCC. If efforts to ensure accountability through transparency and stakeholder inclusiveness can be further improved, the setting may significantly contribute to establishing horizontal accountability, and hence, trigger a ‘race to the top’ on environmental standards.

Till Pistorius; Sabine Reinecke

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The multiplicity of threats and vulnerabilities associated with AmI will require a multiplicity of safeguards to respond to the risks and problems ... their applications. In some instances, a single safeguard mig...

Pasi Ahonen; Petteri Alahuhta…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

safeguards  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

%2A en NGSI Safeguards by Design http:nnsa.energy.govaboutusourprogramsdnnnissafeguardssbd

4

INDUSTRIAL CONTROL SYSTEM CYBER SECURITY: QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS RELEVANT TO NUCLEAR FACILITIES, SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Typical questions surrounding industrial control system (ICS) cyber security always lead back to: What could a cyber attack do to my system(s) and; how much should I worry about it? These two leading questions represent only a fraction of questions asked when discussing cyber security as it applies to any program, company, business, or organization. The intent of this paper is to open a dialog of important pertinent questions and answers that managers of nuclear facilities engaged in nuclear facility security and safeguards should examine, i.e., what questions should be asked; and how do the answers affect an organization's ability to effectively safeguard and secure nuclear material. When a cyber intrusion is reported, what does that mean? Can an intrusion be detected or go un-noticed? Are nuclear security or safeguards systems potentially vulnerable? What about the digital systems employed in process monitoring, and international safeguards? Organizations expend considerable efforts to ensure that their facilities can maintain continuity of operations against physical threats. However, cyber threats particularly on ICSs may not be well known or understood, and often do not receive adequate attention. With the disclosure of the Stuxnet virus that has recently attacked nuclear infrastructure, many organizations have recognized the need for an urgent interest in cyber attacks and defenses against them. Several questions arise including discussions about the insider threat, adequate cyber protections, program readiness, encryption, and many more. These questions, among others, are discussed so as to raise the awareness and shed light on ways to protect nuclear facilities and materials against such attacks.

Robert S. Anderson; Mark Schanfein; Trond Bjornard; Paul Moskowitz

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Biodiversity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In tropical forests, on coral reefs, and in other threatened habitats, countless plant, animal, and microbial species face possible extinction - their names unknown, their numbers uncounted, their value unreckoned. Although popular attention has focused on the plight of more visible and widely known species like the whooping crane or the African elephant, most-experts agree that the loss of less-obvious organisms could be much more devastating. This is the subject of the volume. It calls attention to a most urgent global problem: the rapidly accelerating loss of plant and animal species to increasing human-population pressure and the demands of economic development. The book explores biodiversity from a wide variety of viewpoints.

Wilson, E.O.; Peter, F.M.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Safeguards Culture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concepts of nuclear safety and security culture are well established; however, a common understanding of safeguards culture is not internationally recognized. Supported by the National Nuclear Security Administration, the authors prepared this report, an analysis of the concept of safeguards culture, and gauged its value to the safeguards community. The authors explored distinctions between safeguards culture, safeguards compliance, and safeguards performance, and evaluated synergies and differences between safeguards culture and safety/security culture. The report concludes with suggested next steps.

Frazar, Sarah L.; Mladineo, Stephen V.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Procedural Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Procedural Safeguards are protections afforded by the Individuals with...2004...(IDEIA) to each student with a disability and to his or her parents to ensure that the student receives a free and appropriate publi...

Debra Dunn Esq.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

The Agreement on Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The term “safeguard” or “safeguard measure” refers to trade measures that are ... of the GATT and the WTO Agreement on Safeguards (hereinafter referred to as “the Safeguards Agreement” or “SA”) authorizes Members...

Yong-Shik Lee Ph.D.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Role of planners and public participation in planning for biodiversity.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The European Union (EU) is committed to conserving biodiversity, both in terms of natural and cultural legacies, and also to limiting biodiversity loss. Relevant policies… (more)

Blicharska, Malgorzata

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Safeguards and Investigations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We characterize the optimal safeguard policy for a small country under two types of safeguard mechanisms: one in which tariff changes are ... private information regarding income of producers. The safeguards we c...

Mostafa Beshkar; Eric W. Bond

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

IDEAReauthorized Statute PROCEDURAL SAFEGUARDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IDEA­Reauthorized Statute PROCEDURAL SAFEGUARDS: SURROGATES, NOTICE AND CONSENT (See also Changes addresses only the changes to IDEA provisions regarding procedural safeguards related to notice to parents the provision of procedural safeguards notices to parents. A copy of the procedural safeguards available

12

Safeguards Culture: Lessons Learned  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Today, safeguards culture can be a useful tool for measuring nonproliferation postures, but so far its impact on the international safeguards regime has been underappreciated. There is no agreed upon definition for safeguards culture nor agreement on how it should be measured. This paper argues that safeguards culture as an indicator of a country’s nonproliferation posture can be a useful tool.

Frazar, Sarah L.; Mladineo, Stephen V.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Biodiversity Concepts and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiversity Concepts and Measures Dr. Stacy Philpott Conservation Biology EEES 4750/5750/7750 #12;Biodiversity · What is biodiversity? · How much biodiversity is there? · Where is biodiversity found? · How do we measure biodiversity? · How do we collect and analyze biodiversity data? #12;Biodiversity · What

Gottgens, Hans

14

Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Policy 1. WHAT IS SAFEGUARDING?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Policy 1. WHAT IS SAFEGUARDING? 1.1Safeguarding is defined by the Children Act 1989 and Joint Chief Inspectors Report on Arrangements to Safeguard Children (2002) as meaning with other local agencies'. 2. WHO ARE WE SAFEGUARDING? 2.1 Safeguarding practices are most commonly applied

Aickelin, Uwe

15

Safeguards Laboratory (SL) | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Safeguards Laboratory Safeguards Laboratory May 30, 2013 The Safeguards Laboratory is a Department of Energy user facility equipped with a comprehensive set of field-deployable instrumentation for safeguards system development and personnel training. Mock-ups using industrial equipment and reference nuclear materials simulate real-world conditions for training, testing, and evaluations. The lab's openness and availability to the private sector enable development of new technologies that combat the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Applications Training and International Outreach Nondestructive Analysis Measurements Instrument Evaluations Integrated Safeguards Methodologies Measurement Technique Development Specifications Gamma and X-ray detection systems Handheld survey instruments

16

Safeguards and Security Systems | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Safeguards and Security Systems SHARE Safeguards and Security Systems Safeguards training class. ORNL is a leader in providing technologies and services for the global safeguards...

17

Safeguards Implementation: Establishment of Indonesian Safeguards Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the International Nuclear Safeguards and Engagement Program (INSEP), U.S. National Laboratories support the Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to ''collaborate with international partners to strengthen international safeguards at all stages of nuclear development.'' This engagement in safeguards implementation cooperation is the basis for the security and safeguards arrangement with the Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency of the Republic of Indonesia (BAPETEN) and includes strengthening of the State System of Accounting for and Control of Nuclear Material (SSAC). There are many components in a robust SSAC. While INSEP carries on its program in a holistic approach, it is more effective and efficient to address individual components, rather than the entire system at one time, with the objective of strengthening the system as a whole. Nuclear material accountancy is one of these components. Nuclear material accountancy necessitates that a State periodically take an inventory of its material and record changes. To better perform these activities, BAPETEN requested assistance with establishing a safeguards laboratory where its staff could perform independent material characterization, maintain nondestructive assay equipment, and facilitate hands-on training of BAPETEN safeguards inspectors. In compliance with International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) guidelines and safety series documents, INSEP and BAPETEN opened the BAPETEN Safeguards Laboratory in February 2010 to provide these competencies. BAPETEN showcased these new capabilities in July 2010 at the IAEA-sponsored Regional Workshop on Nuclear Material Accounting and Control at Facilities where hands-on activities were held at BAPETEN's Headquarters in Jakarta using the equipment supplied by INSEP. Discussions have begun on the establishment of a security and safeguards laboratory at the BAPETEN Training Center located in Cisarua. This paper describes the many steps involved with the Safeguards Laboratory Implementation Plan from its drafting in August 2007 to the completion of the laboratory in February 2010.

Shipwash, Jacqueline L [ORNL] [ORNL; Geist, William H. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Smith, Steven E [ORNL] [ORNL; Solodov, Alexander A [ORNL] [ORNL; Suharyanta, Suharyanta [ORNL] [ORNL; Sunaryadi, Dedi [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Social Safeguards for REDD+ in Mexico’s Watershed Management Program.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Case studies on environmental governance are essential to improve comprehension on howto implement international agreements. This study focuses on seven social safeguards relevant toREDD+.… (more)

Garduño Diaz, Philippe Youssef

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Safeguards over sensitive technology  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Safeguards Over Sensitive Technology Safeguards Over Sensitive Technology DOE/IG-0635 January 2004 Program Results and Cost Details of Finding ....................................................................... 1 Recommendations and Comments ........................................... 6 Appendices Prior Reports .............................................................................. 9 Objective, Scope, and Methodology ........................................ 11 Management Comments .......................................................... 12 SAFEGUARDS OVER SENSITIVE TECHNOLOGY TABLE OF CONTENTS Page 1 Background Aspects of sensitive technology protection, along with related impacts on national security, have been addressed in various formats by the Department of Energy and several other Federal agencies. For example:

20

Building safeguards infrastructure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Much has been written in recent years about the nuclear renaissance - the rebirth of nuclear power as a clean and safe source of electricity around the world. Those who question the nuclear renaissance often cite the risk of proliferation, accidents or an attack on a facility as concerns, all of which merit serious consideration. The integration of these three areas - sometimes referred to as 3S, for safety, security and safeguards - is essential to supporting the growth of nuclear power, and the infrastructure that supports them should be strengthened. The focus of this paper will be on the role safeguards plays in the 3S concept and how to support the development of the infrastructure necessary to support safeguards. The objective of this paper has been to provide a working definition of safeguards infrastructure, and to discuss xamples of how building safeguards infrastructure is presented in several models. The guidelines outlined in the milestones document provide a clear path for establishing both the safeguards and the related infrastructures needed to support the development of nuclear power. The model employed by the INSEP program of engaging with partner states on safeguards-related topics that are of current interest to the level of nuclear development in that state provides another way of approaching the concept of building safeguards infrastructure. The Next Generation Safeguards Initiative is yet another approach that underscored five principal areas for growth, and the United States commitment to working with partners to promote this growth both at home and abroad.

Stevens, Rebecca S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mcclelland - Kerr, John [NNSA/NA-242

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Advance Care Planning Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regardless of which goals of advance care planning are featured, safeguards, as reviewed in my article and by...5 we inadvertently may be doing harm.

J. Andrew Billings MD

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Physical and Environmental Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Your job will not be to adhere to rigid standards, but to interpret the requirements to safeguard patient data in each unique situation. Use...

Bernard Peter Robichau

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

safeguards and security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

0%2A en NGSI Safeguards by Design http:nnsa.energy.govaboutusourprogramsdnnnissafeguardssbd

24

Nuclear Safeguards and Security Challenge:  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nuclear Safeguards and Security Nuclear Safeguards and Security Challenge: The international safeguards and security system is being challenged by evolving proliferation and terrorism threats, expanding International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) responsibilities, a retiring safeguards workforce, and the need for better technologies to detect and deter proliferation, theft, and sabotage. Response: Revitalize, strengthen, and sustain U.S. and international safeguards and security capabilities through the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) and International Nuclear Security programs that: * Support the development of safeguards and security policies, concepts and approaches * Develop human capital through training and education * Develop and implement new safeguards systems,

25

Nuclear Safeguards Verification Measurement Techniques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter deals with the “nuclear safeguards” verification system and describes procedures and measurement methods that allow the safeguards inspectorates/authorities...

M. Zendel; D. L. Donohue; E. Kuhn; S. Deron; T. Bíró

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Safeguards Professional Development Opportunities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Across the international field of safeguards there has been a rising awareness of the need for development of the next generation of safeguards professionals. The 2010 International Atomic Energy Agency Safeguards Symposium includes a suggested topic of 'developing safeguards professionals.' This can first be addressed by making university students and young professionals aware of safeguards and the unique career opportunities it encompasses. Then, once someone decides to go into safeguards he/she needs to be offered professional development opportunities in order to become a more effective member of the international safeguards community. This paper begins to do that by reviewing opportunities currently available. There are not many opportunities that are well advertised and this paper will serve to raise awareness of what does already exist and therefore benefit the international safeguards community. The current opportunities that will be discussed include training programs, graduate degrees, organizational outreach, professional networks, and intensive topic specific programs. The paper will also identify current needs and holes in the current offerings of professional development opportunities and suggest ways they can be filled. In the conclusion the paper addresses what types of programs are still needed.

Gilligan, Kimberly V [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Designing and Operating for Safeguards: Lessons Learned From the Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant (RRP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper will address the lessons learned during the implementation of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards at the Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant (RRP) which are relevant to the issue of ‘safeguards by design’. However, those lessons are a result of a cumulative history of international safeguards experiences starting with the West Valley reprocessing plant in 1969, continuing with the Barnwell plant, and then with the implementation of international safeguards at WAK in Germany and TRP in Japan. The design and implementation of safeguards at RRP in Japan is the latest and most challenging that the IAEA has faced. This paper will discuss the work leading up to the development of a safeguards approach, the design and operating features that were introduced to improve or aid in implementing the safeguards approach, and the resulting recommendations for future facilities. It will provide an overview of how ‘safeguardability’ was introduced into RRP.

Johnson, Shirley J.; Ehinger, Michael

2010-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

28

BIODIVERSITY Incorporating sociocultural adaptive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIODIVERSITY VIEWPOINT Incorporating sociocultural adaptive capacity in conservation hotspot of biodiversity threats. Conservation biogeography (Whittaker et al., 2005) has emerged as a critical area biodiversity (Mawdsley et al., 2009). Adjusting conservation strategies to maintain diversity in recognition

29

Safeguards Guidance Document for Designers of Commercial Nuclear Facilities: International Nuclear Safeguards Requirements and Practices For Uranium Enrichment Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the second in a series of guidelines on international safeguards requirements and practices, prepared expressly for the designers of nuclear facilities. The first document in this series is the description of generic international nuclear safeguards requirements pertaining to all types of facilities. These requirements should be understood and considered at the earliest stages of facility design as part of a new process called “Safeguards-by-Design.” This will help eliminate the costly retrofit of facilities that has occurred in the past to accommodate nuclear safeguards verification activities. The following summarizes the requirements for international nuclear safeguards implementation at enrichment plants, prepared under the Safeguards by Design project, and funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of NA-243. The purpose of this is to provide designers of nuclear facilities around the world with a simplified set of design requirements and the most common practices for meeting them. The foundation for these requirements is the international safeguards agreement between the country and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), pursuant to the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). Relevant safeguards requirements are also cited from the Safeguards Criteria for inspecting enrichment plants, found in the IAEA Safeguards Manual, Part SMC-8. IAEA definitions and terms are based on the IAEA Safeguards Glossary, published in 2002. The most current specification for safeguards measurement accuracy is found in the IAEA document STR-327, “International Target Values 2000 for Measurement Uncertainties in Safeguarding Nuclear Materials,” published in 2001. For this guide to be easier for the designer to use, the requirements have been restated in plainer language per expert interpretation using the source documents noted. The safeguards agreement is fundamentally a legal document. As such, it is written in a legalese that is understood by specialists in international law and treaties, but not by most outside of this field, including designers of nuclear facilities. For this reason, many of the requirements have been simplified and restated. However, in all cases, the relevant source document and passage is noted so that readers may trace the requirement to the source. This is a helpful living guide, since some of these requirements are subject to revision over time. More importantly, the practices by which the requirements are met are continuously modernized by the IAEA and nuclear facility operators to improve not only the effectiveness of international nuclear safeguards, but also the efficiency. As these improvements are made, the following guidelines should be updated and revised accordingly.

Robert Bean; Casey Durst

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Integrated safeguards and security management plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL/PUB-3151 INTEGRATED SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY MANAGEMENT76SF00098 iv • Integrated Safeguards and Security Managementprovided. Appendix A. Safeguards and Security Plan http://

Bowen editor, Sue

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Safeguards and Security Program - DOE Directives, Delegations...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

70.1A, Safeguards and Security Program by jcowden Functional areas: Safeguards, Security, and Emergency Management, Safety and Security The Safeguards and Security Program ensures...

32

Safeguards and Security Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The order establishes responsibilities and program planning and management requirements for the Safeguards and Security Program. Admin Chg 1, dated 2-15-13, cancels DOE O 470.4B.

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

33

Safeguards and Security Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Order establishes roles and responsibilities for the Department of Energy Safeguards and Security Program. Cancels DOE O 470.4. Canceled by DOE O 470.4B

2007-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

34

Safeguards and Security Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish the policy and responsibilities for the Department of Energy safeguards and security program. Does not cancel another directive. Canceled by DOE O 5630.11A dated 12-7-92.

1988-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

35

Safeguards-By-Design: Guidance and Tools for Stakeholders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effective implementation of the Safeguards-by-Design (SBD) approach can help meet the challenges of global nuclear energy growth, by designing facilities that have improved safeguardability and reduced safeguards-related life cycle costs. The ultimate goal of SBD is to implement effective and efficient safeguards that reduce the burden to both the facility operator and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Since 2008, the National Nuclear Security Administration's Next Generation Safeguards Initiative's Safeguards By Design Project has initiated multiple studies and workshops with industry and regulatory stakeholders, including the IAEA, to develop relevant documents to support the implementation of SBD. These 'Good Practices Guides' describe facility and process design features that will facilitate implementation of effective nuclear material safeguards starting in the earliest phases of design through to final design. These guides, which are in their final editorial stages, start at a high level and then narrow down to specific nuclear fuel cycle facilities such as Light Water Reactors, Generation III/IV Reactors, High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors, and Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants. Most recently, NGSI has begun development of a facility safeguardability assessment toolkit to assist the designer. This paper will review the current status of these efforts, provide some examples of these documents, and show some standard IAEA Unattended Instrumentation that is permanently installed in nuclear facilities for monitoring.

Mark Schanfein; Shirley Johnson

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Measuring biodiversity for conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring biodiversity for conservation Summary Policy document 10/03 May 2003 ISBN 0 85403 592 3. 2002). Conserving biodiversity is essential to sustainability. Biodiversity provides substantial socio This report can be found at www.royalsoc.ac.uk #12;The reality of ongoing biodiversity loss The living world

Reynolds, John D.

37

Global Biodiversity Conservation Priorities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Biodiversity Conservation Priorities T. M. Brooks,1,2,3 * R. A. Mittermeier,1 G. A. B. da is essential to minimize biodiversity loss. To address this need, biodiversity conservation organizations have conservation funding. H uman actions are causing a biodiversity crisis, with species extinction rates up

Wilmers, Chris

38

Project aims to safeguard languages  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

safeguard languages_files/SearchboxText.js"> s donday... 27 September 2010 safeguard languages_files/dref=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.cambridge-news.co.uk%2FCambridge%2...

Anon.

2009-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

39

Safeguard Security and Awareness Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Provides detailed requirements and procedures to supplement DOE O 470.1, Safeguards and Security Program, Chapter IV.

2002-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

40

Safeguards and Security Program References  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The manual establishes definitions for terms related to the Department of Energy Safeguards and Security (S&S) Program and includes lists of references and acronyms/abbreviations applicable to S&S Program directives. Cancels the Safeguards and Security Glossary of Terms, dated 12-18-95. Current Safeguards and Security Program References can also be found at Safeguards and Security Policy Information Resource (http://pir.pnl.gov/)

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Safeguards management inspection procedures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this inspection module is to independently assess the contributions of licensee management to overall safeguards systems performance. The inspector accomplishes this objective by comparing the licensee's safeguards management to both the 10 CFR, parts 70 and 73, requirements and to generally accepted management practices. The vehicle by which this comparison is to be made consists of assessment questions and key issues which point the inspector to areas of primary concern to the NRC and which raise additional issues for the purpose of exposing management ineffectiveness. Further insight into management effectiveness is obtained through those assessment questions specifically directed toward the licensee's safeguards system performance. If the quality of the safeguards is poor, then the inspector should strongly suspect that management's role is ineffective and should attempt to determine management's influence (or lack thereof) on the underlying safeguards deficiencies. (The converse is not necessarily true, however.) The assessment questions in essence provide an opportunity for the inspector to identify, to single out, and to probe further, questionable management practices. Specific issues, circumstances, and concerns which point to questionable or inappropriate practices should be explicitly identified and referenced against the CFR and the assessment questions. The inspection report should also explain why the inspector feels certain management practices are poor, counter to the CFR, and/or point to ineffecive management. Concurrent with documenting the inspection results, the inspector should provide recommendations for alleviating observed management practices that are detrimental to effective safeguards. The recommendations could include: specific changes in the practices of the licensee, followup procedures on the part of NRC, and proposed license changes.

Barth, M.J.; Dunn, D.R.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Safeguards and Security Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Safeguards and Security Program ensures that the Department of Energy efficiently and effectively meets all its obligations to protect Special Nuclear Material, other nuclear materials, classified matter, sensitive information, government property, and the safety and security of employees, contractors, and the general public. Cancels DOE P 470.1.

2010-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

43

Safeguards and Security Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish responsibilities for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Safeguards and Security (S&S) Program, and to establish program planning and management requirements for the S&S Program. Cancels DOE O 470.4A, DOE M 470.4-1, Chg. 2, and DOE O 142.1.

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

44

Theories of Biodiversity Value  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The discussion of the calculus of biodiversity values in Chap. 5 is the final requisite prop for the stage across which this chapter parades accounts of how biodiversity is supposed to be valuable. The selecti...

Donald S. Maier

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Marine Biodiversity & Biotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Centre for Marine Biodiversity & Biotechnology No one knows how many species live in the sea this biodiversity needs expertise from classical marine biology to the latest molecular genetics techniques Biodiversity & Biotechnology. The CMBB was established in 1999 to tackle the challenges of understanding marine

Howie, Jim

46

EBONEEUROPEAN BIODIVERSITY OBSERVATION NETWORK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EBONEEUROPEAN BIODIVERSITY OBSERVATION NETWORK Geert De Blust, Guy Laurijssens, Hans Van Calster of biodiversity monitoring through close collaboration of users and data providers #12;#12;Design of a monitoring-effectiveness Optimization of biodiversity monitoring through close collaboration of users and data providers Geert De Blust1

47

Defining and Measuring Safeguards Culture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In light of the shift toward State Level Evaluations and information driven safeguards, this paper offers a refined definition of safeguards culture and a set of metrics for measuring the extent to which a safeguards culture exists in a state. Where the IAEA is able to use the definition and metrics to come to a positive conclusion about the country, it may help reduce the burden on the Agency and the state.

Frazar, Sarah L.; Mladineo, Stephen V.

2010-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

48

Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults 1. Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults 1. Introduction 2. Definition & Legislation 3. Scope 4. Roles & Responsibilities 5. Action Appendix 1 ­ Handling a Safeguarding Case & Contacts as best practice for all safeguarding activity; however, this policy reflects the different practices

Anderson, Jim

49

Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults Introduction The University is expected and has a responsibility to take appropriate steps to safeguard children and vulnerable adults who are on University · Safeguarding:"Institutionshaveanenhanceddutytowardschildren,andsafeguardingispartofthatcommon-lawdutyof care

Aickelin, Uwe

50

Transportation Safeguards & Security Test Bed (TSSTB) | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transportation Safeguards and Security Test Bed May 30, 2013 The Transportation Safeguards and Security Test Bed consists of a test-bed vehicle and a monitoringlaboratorytraining...

51

Predatory Pricing Safeguards and Telecommunications Regulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Telecommunications regulation frequently employs safeguards against anticompetitive practices, usually in the form ... structural separation also was used extensively as a safeguard, and persists in the Computer ...

Alexander Larson

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System | National Nuclear...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

System Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System NMMSS U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards...

53

Safeguards and Security Program - DOE Directives, Delegations...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0.4B Admin Chg 1, Safeguards and Security Program by Mary Gallion Functional areas: Administrative Change, Safeguards, Security, and Emergency Management, Safety, Safety and...

54

Safeguards and Security Program - DOE Directives, Delegations...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 Chg 1, Safeguards and Security Program by Website Administrator Functional areas: Environment, Safety, and Health, Hazardous Materials, Radiation Protection, Safeguards,...

55

Complex Forces Affect China's Biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

global efforts have been put into biodiversity conservation, but biodiversity loss continues rapidly in biodiversity conservation to the global level and help protect biodiversity in other developing countries Wiley & Sons, Ltd. #12;208 ConservationBiology COMPLEXITY OF INTERACTING FORCES AFFECTING BIODIVERSITY

56

Providing safeguards or playing Nero  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Providing safeguards or playing Nero ... The public expects the creators of technology to provide requisite safeguards for health and safety of society in the short term without fail, and in the long term as far as vision and intelligence can reasonably project. ...

L.T. Lippincott

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Full spectrum optical safeguard  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical safeguard device with two linear variable Fabry-Perot filters aligned relative to a light source with at least one of the filters having a nonlinear dielectric constant material such that, when a light source produces a sufficiently high intensity light, the light alters the characteristics of the nonlinear dielectric constant material to reduce the intensity of light impacting a connected optical sensor. The device can be incorporated into an imaging system on a moving platform, such as an aircraft or satellite.

Ackerman, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

58

Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Agroecosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Agroecosystems A New Conservation Paradigm Ivette Perfectoa areas of the world. Although most ecologists con- cerned with biodiversity conservation would agree. This conclusion has major consequences for biodiversity con- servation in fragmented tropical forests

59

The Importance of Marine Biodiversity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study of marine biodiversity is timely and fundamental for a number of reasons (CBD, Global Biodiversity Outlook 3, 2010). Marine biodiversity plays a key role through ecosystem services ... applied research....

Philippe Goulletquer; Philippe Gros; Gilles Boeuf…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Seite 1 von 7 Safeguarding good academic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seite 1 von 7 Safeguarding good academic practice Reacting to spectacular cases of misconduct (German Research Foundation, DFG) presented "Proposals for safeguarding good academic practice") of November 1997 and the DFG memorandum "Safeguarding good academic practice" of 1998. Rules for safeguarding

Heermann, Dieter W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Safeguarding Equipment and Protecting Employees from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safeguarding Equipment and Protecting Employees from Amputations www.osha.gov Small Business Safety of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health #12;Safeguarding Equipment and Protecting Employees from Activities 9 Hazard Analysis 9 Controlling Amputation Hazards 9 Safeguarding Machinery 9 Primary Safeguarding

Colton, Jonathan S.

62

Conservation science relevant to action: A research agenda identified and prioritized by practitioners  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

research agenda Biodiversity conservation Research-implementation gap Prioritizing conservation research the implementation of biodiversity conservation recommendations. As subjects studied by conservation scientists mightConservation science relevant to action: A research agenda identified and prioritized

Richner, Heinz

63

Us-Japan cooperation on safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is a long history of collaborative safeguards development between the United States and Japan. Japan has built, and continues to expand, the largest civil nuclear fuel cycle under full-scope IAEA safeguards in world. This development has posed unique challenges to the international safeguards system. Safeguards developments made through the US-Japan cooperation to address these unique challenges have significantly impacted the technologies deployed for international safeguards applications around the world.

Beddingfield, David H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Menlove, Howard O [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hori, Masato [JAEA; Kawakubo, Yoko [JAEA; Mcclelland - Kerr, J [NNSA

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

IAEA safeguards: some pros and cons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A former UK representative on the IAEA Governing Board gives a personal view of IAEA safeguards. He suggests that criticism of the International Atomic Energy Agency Safeguards System some of it appearing in Phys. Tech., often reflects a misunderstanding of the role of IAEA safeguards and an underestimation of what safeguards have achieved. The limitations and strengths of IAEA safeguards are assessed and the balance in their favour is found

P. Kelly

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Integrated Safeguards and Security Management Self-Assessment 2004  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

provided. Appendix A. Safeguards and Security Plan AppendixLBNL/PUB-3183 Integrated Safeguards and Security Management76SF00098. Integrated Safeguards and Security Management

Lunford, Dan; Ramsey, Dwayne

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Master Safeguards and Security Agreements  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish the Department of Energy policy, requirements, responsibilities, and authorities for the development and implementation of Master Safeguards and Security Agreements (MSSA's). Does not cancel another directive. Canceled by DOE O 5630.13A

1988-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

67

Overview of enrichment plant safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relationship of enrichment plant safeguards to US nonproliferation objectives and to the operation and management of enrichment facilities is reviewed. During the review, the major components of both domestic and international safeguards systems for enrichment plants are discussed. In discussing domestic safeguards systems, examples of the technology currently in use to support nuclear materials accountability are described including the measurement methods, procedures and equipment used for weighing, sampling, chemical and isotopic analyses and nondestructive assay techniques. Also discussed is how the information obtained as part of the nuclear material accountancy task is useful to enrichment plant operations. International material accountancy verification and containment/surveillance concepts for enrichment plants are discussed, and the technologies presently being developed for international safeguards in enrichment plants are identified and the current development status is reported.

Swindle, D.W. Jr.; Wheeler, L.E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Darwinian shortfalls in biodiversity conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Darwinian shortfalls in biodiversity conservation Jose´ Alexandre F. Diniz-Filho1 , Rafael D, and biodiversity conservation Species are considered indisputable units in conservation and biodiversity analyses in conservation planning and biodiversity analyses has been continuously dis- cussed [3,4]. However, species

Mooers, Arne

69

Marine biodiversity characteristics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oceans contain the largest living volume of the “blue” planet, inhabited by approximately 235–250,000 described species, all groups included. They only represent some 13% of the known species on the Earth, but the marine biomasses are really huge. Marine phytoplankton alone represents half the production of organic matter on Earth while marine bacteria represent more than 10%. Life first appeared in the oceans more than 3.8 billion years ago and several determining events took place that changed the course of life, ranging from the development of the cell nucleus to sexual reproduction going through multi-cellular organisms and the capture of organelles. Of the 31 animal phyla currently listed, 12 are exclusively marine phyla and have never left the ocean. An interesting question is to try to understand why there are so few marine species versus land species? This pattern of distribution seems pretty recent in the course of Evolution. From an exclusively marine world, since the beginning until 440 million years ago, land number of species much increased 110 million years ago. Specific diversity and ancestral roles, in addition to organizational models and original behaviors, have made marine organisms excellent reservoirs for identifying and extracting molecules (> 15,000 today) with pharmacological potential. They also make particularly relevant models for both fundamental and applied research. Some marine models have been the source of essential discoveries in life sciences. From this diversity, the ocean provides humankind with renewable resources, which are highly threatened today and need more adequate management to preserve ocean habitats, stocks and biodiversity.

Gilles Boeuf

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Recommended observational skills training for IAEA safeguards inspections. Final report: Recommended observational skills training for IAEA safeguards inspections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the second of two reports prepared to assist the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA or Agency) in enhancing the effectiveness of its international safeguards inspections through inspector training in {open_quotes}Observational Skills{close_quotes}. The first (Phase 1) report was essentially exploratory. It defined Observational Skills broadly to include all appropriate cognitive, communications, and interpersonal techniques that have the potential to help IAEA safeguards inspectors function more effectively. It identified 10 specific Observational Skills components, analyzed their relevance to IAEA safeguards inspections, and reviewed a variety of inspection programs in the public and private sectors that provide training in one or more of these components. The report concluded that while it should be possible to draw upon these other programs in developing Observational Skills training for IAEA inspectors, the approaches utilized in these programs will likely require significant adaption to support the specific job requirements, policies, and practices that define the IAEA inspector`s job. The overall objective of this second (Phase 2) report is to provide a basis for the actual design and delivery of Observational Skills training to IAEA inspectors. The more specific purposes of this report are to convey a fuller understanding of the potential application of Observational Skills to the inspector`s job, describe inspector perspectives on the relevance and importance of particular Observational Skills, identify the specific Observational Skill components that are most important and relevant to enhancing safeguards inspections, and make recommendations as to Observational Skills training for the IAEA`s consideration in further developing its Safeguards training program.

Toquam, J.L.; Morris, F.A.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

The Biodiversity Bargaining Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes global biodiversity conservation as a co-operative bargaining problem. We model an interdependent ‘technology rich’ North and a ‘gene rich’ South who must co-operate in the biotechnology sector in order to combine their unique...

