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1

Regional Economic Models, Inc. (REMI) Model | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regional Economic Models, Inc. (REMI) Model Regional Economic Models, Inc. (REMI) Model Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: REMI Agency/Company /Organization: Regional Economic Models Inc. Sector: Energy Focus Area: Transportation Phase: Determine Baseline, Develop Goals Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: www.remi.com/ Cost: Paid References: http://www.remi.com/index.php?page=overview&hl=en_US Related Tools Job and Economic Development Impact Models (JEDI) The Integrated Environmental Strategies Handbook: A Resource Guide for Air Quality Planning

2

A multi-agent model of several economic regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents Lagom regiO: a multi-agent model of several growing economic areas in interaction. The model is part of the Lagom model family: economic multi-agent models developed to make steps toward understanding equilibrium selection and identifying ... Keywords: Economic regions, Emissions, Growing economy, Multi-agent model

Sarah Wolf; Steffen FüRst; Antoine Mandel; Wiebke Lass; Daniel Lincke; Federico Pablo-Martí; Carlo Jaeger

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

2014 REGIONAL ECONOMIC OUTLOOK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2014 REGIONAL ECONOMIC OUTLOOK #12;2014 REGIONAL ECONOMIC OUTLOOK 2014 Overview The Cincinnati USA Partnership for Economic Development and the Northern Kentucky Chamber of Commerce are pleased to present the 2014 Regional Economic Outlook. This report was prepared by the Cincinnati USA Partnership's Regional

Boyce, Richard L.

4

[working paper] Regional Economic Capacity, Economic Shocks,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 [working paper] Regional Economic Capacity, Economic Shocks, and Economic that makes them more likely to resist economic shocks or to recover quickly from of resilience capacity developed by Foster (2012) is related to economic resilience

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

5

Using Advanced Technology-Rich Models for Regional And Global Economic Analysis of GHG Mitigation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents the case for a detailed regional analysis of the economic impacts of GHG control, via a set of inter-connected...

Richard Loulou; Amit Kanudia

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India* Jeffrey D. Sachs Director The Earth Institute at Columbia_ramiah@yahoo.co.uk Asian Economic Papers 1:3 © 2002 The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the Massachusetts

7

GIS-based energy-economic model of low temperature geothermal resources: A case study in the Italian Marche region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a computational procedure designed to derive a regional model of the low temperature geothermal potential and its economic exploitability. The model was applied to the Italian Marche region and developed with the support of a Geographic Information System (GIS), which highlights the spatial dependencies in the distribution of geothermic resources. The Low Temperature Geothermal Energy has already gained attention as a renewable energy resource for domestic heating and represents a growing opportunity for investment. Although it is common practice to conduct an accurate evaluation of the geothermal potential and its exploitability on a site during the construction of a single installation, there is not an established practice or guidelines for estimating this resource over large territories. This information could support an institution’s ability to conduct regional energy planning and guide private entrepreneurship to meet new economic opportunities. To address these issues, the main contribution of this work is a model that reduces the distance between the physical knowledge of the territory/environment and economic analysis. The model is based on a useful assessment of low temperature geothermal potential obtained from physical parameters on a regional scale, from which a set of economic indicators are calculated to evaluate the actual economic accessibility to the geothermal energy resource.

Alberto Gemelli; Adriano Mancini; Sauro Longhi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

THE ECONOMIC SITUATION IN THE ECE REGION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE ECONOMIC SITUATION IN THE ECE REGION DIETER HESSE ECONOMIC ANALYSIS DIVISION UNECE #12;Major trends in the global economy so far in 2003 Global economic activity picked up ­ but uneven regional growth forces United States remains main engine of global economic growth Japan and Asian emerging

9

Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth Report Title: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth Report Title: Coal Production@nmsu.edu #12;Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth i Disclaimer This report States Government or any agency thereof. #12;Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic

Johnson, Eric E.

10

Appendix B Sierra Nevada Region Customer Groups and Economic Regions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A- Not available electronically. A- Not available electronically. Appendix B Sierra Nevada Region Customer Groups and Economic Regions The list included in this appendix shows the Sierra Nevada Region customers with contracts expiring in the year 2004. The list indicates which customer group each customer is considered a part of for purposes of analysis. The list also shows which economic region each customer is located in. Some customers are not included in a subregion of the central and northern California region. Further discussion of the economic regions is included in Section 4.9.4 and in Appendix L. Appendix C Renewable Technology Cost Information Matrix The development of the renewable technology matrix (RTM) was undertaken to determine the primary cost and performance characteristics of renewable technologies in

11

Energy-economic theory and mathematical models for combining the systems of man and nature, case study: The urban region of Miami, Florida  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a study of the urban region of Miami, Fla. with consideration of energy flow and the relationship between energy theory and economics. Much of this work is based on the theories and work of Dr Howard T. Odum at the University of Florida. A theory of energy quality is presented which is an attempt to relate energies of different concentrations in their ability to do work. This theory allows comparison of the systems of man and nature. Another theory is proposed which seeks to describe the ability of a region to compete based on its flows of natural and fossil fuel energies. Economic, natural system, and energy data were compiled for the Miami urban region from 1950–1972. Cross-correlation of this data showed significant levels of correlation between the rate of change of fossil fuel use and the rates of change of population, budget, sales tax, income, building structure, and number of telephones. Calculation of several urban indicators for 1972 showed a fossil fuel energy density of 300 kcal/m2/day in the urbanized area, a per capita energy consumption of 53.8 × 106 kcal/capita/year, a ratio of natural to fossil fuel energies of 0.25, a developed area of 260 miles2 (673.4 km2), and a rate of development of 6.5 miles2 (16.8 km2) per year. An overall model of Miami is presented with flows and storages quantified for 1972. Based on this model a simpler model was simulated on an analog computer. This model consisted of a system of first-order in time, non-linear differential equations which included fossil fuel energy flows, main economic flows, external price functions, building structure, natural energies, and population. This model was simulated for several linearly increasing future price functions and several sets of future energy functions. Natural energies within the region were calculated by determining the land areas associated with various ecosystem types. Estimating the productivities of these systems on a per area basis allowed calculation of total energy flows. The energies associated with winds, tides, waves, and fresh/salt water concentration gradients were also determined. It was found that the ratio of natural to fossil fuel energy changed from 1.77 in 1950 to 0.25 in 1972.

James Zucchetto

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Great Lakes Water Scarcity and Regional Economic Development  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Great Lakes Water Scarcity and Regional Economic Development panel at Northwestern University on 10/10/2012

Cameron Davis; Tim Eder; David Ulrich; David Naftzger; Donald J. Wuebbles; Mark C. Petri

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

13

Great Lakes Water Scarcity and Regional Economic Development  

SciTech Connect

Great Lakes Water Scarcity and Regional Economic Development panel at Northwestern University on 10/10/2012

Cameron Davis; Tim Eder; David Ulrich; David Naftzger; Donald J. Wuebbles; Mark C. Petri

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

14

Potential Economic Impacts from Offshore Wind in the Great Lakes Region (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Offshore wind is a clean, renewable source of energy and can be an economic driver in the United States. To better understand the employment opportunities and other potential regional economic impacts from offshore wind development, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funded research that focuses on four regions of the country. The studies use multiple scenarios with various local job and domestic manufacturing content assumptions. Each regional study uses the new offshore wind Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) model, developed by DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory. This fact sheet summarizes the potential economic impacts identified by the study for the Great Lakes region.

Tegen, S.; Keyser, D.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Potential Economic Impacts from Offshore Wind in the Gulf of Mexico Region (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Offshore wind is a clean, renewable source of energy and can be an economic driver in the United States. To better understand the employment opportunities and other potential regional economic impacts from offshore wind development, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funded research that focuses on four regions of the country. The studies use multiple scenarios with various local job and domestic manufacturing content assumptions. Each regional study uses the new offshore wind Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) model, developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. This fact sheet summarizes the potential economic impacts for the Gulf of Mexico region.

Flores, F.; Keyser, D.; Tegen, S.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Potential Economic Impacts from Offshore Wind in the Mid-Atlantic Region (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Offshore wind is a clean, renewable source of energy and can be an economic driver in the United States. To better understand the employment opportunities and other potential regional economic impacts from offshore wind development, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funded research that focuses on four regions of the country. The studies use multiple scenarios with various local job and domestic manufacturing content assumptions. Each regional study uses the new offshore wind Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) model, developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. This fact sheet summarizes the potential economic impacts for the Mid-Atlantic region.

Keyser, D.; Tegen, S.; Flores, F.; Zammit, D.; Kraemer, M.; Miles, J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Microsoft Word - Summary of BPA's Use of the Regional Economic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Draft Contract This document summarizes BPA's use of the 2006 Regional Employment and Economic Study to contemplate the 7-year draft power sale contract that proposes to make...

18

Offshore Wind Jobs and Economic Development Impact: Four Regional Scenarios (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

NREL's Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) Model for Offshore Wind, is a computer tool for studying the economic impacts of fixed-bottom offshore wind projects in the United States. This presentation provides the results of an analysis of four offshore wind development scenarios in the Southeast Atlantic, Great Lakes, Mid-Atlantic, and Gulf of Mexico regions.

Tegen, S.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

ASSESSMENT OF ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF MODEL PREDICTIVE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASSESSMENT OF ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF MODEL PREDICTIVE CONTROL THROUGH VARIANCE/CONSTRAINT TUNING advanced process control (APC) strategies to deal with multivariable constrained control problems with an ultimate objective towards economic optimization. Any attempt to evaluate MPC performance should therefore

Huang, Biao

20

An energy-economic oil production model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......such as natural gas, coal, hydro and nuclear power...perspective, this energy-economic model offers an opportunity...Testimony before the Joint Economic Committee of the US Congress...HOEOEK, M. (2010) Coal and oil: the dark monarchs...2001) Introduction to Economic Growth, 2nd edn. New......

Peter Berg; Paul Hanz; Ian Milton

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The implementation of the triple helix model of industry-university-government relations in Puerto Rico to promote knowledge-based regional economic development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Puerto Rico, an island in the Caribbean, has long sought to develop a high-tech economy and has struggled in the process. Two initiatives, Puerto Rico TechnoEconomic Corridor (PRTEC) and the Eastern Central Technological ...

Ramos-Maltés, Ana Lorena

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Economic and Distributed Model Predictive Control of Nonlinear Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R. Amrit. Optimizing process economic performance us- ing2 Economic Model Predictive Control of Nonlinear Processof MPC and economic optimization of processes (e.g. , [2,

Heidarinejad, Mohsen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

11.482J / 1.285J / ESD.193J Regional Socioeconomic Impact Analyses and Modeling, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reviews regional economic theories and models and provides students with experience in using alternative economic impact assessment models on microcomputers. Problem sets are oriented around infrastructure, housing, energy, ...

Polenske, Karen R.

24

Economic Concepts AppliedEconomic Concepts Applied toto the Evaluation ofthe Evaluation of RegionalRegional Climate ImpactsClimate Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Concepts AppliedEconomic Concepts Applied toto the Evaluation ofthe Evaluation of Regional Centre #12;Purpose of Establishment of Links between Physical Climate Change Information and Economic Activity 1. To relate detailed climate change impact scenarios to socio-economic development trends

25

Offshore Wind Jobs and Economic Development Impacts in the United States: Four Regional Scenarios  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report uses the offshore wind Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) model and provides four case studies of potential offshore wind deployment scenarios in different regions of the United States: the Southeast, the Great Lakes, the Gulf Coast, and the Mid-Atlantic.

26

An energy-economic oil production model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......for more advanced energy-economic models...efficient (less energy intensive) than...hand, Germany's GDP per capita is much larger than...assumption that 100% of energy supply stems from oil. When oil demand is inelastic, this......

Peter Berg; Paul Hanz; Ian Milton

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

NREL: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) Models - About...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marine & Hydrokinetic Power Model The Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) model allows users to estimate economic development impacts from...

28

DOE Announces Webinars on an Offshore Wind Economic Impacts Model...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

an Offshore Wind Economic Impacts Model, Resources for Tribal Energy Efficiency Projects, and More DOE Announces Webinars on an Offshore Wind Economic Impacts Model, Resources for...

29

NREL: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) Models - About...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal Model The Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) Coal model allows the user to estimate economic development impacts from coal power generation projects. Applying a...

30

Model Refinement for Economic Assessments of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Under Award No. DE-FC26-06NT42847 Hawai`i Distributed Energy Resource Technologies for Energy Security Subtask/Pacific Region; energy policy; planning methods; and environmental valuation. She specializes in economic

31

Economical ontological models for discrete quantum systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

I use the recently proposed framework of ontological models (N. Harrigan, T. Rudolph, and S. Aaronson, e-print arXiv:0709.1149) to obtain economical models for the results of tomographically complete sets of measurements on finite-dimensional quantum systems. I describe a procedure that simplifies the models by decreasing the number of necessary ontic states and present an explicit model with just 33 ontic states for a qutrit.

Ernesto F. Galvão

2009-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

32

Economical ontological models for discrete quantum systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I use the recently proposed framework of ontological models [Harrigan et al., arXiv:0709.1149v2] to obtain economical models for results of tomographically complete sets of measurements on finite-dimensional quantum systems. I describe a procedure that simplifies the models by decreasing the number of necessary ontic states, and present an explicit model with just 33 ontic states for a qutrit.

Ernesto F. Galvao

2009-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

33

Economic Impacts of Munroe Regional Medical Center in Marion County, Florida  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Impacts of Munroe Regional Medical Center in Marion County, Florida Thomas J. Stevens Food and Resource Economics Department P.O. Box 110240, Gainesville, Florida 32611-0240 economicimpact.ifas.ufl.edu May 27, 2010 #12;i Economic Impacts of Munroe Regional Medical Center in Marion County, Florida

Florida, University of

34

New DOE Modeling Tool Estimates Economic Benefits of Offshore Wind Plants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

To help developers more readily estimate the economic benefits of offshore wind plants, DOE recently released a new version of the Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) input-output modeling tool. The original tool was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory to estimate the economic impacts of constructing renewable power plants. The updated version allows users to better understand the potential regional economic impacts of offshore wind development.

35

Impacts of Telecommunications Infrastructure and Its Spillover Effects on Regional Economic Growth in China .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation empirically tests the impacts of telecommunications infrastructure as well as its spillover effects on regional economic growth in China. Based on data for… (more)

Liu, Yanchun

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Jobs and Economic Development Modeling | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Project objective: Develop models to estimate jobs and economic impacts from geothermal project development and operation. analysisyoungeconomicdevelopmentmodeling.pdf...

37

Economic Congestion Relief Across Multiple Regions Requires Tradable Physical Flow-gate Rights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PWP-076 Economic Congestion Relief Across Multiple Regions Requires Tradable Physical Flow.ucei.berkeley.edu/ucei #12;Economic Congestion Relief Across Multiple Regions Requires Tradable Physical Flow-gate Rights- mission use. The North American Electric Reliability Council NERC is in the process of implementing

California at Berkeley. University of

38

Regional economic impacts of changes in electricity rates resulting from Western Area Power Administration`s power marketing alternatives  

SciTech Connect

This technical memorandum describes an analysis of regional economic impacts resulting from changes in retail electricity rates due to six power marketing programs proposed by Western Area Power Administration (Western). Regional economic impacts of changes in rates are estimated in terms of five key regional economic variables: population, gross regional product, disposable income, employment, and household income. The REMI (Regional Impact Models, Inc.) and IMPLAN (Impact Analysis for Planning) models simulate economic impacts in nine subregions in the area in which Western power is sold for the years 1993, 2000, and 2008. Estimates show that impacts on aggregate economic activity in any of the subregions or years would be minimal for three reasons. First, the utilities that buy power from Western sell only a relatively small proportion of the total electricity sold in any of the subregions. Second, reliance of Western customers on Western power is fairly low in each subregion. Finally, electricity is not a significant input cost for any industry or for households in any subregion.

Allison, T.; Griffes, P.; Edwards, B.K.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

An economic theory perspective on optimal design of government of regional infrastructure in Australia: the case of national transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 An economic theory perspective on optimal design of government of regional infrastructure Professor of Economics University of Canberra Faculty of Business, Government and Law Cameron in the coming decades to deal with growing population, shifting economic and demographic patterns

40

Winter Semester 2013/14 Development Economics III: Regional Perspectives on Economic Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Amartya Sen: Hunger and Public Action, Ch. 10, P. 179-203 5. Dreze, Jean and Amartya Sen: Hunger Report. Dreze, J. and A. Sen. 1995. India Economic Development and Social Opportunity. New York: Oxford

Krivobokova, Tatyana

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

REGIONAL ECONOMICS APPLICATIONS LABORATORY CHICAGO BUSINESS ACTIVITY INDEX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistics reported total nonfarm payroll employment increased marginally by 54,000 in May. Job gains activity and the decrease of non-manufacturing employment. In May, the national and regional economy) increased 0.48 percent in May. In the Chicago region in May, manufacturing employment increased 0.34 percent

Shim, Moonsub

42

Conditional Markov regime switching model applied to economic modelling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Brent oil price) to show that this modelling well identifies both mean reverting and volatility regimes times series data as business cycle, economic growth or unemployment is not new. In his seminal paper [7 to reproduce the different phase of the business cycles and captures the cyclical behavior of the U.S. GDP

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

43

Biofuels Techno-Economic Models | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Techno-Economic Models Biofuels Techno-Economic Models Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Biofuels Techno-Economic Models Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Fuels & Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Transportation Phase: Evaluate Options Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Resource Type: Software/modeling tools Website: www1.eere.energy.gov/analysis/tools.html#2 OpenEI Keyword(s): EERE tool, Biofuels Techno-Economic Models Language: English References: Design and Economics for Biochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol[1] Model the production cost for ethanol to assess its competitiveness and market potential; quantify the economic impact of individual conversion performance targets and prioritize these in terms of their potential to

44

Supersymmetric economical 3-3-1 model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The supersymmetric extension of the economical 3-3-1 model is presented. The constraint equations and the gauge boson identification establish a relation between the vacuum expectation values (VEVs) at the top and bottom elements of the Higgs triplet $\\chi$ and its supersymmetric counterpart $\\chi^\\prime$. Because of this relation, the exact diagonalization of neutral gauge boson sector has been performed. The gauge bosons and their associated Goldstone ones mix in the same way as in non-supersymmetric version. This is also correct in the case of gauginos. The eigenvalues and eigenstates in the Higgs sector are derived. The model contains a heavy neutral Higgs boson with mass equal to those of the neutral non-Hermitian gauge boson $X^0$ and a charged scalar with mass equal to those of the $W$ boson in the standard model, i. e. $ m_{\\varrho_1} = m_W$. This result is in good agreement with the present estimation: $m_{H^\\pm} > 79.3$ GeV, CL= 95 %. We also show that the boson sector and the fermion sector gain masses in the same way as in the non-supersymmetric case.

P. V. Dong; D. T. Huong; M. C. Rodriguez; H. N. Long

2007-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

45

Regional Production Economics for Ethylene and Propylene Derivatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

~og~dms to develop domestic petrochemical capaci ty. [n those ~egions wi th abundant. low cost feedstocks. the competltive advantage ~eems obvious. However. other regions such a~ South korea "nd Taiwan. have equally aggressive p~ograms. This pape~ quantifies... from the 12th National Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, June 19-20, 1990 TABLE 1 40B9 REGIONAL FEEDSTOCK PRICES (US DOLLARS PER "EYRIC TON) BRAZIL NESTERN CANADA CHINA INDONESIA JAPAN SAUDI ARABIA SOUTH KOREA TAl NAN US...

McCormack, G.; Pavone, T.

46

Petroleum Refinery Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) Model User Reference Guide  

SciTech Connect

The Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) models, developed through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), are user-friendly tools utilized to estimate the economic impacts at the local level of constructing and operating fuel and power generation projects for a range of conventional and renewable energy technologies. The JEDI Petroleum Refinery Model User Reference Guide was developed to assist users in employing and understanding the model. This guide provides information on the model's underlying methodology, as well as the parameters and references used to develop the cost data utilized in the model. This guide also provides basic instruction on model add-in features, operation of the model, and a discussion of how the results should be interpreted. Based on project-specific inputs from the user, the model estimates job creation, earning and output (total economic activity) for a given petroleum refinery. This includes the direct, indirect and induced economic impacts to the local economy associated with the refinery's construction and operation phases. Project cost and job data used in the model are derived from the most current cost estimations available. Local direct and indirect economic impacts are estimated using economic multipliers derived from IMPLAN software. By determining the regional economic impacts and job creation for a proposed refinery, the JEDI Petroleum Refinery model can be used to field questions about the added value refineries may bring to the local community.

Goldberg, M.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

47

NREL: Water Power Research - Economic and Power System Modeling and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Economic and Power System Modeling and Analysis Economic and Power System Modeling and Analysis NREL has a long history of successful research to understand and improve the cost of renewable energy technologies, their possible deployment scenarios, and the economic impacts of this deployment. As a research laboratory, NREL is a neutral third party and can provide an unbiased perspective of methodologies and approaches used to estimate direct and indirect economic impacts of offshore renewable energy projects. Deployment and Economic Impact NREL's economic analysis team is working to provide stakeholders with the tools necessary to understand potential deployment scenarios of water power technologies and the economic impacts of this deployment. The team is working to improve the representation of marine and

48

NREL: Water Power Research - Economic and Power System Modeling and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Economic and Power System Modeling and Analysis Economic and Power System Modeling and Analysis NREL's Economic Analysis and power system modeling integrates data from device deployment and programmatic research into deployment and scenario models to quantify the economic and societal benefits of developing cost-competitive marine and hydrokinetic systems. It also identifies policy mechanisms, market designs, and supply chain needs to support various deployment scenarios, provide information and training to potential members of the marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) industry and effectively collaborate with all associated stakeholders. JEDI Modeling NREL worked with industry members to develop and provide public access to an easy-to-use input-output model that estimates the jobs and economic development impacts (JEDI) of MHK projects in the United States. The JEDI

49

Economic Modeling of Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Modeling of Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technologies Jim McFarland (jrm1@mit.edu; +1 explores the economics of carbon capture and sequestration technologies as applied to electric generating of the world economy, is used to model two of the most promising carbon capture and sequestration (CCS

50

Statewide and Electricity-Sector Models for Economic Assessments of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

economic models applied to such diverse fields as climate change policy, alternative- fueled vehicles, fuel Economic Research Organization and Affiliate Faculty with the Public Policy Center UHM. Paul Bernstein, Ph....................................................................................................................... 6 2. The Hawaii Computable General Equilibrium Model (H-CGE)............................ 8 2.a. Data

51

Modeling the Impact of Warming in Climate Change Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Any economic analysis of climate change policy requires some model that describes the impact of warming on future GDP and consumption. Most integrated assessment models (IAMs) relate temperature to the level of real GDP ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

52

Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design, modeling and process economic analysis are employedper day. Like BTL process, economic analysis has shown thatused as major input for process economic analysis in the

Lu, Xiaoming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

" of Supplier, Census Region, Census Division, and Economic Characteristics"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Quantity of Purchased Electricity and Steam by Type" Quantity of Purchased Electricity and Steam by Type" " of Supplier, Census Region, Census Division, and Economic Characteristics" " of the Establishment, 1994" " (Estimates in Btu or Physical Units)" ," Electricity",," Steam" ," (million kWh)",," (billion Btu)" ,,,,,"RSE" " ","Utility","Nonutility","Utility","Nonutility","Row" "Economic Characteristics(a)","Supplier(b)","Supplier(c)","Supplier(b)","Supplier(c)","Factors"

54

Job and Economic Development Impact Models (JEDI) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Job and Economic Development Impact Models (JEDI) Job and Economic Development Impact Models (JEDI) Jump to: navigation, search Site head analysis jedi.jpg Overview Originally developed in 2002 for the U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America project, the Job and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) model was designed to be an easy-to-use, excel based calculator which uses IMPLAN's economic multipliers to estimate the economic impacts of constructing and operating power generation and biofuel plants at the local and state levels. It comes as a separate model for wind, PV, natural gas, CSP, coal, and biofuels. Job's, earnings, and impact are outputs. Inputs are construction costs, equipment costs, O&M costs, financing parameters and any other costs associated with the project. With its success in

55

TransNIEMO: ECONOMIC IMPACT ANALYSIS USING A MODEL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TransNIEMO: ECONOMIC IMPACT ANALYSIS USING A MODEL OF CONSISTENT INTERREGIONAL ECONOMIC AND HIGHWAY of Industrial and Systems Engineering; and the School of Policy Planning and Development Qisheng Pan, Associate of Industrial and Systems Engineering JoongKoo Cho Epstein Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering

Wang, Hai

56

An energy-economic oil production model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......underlying economic factors such as labour or capital investment into oil infrastructure...L, Res), (1.4) where K denotes capital; L, labour and Res, natural resources...including other energy sources such as natural gas, coal, hydro and nuclear power, and......

Peter Berg; Paul Hanz; Ian Milton

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

OSIRIS and the Collaborative Modeling Initiative on REDD Economics | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OSIRIS and the Collaborative Modeling Initiative on REDD Economics OSIRIS and the Collaborative Modeling Initiative on REDD Economics Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: OSIRIS and the Collaborative Modeling Initiative on REDD Economics Agency/Company /Organization: Conservation International Sector: Climate, Land Focus Area: Forestry Topics: GHG inventory, Resource assessment Resource Type: Dataset, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.conservation.org/osiris/Pages/overview.aspx RelatedTo: Open Source Impacts of REDD Incentives Spreadsheet (OSIRIS) Cost: Free Language: English OSIRIS and the Collaborative Modeling Initiative on REDD Economics Screenshot References: OSIRIS[1] The Open Source Impacts of REDD+ Incentives Spreadsheet (OSIRIS) is a suite of free, transparent, open-source, spreadsheet-based decision support tools

58

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Hydrogen Fueling Station Economics Model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fueling Station Economics Model Fueling Station Economics Model Project Summary Full Title: Hydrogen Fueling Station Economics Model Project ID: 193 Principal Investigator: Bill Liss Brief Description: The Gas Technology Institute developed a hydrogen fueling station economics model as part of their project to develop a natural gas to hydrogen fuel station. Keywords: Compressed gas; vehicle; refueling station; cost; natural gas Purpose Calculate hydrogen fueling station costs, including capital, operating, and maintenance costs. Performer Principal Investigator: Bill Liss Organization: Gas Technology Institute Address: 1700 South Mount Prospect Road Des Plains, IL 60018-1804 Telephone: 847-768-0530 Email: william.liss@gastechnology.org Project Description Type of Project: Model Category: Hydrogen Fuel Pathways

59

NREL: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) Models - About JEDI  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CSP Model CSP Model The Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) model allows users to estimate economic development impacts from CSP projects. JEDI CSP has default information that can be utilized to run a generic impacts analysis assuming industry averages. Model users are encouraged to enter as much project-specific data as possible. Download the JEDI CSP Model Printable Version JEDI Home About JEDI Biofuels Models Coal Model CSP Model Geothermal Model Marine & Hydrokinetic Power Model Natural Gas Model Photovoltaics Model Transmission Line Model Wind Model Download JEDI Methodology Interpreting Results Advanced Users Limitations of JEDI Models Publications Forum Webinars Contact Did you find what you needed? Yes 1 No 0 Thank you for your feedback.

60

NREL: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) Models - About JEDI  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transmission Line Model Transmission Line Model The Transmission Line Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) model allows the user to estimate economic development impacts associated with transmission line projects. Applying a similar user interface as other JEDI models, Transmission Line JEDI requires a few additional user inputs such as: Transmission Line Type Line Length Terrain Type Right-of-Way Characteristics. Results are presented in the same manner as those in other JEDI models. This allows the transmission line JEDI model to be used by itself or in conjunction with electricity generation JEDI models. As with all JEDI models, reasonable default values are provided. Individual projects may vary and when possible project specific data should be used to obtain the best estimate of economic development impacts.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

NREL: Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) Models - Help  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Help The Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) model uses a Microsoft Excel (MS Excel) spreadsheet. MS Excel Tips Macros must to be enabled in MS Excel for JEDI to operate...

62

Impacts of Regional Electricity Prices and Building Type on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems  

SciTech Connect

To identify the impacts of regional electricity prices and building type on the economics of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems, 207 rate structures across 77 locations and 16 commercial building types were evaluated. Results for expected solar value are reported for each location and building type. Aggregated results are also reported, showing general trends across various impact categories.

Ong, S.; Campbell, C.; Clark, N.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

DOE Announces Webinars on an Offshore Wind Economic Impacts Model,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

an Offshore Wind Economic Impacts Model, an Offshore Wind Economic Impacts Model, Resources for Tribal Energy Efficiency Projects, and More DOE Announces Webinars on an Offshore Wind Economic Impacts Model, Resources for Tribal Energy Efficiency Projects, and More November 20, 2013 - 11:54am Addthis EERE offers webinars to the public on a range of subjects, from adopting the latest energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies to training for the clean energy workforce. Webinars are free; however, advanced registration is typically required. You can also watch archived webinars and browse previously aired videos, slides, and transcripts. Upcoming Webinars November 20: Live Webinar on Jobs and Economic Development Impacts of Offshore Wind Webinar Sponsor: EERE's Wind and Water Power Technologies Office

64

Partnership for Economic Policy Modeling and Policy Impact Analysis (MPIA)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Partnership for Economic Policy Modeling and Policy Impact Analysis (MPIA) Partnership for Economic Policy Modeling and Policy Impact Analysis (MPIA) Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Modeling and Policy Impact Analysis (MPIA) Model Agency/Company /Organization: Partnership for Economic Policy Sector: Climate, Energy Complexity/Ease of Use: Advanced Website: www.pep-net.org/programs/mpia/ Cost: Free Related Tools Asia-Pacific Integrated Model (AIM) SEAGA Intermediate Level Handbook Poverty Social Impact Analysis ... further results A computable general equilibrium model that accounts for the interactions among sectors and institutions, and their links with the global economy. A

65

An Economic, Hydrologic, and Environmental Assessment of Water Management Alternative Plans for the South Central Texas Region*1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Economic, Hydrologic, and Environmental Assessment of Water Management Alternative Plans. The economic, hydrologic, and environmental consequences of the "best" choice of regional water management plan, and water management plans. #12;3 An Economic, Hydrologic, and Environmental Assessment of Water Management

McCarl, Bruce A.

66

Environmental and economic assessment of discharges from Gulf of Mexico region oil and gas operations  

SciTech Connect

Task 3 (Environmental Field Sampling and Analysis of NORM, Heavy Metals, and Organics) activities included the continuation of the platform selection process. A revised sampling plan and a projected cost estimate were prepared for Task 3. A letter detailing the revised plan was sent to the Scientific Review Committee (SRC). Task 4 (Monitoring of the Recovery of Impacted Wetland and Open Bay Produced Water Discharge Sites in Coastal Louisiana and Texas) activities involved receiving the final approval for sampling two facilities and requesting approval for a third alternative facility. A revised Task 4 sampling plan and projected estimated costs were prepared. The sampling plan was presented to the SRC for comment. Mobilization activities for the first quarterly sampling were initiated. Task 5 (Assessment of Economic Impactsof Offshore and Coastal Discharge Requirements on Present and Future Operations in the Gulf of Mexico Region) activities included refining the model for estimating the impact of increased environmental compliance costs on remaining reserves in coastal and offshore fields. Task 6 (Synthesis of Gulf of Mexico Seafood Consumption and Use Patterns) activities involved completion and field testing of most survey forms. Retail surveys were initiated and contacts were made with the Vietnamese community. Task 7 (Technology Transfer Plan) work has included scheduling the presentation of information concerning this project at the DOE Contractor Review Meeting in July in Oklahoma. Task 8 (Project Management and Deliverables) activities have involved the submission of the necessary reports and routine management.

Gettleson, D.A.

1993-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

67

Evolutionary Processes in Economics: Multi-agent Model of Macrogenerations Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evolutionary Processes in Economics: Multi-agent Model of Macrogenerations Dynamics Kateryna macroeconomic growth as an evolutionary process. Keywords. Economic growth, evolutionary theory, multi]. Our study models the economic growth as an evolutionary process, where the term `macrogeneration

López-Sánchez, Maite

68

WINDExchange: Jobs and Economic Development Impact Models  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

from new electricity generation projects. JEDI was first developed to model wind energy impacts. It has been expanded to analyze concentrating solar power, biofuels, coal,...

69

Regions in Energy Market Models  

SciTech Connect

This report explores the different options for spatial resolution of an energy market model--and the advantages and disadvantages of models with fine spatial resolution. It examines different options for capturing spatial variations, considers the tradeoffs between them, and presents a few examples from one particular model that has been run at different levels of spatial resolution.

Short, W.

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Socioeconomic effects of DRAFT power marketing options of the Central Valley and Washoe Projects: 2005 regional economic impact analysis using IMPLAN  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the methods and conclusions of an economic analysis of the distributional effects of alternative actions that Sierra Nevada could take with its new marketing plan. These alternatives are summarized in the agency`s Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), and this study directly supports the findings in the EIS. The study evaluates the potential economic impacts projected to occur across the northern and central California area currently serviced by Sierra Nevada`s customers. A standard input-output estimation approach was used to calculate impacts on regional output, labor income, and employment. The IMPLAN regional economic modeling system was used to develop regional models for the analysis. Individual regional models were developed for the overall area, the San Francisco Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area, the Sacramento Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area, the Redding Metropolitan Statistical Area, and the Bakersfield Metropolitan Statistical Area. The analysis relies on information about the effect of Sierra Nevada`s alternative actions on overall system power costs for the year 2005 developed by RW Beck and Associates (Beck-1996). This information is used as input to the 2005 benchmarked IMPLAN regional economic models. The resulting economic impact estimates are inextricably linked to this input information about changes in system power costs, and the estimates reported here are of similar relative magnitude to those estimates. The potential economic effects of Sierra Nevada`s actions are extremely small in relation to the size of the economies potentially affected, and, although they are calculable, they are not significant and often difficult to separate from random error present in the models.

Anderson, D.M.; Godoy-Kain, P.; Gu, A.Y.; Ulibarri, C.A.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

NREL: Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) Models - Interpreting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interpreting Results Interpreting Results Sample Results from JEDI. Download a text-version (MS Excel 44 KB) The Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) models estimate the number of jobs and economic impacts associated with power generation, fuel production, and other projects. Economic activity in input-output models is typically assessed in three categories. NREL's JEDI models classify the first category of results-on-site labor and professional services results-as dollars spent on labor from companies engaged in development and on-site construction and operation of power generation and transmission. These results include labor only-no materials. Companies or businesses that fall into this category of results include project developers, environmental and permitting consultants, road builders, concrete-pouring

72

Regional Climate Modeling: Progress, Challenges, and Prospects  

SciTech Connect

Regional climate modeling with regional climate models (RCMs) has matured over the past decade and allows for meaningful utilization in a broad spectrum of applications. In this paper, latest progresses in regional climate modeling studies are reviewed, including RCM development, applications of RCMs to dynamical downscaling for climate change assessment, seasonal climate predictions and climate process studies, and the study of regional climate predictability. Challenges and potential directions of future research in this important area are discussed, with the focus on those to which less attention has been given previously, such as the importance of ensemble simulations, further development and improvement of regional climate modeling approach, modeling extreme climate events and sub-daily variation of clouds and precipitation, model evaluation and diagnostics, applications of RCMs to climate process studies and seasonal predictions, and development of regional earth system models. It is believed that with both the demonstrated credibility of RCMs’ capability in reproducing not only monthly to seasonal mean climate and interannual variability but also the extreme climate events when driven by good quality reanalysis and the continuous improvements in the skill of global general circulation models (GCMs) in simulating large-scale atmospheric circulation, regional climate modeling will remain an important dynamical downscaling tool for providing the needed information for assessing climate change impacts and seasonal climate predictions, and a powerful tool for improving our understanding of regional climate processes. An internationally coordinated effort can be developed with different focuses by different groups to advance regional climate modeling studies. It is also recognized that since the final quality of the results from nested RCMs depends in part on the realism of the large-scale forcing provided by GCMs, the reduction of errors and improvement in physics parameterizations in both GCMs and RCMs remain a priority for climate modeling community.

Wang, Yuqing; Leung, Lai R.; McGregor, John L.; Lee, Dong-Kyou; Wang, Wei-Chyung; Ding, Yihui; Kimura, Fujio

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

NREL: Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) Models - Limitations of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Limitations of JEDI Models Limitations of JEDI Models Results are an estimate, not a precise forecast. The Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) models are input-output based models, also appropriately called calculators or screening tools. As such, they share important limitations with all models based on input-output calculation methodologies. For the interested user, the Environmental Protection Agency recently published EPA Assessing the Multiple Benefits of Clean Energy: A Resource for States1, which discusses and compares different types of models and screening tools for assessing economic impacts and jobs, including JEDI (see Chapter 5, pp. 136-142). The most important limitation to note is that JEDI results are estimates, not precise forecasts, for the following reasons.

74

Regional Dynamics Model (REDYN) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regional Dynamics Model (REDYN) Regional Dynamics Model (REDYN) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: REDYN Agency/Company /Organization: Regional Dynamics Inc. Sector: Energy Phase: Determine Baseline, "Evaluate Options and Determine Feasibility" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property., Develop Goals Topics: Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Macroeconomic Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.regionaldynamics.com/

75

Economics of seawater RO desalination in the Red Sea region, Egypt. Part 1. A case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tackling water shortage issues with desalting of seawater and salty water is common in the desert nations of the Middle East and the Mediterranean. The fast growing development in Egypt has required big movements of investments and people from the Nile Valley towards the east, with the fantastic Red Sea and Sinai coastal zones, and also towards the Western Desert that has promising brackish groundwater potentialities. In both cases, fresh water supply is essential and desalination is a feasible option that can cover the wide gap between the available capacities and the accelerating demands. The cost of desalination, either thermal or membrane, is inversely proportional to the production capacity. This greatly affects the economics of desalination at the modern tourism development area on the Red Sea. The sporadic nature of the tourist hotels and resorts along more than 1500 km of coastal strip, at Sinai and the Red Sea region, favores the small capacity reverse osmosis plants with the range between 200 and 3000 m3/d. The higher RO plant capacities (>300 m3/d) and fewer and limited to the main towns. The present work outlined the economic variables and limitations that influence the pure water cost by using the small capacity SWRO desalination plants. The techno-economic study was made to estimate the actual cost of production on real field measurements. The fixed and operating costs of five selected SWRO plants of 250, 500, 2000, 3500 and 4800 m3/d were evaluated and discussed. It was found that the production cost resulted from small SWRO desalination plants is much higher than the world cost. The study indicated that the economic larger SWRO desalination capacity (>20,000 m3/d) should be considered during the development strategy and planning of the new tourist projects. The related recommendations to the technical, operational and environmental considerations are given in detail.

