Sample records for region1 eastern europe

  1. Seismic retrofit of precast panel buildings in Eastern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzonev, Tzonu

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many countries in Eastern Europe, particularly ones from the former Soviet Bloc, are facing a potential crisis regarding their deteriorating precast panel apartment buildings. These complexes were built using industrial ...

  2. AN UPDATE ON REFORM IN EASTERN EUROPE AND RUSSIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AN UPDATE ON REFORM IN EASTERN EUROPE AND RUSSIA Jeffrey Sachs ABSTRACT: The paper reviews the experience of Poland and Russia with economic reform, with occasional comparison to China's experience. The author argues that macroeconomic chaos in Poland and Russia preceded reform and was allayed by reform

  3. Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe Vienna University of Technology I Energiepark Bruck/Leitha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szmolyan, Peter

    Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe CONTINUING EDUCATION CENTER Vienna University on the consumption of energy. However, this system is currently not sustainable. Renewable energy sources as well. The objective of the postgraduate MSc Program "Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe" is, to contribute

  4. Development of the electron beam melting and refining in the Eastern Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mladenov, G.M. [Institute of Electronics, Sofia (Bulgaria)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A open research potential for the many R & D projects, as well as developed industrial structures exist in the Central and Eastern Europe countries. Now the economy crisis in this part of the world, due to the positive exiting democratic changes and to the transition from central planned to the market economy are a challenge. Bridging the research and industrial potential of the Eastern Europe to the developed economies is a way to keep the knowledge and people with activity in this field and to extend the future market of EB products. A brief revue of the institutions and a very short general information for the EB melting and refinement development in the Eastern Europe countries is given.

  5. COMPARATIVE STUDY REGARDING THE EVOLUTION OF THE FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE REGION'S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Iulia, Alba, Romania Summary: In this paper, we question whether there is a catch-up effect countries. We study FDI outflows for Romania, a small economy with few historical ties to Eastern Europe, Alba Iulia 2006., Alba Iulia : Romania (2006)" #12;Comparative Study regarding the Evolution

  6. Eastern Europe Research Reactor Initiative nuclear education and training courses - Current activities and future challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snoj, L. [Josef Stefan Inst., Jamova cesta 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Sklenka, L.; Rataj, J. [Dept. of Nuclear Reactor, Czech Technical Univ. in Prague, V Holesovickach 2, 180 00 Prague 8 (Czech Republic); Boeck, H. [Vienna Univ. of Technology/Atominstitut, Stadionallee 2, 1020 Vienna (Austria)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Eastern Europe Research Reactor Initiative was established in January 2008 to enhance cooperation between the Research Reactors in Eastern Europe. It covers three areas of research reactor utilisation: irradiation of materials and fuel, radioisotope production, neutron beam experiments, education and training. In the field of education and training an EERRI training course was developed. The training programme has been elaborated with the purpose to assist IAEA Member States, which consider building a research reactor (RR) as a first step to develop nuclear competence and infrastructure in the Country. The major strength of the reactor is utilisation of three different research reactors and a lot of practical exercises. Due to high level of adaptability, the course can be tailored to specific needs of institutions with limited or no access to research reactors. (authors)

  7. Uranium production in Eastern Europe and its environmental impact: A literature survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norman, R.E.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A survey of the unclassified literature was made to determine the location, technology, throughput, and environmental status of the uranium mines and mills that have historically made up uranium production capability in Eastern Europe. Included in that survey were the following countries: the former German Democratic Republic (GDR), now part of a reunited Germany, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Poland. Until recently, uranium was being produced in five of these six countries (Poland stopped production 20 years ago). The production began directly after World War II in support of weapons production in the Soviet Union. Eastern Europe has produced about two-thirds of the total Soviet uranium inventory historically, or about 330,000 metric tonnes of uranium (NM) [730 million pounds of uranium (MlbU)l out of a total of about 490,000 MTU (1090 NlbU).

  8. Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kat, C.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In Europe during 1980, the need to find more oil caused an intensification of exploration activity into producing basins and even into producing zones for existing plays. The high-risk nature of many of the prospects tested is expressed in the low success ratios for several countries. The success rate continued to rise, however, in the North Sea, where many more appraisal wells were drilled and many wells tested fault blocks adjacent to existing oil fields. There were increases in development drilling almost everywhere and further application of fracturing techniques to existing fields. Development drilling began to decline in the North Sea, a trend likely to continue as government-enforced depletion policies are introduced. In the onshore producing areas, many new exploration licenses were awarded. The new exploration areas are likely to increase in importance. There were some encouraging results in these areas during 1980. The offshore zones of the Atlantic and the Mediterranean proved equally exciting. However, the quickest returns will be gained from onshore discoveries; the reexamination of hydrocarbon-bearing areas not so far developed proved highly successful. The Swiss Entlebuch 1 gas discovery opens up a new exploration tract of the deep autochthon of central Europe. It is just this area where oil production has been declining. Gas production continues to decline in nearly all areas except the North Sea. 20 figures, 24 tables.

  9. REES 410/510: Post-Cold War Eastern Europe Fall 2012 (CRN 18065/18066) Instructor: Keith Eddins eddinska@uoregon.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    REES 410/510: Post-Cold War Eastern Europe Fall 2012 (CRN 18065/18066) Instructor: Keith Eddins eddinska@uoregon.edu Mondays and Wednesdays: 5:30 p.m. to 6:50 p.m. As the Cold War concluded, hopes

  10. Health impact assessment of Roma housing policies in Central and Eastern Europe: A comparative analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Molnar, Agnes, E-mail: molnar.agnes@sph.unideb.hu [Faculty of Public Health, Medical and Health Science Centre, University of Debrecen, PO Box 2, H-4012 Debrecen (Hungary); Adam, Balazs, E-mail: adam.balazs@sph.unideb.hu [Faculty of Public Health, Medical and Health Science Centre, University of Debrecen, PO Box 2, H-4012 Debrecen (Hungary); Antova, Temenujka, E-mail: t.antova@ncphp.government.bg [National Center of Public Health Protection, 15, Ivan Ev. Geshov blvd, 1431 Sofia (Bulgaria); Bosak, Lubos, E-mail: bosak@centrum.sk [Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Care and Social Work, Trnava University, 1 Univerzitne namestie, 917 00 Trnava (Slovakia); Dimitrov, Plamen, E-mail: p.dimitrov@ncphp.government.bg [National Center of Public Health Protection, 15, Ivan Ev. Geshov blvd, 1431 Sofia (Bulgaria); Mileva, Hristina, E-mail: hmileva@yahoo.com [Ministry of Health, 5 Sveta Nedelya Square, 1000 Sofia (Bulgaria); Pekarcikova, Jarmila, E-mail: jkorcova@truni.sk [Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Care and Social Work, Trnava University, 1 Univerzitne namestie, 917 00 Trnava (Slovakia); Zurlyte, Ingrida, E-mail: ingrida@post.omnitel.net [State Environmental Health Center, Kalvariju str. 153, 08221 Vilnius (Lithuania); Gulis, Gabriel, E-mail: GGulis@health.sdu.dk [Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Niels Bohrs Vej 9, 6700 Esbjerg (Denmark); Adany, Roza, E-mail: adany.roza@sph.unideb.hu [Faculty of Public Health, Medical and Health Science Centre, University of Debrecen, PO Box 2, H-4012 Debrecen (Hungary); Kosa, Karolina, E-mail: karolina.kosa@sph.unideb.hu [Faculty of Public Health, Medical and Health Science Centre, University of Debrecen, PO Box 2, H-4012 Debrecen (Hungary)

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Marginalised Roma communities in European countries live in substandard housing conditions the improvement of which has been one of the major issues of the Decade of Roma Inclusion, the ongoing intergovernmental European Roma programme. The paper presents EU-funded health impact assessments of national Roma housing policies and programmes in 3 Central and Eastern European countries in light of the evaluation of a completed local project in a fourth CEE country so as to compare predicted effects to observed ones. Housing was predicted to have beneficial health effects by improving indoor and outdoor conditions, access to services, and socioeconomic conditions. Negative impacts were predicted only in terms of maintenance expenses and housing tenure. However, observed impacts of the completed local project did not fully support predictions especially in terms of social networks, satisfaction with housing and neighbourhood, and inhabitant safety. In order to improve the predictive value of HIA, more evidence should be produced by the careful evaluation of locally implemented housing projects. In addition, current evidence is in favour of planning Roma housing projects at the local rather than at the national level in alignment with the principle of subsidiarity. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Predictive validity of HIA of national Roma housing policies - in light of current evidence - is low. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Implemented housing projects should be comprehensively evaluated to improve reliability of HIA. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Roma housing projects should be planned at the local rather than at the national level. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer HIA should be used to plan Roma housing projects at the local level.