Gatti, J Rupert J; Goeschl, Timo; Groom, Ben; Swanson, Timothy

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

72

Safeguards and Security Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Ensures appropriate levels of protection against unauthorized access; theft, diversion, loss of custody, or destruction of nuclear weapons, or weapons components; espionage; loss or theft of classified matter or Government property; and other hostile acts that may cause unacceptable adverse impacts on national security or on the health and safety of Department of Energy (DOE) and contractor employees, the public, or the environment. DOE O 470.1 Extended until 5-11-06 by DOE N 251.63, dated 5-11-05. Chg 1, Safeguards and Security Program, dated 9/28/95, extended by DOE N 251.57, dated 4/28/2004. Change 1, 5/21/96, revises Chapter IV. Cancels: DOE 5630.11B, DOE 5630.13A, DOE 5630.14A, DOE 5630.15, DOE 5630.16A, DOE 5630.17, DOE 5631.1C, DOE 5631.4A, DOE 5634.1B, DOE 5634.3, DOE 5639.3, DOE M 5632.1C-1 in part.

1995-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

73

IAEA safeguards equipment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) operates a large diversity of equipment to verify nuclear materials, contributing to the confirmation of the states' compliance with their respective nonproliferation obligations. The variety of physical and chemical properties of nuclear materials, as well as their storage environment, requires an arsenal of instruments. Additionally, the IAEA applies various containment and surveillance measures to maintain the continuity of knowledge on nuclear materials. The IAEA need ongoing equipment development to provide its inspectorate with the state-of-the-art tools for performing various safeguards activities. These activities include the measurement of declared nuclear material inventories and flows, the application of enhanced containment and surveillance measures and the search for the indicators of undeclared nuclear material and clandestine nuclear activities. The IAEA is facing increasing demands to perform remote verification of nuclear material flows utilising unattended monitoring systems. Additional analytical capabilities and effective non-destructive assay methods will be indispensable in the future for reinforcing the IAEA's ability to detect undeclared nuclear materials and activities.

M. Zendel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Safety, security and safeguard  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A physical protection system (PPS) integrates people, procedures, and equipment for the protection of assets or facilities against theft, sabotage and terrorist attacks. Therefore, this paper proposes the use of a systematic and measurable approach to the design of PPS and its emphases on the concept of detection, delay and response. The proposed performance based PPS has the capability of defeating adversaries thereby achieving its targets. Therefore, timely detection of intrusion – based on the use of sensors, signal lines and alarm systems – is a major principle in the proposed system. Also the need for deterrence such as barriers in form of guards, access control, close circuit television (CCTV), strong policy and procedures, then the security culture amongst the facility workers was appropriately discussed. Since nuclear power is considered the only source that can provide large scale electricity with comparatively minimal impact on the environment, the paper also considered base guidelines for the application of PPS in any nuclear and radioactive facilities, followed with the necessity to incorporate inherent safety, security and safeguard (3S) synergy innovation in the physical protection system design and other characteristics that will enhance to reduce the vulnerability of nuclear facilities and materials to theft sabotage and terrorist attacks.

Nasiru Imam Zakariya; M.T.E. Kahn

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Safeguards-by-Design: Guidance for Independent Spent Fuel Dry Storage Installations (ISFSI)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document summarizes the requirements and best practices for implementing international nuclear safeguards at independent spent fuel storage installations (ISFSIs), also known as Away-from- Reactor (AFR) storage facilities. These installations may provide wet or dry storage of spent fuel, although the safeguards guidance herein focuses on dry storage facilities. In principle, the safeguards guidance applies to both wet and dry storage. The reason for focusing on dry independent spent fuel storage installations is that this is one of the fastest growing nuclear installations worldwide. Independent spent fuel storage installations are typically outside of the safeguards nuclear material balance area (MBA) of the reactor. They may be located on the reactor site, but are generally considered by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the State Regulator/SSAC to be a separate facility. The need for this guidance is becoming increasingly urgent as more and more nuclear power plants move their spent fuel from resident spent fuel ponds to independent spent fuel storage installations. The safeguards requirements and best practices described herein are also relevant to the design and construction of regional independent spent fuel storage installations that nuclear power plant operators are starting to consider in the absence of a national long-term geological spent fuel repository. The following document has been prepared in support of two of the three foundational pillars for implementing Safeguards-by-Design (SBD). These are: i) defining the relevant safeguards requirements, and ii) defining the best practices for meeting the requirements. This document was prepared with the design of the latest independent dry spent fuel storage installations in mind and was prepared specifically as an aid for designers of commercial nuclear facilities to help them understand the relevant international requirements that follow from a country’s safeguards agreement with the IAEA. If these requirements are understood at the earliest stages of facility design, it will help eliminate the costly retrofit of facilities that has occurred in the past to accommodate nuclear safeguards, and will help the IAEA implement nuclear safeguards worldwide, especially in countries building their first nuclear facilities. It is also hoped that this guidance document will promote discussion between the IAEA, State Regulator/SSAC, Project Design Team, and Facility Owner/Operator at an early stage to ensure that new ISFSIs will be effectively and efficiently safeguarded. This is intended to be a living document, since the international nuclear safeguards requirements may be subject to revision over time. More importantly, the practices by which the requirements are met are continuously modernized by the IAEA and facility operators for greater efficiency and cost effectiveness. As these improvements are made, it is recommended that the subject guidance document be updated and revised accordingly.

Trond Bjornard; Philip C. Durst

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Adjustable Measures for the Safeguard of Monuments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The widespread obsessive furore of safeguarding urgently relicts of every kind at any...selection of those actual values worth to be safeguarded. This more reasonable attitude is expressed by...respect of the mon...

Ruggiero Jappelli

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Safeguards and Security Program, acronyms and abbereviations...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Program, acronyms and abbereviations - DOE M 470.4-7 Safeguards and Security Program, acronyms and abbereviations - DOE M 470.4-7 August 26, 2005 Canceled Safeguards and Security...

78

Process: (international) safeguards interface at the Portsmouth GCEP from the safeguards technology developer's viewpoint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of a major portion of a safeguards system for possible use by IAEA at the Portsmouth Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant is described from the viewpoint of the safeguards technology developer. The process-safeguards interface is reviewed, including safeguards, process, and operational constraints on the safeguards system. The conflicting requirements of the IAEA and the plant operator are minimized through the use of advanced technology that allows safeguards data to be acquired, analyzed, and reported in an automated, unattended mode. The proposed safeguards system will reduce the impact of the inspections on both the operator and the IAEA.

Tape, J.W.; Strittmatter, R.B.; Baker, A.L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

UNCLASSIFIED Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System CONTACT INFORMATION UPDATE REPORTING IDENTIFICATION SYMBOL (RIS) RIS: Address: Facility Name: CONTACTS Name Email:...

80

Safeguarding Animal Health AQUATIC INVASIVE SPECIES &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safeguarding Animal Health AQUATIC INVASIVE SPECIES & VIRAL HEMORRHAGIC SEPTICEMIA Teresa L. Dudis;Safeguarding Animal Health AQUATIC INVASIVE SPECIES An aquatic invasive species (AIS) is an aquatic parasite%20White%20Paper% 20%20-%20FINAL%20VERSION.pdf #12;Safeguarding Animal Health AIS ­ Parasites

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Workshop-based Multiobjective Security Safeguard Selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Workshop-based Multiobjective Security Safeguard Selection Thomas Neubauer Institute of Software/or are not aware whether their investments are effective. While security safeguards traditionally are evaluated, there is a demand for decision support tools that assist decision makers in allocating security safeguards

82

THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM SAFEGUARDING CHILDREN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM SAFEGUARDING CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE WITHIN THE UNIVERSITY CONTENTS: Guidelines on Criminal Records #12;POLICY ON SAFEGUARDING CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE WITHIN THE UNIVERSITY 1 with University staff, students or contractors. 1.2 This Policy sets out the University's approach to safeguarding

Birmingham, University of

83

A COMPARISON OF SECURITY SAFEGUARD SELECTION METHODS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A COMPARISON OF SECURITY SAFEGUARD SELECTION METHODS Thomas Neubauer Secure Business Austria of security safeguards is often a result of current needs or influ- enced by security problems that may go decision makers with an overview of common methods for the evaluation and selection of security safeguards

84

Conservation Easements: Biodiversity Protection and Private Use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conservation Easements: Biodiversity Protection and Private Use ADENA R. RISSMAN, LYNN LOZIER.S.A. Abstract: Conservation easements are one of the primary tools for conserving biodiversity on private land easements for biodiversity conservation. Keywords: biodiversity protection, conservation easement, land

Rissman, Adena

85

Biodiversity at St Anne's College  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiversity at St Anne's College CAN I VISIT ST ANNE'S COLLEGE? Yes! St Anne's grounds, visit http://www.stannes.ox.ac.uk/about/findus HOW IS ST ANNE'S HELPING BIODIVERSITY? Helping wildlife

86

New Perspectives on Marine Biodiversity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marine and terrestrial ecosystems are so fundamentally different ... some aspects that many of the issues concerning biodiversity cannot be interpreted using a single theory ... when it comes to highly biodiverse...

Saleem Mustafa

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

REPORT OF THE WORKSHOP ON NUCLEAR FACILITY DESIGN INFORMATION EXAMINATION AND VERIFICATION FOR SAFEGUARDS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Executive Summary The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) implements nuclear safeguards and verifies countries are compliant with their international nuclear safeguards agreements. One of the key provisions in the safeguards agreement is the requirement that the country provide nuclear facility design and operating information to the IAEA relevant to safeguarding the facility, and at a very early stage. , This provides the opportunity for the IAEA to verify the safeguards-relevant features of the facility and to periodically ensure that those features have not changed. The national authorities (State System of Accounting for and Control of Nuclear Material - SSAC) provide the design information for all facilities within a country to the IAEA. The design information is conveyed using the IAEA’s Design Information Questionnaire (DIQ) and specifies: (1) Identification of the facility’s general character, purpose, capacity, and location; (2) Description of the facility’s layout and nuclear material form, location, and flow; (3) Description of the features relating to nuclear material accounting, containment, and surveillance; and (4) Description of existing and proposed procedures for nuclear material accounting and control, with identification of nuclear material balance areas. The DIQ is updated as required by written addendum. IAEA safeguards inspectors examine and verify this information in design information examination (DIE) and design information verification (DIV) activities to confirm that the facility has been constructed or is being operated as declared by the facility operator and national authorities, and to develop a suitable safeguards approach. Under the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI), the National Nuclear Security Administrations (NNSA) Office of Non-Proliferation and International Security identified the need for more effective and efficient verification of design information by the IAEA for improving international safeguards in the future. Consequently, the NNSA Office of International Regimes and Agreements (NA-243) sponsored a team of U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratory nuclear safeguards experts and technologists to conduct a workshop on methods and technologies for improving this activity, under the ASA-100 Advanced Safeguards Approaches Project. The workshop focused on reviewing and discussing the fundamental safeguards needs, and presented technology and/or methods that could potentially address those needs more effectively and efficiently. Conclusions and Recommendations for technology to enhance the performance of DIV inspections are presented by the workshop team.

Richard Metcalf; Robert Bean

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Safeguards instrumentation: a computer-based catalog  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The information contained in this catalog is needed to provide a data base for safeguards studies and to help establish criteria and procedures for international safeguards for nuclear materials and facilities. The catalog primarily presents information on new safeguards equipment. It also describes entire safeguards systems for certain facilities, but it does not describe the inspection procedures. Because IAEA safeguards do not include physical security, devices for physical protection (as opposed to containment and surveillance) are not included. An attempt has been made to list capital costs, annual maintenance costs, replacement costs, and useful lifetime for the equipment. For equipment which is commercially available, representative sources have been listed whenever available.

Fishbone, L.G.; Keisch, B.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Safeguarding and internationalising nuclear power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The climatological effects of burning fossil fuels make it necessary to develop and increase the use of non-CO2-emitting energy sources. One possibility that has been suggested is to expand the use of nuclear power. In addition to safer reactors and satisfactory waste disposal, public acceptance depends on whether or not the nuclear industry can offer a truly peaceful atom. Nuclear power must be effectively safeguarded from the diversion of nuclear materials for potential non-peaceful uses. The necessity of safeguarding nuclear power was recognised early. The initial proposal that was made in the Baruch Plan in 1946 included international control or ownership of potentially dangerous nuclear activities and technology. Events leading to the rejection of this plan and the development of the present safeguards system are reviewed here. Recent proposals for extended international control and the prospects for internationalisation are discussed. Although internationalising significant parts of the nuclear enterprise would facilitate a considerably more diversion-resistant safeguards regime, the idea is little discussed by governments and nuclear power institutions. Large political efforts and institutional changes are required if nuclear power is to offer the peaceful atom it once promised.

Lars J. Nilsson; Dean Abrahamson

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Biodiversity in Human-Impacted  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 #12;1 Biodiversity in Human-Impacted Landscapes Biodiversidad en Paisajes Intervenidos Volumen-1 complex and dynamic. Traditionally, efforts to protect biodiversity and address environmental problems abilities of policy makers and on-the-ground practitioners is essential to biodiversity conservation

Haller, Gary L.

91

Integrating Food Production and Biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrating Food Production and Biodiversity Energy and Scale Issues in Implementation Kristina and biodiversity ­ energy and scale issues in implementation Abstract The aim of this thesis was to test the hypotheses that (1) biodiversity at a farm level differs between small and large farms, and (2

92

Focus On.... Biodiversity and Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Focus On.... Biodiversity and Conservation This resource guide aims to provide useful, detailed, high quality sources of information on biodiversity and conservation for students in Higher and Further into biodiversity and government bodies trying to implement conservation measures, but there are many others

Miranda, Eduardo Reck

93

Appropriability mechanisms in internationalisation: possibilities to safeguard innovations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The internationalisation of innovation has become increasingly common. With this change, the significance of managing and safeguarding innovations and intellectual property in international environment has risen to new levels, yet challenges are notable as well. Firms face the pressure to find, obtain, and use tools and mechanisms that would enable them to protect their innovations and intangibles against undesirable imitation and, consequently, create better appropriation conditions for themselves. This study examines appropriation of innovations in respect to internationalisation. The objective of the article is to find out: a) how individual safeguarding/appropriability mechanisms are perceived by internationalising and internationalised firms; b) how these mechanisms relate to succeeding in international markets. The findings from the examination of 299 Finnish firms indicate that not all mechanisms are equally relevant considering the tendency of the firm to internationalise, and that different mechanisms yield different results in terms of international performance.

Pia Hurmelinna-Laukkanen; Kaisu Puumalainen; Sami Saarenketo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Modeling and Simulation for Safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this talk is to give an overview of the role of modeling and simulation in Safeguards R&D and introduce you to (some of) the tools used. Some definitions are: (1) Modeling - the representation, often mathematical, of a process, concept, or operation of a system, often implemented by a computer program; (2) Simulation - the representation of the behavior or characteristics of one system through the use of another system, especially a computer program designed for the purpose; and (3) Safeguards - the timely detection of diversion of significant quantities of nuclear material. The role of modeling and simulation are: (1) Calculate amounts of material (plant modeling); (2) Calculate signatures of nuclear material etc. (source terms); and (3) Detector performance (radiation transport and detection). Plant modeling software (e.g. FACSIM) gives the flows and amount of material stored at all parts of the process. In safeguards this allow us to calculate the expected uncertainty of the mass and evaluate the expected MUF. We can determine the measurement accuracy required to achieve a certain performance.

Swinhoe, Martyn T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

95

International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is unique among international organizations in its use of on-site inspections to verify that States are in compliance with the terms of a negotiated agreement. The legal basis for the inspections is agreements between the IAEA and the State, concluded in the framework of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, for full scope safeguards on all nuclear materials. In addition, other more limited agreements for safeguards on a portion of a State's nuclear material are also concluded with States not party to the Treaty. In either case, the role of the IAEA is to verify compliance with the terms of these agreements by auditing facility operating records and reports submitted to the IAEA by the State; by independent measurement of nuclear materials by IAEA inspectors; and by emplacement of surveillance devices to monitor facility operations in the inspector's absence. Although IAEA safeguards are applied only to peaceful nuclear activities and do not attempt to control or reduce the numbers of nuclear weapons, there are aspects of the IAEA methods and technology that may be applicable to treaty verification for arms control. Among these aspects are: (1) the form of the IAEA's agreements with States; (2) the IAEA approach to inspection planning; and (3) the instrumentation employed by the IAEA for monitoring facility activities and for measuring nuclear material.

Avenhaus, R.; Markin, J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION DEVICES: EFFECTIVENESS IN IMPROVING SAFEGUARDS AT GAS-CENTRIFUGE URANIUM-ENRICHMENT PLANTS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent advances in radio frequency identification devices (RFIDs) have engendered a growing interest among international safeguards experts. Potentially, RFIDs could reduce inspection work, viz. the number of inspections, number of samples, and duration of the visits, and thus improve the efficiency and effectiveness of international safeguards. This study systematically examined the applications of RFIDs for IAEA safeguards at large gas-centrifuge enrichment plants (GCEPs). These analyses are expected to help identify the requirements and desirable properties for RFIDs, to provide insights into which vulnerabilities matter most, and help formulate the required assurance tests. This work, specifically assesses the application of RFIDs for the ''Option 4'' safeguards approach, proposed by Bruce Moran, U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), for large gas-centrifuge uranium-enrichment plants. The features of ''Option 4'' safeguards include placing RFIDs on all feed, product and tails (F/P/T) cylinders, along with WID readers in all FP/T stations and accountability scales. Other features of Moran's ''Option 4'' are Mailbox declarations, monitoring of load-cell-based weighing systems at the F/P/T stations and accountability scales, and continuous enrichment monitors. Relevant diversion paths were explored to evaluate how RFIDs improve the efficiency and effectiveness of safeguards. Additionally, the analysis addresses the use of RFIDs in conjunction with video monitoring and neutron detectors in a perimeter-monitoring approach to show that RFIDs can help to detect unidentified cylinders.

JOE,J.

2007-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

97

Examining 239Pu and 240Pu Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence Measurements on Spent Fuel for Nuclear Safeguards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Spent Fuel for Nuclear Safeguards Brian J. Quiter, ?resonances on nuclear safeguards measurements will be

Quiter, Brian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

FAQS Reference Guide – Safeguards and Security  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the May 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1171-2009, Safeguards and Security Functional Area Qualification Standard.

99

UNCLASSIFIED Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System CHANGE OF PROJECT NUMBER UPDATE PROJECT Project Number: Title: Date Valid: Date Deactivated: Classification Codes: Project Number:...

100

SAFEGUARD AND SECURE CONTROL VERIFY POLICY  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Fall 2014 National Nuclear Security Administration ENERGY U.S. DEPARTMENT OF NIS Leads International Workshop to Strengthen Nuclear Safeguards Regime By Jessica WilBourne and sean...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Biodiversity conservation and state sovereignty.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis examines the influence of contemporary approaches to biodiversity conservation on conceptions of state sovereignty over natural resources. Traditional approaches to state sovereignty have… (more)

Echeverria, Hugo.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Marine Biodiversity and Climate Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Climate change involves shifts in environmental conditions which will affect the distribution and biological performance of species. Global patterns of marine biodiversity are strongly driven by ocean temperature...

Thomas Wernberg; Bayden D. Russell; Mads S. Thomsen…

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

ORO Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System and Visitor Control System PIA, Oak Ridge Operations Office ORO Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System...

104

Audit of the Department of Energy's Site Safeguards and Security...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Energy's Site Safeguards and Security Plans TO: The Secretary BACKGROUND: The Department's Safeguards and Security program is designed to provide appropriate, efficient, and...

105

Some NDA Techniques Applied to International Safeguards Projects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent attention to international safeguards has stimulated interest in nondestructive analysis techniques. ... describes several NDA applications in support of international safeguards projects, all involving in...

R.N. Ceo; K.A. Thompson

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Delegation of Authority for Safeguards and Security (EM) - DOE...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Authority for Safeguards and Security (EM) by goodwin Delegation-AuthorityforSafeguards-SecurityEM.pdf -- PDF Document, 63 KB ID: NA Type: Organizations' Assignment of...

107

Data Relevance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data relevance is a measure of the impact of specific data on decisions or actions by the user. Collecting irrelevant data contributes to information “overload” and complicates...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

PROGRAMME GROUP RESEARCH UPDATE: Biodiversity indicators &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 PROGRAMME GROUP RESEARCH UPDATE: Biodiversity indicators & knowledge management programme group Introduction Duncan Ray The programme group Biodiversity Indicators and Knowledge Management (BIKM) was established by the merger of the Biodiversity Indicators & Evaluation Programme and the Decision Support

109

Assessment of Research Quality Institute for Biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessment of Research Quality Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics January 2007 Faculty of Science #12;Evaluation report Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics Universiteit of the Universiteit van Amsterdam, the Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics (IBED) was one

van Rooij, Robert

110

Thematic Review Conservation of Biodiversity on Islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thematic Review Conservation of Biodiversity on Islands: The contribution of the United Kingdom............................................................................................. 11 3. THE BIODIVERSITY OF ISLANDS INVOLVED WITH DI PROJECTS ........................................................................................... 49 6. THE DARWIN INITIATIVE'S CONTRIBUTION TO THE CBD'S ISLAND BIODIVERSITY PROGRAMME OF WORK

111

BIODIVERSITY Presence-only versus presenceabsence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIODIVERSITY RESEARCH Presence-only versus presence­absence data in species composition determinant in the study. Sampling locations were based on true observations from the Global Biodiversity Information of species composition. Keywords Biodiversity, canonical correspondence analysis, environmental determinants

112

Biodiversity and Wildlife Habitat Considerations for Opportunity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Biodiversity and Wildlife Habitat Considerations for Opportunity Harvesting Prepared for considerations for biodiversity and wildlife habitat values during their development of a discussion paper paper. #12;2 A. INTRODUCTION When evaluating the biodiversity and wildlife habitat implications

113

Planning for Biodiversity Conservation Using Stochastic Programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9 Planning for Biodiversity Conservation Using Stochastic Programming Trevon Fuller,1 David P biodiversity features worldwide have prompted the development of a systematic planning framework biol- ogy, biodiversity. 9.1 Introduction Conservation areas are broadly defined as sites administered

Morton, David

114

Collaborative Networks for Biodiversity Domain Organizations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, conservation groups, etc., referred to in this paper as BOs (Biodiversity-domain OrganizationsCollaborative Networks for Biodiversity Domain Organizations Ekaterina Ermilova, Hamideh, operating in the domains of biology, ecology, and biodiversity, strongly need to cooperate

Boyer, Edmond

115

Editorial: corals, reefs and marine biodiversity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This issue of Marine Biodiversity contains a selection of papers that were ... talk or digital object during the session “Biodiversity of Coral Reefs” at the 2nd World Conference on Marine Biodiversity in Aberdee...

Bert W. Hoeksema; Sancia E. T. van der Meij

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Biodiversity matters in a changing world  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...precise predictions of future biodiversity. (b) Marine ecosystems in a changing...long-term viability of marine biodiversity. In a symposium on marine...our current knowledge of marine biodiversity is uneven: we know much...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

The origins of modern biodiversity on land  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...key drivers of biodiversity: there appears...temperature and biodiversity on the global scale for both marine and terrestrial...macroevolutionary history of marine animals. Proc...Foote, M. 2001 Biodiversity in the Phanerozoic...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Biodiversity and biogeography of the atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...al. 2008) and biodiversity models (Barton...with latitude for marine microbes. The...in planktonic marine bacteria. Proc...scaling of microbial biodiversity. Trends Ecol...predictors of marine biodiversity across taxa...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Sustaining America's Aquatic Biodiversity Turtle Biodiversity and Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustaining America's Aquatic Biodiversity Turtle Biodiversity and Conservation Joseph C. Mitchell of these are freshwater species, including the well- known box turtles that are primarily terrestrial. Of the remaining species, three are tortoises and five are marine (sea) turtles. Turtles are found worldwide except

Liskiewicz, Maciej

120

Improving the Transparency of IAEA Safeguards Reporting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2008, the Standing Advisory Group on Safeguards Implementation (SAGSI) indicated that the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Safeguards Implementation Report (SIR) has not kept pace with the evolution of safeguards and provided the IAEA with a set of recommendations for improvement. The SIR is the primary mechanism for providing an overview of safeguards implementation in a given year and reporting on the annual safeguards findings and conclusions drawn by the Secretariat. As the IAEA transitions to State-level safeguards approaches, SIR reporting must adapt to reflect these evolutionary changes. This evolved report will better reflect the IAEA's transition to a more qualitative and information-driven approach, based upon State-as-a-whole considerations. This paper applies SAGSI's recommendations to the development of multiple models for an evolved SIR and finds that an SIR repurposed as a 'safeguards portal' could significantly enhance information delivery, clarity, and transparency. In addition, this paper finds that the 'portal concept' also appears to have value as a standardized information presentation and analysis platform for use by Country Officers, for continuity of knowledge purposes, and the IAEA Secretariat in the safeguards conclusion process. Accompanying this paper is a fully functional prototype of the 'portal' concept, built using commercial software and IAEA Annual Report data.

Toomey, Christopher; Hayman, Aaron M.; Wyse, Evan T.; Odlaug, Christopher S.

2011-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Safeguards and Security Independent Oversight Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Establishes the DOE Safeguards and Security Independent Oversight Program that provides DOE and contractor managers, Congress, and other stakeholders with an independent evaluation of the effectiveness of DOE safeguards and security policy and programs, and the implementation of those policies and programs. Cancels DOE 5630.12A.

1998-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

122

The Okanagan Institute for Biodiversity, Resilience, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2013-2014 The Okanagan Institute for Biodiversity, Resilience, and Ecosystem Services (formerly name ­ The Okanagan Institute for Biodiversity, Resilience, and Ecosystem Services (BRAES) ­ to better

Pulfrey, David L.

123

World Bank Safeguard Policies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

World Bank Safeguard Policies World Bank Safeguard Policies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: World Bank Safeguard Policies Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/PROJECTS/EXTPOLICIES/EXTSAFEPOL/0,,m References: World Bank Safeguard Policies [1] Overview "The World Bank's environmental and social safeguard policies are a cornerstone of its support to sustainable poverty reduction. The objective of these policies is to prevent and mitigate undue harm to people and their environment in the development process. These policies provide guidelines for bank and borrower staffs in the identification, preparation, and

124

International Nuclear Safeguards Inspection Support Tool  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is committed to developing technologies to meet escalating requirements for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) monitoring and associated inspections. This commitment involves the customization and transfer of existing remote monitoring/information management technologies for use by the IAEA. This paper describes an information management system called INSIST International Nuclear Safeguards Inspection Support Tool, which was developed by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to support the IAEA Action Team in its role of monitoring and verifying compliance under United Nations Special Commission (UNSC) Resolutions 687, 707, and 715. Initial emphasis was placed on developing and deploying functionality and databases customized to support the Action Team. Throughout the design and customization of INSIST, emphasis was placed on information storage and retrieval capabilities for data gathered by the Action Team. In addition, PNL provided the Action Team with maps and satellite images and other relevant Iraqi databases to further facilitate the following activities: monitoring nuclear activities, facility operations, and nuclear material inventories assisting in inspection planning and training providing post inspection analysis providing onsite inspection support reporting on inspection findings.

Steinmaus, K.L.; Wukelic, G.E.; Beal, O.M.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Tropical rainforest biodiversity: field and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The Udzungwas in particular, are one of the single, most important areas in Africa for biodiversity conservationTropical rainforest biodiversity: field and GIS tools for assessing, monitoring and mapping II with Tanzania National ParksTanzania National Parks andand Wildlife Conservation SocietyWildlife Conservation

126

BIODIVERSITY Photo by Tom Iraci  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Olympia, WA 98512, USA. Email: acarey@fs.fed.us Balancing Ecosystem Values Proceedings, Biodiversity and degraded streams may be self-fulfilling prophecies of forest fragmentation and landscape dysfunction, and contribute to economic, social, and environmental sustainability. KEYWORDS: Biodiversity, northern spotted

Stephens, Scott L.

127

Separations and safeguards model integration.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research and development of advanced reprocessing plant designs can greatly benefit from the development of a reprocessing plant model capable of transient solvent extraction chemistry. This type of model can be used to optimize the operations of a plant as well as the designs for safeguards, security, and safety. Previous work has integrated a transient solvent extraction simulation module, based on the Solvent Extraction Process Having Interaction Solutes (SEPHIS) code developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, with the Separations and Safeguards Performance Model (SSPM) developed at Sandia National Laboratory, as a first step toward creating a more versatile design and evaluation tool. The goal of this work was to strengthen the integration by linking more variables between the two codes. The results from this integrated model show expected operational performance through plant transients. Additionally, ORIGEN source term files were integrated into the SSPM to provide concentrations, radioactivity, neutron emission rate, and thermal power data for various spent fuels. This data was used to generate measurement blocks that can determine the radioactivity, neutron emission rate, or thermal power of any stream or vessel in the plant model. This work examined how the code could be expanded to integrate other separation steps and benchmark the results to other data. Recommendations for future work will be presented.

Cipiti, Benjamin B.; Zinaman, Owen

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

What do Argentine shoes, Indian tire rubber, Korean garlic and American wheat gluten have in common? Although some are final consumer goods while others are intermediate inputs and they differ in terms of their m...

Chad P. Bown; Meredith A. Crowley

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Safeguards for spent fuels: Verification problems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The accumulation of large quantities of spent nuclear fuels world-wide is a serious problem for international safeguards. A number of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) member states, including the US, consider spent fuel to be a material form for which safeguards cannot be terminated, even after permanent disposal in a geologic repository. Because safeguards requirements for spent fuels are different from those of conventional bulk-handling and item-accounting facilities, there is room for innovation to design a unique safeguards regime for spent fuels that satisfies the goals of the nuclear nonproliferation treaty at a reasonable cost to both the facility and the IAEA. Various strategies being pursued for long-term management of spent fuels are examined with a realistic example to illustrate the problems of verifying safeguards under the present regime. Verification of a safeguards regime for spent fuels requires a mix of standard safeguards approaches, such as quantitative verification and use of seals, with other measures that are unique to spent fuels. 17 refs.

Pillay, K.K.S.; Picard, R.R.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Safeguarding and Protecting the Nuclear Fuel Cycle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

International safeguards as applied by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) are a vital cornerstone of the global nuclear nonproliferation regime - they protect against the peaceful nuclear fuel cycle becoming the undetected vehicle for nuclear weapons proliferation by States. Likewise, domestic safeguards and nuclear security are essential to combating theft, sabotage, and nuclear terrorism by non-State actors. While current approaches to safeguarding and protecting the nuclear fuel cycle have been very successful, there is significant, active interest to further improve the efficiency and effectiveness of safeguards and security, particularly in light of the anticipated growth of nuclear energy and the increase in the global threat environment. This article will address two recent developments called Safeguards-by-Design and Security-by-Design, which are receiving increasing broad international attention and support. Expected benefits include facilities that are inherently more economical to effectively safeguard and protect. However, the technical measures of safeguards and security alone are not enough - they must continue to be broadly supported by dynamic and adaptive nonproliferation and security regimes. To this end, at the level of the global fuel cycle architecture, 'nonproliferation and security by design' remains a worthy objective that is also the subject of very active, international focus.

Trond Bjornard; Humberto Garcia; William Desmond; Scott Demuth

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Safeguards and Security General Technical Safeguards and Security General Technical Base FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of: Developing a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job such as the duties and responsibilities which include determining their levels of importance and frequency. Identifying and evaluating competencies. Last step is evaluating linkage between job tasks and competencies. FAQS JTA - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base More Documents & Publications FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security

132

SAFEGUARDS CULTURE: WHAT IS IT AND DOES IT MATTER?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concepts of safety and security culture are well established; however, a common understanding of safeguards culture is not internationally recognized. With the support of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) the authors have attempted a rigorous analysis of the concept of safeguards culture, with the goal of determining its value to the international safeguards community, and to provide recommendations as to whether the concept deserves further development. As part of this analysis, the authors explore the distinctions between safeguards culture, safeguards compliance, and safeguards performance. The authors also discuss synergies and differences between safeguards culture and safety/security culture.

Mladineo, Stephen V.; Frazar, Sarah L.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Overview of the Facility Safeguardability Analysis (FSA) Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Executive Summary The safeguards system of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is intended to provide the international community with credible assurance that a State is fulfilling its safeguards obligations. Effective and cost-efficient IAEA safeguards at the facility level are, and will remain, an important element of IAEA safeguards as those safeguards evolve towards a “State-Level approach.” The Safeguards by Design (SBD) concept can facilitate the implementation of these effective and cost-efficient facility-level safeguards (Bjornard, et al. 2009a, 2009b; IAEA, 1998; Wonder & Hockert, 2011). This report, sponsored by the National Nuclear Security Administration’s Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security, introduces a methodology intended to ensure that the diverse approaches to Safeguards by Design can be effectively integrated and consistently used to cost effectively enhance the application of international safeguards.