Azza Hafez; Samir El-Manharawy

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Environmental and economic analysis of building integrated photovoltaic systems in Italian regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Solar energy is a form of renewable energy that can be used to combat climate change through an environmentally accepted energy supply policy with support from both private and public consumers. There are numerous factors contributing to the definition of the economic and environmental performance of solar energy investments, such as average annual irradiation, consumers' consumption, Feed in Tariff incentive system, energy portfolio, emissions produced by the photovoltaic system, rated power of the individual modules, disposable income of the investor, availability of surface for the installation of the photovoltaic panels and mission, that characterise the project (environmental maximisation, economic maximisation or self-sufficiency of the system during the first year). Given the particular geographical position of Italy, the economic profitability and environmental impact of such system were estimated, first on the provincial scale and then on the regional scale, to delineate the general characteristics that are not caused by a single scenario. The indicators used include the following: net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR), discounted payback period (DPbP), discounted aggregate cost-benefit ratio (BCr) and reduction of emissions of carbon dioxide (ERcd). The ultimate objective of the paper is to define the number of photovoltaic (PV) systems necessary to reach the target of renewable energy production in the above settings. A general scenario appropriate to achieve this goal, as well as implementing the total wealth generated by this framework and the reduction of CO2 emissions resulting from the implementation of that plan, will be examined. The indicators used are total net present value per capita and reduction of carbon dioxide emissions per capita.

Federica Cucchiella; Idiano D'Adamo; S.C. Lenny Koh

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

The role of government in privatisation: an economic model from Denmark  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As industrialised countries go through an economic conversion from public sector industries or government managed companies to privately owned companies, leaders and decision makers are seeking new models. There are very few, if any, economic models that provide a ''bridge'' or transition from the public or government to the private sector, let alone that have been successful. The issue is, nevertheless, very important today as a number of industrialised and developing countries are moving from governmentally controlled industries to the private sector. This paper focuses upon economic models. One good example is taken from Denmark. Other examples are drawn from the USA and especially the deregulation of the energy industry in California, which makes a good region to study. As a ''bell-weather'' state for other states in the USA and indeed, internationally, many governments are watching the ''great California experiment'' in deregulation of energy/power utilities. The economic model from Denmark, which is described below, has also begun to have an impact on California legislative programs being proposed but not yet implemented, for economic development. Further research and analysis will document and analyse such efforts in the future. The issue is clear: global competitiveness does not allow the USA or other countries to wait for the ideal ''open or free'' markets conditions to restructure its economy. In fact, an argument could be made that such ''free markets'' never existed in the first place and certainly will not in the future. Instead, new economic models for the privatisation of historical governmental industries must be sought that are public and private collaboration working together, rather than a choice between one or the other form of business and economic development. Other countries have had a tradition of such partnerships. Among them is Denmark, which is leading the way in many areas of economic development. This paper focuses upon one successful set of programs in Denmark: IO and IFU Funds. A description and some evaluative data provide a perspective and potential application to other industrialised as well as developing countries for the privatisation of government industries.

Woodrow W. Clark Jr.; J. Dan Jensen

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Environmental and economic assessment of discharges from Gulf of Mexico Region Oil and Gas Operations  

SciTech Connect

Task 3 (Environmental Field Sampling and Analysis of NORM, Heavy Metals, and Organics) and 4 (Monitoring of the Recovery of Impacted Wetland and Open Bay Produced Water Discharge Sites in Coastal Louisiana and Texas) activities involved continued data analysis and report writing. Task 5 (Assessment of Economic Impacts of Offshore and Coastal Discharge Requirements on Present and Future Operations in the Gulf of Mexico Region) was issued as a final report during the previous reporting period. Task 6 (Synthesis of Gulf of Mexico Seafood Consumption and Use Patterns) activities included the preparation of the final report. There were no Task 7 (Technology Transfer Plan) activities to report. Task 8 (Project Management and Deliverables) activities involved the submission of the necessary reports and routine management.

Gettleson, D.A.

1997-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

79

Techno-economic modelling of integrated advanced power cycles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Concerns regarding the environmental impacts of power generation have stimulated interest in energy efficient cycles such as the integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) and the integrated gasification humid air turbine (IGHAT) cycle. These advanced power cycles are complex owing to the large number of units involved, interactions among the units, and the presence of streams of diverse compositions and properties. In this paper, techno-economic computer models of IGCC and IGHAT cycles are presented along with some sample results that illustrate the models' capabilities. The models, which were validated using actual data, provide performance predictions, inventories of capital and operating costs, as well as levels of gaseous emissions and solid wastes. While the models are simple enough for use in parametric, sensitivity and optimisation studies, they are responsive to variations in coal characteristics, design and operating conditions, part load operations and financial parameters.

A.O. Ong'iro; V.I. Ugursal; A.M. Al Taweel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Estimating Economic and Environmental Impacts At the National, Regional, and Watershed Levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: The Linked ASM/HUMUS Modeling Systema By Jay D. Atwoodb Verel Benson Chi-Chung Chen Bruce McCarl R Consequences into National Agricultural Policy Analysis: A Regional Perspective" held at the Annual Meeting for the paper and EPIC, respectively); Chi-Chung Chen, chen@scout.tamu.edu, is a Research Associate and Bruce Mc

McCarl, Bruce A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Winter Semester 2008/09 Development Econoomics III: Regional Perspectives on Economic Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Amartya Sen: Hunger and Public Action, Ch. 10, P. 179-203 5. Dreze, Jean and Amartya Sen: Hunger, Economic and Social Progress in LA, 1999 Report. Dreze, J. and A. Sen. 1995. India Economic Development

Krivobokova, Tatyana

82

Using Economics as Basis for Modelling and Evaluating Software Quality Stefan Wagner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@in.tum.de Abstract The economics and cost of software quality have been discussed in software engineering for decades engineering where quality goals should have an economic reason. Also the use and content of quality modelsUsing Economics as Basis for Modelling and Evaluating Software Quality Stefan Wagner Institut f

83

Economic assessment of regional bioenergy systems in Australia: a flow analysis application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a modelling tool that integrates Material Flow Analysis, energy production and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions accounting for biomass flows at a regional scale. This tool allows comprehensive analysis of alternative systems for management of biomass waste and bioenergy production in regional areas. Different possible options for processing a range of biomass waste streams can be evaluated against multiple criteria including various environmental impacts and cost-effectiveness. The objective is to support the design of integrated biomass waste and bioenergy systems that maximise synergies and optimise tradeoffs between bioenergy production, GHG emissions, recycling of valuable soil nutrients and control of harmful contaminants. This analytical tool is applied to a major agricultural region in Australia, the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area. A scenario demonstrates how the construction of different types of bioenergy plant can offer valuable benefits with regard to renewable energy production, GHG emission reductions, increasing phosphorus cycling back to soils and reduced cadmium contamination.

Napat Jakrawatana; Stephen Moore; Iain MacGill

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Regional, Economic, and Environmental Implications of Dual Ethanol Technologies in Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate change, food security, and energy efficiency have become universal challenges for global economic development and environmental conservation that demand in-depth multidisciplinary research. Biofuels have emerged ...

Guerrero Compean, Roberto

85

Regional, economic, and environmental effects of traditional and biotechnologically enhanced ethanol production processes in Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate change, food security, and energy efficiency have become universal challenges for global economic development and environmental conservation that demand in-depth multidisciplinary research. Biofuels have emerged ...

Guerrero Compeán, Roberto

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Economic Nonlinear Model Predictive Control for the Optimization of Gas Pipeline Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Nonlinear Model Predictive Control for the Optimization of Gas Pipeline Networks EWO University Oct 12, 2011 Ajit Gopalakrishnan (CMU) Economic NMPC for gas pipeline optimization Oct 12, 2011 1 Gopalakrishnan (CMU) Economic NMPC for gas pipeline optimization Oct 12, 2011 4 / 24 #12;Natural Gas Industry

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

87

The Social Dynamics of Economic Performance: Innovation and Creativity in City-Regions Newfoundland and Labrador Project Preliminary Findings St. John's, Clarenville, Corner Brook & Labrador West  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Social Dynamics of Economic Performance: Innovation and Creativity in City-Regions Newfoundland.......................................................4! INNOVATION AND CREATIVITY IN CITY-REGIONS ............................................................................6! INNOVATION AND CREATIVITY IN SMALL CITIES ON THE PERIPHERY

deYoung, Brad

88

Webinar: DOE Launches JOBS and Economic Impacts of Fuel Cells (JOBS FC) Analysis Model  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Video recording and text version of the webinar titled, DOE Launches JOBS and Economic Impacts of Fuel Cells (JOBS FC) Analysis Model, originally presented on May 22, 2012.

89

DOE Updates JOBS and Economic Impacts of Fuel Cells (JOBS FC1.1) Model  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation slides from the Fuel Cell Technologies Program webinar, DOE Updates JOBS and Economic Impacts of Fuel Cells (JOBS FC1.1) Model, held December 11, 2012.

90

Sensitivity Analysis of Optimal Operation of an Activated Sludge Process Model for Economic Controlled Variable Selection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sensitivity Analysis of Optimal Operation of an Activated Sludge Process Model for Economic operation conducted on an activated sludge process model based on the test-bed benchmark simulation model no structure that leads to optimal economic operation, while promptly rejecting disturbances at lower layers

Skogestad, Sigurd

91

Adjoint modeling for atmospheric pollution process sensitivity at regional scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adjoint modeling for atmospheric pollution process sensitivity at regional scale Laurent Menut; 0345 Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Pollution--urban and regional (0305); 3210 Mathematical: atmospheric pollution, tropospheric ozone, urban pollution peaks, adjoint modeling, sensitivity Citation

Menut, Laurent

92

The MAGS Regional Climate Modeling System: CRCM-MAGS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Mackenzie GEWEX Study (MAGS) regional climate modeling system (denoted CRCM-MAGS) is a developmental version of the Canadian Regional Climate Model (CRCM) tailored for use over North America. It is compose...

Murray MacKay; Paul Bartlett; Ed Chan…

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Regional catalytic economic impacts and noise-damage costs of aviation growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is growing recognition that transportation or infrastructure improvements can have longer-term catalytic impacts economic productivity, which are in addition to the direct, indirect, or induced household spending ...

Tam, Ryan Aung Min, 1973-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Nicaragua-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nicaragua-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Nicaragua-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Nicaragua-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Nicaragua Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for Central America through the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency maps, followed by technical, economic, and social feasibility studies for

95

Honduras-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Honduras-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Honduras-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Honduras-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Honduras Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for Central America through the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency maps, followed by technical, economic, and social feasibility studies for

96

Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Belize Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for Central America through the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency maps, followed by technical, economic, and social feasibility studies for

97

Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa-Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Costa Rica Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for Central America through the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency maps, followed by technical, economic, and social feasibility studies for

98

Guatemala-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guatemala-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Guatemala-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Guatemala-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Guatemala Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for Central America through the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency maps, followed by technical, economic, and social feasibility studies for

99

Job and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) Model: A User-Friendly Tool to Calculate Economic Impacts from Wind Projects; Preprint  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Job and Economic Job and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) Model: A User-Friendly Tool to Calculate Economic Impacts from Wind Projects Preprint March 2004 * NREL/CP-500-35953 M. Goldberg MRG & Associates K. Sinclair and M. Milligan (Consultant) National Renewable Energy Laboratory To be presented at the 2004 Global WINDPOWER Conference Chicago, Illinois March 29-31, 2004 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Midwest Research Institute (MRI), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-99GO10337. Accordingly, the US

100

Linking Dynamic Economic and Ecological General Equilibrium Models*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and participants at an AERE workshop, San Diego, at the North Carolina State Camp Resources IX, and at Univ to as the most important development in economics in the twentieth century (Sandler, 2001). We assert #12

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

NREL: Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) Models - Publication...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

"Defining a Standard Measure for Whole System EROI Combining Economic "Top-Down" and LCA "Bottom-Up" Accounting." In Proceedings of the ASME 2010 4th International Conference...

102

Solar PV Jobs and Economic Development Impact Model Webinar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Join the DOE SunShot Initiative, in conjunction with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, for a webinar on August 21, 2013, at 2-3 p.m. EST highlighting the Scenario Solar PV Jobs and Economic...

103

NREL: Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) Models - About...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

number of jobs and economic impacts to a local area that can reasonably be supported by a power plant, fuel production facility, or other project. For example, JEDI estimates the...

104

Modeling the Impact of Product Portfolio on the Economic and Environmental Performance of Recycling Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hrough the development of a general model of electronics recycling systems, the effect of product portfolio choices on economic and environmental system performance is explored. The general model encompasses the three main ...

Dahmus, Jeffrey B.

105

Diamond Lattice Model of Semicrystalline Polyethylene in the Amorphous Region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Diamond Lattice Model of Semicrystalline Polyethylene in the Amorphous Region Zhong­Hui Duan Abstract The statistics of polyethylene chains in the amorphous region between two crystallites have been as models of the chain molecules in the amorphous region of semicrystalline polyethylene, both

Aluffi, Paolo

106

JEDI: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts Model, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) (Fact Sheet)  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

JEDI: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts Model JEDI: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts Model The Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) models are user-friendly tools that estimate the economic impacts of constructing and operating power generation and biofuel plants at the local (usually state) level. First developed by NREL's Wind Powering America program to model wind energy jobs and impacts, JEDI has been expanded to biofuels, concentrating solar power, coal, and natural gas power plants. Based on project-specific and default inputs (derived from industry norms), JEDI estimates the number of jobs and economic impacts to a local area (usually a state) that could reasonably be supported by a power generation project. For example, JEDI estimates the number of in-state construction

107

An anticipatory integrated assessment of regional acidification: The RAINS-Asia model  

SciTech Connect

Across large parts of Asia, air pollution problems are becoming more and more evident. Rainfall in some areas, including China, Japan, and Thailand, has been measured to be 10 times more acidic than unpolluted rain. Increasing evidence of acidification damage to ecosystems such as surface waters, soils, and economically important crops, is beginning to appear. In addition, urban air quality in many areas of the region continues to decrease. Current economic forecasts predict continued rapid economic growth in the region, which will bring with it increasing emissions of air pollutants, especially sulfur. The total primary energy demand in Asia currently doubles every twelve years (as compared to a world average of every 28 years). Coal is expected to continue to be the dominant energy source, with coal demand projected to increase by 65 percent per year, a rate that outpaces regional economic growth. If current trends in economic development and energy use in Asia continue, emissions of sulfur dioxide, one of the key components in acid rain, will more than triple within the next 30 years. Many ecosystems will be unable to continue to absorb these increased levels of pollution without harmful effects, thus creating a potential danger for irreversible environmental damage in many areas. In view of the potential environmental consequences of projected growth in Asian energy consumption, emissions, and air pollution, the World Bank, together with the Asian Development Bank, have funded a project to develop and implement an integrated assessment model for the acid deposition phenomenon in Asia. The Regional Air Pollution INformation and Simulation model for Asia (RAINS-Asia) is a software tool to help decision makers assess and project future trends in emissions, transport, and deposition of air pollutants, and their potential environmental effects.

Amann, M. [International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg (Austria); Carmichael, G.R. [Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States); Foell, W. [Resource Management Associates, Madison, WI (United States)] [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

108

Approach and development strategy for an agent-based model of economic confidence.  

SciTech Connect

We are extending the existing features of Aspen, a powerful economic modeling tool, and introducing new features to simulate the role of confidence in economic activity. The new model is built from a collection of autonomous agents that represent households, firms, and other relevant entities like financial exchanges and governmental authorities. We simultaneously model several interrelated markets, including those for labor, products, stocks, and bonds. We also model economic tradeoffs, such as decisions of households and firms regarding spending, savings, and investment. In this paper, we review some of the basic principles and model components and describe our approach and development strategy for emulating consumer, investor, and business confidence. The model of confidence is explored within the context of economic disruptions, such as those resulting from disasters or terrorist events.

Sprigg, James A.; Pryor, Richard J.; Jorgensen, Craig Reed

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

NREL: Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) Model - Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) Model Energy Analysis ReEDS Regional Energy Deployment System Model Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) Model Energy Analysis ReEDS Regional Energy Deployment System Model Search More Search Options Site Map Printable Version Publications The following are publications - including technical reports, journal articles, conference papers, and posters - focusing on the Wind Deployment System (WinDS) and Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) models. Technical Reports Eurek, K.; Denholm, P.; Margolis, R.; Mowers, M. (2013). Sensitivity of Utility-Scale Solar Deployment Projections in the SunShot Vision Study to Market and Performance Assumptions. 55 pp.; NREL Report No. TP-6A20-55836. Martinez, A.; Eurek, K.; Mai, T.; Perry, A. (2013). Integrated Canada-U.S. Power Sector Modeling with the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS).

110

Non-Economic Obstacles to Wind Deployment: Issues and Regional Differences (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation provides an overview of national obstacles to wind deployment, with regional assessments. A special mention of offshore projects and distributed wind projects is provided. Detailed maps examine baseline capacity, military and flight radar, golden and bald eagle habitat, bat habitat, whooping crane habitat, and public lands. Regional deployment challenges are also discussed.

Baring-Gould, I.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Evaluation of Economic Impact of Three-Dimensional Modeling in Precast Concrete Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluation of Economic Impact of Three-Dimensional Modeling in Precast Concrete Engineering Rafael of the economic viability of computer- ization of the engineering and production processes in construc- tion. It also establishes a bench mark of engineering costs for North American precast companies. The bench mark

Sacks, Rafael

112

NETL: Predictive Modeling and Evaluation - CMU Regional Modeling Study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Source-Receptor Modeling Study Regional Source-Receptor Modeling Study The Pittsburgh Air Quality Study (PAQS) [PDF-744KB] is comprised of three inter-related components: 1) ambient PM measurements, 2) source characterization, and 3) deterministic and statistical air quality modeling. This effort will permit clarification of the contribution of coal-fired power plants to fine ambient PM2.5 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 µm). The resources from the Department of Energy (DOE) will be leveraged with resources from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other organizations. Clarkson University (Hopke group) will apply advanced receptor models to identify the nature, location and contribution of the sources of particulate matter observed by the measurements made as part of the PAQS. Several forms of factor analysis including Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) and UNMIX will be applied in order to identify the composition and contributions of the sources. Potential Source Contribution Function analysis as well as Residence Time Weighted Concentration analysis will be applied to the determination of the locations of the likely major contributing sources. The aforementioned factor analysis methods will also be applied to the spatially distributed data both on a single species and multiple species basis and to compare these results with those obtained utilizing the back-trajectory-based methods. The availability of highly time resolved data should permit greater source resolution and will be examined to determine how much increased source specificity can be obtained from the increased time resolution in the data. Assistance will be provided with the multivariate calibration that will permit the use of single-particle mass spectrometry data to estimate ambient concentrations of particulate species. These analyses should provide a better understanding of the source/receptor relationships that lead to the observed particle concentrations in the Pittsburgh area.

113

Controlling Households' Drilling Fever in France: an economic modeling approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to generate environmental benefits through reducing water use, has produced economic incentives for households; France; households; domestic boreholes; tube well; water pricing. Author-produced version Fourth World negative environmental impact of water price increase in the drinking water sector. Using primary data

Boyer, Edmond

114

How regional authorities can achieve economic development through investments in the logistics sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lessons for how a regional authority should develop its logistics sector are learned through case studies on four areas (section 2). In addition, a "logistics attractiveness" ranking framework is developed and applied ...

Khan, Taimur, 1973-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

The WAMME regional model intercomparison study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

has produced a multi-model climatology of land surface ?uxesThe Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) combined

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Modeling agricultural recycling systems for system size and economic potential.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Water is one of the most valued natural resources, and its availability for consumption varies considerably within any region. Recycling water and biomass through reuse… (more)

Hanson, Jeffrey Leland

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Webinar: DOE Updates JOBS and Economic Impacts of Fuel Cells (JOBS FC1.1) Model  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Video recording of the Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar, DOE Updates JOBS and Economic Impacts of Fuel Cells (JOBS FC1.1) Model, originally presented on December 11, 2012.

118

The Design of Three-Dimensional Model for the Economic Evaluation of the Coal Enterprise Informationization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

According to the coal enterprise characteristics and the current coal enterprise informationization construction circumstance, the author designed a three-dimensional model for the economic evaluation of the coal

Qing-wen Yuan; Shu-wei Yu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Environmental and Economic Assessment of Discharges from Gulf of Mexico Region Oil and Gas Operations  

SciTech Connect

The primary objectives of the project are to increase the base of scientific knowledge concerning (1) the fate and environmental effects of organics, trace metals, and NORM in water, sediment, and biota near several offshore oil and gas facilities; (2) the characteristics of produced water and produced sand discharges as they pertain to organics, trace metals, and NORM variably found in association with the discharges; (3) the recovery of three terminated produced water discharge sites located in wetland and high-energy open bay sites of coastal Louisiana; (4) the economic and energy supply impacts of existing and anticipated federal and state offshore and coastal discharge regulations; and (5) the catch, consumption and human use patterns of seafood species collected from coastal and offshore waters. The products of the effort will be a series of technical reports detailing the study procedures, results, and conclusions which contribute to the transfer of technology to the scientific community, petroleum industry, and state and federal agencies.

Gettleson, David A

1999-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

120

Economic analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) mandated that minimum energy efficiency standards be established for classes of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, room air conditioners, home heating equipment, kitchen ranges and ovens, central air conditioners, and furnaces. EPCA requires that standards be designed to achieve the maximum improvement in energy efficiency that is technologically feasible and economically justified. Following the introductory chapter, Chapter Two describes the methodology used in the economic analysis and its relationship to legislative criteria for consumer product efficiency assessment; details how the CPES Value Model systematically compared and evaluated the economic impacts of regulation on the consumer, manufacturer and Nation. Chapter Three briefly displays the results of the analysis and lists the proposed performance standards by product class. Chapter Four describes the reasons for developing a baseline forecast, characterizes the baseline scenario from which regulatory impacts were calculated and summarizes the primary models, data sources and assumptions used in the baseline formulations. Chapter Five summarizes the methodology used to calculate regulatory impacts; describes the impacts of energy performance standards relative to the baseline discussed in Chapter Four. Also discussed are regional standards and other program alternatives to performance standards. Chapter Six describes the procedure for balancing consumer, manufacturer, and national impacts to select standard levels. Details of models and data bases used in the analysis are included in Appendices A through K.

None

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Sandia National Laboratories: JBEI Updates Techno-Economic Modeling...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Exhibition (EU PVSC) EC Top Publications Reference Model 5 (RM5): Oscillating Surge Wave Energy Converter Experimental Wave Tank Test for Reference Model 3 Floating- Point...

122

Object Model as the Basis of the Information Technology of Designing Complex Socio-Economic Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method of modeling complex socio-economic systems based on the object-oriented approach is considered. The method is the basis for the information technology of design and allows creating a hierarchical model of a complex system. The results of applying ... Keywords: functional relations, hierarchy of components, object-oriented model, technology of design

M. P. Silich

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

The WAMME regional model intercomparison study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Á D. P. Rowell Met Of?ce Hadley Centre, Exeter, UK E. K.parametrizations in the Hadley Centre climate model: HadAM3.2008). The UK Met Of?ce Hadley Centre RCM is known as Had-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Economic analysis and assessment of syngas production using a modeling approach  

SciTech Connect

Economic analysis and modeling are essential and important issues for the development of current feedstock and process technology for bio-gasification. The objective of this study was to develop an economic model and apply to predict the unit cost of syngas production from a micro-scale bio-gasification facility. An economic model was programmed in C++ computer programming language and developed using a parametric cost approach, which included processes to calculate the total capital costs and the total operating costs. The model used measured economic data from the bio-gasification facility at Mississippi State University. The modeling results showed that the unit cost of syngas production was $1.217 for a 60 Nm-3 h-1 capacity bio-gasifier. The operating cost was the major part of the total production cost. The equipment purchase cost and the labor cost were the largest part of the total capital cost and the total operating cost, respectively. Sensitivity analysis indicated that labor costs rank the top as followed by equipment cost, loan life, feedstock cost, interest rate, utility cost, and waste treatment cost. The unit cost of syngas production increased with the increase of all parameters with exception of loan life. The annual cost regarding equipment, labor, feedstock, waste treatment, and utility cost showed a linear relationship with percent changes, while loan life and annual interest rate showed a non-linear relationship. This study provides the useful information for economic analysis and assessment of the syngas production using a modeling approach.

Kim, Hakkwan; Parajuli, Prem B.; Yu, Fei; Columbus, Eugene P.

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

125

Economic impacts study  

SciTech Connect

This is a progress report on the first phase of a project to measure the economic impacts of a rapidly changing U.S. target base. The purpose of the first phase is to designate and test the macroeconomic impact analysis model. Criteria were established for a decision-support model. Additional criteria were defined for an interactive macroeconomic impact analysis model. After a review of several models, the Economic Impact Forecast System model of the U.S. Army Construction Research Laboratory was selected as the appropriate input-output tool that can address local and regional economic analysis. The model was applied to five test cases to demonstrate its utility and define possible revisions to meet project criteria. A plan for EIFS access was defined at three levels. Objectives and tasks for scenario refinement are proposed.

Brunsen, W.; Worley, W.; Frost, E.

1988-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

126

Environmental and economic assessment of discharges from Gulf of Mexico Region Oil and Gas Operations. Quarterly technical progress report, 1 October--31 December 1993  

SciTech Connect

Task 2 (Preparation of the Sampling and Analysis Plan) activities involved the incorporation of the offshore site selection process into the Sampling and Analysis Plan. Task 3 (Environmental Field Sampling and Analysis of NORM, Heavy Metals, and Organics) work included making decisions on tissue analyses and performing analyses of water and sediment samples. Task 4 (Monitoring of the Recovery of Impacted Wetland and Open Bay Produced Water Discharge Sites in Coastal Louisiana and Texas) activities involved the completion of the spring benthos samples collection on pre-termination samples at Four Isle Dome and the first post-termination samples at Delacroix Island. Task 5 (Assessment of Economic Impacts of Offshore and Coastal Discharge Requirements on Present and Future Operations in the Gum of Mexico Region) activities included continued work on development of a base case production forecast, modeling future production, and determining economic impact of treatment technologies. Task 6 (Synthesis of Gulf of Mexico Seafood Consumption and Use Patterns) work involved the completion of the fall survey season and the initiation of the survey data assembly. Task 7 (Technology Transfer Plan) activities included presentations at the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry annual meeting and Minerals Management Service Information Transfer Meeting. Task 8 (Project Management and Deliverables) activities involved the submission of the necessary reports and routine management.

Gettleson, D.A.

1994-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

127

JEDI: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts Model, National Renewable...  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

state) level. First developed by NREL's Wind Powering America program to model wind energy jobs and impacts, JEDI has been expanded to biofuels, concentrating solar power, coal,...

128

A Framework for Modeling Uncertainty in Regional Climate Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study, we present a new modeling framework and a large ensemble of climate projections to investigate the uncertainty in regional climate change over the US associated with four dimensions of uncertainty. The sources ...

Monier, Erwan

129

ECONOMIC MODELING OF THE GLOBAL ADOPTION OF CARBON CAPTURE AND SEQUESTRATION TECHNOLOGIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ECONOMIC MODELING OF THE GLOBAL ADOPTION OF CARBON CAPTURE AND SEQUESTRATION TECHNOLOGIES J. R. Mc of carbon capture and sequestration technologies as applied to electric generating plants. The MIT Emissions, is used to model carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technologies based on a natural gas combined cycle

130

Introducing Chaos in Economic Gas-like Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper considers ideal gas-like models of trading markets, where each agent is identified as a gas molecule that interacts with others trading in elastic or money-conservative collisions. Traditionally, these models introduce different rules of random selection and exchange between pair agents. Unlike these traditional models, this work introduces a chaotic procedure able of breaking the pairing symmetry of agents (i,j)->(j,i). Its results show that, the asymptotic money distributions of a market under chaotic evolution can exhibit a transition from Gibbs to Pareto distributions, as the pairing symmetry is progressively broken.

C. Pellicer-Lostao; R. Lopez-Ruiz

2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

131

JEDI: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts Model, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) models are user-friendly tools that estimate the economic impacts of constructing and operating power generation and biofuel plants at the local (usually state) level. First developed by NREL's Wind Powering America program to model wind energy jobs and impacts, JEDI has been expanded to biofuels, concentrating solar power, coal, and natural gas power plants. Based on project-specific and default inputs (derived from industry norms), JEDI estimates the number of jobs and economic impacts to a local area (usually a state) that could reasonably be supported by a power generation project. For example, JEDI estimates the number of in-state construction jobs from a new wind farm. This fact sheet provides an overview of the JEDI model as it pertains to wind energy projects.

Not Available

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Yellowstone Region (Laney, 2005) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Laney, 2005) Laney, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Yellowstone Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Yellowstone Caldera Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown Notes Localized Strain as a Discriminator of Hidden Geothermal Systems, Vasco and Foxall, 2005. Recent work has focused on (1) collaborating with Alessandro Ferretti to use Permanent Scatterer (PS) InSAR data to infer strain at depth, (2) working with Lane Johnson to develop a dynamic faulting model, and (3) acquiring InSAR data for the region surrounding the Dixie Valley fault zone in collaboration with Dr. William Foxall of LLNL. The InSAR data

133

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Central Nevada Seismic Zone Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Developed natural state mass and energy transport fluid flow models of generic Basin and Range systems based on Dixie Valley data that help to understand the nature of large scale constraints on the location and characteristics of the geothermal systems References D. D. Blackwell, K. W. Wisian, M. C. Richards, Mark Leidig, Richard Smith, Jason McKenna (2003) Geothermal Resource Analysis And Structure Of

134

Deep Placement Gel Bank as an Improved Oil Recovery Process: Modeling, Economic Analysis and Comparison to Polymer Flooding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

have conducted relevant literature review about the development, design, modeling and economics of the enhanced oil recovery methods. Schlumberger's Eclipse simulator software has been used for modeling purposes. Modeling runs have demonstrated...

Seyidov, Murad

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

135

NON-LINEAR MODELING OF THE RHIC INTERACTION REGIONS.  

SciTech Connect

For RHIC's collision lattices the dominant sources of transverse non-linearities are located in the interaction regions. The field quality is available for most of the magnets in the interaction regions from the magnetic measurements, or from extrapolations of these measurements. We discuss the implementation of these measurements in the MADX models of the Blue and the Yellow rings and their impact on beam stability.

TOMAS,R.FISCHER,W.JAIN,A.LUO,Y.PILAT,F.

2004-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

136

Modeling Zero Energy Building: technical and economical optimization Maria Ferrara1-2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Modeling Zero Energy Building: technical and economical optimization Maria Ferrara1-2 , Joseph by the recast of Energy Performance of Buildings. The aim of this work is to provide a useful method to deal combines the use of TRNSYS, building energy simulation program, with GenOpt, Generic Optimization program

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

137

Economic Decision Making Model for Geothermal Sludge Disposal alternatives (EDM-GSD): Version 1. 0  

SciTech Connect

The Economic Decision Making Model for Geothermal Sludge Disposal Alternatives-Version 1.0'' (EDM-GSD 1.0) is a microcomputer-based dynamic model developed to assist in determining the benefits and costs of various geothermal solid waste treatment procedures. It is intended for use by geothermal managers in dealing with geothermal waste and treatment process issues as a means to assist in overcoming the technical and economic barriers to expanded geothermal energy utilization. The model is based on a 50MW flash plant. However, it is designed to provide the user with sufficient flexibility when inputing data to analyze all types of geothermal plants. Default values for economic and technical parameters can be overridden by the user through the input of specific data. In addition, data can be changed for any year of an analysis to account for desired changes in input parameters such as costs and distance to disposal sites. The results of the model will allow the user to: Determine current geothermal plant disposal costs; Evaluate the cost-effectiveness of alternative treatment techniques; and Evaluate the economic effects of changes in disposal regulations.

Not Available

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

ECONOMIC MODELING OF RE-LICENSING AND DECOMMISSIONING OPTIONS FOR THE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ECONOMIC MODELING OF RE-LICENSING AND DECOMMISSIONING OPTIONS FOR THE KLAMATH BASIN HYDROELECTRIC, and steelhead trout on the West Coast of the United States. PacifiCorp's 169-megawatt Klamath Hydroelectric Hydroelectric Project is the only thorough, objective and transparent assessment tool that analyzes the cost

139

Estimating Water Quality Pollution Impacts Based on Economic Loss Models in Urbanization Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimating Water Quality Pollution Impacts Based on Economic Loss Models in Urbanization Process Abstract: The study investigates water quality pollution impacts on urbanization by analyzing temporal, more populations were moved from rural area into urban area, and more costs were input in water quality

Yu, Qian

140

Start | Grid View | Browse by Day OR Group/Topical | Author Index | Keyword Index | Personal Scheduler Active Constraint Regions for Economically Optimal Operation of Distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scheduler Active Constraint Regions for Economically Optimal Operation of Distillation Columns Tuesday and operation of distillation columns has been widely studied, as illustrated by for example Skogestad (1993 operation of distillation columns has been studied relatively little. The issue of active constraints

Skogestad, Sigurd

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

On the need and use of models to explore the role of economic confidence:a survey.  

SciTech Connect

Empirical studies suggest that consumption is more sensitive to current income than suggested under the permanent income hypothesis, which raises questions regarding expectations for future income, risk aversion, and the role of economic confidence measures. This report surveys a body of fundamental economic literature as well as burgeoning computational modeling methods to support efforts to better anticipate cascading economic responses to terrorist threats and attacks. This is a three part survey to support the incorporation of models of economic confidence into agent-based microeconomic simulations. We first review broad underlying economic principles related to this topic. We then review the economic principle of confidence and related empirical studies. Finally, we provide a brief survey of efforts and publications related to agent-based economic simulation.

Sprigg, James A.; Paez, Paul J. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Hand, Michael S. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM)

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Using Weather Data and Climate Model Output in Economic Analyses of Climate Change  

SciTech Connect

Economists are increasingly using weather data and climate model output in analyses of the economic impacts of climate change. This article introduces a set of weather data sets and climate models that are frequently used, discusses the most common mistakes economists make in using these products, and identifies ways to avoid these pitfalls. We first provide an introduction to weather data, including a summary of the types of datasets available, and then discuss five common pitfalls that empirical researchers should be aware of when using historical weather data as explanatory variables in econometric applications. We then provide a brief overview of climate models and discuss two common and significant errors often made by economists when climate model output is used to simulate the future impacts of climate change on an economic outcome of interest.

Auffhammer, Maximilian [University of California at Berkeley; Hsiang, Solomon M. [Princeton University; Schlenker, Wolfram [Columbia University; Sobel, Adam H. [Columbia University

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

143

Renewable Power Options for Electrical Generation on Kaua'i: Economics and Performance Modeling  

SciTech Connect

The Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) is working with a team led by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to assess the economic and technical feasibility of increasing the contribution of renewable energy in Hawaii. This part of the HCEI project focuses on working with Kaua'i Island Utility Cooperative (KIUC) to understand how to integrate higher levels of renewable energy into the electric power system of the island of Kaua'i. NREL partnered with KIUC to perform an economic and technical analysis and discussed how to model PV inverters in the electrical grid.

Burman, K.; Keller, J.; Kroposki, B.; Lilienthal, P.; Slaughter, R.; Glassmire, J.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Regional climate model data used within the SWURVE project 2: addressing uncertainty in regional climate model data Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11(1), 10851096, 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regional climate model data used within the SWURVE project 2: addressing uncertainty in regional within the SWURVE project 2: addressing uncertainty in regional climate model data for five European case regions (CSRs) of the EC-funded project SWURVE, estimates of uncertainty in climate model data need

Boyer, Edmond

145

Update and assessment of geothermal economic models, geothermal fluid flow and heat distribution models, and geothermal data bases  

SciTech Connect

Numerical simulation models and data bases that were developed for DOE as part of a number of geothermal programs have been assessed with respect to their overall stage of development and usefulness. This report combines three separate studies that focus attention upon: (1) economic models related to geothermal energy; (2) physical geothermal system models pertaining to thermal energy and the fluid medium; and (3) geothermal energy data bases. Computerized numerical models pertaining to the economics of extracting and utilizing geothermal energy have been summarized and catalogued with respect to their availability, utility and function. The 19 models that are discussed in detail were developed for use by geothermal operators, public utilities, and lending institutions who require a means to estimate the value of a given resource, total project costs, and the sensitivity of these values to specific variables. A number of the models are capable of economically assessing engineering aspects of geothermal projects. Computerized simulations of heat distribution and fluid flow have been assessed and are presented for ten models. Five of the models are identified as wellbore simulators and five are described as reservoir simulators. Each model is described in terms of its operational characteristics, input, output, and other pertinent attributes. Geothermal energy data bases are reviewed with respect to their current usefulness and availability. Summaries of eight data bases are provided in catalogue format, and an overall comparison of the elements of each data base is included.

Kenkeremath, D. (ed.)

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SNG) production from coal and biomass with economic analysisin the following economic analysis. Coal purchase price,price and coal price keeps sufficient low. Further economic

Lu, Xiaoming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Hydro-economic models: Concepts, design, applications, and future prospects Julien J. Harou a,*, Manuel Pulido-Velazquez b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review Hydro-economic models: Concepts, design, applications, and future prospects Julien J. Harou Engineering, University College London, Pearson Building, Gouwer Street, London, UK b Departamento de of Frank Ward, Associate Editor Keywords: Hydro-economic models Integrated water resource management (IWRM

Pasternack, Gregory B.

148

Essays on Modeling the Economic Impacts of a Foreign Animal Disease on the United States Agricultural Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) ............. 181 Table 49: Enhanced Surveillance Summary Statistics (Millions $2004) ....................... 183 Table 50: Regular Surveillance Summary Statistics (Millions $2004) .......................... 184 Table 51: Summary Statistics for Daily Data... ......................................................................................... 34 3.2 Economic/Epidemic Model Development .......................................... 34 3.3 General Framework ............................................................................. 51 3.4 Modeling Combined Economic...