  11. PIXE pollution studies across Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Innegraeve, O.; Blanchet, X.; Muntele, C. I.; Muntele, I. C.; Zimmerman, R. L.; Popa-Simil, L. (Liviu); Voiculescu, D.; Racolta, P. M.; Ila, D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We collected vegetation and soil samples from various locations along a route covering Eastern and Western Europe. We measured the level of elemental pollution in different places uniformly spread across the continent to determine which of them may have common sources. To achieve these objectives, samples were collected along the main roads from Romania to Portugal and analyzed using in-air PEE (Particle-Induced X-ray Emission).

  12. A review of "Literacy and Written Culture in Early Modern Central Europe" by Istvan Gyorgy Toth.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakub Basista

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the emergence of a public sphere. Istv?n Gy?rgy T?th. Literacy and Written Culture in Early Modern Central Europe. Central European University Press, 2000. x + 266 pp. Includes b&w illustrations, 31 tables and 2 maps. ?13.95 paper. Review by JAKUB BASISTA... in Central Europe on the base of research carried out in one region of Hungary. I realize that the notions of Central, Eastern, Central Eastern Europe, etc., are far from being precise, but I have problems accepting Central Europe as being limited only...

  13. Factors Affecting the Feasibility of a Warsaw Pact Invasion of Western Europe 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, Corbin

    2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The end of the Cold War and the opening of selected archives in both Eastern and Western Europe provides scholars the opportunity to study this period with greater accuracy and detail than was previously possible. This study seeks to determine...

  14. Evolutionary history of barley cultivation in Europe revealed by genetic analysis of extant landraces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Huw; Civan, Peter; Cockram, James; Leigh, Fiona J; Smith, Lydia MJ; Jones, Martin K; Charles, Michael P; Molina-Cano, Jose-Luis; Powell, Wayne; Jones, Glynis; Brown, Terence A

    2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    in the eastern Fertile Crescent and entered Europe after the initial spread of agriculture. Conclusions The discovery of population structure, combined with knowledge of associated phenotypes and environmental adaptations, enables a rational approach...

  15. Identity, nationalism and anthropologists in Sant Cassia P. (ed), Between Europe and the Mediterranean, London,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , but not towards the Orient: Turkey is knocking at the door and most Balkan countries remain prospective candidates-Eastern Europe and the Balkans, the divide separates Europe from the Ottoman lands, along the frontier where's Orientalism (1978) the question of Western identity and the definition of the Other ­the Oriental- has been

  16. Lung cancer and indoor pollution from heating and cooking with solid fuels - The IARIC International Multicentre Case-Control study in Eastern/Central Europe and the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lissowska, J.; Bardin-Mikolajczak, A.; Fletcher, T.; Zaridze, D.; Szeszenia-Dabrowska, N.; Rudnai, P.; Fabianova, E.; Cassidy, A.; Mates, D.; Holcatova, I.; Vitova, V.; Janout, V.; Mannetje, A.; Brennan, P.; Boffetta, P. [Center for Cancer, Warsaw (Poland). Dept. of Epidemiology & Cancer Prevention

    2005-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Exposure to fuel from cooking and heating has not been studied in Europe, where lung cancer rates are high and many residents have had a long tradition of burning coal and unprocessed biomass. Study subjects included 2,861 cases and 3,118 controls recruited during 1998-2002 in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, and the United Kingdom. The odds ratio of lung cancer associated with solid fuel use was 1.22 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.04, 1.44) for cooking or heating, 1.37 (95% CI: 0.90, 2.09) for solid fuel only for cooking, and 1.24 (95% CI: 1.05, 1.47) for solid fuels used for both cooking and heating. Risk increased relative to the percentage of time that solid fuel was used for cooking (P-trend {lt} 0.0001), while no risk increase was detected for solid fuel used for heating. The odds ratio of lung cancer in whole-life users of solid cooking fuel was 1.80 (95% CI: 1.35, 2.40). Switching to nonsolid fuels resulted in a decrease in risk. The odds ratio for the longest duration of time since switching was 0.76 (95% CI: 0.63, 0.92). The data suggest a modest increased risk of lung cancer related to solid-fuel use for cooking rather than heating.

  17. THE EARLY AURIGNACIAN IN CENTRAL EUROPE AND ITS PLACE IN A EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE The Early Aurignacian in central Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    western Eurasia (e.g. Djindjian, 1993; Mellars, 1989, 2004; Bocquet-Appel and Demars, 2000; Kozl/ owski Aurignacian first appears in the Balkans (Kozl/ owski and Otte, 2000). Through the years, researchers have sug of the Aurignacian in the Balkans or other regions of eastern Europe. #12;TOWARDS A DEFINITION OF THE AURIGNACIAN 242

  18. Global Rebalancing: US Protection versus Europe-led reflation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irvin, George; Izurieta, Alex

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    impact of a Europe-led reflation is re-enforced by the strong income and trade linkages with middle- income and poor regions of the world (eg, Eastern Europe, Latin America and Africa)18. An EU-led reflation supposes a set of demand... switching on the required scale within an acceptable time frame. The central point is that the extra growth cannot come entirely or even chiefly from Asia (where resources are already stretched to the limit), but must come from a combination of renewed EU...

  19. FSU/Eastern Europe: Russia spearheads small upturn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the political and legal scene in Russia, domestic restructuring, exploration, drilling, development by Western companies and by Russian companies, and production. Exploration and development in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia are also discussed.

  20. Nuclear power safety in central and eastern Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilson, R. [Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Chernobyl accident showed the weaknesses in the Soviet approach to safety, particularly of nuclear reactors. Until recently, Western governments, scientists, and engineers did not understand how to help their Russian colleagues make a greater society. This article discusses the two main types of Soviet reactors, their safety problems, and the help Westerners are giving to make them safer. 35 refs., 1 fig., 4 tabs.

  1. North America Europe Central &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Matthew

    Per capita consumption Population (100 millions) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 North America Western Europe Per capita consumption Population (100 millions) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 #12;2 % of habitat alteration from% of habitat alteration from per capita consumptionper capita consumption #s above bars are m2 per

  2. Staging Europe February 19, 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    of the stage. The opening musical phrases #12;Staging Europe 3 of Stravinsky's Histoire du Soldat begin, she

  3. Middle Eastern Undergraduate Brochure 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sattler, Ulrike

    , the Caucasus, the Balkans, and parts of Western Europe. The degree structure leaves ample room for personal

  4. Eastern Frequency Response Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, N.W.; Shao, M.; Pajic, S.; D'Aquila, R.

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study was specifically designed to investigate the frequency response of the Eastern Interconnection that results from large loss-of-generation events of the type targeted by the North American Electric Reliability Corp. Standard BAL-003 Frequency Response and Frequency Bias Setting (NERC 2012a), under possible future system conditions with high levels of wind generation.

  5. CENTRAL EUROPE MANAGING AUTHORITY CITY OF VIENNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genova, Università degli Studi di

    CENTRAL EUROPE MANAGING AUTHORITY CITY OF VIENNA Municipal Department for European affairs (MA 27 PROGRAMME Thematic study: Energy efficiency and renewable energies in the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme Request European regions more competitive, innovative, attractive and accessible. The Central Europe Programme area

  6. Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Eastern Interconnection States’ Planning Council (EISPC) has released the Energy Zones (EZ) Mapping Tool, a free, web-based interactive tool that will help states and other stakeholders in the Eastern Interconnection identify geographic areas suitable for the development of clean energy resources (natural gas, sequestration or utilitization locations for C02 from coal, nuclear, and renewable) which can potentially provide significant amounts of new electric power generation.

