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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

What was the highest U.S. average retail price of regular ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What was the highest U.S. average retail price of regular gasoline? According to EIA’s weekly survey, the U.S. average retail price of regular ...

2

Figure 10. U.S. Average Retail Regular Motor Gasoline and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Average Retail Regular Motor Gasoline and On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices, January 2013 to Present ... Including Taxes) Title: Weekly Petroleum ...

3

Retail prices: diesel outpaces gasoline - Today in Energy - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Since mid-2009 the price of retail diesel has been consistently higher than the price of retail regular grade gasoline. Strong diesel demand in emerging economies and ...

4

Price of Motor Gasoline Through Retail Outlets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data Series: Retail Price - Motor Gasoline Retail Price - Regular Gasoline Retail Price - Midgrade Gasoline Retail Price - Premium Gasoline Retail Price - Aviation Gasoline Retail Price - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Price - Propane Retail Price - Kerosene Retail Price - No. 1 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Fuel Oil Retail Price - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Retail Price - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Motor Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Regular Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Midgrade Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Premium Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Aviation Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - Propane (Consumer Grade) Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene Prime Supplier Sales - No. 1 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks - Reformulated Gasoline Stocks - Conventional Gasoline Stocks - Motor Gasoline Blending Components Stocks - Kerosene Stocks - Distillate Fuel Oil Stocks - Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Propane/Propylene Period: Monthly Annual

5

Retail Price of Propane (Consumer Grade) - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Retail prices and Prime ...

6

Refiner Prices of Gasoline, All Grades - Sales to End Users  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product/ Sales Type: Gasoline, All Grades - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Through Retail Outlets Gasoline, All Grades - Other End Users Gasoline, All Grades - Sales for Resale Gasoline, All Grades - DTW (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Rack (U.S. only) Gasoline, All Grades - Bulk (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Through Retail Outlets Regular Gasoline - Other End Users Regular Gasoline - Sales for Resale Regular Gasoline - DTW (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Rack (U.S. only) Regular Gasoline - Bulk (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Through Retail Outlets Midgrade Gasoline - Other End Users Midgrade Gasoline - Sales for Resale Midgrade Gasoline - DTW (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Rack (U.S. only) Midgrade Gasoline - Bulk (U.S. only) Premium - Sales to End Users (U.S. only) Premium Gasoline - Through Retail Outlets Premium Gasoline - Other End Users Premium Gasoline - Sales for Resale Premium Gasoline - DTW (U.S. only) Premium Gasoline - Rack (U.S. only) Premium Gasoline - Bulk (U.S. only) Period: Monthly Annual

7

Retail Prices for Regular Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

194 3.219 3.293 3.272 3.269 3.239 1990-2013 194 3.219 3.293 3.272 3.269 3.239 1990-2013 East Coast (PADD1) 3.243 3.282 3.386 3.389 3.382 3.373 1992-2013 New England (PADD 1A) 3.393 3.396 3.453 3.475 3.494 3.508 1993-2013 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 3.295 3.341 3.423 3.441 3.447 3.457 1993-2013 Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) 3.159 3.203 3.338 3.325 3.300 3.270 1993-2013 Midwest (PADD 2) 3.074 3.126 3.191 3.121 3.132 3.079 1992-2013 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 2.978 3.004 3.140 3.124 3.104 3.047 1992-2013 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 3.227 3.183 3.145 3.113 3.077 3.055 1992-2013 West Coast (PADD 5) 3.507 3.467 3.457 3.475 3.477 3.472 1992-2013 West Coast less California 3.342 3.306 3.302 3.300 3.298 3.295 1998-2013 States California 3.603 3.560 3.547 3.576 3.580 3.574 2000-2013

8

Washington Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail Outlets: ...

9

North Carolina Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Area: ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail ...

10

Retail Unbundling  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This special report provides a brief summary of the status of retail unbundling programs (also known as "customer choice" programs) for residential natural gas customers in various States,

Information Center

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: While EIA cannot claim to explain all of the factors that drive retail gasoline prices, we have had a fair amount of success in exploring the relationship between wholesale and retail prices. In particular, we have looked closely at the "pass-through" of changes in spot prices to the retail market. This graph shows a weighted national average of spot prices for regular gasoline -both conventional and reformulated (shown in red), and EIA's weekly survey price for retail regular (again both conventional and reformulated). As you can see, spot prices tend to be more volatile (and would be even more so on a daily basis), while these changes are smoother by the time they reach the retail pump. Furthermore, by looking at the peaks, you can see the retail prices seem to lag the spot price changes

12

Retail Prices for Regular Gasoline - Conventional Areas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

208 3.165 3.198 3.264 3.261 3.267 1990-2014 208 3.165 3.198 3.264 3.261 3.267 1990-2014 East Coast (PADD1) 3.359 3.339 3.343 3.372 3.410 3.386 1992-2014 New England (PADD 1A) 3.501 3.501 3.511 3.555 3.552 3.535 1993-2014 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 3.509 3.514 3.523 3.570 3.618 3.594 1993-2014 Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) 3.303 3.274 3.276 3.298 3.335 3.311 1993-2014 Midwest (PADD 2) 3.124 3.058 3.140 3.251 3.203 3.239 1992-2014 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 3.102 3.053 3.051 3.109 3.115 3.106 1992-2014 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 3.077 3.055 3.055 3.100 3.120 3.148 1992-2014 West Coast (PADD 5) 3.343 3.335 3.333 3.351 3.371 3.367 1992-2014 West Coast less California 3.343 3.335 3.333 3.351 3.371 3.367 2000-2014 States Colorado 3.050 3.015 3.035 3.126 3.166 3.188 2000-2014

13

Retail Prices for Regular Gasoline - Reformulated Areas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cities : Boston: 2.710: 3.172: 2.306: 2.744: 3.526: 3.636: 2003-2012: Chicago: 2.941: 3.407: 2.463: 2.936 : 2000-2010: Houston: 2.606: 3.081: 2.167: 2.588 : 2000-2010 ...

14

Retail Prices for Regular Gasoline - Reformulated Areas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3.683 3.612 3.574 3.571 2000-2013 Texas 3.265 3.190 3.142 3.094 3.063 3.111 2000-2013 Cities Boston 3.630 3.589 3.546 3.499 3.443 3.397 2003-2013 Chicago 3.710 3.654 3.565 3.491...

15

Retail Unbundling - Utah  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Utah Retail Unbundling - Utah Status: The State has no unbundled service programs for residential customers. Overview: No retail unbundling program is being considered at this time...

16

Retail Electricity Competition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliability and Competitive Electricity Markets” mimeo, MITCSEM WP 130 Retail Electricity Competition * Paul Joskow andwww.ucei.org Retail Electricity Competition ? Paul Joskow †

Joskow, Paul; Tirole, Jean

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Massachusetts Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Area: ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail Outlets: ...

18

Regional Retail Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Retail gasoline prices, like those for distillate fuels, have hit record prices nationally and in several regions this year. The national average regular gasoline price peaked at $1.68 per gallon in mid-June, but quickly declined, and now stands at $1.45, 17 cents higher than a year ago. Two regions, in particular, experienced sharp gasoline price runups this year. California, which often has some of the highest prices in the nation, saw prices peak near $1.85 in mid-September, while the Midwest had average prices over $1.87 in mid-June. Local prices at some stations in both areas hit levels well over $2.00 per gallon. The reasons for the regional price runups differed significantly. In the Midwest, the introduction of Phase 2 RFG was hampered by low stocks,

19

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Gasoline pump prices have backed down from the high prices experienced last summer and fall. The retail price for regular motor gasoline fell 11 cents per gallon from September to December. However, with crude oil prices rebounding somewhat from their December lows combined with lower than normal stock levels, we project that prices at the pump will rise modestly as the 2001 driving season begins this spring. For the summer of 2001, we expect only a little difference from the average price of $1.50 per gallon seen during the previous driving season, as motor gasoline stocks going into the driving season are projected to be slightly less than they were last year. The situation of relatively low inventories for gasoline could set the stage for some regional imbalances in supply that could once again

20

Retail Unbundling - Maryland  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Maryland. Status: The state has partially implemented comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Retail Unbundling - Pennsylvania  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Regulatory and Legislative Actions on Retail Unbundling Summary: The Pennsylvania General Assembly passed the Natural Gas Choice and Competition Act ...

22

Retail Unbundling - California  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Regulatory and Legislative Actions on Retail Unbundling Summary: The California Public Utilities Commission (PUC) endorsed restructuring in a collaborative ...

23

Retail Unbundling - New York  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - New York. Status: The state has comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers. Overview: Natural gas ...

24

Retail Unbundling - Montana  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Montana. Status: The state has two pilot unbundling programs for residential gas customers. Overview: Two local distribution companies (LDCs) in ...

25

Retail Unbundling - Texas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs > Texas Retail Unbundling - Texas Status: The State has no active residential customer choice programs, but some...

26

Retail Unbundling - Idaho  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs > Idaho Retail Unbundling - Idaho Status: The State has no unbundled service programs for residential customers....

27

Retail Unbundling - New Mexico  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - New Mexico. Status: All residential customers in the state are allowed to choose natural gas suppliers, but no one is participating.

28

Retail Unbundling - Texas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Texas. Status: The state has no active residential customer choice programs, but some municipalities have formed cooperative arrangements with ...

29

Retail Unbundling - South Dakota  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs > South Dakota Retail Unbundling - South Dakota Status: Some residential customers in the State have access to...

30

Chapter 5. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

106 U.S. Energy Information Administration/Electric Power Monthly June 2012 Chapter 5. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price of Electricity

31

What do I pay for in a gallon of regular gasoline? - FAQ - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What do I pay for in a gallon of regular gasoline? The national average retail price of a gallon of regular gasoline in October 2013 was $3.34.

32

Retail electricity competition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze a number of unstudied aspects of retail electricity competition. We first explore the implications of load profiling of consumers whose traditional meters do not allow for measurement of their real time consumption, ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Retail Unbundling - Ohio - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Ohio. Status: The state has partially implemented comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential customers. Overview: Retail unbundling by ...

34

Table 14. U.S. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

and EIA-782B, "Resellers'Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report." 14. U.S. Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type 28 Energy Information Administration ...

35

Retail: Looking for Energy Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

index for all retail building types. > Set Energy Performance Goals. SPPs use the ENERGY STAR Commercial Building Design Guidance to help you set meaningful goals and...

36

ENERGY STAR Score for Retail Stores  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

100 percentile ranking of performance, relative to the national population. Property Types. The ENERGY STAR score for retail stores applies to retail stores and wholesale...

37

Market Structure Across Retail Formats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study how market structure within a product category varies across retail formats. Building on the literature on internal market structure, we estimate a joint store and brand choice model where the loading matrix of brand attributes are allowed to ... Keywords: brand maps, heterogeniety, market structure, retail formats

Karsten Hansen; Vishal Singh

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

E_n-regularity implies E_(n-1)-regularity.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vorst and latter Dayton-Weibel proved that K_n-regularity implies K_(n-1)-regularity. In this note we generalize this result from (commutative) rings to differential graded categories and from algebraic K-theory to any functor which is Morita invariant, continuous, and localizing. As an application, we show that the above implication also holds for schemes. Along the way, we extend Bass' fundamental theorem to this broader setting and prove a Nisnevich descent result which is of independent interest

Goncalo Tabuada

39

Chicago Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

77 3.721 3.632 3.557 3.568 3.561 2000-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.777 3.721 3.632 3.557 3.568 3.561 2000-2013 Regular 3.710 3.654 3.565 3.491 3.501 3.495 2000-2013...

40

Washington Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

795 3.788 3.716 3.663 3.591 3.538 2003-2013 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.795 3.788 3.716 3.663 3.591 3.538 2003-2013 Regular 3.747 3.739 3.666 3.612 3.539 3.486 2003-2013...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Boston Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

03 3.662 3.615 3.575 3.523 3.481 2003-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.703 3.662 3.615 3.575 3.523 3.481 2003-2013 Regular 3.630 3.589 3.546 3.499 3.443 3.397 2003-2013...

42

San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

098 4.079 4.015 3.971 3.936 3.901 2000-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 4.098 4.079 4.015 3.971 3.936 3.901 2000-2013 Regular 4.054 4.033 3.969 3.924 3.889 3.856 2000-2013...

43

Denver Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

588 3.565 3.509 3.456 3.417 3.380 2000-2013 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.588 3.565 3.509 3.456 3.417 3.380 2000-2013 Regular 3.530 3.508 3.451 3.397 3.359 3.321 2000-2013...

44

Minnesota Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

565 3.431 3.369 3.328 3.349 3.345 2000-2013 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.565 3.431 3.369 3.328 3.349 3.345 2000-2013 Regular 3.514 3.379 3.316 3.269 3.287 3.282 2000-2013...

45

Seattle Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

98 3.801 3.741 3.712 3.652 3.588 2003-2013 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.798 3.801 3.741 3.712 3.652 3.588 2003-2013 Regular 3.751 3.755 3.694 3.661 3.606 3.543 2003-2013...

46

Houston Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

371 3.294 3.242 3.175 3.156 3.159 2000-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.371 3.294 3.242 3.175 3.156 3.159 2000-2013 Regular 3.276 3.198 3.146 3.082 3.063 3.064 2000-2013...

47

Cleveland Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

480 3.554 3.409 3.297 3.371 3.416 2003-2013 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.480 3.554 3.409 3.297 3.371 3.416 2003-2013 Regular 3.427 3.498 3.348 3.236 3.310 3.361 2003-2013...

48

Colorado Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

98 3.573 3.524 3.471 3.432 3.396 2000-2013 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.598 3.573 3.524 3.471 3.432 3.396 2000-2013 Regular 3.543 3.518 3.469 3.414 3.376 3.339 2000-2013...

49

Miami Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

55 3.691 3.653 3.591 3.593 3.586 2003-2013 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.755 3.691 3.653 3.591 3.593 3.586 2003-2013 Regular 3.639 3.561 3.525 3.464 3.466 3.458 2003-2013...

50

Price adjustment at multiproduct retailers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We empirically study the price adjustment process at multiproduct retail stores. We use a unique store level data set for five large supermarket and one drugstore chains in the U.S., to document the exact process required to change prices. Our data set allows us to study this process in great detail, describing the exact procedure, stages, and steps undertaken during the price change process. We also discuss various aspects of the microeconomic environment in which the price adjustment decisions are made, factors affecting the price adjustment decisions, and firm-level implications of price adjustment decisions. Specifically, we examine the effects of the complexity of the price change process on the stores ’ pricing strategy. We also study how the steps involved in the price change process, combined with the laws governing the retail price setting and adjustment, along with the competitive market structure of the retail grocery industry, influence the frequency of price changes. We also examine how the mistakes that occur in the price change process influence the actions taken by these multiproduct retailers. In particular, we study how these mistakes can make the stores vulnerable to civil law suits and penalties, and also damage their reputation. We also show how the mistakes can lead to stockouts or unwanted inventory accumulations. Finally, we discuss how retail stores try to minimize these

Daniel Levy; Mark Bergen; Robert Venable; Robert W. Baird

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Texas Retail Energy, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Texas Retail Energy, LLC Place Arkansas Utility Id 50046 Utility Location Yes Ownership R ISO Ercot Yes ISO NY Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

52

SPP sales flyer for retail | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for retail Need a hand preparing for an upcoming sales call? This fact sheet provides energy use facts for the retail sector, tips on how to talk to this audience, opportunities...

53

Measuring Devices: Compressed Natural Gas Retail Motor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compressed Natural Gas Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers. ... Hydrogen Measuring Devices; Liquefied Petroleum Gas Liquid-Measuring Devices; ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

54

Retail Unbundling - Virginia - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Virginia. Status: The state has begun the process of implementing comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers.

55

Retail Unbundling - Michigan - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling- Michigan. Status: The state has begun the process of implementing comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers.

56

Retail Unbundling - Colorado - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Colorado. Status: The state has begun the process of implementing comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers.

57

Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers and Consoles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers and Consoles. Purpose: This 5-day RMFD course provides participants with the knowledge ...

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

58

Retail Unbundling - New Mexico - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - New Mexico. Status: The state has a comprehensive unbundling program available for residential customers. Overview: New Mexico has ...

59

Retail Unbundling - New York - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - New York. Status: The state has comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers. Overview: Natural gas ...

60

Retail battle for conservation dollars  

SciTech Connect

Large companies are entering the profitable retail market with conservation equipment and services that will compete for a share of the $10 to $80 billion Americans will spend on energy efficiency this year. Energy centers and clinics are also opening around the country to market products and compete with the utilities for energy audit business. The new retailing efforts are counting on homeowners' willingness to spend money to lower their energy bills. The smaller companies hope to hold their own against competition from large corporations. (DCK)

McCaughey, J.

1981-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Strategic Assortment Reduction by a Dominant Retailer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In certain product categories, large discount retailers are known to offer shallower assortments than traditional retailers. In this paper, we investigate the competitive incentives for such assortment decisions and the implications for manufacturers' ... Keywords: assortment, channel power, channels of distribution, retailing

Anthony J. Dukes; Tansev Geylani; Kannan Srinivasan

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES 2005 TO 2018 report, Staff Forecast: Retail Electricity Prices, 2005 to 2018, was prepared with contributions from the technical assistance provided by Greg Broeking of R.W. Beck, Inc. in preparing retail price forecasts

63

Facility automation for retail facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article will focus on retail chain stores with areas of 22,000 to 75,000 sq ft, but much of the article will apply to all retail stores independent of size. Typically, a store is serviced by 5 to 15 rooftop HVAC units with a total cooling capacity of 50 to 150 tons, depending on the floor area and geographic location. The interior lighting represents a load of 80 to 300 KW with three lighting levels--retail, stocking, and security or night. Most stores are located in strip centers, and therefore, the parking lot lighting is provided by the landlord, but each store does control and service its own sign lighting. Generally, the total load controlled by an FAS represents 130 to 450 KW with corresponding annual energy costs ranging from $65,000 to $200,000 (natural gas and electricity), depending on the size of the store and the local unit costs of energy. Historical utility data, electrical and mechanical drawings, site surveys, significant analyses of data, and most importantly, discussions with corporate facilities management personnel and store operations personnel provide the source for the development theory and sequence of operation of the design of the facility automation systems for retail stores. The three main goals of an FAS are: reduce utility operating costs, maintain comfort levels during occupied hours, reduce HVAC maintenance costs.

Ameduri, G. (Roth Bros., Inc., Youngstown, OH (United States). Facilities Automation Division)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity generators who report meter data to a system operator to also report generation, fuel type requires retail providers of electricity to disclose fuel source information to consumers about, and fuel type consumed (as a percentage of generation) data to the system operator on a quarterly basis

65

Retail Price Drivers and their Financial Consequences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

making the data available. Retail Price Drivers and their Financial Consequences What are the drivers of retailers ' prices and what, if any, are their financial consequences? The results of a large-scale quantitative analysis show that retail prices are mainly driven by pricing history (50%), acquisition costs (25%), and demand feedback (12.5%). In contrast to pricing history, demand-based pricing is associated with higher retailer (and manufacturer) financial performance. The remaining price drivers: category management, store traffic, and store brand performance, affect manufacturer and retailer performance in more complex ways.

Shuba Srinivasan; Koen Pauwels; Vincent Nijs; Mike Hanssens; Carl Mela; Scott Neslin For Comments; Suggestions The Paper

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Category:StandAloneRetail | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

StandAloneRetail StandAloneRetail Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Building Type Media in category "StandAloneRetail" The following 77 files are in this category, out of 77 total. SVStandAloneRetail Atlantic City NJ Public Service Elec & Gas Co.png SVStandAloneRetail Atl... 63 KB SVStandAloneRetail Bismarck ND Montana-Dakota Utilities Co (North Dakota).png SVStandAloneRetail Bis... 70 KB SVStandAloneRetail Burlington VT Central Vermont Pub Serv Corp.png SVStandAloneRetail Bur... 68 KB SVStandAloneRetail Cedar City UT Moon Lake Electric Assn Inc (Utah).png SVStandAloneRetail Ced... 57 KB SVStandAloneRetail Charleston SC South Carolina Electric&Gas Co.png SVStandAloneRetail Cha... 67 KB SVStandAloneRetail Cheyenne WY Powder River Energy Corporation.png

67

Retail Market Based Pricing: Retail Market Based Pricing - Three Cases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Customers are not provided with incentives for efficient conservation and substitution of electricity away from peak periods if they do not face prices that reflect the real-time cost of purchasing wholesale electricity that is experienced by their retail energy provider. Recent events in California's restructured electricity market underscore the importance of developing products and structures that enable demand response to changes in prices in these markets. This report assembles three studies of cust...

2001-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

68

Refiner Prices of Gasoline, All Grades - Through Retail Outlets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 2.349 2.778 1.892 2.306 3.058 3.168 1978-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.303 2.788 1.871 2.291 3.054 3.172 1983-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2.333 2.805 1.934 2.346 3.109 W 1983-2012 Connecticut W W W 2.340 W W 1983-2012 Maine W W W W W W 1983-2012 Massachusetts 2.335 2.809 1.935 2.350 3.120 W 1983-2012 New Hampshire 2.342 2.845 1.948 2.373 3.060 W 1983-2012 Rhode Island 2.297 2.703 1.890 2.292 W W 1983-2012 Vermont - - - - - - 1983-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.320 2.820 1.906 2.328 3.094 3.204 1983-2012 Delaware 2.282 2.730 W W W W 1983-2012 District of Columbia - - - - - - 1983-2012 Maryland - - - - - - 1983-2012 New Jersey 2.348 2.852 W 2.368 3.159 W 1983-2012

69

Retail Prices for Gasoline All Grades - Conventional Areas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cities : Cleveland: 3.682: 3.579: 3.480: 3.554: 3.409: 3.297: 2003-2013: Denver: 3.593: 3.601: 3.588: 3.565: 3.509: 3.456: 2000-2013: Miami: 3.811: 3.790: 3.755: 3 ...

70

Retail Prices for Gasoline All Grades - Conventional Areas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cities : Cleveland: 2.805: 3.217: 2.372: 2.793: 3.530: 3.632: 2003-2012: Denver: 2.815: 3.203: 2.282: 2.699 : 2000-2010: Miami: 2.927: 3.447: 2.521: 2.930: 3.696: 3 ...

71

Retail Prices for Gasoline All Grades - Conventional Areas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cities : Cleveland: 3.777: 3.806: 3.531: 3.567: 3.541: 3.340: 2003-2013: Denver : 2000-2001: Miami: 3.709: 3.751: 3.785: 3.789: 3.740: 3.574: 2003-2013: Seattle: 3 ...

72

Retail Prices for Gasoline All Grades - Reformulated Areas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cities : Boston: 2.765: 3.228: 2.361: 2.799: 3.589: 3.710: 2003-2012: Chicago: 2.981: 3.448: 2.503: 2.978 : 2000-2010: Houston: 2.658: 3.142: 2.231: 2.654 : 2000-2010 ...

73

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Retail diesel price data are available sooner than residential heating oil data. This graph shows that diesel prices turned the corner sometime after February 7 and are heading down. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. Prices jumped dramatically (by over 11 cents per gallon) in the third week of January, and rose 2 or more cents a week through February 7. The increases were much more rapid in the Northeast. From January 17 through February 7, diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent. Prices in the Mid-Atlantic region rose about 58

74

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Retail and Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements

75

2008 Summer Transportation Fuels Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 ... Retail Price Regular-Grade Gasoline Motor Gas Consumption ... * Retail price minus crude oil cost ...

76

Retail Unbundling - Illinois - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Illinois. Status: Some residential customers in the state have access to pilot unbundling programs. Overview: Residential gas customers in 16 ...

77

Retail Unbundling - U.S. Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - U.S. Summary. Overview: Enrollment in existing "customer choice" programs generally increased in 2002 as the number of eligible customers grew ...

78

Retail Unbundling - Florida - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Florida. Status: The state has approved two pilot unbundling programs for residential customers. Overview: Two natural gas utilities (Chesapeake ...

79

Retail Unbundling - Ohio - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

House Bill 9. Governor signed amended substituted HB 9, which requires retail gas suppliers to be certified by PUCO; authorizes governmental aggregation for ...

80

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

With the worst of the heating season (October-March) now behind us, we can be fairly confident that retail heating oil prices have seen their seasonal ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

2012 Brief: Retail gasoline prices vary significantly ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. ... Retail gasoline prices are published by region, for 9 selected states, 10 selected cities, ...

82

Communicating Sustainability through Design within Retail Environments.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis uses a systematic understanding of sustainability informed by human needs, learning and design theory to explore ways in which small retail environments can… (more)

Hendry, Daniel; Silcox, Lawrence

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Retail Unbundling - Ohio - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy) Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs > Ohio : Retail ... (DEO) Proposed Tariff.

84

Retail Unbundling - Ohio - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy) ... Companies File Tariff Revisions to Correspond to New Rules for Competitive Retail Gas Service.

85

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

23 ii Retail Demand Response in SPP List of Figures and10 Figure 3. Demand Response Resources by11 Figure 4. Existing Demand Response Resources by Type of

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Retail Unbundling - Virginia - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Residential Programs by State. ... re-establishing retail rate regulation for most electricity customers in Virginia on January 1, 2009.

87

Retail Unbundling - Minnesota - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Minnesota. Status: The state has no unbundled services for residential customers but is considering action. Overview: The Minnesota Public ...

88

Measuring Devices: Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers - Single, Dual, and Multi-Product and Blended Product. Intro about it. EPOs, Field Manual, Training ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

89

Retail Unbundling - Pennsylvania - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Pennsylvania. Status: The state has begun to implement comprehensive unbundling for its residential gas customers. Overview: Competition for gas ...