Hagerman, Amy Deann

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

149

Agent-based Versus Macroscopic Modeling of Competition and Business Processes in Economics and Finance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present examples of agent-based and stochastic models of competition and business processes in economics and finance. We start from as simple as possible models, which have microscopic, agent-based, versions and macroscopic treatment in behavior. Microscopic and macroscopic versions of herding model proposed by Kirman and Bass diffusion of new products are considered in this contribution as two basic ideas. Further we demonstrate that general herding behavior can be considered as a background of nonlinear stochastic model of financial fluctuations.

Kononovicius, Aleksejus; Daniunas, Valentas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

A SPATIAL WEB GRAPH MODEL WITH LOCAL INFLUENCE REGIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A SPATIAL WEB GRAPH MODEL WITH LOCAL INFLUENCE REGIONS W. AIELLO, A. BONATO, C. COOPER, J. JANSSEN- served in real-world networks such as the web graph. On the other hand, experimental and heuristic network can be recognized as densely linked subgraphs, or that web pages with many common neigh- bours

Pralat, Pawel

151

THE DEVELOPMENT MODEL ELECTRONIC COMMERCE OF REGIONAL AGRICULTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE DEVELOPMENT MODEL ELECTRONIC COMMERCE OF REGIONAL AGRICULTURE Jun Kang* , Lecai Cai, Hongchan, Fax: +86-813-5505966, Email: kj_sky@126.com Abstract: With the developing of the agricultural information, it is inevitable trend of the development of agricultural electronic commercial affairs

Boyer, Edmond

152

Dynamic model for the economical evaluation of different technical solutions for reducing naval emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The new regulations for the prevention of marine pollution are compelling the shipping industry to a change of strategy. This research provides an economical analysis of the short term alternative options for ship owners: to fit exhaust gas cleaning system on board using heavy fuel oil; to burn marine gas oil or to switch from heavy fuel oil to low sulphur fuel entering emissions controlled areas. An economic evaluation model of investments has been developed in order to compare the different solutions. Based on technical data of engines and operative vessel profiles, the model provides possible measurement tools to consider for the investment choice in the defined reference scenario. Different scenarios can be created by modifying investment conditions, environmental regulations and fuel price forecasts. The results of the model application to three real vessels of different types encourage the ship owners to adopt the option of the seawater scrubber.

Valentina Ciatteo; Giancarlo Giacchetta; Barbara Marchetti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

A Study of the Economic Impact of Water Impoundment Through the Development of a Comparative-Projection Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using two established reservoir projects, an economic simulation model for reservoir development was constructed. The two comparative areas used for the model development are both reservoirs in central Texas and were constructed during approximately...

Pearson, J.E.

154

Downscaling Global Land Cover Projections from an Integrated Assessment Model for Use in Regional Analyses: Results and Evaluation for the US from 2005 to 2095  

SciTech Connect

Projections of land cover change generated from Integrated Assessment Models (IAM) and other economic-based models can be applied for analyses of environmental impacts at subregional and landscape scales. For those IAM and economic models that project land use at the sub-continental or regional scale, these projections must be downscaled and spatially distributed prior to use in climate or ecosystem models. Downscaling efforts to date have been conducted at the national extent with relatively high spatial resolution (30m) and at the global extent with relatively coarse spatial resolution (0.5 degree).

West, Tristram O.; Le Page, Yannick LB; Huang, Maoyi; Wolf, Julie; Thomson, Allison M.

2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

155

Economics Undergraduate BSc Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economics Undergraduate BSc Economics BSc Economics and Politics #12;www.bath.ac.uk/economics Welcome to the Department of Economics The Department has a strong international research reputation in mainstream economics. Our teaching is internationally respected and our students are in demand by employers

Burton, Geoffrey R.

156

Economics Postgraduate MSc Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economics Postgraduate MSc Economics MSc Economics & Finance MSc International Money & Banking #12;www.bath.ac.uk/economics Welcome to the Department of Economics The Department offers a range. The Department has a strong international research reputation in mainstream economics. Our teaching and research

Burton, Geoffrey R.

157

Modeling of air currents in the Gulf Region  

SciTech Connect

The Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability modeled the wind flow in the Gulf Region in order to make projections of the Kuwait oil fires pollution dispersion. Extensive meteorological models incorporating explicit terrain influences to the flow fields were routinely employed through a six month international assessment support effort organized by the World Meteorological Organization and US scientific research agencies. Results show generally close agreement with visible imagery of the smoke plumes as detected by meteorological satellites. However, there are some examples of significant disagreement or failure of the meteorological models. These failures are most likely directly linked to missing or unavailable weather observations.

Sullivan, T.J.; Ellis, J.S.; Foster, C.S.; Foster, K.T.; Baskett, R.L.; Nasstrom, J.S.; Schalk, W.W.

1992-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

158

Environmental and economic assessment of discharges from Gulf of Mexico region oil and gas operations. Quarterly technical progress report, 1 January--31 March 1993  

SciTech Connect

Task 3 (Environmental Field Sampling and Analysis of NORM, Heavy Metals, and Organics) activities included the continuation of the platform selection process. A revised sampling plan and a projected cost estimate were prepared for Task 3. A letter detailing the revised plan was sent to the Scientific Review Committee (SRC). Task 4 (Monitoring of the Recovery of Impacted Wetland and Open Bay Produced Water Discharge Sites in Coastal Louisiana and Texas) activities involved receiving the final approval for sampling two facilities and requesting approval for a third alternative facility. A revised Task 4 sampling plan and projected estimated costs were prepared. The sampling plan was presented to the SRC for comment. Mobilization activities for the first quarterly sampling were initiated. Task 5 (Assessment of Economic Impactsof Offshore and Coastal Discharge Requirements on Present and Future Operations in the Gulf of Mexico Region) activities included refining the model for estimating the impact of increased environmental compliance costs on remaining reserves in coastal and offshore fields. Task 6 (Synthesis of Gulf of Mexico Seafood Consumption and Use Patterns) activities involved completion and field testing of most survey forms. Retail surveys were initiated and contacts were made with the Vietnamese community. Task 7 (Technology Transfer Plan) work has included scheduling the presentation of information concerning this project at the DOE Contractor Review Meeting in July in Oklahoma. Task 8 (Project Management and Deliverables) activities have involved the submission of the necessary reports and routine management.

Gettleson, D.A.

1993-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

159

Combining empirical and theory-based land-use modelling approaches to assess economic potential of biofuel production avoiding iLUC: Argentina as a case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, a land-use modelling framework is presented combining empirical and theory-based modelling approaches to determine economic potential of biofuel production avoiding indirect land-use changes (iLUC) resulting from land competition with other functions. The empirical approach explores future developments in food and feed production to determine land availability and technical potential of biofuel production. The theory-based approach assesses the economic performance of biofuel crops on the surplus land in comparison with other production systems and determines the economic potential of biofuel production. The framework is demonstrated for a case study in Argentina to determine the development of biofuel potential from soy and switchgrass up to 2030. Two scenarios were considered regarding future developments of productivity in agriculture and livestock production. It was found that under a scenario reflecting a continuation of current trends, no surplus land is expected to become available. Nevertheless, the potential for soybean biodiesel is expected to keep increasing up to 103 PJ in 2030, due to the existence of a developed agro-industrial sector jointly producing feed and biodiesel. In case large technological developments occur, 32 Mha could become available in 2030, which would allow for a technical potential of 472 PJ soybean biodiesel and 1445 PJ switchgrass bioethanol. According to the economic assessment, an economic potential of 368 PJ of soy biodiesel and 1.1 EJ switchgrass bioethanol could be attained, at a feedstock production cost of 100–155 US$/ton and 20–45 US$/ton, respectively. The region of southwest Buenos Aires and La Pampa provinces appeared to be particularly promising for switchgrass. The ability of jointly assessing future developments in land availability, technical and economic potential of biofuel production avoiding iLUC and spatial distribution of viable locations for growing biofuel crops means that the proposed framework is a step forward in assessing the potential for biofuel production that is both economically viable and sustainably produced.

V. Diogo; F. van der Hilst; J. van Eijck; J.A. Verstegen; J. Hilbert; S. Carballo; J. Volante; A. Faaij

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Model-based optimization of economical grade changes for the Borealis Borstar® polyethylene plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Economical grade changes are considered for a Borealis Borstar® polyethylene plant model, incorporating two slurry-phase reactors, one gas-phase reactor and a recycle area with three distillation columns. The model is constructed in the Modelica language and the JModelica.org platform is used for optimization. The cost function expresses the economical profit during a grade change and is formulated using on-grade intervals for seven polymer quality variables such as melt index, density and reactor split factors. Additionally, incentives to produce polymer with quality variables on grade target values, not only inside grade intervals, are added. Twelve inflows and three purge flows are used as decision variables. Two grade changes are thoroughly reviewed, showing the effect of using a cost function that regards plant economy. Resulting trajectories can be divided into three phases with distinguishing features, and the synchronization of inflows and usage of recycle area off-gas flows are important in the grade changes.

Per-Ola Larsson; Johan Åkesson; Niclas Carlsson; Niklas Andersson

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Regional forecasting with global atmospheric models; Final report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the project was to conduct model simulations for past and future climate change with respect to the proposed Yucca Mtn. repository. The authors report on three main topics, one of which is boundary conditions for paleo-hindcast studies. These conditions are necessary for the conduction of three to four model simulations. The boundary conditions have been prepared for future runs. The second topic is (a) comparing the atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) with observations and other GCMs; and (b) development of a better precipitation data base for the Yucca Mtn. region for comparisons with models. These tasks have been completed. The third topic is preliminary assessments of future climate change. Energy balance model (EBM) simulations suggest that the greenhouse effect will likely dominate climate change at Yucca Mtn. for the next 10,000 years. The EBM study should improve rational choice of GCM CO{sub 2} scenarios for future climate change.

Crowley, T.J.; Smith, N.R. [Applied Research Corp., College Station, TX (United States)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Regional-Scale Climate Change: Observations and Model Simulations  

SciTech Connect

This collaborative proposal addressed key issues in understanding the Earthâ??s climate system, as highlighted by the U.S. Climate Science Program. The research focused on documenting past climatic changes and on assessing future climatic changes based on suites of global and regional climate models. Geographically, our emphasis was on the mountainous regions of the world, with a particular focus on the Neotropics of Central America and the Hawaiian Islands. Mountain regions are zones where large variations in ecosystems occur due to the strong climate zonation forced by the topography. These areas are particularly susceptible to changes in critical ecological thresholds, and we conducted studies of changes in phonological indicators based on various climatic thresholds.

Raymond S. Bradley; Henry F. Diaz

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

163

Economics definitions, methods, models, and analysis procedures for Homeland Security applications.  

SciTech Connect

This report gives an overview of the types of economic methodologies and models used by Sandia economists in their consequence analysis work for the National Infrastructure Simulation&Analysis Center and other DHS programs. It describes the three primary resolutions at which analysis is conducted (microeconomic, mesoeconomic, and macroeconomic), the tools used at these three levels (from data analysis to internally developed and publicly available tools), and how they are used individually and in concert with each other and other infrastructure tools.

Ehlen, Mark Andrew; Loose, Verne William; Vargas, Vanessa N.; Smith, Braeton J.; Warren, Drake E.; Downes, Paula Sue; Eidson, Eric D.; Mackey, Greg Edward

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Economic and policy implications of pandemic influenza.  

SciTech Connect

Pandemic influenza has become a serious global health concern; in response, governments around the world have allocated increasing funds to containment of public health threats from this disease. Pandemic influenza is also recognized to have serious economic implications, causing illness and absence that reduces worker productivity and economic output and, through mortality, robs nations of their most valuable assets - human resources. This paper reports two studies that investigate both the short- and long-term economic implications of a pandemic flu outbreak. Policy makers can use the growing number of economic impact estimates to decide how much to spend to combat the pandemic influenza outbreaks. Experts recognize that pandemic influenza has serious global economic implications. The illness causes absenteeism, reduced worker productivity, and therefore reduced economic output. This, combined with the associated mortality rate, robs nations of valuable human resources. Policy makers can use economic impact estimates to decide how much to spend to combat the pandemic influenza outbreaks. In this paper economists examine two studies which investigate both the short- and long-term economic implications of a pandemic influenza outbreak. Resulting policy implications are also discussed. The research uses the Regional Economic Modeling, Inc. (REMI) Policy Insight + Model. This model provides a dynamic, regional, North America Industrial Classification System (NAICS) industry-structured framework for forecasting. It is supported by a population dynamics model that is well-adapted to investigating macro-economic implications of pandemic influenza, including possible demand side effects. The studies reported in this paper exercise all of these capabilities.

Smith, Braeton J.; Starks, Shirley J.; Loose, Verne W.; Brown, Theresa Jean; Warren, Drake E.; Vargas, Vanessa N.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Physics and Financial Economics (1776-2014): Puzzles, Ising and Agent-Based models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This short review presents a selected history of the mutual fertilization between physics and economics, from Isaac Newton and Adam Smith to the present. The fundamentally different perspectives embraced in theories developed in financial economics compared with physics are dissected with the examples of the volatility smile and of the excess volatility puzzle. The role of the Ising model of phase transitions to model social and financial systems is reviewed, with the concepts of random utilities and the logit model as the analog of the Boltzmann factor in statistic physics. Recent extensions in term of quantum decision theory are also covered. A wealth of models are discussed briefly that build on the Ising model and generalize it to account for the many stylized facts of financial markets. A summary of the relevance of the Ising model and its extensions is provided to account for financial bubbles and crashes. The review would be incomplete if it would not cover the dynamical field of agent based models (AB...

Sornette, D

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Dispersive processes in models of regional radionuclide migration. Technical memorandum  

SciTech Connect

Three broad areas of concern in the development of aquifer scale transport models will be local scale diffusion and dispersion processes, regional scale dispersion processes, and numerical problems associated with the advection-dispersion equation. Local scale dispersion processes are fairly well understood and accessible to observation. These processes will generally be dominated in large scale systems by regional processes, or macro-dispersion. Macro-dispersion is primarily the result of large scale heterogeneities in aquifer properties. In addition, the effects of many modeling approximations are often included in the process. Because difficulties arise in parameterization of this large scale phenomenon, parameterization should be based on field measurements made at the same scale as the transport process of interest or else partially circumvented through the application of a probabilistic advection model. Other problems associated with numerical transport models include difficulties with conservation of mass, stability, numerical dissipation, overshoot, flexibility, and efficiency. We recommend the random-walk model formulation for Lawrence Livermore Laboratory's purposes as the most flexible, accurate and relatively efficient modeling approach that overcomes these difficulties.

Evenson, D.E.; Dettinger, M.D.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Mapping socio-economic scenarios of land cover change: A GIS method to enable ecosystem service modelling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mapping socio-economic scenarios of land cover change: A GIS method to enable ecosystem service Ecosystem services GIS Scenarios Spatial modelling Tanzania a b s t r a c t We present a GIS method to interpret qualitatively expressed socio-economic scenarios in quantitative map-based terms. (i) We built

Vermont, University of

168

Economic Growth and Development Economics 777  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Growth and Development Economics 777 July 18, 2008 Fall Semester 2008 Professor J. H. Mc of economic growth and development. We will analyze several different growth models and look at some recent empirical research. Text The text for this course is: Economic Growth (2nd Edition) by Robert J. Barro

Almor, Amit

169

California Wintertime Precipitation in Regional and Global Climate Models  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, wintertime precipitation from a variety of observational datasets, regional climate models (RCMs), and general circulation models (GCMs) is averaged over the state of California (CA) and compared. Several averaging methodologies are considered and all are found to give similar values when model grid spacing is less than 3{sup o}. This suggests that CA is a reasonable size for regional intercomparisons using modern GCMs. Results show that reanalysis-forced RCMs tend to significantly overpredict CA precipitation. This appears to be due mainly to overprediction of extreme events; RCM precipitation frequency is generally underpredicted. Overprediction is also reflected in wintertime precipitation variability, which tends to be too high for RCMs on both daily and interannual scales. Wintertime precipitation in most (but not all) GCMs is underestimated. This is in contrast to previous studies based on global blended gauge/satellite observations which are shown here to underestimate precipitation relative to higher-resolution gauge-only datasets. Several GCMs provide reasonable daily precipitation distributions, a trait which doesn't seem tied to model resolution. GCM daily and interannual variability is generally underpredicted.

Caldwell, P M

2009-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

170

Modeling economic impacts of climate change on U.S. forests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% S and +100% N" Scenario . . . 123 Table 5. 12. Economic Welfare by Decade of the "+100% S and +100% N" Scenario . 125 Table 5. 13. Total Welfare Impacts, Relative to the Base, of the "- 50% S and -50% N" Scenario Without modeling changes in Canadian...' surplus in the Pacific Northwest under the "-50% S and -50% N" scenario, relative to the base scenario . . 102 Figure 5. 29. % Change in producers' surplus in the South Central and Southeast under the "-50% S and -50% N" scenario, relative to the base...

Sousa, Claudio Ney Martins De

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Process and economic model of in-field heavy oil upgrading using aqueous pyrolysis  

SciTech Connect

A process and economic model for aqueous pyrolysis in-field upgrading of heavy oil has been developed. The model has been constructed using the ASPEN PLUS chemical process simulator. The process features cracking of heavy oil at moderate temperatures in the presence of water to increase oil quality and thus the value of the oil. Calculations with the model indicate that for a 464 Mg/day (3,000 bbl/day) process, which increases the oil API gravity of the processed oil from 13.5{degree} to 22.4{degree}, the required value increase of the oil would need to be at least $2.80/Mg{center_dot}{degree}API($0.40/bbl{center_dot}{degree}API) to make the process economically attractive. This level of upgrading has been demonstrated in preliminary experiments with candidate catalysts. For improved catalysts capable of having the coke make and increasing the pyrolysis rate, a required price increase for the oil as low as $1.34/Mg{center_dot}{degree}API ($0.21/bbl{center_dot}{degree}API)has been calculated.

Thorsness, C. B., LLNL

1997-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

172

An economic decision framework using modeling for improving aquifer remediation design  

SciTech Connect

Reducing cost is a critical challenge facing environmental remediation today. One of the most effective ways of reducing costs is to improve decision-making. This can range from choosing more cost- effective remediation alternatives (for example, determining whether a groundwater contamination plume should be remediated or not) to improving data collection (for example, determining when data collection should stoop). Uncertainty in site conditions presents a major challenge for effective decision-making. We present a framework for increasing the effectiveness of remedial design decision-making at groundwater contamination sites where there is uncertainty in many parameters that affect remediation design. The objective is to provide an easy-to-use economic framework for making remediation decisions. The presented framework is used to 1) select the best remedial design from a suite of possible ones, 2) estimate if additional data collection is cost-effective, and 3) determine the most important parameters to be sampled. The framework is developed by combining elements from Latin-Hypercube simulation of contaminant transport, economic risk-cost-benefit analysis, and Regional Sensitivity Analysis (RSA).

James, B.R.; Gwo, J.P.; Toran, L.E.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Political-economic processes and collective decision making  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

model of the political economic process? There is a preciseto model a political-economic process. We point out that in1994 Economic~ POLITICAL ECONOMIC PROCESSES AND COLLECTIVE

Rausser, Gordon C.; Simon, Leo K.; van 't Veld, Klaas T.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Spreading of intolerance under economic stress: results from a model with reputation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a population is engaged in successive prisoner's dilemmas, indirect reciprocity through reputation fosters cooperation through the emergence of moral and action rules. A simplified model has recently been proposed where individuals choose between helping or not others, and are judged good or bad for it by the rest of the population. The reputation so acquired will condition future actions. In this model, eight strategies (referred to as 'leading eight') enforce a high level of cooperation, generate high payoffs and are therefore resistant to invasions by other strategies. Here we show that, by assigning each individual one out of two labels that peers can distinguish (e.g., political ideas, religion, skin colour...) and allowing moral and action rules to depend on the label, intolerant behaviours can emerge within minorities under sufficient economic stress. We analyse the sets of conditions where this can happen and also discuss the circumstances under which tolerance can be restored. Our results agree ...

Martinez-Vaquero, Luis A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Improvement of snowpack simulations in a regional climate model  

SciTech Connect

To improve simulations of regional-scale snow processes and related cold-season hydroclimate, the Community Land Model version 3 (CLM3), developed by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), was coupled with the Pennsylvania State University/NCAR fifth-generation Mesoscale Model (MM5). CLM3 physically describes the mass and heat transfer within the snowpack using five snow layers that include liquid water and solid ice. The coupled MM5–CLM3 model performance was evaluated for the snowmelt season in the Columbia River Basin in the Pacific Northwestern United States using gridded temperature and precipitation observations, along with station observations. The results from MM5–CLM3 show a significant improvement in the SWE simulation, which has been underestimated in the original version of MM5 coupled with the Noah land-surface model. One important cause for the underestimated SWE in Noah is its unrealistic land-surface structure configuration where vegetation, snow and the topsoil layer are blended when snow is present. This study demonstrates the importance of the sheltering effects of the forest canopy on snow surface energy budgets, which is included in CLM3. Such effects are further seen in the simulations of surface air temperature and precipitation in regional weather and climate models such as MM5. In addition, the snow-season surface albedo overestimated by MM5–Noah is now more accurately predicted by MM5–CLM3 using a more realistic albedo algorithm that intensifies the solar radiation absorption on the land surface, reducing the strong near-surface cold bias in MM5–Noah. The cold bias is further alleviated due to a slower snowmelt rate in MM5–CLM3 during the early snowmelt stage, which is closer to observations than the comparable components of MM5–Noah. In addition, the over-predicted precipitation in the Pacific Northwest as shown in MM5–Noah is significantly decreased in MM5 CLM3 due to the lower evaporation resulting from the longer snow duration.

Jin, J.; Miller, N.L.

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

176

An economic study of tactical crop production decisions in the Blacklands: the melding of biophysical simulation and economic decision models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Identification of the Objective Function 100 Mathematical Specification of the Decislonmaking Model . . 100 EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN AND DATA DEVELOPMENT OF THE BASIC MODEL 103 Land Allotment 104 Available Tractor Time 104 Machinery Operations Data 106 Input... Cotton Simulation Model Results Summary Statistics (Lint Pounds/Acre) 74 Cotton Simulation Yield Comparison to Bell County Averages 79 4. 1 Tractor Time Availability 107 4. 2 Corn - Operation Timetable 109 4. 3 Grain Sorghum - Operation Timetable...

Dillon, Carl R.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

177

Application of Scale-Selective Data Assimilation to Regional Climate Modeling and Prediction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method referred to as scale-selective data assimilation (SSDA) is designed to inject the large-scale components of the atmospheric circulation from a global model into a regional model to improve regional climate simulations and predictions. ...

Shiqiu Peng; Lian Xie; Bin Liu; Fredrick Semazzi

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

An economic analysis of supervised credit for Mexican rubber producers in the El Palmar region of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is recomtended, in which the participation of several government agencies is required in the '. HARP to achieve real econo nic progress. Concerr. ing the analysis of rare of return on rubbe- invest- men , production data for rubber were scarce ano difficult... by Production Purpose of the Loans, 1962-1967, the El Palmer Region, Mexico. 36 Estimated - er Hectare* Cash-Expenditure Requirements for the Establishment of Rubber Plantings in the El Palmer Region, Mexico, 19 68. 44 Annual Current end Projected. per...

De Armero Tapia, Luis Ernesto

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

179

Two-stage fuzzy-stochastic robust programming: a hybrid model for regional air quality management  

SciTech Connect

In this study, a hybrid two-stage fuzzy-stochastic robust programming (TFSRP) model is developed and applied to the planning of an air-quality management system. As an extension of existing fuzzy-robust programming and two stage stochastic programming methods, the TFSRP can explicitly address complexities and uncertainties of the study system without unrealistic simplifications. Uncertain parameters can be expressed as probability density and/or fuzzy membership functions, such that robustness of the optimization efforts can be enhanced. Moreover, economic penalties as corrective measures against any infeasibilities arising from the uncertainties are taken into account. This method can, thus, provide a linkage to predefined policies determined by authorities that have to be respected when a modeling effort is undertaken. In its solution algorithm, the fuzzy decision space can be delimited through specification of the uncertainties using dimensional enlargement of the original fuzzy constraints. The developed model is applied to a case study of regional air quality management at two coal-fired power plants considered as major sulfur dioxide emission sources. The results indicate that reasonable solutions have been obtained. The solutions can be used for further generating pollution-mitigation alternatives with minimized system costs and for providing a more solid support for sound environmental decisions. 61 refs., 7 figs., 6 tabs.

Yongping Li; Guo H. Huang; Amornvadee Veawab; Xianghui Nie; Lei Liu [University of Regina, Regina, SK (Canada). Environmental Systems Engineering Program

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

180

Environmental and economic assessment of discharges from Gulf of Mexico Region oil and gas operation. Quarterly technical progress report, 1 October--31 December 1994  

SciTech Connect

Task 3 (Environmental Field Sampling and Analysis of NORM, Heavy Metals, and Organics) work included analyses of samples. Task 4 (Monitoring of the Recovery of Impacted Wetland and Open Bay Produced Water Discharge Sites in Coastal Louisiana and Texas) activities involved the continued analyses of samples and field sampling at Bay de Chene. Task 5 (Assessment of Economic Impacts of Offshore and Coastal Discharge Requirements on Present and Future Operations in the Gulf of Mexico Region) activities included preparing a draft final report. Task 6 (Synthesis of Gulf of Mexico Seafood Consumption and Use Patterns) work also involved preparing a draft final report. Task 7 (Technology Transfer Plan) activities included a presentation at the Minerals Management Service Information Transfer Meeting for the Gulf of Mexico OCS Region. Task 8 (Project Management and Deliverables) activities involved the submission of the necessary reports and routine management.

Gettleson, D.A.

1995-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Impacts of increased bioenergy demand on global food markets: an AgMIP economic model intercomparison  

SciTech Connect

Integrated Assessment studies have shown that meeting ambitious greenhouse gas mitigation targets will require substantial amounts of bioenergy as part of the future energy mix. In the course of the Agricultural Model Comparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP), five global agro-economic models were used to analyze a future scenario with global demand for ligno-cellulosic bioenergy rising to about 100 ExaJoule in 2050. From this exercise a tentative conclusion can be drawn that ambitious climate change mitigation need not drive up global food prices much, if the extra land required for bioenergy production is accessible or if the feedstock, e.g. from forests, does not directly compete for agricultural land. Agricultural price effects across models by the year 2050 from high bioenergy demand in an RCP2.6-type scenario appear to be much smaller (+5% average across models) than from direct climate impacts on crop yields in an RCP8.5-type scenario (+25% average across models). However, potential future scarcities of water and nutrients, policy-induced restrictions on agricultural land expansion, as well as potential welfare losses have not been specifically looked at in this exercise.

Lotze-Campen, Hermann; von Lampe, Martin; Kyle, G. Page; Fujimori, Shinichiro; Havlik, Petr; van Meijl, Hans; Hasegawa, Tomoko; Popp, Alexander; Schmitz, Christoph; Tabeau, Andrzej; Valin, Hugo; Willenbockel, Dirk; Wise, Marshall A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Evaluating the Economics of Best Management Practices for Tarrant Regional Water District’s Eagle Mountain Lake Watershed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economics Texas A&M University and Texas AgriLife Extension Service Executive Summary The object i ve of this asses s me n t was to identi f y the most cost-e f f e c t i v e means of reduci n g (and/o r preven t i n g ) tota l phosph o r u s (TP...) inflow s into the Eagle Mountain Lake from a compr e h e n s i v e set of Best Manag e me n t Pract i c e s (BMPs ) . Additi o na l l y , the reduce d total nitrog e n (TN), and sedime n t inflow s result i n g from adoption of these BMPs was also...

Johnson, Jason L.

183

Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

economic analysis .. 50 Synthetic fuels and power production from coal .Coal-to-Power Efficiency - LHV Overall Plant Efficiency - HHV Overall Plant Efficiency - LHV Figure C.1 Economic analysisCoal-to-Power Efficiency - LHV Overall Plant Efficiency - HHV Overall Plant Efficiency - LHV Figure C.2 Economic analysis

Lu, Xiaoming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Environmental Protection Agency's Model Building Code Noise Control Provisions and Economic Impact Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The U.S. E.P.A. Office of Noise Abatement and Control has developed an eight step approach to abate noise in multi?family and educational buildings. The core of this program is the adoption and implementation of the E P.A.'s ModelNoise Control Provisions which can be adopted by state and local jurisdictions and inserted into their existing building codes. The Model Provisions contain recommended noise standards that the E.P.A. feels are practical and sufficient to reduce noise in an average community. A supporting study to the E.P.A.'s Building Code Program is an Economic Impact Study. This study presents a technique for evaluating the acoustical insulation costs defrayed by energy savings. The Cost Minimization Model developed by the National Bureau of Standards for the E.P.A. is also presented. In addition the N.B.S. is undertaking a Benefit Study for the E.P.A. designed to estimate both acoustical benefits to be derived from implementation of the E.P.A.s Model Building Code Noise Control Provisions by local officials and the number of people in their community who will receive these benefits.

C. Caccavari; F. J. Pesce; F. F. Rudder Jr.; S. W. Weber

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Electroweak phase transition in the economical 3-3-1 model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Following our approach to the electroweak phase transition (EWPT), we consider the phase transitions in framework of the economical 3-3-1 model (E331). Structure of phase transition in this model is divided into two periods. The first period is the phase transition $SU(3) \\rightarrow SU(2)$ at TeV scale and the second one is $SU(2) \\rightarrow U(1)$, which is like the Standard Model (SM) electroweak phase transition. Two periods are the first-order phase transitions if the masses of heavy bosons is equal to few TeVs and the mass of second neutral Higgs is, $0model.

Phong, Vo Quoc; Van, Vo Thanh; Minh, Le Hoang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Post-Systolic Thickening in Ischaemic Myocardium: A Simple Mathematical Model for Simulating Regional Deformation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a one-dimensional mathematical model to explain changes in regional radial myocardial deformation during ischaemia. The model makes use of cellular contraction properties of normal and ischaemic myocytes extracted from an animal model of induced ...

Piet Claus; Bart Bijnens; Frank Weidemann; Christoph Dommke; Virginie Bito; Frank Heinzel; Karin Sipido; Ivan De Scheerder; Frank E. Rademakers; George R. Sutherland

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Unknown References Glenn Biasi, Leiph Preston, Ileana Tibuleac (2009) Body Wave Tomography For Regional Scale Assessment Of Geothermal Indicators In The Western Great Basin...

188

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Biasi...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Unknown References Glenn Biasi, Leiph Preston, Ileana Tibuleac (2009) Body Wave Tomography For Regional Scale Assessment Of Geothermal Indicators In The Western Great Basin...

189

Environmental and economic assessment of discharges from Gulf of Mexico region oil and gas operations. Quarterly technical progress report, July--September 1995  

SciTech Connect

Continental Shelf Associates, Inc. (CSA) was contracted to conduct a three-year study of the environmental and health related impacts of produced water and sand discharges from oil and gas operations. Data on naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM), heavy metals, and hydrocarbons in water, sediment, and biota will be collected and evaluated. Health related impacts will be studied through field collections and analyses of commercially- and recreationally-important fish and shellfish tissues. Additionally, information on seafood catch, consumption, and use patterns for the Gulf of Mexico will be gathered and analyzed. The facilities to be studied will include both offshore and coastal facilities in the Gulf of Mexico. Coastal sites will be additionally studied to determine ecological recovery of impacted wetland and open bay areas. The economic impact of existing and proposed effluent federal and state regulations will also be evaluated. This report represents the thirteenth quarterly technical summary for the study ``Environmental and Economic Assessment of Discharges from Gulf of Mexico Region Oil and Gas Operations.`` Activities associated with Tasks 3 through 8 are discussed in this report.

Gettleson, D.A.

1995-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

190

Electroweak phase transition in the economical 3-3-1 model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Following our approach to the electroweak phase transition (EWPT) in our previous work, we consider the EWPT in the economical 3-3-1 (E331) model. Our analysis shows that the EWPT in the model is a sequence of two first-order phase transitions, $SU(3) \\rightarrow SU(2)$ at the TeV scale and $SU(2) \\rightarrow U(1)$ at the $100$ GeV scale. \\textbf{The EWPT $SU(3) \\rightarrow SU(2)$ is triggered by the new bosons and the exotic quarks; its strength is about $1 - 13$ if the mass ranges of these new particles are $10^2 \\,\\mathrm{GeV} - 10^3 \\,\\mathrm{GeV}$. The EWPT $SU(2) \\rightarrow SU(1)$ is strengthened by only the new bosons; its strength is about $1 - 1.15$ if the mass parts of $H^0_1$, $H^\\pm_2$ and $Y^\\pm$ are in the ranges $10 \\,\\mathrm{GeV} - 10^2 \\,\\mathrm{GeV}$. The contributions of $H^0_1$ and $H^{\\pm}_2$ to the strengths of both EWPTs may make them sufficiently strong to provide large deviations from thermal equilibrium and B violation necessary for baryogenesis.

Vo Quoc Phong; Hoang Ngoc Long; Vo Thanh Van; Le Hoang Minh

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

191

Environmental and economic assessment of discharges from Gulf of Mexico Region oil and gas operations. Quarterly technical progress report, 1 October--31 December 1992  

SciTech Connect

Tasks 3 (Environmental Field Sampling and Analysis of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM), Heavy Metals, and Organics) and 4 (Monitoring of the Recovery of Impacted Wetland and Open Bay Produced Water Discharge Sites in Coastal Louisiana and Texas) activities have included the narrowing of the list of potential offshore platforms for study off Louisiana and Texas and a preliminary selection of three coastal sites in Louisiana. After an extensive search effort, it was concluded that no coastal sites are available in Texas. A meeting was held between the contractor, Department of Energy (DOE), and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) personnel to discuss potential sites and sampling designs. A letter was sent to the Scientific Review Committee (SRC) providing a general description of the revised site selection process and sampling designs. Task 5 (Assessment of Economic Impacts of Offshore and Coastal Discharge Requirements on Present and Future Operations in the Gulf of Mexico Region) activities included continued evaluation of data types available for the economic analysis. Historical field basis data were acquired. The identification of permitted discharge points was also initiated. Task 6 (Synthesis of Gulf of Mexico Seafood Consumption and Use Patterns) activities have involved the completion of the literature review. Drafts of the fisherman and wholesaler surveys were prepared. It was determined with DOE and BNL personnel that the retailer survey would be eliminated and a subsistence fisherman survey would be added. Task 7 (Technology Transfer Plan) work has been delayed due to the Tasks 3 and 4 delay and cancellation of the annual US Minerals Management Service (MMS) Gulf of Mexico Region Information Transfer Meeting. Task 8 (Project Management and Deliverables) activities have involved the submission of the necessary reports and routine management.

Gettleson, D.A.

1993-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

192

ILLINOIS ECONOMIC The Monthly Illinois Economic Review contains information on national, statewide, and local  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ILLINOIS ECONOMIC REVIEW The Monthly Illinois Economic Review contains information on national, statewide, and local economic performance by measuring job growth, unemployment, and business activity. This information is compiled by IGPA Economist Geoffrey Hewings, director of the Regional Economics Applications

Shim, Moonsub

193

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Biasi, Et  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Biasi, Et Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Exploration Activity Details Location Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown References Glenn Biasi, Leiph Preston, Ileana Tibuleac (2009) Body Wave Tomography For Regional Scale Assessment Of Geothermal Indicators In The Western Great Basin Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Modeling-Computer_Simulations_At_Northern_Basin_%26_Range_Region_(Biasi,_Et_Al.,_2009)&oldid=40142

194

Climate and Energy Policy for U.S. Passenger Vehicles: A Technology-Rich Economic Modeling and Policy Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-based relationship between income growth and travel demand, turnover of the vehicle stock, and cost-driven investment both in reduction of internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle fuel consumption as well as in adoptionClimate and Energy Policy for U.S. Passenger Vehicles: A Technology-Rich Economic Modeling

195

Towards Evolutionary Economic Analysis of Sustainable Urban Real Estate: Concept of a Research Strategy Exemplified on House Price Modeling Using the Self-Organizing Map, Interviews and Field Inspection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Evolutionary economics has begun to replace—or at least complement—neoclassical economics as the most widely accepted framework for economic modeling. Evolutionary frameworks are nonlinear and iterative: they ...

Tom Kauko

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: Jobs and Economic Development Impact  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Jobs and Economic Development Impacts Model Resources & Tools Policy Public Lands Public Power Regional Activities State Activities State Lands Siting Jobs and Economic Development Impact Models JEDI: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts Model Fact Sheet Thumbnail of the JEDI fact sheet. The Jobs and Economic Development Impact (JEDI) models are user-friendly tools that estimate the economic impacts of constructing and operating power generation at the local and state levels. Based on project-specific or default inputs (derived from industry norms), JEDI estimates the number of jobs and economic impacts to a local area that could reasonably be supported by a power generation project. For example, JEDI estimates the number of in-state construction jobs from a new wind

197

Crustal structure of the south-central Andes Cordillera and backarc region from regional waveform modelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......phase PmpSmp with long period energy but smaller amplitudes at regional...reported by the local networks in Argentina (INPRES) and Chile (SSN...histogram shows the seismic energy (in 106 J) released in the...coverage due to the Chile and Argentina seismic networks, so it is......

P. Alvarado; S. Beck; G. Zandt

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Biasi, Et Al.,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biasi, Et Al., Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Biasi, Et Al., 2009) Exploration Activity Details Location Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown References Glenn Biasi, Leiph Preston, Ileana Tibuleac (2009) Body Wave Tomography For Regional Scale Assessment Of Geothermal Indicators In The Western Great Basin Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Modeling-Computer_Simulations_At_Nw_Basin_%26_Range_Region_(Biasi,_Et_Al.,_2009)&oldid=401461" Categories: Exploration Activities DOE Funded

199

Tecno-economic assessment of an off-grid PV-powered community kitchen for developing regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nowadays, around 1.44 billion people have still no access to electricity, most of them living in rural areas in South and Southeast Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa. The major residential energy consumption in these regions is for cooking. This energy demand is covered by firewood, agricultural residues and/or animal dung, implying often exhausting work for the collection and causing deforestation. Solar thermal cooking systems have been developed and promoted, although their success has been limited. This paper follows another solar cooking approach by evaluating the option of combining an off-grid PV system (PV generator + battery) with very low demand electric cooking appliances. The PV-battery system to supply the load demand for the electric cooking appliances for communities of 50 persons has been calculated. Thereby, the five countries with the highest population without access to electricity have been taken into account: India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nigeria. The levelized energy cost is around 3 c€ per meal or less and the life cycle emissions of the PV-battery system (manufacturing, transport and decommissioning) are around 7 gCO2 per meal.

