Sample records for related terms transmission

  1. Radiation Related Terms Basic Terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallino, Joseph J.

    Radiation Related Terms Basic Terms Radiation Radiation is energy in transit in the form of high not carry enough energy to separate molecules or remove electrons from atoms. Ionizing radiation Ionizing radiation is radiation with enough energy so that during an interaction with an atom, it can remove tightly

  2. 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Related...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    6 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Related Materials 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Related Materials The 2006 National Congestion...

  3. Nevada Department of Transportation - Terms and Conditions Relating...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Transportation - Terms and Conditions Relating to Highway Occupancy Permits Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Nevada Department of...

  4. Negative kinetic energy term of general relativity and its removing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Mei

    2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We first present a new Lagrangian of general relativity, which can be divided into kinetic energy term and potential energy term. Taking advantage of vierbein formalism, we reduce the kinetic energy term to a sum of five positive terms and one negative term. Some gauge conditions removing the negative kinetic energy term are discussed. Finally, we present a Lagrangian that only include positive kinetic energy terms. To remove the negative kinetic energy term leads to a new field equation of general relativity in which there are at least five equations of constraint and at most five dynamical equations, this characteristic is different from the normal Einstein field equation in which there are four equations of constraint and six dynamical equations.

  5. Transmission

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyThe EnergyDepartment7 thFuel Processor for Transmission ,...

  6. An action with positive kinetic energy term for general relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Mei

    2007-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    At first, we state some results in arXiv: 0707.2639, and then, using a positive kinetic energy coordinate condition given by arXiv: 0707.2639, we present an action with positive kinetic energy term for general relativity. Based on this action, the corresponding theory of canonical quantization is discussed.

  7. Entanglement entropy from surface terms in general relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arpan Bhattacharyya; Aninda Sinha

    2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Entanglement entropy in local quantum field theories is typically ultraviolet divergent due to short distance effects in the neighbourhood of the entangling region. In the context of gauge/gravity duality, we show that surface terms in general relativity are able to capture this entanglement entropy. In particular, we demonstrate that for 1+1 dimensional CFTs at finite temperature whose gravity dual is the BTZ black hole, the Gibbons-Hawking-York term precisely reproduces the entanglement entropy which can be computed independently in the field theory.

  8. Abstract --Under a context of transmission open access, a methodology to define a common transmission trunk system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    Terms--Transmission systems, Transmission pricing, Cooperative games, Shapley value, Transmission open

  9. Preliminary Analysis of Grande Ronde Basalt Formation Flow Top Transmissivity as it Relates to Assessment and Site Selection Applications for Fluid/Energy Storage and Sequestration Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spane, Frank A.

    2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Preliminary Analysis of Grande Ronde Basalt Formation Flow Top Transmissivity as it Relates to Assessment and Site Selection Applications for Fluid/Energy Storage and Sequestration Projects

  10. The Impacts of Wind Speed Trends and Long-term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohfeld, Karen

    The Impacts of Wind Speed Trends and Long- term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric Reservoir and Long-term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric Reservoir Inflows on Wind Power in the Pacific through diversification. In hydroelectric dominated systems, like the PNW, the benefits of wind power can

  11. Glossary of CERCLA, RCRA and TSCA related terms and acronyms. Environmental Guidance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This glossary contains CERCLA, RCRA and TSCA related terms that are most often encountered in the US Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Restoration and Emergency Preparedness activities. Detailed definitions are included for key terms. The CERCLA definitions included in this glossary are taken from the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), as amended and related federal rulemakings. The RCRA definitions included in this glossary are taken from the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and related federal rulemakings. The TSCA definitions included in this glossary are taken from the Toxic Substances and Control Act (TSCA) and related federal rulemakings. Definitions related to TSCA are limited to those sections in the statute and regulations concerning PCBs and asbestos.Other sources for definitions include additional federal rulemakings, assorted guidance documents prepared by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), guidance and informational documents prepared by the US Department of Energy (DOE), and DOE Orders. The source of each term is noted beside the term. Terms presented in this document reflect revised and new definitions published before July 1, 1993.

  12. Light transmission of glass, fiberglass, polyethylene, and polyvinyl chloride greenhouse covers as related to growth of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. variety Homestead 24

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esche, Victor Clemens

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    LIGHT TRANSMISSION OF GLASS~ FIBERGLASS& POLYETHYLENEe AND POLYVINYL CHLORIDE GREENHOUSE COVERS AS RELATED TO GROWTH OF LYCOPERSICON ESCULENTUM MILL, VARIETY HOMESTEAD 24 A Thesis By VICTOR CLEMENS ESCHE Submitted to the Graduate College... of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August, 1966 Major Subject: Horticulture LIGHT TRANSMISSION OF GLASS, FIBERGLASS~ POLYETHYLENE, AND POLYVINYL CHLORIDE GREENHOUSE COVERS AS RELATED...

  13. Natural Resources Wales Standard Terms and Conditions for Goods (and related Services)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natural Resources Wales Standard Terms and Conditions for Goods (and related Services) Date: April 2013 Page 1 These Conditions may only be varied with the written agreement of Natural Resources Wales/Services are being performed; Contract - the contract between Natural Resources Wales and the Supplier

  14. A logical extension of the ASTM Standard E96 to determine the dependence of water vapor transmission on relative humidity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lackey, J.C.; Marchand, R.G.; Kumaran, M.K. [National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada). Inst. for Research in Construction

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well known that the water vapor transmission properties of hygroscopic building materials depend on the local relative humidities(rh). Traditionally, the ASTM Standard E96 specifies only two conditions of rh. The dry cup method in the standard corresponds to a mean rh of 25% and the wet cup to 75%. This information is not enough to describe the behavior of the material through the entire range of rh. European Standards have already proposed an extension of the existing standard to address this issue. ASTM standard should follow this change. A logical extension of the E96 standard to include the effect of rh on water vapor transmission properties has been proposed and is being discussed by one of the C16 Committee Task Groups. This paper presents the application of the proposed extension to several common building materials. The details include the operating principles of a constant temperature-rh chamber and the effects on the test results, of the vapor resistance offered by still air inside the cup, the surface resistances and buoyancy. The experimental data were used to critically assess the above effects. The data as well as the analyses of the data are expected to provide guidance to refine the existing ASTM Standard.

  15. In utero and early life arsenic exposure in relation to long-term health and disease

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farzan, Shohreh F.; Karagas, Margaret R. [Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Center at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH 03755 (United States); Section of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Department of Community and Family Medicine and Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH 03756 (United States); Chen, Yu, E-mail: yu.chen@nyumc.org [Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016 (United States)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: There is a growing body of evidence that prenatal and early childhood exposure to arsenic from drinking water can have serious long-term health implications. Objectives: Our goal was to understand the potential long-term health and disease risks associated with in utero and early life exposure to arsenic, as well as to examine parallels between findings from epidemiological studies with those from experimental animal models. Methods: We examined the current literature and identified relevant studies through PubMed by using combinations of the search terms arsenic, in utero, transplacental, prenatal and fetal. Discussion: Ecological studies have indicated associations between in utero and/or early life exposure to arsenic at high levels and increases in mortality from cancer, cardiovascular disease and respiratory disease. Additional data from epidemiologic studies suggest intermediate effects in early life that are related to risk of these and other outcomes in adulthood. Experimental animal studies largely support studies in humans, with strong evidence of transplacental carcinogenesis, atherosclerosis and respiratory disease, as well as insight into potential underlying mechanisms of arsenic's health effects. Conclusions: As millions worldwide are exposed to arsenic and evidence continues to support a role for in utero arsenic exposure in the development of a range of later life diseases, there is a need for more prospective studies examining arsenic's relation to early indicators of disease and at lower exposure levels. - Highlights: We review in utero and early-life As exposure impacts on lifelong disease risks. Evidence indicates that early-life As increases risks of lung disease, cancer and CVD. Animal work largely parallels human studies and may lead to new research directions. Prospective studies and individual exposure assessments with biomarkers are needed. Assessing intermediary endpoints may aid early intervention and establish causality.

  16. Abstract --The need to determine adequate regulations in the transmission activity in deregulated environments does not

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Juan

    be followed. Index Terms--Transmission expansion, Transmission planning, Transmission systems, Transmission pricing, Open access. I INTRODUCTION he presence of economies of scale and the specificity

  17. Generalized boundary conditions for general relativity for the asymptotically flat case in terms of Ashtekar's variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Thiemann

    1993-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a gap that has been left open since the formulation of general relativity in terms of Ashtekar's new variables namely the treatment of asymptotically flat field configurations that are general enough to be able to define the generators of the Lorentz subgroup of the asymptotical Poincar\\'e group. While such a formulation already exists for the old geometrodynamical variables, up to now only the generators of the translation subgroup could be defined because the function spaces of the fields considered earlier are taken too special. The transcription of the framework from the ADM variables to Ashtekar's variables turns out not to be straightforward due to the freedom to choose the internal SO(3) frame at spatial infinity and due to the fact that the non-trivial reality conditions of the Ashtekar framework reenter the game when imposing suitable boundary conditions on the fields and the Lagrange multipliers.

  18. Generalized boundary conditions for general relativity for the asymptotically flat case in terms of Ashtekar's variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Thiemann

    1999-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a gap that has been left open since the formulation of general relativity in terms of Ashtekar's new variables namely the treatment of asymptotically flat field configurations that are general enough to be able to define the generators of the Lorentz subgroup of the asymptotical Poincar\\'e group. While such a formulation already exists for the old geometrodynamical variables, up to now only the generators of the translation subgroup could be defined because the function spaces of the fields considered earlier are taken too special. The transcription of the framework from the ADM variables to Ashtekar's variables turns out not to be straightforward due to the a priori freedom to choose the internal SO(3) frame at spatial infinity and due to the fact that the non-trivial reality conditions of the Ashtekar framework reenter the stage when imposing suitable boundary conditions on the fields and the Lagrange multipliers.

  19. Power and transmission rate orders and related documents. Office of Power Marketing Coordination, data compiled January 1, 1980-December 31, 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication contains the power and transmission rate orders and related documents issued by the Department of Energy. It covers calendar years 1980 and 1981. The first publication, DOE/CE-007 covering the period from March through December 1979, was published July 1981. This publication is a compilation of all rate orders issued by the Assistant Secretary for Resource Applications and the Assistant Secretary for Conservation and Renewable Energy during calendar years 1980 and 1981 under Delegation Order No. 0204-33. It also includes all final approvals, remands, and disapprovals by the FERC, and a petition to the FERC for reconsideration by a Power Marketing Administration during 1980 and 1981. Also included are two delegation orders along with an amendment and a supplement to one delegation order, a departmental order on financial reporting, and Power and Transmission Rate Adjustment Procedures relating to federal power marketing.

  20. Geothermal Resources and Transmission Planning

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This project addresses transmission-related barriers to utility-scale deployment of geothermal electric generation technologies.

  1. Transmission Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Return to Daylight Saving Time Posted: 2232015 Effective Date: 382015 This document provides the procedure for reserving and scheduling transmission that spans the time change...

  2. Bibliography of publications related to Classical and Quantum Gravity in terms of Connection and Loop Variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher Beetle; Alejandro Corichi

    1997-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This bibliography attempts to give a comprehensive overview of all the literature related to the Ashtekar connection and the Rovelli-Smolin loop variables. The original version was compiled by Peter H\\"ubner in 1989, and it has been subsequently updated by Gabriela Gonzalez, Bernd Br\\"ugmann, Monica Pierri, Troy Schilling, Alejandro Corichi and Christopher Beetle. Information about additional literature, new preprints, and especially corrections are always welcome.

  3. Honda Transmission Technical Center

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Russells Point, OH The Honda Transmission Technical Center is located on the Honda of America Manufacturing Plant facility site in Russells Point, Ohio. This facility is used for product engineering and market quality testing and analysis of automatic transmissions. The building contains a large workshop area for ten cars, a future dynamometer, two laboratories, an open office area, three conference rooms, a break room, restrooms, and related support areas.

  4. Transmission Services J7000

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Transmission Business Unit - J7300 CRSP - DSW - RMR Open Access Transmission Tariff Management Transmission Service Requests Interconnection Requests OASIS...

  5. Investigation of nuclide importance to functional requirements related to transport and long-term storage of LWR spent fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Broadhead, B.L.; DeHart, M.D.; Ryman, J.C.; Tang, J.S.; Parks, C.V.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigates the relative importances of the various actinide, fission-product, and light-element isotopes associated with LWR spent fuel with respect to five analysis areas: criticality safety (absorption fractions), shielding (dose rate fractions), curies (fractional curies levels), decay heat (fraction of total watts), and radiological toxicity (fraction of potential committed effective dose equivalent). These rankings are presented for up to six different burnup/enrichment scenarios and at decay times from 2 to 100,000 years. Ranking plots for each of these analysis areas are given in an Appendix for completeness, as well as summary tables in the main body of the report. Summary rankings are presented in terms of high (greater than 10% contribution to the total), medium (between 1% and 10% contribution), and low (less than 1% contribution) for both short- and long-term cooling. When compared with the expected measurement accuracies, these rankings show that most of the important isotopes can be characterized sufficiently for the purpose of radionuclide generation/depletion code validation in each of the analysis areas. Because the main focus of this work is on the relative importances of isotopes associated with L@ spent fuel, some conclusions may not be applicable to similar areas such as high-level waste (HLW) and nonfuel-bearing components (NFBC).

  6. Transmission INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , to a significant degree, on a well-functioning wholesale power market. The transmission system is integral the consequences of a poorly designed wholesale power market, and the Council does not want to see those Regulatory Commission began taking actions to further facilitate competition in wholesale power supply. Today

  7. Patterns of Transmission Investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul

    2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    long term performance contracts with a developer of an HVDC transmission link to expand interconnection capacity between TSOs with no or limited interconnections and with large sustained differences in prices. Merchant investments supported... truly separate AC networks. For example, by building HVDC inter-connectors between two separate networks, opportunities to increase trades of power from high price to low priced areas can be exploited. The HVDC link between the England and France...

  8. HVDC power transmission technology assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hauth, R.L.; Tatro, P.J.; Railing, B.D. [New England Power Service Co., Westborough, MA (United States); Johnson, B.K.; Stewart, J.R. [Power Technologies, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States); Fink, J.L.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to develop an assessment of the national utility system`s needs for electric transmission during the period 1995-2020 that could be met by future reduced-cost HVDC systems. The assessment was to include an economic evaluation of HVDC as a means for meeting those needs as well as a comparison with competing technologies such as ac transmission with and without Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) controllers. The role of force commutated dc converters was to be assumed where appropriate. The assessment begins by identifying the general needs for transmission in the U.S. in the context of a future deregulated power industry. The possible roles for direct current transmission are then postulated in terms of representative scenarios. A few of the scenarios are illustrated with the help of actual U.S. system examples. non-traditional applications as well as traditional applications such as long lines and asynchronous interconnections are discussed. The classical ``break-even distance`` concept for comparing HVDC and ac lines is used to assess the selected scenarios. The impact of reduced-cost converters is reflected in terms of the break-even distance. This report presents a comprehensive review of the functional benefits of HVDC transmission and updated cost data for both ac and dc system components. It also provides some provocative thoughts on how direct current transmission might be applied to better utilize and expand our nation`s increasingly stressed transmission assets.

  9. Transmission Workshop

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energyof theRestorationAdvisoryManagement andTopKnow? |Transmission

  10. The Cost of Transmission for Wind Energy: A Review of Transmission Planning Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, Andrew D.; Wiser, Ryan; Porter, Kevin

    2009-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The rapid development of wind power that the United States has experienced over the last several years has been coupled with a growing concern that wind development will require substantial additions to the nation's transmission infrastructure. Transmission is particularly important for wind power due to the locational dependence of wind resources, the relatively low capacity factor of wind plants, and the mismatch between the short lead time to build a new wind project and the longer lead time often needed to plan, permit, and construct transmission. It is clear that institutional issues related to transmission planning, siting, and cost allocation will pose major obstacles to accelerated wind power deployment, but also of concern is the potential cost of this infrastructure build out. Simply put, how much extra cost will society bear to deliver wind power to load centers? Without an answer to this question, there can be no consensus on whether or not the cost of developing transmission for wind will be a major barrier to further wind deployment, or whether the institutional barriers to transmission expansion are likely to be of more immediate concern. In this report, we review a sample of 40 detailed transmission studies that have included wind power. These studies cover a broad geographic area, and were completed from 2001-2008. Our primary goal in reviewing these studies is to develop a better understanding of the transmission costs needed to access growing quantities of wind generation. A secondary goal is to gain a better appreciation of the differences in transmission planning approaches in order to identify those methodologies that seem most able to estimate the incremental transmission costs associated with wind development. Finally, we hope that the resulting dataset and discussion might be used to inform the assumptions, methods, and results of higher-level assessment models that are sometimes used to estimate the cost of wind deployment (e.g. NEMS and WinDS). The authors and general location of the 40 detailed transmission studies included in our review are illustrated in Figure ES-1. As discussed in the body of the report, these studies vary considerably in scope, authorship, objectives, methodology, and tools. Though we recognize this diversity and are cognizant that comparisons among these studies are therefore somewhat inappropriate, we nonetheless emphasize such simple comparisons in this report. We do so in order to improve our understanding of the range of transmission costs needed to access greater quantities of wind, and to highlight some of the drivers of those costs. In so doing, we gloss over many important details and differences among the studies in our sample. In emphasizing simple comparisons, our analysis focuses primarily on the unit cost of transmission implied by each of the studies. The unit cost of transmission for wind in $/kW terms on a capacity-weighted basis is estimated by simply dividing the total transmission cost in a study by the total amount of incremental generation capacity (wind and non-wind) modeled in that study. In so doing, this metric assumes that within any individual study all incremental generation capacity imposes transmission costs in proportion to its nameplate capacity rating. The limitations to this approach are described in some detail in the body of the report.

  11. Cost of presumptive source term Remedial Actions Laboratory for energy-related health research, University of California, Davis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Last, G.V.; Bagaasen, L.M.; Josephson, G.B.; Lanigan, D.C.; Liikala, T.L.; Newcomer, D.R.; Pearson, A.W.; Teel, S.S.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) is in progress at the Laboratory for Energy Related Health Research (LEHR) at the University of California, Davis. The purpose of the RI/FS is to gather sufficient information to support an informed risk management decision regarding the most appropriate remedial actions for impacted areas of the facility. In an effort to expedite remediation of the LEHR facility, the remedial project managers requested a more detailed evaluation of a selected set of remedial actions. In particular, they requested information on both characterization and remedial action costs. The US Department of Energy -- Oakland Office requested the assistance of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to prepare order-of-magnitude cost estimates for presumptive remedial actions being considered for the five source term operable units. The cost estimates presented in this report include characterization costs, capital costs, and annual operation and maintenance (O&M) costs. These cost estimates are intended to aid planning and direction of future environmental remediation efforts.

  12. Bibliography on transmission access issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lankford, C.B. [Oklahoma Gas and Electric Co., Oklahoma City, OK (United States)] [Oklahoma Gas and Electric Co., Oklahoma City, OK (United States); McCalley, J.D. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)] [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States); Saini, N.K. [Entergy Services Corp., Metairie, LA (United States)] [Entergy Services Corp., Metairie, LA (United States)

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a bibliography on issues related to transmission access in electric power systems. There are 233 citations referenced in this bibliography. This bibliography presents a collection of selected literature on issues related to transmission access. It does not contain all of the material available on this subject or the categories contained herein. Some readers may feel that citations within this bibliography should be strictly limited to transmission system issues and not include energy pricing or reliability issues. However, it was the decision of the Subcommittee of the IEEE Task Force on Transmission Access and Nonutility Generation that selected entries relating to reliability and energy pricing, most relevant to transmission access, should be included. This decision was made because certain issues relating to reliability, transmission and energy pricing are perceived by the industry to be critical in the discussion of transmission access. The bibliography has been divided into the following sections or sub-sections: 2.0 Operational (Engineering) Issues, 3.0 Planning, 4.0 Reliability, 5.1 Economics: Costing, 5.2(a) Economics: Location-Differentiated Pricing, 5.2(b) Economics: Time-Differentiated Pricing, 5.3 Economics: Brokering, Bidding, and Auctioning, 6.0 Regulatory, and 7.0 General. Although the content of many publications spanned two or more of these sections, the desire to limit document length required that all publications be placed in the single most appropriate section. Publications are sorted according to author or publication resource.

  13. Optoelectronics 514 Transmission Hologram Transmission Hologram

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Optoelectronics 514 Transmission Hologram Transmission Hologram Purpose: To learn about making Procedure: 1. HeNe Laser: #12;Optoelectronics 514 Transmission Hologram Mount the laser along the long axis. Development #12;Optoelectronics 514 Transmission Hologram Put the plate in the developer emulsion side up

  14. Transmission Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an overview of BPA's Dispatcher Standing Order 216 (DSO 216) and the related communication protocolsoptions associated with DSO 216. II. PROJECT DESCRIPTION A. This overall...

  15. Great Plains Wind Energy Transmission Development Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brad G. Stevens, P.E.; Troy K. Simonsen; Kerryanne M. Leroux

    2012-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In fiscal year 2005, the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) received funding from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to undertake a broad array of tasks to either directly or indirectly address the barriers that faced much of the Great Plains states and their efforts to produce and transmit wind energy at the time. This program, entitled Great Plains Wind Energy Transmission Development Project, was focused on the central goal of stimulating wind energy development through expansion of new transmission capacity or development of new wind energy capacity through alternative market development. The original task structure was as follows: Task 1 - Regional Renewable Credit Tracking System (later rescoped to Small Wind Turbine Training Center); Task 2 - Multistate Transmission Collaborative; Task 3 - Wind Energy Forecasting System; and Task 4 - Analysis of the Long-Term Role of Hydrogen in the Region. As carried out, Task 1 involved the creation of the Small Wind Turbine Training Center (SWTTC). The SWTTC, located Grand Forks, North Dakota, consists of a single wind turbine, the Endurance S-250, on a 105-foot tilt-up guyed tower. The S-250 is connected to the electrical grid on the 'load side' of the electric meter, and the power produced by the wind turbine is consumed locally on the property. Establishment of the SWTTC will allow EERC personnel to provide educational opportunities to a wide range of participants, including grade school through college-level students and the general public. In addition, the facility will allow the EERC to provide technical training workshops related to the installation, operation, and maintenance of small wind turbines. In addition, under Task 1, the EERC hosted two small wind turbine workshops on May 18, 2010, and March 8, 2011, at the EERC in Grand Forks, North Dakota. Task 2 involved the EERC cosponsoring and aiding in the planning of three transmission workshops in the midwest and western regions. Under Task 3, the EERC, in collaboration with Meridian Environmental Services, developed and demonstrated the efficacy of a wind energy forecasting system for use in scheduling energy output from wind farms for a regional electrical generation and transmission utility. With the increased interest at the time of project award in the production of hydrogen as a critical future energy source, many viewed hydrogen produced from wind-generated electricity as an attractive option. In addition, many of the hydrogen production-related concepts involve utilization of energy resources without the need for additional electrical transmission. For this reason, under Task 4, the EERC provided a summary of end uses for hydrogen in the region and focused on one end product in particular (fertilizer), including several process options and related economic analyses.

  16. SunZia Southwest Transmission Project Comments

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Transmission Project Comments Provided to the US Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Request for Information Relating to the Permitting...

  17. Academic Training: J-1 Exchange Students Academic training is a term used by the US Department of State to describe work, training, or experience related to a student's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latiolais, M. Paul

    Academic Training: J-1 Exchange Students Academic training is a term used by the US Department of State to describe work, training, or experience related to a student's major field of study. It may involve sequential or simultaneous activities, either paid or unpaid. There can be one or more training

  18. Midwest Transmission Workshop I Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin Bryan

    2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 The meeting was opened with a review of the purposes of the workshop: (1) Present and discuss key studies and assessments of transmission upgrades, additions and related issues for the upper Midwest, including work that addresses the full range of views on these topics; (2) Understand the various transmission issues in the upper Midwest and discuss options for addressing the issues; and (3) Identify the decision makers and entities that need to play an active role if transmission issues are to be resolved, and agree on next steps for engaging these individuals and organizations through education, outreach, and information dissemination.

  19. Regional Transmission Projects: Finding Solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    The Keystone Center

    2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Keystone Center convened and facilitated a year-long Dialogue on "Regional Transmission Projects: Finding Solutions" to develop recommendations that will help address the difficult and contentious issues related to expansions of regional electric transmission systems that are needed for reliable and economic transmission of power within and across regions. This effort brought together a cross-section of affected stakeholders and thought leaders to address the problem with the collective wisdom of their experience and interests. Transmission owners sat at the table with consumer advocates and environmental organizations. Representatives from regional transmission organizations exchanged ideas with state and federal regulators. Generation developers explored common interests with public power suppliers. Together, the Dialogue participants developed consensus solutions about how to begin unraveling some of the more intractable issues surrounding identification of need, allocation of costs, and reaching consensus on siting issues that can frustrate the development of regional transmission infrastructure. The recommendations fall into three broad categories: 1. Recommendations on appropriate institutional arrangements and processes for achieving regional consensus on the need for new or expanded transmission infrastructure 2. Recommendations on the process for siting of transmission lines 3. Recommendations on the tools needed to support regional planning, cost allocation, and siting efforts. List of Dialogue participants: List of Dialogue Participants: American Electric Power American Transmission Company American Wind Energy Association California ISO Calpine Corporation Cinergy Edison Electric Institute Environmental Defense Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Great River Energy International Transmission Company ISO-New England Iowa Public Utility Board Kanner & Associates Midwest ISO National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates National Grid Northeast Utilities PA Office of Consumer Advocates Pacific Gas & Electric Corporation Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission PJM Interconnection The Electricity Consumers Resource Council U.S. Department of Energy US Department of the Interior Van Ness Feldman Western Interstate Energy Board Wind on the Wires Wisconsin Public Service Commission Xcel Energy

  20. Survey of Transmission Cost Allocation Methodologies for Regional Transmission Organizations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fink, S.; Porter, K.; Mudd, C.; Rogers, J.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report presents transmission cost allocation methodologies for reliability transmission projects, generation interconnection, and economic transmission projects for all Regional Transmission Organizations.

  1. Transmission Business Unit Manager

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    (See Frequently Asked Questions for more information). Where would I be working? Western Area Power Administration Rocky Mountain Region Transmission Services, (J7300) Transmission Busiess Unit 615...

  2. Merchant transmission investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the performance attributes of a merchant transmission investment framework that relies on "market driven" transmission investment to provide the infrastructure to support competitive wholesale markets for ...

  3. NWCC Transmission Case Study III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terry Allison, Steve Wiese

    2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 Transmission System Improvements for Wind Energy Development in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains: Opportunities and Obstacles. This case study set out to ascertain the validity of three assumptions from the perspectives of stakeholders involved in wind energy and transmission issues in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains. The assumptions, and the stakeholders' reactions to each, are summarized below: Assumption 1--Transmission system improvements would provide significant benefits to the electricity network and its customers. Respondents acknowledge the potential for overall system benefits in the form of reduced line losses, improved grid stability and reliability, and enhanced ability to conduct spot market transactions. They also agree that these benefits relate to specific regional needs. However, there is disagreement over the extent of other benefits such as efficiency gains and cost savings from reduced line losses. Further, environmental and community interest groups point out that none of these benefits are realized without significant financial, environmental and social costs. Assumption 2--The benefits of transmission improvements would be helpful, but not confined, to wind power. All respondents agree that wind energy could benefit from transmission system improvements. But they also acknowledge, reluctantly, in the case of environmental stakeholders, that the benefits of an improved transmission system cannot be limited to environmentally preferable forms of generation. Some environmental and community advocate respondents also feel that transmission system improvement projects can be avoided altogether through energy conservation and efficiency measures, and by substituting wind energy for fossil generation. Assumption 3--Transmission alliances among stakeholders within and external to the wind community can provide benefits in the public interest. The fractured, multi-jurisdictional governance of the regional transmission system, and the distrust and diversity of perspectives among affected stakeholders, may make the formation of multi-stakeholder alliances necessary to accomplishing transmission goals. If the wind industry and utilities want to partner with environmental and community advocate groups in supporting a transmission project, they may have to convince these groups that the project would result in a net environmental benefit. The project proponents would have to make the case that the benefits of the additional wind energy will at least offset the emissions of any additional fossil generation made possible by the transmission project, as well as offset the environmental impact of the transmission project itself.