90

Retail Unbundling - Michigan - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Michigan: Regulatory and Legislative Actions on Retail Unbundling: Summary: Legislation was introduced in the Michigan House of Representatives during the 1999-2000 ...

91

Dominion Retail Inc (Ohio) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RetailInc(Ohio)&oldid412531" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases Utility Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version...

92

Promotional forecasting in the grocery retail business  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predicting customer demand in the highly competitive grocery retail business has become extremely difficult, especially for promotional items. The difficulty in promotional forecasting has resulted from numerous internal ...

Koottatep, Pakawkul

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

The Current and Historical Monthly Retail Sales, Revenues and...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(MWh)","Other Sales (MWh)","All Sector Sales (MWh)","Average Retail Price Residential (ckWh)","Average Retail Price Commercial (ckWh)","Average Retail Price Industrial (c...

94

An assessment of the value of retail ready packaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use of retail-ready packaging reduces the costs of replenishing store shelves by eliminating the labor of removing packaging materials and stocking individual items on shelves. While reducing costs for retailers, retail-ready ...

Jackson, Kathleen Anne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Regular Object Types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regular expression types have been proposed as a foundation for statically typed processing of XML and similar forms of tree-structured data. To date, however, regular expression types have been explored in special-purpose languages (e.g., XDuce, CDuce, and XQuery) with type systems designed around regular expression types "from the ground up." The goal of the Xtatic language is to bring regular expression types to a broad audience by offering them as a lightweight extension of a popular object-oriented language, C#. We develop...

Vladimir Gapeyev; Benjamin C. Pierce

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

The relationship between retail type and transportation emissions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study investigates the relationship between three types of retail, Big Box, traditional and online retail, and their transportation related emissions. The study takes a… (more)

Vigder, Samantha

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Texas Retail Energy, LLC (New York) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Texas Retail Energy, LLC (New York) Jump to: navigation, search Name Texas Retail Energy,...

98

Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment Title Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment Publication Type Report Year of Publication...

99

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Connecticut) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Connecticut) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Connecticut Utility Id 22509 References EIA...

100

Edgeworth Price Cycles: Evidence from the Toronto Retail Gasoline Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetrically to Crude Oil Price Changes? ” QuarterlyGas Wars: Retail Gasoline Price Fluctua- tions”, Review of7] Eckert, A. “Retail Price Cycles and Response Asymmetry”,

Noel, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements

102

Indirect evaporative cooling in retail  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

JCPenney Co., Inc., recently opened a 126,000-sq ft, two-level retail store in Albuquerque, NM. The project construction was accomplished using a design-build format. This process allows preliminary construction processes to begin while the design is finalized. Law/Kingdom, Inc. was assigned the architectural and engineering services for this building. During the process of design, the team decided to study the addition of evaporative cooling into the air system. This article reviews system design, selection, and performance using an indirect evaporative system in the HVAC system. It also demonstrates the company`s design approach on the original equipment selection for a typical anchor store.

Bartlett, T.A. [JCPenney Co., Plano, TX (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Daylight and Retail Sales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

year with an optimized daylighting system. #12;RETAIL AND DAYLIGHTING INTRODUCTION 1 1. INTRODUCTIONCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Daylight and Retail Sales TECHNICALREPORT October 2003 500-03-082-A-5 in this report. #12;#12;ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report is a part of the Integrated Energy Systems - Productivity

104

Optimizing Inventory Replenishment of Retail Fashion Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of determining (for a short lifecycle) retail product initial and replenishment order quantities that minimize the cost of lost sales, back orders, and obsolete inventory. We model this problem as a two-stage stochastic dynamic ... Keywords: Heuristics, Inventory replenishment, Retailing, Stochastic dynamic programming

Marshall Fisher; Kumar Rajaram; Ananth Raman

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

January 23, 2006 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The kilowatt-hours purchased or generated, by generating facility and fuel type during the previous calendar regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers of electricity including, but not limited to investor-owned utilities, publicly owned electric utilities, electric service providers, irrigation districts

106

January 29, 2007 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The kilowatt-hours purchased or generated, by generating facility and fuel type during the previous calendar regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers of electricity including, but not limited to investor-owned utilities, publicly owned electric utilities, electric service providers, irrigation districts

107

February 14, 2005 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The kilowatt-hours purchased or generated, by generating facility and fuel type during the previous calendar regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers of electricity including, but not limited to investor-owned utilities, publicly owned electric utilities, electric service providers, irrigation districts

108

January 30, 2004 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The kilowatt-hours purchased or generated, by generating facility and fuel type during the previous calendar regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers of electricity including, but not limited to investor-owned utilities, publicly owned electric utilities, electric service providers, irrigation districts

109

Incentives for Retailer Forecasting: Rebates vs. Returns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies a manufacturer that sells to a newsvendor retailer who can improve the quality of her demand information by exerting costly forecasting effort. In such a setting, contracts play two roles: providing incentives to influence the retailer's ... Keywords: endogenous adverse selection, forecasting, rebates, returns, supply chain contracting

Terry A. Taylor; Wenqiang Xiao

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Dominion Retail Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominion Retail Inc Dominion Retail Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Dominion Retail Inc Place Virginia Utility Id 3763 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC Location RFC Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Dominion_Retail_Inc&oldid=41059

111

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Diesel fuel is bascially the same product as home heating oil. The primary difference is that diesel has a lower sulfur content. When heating oil is in short supply, low sulfur diesel fuel can be diverted to heating oil supply. Thus, diesel fuel prices rise with heating heating oil prices. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. But prices in the Northeast jumped dramatically in the third week of January. Diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent, between January 17 and February 7. While EIA does not have

112

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Ethanol Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section...

113

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Blend Retailer Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit The Ethanol Promotion Tax Credit is available to any fuel retailer for up

114

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

E15 Retailer Tax E15 Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E15 Retailer Tax Credit Retail stations dispensing gasoline fuel blends of 15% ethanol (E15) for use in motor vehicles may be eligible for a tax credit in the amount of

115

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

E85 Retailer Tax E85 Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E85 Retailer Tax Credit Retail stations dispensing E85 for use in motor vehicles may be eligible for a tax credit in the amount of $0.16 per gallon for calendar years

116

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Retailer Fuel Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit Retailers that sell fuel blends of gasoline containing up to 15% ethanol by

117

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Retail Sales Retail Sales Reporting to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E85 Retail Sales Reporting A retailer who dispenses E85 must report to the Indiana Department of State Revenue the total number of gallons of E85 sold from a metered pump.

118

Massachusetts Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

119

San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

120

Cleveland Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Chicago Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

122

Washington Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

123

Colorado Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

124

New York Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

125

Minnesota Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

126

Houston Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

127

Florida Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

128

Seattle Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

129

Los Angeles Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

130

Denver Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

131

Washington Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

3.930: 3.875: 3.809: 2003-2013-= No Data Reported; ... EIA did not collect weekly retail motor gasoline data between December 10, 1990 and January 14, 1991.

132

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economiccustomer retail electricity rates currently offered in thethe design of retail electricity rates, particularly for

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economiccustomer retail electricity rates currently offered in thethe design of retail electricity rates, particularly for

Mills, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Consumer behaviour at multi-channel retailers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consumer behaviour at pure Internet players has been analysed thoroughly in earlier work. When it comes to retailers with multiple distribution channels, however, new behaviour patterns can be observed. Given the fact that multi-channel retailing is much more common than Internet-only, the analysis of consumer behaviour in a multi-channel context constitutes a challenge for the deeper understanding of e-business. The contribution of this research is threefold: first, this study provides an overview of how the 50 largest e-retailers presently coordinate the interaction between sales on their web sites and in physical stores. Second, we present findings from a consumer survey suggesting what consumers like about multi-channel services on retail sites. Finally, user behaviour is empirically evaluated based on transaction and web log data from a large multi-channel retailer. The results indicate a strong demand for multi-channel services and suggest that retailers should expand their multi-channel service spectrum.

Maximilian Teltzrow; Bettina Berendt; Oliver Günther

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

The bricks, clicks, economics and mortar of contemporary retail : the consequences that retailer storing strategies and retail performance across markets have on real estate investments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The retail industry in the 21st century is undergoing a confluence of transformative changes. In this paper we discuss particularly noteworthy changes related to demography, retail economics and the Internet. We note how, ...

Fagan, Kevin William

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Retailer License to someone by E-mail Retailer License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License Compressed natural gas, liquefied natural gas, or liquefied petroleum gas

137

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuel Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive A licensed retail motor fuel dealer may receive a quarterly incentive for

138

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit Retailers whose total diesel sales consist of at least 50% biodiesel blends

139

Submission to the EIRASS Retail brand equity: A PLS Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In large retail stores, France is characterized by market saturation and even a decline of several retail concepts such as variety stores, or even supermarkets and hypermarkets (Cliquet, 2000). This situation leads to a fierce competition and raises questions which affect marketing strategies of French retail companies. Given the legal context, the French retailers can increase sales through retail brands which appear to be henceforth among the most effective marketing tools. Indeed, product innovation, sophisticated packaging and retail brands- from generic products to premium retail brands (Kumar and Steenkamp, 2007)- could create consumer value. There are thus today real retail branding strategies consisting in creating consumer value leading to the idea of retail brand equity. This paper focuses on retail brand equity to understand where this retail brand value stems from and how to measure it in the French retail context. Adapting the brand equity literature to the retail brand opens large perspectives in the way of considering this type of brands helping managers to examine the importance of components in the shaping of their brand value and finally to develop better strategic and tactical decisions concerning retail brand positioning. Keller’s contributions (Keller, 1993), qualitative methodology and confirmatory analysis are used to

Magali Jara; Gérard Cliquet

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Regularized nonsymmetric correspondence analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nonsymmetric correspondence analysis (NSCA) is designed to analyze two-way contingency tables in which rows and columns assume an asymmetric role, e.g., columns depend on rows, but not vice versa. A ridge type of regularization was incorporated into ...

Yoshio Takane; Sunho Jung

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

PADD 5 Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

531 3.526 3.538 3.581 3.602 3.581 1993-2014 531 3.526 3.538 3.581 3.602 3.581 1993-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.395 3.386 3.384 3.401 3.423 3.420 1995-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.587 3.582 3.600 3.654 3.675 3.647 1995-2014 Regular 3.477 3.472 3.483 3.526 3.547 3.526 1992-2014 Conventional Areas 3.343 3.335 3.333 3.351 3.371 3.367 1992-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.535 3.531 3.549 3.603 3.624 3.595 1994-2014 Midgrade 3.618 3.611 3.626 3.668 3.690 3.669 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.479 3.471 3.470 3.483 3.510 3.508 1995-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.660 3.654 3.673 3.725 3.746 3.718 1995-2014 Premium 3.730 3.721 3.736 3.777 3.799 3.782 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.633 3.619 3.617 3.632 3.655 3.659 1995-2014 Reformulated Areas

142

New York Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

722 3.734 3.749 3.774 3.785 3.741 2000-2014 722 3.734 3.749 3.774 3.785 3.741 2000-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.730 3.734 3.735 3.757 3.768 3.749 2000-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.716 3.735 3.761 3.789 3.799 3.734 2000-2014 Regular 3.618 3.635 3.649 3.679 3.690 3.644 2000-2014 Conventional Areas 3.638 3.647 3.649 3.672 3.683 3.661 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.600 3.624 3.650 3.686 3.697 3.629 2000-2014 Midgrade 3.853 3.858 3.875 3.889 3.898 3.860 2000-2014 Conventional Areas 3.826 3.831 3.833 3.847 3.853 3.843 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.870 3.875 3.902 3.916 3.928 3.871 2000-2014 Premium 3.984 3.988 4.001 4.016 4.025 3.988 2000-2014 Conventional Areas 3.986 3.979 3.975 3.998 4.008 3.997 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas

143

Texas Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

034 3.066 3.217 3.198 3.179 3.120 2000-2013 034 3.066 3.217 3.198 3.179 3.120 2000-2013 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.034 3.051 3.204 3.184 3.168 3.123 2000-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.035 3.088 3.237 3.219 3.196 3.115 2000-2013 Regular 2.959 2.989 3.146 3.125 3.108 3.048 2000-2013 Conventional Areas 2.967 2.985 3.142 3.119 3.107 3.059 2000-2013 Reformulated Areas 2.946 2.996 3.152 3.133 3.110 3.030 2000-2013 Midgrade 3.149 3.186 3.320 3.305 3.284 3.226 2000-2013 Conventional Areas 3.130 3.153 3.286 3.275 3.254 3.212 2000-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.177 3.234 3.368 3.346 3.326 3.246 2000-2013 Premium 3.312 3.346 3.483 3.472 3.443 3.389 2000-2013 Conventional Areas 3.295 3.309 3.452 3.440 3.411 3.376 2000-2013 Reformulated Areas

144

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Retail Electric Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

145

Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OR Electricity (industrial) OH Expon (price-estimatedprice IL Retail rental IL Gasoline IL Gasoline OH Electricity (industrial) IL Electricity (price IL Retail rental IL Gasoline IL Gasoline OH Electricity (industrial) IL Electricity (

Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity (industrial) OH Dependent Variable = Expon (Price -price IL Retail rental IL Gasoline IL Gasoline OH Electricity (industrial) IL Electricity (price IL Retail rental IL Gasoline IL Gasoline OH Electricity (industrial) IL Electricity (

Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Evaluating demand planning strategy in the retail channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2007 Dell began selling through the retail channel. Five years later, the retail channel is still in the early stages relative to competitors and is growing rapidly. Short product lifecycles, long lead times and a high ...

Zehavi, Limor (Limor Hadas)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Dominion Retail Inc (New York) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominion Retail Inc (New York) Jump to: navigation, search Name Dominion Retail Inc Place New York Utility Id 3763 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

149

Inventory planning for low demand items in online retailing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A large online retailer strategically stocks inventory for SKUs with low demand. The motivations are to provide a wide range of selections and faster customer fulfillment service. We assume the online retailer has the ...

Chhaochhria, Pallav

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Inter-organizational information sharing of customer data in retail  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As massive online retailers are putting increasing pressure on the traditional brick-and-mortar retailers, new ways to compete for customers is needed. Identifying customers' behavior and understanding their needs could ...

Tengberg, John C.F. (John Claes Fredrik)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Using customers data for defining retail market size: a GIS approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geographical Information Systems (GIS) systems provide a wide array of tools for site, demographic and competitive analyses which enable retailers and marketers to answer several questions that are related to retail location. The aim of this ... Keywords: GIS, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, customer data, demographics, geocoding, geographical information systems, market analysis, marketing policy, retail centres, retail customers, retail market size, retail planning, shopping centres

Abdulkader A. Murad

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

A Multi-Level Theory Approach to Understanding Price Rigidity in Internet Retailing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Price rigidity involves prices that do not change with the regularity predicted by standard economic theory, and is of long-standing interest to firms and industries, and our understanding of the economy as a whole. The previous IS literature has failed to identify the central role of IT and Internet retailing-related technologies to explain the rigidity of prices on the Internet. Instead, it has offered only limited explanations, such as menu costs and tacit collusion. These ideas, and quite a few other key theoretical perspectives were formulated in disciplines other than ours. Thus, the issue of price rigidity and price adjustment in Internet retailing should be given more scrutiny than the literature has provided to date. We review and synthesize what we know about price rigidity in non-electronic retailing contexts using a multi-level theory approach that identifies three unique levels of analysis: the firm-specific level, the firm-to-consumer level, and the firm-to-market level. We evaluate to what extent this knowledge is applicable to explain price-setting and price adjustment on the Internet. We conclude that there should not be less price rigidity in Internet retailing than in traditional retailing – even though the Internet is involved. To this end, we recommend a multi-level variance theory of Internet-based price rigidity. This study provides a foundation for the development of new theoretical perspectives at the crossroads of the academic disciplines of marketing, economics and IS. It encourages research that is able to probe for a deeper understanding of new economic phenomena associated with the digital economy’s growth.

Robert J. Kauffman; Dongwon Lee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Retail Unbundling status for Michigan - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling- Michigan. Status: The state has begun the process of implementing comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers.

154

Retail Unbundling - U.S. Summary - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... require uniform procedures for ... conducted a review of retail access policies. ... and revise the consumer protection guidelines in purchase ...

155

Table 4. Average retail price for bundled and unbundled consumers ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 4. Average retail price for bundled and unbundled consumers by sector, Census Division, and State 2011

156

Retail Unbundling status for the state of New York  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - New York. Status: The state has comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers. Overview: Natural gas ...

157

Retail resources | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail resources Retail resources Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder Technical documentation

158

U.S. Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Gasoline, All Grades Sales to End Users (Average) 2.345 2.775 1.888 2.301 3.050 3.154 1978-2012 Through Retail Outlets 2.349 2.778 1.892 2.306 3.058 3.168 1978-2012 Other End Users 2.159 2.636 1.779 2.174 2.858 2.916 1978-2012 Sales for Resale (Average) 2.182 2.586 1.767 2.165 2.867 2.929 1978-2012 DTW 2.311 2.726 1.899 2.293 2.990 3.117 1994-2012 Rack 2.180 2.572 1.761 2.162 2.864 2.916 1994-2012 Bulk 2.080 2.532 1.675 2.078 2.769 2.861 1994-2012 Regular Gasoline Sales to End Users (Average) 2.315 2.748 1.856 2.270 3.021 3.118 1983-2012 Through Retail Outlets 2.318 2.752 1.860 2.275 3.028 3.132 1983-2012 Other End Users 2.140 2.611 1.762 2.159 2.843 2.895 1983-2012

159

Policy Issues for Retail Beamed Power Transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it possible to deliver electric power to off-grid locations using millimeter-wave beams and compact, efficient of very large utility-scale power plants, serving given areas in a hub-and-spoke arrangement. GridPolicy Issues for Retail Beamed Power Transmission Girish Chowdhary, Rajeev Gadre, Narayanan

160

May 13, 2003 To all retail providers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMISSION 1516 NINTH STREET SACRAMENTO CA 95814-5512 June 19, 2008 To All Retail Providers: Subject from generators to the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission), and for providing rate payers reporting period, the Energy Commission adopted the 2007 Net System Power Report at its April 16, 2008

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Retail beamed power using millimeter waves: Survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retail delivery of electric power through millimeter waves is relevant in developing areas where the market for communication devices outpaces the power grid infrastructure. It is also a critical component of an evolutionary path towards terrestrial ... Keywords: Micro renewable energy systems, millimeter wave, power beaming, rural India power, space power grid, systems

Narayanan Komerath; Aravinda Kar

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

What was the highest U.S. average retail price of regular gasoline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Why don't fuel prices change as quickly as crude oil prices? Why is the United States exporting gasoline when prices are so high?

163

Information for Retailers of Lighting Products | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Information for Retailers of Lighting Products Information for Retailers of Lighting Products Information for Retailers of Lighting Products July 29, 2012 - 8:18pm Addthis Information for Retailers of Lighting Products U.S. retailers who sell lighting products can use the information below to help their customers better understand energy-efficient lighting choices. New information will be added as it becomes available. U.S. retailers are welcome to use parts of these materials in their retail displays. In those cases, please do so without the Department of Energy's name, since we will not be approving your version. If you would prefer a different version that fits your requirements for size or layout better, and you'd like to keep the Department's name, you are welcome to submit that revised layout for approval. Native artwork files can be made

164

Physics of Regularized Image Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because the Ising Model reproduces surface physics, regularized image processing also reproduces these effects, either as restorations of lost information or as ...

165

Electric retail market options: The customer perspective  

SciTech Connect

This report describes various options that are now available for retail electric customers, or that may become available during the next few years as the electric utility industry restructures. These options include different ways of meeting demand for energy services, different providers of service or points of contact with providers, and different pricing structures for purchased services. Purpose of this document is to examine these options from the customer`s perspective: how might being a retail electric customer in 5--10 years differ from now? Seizing opportunities to reduce cost of electric service is likely to entail working with different service providers; thus, transaction costs are involved. Some of the options considered are speculative. Some transitional options include relocation, customer-built/operated transmission lines, municipalization, self-generation, and long-term contracts with suppliers. All these may change or diminish in a restructured industry. Brokers seem likely to become more common unless restructuring takes the form of mandatory poolcos (wholesale). Some options appear robust, ie, they are likely to become more common regardless of how restructuring is accomplished: increased competition among energy carriers (gas vs electric), real-time pricing, etc. This report identified some of the qualitative differences among the various options. For customers using large amounts of electricity, different alternatives are likely to affect greatly service price, transaction costs, tailoring service to customer preferences, and risks for customer. For retail customers using small amounts of electricity, there may be little difference among the options except service price.

Hadley, S.W.; Hillsman, E.L.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Load Profiling and Settlement for Retail Markets Methods Assessment Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retail electric competition requires estimation of hourly loads for each retail supplier. Load profiling is the means by which loads for customers who do not have hourly metering are accounted for. This report presents an assessment of alternative load profiling and settlement methods for retail electric markets and provides a framework for evaluating costs and benefits of potential improvements to profiling and settlement systems. This report is available only to funders of Program 101A or 101.001. Fund...

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Search engine advertising in web retailing : an efficiency analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines the efficiency of search engine advertising strategies employed by firms. The research setting is the online retailing industry, which is characterized by… (more)

Mokaya, Brian O.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

A Piecewise Linearization Framework for Retail Shelf Space ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 1, 2004 ... Abstract: Managing shelf space is critical for retailers to attract customers ... essential in-store costs and considers space- and cross-elasticities.

169

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robinson, Michael, 2008, "Demand Response in Midwest ISOPresentation at MISO Demand Response Working Group Meeting,Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Retail Price of No. 2 Fuel Oil to Residential Consumers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Retail prices and Prime ...

171

Retail Electric Competition: A Blueprint for Consumer Protection...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Response to several FOIA requests - Renewable Energy Restructuring in Retrospect, 2001 REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY...

172

Participation lags in most electricity retail choice States ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Fifteen States and the District of Columbia have active retail choice programs for residential electricity ... State regulators set the rates for customers not ...

173

Electricity retail choice is mandated in Texas and growing in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail choice programs let electric power and natural gas customers ... These rates only slowly adjust to ... 15 States and the District of Columbia have active ...

174

State electric retail choice programs are popular with commercial ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

State electric retail choice programs are popular ... majority of industrial customers have signed up in 12 states. The highest participation rates are found in ...

175

Making Sense of Non-Binding Retail-Price Recommendations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

information about production costs, we show that RPRs may beis independent of production costs and punishment strategiesabout their own production costs than retailers. This seems

Gärtner, Dennis L; Buehler, Stefan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

6. State Regulators Promote Consumer Choice in Retail Gas Markets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends 113 6. State Regulators Promote Consumer Choice in Retail Gas Markets Restructur ...

177

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Maryland) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maryland) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Maryland Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

178

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Pennsylvania) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pennsylvania) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Pennsylvania Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

179

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Delaware) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Delaware) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Delaware Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

180

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Massachusetts) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Massachusetts) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Massachusetts Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 13: Retail Stores...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

care resources Small business resources State and local government resources ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 13: Retail Stores The Building Upgrade Manual is a...

182

A Guide to US Retail Pricing Laws and Regulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Guide to Retail Pricing Laws and Regulations. US Pricing Laws and Regulations by state. ... Contact New York directly for a complete listing. ...

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

183

Drivers of gross margins in UK retail electricity.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis aims at explaining why the UK residential electricity (retail) market enjoys high gross margins in comparison to Vattenfall’s markets in for example… (more)

Törnqvist, Dan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

U.S. Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

(Dollars per Gallon, Including Taxes) Area: ... EIA did not collect weekly retail motor gasoline data between December 10, 1990 and January 14, 1991.

185

Retail Unbundling - Minnesota - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Residential Programs by State. ... According to the PUC, no further work has been done to develop retail gas unbundling programs in ...

186

Retail Unbundling - District of Columbia - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

District of Columbia: Legislative and Regulatory Actions on Retail Unbundling Summary: ... Washington Gas Light tariff GT97-3 effective 10/22/99.

187

Refiner Retail Price of Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Retail prices and Prime ...

188

Retail Building Guide for Entrance Energy Efficiency Measures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This booklet is based on the findings of an infiltration analysis for supermarkets and large retail buildings without refrigerated cases. It enables retail building managers and engineers to calculate the energy savings potential for vestibule additions for supermarkets; and bay door operation changes in large retail stores without refrigerated cases. Retail managers can use initial estimates to decide whether to engage vendors or contractors of vestibules for pricing or site-specific analyses, or to decide whether to test bay door operation changes in pilot stores, respectively.

Stein, J.; Kung, F.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Motor Gasoline Sales Through Retail Outlets Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, ... History; U.S.-----1983-2013: East Coast (PADD 1) ... Alabama-----1983-2013: Arkansas-----

190

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design of retail electricity tariffs and want to understandof commercial electricity tariffs in the United States,the structure of retail electricity tariffs. Rate Design for

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design of retail electricity tariffs and want to understandof commercial electricity tariffs in the United States,the structure of retail electricity tariffs. Rate Design for

Mills, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design of retail electricity tariffs and want to understandof commercial electricity tariffs, elucidates the principlesand design of retail electricity tariffs can impact the

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Patterns of Pass-through of Commodity Price Shocks to Retail Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B. 1975. “The Farm-Retail Price Spread in a Competitive Foodthe Income Effect: Gasoline Prices and Grocery Purchases. ”2004. “Patterns of Retail Price Variation. ” The RAND

Berck, Peter; Leibtag, Ephraim S.; Villas-Boas, Sofia B.; Solis, Alex

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

The LBNL Water Heater Retail Price Database  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory developed the LBNL Water Heater Price Database to compile and organize information used in the revision of U.S. energy efficiency standards for water heaters. The Database contains all major components that contribute to the consumer cost of water heaters, including basic retail prices, sales taxes, installation costs, and any associated fees. In addition, the Database provides manufacturing data on the features and design characteristics of more than 1100 different water heater models. Data contained in the Database was collected over a two-year period from 1997 to 1999.

