National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for regular midgrade premium

  1. U.S. Motor Gasoline Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Formulation/ Grade: Gasoline, Average Regular Gasoline Midgrade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Conventional, Average Conventional Regular Conventional Midgrade Conventional Premium Oxygenated, Average Oxygenated Regular Oxygenated Midgrade Oxygenated Premium Reformulated, Average Reformulated Regular Reformulated Midgrade Reformulated Premium Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Formulation/ Grade Sales Type

  2. When to Purchase Premium Efficiency Motors

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to Purchase Premium Efficiency Motors Consider premium effciency motors for new motor procurements when specifying motor-driven equipment, repairing or rewinding failed standard effciency motors, or as replacements for older, operable lower effciency motors. This is particularly important when the existing motor has been rewound or is oversized and underloaded. In August 2001, the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) introduced a premium energy-effciency motor standard. Under

  3. Mississippi Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4,659.1 4,652.0 4,892.6 4,701.5 4,446.6 4,387.6 1983-2015 Regular 4,124.7 4,162.7 4,452.2 4,287.5 3,984.1 3,986.1 1983-2015 Conventional Regular 4,124.7 4,162.7 4,452.2 4,287.5 3,984.1 3,986.1 1993-2015 Oxygenated Regular - - - - - - 1993-2015 Reformulated Regular - - - - - - 1993-2015 Midgrade 75.9 76.8 71.8 71.6 69.7 71.4 1988-2015 Conventional Midgrade 75.9 76.8 71.8 71.6 69.7 71.4 1993-2015 Oxygenated Midgrade - - - - - - 1993-2015 Reformulated Midgrade - - - - - - 1993-2015 Premium 458.5

  4. Sandia Energy - Price Premiums for Solar Home Sales

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Price Premiums for Solar Home Sales Home Renewable Energy Energy Partnership News News & Events Photovoltaic Solar Systems Analysis Price Premiums for Solar Home Sales Previous...

  5. Premium Efficiency Motor Selection and Application Guide - A...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Premium Efficiency Motor Selection and Application Guide - A Handbook for Industry Premium Efficiency Motor Selection and Application Guide - A Handbook for Industry This handbook...

  6. Avoid Nuisance Tripping with Premium Efficiency Motors

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In most cases, upgrading to premium efficiency motors has no noticeable impact on the electrical system. However, in rare cases nuisance trips can occur during start-up. Addressing this topic requires an understanding of starting current.This tip sheet discusses how to avoid nuisance tripping with premium efficiency motors and provides suggested actions.

  7. Avoid Nuisance Tripping with Premium Efficiency Motors

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Avoid Nuisance Tripping with Premium Efficiency Motors In most cases, upgrading to premium effciency motors has no noticeable impact on the electrical system. However, in rare cases nuisance trips can occur during start-up. Addressing this topic requires an understanding of starting current. The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) recognizes and describes two components of starting current: instantaneous peak inrush and locked rotor current (LRC). Nuisance tripping primarily has

  8. U.S. Sales for Resale, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983-2014 by Grade Regular NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983-2014 Midgrade NA NA NA NA NA NA 1989-2014 Premium NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983-2014 by Formulation Conventional NA NA NA NA NA NA 1994-2014 Oxygenated - - - - - - 1994-2014 Reformulated NA NA NA NA NA NA

  9. Increasing Biofuel Deployment through Renewable Super Premium

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Demonstration & Market Transformation Platform Tim Theiss, ORNL Bob McCormick, NREL Jeongwoo Han, ANL Increasing Biofuel Deployment through Renewable Super Premium 2015 Bioenergy Technologies Office Peer Review March 23, 2015 2 | Bioenergy Technologies Office Project Goals are Aligned with DMT & BETO Goals 2025 CAFE Standards (U.S. EPA and U.S. NHTSA standards) FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS 70% NO x & PM, 85% NMOG < 10 ppm sulfur in gasoline (U.S. EPA Tier 3 regulations) EMISSIONS

  10. Premium Analyse Company Product Overview | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Premium Analyse Company Product Overview Premium Analyse Company Product Overview Presentation from the 34th Tritium Focus Group Meeting held in Idaho Falls, Idaho on September 23-25, 2014. PDF icon Premium Analyse Company Product Overview More Documents & Publications Improved Monitor Design and Configuration for Reducing Reported Tritium Discharges from the Orphee Research Reactor Test Results For Physical Separation Of Tritium From Noble Gases And It's Implications For Sensitivity And

  11. Premium Efficiency Motor Selection and Application Guide - A Handbook for

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Industry | Department of Energy Premium Efficiency Motor Selection and Application Guide - A Handbook for Industry Premium Efficiency Motor Selection and Application Guide - A Handbook for Industry This handbook informs new motor purchase decisions by identifying energy and cost savings that can come from replacing motors with premium efficiency units. The handbook provides an overview of current motor use in the industrial sector, including the development of motor efficiency standards,

  12. When to Purchase Premium Efficiency Motors | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Consider premium efficiency motors for new motor procurements when specifying motor-driven equipment, repairing or rewinding failed standard efficiency motors, or as replacements for older, operable lower efficiency motors. This is particularly important when the existing motor has been rewound or is oversized and underloaded. This tip sheet provides example calculation of potential savings and offers suggested actions. Motor Systems Tip Sheet #1 PDF icon When to Purchase Premium Efficiency

  13. Petroleum Marketing Monthly

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Prices of Petroleum Products U.S. Energy Information Administration | Petroleum Marketing Monthly Table 31. Refi ner motor gasoline prices by grade, sales type, PAD District, and state dollars per gallon excluding taxes Geographic area month Regular Midgrade Premium All grades Sales to end users Sales for resale Sales to end users Sales for resale Sales to end users Sales for resale Sales to end users Sales for resale Through retail outlets Other end users[a] Through retail outlets Other end

  14. U.S. Sales to End Users Prices for Motor Gasoline

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Average Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Average DTW Rack Bulk Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Formulation/ Grade Sales Type Area Jul-15 Aug-15 Sep-15 Oct-15 Nov-15 Dec-15 View History Gasoline, Average - - - - - - 1983-2015 Regular Gasoline - - - - - - 1983-2015 Midgrade Gasoline - - - - - - 1988-2015 Premium Gasoline - - - - - - 1983-2015 Conventional, Average

  15. Guidance on Waivers of Premium Pay To Meet A Critical Need | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Energy Guidance on Waivers of Premium Pay To Meet A Critical Need Guidance on Waivers of Premium Pay To Meet A Critical Need This document contains guidance on the waiver of the biweekly limit on premium pay for overtime work that is critical to an agency's mission PDF icon Guidance on Waivers of Premium Pay To Meet A Critical Need Responsible Contacts Bruce Murray HR Policy Advisor E-mail bruce.murray@hq.doe.gov Phone 202-586-3372 More Documents & Publications Waiver of the Bi-Weekly

  16. Clean, premium-quality chars: Demineralized and carbon enriched

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, G.V.

    1992-01-03

    The goal of this project is to develop a bench-scale procedure to produce clean, desulfurized, premium-quality chars from the Illinois basin coals. This goal is achieved by utilizing the effective capabilty of smectites in combination with methane to manipulate the char yields. The major objectives are: to determine the optimum water- ground particle size for the maximum reduction of pyrite and minerals by the selective-bitumen agglomeration process; to evaluate the type of smectite and its interlamellar cation which enhances the premium-quality char yields; to find the mode of dispersion of smectites in clean coal which retards the agglomeration of char during mild gasification; to probe the conditions that maximize the desulfurized clean-char yields under a combination of methane+oxygen or helium+oxygen; to characterize and accomplish a material balance of chars, liquids, and gases produced during mild gasification; to identify the conditions which reject dehydrated smectites from char by the gravitational separation technique; and to determine the optimum seeding of chars with polymerized maltene for flammability and transportation.

  17. EXC-12-0006- In the Matter of Premium Quality Lighting, Inc.

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On July 27, 2012, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Premium Quality Lighting, Inc. (PQL) for relief from the provisions of 10 C.F.R. Part 430, Energy Conservation...

  18. Premium Efficiency Motor Selection And Application Guide: A Guidebook for Industry

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PREMIUM EFFICIENCY MOTOR SELECTION AND APPLICATION GUIDE A HANDBOOK FOR INDUSTRY PREMIUM EFFICIENCY MOTOR SELECTION AND APPLICATION GUIDE DISCLAIMER This publication was prepared by the Washington State University Energy Program for the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Neither the United States, the U.S. Department of Energy, the Copper Development Association, the Washington State University Energy Program, the National Electrical Manufacturers

  19. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District and State, 1986-Present (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year Regular Midgrade Premium All Grades Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale United States 1986 ...................................... 63.6 52.9 NA NA 74.6 61.7 64.2 53.8 1987 ...................................... 67.0 57.2 NA NA 78.8

  20. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Premium All Grades Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Other End Users a Through Retail Outlets Other End Users a Through Retail Outlets Other End Users a Through Retail Outlets Other End Users a United States January

  1. U.S. Sales for Resale, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Total Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Total DTW Rack Bulk Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Sales Type Area Jul-15 Aug-15 Sep-15 Oct-15 Nov-15 Dec-15 View History Motor Gasoline NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983-2015 by Grade Regular NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983-2015 Midgrade NA NA NA NA NA NA 1988-2015 Premium NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983-2015 by Formulation Conventional NA NA

  2. Petroleum Marketing Monthly

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Refi ner motor gasoline prices by grade, sales type, PAD District, and state dollars per gallon excluding taxes Geographic area month Regular Midgrade Premium All grades Sales to end users Sales for resale Sales to end users Sales for resale Sales to end users Sales for resale Sales to end users Sales for resale Through retail outlets Other end users[a] Through retail outlets Other end users[a] Through retail outlets Other end users[a] Through retail outlets Other end users[a] United States

  3. EIA-878 Motor Gasoline Price Survey - Reference Guide

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8 Motor Gasoline Price Survey - Reference Guide For the purposes of the Motor Gasoline Price Survey (EIA-878), prices are collected for the following gasoline grades as defined by octane rating and ethanol content (ranging from no ethanol through up to 10% ethanol). At this time, we do not collect prices for E15 or above. Grade Octane Rating Ethanol Content Regular 85, 86, or 87 Contains no ethanol (E0) to Contains up to 10% ethanol (E10) Midgrade 88, 89, or 90 E0 to E10 Premium 91 or higher E0

  4. Regular, Postdoc and Student Hires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Regular, Postdocs, Students Regular, Postdoc and Student Hires Employees and retirees are the building blocks of the Lab's success. Our employees get to contribute to the most pressing issues facing the nation. Contact Us (505) 667-4451, Option 5 Email The New Hire process, including the official pre-arrival period, does not begin until you receive and accept your written offer letter. Pre-Arrival New Hire Process Benefit Options For your convenience, download the New Employee App from iTunes

  5. Proposed premium diesel fuel spec elicits calls for tougher, better defined parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peckham, J.

    1998-01-01

    The debate over the definition of premium diesel fuel - what it is and what it should be - is heating up in industry circles. A number of automotive associations, additive makers and standards-setting organizations have jumped into the fray, and the fight is likely to turn volcanic when it comes down to deciding exactly what will constitute a premium diesel and how its properties will be measured. This story details some recent developments in and responses to the ongoing conflict. The Engine Manufacturers Association (EMA), representing 33 international diesel engine makers, recently launched a survey of U.S. diesel fuel marketers to see which ones will offer a fuel meeting EMA`s revised {open_quotes}FQP-1A{close_quotes} premium diesel fuel recommendations. Following the survey, EMA intends to publicize which companies offer such a fuel. The EMA premium fuel specifications are much tougher than the US standard ASTM D 975 fuel and tougher than the newly proposed {open_quotes}premium{close_quotes} diesel fuel from the National Conference of Weights & Measures (NCWM) task force. Earlier this year, Amoco became the first (and so far only) US refiner to offer a fuel meeting all the FQP specifications, but only in certain Midwest markets.

  6. DOE Premium Class Travel Report for FY 09 through FY 13 | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Premium Class Travel Report for FY 09 through FY 13 DOE Premium Class Travel Report for FY 09 through FY 13 This report was provided to the FOIA office in response to several FOIA requests. PDF icon DOEPremiumClassTravelReportsFY09-FY13.pdf More Documents & Publications ISSUANCE 2015-07-15: Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedure for Refrigerated Bottled or Canned Beverage Vending Machines, Final Rule Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient Class 8 Highway Vehicle

  7. Create a Consortium and Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank Rusinko; John Andresen; Jennifer E. Hill; Harold H. Schobert; Bruce G. Miller

    2006-01-01

    The objective of these projects was to investigate alternative technologies for non-fuel uses of coal. Special emphasis was placed on developing premium carbon products from coal-derived feedstocks. A total of 14 projects, which are the 2003 Research Projects, are reported herein. These projects were categorized into three overall objectives. They are: (1) To explore new applications for the use of anthracite in order to improve its marketability; (2) To effectively minimize environmental damage caused by mercury emissions, CO{sub 2} emissions, and coal impounds; and (3) To continue to increase our understanding of coal properties and establish coal usage in non-fuel industries. Research was completed in laboratories throughout the United States. Most research was performed on a bench-scale level with the intent of scaling up if preliminary tests proved successful. These projects resulted in many potential applications for coal-derived feedstocks. These include: (1) Use of anthracite as a sorbent to capture CO{sub 2} emissions; (2) Use of anthracite-based carbon as a catalyst; (3) Use of processed anthracite in carbon electrodes and carbon black; (4) Use of raw coal refuse for producing activated carbon; (5) Reusable PACs to recycle captured mercury; (6) Use of combustion and gasification chars to capture mercury from coal-fired power plants; (7) Development of a synthetic coal tar enamel; (8) Use of alternative binder pitches in aluminum anodes; (9) Use of Solvent Extracted Carbon Ore (SECO) to fuel a carbon fuel cell; (10) Production of a low cost coal-derived turbostratic carbon powder for structural applications; (11) Production of high-value carbon fibers and foams via the co-processing of a low-cost coal extract pitch with well-dispersed carbon nanotubes; (12) Use of carbon from fly ash as metallurgical carbon; (13) Production of bulk carbon fiber for concrete reinforcement; and (14) Characterizing coal solvent extraction processes. Although some of the projects funded did not meet their original goals, the overall objectives of the CPCPC were completed as many new applications for coal-derived feedstocks have been researched. Future research in many of these areas is necessary before implementation into industry.

  8. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to...

  9. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to...

  10. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  11. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Table 39. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  12. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Table 39. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  13. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  14. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  15. Price of Motor Gasoline Through Retail Outlets

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    & Stocks by State (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data Series: Retail Price - Motor Gasoline Retail Price - Regular Gasoline Retail Price - Midgrade Gasoline Retail Price...

  16. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, and PAD District (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users...

  17. Increasing Biofuel Deployment and Utilization through Development of Renewable Super Premium: Infrastructure Assessment

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Increasing Biofuel Deployment and Utilization through Development of Renewable Super Premium: Infrastructure Assessment K. Moriarty National Renewable Energy Laboratory M. Kass and T. Theiss Oak Ridge National Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-5400-61684 November 2014 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC This report is available at no cost from the National

  18. Selling Into the Sun: Price Premium Analysis of a Multi-State Dataset of Solar Homes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Homes with solar photovoltaic (PV) systems have multiplied in the United States recently, reaching more than half a million in 2014, in part due to plummeting PV costs and innovative financing options. As PV systems become an increasingly common feature of U.S. homes, the ability to assess the value of these homes appropriately will become increasingly important. At the same time, capturing the value of PV to homes will be important for facilitating a robust residential PV market. Appraisers and real estate agents have made strides toward valuing PV homes, and several limited studies have suggested the presence of PV home premiums; however, gaps remain in understanding these premiums for housing markets nationwide. To fill these gaps, researchers from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and their collaborators from other institutions conducted the most comprehensive PV home premium analysis to date. The study more than doubles the number of PV home sales previously analyzed, examines transactions in eight states, and spans the years 2002–2013. The results impart confidence that PV consistently adds value across a variety of states, housing and PV markets, and home types.

  19. An Investigation into Variational Nonlocal Regularization in...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Regularization in Finite Deformational Elasticity. Authors: Foulk, James W., III ; Mota, Alejandro ; Ostien, Jakob ; O'Connor, Devin Publication Date: 2012-10-01 OSTI...

  20. A one-time opportunity to expand the market for premium efficiency motors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, F.; Tumidaj, L.; Hoernlein, D.; Coakley, S.

    1997-07-01

    A mid-Atlantic utility conducted a detailed research study on their motors market. The study showed that their motor loads come mostly from motors under 50 horsepower, and predominantly from industry. The proportion of premium-efficiency motor sales is very low relative to other areas which, unlike this utility's service territory, have a history of rebate programs. Most sales in this utility's territory are for replacement motors. Manufacturers are planning to create new lines of motors which meet the 1997 federal minimum motor-efficiency manufacturing standard, but are less efficient than premium motors. Few of these motors are on the market yet. The mandatory federal efficiency standard creates a unique, one-time situation where premium-efficiency motors will be a better-established and more familiar product among customers and vendors than less efficient motors. The utility has begun a motors rebate and technical assistance program which is intended to use this one-time opportunity to significantly expand the market for premium motors. Rebates are tied to the new Consortium for Energy Efficiency motor standards to ensure a common message to manufacturers among utilities. While the majority of premium motors available locally already meet the standard, this will encourage manufacturers to bring the rest of their offerings in line. Like many motors programs, this program will offer rebates, marketing, and technical assistance. However, the program design calls for a short-term (three year), very intense effort, including a rebate set at 100% of incremental cost, a short-term vendor bonus, and intensive marketing to large customers. Additionally, the large savings per motor in 1997 (when the baseline is inefficient standard motors) will justify a more generous payment in the first year. Many other US utility motor rebate programs have offered less generous incentives and used less intensive marketing, but have had only marginal impacts on markets (often 20--30%), or have taken many years to have an impact. This program will test the theory that it is better to strike hard at the right moment than to gnaw at the edges of a market for many years. While the program was designed for one utility, the overall approach would be more effective at working with vendors and customers if utilities joined together to sponsor a similar program with common terms and single redemption centers. This may be an option in the coming months.

  1. Transport Code for Regular Triangular Geometry

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    1993-06-09

    DIAMANT2 solves the two-dimensional static multigroup neutron transport equation in planar regular triangular geometry. Both regular and adjoint, inhomogeneous and homogeneous problems subject to vacuum, reflective or input specified boundary flux conditions are solved. Anisotropy is allowed for the scattering source. Volume and surface sources are allowed for inhomogeneous problems.

  2. Premium Efficiency Motor Selection and Application Guide – A Handbook for Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilbert A. McCoy and John G. Douglass

    2014-02-01

    This handbook informs new motor purchase decisions by identifying energy and cost savings that can come from replacing motors with premium efficiency units. The handbook provides an overview of current motor use in the industrial sector, including the development of motor efficiency standards, currently available and emerging advanced efficiency motor technologies, and guidance on how to evaluate motor efficiency opportunities. It also several tips on getting the most out of industrial motors, such as how to avoid adverse motor interactions with electronic adjustable speed drives and how to ensure efficiency gains are not lost to undervoltage operation or excessive voltage unbalance.

  3. ASSESSMENT OF COMBINED HEAT AND POWER SYSTEM"PREMIUM POWER" APPLICATIONS IN CALIFORNIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norwood, Zack; Lipman, Timothy; Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris

    2010-06-01

    The effectiveness of combined heat and power (CHP) systems for power interruption intolerant,"premium power," facilities is the focus of this study. Through three real-world case studies and economic cost minimization modeling, the economic and environmental performance of"premium power" CHP is analyzed. The results of the analysis for a brewery, data center, and hospital lead to some interesting conclusions about CHP limited to the specific CHP technologies installed at those sites. Firstly, facilities with high heating loads prove to be the most appropriate for CHP installations from a purely economic standpoint. Secondly, waste heat driven thermal cooling systems are only economically attractive if the technology for these chillers can increase above the current best system efficiency. Thirdly, if the reliability of CHP systems proves to be as high as diesel generators they could replace these generators at little or no additional cost if the thermal to electric (relative) load of those facilities was already high enough to economically justify a CHP system. Lastly, in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, the modeled CHP systems provide some degree of decreased emissions, estimated at approximately 10percent for the hospital, the application with the highest relative thermal load in this case

  4. Benefits Summary - Term Appointments in Regular Job Class | Argonne...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Term Appointments in Regular Job Class Download a brochure on benefits offered to term appointments in the regular job class (over 6 months). 2015 Long Term Appts. in Regular...

  5. Regular and chaotic behavior of multimode lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brunner, W.; Fischer, R.; Paul, H.

    1985-01-01

    Results of recent numerical studies of the output characteristics of standing-wave lasers in cases of (1) large inhomogeneous line broadening dominating homogeneous line broadening and (2) purely homogeneous line broadening are presented. In dependence on such relevant parameters as homogeneous linewidth in relation to the mode spacing, inhomogeneous linewidth, and the lifetimes of the atomic levels, we found both regular and chaotic output characteristics in case (1), whereas in case (2) the behavior generally proved to be regular. This means that the laser system approaches a steady state characterized by constant amplitudes in the oscillating modes and phase locking. Besides the familiar types of amplitude-modulation and frequency-modulation phase locking, more-complex locking phenomena were also found to occur.

  6. A regular version of Smilansky model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barseghyan, Diana; Exner, Pavel; Nuclear Physics Institute ASCR, 25068 ?e near Prague

    2014-04-15

    We discuss a modification of Smilansky model in which a singular potential channel is replaced by a regular, below unbounded potential which shrinks as it becomes deeper. We demonstrate that, similarly to the original model, such a system exhibits a spectral transition with respect to the coupling constant, and determine the critical value above which a new spectral branch opens. The result is generalized to situations with multiple potential channels..

  7. Chiral anomalies and zeta-function regularization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reuter, M.

    1985-03-15

    The zeta-function method for regularizing determinants is used to calculate the chiral anomalies of several field-theory models. In SU(N) gauge theories without ..gamma../sub 5/ couplings, the results of perturbation theory are obtained in an unambiguous manner for the full gauge theory as well as for the corresponding external-field problem. If axial-vector couplings are present, different anomalies occur for the two cases. The result for the full gauge theory is again uniquely determined; for its nongauge analog, however, ambiguities can arise. The connection between the basic path integral and the operator used to construct the heat kernel is investigated and the significance of its Hermiticity and gauge covariance are analyzed. The implications of the Wess-Zumino conditions are considered.

  8. Black hole mimickers: Regular versus singular behavior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lemos, Jose P. S.; Zaslavskii, Oleg B.

    2008-07-15

    Black hole mimickers are possible alternatives to black holes; they would look observationally almost like black holes but would have no horizon. The properties in the near-horizon region where gravity is strong can be quite different for both types of objects, but at infinity it could be difficult to discern black holes from their mimickers. To disentangle this possible confusion, we examine the near-horizon properties, and their connection with far away asymptotic properties, of some candidates to black mimickers. We study spherically symmetric uncharged or charged but nonextremal objects, as well as spherically symmetric charged extremal objects. Within the uncharged or charged but nonextremal black hole mimickers, we study nonextremal {epsilon}-wormholes on the threshold of the formation of an event horizon, of which a subclass are called black foils, and gravastars. Within the charged extremal black hole mimickers we study extremal {epsilon}-wormholes on the threshold of the formation of an event horizon, quasi-black holes, and wormholes on the basis of quasi-black holes from Bonnor stars. We elucidate whether or not the objects belonging to these two classes remain regular in the near-horizon limit. The requirement of full regularity, i.e., finite curvature and absence of naked behavior, up to an arbitrary neighborhood of the gravitational radius of the object enables one to rule out potential mimickers in most of the cases. A list ranking the best black hole mimickers up to the worst, both nonextremal and extremal, is as follows: wormholes on the basis of extremal black holes or on the basis of quasi-black holes, quasi-black holes, wormholes on the basis of nonextremal black holes (black foils), and gravastars. Since in observational astrophysics it is difficult to find extremal configurations (the best mimickers in the ranking), whereas nonextremal configurations are really bad mimickers, the task of distinguishing black holes from their mimickers seems to be less difficult than one could think of it.

  9. Regularization scheme independence and unitarity in QCD cross sections

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Catani, S.; Seymour, M.H.; Trocsanyi, Z.

    1997-06-01

    When calculating next-to-leading order QCD cross sections, divergences in intermediate steps of the calculation must be regularized. The final result is independent of the regularization scheme used, provided that it is unitary. In this paper we explore the relationship between regularization scheme independence and unitarity. We show how the regularization scheme dependence can be isolated in simple universal components, and how unitarity can be guaranteed for any regularization prescription that can consistently be introduced in one-loop amplitudes. Finally, we show how to derive transition rules between different schemes without having to do any loop calculations. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  10. An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal Final Report - Part 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Bruce; Shea, Winton

    2010-12-31

    Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University successfully managed the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which was a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technologies on premium carbon products from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC was an initiative led by Penn State, its cocharter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provided the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity continued under cooperative agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003 and ended December 31, 2010. The objective of the second agreement was to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, which included Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC was its industry-led council that selected proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas had strong industrial support. CPCPC had 58 member companies and universities engaged over the 7-year period of this contract. Members were from 17 states and five countries outside of the U.S. During this period, the CPCPC Executive Council selected 46 projects for funding. DOE/CPCPC provided $3.9 million in funding or an average of $564,000 per year. The total project costs were $5.45 million with $1.5 million, or {approx}28% of the total, provided by the members as cost share. Total average project size was $118,000 with $85,900 provided by DOE/CPCPC. In addition to the research, technology transfer/outreach was a large component of CPCPC's activities. Efficient technology transfer was critical for the deployment of new technologies into the field. CPCPC organized and hosted technology transfer meetings, tours, and tutorials, attended outreach conferences and workshops to represent CPCPC and attract new members, prepared and distributed reports and publications, and developed and maintained a Web site. The second contract ended December 31, 2010, and it is apparent that CPCPC positively impacted the carbon industry and coal research. Statistics and information were compiled to provide a comprehensive account of the impact the consortium had and the beneficial outcomes of many of the individual projects. Project fact sheet, success stories, and other project information were prepared. Two topical reports, a Synthesis report and a Web report, were prepared detailing this information.

  11. An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal Final Report - Part 5

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Bruce; Shea, Winton

    2010-12-31

    Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University successfully managed the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which was a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technologies on premium carbon products from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC was an initiative led by Penn State, its cocharter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provided the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity continued under cooperative agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003 and ended December 31, 2010. The objective of the second agreement was to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, which included Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC was its industry-led council that selected proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas had strong industrial support. CPCPC had 58 member companies and universities engaged over the 7-year period of this contract. Members were from 17 states and five countries outside of the U.S. During this period, the CPCPC Executive Council selected 46 projects for funding. DOE/CPCPC provided $3.9 million in funding or an average of $564,000 per year. The total project costs were $5.45 million with $1.5 million, or {approx}28% of the total, provided by the members as cost share. Total average project size was $118,000 with $85,900 provided by DOE/CPCPC. In addition to the research, technology transfer/outreach was a large component of CPCPC's activities. Efficient technology transfer was critical for the deployment of new technologies into the field. CPCPC organized and hosted technology transfer meetings, tours, and tutorials, attended outreach conferences and workshops to represent CPCPC and attract new members, prepared and distributed reports and publications, and developed and maintained a Web site. The second contract ended December 31, 2010, and it is apparent that CPCPC positively impacted the carbon industry and coal research. Statistics and information were compiled to provide a comprehensive account of the impact the consortium had and the beneficial outcomes of many of the individual projects. Project fact sheet, success stories, and other project information were prepared. Two topical reports, a Synthesis report and a Web report, were prepared detailing this information.

  12. An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal Final Report - Part 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Bruce; Shea, Winton

    2010-12-31

    Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University successfully managed the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which was a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technologies on premium carbon products from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC was an initiative led by Penn State, its cocharter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provided the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity continued under cooperative agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003 and ended December 31, 2010. The objective of the second agreement was to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, which included Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC was its industry-led council that selected proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas had strong industrial support. CPCPC had 58 member companies and universities engaged over the 7-year period of this contract. Members were from 17 states and five countries outside of the U.S. During this period, the CPCPC Executive Council selected 46 projects for funding. DOE/CPCPC provided $3.9 million in funding or an average of $564,000 per year. The total project costs were $5.45 million with $1.5 million, or ~28% of the total, provided by the members as cost share. Total average project size was $118,000 with $85,900 provided by DOE/CPCPC. In addition to the research, technology transfer/outreach was a large component of CPCPC's activities. Efficient technology transfer was critical for the deployment of new technologies into the field. CPCPC organized and hosted technology transfer meetings, tours, and tutorials, attended outreach conferences and workshops to represent CPCPC and attract new members, prepared and distributed reports and publications, and developed and maintained a Web site. The second contract ended December 31, 2010, and it is apparent that CPCPC positively impacted the carbon industry and coal research. Statistics and information were compiled to provide a comprehensive account of the impact the consortium had and the beneficial outcomes of many of the individual projects. Project fact sheet, success stories, and other project information were prepared. Two topical reports, a Synthesis report and a Web report, were prepared detailing this information.

  13. An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal Final Report - Part 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Bruce; Winton, Shea

    2010-12-31

    Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University successfully managed the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which was a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technologies on premium carbon products from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC was an initiative led by Penn State, its cocharter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provided the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity continued under cooperative agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003 and ended December 31, 2010. The objective of the second agreement was to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, which included Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC was its industry-led council that selected proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas had strong industrial support. CPCPC had 58 member companies and universities engaged over the 7-year period of this contract. Members were from 17 states and five countries outside of the U.S. During this period, the CPCPC Executive Council selected 46 projects for funding. DOE/CPCPC provided $3.9 million in funding or an average of $564,000 per year. The total project costs were $5.45 million with $1.5 million, or ~28% of the total, provided by the members as cost share. Total average project size was $118,000 with $85,900 provided by DOE/CPCPC. In addition to the research, technology transfer/outreach was a large component of CPCPC's activities. Efficient technology transfer was critical for the deployment of new technologies into the field. CPCPC organized and hosted technology transfer meetings, tours, and tutorials, attended outreach conferences and workshops to represent CPCPC and attract new members, prepared and distributed reports and publications, and developed and maintained a Web site. The second contract ended December 31, 2010, and it is apparent that CPCPC positively impacted the carbon industry and coal research. Statistics and information were compiled to provide a comprehensive account of the impact the consortium had and the beneficial outcomes of many of the individual projects. Project fact sheet, success stories, and other project information were prepared. Two topical reports, a Synthesis report and a Web report, were prepared detailing this information.

  14. An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal Final Report - Part 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Bruce; Winton, Shea

    2010-12-31

    Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University successfully managed the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which was a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technologies on premium carbon products from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC was an initiative led by Penn State, its cocharter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provided the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity continued under cooperative agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003 and ended December 31, 2010. The objective of the second agreement was to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, which included Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC was its industry-led council that selected proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas had strong industrial support. CPCPC had 58 member companies and universities engaged over the 7-year period of this contract. Members were from 17 states and five countries outside of the U.S. During this period, the CPCPC Executive Council selected 46 projects for funding. DOE/CPCPC provided $3.9 million in funding or an average of $564,000 per year. The total project costs were $5.45 million with $1.5 million, or ~28% of the total, provided by the members as cost share. Total average project size was $118,000 with $85,900 provided by DOE/CPCPC. In addition to the research, technology transfer/outreach was a large component of CPCPC's activities. Efficient technology transfer was critical for the deployment of new technologies into the field. CPCPC organized and hosted technology transfer meetings, tours, and tutorials, attended outreach conferences and workshops to represent CPCPC and attract new members, prepared and distributed reports and publications, and developed and maintained a Web site. The second contract ended December 31, 2010, and it is apparent that CPCPC positively impacted the carbon industry and coal research. Statistics and information were compiled to provide a comprehensive account of the impact the consortium had and the beneficial outcomes of many of the individual projects. Project fact sheet, success stories, and other project information were prepared. Two topical reports, a Synthesis report and a Web report, were prepared detailing this information.