Bari, Robert A.; Hockert, John; Wonder, Edward F.; Johnson, Scott J.; Wigeland, Roald; Zentner, Michael D.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

IAEA Safeguards: Past, Present, and Future  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This talk will present an overview of the International Atomic Energy Agency with a specific focus on its international safeguards mission and activities. The talk will first present a brief history of the IAEA and discuss its current governing structure. It will then focus on the Safeguards Department and its role in providing assurance that nuclear materials are being used for peaceful purposes. It will then look at how the IAEA is currently evolving the way in which it executes its safeguards mission with a focus on the idea of a state-level approach.

Santi, Peter A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hypes, Philip A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

135

Towards the global monitoring of biodiversity change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at biodiversity conservation inside and outside protected areas [4­6] and at limiting the causes of biodiversityTowards the global monitoring of biodiversity change Henrique M. Pereira1,2,* and H. David Cooper3, Canada, H2Y1N9 Governments have set the ambitious target of reducing biodiversity loss by the year 2010

Pereira, Henrique Miguel

136

A user's guide to biodiversity EASACii | March 2005 | A user's guide to biodiversity indicators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

24 A.9 Impact of climate change on biodiversity 24 A.10 Marine trophic index 25 A.11 ConnectivityA user's guide to biodiversity indicators #12;EASACii | March 2005 | A user's guide to biodiversity 1.3 What is meant by biodiversity? 2 1.4 Why is it important? 2 1.5 Can biodiversity be measured? 2

Pereira, Henrique Miguel

137

Spiral Development for Safeguards Instrumentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Safeguards instrumentation is highly specialized, so a common approach in the US has been to develop initial prototypes for performance, operability and security within the US National Laboratories for the IAEA and then seek one or more commercial partners. Transfer of technology from US National Laboratories is a legal requirement for products that have the potential for mass production. Other important objectives include minimizing time to deployment and lifecycle cost, and optimizing product maintainability, sustainability and manufacturability. Unfortunately, the deployment of systems developed via this model has sometimes been seriously delayed or never adopted because of the difficulty of optimizing the significant parameters of the process between the public and private sectors. The authors suggest that forming an R&D partnership between a research laboratory and a commercial company much earlier in the process would provide significant advantages. The present US practice leads to unnecessary expenditures during the early R&D phase since many decisions are made based on research needs that are counterproductive for commercialization and manufacturability. If the ultimate goal of the project is to produce a reliable and cost effective commercial product, the commercial input is needed early and often. The new “model” of developing systems in a closer collaboration with the private sector, in a spiral “Commercialization by Design” approach, should also limit the long term financial mortgages that Member States frequently experience with respect to safeguards instrumentation development using the present process. As a concrete example, the potential for incorporating Wire Integrity Verification Technology into the iCobra Reader System is discussed.

Koskelo, M.; Undem, Halvor A.; Good, Morris S.; Frazar, Sarah L.; Schanfein, Mark; Kadner, S.

2012-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

138

Development of Superconducting High-Resolution Gamma-Ray Spectrometers for Nuclear Safeguards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2.3 Isotope Correlation for Safeguards . . . . . .1.3 Safeguards and Nuclear Forensics . . . 1.4 CurrentApplication Guide to Safeguards Calorimetry. LA-13867-M,

Dreyer, Jonathan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Safeguards, China, and the Price of Steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The economic health of the US steel industry has fluctuated enormously over the last ten years. The implementation of steel safeguard tariffs in 2002 brought intense scrutiny by ... March 2005 to test the importa...

Benjamin H. Liebman

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Implementing Safeguards in Countries Under Suspicion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

After the detection of Iraq’s clandestine nuclear weapon acquisition program and North Koreas’s noncompliance with its safeguards obligations, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) undertook a substantial...

Annette Schaper

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Safeguards and the problem of VERs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most complex problems facing GATT during the current Uruguay round of trade talks is the reform of Article XIX on temporary protection measures, commonly known as safeguards. Our author argues that, pr...

Phedon Nicolaides

142

Application of Sof ‘Fair Trial’ Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The inclusion of explicit “fair trial” safeguards in the 13 nation NATO SOF Agreement...customary...international law contains no demonstrable standards, no reliable criteria, for determination of what are the mi...

Robert B. Ellert

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Application of SOF ‘Fair Trial’ Safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The inclusion of explicit “fair trial” safeguards in the 13 nation NATO SOF Agreement...customary...international law contains no demonstrable standards, no reliable criteria, for determination of what are the mi...

…

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Safeguards and Security Program Planning and Management  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Establishes program planning and management requirements for the Departments Safeguards and Security (S&S) Program. Cancels: DOE N 473.9 and DOE M 470.1-1

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

145

Safeguards and Security Program Planning and Management  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The manual establishes program planning and management requirements for the Departments Safeguards and Security. Chg 1, dated 3-7-06 Cancels DOE N 473.9, DOE M 470.1-1 Chg 2.

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

146

Safeguards and Security Program - DOE Directives, Delegations...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

O 470.4B, Safeguards and Security Program by Mary Gallion Functional areas: Safety, Safety and Security, Security, Work Processes, To establish responsibilities for the U.S....

147

UNCLASSIFIED Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System CHANGE OF PROJECT NUMBER UPDATE PROJECT Project Number: Title: Date Valid: Date Deactivated: Classification Codes: Project Number: Project Title: Associated Materials: Programmatic RIS Previous Project Number(s) Status Code Allotment Code (S=Supplier, U=User) I authorize that the information listed above is for the NMMSS Program to use as part of the project number conversion process for this facility.

148

Integrated Safeguards and Security Management (ISSM) Policy  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The purpose of this Policy is to formalize an Integrated Safeguards and Security Management (ISSM) framework. Safeguards and security management systems provide a formal, organized process for planning, performing, assessing, and improving the secure conduct of work in accordance with risk-based protection strategies. These systems are institutionalized through Department of Energy (DOE) directives and contracts. Does not cancel other directives. Canceled by DOE P 470.1A.

2001-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

149

Biodiversity informatics: automated approaches for documenting global biodiversity patterns and processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......use of more data in biodiversity research. Similar...World Register of Marine Species, http...al. The future of biodiversity. Science (1995...biogeographical data bases on marine fishes: caveat emptor...891-892. Sarkar IN . Biodiversity informatics: organizing......

Robert Guralnick; Andrew Hill

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

150

Next Generation Safeguards Initiative Workshop on Enhanced Recruiting for International Safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2007, the National Nuclear Security Administration's Office of Nonproliferation and International Security (NA-24) completed a yearlong review of the challenges facing the international safeguards system today and over the next 25 years. The study found that without new investment in international safeguards, the U.S. safeguards technology base, and our ability to support International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards, will continue to erode and soon may be at risk. To reverse this trend, the then U.S. Secretary of Energy, Samuel Bodman, announced at the 2007 IAEA General Conference that the Department of Energy (DOE) would launch the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI). He stated 'IAEA safeguards must be robust and capable of addressing proliferation threats. Full confidence in IAEA safeguards is essential for nuclear power to grow safely and securely. To this end, the U.S. Department of Energy will seek to ensure that modern technology, the best scientific expertise, and adequate resources are available to keep pace with expanding IAEA responsibilities.' To meet this goal, the NGSI objectives include the recruitment of international safeguards experts to work at the U.S. national laboratories and to serve at the IAEA's headquarters. Part of the latter effort will involve enhancing our existing efforts to place well-qualified Americans in a sufficient number of key safeguards positions within the IAEA's Department of Safeguards. Accordingly, the International Safeguards Project Office (ISPO) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) hosted a Workshop on Enhanced Recruiting for International Safeguards (ERIS) on October 22 and 23, 2008. The ISPO used a workshop format developed earlier with Sonalysts, Inc., that was followed at the U.S. Support Program's (USSP's) technology road-mapping sessions. ISPO invited participants from the U.S. DOE, the IAEA, the U.S. national laboratories, private industry, academia, and professional societies who either are experts in international safeguards, or understand the challenges of recruiting for technical positions. The 44 participants represented eight national laboratories, four universities, three government organizations, two international organizations, two professional organizations, and three small companies. The goal of the ERIS workshop was to improve efforts to engage U.S. citizens for IAEA positions in the Department of Safeguards. The participants considered the specific challenges of recruiting professional staff, safeguards inspectors, and managers. At the workshop's conclusion, participants presented their findings to the NNSA Office of International Regimes and Agreements (NA-243). The report's major findings are summarized.

Pepper,S.; Rosenthal, M.; Fishbone, L.; Occhiogrosso, D.; Carroll, C.; Dreicer, M.; Wallace, R.; Rankhauser, J.

2008-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

151

Advanced Safeguards Approaches for New Reprocessing Facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

U.S. efforts to promote the international expansion of nuclear energy through the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) will result in a dramatic expansion of nuclear fuel cycle facilities in the United States. New demonstration facilities, such as the Advanced Fuel Cycle Facility (AFCF), the Advanced Burner Reactor (ABR), and the Consolidated Fuel Treatment Center (CFTC) will use advanced nuclear and chemical process technologies that must incorporate increased proliferation resistance to enhance nuclear safeguards. The ASA-100 Project, “Advanced Safeguards Approaches for New Nuclear Fuel Cycle Facilities,” commissioned by the NA-243 Office of NNSA, has been tasked with reviewing and developing advanced safeguards approaches for these demonstration facilities. Because one goal of GNEP is developing and sharing proliferation-resistant nuclear technology and services with partner nations, the safeguards approaches considered are consistent with international safeguards as currently implemented by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This first report reviews possible safeguards approaches for the new fuel reprocessing processes to be deployed at the AFCF and CFTC facilities. Similar analyses addressing the ABR and transuranic (TRU) fuel fabrication lines at AFCF and CFTC will be presented in subsequent reports.

Durst, Philip C.; Therios, Ike; Bean, Robert; Dougan, A.; Boyer, Brian; Wallace, Richard; Ehinger, Michael H.; Kovacic, Don N.; Tolk, K.

2007-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

152

Northwest Habitat Institute Integrated Habitat and Biodiversity Information SystemIntegrated Habitat and Biodiversity Information System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Northwest Habitat Institute Integrated Habitat and Biodiversity Information SystemIntegrated Habitat and Biodiversity Information System (IBIS) for the Columbia River Basin(IBIS) for the Columbia

153

Safeguards and Security Glossary - DOE M 470.4-7 | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Safeguards and Security Glossary - DOE M 470.4-7 Safeguards and Security Glossary - DOE M 470.4-7 August 26, 2005 Cancelled Safeguards and Security Glossary The Safeguards and...

154

Office of Safeguards, Security & Emergency Preparedness | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office of Safeguards, Security & Office of Safeguards, Security & Emergency Preparedness Office of Safeguards, Security & Emergency Preparedness Office of Safeguards, Security & Emergency Preparedness Mission Develop and oversee the implementation of policy and guidance with respect to security and emergency management. Foster continuous improvement across the Environmental Management (EM) complex through application of Integrated Safeguards and Security Management principles. Serve as a liaison with sites and other agencies on security and emergency management issues. Major Responsibilities Ensure the mandatory level of safeguards and security protection, with managed risk, for EM's nuclear materials, facilities, classified material, documents and other government assets. Apply the Graded Security Protection (GSP) Policy and other

155

The state-level approach: moving beyond integrated safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concept of a State-Level Approach (SLA) for international safeguards planning, implementation, and evaluation was contained in the Conceptual Framework for Integrated Safeguards (IS) agreed in 2002. This paper describes briefly the key elements of the SLA, including State-level factors and high-level safeguards objectives, and considers different cases in which application of the SLA methodology could address safeguards for 'suspect' States, 'good' States, and Nuclear Weapons States hosting fuel cycle centers. The continued use and further development of the SLA to customize safeguards for each State, including for States already under IS, is seen as central to effective and efficient safeguards for an expanding nuclear world.

Tape, James W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under NEPA Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under NEPA This Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) report is intended to provide background on the emerging, complex subject of biodiversity, outline some general concepts that underlie biological diversity analysis and management, describe how the issue is currently addressed in NEPA analyses, and provide options for agencies undertaking NEPA analyses that consider biodiversity. Council on Environmental Quality: Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under the National Environmental Policy Act More Documents & Publications Habitat Evaluation: Guidance for the Review of Environmental Impact

157

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under NEPA Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under NEPA This Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) report is intended to provide background on the emerging, complex subject of biodiversity, outline some general concepts that underlie biological diversity analysis and management, describe how the issue is currently addressed in NEPA analyses, and provide options for agencies undertaking NEPA analyses that consider biodiversity. Council on Environmental Quality: Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under the National Environmental Policy Act More Documents & Publications Habitat Evaluation: Guidance for the Review of Environmental Impact

158

Next Generation Safeguards Initiative Workshop on Enhanced Recruiting for International Safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) hosted a Workshop on Enhanced Recruiting for International Safeguards October 22 and 23, 2008. The workshop was sponsored by DOE/NA-243 under the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI). Placing well-qualified Americans in sufficient number and in key safeguards positions within the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA’s) Department of Safeguards is an important U.S. non-proliferation objective. The goal of the NGSI Workshop on Enhanced Recruiting for International Safeguards was to improve U.S. efforts to recruit U.S. citizens for IAEA positions in the Department of Safeguards. The participants considered the specific challenges of recruiting professional staff, safeguards inspectors, and managers. BNL’s International Safeguards Project Office invited participants from the U.S. Department of Energy, the IAEA, U.S. national laboratories, private industry, academia, and professional societies who are either experts in international safeguards or who understand the challenges of recruiting for technical positions. A final report for the workshop will be finalized and distributed in early 2009. The main finding of the workshop was the need for an integrated recruitment plan to take into account pools of potential candidates, various government and private agency stakeholders, the needs of the IAEA, and the NGSI human capital development plan. There were numerous findings related to and recommendations for maximizing the placement of U.S. experts in IAEA Safeguards positions. The workshop participants offered many ideas for increasing the pool of candidates and increasing the placement rate. This paper will provide details on these findings and recommendations

Pepper,S.E.; Rosenthal, M.D.; Fishbone, L.G.; Occhogrosso, D.M.; Lockwood, D.; Carroll, C.J.; Dreicer, M.; Wallace, R.; Fankhauser, J.

2009-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

159

Training in Environmental Analyses for Safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Responding to recommendations of the DOE/NNSA's Next Generation Safeguards Initiative, a new course, Training in Environmental Sample Analysis for IAEA Safeguards, is being offered as a summer internship opportunity at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The first students completed the 8 week program during the summer of 2008. Interns are given training in the analysis of bulk environmental samples for safeguards through hands-on experience working in a clean laboratory, purifying U and Pu from bulk environmental samples, and measuring U and Pu isotope ratios by multi-collector ICP mass spectrometry. A series of lectures by invited safeguards and non-proliferation experts gives the students a broad picture of the safeguards work of the IAEA. At the end of the course, the students prepare a poster of their work to showcase at LLNL's summer student poster symposium. Both undergraduate and graduate students are recruited and hired as paid interns under the aegis of the Glenn T. Seaborg Institute in the Physical and Life Sciences Directorate at LLNL. This training course seeks to introduce students to analytical and interpretive skill-sets that are not generally taught at universities, and to encourage them to pursue careers with the IAEA.

Williams, R W; Gaffney, A M; Hutcheon, N A; Kersting, A B

2009-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

160

Fundamentals of materials accounting for nuclear safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Materials accounting is essential to providing the necessary assurance for verifying the effectiveness of a safeguards system. The use of measurements, analyses, records, and reports to maintain knowledge of the quantities of nuclear material present in a defined area of a facility and the use of physical inventories and materials balances to verify the presence of special nuclear materials are collectively known as materials accounting for nuclear safeguards. This manual, prepared as part of the resource materials for the Safeguards Technology Training Program of the US Department of Energy, addresses fundamental aspects of materials accounting, enriching and complementing them with the first-hand experiences of authors from varied disciplines. The topics range from highly technical subjects to site-specific system designs and policy discussions. This collection of papers is prepared by more than 25 professionals from the nuclear safeguards field. Representing research institutions, industries, and regulatory agencies, the authors create a unique resource for the annual course titled ''Materials Accounting for Nuclear Safeguards,'' which is offered at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Pillay, K.K.S. (comp.)

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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161

Safeguards Policy and Implementation | Global and Regional Solutions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Safeguards Policy and Implementation Group Safeguards Policy and Implementation Group This group seeks to support the international safeguards capability of the US government and its objective to strengthen the International Atomic Energy Agency's safeguards through project management of key US programs, training in international safeguards, and the analysis, formulation and development of safeguards policy and technical analyses. This group brings the NNSD capabilities in international safeguards into one cohesive group. A major aspect of the work in this group is to support the safeguards activities of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This is critical because the IAEA faces many challenges such as essentially flat budgets, increasing work load as more nuclear facilities come on-line,

162

Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale and Retail Fuels (STSWRF)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale and Retail Fuels (STSWRF) Oak Ridge National Laboratory approved ORNL's plan to conduct a Phase II Pilot Test titled Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale

163

Selection of Safeguards for Fuzzified Risk Management in Information Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with the selection of failure transmission, preventive and palliative safeguards that minimize the maximum risk caused by ... the threats, and the effect induced by safeguards, can be valuated us...

Eloy Vicente; Alfonso Mateos…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Code of Conduct for Safeguarding Good Academic Practice and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Code of Conduct for Safeguarding Good Academic Practice and Procedures in Cases of Academic Misconduct Effective from 20 December 2013 This Code of Conduct is based on the Memorandum for Safeguarding

Heiz, Ulrich

165

Abstract 5089: Survivin safeguards chromosome numbers and protects from aneuploidy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...April 5-9, 2014; San Diego, CA Abstract 5089: Survivin safeguards chromosome numbers and protects from aneuploidy Ralf Wiedemuth...Evelin Schroeck, Gabriele Schackert, Achim Temme. Survivin safeguards chromosome numbers and protects from aneuploidy. [abstract...

Ralf Wiedemuth; Barbara Klink; Evelin Schroeck; Gabriele Schackert; Achim Temme

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

The Big Questions For Biodiversity Informatics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of biodiversity information. This emerging field of biodiversity informatics has been growing quickly, but without overarching scientific questions to guide its development; the result has been developments that have no connection to genuine insight and forward...

Peterson, A. Townsend; Knapp, Sandra; Guralnick, Robert P.; Soberó n, Jorge; Holder, Mark T.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Surviving Biodiversity Loss in the Amazon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Surviving Biodiversity Loss in the Amazon You are what you eat, right down to the isotope ratios in your food April 1, 2014 Surviving Biodiversity Loss in the Amazon A Pipra...

168

Safeguards and Dangerguards: A Framework for Unpacking the Black Box of Safeguards for REDD +  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The idea and practice of safeguards – usually expressed as sets of environmental and social principles – have become integral components of the ongoing global policy efforts aimed at mitigating climate change through the mechanism of Reducing Emissions on Deforestation and Degradation (REDD +). Donors, civil societies, business organisations and other different bodies are investing resources on initiatives aimed to propagate different guidelines and principles expected to be adopted, supported and promoted by national governments as safeguards. Yet, there is little research critically examining the different ideas, objectives and understandings embedded in the term and their implications for the purpose for which safeguards are designed for. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the discourse on safeguards by presenting REDD + Safeguard Spectrum, a framework which can be used to unpack the many faces of REDD + safeguards to guide their application and operationalization at national and local levels. Focusing largely on the social goals espoused under REDD +, the paper characterises social safeguards of REDD + into four categories—preventive, mitigative promotive and transformative.

Albert Abraham Arhin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Measuring uncertainty in estimates of biodiversity loss: The example of biodiversity intactness variance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of practical indices to monitor rates of biodiversity change in terrestrial, aquatic, and marine ecosystemsMeasuring uncertainty in estimates of biodiversity loss: The example of biodiversity intactness online 17 March 2008 Keywords: Biodiversity Indicator Uncertainty Variance A B S T R A C T Developing

Jackson, Robert B.

170

Documenting Belize marine biodiversity, Palomares and Pauly78 DOCUMENTING THE MARINE BIODIVERSITY OF BELIZE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Documenting Belize marine biodiversity, Palomares and Pauly78 DOCUMENTING THE MARINE BIODIVERSITY on the marine biodiversity of Belize, including well over 1,000 scientific papers and other documents available not only allow for a near complete inventory of the marine biodiversity of Belize (especially if completed

Pauly, Daniel

171

Nuclear Materials Safeguards and Security Upgrade Project Completed...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Safeguards and Security Upgrade Project Completed Under Budget | National Nuclear Security Administration People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering...

172

Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Safeguards and Security- October 2011  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Evaluation to determine whether Safeguards and Security is continuing to perform at a level deserving DOE-VPP Star recognition.

173

Integrated international safeguards concepts for fuel reprocessing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is the fourth in a series of efforts by the Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, to identify problems and propose solutions for international safeguarding of light-water reactor spent-fuel reprocessing plants. Problem areas for international safeguards were identified in a previous Problem Statement (LA-7551-MS/SAND79-0108). Accounting concepts that could be verified internationally were presented in a subsequent study (LA-8042). Concepts for containment/surveillance were presented, conceptual designs were developed, and the effectiveness of these designs was evaluated in a companion study (SAND80-0160). The report discusses the coordination of nuclear materials accounting and containment/surveillance concepts in an effort to define an effective integrated safeguards system. The Allied-General Nuclear Services fuels reprocessing plant at Barnwell, South Carolina, was used as the reference facility.

Hakkila, E.A.; Gutmacher, R.G.; Markin, J.T.; Shipley, J.P.; Whitty, W.J.; Camp, A.L.; Cameron, C.P.; Bleck, M.E.; Ellwein, L.B.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Policy Purpose of this Document  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Policy Purpose of this Document This document contains guidelines in university activities or visiting university premises. Author: Students in Classrooms & Safeguarding Children.0 Jamie Marshall January 2014 Added contents Amended e-safety Updated Safeguarding Officer Details Andy

Evans, Paul

175

Boston University Gramm-Leach-Bliley Safeguarding Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Boston University Gramm-Leach-Bliley Safeguarding Program May 2003 Statement of Purpose The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act requires that the University implement a Safeguarding Program to (1) insure the security-Leach-Bliley Act covers the securing and safeguarding of data. Its requirements are additional to those

Xia, Yu "Brandon"

176

China in the World Trade Organization: Antidumping and Safeguards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

China in the World Trade Organization: Antidumping and Safeguards Patrick A. Messerlin China finds itself in a unique situation on antidumping and safeguard issues. It is by far the main target Organization (WTO) accession protocol includes stringent antidumping and safeguard provisions that its trading

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

177

Lifetime-Aware Intrusion Detection under Safeguarding Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lifetime-Aware Intrusion Detection under Safeguarding Constraints Ali Iranli, Hanif Fatemi, Massoud in whereby first the safeguarding constraints are satisfied and then the scheduling problem is solved Detection under Safeguarding constraint (IDS) is the version of the problem that we are interested to extend

Pedram, Massoud

178

Safeguarding Animal Health FEDERAL RULES FOR THE CONTROL OF VHS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safeguarding Animal Health FEDERAL RULES FOR THE CONTROL OF VHS: WHERE ARE WE NOW AND WHERE ARE WE;Safeguarding Animal Health VHS Interim Rule · Interim Rule published September 9, 2008. · Open for comments to be addressed. · On January 2nd, 2009, implementation of the Rule was delayed indefinitely. #12;Safeguarding

179

NIH POLICY MANUAL 1345 -HANDLING AND SAFEGUARDING OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NIH POLICY MANUAL 1345 - HANDLING AND SAFEGUARDING OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES FOR NONHUMAN USE: This Chapter describes NIH policies and procedures for handling and safeguarding controlled substances and Safeguarding of Controlled Substances for Nonhuman Use A. Purpose This policy describes policies and procedures

Bandettini, Peter A.

180

Workshop-based Security Safeguard Selection with AURUM Thomas Neubauer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Workshop-based Security Safeguard Selection with AURUM Thomas Neubauer Vienna University functionality by introducing the AURUM Workshop, which allows the selection of efficient safeguards based approach is used for selecting safeguards. This paper extends the functionality of AURUM by introducing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Forests and biodiversity UK Forestry Standard Guidelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forests and biodiversity UK Forestry Standard Guidelines #12;Key to symbols UKFS Requirements;Forests and biodiversity Forestry Commission: Edinburgh UK Forestry Standard Guidelines #12;© Crown Commission in 2011. ISBN 978-0-85538-831-7 FORESTRY COMMISSION (2011). Forests and Biodiversity. UK Forestry

182

California Urban and Biodiversity Analysis (CURBA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Urban and Biodiversity Analysis (CURBA) Model #12;Presentation Overview · Model Overview and Fragmentation Analysis Modules · Indication of Effects of Policy on Biodiversity Model Overview #12;· Urban on Biodiversity Model Overview #12;Urban Growth Model: Review · Estimate county based urbanization equations: Prob

Clarke, Keith

183

Monitoring change in biodiversity through composite indices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monitoring change in biodiversity through composite indices S.T. Buckland1,*, A.E. Magurran2 , R Zealand The need to monitor trends in biodiversity raises many technical issues. What are the features of a good biodiversity index? How should trends in abundance of individual species be estimated? How should

Buckland, Steve

184

Biodiversity measures revisited Natalia Petrovskaya a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiversity measures revisited Natalia Petrovskaya a , Sergei Petrovskii b,c,*, Bai-Lian Li c, Riverside, CA 92521-0124, USA 1. Introduction Loss of biodiversity in various ecosystems all over the world to recognize the main threats for communities functioning and reasons for biodiversity loss; examples

Petrovskaya, Natalia B.

185

Social and Economic Approaches to Biodiversity Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Social and Economic Approaches to Biodiversity Conservation: An Annotated Bibliography of the interdisciplinary work involved in the valuation of local-level biodiversity in aquaculture and in examining strategies for grass-roots biodiversity conservation. The project was jointly administered by Saint Mary

Charles, Anthony

186

"Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Poverty Reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Poverty Reduction: Is conservation the answer?" Paul van. Most ecosystems will change in the future. 2. Loss of species and biodiversity will continue to happen Energy Demand Urbanisation Climate Change Water Availability Infectious Diseases Biodiversity Loss #12

187

ANU BIODIVERSITY MANAGEMENT ACTON CAMPUS, ACT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANU BIODIVERSITY MANAGEMENT PLAN ACTON CAMPUS, ACT January 2013 #12;ii EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This Australian National University Biodiversity Management Plan (referred to as `the BMP') was prepared by the University in 2011 to fulfil its requirements under the Australian Environment Protection and Biodiversity

188

Contributed Paper Biodiversity Conservation in Local Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contributed Paper Biodiversity Conservation in Local Planning JAMES R. MILLER, MARTHA GROOM-use policy is increasingly being recognized as fundamental to biodiversity conservation in the United States to support the conservation of biodiversity at local scales. Yet little is known about the pervasiveness

Miller, James R.

189

Planning for Biodiversity Conservation Using Stochastic Programming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9 Planning for Biodiversity Conservation Using Stochastic Programming Trevon Fuller,1 David P biol- ogy, biodiversity. 9.1 Introduction Conservation areas are broadly defined as sites administered for the protection of threatened species and other features of biodiversity. However, many conservation ar- eas

Sarkar, Sahotra

190

BL4268 Conservation and Management of Biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BL4268 ­ Conservation and Management of Biodiversity Conservation of biological diversity is one understanding of some of the current issues associated with conservation and biodiversity management. Emphasis decision makers and the general public. Why is biodiversity important? What should be conserved? Alfredo F

Brierley, Andrew

191

BIODIVERSITY Global conservation strategies for two  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIODIVERSITY RESEARCH Global conservation strategies for two clades of snakes: combining taxon biodiversity losses world-wide (Ehrlich, 1994; Pimm et al., 1995). In response to an imminent crisis in biodiversity, several global schemes of prioritization have been developed in recent years, particularly by non

Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel

192

The University of Edinburgh Biodiversity Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

opportunities to conserve and enhance biodiversity. We are committed to actively enhancing and promoting 2004 placed a duty on all public bodies to further the conservation of biodiversity withinThe University of Edinburgh Biodiversity Policy Endorsed by Court 14 May 2012 The University

Swain, Peter

193

New Summer Pilot Course 2013 Biodiversity Informatics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to advanced under- graduates and graduate students interested in biodiversity, conservation biology, dataNew Summer Pilot Course ­ 2013 Biodiversity Informatics (BIO 494 / BIO 598 ­ 2 Credits) June 17 Franz, David Patterson, Ed Gilbert Contact nico.franz@asu.edu for additional information Biodiversity

Franz, Nico M.

194

Alleviating spatial conflict between people and biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

settlements are expanding in species-rich regions and pose a serious threat to biodiversity conservation. We to the conservation implications of where people live. Human settlement patterns impact biodiversity directly (eAlleviating spatial conflict between people and biodiversity Gary W. Luck* , Taylor H. Ricketts

Vermont, University of

195

UF in New Zealand Biodiversity and Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UF in New Zealand Biodiversity and Conservation Summer B: June 30-August 4, 2014 Learn About Ways to Conserve, Manage, and Restore Natural Habitats and to Promote Biodiversity in Urban and Rural Environments and Policymakers, Developers, and the Public, and their Roles in Conserving Biodiversity. Explore the Unique Flora

Jawitz, James W.

196

The Marine Biodiversity and Fisheries Catches of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Marine Biodiversity and Fisheries Catches of the Pitcairn Island Group Palomares, M.L.D., D. Chaitanya, S. Harper, D. Zeller and D. Pauly. 2011. The Marine Biodiversity and Fisheries Catches;#12;THE MARINE BIODIVERSITY AND FISHERIES CATCHES OF THE PITCAIRN ISLAND GROUP M.L.D. Palomares, D

Pauly, Daniel

197

Functional versatility supports coral reef biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Fulton1 and A. S. Hoey1 1 Department of Marine Biology, Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, James CookFunctional versatility supports coral reef biodiversity D. R. Bellwood1,*, P. C. Wainwright2 , C. J of high biodiversity on coral reefs. Keywords: coral reef fishes; specialist; generalist; functional

Wainwright, Peter C.

198

In-Born Radio Frequency Identification Devices for Safeguards Use at Gas-Centrifuge Enrichment Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Global expansion of nuclear power has made the need for improved safeguards measures at Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants (GCEPs) imperative. One technology under consideration for safeguards applications is Radio Frequency Identification Devices (RFIDs). RFIDs have the potential to increase IAEA inspector"s efficiency and effectiveness either by reducing the number of inspection visits necessary or by reducing inspection effort at those visits. This study assesses the use of RFIDs as an integral component of the "Option 4" safeguards approach developed by Bruce Moran, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), for a model GCEP [1]. A previous analysis of RFIDs was conducted by Jae Jo, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), which evaluated the effectiveness of an RFID tag applied by the facility operator [2]. This paper presents a similar evaluation carried out in the framework of Jo’s paper, but it is predicated on the assumption that the RFID tag is applied by the manufacturer at the birth of the cylinder, rather than by the operator. Relevant diversion scenarios are examined to determine if RFIDs increase the effectiveness and/ or efficiency of safeguards in these scenarios. Conclusions on the benefits offered to inspectors by using in-born RFID tagging are presented.

Ward,R.; Rosenthal,M.

2009-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

199

Reactor monitoring and safeguards using antineutrino detectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear reactors have served as the antineutrino source for many fundamental physics experiments. The techniques developed by these experiments make it possible to use these very weakly interacting particles for a practical purpose. The large flux of antineutrinos that leaves a reactor carries information about two quantities of interest for safeguards: the reactor power and fissile inventory. Measurements made with antineutrino detectors could therefore orer an alternative means for verifying the power history and fissile inventory of a reactors, as part of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and other reactor safeguards regimes. Several erorts to develop this monitoring technique are underway across the globe.

N S Bowden

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Allocation of inspection resources for international safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Increasing numbers and complexity of facilities inspected by the International Atomic Energy Agency will require difficult decisions about the levels of safeguards to be assigned to materials and facilities should limitations on inspection resources continue. This paper examines some alternative strategies for assigning inspection effort that could improve effectiveness and efficiency of safeguards compared with current inspection practice. These allocation concepts are: (1) extension of inspection planning to include material strata and accounting areas that encompass multiple facilities and (2) the use of randomization of the quality and frequency of inspections and inspection activities.