Rodolfo Dufo-López; Ghassan Zubi; Gian Vincenzo Fracastoro

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

2015 INL TECH BASED ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DONATION REQUEST FORM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

INL TECH BASED ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DONATION REQUEST FORM Regional Economic Development, Entrepreneurship, Technology-Based Economic Development & Innovation Return form to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach Webinar: Jobs and Economic Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach Webinar: Jobs and Economic Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach Webinar: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts of Offshore Wind Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach Webinar: Jobs and Economic Development Impacts of Offshore Wind November 20, 2013 3:00PM EST Online Starting more than a year ago, NREL initiated work to expand the Jobs and Economic Development Impacts (JEDI) model to include fixed-bottom offshore wind technology. Following the completion of the model (and in partnership with the DOE Wind Program, Illinois State University, and James Madison University), NREL supported the analysis of the regional jobs and economic impacts of offshore wind for the Great Lakes, Mid-Atlantic, Southeast, and Gulf Coast regions. The November Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach webinar will provide an overview of the new offshore wind JEDI model and

202

U.S.-MEXICO TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER; BILATERAL TECHNICAL EXCHANGES FOR SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE BORDER REGION  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) maintains a strong commitment to transfer the results of its science and technology programs to the private sector. The intent is to apply innovative and sometimes advanced technologies to address needs while simultaneously stimulating new commercial business opportunities. Such focused “technology transfer” was evident in the late 1990s as the results of DOE investments in environmental management technology development led to new tools for characterizing and remediating contaminated sites as well as handling and minimizing the generation of hazardous wastes. The Department’s Office of Environmental Management was attempting to reduce the cost, accelerate the schedule, and improve the efficacy of clean-up efforts in the nuclear weapons complex. It recognized that resulting technologies had broader world market applications and that their commercialization would further reduce costs and facilitate deployment of improved technology at DOE sites. DOE’s Albuquerque Operations Office (now part of the National Nuclear Security Administration) began in 1995 to build the foundation for a technology exchange program with Mexico. Initial sponsorship for this work was provided by the Department’s Office of Environmental Management. As part of this effort, Applied Sciences Laboratory, Inc. (ASL) was contracted by the DOE Albuquerque office to identify Mexico’s priority environmental management needs, identify and evaluate DOE-sponsored technologies as potential solutions for those needs, and coordinate these opportunities with decision makers from Mexico’s federal government. That work led to an improved understanding of many key environmental challenges that Mexico faces and the many opportunities to apply DOE’s technologies to help resolve them. The above results constituted, in large part, the foundation for an initial DOE-funded program to apply the Department’s technology base to help address some of Mexico’s challenging environmental issues. The results also brought focus to the potential contributions that DOE’s science and technology could make for solving the many difficult, multi-generational problems faced by hundreds of bi-national communities along the 2,000-mile shared border of the United States and Mexico. Efforts to address these U.S.-Mexico border issues were initially sponsored by the DOE’s Albuquerque and Carlsbad offices. In subsequent years, the U.S. Congress directed appropriations to DOE’s Carlsbad office to address public health, safety and security issues prevalent within U.S.-Mexico border communities. With ASL’s assistance, DOE’s Albuquerque office developed contacts and formed partnerships with interested U.S and Mexican government, academic, and commercial organizations. Border industries, industrial effluents, and public health conditions were evaluated and documented. Relevant technologies were then matched to environmental problem sets along the border. Several technologies that were identified and subsequently supported by this effort are now operational in a number of U.S.-Mexico border communities, several communities within Mexico’s interior states, and in other parts of Latin America. As a result, some serious public health threats within these communities caused by exposure to toxic airborne pollutants have been reduced. During this time, DOE’s Carlsbad office hosted a bilateral conference to establish a cross-border consensus on what should be done on the basis of these earlier investigative efforts. Participating border region stakeholders set an agenda for technical collaborations. This agenda was supported by several Members of Congress who provided appropriations and directed DOE’s Carlsbad office to initiate technology demonstration projects. During the following two years, more than 12 private-sector and DOE-sponsored technologies were demonstrated in partnership with numerous border community stakeholders. All technologies were well received and their effectiveness at addressing health, safety and security issues w

Jimenez, Richard, D., Dr.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Simulation of a Polar Low Case in the North Atlantic with different regional numerical models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Matthias Zahn, Hans von Storch University of Hamburg/ GKSS, Matthias.Zahn@gkss.de ABSTRACT In this paper (REgional MOdel) and CLM (CLimate Model) simulations performed at the GKSS with spectral nudging (Feser et

Zahn, Matthias

204

Regional Frequency Analysis at Ungauged Sites with the Generalized Additive Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The log-linear regression model is one of the most commonly used models to estimate flood quantiles at ungauged sites within the regional frequency analysis (RFA) framework. However, hydrological processes are naturally complex in several aspects ...

F. Chebana; C. Charron; T. B. M. J. Ouarda; B. Martel

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

A Diagnostic Analysis of a Long-Term Regional Air Pollutant Transport Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Predicted concentrations from the Regional Air Pollutant Transport (RAPT) model are compared with the corresponding observed values of sulfate, and the results used to define strengths and weaknesses in the model formulation.

Daniel J. McNaughton; Carl M. Berkowitz; Robert C. Williams

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Agent-Based Models of Organizations Handbook of Computational Economics II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Adaptive/Learning Agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 4.3 Adaptation and Evolution of Organizational- classical Economics? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3 Search and Learning.2 Organizational Search with Units Solving Similar Problems . . . . . . 20 3.3 Organizational Search with Units

Niebur, Ernst

207

The Economics Department of Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Economics Initiative Department of Economics #12;Economics at LSE The Department of Economics is the top ranked economics department in Europe and among the top 12 worldwide. It is one of the largest economics departments in the world, with over 60 faculty and 1,000 students and a department which makes

208

The Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) 4-dimensional variational data assimilation systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) 4-dimensional variational data assimilation systems Part during ocean data assimilation was explored when the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) 4-dimensional. This is the third part of a three part series describing the ROMS 4D- Var systems. Ã? 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights

Costa, Daniel P.

209

The Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) 4-dimensional variational data assimilation systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) 4-dimensional variational data assimilation systems Part Article history: Available online xxxx a b s t r a c t The Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) 4 of the various components of ROMS 4D-Var. In par- ticular, we present a comparison of three approaches to 4D

Costa, Daniel P.

210

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Pritchett,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Pritchett, Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Pritchett, 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Pritchett, 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References J. W. Pritchett (2004) Finding Hidden Geothermal Resources In The Basin And Range Using Electrical Survey Techniques- A Computational Feasibility Study Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Modeling-Computer_Simulations_At_Northern_Basin_%26_Range_Region_(Pritchett,_2004)&oldid=401423"

211

Quantifying the Economic Development Impacts of Wind Power in Six Rural Montana Counties Using NRELs JEDI Model  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

September 2004 * NREL/SR-500-36414 September 2004 * NREL/SR-500-36414 M. Costanti Bozeman, Montana Quantifying the Economic Development Impacts of Wind Power in Six Rural Montana Counties Using NREL's JEDI Model Period of Performance: December 1, 2003 - May 31, 2004 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 September 2004 * NREL/SR-500-36414 Quantifying the Economic Development Impacts of Wind Power in Six Rural Montana Counties Using NREL's JEDI Model Period of Performance: December 1, 2003 - May 31, 2004 M. Costanti

212

Analysis of Field Development Strategies of CO2 EOR/Capture Projects Using a Reservoir Simulation Economic Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

($) Drilling cost for one well ($) Facilities cost for one pattern ($) Tubing cost for one well ($) Drilling depth (feet) EIA US Energy Information Administration EOR Enhanced Oil Recovery EOS Equation of State IEA International... in the reservoir ................................................................ 20 Figure 13: Scope of this chapter: definition of the economic model ............................... 21 Figure 14: Spot price of the oil on the WTI market from 1986 to 2013 (EIA...

Saint-Felix, Martin

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

213

Environmental and economic assessment of discharges from Gulf of Mexico region oil and gas operations. Quarterly technical progress report, April 1995--June 1995  

SciTech Connect

Progress is described on the determination of environmental impacts from waste discharges to the aquatic ecosystems from oil and gas operations. Task 2 (Preparation of the Sampling and Analysis Plan) activities involved revisions and additions to the Sampling and Analysis Plan. Task 3 (Environmental Field Sampling and Analysis of NORM, Heavy Metals, and Organics) work included analyses of water, sediment, and tissue samples as well as data management. Task 4 (Monitoring of the Recovery of Impacted Wetland and Open Bay Produced Water Discharge Sites in Coastal Louisiana and Texas) activities involved the continued analyses of samples and conducting field sampling at Bay de Chene. Task 5 (Assessment of Economic Impacts of Offshore and Coastal Discharge Requirements on Present and Future Operations in the Gulf of Mexico Region) activities included preparing a draft final report and review by the Scientific Review Committee (SRC). Task 6 (Synthesis of Gulf of Mexico Seafood Consumption and Use Patterns) work involved the preparation of the draft final report and review by the SRC. Task 7 (Technology Transfer Plan) activities involved the presentation of four papers. Task 8 (Project Management and Deliverables) activities involved the submission of the necessary reports and routine management.

Gettleson, D.A.

1995-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

214

Data-based Construction of Convex Region Surrogate (CRS) Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University Arul Sundaramoorthy, Jose M. Pinto Praxair Inc., Business and Supply Chain Optimization R Model of an Industrial Process. Real process data drawn from a Praxair plant Set 1 0.900 0.062 0

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

215

Why Do Global Long-term Scenarios for Agriculture Differ? An overview of the AgMIP Global Economic Model Intercomparison  

SciTech Connect

Recent studies assessing plausible futures for agricultural markets and global food security have had contradictory outcomes. Ten global economic models that produce long-term scenarios were asked to compare a reference scenario with alternate socio-economic, climate change and bioenergy scenarios using a common set of key drivers. Results suggest that, once general assumptions are harmonized, the variability in general trends across models declines, and that several common conclusions are possible. Nonetheless, differences in basic model parameters, sometimes hidden in the way market behavior is modeled, result in significant differences in the details. This holds for both the common reference scenario and for the various shocks applied. We conclude that agro-economic modelers aiming to inform the agricultural and development policy debate require better data and analysis on both economic behavior and biophysical drivers. More interdisciplinary modeling efforts are required to cross-fertilize analyses at different scales.

von Lampe, Martin; Willenbockel, Dirk; Ahammad, Helal; Blanc, Elodie; Cai, Yongxia; Calvin, Katherine V.; Fujimori, Shinichiro; Hasegawa, Tomoko; Havlik, Petr; Kyle, G. Page; Lotze-Campen, Hermann; Mason d'Croz, Daniel; Nelson, Gerald; Sands, Ronald; Schmitz, Christoph; Tabeau, Andrzej; Valin, Hugo; van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique; van Meijl, Hans

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Modeling-Computer Simulations At General Us Region (Goff & Decker, 1983) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Us Region (Goff & Decker, 1983) Us Region (Goff & Decker, 1983) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At General Us Region (Goff & Decker, 1983) Exploration Activity Details Location General Us Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Review and identification of 24 potential sites for EGS development across the U.S., as well as modeling of the representative geologic systems in which promising EGS sites occur. References Fraser Goff, Edward R. Decker (1983) Candidate Sites For Future Hot Dry Rock Development In The United States Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Modeling-Computer_Simulations_At_General_Us_Region_(Goff_%26_Decker,_1983)&oldid=38761

217

Sandia National Laboratories: economically competitive next generation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

economically competitive next generation biofuels JBEI Updates Techno-Economic Modeling Tools for Biofuels On September 18, 2013, in Biofuels, Biomass, Computational Modeling &...

218

IAEA Planning and Economic Studies Section (PESS) Capacity Building | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IAEA Planning and Economic Studies Section (PESS) Capacity Building IAEA Planning and Economic Studies Section (PESS) Capacity Building Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: IAEA Planning and Economic Studies Section (PESS) Capacity Building Agency/Company /Organization: International Atomic Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Non-renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools, Training materials References: IAEA PESS capacity building[1] Logo: IAEA Planning and Economic Studies Section (PESS) Capacity Building "PESS offers assistance to Member States, particularly from developing regions, to improve their energy system analysis & planning capabilities. Assistance can include: transferring modern planning methods, tools and databanks

219

Borders as membranes :metaphors and models for improved policy in border regions.  

SciTech Connect

Political borders are controversial and contested spaces. In an attempt to better understand movement along and through political borders, this project applied the metaphor of a membrane to look at how people, ideas, and things ''move'' through a border. More specifically, the research team employed this metaphor in a system dynamics framework to construct a computer model to assess legal and illegal migration on the US-Mexico border. Employing a metaphor can be helpful, as it was in this project, to gain different perspectives on a complex system. In addition to the metaphor, the multidisciplinary team utilized an array of methods to gather data including traditional literature searches, an experts workshop, a focus group, interviews, and culling expertise from the individuals on the research team. Results from the qualitative efforts revealed strong social as well as economic drivers that motivate individuals to cross the border legally. Based on the information gathered, the team concluded that legal migration dynamics were of a scope we did not want to consider hence, available demographic models sufficiently capture migration at the local level. Results from both the quantitative and qualitative data searches were used to modify a 1977 border model to demonstrate the dynamic nature of illegal migration. Model runs reveal that current US-policies based on neo-classic economic theory have proven ineffective in curbing illegal migration, and that proposed enforcement policies are also likely to be ineffective. We suggest, based on model results, that improvement in economic conditions within Mexico may have the biggest impact on illegal migration to the U.S. The modeling also supports the views expressed in the current literature suggesting that demographic and economic changes within Mexico are likely to slow illegal migration by 2060 with no special interventions made by either government.

Malczynski, Leonard A.; Passell, Howard David; Forster, Craig B. (University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT); Cockerill, Kristan (Cockerill Consulting, Boone, NC)

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Modeling-Computer Simulations At U.S. West Region (Laney, 2005) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At U.S. West Region Modeling-Computer Simulations At U.S. West Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location U.S. West Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown Notes Characterization and Conceptual Modeling of Magmatically-Heated and Deep-Circulation, High-Temperature Hydrothermal Systems in the Basin and Range and Cordilleran United States, Moore, Nash, Nemcok, Lutz, Norton, Kaspereit, Berard, van de Putte, Johnson and Deymonaz. Utilizing a wealth of formerly proprietary subsurface samples and datasets for exemplary high-temperature western U.S. geothermal systems, develop and publish detailed and refined new conceptual and numerical hydrothermal-history models of fundamental scientific import but, more importantly, of use to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

BA Economics and BA Financial Economics Assessment Plan Program Learning Objectives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BA Economics and BA Financial Economics ­ Assessment Plan Program Learning Objectives The program will prepare graduates: 1. Understand the "economic way model economic decisions. 3. The ability to analyze historical and current events

Cantlon, Jessica F.

222

Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for

223

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Assembling Crustal Geophysical Data for Geothermal Exploration in the Great Basin, Louie and Coolbaugh. We have compiled velocity information from sources in the literature, results of previous seismic experiments and earthquake-monitoring projects, and data donated from mining, geothermal, and petroleum companies. We also collected (May 2002 and August 2004) two

224

Integrated modelling and assessment of regional groundwater resources in Germany and Benin, West Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Integrated modelling and assessment of regional groundwater resources in Germany and Benin, West.J.S. SONNEVELD [1] Institute of Hydraulic Engineering, Universitaet Stuttgart, Germany (Roland Conservation University of Bonn, Germany [3] Institute of Landscape Planning and Ecology, University

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

225

High-Speed Extraction Model of Interest Region in the Parcel Image of Large Size  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with a model for the high-speed extraction of ROI (Region Of Interest) during the process of logistics transported on conveyor belt. The objective of this paper is to extract various ROIs from...

Moon-sung Park; Il-sook Kim; Eun-kyung Cho…

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Land-use change trajectories up to 2050: insights from a global agro-economic model comparison  

SciTech Connect

Changes in agricultural land use have important implications for environmental services. Previous studies of agricultural land-use futures have been published indicating large uncertainty due to different model assumptions and methodologies. In this article we present a first comprehensive comparison of global agro-economic models that have harmonized drivers of population, GDP, and biophysical yields. The comparison allows us to ask two research questions: (1) How much cropland will be used under different socioeconomic and climate change scenarios? (2) How can differences in model results be explained? The comparison includes four partial and six general equilibrium models that differ in how they model land supply and amount of potentially available land. We analyze results of two different socioeconomic scenarios and three climate scenarios (one with constant climate). Most models (7 out of 10) project an increase of cropland of 10–25% by 2050 compared to 2005 (under constant climate), but one model projects a decrease. Pasture land expands in some models, which increase the treat on natural vegetation further. Across all models most of the cropland expansion takes place in South America and sub-Saharan Africa. In general, the strongest differences in model results are related to differences in the costs of land expansion, the endogenous productivity responses, and the assumptions about potential cropland.

Schmitz, Christoph; van Meijl, Hans; Kyle, G. Page; Nelson, Gerald C.; Fujimori, Shinichiro; Gurgel, Angelo; Havlik, Petr; Heyhoe, Edwina; Mason d'Croz, Daniel; Popp, Alexander; Sands, Ronald; Tabeau, Andrzej; van der Mensbrugghe, Dominique; von Lampe, Martin; Wise, Marshall A.; Blanc, Elodie; Hasegawa, Tomoko; Kavallari, Aikaterini; Valin, Hugo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Critical region for an Ising model coupled to causal dynamical triangulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A lower and an upper bound are established upon a critical curve for the (annealed) Ising model coupled to two-dimensional causal dynamical triangulations. Using the Fortuin-Kasteleyn (FK) representation of quantum Ising models via path integrals, we determine a region in the quadrant of parameters $\\beta, \\mu>0$ where the critical curve can be located. Moreover, this approach serves to outline a region where the infinite-volume Gibbs measure exist and is unique and a region where the finite-volume Gibbs measure has no weak limit. We also provide lower and upper bounds for the infinite-volume free energy.

José Cerda Hernández

2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

228

Developing Livestock Facility Type Information from USDA Agricultural Census Data for Use in Epidemiological and Economic Models  

SciTech Connect

The epidemiological and economic modeling of livestock diseases requires knowing the size, location, and operational type of each livestock facility within the US. At the present time, the only national database of livestock facilities that is available to the general public is the USDA's 2002 Agricultural Census data, published by the National Agricultural Statistics Service, herein referred to as the 'NASS data.' The NASS data provides facility data at the county level for various livestock types (i.e., beef cows, milk cows, cattle on feed, other cattle, total hogs and pigs, sheep and lambs, milk goats, and angora goats). However, the number and sizes of facilities for the various livestock types are not independent since some facilities have more than one type of livestock, and some livestock are of more than one type (e.g., 'other cattle' that are being fed for slaughter are also 'cattle on feed'). In addition, any data tabulated by NASS that could identify numbers of animals or other data reported by an individual respondent is suppressed by NASS and coded with a 'D.'. To be useful for epidemiological and economic modeling, the NASS data must be converted into a unique set of facility types (farms having similar operational characteristics). The unique set must not double count facilities or animals. At the same time, it must account for all the animals, including those for which the data has been suppressed. Therefore, several data processing steps are required to work back from the published NASS data to obtain a consistent database for individual livestock operations. This technical report documents data processing steps that were used to convert the NASS data into a national livestock facility database with twenty-eight facility types. The process involves two major steps. The first step defines the rules used to estimate the data that is suppressed within the NASS database. The second step converts the NASS livestock types into the operational facility types used by the epidemiological and economic model. Comparison of the resulting database with an independent survey of farms in central California shows excellent agreement between the numbers of farms for the various facility types. This suggests that the NASS data are well suited for providing a consistent set of county-level information on facility numbers and sizes that can be used in epidemiological and economic models.

Melius, C; Robertson, A; Hullinger, P

2006-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

229

Economic Assessment and Impacts Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles on Electric Utilities And Regional U.S. Power Grids  

SciTech Connect

Part 2 provides an economic assessment of the impacts of PHEV adoption on vehicle owners and on electric utilities. The paper finds favorable impacts on LCC to vehicle owners, and average costs of power for both types of utilities.

Scott, Michael J.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Elliott, Douglas B.; Warwick, William M.

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

230

Economic Assessment And Impacts Assessment Of Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles On Electric Utilities And Regional U.S. Power Grids  

SciTech Connect

Part 2 provides an economic assessment of the impacts of PHEV adoption on vehicle owners and on electric utilities. The paper finds favorable impacts on LCC to vehicle owners, and average costs of power for both types of utilities.

Scott, Michael J.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Elliott, Douglas B.; Warwick, William M.

2007-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

231

User-Friendly Tool to Calculate Economic Impacts from Coal, Natural Gas, and Wind: The Expanded Jobs and Economic Development Impact Model (JEDI II); Preprint  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we examine the impacts of building new coal, gas, or wind plants in three states: Colorado, Michigan, and Virginia. Our findings indicate that local/state economic impacts are directly related to the availability and utilization of local industries and services to build and operate the power plant. For gas and coal plants, the economic benefit depends significantly on whether the fuel is obtained from within the state, out of state, or some combination. We also find that the taxes generated by power plants can have a significant impact on local economies via increased expenditures on public goods.

Tegen, S.; Goldberg, M.; Milligan, M.

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

EFFECT OF THE MODEL CORRELATING STRUCTURAL DAMAGE TO REPAIRING COST ON LIFE CYCLE ECONOMIC LOSS ESTIMATION OF BUILDING STRUCTURES IN HIGH SEISMIC ZONE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

correlating the damage to repairing cost on the life cycle loss using a simple model. Buildings are modeledEFFECT OF THE MODEL CORRELATING STRUCTURAL DAMAGE TO REPAIRING COST ON LIFE CYCLE ECONOMIC LOSS ESTIMATION OF BUILDING STRUCTURES IN HIGH SEISMIC ZONE Noriyuki TAKAHASHI, Hitoshi SHIOHARA, and Shunsuke

Shiohara, Hitoshi

233

Hybrid thermal model for swimming pools based on artificial neural networks for southeast region of Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nowadays, the usage of systems based on solar energy have been largely stimulated. The correct designing and efficiency of these systems are highly dependent of the seasonal climatic characteristics of the regions where they will be installed. In this ... Keywords: Artificial neural networks, Hybrid models, Renewable energy, Solar energy systems, Thermal model of pool

Enock T. Santos; Luis E. ZáRate; Elizabeth M. D. Pereira

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

A Multi-Model Assessment of Regional Climate Disparities Caused by Solar Geoengineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A Multi-Model Assessment of Regional Climate Disparities Caused by Solar Geoengineering Brunswick, NJ. 5 Canadian Centre for Climate Modeling and Analysis, Environment Canada, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 6 School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

Robock, Alan

235

Abundance determinations in HII regions: model fitting versus Te-method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discrepancy between the oxygen abundances in high-metallicity HII regions determined through the Te-method (and/or through the corresponding "strong lines - oxygen abundance" calibration) and that determined through the model fitting (and/or through the corresponding "strong lines - oxygen abundance" calibration) is discussed. It is suggested to use the interstellar oxygen abundance in the solar vicinity, derived with very high precision from the high-resolution observations of the weak interstellar absorption lines towards the stars, as a "Rosetta stone" to verify the validity of the oxygen abundances derived in HII regions with the Te-method at high abundances. The agreement between the value of the oxygen abundance at the solar galactocentric distance traced by the abundances derived in HII regions through the Te-method and that derived from the interstellar absorption lines towards the stars is strong evidence in favor of that i) the two-zone model for Te seems to be a realistic interpretation of the temperature structure within HII regions, and ii) the classic Te-method provides accurate oxygen abundances in HII regions. It has been concluded that the "strong lines - oxygen abundance" calibrations must be based on the HII regions with the oxygen abundances derived with the Te-method but not on the existing grids of the models for HII regions.

L. S. Pilyugin

2002-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

236

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Blackwell, Et  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer Simulations At Nw Basin & Range Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Developed natural state mass and energy transport fluid flow models of generic Basin and Range systems based on Dixie Valley data that help to

237

Regional flood hydrology in a semi-arid catchment using a GLS regression model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary The regional flood frequency hydrology of the 86,000 km2 and semi-arid Ebro catchment is investigated using an extended generalised least square model that includes separate descriptions for sampling errors and model errors. The Ebro catchment is characterised by large hydro-climatic heterogeneities among sub-regions. However, differences in flood processes among sites are better explained by a set of new catchment descriptors introduced into hydrological regression models, such as new characteristics derived from the slope of flow duration curves, the ratio of mean annual precipitation to extreme precipitations and the aridity index. These additions enabled a more direct link to be established between the general flow regime and the extreme flood characteristics through-out the entire catchment. The new regression models developed in this study were compared to a set of existing models recommended for flood frequency estimation in Spain. It was found that the generalised least squares model developed in this study improves the existing ordinary least squares models both at regional and trans-regional scales. An adequate description of flood processes is obtained and, as a direct consequence, more reliable flood predictions in ungauged catchments are achieved.

Luis Mediero; Thomas R. Kjeldsen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Sensitivity of economic performance of the nuclear fuel cycle to simulation modeling assumptions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparing different nuclear fuel cycles and assessing their implications require a fuel cycle simulation model as complete and realistic as possible. In this thesis, methodological implications of modeling choices are ...

Bonnet, Nicéphore

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Modelling the economic and social consequences of drought under future projections of climate change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, China, Ethiopia, India, Spain/Portugal and the USA. Future projections of drought magnitude for 2003-2050 were modelled using the integrated assessment model CIAS (Community Integrated Assessment System), for a range of climate and emission scenarios...

Jenkins, Katie L.

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

240

Engineering Economics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of these review notes is to provide a refresher in the major topics of Engineering Economics. Engineering economics deals with determining from a number of technically acceptable alternatives the o...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Economic evaluation of a residential photovoltaic system based on a probability model using actual meteorological data  

SciTech Connect

To design a photovoltaic (PV) generation system economically, it is necessary to use date of the total insolation on a horizontal surface. However, such data is only the total daily values and does not represent the power variation caused by the cloud cover. This paper presents the probability method which represents not only the average but also the variance of the PV generation power, and shows simulated results using this methodology. This study's results indicate that the distribution of the PV power divided by the estimated value of the total insolation on a tilted surface is similar to a normal distribution and that a residential (privately-owned) system without storage, whose PV capacity is more than 2 kWp, has little effect upon the reduction of the energy of an average Japanese household.

Sutoh, T.; Suzuki, H.; Sekine, Y.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Toward Novel Hybrid Biomass, Coal, and Natural Gas Processes for Satisfying Current Transportation Fuel Demands, 1: Process Alternatives, Gasification Modeling, Process Simulation, and Economic Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Toward Novel Hybrid Biomass, Coal, and Natural Gas Processes for Satisfying Current Transportation Fuel Demands, 1: Process Alternatives, Gasification Modeling, Process Simulation, and Economic Analysis ... This paper, which is the first part of a series of papers, introduces a hybrid coal, biomass, and natural gas to liquids (CBGTL) process that can produce transportation fuels in ratios consistent with current U.S. transportation fuel demands. ... Steady-state process simulation results based on Aspen Plus are presented for the seven process alternatives with a detailed economic analysis performed using the Aspen Process Economic Analyzer and unit cost functions obtained from literature. ...

Richard C. Baliban; Josephine A. Elia; Christodoulos A. Floudas

2010-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

243

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Northern Basin & Range Region (Blackwell,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northern Basin & Northern Basin & Range Region (Blackwell, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Developed natural state mass and energy transport fluid flow models of generic Basin and Range systems based on Dixie Valley data that help to understand the nature of large scale constraints on the location and characteristics of the geothermal systems References D. D. Blackwell, K. W. Wisian, M. C. Richards, Mark Leidig, Richard Smith, Jason McKenna (2003) Geothermal Resource Analysis And Structure Of Basin And Range Systems, Especially Dixie Valley Geothermal Field, Nevada Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Modeling-Computer_Simulations_At_Northern_Basin_%26_Range_Region_(Blackwell,_Et_Al.,_2003)&oldid=401422

244

Economic Model For a Return on Investment Analysis of United States Government High Performance Computing (HPC) Research and Development (R & D) Investment  

SciTech Connect

This study investigated how high-performance computing (HPC) investments can improve economic success and increase scientific innovation. This research focused on the common good and provided uses for DOE, other government agencies, industry, and academia. The study created two unique economic models and an innovation index: 1 A macroeconomic model that depicts the way HPC investments result in economic advancements in the form of ROI in revenue (GDP), profits (and cost savings), and jobs. 2 A macroeconomic model that depicts the way HPC investments result in basic and applied innovations, looking at variations by sector, industry, country, and organization size. ? A new innovation index that provides a means of measuring and comparing innovation levels. Key findings of the pilot study include: IDC collected the required data across a broad set of organizations, with enough detail to create these models and the innovation index. The research also developed an expansive list of HPC success stories.

Joseph, Earl C.; Conway, Steve; Dekate, Chirag

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

245

Modeling the determinants of industry political power: industry winners in the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study uses qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) to examine the basis of industry political power by assessing conditions of economic interdependence and political action associated with the passage of the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981...

Kardell, Amy Louise

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

246

Exploring the extension of item response theory models to the economic and social measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper has a methodological focus and is aimed at exploring the advantages of using the Item Response Theory (IRT) models in the measurement of financial strain. Basically, the IRT models allow deriving a latent measure and a scale from a set of ... Keywords: item response theory, multivariate probit regression, parameters

Raileanu Szeles Monica

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

ECONOMIC MODELING OF CO2 CAPTURE AND SEQUESTRATION Sean Biggs, Howard Herzog, John Reilly, Henry Jacoby  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of carbon capture and sequestration technologies using the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model. We model two of the most promising carbon capture and sequestration technologies, one, technological, and social issues of carbon capture and sequestration technologies. In 1997, the President

248

Development of a techno-economic model to optimization DOE spent nuclear fuel disposition  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the National Spent Nuclear Fuel (NSNF) Program conducted by Lockheed Martin Idaho Technology Co. (LMITCO) at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) is to evaluate what to do with the spent nuclear fuel (SNF) in the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. Final disposition of the SNF may require that the fuel be treated to minimize material concerns. The treatments may range from electrometallurgical treatment and chemical dissolution to engineering controls. Treatment options and treatment locations will depend on the fuel type and the current locations of the fuel. One of the first steps associated with selecting one or more sites for treating the SNF in the DOE complex is to determine the cost of each option. An economic analysis will assist in determining which fuel treatment alternative attains the optimum disposition of SNF at the lowest possible cost to the government and the public. For this study, a set of questions was developed for the electrometallurgical treatment process for fuels at several locations. The set of questions addresses all issues associated with the design, construction, and operation of a production facility. A matrix table was developed to determine questions applicable to various fuel treatment options. A work breakdown structure (WBS) was developed to identify a treatment process and costs from initial design to shipment of treatment products to final disposition. Costs will be applied to determine the life-cycle cost of each option. This technique can also be applied to other treatment techniques for treating spent nuclear fuel.

Ramer, R.J.; Plum, M.M.; Adams, J.P.; Dahl, C.A.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Development of a Techno-Economic Model to Optimize DOE Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposition  

SciTech Connect

The National Spent Nuclear Fuel (NSNF) Program is evaluating final disposition of spent nuclear fuel (SNE) in the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. Final disposition of SNF may require that the fuel be treated to minimize material concerns. The treatments may range from electrometallurgical treatment (EMT) and chemical dissolution to engineering controls. Treatment options and treatment locations will depend on fuel type and location of the fuel. One of the first steps associated with selecting one or more sites for treating SNF in the DOE complex is to determine the cost of each option. An economic analysis will assist in determining which fuel treatment alternative attains the optimum disposition of SNF at the lowest possible cost to the government and the public. For this study, a set of questions was developed for the EMT process for fuels at several locations. The set of questions addresses all issues associated with design, construction, and operation of a production facility. A matrix table was developed to determine questions applicable to various fuel treatment options. A work breakdown structure (WBS) was developed to identify a treatment process and costs from initial design to shipment of treatment products to final disposition. Costs can be applied to determine the life cycle cost of each option. This technique can also be applied to other treatment techniques for treating SNF.

Ramer, R. J.; Plum, M. M.; Adams, J. P.; Dahl, C. A.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Modeling the Dispersal of an Active Region: Quantifying Energy Input into the Corona  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a new technique for modeling nonlinear force-free fields directly from line-of-sight magnetogram observations is presented. The technique uses sequences of magnetograms directly as lower boundary conditions to drive the evolution of coronal magnetic fields between successive force-free equilibria over long periods of time. It is illustrated by applying it to SOHO: MDI observations of a decaying active region, NOAA AR 8005. The active region is modeled during a four-day period around its central meridian passage. Over this time, the dispersal of the active region is dominated by random motions due to small-scale convective cells. Through studying the buildup of magnetic energy in the model, it is found that such small-scale motions may inject anywhere from (2.5-3) ? 1025 erg s–1 of free magnetic energy into the coronal field. Most of this energy is stored within the center of the active region in the low corona, below 30 Mm. After four days, the buildup of free energy is 10% that of the corresponding potential field. This energy buildup is sufficient to explain the radiative losses at coronal temperatures within the active region. Small-scale convective motions therefore play an integral part in the energy balance of the corona. This new technique has wide ranging applications with the new high-resolution, high-cadence observations from the SDO:HMI and SDO:AIA instruments.

Duncan H. Mackay; L. M. Green; Aad van Ballegooijen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Design of a next-generation regional weather research and forecast model.  

SciTech Connect

The Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) model is a new model development effort undertaken jointly by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and a number of collaborating institutions and university scientists. The model is intended for use by operational NWP and university research communities, providing a common framework for idealized dynamical studies, fill physics numerical weather prediction, air-quality simulation, and regional climate. It will eventually supersede large, well-established but aging regional models now maintained by the participating institutions. The WRF effort includes re-engineering the underlying software architecture to produce a modular, flexible code designed from the outset to provide portable performance across diverse computing architectures. This paper outlines key elements of the WRF software design.

Michalakes, J.

1999-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

252

A reduced-form statistical climate model suitable for coupling with economic emissions projections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we use models based on past data and scientific analysis to determine possible future states of the environment. We attempt to improve the equations for temperature and greenhouse gas concentration used in ...

Rabin, Gregory S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with combustion model using leftover char or diverted syngascombustion is dropped in pressure across an expander to generate power. On the syngascombustion when CCS is required. It is obvious that removal of CO 2 from pressurized syngas

Lu, Xiaoming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

SciTech Connect: Offshore Wind Jobs and Economic Development...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Offshore Wind Jobs and Economic Development Impact: Four Regional Scenarios (Presentation) Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Offshore Wind Jobs and Economic Development...

255

Hybrid thermal model for swimming pools based on artificial neural networks for southeast region of Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nowadays, the usage of systems based on solar energy have been largely stimulated. The correct designing and efficiency of these systems are highly dependent of the seasonal climatic characteristics of the regions where they will be installed. In this work, we propose a hybrid structure to simulate the thermodynamic behavior of pools, which uses neural computational models to incorporate the climatic information of the regions being analyzed. The neural models have as input variables data of geographic position such as: elevation, latitude and longitude, what permits to delineate the climatic profile of the region being considered. The human activity is another factor that directly influences the thermodynamic behavior of pools and, therefore, is also considered. In this work, changes of volume are estimated in order to track losses due to the human activity.

Enock T. Santos; Luis E. Zárate; Elizabeth M.D. Pereira

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Evaluation Model for Safety Capacity of Chemical Industrial Park Based on Acceptable Regional Risk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The paper defines the Safety Capacity of Chemical Industrial Park (SCCIP) from the perspective of acceptable regional risk. For the purpose to explore the evaluation model for the SCCIP, a method based on quantitative risk assessment was adopted for evaluating transport risk and to confirm reasonable safety transport capacity for chemical industrial park, and then by combining with the safety storage capacity,a SCCIP evaluation model was put forward. The SCCIP was decided by the smaller one between the largest safety storage capacity and the maximum safety transport capacity, or else, the regional risk of the park will exceed the acceptable level. The developed method was applied to a chemical industrial park in Guangdong province to obtain the maximum safety transport capacity and the SCCIP. The results can be realized the regional risk control to the Park effectively.

Guohua Chen; Shukun Wang; Xiaoqun Tan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Diagnostics for near-surface wind response to the Gulf Stream in a regional atmospheric model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanisms acting on near-surface winds over the Gulf Stream are diagnosed using 5-year outputs of a regional atmospheric model. The diagnostics for the surface-layer momentum vector, its curl, and its convergence are developed with a clear ...

Kohei Takatama; Shoshiro Minobe; Masaru Inatsu; R. Justin Small

258

A MODIFIED GAMBLER'S RUIN MODEL POLYETHYLENE CHAINS IN THE AMORPHOUS REGION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A MODIFIED GAMBLER'S RUIN MODEL OF POLYETHYLENE CHAINS IN THE AMORPHOUS REGION Zhong­Hui Duan and Louis N. Howard Department of Mathematics The Florida State University ABSTRACT. Polyethylene chainsM 3 +O(M 2 ). INTRODUCTION Semicrystalline polyethylene formed from melt generally consists

Aluffi, Paolo

259

Regional Characterization of Freshwater Use in LCA: Modeling Direct Impacts on Human Health  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Regional Characterization of Freshwater Use in LCA: Modeling Direct Impacts on Human Health ... Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a methodology that quantifies potential environmental impacts for comparative purposes in a decision-making context. ... While potential environmental impacts from pollutant emissions into water are characterized in LCA, impacts from water unavailability are not yet fully quantified. ...