  15. Premium Fuel Production From Mining and Timber Waste Using Advanced Separation and Pelletizing Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Honaker, R. Q.; Taulbee, D.; Parekh, B. K.; Tao, D.

    2005-12-05

    The Commonwealth of Kentucky is one of the leading states in the production of both coal and timber. As a result of mining and processing coal, an estimated 3 million tons of fine coal are disposed annually to waste-slurry impoundments with an additional 500 million tons stored at a number of disposal sites around the state due to past practices. Likewise, the Kentucky timber industry discards nearly 35,000 tons of sawdust on the production site due to unfavorable economics of transporting the material to industrial boilers for use as a fuel. With an average heating value of 6,700 Btu/lb, the monetary value of the energy disposed in the form of sawdust is approximately $490,000 annually. Since the two industries are typically in close proximity, one promising avenue is to selectively recover and dewater the fine-coal particles and then briquette them with sawdust to produce a high-value fuel. The benefits are i) a premium fuel product that is low in moisture and can be handled, transported, and utilized in existing infrastructure, thereby avoiding significant additional capital investment and ii) a reduction in the amount of fine-waste material produced by the two industries that must now be disposed at a significant financial and environmental price. As such, the goal of this project was to evaluate the feasibility of producing a premium fuel with a heating value greater than 10,000 Btu/lb from waste materials generated by the coal and timber industries. Laboratory and pilot-scale testing of the briquetting process indicated that the goal was successfully achieved. Low-ash briquettes containing 5% to 10% sawdust were produced with energy values that were well in excess of 12,000 Btu/lb. A major economic hurdle associated with commercially briquetting coal is binder cost. Approximately fifty binder formulations, both with and without lime, were subjected to an extensive laboratory evaluation to assess their relative technical and economical effectiveness as binding agents for the briquetting of 90% coal and 10% sawdust blends. Guar gum, wheat starch, and a multi-component formulation were identified as most cost-effective for the production of briquettes targeted for the pulverized-coal market with costs being around $8 per ton of the coal-sawdust blend. REAX/lime and a second multi-component formulation were identified as the most cost-effective for the production of briquettes targeted for the stoker-coal market. Various sources of sawdust generated from different wood types were also investigated to determine their chemical properties and to evaluate their relative performance when briquetted with clean coal to form a premium fuel. The highest heating values, approaching 7,000 Btu/lb, were obtained from oak. Sawdusts from higher-density, red oak, white oak, hickory, and beech trees provided higher quality briquettes relative to their lower-density counterparts. In addition to sawdust type, a number of other parameters were evaluated to characterize their impact on briquette properties. The parameters that exhibited the greatest impact on briquette performance were binder concentration; sawdust concentration and particle size; cure temperature; and ash content. Parameters that had the least impact on briquette properties, at least over the ranges studied, were moisture content, briquetting force, and briquetting dwell time. The continuous production of briquettes from a blend of coal and sawdust was evaluated using a 200 lbs/hr Komarek Model B-100 briquetter. The heating values of briquettes produced by the unit exceeded the goal of the project by a large margin. A significant observation was the role of feed moisture on the stability of the mass flow rate through the briquetter and on briquette strength. Excessive feed moisture levels caused inconsistent or stoppage of material flow through the feed hopper and resulted in the production of variable-quality briquettes. Obviously, the limit on feed moisture content has a significant impact on the economics of coal-sawdust briquetting since it will ultimately dictate dew

  16. Clean, premium-quality chars: Demineralized and carbon enriched. Quarterly report, September 1, 1991--Novemer 30, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, G.V.

    1992-01-03

    The goal of this project is to develop a bench-scale procedure to produce clean, desulfurized, premium-quality chars from the Illinois basin coals. This goal is achieved by utilizing the effective capabilty of smectites in combination with methane to manipulate the char yields. The major objectives are: to determine the optimum water- ground particle size for the maximum reduction of pyrite and minerals by the selective-bitumen agglomeration process; to evaluate the type of smectite and its interlamellar cation which enhances the premium-quality char yields; to find the mode of dispersion of smectites in clean coal which retards the agglomeration of char during mild gasification; to probe the conditions that maximize the desulfurized clean-char yields under a combination of methane+oxygen or helium+oxygen; to characterize and accomplish a material balance of chars, liquids, and gases produced during mild gasification; to identify the conditions which reject dehydrated smectites from char by the gravitational separation technique; and to determine the optimum seeding of chars with polymerized maltene for flammability and transportation.

  17. OMB No. 038-R0459 EIA 457B

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... VEHICLE NUMBER HAND RESPONDENT EXHIBIT 133 133. What kind of fuel is used most frequently? UNLEADED REGULAR GASOLINE UNLEADED PREMIUM GASOLINE REGULAR GASOLINE PREMIUM OR HIGH TEST ...

  18. Engineering development of advanced physical fine coal cleaning for premium fuel applications. Quarterly report, April 1--June 30, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moro, N.; Shields, G.L.; Smit, F.J.; Jha, M.C.

    1997-12-31

    The primary goal of this project is the engineering development of two advanced physical fine coal cleaning processes, column flotation and selective agglomeration, for premium fuel applications. The project scope includes laboratory research and bench-scale testing on six coals to optimize these processes, followed by the design, construction, and operation of a 2 t/hr process development unit (PDU). Accomplishments during the quarter are described on the following tasks and subtasks: Development of near-term applications (engineering development and dewatering studies); Engineering development of selective agglomeration (bench-scale testing and process scale-up); PDU and advanced column flotation module (coal selection and procurement and advanced flotation topical report); Selective agglomeration module (module operation and clean coal production with Hiawatha, Taggart, and Indiana 7 coals); Disposition of the PDU; and Project final report. Plans for next quarter are discussed and agglomeration results of the three tested coals are presented.

  19. The interplay between regular and chaotic motion in nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rotter, I.

    1987-04-01

    The regular motion of nucleons in the low-lying nuclear states and the chaotic motion in the compound nuclei are shown to arise from the interplay of conservative and dissipative forces in the open quantum mechanical nuclear system. The regularity at low level density is caused by self-organization in a conservative field of force. At high level density, chaoticity appears since information on the environment is transferred into the system by means of dissipative forces.

  20. New Hire Process for Regular, Term, Postdocs and Students

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Hire Process New Hire Process for Regular, Term, Postdocs and Students Employees and retirees are the building blocks of the Lab's success. Our employees get to contribute to the most pressing issues facing the nation. Contact (505) 667-4451, Option 5 Email New Hire Orientation Agenda for Regular, Term, Postdoc and Student Hires (pdf) Required documents Review and familiarize yourself with the New Hire forms listed below. Ensure you have read and understand what essential information is

  1. Regularities and symmetries of subsets of collective 0{sup +} states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonatsos, Dennis; McCutchan, E. A.; Casten, R. F.; Casperson, R. J.; Werner, V.; Williams, E.

    2009-09-15

    The energies of subsets of excited 0{sup +} states in geometric collective models are investigated and found to exhibit intriguing regularities. In models with an infinite square well potential, it is found that a single formula, dependent on only the number of dimensions, describes a subset of 0{sup +} states. The same behavior of a subset of 0{sup +} states is seen in the large boson number limit of the interacting boson approximation (IBA) model near the critical point of a first-order phase transition, in contrast to the fact that these 0{sup +} state energies exhibit a harmonic behavior in all three limiting symmetries of the IBA. Finally, the observed regularities in 0{sup +} energies are analyzed in terms of the underlying group theoretical framework of the different models.

  2. Regularities and symmetries of subsets of collective 0{sup+} states.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonatsos, D.; McCutchan, E. A.; Casten, R. F.; Casperson, R. J.; Werner, V.; Williams, E.; Physics; N.C.S.R.; Yale Univ.

    2009-09-01

    The energies of subsets of excited 0{sup +} states in geometric collective models are investigated and found to exhibit intriguing regularities. In models with an infinite square well potential, it is found that a single formula, dependent on only the number of dimensions, describes a subset of 0{sup +} states. The same behavior of a subset of 0{sup +} states is seen in the large boson number limit of the interacting boson approximation (IBA) model near the critical point of a first-order phase transition, in contrast to the fact that these 0{sup +} state energies exhibit a harmonic behavior in all three limiting symmetries of the IBA. Finally, the observed regularities in 0{sup +} energies are analyzed in terms of the underlying group theoretical framework of the different models.

  3. Regularities and symmetries of collective 0{sup+} states.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonatsos, D.; McCutchan, E. A.; Casten, R. F.; Casperson, R. J.; Werner, V.; Williams, E.; Physics; N.C.S.R.

    2009-01-01

    The energies of subsets of excited 0{sup +} states in geometric collective models are investigated and found to exhibit intriguing regularities. In models with an infinite square well potential, it is found that a single formula, dependent on only the number of dimensions, describes a subset of 0{sup +} states. The same behavior of a subset of 0{sup +} states is seen in the large boson number limit of the interacting boson approximation (IBA) model near the critical point of a first-order phase transition, in contrast to the fact that these 0{sup +} state energies exhibit a harmonic behavior in all three limiting symmetries of the IBA. Finally, the observed regularities in 0{sup +} energies are analyzed in terms of the underlying group theoretical framework of the different models.

  4. Pre-Arrival for Regular, Postdoc and Student Hires

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pre-Arrival Pre-Arrival for Regular, Postdoc and Student Hires Employees and retirees are the building blocks of the Lab's success. Our employees get to contribute to the most pressing issues facing the nation. Contact (505) 667-4451, Option 5 Email Information you should know prior to attending New Hire Orientation Before attending New Hire Orientation, ensure you have reviewed, signed, and returned your Offer Letter to a Human Resources (HR) Division Representative. Do NOT report to the

  5. Trigonometric Pade approximants for functions with regularly decreasing Fourier coefficients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Labych, Yuliya A; Starovoitov, Alexander P [Gomel State University, Gomel (Belarus)

    2009-08-31

    Sufficient conditions describing the regular decrease of the coefficients of a Fourier series f(x)=a{sub 0}/2 + {sigma} a{sub n} cos kx are found which ensure that the trigonometric Pade approximants {pi}{sup t}{sub n,m}(x;f) converge to the function f in the uniform norm at a rate which coincides asymptotically with the highest possible one. The results obtained are applied to problems dealing with finding sharp constants for rational approximations. Bibliography: 31 titles.

  6. Constructing a logical, regular axis topology from an irregular topology

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Faraj, Daniel A.

    2014-07-22

    Constructing a logical regular topology from an irregular topology including, for each axial dimension and recursively, for each compute node in a subcommunicator until returning to a first node: adding to a logical line of the axial dimension a neighbor specified in a nearest neighbor list; calling the added compute node; determining, by the called node, whether any neighbor in the node's nearest neighbor list is available to add to the logical line; if a neighbor in the called compute node's nearest neighbor list is available to add to the logical line, adding, by the called compute node to the logical line, any neighbor in the called compute node's nearest neighbor list for the axial dimension not already added to the logical line; and, if no neighbor in the called compute node's nearest neighbor list is available to add to the logical line, returning to the calling compute node.

  7. Constructing a logical, regular axis topology from an irregular topology

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Faraj, Daniel A.

    2014-07-01

    Constructing a logical regular topology from an irregular topology including, for each axial dimension and recursively, for each compute node in a subcommunicator until returning to a first node: adding to a logical line of the axial dimension a neighbor specified in a nearest neighbor list; calling the added compute node; determining, by the called node, whether any neighbor in the node's nearest neighbor list is available to add to the logical line; if a neighbor in the called compute node's nearest neighbor list is available to add to the logical line, adding, by the called compute node to the logical line, any neighbor in the called compute node's nearest neighbor list for the axial dimension not already added to the logical line; and, if no neighbor in the called compute node's nearest neighbor list is available to add to the logical line, returning to the calling compute node.

  8. An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal, Annual Progress Report, October 1, 2003 through September 30, 2004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andresen, John; Schobert, Harold; Miller, Bruce G

    2006-03-01

    Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University (PSU) has been successfully operating the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which is a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technology on premium carbon produces from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC is an initiative being led by PSU, its co-charter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provides the base funding for the program, with PSU responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity has continued under the present cooperative agreement, No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003. The objective of the second agreement is to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC has enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, that includes PSU and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC is its industry-led council that selects proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas have strong industrial support. A second contract was executed with DOE NETL starting in October 2003 to continue the activities of CPCPC. An annual funding meeting was held in October 2003 and the council selected 10 projects for funding. Base funding for the projects is provided by NETL with matching funds from industry. Subcontracts were let from Penn State to the various subcontractors on March 1, 2004.

  9. New York City Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2.162 2.147 2.120 2.117 2.109 2.067 2000-2015 Midgrade 2.481 2.467 2.457 2.448 2.440 2.403 2000-2015 Reformulated Areas 2.481 2.467 2.457 2.448 2.440 2.403 2000-2015 Premium...

  10. U.S. Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    49,797.6 44,697.0 39,002.1 29,725.8 24,722.5 21,633.6 1983-2014 by Grade Regular 42,160.7 38,096.6 33,485.5 25,158.1 20,855.3 18,235.4 1983-2014 Midgrade 3,537.1 3,056.4 2,489.6 1,945.3 1,596.8 1,363.0 1989-2014 Premium 4,099.8 3,544.0 3,027.0 2,622.4 2,270.3 2,035.2 1983-2014 by Formulation Conventional 31,513.3 29,499.2 25,064.8 17,695.8 14,527.4 13,957.6 1994-2014 Oxygenated - - - - - - 1994-2014 Reformulated 18,284.3 15,197.9 13,937.3 12,030.0 10,195.2 7,675.9

  11. Boston Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1.943 1.905 1.883 1.874 1.878 1.970 2003-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 1.943 1.905 1.883 1.874 1.878 1.970 2003-2016 Regular 1.808 1.765 1.743 1.734 1.744 1.848 2003-2016 Reformulated Areas 1.808 1.765 1.743 1.734 1.744 1.848 2003-2016 Midgrade 2.157 2.131 2.101 2.097 2.081 2.148 2003-2016 Reformulated Areas 2.157 2.131 2.101 2.097 2.081 2.148 2003-2016 Premium 2.349 2.325 2.306 2.294 2.286 2.344 2003-2016 Reformulated Areas 2.349 2.325 2.306 2.294 2.286 2.344

  12. California Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    539 2.431 2.347 2.461 2.495 2.651 2000-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 2.539 2.431 2.347 2.461 2.495 2.651 1995-2016 Regular 2.486 2.378 2.295 2.406 2.441 2.596 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 2.486 2.378 2.295 2.406 2.441 2.596 1995-2016 Midgrade 2.605 2.499 2.415 2.536 2.565 2.722 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 2.605 2.499 2.415 2.536 2.565 2.722 1995-2016 Premium 2.723 2.613 2.528 2.649 2.682 2.839 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 2.723 2.613 2.528 2.649 2.682 2.839 1995-2016 Diesel (On-Highway)

  13. Chicago Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1.689 1.723 1.852 1.976 2.074 2.276 2000-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 1.689 1.723 1.852 1.976 2.074 2.276 2000-2016 Regular 1.561 1.595 1.726 1.855 1.950 2.154 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 1.561 1.595 1.726 1.855 1.950 2.154 2000-2016 Midgrade 1.905 1.939 2.057 2.177 2.276 2.466 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 1.905 1.939 2.057 2.177 2.276 2.466 2000-2016 Premium 2.246 2.283 2.401 2.507 2.619 2.813 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 2.246 2.283 2.401 2.507 2.619 2.813 2000

  14. Cleveland Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    28 1.670 1.816 1.874 1.958 2.061 2003-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 1.628 1.670 1.816 1.874 1.958 2.061 2003-2016 Regular 1.504 1.546 1.696 1.756 1.838 1.943 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 1.504 1.546 1.696 1.756 1.838 1.943 2003-2016 Midgrade 1.794 1.808 1.968 2.020 2.111 2.207 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 1.794 1.808 1.968 2.020 2.111 2.207 2003-2016 Premium 2.072 2.138 2.260 2.312 2.399 2.496 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 2.072 2.138 2.260 2.312 2.399 2.496 2003

  15. Denver Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    732 1.645 1.638 1.754 1.891 1.992 2000-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 1.732 1.645 1.638 1.754 1.891 1.992 2000-2016 Regular 1.623 1.536 1.529 1.646 1.781 1.882 2000-2016 Conventional Areas 1.623 1.536 1.529 1.646 1.781 1.882 2000-2016 Midgrade 1.905 1.821 1.808 1.927 2.064 2.166 2000-2016 Conventional Areas 1.905 1.821 1.808 1.927 2.064 2.166 2000-2016 Premium 2.151 2.061 2.055 2.171 2.313 2.413 2000-2016 Conventional Areas 2.151 2.061 2.055 2.171 2.313 2.413 2000

  16. Florida Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    887 1.857 1.857 1.850 1.972 2.019 2003-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 1.887 1.857 1.857 1.850 1.972 2.019 2003-2016 Regular 1.742 1.715 1.712 1.704 1.835 1.879 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 1.742 1.715 1.712 1.704 1.835 1.879 2003-2016 Midgrade 2.026 1.981 1.995 1.990 2.100 2.148 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 2.026 1.981 1.995 1.990 2.100 2.148 2003-2016 Premium 2.262 2.232 2.230 2.224 2.328 2.382 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 2.262 2.232 2.230 2.224 2.328 2.382

  17. Houston Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    649 1.603 1.577 1.639 1.664 1.863 2000-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 1.649 1.603 1.577 1.639 1.664 1.863 2000-2016 Regular 1.516 1.471 1.445 1.507 1.537 1.736 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 1.516 1.471 1.445 1.507 1.537 1.736 2000-2016 Midgrade 1.813 1.768 1.744 1.799 1.812 2.021 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 1.813 1.768 1.744 1.799 1.812 2.021 2000-2016 Premium 2.087 2.038 2.012 2.075 2.093 2.285 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 2.087 2.038 2.012 2.075 2.093 2.285

  18. Los Angeles Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    683 2.550 2.418 2.619 2.625 2.794 2000-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 2.683 2.550 2.418 2.619 2.625 2.794 2000-2016 Regular 2.634 2.502 2.370 2.570 2.576 2.744 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 2.634 2.502 2.370 2.570 2.576 2.744 2000-2016 Midgrade 2.736 2.603 2.472 2.674 2.680 2.849 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 2.736 2.603 2.472 2.674 2.680 2.849 2000-2016 Premium 2.836 2.703 2.572 2.774 2.780 2.949 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 2.836 2.703 2.572 2.774 2.780 2.94

  19. Massachusetts Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    953 1.908 1.890 1.883 1.882 1.980 2003-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 1.953 1.908 1.890 1.883 1.882 1.980 2003-2016 Regular 1.820 1.770 1.751 1.744 1.746 1.857 2003-2016 Reformulated Areas 1.820 1.770 1.751 1.744 1.746 1.857 2003-2016 Midgrade 2.157 2.122 2.098 2.098 2.084 2.156 2003-2016 Reformulated Areas 2.157 2.122 2.098 2.098 2.084 2.156 2003-2016 Premium 2.332 2.299 2.286 2.277 2.271 2.335 2003-2016 Reformulated Areas 2.332 2.299 2.286 2.277 2.271 2.335

  20. Miami Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2.156 2.141 2.125 2.134 2.182 2.287 2003-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 2.156 2.141 2.125 2.134 2.182 2.287 2003-2016 Regular 1.983 1.972 1.955 1.967 2.019 2.120 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 1.983 1.972 1.955 1.967 2.019 2.120 2003-2016 Midgrade 2.351 2.331 2.312 2.320 2.364 2.478 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 2.351 2.331 2.312 2.320 2.364 2.478 2003-2016 Premium 2.584 2.559 2.550 2.550 2.586 2.698 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 2.584 2.559 2.550 2.550 2.586 2.698 2003

  1. Minnesota Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1.582 1.513 1.680 1.862 1.951 2.045 2000-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 1.582 1.513 1.680 1.862 1.951 2.045 2000-2016 Regular 1.520 1.452 1.623 1.805 1.896 1.990 2000-2016 Conventional Areas 1.520 1.452 1.623 1.805 1.896 1.990 2000-2016 Midgrade 1.667 1.596 1.758 1.940 2.028 2.126 2000-2016 Conventional Areas 1.667 1.596 1.758 1.940 2.028 2.126 2000-2016 Premium 1.885 1.812 1.965 2.142 2.224 2.317 2000-2016 Conventional Areas 1.885 1.812 1.965 2.142 2.224 2.317

  2. Ohio Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    574 1.646 1.775 1.873 1.951 2.016 2003-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 1.574 1.646 1.775 1.873 1.951 2.016 2003-2016 Regular 1.473 1.545 1.675 1.773 1.851 1.914 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 1.473 1.545 1.675 1.773 1.851 1.914 2003-2016 Midgrade 1.701 1.768 1.899 1.992 2.074 2.138 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 1.701 1.768 1.899 1.992 2.074 2.138 2003-2016 Premium 1.947 2.018 2.145 2.240 2.321 2.393 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 1.947 2.018 2.145 2.240 2.321 2.393 2003

  3. PADD 4 Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    835 1.773 1.754 1.780 1.863 1.946 1993-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 1.835 1.773 1.754 1.780 1.863 1.946 1994-2016 Regular 1.753 1.691 1.673 1.702 1.784 1.867 1992-2016 Conventional Areas 1.753 1.691 1.673 1.702 1.784 1.867 1992-2016 Midgrade 1.936 1.876 1.851 1.872 1.958 2.043 1994-2016 Conventional Areas 1.936 1.876 1.851 1.872 1.958 2.043 1994-2016 Premium 2.143 2.080 2.058 2.080 2.163 2.243 1994-2016 Conventional Areas 2.143 2.080 2.058 2.080 2.163 2.243 1994-2016 Diesel (On-Highway)

  4. San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    537 2.488 2.447 2.452 2.505 2.645 2000-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 2.537 2.488 2.447 2.452 2.505 2.645 2000-2016 Regular 2.486 2.436 2.391 2.396 2.451 2.591 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 2.486 2.436 2.391 2.396 2.451 2.591 2000-2016 Midgrade 2.601 2.556 2.524 2.530 2.577 2.719 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 2.601 2.556 2.524 2.530 2.577 2.719 2000-2016 Premium 2.716 2.665 2.638 2.643 2.690 2.829 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 2.716 2.665 2.638 2.643 2.690 2.82

  5. Seattle Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2.185 2.148 2.100 2.107 2.184 2.254 2003-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 2.185 2.148 2.100 2.107 2.184 2.254 2003-2016 Regular 2.133 2.092 2.051 2.057 2.135 2.206 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 2.133 2.092 2.051 2.057 2.135 2.206 2003-2016 Midgrade 2.292 2.268 2.202 2.208 2.278 2.347 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 2.292 2.268 2.202 2.208 2.278 2.347 2003-2016 Premium 2.400 2.373 2.306 2.314 2.389 2.457 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 2.400 2.373 2.306 2.314 2.389 2.457

  6. Washington Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    129 2.093 2.064 2.065 2.121 2.226 2003-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 2.129 2.093 2.064 2.065 2.121 2.226 2003-2016 Regular 2.062 2.024 1.997 2.000 2.060 2.162 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 2.062 2.024 1.997 2.000 2.060 2.162 2003-2016 Midgrade 2.263 2.235 2.198 2.193 2.239 2.347 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 2.263 2.235 2.198 2.193 2.239 2.347 2003-2016 Premium 2.401 2.370 2.332 2.331 2.379 2.493 2003-2016 Conventional Areas 2.401 2.370 2.332 2.331 2.379 2.493 2003

  7. An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal, Annual Progress Report, October 1, 2004 through September 30, 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Bruce G

    2006-03-01

    Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University (PSU) has been successfully operating the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which is a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technology on premium carbon produces from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC is an initiative being led by PSU, its co-charter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provides the base funding for the program, with PSU responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity has continued under the present cooperative agreement, No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003. The objective of the second agreement is to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC has enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, that includes PSU and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC is its industry-led council that selects proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas have strong industrial support. A second contract was executed with DOE NETL starting in October 2003 to continue the activities of CPCPC. An annual funding meeting was held in October 2003 and the council selected ten projects for funding. Base funding for the projects is provided by NETL with matching funds from industry. Subcontracts were let from Penn State to the subcontractors on March 1, 2004. Nine of the ten projects have been completed and the final reports for these 2004 projects are attached. An annual funding meeting was held in November 2004 and the council selected eleven projects for funding. Subcontracts were let from Penn State to the subcontractors on March 1, 2005. Three additional projects were selected for funding during the April 2005 tutorial/funding meeting. Subcontracts were let from Penn State to the subcontractors on July 1, 2005.

  8. An Industrial-Based Consortium to Develop Premium Carbon Products from Coal, Annual Progress Report, October 1, 2005 through September 30, 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruce G. Miller

    2006-09-29

    Since 1998, The Pennsylvania State University has been successfully managing the Consortium for Premium Carbon Products from Coal (CPCPC), which is a vehicle for industry-driven research on the promotion, development, and transfer of innovative technology on premium carbon produces from coal to the U.S. industry. The CPCPC is an initiative being led by Penn State, its co-charter member West Virginia University (WVU), and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), who also provides the base funding for the program, with Penn State responsible for consortium management. CPCPC began in 1998 under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40350. This agreement ended November 2004 but the CPCPC activity has continued under the present cooperative agreement, No. DE-FC26-03NT41874, which started October 1, 2003. The objective of the second agreement is to continue the successful operation of the CPCPC. The CPCPC has enjoyed tremendous success with its organizational structure, that includes Penn State and WVU as charter members, numerous industrial affiliate members, and strategic university affiliate members together with NETL, forming a vibrant and creative team for innovative research in the area of transforming coal to carbon products. The key aspect of CPCPC is its industry-led council that selects proposals submitted by CPCPC members to ensure CPCPC target areas have strong industrial support. Base funding for the selected projects is provided by NETL with matching funds from industry. At the annual funding meeting held in October 2003, ten projects were selected for funding. Subcontracts were let from Penn State to the subcontractors on March 1, 2004. Nine of the ten 2004 projects were completed during the previous annual reporting period and their final reports were submitted with the previous annual report (i.e., 10/01/04-09/30/05). The final report for the remaining project, which was submitted during this reporting period (i.e., 10/01/05-09/30/06), is attached. At the annual funding meeting held in November 2004, eleven projects were selected for funding. Subcontracts were let from Penn State to the subcontractors on March 1, 2005. Three additional projects were selected for funding during the April 2005 tutorial/funding meeting. Subcontracts were let from Penn State to the subcontractors on July 1, 2005. Of these fourteen 2005 projects, eleven have been completed and the final reports are attached. An annual funding meeting was held in November 2005 and the council selected five projects for funding. Subcontracts were let from Penn State to the subcontractors on March 1, 2006, except for one that started October 1, 2006.

  9. On a regularization of a scalar conservation law with discontinuous coefficients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Chun

    2014-03-15

    This paper is devoted to a scalar conservation law with a linear flux function involving discontinuous coefficients. It is clear that the delta standing wave should be introduced into the Riemann solution in some nonclassical situation. In order to study the formation of delta standing wave, we consider a regularization of the discontinuous coefficient with the Helmholtz mollifier and then obtain a regularized system which depends on a regularization parameter ? > 0. The regularization mechanism is a nonlinear bending of characteristic curves that prevents their finite-time intersection. It is proved rigorously that the solutions of regularized system converge to the delta standing wave solution in the ? ? 0 limit. Compared with the classical method of vanishing viscosity, here it is clear to see how the delta standing wave forms naturally along the characteristics.

  10. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August 1989 The Introduction of Unleaded Midgrade Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

  11. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August 1989 The Introduction of Unleaded Midgrade Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

  12. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . August 1989 The Introduction of Unleaded Midgrade Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

  13. Regularization of soft-X-ray imaging in the DIII-D tokamak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wingen, Andreas; Shafer, Morgan W; Unterberg, Ezekial A; Hill, Judith C; Hillis, Donald Lee

    2015-01-01

    An image inversion scheme for the soft X-ray imaging system (SXRIS) diagnostic at the DIII-D tokamak is developed to obtain the local soft X-ray emission at a poloidal cross-section from the spatially line-integrated image taken by the SXRIS camera. The scheme uses the Tikhonov regularization method since the inversion problem is generally ill-posed. The regularization technique uses the generalized singular value decomposition to determine a solution that depends on a free regularization parameter. The latter has to be chosen carefully, and the so called {\\it L-curve} method to find the optimum regularization parameter is outlined. A representative test image is used to study the properties of the inversion scheme with respect to inversion accuracy, amount/strength of regularization, image noise and image resolution. The optimum inversion parameters are identified, while the L-curve method successfully computes the optimum regularization parameter. Noise is found to be the most limiting issue, but sufficient regularization is still possible at noise to signal ratios up to 10%-15%. Finally, the inversion scheme is applied to measured SXRIS data and the line-integrated SXRIS image is successfully inverted.

  14. Engineering development of advanced physical fine coal cleaning for premium fuel applications. Quarterly technical progress report 13, October--December, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moro, N.; Shields, G.L.; Smit, F.J.; Jha, M.C.

    1996-01-31

    The primary goal of this project is the engineering development of two advanced physical fine coal cleaning processes, column flotation and selective agglomeration, for premium fuel applications. The project scope includes laboratory research and bench-scale testing on six coals to optimize these processes, followed by the design, construction, and operation of a 2-t/hr process development unit. During Quarter 13 (October--December 1995), testing of the GranuFlow dewatering process indicated a 3--4% reduction in cake moisture for screen-bowl and solid-bowl centrifuge products. The Orimulsion additions were also found to reduce the potential dustiness of the fine coal, as well as improve solids recovery in the screen-bowl centrifuge. Based on these results, Lady Dunn management now plans to use a screen bowl centrifuge to dewater their Microcel{trademark} column froth product. Subtask 3.3 testing, investigating a novel Hydrophobic Dewatering process (HD), continued this quarter. Continuing Subtask 6.4 work, investigating coal-water-slurry formulation, indicated that selective agglomeration products can be formulated into slurries with lower viscosities than advanced flotation products. Subtask 6.5 agglomeration bench-scale testing results indicate that a very fine grind is required to meet the 2 lb ash/MBtu product specification for the Winifrede coal, while the Hiawatha coal requires a grind in the 100- to 150-mesh topsize range. Detailed design work remaining involves the preparation and issuing of the final task report. Utilizing this detailed design, a construction bid package was prepared and submitted to three Colorado based contractors for quotes as part of Task 9.

  15. Inverse transport problem solvers based on regularized and compressive sensing techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, Y.; Cao, L.; Wu, H.; Zhang, H.

    2012-07-01

    According to the direct exposure measurements from flash radiographic image, regularized-based method and compressive sensing (CS)-based method for inverse transport equation are presented. The linear absorption coefficients and interface locations of objects are reconstructed directly at the same time. With a large number of measurements, least-square method is utilized to complete the reconstruction. Owing to the ill-posedness of the inverse problems, regularized algorithm is employed. Tikhonov method is applied with an appropriate posterior regularization parameter to get a meaningful solution. However, it's always very costly to obtain enough measurements. With limited measurements, CS sparse reconstruction technique Orthogonal Matching Pursuit (OMP) is applied to obtain the sparse coefficients by solving an optimization problem. This paper constructs and takes the forward projection matrix rather than Gauss matrix as measurement matrix. In the CS-based algorithm, Fourier expansion and wavelet expansion are adopted to convert an underdetermined system to a well-posed system. Simulations and numerical results of regularized method with appropriate regularization parameter and that of CS-based agree well with the reference value, furthermore, both methods avoid amplifying the noise. (authors)

  16. Detecting regular sound changes in linguistics as events of concerted evolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hruschka, Daniel J.; Branford, Simon; Smith, Eric D.; Wilkins, Jon; Meade, Andrew; Pagel, Mark; Bhattacharya, Tanmoy

    2014-12-18

    Background: Concerted evolution is normally used to describe parallel changes at different sites in a genome, but it is also observed in languages where a specific phoneme changes to the same other phoneme in many words in the lexicona phenomenon known as regular sound change. We develop a general statistical model that can detect concerted changes in aligned sequence data and apply it to study regular sound changes in the Turkic language family. Results: Linguistic evolution, unlike the genetic substitutional process, is dominated by events of concerted evolutionary change. Our model identified more than 70 historical events of regular sound change that occurred throughout the evolution of the Turkic language family, while simultaneously inferring a dated phylogenetic tree. Including regular sound changes yielded an approximately 4-fold improvement in the characterization of linguistic change over a simpler model of sporadic change, improved phylogenetic inference, and returned more reliable and plausible dates for events on the phylogenies. The historical timings of the concerted changes closely follow a Poisson process model, and the sound transition networks derived from our model mirror linguistic expectations. Conclusions: We demonstrate that a model with no prior knowledge of complex concerted or regular changes can nevertheless infer the historical timings and genealogical placements of events of concerted change from the signals left in contemporary data. Our model can be applied wherever discrete elementssuch as genes, words, cultural trends, technologies, or morphological traitscan change in parallel within an organism or other evolving group.