Lekov, Alex; Glover, Julie; Lutz, Jim

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide Retail Buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide for Retail Buildings is a component of the Department of Energy’s Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides for Existing Buildings series. The aim of the guides is to facilitate a rapid escalation in the number of energy efficiency projects in existing buildings and to enhance the quality and depth of those projects. By presenting general project planning guidance as well as financial payback metrics for the most common energy efficiency measures, these guides provide a practical roadmap to effectively planning and implementing performance improvements for existing buildings.

Liu, Guopeng; Liu, Bing; Zhang, Jian; Wang, Weimin; Athalye, Rahul A.; Moser, Dave; Crowe, Eliot; Bengtson, Nick; Effinger, Mark; Webster, Lia; Hatten, Mike

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

196

Revised 1997 Retail Electricity Price Forecast Principal Author: Ben Arikawa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Revised 1997 Retail Electricity Price Forecast March 1998 Principal Author: Ben Arikawa Electricity Energy Commission until adopted at a public meeting. #12;Revised 1997 Retail Price Forecast, December ELECTRICITY PRICE FORECAST Introduction The Electricity Analysis Office of the California Energy Commission

197

Duke Energy Retail Sales, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Retail Sales, LLC Retail Sales, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Duke Energy Retail Sales, LLC Place Ohio Utility Id 56502 Utility Location Yes Ownership R Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.0749/kWh Commercial: $0.0600/kWh Industrial: $0.0515/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Duke_Energy_Retail_Sales,_LLC&oldid=410603" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases

198

Retail: An Overview of Energy Use and Energy Efficiency Opportunities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail: An Overview of Energy Use and Retail: An Overview of Energy Use and Energy Efficiency Opportunities Of the almost 5 million commercial buildings in the U.S. 1 , retail buildings account for the largest energy costs - nearly $20 billion each year 1 - and are also responsible for the second largest percentage of greenhouse gas emissions, leading to global climate change. By becoming more energy efficient, retailers can increase the comfort of customers and productivity of employees, and achieve cost savings that enhance corporate profitability. By using the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR tools and resources, retailers can save money and fight global climate change by reducing their energy use through energy efficiency measures. Energy Efficiency Tips

199

A Look at Retail and Service Buildings - Index Page  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Retail and Services Retail and Services Home: A Look at CBECS Building Activities How large are they? How many employees are there? Where are they located? How old are they? Who owns and occupies them? How do they use energy and how much does it cost? How do they use electricity? How do they use natural gas? What types of equipment do they use? How do they measure up on conservation efforts? Summary Comparison Table (All Activities) RETAIL AND SERVICE BUILDINGS There were an estimated 1,289,000 retail and service buildings in the U.S. in 1995. Number of Buildings In the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), information is collected separately for service buildings, enclosed malls, strip shopping centers, and retail buildings other than malls. In most CBECS publications, these types are all grouped into one category; where possible, this profile will look at each of these separately.

200

Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Retail Other Than Mall) Retail Other Than Mall) Jump to: navigation, search Building Type Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Definition Buildings used for the sale and display of goods other than food. Sub Categories retail store; beer, wine, or liquor store; rental center; dealership or showroom for vehicles or boats; studio/gallery References EIA CBECS Building Types [1] References ↑ EIA CBECS Building Types U.S. Energy Information Administration (Oct 2008) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Mercantile_(Retail_Other_Than_Mall)&oldid=270108" Category: CBECS Building Types What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Retail Inventory Management When Records are Inaccurate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inventory record inaccuracy is a significant problem for retailers using automated inventory management systems. While investments in preventative and corrective measures can be effective remedies, gains can also be achieved through inventory management tools that account for record errors. In this paper, we consider intelligent inventory management tools that account for record errors using a Bayesian inventory record. We assume that excess demands are lost and unobserved, in which case sales data reveal information about physical inventory positions. We show that a probability distribution on inventory levels is a sufficient summary of past sales and replenishment observations, and that this probability distribution can be efficiently updated as observations are accumulated. We also demonstrate the use of this distribution as the basis for practical replenishment and inventory audit policies, and illustrate how the needed parameters can be estimated using data from a large national retailer. Our replenishment policies avoid the problem of “freezing, ” in which a physical inventory position persists at zero while the corresponding record is positive. In addition, simulation studies show that our replenishment policies recoup much of the cost of inventory record inaccuracy, and that our audit policies significantly outperform the popular “zero-balance walk ” audit policy. 1.

Nicole Dehoratius; Adam J. Mersereau; Linus Schrage

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Minnesota Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Area: Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History; Gasoline - All Grades: 3 ...

203

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: With the worst of the heating season (October-March) now behind us, we can be fairly confident that retail heating oil prices have seen their seasonal peak. Relatively mild weather and a softening of crude oil prices have helped ease heating oil prices. Spot heating oil prices recently reached their lowest levels in over six months. Because of relatively balmy weather in the Northeast in January and February, heating oil stock levels have stabilized. Furthermore, heating oil production has been unusually robust, running several hundred thousand barrels per day over last year's pace. Currently, EIA expects winter prices to average around $1.41, which is quite high in historical terms. The national average price in December 2000 was 44 cents per gallon above the December 1999 price. For February

204

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LBNL-1470E LBNL-1470E Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool Ranjit Bharvirkar, Grayson Heffner and Charles Goldman Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Environmental Energy Technologies Division January 2009 The work described in this report was funded by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, Permitting, Siting and Analysis of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of

205

Retail Choice Experiments: Comparing Early-AdopterExperience  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the experience with retail choice of non-residential electricity customers during the period from early 1998 through the first few months of 2000. Key findings include: (1) customers in California received a significantly smaller discount from utility tariffs than customers in other competitive markets; (2) this sample of large commercial/industrial customers believed they were benefiting significantly more from commodity savings from contracts with retail electricity service providers (RESP) than from value-added services; and,(3) market rules appear to be critical to customer experiences with retail competition, yet the relationship between market rules and market development is inadequately understood.

Golove, William

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

From Beijing to Bentonville: Do Multinational Retailers Link Markets? ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The world’s largest retailers—Walmart, Carrefour, Tesco, and Metro—all entered China after 1995. They established hundreds of stores as well as centers for procuring goods to be sold worldwide. Multinational retailers may affect Chinese exports through two channels. First, they could inform outlets in other countries where they operate about the products offered by local Chinese suppliers, thereby enhancing bilateral exports. Second, they can augment the general capabilities of local suppliers. Chinese city-level exports to all destinations grow following the increase of multinational retailers ’ activities in and near the city, as predicted by the capability hypothesis. JEL classification: F13

Keith Head; Ran Jing; Deborah Swenson

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Gasoline prices — second largest one-week increase since ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short, timely articles with graphics on energy, facts, issues, and trends. FAQs ... The national average retail price for regular grade gasoline on Monday, ...

208

Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Summer Fuels Outlook U.S. Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Prices. EIA expects that regular-grade gasoline retail prices, which averaged $3.69 per gallon last ...

209

TXU Energy Retail Co LP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TXU Energy Retail Co LP TXU Energy Retail Co LP Jump to: navigation, search Name TXU Energy Retail Co LP Place Texas Service Territory Texas Website www.txu.com Green Button Landing Page www.txu.com/en/residentia Green Button Reference Page www.txu.com/en/residentia Green Button Implemented Yes Utility Id 19327 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC ERCOT Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 12 (e-Saver Residential Service) Residential 18 (Free Nights Time-of-Use Residential Service) Residential Residential Residential Small Non-Residential Commercial

210

Improving promotional effectiveness through supplier-retailer collaboration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the consumer products industry, retail chains and manufacturers run promotions to maintain consumer and brand loyalty. The two major issues in planning and executing promotions are to accurately forecast demand and to ...

Kapur, Gautam, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

California Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

California Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's ...

212

Refiner Retail Price of Kerosene - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

History; U.S. 3.836: 3.786: 3.634: 3.840: 3.707: ... Alabama-----1984-2013: Arkansas----- ... Retail prices and Prime Supplier sales values shown for ...

213

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Rhode Island) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rhode Island) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Rhode Island Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

214

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (District of Columbia...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District of Columbia) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place District of Columbia Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data...

215

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (New Hampshire) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hampshire) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place New Hampshire Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

216

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Maine) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maine) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Maine Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101...

217

Midwest (PADD 2) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

218

Michigan Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Michigan Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 3,004.6:

219

Retail Prices for Diesel (On-Highway) - All Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Midwest (PADD 2) 3.911: 3.907: 3.871: 3.850: 3.873: 3 ... EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types ...

220

New England (PADD 1A) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

222

Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

223

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

224

U.S. Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

225

Energy Star Building Upgrade Manual Facility Type: Retail Chapter...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility Type: Retail Revised January 2008 13.1 Challenges and Opportunities 2 13.2 Energy Use Profile 2 13.3 Technical Recommendations 4 Retrocommissioning 5 Lighting 6 Load...

226

Inventory optimization in a retail multi-echelon environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of the study is to find an optimal inventory distribution in a retail three-echelon environment, consisting of a supplier, a DC, and stores. An inventory model is built by replicating the echelons' periodic, ...

Arkaresvimun, Rintiya

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Census Division Number of Average Monthly Average Retail Price...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Average Monthly Average Retail Price Average Monthly Bill State Consumers Consumption (kWh) (Cents per Kilowatthour) (Dollar and cents) New England 34,271 67,907 12.55 8,520.25...

228

Texas Retail Energy, LLC (Texas) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Texas) Jump to: navigation, search Name Texas Retail Energy, LLC Place Texas Utility Id 50046 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101 LinkedIn...

229

A franchising of retail operations : the case of the United States Postal Service building a retail network for the 21st century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is about the effects of changing customer preferences on the United States Postal Service's retail network and offers a process for wider adoption of its current retail partnership program. The Contract Postal ...

Sigmon, Kelly M. (Kelly Marie Berg)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5939 5939 LBNL-42286 February 1999 Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment Ryan Wiser, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Jeff Fang, Kevin Porter, and Ashley Houston, National Renewable Energy Laboratory National Renewable Energy Laboratory A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy The Topical Issues Brief series is sponsored by DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Power Technologies Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition i Contents Abstract ........................................................................................................................................ ii Acknowledgments ..........................................................................................................................

231

Solar power and retail electric competition in Arizona  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Arizona`s solar portfolio standard serves a model for utilities and regulators by linking solar power and retail electric competition. Like many states, Arizona is pursuing retail electric competition as a substitute for traditional regulated monopolies. In addition the development of the competitive market is being linked with the development of solar power. Topics covered include the following: a simple solar portfolio standard; cost of the solar portfolio; feasibility of the solar portfolio standard. 4 figs., 1 tab.

Berry, D.; Williamson, R. [Arizona Corp. Commission, Phoenix, AZ (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Retail Buildings: Assessing and Reducing Plug and Process Loads in Retail Buildings (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Plug and process loads (PPLs) in commercial buildings account for almost 5% of U.S. primary energy consumption. Minimizing these loads is a primary challenge in the design and operation of an energy-efficient building. PPLs are not related to general lighting, heating, ventilation, cooling, and water heating, and typically do not provide comfort to the occupants. They use an increasingly large fraction of the building energy use pie because the number and variety of electrical devices have increased along with building system efficiency. Reducing PPLs is difficult because energy efficiency opportunities and the equipment needed to address PPL energy use in retail spaces are poorly understood.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Retail Prices for Gasoline, All Grades - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Conventional area is any ...

234

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

80 3.124 3.139 3.197 3.200 3.185 1993-2014 80 3.124 3.139 3.197 3.200 3.185 1993-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.176 3.127 3.126 3.186 3.190 3.181 1994-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.196 3.115 3.183 3.232 3.233 3.198 1994-2014 Regular 3.104 3.047 3.061 3.117 3.123 3.108 1992-2014 Conventional Areas 3.102 3.053 3.051 3.109 3.115 3.106 1992-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.110 3.030 3.096 3.146 3.149 3.113 1994-2014 Midgrade 3.278 3.223 3.242 3.299 3.299 3.285 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.263 3.216 3.217 3.280 3.280 3.273 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.326 3.246 3.323 3.362 3.359 3.326 1994-2014 Premium 3.455 3.401 3.417 3.479 3.476 3.462 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.445 3.399 3.399 3.464 3.462 3.454 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.487 3.408 3.475 3.528 3.522 3.489 1994-2014

235

New England (PADD 1A) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

71 3.585 3.598 3.624 3.633 3.610 1993-2014 71 3.585 3.598 3.624 3.633 3.610 1993-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.578 3.578 3.588 3.629 3.626 3.613 1994-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.570 3.586 3.601 3.622 3.634 3.609 1994-2014 Regular 3.494 3.508 3.520 3.548 3.556 3.530 1993-2014 Conventional Areas 3.501 3.501 3.511 3.555 3.552 3.535 1993-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.493 3.510 3.522 3.547 3.557 3.529 1994-2014 Midgrade 3.682 3.695 3.716 3.731 3.746 3.730 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.685 3.684 3.695 3.727 3.724 3.720 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.681 3.697 3.721 3.733 3.751 3.733 1994-2014 Premium 3.829 3.840 3.858 3.875 3.889 3.872 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.846 3.849 3.857 3.892 3.891 3.884 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.825 3.837 3.858 3.871 3.888 3.869 1994-2014

236

East Coast (PADD 1) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

482 3.472 3.480 3.511 3.538 3.512 1993-2014 482 3.472 3.480 3.511 3.538 3.512 1993-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.457 3.438 3.442 3.471 3.511 3.488 1994-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.522 3.529 3.542 3.577 3.581 3.550 1994-2014 Regular 3.382 3.373 3.380 3.413 3.438 3.410 1992-2014 Conventional Areas 3.359 3.339 3.343 3.372 3.410 3.386 1992-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.419 3.428 3.440 3.480 3.484 3.450 1994-2014 Midgrade 3.566 3.554 3.565 3.590 3.622 3.598 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.525 3.507 3.515 3.539 3.582 3.559 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.642 3.644 3.659 3.687 3.695 3.670 1994-2014 Premium 3.755 3.746 3.754 3.782 3.811 3.789 1994-2014 Conventional Areas 3.733 3.716 3.720 3.751 3.797 3.778 1994-2014 Reformulated Areas

237

West Coast less California Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

350 3.348 3.344 3.369 3.393 3.392 1998-2014 350 3.348 3.344 3.369 3.393 3.392 1998-2014 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.395 3.386 3.384 3.401 3.423 3.420 2000-2014 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.138 3.162 3.155 3.214 3.252 3.258 1998-2014 Regular 3.298 3.295 3.292 3.317 3.341 3.338 1998-2014 Conventional Areas 3.343 3.335 3.333 3.351 3.371 3.367 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.078 3.104 3.097 3.155 3.194 3.201 1998-2014 Midgrade 3.435 3.432 3.430 3.451 3.481 3.477 1998-2014 Conventional Areas 3.479 3.471 3.470 3.483 3.510 3.508 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas 3.238 3.257 3.249 3.309 3.348 3.336 1998-2014 Premium 3.589 3.582 3.578 3.602 3.627 3.632 1998-2014 Conventional Areas 3.633 3.619 3.617 3.632 3.655 3.659 2000-2014 Reformulated Areas

238

Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

267 3.312 3.445 3.432 3.407 3.379 1993-2013 267 3.312 3.445 3.432 3.407 3.379 1993-2013 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.272 3.313 3.446 3.433 3.409 3.381 1994-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.215 3.295 3.432 3.420 3.392 3.356 1994-2013 Regular 3.159 3.203 3.338 3.325 3.300 3.270 1993-2013 Conventional Areas 3.165 3.206 3.341 3.327 3.303 3.274 1993-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.093 3.176 3.311 3.301 3.270 3.235 1994-2013 Midgrade 3.365 3.408 3.535 3.524 3.499 3.474 1994-2013 Conventional Areas 3.366 3.407 3.533 3.521 3.496 3.473 1994-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.354 3.426 3.561 3.550 3.526 3.489 1994-2013 Premium 3.558 3.605 3.735 3.726 3.699 3.675 1994-2013 Conventional Areas 3.561 3.605 3.734 3.726 3.698 3.675 1994-2013 Reformulated Areas

239

Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

00 3.439 3.518 3.537 3.548 3.555 1993-2013 00 3.439 3.518 3.537 3.548 3.555 1993-2013 All Grades - Conventional Areas 3.456 3.492 3.551 3.571 3.589 3.592 1994-2013 All Grades - Reformulated Areas 3.365 3.406 3.498 3.516 3.523 3.533 1994-2013 Regular 3.295 3.341 3.423 3.441 3.447 3.457 1993-2013 Conventional Areas 3.371 3.411 3.471 3.496 3.509 3.514 1993-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.247 3.297 3.393 3.407 3.408 3.421 1994-2013 Midgrade 3.491 3.518 3.592 3.617 3.634 3.636 1994-2013 Conventional Areas 3.484 3.524 3.581 3.592 3.609 3.611 1994-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.496 3.514 3.598 3.632 3.649 3.651 1994-2013 Premium 3.663 3.684 3.760 3.779 3.800 3.805 1994-2013 Conventional Areas 3.700 3.721 3.781 3.791 3.820 3.818 1994-2013 Reformulated Areas 3.641 3.662 3.748 3.772 3.789 3.797 1994-2013

240

CSP Policies & Procedures Process for Grade Appeals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSP Policies & Procedures Process for Grade Appeals Grade Appeals ­ Generally speaking, once grades

Leistikow, Bruce N.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

SciTech Connect

In 2007, the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) formed the Customer Response Task Force (CRTF) to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in wholesale markets and develop policies to overcome these barriers. One of the initiatives of this Task Force was to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This report describes the results of a comprehensive survey conducted by LBNL in support of the Customer Response Task Force and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into wholesale markets in the SPP region. LBNL conducted a detailed survey of existing DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs administered by SPP's member utilities. Survey respondents were asked to provide information on advance notice requirements to customers, operational triggers used to call events (e.g. system emergencies, market conditions, local emergencies), use of these DR resources to meet planning reserves requirements, DR resource availability (e.g. seasonal, annual), participant incentive structures, and monitoring and verification (M&V) protocols. Nearly all of the 30 load-serving entities in SPP responded to the survey. Of this group, fourteen SPP member utilities administer 36 DR programs, five dynamic pricing tariffs, and six voluntary customer response initiatives. These existing DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs have a peak demand reduction potential of 1,552 MW. Other major findings of this study are: o About 81percent of available DR is from interruptible rate tariffs offered to large commercial and industrial customers, while direct load control (DLC) programs account for ~;;14percent. o Arkansas accounts for ~;;50percent of the DR resources in the SPP footprint; these DR resources are primarily managed by cooperatives. o Publicly-owned cooperatives accounted for 54percent of the existing DR resources among SPP members. For these entities, investment in DR is often driven by the need to reduce summer peak demand that is used to set demand charges for each distribution cooperative. o About 65-70percent of the interruptible/curtailable tariffs and DLC programs are routinely triggered based on market conditions, not just for system emergencies. Approximately, 53percent of the DR resources are available with less than two hours advance notice and 447 MW can be dispatched with less than thirty minutes notice. o Most legacy DR programs offered a reservation payment ($/kW) for participation; incentive payment levels ranged from $0.40 to $8.30/kW-month for interruptible rate tariffs and $0.30 to $4.60/kW-month for DLC programs. A few interruptible programs offered incentive payments which were explicitly linkedto actual load reductions during events; payments ranged from 2 to 40 cents/kWh for load curtailed.

Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Heffner, Grayson; Goldman, Charles

2009-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

242

Vermont Propane Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Propane (Consumer Grade) Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes; Vermont Propane (Consumer Grade) Refiner Sales Volumes; Vermont Sales to End Users ...

243

Some Tauberian theorems for regularly generated sequences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we establish some Tauberian theorems for the Abel summability method in terms of regularly generated sequences which generalizes some results obtained in Canak and Totur [I. Canak, U. Totur, A note on Tauberian theorems for regularly generated ... Keywords: Abel summability method, General control modulo, Moderate oscillation, Regularly generated sequences, Slow oscillation

?brahim Çanak; Ferhat Hasekiler; Duygu Kebapc?

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

REGULARITY FOR A DOUBLY NONLINEAR PARABOLIC EQUATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REGULARITY FOR A DOUBLY NONLINEAR PARABOLIC EQUATION JUHA KINNUNEN Abstract. This survey focuses on regularity results for certain degenerate doubly nonlinear parabolic equations in the case when the Lebesgue This note focuses on the regularity of nonnegative weak solutions to the doubly nonlinear parabolic equation

Kinnunen, Juha

245

Regularities and their relations to error bounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we mainly study various notions of regularity for a finite collection {C1,?,Cm} of closed convex subsets of a Banach space X and their relations with other fundamental concepts. ... Keywords: error bound, graph, linearly regular, multifunction, normal cone, positive linear functional, property (G), regular, strong CHIP, tangent cone

Kung Fu Ng; Wei Hong Yang

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's...

247

E85 Retail Business Case: When and Why to Sell E85  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NREL developed a model to test the investment profitability of adding E85 to retail stations. This report discusses this model and how retailers can make E85 a profitable business venture.

Johnson, C.; Melendez, M.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Place making in new retail developments : the role of local, independently owned businesses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis sets out to examine whether incorporating local independent or small regional chain retailers and restaurants along with national chain stores in new large scale open-air retail developments can help add to a ...

Laniado, Linda (Linda Caroline)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Why do we need electricity retailers?; or, can you get it cheaper wholesale?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The opportunities for retail electricity competition to provide new value-added services to retail electricity consumers are discussed. The physical attributes of electricity supply make many of the traditional "convenience ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Smart Grid Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Country United States Headquarters Location Houston, Texas Recovery Act Funding $19839689 Total Project Value $63696548 Coverage Area Coverage Map: Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Smart Grid Project Coordinates 29.7632836°, -95.3632715° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

251

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool In 2007, the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) formed the Customer Response Task Force (CRTF) to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in wholesale markets and develop policies to overcome these barriers. One of the initiatives of this Task Force was to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This report describes the results of a comprehensive survey conducted by LBNL in support of the Customer Response Task Force and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into wholesale markets in the SPP region.

252

Large Scale Geothermal Exchange System for Residential, Office and Retail  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Exchange System for Residential, Office and Retail Geothermal Exchange System for Residential, Office and Retail Development Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Large Scale Geothermal Exchange System for Residential, Office and Retail Development Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program: Ground Source Heat Pumps Project Type / Topic 2 Topic Area 1: Technology Demonstration Projects Project Description RiverHeath will be a new neighborhood, with residences, shops, restaurants, and offices. The design incorporates walking trails, community gardens, green roofs, and innovative stormwater controls. A major component of the project is our reliance on renewable energy. One legacy of the land's industrial past is an onsite hydro-electric facility which formerly powered the paper factories. The onsite hydro is being refurbished and will furnish 100% of the project's electricity demand.