  7. Plains and Eastern Clean Line Transmission Line: Comment from...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    from Block Plains and Eastern Clean Line: Arkansas and Oklahoma Plains and Eastern Clean Line Transmission Line: Comment from Block Plains and Eastern Clean Line: Arkansas and...

  8. Europe

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at1,066,688Electricity Use as an IndicatorNatural GasRevenueMay9 70

  9. Europe

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at1,066,688Electricity Use as an IndicatorNatural GasRevenueMay9

  10. Wind Resource Assessment in Europe Using Emergy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paudel, Subodh; Santarelli, Massimo; Martin, Viktoria; Lacarriere, Bruno; Le Corre, Olivier

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy in Vietnam: Resource assessment, development statusWind Resource Assessment in Europe Using Emergy Subodhspeed). Keywords: Wind resource assessment; Emergy Analysis;

  11. Wind Resource Assessment in Europe Using Emergy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paudel, Subodh; Santarelli, Massimo; Martin, Viktoria; Lacarriere, Bruno; Le Corre, Olivier

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Northern Europe offshore wind resource, Journal ofof theoretical offshore wind farm for Jacksonville, Florida,interesting areas for offshore wind farm construction and

  12. Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and the USSR. Volume 3. 1990 international review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 29 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (Belgium, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Italy, Greece, the Netherlands, Denmark/Greenland, Spain, Portugal, Luxembourg, The United Kingdom, and Ireland); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (Sweden, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Austria, and Switzerland); Malta; the 8 Centrally Planned Economies of Eastern Europe (the German Democratic Republic (GDR), Poland, Yugoslavia, Albania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Bulgaria); and the USSR.

  13. Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloom, A.

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation provides a high-level overview of the Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study process, scenarios, tools, and goals.

  14. The new politics of welfare in post-socialist Central Eastern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Dana L., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation explores the evolution of welfare systems in post-socialist countries. Utilizing a range of data on social policy legislation and outcomes across countries, the author shows the extent to which post-socialist ...

  15. The Marshall Plan: Economic Effects and Implications for Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eichengreen, Barry; Uzan, Marc

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    January 1992. "The Marshall Plan: Economic Effects andHermalin. October 1991. "The Marshall Plan: History's Mostp.11. Recovery Before the Marshall Plan: f! 947 Through Mid-

  16. Identities in Transition: Eastern Europe and Russia After the Collapse of Communism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonnell, Victoria

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pere- khody), dubbed “porno-khody,” and naked-woman walletIs Budapest the porno capital of the world? ), Nepszabadsag,

  17. Energy Outlook in Eastern Europe and Central Asia Region | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazel Crest,EnergySerranopolis Jump to:EconCompaniesMain PageInformation

  18. Tree Biomass Estimates on Forest Land in California's North Coast Region1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Tree Biomass Estimates on Forest Land in California's North Coast Region1 Tian-Ting Shih2 Tree biomass is one essential component in a forest ecosystem and is getting more attention nowadays due to its sequestration, energy production, and other natural and social resources uses and impacts. A biomass estimator

  19. “Friday off”: Reducing Working Hours in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallis, Giorgos

    This article explores the pros and cons for reducing working hours in Europe. To arrive to an informed judgment we review critically the theoretical and empirical literature, mostly from economics, concerning the relation ...

  20. Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This one-page, two-sided fact sheet provides an overview of the Eastern Renewable Generation and Integration Study process.

  1. Why is Eastern Redcedar a Hazardous Fuel?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

    Why is Eastern Redcedar a Hazardous Fuel? Why is Eastern Redcedar a Hazardous Fuel? Homes built the destruction of fire-tolerant trees if a wildfire moves through the area. Creating fuel breaks (such ignite it. · When ERC grows in forests and wood- lands, it acts as a ladder fuel to allow fire to climb

  2. Eurus Energy Europe BV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 NoEurope BV Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eurus Energy Europe

  3. Heat Pump Markets UK in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Heat Pump Markets UK in Europe IEA Heat Pump Workshop 13. November 2012 Zoltan Karpathy #12;2 Excellence in Market Intelligence Agenda About BSRIA WMI UK in the European Heat Pump Market Heating BSRIA WMI UK in the European Heat Pump Market Heating Technologies in New and Existing Buildings Hybrid

  4. 5, 90039038, 2005 Ozone in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in the at- mospheric boundary layer, a low total ozone column and a reduced cloud cover, all favouring ozone 2003. In this paper we5 argue that a number of positive feedback effects between the weather conditions as the increased temperature and solar radiation indicate that biogenic emissions in Europe were increased during

  5. Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and central Eurasia. Volume 3. 1992 international review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Volume III, Minerals Yearbook -- International Review contains the latest available mineral data on more than 175 foreign countries and discusses the importance of minerals to the economies of these nations. Since the 1989 International Review, the volume has been presented as six reports. The report presents the Mineral Industries of Europe and Central Eurasia. The report incorporates location maps, industry structure tables, and an outlook section previously incorporated in the authors' Minerals Perspectives Series quinquennial regional books, which are being discontinued. This section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 45 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (EC); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA); Malta; the 11 Eastern European economies in transition (Albania, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, and Slovenia); and the countries of Central Eurasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan).

  6. International negotiations on acid rains in Northern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toint, Philippe

    International negotiations on acid rains in Northern Europe: a discrete time iterative process by M on acid rains in Northern Europe: a discrete time iterative process \\Lambda Marc Germain y Philippe L is provided by Kaitala et al. (1995) in the context of the ``acid rain game'' in Northern Europe, that is

  7. Characterization of the Wind Power Resource in Europe and its

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Characterization of the Wind Power Resource in Europe and its Intermittency Alexandra Cosseron, C;1 Characterization of the Wind Power Resource in Europe and its Intermittency Alexandra Cosseron* , C. Adam Schlosser , and Udaya Bhaskar Gunturu Abstract Wind power is assessed over Europe, with special attention given

  8. Alabama successes spur interest in eastern Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Redden, J.

    1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The shallow waters of the eastern fringe of the Gulf of Mexico are becoming a world-class offshore gas play. Spurred by the success ratio offshore Alabama, the water off Mississippi and Florida are drawing intense interest as oil companies attempt to extend the prolific Norphlet formation. Sitting at the heart of the recent interest in the eastern Gulf are the state and federal waters off Alabama. Exploration and drilling activity in the area are discussed.

  9. Beta diversity of angiosperms in temperate floras of eastern Asia and eastern North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peet, Robert K.

    LETTER Beta diversity of angiosperms in temperate floras of eastern Asia and eastern North America The diversity of a region reflects both local diversity and the turnover of species (beta diversity) between, we calculated beta diversity as the slope of the relationship between the log of species similarity

  10. Europe's Energy Portal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGerman Aerospace Center (DLR) SectorEurel InzeniringEurope's

  11. Natsource Europe Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpen Energy InformationNatsource Europe Ltd Jump to:

  12. Stand by Europe | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk,SoutheastSt. Francis County,StaceyStallings, NorthEurope Jump to:

  13. Sustainable Europe Research Institute | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <Maintained By FaultSunpods IncEurope Research Institute Jump to:

  14. Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study: Initial Results (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloom, A.; Townsend, A.; Hummon, M.; Weekley, A.; Clark, K.; King, J.

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This poster presents an overview of the Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study, which aims to answer critical questions about the future of the Eastern Interconnection under high levels of solar and wind generation penetration.

  15. alabama eastern gulf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The angiosperm flora of eastern Asia (EAS) is roughly twice as rich as that of eastern North America (ENA), in spite of similar area and climate. Using provincestate-level...

  16. army europe 409th: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Websites Summary: ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE Timber Committee 2009 UNECE Timber Committee Statement on Forest Products Markets in 2009 and 2010 Adopted on 16...

  17. africa southern europe: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Websites Summary: ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE Timber Committee 2009 UNECE Timber Committee Statement on Forest Products Markets in 2009 and 2010 Adopted on 16...

