Sample records for regular conventional retail

  1. Retail Prices for Regular Gasoline - Conventional Areas

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection TechnicalResonant Soft X-Ray Scattering of0October 17,Results842.668

  2. Retail Prices for Regular Gasoline

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001) -heating oil pricepropanepropane780 2.835 2.812 2.801

  3. Retail Electricity Competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul; Tirole, Jean

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reliability and Competitive Electricity Markets” mimeo, MITCSEM WP 130 Retail Electricity Competition * Paul Joskow andwww.ucei.org Retail Electricity Competition ? Paul Joskow †

  4. Empirical Regularities of Asymmetric Pricing in the Gasoline Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niebur, Ernst

    pricing in the retail gasoline industry, and also documents empirical regularities in the market. I find of asymmetric price movements in the retail gasoline industry. Yet, there is no general agreement as to whether asym- metric pricing is widespread throughout the retail gasoline industry or merely an anomaly

  5. Retail Prices for Regular Gasoline - Reformulated Areas

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection TechnicalResonant Soft X-Ray Scattering of0October

  6. CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RETAIL PRICES CONTENTS Page Tuna, Canned White Meat Tuna. (Albacore), Solid Pack, In Oil All BrandsCANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE BUREAU PRICES APRIL 1959 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch of Market Development FISHERY

  7. CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRICES CONTENTS Page Tuna, Canned White Meat Tuna (Albacore), Solid Pack, In Oil All Brands ExceptCANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES JUNE ll959 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDUFE, Commissioner CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES JUNE 1959 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch

  8. Retail electricity competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze a number of unstudied aspects of retail electricity competition. We first explore the implications of load profiling of consumers whose traditional meters do not allow for measurement of their real time consumption, ...

  9. CALiPER Retail Lamps Study 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Royer, Michael P.; Beeson, Tracy A.

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The CALiPER program first began investigating LED lamps sold at retail stores in 2010, purchasing 33 products from eight retailers and covering six product categories. The findings revealed a fragmented marketplace, with large disparities in performance of different products, accuracy of manufacturer claims, and offerings from different retail outlets. Although there were some good products, looking back many would not be considered viable competitors to other available options, with too little lumen output, not high enough efficacy, or poor color quality. CALiPER took another look in late 2011purchasing 38 products of five different types from nine retailers and the improvement was marked. Performance was up; retailer claims were more accurate; and the price per lumen and price per unit efficacy were down, although the price per product had not changed much. Nonetheless, there was still plenty of room for improvement, with the performance of LED lamps not yet reaching that of well-established classes of conventional lamps (e.g., 75 W incandescent A19 lamps). Since the second retail lamp study was published in early 2012, there has been substantial progress in all aspects of LED lamps available from retailers. To document this progress, CALiPER again purchased a sample of lamps from retail stores 46 products in total, focusing on A19, PAR30, and MR16 lamps but instead of a random sample, sought to select products to answer specific hypotheses about performance. These hypotheses focused on expanding ranges of LED equivalency, the accuracy of lifetime claims, efficacy and price trends, as well as changes to product designs. Among other results, key findings include: There are now very good LED options to compete with 60 W, 75 W, and 100 W incandescent A19 lamps, and 75 W halogen PAR30 lamps. MR16 lamps have shown less progress, but there are now acceptable alternatives to 35 W, 12 V halogen MR16 lamps and 50 W, 120 V halogen MR16 lamps for some applications. Other uses, such as in enclosed luminaires, may require more development. At the same price point, lamps purchased in 2013 tended to have higher output and slightly higher efficacy than in 2011 or 2010. Over 30% of the products purchased in 2013 exceeded the maximum efficacy measured in 2011 (71 lm/W), with the most efficacious product measured at 105 lm/W. There appears to be increasing consistency in color quality, with a vast majority of products having a CCT of 2700 K or 3000 K and a CRI between 80 and 85. There were also fewer poor performing products tested and more high-performing products available in 2013 than in previous years. The accuracy of equivalency and performance claims was better than in 2011, but remains a concern, with 43% of tested products failing to completely meet their equivalency claim and 20% of products failing to match the manufacturer’s performance data. Although progress has been substantial, on average LED lamps remain more expensive than other energy efficiency lighting technologies -- although some aspects can be superior. Although not universal to all product lines or all product types, the issue of insufficient lumen output from LED lamps is waning. Thus, manufacturers can focus on other issues, such as reducing cost, improving electrical/dimmer compatibility, eliminating flicker, or improving color quality. While these issues are not inherent to all products, they remain a concern for the broader market.

  10. Edgeworth Price Cycles: Evidence from the Toronto Retail Gasoline Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Michael

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Johnson. “Gas Wars: Retail Gasoline Price Fluctua- tions”,Canadian cities, retail gasoline prices are very volatileset of twelve-hourly retail gasoline prices for 22 service

  11. Retail Policies and Competition in the Gasoline Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, Jim

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    wholesale gasoline prices and retail prices. It includes theTable 4 - Gasoline Price Components Year Retail Price TaxesSupply Lower Retail Gasoline Prices? ” Contemporary Economic

  12. Contractual form, retail price and asset characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepard, Andrea

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Predictions derived from a principal-agent analysis of the manufacturer-retailer relationship are derived and tested using microdata on contractual form, outlet characteristics and retail prices for gasoline stations in ...

  13. CSEM WP 130 Retail Electricity Competition*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    aspects of retail electricity competition. We first explore the implications of load profiling optimal given load-profiling and retail competition. Fi- nally, we consider the effects of physical consumers are homogeneous up to a scaling factor. In general, the combination of retail competition and load

  14. RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    electricity generators who report meter data to a system operator to also report generation, fuel type requires retail providers of electricity to disclose fuel source information to consumers about, and fuel type consumed (as a percentage of generation) data to the system operator on a quarterly basis

  15. RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, COMMISSIONREPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ." All retail providers of electricity must disclose fuel source information to consumers about's default product. #12;- 2 - The law also requires all electricity generators who report meter data to a system operator to also report generation (in kWh), generator technology, and fuel type consumed (as

  16. Residential property values and neighborhood retail : a comparison of pedestrian and automobile oriented retail clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiffany, Thacher

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study tests the hypothesis that home buyers pay a premium to live within walking distance of pedestrian accessible retail. To answer this question two types of retail clusters are identified in the Boston metropolitan ...

  17. Setting a retail generation credit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacobs, J.M.

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While the additional cost components will vary depending on the way that the wholesale energy component is calculated, at minimum a generation credit should recognize the following costs: Additional value of shaping or load-following; Premia associated with the risks of serving retail load; Transmission costs incurred by competitive suppliers; Commercial costs; and Reasonable profits. In this article the author reviews the construction of a generation credit, starting with three different ways to compute the wholesale cost of electric energy--as a forecast, as a forward price, or from the spot market--and then moving to consideration of additional cost items. Throughout the authors attempts to estimate the costs an efficient competitor will incur in order to illustrate the difference between a retail generation credit and a wholesale price index.

  18. Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    square-foot-price IL Retail rental IL Gasoline IL Gasolinesquare-foot-price IL Retail rental IL Gasoline IL Gasolineprices and retail wages also look reasonable for some states; in general, increases in gasoline

  19. Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    square-foot-price IL Retail rental IL Gasoline IL Gasolinesquare-foot-price IL Retail rental IL Gasoline IL Gasolineprices and retail wages also look reasonable for some states; in general, increases in gasoline

  20. An assessment of the value of retail ready packaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Kathleen Anne

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Use of retail-ready packaging reduces the costs of replenishing store shelves by eliminating the labor of removing packaging materials and stocking individual items on shelves. While reducing costs for retailers, retail-ready ...

  1. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commission (FERC) 2008a. “Wholesale Competition in RegionsDemand Response into Wholesale Electricity Markets,” (URL:1 2. Wholesale and Retails Electricity Markets in

  2. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    23 ii Retail Demand Response in SPP List of Figures and10 Figure 3. Demand Response Resources by11 Figure 4. Existing Demand Response Resources by Type of

  3. REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY The...

  4. Integrated Retail & Wholesale Power System Operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Integrated Retail & Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality PIs: Dionysios Retail/Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality Project PIs: Dionysios Aliprantis (open-source release): AMES Wholesale Power Market Testbed (ISU) + GridLAB-D distribution platform (DOE

  5. prescription drug program highlights retail pharmacy prescriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharer, John E.

    prescription drug program highlights SHIP retail pharmacy prescriptions The informedRx retail interactions and duplicate therapies. Brand name and generic drugs are included in your pharmacy benefit, but you will save the most money by selecting generic drug options when available. On myinformedRx.com you

  6. Retail Sales Allocation Tool (RSAT)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection TechnicalResonant Soft X-Ray Scattering of0OctoberRetail Sales

  7. Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Matt

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Behavior of Retail Gasoline Prices: Symmetric or Not? ”Adjustment of U.K. Retail Gasoline Prices to Cost Changes. ”documented that retail gasoline prices respond more quickly

  8. Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Matt

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Adjustment of U.K. Retail Gasoline Prices to Cost Changes. ”The Behavior of Retail Gasoline Prices: Symmetric or Not? ”documented that retail gasoline prices respond more quickly

  9. Edgeworth Price Cycles, Cost-based Pricing and Sticky Pricing in Retail Gasoline Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Michael

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Johnson. “Gas Wars: Retail Gasoline Price Fluctua- tions”,were collected on retail gasoline prices, wholesale (rack)ancillary information. Retail gasoline prices, RET AIL mt ,

  10. Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Matt

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    George. (2004) “Retail Gasoline Price Dynamics and Localof Information and Retail Gasoline Price Behavior: Andocumented that retail gasoline prices respond more quickly

  11. Segmentation strategies for managing retail supply chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Catherine G. (Catherine Gloria)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High-technology manufacturing companies often face rapid price decline and capacity constraints. Especially in the retail side of the business where the supply chain is much longer and revenue is sometimes not recognized ...

  12. Edgeworth price cycles in retail gasoline markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Michael David, 1971-

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this dissertation, I present three essays that are motivated by the interesting and dynamic price-setting behavior of firms in Canadian retail gasoline markets. In the first essay, I examine behavior at the market level ...

  13. STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES 2005 TO 2018 Mignon Marks Principal Author Mignon Marks Project Manager David Ashuckian Manager ELECTRICITY ANALYSIS OFFICE Sylvia Bender Acting Deputy Director ELECTRICITY SUPPLY DIVISION B.B. Blevins Executive Director

  14. The LBNL Water Heater Retail Price Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekov, Alex; Glover, Julie; Lutz, Jim

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Olson, and Stuart Chaitkin (LBNL). We also want to thank ourand Mithra Moezzi, also of LBNL. This work was supported byLBNL – 44749 The LBNL Water Heater Retail Price Database

  15. The bricks, clicks, economics and mortar of contemporary retail : the consequences that retailer storing strategies and retail performance across markets have on real estate investments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fagan, Kevin William

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The retail industry in the 21st century is undergoing a confluence of transformative changes. In this paper we discuss particularly noteworthy changes related to demography, retail economics and the Internet. We note how, ...

  16. Building Out Alternative Fuel Retail Infrastructure: Government Fleet Spillovers in E85

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corts, Kenneth S.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    average county retail gasoline prices in May 2009, denotedor retail gas price, to affect margins on gasoline, which

  17. Inventory planning for low demand items in online retailing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chhaochhria, Pallav

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A large online retailer strategically stocks inventory for SKUs with low demand. The motivations are to provide a wide range of selections and faster customer fulfillment service. We assume the online retailer has the ...

  18. Communicating the value of veal to retail and food service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeill, Michael Scott

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and associated components by trained meat cutters. Each style selected (n = 6) was used to generate mean retail yields and labor requirements, which were calculated from wholesale and retail weights (kg) and processing times (s) . Means and standard errors...

  19. A Model of Vertical Restriction and Equilibrium in Retailing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bittlingmayer, George

    1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This model of distribution provides a rationale for restrictions placed on retailers by manufacturers. The manufacturer's customers are located uniformly along a road, and retailing operations are subject to increasing ...

  20. Composition of carcasses and retail cuts from lightweight heifers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzman Mirabal, Luis Alejandro

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Committee: Dr. H. R. cross Dr. J, W, Savell Twenty-nine sides from lightweight heifer carcasses, ranging from 113 to 250 kg, were fabricated into wholesale and retail cuts using standardized procedures. Retail cuts were trimmed to either zero or 0. 64... were below the ten percent fat level. Retail cut yields from the chuck, rib, loin and round for both trim levels were considerably lower than those reported in other studies. Retail cut yield from the four major wholesale cuts increased...

  1. Retailer-Wholesaler Response to State-Sponsored Marketing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neimark, Alexander V.

    Retailer-Wholesaler Response to State-Sponsored Marketing Programs: The Case of Jersey Fresh Ramu #12;Retailer-Wholesaler Response to State-Sponsored Marketing Programs: The Case of Jersey Fresh Ramu is expressed to each and every participant of the retailer and wholesaler focus group meeting and mail survey

  2. Mergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Mergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges N° 2006-08 Mai 2006 Evens SALIES OFCE hal-00972962,version1-3Apr2014 #12;Mergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges-efficiency as variables relating to price and profitability. The retail electricity market is a case in point, as high

  3. Dominion Retail Inc (Ohio) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrict of Columbia:Dominion RetailDominion Retail

  4. April 21, 2006 To all retail providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & waste 0.0% -Geothermal 4.0% -Small hydroelectric 0.7% -Solar 0.0% -Wind 0.0% Coal 38.5% Large calculates Net System Power by taking all of the generation consumed by customers in California, which we have termed "Gross System Power," and then subtracting self-generation and retail providers' specific

  5. April 16, 2007 To all retail providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & waste 0.3% -Geothermal 4.2% -Small hydroelectric 0.3% -Solar 0.0% -Wind 0.3% Coal 28.6% Large System Power by taking all of the generation consumed by customers in California, which we have termed "Gross System Power," and then subtracting self-generation and retail providers' specific claims

  6. April 15, 2005 To all retail providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    hydroelectric 1.1% -Solar 0.0% -Wind 0.2% Coal 28.9% Large hydroelectric 20.1% Natural gas 45.0% Nuclear 1 Net System Power by taking all of the generation consumed by customers in California, which we have termed "Gross System Power," and then subtracting self-generation and retail providers' specific claims

  7. Retail competition in the UK electricity sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudnick, Hugh

    residential · about 50% of total demand · used to phase in competition for coal industry · useful experience) · Initial concern about vertical integration: · between networks and activities across networks · fear-through, for 2 yrs · with 9% price reduction: end of coal protection cost · So retail competition means benefits

  8. February 8, 2002 Dear: Retail Provider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    dates: Report/Filing Due Date 2001 Annual Retail Providers Report (to Energy Commission) March 1, 2002 2001 Annual Power Content Label (to Customers)i April 15, 2002 Independent Audit/Verification of 2001 Annual Power Content Label and Annual Report (to Energy Commission) June 1, 2002 As someone involved

  9. February 10, 2003 Dear Retail Provider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that purchase electricity from a power pool that submits an Annual Report to the Energy Commission may provideFebruary 10, 2003 Dear Retail Provider: Subject: Power Source Disclosure and Customer Credit on the mailing lists for the Power Source Disclosure Program and the Customer Credit Program. As someone involved

  10. August 13, 2001 To Retail Providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://www.energy.ca.gov/regulations/retail_disclosure.html#retaildisclosure>. Sample power content labels for the "no specific purchase case" (default) and the "50% specific purchase Disclosure Regulations (SB 1305, Power Source Disclosure Program) In March of this year, the Energy Providers for providing customers with a quarterly power content label and additionally, in some cases

  11. Retail Lighting: Title 24 & Technology Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Retail Lighting: Title 24 & Technology Update Kelly Cunningham Outreach Director kcunning@ucdavis.edu California Lighting Technology Center, UC Davis RESEARCH . INNOVATION . PARTNERSHIP Supporting compliance Lighting: Title 24 and Technology Update C00005 Kelly Cunningham April 24,2014 #12;Credit(s) earned

  12. Policy Issues for Retail Beamed Power Transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    solar electric power using retail delivery of beamed power. Recent advances in power beaming have made to enable widespread adoption of this clean and sustainable contribution to meeting energy needs. It is seen to micro-renewable energy resource exploitation since wired power transmission is only cost effective over

  13. Vertical Relationships and Competition in Retail Gasoline Markets: An Empirical Evidence from Contract Changes in Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hastings, Justine

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Behavior of Retail Gasoline Prices: Symmetric or Not? ”vertical contracts and retail gasoline prices. The thirdthe differences in retail gasoline prices between markets is

  14. The modern day discount house as a separate retail establishment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broussard, Carroll James

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the economic bases for the . uccess of discount houses relative to other retail operations; 3, to determine the effect, if any, of dis- count house retailing on the historic channels of distribution; 4. to determine and predict the future of discount..., wholesale and retail, provided ad- ded incentives to move more goods, but still there were surpluses, It was now relatively easy for additional stores, such as discount houses, to obtain merchandise which they could sell at low prices because of their un...

  15. An Analysis of the Retail and Lifecycle Cost of Battery-Powered Electric Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark; Lipman, Timothy

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the retail cost and break-even gasoline price, becauseof the retail cost and the break-even gasoline price, foreven gasoline prices at least double, and initial retail

  16. To Own or Lease Solar: Understanding Commercial Retailers Decisions...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    among financing methods for businesses installing onsite photovoltaics (PV). We present case studies of PV financing strategies used by two large commercial retailers that have...

  17. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Robinson, Michael, 2008, "Demand Response in Midwest ISOPresentation at MISO Demand Response Working Group Meeting,Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO

  18. Retail Building Guide for Entrance Energy Efficiency Measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, J.; Kung, F.

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This booklet is based on the findings of an infiltration analysis for supermarkets and large retail buildings without refrigerated cases. It enables retail building managers and engineers to calculate the energy savings potential for vestibule additions for supermarkets; and bay door operation changes in large retail stores without refrigerated cases. Retail managers can use initial estimates to decide whether to engage vendors or contractors of vestibules for pricing or site-specific analyses, or to decide whether to test bay door operation changes in pilot stores, respectively.

  19. Fact #858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest Decline since 2008 Fact 858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest...

  20. Vertical Relationships and Competition in Retail Gasoline Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    , if any, of the differences in retail gasoline prices between markets is attributable to differences substantially higher retail gasoline prices than other regions of the country. For example, for the first week of August 1999, the price of reformulated gasoline in California was 39.6 cents higher than the average

  1. Revised 1997 Retail Electricity Price Forecast Principal Author: Ben Arikawa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Revised 1997 Retail Electricity Price Forecast March 1998 Principal Author: Ben Arikawa Electricity 1997 FORE08.DOC Page 1 CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION ELECTRICITY ANALYSIS OFFICE REVISED 1997 RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICE FORECAST Introduction The Electricity Analysis Office of the California Energy Commission

  2. Notes2Providers.doc -1-Notes to Retail Providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    providers that purchase electricity from a power pool that submits an Annual Report to the Energy CommissionNotes2Providers.doc -1- Notes to Retail Providers February 2003 Power Source Disclosure an energy mix or fuel mix different than the California Mix, (Net System Power)i . As a retail provider you

  3. Probabilistic regular graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertrand, Nathalie; 10.4204/EPTCS.39.6

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deterministic graph grammars generate regular graphs, that form a structural extension of configuration graphs of pushdown systems. In this paper, we study a probabilistic extension of regular graphs obtained by labelling the terminal arcs of the graph grammars by probabilities. Stochastic properties of these graphs are expressed using PCTL, a probabilistic extension of computation tree logic. We present here an algorithm to perform approximate verification of PCTL formulae. Moreover, we prove that the exact model-checking problem for PCTL on probabilistic regular graphs is undecidable, unless restricting to qualitative properties. Our results generalise those of EKM06, on probabilistic pushdown automata, using similar methods combined with graph grammars techniques.

  4. Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide Retail Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Guopeng; Liu, Bing; Zhang, Jian; Wang, Weimin; Athalye, Rahul A.; Moser, Dave; Crowe, Eliot; Bengtson, Nick; Effinger, Mark; Webster, Lia; Hatten, Mike

    2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide for Retail Buildings is a component of the Department of Energy’s Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides for Existing Buildings series. The aim of the guides is to facilitate a rapid escalation in the number of energy efficiency projects in existing buildings and to enhance the quality and depth of those projects. By presenting general project planning guidance as well as financial payback metrics for the most common energy efficiency measures, these guides provide a practical roadmap to effectively planning and implementing performance improvements for existing buildings.

  5. Marketing of Retail Signage in Different Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le, Mai

    2012-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    will be found at locations with higher quality architecture, which contributes to the overall atmosphere of a nicer area. On the other end of the spectrum, a small town like Tomball does not have luxury brands, simply because of the different target market...://www.cstx.gov/Modules/ShowDocument. aspx?documentid=5723 Code of Ordinances. (2006, December 06). Retrieved from http://library.municode.com/ index. aspx?clientId=11633 Davis, B. and Ward P. (2002). Managing Retail Consumption. Great Britain: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Ewald, W...

  6. Dominion Retail Inc (Connecticut) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrict of Columbia:Dominion Retail Inc (Connecticut)

  7. Dominion Retail Inc (Maine) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrict of Columbia:Dominion Retail Inc

  8. Dominion Retail Inc (Maryland) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrict of Columbia:Dominion Retail IncMaryland) Jump

  9. Dominion Retail Inc (Massachusetts) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrict of Columbia:Dominion Retail IncMaryland)

  10. Dominion Retail Inc (Pennsylvania) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrict of Columbia:Dominion RetailDominion

  11. Dominion Retail Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrict of Columbia:Dominion RetailDominionDominion

  12. Texas Retail Energy, LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheasternInformation TengchongTex-La ElectricTexas Retail

  13. 2014 Annual AFN Convention

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The AFN Convention is the largest representative annual gathering in the United States of any Native peoples. In addition to the memorable keynote speeches, the expert panels and special reports, the Convention features several evenings of cultural performances known as Quyana Alaska.

  14. AFN Annual Convention

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Alaska Federation of Natives (AFN) Convention is the largest representative annual gathering in the United States of any Native peoples. Delegates are elected on a population formula of one...

  15. DOE Publishes Special CALiPER Report on Retail Lamps

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy's CALiPER program has released a special report on LED lamps available through the retail marketplace and targeted toward general consumers. The report follows similar...

  16. Inventory optimization in a retail multi-echelon environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arkaresvimun, Rintiya

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the study is to find an optimal inventory distribution in a retail three-echelon environment, consisting of a supplier, a DC, and stores. An inventory model is built by replicating the echelons' periodic, ...

  17. Who stocks the shelf? : an analysis of retail replenishment strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuai, Jiaqi

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this thesis is to analyze the trade-offs of two retail replenishment strategies, DSD (Direct Store Delivery) model and Traditional model. Conceptual and cost models are set up to analyze the trade-offs, ...

  18. Demand allocation strategies in the seasonal retail industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Carin H

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Amazon.com is a publicly-held company headquartered in Seattle, Washington. It revolutionized the retail industry by being one of the first major companies to sell goods over the Internet. It is an international company ...

  19. Improving promotional effectiveness through supplier-retailer collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapur, Gautam, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the consumer products industry, retail chains and manufacturers run promotions to maintain consumer and brand loyalty. The two major issues in planning and executing promotions are to accurately forecast demand and to ...

  20. Regularizing Inverse Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Fang

    2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    (q) include ?q??(2@L^(2 ) )??q??(2@H^(1) ), |q|BV and |q|TV. However, each of these has its limitations. In this work, we develop a novel H^(s) seminorm regularization method and present numerical results for model problems. This method relies...

  1. Trends in demand for retail and wholesale cuts of meat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holloway, David Wayne

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1990 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Approved as to style and content by: Donald E. Farris (Chair of Committee) Carl E. Shafer (Member) Rudo J...

  2. Retail Buildings: Assessing and Reducing Plug and Process Loads in Retail Buildings (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plug and process loads (PPLs) in commercial buildings account for almost 5% of U.S. primary energy consumption. Minimizing these loads is a primary challenge in the design and operation of an energy-efficient building. PPLs are not related to general lighting, heating, ventilation, cooling, and water heating, and typically do not provide comfort to the occupants. They use an increasingly large fraction of the building energy use pie because the number and variety of electrical devices have increased along with building system efficiency. Reducing PPLs is difficult because energy efficiency opportunities and the equipment needed to address PPL energy use in retail spaces are poorly understood.

  3. The efficiency of wholesale vs. retail competition in electricity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bohi, D.R.; Palmer, K. [Resources for the Future, Washington, DC (United States)] [Resources for the Future, Washington, DC (United States)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If markets are sufficiently competitive, the retail model of restructuring is likely to produce a greater array of products and services and lower electricity prices, but the wholesale model may yield lower transaction costs and better encourage transmission investment. Which model is best? The answer is not known yet. A central issue in the debate over restructuring the electric power industry is the extent to which the market should be opened to competition. One aspect of this debate is whether competition ought to be restricted to the wholesale power market or extended all the way to retail customers. Some state regulators have recommended retail competition, while others, including the U.S. Department of Energy, prefer to limit competition to the wholesale level, at least until experience warrants taking the additional step. The purpose of this paper is to describe some of the potential differences in economic efficiency that could arise between the wholesale and retail competition models. The comparison is limited to the qualitative properties of two hypothetical market structures that are intended to reflect the essential differences between wholesale and retail competition. The authors are not concerned with problems of getting from today`s market structure to either end state.

  4. April 24, 2001 To all retail Providers/Wholesalers/Power Pools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    April 24, 2001 To all retail Providers/Wholesalers/Power Pools: This letter is to alert you a tradable certificates program for use by generators, pools/wholesalers and retail providers for supporting

  5. Why do we need electricity retailers?; or, can you get it cheaper wholesale?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The opportunities for retail electricity competition to provide new value-added services to retail electricity consumers are discussed. The physical attributes of electricity supply make many of the traditional "convenience ...

  6. The growth of retail REITs : an exploration of current practices and implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toth, A. Eric (Anthony Eric), 1971-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study is an exploration of the current growth activity of retail real estate investment trusts (REITs). The specific questions to be explored are: How are retail REITs currently growing, how is this growth being ...

  7. Conventional Hydropower Technologies (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet describes the DOE Water Power Program's conventional hydropower research and development efforts.

  8. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Business Models Guide: Contractor/Retailer Business Models

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Business models information focused on remodelers, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) contractors, home performance contractors, or retailers.

  9. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Heffner, Grayson; Goldman, Charles

    2009-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2007, the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) formed the Customer Response Task Force (CRTF) to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in wholesale markets and develop policies to overcome these barriers. One of the initiatives of this Task Force was to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This report describes the results of a comprehensive survey conducted by LBNL in support of the Customer Response Task Force and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into wholesale markets in the SPP region. LBNL conducted a detailed survey of existing DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs administered by SPP's member utilities. Survey respondents were asked to provide information on advance notice requirements to customers, operational triggers used to call events (e.g. system emergencies, market conditions, local emergencies), use of these DR resources to meet planning reserves requirements, DR resource availability (e.g. seasonal, annual), participant incentive structures, and monitoring and verification (M&V) protocols. Nearly all of the 30 load-serving entities in SPP responded to the survey. Of this group, fourteen SPP member utilities administer 36 DR programs, five dynamic pricing tariffs, and six voluntary customer response initiatives. These existing DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs have a peak demand reduction potential of 1,552 MW. Other major findings of this study are: o About 81percent of available DR is from interruptible rate tariffs offered to large commercial and industrial customers, while direct load control (DLC) programs account for ~;;14percent. o Arkansas accounts for ~;;50percent of the DR resources in the SPP footprint; these DR resources are primarily managed by cooperatives. o Publicly-owned cooperatives accounted for 54percent of the existing DR resources among SPP members. For these entities, investment in DR is often driven by the need to reduce summer peak demand that is used to set demand charges for each distribution cooperative. o About 65-70percent of the interruptible/curtailable tariffs and DLC programs are routinely triggered based on market conditions, not just for system emergencies. Approximately, 53percent of the DR resources are available with less than two hours advance notice and 447 MW can be dispatched with less than thirty minutes notice. o Most legacy DR programs offered a reservation payment ($/kW) for participation; incentive payment levels ranged from $0.40 to $8.30/kW-month for interruptible rate tariffs and $0.30 to $4.60/kW-month for DLC programs. A few interruptible programs offered incentive payments which were explicitly linkedto actual load reductions during events; payments ranged from 2 to 40 cents/kWh for load curtailed.

  10. Retail Lamps Study 3.1: Dimming, Flicker, and Power Quality Characteristics of LED A Lamps.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Royer, Michael P.; Poplawski, Michael E.; Brown, Charles C.

    2014-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    To date, all three reports in the retail lamps series have focused on basic performance parameters, such as lumen output, efficacy, and color quality. This report goes a step further, examining the photoelectric characteristics (i.e., dimming and flicker) of a subset of lamps from CALiPER Retails Lamps Study 3. Specifically, this report focuses on the dimming, power quality, and flicker characteristics of 14 LED A lamps, as controlled by four different retail-available dimmers. The results demonstrate notable variation across the various lamps, but little variation between the four dimmers. Overall, the LED lamps: ~tended to have higher relative light output compared to the incandescent and halogen benchmark at the same dimmer output signal (RMS voltage). The lamps’ dimming curves (i.e., the relationship between control signal and relative light output) ranged from linear to very similar to the square-law curve typical of an incandescent lamp. ~generally exhibited symmetrical behavior—the same dimming curve—when measured proceeding from maximum to minimum or minimum to maximum control signal. ~mostly dimmed below 10% of full light output, with some exceptions for specific lamp and dimmer combinations ~exhibited a range of flicker characteristics, with many comparing favorably to the level typical of a magnetically-ballasted fluorescent lamp through at least a majority of the dimming range. ~ always exceeded the relative (normalized) efficacy over the dimming range of the benchmark lamps, which rapidly decline in efficacy when they are dimmed. This report generally does not attempt to rank the performance of one product compared to another, but instead focuses on the collective performance of the group versus conventional incandescent or halogen lamps, the performance of which is likely to be the baseline for a majority of consumers. Undoubtedly, some LED lamps perform better—or more similar to conventional lamps—than others. Some perform desirably for one characteristic, but not others. Consumers (and specifiers) may have a hard time distinguishing better-performing lamps from one another; at this time, physical experimentation is likely the best evaluation tool.