253

DataTrends Energy Use in Retail Stores  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail Stores Retail Stores The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 100 to more than 800 kBtu/ft 2 across all retail buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using more than 3 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further away from

254

Retail Product Prices Are Driven By Crude Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Retail prices for both gasoline and diesel fuel have risen strongly over the past two years, driven mostly by the rise in world crude oil prices to their highest levels since the Persian Gulf War. Of course, there are a number of other significant factors that impact retail product prices, the most important of which is the supply/demand balance for each product. But the point of this slide is to show that generally speaking, as world crude oil prices rise and fall, so do retail product prices. Because of the critical importance of crude oil price levels, my presentation today will look first at global oil supply and demand, and then at the factors that differentiate the markets for each product. I'll also talk briefly about natural gas, and the impact that gas

255

Recent Weekly Retail Price Changes Have Been as Expected  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: Using the results of this research, EIA has been able to create a model that takes observed changes in spot prices over the previous weeks, and forecasts what this week's retail price change will be. As you can see from this chart, we've been fairly successful. This chart shows that the model is quite accurate at forecasting one week ahead. In fact, in the first 28 weeks of this year, our model correctly forecasted the direction of the retail price change 26 times, for an accuracy rate of 93 percent . Additionally, as you can see, most weeks it did a very good job of forecasting the relative magnitude of the increase or decrease in retail prices. We're still refining this model, and customizing it for each region, so we've got quite a bit of work left

256

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Hampshire" Hampshire" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",3444,3357,3428,3420,3431,3364,3429,3389,3401,3640,3656,3789,4003,4252,4282,4495,4401,4493,4394,4422,4485,36,41.2 " Commercial",2010,2029,2077,2123,3221,3226,3246,3280,3351,3604,3774,3911,4024,4318,4363,4576,4563,4570,4518,4441,4462,37.2,41 " Industrial",3418,3265,3333,3100,2182,2286,2344,2372,2425,2516,2597,2483,2222,2403,2328,2174,2131,2173,2065,1836,1942,25.6,17.8 " Other",107,111,116,118,122,131,127,127,127,128,131,133,134,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.3,"-"

257

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois" Illinois" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",32871,35964,32367,35226,35706,38386,37554,37264,39707,39631,40146,41820,45030,43161,43443,48593,46381,48036,46780,44324,48583,29.8,33.6 " Commercial",31734,33119,31457,34355,35663,37217,37441,38161,39792,41968,43855,43135,44244,49561,47358,49977,50631,52043,51770,50329,51437,32.6,35.5 " Industrial",39299,39712,40898,40249,41765,42251,42423,42837,43377,41972,40939,40780,39288,43042,48008,45888,44916,45430,45503,41507,44180,30.4,30.5 " Other",7672,8074,7798,7956,8356,8377,8572,8692,8820,9111,9756,10298,9886,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",7.2,"-"

258

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Idaho" Idaho" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",5626,5971,5739,6245,6222,6193,6508,6628,6610,6806,7006,6906,7056,7090,7314,7601,8057,8339,8540,8554,8137,30.7,35.7 " Commercial",4894,4865,5340,4969,5638,5291,5883,5969,6005,6450,7068,6543,6963,5466,5484,5615,5813,6015,6049,6005,5865,31,25.7 " Industrial",7165,6909,7551,7222,7647,7843,9042,9481,9193,9171,8408,7305,6352,8663,9011,8636,8891,9401,9313,8195,8796,36.8,38.6 " Other",318,301,379,284,373,293,348,316,268,296,352,342,329,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.5,"-"

259

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Ohio" Ohio" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",37889,40942,39141,41950,41791,44010,44573,43635,44516,46629,46488,47346,50864,49621,50300,53904,51375,54376,53411,51405,54474,28.1,35.3 " Commercial",30541,32325,31818,33299,34053,35549,36034,36373,38472,39461,40757,39372,39924,44737,45313,46870,46141,48129,47310,45370,46526,24.7,30.2 " Industrial",69682,67856,69674,68831,74010,74473,73394,73888,72998,74293,74019,65099,58472,57828,58558,59354,55869,59219,58621,49486,53109,44.8,34.5 " Other",4354,4534,4383,4491,4522,4592,4585,4612,3807,3888,3930,3981,4148,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",2.4,"-"

260

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Carolina" Carolina" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",18258,18707,18940,20687,19903,21392,22514,21611,23558,23699,25270,24875,26787,26422,27910,28676,28539,29569,29727,29556,32852,32.8,39.8 " Commercial",11927,12209,12375,13177,13393,14020,14545,14806,16370,16585,17483,17484,18157,19336,20113,20498,20923,21746,21676,21440,22320,22.7,27.1 " Industrial",24701,25361,26305,26867,27760,28819,29185,31278,31606,32117,33308,31528,31926,31296,31886,32080,31416,30632,29247,25421,27307,43.2,33.1 " Other",766,793,781,802,802,843,843,840,920,903,951,946,950,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.2,"-"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Rhode Island" Rhode Island" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",2376,2369,2363,2412,2457,2472,2481,2486,2522,2667,2664,2699,2829,2998,3000,3171,3008,3132,3043,2937,3118,36.5,40 " Commercial",2492,2474,2481,2532,2563,2625,2607,2697,2731,3171,3166,3240,3316,3490,3542,3628,3599,3710,3700,3691,3693,43.4,47.4 " Industrial",1354,1363,1359,1419,1378,1374,1351,1386,1458,1158,1394,1386,1331,1309,1345,1250,1191,1171,1075,990,961,19.1,12.3 " Other",196,197,190,186,174,165,165,174,177,154,78,68,85,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.1,"-"

262

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nevada" Nevada" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",5540,5782,6064,6281,6845,6655,7526,7801,7975,8386,9406,9607,9702,10340,10673,11080,11978,12390,12061,11880,11615,33.8,34.4 " Commercial",3866,3987,4175,4298,4612,4731,5150,5454,5655,6049,6548,6693,7538,8168,8275,8516,8975,9352,9304,8950,8970,23.6,26.6 " Industrial",6263,6173,6723,7181,7775,8496,9075,10034,10518,10861,11239,11239,11373,11624,12364,12897,13625,13893,13820,13445,13180,40.4,39 " Other",684,684,734,740,805,777,823,930,889,958,598,628,592,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",2.2,"-"

263

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Connecticut" Connecticut" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",10376,10441,10496,10597,10898,10760,10943,10859,10935,11619,11645,11975,12473,13178,13211,13803,12963,13372,12730,12578,13065,38.9,43 " Commercial",10342,10544,10485,10677,10845,10926,11172,11278,11683,11834,11932,12442,12614,13094,13455,13949,13611,15126,13665,13257,13428,39.8,44.2 " Industrial",6100,5822,5780,5597,5917,5913,5928,5919,5838,5836,5811,5572,5370,5366,5358,5153,4926,5433,4371,3692,3713,19.4,12.2 " Other",369,364,367,368,366,370,374,376,500,515,564,552,548,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.9,"-"

264

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Montana" Montana" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",3358,3459,3286,3598,3567,3640,3911,3804,3722,3664,3908,3886,4031,4120,4053,4221,4394,4542,4669,4774,4743,26.8,35.3 " Commercial",2738,2819,2859,3026,3096,3133,3299,3293,3313,3025,3792,3866,4003,4438,4330,4473,4686,4828,4826,4779,4789,26,35.7 " Industrial",6529,6622,6414,5837,5961,6368,6306,4537,6774,6258,6568,3370,4463,4267,4574,4784,4735,6163,5831,4773,3891,45,29 " Other",499,507,536,469,561,278,305,284,335,334,312,324,335,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",2.1,"-"

265

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

District of Columbia" District of Columbia" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",1480,1580,1488,1635,1572,1608,1614,1554,1596,1643,1624,1699,1790,1754,1834,1938,1822,1970,1897,1859,2123,15.3,17.9 " Commercial",5073,5238,5227,5418,8093,8079,7905,7925,8051,8146,8332,8539,8645,8639,8994,9296,9030,9519,9290,9714,9209,78.5,77.5 " Industrial",2976,3053,2987,2976,267,262,252,262,262,249,273,281,282,267,282,256,240,297,305,305,230,2.6,1.9 " Other",319,324,341,346,363,366,366,366,372,380,387,362,411,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3.6,"-"

266

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

California" California" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",66575,66017,68121,67359,68866,68783,71396,73086,75205,75303,79241,76668,77202,82926,83361,85610,89836,89158,91231,89799,87257,32.5,33.8 " Commercial",79691,78425,80235,79058,76925,80874,83392,83574,92517,86371,92697,96459,102587,109578,118953,117551,121255,123690,125026,121105,121152,38,46.9 " Industrial",55892,56191,57090,56189,59864,57367,57683,62017,61641,63217,64311,63041,48448,49909,48812,50242,50991,50538,51031,47835,49301,26.4,19.1 " Other",8935,8018,8002,7894,8030,5580,5642,9203,7071,9940,7808,11591,6976,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3.2,"-"

267

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vermont" Vermont" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",1809,1783,1927,1971,2009,1973,2006,1992,1951,1999,2037,2009,2047,2011,2109,2189,2142,2170,2133,2122,2128,36.1,38 " Commercial",1484,1491,1527,1570,1586,1605,1649,1675,1786,1896,1910,1926,1946,1881,1978,2051,2027,2059,2043,1991,2021,33.9,36.1 " Industrial",1381,1390,1440,1431,1435,1484,1537,1561,1534,1587,1646,1608,1592,1460,1577,1644,1626,1635,1565,1383,1446,29.2,25.8 " Other",42,40,47,44,36,42,48,84,92,45,46,42,45,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.8,"-"

268

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dakota" Dakota" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",2954,3096,3020,3209,3243,3384,3602,3437,3272,3307,3390,3480,3664,3707,3663,3796,3853,4067,4259,4449,4393,36,33.9 " Commercial",1795,1876,1752,1831,1884,2237,2378,2300,2305,2350,2554,3071,3404,3800,3843,3994,4127,4215,4460,4558,4714,27.1,36.4 " Industrial",1760,1762,1835,1905,2011,1771,1835,2076,2187,3013,3031,2753,2636,2954,3010,3050,3266,3624,3697,3641,3850,32.2,29.7 " Other",506,521,521,487,542,490,500,469,456,443,438,506,516,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",4.7,"-"

269

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Utah" Utah" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",4246,4460,4505,4726,5009,5041,5481,5661,5756,6236,6514,6693,6938,7166,7325,7567,8232,8752,8786,8725,8834,28.1,31.5 " Commercial",4515,4734,4956,5020,5500,5642,5911,6469,6709,7282,7884,8262,8463,9024,9345,9417,9749,10241,10286,10235,10368,34,37 " Industrial",5766,5876,6212,6221,6498,6957,7660,7430,7511,7568,7917,7411,7019,7646,7816,7989,8356,8759,9086,8594,8808,34.1,31.4 " Other",875,837,894,900,841,820,806,815,724,792,870,851,846,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3.8,"-"

270

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Texas" Texas" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",82548,84088,81934,87686,89793,92831,99656,101094,110434,108591,116895,117343,121435,121355,120330,126562,126843,124921,127712,129797,137161,36.7,38.3 " Commercial",62238,61447,61696,64331,66467,68580,70866,72042,77231,79388,84848,87912,87746,96694,99616,110784,111130,110540,113473,118497,121467,26.7,33.9 " Industrial",84087,84122,85421,86933,90329,90093,95308,100429,102702,99741,101588,98208,102251,104547,100588,96841,104689,108300,105806,96931,99754,31.9,27.8

271

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Iowa" Iowa" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",10513,11159,10290,11103,11062,11640,11537,11673,11855,11867,12029,12430,12921,12768,12625,13571,13344,14060,14073,13723,14555,30.8,32 " Commercial",6727,7123,7019,7269,7477,7607,7338,7594,8034,8269,8375,8512,8803,11637,10840,11271,11660,12084,12178,11706,12025,21.4,26.5 " Industrial",11392,11684,12134,12465,13224,13771,14789,15531,16079,16499,17127,16238,16548,16803,17437,17915,18331,19125,19237,18211,18865,43.8,41.5 " Other",804,815,765,1267,1276,1284,1335,1350,1350,1399,1558,2264,2626,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",4,"-"

272

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Georgia" Georgia" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",29933,30187,30528,33867,32735,35812,37763,36831,41519,41767,44560,44380,48600,48174,51124,52827,54521,56223,55587,55158,61554,37.4,43.8 " Commercial",22868,23241,23715,25169,26161,27741,29140,30200,32766,34093,36951,37839,38887,40554,42316,44663,45547,46997,46876,46080,47897,31,34 " Industrial",26717,27193,28197,29084,29942,31493,33175,33957,35077,35255,36085,33941,34603,34768,35846,34602,34588,34054,32529,29348,31047,30.3,22.1 " Other",922,919,952,1071,1075,1145,1229,1262,1358,1541,1589,1631,1699,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.3,"-"

273

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Tennessee" Tennessee" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",28757,29605,29498,30199,32797,30967,35333,33367,35428,35425,36622,36932,38752,37697,38526,41132,40816,42880,41947,40117,45191,38.3,43.7 " Commercial",12128,12097,6470,5175,5154,5176,5548,24745,24840,25228,25757,25974,26523,27481,28249,29146,29033,29985,29418,27962,29399,26.9,28.4 " Industrial",35313,35667,41695,43530,43614,44828,45781,27710,30461,31493,32289,32149,31845,32278,32885,33625,34081,33850,32804,26569,28930,33.7,27.9 " Other",947,1021,922,928,968,1060,996,1095,1021,1035,1060,1077,1113,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.1,"-"

274

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Arizona" Arizona" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",15378,15641,16230,16705,18212,18036,19746,20683,21611,22517,24844,26200,26413,27742,28921,30544,32367,34437,33236,32847,32448,40.6,44.6 " Commercial",13731,13982,14468,14813,15625,16290,17252,17788,18440,19776,21411,22045,22371,25425,26106,27468,28626,30475,30162,29386,28943,35,39.7 " Industrial",10034,10405,11055,10989,11303,11992,12783,13253,12549,12456,11975,11377,11026,10914,11906,11379,12259,12281,12869,11200,11442,19.6,15.7 " Other",2327,1820,1898,1901,2142,2272,2303,2732,3244,2912,2900,2652,2791,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",4.7,"-"

275

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

United States" United States" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",924019,955417,935939,994781,1008482,1042501,1082512,1075880,1130109,1144923,1192446,1201607,1265180,1275824,1291982,1359227,1351520,1392241,1379981,1364474,1445708,34.9,38.5 " Commercial",751027,765664,761271,794573,820269,862685,887445,928633,979401,1001996,1055232,1083069,1104497,1198728,1230425,1275079,1299744,1336315,1335981,1307168,1330199,30.8,35.4 " Industrial",945522,946583,972714,977164,1007981,1012693,1033631,1038197,1051203,1058217,1064239,996609,990238,1012373,1017850,1019156,1011298,1027832,1009300,917442,970873,31.1,25.9

276

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oklahoma" Oklahoma" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",17077,15325,14254,15901,16128,16319,17303,17376,19511,18301,19640,19796,19927,20162,19699,21309,21690,21361,21861,21641,23689,39.6,41 " Commercial",11634,10587,10338,10824,11121,11115,11553,11754,12459,12398,13115,13552,13097,16958,17020,17477,18197,18634,19022,18662,19005,26.5,32.9 " Industrial",11764,11415,11599,11699,11721,11714,12160,12802,13175,13271,13935,13356,12898,13308,14223,14920,15018,15198,15395,14233,15152,28.1,26.2 " Other",2029,2078,2076,2107,2173,2244,2276,2521,2752,2766,2874,2963,3564,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",5.8,"-"

277

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Florida" Florida" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",71115,72814,73189,76827,80595,85770,88315,87845,95768,93846,99006,101377,108164,112650,112203,115791,117053,117816,113937,115474,122245,50.6,52.9 " Commercial",51342,52441,52620,54876,57447,60079,60988,63337,67346,69055,72130,73958,77561,85257,86765,89410,91300,93931,93205,92275,91614,36.8,39.6 " Industrial",16605,16482,16497,16298,16513,16473,17212,18266,18448,18579,18884,19854,18959,19375,19518,19676,19768,19241,18945,16918,17265,9.6,7.5 " Other",4473,4599,4704,4747,4989,5171,5317,5593,5792,5790,5824,5563,5789,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3,"-"

278

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oregon" Oregon" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",15380,15949,15202,16696,16462,16315,17285,17185,17529,18058,18212,17503,17554,17736,18001,18339,18978,19374,19910,19804,18839,36.2,40.9 " Commercial",11319,11614,11818,12205,12660,12900,13388,14047,14324,14912,15289,14816,14902,15483,15667,15380,16083,16187,16313,15978,15454,30.4,33.6 " Industrial",15498,15297,15123,15012,15072,15839,17029,16880,14640,14106,16353,13084,12296,11961,11954,12684,12991,13117,12945,11761,11708,32.5,25.4 " Other",780,791,766,664,777,672,708,440,414,468,476,481,503,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.9,"-"

279

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dakota" Dakota" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",2866,3040,2843,3109,3147,3268,3426,3376,3303,3302,3423,3580,3733,3740,3696,3973,4051,4261,4406,4511,4628,41.3,40.8 " Commercial",1450,1522,1518,1621,1919,2088,2179,2207,2263,2291,2422,2915,3062,3713,3627,3998,4054,4181,4240,4238,4368,29.2,38.5 " Industrial",1657,1726,1777,1847,1762,1722,1785,1841,1868,1949,2003,1666,1604,1627,1891,1840,1952,2161,2328,2260,2360,24.2,20.8 " Other",361,397,356,327,346,335,346,349,390,381,435,465,538,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",5.3,"-"

280

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Hawaii" Hawaii" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",2324,2396,2438,2469,2557,2606,2676,2668,2641,2689,2765,2802,2898,3028,3162,3164,3182,3201,3085,3055,2989,28.5,29.8 " Commercial",2194,2298,2356,2363,2543,2721,2761,2782,2776,2887,3036,3129,3168,3517,3632,3463,3490,3520,3501,3388,3355,31.3,33.5 " Industrial",3734,3773,3811,3770,3791,3803,3884,3856,3787,3748,3834,3790,3770,3846,3937,3912,3896,3864,3804,3683,3672,39.6,36.7 " Other",58,58,61,56,58,57,58,57,57,57,56,63,55,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.6,"-"

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281

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Missouri" Missouri" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",21652,23386,21294,24182,24057,25409,26448,26595,28265,27766,29581,30168,31684,31422,31351,34412,33880,35872,35390,34221,37302,40.7,43.3 " Commercial",18469,19112,18792,19914,20614,21606,22522,22864,23920,24111,25875,26029,26796,27987,28391,29640,29800,31126,31118,30394,31431,35.6,36.5 " Industrial",12937,13114,13440,13618,14106,14321,14915,15267,15801,16122,16080,15815,15341,14831,14303,16869,18316,18515,17850,15050,17330,22.1,20.1 " Other",866,902,885,908,916,923,958,985,1024,1046,1106,1201,1179,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.5,"-"

282

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pennsylvania" Pennsylvania" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",38164,39598,39245,41455,42239,42802,43645,42785,42923,44126,45008,46030,48730,49651,50663,53661,51790,54587,54060,52906,55253,33.6,37.1 " Commercial",29159,30553,30779,32252,33395,34544,35396,35925,37246,37596,42002,40553,42632,43218,44355,45782,45624,47531,47347,46411,47366,31.4,31.8 " Industrial",45992,44728,44869,44949,46076,47528,47208,48063,48815,46059,45449,47383,47090,46773,47659,47950,47920,48579,48131,43552,45458,34,30.5 " Other",1435,1459,1394,1325,1336,1377,1375,1304,1223,1102,1387,1306,1368,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1,"-"

283

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nebraska" Nebraska" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",6800,7138,6561,7226,7379,7597,7741,7989,8160,7929,8346,8638,8956,8852,8757,9309,9294,9748,9749,9627,10107,34.3,33.9 " Commercial",5086,5291,5266,5471,5809,5986,6272,6500,6594,6661,7041,7232,7384,8583,8501,8848,9006,9396,9438,9314,9532,28.9,31.9 " Industrial",4618,4690,4752,4963,5345,5802,6193,6580,6916,6883,7276,7328,7563,8421,8618,8819,8977,9104,9624,9511,10210,29.9,34.2 " Other",1364,1486,1204,1089,1340,1508,1291,1514,1475,1336,1686,1525,1758,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",6.9,"-"

284

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Delaware" Delaware" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",2651,2824,2786,3044,3107,3168,3271,3257,3339,3532,3575,3734,4020,4190,4305,4594,4259,4470,4428,4335,4760,31.7,41 " Commercial",2311,2420,2445,2605,2685,2842,2911,3068,3227,3353,4050,3605,3787,3886,4033,4238,4196,4321,4339,4185,4320,35.9,37.2 " Industrial",3272,3241,3248,3417,3447,3511,3399,3741,3779,3613,3601,3978,4151,4523,3423,3305,3100,3078,2982,2738,2526,31.9,21.8 " Other",50,51,53,56,60,58,59,56,53,54,49,62,60,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.4,"-"

285

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Virginia" Virginia" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",28130,29607,29780,32472,32343,33472,34651,33923,34703,35779,37541,37325,40358,40877,42503,44662,42906,45481,44597,44763,48439,38.8,42.6 " Commercial",20213,21230,21610,22727,22948,24028,24565,24905,26176,26968,28299,29066,29999,41179,43025,44670,44654,46971,46878,46828,48037,29.3,42.2 " Industrial",16399,16029,16714,17390,18154,18554,19021,19249,20024,20269,20619,19702,19521,19282,19734,19354,18998,18925,18438,16678,17141,21.3,15.1 " Other",7955,8245,8345,8783,8766,9109,9359,9342,9705,10017,10256,10360,10740,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",10.6,"-"

286

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Washington" Washington" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",28809,29889,28436,30932,29673,30147,32012,31749,31362,32817,33036,31608,32066,31872,32455,33212,34439,35389,36336,36753,34907,34.2,38.6 " Commercial",17683,18143,18727,19531,19752,20401,21451,21600,22248,23009,23991,23841,24310,28039,28226,28100,28580,29599,29878,30055,28833,24.9,31.9 " Industrial",40712,40839,38332,36563,34065,34276,31247,33956,37616,39499,35410,19339,15792,18180,19259,22112,22013,20753,21117,23354,26633,36.7,29.5 " Other",3842,3842,3825,3447,3643,3528,3713,3627,3645,3706,4075,3707,3237,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",4.2,"-"

287

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

West Virginia" West Virginia" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",7578,8106,8138,8682,8663,9166,9277,9027,9053,9452,9738,9828,10444,10473,10756,11384,11014,11749,11763,11588,12443,35.2,38.8 " Commercial",4991,5219,5228,5480,5539,5852,5936,5944,6208,6473,6796,6786,7039,7136,7217,7452,7377,7769,7716,7694,7962,24.5,24.9 " Industrial",10469,10206,10370,10187,10482,10867,10820,11180,11161,11126,11083,10978,10902,10687,10942,11312,13916,14661,14738,10985,11623,40,36.3 " Other",94,94,95,92,92,92,94,96,89,92,76,78,78,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.3,"-"

288

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Alabama" Alabama" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",20719,21293,21137,22628,23159,24314,25634,24893,27327,27048,28756,27802,30022,29416,30109,31315,32277,32783,32185,31489,35529,34.4,39.1 " Commercial",10979,11349,10917,11254,11844,12284,13328,16397,17662,18145,19057,18868,19666,20411,21166,21608,22120,22873,22533,21918,22984,22.8,25.3 " Industrial",27618,27985,29476,30524,31919,32847,33523,32617,33539,34533,35034,31949,32615,34017,35595,36279,36281,36172,34990,29437,32350,41.9,35.6 " Other",610,599,637,652,659,561,620,646,644,676,677,739,764,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.8,"-"

289

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Louisiana" Louisiana" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",21434,21577,21188,22430,22629,24116,24311,24502,26709,26426,27719,25800,28157,28572,28863,28654,28113,28878,28846,29747,32679,34.4,38.4 " Commercial",13814,13970,13839,14398,15041,15575,15920,16222,17274,17581,18225,17722,18686,21944,22568,21692,21979,22887,22939,23301,24203,22.6,28.4 " Industrial",25862,26584,27466,28439,29870,30692,32544,32493,30999,31484,31950,28574,29662,27251,28290,27031,27373,27799,26932,25613,28187,39.6,33.1 " Other",2716,2573,2605,2488,2593,2444,2494,2669,2734,2776,2795,2596,2756,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3.5,"-"

290

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Alaska" Alaska" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",1661,1603,1640,1629,1688,1713,1766,1726,1768,1866,1855,1891,1932,1987,2062,2062,2120,2114,2129,2117,2093,34.9,33.5 " Commercial",1972,2005,2035,2062,2155,2200,2250,2181,2307,2385,2236,2289,2238,2473,2601,2695,2819,2828,2851,2841,2830,42.1,45.3 " Industrial",459,466,504,501,511,546,584,756,818,844,1037,1079,1088,1104,1126,1156,1243,1384,1344,1311,1324,19.5,21.2 " Other",161,182,160,182,179,172,179,178,202,198,182,194,207,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3.4,"-"

291

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kansas" Kansas" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",9515,9933,8873,9986,10131,10356,10672,10862,11832,11347,12528,12062,12745,12602,12417,13406,13503,13806,13392,13149,14334,34.9,35.5 " Commercial",9169,9551,9400,9753,10111,10273,11005,11424,12073,11822,12511,12787,13392,13751,13831,14453,14786,15474,15358,15007,15436,34.8,38.2 " Industrial",8087,8284,8451,8702,9001,9356,9231,9365,9762,10215,10222,10569,10195,10382,10879,11165,11462,10885,10766,10087,10651,28.5,26.3 " Other",378,384,346,367,371,372,383,618,473,436,660,429,381,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.8,"-"

292

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kentucky" Kentucky" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",16814,18644,17787,19223,19481,20537,21353,20998,21669,22548,23374,23698,25347,24704,25187,26947,25949,28004,27562,26525,29137,29.8,31.1 " Commercial",9252,9900,9576,9829,10095,10524,10659,12169,12729,13222,13933,14338,14745,17946,18443,19091,18941,20035,19669,18696,19411,17.8,20.7 " Industrial",32543,32939,37084,36320,40049,40490,41930,40600,38260,40054,37689,38676,43812,42570,42891,43314,43853,44366,46198,43588,45022,48.1,48.1 " Other",2488,2711,2622,2777,2861,2997,3077,3069,3192,3274,3320,3263,3362,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",4.2,"-"

293

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mississippi" Mississippi" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",12266,12518,12422,13200,13642,14181,14965,14817,16392,16321,17193,16856,17844,17670,17580,17953,18276,18566,18294,18095,20175,37.9,40.6 " Commercial",6746,6832,6732,6685,7094,7539,7913,9955,10781,11151,11451,11357,11773,12593,12750,12666,12949,13400,13233,13013,13805,25.3,27.8 " Industrial",12454,13024,13491,14229,15256,15477,16043,14622,14599,15735,15856,15268,15021,15281,15702,15282,15712,16187,16195,14940,15707,35,31.6 " Other",661,646,596,635,635,671,702,694,738,772,836,805,815,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.8,"-"