  4. On the solution of the initial value constraints for general relativity coupled to matter in terms of Ashtekar's variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Thiemann

    1993-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The method of solution of the initial value constraints for pure canonical gravity in terms of Ashtekar's new canonical variables due to CDJ is further developed in the present paper. There are 2 new main results : 1) We extend the method of CDJ to arbitrary matter-coupling again for non-degenerate metrics : the new feature is that the 'CDJ-matrix' adopts a nontrivial antisymmetric part when solving the vector constraint and that the Klein-Gordon-field is used, instead of the symmetric part of the CDJ-matrix, in order to satisfy the scalar constraint. 2) The 2nd result is that one can solve the general initial value constraints for arbitrary matter coupling by a method which is completely independent of that of CDJ. It is shown how the Yang-Mills and gravitational Gauss constraints can be solved explicitely for the corresponding electric fields. The rest of the constraints can then be satisfied by using either scalar or spinor field momenta. This new trick might be of interest also for Yang-Mills theories on curved backgrounds.

  5. Relationalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward Anderson

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This article contributes to the debate of the meaning of relationalism and background independence, which has remained of interest in theoretical physics from Newton versus Leibniz through to foundational issues for today's leading candidate theories of quantum gravity. I contrast and compose the substantially different Leibniz--Mach--Barbour (LMB) and Rovelli--Crane (RC) uses of the word `relational'. Leibniz advocated primary timelessness and Mach that `time is to be abstracted from change'. I consider 3 distinct viewpoints on Machian time: Barbour's, Rovelli's and my own. I provide four expansions on Barbour's taking configuration space to be primary: to (perhaps a weakened notion of) phase space, categorizing, perspecting and propositioning. Categorizing means considering not only object spaces but also the corresponding morphisms and then functors between such pairs. Perspecting means considering the set of subsystem perspectives; this is an arena in which the LMB and Rovelli approaches make contact. By propositioning, I mean considering the set of propositions about a physical (sub)system. I argue against categorization being more than a formal pre-requisite for quantization in general; however, perspecting is a categorical operation, and propositioning leads one to considering topoi, with Isham and Doering's work represents one possibility for a mathematically sharp implementation of propositioning. Further applications of this article are arguing for Ashtekar variables as being relational in LMB as well as just the usually-ascribed RC sense, relationalism versus supersymmetry, string theory and M-theory. The question of whether scale is relational is also considered, with quantum cosmology in mind.

  6. Relative Importance of Hip and Sacral Pain Among Long-Term Gynecological Cancer Survivors Treated With Pelvic Radiotherapy and Their Relationships to Mean Absorbed Doses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waldenstroem, Ann-Charlotte, E-mail: ann-charlotte.waldenstrom@oncology.gu.se [Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (Sweden) [Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (Sweden); Department of Oncology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg (Sweden); Olsson, Caroline [Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (Sweden) [Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (Sweden); Department of Radiation Physics, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (Sweden); Wilderaeng, Ulrica [Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (Sweden)] [Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (Sweden); Dunberger, Gail; Lind, Helena; Alevronta, Eleftheria [Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology-Pathology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm (Sweden)] [Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology-Pathology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm (Sweden); Al-Abany, Massoud [Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology-Pathology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm (Sweden) [Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology-Pathology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm (Sweden); Department of Hospital Physics, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden); Tucker, Susan [Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)] [Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Avall-Lundqvist, Elisabeth [Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden)] [Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm (Sweden); Johansson, Karl-Axel [Department of Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg (Sweden)] [Department of Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg (Sweden); Steineck, Gunnar [Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (Sweden) [Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg (Sweden); Division of Clinical Cancer Epidemiology, Department of Oncology-Pathology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To investigate the relative importance of patient-reported hip and sacral pain after pelvic radiotherapy (RT) for gynecological cancer and its relationship to the absorbed doses in these organs. Methods and Materials: We used data from a population-based study that included 650 long-term gynecological cancer survivors treated with pelvic RT in the Gothenburg and Stockholm areas in Sweden with a median follow-up of 6 years (range, 2-15) and 344 population controls. Symptoms were assessed through a study-specific postal questionnaire. We also analyzed the hip and sacral dose-volume histogram data for 358 of the survivors. Results: Of the survivors, one in three reported having or having had hip pain after completing RT. Daily pain when walking was four times as common among the survivors compared to controls. Symptoms increased in frequency with a mean absorbed dose >37.5 Gy. Also, two in five survivors reported pain in the sacrum. Sacral pain also affected their walking ability and tended to increase with a mean absorbed dose >42.5 Gy. Conclusions: Long-term survivors of gynecological cancer treated with pelvic RT experience hip and sacral pain when walking. The mean absorbed dose was significantly related to hip pain and was borderline significantly related to sacral pain. Keeping the total mean absorbed hip dose below 37.5 Gy during treatment might lower the occurrence of long-lasting pain. In relation to the controls, the survivors had a lower occurrence of pain and pain-related symptoms from the hips and sacrum compared with what has previously been reported for the pubic bone.

  7. Transmission Commercial Project Integration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Improvement (CBPI) Customer Forum Energy Imbalance Market Generator Interconnection Reform Implementation Network Integration Transmission Service (NT Service) Network Open...

  8. Automated manual transmission controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lawrie, Robert E. (Whitmore Lake, MI); Reed, Jr., Richard G. (Royal Oak, MI); Bernier, David R. (Rochester Hills, MI)

    1999-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A powertrain system for a hybrid vehicle. The hybrid vehicle includes a heat engine, such as a diesel engine, and an electric machine, which operates as both an electric motor and an alternator, to power the vehicle. The hybrid vehicle also includes a manual-style transmission configured to operate as an automatic transmission from the perspective of the driver. The engine and the electric machine drive an input shaft which in turn drives an output shaft of the transmission. In addition to driving the transmission, the electric machine regulates the speed of the input shaft in order to synchronize the input shaft during either an upshift or downshift of the transmission by either decreasing or increasing the speed of the input shaft. When decreasing the speed of the input shaft, the electric motor functions as an alternator to produce electrical energy which may be stored by a storage device. Operation of the transmission is controlled by a transmission controller which receives input signals and generates output signals to control shift and clutch motors to effect smooth launch, upshift shifts, and downshifts of the transmission, so that the transmission functions substantially as an automatic transmission from the perspective of the driver, while internally substantially functioning as a manual transmission.

  9. Study of luminosity and spin-up relation in X-ray binary pulsars with long-term monitoring by MAXI/GSC and Fermi/GBM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sugizaki, Mutsumi; Nakajima, Motoki; Yamaoka, Kazutaka

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the relation between luminosity and spin-period change in X-ray binary pulsars using long-term light curve obtained by the MAXI/GSC all-sky survey and pulse period data from the Fermi/GBM pulsar project. X-ray binaries, consisting of a highly magnetized neutron star and a stellar companion, originate X-ray emission according to the energy of the accretion matter onto the neutron star. The accretion matter also transfers the angular momentum at the Alfven radius, and then spin up the neutron star. Therefore, the X-ray luminosity and the spin-up rate are supposed to be well correlated. We analyzed the luminosity and period-change relation using the data taken by continuous monitoring of MAXI/GSC and Fermi/GBM for Be/X-ray binaries, GX 304$-$1, A 0535$+$26, GRO J1008$-$57, KS 1947$+$300, and 2S 1417$-$624, which occurred large outbursts in the last four years. We discuss the results comparing the obtained observed relation with that of the theoretical model by Ghosh \\& Lamb (1979).

  10. TLSync: Support for Multiple Fast Barriers Using On-Chip Transmission Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prvulovic, Milos

    TLSync: Support for Multiple Fast Barriers Using On-Chip Transmission Lines Jungju Oh jungju in a transmission-line broadcast network, thus leaving the transmission line network free for non-modulated (base--Interconnection architectures General Terms Design, Performance Keywords Multi-core, Synchronization, Barrier, Transmission Line

  11. Series Transmission Line Transformer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Buckles, Robert A. (Livermore, CA); Booth, Rex (Livermore, CA); Yen, Boris T. (El Cerrito, CA)

    2004-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A series transmission line transformer is set forth which includes two or more of impedance matched sets of at least two transmissions lines such as shielded cables, connected in parallel at one end ans series at the other in a cascading fashion. The cables are wound about a magnetic core. The series transmission line transformer (STLT) which can provide for higher impedance ratios and bandwidths, which is scalable, and which is of simpler design and construction.

  12. Electric Transmission Lines (Nebraska)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Public Service Commission has jurisdiction over all electricity transmission lines crossing over or under railroad tracks at public highway crossings. This section contains general regulations...

  13. Patterns of transmission investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines a number of issues associated with alternative analytical approaches for evaluating investments in electricity transmission infrastructure and alternative institutional arrangements to govern network ...

  14. STRATEGIC TRANSMISSION INVESTMENT PLAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors James Bartridge Judy Grau Mark Hesters Don Kondoleon Chuck Najarian Contributing Authors Grace: Bartridge, James, Judy Grau, Mark Hesters, Don Kondoleon, Chuck Najarian. 2007 Strategic Transmission

  15. Collaborative Transmission Technology Roadmap

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    techniques, and tools to analyze data from power quality recorders Size-up demand response opportunities Transmission level monitoring with PMUs is not sufficient and needs to...

  16. Transmission Line Security Monitor

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The Transmission Line Security Monitor is a multi-sensor monitor that mounts directly on high-voltage transmission lines to detect, characterize and communicate terrorist activity, human tampering and threatening conditions around support towers. For more information about INL's critical infrastructure protection research, visit http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

  17. Transmission Enhancement Technology Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Existing Transmission 6 5. Potential New Equipment to Improve Transmission Capability 9 6. Potential New parties for the sites that should be studied as potential locations for new generation and to consult lignite and wind energy. " As per the requirements of the above-referenced Congressional direction

  18. Long-term contracts and asset specificity revisited : an empirical analysis of producer-importer relations in the natural gas industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumann, Anne

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we analyze structural changes in long-term contracts in the international trade of natural gas. Using a unique data set of 262 long-term contracts between natural gas producers and importers, we estimate the ...

  19. ac transmission system: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    limits. The models are used to estimate the benefits of electricity locational marginal pricing (LMP) that arise from de Gispert, Adri 333 Heat transmission in Relativity...

  20. ac transmission systems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    limits. The models are used to estimate the benefits of electricity locational marginal pricing (LMP) that arise from de Gispert, Adri 333 Heat transmission in Relativity...

  1. Report on Transmission Cost Allocation for RTOs and Others (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coles, L.; Porter, K.

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation describes in summary fashion some present transmission cost allocation methods, especially as this relates to the development of utility-scale renewable power sources.

  2. Analytical time domain electromagnetic field propagators and closed-form solutions for transmission lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jaehoon

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An analytical solution for the coupled telegraphers equations in terms of the voltage and current on a homogeneous lossy transmission line and multiconductor transmission line is presented. The resulting telegraphers equation solution is obtained...

  3. Power Control and Transmission Scheduling for Network Utility Maximization in Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Vinod

    Power Control and Transmission Scheduling for Network Utility Maximization in Wireless Networks Min power control and transmis- sion scheduling problem in wireless networks with average power constraints. Index Terms--Network utility maximization, power control, transmission scheduling, column generation I

  4. Transmission Cost Allocation Methodologies for Regional Transmission Organizations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fink, S.; Rogers, J.; Porter, K.

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes transmission cost allocation methodologies for transmission projects developed to maintain or enhance reliability, to interconnect new generators, or to access new resources and enhance competitive bulk power markets, otherwise known as economic transmission projects.

  5. EIS-0411: Transmission Agency of Northern California Transmission Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS is for the Western Area Power Administration construction, operation, and maintenance of the proposed transmission agency of Northern California Transmission Project, California.

  6. Electric Transmission Lines (Iowa)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Electric transmission lines capable of operating at 69 kV or greater cannot be constructed along, across, or over any public highways or grounds outside of cities without a franchise from the...

  7. Down hole transmission system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Hall, Jr., H. Tracy (Provo, UT)

    2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A transmission system in a downhole component comprises a data transmission element in both ends of the downhole component. Each data transmission element houses an electrically conducting coil in a MCEI circular trough. The electrically conducting coil comprises at least two generally fractional loops. In the preferred embodiment, the transmission elements are connected by an electrical conductor. Preferably, the electrical conductor is a coaxial cable. Preferably, the MCEI trough comprises ferrite. In the preferred embodiment, the fractional loops are connected by a connecting cable. In one aspect of the present invention, the connecting cable is a pair of twisted wires. In one embodiment the connecting cable is a shielded pair of twisted wires. In another aspect of the present invention, the connecting cable is a coaxial cable. The connecting cable may be disposed outside of the MCEI circular trough.

  8. Transmission Services Bulletin

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Standard Time On the first Sunday in November Transmission Services sets clocks from Daylight Savings Time (PD) back to Standard Time (PS). At 02:00 the time becomes 01:00. In...

  9. Transmission Grid Integration

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The levels of solar energy penetration envisioned by the DOE SunShot Initiative must be interconnected effectively onto the transmission grid. This interconnection requires an in-depth...

  10. Designing electricity transmission auctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greve, Thomas; Pollitt, Michael G.

    2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The UK has ambitious plans for exploiting offshore wind for electricity production in order to meet its challenging target under the EU Renewable Energy Directive. This could involve investing up to 20bn in transmission assets to bring electricity...

  11. National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Webinars | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    National Electric Transmission Congestion Study National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Webinars National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Webinars The Department...

  12. Flexible Transmission in the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hedman, Kory Walter

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Planning . 102 vi Transmission Line Maintenance Scheduling 103 Just-in-time Transmission 103 Flexible Transmission in the Smart Grid

  13. Bulk Power Transmission Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, T.

    BULK POWER TRANSMISSION STUDY TOMMY JOH~ P. E. Manager of Resource Recovery Waste Management of North America, Inc. Houston, Texas Texans now have a choice. We can become more efficient and maintain our standard of living, or we can... continue business as usual and watch our standard of living erode from competition from other regions. In the past, except for improving reliability, there was no need for a strong transmission system. When Texas generation was primarily gas fueled...

  14. Energy Transmission and Infrastructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathison, Jane

    2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of Energy Transmission and Infrastructure Northern Ohio (OH) was to lay the conceptual and analytical foundation for an energy economy in northern Ohio that will: improve the efficiency with which energy is used in the residential, commercial, industrial, agricultural, and transportation sectors for Oberlin, Ohio as a district-wide model for Congressional District OH-09; identify the potential to deploy wind and solar technologies and the most effective configuration for the regional energy system (i.e., the ratio of distributed or centralized power generation); analyze the potential within the district to utilize farm wastes to produce biofuels; enhance long-term energy security by identifying ways to deploy local resources and building Ohio-based enterprises; identify the policy, regulatory, and financial barriers impeding development of a new energy system; and improve energy infrastructure within Congressional District OH-09. This objective of laying the foundation for a renewable energy system in Ohio was achieved through four primary areas of activity: 1. district-wide energy infrastructure assessments and alternative-energy transmission studies; 2. energy infrastructure improvement projects undertaken by American Municipal Power (AMP) affiliates in the northern Ohio communities of Elmore, Oak Harbor, and Wellington; 3. Oberlin, OH-area energy assessment initiatives; and 4. a district-wide conference held in September 2011 to disseminate year-one findings. The grant supported 17 research studies by leading energy, policy, and financial specialists, including studies on: current energy use in the district and the Oberlin area; regional potential for energy generation from renewable sources such as solar power, wind, and farm-waste; energy and transportation strategies for transitioning the City of Oberlin entirely to renewable resources and considering pedestrians, bicyclists, and public transportation as well as drivers in developing transportation policies; energy audits and efficiency studies for Oberlin-area businesses and Oberlin College; identification of barriers to residential energy efficiency and development of programming to remove these barriers; mapping of the solar-photovoltaic and wind-energy supply chains in northwest Ohio; and opportunities for vehicle sharing and collaboration among the ten organizations in Lorain County from the private, government, non-profit, and educational sectors. With non-grant funds, organizations have begun or completed projects that drew on the findings of the studies, including: creation of a residential energy-efficiency program for the Oberlin community; installation of energy-efficient lighting in Oberlin College facilities; and development by the City of Oberlin and Oberlin College of a 2.27 megawatt solar photovoltaic facility that is expected to produce 3,000 megawatt-hours of renewable energy annually, 12% of the Colleges yearly power needs. Implementation of these and other projects is evidence of the economic feasibility and technical effectiveness of grant-supported studies, and additional projects are expected to advance to implementation in the coming years. The public has benefited through improved energydelivery systems and reduced energy use for street lighting in Elmore, Oak Harbor, and Wellington; new opportunities for assistance and incentives for residential energy efficiency in the Oberlin community; new opportunities for financial and energy savings through vehicle collaboration within Lorain County; and decreased reliance on fossil fuels and expanded production of renewable energy in the region. The dissemination conference and the summary report developed for the conference also benefited the public, but making the findings and recommendations of the regional studies broadly available to elected officials, city managers, educators, representatives of the private sector, and the general public.

  15. Transmission Planning | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Planning Transmission Planning Modernizing America's electricity infrastructure is one of the U.S. Department of Energy's top priorities. The National Transmission Grid Study made...

  16. Hybrid Transmission Corridor study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clairmont, B.A.; Johnson, G.B.; Zaffanella, L.E. (General Electric Co., Lenox, MA (United States))

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hybrid Transmission Corridors are areas where High Voltage Alternating Current (HVAC) transmission lines and High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) transmission lines exist in close proximity of each other. Because of the acceptance of HVDC as a means of transporting electric power over long distances and the difficulties associated with obtaining new right-of-ways, HVDC lines may have to share the same transmission corridor with HVAC lines. The interactions between conductors energized with different types of voltages causes changes in the electrical stresses applied to the conductors and insulators. As a result, corona phenomena, field effects and insulation performance can be affected. This report presents the results of an investigation of the HVAC-HVDC interaction and its effect on corona and AC and DC electric field phenomena. The method of investigation was based on calculation methods developed at the EPRI High Voltage Transmission Research Center (HVTRC) and supported by the results of full and reduced-scale line tests. Also, a survey of existing hybrid corridors is given along with the results of measurements made at one of those corridors. A number of examples in which an existing AC corridor may be transformed into a hybrid corridor are discussed. The main result of the research is an analytical/empirical model for predicting the electrical/environmental performance of hybrid corridors, a definition of ACDC interaction and a set of criteria for specifying when the interaction becomes significant, and a set of design rules.

  17. Integrated Transmission and Distribution Control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalsi, Karanjit; Fuller, Jason C.; Tuffner, Francis K.; Lian, Jianming; Zhang, Wei; Marinovici, Laurentiu D.; Fisher, Andrew R.; Chassin, Forrest S.; Hauer, Matthew L.

    2013-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Distributed, generation, demand response, distributed storage, smart appliances, electric vehicles and renewable energy resources are expected to play a key part in the transformation of the American power system. Control, coordination and compensation of these smart grid assets are inherently interlinked. Advanced control strategies to warrant large-scale penetration of distributed smart grid assets do not currently exist. While many of the smart grid technologies proposed involve assets being deployed at the distribution level, most of the significant benefits accrue at the transmission level. The development of advanced smart grid simulation tools, such as GridLAB-D, has led to a dramatic improvement in the models of smart grid assets available for design and evaluation of smart grid technology. However, one of the main challenges to quantifying the benefits of smart grid assets at the transmission level is the lack of tools and framework for integrating transmission and distribution technologies into a single simulation environment. Furthermore, given the size and complexity of the distribution system, it is crucial to be able to represent the behavior of distributed smart grid assets using reduced-order controllable models and to analyze their impacts on the bulk power system in terms of stability and reliability. The objectives of the project were to: Develop a simulation environment for integrating transmission and distribution control, Construct reduced-order controllable models for smart grid assets at the distribution level, Design and validate closed-loop control strategies for distributed smart grid assets, and Demonstrate impact of integrating thousands of smart grid assets under closed-loop control demand response strategies on the transmission system. More specifically, GridLAB-D, a distribution system tool, and PowerWorld, a transmission planning tool, are integrated into a single simulation environment. The integrated environment allows the load flow interactions between the bulk power system and end-use loads to be explicitly modeled. Power system interactions are modeled down to time intervals as short as 1-second. Another practical issue is that the size and complexity of typical distribution systems makes direct integration with transmission models computationally intractable. Hence, the focus of the next main task is to develop reduced-order controllable models for some of the smart grid assets. In particular, HVAC units, which are a type of Thermostatically Controlled Loads (TCLs), are considered. The reduced-order modeling approach can be extended to other smart grid assets, like water heaters, PVs and PHEVs. Closed-loop control strategies are designed for a population of HVAC units under realistic conditions. The proposed load controller is fully responsive and achieves the control objective without sacrificing the end-use performance. Finally, using the T&D simulation platform, the benefits to the bulk power system are demonstrated by controlling smart grid assets under different demand response closed-loop control strategies.

  18. Printed circuit dispersive transmission line

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ikezi, H.; Lin-Liu, Y.R.; DeGrassie, J.S.

    1991-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A printed circuit dispersive transmission line structure is disclosed comprising an insulator, a ground plane formed on one surface of the insulator, a first transmission line formed on a second surface of the insulator, and a second transmission line also formed on the second surface of the insulator and of longer length than the first transmission line and periodically intersecting the first transmission line. In a preferred embodiment, the transmission line structure exhibits highly dispersive characteristics by designing the length of one of the transmission line between two adjacent periodic intersections to be longer than the other. 5 figures.

  19. Transmission line capital costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, K.R.; Brown, D.R.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The displacement or deferral of conventional AC transmission line installation is a key benefit associated with several technologies being developed with the support of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Energy Management (OEM). Previous benefits assessments conducted within OEM have been based on significantly different assumptions for the average cost per mile of AC transmission line. In response to this uncertainty, an investigation of transmission line capital cost data was initiated. The objective of this study was to develop a database for preparing preliminary estimates of transmission line costs. An extensive search of potential data sources identified databases maintained by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) as superior sources of transmission line cost data. The BPA and WAPA data were adjusted to a common basis and combined together. The composite database covers voltage levels from 13.8 to 765 W, with cost estimates for a given voltage level varying depending on conductor size, tower material type, tower frame type, and number of circuits. Reported transmission line costs vary significantly, even for a given voltage level. This can usually be explained by variation in the design factors noted above and variation in environmental and land (right-of-way) costs, which are extremely site-specific. Cost estimates prepared from the composite database were compared to cost data collected by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) for investor-owned utilities from across the United States. The comparison was hampered because the only design specifications included with the FERC data were voltage level and line length. Working within this limitation, the FERC data were not found to differ significantly from the composite database. Therefore, the composite database was judged to be a reasonable proxy for estimating national average costs.

  20. Low Frequency Transmission Final Project Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to HVDC transmission and conventional AC transmission in different configurations. The issue is quite

  1. Borehole data transmission apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kotlyar, Oleg M. (1739 Grandview #2, Idaho Falls, ID 83402)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A borehole data transmission apparatus whereby a centrifugal pump impeller(s) is used to provide a turbine stage having substantial pressure characteristics in response to changing rotational speed of a shaft for the pressure pulsing of data from the borehole through the drilling mud to the surface of the earth.

  2. Autonomous data transmission apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kotlyar, Oleg M. (4675 W. 3825 S, Salt Lake City, UT 84120)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A autonomous borehole data transmission apparatus for transmitting measurement data from measuring instruments at the downhole end of a drill string by generating pressure pulses utilizing a transducer longitudinally responsive to magnetic field pulses caused by electrical pulses corresponding to the measured downhole parameters.

  3. Autonomous data transmission apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kotlyar, O.M.

    1997-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A autonomous borehole data transmission apparatus is described for transmitting measurement data from measuring instruments at the downhole end of a drill string by generating pressure pulses utilizing a transducer longitudinally responsive to magnetic field pulses caused by electrical pulses corresponding to the measured downhole parameters. 4 figs.

  4. Omega Transmission Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vehmas, Joni

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we show how bi-anisotropic media with omega-type response can be realized using periodically loaded transmission lines. General conditions for the needed unit cell circuit block are derived. Also, an implementation is shown and analyzed.

  5. Borehole data transmission apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kotlyar, O.M.

    1993-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A borehole data transmission apparatus is described whereby a centrifugal pump impeller(s) is used to provide a turbine stage having substantial pressure characteristics in response to changing rotational speed of a shaft for the pressure pulsing of data from the borehole through the drilling mud to the surface of the earth.

  6. Methods, apparatus, and systems for monitoring transmission systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Polk, Robert E. (Idaho Falls, ID) [Idaho Falls, ID; Svoboda, John M. (Idaho Falls, ID) [Idaho Falls, ID; West, Phillip B. (Idaho Falls, ID) [Idaho Falls, ID; Heath, Gail L. (Iona, ID) [Iona, ID; Scott, Clark L. (Idaho Falls, ID) [Idaho Falls, ID

    2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A sensing platform for monitoring a transmission system, and method therefor, may include a sensor that senses one or more conditions relating to a condition of the transmission system and/or the condition of an environment around the transmission system. A control system operatively associated with the sensor produces output data based on an output signal produced by the sensor. A transmitter operatively associated with the control system transmits the output data from the control system.

  7. Drill string transmission line

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Hall, Jr., H. Tracy (Provo, UT); Pixton, David S. (Lehi, UT); Bradford, Kline (Orem, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

    2006-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A transmission line assembly for transmitting information along a downhole tool comprising a pin end, a box end, and a central bore traveling between the pin end and the box end, is disclosed in one embodiment of the invention as including a protective conduit. A transmission line is routed through the protective conduit. The protective conduit is routed through the central bore and the ends of the protective conduit are routed through channels formed in the pin end and box end of the downhole tool. The protective conduit is elastically forced into a spiral or other non-linear path along the interior surface of the central bore by compressing the protective conduit to a length within the downhole tool shorter than the protective conduit.

  8. DOE Transmission Workshop

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Deliciouscritical_materials_workshop_presentations.pdf MoreProgramofContract at itsSelections for ReducingTransmission

  9. DATA TRANSMISSION OPTIONS FOR VMT DATA AND FEE COLLECTION CENTERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    , VMT fee, data processing, fuel tax alternatives, fee collection center, customer service center 18DATA TRANSMISSION OPTIONS FOR VMT DATA AND FEE COLLECTION CENTERS by Robert L. Bertini Kerri-based fee collection centers, including the identification of issues related to data transmission, data

  10. Boardman to Hemingway Transmission Project

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Improvement (CBPI) Customer Forum Energy Imbalance Market Generator Interconnection Reform Implementation Network Integration Transmission Service (NT Service) Network Open...

  11. Transmission Issues Policy Steering Committee

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Business Practices CommitteesTeams Joint Operating Committee Transmission Issues Policy Steering Committee Customer Training Interconnection Notices Rates Standards of...