  18. Ris Energy Report 5 Renewable energy outlook for selected regions 1 4 Renewable energy outlook for selected regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø Energy Report 5 Renewable energy outlook for selected regions 1 4 Renewable energy outlook, are now gradually expanding their role in global energy supply. In 2004, renewable energy from all sources.2 0.0% Biomass 48.3 10.4% Total renewable 60.9 13.1% Total global primary energy consumption 465.4 100

  19. Germany Inspires Innovation --Welcome to Europe's Leader in Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kersting, Kristian

    Germany Inspires Innovation -- Welcome to Europe's Leader in Science #12;Welcome to the Land of Ideas Excellence in research and development Germany is the number one location for research in Europe. Germany's unique scientific tradi- tion and great variety of research offer ideal conditions--not only

  20. Master of Communication Studies New Media and Society in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    Master of Communication Studies New Media and Society in Europe A one-year programme in English-year (60 ECTS) academic master with a focus on New Media and Society in Europe. This English language/or user aspects of new media. Digitisation of media, the emergence of the Internet and the mobile

  1. Evaluation of high resolution simulated and OMI retrieved tropospheric NO 2 column densities over South-Eastern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boersma, Folkert

    (CAMx) for the Balkan Peninsula are compared with OMI/Aura measurements (13x24km2 at nadir) for the year April 2009 to March 2010. The Balkan area contributes significantly to the NO2 burden in European air that OMI can detect the tropospheric column of NO2 over polluted Balkan cities due to its fine horizontal

  2. The Political Economy of Rule of Law in Middle-Income Countries: A Comparison of Eastern Europe and China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peerenboom, Randall

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Soviet republics. At one end, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, andgenerally similar for Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistanexcept for Kyrgyzstan's surprisingly high 42nd percentile

  3. The Political Economy of Rule of Law in Middle-Income Countries: A Comparison of Eastern Europe and China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peerenboom, Randall

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    loading the Costs of Political Reform, in CHINA, INDIA ANDincluding China). Aggregate growth has also come at a costcost of severe restrictions on civil and political rights. China's

  4. Prospects for application of US shale gas technology in Eastern Europe : legal, economic and environmental concerns Poland vs. Ukraine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexeyev, Yevgeniy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is obvious to everybody today that energy is a very important strategic element of the countries' economy. Continuously growing population and industrial sectors demand more and more energy for successful development ...

  5. Eastern Europe Great Cities: Berlin, Prague, Budapest, Sarajevo Greece and Turkey Cities and Gods: From Athens to Istanbul

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lien, Jyh-Ming

    Argentina Buenos Aires Brazil Curitiba China Shanghai England London Israel and Palestine Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Ramalla, Nazareth, Bethlehem, Haifa Morocco Rabat Singapore Singapore Fall 2015 Argentina Buenos in? Go to globaled.gmu.edu to find out more. #12;Australia Griffith University Government and Policy

  6. Southern Rockies: eastern and northwestern Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dolson, J.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploratory drilling in eastern and northwestern Colorado closely paralleled that of 1979. Success factors, however, were higher, partially due to a greater number of marginal well completions following the increase in oil prices. Thirty-seven percent more exploratory wells were completed in 1980 than in 1979. Statewide exploratory success was 28.8% and the development well success rate was 78.3%, compared to 20.8% and 73.4%, respectively, in 1979. Cretaceous sandstones remained the primary target in northwestern and central Colorado. Shallow Niobrara gas provided the main play in eastern Colorado. Southeastern Colorado was the site of significant exploration and development drilling in Pennsylvanian Morrow trends. 1 figure, 3 tables.

  7. Low-Emission Development Strategies and National Appropriate...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America...

  8. Locating Climate Insecurity: Where Are the Most Vulnerable Places...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America...

  9. Transport of anthropogenic and biomass burning aerosols from Europe to the Arctic during spring 2008

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Marelle, L.; Raut, Jean-Christophe; Thomas, J. L.; Law, K. S.; Quennehen, Boris; Ancellet, G.; Pelon, J.; Schwarzenboeck, A.; Fast, Jerome D.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the POLARCAT-France airborne campaign in April 2008, pollution originating from anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions was measured in the European Arctic. We compare these aircraft measurements with simulations using the WRF-Chem model to investigate model representation of aerosols transported from Europe to the Arctic. Modeled PM2.5 is evaluated using European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP) measurements in source regions and POLARCAT aircraft measurements in the Scandinavian Arctic. Total PM2.5 agrees well with the measurements, although the model overestimates nitrate and underestimates organic carbon in source regions. Using WRF-Chem in combination with the Lagrangian model FLEXPART-WRF, we find that duringmore »the campaign the research aircraft sampled two different types of European plumes: mixed anthropogenic and fire plumes from eastern Europe and Russia transported below 2 km, and anthropogenic plumes from central Europe uplifted by warm conveyor belt circulations to 5–6 km. Both modeled plume types had undergone significant wet scavenging (> 50% PM10) during transport. Modeled aerosol vertical distributions and optical properties below the aircraft are evaluated in the Arctic using airborne lidar measurements. Model results show that the pollution event transported aerosols into the Arctic (> 66.6° N) for a 4-day period. During this 4-day period, biomass burning emissions have the strongest influence on concentrations between 2.5 and 3 km altitudes, while European anthropogenic emissions influence aerosols at both lower (~ 1.5 km) and higher altitudes (~ 4.5 km). As a proportion of PM2.5, modeled black carbon and SO4= concentrations are more enhanced near the surface in anthropogenic plumes. The European plumes sampled during the POLARCAT-France campaign were transported over the region of springtime snow cover in northern Scandinavia, where they had a significant local atmospheric warming effect. We find that, during this transport event, the average modeled top-of-atmosphere (TOA) shortwave direct and semi-direct radiative effect (DSRE) north of 60° N over snow and ice-covered surfaces reaches +0.58 W m?2, peaking at +3.3 W m?2 at noon over Scandinavia and Finland.« less

  10. Transport of anthropogenic and biomass burning aerosols from Europe to the Arctic during spring 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marelle, L.; Raut, Jean-Christophe; Thomas, J. L.; Law, K. S.; Quennehen, Boris; Ancellet, G.; Pelon, J.; Schwarzenboeck, A.; Fast, Jerome D.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the POLARCAT-France airborne campaign in April 2008, pollution originating from anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions was measured in the European Arctic. We compare these aircraft measurements with simulations using the WRF-Chem model to investigate model representation of aerosols transported from Europe to the Arctic. Modeled PM2.5 is evaluated using EMEP measurements in source regions and POLARCAT aircraft measurements in the Scandinavian Arctic, showing a good agreement, although the model overestimates nitrate and underestimates organic carbon in source regions. Using WRF-Chem in combination with the Lagrangian model FLEXPART-WRF, we find that during the campaign the research aircraft sampled two different types of European plumes: mixed anthropogenic and fire plumes from eastern Europe and Russia transported below 2 km, and anthropogenic plumes from central Europe uplifted by warm conveyor belt circulations to 5–6 km. Both modeled plume types had significant wet scavenging (> 50% PM10) during transport. Modeled aerosol vertical distributions and optical properties below the aircraft are evaluated in the Arctic using airborne LIDAR measurements. Evaluating the regional impacts in the Arctic of this event in terms of aerosol vertical structure, we find that during the 4 day presence of these aerosols in the lower European Arctic (< 75° N), biomass burning emissions have the strongest influence on concentrations between 2.5 and 3 km altitudes, while European anthropogenic emissions influence aerosols at both lower (~1.5 km) and higher altitudes (~4.5 km). As a proportion of PM2.5, modeled black carbon and SO4= concentrations are more enhanced near the surface. The European plumes sampled during POLARCAT-France were transported over the region of springtime snow cover in Northern Scandinavia, where they had a significant local atmospheric warming effect. We find that, during this transport event, the average modeled top of atmosphere (TOA) shortwave direct and semi-direct radiative effect (DSRE) north of 60° N over snow and ice-covered surfaces reaches +0.58 W m?², peaking at +3.3 W m?² at noon over Scandinavia and Finland.