  17. Regular, Postdocs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    convenience, download the New Employee App from iTunes (IOS devices) or Google Play (Android devices). You can access new hire information along with many other features such as...

  18. Detecting regular sound changes in linguistics as events of concerted evolution

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Hruschka, Daniel  J.; Branford, Simon; Smith, Eric  D.; Wilkins, Jon; Meade, Andrew; Pagel, Mark; Bhattacharya, Tanmoy

    2014-12-18

    Background: Concerted evolution is normally used to describe parallel changes at different sites in a genome, but it is also observed in languages where a specific phoneme changes to the same other phoneme in many words in the lexicon—a phenomenon known as regular sound change. We develop a general statistical model that can detect concerted changes in aligned sequence data and apply it to study regular sound changes in the Turkic language family. Results: Linguistic evolution, unlike the genetic substitutional process, is dominated by events of concerted evolutionary change. Our model identified more than 70 historical events of regular soundmore » change that occurred throughout the evolution of the Turkic language family, while simultaneously inferring a dated phylogenetic tree. Including regular sound changes yielded an approximately 4-fold improvement in the characterization of linguistic change over a simpler model of sporadic change, improved phylogenetic inference, and returned more reliable and plausible dates for events on the phylogenies. The historical timings of the concerted changes closely follow a Poisson process model, and the sound transition networks derived from our model mirror linguistic expectations. Conclusions: We demonstrate that a model with no prior knowledge of complex concerted or regular changes can nevertheless infer the historical timings and genealogical placements of events of concerted change from the signals left in contemporary data. Our model can be applied wherever discrete elements—such as genes, words, cultural trends, technologies, or morphological traits—can change in parallel within an organism or other evolving group.« less

  19. Small black holes on branes: Is the horizon regular or singular?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karasik, D.; Sahabandu, C.; Suranyi, P.; Wijewardhana, L.C.R.

    2004-09-15

    We investigate the following question: Consider a small mass, with {epsilon} (the ratio of the Schwarzschild radius and the bulk curvature length) much smaller than 1, that is confined to the TeV brane in the Randall-Sundrum I scenario. Does it form a black hole with a regular horizon, or a naked singularity? The metric is expanded in {epsilon} and the asymptotic form of the metric is given by the weak field approximation (linear in the mass). In first order of {epsilon} we show that the iteration of the weak field solution, which includes only integer powers of the mass, leads to a solution that has a singular horizon. We find a solution with a regular horizon but its asymptotic expansion in the mass also contains half integer powers.

  20. Determination of transit time distribution and Rabi frequency by applying regularized inverse on Ramsey spectra

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Young-Ho; Lee, Soo Heyong; Park, Sang Eon; Lee, Ho Seong; Kwon, Taeg Yong [Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-340 (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-04-23

    The authors report on a method to determine the Rabi frequency and transit time distribution of atoms that are essential for proper operation of atomic beam frequency standards. Their method, which employs alternative regularized inverse on two Ramsey spectra measured at different microwave powers, can be used for the frequency standards with short Ramsey cavity as well as long ones. The authors demonstrate that uncertainty in Rabi frequency obtained from their method is 0.02%.

  1. Analytically calculating shading in regular arrays of sun-pointing collectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meller, Yosef

    2010-11-15

    A method is presented for deriving an algorithm for analytically calculating shading of sun-pointing solar collectors by other identical collectors in the field. The method is particularly suited to regularly-spaced collectors, with convex aperture shapes. Using this method, an algorithm suitable for circular-aperture collectors is derived. The algorithm is validated against results obtained using an existing algorithm, and an example for usage of the algorithm as a tool for validating assumptions of an existing algorithm is presented. (author)

  2. Random matrix theory for mixed regular-chaotic dynamics in the super-extensive regime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Hady, A. Abd; Abul-Magd, A. Y.

    2011-10-27

    We apply Tsallis's q-indexed nonextensive entropy to formulate a random matrix theory (RMT), which may be suitable for systems with mixed regular-chaotic dynamics. We consider the super-extensive regime of q<1. We obtain analytical expressions for the level-spacing distributions, which are strictly valid for 2 X2 random-matrix ensembles, as usually done in the standard RMT. We compare the results with spacing distributions, numerically calculated for random matrix ensembles describing a harmonic oscillator perturbed by Gaussian orthogonal and unitary ensembles.

  3. A hybrid inventory management system respondingto regular demand and surge demand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohammad S. Roni; Mingzhou Jin; Sandra D. Eksioglu

    2014-06-01

    This paper proposes a hybrid policy for a stochastic inventory system facing regular demand and surge demand. The combination of two different demand patterns can be observed in many areas, such as healthcare inventory and humanitarian supply chain management. The surge demand has a lower arrival rate but higher demand volume per arrival. The solution approach proposed in this paper incorporates the level crossing method and mixed integer programming technique to optimize the hybrid inventory policy with both regular orders and emergency orders. The level crossing method is applied to obtain the equilibrium distributions of inventory levels under a given policy. The model is further transformed into a mixed integer program to identify an optimal hybrid policy. A sensitivity analysis is conducted to investigate the impact of parameters on the optimal inventory policy and minimum cost. Numerical results clearly show the benefit of using the proposed hybrid inventory model. The model and solution approach could help healthcare providers or humanitarian logistics providers in managing their emergency supplies in responding to surge demands.

  4. Bistability, regular self-pulsing, and chaos in lasers with external feedback

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mueller, R.; Glas, P.

    1985-01-01

    Steady states and dynamic behavior of the light field in a lasing medium contained in the cavity of a Fabry--Perot (FP) resonator are investigated theoretically. The FP resonator is optically coupled to an external resonator (ER), which reflects light back into the laser within a small frequency interval. It is assumed that the lasing threshold cannot be exceeded without feedback from the ER. The losses of the compound-cavity system depend on the light frequency's giving rise to dispersive bistable effects. The static hysteresis cycle as well as transients between its branches has been calculated. Moreover, various types of regular and chaotic self-pulsing that are due to the oscillation of several modes of the compound-cavity sysem have been found, depending on the ratio of longitudinal relaxation time T/sub 1/ to the photon round-trip time T. Finally, phase modulation and frequency chirping have been determined.

  5. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Conventional Reformulated Total Conventional Reformulated Total United States January ......................................... 193,913.6 101,158.7 295,072.4 12,103.1 4,068.6 16,171.7 February ....................................... 202,937.6 103,842.9 306,780.5 12,634.4 4,206.6 16,841.0 March ............................................

  6. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Year Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average 1983 ............................... 98.0 97.0 - - - 89.5 - - - - - - 1984 ............................... 92.2 91.4 - - - 84.2 - - - - - - 1985 ............................... 92.5 91.7 - - -

  7. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type (Million Gallons per Day) Year Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total 1983 ............................... 20.0 23.5 - - - 98.3 - - - - - - 1984 ............................... 24.3 27.8 - - - 106.8 - - - - - - 1985 ............................... 26.2 29.9 - - - 119.7 - - - - -

  8. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products for Local Consumption Table 45. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Motor Gasoline by Grade, Formulation, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Conventional Reformulated Total Conventional Reformulated Total United States January ......................................... 193,913.6 101,158.7 295,072.4 12,103.1 4,068.6 16,171.7 February ....................................... 202,937.6 103,842.9

  9. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    16 Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual 2009 Volumes of Petroleum Products Table 39. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk United States January ..................................... 41,519.2 43,169.0 31,921.8

  10. Premium Power Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Massachusetts Zip: 1845 Product: Specialises in the design and manufacture of high-density energy storage, utility service management and power quality systems. References:...

  11. Premium Power Corporation Smart Grid Demonstration Project |...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    control, manufacturing and installation of seven 500-kW6-hour TransFlow 2000 energy storage systems in California, Massachusetts, and New York to lower peak energy demand and...

  12. Increasing Biofuel Deployment through Renewable Super Premium

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... * Require all new dispensers to be blender pumps (capable of RSP), vehicles are ... * Require all new dispensers to be blender pumps (capable of RSP), vehicles are ...

  13. Combined iterative reconstruction and image-domain decomposition for dual energy CT using total-variation regularization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dong, Xue; Niu, Tianye; Zhu, Lei

    2014-05-15

    Purpose: Dual-energy CT (DECT) is being increasingly used for its capability of material decomposition and energy-selective imaging. A generic problem of DECT, however, is that the decomposition process is unstable in the sense that the relative magnitude of decomposed signals is reduced due to signal cancellation while the image noise is accumulating from the two CT images of independent scans. Direct image decomposition, therefore, leads to severe degradation of signal-to-noise ratio on the resultant images. Existing noise suppression techniques are typically implemented in DECT with the procedures of reconstruction and decomposition performed independently, which do not explore the statistical properties of decomposed images during the reconstruction for noise reduction. In this work, the authors propose an iterative approach that combines the reconstruction and the signal decomposition procedures to minimize the DECT image noise without noticeable loss of resolution. Methods: The proposed algorithm is formulated as an optimization problem, which balances the data fidelity and total variation of decomposed images in one framework, and the decomposition step is carried out iteratively together with reconstruction. The noise in the CT images from the proposed algorithm becomes well correlated even though the noise of the raw projections is independent on the two CT scans. Due to this feature, the proposed algorithm avoids noise accumulation during the decomposition process. The authors evaluate the method performance on noise suppression and spatial resolution using phantom studies and compare the algorithm with conventional denoising approaches as well as combined iterative reconstruction methods with different forms of regularization. Results: On the Catphan600 phantom, the proposed method outperforms the existing denoising methods on preserving spatial resolution at the same level of noise suppression, i.e., a reduction of noise standard deviation by one order of magnitude. This improvement is mainly attributed to the high noise correlation in the CT images reconstructed by the proposed algorithm. Iterative reconstruction using different regularization, including quadratic orq-generalized Gaussian Markov random field regularization, achieves similar noise suppression from high noise correlation. However, the proposed TV regularization obtains a better edge preserving performance. Studies of electron density measurement also show that our method reduces the average estimation error from 9.5% to 7.1%. On the anthropomorphic head phantom, the proposed method suppresses the noise standard deviation of the decomposed images by a factor of ?14 without blurring the fine structures in the sinus area. Conclusions: The authors propose a practical method for DECT imaging reconstruction, which combines the image reconstruction and material decomposition into one optimization framework. Compared to the existing approaches, our method achieves a superior performance on DECT imaging with respect to decomposition accuracy, noise reduction, and spatial resolution.

  14. Computer-aided detection of clustered microcalcifications in multiscale bilateral filtering regularized reconstructed digital breast tomosynthesis volume

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samala, Ravi K. Chan, Heang-Ping; Lu, Yao; Hadjiiski, Lubomir; Wei, Jun; Helvie, Mark A.; Sahiner, Berkman

    2014-02-15

    Purpose: Develop a computer-aided detection (CADe) system for clustered microcalcifications in digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) volume enhanced with multiscale bilateral filtering (MSBF) regularization. Methods: With Institutional Review Board approval and written informed consent, two-view DBT of 154 breasts, of which 116 had biopsy-proven microcalcification (MC) clusters and 38 were free of MCs, was imaged with a General Electric GEN2 prototype DBT system. The DBT volumes were reconstructed with MSBF-regularized simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique (SART) that was designed to enhance MCs and reduce background noise while preserving the quality of other tissue structures. The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of MCs was further improved with enhancement-modulated calcification response (EMCR) preprocessing, which combined multiscale Hessian response to enhance MCs by shape and bandpass filtering to remove the low-frequency structured background. MC candidates were then located in the EMCR volume using iterative thresholding and segmented by adaptive region growing. Two sets of potential MC objects, cluster centroid objects and MC seed objects, were generated and the CNR of each object was calculated. The number of candidates in each set was controlled based on the breast volume. Dynamic clustering around the centroid objects grouped the MC candidates to form clusters. Adaptive criteria were designed to reduce false positive (FP) clusters based on the size, CNR values and the number of MCs in the cluster, cluster shape, and cluster based maximum intensity projection. Free-response receiver operating characteristic (FROC) and jackknife alternative FROC (JAFROC) analyses were used to assess the performance and compare with that of a previous study. Results: Unpaired two-tailedt-test showed a significant increase (p < 0.0001) in the ratio of CNRs for MCs with and without MSBF regularization compared to similar ratios for FPs. For view-based detection, a sensitivity of 85% was achieved at an FP rate of 2.16 per DBT volume. For case-based detection, a sensitivity of 85% was achieved at an FP rate of 0.85 per DBT volume. JAFROC analysis showed a significant improvement in the performance of the current CADe system compared to that of our previous system (p = 0.003). Conclusions: MBSF regularized SART reconstruction enhances MCs. The enhancement in the signals, in combination with properly designed adaptive threshold criteria, effective MC feature analysis, and false positive reduction techniques, leads to a significant improvement in the detection of clustered MCs in DBT.

  15. Quantum Chaos generates Regularities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Otsuka, Takaharu [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo (Japan); RIKEN (Japan); Center for Nuclear Study, University of Tokyo (Japan); Shimizu, Noritaka [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo (Japan); RIKEN (Japan)

    2005-07-08

    The mechanism of the dominance (preponderance) of the 0+ ground state for random interactions is proposed to be the chaotic realization of the highest rotational symmetry. This is a consequence of a general principle on the chaos and symmetry that the highest symmetry is given to the ground state if sufficient mixing occurs in a chaotic way by a random interaction. Under this symmetry-realization mechanism, the ground-state parity and isospin can be predicted so that the positive parity is favored over the negative parity and the isospin T = 0 state is favored over higher isospin. It is further suggested how one can enhance the realization of highest symmetries within random interactions. Thus, chaos and symmetry are shown to be linked deeply.

  16. NON-RADIAL OSCILLATIONS IN M-GIANT SEMI-REGULAR VARIABLES: STELLAR MODELS AND KEPLER OBSERVATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stello, Dennis; Compton, Douglas L.; Bedding, Timothy R.; Kiss, Laszlo L.; Bellamy, Beau; Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jrgen; Kjeldsen, Hans; Garca, Rafael A.

    2014-06-10

    The success of asteroseismology relies heavily on our ability to identify the frequency patterns of stellar oscillation modes. For stars like the Sun this is relatively easy because the mode frequencies follow a regular pattern described by a well-founded asymptotic relation. When a solar-like star evolves off the main sequence and onto the red giant branch its structure changes dramatically, resulting in changes in the frequency pattern of the modes. We follow the evolution of the adiabatic frequency pattern from the main sequence to near the tip of the red giant branch for a series of models. We find a significant departure from the asymptotic relation for the non-radial modes near the red giant branch tip, resulting in a triplet frequency pattern. To support our investigation we analyze almost four years of Kepler data of the most luminous stars in the field (late K and early M type) and find that their frequency spectra indeed show a triplet pattern dominated by dipole modes even for the most luminous stars in our sample. Our identification explains previous results from ground-based observations reporting fine structure in the Petersen diagram and sub-ridges in the period-luminosity diagram. Finally, we find ''new ridges'' of non-radial modes with frequencies below the fundamental mode in our model calculations, and we speculate they are related to f modes.

  17. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average United States January ............................... 132.9 133.1 129.0 124.5 109.5 123.9 142.9 142.8 137.1 130.5 - 132.2 February ............................. 144.3 144.3

  18. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average United States January ............................... 131.7 131.8 127.9 123.2 108.7 121.7 140.4 140.4 135.1 129.6 - 130.5 February .............................

  19. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average United States January ............................... 136.5 137.2 130.3 127.3 120.9 128.4 150.1 150.2 139.6 137.1 - 138.5 February

  20. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk United States January ..................................... 41,519.2 43,169.0 31,921.8 181,170.4 35,284.7 3,695.7 3,730.6 1,312.7 9,777.3 - February ................................... 41,542.9

  1. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Prices of Petroleum Products Table 28. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average United States January ............................... 132.9 133.1 129.0 124.5 109.5 123.9 142.9 142.8 137.1 130.5 - 132.2 February

  2. Petroleum Marketing Monthly

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    U.S. refi ner motor gasoline prices by grade and sales type dollars per gallon excluding taxes Year month Regular Midgrade Sales to end users Sales for resale Sales to end users Sales for resale Through retail outlets Average[a] DTW Rack Bulk Average Through retail outlets Average[a] DTW Rack Bulk Average 1985 0.925 0.917 - - - 0.843 - - - - - - 1986 0.624 0.616 - - - 0.522 - - - - - - 1987 0.659 0.650 - - - 0.569 - - - - - - 1988 0.649 0.641 - - - 0.548 - - - - - - 1989 0.720 0.714 - - - 0.618

  3. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Gasoline, All Grades",7,"Monthly","12/2015","1/15/1983" ,"Data 2","Regular Gasoline",7,"Monthly","12/2015","1/15/1983" ,"Data 3","Midgrade

  4. U.S. Refiner Sales to End Users (Average) Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Average Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Average DTW Rack Bulk Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Formulation/ Grade Sales Type Jul-15 Aug-15 Sep-15 Oct-15 Nov-15 Dec-15 View History Conventional, Average 2.161 2.057 1.785 1.759 1.601 1.472 1994-2015 Conventional Regular 2.124 2.018 1.743 1.721 1.562 1.431 1994-2015 Conventional Midgrade 2.325 2.229 1.985 1.923

  5. High-speed tapping-mode atomic force microscopy using a Q-controlled regular cantilever acting as the actuator: Proof-of-principle experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balantekin, M.; Sat?r, S.; Torello, D.; De?ertekin, F. L.

    2014-12-15

    We present the proof-of-principle experiments of a high-speed actuation method to be used in tapping-mode atomic force microscopes (AFM). In this method, we do not employ a piezotube actuator to move the tip or the sample as in conventional AFM systems, but, we utilize a Q-controlled eigenmode of a cantilever to perform the fast actuation. We show that the actuation speed can be increased even with a regular cantilever.

  6. Simulation of Canopy CO2/H2O Fluxes for a Rubber (Hevea Brasiliensis) Plantation in Central Cambodia: The Effect of the Regular Spacing of Planted Trees

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumagai, Tomo'omi; Mudd, Ryan; Miyazawa, Yoshiyuki; Liu, Wen; Giambelluca, Thomas; Kobayashi, N.; Lim, Tiva Khan; Jomura, Mayuko; Matsumoto, Kazuho; Huang, Maoyi; Chen, Qi; Ziegler, Alan; Yin, Song

    2013-09-10

    We developed a soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer (SVAT) model applicable to simulating CO2 and H2O fluxes from the canopies of rubber plantations, which are characterized by distinct canopy clumping produced by regular spacing of plantation trees. Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Mll. Arg.) plantations, which are rapidly expanding into both climatically optimal and sub-optimal environments throughout mainland Southeast Asia, potentially change the partitioning of water, energy, and carbon at multiple scales, compared with traditional land covers it is replacing. Describing the biosphere-atmosphere exchange in rubber plantations via SVAT modeling is therefore essential to understanding the impacts on environmental processes. The regular spacing of plantation trees creates a peculiar canopy structure that is not well represented in most SVAT models, which generally assumes a non-uniform spacing of vegetation. Herein we develop a SVAT model applicable to rubber plantation and an evaluation method for its canopy structure, and examine how the peculiar canopy structure of rubber plantations affects canopy CO2 and H2O exchanges. Model results are compared with measurements collected at a field site in central Cambodia. Our findings suggest that it is crucial to account for intensive canopy clumping in order to reproduce observed rubber plantation fluxes. These results suggest a potentially optimal spacing of rubber trees to produce high productivity and water use efficiency.

  7. Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    performance of combined heat and power (CHP) systems in power interruption intolerant ... black-out ride through capability with the CHP systems and the resulting ability to avoid ...

  8. Energy Conservation Tax Credits- Small Premium Projects (Personal)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy conservation projects include projects with investments for which the first year energy savings yields a simple payback period of greater than three years. Projects with a total cost of less...

  9. dropletProbe Premium v1.201

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2015-07-06

    Selects locations of interest for liquid microjunction surface sampling coupled to a subsequent analysis is done in a user friendly way. That information is then transferred to instrument control softwares. In addition, readout of a laser sensor allows for robust probe-to-surface distance measurement. Furthermore, pictures taken by the software from a camera provides feedback to judge on successful microjunction sampling.

  10. Energy Conservation Tax Credits- Small Premium Projects (Corporate)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy conservation projects include projects with investments for which the first year energy savings yields a simple payback period of greater than three years. Projects with a total cost of less...

  11. Regulatory and Commercial Barriers to Introduction of Renewable Super Premium

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Breakout Session 2: Frontiers and Horizons Session 2–B: End Use and Fuel Certification Robert McCormick, Principal Engineer in Fuels Performance, National Renewable Energy Laboratory

  12. Retail Prices for Regular Gasoline

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    724 1.730 1.783 1.841 1.961 2.007 1990-2016 East Coast (PADD1) 1.755 1.734 1.738 1.779 1.884 1.938 1992-2016 New England (PADD 1A) 1.798 1.777 1.770 1.778 1.885 1.919 1993-2016 ...

  13. Scalar relativistic computations of nuclear magnetic shielding and g-shifts with the zeroth-order regular approximation and range-separated hybrid density functionals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aquino, Fredy W.; Govind, Niranjan; Autschbach, Jochen

    2011-10-01

    Density functional theory (DFT) calculations of NMR chemical shifts and molecular g-tensors with Gaussian-type orbitals are implemented via second-order energy derivatives within the scalar relativistic zeroth order regular approximation (ZORA) framework. Nonhybrid functionals, standard (global) hybrids, and range-separated (Coulomb-attenuated, long-range corrected) hybrid functionals are tested. Origin invariance of the results is ensured by use of gauge-including atomic orbital (GIAO) basis functions. The new implementation in the NWChem quantum chemistry package is verified by calculations of nuclear shielding constants for the heavy atoms in HX (X=F, Cl, Br, I, At) and H2X (X = O, S, Se, Te, Po), and Te chemical shifts in a number of tellurium compounds. The basis set and functional dependence of g-shifts is investigated for 14 radicals with light and heavy atoms. The problem of accurately predicting F NMR shielding in UF6-nCln, n = 1 to 6, is revisited. The results are sensitive to approximations in the density functionals, indicating a delicate balance of DFT self-interaction vs. correlation. For the uranium halides, the results with the range-separated functionals are mixed.

  14. Experimental studies on heat transfer and friction factor characteristics of laminar flow through a circular tube fitted with regularly spaced helical screw-tape inserts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sivashanmugam, P.; Suresh, S. [Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli 620 015, Tamil Nadu (India)

    2007-02-15

    Experimental investigation of heat transfer and friction factor characteristics of circular tube fitted with full-length helical screw element of different twist ratio, and helical screw inserts with spacer length 100, 200, 300 and 400mm have been studied with uniform heat flux under laminar flow condition. The experimental data obtained are verified with those obtained from plain tube published data. The effect of spacer length on heat transfer augmentation and friction factor, and the effect of twist ratio on heat transfer augmentation and friction factor have been presented separately. The decrease in Nusselt number for the helical twist with spacer length is within 10% for each subsequent 100mm increase in spacer length. The decrease in friction factor is nearly two times lower than the full length helical twist at low Reynolds number, and four times lower than the full length helical twist at high Reynolds number for all twist ratio. The regularly spaced helical screw inserts can safely be used for heat transfer augmentation without much increase in pressure drop than full length helical screw inserts. (author)

  15. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    10. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Year Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average 1994 ............................... 76.4 75.8 72.0 56.9 54.3 63.8 87.9 87.3 77.0 62.8 W 72.8 1995 ............................... 74.9 74.4 70.7 60.5 57.3 65.0 83.6 83.3 75.3

  16. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type (Million Gallons per Day) Year Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total 1994 ............................... 0.6 0.6 2.1 1.6 0.6 4.3 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.3 W 1.0 1995 ............................... 7.8 8.1 20.7 W W 43.3 3.0 3.1 7.4 3.1 - 10.5 1996

  17. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Year Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average Through Retail Outlets Average a DTW Rack Bulk Average 1994 ............................... 68.7 68.1 63.6 54.5 50.0 55.8 78.4 77.8 69.4 NA NA 62.7 1995 ............................... 71.0 70.4 65.1 57.0 52.5 57.3 80.0 79.4 71.1 61.0

  18. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type (Million Gallons per Day) Year Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total 1994 ............................... 29.7 31.2 36.1 113.5 22.8 172.4 7.6 7.8 10.1 14.6 0.1 24.8 1995 ............................... 24.0 25.3 19.4 105.1 26.0 150.5 6.0 6.3 5.1 13.6 0.1 18.7 1996

  19. U.S. Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Total Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Total DTW Rack Bulk Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Sales Type Area Jul-15 Aug-15 Sep-15 Oct-15 Nov-15 Dec-15 View History Motor Gasoline 26,309.2 26,005.0 25,747.8 25,931.3 25,152.0 25,289.7 1983-2015 by Grade Regular 21,835.0 21,512.8 21,274.2 21,464.1 20,751.5 20,884.6 1983-2015 Midgrade 1,803.6 1,799.5 1,786.3

  20. Petroleum Marketing Monthly

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    U.S. refi ner reformulated motor gasoline prices by grade and sales type dollars per gallon excluding taxes Year month Regular Midgrade Sales to end users Sales for resale Sales to end users Sales for resale Through retail outlets Average[a] DTW Rack Bulk Average Through retail outlets Average[a] DTW Rack Bulk Average 1994 0.764 0.758 0.720 0.569 0.543 0.638 0.879 0.873 0.770 0.628 W 0.728 1995 0.749 0.744 0.707 0.605 0.573 0.650 0.836 0.833 0.753 0.651 - 0.723 1996 0.834 0.830 0.788 0.698 0.677

  1. Petroleum Marketing Monthly

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    U.S. refi ner conven onal motor gasoline prices by grade and sales type dollars per gallon excluding taxes Year month Regular Midgrade Sales to end users Sales for resale Sales to end users Sales for resale Through retail outlets Average[a] DTW Rack Bulk Average Through retail outlets Average[a] DTW Rack Bulk Average 1994 0.687 0.681 0.636 0.545 0.500 0.558 0.784 0.778 0.694 NA NA 0.627 1995 0.710 0.704 0.651 0.570 0.525 0.573 0.800 0.794 0.711 0.610 NA 0.637 1996 0.797 0.791 0.743 0.665 0.607

  2. Word Pro - S9

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    6 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review February 2016 Table 9.4 Retail Motor Gasoline and On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices (Dollars a per Gallon, Including Taxes) Platt's / Bureau of Labor Statistics Data U.S. Energy Information Administration Data Motor Gasoline by Grade Regular Motor Gasoline by Area Type On-Highway Diesel Fuel Leaded Regular Unleaded Regular Unleaded Premium b All Grades c Conventional Gasoline Areas d Reformulated Gasoline Areas e All Areas 1950 Average

  3. POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #31 - Procedures for Regularizing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    andor priority consideration for veterans' preference eligibles andor non-veterans' preference applicants under both Delegated Examining and Merit Promotion selection cases. ...

  4. Benefits Summary - Regular Employees | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    that encourage a positive work-life balance. Some of these amenities include a 24-hour fitness center, yoga and Pilates classes, on-site bike share transportation, multiple cafes...

  5. Retail Prices for Regular Gasoline - Reformulated Areas

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2.017 1.961 1994-2016 East Coast (PADD1) 1.997 1.975 1.906 1.880 1.850 1.806 1994-2016 New England (PADD 1A) 2.025 1.988 1.934 1.904 1.875 1.827 1994-2016 Central Atlantic (PADD...

  6. Retail Prices for Regular Gasoline - Conventional Areas

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1.933 1.922 1990-2016 East Coast (PADD1) 2.075 2.060 2.033 2.029 2.013 2.000 1992-2016 New England (PADD 1A) 2.205 2.197 2.156 2.130 2.106 2.097 1993-2016 Central Atlantic (PADD...

  7. Total-Variation Regularized Numerical Differentiation, Version...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    noise amplification. Licensing Status: Available for Express Licensing (?). This software is open source. To download, please visit the TVDif website. For more information,...

  8. Presentation Title, Arial Regular 29pt Sub title, Arial Regular 24pt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research A partnership between CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology Updraft Characteristics of Convection During TWP-ICE and Links to Microphysical Habits Scott Collis, Alain Protat, Peter May and Kao-Shen Chung 19 th ARM Science Team Meeting www.cawcr.gov.au Introduction/Program goals Link between updraft characteristics and anvil Cloud properties Link between updraft characteristics and anvil Cloud properties Introduction/Program goals TWP-ICE Forcing

  9. Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California, September 2008

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This report analyzes the current economic and environmental performance of combined heat and power (CHP) systems in power interruption intolerant commercial facilities in California.

  10. DOE Premium Class Travel Reports for FY 09 and FY 13

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    #1 Travel Mode 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Fiscal Year 2009 FIRST CLASS TRAVEL REPORT Type name of reporting agency here. Point of Contact : Phone Number: Fax Number: Email Address: ROSSANA BALLANTINE 301-903-9936 301-903-2853 Rossana Ballantine@hg.doe.gov Reporting Period : October 1, 2008 - Sept ember 30, 2009 Total Number of Records Reported: Total Cost of First Class Accomodations Reported: Total Cost of Alternative Coach-Class Accomodations Reported: Traveler Origin

  11. Increasing Biofuel Deployment and Utilization through Development of Renewable Super Premium: Infrastructure Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moriarty, K.; Kass, M.; Theiss, T.

    2014-11-01

    A high octane fuel and specialized vehicle are under consideration as a market opportunity to meet federal requirements for renewable fuel use and fuel economy. Infrastructure is often cited as a barrier for the introduction of a new fuel. This report assesses infrastructure readiness for E25 (25% ethanol; 75% gasoline) and E25+ (more than 25% ethanol). Both above-ground and below-ground equipment are considered as are the current state of stations, codes and regulations, and materials compatibility.