294

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Arkansas" Arkansas" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",10558,11001,10440,11762,11642,12417,12934,12990,14339,14045,14871,15104,15527,15598,15619,17134,17065,17415,17392,16986,19231,35.7,39.9 " Commercial",6075,6300,6177,6698,6866,7147,7442,7597,8205,8374,8746,9153,9304,10568,10731,11366,11581,11801,11703,11477,12188,21,25.3 " Industrial",10126,10518,11251,12609,13526,14483,15139,15632,16066,16680,17268,16734,16887,16942,17322,17665,17990,17839,17038,14710,16775,41.5,34.8 " Other",606,622,583,594,585,625,621,638,705,690,726,741,731,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.7,"-"

295

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Michigan" Michigan" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",25319,26760,25671,26770,27174,28623,28901,28726,29808,30661,30707,32305,34336,33669,33104,36095,34622,35366,34297,32854,34681,29.3,33.5 " Commercial",20610,21455,21208,28930,30412,31306,32038,32411,33840,35096,35867,35025,35880,35391,38632,39600,39299,40047,38974,37870,38123,34.2,36.8 " Industrial",35062,35007,35657,30572,32717,33921,34499,35430,35983,37276,37268,34174,33537,39813,34867,34745,34093,33879,32505,27391,30841,35.6,29.8 " Other",1376,1298,1304,1316,857,852,863,824,875,948,930,905,960,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.9,"-"

296

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Wisconsin" Wisconsin" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",16385,17349,16615,17373,17660,18635,18685,18510,19087,19502,19929,20418,21575,21364,21192,22458,21779,22374,21976,21421,22299,30.6,32.4 " Commercial",12698,13309,13243,13710,14378,14893,15433,15730,16193,17638,18321,18678,19144,20056,19349,22501,22756,23491,23473,22476,23001,28.1,33.5 " Industrial",19405,19686,20382,21410,22714,23690,23871,25103,26040,25665,26162,25370,25534,25821,27435,25376,25286,25436,24672,22390,23452,40.2,34.1 " Other",710,688,686,662,659,749,755,751,741,743,734,752,746,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.1,"-"

297

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Maryland" Maryland" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",19102,20295,19762,21546,21666,22234,22986,21937,22407,23342,23949,24294,25489,26671,27952,28440,26905,28195,27144,26945,28934,39.5,44.3 " Commercial",10452,10667,10770,11317,13254,23096,23126,23419,24284,24988,25804,26244,21044,16950,17264,17932,29729,30691,30003,29806,30771,42.5,47.1 " Industrial",19308,19448,19768,20201,19037,10057,10098,10128,10344,9936,10066,10177,20875,27176,21195,21517,6057,5980,5650,5286,5083,16.6,7.8 " Other",672,697,689,809,794,771,787,781,799,819,858,926,972,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.4,"-"

298

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Maine" Maine" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",3932,3817,3830,3872,3692,3629,3679,3659,3589,3704,3737,3903,4043,4219,4331,4503,4351,4413,4351,4360,4372,30.7,37.9 " Commercial",2673,2685,2730,2868,2812,2835,3212,3279,3324,3491,3712,3779,3789,3959,4325,4157,4134,4195,4148,4071,4101,30.5,35.6 " Industrial",4750,4709,4753,5040,4952,4959,4772,4957,4622,4687,4551,4413,3550,3793,3711,3702,3800,3252,3175,2852,3059,37.4,26.5 " Other",174,171,171,172,151,138,64,63,63,61,163,57,59,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.3,"-"

299

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Minnesota" Minnesota" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",14858,15655,14848,15597,16007,16974,17157,17073,17378,17998,18629,19400,20451,20638,20507,21743,21909,22646,22355,22034,22465,31.2,33.1 " Commercial",8086,8417,8291,8535,8997,9700,10115,10137,10436,10909,11580,19799,19457,20533,20407,21985,22175,22523,22604,22311,22515,19.4,33.2 " Industrial",23497,23938,23557,24384,25451,26577,26934,27713,28214,27764,28842,20767,21515,21916,22415,22266,22664,23041,23810,19637,22798,48.2,33.6 " Other",727,745,716,694,701,707,735,750,716,729,730,721,740,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.2,"-"

300

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Massachusetts" Massachusetts" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",15581,15379,15560,15785,16049,15993,16256,16278,16388,17392,17562,17984,18695,19591,19769,20539,19624,20138,19638,19475,21409,33.9,37.5 " Commercial",18565,18517,18629,18897,19371,19894,20346,20834,21422,21489,23033,24127,24250,25648,26020,26415,26237,27148,26582,17775,18243,44.5,31.9 " Industrial",10157,9794,9663,9605,9710,10026,10085,10148,10212,9966,10533,9757,10087,9984,9947,9871,9602,9450,9332,16754,17116,20.3,30 " Other",1138,1107,1146,994,961,598,607,622,585,560,644,629,676,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.2,"-"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

South Dakota No 2 Diesel Ultra Low Sulfur Less than 15 ppm Retail ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

South Dakota No 2 Diesel Ultra Low Sulfur Less than 15 ppm Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day)

302

SPP marketing flyer for retail | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

marketing flyer for retail marketing flyer for retail Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

303

Impact of Variety and Distribution System Characteristics on Inventory Levels at U.S. Retailers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past six decades, numerous analytical models have been developed to determine optimal inventory levels. These models predict that inventories carried by a retailer should be a function of the product variety carried by the retailer, distribution ... Keywords: econometric analysis, empirical research, inventory, retailing, supply chain management

Sampath Rajagopalan

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Effect of Traffic on Sales and Conversion Rates of Retail Stores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Attracting shoppers to stores and converting the incoming traffic into sales profitably are vital for the financial health of retailers. In this paper, we use proprietary data pertaining to an apparel retailer to study the relationship between store ... Keywords: retail operations, store labor management, store performance, traffic uncertainty, traffic variability

Olga Perdikaki; Saravanan Kesavan; Jayashankar M. Swaminathan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Modelling and simulating retail management practices: a first approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-agent systems offer a new and exciting way of understanding the world of work. We apply agent-based modeling and simulation to investigate a set of problems in a retail context. Specifically, we are working to understand the relationship between people management practices on the shop-floor and retail performance. Despite the fact we are working within a relatively novel and complex domain, it is clear that using an agent-based approach offers great potential for improving organizational capabilities in the future. Our multi-disciplinary research team has worked closely with one of the UK's top ten retailers to collect data and build an understanding of shop-floor operations and the key actors in a department (customers, staff, and managers). Based on this case study we have built and tested our first version of a retail branch agent-based simulation model where we have focused on how we can simulate the effects of people management practices on customer satisfaction and sales. In our experiments we hav...

Siebers, Peer-Olaf; Celia, Helen; Clegg, Chris

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Impact of liberalization on Italian retail gas prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper aims to analyze the effects deriving from the liberalization process in the Italian natural gas market carried out by the Italian government through the legislative decree n. 164/2000. More specifically, the objective is to analyze the competitiveness ... Keywords: Italian gas market liberalization, import gas prices, linear regression analysis, natural gas retail prices

Guendalina Capece; Livio Cricelli; Francesca Di Pillo; Nathan Levialdi

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Efficient Retail Pricing in Electricity and Natural Gas Markets: A Familiar Problem with New Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A long line of research investigates whether the retail prices of electricity and natural gas send proper signals about scarcity in order to induce efficient consumption. Historically, regulated utilities have not designed tariffs that set marginal prices equal to marginal costs. Currently, some jurisdictions are opening the retail sectors of the gas and electricity industry to competition via “retail choice”. These new regimes replace imperfect regulation with imperfect competition as the process by which retail tariffs are formed. We discuss the challenges in evaluating the efficiency of these new pricing regimes and present descriptive evidence of how pricing has changed in markets with retail choice.

Steven L. Puller; Jeremy West

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Business Case for E85 Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Business Case Equipment Options Equipment Installation

309

Energy Distribution of a Charged Regular  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the energy distribution of a charged regular black hole by using the energy-momentum complexes of Einstein and Møller.

Black Hole; I. Radinschi

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Metric regularity and systems of generalized equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the variational analysis community, the importance of this feature of Milyutin's extension of ..... There exist strong relations between regularity properties. 11 ...

311

Canonical Forms for Symmetric and Regular Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Matrices associated with symmetric and regular structures can be arranged into certain block patterns known as Canonical forms. Using such forms, the decomposition of structural matrices into block diagonal forms, is considerably simplified. In this ... Keywords: 15A18, 74S05, Block diagonalization, Decomposition, Group theory, Matrix canonical form, Regular structure, Symmetric structure

Ali Kaveh; H. Fazli

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Regular Gasoline Rack Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, ... History; U.S.-----1994-2013: East Coast (PADD 1) ... Alabama-----1994-2013: Arkansas-----

313

Reliant Energy Retail Services LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Services LLC Services LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Reliant Energy Retail Services LLC Place Texas Utility Id 15847 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC Location TRE NERC ERCOT Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 12 (e-sense Time-Of with 20% Wind) Residential Basic Power Plan - 12 (Commercial Service) Commercial One Rate For Business Commercial POLR (Residential Service) Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1360/kWh Commercial: $0.1370/kWh Industrial: $0.0680/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

314

Mirage: Mitigating Illicit Inventorying in a RFID Enabled Retail Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given its low dollar and maintenance cost, RFID is poised to become the enabling technology for inventory control and supply chain management. However, as an outcome of its low cost, RFID based inventory control is susceptible to pernicious security and privacy threats. A deleterious attack on such a system is corporate espionage, where attackers through illicit inventorying infer sales and restocking trends for products. In this paper, we first present plausible aftermaths of corporate espionage using real data from online sources. Second, to mitigate corporate espionage in a retail store environment, we present a simple lowcost system called Mirage. Mirage uses additional programmable low cost passive RFID tags called honeytokens to inject noise in retail store inven-torying. Using a simple history based algorithm that controls activation and de-activation of honeytokens, Mirage randomizes sales and restocking trends. We evaluate Mirage in a real warehouse environment using a commercial off-the-shelf Motoro...

White, Jonathan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Municipal Aggregation and Retail Competition in the Ohio Energy Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ohio allows communities to vote to aggregate the loads of individual consumers (unless they opt out) in order to seek a competitive energy supplier. Over 200 communities have voted to do this for electricity. By 2004 residential switching reached 69 % in Cleveland territory (95 % from municipal aggregation) but by 2006 had fallen to 8%. Savings are now small, but customer acquisition costs are low and the cost to consumers is negligible. Aggregation and retail competition have been thwarted by Rate Stabilization Plans holding incumbent utility prices below cost since 2006. In the Ohio gas sector, rate regulation has not discouraged aggregation and competition, but market prices falling below municipally negotiated rates can be politically embarrassing. How municipal aggregation would fare against individual choice in a market conducive to retail competition is an open question, but the policy deserves consideration elsewhere.

Stephen Littlechild; Stephen Littlechild

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Retail Electric Competition: A Blueprint for Consumer Protection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retail Electric Competition: Retail Electric Competition: A Blueprint for Consumer Protection Barbara Reid Alexander Consumer Affairs Consultant 15 Wedgewood Drive Winthrop, Maine 04364 October 1998 This report was prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy, Chicago Regional Support Office (Purchase Order DE-AP45-97R553188). Funding was provided by the Department of Energy’s Office of Power Technologies, Ofiice of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ii This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information,

317

Commercial Grade Dedication RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The objective of this Standard Review Plan (SRP) on Commercial Grade Dedication (CGD) is to provide guidance for a uniform review of the CGD activities for office of Environmental Management...

318

Will electricity market reform likely reduce retail rates?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To win public support, proponents for electricity market reform to introduce competition often promise that the post-reform retail rates will be lower than the average embedded cost rates that would have prevailed under the status quo of a regulated monopoly. A simple economic analysis shows that such a promise is unlikely to occur without the critical assumption that the post-reform market has marginal costs below average costs. (author)

Woo, C.K.; Zarnikau, Jay

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

319

Why Events Overseas Matter to Gasoline Retailers and Consumers  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Attempts to explain how changes in the global supply and demand of crude oil can affect retail gasoline prices in various parts of the country. It does this by exploring 3 recent gasoline price spikes: Spring 2001, March 2003, and August 2003. The presentation compares and contrasts these price spikes in order to give the audience an understanding of the various reasons behind gasoline price increases.

Information Center

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Commercial Reference Building: Stand-alone Retail | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stand-alone Retail Stand-alone Retail Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Stand-alone Retail for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Optimal regularity for the Signorini problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove under general assumptions that solutions of the thin obstacle or Signorini problem in any space dimension achieve the optimal regularity $C^{1,1/2}$. This improves the known optimal regularity results by allowing the thin obstacle to be defined in an arbitrary $C^{1,\\beta}$ hypersurface, $\\beta>1/2$, additionally, our proof covers any linear elliptic operator in divergence form with smooth coefficients. The main ingredients of the proof are a version of Almgren's monotonicity formula and the optimal regularity of global solutions.

Guillen, Nestor

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

An Optimal Algorithm for Purging Regular Schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A joint application of four optimizing transformations for purging imperative programs—elimination of useless statements, unwinding of degenerate loops, removal from loops, and removal from branch statements—is considered. A model of regular ...

D. L. Uvarov

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This effect can explain some of the seemingly anomalous behavior of retail prices in relation to wholesale. ... Also, many have claimed that gasoline prices rise ...

324

Sweetener Market Data Historical Deliveries by Use - Retail | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail Retail Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Sweetener Market Data Historical Deliveries by Use - Retail Dataset Summary Description Sweetener Market Data (SMD) report - beet and cane processors and cane refiners in the U.S. are required by the FAIR Act of 1996, as amended, to report data on physical quantities delivered by use for "Retail Grocers and Chain Stores" on a monthly basis. Quantities are reported by region. Regions include: "New England", "Mid Atlantic", "North Central", "South", "West" and "Puerto Rico". Tags {sweetener,beet,cane,"sweetener processor","sweetener refiner","sweetener production "}

325

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

say that, among commercial electricity rates in California,to optimize their electricity rate both before and after PVcompared to retail electricity rates. The importance of

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Refiner Retail Price of No. 4 Fuel Oil - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

History; U.S. W: W : W : W ... Alabama-- - - - - 1994-2012: Arkansas-- ... Retail prices and Prime Supplier sales values shown for the current month ...

327

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How Effective State Net Metering Laws Can Revolutionalizebe of importance. The value of net metering is found to beRetail rate design, Net metering Introduction The solar

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Edgeworth Price Cycles, Cost-based Pricing and Sticky Pricing in Retail Gasoline Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetrically to Crude Oil Price Changes? ”, QuarterlyS. , A. Shepard. “Sticky Prices, Inventories, and MarketGas Wars: Retail Gasoline Price Fluctua- tions”, Review of

Noel, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

The determinants of the governance of air conditioning maintenance in Australian retail centres.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Retail centres are a visible sign of developed capitalist societies and make an appreciable contribution to these economies. For the firms involved in supplying air… (more)

Bridge, Adrian J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the annual electricity bill savings that would bebasic results on the electricity bill-savings value ofbill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity

Mills, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the annual electricity bill savings that would bebasic results on the electricity bill-savings value ofbill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Upgrading Below Grade Spaces  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Patrick H. Huelman, Sam Breidenbach, Steve Schirber Patrick H. Huelman, Sam Breidenbach, Steve Schirber NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership Upgrading Below Grade Spaces Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder March 1, 2012 Austin, TX * Act 1: Technical Challenges & Opportunities - Pat Huelman, University of Minnesota * Act 2: Assessing Homeowner Priorities & Risks - Sam Breidenbach, TDS Custom Construction * Act 3: An Industry Perspective - Steve Schirber, Cocoon Act 1. Upgrade Below Grade * Basement Remodeling: It Doesn't Get Any Riskier! - Combustion safety - Foundation moisture - Radon (& other soil gases) - Biologicals (mold, dust mites, etc.) - Garage gases (if attached) * And front and center are uncontrolled... - negative pressures in basements (beyond stack)

333

Microsoft Word - HZEB_Retail_InterimReport_Final.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

! ! ! Healthy!Zero!Energy!Buildings!(HZEB)!Program-! ! ! Interim!Report!on!Cross"Sectional!Study!of!Contaminant!! ! ! Levels,!Source!Strengths,!and!Ventilation!Rates!in!Retail!Stores! ! ! ! ! Wanyu!R.!Chan,!Meera!Sidheswaran,!Douglas!Sullivan,!! ! ! Sebastian!Cohn,!William!J.!Fisk!! ! ! ! Environmental!Energy!Technologies!Division! ! ! Indoor!Environment!Group! ! ! Lawrence!Berkeley!National!Laboratory! ! ! Berkeley,!CA!94720! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! November!5,!2012! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! The!research!reported!here!was!supported!by!the!California!Energy!Commission! ! ! Public!Interest!Energy!Research!Program,!Energy"Related!Environmental!! ! ! Research!Program,!award!number!500"09"049.!!The!project!was!also!supported! ! ! by!the!U.S.!Dept.!of!Energy!Building!Technologies!Program,!Office!of!Energy!

334

Tracking Market Transitions: Retail Customers and Energy Competition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

U.S. electricity markets have been transitioning in an uneven, but accelerating pace toward competition. Enough experience with competition exists by now to begin to draw from lessons learned. This report summarizes key trends observed in U.S. competitive energy markets to-date, and suggests several trends that are likely to emerge in the near future. Among some of the most important trends observed are the declining number of retail mass-market energy service providers, and the relative lack of differen...

1999-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

335

Traditional Inventory Models in an E-Retailing Setting: A Two-Stage Serial System with Space Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an e-retailing setting, the efficient utilization of inventory, storage space, and labor is paramount to achieving high levels of customer service and company profits. To optimize the storage space and labor, a retailer ...

Allgor, Russell

336

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.93 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2 ...

337

E85 Retail Business Case: When and Why to Sell E85 (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Agenda: {lg_bullet} Convey current state of the retail gasoline market {lg_bullet} Explore E85 as part of the solution {lg_bullet} Test the profitability of E85 as an investment {lg_bullet} Give retailers guidance to assess if E85 would be a good investment for them

Johnson, C.

2007-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

338

Enhancing the 'second-hand' retail experience with digital object memories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For a long time, the second-hand retail market was the preserve of the charity shop. However, the advent of services like eBay has massively increased its prominence. In this paper we describe a novel Internet of Things-based approach to enhancing the ... Keywords: RFID, digital object memory, internet of things, second-hand retail

Martin de Jode; Ralph Barthel; Jon Rogers; Angelina Karpovich; Andrew Hudson-Smith; Michael Quigley; Chris Speed

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

E-BUSINESS FOR THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET A Business to Client perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E-BUSINESS FOR THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET A Business to Client perspective Victor Santos ISCAC - 290 Coimbra, Portugal Email: amartins@deec.uc.pt Keywords: Electrical retail, e-Business, B2B, B2C, real time price. Abstract: In the new deregulated market of the electricity industry the communication

Monteiro, Edmundo

340

Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality Leigh-NE, MISO, XM, RTE, MEC IRW Project: Integrated Retail/Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality 3 #12;4 Meaning of "Smart Grid Functionality"? For our project purposes: Smart-grid functionality

Tesfatsion, Leigh

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality Dionysios of retail and wholesale power markets operating over transmission and distribution networks with smart-grid metering. This study reports on the latter work. Index Terms--Restructured power markets, smart grid

Tesfatsion, Leigh

342

Regularized Robust Coding for Face Recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently the sparse representation based classification (SRC) has been proposed for robust face recognition (FR). In SRC, the testing image is coded as a sparse linear combination of the training samples, and the representation fidelity is measured by the l2-norm or l1-norm of the coding residual. Such a sparse coding model assumes that the coding residual follows Gaussian or Laplacian distribution, which may not be effective enough to describe the coding residual in practical FR systems. Meanwhile, the sparsity constraint on the coding coefficients makes SRC's computational cost very high. In this paper, we propose a new face coding model, namely regularized robust coding (RRC), which could robustly regress a given signal with regularized regression coefficients. By assuming that the coding residual and the coding coefficient are respectively independent and identically distributed, the RRC seeks for a maximum a posterior solution of the coding problem. An iteratively reweighted regularized robust coding (IR...

Meng, Yang; Jian, Yang; Zhang, David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Property:EIA/861/ActivityRetailMarketing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityRetailMarketing ActivityRetailMarketing Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Retail Marketing Entity engages in retail power marketing (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: D Duquesne Light Co Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityRetailMarketing" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3 Phases Energy Services + true + A AP Holdings LLC + true + APN Starfirst, L.P. + true + APNA Energy + true + Accent Energy Holdings, LLC + true + Agway Energy Services, LLC + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Alaska Power and Telephone Co + true + Allegheny Energy Supply Co LLC + true +

344

On the Interactions Between Routing and Inventory-Management Policies in a One-Warehouse N-Retailer Distribution System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the interactions between routing and inventory-management decisions in a two-level supply chain consisting of a cross-docking warehouse and N retailers. Retailer demand is normally distributed and independent across retailers ... Keywords: inventory allocation, inventory replenishment, routing, supply chain

Leroy B. Schwarz; James E. Ward; Xin Zhai

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Advanced Use of the OWL Grade Book  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced Use of the OWL Grade Book #12;Notes Overview The Grade Book has many features to help you organize, release, and compile grades. This manualette will discuss the following advanced Grade Book the Grade Book, creating columns or adding and releasing grades, please see the Basic Use of the OWL Grade

Lennard, William N.

346

Using MMS with the OWL Grade Book  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using MMS with the OWL Grade Book #12;Notes Overview While MMS provides you with an easy way to maintain and manage your students'grades, the OWL Grade Book offers a simple and secure method into the OWL Grade Book, as well as export grades from the OWL Grade Book into MMS. Page 2 Transfer Grades from

Lennard, William N.

347

UNDERCOMPRESSIVE SHOCK WAVES AND THE DAFERMOS REGULARIZATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UNDERCOMPRESSIVE SHOCK WAVES AND THE DAFERMOS REGULARIZATION STEPHEN SCHECTER Abstract solutions that include only shock waves. Shock waves are required to satisfy the viscous profile criterion for a given viscosity (B(u)u x ) x . Undercompressive shock waves are allowed. We also show that all

348

Covariance regularization in inverse space - Optimization Online  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 1, 2009 ... In the present paper, we propose an alternative method for the regularization of ...... in white). The enlarged area in panel corresponds to the dashed square in panel (a) and the ...... 33'? ads 3,6;. With Eq. (92), the ?rst term ...

349

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

SciTech Connect

The Organization of Midwest ISO States (OMS) launched the Midwest Demand Resource Initiative (MWDRI) in 2007 to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) region and develop policies to overcome them. The MWDRI stakeholders decided that a useful initial activity would be to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This additional detail could then be used to assess any"seams issues" affecting coordination and integration of retail DR resources with MISO's wholesale markets. Working with state regulatory agencies, we conducted a detailed survey of existing DR programs, dynamic pricing tariffs, and their features in MISO states. Utilities were asked to provide information on advance notice requirements to customers, operational triggers used to call events (e.g. system emergencies, market conditions, local emergencies), use of these DR resources to meet planning reserves requirements, DR resource availability (e.g., seasonal, annual), participant incentive structures, and monitoring and verification (M&V) protocols. This report describes the results of this comprehensive survey and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into organized wholesale markets. Survey responses from 37 MISO members and 4 non-members provided information on 141 DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs with a peak load reduction potential of 4,727 MW of retail DR resource. Major findings of this study area:- About 72percent of available DR is from interruptible rate tariffs offered to large commercial and industrial customers, while direct load control (DLC) programs account for ~;;18percent. Almost 90percent of the DR resources included in this survey are provided by investor-owned utilities. - Approximately, 90percent of the DR resources are available with less than two hours advance notice and over 1,900 MW can be dispatched on less than thirty minutes notice. These legacy DR programs are increasingly used by utilities for economic in addition to reliability purposes, with over two-thirds (68percent) of these programs callable based on market conditions. - Approximately 60percent of DLC programs and 30percent of interruptible rate programs called ten or more DR events in 2006. Despite the high frequency of DR events, customer complaints remained low. The use of economic criteria to trigger DR events and the flexibility to trigger a large number of events suggests that DR resources can help improve the efficiency of MISO wholesale markets. - Most legacy DR programs offered a reservation payment ($/kW) for participation; incentive payment levels averaged about $5/kW-month for interruptible rate tariffs and $6/kW-month for DLC programs. Few programs offered incentive payments that were explicitly linked to actual load reductions during events and at least 27 DR programs do not have penalties for non-performance. - Measurement and verification (M&V) protocols to estimate load impacts vary significantly across MISO states. Almost half of the DR programs have not been evaluated in recent times and thus performance data for DR events is not available. For many DLC programs, M&V protocols may need to be enhancedin order to allow participation in MISO's proposed EDR schedule. System operators and planners will need to develop more accurate estimates of the load reduced capability and actual performance.

Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Heffner, Grayson; Sedano, Richard

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

350

Lessons and challenges from mining retail e-commerce data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The architecture of Blue Martini Software’s e-commerce suite has supported data collection, transformation, and data mining since its inception. With clickstreams being collected at the application-server layer, high-level events being logged, and data automatically transformed into a data warehouse using meta-data, common problems plaguing data mining using weblogs (e.g. sessionization and conflating multi-sourced data) were obviated, thus allowing us to concentrate on actual data mining goals. We briefly review the architecture and discuss many lessons learned over the last four years and the challenges still facing us. The lessons and challenges are presented across two dimensions: business-level vs. technical, and throughout the data mining lifecycle stages of data collection, data warehouse construction, business intelligence, and deployment. The lessons and challenges are more widely applicable to data mining domains outside retail e-commerce. Keywords: Data mining, data analysis, business intelligence, web analytics, web mining, OLAP,

Ron Kohavi; Llew Mason; Rajesh Parekh; Zijian Zheng

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Regularity of nuclear structure under random interactions  

SciTech Connect

In this contribution I present a brief introduction to simplicity out of complexity in nuclear structure, specifically, the regularity of nuclear structure under random interactions. I exemplify such simplicity by two examples: spin-zero ground state dominance and positive parity ground state dominance in even-even nuclei. Then I discuss two recent results of nuclear structure in the presence of random interactions, in collaboration with Prof. Arima. Firstly I discuss sd bosons under random interactions, with the focus on excited states in the yrast band. We find a few regular patterns in these excited levels. Secondly I discuss our recent efforts towards obtaining eigenvalues without diagonalizing the full matrices of the nuclear shell model Hamiltonian.