  11. Effects of Price-Responsive Residential Demand on Retail and Wholesale Power Market Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    1 Effects of Price-Responsive Residential Demand on Retail and Wholesale Power Market Operations/C) on integrated retail and wholesale power market operations. The physical operations of the A/C sys- tem at wholesale conditional on A/C load, and the retail energy prices offered to residential A/C consumers

  12. Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality Leigh of the Integrated Retail/Wholesale (IRW) project at Iowa State University · IRW Test Bed development · Integration-NE, MISO, XM, RTE, MEC IRW Project: Integrated Retail/Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart

  13. 2004 Notes2Providers.doc -1-Notes to Retail Providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the meter data reported to the system operator (Retail providers that purchase electricity from a power pool2004 Notes2Providers.doc -1- Notes to Retail Providers February 2005 Power Source Disclosure than the California Mix, (Net System Power)i . As a retail provider you are probably aware that all

  14. Dominion Retail Inc (New York) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrict of Columbia:Dominion RetailDominion Retail Inc

  15. Consumer Attitudes and Handling Practices of Retailers for Lamb, Mutton and Goat.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stelly, Randall

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with respect to carcass and wholesale cuts and grade and weight of cuts, (4) seasonality of sales and (5) promotion policies and practices in selling lamh, mutton and goat meat. Types of Retail Stores Retail meat stores included in this stud! were... About 50 percent of the independent meat retailers and 2 out of 3 retailers in chain stores stated that they purchase wholesale cuts of lamb. Wholesale cuts purchased most often by inde- pendent retailers are leg, rack or rib chops and shank of lamb...

  16. Fact #858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest Decline since 2008 – Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest Decline since 2008

  17. NCAI 71st Annual Convention

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Save the date for the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) 71st Annual Convention at the Hyatt Regency Atlanta.

  18. ATNI Mid-year Convention

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians Mid-year Convention will be hosted by the Chehalis Tribe.

  19. Audio Engineering Society Convention Paper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferri, Massimo

    drops [3], on objects. It consists of conventional eyeglasses linked to a comfortable-to-carry palmtop

  20. Privacy Preserving Smart Metering System Based Retail Level Electricity Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franchetti, Franz

    1 Privacy Preserving Smart Metering System Based Retail Level Electricity Market Cory Thoma, Tao Cui, Student Member, IEEE, Franz Franchetti, Member, IEEE Abstract--Smart metering systems multi-party compu- tation (SMC) based privacy preserving smart metering system. Using the proposed SMC

  1. Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale and Retail Fuels (STSWRF)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale and Retail Fuels (STSWRF) Oak Ridge National Laboratory at the wholesaler/distributor level or below. This presents additional challenges in tracking untaxed fuel after approved ORNL's plan to conduct a Phase II Pilot Test titled Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale

  2. Reconciliation of Retailer Claims, 2005 CommissionReport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    used to provide electric services." All retail providers of electricity must disclose fuel source's default product. The law also requires all electricity generators who report meter data to a system operator to also report generation (in kilowatt-hours), generator technology, and fuel type consumed (as

  3. Retail Shelf-life Characteristics of Dry-aged Beef

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulbrich, Carson

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    counts, lactic acid bacteria, and yeast and mold counts. Surface discoloration (P = 0.007) and fat discoloration (P < 0.0001) of steaks increased as aging period and retail steak shelf-life day increased. Also, off-odor development increased (P < 0...

  4. No. 2 Distillate Prices - Through Retail Outlets

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site. IfProved(Million Barrels)21 4.65 2013 Next1.878 2.358 - -53

  5. Conventional Hydropower Technologies (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy conducts research on conventional hydropower technologies to increase generation and improve existing means of generating hydroelectricity.

  6. Tanana Chiefs Conference Annual Convention

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Tanana Chiefs Conference is holding its annual convention to discuss issues in the region, hold elections, and adopt resolutions presented by Tribes.

  7. Regularization Predicts While Discovering Taxonomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mroueh, Youssef

    2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we discuss a regularization framework to solve multi-category when the classes are described by an underlying class taxonomy. In particular we discuss how to learn the class taxonomy while learning a multi-category ...

  8. Contractual Pricing Problems for Retail Distribution under Different Channel Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Su

    2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    and Mallik (2010)) examining this setting under the wholesale price contract from supplier-driven perspective, the prior work considers Bertrand com- petition (Bertrand (1883)) between buyers. That is, “In the Bertrand model, firms simultaneously choose... of competing on quantities or prices after observing the suppliers’ wholesale prices. However, either Cournot or Bertrand competition is not involved in the buyer-driven channel. It is because after observing the suppliers’ wholesale prices, the buyers’ retail...

  9. Consumer Convenience and the Availability of Retail Stations as a Market Barrier for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melaina, M.; Bremson, J.; Solo, K.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The availability of retail stations can be a significant barrier to the adoption of alternative fuel light-duty vehicles in household markets. This is especially the case during early market growth when retail stations are likely to be sparse and when vehicles are dedicated in the sense that they can only be fuelled with a new alternative fuel. For some bi-fuel vehicles, which can also fuel with conventional gasoline or diesel, limited availability will not necessarily limit vehicle sales but can limit fuel use. The impact of limited availability on vehicle purchase decisions is largely a function of geographic coverage and consumer perception. In this paper we review previous attempts to quantify the value of availability and present results from two studies that rely upon distinct methodologies. The first study relies upon stated preference data from a discrete choice survey and the second relies upon a station clustering algorithm and a rational actor value of time framework. Results from the two studies provide an estimate of the discrepancy between stated preference cost penalties and a lower bound on potential revealed cost penalties.

  10. POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #31 - Procedures for Regularizing...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    1 - Procedures for Regularizing Illegal Appointments POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM 31 - Procedures for Regularizing Illegal Appointments As part of the Department's ongoing effort to...

  11. Indian Gaming 2013 Tradeshow & Convention

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Indian Gaming Association will host its annual tradeshow and convention on March 24-27 in Phoenix, Arizona. Be sure to visit the DOE Office of Indian Energy booth at the event.

  12. NAIHC Convention and Trade Show

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National American Indian Housing Council's (NAIHC) most longstanding Annual Event, the 39th Annual NAIHC Convention and Trade Show is an opportunity to learn about tribal housing, attend...

  13. ITCN 49th Annual Convention

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada, Inc. will be hosting its 49th Annual Convention, themed "Making a Difference for Nevada Tribes," December 8-11, 2014 at John Ascuaga’s Nugget in Sparks, Nevada.

  14. Thermodynamics of regular black hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yun Soo Myung; Yong-Wan Kim; Young-Jai Park

    2008-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate thermodynamics for a magnetically charged regular black hole (MCRBH), which comes from the action of general relativity and nonlinear electromagnetics, comparing with the Reissner-Norstr\\"om (RN) black hole in both four and two dimensions after dimensional reduction. We find that there is no thermodynamic difference between the regular and RN black holes for a fixed charge $Q$ in both dimensions. This means that the condition for either singularity or regularity at the origin of coordinate does not affect the thermodynamics of black hole. Furthermore, we describe the near-horizon AdS$_2$ thermodynamics of the MCRBH with the connection of the Jackiw-Teitelboim theory. We also identify the near-horizon entropy as the statistical entropy by using the AdS$_2$/CFT$_1$ correspondence.

  15. Traditional Inventory Models in an E-Retailing Setting: A Two-Stage Serial System with Space Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allgor, Russell

    In an e-retailing setting, the efficient utilization of inventory, storage space, and labor is paramount to achieving high levels of customer service and company profits. To optimize the storage space and labor, a retailer ...

  16. Dr. StrangeBox or : how I learned to stop worrying and love urban big box retail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Press, Jared Harding

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past decade, Big Box retailers have been trying to tap into urban markets after years of explicitly avoiding them in favor of suburban environments. In the past few years, retailers have begun experimenting with ...

  17. Does mix matter? : comparing the performance of mixed-use and single-use retail clusters during an economic downturn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Caroline (Caroline Todd)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Retail development in suburban locations has long been dominated by retail "strips" along major roadways and large, enclosed shopping malls. More compact, planned alternatives to sprawl development have been gaining in ...

  18. Dimensional regularization in configuration space

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bollini, C.G. [Facultad de Ciencias Exactas de La Universidad de La Plata, Departamento de Fisica, C.C. 67 La Plata (Argentina)] [Facultad de Ciencias Exactas de La Universidad de La Plata, Departamento de Fisica, C.C. 67 La Plata (Argentina); [Comision de Investigaciones Cientificas de La Provincia de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Giambiagi, J.J. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas--CBPF, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud, 150, 22.290-180 Rio de Janeiro RJ, (Brasil)] [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas--CBPF, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud, 150, 22.290-180 Rio de Janeiro RJ, (Brasil)

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dimensional regularization is introduced in configuration space by Fourier transforming in {nu} dimensions the perturbative momentum space Green functions. For this transformation, the Bochner theorem is used; no extra parameters, such as those of Feynman or Bogoliubov and Shirkov, are needed for convolutions. The regularized causal functions in {ital x} space have {nu}-dependent moderated singularities at the origin. They can be multiplied together and Fourier transformed (Bochner) without divergence problems. The usual ultraviolet divergences appear as poles of the resultant analytic functions of {nu}. Several examples are discussed. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  19. Evaluating Government's Policies on Promoting Smart Metering Diffusion in Retail Electricity Markets via

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Evaluating Government's Policies on Promoting Smart Metering Diffusion in Retail Electricity on promoting smart metering in the U.K. retail electricity market. We break down the policy into four possible recommendations for the energy mar- ket is the adoption of smart metering technology, which, in addition

  20. Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    1 Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality Dionysios of retail and wholesale power markets operating over transmission and distribution networks with smart-grid functionality. This test bed seams together two existing test beds, the AMES Wholesale Power Market Test Bed

  1. Fiber to the Premise (FTTP) Industry Structure: Implications of a Wholesale-Retail Split

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sirbu, Marvin

    Fiber to the Premise (FTTP) Industry Structure: Implications of a Wholesale-Retail Split Anupam. In other cases, either out of choice or regulation, we observe the network owner (the wholesaler) leasing the shared network (wholesale-retail split). The network owner can either wholesale dark fiber or "lit

  2. A conceptual framework to understand retailers' logistics1 and transport organization illustrated for groceries' goods2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A conceptual framework to understand retailers' logistics1 and transport organization ­ illustrated38 * Corresponding author9 10 11 1 IFSTTAR,12 Production Systems, logistics, Transport Organisation as retailers, through in-house or51 outsourced logistics deliveries to points of sale, have a high share

  3. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy at Waste-to-Energy usingof EnhancedRestructuring ourU.S. DepartmentRetail

  4. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR -DepartmentRetail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

  5. Reliant Energy Retail Services LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form History FacebookRegenesys Holdings Ltd JumpReliant Energy Retail

  6. Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form History FacebookRegenesys Holdings Ltd JumpReliant Energy RetailReliant

  7. Dominion Retail Inc (New Jersey) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrict of Columbia:Dominion Retail

  8. NextEra Retail of Texas LP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpen EnergyNelsoniX LtdNew EnergyCity DataNextEra Retail of

  9. Texas Retail Energy, LLC (Texas) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with formSoutheasternInformation TengchongTex-La ElectricTexas Retail Energy,

  10. ,"Motor Gasoline Sales Through Retail Outlets Prices "

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids, Expected Future ProductionNetPriceGas, WetThrough Retail

  11. Cadenas de caracteres Expresiones regulares

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giménez, Domingo

    Algoritmos, de la asignatura de Programaci´on M´aster de Bioinform´atica Cadenas y expresiones regulares´imbolos. Normalmente se almacenan en un vector (un array de una dimensi´on). Las operaciones m´as comunes son: Asignaci´on

  12. sed and awk Regular Expressions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohri, Mehryar

    at a time, like grep · Change lines of the file · Non-interactive text editor ­ Editing commands come in order to each input line. · If a command changes the input, subsequent command address will be applied and an action, where the address can be a regular expression or line number. address action command address

  13. VEHICLE NETWORKS: ACHIEVING REGULAR FORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VEHICLE NETWORKS: ACHIEVING REGULAR FORMATION MADALENA CHAVES, ROBERT DAY, LUCIA GOMEZ a network of vehicles exchanging information among themselves with the intention of achieving a specified the performance of the vehicle network. A stochastic model for information flow is also considered, allowing

  14. Regularization of Nonmonotone Variational Inequalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Konnov, Igor V. [Department of Applied Mathematics, Kazan University, ul. Kremlevskaya 18, Kazan 420008 (Russian Federation)], E-mail: Igor.Konnov@ksu.ru; Ali, M.S.S. [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo (Egypt); Mazurkevich, E.O. [Informatics Problems Institute of AS RT, Kazan 420012 (Russian Federation)

    2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we extend the Tikhonov-Browder regularization scheme from monotone to rather a general class of nonmonotone multivalued variational inequalities. We show that their convergence conditions hold for some classes of perfectly and nonperfectly competitive economic equilibrium problems.

  15. Tropical bases by regular projections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hept, Kerstin

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the tropical variety $\\mathcal{T}(I)$ of a prime ideal $I$ generated by the polynomials $f_1, ..., f_r$ and revisit the regular projection technique introduced by Bieri and Groves from a computational point of view. In particular, we show that $I$ has a short tropical basis of cardinality at most $r + \\codim I + 1$ at the price of increased degrees, and we provide a computational description of these bases.

  16. Conventional and Non-Conventional Nuclear Material Signatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gozani, Tsahi [Rapiscan Laboratories, Inc., 520 Almanor Ave., Sunnyvale, CA 94085 (United States)

    2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The detection and interdiction of concealed special nuclear material (SNM) in all modes of transport is one of the most critical security issues facing the United States and the rest of the world. In principle, detection of nuclear materials is relatively easy because of their unique properties: all of them are radioactive and all emit some characteristic gamma rays. A few emit neutrons as well. These signatures are the basis for passive non-intrusive detection of nuclear materials. The low energy of the radiations necessitates additional means of detection and validation. These are provided by high-energy x-ray radiography and by active inspection based on inducing nuclear reactions in the nuclear materials. Positive confirmation that a nuclear material is present or absent can be provided by interrogation of the inspected object with penetrating probing radiation, such as neutrons and photons. The radiation induces specific reactions in the nuclear material yielding, in turn, penetrating signatures which can be detected outside the inspected object. The 'conventional' signatures are first and foremost fission signatures: prompt and delayed neutrons and gamma rays. Their intensity (number per fission) and the fact that they have broad energy (non-discrete, though unique) distributions and certain temporal behaviors are key to their use. The 'non-conventional' signatures are not related to the fission process but to the unique nuclear structure of each element or isotope in nature. This can be accessed through the excitation of isotopic nuclear levels (discrete and continuum) by neutron inelastic scattering or gamma resonance fluorescence. Finally there is an atomic signature, namely the high atomic number (Z>74), which obviously includes all the nuclear materials and their possible shielding. The presence of such high-Z elements can be inferred by techniques using high-energy x rays. The conventional signatures have been addressed in another article. Non-conventional signatures and some of their current or potential uses will be discussed here.

  17. Life cycle analysis of lubricants from rape seed oil in comparison to conventional lubricants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. A. Reinhardt; R. Herbener; S. O. Gärtner

    Introduction and procedure Comparing with biomass-derived lubricants, in many cases conventional lubricants turn out to have disadvantages for their environmental impact, especially where losses occur during regular operation (e.g. in chainsaws) or where a leakage leads to immediate emissions into the environment as for agricultural machinery. Bio lubricants are supposed to be environmentally friendly, among other

  18. Cetane Performance and Chemistry Comparing Conventional Fuels...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Performance and Chemistry Comparing Conventional Fuels and Fuels Derived from Heavy Crude Sources Cetane Performance and Chemistry Comparing Conventional Fuels and Fuels...

  19. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Heffner, Grayson; Sedano, Richard

    2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The Organization of Midwest ISO States (OMS) launched the Midwest Demand Resource Initiative (MWDRI) in 2007 to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) region and develop policies to overcome them. The MWDRI stakeholders decided that a useful initial activity would be to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This additional detail could then be used to assess any"seams issues" affecting coordination and integration of retail DR resources with MISO's wholesale markets. Working with state regulatory agencies, we conducted a detailed survey of existing DR programs, dynamic pricing tariffs, and their features in MISO states. Utilities were asked to provide information on advance notice requirements to customers, operational triggers used to call events (e.g. system emergencies, market conditions, local emergencies), use of these DR resources to meet planning reserves requirements, DR resource availability (e.g., seasonal, annual), participant incentive structures, and monitoring and verification (M&V) protocols. This report describes the results of this comprehensive survey and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into organized wholesale markets. Survey responses from 37 MISO members and 4 non-members provided information on 141 DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs with a peak load reduction potential of 4,727 MW of retail DR resource. Major findings of this study area:- About 72percent of available DR is from interruptible rate tariffs offered to large commercial and industrial customers, while direct load control (DLC) programs account for ~;;18percent. Almost 90percent of the DR resources included in this survey are provided by investor-owned utilities. - Approximately, 90percent of the DR resources are available with less than two hours advance notice and over 1,900 MW can be dispatched on less than thirty minutes notice. These legacy DR programs are increasingly used by utilities for economic in addition to reliability purposes, with over two-thirds (68percent) of these programs callable based on market conditions. - Approximately 60percent of DLC programs and 30percent of interruptible rate programs called ten or more DR events in 2006. Despite the high frequency of DR events, customer complaints remained low. The use of economic criteria to trigger DR events and the flexibility to trigger a large number of events suggests that DR resources can help improve the efficiency of MISO wholesale markets. - Most legacy DR programs offered a reservation payment ($/kW) for participation; incentive payment levels averaged about $5/kW-month for interruptible rate tariffs and $6/kW-month for DLC programs. Few programs offered incentive payments that were explicitly linked to actual load reductions during events and at least 27 DR programs do not have penalties for non-performance. - Measurement and verification (M&V) protocols to estimate load impacts vary significantly across MISO states. Almost half of the DR programs have not been evaluated in recent times and thus performance data for DR events is not available. For many DLC programs, M&V protocols may need to be enhancedin order to allow participation in MISO's proposed EDR schedule. System operators and planners will need to develop more accurate estimates of the load reduced capability and actual performance.

  20. Foreign Direct Investment in Food Retailing: The Case of the People’s Republic of China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Au-Yeung, Amelia Y.S.

    Foreign direct investment (FDI) in food retailing has generated a considerable amount of attention in both the media and the business world throughout the 199Os, with a strong focus on Asian and Central and Eastern ...

  1. Dynamic retail assortment models with demand learning for seasonal consumer goods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caro, Felipe

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main research question we explore in this dissertation is: How should a retailer modify its product assortment over time in order to maximize overall profits for a given selling season? Historically, long development, ...

  2. A Case Study of Food Safety Culture Within a Retailer Corporate Culture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santibanez-Rivera, Rodrigo

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The retail business has been negatively affected due to the increasing customer concerns about food safety and the recent events related to microbiological and chemical contamination of food products, such as the melamine in infant formula...

  3. Market research of commercial recommendation engines for online and offline retail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duan, Yaoyao Clare

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the era of big data and predictive analytics, recommendation systems or recommendation engines that recommend merchandise or service offerings based on individual preferences have had a revolutionary impact on retail ...

  4. Big box, no more quick fixes : a historical account of consumption, retail and discount shopping typologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scanlon, Erik R

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As of 2011, the fastest growing sectors of the American economy are related to, or directly involved in the retail business. The conditions which led to this phenomenon are rooted in the fundamental precepts of capitalism, ...

  5. Managing Product Variety and Collocation in a Competitive Environment: An Empirical Investigation of Consumer Electronics Retailing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ren, Charlotte R.

    Product variety is an important strategic tool that firms can use to attract customers and respond to competition. This study focuses on the retail industry and investigates how stores manage their product variety, contingent ...

  6. Market behavior under partial price controls: the case of the retail gasoline market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Camm, F.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of firm-specific controls on the price of gasoline during 1979 and 1980, at both the wholesale and the retail level, dramatically affected the retail market for gasoline. The most visible effect was a diversity of monetary prices across service stations within particular retail market areas. Price could no longer play its usual role in clearing the retail market for gasoline. Queues and other changes in quality of service at stations arose to maintain the balance of market demand and supply. This report examines the behavior of an otherwise competitive market in the presence of such regulation-induced nonprice phenomena. In such a market, consumers consider both monetary prices and costs imposed by queues in deciding where to buy gasoline and how much to buy. Using a price-theoretic model of behavior, this paper predicts how various changes in effective price regulation affect consumers. 14 references, 7 figures, 2 tables.

  7. Retail market test: An in-depth evaluation of a new product concept for lamb.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naylor, Robert Kenneth

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Consumer panel test 42 42 43 Design of Consumer Purchase and Acceptance Test ~ 44 Retail store test 45 Test city criteria Sales analysis procedure Promotional campaign Television Newspaper Radio Point-of-Purchase 47 47 47 47 In... Multiple covariance analysis Field Organization for the Market Test 50 50 VI THE RETAIL STORE TEST 52 General Consumer Awareness 52 General Sales Analysis Lamb sales analysis Summary Pork sales analysis Beef sales analysis 53 53 57 58 59...

  8. An analysis of the threshold necessary to sustain rural Texas retail outlets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adcock, Donna P

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AN ANALYSIS OF THE THRESHOLD NECESSARY TO SUSTAIN RURAL TEXAS RETAIL OUTLETS A Thesis by DONNA PFLUGER ADCOCK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1992 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics AN ANALYSIS OF THE THRESHOLD NECESSARY TO SUSTAIN RURAL TEXAS RETAIL OUTLETS A Thesis by DONNA PFLUGER ADCOCK Approved as to style and content by: Dennis U. Fisher (Chair...

  9. Implementing the chemical weapons convention

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kellman, B.; Tanzman, E. A.

    1999-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1993, as the CWC ratification process was beginning, concerns arose that the complexity of integrating the CWC with national law could cause each nation to implement the Convention without regard to what other nations were doing, thereby causing inconsistencies among States as to how the CWC would be carried out. As a result, the author's colleagues and the author prepared the Manual for National Implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention and presented it to each national delegation at the December 1993 meeting of the Preparatory Commission in The Hague. During its preparation, the Committee of CWC Legal Experts, a group of distinguished international jurists, law professors, legally-trained diplomats, government officials, and Parliamentarians from every region of the world, including Central Europe, reviewed the Manual. In February 1998, they finished the second edition of the Manual in order to update it in light of developments since the CWC entered into force on 29 April 1997. The Manual tries to increase understanding of the Convention by identifying its obligations and suggesting methods of meeting them. Education about CWC obligations and available alternatives to comply with these requirements can facilitate national response that are consistent among States Parties. Thus, the Manual offers options that can strengthen international realization of the Convention's goals if States Parties act compatibly in implementing them. Equally important, it is intended to build confidence that the legal issues raised by the Convention are finite and addressable. They are now nearing competition of an internet version of this document so that interested persons can access it electronically and can view the full text of all of the national implementing legislation it cites. The internet address, or URL, for the internet version of the Manual is http: //www.cwc.ard.gov. This paper draws from the Manual. It comparatively addresses approximately thirty implementing issues, showing how various States Parties have enacted measures that are responsive to CWC obligations. It is intended to highlight the issues that States Parties must address and to identify trends among States Parties that might be useful to States that have not yet made crucial decisions as to how to resolve key matters. At various points in the text, country names are listed in parenthesis to identify pieces of national legislation that demonstrate the point in the text. It should not be inferred that nations not listed have not addressed the point or have taken a different position. In some cases, a nation's position is explained in somewhat more depth to give specific detail to an assertion in the text. Attached to this paper is a chart which illustrates how States Parties in the Central European region as well as the United States respond to the issues raised. Obviously, in preparing such a chart, many subtle provisions in national legislation must be simplified. The point of the chart is to portray, on a few pages, the major trends of legislation.

  10. Infrared regularization with vector mesons and baryons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. C. Bruns; Ulf-G. Meißner

    2008-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We extend the method of infrared regularization to spin-1 fields coupled to baryons. As an application, we discuss the axial form factor of the nucleon.

  11. About uniform regularity of collections of sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    About uniform regularity of collections of sets. Alexander Y. Kruger · Nguyen H. Thao. Dedicated to Asen Dontchev on the occasion of his 65th birthday and.

  12. Optimization Online - Dual Averaging Methods for Regularized ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin Xiao

    2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 15, 2010 ... ... simple minimization problem that involves the running average of all past subgradients of the loss function and the whole regularization term, ...

  13. Application of Dynamic Pricing toApplication of Dynamic Pricing to Retail and Supply Chain ManagementRetail and Supply Chain Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcotte, Patrice

    profit Variable cost Profit increase of 8.0% Capture 1% price increase Fixed cost Price is the biggestApplication of Dynamic Pricing toApplication of Dynamic Pricing to Retail and Supply Chain OF PRESENTATION ·· The pricing challengeThe pricing challenge ·· The practice of pricingThe practice of pricing

  14. Checkpointing strategies with prediction windows Regular paper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Checkpointing strategies with prediction windows Regular paper Guillaume Aupy1,3, Yves Robert1, a regular mode outside prediction windows, and a proactive mode inside prediction windows, whenever the size of these windows is large enough. We are able to compute the best period for any size of the prediction windows

  15. An Agent-Based Test Bed for the Integrated Study of Retail and Wholesale Power System Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    An Agent-Based Test Bed for the Integrated Study of Retail and Wholesale Power System Operations D study of retail and wholesale power markets operating over transmission and distribution networks with smart-grid functionality. The test bed will seam together two existing test beds, the AMES Wholesale

  16. A Nested Game-Based Optimization Framework for Electricity Retailers in the Smart Grid with Residential Users and PEVs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    A Nested Game-Based Optimization Framework for Electricity Retailers in the Smart Grid California Los Angeles, CA USA {yli760, yanzhiwa, shahin, pedram}@usc.edu Abstract--In the smart grid, real their electricity consumption, thereby improving the reliability of the grid. Retailers are incorporated

  17. M A R K E T S P O T L I G H T Optimizing Supplier-Retailer Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Kathleen

    new collaboration opportunities and driving innovation across the entire retail and manufacturing supply chain. In addition to being a new means of data collection, mobile applications and smart devices. IDC Manufacturing Insights' Supply Chain Survey found that retailers and manufacturers alike have

  18. Optimal Power Flow Formulation in Market of Retail Wheeling Taiyou Yong, Student Member, IEEE Robert Lasseter, Fellow, IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    power plants, nuclear power plants etc and selling power to consumers. The suppliers have contractsOptimal Power Flow Formulation in Market of Retail Wheeling Taiyou Yong, Student Member, IEEE at Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA Abstract: Power system deregulation along with retail wheeling

  19. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To achieve a sizable and self-sustaining market for grid-connected, customer-sited photovoltaic (PV) systems, solar will likely need to be competitive with retail electricity rates. In this report, we examine the impact of retail rate design on the economic value of commercial PV systems in California. Using 15-minute interval building load and PV production data from 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial customer retail rates currently offered in the state. We find that the specifics of the rate structure, combined with the characteristics of the customer’s underlying load and the size of the PV system, can have a substantial impact on the customer-economics of commercial PV systems.

  20. Continuum regularization of gauge theory with fermions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chan, H.S.

    1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The continuum regularization program is discussed in the case of d-dimensional gauge theory coupled to fermions in an arbitrary representation. Two physically equivalent formulations are given. First, a Grassmann formulation is presented, which is based on the two-noise Langevin equations of Sakita, Ishikawa and Alfaro and Gavela. Second, a non-Grassmann formulation is obtained by regularized integration of the matter fields within the regularized Grassmann system. Explicit perturbation expansions are studied in both formulations, and considerable simplification is found in the integrated non-Grassmann formalism.

  1. Relative efficiency benefits of wholesale and retail competition in electricity: An analysis and a research agenda

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bohi, D.R.; Palmer, K.L. [Resources for the Future, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)] [Resources for the Future, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A central issue in the debate over restructuring the electric power industry is the extent to which the market should be open to competition. One aspect of this debate is whether competition ought to be restricted to the whole sale power market or be extended to final retail consumers. This report begins to explore the potential differences in economic efficiency between wholesale and retail competition in the electric power industry. The two market-structure scenarios are defined and the factors responsible for differences in efficiency are described. The report also contains an assessment of the relative importance of the factors and recommendations for pursuing further research.

  2. The Texas Retail Meat Industry -- Structure, Operational Characteristics, and Competitive Practices.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dietrich, Raymond A.

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , supermarkets accounted for more than 90 percent of the 1,040 million pounds of fresh and processed red meat merchandised by Texas retail food stores. Grocery firms and affiliated independent groups with 11 or more stores accounted for more than four... interviewed. Forty-five percent found it difficult to estimate the effect of meat specials on total com- pany sales, since such specials were conducted on a weekly or daily basis. However, one-third of the retailers found company sales increas- ing from 1...

  3. Killing Two Birds with One Stone: Can Real-Time Pricing SupportRetail Competition and Demand Response?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbose, Galen; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Hopper,Nicole; Neenan, Bernie

    2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    As retail choice states reach the end of their transitional, rate-cap periods, state regulators must decide what type of default supply service to provide to customers that have not switched to a competitive retail supplier. In a growing number of states, regulators have adopted real-time pricing (RTP) as the default service for large commercial and industrial (C&I) customers. Although this trend is driven chiefly by policy objectives related to retail competition, default service RTP may have the added benefit of stimulating demand response. To evaluate the potential role of RTP as a means to both ends--retail market development and demand response--we conducted a comprehensive review of experience with default RTP in the U.S. and examined the emergence of RTP as a product offering by competitive retail suppliers. Across the ten utilities with default RTP in place in 2005, between 5% and 35% of the applicable load remained on the rate. Based on interviews with competitive retailers, we find evidence to suggest that a comparable amount of load in these states has switched to hourly pricing arrangements with competitive retailers. Many customers on default or competitive hourly pricing are paying prices indexed to the real-time spot market, and thus have no advance knowledge of prices. Because the price responsiveness of customers under these conditions has yet to be formally analyzed, and relatively few efforts have been undertaken to help these customers become price responsive, the actual demand response impacts from hourly pricing in retail choice states remains largely an open question. However, we find that policymakers and other stakeholders in retail choice states have various strategies at their disposal to capture the potential demand response benefits from hourly pricing, while simultaneously supporting retail competition.