  12. Final Report: Assessment of Combined Heat and Power Premium Power Applications in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norwood, Zack; Lipman, Tim; Marnay, Chris; Kammen, Dan

    2008-09-30

    This report analyzes the current economic and environmental performance of combined heat and power (CHP) systems in power interruption intolerant commercial facilities. Through a series of three case studies, key trade-offs are analyzed with regard to the provision of black-out ridethrough capability with the CHP systems and the resutling ability to avoid the need for at least some diesel backup generator capacity located at the case study sites. Each of the selected sites currently have a CHP or combined heating, cooling, and power (CCHP) system in addition to diesel backup generators. In all cases the CHP/CCHP system have a small fraction of the electrical capacity of the diesel generators. Although none of the selected sites currently have the ability to run the CHP systems as emergency backup power, all could be retrofitted to provide this blackout ride-through capability, and new CHP systems can be installed with this capability. The following three sites/systems were used for this analysis: (1) Sierra Nevada Brewery - Using 1MW of installed Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells operating on a combination of digestor gas (from the beer brewing process) and natural gas, this facility can produce electricty and heat for the brewery and attached bottling plant. The major thermal load on-site is to keep the brewing tanks at appropriate temperatures. (2) NetApp Data Center - Using 1.125 MW of Hess Microgen natural gas fired reciprocating engine-generators, with exhaust gas and jacket water heat recovery attached to over 300 tons of of adsorption chillers, this combined cooling and power system provides electricity and cooling to a data center with a 1,200 kW peak electrical load. (3) Kaiser Permanente Hayward Hospital - With 180kW of Tecogen natural gas fired reciprocating engine-generators this CHP system generates steam for space heating, and hot water for a city hospital. For all sites, similar assumptions are made about the economic and technological constraints of the power generation system. Using the Distributed Energy Resource Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) developed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, we model three representative scenarios and find the optimal operation scheduling, yearly energy cost, and energy technology investments for each scenario below: Scenario 1 - Diesel generators and CHP/CCHP equipment as installed in the current facility. Scenario 1 represents a baseline forced investment in currently installed energy equipment. Scenario 2 - Existing CHP equipment installed with blackout ride-through capability to replace approximately the same capacity of diesel generators. In Scenario 2 the cost of the replaced diesel units is saved, however additional capital cost for the controls and switchgear for blackout ride-through capability is necessary. Scenario 3 - Fully optimized site analysis, allowing DER-CAM to specify the number of diesel and CHP/CCHP units (with blackout ride-through capability) that should be installed ignoring any constraints on backup generation. Scenario 3 allows DER-CAM to optimize scheduling and number of generation units from the currently available technologies at a particular site. The results of this analysis, using real data to model the optimal schedulding of hypothetical and actual CHP systems for a brewery, data center, and hospital, lead to some interesting conclusions. First, facilities with high heating loads will typically prove to be the most appropriate for CHP installation from a purely economic standpoint. Second, absorption/adsorption cooling systems may only be economically feasible if the technology for these chillers can increase above current best system efficiency. At a coefficient of performance (COP) of 0.8, for instance, an adsorption chiller paired with a natural gas generator with waste heat recovery at a facility with large cooling loads, like a data center, will cost no less on a yearly basis than purchasing electricity and natural gas directly from a utility. Third, at marginal additional cost, if the reliability of CHP systems proves to be at

  13. H. R. 1652: A Bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to extend for 5 years the energy investment credit for solar energy and geothermal property and to allow such credit against the entire regular tax and the alternative minimum tax, introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, March 22, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    The amount of the allowable energy tax credit shall not exceed the net chapter 1 tax for any year. The net chapter 1 tax is defined as the sum of the regular tax liability and the tax imposed by section 55 of the Tax Code reduced by the sum of the credits allowable under this new section. The tax credit would apply until December 31, 1996.

  14. Kinder Morgan Central Florida Pipeline Ethanol Project

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    KINDER MORGAN CENTRAL FLORIDA PIPELINE ETHANOL PROJECT  In December 2008, Kinder Morgan began transporting commercial batches of denatured ethanol along with gasoline shipments in its 16-inch Central Florida Pipeline (CFPL) from Tampa to Orlando, making CFPL the first transmarket gasoline pipeline in the United States to do so. The 16-inch pipeline previously only transported regular and premium gasoline.  Kinder Morgan invested approximately $10 million to modify the line for ethanol

  15. Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2.016 1.959 1.943 1.938 1.954 2.052 1993-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 2.088 2.038 2.015 2.017 2.027 2.105 1994-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 1.972 1.911 1.898 1.889 1.910 2.019 1994-2016 Regular 1.879 1.822 1.807 1.802 1.819 1.922 1993-2016 Conventional Areas 1.967 1.917 1.900 1.899 1.910 1.990 1993-2016 Reformulated Areas 1.823 1.762 1.749 1.742 1.762 1.879 1994-2016 Midgrade 2.156 2.091 2.072 2.069 2.084 2.175 1994-2016 Conventional Areas 2.190 2.124 2.101 2.105 2.113 2.191

  16. East Coast (PADD 1) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    36 1.898 1.876 1.880 1.918 2.020 1993-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 1.928 1.897 1.873 1.884 1.935 2.029 1994-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 1.950 1.899 1.882 1.874 1.891 2.006 1994-2016 Regular 1.794 1.755 1.734 1.738 1.779 1.884 1992-2016 Conventional Areas 1.786 1.755 1.733 1.744 1.798 1.892 1992-2016 Reformulated Areas 1.806 1.755 1.737 1.729 1.749 1.871 1994-2016 Midgrade 2.075 2.033 2.014 2.016 2.053 2.148 1994-2016 Conventional Areas 2.047 2.010 1.991 1.999 2.049 2.142

  17. Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    67 1.632 1.631 1.662 1.706 1.850 1993-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 1.673 1.638 1.641 1.666 1.705 1.854 1994-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 1.646 1.610 1.599 1.648 1.710 1.839 1994-2016 Regular 1.561 1.528 1.526 1.559 1.603 1.746 1992-2016 Conventional Areas 1.568 1.536 1.536 1.565 1.603 1.751 1992-2016 Reformulated Areas 1.538 1.502 1.491 1.538 1.603 1.732 1994-2016 Midgrade 1.805 1.764 1.762 1.792 1.834 1.980 1994-2016 Conventional Areas 1.809 1.766 1.767 1.790 1.829 1.977

  18. Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    868 1.843 1.818 1.831 1.896 2.002 1993-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 1.872 1.847 1.823 1.838 1.904 2.004 1994-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 1.818 1.798 1.763 1.760 1.803 1.983 1994-2016 Regular 1.716 1.692 1.667 1.681 1.749 1.856 1993-2016 Conventional Areas 1.722 1.697 1.673 1.689 1.759 1.859 1993-2016 Reformulated Areas 1.658 1.640 1.601 1.594 1.642 1.825 1994-2016 Midgrade 2.005 1.975 1.956 1.963 2.024 2.128 1994-2016 Conventional Areas 2.004 1.974 1.956 1.965 2.028 2.127

  19. Midwest (PADD 2) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    02 1.606 1.693 1.803 1.896 2.012 1993-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 1.597 1.595 1.682 1.793 1.886 1.984 1994-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 1.636 1.673 1.761 1.869 1.958 2.188 1994-2016 Regular 1.518 1.522 1.609 1.722 1.815 1.929 1992-2016 Conventional Areas 1.517 1.515 1.602 1.716 1.810 1.905 1992-2016 Reformulated Areas 1.529 1.566 1.654 1.764 1.851 2.085 1994-2016 Midgrade 1.747 1.752 1.840 1.943 2.034 2.158 1994-2016 Conventional Areas 1.734 1.733 1.822 1.924 2.015 2.125

  20. New England (PADD 1A) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    67 1.927 1.906 1.899 1.903 1.999 1993-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 2.021 1.980 1.963 1.958 1.969 2.042 1994-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 1.954 1.914 1.891 1.884 1.886 1.988 1994-2016 Regular 1.842 1.798 1.777 1.770 1.778 1.885 1993-2016 Conventional Areas 1.903 1.857 1.841 1.832 1.848 1.932 1993-2016 Reformulated Areas 1.827 1.783 1.760 1.754 1.761 1.873 1994-2016 Midgrade 2.170 2.138 2.114 2.110 2.100 2.167 1994-2016 Conventional Areas 2.210 2.181 2.166 2.164 2.167 2.209

  1. New York Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2.102 2.050 2.042 2.025 2.036 2.095 2000-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 2.090 2.046 2.039 2.019 2.024 2.085 2000-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 2.113 2.054 2.045 2.031 2.047 2.104 2000-2016 Regular 1.976 1.921 1.917 1.900 1.910 1.976 2000-2016 Conventional Areas 1.978 1.928 1.930 1.909 1.914 1.983 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 1.973 1.916 1.905 1.892 1.907 1.969 2000-2016 Midgrade 2.240 2.188 2.177 2.157 2.170 2.220 2000-2016 Conventional Areas 2.194 2.158 2.134 2.115 2.120 2.177

  2. PADD 5 Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2.379 2.283 2.206 2.277 2.313 2.463 1993-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 2.140 2.066 2.020 2.018 2.054 2.172 1995-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 2.476 2.372 2.283 2.382 2.418 2.581 1995-2016 Regular 2.312 2.217 2.141 2.208 2.244 2.394 1992-2016 Conventional Areas 2.073 1.998 1.953 1.951 1.987 2.106 1992-2016 Reformulated Areas 2.416 2.312 2.223 2.320 2.356 2.520 1994-2016 Midgrade 2.493 2.398 2.319 2.403 2.434 2.587 1994-2016 Conventional Areas 2.274 2.207 2.159 2.157 2.191 2.311

  3. Texas Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    663 1.625 1.617 1.646 1.701 1.840 2000-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 1.674 1.635 1.629 1.645 1.695 1.841 2000-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 1.646 1.610 1.599 1.648 1.710 1.839 2000-2016 Regular 1.564 1.527 1.519 1.548 1.604 1.741 2000-2016 Conventional Areas 1.580 1.543 1.537 1.554 1.605 1.748 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 1.538 1.502 1.491 1.538 1.603 1.732 2000-2016 Midgrade 1.809 1.768 1.759 1.791 1.841 1.989 2000-2016 Conventional Areas 1.821 1.776 1.769 1.784 1.833 1.987

  4. U.S. Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    870 1.834 1.837 1.887 1.943 2.062 1993-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 1.773 1.747 1.767 1.817 1.882 1.988 1994-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 2.068 2.010 1.980 2.030 2.067 2.214 1994-2016 Regular 1.759 1.724 1.730 1.783 1.841 1.961 1990-2016 Conventional Areas 1.663 1.638 1.661 1.715 1.782 1.888 1990-2016 Reformulated Areas 1.961 1.904 1.874 1.925 1.964 2.116 1994-2016 Midgrade 2.025 1.984 1.983 2.029 2.081 2.200 1994-2016 Conventional Areas 1.915 1.885 1.902 1.943 2.005 2.114

  5. West Coast less California Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    082 2.009 1.945 1.935 1.974 2.114 1998-2016 All Grades - Conventional Areas 2.140 2.066 2.020 2.018 2.054 2.172 2000-2016 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 1.803 1.737 1.590 1.540 1.592 1.837 1998-2016 Regular 2.012 1.938 1.875 1.865 1.904 2.045 1998-2016 Conventional Areas 2.073 1.998 1.953 1.951 1.987 2.106 2000-2016 Reformulated Areas 1.715 1.647 1.501 1.452 1.504 1.750 1998-2016 Midgrade 2.215 2.149 2.083 2.071 2.109 2.251 1998-2016 Conventional Areas 2.274 2.207 2.159 2.157 2.191 2.311

  6. A fast map-making preconditioner for regular scanning patterns

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nss, Sigurd K.; Louis, Thibaut E-mail: thibaut.louis@astro.ox.ac.uk

    2014-08-01

    High-resolution Maximum Likelihood map-making of the Cosmic Microwave Background is usually performed using Conjugate Gradients with a preconditioner that ignores noise correlations. We here present a new preconditioner that approximates the map noise covariance as circulant, and show that this results in a speedup of up to 400% for a realistic scanning pattern from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope. The improvement is especially large for polarized maps.

  7. Detecting regular sound changes in linguistics as events of concerted...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    other evolving group. less Authors: Hruschka, Daniel J. 1 ; Branford, Simon 2 ; Smith, Eric D. 3 ; Wilkins, Jon 4 ; Meade, Andrew 2 ; Pagel, Mark 5 ; Bhattacharya,...

  8. Scaling Up Coordinate Descent Algorithms for Large ?1 Regularization Problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scherrer, Chad; Halappanavar, Mahantesh; Tewari, Ambuj; Haglin, David J.

    2012-07-03

    We present a generic framework for parallel coordinate descent (CD) algorithms that has as special cases the original sequential algorithms of Cyclic CD and Stochastic CD, as well as the recent parallel Shotgun algorithm of Bradley et al. We introduce two novel parallel algorithms that are also special cases---Thread-Greedy CD and Coloring-Based CD---and give performance measurements for an OpenMP implementation of these.

  9. GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM # 31 PROCEDURES FOR REGULARIZING ILLEGAL APPOINTMENT .pdf

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

  10. POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #31- Procedures for Regularizing Illegal Appointments

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As part of the Department’s ongoing effort to ensure the integrity of merit system principles (§5 USC 2301(b)) and to prevent the appearance of, or violation of any of the prohibited personnel...

  11. Engineering development of advanced physical fine coal cleaning for premium fuel applications: Subtask 3.3 - dewatering studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoon, R. H.; Phillips, D. I.; Sohn, S. M.; Luttrell, G. H.

    1996-10-01

    If successful, the novel Hydrophobic Dewatering (HD) process being developed in this project will be capable of efficiently removing moisture from fine coal without the expense and other related drawbacks associated with mechanical dewatering or thermal drying. In the HD process, a hydrophobic substance is added to a coal-water slurry to displace water from the surface of coal, while the spent hydrophobic substance is recovered for recycling. For this process to have commercialization potential, the amount of butane lost during the process must be small. Earlier testing revealed the ability of the hydrophobic dewatering process to reduce the moisture content of fine coal to a very low amount as well as the determination of potential butane losses by the adsorption of butane onto the coal surface. Work performed in this quarter showed that the state of oxidation affects the amount of butane adsorbed onto the surface of the coal and also affects the final moisture content. the remaining work will involve a preliminary flowsheet of a continuous bench-scale unit and a review of the economics of the system. 1 tab.

  12. Clean, premium-quality chars: Demineralized and carbon enriched. Quarterly report, December 1, 1991--February 29, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, G.V.

    1992-08-01

    The interaction of methane, methane/oxygen, helium, and hydrogen with IBC-102 coal samples ({le} 2mg) has been investigated in a thermogravimetric reactor at 20{degrees}C--650{degrees}C. The results show that the reactive gases are converting some of the mineral matter of the coal into catalysts through chemical reactions (reduction or oxidation). Also, these gases (except He) dissolve in the softened coal. Added clays (kaolinite and Ca-montmorillonite) increase the reactivity of the coal. This higher reactivity may be attributed to the fact that clays may serve as catalysts for methane activation, may prevent the coal agglomeration, and/or may increase the number of active sites for the reaction by modification of the geometric structure of the coal surface. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) experiments show that clean coal (no mineral matter) devolatilizes at a lower temperature than raw coal. Also, the preoxidation at 150{degrees}C for 50 minutes results in a 13{degrees} lowering of the devolatilization temperature. ISDR-FTIR experiments suggest that phenol groups of the coal play an important role in the cross-linkage of the coal structure when thermally treated.

  13. Clean, premium-quality chars: Demineralized and carbon enriched. Technical report, December 1, 1992--February 28, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, G.V.; Malhotra, V.M.; Wiltowski, T.; Myszka, E.; Banerjee, D.

    1993-05-01

    The overall objective of this two-year project is to evaluate methods of preparing demineralized and carbon enriched chars from Illinois Basin coals. There are two processing steps: physical cleaning of the coal and devolatilization under different environments to form chars. Two different techniques were used: BET surface area analyzer and in-situ Diffuse Reflectance FTIR. Experiments were performed with coals IBC-101, 102, and 104 as received and after cleaning. It was found that the cleaning not only removes the minerals but has changed also the porous structure of the coals. DR-FTIR spectrums helped to explain the possible existing chemical bonds in the coal structure as well as their changes during drying and mild pyrolysis.

  14. Clean, premium-quality chars: Demineralized and carbon enriched. Final technical report, 1 September, 1992--31 August, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, G.V.; Malhotra, V.M.; Wiltowski, T.

    1993-12-31

    The overall objective of this two-year project was to evaluate methods of preparing demineralized and carbon enriched chars from Illinois Basin coals. The two processing steps, physical cleaning and devolatilization under different environments, led to the following results. Cleaning coal incompletely removes mineral matter which decreases catalytic activity and increases micropore structure. Water forms hydrogen bonds to oxygen functional groups in coal, and during drying, coals undergo structural changes which affect mild gasification. When methane reacts wit coal, devolatilization and carbon deposition occur, the rates of which depend on temperature and amount of ash. Thermal decomposition of IBC-101 coal starts at 300 C, which is much lower than previously believed, but maximum yields of liquids occur at 500 C for IBC-101 coal and at 550 C for IBC-102 coal. Aliphatic-to-aromatic ratios increase with increasing pyrolysis temperatures to 300 C and then decrease; therefore, liquids formed during gasification of 550 C or higher contain mainly aromatic compounds. Btu values of chars are higher after methane treatment than after helium treatment.

  15. Clean, premium-quality chars: Demineralized and carbon enriched. [Quarterly] technical report, March 1, 1993--May 31, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, G.V.; Malhotra, V.M.; Wiltowski, T.; Myszka, E.

    1993-09-01

    The overall objective of this two-year project is to evaluate methods of preparing demineralized and carbon enriched chars from Illinois Basin coals. There are two processing steps: physical cleaning of the coal and devolatilization under different environments to form chars. Two differents techniques were used, in-situ Diffuse Reflectance FTIR measurements and BTU measurements. Experiments were performed with coals IBC-101, 102, and 104 as received and after cleaning. DR-FTIR spectrums helped to explain the possible existing chemical bonds in the coal structure as well as their changes during drying and mild pyrolysis. Drying coal causes hydrogen bonds between water and coal to be broken. Liquids produced above 500{degrees}C are much higher in aromatic content, thus, effectively reducing the concentration of aliphatic groups in the overall liquid yield. BTU values of coals after methane treatment are higher than after helium treatment.

  16. Clean, premium-quality chars: Demineralized and carbon enriched. Final technical report, September 1, 1991--August 31, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, G.V.; Malhotra, V.M.; Wiltowski, T.

    1992-12-31

    The overall objective of this two-year project is to evaluate methods of preparing demineralized and carbon enriched chars from Minois Basin coal. There are two processing steps: physical cleaning of the coal and devolatilization of coal under different environments (He, H{sub 2}, He/O{sub 2}, CH{sub 4}, and CH{sub 4}/O{sub 2}) to form chars. Also, as-received and clean coal samples were mixed with hectorite, Ca-montmorillonite, and kaolinite to evaluate the potential effects of these clays on chars yield and agglomeration during devolatilization processes. Three different techniques were used: thermogravimetric analysis, differential thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and in-situ diffuse reflectance FTIR (ISDR-FTIR). Thermogravimetric measurements showed that reactive gases (except He) dissolve in the softened coal. Also, these gases convert some of the coal mineral matter into catalyst by chemical reduction and oxidation. Coal reactivity increases by adding clays because they may be catalyst for methane activation, may prevent coal agglomeration, and may modify the geometric structure of the coal surface. DSC measurements show that clean coal devolatilizes at a lower temperature than as-received sample and preoxidation lowers the devolatilization temperature. Additionally, kaolinite addition increase yields of chars from IBC-102 coal in He. In-situ diffuse reflectance FTIR experiments show that thermal decomposition of coal either increases -CH{sub 3}, content in char or alters the physical structure of -CH{sub 3}. Also, phenol groups of the coal play an important role in cross-linkage the coal structure when coal is thermally treated.

  17. Domestic petroleum-product prices around the world. Survey: free market or government price controls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-27

    In this issue, Energy Detente draws from their regular Western and Eastern Hemisphere Fuel Price/Tax Series, each produced monthly, and adds other survey data and analysis for a broad view of 48 countries around the world. They find that seven Latin American nations, including OPEC members Venezuela and Ecuador, are among the ten countries with lowest gasoline prices. In this Fourth Special Price Report, Energy Detente provides a first-time presentation of which prices are government-controlled, and which are free to respond to market forces. South Korea, with fixed prices since 1964, has the highest premium-grade gasoline price in our survey, US $5.38 per gallon. Paraguay, with prices fixed by PETROPAR, the national oil company, has the second highest premium gasoline price, US $4.21 per gallon. Nicaragua, also with government price controls, ranks third highest in the survey, with US $3.38 per gallon for premium gasoline. Kuwait shows the lowest price at US $0.55 per gallon. Several price changes from the previous survey reflect changes in currency exchange as all prices are converted to US dollars. The Energy Detente fuel price/tax series is presented for Western Hemisphere countries.

  18. Fuel Cell Tax Incentives: How Monetization Lowers the Government Outlay

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tax Incentives: How Monetization Lowers the Government Outlay By: Lee J. Peterson, Esq. Reznick Group, P.C. February 19, 2009 The Big Picture: Financing with Private Capital Income/Excise Tax Credits Depreciation Deductions - Regular and Accelerated Income Exclusions CREBS Income/Premium State Tax Credits Sales/Property Tax Exemptions Grants/Subsidies Rebates Buy-Downs Loan Guarantees REC Sales Tax-Exempt Debt Financing C F S B R T B R G Building Business Value February 19, 2009 1 § 45

  19. Making Better Use of Ethanol as a Transportation Fuel With "Renewable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Making Better Use of Ethanol as a Transportation Fuel With "Renewable Super Premium" Making Better Use of Ethanol as a Transportation Fuel With "Renewable Super Premium" Breakout...

  20. Buydown and Buyout Approaches for Federal Utility Energy Service...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The federal government can reduce its costs associated with prepayments (such as the termination liability premium, interest rate premium, or make-whole penalties) by limiting ...

  1. Colorado Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Conventional Areas 1.910 1.877 1.849 1.875 1.856 1.844 2000-2016 Midgrade 2.160 2.132 2.100 2.132 2.106 2.097 2000-2016 Conventional Areas 2.160 2.132 2.100 2.132 2.106...

  2. Irregular-regular-irregular mixed mode oscillations in a glow discharge plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghosh, Sabuj Shaw, Pankaj Kumar Saha, Debajyoti Janaki, M. S. Iyengar, A. N. Sekar

    2015-05-15

    Floating potential fluctuations of a glow discharge plasma are found to exhibit different kinds of mixed mode oscillations. Power spectrum analysis reveals that with change in the nature of the mixed mode oscillation (MMO), there occurs a transfer of power between the different harmonics and subharmonics. The variation in the chaoticity of different types of mmo was observed with the study of Lyapunov exponents. Estimates of correlation dimension and the Hurst exponent suggest that these MMOs are of low dimensional nature with an anti persistent character. Numerical modeling also reflects the experimentally found transitions between the different MMOs.

  3. 87th regular meeting of the Rocky Mountain Coal Mining Institute: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finnie, D.G.

    1991-01-01

    Eleven papers are included in these proceedings. Topics include management of coal mining operations, improving mine health and safety, new technologies for longwall mining, coal haulage, coal drying, a demonstration of the LFC process, and state of the art in mining automation. All eleven papers have been processed for inclusion on the data base.

  4. Regular and chaotic quantum dynamics in atom-diatom reactive collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gevorkyan, A. S., E-mail: g_ashot@sci.a [IIAP/IAPP NAS of Armenia (Armenia); Bogdanov, A. V., E-mail: bogdanov@csa.r [Institute for High Performance Computing and Information Systems (Russian Federation); Nyman, G., E-mail: nyman@chem.gu.s [University of Gothenburg, Department of Chemistry (Sweden)

    2008-05-15

    A new microirreversible 3D theory of quantum multichannel scattering in the three-body system is developed. The quantum approach is constructed on the generating trajectory tubes which allow taking into account influence of classical nonintegrability of the dynamical quantum system. When the volume of classical chaos in phase space is larger than the quantum cell in the corresponding quantum system, quantum chaos is generated. The probability of quantum transitions is constructed for this case. The collinear collision of the Li + (FH) {sup {yields}}(LiF) + H system is used for numerical illustration of a system generating quantum (wave) chaos.

  5. Numerical reconstruction of photon-number statistics from photocounting statistics: Regularization of an ill-posed problem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starkov, V. N.; Semenov, A. A.; Gomonay, H. V.

    2009-07-15

    We demonstrate a practical possibility of loss compensation in measured photocounting statistics in the presence of dark counts and background radiation noise. It is shown that satisfactory results are obtained even in the case of low detection efficiency and large experimental errors.

  6. Catalysts for the selective hydrogenation of unsaturated compounds consisting of alumina particles with a regular palladium distribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beren Glyum, A.S.; Goranskaya, T.P.; Karel'skii, V.V.; Lakhman, L.I.; Mund, S.L.; Zolotukhin, V.E.

    1986-08-01

    A study was carried out on the possibility of preparation of heterogeneous palladium catalysts for the selective hydrogenation of unsaturated compounds with different distributions of the active component on ..gamma..-Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ granules. A regression equation was obtained relating the parameters of the preparation of these catalysts (palladium concentration in solution, temperature, impregnation time and pH) with the extent of the penetration of palladium into the support granule (l). A relationship was established between the parameters (l), palladium concentration in the catalyst, activity and selectivity in the hydrogenation of dienes in liquid pyrolysis products. The extremal curves for activity and selectivity are explained with the framework of a model taking account of the effect on the concentration of the active component, its dispersion, and the reaction conditions on the hydrogenation parameters.

  7. Demand for superpremium needle cokes on upswing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Acciarri, J.A.; Stockman, G.H. )

    1989-12-01

    The authors discuss how recent supply shortages of super-premium quality needle cokes, plus the expectation of increased shortfalls in the future, indicate that refiners should consider upgrading their operations to fill these demands. Calcined, super-premium needle cokes are currently selling for as much as $550/metric ton, fob producer, and increasing demand will continue the upward push of the past year. Needle coke, in its calcined form, is the major raw material in the manufacture of graphite electrodes. Used in steelmaking, graphite electrodes are the electrical conductors that supply the heat source, through arcing electrode column tips, to electric arc steel furnaces. Needle coke is commercially available in three grades - super premium, premium, and intermediate. Super premium is used to produce electrodes for the most severe electric arc furnace steelmaking applications, premium for electrodes destined to less severe operations, and intermediate for even less critical needs.

  8. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Agricultural Equipment, CustomOthers pending approval, Other EE, LED Lighting, Tankless Water Heater Energy Conservation Tax Credits- Small Premium Projects (Corporate) Energy...

  9. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    for commercial and industrial lighting, as well as industrial process upgrades, on a case-by-case basis. Eligible industrial processes upgrades include premium... Eligibility:...

  10. WP-07-A-05A, Appendix A to the 2007 Supplemental Wholesale Power...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (rate) FY Fiscal Year (Oct-Sep) GAAP Generally Accepted Accounting Principles GEP Green Energy Premium GRSPs General Rate Schedule Provisions GSP Generation System Peak GTA...

  11. Norwich Public Utilities- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Norwich Public Utilities (NPU) provides rebates to its commercial, industrial, institutional, and agricultural customers for high-efficiency HVAC systems, premium efficiency electric motors,...

  12. DOE/EIA-M059(2010)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    lignite, and premium), sulfur content (compliancelow, medium, high), and mining type (deep, surface, above ground, underground). U.S. Energy Information Administration NEMS...

  13. APPENDIX B

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    lignite, and premium), sulfur content (compliancelow, medium, high), and mining type (deep, surface, above ground, underground). These curves are linked to 14 coal demand...

  14. PMMpart1.PDF

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    lignite, and premium), sulfur content (compliancelow, medium, high), and mining type (deep, surface, above ground, underground). These curves are linked to 14 coal demand...

  15. APPENDIX B

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    lignite, and premium), sulfur content (compliancelow, medium, high), and mining type (deep, surface, above ground, underground). U.S. Energy Information Administration NEMS...

  16. DOE/EIA-M059(2007)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    lignite, and premium), sulfur content (compliancelow, medium, high), and mining type (deep, surface, above ground, underground). These curves are linked to 14 coal demand...

  17. Energy Information Administration NEMS Petroleum Market Model...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    lignite, and premium), sulfur content (compliancelow, medium, high), and mining type (deep, surface, above ground, underground). These curves are linked to 14 coal demand...

  18. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    exceeding normal levels by 40 and 18 percent, respectively (see Temperature Maps and Data). Storage Table More Storage Data Other Market Trends Premium of Natural Gas Liquids...

  19. Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas) - Residential...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the home receives heating andor cooling energy from Alliant Energy-IPL. Bonus rebates reward customers for installing premium-efficiency heating and cooling equipment, clothes...

  20. Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Residential...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the home receives heating andor cooling energy from Alliant Energy-IPL. Bonus rebates reward customers for installing premium-efficiency heating and cooling equipment, clothes...

  1. Local businesses win 20/20 Campaign awards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Measurement Instrumentation for Lasers: Mesa Photonics of Santa Fe Premium Waters via Health Food Stores: National Water Services of Santa Fe All Natural, Gluten-Free Energy...

  2. Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1995 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All Grades Sales...

  3. Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2000 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All Grades Sales...

  4. Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Annual 1995 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All...

  5. Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Annual 2000 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All...

  6. Small Businesses Receive $2 Million to Advance HVAC Technologies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sheetak and Xergy are approaching water heating in entirely new ways, offering better performance while still placing a premium on affordability.

  7. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and industrial lighting, as well as industrial process upgrades, on a case-by-case basis. Eligible industrial processes upgrades include premium... Eligibility: Commercial,...

  8. Buying Clean Electricity | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    an optional service, called green pricing, that allows customers to pay a small premium in exchange for electricity generated from clean, renewable ("green") energy sources. ...

  9. Replace V-Belts with Notched or Synchronous Belt Drives

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Synchronous belts require minimal maintenance and retensioning, operate in wet and oily ... new installations; the price premium is minimal due to the avoidance of conventional ...

  10. Special Inquiry: INS-SR-13-01 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    that the Deputy Secretary "...directed the use of premium class accommodations while on international travel to maintain business class travel status, resulting in wasteful...

  11. Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    4 Market Premiums for ENERGY STAR-Labeled Commercial Buildings in Six Studies (1) Rental Rate Sale Price Occupancy Premium Premium Premium (2) CoStar Group/USD 16% 6% 3% CB Richard Ellis/USD 12% 1% N/A (3) Eichholtz/Kok/Quigley 3% 16% 6% Fuerst/McCallister 5% 31% 3% Pivo/Fisher 5% 9% 1% Wiley/Johnson 8% N/A (3) N/A (3) Note(s): 1) All studies were conducted in 2008 and 2009 and compared ENERGY STAR-labeled buildings in the United States with similar non-labeled buildings. More information at

  12. Proton NMR analysis of octane number for motor gasoline: Part IV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ichikawa, M.; Nonaka, N.; Amano, H.; Takada, I.; Ishimori, S.; Andoh, H.; Kumamoto, K.

    1992-08-01

    Software for predicting the octane number of motor gasoline by proton magnetic resonance (PMR) spectrometry has been formulated. At the same time, a method has been studied to predict the composition of gasoline (in terms of the contents of paraffin, olefin, and aromatic compounds). The formulated program was evaluated by using it to predict the octane numbers of 31 samples of marketed summer gasoline (including 16 regular and 15 premium products), whose octane numbers and compositions were identified according to the ASTM standards. Also, the relationship between the PMR spectrum and gasoline composition was subjected to linear regression analysis by using the 31 samples whose octane numbers were calculated, and the appropriateness of the resultant regression equations was assessed. This report concerns the results of the study in which the octane numbers of the 31 samples were satisfactorily predicted by the formulated program and useful linear regression equation were obtained for the prediction of the composition of gasoline. 9 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

  13. Energy balances in the production and end-use of methanol derived from coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1980-12-10

    Analysis is performed for three combinations of fuels, specifically: net petroleum gain (petroleum only); net premium fuel gain (natural gas and petroleum); and net energy gain (includes all fuels; does not include free energy from sun). The base case selected for evaluation was that of an energy-efficient coal-to-methanol plant located in Montana/Wyoming and using the Lurgi conversion process. The following variations of the base coal-methanol case are also analyzed: gasoline from coal with methanol as an intermediate step (Mobil-M); and methanol from coal (Texaco gasification process). For each process, computations are made for the product methanol as a replacement for unleaded gasoline in a conventional spark ignition engine and as a chemical feedstock. For the purpose of the energy analysis, computations are made for three situations regarding mileage of methanol/ gasoline compared to that of regular unleaded gasoline: mileage of the two fuels equal, mileage 4 percent better with gasohol, and mileage 4 percent worse with gasohol. The standard methodology described for the base case applies to all of the variations.