Anne-Marie Boulay; Cécile Bulle; Jean-Baptiste Bayart; Louise Deschênes; Manuele Margni

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

260

Optimized regional and interannual variability of lightning in a global chemical transport model constrained  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to remove their diurnal sampling bias, we construct a monthly time series of lightning flash rates for 1998, D20307, doi:10.1029/2012JD017934. 1. Introduction [2] The extreme heat in a lightning flash channelOptimized regional and interannual variability of lightning in a global chemical transport model

Jacob, Daniel J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Overview of Avista GHG Modeling NPCC Greenhouse Gas and the Regional Power System Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6/5/2013 1 Overview of Avista GHG Modeling NPCC Greenhouse Gas and the Regional Power System Pricing $70 $80 Weighted Average Expected Case 2020 Hi h GHG P i i C $20 $30 $40 $50 $60 dollarspermetricton 2020 High GHG Pricing Case 2020 Low GHG Pricing Case 2025 High GHG Pricing Case 2025 Low GHG

262

Resampling of regional climate model output for the simulation of extreme river flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the simulation of extreme river flows. This is important to assess the impact of climate change on river flooding biases in the RCM data, the simulated extreme flood quantiles correspond quite well with those obtainedResampling of regional climate model output for the simulation of extreme river flows Robert

Haak, Hein

263

High-Speed extraction model of interest region in the parcel image of large size  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with a model for the high-speed extraction of ROI (Region Of Interest) during the process of logistics transported on conveyor belt. The objective of this paper is to extract various ROIs from large size image of logistics more than ...

Moon-sung Park; Il-sook Kim; Eun-kyung Cho; Young-hee Kwon; Jong-heung Park

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Influence of spatial resolution on regional climate model derived wind climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of northern Europe is more profound in the wind extremes than in the central tendency. The domain are of similar magnitude to the climate change signal in extreme wind events derived in prior research and mayInfluence of spatial resolution on regional climate model derived wind climates S. C. Pryor,1 G

Pryor, Sara C.

265

Economic Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transmitted to the Congress February 2008 Transmitted to the Congress February 2008 Together with the Annual Report of the Council of Economic Advisers Economic Report of the President Economic Report of the President For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov Phone: (866) 512-1800; DC area (202) 512-1800 ISBN 978-0-16-079822-1 Transmitted to the Congress February 2008 together with THE ANNUAL REPORT of the COUNCIL OF ECONOMIC ADVISERS UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON : 2008 Fax: (202) 512-2104 Mail Stop: IDCC, Washington, DC 20402-0001 C O N T E N T S ECONOMIC REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT ............................................. ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COUNCIL OF ECONOMIC ADVISERS* ...

266

Development of the Mathematics of Learning Curve Models for Evaluating Small Modular Reactor Economics  

SciTech Connect

The cost of nuclear power is a straightforward yet complicated topic. It is straightforward in that the cost of nuclear power is a function of the cost to build the nuclear power plant, the cost to operate and maintain it, and the cost to provide fuel for it. It is complicated in that some of those costs are not necessarily known, introducing uncertainty into the analysis. For large light water reactor (LWR)-based nuclear power plants, the uncertainty is mainly contained within the cost of construction. The typical costs of operations and maintenance (O&M), as well as fuel, are well known based on the current fleet of LWRs. However, the last currently operating reactor to come online was Watts Bar 1 in May 1996; thus, the expected construction costs for gigawatt (GW)-class reactors in the United States are based on information nearly two decades old. Extrapolating construction, O&M, and fuel costs from GW-class LWRs to LWR-based small modular reactors (SMRs) introduces even more complication. The per-installed-kilowatt construction costs for SMRs are likely to be higher than those for the GW-class reactors based on the property of the economy of scale. Generally speaking, the economy of scale is the tendency for overall costs to increase slower than the overall production capacity. For power plants, this means that doubling the power production capacity would be expected to cost less than twice as much. Applying this property in the opposite direction, halving the power production capacity would be expected to cost more than half as much. This can potentially make the SMRs less competitive in the electricity market against the GW-class reactors, as well as against other power sources such as natural gas and subsidized renewables. One factor that can potentially aid the SMRs in achieving economic competitiveness is an economy of numbers, as opposed to the economy of scale, associated with learning curves. The basic concept of the learning curve is that the more a new process is repeated, the more efficient the process can be made. Assuming that efficiency directly relates to cost means that the more a new process is repeated successfully and efficiently, the less costly the process can be made. This factor ties directly into the factory fabrication and modularization aspect of the SMR paradigm—manufacturing serial, standardized, identical components for use in nuclear power plants can allow the SMR industry to use the learning curves to predict and optimize deployment costs.

Harrison, T. J. [ORNL

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Estuary (Buoy 10) Figure 7: The Fisheries Economic Assessment Model Process Figure 8: Columbia RiverIEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board Roger Mann, Chair Noelwah R. Netusil, Vice-Chair Kenneth L. Casavant Daniel D. Huppert Joel R. Hamilton Lon L. Peters Susan S. Hanna Hans Radtke A I - 1 Economic

268

Economic Man'' Dominate Social Behavior?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When Does `` Economic Man'' Dominate Social Behavior? Colin F. Camerer1 * and Ernst Fehr2,3 The canonical model in economics considers people to be rational and self-regarding. However, much evidence challenges this view, raising the question of when `` Economic Man'' dominates the outcome of social

Greer, Julia R.

269

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Fire Management Plan at Regional Scale in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

protection (L.353/2000) is presented. In particular the main features of the recent regional fire management of the fire management plan are reported, together with the criteria followed to define the protection at regional scale are based on the wildland fire protection national law L. 353/2000. This regulation

Standiford, Richard B.

270

Improving the Contribution of Economic Models in Evaluating Industrial Energy Efficiency Improvements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditional representation of improved end-use efficiency in the manufacturing sector has tended to assume “a net cost” perspective. In other words, the assumption for many models is that any change within the energy end-use patterns must imply a...

Laitner, J. A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The enthalpy model for coal and ash, the nonconventional3 H 2 S O 2 N 2 Sand Char Ash Coal Stream Number Within theH2S SO2 SAND MDEA ASH Coal CERT-2 Table E.3. Gasification

Lu, Xiaoming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Wetland model in an earth systems modeling framework for regional environmental policy analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this research is to investigate incorporating a wetland component into a land energy and water fluxes model, the Community Land Model (CLM). CLM is the land fluxes component of the Integrated Global Systems ...

Awadalla, Sirein Salah

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

NREL: Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) Model - Unique Value of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Unique Value of ReEDS Unique Value of ReEDS Spatial Resolution and Variability Consideration The Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model has singular capabilities that differentiate it from other models and that make it uniquely suitable for certain types of analyses. While ReEDS can model all types of power generators and fuels-coal, gas, nuclear, renewables-it was designed primarily to address considerations for integrating renewable electric technologies into the power grid. In particular, it was designed to address the variable resource issues associated with solar and wind power as well as the remote nature of many of the best wind resources and their need for transmission. These capabilities require the two primary structural elements of ReEDS-a multiplicity of regions and a

274

Conceptual model for regional radionuclide transport from a salt dome repository: a technical memorandum  

SciTech Connect

Disposal of high-level radioactive wastes is a major environmental problem influencing further development of nuclear energy in this country. Salt domes in the Gulf Coast Basin are being investigated as repository sites. A major concern is geologic and hydrologic stability of candidate domes and potential transport of radionuclides by groundwater to the biosphere prior to their degradation to harmless levels of activity. This report conceptualizes a regional geohydrologic model for transport of radionuclides from a salt dome repository. The model considers transport pathways and the physical and chemical changes that would occur through time prior to the radionuclides reaching the biosphere. Necessary, but unknown inputs to the regional model involve entry and movement of fluids through the repository dome and across the dome-country rock interface and the effect on the dome and surrounding strata of heat generated by the radioactive wastes.

Kier, R.S.; Showalter, P.A.; Dettinger, M.D.

1980-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

275

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At Walker-Lane Modeling-Computer Simulations At Walker-Lane Transitional Zone Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Modeling-Computer Simulations Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Assembling Crustal Geophysical Data for Geothermal Exploration in the Great Basin, Louie and Coolbaugh. We have compiled velocity information from sources in the literature, results of previous seismic experiments and earthquake-monitoring projects, and data donated from mining, geothermal, and petroleum companies. We also collected (May 2002 and August 2004) two new crustal refraction profiles across western Nevada and the northern and central Sierra. These sections had not been well characterized previously.

276

Modelling Danish local CHP on market conditions 1 IAEE European Conference: Modelling in Energy Economics and Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modelling Danish local CHP on market conditions 1 6th IAEE European Conference: Modelling in Energy been a significant growth of wind power, particularly in the Western Danish system. As both the power produced by the local CHPs and the wind power are prioritised, the production of these types of power

277

Economic Crisis and the Logistics Industry: Financial Insecurity for Warehouse Workers in the Inland Empire  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growing the SACOG Region’s Logistics Sector: How Much, HowEconomic Crisis and the Logistics Industry Acknowledgements13 Economic Crisis and the Logistics Industry: Financial

Bonacich, Edna; De Lara, Juan David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

WINDExchange: Wind Energy Regional Resource Centers  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Bookmark and Share Regional Resource Centers About Economic Development Siting Wind Energy Regional Resource Centers The U.S. Department of Energy's Regional Resource Centers...

279

On the economic potential for electric load management in the German residential heating sector – An optimising energy system model approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Against the background of the ambitious German targets for renewable energy and energy efficiency, this paper investigates the economic potential for thermal load management with virtual power plants consisting of micro-cogeneration plants, heat pumps and thermal storage within the residential sector. An optimising energy system model of the electricity and residential heat supply in Germany is developed in the TIMES (The Integrated MARKAL EFOM System) modelling framework and used to determine capacity developments and dispatch of electricity and residential heat generation technologies until 2050. The analysed scenarios differ with respect to the rate of technological development of heat and power devices, fuel and CO2 prices as well as renewable electricity expansion. Results show that high fuel prices and a high renewable electricity expansion favour heat pumps and insulation measures over micro-cogeneration, whereas lower fuel prices and lower renewable electricity expansion relatively favour the expansion of micro-cogeneration. In the former case heat pump capacities increase to around 67 GWel, whereas in the latter case the total capacity of micro-cogeneration reaches 8 GWel. With the aid of thermal storage, this provides considerable flexibility for electrical load shifting through heat pumps and electricity generation from micro-cogeneration in residential applications, needed for the integration of fluctuating renewable electricity technologies.

Daniel Fehrenbach; Erik Merkel; Russell McKenna; Ute Karl; Wolf Fichtner

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF A WIDE AREA RELEASE OF ANTHRAX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF A WIDE AREA RELEASE OF ANTHRAX May 2009 Prepared Regional Technology Center for Homeland Security Economic Impacts of a Wide Area Release of Anthrax KS .................................................................................................................................................. 1 Categories of Economic Impacts

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Where in cities do "rich" and "poor" people live? The urban economics model Rmi Lemoya,b,c,d, Charles Rauxa,, Pablo Jensenb,c  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction In a widely cited paper, Jan K. Brueckner, Jacques-François Thisse and Yves Zenou (1999) asked this indeterminacy Brueckner, Thisse and Zenou propose an amenity-based theory which links location of income groups is to enrich the approach of Brueckner, Thisse and Zenou, based on the AMM urban economics model. We show

Boyer, Edmond

282

31 - Economizers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Economizers for boilers have been available for nearly 150 years, almost as long as boilers themselves. For modem shell boilers, high efficiencies have made it difficult to justify the use of an economizer, the final decision being based in terms of payback period, which is also dependent on fuel prices. Watertube boilers need an economizer section in the gas passes in order to obtain satisfactory efficiency. The economizer is integrated into the overall design, normally between the convective super-heater and the air heater if fitted. In shell boilers with a working pressure of between 7 and 17 bar the temperature of the mass of water in the boiler is typically in the range of 170-210°C. Allowing for a temperature difference of 30-50°C between the exhaust gases and the water temperature, the boiler exit gas temperature cannot be economically reduced beneath about 200-260°C, dependent on the operating pressure. It becomes necessary to modify the process principles to achieve further heat utilization and recovery. By using an economizer this is done by conducting the feedwater supply to the economizer wherein the exhaust gas passes over tubes carrying the feedwater. The feedwater represents a further cooling medium for the exhaust gases and provides the potential for the extra heat utilization.

Colin French

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Assessing the Capability of a Regional-Scale Weather Model to Simulate Extreme Precipitation Patterns and Flooding in Central Texas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A regional-scale weather model is used to determine the potential for flood forecasting based on model-predicted rainfall. Extreme precipitation and flooding events are a significant concern in central Texas, due to both the high occurrence and ...

Marla R. Knebl Lowrey; Zong-Liang Yang

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Economic Viability Under Frozen Conflict:.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The thesis attempts at assessing dynamics of economic viability of Moldova’s break-away region Transnistria living under frozen conflict. By assuming that Transnistria is a small… (more)

Sabor, Iryna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Hierarchical Modeling of Variability in Regional Climate Models Using Markov Random Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ensembles, are used to explore the uncertainties associated with projections of climate change (ANOVA), climate model ensembles, un- certainty quantification. 1 Geophysical Statistics Project the Earth's climate and producing projections of climate change. They encapsulate an entire field

Kaufman, Cari

286

FINANCIAL ECONOMICS RESOURCE ECONOMICS AND POLICY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ECONOMICS FINANCIAL ECONOMICS RESOURCE ECONOMICS AND POLICY Program of Study The School of Economics at the University of Maine provides excellent opportunities for graduate students to study applied economics, financial economics, and policy analysis. The School of Economics administers the Master

Thomas, Andrew

287

A model for the formation of the active region corona driven by magnetic flux emergence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first model that couples the formation of the corona of a solar active region to a model of the emergence of a sunspot pair. This allows us to study when, where, and why active region loops form, and how they evolve. We use a 3D radiation MHD simulation of the emergence of an active region through the upper convection zone and the photosphere as a lower boundary for a 3D MHD coronal model. The latter accounts for the braiding of the magnetic fieldlines, which induces currents in the corona heating up the plasma. We synthesize the coronal emission for a direct comparison to observations. Starting with a basically field-free atmosphere we follow the filling of the corona with magnetic field and plasma. Numerous individually identifiable hot coronal loops form, and reach temperatures well above 1 MK with densities comparable to observations. The footpoints of these loops are found where small patches of magnetic flux concentrations move into the sunspots. The loop formation is triggered by an incr...

Chen, F; Bingert, S; Cheung, M C M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Environmental and economic assessment of discharges from Gulf of Mexico region oil and gas operations. Quarterly technical progress report, April--June 1993  

SciTech Connect

Continental Shelf Associates, Inc. (CSA) was contracted to conduct a three-year study of the environmental and health related impacts of produced water and sand discharges from oil and gas operations. Data on naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM), heavy metals, and hydrocarbons in water, sediment, and biota will be collected and evaluated. Health related impacts will be studied through field collections and analyses of commercially- and recreationally-important fish and shellfish tissues. Additionally, information on seafood catch, consumption, and use patterns for the Gulf of Mexico will be gathered and analyzed. The facilities to be studied will include both offshore and coastal facilities in the Gulf of Mexico. Coastal sites will be additionally studied to determine ecological recovery of impacted wetland and open bay areas. The economic impact of existing and proposed effluent federal and state regulations will also be evaluated. The primary objectives of the project are to increase the base of scientific knowledge concerning (1) the fate and environmental effects of organics, trace metals, and NORM in water, sediment, and biota near several offshore oil and gas facilities; (2) the characteristics of produced water and produced sand discharges as they pertain to organics, trace metals, and NORM variably found in association with the discharges; (3) the recovery of four terminated produced water discharge sites located in wetland and high-energy open bay sites of coastal Louisiana and Texas; (4) the economic and energy supply impacts of existing and anticipated federal and state offshore and coastal discharge regulations; and (5) the catch, consumption and human use patterns of seafood species collected from coastal and offshore waters. Accomplishments for this period are described.

Gettleson, D.A.

1993-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

289

Assessing the Capability of a Regional-Scale Weather Model to Simulate Extreme Precipitation Patterns and Flooding in Central Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessing the Capability of a Regional-Scale Weather Model to Simulate Extreme Precipitation Patterns and Flooding in Central Texas MARLA R. KNEBL LOWREY AND ZONG-LIANG YANG Department of Geological 3 March 2008) ABSTRACT A regional-scale weather model is used to determine the potential for flood

Yang, Zong-Liang

290

AN APPLICATION OF URBANSIM TO THE AUSTIN, TEXAS REGION: INTEGRATED-MODEL FORECASTS FOR THE YEAR 2030  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN APPLICATION OF URBANSIM TO THE AUSTIN, TEXAS REGION: INTEGRATED-MODEL FORECASTS FOR THE YEAR, as well as energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. This work describes the modeling of year-2030 policies significantly impact the region's future land use patterns, traffic conditions, greenhouse gas

Kockelman, Kara M.

291

ECONOMIC DISPATCH  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ECONOMIC DISPATCH ECONOMIC DISPATCH OF ELECTRIC GENERATION CAPACITY A REPORT TO CONGRESS AND THE STATES PURSUANT TO SECTIONS 1234 AND 1832 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 United States Department of Energy February 2007 ECONOMIC DISPATCH OF ELECTRIC GENERATION CAPACITY A REPORT TO CONGRESS AND THE STATES PURSUANT TO SECTIONS 1234 AND 1832 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 Sections 1234 and 1832 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct) 1 direct the U.S. Department of Energy (the Department, or DOE) to: 1) Study the procedures currently used by electric utilities to perform economic dispatch; 2) Identify possible revisions to those procedures to improve the ability of non-utility generation resources to offer their output for sale for the purpose of inclusion in

292

Modeling regional seismic waves. Final report, 24 Mar 89-31 Jul 91  

SciTech Connect

This study can be divided into three main topics: modeling regional broad-band seismograms from the Imperial Valley to Pasadena, Determining surface wave magnitudes for NTS events using regional data, and waveform modeling to determine depth of earthquakes in Tibet leading to new origin times and a better estimation of P(sub n) and S(sub n) velocities. In section 1, broad-band wave propagation along a corridor from Imperial Valley to Pasadena, California is addressed. The path consists of 50 km of slow basin structure with a shallow moho followed by 250 km of relatively normal Southern California structure approaching Pasadena. In section 2, surface wave magnitudes for 112 Nevada Test Site (NTS) explosions from a data set of regional long-period seismograms from North American stations are calculated. In order to utilize the newer regional stations (Delta < 25 deg), a new method for determining M(sub s) has been developed which employs synthetic seismograms to establish a relationship between the amplitude of the regional Airy phase, or Rayleigh pulse, of the data and an associated surface wave magnitude, based on conventional M(sub s) determinations, calculated from a synthetic seismogram propagated to 40 deg. In section 3, a note on the relocation of the Tibetan earthquake is presented. Present ISC locations for earthquakes beneath Tibet indicates a random distribution of events down to a depth of about 50 km. A detained investigation of the Tibetan earthquakes, with magnitudes greater than 5.5 from 1964 to 1986, yields a distinctly different picture.

Helmberger, D.V.; Harkrider, D.G.

1991-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

293

Variables Affecting Economic Development of Wind Energy  

SciTech Connect

NREL's JEDI Wind model performed an analysis of wind-power-related economic development drivers. Economic development benefits for wind and coal were estimated using NREL's JEDI Wind and JEDI Coal models.

Lantz, E.; Tegen, S.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Economic Impact Report BInghamton UnIvERsIty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Impact Report 2007 #12;BInghamton UnIvERsIty 8:1 return on investment The term "return will be returned to the state economy and $6 to the local economy -- delivering an economic impact of $8.65 billion as an engine of economic growth that improves the financial health of our region and state. EconomIc Impact

Suzuki, Masatsugu

295

Latitude Based Model for Tilt Angle Optimization for Solar Collectors in the Mediterranean Region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper inspects the different parameters that intervene in the determination of the optimal tilt angle for maximum solar energy collection. It proposes a method for calculating the optimal tilt angle based upon the values of the daily global solar radiation on a horizontal surface. A computer program using the mathematical model to calculate the solar radiation incident on an inclined surface as a function of the tilt angle is implemented. Four years data of daily global solar radiation on a horizontal surface in 35 sites in different countries of the Mediterranean region is used. The program assumes a due south orientation of the collectors and it determines the optimal tilt angle for maximum solar radiation collection for sites in the Mediterranean region. A regression analysis using the results of the computer simulation is conducted to develop a latitude based tilt angle optimization mathematical model for maximum solar radiation collection for the sites. We tested both a linear and a quadratic model (of the form ax2+bx) for representing the relationship between the annual optimal tilt angle and the site's latitude. The quadratic model is better; it provides very high prediction accuracy. 99.87% of the variation in the annual optimal tilt angle is explained by the variability in site's latitude with an average residual angle of only 0.96° for all 35 sites studied. It also gives an average percentage decrease in the annual solar radiation of only 0.016% when compared with actual optimal tilt angles.

Hassane Darhmaoui; Driss Lahjouji

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

A two-dimensional regional basin model of Williston basin hydrocarbon systems  

SciTech Connect

Institut Francais du Petrole`s two-dimensional model, TEMISPACK, is used to discuss the functioning of petroleum systems in the Williston basin along a 330-km-long section, focusing on four regional source intervals: Ordovician Yeoman formation, Lower Devonian Winnipegosis Formation, Upper Devonian-Lower Mississippian Bakken Formation, and Mississippian Lodgepole formation. Thermal history calibration against present temperature and source rock maturity profiles suggests that the Williston basin can be divided into a region of constant heat flow of about 55 mW/m{sup 2} away from the Nesson anticline, and a region of higher heat flow and enhanced thermal maturity in the vicinity of the Nesson anticline. Original kinetic parameters used in the calibration were derived for each of the four source rocks from Rock-Eval yield curves. Bakken overpressures are entirely due to oil generation, not compaction disequilibrium. Very low Bakken vertical permeabilities range from 0.01 to 0.001 and are matched against observed overpressures, whereas Bakken porosities based on the model and confirmed by measurements are inferred to be also unusually low, around 3%.

Burrus, J.; Wolf, S.; Doligez, B. [Institut Francais due Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France)] [and others

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Environmental and economic assessment of discharges from Gulf of Mexico Region Oil and Gas Operations. Quarterly technical progress report, January 1, 1994--March 31, 1994  

SciTech Connect

The primary objectives of the project are to increase the base of scientific knowledge concerning (1) the fate and environmental effects of organics, trace metals, and NORM in water, sediment, and biota near several offshore oil and gas facilities; (2) the characteristics of produced water and produced sand discharges as they pertain to organics, trace metals, and NORM variably found in association with the discharges; (3) the recovery of four terminated produced water discharge sites located in wetland and high-energy open bay sites of coastal Louisiana and Texas; (4) the economic and energy supply impacts of existing and anticipated federal and state offshore and coastal discharge regulations; and (5) the catch, consumption and human use patterns of seafood species collected from coastal and offshore waters. The products of the effort will be a series of technical reports detailing the study procedures, results, and conclusions which contribute to the transfer of technology to the scientific community, petroleum industry, and state and federal programs.

Gettleson, D.A.

1994-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

298

The quality of websites and their impact on economic performance: the case of nurseries and gardening companies in the Italian 'Mezzogiorno' regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to examine the quality of websites and the entrepreneurial perception of the importance of the website to improve the business performance in nurseries and gardening companies adopting web-marketing strategies. On this purpose, the paper firstly analyses which structural features enable a potential website to be labelled as good; the awareness of these aspects is pivotal to define effective web-marketing solutions. Secondly, it examines whether the plant nursery entrepreneurs perceive the company website as a tool of additional sales able to increase the firm turnover. The results show that the websites are well framed and with a well-groomed design, but lacking in some essential functions able to improve their usability. Moreover, the surveyed companies give a little importance to the customer and community services; in fact, few of them have a chat or a forum. The adoption of the website as sales channel is hardly diffused. The website has stimulated sales that were ultimately transacted both via phone, fax and e-mail, and directly in firm. Lastly, almost all interviewees consider the website an effective tool to boost their company image, leading to an improvement in their economic performance, although not readily quantifiable.

Emanuele Schimmenti; Antonino Galati; Valeria Borsellino

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Does the Danube exist? Versions of reality given by various regional climate models and climatological datasets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an intercomparison and verification analysis of several regional climate models (RCMs) nested into the same run of the same Atmospheric Global Circulation Model (AGCM) regarding their representation of the statistical properties of the hydrological balance of the Danube river basin for 1961-1990. We also consider the datasets produced by the driving AGCM, from the ECMWF and NCEP-NCAR reanalyses. The hydrological balance is computed by integrating the precipitation and evaporation fields over the area of interest. Large discrepancies exist among RCMs for the monthly climatology as well as for the mean and variability of the annual balances, and only few datasets are consistent with the observed discharge values of the Danube at its Delta, even if the driving AGCM provides itself an excellent estimate. Since the considered approach relies on the mass conservation principle and bypasses the details of the air-land interface modeling, we propose that the atmospheric components of RCMs still face diffic...

Lucarini, V; Kriegerova, I; Speranza, A; Danihlik, Robert; Kriegerova, Ida; Lucarini, Valerio; Speranza, Antonio

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

What economics courses are there? Economics and International Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economics Essentials What economics courses are there? BA Economics Economics and International Development Economics and International Relations Economics and Politics Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) (p103) BSc Economics Economics and Management Studies Finance and Business (p46) Mathematics

Sussex, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Impact of Agricultural Practice on Regional Climate in a CoupledLand Surface Mesoscale Model  

SciTech Connect

The land surface has been shown to form strong feedbacks with climate due to linkages between atmospheric conditions and terrestrial ecosystem exchanges of energy, momentum, water, and trace gases. Although often ignored in modeling studies, land management itself may form significant feedbacks. Because crops are harvested earlier under drier conditions, regional air temperature, precipitation, and soil moisture, for example, affect harvest timing, particularly of rain-fed crops. This removal of vegetation alters the land surface characteristics and may, in turn, affect regional climate. We applied a coupled climate(MM5) and land-surface (LSM1) model to examine the effects of early and late winter wheat harvest on regional climate in the Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility in the Southern Great Plains, where winter wheat accounts for 20 percent of the land area. Within the winter wheat region, simulated 2 m air temperature was 1.3 C warmer in the Early Harvest scenario at mid-day averaged over the two weeks following harvest. Soils in the harvested area were drier and warmer in the top 10 cm and wetter in the 10-20 cm layer. Midday soils were 2.5 C warmer in the harvested area at mid-day averaged over the two weeks following harvest. Harvest also dramatically altered latent and sensible heat fluxes. Although differences between scenarios diminished once both scenarios were harvested, the short-term impacts of land management on climate were comparable to those from land cover change demonstrated in other studies.

Cooley, H.S.; Riley, W.J.; Torn, M.S.; He, Y.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Spatial Variation of Soil Type and Soil Moisture in the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System  

SciTech Connect

Soil characteristics (texture and moisture) are typically assumed to be initially constant when performing simulations with the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS). Soil texture is spatially homogeneous and time-independent, while soil moisture is often spatially homogeneous initially, but time-dependent. This report discusses the conversion of a global data set of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) soil types to RAMS soil texture and the subsequent modifications required in RAMS to ingest this information. Spatial variations in initial soil moisture obtained from the National Center for Environmental Predictions (NCEP) large-scale models are also introduced. Comparisons involving simulations over the southeastern United States for two different time periods, one during warmer, more humid summer conditions, and one during cooler, dryer winter conditions, reveals differences in surface conditions related to increases or decreases in near-surface atmospheric moisture con tent as a result of different soil properties. Three separate simulation types were considered. The base case assumed spatially homogeneous soil texture and initial soil moisture. The second case assumed variable soil texture and constant initial soil moisture, while the third case allowed for both variable soil texture and initial soil moisture. The simulation domain was further divided into four geographically distinct regions. It is concluded there is a more dramatic impact on thermodynamic variables (surface temperature and dewpoint) than on surface winds, and a more pronounced variability in results during the summer period. While no obvious trends in surface winds or dewpoint temperature were found relative to observations covering all regions and times, improvement in surface temperatures in most regions and time periods was generally seen with the incorporation of variable soil texture and initial soil moisture.

Buckley, R.

2001-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

303

Integrated Economic-Epidemic Modeling of Avian Influenza Mitigation Options: A Case Study of an Outbreak in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cluskey and Scott 2006). The spectrum of diseases called avian Influenza involves various combinations of 16 hemagglutinin (H) and neuraminidase (N) proteins subtypes (Pelzel, McCluskey and Scott 2006), which could be classified into high pathogenic and low... is declared AI free. For example, after the Gonzales? outbreak, 44 countries imposed import restrictions on either Texas or U.S poultry products (Pelzel, McCluskey and Scott 2006). Finally unlike other economic impact analysis, economic analysis...

Egbendewe-Mondzozo, Aklesso

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

304

Comparison of Annual Growth Rates for Economic Drivers 5th and 6th Plan Period ( draft) Oregon Washington Idaho Montana Regional  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.2% 1.4% 1.3% (Number of Multi Family 1.7% 1.8% 1.6% 1.5% 2.2% 2.1% 2.0% 2.1% 1.7% 1.6% household stock Washington Idaho Montana Regional Sector Business/Building t2005-2025 2010-2030 2005-2025 2010-2030 2005 5th Plan 6th Plan 5th Plan 6th Plan Residential Single Family 1.3% 1.3% 1.2% 1.1% 2.1% 2.0% 1.2% 1

305

Modeling of polarization curves not exhibiting a Tafel region using Excel spreadsheets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper describes the modeling of polarization curves not exhibiting a Tafel region using Excel spreadsheets. Carbon steel in aerated NaCl unbuffered solutions was studied applying a linear potential sweep technique. Current–potential curves were obtained from linear potential sweep at a rate of 10 mV s?1 in un-buffered 0.1, 0.4 and 0.9 M NaCl solutions, at a constant temperature of 25 °C and potential sweeps that were conducted in a potential range ?1.0 to 0.4 V vs. Ag/AgCl.

Marco Alfaro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Regional groundwater flow model for C, K. L. and P reactor areas, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC  

SciTech Connect

A regional groundwater flow model encompassing approximately 100 mi2 surrounding the C, K, L, and P reactor areas has been developed. The reactor flow model is designed to meet the planning objectives outlined in the General Groundwater Strategy for Reactor Area Projects by providing a common framework for analyzing groundwater flow, contaminant migration and remedial alternatives within the Reactor Projects team of the Environmental Restoration Department. The model provides a quantitative understanding of groundwater flow on a regional scale within the near surface aquifers and deeper semi-confined to confined aquifers. The model incorporates historical and current field characterization data up through Spring 1999. Model preprocessing is automated so that future updates and modifications can be performed quickly and efficiently. The CKLP regional reactor model can be used to guide characterization, perform scoping analyses of contaminant transport, and serve as a common base for subsequent finer-scale transport and remedial/feasibility models for each reactor area.

Flach, G.P.

2000-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

307

The sine-Gordon model and the small. kappa. sup + region of light- cone perturbation theory  

SciTech Connect

The non-perturbative ultraviolet divergence of the sine-Gordon model is used to study the k{sup +} = 0 region of light-cone perturbation theory. The light-cone vacuum is shown to be unstable at the non- perturbative {beta}{sup 2} = 8{pi} critical point by a light-cone version of Coleman's variational method. Vacuum bubbles, which are k{sup +} = 0 diagram in light-cone field theory and are individually finite and non-vanishing for all {beta}, conspire to generate ultraviolet divergences of the light-cone energy density. The k{sup +} = 0 region of momentum also contributed to connected Green's functions: the connected two point function will not diverge, as it should, at the critical point unless diagrams which contribute only at k {sup +} = 0 are properly included. This analysis shows in a simple way how the k {sup +} = 0 region cannot be ignored even for connected diagrams. This phenomenon is expected to occur in higher dimensional gauge theories starting at two loop order in light-cone perturbation theory.

Griffin, P.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

An application of a puff dispersion model on power plant emissions in Yatagan region, Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present paper describes the application of the CALMET meteorological model and CALPUFF plume dispersion model to the Yatagan district to study the impact of Yatagan Power Plant emissions on the SO2 levels on December 2000 in the region. Results indicate that SO2 concentrations over the city depend strongly on advected emissions from the power plant and on the local variation of the wind field and limited vertical mixing conditions. It is found that South Westerly and light winds and the night time surface inversion layers lead to accumulation of pollutants coming from the power plant over the Yatagan district. The results are compared with the observations obtained from Local Environmental Authorities of Mugla. The simulation results indicate that the maximum ground level concentrations were found northeast from the source, which agrees with the measurements, but differ in terms of magnitudes.

Ulas Im; Orhan Yenigun

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Generalized CP symmetries and special regions of parameter space in the two-Higgs-doublet model  

SciTech Connect

We consider the impact of imposing generalized CP symmetries on the Higgs sector of the two-Higgs-doublet model, and identify three classes of symmetries. Two of these classes constrain the scalar potential parameters to an exceptional region of parameter space, which respects either a Z{sub 2} discrete flavor symmetry or a U(1) symmetry. We exhibit a basis-invariant quantity that distinguishes between these two possible symmetries. We also show that the consequences of imposing these two classes of CP symmetry can be achieved by combining Higgs family symmetries, and that this is not possible for the usual CP symmetry. We comment on the vacuum structure and on renormalization in the presence of these symmetries. Finally, we demonstrate that the standard CP symmetry can be used to build all the models we identify, including those based on Higgs family symmetries.

Ferreira, P. M. [Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa, Rua Conselheiro Emidio Navarro, 1900 Lisboa (Portugal); Centro de Fisica Teorica e Computacional, Faculdade de Ciencias, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto 2, 1649-003 Lisboa (Portugal); Haber, Howard E. [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 95064 (United States); Silva, Joao P. [Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa, Rua Conselheiro Emidio Navarro, 1900 Lisboa (Portugal); Centro de Fisica Teorica de Particulas, Instituto Superior Tecnico, P-1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Economic History Revisited: New Uncertainties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the southern and midwestern regions of the United States. However, the large run-up in oil prices is increasingEconomic History Revisited: New Uncertainties I n the last Sitar-Rutgers Regional Report, we are paying ever-increasing prices for fewer available sites. Warehouse sites in the southern portion

311

Economical Desalination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... DESALINATION as a source of fresh water is well established technically. Now, like nuclear power ... and most important, conclusion is that flash distillation, so far the market leader in desalination equipment, is unlikely to be economic for base load production of fresh water in ...

1968-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

312

Using Local and Regional Air Quality Modeling and Source Apportionment Tools to Evaluate Vehicles and Biogenic Emission Factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and inventories of CO, NO_(x) and VOCs from on-road vehicles estimated by vehicle emission factor models and biogenic emissions of isoprene estimated by a popular biogenic emission model are evaluated using local and regional scale air quality modeling and source...

Kota, Sri H

2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

313

Conceptual model for regional radionuclide transport from a basalt repository site. Final draft, technical memorandum  

SciTech Connect

This technical memorandum was prepared to: (1) describe a typical basalt radionuclide repository site, (2) describe geologic and hydrologic processes associated with regional radionuclide transport in basalts, (3) define the parameters required to model regional radionuclide transport from a basalt repository site, and (4) develop a ''conceptual model'' of radionuclide transport from a basalt repository site. In a general hydrological sense, basalts may be described as layered sequences of aquifers and aquitards. The Columbia River Basalt, centered near the semi-arid Pasco Basin, is considered by many to be typical basalt repository host rock. Detailed description of the flow system including flow velocities with high-low hydraulic conductivity sequences are not possible with existing data. However, according to theory, waste-transport routes are ultimately towards the Columbia River and the lengths of flow paths from the repository to the biosphere may be relatively short. There are many physical, chemical, thermal, and nuclear processes with associated parameters that together determine the possible pattern of radionuclide migration in basalts and surrounding formations. Brief process descriptions and associated parameter lists are provided. Emphasis has been placed on the use of the distribution coefficient in simulating ion exchange. The use of the distribution coefficient approach is limited because it takes into account only relatively fast mass transfer processes. In general, knowledge of hydrogeochemical processes is primitive.

Walton, W.C.; Voorhees, M.L.; Prickett, T.A.

1980-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

314

A nanoflare model for active region radiance: application of artificial neural networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context. Nanoflares are small impulsive bursts of energy that blend with and possibly make up much of the solar background emission. Determining their frequency and energy input is central to understanding the heating of the solar corona. One method is to extrapolate the energy frequency distribution of larger individually observed flares to lower energies. Only if the power law exponent is greater than 2, is it considered possible that nanoflares contribute significantly to the energy input. Aims. Time sequences of ultraviolet line radiances observed in the corona of an active region are modelled with the aim of determining the power law exponent of the nanoflare energy distribution. Methods. A simple nanoflare model based on three key parameters (the flare rate, the flare duration time, and the power law exponent of the flare energy frequency distribution) is used to simulate emission line radiances from the ions Fe XIX, Ca XIII, and Si iii, observed by SUMER in the corona of an active region as it rotates around the east limb of the Sun. Light curve pattern recognition by an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) scheme is used to determine the values. Results. The power law exponents, alpha 2.8, 2.8, and 2.6 for Fe XIX, Ca XIII, and Si iii respectively. Conclusions. The light curve simulations imply a power law exponent greater than the critical value of 2 for all ion species. This implies that if the energy of flare-like events is extrapolated to low energies, nanoflares could provide a significant contribution to the heating of active region coronae.

M. Bazarghan; H. Safari; D. E. Innes; E. Karami; S. K. Solanki

2008-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

315

Ecological-economic assessment of farms using multi-input multi-output models: life cycle assessment with multiple paired comparisons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A multi-input multi-output model is developed by extending the life cycle assessment framework for analysing the relationship between agricultural production and environmental impacts. The inputs include farmland and materials such as fertilisers, pesticides and animals. The outputs are of two types: one is agro-economic production, such as crop yields, and the other is environmental impacts, including greenhouse gas emissions. Additive and ratio models are defined for analysing the relationship between management intensity, land productivity and environmental impacts based on the farm model. After the framework of multiple paired comparisons is illustrated, the multi-input multi-output model is applied to rice farming in Japan. The results indicate that the additive and ratio models can be used for detecting the directions of changes. These models can be extended for analysing the land-use competition between food and energy production.