  11. Northerly surface wind events over the eastern North Pacific Ocean : spatial distribution, seasonality, atmospheric circulation, and forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Stephen V.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    atmosphere over the eastern Pacific Ocean in summer, volumeover the eastern North Pacific Ocean: Spatial distribution,winds over the eastern North Pacific Ocean in spring and

  12. High intensity neutrino oscillation facilities in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edgecock, T R; Davenne, T; Densham, C; Fitton, M; Kelliher, D; Loveridge, P; Machida, S; Prior, C; Rogers, C; Rooney, M; Thomason, J; Wilcox, D; Wildner, E; Efthymiopoulos, I; Garoby, R; Gilardoni, S; Hansen, C; Benedetto, E; Jensen, E; Kosmicki, A; Martini, M; Osborne, J; Prior, G; Stora, T; Melo-Mendonca, T; Vlachoudis, V; Waaijer, C; Cupial, P; Chancé, A; Longhin, A; Payet, J; Zito, M; Baussan, E; Bobeth, C; Bouquerel, E; Dracos, M; Gaudiot, G; Lepers, B; Osswald, F; Poussot, P; Vassilopoulos, N; Wurtz, J; Zeter, V; Bielski, J; Kozien, M; Lacny, L; Skoczen, B; Szybinski, B; Ustrycka, A; Wroblewski, A; Marie-Jeanne, M; Balint, P; Fourel, C; Giraud, J; Jacob, J; Lamy, T; Latrasse, L; Sortais, P; Thuillier, T; Mitrofanov, S; Loiselet, M; Keutgen, Th; Delbar, Th; Debray, F; Trophine, C; Veys, S; Daversin, C; Zorin, V; Izotov, I; Skalyga, V; Burt, G; Dexter, A C; Kravchuk, V L; Marchi, T; Cinausero, M; Gramegna, F; De Angelis, G; Prete, G; Collazuol, G; Laveder, M; Mazzocco, M; Mezzetto, M; Signorini, C; Vardaci, E; Di Nitto, A; Brondi, A; La Rana, G; Migliozzi, P; Moro, R; Palladino, V; Gelli, N; Berkovits, D; Hass, M; Hirsh, T Y; Schaumann, M; Stahl, A; Wehner, J; Bross, A; Kopp, J; Neuffer, D; Wands, R; Bayes, R; Laing, A; Soler, P; Agarwalla, S K; Villanueva, A Cervera; Donini, A; Ghosh, T; Cadenas, J J Gómez; Hernández, P; Martín-Albo, J; Mena, O; Burguet-Castell, J; Agostino, L; Buizza-Avanzini, M; Marafini, M; Patzak, T; Tonazzo, A; Duchesneau, D; Mosca, L; Bogomilov, M; Karadzhov, Y; Matev, R; Tsenov, R; Akhmedov, E; Blennow, M; Lindner, M; Schwetz, T; Martinez, E Fernández; Maltoni, M; Menéndez, J; Giunti, C; García, M C González; Salvado, J; Coloma, P; Huber, P; Li, T; López-Pavón, J; Orme, C; Pascoli, S; Meloni, D; Tang, J; Winter, W; Ohlsson, T; Zhang, H; Scotto-Lavina, L; Terranova, F; Bonesini, M; Tortora, L; Alekou, A; Aslaninejad, M; Bontoiu, C; Kurup, A; Jenner, L J; Long, K; Pasternak, J; Pozimski, J; Back, J J; Harrison, P; Beard, K; Bogacz, A; Berg, J S; Stratakis, D; Witte, H; Snopok, P; Bliss, N; Cordwell, M; Moss, A; Pattalwar, S; Apollonio, M

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The EUROnu project has studied three possible options for future, high intensity neutrino oscillation facilities in Europe. The first is a Super Beam, in which the neutrinos come from the decay of pions created by bombarding targets with a 4 MW proton beam from the CERN High Power Superconducting Proton Linac. The far detector for this facility is the 500 kt MEMPHYS water Cherenkov, located in the Fr\\'ejus tunnel. The second facility is the Neutrino Factory, in which the neutrinos come from the decay of {\\mu}+ and {\\mu}- beams in a storage ring. The far detector in this case is a 100 kt Magnetised Iron Neutrino Detector at a baseline of 2000 km. The third option is a Beta Beam, in which the neutrinos come from the decay of beta emitting isotopes, in particular 6He and 18Ne, also stored in a ring. The far detector is also the MEMPHYS detector in the Fr\\'ejus tunnel. EUROnu has undertaken conceptual designs of these facilities and studied the performance of the detectors. Based on this, it has determined the ph...

  13. Wind Resource Assessment in Europe Using Emergy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paudel, Subodh; Martin, Viktoria; Lacarriere, Bruno; Corre, Olivier Le

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In context of increasing use of renewable sources, it is of importance to correctly evaluate the actual sustainability of their implementation. Emergy analysis is one of the possible methods useful for such an assessment. This work aims to demonstrate how the emergy approach can be used to assess the sustainability of wind energy resource in Europe. The Emergy Index of Sustainability (EIS) and the Emergy Yield Ratio (EYR) are used to analyze 90 stations of European regions for three types of wind turbines. To do so, the simplified Chou wind turbine model is used for different set of parameters as: nominal power and size of the wind turbines, and cut-in and cut-out wind speeds. Based on the calculation of the emergy indices, a mapping is proposed to identify the most appropriate locations for an implementation of wind turbines in European regions. The influence of the wind turbine type on the sustainability is also analyzed, in link with the local wind resource. Thus, it is concluded that the emergy sustainabi...

  14. Annual bulletin of coal statistics for Europe-1983. [Europe, Canada, USA, USSR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a series of statistical tables documenting the production, trade, and consumption of coal in Europe, Canada, the United States, and the Soviet Union. Balance sheets of solid forms of energy are provided for hard coal, patent fuel, and coke; and for brown coal, brown coal briquettes, and brown coal coke. Data are provided on hard coal mines and on brown coal mines for production, employment and productivity of labor. Other tables list imports of solid fuels by country, exports of solid fuels by country, and world production of solid fuels.

  15. Fair trade and harmonization of climate change policies in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viguier, Laurent L.

    In March 2000, the European Commission presented a Green Paper on greenhouse gas emissions trading within Europe, supporting implementation of a Community-wide scheme in which the design and regulation of all essential ...

  16. Steam Turbine Performance in Europe | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Steam Turbine Performance in Europe Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to...

  17. SCANNING TOUR SUMMARY REPORT PRICING EXPERIENCE IN NORTHERN EUROPE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    #12;SCANNING TOUR SUMMARY REPORT PRICING EXPERIENCE IN NORTHERN EUROPE: LESSONS LEARNED...........................................................................................1 2. PURPOSE OF SCANNING TOUR..........................................................................................................................30 PARTICIPANTS IN SCANNING TOUR SCANNING TOUR HOSTS #12;Scanning Tour Summary Report 1 October 20

  18. Evolution of the financial services industry in Europe and US

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyar, Pinar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thesis aims to address the long lasting phenomena of evolution of financial services industry both in US and Europe. The topic has never been more emphasized since the Great Depression. The dramatic fact of cost cutting ...

  19. A Population Study of the Gray Squirrel in Eastern Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodrum, Phil D.

    1940-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ................................................ Acknowledgments 32 Summary and Conclusions ......................................... 32 .................................................. Literature Cited 34 POPULA'I'ION STUDY OF THE GRAY SQUIRREL, SCIURUS CAROLINENSIS CAROLINEN- SIS, IN EASTERN TEXAS PHIL...

  20. Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study: Executive Summary...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Study: Executive Summary and Project Overview Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study: Executive Summary and Project Overview This study evaluates the future operational...

  1. Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study -- Preliminary Findings: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corbus, D.; Milligan, M.; Ela, E.; Schuerger, M.; Zavadil, B.

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study, the development of wind datasets, the transmission analysis, and the results of wind integration analysis for four scenarios.

  2. Geothermal Exploration in Eastern California Using Aster Thermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    library Report: Geothermal Exploration in Eastern California Using Aster Thermal Infrared Data Abstract Remote sensing is a cost-effective tool that can be used to cover large...

  3. Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool Now Available | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Addthis The Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council (EISPC) has released the Energy Zones (EZ) Mapping Tool, a free, web-based interactive tool that will help states...

  4. Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study (EWITS) (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EWITS was designed to answer questions about technical issues related to a 20% wind energy scenario for electric demand in the Eastern Interconnection.