Zhao, Y. M. [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

352

Charged fermions tunneling from regular black holes  

SciTech Connect

We study Hawking radiation of charged fermions as a tunneling process from charged regular black holes, i.e., the Bardeen and ABGB black holes. For this purpose, we apply the semiclassical WKB approximation to the general covariant Dirac equation for charged particles and evaluate the tunneling probabilities. We recover the Hawking temperature corresponding to these charged regular black holes. Further, we consider the back-reaction effects of the emitted spin particles from black holes and calculate their corresponding quantum corrections to the radiation spectrum. We find that this radiation spectrum is not purely thermal due to the energy and charge conservation but has some corrections. In the absence of charge, e = 0, our results are consistent with those already present in the literature.

Sharif, M., E-mail: msharif.math@pu.edu.pk; Javed, W., E-mail: wajihajaved84@yahoo.com [University of the Punjab, Department of Mathematics (Pakistan)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

353

Chaos regularization of quantum tunneling rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum tunneling rates through a barrier separating two-dimensional, symmetric, double-well potentials are shown to depend on the classical dynamics of the billiard trajectories in each well and, hence, on the shape of the wells. For shapes that lead to regular (integrable) classical dynamics the tunneling rates fluctuate greatly with eigenenergies of the states sometimes by over two orders of magnitude. Contrarily, shapes that lead to completely chaotic trajectories lead to tunneling rates whose fluctuations are greatly reduced, a phenomenon we call regularization of tunneling rates. We show that a random-plane-wave theory of tunneling accounts for the mean tunneling rates and the small fluctuation variances for the chaotic systems.

Pecora, Louis M.; Wu Dongho [Materials Physics and Sensors, US Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Lee, Hoshik [Department of Physics, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia 23187 (United States); Antonsen, Thomas; Lee, Ming-Jer; Ott, Edward [Physics and Electrical Engineering Departments, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

,"New York Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices",12,"Weekly","12/16/2013","6/5/2000" ,"Release Date:","12/16/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/23/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_gnd_dcus_sny_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_gnd_dcus_sny_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

355

,"New York City Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

City Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" City Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York City Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices",8,"Weekly","12/16/2013","6/5/2000" ,"Release Date:","12/16/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/23/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y35ny_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y35ny_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

356

A regularization approach to hydrofacies delineation  

SciTech Connect

We consider an inverse problem of identifying complex internal structures of composite (geological) materials from sparse measurements of system parameters and system states. Two conceptual frameworks for identifying internal boundaries between constitutive materials in a composite are considered. A sequential approach relies on support vector machines, nearest neighbor classifiers, or geostatistics to reconstruct boundaries from measurements of system parameters and then uses system states data to refine the reconstruction. A joint approach inverts the two data sets simultaneously by employing a regularization approach.

Wohlberg, Brendt [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tartakovsky, Daniel [UNIV OF CALIFORNIA

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Regular black hole in three dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We find a new black hole in three dimensional anti-de Sitter space by introducing an anisotropic perfect fluid inspired by the noncommutative black hole. This is a regular black hole with two horizons. We compare thermodynamics of this black hole with that of non-rotating BTZ black hole. The first-law of thermodynamics is not compatible with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy.

Yun Soo Myung; Myungseok Yoon

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Regular Functors and Relative Realizability Categories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relative realizability toposes that Awodey, Birkedal and Scott introduced in [1] satisfy a universal property that involves regular functors to other categories. We use this universal property to define what relative realizability categories are, when based on other categories than of the topos of sets. This paper explains the property and gives a construction for relative realizability categories that works for arbitrary base Heyting categories. The universal property shows us some new geometric morphisms to relative realizability toposes too. 1

Wouter Pieter Stekelenburg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Basic Use of the OWL Grade Book  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basic Use of the OWL Grade Book #12;Notes Overview The Grade Book tool provides an easy and convenient way for instructors to manage grades and distribute them to students. Using the Grade Book. This handout will show you how to: · Access the Grade Book · Create a column in the Grade Book · Add

Lennard, William N.

360

Connected gradings and fundamental group.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main purpose of this paper is to provide explicit computations of the fundamental group of several algebras. For this purpose, given a $k$-algebra $A$, we consider the category of all connected gradings of $A$ by a group $G$ and we study the relation between gradings and Galois coverings. This theoretical tool gives information about the fundamental group of $A$, which allows its computation using complete lists of gradings.

Claude Cibils (I3M); Maria Julia Redondo (Departamento De Matematica UNS); Andrea Solotar (Departamento De Matematica UBA)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY The enclosed report is submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1815 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Section 1815 of the Act established a five-member Electric Energy Market Competition Task Force. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005)1 was designed to provide a comprehensive long-range energy plan for the United States. Section 1815 of the Act2 created an "Electric Energy Market Competition Task Force"3 (Task Force) to conduct a study of competition in wholesale and retail markets for electricity in the United States. Section 1815(b)(2)(B) required the Task Force to publish a draft final report for public comment

362

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.7 Retail Markets and Companies  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 2010 Top Supermarkets, by Sales 2010 All Commodity Supermarket Wal-Mart Stores 3,001 Kroger Co. 2,460 Safeway, Inc. 1,461 Supervalu, Inc. 1,504 Ahold USA, Inc. (Stop and Shop, Giant) 746 Publix Super Markets, Inc. 1,035 Delhaize America, Inc. (Food Lion) 1,641 H.E. Butt Grocery Co. (HEB) 291 Meijer Inc. 195 Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co. (Pathmark) 373 Note(s): Source(s): All commodity volume in this example represents the "annualized range of the estimated retail sales volume of all items sold at a retail site that pass through the retailer's cash registers. TDLinx ACV is an estimate based on best available data- a directional measure to be used as an indicator of store and account size, not an actual retail sales report". (Progressive Grocer) Progressive Grocer, 2011 Progressive Grocer Super 50

363

Market behavior under partial price controls: the case of the retail gasoline market  

SciTech Connect

The use of firm-specific controls on the price of gasoline during 1979 and 1980, at both the wholesale and the retail level, dramatically affected the retail market for gasoline. The most visible effect was a diversity of monetary prices across service stations within particular retail market areas. Price could no longer play its usual role in clearing the retail market for gasoline. Queues and other changes in quality of service at stations arose to maintain the balance of market demand and supply. This report examines the behavior of an otherwise competitive market in the presence of such regulation-induced nonprice phenomena. In such a market, consumers consider both monetary prices and costs imposed by queues in deciding where to buy gasoline and how much to buy. Using a price-theoretic model of behavior, this paper predicts how various changes in effective price regulation affect consumers. 14 references, 7 figures, 2 tables.

Camm, F.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Retail gasoline prices in the Rocky Mountains fall as U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... gasoline prices in the Rockies were 41 cents below the U.S. average, which was a record for the region since EIA began tracking regional retail price data in 1992.

365

Consumer Light Bulb Changes: Briefing and Resources for Media and Retailers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Briefing for Media and Retailers - Lighting eere.energy.gov Briefing for Media and Retailers - Lighting eere.energy.gov 1 Consumer Light Bulb Changes: Briefing and Resources for Media and Retailers Briefing for Media and Retailers - Lighting eere.energy.gov 2 * Briefing: - To schedule interviews, please contact DOE Public Affairs at 202-586-4940 * Terms: - Lumens: Commonly a measure of brightness (technically "luminous flux") - CFL: Compact Fluorescent Lamp: The curly fluorescent bulbs - LED: Light Emitting Diode: more recently emerging technology, also called "solid state lighting" as it is light produced by a solid-state (chip) device - General Service Incandescent Lamp: The most common residential light bulb in use, with a medium screw base, and a lumen range of 310 to 2,600 lumens

366

REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY The enclosed report is submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1815 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Section 1815 of the Act established a five-member Electric Energy Market Competition Task Force. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005)1 was designed to provide a comprehensive long-range energy plan for the United States. Section 1815 of the Act2 created an "Electric Energy Market Competition Task Force"3 (Task Force) to conduct a study of competition in wholesale and retail markets for electricity in the United States. Section 1815(b)(2)(B) required the Task Force to publish a draft final report for public comment

367

Building Out Alternative Fuel Retail Infrastructure: Government Fleet Spillovers in E85  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C. and M. Melendez, 2007, “E85 Retail Business Case: Whenand Why to Sell E85,” National Renewable Energy LaboratoryMean Std. dev. Counties with E85 (N=309) Mean Std. dev. E85

Corts, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Evaluation of the Indoor Air Quality Procedure for Use in Retail...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(IAQ). The first primary goal of this study was to determine, in a set of California retail stores, the adequacy of Title 24 VRs and observed current measured VRs in providing...

369

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

retail electricity rates currently offered in the state.electricity rates currently offered by the five largest electric utilities in the state:electricity tariffs. Rate Design for Commercial Customers in the United States

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

retail electricity rates currently offered in the state.electricity rates currently offered by the five largest electric utilities in the state:electricity tariffs. Rate Design for Commercial Customers in the United States

Mills, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

How to best redevelop vacant big box retail property in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this thesis is to analyze how a developer can best redevelop a vacant big box retail property. To accomplish this, statistical, geographical and demographical analysis was done on previously repositioned ...

Barrera-Villarreal, Alfonso

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Woodward Avenue, Detroit : a pedestrian zone for a changing downtown retail street  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thesis studies the changing direction of Detroit's central downtown shopping street, Woodward Avenue. During the last two decades, Woodward Avenue has lost most of its retail market to suburban shopping centers. The ...

Lewis, Philip Strickland

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (New York) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

York) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place New York Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101...

374

PADD 4 Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

375

Denver Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

376

Ohio Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

377

PADD 5 Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

378

Miami Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

379

Boston Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

380

2012 CERTS R&M Peer Review - Summary: A Business Model for Retail...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

service contracts. The aggregation of service contracts by retail customers will create a profile of load response that can be offered into the wholesale market. We plan to develop...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Customer Risk from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing: Bill Volatility and Hedgability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

then pay/receive the real- time price for deviations fromI assume that the retail real-time prices customers face arewould likely dampen real-time price volatility and the

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How Effective State Net Metering Laws Can RevolutionalizeThe value of net metering is found to be substantial, butRetail rate design, Net metering Introduction The solar

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Big box, no more quick fixes : a historical account of consumption, retail and discount shopping typologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As of 2011, the fastest growing sectors of the American economy are related to, or directly involved in the retail business. The conditions which led to this phenomenon are rooted in the fundamental precepts of capitalism, ...

Scanlon, Erik R

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Parameter search in an agent-based model of pedestrian movement in retail environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parameter search in an agent-based model of pedestrian movement in retail environments is part of a research effort by data-driven architecture in the Cognitive Machine Group at the MIT Media Lab. The approach pursued in ...

Jitapunkul, Thananat

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

New Energy Product and Design for Retail Service Providers Technical Memorandum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy service providers (ESPs) are struggling to make money in the retailing of electricity. During the past two years, leading companies such as Enron Energy Services, Green Mountain Energy, New Energy, and PG&E Energy Services have lost almost $500 million collectively. This initiative will create breakthrough product designs that transcend commoditization of retail electricity markets, replace price wars that destroy shareholder value with market creation activities that simultaneously expand product...

1999-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

386

Unbundling the retail gas market: Current activities and guidance for serving residential and small customers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The restructuring of retail gas services has followed a typical pattern for previously heavily regulated industries: large customers are initially given rights to purchase unbundled services from different entities, with the same rights dispersed over time to smaller customers. For about ten years now industrial customers in most states have been able to {open_quotes}play the market{close_quotes}. Since the passage of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Order 636 in 1992, interest has centered on expanding service unbundling to small retail customers, including residential customers. Importantly, the Order prohibited pipelines from providing bundled sales service. This is not surprising - in the telecommunications industry, for example, the unbundling of wholesale services was a strong stimulant for developing competition in the local exchange market. The push for small-customer service unbundling has derived from the basic but politically attractive idea that all retail customers should directly benefit from competitive forces in the natural gas industry. When one looks at the movement of prices since 1985, it is easy to see that large retail customers have enjoyed more favorable prices than other retail customers. For example, over the period 1985 to 1994 gas prices to industrial customers and electric utilities fell around 23 percent and 36 percent, respectively. In comparison, gas prices to residential customers increased by around 5 percent while gas prices to commercial customers decreased slightly by about 1 percent. This report examines various aspects of unbundling to small retail gas customers, with special emphasis on residential customers.

Costello, K.W.; Lemon, J.R.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

l1 regularization in infinite dimensional feature spaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss the problem of fitting l1 regularized prediction models in infinite (possibly non-countable) dimensional feature spaces. Our main contributions are: a. Deriving a generalization of l1 regularization ...

Saharon Rosset; Grzegorz Swirszcz; Nathan Srebro; Ji Zhu

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

System regularities in design of experiments and their applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation documents a meta-analysis of 113 data sets from published factorial experiments. The study quantifies regularities observed among main effects and multi-factor interactions. Such regularities are critical ...

Li, Xiang, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Wait-free Regular Storage from Byzantine Components  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a simple, efficient, and self-contained construction of a wait-free regular register from Byzantine storage components. Our construction utilizes a novel building block, called 1-regular register, which can be ...

Abraham, Ittai

2005-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

390

Genetics Curriculum for Grade 5  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Genetics Curriculum for Grade 5 Genetics Curriculum for Grade 5 Name: Darin W Meyer Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I am teaching a fifth grade science class and I have a student that is very interested in doing an individual project on genetics. Specifically he is interested in heredity, dominant/recessive genes, cross breeding, DNA, RNA. Any suggestion for projects that he could do? I would be interested in having him do something collaboratively with another student teacher etc so that he has some on-line experience. I would be grateful for any help that anyone could give me. I could also use more sources on info for me to use as I direct his study. This fifth grade student is capable of content in the 9-10 grade range. I do have rats and mice in my room. What about a little breeding program?

391

Compact models with regular charge distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We model a compact relativistic body with anisotropic pressures in the presence of an electric field. The equation of state is barotropic with a linear relationship between the radial pressure and the energy density. Simple exact models of the Einstein-Maxwell equations are generated. A graphical analysis indicates that the matter and electromagnetic variables are well behaved. In particular the proper charge density is regular for certain parameter values at the stellar centre unlike earlier anisotropic models in the presence of charge. We show that the electric field affects the mass of stellar objects and the observed mass for a particular binary pulsar is regained. Our models contain previous results of anisotropic charged matter with a linear equation of state for special parameter values.

P. Mafa Takisa; S. D. Maharaj

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

What do I pay for in a gallon of regular gasoline? - FAQ - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The cost of crude oil as a share of the retail price varies over time and among regions of the country.

393

What do I pay for in a gallon of regular gasoline? - FAQ - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Oil: 70%. The cost of crude oil as a share of the retail price varies over time and among regions of the country.

394

What we pay for in a gallon of regular gasoline - Today in Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Biofuels: Ethanol & Biodiesel ... - the part of the supply chain where wholesale gasoline is brought to a retail station and sold to the final consumer.

395

Contaminant levels and source strengths in U.S. retail stores A pilot study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contaminant levels and source strengths in U.S. retail stores A pilot study Contaminant levels and source strengths in U.S. retail stores A pilot study Title Contaminant levels and source strengths in U.S. retail stores A pilot study Publication Type Conference Paper Year of Publication 2012 Authors Chan, Wanyu R., Meera A. Sidheswaran, Douglas P. Sullivan, Sebastian Cohn, and William J. Fisk Conference Name Healthy Buildings 2012 - 10th International Conference Date Published 2012 Conference Location Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre, Brisbane, Queensland Keywords air-exchange rate, building ventilation, indoor-outdoor ratio, particles, vocs Abstract Retail stores have many sources of indoor air contaminants that can cause potential health and odor concerns. One way to control exposure to these contaminants is to provide adequate ventilation. This study aims to characterize the whole-building emission rates of contaminants in certain retail types. The pilot study included two grocery stores and three furniture stores in northern California. We measured simultaneously the building ventilation rates by SF6 decay and contaminant concentrations in each store for one to two days. Contaminants were measured at multiple indoor locations and at one outdoor location near the building. Formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acrolein are three compounds with concentrations above health guidelines in some stores. In several cases, indoor concentrations of certain VOCs and PM were higher indoors than outdoors, suggesting potential indoor sources. Our goal is to characterize the range of contaminant source strengths in 25 to 30 stores in California.

396

Fast Corn Grading System Verification and Modification.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A fast corn grading system can replace the traditional method in unofficial corn grading locations. The initial design of the system proved that it can… (more)

Smith, Leanna Marie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Department of Agricultural and Resource EconomicsDetermining the Impact of Retailer Store Brand Procurement on Vertical Relationships with Brand Manufacturers and on Market Equilibrium †  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates how a retailer’s store brand supply source impacts vertical pricing and supply channel profitability. Using chain-level retail scanner data from major supermarkets in Boston prior to the leading retailer’s divestiture of its store brand milk processing to a major brand manufacturer I estimate a random coefficients logit demand model employing a Bayesian estimation approach. Bayesian decision theory is applied to select from a set of pricing games the one most likely for the data sample analyzed. Results from this analysis indicate that the empirically valid model has the pre-divested retailer integrated into the processing of its own milk and takes as given the wholesale price of brand milks while competing retailers have nonlinear pricing contracts with brand manufacturers who produce their store brands. This model is matched against a series of counterfactual simulations as a baseline. The counterfactual simulations consider the eventual divestiture of store brand milk processing by the leading retailer

Michael A. Cohen; Michael A. Cohen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

,"San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices",8,"Weekly","12/16/2013","6/5/2000" ,"Release Date:","12/16/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/23/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y05sf_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y05sf_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

399

DOE Awards $15 Million in Technical Assistance to Support Major Retailers,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 Million in Technical Assistance to Support Major 5 Million in Technical Assistance to Support Major Retailers, Financial Institutions and Real Estate Firms to Adopt Energy-Efficient Technologies DOE Awards $15 Million in Technical Assistance to Support Major Retailers, Financial Institutions and Real Estate Firms to Adopt Energy-Efficient Technologies September 26, 2008 - 3:43pm Addthis Awards Encourage Adoption of Energy-Saving Technologies for New Construction and Retrofits in Commercial Buildings WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced the first phase of awards, valued at $15 million, for the Net-Zero Energy Commercial Building Initiative (CBI). Twenty-one companies, which will include retailers, financial institutions and commercial real estate firms, will team with two of DOE's National Laboratories to speed market adoption of

400

,"Los Angeles Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Los Angeles Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" Los Angeles Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Los Angeles Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices",8,"Weekly","12/16/2013","6/5/2000" ,"Release Date:","12/16/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/23/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y05la_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y05la_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

E85 Retail Business Case: When and Why to Sell E85  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

E85 Retail Business Case: E85 Retail Business Case: When and Why to Sell E85 C. Johnson and M. Melendez Technical Report NREL/TP-540-41590 December 2007 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute ● Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Technical Report NREL/TP-540-41590 December 2007 E85 Retail Business Case: When and Why to Sell E85 C. Johnson and M. Melendez Prepared under Task No. FC08.0032 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

402

Practice Prize Report---An Assortmentwide Decision-Support System for Dynamic Pricing and Promotion Planning in DIY Retailing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main objective of this report is to describe a decision-support system for dynamic retail pricing and promotion planning. Our weekly demand model incorporates price, reference price effects, seasonality, article availability information, features, ... Keywords: demand interdependency, dynamic pricing, pricing research, reference price, retail strategy, revenue management

Martin Natter; Thomas Reutterer; Andreas Mild; Alfred Taudes

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Optimizing a multi-vendor multi-retailer vendor managed inventory problem: Two tuned meta-heuristic algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vendor-managed inventory (VMI) is a common policy in supply chain management (SCM) to reduce bullwhip effects. Although different applications of VMI have been proposed in the literature, the multi-vendor multi-retailer single-warehouse (MV-MR-SW) ... Keywords: Meta-heuristic, Multi-retailer, Multi-vendor, Taguchi method, Vendor managed inventory model

Javad Sadeghi, Seyed Mohsen Mousavi, Seyed Taghi Akhavan Niaki, Saeid Sadeghi

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Overcoming Visibility Issues in a Small-to-Medium Retailer Using Automatic Identification and Data Capture Technology: An Evolutionary Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors the inventory control practices of a small-to-medium retailer to identify common challenges this type of organization experiences with respect to automated data capture ADC and the implementation of an enterprise wide information ... Keywords: Automatic Identification and Data Capture AIDC, Barcode, Business Process, Information Systems, Inventory Control, Radio-Frequency Identification RFID, Small-to-Medium Retailer

Dane Hamilton; Katina Michael; Samuel Fosso Wamba

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 13: Retail Stores | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3: Retail Stores 3: Retail Stores Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder Technical documentation

406

Number of Retail Customers by State by Sector, 1990-2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Number of Retail Customers by State by Sector, 1990-2012" Number of Retail Customers by State by Sector, 1990-2012" "Year","State","Industry Sector Category","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Other","Total" 2012,"AK","Total Electric Industry",275405,48790,1263,0,"NA",325458 2012,"AL","Total Electric Industry",2150977,357395,7168,0,"NA",2515540 2012,"AR","Total Electric Industry",1332154,181823,33926,2,"NA",1547905 2012,"AZ","Total Electric Industry",2585638,305250,7740,0,"NA",2898628 2012,"CA","Total Electric Industry",13101887,1834779,73805,12,"NA",15010483

407

Revenue from Retail Sales of Electricity (Thousands Dollars) by State by Provide  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Revenue from Retail Sales of Electricity (Thousands Dollars) by State by Provider, 1990-2012" Revenue from Retail Sales of Electricity (Thousands Dollars) by State by Provider, 1990-2012" "Year","State","Industry Sector Category","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Other","Total" 2012,"AK","Total Electric Industry",386304,429152,232325,0,"NA",1047781 2012,"AL","Total Electric Industry",3491380,2318146,2100936,0,"NA",7910462 2012,"AR","Total Electric Industry",1664696,933567,971266,52,"NA",3569581 2012,"AZ","Total Electric Industry",3718357,2829551,813094,0,"NA",7361001 2012,"CA","Total Electric Industry",13821565,16327164,4925482,49095,"NA",35123306

408

Retail Sales of Electricity (Megawatthours) by State by Sector by Provider, 1990  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Retail Sales of Electricity (Megawatthours) by State by Sector by Provider, 1990-2012" Retail Sales of Electricity (Megawatthours) by State by Sector by Provider, 1990-2012" "Year","State","Industry Sector Category","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Other","Total" 2012,"AK","Total Electric Industry",2160196,2875038,1381177,0,"NA",6416411 2012,"AL","Total Electric Industry",30632261,21799181,33751106,0,"NA",86182548 2012,"AR","Total Electric Industry",17909301,12102048,16847755,463,"NA",46859567 2012,"AZ","Total Electric Industry",32922970,29692256,12448117,0,"NA",75063343 2012,"CA","Total Electric Industry",90109995,121791536,46951714,684793,"NA",259538038

409

Table 3. Top Five Retailers of Electricity, with End Use Sectors, 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Maine" Maine" "1. NextEra Energy Power Marketing LLC","Other Provider",3876276,3548267,316308,11701,"-" "2. Dominion Retail Inc","Other Provider",1308742,"-",1308742,"-","-" "3. Constellation NewEnergy, Inc","Other Provider",987998,"-",704002,283996,"-" "4. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg.","Other Provider",593324,"-",593324,"-","-" "5. Suez Energy Resources North America","Other Provider",483466,"-",483466,"-","-" "Total Sales, Top Five Providers",,7249806,3548267,3405842,295697,"-" "Percent of Total State Sales",,63,81,83,10

410

Relative efficiency benefits of wholesale and retail competition in electricity: An analysis and a research agenda  

SciTech Connect

A central issue in the debate over restructuring the electric power industry is the extent to which the market should be open to competition. One aspect of this debate is whether competition ought to be restricted to the whole sale power market or be extended to final retail consumers. This report begins to explore the potential differences in economic efficiency between wholesale and retail competition in the electric power industry. The two market-structure scenarios are defined and the factors responsible for differences in efficiency are described. The report also contains an assessment of the relative importance of the factors and recommendations for pursuing further research.

Bohi, D.R.; Palmer, K.L. [Resources for the Future, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

DataTrends: Energy Use in Retail Stores | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail Stores Retail Stores Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder Technical documentation

412

ENERGY STAR Score for Retail Stores | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail Stores Retail Stores Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder Technical documentation

413

Energy Distribution of a Charged Regular Black Hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the energy distribution of a charged regular black hole by using the energy-momentum complexes of Einstein and M{\\o}ller.