  14. Impact of California Phase 2 reformulated gasoline on atmospheric reactivity of exhaust and evaporative emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirchstetter, T.W.; Singer, B.C.; Harley, R.A.; Kendall, G.R.; Traverse, M.

    1997-12-31

    Phase 2 of California`s reformulated gasoline (RFG) program took effect statewide in the first half of 1996. Changes to gasoline composition required by Phase 2 specifications included: lower vapor pressure; lower olefin, aromatic, benzene, and sulfur content; lower T50 and T90; and a minimum oxygen content. In this paper, impacts of Phase 2 RFG on the atmospheric reactivity of motor vehicle exhaust and evaporative emissions are described. Volatile organic compounds in motor vehicle exhaust were measured at the Caldecott tunnel in summer 1995 and 1996. Aggregate emissions of greater than 8000 vehicles were measured each day. Regular and premium grade gasoline samples were collected from service stations in Berkeley concurrently with tunnel measurements both summers. Liquid gasoline samples and their headspace vapors were analyzed to determine detailed chemical composition. Normalized reactivity was calculated for exhaust and evaporative emissions by applying maximum incremental reactivity values to the detailed speciation profiles. Results indicate that the composition of gasoline in 1996 differed markedly from that of 1995. Changes in liquid gasoline composition led to corresponding changes in the speciation of vehicle exhaust and of gasoline headspace vapors. Benzene concentration in liquid gasoline decreased from 2.0 to 0.6 wt%, which contributed to a 70 and 37% reduction in benzene weight fraction in headspace vapors and vehicle exhaust, respectively. Addition of MTBE and reduction of olefins and aromatics in gasoline led to significant reductions in the atmospheric reactivity of unburned gasoline and gasoline headspace vapors. The normalized reactivity of liquid gasoline and headspace vapors decreased by 23 and 19%, respectively, between 1995 and 1996. The normalized reactivity of non-methane organic compounds in vehicle exhaust decreased by about 8%, but the uncertainty in this change was large.

  15. Cowlitz County PUD- H2 AdvantagePlus Residential Heat Pump Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Cowlitz County PUD will provide rebates to customer homeowners who have a PUD-qualified heat pump dealer upgrade their heating system with the installation of a premium efficiency heat pump system,...

  16. Precision: Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-1410)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Precision Trading Corp. finding that Precision brand model Premium PFR515M, a freezer, does not comport with the energy conservation standards.

  17. Mr. Jim Raba U.S. Department of Energy Building Technologies...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... projected increase would account for expected price mark-ups.) Going through the value chain and assuming a small 200 HP gas gathering compressor we can estimate that if premium ...

  18. Health Insurance Marketplace Notice New Health Insurance Marketplace...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    eligible for a tax credit that lowers your monthly premium or a reduction in certain cost-sharing if your employer does not offer coverage to you at all or does not offer coverage...

  19. We are providing this notice to you as required by the Affordable...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    eligible for a tax credit that lowers your monthly premium or a reduction in certain cost-sharing if your employer does not offer coverage to you at all or does not offer coverage...

  20. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    fairly robust gasoline imports, as the price for gasoline in New York Harbor averaged a seven-cent premium over the ARA hub for the last ten days of December 2011, opening up the...

  1. TVA - Green Power Providers | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Power Providers program contract term is 20 years. For years 1-10, TVA will purchase 100% of the output from qualifying systems at a premium of 0.02** per kilowatt-hour (kWh)...

  2. TVA - Green Power Providers | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Years 11-20: retail electric rate 2014 Premium Rates: Solar: 0.04kWh Wind, Biomass, and Hydro: 0.03kWh Summary Note: Enrollment for 2015 was conducted from January 26th to...

  3. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Texas Intermediate (WTI), which is the light, sweet crude oil traded at the Cushing, OK delivery point for the NYMEX futures contract. Any premium on light, sweet crude oils...

  4. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    with both trading at a small premium to Brent for most of last week. The demand-driven nature of this trend is clearly demonstrated in crack spreads, or the difference between...

  5. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    of futures contracts for delivery during the 2003-2004 heating season months continue to trade at a premium to the Henry Hub spot price, which provides suppliers some incentive to...

  6. Lewis County PUD- Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lewis County PUD offers rebates for commercial and industrial lighting, as well as industrial process upgrades, on a case-by-case basis. Eligible industrial processes upgrades include premium...

  7. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Oils, It Now Only Holds a Premium Over the OPEC Basket In short, tightening global fundamentals have already propelled oil prices relatively close to year-ago levels, with the...

  8. Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) Plan

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) Plan for non-Medicare retirees is a medical insurance plan with a lower deductible but higher premium than the 2016 High-Deductible Health...

  9. U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve Historical O

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    System tanks to keep the tanks full enough to withstand Huricane Lili's expected wind forces. The crude oil was returned to the SPR with a premium after the hurricane passed....

  10. Georgia Power- Solar Buyback Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Georgia Power, the state's largest utility, has established a green power program, that allows the company to purchase limited solar generation at a premium price based on other customers volunta...

  11. TVA - Green Power Providers | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    North Carolina Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount 1,000 upon installation Years 1-10: retail electric rate + premium payment Years 11-20: retail electric rate...

  12. Graduated Eligibility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Graduated Eligibility Graduated Eligibility for Retirees Employer contribution corresponds to your years of service credit. Contact Retiree Insurance Providers Employer contribution for retiree premiums LANS contributes a percentage of the maximum employer contribution toward your monthly premiums for medical and dental coverage. Note: Retirees who were hired in a career position with UC before January 1, 1990, and who applied for LANS retiree health and welfare benefits within 120 days of

  13. This Week In Petroleum Gasoline Section

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Regular gasoline retail prices (dollars per gallon) U.S. Average Conventional Reformulated U.S. retail regular gasoline prices graph Retail average regular gasoline prices graph...

  14. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,"Data 1","Regular Conventional",20,"Weekly","3212016","8201990" ,"Data 2","Regular Reformulated",18,"Weekly","3212016","11281994" ,"Data 3","Regular All Areas All ...

  15. Natural gas powered rotary water chiller development. Phase 1. Final report, September 1991-June 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanborn, D.F.; Lakowske, R.L.; Byars, M.

    1993-06-01

    Objectives of the project were to evaluate performance and marketability of a rotary engine driven screw compressor for water chiller applications. Choice of a rotary engine was aimed at rotary compressor. Initial testing done with modified stock 13B rotary engine and experimental open compressor. Engine torque not sufficient for 70 ton compressor. Analysis concluded 50 ton best match for air cooled applications and 60 ton best for water cooled to get highest gas COP. Market analysis covered total water chiller market assuming relative costs of power would lead to gas cooling sales. Allowable cost premium for 3 yr payback determined for areas of country. Premium cost of 100 ton air cooled unit estimated and compared to market allowable premiums. Concluded product acceptance will be primarily in niche markets with high local electric power demand charges.

  16. An Analysis of the Effects of Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems on Home Sales Prices in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoen, Ben; Cappers, Peter; Wiser, Ryan; Thayer, Mark

    2011-04-19

    An increasing number of homes in the U.S. have sold with photovoltaic (PV) energy systems installed at the time of sale, yet relatively little research exists that estimates the marginal impacts of those PV systems on home sale prices. A clearer understanding of these possible impacts might influence the decisions of homeowners considering the installation of a PV system, homebuyers considering the purchase of a home with PV already installed, and new home builders considering including PV as an optional or standard product on their homes. This research analyzes a large dataset of California homes that sold from 2000 through mid-2009 with PV installed. It finds strong evidence that homes with PV systems sold for a premium over comparable homes without PV systems during this time frame. Estimates for this premium expressed in dollars per watt of installed PV range, on average, from roughly $4 to $5.5/watt across a large number of hedonic and repeat sales model specifications and robustness tests. When expressed as a ratio of the sales price premium of PV to estimated annual energy cost savings associated with PV, an average ratio of 14:1 to 19:1 can be calculated; these results are consistent with those of the more-extensive existing literature on the impact of energy efficiency on sales prices. When the data are split among new and existing homes, however, PV system premiums are markedly affected. New homes with PV show premiums of $2.3-2.6/watt, while existing homes with PV show premiums of more than $6/watt. Reasons for this discrepancy are suggested, yet further research is warranted. A number of other areas where future research would be useful are also highlighted.

  17. Residential Photovoltaic Energy Systems in California: The Effect on Home Sales Prices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoen, Ben; Wiser, Ryan; Thayer, Mark; Cappers, Peter

    2012-04-15

    Relatively little research exists estimating the marginal impacts of photovoltaic (PV) energy systems on home sale prices. Using a large dataset of California homes that sold from 2000 through mid-2009, we find strong evidence, despite a variety of robustness checks, that existing homes with PV systems sold for a premium over comparable homes without PV systems, implying a near full return on investment. Premiums for new homes are found to be considerably lower than those for existing homes, implying, potentially, a tradeoff between price and sales velocity. The results have significant implications for homeowners, builders, appraisers, lenders, and policymakers.

  18. EECBG Success Story: Missouri Water Treatment Plant Upgraded

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The city of St. Peters, Missouri is installing a water reservoir pump at the water treatment plant and replace seven pump motors with premium efficiency motors on the high service and backwash pumping systems, thanks to an Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG). Learn more.

  19. Solar PV Deployment through Renewable Energy Tariff: An Option for Key Account Customers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Renewable energy tariffs, a new program and rate option being offered by some utilities to large customers, are quickly attracting attention in the renewable energy world as a way to do this. These tariffs allow a high energy usage customer to pay a slight premium in order to obtain all or a portion of their electricity from renewable sources.

  20. Workers' Compensation Costs Rising Across the Nation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For the first time since 1992, benefits paid to workers and employers' costs for workers' compensation rose faster than wages by James L Nash (jnash@penton.com) The National Academy of Social Insurance (NASI) study, which provides the only comprehensive national data on the largely state-run program, states that premiums charged by insurers rose by eight percent in 2001.

  1. Energy Storage Activities in the United States Electricity Grid...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Goldsmith, TX Duke 21,806,219 (43,612,445) PRIMUS POWER (ZINC-CHLORIDE FLOW BATT.) 25MW ... Lyons Station, PA Met-Ed 2,543,746 (5,087,269) PREMIUM POWER CORP. (ZINC-BROMINE BATT.) ...

  2. Energy Matters - Spring 2002

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2002-03-01

    Quarterly newsletter from DOE's Industrial Technologies Program to promote the use of energy-efficient industrial systems. The focus of the Spring 2002 Issue of Energy Matters focuses on premium energy efficiency systems, with articles on new gas technologies, steam efficiency, the Augusta Newsprint Showcase, and more.

  3. CX-004418: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Premium Power Distribution Energy Storage System and Demo for National Grid and Sacramento Municipal UtilitiesCX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B4.4, B4.6Date: 11/15/2010Location(s): Rancho Cordova, CaliforniaOffice(s): Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  4. Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Efficiency

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... A major N.C. Manufacturer Tested 2-17 Months (yr 1985) .052KWH (.13 EP) 2700 HoursYear 15 HP COGGED BELT 10.67 STANDARD BELT 3.33 PREMIUM BELT 7.34 BRAND A 4.4% BRAND B ...

  5. Process for upgrading wax from Fischer-Tropsch synthesis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Derr, W.R. Jr.; Garwood, W.E.; Kuo, J.C.; Leib, T.M.; Nace, D.M.; Tabak, S.A.

    1987-08-04

    The waxy liquid phase of an oil suspension of Fischer-Tropsch catalyst containing dissolved wax is separated out and the wax is converted by hydrocracking, dewaxing or by catalytic cracking with a low activity catalyst to provide a highly olefinic product which may be further converted to premium quality gasoline and/or distillate fuel. 2 figs.

  6. Process for upgrading wax from Fischer-Tropsch synthesis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Derr, Jr., W. Rodman (Vincentown, NJ); Garwood, William E. (Haddonfield, NJ); Kuo, James C. (Cherry Hill, NJ); Leib, Tiberiu M. (Voorhees, NJ); Nace, Donald M. (Woodbury, NJ); Tabak, Samuel A. (Wenonah, NJ)

    1987-01-01

    The waxy liquid phase of an oil suspension of Fischer-Tropsch catalyst containing dissolved wax is separated out and the wax is converted by hydrocracking, dewaxing or by catalytic cracking with a low activity catalyst to provide a highly olefinic product which may be further converted to premium quality gasoline and/or distillate fuel.

  7. Operating and Maintaining Your Heat Pump | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Changing filters regularly is an important part of maintaining a heat pump system. | Photo courtesy of iStockphotoBanksPhotos Changing filters regularly is an important part...

  8. Pilfer

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2005-06-06

    Extracts statistically regular temporal patterns from time-series data without human intervention for classification purposes.

  9. Alaska Energy Champion: Craig Moore

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Alaska Energy Champions is a regular feature spotlighting pioneers of Alaska's new energy frontier.

  10. Do Photovoltaic Energy Systems Effect Residential Selling Prices? Results from a California Statewide Investigation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoen, Ben; Cappers, Pete; Wiser, Ryan; Thayer, Mark

    2011-04-12

    An increasing number of homes in the U.S. have sold with photovoltaic (PV) energy systems installed at the time of sale, yet relatively little research exists that provides estimates of the marginal impacts of those PV systems on home sale prices. This research analyzes a large dataset of California homes that sold from 2000 through mid-2009 with PV installed. We find strong evidence that homes with PV systems sold for a premium over comparable homes without PV systems during this time frame. Estimates for this premium expressed in dollars per watt of installed PV range, from roughly $4 to $6.4/watt across the full dataset, to approximately $2.3/watt for new homes, to more than $6/watt for existing homes. A number of ideas for further research are suggested.

  11. Gas engine driven chiller development and economics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koplow, M.D.; Searight, E.F.; Panora, R.

    1986-03-01

    The TECOGEN Division of Thermo Electron Corporation has developed a nominal 150 ton engine driven chiller system under the sponsorship of the Gas Research Institute. The system incorporates an engine directly driving a screw compressor to produce about 130 tons of cooling capacity and a single effect absorption chiller driven by hot water recovered from engine heat to produce another 30 tons of cooling capacity. An economic analysis shows that it will be possible to recover the cost premium of engine driven chiller systems in most US cities in 3 years or less with the O and M savings of these systems when this cost premium is $30 per ton. 4 references, 13 figures, 5 tables.

  12. Cyclone reburn using coal-water fuel: Pilot-scale development and testing. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eckhart, C.F.; DeVault, R.F.

    1991-10-01

    There is an ongoing effort to develop retrofit technologies capable of converting oil- and/or gas-fired boilers to coal combustion. The objective of this project is to demonstrate the technical feasibility of an improved portion of a previously developed retrofit system designed for the purpose of converting oil/gas boilers. This improvement would almost entirely eliminate the use of premium fuels, thereby significantly increasing the economical attractiveness of the system. Specifically, the goals in this program were to replace natural gas as a reburning fuel with coal-water fuel (CWF). The advantages of such a system include: (1) increased return on investment (ROI) for conversions; (2) nearly complete elimination of premium oil or gas fuel; (3) a more integrated approach to the conversion of oil- or gas-designed boilers to CWF.

  13. Turn Motors Off When Not in Use - Motor Tip Sheet #10

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-07-01

    Motors use no energy when turned off. Reducing motor operating time by just 10% usually saves more energy than replacing a standard efficiency motor with a NEMA Premium efficiency motor. In fact, given that 97% of the life cycle cost of purchasing and operating a motor is energy-related, turning a motor off 10% of the time could reduce energy costs enough to purchase three new motors.

  14. Ultra-Efficient and Power-Dense Electric Motors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-01-01

    This factsheet describes a research project whose goal is to develop line-start and line-run constant-speed electric motors and simple-to-control electric motors with the goal of obtaining at least a 30% reduction in motor losses as compared to conventional energy-efficient induction motors and a 15% reduction in motor losses as compared to NEMA Premium efficient induction motors.

  15. Magnetic relaxation - coal swelling, extraction, pore size. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doetschman, D.C.

    1994-10-26

    The aim of the contract was to employ electron and nuclear magnetic relaxation techniques to investigate solvent swelling of coals, solvent extraction of coals and molecular interaction with solvent coal pores. Many of these investigations have appeared in four major publications and a conference proceedings. Another manuscript has been submitted for publication. The set of Argonne Premium Coals was chosen as extensively characterized and representative samples for this project.

  16. Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Grid Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Grid As a leading international electricity and gas company, National Grid is committed to creating new, sustainable energy solutions for the future and modernizing the region's electricity system. National Grid strives to provide plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) drivers with a new and premium charging experience throughout Massachusetts, New York and Rhode Island. Currently, National Grid has

  17. Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2003 Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook Summary For the upcoming summer season (April to September 2003), high crude oil costs and other factors are expected to yield average retail motor gasoline prices higher than those of last year. Current crude oil prices reflect a substantial uncertainty premium due to concerns about the current conflict in the Persian Gulf, lingering questions about whether Venezuelan oil production will recover to near pre-strike

  18. High-Deductible Health Plan (HDHP)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HDHP High-Deductible Health Plan (HDHP) Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Mexico (BCBSNM) is the provider of retiree medical benefits. Contact Aon Hewitt, Your Benefit Resources (YBR) 866-934-1200 The 2016 High-Deductible Health Plan (HDHP) for non-Medicare retirees is a medical insurance plan with a lower premium but higher deductible than the 2016 Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) Plan. 2016 Medical Plan Comparison (pdf) HDHP Summary of Benefits and Coverage (pdf) HDHP Plan Description (pdf)

  19. ITP Industrial Materials: Development and Commercialization of Alternative Carbon Fiber Precursors and Conversion Technologies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Commercialization of Alternative Carbon Fiber Precursors and Conversion Technologies Reducing the Cost of Carbon Fiber Raw Materials and Processing Technologies Introduction Carbon fber is an exceptionally high-strength, lightweight material with numerous applications in energy effciency and the generation of renewable energy. However, the current cost of carbon fbers limits their use to specialty applications and markets willing to pay a premium for the performance they offer. Carbon fber

  20. Federal Employee Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) Federal Employee Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) The Federal Employees' Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) Program is a group term life insurance program for Federal and Postal employees and retirees. The Office of Personnel Management administers the Program and sets the premiums. OPM has a contract with the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (MetLife) to provide this life insurance. The MetLife has an office called Office of Federal Employees' Group Life Insurance

  1. Motor Repair Tech Brief | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Repair Tech Brief Motor Repair Tech Brief This Tech Brief answers: Why do motors fail? When should you repair instead of replace? And how can reliability and efficiency be assured in a repair? PDF icon Motor Repair Tech Brief (March 2000) More Documents & Publications Extend the Operating Life of Your Motor Service Center Evaluation Guide Premium Efficiency Motor Selection and Application Guide - A Handbook for Industry

  2. MotorMaster+ | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    MotorMaster+ April 10, 2014 - 3:17pm Addthis MotorMaster+ MotorMaster+ is a free online National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) Premium® efficiency motor selection and management tool that supports motor and motor systems planning by identifying the most efficient action for a given repair or motor purchase decision. The tool includes a catalog of more than 20,000 low-voltage induction motors, and features motor inventory management tools, maintenance log tracking, efficiency

  3. Notice and Request for Comments, Federal Register, 71 FR 7749, February 14,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2006 | Department of Energy and Request for Comments, Federal Register, 71 FR 7749, February 14, 2006 Notice and Request for Comments, Federal Register, 71 FR 7749, February 14, 2006 Document displays the notice and request for comments for Standard for Premium Energy-Efficient Electric Motors for Federal Acquisition, which was published in the Federal Register on February 14, 2006. PDF icon 71_fr_7749.pdf More Documents & Publications Notice of Final Determination, Federal Register, 71

  4. Notice of Final Determination, Federal Register, 71 FR 47791, August 18,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2006 | Department of Energy Final Determination, Federal Register, 71 FR 47791, August 18, 2006 Notice of Final Determination, Federal Register, 71 FR 47791, August 18, 2006 Document displays the notice of final determination on Standard for Premium Energy-Efficient Electric Motors for Federal Acquisition, which was published in the Federal Register on August 18, 2006. PDF icon 71_fr_47791.pdf More Documents & Publications Notice and Request for Comments, Federal Register, 71 FR 7749,

  5. Legal Plan

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Legal Plan Legal Plan A comprehensive benefits package with plan options for health care and retirement to take care of our employees today and tomorrow. Contact Benefits Office (505) 667-1806 Email Legal Plan Most people need legal advice at one time or another but high legal fees may prevent you from getting the necessary assistance. For a small monthly premium, employees can enroll in legal coverage through ARAG. The plan provides assistance with routine preventive or defensive matters and

  6. Medical Plans for Medicare-Eligible Retirees

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Medicare-Eligible Medical Medical Plans for Medicare-Eligible Retirees Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Mexico (BCBSNM) is the provider of medical benefits. Contact Retiree Insurance Providers Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Mexico (BCBSNM) is the provider of the Laboratory's medical benefits. Retiree medical plan premiums are subject to graduated eligibility. The Laboratory offers the following medical plans to Medicare-eligible retirees for the 2016 calendar year: National Exclusive Provider

  7. Medical Plans for Non-Medicare Retirees

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Non-Medicare Medical Medical Plans for Non-Medicare Retirees Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Mexico (BCBSNM) is the provider of medical benefits. Contact Retiree Insurance Providers The Laboratory offers the following two medical plans to non-Medicare retirees for the 2016 calendar year: High-Deductible Health Plan (HDHP) Preferred Provider Option (PPO) Plan Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Mexico (BCBSNM) is the provider of the Laboratory's medical benefits. Retiree medical plan premiums are subject

  8. Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations By Tancred C.M. Lidderdale Contents * Introduction * Motor Gasoline Summer Volatility (RVP) Regulations o Table 1. Summer Volatility Regulations for Motor Gasoline o Table 2. Refinery Inputs and Production of Normal Butane o Figure 1. Refinery Inputs and Production of Normal Butane o Table 3. Price Relationship Between Normal Butane and Motor Gasoline o Table 4. Market Price Premium for Low Vapor Pressure (RVP) Gasoline * Oxygenate Content

  9. Financing for Federal Utility Energy Service Contracts | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Financing for Federal Utility Energy Service Contracts Financing for Federal Utility Energy Service Contracts Financing is a significant portion of utility energy service contract (UESC) costs. Experience shows several things the federal government can do to get the best value by reducing UESC financial transaction costs and interest. Interest Rates Interest rates are based on the sum of an index rate on the date the transaction is signed and a "premium" or

  10. SPR Pro Forma Contract | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Pro Forma Contract SPR Pro Forma Contract An exchange agreement for SPR oil involves return of the principal amount of similar quality crude oil to the SPR, plus payment of an in-kind premium determined according to the period negotiated for return. See the pro forma contract to become familiar with the provisions, including the required Letter of Credit format you might want to bring to the attention of your financial institution. PDF icon SPR Pro Forma Contract More Documents &

  11. PowerPoint Presentation

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Atlantic Wind Connection Update Mohamed M. El-Gasseir, Ph.D. Principal Atlantic Grid Development LLC Department of Energy Workshop Applications for HVDC Technologies April 22, 2013 Information for Discussion Purposes Only * Transmission challenges underlying the AWC Project * Project configuration and technology choice * The rationale * Key challenges * Lessons learned 2 Topics * Accessing most premium of offshore wind (OSW) * Locationally constrained resource * Weak interconnection interface *

  12. H. R. 4053: This Act may be cited as the Coalfield Environment Enhancement Act of 1990. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundredth First Congress, Second Session, July 11, 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    This bill would amend the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 to provide for the remining of certain abandoned coal mine lands. After defining the necessary terms, the bill describes the right of states to establish a State Remining Insurance Program, insurance coverage, bonds, the determination of unanticipated event or condition, the State Remining Insurance Fund, source of funding and interest and premiums, penalties and enforcement, conforming amendments, special rules applicable to remining operations, and abandoned coal refuse piles.

  13. MEMORANDUM FOR HEADS OF DEPARTMENTAL ELEMENTS OTHER THAN THE

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    , 2013 MEMORANDUM FOR HEADS OF DEPARTMENTAL ELEMENTS OTHER THAN THE NA TI ON AL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMINISTRATION FROM: SUBJECT: ROBERT C. GIBBS ~Mb CHIEF HUMAN CAPITAL OFFICER W AIYER OF THE BI-WEEKLY PAY LIMITATION FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE ACTIVITIES This memorandum replaces: 1) the January 31, 2002, memorandum from Timothy M. Dirks, (former) Director of Human Resources Management, subject: Waiver of Bi-Weekly Premium Pay Limitation, pertaining to "emergency work in connection with the

  14. Microsoft Word - Benefits Guidance 3-5-10Murray

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Options for Reservists Called to Active Duty In Support of Contingency Operations (Updated 3-10) Benefit Options What Action HR Needs To Take Additional Guidance or Policy Employee on Military Furlough Employee Using Intermittent Leave Federal Employees Health Benefits (FEHB) Employee may retain coverage for up to 24 months; DOE pays for employee's share of the FEHB premium. Employee needs to notify HR of continued coverage or cancellation. If continued coverage, HR sends a memo to DFAS imaging

  15. Prices of Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Product/ Sales Type: Gasoline, All Grades - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Through Retail Outlets Gasoline, All Grades - Other End Users Gasoline, All Grades - Sales for Resale Gasoline, All Grades - DTW (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Rack (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Bulk (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Through Retail Outlets Regular Gasoline - Other End Users Regular Gasoline - Sales for Resale Regular Gasoline -

  16. Energy balances in the production and end use of alcohols derived from biomass. A fuels-specific comparative analysis of alternate ethanol production cycles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-10-01

    Considerable public interest and debate have been focused on the so-called energy balance issue involved in the conversion of biomass materials into ethanol for fuel use. This report addresses questions of net gains in premium fuels that can be derived from the production and use of ethanol from biomass, and shows that for the US alcohol fuel program, energy balance need not be a concern. Three categories of fuel gain are discussed in the report: (1) Net petroleum gain; (2) Net premium fuel gain (petroleum and natural gas); and (3) Net energy gain (for all fuels). In this study the investment of energy (in the form of premium fuels) in alcohol production includes all investment from cultivating, harvesting, or gathering the feedstock and raw materials, through conversion of the feedstock to alcohol, to the delivery to the end-user. To determine the fuel gains in ethanol production, six cases, encompassing three feedstocks, five process fuels, and three process variations, have been examined. For each case, two end-uses (automotive fuel use and replacement of petrochemical feedstocks) were scrutinized. The end-uses were further divided into three variations in fuel economy and two different routes for production of ethanol from petrochemicals. Energy requirements calculated for the six process cycles accounted for fuels used directly and indirectly in all stages of alcohol production, from agriculture through distribution of product to the end-user. Energy credits were computed for byproducts according to the most appropriate current use.

  17. Fact #765: February 4, 2013 EPA's Top 10 Conventionally-Fueled...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1. 2013 Toyota Prius Hybrid, 4 cyl, 1.8 L, Auto (AV), Regular Combined 50 City 51Highway 48 2013 Toyota Prius c Hybrid, 4 cyl, 1.5 L, Auto (AV), Regular Combined 50 City 53Highway ...

  18. Beamline 10.0.1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with sensitivity to the spin of the photoelectron Detectors VG-Scienta R4000 with Mott polarimeter (spin-resolved and regular ARPES) VG-Scienta SES-100 (regular ARPES) Spot...

  19. Flu shots available beginning Oct. 5 | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    battle the flu Wash hands regularly with soap and water, use hand sanitizer Sneeze and cough into a sleeve or tissue Stay home when sick Regularly sanitize work surfaces and...

  20. Improve Your Boiler's Combustion Efficiency - Steam Tip Sheet #4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-01-31

    This revised AMO tip sheet helps plants establish a program for the regular inspection, testing and repair of stream traps.

  1. Plans and Reports | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and Evaluations Strategic Sustainability Performance Plans Greenhouse Gas Inventories Climate Change Adaptation Fleet Management Scorecards and Evaluations DOE is regularly...

  2. National Survey of E85 and Gasoline Prices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bergeron, P.

    2008-10-01

    Study compares the prices of E85 and regular gasoline nationally and regionally over time for one year.

  3. High-flux solar photon processes: Opportunities for applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steinfeld, J.I.; Coy, S.L.; Herzog, H.; Shorter, J.A.; Schlamp, M.; Tester, J.W.; Peters, W.A.

    1992-06-01

    The overall goal of this study was to identify new high-flux solar photon (HFSP) processes that show promise of being feasible and in the national interest. Electric power generation and hazardous waste destruction were excluded from this study at sponsor request. Our overall conclusion is that there is promise for new applications of concentrated solar photons, especially in certain aspects of materials processing and premium materials synthesis. Evaluation of the full potential of these and other possible applications, including opportunities for commercialization, requires further research and testing. 100 refs.

  4. Recovery Act. Demonstration of a Pilot Integrated Biorefinery for the Efficient, Direct Conversion of Biomass to Diesel Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schuetzle, Dennis; Tamblyn, Greg; Caldwell, Matt; Hanbury, Orion; Schuetzle, Robert; Rodriguez, Ramer; Johnson, Alex; Deichert, Fred; Jorgensen, Roger; Struble, Doug

    2015-05-12

    The Renewable Energy Institute International, in collaboration with Greyrock Energy and Red Lion Bio-Energy (RLB) has successfully demonstrated operation of a 25 ton per day (tpd) nameplate capacity, pilot, pre-commercial-scale integrated biorefinery (IBR) plant for the direct production of premium, “drop-in”, synthetic fuels from agriculture and forest waste feedstocks using next-generation thermochemical and catalytic conversion technologies. The IBR plant was built and tested at the Energy Center, which is located in the University of Toledo Medical Campus in Toledo, Ohio.

  5. The Impact of Low Octane Hydrocarbon Blending Streams on "E85" Engine

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Optimization | Department of Energy The Impact of Low Octane Hydrocarbon Blending Streams on "E85" Engine Optimization The Impact of Low Octane Hydrocarbon Blending Streams on "E85" Engine Optimization PDF icon deer12_szybist.pdf More Documents & Publications High Octane Fuels Can Make Better Use of Renewable Transportation Fuels Making Better Use of Ethanol as a Transportation Fuel With "Renewable Super Premium" Gasoline-Like Fuel Effects on Advanced

  6. Turn Motors Off When Not in Use | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Turn Motors Off When Not in Use Turn Motors Off When Not in Use Motors do not use energy when turned off. Reducing motor operating time by just 10% usually saves more energy than replacing a standard efficiency motor with a premium efficiency motor. This tip sheet discusses pros and cons of repeated motor starts and stops and provides suggested actions. Motor Systems Tip Sheet #10 PDF icon Turn Motors Off When Not in Use (November 2012) More Documents & Publications Improving Motor and Drive

  7. Determination of the Average Aromatic Cluster Size of Fossil Fuels by Solid-State NMR at High Magnetic Field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mao, Kanmi; Kennedy, Gordon J.; Althaus, Stacey M.; Pruski, Marek

    2013-01-07

    We show that the average aromatic cluster size in complex carbonaceous materials can be accurately determined using fast magic-angle spinning (MAS) NMR at a high magnetic field. To accurately quantify the nonprotonated aromatic carbon, we edited the 13C spectra using the recently reported MAS-synchronized spinecho, which alleviated the problem of rotational recoupling of 1H-13C dipolar interactions associated with traditional dipolar dephasing experiments. The dependability of this approach was demonstrated on selected Argonne Premium coal standards, for which full sets of basic structural parameters were determined with high accuracy.