  4. Regularization approach for tomosynthesis X-ray inspection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tigkos, Konstantinos; Hassler, Ulf; Holub, Wolfgang; Woerlein, Norbert; Rehak, Markus [Fraunhofer Development Center X-ray Technologies (EZRT), Dept. Application Specific Methods and Systems (AMS), Fraunhofer IIS, Flugplatzstraße 75, 90768 Fürth (Germany)

    2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    X-ray inspection is intended to be used as an escalation technique for inspection of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP) in aerospace applications, especially in case of unclear indications from ultrasonic or other NDT modalities. Due to their large dimensions, most aerospace components cannot be scanned by conventional computed tomography. In such cases, X-ray Laminography may be applied, allowing a pseudo 3D slice-by-slice reconstruction of the sample with Tomosynthesis. However, due to the limited angle acquisition geometry, reconstruction artifacts arise, especially at surfaces parallel to the imaging plane. To regularize the Tomosynthesis approach, we propose an additional prescan of the object to detect outer sample surfaces. We recommend the use of contrasted markers which are temporarily attached to the sample surfaces. The depth position of the markers is then derived from that prescan. As long as the sample surface remains simple, few markers are required to fit the respective object surfaces. The knowledge about this surface may then be used to regularize the final Tomosynthesis reconstruction, performed with markerless projections. Eventually, it can also serve as prior information for an ART reconstruction or to register a CAD model of the sample. The presented work is carried out within the European FP7 project QUICOM. We demonstrate the proposed approach within a simulation study applying an acquisition geometry suited for CFRP part inspection. A practical verification of the approach is planned later in the project.

  5. Comparison of Conventional Diesel and Reactivity Controlled...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DEER 10182012 Comparison of Conventional Diesel and Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) Combustion in a Light-Duty Engine Rolf D. Reitz and Sage L. Kokjohn Engine...

  6. Conventional Energy Forum & Associated Vertical Business Development...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    & Casino The Office of Indian Energy Tribal Leader Energy Forum on "Conventional Energy (Oil, Gas, and Coal) Forum & Associated Vertical Business Development: Best Practices in...

  7. Benefits Summary - Term Appointments in Regular Job Class | Argonne...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Term Appointments in Regular Job Class Download a brochure on benefits offered to term appointments in the regular job class (over 6 months). 2015 Long Term Appts. in Regular...

  8. # Team Name Captain REGULAR SEASON SCHEDULE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Scott

    # Team Name Captain 1 2 3 4 5 REGULAR SEASON SCHEDULE Sprt Score Team vs. Team Score Sprt Sprt Score Team vs. Team Score Sprt 1 vs. 2 3 vs. 4 2 vs. 3 4 vs. 5 1 vs. 3 2 vs. 5 3 vs. 5 1 vs. 4 2 vs. 4 1 vs. 5 # Team Name Captain 1 2 3 4 REGULAR SEASON SCHEDULE Sprt Score Team vs. Team Score Sprt Sprt

  9. Regular Languages A language L is regular if one of the following is true

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterloo, University of

    . Language of the FA: all such words · L(M) = {w * where *( q0, w) A} · or L(M) = {w * where M accepts w} LRegular Languages A language L is regular if one of the following is true: Regular Expression Language � L = � L = {} a L = {a} for some a r1* L = L1* for some regular language L1 r1 r2 L = L1 L2

  10. an epiperimetric inequality approach to the regularity of the free ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    An epiperimetric inequality for the Signorini problem. 18. 7. C1,? regularity of the regular part of the free boundary. 28. References. 39. 1. Introduction. 1.1.

  11. The role of vibrant retail electricity markets in assuring that wholesale power markets operate effectively

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goulding, A.J.; Rufin, C.; Swinand, G.

    1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Barriers to competitive supplier entry such as California's wholesale-price pass-through model can provide an almost insurmountable barrier to effective retail competition. The telecommunications, airline, and software industries provide lessons--positive and negative--on how creating competitive wholesale markets is insufficient to bring the benefits of competition to smaller consumers.

  12. Impact on retail prices of non-neutral wholesale prices for content providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Impact on retail prices of non-neutral wholesale prices for content providers Giuseppe D Atlantique Rennes, France Email: bruno.tuffin@irisa.fr Abstract--The impact of wholesale prices is examined equal wholesale prices to the two content providers), the benefits coming from wholesale price

  13. THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET: REQUERIMENTS FOR AN E-BUSINESS SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Edmundo

    THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET: REQUERIMENTS FOR AN E-BUSINESS SYSTEM Victor Santos ISCAC to Client . Abstract: In the last decade the electric energy market as changed is structure in several countries, mainly in the most developed, ones where the regulated activity of electrical companies where

  14. Analysis of Competitive Electricity Markets under a New Model of Real-Time Retail Pricing with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhatia, Sangeeta

    Analysis of Competitive Electricity Markets under a New Model of Real-Time Retail Pricing with Ex for Information and Decision Systems, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA {mardavij, mdrine loop system. Under this pricing mechanism, electricity is priced at the exant´e price (calculated based

  15. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Business Models Guide: Contractor/Retailer Description

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The home improvement market includes a range of private-sector entities that currently provide or could offer home energy upgrade services. Most of these entities are remodelers, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) contractors, home performance contractors, or retailers; other actors are present in the sector (such as window installers and insulators), but this analysis focuses on these four main categories.

  16. Retail Beamed Power for a Micro Renewable Energy Architecture: Survey Narayanan Komerath, Girish Chowdhary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    komerath@gatech.edu Abstract-- Retail delivery of electric power through millimeter waves is relevant in developing areas where the market for micro devices outpaces the power grid infrastructure. It is also for the electric power grid as well. This poses a window of opportunity for options that are compatible with micro

  17. E-BUSINESS FOR THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET A Business to Client perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Edmundo

    , real time price. Abstract: In the new deregulated market of the electricity industry the communication tool to reflect the changes made by one of the intervenients in the whole value chain. When prices prices that could take retail companies to bankruptcy, to huge blackouts that happened in Europe

  18. Refiner Prices of Gasoline, All Grades - Through Retail Outlets

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site.1 Relative Standard Errors for Table 1.1;"21 andNov-14

  19. Law as Economy: Convention, Corporation, Currency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    1015 Law as Economy: Convention, Corporation, Currency Ritu Birla* I. Law as Economy: Nomos. Law Inside/Outside Economy of an orthodox faith in economy as universal law, that is, in the free market as the law of the universe

  20. Organic agriculture cannot replace conventional agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolokolnikov, Theodore

    Organic agriculture cannot replace conventional agriculture Sina Adl , David Iron and Theodore Agriculture | Pathogen Dispersal Introduction Organic farming [1, 2] is gaining in popularity in Eu- rope, because or- ganic agriculture avoids using environmentally harmful chem- icals that pollute soil

  1. 2013 Alaska Federation of Natives Convention

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Alaska Federation of Natives (AFN) Convention is the largest representative annual gathering in the United States of any Native peoples. Delegates are elected on a population formula of one...

  2. Indian Gaming 2012 Tradeshow and Convention

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Indian Gaming Association (NIGA) 2012 tradeshow and convention will take place April 1-4, 2012, in San Diego, California. The event features seminars and trainings and other activities...

  3. Combining confinement and conventional beef production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gregg, Michael Ronald

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COMBINING CONFINEMENT AND CONVENTIONAL BEEF PRODUCTION A PROFESSIONAL PAPER by Michael Ronald Gregg Submitted to the College of Agriculture of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF AGRICULTURE December, 1985 Major Subject: Animal Science Department of Animal Science COMBINING CONFINEMENT AND CONVENTIONAL BEEF PRODUCTION A PROFESSIONAL PAPER by Michael Ronald Gregg Approved as to style and content by: Chairman, Advzso ommit ee...

  4. The random lattice as a regularization scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Alles

    1994-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A semi-analytic method to compute the first coefficients of the renormalization group functions on a random lattice is introduced. It is used to show that the two-dimensional $O(N)$ non-linear $\\sigma$-model regularized on a random lattice has the correct continuum limit. A degree $\\kappa$ of ``randomness'' in the lattice is introduced and an estimate of the ratio $\\Lambda_{random}/\\Lambda_{regular}$ for two rather opposite values of $\\kappa$ in the $\\sigma$-model is also given. This ratio turns out to depend on $\\kappa$.

  5. Should India open foreign direct investment in multi-brand retail : a case study using the Wal-Mart effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Ashish Kumar, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As India grows, driven by its success in information technology and services, there is another revolution waiting to happen in the Retail sector dependent on whether the Government of India can unshackle the various ...

  6. The role of content regulation on pricing and market power in regional retail and wholesale gasoline markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muehlegger, Erich J.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1999, regional retail and wholesale gasoline markets in the United States have experienced significant price volatility, both intertemporally and across geographic markets. This paper focuses on one potential explanation ...

  7. Product design for supply chain : quantifying the costs of complexity in Hewlett-Packard's retail desktop PC business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raphel, Aaron Matthew

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past several years, Hewlett-Packard Company's North America Consumer Computing (NACC) division has faced pressures to increase retail product variety in response to growing customer demand. As they pursue incremental ...

  8. A review of "Perceptions of Retailing in Early Modern England. Hampshire, England." by Nancy Cox and Karin Dannehl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayworth, Gene

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Daniel Defoe during the 1720s, excerpts from literature of the period, images of English townships, and retail handbills serve as the primary material from which they draw their conclusions. Concepts of shopping from eighteenth century dictionaries...

  9. Determination of the total fat content of retail cuts of pork at different external fat trim levels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sippola, Linda Katherine

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    obtained from each pork subprimal . . . . 18 3. Chemical fat mean, minimum, maximum, standard deviation, student's t-Test and composite for pork loin retail cuts trimmed to 0. 0 cm or 0. 64 cm external fat level. . 24 4. Chemical fat mean, minimum..., maximum, standard deviation, student's t-Test and composite for pork ham retail cuts trimmed to 0. 0 cm or 0. 64 cm external fat level. . . . . . . . . . . 2 5 5. Chemical moisture mean, minimum, maximum, standard deviation, student's t-Test...

  10. Regular Simplex Fingerprints and Their Optimality Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moulin, Pierre

    Regular Simplex Fingerprints and Their Optimality Properties Negar Kiyavash1 and Pierre Moulin2 1 constraints. We show that n-Simplex Fingerprints are optimal in sense of maximizing a geometric figure. Fingerprinting, Simplex codes, Error exponents. 1 Introduction Protection of digital property is an emerging need

  11. Regular simplex and periodic billiard orbit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bedaride, Nicolas

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider billiard inside regular simplex of $\\mathbb{R}^n$. We show the existence of two periodic trajectories. One of period $n+1$ which passes one time by each face and one of period $2n$ which passes $n$ times through one face and one time through each other face. In both cases we obtain exact coordinates for the periodic points.

  12. Mean Width of a Regular Simplex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finch, Steven R

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mean width is a measure on n-dimensional convex bodies. An integral formula for the mean width of a regular n-simplex appeared in the electrical engineering literature in 1997. As a consequence, expressions for the expected range of a sample of n+1 normally distributed variables, for ninfty.

  13. Regularized Discrete Optimal Transport Sira Ferradans1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . Jean-Francois.Aujol@math.u-bordeaux1.fr Abstract. This article introduces a generalization of discrete in modified images. In this article, we propose a variational formalism to relax and regularize the transport dedicated linear solvers (transportation simplex) and combinatorial algorithms (such as the Hungarian

  14. A Treecode Algorithm for Regularized Particle Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    A Treecode Algorithm for Regularized Particle Interactions Robert Krasny University of Michigan = 400 Krasny (1986) 0.275 -0.275 y 0 2x t =0 t =1 t =2 t =3 t =4 #12;t = 1 , 0 = 0.2 = 0.15 = 0.1 = 0.05 #12;closeup , = 0.05 #12;comparison : experiment / simulation Didden (1979) Nitsche & Krasny

  15. Regularization Predicts While Discovering Taxonomy Youssef Mroueh ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poggio, Tomaso

    Regularization Predicts While Discovering Taxonomy Youssef Mroueh , , Tomaso Poggio , Lorenzo are described by an underlying class taxonomy. In particular we discuss how to learn the class taxonomy while taxonomies that may lead to a more efficient classification are not exploited. Several approaches have been

  16. Deciding Definability by Deterministic Regular Expressions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (DTD) [5] and XML Schema Definition (XSD) [10], both developed by the World Wide Web Consortium, do as well. Intuitively, a regular expression is deterministic if, when reading a word from left to right. For example, the expression (a + b) b(a + b) is not deterministic, because if we read a word that starts

  17. GENERALIZED LINEAR MODELS WITH REGULARIZATION A DISSERTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hastie, Trevor

    GENERALIZED LINEAR MODELS WITH REGULARIZATION A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT Park 2006 All Rights Reserved ii #12;I certify that I have read this dissertation and that, in my opinion, it is fully adequate in scope and quality as a dissertation for the degree of Doctor

  18. Packaging and fabrication systems for extending storage life and subsequent retail caselife of pork

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rape, Steven Wayne

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    These chops were changes were (1973) further reported that bacterial counts (log ) from cuts stored in poly- vinyl chloride film were 100 to 1, 000 fold higher than those from vacuum packaged cuts. Ashby and James (1973 b) compared the effects of certain... was created by use of a stationary nozzle type vacuum n&n- Table l. Experimental design for comparisons of packaging systems for fresh pork cuts Packaging treatment Cut Number of samples Storage temperature (' C) Storage intervals (days) Retail...

  19. The Beef Nutrient Database Improvement Project: Retail Cuts From the Chuck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Sarah

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    through fabrication, and the chucks were collected in combos. They then were shipped via refrigerated truck to the Rosenthal Meat Science and Technology Center at Texas A&M University and stored (0-4 ?C) until fabrication. 3.2. Fabrication Chucks... ........................................................... 15 4.1. Separable tissue components of raw and cooked retail cuts .... 15 4.2. Proximate analysis of the separable lean ................................. 16 4.3. Cooking...

  20. E85 Retail Business Case: When and Why to Sell E85

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - LADWPPublicE85 Retail Business

  1. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, Andrew; Wiser, Ryan; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2008-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This article examines the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economic value of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems, focusing on commercial customers in California. Using 15-minute interval building load and PV production data from a sample of 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity rates currently offered in the state. Across all combinations of customers and rates, we find that the annual bill savings from PV, per kWh generated, ranges from $0.05/kWh to $0.24/kWh. This sizable range in rate-reduction value reflects differences in rate structures, revenue requirements, the size of the PV system relative to building load, and customer load shape. The most significant rate design issue for the value of commercial PV is found to be the percentage of total utility bills recovered through demand charges, though a variety of other factors are also found to be of importance. The value of net metering is found to be substantial, but only when commercial PV systems represent a sizable portion of annual customer load. Though the analysis presented here is specific to California, our general results demonstrate the fundamental importance of retail rate design for the customer-economics of grid-connected, customer-sited PV.

  2. Retail Infrastructure Costs Comparison for Hydrogen and Electricity for Light-Duty Vehicles: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melaina, M.; Sun, Y.; Bush, B.

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Both hydrogen and plug-in electric vehicles offer significant social benefits to enhance energy security and reduce criteria and greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector. However, the rollout of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) and hydrogen retail stations (HRS) requires substantial investments with high risks due to many uncertainties. We compare retail infrastructure costs on a common basis - cost per mile, assuming fueling service to 10% of all light-duty vehicles in a typical 1.5 million person city in 2025. Our analysis considers three HRS sizes, four distinct types of EVSE and two distinct EVSE scenarios. EVSE station costs, including equipment and installation, are assumed to be 15% less than today's costs. We find that levelized retail capital costs per mile are essentially indistinguishable given the uncertainty and variability around input assumptions. Total fuel costs per mile for battery electric vehicle (BEV) and plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV) are, respectively, 21% lower and 13% lower than that for hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) under the home-dominant scenario. Including fuel economies and vehicle costs makes FCEVs and BEVs comparable in terms of costs per mile, and PHEVs are about 10% less than FCEVs and BEVs. To account for geographic variability in energy prices and hydrogen delivery costs, we use the Scenario Evaluation, Regionalization and Analysis (SERA) model and confirm the aforementioned estimate of cost per mile, nationally averaged, but see a 15% variability in regional costs of FCEVs and a 5% variability in regional costs for BEVs.

  3. The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, Andrew D.; Wiser, Ryan; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This article examines the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economic value of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems, focusing on commercial customers in California. Using 15-min interval building load and PV production data from a sample of 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity rates currently offered in the state. Across all combinations of customers and rates, we find that the annual bill savings from PV, per kWh generated, ranges from $0.05 to $0.24/kWh. This sizable range in rate-reduction value reflects differences in rate structures, revenue requirements, the size of the PV system relative to building load, and customer load shape. The most significant rate design issue for the value of commercial PV is found to be the percentage of total utility bills recovered through demand charges, though a variety of other factors are also found to be of importance. The value of net metering is found to be substantial, but only when energy from commercial PV systems represents a sizable portion of annual customer load. Though the analysis presented here is specific to California, our general results demonstrate the fundamental importance of retail rate design for the customer-economics of grid-connected, customer-sited PV.

  4. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2005a. Time- varying retail electricity prices: Theory andpractice. Electricity Deregulation: Choices and Challenges.efficiency of real-time electricity pricing. Energy Journal

  5. Regularity Theorems in the Nonsymmetric Gravitational Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. W. Moffat

    1995-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Regularity theorems are presented for cosmology and gravitational collapse in non-Riemannian gravitational theories. These theorems establish conditions necessary to allow the existence of timelike and null path complete spacetimes for matter that satisfies the positive energy condition. Non-Riemannian theories of gravity can have solutions that have a non-singular beginning of the universe, and the gravitational collapse of a star does not lead to a black hole event horizon and a singularity as a final stage of collapse. A perturbatively consistent version of nonsymmetric gravitational theory is studied that, in the long-range approximation, has a nonsingular static spherically symmetric solution which is path complete, does not have black hole event horizons and has finite curvature invariants. The theory satisfies the regularity theorems for cosmology and gravitational collapse. The elimination of black holes resolves the information loss puzzle.

  6. The Effect of CO2 Pricing on Conventional and Non- Conventional Oil Supply and Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Méjean, Aurélie; Hope, Chris

    What would be the effect of CO2 pricing on global oil supply and demand? This paper introduces a model describing the interaction between conventional and non-conventional oil supply in a Hotelling framework and under CO2 constraints. The model...

  7. Comparing Evolvable Hardware to Conventional Classifiers for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hellebrand, Sybille

    Classifiers !! Experiment Setup and Results !! Discussion and Future Work Glette, Gruber, Kaufmann, Torresen than ANNs Glette, Gruber, Kaufmann, Torresen, Sick, Platzner 4 AHS 2008 #12;System Overview Glette-Application !! Conventional and Evolvable Hardware Classifiers !! Experiment Setup and Results !! Discussion and Future Work

  8. Convention on Cybercrime Budapest, 23.XI.2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    -operation in criminal matters; Convinced that the present Convention is necessary to deter action directed against, a common criminal policy aimed at the protection of society against cybercrime, inter alia, by adopting by the risk that computer networks and electronic information may also be used for committing criminal

  9. --Discussion Paper--ORGANIC AND CONVENTIONAL POTATOES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    1 --Discussion Paper-- ORGANIC AND CONVENTIONAL POTATOES: PRICING AND DEMAND, 2000-2005 I. ORGANICS). Among fresh vegetables, the top organic purchases are lettuce, tomatoes, broccoli, onions, and potatoes. Among selected vegetables, a recent US study found the largest organic premium was for potatoes (Zhang

  10. Regular expression matching and operational Hayo Thielecke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thielecke, Hayo

    / 24 #12;The EKW machine e ; k ; w e ; k ; w e1 | e2 ; k ; w e1 ; k ; w e1 | e2 ; k ; w e2 ; k ; w e1 e2 ; k ; w e1 ; e2 :: k ; w e ; k ; w e ; e :: k ; w e ; k ; w ; k ; w a ; k ; a w ; k ; w ; e :: k ; w e ; k ; w 8 / 24 #12;Regular expressions as trees/graphs in memory Expression as trees

  11. Local semicircle law for random regular graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roland Bauerschmidt; Antti Knowles; Horng-Tzer Yau

    2015-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider random $d$-regular graphs on $N$ vertices, with degree $d$ at least $(\\log N)^4$. We prove that the Green's function of the adjacency matrix and the Stieltjes transform of its empirical spectral measure are well approximated by Wigner's semicircle law, down to the optimal scale given by the typical eigenvalue spacing (up to a logarithmic correction). Aside from well-known consequences for the local eigenvalue distribution, this result implies the complete delocalization of all eigenvectors.

  12. Weighted power counting and chiral dimensional regularization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damiano Anselmi

    2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We define a modified dimensional-regularization technique that overcomes several difficulties of the ordinary technique, and is specially designed to work efficiently in chiral and parity violating quantum field theories, in arbitrary dimensions greater than 2. When the dimension of spacetime is continued to complex values, spinors, vectors and tensors keep the components they have in the physical dimension, therefore the $\\gamma $ matrices are the standard ones. Propagators are regularized with the help of evanescent higher-derivative kinetic terms, which are of the Majorana type in the case of chiral fermions. If the new terms are organized in a clever way, weighted power counting provides an efficient control on the renormalization of the theory, and allows us to show that the resulting chiral dimensional regularization is consistent to all orders. The new technique considerably simplifies the proofs of properties that hold to all orders, and makes them suitable to be generalized to wider classes of models. Typical examples are the renormalizability of chiral gauge theories and the Adler-Bardeen theorem. The difficulty of explicit computations, on the other hand, may increase.

  13. Solubility in Compressible Polymers: Beyond the Regular Solution Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albert A. Smith; P. D. Gujrati

    2006-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The age-old idea of "like dissolves like" requires a notion of "likeness" that is hard to quantify for polymers. We revisit the concepts of pure component cohesive energy density $c^{\\text{P}}$ and mutual cohesive energy density $c_{12}$ so that they can be extended to polymers. We recognize the inherent limitations of $c_{12}$ due to its very definition, which is based on the assumption of no volume of mixing (true for incompressible systems), one of the assumptions in the random mixing approximation (RMA); no such limitations are present in the identification of $c^{\\text{P}}.$ We point out that the other severe restriction on $c_{12}$ is the use of pure components in its definition because of which $c_{12}$ is not merely controlled by mutual interactions. Another quantity $c_{12}^{\\text{SRS}}$ as a measure of mutual cohesive energy density that does not suffer from the above limitations of $c_{12}$ is introduced. We also revisit the concept of the internal pressure and its relationship with the conventional and the newly defined cohesive energy densities. We pay close attention to volume of mixing effects, and carry out a comprehensive reanalysis of various quantities using a recently developed recursive lattice theory in our group, which goes beyond the regular solution theory such as the Flory-Huggins theory for polymers.

  14. Modeling of Distributed Systems by Concurrent Regular Expressions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garg, Vijay

    Modeling of Distributed Systems by Concurrent Regular Expressions Vijay K. Garg Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 We propose an algebraic model called concurrent regular expressions for modeling and anal- ysis of distributed systems

  15. Modeling of Distributed Systems by Concurrent Regular Expressions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garg, Vijay

    Modeling of Distributed Systems by Concurrent Regular Expressions Vijay K. Garg Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 We propose an algebraic model called concurrent regular expressions for modeling and anal­ ysis of distributed systems

  16. System regularities in design of experiments and their applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xiang, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation documents a meta-analysis of 113 data sets from published factorial experiments. The study quantifies regularities observed among main effects and multi-factor interactions. Such regularities are critical ...

  17. Comparison of Conventional Diesel and Reactivity Controlled Compressio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Conventional Diesel and Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) Combustion in a Light-Duty Engine Comparison of Conventional Diesel and Reactivity Controlled Compression...

  18. Public Comment re NOI on Convention on Supplementary Compensation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    NOI on Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Public Comment re NOI on Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage ENERGYSOLUTIONS' Comment in...

  19. Public Comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation for...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation Public Comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost...

  20. Conventional Hydropower Technologies, Wind And Water Power Program...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Conventional Hydropower Technologies, Wind And Water Power Program (WWPP) (Fact Sheet) Conventional Hydropower Technologies, Wind And Water Power Program (WWPP) (Fact Sheet) The US...

  1. Low Temperature Heat Release Behavior of Conventional and Alternative...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Low Temperature Heat Release Behavior of Conventional and Alternative Fuels in a Motored Engine Low Temperature Heat Release Behavior of Conventional and Alternative Fuels in a...

  2. National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management National Report Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent...

  3. On a Regular Simplex in Rn Felix Lazebnik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lazebnik, Felix

    On a Regular Simplex in Rn Felix Lazebnik We begin with stating and proving the following theorem, where all i 0 and n+1 i=1 i = 1 is called the standard regular 1 #12;simplex in Rn . If instead of distance 1 we assume all pairwise distances d > 0, we obtain a regular simplex . Here are some question

  4. Regular Variation of GARCH Processes Bojan Basrak1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Richard A.

    Regular Variation of GARCH Processes Bojan Basrak1 EURANDOM Richard A. Davis2 Colorado State University Thomas Mikosch3 University of Copenhagen Short Title: Regular Variation of GARCH Processes Abstract We show that the finite-dimensional distributions of a GARCH process are regularly varying, i

  5. Measures to implement the Chemical Weapons Convention

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tanzman, E.; Kellman, B.

    1999-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This seminar is another excellent opportunity for those involved in preventing chemical weapons production and use to learn from each other about how the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) can become a foundation of arms control in Africa and around the world. The author is grateful to the staff of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) for inviting him to address this distinguished seminar. The views expressed in this paper are those of the authors alone, and do not represent the position of the government of the US nor or of any other institution. In 1993, as the process of CWC ratification was beginning, concerns arose that the complexity of integrating the treaty with national law would cause each nation to implement the Convention without regard to what other nations were doing, thereby causing inconsistencies among States Parties in how the Convention would be carried out. As a result the Manual for National Implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention was prepared and presented it to each national delegation at the December 1993 meeting of the Preparatory Commission in The Hague. During its preparation, the Manual was reviewed by the Committee of Legal Experts on National Implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention, a group of distinguished international jurists, law professors, legally-trained diplomats, government officials, and Parliamentarians from every region of the world, including Mica. In February 1998, the second edition of the Manual was published in order to update it in light of developments since the CWC entered into force on 29 April 1997. The second edition 1998 clarified the national implementation options to reflect post-entry-into-force thinking, added extensive references to national implementing measures that had been enacted by various States Parties, and included a prototype national implementing statute developed by the authors to provide a starting point for those whose national implementing measures were still under development. Last month, the Web Edition of the Manual was completed. It's internet address, or URL, is http://www.cwc.anl.gov/.

  6. Wave regularity in curve integrable spacetimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yafet Sanchez Sanchez

    2015-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The idea of defining a gravitational singularity as an obstruction to the dynamical evolution of a test field (described by a PDE) rather than the dynamical evolution of a particle (described by a geodesics) is explored. In particular, the concept of wave regularity is introduced which serves to show that the classical singularities in curve integrable spacetimes do not interrupt the well-posedness of the wave equation. The techniques used also provide arguments that can be extended to establish when a classically singular spacetime remains singular in a semi-classical picture.

  7. Empirical examination of allegations of ''below-cost'' retail selling of gasoline by refiners: Research study No. 038

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hogarty, T.F.; Lindstrom, P.M.

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is alleged by some dealers that (major) refiners consistently sell their gasoline through directly operated stations at retail prices below the prices charged to resellers. The results of this examination, involving more than 2000 price comparisons, failed to reveal a single instance where the average monthly retail price at refiner operated stations was below the price charged resellers by refiners. This result obtained not only for all gasoline sales by major refiners, but also for specific grades of gasoline sold by all refiners. Moreover, a large majority of the average monthly price differentials were greater than 6 cents per gallon, and exceeded 10 cents per gallon in a significant number of instances. Thus, the data do not support the allegation of widespread ''below-cost'' selling by refiners through outlets which they own and operate. Therefore, the rationale offered for legislation mandating retail divorcement, or prohibiting ''below-cost'' is not supported by the evidence. 3 figs., 5 tabs.

  8. To Own or Lease Solar: Understanding Commercial Retailers' Decisions to Use Alternative Financing Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.; Margolis, R.

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines the tradeoffs among financing methods for businesses installing onsite photovoltaics (PV). We present case studies of PV financing strategies used by two large commercial retailers that have deployed substantial U.S. PV capacity: IKEA, which owns its PV, and Staples, which purchases power generated from onsite PV systems through power purchase agreements (PPAs). We also analyze the financial considerations that influence any company's choice of PV financing strategy. Our goal in this report is to clarify the financial and institutional costs and benefits of financing strategies and to inform other companies that are considering launching or expanding similar PV programs.

  9. The effect of blade tenderization on the palatability and retail caselife of beef steaks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huerta, Nelson Orlando

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Student Newman-Keuls' test. (Steel and Torrie, 1960). E i tie. S * t*pra ds (ZMPS168) ad 7 bottom rounds (IMPS 171B) were wrapped in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) film (Goodyear "Prime Wrap" ) and stored for 23-25 days at 3-4 C in order to develop slime... steak. All steaks in this experiment were placed in individual styroi'oam trays, overwrapped with PVC film (Goodyear "Prime 25 Wrap" ) and placed under simulated retail caselife conditions (1-3 C under 90 ft-C of incandescent light). A trained 2...