Kiyotada Hayashi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Estimates of Twenty-First-Century Flood Risk in the Pacific Northwest Based on Regional Climate Model Simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results from a regional climate model simulation show substantial increases in future flood risk (2040–69) in many Pacific Northwest river basins in the early fall. Two primary causes are identified: 1) more extreme and earlier storms and 2) ...

Eric P. Salathé Jr.; Alan F. Hamlet; Clifford F. Mass; Se-Yeun Lee; Matt Stumbaugh; Richard Steed

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Hydrological Processes in Regional Climate Model Simulations of the Central United States Flood of June–July 1993  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thirteen regional climate model (RCM) simulations of June–July 1993 were compared with each other and observations. Water vapor conservation and precipitation characteristics in each RCM were examined for a 10° × 10° subregion of the upper ...

Christopher J. Anderson; Raymond W. Arritt; Zaitao Pan; Eugene S. Takle; William J. Gutowski Jr.; Francis O. Otieno; Renato da Silva; Daniel Caya; Jens H. Christensen; Daniel Lüthi; Miguel A. Gaertner; Clemente Gallardo; Filippo Giorgi; René Laprise; Song-You Hong; Colin Jones; H-M. H. Juang; J. J. Katzfey; John L. McGregor; William M. Lapenta; Jay W. Larson; John A. Taylor; Glen E. Liston; Roger A. Pielke Sr.; John O. Roads

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

A quantum cascade laser in a transverse magnetic field. A model of the open triple-barrier active region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A theory of spectral parameters and active dynamic conductivity of the quantum cascade laser is proposed in the model of a triple-barrier active region of an individual cascade in a transverse magnetic field. In ...

N. V. Tkach; I. V. Boyko; Ju. A. Seti; G. G. Zegrya

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

On an improved sub-regional water resources management representation for integration into earth system models  

SciTech Connect

Human influence on the hydrologic cycle includes regulation and storage, consumptive use and overall redistribution of water resources in space and time. Representing these processes is essential for applications of earth system models in hydrologic and climate predictions, as well as impact studies at regional to global scales. Emerging large-scale research reservoir models use generic operating rules that are flexible for coupling with earth system models. Those generic operating rules have been successful in reproducing the overall regulated flow at large basin scales. This study investigates the uncertainties of the reservoir models from different implementations of the generic operating rules using the complex multi-objective Columbia River Regulation System in northwestern United States as an example to understand their effects on not only regulated flow but also reservoir storage and fraction of the demand that is met. Numerical experiments are designed to test new generic operating rules that combine storage and releases targets for multi-purpose reservoirs and to compare the use of reservoir usage priorities, withdrawals vs. consumptive demand, as well as natural vs. regulated mean flow for calibrating operating rules. Overall the best performing implementation is the use of the combined priorities (flood control storage targets and irrigation release targets) operating rules calibrated with mean annual natural flow and mean monthly withdrawals. The challenge of not accounting for groundwater withdrawals, or on the contrary, assuming that all remaining demand is met through groundwater extractions, is discussed.

Voisin, Nathalie; Li, Hongyi; Ward, Duane L.; Huang, Maoyi; Wigmosta, Mark S.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

320

Discussion Papers in Economics Department of Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Discussion Papers in Economics Department of Economics University of Surrey Guildford Surrey GU2 7 participants at Aberdeen, Essex, LSE, UCL, the Paris School of Economics and from participants in the 2007 Royal Economic Society annual conference held in Warwick, the 2007 American Law and Economics

Doran, Simon J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

WARWICK ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT WARWICK ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WARWICK ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT twenty thirteen- fourteen Prospectus #12;WARWICK ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT-being worldwide." "Economics is the issue of the times in which we live." Contents ninety-four The percent Inspirational instruction 11 Highlighted Research 13 Behavioural Economics 14 Development 16 Economic History 18

Davies, Christopher

322

Fuel economizer  

SciTech Connect

A fuel economizer device for use with an internal combustion engine fitted with a carburetor is disclosed. The fuel economizer includes a plate member which is mounted between the carburetor and the intake portion of the intake manifold. The plate member further has at least one aperture formed therein. One tube is inserted through the at least one aperture in the plate member. The one tube extends longitudinally in the passage of the intake manifold from the intake portion toward the exit portion thereof. The one tube concentrates the mixture of fuel and air from the carburetor and conveys the mixture of fuel and air to a point adjacent but spaced away from the inlet port of the internal combustion engine.

Zwierzelewski, V.F.

1984-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

323

Economic Development | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Success Stories Success Stories Commercialization and Licensing Economic Development Industrial Partnerships Sponsored Research Partnerships Home | Connect with ORNL | For Industry | Partnerships | Success Stories | Economic Development Success Stories Economic Development 1-3 of 3 Results ORNL and Enterprise Center Help Revitalize Chattanooga September 02, 2011 - The Enterprise Center, through its technology-based economic development initiatives, is focused on economic transformation in Chattanooga, Hamilton County, and the Tennessee Valley Corridor region. Seven Companies Selected for ORNL Mentor Protégé Program November 28, 2012 - Seven companies have been selected to participate in the mentor protégé program sponsored by ORNL. The program is a DOE initiative designed to assist energy-related companies in an effort to

324

Modeling and economic evaluation of the integration of carbon capture and storage technologies into coal to liquids plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper analyzes the technical and economic feasibility of the integration of Fischer–Tropsch process based Coal to Liquid (CTL) plants with Carbon Capture and Storage Technologies (CCS). CTL plants could be multipurpose, and for this reason, starting from coal can produce different energy products like liquid fuels, such as diesel and gasoline, chemicals, electricity and hydrogen. Different plant configurations are possible especially in the case of integration with CCS technologies. Obviously, the choice of the optimal process configuration is one that better meets technical and economical requirements. In order to make a first assessment, a screening of suitable technologies has been made. The CTL facility study here proposed is based on commercial coal gasification and Fischer–Tropsch technologies. The system configuration selected and the plant performance has been evaluated using Aspen Plus software. The plant size considered is about 10,000 bbl/d of liquid fuel products, equivalent to a consumption of about 4500 ton/d of coal fed to the gasification island. The declared objective is to evaluate the potential of the identified plant and to perform a first economic evaluation. The ultimate goal is to determine the specific cost of produced liquid fuels and to evaluate the economic performance of the system. The economic analysis was done to estimate the Internal Rate of Return (IRR), the payback period and the net present value for configurations with CCS or without CO2 capture. Results shows that the CCS introduction in CTL plants has a lighter impact on plant costs and performance since CO2 capture it is already included in the base plant.

Claudia Bassano; Paolo Deiana; Giuseppe Girardi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Theoretical modeling of propagation of magneto-acoustic waves in magnetic regions below sunspots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use 2D numerical simulations and eikonal approximation, to study properties of MHD waves traveling below the solar surface through the magnetic structure of sunspots. We consider a series of magnetostatic models of sunspots of different magnetic field strengths, from 10 Mm below the photosphere to the low chromosphere. The purpose of these studies is to quantify the effect of the magnetic field on local helioseismology measurements by modeling waves excited by sub-photospheric sources. Time-distance propagation diagrams and wave travel times are calculated for models of various field strength and compared to the non-magnetic case. The results clearly indicate that the observed time-distance helioseismology signals in sunspot regions correspond to fast MHD waves. The slow MHD waves form a distinctly different pattern in the time-distance diagram, which has not been detected in observations. The numerical results are in good agreement with the solution in the short-wavelength (eikonal) approximation, providing its validation. The frequency dependence of the travel times is in a good qualitative agreement with observations.

E. Khomenko; A. Kosovichev; M. Collados; K. Parchevsky; V. Olshevsky

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Theoretical Modeling of Propagation of Magnetoacoustic Waves in Magnetic Regions Below Sunspots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We use two-dimensional numerical simulations and eikonal approximation to study properties of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) waves traveling below the solar surface through the magnetic structure of sunspots. We consider a series of magnetostatic models of sunspots of different magnetic field strengths, from 10 Mm below the photosphere to the low chromosphere. The purpose of these studies is to quantify the effect of the magnetic field on local helioseismology measurements by modeling waves excited by subphotospheric sources. Time-distance propagation diagrams and wave travel times are calculated for models of various field strengths and compared to the nonmagnetic case. The results clearly indicate that the observed time-distance helioseismology signals in sunspot regions correspond to fast MHD waves. The slow MHD waves form a distinctly different pattern in the time-distance diagram, which has not been detected in observations. The numerical results are in good agreement with the solution in the short-wavelength (eikonal) approximation, providing its validation. The frequency dependence of the travel times is in good qualitative agreement with observations.

E. Khomenko; A. Kosovichev; M. Collados; K. Parchevsky; V. Olshevsky

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Theoretical modeling of propagation of magneto-acoustic waves in magnetic regions below sunspots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use 2D numerical simulations and eikonal approximation to study properties of magneto-acoustic gravity waves traveling below the solar surface through the magnetic structure of sunspots. We consider a series of magnetostatic models of sunspots of different magnetic field strengths, from the deep interior to the chromosphere. The purpose of these studies is to quantify the effect of the magnetic field on local helioseismology measurements. Waves are excited by a sub-photospheric source located in the region beta slightly larger than 1. Time-distance diagrams and travel times are calculated for various frequency intervals and compared to the non-magnetic case. The results confirm that the observed time-distance helioseismology signals in sunspot regions correspond to fast MHD waves. The slow MHD waves form a distinctly different pattern in the time-distance diagram, which has not been detected in observations. The numerical results are in good agreement with the solution in the short-wavelength (eikonal) app...

Khomenko, E; Collados, M; Parchevsky, K; Olshevsky, V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, Vol. 82, No. 6, pp. 1599--1628, 2004 1599 Regional Climate Modeling: Progress, Challenges, and Prospects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and development of regional earth system models. It is believed that with the demonstrated credibility of RCMs

Wang, Yuqing

329

Polarimetric modeling of corotating interaction regions (CIRs) threading massive-star winds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Massive star winds are complex radiation-hydrodynamic (sometimes magnetohydrodynamic) outflows that are propelled by their enormously strong luminosities. The winds are often found to be structured and variable, but can also display periodic or quasi-periodic behavior in a variety of wind diagnostics. The regular variations observed in putatively single stars, especially in UV wind lines, have often been attributed to corotating interaction regions (CIRs) like those seen in the solar wind. We present light curves for variable polarization from winds with CIR structures. We develop a model for a time-independent CIR based on a kinematical description. Assuming optically thin electron scattering, we explore the range of polarimetric light curves that result as the curvature, latitude, and number of CIRs are varied. We find that a diverse array of variable polarizations result from an exploration of cases. The net polarization from an unresolved source is weighted more toward the inner radii of the wind. Given t...

Ignace, R; Proulx-Giraldeau, F

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Economics of Peak Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract ‘Peak oil’ refers to the future decline in world production of crude oil and the accompanying potentially calamitous effects. The peak oil literature typically rejects economic analysis. This article argues that economic analysis is indeed appropriate for analyzing oil scarcity because standard economic models can replicate the observed peaks in oil production. Moreover, the emphasis on peak oil is misplaced as peaking is not a good indicator of scarcity, peak oil techniques are overly simplistic, the catastrophes predicted by the peak oil literature are unlikely, and the literature does not contribute to correcting identified market failures. Efficiency of oil markets could be improved by instead focusing on remedying market failures such as excessive private discount rates, environmental externalities, market power, insufficient innovation incentives, incomplete futures markets, and insecure property rights.

S.P. Holland

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Economic Growth Policies & Economic Growth Theory Influences.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The aim of this thesis is to describe the presence of theories for economic growth in municipalities’ economic growth strategies, and to compare the… (more)

Hallden, Sophie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Tests of an Ensemble Kalman Filter for Mesoscale and Regional-Scale Data Assimilation. Part II: Imperfect Model Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

degraded). As in Part I, where the perfect model assumption was utilized, most analysis error reduction of significant model errors due to physical parameterizations by assimilating synthetic sounding and surfaceTests of an Ensemble Kalman Filter for Mesoscale and Regional-Scale Data Assimilation. Part II

Meng, Zhiyong

333

Ecological economizer  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an engine economizer system adapted to supply an internal combustion engine with a heated air and water vapor mixture. It comprises a containment vessel, the vessel having: water level control means, an engine coolant fluid circuit, an engine lubricant circuit, an elongated air passage, air disbursement means, a water reservoir, air filter means, a vacuum aspiration port, and engine induction means associated with one of the carburetor and intake manifold and adapted to draw in the heated air and water vapor mixture by means of a hose connection to the aspiration port.

Peterson, E.M.

1992-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

334

Economic Impact Reporting Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2007/08 November 2008 #12;#12;Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2007/08 #12;STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2007/08 Contents: Introduction..............................................................................................................................................2 1: Overall Economic Impacts

335

Economic Impact Reporting Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2008/09 #12;#12;Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2008/09 #12;STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2008/09 Contents: Introduction..............................................................................................................................................2 1: Overall Economic Impacts

336

WEST VIRGINIA ECONOMIC OUTLOOK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WEST VIRGINIA ECONOMIC OUTLOOK 2009 BUREAU OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMIC RESEARCH College of Business and Economics West Virginia University #12;West Virginia Economic Outlook 2009 George W. Hammond, Associate Director, BBER, and Associate Professor of Economics West Virginia Economic Outlook 2009 is published

Mohaghegh, Shahab

337

Economics & Finance Degree options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

98 Economics & Finance Degree options MA or BSc (Single Honours Degrees) Applied Economics Economics Financial Economics BA (International Honours Degree) Economics (See page 51) MA or BSc (Joint Honours Degrees) Economics and one of: Geography Management Mathematics MA (Joint Honours Degrees

Brierley, Andrew

338

Physical Constraints on, and a Model for, the Active Regions in Seyfert Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss several physical constraints on the nature of the Active Regions (AR) in Seyfert 1 Galaxies, and show that a plausible model consistent with these constraints is one in which the ARs are magnetically confined and ``fed''. The unique X-ray index of these sources points to a large compactness parameter ($l\\gg 1$). This, together with the conditions required to account for the observed optical depth being close to unity, suggests that the magnetic energy density in the AR should be comparable to the equipartition value in the accretion disk, and that it should be released in a flare-like event above the surface of the cold accretion disk. We consider the various issues pertaining to magnetic flares and attempt to construct a coherent picture, including a reason for the optical depth in the AR being $\\sim 1$, and an understanding of the characteristics of the X-ray reflection component and the power density spectra associated with this high-energy emission.

Sergei Nayakshin; Fulvio Melia

1997-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

339

Radiation-MHD models of elephant trunks and globules in H II regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the formation and evolution of pillars of dense gas, known as elephant trunks, at the boundaries of H II regions, formed by shadowing of ionising radiation by dense clumps. The effects of magnetic fields on this process are investigated using 3D radiation-magnetohydrodynamics simulations. For a simulation in which an initially uniform magnetic field of strength |B|=50 uG is oriented perpendicular to the radiation propagation direction, the field is swept into alignment with the pillar during its dynamical evolution, in agreement with observations of the "Pillars of Creation" in M16, and of some cometary globules. This effect is significantly enhanced when the simulation is re-run with a weaker field of 18 uG. A stronger field with |B|=160 uG is sufficient to prevent this evolution completely, also significantly affecting the photoionisation process. Using a larger simulation domain it is seen that the pillar formation models studied in Mackey & Lim (2010) ultimately evolve to cometary structures ...

Mackey, Jonathan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Environment and the Lifetime of Tropical Deep Convection in a Cloud-Permitting Regional Model Simulation  

SciTech Connect

By applying a cloud tracking algorithm to tropical convective systems simulated by a regional high resolution model, the study documents environmental conditions before and after convective systems are initiated over ocean and land by following them during their lifetime. The comparative roles of various environmental fields in affecting the lifetime of convection are also quantified. The statistics of lifetime, maximum area, propagation speed and direction of the simulated deep convection agrees well with geostationary satellite observations. Over ocean, convective systems enhance surface fluxes through the associated wind gusts as well as cooling and drying of the boundary layer. A significant relationship is found between the mean surface fluxes during their lifetime and the longevity of the systems which in turn is related to the initial intensity of the moist updraft and to a lesser extent upper level shear. Over land, on the other hand, convective activity suppresses surface fluxes through cloud cover and the lifetime of convection is related to the upper level shear during their lifetime and strength of the heat fluxes several hours before the initiation of convection. For systems of equal lifetime, those over land are significantly more intense than those over ocean especially during early stages of their lifetime.

Hagos, Samson M.; Feng, Zhe; McFarlane, Sally A.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Corrosion Failure of an In-service Economizer Tube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This investigation was primarily aimed to examine the in-service failure of an economizer tube. Apart from preliminary visual examination, ... thickness hole in the weld region of the economizer tube. This water ...

H. Roy; P. Sharma; D. Ghosh; A. K. Shukla

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

The Impact of Land Surface Processes on Simulations of the U.S. Hydrological Cycle: A Case Study of the 1993 Flood Using the SSiB Land Surface Model in the NCEP Eta Regional Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a methodology for coupling the Simplified Simple Biosphere Model (SSiB) to the regional Eta Model of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP), and presents the application of the coupled system in regional ...

Y. Xue; F. J. Zeng; K. E. Mitchell; Z. Janjic; E. Rogers

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

E-Print Network 3.0 - active region model Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Collection: Physics 72 The main rationale In the 21st Summary: development in the ASEAN region. Chapter 3: The Space Activities of ASEAN Countries investigates the...

344

A Study of the Economic Impact of Water Impoundment Through Validity Testing of a Comparitive-Projection Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at each area and secondary data from various sources. A reapplication of the model showed the revisions had increased the accuracy for all but two reservoir areas. The revised simulation model provided a systematic and relatively accurate tool...

Pearson, J. E.; Heideman, K. E.

345

Lepton flavor violating processes \\tau ->\\mu\\gamma$, $\\tau-> 3\\mu$ and $Z-> \\mu\\tau$ in the Supersymmetric economical 3-3-1 model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we study the charged lepton flavor violating (cLFV) decays $\\tau-> \\mu\\gamma$, $\\tau-> 3\\mu$ and $Z->\\mu\\tau$ in the framework of the Supersymmetric economical 3-3-1 model. Analytic formulas for branching ratios (BR) of these decays are presented. We assume that there exist lepton flavor violation (LFV) sources in both right- and left-handed slepton sectors. This leads to the strong enhancement of cLFV decay rates. We also show that the effects of the LFV source to the cLFV decay rates in the left-handed slepton sector are greater than those in the right- handed slepton sector. By numerical investigation, we show that the model under consideration contains the relative light mass spectrum of sleptons which satisfies the current experimental bounds on LFV processes in the limit of small $\\tan \\gamma$. The interplay between monopole and dipole operators also was studied.

Hue, L T; Long, H N

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

ONE-DIMENSIONAL MODELING FOR TEMPERATURE-DEPENDENT UPFLOW IN THE DIMMING REGION OBSERVED BY HINODE/EUV IMAGING SPECTROMETER  

SciTech Connect

We previously found a temperature-dependent upflow in the dimming region following a coronal mass ejection observed by the Hinode EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS). In this paper, we reanalyzed the observations along with previous work on this event and provided boundary conditions for modeling. We found that the intensity in the dimming region dramatically drops within 30 minutes from the flare onset, and the dimming region reaches the equilibrium stage after {approx}1 hr. The temperature-dependent upflows were observed during the equilibrium stage by EIS. The cross-sectional area of the flux tube in the dimming region does not appear to expand significantly. From the observational constraints, we reconstructed the temperature-dependent upflow by using a new method that considers the mass and momentum conservation law and demonstrated the height variation of plasma conditions in the dimming region. We found that a super-radial expansion of the cross-sectional area is required to satisfy the mass conservation and momentum equations. There is a steep temperature and velocity gradient of around 7 Mm from the solar surface. This result may suggest that the strong heating occurred above 7 Mm from the solar surface in the dimming region. We also showed that the ionization equilibrium assumption in the dimming region is violated, especially in the higher temperature range.

Imada, S.; Shimizu, T. [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Hara, H.; Watanabe, T. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Murakami, I. [National Institute for Fusion Science, 322-6 Oroshi-cho, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Harra, L. K. [UCL-Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey, RH5 6NT (United Kingdom); Zweibel, E. G. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 475 N Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

347

Superscaling and Charge-Changing Neutrino Scattering from Nuclei in the $\\boldsymbol ?$-Region beyond the Relativistic Fermi Gas Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The superscaling analysis using the scaling function obtained within the coherent density fluctuation model is extended to calculate charge-changing neutrino and antineutrino scattering on $^{12}$C at energies from 1 to 2 GeV not only in the quasielastic but also in the delta excitation region. The results are compared with those obtained using the scaling functions from the relativistic Fermi gas model and from the superscaling analysis of inclusive scattering of electrons from nuclei.

M. V. Ivanov; M. B. Barbaro; J. A. Caballero; A. N. Antonov; E. Moya de Guerra; M. K. Gaidarov

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

348

Sub-national TIMES model for analyzing regional future use of Biomass and Biofuels in France and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Sub-national TIMES model for analyzing regional future use of Biomass and Biofuels in France Introduction Renewable energy sources such as biomass and biofuels are increasingly being seen as important of biofuels on the final consumption of energy in transport should be 10%. The long-term target is to reduce

Boyer, Edmond

349

A Comparative Study of Precipitation and Evaporation between CMIP3 and CMIP5 Climate Model Ensembles in Semiarid Regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The twentieth-century climatology and twenty-first-century trend in precipitation P, evaporation E, and P ? E for selected semiarid U.S. Southwest and Mediterranean regions are compared between ensembles from phases 3 and 5 of the Coupled Model ...

Noel C. Baker; Huei-Ping Huang

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Aeroelastic Modeling of Offshore Turbines and Support Structures in Hurricane-Prone Regions (Poster)  

SciTech Connect

US offshore wind turbines (OWTs) will likely have to contend with hurricanes and the associated loading conditions. Current industry standards do not account for these design load cases (DLCs), thus a new approach is required to guarantee that the OWTs achieve an appropriate level of reliability. In this study, a sequentially coupled aero-hydro-servo-elastic modeling technique was used to address two design approaches: 1.) The ABS (American Bureau of Shipping) approach; and 2.) The Hazard Curve or API (American Petroleum Institute) approach. The former employs IEC partial load factors (PSFs) and 100-yr return-period (RP) metocean events. The latter allows setting PSFs and RP to a prescribed level of system reliability. The 500-yr RP robustness check (appearing in [2] and [3] upcoming editions) is a good indicator of the target reliability for L2 structures. CAE tools such as NREL's FAST and Bentley's' SACS (offshore analysis and design software) can be efficiently coupled to simulate system loads under hurricane DLCs. For this task, we augmented the latest FAST version (v. 8) to include tower aerodynamic drag that cannot be ignored in hurricane DLCs. In this project, a 6 MW turbine was simulated on a typical 4-legged jacket for a mid-Atlantic site. FAST-calculated tower base loads were fed to SACS at the interface level (transition piece); SACS added hydrodynamic and wind loads on the exposed substructure, and calculated mudline overturning moments, and member and joint utilization. Results show that CAE tools can be effectively used to compare design approaches for the design of OWTs in hurricane regions and to achieve a well-balanced design, where reliability levels and costs are optimized.

Damiani, R.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

2014 Offshore Wind Market and Economic Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Assessment of the 2014 U.S. wind market, including analysis of developments in wind technology, changes in policy, and effect on economic impact, regional development, and job creation.

352

Regional groundwater modeling of the saturated zone in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain, Nevada; Iterative Performance Assessment, Phase 2  

SciTech Connect

Results of groundwater modeling of the saturated zone in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain are presented. Both a regional (200 {times} 200 km) and subregional (50 {times} 50 km) model were used in the analyses. Simulations were conducted to determine the impact of various disruptive that might take place over the life span of a proposed Yucca Mountain geologic conditions repository on the groundwater flow field, as well as changes in the water-table elevations. These conditions included increases in precipitation and groundwater recharge within the regional model, changes in permeability of existing hydrogeologic barriers, a:nd the vertical intrusion of volcanic dikes at various orientations through the saturated zone. Based on the regional analysis, the rise in the water-table under Yucca Mountain due to various postulated conditions ranged from only a few meters to 275 meters. Results of the subregional model analysis, which was used to simulate intrusive dikes approximately 4 kilometers in length in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain, showed water-table rises ranging from a few meters to as much as 103 meters. Dikes oriented approximately north-south beneath Yucca Mountain produced the highest water-table rises. The conclusions drawn from this analysis are likely to change as more site-specific data become available and as the assumptions in the model are improved.

Ahola, M.; Sagar, B. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States). Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHRISTCHURCH, NEW ZEALAND Modeling the Effect of Oil Price on Global Fertilizer Prices Ping-Yu Chen, Chia;Modeling the Effect of Oil Price on Global Fertilizer Prices* Ping-Yu Chen Department of Applied Economics of this paper is to evaluate the effect of crude oil price on global fertilizer prices in both the mean

Hickman, Mark

354

Modelling China’s potential maize production at regional scale under climate change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the continuing warming due to greenhouse gases concentration, it is important to examine the potential impacts on regional crop production spatially and temporally. We assessed China’s potential maize pro...

Wei Xiong; Robin Matthews; Ian Holman; Erda Lin; Yinglong Xu

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

New Theoretical Model of the Complex Edge Region of Fusion Plasmas...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

a high pedestal is required for copious fusion energy production in ITER or a fusion power plant, and (2) the large free energy in the pedestal region can drive instabilities...

356

Modeling regional transportation demand in China and the impacts of a national carbon constraint  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Climate and energy policy in China will have important and uneven impacts on the country’s regionally heterogeneous transport system. In order to simulate these impacts, transport sector detail is added to a multi-sector, ...

Kishimoto, Paul

2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

357

Modeling regional seismic waves from underground nuclear explosion. Report for 17 March 1987-30 March 88  

SciTech Connect

Two main topics are presented: the effects of ocean continent transition zones on L - g waves; and modeling regional Love waves with 2-D velocity structures. Hybrid regional and teleseismic SH mode sum seismograms are produced after propagation through a regional transition zone or other heterogeneity that exists as part of a longer, mostly plane-layered, path. In particular the effects of ocean continent transition regions of geometry for propagation along a partially oceanic path is at most a factor of four. Extending the oceanic path length changes this factor to at most 6. This is inadequate to explain the observed attenuation of Lg. Thus, additional effects, must be considered to provide a complete explanation of the attenuation of Lg. Long period seismograms recorded at Pasadena of earthquakes occurring along a profile to Imperial Valley are studied in terms of source phenomena versus path effects. Some of the events have known source parameters, determined by teleseismic or near-field studies, and are used as master events in a forward modeling exercise to derive the Green's functions that describe the propagation effects along the profile. Both timing and waveforms of records are matched by synthetics calculated from 2-dimensional velocity models. The best 2-dimensional section begins at Imperial Valley with a thin crust containing the basin structure and thickens towards Pasadena.

Clayton, R.W.; Harkrider, D.G.; Helmberger, D.V.

1988-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

358

Multi-scale Ensemble Modeling of Modular Proteins with Intrinsically Disordered Linker Regions: Application to p53  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In eukaryotic proteins, intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs) are ubiquitous and often exist in linker regions that flank the functional domains of modular proteins, regulating their functions. For detailed structural ensemble modeling of IDRs, we propose a multiscale method for \\{IDRs\\} that possess significant long-range order in modular proteins and apply it to the eukaryotic transcription factor p53 as an example. First, we performed all-atom (AA) molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of the explicitly solvated p53 linker region, without experimental restraint terms, finding fractional long-range contacts within the linker. Second, we fed this AA MD ensemble into a coarse-grained (CG) model, finding an optimal set of contact potentials. The optimized CG MD simulations reproduced the contact probability map from the AA MD simulations. Finally, we performed the CG MD simulation of the tetrameric p53 fragments including the core domains, the linker, and the tetramerization domain. Using the obtained ensemble, we theoretically calculated the small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) profile of this fragment. The obtained SAXS profile agrees well with the experiment. We also found that the long-range contacts in the p53 linker region are required to reproduce the experimental SAXS profile. The developed framework in which we calculate the long-range contact probability map from the AA MD simulation and incorporate it to the CG model can be applied to broad range of IDRs.

Tsuyoshi Terakawa; Junichi Higo; Shoji Takada

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

EIA - Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2006 Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 13 complete) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region, Low Economic Growth Case Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel, Low Economic Growth Case

360

Regional investment under uncertain costs of location  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Due to political and economic integration, firms face increasing opportunities ... , we focus on the impact of economic risk and risk preferences upon regional allocation of capital investments. The source of risk

Udo Broll; Antonio Roldán-Ponce; Jack E. Wahl

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Offshore Wind Market and Economic Analysis Report 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Analysis of the U.S. wind market, including analysis of developments in wind technology, changes in policy, and effect on economic impact, regional development, and job creation.

362

Modeling the oil Transition: A Summary of the Proceedings of the DOE/EPA Workshop on the Economic and Environmental Implications of Global Energy Transitions, February 2007  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7-014 7-014 Modeling the Oil Transition: A Summary of the Proceedings of the DOE/EPA Workshop on the Economic and Environmental Implications of Global Energy Transitions February 2007 David L. Greene, Editor DOCUMENT AVAILABILITY Reports produced after January 1, 1996, are generally available free via the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Information Bridge: Web site: http://www.osti.gov/bridge Reports produced before January 1, 1996, may be purchased by members of the public from the following source: National Technical Information Service 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, VA 22161 Telephone: 703-605-6000 (1-800-553-6847) TDD: 703-487-4639 Fax: 703-605-6900 E-mail: info@ntis.fedworld.gov Web site: http://www.ntis.gov/support/ordernowabout.htm

363

Development of a regional groundwater flow model for the area of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Eastern Snake River Plain Aquifer  

SciTech Connect

This report documents a study conducted to develop a regional groundwater flow model for the Eastern Snake River Plain Aquifer in the area of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. The model was developed to support Waste Area Group 10, Operable Unit 10-04 groundwater flow and transport studies. The products of this study are this report and a set of computational tools designed to numerically model the regional groundwater flow in the Eastern Snake River Plain aquifer. The objective of developing the current model was to create a tool for defining the regional groundwater flow at the INEL. The model was developed to (a) support future transport modeling for WAG 10-04 by providing the regional groundwater flow information needed for the WAG 10-04 risk assessment, (b) define the regional groundwater flow setting for modeling groundwater contaminant transport at the scale of the individual WAGs, (c) provide a tool for improving the understanding of the groundwater flow system below the INEL, and (d) consolidate the existing regional groundwater modeling information into one usable model. The current model is appropriate for defining the regional flow setting for flow submodels as well as hypothesis testing to better understand the regional groundwater flow in the area of the INEL. The scale of the submodels must be chosen based on accuracy required for the study.

McCarthy, J.M.; Arnett, R.C.; Neupauer, R.M. [and others

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

A Parameterization of Heterogeneous Land Surfaces for Atmospheric Numerical Models and Its Impact on Regional Meteorology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Natural land surfaces are usually heterogeneous over the resolvable scales considered in atmospheric numerical models. Therefore, model surface parameterizations that assume surface homogeneity may fail to represent the surface forcing ...

R. Avissar; R. A. Pielke

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Region-based quantitative and hierarchical attribute reduction in the two-category decision theoretic rough set model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Quantitative attribute reduction exhibits applicability but complexity when compared to qualitative reduction. According to the two-category decision theoretic rough set model, this paper mainly investigates quantitative reducts and their hierarchies (with qualitative reducts) from a regional perspective. (1) An improved type of classification regions is proposed, and its preservation reduct (CRP-Reduct) is studied. (2) Reduction targets and preservation properties of set regions are analyzed, and the set-region preservation reduct (SRP-Reduct) is studied. (3) Separability of set regions and rule consistency is verified, and the quantitative and qualitative double-preservation reduct (DP-Reduct) is established. (4) Hierarchies of CRP-Reduct, SRP-Reduct, and DP-Reduct are explored with two qualitative reducts: the Pawlak-Reduct and knowledge-preservation reduct (KP-Reduct). (5) Finally, verification experiments are provided. CRP-Reduct, SRP-Reduct, and DP-Reduct expand layer by layer Pawlak-Reduct and exhibit quantitative applicability, and the experimental results indicate their effectiveness and hierarchies regarding Pawlak-Reduct and KP-Reduct.

Xianyong Zhang; Duoqian Miao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Transport pathways and signatures of mixing in the extratropical tropopause region derived from Lagrangian model simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,2 I. Pollack,2,3 A. Weinheimer,2 J. Wei,4,5 E. L. Atlas,6 and K. P. Bowman7 Received 6 August 2010 (STE) in the extratropical tropopause region plays an important role in trace gas composition, will be analyzed using tracers of air mass origin in Lagrangian simulations. [3] In situ measurements of trace

Pan, Laura

367

4.6 INVESTIGATION OF MIDDLE EASTERN CLIMATE USING A REGIONAL CLIMATE MODEL Jason Evans*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Caspian Seas in the north, the Mediterranean in the West and the Red Sea and Persian Gulf in the south the Persian Gulf). South of these ranges is a large semi-arid to arid region with relatively little relief

Evans, Jason

368

Results of the Regional Earthquake Likelihood Models (RELM) test of earthquake forecasts in California  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...given in Table 1, as well as background earthquakes...in the test region as well as forecasts that excluded...about 50 km south of the Mexico–United States border...this is the Cerra Prieto geothermal area...earthquake in northern Mexico. This earthquake occurred...

Ya-Ting Lee; Donald L. Turcotte; James R. Holliday; Michael K. Sachs; John B. Rundle; Chien-Chih Chen; Kristy F. Tiampo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Evaluation of models for numerical simulation of the non-neutral region of sheath plasma  

SciTech Connect

Four different electron models are used to simulate the nonequilibrium plasma flow around a representative cylindrical Faraday probe geometry. Each model is implemented in a two-dimensional axisymmetric hybrid electron fluid and particle in cell method. The geometric shadowing model is derived from kinetic theory on the basis that physical obstruction of part of the velocity distribution leads to many of the expected sheath features. The Boltzmann electron fluid model relates the electron density to the plasma potential through the Boltzmann relation. The non-neutral detailed electron fluid model is derived from the electron conservation equations under the assumption of neutrality, and then modified to include non-neutral effects through the electrostatic Poisson equation. The Poisson-consistent detailed electron fluid model is also derived from the conservation equations and the electrostatic Poisson equation, but uses an alternative method that is inherently non-neutral from the outset. Simulations using the geometric shadowing and non-neutral detailed models do not yield satisfactory sheath structures, indicating that these models are not appropriate for sheath simulations. Simulations using the Boltzmann and Poisson-consistent models produce sheath structures that are in excellent agreement with the planar Bohm sheath solution near the centerline of the probe. The computational time requirement for the Poisson-consistent model is much higher than for the Boltzmann model and becomes prohibitive for larger domains.

Boerner, Jeremiah J.; Boyd, Iain D. [Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, FXB Building, 1320 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

A Habitat-based Wind-Wildlife Collision Model with Application to the Upper Great Plains Region  

SciTech Connect

Most previous studies on collision impacts at wind facilities have taken place at the site-specific level and have only examined small-scale influences on mortality. In this study, we examine landscape-level influences using a hierarchical spatial model combined with existing datasets and life history knowledge for: Horned Lark, Red-eyed Vireo, Mallard, American Avocet, Golden Eagle, Whooping Crane, red bat, silver-haired bat, and hoary bat. These species were modeled in the central United States within Bird Conservation Regions 11, 17, 18, and 19. For the bird species, we modeled bird abundance from existing datasets as a function of habitat variables known to be preferred by each species to develop a relative abundance prediction for each species. For bats, there are no existing abundance datasets so we identified preferred habitat in the landscape for each species and assumed that greater amounts of preferred habitat would equate to greater abundance of bats. The abundance predictions for bird and bats were modeled with additional exposure factors known to influence collisions such as visibility, wind, temperature, precipitation, topography, and behavior to form a final mapped output of predicted collision risk within the study region. We reviewed published mortality studies from wind farms in our study region and collected data on reported mortality of our focal species to compare to our modeled predictions. We performed a sensitivity analysis evaluating model performance of 6 different scenarios where habitat and exposure factors were weighted differently. We compared the model performance in each scenario by evaluating observed data vs. our model predictions using spearmans rank correlations. Horned Lark collision risk was predicted to be highest in the northwestern and west-central portions of the study region with lower risk predicted elsewhere. Red-eyed Vireo collision risk was predicted to be the highest in the eastern portions of the study region and in the forested areas of the western portion; the lowest risk was predicted in the treeless portions of the northwest portion of the study area. Mallard collision risk was predicted to be highest in the eastern central portion of the prairie potholes and in Iowa which has a high density of pothole wetlands; lower risk was predicted in the more arid portions of the study area. Predicted collision risk for American Avocet was similar to Mallard and was highest in the prairie pothole region and lower elsewhere. Golden Eagle collision risk was predicted to be highest in the mountainous areas of the western portion of the study area and lowest in the eastern portion of the prairie potholes. Whooping Crane predicted collision risk was highest within the migration corridor that the birds follow through in the central portion of the study region; predicted collision risk was much lower elsewhere. Red bat collision risk was highly driven by large tracts of forest and river corridors which made up most of the areas of higher collision risk. Silver-haired bat and hoary bat predicted collision risk were nearly identical and driven largely by forest and river corridors as well as locations with warmer temperatures, and lower average wind speeds. Horned Lark collisions were mostly influenced by abundance and predictions showed a moderate correlation between observed and predicted mortality (r = 0.55). Red bat, silver-haired bat, and hoary bat predictions were much higher and shown a strong correlations with observed mortality with correlations of 0.85, 0.90, and 0.91 respectively. Red bat collisions were influenced primarily by habitat, while hoary bat and silver-haired bat collisions were influenced mainly by exposure variables. Stronger correlations between observed and predicted collision for bats than for Horned Larks can likely be attributed to stronger habitat associations and greater influences of weather on behavior for bats. Although the collision predictions cannot be compared among species, our model outputs provide a convenient and easy landscape-level tool to quick

Forcey, Greg, M.