  8. NERSC Users Group Teleconference May 12

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Users Group Teleconference May 12 NERSC Users Group Teleconference May 12 May 11, 2011 by Francesca Verdier The next NUG teleconference is Thursday May 12, at 11:00 AM Pacific time. On the agenda: new NX server wait times table for nodes requested versus hours requested: Jobs Summary Statistics restricting access to the premium queue NUG feedback on hopper in production To receive an invitation to participate in NUG teleconferences, join the nug e-mail list: send e-mail to nug-request@nersc.gov

  9. COAL DERIVED MATRIX PITCHES FOR CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITE MANUFACTURE/PRODUCTION OF FIBERS AND COMPOSITES FROM COAL-BASED PRECURSORS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peter G. Stansberry; John W. Zondlo

    2001-07-01

    The Consortium for premium Carbon Products from Coal, with funding from the US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory continue with the development of innovative technologies that will allow coal or coal-derived feedstocks to be used in the production of value-added carbon materials. In addition to supporting eleven independent projects during budget period 3, three meetings were held at two separate locations for the membership. The first was held at Nemacolin Woodlands Resort on May 15-16, 2000. This was followed by two meetings at Penn State, a tutorial on August 11, 2000 and a technical progress meeting on October 26-27.

  10. Work/Life Balance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Workplace » Work/Life Balance /careers/_assets/images/careers-icon.jpg Work/Life Balance Explore the multiple dimensions of a career at Los Alamos Lab: work with the best minds on the planet in an inclusive environment that is rich in intellectual vitality and opportunities for growth. What our employees say: Health & Wellness "The Lab pays 80 percent of my family's medical premiums with Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Mexico." Retirement & Savings "With the Lab matching my

  11. Surveys of research in the Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grazis, B.M.

    1992-11-01

    Research reports are presented on reactive intermediates in condensed phase (radiation chemistry, photochemistry), electron transfer and energy conversion, photosynthesis and solar energy conversion, metal cluster chemistry, chemical dynamics in gas phase, photoionization-photoelectrons, characterization and reactivity of coal and coal macerals, premium coal sample program, chemical separations, heavy elements coordination chemistry, heavy elements photophysics/photochemistry, f-electron interactions, radiation chemistry of high-level wastes (gas generation in waste tanks), ultrafast molecular electronic devices, and nuclear medicine. Separate abstracts have been prepared. Accelerator activites and computer system/network services are also reported.

  12. Surveys of research in the Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grazis, B.M.

    1992-01-01

    Research reports are presented on reactive intermediates in condensed phase (radiation chemistry, photochemistry), electron transfer and energy conversion, photosynthesis and solar energy conversion, metal cluster chemistry, chemical dynamics in gas phase, photoionization-photoelectrons, characterization and reactivity of coal and coal macerals, premium coal sample program, chemical separations, heavy elements coordination chemistry, heavy elements photophysics/photochemistry, f-electron interactions, radiation chemistry of high-level wastes (gas generation in waste tanks), ultrafast molecular electronic devices, and nuclear medicine. Separate abstracts have been prepared. Accelerator activites and computer system/network services are also reported.

  13. MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline (Released in the STEO October 1999)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1999-01-01

    The blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into motor gasoline has increased dramatically since it was first produced 20 years ago. MTBE usage grew in the early 1980's in response to octane demand resulting initially from the phaseout of lead from gasoline and later from rising demand for premium gasoline. The oxygenated gasoline program stimulated an increase in MTBE production between 1990 and 1994. MTBE demand increased from 83,000 in 1990 to 161,000 barrels per day in 1994. The reformulated gasoline (RFG) program provided a further boost to oxygenate blending. The MTBE contained in motor gasoline increased to 269,000 barrels per day by 1997.

  14. Changing Trends in the Refining Industry (released in AEO2006)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2006-01-01

    There have been some major changes in the U.S. refining industry recently, prompted in part by a significant decline in the quality of imported crude oil and by increasing restrictions on the quality of finished products. As a result, high-quality crudes, such as the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude that serves as a benchmark for oil futures on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), have been trading at record premiums to the OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) Basket price.

  15. Turn Motors Off When Not in Use

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Turn Motors Off When Not in Use Motors do not use energy when turned off. Reducing motor operating time by just 10% usually saves more energy than replacing a standard effciency motor with a premium effciency motor. In fact, given that more than 97% 1 of the life cycle cost of purchasing and operating a motor in a typical installation is energy related, turning a motor off 10% of the time could reduce energy costs enough to purchase several new motors. However, a belief persists that stopping

  16. Public goods and private interests: Understanding non-residential demand for green power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiser, Ryan H.; Fowlie, Meredith; Holt, Edward A.

    2001-01-01

    This article presents the results of the first large-scale mail survey of non-residential green power customers in the United States. The survey explored the motivations, attitudes, and experiences of 464 business, non-profit, and public-sector customers that have voluntarily opted to purchase - and frequently pay a premium for - renewable electricity. Results of this study should be of value to marketers interested in targeting these customer segments, to policy makers interested in fostering and understanding non-residential demand for green power, and to academics pondering the motivations for firms to engage in such voluntary environmental initiatives.

  17. Buildings Energy Data Book: 9.1 ENERGY STAR

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    9.1.4 Market Premiums for ENERGY STAR-Labeled Commercial Buildings in Six Studies (1) CoStar Group/USD CB Richard Ellis/USD Eichholtz/Kok/Quigley Fuerst/McCallister Pivo/Fisher Wiley/Johnson Note(s): Source(s): 1) All studies were conducted in 2008 and 2009 and compared ENERGY STAR-labeled buildings in the United States with similar non-labeled buildings. More information at http://www.imt.org/rating-value. 2) Lower vacancy rates. 3) Not reported. Institute for Market Tranformation,

  18. Characterization and supply of coal based fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    Studies and data applicable for fuel markets and coal resource assessments were reviewed and evaluated to provide both guidelines and specifications for premium quality coal-based fuels. The fuels supplied under this contract were provided for testing of advanced combustors being developed under Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (PETC) sponsorship for use in the residential, commercial and light industrial (RCLI) market sectors. The requirements of the combustor development contractors were surveyed and periodically updated to satisfy the evolving needs based on design and test experience. Available coals were screened and candidate coals were selected for further detailed characterization and preparation for delivery. A team of participants was assembled to provide fuels in both coal-water fuel (CWF) and dry ultrafine coal (DUC) forms. Information about major US coal fields was correlated with market needs analysis. Coal fields with major reserves of low sulfur coal that could be potentially amenable to premium coal-based fuels specifications were identified. The fuels requirements were focused in terms of market, equipment and resource constraints. With this basis, the coals selected for developmental testing satisfy the most stringent fuel requirements and utilize available current deep-cleaning capabilities.

  19. Characterization and supply of coal based fuels. Volume 1, Final report and appendix A (Topical report)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    Studies and data applicable for fuel markets and coal resource assessments were reviewed and evaluated to provide both guidelines and specifications for premium quality coal-based fuels. The fuels supplied under this contract were provided for testing of advanced combustors being developed under Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (PETC) sponsorship for use in the residential, commercial and light industrial (RCLI) market sectors. The requirements of the combustor development contractors were surveyed and periodically updated to satisfy the evolving needs based on design and test experience. Available coals were screened and candidate coals were selected for further detailed characterization and preparation for delivery. A team of participants was assembled to provide fuels in both coal-water fuel (CWF) and dry ultrafine coal (DUC) forms. Information about major US coal fields was correlated with market needs analysis. Coal fields with major reserves of low sulfur coal that could be potentially amenable to premium coal-based fuels specifications were identified. The fuels requirements were focused in terms of market, equipment and resource constraints. With this basis, the coals selected for developmental testing satisfy the most stringent fuel requirements and utilize available current deep-cleaning capabilities.

  20. Job Code Description Hourly Wage TR-I Job Code TR I Wage TR-II Job

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Wage TR-I Job Code TR I Wage TR-II Job Code TR II Wage TR-III Job Code TR III Wage Job Code Description Hourly Wage TR-I Job Code TR I Wage TR-II Job Code TR II Wage TR-III Job Code TR III Wage 56-HOUR TOUR Hourly Premiums TR-I 0.25 TR-II $0.50 TR-III $0.75 10-HOUR SHIFT Hourly Premiums TR-I $0.45 TR-II $0.90 TR-III $1.35 CIC $0.60 CIC $1.08 HAZ $0.81 HAZ $1.46 UD/BA $0.25 UD/BA $0.45 ELF $0.30 ELF $0.54 TR-I $0.25 TR-I $0.45 TR-II $0.50 TR-II $0.90 TR-III $0.75 TR-III $1.35 021450 Entry-Level

  1. The use of CETANER{trademark} for the reduction of particulate matter emissions in a turbocharged direct injection (TDI) diesel engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hess, H.S.; Chiodo, J.A.; Boehman, A.L.; Tijim, P.J.A.; Waller, F.J.

    1999-07-01

    In this experimental study, the effects of the addition of CETANER{trademark} to a premium diesel fuel at various blend levels (5%, 10% and 15% by weight) were evaluated using a 1.9 liter turbocharged direct injection diesel engine. CETANER{trademark}, a product developed by Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., can be manufactured from coal-derived syngas through a two-stage process: (i) Liquid Phase DiMethyl Ether synthesis (LPDME); and (ii) oxidative coupling of DiMethyl Ether (DME) to form long chain linear ethers. When compared to other oxygenated components currently being researched, CETANER has several key advantages: (1) it is derived from a non-petroleum feedstock; (2) it has a cetane number greater than 100; and (3) it will have a cost comparable to diesel fuel. Particulate matter emissions and exhaust gas composition (NOx and CO), were determined at six steady-state engine operating conditions. In addition, fuel properties (viscosity, cloud point, pour point, density, flash point and calorific value) of the various blends were also determined. Engine test results indicate that CETANER is effective in reducing particulate matter emissions at all blend levels tested, without any modifications to engine operating parameters. At the highest blend level (15% CETANER by weight), particulate matter emissions were reduced by greater than 20% when compared to premium diesel fuel.

  2. Heavy pair production currents with general quantum numbers in

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    dimensionally regularized nonrelativistic QCD (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Heavy pair production currents with general quantum numbers in dimensionally regularized nonrelativistic QCD Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Heavy pair production currents with general quantum numbers in dimensionally regularized nonrelativistic QCD We discuss the form and construction of general color singlet heavy particle-antiparticle pair production currents for arbitrary quantum numbers, and

  3. SANDIA REPORT

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 11 for evaluating wind farm harmonics 18. Errors for reactive power loss can be higher than active ... where equally rated transformers are regularly spaced along the lateral. ...

  4. Manual of European Environmental Policy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and cases from the European Court of Justice. Regular updates as legislation is adopted, plus details and analysis of new and forthcoming policy. Advanced search options so you...

  5. RadiaBeam PPT template

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Machine shops (clean and regular) Assembly area Magnetic measurements lab Optics lab Hot test cell (up to 9 MeV) Clean room Chemical processing RF test...

  6. Joint Implementation Network (JIN) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    knowledge centre for climate change policy issues in general and the concept of emissions trading in particular. During the first five years of its operation, JIN regularly...

  7. Green Bay TEC Meeting -- Tribal Group Summary 10-26-06

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Green Bay, Wisconsin - September 14, 2006 Session Chaired by: Jay Jones, DOE, Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management, OCRWM Regular Members in Attendance: Sandra Alexander...

  8. Enterprise Assessments Targeted Review of the Safety-Significant...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    typically conducted regularly. For this category, the procedure can be performed from memory, but the procedure is available to the worker and may be referred to periodically as...

  9. Energy Efficiency Practitioners Association of the Philippines...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of BEU and with the regular support and assistance coming from the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Japan External Trade...

  10. WIPP UPDATE: September 2, 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    underground facility and steadily move toward resuming normal operations. Radiological control technicians and geophysical engineers enter the facility regularly to evaluate the...

  11. Adapting On-site Electrical Generation Platforms for Producer Gas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Internal combustion reciprocating engine generators (gensets) are regularly deployed at distribution centers, small municipal utilities, and public institutions to provide on-site electricity...

  12. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory March 2015

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    630-840-5588 to register. Arts and Science Fermilab regularly hosts public events in Ramsey Auditorium, including lectures and arts performances. For a schedule, visit...

  13. While You Are Here | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    waste, including solvent wipes, must be disposed of properly, i.e., not in the regular trash receptacles and not mixed inappropriately. There are disposal containers available on...

  14. One Nevada | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    zero ground clearance. Monitoring and maintenance will include regular removal of trash and sediment accumulation and restoration of zero ground clearance between the ground...

  15. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    5, 2013. West Coast Leads Recent Gasoline Price Declines As the Labor Day weekend approaches, the U.S. national average retail price for regular gasoline has drifted...

  16. Market Prices and Uncertainty Report

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2016-01-01

    Monthly analysis of crude oil, petroleum products, natural gas, and propane prices is released as a regular supplement to the Short-Term Energy Outlook.

  17. Southwestern Power Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Student Employment Opportunities There are currently no student employment vacancies at Southwestern Power Administration. Please check here regularly for career opportunities ...

  18. Jefferson Lab - Employees

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    >

    Jefferson Lab conducts regular exercises and drills to continually improve safety and emergency procedures.
  19. NOTICE OF OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET ACTION

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    10132011 ACTION REQUESTED: Revision of a currently approved collection TYPE OF REVIEW REQUESTED: Regular ICR REFERENCE NUMBER: 201110-1910-001 AGENCY ICR TRACKING NUMBER:...

  20. Overview

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    * Balloon-Borne Sounding System, radiosondes launched each day at regular intervals * Doppler Lidar, Micropulse Lidar, and Laser Ceilometer for aerosols and clouds * Microwave...

  1. Low-cost, Efficient, Flexible Solar Cells with 3D Nanopillar...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fan at Berkeley Lab have invented a method for growing highly regular, single-crystalline nanopillar arrays of optically active semiconductors to produce efficient, 3D solar...

  2. NE - Nuclear Energy - Energy Conservation Plan

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    NUCLEAR ENERGY (NE) ENERGY CONSERVATION PLAN NE has heavily emphasized the use of flexiplace, both regular and situational. Since approximately 56 percent of NE staff use ...

  3. Targets

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (11000th the width of a human hair). To aid in the extremely delicate manufacturing, NIF researchers developed a precision robotic target assembly machine. Workers regularly...

  4. Sandia Energy - Tidal Energy Resource Assessment in the East...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    current at the site is highly regular, which is desirable because it allows accurate electricity supply forecasting. The mean ebb and mean flood flow directions are nearly...

  5. Relocation Travel

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Relocation Travel Relocation Travel Travel reimbursement process information for relocations including new regular hires, term assignment hires, post-doctoral or advance study...

  6. Sandia National Laboratories: Careers: Students & Postdocs: Fellowship...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    bachelor's-level candidates with the opportunity to receive fully funded master's of science degrees. Successful applicants will become regular full-time Sandia employees and...

  7. Mission Support Alliance LLC Safeguards and Security Hanford...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    disseminates regular safety reminders. SAS uses the MSA, Case Management Desk Instruction, OSH-2; Rev 5, dated March 10, 2010, to guide the weekly Classification Committee...

  8. Strategic Public Involvement ? Tool Time!

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    bureau. Encourage conversation & engagement with the public on hot topics through social media Social Media Post regularly (preferably daily) Include photos,...

  9. d:\\

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    measured perpendicular to the magnetic field (T ) is approximately equal to ... RFP with a thick conducting shell, rotating tearing modes, and regular sawteeth. ...

  10. Fact #642: September 27, 2010 Material Content per Light Vehicle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    include: Regular steel, other steels, magnesium castings, copper and brass, lead, zinc castings, powder metal, other metals, rubber, coatings, textiles, fluids and ...

  11. River Corridor Closure Contract Section J, Attachment...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    use (i.e., use outside the employees regular schedule) of government property (such as computers, telephones, copiers, fax machines or other office equipment) or commercially...

  12. Definitions of Conservation Features

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Maintenance: A regularly scheduled preventive maintenance program for the heating and cooling system involving periodic inspections and routing servicing to keep everything...

  13. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Glossary--Conservation...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    feature consisting of a program of routine inspection and service for heating andor cooling equipment. The inspection is performed on a regular basis, even if there are no...

  14. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    for historical years are also regularly incorporated into SEDS. SEDS also provides state energy consumption, price and expenditure estimates for the residential, commercial,...

  15. Natural Gas Weekly Update

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    for historical years are also regularly incorporated into SEDS. SEDS also provides state energy consumption, price and expenditure estimates for the residential, commercial,...

  16. Smart Grid EV Communication Module | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of electric vehicles (EVs) is the long period of time required to recharge EV batteries. While regular alternating current (AC) charging systems are sufficient for...

  17. SRI2007 Conference - Proceedings

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    guidelines about manuscript preparation are provided at the Publishers website (elsevier.com). The format, font and layout are the same for the proceedings as the regular...

  18. Rooftop Diagnostician - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    optimize regularly scheduled maintenance. Benefits Supports heat pumps and dual fuel systems Detects low fresh air supply to prevent "sick" buildings Features a web-enabled...

  19. Project Impact Assessments: Building America FY14 Field Test...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The goal of this project is for the National Renewable Energy Laboratory to provide ... Building America's field tests-regularly conducted by both Building America teams and ...

  20. The Impact of Ethanol Production on U.S. and Regional Gasoline Prices and on the Profitability of the U.S. Oil Refinery Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Du, Xiaodong; Hayes, Dermot J.

    2008-04-01

    This report details pooled regional time-series data and panel data estimation used to quantify the impact of monthly ethanol production on monthly retail regular gasoline prices.

  1. On The Equivalence of Soft and Zero-Bin Subtractions (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    double counting are equivalent if dimensional regularization (DR) is used to regulate infrared (IR) divergences. We discuss in detail ambiguities in the calculation of one-loop...

  2. Progress Report for Workgroup ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    would need mechanism to ensure regular reporting of savings o Under program evaluation option, what would standards be for determining whether state audits could replace...

  3. ARM - Events Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    theoretical studies, and multi-pollutant and multi-dimensional modeling from urban to global scales for regular sessions. Abstracts are due by August 2, 2010. For more...

  4. Lessons from a Home Inspection | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory What are the key facts? Regular maintenance helps the systems and appliances in your home run more efficiently and more safely....

  5. Picture of the Week: Perovskite solar power

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    that exhibit solar conversion efficiencies comparable to those of silicon, the current gold standard. This image shows the kind of high-efficiency perovskite crystals regularly...

  6. Microsoft Word - LANL - Comm Leaders 2003 - Report.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    not appropriate. Regular meetings with more diverse groups of community leaders in New Mexico. * Better communication through personal presentation. Would be nice to see and...

  7. 2013 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Vehicle Analysis

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... data sources regularly; expand market knowledge with third-party data; and to distill ... potential policy solutions would make the analysis more useful in informing policy makers. ...

  8. Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Most existing reservoir simulators are designed for flow through inter-granular permeability within intact rock, perhaps with the addition of regular grids of fractures. These...

  9. Lessons from a Home Inspection | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    results of a home inspection. | Photo courtesy of iStockphotoPhilAugustavo Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory What are the key facts? Regular...

  10. Shipping and Receiving

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    necessary; regular shipping should be used at all other times. Shipping materials to Cuba, Iran, Libya, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria is prohibited; contact Berkeley Lab...

  11. SPEAR3 Update

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on each, and the projected date when regular user scheduling resumes is summarized below: Beam Line Beam Line Type Beam Time Type Technique(s) User Scheduling Resumed...

  12. Solar Water Heating System Maintenance and Repair | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Water Heating System Maintenance and Repair Solar Water Heating System Maintenance and Repair Rooftop solar water heaters need regular maintenance to operate at peak efficiency. |...

  13. Photoelectrochemical Working Group

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Photoelectrochemical Working Group meets regularly to review technical progress, develop synergies, and collaboratively develop common tools and processes for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water...

  14. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    221 Volumes of Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular...

  15. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9 Volumes of Petroleum Products Table 39. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) Geographic Area Month Regular...

  16. Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    These data are made available through EIA's hotline (202-586-6966), EIA's web page, and through EIA's email notification, regular and wireless. Previous Diesel Fuel Price Data ...

  17. Current Contract Solicitations | U.S. DOE Office of Science ...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Please check regularly. Note: The appearance of hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement of these external web sites or the information, products or services contained therein by ...

  18. Sandia Energy - Sandia-California Partners with Japanese National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dr. An is an internationally recognized expert on scanning probe microscopy, such as atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy, and regularly visits...

  19. Fermilab | Directorate | LBNF/DUNE Resources Review Boards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Directorate chairs the boards and organize regular meetings to ensure the flow of resources needed for the smooth progress of the enterprise and for its successful...

  20. Awards | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    innovative discoveries and exceptional staff are regularly recognized for national and global leadership in energy efficiency and renewable energy research and development....

  1. Tropospheric and Lower Stratospheric Ozone Profiles From AERI...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (AERI-X) has been in regular operation at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Atmospheric Radiation Measurements (ARM) Program site, conditions permitting, since the mid-1990s. ...

  2. Management Challenges Report, IG0808 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Management Challenges Report, IG0808 Management Challenges Report, IG0808 Office of Inspector General regularly identifies what it considers to be the Department of Energy's most...

  3. Betting on the Future: The authors compare natural gas forecaststo futures buys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

    2006-01-20

    On December 12, 2005, the reference case projections from Annual Energy Outlook 2006 (AEO 2006) were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. We at LBNL have in the past compared the EIA's reference case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market. The goal is better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables play in mitigating such risk. As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. Below is a discussion of our findings. As a refresher, our past work in this area has found that over the past five years, forward natural gas contracts (with prices that can be locked in--.g., gas futures, swaps, and physical supply) have traded at a premium relative to contemporaneous long-term reference case gas price forecasts from the EIA. As such, we have concluded that, over the past five years at least, levelized cost comparisons of fixed-price renewable generation with variable price gas-fired generation have yielded results that are ''biased'' in favor of gas-fired generation, presuming that long-term price stability is valued. In this article we update our past analysis to include the latest long-term gas price forecast from the EIA, as contained in AEO 2006. For the sake of brevity, we do not rehash information (on methodology, potential explanations for the premiums, etc.) contained in our earlier reports on this topic. As was the case in the past five AEO releases (AEO 2001-AEO 2005), we once again find that the AEO 2006 reference case gas price forecast falls well below where NYMEX natural gas futures contracts were trading at the time the EIA finalized its gas price forecast. In fact, the NYMEX-AEO 2006 reference case comparison yields by far the largest premium--$2.3/MMBtu levelized over five years--that we have seen over the last six years. In other words, on average, one would have had to pay $2.3/MMBtu more than the AEO 2006 reference case natural gas price forecast in order to lock in natural gas prices over the coming five years. Fixed-price generation (like certain forms of renewable generation) obviously need not bear this added cost, and moreover can provide price stability for terms well in excess of five years

  4. An examination of the costs and critical characteristics of electric utility distribution system capacity enhancement projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balducci, Patrick J.; Schienbein, Lawrence A.; Nguyen, Tony B.; Brown, Daryl R.; Fathelrahman, Eihab M.

    2004-06-01

    This report classifies and analyzes the capital and total costs (e.g., income tax, property tax, depreciation, centralized power generation, insurance premiums, and capital financing) associated with 130 electricity distribution system capacity enhancement projects undertaken during 1995-2002 or planned in the 2003-2011 time period by three electric power utilities operating in the Pacific Northwest. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), in cooperation with participating utilities, has developed a large database of over 3,000 distribution system projects. The database includes brief project descriptions, capital cost estimates, the stated need for each project, and engineering data. The database was augmented by additional technical (e.g., line loss, existing substation capacities, and forecast peak demand for power in the area served by each project), cost (e.g., operations, maintenance, and centralized power generation costs), and financial (e.g., cost of capital, insurance premiums, depreciations, and tax rates) data. Though there are roughly 3,000 projects in the database, the vast majority were not included in this analysis because they either did not clearly enhance capacity or more information was needed, and not available, to adequately conduct the cost analyses. For the 130 projects identified for this analysis, capital cost frequency distributions were constructed, and expressed in terms of dollars per kVA of additional capacity. The capital cost frequency distributions identify how the projects contained within the database are distributed across a broad cost spectrum. Furthermore, the PNNL Energy Cost Analysis Model (ECAM) was used to determine the full costs (e.g., capital, operations and maintenance, property tax, income tax, depreciation, centralized power generation costs, insurance premiums and capital financing) associated with delivering electricity to customers, once again expressed in terms of costs per kVA of additional capacity. The projects were sorted into eight categories (capacitors, load transfer, new feeder, new line, new substation, new transformer, reconductoring, and substation capacity increase) and descriptive statistics (e.g., mean, total cost, number of observations, and standard deviation) were constructed for each project type. Furthermore, statistical analysis has been performed using ordinary least squares regression analysis to identify how various project variables (e.g., project location, the primary customer served by the project, the type of project, the reason for the upgrade, size of the upgrade) impact the unit cost of the project.

  5. Numerical Differentiation of Noisy, Nonsmooth Data

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chartrand, Rick

    2011-01-01

    We consider the problem of differentiating a function specified by noisy data. Regularizing the differentiation process avoids the noise amplification of finite-difference methods. We use total-variation regularization, which allows for discontinuous solutions. The resulting simple algorithm accurately differentiates noisy functions, including those which have a discontinuous derivative.

  6. U.S. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    364,053.0 357,796.9 357,455.7 341,771.5 1983-2016 Regular 321,781.2 317,078.4 316,192.1 310,742.2 310,405.7 297,012.1 1983-2016 Conventional Regular 214,959.4 211,362.0 ...

  7. Special Emphasis Observances | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Diversity and Inclusion » Special Emphasis Observances Special Emphasis Observances The Energy Department celebrates special emphasis observances regularly, inviting guest speakers to highlight how the agency's mission benefits from diversity and inclusion. The Energy Department celebrates special emphasis observances regularly, inviting guest speakers to highlight how the agency's mission benefits from diversity and inclusion. The Department of Energy observes special days, weeks, and months

  8. Design Considerations for Economically Competitive Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hongbin Zhang; Haihua Zhao

    2009-05-01

    The technological viability of sodium cooled fast reactors (SFR) has been established by various experimental and prototype (demonstration) reactors such as EBR-II, FFTF, Phnix, JOYO, BN-600 etc. However, the economic competitiveness of SFR has not been proven yet. The perceived high cost premium of SFRs over LWRs has been the primary impediment to the commercial expansion of SFR technologies. In this paper, cost reduction options are discussed for advanced SFR designs. These include a hybrid loop-pool design to optimize the primary system, multiple reheat and intercooling helium Brayton cycle for the power conversion system and the potential for suppression of intermediate heat transport system. The design options for the fully passive decay heat removal systems are also thoroughly examined. These include direct reactor auxiliary cooling system (DRACS), reactor vessel auxiliary cooling system (RVACS) and the newly proposed pool reactor auxiliary cooling system (PRACS) in the context of the hybrid loop-pool design.

  9. Supplying LNG markets using nitrogen rejection units at Exxon Shute Creek Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanus, P.M.; Kimble, E.L.

    1995-11-01

    Interest is growing in the United States for using Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) as an alternative transportation fuel for diesel and as a source of heating fuel. For gas producers, LNG offers a premium price opportunity versus conventional natural gas sales. To supply this developing market, two existing Nitrogen Rejection Units (NRU) at the Exxon Shute Creek Facility in Wyoming were modified allowing LNG extraction and truck loading for transport to customers. The modifications involved adding heat exchanger capacity to the NRUs to compensate for the refrigeration loss when LNG is removed. Besides allowing for LNG extraction, the modifications also debottlenecked the NRUs resulting in higher methane recovery and lower compression costs. With the modifications, the NRUs are capable of producing for sale 60,000 gpd (5 MMscfd gas equivalent) of high purity LNG. Total investment has been $5 million with initial sales of LNG occurring in September 1994.

  10. Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2013 Data)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; Belyeu, K.; Kuskova-Burns, K.

    2014-11-01

    Voluntary green power markets are those in which consumers and institutions voluntarily purchase renewable energy to match their electricity needs. This report surveys utilities, competitive suppliers, renewable energy certificate (REC) marketers, and, for the first time, the community choice aggregation market. This report finds that the voluntary market totaled 62 million megawatt-hours in 2013. Approximately 5.4 million customers are purchasing green power. This report presents data and analysis on voluntary market sales and customer participation, products and premiums, green pricing marketing, and administrative expenses. The report also details trends in REC tracking systems, REC pricing in voluntary and compliance markets, community and crowd-funded solar, and interest in renewable energy by the information and communication technologies sector.

  11. A Self-Biasing Pulsed Depressed Collector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kemp, Mark A.; Jensen, Aaron; Neilson, Jeff; /SLAC

    2014-05-29

    Depressed collectors have been utilized successfully for many years to improve the electrical efficiency of vacuum electron devices. Increasingly, pulsed, high-peak power accelerator applications are placing a premium on electrical efficiency. As RF systems are responsible for a large percentage of the overall energy usage at accelerator laboratories, methods to improve upon the state-of-the-art in pulsed high-power sources are desired. This paper presents a technique for self-biasing the stages in a multistage depressed collector. With this technique, the energy lost during the rise and fall times of the pulse can be recovered, separate power supplies are not needed, and existing modulators can be retrofitted. Calculations show that significant cost savings can be realized with the implementation of this device in high-power systems. In this paper, the technique is described along with experimental demonstration. (auth)

  12. SSL Pricing and Efficacy Trend Analysis for Utility Program Planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tuenge, Jason R.

    2013-10-01

    An LED lamp or luminaire can generally be found that matches or exceeds the efficacy of benchmark technologies in a given product category, and LED products continue to expand into ever-higher lumen output niches. However, the price premium for LED continues to pose a barrier to adoption in many applications, in spite of expected savings from reduced energy use and maintenance. Other factors—such as dimmability and quality of light—can also present challenges. The appropriate type, timing, and magnitude of energy efficiency activities will vary from organization to organization based on local variables and the method of evaluation. A number of factors merit consideration when prioritizing activities for development. Category-specific projections for pricing and efficacy are provided herein to assist in efficiency program planning efforts.

  13. Instrumentation requirements from the user's view. [For airbreathing hypersonic engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harsha, P.T.

    1988-01-01

    The use of combustor diagnostics is considered from the point of view of demonstration of performance of an airbreathing hypersonic engine. The basic need is seen to be that of providing the data necessary to verify performance predictions for the engine as installed in the airplane. This necessitates the use of a diagnostics capability that can provide the inputs required by the computational analyses that will be used to assess this performance. Because of the cost of ground test facilities, a premium is placed on measurement technique reliability and redundancy of instrumentation. A mix of nonintrusive optical techniques and probe-based measurements is seen to be the best approach using current diagnostics capability; one such instrument mix is outlined for a ramjet/scramjet test program. 11 references.

  14. Economical wind protection - underground

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiesling, E.W.

    1980-01-01

    Earth-sheltered buildings inherently posess near-absolute occupant protection from severe winds. They should sustain no structural damage and only minimal facial damage. Assuming that the lower-hazard risk attendant to this type of construction results in reduced insurance-premium rates, the owner accrues economic benefits from the time of construction. Improvements to aboveground buildings, in contrast, may not yield early economic benefits in spite of a favorable benefit-to-cost ratio. This, in addition to sensitivity to initial costs, traditionalism in residential construction, and lack of professional input to design, impede the widespread use of underground improvements and the subsequent economic losses from severe winds. Going underground could reverse the trend. 7 references.

  15. Oil shale technology. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    This collaborative project with industrial participants studied oil shale retorting through an integrated program of fundamental research, mathematical model development and operation of a 4-tonne-per-day solid recirculation oil shale test unit. Quarterly, project personnel presented progress and findings to a Project Guidance Committee consisting of company representatives and DOE program management. We successfully operated the test unit, developed the oil shale process (OSP) mathematical model, evaluated technical plans for process scale up and determined economics for a successful small scale commercial deployment, producing premium motor fuel, specility chemicals along with electricity co-production. In budget negotiations, DOE funding for this three year CRADA was terminated, 17 months prematurely, as of October 1993. Funds to restore the project and continue the partnership have not been secured.

  16. Kelley Hot Spring Geothermal Project: Kelly Hot Spring Agricultural Center conceptual design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Longyear, A.B.