  10. Assessing and Reducing Plug and Process Loads in Retail Buildings (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plug and process loads (PPLs) in commercial buildings account for almost 5% of U.S. primary energy consumption. Minimizing these loads is a primary challenge in the design and operation of an energy-efficient building. PPLs are not related to general lighting, heating, ventilation, cooling, and water heating, and typically do not provide comfort to the occupants. They use an increasingly large fraction of the building energy use pie because the number and variety of electrical devices have increased along with building system efficiency. Reducing PPLs is difficult because energy efficiency opportunities and the equipment needed to address PPL energy use in retail spaces are poorly understood.

  11. Impact of different subcutaneous fat trim levels on the composition of beef retail cuts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Darron Kirk

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from the top mund, bottom round, eye of mund, sirloin tip, top sirloin butt, strip loin, tenderloin, rib, arm and blade sections of the chuck, and brisket. The retail cuts were serially assigned to the following treatments: (A) trimmed to 0. 6 cm... external fat, raw; (B) ~ to 0. 6 cm external fat, cooked; (C) ~ to 0. 0 cm external fat, cooked. The samples that were treated as raw, trimmed to 0. 6 cm were dissected into separable lean, external fat, seam fat, and heavy connective tissue and bone...

  12. Retail appearance and microbiological characteristics of vacuum packaged pork loin chops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vrana, Julie Ann

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    packaged chops were acceptable for 10 days for all storage treatments, chops from the parchment paper and vacuum packaged storage treatments contained off-odors which were 11miting factors in achieving long shelf-life. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author 1s... and retail display. Means within packaging film underscored by a coamon line are not different (P&. 05). ' Means in the same column within each storage treatment bearing a common superscript letter are not different (Px. 05). d. e. f. g, h, i 28 surface...

  13. Retail Sales of Electricity (Megawatthours) by State by Sector by Provider, 1990

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14Table 4.April 25, 20137a.06Retail Sales of

  14. Revenue from Retail Sales of Electricity (Thousand Dollars) by State by Provider

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14Table 4.April 25, 20137a.06Retail Sales ofRevenue

  15. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Rhode Island) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup | Open EnergyInformation Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg.

  16. Nonlinear regularization techniques for seismic tomography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loris, I. [Mathematics Department, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)], E-mail: igloris@vub.ac.be; Douma, H. [Department of Geosciences, Princeton University, Guyot Hall, Washington Road, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Nolet, G. [Geosciences Azur, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, CNRS/IRD, 250 Rue Albert Einstein, Sophia Antipolis 06560 (France); Daubechies, I. [Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics, Princeton University, Fine Hall, Washington Road, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Regone, C. [BP America Inc., 501 Westlake Park Blvd., Houston, TX 77079 (United States)

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of several nonlinear regularization techniques are discussed in the framework of 3D seismic tomography. Traditional, linear, l{sub 2} penalties are compared to so-called sparsity promoting l{sub 1} and l{sub 0} penalties, and a total variation penalty. Which of these algorithms is judged optimal depends on the specific requirements of the scientific experiment. If the correct reproduction of model amplitudes is important, classical damping towards a smooth model using an l{sub 2} norm works almost as well as minimizing the total variation but is much more efficient. If gradients (edges of anomalies) should be resolved with a minimum of distortion, we prefer l{sub 1} damping of Daubechies-4 wavelet coefficients. It has the additional advantage of yielding a noiseless reconstruction, contrary to simple l{sub 2} minimization ('Tikhonov regularization') which should be avoided. In some of our examples, the l{sub 0} method produced notable artifacts. In addition we show how nonlinear l{sub 1} methods for finding sparse models can be competitive in speed with the widely used l{sub 2} methods, certainly under noisy conditions, so that there is no need to shun l{sub 1} penalizations.

  17. Energy Implications of Retrofitting Retail Sector Rooftop Units with Stepped-Speed and Variable-Speed Functionality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Studer, D.; Romero, R.; Herrmann, L.; Benne, K.

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial retailers understand that retrofitting constant-speed RTU fan motors with stepped- or variable-speed alternatives could save significant energy in most U.S. climate zones. However, they lack supporting data, both real-world and simulation based, on the cost effectiveness and climate zone-specific energy savings associated with this measure. Thus, building managers and engineers have been unable to present a compelling business case for fan motor upgrades to upper management. This study uses whole-building energy simulation to estimate the energy impact of this type of measure so retailers can determine its economic feasibility.

  18. Black hole mimickers: Regular versus singular behavior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lemos, Jose P. S.; Zaslavskii, Oleg B. [Centro Multidisciplinar de Astrofisica, CENTRA, Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico-IST, Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa-UTL, Avenida Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Astronomical Institute of Kharkov, V. N. Karazin National University, 35 Sumskaya Street, Kharkov, 61022 (Ukraine)

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Black hole mimickers are possible alternatives to black holes; they would look observationally almost like black holes but would have no horizon. The properties in the near-horizon region where gravity is strong can be quite different for both types of objects, but at infinity it could be difficult to discern black holes from their mimickers. To disentangle this possible confusion, we examine the near-horizon properties, and their connection with far away asymptotic properties, of some candidates to black mimickers. We study spherically symmetric uncharged or charged but nonextremal objects, as well as spherically symmetric charged extremal objects. Within the uncharged or charged but nonextremal black hole mimickers, we study nonextremal {epsilon}-wormholes on the threshold of the formation of an event horizon, of which a subclass are called black foils, and gravastars. Within the charged extremal black hole mimickers we study extremal {epsilon}-wormholes on the threshold of the formation of an event horizon, quasi-black holes, and wormholes on the basis of quasi-black holes from Bonnor stars. We elucidate whether or not the objects belonging to these two classes remain regular in the near-horizon limit. The requirement of full regularity, i.e., finite curvature and absence of naked behavior, up to an arbitrary neighborhood of the gravitational radius of the object enables one to rule out potential mimickers in most of the cases. A list ranking the best black hole mimickers up to the worst, both nonextremal and extremal, is as follows: wormholes on the basis of extremal black holes or on the basis of quasi-black holes, quasi-black holes, wormholes on the basis of nonextremal black holes (black foils), and gravastars. Since in observational astrophysics it is difficult to find extremal configurations (the best mimickers in the ranking), whereas nonextremal configurations are really bad mimickers, the task of distinguishing black holes from their mimickers seems to be less difficult than one could think of it.

  19. Use of Regularization Functions in Problems of Dynamic Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    (fixed bed) Relative humidity : 0. Chromatography Column with reaction 6. Fixed Bed dryer 7. Cross-flow dryer #12;Use of Regularization Functions

  20. Regularity at the Boundary for Solutions of Nonlinear Subelliptic ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donatella Danielli

    2000-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 8, 1995 ... [HaHu] W. Hansen & H. Hueber, The Dirichlet problem for sublaplacians on nilpotent Lie groups—Criteria for regularity, Math. Ann., 276 (1987),.

  1. Stationarity and regularity of infinite collections of sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Y. Kruger

    2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 19, 2011 ... Abstract: This article investigates extremality, stationarity, and regularity properties of infinite collections of sets in Banach spaces. Our approach ...

  2. Optimization Online - About Regularity of Collections of Sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Ya. Kruger

    2005-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 3, 2005 ... About Regularity of Collections of Sets. Alexander Ya. Kruger (a.kruger ***at*** ballarat.edu.au). Abstract: The paper continues investigations of ...

  3. About [q]-regularity Properties of Collections of Sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    collections of sets systematically, several other kinds of regularity were ... of the approximate stationarity property of collections of sets which is the main ...

  4. Optimization Online - Regularity of collections of sets and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Y. Kruger

    2015-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Jan 17, 2015 ... Regularity of collections of sets and convergence of inexact alternating projections. Alexander Y. Kruger (a.kruger ***at*** federation.edu.au)

  5. Optimization Online - Stationarity and regularity of infinite collections ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Y. Kruger

    2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 19, 2011 ... Abstract: This article continues the investigation of stationarity and regularity properties of infinite collections of sets in a Banach space started ...

  6. Stationarity and Regularity of Infinite Collections of Sets ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract This article continues the investigation of stationarity and regularity properties of infinite collections of sets in a Banach space started in Kruger and ...

  7. About [q]-regularity properties of collections of sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Y. Kruger

    2013-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 21, 2013 ... Abstract: We examine three primal space local Hoelder type regularity properties of finite collections of sets, namely, [q]-semiregularity, ...

  8. Regularity of collections of sets and convergence of inexact ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the usage of regularity properties of collections of sets in con- vergence analysis of alternating projection methods for solving feasibility problems.

  9. Energy Distribution of a Charged Regular Black Hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irina Radinschi

    2000-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the energy distribution of a charged regular black hole by using the energy-momentum complexes of Einstein and M{\\o}ller.

  10. Optimization Online - $S_{0.5}$ Regularization Methods and Fixed ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng Dingtao

    2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Jan 10, 2013 ... $S_{0.5}$ Regularization Methods and Fixed Point Algorithms for Affine Rank Minimization Problems. Peng Dingtao (dingtaopeng ***at*** ...

  11. STATIONARITY AND REGULARITY OF REAL-VALUED FUNCTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    [7] Ioffe, A. D. Metric regularity and subdifferential calculus. Russian Math. Surveys. 55 (2000), 501–558. [8] Klatte, D., and Kummer, B. Nonsmooth Equations in ...

  12. On the regularizing behavior of recent gradient methods in the ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberta De Asmundis

    2014-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 14, 2014 ... On the regularizing behavior of recent gradient methods in the ... can be competitive with the Conjugate Gradient (CG) method, since they are ...

  13. assessment syntax regularization: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    chart domains such that the result is an atlas as well. The normalization of the local charts also Amann, Herbert 309 Fusion of Regularization Terms For Image Restoration...

  14. Regularization Dependence of Running Couplings in Softly Broken Supersymmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephen P. Martin; Michael T. Vaughn

    2008-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the dependence of running couplings on the choice of regularization method in a general softly-broken N=1 supersymmetric theory. Regularization by dimensional reduction respects supersymmetry, but standard dimensional regularization does not. We find expressions for the differences between running couplings in the modified minimal subtraction schemes of these two regularization methods, to one loop order. We also find the two-loop renormalization group equations for gaugino masses in both schemes, and discuss the application of these results to the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model.

  15. Towards a regular type N vacuum gravitational field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. V. Ivanov

    1999-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    An exact twisting type N vacuum solution is found. It has regular gauge and curvature invariants and decays to flat spacetime for big retarded times.

  16. Optimization Online - Performance-based regularization in mean ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gah-Yi Vahn

    2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 3, 2014 ... Performance-based regularization in mean-CVaR portfolio optimization. Gah-Yi Vahn(gvahn ***at*** london.edu) Noureddine El ...

  17. Impact of residential PV adoption on Retail Electricity Rates Desmond W.H. Cai a,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Steven H.

    companies to recover its fixed costs. However, higher electricity rates give households more incentives companies could lose a significant fraction of high consumption customers. a r t i c l e i n f o Article) solar cells has fallen below the retail price of grid electricity in some areas. A number of residential

  18. Comparing the Performance of SunDiesel and Conventional Diesel...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the Performance of SunDiesel and Conventional Diesel in a Light-Duty Vehicle and Engines Comparing the Performance of SunDiesel and Conventional Diesel in a Light-Duty Vehicle and...

  19. Application of the Australian Geothermal Reporting Code to "Convention...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of the Australian Geothermal Reporting Code to "Conventional" Geothermal Projects. In: Proceedings. Australian Geothermal Energy Conference; 20101117; Adelaide, Australia....

  20. "CONVENTION THEORY": IS THERE A FRENCH SCHOOL OF ORGANIZATIONAL INSTITUTIONALISM?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to ally convention theory (CT) and new institutional organization theory (NIOT)? Convention theory into management theory in the 1990s, at the same time that neoinstitutional organization theory, buoyed1 "CONVENTION THEORY": IS THERE A FRENCH SCHOOL OF ORGANIZATIONAL INSTITUTIONALISM? Thibault

  1. Wave dynamics of regular and chaotic rays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonald, S.W.

    1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to investigate general relationships between waves and rays in chaotic systems, I study the eigenfunctions and spectrum of a simple model, the two-dimensional Helmholtz equation in a stadium boundary, for which the rays are ergodic. Statistical measurements are performed so that the apparent randomness of the stadium modes can be quantitatively contrasted with the familiar regularities observed for the modes in a circular boundary (with integrable rays). The local spatial autocorrelation of the eigenfunctions is constructed in order to indirectly test theoretical predictions for the nature of the Wigner distribution corresponding to chaotic waves. A portion of the large-eigenvalue spectrum is computed and reported in an appendix; the probability distribution of successive level spacings is analyzed and compared with theoretical predictions. The two principal conclusions are: 1) waves associated with chaotic rays may exhibit randomly situated localized regions of high intensity; 2) the Wigner function for these waves may depart significantly from being uniformly distributed over the surface of constant frequency in the ray phase space.

  2. Infrared regular representation of the three dimensional massless Nelson model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Infrared regular representation of the three dimensional massless Nelson model J#19;ozsef L this Gaussian measure space. KEYWORDS: Nelson's scalar #12;eld model, infrared regular representation, ground] of a spinless electron coupled to a scalar massless Bose #12;eld is infrared divergent in 3 space dimensions

  3. Loss of regularity for Kolmogorov equations Martin Hairer1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hairer, Martin

    .jentzen (at) sam.math.ethz.ch 4 Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics, Princeton University, this observation has the consequence that there exists a stochastic differential equation (SDE) with globally on regularity analysis of linear PDEs, on the literature on regularity analysis of stochastic differential

  4. Regular Equivalence and Dynamic Logic Maarten Marx and Michael Masuch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amsterdam, University of

    Regular Equivalence and Dynamic Logic Maarten Marx #3; and Michael Masuch Institure for Logic equivalence relation on a social network. That is, a formal language of position terms is de#12;ned with the property that on #12;nite networks, two actors are regularly equivalent if and only if they cannot

  5. HOW SMOOTH IS YOUR WAVELET? WAVELET REGULARITY VIA THERMODYNAMIC FORMALISM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HOW SMOOTH IS YOUR WAVELET? WAVELET REGULARITY VIA THERMODYNAMIC FORMALISM M. Pollicott and H. Weiss June 9, 2005 9:49am Abstract. A popular wavelet reference [W] states that "in theoretical and practical studies, the notion of (wavelet) regularity has been increasing in importance." Not surprisingly

  6. Problems of Distance-Regular Graphs Hiroshi Suzuki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xi, Changchang

    ­328. [14] H. Suzuki, The Terwilliger algebra associated with a set of vertices in a distance-regular graph, J. Alg. Combin. 22 (2005), 5-38. [15] P. Terwilliger, Distance-regular graphs and (s, c, a, k)-graphs, J. Combin. Th. (B) 34 (1983), 151­164. [16] P. Terwilliger, A new inequality for distance

  7. Video Denoising and Simplification Via Discrete Regularization on Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Video Denoising and Simplification Via Discrete Regularization on Graphs Mahmoud Ghoniem, Youssef algorithms for video de- noising and simplification based on discrete regularization on graphs. The main difference between video and image denoising is the temporal redundancy in video sequences. Recent works

  8. Considerations for centralized packaging of beef retail cuts / by Davey Brian Griffin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, Davey Brian

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nt) December 1981 AB S TRACT Considerations for Centralized Packaging of Beef Retail Cuts. (December 1981) Davey Brian Griffin, B. S. , Texas A&M University Co-Chairmen of Advisory Committee: Dr. J. W. Savell Dr. G. C. Smith A two-part study... film (days) (days) 2M 75: Display i~tom High d ~h (drys) 2T. 7't 2't 7'C 12 0 13. 34 13. 01 1 12. 90 12. 55 2 12. 21 11. 52 3 11. 26 10. 72 4 11. 27 10. 19 5 9. 90 9. 47 g 6 9. 20 8. 538 0 13. 69 13. 76 11. 97 11. 34 11. 75 11. 01 10. 66...

  9. Benchmarking and Equipment and Controls Assessment for a 'Big Box' Retail Chain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haves, Philip; Coffey, Brian; Williams, Scott

    2008-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper describes work to enable improved energy performance of existing and new retail stores belonging to a national chain and thereby also identify measures and tools that would improve the performance of 'big box' stores generally. A detailed energy simulation model of a standard store design was developed and used to: (1) demonstrate the benefits of benchmarking the energy performance of retail stores of relatively standard design using baselines derived from simulation, (2) identify cost-effective improvements in the efficiency of components to be incorporated in the next design cycle, and (3) use simulation to identify potential control strategy improvements that could be adopted in all stores, improving operational efficiency. The core enabling task of the project was to develop an energy model of the current standard design using the EnergyPlus simulation program. For the purpose of verification of the model against actual utility bills, the model was reconfigured to represent twelve existing stores (seven relatively new stores and five older stores) in different US climates and simulations were performed using weather data obtained from the National Weather Service. The results of this exercise, which showed generally good agreement between predicted and measured total energy use, suggest that dynamic benchmarking based on energy simulation would be an effective tool for identifying operational problems that affect whole building energy use. The models of the seven newer stores were then configured with manufacturers performance data for the equipment specified in the current design and used to assess the energy and cost benefits of increasing the efficiency of selected HVAC, lighting and envelope components. The greatest potential for cost-effective energy savings appears to be a substantial increase in the efficiency of the blowers in the roof top units and improvements in the efficiency of the lighting. The energy benefits of economizers on the roof-top units were analyzed and found to be very sensitive to the operation of the exhaust fans used to control building pressurization.

  10. TRANSIENT LUNAR PHENOMENA: REGULARITY AND REALITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crotts, Arlin P. S. [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, 550 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States)

    2009-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Transient lunar phenomena (TLPs) have been reported for centuries, but their nature is largely unsettled, and even their existence as a coherent phenomenon is controversial. Nonetheless, TLP data show regularities in the observations; a key question is whether this structure is imposed by processes tied to the lunar surface, or by terrestrial atmospheric or human observer effects. I interrogate an extensive catalog of TLPs to gauge how human factors determine the distribution of TLP reports. The sample is grouped according to variables which should produce differing results if determining factors involve humans, and not reflecting phenomena tied to the lunar surface. Features dependent on human factors can then be excluded. Regardless of how the sample is split, the results are similar: {approx}50% of reports originate from near Aristarchus, {approx}16% from Plato, {approx}6% from recent, major impacts (Copernicus, Kepler, Tycho, and Aristarchus), plus several at Grimaldi. Mare Crisium produces a robust signal in some cases (however, Crisium is too large for a 'feature' as defined). TLP count consistency for these features indicates that {approx}80% of these may be real. Some commonly reported sites disappear from the robust averages, including Alphonsus, Ross D, and Gassendi. These reports begin almost exclusively after 1955, when TLPs became widely known and many more (and inexperienced) observers searched for TLPs. In a companion paper, we compare the spatial distribution of robust TLP sites to transient outgassing (seen by Apollo and Lunar Prospector instruments). To a high confidence, robust TLP sites and those of lunar outgassing correlate strongly, further arguing for the reality of TLPs.

  11. Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium to Big Box Retail Buildings - 50% Energy Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonnema, E.; Leach, M.; Pless, S.

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Technical Support Document describes the process and methodology for the development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium to Big Box Retail Buildings: Achieving 50% Energy Savings Toward a Net Zero Energy Building (AEDG-MBBR) ASHRAE et al. (2011b). The AEDG-MBBR is intended to provide recommendations for achieving 50% whole-building energy savings in retail stores over levels achieved by following ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings (Standard 90.1-2004) (ASHRAE 2004b). The AEDG-MBBR was developed in collaboration with the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the American Institute of Architects (AIA), the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IES), the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), and the U.S. Department of Energy.

  12. Public comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation on...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) on Convention on Supplementary Compensation on Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation; Section 934 of the Energy Independence and Security Act...

  13. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  14. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    - - - - W W - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 86 Energy Information...

  15. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon...

  16. Table 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    - - - - 64.7 64.7 - - - - - - See footnotes at end of table. 32. Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State 86 Energy Information...

  17. H2A Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and Conventional...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    H2A Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and Conventional Pathway Options Analysis Results - Interim Report H2A Hydrogen Delivery Infrastructure Analysis Models and...

  18. COMPRESSIVE SAMPLING VS. CONVENTIONAL IMAGING Jarvis Haupt and Robert Nowak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haupt, Jarvis

    COMPRESSIVE SAMPLING VS. CONVENTIONAL IMAGING Jarvis Haupt and Robert Nowak University of Wisconsin from random projections than from pixel samples. However, the performance of CS can degrade markedly

  19. Public comment re Convention on Supplementary Compensation Contingent...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the funding obligations under the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) and Section 934 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007. American...

  20. DOE Notice of Inquiry on the Convention on Supplementary Compensation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Inquiry on the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) Contingent Cost Allocation - March 2, 2011 Meeting with CIGNL DOE Notice of Inquiry on the...

  1. Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Allocation, Section 934 Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage Contingent Cost Allocation, Section 934 LES comments in response to Notice of Inquiry on...

  2. Regularization of spherical and axisymmetric evolution codes in numerical relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milton Ruiz; Miguel Alcubierre; Dario Nunez

    2007-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Several interesting astrophysical phenomena are symmetric with respect to the rotation axis, like the head-on collision of compact bodies, the collapse and/or accretion of fields with a large variety of geometries, or some forms of gravitational waves. Most current numerical relativity codes, however, can not take advantage of these symmetries due to the fact that singularities in the adapted coordinates, either at the origin or at the axis of symmetry, rapidly cause the simulation to crash. Because of this regularity problem it has become common practice to use full-blown Cartesian three-dimensional codes to simulate axi-symmetric systems. In this work we follow a recent idea idea of Rinne and Stewart and present a simple procedure to regularize the equations both in spherical and axi-symmetric spaces. We explicitly show the regularity of the evolution equations, describe the corresponding numerical code, and present several examples clearly showing the regularity of our evolutions.

  3. Regular Symbolic Analysis of Dynamic Networks of Pushdown Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller-Olm, Markus

    Regular Symbolic Analysis of Dynamic Networks of Pushdown Systems Ahmed Bouajjani1, Markus M¨uller-Olm Bouajjani, Markus M¨uller-Olm, and Tayssir Touili parallel calls. In a multithreaded program such a command

  4. Regular Symbolic Analysis of Dynamic Networks of Pushdown Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller-Olm, Markus

    Regular Symbolic Analysis of Dynamic Networks of Pushdown Systems Ahmed Bouajjani 1 , Markus MË?uller­Olm #12; 474 Ahmed Bouajjani, Markus MË?uller­Olm, and Tayssir Touili parallel calls. In a multithreaded

  5. Regular Symbolic Analysis of Dynamic Networks of Pushdown Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Touili, Tayssir

    Regular Symbolic Analysis of Dynamic Networks of Pushdown Systems Ahmed Bouajjani 1 , Markus MË?uller­Olm Bouajjani, Markus MË?uller­Olm, and Tayssir Touili parallel calls. In a multithreaded program such a command

  6. Regular Symbolic Analysis of Dynamic Networks of Pushdown Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller-Olm, Markus

    Regular Symbolic Analysis of Dynamic Networks of Pushdown Systems Ahmed Bouajjani1, Markus M¨uller-Olm #12;474 Ahmed Bouajjani, Markus M¨uller-Olm, and Tayssir Touili parallel calls. In a multithreaded

  7. Koszul Algebras, Castelnuovo-Mumford Regularity, and Generic ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    27. 3.2 Equivalent definitions of regularity using hyperplane sections . . . 29 .... A standard graded K-algebra R is said to be Koszul if its residue field K has a ...

  8. Quasinormal modes of test fields around regular black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bobir Toshmatov; Ahmadjon Abdujabbarov; Zden?k Stuchlík; Bobomurat Ahmedov

    2015-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We study scalar, electromagnetic and gravitational test fields in the Hayward, Bardeen and Ay\\'on-Beato-Garc\\'ia regular black hole spacetimes and demonstrate that the test fields are stable in all these spacetimes. Using the sixth order WKB approximation of the linear "axial" perturbative scheme, we determine dependence of the quasinormal mode (QNM) frequencies on the characteristic parameters of the test fields and the spacetime charge parameters of the regular black holes. We give also the greybody factors, namely the transmission and reflection coefficients of scattered scalar, electromagnetic and gravitational waves. We show that damping of the QNMs in regular black hole spacetimes is suppressed in comparison to the case of Schwarzschild black holes, and increasing charge parameter of the regular black holes increases reflection and decreases transmission factor of incident waves for each of the test fields.

  9. Regular step arrays on silicon J. Viernow,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himpsel, Franz J.

    Regular step arrays on silicon J. Viernow,a) J.-L. Lin, D. Y. Petrovykh, F. M. Leibsle,b) F. K. Men, as well as magnetoresistive sensors on sawtooth-shaped semiconductors.1 Particularly appealing are self

  10. Optimization Online - On the Moreau-Yosida regularization of the ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bin Wu

    2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 30, 2011 ... On the Moreau-Yosida regularization of the vector k-norm related functions. Bin Wu(wubin ***at*** nus.edu.sg) Chao Ding(dingchao ***at*** ...

  11. REGULAR ARTICLE Mapping the membrane proteome of Corynebacterium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roegner, Matthias

    REGULAR ARTICLE Mapping the membrane proteome of Corynebacterium glutamicum Daniela Schluesener proteins. For analysis of the membrane proteome from Corynebacterium glutamicum, we replaced the first exchange chromatography / Corynebacterium glutamicum / Intrinsic mem- brane protein / Mass spectrometry

  12. Quasinormal modes of test fields around regular black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bobir Toshmatov; Ahmadjon Abdujabbarov; Zden?k Stuchlík; Bobomurat Ahmedov

    2015-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We study scalar, electromagnetic and gravitational test fields in the Hayward, Bardeen and Ay\\'{o}n-Beato-Garc\\'{i}a regular black hole spacetimes and demonstrate that the test fields are stable in all these spacetimes. Using the sixth order WKB approximation of the linear "axial" perturbative scheme, we determine dependence of the quasinormal mode (QNM) frequencies on the characteristic parameters of the test fields and the spacetime charge parameters of the regular black holes. We give also the greybody factors, namely the transmission and reflection coefficients of scattered scalar, electromagnetic and gravitational waves. We show that damping of the QNMs in regular black hole spacetimes is suppressed in comparison to the case of Schwarzschild black holes, and increasing charge parameter of the regular black holes increases reflection and decreases transmission factor of incident waves for each of the test fields.

  13. EFFICIENT ALGORITHMS FOR SOLUTION OF REGULARIZED TOTAL LEAST SQUARES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renaut, Rosemary

    EFFICIENT ALGORITHMS FOR SOLUTION OF REGULARIZED TOTAL LEAST SQUARES ROSEMARY A. RENAUT AND HONGBIN-1804 (renaut@asu.edu, hb guo@asu.edu). 457 #12;458 ROSEMARY A. RENAUT AND HONGBIN GUO Here · denotes the 2-norm

  14. Renormalized Light Front Hamiltonian in the Pauli-Villars Regularization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Yu. Malyshev; S. A. Paston; E. V. Prokhvatilov; R. A. Zubov

    2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We address the problem of nonperturbative calculations on the light front in quantum field theory regularized by Pauli-Villars method. As a preliminary step we construct light front Hamiltonians in (2+1)-dimensional $\\lambda\\phi^4$ model, for the cases without and with spontaneous symmetry breaking. The renormalization of these Hamiltonians in Pauli-Villars regularization is carried out via comparison of all-order perturbation theory, generated by these Hamiltonians, and the corresponding covariant perturbation theory in Lorentz coordinates.

  15. Regular Type III and Type N Approximate Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philip Downes; Paul MacAllevey; Bogdan Nita; Ivor Robinson

    2001-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    New type III and type N approximate solutions which are regular in the linear approximation are shown to exist. For that, we use complex transformations on self-dual Robinson-Trautman metrics rather then the classical approach. The regularity criterion is the boundedness and vanishing at infinity of a scalar obtained by saturating the Bel-Robinson tensor of the first approximation by a time-like vector which is constant with respect to the zeroth approximation.

  16. Land Use Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Conventional Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turetsky, Merritt

    emissions of California crude and in situ oil sands production (crude refineryLand Use Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Conventional Oil Production and Oil Sands S O N I A Y E H and Alberta as examples for conventional oil production as well as oil sands production in Alberta

  17. Technical Support Document: The Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Retail Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Bing; Jarnagin, Ronald E.; Winiarski, David W.; Jiang, Wei; McBride, Merle F.; Crall, C.

    2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Retail Buildings (AEDG-SR) was developed by a partnership of organizations, including the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the American Institute of Architects (AIA), the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA), the United States Green Buildings Council (USGBC), and the Department of Energy (DOE). The guide is intended to offer recommendations to achieve 30% energy savings and thus to encourage steady progress towards net-zero energy buildings. The baseline level energy use was set at buildings built at the turn of the millennium, which are assumed to be based on ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-1999, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings (refer to as the ?Standard? in this report). ASHRAE and its partners are engaged in the development of a series of guides for small commercial buildings, with the AEDG-SR being the second in the series. Previously the partnership developed the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Office Buildings: Achieving 30% Energy Savings Over ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-1999, which was published in late 2004. The technical support document prepared by PNNL details how the energy analysis performed in support of the Guide and documents development of recommendation criteria.

  18. Simple regularization scheme for multi-reference density functional theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wojciech Satula; Jacek Dobaczewski

    2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: Extensions of single-reference (SR) energy-density-functionals (EDFs) to multi-reference (MR) applications involve using the generalized Wick theorem (GWT), which leads to singular energy kernels that cannot be properly integrated to restore symmetries, unless the EDFs are generated by true interactions. Purpose: We propose a new method to regularize the MR EDFs, which is based on using auxiliary quantities obtained by multiplying the kernels with appropriate powers of overlaps. Methods: Regularized matrix elements of two-body interactions are obtained by integrating the auxiliary quantities and then solving simple linear equations. Results: We implement the new regularization method within the self-consistent Skyrme-Hartree-Fock approach and we perform a proof-of-principle angular-momentum projection (AMP) of states in odd-odd nucleus 26Al. We show that for EDFs generated by true interactions, our regularization method gives results identical to those obtained within the standard AMP procedure. We also show that for EDFs that do not correspond to true interactions, it gives stable and converging results that are different than unstable and non-converging standard AMP values. Conclusions: The new regularization method proposed in this work may provide us with a relatively inexpensive and efficient tool to generalize SR EDFs to MR applications, thus allowing for symmetry restoration and configuration mixing performed for typical nuclear EDFs, which most often do not correspond to true interactions.