Markin, J.T.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Safeguards and Security Program Planning and Management  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The manual establishes program planning and management requirements for the Department’s Safeguards and Security (S&S) Program. Change 2 is a revision to Section M of both the Manual and the CRD to realign the process for establishing deviations from DOE directives containing safeguards and security requirements to reflect established Departmental policy as set forth in DOE O 251.1C. Original publication, 8-26-05; Chg 1, 3-7-06. Canceled by DOE O 470.4B

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

202

Nuclear power and safeguards at a crossroad  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After several decades of existence, both nuclear power for electricity generation and safeguards for assuring non-proliferation undergo a phase of transition, each on its own and to a lesser extent with each other. In many part of the world, nuclear power stagnates and its future seems to be put in question, while in areas with high population densities and strong economic development its use is being expanded. As to safeguards, the discovery of the clandestine weapon programme in Iraq raises questions about its ultimate effectiveness and sets the stage for an in-depth reassessment of the assumptions and methodologies used in the verification system.

Pellaud, B.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

203

Biodiversity Conservation: Challenges Beyond 2010  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...areas can be an effective tool for conserving biodiversity...progress in developing valuation techniques that quantify...visibility achieved by energy and climate change as issues...Vaissiere B. E. , Economic valuation of the vulnerability...Pathways to 2050: Energy and Climate Change...

Michael R. W. Rands; William M. Adams; Leon Bennun; Stuart H. M. Butchart; Andrew Clements; David Coomes; Abigail Entwistle; Ian Hodge; Valerie Kapos; Jörn P. W. Scharlemann; William J. Sutherland; Bhaskar Vira

2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

204

BIODIVERSITY Geographical linkages between threats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIODIVERSITY RESEARCH Geographical linkages between threats and imperilment in freshwater fish and species declines can be the result of different threats or combinations of threats, such as habitat, deter- mining whether the effects of any specific threat is related to the level of imperilment

Kark, Salit

205

FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Safeguards and Security Safeguards and Security FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security A key element for the Department's Technical Qualification Programs is a set of common Functional Area Qualification Standards (FAQS) and associated Job Task Analyses (JTA). These standards are developed for various functional areas of responsibility in the Department, including oversight of safety management programs identified as hazard controls in Documented Safety Analyses (DSA). For each functional area, the FAQS identify the minimum technical competencies and supporting knowledge and skills for a typical qualified individual working in the area. FAQC-SafeguardsandSecurity.docx Description Safeguards and Security Qualification Card More Documents & Publications FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security

206

NNSA Launches Next Generation Safeguards Initiative | National Nuclear  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Next Generation Safeguards Initiative | National Nuclear Next Generation Safeguards Initiative | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > NNSA Launches Next Generation Safeguards Initiative NNSA Launches Next Generation Safeguards Initiative September 09, 2008 Washington, DC NNSA Launches Next Generation Safeguards Initiative

207

International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards after Iraq - some Austrailian perceptions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Iraq`s nuclear weapons development program used facilities and nuclear material separate from its safeguarded activities. To detect such a strategy the IAEA`s safeguards inspectors need access to locations and information beyond that foreseen in NPT safeguards agreements. But the IAEA is short of money. And detecting undeclared activities could be expensive. If the IAEA can establish a capability to detect undeclared activities, then it might be able to save on regular safeguards. But it`s important not to put the cart before the horse - effective safeguards must come first, savings second.

Bardsley, J.; Carlson, J.; Hill, J.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

208

The Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Safeguards and Security | National Nuclear Security Safeguards and Security | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog The Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security Home > About Us > Our Programs > Nonproliferation > Nonproliferation & International Security > The Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security The Office of Nuclear Safeguards and Security

209

Antineutrino reactor safeguards - a case study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Antineutrinos have been proposed as a means of reactor safeguards for more than 30 years and there has been impressive experimental progress in neutrino detection. In this paper we conduct, for the first time, a case study of the application of antineutrino safeguards to a real-world scenario - the North Korean nuclear crisis in 1994. We derive detection limits to a partial or full core discharge in 1989 based on actual IAEA safeguards access and find that two independent methods would have yielded positive evidence for a second core with very high confidence. To generalize our results, we provide detailed estimates for the sensitivity to the plutonium content of various types of reactors, including most types of plutonium production reactors, based on detailed reactor simulations. A key finding of this study is that a wide class of reactors with a thermal power of less than 0.1-1 GWth can be safeguarded achieving IAEA goals for quantitative sensitivity and timeliness with detectors right outside the reactor ...

Christensen, Eric; Jaffke, Patrick

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Advanced Safeguards Approaches for New Fast Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This third report in the series reviews possible safeguards approaches for new fast reactors in general, and the ABR in particular. Fast-neutron spectrum reactors have been used since the early 1960s on an experimental and developmental level, generally with fertile blanket fuels to “breed” nuclear fuel such as plutonium. Whether the reactor is designed to breed plutonium, or transmute and “burn” actinides depends mainly on the design of the reactor neutron reflector and the whether the blanket fuel is “fertile” or suitable for transmutation. However, the safeguards issues are very similar, since they pertain mainly to the receipt, shipment and storage of fresh and spent plutonium and actinide-bearing “TRU”-fuel. For these reasons, the design of existing fast reactors and details concerning how they have been safeguarded were studied in developing advanced safeguards approaches for the new fast reactors. In this regard, the design of the Experimental Breeder Reactor-II “EBR-II” at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) was of interest, because it was designed as a collocated fast reactor with a pyrometallurgical reprocessing and fuel fabrication line – a design option being considered for the ABR. Similarly, the design of the Fast Flux Facility (FFTF) on the Hanford Site was studied, because it was a successful prototype fast reactor that ran for two decades to evaluate fuels and the design for commercial-scale fast reactors.

Durst, Philip C.; Therios, Ike; Bean, Robert; Dougan, A.; Boyer, Brian; Wallace, Rick L.; Ehinger, Michael H.; Kovacic, Don N.; Tolk, K.

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

211

IBM Software Solution Brief Safeguarding the cloud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IBM Software Solution Brief Safeguarding the cloud with IBM Security solutions Maintain visibility and control with proven security solutions for public, private and hybrid clouds Highlights Address cloud internal and external users, data, applications and workloads as they move to and from the cloud Regain

212

The Federal Endangered Species Act: Is Judicial Review Available to Safeguard against Agency Decisions Not To Enforce?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review Available to Safeguard Against Agency Decisions NotUnlike persons who can safeguard their own rights throughupon judicial review as a safeguard against irrational and

Pham, Brandon L.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Overview of the Facility Safeguardability Analysis (FSA) Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The safeguards system of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) provides the international community with credible assurance that a State is fulfilling its nonproliferation obligations. The IAEA draws such conclusions from the evaluation of all available information. Effective and cost-efficient IAEA safeguards at the facility level are, and will remain, an important element of this “State-level” approach. Efficiently used, the Safeguards by Design (SBD) methodologies , , , now being developed can contribute to effective and cost-efficient facility-level safeguards. The Facility Safeguardability Assessment (FSA) introduced here supports SBD in three areas. 1. It describes necessary interactions between the IAEA, the State regulator, and the owner / designer of a new or modified facility to determine where SBD efforts can be productively applied, 2. It presents a screening approach intended to identify potential safeguard issues for; a) design changes to existing facilities; b) new facilities similar to existing facilities with approved safeguards approaches, and c) new designs, 3. It identifies resources (the FSA toolkit), such as good practice guides, design guidance, and safeguardability evaluation methods that can be used by the owner/designer to develop solutions for potential safeguards issues during the interactions with the State regulator and IAEA. FSA presents a structured framework for the application of the SBD tools developed in other efforts. The more a design evolves, the greater the probability that new safeguards issues could be introduced. Likewise, for first-of-a-kind facilities or research facilities that involve previously unused processes or technologies, it is reasonable to expect that a number of possible safeguards issues might exist. Accordingly, FSA is intended to help the designer and its safeguards experts identify early in the design process: • Areas where elements of previous accepted safeguards approach(es) may be applied to facility modifications or new designs • Modifications of the design that could mitigate a potential safeguards issue or facilitate a more efficient application of the safeguards approach • Possible innovative ideas for more efficient application of safeguards • The potential for changes in elements of the safeguard approach that may be required by IAEA as a result of facility design features and characteristics • Other potential concerns These issues will then be presented to the IAEA and the state regulator to be resolved in a timely manner, ensuring that the planned safeguards approach is acceptable and compatible with the facility design. The proposed approach should be validated by application to suitable facilities to assess its utility, comprehensiveness, and cost-effectiveness. The approach and example application should also be reviewed by industry to confirm the conclusions reached in the DOE review.

Bari, Robert A.; Hockert, John; Wonder, Edward F.; Johnson, Shirley J.; Wigeland, Roald; Zentner, Michael D.

2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

214

The new geospatial tools: global transparency enhancing safeguards verification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the importance and potential role of the new, freely available, geospatial tools for enhancing IAEA safeguards and how, together with commercial satellite imagery, they can be used to promote 'all-source synergy'. As additional 'open sources', these new geospatial tools have heralded a new era of 'global transparency' and they can be used to substantially augment existing information-driven safeguards gathering techniques, procedures, and analyses in the remote detection of undeclared facilities, as well as support ongoing monitoring and verification of various treaty (e.g., NPT, FMCT) relevant activities and programs. As an illustration of how these new geospatial tools may be applied, an original exemplar case study provides how it is possible to derive value-added follow-up information on some recent public media reporting of a former clandestine underground plutonium production complex (now being converted to a 'Tourist Attraction' given the site's abandonment by China in the early 1980s). That open source media reporting, when combined with subsequent commentary found in various Internet-based Blogs and Wikis, led to independent verification of the reporting with additional ground truth via 'crowdsourcing' (tourist photos as found on 'social networking' venues like Google Earth's Panoramio layer and Twitter). Confirmation of the precise geospatial location of the site (along with a more complete facility characterization incorporating 3-D Modeling and visualization) was only made possible following the acquisition of higher resolution commercial satellite imagery that could be correlated with the reporting, ground photos, and an interior diagram, through original imagery analysis of the overhead imagery.

Pabian, Frank Vincent [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

215

The World Conference on Marine Biodiversity: current global trends in marine biodiversity research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper contains an analysis of the communications presented at the World Conference on Marine Biodiversity in Valencia, Spain, November 2008. Our ... was to determine the current global trends in marine biodiversity

Patricia Miloslavich; Eduardo Klein

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Implementation of Safeguards and Security Policy Panels  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5,2008 5,2008 MEMORANDUM FOR DISTRIBUTION FROM URITY OFFICER AND SECURITY SUBJECT: Implementation of Safeguards and Security Policy Panels The Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) recognizes the importance of well- conceived strategies and policies to support and communicate the security posture of the Department. In order for our security policies to properly reflect and enable Department of Energy corporate strategies, early and frequent communication between policy makers and end users is essential. As outlined in the attached HSS memo, dated December 3,2007, subject: Safeguards and Security Policy Panels, the HSS Office of Security Policy is establishing several new policy panels that will create new opportunities for communication and will include those

217

Safeguards and Security and Cyber Security RM  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Safeguards and Security and Safeguards and Security and Cyber Security Review Module March 2010 CD- -0 OFFICE O S CD-1 OF ENVIRO Standard Safeguar and Cy Rev Critical D CD-2 M ONMENTA Review Pla rds and S yber Secu view Modul Decision (CD CD March 2010 AL MANAG an (SRP) Security urity le D) Applicabili D-3 GEMENT ity CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-

218

Disability rights: the need for safeguard  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Persons with disabilities have since suffered so much violation of their human rights due to various reasons one of which is the tardy response of the Nigerian federal legislature in enacting a disability law. These most vulnerable groups are currently exposed to frequent abuses from different quarters because of the absence of a specific legal framework to safeguard their human rights. The Nigerian constitution which is the only domestic law guaranteeing its citizens' fundamental rights is however limited in scope as it does not address disability rights specifically. Considering the above, this paper will take an in-depth look at the common forms of violations or barriers faced by disabled persons in the society and the grave effect of such violations. Practicable and concrete recommendations that will help safeguard the inherent dignity of these vulnerable groups will then be proffered.

Barnabas Chinaedu Diala

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT ON THE DUPIC SAFEGUARDS SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A safeguards system has been developed since 1993 in the course of supporting a fuel cycle process to fabricate CANDU fuel with spent PWR fuel (known as Direct Use of PWR spent fuel In CANDU, DUPIC). The major safeguards technology involved here was to design and fabricate a neutron coincidence counting system for process accountability, and also an unattended continuous monitoring system in association with independent verification by the IAEA. This combined technology was to produce information of nuclear material content and to maintain knowledge of the continuity of nuclear material flow. In addition to hardware development, diagnosis software is being developed to assist data acquisition, data review, and data evaluation based on a neural network system on the IAEA C/S system.

H. KIM; H. CHA; ET AL

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

ESM 595TT: Biodiversity in Forest and Ocean Ecosystems (2 units) Dimensions of Biodiversity Distributed Graduate Seminar (DBDGS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESM 595TT: Biodiversity in Forest and Ocean Ecosystems (2 units) Dimensions of Biodiversity, and taxonomic) of biodiversity and create fundamental advances within biodiversity science. The innovative on the relationship between biodiversity and environmental or anthropogenic drivers and/or the relationship between

California at Santa Barbara, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Safeguarding Children — Pediatric Research on Medical Countermeasures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...children from unnecessary risks. Medical countermeasure research warrants an ongoing national conversation to ensure an unwavering commitment to safeguard all children both from unacceptable risks in research and through research promoting their health and well-being. The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues has concluded that before pediatric trials of anthrax vaccine can be considered in the absence of an outbreak or attack, further steps must be taken, including additional research in adults, to reduce risks to participating children.

Gutmann A.

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

222

Biodiversity measurement, species interactions and sustainability.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Throughout the last two decades, biodiversity has been increasingly acknowledged as a valuable asset. However there are numerous challenges to managing the asset. Firstly, there… (more)

Gerber, Nicolas

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Integrating conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The loss of biodiversity is recognised as a tremendous threat to ecosystems, but its maintenance is challenging. One important issue is seen as decisive… (more)

Solbrig, Franziska

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Poverty and biodiversity: Measuring the overlap of human poverty and the biodiversity hotspots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to prioritize conservation efforts, scientists have developed the concept of biodiversity hotspots. Since most such as development, poverty eradication, and biodiversity conservation need to be addressed not as individual the interconnectivity of global biodiversity conservation priorities with human poverty issues. These issues represent

Vermont, University of

225

ORIGINS OF MARINE PATTERNS OF BIODIVERSITY: SOME CORRELATES AND APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINS OF MARINE PATTERNS OF BIODIVERSITY: SOME CORRELATES AND APPLICATIONS by JAMES W. VALENTINE1, Brachiopoda, latitudinal diversity gradient, Neogene, provincial biodiversity. Many of the factors responsible for major biodiversity patterns are still unresolved, and thus macroecological and evolutionary theory

Boyce, C. Kevin

226

Biodiversity in Inland Waters --Priorities for its Protection and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Biodiversity Conservation in Freshwaters - brought together scientists, policy makers and managers to exchange ideas on the issues and challenges confronting the conservation of freshwater biodiversity in Australia in freshwater systems. Biodiversity conservation has received significant attention over the past decade

Canberra, University of

227

Remote Sensing for Biodiversity Conservation of the Albertine Rift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

183 10 Remote Sensing for Biodiversity Conservation of the Albertine Rift in Eastern Africa Samuel of biodiversity conservation is understanding how environmental factors influence species abundance 2003). The rapidly developing field of remote sensing has been invaluable to biodiversity conservation

Wang, Y.Q. "Yeqiao"

228

Community Markets for Conservation (COMACO) links biodiversity conservation with sustainable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Community Markets for Conservation (COMACO) links biodiversity conservation with sustainable linked challenges to rural development and biodiversity conservation. Both household coping strategies, business-oriented model for poverty alleviation, food production, and biodiversity conservation

Lehmann, Johannes

229

ECOLOGICAL DIVERSITY AND BIODIVERSITY AS CONCEPTS FOR CONSERVATION PLANNING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECOLOGICAL DIVERSITY AND BIODIVERSITY AS CONCEPTS FOR CONSERVATION PLANNING: COMMENTS ON RICOTTA Sahotra Sarkar Biodiversity and Biocultural Conservation Laboratory, Section of Integrative Biology of measures of biodiversity which can be used for systematic conservation planning. Moreover, these measures

Sarkar, Sahotra

230

Habitat structure mediates biodiversity effects on ecosystem properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...between the environment, biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in the marine benthos [3,36...and M. Solan 2010 Marine biodiversity-ecosystem functions...idiosyncratic effects of biodiversity in marine ecosystems. Nature...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Quantifying temporal change in biodiversity: challenges and opportunities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of Botany and Biodiversity Research Centre...Palaiseau, France 13 Marine Spatial Ecology...evolution and marine biodiversity. Science 334...of Botany and Biodiversity Research Centre...Palaiseau, France, Marine Spatial Ecology...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Temporal biodiversity change in transformed landscapes: a southern African perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...experienced substantial biodiversity change. This is true of both marine and terrestrial...Vulnerability of marine biodiversity to ocean acidification...experienced substantial biodiversity change. This is true of both marine and terrestrial...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

The biodiversity of the deep Southern Ocean benthos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...S8), Ghent, Belgium 4 Marine Biodiversity, Department of Biology...J, Klages, MAntarctic marine biodiversity: an overview. In Antarctic...taxonomic diversity gradients. In Marine biodiversity: patterns and processes Ormond...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

What Structures Marine Biodiversity and why does it vary?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marine ecological biodiversity research is a scientific field with few ... was a consequence of the general feeling that marine biodiversity is far less threatened than terrestrial biodiversity. This view is not ...

C. Heip

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Marine biodiversity–ecosystem functions under uncertain environmental futures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Montoya and Dave Raffaelli Marine biodiversity-ecosystem functions under...dredging-implications for marine biodiversity. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst...in this Data Supplement: Marine biodiversity-ecosystem processes under...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Information Technology Requirement NASA Rules and Consequences Policy Relative to Safeguarding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information Technology Requirement NASA Rules and Consequences Policy Relative to Safeguarding Rules and Consequences Policy Relative to Safeguarding Personally Identifiable Information (PII) 1 procedures for handling PII are trained and are compliant with policies and procedures for safeguarding PII

Christian, Eric

237

FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Safeguards and Security General Safeguards and Security General Technical Base FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base A key element for the Department's Technical Qualification Programs is a set of common Functional Area Qualification Standards (FAQS) and associated Job Task Analyses (JTA). These standards are developed for various functional areas of responsibility in the Department, including oversight of safety management programs identified as hazard controls in Documented Safety Analyses (DSA). For each functional area, the FAQS identify the minimum technical competencies and supporting knowledge and skills for a typical qualified individual working in the area. FAQC-SafeguardsandSecurityGTB.docx Description Safeguards and Security General Technical Base Qualification Card

238

Comprehensive safeguards evaluation methods and societal risk analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Essential capabilities of an integrated evaluation methodology for analyzing safeguards systems are discussed. Such a methodology must be conceptually meaningful, technically defensible, discriminating and consistent. A decompostion of safeguards systems by function is mentioned as a possible starting point for methodology development. The application of a societal risk equation to safeguards systems analysis is addressed. Conceptual problems with this approach are discussed. Technical difficulties in applying this equation to safeguards systems are illustrated through the use of confidence intervals, information content, hypothesis testing and ranking and selection procedures.

Richardson, J.M.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Safeguards and Security for Program and Project Management  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Guide provides a methodology for implementing the safeguards and security requirements of DOE O 413.3B. Cancels DOE G 413.3-3.

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

240

FAQS Reference Guide – Safeguards and Security General Technical Base  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the July 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1123-2009, Safeguards and Security General Technical Base Qualification Standard.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

MEMORANDUM FOR KARL E. GOODWIN DIRECTOR SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 April9 2010 MEMORANDUM FOR KARL E. GOODWIN DIRECTOR SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY * FROM: . INES R. TRIAY ) ASSISTANTSECRETARYFOR -(:r"' ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SUBJECT:...

242

Voluntary Protection Program Onsite Review, Safeguards and Security- August 2012  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Evaluation to determine whether Safeguards and Security at Hanford is continuing to perform at a level deserving DOE-VPP Star recognition.

243

Safeguards and Security for Program and Project Management -...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3A, Safeguards and Security for Program and Project Management by Ruben Sanchez Functional areas: Program Management, Property Management, Safety and Security The Guide provides a...

244

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Security FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification Standards. The FAQS Job Task Analyses consists of:...

245

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security General Technical...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Security General Technical Base FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base FAQS Job Task Analyses are performed on the Function Area Qualification...

246

Mission Support Alliance LLC Safeguards and Security Hanford...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Mission Support Alliance, LLC Safeguards and Security Department of Energy Voluntary Protection Program Merit Review August 23, 2012 Background: Located in Richland, Washington,...

247

Biodiversity of Harmful Marine Algae  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are characterized by proliferation of algae, causing harmful effects to aquatic ecosystems or to human health. High taxonomic diversity and multiple phylogenetic origins complicate identification of common ecological and evolutionary strategies and thus predictions on global change consequences. Variation estimates revealed unexpectedly high genetic heterogeneity among HAB populations. Molecular fingerprinting of gene frequency and expression patterns can identify species invasions and global distributional shifts. Variation within populations must also be evaluated over seasonal and annual time scales. Such studies are essential to define and understand processes regulating HAB biodiversity and explain the linkages to ecosystem functionality.

Linda K. Medlin; Allan D. Cembella

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

A Biodiversity Scorecard for Colorado Colorado Natural Heritage Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Biodiversity Scorecard for Colorado Colorado Natural Heritage Program and The Nature Conservancy Conservancy. 2008. A Biodiversity Scorecard for Colorado. Colorado Natural Heritage Program, Colorado State

249

Biodiversity, Species Interactions and Ecological Networks in a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiversity, Species Interactions and Ecological Networks in a Fragmented World Melanie Hagen*, W 172 10. Conclusions 175 Acknowledgements 177 Appendix 177 References 181 Abstract Biodiversity

de Aguiar, Marcus A. M.

250

Farmland biodiversity - in the hands and minds of farmers.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Recent declines in farmland biodiversity have been attributed to agricultural intensification. Organic farming and other Agri-Environmental Schemes have been implemented to counter the biodiversity decline.… (more)

Ahnström, Johan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Optimal forest management for carbon sequestration and biodiversity maintenance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Managing planted forests for carbon sequestration and biodiversity maintenance has become increasingly important in times of rapid climate change and the loss of biodiversity worldwide.… (more)

Nghiem, Thi Hong Nhung

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

A SAFEGUARDED DUAL WEIGHTED RESIDUAL METHOD RICARDO H. NOCHETTO, ANDREAS VEESER, AND MARCO VERANI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A SAFEGUARDED DUAL WEIGHTED RESIDUAL METHOD RICARDO H. NOCHETTO, ANDREAS VEESER, AND MARCO VERANI safeguarded by additional asymptotically higher order a posteriori terms. In particular, the enhanced

Nochetto, Ricardo H.

253

MEIOFAUNA MARINA Biodiversity, morphology and ecology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEIOFAUNA MARINA Biodiversity, morphology and ecology of small benthic organisms 17 pfeil #12;MEIOFAUNA MARINA Biodiversity, morphology and ecology of small benthic organisms Volume 17·March 2009 pages-3937 E-mail: andreas.schmidt-rhaesa@uni-hamburg.de Pedro Martinez Arbízu Deutsches Zentrum für Marine

Ivanenko, Viatcheslav N.

254

Hopping Hotspots: Global Shifts in Marine Biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hopping Hotspots: Global Shifts in Marine Biodiversity W. Renema,1,4 * D. R. Bellwood,2 J. C. Braga species diversity are a prominent feature of modern global biodiversity patterns. Fossil and molecular evidence is starting to reveal the history of these hotspots. There have been at least three marine

Bermingham, Eldredge

255

Targets and indicators for gene level biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Targets and indicators for gene level biodiversity Resilience and future adaptation in forests, inland waters and marine environments depend on genetic variation Welcome to the Side-event on Lunch.weibull@naturvardsverket.se BaltGene­BalticSeaGeneticBiodiversity www.tmbl.gu.se:16080/baltgene GeneticMonitoring http

256

The future of IAEA safeguards: challenges and responses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For nearly two decades, the International Atomic Energy Agency (lAEA) has been transforming its safeguards system to address the challenges posed by undeclared nuclear programs, the associated revelation of an extensive non-State nuclear procurement network and other issues, including past limits to its verification mandate and the burden of noncompliance issues. Implementing the new measures, including those in the Additional Protocol, and integrating new and old safeguards measures, remains a work in progress. Implementation is complicated by factors including the limited teclmological tools that are available to address such issues as safeguarding bulk handling facilities, detection of undeclared facilities/activities, especially related to enrichment, etc. As this process continues, new challenges are arising, including the demands of expanding nuclear power production worldwide, so-called safeguards by design for a new generation of facilities, the possible IAEA role in a fissile material cutoff treaty and other elements of the arms control and disarmament agenda, the possible role in 'rollback' cases, etc. There is no doubt safeguards will need to evolve in the future, as they have over the last decades. In order for the evolutionary path to proceed, there will inter alia be a need to identify technological gaps, especially with respect to undeclared facilities, and ensure they are filled by adapting old safeguards technologies, by developing and introducing new and novel safeguards teclmologies and/or by developing new procedures and protocols. Safeguards will also need to respond to anticipated emerging threats and to future, unanticipated threats. This will require strategic planning and cooperation among Member States and with the Agency. This paper will address challenges to IAEA safeguards and the technological possibilities and R&D strategies needed to meet those challenges in the context of the forty-year evolution of safeguards, including the ongoing transformation of safeguards by the Agency.

Pilat, Joseph F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Budlong - Sylvester, Kory W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

The origins of tropical marine biodiversity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent phylogeographic studies have overturned three paradigms for the origins of marine biodiversity. (i) Physical (allopatric) isolation is not the sole avenue for marine speciation: many species diverge along ecological boundaries. (ii) Peripheral habitats such as oceanic archipelagos are not evolutionary graveyards: these regions can export biodiversity. (iii) Speciation in marine and terrestrial ecosystems follow similar processes but are not the same: opportunities for allopatric isolation are fewer in the oceans, leaving greater opportunity for speciation along ecological boundaries. Biodiversity hotspots such as the Caribbean Sea and the Indo-Pacific Coral Triangle produce and export species, but can also accumulate biodiversity produced in peripheral habitats. Both hotspots and peripheral ecosystems benefit from this exchange in a process dubbed biodiversity feedback.

Brian W. Bowen; Luiz A. Rocha; Robert J. Toonen; Stephen A. Karl

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Nexus of technologies : international safeguards, physical protection and arms control.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New technologies have been, and are continuing to be, developed for Safeguards, Arms Control, and Physical Protection. Application spaces and technical requirements are evolving - Overlaps are developing. Lessons learned from IAEA's extensive experience could benefit other communities. Technologies developed for other applications may benefit Safeguards - Inherent cost benefits and improvements in procurement security processes.

Jordan, Sabina Erteza; Blair, Dianna Sue; Smartt, Heidi Anne

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

International Gathering Plans Ways To Safeguard Atmospheric Ozone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

International Gathering Plans Ways To Safeguard Atmospheric Ozone ... Everyone's for it, as was evidenced in Helsinki recently where senior government officials from more than 80 countries, together with delegates representing many interested groups and organizations, attended a week-long meeting to seek ways of safeguarding it. ...

DERMOT A. O'SULLIVAN

1989-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

260

Safeguards and security status report, August 1981-January 1982  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From August 1981 through January 1982, the Los Alamos Safeguards and Security Program was involved in many activities that are described in the four parts of this report: Nuclear Facility Safeguards Support, Security Development and Support, Safeguards Technology Development, and International Support. Part 1 covers those efforts of direct assistance to the Department of Energy and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission licensee facilities. This assistance varies from consultation on materials accounting problems, through development of specialized techniques and devices, to comprehensive participation in the design and implementation of advanced safeguards systems. In addition, a series of training courses in various aspects of safeguards helps make the technology more accessible to those who must apply it. Part 2 concerns a relatively new set of activities at Los Alamos aimed at the security of information and computer systems. The focus this period has been on furthering the development of the Computer Security Center, which provides the basis for encouraging and disseminating the emerging technology. Part 3 describes the development efforts that are essential to continued improvements in the practice of safeguards. Although these projects are properly classified as developmental, in every case they are directed ultimately at recognized problems that commonly occur in operating facilities. Finally, Part 4 covers international safeguards activities, including both support to the International Atomic Energy Agency and bilateral exchanges. In addition, enrichment plant safeguards, especially those concerning the Gaseous Centrifuge Enrichment Plant, required a significant portion of our resources. These efforts are beginning to provide substantial returns on our investment in technology transfer.

Shipley, J.P. (comp.)

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

ORO Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System and Visitor  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System and Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System and Visitor Control System PIA, Oak Ridge Operations Office ORO Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System and Visitor Control System PIA, Oak Ridge Operations Office ORO Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System and Visitor Control System PIA, Oak Ridge Operations Office ORO Office Safeguards and Security Clearance Tracking System and Visitor Control System PIA, Oak Ridge Operations Office More Documents & Publications Occupational Medicine - Assistant PIA, Idaho National Laboratory ORO Verification of Employment Tracking System(VETS) PIA, Oak ridge Operations Office iManage Strategic Integrated Procurement Enterprise System (STRIPES) PIA, Office of Procurement and Assistance Management

262

Safeguards and nonproliferation aspects of a dry fuel recycling technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory undertook an independent assessment of the proliferation potentials and safeguardability of a dry fuel recycling technology, whereby spent pressurized-water reactor (PWR) fuels are used to fuel canadian deuterium uranium (CANDU) reactors. Objectives of this study included (1) the evaluation of presently available technologies that may be useful to safeguard technology options for dry fuel recycling (2) and identification of near-term and long-term research needs to develop process-specific safeguards requirements. The primary conclusion of this assessment is that like all other fuel cycle alternatives proposed in the past, the dry fuel recycle entails prolfferation risks and that there are no absolute technical fixes to eliminate such risks. This study further concludes that the proliferation risks of dry fuel recycling options are relatively minimal and presently known safeguards systems and technologies can be modified and/or adapted to meet the requirements of safeguarding such fuel recycle facilities.

Pillay, K.K.S.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Safeguards and security progress report, January-December 1985  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From January to December 1985, the Los Alamos Safeguards and Security Program was involved in the activities described in the first four parts of this report: Safeguards Operations, Security Development and Support, Safeguards Technology Development, and International Support. Part 1 covers efforts of direct assistance to the Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission licensee facilities. This assistance includes consultation on materials accounting problems, development and demonstration of specialized techniques and instruments, and comprehensive participation in the design and evaluation of advanced safeguards systems. In addition, a series of training courses in various aspects of safeguards makes the technology more accessible to those who must apply it. Part 2 treats activities aimed at the security of information and computer systems. Our focus this period was on continuing the activities of the Center for Computer Security, which provides the basis for encouraging and disseminating this emerging technology, and on the development and demonstration of secure computer systems. Part 3 describes the broad development efforts essential to continuing improvements in the practice of safeguards. Although these projects are properly classified as developmental, they address recognized problems that commonly occur in operating facilities. Finally, Part 4 covers international safeguards activities, including both support to the International Atomic Energy Agency and bilateral exchanges. Enrichment plant safeguards and international safeguards for reprocessing plants required a significant portion of our resources. All of these efforts are beginning to provide substantial returns on our investment in technology transfer, not only in raising the level of safeguards effectiveness but also in our benefiting from field experiences in operating environments.

Not Available

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

A colalborative environment for information driven safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For two decades, the IAEA has recognized the need for a comprehensive and strongly integrated Knowledge Management system to support its Information Driven Safeguards activities. In the past, plans for the development of such a system have progressed slowly due to concerns over costs and feasibility. In recent years, Los Alamos National Laboratory has developed a knowledge management system that could serve as the basis for an IAEA Collaborative Environment (ICE). The ICE derivative knowledge management system described in this paper addresses the challenge of living in an era of information overload coupled with certain knowledge shortfalls. The paper describes and defines a system that is flexible, yet ensures coordinated and focused collaboration, broad data evaluation capabilities, architected and organized work flows, and improved communications. The paper and demonstration of ICE will utilize a hypothetical scenario to highlight the functional features that facilitate collaboration amongst and between information analysts and inspectors. The scenario will place these two groups into a simulated planning exercise for a safeguards inspection drawing upon past data acquisitions, inspection reports, analyst conclusions, and a coordinated walk-through of a 3-D model of the facility. Subsequent to the conduct of the simulated facility inspection, the detection of an anomaly and pursuit of follow up activities will illustrate the event notification, information sharing, and collaborative capabilities of the system. The use of a collaborative environment such as ICE to fulfill the complicated knowledge management demands of the Agency and facilitate the completion of annual State Evaluation Reports will also be addressed.