Irina Radinschi

2000-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

414

Nested (2,r)-regular graphs and their network properties.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A graph G is a (t, r)-regular graph if every collection of t independent vertices is collectively adjacent to exactly r vertices. If a graph… (more)

Brooks, Josh Daniel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

On Global Regularity of 2D Generalized Magnetohydrodynamic Equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we study the global regularity of 2D generalized magnetohydrodynamic equations (2D GMHD), in which the dissipation terms are $- \

Tran, Chuong V; Zhai, Zhichun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Department of Agricultural and Resource EconomicsAsymmetric Response of Retail Milk Prices in the Northeast Revisited.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Retail milk price responses to farm price changes were analyzed for Boston, Massachusetts, and Hartford, Connecticut. Prior research concluded asymmetries did not exist in the response of retail fluid milk prices to changes in farm prices. This study finds transmission rates were greater for the Compact period (100 – 120 percent) than the Pre-Compact period (66 – 88 percent). Short-run asymmetries were apparent. Retail prices responded rapidly to farm price increases, but slowly to farm price decreases. This study also finds evidence of long-run asymmetry. When equivalent farm price increases and decreases occur, retail prices do not return to the same levels that were observed before the price changes. Such long-run asymmetry was not observed in prior empirical studies of retail prices in the Northeast.

Daniel Lass; Daniel Lass

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

EM Commerical Grade Dedication Class Slides  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grade Dedication Grade Dedication www.em.doe.gov safety performance cleanup closure E M Environmental Management 1 DOE TRAINING DOE TRAINING Commercial Grade Commercial Grade Dedication Dedication Training Training MODULE 1 Overview of CGD Process www.em.doe.gov safety performance cleanup closure E M Environmental Management 2 Course Objectives  Define the terms "commercial grade item" and "commercial grade services" g  Understand the process for commercial grade dedication (CGD)  Describe the bases for implementing each element of the generic process and how they relate to NQA-1 requirements and Electric Power Research Institute requirements and Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Guidelines  Describe each element of the process

418

Subtyping algorithm of regular tree grammars with disjoint production rules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most type systems of statically typed XML processing languages are implemented based on regular expression types, where subtyping reduces to checking inclusion between tree automata, which is not efficient enough. The paper proposes the regular tree ... Keywords: XML, algorithm, subtyping, tree grammar

Lei Chen; Haiming Chen

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Regularity results for the Primitive Equations of the ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the linear Primitive Equations of the ocean in the three dimensional space, with horizontal periodic and vertical Dirichlet boundary conditions. Thanks to Fourier transforms we are able to calculate explicitly the pressure term. We then state existence, unicity and regularity results for the linear time-depending Primitive Equations, with low-regularity right-hand side.

Nodet, Maëlle

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Regularity results for the Primitive Equations of the ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the linear Primitive Equations of the ocean in the three dimensional space, with horizontal periodic and vertical Dirichlet boundary conditions. Thanks to Fourier transforms we are able to calculate explicitly the pressure term. We then state existence, unicity and regularity results for the linear time-depending Primitive Equations, with low-regularity right-hand side.

Maëlle Nodet

2008-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Local Linear Convergence of Approximate Projections onto Regularized Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The numerical properties of algorithms for finding the intersection of sets depend to some extent on the regularity of the sets, but even more importantly on the regularity of the intersection. The alternating projection algorithm of von Neumann has been shown to converge locally at a linear rate dependent on the regularity modulus of the intersection. In many applications, however, the sets in question come from inexact measurements that are matched to idealized models. It is unlikely that any such problems in applications will enjoy metrically regular intersection, let alone set intersection. We explore a regularization strategy that generates an intersection with the desired regularity properties. The regularization, however, can lead to a significant increase in computational complexity. In a further refinement, we investigate and prove linear convergence of an approximate alternating projection algorithm. The analysis provides a regularization strategy that fits naturally with many ill-posed inverse problems, and a mathematically sound stopping criterion for extrapolated, approximate algorithms. The theory is demonstrated on the phase retrieval problem with experimental data. The conventional early termination applied in practice to unregularized, consistent problems in diffraction imaging can be justified fully in the framework of this analysis providing, for the first time, proof of convergence of alternating approximate projections for finite dimensional, consistent phase retrieval problems.

D. Russell Luke

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

422

Efficient approximate Regularized Least Squares by Toeplitz matrix  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Machine Learning based on the Regularized Least Squares (RLS) model requires one to solve a system of linear equations. Direct-solution methods exhibit predictable complexity and storage, but often prove impractical for large-scale problems; iterative ... Keywords: Digital signal processor, Large-scale learning, Levinson-Trench-Zohar algorithm, Regularized Least Squares, Resources limited device, Toeplitz matrix

Sergio Decherchi; Paolo Gastaldo; Rodolfo Zunino

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Profit sharing and firm performance in the manufacturer-retailer dual-channel supply chain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the rapid development of e-commerce and the adoption of dual channels, increasingly manufacturers and retailers are implementing profit sharing strategies in order to improve channel coordination and supply chain performance. In this study, we focus ... Keywords: Channel coordination, Game theory, Online marketing, Profit bargaining, Profit sharing, Supply chain management

Ruiliang Yan

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

A Large US Retailer Selects Transportation Carriers Under Diesel Price Uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large US retailer that procures transportation services from third-party carriers experienced an unexpected jump in fuel surcharges as the price of diesel fuel skyrocketed in the summer of 2008. As a result, it sought to limit its future exposure to ... Keywords: price uncertainty, risk aversion, service contract, transportation

John Turner; Ben Peterson; Soo-Haeng Cho; Sunder Kekre; Alan Scheller-Wolf

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The role of vibrant retail electricity markets in assuring that wholesale power markets operate effectively  

SciTech Connect

Barriers to competitive supplier entry such as California's wholesale-price pass-through model can provide an almost insurmountable barrier to effective retail competition. The telecommunications, airline, and software industries provide lessons--positive and negative--on how creating competitive wholesale markets is insufficient to bring the benefits of competition to smaller consumers.

Goulding, A.J.; Rufin, C.; Swinand, G.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Impact of Residential PV Adoption on Retail Electricity Desmond W. H. Caia,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Newport Beach, CA 92660, USA. Abstract The price of electricity supplied from home rooftop photo voltaic (PV) solar cells has fallen below the retail price of grid electricity in some areas. A num- ber of residential households have an economic incentive to install rooftop PV systems and reduce their purchases

Low, Steven H.

427

BRENNAN --DSM UNDER COMPETITION: 1 Demand-Side Management Programs Under Retail  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BRENNAN -- DSM UNDER COMPETITION: 1 Demand-Side Management Programs Under Retail Electricity · An automotive analogy Not marketing of fuel-efficient cars Not exactly CAFE standards or EPA mileage stickers More like getting a check from oil companies if one buys a high mileage car · Conservation

California at Berkeley. University of

428

THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET: REQUERIMENTS FOR AN E-BUSINESS SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET: REQUERIMENTS FOR AN E-BUSINESS SYSTEM Victor Santos ISCAC to Client . Abstract: In the last decade the electric energy market as changed is structure in several countries, mainly in the most developed, ones where the regulated activity of electrical companies where

Monteiro, Edmundo

429

PELICAN ISLAND Graded dirt road  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Audubon SanctuaryRecommended route A B C D E F 0.5 mile BOLIVAR PENINSULA N to Crystal Beach Paved road #12;Bryan Beach Old Brazos River 1 mile N Paved road Graded dirt road Walking path Dike/Berm Mudflat

Lee, Cin-Ty Aeolus

430

www.mdpi.com/journal/ijms Physical Properties of Normal Grade Biodiesel and Winter Grade Biodiesel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: In this study, optical and thermal properties of normal grade and winter grade palm oil biodiesel were investigated. Surface Plasmon Resonance and Photopyroelectric technique were used to evaluate the samples. The dispersion curve and thermal diffusivity were obtained. Consequently, the variation of refractive index, as a function of wavelength in normal grade biodiesel is faster than winter grade palm oil biodiesel, and the thermal diffusivity of winter grade biodiesel is higher than the thermal diffusivity of normal grade biodiesel. This is attributed to the higher palmitic acid C16:0 content in normal grade than in winter grade palm oil biodiesel.

Amir Reza Sadrolhosseini; Mohd Maarof Moksin; Harrison Lau; Lik Nang; Monir Norozi; W. Mahmood; Mat Yunus; Azmi Zakaria

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

CLASSIFICATION OF LATTICE-REGULAR LATTICE CONVEX POLYTOPES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. In this paper for any dimension n we give a complete description of lattice convex polytopes in R n that are regular with respect to the group of affine transformations preserving the lattice. Contents

unknown authors

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

CLASSIFICATION OF LATTICE-REGULAR LATTICE CONVEX POLYTOPES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. In this paper for any dimension n we give a complete list of lattice convex polytopes in R n that are regular with respect to the group of affine transformations preserving the lattice. Contents

unknown authors

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Regular zeros of quadratic maps and their application  

SciTech Connect

Sufficient conditions for the existence of regular zeros of quadratic maps are obtained. Their applications are indicated to certain problems of analysis related to the inverse function theorem in a neighbourhood of an abnormal point. Bibliography: 13 titles.

Arutyunov, Aram V; Karamzin, Dmitry Yu

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

434

Parametrized regular infinite games and higher-order pushdown strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given a set P of natural numbers, we consider infinite games where the winning condition is a regular ?-language parametrized by P. In this context, an ?-word, representing a play, has letters consisting of three components: The ...

Paul Hänsch; Michaela Slaats; Wolfgang Thomas

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Fast Rates for Regularized Least-squares Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a theoretical analysis of generalization performances of regularized least-squares on reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces for supervised learning. We show that the concept of effective dimension of an integral ...

Caponnetto, Andrea

2005-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

436

The Grade 91 Steel Handbook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detailed analysis of service experience with Grade 91 steels, as well as the results of long-term laboratory tests, has demonstrated that there are key issues associated with use of this tempered martensitic steel that require detailed consideration. These issues include:Review of composition effectsInfluence of fabrication variables on propertiesInfluence of heat treatment on propertiesWelding and post-weld heat treatment ...

2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

437

Table 5.24 Retail Motor Gasoline and On-Highway Diesel Fuel ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sources: Motor Gasoline by Grade: · 1949-1973— Platt's Oil Price Handbook and Oilmanac, 1974, 51st Edition.

438

On electric resistances for distance-regular graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the behavior of electric potentials on distance-regular graphs, and extend some results of a prior paper. Our main result, Theorem 4, shows(together with Corollary 3) that if distance is measured by the electric resistance between points then all points are close to being equidistant on a distance-regular graph with large valency. A number of auxiliary results are also presented.

Koolen, Jack; Park, Jongyook

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Product design for supply chain : quantifying the costs of complexity in Hewlett-Packard's retail desktop PC business  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the past several years, Hewlett-Packard Company's North America Consumer Computing (NACC) division has faced pressures to increase retail product variety in response to growing customer demand. As they pursue incremental ...

Raphel, Aaron Matthew

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

The role of content regulation on pricing and market power in regional retail and wholesale gasoline markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 1999, regional retail and wholesale gasoline markets in the United States have experienced significant price volatility, both intertemporally and across geographic markets. This paper focuses on one potential explanation ...

Muehlegger, Erich J.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

"2012 Total Electric Industry- Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)" Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)" "(Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A-D, EIA-861S and EIA-861U)" "State","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Total" "New England",15.713593,13.679941,11.83487,6.6759453,14.017926 "Connecticut",17.343298,14.652335,12.672933,9.6930118,15.54464 "Maine",14.658797,11.52742,7.9819499,".",11.812709 "Massachusetts",14.912724,13.841518,12.566635,4.9056852,13.78825 "New Hampshire",16.070168,13.36121,11.83228,".",14.192854 "Rhode Island",14.404061,11.867247,10.676724,8.2796427,12.740867 "Vermont",17.006075,14.316157,9.9796777,".",14.220244

442

90.1 Prototype Building Models Stand Alone Retail | Building Energy Codes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stand Alone Retail Stand Alone Retail The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

443

A Mixed Nordic Experience: Implementing Competitive Retail Electricity Markets for Household Customers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although the Nordic countries were among the first to develop competition in the electricity industry, it took a long time to make retail competition work. In Norway and Sweden a considerable number of households are actively using the market but very few households are active in Finland and Denmark. One problem has been institutional barriers involving metering, limited unbundling of distribution and supply, and limited access to reliable information on contracts and prices. (author)

Olsen, Ole Jess; Johnsen, Tor Arnt; Lewis, Philip

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

SciTech Connect

This article examines the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economic value of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems, focusing on commercial customers in California. Using 15-min interval building load and PV production data from a sample of 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity rates currently offered in the state. Across all combinations of customers and rates, we find that the annual bill savings from PV, per kWh generated, ranges from $0.05 to $0.24/kWh. This sizable range in rate-reduction value reflects differences in rate structures, revenue requirements, the size of the PV system relative to building load, and customer load shape. The most significant rate design issue for the value of commercial PV is found to be the percentage of total utility bills recovered through demand charges, though a variety of other factors are also found to be of importance. The value of net metering is found to be substantial, but only when energy from commercial PV systems represents a sizable portion of annual customer load. Though the analysis presented here is specific to California, our general results demonstrate the fundamental importance of retail rate design for the customer-economics of grid-connected, customer-sited PV.

Mills, Andrew D.; Wiser, Ryan; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

445

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

SciTech Connect

This article examines the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economic value of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems, focusing on commercial customers in California. Using 15-minute interval building load and PV production data from a sample of 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity rates currently offered in the state. Across all combinations of customers and rates, we find that the annual bill savings from PV, per kWh generated, ranges from $0.05/kWh to $0.24/kWh. This sizable range in rate-reduction value reflects differences in rate structures, revenue requirements, the size of the PV system relative to building load, and customer load shape. The most significant rate design issue for the value of commercial PV is found to be the percentage of total utility bills recovered through demand charges, though a variety of other factors are also found to be of importance. The value of net metering is found to be substantial, but only when commercial PV systems represent a sizable portion of annual customer load. Though the analysis presented here is specific to California, our general results demonstrate the fundamental importance of retail rate design for the customer-economics of grid-connected, customer-sited PV.

Mills, Andrew; Wiser, Ryan; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2008-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

446

Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Gallons per Day) Year Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total 1994 ................................ 29.7 31.2 36.1 113.5 22.8 172.4 7.6 7.8 10.1 14.6 0.1 24.8 1995 January ....................... 18.5 19.6 13.2 88.3 22.4 123.8 4.9 5.1 3.8 W W 15.1 February ..................... 21.7 23.1 18.6 98.4 23.3 140.2 5.7 5.9 5.2 W W 18.0 March .......................... 23.5 24.8 21.2 103.4 25.1 149.7 6.2 6.5 5.4 W W 19.0 April ............................ 25.9 27.2 22.5 103.9 23.8 150.3 6.4 6.6 5.6 W W 19.1 May ............................. 27.0 28.3 23.1 111.4 25.0 159.5 6.4 6.6 5.8 W W 20.0 June ............................ 28.0 29.3 23.6 116.2 29.3 169.0 6.6 6.8 5.9 W W 20.6

447

Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2005a. Time- varying retail electricity prices: Theory andpractice. Electricity Deregulation: Choices and Challenges.efficiency of real-time electricity pricing. Energy Journal

Darghouth, Naim Richard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

varying retail electricity prices: Theory and practice.GENERATION ON WHOLESALE ELECTRICITY PRICES IN CALIFORNIA:4.4.1 Lower wholesale electricity price cap and volumetric

Darghouth, Naim Richard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

EM Commerical Grade Dedication Class Slides  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

PowerPoint presentation used in the EM sponsored commercial grade dedication (CGD) class. This class is designed to provide an understanding of the process for CGD.

450

On Regularization Parameters Estimation in Edge---Preserving Image Reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The image restoration problem is a well known ill-posed inverse problem. Thus, to solve it some regularization techniques are necessary. By these techniques the solution of the problem is defined as the minimum of an energy function. This function is ...

Ivan Gerace; Francesca Martinelli

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Finsleroid-regular space. Landsberg-to-Berwald implication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By performing required evaluations, we show that in the Finsleroid-regular space the Landsberg-space condition just degenerates to the Berwald-space condition (at any dimension number $N\\ge2$). Simple and clear expository representations are obtained. Due comparisons with the Finsleroid-Finsler space are indicated. Keywords: Finsler metrics, spray coefficients, curvature tensors.

Asanov, G S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

A modular NFA architecture for regular expression matching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a non-deterministic finite automata (NFA) based architecture for regexp scanners on FPGA, called CES: the Character Class with Constraint Repetition (CCR) based regExp Scanner. CES is designed to realize a new MIN-MAX counting algorithm, which ... Keywords: FPGA, NFA, character class constraint repetition, overlapped matching, regular expression

Hao Wang; Shi Pu; Gabriel Knezek; Jyh-Charn Liu

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Wind and Turbulence in a Sparse but Regular Plant Canopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wind velocity statistics from several points within a regular but sparse array of clumped corn plants are analyzed, with each clump consisting of 12 plants, having a mean height of 1.6 m and a collective leaf area of about 2.75 m2 and occupying ...

Andree Tuzet; John D. Wilson

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Wait-free regular storage from Byzantine components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of implementing a wait-free regular register from storage components prone to Byzantine faults. We present a simple, efficient, and self-contained construction of such a register. Our construction utilizes a novel building block, ... Keywords: Distributed computing

Ittai Abraham; Gregory Chockler; Idit Keidar; Dahlia Malkhi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

A descent method for nonsmooth variational inequalities via regularization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a descent method for solving variational inequality problems where the underlying operator is nonsmooth, locally Lipschitz, and monotone over a closed, convex feasible set. The idea is to combine a descent method for variational ... Keywords: Tikhonov-Browder regularization, descent method, gap function, nonsmooth mapping, variational inequality

Barbara Panicucci; Massimo Pappalardo; Mauro Passacantando

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Table 3. Top Five Retailers of Electricity, with End Use Sectors, 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Rhode Island" Rhode Island" "1. The Narragansett Electric Co","Investor-Owned",5287440,3068731,1938910,279799,"-" "2. Constellation NewEnergy, Inc","Other Provider",594900,"-",387627,191168,16105 "3. TransCanada Power Mktg Ltd","Other Provider",501659,"-","-",501659,"-" "4. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg.","Other Provider",389583,"-",116875,272708,"-" "5. Glacial Energy Holdings","Other Provider",283973,"-",283973,"-","-" "Total Sales, Top Five Providers",,7057555,3068731,2727385,1245334,16105 "Percent of Total State Sales",,90,98,74,100,59

457

Table 3. Top Five Retailers of Electricity, with End Use Sectors, 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

District of Columbia" District of Columbia" "1. Potomac Electric Power Co","Investor-Owned",3388490,2014044,1374446,"-","-" "2. Constellation NewEnergy, Inc","Other Provider",2427380,"-",2369901,12091,45388 "3. PEPCO Energy Services","Other Provider",2099946,1012,2098934,"-","-" "4. Washington Gas Energy Services","Other Provider",1759773,39513,1720260,"-","-" "5. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg.","Other Provider",801256,"-",536225,265031,"-" "Total Sales, Top Five Providers",,10476845,2054569,8099766,277122,45388 "Percent of Total State Sales",,88,97,88,100,14

458

Tracking Market Transitions: Key Trends in America's Electricity Markets: Retail Customers and Energy Competition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

U.S. electricity markets have been transitioning in an uneven, but accelerating pace toward competition. Enough experience with competition exists by now to begin to draw from lessons learned. This report summarizes key trends observed in U.S. competitive energy markets to-date, and suggests several trends that are likely to emerge in the near future. Among some of the most important trends observed are the declining number of retail mass-market energy service providers, and the relative lack of differen...

1999-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

459

Assessing and Reducing Plug and Process Loads in Retail Buildings (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

Plug and process loads (PPLs) in commercial buildings account for almost 5% of U.S. primary energy consumption. Minimizing these loads is a primary challenge in the design and operation of an energy-efficient building. PPLs are not related to general lighting, heating, ventilation, cooling, and water heating, and typically do not provide comfort to the occupants. They use an increasingly large fraction of the building energy use pie because the number and variety of electrical devices have increased along with building system efficiency. Reducing PPLs is difficult because energy efficiency opportunities and the equipment needed to address PPL energy use in retail spaces are poorly understood.

Not Available

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

UK Retailers and Climate Change: The Role of Partnership in Climate Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

 includes all public sector and commercial organisations in Great  Britain and Northern Ireland that (i) have at least one half?hourly electricity meter settled on the  half?hourly market and (ii) consume more than 6,000 MWh of electricity per year (DEFRA,  2008c). In September 2009, the...  retailers and climate change: The role  of partnership in climate strategies1    Aoife Brophy Haney2  ESRC Electricity Policy Research Group and   Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge    Ian Jones  Centre for Business Research,   University of Cambridge     Michael G. Pollitt  ESRC Electricity...

Brophy Haney, A; Jones, I W; Pollitt, Michael G.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regular grade retail" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

The Implications of the New Rules of the Game for DR: Retail and Wires Companies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are ongoing shifts in the distributed resources (DR) market that impact both the retail side of the equation and the application of DR to the distribution grid. This brief paper examines some of these recent shifts and attempt to interpret the reasons for these shifts and the implications that these shifts have for the near term future of DR technologies. This review focuses on three states that appear to be the leaders in the evolution of the role of DR technologies in the wires company: Californi...

2000-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

462

Power-grade butanol recovery and utilization  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As an alternative to the traditional recovery systems, it was proposed in a previous publication that the n-butanol/acetone/ethanol fermentation products could be recovered as a power grade fuel blend and used directly as a fuel. This would affect a savings in process energy requirements because each chemical component would not have to be processed individually to technical grade purity. Further, some residual water could be tolerated in the fuel blend. To develop such a power grade fuel recovery scheme beyond the conceptual stage, the Energy Research and Resource Division of the Kansas Energy Office undertook a two-fold program to demonstrate and test a power grade butanol/acetone/ethanol fuel recovery system, and further to demonstrate the feasibility of using the fuel blend in a standard type engine. A development program was initiated to accomplish the following objectives: design and test an operational power grade butanol recovery plant that would operate at one liter per hour output; and test and assess the performance of power grade butanol in a spark ignition automotive engine. This project has demonstrated that recovery of a power grade butanol fuel blend is simple and can be accomplished at a considered energy advantage over ethanol. It was further demonstrated that such a power grade blend works well in a typical spark ignition engine.

Noon, R.

1982-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

463

2012 CERTS R&M Peer Review - Summary: A Business Model for Retail Aggregation of Responsive Load - Shmuel Oren  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retail Aggregation of Responsive Load to Produce Wholesale Retail Aggregation of Responsive Load to Produce Wholesale Demand Side Resources Project Lead: Shmuel Oren Objectives The project seeks to develop methods for assembling, managing, and valuing complementary portfolios of variable or intermittent power sources and applications, such as load curtailment, load shifting, renewable resources (wind, solar) and distributed storage (e.g., EV and PHEV batteries, UPS devices etc.). Aggregators can assemble portfolios of such resources to obtain wholesale resources that can be offered in the various ISO markets and exploit the complimentary aspects of these resources through portfolio structuring and dispatch strategies to mitigate the intermittent nature of load response and renewables. Variability can be further reduced by pooling uncertain retail

464

Requirements Flowdown and Graded Approach to QA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Graded Approach Model and Expectation Graded Approach Model and Expectation Page 1 of 18 Office of Environmental Management And Energy Facility Contractors Group Quality Assurance Improvement Project Plan Project Focus Area Task # and Description Deliverable Project Area 1: Requirements Flow Down Task #1.9 - Complete White Paper covering procurement QA process flow diagram Draft White Paper and Amended Flow Diagram Project Area 4: Graded Approach Implementation Task #4.4 - In coordination with Project Focus Area #1, provide an EM expectation for application of the graded approach to procurement. EM Graded Approach Procedure for Procurements Approvals: Yes/No/NA Project Managers: S. Waisley, D. Tuttel Y Executive Committee: D. Chung, J. Yanek, N. Barker,

465

Do Point of Sale RFID-Based Information Services Make a Difference? Analyzing Consumer Perceptions for Designing Smart Product Information Services in Retail Business  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increase in RFID implementation in retail allows the development of smart product information applications. However, literature describes only a few evaluations of RFID retail applications with real consumers. The question that arises is, whether ... Keywords: NFC, RFID, Ubiquitous computing, product information service, smart products, ubiquitous commerce

Florian Resatsch; Uwe Sandner; Jan Marco Leimeister; Helmut Krcmar

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Energy Implications of Retrofitting Retail Sector Rooftop Units with Stepped-Speed and Variable-Speed Functionality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Commercial retailers understand that retrofitting constant-speed RTU fan motors with stepped- or variable-speed alternatives could save significant energy in most U.S. climate zones. However, they lack supporting data, both real-world and simulation based, on the cost effectiveness and climate zone-specific energy savings associated with this measure. Thus, building managers and engineers have been unable to present a compelling business case for fan motor upgrades to upper management. This study uses whole-building energy simulation to estimate the energy impact of this type of measure so retailers can determine its economic feasibility.

Studer, D.; Romero, R.; Herrmann, L.; Benne, K.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

BigHorn Home Improvement Center: Proof that a Retail Building Can Be a Low Energy Building: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The BigHorn Home Improvement Center in Silverthorne, Colorado was one of the first commercial buildings in the United States to integrate extensive high-performance design into a retail space. After monitoring and evaluation by NREL, the BigHorn Center was found to consume 54% less source energy and have 53% lower energy costs than typical retail buildings of similar size. The extensive use of daylighting to replace electric lighting reduced lighting energy requirements by 80% and significantly contributed to the reduced energy loads in the building.