  12. Radio frequency communication system utilizing radiating transmission lines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Struven, Warren C. (San Carlos, CA)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A radio communication system for use in tunnels, mines, buildings or other shielded locations in which a pair of radiating transmission lines (30), (31) extend through such location in spaced coextensive relation to each other. Each transmission line (30), (31) has at least one unidirectional amplifier (32), (33) interposed therein with the sense of the unidirectional amplifier (32) of one transmission line (30) being opposite to the sense of the unidirectional amplifier (33) of the other transmission line (31). Each of the amplifiers (32), (33) has a gain which is less than the coupling loss between the transmission lines (30), (31). Two or more mobile transceivers (35) in the location served by the system are coupled to the transmission lines (30), (31) by electromagnetic wave propagation in space in order to communicate directly with each other at a given radio frequency within the frequency range of the system.

  13. Automated manual transmission clutch controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lawrie, Robert E. (9375 Kearney Rd., Whitmore Lake, MI 48189); Reed, Jr., Richard G. (3003 Bembridge, Royal Oak, MI 48073); Rausen, David J. (519 S. Gaylord St., Denver, CO 80209)

    1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A powertrain system for a hybrid vehicle. The hybrid vehicle includes a heat engine, such as a diesel engine, and an electric machine, which operates as both an electric motor and an alternator, to power the vehicle. The hybrid vehicle also includes a manual-style transmission configured to operate as an automatic transmission from the perspective of the driver. The engine and the electric machine drive an input shaft which in turn drives an output shaft of the transmission. In addition to driving the transmission, the electric machine regulates the speed of the input shaft in order to synchronize the input shaft during either an upshift or downshift of the transmission by either decreasing or increasing the speed of the input shaft. When decreasing the speed of the input shaft, the electric motor functions as an alternator to produce electrical energy which may be stored by a storage device. Operation of the transmission is controlled by a transmission controller which receives input signals and generates output signals to control shift and clutch motors to effect smooth launch, upshift shifts, and downshifts of the transmission, so that the transmission functions substantially as an automatic transmission from the perspective of the driver, while internally substantially functioning as a manual transmission.

  14. Transmission - Contact Information

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler TinaContact-Information-Transmission Sign In About |

  15. Transmission Capacity Forum

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler TinaContact-Information-Transmission Sign In About

  16. Transmission Contact Information

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler TinaContact-Information-Transmission Sign In

  17. Transmission Developers Inc.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyThe EnergyDepartment7 thFuel Processor for' % ~ Transmission

  18. Transmission and Storage Operations

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyThe EnergyDepartment7 thFuel Processor for' %Transmission and

  19. Electricity Transmission, A Primer

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.Program - LibbyofThisStatementNOTElectricity Transmission System

  20. Transmission Right Of Way

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layered NbS2Topo II: AnTraining andfordefault SignTransmissionAbout

  1. Transmission SEAB Presentation

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment of EnergyProgram2-26 Date: March 2, 2012Department ofTransmissionOvercoming

  2. Colorado Electrical Transmission Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zehner, Richard E.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Citation Information: Originator: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Originator: Xcel Energy Publication Date: 2012 Title: Colorado XcelEnergy NonXcel Transmission Network Edition: First Publication Information: Publication Place: Earth Science & Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), University of Colorado, Boulder Publisher: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Description: This layer contains transmission network of Colorado Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4540689.017558 m Left: 160606.141934 m Right: 758715.946645 m Bottom: 4098910.893397m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Contact Person: Khalid Hussein Address: CIRES, Ekeley Building Earth Science & Observation Center (ESOC) 216 UCB City: Boulder State: CO Postal Code: 80309-0216 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 303-492-6782 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System 1984 (WGS 1984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shapefile

  3. Dispersion-free radial transmission lines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Caporaso, George J. (Livermore, CA); Nelson, Scott D. (Patterson, CA)

    2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A dispersion-free radial transmission line ("DFRTL") preferably for linear accelerators, having two plane conductors each with a central hole, and an electromagnetically permeable material ("EPM") between the two conductors and surrounding a channel connecting the two holes. At least one of the material parameters of relative magnetic permeability, relative dielectric permittivity, and axial width of the EPM is varied as a function of radius, so that the characteristic impedance of the DFRTL is held substantially constant, and pulse transmission therethrough is substantially dispersion-free. Preferably, the EPM is divided into concentric radial sections, with the varied material parameters held constant in each respective section but stepwise varied between sections as a step function of the radius. The radial widths of the concentric sections are selected so that pulse traversal time across each section is the same, and the varied material parameters of the concentric sections are selected to minimize traversal error.

  4. 127 Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Key Assumptions

    and border prices, end-use prices, and flows of natural gas through a regional interstate representative pipeline network, for both a peak (December through March) and off-peak period during each projection year. These are derived by solving for the market equilibrium across the three main components of the natural gas market: the supply component, the demand component, and the transmission and distribution network that links them. Natural gas flow patterns are a function of the pattern in the previous year, coupled with the relative prices of the supply options available to bring gas to market centers within each of the NGTDM regions (Figure 9). The major assumptions used within the NGTDM are grouped into four general categories. They relate to (1) structural components of the model, (2) capacity expansion and pricing of transmission and distribution services, (3) Arctic pipelines, and (4) imports and exports. A complete listing of NGTDM assumptions and in-depth

  5. AGENDA: PETROLEUM PRODUCT TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The agenda for the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) public stakeholder meeting in New Orleans on petroleum product transmission, distribution, and storage.

  6. Transmission of MPEG2 Streams NonGuaranteed Quality of Service Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schulzrinne, Henning

    Transmission of MPEG­2 Streams over Non­Guaranteed Quality of Service Networks A. Basso, G. L. Cash transmission is important for several applications including high quality video­on­demand as a part the needs of relatively error prone systems such as point­ to­point, dedicated transmission systems

  7. Optimized Waveform Relaxation Methods for the Longitudinal Partitioning of Transmission Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gander, Martin J.

    1 Optimized Waveform Relaxation Methods for the Longitudinal Partitioning of Transmission Lines convergence. Here we consider transmission line circuits since they represent an important part of a Spice type circuit solver. For transmission lines, the coupling between different lines is relatively weak

  8. Extraordinary acoustic transmission mediated by Helmholtz resonators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koju, Vijay [Computation Science Program, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee 37132 (United States); Rowe, Ebony [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee 37132 (United States); Robertson, William M., E-mail: William.Robertson@mtsu.edu [Computation Science Program, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee 37132 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee 37132 (United States)

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate perfect transmission of sound through a rigid barrier embedded with Helmholtz resonators. The resonators are confined within a waveguide and they are oriented such that one neck protrudes onto each side of the barrier. Perfect sound transmission occurs even though the open area of the necks is less than 3% of the barrier area. Maximum transmission occurs at the resonant frequency of the Helmholtz resonator. Because the dimensions of the Helmholtz resonators are much smaller than the resonant wavelength, the transmission is independent of the direction of sound on the barrier and of the relative placement of the necks. Further, we show that the transmitted sound experiences a continuous phase transition of ? radians as a function of frequency through resonance. In simulations of adjacent resonators with slightly offset resonance frequencies, the phase difference leads to destructive interference. By expanding the simulation to a linear array of tuned Helmholtz resonators we show that it is possible to create an acoustic lens. The ability of Helmholtz resonator arrays to manipulate the phase of a plane acoustic wave enables a new class of sonic beam-forming devices analogous to diffractive optics.

  9. Direct current power transmission systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Padiyar, K.R.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book represents text on HVDC transmission available. It deals with the various aspects of the state of the art in HVDC transmission technology. This book presents many aspects of interactions of AC/DC systems. Modeling and analysis of DC systems are also discussed in detail.

  10. Key-shift transmission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nemoto, S.

    1989-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A key-shift transmission is described, characterized by the speed-change shaft being divided into a pair of trough-shaped shaft halves each having an arched inner surface which defines a part of a cylindrical bore extending axially through the speed-change shaft thereby the shaft being formed into a hollow shaft, and by each of the shaft halves including a pair of flattened end surfaces which extend axially of each shaft half at both sides of the inner surface, one of the end surfaces having thereon an axially elongated projection and the other of the end surfaces having herein an axially elongated recess of a depth smaller than the height of the projection. The pair of shaft halves are engaged to each other co-rotatably by fitting the projections of the respective shaft halves into the recesses of the respective shaft halves so as to form in an outer surface of the speed-change shaft a pair of elongated axial grooves which are located radially outwardly of the elongated projections of the respective shaft halves and between the flattened end surfaces of the respective shaft halves. A pair of the shift keys are disposed within the pair of elongated axial grooves.

  11. Nodes Placement for reducing Energy Consumption in Multimedia Transmissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    quality of multimedia traffic. Index Terms--Wireless Sensor Networks, Multimedia, Energy Saving, Quality on the energy saving by extending the lifetime of the network up to more than 15% while preserving video qualityNodes Placement for reducing Energy Consumption in Multimedia Transmissions Pasquale Pace Valeria

  12. Canopy radiation transmission for an energy balance snowmelt model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarboton, David

    January 2012. [1] To better estimate the radiation energy within and beneath the forest canopy for energy the energy balance and snowmelt beneath the forest canopy. Parsimony in terms of model complexity and dataCanopy radiation transmission for an energy balance snowmelt model Vinod Mahat1 and David G

  13. Energy Efficient Transmissions In MIMO Cognitive Radio Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    Energy Efficient Transmissions In MIMO Cognitive Radio Networks Liqun Fu The Institute of Network@ie.cuhk.edu.hk Abstract-In this paper, we consider energy efficient transmis sions for MIMO cognitive radio networks. Index Terms-Cognitive radio networks, MIMO, Energy efficiency. I. INTRODUCTION Cognitive radio, which

  14. Energy Efficient Transmissions in MIMO Cognitive Radio Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    Energy Efficient Transmissions in MIMO Cognitive Radio Networks Liqun Fu The Institute of Network@ie.cuhk.edu.hk Abstract--In this paper, we consider energy efficient transmis- sions for MIMO cognitive radio networks on the traffic load of the secondary system. Index Terms--Cognitive radio networks, MIMO, Energy- efficiency. I

  15. AC and DC power transmission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The technical and economic assessment of AC and DC transmission systems; long distance transmission, cable transmission, system inter-connection, voltage support, reactive compensation, stabilisation of systems; parallel operation of DC links with AC systems; comparison between alternatives for particular schemes. Design and application equipment: design, testing and application of equipment for HVDC, series and shunt static compensated AC schemes, including associated controls. Installations: overall design of stations and conductor arrangements for HVDC, series and shunt static AC schemes including insulation co-ordination. System analysis and modelling.

  16. Electrical transmission line diametrical retainer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Hall, Jr., H. Tracy (Provo, UT); Pixton, David (Lehi, UT); Dahlgren, Scott (Provo, UT); Sneddon, Cameron (Provo, UT); Briscoe, Michael (Lehi, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

    2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention is a mechanism for retaining an electrical transmission line. In one embodiment of the invention it is a system for retaining an electrical transmission line within down hole components. In accordance with one aspect of the invention, the system includes a plurality of downhole components, such as sections of pipe in a drill string. The system also includes a coaxial cable running between the first and second end of a drill pipe, the coaxial cable having a conductive tube and a conductive core within it. The invention allows the electrical transmission line to with stand the tension and compression of drill pipe during routine drilling cycles.

  17. Do Generation Firms in Restructured Electricity Markets Have Incentives to Support Socially-Efficient Transmission Investments? *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Do Generation Firms in Restructured Electricity Markets Have Incentives to Support Socially that generation firms have in restructured electricity markets for supporting long-term transmission investments.S. transmission system is under stress (Abraham, 2002). Growth of electricity demand and new generation capacity

  18. > PAPER FOR THE SPECIAL SECTION ON TRANSMISSION INVESTMENT, PRICING AND CONSTRUCTION economic perspective, the appropriate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    --From an economic perspective, the appropriate criterion for assessing the merits of a transmission investment, it must be capable of evaluating the economic impacts on the various effected stakeholders and account. Index Terms--Market power, network expansion planning, power system economics, power transmission

  19. Video transmission over wireless networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Shengjie

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Compressed video bitstream transmissions over wireless networks are addressed in this work. We first consider error control and power allocation for transmitting wireless video over CDMA networks in conjunction with multiuser detection. We map a...

  20. EIS-0231: Navajo Transmission Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to by Dine Power Authority, a Navajo Nation enterprise,to construct, operate, and maintain a 500 kilovolt (kV) transmission line planned...

  1. WINDExchange Offshore Wind Webinar: Transmission Planning and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Offshore Wind Webinar: Transmission Planning and Interconnection for Offshore Wind WINDExchange Offshore Wind Webinar: Transmission Planning and Interconnection for Offshore Wind...

  2. 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Federal...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    6 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Federal Register Notice & Comments 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Federal Register Notice & Comments The...

  3. National Electric Transmission Congestion Study | Department...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Study National Electric Transmission Congestion Study National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Section 1221(a) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, codified at 16 U.S.C....

  4. 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    9 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Section 216(a) of the Federal Power Act, as amended by the Energy Policy Act...

  5. 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    6 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Section 216(a) of the Federal Power Act, as amended by the Energy Policy Act...

  6. National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshops | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshops National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshops DOE hosted four regional pre-study workshops to receive input...

  7. Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module The NEMS Natural Gas Transmission and...

  8. Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module The NEMS Natural Gas Transmission and...

  9. Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module This

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module The NEMS Natural Gas Transmission and...

  10. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Electric Transmission Congestion...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    National Electric Transmission Congestion Report Docket No. 2007-OE-01, Mid-Atlantic Area National Interest Electric Transmission Corridor; Docket No. 2007-0E-02, Southwest Area...

  11. Directly correlated transmission electron microscopy and atom...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Directly correlated transmission electron microscopy and atom probe tomography of grain boundary oxidation in a Ni-Al binary Directly correlated transmission electron microscopy...

  12. Conductive Channel for Energy Transmission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Apollonov, Victor V. [A.M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Vavilov Str. 38, Moscow, 119991 (Russian Federation)

    2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    For many years the attempts to create conductive channels of big length were taken in order to study the upper atmosphere and to settle special tasks, related to energy transmission. There upon the program of creation of 'Impulsar' represents a great interest, as this program in a combination with high-voltage high repetition rate electrical source can be useful to solve the above mentioned problems (N. Tesla ideas for the days of high power lasers). The principle of conductive channel production can be shortly described as follows. The 'Impulsar' - laser jet engine vehicle - propulsion take place under the influence of powerful high repetition rate pulse-periodic laser radiation. In the experiments the CO{sub 2}-laser and solid state Nd:YAG laser systems had been used. Active impulse appears thanks to air breakdown (<30 km) or to the breakdown of ablated material on the board (>30 km), placed in the vicinity of the focusing mirror-acceptor of the breakdown waves. With each pulse of powerful laser the device rises up, leaving a bright and dense trace of products with high degree of ionization and metallization by conductive nano-particles due to ablation. Conductive dust plasma properties investigation in our experiments was produced by two very effective approaches: high power laser controlled ablation and by explosion of wire. Experimental and theoretical results of conductive canal modeling will be presented. The estimations show that with already experimentally demonstrated figures of specific thrust impulse the lower layers of the Ionosphere can be reached in several ten seconds that is enough to keep the high level of channel conductivity and stability with the help of high repetition rate high voltage generator. Some possible applications for new technology are highlighted.

  13. Issues arising with the application of optical fiber transmission in class 1E systems in nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korsah, K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Antonescu, C. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The application of fiber optic links and networks in safety-critical systems in the next generation of nuclear power plants, as well as in some digital upgrades in present-day plants, will mean that these links must be highly reliable and able to withstand the effect of environmental stressors present at the installation location. This paper discusses the failure modes and age-related mechanisms of fiber optic transmission components and identifies environmental stressors that could adversely affect their reliability over the long term. Some of the standards that could be used in their qualification for safety-critical applications are also discussed briefly.

  14. July 2, 2007 1 Optimal Transmission Switching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mangasarian, Olvi L.

    d to node n. zk: binary variable indicating whether transmission line k is removed from the system limit on number of open transmission lines Manuscript received July 2, 2007. This work was supported-mail: ferris@cs.wisc.edu). Sets : Set of all transmission lines L: Set of open transmission lines in solution

  15. Transmission Lines Emulating Moving Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vehmas, Joni; Tretyakov, Sergei

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we show how the electromagnetic phenomena in moving magnetodielectric media can be emulated using artificial composite structures at rest. In particular, we introduce nonreciprocal periodically loaded transmission lines which support waves obeying the same rules as plane electromagnetic waves in moving media. Because the actual physical structure is at rest, in these transmission lines there are no fundamental limitations on the velocity values, which may take values larger than the speed of light or even complex values (considering complex amplitudes in the time-harmonic regime). An example circuit of a unit cell of a "moving" transmission line is presented and analyzed both numerically and experimentally. The special case of composite right/left handed host line is also studied numerically. Besides the fundamental interest, the study is relevant for potential applications in realizing engineered materials for various transformations of electromagnetic fields.

  16. Midwest Transmission Workshop III Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin Bryan

    2003-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 On March 12-13, 2002, the National Wind Coordinating Committee (NWCC), in cooperation with regional stakeholders, held a two-day workshop: Planning for Electrical Transmission Needs in the Upper Midwest. The workshop was the outgrowth of an effort to develop a forum and process for consideration of transmission options that strives for equitable allocation of benefits and impacts among all affected parties. The goal of this workshop was to provide a catalyst for an enhanced, inclusive process for transmission planning with participation of and acceptance by all affected stakeholders. Participants in the meeting included representatives of state and regional regulatory agencies, utilities and power generators, the wind industry, environmental and landowner interests, and other interested parties (see Attachment A for a list of meeting participants).

  17. The Inherent Inefficiency of Simultaneously Feasible Financial Transmission Rights Auctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    transmission right, electricity auction, simultaneous feasibility, transmission pricing. I. INTRODUCTION POINT

  18. The Inherent Inefficiency of Simultaneously Feasible Financial Transmission Rights Auctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , transmission pricing. I. INTRODUCTION POINT-TO-POINT financial transmission rights (FTRs) (see [2] and [7

  19. Power superconducting power transmission cable

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ashworth, Stephen P. (Cambridge, GB)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is for a compact superconducting power transmission cable operating at distribution level voltages. The superconducting cable is a conductor with a number of tapes assembled into a subconductor. These conductors are then mounted co-planarly in an elongated dielectric to produce a 3-phase cable. The arrangement increases the magnetic field parallel to the tapes thereby reducing ac losses.

  20. Power Transmission, Distribution and Plants

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Power Transmission, Distribution and Plants A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Abdel-Aal, Radwan E. - Computer Engineering Department, King Fahd University of...

  1. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Transmission Siting & Interconnection | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: EnergyPotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVCapacityPulaskiRAPID/BulkTransmission/Texas < RAPID‎ |

  2. Bayesian Image Reconstruction for Transmission Tomography Using Deterministic Annealing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rangarajan, Anand

    and non-medical applications, however, the measured projection data are photon limited and the imaging;1 INTRODUCTION Transmission tomography is perhaps most familiar in its medical guise as CT (computed tomogra- phy procedure. Because of the relatively high dose in conventional CT, the measured projection data contain

  3. Tropical Environments, Human Activities, and the Transmission of Infectious Diseases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gottgens, Hans

    of water sources. The transmission of cholera, a water-borne disease, is related to sanitation practices decades as a consequence of large-scale agricultural development projects that have shifted the nature and quantity of water sources and potential mosquito breeding sites. Dracunculiasis is transmitted by a small

  4. 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Related Materials

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement Awardflash2007-42attachment1.pdfmodule 4 module51:11| Department of Energy 6

  5. The Cost of Transmission for Wind Energy: A Review of Transmission Planning Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2007. Inclusion of Wind in the MISO Transmission Expansionhttp://www.jcspstudy.org/ Midwest ISO (MISO). 2007. Midwest+Planning Midwest ISO (MISO). 2003. Midwest Transmission

  6. Transmission

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButler Tina ButlerTodayTransForumEnergyTransit

  7. Midwest Transmission Workshop II Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin Bryan

    2002-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 After introductions of all participants, Abby Arnold, RESOLVE, reviewed the purpose of the meeting and the agenda. The purpose of the workshop was to share the results of the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) scenario development for wind and other fuel sources and the corresponding implications for transmission throughout the MISO control area. The workshop agenda is included in Attachment A.

  8. Florida Electric Transmission Line Siting Act (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Transmission Line Siting Act (TLSA) is the states centralized process for licensing electrical transmission lines which; (a) are 230 kV or larger; (b) cross a county line; and, (c) are 15...

  9. Grand Coulee Transmission Line Replacement Project

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by the Bureau of Reclamation to design and construct six new 500-kV overhead transmission lines at Grand Coulee Dam. BPA will replace the existing underground transmission...

  10. Coiled transmission line pulse generators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kenneth Fox (Columbia, MO)

    2010-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and apparatus are provided for fabricating and constructing solid dielectric "Coiled Transmission Line" pulse generators in radial or axial coiled geometries. The pour and cure fabrication process enables a wide variety of geometries and form factors. The volume between the conductors is filled with liquid blends of monomers, polymers, oligomers, and/or cross-linkers and dielectric powders; and then cured to form high field strength and high dielectric constant solid dielectric transmission lines that intrinsically produce ideal rectangular high voltage pulses when charged and switched into matched impedance loads. Voltage levels may be increased by Marx and/or Blumlein principles incorporating spark gap or, preferentially, solid state switches (such as optically triggered thyristors) which produce reliable, high repetition rate operation. Moreover, these Marxed pulse generators can be DC charged and do not require additional pulse forming circuitry, pulse forming lines, transformers, or an a high voltage spark gap output switch. The apparatus accommodates a wide range of voltages, impedances, pulse durations, pulse repetition rates, and duty cycles. The resulting mobile or flight platform friendly cylindrical geometric configuration is much more compact, light-weight, and robust than conventional linear geometries, or pulse generators constructed from conventional components. Installing additional circuitry may accommodate optional pulse shape improvements. The Coiled Transmission Lines can also be connected in parallel to decrease the impedance, or in series to increase the pulse length.

  11. Articles about Grid Integration and Transmission

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Stories about grid integration and transmission featured by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Wind Program.

  12. Transmission Dr. Sandra Cruz-Pol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruz-Pol, Sandra L.

    Transmission Lines Dr. Sandra Cruz-Pol ECE Dept. UPRM Exercise 11.3 n A 40-m long TL has Vg=15 Vrms to electric circuits! cmc kmc GHz Hz 15000,000,2000/ 000,560/ 2 60 == == Transmission Lines I. TL parameters-wave transformer ¨ Slotted line ¨ Single stub VI. Microstrips Transmission Lines (TL) n TL have two conductors

  13. Preprint August 2008: to appear in Neural Computation 1 Wide-band information transmission at the calyx of Held

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    at the calyx of Held Zhijun Yang1 , Matthias H. Hennig2 , Michael Postlethwaite3 , Ian D. Forsythe4 and Bruce P Abstract We use a mathematical model of the calyx of Held to explore information transmission at this giant words: short-term synaptic plasticity; signal transmission; mutual information; calyx of Held 1

  14. High Performance X-Ray Transmission Windows Based on Graphenic Carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huebner, Sebastian; Kapser, Stefan; Pahlke, Andreas; Kreupl, Franz

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel x-ray transmission window based on graphenic carbon has been developed with superior performance compared to beryllium transmission windows that are currently used in the field. Graphenic carbon in combination with an integrated silicon frame allows for a window design which does not use a mechanical support grid or additional light blocking layers. Compared to beryllium, the novel x-ray transmission window exhibits an improved transmission in the low energy region ($0.1 hbox{keV}-3 hbox{keV}$ ) while demonstrating excellent mechanical stability, as well as light and vacuum tightness. Therefore, the newly established graphenic carbon window, can replace beryllium in x-ray transmission windows with a nontoxic and abundant material. Index terms: Beryllium, Carbon, Graphene, Thin films, X-ray applications, X-ray detectors

  15. Comments of New England Electric Transmission Corporation on...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    out of time and comments of New England Electric Transmission Corporation, New England Hydro-Transmission Electric Company, Inc. and New England Hydro-Transmission Corporation and...

  16. Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands...

  17. Fact #850: December 8, 2014 Automatic Transmissions have closed...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Historically, manual transmissions have delivered better fuel economy than automatic transmissions. However, improvements in the efficiency of automatic transmissions have closed...

  18. Automated manual transmission shift sequence controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lawrie, Robert E. (Whitmore Lake, MI); Reed, Richard G. (Royal Oak, MI); Rausen, David J. (Denver, CO)

    2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A powertrain system for a hybrid vehicle. The hybrid vehicle includes a heat engine, such as a diesel engine, and an electric machine, which operates as both, an electric motor and an alternator, to power the vehicle. The hybrid vehicle also includes a manual-style transmission configured to operate as an automatic transmission from the perspective of the driver. The engine and the electric machine drive an input shaft which in turn drives an output shaft of the transmission. In addition to driving the transmission, the electric machine regulates the speed of the input shaft in order to synchronize the input shaft during either an upshift or downshift of the transmission by either decreasing or increasing the speed of the input shaft. When decreasing the speed of the input shaft, the electric motor functions as an alternator to produce electrical energy which may be stored by a storage device. Operation of the transmission is controlled by a transmission controller which receives input signals and generates output signals to control shift and clutch motors to effect smooth launch, upshift shifts, and downshifts of the transmission, so that the transmission functions substantially as an automatic transmission from the perspective of the driver, while internally substantially functioning as a manual transmission.

  19. Automated manual transmission mode selection controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lawrie, Robert E. (Whitmore Lake, MI)

    1999-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A powertrain system for a hybrid vehicle. The hybrid vehicle includes a heat engine, such as a diesel engine, and an electric machine, which operates as both an electric motor and an alternator, to power the vehicle. The hybrid vehicle also includes a manual-style transmission configured to operate as an automatic transmission from the perspective of the driver. The engine and the electric machine drive an input shaft which in turn drives an output shaft of the transmission. In addition to driving the transmission, the electric machine regulates the speed of the input shaft in order to synchronize the input shaft during either an upshift or downshift of the transmission by either decreasing or increasing the speed of the input shaft. When decreasing the speed of the input shaft, the electric motor functions as an alternator to produce electrical energy which may be stored by a storage device. Operation of the transmission is controlled by a transmission controller which receives input signals and generates output signals to control shift and clutch motors to effect smooth launch, upshift shifts, and downshifts of the transmission, so that the transmission functions substantially as an automatic transmission from the perspective of the driver, while internally substantially functioning as a manual transmission.

  20. Pulse shaping with transmission lines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wilcox, Russell B. (Oakland, CA)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for forming shaped voltage pulses uses passive reflection from a transmission line with nonuniform impedance. The impedance of the reflecting line varies with length in accordance with the desired pulse shape. A high voltage input pulse is transmitted to the reflecting line. A reflected pulse is produced having the desired shape and is transmitted by pulse removal means to a load. Light activated photoconductive switches made of silicon can be utilized. The pulse shaper can be used to drive a Pockels cell to produce shaped optical pulses.

  1. Pulse shaping with transmission lines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wilcox, R.B.

    1985-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for forming shaped voltage pulses uses passive reflection from a transmission line with nonuniform impedance. The impedance of the reflecting line varies with length in accordance with the desired pulse shape. A high voltage input pulse is transmitted to the reflecting line. A reflected pulse is produced having the desired shape and is transmitted by pulse removal means to a load. Light activated photoconductive switches made of silicon can be utilized. The pulse shaper can be used to drive a Pockels cell to produce shaped optical pulses.