Scott, Mark R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Michel, Kelly D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

265

Electrochemically Modulated Separation for Plutonium Safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurate and timely analysis of plutonium in spent nuclear fuel is critical in nuclear safeguards for detection of both protracted and rapid plutonium diversions. Gamma spectroscopy is a viable method for accurate and timely measurements of plutonium provided that the plutonium is well separated from the interfering fission and activation products present in spent nuclear fuel. Electrochemically modulated separation (EMS) is a method that has been used successfully to isolate picogram amounts of Pu from nitric acid matrices. With EMS, Pu adsorption may be turned "on" and "off" depending on the applied voltage, allowing for collection and stripping of Pu without the addition of chemical reagents. In this work, we have scaled up the EMS process to isolate microgram quantities of Pu from matrices encountered in spent nuclear fuel during reprocessing. Several challenges have been addressed including surface area limitations, radiolysis effects, electrochemical cell performance stability, and chemical interferences. After these challenges were resolved, 6 µg Pu was deposited in the electrochemical cell with approximately an 800-fold reduction of fission and activation product levels from a spent nuclear fuel sample. Modeling showed that these levels of Pu collection and interference reduction may not be sufficient for Pu detection by gamma spectroscopy. The main remaining challenges are to achieve a more complete Pu isolation and to deposit larger quantities of Pu for successful gamma analysis of Pu. If gamma analyses of Pu are successful, EMS will allow for accurate and timely on-site analysis for enhanced Pu safeguards.

Pratt, Sandra H.; Breshears, Andrew T.; Arrigo, Leah M.; Schwantes, Jon M.; Duckworth, Douglas C.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

266

Motivations for Conserving Urban Biodiversity DONALD C. DEARBORN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Essay Motivations for Conserving Urban Biodiversity DONALD C. DEARBORN AND SALIT KARK Department, the fundamental value of conserving urban biodiversity re- mains controversial. How much of a fixed budget should seven possible motivations for urban biodiversity conservation: preserving local biodiversity, creating

Kark, Salit

267

Climate change, scenarios and marine biodiversity conservation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper explores the utility of qualitative scenario approaches to examine the potential impacts of climate change on marine biodiversity conservation on the east coast of Australia. This region is large and diverse, with considerable variation in marine biodiversity and, concomitantly, considerable diversity in the likely impacts from climate change. The results reinforce a number of key points. Engaging with stakeholders in scenario planning provides not only a focus to discuss the future in a disciplined way, but also provides ongoing reference points for contemporary decision making and planning. The paper illustrates how qualitative scenario planning provides opportunities to address the challenges of marine biodiversity conservation in a changing environment.

Marcus Haward; Julie Davidson; Michael Lockwood; Marc Hockings; Lorne Kriwoken; Robyn Allchin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Climate, Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate, Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards Climate, Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards Agency/Company /Organization: The Climate Community and Biodiversity Alliance Sector: Land Topics: Implementation, Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.climate-standards.org/standards/pdf/ccb_standards_second_edition_d Climate Community and Biodiversity Project Design Standards Screenshot References: Biodiversity Standards[1] "The CCB Standards have become the most widely used and respected international standard for the multiple-benefits of land-based carbon projects." References ↑ "Biodiversity Standards"

269

Your biodiversity in my backyard : key local stakeholders' perceptions of biodiversity conservation in Gorontalo, Indonesia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The establishment of protected areas (PAs) has been the key national strategy in biodiversity conservation, through preserving the unique wildlife and ecosystems in Indonesia. As… (more)

Kartikasari, Sri Nurani

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Emerging forest regimes and livelihoods in the Tano Offin Forest Reserve, Ghana: Implications for social safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Greater attention for law enforcement resulting from new forest governance initiatives may make livelihoods of people living in or near protected areas in the tropics more vulnerable due to restricted access and competing claims. This paper aims to provide a deeper insight into the livelihoods of inhabitants of the Tano Offin Globally Significant Biodiversity Area (GSBA) in Ghana's high forest zone and how these are becoming under greater pressure. It assesses the governance implications of the implementation of the Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) under the Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Action Plan of the European Union and projects within the framework of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation plus (REDD +), with a focus on the need for social safeguards. The study shows that the inhabitants of admitted villages in \\{GSBAs\\} already have few legal livelihood options due to restricted access to the forest, which results in competing claims among resource users and with forest managers. Stronger law enforcement resulting from the FLEGT/VPA to combat illegal logging and the Ghana Forestry Commission's consideration to include \\{GSBAs\\} in its REDD+ programme is likely to further restrict inhabitants' access to forest resources, with the result being increasing competition for scarce resources. Social safeguards therefore need serious consideration when implementing new forest governance regimes. The authors argue that the politics of protected areas need to reconsider the position of the inhabitants by creating space to build a livelihood, paying them for taking care of nature or relocating them beyond the protected area. This might involve hard choices. What eventually is needed is a change towards interactive governance and adaptive co-management.

Mercy Derkyi; Mirjam A.F. Ros-Tonen; Boateng Kyereh; Ton Dietz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Safeguards and security progress report, January-December 1984  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From January to December 1984, the Los Alamos Safeguards and Security Program was involved in the activities described in the first four parts of this report: Nuclear Facility Support, Security Development and Support, Safeguards Technology Development, and International Safeguards. Part 1 covers efforts of direct assistance to the Department of Energy (DOE) and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) licensee facilities. Part 2 treats activities aimed at the security of information and computer systems. was Part 3 describes the broad development efforts essential to continuing improvements in the practice of safeguards. Although these projects are properly classified as developmental, they address recognized problems that commonly occur in operating facilities. Finally, Part 4 covers international safeguards activities, including both support to the International Atomic Energy Agency and bilateral exchanges. Enrichment plant safeguards, especially those concerning the Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant, required a significant portion of our resources. These efforts are beginning to provide substantial returns on our investment in technology transfer, not only in raising the level of safeguards effectiveness but also in benefiting from field experiences in operating environments.

Smith, D.B. (comp.)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

The European Safeguards Research and Development Association Addresses Safeguards and Nonproliferation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The renaissance of efforts to expand the use of nuclear energy requires the parallel development of a renewed and more sophisticated work force. Growth in the nuclear sector with high standard of safety, safeguards and security requires skilled staff for design, operations, inspections etc. High-quality nuclear technology educational programs are diminished from past years, and the ability of universities to attract students and to meet future staffing requirements of the nuclear industry is becoming seriously compromised. Thus, education and training in nuclear engineering and sciences is one of the cornerstones for the nuclear sector. Teaching in the nuclear field still seems strongly influenced by national history but it is time to strengthen resources and collaborate. Moreover with the current nuclear security threats it becomes critical that nuclear technology experts master the basic principles not only of safety, but also of nuclear safeguards, nonproliferation and nuclear security. In Europe the European Nuclear Education Network (ENEN) Association has established the certificate 'European Master of Science in Nuclear Engineering (EMSNE)' as the classic nuclear engineering program covering reactor operation and nuclear safety. However, it does not include courses on nonproliferation, safeguards, or dual-use technologies. The lack of education in nuclear safeguards was tackled by the European Safeguards Research and Development Association (ESARDA), through development and implementation of safeguards course modules. Since 2005 the ESARDA Working Group, called the Training and Knowledge Management Working Group, (TKMWG) has worked with the Joint Research Centre (JRC) in Ispra, Italy to organize a Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation course. This five-day course is held each spring at the JRC, and continues to show increasing interest as evidenced by the positive responses of international lecturers and students. The standard set of lectures covers a broad range of subjects, including nuclear material accountancy principles, legal definitions and the regulatory base and inspection tools and techniques. This 60% core part is given by representatives from regulatory bodies (The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety, Directorate General for Nuclear Energy and Transport), industry (AREVA, British Nuclear Group), and research (Stockholm University, Hamburg University, Joint Research Centre-Institute of Transuranic Elements, and Joint Research Centre-Institute for the Protection of the Citizen). The remaining part is completed with topical lectures addressed by invited lecturers, such as from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the IAEA addressing topics of physical protection, illicit trafficking, the Iraq case study, exercises, including satellite imagery interpretation etc. With this structure of a stable core plus a variable set of invited lectures, the course will remain sustainable and up-to-date. A syllabus provides the students a homogeneous set of information material in nuclear safeguards and nonproliferation matters at the European and international level. In this way, the ESARDA TKMWG aims to contribute to a two-fold scientific-technical and political-juridical education and training.

Janssens-Maenhout, Greet; Kusumi, R.; Daures, Pascal A.; Janssens, Willem; Dickman, Deborah A.

2010-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

273

Patent Law, HIPPO, and the Biodiversity Crisis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Planet earth is host to a dazzling variety of living organisms. This diversity of life, or – biodiversity, is vital to the survival and prosperity of humanity, supplying such vital amenities as food, clothing, shelter, natural biochemicals useful...

Torrance, Andrew W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Myxomycete biodiversity of the Colorado Plateau  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A rapid biodiversity assessment for myxomycetes (plasmodial slime moulds) was carried out during a two-week field trip to the Colorado Plateau (western U.S.A.). Due to the...Echinostelium coelocephalum, Protophys...

Yuri K. Novozhilov; David W. Mitchell; Martin Schnittler

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Marine biodiversity: patterns, threats and conservation needs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marine biodiversity is higher in benthic rather than pelagic ... is high at high latitides. Losses of marine diversity are highest in coastal areas largely ... coastal habitats. The best way to conserve marine di...

John S. Gray

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Current problems in marine biodiversity studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with a discussion of terminology and six proposed levels of biodiversity. Recent data and estimates were used to ... and taxonomic diversity of terrestrial, freshwater, and marine organisms. Abou...

A. V. Adrianov

277

Marine Biodiversity Conservation and Management in India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The coastal marine ecosystems play a vital role in India’ ... their natural resources, potential habitats, and wide biodiversity. India has a long coastline of 8...2...which is an important area both for explorat...

P. Nammalwar; V. S. Gowri; S. Satheesh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Editorial: Arctic marine biodiversity under change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marine biodiversity in the Arctic is changing in response...2011). The Arctic region has become warmer in the past three decades (ACIA 2005), and most global climate models indicate a continued, likely accelerate...

Haakon Hop; Tore Haug; Stig Falk-Petersen

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Next Generation Safeguards Initiative  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2007, the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) Office of Nonproliferation and International Security (NA-24) completed a comprehensive review of the current and potential future challenges facing the international safeguards system. The review examined trends and events impacting the mission of international safeguards and the implications of expanding and evolving mission requirements on the legal authorities and institutions that serve as the foundation of the international safeguards system, as well as the technological, financial, and human resources required for effective safeguards implementation. The review's findings and recommendations were summarized in the report, 'International Safeguards: Challenges and Opportunities for the 21st Century (October 2007)'. One of the report's key recommendations was for DOE/NNSA to launch a major new program to revitalize the international safeguards technology and human resource base. In 2007, at the International Atomic Energy Agency's General Conference, then Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman announced the newly created Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI). NGSI consists of five program elements: (1) Policy development and outreach; (2) Concepts and approaches; (3) Technology and analytical methodologies; (4) Human resource development; and (5) Infrastructure development. The ensuing report addresses the 'Human Resource Development (HRD)' component of NGSI. The goal of the HRD as defined in the NNSA Program Plan (November 2008) is 'to revitalize and expand the international safeguards human capital base by attracting and training a new generation of talent.' One of the major objectives listed in the HRD goal includes education and training, outreach to universities, professional societies, postdoctoral appointments, and summer internships at national laboratories. ORNL is a participant in the NGSI program, together with several DOE laboratories such as Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). In particular, ORNL's participation encompasses student internships, postdoctoral appointments, collaboration with universities in safeguards curriculum development, workshops, and outreach to professional societies through career fairs.

Kirk, Bernadette Lugue [ORNL; Eipeldauer, Mary D [ORNL; Whitaker, J Michael [ORNL

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Safeguards Approaches for Black Box Processes or Facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this study is to determine whether a safeguards approach can be developed for “black box” processes or facilities. These are facilities where a State or operator may limit IAEA access to specific processes or portions of a facility; in other cases, the IAEA may be prohibited access to the entire facility. The determination of whether a black box process or facility is safeguardable is dependent upon the details of the process type, design, and layout; the specific limitations on inspector access; and the restrictions placed upon the design information that can be provided to the IAEA. This analysis identified the necessary conditions for safeguardability of black box processes and facilities.

Diaz-Marcano, Helly; Gitau, Ernest TN; Hockert, John; Miller, Erin; Wylie, Joann

2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Safeguards and Security Functional Area Qualification Standard  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1-2009 1-2009 May 2009 DOE STANDARD SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY FUNCTIONAL AREA QUALIFICATION STANDARD DOE Defense Nuclear Facilities Technical Personnel U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1171-2009 ii This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ DOE-STD-1171-2009 iii APPROVAL The Federal Technical Capability Panel consists of senior U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) managers responsible for overseeing the Federal Technical Capability Program. This Panel is responsible for reviewing and approving the qualification standard for Department-wide

282

Apparatus for safeguarding a radiological source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tamper detector is provided for safeguarding a radiological source that is moved into and out of a storage location through an access porthole for storage and use. The radiological source is presumed to have an associated shipping container approved by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission for transporting the radiological source. The tamper detector typically includes a network of sealed tubing that spans at least a portion of the access porthole. There is an opening in the network of sealed tubing that is large enough for passage therethrough of the radiological source and small enough to prevent passage therethrough of the associated shipping cask. Generally a gas source connector is provided for establishing a gas pressure in the network of sealed tubing, and a pressure drop sensor is provided for detecting a drop in the gas pressure below a preset value.

Bzorgi, Fariborz M

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

283

Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System (NMMSS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System (NMMSS) which is sponsored by the Department of Energy and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The system serves national security and program management interests, and international interests in the programs for the peaceful application of nuclear energy and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. Within the scope of the NMMSS are found all nuclear materials applied and controlled under United States law and related international agreements, including U.S. nuclear materials production programs and US private nuclear industrial activities. In addition, its national and international scope enables it to provide services to other organizations such as the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, the Department of State, and the US Congress.

Jacobsen, S.E.; Matthews, W.B. III; McKamy, E.D.; Pedigo, R.B.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE-STD-1171 DOE-STD-1171 Safeguards and Security FAQ Step 1 Identify and evaluate tasks - Develop a comprehensive list of tasks that define the job. o A great starting point is the list of Duties and Responsibilities from the FAQS. o Give careful thought to additional tasks that could be considered. o Don't worry about deleting tasks at this point - that is a part of the process further down. - List the tasks (and their sources, e.g., Duties and Responsibilities #1) in the chart below. - Discuss each task as a group and come to a consensus pertaining to Importance and Frequency of the task (i.e., each team member can consent to the assigned value, even if they don't exactly agree with it). - When all values have been assigned, consider as a group deleting tasks that receive

285

Safeguards for nuclear material transparency monitoring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US and the Russian Federation are currently engaged in negotiating or implementing several nuclear arms and nuclear material control agreements. These involve placing nuclear material in specially designed containers within controlled facilities. Some of the agreements require the removal of nuclear components from stockpile weapons. These components are placed in steel containers that are then sealed and tagged. Current strategies for monitoring the agreements involve taking neutron and gamma radiation measurements of components in their containers to monitor the presence, mass, and composition of plutonium or highly enriched uranium, as well as other attributes that indicate the use of the material in a weapon. If accurate enough to be useful, these measurements will yield data containing information about the design of the weapon being monitored. In each case, the design data are considered sensitive by one or both parties to the agreement. To prevent the disclosure of this information in a bilateral or trilateral inspection scenario, so-called information barriers have evolved. These barriers combine hardware, software, and procedural safeguards to contain the sensitive data within a protected volume, presenting to the inspector only the processed results needed for verification. Interlocks and volatile memory guard against disclosure in case of failure. Implementing these safeguards requires innovation in radiation measurement instruments and data security. Demonstrating their reliability requires independent testing to uncover any flaws in design. This study discusses the general problem and gives a proposed solution for a high resolution gamma ray detection system. It uses historical examples to illustrate the evolution of other successful systems.

MacArthur, D A; Wolford, J K

1999-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

286

"Against the real dangers of modern life the home is no safeguard": Examining Spheres of Affect and Coercion in the Home in Nineteenth Century California Literature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

modern life the home is no safeguard”: Examining Spheres ofmodern life the home is no safeguard”: Examining Spheres ofmodern life the home is no safeguard,” expresses a sentiment

Tejeda, Carla Alicia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

FY 2008 Next Generation Safeguards Initiative International Safeguards Education and Training Pilot Progerams Summary Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Key component of the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) launched by the National Nuclear Security Administration is the development of human capital to meet present and future challenges to the safeguards regime. An effective university-level education in safeguards and related disciplines is an essential element in a layered strategy to rebuild the safeguards human resource capacity. Two pilot programs at university level, involving 44 students, were initiated and implemented in spring-summer 2008 and linked to hands-on internships at LANL or LLNL. During the internships, students worked on specific safeguards-related projects with a designated Laboratory Mentor to provide broader exposure to nuclear materials management and information analytical techniques. The Safeguards and Nuclear Material Management pilot program was a collaboration between the Texas A&M University (TAMU), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). It included a 16-lecture course held during a summer internship program. The instructors for the course were from LANL together with TAMU faculty and LLNL experts. The LANL-based course was shared with the students spending their internship at LLNL via video conference. A week-long table-top (or hands-on) exercise on was also conducted at LANL. The student population was a mix of 28 students from a 12 universities participating in a variety of summer internship programs held at LANL and LLNL. A large portion of the students were TAMU students participating in the NGSI pilot. The International Nuclear Safeguards Policy and Information Analysis pilot program was implemented at the Monterey Institute for International Studies (MIIS) in cooperation with LLNL. It included a two-week intensive course consisting of 20 lectures and two exercises. MIIS, LLNL, and speakers from other U.S. national laboratories (LANL, BNL) delivered lectures for the audience of 16 students. The majority of students were senior classmen or new master's degree graduates from MIIS specializing in nonproliferation policy studies. Other university/organizations represented: University of California in LA, Stanford University, and the IAEA. Four of the students that completed this intensive course participated in a 2-month internship at LLNL. The conclusions of the two pilot courses and internships was a NGSI Summer Student Symposium, held at LLNL, where 20 students participated in LLNL facility tours and poster sessions. The Poster sessions were designed to provide a forum for sharing the results of their summer projects and providing experience in presenting their work to a varied audience of students, faculty and laboratory staff. The success of bringing together the students from the technical and policy pilots was notable and will factor into the planning for the continued refinement of their two pilot efforts in the coming years.

Dreicer, M; Anzelon, G; Essner, J; Dougan, A; Doyle, J; Boyer, B; Hypes, P; Sokova, E; Wehling, F

2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

288

Biodiversity informatics: automated approaches for documenting global biodiversity patterns and processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......biodiversity layers into a virtual globe like Google Earth or World Wind and explore biodiversity change over time, developing ever...Switzerland: IUCN/United Nations Environment Program/World Wildlife Fund. Janies D , et al. Genomic analysis and geographic visualization......

Robert Guralnick; Andrew Hill

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

289

Memorandum, Safeguards & Security Policy Panels - February 15, 2008 |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Memorandum, Safeguards & Security Policy Panels - February 15, 2008 Memorandum, Safeguards & Security Policy Panels - February 15, 2008 Memorandum, Safeguards & Security Policy Panels - February 15, 2008 February 15, 2008 As outlined in the attached HSS memo, dated December 3,2007, subject: Safeguards and Security Policy Panels, the HSS Office of Security Policy is establishing several new policy panels that will create new opportunities for communication and will include those current active groups that are now effectively promoting cominunications in theirsafeguards and security topical areas. The Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) recognizes the importance of well conceived strategies and policies to support and communicate the security posture of the Department. In order for our security policies to

290

FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security General FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base FAQS Qualification Card - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base A key element for the Department's Technical Qualification Programs is a set of common Functional Area Qualification Standards (FAQS) and associated Job Task Analyses (JTA). These standards are developed for various functional areas of responsibility in the Department, including oversight of safety management programs identified as hazard controls in Documented Safety Analyses (DSA). For each functional area, the FAQS identify the minimum technical competencies and supporting knowledge and skills for a typical qualified individual working in the area. FAQC-SafeguardsandSecurityGTB.docx Description Safeguards and Security General Technical Base Qualification Card

291

Denial of ‘Fair Trial’ Safeguards and United States Forces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this chapter is to consider what redress a United States serviceman may have under international law and United States domestic law if he is denied a “fair trial” safeguard by a NATO country. Its t...

Robert B. Ellert

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Legal safeguards for privacy and data protection in ambient intelligence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To get the maximum benefit from ambient intelligence (AmI), we need to anticipate and react to possible drawbacks and threats emerging from the new technologies in order to devise appropriate safeguards. The SWAM...

Paul De Hert; Serge Gutwirth; Anna Moscibroda…

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

US Safeguards on Steel and the Markups of European Producers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is among the first to explore the microeconomic impacts of a trade policy on foreign firms. We empirically investigate the effects of the US safeguard protection of steel imports in 2002 on ... conside...

Hylke Vandenbussche; Ziga Zarnic

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Advanced integrated safeguards using front-end-triggering devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report addresses potential uses of front-end-triggering devices for enhanced safeguards. Such systems incorporate video surveillance as well as radiation and other sensors. Also covered in the report are integration issues and analysis techniques.

Howell, J.A.; Whitty, W.J.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Automotive high-voltage electrical system with integrated safeguard  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For several years the use of higher system voltages has been a topic in the automotive industry. Whether for hybrid or conventional vehicles, safeguards are required which protect both the vehicle...

Thomas Flottmann

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Support for new US bill to safeguard country's drug supply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The proposed 'Drug Safety and Accountability Act' would establish quality standards for the FDA, pharmaceutical firms and their contractors, who are increasingly based overseas where safeguards may be lower than ...

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Safeguards for Uranium Extraction (UREX) +1a Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and safeguard measures to be implemented were established. Diversion and acquisition pathways were considered; however, the analysis focuses mainly on diversion paths. The detection systems used in the design have the ability to provide near real...

Feener, Jessica S.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

298

Computer safeguards system for the IAEA inspectors at GCEP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Safeguards Data System (SDS), which is being developed to provide improved safeguards for the Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plant at Portsmouth, Ohio, is described. The SDS is an automated, integrated computer data acquisition and data management system. It is designed to operate in a continuous unattended mode to provide attributes measurements, summary materials accounting data, and on-site data analysis capability to the IAEA inspectors at the GCEP facility.

Baker, A.L.; Harris, P.W.; Fienning, W.C.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

THE NEXT GENERATION SAFEGUARDS PROFESSIONAL NETWORK: PROGRESS AND NEXT STEPS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

President Obama has repeatedly stated that the United States must ensure that the international safeguards regime, as embodied by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), has 'the authority, information, people, and technology it needs to do its job.' The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) works to implement the President's vision through the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI), a program to revitalize the U.S. DOE national laboratories safeguards technology and human capital base so that the United States can more effectively support the IAEA and ensure that it meets current and emerging challenges to the international safeguards system. In 2009, in response to the human capital development goals of NGSI, young safeguards professionals within the Global Nuclear Security Technology Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory launched the Next Generation Safeguards Professional Network (NGSPN). The purpose of this initiative is to establish working relationships and to foster collaboration and communication among the next generation of safeguards leaders. The NGSPN is an organization for, and of, young professionals pursuing careers in nuclear safeguards and nonproliferation - as well as mid-career professionals new to the field - whether working within the U.S. DOE national laboratory complex, U.S. government agencies, academia, or industry or at the IAEA. The NGSPN is actively supported by the NNSA, boasts more than 70 members, maintains a website and newsletter, and has held two national meetings as well as an NGSPN session and panel at the July 2010 Institute of Nuclear Material Management Annual Meeting. This paper discusses the network; its significance, goals and objectives; developments and progress to date; and future plans.

Zhernosek, Alena V [ORNL] [ORNL; Lynch, Patrick D [ORNL] [ORNL; Scholz, Melissa A [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

IAEA safeguards and detection of undeclared nuclear activities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Verification of State declarations is an essential feature of IAEA safeguards. The issue of completeness of the declaration of all nuclear material, nuclear activities and nuclear facilities arises only in full scope safeguards, like those pursuant to NPT. Concentrating on the accountability aspect of nuclear material the NPT safeguards system has achieved a high level of objective and quantified performance. Some of the basic ideas of the drafters of INFCIRC/153(corrected) have been stalled. Non-proliferation concerns demand also for a detection probability for undeclared nuclear activities. Following the example of the Chemical Weapon Convention, advanced detection techniques are proposed, which go beyond the classical nuclear material accountability approach. Recent proposals for additional measures to strengthen IAEA safeguards conform to rules of NPT and related safeguards. Some proposals have been agreed generally, others can only be implemented on a voluntary basis between the State and the IAEA. The implementation will require additional resources and support for the IAEA. Great care is required to maintain the existing capability of the IAEA for a technically sound, independent, objective, and internationally acceptable judgment with available resources, and at the same time to change emphasis on certain elements of the existing safeguards system.

Harry, R.J.S. [Netherlands Energy Research Foundation ECN, Petten (Netherlands)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Spatially explicit economic assessment of cultural ecosystem services: Non-extractive recreational uses of the coastal environment related to marine biodiversity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The adoption of comprehensive marine spatial plans (MSP) requires that all aspects of value associated with marine biodiversity are considered in their development. Therefore, a holistic approach to MSP needs to include the ecological, social and economic aspects related to the range of goods and services provided by marine biodiversity. In temperate coastal areas however, extractive uses of marine biodiversity (i.e., fisheries) tend to receive more consideration than other non-extractive uses such as certain forms of recreation. This is primarily due to its economic and social importance and a lack of information on non-extractive uses of marine biodiversity. This study presents an assessment of the economic importance and spatial distribution of non-extractive uses of marine biodiversity (diving, kayaking, wildlife watching from boats and seabird watching) in the coastal temperate area of Wales and its application to MSP. The assessment of the economic importance and spatial distribution of these uses was ascertained through questionnaires with relevant users. Results indicated that the economic importance of non-extractive recreational uses of marine biodiversity in Wales is comparable to that of commercial fisheries for the same region. Spatially there was a significant degree of overlap among areas used by the different recreational groups studied here and the distribution of uses could be linked to different aspects of marine biodiversity, such as the presence of particular habitats in the case of divers. The integration of spatially explicit socioeconomic data for a range of different uses of marine biodiversity enables policy makers to gain useful insight into the potential consequences of implementing a spatial management regime, as certain uses can be sometimes overlooked but are still essential if we are to consider the impact of spatial planning on all economically relevant activities. Such data provide a balanced overview of the value of marine biodiversity to different sectors of society and contributes to the process of developing comprehensive marine spatial plans.

A. Ruiz-Frau; H. Hinz; G. Edwards-Jones; M.J. Kaiser

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Predictable waves of sequential forest degradation and biodiversity loss spreading from an African city  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- tainably reducing carbon storage and biodiversity. biodiversity conservation | carbon emissions | reducing, wood production, and biodiversity conservation. The impacts of individual forms of tropical forestPredictable waves of sequential forest degradation and biodiversity loss spreading from an African

Vermont, University of

303

Measures of Safeguard and Rehabilitation for landscape protection planning: A qualitative approach based on diversity indicators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Maintaining existing levels of landscape diversity is becoming more and more important for planning considering the increasing pressures on agricultural ecosystems due to soil sealing, sprawl processes and intensive agriculture. Norms for land-use regulation and measures for landscape Safeguard and Rehabilitation have to take into consideration these threats in landscape planning. Evaluating the diversity of agricultural ecosystems is a fundamental step for proposing sound approaches to planning and managing both soil and landscape, as well as maintaining the related ecosystem services. The paper proposes a method aimed at the qualitative evaluation of spatial diversity of agricultural landscapes using a reduced set of ecological indicators based on land-use vector data. Indicators are calculated for defined landscape units characterized by landscape homogeneity. GIS geoprocessing and spatial analysis functions are employed. The study area is the Province of Enna in Sicily (Italy), which is characterized by cultivation mosaics in its southern region, cereal cultivation in the central region and prevailing natural environments in the northern region. Results from the indicator calculations are used to define measures to be included in a Landscape Protection Plan. Safeguard and Rehabilitation measures are introduced, which link indicator scores to planning protection aims. The results highlight the relevance of some agricultural mosaics in proximity to streams and seasonal fluvial environments, where some undamaged natural environments are still present. For these areas, specific landscape safeguard measures are proposed to preserve their diversity features together with their original agricultural functions. The work shows that even with a reduced number of indicators, a differentiated set of measures can be proposed for a Landscape Protection Plan.

Daniele La Rosa; Riccardo Privitera; Francesco Martinico; Paolo La Greca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Termination of Safeguards on ULWBR Material  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Environmental Management, has approved the disposition of 31 metric tons of Unirradiated Light Water Breeder Reactor (ULWBR) material in canisters stored within dry wells of the Underground Fuel Storage Facility at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC). This unirradiated material consists primarily of ceramic pellets of thorium oxide in stainless steel cladding, but it also contains 300 kilograms of uranium that is 98 wt% U-233. The ULWBR material was not processed at the INTEC because it was incompatible with prior chemical separation schemes. Other economical recovery options have not been identified, and expressions of interest for consolidating the material with existing projects at other DOE sites have not been received. The U-233 could be used for producing the medical isotope Actinium-225, but the proof-of-principle demonstration and follow-on pilot program have not been developed to the point of requiring production quantities of U-233. Consequently, the selected disposition of the ULWBR material was burial as Low Level Waste at the Nevada Test Site (NTS), which required terminating safeguards controls for the contained Category II quantity of Attractiveness Level D special nuclear material (SNM). The requested termination followed the twelve point evaluation criteria of the Historical Defense Program Discard Guidance and included a security analysis for evaluating the risks of theft, diversion, and radiological sabotage associated with the material. Continuity of knowledge in the book inventory was assured by documenting that the original shipper’s measurements accurately reflected the quantities of materials received and that the ULWBR materials had remained under adequate physical protection and had been subject to periodic physical inventories. The method selected for substantiating the book values as the basis for terminating safeguards was the nondestructive assay used during physical inventories. Shipping arrangements included refurbishing a licensed cask to be reused over the duration of the termination process. An accompanying batching plan and shipping schedule were developed to accommodate multiple commercial shipments of Category III quantities of SNM in the selected cask, such that all canisters would be received at NTS prior to the expiration of the nonrenewable cask license.

Ivan R. Thomas; Ernest L. Laible

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Fossil Biodiversity: Red Noise Plus Signal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have examined the Fourier power spectrum as well as the Hurst exponent of extinction, origination, and total biodiversity in the marine fossil record, using a recently improved geologic timescale. We find all of them strongly inconsistent with past claims of self-similarity as well as inconsistent with random walk behavior. Instead, they are dominated by low-frequency power, with approximate f^-2 power over one decade in frequency. The spectrum turns over at about 10^8 y, lending plausibility to connections with galactic dynamics. Even in the background of this low-frequency dominance, a previously noted 62 My biodiversity cycle stands out with better than 99% confidence above the noise level, accounting for about 35% of the total variance in the fossil biodiversity record.

Adrian L. Melott; Bruce S. Lieberman

2006-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

306

Fossil Biodiversity: Red Noise Plus Signal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have examined the Fourier power spectrum as well as the Hurst exponent of extinction, origination, and total biodiversity in the marine fossil record, using a recently improved geologic timescale. We find all of them strongly inconsistent with past claims of self-similarity as well as inconsistent with random walk behavior. Instead, they are dominated by low-frequency power, with approximate f^-2 power over one decade in frequency. The spectrum turns over at about 10^5 y, lending plausibility to connections with galactic dynamics. Even in the background of this low-frequency dominance, a previously noted 62 My biodiversity cycle stands out with better than 99% confidence above the noise level, accounting for about 35% of the total variance in the fossil biodiversity record.