Deru, M.; Torcellini, P.; Judkoff, R.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Replaces DOE F 3530.1 5. HOW LONG IN PRESENT POSITION GRADE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

50.2 50.2 (07-95) Replaces DOE F 3530.1 5. HOW LONG IN PRESENT POSITION GRADE 6. DATE NEXT REGULAR STEP INCREASE IS DUE: 7. LIST ANY AWARDS OR QUALITY INCREASES RECEIVED IN LAST 5 YEARS (Date and kind of award) ATTACH A COMPLETED SF-52, "REQUEST FOR PERSONNEL ACTION," AND A COPY OF THE EMPLOYEE'S CURRENT RATING OF RECORD AS DOCUMENTATION THAT PERFORMANCE HAS MET ALL THE REQUIREMENTS FOR AN OUTSTANDING RATING. NAME AND TITLE OF NOMINATING OFFICIAL (Employee's immediate supervisor) 1. NAME OF NOMINEE 3. ORGANIZATION LOCATION OF POSITION 2. POSITION TITLE, GRADE AND STEP 4. RECOMMENDATION COVERS SERVICE FROM (DATE): TO: SIGNATURE DATE NAME AND TITLE OF REVIEWING OFFICIAL (If required by organization)

469

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.7 Retail Markets and Companies  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 4 Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Retail Buildings (1) Shell Percent Glass 0.4 Window (U-Factor 0.38-0.69 SHGC 0.40-0.44 Wall R-Value (2) 7.6-15.2 c.i. Roof R-Value Attic 30-60 Insulation Above Deck 15-25 c.i. Lighting Average Power Density (W/ft.^2) 1.3 System and Plant Heating Plant Gas Furnace(>225 kBtuh) 80% Combustion Efficiency Cooling Plant Air conditioner (>135-240 kBtuh) 10.8 EER/11.2 IPLV - 11.0 EER/11.5 IPLV Service Hot Water Gas Storage Water Heater (>75kBtuh) 90% Thermal Efficiency Note(s): Source(s): 1) Guide provides approximate parameters for constructing a building which is 30% more efficient than ASHRAE 90.1-1999. Ranges are due to climate zone dependencies. 2) Assumes a wall with heat content greaater than 7 Btu/ft^2. ASHRAE, Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Retail Buildings, 2008

470

Investment Efficiency in Competitive Electricity Markets With and Without Time-Varying Retail Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The standard economic model of efficient competitive markets relies on the ability of sellers to charge prices that vary as their costs change. Yet, there is no restructured electricity market in which most retail customers can be charged realtime prices (RTP), prices that can change as frequently as wholesale costs. We analyze the impact of having some share of customers on time-invariant pricing in competitive electricity markets. Not only does time-invariant pricing in competitive markets lead to outcomes (prices and investment) that are not first-best, it even fails to achieve the second-best optimum given the constraint of time-invariant pricing. We then study a number of policy interventions that have been proposed to address the perceived inadequacy of capacity investment. We show that attempts to correct the level of investment through taxes or subsidies on electricity or capacity are unlikely to succeed, because these interventions create new inefficiencies. We demonstrate that the most common proposal, a subsidy to capacity ownership financed by a tax on retail electricity, is particularly problematic. An alternative approach to improving efficiency, increasing the share of customers on RTP, has some surprising effects. We show that such a change lowers the equilibrium price to flat rate customers

Severin Borenstein; Stephen P. Holland

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Regular Scanning Tunneling Microscope Tips can be Intrinsically Chiral  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report our discovery that regular scanning tunneling microscope tips can themselves be chiral. This chirality leads to differences in electron tunneling efficiencies through left- and right-handed molecules, and, when using the tip to electrically excite molecular rotation, large differences in rotation rate were observed which correlated with molecular chirality. As scanning tunneling microscopy is a widely used technique, this result may have unforeseen consequences for the measurement of asymmetric surface phenomena in a variety of important fields.

Tierney, Heather L.; Murphy, Colin J.; Sykes, E. Charles H. [Department of Chemistry, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155-5813 (United States)

2011-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

472

Upgrading Below-Grade Spaces: Assessing Priorities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Below-Grade Spaces: Below-Grade Spaces: Assessing Priorities Sam Breidenbach [Cold climate bias] Gap-Balancing risk and homeowner expectations * Managing risk and challenges for contractors - Moisture, mold and liability - Durability/Sustainability - Design/build vs. owner's architect - Contract language to reduce liability - Aligning technical details with specific situations - Below grade spaces are business opportunities - Selling and Competition Gap-Balancing risk and homeowner expectations * Homeowner Expectations and Priorities - Focused on "house beautiful" until technical failure occurs - Health related issues - Opportunity to conserve energy - Cost vs. value-"inexpensive additional space" - Expectations not aligned with physical realities.

473

An Assessment of the Relationship Between Marketing, Information and Strategy Formulation in the UK Retail Banking Sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the expanding retail banking sector of the 1990s, companies have to become increasingly customer-focused. Due to intense competition and the rapidity of change in the external environment, strategic planning in the industry has had to focus more directly ...

J Broady-Preston; Te Hayward

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Classes and Grades of Ductile Iron  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Ductile iron properties of various industry and international standards...Table 1 Ductile iron properties of various industry and international standards Grade Tensile strength 0.2% offset yield

475

Requirements Flowdown and Graded Approach to QA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document provides the method for applying a graded approach to procurement activities across Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management (EM).  The document is to be used by EM...

476

Commercial Grade Dedication Survey and Training  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This survey was conducted to obtain input from EM contractors on processes used to perform Commercial Grade Item (CGI) dedication.  The intended use of this information is to form the basis for...

477

Sub-Grade Corrosion Inspection Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electric power industry maintains an immense number of transmission and distribution structures that are subject to sub-grade corrosion. As this vast fleet ages, the inspection, assessment, and maintenance of existing facilities have become increasingly important topics. This report is a comprehensive summary of corrosion basics as they apply to sub-grade corrosion in tubular structures. Coverage includes the electrochemical mechanisms of corrosion, types of corrosion, laboratory methods for measurin...

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

478

Five lectures on optimal transportation: Geometry, regularity and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this series of lectures we introduce the Monge-Kantorovich problem of optimally transporting one distribution of mass onto another, where optimality is measured against a cost function c(x,y). Connections to geometry, inequalities, and partial differential equations will be discussed, focusing in particular on recent developments in the regularity theory for Monge-Ampere type equations. An application to microeconomics will also be described, which amounts to finding the equilibrium price distribution for a monopolist marketing a multidimensional line of products to a population of anonymous agents whose preferences are known only statistically.

Guillen, Nestor

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Gravitation and regular Universe without dark energy and dark matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that isotropic cosmology in the Riemann-Cartan spacetime allows to solve the problem of cosmological singularity as well as the problems of invisible matter components - dark energy and dark matter. All cosmological models filled with usual gravitating matter satisfying energy dominance conditions are regular with respect to energy density, spacetime metrics and the Hubble parameter. At asymptotics cosmological solutions of spatially flat models describe accelerating Universe without dark energy and dark matter, and quantitatively their behaviour is identical to that of standard cosmological \\Lambda CDM-model.

A. V. Minkevich

2011-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

480

Thin-shell wormholes from regular charged black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate a new thin-shell wormhole constructed by surgically grafting two regular charged black holes arising from the action using nonlinear electrodynamics coupled to general relativity. The stress-energy components within the shell violate the null and weak energy conditions but obey the strong energy condition. We study the stability in two ways: (i) taking a specific equation of state at the throat and (ii) analyzing the stability to linearized spherically symmetric perturbations about a static equilibrium solution. Various other aspects of this thin-shell wormhole are also analyzed.

F. Rahaman; K A Rahman; Sk. A Rakib; Peter K. F. Kuhfittig

2009-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.7 Retail Markets and Companies  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

6 6 Energy Benchmarks for Newly Constructed Retail Buildings, by Selected City and End-Use (thousand Btu per square foot) IECC Climate Zone Miami 1A Houston 2A Phoenix 2B Atlanta 3A Los Angeles 3B Las Vegas 3B San Francisco 3C Baltimore 4A Albuquerque 4B Seattle 4C Chicago 5A Boulder 5B Minneapolis 6A Helena 6B Duluth 7 Fairbanks 8 Note(s): Source(s): 108.9 0.1 9.4 Commercial building energy benchmarks are based off of the current stock of commercial buildings and reflect 2004 ASHRAE 90.1 Climate Zones. They are designed to provide a consistent baseline to compare building performance in energy-use simulations. The benchmark building had 24,683 square feet and 1 floor. Benchmark interior lighting energy = 19.2 thousand Btu/SF. Interior equipment energy consumption = 7.63 thousand Btu/SF.

482

Business Case for Installing E85 at Retail Stations, Clean Cities Fact Sheet  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

January 2008 January 2008 Fact Sheet In a business environment where there are up to four gas stations on every major intersection, it's hard for retailers to differentiate themselves from their competitors. One way station owners can distinguish themselves and make a profit is to add alternative fuels, such as E85 (85% ethanol, 15% gasoline), to their product mix. When pricing and availability of the fuel are positive, adding E85 can be a profitable move that can position a station as "green." Offering E85 allows stations to attract customers who already own one of the approximately 6 million flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) currently on U.S. roadways. These drivers may be attracted to a station offering a region- ally produced fuel that displaces imported petroleum.

483

EVALUATION OF THE INDOOR AIR QUALITY PROCEDURE FOR USE IN RETAIL BUILDINGS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluation of the Indoor Air Quality Evaluation of the Indoor Air Quality Procedure for Use in Retail Buildings Spencer M. Dutton, Wanyu R. Chan, Mark J. Mendell, Marcella Barrios, Srinandini Parthasarathy, Meera Sidheswaran, Douglas P. Sullivan, Katerina Eliseeva, William J. Fisk Environmental Energy Technologies Division Indoor Environment Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, CA 94720 February 1, 2013 The research reported here was supported by the California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program, Energy-Related Environmental Research Program, award number 500-09-049.The study was additionally supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC02-05CH11231.

484

EREV and BEV Economic Viability vs. Household Retail Electric Pricing Strategies: Two Charges a Day?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EREV and BEV Economic Viability vs. EREV and BEV Economic Viability vs. Household Retail Electric Pricing Strategies: Two Charges a Day? By Dan Santini Argonne National Laboratory dsantini@anl.gov Remarks are attributable only to the author; not to Argonne or U.S. Department of Energy NAATBatt Conference: The Impact of PEVs on T&D Systems: Challenges and Solutions Dec. 7, 2010 The submitted manuscript has been created by Argonne National Laboratory, a U.S. Department of Energy laboratory managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. The U.S. Government retains for itself, and others acting on its behalf, a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in said article to reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly,

485

Benchmarking and Equipment and Controls Assessment for a 'Big Box' Retail Chain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper describes work to enable improved energy performance of existing and new retail stores belonging to a national chain and thereby also identify measures and tools that would improve the performance of 'big box' stores generally. A detailed energy simulation model of a standard store design was developed and used to: (1) demonstrate the benefits of benchmarking the energy performance of retail stores of relatively standard design using baselines derived from simulation, (2) identify cost-effective improvements in the efficiency of components to be incorporated in the next design cycle, and (3) use simulation to identify potential control strategy improvements that could be adopted in all stores, improving operational efficiency. The core enabling task of the project was to develop an energy model of the current standard design using the EnergyPlus simulation program. For the purpose of verification of the model against actual utility bills, the model was reconfigured to represent twelve existing stores (seven relatively new stores and five older stores) in different US climates and simulations were performed using weather data obtained from the National Weather Service. The results of this exercise, which showed generally good agreement between predicted and measured total energy use, suggest that dynamic benchmarking based on energy simulation would be an effective tool for identifying operational problems that affect whole building energy use. The models of the seven newer stores were then configured with manufacturers performance data for the equipment specified in the current design and used to assess the energy and cost benefits of increasing the efficiency of selected HVAC, lighting and envelope components. The greatest potential for cost-effective energy savings appears to be a substantial increase in the efficiency of the blowers in the roof top units and improvements in the efficiency of the lighting. The energy benefits of economizers on the roof-top units were analyzed and found to be very sensitive to the operation of the exhaust fans used to control building pressurization.

Haves, Philip; Coffey, Brian; Williams, Scott

2008-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

486

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics ofCommercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

SciTech Connect

To achieve a sizable and self-sustaining market for grid-connected, customer-sited photovoltaic (PV) systems, solar will likely need to be competitive with retail electricity rates. In this report, we examine the impact of retail rate design on the economic value of commercial PV systems in California. Using 15-minute interval building load and PV production data from 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial customer retail rates currently offered in the state. We find that the specifics of the rate structure, combined with the characteristics of the customer's underlying load and the size of the PV system, can have a substantial impact on the customer-economics of commercial PV systems. Key conclusions for policymakers that emerge from our analysis are as follows: {sm_bullet} Rate design is fundamental to the economics of commercial PV. The rate-reduction value of PV for our sample of commercial customers, considering all available retail tariffs, ranges from $0.05/kWh to $0.24/kWh, reflecting differences in rate structures, the revenue requirements of the various utilities, the size of the PV system relative to building load, and customer load shapes. For the average customer in our sample, differences in rate structure, alone, alter the value of PV by 25% to 75%, depending on the size of the PV system relative to building load. {sm_bullet} TOU-based energy-focused rates can provide substantial value to many PV customers. Retail rates that wrap all or most utility cost recovery needs into time-of-use (TOU)-based volumetric energy rates, and which exclude or limit demand-based charges, provide the most value to PV systems across a wide variety of circumstances. Expanding the availability of such rates will increase the value of many commercial PV systems. {sm_bullet} Offering commercial customers a variety of rate options would be of value to PV. Despite the advantages of energy-focused rates for PV, requiring the use of these tariffs would disadvantage some commercial PV installations. In particular, for PV systems that serve less than 25-50% of annual customer load, the characteristics of the customer's underlying load profile often determine the most favorable rate structure, and energy-focused rate structures may not be ideal for many commercial-customer load shapes. Regulators that wish to establish rates that are beneficial to a range of PV applications should therefore consider allowing customers to choose from among a number of different rate structures. {sm_bullet} Eliminating net metering can significantly degrade the economics of PV systems that serve a large percentage of building load. Under the assumptions stipulated in this report, we find that an elimination of net metering could, in some circumstances, result in more than a 25% loss in the rate-reduction value of commercial PV. As long as annual solar output is less than roughly 25% of customer load and excess PV production can be sold to the local utility at a rate above $0.05/kWh, however, elimination of net metering is found to rarely result in a financial loss of greater than 5% of the rate-reduction value of PV. More detailed conclusions on the rate-reduction value of commercial PV include: {sm_bullet} Commercial PV systems can sometimes greatly reduce demand charges. Though energy-focused retail rates often offer the greatest rate reduction value, commercial PV installations can generate significant reductions in demand charges, in some cases constituting 10-50% of the total rate savings derived from PV installations. These savings, however, depend highly on the size of the PV system relative to building load, on the customer's load shape, and on the design of the demand charge itself. {sm_bullet} The value of demand charge reductions declines with PV system size. At high levels of PV penetration, the value of PV-induced demand charge savings on a $/kWh basis can drop substantially. As a result, the rate-reduction value of PV can decline by up to one-half when a PV system m

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

487

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics ofCommercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

SciTech Connect

To achieve a sizable and self-sustaining market for grid-connected, customer-sited photovoltaic (PV) systems, solar will likely need to be competitive with retail electricity rates. In this report, we examine the impact of retail rate design on the economic value of commercial PV systems in California. Using 15-minute interval building load and PV production data from 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial customer retail rates currently offered in the state. We find that the specifics of the rate structure, combined with the characteristics of the customer's underlying load and the size of the PV system, can have a substantial impact on the customer-economics of commercial PV systems. Key conclusions for policymakers that emerge from our analysis are as follows: {sm_bullet} Rate design is fundamental to the economics of commercial PV. The rate-reduction value of PV for our sample of commercial customers, considering all available retail tariffs, ranges from $0.05/kWh to $0.24/kWh, reflecting differences in rate structures, the revenue requirements of the various utilities, the size of the PV system relative to building load, and customer load shapes. For the average customer in our sample, differences in rate structure, alone, alter the value of PV by 25% to 75%, depending on the size of the PV system relative to building load. {sm_bullet} TOU-based energy-focused rates can provide substantial value to many PV customers. Retail rates that wrap all or most utility cost recovery needs into time-of-use (TOU)-based volumetric energy rates, and which exclude or limit demand-based charges, provide the most value to PV systems across a wide variety of circumstances. Expanding the availability of such rates will increase the value of many commercial PV systems. {sm_bullet} Offering commercial customers a variety of rate options would be of value to PV. Despite the advantages of energy-focused rates for PV, requiring the use of these tariffs would disadvantage some commercial PV installations. In particular, for PV systems that serve less than 25-50% of annual customer load, the characteristics of the customer's underlying load profile often determine the most favorable rate structure, and energy-focused rate structures may not be ideal for many commercial-customer load shapes. Regulators that wish to establish rates that are beneficial to a range of PV applications should therefore consider allowing customers to choose from among a number of different rate structures. {sm_bullet} Eliminating net metering can significantly degrade the economics of PV systems that serve a large percentage of building load. Under the assumptions stipulated in this report, we find that an elimination of net metering could, in some circumstances, result in more than a 25% loss in the rate-reduction value of commercial PV. As long as annual solar output is less than roughly 25% of customer load and excess PV production can be sold to the local utility at a rate above $0.05/kWh, however, elimination of net metering is found to rarely result in a financial loss of greater than 5% of the rate-reduction value of PV. More detailed conclusions on the rate-reduction value of commercial PV include: {sm_bullet} Commercial PV systems can sometimes greatly reduce demand charges. Though energy-focused retail rates often offer the greatest rate reduction value, commercial PV installations can generate significant reductions in demand charges, in some cases constituting 10-50% of the total rate savings derived from PV installations. These savings, however, depend highly on the size of the PV system relative to building load, on the customer's load shape, and on the design of the demand charge itself. {sm_bullet} The value of demand charge reductions declines with PV system size. At high levels of PV penetration, the value of PV-induced demand charge savings on a $/kWh basis can drop substantially. As a result, the rate-reduction value of PV can decline by up to one-half when a PV system meets 75% rather

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

488

GLOBAL OPTIMIZATION METHODS FOR GRAVITATIONAL LENS SYSTEMS WITH REGULARIZED SOURCES  

SciTech Connect

Several approaches exist to model gravitational lens systems. In this study, we apply global optimization methods to find the optimal set of lens parameters using a genetic algorithm. We treat the full optimization procedure as a two-step process: an analytical description of the source plane intensity distribution is used to find an initial approximation to the optimal lens parameters; the second stage of the optimization uses a pixelated source plane with the semilinear method to determine an optimal source. Regularization is handled by means of an iterative method and the generalized cross validation (GCV) and unbiased predictive risk estimator (UPRE) functions that are commonly used in standard image deconvolution problems. This approach simultaneously estimates the optimal regularization parameter and the number of degrees of freedom in the source. Using the GCV and UPRE functions, we are able to justify an estimation of the number of source degrees of freedom found in previous work. We test our approach by applying our code to a subset of the lens systems included in the SLACS survey.

Rogers, Adam; Fiege, Jason D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T-2N2 (Canada)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

S1/2 Regularization Methods and Fixed Point Algorithms for Affine ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... H. Guo, and Y. Wang et al, Representation of ?1/2 regularizer among ?q (0 phase diagram, Acta Autom.

490

$C^{1,\\al}$ regularity of solutions to parabolic Monge-Amp\\'ere equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study interior $C^{1, \\al}$ regularity of viscosity solutions of the parabolic Monge-Amp\\'ere equation

Daskalopoulos, Panagiota

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Smoothness criteria for Navier-Stokes equations in terms of regularity along the steam lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article is devoted to a regularity criteria for solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations in terms of regularity along the stream lines. More precisely, we prove that a suitable weak solution for the Navier-Stokes equations is regular under some constraint on the second derivative of |u| along the stream lines.

Chan, Chi Hin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Automated Regularization Parameter Selection in Multi-Scale Total Variation Models for Image Restoration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi-scale total variation models for image restoration are introduced. The models utilize a spatially dependent regularization parameter in order to enhance image regions containing details while still sufficiently smoothing homogeneous features. The ... Keywords: Hierarchical decomposition, Local variance estimator, Order statistics, Primal-dual method, Semismooth Newton method, Spatially dependent regularization parameter, Total variation regularization

Yiqiu Dong; Michael Hintermüller; M. Monserrat Rincon-Camacho

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Review of Commercial Grade Dedication Plans for the Safety Instrumente...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

... 10 Acronyms BPCS Basic Process Control System CGD Commercial Grade Dedication CHAP Consolidated Hazard Analysis Process...

494

Introductory Material Grade Level& Content Area: Grade 6-8 Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introductory Material Grade Level& Content Area: Grade 6-8 Physics Title of Lesson: ENERGY Main Concept/Big Idea: Energy and its types Objective: TSWBAT Accurately define energy Accurately compare and contrast the two types of energy Standards: Standard 3.2.10.B2: Explain how the overall energy flowing

VanDieren, Monica

495

Axial grading of inert matrix fuels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Burning actinides in an inert matrix fuel to 750 MWd/kg IHM results in a significant reduction in transuranic isotopes. However, achieving this level of burnup in a standard light water reactor would require residence times that are twice that of uranium dioxide fuels. The reactivity of an inert matrix assembly at the end of life is less than 1/3 of its beginning of life reactivity leading to undesirable radial and axial power peaking in the reactor core. Here we show that axial grading of the inert matrix fuel rods can reduce peaking significantly. Monte Carlo simulations are used to model the assembly level power distributions in both ungraded and graded fuel rods. The results show that an axial grading of uranium dioxide and inert matrix fuels with erbium can reduces power peaking by more than 50% in the axial direction. The reduction in power peaking enables the core to operate at significantly higher power. (authors)

Recktenwald, G. D.; Deinert, M. R. [Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Resolution in Support of Customer "Right-to-Know" and Product Labeling Standards for the Retail Marketing of Electricity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resolution in Support of Customer Resolution in Support of Customer "Right-to-Know" and Product Labeling Standards for the Retail Marketing of Electricity WHEREAS, At least 30 million consumers in six States will begin choosing among competitive electricity providers in early 1998 and retail access to competing electricity suppliers is under consideration in many other states; and WHEREAS, Electricity purchases make up a significant portion of the budget of many households; and WHEREAS, The production of electricity imposes very substantial resource and environmental impacts; and WHEREAS, Pilot retail access programs have shown that customer confusion and misleading claims are highly likely; and WHEREAS, Clear and uniform disclosure may promote efficiency through informed product comparisons; and informed customer choice cannot occur in a retail electricity

497

Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

default electricity rate in the United States, especiallystates, including Washington, Louisiana, or Arkansas, have total residential electricity ratesStates are often compensated at the customer’s underlying retail electricity rate

Darghouth, Naim Richard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the Economics of Solar PV: Could Mandatory Time-of-Usea Substantial Benefit of Solar PV. The Electricity JournalMRW and Associates, 2007. Solar PV and Retail Rate Design (

Darghouth, Naim Richard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Efficient Decompositional Model-Checking for Regular Timing Diagrams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is a growing need to make verification tools easier to use. A solution that does not require redesigning the tool is to construct front-ends providing specification notations that are close to those used in practice. Timing diagrams are such a widely used graphical notation, one that is often more appealing than a "linear" textual notation. This paper introduces a class of timing diagrams called Regular Timing Diagrams (RTDs). RTDs have a precise syntax and a formal semantics that is simple and corresponds to common usage. In addition, RTDs have an inherent compositional structure, which is exploited to provide an efficient algorithm for model-checking an RTD with respect to a system description. The algorithm has time complexity that is a small polynomial in the size of the diagram and linear in the size of the structure. We demonstrate the applicability of our algorithms by verifying that a master-slave system satisfies its specification RTDs.

Nina Amla; E. Allen Emerson; Kedar S. Namjoshi

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Small particle limits in a regularized Laplacian random growth model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a regularized version of Hastings-Levitov planar random growth that models clusters formed by the aggregation of diffusing particles. In this model, the growing clusters are defined in terms of iterated slit maps whose capacities are given by c_n=c|\\Phi_{n-1}'(e^{\\sigma+i\\theta_n})|^{-\\alpha}, \\alpha \\geq 0, where c>0 is the capacity of the first particle, {\\Phi_n}_n are the composed conformal maps defining the clusters of the evolution, {\\theta_n}_n are independent uniform angles determining the positions at which particles are attached, and \\sigma>0 is a regularization parameter which we take to depend on c. We prove that under an appropriate rescaling of time, in the limit as c converges to 0, the clusters converge to growing disks with deterministic capacities, provided that \\sigma does not converge to 0 too fast. We then establish scaling limits for the harmonic measure flow, showing that by letting \\alpha tend to 0 at different rates it converges to either the Brownian web on the circle, a stopped version of the Brownian web on the circle, or the identity map. As the harmonic measure flow is closely related to the internal branching structure within the cluster, the above three cases intuitively correspond to the number of infinite branches in the model being either 1, a random number whose distribution we obtain, or unbounded, in the limit as c converges to 0. We also present several findings based on simulations of the model with parameter choices not covered by our rigorous analysis.

Fredrik Johansson Viklund; Alan Sola; Amanda Turner

2013-09-09T23:59:59.000Z