  5. Environmental Regulation Impacts on Eastern Interconnection Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markham, Penn N [ORNL; Liu, Yilu [ORNL; Young II, Marcus Aaron [ORNL

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the United States, recent environmental regulations will likely result in the removal of nearly 30 GW of oil and coal-fired generation from the power grid, mostly in the Eastern Interconnection (EI). The effects of this transition on voltage stability and transmission line flows have previously not been studied from a system-wide perspective. This report discusses the results of power flow studies designed to simulate the evolution of the EI over the next few years as traditional generation sources are replaced with environmentally friendlier ones such as natural gas and wind.

  6. Eastern Maine Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrictInformation Ireland)EastEastern Iowa

  7. Eastern Illinois Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazel Crest, Illinois: Energy ResourcesRutherford,Eastern Illinois Elec Coop

  8. BLM Eastern States Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: Energy ResourcesBurley Field Office JumpEastern

  9. ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and Northern Saudi Arabia in Wadi Kareim and Wadi Mobarak in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and the Nuwaybah formation in NW Saudi and extends from Egypt, Israel, and Jordan to Ethiopia and Yemen. The ANS (Fig. 1a) developed during

  10. Jurassic petroleum trends in eastern Gulf Coastal Plain and central and eastern Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, E.A.; Mink, R.M.; Bearden, B.L.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three Jurassic petroleum trends can be delineated in Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida, and in the central and eastern Gulf of Mexico. These trends are recognized by characteristic petroleum traps, reservoirs, and hydrocarbon types. The source for the Jurassic hydrocarbons is Smackover algal mudstones. The Jurassic oil trend includes the area north of the regional peripheral fault systems in the tri-state area, and extends into the area north of the Destin anticline. Traps are basement highs and salt anticlines, with Smackover grainstones and dolostones and Norphlet marine, eolian, and wadi sandstones as reservoirs. This trend has potential for Jurassic oil accumulations in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. The Jurassic oil and gas-condensate trend includes the onshore area between the regional peripheral fault systems and Wiggins arch and extends into the area of the Destin anticline. Traps are basement highs, salt related anticlines, and extensional faults. Cotton Valley fluvial-deltaic sandstones, Haynesville carbonates and fluvial-deltaic sandstones, Smackover grainstones, packstones, dolostones, and marine sandstones, and Norphlet marine, eolian, and wadi sandstones serve as reservoirs. This trend contains most of the Jurassic fields in the eastern Gulf coastal plain. The trend has high potential for significant petroleum accumulations in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. The Jurassic deep natural gas trend includes the onshore area south of the Wiggins arch and extends into the Mississippi-Alabama shelf. Traps are faulted salt anticlines with basement highs as potential traps. Cotton Valley deltaic-strandplain sandstones and Norphlet eolian sandstones are the reservoirs. Several gas discoveries below 20,000 ft have been made in this trend in Mississippi and offshore Alabama. The trend has excellent potential for major gas accumulations in coastal Alabama and central Gulf of Mexico.

  11. Eastern Band of Cherokee Strategic Energy Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Souther Carolina Institute of energy Studies-Robert Leitner

    2009-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy Tribal Energy Program (TEP) to develop a Tribal Strategic Energy Plan (SEP). The grant, awarded under the “First Steps” phase of the TEP, supported the development of a SEP that integrates with the Tribe’s plans for economic development, preservation of natural resources and the environment, and perpetuation of Tribal heritage and culture. The Tribe formed an Energy Committee consisting of members from various departments within the Tribal government. This committee, together with its consultant, the South Carolina Institute for Energy Studies, performed the following activities: • Develop the Tribe’s energy goals and objectives • Establish the Tribe’s current energy usage • Identify available renewable energy and energy efficiency options • Assess the available options versus the goals and objectives • Create an action plan for the selected options

  12. Coal rank trends in eastern Kentucky

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hower, J.C.; Trinkle, E.J.

    1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Examination of coal rank (by vitrinite maximum reflectance) for eastern Kentucky coals has revealed several regional trends. Coal rank varies from high volatile C (0.5% R/sub max/) to medium volatile bituminous (1.1% R/sub max/), and generally increases to the southeast. One east-west-trending rank high and at least four north-south-trending rank highs interrupt the regional increase. The east-west-trending rank high is associated with the Kentucky River faults in northeastern Kentucky. It is the only rank high clearly associated with a fault zone. The four north-south-trending rank highs are parallel with portions of major tectonic features such as the Eastern Kentucky syncline. Overall, though, the association of north-south-trending rank highs with tectonic expression is not as marked as that with the anomaly associated with the Kentucky River faults. It is possible that the rank trends are related to basement features with subdued surface expression. Rank generally increases with depth, and regional trends observed in one coal are also seen in overlying and underlying coals. The cause of the regional southeastward increase in rank is likely to be the combined influence of greater depth of burial and proximity to late Paleozoic orogenic activity. The anomalous trends could be due to increased depth of burial, but are more likely to have resulted from tectonic activity along faults and basement discontinuities. The thermal disturbances necessary to increase the coal rank need not have been great, perhaps on the order of 10-20/sup 0/C (18-36/sup 0/F) above the metamorphic temperatures of the lower rank coals.

  13. The Future of Democracy in Europe Trends, Analyses and Reforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    1 The Future of Democracy in Europe Trends, Analyses and Reforms A Green Paper for the Council-level accountability Mechanisms for direct citizen consultation Part III. Recommendations for reform Introduction Guidelines Our "wish list" of recommended reforms 1. Universal citizenship 2. Discretionary voting 3

  14. Characterization of the Solar Power Resource in Europe and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Characterization of the Solar Power Resource in Europe and Assessing Benefits of Co to mitigate and adapt to unavoidable global environmental changes. Being data-driven, the Program uses for Global Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEPR

  15. Thermal and Water Pinch Success Stories in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eastwood, A.

    "Pinch Analysis™ for energy is now becoming commonplace in Europe with many companies (eg, BP Amoco and Shell) incorporating Pinch Analysis as a routine part of their process designs. In recent years, WaterPinchTM has emerged as an equally important...

  16. Information Science in Europe Fidelia Ibekwe-SanJuan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Information Science in Europe Fidelia Ibekwe-SanJuan University of Lyon 3 4, cours Albert Thomas and Information Science Birketinget 6, Copenhagen, Denmark PI@db.dk Tatjana Aparac-Jelusi University of Zadar aims at giving an overview on the situation of information science in a few selected European countries

  17. Three Investment Scenarios for Future Nuclear Reactors in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Three Investment Scenarios for Future Nuclear Reactors in Europe Bianka SHOAI TEHRANI CEA nuclear reactors within a few decades (2040), several events and drivers could question this possibility or detrimental to future nuclear reactors compared with other technologies and according to four main investment

  18. Actes du 23me colloque de l'Adm-Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    Actes du 23ème colloque de l'Adméé-Europe Evaluation et enseignement supérieur 1 LES INFIRMIERS infirmiers, didactique professionnelle, évaluation des compétences. Résumé. La réforme de la formation en soins infirmiers par « l'approche compétences » s'applique depuis septembre 2009. L'IFSI de

  19. Visite de la biozone europe et de la serre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    reconstituées avec soin : de la plaine Sahel-Soudan à l'Europe, en passant par la Guyane, la Patagonie ou pour la plupart dans une zone d'acclimatation temporaire. Ils sont reçus dans leurs habitats définitifs

  20. Landscape wildfire interactions in Southern Europe: implications for landscape management.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , Mediterranean, fire regime, climate change. 1. Introduction Every year about 45000 forest fires occur in southern Europe, causing large ecological and socio-economic impacts. Climate and land use changes, snc - 01100 Viterbo, Italy h National Agricultural Research Foundation, Institute of Mediterranean

  1. Threats from Climate Change to Terrestrial Vertebrate Hotspots in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmermann, Niklaus E.