  19. State of competition in gasoline marketing. The effects of refiner operation at retail (a study required by Title III of the Petroleum Marketing Practices Act)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delaney, J.B.; Fenili, R.N.

    1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Title III of the Petroleum Marketing Practices Act requires the Secretary of Energy to report to the Congress on the extent to which producers, refiners, and other suppliers of motor fuel subsidize the sale of such fuel at retail or wholesale with profits obtained from other operations. This is Part I of the report required under that Title. It addresses a number of questions relating to the central issue - the state of competition in the gasoline marketing industry. Part II of the report, to be issued this fall, will discuss the subpoenaed documents of nine integrated companies, and will contain recommendations for action, if deemed necessary. The basic thrust of Part I is an examination of three issues: (1) Are integrated refiners subsidizing their company operated gasoline retail outlets; (2) Are integrated refiners moving gasoline away from their branded dealer network into their own retail outlets; and (3) Are integrated refiners manipulating the allocation system in favor of their own retail outlets to the detriment of other gasoline marketers. At a series of regional hearings, independent marketers charged that integrated refiners were engaging in each of these practices. In essence, integrated refiners were portrayed as using unfair or illegal competitive practices which would ultimately lead to their domination of retail gasoline markets. This report addresses each allegation, after providing a historical and theoretical framework for today's debate.

  20. Experimental investigation of piston heat transfer under conventional diesel and reactivity-controlled compression ignition combustion regimes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Splitter, Derek A [ORNL; Hendricks, Terry Lee [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Ghandhi, Jaal B [University of Wisconsin

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The piston of a heavy-duty single-cylinder research engine was instrumented with 11 fast-response surface thermocouples, and a commercial wireless telemetry system was used to transmit the signals from the moving piston. The raw thermocouple data were processed using an inverse heat conduction method that included Tikhonov regularization to recover transient heat flux. By applying symmetry, the data were compiled to provide time-resolved spatial maps of the piston heat flux and surface temperature. A detailed comparison was made between conventional diesel combustion and reactivity-controlled compression ignition combustion operations at matched conditions of load, speed, boost pressure, and combustion phasing. The integrated piston heat transfer was found to be 24% lower, and the mean surface temperature was 25 C lower for reactivity-controlled compression ignition operation as compared to conventional diesel combustion, in spite of the higher peak heat release rate. Lower integrated piston heat transfer for reactivity-controlled compression ignition was found over all the operating conditions tested. The results showed that increasing speed decreased the integrated heat transfer for conventional diesel combustion and reactivity-controlled compression ignition. The effect of the start of injection timing was found to strongly influence conventional diesel combustion heat flux, but had a negligible effect on reactivity-controlled compression ignition heat flux, even in the limit of near top dead center high-reactivity fuel injection timings. These results suggest that the role of the high-reactivity fuel injection does not significantly affect the thermal environment even though it is important for controlling the ignition timing and heat release rate shape. The integrated heat transfer and the dynamic surface heat flux were found to be insensitive to changes in boost pressure for both conventional diesel combustion and reactivity-controlled compression ignition. However, for reactivity-controlled compression ignition, the mean surface temperature increased with changes in boost suggesting that equivalence ratio affects steady-state heat transfer.

  1. Actors, coalitions and the framework convention on climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sewell, Granville C

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the political processes through which the Framework Convention on Climate Change was negotiated and the initial efforts of the United States, the Netherlands, and Japan to adopt national policies and ...

  2. Sandia software guidelines. Volume 3. Standards, practices, and conventions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume is one in a series of Sandia Software Guidelines intended for use in producing quality software within Sandia National Laboratories. In consonance with the IEEE Standard for Software Quality Assurance Plans, this volume identifies software standards, conventions, and practices. These guidelines are the result of a collective effort within Sandia National Laboratories to define recommended deliverables and to document standards, practices, and conventions which will help ensure quality software. 66 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

  3. Segmented vs conventional numerals: legibility and long term retention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Steve Edgar

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SEGMENTED VS CONVENTIONAL NUMERALS: LEGIBILITY AND LONG TERM RETENTION A Thesis by STEVE EDGAR HILL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8cM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1971 Ma]or Subject: Industrial Engineering SEGMENTED VS CONVENTIONAL NUMERALS: LEGIBILITY AND LONG TERM RETENTION A Thesis STEVE EDGAR HILL Approved as to style and content by: Elias Chairman of Committee) r. A. W. ortham (Head...

  4. Validity of conventional assumptions concerning flexible response. Research report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gutierrez, M.J.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is an alliance for collective defense. Made up of 16 countries, NATO has been a successful alliance because there has been no war in Europe since 1945. In 1967, NATO adopted the strategy of flexible response, a strategy dependent upon conventional, tactical nuclear, and strategic nuclear weapons to provide deterrence from a Warsaw Pact attack. Although successful, NATO is suffering from an erosion in conventional strength. NATO continues to make assumptions about its conventional capabilities to successfully meet the requirements of the flexible response strategy. In the present day world of NATO, there is limited funding, a fact that is not likely to change any time in the foreseeable future. Limited funding makes it impossible to buy all the conventional force structure needed to ideally support the current strategy, also a fact that is unlikely to change. This paper shows limitations in some of the ways NATO assumes it can conventionally perform its mission. It is the author's position that NATO should modernize its conventional thinking to make it more in line with the realities of the situation NATO finds itself in today.

  5. Semi-Blind Image Restoration via Mumford-Shah Regularization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sochen, Nir

    Semi-Blind Image Restoration via Mumford-Shah Regularization L. Bar N. Sochen N. Kiryati School. The proposed variational method integrates semi-blind image deconvolution (paramet- ric blur is in the unified treatment of the semi-blind restoration and segmentation problems, the important special case

  6. Improving Home Automation by Discovering Regularly Occurring Device Usage Patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Diane J.

    Improving Home Automation by Discovering Regularly Occurring Device Usage Patterns Edwin O in an environment can be mined to discover significant patterns, which an intelligent agent could use to automate of two prediction algorithms, thus demonstrating multiple uses for a home automation system. Finally, we

  7. Hierarchical regularization for edge-preserving reconstruction of PET images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bardsley, John

    Hierarchical regularization for edge-preserving reconstruction of PET images Johnathan M. Bardsley.somersalo@case.edu Abstract. The data in PET emission and transmission tomography and in low dose X-ray tomography, consists that the algorithm gives good quality reconstructions for both emission and transmission PET problems in an efficient

  8. Parallel algorithm and hybrid regularization for dynamic PET reconstruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Parallel algorithm and hybrid regularization for dynamic PET reconstruction N. Pustelnik, Student Abstract--To improve the estimation at the voxel level in dynamic Positron Emission Tomography (PET in the presence of Poisson noise and it is extended here to (dynamic) space + time PET image reconstruction

  9. Hierarchical regularization for edge-preserving reconstruction of PET images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bardsley, John

    1 Hierarchical regularization for edge-preserving reconstruction of PET images Johnathan M. Bardsley , Daniela Calvetti, and Erkki Somersalo Abstract--The data in PET emission and transmission tomog for both emission and transmission PET problems at very low computational cost. Index Terms

  10. Landscape regularity modelling for environmental challenges in agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Landscape regularity modelling for environmental challenges in agriculture El Ghali Lazrak Jean-Fran¸cois Mari Marc Beno^it Abstract In agricultural landscapes, methods to identify and describe meaningful and ecological processes. We pro- pose an innovative stochastic modelling method of agricultural landscape

  11. Marshall's and Milnor's Conjectures for Preordered von Neumann Regular Rings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall's and Milnor's Conjectures for Preordered von Neumann Regular Rings M. Dickmann F a proper preorder T, satisfies Marshall's signature conjecture and Milnor's Witt ring conjecture (for result can be summarized as follows: 1) Marshall's signature conjecture was proved in [DM1

  12. On recent advances on regular Marc Moreno Maza

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno Maza, Marc

    associated with Sat(T) dim(P) = n - m and P k[B] = {0}. Every non-zero p k[B] is regular mod- ulo Sat dim(P) = n - m and P k[B] = {0}. Moreover J is radical (Lazard's Lemma). #12;Characteristic sets

  13. Regularity and Uniqueness of Solutions to a Parabolic System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jüngel, Ansgar

    is denoted by J i , the energy ux density or heat ux is denoted by J n+1 , and #26; n+1 is the internal. Furthermore, the uniqueness of weak solutions is proved. The proof is based on an elliptic dual method and temporal regularity, uniqueness of weak solutions, semidiscretization of time, elliptic dual method. 1991

  14. HIGHER REGULARITY OF THE FREE BOUNDARY IN THE ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    cise asymptotic behavior of the solutions near regular free boundary points. The second and main ...... Next, we compute the Weiss energy functional. W0(r, u) = 1 ..... Theorem 3.4. There exists a small constant ? = ?u > 0, such that T is a home-.

  15. SYNAPTIC MECHANISMS Weber's law implies neural discharge more regular than

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Jianfeng

    SYNAPTIC MECHANISMS Weber's law implies neural discharge more regular than a Poisson process Jing, interspike interval, psychophysical law, spike rate Abstract Weber's law is one of the basic laws established. In this paper, we carried out an analysis on the spike train statistics when Weber's law holds

  16. Student Employment Application (Regular or Work-Study)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Student Employment Application (Regular or Work-Study) Revised: 11/16/2012 Name: Date: Last First No Are you eligible for work study? Yes No Are you currently employed in any other departments on campus? Yes presently legally authorized to work in the United States? Yes No Employment History: (Please list your work

  17. REGULAR ARTICLE Characterization of bacterial endophytes of sweet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doty, Sharon Lafferty

    REGULAR ARTICLE Characterization of bacterial endophytes of sweet potato plants Zareen Khan.V. 2009 Abstract Endophytic bacteria associated with sweet potato plants (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.) were by the endophytes had any role in protecting the cells against adverse conditions, different stress tests were

  18. REGULARIZATION OF A PROGRAMMED RECURRENT ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meade, Andrew J.

    REGULARIZATION OF A PROGRAMMED RECURRENT ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK Andrew J. Meade, Jr. Department ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK Andrew J. Meade, Jr. Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science into an artificial neural network architecture. GTR provides a rational means of combining theoretical models

  19. ORIGINAL PAPER Responses of red deer (Cervus elaphus) to regular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIGINAL PAPER Responses of red deer (Cervus elaphus) to regular disturbance by hill walkers Angela calving rates in elk Cervus elaphus canadensis have been linked to human disturbance (Philips-recognised that the effect of disturbance can vary with its predictability; unexpected events, such as hill walkers

  20. Microcosmos In addition to the regular physics major, we

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Physics II (1) Physics 309 Modern Physics (3) Physics 270 Computational Physics (3) or 370 Physics 317 Thermodynamics (3) Physics 409 Modern Physics Lab* (3) Physics 411 Mechanics (4) Physics 420 ElectricityCosmos to Microcosmos In addition to the regular physics major, we also offer a physics major

  1. Indexing and Querying XML Data for Regular Path Expressions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Bongki

    by generating interactive site maps [19]. To retrieve XML and semi-structured data, several query languages have of XML data sources from docu- ments to databases and object repositories. The common featuresIndexing and Querying XML Data for Regular Path Expressions £ Quanzhong Li Bongki Moon Dept

  2. BUDGET FORM AUTHORIZATION FOR COMMITMENT TO A REGULAR STAFF POSITION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    BUDGET FORM AUTHORIZATION FOR COMMITMENT TO A REGULAR STAFF POSITION GOVERNED BY THE UNIVERSITY OPERATING BUDGET POLICY (BUDGETING SERVICES) BUDGET UNIT: BUDGET UNIT MANAGER: ENVELOPE: ENVELOPE MANAGER/contract compensation cost: $ FUNDING, BUDGET AND PLANNING INFORMATION (to be provided by Budget Unit Manager

  3. IMPROVED CONVERGENCE PROPERTIES OF THE LIN-FUKUSHIMA-REGULARIZATION METHOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanzow, Christian

    IMPROVED CONVERGENCE PROPERTIES OF THE LIN-FUKUSHIMA-REGULARIZATION METHOD FOR MATHEMATICAL@mathematik.uni-wuerzburg.de September 2, 2010 Dedicated to Masao Fukushima, in great respect, on the occasion of his 60th birthday. 1 with complementarity constraints (MPCC) introduced by Gui-Hua Lin and Masao Fukushima. Existing convergence results

  4. Seismic Data Reconstruction via Shearlet-Regularized Directional Inpainting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steidl, Gabriele

    Seismic Data Reconstruction via Shearlet-Regularized Directional Inpainting S¨oren H¨auser and Jianwei Ma May 15, 2012 We propose a new method for seismic data reconstruction by directional weighted of thousands of meters with a good resolution, the seismic method has become the most commonly used geophysical

  5. ITERATIVE TOTAL VARIATION REGULARIZATION WITH NON-QUADRATIC FIDELITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burger, Martin

    , AND STANLEY J. OSHER Abstract. A generalized iterative regularization procedure based on the total variation still eliminate high-frequency noise. However, the ROF model (1.1) has certain limitations. Meyer has with the norm ||w|| = inf g,w= ·g ess sup x |g(x)| , Meyer provided arguments in favour of considering elements

  6. Computationally Efficient Regularized Inversion for Highly Parameterized MODFLOW Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    . INTRODUCTION The inverse problem in groundwater modeling is generally ill-posed and non-unique. The typical geological heterogeneity has not been possible in common groundwater modeling practice. The principal reasons-Marquardt methods, and (3) lack of experience within the groundwater modeling community with regularized inversion

  7. Unobtrusive Tabletops: Linking Personal Devices with Regular Tables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Unobtrusive Tabletops: Linking Personal Devices with Regular Tables Abstract In this paper we with spatially tracked touch-enabled personal devices. This retains the normal usage of tabletop surfaces, solves privacy issues, and allows for storage of media items on the personal devices. Moreover, user input can

  8. 1INFORMS 10/04 RegularRegular Variation and Financial TimeVariation and Financial Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    financial time series IBM returns Multiplicative models for log-returns (GARCH, SV) Regular variation variation Stochastic recurrence equations (GARCH) Point process convergence Extremes and extremal index for volatility: (i) GARCH(p,q) process (General AutoRegressive Conditional Heteroscedastic

  9. Transportation Energy Futures Series: Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Expansion: Costs, Resources, Production Capacity, and Retail Availability for Low-Carbon Scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melaina, M. W.; Heath, G.; Sandor, D.; Steward, D.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Warner, E.; Webster, K. W.

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Achieving the Department of Energy target of an 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 depends on transportation-related strategies combining technology innovation, market adoption, and changes in consumer behavior. This study examines expanding low-carbon transportation fuel infrastructure to achieve deep GHG emissions reductions, with an emphasis on fuel production facilities and retail components serving light-duty vehicles. Three distinct low-carbon fuel supply scenarios are examined: Portfolio: Successful deployment of a range of advanced vehicle and fuel technologies; Combustion: Market dominance by hybridized internal combustion engine vehicles fueled by advanced biofuels and natural gas; Electrification: Market dominance by electric drive vehicles in the LDV sector, including battery electric, plug-in hybrid, and fuel cell vehicles, that are fueled by low-carbon electricity and hydrogen. A range of possible low-carbon fuel demand outcomes are explored in terms of the scale and scope of infrastructure expansion requirements and evaluated based on fuel costs, energy resource utilization, fuel production infrastructure expansion, and retail infrastructure expansion for LDVs. This is one of a series of reports produced as a result of the Transportation Energy Futures (TEF) project, a Department of Energy-sponsored multi-agency project initiated to pinpoint underexplored transportation-related strategies for abating GHGs and reducing petroleum dependence.

  10. The Hadron Hose: Continuous Toroidal Focusing for Conventional Neutrino Beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Hylen; D. Bogert; R. Ducar; V. Garkusha; J. Hall; C. Jensen; S. E. Kopp; M. Kostin; A. Lyukov; A. Marchionni; M. May; M. D. Messier; R. Milburn; F. Novoskoltsev; M. Proga; D. Pushka; W. Smart; J. Walton; V. Zarucheisky; R. M. Zwaska

    2002-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We have developed a new focusing system for conventional neutrino beams. The ``Hadron Hose'' is a wire located in the meson decay volume, downstream of the target and focusing horns. The wire is pulsed with high current to provide a toroidal magnetic field which continuously focuses mesons. The hose increases the neutrino event rate and reduces differences between near-field and far-field neutrino spectra for oscillation experiments. We have studied this device as part of the development of the Neutrinos at the Main Injector (NuMI) project, but it might also be of use for other conventional neutrino beams.

  11. A restructuring agenda for developing competitive retail electric markets that is based on a low-cost, real-time, smart-kilowatt-hour meter adapter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chasek, N.E.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper proposes six agenda items that should expedite a politically smooth transition into a most efficient economically viable market-driven public power system. The agenda would introduce: the virtual marketplace for retail electric power, smart meters, smart meter readers, near-real-time load balancing and load apportionment, advanced supply and demand or commodity-style pricing, and reliability metering.

  12. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics ofCustomer-Sited PV: A Study of Commercial Installations inCalifornia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the impact of retail rate design on the economics of grid-connected commercial photovoltaic (PV) systems in California. The analysis is based on 15-minute interval building load and PV production data for 24 commercial PV installations in California, spanning a diverse set of building load shapes and geographic locations. We derive the annual bill savings per kWh generated for each PV system, under each of 21 distinct retail rates currently offered by the five largest utilities in California. We identify and explain variation in the value of bill savings attributable to differences in the structure of demand and energy charges across rates, as well as variation attributable to other factors, such as the size of the PV system relative to building load, the specific shape of the PV production profile, and the customer load profile. We also identify the optimal rate for each customer, among those rates offered as alternatives to one another, and show how the decision is driven in large measure by the size of the PV system relative to building load. The findings reported here may be of value to regulators and utilities responsible for designing retail rates, as well as to customers and PV retailers who have a need to estimate the prospective bill savings of PV systems.

  13. North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-515-3480 | www.ncsc.ncsu.edu | 8/2013 BIODIESEL RETAIL STATIONS IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .ncsc.ncsu.edu | 8/2013 BIODIESEL RETAIL STATIONS IN NORTH CAROLINA Clean Transportation Program | 919-515-3480 | www Mountain Avenue 828-669-9813 Durham Carolina Biodiesel B20 1410 Cross St 919-957-1500 Durham Cruizer's B20 Biodiesel B100 110 N. Chimney Rock Road 336-209-0728 Hillsborough Carolina Biofuels B100/B80 112 Baldwin

  14. Tenderness Assessment of Beef Steaks from US Foodservice and Retail Establishments Using Warner-Bratzler Shear and Consumer Sensory Panel Ratings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guelker, Miles

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    ranged from 1 to 358 d with a mean of 20.5 d, and those from foodservice establishments aging times ranged from 9 to 67 d with an average of 15.9 d. For retail, top blade had the lowest (P < 0.05) WBS values, while cuts from the round top round...

  15. On Linear Landau Damping for Relativistic Plasmas via Gevrey Regularity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brent Young

    2015-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the phenomenon of Landau Damping in relativistic plasmas via a study of the relativistic Vlasov-Poisson system (both on the torus and on $\\mathbb{R}^3$) linearized around a sufficiently nice, spatially uniform kinetic equilibrium. We find that exponential decay of spatial Fourier modes is impossible under modest symmetry assumptions. However, by assuming the equilibrium and initial data are sufficiently regular functions of velocity for a given wavevector (in particular that they exhibit a kind of Gevrey regularity), we show that it is possible for the mode associated to this wavevector to decay sub-exponentially if its magnitude exceeds a certain critical size. We also give a heuristic argument why one should not expect such rapid decay for modes with wavevectors below this threshold.

  16. Genealogies of regular exchangeable coalescents with applications to sampling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limic, Vlada

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article considers a model of genealogy corresponding to a regular exchangeable coalescent (also known as Xi-coalescent) started from a large finite configuration, and undergoing neutral mutations. Asymptotic expressions for the number of active lineages were obtained by the author in a previous work. Analogous results for the number of active mutation-free lineages and the combined lineage lengths are derived using the same martingale-based technique. They are given in terms of convergence in probability, while extensions to convergence in moments and convergence almost surely are discussed. The above mentioned results have direct consequences on the sampling theory in the Xi-coalescent setting. In particular, the regular Xi-coalescents that come down from infinity (i.e., with locally finite genealogies), have an asymptotically equal number of families under the corresponding infinite alleles and infinite sites models. In special cases, quantitative asymptotic formulae for the number of families that con...

  17. A characterization of Q-polynomial distance-regular graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jurisic, Aleksandar; Zitnik, Arjana

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain the following characterization of $Q$-polynomial distance-regular graphs. Let $\\G$ denote a distance-regular graph with diameter $d\\ge 3$. Let $E$ denote a minimal idempotent of $\\G$ which is not the trivial idempotent $E_0$. Let $\\{\\theta_i^*\\}_{i=0}^d$ denote the dual eigenvalue sequence for $E$. We show that $E$ is $Q$-polynomial if and only if (i) the entry-wise product $E \\circ E$ is a linear combination of $E_0$, $E$, and at most one other minimal idempotent of $\\G$; (ii) there exists a complex scalar $\\beta$ such that $\\theta^*_{i-1}-\\beta \\theta^*_i + \\theta^*_{i+1}$ is independent of $i$ for $1 \\le i \\le d-1$; (iii) $\\theta^*_i \

  18. Rotating Hayward's regular black hole as particle accelerator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muhammed Amir; Sushant G. Ghosh

    2015-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, Ban\\~{a}dos, Silk and West (BSW) demonstrated that the extremal Kerr black hole can act as a particle accelerator with arbitrarily high center-of-mass energy ($E_{CM}$) when the collision takes place near the horizon. The rotating Hayward's regular black hole, apart from Mass ($M$) and angular momentum ($a$), has a new parameter $g$ ($g>0$ is a constant) that provides a deviation from the Kerr black hole. We demonstrate that for each $g$, with $M=1$, there exist critical $a_{E}$ and $r_{H}^{E}$, which corresponds to a regular extremal black hole with degenerate horizon, and $a_{E}$ decreases and $r_{H}^{E}$ increases with increase in $g$. While $aparticle accelerator and thus in turn may provide a suitable framework for Plank-scale physics. For a non-extremal case, there always exist a finite upper bound of $E_{CM}$, which increases with deviation parameter $g$.

  19. Existence and Regularity for Dynamic Viscoelastic Adhesive Contact with Damage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuttler, Kenneth L. [Department of Mathematics, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602 (United States)], E-mail: klkuttler@math.byu.edu; Shillor, Meir [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Oakland University, Rochester, MI 48309 (United States)], E-mail: shillor@oakland.edu; Fernandez, Jose R. [Departamento de Matematica Aplicada, Facultade de Matematicas, University of Santiago de Compostela, 15706 Santiago de Compostela (Spain)], E-mail: jramon@usc.es

    2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A model for the dynamic process of frictionless adhesive contact between a viscoelastic body and a reactive foundation, which takes into account the damage of the material resulting from tension or compression, is presented. Contact is described by the normal compliance condition. Material damage is modelled by the damage field, which measures the pointwise fractional decrease in the load-carrying capacity of the material, and its evolution is described by a differential inclusion. The model allows for different damage rates caused by tension or compression. The adhesion is modelled by the bonding field, which measures the fraction of active bonds on the contact surface. The existence of the unique weak solution is established using the theory of set-valued pseudomonotone operators introduced by Kuttler and Shillor (1999). Additional regularity of the solution is obtained when the problem data is more regular and satisfies appropriate compatibility conditions.

  20. SMALL POROSITY, DIMENSION AND REGULARITY IN METRIC MEASURE SPACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jyväskylä, University of

    with an s-regular measure µ. We prove that if A X is -porous, then dimp(A) s - c s where dimp with µ(N) = 0 such that dimp(A) dimp(X) - c(log 1 )-1 t for all -porous sets A X \\ N. Here c that if A Rn is -porous, meaning that A contains holes of relative size at all small scales, then dimp(A) n

  1. Modeling the Jovian subnebula: II - Composition of regular satellites ices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olivier Mousis; Yann Alibert

    2005-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the evolutionary turbulent model of Jupiter's subnebula described by Alibert et al. (2005a) to constrain the composition of ices incorporated in its regular icy satellites. We consider CO2, CO, CH4, N2, NH3, H2S, Ar, Kr, and Xe as the major volatile species existing in the gas-phase of the solar nebula. All these volatile species, except CO2 which crystallized as a pure condensate, are assumed to be trapped by H2O to form hydrates or clathrate hydrates in the solar nebula. Once condensed, these ices were incorporated into the growing planetesimals produced in the feeding zone of proto-Jupiter. Some of these solids then flowed from the solar nebula to the subnebula, and may have been accreted by the forming Jovian regular satellites. We show that ices embedded in solids entering at early epochs into the Jovian subdisk were all vaporized. This leads us to consider two different scenarios of regular icy satellites formation in order to estimate the composition of the ices they contain. In the first scenario, icy satellites were accreted from planetesimals that have been produced in Jupiter's feeding zone without further vaporization, whereas, in the second scenario, icy satellites were accreted from planetesimals produced in the Jovian subnebula. In this latter case, we study the evolution of carbon and nitrogen gas-phase chemistries in the Jovian subnebula and we show that the conversions of N2 to NH3, of CO to CO2, and of CO to CH4 were all inhibited in the major part of the subdisk. Finally, we assess the mass abundances of the major volatile species with respect to H2O in the interiors of the Jovian regular icy satellites. Our results are then compatible with the detection of CO2 on the surfaces of Callisto and Ganymede and with the presence of NH3 envisaged in subsurface oceans within Ganymede and Callisto.

  2. The Pumping Lemma Some languages are not regular languages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bylander, Tom

    be the number of states in M. Create a long string w L. Show that if M accepts w, then M must accept some string w L. This contradicts assumption that L(M) = L. #12;2 Proof of the Pumping Lemma Theorem: Let L be a regular language. There exists a number m, for all w, if |w| m and w L, then there exists x, y, z

  3. Vol. 41 No. 6 IPSJ Journal June 6 Regular Paper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roussos, George

    to be interchangeable in a Lego-like manner. Moreover, its low power radio (based on the 2.4GHz Nordic nRF2401 designVol. 41 No. 6 IPSJ Journal June 6 Regular Paper Sensor Cube: A Modular, Ultra-Compact, Power and C. Van Hoof The Sensor Cube platform is an ultra-compact, modular and power-aware way of building

  4. Frustration tuning in regular and random superconducting networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Raymond Lei

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Yasskin (Member ) Richard Arnorcitt (Head of Dc partnsent) December 1988 ABSTRACT Frustration Tuning in Regular and Random Superconducting Networks. (December 1988) Raymond Lei Chen, B. S. , University of Science E' Technology of China Chairman... 2-dimensional rectangular network having a translational symmetry, the equation can be reduced to a one dimensional linear difference equation which can be solved by using an iteration method to find the "ground state" and its corresponding...

  5. Impact on asteroseismic analyses of regular gaps in Kepler data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garc?a, R A; Pires, S; Regulo, C; Bellamy, B; Palle, P L; Ballot, J; Forteza, S Barcelo; Beck, P G; Bedding, T R; Ceillier, T; Cortes, T Roca; Salabert, D; Stello, D

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The NASA Kepler mission has observed more than 190,000 stars in the constellations of Cygnus and Lyra. Around 4 years of almost continuous ultra high-precision photometry have been obtained reaching a duty cycle higher than 90% for many of these stars. However, almost regular gaps due to nominal operations are present in the light curves at different time scales. In this paper we want to highlight the impact of those regular gaps in asteroseismic analyses and we try to find a method that minimizes their effect in the frequency domain. To do so, we isolate the two main time scales of quasi regular gaps in the data. We then interpolate the gaps and we compare the power density spectra of four different stars: two red giants at different stages of their evolution, a young F-type star, and a classical pulsator in the instability strip. The spectra obtained after filling the gaps in the selected solar-like stars show a net reduction in the overall background level, as well as a change in the background parameters....

  6. Regularization of zero-range effective interactions in finite nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Brenna; Gianluca Colò; Xavier Roca-Maza

    2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of the divergences which arise in beyond mean-field calculations, when a zero-range effective interaction is employed, has not been much considered so far. Some of us have proposed, quite recently, a scheme to regularize a zero-range Skyrme-type force when it is employed to calculate the total energy, at second-order perturbation theory level, in uniform matter. Although this scheme looked promising, the extension for finite nuclei is not straightforward. We introduce such procedure in the current paper, by proposing a regularization procedure that is similar, in spirit, to the one employed to extract the so-called V_{\\rm low-k} from the bare force. Although this has been suggested already by B.G. Carlsson and collaborators, the novelty of our work consists in setting on equal footing uniform matter and finite nuclei; in particular, we show how the interactions that have been regularized in uniform matter behave when they are used in a finite nucleus with the corresponding cutoff. We also address the problem of the validity of the perturbative approach in finite nuclei for the total energy.