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

371

Economics Department Mission Statement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economics Department Mission Statement The mission of the Economics Department at the University of Pittsburgh at Johnstown is to develop the ability of our students to understand economic concepts, and in public policy. The central goals of an education in economics are to acquire: -- an understanding of how

Jiang, Huiqiang

372

Transforming the representation of the boundary layer and low clouds for high-resolution regional climate modeling: Final report  

SciTech Connect

Stratocumulus and shallow cumulus clouds in subtropical oceanic regions (e.g., Southeast Pacific) cover thousands of square kilometers and play a key role in regulating global climate (e.g., Klein and Hartmann, 1993). Numerical modeling is an essential tool to study these clouds in regional and global systems, but the current generation of climate and weather models has difficulties in representing them in a realistic way (e.g., Siebesma et al., 2004; Stevens et al., 2007; Teixeira et al., 2011). While numerical models resolve the large-scale flow, subgrid-scale parameterizations are needed to estimate small-scale properties (e.g. boundary layer turbulence and convection, clouds, radiation), which have significant influence on the resolved scale due to the complex nonlinear nature of the atmosphere. To represent the contribution of these fine-scale processes to the resolved scale, climate models use various parameterizations, which are the main pieces in the model that contribute to the low clouds dynamics and therefore are the major sources of errors or approximations in their representation. In this project, we aim to 1) improve our understanding of the physical processes in thermal circulation and cloud formation, 2) examine the performance and sensitivity of various parameterizations in the regional weather model (Weather Research and Forecasting model; WRF), and 3) develop, implement, and evaluate the advanced boundary layer parameterization in the regional model to better represent stratocumulus, shallow cumulus, and their transition. Thus, this project includes three major corresponding studies. We find that the mean diurnal cycle is sensitive to model domain in ways that reveal the existence of different contributions originating from the Southeast Pacific land-masses. The experiments suggest that diurnal variations in circulations and thermal structures over this region are influenced by convection over the Peruvian sector of the Andes cordillera, while the mostly dry mountain-breeze circulations force an additional component that results in semi-diurnal variations near the coast. A series of numerical tests, however, reveal sensitivity of the simulations to the choice of vertical grid, limiting the possibility of solid quantitative statements on the amplitudes and phases of the diurnal and semidiurnal components across the domain. According to our experiments, the Mellor-Yamada-Nakanishi-Niino (MYNN) boundary layer scheme and the WSM6 microphysics scheme is the combination of schemes that performs best. For that combination, mean cloud cover, liquid water path, and cloud depth are fairly wellsimulated, while mean cloud top height remains too low in comparison to observations. Both microphysics and boundary layer schemes contribute to the spread in liquid water path and cloud depth, although the microphysics contribution is slightly more prominent. Boundary layer schemes are the primary contributors to cloud top height, degree of adiabaticity, and cloud cover. Cloud top height is closely related to surface fluxes and boundary layer structure. Thus, our study infers that an appropriate tuning of cloud top height would likely improve the low-cloud representation in the model. Finally, we show that entrainment governs the degree of adiabaticity, while boundary layer decoupling is a control on cloud cover. In the intercomparison study using WRF single-column model experiments, most parameterizations show a poor agreement of the vertical boundary layer structure when compared with large-eddy simulation models. We also implement a new Total-Energy/Mass- Flux boundary layer scheme into the WRF model and evaluate its ability to simulate both stratocumulus and shallow cumulus clouds. Result comparisons against large-eddy simulation show that this advanced parameterization based on the new Eddy-Diffusivity/Mass-Flux approach provides a better performance than other boundary layer parameterizations.

Huang, Hsin-Yuan; Hall, Alex

2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

373

Regional CO2 and latent heat surface fluxes in the Southern Great Plains: Measurements, modeling, and scaling  

SciTech Connect

Characterizing net ecosystem exchanges (NEE) of CO{sub 2} and sensible and latent heat fluxes in heterogeneous landscapes is difficult, yet critical given expected changes in climate and land use. We report here a measurement and modeling study designed to improve our understanding of surface to atmosphere gas exchanges under very heterogeneous land cover in the mostly agricultural U.S. Southern Great Plains (SGP). We combined three years of site-level, eddy covariance measurements in several of the dominant land cover types with regional-scale climate data from the distributed Mesonet stations and Next Generation Weather Radar precipitation measurements to calibrate a land surface model of trace gas and energy exchanges (isotope-enabled land surface model (ISOLSM)). Yearly variations in vegetation cover distributions were estimated from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer normalized difference vegetation index and compared to regional and subregional vegetation cover type estimates from the U.S. Department of Agriculture census. We first applied ISOLSM at a 250 m spatial scale to account for vegetation cover type and leaf area variations that occur on hundred meter scales. Because of computational constraints, we developed a subsampling scheme within 10 km 'macrocells' to perform these high-resolution simulations. We estimate that the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility SGP region net CO{sub 2} exchange with the local atmosphere was -240, -340, and -270 gC m{sup -2} yr{sup -1} (positive toward the atmosphere) in 2003, 2004, and 2005, respectively, with large seasonal variations. We also performed simulations using two scaling approaches at resolutions of 10, 30, 60, and 90 km. The scaling approach applied in current land surface models led to regional NEE biases of up to 50 and 20% in weekly and annual estimates, respectively. An important factor in causing these biases was the complex leaf area index (LAI) distribution within cover types. Biases in predicted weekly average regional latent heat fluxes were smaller than for NEE, but larger than for either ecosystem respiration or assimilation alone. However, spatial and diurnal variations of hundreds of W m{sup -2} in latent heat fluxes were common. We conclude that, in this heterogeneous system, characterizing vegetation cover type and LAI at the scale of spatial variation are necessary for accurate estimates of bottom-up, regional NEE and surface energy fluxes.

Riley, W. J.; Biraud, S.C.; Torn, M.S.; Fischer, M.L.; Billesbach, D.P.; Berry, J.A.

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

374

Regional climate model data used within the SWURVE project 1:projected changes in seasonal patterns and estimation of PET Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11(3), 10691083, 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regional climate model data used within the SWURVE project 1:projected changes in seasonal patterns) project, assessing the risk posed by future climatic change to various hydrological and hydraulic systems/1069/2007 © Author(s) 2007. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Regional climate model data used

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

375

Modeling the resuspension of radionuclides in Ukranian regions impacted by Chernobyl fallout  

SciTech Connect

Following the 1986 Chernobyl event, large amounts of radioactive materials were deposited in nearby areas. Concentrations of various radionuclides were measured in air and surface soil. To study the resuspension of radioactive particulate, three different exposure situations were developed on the basis of the collected data under the auspices of the international BIOMOVS II (BIOspheric MOdel Validation Study) project. Modelers were asked to predict seasonal air concentrations and resuspension factors at several locations at different distances from Chernobyl for six successive years following the accident. Measurements of radionuclide deposition on topsoil were provided for each site along with information on soil, vegetation, land use, surface roughness, meteorology, and climate. In this paper, the three exposure situations are described, along with the initial data set provided to the modelers; two modeling approaches used to make the endpoint predictions are also presented. After the model predictions were submitted, the measured air concentrations and resuspension factors were released to the modelers. Generally, the predictions were well within an order of magnitude of the measured values. Time-dependent trends in predictions and measurements were in good agreement with one of the models, which (a) explicitly accounted for loss processes in soil and (b) used calibration to improve its predictive capabilities. Reasons for variations between predictions and measurements, suggestions for the improvement of models, and conclusions from the model validation study are presented. 12 refs., 15 figs., 4 tabs.

Nair, S.K.; Thiessen, K.M.; Hoffman, F.O. [SENES Oak Ridge Inc., TN (United States)] [and others

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

The complementary relationship in estimation of regional evapotranspiration: An enhanced Advection-Aridity model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Collins, Colorado Abstract. Long-term monthly evapotranspiration estimates from Brutsaert and Stricker and Stricker's [1979] Advection- Aridity (AA) model, exhibit two very different approaches to parameterizing

Ramírez, Jorge A.

377

Hadron Production Model Developments and Benchmarking in the 0.7 - 12 GeV Energy Region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Driven by the needs of the intensity frontier projects with their Megawatt beams, e.g., ESS, FAIR and Project X, and their experiments, the event generators of the MARS15 code have been recently improved. After thorough analysis and benchmarking against data, including the newest ones by the HARP collaboration, both the exclusive and inclusive particle production models were further developed in the crucial for the above projects - but difficult from a theoretical standpoint - projectile energy region of 0.7 to 12 GeV. At these energies, modelling of prompt particle production in nucleon-nucleon and pion-nucleon inelastic reactions is now based on a combination of phase-space and isobar models. Other reactions are still modeled in the framework of the Quark-Gluon String Model. Pion, kaon and strange particle production and propagation in nuclear media are improved. For the alternative inclusive mode, experimental data on large-angle (> 20 degrees) pion production in hadron-nucleus interactions are parameterized in a broad energy range using a two-source model. It is mixed-and-matched with the native MARS model that successfully describes low-angle pion production data. Predictions of both new models are - in most cases - in a good agreement with experimental data obtained at CERN, JINR, LANL, BNL and KEK.

N. V. Mokhov; K. K. Gudima; S. I. Striganov

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

378

Development of an economical model to determine an appropriate feed-in tariff for grid-connected solar PV electricity in all states of Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Australia is a country with a vast amount of natural resources including sun and wind. Australia lies between latitude of 10–45°S and longitude of 112–152°E, with a daily solar exposure of between less than 3 MJ/(m2 day) in winter and more than 30 MJ/(m2 day) in summer. Global solar radiation in Australia varies between minimum of 3285 MJ/(m2 year) in Hobart to 8760 MJ/(m2 year) in Northern Territory. As a result of this wide range of radiation level there will be a big difference between costs of solar PV electricity in different locations. A study we have recently conducted on the solar PV electricity price in all states of Australia. For this purpose we have developed an economical model and a computer simulation to determine the accurate unit price of grid-connected roof-top solar photovoltaic (PV) electricity in A$/kWh for all state of Australia. The benefit of this computer simulation is that we can accurately determine the most appropriate feed-in tariff of grid-connected solar PV energy system. The main objective of this paper is to present the results of this study. A further objective of this paper is to present the details of the unit price of solar PV electricity in the state of Victoria in each month and then to compare with electricity price from conventional power systems, which is currently applied to this state. The state Victoria is located south of Australia and in terms of sun radiation is second lowest compared with the other Australian states. The computer simulation developed for this study makes it possible to determine the cost of grid-connected solar PV electricity at any location in any country based on availability of average daily solar exposure of each month as well as economical factors of the country.

A. Zahedi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Regional GHG Emissions Stat s Greenhouse Gas and the Regional  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6/5/2013 1 Regional GHG Emissions Stat s Greenhouse Gas and the Regional Power System Symposium Regional GHG Emissions ­ Status June 4, 2013 Gillian Charles A few clarifications This presentation and ½ Valmy coal plants) 2 #12;6/5/2013 2 GHG Emissions by Economic Sector in the Pacific Northwest (2010

380

Master in Advanced Economics, curriculum Economic analysis Master in Advanced Economics, curriculum Economic analysis aims to provide a broad education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Master in Advanced Economics, curriculum Economic analysis Master in Advanced Economics, curriculum Economic analysis aims to provide a broad education in the fields of methods, techniques and professional that work into European and International areas. Economic analysis curriculum especially focuses

Di Pillo, Gianni

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Annotated Bibliography of Economic and Biological Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and water pollution. As a result, the bibliography became much more extensive then originally planned. While Richard Raulerson, Assistant Regional Director for Economics and Trade Analysis, Southeast Regional Office of a Part-Time Eel Fishing Enterprise. Sea Grant Publication UNC-SG-77-02, Center for Urban Affairs

382

Air Quality Model Evaluation International Initiative (AQMEII): A Two-Continent Effort for the Evaluation of Regional Air Quality Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the endorsement and support from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, European Commission, and Environment Canada, a project entitled Air Quality Model Evaluation International Initiative (AQMEII) was.....

S. T. Rao; Rohit Mathur; Christian Hogrefe…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Economic Impacts of a Wide Area Release of Anthrax  

SciTech Connect

This analysis explores economic impacts that might result from a wide-area release of anthrax. The intent is not to provide a quantitative analysis of such a disaster, but to: 1. Define the general categories of economic impacts that the region should be concerned about; and, 2. Explore what types of private sector businesses or industries, if any, may have the greatest impact on speeding the economic recovery of the region.

Judd, Kathleen S.; Olson, Jarrod; Stein, Steven L.; Lesperance, Ann M.

2009-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

384

Observed Scaling in Clouds and Precipitation and Scale Incognizance in Regional to Global Atmospheric Models  

SciTech Connect

We use observations of robust scaling behavior in clouds and precipitation to derive constraints on how partitioning of precipitation should change with model resolution. Our analysis indicates that 90-99% of stratiform precipitation should occur in clouds that are resolvable by contemporary climate models (e.g., with 200 km or finer grid spacing). Furthermore, this resolved fraction of stratiform precipitation should increase sharply with resolution, such that effectively all stratiform precipitation should be resolvable above scales of ~50 km. We show that the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM) and the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model also exhibit the robust cloud and precipitation scaling behavior that is present in observations, yet the resolved fraction of stratiform precipitation actually decreases with increasing model resolution. A suite of experiments with multiple dynamical cores provides strong evidence that this `scale-incognizant' behavior originates in one of the CAM4 parameterizations. An additional set of sensitivity experiments rules out both convection parameterizations, and by a process of elimination these results implicate the stratiform cloud and precipitation parameterization. Tests with the CAM5 physics package show improvements in the resolution-dependence of resolved cloud fraction and resolved stratiform precipitation fraction.

O'Brien, Travis A.; Li, Fuyu; Collins, William D.; Rauscher, Sara; Ringler, Todd; Taylor, Mark; Hagos, Samson M.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

The relationship of the Yucca Mountain repository block to the regional ground-water system: A geochemical model  

SciTech Connect

Yucca Mountain, in southern Nevada, is being studied by the Department of Energy and the State of Nevada as the site of a high-level nuclear waste repository. Geochemical and isotopic modeling were used in this study to define the relationship of the volcanic tuff aquifers and aquitards to the underlying regional carbonate ground-water system. The chemical evolution of a ground water as it passes through a hypothetical tuffaceous aquifer was developed using computer models PHREEQE, WATEQDR and BALANCE. The tuffaceous system was divided into five parts, with specific mineralogies, reaction steps and temperatures. The initial solution was an analysis of a soil water from Rainier Mesa. The ending solution in each part became the initial solution in the next part. Minerals consisted of zeolites, smectites, authigenic feldspars and quartz polymorphs from described diagentic mineral zones. Reaction steps were ion exchange with zeolites. The solution from the final zone, Part V, was chosen as most representative, in terms of pH, element molalities and mineral solubilities, of tuffaceous water. This hypothetical volcanic water from Part V was mixed with water from the regional carbonate aquifer, and the results compared to analyses of Yucca Mountain wells. Mixing and modeling attempts were conducted on wells in which studies indicated upward flow.

Matuska, N.A.; Hess, J.W. [Nevada Univ., Reno, NV (United States). Water Resources Center

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

State-led metropolitan governance in China: Making integrated city regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Scholars have widely discussed the issue of how to govern rapidly growing metropolitan regions under the economic, social and political pressures of globalization. Many have argued for a metropolitan governance approach that involves less government regulation and more flexible arrangements between public and civic sectors. However, in countries like China, where a traditionally centralized state controls most resources and seeks to impose its vision for metropolitan development, a strong state-led approach is widely adopted. This article analyzes such a state-led model in China and identifies the economic and political factors that contribute to such development. It is suggested that metropolitan governance in China has formed a strong top-down, “dirigiste type” model to achieve state objectives. Findings are drawn from field observation, archival research and socio-economic data analysis in the Guangzhou–Foshan metropolitan region of the Pearl River Delta region in China.

Lin Ye

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Model calculations of radiative capture of nucleons in MeV region  

SciTech Connect

We address calculations of the neutron and the proton radiative capture at incident energies up to 20 MeV on medium and heavy nuclei. The main formalism used is the pre-equilibrium (exciton) model of {gamma} emission. A link to the Consistent Direct-Semidirect model is noticed as well. The resulting pre-equilibrium (plus equilibrium) calculations of the radiative capture excitation functions are compared to experimental data and also some cross section trends important for possible production of therapeutic radioisotopes are extracted.

Betak, E. [Institute of Physics, Slovak Acad. Sciences, 84511 Bratislava (Slovakia); Faculty of Philosophy and Sciences, Silesian Univ., 74601 Opava (Czech Republic)

2006-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

388

Quantification and characterization of regional seismic signals from cast blasting in mines: a linear elastic model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......detonalions that sometimes accompany standard blasting operations. The models...past signal character. We also plan to study the effects of imperfect...pulse with, xf.A thorough review by Michael Hedlin is also appreciated...explosions from simultaneous mining blasts, Bull. seism. Soc......

Sridhar Anandakrishnan; Steven R. Taylor; Brian W. Stump

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Modeling the Dynamics of Desakota Regions: Global - Local Nexus in the Taipei Metropolitan Area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

develops a GIS-based CA framework based on the desakota model to not only simulate the unique urbanization processes in Asia but also integrate the influence of globalization into Asian urban dynamics. Three approaches are developed in the CA simulation: 1...

Wu, Bing-Sheng

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

390

Regions of nonexistence of invariant tori for spin-orbit models Alessandra Cellettia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

character of the motion. © 2007 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.2811880 Nearly integrable of the evolved satellites of the solar system are seen to move in a synchronous resonance; the only exception computational effort. II. THE SPIN-ORBIT MODEL Let S be a triaxial satellite orbiting around a central planet

MacKay, Robert S.

391

11.437 Financing Economic Development, Fall 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Focuses on financing tools and program models to support local economic development. Includes an overview of private capital markets and financing sources to understand capital market imperfections that constrain economic ...

Seidman, Karl F.

392

The artificial neural network model to estimate the photovoltaic modul efficiency for all regions of the Turkey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Artificial neural network (ANN) is a useful tool that using estimates behavior of the most of engineering applications. In the present study, ANN model has been used to estimate the temperature, efficiency and power of the Photovoltaic module according to outlet air temperature and solar radiation. An experimental system consisted photovoltaic module, heating and cooling sub systems, proportional integral derivative (PID) control unit was designed and built. Tests were realized at the outdoors for the constant ambient air temperatures of photovoltaic module. To preserve ambient air temperature at the determined constant values as 10, 20, 30 and 40 °C, cooling and heating subsystems which connected PID control unit were used in the test apparatus. Ambient air temperature, solar radiation, back surface of the photovoltaic module temperature was measured in the experiments. Obtained data were used to estimate the photovoltaic module temperature, efficiency and power with using ANN approach for all 7 region of the Turkey. The study dealing with this paper not only will beneficial for the limited region but also in all region of Turkey which will be thought established of photovoltaic panels by the manufacturer, researchers and etc.

?lhan Ceylan; Engin Gedik; Okan Erkaymaz; Ali Etem Gürel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

The sine-Gordon model and the small {kappa}{sup +} region of light- cone perturbation theory  

SciTech Connect

The non-perturbative ultraviolet divergence of the sine-Gordon model is used to study the k{sup +} = 0 region of light-cone perturbation theory. The light-cone vacuum is shown to be unstable at the non- perturbative {beta}{sup 2} = 8{pi} critical point by a light-cone version of Coleman`s variational method. Vacuum bubbles, which are k{sup +} = 0 diagram in light-cone field theory and are individually finite and non-vanishing for all {beta}, conspire to generate ultraviolet divergences of the light-cone energy density. The k{sup +} = 0 region of momentum also contributed to connected Green`s functions: the connected two point function will not diverge, as it should, at the critical point unless diagrams which contribute only at k {sup +} = 0 are properly included. This analysis shows in a simple way how the k {sup +} = 0 region cannot be ignored even for connected diagrams. This phenomenon is expected to occur in higher dimensional gauge theories starting at two loop order in light-cone perturbation theory.

Griffin, P.A.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

CHARTING BC'S ECONOMIC FUTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHARTING BC'S ECONOMIC FUTURE discussionguide 100communityconversations #12;1 Thank you for agreeing to participate in this Community Conversation about BC's economic future. Each year Simon Fraser is "Charting BC's Economic Future". Faced with an increasingly competitive global economy, it is more important

Kavanagh, Karen L.

395

Economic Evaluation of Radiopharmaceutical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

97-2 Planning Report Economic Evaluation of Radiopharmaceutical Research at NIST U.S Department Radiation Division Physics Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology #12;Economic Evaluation of Standards and Technology by Albert N. Link Professor of Economics University of North Carolina at Greensboro

396

Economic Value of Agricultural  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Value of Agricultural Research Public Investment in Texas Agricultural Research Yields Significant Economic Returns #12;Texas agricultural producers and especially consumers benefit directly from in the Department of Agricultural Economics at Texas A&M University conducted analyses using an agriculture

397

Economic benefits of an economizer system: Energy savings and reduced sick leave  

SciTech Connect

This study estimated the health, energy, and economic benefits of an economizer ventilation control system that increases outside air supply during mild weather to save energy. A model of the influence of ventilation rate on airborne transmission of respiratory illnesses was used to extend the limited data relating ventilation rate with illness and sick leave. An energy simulation model calculated ventilation rates and energy use versus time for an office building in Washington, D.C. with fixed minimum outdoor air supply rates, with and without an economizer. Sick leave rates were estimated with the disease transmission model. In the modeled 72-person office building, our analyses indicate that the economizer reduces energy costs by approximately $2000 and, in addition, reduces sick leave. The annual financial benefit of the decrease in sick leave is estimated to be between $6,000 and $16,000. This modeling suggests that economizers are much more cost effective than currently recognized.

Fisk, William J.; Seppanen, Olli; Faulkner, David; Huang, Joe

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Investigation of Aerosol Indirect Effects using a Cumulus Microphysics Parameterization in a Regional Climate Model  

SciTech Connect

A new Zhang and McFarlane (ZM) cumulus scheme includes a two-moment cloud microphysics parameterization for convective clouds. This allows aerosol effects to be investigated more comprehensively by linking aerosols with microphysical processes in both stratiform clouds that are explicitly resolved and convective clouds that are parameterized in climate models. This new scheme is implemented in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, which is coupled with the physics and aerosol packages from the Community Atmospheric Model version 5 (CAM5). A test case of July 2008 during the East Asian summer monsoon is selected to evaluate the performance of the new ZM scheme and to investigate aerosol effects on monsoon precipitation. The precipitation and radiative fluxes simulated by the new ZM scheme show a better agreement with observations compared to simulations with the original ZM scheme that does not include convective cloud microphysics and aerosol convective cloud interactions. Detailed analysis suggests that an increase in detrained cloud water and ice mass by the new ZM scheme is responsible for this improvement. To investigate precipitation response to increased anthropogenic aerosols, a sensitivity experiment is performed that mimics a clean environment by reducing the primary aerosols and anthropogenic emissions to 30% of that used in the control simulation of a polluted environment. The simulated surface precipitation is reduced by 9.8% from clean to polluted environment and the reduction is less significant when microphysics processes are excluded from the cumulus clouds. Ensemble experiments with ten members under each condition (i.e., clean and polluted) indicate similar response of the monsoon precipitation to increasing aerosols.

Lim, Kyo-Sun; Fan, Jiwen; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Ma, Po-Lun; Singh, Balwinder; Zhao, Chun; Zhang, Yang; Zhang, Guang; Song, Xiaoliang

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

399

A solar active region loop compared with a 2D MHD model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyzed a coronal loop observed with the Normal Incidence Spectrometer (NIS), which is part of the Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer (CDS) on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). The measured Doppler shifts and proper motions along the selected loop strongly indicate unidirectional flows. Analysing the Emission Measure Curves of the observed spectral lines, we estimated that the temperature along the loop was about 380000 K. We adapted a solution of the ideal MHD steady equations to our set of measurements. The derived energy balance along the loop, as well as the advantages/disadvantages of this MHD model for understanding the characteristics of solar coronal loops are discussed.

Gontikakis, C; Dara, H C; Tsinganos, K

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

A solar active region loop compared with a 2D MHD model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyzed a coronal loop observed with the Normal Incidence Spectrometer (NIS), which is part of the Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer (CDS) on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). The measured Doppler shifts and proper motions along the selected loop strongly indicate unidirectional flows. Analysing the Emission Measure Curves of the observed spectral lines, we estimated that the temperature along the loop was about 380000 K. We adapted a solution of the ideal MHD steady equations to our set of measurements. The derived energy balance along the loop, as well as the advantages/disadvantages of this MHD model for understanding the characteristics of solar coronal loops are discussed.

C. Gontikakis; G. J. D. Petrie; H. C. Dara; K. Tsinganos

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

An integrated assessment modeling framework for uncertainty studies in global and regional climate change: the MIT IGSM-CAM (version 1.0)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes a computationally efficient framework for uncertainty studies in global and regional climate change. In this framework, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model ...

Monier, Erwan

402

Data Center Economizer Cooling with Tower Water; Demonstration of a Dual Heat Exchanger Rack Cooling Device  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-XXXXX Data Center Economizer Cooling with Tower Water;included a water- side economizer. This model estimated theand without a water-side economizer and including or not

Greenberg, Steve

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

The economics of US greenhouse gas emissions reduction policy : assessing distributional effects across households and the 50 United States using a recursive dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The political economy of US climate policy has revolved around state- and district- level distributional economics, and to a lesser extent household-level distribution questions. Many politicians and analysts have suggested ...

Look, Wesley Allen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Tritium transport in the NuMI decay pipe region - modeling and comparison with experimental data  

SciTech Connect

The NuMI (Neutrinos at Main Injector) beam facility at Fermilab is designed to produce an intense beam of muon neutrinos to be sent to the MINOS underground experiment in Soudan, Minnesota. Neutrinos are created by the decay of heavier particles. In the case of NuMI, the decaying particles are created by interaction of high-energy protons in a target, creating mostly positive pions. These particles can also interact with their environment, resulting in production of a variety of short-lived radionuclides and tritium. In the NuMI beam, neutrinos are produced by 120 GeV protons from the Fermilab Main Injector accelerator which are injected into the NuMI beam line using single turn extraction. The beam line has been designed for 400 kW beam power, roughly a factor of 2 above the initial (2005-06) running conditions. Extracted protons are bent downwards at a 57mr angle towards the Soudan Laboratory. The meson production target is a 94 cm segmented graphite rod, cooled by water in stainless tubes on the top and bottom of the target. The target is followed by two magnetic horns which are pulsed to 200 kA in synchronization with the passage of the beam, producing focusing of the secondary hadron beam and its daughter neutrinos. Downstream of the second horn the meson beam is transported for 675 m in an evacuated 2 m diameter beam (''decay'') pipe. Subsequently, the residual mesons and protons are absorbed in a water cooled aluminum/steel absorber immediately downstream of the decay pipe. Some 200 m of rock further downstream ranges out all of the residual muons. During beam operations, after installation of the chiller condensate system in December 2005, the concentration of tritiated water in the MINOS sump flow of 177 gpm was around 12 pCi/ml, for a total of 0.010 pCi/day. A simple model of tritium transport and deposition via humidity has been constructed to aid in understanding how tritium reaches the sump water. The model deals with tritium transported as HTO, water in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced with tritium. Based on concepts supported by the modeling, a dehumidification system was installed during May 2006 that reduced the tritium level in the sump by a factor of two. This note is primarily concerned with tritium that was produced in the NuMI target pile, carried by air flow into the target hall and down the decay pipe passageway (where most of it was deposited). The air is exhausted through the existing air vent shaft EAV2 (Figure 1).

Hylen, J.; Plunkett, R.; /Fermilab

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

CSUF Economic Outlook and Forecasts MidYear Update -April 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSUF Economic Outlook and Forecasts MidYear Update - April 2013 Anil Puri & Mira Farka Mihaylo College of Business and Economics California State University, Fullerton U.S. Economic Outlook to the forecast and a are-up in the region can easily derail the global economic recovery. Nonetheless

de Lijser, Peter

406

Economic Impacts of the Arkstorm Scenario1 Ian Sue Wing1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Impacts of the Arkstorm Scenario1 Ian Sue Wing1 ; Adam Z. Rose2 ; and Anne M. Wein3 2 3 equilibrium model of the California economy to perform this economic consequence analysis.8 Economic and wind damages, economic impacts; business18 interruption; economic resilience; computable general

Wing, Ian Sue

407

Energy grades and economic growth  

SciTech Connect

In 1709 William Darby invented the coking process that led to the use of coal in eighteenth century England. From an economic standpoint, one could say that this event more than any other ushered in the industrial revolution with its dependence on coal and steel produced with coal. However, from an engineering perspective, there is another cause of the industrial revolution that is more subtle-the physical makeup of the energy resources available to England. According to Simon Kuznets, an economic epoch, i.e., a period of time defined by rapid population increase for a given region, {open_quotes}is determined and shaped by the application and ramification of an {open_quote}epochal{close_quote} innovation{close_quotes}, in other words, new significant technologies.

Reynolds, D.B.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

408

Three Essays on Energy Economics and Forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation contains three independent essays relating energy economics. The first essay investigates price asymmetry of diesel in South Korea by using the error correction model. Analyzing weekly market prices in the pass-through of crude oil...

Shin, Yoon Sung

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

409

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007-Low Economic Growth Case Projection  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C1 World Total Energy Consumption by Region Table C1. World Total Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table C2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

410

EIA - High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2006 High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 13 complete) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region, High Economic Growth Case High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

411

A Low Carbon Economic Strategy for Scotland | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Carbon Economic Strategy for Scotland Low Carbon Economic Strategy for Scotland Jump to: navigation, search Name A Low Carbon Economic Strategy for Scotland Agency/Company /Organization Government of Scotland Sector Energy, Land Topics Market analysis, Background analysis Website http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Res Country United Kingdom UN Region Western Europe References A Low Carbon Economic Strategy for Scotland[1] Abstract The Low Carbon Economic Strategy is an integral part of the Government's Economic Strategy (GES) to secure sustainable economic growth, and is a key component of our broader approach to meeting Scotland's climate change targets and securing the transition to a low carbon economy in Scotland "The Low Carbon Economic Strategy is an integral part of the Government's

412

Economic Development | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Economic Development Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy Additive Manufacturing Cluster Strategy Entrepreneurial Development Programs Oak Ridge Science and Technology Park Economic...

413

Philippine Management Review (Special Issue) 2011, Vol. 18, 97113. Banking Industry Structure and Economic Activities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the renewed interest in the role of financial intermediation in the economic growth process. The emergence and Economic Activities: A Regional Approach for the Philippines Jessica Los Bañosa , Céline Meslier and economic activity at the regional level in the Philippines. We apply a principal component

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

414

Comparison of MAGIC and Diatom paleolimnological model hindcasts of lakewater acidification in the Adirondack region of New York  

SciTech Connect

Thirty-three lakes that had been statistically selected as part of the US Environmental Protection Agency's Eastern Lake Survey and Direct Delayed Response Project (DDRP) were used to compare the MAGIC (watershed) and Diatom (paleolimnological) models. The study lakes represented a well-defined group of Adirondack lakes, each larger than 4 ha in area and having acid-neutralizing capacity (ANC) <400 {mu}eq L{sup {minus}1}. The study first compared current and pre-industrial (before 1850) pH and ANC estimates from Diatom and MAGIC as they were calibrated in the preceding Paleocological Investigation of Recent Lake Acidification (PIRLA) and DDRP studies, respectively. Initially, the comparison of hindcasts of pre-industrial chemistry was confounded by seasonal and methodological differences in lake chemistry data used in calibration of the model. Although certain differences proved to be of little significance for comparison, MAGIC did predict significantly higher pre-industrial ANC and pH values than did Diatom, using calibrations in the preceding studies. Both models suggest acidification of low ANC Adirondack region lakes since preindustrial times, but differ primarily in that MAGIC inferred greater acidification and that acidification has occurred in all lakes in the comparison, whereas Diatom inferred that acidification has been restricted to low ANC lakes (

Sullivan, T.J.; Bernert, J.A.; Eliers, J.M. (E and S Environmental Chemistry, Corvallis, OR (USA)); Jenne, E.A. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Cosby, B.J. (Duke Univ., Durham, NC (USA). School of Forestry and Environmental Studies); Charles, D.F.; Selle, A.R. (Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR (USA). Environmental Research Lab.)

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Gaseous Chemistry and Aerosol Mechanism Developments for Version 3.5.1 of the Online Regional Model, WRF-Chem  

SciTech Connect

We have made a number of developments in the regional coupled model WRF-Chem, with the aim of making the model more suitable for prediction of atmospheric composition and of interactions between air quality and weather. We have worked on the European domain, with a particular focus on making the model suitable for the study of night time chemistry and oxidation by the nitrate radical in the UK atmosphere. A reduced form of the Common Reactive Intermediates gas-phase chemical mechanism (CRIv2-R5) has been implemented to enable more explicit simulation of VOC degradation. N2O5 heterogeneous chemistry has been added to the existing sectional MOSAIC aerosol module, and coupled to both the CRIv2-R5 and existing CBM-Z gas phase scheme. Modifications have also been made to the sea-spray aerosol emission representation, allowing the inclusion of primary organic material in sea-spray aerosol. Driven by appropriate emissions, wind fields and chemical boundary conditions, implementation of the different developments is illustrated in order to demonstrate the impact that these changes have in the North-West European domain. These developments are now part of the freely available WRF-Chem distribution.

Archer-Nicholls, Scott; Lowe, Douglas; Utembe, Steve; Allan, James D.; Zaveri, Rahul A.; Fast, Jerome D.; Hodnebrog, Oivind; Denier van der Gon, Hugo; McFiggans, Gordon

2014-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

416

the Regional Development Corporation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

carry out this work, CPO partners carry out this work, CPO partners with the Los Alamos National Laboratory Foundation for education, the Regional Development Corporation for economic development, and the regional United Way organizations for community giving. Education Los Alamos National Security (LANS) invests more than $1 million each year to enhance regional educational opportunities in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education. Education Focus Areas Our education commitments address four focus areas: * Workforce Development * Student Internships * Teacher and Faculty Professional Development * Public Understanding of Science In 2011, more than 1,100 students

417

Comment on “Modeling and prediction of natural gas fracking pad landscapes in the Marcellus Shale region, USA” by Qingming Meng  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In modeling and prediction of natural gas fracking pad landscapes in the Marcellus Shale region, USA, the author asserts that landscape and environmental characteristics are the driving factors behind the siting of natural gas pads in the southwestern area of the Marcellus Shale, Pennsylvania, USA. In the article, the author largely dismisses the importance of geology for site prediction. Although the study is useful for understanding landscape characteristics in a small area of the Marcellus Shale, his premise that “the key variables for natural gas fracking can be landscape and environmental variables rather than geological variables” is flawed and thus could lead to erroneous assumptions when creating land use plans. A more reasonable assumption is that the surface siting of natural gas wells is secondary to geologic considerations, as the current topography bears little influence on the geology.

Wendy A. Klein; Alex K. Manda

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Sensitivity of North American agriculture to ENSO-based climate scenarios and their socio-economic consequences: Modeling in an integrated assessment framework  

SciTech Connect

A group of Canadian, US and Mexican natural resource specialists, organized by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) under its North American Energy, Environment and Economy (NA3E) Program, has applied a simulation modeling approach to estimating the impact of ENSO-driven climatic variations on the productivity of major crops grown in the three countries. Methodological development is described and results of the simulations presented in this report. EPIC (the Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator) was the agro-ecosystem model selected-for this study. EPIC uses a daily time step to simulate crop growth and yield, water use, runoff and soil erosion among other variables. The model was applied to a set of so-called representative farms parameterized through a specially-assembled Geographic Information System (GIS) to reflect the soils, topography, crop management and weather typical of the regions represented. Fifty one representative farms were developed for Canada, 66 for the US and 23 for Mexico. El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) scenarios for the EPIC simulations were created using the historic record of sea-surface temperature (SST) prevailing in the eastern tropical Pacific for the period October 1--September 30. Each year between 1960 and 1989 was thus assigned to an ENSO category or state. The ENSO states were defined as El Nino (EN, SST warmer than the long-term mean), Strong El Nino (SEN, much warmer), El Viejo (EV, cooler) and Neutral (within {+-}0.5 C of the long-term mean). Monthly means of temperature and precipitation were then calculated at each farm for the period 1960--1989 and the differences (or anomalies) between the means in Neutral years and EN, SEN and EV years determined. The average monthly anomalies for each ENSO state were then used to create new monthly statistics for each farm and ENSO-state combination. The adjusted monthly statistics characteristic of each ENSO state were then used to drive a stochastic-weather simulator that provided 30 years of daily-weather data needed to run EPIC. Maps and tables of the climate anomalies by farm show climatic conditions that differ considerably by region, season and ENSO state.

Rosenberg, N.J.; Izaurralde, R.C.; Brown, R.A.; Sands, R.D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Legler, D. [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States). Center for Ocean Atmosphere Prediction Studies; Srinivasan, R. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Blacklands Research Center; Tiscareno-Lopez, M.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

MODELING STATISTICAL PROPERTIES OF SOLAR ACTIVE REGIONS THROUGH DIRECT NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF 3D-MHD TURBULENCE  

SciTech Connect

Statistical properties of the Sun's photospheric turbulent magnetic field, especially those of the active regions (ARs), have been studied using the line-of-sight data from magnetograms taken by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory and several other instruments. This includes structure functions and their exponents, flatness curves, and correlation functions. In these works, the dependence of structure function exponents ({zeta}{sub p}) of the order of the structure functions (p) was modeled using a non-intermittent K41 model. It is now well known that the ARs are highly turbulent and are associated with strong intermittent events. In this paper, we compare some of the observations from Abramenko et al. with the log-Poisson model used for modeling intermittent MHD turbulent flows. Next, we analyze the structure function data obtained from the direct numerical simulations (DNS) of homogeneous, incompressible 3D-MHD turbulence in three cases: sustained by forcing, freely decaying, and a flow initially driven and later allowed to decay (case 3). The respective DNS replicate the properties seen in the plots of {zeta}{sub p} against p of ARs. We also reproduce the trends and changes observed in intermittency in flatness and correlation functions of ARs. It is suggested from this analysis that an AR in the onset phase of a flare can be treated as a forced 3D-MHD turbulent system in its simplest form and that the flaring stage is representative of decaying 3D-MHD turbulence. It is also inferred that significant changes in intermittency from the initial onset phase of a flare to its final peak flaring phase are related to the time taken by the system to reach the initial onset phase.