    Threats from Climate Change to Terrestrial Vertebrate Hotspots in Europe Luigi Maiorano1 to extreme climates. Our results outline that the Mediterranean basin represents both an important hotspot change projected to occur over the coming decades, especially in the Mediterranean bioregion, posing

  2. Oil and gas developments in Europe in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yarbrough, S.C.

    1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Western Europe rebounded from the recent recession, recording an increase in most oil- and gas-related activities except development drilling and downstream operations. Exploration and appraisal drilling boomed in the North Sea, where a record 266 wells (182 in the United Kingdom sector alone) were spudded in 1984. Italy and the United Kingdom sector of the North Sea led Europe in discoveries, each reporting 22 successful new-field wildcats. Significant activities in 1984 included Malta's first hydrocarbon discovery. Italy and Yugoslavia shifted focus of exploration activity to the Adriatic Sea from onshore areas. Interest surged in France's Paris basin, where a 60% increase in licensed acreage was reported. Oil production in the Paris basin nearly doubled, threatening to overtake output from the 30-year-old Aquitaine fields. Oil production increased overall in Europe by 8.9%, boosted primarily by North Sea crude. Licensing rounds announced for offshore Norway, United Kingdom, and Ireland in 1984 should ensure a continuing high level of activity in northwest Europe. 19 figures, 6 tables.

  3. China and Europe enhance cooperation 09 December 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    News China and Europe enhance cooperation 09 December 2004 China and the European Union (EU) signed nuclear facilities in China while many in the bloc will be shutting down. The agreement also includes)'. China, along with Russia, is supporting the EU's bid to build Iter in France, while South Korea

  4. MANUFACTURERS: ALERTPRODUCT "MARK" REQUIRED FOR U.S. EXPORTS TO EUROPE!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TO U.S. MANUFACTURERS: ALERTPRODUCT "MARK" REQUIRED FOR U.S. EXPORTS TO EUROPE! U.S. Department we export to Europe fall within the scope of Module A, U.S. manufacturers can readily apply the CE

  5. Reading the Lontars: Endangered Literary Practices of Lombok, Eastern Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin, Peter

    2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sasaks of Lombok island, eastern Indonesia, have a literary tradition of writing manuscripts on palm leaves (lontar) in a manner similar to that of the Balinese (Rubinstein 2000), and historically, the Javanese. Lombok today remains only one...

  6. Paper # XXX Topic: Reaction Kinetics Eastern State Fall Technical Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knyazev, Vadim D.

    Paper # XXX Topic: Reaction Kinetics 1 Eastern State Fall Technical Meeting Chemical & Physical ­ 1017 s-1 #12;Paper # XXX Topic: Reaction Kinetics 2 and activation energy values close to the C-C bond

  7. Advanced Unit Commitment Strategies in the United States Eastern Interconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meibom, P.; Larsen, H. V.; Barth, R.; Brand, H.; Tuohy, A.; Ela, E.

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project sought to evaluate the impacts of high wind penetrations on the U.S. Eastern Interconnection and analyze how different unit commitment strategies may affect these impacts.

  8. Characterization of maize testing locations in eastern and southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maideni, Francis W.

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ???????..?...?.??. 15 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION ??????????..??. 26 SUMMARY????????????????????... 52 III PHENOTYPIC AND GENETIC ANALYSIS OF MAIZE TESTING EVALUATIONS IN EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICA????????????.?..................................... 94... INTRODUCTION????????????.???..??? 94 REVIEW OF LITERATURE????????..???.??.. 96 MATERIALS AND METHODS???????..?...?.??.. 98 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION ???........................................ 100 SUMMARY??????????????????????. 158 IV...

  9. Characterization of maize testing locations in eastern and southern Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maideni, Francis W.

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The region of eastern and southern Africa is very diverse in environments and agronomic practices. The region has one of the highest per capita consumption of maize (Zea mays. L), which is predominantly produced by smallholder ...

  10. A reservoir management strategy for multilayered reservoirs in eastern Venezuela

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinel Diaz, Arnaldo Leopoldo

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A reservoir management strategy has been developed for a field located in eastern Venezuela. The field contains deep, high pressure, multilayer reservoirs. A thorough formation evaluation was accomplished using the log data, core data, PVT data...

  11. Submarine geomorphology of Eastern Ross Sea and Sulzberger Bay, Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepley, Larry Kent

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SUBMARINE GEOMORPHOLOGY OF EASTERN ROSS SEA AND SULZBERGER BAY, ANTARCTICA A Thocis By Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A 6 H Universicy in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE lanum...- ': Bsfhpeotrg l. Outer Snelf ?. ? Q ? ~elf =Bepr eeoione 3. inner Shelf 4~ B id gee S ed haunts l. Antaratic Uorine Sedhaento B seclhnents of Eastern Rom ssa - suleborgsr Boy Dissuasion Outer Shelf a. Ihwtstio, Xsostatio, snd Qlaoia1 Sister@ b. ?h igin...

  12. Developing Generic Dynamic Models for the 2030 Eastern Interconnection Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kou, Gefei [ORNL; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; Markham, Penn N [ORNL; Liu, Yilu [ORNL

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative (EIPC) has built three major power flow cases for the 2030 Eastern Interconnection (EI) based on various levels of energy/environmental policy conditions, technology advances, and load growth. Using the power flow cases, this report documents the process of developing the generic 2030 dynamic models using typical dynamic parameters. The constructed model was validated indirectly using the synchronized phasor measurements by removing the wind generation temporarily.

  13. Effects of large-scale distribution of wind energy in and around Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effects of large-scale distribution of wind energy in and around Europe Gregor Giebel Niels Gylling energy in Europe? · Distribution of wind energy all over Europe leads to smoothing of the wind power energy can easily supply up to ~20% of the European demand. At this stage, · Less than 13% of the wind

  14. An iterative process for international negociations on acid rain in Northern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toint, Philippe

    An iterative process for international negociations on acid rain in Northern Europe using a general 138.48.4.14) #12; An iterative process for international negotiations on acid rain in Northern Europe transboundary pollution problem related to acid rain in Northern Europe. This simulation shows the need

  15. The knowledge economy in Europe A report prepared for the 2007 EU Spring Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen-Burger, Yun-Heh (Jessica)

    The knowledge economy in Europe A report prepared for the 2007 EU Spring Council Prepared by Ian. Knowledge industry employment in Europe 6 4. Moving towards a knowledge based economy in Europe 7 5 10 8. Investing in knowledge 11 9. Next steps 23 Sponsors for the knowledge economy programme include

  16. Buying a sustainable future? Timber procurement policies in Europe and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    March 2009 Buying a sustainable future? Timber procurement policies in Europe and Japan #12;Buying a sustainable future? Timber procurement policies in Europe and Japan2 A report produced by FERN, March 2009 policies in Europe and Japan 3 Abbreviations ATFS American Tree Farm System ATO African Timber Association

  17. Characterization of the wind power resource in Europe and its intermittency*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Characterization of the wind power resource in Europe and its intermittency* Alexandra Cosseron Characterization of the wind power resource in Europe and its intermittency Alexandra Cosseron a, *, Udaya Bhaskar-4307, USA Abstract Wind power is assessed over Europe, with a special care given to the quantification

  18. A comprehensive set of high-resolution grids of monthly climate for Europe and the globe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    on biomass potential in western Europe; Rotmans A comprehensive set of high-resolution grids of monthly climate for Europe and the globe;1 A comprehensive set of high-resolution grids of monthly climate for Europe and the globe: the observed record

  19. Satelliteobservations,AT2 INVERTING GOME FORMALDEHYDE COLUMN FOR BIOGENIC EMISSIONS OVER EUROPE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curci, Gabriele

    emissions, as opposed to 30% of anthropogenic plus biomass burning contribution.Europe is the only continentSatelliteobservations,AT2 INVERTING GOME FORMALDEHYDE COLUMN FOR BIOGENIC EMISSIONS OVER EUROPE over Europe is generally overestimated by the state-of-the-art chemistry and transport model GEOS

  20. Mississippian facies relationships, eastern Anadarko basin, Oklahoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peace, H.W. (Oryx Energy, Inc., Midland, TX (United States)); Forgotson, J.M. (Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman (United States))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mississippian strata in the eastern Anadarko basin record a gradual deepening of the basin. Late and post-Mississippian tectonism (Wichita and Arbuckle orogenies) fragmented the single large basin into the series of paired basins and uplifts recognized in the southern half of Oklahoma today. Lower Mississippian isopach and facies trends (Sycamore and Caney Formations) indicate that basinal strike in the study area (southeastern Anadarko basin) was predominantly east-west. Depositional environment interpretations made for Lower Mississippian strata suggest that the basin was partially sediment starved and exhibited a low shelf-to-basin gradient. Upper Mississippian isopach and facies trends suggest that basinal strike within the study area shifted from dominantly east-west to dominantly northwest-southeast due to Late Mississippian and Early Pennsylvanian uplift along the Nemaha ridge. Within the study area, the Chester Formation, composed of gray to dove-gray shales with interbedded limestones deposited on a carbonate shelf, thins depositionally into the basin and is thinnest at its facies boundary with the Springer Group and the upper portion of the Caney Formation. As basin subsidence rates accelerated, the southern edge of the Chester carbonate shelf was progressively drowned, causing a backstepping of the Chester Formation calcareous shale and carbonate facies. Springer Group sands and black shales transgressed northward over the drowned Chester Formation shelf.