  2. Relativistic tunneling and accelerated transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alex E. Bernardini

    2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain the solutions for the tunneling zone of a one-dimensional electrostatic potential in the relativistic (Dirac to Klein-Gordon) wave equation regime when the incoming wave packet exhibits the possibility of being almost totally transmitted through the potential barrier. The conditions for the occurrence of accelerated and, eventually, superluminal tunneling transmission probabilities are all quantified and the problematic superluminal interpretation originated from the study based on non-relativistic dynamics of tunneling is overcome. The treatment of the problem suggests revealing insights into condensed-matter experiments using electrostatic barriers in single- and bi-layer graphene, for which the accelerated tunneling effect deserves a more careful investigation.

  3. Electric Transmission Line Siting Compact

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.Program - LibbyofThisStatement Tuesday,DepartmentTheandElectric Transmission

  4. A Comprehensive Approach for Computation and Implementation of Efficient Electricity Transmission Network Charges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prez-Arriaga, Ignacio J.

    This paper presents a comprehensive design of electricity transmission charges that are meant to recover regulated network costs. In addition, these charges must be able to meet a set of inter-related objectives. Most ...

  5. History of wireless power transmission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, W.C. [Microwave Power Transmission Systems, Weston, MA (United States)] [Microwave Power Transmission Systems, Weston, MA (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The history of wireless power transmission at microwave frequencies is reviewed with emphasis upon the time period starting with the post World War II efforts to use the new microwave technology developed during the war. A nationally televised demonstration of a microwave powered helicopter at the Spencer Laboratory of the Raytheon Co., in 1964 was the result of these early efforts and broadly introduced the concept of wireless power transmission to scientific and engineering communities and to the public. Subsequent development efforts centered on improving the efficiency of the interconversion of d.c. and microwave power at the ends of the system to reach a demonstrated overall d.c. to d.c. system efficiency of 54% in 1974. The response to the requirements of applications such as the Solar Power Satellite and high altitude microwave powered aircraft have changed the direction of technology development and greatly expanded the technology base. Recent and current efforts are centered on examining the use of higher frequencies than the baseline 2.45 GHz, and in reducing the system costs at 2.45 GHz. 26 refs., 14 figs.

  6. Wind Integration, Transmission, and Resource Assessment andCharacteri...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Integration, Transmission, and Resource Assessment and Characterization Projects Wind Integration, Transmission, and Resource Assessment and Characterization Projects From 2006 to...

  7. Superconducting transmission line particle detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gray, K.E.

    1988-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A microvertex particle detector for use in a high energy physic collider including a plurality of parallel superconducting thin film strips separated from a superconducting ground plane by an insulating layer to form a plurality of superconducting waveguides. The microvertex particle detector indicates passage of a charged subatomic particle by measuring a voltage pulse measured across a superconducting waveguide caused by the transition of the superconducting thin film strip from a superconducting to a non- superconducting state in response to the passage of a charged particle. A plurality of superconducting thin film strips in two orthogonal planes plus the slow electromagnetic wave propagating in a superconducting transmission line are used to resolve N/sup 2/ ambiguity of charged particle events. 6 figs.

  8. Superconducting transmission line particle detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gray, Kenneth E. (Naperville, IL)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A microvertex particle detector for use in a high energy physic collider including a plurality of parallel superconducting thin film strips separated from a superconducting ground plane by an insulating layer to form a plurality of superconducting waveguides. The microvertex particle detector indicates passage of a charged subatomic particle by measuring a voltage pulse measured across a superconducting waveguide caused by the transition of the superconducting thin film strip from a superconducting to a non-superconducting state in response to the passage of a charged particle. A plurality of superconducting thin film strips in two orthogonal planes plus the slow electromagnetic wave propogating in a superconducting transmission line are used to resolve N.sup.2 ambiguity of charged particle events.

  9. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Fall Term Spring Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Kelvin H.

    CHEMICAL ENGINEERING CURRICULUM FALL 2010 Fall Term Spring Term EGGG 101 Introduction to Chemical Engineering 3 MATH 242 Analytic Geometry & Calculus B 4 MATH 243 Analytic Geometry & Calculus C 4 Critical Reading and Writing 3 Breadth Requirement Elective 1 3 15 17 CHEG 231 Chemical Engineering

  10. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING Fall Term Spring Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Kelvin H.

    CHEG 332 Chemical Engineering Kinetics 3 CHEG 342 Heat and Mass Transfer 3 CHEG 341 Fluid Mechanics 3CHEMICAL ENGINEERING CURRICULUM Fall Term Spring Term EGGG 101 Introduction to Engineering (FYE) 2 CHEG 112 Introduction to Chemical Engineering 3 CHEM 111 General Chemistry 3 CHEM 112 General Chemistry

  11. Transmission Reassignment Reporting Requirement - April 2, 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CommitteesTeams Customer Training Interconnection Notices Rates Standards of Conduct Tariff TF Web Based Training Transmission Reassignment Reporting Requirement This notice...

  12. Transmission and Generation Investment in Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grimm Veronika

    2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 4, 2015 ... The model incorporates investment decisions of the transmission operator and private firms in expectation of an energy-only market and...

  13. 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Oklahoma...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    - Oklahoma City Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Oklahoma City Workshop On June 18, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Oklahoma City,...

  14. Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Siting Act (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Act establishes a centralized and coordinated permitting process for the location of natural gas transmission pipeline corridors and the construction and maintenance of natural gas...

  15. Final Report Navajo Transmission Project (NTP)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bennie Hoisington; Steven Begay

    2006-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The Din Power Authority is developing the Navajo Transmission Project (NTP) to relieve the constraints on the transmission of electricity west of the Four Corners area and to improve the operation flexibility and reliability of the extra-high-voltage transmission system in the region. The NTP creates the wholesale transmission capacity for more economical power transfers, sales, and purchases in the region. It will facilitate the development of Navajo energy resources, improve economic conditions on the Navajo Nation as well as allow DPA to participate in the western electrical utility industry.

  16. Transmission Expansion Planning Using an AC Model ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Periodicals

    2013-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Western Interconnection under contract DOE-FOA0000068. ... problem to determine locations for placing new transmission ... KNITRO and BONMIN are de

  17. 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study: Preliminary...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Meyer Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability U.S. Department of Energy 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Preliminary Findings Stakeholder...

  18. Energy Department, Arizona Utilities Announce Transmission Infrastruct...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    project that will serve the state's growing electrical energy needs, attract renewable energy development to the area, and strengthen the transmission system in the Southwestern...

  19. Exploring the Business Link Opportunity: Transmission & Clean...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Jennifer Weddle, Greenberg Traurig LLP Rapid Response Team for Transmission: Laura Smith Morton, DOE Energy Storage: Michael Stosser, Day Pitney LLP Centennial West Clean...

  20. Transmission Line Security Monitor: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Svoboda

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Power Transmission Line Security Monitor System Operational Test is a project funded by the Technical Support Working Group (TSWG). TSWG operates under the Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office that functions under the Department of Defense. The Transmission Line Security Monitor System is based on technology developed by Idaho National Laboratory. The technology provides a means for real-time monitoring of physical threats and/or damage to electrical transmission line towers and conductors as well as providing operational parameters to transmission line operators to optimize transmission line operation. The end use is for monitoring long stretches of transmission lines that deliver electrical power from remote generating stations to cities and industry. These transmission lines are generally located in remote transmission line corridors where security infrastructure may not exist. Security and operational sensors in the sensor platform on the conductors take power from the transmission line and relay security and operational information to operations personnel hundreds of miles away without relying on existing infrastructure. Initiated on May 25, 2007, this project resulted in pre-production units tested in realistic operational environments during 2010. A technology licensee, Lindsey Manufacturing of Azusa California, is assisting in design, testing, and ultimately production. The platform was originally designed for a security monitoring mission, but it has been enhanced to include important operational features desired by electrical utilities.

  1. Flexible Transmission in the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hedman, Kory Walter

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New England Outlook: Smart Grid is About Consumers, Apr. [Transmission in the Smart Grid By Kory Walter Hedman ATransmission in the Smart Grid by Kory Walter Hedman Doctor

  2. Detonator comprising a nonlinear transmission line

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Elizondo-Decanini, Juan M

    2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Detonators are described herein. In a general embodiment, the detonator includes a nonlinear transmission line that has a variable capacitance. Capacitance of the nonlinear transmission line is a function of voltage on the nonlinear transmission line. The nonlinear transmission line receives a voltage pulse from a voltage source and compresses the voltage pulse to generate a trigger signal. Compressing the voltage pulse includes increasing amplitude of the voltage pulse and decreasing length of the voltage pulse in time. An igniter receives the trigger signal and detonates an explosive responsive to receipt of the trigger signal.

  3. TransWest Express Transmission Project

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the Anschutz Corporation. The Project consists of an overhead transmission line extending approximately 725 miles from south-central Wyoming crossing Colorado and...

  4. Abstract--Electric energy transmission is essential for the operation of competitive energy markets. Transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    1 Abstract-- Electric energy transmission is essential for the operation of competitive energy markets. Transmission expansion planning has been defined as a complex combinatorial optimization problem. The model proposed generates expansion plans under the Pareto optimality approach. It shows acceptable

  5. A CRITICAL REVIEW OF WIND TRANSMISSION COST ESTIMATES FROM MAJOR TRANSMISSION PLANNING EFFORTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew; Wiser, Ryan; Porter, Kevin

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Report.pdf Midwest ISO (MISO). 2003. Midwest TransmissionConference September 2007 MISO. 2007. Midwest Transmission2006 SDG&E Midwest ISO (MISO) ISO/RTO February 2007 MISO '06

  6. Capricious Cables: Understanding the Key Concepts in Transmission Expansion Planning and Its Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donohoo, P.; Milligan, M.

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The extra-high-voltage transmission network is the bulk transport network of the electric power system. To understand how the future power system may react to planning decisions today, wide-area transmission models are increasingly used to aid decision makers and stakeholders. The goal of this work is to illuminate these models for a broader audience that may include policy makers or relative newcomers to the field of transmission planning. This paper explains the basic transmission expansion planning model formulation. It highlights six of the major simplifications made in transmission expansion planning models and the resulting need to contextualize model results using knowledge from other models and knowledge not captured in the modeling process.

  7. The Cost of Transmission for Wind Energy: A Review of Transmission Planning Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2006. Transmission and Wind Energy: Capturing the Prevailingand Renewable Energy (Wind & Hydropower Technologiesand Renewable Energy Wind & Hydropower Technologies Program

  8. The Cost of Transmission for Wind Energy: A Review of Transmission Planning Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interconnectivity.degree of network interconnectivity; and the level of studyof Transmission Network Interconnectivity A number of the

  9. The Cost of Transmission for Wind Energy: A Review of Transmission Planning Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL/CP-500-35969. Global WindPower Conference. Chicago,Transmission Projects. Windpower 2007 Conference. Los

  10. Campus Planning Committee 2014-2015 Position Name Membership Terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Kuehne Ex Officio, term n/a Vice President External Relations (or designate) Carmen Charette Ex Officio

  11. Supplemental analysis of accident sequences and source terms for waste treatment and storage operations and related facilities for the US Department of Energy waste management programmatic environmental impact statement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Folga, S.; Mueller, C.; Nabelssi, B.; Kohout, E.; Mishima, J.

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents supplemental information for the document Analysis of Accident Sequences and Source Terms at Waste Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facilities for Waste Generated by US Department of Energy Waste Management Operations. Additional technical support information is supplied concerning treatment of transuranic waste by incineration and considering the Alternative Organic Treatment option for low-level mixed waste. The latest respirable airborne release fraction values published by the US Department of Energy for use in accident analysis have been used and are included as Appendix D, where respirable airborne release fraction is defined as the fraction of material exposed to accident stresses that could become airborne as a result of the accident. A set of dominant waste treatment processes and accident scenarios was selected for a screening-process analysis. A subset of results (release source terms) from this analysis is presented.

  12. Renewable Energy Transmission Initiative Phase 1A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renewable Energy Transmission Initiative Phase 1A DRAFT REPORT MARCH 2008 RETI-1000-2008-001-D #12;RETI Stakeholder Steering Committee Renewable Energy Transmission Initiative Phase 1A DRAFT REPORT B are registered trademarks of Black & Veatch Holding Company #12;RETI Stakeholder Steering Committee Renewable

  13. TRANSMISSION CONTROL PROTOCOL DARPA INTERNET PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    RFC: 793 TRANSMISSION CONTROL PROTOCOL DARPA INTERNET PROGRAM PROTOCOL SPECIFICATION September 1981 Admiralty Way Marina del Rey, California 90291 #12;#12;September 1981 Transmission Control Protocol TABLE ........................................... 12 2.9 Precedence and Security ...................................... 13 2.10 Robustness Principle

  14. Executive Forum on Solutions to Transmission Investment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . California ISO CenterPoint Energy Duke Energy Entergy EPRI Exelon FirstEnergy GE Energy Institut de recherche Transmission Co. MidAmerican Energy Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) National Grid USA National Rural Electric Coop. Assn. New York ISO New York Power Authority Pacific Gas and Electric PJM

  15. Electric Transmission Line Flashover Prediction System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Center since 1996 PSERC #12;Power Systems Engineering Research Center Electric Transmission LineElectric Transmission Line Flashover Prediction System Ph.D. Thesis and Final Project Report Power@asu.edu Power Systems Engineering Research Center This is a project report from the Power Systems Engineering

  16. Complementary Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. F. Gonzalez-Diaz

    1994-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Special theory of relativity has been formulated in a vacuum momentum-energy representation which is equivalent to Einstein special relativity and predicts just the same results as it. Although in this sense such a formulation would be at least classically useless, its consistent extension to noninertial frames produces a momentum-energy metric which behaves as a new dynamical quantity that is here interpreted in terms of a cosmological field. This new field would be complementary to gravity in that its strength varies inversely to as that of gravity does. Using a strong-field approximation, we suggest that the existence of this cosmological field would induce a shift of luminous energy which could justify the existence of all the assumed invisible matter in the universe, so as the high luminousities found in active galactic nuclei and quasars.

  17. Hydromechanical transmission with compound planetary assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Orshansky, Jr., deceased, Elias (late of San Francisco, CA); Weseloh, William E. (San Diego, CA)

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A power transmission having three distinct ranges: (1) hydrostatic, (2) simple power-split hydromechanical, and (3) compound power-split hydromechanical. A single compound planetary assembly has two sun gears, two ring gears, and a single carrier with two sets of elongated planet gears. The two sun gears may be identical in size, and the two ring gears may be identical in size. A speed-varying module in driving relationship to the first sun gear is clutchable, in turn, to (1) the input shaft and (2) the second sun gear. The speed-varying means may comprise a pair of hydraulic units hydraulically interconnected so that one serves as a pump while the other serves as a motor and vice versa, one of the units having a variable stroke and being the one clutchable to either the input shaft or to the second sun gear. The other unit, which may have a fixed stroke, is connected in driving relation to the first sun gear. A brake grounds the carrier in the first range and in reverse and causes drive to be delivered to the output shaft through the first ring gear in a hydrostatic mode, the first ring gear being rigidly connected to the output shaft. The input shaft is also clutchable to the second ring gear of the compound planetary assembly.

  18. Transmission electron microscopy investigation of acicular ferrite precipitation in {gamma}'-Fe{sub 4}N nitride

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xiong, X.C., E-mail: xiaochuan.xiong@sjtu.edu.cn [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Materials Laser Processing and Modification, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Institut Jean Lamour, UMR 7198 CNRS, Nancy-Universite, UPV-Metz, Ecole des Mines de Nancy, Parc de Saurupt CS 14234, F-54042 Nancy Cedex (France); Redjaimia, A. [Institut Jean Lamour, UMR 7198 CNRS, Nancy-Universite, UPV-Metz, Ecole des Mines de Nancy, Parc de Saurupt CS 14234, F-54042 Nancy Cedex (France); Goune, M. [Institut Jean Lamour, UMR 7198 CNRS, Nancy-Universite, UPV-Metz, Ecole des Mines de Nancy, Parc de Saurupt CS 14234, F-54042 Nancy Cedex (France); ArcelorMittal SA, Voie Romaine, BP 30320, F-57283 Maizieres-les-Metz (France)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Acicular-shaped crystals precipitate from {gamma}'-Fe{sub 4}N nitride in an iron-nitrogen alloy and were identified by electron microdiffraction as {alpha}-ferrite. Acicular ferrite develops both the Nishiyama-Wassermann and the Kurdjumov-Sachs orientation relationships with {gamma}'-Fe{sub 4}N nitride. These orientation relationships were discussed in terms of the symmetry theory. The driving force for acicular ferrite formation was related to the increasing nitrogen content of {gamma}'-Fe{sub 4}N, in equilibrium with {alpha}-ferrite, with decreasing temperature. The passage from lamellar to acicular structure in Fe-N system was proposed. - Research Highlights: {yields} Acicular crystals precipitate from pearlitic{gamma}'-Fe{sub 4}N nitride in an iron-nitrogen alloy and were identified by electron microdiffraction as acicular ferrite. {yields} The crystal structure, orientation relationships with the matrix and morphologies of acicular ferrite, were studied by transmission electron microscopy. {yields} The driving force for the formation of acicular ferrite is related to the temperature dependence of nitrogen content of {gamma}'-Fe{sub 4}N, in equilibrium with ferrite. {yields} The passage from the pearlitic structure to the acicular structure in the present iron-nitrogen alloy was proposed.

  19. Phase Stable RF-over-fiber Transmission using Heterodyne Interferometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilcox, R.; Byrd, J. M.; Doolittle, L.; Huang, G.; Staples, J. W.

    2010-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    New scientific applications require phase-stabilized RF distribution to multiple remote locations. These include phased-array radio telescopes and short pulse free electron lasers. RF modulated onto a CW optical carrier and transmitted via fiber is capable of low noise, but commercially available systems aren't long term stable enough for these applications. Typical requirements are for less than 50fs long term temporal stability between receivers, which is 0.05 degrees at 3GHz. Good results have been demonstrated for RF distribution schemes based on transmission of short pulses, but these require specialized free-space optics and high stability mechanical infrastructure. We report a method which uses only standard telecom optical and RF components, and achieves less than 20fs RMS error over 300m of standard single-mode fiber. We demonstrate stable transmission of 3GHz over 300m of fiber with less than 0.017 degree (17fs) RMS phase error. An interferometer measures optical phase delay, providing information to a feed-forward correction of RF phase.

  20. Transmission infrared spectra (225 lm) of carbonaceous chondrites (CI, CM, CVCK, CR, C2 ungrouped): Mineralogy, water, and asteroidal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montes-Hernandez, German

    Transmission infrared spectra (2­25 lm) of carbonaceous chondrites (CI, CM, CV­CK, CR, C2 ungrouped t In this work, infrared transmission spectra (2­25 lm range, 5000­400 cm?1 ) of 40 carbonaceous chon- drites. The variability in the silicate features is correlated with the intensity of an ­OH related absorption at 3-lm

  1. Concurrent Wind Cooling in Power Transmission Lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jake P Gentle

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Idaho National Laboratory and the Idaho Power Company, with collaboration from Idaho State University, have been working on a project to monitor wind and other environmental data parameters along certain electrical transmission corridors. The combination of both real-time historical weather and environmental data is being used to model, validate, and recommend possibilities for dynamic operations of the transmission lines for power and energy carrying capacity. The planned results can also be used to influence decisions about proposed design criteria for or upgrades to certain sections of the transmission lines.

  2. Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Systems Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen Strategic Initiatives, and Infrastructure Technologies Program #12;Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 2 Copyright: Design & Operation development) #12;Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 3 Copyright: Future H2 Infrastructure Wind Powered

  3. Spatially and polarization resolved plasmon mediated transmission through continuous metal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Spatially and polarization resolved plasmon mediated transmission through continuous metal films Y transmission through an embedded undulated continuous thin metal film under normal incidence. 1D undulations resolved, polarization independent transmission. Whereas the needed submicron microstructure lends itself

  4. MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS OF CONDUCTING AND SUPERCONDUCTING TRANSMISSION LINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramdani, Karim - Institut de Mathématiques ?lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

    MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS OF CONDUCTING AND SUPERCONDUCTING TRANSMISSION LINES ANNE-SOPHIE BONNET propagation in the microstrip transmission lines used in microelectronics. In the first part, the case of the perfectly conducting strip. Key words. superconducting transmission lines, waveguides, spectral analysis

  5. Waveform Relaxation Technique for Longitudinal Partitioning of Transmission Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gander, Martin J.

    Waveform Relaxation Technique for Longitudinal Partitioning of Transmission Lines Martin Gander problem for multiple coupled transmission lines by a so-called transverse partitioning technique. The WR mode transmission line problems. Previous longitudinal partitioning work using the classical WR

  6. CHARACTERIZING LOSSES IN MICROSTRIP TRANSMISSION LINES Rashmi Pathak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timbie, Peter

    CHARACTERIZING LOSSES IN MICROSTRIP TRANSMISSION LINES by Rashmi Pathak A dissertation submitted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.1 Transmission Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2 Engineering) at the UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN­MADISON Summer 2005 #12;i Characterizing Losses in Transmission

  7. Investigation of Multi-Frequency Power Transmission and System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barazarte Conte, Ronald

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    BACKGROUND .................................................................................. 6 A. High Voltage Direct Current Transmission (HVDC) ................ 6 B. Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) ............................ 12... ......................................................................................................................... 80 viii LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1 Schematic of a HVDC Transmission Line...

  8. Transmission Policy in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul

    2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Market Design (SMD) proposal. PJMs market rules and transmission pricing, planning and investment policies are reviewed as an articulation of FERCs RTO and SMD visions....

  9. Electrical Transmission Line Diametrical Retention Mechanism

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Hall, Jr., H. Tracy (Provo, UT); Pixton, David (Lehi, UT); Dahlgren, Scott (Provo, UT); Sneddon, Cameron (Provo, UT); Briscoe, Michael (Lehi, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT)

    2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention is a mechanism for retaining an electrical transmission line. In one embodiment of the invention it is a system for retaining an electrical transmission line within downhole components. The invention allows a transmission line to be attached to the internal diameter of drilling components that have a substantially uniform drilling diameter. In accordance with one aspect of the invention, the system includes a plurality of downhole components, such as sections of pipe in a drill string, drill collars, heavy weight drill pipe, and jars. The system also includes a coaxial cable running between the first and second end of a drill pipe, the coaxial cable having a conductive tube and a conductive core within it. The invention allows the electrical transmission line to withstand the tension and compression of drill pipe during routine drilling cycles.

  10. Load-resistant coaxial transmission line

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hall, David R.; Fox, Joe

    2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A transmission line for downhole tools that make up all or part of a tool string for drilling and production of oil, gas, and geothermal wells that can withstand the dynamic gravitational forces and other accelerations associated with downhole excavations. The transmission line has a metal tube, or outer conductor, that houses a coaxial wire inner conductor. A non-metallic dielectric material is interposed between the inner and outer conductors. The outer and inner conductors and the dielectric are sufficiently compressed together so that independent motion between them is abated. Compression of the components of the transmission line may be achieved by drawing the transmission through one or more dies in order to draw down the outer conductor onto the dielectric, or by expanding the inner conductor against the dielectric using a mandrel or hydraulic pressure. Non-metallic bead segments may be used in aid of the compression necessary to resist the dynamic forces and accelerations of drilling.

  11. Transmission policy in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides an overview of the development of electric power transmission access, pricing and investment policies in the U.S. over the last 15 years and evaluates the current state of those policies. Pre-liberalization ...

  12. Data transmission element for downhole drilling components

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Hall, Jr., H. Tracy (Provo, UT); Pixton, David S. (Lehi, UT); Dahlgren, Scott (Provo, UT); Fox, Joe (Spanish Fork, UT); Sneddon, Cameron (Provo, UT); Briscoe, Michael (Lehi, UT)

    2006-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A robust data transmission element for transmitting information between downhole components, such as sections of drill pipe, in the presence of hostile environmental conditions, such as heat, dirt, rocks, mud, fluids, lubricants, and the like. The data transmission element components include a generally U-shaped annular housing, a generally U-shaped magnetically conductive, electrically insulating element such as ferrite, and an insulated conductor. Features on the magnetically conducting, electrically insulating element and the annular housing create a pocket when assembled. The data transmission element is filled with a polymer to retain the components within the annular housing by filling the pocket with the polymer. The polymer can bond with the annular housing and the insulated conductor but preferably not the magnetically conductive, electrically insulating element. A data transmission element is mounted within a recess proximate a mating surface of a downhole drilling component, such as a section of drill pipe.

  13. Transmission Issues and Power Exchanges in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, H. L.

    to build. This paper presents a historical background on the development of the transmission system and describes the problems of assessing the impact and properly pricing certain bulk power transactions. In addition, it briefly describes the Electro...

  14. Electric Power Generation and Transmission (Iowa)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Electric power generating facilities with a combined capacity greater than 25 MW, as well as associated transmission lines, may not be constructed or begin operation prior to the issuance of a...

  15. EIS-0447: Champlain Hudson Power Express Transmission Line Project...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    7: Champlain Hudson Power Express Transmission Line Project, New York EIS-0447: Champlain Hudson Power Express Transmission Line Project, New York Summary This EIS evaluates the...

  16. Transmission Reliability "Load as a Resource" Peer Review Materials...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Transmission Reliability "Load as a Resource" Peer Review Materials Now Available Transmission Reliability "Load as a Resource" Peer Review Materials Now Available September 25,...

  17. EA-1880: Big Bend to Witten Transmission Line Project, South...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    880: Big Bend to Witten Transmission Line Project, South Dakota EA-1880: Big Bend to Witten Transmission Line Project, South Dakota Summary The USDA Rural Utilities Service, with...

  18. OAHU Wind Integration And Transmission Study: Summary Report...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    OAHU Wind Integration And Transmission Study: Summary Report, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) OAHU Wind Integration And Transmission Study: Summary Report, NREL...

  19. Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study: Executive Summary...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study: Executive Summary and Project Overview Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study: Executive Summary and Project Overview This...

  20. Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS) Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project Dennis Woodford Electranix Corporation Winnipeg, Manitoba...

  1. Draft National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Now Available...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Draft National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Now Available for Public Comment Draft National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Now Available for Public Comment August...

  2. Plan to Conduct Electric Transmission Congestion Study: Federal...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Plan to Conduct Electric Transmission Congestion Study: Federal Register Volume 76, No. 218 - Nov. 10, 2011 Plan to Conduct Electric Transmission Congestion Study: Federal Register...

  3. In-situ Transmission Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy Studies...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Transmission Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy Studies of Interfaces in Li-ion Batteries: Challenges and In-situ Transmission Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy Studies of...

  4. Factsheet: An Initiative to Help Modernize Natural Gas Transmission...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Factsheet: An Initiative to Help Modernize Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Infrastructure Factsheet: An Initiative to Help Modernize Natural Gas Transmission and...

  5. QER Public Meeting in Pittsburgh, PA: Natural Gas: Transmission...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Pittsburgh, PA: Natural Gas: Transmission, Storage and Distribution QER Public Meeting in Pittsburgh, PA: Natural Gas: Transmission, Storage and Distribution Meeting Date and...

  6. QER Public Meeting in Portland, OR: Electricity Transmission...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Portland, OR: Electricity Transmission, Storage and Distribution - West QER Public Meeting in Portland, OR: Electricity Transmission, Storage and Distribution - West Meeting Date...

  7. QER Public Meeting in Newark, NJ: Electricity Transmission and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Newark, NJ: Electricity Transmission and Distribution - East QER Public Meeting in Newark, NJ: Electricity Transmission and Distribution - East New Jersey Institute of Technology...