Malapaka, Shiva Kumar; Mueller, Wolf-Christian [Max-Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Boltzmannstrasse 2, D-85748 Garching bei Muenchen (Germany)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Economic Development Office  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contacts Gary Spanner Economic Development Office Manager 509372-4296 ROB1210 Robin Conger Program Manager 509372-4328 ROB1221 Bernard Hansen Entrepreneurial Programs Manager...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Economics (College of Arts and Sciences) The economics major focuses on economics as a social science.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economics (College of Arts and Sciences) The economics major focuses on economics as a social in the world? What types of political regimes best promote economic development? Are resource-rich developing countries cursed? Are drug cartels economically sound? Can humans work towards a better economic basis

Miles, Will

422

Collaborative Research: Towards Advanced Understanding and Predictive Capability of Climate Change in the Arctic using a High-Resolution Regional Arctic Climate System Model  

SciTech Connect

Primary activities are reported in these areas: climate system component studies via one-way coupling experiments; development of the Regional Arctic Climate System Model (RACM); and physical feedback studies focusing on changes in Arctic sea ice using the fully coupled model.

Lettenmaier, Dennis P

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

423

JOBS FC 1.1 (JOBS and economic impacts of Fuel Cells)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 (JOBS and economic impacts of Fuel Cells)* Marianne Mintz, Jerry Gillette and John Molburg, Argonne National Laboratory Eric Stewart and Catherine Mertes, RCF Economic & Financial Consulting December 11, 2012 *Funded by EERE-FCT Program 2 Outline  Welcome and Introductions  Overview of JOBS FC - Marianne Mintz - Approach - Functionality  Demo - Eric Stewart  Acknowledgements & Next Steps - Marianne Mintz  Questions 3 JOBS FC models input-output effects of FC deployment (JOBS and economic impacts of Fuel Cells) * JOBS FC is a user-friendly spreadsheet- based tool that calculates direct, indirect and induced job creation, wages and sales resulting from FC production, installation, operation and fueling. * JOBS FC uses Regional Input-Output

424

POLITICAL ECONOMYPOLITICAL ECONOMYPOLITICAL ECONOMY This major explores the intersection of economics with politics in domestic and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

POLITICAL ECONOMYPOLITICAL ECONOMYPOLITICAL ECONOMY This major explores the intersection of economics with politics in domestic and international contexts. It prepares students for engagement with global and regional questions that require analysis of economic and political causes and consequences

Krylov, Anna I.

425

Economic transformation capacities and developmental countermeasures of coal-resource-based counties of China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In China, the economic systems of many small-scale resource-based ... regions are confronted with realizing sustainable development through economic transformation. This paper, taking 37 coal-resource-based count...

Shijun Wang; Lili Jiang

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Hypocenter relocation using a fast grid search method and a 3-D seismic velocity model for the Sumatra region  

SciTech Connect

Determination of earthquake hypocenter in Indonesia conducted by the Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency (MCGA) has still used a 1-D seismic velocity model. In this research, we have applied a Fast Grid Search (FGM) method and a 3-D velocity model resulting from tomographic imaging to relocate earthquakes in the Sumatran region. The data were taken from the MCGA data catalog from 2009 to 2011 comprising of subduction zone and on land fault earthquakes with magnitude greater than 4 Mw. Our preliminary results show some significant changes in the depths of the relocated earthquakes which are in general deeper than the depths of hypocenters from the MCGA data catalog. The residual times resulting from the relocation process are smaller than those prior to the relocation. Encouraged by these results, we will continue to conduct hypocenter relocation for all events from the MCGA data catalog periodically in order to produce a new data catalog with good quality. We hope that the new data catalog will be useful for further studies.

Nugroho, Hendro [Study Program of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Technology, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia and Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency, Jl. Angkasa 1 No. 2, Kemayoran, Jakar (Indonesia)] [Study Program of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Technology, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia and Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency, Jl. Angkasa 1 No. 2, Kemayoran, Jakar (Indonesia); Widiyantoro, Sri [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)] [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia); Nugraha, Andri Dian [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technologyc Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)] [Global Geophysics Research Group, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Institute of Technologyc Bandung, Jl. Ganesha No. 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

2013-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

427

Deformed shell model results for neutrinoless double beta decay of nuclei in A=60-90 region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear transition matrix elements (NTME) for the neutrinoless double beta decay of $^{70}$Zn, $^{80}$Se and $^{82}$Se nuclei are calculated within the framework of the deformed shell model based on Hartree-Fock states. For $^{70}$Zn, jj44b interaction in $^{2}p_{3/2}$, $^{1}f_{5/2}$, $^{2}p_{1/2}$ and $^{1}g_{9/2}$ space with $^{56}$Ni as the core is employed. However, for $^{80}$Se and $^{82}$Se nuclei, a modified Kuo interaction with the above core and model space are employed. Most of our calculations in this region were performed with this effective interaction. However, jj44b interaction has been found to be better for $^{70}$Zn. After ensuring that DSM gives good description of the spectroscopic properties of low-lying levels in these three nuclei considered, the NTME are calculated. The deduced half-lives with these NTME, assuming neutrino mass is 1 eV, are $9.6 \\times 10^{25}$yr, $1.9 \\times 10^{27}$yr and $1.95 \\times 10^{24}$yr for $^{70}$Zn, $^{80}$Se and $^{82}$Se, respectively.

Sahu, R

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Economic Predictions for Heat Mining: A Review and Analysis of Hot Dry Rock (HDR) Geothermal Energy Technology  

SciTech Connect

The main objectives of this study were first, to review and analyze several economic assessments of Hot Dry Rock (HDR) geothermal energy systems, and second, to reformulate an economic model for HDR with revised cost components. The economic models reviewed include the following studies sponsored by Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)-Cummings and Morris (1979), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)-Murphy, et al. (1982), United Kingdom (UK)-Shock (1986), Japan-Hori, et al. (1986), Meridian-Entingh (1987) and Bechtel (1988). A general evaluation of the technical feasibility of HDR technology components was also conducted in view of their importance in establishing drilling and reservoir performance parameters required for any economic assessment. In this review, only economic projections for base load electricity produced from HDR systems were considered. Bases of 1989 collars ($) were selected to normalize costs. Following the evaluation of drilling and reservoir performance, power plant choices and cost estimates are discussed in section 6 of the report. In Section 7, the six economics studies cited above are reviewed and compared in terms of their key resource, reservoir and plant performance, and cost assumptions. Based on these comparisons, the report estimates parameters for three composite cases. Important parameters include: (1) resource quality-average geothermal gradient (C/km) and well depth, (2) reservoir performance-effective productivity, flow impedance, and lifetime (thermal drawdown rate), (3) cost components-drilling, reservoir formation, and power plant costs and (4) economic factors-discount and interest rates, taxes, etc. In Section 8, composite case conditions were used to reassess economic projections for HDR-produced electricity. In Section 9, a generalized economic model for HDR-produced electricity is presented to show the effects of resource grade, reservoir performance parameters, and other important factors on projected costs. A sensitivity and uncertainty analysis using this model is given in Section 10. Section 11 treats a modification of the economic model for predicting costs for direct, non-electric applications. HDR economic projections for the U.S. are broken down by region in Section 12. In Section 13, the report provides recommendations for continued research and development to reduce technical and economic uncertainties relevant to the commercialization of HDR. [DJE-2005

Tester, Jefferson W.; Herzog, Howard J.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Economics of Private Forestry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... is consulting editor. One of the latest is a volume dealing with the economics of private forestry by Dr. Ralph W. Marquis, assistant professor of economics, University of Rochester ... elsewhere in the world with the exception of Canada. In Britain when we talk about private forestry we allude chiefly to the ...

E. P. STEBBING

1941-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

430

Water Resources Policy & Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Resources Policy & Economics FOR 4984 Selected Course Topics · Appropriative and riparian water institutions · Incentives for conservation · Water rights for in-stream environmental use · Surface water-groundwater management · Water quality regulations · Water markets · Economic and policy

Buehrer, R. Michael

431

STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 Economic Impact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 #12;STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 #12;STFC Economic Impact Reporting Framework 2009/10 1 Contents: Introduction

432

INNOVATIONSIN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT The Evolving Direction of Economic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INNOVATIONSIN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT The Evolving Direction of Economic Development in the New REPORT PUBLISHED NOVEMBER, 1998 INNOVATIONSIN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SUMMIT II: A SEQUEL TO THE 1992 STATE AND LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY SUMMIT The Evolving Direction of Economic Development in the New

Levinson, David M.

433

On the economic interpretation of time consistent dynamic stochastic ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on rigorous mathematical foundations, we impel practical usage of time consistent models as we provide practitioners with an intuitive economic ...

Birgit Rudloff

434

JOBS FC 1.0 (JOBS and economic impacts of Fuel Cells)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 (JOBS and economic impacts of Fuel Cells)* Marianne Mintz, Argonne National Laboratory Eric Stewart and Catherine Mertes, RCF Economic & Financial Consulting May 22, 2012 *Funded by EERE-FCT Program JOBS FC uses input-output approach to model deployment 2  JOBS FC is a user-friendly spreadsheet-based tool that calculates direct, indirect and induced job creation, wages and sales resulting from FC production, installation, operation and fueling.  JOBS FC uses Regional Input-Output Modeling System (RIMS II) multipliers to capture effect of expenditures on earnings, output and employment  JOBS FC models gross and net jobs created by 3 technologies, 3 applications, multiple FC capacities (defaults shown) $ Jobs are created at each stage in FC

435

Geothermal : Economic Impacts of Geothermal Development in Whatcom County, Washington.  

SciTech Connect

This report estimates the local economic impacts that could be anticipated from the development of a 100 megawatt (MW) geothermal power plant in eastern Whatcom County, Washington, near Mt. Baker, as shown in Figure 1. The study was commissioned by the Bonneville Power Administration to quantify such impacts as part of regional confirmation work recommended by the Northwest Power Planning Council. Whatcom County was chosen due to both identified geotherrnal resources and developer interest. The analysis will focus on two phases: a plant construction phase, including well field development, generating plant construction, and transmission line construction; and an operations phase. Economic impacts will occur to the extent that construction and operations affect the local economy. These impacts will depend on the existing structure of the Whatcom County economy and estimates of revenues that may accrue to the county as a result of plant construction, operation, and maintenance. Specific impacts may include additional direct employment at the plant, secondary impacts from wage payments being used to purchase locally produced goods and services, and impacts due to expenditures of royalty and tax payments received by the county. The basis for the analysis of economic impacts in this study is the US Forest Service IMPLAN input-output modeling system.

Lesser, Jonathan A.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Segmentation and morphometric analysis of subcortical regions in autistic MR brain images using fuzzy Gaussian distribution model-based distance regularised multi-phase level set  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, subcortical regions of autism spectrum disorder are analysed using fuzzy Gaussian distribution model-based distance regularised multi-phase level set method in autistic MR brain images. The fuzzy Gaussian distribution model is used as the intensity discriminator. The segmented images are validated with the ground truth using geometrical measure area. The results show that the fuzzy Gaussian distribution model-based multi-phase level set method is able to extract the subcortical tissue boundaries. The subcortical regions segmented using this method gives high correlation with ground truth. The corpus callosum area gives very high (R = 0.94) correlation. The brain stem and cerebellum present high correlations of 0.89 and 0.84, respectively. Also, it is found the segmented autistic subcortical regions have reduced area and are statistically significant (p brain area.

A.R. Jac Fredo; G. Kavitha; S. Ramakrishnan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Numerical Simulation of Inter-basin Groundwater Flow into Northern Yucca Flat, Nevada National Security Site, Using the Death Valley Regional Flow System Model  

SciTech Connect

Models of groundwater flow for the Yucca Flat area of the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) are under development by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for corrective action investigations of the Yucca Flat-Climax Mine Corrective Action Unit (CAU). One important aspect of these models is the quantity of inter-basin groundwater flow from regional systems to the north. This component of flow, together with its uncertainty, must be properly accounted for in the CAU flow models to provide a defensible regional framework for calculations of radionuclide transport that will support determinations of the Yucca Flat-Climax Mine contaminant boundary. Because characterizing flow boundary conditions in northern Yucca Flat requires evaluation to a higher level of detail than the scale of the Yucca Flat-Climax Mine CAU model can efficiently provide, a study more focused on this aspect of the model was required.

Pohlmann Karl,Ye Ming

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Models of the Solar Chromosphere and Transition Region from SUMER and HRTS Observations: Formation of the Extreme-Ultraviolet Spectrum of Hydrogen, Carbon, and Oxygen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the results of optically thick non-LTE radiative transfer calculations of lines and continua of H, C I-IV, and O I-VI and other elements using a new one-dimensional, time-independent model corresponding to the average quiet-Sun chromosphere and transition region. The model is based principally on the Curdt et al. SUMER atlas of the extreme ultraviolet spectrum. Our model of the chromosphere is a semiempirical one, with the temperature distribution adjusted to obtain optimum agreement between calculated and observed continuum intensities, line intensities, and line profiles. Our model of the transition region is determined theoretically from a balance between (a) radiative losses and (b) the downward energy flow from the corona due to thermal conduction and particle diffusion, and using boundary conditions at the base of the transition region established at the top of the chromosphere from the semiempirical model. The quiet-Sun model presented here should be considered as a replacement of the earlier model C of Vernazza et al., since our new model is based on an energy-balance transition region, a better underlying photospheric model, a more extensive set of chromospheric observations, and improved calculations. The photospheric structure of the model given here is the same as in Table 3 of Fontenla, Avrett, Thuiller, & Harder. We show comparisons between calculated and observed continua, and between the calculated and observed profiles of all significant lines of H, C I-IV, and O I-VI in the wavelength range 67-173 nm. While some of the calculated lines are not in emission as observed, we find reasonable general agreement, given the uncertainties in atomic rates and cross sections, and we document the sources of the rates and cross sections used in the calculation. We anticipate that future improvements in the atomic data will give improved agreement with the observations.

Eugene H. Avrett; Rudolf Loeser

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007-High Economic Growth Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 > High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) 7 > High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High World Oil Price Case Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table B1. World Total Primary energy consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table B2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

440

Demolitions Produce Recyclable Materials for Organization Promoting Economic Activity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Demolitions have helped generate more than 8 million pounds of metal at the Piketon site for recycling, further promoting economic activity in the region thanks to the American Recovery and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

14.581 International Economics I, Spring 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This course covers, with a focus on both theory and empirics, advanced topics in international trade (as well as inter-regional trade and economic geography). It includes the study of positive issues, such as: Why do ...

Donaldson, Dave

442

Atmospheric Rivers Induced Heavy Precipitation and Flooding in the Western U.S. Simulated by the WRF Regional Climate Model  

SciTech Connect

Twenty years of regional climate simulated by the Weather Research and Forecasting model for North America has been analyzed to study the influence of the atmospheric rivers and the role of the land surface on heavy precipitation and flooding in the western U.S. Compared to observations, the simulation realistically captured the 95th percentile extreme precipitation, mean precipitation intensity, as well as the mean precipitation and temperature anomalies of all the atmospheric river events between 1980-1999. Contrasting the 1986 President Day and 1997 New Year Day atmospheric river events, differences in atmospheric stability are found to have an influence on the spatial distribution of precipitation in the Coastal Range of northern California. Although both cases yield similar amounts of heavy precipitation, the 1997 case was found to produce more runoff compared to the 1986 case. Antecedent soil moisture, the ratio of snowfall to total precipitation (which depends on temperature), and existing snowpack all seem to play a role, leading to a higher runoff to precipitation ratio simulated for the 1997 case. This study underscores the importance of characterizing or simulating atmospheric rivers and the land surface conditions for predicting floods, and for assessing the potential impacts of climate change on heavy precipitation and flooding in the western U.S.

Leung, Lai R.; Qian, Yun

2009-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

443

Economical Condensing Turbines?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an engineer decide when to conduct an in depth study of the economics either in the company or outside utilizing professional engineers who are experts in this type of project. Condensing steam turbines may not be economical when the fuel is purchased...Economical Condensing Turbines? by J.E.Dean, P.E. Steam turbines have long been used at utilities and in industry to generate power. There are three basic types of steam turbines: condensing, letdown 1 and extraction/condensing. ? Letdown...

Dean, J. E.

444

Long-run Implications of a Forest-based Carbon Sequestration Policy on the United States Economy: A Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Modeling Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The economic impacts of a government-funded, forest-based sequestration program were analyzed under two different payment schemes. The impacts were obtained by developing a regional, static CGE model built to accommodate a modified IMPLAN SAM for a...

Monge, Juan

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

445

Economic Impact Analysis for EGS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Project objective: To conduct an economic impact study for EGS and to develop a Geothermal Economics Calculator (GEC) tool to quantify (in economic terms) the potential job, energy and environmental impacts associated with electric power production from geothermal resources.

446

The Economic Impact of Binghamton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Economic Impact of Binghamton University, FY2010 (July 1, 2009-June 30, 2010) Office .......................................................................................................... 2 ECONOMIC OUTPUT and Tioga counties and the overall impact of New York State in terms of economic output, jobs, and human

Suzuki, Masatsugu

447

The Economic University, FY2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Economic Impact of Binghamton University, FY2011 (July 1, 2010-June 30, 2011) Office....................................................................................................................2 ECONOMIC OUTPUT and Tioga counties) and the New York State economy in terms of economic output, jobs, and human capital

Suzuki, Masatsugu

448

Economic and environmental analysis of power generation expansion in Japan considering Fukushima nuclear accident using a multi-objective optimization model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear power has long been a cornerstone of energy policy in Japan, a country with few natural resources of its own. However, following on from the Fukushima Daiichi accident, the Japanese government is now in the throes of reviewing its nuclear power policy. On the other hand, under continuing policies of greenhouse gas reduction, it is crucial to consider scenarios for the country to realize an economic, safe and low-carbon power generation system in the future. Therefore, in the present study, economic and environmental analysis was conducted on the power generation system in Japan up to 2030 using a multi-objective optimization methodology. Four nuclear power scenarios were proposed in light of the nuclear accident: (1) actively anti-nuclear; (2) passively negative towards nuclear; (3) conservative towards nuclear; and (4) active expansion of nuclear power. The obtained capacity mix, generation mix, generation cost, CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of the scenarios were compared and analysed. The obtained results show that the large scale penetration of PV (photovoltaic), wind and LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) power can partly replace nuclear power, however, removing nuclear power entirely was not suggested from economic, environmental and energy security perspectives.

Qi Zhang; Benjamin C. Mclellan; Tetsuo Tezuka; Keiichi N. Ishihara

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Essays on economic theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These four essays concern the theory of games and its application to economic theory. The first two, closely linked, chapters are an investigation into the foundational question of the sensitivity of the predictions of ...

Weinstein, Jonathan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Essays in labor economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I addressed three questions in Labor Economics, using experimental and quasi-experimental variation to determine causality. In the first chapter, I ask whether playing longer in the NFL increases mortality in retirement. ...

Williams, Tyler (Tyler Kenneth)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

The economics of desalination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The economic development of the process of desalination depends upon its ability to produce water that is competitive on a cost basis with water from conventional sources. Energy costs can be minimized by combining the water plants with power plants ...

S. Baron

1966-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Municipal Sludge disposal economics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Municipal Sludge disposal economics ... Atmospheric emissions of elements on particles from the Parkway sewage-sludge incinerator ... Atmospheric emissions of elements on particles from the Parkway sewage-sludge incinerator ...

Jerry Jones; David Bomberger, Jr.; F Lewis; Joel Jacknow

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Economic Impact | Jefferson Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jefferson Lab's Hall A Jefferson Lab generates many economic benefits for the nation and Virginia, providing many well-paying jobs for highly skilled and well-educated workers. A D...

454

Essays on development economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation is a collection of three independent papers in empirical development economics. The first chapter studies the effect of a family planning program in Bangladesh, which successfully reduced fertility, on ...

Ruthbah, Ummul Hasanath

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

WINDExchange: Wind Economic Development  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

help you analyze the economics of a small wind electric system and decide whether wind energy will work for you. Wind Energy Finance Online Calculator Wind Energy Finance developed...

456

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: Wind Economic Development  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Development Development This page provides software applications and publications to help individuals, developers, local governments, and utilities make decisions about wind power. Projecting costs and benefits of new installations, including the economic development impacts created, is a key element in looking at potential wind applications. Communities, states, regions, jobs (i.e., construction, operations and maintenance), the tax base, tax revenues, and others can be positively affected. These benefits are in addition to the impacts for the owner or developer. Wind, A Montana County's Plan to Reverse a Declining Tax Base and Expand Economic Opportunities Thumbnail of the Cascade County Wind Power brochure. Cascade County, Montana, Commissioner Peggy Beltrone, initiated an

457

E-Print Network 3.0 - asian economic growth Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are also world famous. In the 21st century, China's economic growth and increasing political clout... Asian coun- tries and regions. Western colonialism to rise ... Source:...

458

E-Print Network 3.0 - asian economic development Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Asian coun- tries and regions. Western colonialism to rise of Asia as an economic and political power... development in contemporary China. ASIAN 490. ... Source: Ponce, V. Miguel...

459

Behavioral Economics Applied to Energy Demand Analysis: A Foundation  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Neoclassical economics has shaped our understanding of human behavior for several decades. While still an important starting point for economic studies, neoclassical frameworks have generally imposed strong assumptions, for example regarding utility maximization, information, and foresight, while treating consumer preferences as given or external to the framework. In real life, however, such strong assumptions tend to be less than fully valid. Behavioral economics refers to the study and formalizing of theories regarding deviations from traditionally-modeled economic decision-making in the behavior of individuals. The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) has an interest in behavioral economics as one influence on energy demand.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Second Generation Model (SGM)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Second Generation Model (SGM) Second Generation Model (SGM) Project Summary Full Title: Second Generation Model (SGM) Project ID: 166 Principal Investigator: Roland Sands Brief Description: The SGM projects economic activity, energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions for each region in five-year time steps from 1990 through 2050. Purpose Project economic activity, energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions for various regions. Performer Principal Investigator: Roland Sands Organization: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Address: 8400 Baltimore Avenue, JGCRI College Park, MD 20740 Telephone: 301-314-6765 Email: roland.sands@pnl.gov Project Description Type of Project: Model Category: Energy Infrastructure, Environmental, Macro-Economic User Inputs: Factor productivity growth rates by sector (9 in SGM 98) and region; capital stocks by vintage, demographic determinants (endogenous demographics), fossil and non-fossil fuel resources

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

ZHANG, XUEJIN. Adapting the Weather Research and Forecasting Model for the Simulation of Regional Climate in East Africa. (Under the direction of Dr. Lian Xie).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and society for regional climate information. The current Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) RCM inherits several advantages of the original WRF model. For example, (1) it can be used for multiple scale infrastructure to distinguish the scientific problems from engineering problems. In order to adapt WRF for long

Liu, Paul

462

Alternative water sources: Desalination model provides life-cycle costs of facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Story by Danielle Supercinski tx H2O | pg. 8 Alternative water sourcees Desalination model provides life-cycle costs of facility platform and design standards as DESAL ECONOMICS?, but created to analyze con- ventional surface water treatment... to determine the economic and financial life-cycle costs of building and operating four water treatment facilities in South Texas. One facility was the Southmost Regional Water Authority Regional Desalination Plant near Brownsville. Sturdi- vant said...

Supercinski, Danielle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Survey of Transmission Cost Allocation Methodologies for Regional Transmission Organizations  

SciTech Connect

The report presents transmission cost allocation methodologies for reliability transmission projects, generation interconnection, and economic transmission projects for all Regional Transmission Organizations.

Fink, S.; Porter, K.; Mudd, C.; Rogers, J.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

BA in ECONOMICS (736020) MAP Sheet Department of Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BA in ECONOMICS (736020) MAP Sheet Department of Economics For students entering the degree program from approved list from approved list Econ 110* from approved list personal choice The Economics: complete the following with a grade of C- or better: Econ 110* Economics Principles and Problems Econ 378

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

465

Gatton College of Business and Economics ECO Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gatton College of Business and Economics ECO Economics KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course dropped University of Kentucky 2013-2014 Undergraduate Bulletin 1 ECO 101 CONTEMPORARY ECONOMIC ISSUES. (3) A basic course in the analysis of contemporary economic issues with emphasis on current

MacAdam, Keith

466

ELECTRICITY CASE: ECONOMIC COST ESTIMATION FACTORS FOR ECONOMIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ELECTRICITY CASE: ECONOMIC COST ESTIMATION FACTORS FOR ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF TERRORIST ATTACKS Zimmerman, R. CREATE REPORT Under FEMA Grant EMW-2004-GR-0112 May 31, 2005 Center for Risk and Economic #12;2 Abstract The major economic effects of electric power outages are usually associated with three

Wang, Hai

467

BS in ECONOMICS (736021) MAP Sheet Department of Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BS in ECONOMICS (736021) MAP Sheet Department of Economics For students entering the degree program approved list from approved list Econ 110* from approved list personal choice The Economics Department the following with a grade of C- or better: Econ 110* Economics Principles and Problems Econ 378 Statistics

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

468

BA in ECONOMICS (736020) MAP Sheet Department of Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BA in ECONOMICS (736020) MAP Sheet Department of Economics For students entering the degree program The Economics Department requires a minimum of 21 hours in the major to be taken in residency at BYU courses: complete the following with a grade of C- or better: Econ 110* Economics Principles and Problems

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

469

BS in ECONOMICS (736021) MAP Sheet Department of Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BS in ECONOMICS (736021) MAP Sheet Department of Economics For students entering the degree program The Economics Department requires a minimum of 21 hours in the major to be taken in residency at BYU courses: complete the following with a grade of C- or better: Econ 110* Economics Principles and Problems

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

470

Community Economic Analysis Guide | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Community Economic Analysis Guide Community Economic Analysis Guide Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Community Economic Analysis How-to manual Agency/Company /Organization: R. Hustedde, R. Shaffer, G. Pulver Phase: Create a Vision, Determine Baseline User Interface: Website Website: www.epa.gov/greenkit/pdfs/howto.pdf 100 page manual on how to analyze a community's economy. Useful for those not interested in building a detailed model. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Community_Economic_Analysis_Guide&oldid=332592" Categories: Tools Community Energy Tools What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services OpenEI partners with a broad range of international organizations to grow

471

United Nations Economic and Social Council | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Council Council Jump to: navigation, search Name United Nations Economic and Social Council Website http://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/in References United Nations Economic and Social Council[1] LinkedIn Connections Background "ECOSOC was established under the United Nations Charter as the principal organ to coordinate economic, social, and related work of the 14 UN specialized agencies, functional commissions and five regional commissions. The Council also receives reports from 11 UN funds and programmes. The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) serves as the central forum for discussing international economic and social issues, and for formulating policy recommendations addressed to Member States and the United Nations system. It is responsible for: promoting higher standards of living, full employment, and economic

472

Coordinating Regulation and Demand Response in Electric Power Grids: Direct and Price-Based Tracking Using Multirate Economic Model Predictive Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

?Based on “Coordinating regulation and demand response in electric power grids using multirate model...

Haitham Hindi; Daniel Greene…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

should use as a tool to evaluate as part of the planning process. Economic, political, socialIEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board Daniel D. Huppert, Chair Lon L. Peters, Vice-Chair Joel R and Guidance for Economic Analysis in Subbasin Planning Independent Economic Analysis Board January 2003

474

Development of an Energy System Model in Jiangsu Region with MARKAL: An Analysis of the Supply Side  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Research, conducted in collaboration with Department of Mechanical Engineer of Southeast University of Nanjing situated in the Jangsu Region, has been developed over a period of three years in the ambit of Sc...

Vincenzo Naso; Flavio Rottenberg

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Regional environmental change: special issue on “Modelling future changes in Cropland Soil Carbon in European Russia and the Ukraine”  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many studies have examined the potential for climate mitigation in agriculture in Europe and globally, as well as in other regions of the world such as North America, but soil carbon sequestration potential for t...

Pete Smith

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Advanced Fuel Cycle Economic Sensitivity Analysis  

SciTech Connect

A fuel cycle economic analysis was performed on four fuel cycles to provide a baseline for initial cost comparison using the Gen IV Economic Modeling Work Group G4 ECON spreadsheet model, Decision Programming Language software, the 2006 Advanced Fuel Cycle Cost Basis report, industry cost data, international papers, the nuclear power related cost study from MIT, Harvard, and the University of Chicago. The analysis developed and compared the fuel cycle cost component of the total cost of energy for a wide range of fuel cycles including: once through, thermal with fast recycle, continuous fast recycle, and thermal recycle.

David Shropshire; Kent Williams; J.D. Smith; Brent Boore

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

How Fuel Price Elasticity Affects the Economics of Thermal Retrofits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Policymakers, their expert advisors and the academic community use mathematical models to evaluate the economic viability and payback time of thermal retrofits. Most of these models have the form of a cost-benefi...

Ray Galvin…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Economic Incentives for Cybersecurity: Using Economics to Design Technologies Ready for Deployment  

SciTech Connect

Cybersecurity practice lags behind cyber technology achievements. Solutions designed to address many problems may and do exist but frequently cannot be broadly deployed due to economic constraints. Whereas security economics focuses on the cost/benefit analysis and supply/demand, we believe that more sophisticated theoretical approaches, such as economic modeling, rarely utilized, would derive greater societal benefits. Unfortunately, today technologists pursuing interesting and elegant solutions have little knowledge of the feasibility for broad deployment of their results and cannot anticipate the influences of other technologies, existing infrastructure, and technology evolution, nor bring the solutions lifecycle into the equation. Additionally, potentially viable solutions are not adopted because the risk perceptions by potential providers and users far outweighs the economic incentives to support introduction/adoption of new best practices and technologies that are not well enough defined. In some cases, there is no alignment with redominant and future business models as well as regulatory and policy requirements. This paper provides an overview of the economics of security, reviewing work that helped to define economic models for the Internet economy from the 1990s. We bring forward examples of potential use of theoretical economics in defining metrics for emerging technology areas, positioning infrastructure investment, and building real-time response capability as part of software development. These diverse examples help us understand the gaps in current research. Filling these gaps will be instrumental for defining viable economic incentives, economic policies, regulations as well as early-stage technology development approaches, that can speed up commercialization and deployment of new technologies in cybersecurity.

Vishik, Claire [Intel Corporation] [Intel Corporation; Sheldon, Frederick T [ORNL] [ORNL; Ott, David [Intel Corporation] [Intel Corporation

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Power Economic Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CRSP Management Center CRSP Management Center Western Area Power Administration January 2011 Power Economic Analysis of Operational Restrictions at Glen Canyon Dam In February, 1997, the operating criteria for Glen Canyon Dam were changed. Operation was restricted to a Modified Low Fluctuating Flow as described in the Operation of Glen Canyon Dam, Colorado River Storage Project, Arizona, Final Environmental Impact Statement, March, 1995. These restrictions reduced the operating flexibility of the hydroelectric power plant and therefore the economic value of the electricity it produced. The Environmental Impact Statement provided impact information to support the Record of Decision governing dam operations. The impact

480

COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH: TOWARDS ADVANCED UNDERSTANDING AND PREDICTIVE CAPABILITY OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE ARCTIC USING A HIGH-RESOLUTION REGIONAL ARCTIC CLIMATE SYSTEM MODEL  

SciTech Connect

The motivation for this project was to advance the science of climate change and prediction in the Arctic region. Its primary goals were to (i) develop a state-of-the-art Regional Arctic Climate system Model (RACM) including high-resolution atmosphere, land, ocean, sea ice and land hydrology components and (ii) to perform extended numerical experiments using high performance computers to minimize uncertainties and fundamentally improve current predictions of climate change in the northern polar regions. These goals were realized first through evaluation studies of climate system components via one-way coupling experiments. Simulations were then used to examine the effects of advancements in climate component systems on their representation of main physics, time-mean fields and to understand variability signals at scales over many years. As such this research directly addressed some of the major science objectives of the BER Climate Change Research Division (CCRD) regarding the advancement of long-term climate prediction.

Gutowski, William J.

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regional economic models" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Regional refining models for alternative fuels using shale and coal synthetic crudes: identification and evaluation of optimized alternative fuels. Annual report, March 20, 1979-March 19, 1980  

SciTech Connect

The initial phase has been completed in the project to evaluate alternative fuels for highway transportation from synthetic crudes. Three refinery models were developed for Rocky Mountain, Mid-Continent and Great Lakes regions to make future product volumes and qualities forecast for 1995. Projected quantities of shale oil and coal oil syncrudes were introduced into the raw materials slate. Product slate was then varied from conventional products to evaluate maximum diesel fuel and broadcut fuel in all regions. Gasoline supplement options were evaluated in one region for 10% each of methanol, ethanol, MTBE or synthetic naphtha in the blends along with syncrude components. Compositions and qualities of the fuels were determined for the variation in constraints and conditions established for the study. Effects on raw materials, energy consumption and investment costs were reported. Results provide the basis to formulate fuels for laboratory and engine evaluation in future phases of the project.

Sefer, N.R.; Russell, J.A.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Economical method for the determination of group constants for reactor lattices  

SciTech Connect

The development of an economical method for determining accurately group constants of hexagonal and rectangular cells is considered in this dissertation. The mathematical model constructed for this purpose has the capability to characterize the group constants for the entire range of the neutron spectrum. Furthermore, this model is also rigorous enough to predict the group constants with the required accuracy for a specific range of interest in the energy spectrum and for a variety of energy group configurations. The group constants calculated wih the economical model have been benchmarked with those computed by the VIM Monte Carlo code. The values obtained for the group constants agree within 1-2% with those computed by VIM for the fast energy region. The agreements for the thermal energy region are within 2-3%. The CPU running time of the implemented model is about 3 1/2 minutes for a four group configuration. On the other hand a typical VIM run comprising 25,000 neutron histories and a four-group structure expends about 30 minutes of CPU time for light water moderated systems. Moreover, similar VIM runs utilizing heavy water as moderator require over one hour of CPU time. Therefore, the implemented model makes utilization of computer resources with a cost advantage of a factor of 10 or better as compared to VIM.

Rogow, R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Jobs Creation Economic Recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commission (Energy Commission) collects the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) jobs creation and retention data (jobs data) from its subrecipients through the Energy Commission's ARRAJobs Creation and Economic Recovery Prompt, Fair, and Reasonable Use of ARRA Funds Subrecipient

484

Conservation IEAB Independent Economic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interactions Between the Fish and Wildlife Program andand Wildlife Program and the Sixth Power Plan (Phase 1)the Sixth and the Fish and Wildlife ProgramProgram #12;Northwest Power and Conservation Council IEAB Independent Economic integration of wind and solar generationImpacts from integration of wind and solar generation Impacts from

485

IMPOSING AND TESTING FOR SHAPE RESTRICTIONS IN FLEXIBLE PARAMETRIC MODELS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

0 IMPOSING AND TESTING FOR SHAPE RESTRICTIONS IN FLEXIBLE PARAMETRIC MODELS 1 Hendrik Wolff and inference to test for shape conditions in parametric models. We show that `regional' shape and test for all shape restrictions required by economic theory simultaneously in the "Berndt and Wood

Kaminsky, Werner

486

The relationship between economic growth and biomass energy consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates the relationship analysis between biomass energy consumption and economic growth by using Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach of cointegration and vector error-correction models. The cointegration test results show that there is cointegration between the biomasss energy consumption and the economic growth in five of the seven countries (Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia and Guatemala) and there is no cointegration between the biomasss energy consumption and the economic growth in two of the seven countries (Argentina and Jamaica).

Melike E. Bildirici

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Evaluation of the accuracy of the EPA model for BOD5 prediction in various climatic regions of Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

model demonstrated removal rates for BOD?, TSS, fecal coliform, ammonium, and phosphorus of 80.0%, 70.9%, 87.1%, 34.7%, and 22.7%, respectively. These data provided the basis for evaluating the EPA model. A sensitivity analysis of the EPA model...

Koutny, Jessica Leigh

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Evaluating officially reported polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon emissions in the Athabasca oil sands region with a multimedia fate model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...14 9 3-5-13 Wind speed [m/s...region ÷ average wind speed Particle...particle deposition velocity to snow [m...Assumed/Default Mass fraction of OC...0.1 Assumed Mass transfer coeff...particle deposition velocity to soil [m...forest 0.5 Google maps Fraction of forest...

Abha Parajulee; Frank Wania

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

El Salvador-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

El Salvador-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional El Salvador-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name El Salvador-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country El Salvador Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for Central America through the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency maps, followed by technical, economic, and social feasibility studies for

490

Variable Density Flow Modeling for Simulation Framework for Regional Geologic CO{sub 2} Storage Along Arches Province of Midwestern United States  

SciTech Connect

The Arches Province in the Midwestern U.S. has been identified as a major area for carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) storage applications because of the intersection of Mt. Simon sandstone reservoir thickness and permeability. To better understand large-scale CO{sub 2} storage infrastructure requirements in the Arches Province, variable density scoping level modeling was completed. Three main tasks were completed for the variable density modeling: Single-phase, variable density groundwater flow modeling; Scoping level multi-phase simulations; and Preliminary basin-scale multi-phase simulations. The variable density modeling task was successful in evaluating appropriate input data for the Arches Province numerical simulations. Data from the geocellular model developed earlier in the project were translated into preliminary numerical models. These models were calibrated to observed conditions in the Mt. Simon, suggesting a suitable geologic depiction of the system. The initial models were used to assess boundary conditions, calibrate to reservoir conditions, examine grid dimensions, evaluate upscaling items, and develop regional storage field scenarios. The task also provided practical information on items related to CO{sub 2} storage applications in the Arches Province such as pressure buildup estimates, well spacing limitations, and injection field arrangements. The Arches Simulation project is a three-year effort and part of the United States Department of Energy (U.S. DOE)/National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) program on innovative and advanced technologies and protocols for monitoring/verification/accounting (MVA), simulation, and risk assessment of CO{sub 2} sequestration in geologic formations. The overall objective of the project is to develop a simulation framework for regional geologic CO{sub 2} storage infrastructure along the Arches Province of the Midwestern U.S.

Joel Sminchak

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

491