    1980-06-01

    The proposed core activity in the Kelly Hot Spring Agricultural Center is a nominal 1200 sow swine raising complex. The swine raising is to be a totally confined operation for producing premium pork in controlled environment facilities that utilize geothermal energy. The complex will include a feedmill for producing the various feed formulae required for the animals from breeding through gestation, farrowing, nursery, growing and finishing. The market animals are shipped live by truck to slaughter in Modesto, California. A complete waste management facility will include manure collection from all raising areas, transport via a water flush sysem to methane (biogas) generators, manure separation, settling ponds and disposition of the surplus agricultural quality water. The design is based upon the best commercial practices in confined swine raising in the US today. The most unique feature of the facility is the utilization of geothermal hot water for space heating and process energy throughout the complex.

  17. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, L.; Kaiser, M.

    2007-10-01

    In the early 1990s, only a handful of utilities offered their customers a choice of purchasing electricity generated from renewable energy sources. Today, more than 750 utilities--or about 25% of all utilities nationally--provide their customers a "green power" option. Through these programs, more than 70 million customers have the ability to purchase renewable energy to meet some portion or all of their electricity needs--or make contributions to support the development of renewable energy resources. Typically, customers pay a premium above standard electricity rates for this service. This report presents year-end 2006 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities to benchmark the success of their green power programs.

  18. Trends in Utility Green Pricing Programs (2006)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bird, Lori; Kaiser, Marshall

    2007-10-01

    In the early 1990s, only a handful of utilities offered their customers a choice of purchasing electricity generated from renewable energy sources. Today, more than 750 utilitiesor about 25% of all utilities nationallyprovide their customers a green power option. Through these programs, more than 70 million customers have the ability to purchase renewable energy to meet some portion or all of their electricity needsor make contributions to support the development of renewable energy resources. Typically, customers pay a premium above standard electricity rates for this service. This report presents year-end 2006 data on utility green pricing programs, and examines trends in consumer response and program implementation over time. The data in this report, which were obtained via a questionnaire distributed to utility green pricing program managers, can be used by utilities to benchmark the success of their green power programs.

  19. Coverage Range Retiree Only Retiree

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Coverage Range Retiree Only Retiree and Spouse $10,000 7.00 $ 10.80 $ $20,000 14.00 $ 21.60 $ $25,000 17.50 $ 27.00 $ $30,000 21.00 $ 32.40 $ $40,000 28.00 $ 43.20 $ $50,000 35.00 $ 54.00 $ $60,000 42.00 $ 64.80 $ $70,000 49.00 $ 75.60 $ $80,000 56.00 $ 86.40 $ $90,000 63.00 $ 97.20 $ $100,000 70.00 $ 108.00 $ $150,000 105.00 $ 162.00 $ $200,000 140.00 $ 216.00 $ $250,000 175.00 $ 270.00 $ LANL Annual AD&D Retiree Insurance Premiums (Rates shown are paid by the participant)

  20. Fast Response, Load-Matching Hybrid Fuel Cell: Final Technical Progress Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Key, T. S.; Sitzlar, H. E.; Geist, T. D.

    2003-06-01

    Hybrid DER technologies interconnected with the grid can provide improved performance capabilities compared to a single power source, and, add value, when matched to appropriate applications. For example, in a typical residence, the interconnected hybrid system could provide power during a utility outage, and also could compensate for voltage sags in the utility service. Such a hybrid system would then function as a premium power provider and eliminate the potential need for an uninterruptible power supply. In this research project, a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell is combined with an asymmetrical ultracapacitor to provide robust power response to changes in system loading. This project also considers the potential of hybrid DER technologies to improve overall power system compatibility and performance. This report includes base year accomplishments of a proposed 3-year-option project.

  1. Refiners Switch to RFG Complex Model

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1998-01-01

    On January 1, 1998, domestic and foreign refineries and importers must stop using the "simple" model and begin using the "complex" model to calculate emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC), toxic air pollutants (TAP), and nitrogen oxides (NOx) from motor gasoline. The primary differences between application of the two models is that some refineries may have to meet stricter standards for the sulfur and olefin content of the reformulated gasoline (RFG) they produce and all refineries will now be held accountable for NOx emissions. Requirements for calculating emissions from conventional gasoline under the anti-dumping rule similarly change for exhaust TAP and NOx. However, the change to the complex model is not expected to result in an increase in the price premium for RFG or constrain supplies.

  2. The revenue requirement approach to analysis of alternative technologies in the electric utility industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lohrasbi, J. )

    1990-01-01

    The advancement of coal-based power generation technology is of primary interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The interests are well-founded due to increasing costs for premium fuels and, more importantly, the establishment of energy independence to promote national security. One of DOE's current goals is to promote the development of coal-fired technology for the electric utility industry. This paper is concerned with the economic comparison of two alternative technologies: the coal gasification-combined cycle (GCC) and the coal-fired magnetohydrodynamic (MHD)-combined cycle. The revenue requirement analysis was used for the economic evaluation of engineering alternatives in the electric utility industry. The results were compared based on year-by-year revenue requirement analysis. A computer program was written in Fortran to perform the calculations.

  3. Utility Green-Pricing Programs: What Defines Success? (Topical Issues Brief)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swezey, B.; Bird, L.

    2001-09-13

    ''Green pricing'' is an optional service through which customers can support a greater level of investment by their electric utility in renewable energy technologies. Electric utilities in 29 states are now implementing green-pricing programs. This report examines important elements of green-pricing programs, including the different types of programs offered, the premiums charged, customer response, and additional factors that experience indicates are key to the development of successful programs. The best-performing programs tend to share a number of common attributes related to product design, value creation, product pricing, and program implementation. The report ends with a list of ''best practices'' for utilities to follow when developing and implementing programs.

  4. The use of dimethyl ether as a starting aid for methanol-fueled SI engines at low temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kozole, K.H.; Wallace, J.S

    1988-01-01

    Methanol-fueled SI engines have proven to be difficult to start at ambient temperatures below approximately 10/sup 0/C. The use of dimethyl ether (DME) is proposed to improve the cold starting performance of methanol-fueled SI engines. Tests to evaluate this idea were carried out with a modified single-cylinder CFR research engine having a compression ratio of 12:1. The engine was fueled with combinations of gaseous dimethyl ether and liquid methanol having DME mass fractions of 30%, 40%, 60% and 70%. For comparison, tests were also carried out with 100% methanol and with winter grade premium unleaded gasoline. Overall stoichiometric mixtures were used in all tests.

  5. Shale Oil Value Enhancement Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James W. Bunger

    2006-11-30

    Raw kerogen oil is rich in heteroatom-containing compounds. Heteroatoms, N, S & O, are undesirable as components of a refinery feedstock, but are the basis for product value in agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, surfactants, solvents, polymers, and a host of industrial materials. An economically viable, technologically feasible process scheme was developed in this research that promises to enhance the economics of oil shale development, both in the US and elsewhere in the world, in particular Estonia. Products will compete in existing markets for products now manufactured by costly synthesis routes. A premium petroleum refinery feedstock is also produced. The technology is now ready for pilot plant engineering studies and is likely to play an important role in developing a US oil shale industry.

  6. Importance of energy efficiency in the design of the Process and Environmental Technology Laboratory (PETL) at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico (NM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wrons, R.

    1998-06-01

    As part of the design of the Process and Environmental Technology Laboratory (PETL) in FY97, an energy conservation report (ECR) was completed. The original energy baseline for the building, established in Title 1 design, was 595,000 BTU/sq. ft./yr, site energy use. Following the input of several reviewers and the incorporation of the various recommendations into the Title 2 design, the projected energy consumption was reduced to 341,000 BTU/sq. ft./yr. Of this reduction, it is estimated that about 150,000 BTU/sq. ft./yr resulted from inclusion of more energy efficient options into the design. The remaining reductions resulted from better accounting of energy consumption between Title 1 ECR and the final ECR. The energy efficient features selected by the outcome of the ECR were: (1) Energy Recovery system, with evaporative cooling assist, for the Exhaust/Make-up Air System; (2) Chilled Water Thermal Storage system; (3) Premium efficiency motors for large, year-round applications; (4) Variable frequency drives for all air handling fan motors; (4) Premium efficiency multiple boiler system; and (5) Lighting control system. The annual energy cost savings due to these measures will be about $165,000. The estimated annual energy savings are two million kWhrs electric, and 168,000 therms natural gas, the total of which is equivalent to 23,000 million BTUs per year. Put into the perspective of a typical office/light lab at SNL/NM, the annual energy savings is equal the consumption of a 125,000 square foot building. The reduced air emissions are approximately 2,500 tons annually.

  7. Apparatus and procedure to characterize the surface quality of conductors by measuring the rate of cathode emission as a function of surface electric field strength

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mestayer, Mac; Christo, Steve; Taylor, Mark

    2014-10-21

    A device and method for characterizing quality of a conducting surface. The device including a gaseous ionizing chamber having centrally located inside the chamber a conducting sample to be tested to which a negative potential is applied, a plurality of anode or "sense" wires spaced regularly about the central test wire, a plurality of "field wires" at a negative potential are spaced regularly around the sense, and a plurality of "guard wires" at a positive potential are spaced regularly around the field wires in the chamber. The method utilizing the device to measure emission currents from the conductor.

  8. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights  The weekly U.S. average regular gasoline retail price has fallen by more than 40 cents per gallon since the beginning of September. EIA's forecast for the regular gasoline retail price averages $3.24 per gallon in the fourth quarter of 2013, $0.10 per gallon less than forecast in last month's STEO. The annual average regular gasoline retail price, which was $3.63 per gallon in 2012, is expected to average $3.50 per gallon in 2013 and $3.39 per gallon in 2014.  The North

  9. Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2014

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    and Summer Fuels Outlook (STEO) Highlights * During the April-through-September summer driving season this year, regular gasoline retail prices are forecast to average $3.57/gallon (gal). The projected monthly national average regular retail gasoline price falls from $3.66/gal in May to $3.46/gal in September. EIA expects regular gasoline retail prices to average $3.45/gal in 2014 and $3.37/gal in 2015, compared with $3.51/gal in 2013. The July 2014 New York Harbor reformulated blendstock for

  10. Short-Term Energy Outlook May 2014

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights * During the April-through-September summer driving season this year, regular gasoline retail prices are forecast to average $3.61/gallon (gal), 3 cents higher than last year and 4 cents higher than projected in last month's STEO. The projected monthly national average regular gasoline retail price falls from $3.72/gal in May to $3.51/gal in September. EIA expects regular gasoline retail prices to average $3.48/gal in 2014 and $3.39/gal in 2015, compared with $3.51/gal in 2013.

  11. Short-Term Energy Outlook September 2014

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights  Driven in large part by falling crude oil prices, U.S. regular gasoline retail prices fell to an average of $3.49/per gallon (gal) in August, 12 cents below the July average and 21 cents below the average in June. U.S. regular gasoline retail prices are projected to continue to decline to an average of $3.18/gal in December, 12 cents lower than projected in last month's STEO. EIA expects U.S. regular gasoline retail prices, which averaged $3.51/gal in 2013, to average

  12. April 2013 Short-Term Energy and Summer Fuels Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    and Summer Fuels Outlook (STEO) Highlights  During the April-through-September summer driving season this year, regular gasoline retail prices are forecast to average $3.63 per gallon. The projected monthly average regular retail gasoline price falls from $3.69 per gallon in May to $3.57 per gallon in September. EIA expects regular gasoline retail prices to average $3.56 per gallon in 2013 and $3.39 per gallon in 2014, compared with $3.63 per gallon in 2012. The July 2013 New York harbor

  13. Microsoft Word - Highlights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (STEO) Highlights  Falling crude oil prices contributed to a decline in the U.S. regular gasoline retail price from a year-to-date high of $3.78 per gallon on February 25 to $3.52 per gallon on April 29. EIA expects the regular gasoline price will average $3.53 per gallon over the summer (April through September), down $0.10 per gallon from last month's STEO. The annual average regular gasoline retail price is projected to decline from $3.63 per gallon in 2012 to $3.50 per gallon in 2013 and

  14. March 2013 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (STEO) Highlights  The weekly U.S. average regular gasoline retail price fell in early March for the first time since mid-December. The March 11 average was $3.71 per gallon, down $0.07 per gallon from February 25. EIA expects that lower crude oil prices will result in monthly average regular gasoline prices staying near the February average of $3.67 per gallon over the next few months, with the annual average regular gasoline retail price declining from $3.63 per gallon in 2012 to $3.55 per

  15. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    cent The U.S. average retail price of regular gasoline decreased 0.2 cent this week to stay at 3.94 per gallon, 15 cents per gallon higher than last year at this time. The West...

  16. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    West Coast continued as the highest regional price, dwindling a fraction of a cent to stay at 2.85 per gallon. The average price for regular grade in California moved slightly...

  17. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    surpluses weve become accustomed to may be fading away. Retail Gasoline Prices Stay Put The retail price for regular motor gasoline was static this week, staying at 1.404...

  18. PNM- Performance-Based Solar PV Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    REC payments are based on the system's total output. PNM will purchase RECs from each participant as part of the regular monthly billing process. Participants will receive a monthly bill...

  19. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    gasoline data elements are not affected by the switch to ethanol. U.S. Retail Gasoline Price Increases Ahead of the Holiday The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose...

  20. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    for oil markets. Retail Gasoline Prices Gain Almost 5 Cents The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline increased 4.7 cents last week to jump to 279.6 cents per gallon...

  1. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    the average U.S. retail price for regular gasoline has reached 3 per gallon at least once (besides the record set in 2005, it also reached 3 per gallon or higher during four...

  2. Fight Fall Allergies and Save Energy by Checking Your HVAC System...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Three months into my stay, I developed a persistent, dry cough. After weeks of suffering, ... I cleaned out the filter, made a habit to do so regularly, and my cough cleared right up. ...

  3. Global Social Media Directory: A Resource Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noonan, Christine F.; Piatt, Andrew W.

    2014-10-23

    The Global Social Media Directory is a resource guide providing information on social networking services around the globe. This information changes rapidly, therefore, this document will be updated on a regular basis and as funding permits.

  4. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    mostly down throughout the country on May 20, with the increase in the U.S. price stemming from a large increase in the Midwest price. The Midwest retail price for regular...

  5. PXXX-X

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    carpet and draperies Costs for newspaper advertisements for sale or lease of property Relocation Travel for Regular Hires Rev. 0 LANL CFO-TR9007 5 of 11 Re-keying...

  6. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Drivers of the recent rise in U.S. gasoline prices On July 2, the average price at the pump for regular gasoline in the United States was 3.36 per gallon, the lowest level since...

  7. NUG Executive Committee (NUGEX)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NERSC users, NUGEX members regularly participate in the monthly teleconferences and the annual face-to-face meeting. NUGEX is consulted on many NERSC policy issues, e.g., batch...

  8. CRAD, Pressurized Systems and Cryogens Assessment Plan

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Assure personnel health and safety through regularly scheduled inspections and maintenance on pressure vessels and equipment, compressed gases and gas cylinders, vacuum equipment and systems, hydraulics, and cryogenic materials and systems.

  9. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    type YESNO15. IMPBLT2 Imputed AC manufacture YESNO15. IMPMNT2 Imputed regular maintenance YESNO15. IMPCMP2 Imputed control by computer YESNO15. IMPPA2 Imputed professional ...

  10. Access Your Files | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    apps. It can be used on many operating systems and devices, including desktop and laptop computers, tablets, and smartphones. Accounts All full- or part-time regular employees are...

  11. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    average for regular gasoline rose 46 cents from the previous week to 3.07 per gallon on Labor Day, September 5, just a nickel shy of the inflation-adjusted record of 3.12...

  12. Accommodations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Albuquerque Sunport Air Major airlines serve Santa Fe via the Albuquerque International Sunport, just 60 miles to the south of Santa Fe. Regular shuttle bus service and the New...

  13. Solar Water Heating System Maintenance and Repair | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Water Heating System Maintenance and Repair Solar Water Heating System Maintenance and Repair May 30, 2012 - 2:35pm Addthis Rooftop solar water heaters need regular maintenance to...

  14. Gasoline prices inch down slightly (short version)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell slightly to 3.54 a gallon on Monday. That's down 6-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly...

  15. Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of the public are welcome to observe the business of the meeting and, if time allows, may ... DHS has determined that regular driver's licenses (and ID cards) from the following ...

  16. NUG Monthly Telecon Agenda

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SBATCH --accountmpccc SBATCH --nodes2 SBATCH --time00:30:00 srun -n 16 .mpi-hello export OMPNUMTHREADS8 srun -n 8 -c 8 .xthi binbash -l SBATCH -p regular...

  17. New Global Research Website | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the time to visit geglobalresearch.com. We hope you make it a regular destination to learn about how GE Global Research is working to improve the world by pushing the limits of...

  18. No Slide Title

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Training Meeting San Antonio, Texas-May 20-22, 2008 Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy & the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Introduction * Categories of regularly...

  19. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    scale length. In this paper, ideal MHD is regularized by using a k-space cutoff, making the ray tracing for the WKB ballooning formalism a chaotic Hamiltonian billiard...

  20. HPSS Outage Tue Mar 19 - Fri Mar 22

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the HPSS client software tools hsi and htar. Note that if you use a "regular" ftp client, your current client will work with the new version of the HPSS server software....

  1. Career Stories

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    he was a regular tourist taking a road trip through the American West with three Italian friends. - 41215 Sim Balkey Sim Balkey-On the way up The "kid who has the goods"...

  2. Employee Spotlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    he was a regular tourist taking a road trip through the American West with three Italian friends. 41215 Sim Balkey Sim Balkey-On the way up The "kid who has the goods" has...

  3. Fort Collins Utilities- Home Efficiency Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A customer repays the loan amount through their regularly scheduled monthly utility bills (i.e., “on-bill financing”). The maximum loan amount is $15,000, and the repayment schedule ranges from 5...

  4. Jack Case ? Tool and die maker to plant manager

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    drafted into the regular Army at St. Louis, Missouri. As they were going through the induction process, one of the officers processing the paperwork said to Jack, "You are going...

  5. Bioenergy & Clean Cities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE's Bioenergy Technologies Office and the Clean Cities program regularly conduct a joint Web conference for state energy office representatives and Clean Cities coordinators. The Web conferences...

  6. Fact #766: February 11, 2013 Electricity Prices are More Stable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    comparing the national average retail price for a gallon of regular gasoline and a kilowatt-hour (kWh) for residential electricity, the pricing for gasoline is far more volatile. ...

  7. EIS-0026-S2: Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Disposal Phase, Carlsbad, New Mexico

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    SEIS-II evaluates environmental impacts resulting from the various treatment options; the transportation of TRU waste to WIPP using truck, a combination of truck and regular rail service, and a...

  8. Fact #809: December 23, 2013 What Do We Pay for in a Gallon of Gasoline?

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The figure below shows how the shares of component costs have changed for a gallon of regular gasoline over the ten-year period from September 2003 to September 2013. In 2003, crude oil accounted...

  9. First Director Named for Center for Accelerator Science | Jefferson...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and is a regular teacher at the U.S. Particle Accelerator School. He is the inventor of several types of accelerating cavities that are being used worldwide. "Jean's...

  10. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    3 Table 5.24 Retail Motor Gasoline and On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Dollars per Gallon) Year Motor Gasoline by Grade Regular Motor Gasoline by Area...

  11. Fermilab Today

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    section, appears on the furlough Web pages regularly. Layoff Information New information on Fermilab layoffs, including an up-to-date Q&A section, appears on the layoff Web pages. ...

  12. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for the U.S. Department of Energy Denovo Parallel S N Denovo Capabilities * State of the art transport methods - 3D2D, non-uniform, regular grid S N - Multigroup energy,...

  13. Excerpts from the FAPAC Constitution and Bylaws Modified and...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... Receive and collect all funds payable to FAPAC-NM b. Pay all financial obligations of ... Present a report on the financial status of FAPAC-NM at each regular meeting Section 6. ...

  14. Feature Clustering for Accelerating Parallel Coordinate Descent

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scherrer, Chad; Tewari, Ambuj; Halappanavar, Mahantesh; Haglin, David J.

    2012-12-06

    We demonstrate an approach for accelerating calculation of the regularization path for L1 sparse logistic regression problems. We show the benefit of feature clustering as a preconditioning step for parallel block-greedy coordinate descent algorithms.

  15. MHK Technologies/WET EnGen | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Test of Wave Energy Technologies Moored Floating WET EnGen: Regular and Irregular Waves. TR-2009-13, Fraser Winsor and Emile Baddour, June 2009. Date Submitted 1082010 << Return...

  16. U.S. gasoline prices decrease (short version)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    price for regular gasoline fell to 3.46 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information...

  17. U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (short version)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.51 a gallon on Monday. That's down a penny from a week ago and down 13 cents from a month ago, based on the weekly price survey...

  18. U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (long version)

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.51 a gallon on Monday. That's down a penny from a week ago and down 13 cents from a month ago, based on the weekly price survey...

  19. U.S. gasoline prices continues to decrease (short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    retail price for regular gasoline fell to 2.32 a gallon on Monday. That's down half a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information...

  20. U.S. gasoline prices decrease (Short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    price for regular gasoline fell to 2.45 a gallon on Monday. That's down 9-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information...

  1. Building Energy Code for the District of Columbia

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The DC Energy Conservation Code is updated regularly as national codes are revised or if a change is proposed by local code enforcement officials, industry, design professionals, or other...

  2. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    price for regular gasoline reaching a new record (unadjusted for inflation), it is best to get straight to the facts, as EIA sees them. Judging from the way our phones have...

  3. U.S. gasoline prices increase slightly

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to 3.55 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

  4. Gasoline prices decrease (short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gasoline prices decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.67 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based...

  5. Gasoline prices rise again (long version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to 3.78 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.7 cents from a week ago and up almost 43 cents from 4 weeks ago,...

  6. EIA Radio Service

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    gasoline prices continues to decrease at lowest level since May 2009 (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 2.14 a gallon on Monday. That's...

  7. Gasoline prices decrease (short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.63 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.9 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the...

  8. Gasoline prices inch down (short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the...

  9. Gasoline prices decrease (short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gasoline prices decrease (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.9 cents from a week ago, based on the...

  10. Gasoline prices - January 7, 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline showed little movement from last week. Prices remained flat at 3.30 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly price...

  11. Gasoline prices inch up (long version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to 3.66 a gallon on Monday. That's up nine tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly...

  12. Gasoline prices inch down (long version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gasoline prices inch down (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the...

  13. STEO January 2013 - average gasoline prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    drivers to see lower average gasoline prices in 2013 and 2014 U.S. retail gasoline prices are expected to decline over the next two years. The average pump price for regular...

  14. Gasoline prices increase (short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    gasoline prices increase (short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose to 3.69 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.2 cents from a week ago, based on the...

  15. Gasoline prices decrease (long version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.65 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.8 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the...

  16. Gasoline prices inch down (Short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline rose slightly to 3.66 a gallon on Monday. That's up nine tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly...

  17. Gasoline prices fall slightly (long version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell slightly to 3.49 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly...

  18. Gasoline prices decrease (Short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.65 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.8 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the...

  19. Gasoline prices - January 7, 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline showed little movement from last week. Prices remained flat at 3.30 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly price...

  20. Gasoline prices decrease (long version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.63 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.9 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the...

  1. EIA Radio Service

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    January 12, 2015 U.S. gasoline prices continue to decrease (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 2.14 a gallon on Monday. That's down 7 ...

  2. Gasoline prices decrease (long version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gasoline prices decrease (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.70 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.4 cents from a week ago, based on the...

  3. Gasoline prices decrease (long version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5, 2014 Gasoline prices decrease (long version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell to 3.68 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.9 cents from a week ago, based on...

  4. Gasoline prices fall slightly (short version)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    short version) The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline fell slightly to 3.49 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly...

  5. ARM - Blog Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SGP] All About the Pyrheliometers: 12th Annual IPC Conference Bookmark and Share Editor's Note: Craig Webb, calibration technician at the Southern Great Plains site, sent this update. Data quality of the measurements from radiometers requires accurate and regular recalibration traceable to the World Radiometric Reference, the international standard of solar radiation measurement. Data quality of the measurements from radiometers requires accurate and regular recalibration traceable to the World

  6. Protection #2: Trap and Remove Sediment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Trap and Remove Sediment Protection #2: Trap and Remove Sediment The 3 Protections = Defense in Depth August 1, 2013 Sediment behind LA Canyon weir is sampled and excavated regularly. As of 2012, no sediment required disposal as hazardous or radioactive waste. Sediment behind LA Canyon weir is sampled and excavated regularly. As of 2012, no sediment required disposal as hazardous or radioactive waste. The 3 Protections Protection #1: Remove the source of contamination Protection #2: Stabilize,

  7. Researchers model birth of universe in one of largest cosmological

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    simulations ever run | Argonne National Laboratory Galaxies have halos surrounding them, which may be composed of both dark and regular matter. This image shows a substructure within a halo in the Q Continuum simulation, with "subhalos" marked in different colors. Image by Heitmann et al. (Click to view larger.) Galaxies have halos surrounding them, which may be composed of both dark and regular matter. This image shows a substructure within a halo in the Q Continuum simulation,

  8. The quasicontinuum Fokker-Plank equation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alexander, Francis J

    2008-01-01

    We present a regularized Fokker-Planck equation with more accurate short-time and high-frequency behavior for continuous-time, discrete-state systems. The regularization preserves crucial aspects of state-space discreteness lost in the standard Kramers-Moyal expansion. We apply the method to a simple example of biochemical reaction kinetics and to a two-dimensional symmetric random walk, and suggest its application to more complex systerns.

  9. Open Data Winners from the SXSW Eco Hackathon | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Open Data Winners from the SXSW Eco Hackathon Open Data Winners from the SXSW Eco Hackathon October 25, 2012 - 5:43pm Addthis The developers of HOMEee at SXSW. This android application helps homeowners track regular maintenance and opportunities for energy efficiency in a fun way, treating your home like a digital pet that gets happier as you make smarter energy choices. | Photo by Ian Kalin. The developers of HOMEee at SXSW. This android application helps homeowners track regular maintenance

  10. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory September 2012

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory September 2012 Tritium, which has a half-life of 12.3 years, is an expected byproduct of accelerator operations at Fermilab. As part of our environmental monitoring program, we regularly sample the water discharged into the creeks on site and report the results to the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, as required by state regulations. We also regularly test the water in the sanitary sewers. The low levels of tritium found since 2005 in Indian Creek,

  11. Charge Transport Anisotropy Due to Grain Boundaries in Directionally

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Crystallized Thin Films of Regio-Regular Poly(3-hexylthiophene) Charge Transport Anisotropy Due to Grain Boundaries in Directionally Crystallized Thin Films of Regio-Regular Poly(3-hexylthiophene) Semicrystalline polymers, such as polythiophenes, hold much promise as active layers in printable electronic devices such as photovoltaic cells, sensors, and thin film transistors. As organic semiconductors approach commercialization, there is a need to better understand the relationship between

  12. Florida Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    19,451.1 20,200.0 20,563.9 20,899.8 19,995.3 1983-2016 Regular 17,524.3 16,775.3 17,484.0 17,763.0 18,134.1 17,280.5 1983-2016 Conventional Regular 17,524.3 16,775.3 17,484.0 ...

  13. Texas Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    37,718.2 38,125.4 38,128.9 37,654.3 37,457.7 1983-2016 Regular 34,350.8 33,338.6 33,577.6 33,682.9 33,155.3 33,165.4 1983-2016 Conventional Regular 19,957.9 18,644.8 18,786.3 ...

  14. Environmental Stewardship | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Environmental Stewardship Environmental Stewardship Oak Ridge’s EM program regularly monitors capped burial grounds in Melton Valley, near the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Oak Ridge's EM program regularly monitors capped burial grounds in Melton Valley, near the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The Oak Ridge Office of EM works with multiple regulatory agencies that promote safety and environmental quality regionally and nationally. Specifically, our office works with the Tennessee

  15. Solar Water Heating System Maintenance and Repair | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Water Heating System Maintenance and Repair Solar Water Heating System Maintenance and Repair Rooftop solar water heaters need regular maintenance to operate at peak efficiency. | Photo from iStockphoto.com Rooftop solar water heaters need regular maintenance to operate at peak efficiency. | Photo from iStockphoto.com Solar energy systems require periodic inspections and routine maintenance to keep them operating efficiently. Also, from time to time, components may need repair or replacement.

  16. Comparison of AEO 2006 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX FuturesPrices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

    2005-12-19

    On December 12, 2005, the reference case projections from ''Annual Energy Outlook 2006'' (AEO 2006) were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. We at LBNL have in the past compared the EIA's reference case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables play in mitigating such risk (see, for example, http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf). As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. This brief memo presents our findings. As a refresher, our past work in this area has found that over the past five years, forward natural gas contracts (with prices that can be locked in--e.g., gas futures, swaps, and physical supply) have traded at a premium relative to contemporaneous long-term reference case gas price forecasts from the EIA. As such, we have concluded that, over the past five years at least, levelized cost comparisons of fixed-price renewable generation with variable price gas-fired generation that have been based on AEO natural gas price forecasts (rather than forward prices) have yielded results that are ''biased'' in favor of gas-fired generation, presuming that long-term price stability is valued. In this memo we simply update our past analysis to include the latest long-term gas price forecast from the EIA, as contained in AEO 2006. For the sake of brevity, we do not rehash information (on methodology, potential explanations for the premiums, etc.) contained in our earlier reports on this topic; readers interested in such information are encouraged to download that work from http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf. As was the case in the past five AEO releases (AEO 2001-AEO 2005), we once again find that the AEO 2006 reference case gas price forecast falls well below where NYMEX natural gas futures contracts were trading at the time the EIA finalized its gas price forecast. In fact, the NYMEX-AEO 2006 reference case comparison yields by far the largest premium--$2.3/MMBtu levelized over five years--that we have seen over the last six years. In other words, on average, one would have had to pay $2.3/MMBtu more than the AEO 2006 reference case natural gas price forecast in order to lock in natural gas prices over the coming five years and thereby replicate the price stability provided intrinsically by fixed-price renewable generation (or other forms of generation whose costs are not tied to the price of natural gas). Fixed-price generation (like certain forms of renewable generation) obviously need not bear this added cost, and moreover can provide price stability for terms well in excess of five years.

  17. Comparison of AEO 2007 Natural Gas Price Forecast to NYMEX FuturesPrices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

    2006-12-06

    On December 5, 2006, the reference case projections from 'Annual Energy Outlook 2007' (AEO 2007) were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. We at LBNL have, in the past, compared the EIA's reference case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables play in mitigating such risk (see, for example, http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf). As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. This brief memo presents our findings. As a refresher, our past work in this area has found that over the past six years, forward natural gas contracts (with prices that can be locked in--e.g., gas futures, swaps, and physical supply) have traded at a premium relative to contemporaneous long-term reference case gas price forecasts from the EIA. As such, we have concluded that, over the past six years at least, levelized cost comparisons of fixed-price renewable generation with variable-price gas-fired generation that have been based on AEO natural gas price forecasts (rather than forward prices) have yielded results that are 'biased' in favor of gas-fired generation, presuming that long-term price stability is valued. In this memo we simply update our past analysis to include the latest long-term gas price forecast from the EIA, as contained in AEO 2007. For the sake of brevity, we do not rehash information (on methodology, potential explanations for the premiums, etc.) contained in our earlier reports on this topic; readers interested in such information are encouraged to download that work from http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf. As was the case in the past six AEO releases (AEO 2001-AEO 2006), we once again find that the AEO 2007 reference case gas price forecast falls well below where NYMEX natural gas futures contracts were trading at the time the EIA finalized its gas price forecast. Specifically, the NYMEX-AEO 2007 premium is $0.73/MMBtu levelized over five years. In other words, on average, one would have had to pay $0.73/MMBtu more than the AEO 2007 reference case natural gas price forecast in order to lock in natural gas prices over the coming five years and thereby replicate the price stability provided intrinsically by fixed-price renewable generation (or other forms of generation whose costs are not tied to the price of natural gas). Fixed-price generation (like certain forms of renewable generation) obviously need not bear this added cost, and moreover can provide price stability for terms well in excess of five years.