  8. 2012 Transmission and Energy Storage Peer Review Presentations...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Transmission and Energy Storage Peer Review Presentations Available 2012 Transmission and Energy Storage Peer Review Presentations Available December 3, 2012 - 1:26pm Addthis...

  9. Request for Information on Permitting of Transmission Lines:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Request for Information on Permitting of Transmission Lines: Federal Register Notice Volume 77, No. 38 - Feb. 27, 2012 Request for Information on Permitting of Transmission Lines:...

  10. EIS-0325: Schultz-Hanford Area Transmission Line Project, WA

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    BPA proposes to construct a new 500-kilovolt (kV) transmission line in central Washington. This project would increase transmission system capacity north of Hanford.

  11. Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study -- Preliminary Findings: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corbus, D.; Milligan, M.; Ela, E.; Schuerger, M.; Zavadil, B.

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study, the development of wind datasets, the transmission analysis, and the results of wind integration analysis for four scenarios.

  12. QER Public Meeting in New Orleans, LA: Petroleum Product Transmission...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Orleans, LA: Petroleum Product Transmission & Distribution QER Public Meeting in New Orleans, LA: Petroleum Product Transmission & Distribution Meeting Date and Location: May 27,...

  13. Dynamics of soft Nanomaterials captured by transmission electron...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dynamics of soft Nanomaterials captured by transmission electron microscopy in liquid water. Dynamics of soft Nanomaterials captured by transmission electron microscopy in liquid...

  14. DOE EAC Electricity Adequacy Report. Transmission Chapter DRAFT...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EAC Electricity Adequacy Report. Transmission Chapter DRAFT- September 18, 2008 DOE EAC Electricity Adequacy Report. Transmission Chapter DRAFT- September 18, 2008 The purpose of...

  15. An Annotated Bibliography of High-Voltage Direct-Current Transmission and Flexible AC Transmission (FACTS) Devices, 1991-1993.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Litzenberger, Wayne; Lava, Val

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    References are contained for HVDC systems, converter stations and components, overhead transmission lines, cable transmission, system design and operations, simulation of high voltage direct current systems, high-voltage direct current installations, and flexible AC transmission system (FACTS).

  16. Terms and Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Testbed Results Current Testbed Research Proposal Process Terms and Conditions Dark Fiber Testbed Performance (perfSONAR) Software & Tools Development Partnerships...

  17. The Cost of Transmission for Wind Energy: A Review of Transmission Planning Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2006. Transmission and Wind Energy: Capturing the Prevailing40 6.2 20% Wind Energy: Wind Deployment System (and Renewable Energy (Wind & Hydropower Technologies

  18. The Cost of Transmission for Wind Energy: A Review of Transmission Planning Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Planning (Xcel). 2006. Wind Integration Study Report OfTransmission Vision for Wind Integration. White Paper.Charles Smith (Utility Wind Integration Group), Lynn Coles (

  19. Transmission Benefits of Co-Locating Concentrating Solar Power and Wind

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In some areas of the U.S. transmission constraints are a limiting factor in deploying new wind and concentrating solar power (CSP) plants. Texas is an example of one such location, where the best wind and solar resources are in the western part of the state, while major demand centers are in the east. The low capacity factor of wind is a compounding factor, increasing the relative cost of new transmission per unit of energy actually delivered. A possible method of increasing the utilization of new transmission is to co-locate both wind and concentrating solar power with thermal energy storage. In this work we examine the benefits and limits of using the dispatachability of thermal storage to increase the capacity factor of new transmission developed to access high quality solar and wind resources in remote locations.

  20. Hydraulic system for a ratio change transmission

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kalns, Ilmars (Northville, MI)

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed is a drive assembly (10) for an electrically powered vehicle (12). The assembly includes a transaxle (16) having a two-speed transmission (40) and a drive axle differential (46) disposed in a unitary housing assembly (38), an oil-cooled prime mover or electric motor (14) for driving the transmission input shaft (42), an adapter assembly (24) for supporting the prime mover on the transaxle housing assembly, and a hydraulic system (172) providing pressurized oil flow for cooling and lubricating the electric motor and transaxle and for operating a clutch (84) and a brake (86) in the transmission to shift between the two-speed ratios of the transmission. The adapter assembly allows the prime mover to be supported in several positions on the transaxle housing. The brake is spring-applied and locks the transmission in its low-speed ratio should the hydraulic system fail. The hydraulic system pump is driven by an electric motor (212) independent of the prime mover and transaxle.

  1. The inherent inefficiency of simultaneously feasible financial transmission rights auctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    Electricity auction Simultaneous feasibility Transmission pricing Empirical evidence from the New York ISO

  2. Questions and Issues on Hydrogen Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Questions and Issues on Hydrogen Pipelines Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen Doe Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Meeting August 31, 2005 #12;Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 2 Copyright: Air Liquide Transmission of Hydrogen --- 3 Copyright: #12;Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 4 Copyright: 3. Special

  3. Downhole transmission system comprising a coaxial capacitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hall, David R. (Provo, UT); Pixton, David S. (Lehi, UT); Johnson, Monte L. (Orem, UT); Bartholomew, David B. (Springville, UT); Hall, Jr., H. Tracy (Provo, UT); Rawle, Michael (Springville, UT)

    2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A transmission system in a downhole component comprises a plurality of data transmission elements. A coaxial cable having an inner conductor and an outer conductor is disposed within a passage in the downhole component such that at least one capacitor is disposed in the passage and having a first terminal coupled to the inner conductor and a second terminal coupled to the outer conductor. Preferably the transmission element comprises an electrically conducting coil. Preferably, within the passage a connector is adapted to electrically connect the inner conductor of the coaxial cable and the lead wire. The coaxial capacitor may be disposed between and in electrically communication with the connector and the passage. In another embodiment a connector is adapted to electrical connect a first and a second portion of the inner conductor of the coaxial cable and a coaxial capacitor is in electrical communication with the connector and the passage.

  4. Document Type: Subject Terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Major, Arkady

    Title: Authors: Source: Document Type: Subject Terms: Abstract: Full Text Word Count: ISSN at creating team results. In fact, it's priceless. Managers in Western corporations have received a lifetime

  5. EC Transmission Line Risk Identification and Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bigelow, Tim S [ORNL

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this document is to assist in evaluating and planning for the cost, schedule, and technical project risks associated with the delivery and operation of the EC (Electron cyclotron) transmission line system. In general, the major risks that are anticipated to be encountered during the project delivery phase associated with the implementation of the Procurement Arrangement for the EC transmission line system are associated with: (1) Undefined or changing requirements (e.g., functional or regulatory requirements) (2) Underperformance of prototype, first unit, or production components during testing (3) Unavailability of qualified vendors for critical components Technical risks associated with the design and operation of the system are also identified.

  6. Transmission grid access and pricing in Norway, Spain, and California: A comparative study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gronli, Helle; Gomez San Ramon, Tomas; Marnay, Chris

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    incentives given by transmission pricing form the foundationhas focussed on transmission pricing, monopoly regulation,

  7. Radio-Frequency Interference (RFI) From Extra-High-Voltage (EHV) Transmission Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellingson, Steven W.

    -current (HVAC) transmission lines; high-voltage direct-current (HVDC) transmission lines will be addressed

  8. Marketing Plan for Transmission Planning Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tu, Linh

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    well because of its people, business market and industry; it is always a good idea to be on the lookout for new markets and clients in other industries and markets. Transmission planning has always been a steady market for the electrical industry...

  9. A neutron transmission study of environmental Gd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cristiana Oprea; Ioan Alexandru Oprea; Alexandru Mihul

    2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A new method for the determination of environmental Gd by neutron transmission (NT) experiments is proposed. The NT method is based on the measurements of neutron spectra passing through a target. From the attenuation neutron spectra new data as concentration, width, resonance energies and cross section have been obtained.

  10. Transmission line environmental assessment guidance document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, J.; Pentecost, E.; Muzzarelli, J.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1939, U.S. utility companies have been required to obtain a Presidential Permit to construct electric transmission lines that cross a U.S. border and connect with a foreign utility. The purpose of this document is to provide Presidential Permit applicants with two types of guidance: (1) on the type of environmental and project descriptive information needed to assess the potential impacts of the proposed and alternative actions and (2) on compliance with applicable federal and state regulations. The main three chapters present information on the purpose and content of this document (Chapter 1); legislative, regulatory, and consultation requirements for transmission line interconnect projects (Chapter 2); and identification of basic transmission system design parameters and environmental data requirements for analysis of potential impacts of the proposed action (Chapter 3). Chapter 3 also includes information on possible techniques or measures to mitigate impacts. Appendix A presents an overview of NEPA requirements and DOE`s implementing procedures. Appendix B summarizes information on legislation that may be applicable to transmission line projects proposed in Presidential Permit applications.

  11. HVDC transmission: a path to the future?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teichler, Stephen L.; Levitine, Ilia

    2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Direct current transmission has been the poor stepchild of the U.S. electric industry. Although early-generation plants were based on DC technology, it was soon deemed uneconomical to transmit electricity over long distances, but it now appears poised for a change. Both the increasing technical potential and changing economics of HVDC lines promise a growing role in the future. (author)

  12. Policy Issues for Retail Beamed Power Transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    solar electric power using retail delivery of beamed power. Recent advances in power beaming have made to enable widespread adoption of this clean and sustainable contribution to meeting energy needs. It is seen to micro-renewable energy resource exploitation since wired power transmission is only cost effective over

  13. Transmission Rights and Market Power James Bushnell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    wholesale electricity markets, and their associated Independent System Operators (ISOs), now formingPWP-062 Transmission Rights and Market Power James Bushnell April, 1999 This paper is part of the working papers series of the Program on Workable Energy Regulation (POWER). POWER is a program

  14. TRANSMISSION OPEN ACCESS IN CHILE Hugh Rudnick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    increasing attention by power utilities and regulatory state bodies worldwide [1]. Many countries have Policy Group, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Cambridge, Massachusetts, October 27-28th, 1994 and consumers. The system is to be paid by all users (included the user actually owning the transmission network

  15. Methods and systems for micro transmissions

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stalford, Harold L

    2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and systems for micro transmissions for a micro machine may comprise an input shaft assembly coupled to a micro actuator, an output shaft assembly coupled to a micro shaft, and one or more power conversion elements operable to convert a first type of movement from the micro actuator into a second, disparate type of movement for the micro shaft.

  16. Bordereau de transmission accident du travail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pouyanne, Nicolas

    Bordereau de transmission accident du travail Service des pensions et accidents du travail accidents du travail du CNRS Accompagné des pièces requises Nom .................................................... Prénom ........................ Matricule ...... Composition du dossier Observations Déclaration d'accident

  17. Efficient Spectral Methods for Transmission Eigenvalues and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 20, 2014 ... Recently a new method using transmission eigen- values to estimate the index of ..... eigenvalue (D) coincides with the value k1(D,n) obtained from the far field data: AlgorithmN n0 ..... H1 semi-norm by u 2 ? =? 1. ?1 u2 ?dt...

  18. Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS): Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodford, D.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides an independent review included an initial evaluation of the technical configuration and capital costs of establishing an undersea cable system and examining impacts to the existing electric transmission systems as a result of interconnecting the islands.

  19. Regulations for Electric Transmission and Fuel Gas Transmission Lines Ten or More Miles Long (New York)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Any person who wishes to construct an electric or gas transmission line that is more than ten miles long must file documents describing the construction plans and potential land use and...

  20. Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study (OWITS); Hawaiian Islands Transmission Interconnection Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodford, D.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides an independent review including an initial evaluation of the technical configuration and capital costs of establishing an undersea cable system and examining impacts to the existing electric transmission systems as a result of interconnecting the islands

  1. The Cost of Transmission for Wind Energy: A Review of Transmission Planning Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of incremental wind development. At the extreme, still otherextreme assumption, the implied unit cost of transmission for windon wind power in their analysis. On one extreme, a number of

  2. The nature and purpose of relative terms in Plato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncombe, Matthew

    2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    and semantically incomplete expressions have different logical behaviours. Syntactically incomplete expressions can generally be completed only once: Achilles is larger than Hector, than Priam is not a wellformed sentence. Semantically incomplete expressions... may be completable more than once: Hector is a son could become Hector is a son of Priam and then be qualified a second time to Hector is a son of Priam, son of Laomedon. This process of completions can be iterated for semantically incomplete...

  3. Terms, Definitions and Concepts Related to Critical Infrastructures, Chokepoints & Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roe, Emery

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cats cradle of interconnectivity everything is potentiallythe cats cradle of interconnectivity remains, but framed by

  4. Nevada Department of Transportation - Terms and Conditions Relating to

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte3InformationofServicesNeuCo Inc JumpWaterHighway Occupancy

  5. Glossary of Energy-Related Terms | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG | Department of EnergyGeothermal TechnologiesTransformationThe

  6. Long-Term Stewardship Related Information | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |EnergyonSupport0.pdf5 OPAM SEMIANNUAL REPORT TOJaredKansas1Increase Profits |Services »

  7. Comparative Study of Frequency Agile Data Transmission Schemes for Cognitive Radio Transceivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    agile data transmission schemes employed by cognitive radio transceivers for use in dynamic spectrum for this apparent spectrum scarcity. Although, measurement studies have shown that licensed spectrum is relatively- This work was supported by NSF grants ANI-0230786 and ANI- 0335272. licensed users "borrowing" spectrum from

  8. Exploration of Resource and Transmission Expansion Decisions in the Western Renewable Energy Zone Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, Andrew; Phadke, Amol; Wiser, Ryan

    2010-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Building transmission to reach renewable energy (RE) goals requires coordination among renewable developers, utilities and transmission owners, resource and transmission planners, state and federal regulators, and environmental organizations. The Western Renewable Energy Zone (WREZ) initiative brings together a diverse set of voices to develop data, tools, and a unique forum for coordinating transmission expansion in the Western Interconnection. In this report we use a new tool developed in the WREZ initiative to evaluate possible renewable resource selection and transmission expansion decisions. We evaluate these decisions under a number of alternative future scenarios centered on meeting 33% of the annual load in the Western Interconnection with new renewable resources located within WREZ-identified resource hubs. Of the renewable resources in WREZ resource hubs, and under the assumptions described in this report, our analysis finds that wind energy is the largest source of renewable energy procured to meet the 33% RE target across nearly all scenarios analyzed (38-65%). Solar energy is almost always the second largest source (14-41%). Solar exceeds wind by a small margin only when solar thermal energy is assumed to experience cost reductions relative to all other technologies. Biomass, geothermal, and hydropower are found to represent a smaller portion of the selected resources, largely due to the limited resource quantity of these resources identified within the WREZ-identified hubs (16-23% combined). We find several load zones where wind energy is the least cost resource under a wide range of sensitivity scenarios. Load zones in the Southwest, on the other hand, are found to switch between wind and solar, and therefore to vary transmission expansion decisions, depending on uncertainties and policies that affect the relative economics of each renewable option. Uncertainties and policies that impact bus-bar costs are the most important to evaluate carefully, but factors that impact transmission costs and the relative market value of each renewable option can also be important. Under scenarios in which each load zone must meet 33% of its load with delivered renewable energy from the WREZ-identified resource hubs, the total transmission investment required to meet the 33% west-wide RE target is estimated at between $22 billion and $34 billion. Although a few of the new transmission lines are very long - over 800 miles - most are relatively short, with average transmission distances ranging from 230-315 miles, depending on the scenario. Needed transmission expenditure are found to decline to $17 billion if wide use of renewable energy credits is allowed; consideration of renewable resources outside of WREZ-identified hubs would further reduce this transmission cost estimate. Even with total transmission expenditures of $17-34 billion, however, these costs still represent just 10-19% of the total delivered cost of renewable energy.

  9. Acoustic data transmission through a drillstring

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for acoustically transmitting data along a drillstring is presented. In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, acoustic data signals are conditioned to counteract distortions caused by the drillstring. Preferably, this conditioning step comprises multiplying each frequency component of the data signal by exp (-ikL) where L is the transmission length of the drillstring, k is the wave number in the drillstring at the frequency of each component and i is (-1).sup.1/2. In another embodiment of this invention, data signals having a frequency content in at least one passband of the drillstring are generated preferably traveling in only one direction (e.g., up the drillstring) while echoes in the drillstring resulting from the data transmission are suppressed.

  10. Acoustic data transmission through a drillstring

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Drumheller, D.S.

    1992-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus for acoustically transmitting data along a drillstring are presented. In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, acoustic data signals are conditioned to counteract distortions caused by the drillstring. Preferably, this conditioning step comprises multiplying each frequency component of the data signal by exp ([minus]ikL) where L is the transmission length of the drillstring, k is the wave number in the drillstring at the frequency of each component and i is ([minus]1)[sup 1/2]. In another embodiment of this invention, data signals having a frequency content in at least one passband of the drillstring are generated preferably traveling in only one direction (e.g., up the drillstring) while echoes in the drillstring resulting from the data transmission are suppressed. 20 figs.

  11. Short-term energy outlook quarterly projections. First quarter 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short- term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets.

  12. Oregon/Transmission | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoading map...(UtilityCounty, Michigan:OregonTransmissionHeader.png Roadmap Agency Links Local

  13. Idaho/Transmission/Roadmap | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:GreerHiCalifornia:ISI Solar JumpObtainTransmission/Agency

  14. Idaho/Transmission/Summary | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:GreerHiCalifornia:ISI Solar JumpObtainTransmission/AgencyState'sIdaho,

  15. Forced cooling of underground electric power transmission lines : design manual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Jay A.

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The methodology utilized for the design of a forced-cooled pipe-type underground transmission system is presented. The material is divided into three major parts: (1) The Forced-cooled Pipe-Type Underground Transmission ...

  16. Transmission System Performance Analysis for High-Penetration Photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Achilles, S.; Schramm, S.; Bebic, J.

    2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study is an assessment of the potential impact of high levels of penetration of photovoltaic (PV) generation on transmission systems. The effort used stability simulations of a transmission system with different levels of PV generation and load.

  17. An improved speech transmission index for intelligibility prediction Belinda Schwerin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    transmission index; Modulation transfer function; Speech enhancement; Objective evaluation; Speech intelligibility; Short-time modulation spectrum 1. Introduction The enhancement of speech corrupted by noise hasAn improved speech transmission index for intelligibility prediction Belinda Schwerin , Kuldip

  18. 20% Wind Energy by 2030 - Chapter 4: Transmission and Integration...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    4: Transmission and Integration into the U.S. Electric System Summary Slides 20% Wind Energy by 2030 - Chapter 4: Transmission and Integration into the U.S. Electric System Summary...

  19. Mode conversation losses in overmolded millimeter wave transmission lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tax, David S. (David Samuel)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Millimeter wave transmission lines are integral components for many important applications like nuclear fusion and NMR spectroscopy. In low loss corrugated transmission lines propagating the HE,1 mode with a high waveguide ...

  20. EIS-0421: Big Eddy-Knight Transmission Line

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    BPA is proposing to build a new 500 kilovolt (kV) transmission line in Wasco County, Oregon and Klickitat County, Washington and a new substation in Klickitat County. The new BPA transmission line...

  1. Biennial Assessment of the Fifth Power Plan Transmission Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unscheduled electricity flows over transmission lines leading to increased risks to electric system by the partners in the Colstrip 500 kV transmission lines (Northwestern Energy, Puget Sound Energy, Portland

  2. Statistical Image Reconstruction Algorithms Using Paraboloidal Surrogates for PET Transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fessler, Jeffrey A.

    Statistical Image Reconstruction Algorithms Using Paraboloidal Surrogates for PET Transmission Reconstruction Algorithms Using Paraboloidal Surrogates for PET Transmission Scans by Hakan Erdogan Chair: Jeffrey A. Fessler Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is a diagnostic imaging tool that provides images

  3. Wind Integration, Transmission, and Resource Assessment andCharacteri...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    & Publications Wind Integration, Transmission, and Resource Assessment and Characterization Projects Offshore Wind Projects Testing, Manufacturing, and Component Development...

  4. Transmission Project Reporting FPA 216h | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Disturbance Events Incident Reporting Emergency Situation Reports Energy Assurance Daily Transmission Project Reporting Library New Reports & Other Materials Meetings & Events...

  5. Structural Optimization of High Voltage Transmission Line Towers considering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colominas, Ignasi

    Structural Optimization of High Voltage Transmission Line Towers considering Continuum and Discrete/or to common designs largely repeated (e.g. automotive compo- nents), and high voltage transmission towers can than conventional designs of high voltage transmission line towers. The optimization model proposed

  6. Free Vibrations of Coupled Spans of Overhead Transmission Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    damage to the cables. Figure 1: Overhead transmission lines. Spans are suspended between towers fromFree Vibrations of Coupled Spans of Overhead Transmission Lines Sjoerd W. Rienstra Department transmission lines is studied. It is shown that the natural vibration is the gravity mode, which is free from

  7. Classification of the Visual Landscape for Transmission Planning1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    . The third concept is that the specific design of transmission towers can result in a negative re- sponseClassification of the Visual Landscape for Transmission Planning1 Curtis Miller2/ , Nargis Jetha3 can be made of the visual change to the landscape due to the introduction of transmission facilities

  8. Transmission Pricing and Congestion Management: Efficiency, Simplicity and Open Access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    Transmission Pricing and Congestion Management: Efficiency, Simplicity and Open Access Shmuel S-1403 Email OREN@IEOR.Berkeley.edu Abstract Transmission pricing and congestion management are the key the objectives of a transmission pricing and congestion management scheme. I contrast two extreme approaches

  9. Application of High-Angle Annular Dark Field Scanning Transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utsunomiya, Satoshi

    Transmission Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry, and Energy-Filtered Transmission field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM), STEM-energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry). Techniquesthatareusefulinanalyzingultrafineatmospheric particles, such as STEM, EELS (electron energy loss spec- trometry), AFM, and mass spectrometry

  10. Electricity generation with looped transmission networks: Bidding to an ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferris, Michael C.

    on a transmission network from net generation nodes to net consumption nodes is governed by the Kirchoff Laws [45Electricity generation with looped transmission networks: Bidding to an ISO Xinmin Hu Daniel Ralph to model markets for delivery of electrical power on looped transmission networks. It analyzes

  11. EIS-0390: Eastern Plains Transmission Project, Colorado and Kansas.

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS is for Western Area Power Administration's proposal to participate with Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association, Inc. (Tri-State), to construct the proposed Eastern Plains Transmission Project (Project). Westerns participation with Tri-State would be in exchange for capacity rights on the transmission lines.

  12. TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY OF WEAKLY DEFORMED ALKALI HALIDE CRYSTALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    377 TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY OF WEAKLY DEFORMED ALKALI HALIDE CRYSTALS H. STRUNK Max'importance croissante du durcissement de la solution solide. Abstract. 2014 Transmission electron microscopy (TEM Abstracts 7j66 - 7 I' 1. Introduction. - It is only some years ago that transmission electron microscopy

  13. Queue Prediction: an efficient scheduler for fast ATM cell transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fenwick, Peter

    Queue Prediction: an efficient scheduler for fast ATM cell transmission Peter Fenwick Department, if not impossible within the time constraints of fast ATM transmission (622 Mbps or higher). This paper presents a solution to this problem. By scheduling in advance the transmissions from queues it allows all output

  14. Reference: RGL 83-09 Subject: POWER TRANSMISSION LINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Reference: RGL 83-09 Subject: POWER TRANSMISSION LINES Title: MARKING OF AERIAL POWER TRANSMISSION. 1. The marking of aerial power transmission lines, cables, and structures over the navigable waters LINES, CABLES, & STRUCTURES Issued: 07/13/83 Expires: 12/31/85 Originator: DAEN-CWO-N Description: ARMY

  15. Using Transmission Lines for Global On-Chip Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Michael C.

    1 Using Transmission Lines for Global On-Chip Communication Aaron Carpenter, Jianyun Hu, Jie Xu-switched network-on-chip a less attractive option. An alternative solution uses well-engineered transmission lines as communication links. These transmission lines, along with simple, practical circuits using modern CMOS technol

  16. Asymmetric parametric amplification in nonlinear left-handed transmission lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asymmetric parametric amplification in nonlinear left-handed transmission lines David A. Powell amplification in nonlinear left-handed transmission lines, which serve as model systems for nonlinear negative-handed regime. © 2009 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.3089842 Left-handed transmission lines

  17. Nonlinear Free Vibrations of Coupled Spans of Overhead Transmission Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rienstra, Sjoerd W.

    Nonlinear Free Vibrations of Coupled Spans of Overhead Transmission Lines Sjoerd W. Rienstra transmission lines is studied. It is shown that the natural vibration is the gravity mode, of which of the phenomenon of galloping, which is a high amplitude periodic oscillation of overhead transmission lines due

  18. Multifrequency Wilkinson Power Divider Using Microstrip Nonuniform Transmission Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Multifrequency Wilkinson Power Divider Using Microstrip Nonuniform Transmission Lines Mohammad desired frequencies. The proposed structure contains two Microstrip Nonuniform Transmission Lines (MNTLs­6] and using composite right/left-handed transmission line (CRLH) [7]. The main disadvantage of multistage

  19. New approach for modelling distributed MEMS transmission lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akin, Tayfun

    New approach for modelling distributed MEMS transmission lines K. Topalli, M. Unlu, S. Demir, O for the distributed MEMS transmission line (DMTL) structures. In this new model, the MEMS bridges that are used as the loading elements of the DMTL structures are represented as low-impedance transmission lines, rather than

  20. Capturing the cloud of MRSA diversity after transmission and during infection 2 reveals complex and heterogenous carriage and transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paterson, Gavin K.; Harrison, Ewan M.; Murray, Gemma G.R.; Welch, John J.; Warland, James H.; Holden, Matthew T.G.; Morgan, Fiona J.E.; Ba, Xiaoliang; Koop, Gerrit; Harris, Simon R.; Maskell, Duncan J.; Peacock, Sharon J.; Herrtage, Michael E.; Parkhill, Julian; Holmes, Mark A.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1 Capturing the cloud of MRSA diversity after transmission and during infection 1 reveals complex and heterogenous carriage and transmission 2 3 Running title: MRSA tracking and the cloud of diversity 4 5 Gavin K. Paterson 1#, Ewan M... transmission event. To 55 further understand the cloud of diversity that exists within colonized individuals and 56 5 during transmission, we undertook deep sequencing of a methicillin-resistant S. aureus 57 (MRSA) outbreak at a veterinary hospital...

  1. Uniform Methods Project Related Links | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of energy efficiency programs. Glossaries of EM&V Terms Federal EM&V Resources International Resources Related Standards Glossaries of EM&V Terms The following glossaries...

  2. 2012 Long Term NTSA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies |November 2011 Mon, 11/28/2011 -April2012-Long-Term-NTSA Sign In

  3. Long Term by Group

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformationPostdocsCenterCentera A B C D ELong Term Care |

  4. Terms and Conditions | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus TomAboutManusScience and How ToMayTen-Year Site PlansTerms and

  5. Pulse-excited, auto-zeroing multiple channel data transmission system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fasching, George E. (Morgantown, WV)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A multiple channel data transmission system is provided in which signals from a plurality of pulse operated transducers and a corresponding plurality of pulse operated signal processor channels are multiplexed for single channel FM transmission to a receiving station. The transducers and corresponding channel amplifiers are powered by pulsing the dc battery power to these devices to conserve energy and battery size for long-term data transmission from remote or inaccessible locations. Auto zeroing of the signal channel amplifiers to compensate for drift associated with temperature changes, battery decay, component aging, etc., in each channel is accomplished by means of a unique auto zero feature which between signal pulses holds a zero correction voltage on an integrating capacitor coupled to the corresponding channel amplifier output. Pseudo-continuous outputs for each channel are achieved by pulsed sample-and-hold circuits which are updated at the pulsed operation rate. The sample-and-hold outputs are multiplexed into an FM/FM transmitter for transmission to an FM receiver station for demultiplexing and storage in separate channel recorders.