  7. Nuclear Proliferation and the Deterrence of Conventional War: Justin Pollard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Nuclear Proliferation and the Deterrence of Conventional War: A Proposal Justin Pollard April 2009) Introduction It seems counterintuitive to think that the spread of nuclear weapons could make the world a safer of ubiquitous nuclear armament is a more dangerous and unstable one. Certainly, a weapon of the nuclear

  8. Comparative Analysis of Conventional Oil and Gas and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaramillo, Paulina

    Comparative Analysis of Conventional Oil and Gas and Wind Project Decommissioning Regulations Generation Energy, a non-profit renewable investment firm focusing on extending capital from private School and on the board of the Vermont Energy Investment Corporation, which manages ``Efficiency Vermont

  9. Appendix IV. Risks Associated with Conventional Uranium Milling Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ", uranium is removed from the processed ore with sulfuric acid. Sodium chlorate is also addedAppendix IV. Risks Associated with Conventional Uranium Milling Operations Introduction Although uranium mill tailings are considered byproduct materials under the AEA and not TENORM, EPA's Science

  10. A Foundation for Conventional and Temporal Query Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snodgrass, Richard T.

    substantially from built-in temporal support in the DBMS. To achieve this, temporal query representation DBMS architectures and ones where the temporal support is obtained via a layer on top of a conventional DBMS. This foundation captures duplicates and ordering for all queries, as well as coalescing

  11. BRST Invariant PV Regularization of SUSY Yang-Mills and SUGRA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaillard, Mary K

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    September 2011 BRST Invariant PV Regularization of SUSYemployer. ii BRST INVARIANT PV REGULARIZATION OF SUSY YANG-a number of years on Pauli-Villars (PV) regu- larization of

  12. Lyapunov functions for evolution variational inequalities with locally prox-regular sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Lyapunov functions for evolution variational inequalities with locally prox-regular sets Abderrahim criterion for Lyapunov pairs of this dynamical system and some results on the asymptotic behaviour - Uniformly prox-regular set - Hypomonotonicity - Lyapunov pair - Asymptotic behaviour. Mathematics Subject

  13. Statistical models and regularization strategies in statistical image reconstruction of low-dose X-ray computed tomography: a survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Hao; Ma, Jianhua; Lu, Hongbing; Liang, Zhengrong

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Statistical image reconstruction (SIR) methods have shown potential to substantially improve the image quality of low-dose X-ray computed tomography (CT) as compared to the conventional filtered back-projection (FBP) method for various clinical tasks. According to the maximum a posterior (MAP) estimation, the SIR methods can be typically formulated by an objective function consisting of two terms: (1) data-fidelity (or equivalently, data-fitting or data-mismatch) term modeling the statistics of projection measurements, and (2) regularization (or equivalently, prior or penalty) term reflecting prior knowledge or expectation on the characteristics of the image to be reconstructed. Existing SIR methods for low-dose CT can be divided into two groups: (1) those that use calibrated transmitted photon counts (before log-transform) with penalized maximum likelihood (pML) criterion, and (2) those that use calibrated line-integrals (after log-transform) with penalized weighted least-squares (PWLS) criterion. Accurate s...

  14. A Regularity Lemma, and Low-weight Approximators, for Low-degree Polynomial Threshold Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Servedio, Rocco

    University {ilias, rocco, liyang, atw12}@cs.columbia.edu March 15, 2010 Abstract We give a "regularity lemma

  15. Automatic Construction of Large-Scale Regular Expression Matching Engines on FPGA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prasanna, Viktor K.

    Automatic Construction of Large-Scale Regular Expression Matching Engines on FPGA Yi-Hua E. Yang@usc.edu, prasanna@usc.edu Abstract--We present algorithms for implementing large-scale regular expression matching (REM) on FPGA. Based on the proposed algorithms, we develop tools that first transform regular

  16. Spatially-Variant Tikhonov Regularization for Double-Difference Waveform Inversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Youzuo [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Huang, Lianjie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhang, Zhigang [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Double-difference waveform inversion is a potential tool for quantitative monitoring for geologic carbon storage. It jointly inverts time-lapse seismic data for changes in reservoir geophysical properties. Due to the ill-posedness of waveform inversion, it is a great challenge to obtain reservoir changes accurately and efficiently, particularly when using time-lapse seismic reflection data. Regularization techniques can be utilized to address the issue of ill-posedness. The regularization parameter controls the smoothness of inversion results. A constant regularization parameter is normally used in waveform inversion, and an optimal regularization parameter has to be selected. The resulting inversion results are a trade off among regions with different smoothness or noise levels; therefore the images are either over regularized in some regions while under regularized in the others. In this paper, we employ a spatially-variant parameter in the Tikhonov regularization scheme used in double-difference waveform tomography to improve the inversion accuracy and robustness. We compare the results obtained using a spatially-variant parameter with those obtained using a constant regularization parameter and those produced without any regularization. We observe that, utilizing a spatially-variant regularization scheme, the target regions are well reconstructed while the noise is reduced in the other regions. We show that the spatially-variant regularization scheme provides the flexibility to regularize local regions based on the a priori information without increasing computational costs and the computer memory requirement.

  17. The smallest k-regular h-edge-connected graphs without , Douglas B. West

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Douglas B.

    -regular graph with no cut-edge has a 1-factor. This has many generalizations. Showing that every kThe smallest k-regular h-edge-connected graphs without 1-factors John Ganci , Douglas B. West March-regular (k - 1)-edge-connected graph of even order has a 1-factor is a standard elementary exercise (#3

  18. Smoothness criteria for Navier-Stokes equations in terms of regularity along the steam lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Chi Hin

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article is devoted to a regularity criteria for solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations in terms of regularity along the stream lines. More precisely, we prove that a suitable weak solution for the Navier-Stokes equations is regular under some constraint on the second derivative of |u| along the stream lines.

  19. EM Prepares Report for Convention on Safety of Spent Fuel and...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    agency to produce a report recently for the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management. The Convention was...

  20. Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium Box Retail -- 50% Energy Savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hale, E. T.; Macumber, D. L.; Long, N. L.; Griffith, B. T.; Benne, K. S.; Pless, S. D.; Torcellini, P. A.

    2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides recommendations that architects, designers, contractors, developers, owners, and lessees of medium box retail buildings can use to achieve whole-building energy savings of at least 50% over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004. The recommendations are given by climate zone and address building envelope, fenestration, lighting systems, HVAC systems, building automation and controls, outside air treatment, service water heating, plug loads, and photovoltaic systems. The report presents several paths to 50% savings, which correspond to different levels of integrated design. These are recommendations only, and are not part of a code or standard. The recommendations are not exhaustive, but we do try to emphasize the benefits of integrated building design, that is, a design approach that analyzes a building as a whole system, rather than as a disconnected collection of individually engineered subsystems.

  1. Conventional Neutrino Beam Experiments: Present and Future Generations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, Deborah A. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States)

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    There are currently four conventional neutrino beams produced around the world serving a total of six different neutrino experiments devoted to a broad range of physics. In this article we discuss the current generation of experiments served by those beamlines, future plans for those beamlines, and plans for yet newer facilities, with a focus on lessons the current generation of experiments can pass on to future generations.

  2. The semantics of Chemical Markup Language (CML): dictionaries and conventions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray-Rust, Peter; Townsend, Joseph A; Adams, Sam; Phadungsukanan, Weerapong; Thomas, Jens

    2011-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    of Chemistry, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1EW b Department of Chemical Engineering, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3RA c STFC Daresbury Laboratory, Daresbury Science and Innovation Campus, Warrington WA4 4AD *pm286@cam.ac.uk Abstract The semantic... scientific units. All conventions, dictionaries and dictionary elements are identifiable and addressable through unique URIs. Introduction From an early stage, Chemical Markup Language (CML) was designed so that it could accommodate an indefinitely...

  3. Computational Modeling of Conventionally Reinforced Concrete Coupling Beams 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shastri, Ajay Seshadri

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    .20. Stress Distribution Showing the Formation of the Compression Strut.........99 Fig. 6.1. Section and Reinforcement Details for Specimen NR4 (Bristowe 2000)...101 Fig. 6.2. Test Setup for the Coupling Beams (Bristowe 2000... research on reinforced concrete coupling beams. Various types of failures observed in coupling beam tests are discussed in this section including the following: 14 ? Shear compression (SC): This failure is usually seen in conventionally...

  4. Conventional armed forces in Europe: Technology scenario development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Houser, G.M.

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In January 1986, the Soviet Union's Mikhail Gorbachev proposed elimination of all nuclear weapons by the year 2000. In April of that year, Mr. Gorbachev proposed substantial reductions of conventional weapons in Europe, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Ural Mountains, including reductions in operational-tactical nuclear weapons. In May 1986, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) responded with the Brussels Declaration on Conventional Arms Control,'' which indicated readiness to open East/West discussions on establishing a mandate for negotiating conventional arms control throughout Europe. The Group of 23,'' which met in Vienna beginning in February 1987, concluded the meeting in January 1989 with a mandate for the Conventional Armed Forced in Europe (CFE) negotiations. On 6 March 1989, CFE talks began, and these talks have continued through six rounds (as of April 1990). Although US President George Bush, on 30 May 1989, called for agreement within six months to a year, and the Malta meeting of December 1989 called for completion of a CFE agreement by the end of 1990, much remains to be negotiated. This report provides three types of information. First, treaty provisions brought to the table by both sides are compared. Second, on the basis of these provisions, problem areas for each of the provision elements are postulated and possible scenarios for resolving these problem areas are developed. Third, the scenarios are used as requirements for tasks assigned program elements for possible US implementation of a CFE treaty. As progress is achieved during the negotiations, this report could be updated, as necessary, in each of the areas to provide a continuing systematic basis for program implementation and technology development. 8 refs.

  5. Three regularization models of the Navier-Stokes equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Pietarila Graham; Darryl Holm; Pablo Mininni; Annick Pouquet

    2008-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We determine how the differences in the treatment of the subfilter-scale physics affect the properties of the flow for three closely related regularizations of Navier-Stokes. The consequences on the applicability of the regularizations as SGS models are also shown by examining their effects on superfilter-scale properties. Numerical solutions of the Clark-alpha model are compared to two previously employed regularizations, LANS-alpha and Leray-alpha (at Re ~ 3300, Taylor Re ~ 790) and to a DNS. We derive the Karman-Howarth equation for both the Clark-alpha and Leray-alpha models. We confirm one of two possible scalings resulting from this equation for Clark as well as its associated k^(-1) energy spectrum. At sub-filter scales, Clark-alpha possesses similar total dissipation and characteristic time to reach a statistical turbulent steady-state as Navier-Stokes, but exhibits greater intermittency. As a SGS model, Clark reproduces the energy spectrum and intermittency properties of the DNS. For the Leray model, increasing the filter width decreases the nonlinearity and the effective Re is substantially decreased. Even for the smallest value of alpha studied, Leray-alpha was inadequate as a SGS model. The LANS energy spectrum k^1, consistent with its so-called "rigid bodies," precludes a reproduction of the large-scale energy spectrum of the DNS at high Re while achieving a large reduction in resolution. However, that this same feature reduces its intermittency compared to Clark-alpha (which shares a similar Karman-Howarth equation). Clark is found to be the best approximation for reproducing the total dissipation rate and the energy spectrum at scales larger than alpha, whereas high-order intermittency properties for larger values of alpha are best reproduced by LANS-alpha.

  6. Quantum Cooling Evaporation Process in Regular Black Holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yun Soo Myung; Yong-Wan Kim; Young-Jai Park

    2007-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate a universal behavior of thermodynamics and evaporation process for the regular black holes. We newly observe an important point where the temperature is maximum, the heat capacity is changed from negative infinity to positive infinity, and the free energy is minimum. Furthermore, this point separates the evaporation process into the early stage with negative heat capacity and the late stage with positive heat capacity. The latter represents the quantum cooling evaporation process. As a result, the whole evaporation process could be regarded as the inverse Hawking-Page phase transition.

  7. Thin-shell wormholes from regular charged black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Rahaman; K A Rahman; Sk. A Rakib; Peter K. F. Kuhfittig

    2009-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate a new thin-shell wormhole constructed by surgically grafting two regular charged black holes arising from the action using nonlinear electrodynamics coupled to general relativity. The stress-energy components within the shell violate the null and weak energy conditions but obey the strong energy condition. We study the stability in two ways: (i) taking a specific equation of state at the throat and (ii) analyzing the stability to linearized spherically symmetric perturbations about a static equilibrium solution. Various other aspects of this thin-shell wormhole are also analyzed.

  8. Regularization of Kerr-NUT spacetimes and their thermodynamical quantities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nashed, G G L

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the context of the teleparallel equivalent of general relativity (TEGR) theory, continues calculations of the total energy and momentum for Kerr-NUT spacetimes using three different methods, the gravitational energy-momentum, the Riemannian connection 1-form, ${\\widetilde{\\Gamma}_\\alpha}^\\beta$ and the Euclidean continuation method, have been achieved. Many local Lorentz transformations, that play the role of regularizing tool, are given to get the commonly known form of energy and momentum. We calculate the thermodynamic quantities of Kerr-NUT spacetime. We also investigate the first law of thermodynamics and quantum statistical relation.

  9. Regularization of Kerr-NUT spacetimes and their thermodynamical quantities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. G. L. Nashed

    2015-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    In the context of the teleparallel equivalent of general relativity (TEGR) theory, continues calculations of the total energy and momentum for Kerr-NUT spacetimes using three different methods, the gravitational energy-momentum, the Riemannian connection 1-form, ${\\widetilde{\\Gamma}_\\alpha}^\\beta$ and the Euclidean continuation method, have been achieved. Many local Lorentz transformations, that play the role of regularizing tool, are given to get the commonly known form of energy and momentum. We calculate the thermodynamic quantities of Kerr-NUT spacetime. We also investigate the first law of thermodynamics and quantum statistical relation.

  10. 9.0 Non-Regular Languages and the Pumping Lemma Languages that can be described formally with an NFA, DFA, or a regular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Scott

    9.0 Non-Regular Languages and the Pumping Lemma Languages that can be described formally to be useful to us here. The Pumping Lemma This theorem describes a property that a language must have in order - to show when a language is not regular. That is always how the pumping lemma is used. Briefly, the pumping

  11. Exceptional and regular spectra of a generalized Rabi model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Tomka; Omar El Araby; Mikhail Pletyukhov; Vladimir Gritsev

    2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the spectrum of the generalized Rabi model in which co- and counter-rotating terms have different coupling strengths. It is also equivalent to the model of a two-dimensional electron gas in a magnetic field with Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit couplings. Like in case of the Rabi model, the spectrum of the generalized Rabi model consists of the regular and the exceptional parts. The latter is represented by the energy levels which cross at certain parameters' values which we determine explicitly. The wave functions of these exceptional states are given by finite order polynomials in the Bargmann representation. The roots of these polynomials satisfy a Bethe ansatz equation of the Gaudin type. At the exceptional points the model is therefore quasi-exactly solvable. An analytical approximation is derived for the regular part of the spectrum in the weak- and strong-coupling limits. In particular, in the strong-coupling limit the spectrum consists of two quasi-degenerate equidistant ladders.

  12. Combined iterative reconstruction and image-domain decomposition for dual energy CT using total-variation regularization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dong, Xue; Niu, Tianye; Zhu, Lei, E-mail: leizhu@gatech.edu [Nuclear and Radiological Engineering and Medical Physics Programs, The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)] [Nuclear and Radiological Engineering and Medical Physics Programs, The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Dual-energy CT (DECT) is being increasingly used for its capability of material decomposition and energy-selective imaging. A generic problem of DECT, however, is that the decomposition process is unstable in the sense that the relative magnitude of decomposed signals is reduced due to signal cancellation while the image noise is accumulating from the two CT images of independent scans. Direct image decomposition, therefore, leads to severe degradation of signal-to-noise ratio on the resultant images. Existing noise suppression techniques are typically implemented in DECT with the procedures of reconstruction and decomposition performed independently, which do not explore the statistical properties of decomposed images during the reconstruction for noise reduction. In this work, the authors propose an iterative approach that combines the reconstruction and the signal decomposition procedures to minimize the DECT image noise without noticeable loss of resolution. Methods: The proposed algorithm is formulated as an optimization problem, which balances the data fidelity and total variation of decomposed images in one framework, and the decomposition step is carried out iteratively together with reconstruction. The noise in the CT images from the proposed algorithm becomes well correlated even though the noise of the raw projections is independent on the two CT scans. Due to this feature, the proposed algorithm avoids noise accumulation during the decomposition process. The authors evaluate the method performance on noise suppression and spatial resolution using phantom studies and compare the algorithm with conventional denoising approaches as well as combined iterative reconstruction methods with different forms of regularization. Results: On the Catphan©600 phantom, the proposed method outperforms the existing denoising methods on preserving spatial resolution at the same level of noise suppression, i.e., a reduction of noise standard deviation by one order of magnitude. This improvement is mainly attributed to the high noise correlation in the CT images reconstructed by the proposed algorithm. Iterative reconstruction using different regularization, including quadratic orq-generalized Gaussian Markov random field regularization, achieves similar noise suppression from high noise correlation. However, the proposed TV regularization obtains a better edge preserving performance. Studies of electron density measurement also show that our method reduces the average estimation error from 9.5% to 7.1%. On the anthropomorphic head phantom, the proposed method suppresses the noise standard deviation of the decomposed images by a factor of ?14 without blurring the fine structures in the sinus area. Conclusions: The authors propose a practical method for DECT imaging reconstruction, which combines the image reconstruction and material decomposition into one optimization framework. Compared to the existing approaches, our method achieves a superior performance on DECT imaging with respect to decomposition accuracy, noise reduction, and spatial resolution.

  13. Generalized Ginzburg-Landau models for non-conventional superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Esposito; G. Salesi

    2009-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We review some recent extensions of the Ginzburg-Landau model able to describe several properties of non-conventional superconductors. In the first extension, s-wave superconductors endowed with two different critical temperatures are considered, their main thermodynamical and magnetic properties being calculated and discussed. Instead in the second extension we describe spin-triplet superconductivity (with a single critical temperature), studying in detail the main predicted physical properties. A thorough discussion of the peculiar predictions of our models and their physical consequences is as well performed.

  14. Conventional Hydropower Technologies, Wind And Water Power Program (WWPP)

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'sEnergyTexas1.SpaceFluorControls andCONVENTIONAL ENERGY (OIL, GAS

  15. Atlantic City Convention Center Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Atlantic BiomassConvention

  16. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Conventional Natural Gas Production

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWP RelatedCellulase C.Tier 2North Carolina for MoreFuelsConventional

  17. Certain aspects of inventory control as one of the management tools for the retail lumber and building material dealer of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amason, Robert Daniel

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of sales volumes and ~ xpense accounts, but few of them realise that their own accounting section could prepare adequate factual data to supplement )udgment and experience for the control of inventory. Regardless of the type of merchandise within... the retail bus- iness, and regardless oi the investment required, there must be a sufficient quantity of goods on hand to take care of consumer demand. Otherwise many sales can be lost. In order to meet demand, and to prevent customer dissatisfaction...

  18. Constructing a logical, regular axis topology from an irregular topology

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Faraj, Daniel A.

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Constructing a logical regular topology from an irregular topology including, for each axial dimension and recursively, for each compute node in a subcommunicator until returning to a first node: adding to a logical line of the axial dimension a neighbor specified in a nearest neighbor list; calling the added compute node; determining, by the called node, whether any neighbor in the node's nearest neighbor list is available to add to the logical line; if a neighbor in the called compute node's nearest neighbor list is available to add to the logical line, adding, by the called compute node to the logical line, any neighbor in the called compute node's nearest neighbor list for the axial dimension not already added to the logical line; and, if no neighbor in the called compute node's nearest neighbor list is available to add to the logical line, returning to the calling compute node.

  19. Constructing a logical, regular axis topology from an irregular topology

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Faraj, Daniel A.

    2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Constructing a logical regular topology from an irregular topology including, for each axial dimension and recursively, for each compute node in a subcommunicator until returning to a first node: adding to a logical line of the axial dimension a neighbor specified in a nearest neighbor list; calling the added compute node; determining, by the called node, whether any neighbor in the node's nearest neighbor list is available to add to the logical line; if a neighbor in the called compute node's nearest neighbor list is available to add to the logical line, adding, by the called compute node to the logical line, any neighbor in the called compute node's nearest neighbor list for the axial dimension not already added to the logical line; and, if no neighbor in the called compute node's nearest neighbor list is available to add to the logical line, returning to the calling compute node.

  20. Regular graphs maximize the variability of random neural networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilles Wainrib; Mathieu Galtier

    2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we study the dynamics of systems composed of numerous interacting elements interconnected through a random weighted directed graph, such as models of random neural networks. We develop an original theoretical approach based on a combination of a classical mean-field theory originally developed in the context of dynamical spin-glass models, and the heterogeneous mean-field theory developed to study epidemic propagation on graphs. Our main result is that, surprisingly, increasing the variance of the in-degree distribution does not result in a more variable dynamical behavior, but on the contrary that the most variable behaviors are obtained in the regular graph setting. We further study how the dynamical complexity of the attractors is influenced by the statistical properties of the in-degree distribution.

  1. Small particle limits in a regularized Laplacian random growth model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fredrik Johansson Viklund; Alan Sola; Amanda Turner

    2013-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We study a regularized version of Hastings-Levitov planar random growth that models clusters formed by the aggregation of diffusing particles. In this model, the growing clusters are defined in terms of iterated slit maps whose capacities are given by c_n=c|\\Phi_{n-1}'(e^{\\sigma+i\\theta_n})|^{-\\alpha}, \\alpha \\geq 0, where c>0 is the capacity of the first particle, {\\Phi_n}_n are the composed conformal maps defining the clusters of the evolution, {\\theta_n}_n are independent uniform angles determining the positions at which particles are attached, and \\sigma>0 is a regularization parameter which we take to depend on c. We prove that under an appropriate rescaling of time, in the limit as c converges to 0, the clusters converge to growing disks with deterministic capacities, provided that \\sigma does not converge to 0 too fast. We then establish scaling limits for the harmonic measure flow, showing that by letting \\alpha tend to 0 at different rates it converges to either the Brownian web on the circle, a stopped version of the Brownian web on the circle, or the identity map. As the harmonic measure flow is closely related to the internal branching structure within the cluster, the above three cases intuitively correspond to the number of infinite branches in the model being either 1, a random number whose distribution we obtain, or unbounded, in the limit as c converges to 0. We also present several findings based on simulations of the model with parameter choices not covered by our rigorous analysis.

  2. Mathematical strategies for filtering complex systems: Regularly spaced sparse observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harlim, J. [Department of Mathematics and Center for Atmosphere and Ocean Science, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, 251 Mercer Street, New York, NY 10012 (United States)], E-mail: jharlim@cims.nyu.edu; Majda, A.J. [Department of Mathematics and Center for Atmosphere and Ocean Science, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, 251 Mercer Street, New York, NY 10012 (United States)

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Real time filtering of noisy turbulent signals through sparse observations on a regularly spaced mesh is a notoriously difficult and important prototype filtering problem. Simpler off-line test criteria are proposed here as guidelines for filter performance for these stiff multi-scale filtering problems in the context of linear stochastic partial differential equations with turbulent solutions. Filtering turbulent solutions of the stochastically forced dissipative advection equation through sparse observations is developed as a stringent test bed for filter performance with sparse regular observations. The standard ensemble transform Kalman filter (ETKF) has poor skill on the test bed and even suffers from filter divergence, surprisingly, at observable times with resonant mean forcing and a decaying energy spectrum in the partially observed signal. Systematic alternative filtering strategies are developed here including the Fourier Domain Kalman Filter (FDKF) and various reduced filters called Strongly Damped Approximate Filter (SDAF), Variance Strongly Damped Approximate Filter (VSDAF), and Reduced Fourier Domain Kalman Filter (RFDKF) which operate only on the primary Fourier modes associated with the sparse observation mesh while nevertheless, incorporating into the approximate filter various features of the interaction with the remaining modes. It is shown below that these much cheaper alternative filters have significant skill on the test bed of turbulent solutions which exceeds ETKF and in various regimes often exceeds FDKF, provided that the approximate filters are guided by the off-line test criteria. The skill of the various approximate filters depends on the energy spectrum of the turbulent signal and the observation time relative to the decorrelation time of the turbulence at a given spatial scale in a precise fashion elucidated here.

  3. A discrete L-curve for the regularization of ill-posed inverse problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    May 10, 2012 ... regularization, the method proposed in [26] by Hansen and O'Leary ... of Hansen, Jensen and Rodriguez [25] and the triangle method of ...

  4. Pushing towards the ET sensitivity using 'conventional' technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Hild; Simon Chelkowski; Andreas Freise

    2008-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, the design study `Einstein gravitational wave Telescope' (ET) has been funded within the European FP7 framework. The ambitious goal of this project is to provide a conceptual design of a detector with a hundred times better sensitivity than currently operating instruments. It is expected that this will require the development and implementation of new technologies, which go beyond the concepts employed for the first and second detector generations. However, it is a very interesting and educational exercise to imagine a Michelson interferometer in which conventional technologies have been pushed to - or maybe beyond - their limits to reach the envisaged sensitivity for the Einstein Telescope. In this document we present a first sketchy analysis of what modifications and improvements are necessary to go, step-by-step, from second generation gravitational wave detectors to the Einstein Telescope.

  5. Feasibility of Thermoelectrics for Waste Heat Recovery in Conventional Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, K.; Thornton, M.

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermoelectric (TE) generators convert heat directly into electricity when a temperature gradient is applied across junctions of two dissimilar metals. The devices could increase the fuel economy of conventional vehicles by recapturing part of the waste heat from engine exhaust and generating electricity to power accessory loads. A simple vehicle and engine waste heat model showed that a Class 8 truck presents the least challenging requirements for TE system efficiency, mass, and cost; these trucks have a fairly high amount of exhaust waste heat, have low mass sensitivity, and travel many miles per year. These factors help maximize fuel savings and economic benefits. A driving/duty cycle analysis shows strong sensitivity of waste heat, and thus TE system electrical output, to vehicle speed and driving cycle. With a typical alternator, a TE system could allow electrification of 8%-15% of a Class 8 truck's accessories for 2%-3% fuel savings. More research should reduce system cost and improve economics.

  6. CBTL Design Case Summary Conventional Feedstock Supply System - Woody

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christopher T. Wright; Erin M. Searcy

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A conventional woody feedstock design has been developed that represents supply system technologies, costs, and logistics that are achievable today for supplying woody biomass as a blendstock with coal for energy production. Efforts are made to identify bottlenecks and optimize the efficiency and capacities of this supply system, within the constraints and consideration of existing local feedstock supplies, equipment, and permitting requirements. The feedstock supply system logistics operations encompass all of the activities necessary to move woody biomass from the production location to the conversion reactor ready for blending and insertion. This supply system includes operations that are currently available such that costs and logistics are reasonable and reliable. The system modeled for this research project includes the use of the slash stream since it is a more conservative analysis and represents the material actually used in the experimental part of the project.

  7. CBTL Design Case Summary Conventional Feedstock Supply System - Herbaceous

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christopher T. Wright; Erin M. Searcy

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A conventional bale feedstock design has been established that represents supply system technologies, costs, and logistics that are achievable today for supplying herbaceous feedstocks as a blendstock with coal for energy production. Efforts are made to identify bottlenecks and optimize the efficiency and capacities of this supply system, within the constraints of existing local feedstock supplies, equipment, and permitting requirements. The feedstock supply system logistics operations encompass all of the activities necessary to move herbaceous biomass feedstock from the production location to the conversion reactor ready for blending and insertion. This supply system includes operations that are currently available such that costs and logistics are reasonable and reliable. The system modeled for this research project includes the uses of field-dried corn stover or switchgrass as a feedstock to annually supply an 800,000 DM ton conversion facility.

  8. Assessing performance : an analytical framework for the San José McEnery Convention Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Kai-yan, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study first outlines three major factors that limit the assessments of convention centers: high uncertainty in the convention industry, complex institutional structures and operational priorities, and plethora of ...

  9. Rhetoric and heresthetic in the Mississippi Freedom Party controversy at the 1964 Democratic Convention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battaglia, Adria

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Democratic Convention. Specifically, the focus is on the rhetorical discourse presented by the members of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, Fannie Lou Hamer in particular, at the Credentials Committee two days before the onset of the actual Convention...

  10. Fact #765: February 4, 2013 EPA's Top 10 Conventionally-Fueled...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5: February 4, 2013 EPA's Top 10 Conventionally-Fueled Vehicles for Model Year 2013 Fact 765: February 4, 2013 EPA's Top 10 Conventionally-Fueled Vehicles for Model Year 2013 For...

  11. Calibration and data reduction algorithms for non-conventional multi-hole pressure probes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramakrishnan, Vijay

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents the development of calibration and data-reduction algorithms for non-conventional multi-hole pressure probes. The algorithms that have been developed for conventional 5- and 7-hole probes are not optimal ...

  12. On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems: Conventional Septic Tank/Drain Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesikar, Bruce J.

    1999-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Conventional septic systems have traditionally been the most commonly used technology for treating wastewater. This publication explains the advantages and disadvantages of conventional septic tank/drain fields, as well as estimated costs...

  13. Letter box line blackener for the HDTV/conventional-analog hybrid system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wysocki, Frederick J.; Nickel, George H.

    2006-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A blackener for letter box lines associated with a HDTV/conventional-analog hybrid television transmission where the blackener counts horizontal sync pulses contained in the HDTV/conventional-analog hybrid television transmission and determines when the HDTV/conventional-analog hybrid television transmission is in letter-box lines: if it is, then the blackener sends substitute black signal to an output; and if it is not, then the blackener sends the HDTV/conventional-analog hybrid television transmission to the output.

  14. Metastable behavior for bootstrap percolation on regular trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marek Biskup; Roberto H. Schonmann

    2009-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine bootstrap percolation on a regular (b+1)-ary tree with initial law given by Bernoulli(p). The sites are updated according to the usual rule: a vacant site becomes occupied if it has at least theta occupied neighbors, occupied sites remain occupied forever. It is known that, when b>theta>1, the limiting density q=q(p) of occupied sites exhibits a jump at some p_t=p_t(b,theta) in (0,1) from q_t:=q(p_t)p_t. We investigate the metastable behavior associated with this transition. Explicitly, we pick p=p_t+h with h>0 and show that, as h decreases to 0, the system lingers around the "critical" state for time order h^{-1/2} and then passes to fully occupied state in time O(1). The law of the entire configuration observed when the occupation density is q in (q_t,1) converges, as h tends to 0, to a well-defined measure.

  15. Dynamically self-regular quantum harmonic black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spallucci, Euro

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recently proposed UV self-complete quantum gravity program is a new and very interesting way to envision Planckian/trans-Planckian physics. in this new framework, high energy scattering is dominated by the creation of micro black holes, and it is experimentally impossible to probe distances shorter than the horizon radius. In this letter we present a model which realizes this idea through the creation of self-regular quantum black holes admitting a minimal size extremal configuration. Their radius provides a dynamically generated minimal length acting as a universal short-distance cut-off. We propose a quantisation scheme for this new kind of microscopic objects based on a Bohr-like approach, which does not require a detailed knowledge of quantum gravity. The resulting black hole quantum picture resembles the energy spectrum of a quantum harmonic oscillator. The mass of the extremal configuration plays the role of zero-point energy. Large quantum number re-establish the classical black hole description. F...