Melott, A L; Melott, Adrian L.; Lieberman, Bruce S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Sampling Efficiency and Biodiversity Peter Neal & John Moriary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sampling Efficiency and Biodiversity Peter Neal & John Moriary First version: 9 June 2009 Research #12;Sampling efficiency and biodiversity Peter Neal and John Moriary June 9, 2009 1 Introduction Given

Sidorov, Nikita

308

Projected range contractions of montane biodiversity under global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of montane biodiversity under global warming Frank A. La Sorte 1 * Walter...are likely to experience under global warming and highlight the need for additional...extinction risk|geographical range|global warming|mountain biodiversity| 1...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

MARINE BIODIVERSITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE (MARCLIM) PHASE 2 REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MARINE BIODIVERSITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE (MARCLIM) PHASE 2 REPORT SEPTEMBER 2001 - APRIL 2002.................................................................................................. 12 Climate change and its implications for marine biodiversity (Modules 1 & 2 THE MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION IN PARTNERSHIP WITH PLYMOUTH MARINE LABORATORY, SCOTTISH ASSOCIATION

Power, Anne Marie

310

Coastal habitat engineers and the biodiversity in marine sediments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Within the framework of the European Network of Excellence on Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning (MarBEF), an initiative...The role of native and/or invasive ecosystem engineers in explaining biodiversity

Karsten Reise; Tjeerd J. Bouma; Sergej Olenin; Tom Ysebaert

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Marine biodiversity — Thoughts on the subjects and their investigators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comparison of terrestrial and marine ecosystems in terms of their basic ecosystems and biodiversity characteristics (e.g., energy flow, ... outline specific problems involved in the inference of marine biodiversity

Gerhard Haszprunar

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Research Blogs as a Tool for Applied Biodiversity Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Applied Biodiversity Sciences Perspectives Series is a student-directed collection of contributions from graduate student and faculty members of the integrative, NSF-IGERT Applied Biodiversity Sciences (ABS) program at Texas A&M University...

Petriello, Michael A

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

313

Satellite remote sensing, biodiversity research and conservation of the future  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...our special issue entitled Satellite Remote Sensing for Biodiversity...on the future prospects of satellite remote sensing for biodiversity...powerful understanding of weather and climate, along with other...conservation agendas [24]. Satellite remote sensing, on the other...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

NDA safeguards techniques for LMFBR assemblies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The significant safeguards concerns for liquid-metal fast breeder reactors (LMFBRs), and for the LMFBR fuel handling systems are the accountability, surveillance, and identification of fuel and blanket assemblies. The introduction of fuel assemblies with a high content of Pu into the receiving and shipping areas of the LMFBR fuel cycle does allow a more direct near-real-time assay profile of the disposition of Pu. Isotope correlations and neutron assay methods have been investigated and implemented for determining plutonium and burnup in fresh and spent LMFBR fuel assemblies. The methods are based on active and passive neutron coincidence counting (NCC) techniques. Preliminary studies on neutron yield rates from the spontaneous fission of plutonium and curium isotopes have indicated that the NCC system is a most effective measure in the verification of nuclear material flow in assembly form for the entire reactor fuel handling cycle, i.e., from the fresh- to the spent-fuel stage. A consequence of the high plutonium concentration level throughout the fuel irradiation period in an LMFBR, is that the spontaneous fission neutron yield from the 242-curium and 244-curium does not dominate the spontaneous fission neutron yield from the plutonium isotopes in the spent fuel stage.

Persiani, P.J.; Gundy, M.L.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Lessons Learned in International Safeguards - Implementation of Safeguards at the Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The focus of this report is lessons learned at the Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant (RRP). However, the subject of lessons learned for application of international safeguards at reprocessing plants includes a cumulative history of inspections starting at the West Valley (New York, U.S.A.) reprocessing plant in 1969 and proceeding through all of the efforts over the years. The RRP is the latest and most challenging application the International Atomic Energy Agency has faced. In many ways the challenges have remained the same, timely inspection and evaluation with limited inspector resources, with the continuing realization that planning and preparations can never start early enough in the life cycle of a facility. Lessons learned over the years have involved the challenges of using ongoing advances in technology and dealing with facilities with increased throughput and continuous operation. This report will begin with a review of historical developments and lessons learned. This will provide a basis for a discussion of the experiences and lessons learned from the implementation of international safeguards at RRP.

Ehinger, Michael H [ORNL; Johnson, Shirley [Tucker Creek Consulting

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Course Information Document MSc Quantitative Methods in Biodiversity, Conservation &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Course Information Document 2013/14 MSc Quantitative Methods in Biodiversity, Conservation, Veterinary and Life Sciences Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine #12;2 MSc/PgD Quantitative Methods in Biodiversity, Conservation & Epidemiology Animal Welfare Science, Ethics & Law TABLE

Guo, Zaoyang

317

Linking Biodiversity and Recreational Merits of Urban Green Spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Linking Biodiversity and Recreational Merits of Urban Green Spaces Methodological Development Ling, Alnarp 2014 Cover: A view of Ramlösa Brunnspark, Helsingborg (photo: Ling Qiu) #12;Linking Biodiversity an important role in promoting both biodiversity and human recreation. This thesis therefore attempted to link

318

Extinction and the spatial dynamics of biodiversity David Jablonski*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extinction and the spatial dynamics of biodiversity David Jablonski* Department of Geophysical, and expansion of clades from the tropics fuels at least some recoveries, as well as biodiversity dynamics during on special consequence when attempting to evaluate the processes shaping present-day biodiversity, where

Boyce, C. Kevin

319

UNCORRECTED 2 Burning biodiversity: Woody biomass use by commercial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNCORRECTED PROOF 2 Burning biodiversity: Woody biomass use by commercial 3 and subsistence groups Biodiversity Science, Conservation International, 1919 M St., Washington, DC 20036, USA 7 c Energy as: Lisa Naughton-Treves et al., Burning biodiversity: Woody biomass use by commercial

Kammen, Daniel M.

320

The Biodiversity of Catalytic Super-Brownian Motion Klaus Fleischmann  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Biodiversity of Catalytic Super-Brownian Motion Klaus Fleischmann WeierstraÃ?-Institut f that the reactant has an infinite local biodiversity or genetic abundance. This contrasts the finite local biodiversity of the equilibrium of classical super-Brownian motion. Another question we address

Klenke, Achim

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Biodiversity in fragmented landscapes: reviewing evidence on the effects of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiversity in fragmented landscapes: reviewing evidence on the effects of landscape features contributing factors to the loss of biodiversity. The movement of individuals among small, isolated populations. In the previous Information Notes on `Evaluating biodiversity in fragmented landscapes' (Watts et al., 2005; Watts

322

Functional consequences of realistic biodiversity changes in a marine ecosystem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Functional consequences of realistic biodiversity changes in a marine ecosystem Matthew E. S, 2007) Declines in biodiversity have prompted concern over the conse- quences of species loss the functional consequences of realistic, nonrandom changes in biodiversity. Instead, most designs have used

Brody, James P.

323

Biotype 23 Page 1 The Biodiversity & Conservation Newsletter of Woodland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biotype 23 Page 1 The Biodiversity & Conservation Newsletter of Woodland Ecology Branch Number 23 & Andy Brunt Background Maintaining and increasing biodiversity is now an important part of forest for the conservation of forest biodiversity and of rare and threatened species. FR will be working closely with Janet

324

Biodiversity and Conservation 11: 353356, 2002. Book review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiversity and Conservation 11: 353­356, 2002. Book review Enfoques contemporáneos para el journals are explicitly devoted to this subject (e.g., Biodiversity and Conservation, Diversity estudio de la biodiversidad1 (Current Approaches to the Study of Biodiversity) Edited by H.M. Hernández, A

Vazquez, Diego

325

The Optimal Design of Investments in Biodiversity Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Optimal Design of Investments in Biodiversity Conservation q1 p1 Area Price q2 p2 qd qc Paul R to terrestrial biodiversity and financial investment in habitat conservation efforts has become a cornerstone the needs of biodiversity leads to ineffective conservation programmes and may even risk conservation

Gray, Matthew

326

The efficiency of voluntary incentive policies for preventing biodiversity loss  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiversity Conservation Land use Spatial modeling A B S T R A C T Habitat loss is a primary cause of loss of biodiversity but conserving habitat for species presents challenges. Land parcels differ in their ability conservation objectives. This topic is important not just for biodiversity conservation but for any effort

Weiblen, George D

327

Global Biodiversity Change: The Bad, the Good, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

framework can be used to identify undesirable biodiversity change and allocate conservation efforts. 25 AnnuGlobal Biodiversity Change: The Bad, the Good, and the Unknown Henrique Miguel Pereira, Laetitia Abstract Global biodiversity change is one of the most pressing environmental is- sues of our time. Here

Pereira, Henrique Miguel

328

Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Traps December 2, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Traps December 2, 2009 Co-organizers Alex Travis and Chris biodiversity conservation and poverty traps. Multiple participants observed that Cornell has relatively large. A good deal of discussion concerned the emphasis on biodiversity conservation as opposed to broader

Angenent, Lars T.

329

Amazonian biodiversity: assessing conservation priorities with taxonomic data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Amazonian biodiversity: assessing conservation priorities with taxonomic data W. J. KRESS*à , W. R areas recommended for conservation in an earlier qualitative study of Amazonian biodiversity. Museum be addressed. 0960-3115 � 1998 Chapman & Hall Biodiversity and Conservation 7, 1577±1587 (1998) #12

Erwin, Terry

330

Concordance of freshwater and terrestrial biodiversity Robin Abell1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global priorities for biodiversity conservation are only as robust as the data used to identify them of freshwater biodiversity patterns. Given that many conservation priorities are currently driven by terrestrialLETTER Concordance of freshwater and terrestrial biodiversity Robin Abell1 , Michele Thieme1

Vermont, University of

331

Freshwater biodiversity conservation: recent progress and future challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Freshwater biodiversity conservation: recent progress and future challenges David L. Strayer1 Cary their marine or terrestrial counterparts. Here, we review progress in conservation of freshwater biodiversity of Ecology and Biodiversity, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People

332

Restoration of ecosystem services and biodiversity: conflicts and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, explicitly link the conservation of biodiversity with the provision of ecosys- tem services to support services might be at the expense of biodiversity conservation [8,9], whereas others have suggestedRestoration of ecosystem services and biodiversity: conflicts and opportunities James M. Bullock1

Rey Benayas, José María

333

Hydrobiologia 500: 203211, 2003. K. Martens (ed.), Aquatic Biodiversity.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands. 203 Biodiversity: bridging the gap between condition and conservation words: rivers, biodiversity assessment, conservation, restoration, predictive models Abstract The aim conservation value and; (3) a region that was identified as having significant biodiversity loss but with high

Canberra, University of

334

Biodiversity loss decreases parasite diversity: theory and patterns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Survey, c/o Marine Science Institute...invasion: impacts on biodiversity and human health...terrestrial and marine biota. Science...2010 Impacts of biodiversity on the emergence...quasi-linear, suggesting biodiversity loss reduces parasite...Survey, c/o Marine Science Institute...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Nutrient enrichment, biodiversity loss, and consequent declines in ecosystem productivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the species compo- sitions, biodiversity, and functioning of terrestrial and marine ecosystems worldwide (1, freshwater, and marine ecosystems (8­15). This has raised concerns that contemporary biodiversity declinesNutrient enrichment, biodiversity loss, and consequent declines in ecosystem productivity Forest

Minnesota, University of

336

ASSESSING MACROINVERTEBRATE BIODIVERSITY IN FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS: ADVANCES AND CHALLENGES IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASSESSING MACROINVERTEBRATE BIODIVERSITY IN FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS: ADVANCES AND CHALLENGES IN DNA.suzanne@epamail.epa.gov David P. Larsen Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission, Corvallis, Oregon 97333 USA e-mail: larsen, biodiversity, freshwater, next-generation sequencing abstract Assessing the biodiversity of macroinvertebrate

Pfrender, Michael

337

USE OF MOLECULAR MARKERS FOR THE STUDY OF MARINE BIODIVERSITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USE OF MOLECULAR MARKERS FOR THE STUDY OF MARINE BIODIVERSITY Acta of the 1st International data for the study of marine biodiversity. This subject has become an important issue in the scientific and evaluate strategies to investigate marine biodiversity were one of the major objectives of this workshop

Bernardi, Giacomo

338

Marine Biodiversity in the Regional Estimates and Distribution Patterns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Marine Biodiversity in the Caribbean Regional Estimates and Distribution Patterns Patricia www.ploscollections.org/coml/marine_biodiversity Elva Escobar-Briones Juan José Cruz-Motta Ernesto Aniuska Kazandjian Manuel Ortiz PLoS ONE Collection: Marine Biodiversity and Biogeography Regional

Bermingham, Eldredge

339

Coral Reef Biodiversity in the Face of Climatic Changes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loss of marine biodiversity seems inevitable in the 21st century. In benthic marine systems, survivors biodiversity, coral reefs concentrate an estimated quarter of all identified marine species in only about 04 Coral Reef Biodiversity in the Face of Climatic Changes Stéphane La Barre Université Pierre et

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

340

Impacts of Biodiversity Loss on Ocean Ecosystem Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fisheries data to test how biodiversity loss affects marine ecosystem services across temporal and spatial the effects of changes in marine biodiversity on fundamental ecosystem services by combining available dataImpacts of Biodiversity Loss on Ocean Ecosystem Services Boris Worm,1 * Edward B. Barbier,2 Nicola

Stachowicz, Jay

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Projecting global marine biodiversity impacts under climate change scenarios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Projecting global marine biodiversity impacts under climate change scenarios William W.L. Cheung1 References 248 Abstract Climate change can impact the pattern of marine biodiversity through changes. Pauly. 2009. Projecting global marine biodiversity impacts under climate change scenarios. Fish

Pauly, Daniel

342

Methodology for Assessing Biodiversity Prof. S. Ajmal Khan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methodology for Assessing Biodiversity Prof. S. Ajmal Khan Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology Annamalai University he biodiversity has remained as one of the central themes of ecology of plants and animals occurring in their respective countries assess the biodiversity properly

Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

343

European Commission DG ENV Soil biodiversity: functions, threats and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

European Commission DG ENV Soil biodiversity: functions, threats and tools for policy makers.turbe@biois.com In association with #12;2 European Commission - DG ENV Soil biodiversity: functions, threats and tools for policy Putten, Eric Labouze, and Shailendra Mudgal. Soil biodiversity: functions, threats and tools for policy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

344

Advanced Safeguards Approaches for New TRU Fuel Fabrication Facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This second report in a series of three reviews possible safeguards approaches for the new transuranic (TRU) fuel fabrication processes to be deployed at AFCF – specifically, the ceramic TRU (MOX) fuel fabrication line and the metallic (pyroprocessing) line. The most common TRU fuel has been fuel composed of mixed plutonium and uranium dioxide, referred to as “MOX”. However, under the Advanced Fuel Cycle projects custom-made fuels with higher contents of neptunium, americium, and curium may also be produced to evaluate if these “minor actinides” can be effectively burned and transmuted through irradiation in the ABR. A third and final report in this series will evaluate and review the advanced safeguards approach options for the ABR. In reviewing and developing the advanced safeguards approach for the new TRU fuel fabrication processes envisioned for AFCF, the existing international (IAEA) safeguards approach at the Plutonium Fuel Production Facility (PFPF) and the conceptual approach planned for the new J-MOX facility in Japan have been considered as a starting point of reference. The pyro-metallurgical reprocessing and fuel fabrication process at EBR-II near Idaho Falls also provided insight for safeguarding the additional metallic pyroprocessing fuel fabrication line planned for AFCF.

Durst, Philip C.; Ehinger, Michael H.; Boyer, Brian; Therios, Ike; Bean, Robert; Dougan, A.; Tolk, K.

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

345

Safeguards and security research and development progress report, October 1993--September 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the activities carried out by the Los Alamos Safeguards and Security Research and Development (R&D) program from October 1993 through September 1994. The activities presented in the first part of the report were directed primarily to domestic US safeguards applications and were, for the most part, sponsored by the Department of Energy`s Office of Safeguards and Security (DOE/OSS, NN-50). The activities described in Part 2, International Safeguards, were supported by the International Safeguards Division of the Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation (DOE/OACN, NN-40). Part 3 describes several safeguards or safeguards-related activities that have other sponsors. The final part of the report lists titles and abstracts of Los Alamos safeguards R&D reports, technical journal articles, and conference papers that were published or presented in 1994.

Smith, D.B.; Jaramillo, G.R. [comp.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

CASH FLOW MATCHING PROBLEM WITH CVaR CONSTRAINTS: A CASE STUDY WITH PORTFOLIO SAFEGUARD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CASH FLOW MATCHING PROBLEM WITH CVaR CONSTRAINTS: A CASE STUDY WITH PORTFOLIO SAFEGUARD Danjue problem is minimized. We use Portfolio Safeguard (PSG) decision support tool to solve the optimization

Uryasev, Stanislav

347

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Here is a partial list of safeguards for explosive actuated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety First Safety Last Safety Always Here is a partial list of safeguards for explosive actuated welding equipment. · If you are a tool operator or assistant, safeguard your eyes with eye protection

Minnesota, University of

348

Human rights safeguards and international cooperation in extradition: Striking the balance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is necessary to strike the correct balance between safeguarding the rights of the individual and engendering ... rights enforcement mechanisms, many of the traditional safeguards still have a real role to play...

Sharon A. Williams

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Proceedings of the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards Safety Culture Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

NUREG/CP-0183, Proceedings of the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards Safety Culture Workshop, June 12, 2003 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards Washington, DC 20555-0001.

350

An analysis of ITC decisions in antidumping, countervailing duty and safeguard cases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An Analysis of ITC Decisions in Antidumping, Countervailing Duty and Safeguard Cases. — This paper investigates the economic ... U.S. antidumping, countervailing duty, and safeguard laws during the 1980s. Utilizi...

Robert E. Baldwin; Jeffrey W. Steagall

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

MARITIME BIODIVERSITY A VIRTUE-RACK EXPERIMENT.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MARITIME BIODIVERSITY A VIRTUE-RACK EXPERIMENT. How Water Condition Affects Organisms in Saline to different aquatic environments, an experiment consisting of two VIRTUE-racks was carried out. The VIRTUE-racks were placed at two different aquatic environments. One rack was exposed to waves, placed at the inflow

Harding, Karin

352

Navjot's nightmare revisited: logging, agriculture, and biodiversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forests. Conversely, conversion of primary or logged forests to plantation crops, such as oil palm, causes the biodiversity of this region. Our analysis also suggests that, because South- east Asian forests are tightly and replaced with a nonforest landcover (e.g., agriculture including oil palm and rubber, timber plantations

Vermont, University of

353

On biodiversity conservation and poverty traps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...economic, social, and political approaches to achieve biodiversity...describe a unique index insurance mechanism they designed...the relative merits and risks of alternative courses of action...Stochastic wealth dynamics and risk management among a poor population . Econ...Chantarat S ( 2011 ) Index insurance for pro-poor conservation...

Christopher B. Barrett; Alexander J. Travis; Partha Dasgupta

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

BIODIVERSITY The geography of climate change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIODIVERSITY REVIEW The geography of climate change: implications for conservation biogeography D. J. B. Kraft1 INTRODUCTION It is widely recognized that climate change poses a grave threat., 2007). The impacts of climate change are broadly detectable in many taxa, including shifts in phenology

Kraft, Nathan

355

BIODIVERSITY A hitchhiker's guide to the Maritimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIODIVERSITY RESEARCH A hitchhiker's guide to the Maritimes: anthropogenic transport facilitates long-distance dispersal of an invasive marine crab to Newfoundland A. M. H. Blakeslee1 *, C. H. Mc; Saltonstall, 2002; 1 Marine Invasions Laboratory, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, MD

Vermont, University of

356

BIODIVERSITY Origin matters: alien consumers inflict  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIODIVERSITY RESEARCH Origin matters: alien consumers inflict greater damage on prey populations, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON N9B 3P4, Canada. E-mail: hughm@uwindsor.ca ABSTRACT Aim Introduced alien regard to whether such species are native or alien. This argument rests on the premise that native

Ricciardi, Anthony

357

An Inspector's Assessment of the New Model Safeguards Approach for Enrichment Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This conference paper assesses the changes that are being made to the Model Safeguards Approach for Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants.

Curtis, Michael M.

2007-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

358

Nuclear safeguards research and development. Program status report, October 1980-January 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the status of the Nuclear Safeguards Research and Development Program pursued by the Energy, Chemistry-Materials Science, and Operational Security/Safeguards Divisions of the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Topics include nondestructive assay technology development and applications, international safeguards systems. Also discussed are training courses, technology transfer, analytical chemistry methods for fissionable materials safeguards, the Department of Energy Computer Security Technical Center, and operational security.

Henry, C.N. (comp.)

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

E-Print Network 3.0 - acp safeguards neutron Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PRJ... SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY CONSTRUCTION PRJ NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMIN PIT DISASSEMBLY AND CONVERSION... MANAGEMENT PROGRAM NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMIN...

360

Next Generation Safeguards Initiative Inaugural Conference | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Next Generation Safeguards Initiative Inaugural Conference Next Generation Safeguards Initiative Inaugural Conference Next Generation Safeguards Initiative Inaugural Conference September 12, 2008 - 3:20pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman Thank you, Ken, and all of you for that generous welcome. It is good to see so many of you here today for this discussion of a topic I consider to be among the most important in the Energy Department's portfolio. The U.S. Department of Energy has the responsibility for maintaining the safety and security of the U.S. nuclear stockpile. It is a responsibility I want you to know I take very personally. Thanks to the good work of Sen. Richard Lugar and others, we have the responsibility, through our National Nuclear Security Administration, to help other nations - especially the independent states that were once part

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Office of Security Policy - Safeguards and Security Frequently Asked  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Safeguards and Security Safeguards and Security New Frequently Asked Questions The following frequently asked questions (FAQs) are organized by the topical areas and offer answers to recurring questions or policy clarification requests. These entries represent the newest additions to the collection of S&S FAQs. 1. General 2. Program Planning and Management 3. Protection Program Operations 4. Information Security 5. Nuclear Material Control and Accountability General Q: Where can I find the national policies that may affect security programs I am responsible for? A: The national policies affecting DOE's safeguards and security programs are located on the Policy Information Resource tool at http://pir.pnl.gov. This collection is comprised of the most current version of each policy

362

SAFEGUARDS EXPERIENCE ON THE DUPIC FUEL CYCLE PROCESS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Safeguards have been applied to the R and D process for directly fabricating CANDU fuel with PWR spent fuel material. Safeguards issues to be resolved were identified in the areas such as international cooperation on handling foreign origin nuclear material, technology development of operator's measurement system of the bulk handling process of spent fuel material, and a built-in C/S system for independent verification of material flow. The fuel cycle concept (Direct Use of PWR spent fuel in CANDU, DUPIC) was developed in consideration of reutilization of over-flowing spent fuel resources at PWR sites and a reduction of generated high level wastes. All those safeguards issues have been finally resolved, and the first batch of PWR spent fuel material was successfully introduced in the DUPIC lab facility and has been in use for routine process development.

J. HONG; H. KIM; ET AL

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Ultra-high-resolution alpha spectrometry for nuclear forensics and safeguards applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We will present our work on the development of ultra-high-resolution detectors for alpha particle spectrometry. These detectors, based on superconducting transition-edge sensors, offer energy resolution that is five to ten times better than conventional silicon detectors. Using these microcalorimeter detectors, the isotopic composition of mixed-actinide samples can be determined rapidly without the need for actinide separation chemistry to isolate each element, or mass spectrometry to separate isotopic signatures that can not be resolved using traditional alpha spectrometry (e.g. Pu-239/Pu-240, or Pu-238/Am-241). This paper will cover the detector and measurement system, actinide source preparation, and the quantitative isotopic analysis of a number of forensics- and safeguards-relevant radioactive sources.

Bacrania, Minesh K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Croce, Mark [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bond, Evelyn [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dry, Donald [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Moody, W. Allen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lamont, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rabin, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rim, Jung [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Audrey [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Beall, James [NIST-BOULDER; Bennett, Douglas [NIST-BOULDER; Kotsubo, Vincent [NIST-BOULDER; Horansky, Robert [NIST-BOULDER; Hilton, Gene [NIST-BOULDER; Schmidt, Daniel [NIST-BOULDER; Ullom, Joel [NIST-BOULDER; Cantor, Robin [STAR CRYOELECTRONICS

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

International Safeguards Technology and Policy Education and Training Pilot Programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A major focus of the National Nuclear Security Administration-led Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) is the development of human capital to meet present and future challenges to the safeguards regime. An effective university-level education in safeguards and related disciplines is an essential element in a layered strategy to rebuild the safeguards human resource capacity. NNSA launched two pilot programs in 2008 to develop university level courses and internships in association with James, Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS) at the Monterey Institute of International Studies (MIIS) and Texas A&M University (TAMU). These pilot efforts involved 44 students in total and were closely linked to hands-on internships at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The Safeguards and Nuclear Material Management pilot program was a collaboration between TAMU, LANL, and LLNL. The LANL-based coursework was shared with the students undertaking internships at LLNL via video teleconferencing. A weeklong hands-on exercise was also conducted at LANL. A second pilot effort, the International Nuclear Safeguards Policy and Information Analysis pilot program was implemented at MIIS in cooperation with LLNL. Speakers from MIIS, LLNL, and other U.S. national laboratories (LANL, BNL) delivered lectures for the audience of 16 students. The majority of students were senior classmen or new master's degree graduates from MIIS specializing in nonproliferation policy studies. The two pilots programs concluded with an NGSI Summer Student Symposium, held at LLNL, where 20 students participated in LLNL facility tours and poster sessions. The value of bringing together the students from the technical and policy pilots was notable and will factor into the planning for the continued refinement of the two programs in the coming years.

Dreicer, M; Anzelon, G A; Essner, J T; Dougan, A D; Doyle, J; Boyer, B; Hypes, P; Sokava, E; Wehling, F; Martin, J; Charlton, W

2009-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

365

Governors of the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium: Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults Policy and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

15 Governors of the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium: Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults been drafted by considering law and government policies and procedures on safeguarding. A list has been as being safe and protected from harm. For the purposes of this Safeguarding policy the terms `child

366

Satisficing Approach to Human-in-the-Loop Safeguarded Control Wei Ren and Randal W. Beard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Satisficing Approach to Human-in-the-Loop Safeguarded Control Wei Ren and Randal W. Beard Abstract stability. This paper falls into the cat- egory of safeguarded shared control. While most current approaches a rigorous analytic approach to ana- lyzing safeguarded shared control problems using Lyapunov techniques

Ren, Wei

367

Governors of the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium: Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults Policy and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

15 Governors of the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium: Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable Adults drafted by considering law and government policies and procedures on safeguarding. A list has been as being safe and protected from harm. For the purposes of this Safeguarding policy the terms `child

368

Governors of the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium: Armagh Observatory Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

40 Governors of the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium: Armagh Observatory Safeguarding Children the procedures in place at the Observatory in order to achieve this aim. For the purposes of this Safeguarding on the legislative context and best practice for the protection of children: "Guidance on Safeguarding Children

369

SafeGuard: Safe Forwarding during Route Changes Dept. of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SafeGuard: Safe Forwarding during Route Changes Ang Li Dept. of Computer Science Duke University the design and evaluation of SafeGuard, an intra-domain routing system that can safely forward packets to their destinations even when routes are changing. SafeGuard is based on the simple idea that packets carry

Yang, Xiaowei

370

Governors of the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium: Armagh Observatory Safeguarding Children and Vulnerable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

35 Governors of the Armagh Observatory and Planetarium: Armagh Observatory Safeguarding Children the procedures in place at the Observatory in order to achieve this aim. For the purposes of this Safeguarding on the legislative context and best practice for the protection of children: "Guidance on Safeguarding Children

371

Next Generation Safeguards Initiative: Analysis of Probability of Detection of Plausible Diversion Scenarios at Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants Using Advanced Safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last decade, efforts by the safeguards community, including inspectorates, governments, operators and owners of centrifuge facilities, have given rise to new possibilities for safeguards approaches in enrichment plants. Many of these efforts have involved development of new instrumentation to measure uranium mass and uranium-235 enrichment and inspection schemes using unannounced and random site inspections. We have chosen select diversion scenarios and put together a reasonable system of safeguards equipment and safeguards approaches and analyzed the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed safeguards approach by predicting the probability of detection of diversion in the chosen safeguards approaches. We analyzed the effect of redundancy in instrumentation, cross verification of operator instrumentation by inspector instrumentation, and the effects of failures or anomalous readings on verification data. Armed with these esults we were able to quantify the technical cost benefit of the addition of certain instrument suites and show the promise of these new systems.

Hase, Kevin R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hawkins Erpenbeck, Heather [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Boyer, Brian D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

372

Privacy Collection Statement InvestSMART Financial Services Pty Ltd (`we, `us', `our') are committed to safeguarding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

') are committed to safeguarding your personal information. We collect your personal information and will use

Peters, Richard

373

The Los Alamos nuclear safeguards and nonproliferation technology development program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For nearly three decades, Los Alamos National Laboratory has developed and implemented nuclear measurement technology and training in support of national and international nuclear safeguards. This paper outlines the major elements of those technologies and highlights some of the latest developments.

Smith, H.A. Jr.; Menlove, H.O.; Reilly, T.D.; Bosler, G.E.; Hakkila, E.A.; Eccleston, G.W.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Safeguards Issues at Nuclear Reactors and Enrichment Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Agency's safeguards technical objective is the timely detection of diversion of significant quantities of nuclear material from peaceful nuclear activities to the manufacture of nuclear weapons or of other nuclear explosive devices or for purposes unknown, and deterrence of such diversion by the risk of early detection.

Boyer, Brian D [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

375

Long-term proliferation and safeguards issues in future technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the task was to assess the effect of potential new technologies, nuclear and non-nuclear, on safeguards needs and non-proliferation policies, and to explore possible solutions to some of the problems envisaged. Eight subdivisions were considered: New Enrichment Technologies; Non-Aqueous Reprocessing Technologies; Fusion; Accelerator-Driven Reactor Systems; New Reactor Types; Heavy Water and Deuterium; Long-Term Storage of Spent Fuel; and Other Future Technologies (Non-Nuclear). For each of these subdivisions, a careful review of the current world-wide effort in the field provided a means of subjectively estimating the viability and qualitative probability of fruition of promising technologies. Technologies for which safeguards and non-proliferation requirements have been thoroughly considered by others were not restudied here (e.g., the Fast Breeder Reactor). The time scale considered was 5 to 40 years for possible initial demonstration although, in some cases, a somewhat optimistic viewpoint was embraced. Conventional nuclear-material safeguards are only part of the overall non-proliferation regime. Other aspects are international agreements, export controls on sensitive technologies, classification of information, intelligence gathering, and diplomatic initiatives. The focus here is on safeguards, export controls, and classification.

Keisch, B.; Auerbach, C.; Fainberg, A.; Fiarman, S.; Fishbone, L.G.; Higinbotham, W.A.; Lemley, J.R.; O'Brien, J.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Project Report on Development of a Safeguards Approach for Pyroprocessing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Idaho National Laboratory has undertaken an effort to develop a standard safeguards approach for international commercial pyroprocessing facilities. This report details progress for the fiscal year 2010 effort. A component by component diversion pathway analysis has been performed, and has led to insight on the mitigation needs and equipment development needed for a valid safeguards approach. The effort to develop an in-hot cell detection capability led to the digital cloud chamber, and more importantly, the significant potential scientific breakthrough of the inverse spectroscopy algorithm, including the ability to identify energy and spatial location of gamma ray emitting sources with a single, non-complex, stationary radiation detector system. Curium measurements were performed on historical and current samples at the FCF to attempt to determine the utility of using gross neutron counting for accountancy measurements. A solid cost estimate of equipment installation at FCF has been developed to guide proposals and cost allocations to use FCF as a test bed for safeguards measurement demonstrations. A combined MATLAB and MCNPX model has been developed to perform detector placement calculations around the electrorefiner. Early harvesting has occurred wherein the project team has been requested to provide pyroprocessing technology and safeguards short courses.

Robert Bean

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System Reporting and Data Submission  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The manual provides clear and detailed instructions and procedures for documenting and reporting data submissions for nuclear materials transactions, inventories, and material balances to the Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System (NMMSS). Cancels DOE 5633.3B. Canceled by DOE M 474.1-2A.

1998-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

378

Safeguards Agreement and Protocol with the International Atomic Energy Agency  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To ensure that DOE complies with the Agreement Between the United States of America and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in the United States, the Protocol to the Agreement, and the subsidiary arrangements to the Agreement. Canceled by DOE O 142.2A. Cancels DOE 1270.2B.

2004-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

379

The US Support program to IAEA Safeguards - 2008  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Support Program to IAEA Safeguards (USSP) was established in 1977 to provide technical assistance to the IAEA Department of Safeguards. Since that time the U.S. Department of State has provided funding of over $200 million and over 900 tasks have been completed by USSP contractors on behalf of the KEA. The USSP is directed by a U.S. interagency subcommittee known as the Subgroup on Safeguards Technical Support (SSTS) and is managed by the International Safeguards Project Office (ISPO) at Brookhaven National Laboratory. In recent years, the SSTS and ISPO have identified priorities to guide the process of determining which IAEA requests are aligned with US. policy and will be funded. The USSP priorities are reviewed and updated prior to the USSP Annual Review Meeting which is hosted by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) each spring in Vienna, Austria. This paper will report on the 2008 USSP priorities and be an introduction for a session which will consist of four papers on USSP priorities and four other papers related to USSP activities.