  6. Ponderomotive phase plate for transmission electron microscopes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reed, Bryan W. (Livermore, CA)

    2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A ponderomotive phase plate system and method for controllably producing highly tunable phase contrast transfer functions in a transmission electron microscope (TEM) for high resolution and biological phase contrast imaging. The system and method includes a laser source and a beam transport system to produce a focused laser crossover as a phase plate, so that a ponderomotive potential of the focused laser crossover produces a scattering-angle-dependent phase shift in the electrons of the post-sample electron beam corresponding to a desired phase contrast transfer function.

  7. Utah/Transmission | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov PtyInformation UC 19-6-401UpsonUtah State HistoricInformationTransmission

  8. Transmission Access Resources | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyThe EnergyDepartment7 thFuel Processor for Transmission

  9. Electricity Transmission, A Primer | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergyIDIQ Contract ESPCElectrical Safety2011:2011:EnergyofTransmission,

  10. Sandia National Laboratories: transmission grid integration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1developmentturbineredox-activeNational SolartSSLPV materialsmethodstransmission

  11. Southline Transmission Line | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty Ltd JumpGTZHolland, Illinois:5717551°Farms Ltd Jump to:Southline Transmission

  12. Transmission/Resource Library | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,LtdInformation Dixie ValleyLibrary < Transmission Jump to:

  13. California Energy Commission Public Interest EnergyResearch/Energy System Integration -- Transmission-Planning Research&Development Scoping Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard; Widergren, Steven

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this Public Interest Energy Research (PIER)scoping project is to identify options for public-interest research and development (R&D) to improve transmission-planning tools, techniques, and methods. The information presented was gathered through a review of current California utility, California Independent System Operator (ISO), and related western states electricity transmission-planning activities and emerging needs. This report presents the project teams findings organized under six topic areas and identifies 17 distinct R&D activities to improve transmission-planning in California and the West. The findings in this report are intended for use, along with other materials, by PIER staff, to facilitate discussions with stakeholders that will ultimately lead to development of a portfolio of transmission-planning R&D activities for the PIER program.

  14. 2012 Wholesale Power and Transmission Rate

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the meaning given such term in section 3.3.5. "COU Parties' PF Rate" means any BPA wholesale power rate for service to COUs' "general requirements" (as defined in section...

  15. Refractive Optics for Hard X-ray Transmission Microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simon, M.; Last, A.; Mohr, J.; Nazmov, V.; Reznikova, E. [Institute for Microstructure Technology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Kaiserstrasse 12, 76131 Karlsruhe (Germany); Ahrens, G.; Voigt, A. [Microresist Technology, Koepenikerstrasse 325, 12555 Berlin (Germany)

    2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    For hard x-ray transmission microscopy at photon energies higher than 15 keV we design refractive condenser and imaging elements to be used with synchrotron light sources as well as with x-ray tube sources. The condenser lenses are optimized for low x-ray attenuation--resulting in apertures greater than 1 mm--and homogeneous intensity distribution on the detector plane, whereas the imaging enables high-resolution (<100 nm) full-field imaging. To obtain high image quality at reasonable exposure times, custom-tailored matched pairs of condenser and imaging lenses are being developed. The imaging lenses (compound refractive lenses, CRLs) are made of SU-8 negative resist by deep x-ray lithography. SU-8 shows high radiation stability. The fabrication technique enables high-quality lens structures regarding surface roughness and arrangement precision with arbitrary 2D geometry. To provide point foci, crossed pairs of lenses are used. Condenser lenses have been made utilizing deep x-ray lithographic patterning of thick SU-8 layers, too, whereas in this case, the aperture is limited due to process restrictions. Thus, in terms of large apertures, condenser lenses made of structured and rolled polyimide film are more attractive. Both condenser types, x-ray mosaic lenses and rolled x-ray prism lenses (RXPLs), are considered to be implemented into a microscope setup. The x-ray optical elements mentioned above are characterized with synchrotron radiation and x-ray laboratory sources, respectively.

  16. Definitions of Marketing Terms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCorkle, Dean; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.

    2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Extension Service.. Dean McCorkle and Kevin Dhuyvetter* Cash Market Cash marketing basis ? the difference be- tween a cash price and a futures price of a par- ticular commodity on a given futures exchange. It is calculated as: Basis = cash price - futures... price. Basis can be positive or negative. Basis contract ? an agreement between a producer and a grain elevator (or feedlot) that specifi es the cash price upon future delivery as a fi xed amount in relation to the futures price (above or below...

  17. Sample Residential Program Term Sheet

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Goal DRAFT U.S. DOE Sample Residential Program Term Sheet - DRAFT Introduction is seeking to develop an energy...

  18. Discontinuities in transmission lines and wave guides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Harold Fletcher

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    transmission 11ne: nd cosx1sl cables have discrete support and separators. These suoports may be either d1electrics or conductors. In general the support" are desicned to introduce no discontinuity at one freouenCy, hut at other frequencies, they do...=- formin~ ths t of s he 1 ix. Co-xl l cable HC-6 r ansmi as 1 on 1 1 re in t hs f orm 5/U with t 1 e 1nner conductor in the form of s helix with ch:racter1st1c 1mpedance of 95C ohms has been manufactured. The aut hor hs c made h1ph- 1mpedance cable...

  19. Giant vacuum forces via transmission lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ephraim Shahmoon; Igor Mazets; Gershon Kurizki

    2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum electromagnetic fluctuations induce forces between neutral particles, known as the van der Waals (vdW) and Casimir interactions. These fundamental forces, mediated by virtual photons from the vacuum, play an important role in basic physics and chemistry, and in emerging technologies involving, e.g. micro-electromechanical systems or quantum information processing. Here we show that these interactions can be enhanced by many orders of magnitude upon changing the character of the mediating vacuum-modes. By considering two polarizable particles in the vicinity of any standard electric transmission line, along which photons can propagate in one dimension (1d), we find a much stronger and longer-range interaction than in free-space. This enhancement may have profound implications on many-particle and bulk systems, and impact the quantum technologies mentioned above. The predicted giant vacuum force is estimated to be measurable in a coplanar waveguide line.

  20. Boost type PWM HVDC transmission system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ooi, B.T.; Wang, X. (McGill Univ., Montreal, PQ (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering)

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that conventional HVdc is built around the mercury arc rectifier or the thyristor which requires line commutation. The advances of fast, high power GTO's and future devices such as MCT's with turn off capabilities, are bringing PWM techniques within the range of HVdc applications. By combining PWM techniques to the boost type bridge topology, one has an alternate system of HVdc Transmission. On the ac side, the converter station has active controls over: the voltage amplitude, the voltage angle and the frequency. On the dc side, parallel connections facilitate multi-terminal load sharing by simple local controls so that redundant communication channels are not required. Bidirectional power through each station is accomplished by the reversal of the direction of dc current flow. These claims have been substantiated by experimental results from laboratory size multi-terminal models.

  1. GTO thyristor applications for HVDC transmission systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamada, H.; Sampei, M. (Electric Power Development Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)); Kashiwazaki, H.; Tanaka, C. (Hitachi Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)); Takahashi, T.; Horivchi, T. (Toshiba Corp., Tokyo (JP))

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of a large capacity gate turn off thyristor (GTO) has made it possible to manufacture self-commutated convertors employing GTO for power applications. In this paper, conceptual designs for convertor station equipment for a HVDC transmission system employing current as well as voltage source type GTO convertors (simply referred to as VSTGC and CSTGC) are presented. The study result indicates that the VSTGC is preferable over the CSTGC. Also presented in this paper is a preliminary economic comparison between two HVDC system alternatives for applying power to a weak ac system, one employing a self-commutated GTO convertor and the other employing a combination of line-commutated convertor and a synchronous condenser. The result indicates that the two HVDC convertor station alternatives cost about the same.

  2. QER Public Meeting: Petroleum Product Transmission & Distribution

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    May 27, 2014 Public Meeting: Petroleum Product Transmission & Distribution (including CO2/EOR) On May 27, 2014, the DOE will hold a public meeting in New Orleans, Louisiana. The May 27, 2014 public meeting will feature facilitated panel discussions, followed by an open microphone session. Persons desiring to speak during the 6 open microphone session at the public meeting should come prepared to speak for no more than 3 minutes and will be accommodated on a first- come, first- serve basis, according to the order in which they register to speak on a sign-in sheet available at the meeting location, on the morning of the meeting. In advance of the meeting, DOE anticipates making publicly available a briefing memorandum providing useful background information regarding the topics under discussion at the meeting. DOE will post this memorandum on its website: http://energy.gov

  3. Primal-Dual Interior Point Method Applied to the Short Term Hydroelectric Scheduling Including a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliveira, Aurélio R. L.

    Primal-Dual Interior Point Method Applied to the Short Term Hydroelectric Scheduling Including that minimizes losses in the transmission and costs in the generation of a hydroelectric power system, formulated such perturbing parameter. Keywords-- Hydroelectric power system, Network flow, Predispatch, Primal-dual interior

  4. Long-term testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferber, M.; Graves, G.A. Jr.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Land-based gas turbines are significantly different from automotive gas turbines in that they are designed to operate for 50,000 h or greater (compared to 5,000--10,000 h). The primary goal of this research is to determine the long-term survivability of ceramic materials for industrial gas turbine applications. Research activities in this program focus on the evaluation of the static tensile creep and stress rupture (SR) behavior of three commercially available structural ceramics which have been identified by the gas turbine manufacturers as leading candidates for use in industrial gas turbines. For each material investigated, a minimum of three temperatures and four stresses will be used to establish the stress and temperature sensitivities of the creep and SR behavior. Because existing data for many candidate structural ceramics are limited to testing times less than 2,000 h, this program will focus on extending these data to times on the order of 10,000 h, which represents the lower limit of operating time anticipated for ceramic blades and vanes in gas turbine engines. A secondary goal of the program will be to investigate the possibility of enhancing life prediction estimates by combining interrupted tensile SR tests and tensile dynamic fatigue tests in which tensile strength is measured as a function of stressing rate. The third goal of this program will be to investigate the effects of water vapor upon the SR behavior of the three structural ceramics chosen for the static tensile studies by measuring the flexural strength as a function of stressing rate at three temperatures.

  5. Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coal Case About two-thirds of the additional transmission represents imports into California from the Northwest and Arizona/New Mexico (

  6. Coordination of Federal Transmission Permitting on Federal Lands...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    transmission facilities on federal lands. In most instances, the Departments of Agriculture or Interior will be the Lead Agency, since they have jurisdiction over most of the...

  7. Reflection and transmission coefficients of a fracture in transversely ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of the reflection-transmission problem of a fracture plays an ...... material or abrupt changes in COF (Smith, 1996; Anandakrishnan, 1996; Horgan et al.,.

  8. Microsoft Word - DOE RFI on Transmission Planning - PGE Comments...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    approach to guiding development toward appropriate locations within the southern California deserts, while also providing a road map for transmission planning in these regions....

  9. Joint transmission system projects to improve system reliability

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    County PUD, 425-783-8444 Joint transmission system projects to improve system reliability First major regional electric grid improvements in decades prepare the area for the...

  10. Update Invalid Reservation Points for Transmission Service Requests...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CommitteesTeams Customer Training Interconnection Notices Rates Standards of Conduct Tariff TF Web Based Training Update: Invalid Reservation Points for Transmission Service...

  11. Workshop title: Transmission and Utility Scale Solar Opportunities...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    requirements for FERC Order 890 as outlined in Western's Open Access Transmission Tariff. Who Should Attend: Western customers, electric utilities, Tribes, generation and...

  12. Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    14, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOEEIS-0285SA-35) James Jellison - TFOOlympia...

  13. Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    5, 2001 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPZ992 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOEEIS-0285SA-25) Elizabeth Johnson - TFRThe...

  14. Highline Pacific Northwests High-Voltage Transmission System

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    made substantial contributions to BPA, including the innovation of vibration dampers on transmission towers, which help reduce wind noise. It was the first color film produced by...

  15. Folk Theorems on Transmission Access: Proofs and Counter Examples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    .ucei.berkeley.edu/ucei #12;[11] S. Stoft, \\On the meaning of transmission prices." Private Communication, 18 October 1994

  16. QER Report: Energy Transmission, Storage, and Distribution Infrastruct...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Report: Energy Transmission, Storage, and Distribution Infrastructure | April 2015 S-1 Summary SUMMARY FOR POLICYMAKERS The U.S. energy landscape is changing. The United States has...

  17. Phase 2 Report: Oahu Wind Integration and Transmission Study...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    technical configuration and capital costs of establishing an undersea cable system and examining impacts to the existing electric transmission systems as a result of...

  18. Reserving and Scheduling Transmission over the Time Change -...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Time Change Posted Date: 10172014 Effective November 2, 2014 at 0200 Pacific Daylight Savings Time (Advanced Standard Time), BPA Transmission Services will set all clocks...

  19. Reserving and Scheduling Transmission over the Time Change -...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pacific Prevailing Time, BPA Transmission Services will set all clocks to Pacific Daylight Saving Time (Advanced Standard Time). For more information concerning how to submit...

  20. Reminder Reserving and Scheduling Transmission over the Time...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Time Change Posted Date: 10292014 Effective November 2, 2014 at 0200 Pacific Daylight Savings Time (Advanced Standard Time), BPA Transmission Services will set all clocks...

  1. EIS-0317: Kangley-Echo Lake Transmission Line Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS analyzes BPA's proposal to build a new transmission line to accommodate increasing demand for electricity and ensure reliability in the Puget Sound area.

  2. Edison Electric Institute State Generation and Transmission Siting...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook: Edison Electric Institute State Generation and Transmission Siting DirectoryPermittingRegulatory...

  3. 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Notice of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Inquiry: Federal Register Notice Volume 73, No. 108 - Jun. 4, 2008 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Notice of Inquiry: Federal Register Notice Volume 73,...

  4. National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Draft for Public...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Draft for Public Comment August 2014 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Draft for Public Comment August 2014 On August 19, 2014, the Department issued a Federal...

  5. Microsoft PowerPoint - WAPA Transmission Developments in NM ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Alamos National Labs Study Los Alamos National Labs Study MOU with GSIP Eminent Domain Procedures High Lonesome Mesa Project 2 State Transmission Authorities RETA was...

  6. Regulatory Roadmap Workshop for Federal Bulk Transmission Regulations...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Regulatory Roadmapping Pgower's picture Submitted by Pgower(45) Member 7 August, 2014 - 13:19 One-day workshop to review regulatory roadmaps for bulk transmission. Date:...

  7. High voltage overhead long transmission line design and fault analysis.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elzain, Mohamed Ali

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The goal of this project is to design a reliable high voltage overhead long transmission line that satisfies specific design criteria including voltage regulation, efficiency, (more)

  8. EIS-0507: Boardman-Hemingway Transmission Line, Oregon and Idaho...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Transmission Line, Oregon and Idaho SUMMARY The Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Forest Service are preparing, with DOE's Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) as a...

  9. BPA, Transmission, I-5 Corridor Reinforcement Project factsheet...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    two-thirds of the electricity supply to serve the increasing population. These distant power generators rely on BPA's transmission system to move the electricity they produce to...

  10. Coordinating Interstate ElectricTransmission Siting: An Introduction...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the near future. While improved demand-side management (including energy effi ciency and demand response), bett er utilization of the existing transmission grid, and other...

  11. Department of Energy Finalizes Loan Guarantee for New Transmission...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Nevada, improving grid reliability and efficiency. "As our country increases its use of alternative energy sources, new transmissions lines like the ON Line project will play a...

  12. Pulse transmission transceiver architecture for low power communications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dress Jr., William B.; Smith, Stephen F.

    2003-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems and methods for pulse-transmission low-power communication modes are disclosed. A method of pulse transmission communications includes: generating a modulated pulse signal waveform; transforming said modulated pulse signal waveform into at least one higher-order derivative waveform; and transmitting said at least one higher-order derivative waveform as an emitted pulse. The systems and methods significantly reduce lower-frequency emissions from pulse transmission spread-spectrum communication modes, which reduces potentially harmful interference to existing radio frequency services and users and also simultaneously permit transmission of multiple data bits by utilizing specific pulse shapes.

  13. Jobs and Economic Development from New Transmission and Generation...

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    from New Transmission and Generation in Wyoming Introduction Wyoming is a significant energy exporter, producing nearly 40% of the nation's coal and 10% of the nation's natural...

  14. Integrating Renewable Energy into the Transmission and Distribution...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewable Energy into the Transmission and Distribution System of the U.S. Virgin Islands Kari Burman, Dan Olis, Vahan Gevorgian, Adam Warren, and Robert Butt National Renewable...

  15. Notice of Availability of Plains & Eastern Clean Line Transmission...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    in Oklahoma and Tennessee; an approximately 720-mile high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission line; an alternating current (AC) collection system; and access roads....

  16. Colorado - Report of the Task Force on Statewide Transmission...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Permitting Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Colorado - Report of the Task Force on Statewide Transmission Siting and Permitting Abstract...

  17. Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Systems- Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Systems - Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen. Design and operations standards and materials for hydrogen and natural gas pipelines.

  18. Transmission Expansion in Argentina 5: The Regional Electricity Forum of Buenos Aires Province

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Littlechild, Stephen C; Ponzano, Eduardo A

    . In Argentina (and most of Latin America and Spain), this generally includes making rules for a given sector within the framework set by a law and the related decrees issued by the head of the executive branch (the president at federal level, the governors... of renewable energy, 2) acting as the public sector counterpart of private organisations such as FREBA, in this case approving the transmission expansion plan, 3) compiling statistics, 4) issuing technical authorisations to build new facilities within...

  19. Exploration of Resource and Transmission Expansion Decisions in the Western Renewable Energy Zone Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, Andrew D.; Phadke, Amol A.; Wiser, Ryan H.

    2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The Western Renewable Energy Zone (WREZ) initiative brings together a diverse set of voices to develop data, tools, and a unique forum for coordinating transmission expansion in the Western Interconnection. In this paper we use a new tool developed in the WREZ initiative to evaluate possible renewable resource selection and transmission expansion decisions. We evaluate these decisions under a number of alternative future scenarios centered on meeting 33percent of the annual load in the Western Interconnection with new renewable resources located within WREZ-identified resource hubs. Our analysis finds that wind energy is the largest source of renewable energy procured to meet the 33percent RE target across nearly all scenarios analyzed (38-65percent). Solar energy is almost always the second largest source (14-41percent). We find several load zones where wind energy is the least cost resource under a wide range of sensitivity scenarios. Load zones in the Southwest, on the other hand, are found to switch between wind and solar, and therefore to vary transmission expansion decisions, depending on uncertainties and policies that affect the relative economics of each renewable option. Further, we find that even with total transmission expenditures of $17-34 billion these costs still represent just 10-19percent of the total delivered cost of renewable energy.

  20. Relational EPR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matteo Smerlak; Carlo Rovelli

    2006-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the EPR-type correlations from the perspective of the relational interpretation of quantum mechanics. We argue that these correlations do not entail any form of 'non-locality', when viewed in the context of this interpretation. The abandonment of strict Einstein realism implied by the relational stance permits to reconcile quantum mechanics, completeness, (operationally defined) separability, and locality.

  1. The Cost of Transmission for Wind Energy: A Review of Transmission Planning Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    500 and 230 kV 765 kV and 800 kV HVDC 500 and 230 kV 500 kVmi) 138 and 345 kV 345 kV 345 kV 345 kV and HVDC 345kV and HVDC 345 kV 345 kV Note: Total transmission cost is

  2. Virtual Pipeline System Testbed to Optimize the U.S. Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirby S. Chapman; Prakash Krishniswami; Virg Wallentine; Mohammed Abbaspour; Revathi Ranganathan; Ravi Addanki; Jeet Sengupta; Liubo Chen

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project is to develop a Virtual Pipeline System Testbed (VPST) for natural gas transmission. This study uses a fully implicit finite difference method to analyze transient, nonisothermal compressible gas flow through a gas pipeline system. The inertia term of the momentum equation is included in the analysis. The testbed simulate compressor stations, the pipe that connects these compressor stations, the supply sources, and the end-user demand markets. The compressor station is described by identifying the make, model, and number of engines, gas turbines, and compressors. System operators and engineers can analyze the impact of system changes on the dynamic deliverability of gas and on the environment.

  3. Estimating long-term mean winds from short-term wind data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barchet, W.R.; Davis, W.E.

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The estimation of long-term mean winds from short-term data is especially important in the area of wind energy. It is desirable to obtain reliable estimates of the long-term wind speed from as short a period of on-site measurements as possible. This study examined seven different methods of estimating the long-term average wind speed and compared the performance of these techniques. Three linear, three weather pattern, and one eigenvector methods were compared for measurement periods ranging from 3 months to 36 months. Average errors, both relative and absolute, and the rms errors in the techniques were determined. The best technique for less than 12 months of measurement was the eigenvector method using weekly mean wind speeds. However, this method was only slightly better than the linear adjusted method. When 12 or more months of data were used, the difference in errors between techniques was found to be slight.

  4. Saving Energy by Adjusting Transmission Power in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, Neil C.

    and communication areas. Energy-efficient communication is an important issue in WSNs because of the limited power distributed algorithms to reduce communication energy consumption in WSNs by minimizing the total transmissionSaving Energy by Adjusting Transmission Power in Wireless Sensor Networks Xiao Chen Department

  5. EIS-0124: Conrad-Shelby Transmission Line Project, Montana

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Western Area Power Administration developed this statement to assess the environmental impact of adding a 230 kV transmission line between Conrad and Shelby, Montana and a new substation near Shelby to update the stressed electrical transmission system.

  6. Online Transmission Line Loadability Assessment Using Synchrophasor Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liberzon, Daniel

    a stable operation. Transmission line loading limits are also essential to deter- mine locational marginal loading margins provide a useful metric to operate the power sys- tem to satisfy demands while ensuring prices in power markets. Therefore, the assessment of transmission line loadability under various

  7. A FRAMEWORK FOR TRANSMISSION CONGESTION MANAGEMENT ANALYSIS MINGHAI LIU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    congestion, the market-based mechanisms using the locational marginal prices (LMPs) have become the most transmission services and compute the pricing for those services. The inherent volatility of electricity markets introduces uncertainty in the LMPs and consequently, in transmission pricing. In order to protect

  8. One Classic and Two Classical The Recovery and Transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elman, Benjamin

    #12;One Classic and Two Classical Traditions The Recovery and Transmission of a Lost Edition primary and secondary sources in Japan. Wu Ge , curator of the rare books collection at Fudan University that various ironies attended the process of recovery and transmission. The text in question is Huang Kan

  9. Residual Energy-Aware Cooperative Transmission (REACT) in Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Kin K.

    Residual Energy-Aware Cooperative Transmission (REACT) in Wireless Networks Erwu Liu, Qinqing Zhang the lifetime of the network and we call the selection method a residual energy-aware cooperative transmission- works, where energy efficiency is a critical design consideration. We assume that multiple relay nodes

  10. Electricity transmission congestion costs: A review of recent reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Eto, Joseph H.

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, independent system operators (ISOs) and others have published reports on the costs of transmission congestion. The magnitude of congestion costs cited in these reports has contributed to the national discussion on the current state of U.S. electricity transmission system and whether it provides an adequate platform for competition in wholesale electricity markets. This report reviews reports of congestion costs and begins to assess their implications for the current national discussion on the importance of the U.S. electricity transmission system for enabling competitive wholesale electricity markets. As a guiding principle, we posit that a more robust electricity system could reduce congestion costs; and thereby, (1) facilitate more vibrant and fair competition in wholesale electricity markets, and (2) enable consumers to seek out the lowest prices for electricity. Yet, examining the details suggests that, sometimes, there will be trade-offs between these goals. Therefore, it is essential to understand who pays, how much, and how do they benefit in evaluating options (both transmission and non-transmission alternatives) to address transmission congestion. To describe the differences among published estimates of congestion costs, we develop and motivate three ways by which transmission congestion costs are calculated in restructured markets. The assessment demonstrates that published transmission congestion costs are not directly comparable because they have been developed to serve different purposes. More importantly, critical information needed to make them more comparable, for example in order to evaluate the impacts of options to relieve congestion, is sometimes not available.

  11. Managing transmission curtailment risk in wholesale power markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morey, Mathew J.; Kirsch, Laurence D.

    2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Risk resulting from transmission loading relief calls made by transmission system operators can be managed with information estimated by a statistical model capable of predicting one day in advance the probability that a particular wholesale power transaction might be curtailed. The model predicts this probability with a reasonable degree of accuracy using information on variables that can be obtained publicly. (author)

  12. Transmission Investment Timing and Sizing under Uncertainty Afzal Siddiqui

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillas, Serge

    of a private investor holding a perpetual option to construct a transmission line. Using the real options-reverting process 1 Introduction Given the dependence of modern society on electricity, increased reliability than cost reduction. In deregulated electricity industries with functioning markets, transmission

  13. The Evolutionary Reduction Principle for Linear Variation in Genetic Transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Altenberg, Lee

    The Evolutionary Reduction Principle for Linear Variation in Genetic Transmission Lee Altenberg of modifier gene models, in which a neutral gene is posited to control the transmission of other genes under principle": in a population near equilibrium, a new modifier allele that scales equally all transition

  14. EIS-0101: Thermopolis, Alcova, Casper Transmission Line Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Western Area Power Administration developed this statement to evaluate the environmental impacts of constructing, operating and maintaining a 230-kilovolt transmission line between Thermopolis, Wyoming, and Alcova, Wyoming, and a 230/345-kilovolt transmission line between Alcova, Wyoming, and Casper, Wyoming.

  15. EIS-0499: Great Northern Transmission Line Project, Minnesota

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS will evaluate the potential environmental impacts of a DOE proposal to grant a Presidential permit to Minnesota Power to construct, operate, maintain, and connect a new 750-megawatt electric transmission system across the U.S.-Canada border. The proposed 220 mile transmission line would cross the border near Roseau, Minnesota, and continue to Grand Rapids, Minnesota.

  16. The Economic Case for Bulk Energy Storage in Transmission Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Economic Case for Bulk Energy Storage in Transmission Systems with High Percentages to Engineer the Future Electric Energy System #12;#12;The Economic Case for Bulk Energy Storage Economic Case for Bulk Energy Storage in Transmission Sys- tems with High Percentages of Renewable

  17. Robust Secure Transmission in MISO Channels With Imperfect ECSI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    Robust Secure Transmission in MISO Channels With Imperfect ECSI Jing Huang and A. Lee Swindlehurst.huang; swindle}@uci.edu Abstract--This paper studies robust transmission schemes for MISO wiretap channels-input single-output (MISO) wiretap cannels, the optimal transmit covariance matrix was found to be single

  18. Finite-Horizon Optimal Transmission Policies for Energy Harvesting Sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jagannathan, Krishna

    Finite-Horizon Optimal Transmission Policies for Energy Harvesting Sensors Rahul Vaze School: krishnaj@ee.iitm.ac.in Abstract--In this paper, we derive optimal transmission poli- cies for energy harvesting sensors to maximize the utility obtained over a finite horizon. First, we consider a single energy

  19. Transmission resonances in the bipolar quantum resonant tunneling transistor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mondragon, Antonio Richard

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MODEL CALCULATIONS Simple Wells Barriers and Nonparabolicity 16 20 IV CONCLUSION: DEVICES AND RESULTS 26 Collector Geometry Profile Evolution Results . 27 30 32 REFERENCES APPENDIX 36 A COMPUTER PROGRAMS Transmission (Parabolic...) . Transmission (Nonparabolic) Bound States and Wavefunctions (Parabolic). . . . Bound States and Wavefunctions (Nonparabolic) . Resonant Slopes (Parabolic) . Resonant Slopes (Nonparabolic) 37 41 46 52 59 64 VITA 68 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page...