  16. Society of Wood Science and Technology Convention 10-12 November 2008, Concepcin, Chile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Society of Wood Science and Technology Convention 10-12 November 2008, Concepción, Chile Global #12;Society of Wood Science and Technology Convention 10-12 November 2008, Concepción, Chile Subjects;Society of Wood Science and Technology Convention 10-12 November 2008, Concepción, Chile Main sources

  17. Asymptotic Analysis of Regularized Zero-Forcing Precoding in MISO Broadcast Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Asymptotic Analysis of Regularized Zero-Forcing Precoding in MISO Broadcast Channels with Limited analyse the asymptotic sum-rate of regularized zero-forcing (RZF) precoding in MISO broadcast channels equivalent of mfK @zA. III. SYSTEM MODEL Consider the MISO broadcast channel composed of one central

  18. REGULAR TRACE FORMULA AND BASE CHANGE FOR GLn Yuval Z. Flicker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flicker, Yuval

    REGULAR TRACE FORMULA AND BASE CHANGE FOR GLn Yuval Z. Flicker Department of Mathematics, The Ohio aim here is to develop the regular trace formula of F2 from the context of GL2 to that of a reductive representations of GLn which have a supercuspidal component. Our motivation is the belief that a formula

  19. Regular black holes: Electrically charged solutions, Reissner-Nordstroem outside a de Sitter core

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lemos, Jose P. S.; Zanchin, Vilson T. [Centro Multidisciplinar de Astrofisica - CENTRA, Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico - IST, Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa - UTL, Avenida Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Centro de Ciencias Naturais e Humanas, Universidade Federal do ABC, Rua Santa Adelia, 166, 09210-170, Santo Andre, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Coordenadoria de Astronomia e Astrofisica, Observatorio Nacional-MCT, Rua General Jose Cristino 77, 20921-400 Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

    2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    To have the correct picture of a black hole as a whole, it is of crucial importance to understand its interior. The singularities that lurk inside the horizon of the usual Kerr-Newman family of black hole solutions signal an endpoint to the physical laws and, as such, should be substituted in one way or another. A proposal that has been around for sometime is to replace the singular region of the spacetime by a region containing some form of matter or false vacuum configuration that can also cohabit with the black hole interior. Black holes without singularities are called regular black holes. In the present work, regular black hole solutions are found within general relativity coupled to Maxwell's electromagnetism and charged matter. We show that there are objects which correspond to regular charged black holes, whose interior region is de Sitter, whose exterior region is Reissner-Nordstroem, and the boundary between both regions is made of an electrically charged spherically symmetric coat. There are several types of solutions: regular nonextremal black holes with a null matter boundary, regular nonextremal black holes with a timelike matter boundary, regular extremal black holes with a timelike matter boundary, and regular overcharged stars with a timelike matter boundary. The main physical and geometrical properties of such charged regular solutions are analyzed.

  20. 31.01.01.M2 Salary Increases Not Awarded Through the Regular Budget Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    31.01.01.M2 Salary Increases Not Awarded Through the Regular Budget Cycle Page 1 of 3 UNIVERSITY RULE 31.01.01.M2 Salary Increases Not Awarded Through the Regular Budget Cycle Approved March 19, 1997 budget cycle. As with all practices, however, some flexibility is needed to respond to exceptional

  1. Technical Reports Ultra-low Dose Lung CT Perfusion Regularized by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    Technical Reports Ultra-low Dose Lung CT Perfusion Regularized by a Previous Scan1 Hengyong Yu, Ph­regularized reconstruction (PSRR) method was proposed to reduce radiation dose and applied to lung perfusion studies. Normal and ultra-low-dose lung computed tomographic perfusion studies were compared in terms of the estimation

  2. Upper bound on the packing density of regular tetrahedra and octahedra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gravel, Simon; Kallus, Yoav

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain an upper bound to the packing density of regular tetrahedra. The bound is obtained by showing the existence, in any packing of regular tetrahedra, of a set of disjoint spheres centered on tetrahedron edges, so that each sphere is not fully covered by the packing. The bound on the amount of space that is not covered in each sphere is obtained in a recursive way by building on the observation that non-overlapping regular tetrahedra cannot subtend a solid angle of $4\\pi$ around a point if this point lies on a tetrahedron edge. The proof can be readily modified to apply to other polyhedra with the same property. The resulting lower bound on the fraction of empty space in a packing of regular tetrahedra is $2.6\\ldots\\times 10^{-25}$ and reaches $1.4\\ldots\\times 10^{-12}$ for regular octahedra.

  3. Upper bound on the packing density of regular tetrahedra and octahedra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon Gravel; Veit Elser; Yoav Kallus

    2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain an upper bound to the packing density of regular tetrahedra. The bound is obtained by showing the existence, in any packing of regular tetrahedra, of a set of disjoint spheres centered on tetrahedron edges, so that each sphere is not fully covered by the packing. The bound on the amount of space that is not covered in each sphere is obtained in a recursive way by building on the observation that non-overlapping regular tetrahedra cannot subtend a solid angle of $4\\pi$ around a point if this point lies on a tetrahedron edge. The proof can be readily modified to apply to other polyhedra with the same property. The resulting lower bound on the fraction of empty space in a packing of regular tetrahedra is $2.6\\ldots\\times 10^{-25}$ and reaches $1.4\\ldots\\times 10^{-12}$ for regular octahedra.

  4. Visual quality assessment of electrochromic and conventional glazings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moeck, M.; Lee, E.S.; Rubin, M.D.; Sullivan, R.; Selkowitz, S.E.

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Variable transmission, ``switchable`` electrochromic glazings are compared to conventional static glazings using computer simulations to assess the daylighting quality of a commercial office environment where paper and computer tasks are performed. RADIANCE simulations were made for a west-facing commercial office space under clear and overcast sky conditions. This visualization tool was used to model different glazing types, to compute luminance and illuminance levels, and to generate a parametric set of photorealistic images of typical interior views at various times of the day and year. Privacy and visual display terminal (VDT) visibility is explored. Electrochromic glazings result in a more consistent glare-free daylit environment compared to their static counterparts. However, if the glazing is controlled to minimize glare or to maintain low interior daylight levels for critical visual tasks (e.g, VDT), occupants may object to the diminished quality of the outdoor view due to its low transmission (Tv = 0.08) during those hours. RADIANCE proved to be a very powerful tool to better understand some of the design tradeoffs of this emerging glazing technology. The ability to draw specific conclusions about the relative value of different technologies or control strategies is limited by the lack of agreed upon criteria or standards for lighting quality and visibility.

  5. Conventional and synthetic aperature processing for airborne ground penetrating radar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cameron, R.M. [Airborne Environmental Surveys, Santa Maria, CA (United States); Simkins, W.L.; Brown, R.D. [MSB Technologies, Inc., Rome, NY (United States)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    For the past four years Airborne Environmental Surveys (AES), a Division of Era Aviation, Inc. has used unique and patented airborne Frequency-Modulated, Continuous Wave (FM-CW) radars and processes for detecting and mapping subsurface phenomena. Primary application has focused on the detection of man-made objects in landfills, hazardous waste sites (some of which contain unexploded ordinance), and subsurface plumes of refined free-floating hydrocarbons. Recently, MSB Technologies, Inc. (MSB) has developed a form of synthetic aperture radar processing (SAR), called GPSAR{trademark}, that is tailored especially for the AES radars. Used as an adjunct to more conventional airborne ground-penetrating radar data processing techniques, GPSAR takes advantage of the radars` coherent transmission and produces imagery that is better focused and more accurate in determining an object`s range and true depth. This paper describes the iterative stages of data processing and analysis used with the radars and shows the added advantages that GPSAR processing offers.

  6. Non-conventional passive sensors for monitoring tritium on surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gammage, R.B.; Brock, J.L.; Meyer, K.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Health Sciences Research Div.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors describe development of small passive, solid-state detectors for in-situ measurements of tritium, or other weak beta-emitting radionuclides, on surfaces. One form of detector operates on the principle of thermally stimulated exoelectron emission (TSEE), the other by discharge of an electret ion chamber (EIC). There are currently two specific types of commercially available detector systems that lend themselves to making surface measurements. One is the thin-film BeO on a graphite disc, and the other is the Teflon EIC. Two other types of TSEE dosimeters (ceramic BeO and carbon doped alumina) are described but lack either a suitable commercially available reader or standardized methods of fabrication. The small size of these detectors allows deployment in locations difficult to access with conventional windowless gas-flow proportional counters. Preliminary testing shows that quantitative measurements are realized with exposure times of 1--10 hours for the TSEE dosimeters (at the DOE release guideline of 5,000 dpm/100 cm{sup 2} for fixed beta contamination). The EIC detectors exhibit an MDA of 26,000 dpm/100 cm{sup 2} for a 24 hour exposure. Both types of integrating device are inexpensive and reusable. Measurements can, therefore, be made that are faster, cheaper, safer, and better than those possible with baseline monitoring technology.

  7. Boron-Lined Multichamber and Conventional Neutron Proportional Counter Tests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodring, Mitchell L.; Ely, James H.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Stromswold, David C.

    2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiation portal monitors used for interdiction of illicit materials at borders include highly sensitive neutron detection systems. The main reason for having neutron detection capability is to detect fission neutrons from plutonium. The currently deployed radiation portal monitors (RPMs) from Ludlum and Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) use neutron detectors based upon 3He-filled gas proportional counters, which are the most common large neutron detector. There is a declining supply of 3He in the world, and thus, methods to reduce the use of this gas in RPMs with minimal changes to the current system designs and sensitivity to cargo-borne neutrons are being investigated. Four technologies have been identified as being currently commercially available, potential alternative neutron detectors to replace the use of 3He in RPMs. These technologies are: 1) Boron trifluoride (BF3)-filled proportional counters, 2) Boron-lined proportional counters, 3) Lithium-loaded glass fibers, and 4) Coated non-scintillating plastic fibers. In addition, a few other companies have detector technologies that might be competitive in the near term as an alternative technology. Reported here are the results of tests of a boron-lined, multichamber proportional counter manufactured by LND, Inc. Also reported are results obtained with an earlier design of conventional, boron-lined, proportional counters from LND. This testing measured the required performance for neutron detection efficiency and gamma-ray rejection capabilities of the detectors.

  8. Regularization of soft-X-ray imaging in the DIII-D tokamak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wingen, Andreas [ORNL; Shafer, Morgan W [ORNL; Unterberg, Ezekial A [ORNL; Hill, Judith C [ORNL; Hillis, Donald Lee [ORNL

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An image inversion scheme for the soft X-ray imaging system (SXRIS) diagnostic at the DIII-D tokamak is developed to obtain the local soft X-ray emission at a poloidal cross-section from the spatially line-integrated image taken by the SXRIS camera. The scheme uses the Tikhonov regularization method since the inversion problem is generally ill-posed. The regularization technique uses the generalized singular value decomposition to determine a solution that depends on a free regularization parameter. The latter has to be chosen carefully, and the so called {\\it L-curve} method to find the optimum regularization parameter is outlined. A representative test image is used to study the properties of the inversion scheme with respect to inversion accuracy, amount/strength of regularization, image noise and image resolution. The optimum inversion parameters are identified, while the L-curve method successfully computes the optimum regularization parameter. Noise is found to be the most limiting issue, but sufficient regularization is still possible at noise to signal ratios up to 10%-15%. Finally, the inversion scheme is applied to measured SXRIS data and the line-integrated SXRIS image is successfully inverted.

  9. REGULAR MEETING OF THE FACULTY SENATE The University of Oklahoma (Norman campus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    REGULAR MEETING OF THE FACULTY SENATE The University of Oklahoma (Norman campus) May 5, 2014, 3 Baker, Donald R. Social Work 8/16/2013 1988 Brule, William Steve Dance 8/16/2013 2004 Cherry Jr., Andrew

  10. BRST invariant PV regularization of SUSY Yang-Mills and SUGRA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mary K. Gaillard

    2011-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Pauli-Villars regularization of Yang-Mills theories and of supergravity theories is outlined, with an emphasis on BRST invariance. Applications to phenomenology and the anomaly structure of supergravity are discussed.

  11. FETI-R (Part II): A regularized variational approach for Finite Element Tearing and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FETI-R (Part II): A regularized variational approach for Finite Element Tearing and Interconnecting Laboratories y Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 Abstract The coarse grid problem of the original FETI method

  12. Timing in the Absence of Supraspinal Input: Effects of Temporally Regular Stimulation on Spinal Plasticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Kuan Hsien

    2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    task, in which response-contingent leg shock produces an increase in flexion duration. Exposure to temporally regular stimulation (fixed spaced stimulation; FT) promotes learning, and temporally irregular stimulation produces a learning deficit...

  13. Phase transitions of regular Schwarzschild-Anti-deSitter black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frassino, Antonia Micol

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study a solution of the Einstein's equations generated by a self-gravitating, anisotropic, static, non-singular matter fluid. The resulting Schwarzschild like solution is regular and accounts for smearing effects of noncommutative fluctuations of the geometry. We call this solution regular Schwarzschild spacetime. In the presence of an Anti-deSitter cosmological term, the regularized metric offers an extension of the Hawking-Page transition into a van der Waals-like phase diagram. Specifically the regular Schwarzschild-Anti-deSitter geometry undergoes a first order small/large black hole transition similar to the liquid/gas transition of a real fluid. In the present analysis we have considered the cosmological constant as a dynamical quantity and its variation is included in the first law of black hole thermodynamics.

  14. Reducing noise in moving-grid codes with strongly-centroidal Lloyd mesh regularization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mocz, Philip; Pakmor, Rudiger; Genel, Shy; Springel, Volker; Hernquist, Lars

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for improving the accuracy of hydrodynamical codes that use a moving Voronoi mesh is described. Our scheme is based on a new regularization scheme that constrains the mesh to be centroidal to high precision while still allowing the cells to move approximately with the local fluid velocity, thereby retaining the quasi-Lagrangian nature of the approach. Our regularization technique significantly reduces mesh noise that is attributed to changes in mesh topology and deviations from mesh regularity. We demonstrate the advantages of our method on various test problems, and note in particular improvements obtained in handling shear instabilities, mixing, and in angular momentum conservation. Calculations of adiabatic jets in which shear excites Kelvin Helmholtz instability show reduction of mesh noise and entropy generation. In contrast, simulations of the collapse and formation of an isolated disc galaxy are nearly unaffected, showing that numerical errors due to the choice of regularization do not impact ...

  15. Risk Bounds for Regularized Least-squares Algorithm with Operator-valued kernels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vito, Ernesto De

    2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that recent results in [3] on risk bounds for regularized least-squares on reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces can be straightforwardly extended to the vector-valued regression setting. We first briefly introduce ...

  16. In-Cylinder Imaging of Conventional and Advanced, Low-Temperature...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Cylinder Imaging of Conventional and Advanced, Low-Temperature Diesel Combustion Sponsor: USDOE Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program Managers: Gurpreet Singh,...

  17. Electromagnetic wave propagation with negative phase velocity in regular black holes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharif, M., E-mail: msharif.math@pu.edu.pk; Manzoor, R., E-mail: rubabmanzoor9@yahoo.com [University of the Punjab, Department of Mathematics (Pakistan)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the propagation of electromagnetic plane waves with negative phase velocity in regular black holes. For this purpose, we consider the Bardeen model as a nonlinear magnetic monopole and the Bardeen model coupled to nonlinear electrodynamics with a cosmological constant. It turns out that the region outside the event horizon of each regular black hole does not support negative phase velocity propagation, while its possibility in the region inside the event horizon is discussed.

  18. The determination of efficient numerical integration schemes for two methods of regularized celestial mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slack, Michael Lewis

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MECHANICS One Dimensional Regularization III TOTAL ENERGY AND REGULARIZATION 13 K-S Total Energy Element Functions Burdet Total Energy Element lunctions 14 15 IV NUMERICAL METHODS 17 Integration of Ordinary Differential Equations One-Step Methods... THE KUSTAANHEIMO-STIEFEL TRANSFOMATION APPENDIX B K-S TOTAL ENERGY FORMULATION APPENDIX C BURDET TOTAL ENERGY F0184UI. ATION APPENDIX D KSUR12 PROGRAM LISTING APPENDIX E BURDET PROGRAM LISTING APPENDIX F PROGRAM MODIFICATIONS APPENDIX G NUMFRICAL...

  19. Optimized estimates of the regularity of the conditional distribution of the sample mean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor Chulaevsky

    2015-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We give an improved estimate for the regularity of the conditional distribution of the empiric mean of a finite sample of IID random variables, conditional on the sample "fluctuations", extending the well-known property of Gaussian IID samples. Specifically, we replace the bounds in probability, established in our earlier works, by those in distribution, and this results in the optimal regularity exponent in the final estimate.

  20. Pumping Lemma for Regular Sets: Let D = (Q, , , q0, F) be a DFA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Immerman, Neil

    Pumping Lemma for Regular Sets: Let D = (Q, , , q0, F) be a DFA. Let n = |Q|. Let w L(D) s.t. |w| n. Then x, y, z s.t. the following all hold: xyz = w |xy| n |y| > 0, and k 0 (xykz L(D)) Pumping Lemma for Regular Sets #12;proof: Let w L(D), |w| n, w = w1, w2, . . . , wn · u w = w1 w2 w3

  1. On regular solutions of the 3-D compressible isentropic Euler-Boltzmann equations with vacuum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yachun Li; Shengguo Zhu

    2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we discuss the Cauchy Problem for the compressible isentropic Euler-Boltzmann equations with vacuum in radiation hydrodynamics. Firstly, we establish the local existence of regular solutions by the fundamental methods in the theory of quasi-linear symmetric hyperbolic systems under some physical assumptions. Then we give the non-global existence of regular solutions caused by the effect of vacuum for $1vacuum.

  2. SUMMER SCHOOLS SUMMER REGULAR CLASSES DISTANCE LEARNING Universit Laval will offer some 1,300 regular classes on its campus during the 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laval, Université

    (websites, written documents, virtual sessions, audio and video clips, animation, CD-ROMs, DVDs, and more), and student support and participation is provided through email, regular mail, discussion forums, virtual Representations of the Human Body June 26 to 30, 2012 Creative Workshop in Environmental Design July 2 to 6, 2012

  3. The Business Logic of Sustainability: Merging Economic Growth with Social Responsibility--The explosion of organic and eco-friendly products on retail store shelves and in our daily lives is more

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    The Business Logic of Sustainability: Merging Economic Growth with Social Responsibility-- The explosion of organic and eco-friendly products on retail store shelves and in our daily lives is more than and sustainability marketing present unique challenges, not the least of which is the lack of standards

  4. Rosemount Orchard is a sustainable development driven by a sense of community. It will offer affordable housing, "green" and local retail, a picking orchard, a community garden, and plenty of open space. The goal of the community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Netoff, Theoden

    will have solar panels, passive housing, district heating, will reuse all stormwater and greywater on site affordable housing, "green" and local retail, a picking orchard, a community garden, and plenty of open space everyone! The community will have a variety of different housing and different prices, a variety

  5. Evaluation of air toxic emissions from advanced and conventional coal-fired power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chu, P.; Epstein, M. [Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (United States); Gould, L. [Department of Energy, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Botros, P. [Department of Energy, Morgantown, WV (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper evaluates the air toxics measurements at three advanced power systems and a base case conventional fossil fuel power plant. The four plants tested include a pressurized fluidized bed combustor, integrated gasification combined cycle, circulating fluidized bed combustor, and a conventional coal-fired plant.

  6. U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY ASSESSMENT MODEL FOR UNDISCOVERED CONVENTIONAL OIL, GAS, AND NGL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    AM-i Chapter AM U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY ASSESSMENT MODEL FOR UNDISCOVERED CONVENTIONAL OIL, GAS Survey (USGS) periodically conducts assessments of the oil, gas, and natural-gas liquids (NGL) resources by the USGS in1998 for undiscovered oil, gas, and NGL resources that reside in conventional accumulations

  7. A threshold area ratio of organic to conventional agriculture causes recurrent pathogen outbreaks in organic agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolokolnikov, Theodore

    A threshold area ratio of organic to conventional agriculture causes recurrent pathogen outbreaks in organic agriculture S. Adl a, , D. Iron b , T. Kolokolnikov b a Department of Biology, Dalhousie Fungal spores Organic agriculture Pathogen dispersal Conventional agriculture uses herbicides, pesticides

  8. Geological Attributes from Conventional Well Logs: Relating Rock Types to Depositional Facies in Deepwater Turbidite Reservoirs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    SPE 166178 Geological Attributes from Conventional Well Logs: Relating Rock Types to Depositional. The objective of this paper is to quantitatively classify rock and bed types based on conventional well logs to assist facies interpretation and stratigraphic reservoir modeling. We model physical properties and well

  9. DNA decontamination: DNA-ExitusPlus in comparison with conventional reagents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    DNA decontamination: DNA-ExitusPlus in comparison with conventional reagents Here we present a completely new DNA decontamination reagent DNA-ExitusPlus. In comparison with conventional products, DNA solutions for effective DNA decontamination. DNA decontamination reagents use three different molecular prin

  10. Essays on Retail Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuang, Hao-Chun

    2013-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    . In the second essay, we develop a dynamic simulation model to analyze multiple antecedents of IRI. Based on simulation results, we derive two hypotheses on the association between IRI and labor. The panel data analysis shows that both the level and the mix...

  11. jcpenney retail renovation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baechler, Michael C.; Rosenberg, Michael I.; Zhang, Jian; Ruiz, Kathleen A.; Wilburn, Matthew S.

    2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    JC Penney is a partner with the DOE's Commercial Building Partnerships (CBP) program, working with PNNL to explore energy design measures (EDMs) that may be applied to their building portfolio. A site in Colonial Heights, VA was chosen for a retrofit project; computer modeling predicts 45% improved energy performance compared to baseline operations. This case study reviews EDMs that were selected and their performance as of June 2011.

  12. Retail Electricity Competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul; Tirole, Jean

    2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ?P [ max s E [S (s, ?) ? p ? D (s, ?) | ? ? P ] ] ? C(P) } . (7) This utility is maximized when the consumer is confronted with the wholesale prices: p? ? = p ? . Proposition 4 With real-time meters and imperfectly reactive, but rational consumers: (i... purchase cost corresponds to: 1 entire consumption profile (RT meter) yes customer’s RT profile 2 entire consumption profile (RT meter) no / partial customer’s RT profile 3 aggregate consumption only (traditional meter) no customer’s RT profile 4 aggregate...

  13. Inverse transport problem solvers based on regularized and compressive sensing techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheng, Y.; Cao, L.; Wu, H.; Zhang, H. [School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong Univ., Xianning West Road No.28, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710049 (China)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    According to the direct exposure measurements from flash radiographic image, regularized-based method and compressive sensing (CS)-based method for inverse transport equation are presented. The linear absorption coefficients and interface locations of objects are reconstructed directly at the same time. With a large number of measurements, least-square method is utilized to complete the reconstruction. Owing to the ill-posedness of the inverse problems, regularized algorithm is employed. Tikhonov method is applied with an appropriate posterior regularization parameter to get a meaningful solution. However, it's always very costly to obtain enough measurements. With limited measurements, CS sparse reconstruction technique Orthogonal Matching Pursuit (OMP) is applied to obtain the sparse coefficients by solving an optimization problem. This paper constructs and takes the forward projection matrix rather than Gauss matrix as measurement matrix. In the CS-based algorithm, Fourier expansion and wavelet expansion are adopted to convert an underdetermined system to a well-posed system. Simulations and numerical results of regularized method with appropriate regularization parameter and that of CS-based agree well with the reference value, furthermore, both methods avoid amplifying the noise. (authors)

  14. Quasi Regular Polyhedra and Their Duals with Coxeter Symmetries Represented by Quaternions II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehmet Koca; Mudhahir Al Ajmi; Saleh Al- Shidhani

    2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we construct the quasi regular polyhedra and their duals which are the generalizations of the Archimedean and Catalan solids respectively. This work is an extension of two previous papers of ours which were based on the Archimedean and Catalan solids obtained as the orbits of the Coxeter groups . When these groups act on an arbitrary vector in 3D Euclidean space they generate the orbits corresponding to the quasi regular polyhedra. Special choices of the vectors lead to the platonic and Archimedean solids. In general, the faces of the quasi regular polyhedra consist of the equilateral triangles, squares, regular pentagons as well as rectangles, isogonal hexagons, isogonal octagons, and isogonal decagons depending on the choice of the Coxeter groups of interest. We follow the quaternionic representation of the group elements of the Coxeter groups which necessarily leads to the quaternionic representation of the vertices. We note the fact that the molecule can best be represented by a truncated icosahedron where the hexagonal faces are not regular, rather, they are isogonal hexagons where single bonds and double bonds of the carbon atoms are represented by the alternating edge lengths of isogonal hexagons.

  15. First-order quantum phase transitions: test ground for emergent chaoticity, regularity and persisting symmetries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Macek; A. Leviatan

    2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a comprehensive analysis of the emerging order and chaos and enduring symmetries, accompanying a generic (high-barrier) first-order quantum phase transition (QPT). The interacting boson model Hamiltonian employed, describes a QPT between spherical and deformed shapes, associated with its U(5) and SU(3) dynamical symmetry limits. A classical analysis of the intrinsic dynamics reveals a rich but simply-divided phase space structure with a H\\'enon-Heiles type of chaotic dynamics ascribed to the spherical minimum and a robustly regular dynamics ascribed to the deformed minimum. The simple pattern of mixed but well-separated dynamics persists in the coexistence region and traces the crossing of the two minima in the Landau potential. A quantum analysis discloses a number of regular low-energy U(5)-like multiplets in the spherical region, and regular SU(3)-like rotational bands extending to high energies and angular momenta, in the deformed region. These two kinds of regular subsets of states retain their identity amidst a complicated environment of other states and both occur in the coexistence region. A symmetry analysis of their wave functions shows that they are associated with partial U(5) dynamical symmetry (PDS) and SU(3) quasi-dynamical symmetry (QDS), respectively. The pattern of mixed but well-separated dynamics and the PDS or QDS characterization of the remaining regularity, appear to be robust throughout the QPT. Effects of kinetic collective rotational terms, which may disrupt this simple pattern, are considered.

  16. State heating oil and propane program: Final report. Survey of No.2 heating oil and propane prices at the retail level, October 1997 through March 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Efficiency Division of the Vermont Department of Public Service (DPS) monitored the price and inventory of residential heating oil and propane during the 1997--98 heating season under a grant from the US Department of Energy`s Energy Information Administration (EIA). DPS staff collected data biweekly between October 5, 1997 and March 16, 1998 on the retail price of {number_sign}2 home heating oil and propane by telephone survey. Propane price quoted was based on the rate for a residential home heating customer using 1,000+ per year. The survey included a sample of fuel dealers selected by the EIA, plus additional dealers and fuels selected by the DPS. The EIA weighted, analyzed, and reported the data collected from their sample.

  17. Healthy Zero Energy Buildings (HZEB) Program - Cross-Sectional Study of Contaminant Levels, Source, Strengths, and Ventilation Rates in Retail Stores

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chan, Wanyu R.; Sidheswaran, Meera; Cohn, Sebastian; Sullivan, Douglas P.; Fisk, William

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This field study measured ventilation rates and indoor air quality parameters in 21 visits to retail stores in California. The data was collected to guide the development of new, science-based commercial building ventilation rate standards that balance the dual objectives of increasing energy efficiency and maintaining acceptable indoor air quality. Data collection occurred between September 2011 and March 2013. Three types of stores participated in this study: grocery stores, furniture/hardware stores, and apparel stores. Ventilation rates and indoor air contaminant concentrations were measured on a weekday, typically between 9 am and 6 pm. Ventilation rates measured using a tracer gas decay method exceeded the minimum requirement of California’s Title 24 Standard in all but one store. Even though there was adequate ventilation according to Title 24, concentrations of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acrolein exceeded the most stringent chronic health guidelines. Other indoor air contaminants measured included carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), carbon monoxide (CO), ozone (O{sub 3}), and particulate matter (PM). Concentrations of CO{sub 2} were kept low by adequate ventilation, and were assumed low also because the sampling occurred on a weekday when retail stores were less busy. CO concentrations were also low. The indoor-outdoor ratios of O{sub 3} showed that the first-order loss rate may vary by store trade types and also by ventilation mode (mechanical versus natural). Analysis of fine and ultrafine PM measurements showed that a substantial portion of the particle mass in grocery stores with cooking-related emissions was in particles less than 0.3 ?m. Stores without cooking as an indoor source had PM size distributions that were more similar indoors and outdoors. The whole-building emission rates of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and PM were estimated from the measured ventilation rates and indoor and outdoor contaminant concentrations. Mass balance models were then used to determine the ventilation rates, filtration strategies, or source reductions needed to maintain indoor contaminant concentrations below reference levels. Several scenarios of potential concern were considered: (i) formaldehyde levels in furniture/hardware stores, (ii) contaminants associated with cooking (e.g., PM, acrolein, and acetaldehyde) in grocery stores, and (iii) outdoor contaminants (e.g., PM and O{sub 3}) impacting stores that use natural ventilation. Estimated formaldehyde emission rates suggest that retail stores would need to ventilate at levels far exceeding the current Title 24 requirement to lower indoor concentrations below California’s stringent formaldehyde reference level. Given the high costs of providing ventilation but only modest chronic health benefit is expected, effective source control is an attractive alternative, as demonstrated by some retail stores in this study. Predictions showed that grocery stores need MERV 13 air filters, instead of MERV 8 filters that are more commonly used, to maintain indoor PM at levels that meet the chronic health standards for PM. Exposure to acrolein is a potential health concern in grocery stores, and should be addressed by increasing the use of kitchen range hoods or improving their contaminant removal efficiency. In stores that rely on natural ventilation, indoor PM can be a health concern if the stores are located in areas with high outdoor PM. This concern may be addressed by switching to mechanical ventilation when the outdoor air quality is poor, while continuing natural ventilation when outdoor air quality is good.