Pepper,S.

2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

380

JGI - DOE Mission Relevance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

User Programs User Programs Project Management Office Community Science Program Emerging Technologies Opportunity Program Technology Development Pilot Program Genomic Encyc. of Bacteria and Archaea MyJGI: Information for Collaborators DOE Mission Relevance CSP | Overview | How to Propose a Project | Review Process | DOE Relevance Proposal Schedule | FAQ The Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) is managed by the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research (OBER) to produce high-throughput DNA sequencing and analysis in support of its missions in alternative energy, global carbon cycling, and biogeochemistry. These areas mirror DOE and national priorities to develop abundant sources of clean energy, to control greenhouse gas accumulation in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

The Little Biodiversity Finance Book | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Little Biodiversity Finance Book The Little Biodiversity Finance Book Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: The Little Biodiversity Finance Book Agency/Company /Organization: Global Canopy Programme Sector: Land Focus Area: Biomass, Forestry, Agriculture Topics: Finance Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: globalcanopy.org/themedia/file/PDFs/LBFB_lowres/lbfb_en.pdf The Little Biodiversity Finance Book Screenshot References: The Little Biodiversity Finance Book[1] Overview "This publication is a first attempt to understand and evaluate the range of options for financing biodiversity and ecosystem services. In compiling it, we have realised that whilst there is a wealth of information on this subject there is still much that we do not yet know or understand. In particular we found that evidence of the current scale of finance was

382

Tematea: Issue Based Modules for Coherent Implementation of Biodiversity  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tematea: Issue Based Modules for Coherent Implementation of Biodiversity Tematea: Issue Based Modules for Coherent Implementation of Biodiversity Conventions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Tematea: Issue Based Modules for Coherent Implementation of Biodiversity Conventions Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme, International Union for Conservation of Nature Sector: Land Topics: Implementation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity Resource Type: Guide/manual, Training materials, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.tematea.org Tematea: Issue Based Modules for Coherent Implementation of Biodiversity Conventions Screenshot References: Tematea[1] Summary "The TEMATEA Project on Issue-Based Modules supports a better and more coherent national implementation of biodiversity-related conventions

383

Processes that influence biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, and stability in grasslands.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Biodiversity is rapidly declining worldwide, and this may lead to subsequent declines in ecosystem functioning and stability. Here I consider whether: (i) stabilizing species interactions,… (more)

Isbell, Forest Isaac

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Processes that influence biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, and stability in grasslands.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Biodiversity is rapidly declining worldwide, and this may lead to subsequent declines in ecosystem functioning and stability. Here I consider whether: (i) stabilizing species… (more)

Isbell, Forest Isaac

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Cost-efficient conservation strategies for boreal forest biodiversity.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Long and intensive forest management has made conservation measures in the forest landscape necessary to maintain forest biodiversity. The most common measure is to set… (more)

Perhans, Karin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Genomics in the Discovery and Monitoring of Marine Biodiversity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marine biodiversity encompasses a range of hierarchical levels, including ... well as evolutionary potential and resilience, of marine taxa. In the face of accelerating environmental ... becomes increasingly urge...

G. R. Carvalho; S. Creer; Michael J. Allen; F. O. Costa…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Carbon Sequestration with Reforestations and Biodiversity-scenic Values  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an optimal control model to analyze reforestations with two different species, including commercial values, carbon sequestration and biodiversity or scenic values. We discuss ... of environmen...

Alejandro Caparrós; Emilio Cerdá; Paola Ovando…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Development of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy instrumentatin for safeguards applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In September 2006, a Technical Meeting on Application of Laser Spectrometry Techniques in IAEA Safeguards was held at IAEA headquarters (HQ). One of the principal recommendations from this meeting was the need to 'pursue the development of novel complementary access instrumentation based on laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for the detection of gaseous and solid signatures and indicators of nuclear fuel cycle processes and associated materials.' Pursuant to this recommendation the Department of Safeguards (SG) under the Division of Technical Support (SGTS) convened the Experts and Users Advisory Meeting on Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) for Safeguards Applications. This meeting was held at IAEA HQ from July 7-11,2008 and hosted by the Novel Technologies Unit (NTU). The meeting was attended by 12 LIBS experts from the Czech Republic, the European Commission, France, the Republic of Korea, the United States of America, Germany, the United Kingdom of Great Britain, Canada, and Northern Ireland. After a presentation of the needs of the IAEA inspectors, the LIBS experts were in agreement that needs as presented could be partially or fully fulfilled using LIBS instrumentation. The needs of the IAEA inspectors were grouped in the following broad categories: (1) Improvements to in-field measurements/environmental sampling; (2) Monitoring status of activity in a Hot Cell; (3) Verifying status of activity at a declared facility via process monitoring; and (4) Need for pre-screening of environmental samples before analysis. Under the Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) Los Alamos National Laboratory is exploring three potential applications of LIBS for international safeguards. As part of this work, we are developing: (1) a user-friendly man-portable LIBS system to characterize samples across a wide range of elements in the periodic table from hydrogen up to heavy elements like plutonium and uranium; (2) a LIBS system that can be deployed in harsh environments such as gloveboxes and hot cells providing relative compositional analysis of process streams for example ratios like Cm/Pu and Cm/U; and (3) an inspector field deployable system that can be used to analyze the elemental composition of microscopic quantities of samples containing plutonium and uranium. In this paper we will describe our current development and performance testing results both in a fixed lab and measurements in field deployable configurations using LIBS instrumentation developed for applications to international safeguards.

Barefield Il, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Clegg, Samuel M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Le, Loan A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lopez, Leon N [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Report to Estates and Buildings, University of Edinburgh Biodiversity Baseline Review and Preliminary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report to Estates and Buildings, University of Edinburgh Biodiversity Baseline Review Pollock Halls Biodiversity Audit 2 Acknowledgements John Turpin, Landscape Maintenance Officer, University Biodiversity Audit 3 Summary Rationale The information in this report is the first stage in the development

390

Territorial biodiversity and consequences on physico-chemical characteristics of pollen collected  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Territorial biodiversity and consequences on physico-chemical characteristics of pollen collected France, the physico- chemical composition of honey bee-collected pollen, the territorial biodiversity%). agrosystem / honeybee / floral biodiversity / pollen analysis / chemical analysis 1. INTRODUCTION Since 1962

391

Session Title Biodiversity Without Borders: A Global Problem Demanding Global Solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Session Title Biodiversity Without Borders: A Global Problem Biodiversity is the bedrock that sustains human societies and economies and scale. The threats biodiversity faces are inherently global and ultimately

Barnes, Elizabeth A.

392

Landscape connectivity promotes plant biodiversity spillover into non-target habitats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Landscape connectivity promotes plant biodiversity spillover into non-target habitats Lars A for review September 26, 2008) Conservation efforts typically focus on maximizing biodiversity in protected increasingly consider how management of protected areas can promote biodiversity beyond reserve borders

393

Biodiversity Conservation in Contemporary Landscapes, Stressors, and Ranges of Variability: Scientific and Social Views  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiversity Conservation in Contemporary Landscapes, Stressors, and Ranges of Variability the risks to conservation of indigenous biodiversity, and portray the difference between scientific structure and function that must be considered when assessing biodiversity conservation: 1) climate change

Schweik, Charles M.

394

Modeling Multiple Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity Conservation, Commodity Production, and Tradeoffs at Landscape Scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling Multiple Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity Conservation, Commodity Production ECOSYSTEM SERVICES_ 4 o Modeling multiple ecosystem services, biodiversity conservation, commodity tradeoff between biodiversity conservation and J?l ecosystem services. Scenarios involving more development

Vermont, University of

395

Global food security, biodiversity conservation and the future of agricultural intensification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global food security, biodiversity conservation and the future of agricultural intensification Teja increase, achieving efficient and productive agri- cultural land use while conserving biodiversity. In conclusion, linking agricultural intensifi- cation with biodiversity conservation and hunger reduction

396

Background and interpretation of the ‘Marine Trophic Index’ as a measure of biodiversity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...interpretation of the Marine Trophic Index as a measure of biodiversity Daniel Pauly * Reg Watson...other human impacts on marine biodiversity. 2. Trophic level...countries cannot monitor marine biodiversity if they do not monitor...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Marine incursion into East Asia: a forgotten driving force of biodiversity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the impact of marine incursion on extant biodiversity in continental...dynamics of biodiversity, as best demonstrated...2-4]. Marine incursions produce...glaciation and marine incursion on this region of rich biodiversity is just beginning...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Large–scale heterogeneity of the fossil record: implications for Phanerozoic biodiversity studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...changing surface area of marine shelf seas through time and its effect on biodiversity, remains problematic...surface outcrop area and marine biodiversity through the post-Palaeozoic...Huggett, J. M. 2000 Marine biodiversity through the late Cenomanian...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Bryozoan biodiversity in the New Zealand region and implications for marine conservation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marine biodiversity and its distribution in the New Zealand ... 1 and 2 (DS1 and DS2). Biodiversity was assessed using measures based on relatedness ... variation in taxonomic distinctness. High values of biodiversity

A.A. Rowden; R.M. Warwick; D.P. Gordon

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

The role of sustained observations in tracking impacts of environmental change on marine biodiversity and ecosystems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of environmental change on marine biodiversity and ecosystems N. Mieszkowska...marine sustained observations . Marine biodiversity currently faces unprecedented...activities have impacted on marine biodiversity. The contributions of sustained...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Marine Biodiversity and Conservation "One of the greatest scientific challenges facing society today is understanding,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Marine Biodiversity and Conservation "One of the greatest scientific challenges facing society W L T O N Director, Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, Scripps Institution the way in conducting the research essential for under- standing and conserving marine biodiversity

Levin, Lisa

402

Global Conservation of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Author(s): WILL R. TURNER, KATRINA BRANDON, THOMAS M. BROOKS, ROBERT COSTANZA,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Conservation of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Author(s): WILL R. TURNER, KATRINA, to analyze poten- tial synergies between conserving biodiversity and safe- guarding ecosystem services. Global-scale prioritization for biodiversity conservation is essential because biodiversity, threats

Vermont, University of

403

Consequence Management, Safeguards & Non-Proliferation Tools | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Consequence Consequence Management, Safeguards, and Non-Proliferation Tools SHARE Consequence Management, Safeguards and Non-Proliferation Tools UF 6 Enrichment Facility Visualization of the gamma radiation field in a mock-up of a UF-6 enrichment facility. The solution was generated on a desktop computer using ORNL's Denovo SN transport code and ADVANTG interface, using geometry and material descriptions from an NRL SWORD input file. ORNL is a leader in developing state-of-the-art radiation transport modeling and simulation tools and in applying these tools to solve challenging problems in national and global nuclear security. Recent developments in high-performance, high-fidelity, deterministic Monte Carlo, and hybrid Monte Carlo/deterministic radiation transport codes within

404

FAQS Job Task Analyses - Safeguards and Security General Technical Base  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

for Safeguards ad Security General Technical Base FAQS for Safeguards ad Security General Technical Base FAQS August 2012 STEP 1: Job Task Analysis Worksheet for Tasks Task Source Importance Frequency #1 Understand the relationship of law (Federal and State), regulations and Departmental Directives S&S GTB FAQ 4 4 #2 Understand basic nuclear fundamentals S&S GTB FAQ 2 2 #3 Understand basic Environmental hazards, environmental laws, regulations and Departmental Directives S&S GTB FAQ 2 2 #4 Understand Safety/Health/Quality Requirements, Laws, Management Systems and Worker Safety Departmental Directives S&S GTB FAQ 2 2 #5 Understand CONOPS and Emergency Management System laws, regulations and Departmental Directives S&S GTB FAQ 3 1 #6 Understand facility safety and safety, design

405

Research helps safeguard nuclear workers worldwide - Argonne's Historical  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research helps safeguard nuclear workers Research helps safeguard nuclear workers worldwide About Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us Nuclear Energy Why Nuclear Energy? Why are some people afraid of Nuclear Energy? How do nuclear reactors work? Cheaper & Safer Nuclear Energy Helping to Solve the Nuclear Waste Problem Nuclear Reactors Nuclear Reactors Early Exploration Training Reactors Basic and Applied Science Research LWR Technology Development BORAX-III lighting Arco, Idaho (Press Release) Heavy Water and Graphite Reactors Fast Reactor Technology Integral Fast Reactor Argonne Reactor Tree CP-1 70th Anniversary CP-1 70th Anniversary Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy

406

Innovative cement helps DOE safeguard nuclear facilities | Argonne National  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Innovative cement helps DOE safeguard nuclear facilities Innovative cement helps DOE safeguard nuclear facilities By Jared Sagoff * April 25, 2008 Tweet EmailPrint ARGONNE, Ill. - When Argonne materials scientists Arun Wagh and Dileep Singh initially developed Ceramicrete®, a novel phosphate cement that stabilizes radioactive waste streams, they did not immediately recognize that with one or two extra ingredients, the cement could solve another problem in the nuclear complex. In the course of the development of the Ceramicrete technology, Wagh and Singh formed a multilayered collaboration among Argonne, the Russian Federal Nuclear Center (VNIIEF) in Sarov, Russia, and Ceradyne Boron Products LLC. This international scientific partnership created an unusually efficient nuclear shield that blocks the neutrons and gamma rays

407

A flexible safeguarding system for experimental set-ups  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modular safeguarding system is described. It has only two elements, a sensor module and a command module. It is assumed that the sensors have a normal output state corresponding to a closed switch contact. Each sensor module passes on the state of a sensor by multiple (electrically independent) relay contacts. Each device is activated by a command module with two sensing circuits which are wired through the appropriate sensor modules. Overruling of the output of a sensor module in an 'unsafe' state is possible by means of a front panel switch. This is indicated by a panel light, and the input, i.e. the state of the sensor, is still indicated. Designing and wiring a safeguarding system is very simple and the experimenter need only design the system logic, i.e. decide for each command module the sensor modules on which the operation of the device depends.

H C W Beijerinck; A H M Habets; B W L M Sessink; N F Verster

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Safeguards instrumentation: a computer-based catalog. Second edition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This catalog contains entries on new developments and on items listed in BNL 51450, which have either been carried over unchanged or been updated. More than 70 entries were deleted because of either obsolescence, insufficient interest in terms of safeguards, or lack of documentable development activities in recent years. Some old listings as well as new material was consolidated into more generic entries. As in the earlier document, the emphasis is on devices and instruments that are either in field use at this time or under active development. A few items such as NDA reference materials, instrument vans and certain shipping containers are included because they are important adjuncts to optimum utilization of safeguards instrumentation. This catalog does not include devices for physical protection. As was the case with its predecessor, most of the material in this catalog originated in the US and Canada; a few contributions came from member states of the European Community.

Auerbach, C.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Seeing biodiversity through the farmer's eyes: A photovoice analysis in Story County, Iowa.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this study is to understand farmer's perceptions of biodiversity and how it relates to their sense of self. Biodiversity is a concept… (more)

Oliveira, Caroline Felix

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Funding Opportunity: Advancing Digitization of Biodiversity Collections (ADBC) Sponsor: National Science Foundation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Funding Opportunity: Advancing Digitization of Biodiversity Collections (ADBC) Sponsor: National, is a rich resource providing the baseline from which to further biodiversity research and provide critical

Suzuki, Masatsugu

411

Does District Planning under the Resource Management Act 1991 Protect Biodiversity?.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Biodiversity decline has continued at a rapid pace in New Zealand in the past 15 years (OECD 2007), in spite of specific provisions for biodiversity… (more)

Bellingham, Mark

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Assessment of Biodiversity Impacts in Swedish Forestry - Attitudes and Experiences in the Product Chain.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Biodiversity is decreasing and is expected to decrease even more in the future. The fundamental roles of biodiversity make this decrease critical and impacts on… (more)

Arn, Kristina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Biodiversity and phylogeography of Arctic marine fauna: insights from molecular tools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Incorporation of molecular tools into biodiversity and biogeographic studies can help to address ... among extant populations. Novel discoveries in Arctic marine biodiversity and biogeography are increasing due t...

Sarah Mincks Hardy; Christina M. Carr; Michael Hardman; Dirk Steinke…

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

E-Print Network 3.0 - applied biodiversity science Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

biodiversity science Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: applied biodiversity science Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Science Theme Reports...

415

Protection and Control of Safeguards and Security Interests  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish policy, responsibilities, and authorities for the protection and control of safeguards and security interests. Cancels DOE O 5632.1B, DOE O 5632.2A, DOE O 5632.5, DOE O 5632.6, DOE O 5632.9A, DOE O 5632.11, DOE O 5635.1A, DOE O 5635.2B, DOE O 5635.3. Canceled by DOE O 473.1

1994-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

Determining information management needs for enhanced international safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Safeguards Information Management System initiative is a program of the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Office of Arms Control and Nonproliferation aimed at supporting the International Atomic Energy Agency`s (IAEA) efforts to strengthen safeguards through the enhancement of information management capabilities. The DOE hopes to provide the IAEA with the ability to correlate and analyze data from existing and new sources of information, including publicly available information, information on imports and exports, design information, environmental monitoring data, and non-safeguards information. The first step in this effort is to identify and define IAEA requirements. In support of this, we have created a users` requirements document based on interviews with IAEA staff that describes the information management needs of the end user projected by the IAEA, including needs for storage, retrieval, analysis, communication, and visualization of data. Also included are characteristics of the end user and attributes of the current environment. This paper describes our efforts to obtain the required information. We discuss how to accurately represent user needs and involve users for an international organization with a multi-cultural user population. We describe our approach, our experience in setting up and conducting the interviews and brainstorming sessions, and a brief discussion of what we learned.

Badalamente, R.V. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); DeLand, S.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Whiteson, R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Anzelon, G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Evolutionary history and the effect of biodiversity on plant productivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evolutionary history and the effect of biodiversity on plant productivity Marc W. Cadottea,b,1, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 Edited by Michael J of biodiversity metrics (especially the number of species and functional groups). This body of re- search has

Minnesota, University of

418

Provisional chapter1 Marine Biodiversity and Chemodiversity --The Treasure2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Provisional chapter1 Marine Biodiversity and Chemodiversity -- The Treasure2 Troves of the Future3 spot. The extraordinary biodiversity of17 coral reefs is maintained by a highly complex chemical recently been aware of the extraordinary potential marine molecules for23 the design of new drugs

Boyer, Edmond

419

Biodiversity, productivity and stability in real food webs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiversity, productivity and stability in real food webs Boris Worm1 and J. Emmett Duffy2 1 Institute for Marine Science, Du¨ sternbrooker Weg 20, 24105 Kiel, Germany 2 School of Marine Science, The College of William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA 23062­1346, USA The global biodiversity crisis has

Duffy, J. Emmett

420

Quantifying temporal change in biodiversity: challenges and opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review Quantifying temporal change in biodiversity: challenges and opportunities Maria Dornelas1 Solutions Initiative, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469, USA 11 Department of Botany and Biodiversity Mathematics, Ecole Polytechnique, UMR 7641 CNRS, 91128 Palaiseau, France 13 Marine Spatial Ecology Laboratory

Vellend, Mark

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

PERSPECTIVES Biodiversity loss, trophic skew and ecosystem functioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IDEAS AND PERSPECTIVES Biodiversity loss, trophic skew and ecosystem functioning J. Emmett Duffy School of Marine Science & Virginia Institute of Marine Science, The College of William and Mary biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning have been criticized on the basis that their random

Duffy, J. Emmett

422

Spatial Modeling of Geographic Patterns in Biodiversity and Biofuel Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial Modeling of Geographic Patterns in Biodiversity and Biofuel Production How can the US of biodiversity. The future of the biofuel industry will depend on public investment and trust that industry for increasing biofuel production have already come under fire because of real and perceived threats

423

Production and Characterization of Plutonium Dioxide Particles as a Quality Control Material for Safeguards Purposes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production and Characterization of Plutonium Dioxide Particles as a Quality Control Material for Safeguards Purposes ... Although U particles are of major interest in swipe samples from enrichment facilities, Pu particles are of high interest for safeguarding reactors with hot cells, reprocessing, and research and development facilities. ... The environmental sampling for safeguard (ESS) system is presented, that was useful to monitor trace radioactive pollution in the environment and to detect nuclear activities. ...

Taeko Shinonaga; David Donohue; Helmut Aigner; Stefan Bürger; Dilani Klose; Teemu Kärkelä; Riitta Zilliacus; Ari Auvinen; Olivier Marie; Fabien Pointurier

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

424

Making it My IDEA: Notice of Procedural Safeguards Designed for Increased Readability.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Procedural safeguards have been in place for years with the intention of protecting the rights of parents and their children with disabilities. Despite the promises… (more)

Dinnesen, Megan S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Safeguard dilemmas: The need for practical special and differential treatment for developing countries .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Safeguards are among the most controversial of all trade remedies, due to the fact that they are contrary to the general principles of international fair… (more)

Lebero, Karugarama Richard.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

E-Print Network 3.0 - agency iaea safeguards Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: in Nuclear Nonproliferation, Safeguards, and Security International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)- Located... in Vienna, Austria, the IAEA is the interna- tional...

427

The political economy of emergency safeguard measures in trade in services agreements.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Although escape clauses and safeguard measures found in most international agreements are theoretically deemed as uncertainty management devices that help to facilitate cooperation among states,… (more)

Mohamed Khalid, Nor Arlinda

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Assessing the Impacts of a Special Safeguard Mechanism for Agriculture in the Doha Development Agenda.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The agricultural negotiations in the World Trade Organizationâs (WTO) Doha Development Agenda (DDA) are calling for a specific Special Safeguard Mechanism (SSM) for developing countries… (more)

Weeks, Heather Ashley

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

A framework for nuclear facility safeguard evaluation using probabilistic methods and expert elicitation .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??With the advancement of the next generation of nuclear fuel cycle facilities, concerns of the effectiveness of nuclear facility safeguards have been increasing due to… (more)

Iamsumang, Chonlagarn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated safeguards system Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Contact: Division Director: Alan S. Icenhour, Ph.D. Summary: areas. Leadership Areas: Nuclear Radiation Detection Safeguards Systems Development, Testing... Transportation...

431

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced safeguards technology Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measurements with Three-Dimensional Laser Scanning System and Coded-Aperture Gamma-Ray Imaging Systems for International Safeguards Applications Summary: -Ray Imaging...

432

Development of Superconducting High-Resolution Gamma-Ray Spectrometers for Nuclear Safeguards  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of smuggling. Today, nuclear security is significantly morecritical importance of nuclear security, stating that thereJ. Doyle. Nuclear Safeguards, Security and Nonproliferation:

Dreyer, Jonathan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

biodiversity over the past two decades, but, except for a few flagship species, detailed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

biodiversity over the past two decades, but, except for a few flagship species, detailed studies disturbance from increased navigation are also likely to negatively impact the riverine biodiversity. To alleviate these problems and conserve biodiversity, establishing nature reserves in biodiversity hotspots

Li, Zhanqing

434

Forest Research Annual Report and Accounts 2003200414 Biodiversity assessment in planted  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forest Research Annual Report and Accounts 2003­200414 Biodiversity assessment in planted forests Publication of the results of the Biodiversity Assessment programme: Biodiversity in Britain's planted forests programme that investigated 54 plots of one hectare in 16 forests to capture a picture of the biodiversity

435

Biodiversity Regulation of Ecosystem Services Coordinating Lead Authors: Sandra Diaz, David Tilman, Joseph Fargione  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.3.5 Biodiversity Effects on Human Disease Regulation 11.4 Biodiversity Effects on the Provision of Marine Ecosystem.4.1 Invasion Resistance 11.4.2 Direct and Indirect Interactions between Marine Species 11.4.3 BiodiversityChapter 11 Biodiversity Regulation of Ecosystem Services Coordinating Lead Authors: Sandra Di

Minnesota, University of

436

Measuring marine fish biodiversity: temporal changes in abundance, life history and demography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and G. M. Mace Measuring marine fish biodiversity: temporal changes in abundance...B3H 4J1 Canada Patterns in marine fish biodiversity can be assessed by quantifying...marine fish recovery and biodiversity. marine conservation biology|biodiversity...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Draft Avian Conservation Plan for the Sierra Nevada Bioregion: Conservation priorities and strategies for safeguarding Sierra bird populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and strategies for safeguarding Sierra bird populations A Project of California Partners in Flight and Institute priorities and strategies for safeguarding Sierra bird populations. Institute for Bird Populations report

DeSante, David F.

438

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations into Environmental Impact Analysis under NEPA  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under the National Environmental Policy Act Incorporating Biodiversity Considerations Into Environmental Impact Analysis Under the National Environmental Policy Act CouncilonEnvironmental Quality Executive Officeof thePresident 722Jackson Place, NW Washington, DC 20503 January 1993 This report presents the results of consultations by the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) concerning the consideration of biological diversity in analyses prepared under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). This report is intended to provide background on the emerging, complex subject of biodi- versity, outline some general concepts that underlie biological diversity analysis and man-

439

Defining the needs for gas centrifuge enrichment plants advanced safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current safeguards approaches used by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) at gas centrifuge enrichment plants (GCEPs) need enhancement in order to verify declared low-enriched (LEU) production, detect undeclared LEU production and detect highly enriched uranium (HEU) production with adequate detection probability using nondestructive assay (NDA) techniques. At present inspectors use attended systems, systems needing the presence of an inspector for operation, during inspections to verify the mass and {sup 235}U enrichment of declared UF{sub 6} containers used in the process of enrichment at GCEPs. In verifying declared LEU production, the inspectors also take samples for off-site destructive assay (DA) which provide accurate data, with 0.1% to 0.5% measurement uncertainty, on the enrichment of the UF{sub 6} feed, tails, and product. However, taking samples of UF{sub 6} for off-site analysis is a much more labor and resource intensive exercise for the operator and inspector. Furthermore, the operator must ship the samples off-site to the IAEA laboratory which delays the timeliness of results and interruptions to the continuity of knowledge (CofK) of the samples during their storage and transit. This paper contains an analysis of possible improvements in unattended and attended NDA systems such as process monitoring and possible on-site analysis of DA samples that could reduce the uncertainty of the inspector's measurements and provide more effective and efficient IAEA GCEPs safeguards. We also introduce examples advanced safeguards systems that could be assembled for unattended operation.

Boyer, Brian David [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Erpenbeck, Heather H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Miller, Karen A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ianakiev, Kiril [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Marlowe, Johnna B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Notice of Intent to Develop an Information Sharing and Safeguarding Program Notice  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This memorandum provides justification for establishing a Directive that sets forth requirements and responsibilities for the Department of Energy's (DOE) Information Sharing and Safeguarding (ISS) Program for the responsible sharing and safeguarding of Agency information to enhance national security, protect the safety of the American people, and encourage sustained collaboration between Federal, state, local, tribal, territorial, private sector, and foreign partners,

2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Improving Transparency in the Reporting of Safeguards Implementation: FY11 Update  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2008, the Standing Advisory Group on Safeguards Implementation (SAGSI) indicated that the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) Safeguards Implementation Report (SIR) has not kept pace with the evolution of safeguards and provided the IAEA with a set of recommendations for improvement. The SIR is the primary mechanism for providing an overview of safeguards implementation in a given year and reporting on the annual safeguards findings and conclusions drawn by the Secretariat. As the IAEA transitions to State-level safeguards approaches, SIR reporting must adapt to reflect these evolutionary changes. This evolved report will better reflect the IAEA's transition to a more qualitative and information-driven approach, based upon State-as-a-whole considerations. This paper applies SAGSI's recommendations to the development of multiple models for an evolved SIR and finds that an SIR repurposed as a 'safeguards portal' could significantly enhance information delivery, clarity, and transparency. In addition, this paper finds that the 'portal concept' also appears to have value as a standardized information presentation and analysis platform for use by Country Officers, for continuity of knowledge purposes, and the IAEA Secretariat in the safeguards conclusion process. Accompanying this paper is a fully functional prototype of the 'portal' concept, built using commercial software and IAEA Annual Report data and available for viewing at http://safeguardsportal.pnnl.gov.

Toomey, Christopher; Odlaug, Christopher S.; Wyse, Evan T.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

442

Selenoproteins act as a safeguard against selenium-induced cytotoxicity in prostate cancer cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2011; San Francisco, CA Abstract A26: Autophagy acts as a safeguard mechanism against G-quadruplex ligand-mediated telomere...response and provide the first evidence of autophagy as a safeguard mechanism activated by melanoma cells to counteract drug-mediated...

Rayudu Gopalakrishna; Jason Schiffman; Usha Gundimeda

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

443

Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System Working Group Charter  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

DRAFT 2011 DRAFT 2011 DRAFT 2011 Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards System Working Group Charter VERSION: 0 REVISION DATE: May 2011 Approver Name Title Signature Date DRAFT 2011 DRAFT 2011 NMMSS Working Group Charter PURPOSE The NMMSS Working Group (NWG) serves as an open forum for discussion of issues and concerns from the NMMSS User community. The Committee will provide an interface between NMMSS users, NMMSS sponsors and the NMMSS project staff. Activities may include: Identifying user needs Identifying deficiencies in reporting capabilities Recommending upgrades to software capabilities Recommending priorities for modifications Recommending enhancements to data Minimizing the reporting burden on the reporting community

444

Safeguarding Children We promote children's rights to be strong, resilient and to develop a positive self image, which  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safeguarding Children We promote children's rights to be strong, resilient and to develop regular training to ensure good knowledge of safeguarding children. · All staff, parents, volunteers and students are aware of our safeguarding policies and procedures · Before any post is offered two references

Anderson, Jim

445

Policy ReseaRch WoRking PaPeR 4680 Safeguards and Antidumping in Latin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy ReseaRch WoRking PaPeR 4680 Safeguards and Antidumping in Latin American Trade Agreement on Tariffs and Trade/World Trade Organization-sanctioned safeguards and antidumping mechanisms supported liberalization; the economic content did not. #12;Safeguards and Antidumping in Latin American

446

Obstacle Avoidance and Safeguarding for a Lunar Rover Reid Simmons, Lars Henriksen, Lonnie Chrisman and Greg Whelan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Obstacle Avoidance and Safeguarding for a Lunar Rover Reid Simmons, Lars Henriksen, Lonnie Chrisman 15213 Abstract We are developing techniques for safeguarding the remote operation of lunar rovers and dependably. The idea, which we call "safeguarded teleoperation," [9] is to let the humans guide the rover

Simmons, Reid

447

Development and Evaluation of a Safeguards System Concept for a Pebble-Fueled High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................................................................... 24 8 Flow diagram for an Advanced CANDU reactor ..................................... 27 9 Implementation of safeguards measures at a CANDU facility using video surveillance and radiation monitors... ................................................ 28 10 Implementation of safeguards measures at a CANDU facility using core discharge monitor.............................................................................. 28 11 Primary safeguards measures at MONJU Fast Reactor in Japan...

Gitau, Ernest Travis Ngure

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

448

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Next-Generation Safeguards Initiative: Human Capital Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2007, the US Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) Office of Nonproliferation and International Security (NA-24) completed a comprehensive review of the current and potential future challenges facing the international safeguards system. The review examined • trends and events that have an effect on the mission of international safeguards; • the implications of expanding and evolving mission requirements of the legal authorities and institutions that serve as the foundation of the international safeguards system; and • the technological, financial, and human resources required for effective safeguards implementation. The review’s findings and recommendations were summarized in the report International Safeguards: Challenges and Opportunities for the 21st Century (October 2007).1 The executive summary is available at the following link: http://nnsa.energy.gov/sites/default/files/nnsa/inlinefiles/NGSI_Report.pdf.

Gilligan, Kimberly [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Development of nuclear materials accounting for international safeguards: The past, the present, the future  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear materials accountancy was introduced as a primary safeguards measure in international safeguards from the inception of the EURATOM safeguards directorate in 1959 and IAEA safeguards in 1961 with the issuance of INFCIRC 26. As measurement technology evolved and safeguarded facilities increased in both number and size, measurement methodology requirements increased as reflected in INFCIRC 66 (Rev 2.) in 1968 and later in INFCIRC 153 in 1972. Early measurements relied heavily on chemical analysis, but in the 1960s it evolved more and more toward nondestructive assay. Future nuclear materials accountancy systems will increase in complexity, driven by larger and more complex facilities; more stringent health, safety, and environmental considerations; and unattended automation in facility operations. 15 refs.