  20. Long-Term Stewardship Science and Technology Requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonald, J.K.; Nickelson, R.A.

    2002-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    To ensure technology developed for long-term stewardship will meet existing requirements, a review of requirements was performed. In addition to identifying existing science and technology related requirements, gaps and conflicts of requirements were identified.

  1. Long-term Stewardship Science and Technology Requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mcdonald, Jaimee Kristen; Nickelson, Reva Anne

    2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To ensure technology developed for long-term stewardship will meet existing requirements, a review of requirements was performed. In addition to identifying existing science and technology related requirements, gaps and conflicts of requirements were identified.

  2. Joint HVAC transmission EMF environmental study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stormshak, F.; Thompson, J. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States))

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the rationale, procedures, and results of a carefully controlled study conducted to establish whether chronic exposure of female (ewe) Suffolk lambs to the environment of a 500-kV 60-Hz transmission line would affect various characteristics of growth, endocrine function, and reproductive development. This experiment used identical housing and management schemes for control and line-exposed ewes, thus minimizing these factors as contributors to between-group experimental error. Further, throughout the 10-month duration of this study, changes in electric and magnetic fields, audible noise, and weather conditions were monitored continuously by a computerized system. Such measurements provided the opportunity to identify any relationship between environmental factors and biological responses. Because of reports in the literature that electric and magnetic fields alter concentrations of melatonin in laboratory animals, the primary objective of this study was to ascertain whether a similar effect occurs in lambs exposed to a 500-kV a-c line in a natural setting. In addition, onset of puberty, changes in body weight, wool growth, and behavior were monitored. To determine whether the environment of a 500-kV line caused stress in the study animals, serum levels of cortisol were measured. The study was conducted at Bonneville Power Administration's Ostrander Substation near Estacada, Oregon.

  3. D-3 FALL TERM TERM CR. COURSE DEPARTMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yan

    Community Oral Health Dr. P.N. Gregory 2 PDCH 302 Pediatric Dental Clinic* Pediatric Dentistry Dr. H.K. Sharp 1 PDCH 304 Patient Centered Dentistry Pediatric Dentistry Ms. M. Seeberg 2 PERI 301 Basic *Continues through Spring Term D-3 SPRING TERM 1 DSOM 305 Advanced Dental Radiology Oral Maxillofacial

  4. D-3 FALL TERM TERM CR COURSE DEPARTMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yan

    Community Oral Health Dr. P.N. Gregory 2 PDCH 302 Pediatric Dental Clinic* Pediatric Dentistry Dr. H.K. Sharp 1 PDCH 304 Patient Centered Dentistry Pediatric Dentistry Ms. M. Seeberg 2 PERI 301 Basic *Continues through Spring Term D-3 SPRING TERM 1 DSOM 305 Advanced Dental Radiology Oral Maxillofacial

  5. Precision electron flow measurements in a disk transmission line.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clark, Waylon T.; Pelock, Michael D.; Martin, Jeremy Paul; Jackson, Daniel Peter Jr.; Savage, Mark Edward; Stoltzfus, Brian Scott; Mendel, Clifford Will, Jr.; Pointon, Timothy David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An analytic model for electron flow in a system driving a fixed inductive load is described and evaluated with particle in cell simulations. The simple model allows determining the impedance profile for a magnetically insulated transmission line given the minimum gap desired, and the lumped inductance inside the transition to the minimum gap. The model allows specifying the relative electron flow along the power flow direction, including cases where the fractional electron flow decreases in the power flow direction. The electrons are able to return to the cathode because they gain energy from the temporally rising magnetic field. The simulations were done with small cell size to reduce numerical heating. An experiment to compare electron flow to the simulations was done. The measured electron flow is {approx}33% of the value from the simulations. The discrepancy is assumed to be due to a reversed electric field at the cathode because of the inductive load and falling electron drift velocity in the power flow direction. The simulations constrain the cathode electric field to zero, which gives the highest possible electron flow.

  6. Development of NS-TACSR with extremely suppressed aeolian noise and its application to 500 kV overhead transmission lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsujimoto, K.; Furukawa, S. (Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc., Osaka (Japan)); Shimojima, K.; Yamamoto, K. (Hitachi Cable, Ltd., Hitachi (JP))

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently in Japan, with the unprecedented advance of residential area development in the suburbs of large cities, it has become quite difficult to secure the routes of EHV transmission lines from nuclear power plants in remote places to the suburbs of large cities, urging resolution of environmental problems related to transmission lines. In Japan, aerodynamic sound produced by conductors and insulators frequently caused noise problems. Having an opportunity of constructing a 500 kV transmission line through a residential are, we made a research to resolve this noise problem. This paper describes the characteristics of aeolian noise and preventive measures against it.

  7. Long-term environmental stewardship.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nagy, Michael David

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this Supplemental Information Source Document is to effectively describe Long-Term Environmental Stewardship (LTES) at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM). More specifically, this document describes the LTES and Long-Term Stewardship (LTS) Programs, distinguishes between the LTES and LTS Programs, and summarizes the current status of the Environmental Restoration (ER) Project.

  8. 1346 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 23, NO. 3, AUGUST 2008 Optimal Transmission Switching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferris, Michael C.

    to node . Binary variable indicating whether transmission line is removed from the system (open susceptance of line . Large number. Upper limit on number of open transmission lines. Sets Set of all transmission lines. Set of open transmission lines in solution to transmission switching in which

  9. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, Third quarter 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent cases with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. (See Short-Term Energy Outlook Annual Supplement, DOE/EIA-0202). The feature article for this issue is Demand, Supply and Price Outlook for Reformulated Gasoline, 1995.

  10. STATE RESEARCH, OUTREACH AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TO IMPROVE THE NATIONS TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Terry; Ben Deitchman; Shemika Spencer

    2009-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the project 'State Research, Outreach and Technical Assistance to Improve the Nation's Transmission and Distribution Systems' was for the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) to partner with the National Governors Association (NGA) Center for Best Practices, the National Conference of State Legislators (NCSL), and the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) to assist DOE's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) in its effort to modernize and expand America's electric delivery system. NASEO focused on key transmission and distribution issues where coordination between the federal and state governments was critical. Throughout the duration of this program, NASEO engaged in monthly coordination - occasionally more often - with NGA, NCSL and NARUC. NASEO staff and General Counsel Jeff Genzer also had regular face-to-face meetings, phone calls and emails with OE staff to learn from DOE and share information and feedback from the state energy offices on transmission and distribution. To commence work on this project, NASEO met with OE, NGA, NCSL and NARUC in January 2005 and remained committed to regular communications with all involved entities throughout the duration of this project. NASEO provided comments and analysis to the other partners on deliverable reports under this award. This award provided support to NASEO's Energy Production Committee (chaired by Dub Taylor of Texas, followed by Tom Fuller of Wyoming) to plan and host sessions at NASEO's Annual Meeting and Energy Outlook Conferences. Sessions included presentations from state, DOE, national laboratory and private sector experts on transmission, distribution, distributed energy resources, integrating renewable resources into the electricity grid. NASEO disseminated information to its members through emails and its website on transmission and distribution technology and policy. NASEO was an active member of the National Council on Electricity Policy as part of its transmission and distribution work. The National Council on Electricity Policy (National Council) is a venture between NASEO, NARUC, NCSL, National Association of Clean Air Agencies (NACAA) and the National Governors Association (NGA). The National Council also includes several federal members including FERC, DOE, and the U.S. Environment Protection Agency (EPA). NASEO members serve on the policy committee and NASEO General Council Jeff Genzer is a member of the National Council's Executive Committee. NASEO staff participated on regularly scheduled policy committee and executive committee calls and helped to plan agendas and publications for various state decision-makers. Specifically, NASEO organized state energy officials and participating in formulating the agenda for meetings, including the Mid-Atlantic Distributed Generation Workshop in New Jersey in September 2007. NASEO shared the results of these meetings through its website, email communications and direct conversations with state energy officials. NASEO participated as a member of the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency (NAPEE) Leadership Committee, representing the interests and expertise of the state energy offices. In addition, NASEO was part of the Long-Term Vision Committee. NASEO members also participated in these activities and NASEO has encouraged further efforts of its membership with regards to NAPEE. NASEO has worked to ensure that its membership has the most timely and accurate information about transmission and distribution technology and policy. Its work with other associations has facilitated greater partnerships to enhance activities across the nation and encourage state energy offices to collaborate with public utility commissions, legislatures and executives to improve modern transmission and distribution. NASEO has identified transmission and distribution as a key area for further action.

  11. An indirect transmission measurement-based spectrum estimation method for computed tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Wei; Schafer, Sebastian; Royalty, Kevin

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The characteristics of an x-ray spectrum can greatly influence imaging and related tasks. In practice, due to the pile-up effect of the detector, it's difficult to directly measure the spectrum of a CT scanner using an energy resolved detector. An alternative solution is to estimate the spectrum using transmission measurements with a step phantom or other CT phantom. In this work, we present a new spectrum estimation method based on indirect transmission measurement and model spectra mixture approach. The estimated x-ray spectrum was expressed as weighted summation of a set of model spectra, which can significantly reduce the degrees of freedom (DOF) of the spectrum estimation problem. Next, an estimated projection can be calculated with the assumed spectrum. By iteratively updating the unknown weights, we minimized the difference between the estimated projection data and the raw projection data. The final spectrum was calculated with these calibrated weights and the model spectra. Both simulation and experim...

  12. Final Report on Transmission Pricing in the Western Interconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas C. Larson; Lawrence Nordell

    2003-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Under this project, the Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation (CREPC) of the Western Interstate Energy Board developed a ''western pricing and congestion management proposal'' in order to foster efficient wholesale power markets and efficient use and expansion of the transmission grid. Drafts of this paper provided useful information to states/provinces in the Western Interconnection as Western Regional Transmission Organization (RTO) transmission pricing proposals have continued to evolve. Throughout the project there has been a gradual, but incomplete agreement on pricing systems to be used by RTOs in the West.

  13. Lens transmission measurement for an absolute radiation thermometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hao, X.; Yuan, Z.; Lu, X. [Division of Thermometry and Materials Evaluation, National Institute of Metrology, Beijing (China)] [Division of Thermometry and Materials Evaluation, National Institute of Metrology, Beijing (China)

    2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The lens transmission for the National Institute of Metrology of China absolute radiation thermometer is measured by a hybrid method. The results of the lens transmission measurements are 99.002% and 86.792% for filter radiometers with center wavelengths 633 nm and 900 nm, respectively. These results, after correcting for diffraction factors and the size-of-source effect when the lens is incorporated within the radiometer, can be used for measurement of thermodynamic temperature. The expanded uncertainty of the lens transmission measurement system has been evaluated. It is 1.310{sup ?3} at 633 nm and 900 nm, respectively.

  14. Optical data transmission at the superconducting super collider

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leskovar, B.

    1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Digital and analog data transmissions via fiber optics for the Superconducting Super Collider have been investigated. The state of the art of optical transmitters, low loss fiber waveguides, receivers and associated electronics components are reviewed and summarized. Emphasis is placed on the effects of the radiation environment on the performance of an optical data transmission system components. Also, the performance of candidate components of the wide band digital and analog transmission systems intended for deployment of the Superconducting Super Collider Detector is discussed. 27 refs., 15 figs.

  15. Market-based Investment in Electricity Transmission Networks: Controllable Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunekreeft, Gert

    2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    in new lines, rather than small-scale network upgrades. Whereas market-based transmission investment may mitigate the problem of under- investment, it is unlikely to suffice alone and thus regulated projects by the designated transmission system... aims at transmission of bulk power to be less than small-scale AC network deepening projects; even if these AC projetcs are small scale, they may be large compared to the size of their market. The DC-interconnector projects in the USA are typically...

  16. Current Knowledge of Leishmania Vectors in Mexico: How Geographic Distributions of Species Relate to Transmission Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzá lez, Camila; Rebollar-Té llez, Eduardo A.; Ibá ñ ez-Bernal, Sergio; Becker-Fauser, Ingeborg; Martí nez-Meyer, Enrique; Peterson, A. Townsend; Sá nchez-Cordero, Ví ctor

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Lu. shannoni, Lu. panamensis , and Lu. ylephiletor , have recently been found infected with Leishmania mexicana in Campeche. 16, 17 Previous studies in Campeche documented Lu. o. olmeca as infected with Leishmania ; Lu. cruciata was also found... in Campeche (n = 86), Oaxaca (n = 47), and Quintana Roo (n = 40). In contrast, only single sampling localities were available for the states of Coahuila, Chihuahua, and Tamaulipas. The species most commonly obtained were Lu. cruciata (n = 102) and Lu...

  17. The effect of transmission-line corridor edge and successional stage on the animal community. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gates, D.J.E.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using breeding success as a criterion of habitat quality, this report evaluates the suitability of 2 transmission-line corridor habitat types, grassland and shrubland, for open-nesting passerines in western Maryland. The main objectives were to investigate the patterns of fledging success and spatial distribution of nests in each habitat type in relation to the corridor, corridor-forest edge, and the adjacent forest, and to quantify important features of the microhabitat of corridor and forest nests that may influence nest success. The second part of this report examines the effect of a transmission-line corridor on forest animal communities by monitoring their activity patterns in the corridor. Animal activity patterns are compared between a transmission-line corridor that was maintained in shrubby vegetation by selective spraying of herbicides and one that was managed for herbaceous vegetation by mowing with rotary mowers.

  18. Collective dark states controlled transmission in plasmonic slot waveguide with a stub coupled to a cavity dimer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Zhenzhen; Zhang, Qiang; Zhang, Xiaoming; Tao, Keyu

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report collective dark states controlled transmission in metal-dielectric-metal waveguides with a stub coupled to two twin cavities, namely, plasmonic waveguide-stub-dimer systems. In absence of one individual cavity in the dimer, plasmon induced transparency (PIT) is possible when the cavity and the stub have the same resonance frequency. However, it is shown that the hybridized modes in the dimer collectively generate two dark states which make the stub-dimer "invisible" to the straight waveguide, splitting the original PIT peak into two in the transmission spectrum. Simultaneously, the original PIT peak becomes a dip due to dark state interaction, yielding anti-PIT-like modulation of the transmission. With full-wave electromagnetic simulation, we demonstrate that this transition is controlled by the dimer-stub separation and the dimer-stub relative position. All results are analytically described by the temporal coupled mode theory. Our results may be useful in designing densely integrated optical circu...

  19. Transmission Matters Now: How Will Power Market Regulations Impact the Industrial's Power Supply Costs and Reliability?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, F.; Beidas, H.; Fox, R.

    The standardization of the power market structure and transmission access rules will result in new rules for dealing with the transmission systems. Furthermore, transmission system limitations and market inadequacies will have a significant impact...

  20. Three heuristics for transmission scheduling in sensor networks with multiple mobile sinks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bölöni, Ladislau L

    based on different principles (imitation of human decision making, stochastic transmission and constantThree heuristics for transmission scheduling in sensor networks with multiple mobile sinks Damla Algorithms, Design, Measurement, Experimentation Keywords Sensors, Sensor Networks, Transmission scheduling

  1. Calendar Year study term 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    laboratory and research facilities Carleton's laboratory and computer facilities are unparalleled association with, government organizations such as the National Research Council Canada. Your co Study Term 5 Dynamics of Machinery Mechanics of Solids II Systems and Simulation Electrical

  2. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Chart Gallery for April 2015 Short-Term Energy Outlook U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 Jan 2014...

  3. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    day Forecast -1.0 2012 2013 2014 OPEC countries North America Russia and Caspian Sea Latin America North Sea Other Non-OPEC Source: Short-Term Energy Outlook, November 2013 -1 0...

  4. Comments in response to FERC rulemaking on regional transmission organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On May 13, 1999, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) on Regional Transmission Organizations (RTO). The purpose of the NOPR is to solicit comments on proposed FERC ...

  5. Green's kernels for transmission problems in bodies with small inclusions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir Maz'ya; Alexander Movchan; Michael Nieves

    2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The uniform asymptotic approximation of Green's kernel for the transmission problem of antiplane shear is obtained for domains with small inclusions. The remainder estimates are provided. Numerical simulations are presented to illustrate the effectiveness of the approach.

  6. Transmission rights and market power on electric power networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze whether and how the allocation of transmission rights associated with the use of electric power networks affects the behavior of electricity generators and electricity consumers with market power. We consider ...

  7. EIS-0166: Bangor Hydro-Electric Transmission Line, Maine

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy prepared this environmental impact statement while considering whether to authorize a Presidential permit for Bangor Hydro to construct a new electric transmission facility at the U.S. border with Canada.

  8. Optimization for Design and Operation of Natural Gas Transmission Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dilaveroglu, Sebnem 1986-

    2012-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    and compressor stations. On an existing network, the model also optimizes the total flow through pipelines that satisfy demand to determine the best purchase amount of gas. A mixed integer nonlinear programming model for steady-state natural gas transmission...

  9. 2012 Transmission and Energy Storage Peer Review Presentations Available

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentations from theTransmission Reliability R&D Load as a Resource peer review and Energy Storage Systems peer review, both held in September 2012, are now available.

  10. Hafnium Resonance Parameter Analysis Using Neutron Capture and Transmission Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    the time-of-flight technique. Lithium-6 glass scintillation detectors were used for transmission for natural hafnium, it did affect the way the hafnium interactions would change with exposure to a neutron

  11. 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study- Atlanta Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On July 29, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Atlanta, GA to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The agenda andfull...

  12. Electricity Transmission Congestion Costs: A Review of Recent Reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    operator ISO-NE Independent System Operator - New England LMP Locational marginal price MW Megawatt MWh price FERC Federal Energy Regulatory Commission FTR Fixed transmission right ISO Independent system

  13. 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study- Hartford Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On July 9, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Hartford, CT to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The agenda, full...

  14. Wireless power transmission utilizing a phased array of Tesla coils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stark, Joseph C. (Joseph Charles), 1980-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis discusses the theory and design of coupled resonant systems and how they can be linked in a phased array for the wireless transmission of electrical power. A detailed derivation of their operational theory is ...

  15. THE PUSH TOWARD GRID REGIONALIZATION IN OPEN ACCESS TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    THE PUSH TOWARD GRID REGIONALIZATION IN OPEN ACCESS TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS ProfessorGeorge Gross Universityof Illinois atUrbana-Champaign USA E-mail:gross@uiuc.edu ExtendedSummary Keywords:RTO, ISO

  16. The Appraisal Journal, Price Effects of High Voltage Transmission...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Public Perception of Transmission Structures," Right of Way (MarchApril 2007): 34-38. The Appraisal Journal, Winter 2013 46 Price Effects of HVTLs on Abutting Homes...

  17. Non-Utility Generation and Transmission Access in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panjavan, S.; Adib, P.

    system is a key factor in promoting competition in power generation. With changes in the Federal law, wholesale customers and NUGs are working with state legislators and regulators to open up the transmission system for opportunities in the wholesale...

  18. HEADLINE: BPA RAISES RATES TO BOLSTER FEDERAL POWER AND TRANSMISSION...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Teresa Waugh, 503-230-7536 Doug Johnson, 503-230-5840 or 503-230-5131 BPA adopts new wholesale power and transmission rates Increases needed to sustain system value Portland, Ore....

  19. FITCH RATES PORT OF MORROW (OR) TRANSMISSION FACILITIES REV BONDS...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FITCH RATES PORT OF MORROW (OR) TRANSMISSION FACILITIES REV BONDS 'AA'; OUTLOOK STABLE Fitch Ratings-Austin-24 November 2014: Fitch Ratings assigns 'AA' ratings to the Port of...

  20. New Developments in Transmission Electron Microscopy for Nanotechnology**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    New Developments in Transmission Electron Microscopy for Nanotechnology** By Zhong Lin Wang* 1. Electron Microscopy and Nanotechnology Nanotechnology, as an international initiative for science manufacturing are the foundation of nanotechnology. Tracking the historical background of why nanotechnology

  1. Pulse transmission transmitter including a higher order time derivate filter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dress Jr., William B.; Smith, Stephen F.

    2003-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems and methods for pulse-transmission low-power communication modes are disclosed. A pulse transmission transmitter includes: a clock; a pseudorandom polynomial generator coupled to the clock, the pseudorandom polynomial generator having a polynomial load input; an exclusive-OR gate coupled to the pseudorandom polynomial generator, the exclusive-OR gate having a serial data input; a programmable delay circuit coupled to both the clock and the exclusive-OR gate; a pulse generator coupled to the programmable delay circuit; and a higher order time derivative filter coupled to the pulse generator. The systems and methods significantly reduce lower-frequency emissions from pulse transmission spread-spectrum communication modes, which reduces potentially harmful interference to existing radio frequency services and users and also simultaneously permit transmission of multiple data bits by utilizing specific pulse shapes.

  2. Chapter 2 Transmission Facility Siting, Route Segments and Action...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Draft EIS November 2012 BPA considers many factors when siting proposed new transmission lines. Once the need for a new line in a particular area or region is identified,...

  3. EIS-0106: Great Falls-Conrad Transmission Line Project, Montana

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Western Area Power Administration prepared this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts of the construction and operation of a 230-kilovolt transmission line from Great Falls, Montana, to Conrad, Montana.

  4. Nondestructive Testing of Overhead Transmission Lines: Numerical and Experimental Investigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulkarni, Salil Subhash

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Overhead transmission lines are periodically inspected using both on-ground and helicopter-aided visual inspection. Factors including sun glare, cloud cover, close proximity to power lines and the rapidly changing visual circumstances make airborne...

  5. Hyperreal Waves on Transfinte, Terminated, Distortionless and Lossless, Transmission Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. H. Zemanian

    2004-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A prior work (see Chapter 8 of the book, ``Graphs and Networks: Transfinite and Nonstandard,'' Birkhauser-Boston, Cambridge, Mass., USA, 2004) examined the propagation of an electromagnetic wave on a transfinite transmission line, transfinite in the sense that infinitely many one-way infinite transmission lines are connected in cascade. That there are infinitely many such one-way infinite lines results in the wave propagating without ever reflecting at some discontinuity. The present work examines the cascade where the cascade terminates after only finitely many one-way infinite transmission lines, with the result that reflected waves are now produced at both the far end as well as at the initial end of the transfinite transmission line. The question of whether the reflected waves are infini tesimal or appreciable and whether they sum to an infinitesimal or appreciable amount are resolved for both distortionless and lossless lines. Finally, the generalizations to higher ranks of transfiniteness is briefly summarized.

  6. EA-1891: Alvey-Fairview Transmission Line Rebuild Project, Oregon

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to rebuild DOEs Bonneville Power Administrations Alvey-Fairview No. 1 230-kV transmission line located between Eugene, Oregon, and Coquille, Oregon.

  7. Investing in the NW transmission system - revised Oct 2009.indd

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    that energy. To meet these needs, BPA is proposing adding four new high-voltage transmission lines to its network. One line - the McNary-John Day line - has already undergone...

  8. EIS-0377: Big Stone II Power Plant and Transmission Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A systems study was carried out to identify the most appropriate locations to interconnect the proposed Big Stone II power plant to the regional utility grid. The study also identified transmission...

  9. Power electronics in electric utilities: HVDC power transmission systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nozari, F.; Patel, H.S.

    1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) power transmission systems constitute an important application of power electronics technology. This paper reviews salient aspects of this growing industry. The paper summarizes the history of HVDC transmission and discusses the economic and technical reasons responsible for development of HVDC systems. The paper also describes terminal design and basic configurations of HVDC systems, as well as major equipments of HVDC transmission system. In this regard, the state-of-the-art technology in the equipments constructions are discussed. Finally, the paper reviews future developments in the HVDC transmission systems, including promising technologies, such as multiterminal configurations, Gate Turn-Off (GTO) devices, forced commutation converters, and new advances in control electronics.

  10. Integrated System Transmission and Ancillary Services Rate Calculation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Transmission Rate 10 4.14 MillsKWh (L5 * 1000) 730 hours per month 7 RATE FOR SCHEDULING, SYSTEM CONTROL AND DISPATCH SERVICE FOR 2014 A. Fixed Charge Rate 22.770% (1)...

  11. Integrated System Transmission and Ancillary Services Rate Calculation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Transmission Rate 10 4.00 MillsKWh (L5 * 1000) 730 hours per month 7 RATE FOR SCHEDULING, SYSTEM CONTROL AND DISPATCH SERVICE FOR 2015 A. Fixed Charge Rate 21.652% (1)...

  12. 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study- Oklahoma City Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On June 18, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Oklahoma City, OK to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The agenda,...

  13. Financing a National Transmission Grid: What Are the Issues?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metcalf, Gilbert E.

    The United States requires a substantial investment in transmission capacity over the next several decades. This investment is needed to ensure system reliability, to accommodate growth in demand for electricity, and to ...

  14. Loss-Resilient Proactive Data Transmission in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Jianliang

    environments. Moreover, sensor nodes are con- strained by energy, computation power and storage. Existing to the destination without loss. However, existing reliable transmission techniques either are too costly forecast, structural condition assessment) require reliable data communications, such that a target

  15. ///COUNTER : an artistic system for the transmission of cultural energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincent de Paul, Jegan Joyston

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    My thesis introduces ///COUNTER as an artistic system for the transmission of cultural energy. The underlying concepts of ///COUNTER are derived directly from my work on energy access as developed through the eWheel and ...

  16. Designing a high-efficiency hydrostatic bicycle transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Socks, Matthew T. (Matthew Tristram)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrostatic bicycle drives use a working fluid instead of the common roller-chain to transmit power to the drive wheel. These transmissions are typically considered too inefficient for human power applications. An experiment ...

  17. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Texas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: EnergyPotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVCapacityPulaskiRAPID/BulkTransmission/Texas < RAPID‎ | BulkTransmission

  18. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Water Quality | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: EnergyPotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVCapacityPulaskiRAPID/BulkTransmission/Texas <RAPID/BulkTransmission/Water

  19. RAPID/BulkTransmission/Wyoming | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: EnergyPotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVCapacityPulaskiRAPID/BulkTransmission/TexasRAPID/BulkTransmission/Wyoming <

  20. Electricity transmission: an overview of the current debate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunekreeft, Gert; Neuhoff, Karsten; Newbery, David

    2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    is called on to perform an increasing role in supporting an effectively competitive power market. Both cross-border and internal transmission management demands raise a whole set of highly complex issues of both academic interest and policy relevance... transmission are very high, and the costs of somewhat over-building the network are rather modest, those charged with ensuring reliable supplies are likely to err on the side of too much rather than too little spare capacity. This further depresses...

  1. WAVE TRANSMISSION AND MOORING-FORCE CHARACTERISTICS OF PIPE-TIRE FLOATING BREAKWATERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Volker W.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Facility and Instrumentation a. Wave Tank . b. Have Gauge c.Procedures Experimental Results Wave~Transmission Data Page112 Appendix C - Detailed Wave-Transmission Diagrams . 121

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - absolute solar transmission Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    solar telescope. Keywords: EUV, transmission grating... transmission Measurements of DGS solar "white" light ... Source: Didkovsky, Leonid - Space Sciences Center, University of...

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - analytical transmission electron Sample...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    through a Slit Aperture E... ) We demonstrate optical control over the transmission of terahertz (THz) radiation through a single... can contribute to the transmission. A...

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - access cdma transmission Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    protocol (transmission scheduling) in O-CDMA... experimentally demonstrate a transmission scheduling algorithm to avoid congestion collapse in O-CDMA networks... access control in...