  18. Ultra-Efficient and Power Dense Electric Motors for U. S. Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melfi, Michael J.; Schiferl, Richard F.; Umans, Stephen D.

    2013-03-12

    The primary purpose of this project was to combine the ease-of-installation and ease-of-use attributes of industrial induction motors with the low-loss and small size and weight advantages of PM motors to create an ultra-efficient, high power density industrial motor that can be started across-the-line or operated from a standard, Volts/Hertz drive without the need for a rotor position feedback device. PM motor products that are currently available are largely variable speed motors that require a special adjustable speed drive with rotor position feedback. The reduced size and weight helps to offset the magnet cost in order make these motors commercially viable. The scope of this project covers horsepower ratings from 20 ? 500. Prototypes were built and tested at ratings ranging from 30 to 250 HP. Since fans, pumps and compressors make up a large portion of industrial motor applications, the motor characteristics are tailored to those applications. Also, since there is extensive use of adjustable frequency inverters in these applications, there is the opportunity to design for an optimal pole number and operate at other than 60 Hz frequency when inverters are utilized. Designs with four and eight pole configurations were prototyped as part of this work. Four pole motors are the most commonly used configuration in induction motors today. The results of the prototype design, fabrication, and testing were quite successful. The 50 HP rating met all of the design goals including efficiency and power density. Tested values of motor losses at 50 HP were 30% lower than energy efficient induction motors and the motor weight is 35% lower than the energy efficient induction motor of the same rating. Further, when tested at the 30 HP rating that is normally built in this 286T frame size, the efficiency far exceeds the project design goals with 30 HP efficiency levels indicating a 55% reduction in loss compared to energy efficient motors with a motor weight that is a few percentage points lower than the energy efficient motor. This 30 HP rating full load efficiency corresponds to a 46% reduction in loss compared to a 30 HP NEMA Premium? efficient motor. The cost goals were to provide a two year or shorter efficiency-based payback of a price premium associated with the magnet cost in these motors. That goal is based on 24/7 operation with a cost of electricity of 10 cents per kW-hr. Similarly, the 250 HP prototype efficiency testing was quite successful. In this case, the efficiency was maximized with a slightly less aggressive reduction in active material. The measured full load efficiency of 97.6% represents in excess of a 50% loss reduction compared to the equivalent NEMA Premium Efficiency induction motor. The active material weight reduction was a respectable 14.5% figure. This larger rating demonstrated both the scalability of this technology and also the ability to flexibly trade off power density and efficiency. In terms of starting performance, the 30 ? 50 HP prototypes were very extensively tested. The demonstrated capability included the ability to successfully start a load with an inertia of 25 times the motor?s own inertia while accelerating against a load torque following a fan profile at the motor?s full nameplate power rating. This capability will provide very wide applicability of this motor technology. The 250 HP prototype was also tested for starting characteristics, though without a coupled inertia and load torque. As a result it was not definitively proven that the same 25 times the motor?s own inertia could be started and synchronized successfully at 250 HP. Finite element modeling implies that this load could be successfully started, but it has not yet been confirmed by a test.

  19. Comparison of AEO 2005 natural gas price forecast to NYMEX futures prices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

    2004-12-13

    On December 9, the reference case projections from ''Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO 2005)'' were posted on the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) web site. As some of you may be aware, we at LBNL have in the past compared the EIA's reference case long-term natural gas price forecasts from the AEO series to contemporaneous natural gas prices that can be locked in through the forward market, with the goal of better understanding fuel price risk and the role that renewables play in mitigating such risk. As such, we were curious to see how the latest AEO gas price forecast compares to the NYMEX natural gas futures strip. This brief memo presents our findings. As a refresher, our past work in this area has found that over the past four years, forward natural gas contracts (e.g., gas futures, swaps, and physical supply) have traded at a premium relative to contemporaneous long-term reference case gas price forecasts from the EIA. As such, we have concluded that, over the past four years at least, levelized cost comparisons of fixed-price renewable generation with variable price gas-fired generation that have been based on AEO natural gas price forecasts (rather than forward prices) have yielded results that are ''biased'' in favor of gas-fired generation (presuming that long-term price stability is valued). In this memo we simply update our past analysis to include the latest long-term gas price forecast from the EIA, as contained in AEO 2005. For the sake of brevity, we do not rehash information (on methodology, potential explanations for the premiums, etc.) contained in our earlier reports on this topic; readers interested in such information are encouraged to download that work from http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/EMS/reports/53587.pdf or, more recently (and briefly), http://eetd.lbl.gov/ea/ems/reports/54751.pdf. As was the case in the past four AEO releases (AEO 2001-AE0 2004), we once again find that the AEO 2005 reference case gas price forecast falls well below where NYMEX natural gas futures contracts were trading at the time the EIA finalized its gas price forecast. In fact, the NYMEXAEO 2005 reference case comparison yields by far the largest premium--$1.11/MMBtu levelized over six years--that we have seen over the last five years. In other words, on average, one would have to pay $1.11/MMBtu more than the AEO 2005 reference case natural gas price forecast in order to lock in natural gas prices over the coming six years and thereby replicate the price stability provided intrinsically by fixed-price renewable generation. Fixed-price renewables obviously need not bear this added cost, and moreover can provide price stability for terms well in excess of six years.

  20. Inclusion of cool roofs in nonresidential Title 24 prescriptive requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levinson, Ronnen; Akbari, Hashem; Konopacki, Steve; Bretz, Sarah

    2002-12-15

    Roofs that have high solar reflectance (high ability to reflect sunlight) and high thermal emittance (high ability to radiate heat) tend to stay cool in the sun. The same is true of low-emittance roofs with exceptionally high solar reflectance. Substituting a cool roof for a noncool roof tends to decrease cooling electricity use, cooling power demand, and cooling-equipment capacity requirements, while slightly increasing heating energy consumption. Cool roofs can also lower the ambient air temperature in summer, slowing ozone formation and increasing human comfort. DOE-2.1E building energy simulations indicate that use of a cool roofing material on a prototypical California nonresidential building with a low-sloped roof yields average annual cooling energy savings of approximately 300 kWh/1000 ft2 [3.2 kWh/m2], average annual natural gas deficits of 4.9 therm/1000 ft2 [5.6 MJ/m2], average source energy savings of 2.6 MBTU/1000 ft2 [30 MJ/m2], and average peak power demand savings of 0. 19 kW/1000 ft2 [2.1 W/m2]. The 15-year net present value (NPV) of energy savings averages $450/1000 ft2 [$4.90/m2] with time dependent valuation (TDV), and $370/1000 ft2 [$4.00/m2] without TDV. When cost savings from downsizing cooling equipment are included, the average total savings (15-year NPV + equipment savings) rises to $550/1000 ft2 [$5.90/m2] with TDV, and to $470/1000 ft2 [$5.00/m2] without TDV. Total savings range from 0.18 to 0.77 $/ft2 [1.90 to 8.30 $/m2] with TDV, and from 0.16 to 0.66 $/ft2 [1.70 to 7.10 $/m2] without TDV, across California's 16 climate zones. The typical cost premium for a cool roof is 0.00 to 0.20 $/ft2 [0.00 to 2.20 $/m2]. Cool roofs with premiums up to $0.20/ft2 [$2.20/m2] are expected to be cost effective in climate zones 2 through 16; those with premiums not exceeding $0.18/ft2 [$1.90/m2] are expected to be also cost effective in climate zone 1. Hence, this study recommends that the year-2005 California building energy efficiency code (Title 24, Pa rt 6 of the California Code of Regulations) for nonresidential buildings with low-sloped roofs include a cool-roof prescriptive requirement in all California climate zones. Buildings with roofs that do not meet prescriptive requirements may comply with the code via an ''overall-envelope'' approach (non-metal roofs only), or via a performance approach (all roof types).

  1. Nuclear Energy R&D Imperative 3: Enable a Transition Away from Fossil Fuel in the Transportation and Industrial Sectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Petti; J. Stephen Herring

    2010-03-01

    As described in the Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energys Nuclear Energy R&D Roadmap, nuclear energy can play a significant role in supplying energy for a growing economy while reducing both our dependence on foreign energy supplies and emissions from the burning of fossil fuels. The industrial and transportation sectors are responsible for more than half of the greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S., and imported oil supplies 70% of the energy used in the transportation sector. It is therefore important to examine the various ways nuclear energy can facilitate a transition away from fossil fuels to secure environmentally sustainable production and use of energy in the transportation and manufacturing industry sectors. Imperative 3 of the Nuclear Energy R&D Roadmap, entitled Enable a Transition Away from Fossil Fuels by Producing Process Heat for use in the Transportation and Industrial Sectors, addresses this need. This document presents an Implementation Plan for R&D efforts related to this imperative. The expanded use of nuclear energy beyond the electrical grid will contribute significantly to overcoming the three inter-linked energy challenges facing U.S. industry: the rising and volatile prices for premium fossil fuels such as oil and natural gas, dependence on foreign sources for these fuels, and the risks of climate change resulting from carbon emissions. Nuclear energy could be used in the industrial and transportation sectors to: Generate high temperature process heat and electricity to serve industrial needs including the production of chemical feedstocks for use in manufacturing premium fuels and fertilizer products, Produce hydrogen for industrial processes and transportation fuels, and Provide clean water for human consumption by desalination and promote wastewater treatment using low-grade nuclear heat as a useful additional benefit. Opening new avenues for nuclear energy will significantly enhance our nations energy security through more effective utilization of our countrys resources while simultaneously providing economic stability and growth (through predictable energy prices and high value jobs), in an environmentally sustainable and secure manner (through lower land and water use, and decreased byproduct emissions). The reduction in imported oil will also increase the retention of wealth within the U.S. economy while still supporting economic growth. Nuclear energy is the only non-fossil fuel that has been demonstrated to reliably supply energy for a growing industrial economy.

  2. The Impact of Low Octane Hydrocarbon Blending Streams on Ethanol Engine Optimization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szybist, James P; West, Brian H

    2013-01-01

    Ethanol is a very attractive fuel from an end-use perspective because it has a high chemical octane number and a high latent heat of vaporization. When an engine is optimized to take advantage of these fuel properties, both efficiency and power can be increased through higher compression ratio, direct fuel injection, higher levels of boost, and a reduced need for enrichment to mitigate knock or protect the engine and aftertreatment system from overheating. The ASTM D5798 specification for high level ethanol blends, commonly called E85, underwent a major revision in 2011. The minimum ethanol content was revised downward from 68 vol% to 51 vol%, which combined with the use of low octane blending streams such as natural gasoline introduces the possibility of a lower octane E85 fuel. While this fuel is suitable for current ethanol tolerant flex fuel vehicles, this study experimentally examines whether engines can still be aggressively optimized for the resultant fuel from the revised ASTM D5798 specification. The performance of six ethanol fuel blends, ranging from 51-85% ethanol, is compared to a premium-grade certification gasoline (UTG-96) in a single-cylinder direct-injection (DI) engine with a compression ratio of 12.9:1 at knock-prone engine conditions. UTG-96 (RON = 96.1), light straight run gasoline (RON = 63.6), and n-heptane (RON = 0) are used as the hydrocarbon blending streams for the ethanol-containing fuels in an effort to establish a broad range of knock resistance for high ethanol fuels. Results show that nearly all ethanol-containing fuels are more resistant to engine knock than UTG-96 (the only exception being the ethanol blend with 49% n-heptane). This knock resistance allows ethanol blends made with 33 and 49% light straight run gasoline, and 33% n-heptane to be operated at significantly more advanced combustion phasing for higher efficiency, as well as at higher engine loads. While experimental results show that the octane number of the hydrocarbon blend stock does impact engine performance, there remains a significant opportunity for engine optimization when considering even the lowest octane fuels that are in compliance with the current revision of ASTM D5798 compared to premium-grade gasoline.

  3. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study - Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sikes, Karen; Hadley, Stanton W; McGill, Ralph N; Cleary, Timothy

    2010-07-01

    PHEVs have been the subject of growing interest in recent years because of their potential for reduced operating costs, oil displacement, national security, and environmental benefits. Despite the potential long-term savings to consumers and value to stakeholders, the initial cost of PHEVs presents a major market barrier to their widespread commercialization. The study Objectives are: (1) To identify and evaluate value-added propositions for PHEVs that will help overcome the initial price premium relative to comparable ICEs and HEVs and (2) to assess other non-monetary benefits and barriers associated with an emerging PHEV fleet, including environmental, societal, and grid impacts. Study results indicate that a single PHEV-30 on the road in 2030 will: (1) Consume 65% and 75% less gasoline than a comparable HEV and ICE, respectively; (2) Displace 7.25 and 4.25 barrels of imported oil each year if substituted for equivalent ICEs and HEVs, respectively, assuming 60% of the nation's oil consumed is imported; (3) Reduce net ownership cost over 10 years by 8-10% relative to a comparable ICE and be highly cost competitive with a comparable HEV; (4) Use 18-22% less total W2W energy than a comparable ICE, but 8-13% more than a comparable HEV (assuming a 70/30 split of E10 and E85 use in 2030); and (5) Emit 10% less W2W CO{sub 2} than equivalent ICEs in southern California and emits 13% more W2W CO{sub 2} than equivalent ICEs in the ECAR region. This also assumes a 70/30 split of E10 and E85 use in 2030. PHEVs and other plug-in vehicles on the road in 2030 may offer many valuable benefits to utilities, business owners, individual consumers, and society as a whole by: (1) Promoting national energy security by displacing large volumes of imported oil; (2) Supporting a secure economy through the expansion of domestic vehicle and component manufacturing; (3) Offsetting the vehicle's initial price premium with lifetime operating cost savings (e.g., lower fuel and maintenance costs); (4) Supporting the use of off-peak renewable energy through smart charging practices. However, smart grid technology is not a prerequisite for realizing the benefits of PHEVs; and (5) Potentially using its bidirectional electricity flow capability to aid in emergency situations or to help better manage a building's or entire grid's load.

  4. Formation and retention of methane in coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hucka, V.J.; Bodily, D.M.; Huang, H.

    1992-05-15

    The formation and retention of methane in coalbeds was studied for ten Utah coal samples, one Colorado coal sample and eight coal samples from the Argonne Premium Coal Sample Bank.Methane gas content of the Utah and Colorado coals varied from zero to 9 cm{sup 3}/g. The Utah coals were all high volatile bituminous coals. The Colorado coal was a gassy medium volatile bituminous coal. The Argonne coals cover a range or rank from lignite to low volatile bituminous coal and were used to determine the effect of rank in laboratory studies. The methane content of six selected Utah coal seams and the Colorado coal seam was measured in situ using a special sample collection device and a bubble desorbometer. Coal samples were collected at each measurement site for laboratory analysis. The cleat and joint system was evaluated for the coal and surrounding rocks and geological conditions were noted. Permeability measurements were performed on selected samples and all samples were analyzed for proximate and ultimate analysis, petrographic analysis, {sup 13}C NMR dipolar-dephasing spectroscopy, and density analysis. The observed methane adsorption behavior was correlated with the chemical structure and physical properties of the coals.

  5. U.S. coal outlook in Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, C.J.

    1997-02-01

    Coal exports from the US to Asia are declining over time as a result of (1) increased competition from coal suppliers within the Asia-Pacific region, (2) changing steel making technologies, (3) decreased emphasis on security of coal supplies, and (4) deregulation of the energy industry--particularly electric utilities. There are no major changes on the horizon that are likely to alter the role of the US as a modest coal supplier to the Asia-Pacific region. The downward trend in US coal exports to Asia is expected to continue over the 1997--2010 period. But economic and policy changes underway in Asia are likely to result in periodic coal shortages, lasting a few months to a year, and short term increased export opportunities for US coal. US coal exports to Asia are projected to fluctuate within the following ranges over the 2000--2010 period: 10--17 million tons in total exports, 6--12 million tons in thermal coal exports, and 4--9 million tons in coking coal exports. The most important role for US coal, from the perspective of Asian coal importing countries, is to ensure a major alternative source of coal supplies that can be turned to in the event of unforeseen disruptions in coal supplies from the Asia-Pacific region or South Africa. However, the willingness of consumers to pay a premium to ensure US export capacity is declining, with increased emphasis on obtaining the lowest cost coal supplies.

  6. Formation and retention of methane in coal. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hucka, V.J.; Bodily, D.M.; Huang, H.

    1992-05-15

    The formation and retention of methane in coalbeds was studied for ten Utah coal samples, one Colorado coal sample and eight coal samples from the Argonne Premium Coal Sample Bank.Methane gas content of the Utah and Colorado coals varied from zero to 9 cm{sup 3}/g. The Utah coals were all high volatile bituminous coals. The Colorado coal was a gassy medium volatile bituminous coal. The Argonne coals cover a range or rank from lignite to low volatile bituminous coal and were used to determine the effect of rank in laboratory studies. The methane content of six selected Utah coal seams and the Colorado coal seam was measured in situ using a special sample collection device and a bubble desorbometer. Coal samples were collected at each measurement site for laboratory analysis. The cleat and joint system was evaluated for the coal and surrounding rocks and geological conditions were noted. Permeability measurements were performed on selected samples and all samples were analyzed for proximate and ultimate analysis, petrographic analysis, {sup 13}C NMR dipolar-dephasing spectroscopy, and density analysis. The observed methane adsorption behavior was correlated with the chemical structure and physical properties of the coals.

  7. Rapid Surface Sampling and Archival Record (RSSAR) system. Final report, October 1995--May 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    This report describes the results of Phase 2 efforts to develop a Rapid Surface Sampling and Archival Record (RSSAR) System for the detection of semivolatile organic contaminants on concrete, transite, and metal surfaces. The characterization of equipment and building surfaces for the presence of contaminants as part of building decontamination and decommissioning activities is an immensely large task of concern to both government and industry. Because of the high cost of hazardous waste disposal, old, contaminated buildings cannot simply be demolished and scrapped. Contaminated and clean materials must be clearly identified and segregated so that the clean material can be recycled or reused, if possible, or disposed of more cheaply as nonhazardous waste. DOE has a number of sites requiring surface characterization. These sites are large, contain very heterogeneous patterns of contamination (requiring high sampling density), and will thus necessitate an enormous number of samples to be taken and analyzed. Characterization of building and equipment surfaces will be needed during initial investigations, during cleanup operations, and during the final confirmation process, increasing the total number of samples well beyond that needed for initial characterization. This multiplicity of information places a premium on the ability to handle and track data as efficiently as possible.

  8. Relative Economic Merits of Storage and Combustion Turbines for Meeting Peak Capacity Requirements under Increased Penetration of Solar Photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denholm, Paul; Diakov, Victor; Margolis, Robert

    2015-09-01

    Batteries with several hours of capacity provide an alternative to combustion turbines for meeting peak capacity requirements. Even when compared to state-of-the-art highly flexible combustion turbines, batteries can provide a greater operational value, which is reflected in a lower system-wide production cost. By shifting load and providing operating reserves, batteries can reduce the cost of operating the power system to a traditional electric utility. This added value means that, depending on battery life, batteries can have a higher cost than a combustion turbine of equal capacity and still produce a system with equal or lower overall life-cycle cost. For a utility considering investing in new capacity, the cost premium for batteries is highly sensitive to a variety of factors, including lifetime, natural gas costs, PV penetration, and grid generation mix. In addition, as PV penetration increases, the net electricity demand profile changes, which may reduce the amount of battery energy capacity needed to reliably meet peak demand.

  9. LNG -- Technology on the edge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alexander, C.B.

    1995-10-01

    With immense promise and many supporters, LNG as a vehicular fuel is still, a nascent industry. In about two years, an array of LNG engines should be commercially available, and infrastructure greatly expanded. These developments should reduce the present premium of LNG equipment, greatly improving industry economics. The most propitious sign for LNG-market developed lies in the natural gas industry`s recently refined strategy for natural gas vehicles. The new strategy targets the right competitor--diesel, not gasoline. It also targets the right market for an emerging fuel--high-fuel-usage fleets made up of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles, often driven long distances. But problems persist in critical areas of development. These problems are related to the materials handling of LNG and the refueling of vehicles. The paper discusses the studies on LNG handling procedures, its performance benefits to high-fuel use vehicles, economic incentives for its use, tax disadvantages that are being fought, and LNG competition with ``clean`` diesel fuels.

  10. The diseconomics of long-haul LNG trading

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stauffer, T.R.

    1995-12-31

    Long-haul liquefied natural gas (LNG) exports yield little or no economic rent. Trades, such as Borneo to Japan, are economical, but government takes otherwise are minimal. Today, the price of LNG is capped by the technical option of modifying gas turbines to bum liquid fuels. The maximum premium for LNG is less than 50 cents per thousand cubic feet (/Mcf), and buyers are resisting any price above oil parity. Costs of LNG are high and increase with distance. The netback value is zero or even negative for the longer-distance trades. The value of extracted co-products (natural gas liquids) is 50 cents to $1/Mcf. These credits are the principal source of profit, especially for foreign partners because natural gas liquids are taxed at low {open_quotes}industrial{close_quotes} rates. Returns are even less when the gas supply is nonassociated so that the project must {open_quotes}pay{close_quotes} the production costs as well. Some exporting countries profit; but the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries as a whole looses because low-revenue LNG energy displaces at the margin fully taxed oil.

  11. Moving Toward Quantifying Reliability - The Next Step in a Rapidly Maturing PV Industry: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurtz, Sarah; Sample, Tony; Wohlgemuth, John; Zhou, Wei; Bosco, Nick; Althaus, Joerg; Phillips, Nancy; Deceglie, Michael; Flueckiger, Chris; Hacke, Peter; Miller, David; Kempe, Michael; Yamamichi, Masaaki; Kondo, Michio

    2015-12-07

    Some may say that PV modules are moving toward being a simple commodity, but most major PV customers ask: 'How can I minimize chances of a module recall?' Or, 'How can I quantify the added value of a 'premium' module?' Or, 'How can I assess the value of an old PV system that I'm thinking of purchasing?' These are all questions that PVQAT (the International PV Quality Assurance Task Force) and partner organizations are working to answer. Defining standard methods for ensuring minimal acceptable quality of PV modules, differentiating modules that provide added value in the toughest of environments, and creating a process (e.g. through IECRE [1]) that can follow a PV system from design through installation and operation are tough tasks, but having standard approaches for these will increase confidence, reduce costs, and be a critical foundation of a mature PV industry. This paper summarizes current needs for new tests, some challenges for defining those tests, and some of the key efforts toward development of international standards, emphasizing that meaningful quantification of reliability (as in defining a service life prediction) must be done in the context of a specific product with design parameters defined through a quality management system.

  12. CALiPER Report 21.3: Cost-Effectiveness of Linear (T8) LED Lamps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Naomi J.; Perrin, Tess E.; Royer, Michael P.

    2014-05-27

    Meeting performance expectations is important for driving adoption of linear LED lamps, but cost-effectiveness may be an overriding factor in many cases. Linear LED lamps cost more initially than fluorescent lamps, but energy and maintenance savings may mean that the life-cycle cost is lower. This report details a series of life-cycle cost simulations that compared a two-lamp troffer using LED lamps (38 W total power draw) or fluorescent lamps (51 W total power draw) over a 10-year study period. Variables included LED system cost ($40, $80, or $120), annual operating hours (2,000 hours or 4,000 hours), LED installation time (15 minutes or 30 minutes), and melded electricity rate ($0.06/kWh, $0.12/kWh, $0.18/kWh, or $0.24/kWh). A full factorial of simulations allows users to interpolate between these values to aid in making rough estimates of economic feasibility for their own projects. In general, while their initial cost premium remains high, linear LED lamps are more likely to be cost-effective when electric utility rates are higher than average and hours of operation are long, and if their installation time is shorter.

  13. CALiPER Report 21.3. Cost Effectiveness of Linear (T8) LED Lamps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-05-01

    Meeting performance expectations is important for driving adoption of linear LED lamps, but cost-effectiveness may be an overriding factor in many cases. Linear LED lamps cost more initially than fluorescent lamps, but energy and maintenance savings may mean that the life-cycle cost is lower. This report details a series of life-cycle cost simulations that compared a two-lamp troffer using LED lamps (38 W total power draw) or fluorescent lamps (51 W total power draw) over a 10-year study period. Variables included LED system cost ($40, $80, or $120), annual operating hours (2,000 hours or 4,000 hours), LED installation time (15 minutes or 30 minutes), and melded electricity rate ($0.06/kWh, $0.12/kWh, $0.18/kWh, or $0.24/kWh). A full factorial of simulations allows users to interpolate between these values to aid in making rough estimates of economic feasibility for their own projects. In general, while their initial cost premium remains high, linear LED lamps are more likely to be cost-effective when electric utility rates are higher than average and hours of operation are long, and if their installation time is shorter.

  14. Serving the People of the Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2009-05-01

    IF YOU LIVE IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST, CHANCES ARE YOU USE ELECTRICITY THAT’S MARKETED BY THE BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION OR IS TRANSMITTED OVER BPA POWER LINES. Headquartered in Portland, Ore., BPA is a federal agency that markets wholesale electricity and transmission to the region’s utilities as well as to some large industries. BPA provides about one-third of the electricity used in the Northwest and operates over three-fourths of the region’s high-voltage transmission. BPA does not rely on annual appropriations from Congress for its financing. Instead, the agency recovers all of its costs through sales of electricity and transmission services and repays the U.S. Treasury in full with interest for any money it borrows. BPA sells wholesale power at cost rather than charging market prices. The bulk of the power BPA sells is generated at federal hydroelectric dams on the Columbia River, thus providing some of the lowest-cost electricity in the nation. This low-cost, clean power has been a cornerstone of the Northwest economy for decades, stimulating growth and new jobs. As concerns about global climate change are placing a new premium on clean energy, the federal hydro system has become an increasingly valuable resource. In addition to being low cost, electricity produced by the federal hydro system has no greenhouse gas emissions. And this power source is renewable — replenished each year by the region’s rainfall and snowmelt.

  15. Could what that ESCO sales rep said really be true? Savings realization rates in ESPC versus bid-to-spec projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coleman, Philip; Earni, Shankar; Williams, Charles

    2014-08-11

    Claims that savings realization is greater in energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs) are rampant at least among energy service company representatives and other ESPC cheerleaders. But hard supporting evidence for these claims has been virtually non-existent. The Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program uses its Compliance Tracking System (CTS) database to document the performance of federal buildings and projects towards meeting various federal energy-saving goals. This paper focuses on preliminary analysis from CTS to understand and compare the performance of federal ESPCs with projects that have been implemented with more conventional government appropriations funding. The authors have found preliminary evidence using CTS that shows markedly higher savings realization rates among ESPC projects than appropriations-funded ones. There are numerous caveats to the data comparison that clamor for further study, but the difference is still intriguing. If borne out, this finding will provide concrete support to the idea that ESPCs guarantees and measurement and verification, long touted by energy service companies (ESCOs) as offering savings assurance, may truly yield substantial benefits. If ESPCs actually do perform better (i.e., have higher realization rates and savings persistence) than conventional bid-to-spec projects, the perceived premium for conducting them may look like a very good deal after all.

  16. Iraqi crude exports may rise further

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-12-08

    Iraq will soon start exporting crude oil through a 550 mi, 500,000 bbl/day capacity pipeline from Iraq to Banias, Syria, on the Mediterranean. Iraq has already been transporting a reported 400,000 bbl/day in a 700,000 bbl/day capacity pipeline that goes to Dortyol, Turk., on the Mediterranean. Iraq's theoretical export capacity will soon reach 1.2 million bbl/day (compared with 3.2 million bbl/day before the war), assuming that the facilities are undamaged. Iran has been exporting some crude from its Kharg Island terminal, presumably by Iranian boat to the Lavan Island terminal at the southern end of the gulf, where it would be transported along with crude from offshore fields in the area. The exports apparently had been large enough to keep spot-market prices from rising much above the $40/bbl level, and in Dec. 1980, the spot-market prices eased to just under the $40 mark. Indonesia has raised the premium on its Sumatran light crude by $1/bbl, bringing the total to $35.20. Other producers have not yet raised their prices correspondingly. The agenda of the Dec. 1980 price-fixing meeting in Indonesia (assuming it takes place as planned) is discussed.

  17. Biogas from refuse via an earth-sheltered passive solar digester. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-02-01

    As originally conceived, the project involved the design, construction and operation of a test-scale refuse digestion system and alternative energy technology, as an integral component of a planned comprehensive waste management system based on the concept of recycling and resource recovery. Specific technologies employed in the digestion system included aerobic composting and anaerobic fermentation. System inputs included non-recycleable organic refuse (paper, food wastes, etc.) and septage (septic tank sludge), both of which represent disposal problems for many North American communities, and heat. Anticipated system outputs were biogas (50 to 60% methane), a premium fuel, and compostable sludge, a potential soil amendment-fertilizer. Projected net energy output was enhanced by incorporating biological feedstock preheating, earth sheltering, passive solar heating, and sludge heat recovery into the project design. The purpose of the project was to demonstrate the economic and environmental viability of this system versus competing waste-to-energy technologies. Due primarily to institutional barriers and related factors, the project did not progress to the point of enabling the stated purpose to be demonstrated.

  18. Vulnerability and adaptation to severe weather events in the American southwest

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Boero, Riccardo; Bianchini, Laura; Pasqualini, Donatella

    2015-05-04

    Climate change can induce changes in the frequency of severe weather events representing a threat to socio-economic development. It is thus of uttermost importance to understand how the vulnerability to the weather of local communities is determined and how adaptation public policies can be effectively put in place. We focused our empirical analysis on the American Southwest. Results show that, consistently with the predictions of an investment model, economic characteristics signaling local economic growth in the near future decrease the level of vulnerability. We also show that federal governments transfers and grants neither work to support recovery from and adaptationmore » to weather events nor to distribute their costs over a broader tax base. Finally, we show that communities relying on municipal bonds to finance adaptation and recovery policies can benefit from local acknowledgment of the need for such policies and that they do not have to pay lenders a premium for the risk induced by weather events. In conclusion, our findings suggest that determinants of economic growth support lower vulnerability to the weather and increase options for financing adaptation and recovery policies, but also that only some communities are likely to benefit from those processes.« less

  19. Insuring Solar Photovoltaics: Challenges and Possible Solutions; (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Speer, B.; Mendelsohn, M.; Cory, K.

    2010-02-01

    Insuring solar photovoltaic (PV) systems poses certain challenges. Insurance premiums, which can represent a significant part of overall costs for PV developers, can affect market competition. The market for certain types of insurance products is limited. Historical loss data is lacking, and test data for the long-term viability of PV products under real-life conditions is limited. Insurers' knowledge about PV systems and the PV industry is uneven even as the industry introduces innovative contractual structures and business models. Interviews conducted for this report with PV project developers, insurance brokers, and underwriters suggest government actions aimed at better testing, data collection, and communication could facilitate the development of a market for PV insurance products. This report identifies actions by governments, national laboratories, and other stakeholders that could accelerate the development of insurance products in support PV systems. Such actions include: increasing understanding of the solar PV industry among insurance professionals; expanding the availability of PV historical loss data; evaluating the expansion of renewable energy business classification; developing module and component testing capabilities and services offered by federal labs; and, advancing industry standards for PV system installers.

  20. Quantifying the value that wind power provides as a hedge against volatile natural gas prices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Golove, William

    2002-05-31

    Advocates of renewable energy have long argued that wind power and other renewable technologies can mitigate fuel price risk within a resource portfolio. Such arguments--made with renewed vigor in the wake of unprecedented natural gas price volatility during the winter of 2000/2001--have mostly been qualitative in nature, however, with few attempts to actually quantify the price stability benefit that wind and other renewables provide. This paper attempts to quantify this benefit by equating it with the cost of achieving price stability through other means, particularly gas-based financial derivatives (futures and swaps). We find that over the past two years, natural gas consumers have had to pay a premium of roughly 0.50 cents/kWh over expected spot prices to lock in natural gas prices for the next 10 years. This incremental cost is potentially large enough to tip the scales away from new investments in natural gasfired generation and in favor of investments in wind power and other renewable technologies.