Markin, J.T.; Augustson, R.H.; Eccleston, G.W.; Hakkila, E.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Integration of Biodiversity into National Forestry Planning: An Annotated  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integration of Biodiversity into National Forestry Planning: An Annotated Integration of Biodiversity into National Forestry Planning: An Annotated Bibliography of Web-Based Resources, Methods, Experiences, and Case Studies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Integration of Biodiversity into National Forestry Planning: An Annotated Bibliography of Web-Based Resources, Methods, Experiences, and Case Studies Agency/Company /Organization: Center for International Forestry Research Partner: United Nations Environment Programme, Global Environment Facility Sector: Land Focus Area: Forestry Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.unep.org/bpsp/forestry/forestry%20annotated%20bibliography/annotat References: Integration of Biodiversity into National Forestry Planning: An Annotated Bibliography of Web-Based Resources, Methods, Experiences, and Case Studies[1]

451

European Atlas of Soil Biodiversity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

European Atlas of Soil Biodiversity European Atlas of Soil Biodiversity Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: European Atlas of Soil Biodiversity Agency/Company /Organization: European Commission Joint Research Centre Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: eusoils.jrc.ec.europa.eu/library/maps/biodiversity_atlas/Documents/Bio UN Region: "Western & Eastern Europe" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

452

West Lothian Biodiversity Action Plan: Oil Shale Bings   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report establishes the importance of the West Lothian oil-shale bings at both a national (UK) and local (West Lothian) scale, for their contribution to local biodiversity, their historical importance, their education ...

Harvie, Barbra

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Marine biology: the role of accommodation in shaping marine biodiversity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A review of evidence from two kinds of studies conducted in the marine environment suggests a species relationship not previously ... may have contributed to historical rises of global biodiversity.

John C. Briggs

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

The Impacts of Human Activities on Marine Biodiversity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main reasons put forward for biodiversity conservation and research typically fall into three...conserving life in the oceans is a moral and ethical responsibility, seeing the pleasure, wealth and welfare som...

Philippe Goulletquer; Philippe Gros; Gilles Boeuf…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

A History of Marine Biodiversity Scientific Research in Costa Rica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marine biodiversity scientific research in Costa Rica started in ... the seas worldwide. The first publications on marine organisms collected in Costa Rica were published ... sees the contributions of the first C...

Jorge Cortés

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Marine Biodiversity of Costa Rica: Perspectives and Conclusions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

According to the numbers presented in the different taxonomic chapters of the present book, the marine biodiversity of Costa Rica comprises a total of ... species, representing about 3.5% of all marine species re...

Ingo S. Wehrtmann; Jorge Cortés…

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

The biodiversity of macrofaunal organisms in marine sediments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marine sediments cover most of the ocean bottom, ... size. Globally, only a small portion of marine habitats have been sampled for macrofauna, but ... global syntheses of patterns of individual taxa and biodiversity

Paul V.R. Snelgrove

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Coastal-marine discontinuities and synergisms: implications for biodiversity conservation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coastal-marine biodiversity conservation must focus increasingly at the level ... multiscale, integrated dynamics of weather, ice, marine mammal feeding, and community structure. In ... systems depend upon the co...

G. Carleton Ray

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Marine Biodiversity: Why We Need It in Earth System Science  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The term “biodiversity” is used to described the variety that is found in living organisms and their habitats. It is not a term that is easy to define or measure in scientific terms, and many scientists were l...

Katherine Richardson

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Prehistoric human impact on rainforest biodiversity in highland New Guinea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...findings for ecosystem conservation and sustainability...hummocks separated by pools of water, creating a sparse...government, conservation biologists and...Indo-Pacific Warm Pool and El Nino-southern...Biodiversity and conservation of the native flora...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Pesticide use and biodiversity conservation in the Amazonian agricultural frontier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...distribution, use and disposal of agrochemicals [41]. At local level, the enforcement...filled by technicians linked to the agrochemical industry (e.g. 80% of all available...landscapes: a review on landscape composition, biodiversity and natural pest control...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Safeguards and security by design (SSBD) for the domestic threat - theft and sabotage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Safeguards by Design (SBD) is receiving significant interest with respect to international safeguards objectives. However, less attention has been focused on the equally important topic of domestic Safeguards and Security by Design (SSBD), which addresses requirements such as those of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in the United States. While international safeguards are concerned with detecting State diversion of nuclear material from peaceful to nuclear explosives purposes, domestic Material Protection, Control and Accounting measures (MPC&A) are focused on non-State theft and sabotage. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has described the Safeguards by Design (SBD) concept as an approach in which 'international safeguards are fully integrated into the design process of a new nuclear facility from the initial planning through design, construction, operation, and decommissioning.' This same concept is equally applicable to SSBD for domestic requirements. The United States Department of Energy (DOE) has initiated a project through its Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) and more specifically its Fuel Cycle Research and Development (FCRD) program, to develop a domestic SSBD discipline and methodology in parallel with similar efforts sponsored by the DOE Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) and the IAEA for international safeguards. This activity includes the participation of industry (through DOE-sponsored contracts) and DOE National Laboratories. This paper will identify the key domestic safeguards and security requirements (i.e. MC&A and physical protection) and explain how and why Safeguards and Security by Design (SSBD) is important and beneficial for the design of future US nuclear energy systems.

Demuth, Scott F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mullen, Mark [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

463

Implementation of remove monitoring in facilities under safeguards with unattended systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Remote monitoring is being applied by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) at nuclear facilities around the world. At the Monju Reactor in Japan we have designed, developed and implemented a remote monitoring approach that can serve as a model for applying remote monitoring to facilities that are already under full-scope safeguards using unattended instrumentation. Remote monitoring implementations have historically relied upon the use of specialized data collection hardware and system design features that integrate remote monitoring into the safeguards data collection system. The integration of remote monitoring and unattended data collection increases the complexity of safeguards data collection systems. This increase in complexity necessarily produces a corresponding reduction of system reliability compared to less-complex unattended monitoring systems. At the Monju facility we have implemented a remote monitoring system that is decoupled from the activity of safeguards data collection. In the completed system the function of remote data transfer is separated from the function of safeguards data collection. As such, a failure of the remote monitoring function cannot produce an associated loss of safeguards data, as is possible with integrated remote-monitoring implementations. Currently, all safeguards data from this facility is available to the IAEA on a 24/7 basis. This facility employs five radiation-based unattended systems, video surveillance and numerous optical seal systems. The implementation of remote monitoring at this facility, while increasing the complexity of the safeguards system, is designed to avoid any corresponding reduction in reliability of the safeguards data collection systems by having decoupled these functions. This design and implementation can serve as a model for implementation of remote monitoring at nuclear facilities that currently employ unattended safeguards systems.

Beddingfield, David H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nordquist, Heather A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Umebayaashi, Eiji [JAEA

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Fully integrated safeguards and security for reprocessing plant monitoring.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear fuel reprocessing plants contain a wealth of plant monitoring data including material measurements, process monitoring, administrative procedures, and physical protection elements. Future facilities are moving in the direction of highly-integrated plant monitoring systems that make efficient use of the plant data to improve monitoring and reduce costs. The Separations and Safeguards Performance Model (SSPM) is an analysis tool that is used for modeling advanced monitoring systems and to determine system response under diversion scenarios. This report both describes the architecture for such a future monitoring system and present results under various diversion scenarios. Improvements made in the past year include the development of statistical tests for detecting material loss, the integration of material balance alarms to improve physical protection, and the integration of administrative procedures. The SSPM has been used to demonstrate how advanced instrumentation (as developed in the Material Protection, Accounting, and Control Technologies campaign) can benefit the overall safeguards system as well as how all instrumentation is tied into the physical protection system. This concept has the potential to greatly improve the probability of detection for both abrupt and protracted diversion of nuclear material.

Duran, Felicia Angelica; Ward, Rebecca; Cipiti, Benjamin B.; Middleton, Bobby D.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Application of safeguards technology in DOE's environmental restoration program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the last two decades, the Department of Energy's Office of Safeguards and Security (DOE/OSS) has supported the research and development of safeguards systems analysis methodologies and nondestructive assay (NDS) technology for characterizing, monitoring, and accounting nuclear materials. This paper discusses methodologies and NDA instrumentation developed by the DOE/OSS program that could be applied in the Environmental Restoration Program. NDA instrumentation could be used for field measurements during site characterization and to monitor nuclear materials, heavy metals, and other hazardous materials during site remediation. Systems methodologies can minimize the expenditure of resources and help specify appropriate combinations of NDA instrumentation and chemical analyses to characterize a variety of materials quickly and reduce personnel exposure in hazardous environments. A training program is available to teach fundamental and advanced principles and approaches to characterize and quantify nuclear materials properly and to organize and analyze measurement information for decision making. The ability to characterize the overall volume and distribution of materials at a waste site is difficult because of the inhomogeneous distribution of materials, the requirement for extreme sensitivity, and the lack of resources to collect and chemically analyze a sufficient number of samples. Using a systems study approach based on statistical sampling, the resources necessary to characterize a site can be enhanced by appropriately combining in situ and field NDA measurements with laboratory analyses. 35 refs., 1 figs., 2 tabs.

Eccleston, G.W.; Baker, M.P.; Hansen, W.R.; Lucas, M.C.; Markin, J.T.; Phillips, J.R.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

New Measures to Safeguard Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants (GCEPs) increase in separative work unit (SWU) capacity, the current International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) model safeguards approach needs to be strengthened. New measures to increase the effectiveness of the safeguards approach are being investigated that will be mutually beneficial to the facility operators and the IAEA. One of the key concepts being studied for application at future GCEPs is embracing joint use equipment for process monitoring of load cells at feed and withdrawal (F/W) stations. A mock F/W system was built at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to generate and collect F/W data from an analogous system. The ORNL system has been used to collect data representing several realistic normal process and off-normal (including diversion) scenarios. Emphasis is placed on the novelty of the analysis of data from the sensors as well as the ability to build information out of raw data, which facilitates a more effective and efficient verification process. This paper will provide a progress report on recent accomplishments and next steps.

Whitaker, Jr., James [ORNL; Garner, James R [ORNL; Whitaker, Michael [ORNL; Lockwood, Dunbar [U.S. Department of Energy, NNSA; Gilligan, Kimberly V [ORNL; Younkin, James R [ORNL; Hooper, David A [ORNL; Henkel, James J [ORNL; Krichinsky, Alan M [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

The US Support Program to IAEA Safeguards Priority of Training and Human Resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Support Program to IAEA Safeguards (USSP) priority of training and human resources is aimed at providing the Department of Safeguards with an appropriate mixture of regular staff and extrabudgetary experts who are qualified to meet the IAEA's technical needs and to provide personnel with appropriate instruction to improve the technical basis and specific skills needed to perform their job functions. The equipment and methods used in inspection activities are unique, complex, and evolving. New and experienced safeguards inspectors need timely and effective training to perform required tasks and to learn new skills prescribed by new safeguards policies or agreements. The role of the inspector has changed from that of strictly an accountant to include that of a detective. New safeguards procedures are being instituted, and therefore, experienced inspectors must be educated on these new procedures. The USSP also recognizes the need for training safeguards support staff, particularly those who maintain and service safeguards equipment (SGTS), and those who perform information collection and analysis (SGIM). The USSP is committed to supporting the IAEA with training to ensure the effectiveness of all staff members and will continue to offer its assistance in the development and delivery of basic, refresher, and advanced training courses. This paper will discuss the USSP ongoing support in the area of training and IAEA staffing.

Queirolo,A.

2008-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

468

Termination of Safeguards for Accountable Nuclear Materials at the Idaho National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Termination of safeguards ends requirements of Nuclear Material Control and Accountability (MC&A) and thereby removes the safeguards basis for applying physical protection requirements for theft and diversion of nuclear material, providing termination requirements are met as described. Department of Energy (DOE) M 470.4 6 (Nuclear Material Control and Accountability [8/26/05]) stipulates: 1. Section A, Chapter I (1)( q) (1): Safeguards can be terminated on nuclear materials provided the following conditions are met: (a) 'If the material is special nuclear material (SNM) or protected as SNM, it must be attractiveness level E and have a measured value.' (b) 'The material has been determined by DOE line management to be of no programmatic value to DOE.' (c) 'The material is transferred to the control of a waste management organization where the material is accounted for and protected in accordance with waste management regulations. The material must not be collocated with other accountable nuclear materials.' Requirements for safeguards termination depend on the safeguards attractiveness levels of the material. For attractiveness level E, approval has been granted from the DOE Idaho Operations Office (DOE ID) to Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC (BEA) Safeguards and Security (S&S). In some cases, it may be necessary to dispose of nuclear materials of attractiveness level D or higher. Termination of safeguards for such materials must be approved by the Departmental Element (this is the DOE Headquarters Office of Nuclear Energy) after consultation with the Office of Security.

Michael Holzemer; Alan Carvo

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Future challenges and DOE/NNSA-JAEA cooperation for the development of advanced safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) has been cooperating with Japan on nuclear safeguards for over thirty years. DOE/NNSA has collaborated with the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) and its predecessors in addressing the need for innovative solutions to nuclear transparency and verification issues in one of the world's most advanced nuclear fuel cycle states. This collaboration includes over ninety activities that have involved nearly every facility in the JAEA complex and many national laboratories in the U.S. complex. The partnership has yielded new technologies and approaches that have benefited international safeguards not only in Japan, but around the world. The International Atomic Energy Agency uses a number of safeguards solutions developed under this collaboration to improve its inspection efforts in Japan and elsewhere. Japanese facilities serve as test beds for emerging safeguards technologies and are setting the trend for new nuclear energy and fuel cycle development worldwide. The collaboration continues to be an essential component of U.S. safeguards outreach and is integral to the DOE/NNSA's Next Generation Safeguards Initiative. In addition to fostering international safeguards development, the cooperation is an opportunity for U.S. scientists to work in facilities that have no analog in the United States, thus providing crucial real-life experience for and aiding development of the next generation of U.S. safeguards specialists. It is also an important element of promoting regional transparency thereby building confidence in the peaceful nature of nuclear programs in the region. The successes engendered by this partnership provide a strong basis for addressing future safeguards challenges, in Japan and elsewhere. This paper summarizes these challenges and the associated cooperative efforts that are either underway or anticipated.

Stevens, Rebecca S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mc Clelland - Kerr, John [NNSA-NA-242; Senzaki, Masao [JAEA; Hori, Masato [JAEA

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Out of sight, out of mind: Threats to the marine biodiversity of the Canary Islands (NE Atlantic Ocean)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Lack of knowledge of the marine realm may bias our perception of the current status and threats to marine biodiversity. Less than 10% of all ecological literature is related to the ocean, and the information we have on marine species that are threatened or on the verge of extinction is scarce. This lack of information is particularly critical for isolated areas such as oceanic archipelagos. Here we review published and grey literature on the current status of marine organisms in the Canary Islands as a case description of the consequences that current out-of-sight out-of-mind attitudes may have on this unique environment. Global change, as represented by coastal development, pollution, exotic species and climate change, are currently affecting the distribution and abundance of Canarian marine organisms, and pose multiple threats to local species and communities. Environmental risks are significant at community and species levels, particularly for threatened species. Failure to address these trends will result in shifts in local biodiversity with important ecological, social, and economic consequences. Scientists, policy makers, educators, and relevant societal groups need to collaborate to reverse deleterious coastal biodiversity trends.

Rodrigo Riera; Mikel A. Becerro; Rick D. Stuart-Smith; Juan D. Delgado; Graham J. Edgar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Safeguards Guidance for Prismatic Fueled High Temperature Gas Reactors (HTGR)  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

5) 5) August 2012 Guidance for High Temperature Gas Reactors (HTGRs) with Prismatic Fuel INL/CON-12-26130 Revision 0 Safeguards-by-Design: Guidance for High Temperature Gas Reactors (HTGRs) With Prismatic Fuel Philip Casey Durst (INL Consultant) August 2012 DISCLAIMER This information was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the U.S. Government. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness, of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. References herein to any specific commercial product,

472

Safeguards and Security General Technical Base Qualification Standard  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

23-2009 23-2009 July 2009 DOE STANDARD SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY GENERAL TECHNICAL BASE QUALIFICATION STANDARD DOE Defense Nuclear Facilities Technical Personnel U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1123-2009 ii This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ DOE-STD-1123-2009 iii APPROVAL The Federal Technical Capability Panel consists of senior U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) managers responsible for overseeing the Federal Technical Capability Program. This Panel is responsible for reviewing and approving the qualification standard for Department-wide

473

Safeguards Education and Training: Short Term Supply vs. Demand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Much has been written and discussed in the past several years about the effect of the aging nuclear workforce on the sustainability of the U.S. safeguards and security infrastructure. This paper discusses the 10-15 year supply and demand forecast for nuclear material control and accounting specialists. The demand side of the review includes control and accounting of the materials at U.S. DOE and NRC facilities, and the federal oversight of those MC&A programs. The cadre of experts referred to as 'MC&A Specialists' available to meet the demand goes beyond domestic MC&A to include international programs, regulatory and inspection support, and so on.

Mathews, Carrie E.; Crawford, Cary E.

2004-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

474

The uranium cylinder assay system for enrichment plant safeguards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Safeguarding sensitive fuel cycle technology such as uranium enrichment is a critical component in preventing the spread of nuclear weapons. A useful tool for the nuclear materials accountancy of such a plant would be an instrument that measured the uranium content of UF{sub 6} cylinders. The Uranium Cylinder Assay System (UCAS) was designed for Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited (JNFL) for use in the Rokkasho Enrichment Plant in Japan for this purpose. It uses total neutron counting to determine uranium mass in UF{sub 6} cylinders given a known enrichment. This paper describes the design of UCAS, which includes features to allow for unattended operation. It can be used on 30B and 48Y cylinders to measure depleted, natural, and enriched uranium. It can also be used to assess the amount of uranium in decommissioned equipment and waste containers. Experimental measurements have been carried out in the laboratory and these are in good agreement with the Monte Carlo modeling results.

Miller, Karen A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Swinhoe, Martyn T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Marlow, Johnna B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Menlove, Howard O [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rael, Carlos D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Iwamoto, Tomonori [JNFL; Tamura, Takayuki [JNFL; Aiuchi, Syun [JNFL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Next Generations Safeguards Initiative: The Life of a Cylinder  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Nonproliferation and International Security's Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) has begun a program based on a five-year plan to investigate the concept of a global monitoring scheme that uniquely identifies uranium hexafluoride (UF6) cylinders and their locations throughout the life cycle. A key initial activity in the NGSI program is to understand and document the 'life of a UF6 cylinder' from cradle to grave. This document describes the life of a UF6 cylinder and includes cylinder manufacture and procurement processes as well as cylinder-handling and operational practices at conversion, enrichment, fuel fabrication, and depleted UF6 conversion facilities. The NGSI multiple-laboratory team is using this document as a building block for subsequent tasks in the five-year plan, including development of the functional requirements for cylinder-tagging and tracking devices.

Morgan, James B [ORNL; White-Horton, Jessica L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Periodicities in the emplacement of large igneous provinces through the Phanerozoic: Relations to ocean chemistry and marine biodiversity evolution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large igneous provinces (LIPs) are considered a relevant cause for mass extinctions of marine life throughout Earth’s history. Their flood basalts and associated intrusions can cause significant release of SO4 and CO2 and consequently, cause major environmental disruptions. Here, we reconstruct the long-term periodic pattern of LIP emplacement and its impact on ocean chemistry and biodiversity from ?34Ssulfate of the last 520 Ma under particular consideration of the preservation limits of LIP records. A combination of cross-wavelet and other time-series analysis methods has been applied to quantify a potential chain of linkage between LIP emplacement periodicity, geochemical changes and the Phanerozoic marine genera record. We suggest a mantle plume cyclicity represented by LIP volumes (V) of V = ?(350–770) × 103 km3 sin(2?t/170 Ma) + (300–650) × 103 km3 sin(2?t/64.5 Ma + 2.3) for t = time in Ma. A shift from the 64.5 Ma to a weaker ?28–35 Ma LIP cyclicity during the Jurassic contributes together with probably independent changes in the marine sulfur cycle to less ocean anoxia, and a general stabilization of ocean chemistry and increasing marine biodiversity throughout the last ?135 Ma. The LIP cycle pattern is coherent with marine biodiversity fluctuations corresponding to a reduction of marine biodiversity of ?120 genera/Ma at ?600 × 103 km3 LIP eruption volume. The 62–65 Ma LIP cycle pattern as well as excursion in ?34Ssulfate and marine genera reduction suggest a not-yet identified found LIP event at ?440–450 Ma.

Andreas Prokoph; Hafida El Bilali; Richard Ernst

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation Support | U.S. DOE Office of  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation Support Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation Support New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials Program Measurement Evaluation Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation Support Measurement Services Measurement Development Training Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Training Categorical Exclusion Determinations News Contact Information New Brunswick Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy Building 350 9800 South Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439-4899 P: (630) 252-2442 (NBL) P: (630) 252-2767 (CRM sales) F: (630) 252-6256 E: usdoe.nbl@ch.doe.gov Programs Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation Support Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) is owned and operated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). NBL is the U.S. Government's Certifying Authority for

478

DOE to Provide Nearly $8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to Provide Nearly $8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy to Provide Nearly $8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy Infrastructure from Cyber Attacks DOE to Provide Nearly $8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy Infrastructure from Cyber Attacks U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Kevin M. Kolevar today announced five projects that have been selected for negotiation of awards of up to $7.9 million in DOE funding to develop and integrate technologically- advanced controls and cyber-security devices into our electric grid and energy infrastructure. DOE to Provide Nearly $8 Million to Safeguard the Nation's Energy Infrastructure from Cyber Attacks More Documents & Publications "Cybersecurity for State Regulators" - NARUC Primer (June 2012)

479

The U.S./IAEA Workshop on Software Sustainability for Safeguards Instrumentation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration’s Next Generation Safeguards Initiative, the U.S. Department of State, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) organized a a workshop on the subject of ”Software Sustainability for Safeguards Instrumentation.” The workshop was held at the Vienna International Centre in Vienna, Austria, May 6-8, 2014. The workshop participants included software and hardware experts from national laboratories, industry, government, and IAEA member states who were specially selected by the workshop organizers based on their experience with software that is developed for the control and operation of safeguards instrumentation. The workshop included presentations, to orient the participants to the IAEA Department of Safeguards software activities related to instrumentation data collection and processing, and case studies that were designed to inspire discussion of software development, use, maintenance, and upgrades in breakout sessions and to result in recommendations for effective software practices and management. This report summarizes the results of the workshop.

Pepper S. E.; .; Worrall, L.; Pickett, C.; Bachner, K.; Queirolo, A.

2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

480

ADMINISTRATIVE CHANGE TO DOE O 470.4B, Safeguards and Security...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

70.4B Chg 1 1 2-15-2013 ADMINISTRATIVE CHANGE TO DOE O 470.4B, Safeguards and Security Program Locations of Changes: Page Paragraph Changed To p. 5 5.c.(1) Responsible for the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "relevant biodiversity safeguards" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Processing large sensor data sets for safeguards : the knowledge generation system.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Modern nuclear facilities, such as reprocessing plants, present inspectors with significant challenges due in part to the sheer amount of equipment that must be safeguarded. The Sandia-developed and patented Knowledge Generation system was designed to automatically analyze large amounts of safeguards data to identify anomalous events of interest by comparing sensor readings with those expected from a process of interest and operator declarations. This paper describes a demonstration of the Knowledge Generation system using simulated accountability tank sensor data to represent part of a reprocessing plant. The demonstration indicated that Knowledge Generation has the potential to address several problems critical to the future of safeguards. It could be extended to facilitate remote inspections and trigger random inspections. Knowledge Generation could analyze data to establish trust hierarchies, to facilitate safeguards use of operator-owned sensors.

Thomas, Maikel A.; Smartt, Heidi Anne; Matthews, Robert F.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Bulk analysis of a simulated environmental sample in natural abundance performed in KAERI for nuclear safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A highly accurate and precise analysis of ultra-trace amounts of nuclear materials contained in environmental samples plays an essential role in monitoring undeclared nuclear activities for nuclear safeguards pur...

Jong-Ho Park; Sunyoung Lee; Young-Geun Ha…

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

A framework for nuclear facility safeguard evaluation using probabilistic methods and expert elicitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the advancement of the next generation of nuclear fuel cycle facilities, concerns of the effectiveness of nuclear facility safeguards have been increasing due to the inclusion of highly enriched material and reprocessing ...

Iamsumang, Chonlagarn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Feasibility Study of Implementing a Mobile Collaborative Information Platform for International Safeguards Inspections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In response to the growing pervasiveness of mobile technologies such as tablets and smartphones, the International Atomic Energy Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratories have been exploring the potential use of these platforms for international safeguards activities. Specifically of interest are information systems (software, and accompanying servers and architecture) deployed on mobile devices to increase the situational awareness and productivity of an IAEA safeguards inspector in the field, while simultaneously reducing paperwork and pack weight of safeguards equipment. Exploratory development in this area has been met with skepticism regarding the ability to overcome technology deployment challenges for IAEA safeguards equipment. This report documents research conducted to identify potential challenges for the deployment of a mobile collaborative information system to the IAEA, and proposes strategies to mitigate those challenges.

Gastelum, Zoe N.; Gitau, Ernest TN; Doehle, Joel R.; Toomey, Christopher M.

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

485

Safeguarding Nuclear Fuel Processing | U.S. DOE Office of Science...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

(FCF) has been developed to guide proposals and cost allocations to use the FCF as a test bed for safeguards measurement demonstrations. A combined MATLAB and MCNPX model has...

486

SIA: A Safeguard Inspector Assistant to Plutonium Isotopic Composition Measurements by Means of Gamma Ray Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we describe the design of a knowledge-based supporting system for Non Destructive Analysis of Plutonium isotopic composition, which fits into an integrated data evaluation scheme for safeguards. Thi...

Biancamaria Carniel; Gianfranco De Grandi…

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Design of a Safeguards Instrument for Plutonium Quantification in an Electrochemical Refining System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There has been a strong international interest in using pyroprocessing to close the fast nuclear reactor fuel cycle and reprocess spent fuel efficiently. To commercialize pyroprocessing, safeguards technologies are required to be developed...

Le Coq, Annabelle G

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

488

JOINT UNITED STATES/IAEA PROPOSED APPROACH FOR SAFEGUARDS DURING PLUTONIUM STABILIZATION, PACKAGING, AND SHIPMENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For safety reasons, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is preparing to stabilize and package plutonium oxide currently subject to International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) beginning in the year 2001. The Hanford Site will also stabilize and package plutonium materials under IAEA safeguards. The U.S. and the IAEA began consultations in late 1996 to develop an approach to the application of safeguards during stabilization and packaging. With the plans to ship RFETS plutonium to Savannah River for interim storage prior to final disposition, this work has been extended to include safeguards during shipment. This paper will discuss the elements of a joint U.S./IAEA proposal for this task.

L. KWEI; B. SMITH; ET AL

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Building Resilience for Sustainable Development of the Sundarbans through Estuary Management, Poverty Reduction, and Biodiversity Conservation: A Non-Lending  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Poverty Reduction, and Biodiversity Conservation: A Non-Lending Technical Assistance Appendix D. Effective Adaptation, Biodiversity Conservation, and Sustainable Socioeconomic Development of the Sundarbans Region

Webster, Peter J.

490

Safeguards-by-Design: Guidance for High Temperature Gas Reactors (HTGRs) With Pebble Fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following is a guidance document from a series prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), under the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI), to assist facility designers and operators in implementing international Safeguards-by-Design (SBD). SBD has two main objectives: (1) to avoid costly and time consuming redesign work or retrofits of new nuclear fuel cycle facilities and (2) to make the implementation of international safeguards more effective and efficient at such facilities. In the long term, the attainment of these goals would save industry and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) time, money, and resources and be mutually beneficial. This particular safeguards guidance document focuses on pebble fuel high temperature gas reactors (HTGR). The purpose of the IAEA safeguards system is to provide credible assurance to the international community that nuclear material and other specified items are not diverted from peaceful nuclear uses. The safeguards system consists of the IAEA’s statutory authority to establish safeguards; safeguards rights and obligations in safeguards agreements and additional protocols; and technical measures implemented pursuant to those agreements. Of foremost importance is the international safeguards agreement between the country and the IAEA, concluded pursuant to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). According to a 1992 IAEA Board of Governors decision, countries must: notify the IAEA of a decision to construct a new nuclear facility as soon as such decision is taken; provide design information on such facilities as the designs develop; and provide detailed design information based on construction plans at least 180 days prior to the start of construction, and on "as-built" designs at least 180 days before the first receipt of nuclear material. Ultimately, the design information will be captured in an IAEA Design Information Questionnaire (DIQ), prepared by the facility operator, typically with the support of the facility designer. The IAEA will verify design information over the life of the project. This design information is an important IAEA safeguards tool. Since the main interlocutor with the IAEA in each country is the State Regulatory Authority/SSAC (or Regional Regulatory Authority, e.g. EURATOM), the responsibility for conveying this design information to the IAEA falls to the State Regulatory Authority/SSAC.

Philip Casey Durst; Mark Schanfein

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Regional Forum on Rural Development, Climate Change, Biodiversity and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rural Development, Climate Change, Biodiversity and Rural Development, Climate Change, Biodiversity and Desertification Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Event:Regional Forum on Rural Development, Climate Change, Biodiversity and Desertification: on 2011/05/05 "This Ministerial-level forum is organized by the Central American Commission on Environment and Development (CCAD), Central American Agricultural Council (CAC) and Council of Health Ministers of Central America (COMISCA). Under the theme "Contributing to the Region's Security and Governability Faced with Climate Change," the Forum will examine progress and identify priority actions and mechanisms for inter-institutional coordination and social participation at the national and regional levels on climate change adaptation and mitigation in the

492

Biological Sciences, Biochemistry, Chemistry and Environmental Science and Policy-Biodiversity and Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biological Sciences, Biochemistry, Chemistry and Environmental Science and Policy-Biodiversity of C- ENSP-Biodiversity and Conservation majors · Completion of MATH 140, 130 or 220 with a minimum

Shapiro, Benjamin

493

Biological Sciences, Biochemistry, Chemistry and Environmental Science and Policy-Biodiversity and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biological Sciences, Biochemistry, Chemistry and Environmental Science and Policy-Biodiversity/232 (or CHEM 146/177and CHEM 237) with a minimum grade of C- ENSP-Biodiversity and Conservation majors

Shapiro, Benjamin

494

Additive partitioning of reef fish diversity variation: a promising marine biodiversity management tool  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Additive partitioning allows a better understanding of the local and regional processes that generate biodiversity (Gering et al. 2003). When coupled with models that partition biodiversity variation and identify...

Fabián A. Rodríguez-Zaragoza; Amílcar L. Cupul-Magaña…

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Prospecting for Marine Biodiversity: A Case Study in Montego Bay, Jamaica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Marine ecosystems are among the most diverse systems...et al. 1998). Marine biodiversity is potentially a significant sustainable use of marine products, and valuing this biodiversity is of substantial research i...

Jack Ruitenbeek; Cynthia Cartier

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

The center of the center of marine shore fish biodiversity: the Philippine Islands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multiple datasets show global maxima of marine biodiversity in the Indo–Malay–Philippines archipelago (IMPA ... a finer scale and identifies a peak of marine biodiversity in the central Philippine Islands and a ....

Kent E. Carpenter; Victor G. Springer

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Environmental Conservation/Studies "focus area" (with potential courses listed) Biodiversity Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conservation ANTHRO 317 Primate Behavior BIOLOGY 108 Biodiversity BIOLOGY 297B Marine Vertebrates BIOLOGY 426Environmental Conservation/Studies "focus area" (with potential courses listed) Biodiversity in Coastal and Marine Sciences: http://www.fivecolleges.edu/sites/marine/certificate/ #12;

Schweik, Charles M.

498

Higher Taxa in Biodiversity Studies: Patterns from Eastern Pacific Marine Molluscs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Higher Taxa in Biodiversity Studies: Patterns from Eastern Pacific Marine Molluscs K. Roy D. Jablonski...proxy for species-level biodiversity patterns. Here this premise...large database of benthic marine molluscs from the eastern...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Biodiversity links above and below the marine sediment–water interface that may influence community stability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Linkages across the sediment–water interface (SWI) between biodiversity and community stability appear to exist but are very poorly studied. Processes by which changes in biodiversity could affect stability on...

M.C. Austen; P.J.D. Lambshead; P.A. Hutchings; G. Boucher…

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Preliminary global assessment of terrestrial biodiversity consequences of sea level rise mediated by climate change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Considerable attention has focused on the climatic effects of global climate change on biodiversity, but few analyses and no broad assessments have evaluated the effects of sea level rise on biodiversity. Taking advantage of new maps of marine...

Menon, Shaily; Soberó n, Jorge; Li, Xingong; Peterson, A. Townsend

2010-02-25T23:59:59.000Z