  5. Investor Relations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region service area.PortaldefaultIntroducing AuroraInvestor Relations

  6. On the vierbein formalism of general relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Mei

    2007-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Both the Einstein-Hilbert action and the Einstein equations are discussed under the absolute vierbein formalism. Taking advantage of this form, we prove that the "kinetic energy" term, i.e., the quadratic term of time derivative term, in the Lagrangian of the Einstein-Hilbert action is non-positive definitive. And then, we present two groups of coordinate conditions that lead to positive definitive kinetic energy term in the Lagrangian, as well as the corresponding actions with positive definitive kinetic energy term, respectively. Based on the ADM decomposition, the Hamiltonian representation and canonical quantization of general relativity taking advantage of the actions with positive definitive kinetic energy term are discussed; especially, the Hamiltonian constraints with positive definitive kinetic energy term are given, respectively. Finally, we present a group of gauge conditions such that there is not any second time derivative term in the ten Einstein equations.

  7. Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jianguo

    Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics October 20, 2014 text statistics 1 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Overview 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 2 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Outline 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 3 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Model

  8. Geomagnetic Storms and Long-Term Impacts on Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirkham, Harold; Makarov, Yuri V.; Dagle, Jeffery E.; DeSteese, John G.; Elizondo, Marcelo A.; Diao, Ruisheng

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory was commissioned to study the potential impact of a severe GIC event on the western U.S.-Canada power grid (referred to as the Western Interconnection). The study identified long transmission lines (length exceeding 150 miles) that did not include series capacitors. The basic assumption for the study is that a GIC is more likely to couple to long transmission lines, and that series capacitors would block the flow of the induced DC GIC. Power system simulations were conducted to evaluate impacts to the bulk power system if transformers on either end of these lines failed. The study results indicated that the Western Interconnection was not substantially at risk to GIC because of the relatively small number of transmission lines that met this criterion. This report also provides a summary of the Hydro-Qubec blackout on March 13, 1989, which was caused by a GIC. This case study delves into the failure mechanisms of that event, lessons learned, and preventive measures that have been implemented to minimize the likelihood of its reoccurrence. Finally, the report recommends that the electric power industry consider the adoption of new protective relaying approaches that will prevent severe GIC events from catastrophically damaging transformers. The resulting changes may increase the likelihood of smaller disruptions but should prevent an unlikely yet catastrophic national-level event.

  9. Oil price shocks and their short-and long-term effects on the Chinese economy Weiqi Tang a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, Adrian

    Oil price shocks and their short- and long-term effects on the Chinese economy Weiqi Tang a , Libo-correction model Oil-price shocks Price transmission mechanisms Investment Output Producer/consumer price index of oil-price shocks for the developed economies. However, there has been a lack of similar empirical

  10. Single-mode optical fiber for high-power, low-loss UV transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colombe, Yves; Wilson, Andrew C; Leibfried, Dietrich; Wineland, David J

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report large-mode-area solid-core photonic crystal fibers made from fused silica which resist ultraviolet (UV) solarization even at relatively high optical powers. Using a process of hydrogen loading and UV irradiation of the fibers, we demonstrate stable single-mode transmission for fiber output powers of 10 mW at 280 nm and 125 mW at 313 nm (limited only by the available laser power) over hundreds of hours. Fiber attenuation ranges from 0.87 dB/m to 0.13 dB/m at these wavelengths, and is unaffected by bending for radii above 50 mm.

  11. Single-mode optical fiber for high-power, low-loss UV transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yves Colombe; Daniel H. Slichter; Andrew C. Wilson; Dietrich Leibfried; David J. Wineland

    2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We report large-mode-area solid-core photonic crystal fibers made from fused silica that resist ultraviolet (UV) solarization even at relatively high optical powers. Using a process of hydrogen loading and UV irradiation of the fibers, we demonstrate stable single-mode transmission over hundreds of hours for fiber output powers of 10 mW at 280 nm and 125 mW at 313 nm (limited only by the available laser power). Fiber attenuation ranges from 0.9 dB/m to 0.13 dB/m at these wavelengths, and is unaffected by bending for radii above 50 mm.

  12. Direct quantum communication without actual transmission of the message qubits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chitra Shukla; Anirban Pathak

    2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently an orthogonal state based protocol of direct quantum communication without actual transmission of particles is proposed by Salih \\emph{et al.}{[}Phys. Rev. Lett. \\textbf{110} (2013) 170502{]} using chained quantum Zeno effect. As the no-transmission of particle claim is criticized by Vaidman {[}arXiv:1304.6689 (2013){]}, the condition (claim) of Salih \\emph{et al.} is weaken here to the extent that transmission of particles is allowed, but transmission of the message qubits (the qubits on which the secret information is encoded) is not allowed. Remaining within this weaker condition it is shown that there exists a large class of quantum states, that can be used to implement an orthogonal state based protocol of secure direct quantum communication using entanglement swapping, where actual transmission of the message qubits is not required. The security of the protocol originates from monogamy of entanglement. As the protocol can be implemented without using conjugate coding its security is independent of non-commutativity.

  13. Calendar Year study term 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    planet is in need of clean and renewable sources of energy such as wind, solar, geothermal, tidal and Renewable Energy Sources Electrical Power Engineering Study Term 6 Probability and Statistics Systems and biomass. Carleton University's program in Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering provides you

  14. Nucleon sigma term and quark condensate in nuclear matter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K. Tsushima; K. Saito; A. W. Thomas; A. Valcarce

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the bound nucleon sigma term and its effect on the quark condensate in nuclear matter. In the quark-meson coupling (QMC) model it is shown that the nuclear correction to the sigma term is small and negative. Thus, the correction decelerates the decrease of the quark condensate in nuclear matter. However, the quark condensate in nuclear matter is controlled primarily by the scalar-isoscalar sigma field of the model. It appreciably moderates the decrease relative to the leading term at densities around and larger than the normal nuclear matter density.

  15. Short-term energy outlook. Quarterly projections, Third quarter 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) prepares quarterly, short-term energy supply, demand, and price projections for publication in February, May, August, and November in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (Outlook). An annual supplement analyzes the performance of previous forecasts, compares recent projections with those of other forecasting services, and discusses current topics related to the short-term energy markets. The forecast period for this issue of the Outlook extends from the third quarter of 1995 through the fourth quarter of 1996. Values for the second quarter of 1995, however, are preliminary EIA estimates.

  16. Transmission Design at the National Level: Benefits, Risks and Possible Paths Forward

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) Dale Osborn, Consulting Advisor, Transmission Management, Midwest

  17. Transmission Pricing of Distributed Multilateral Energy Transactions to Ensure System Security and Guide Economic Dispatch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilic, Marija; Hsieh, Eric; Remanan, Prasad

    2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Transmission Pricing of Distributed Multilateral Energy Transactions to Ensure System Security and Guide Economic Dispatch...

  18. Dynamic Adaptation of Joint Transmission Power and Contention Window in VANET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weigle, Michele

    of transmission power is crucial. We propose to decrease the transmission power for high vehicle density or high penetration ratio and increase the transmission power for lower vehicle density or penetration ratioDynamic Adaptation of Joint Transmission Power and Contention Window in VANET 1 Danda B. Rawat, 2

  19. Characterization of Co-planar Silicon Transmission Lines with and without Slow-waveEffect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swaminathan, Madhavan

    Characterization of Co-planar Silicon Transmission Lines with and without Slow-waveEffect Woopoung and package transmission lines has been explained showing that the slow-wave mode cannot be represented only][2][3][4], characterization methods for package transmission lines have been applied to silicon transmission lines under

  20. A Study on Crosstalk Analysis in Aggregative Transmission Lines with Turning Vias Tapobrata Bandyopadhyay1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swaminathan, Madhavan

    A Study on Crosstalk Analysis in Aggregative Transmission Lines with Turning Vias Tapobrata and signal integrity in high-speed signal channels is extremely important. Transmission lines and vias transmission lines (4 mil width) of different lengths arranged in bundles. The eight transmission line bundles

  1. A Transmission-Constrained Unit Commitment Method Chung-Li Tseng, Shmuel S. Oren,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . A test problem involving more than 2500 transmission lines and 2200 buses is tested along with other test located in multiple areas that are interconnected via transmission lines. If the transmission constraints are not considered, the sched- ule obtained might cause some transmission lines to be overloaded. In this paper, we

  2. ECEN 720 High-Speed Links Circuits and Systems Lab1 -Transmission Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palermo, Sam

    1 ECEN 720 High-Speed Links Circuits and Systems Lab1 - Transmission Lines Objective To learn transmission lines and time-domain refectometer (TDR). Introduction Wires are used to transmit clocks and data data communication chip design, the wires are often treated as transmission lines. Proper transmission

  3. PHYSICAL REVIEW B 88, 219904(E) (2013) Erratum: Parametric amplification in Josephson junction embedded transmission lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedland, Lazar

    embedded transmission lines [Phys. Rev. B 87, 144301 (2013)] Oded Yaakobi, Lazar Friedland, Chris Macklin

  4. Index Terms Links A B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    113 line relaxation. 118 119 relation to eigen values. 101. S.I.P. ... Eigenvalue definition of. 101 of Jacobi iteration matrix ... semi-implicit. 162. Model, reservoir.

  5. Multimode circuit QED with hybrid metamaterial transmission lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel J. Egger; Frank K. Wilhelm

    2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum transmission lines are a central to superconducting and hybrid quantum computing. Parallel to these developments are those of left-handed meta-materials. They have a wide variety of applications in photonics from the microwave to the visible range such as invisibility cloaks and perfect flat lenses. For classical guided microwaves, left-handed transmission lines have been proposed and studied on the macroscopic scale. We combine these ideas in presenting a left-handed/right-handed hybrid transmission line for applications in quantum optics on a chip. The resulting system allows circuit QED to reach a new regime: multi-mode ultra-strong coupling. Out of the many potential applications of this novel device, we discuss two; the preparation of multipartite entangled states and its use as a quantum simulator for the spin-boson model where a quantum phase transition is reached up to finite size-effects.

  6. Case study on the US superconducting power transmission program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammel, E.F.

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After the 1911 discovery of superconductivity (the abrupt loss of electrical resistance in certain materials at very low temperatures), attempts were made to make practical use of this phenomenon. Initially these attempts failed, but in the early 1960s (after 50 years of research) they succeeded. By then, the projected growth in the production and consumption of electrical energy required much higher capacity power transmission capabilities than were available or likely to become available from incremental improvements in existing transmission technology. Since superconductors were capable in principle of transmitting huge amounts of power, research programs to develop and demonstrate superconducting transmission lines were initiated in the US and abroad. The history of the US program, including the participants, their objectives, funding and progress made, is outlined. Since the R&D program was terminated before the technology was completely demonstrated, the reasons for and consequences of this action are discussed in a final section.

  7. Electric vehicle drive train with direct coupling transmission

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tankersley, J.B.; Boothe, R.W.; Konrad, C.E.

    1995-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    An electric vehicle drive train includes an electric motor and an associated speed sensor, a transmission operable in a speed reduction mode or a direct coupled mode, and a controller responsive to the speed sensor for operating the transmission in the speed reduction mode when the motor is below a predetermined value, and for operating the motor in the direct coupled mode when the motor speed is above a predetermined value. The controller reduces the speed of the motor, such as by regeneratively braking the motor, when changing from the speed reduction mode to the direct coupled mode. The motor speed may be increased when changing from the direct coupled mode to the speed reduction mode. The transmission is preferably a single stage planetary gearbox. 6 figures.

  8. Electric vehicle drive train with direct coupling transmission

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tankersley, Jerome B. (Fredericksburg, VA); Boothe, Richard W. (Roanoke, VA); Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An electric vehicle drive train includes an electric motor and an associated speed sensor, a transmission operable in a speed reduction mode or a direct coupled mode, and a controller responsive to the speed sensor for operating the transmission in the speed reduction mode when the motor is below a predetermined value, and for operating the motor in the direct coupled mode when the motor speed is above a predetermined value. The controller reduces the speed of the motor, such as by regeneratively braking the motor, when changing from the speed reduction mode to the direct coupled mode. The motor speed may be increased when changing from the direct coupled mode to the speed reduction mode. The transmission is preferably a single stage planetary gearbox.

  9. The aftermath of primary power and its implications for independent transmission in PJM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrah, Elias G.; Elstein, S. Shamai

    2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent decision by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in ''Primary Power'' will have fundamental ramifications for transmission investment in the far-reaching PJM footprint. This decision, which is pending on rehearing and will likely be appealed, will determine whether transmission projects that are entitled to regulated rate recovery under the PJM tariff can only be built by incumbent transmission owners and whether new independent transmission entities are limited to building transmission projects on a ''merchant'' basis. (author)

  10. Electrical and Biological Effects of Transmission Lines: A Review.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Jack M.

    1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This review describes the electrical properties of a-c and d-c transmission lines and the resulting effects on plants, animals, and people. Methods used by BPA to mitigate undesirable effects are also discussed. Although much of the information in this review pertains to high-voltage transmission lines, information on distribution lines and electrical appliances is included. The electrical properties discussed are electric and magnetic fields and corona: first for alternating-current (a-c) lines, then for direct current (d-c).

  11. VIMOS total transmission profiles for broad-band filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Mieske; M. Rejkuba; S. Bagnulo; C. Izzo; G. Marconi

    2007-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    VIMOS is a wide-field imager and spectrograph mounted on UT3 at the VLT, whose FOV consists of four 7'x8' quadrants. Here we present the measurements of total transmission profiles -- i.e. the throughput of telescope + instrument -- for the broad band filters U, B, V, R, I, and z for each of its four quadrants. Those measurements can also be downloaded from the public VIMOS web-page. The transmission profiles are compared with previous estimates from the VIMOS consortium.

  12. ON THE CONTINUITY OF IMAGES BY TRANSMISSION IMAGING Abstract. Transmission imaging is an important imaging technique which is widely used in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soatto, Stefano

    ON THE CONTINUITY OF IMAGES BY TRANSMISSION IMAGING CHUNLIN WU Abstract. Transmission imaging imaging principle is quite different from that of reflection imaging used in our everyday life. As well scholars studied the application of TV regularization to processing images generated by transmission

  13. Relational Database SQL: Querying the Relational DB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    : auto-completion and command history Weigang Qiu Relational Database & SQL #12;Relational Database SQLRelational Database SQL: Querying the Relational DB Workshop: the "genome" Database Relational Database & SQL Weigang Qiu Department of Biological Sciences Hunter College BIOL 425 Computational

  14. Energy-water analysis of the 10-year WECC transmission planning study cases.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Passell, Howard David; Castillo, Cesar; Moreland, Barbara

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2011 the Department of Energy's Office of Electricity embarked on a comprehensive program to assist our Nation's three primary electric interconnections with long term transmission planning. Given the growing concern over water resources in the western U.S. the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) requested assistance with integrating water resource considerations into their broader electric transmission planning. The result is a project with three overarching objectives: (1) Develop an integrated Energy-Water Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable planners in the Western Interconnection to analyze the potential implications of water stress for transmission and resource planning. (2) Pursue the formulation and development of the Energy-Water DSS through a strongly collaborative process between the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC), Western Governors Association (WGA), the Western States Water Council (WSWC) and their associated stakeholder teams. (3) Exercise the Energy-Water DSS to investigate water stress implications of the transmission planning scenarios put forward by WECC, WGA, and WSWC. The foundation for the Energy-Water DSS is Sandia National Laboratories Energy-Power-Water Simulation (EPWSim) model (Tidwell et al. 2009). The modeling framework targets the shared needs of energy and water producers, resource managers, regulators, and decision makers at the federal, state and local levels. This framework provides an interactive environment to explore trade-offs, and 'best' alternatives among a broad list of energy/water options and objectives. The decision support framework is formulated in a modular architecture, facilitating tailored analyses over different geographical regions and scales (e.g., state, county, watershed, interconnection). An interactive interface allows direct control of the model and access to real-time results displayed as charts, graphs and maps. The framework currently supports modules for calculating water withdrawal and consumption for current and planned electric power generation; projected water demand from competing use sectors; and, surface and groundwater availability. WECC's long range planning is organized according to two target planning horizons, a 10-year and a 20-year. This study supports WECC in the 10-year planning endeavor. In this case the water implications associated with four of WECC's alternative future study cases (described below) are calculated and reported. In future phases of planning we will work with WECC to craft study cases that aim to reduce the thermoelectric footprint of the interconnection and/or limit production in the most water stressed regions of the West.

  15. Renewable Energy Specifications, Testing and Certification Terms...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Specifications, Testing and Certification Terms of Reference Agency...

  16. Transaction Based Power Flow Analysis For Transmission Utilization Allocation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    transactions as well as the effect of reactive power on transmission losses and active power flows. Two the electric power industry moves into an era of supply competition and consumer choice, the power system electricity market at the ex ante phase; (ii) MW generations are decided by bilateral contracts and other

  17. Computer controlled synchronous shifting of an automatic transmission

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Davis, Roy I. (9214 Abbey La., Ypsilanti, MI 48198); Patil, Prabhakar B. (10294 W. Outer Dr., Detroit, MI 48223)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A multiple forward speed automatic transmission produces its lowest forward speed ratio when a hydraulic clutch and hydraulic brake are disengaged and a one-way clutch connects a ring gear to the transmission casing. Second forward speed ratio results when the hydraulic clutch is engaged to connect the ring gear to the planetary carrier of a second gear set. Reverse drive and regenerative operation result when an hydraulic brake fixes the planetary and the direction of power flow is reversed. Various sensors produce signals representing the torque at the output of the transmission or drive wheels, the speed of the power source, and the hydraulic pressure applied to a clutch and brake. A control algorithm produces input data representing a commanded upshift, a commanded downshift, a commanded transmission output torque, and commanded power source speed. A microprocessor processes the inputs and produces a response to them in accordance with the execution of a control algorithm. Output or response signals cause selective engagement and disengagement of the clutch and brake at a rate that satisfies the requirements for a short gear ratio change and smooth torque transfer between the friction elements.

  18. Computer controllable synchronous shifting of an automatic transmission

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Davis, R.I.; Patil, P.B.

    1989-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A multiple forward speed automatic transmission produces its lowest forward speed ratio when a hydraulic clutch and hydraulic brake are disengaged and a one-way clutch connects a ring gear to the transmission casing. Second forward speed ratio results when the hydraulic clutch is engaged to connect the ring gear to the planetary carrier of a second gear set. Reverse drive and regenerative operation result when an hydraulic brake fixes the planetary and the direction of power flow is reversed. Various sensors produce signals representing the torque at the output of the transmission or drive wheels, the speed of the power source, and the hydraulic pressure applied to a clutch and brake. A control algorithm produces input data representing a commanded upshift, a commanded downshift, a commanded transmission output torque, and commanded power source speed. A microprocessor processes the inputs and produces a response to them in accordance with the execution of a control algorithm. Output or response signals cause selective engagement and disengagement of the clutch and brake at a rate that satisfies the requirements for a short gear ratio change and smooth torque transfer between the friction elements. 6 figs.

  19. Demonstration of Electrical Dispersion Compensation of Single Sideband Optical Transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddadi, Hamed

    Demonstration of Electrical Dispersion Compensation of Single Sideband Optical Transmission P. M describe a demonstration of electrical chromatic dispersion compensation of 10 Gb/s single sideband optical signals. Eye-opening and bit error rates of less than 10-10 were achieved after compensation of -2040 ps

  20. EG G Idaho, Inc. communication system test for image transmission

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kocsis, F.J.; Rando, B.A.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper and corresponding NIRMA presentation deals with the testing of the installed network for the transmission of record indexing information and associated images. Details cover the fiber optic and networking specifications, type and volume of record data transmitted, time and communication specifications for the system, and optical test equipment utilized.

  1. Reliable Packet Transmissions in Multipath Routed Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valaee, Shahrokh

    loss (PPL) in wireless networks. Path diversification uses erasure codes and multiple paths. We show that for low PPL, blind load balancing outperforms single-path transmission. In the second how to distribute the fragments for minimized PPL, and maximized efficiency given a bound on PPL. We

  2. An Energy Transmission and Distribution Network Using Electric Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Bing

    An Energy Transmission and Distribution Network Using Electric Vehicles Ping Yi, Ting Zhu, Bo Jiang-to-grid provides a viable approach that feeds the battery energy stored in electric vehicles (EVs) back biggest greenhouse gas producer in the world [1]. Many countries have been developing electric vehicles

  3. Contingent Transmission Rights in the Standard Market Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldick, Ross

    (SMD), a market design in which congestion management is based on locational marginal pricing (LMP conditions such as availability and cost of energy at particular locations. In the transition to a single, transmission rights that provide an equivalent hedge against future locational congestion costs.1 The purpose

  4. Estimating the Actual Cost of Transmission System Congestion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the utility's generation, load and tie-line flows over the study time period. Due to the common lack by most be used by a utility to estimate the actual cost of congestion on its transmission system using limited interconnected grid (i.e., the Eastern Interconnect), costs for the utility's generators, and then hourly values

  5. Transmission Completion Time Minimization in an Energy Harvesting System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulukus, Sennur

    Transmission Completion Time Minimization in an Energy Harvesting System Jing Yang Sennur Ulukus-user energy harvesting wireless communication system. In this system, both the data packets and the harvested time is minimized. Under a deterministic system setting, we assume that the energy harvesting times

  6. Energy Efficiency of Future Networks Energy Efficient Transmission in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulukus, Sennur

    Energy Efficiency of Future Networks Part 1: Energy Efficient Transmission in Classical Wireless #12;Goals Energy Efficiency: What it meant last decade; what it means today From a communication network design perspective what should we care about for energy efficient design of cellular

  7. EIS-0114: Fall River/Lower Valley Transmission System Reinforcement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Bonneville Power Administration developed this EIS to explore reinforcing the electrical transmission system in southeastern Idaho by adding a 161-kilovolt partly single- and double-circuit line from the Goshen to Drummond Substations in order to maintain reliable electric service in the area.

  8. TRANSMISSION EFFECTS IN MARKET POWER ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICITY MARKETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    TRANSMISSION EFFECTS IN MARKET POWER ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICITY MARKETS Thomas J. Overbye George Gross-weber@uiuc.edu Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, IL 61801 ABSTRACT This paper discusses the assessment of market power in bulk electricity markets, with the explicit

  9. EA-1960: Townsite Solar Project Transmission Line, Clark County, Nevada

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Bureau of Land Management, with Western Area Power Administration as a cooperating agency, prepared an EA to evaluate potential impacts of a proposal to build and operate a 180-MW photovoltaic facility; a 220, 230, or 500 kV transmission line; and associated facilities in Clark County, Nevada.

  10. Voice Quality Evaluation for Wireless Transmission with ROHC Stephan Rein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reisslein, Martin

    are the compression gain (reduction in header and total packet size), the voice quality, and the delay jit- terVoice Quality Evaluation for Wireless Transmission with ROHC Stephan Rein Dept. of Electrical Eng and the voice qualities using a wide array of objective voice quality met- rics including SNR metrics, spectral

  11. Voice Quality Evaluation for Wireless Transmission with ROHC (extended version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reisslein, Martin

    (reduction in header and total packet size), the voice quality, and the delay jitter. Importantly, we employ1 Voice Quality Evaluation for Wireless Transmission with ROHC (extended version and software code encoded voice with ROHC over a wireless link. We first present a tutorial on voice quality evaluation. We

  12. Identification and definition of unbundled electric generation and transmission services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirby, B.; Hirst, E.; Vancoevering, J.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    State and federal regulators, private and public utilities, large and small customers, power brokers and marketers, and others are engaged in major debates about the future structure of the electric industry. Although the outcomes are far from certain, it seems clear that customers will have much greater choices about the electric services they purchase and from whom they buy these services. This report examines the ``ancillary`` services that are today buried within the typical vertically integrated utility. These ancillary services support and make possible the provision of the basic services of generating capacity, energy supply, and power delivery. These ancillary services include: Management of generating units; reserve generating capacity to follow variations in customer loads, to provide capacity and energy when generating units or transmission lines suddenly fall, to maintain electric-system stability, and to provide local-area security; transmission-system monitoring and control; replacement of real power and energy losses; reactive-power management and voltage regulation; transmission reserves; repair and maintenance of the transmission network; metering, billing, and communications; and assurance of appropriate levels of power quality. Our focus in this report, the first output from a larger Oak Ridge National Laboratory project, is on identification and definition of these services. Later work in this project will examine more closely the costs and pricing options for each service.

  13. High Voltage DC Transmission 1.0 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    1 High Voltage DC Transmission 1.0 Introduction HVDC has been applied in electric power systems for many years now. Figure 1 illustrates worldwide many of the HVDC applications [1]. Fig. 1 ABB provides a webpage which summarizes HVDC projects by type and capacity or by commissioning year [2]. Wikipedia [3

  14. High Voltage DC Transmission 2 1.0 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    1 High Voltage DC Transmission 2 1.0 Introduction Interconnecting HVDC within an AC system requires on use of switching devices collectively referred to in the HVDC community as valves. Valves may be non. Fig. 1 There have been three types of devices for implementing HVDC converter circuits: mercury

  15. EIS-0090: Fort Peck-Havre Transmission Line Project, Montana

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energys Western Area Power Administration prepared this statement to assess the potential environmental and socioeconomic implications of its proposed action to construct and operate a 230kV transmission line from Fort Peck to Havre, Montana, with three intermediate interconnecting substations.

  16. Cross-Species Pathogen Transmission and Disease Emergence in Primates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Amy B.

    to their rapidly growing human populations, close proximity to apes, and population centers with high density and Ebola, are zoonotic, having shifted from wildlife populations. Critical questions for predicting disease is greatest. We find that central Africa and Amazonia are hotspots for cross-species transmission events

  17. Wireless Power Transmission An Obscure History and a Bright Future?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    La Rosa, Andres H.

    to the distant rectenna site over a distance of 1.6 km. The dc output was 30 kW." [2] [5] #12;Solar Power transmission. Solar Power Satellite to Earth Terminal. Desert Solar Power Farm to Civilization. Earth Terminal solution to the coming power shortage . . . Solar Power Satellites (SPS) (4) #12;Solar Power Satellites (5

  18. COMPLETE FAULT ANALYSIS FOR LONG TRANSMISSION LINE USING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    line are the data sources for this scheme. The paper derives a specific feature which equals to zero sys- tem based approach is described in (Girgis and Johns, 1996) and a phasor measurement unit (PMU of the data for this approach. Data from both ends of transmission line are used to achieve high accuracy

  19. Radiation-Hard ASICs for LHC Optical Data Transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gan, K. K.

    Radiation-Hard ASICs for LHC Optical Data Transmission K.K. Gan, H.P. Kagan, R.D. Kass, J.R. Moore damage. We have designed three ASICs for possible applications in the optical links for the new pixel, D.S. Smith Abstract­We have designed three ASICs for possible applications in the optical links

  20. Extension of Pierce model to multiple transmission lines interacting with an electron beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tamma, Venkata Ananth

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A possible route towards achieving high power microwave devices is through the use of novel slow-wave structures employing multiple coupled transmission lines (MTLs) whose behavior when coupled to electron beams have not been sufficiently explored. We present the extension of the one-dimensional linearized Pierce theory to MTLs coupled to a single electron beam. We develop multiple formalisms to calculate the k-{\\omega} dispersion relation of the system and find that the existence of a growing wave solution is always guaranteed if the electron propagation constant is larger than or equal to the largest propagation constant of the MTL system. We verify our findings with illustrative examples which bring to light unique properties of the system in which growing waves were found to exist within finite bands of the electron propagation constant and discuss possible approach to improve the gain. By treating the beam-MTL interaction as distributed dependent current generators in the MTL, we derive relations charact...