  18. On a regularized family of models for the full Ericksen-Leslie system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciprian G. Gal; Louis Tebou

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a general family of regularized systems for the full Ericksen-Leslie model for the hydrodynamics of liquid crystals in $n$-dimensional compact Riemannian manifolds, $n$=2,3. The system we consider consists of a regularized family of Navier-Stokes equations (including the Navier Stokes-$\\alpha $-like equation, the Leray-$\\alpha $ equation, the Modified Leray-$\\alpha $ equation, the Simplified Bardina model, the Navier Stokes-Voigt model and the Navier-Stokes equation) for the fluid velocity $u$ suitably coupled with a parabolic equation for the director field $d$. We establish existence, stability and regularity results for this family. We also show the existence of a finite dimensional global attractor for our general model, and then establish sufficiently general conditions under which each trajectory converges to a single equilibrium by means of a Lojasiewicz-Simon inequality.

  19. Faith, Politics, and the Misguided Mission of the Southern Baptist Convention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Dustin Alan

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ....................................................................... 17 The Birth of a Denomination .............................................................................. 23 Brewing Controversies ........................................................................................ 27 The Shift: A... were met. In order to qualify for these exemptions, individuals had to prove regular attendance and support of a local church and obtain certificates from at least three other churches confirming that the church was in good standing in its...

  20. Regularized energy-dependent solar flare hard x-ray spectral index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eduard P. Kontar; Alexander L. MacKinnon

    2005-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The deduction from solar flare X-ray photon spectroscopic data of the energy dependent model-independent spectral index is considered as an inverse problem. Using the well developed regularization approach we analyze the energy dependency of spectral index for a high resolution energy spectrum provided by Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI). The regularization technique produces much smoother derivatives while avoiding additional errors typical of finite differences. It is shown that observations imply a spectral index varying significantly with energy, in a way that also varies with time as the flare progresses. The implications of these findings are discussed in the solar flare context.

  1. ONLINE WINE TOURISM MARKETING EFFORTS OF WINERIES AND CONVENTION AND VISITORS BUREAUS IN TEXAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasch, Leslie

    2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    wineries conduct online marketing of wine tourism through their own establishments as well as in a regional context. A specific focus was placed on indications of collaborative wine tourism marketing practices on winery websites. Additionally, Convention...

  2. Are cap-and-trade programs more environmentally effective than conventional regulation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper considers the evidence and possible reasons that cap-and-trade programs are more effective in meeting environmental objectives than conventional prescriptive regulation. The evidence is based mostly, but not ...

  3. Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5.7 5.9 4.4 12.9 NA 17.3 See footnotes at end of table. 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 18 Energy Information Administration ...

  4. Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    87.4 86.9 78.3 68.5 W 70.8 See footnotes at end of table. 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 16 Energy Information Administration ...

  5. Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    88.4 87.8 80.1 70.0 NA 72.6 See footnotes at end of table. 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 16 Energy Information Administration ...

  6. Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5.7 5.9 3.9 12.7 W 16.6 See footnotes at end of table. 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 18 Energy Information Administration ...

  7. Equivalence of Conventionally-Derived and Parthenote-Derived Human Embryonic Stem Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Equivalence of Conventionally-Derived and Parthenote-6 | Issue 1 | e14499 Equivalence of hESC and phESC Figure 4.to determine points of equivalence and differences between

  8. The Coils of the Anaconda: America's First Conventional Battle in Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grau, Les

    2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Operation Anaconda was America's first conventional battle in Afghanistan. America's first battles did not always turn out as victories. Bunker Hill, Bull Run, Kasserine Pass, Task Force Smith, the Ia Drang Valley-all were ...

  9. Public participation in environmental impact assessment-implementing the Aarhus Convention

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartley, Nicola [EIA Centre, School of Environment and Development, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Wood, Christopher [EIA Centre, School of Environment and Development, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: chris.wood@manchester.ac.uk

    2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This article explores the nature of public participation in the environmental impact assessment (EIA) process in the context of the potential integration of the Aarhus Convention principles into the UK EIA system. Although the Convention advocates 'early' and 'effective' participation, these terms remain undefined and questions persist about exactly how to implement the Aarhus principles. Ten practice evaluation criteria derived from the Aarhus Convention are used to analyse the public participation procedures used in four UK waste disposal EIA case studies. The paper reports the extent to which the practice evaluation criteria were fulfilled, explores the types and effectiveness of the participation methods used in the EIAs, and highlights some of the key barriers that appear to impede the execution of 'early' and 'effective' participation programmes. It concludes that the Aarhus Convention will undoubtedly lead to a strengthening of participation procedures but that the level of improvement secured will depend upon how its ideals are interpreted and incorporated into legislation and practice.

  10. Evaluating the Conventional Wisdom in Clone Removal: A Genealogy-based Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Kevin A.

    Evaluating the Conventional Wisdom in Clone Removal: A Genealogy-based Empirical Study Minhaz F study based on the clone genealogies from a significant num- ber of releases of six software systems

  11. Economic costs of conventional surface-water treatment: A case study of the Mcallen northwest facility 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Callie Sue

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Conventional water treatment facilities are the norm for producing potable water for U.S. metropolitan areas. Rapidly-growing urban populations, competing demands for water, imperfect water markets, and uncertainty of future water supplies...

  12. A comparative study of conventionally sintered and microwave sintered nickel zinc ferrite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rani, Rekha [Electroceramics Research Lab, GVM Girls College, Sonepat-131001, India and School of Physics and Materials Science, Thapar University, Patiala-147004 (India); Juneja, J. K. [Department of Physics, Hindu College, Sonepat-131001 (India); Raina, K. K. [School of Physics and Materials Science, Thapar University, Patiala-147004 (India); Kotnala, R. K. [National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi -110012 (India); Prakash, Chandra, E-mail: cprakash2014@gmail.com [Solid State Physics Laboratory, Timarpur, Delhi - 110054 (India)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    For the present work, nickel zinc ferrite having compositional formula Ni{sub 0.8}Zn{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} was synthesized by conventional solid state method and sintered in conventional and microwave furnaces. Pellets were sintered with very short soaking time of 10 min at 1150 °C in microwave furnace whereas 4 hrs of soaking time was selected for conventional sintering at 1200 °C. Phase formation was confirmed by X-ray diffraction analysis technique. Scanning electron micrographs were taken for microstructural study. Dielectric properties were studied as a function of temperature. To study magnetic behavior, M-H hysteresis loops were recorded for both samples. It is observed that microwave sintered sample could obtain comparable properties to the conventionally sintered one in lesser soaking time at lower sintering temperature.

  13. Analysis of conventional and plutonium recycle unit-assemblies for the Yankee (Rowe) PWR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mertens, Paul Gustaaf

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An analysis and comparison of Unit Conventional UO2 Fuel-Assemblies and proposed Plutonium Recycle Fuel Assemblies for the Yankee (Rowe) Reactor has been made. The influence of spectral effects, at the watergaps -and ...

  14. 2014-02-06 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Conventional Cooking Products; Request for Information

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register request for information and notice of document availability regarding energy conservation standards for residential conventional cooking products, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on February 6, 2014.

  15. Economie Sociale et Solidaire et Economie des Conventions Franck Bessis1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Economie Sociale et Solidaire et Economie des Conventions Franck Bessis1 et Isabelle-mail : franck.bessis@univ-lyon2.fr 2 Chercheure post-doctorante, boursière du Fonds national suisse pour la

  16. Fabrication of masters for microfluidic devices using conventional printed circuit technology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudarsan, Arjun Penubolu

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    are typically produced as replicas of a rigid mold or master incorporating a negative image of the desired structures. The negative image is typically constructed from either thick photoresists or etched silicon substrates using conventional photolithographic...

  17. Biofiltration vs. conventional activated sludge plants: what about priority and emerging1 pollutants removal?2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    performances of two complete wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) for all priority19 substances listed solids elimination and possible coagulant impact on soluble compounds. For biological27 treatments; biofiltration; conventional activated sludge; physico-chemical lamellar settling;42 wastewater treatment plant

  18. Comparison of conventional freezing and vitrification for cryopreservation of equine embryos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruemmer, Jason Edward

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COMPARISON OF CONVENTIONAL FREEZING AND VITRIFICATION FOR CRYOPRESERVATION OF EQUINE EMBRYOS A Thesis by JASON EDWARD BRUEMMER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Physiology of Reproduction COMPARISON OF CONVENTIONAL FREEZING AND VITRIFICATION FOR CRYOPRESERVATION OF EQUINE EMBRYOS A Thesis by JASON EDWARD BRUEMMER Approved as to style and content by: J...

  19. A review of ash in conventional and advanced coal-based power systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holcombe, N.T.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Process conditions are briefly described for conventional and advanced power systems. The advanced systems include both combustion and gasification processes. We discuss problems in coal-based power generation systems, including deposition, agglomeration and sintering of bed materials, and ash attack are discussed. We also discuss methods of mitigating ash problems and anticipated changes anticipated in ash use by converting from conventional to advanced systems.

  20. Modelling the costs of non-conventional oil: A case study of Canadian bitumen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Méjean, A; Hope, Chris

    in conventional deposits. The longer- term problem of climate change arises from the fuller and longer-term use of coal, and of unconventional deposits such as heavy oils, tar sands and oil shales.” (Grubb, 2001) As conventional oil becomes scarcer, the transport... , it is not mobile at reservoir conditions, (Cupcic, 2003): density Oil shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock rich in organic matter, (USGS, 2005): oil shales contain kerogen, which is a solid, insoluble organic material...

  1. Hydraulic Hybrid and Conventional Parcel Delivery Vehicles' Measured Laboratory Fuel Economy on Targeted Drive Cycles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lammert, M. P.; Burton, J.; Sindler, P.; Duran, A.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research project compares laboratory-measured fuel economy of a medium-duty diesel powered hydraulic hybrid vehicle drivetrain to both a conventional diesel drivetrain and a conventional gasoline drivetrain in a typical commercial parcel delivery application. Vehicles in this study included a model year 2012 Freightliner P100H hybrid compared to a 2012 conventional gasoline P100 and a 2012 conventional diesel parcel delivery van of similar specifications. Drive cycle analysis of 484 days of hybrid parcel delivery van commercial operation from multiple vehicles was used to select three standard laboratory drive cycles as well as to create a custom representative cycle. These four cycles encompass and bracket the range of real world in-use data observed in Baltimore United Parcel Service operations. The NY Composite cycle, the City Suburban Heavy Vehicle Cycle cycle, and the California Air Resources Board Heavy Heavy-Duty Diesel Truck (HHDDT) cycle as well as a custom Baltimore parcel delivery cycle were tested at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Renewable Fuels and Lubricants Laboratory. Fuel consumption was measured and analyzed for all three vehicles. Vehicle laboratory results are compared on the basis of fuel economy. The hydraulic hybrid parcel delivery van demonstrated 19%-52% better fuel economy than the conventional diesel parcel delivery van and 30%-56% better fuel economy than the conventional gasoline parcel delivery van on cycles other than the highway-oriented HHDDT cycle.

  2. Endemic infections are always possible on regular networks Charo I. Del Genio1, 2, 3, 4,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sengun, Mehmet Haluk

    , and Thomas House1, 2, 3, 1Warwick Mathematics Institute, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry understanding of the spread of diseases [14]. A common approach, especially in ecological or spatially address: T.A.House@warwick.ac.uk that the size of the largest component in regular networks is always

  3. REGULAR ARTICLE Soil erosion, runoff and nutrient losses in an avocado (Persea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Johannes

    REGULAR ARTICLE Soil erosion, runoff and nutrient losses in an avocado (Persea americana Mill management systems on erosion and runoff processes associated with extremely steep hillside avocado (Persea several groundcover manage- ment systems at a steep hillside avocado planting in a three-year study: 1

  4. REGULAR PAPER Photoproduction of hydrogen by sulfur-deprived C. reinhardtii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meier, Iris

    dramatic was the effect of sulfur deprivation on the H2-production process, which depends both on the presREGULAR PAPER Photoproduction of hydrogen by sulfur-deprived C. reinhardtii mutants with impaired+Business Media B.V. 2007 Abstract Photoproduction of H2 was examined in a series of sulfur-deprived Chlamydomonas

  5. Spatially Regularized Logistic Regression for Disease Mapping on Large Moving Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vucetic, Slobodan

    . Categories and Subject Descriptors H.2.8 [Database Management]: Database Apps--Data Mining General Terms, Movement trajectories, Spatial-temporal data mining, Regularization, Privacy. 1. INTRODUCTION Disease, forestry, ecology, astronomy, and archeology [3]. There are two major methods for disease mapping

  6. Kinematics measurements of regular, irregular, and rogue waves by PIV/LDV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Hae-Jin

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    waves. A series of experiments were conducted in a 2-D wave tank at Texas A&M University to measure wave velocities and accelerations using LDV and PIV systems. The wave crests of regular and rogue waves are the focus of this study. With the measured...

  7. Predecessor Sets of Dynamic Pushdown Networks with TreeRegular Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller-Olm, Markus

    Predecessor Sets of Dynamic Pushdown Networks with Tree­Regular Constraints Peter Lammich, Markus MË?uller­Olm­UniversitË?at MË?unster {peter.lammich,markus.mueller­olm,alexander.wenner}@uni­muenster.de Abstract. Dynamic, Markus MË?uller­Olm, and Alexander Wenner Usually, DPNs are analyzed w.r.t. an interleaving semantics

  8. Predecessor Sets of Dynamic Pushdown Networks with Tree-Regular Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller-Olm, Markus

    Predecessor Sets of Dynamic Pushdown Networks with Tree-Regular Constraints Peter Lammich, Markus M¨uller-Olm-Universit¨at M¨unster {peter.lammich,markus.mueller-olm,alexander.wenner}@uni-muenster.de Abstract. Dynamic, Markus M¨uller-Olm, and Alexander Wenner Usually, DPNs are analyzed w.r.t. an interleaving semantics

  9. Change of order for regular chains in positive dimension Xavier Dahan , Xin Jin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno Maza, Marc

    in dimension zero; ·Newton-Hensel lifting. Basic setup Let V be an irreducible variety of dimension r, defined, . . . , yr) kr , Ts(y, Z1, . . . , Zs) ... T1(y, Z1) Specialize and lift paradigm: intermediate computations. lift v in T; [dim. 1] 3. specialize w at a random value. [dim. 0] Algorithm Input. ·A regular chain Tin

  10. Regular PaperJ. Radiat. Res., 51, 657664 (2010) Adaptive Response in Zebrafish Embryos Induced Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, K.N.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the zebrafish embryos in vivo. INTRODUCTION For radiation protection purposes, prediction of risk from this model is commonly adopted for radiation protection purposes, there is a considerable amount of evidenceRegular PaperJ. Radiat. Res., 51, 657­664 (2010) Adaptive Response in Zebrafish Embryos Induced

  11. Possible doublet mechanism for a regular component of parity violation in neutron scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. V. Flambaum; V. G. Zelevinsky

    1994-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A nucleus with octupole deformation of the mean field reveals rotational doublets with the same angular momentum and opposite parity. Mediated by the Coriolis-type interaction, the doublet structure leads to a strong regular component in the parity violation caused by weak interaction. This can explain sign correlations observed in polarized neutron scattering by $^{232}$Th.

  12. EFFECTIVE WAVELET-BASED REGULARIZATION OF DIVERGENCE-FREE FRACTIONAL BROWNIAN MOTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EFFECTIVE WAVELET-BASED REGULARIZATION OF DIVERGENCE-FREE FRACTIONAL BROWNIAN MOTION P. H´EAS, S-free fractional Brownian Motion (fBm). The method is based on fractional Laplacian and divergence-free waveletBm priors, by simply sampling wavelet coefficients according to Gaussian white noise. Fractional Laplacians

  13. WAVELET DENOISING BASED ON LOCAL REGULARITY INFORMATION Antoine Echelard and Jacques Lvy-Vhel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    WAVELET DENOISING BASED ON LOCAL REGULARITY INFORMATION Antoine Echelard and Jacques Lévy- posing the corrupted signal in a wavelet basis, processing the wavelet coefficients, and then going back, many real-world signals have a sparse structure in the wavelet domain, i.e. a few coefficients

  14. The structure of reflexive regular splicing languages via Schutzenberger constants \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonizzoni, Paola

    by Paun and Pixton respectively [16, 20]. The computational power of splicing systems has been thoroughlyThe structure of reflexive regular splicing languages via Sch¨utzenberger constants \\Lambda Paola generating) device, called a splicing system. Other variants of this original definition were also proposed

  15. REGULAR ARTICLE Impact of biological soil crusts and desert plants on soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neher, Deborah A.

    REGULAR ARTICLE Impact of biological soil crusts and desert plants on soil microfaunal community are supplied by a variety of sources in the desert food web; both vascular and non-vascular plants and cyanobacteria supply carbon, and cyanobacteria and plant-associated rhizosphere bacteria are sources

  16. Rotational Symmetry and Regularization Dependence in the $?^4_4$-Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. B. Lang; U. Winkler

    1992-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the one component $\\Phi^4$ model for four different lattice actions in the Gaussian limit and for the Ising model in the broken phase. Emphasis is put on the euclidean invariance properties of the boson propagator. A measure of the violation of rotational symmetry serves as a tool to compare the regularization dependence of the triviality bound.

  17. ADAPTIVE REGULARIZATION OF THE NL-MEANS FOR VIDEO DENOISING Camille Sutour1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to the noise statistic. C. Sutour would like to thank the DGA and the Aquitaine region for funding her PhD. J regularization. Besides, this model can be adapted to different noise statistics and a fast resolution can. The variational methods consist in minimizing an energy in order to force certain properties on the unknown

  18. DOI 10.1140/epje/i2013-13017-0 Regular Article

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheibert, Julien

    DOI 10.1140/epje/i2013-13017-0 Regular Article Eur. Phys. J. E (2013) 36: 17 THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL. This local constitutive law, which involves a roughness-related length scale, is consistent with the model Amontons-Coulomb's framework, when two solids are brought in contact un- der a normal load P and subjected

  19. Global Gevrey Regularity for the B'enard Convection in Porous Medium with Zero

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Global Gevrey Regularity for the B'enard Convection in Porous Medium with Zero Darcy­Prandtl Number for the three­dimensional B'enard convection model in porous medium with zero Darcy­Prandtl number using system for energy conservation, enhancing recovery of oil by thermal methods, assessing risks for nuclear

  20. Proton: Multitouch Gestures as Regular Expressions Kenrick Kin1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agrawala, Maneesh

    Proton: Multitouch Gestures as Regular Expressions Kenrick Kin1,2 Bj¨orn Hartmann1 Tony DeRose2) know how to extend existing code to reliably recognize the complete gesture set. Proton is a novel frame- work that addresses both of these problems. Using Proton, the application developer declaratively

  1. Regular electrically charged structures in Nonlinear Electrodynamics coupled to General Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irina Dymnikova

    2004-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We address the question of existence of regular spherically symmetric electrically charged solutions in Nonlinear Electrodynamics coupled to General Relativity. Stress-energy tensor of the electromagnetic field has the algebraic structure $T_0^0=T_1^1$. In this case the Weak Energy Condition leads to the de Sitter asymptotic at approaching a regular center. In de Sitter center of an electrically charged NED structure, electric field, geometry and stress-energy tensor are regular without Maxwell limit which is replaced by de Sitter limit: energy density of a field is maximal and gives an effective cut-off on self-energy density, produced by NED coupled to gravity and related to cosmological constant $\\Lambda$. Regular electric solutions satisfying WEC, suffer from one cusp in the Lagrangian ${\\cal L}(F)$, which creates the problem in an effective geometry whose geodesics are world lines of NED photons. We investigate propagation of photons and show that their world lines never terminate which suggests absence of singularities in the effective geometry. To illustrate these results we present the new exact analytic spherically symmetric electric solution with the de Sitter center.

  2. Enumerating the edge-colourings of a regular graph Stephane Bessy and Frederic Havet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Enumerating the edge-colourings of a regular graph St´ephane Bessy and Fr´ed´eric Havet Assistant and Combinatorics Deparment of Applied Mathematics, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. S. Bessy. Bessy and F.Havet () Enumerating the edge-colourings WGTC, Kaohsiung, 2012 2 / 41 lirmm-00811571,version

  3. On viscosity solutions of certain Hamilton-Jacobi equations: Regularity results and generalized Sard's Theorems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    On viscosity solutions of certain Hamilton-Jacobi equations: Regularity results and generalized prove that any viscosity solution of the corresponding Hamilton-Jacobi equation on the manifold M). Moreover, we prove that, under additional assumptions and in low dimension, any viscosity solution

  4. Please see the online version of this article for supplementary materials. Regularization Parameter Selections via

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Richard Runze

    Please see the online version of this article for supplementary materials. Regularization Parameter that the BIC-type selector enables identification of the true model consistently, and the resulting estimator-type selector tends to overfit with positive probability. We further show that the AIC-type selector

  5. Multistep DBT and regular rational extensions of the isotonic oscillator Yves Grandati

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    new towers of regular rational extensions of this potential which are strictly isospectral to it. We corresponding to unphysical (negative energy) eigenfunctions of the initial hamiltonian. They are obtained of negative energy states has been already proposed in early years of SUSY MQ development [25

  6. A conjecture of Biggs concerning the resistance of a distance-regular graph

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markowsky, Greg

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Previously, Biggs has conjectured that the resistance between any two points on a distance-regular graph of valency greater than 2 is bounded by twice the resistance between adjacent points. We prove this conjecture, give the sharp constant for the inequality, and display the graphs for which the conjecture most nearly fails. Some necessary background material is included, as well as some consequences.

  7. All Regular Part-Time and Temporary Full-Time Employees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    contains important information and should be kept in a safe place known to you and your family. The Plan is underwritten by #12;Protecting Your Personal Information At Great-West Life, we recognize and respectAll Regular Part-Time and Temporary Full-Time Employees #12;Great-West Life is a leading Canadian

  8. VEHICLE NETWORKS: ACHIEVING REGULAR FORMATION Sonja Glavaski1, Madalena Chaves2, Robert Day3,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaves, Madalena

    VEHICLE NETWORKS: ACHIEVING REGULAR FORMATION Sonja Glavaski1, Madalena Chaves2, Robert Day3 will consider a network of vehicles ex- changing information among themselves with the intention of achieving, allowing for the randomly breaking of the communi- cation links among the vehicles. The network achieves

  9. Hierarchical Extraction of Iso-Surfaces with Semi-Regular Meshes Kai Hormann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hormann, Kai

    Hierarchical Extraction of Iso-Surfaces with Semi-Regular Meshes Kai Hormann Ulf Labsik Martin and final result of our hierarchical iso-surface extraction algorithm. Abstract In this paper we present a novel approach to iso-surface extrac- tion which is based on a multiresolution volume data

  10. Absorption of planar massless scalar waves by Bardeen regular black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caio F. B. Macedo; Luís C. B. Crispino

    2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Accretion of fields by black holes is a subject of great interest in physics. It is known that accretion plays a fundamental role in active galactic nuclei and in the evolution of black holes. Accretion of fundamental fields is often related to the study of absorption cross section. Basically all black holes for which absorption of fields has been studied so far present singularities. However, even within general relativity, it is possible to construct regular black holes: objects with event horizons but without singularities. Many physically motivated regular black hole solutions have been proposed in the past years, demanding the understanding of their absorption properties. We study the absorption of planar massless scalar waves by Bardeen regular black holes. We compare the absorption cross section of Bardeen and Reissner--Nordstr\\"om black holes, showing that the former always have a bigger absorption cross section for fixed values of the field frequency and of the normalized black hole charge. We also show that it is possible for a Bardeen black hole to have the same high-frequency absorption cross section of a Reissner--Nordstr\\"om black hole. Our results suggest that, in mid-to-high-frequency regimes, regular black holes can have compatible properties with black holes with singularities, as far as absorption is concerned.

  11. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Sustainable alternatives to traditional plastics and conventional plastic waste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to traditional plastics and conventional plastic waste management in the agricultural setting of the UBC Farm alternatives to traditional plastics and conventional plastic waste management in the agricultural setting ................................................................................................................. 9 Agricultural plastics

  12. On a regularized family of models for homogeneous incompressible two-phase flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciprian G. Gal; T. Tachim Medjo

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a general family of regularized models for incompressible two-phase flows based on the Allen-Cahn formulation in n-dimensional compact Riemannian manifolds for n=2,3. The system we consider consists of a regularized family of Navier-Stokes equations (including the Navier-Stokes-{\\alpha}-like model, the Leray-{\\alpha} model, the Modified Leray-{\\alpha} model, the Simplified Bardina model, the Navier-Stokes-Voight model and the Navier-Stokes model) for the fluid velocity suitably coupled with a convective Allen-Cahn equation for the (phase) order parameter. We give a unified analysis of the entire three-parameter family of two-phase models using only abstract mapping properties of the principal dissipation and smoothing operators, and then use assumptions about the specific form of the parametrizations, leading to specific models, only when necessary to obtain the sharpest results. We establish existence, stability and regularity results, and some results for singular perturbations, which as special cases include the inviscid limit of viscous models and the {\\alpha}->0 limit in {\\alpha}-models. Then, we also show the existence of a global attractor and exponential attractor for our general model, and then establish precise conditions under which each trajectory converges to a single equilibrium by means of a LS inequality. We also derive new results on the existence of global and exponential attractors for the regularized family of Navier-Stokes equations and magnetohydrodynamics models which improve and complement the results of Holst et. al. [J. Nonlinear Science 20, 2010, 523-567]. Finally, our analysis is applied to certain regularized Ericksen-Leslie (RSEL) models for the hydrodynamics of liquid crystals in n-dimensional compact Riemannian manifolds.

  13. Quantitative Monitoring for Enhanced Geothermal Systems Using Double-Difference Waveform Inversion with Spatially-Variant Total-Variation Regularization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Youzuo [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Huang, Lianjie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhang, Zhigang [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Double-difference waveform inversion is a promising tool for quantitative monitoring for enhanced geothermal systems (EGS). The method uses time-lapse seismic data to jointly inverts for reservoir changes. Due to the ill-posedness of waveform inversion, it is a great challenge to obtain reservoir changes accurately and efficiently, particularly when using timelapse seismic reflection data. To improve reconstruction, we develop a spatially-variant total-variation regularization scheme into double-difference waveform inversion to improve the inversion accuracy and robustness. The new regularization scheme employs different regularization parameters in different regions of the model to obtain an optimal regularization in each area. We compare the results obtained using a spatially-variant parameter with those obtained using a constant regularization parameter. Utilizing a spatially-variant regularization scheme, the target monitoring regions are well reconstructed and the image noise is significantly reduced outside the monitoring regions. Our numerical examples demonstrate that the spatially-variant total-variation regularization scheme provides the flexibility to regularize local regions based on the a priori spatial information without increasing computational costs and the computer memory requirement.

  14. Regular, Postdocs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Scienceand Requirements Recently Approved JustificationBio-Inspired PowerRegionalRegistration

  15. Cost comparison of solar detoxification with conventional alternatives for the destruction of trichloroethylene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glatzmaier, G.C.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this analysis is to compare the cost of solar waste detoxification processes with conventional alternatives for the treatment of trichloroethylene (TCE) in air. The solar processes that were evaluated are high flux photothermal oxidation (PHOTOX), high flux thermal catalytic reforming (SOLTOX), and low flux photocatalytic oxidation (PHOCAT). The high flux processes, PHOTOX and SOLTOX, were based on dish concentrator technology. The low flux photocatalytic process was based on parabolic trough concentrating technology. The conventional alternatives are thermal oxidation, thermal catalytic oxidation, off-site carbon regeneration, and on-site solvent recovery. Analysis of the seven processes showed PHOCAT to be the most economical treatment method. PHOTOX showed slightly better economics relative to SOLTOX. Both were competitive, with the best conventional destruction process, thermal oxidation. Off-site carbon regeneration was the most expensive treatment method. 9 refs., 7 figs.

  16. Monitoring commercial conventional facilities control with the APS control system: The Metasys-to-EPICS interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nawrocki, G.J.; Seaver, C.L.; Kowalkowski, J.B.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    As controls needs at the Advanced Photon Source matured from an installation phase to an operational phase, the need to monitor the existing conventional facilities control system with the EPICS-based accelerator control system was realized. This existing conventional facilities control network is based on a proprietary system from Johnson Controls called Metasys. Initially read-only monitoring of the Metasys parameters will be provided; however, the ability for possible future expansion to full control is available. This paper describes a method of using commercially available hardware and existing EPICS software as a bridge between the Metasys and EPICS control systems.

  17. NV Energy Solar Integration Study: Cycling and Movements of Conventional Generators for Balancing Services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diao, Ruisheng; Lu, Shuai; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Makarov, Yuri V.; Guo, Xinxin

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With an increasing penetration level of solar power in the southern Nevada system, the impact of solar on system operations needs to be carefully studied from various perspectives. Qualitatively, it is expected that the balancing requirements to compensate for solar power variability will be larger in magnitude; meanwhile, generators providing load following and regulation services will be moved up or down more frequently. One of the most important tasks is to quantitatively evaluate the cycling and movements of conventional generators with solar power at different penetration levels. This study is focused on developing effective methodologies for this goal and providing a basis for evaluating the wear and tear of the conventional generators

  18. Life Cycle GHG Emissions from Conventional Natural Gas Power Generation: Systematic Review and Harmonization (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heath, G.; O'Donoughue, P.; Whitaker, M.

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research provides a systematic review and harmonization of the life cycle assessment (LCA) literature of electricity generated from conventionally produced natural gas. We focus on estimates of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted in the life cycle of electricity generation from conventionally produced natural gas in combustion turbines (NGCT) and combined-cycle (NGCC) systems. A process we term "harmonization" was employed to align several common system performance parameters and assumptions to better allow for cross-study comparisons, with the goal of clarifying central tendency and reducing variability in estimates of life cycle GHG emissions. This presentation summarizes preliminary results.

  19. ,"U.S. Conventional Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner SalesConventional Gasoline Refiner Sales

  20. ,"U.S. Conventional, Average Refiner Gasoline Prices"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner SalesConventional Gasoline Refiner