  1. Annual bulletin of coal statistics for Europe 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book contains data on developments and trends involving solid fuels in the countries of Europe and in the United States, Canada, and the Soviet Union. It provides a balance sheet of solid forms of energy and details on the production, employment, and productivity of labor for hard coal mines and for brown coal mines. Also documented are imports and exports of solid fuels by country and the world production of solid fuels.

  2. Economics and Politics of Shale Gas in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chyong, Chi Kong; Reiner, David M.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    suppliers (overseas LNG, Middle East and North Africa etc.) are not very promising in the short to medium term. A more problematic question, which affects both the economics of conventional gas supply options to Europe as well as European shale gas... was expected to be an ever-larger net importer of gas and correspondingly many contracts were signed to build out LNG import infrastructure. As late as 2008, the U.S. Energy Information Administration was predicting continued growth in net imports...

  3. Evaluation of transboundary environmental issues in Central Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engi, D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Corporate Planning and Strategic Business Development Div.; Kapustka, L.A.; Williams, B.A.; Meganck, R.A.; Garrison, J.G. [Ecological Planning and Toxicology, Inc., Corvallis, OR (United States); Glicken, J. [Ecological Planning and Toxicology, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hostetler, C.J.; Lawrence, S. [Columbia Environmental Services, Inc., Kennewick, WA (United States)

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Central Europe has experienced environmental degradation for hundreds of years. The proximity of countries, their shared resources, and transboundary movement of environmental pollution, create the potential for regional environmental strife. The goal of this project was to identify the sources and sinks of environmental pollution in Central Europe and evaluate the possible impact of transboundary movement of pollution on the countries of Central Europe. In meeting the objectives of identifying sources of contaminants, determining transboundary movement of contaminants, and assessing socio-economic implications, large quantities of disparate data were examined. To facilitate use of the data, the authors refined mapping procedures that enable processing information from virtually any map or spreadsheet data that can be geo-referenced. Because the procedure is freed from a priori constraints of scale that confound most Geographical Information Systems, they have the capacity to generate new projections and apply sophisticated statistical analyses to the data. The analysis indicates substantial environmental problems. While transboundary pollution issues may spawn conflict among the Central European countries and their neighbors, it appears that common environmental problems facing the entire region have had the effect of bringing the countries together, even though opportunities for deteriorating relationships may still arise.

  4. Gigantic Ordovician volcanic ash fall in North America and Europe: Biological, tectonomagmatic, and event-stratigraphic significance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huff, W.D. (Univ. of Cincinnati, OH (United States)); Bergstroem, S.M. (Ohio State Univ., Columbus (United States)); Kolata, D.R. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign (United States))

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biostratigraphical, geochemical, isotopic, and paleogeographic data suggest that the Millbrig K-bentonite, one of the thickest and most widespread Ordovician volcanic ash beds in eastern North America, is the same as the so-called 'Big Bentonite' in Baltoscandia. This is the first time that the same K-bentonite has been identified in both North America and Europe, and it serves as a unique event-stratigraphic marker over a large portion of the Northern Hemisphere. This eruption produced at least 340 km[sup 3] of dense-rock-equivalent ash that was deposited in a layer up to 1-2 m thick over several million square kilometers. As much as 800 km[sup 3] of additional ash may have fallen into the Iapetus Ocean, for a total of 1,140 km[sup 3]. Trace element geochemistry shows that the ash was derived from a felsic calc-alkalic magmatic source characteristic of volcanism in a continental crust-based, destructive plate-margin setting. This is one of the largest, if not the largest, ash falls recorded in Earth's Phanerozoic stratigraphic record, but its recognizable effect on faunas and floras was minimal, and it did not result in a global extinction event. The Millbrig-Big Bentonite bed provides accurate time control for sedimentologic, paleoecologic, and paleogeographic reconstructions across plates positioned in tropical (Laurentia) and temperate (Baltica) latitudes during Middle Ordovician time.

  5. Title: Hidden economies, future options: trade in non-timber forest products in eastern Indonesia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Hidden economies, future options: trade in non-timber forest products in eastern Indonesia Tenggara (ENT), eastern Indonesia. The study was the outcome of an ACIAR scoping study undertaken through

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - air force eastern Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ) and eastern IO (80E-120E). To consider the monsoon-ocean interaction and the remote ENSO forcing, we... the tropical IO and eastern Pacific is about 1:4, c1>0.25 means...

  7. Differential Attraction of Heliothis subflexa Males to Synthetic Pheromone Lures in Eastern US

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Differential Attraction of Heliothis subflexa Males to Synthetic Pheromone Lures in Eastern US in Eastern US showed that when the acetates were omitted from a 7-component blend in rubber septa, fewer

  8. Concurrent tectonic and climatic changes recorded in upper Tortonian sediments from the Eastern Mediterranean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    evolution in the eastern Mediterranean region. Concurrent tectonic and climatic changes in the MetochiaConcurrent tectonic and climatic changes recorded in upper Tortonian sediments from the Eastern climatic reconstructions reveal substantial changes, especially on the North African continent which

  9. Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia exposed on Obi Island, eastern Indonesia. Until the late Neogene, Obi formed part of the southern tectonic history of eastern Indonesia and northern New Guinea has been dominated by the punctuated

  10. Late Quaternary variability of sedimentary nitrogen isotopes in the eastern South Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Late Quaternary variability of sedimentary nitrogen isotopes in the eastern South Pacific Ocean), Late Quaternary variability of sedimentary nitrogen isotopes in the eastern South Pacific Ocean) in the water columns of the Arabian Sea (AS) and the eastern North and South Pacific oceans (ENP; ESP) holds

  11. Primary production in the eastern tropical Pacific: A review J. Timothy Pennington a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennington, J. Timothy

    , Peru Abstract The eastern tropical Pacific includes 28 million km2 of ocean between 23.5°N phytoplankton growth (and nitrogen fixation) over large portions of the open-ocean eastern tropical Pacific Pacific. Seasonal cycles are weak over much of the open-ocean eastern tropical Pacific, although several

  12. Intraseasonal Eastern Pacific Precipitation and SST Variations in a GCM Coupled to a Slab Ocean Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maloney, Eric

    Intraseasonal Eastern Pacific Precipitation and SST Variations in a GCM Coupled to a Slab Ocean-Schubert convection to a slab ocean model (SOM) improves the simulation of eastern Pacific convection during and ocean make eastern Pacific low-level circulation anomalies more complex in the SOM simulation than

  13. Syn-thinning pluton emplacement during Mesozoic extension in eastern Mongolia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Syn-thinning pluton emplacement during Mesozoic extension in eastern Mongolia Yannick Daoudene,1 relationships between deformation and magmatic activity that occurred in the central part of eastern Mongolia of eastern Mongolia. Citation: Daoudene, Y., D. Gapais, G. Ruffet, E. Gloaguen, A. Cocherie, and P. Ledru

  14. Conventional armed forces in Europe: Technology scenario development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Houser, G.M.

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In January 1986, the Soviet Union's Mikhail Gorbachev proposed elimination of all nuclear weapons by the year 2000. In April of that year, Mr. Gorbachev proposed substantial reductions of conventional weapons in Europe, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Ural Mountains, including reductions in operational-tactical nuclear weapons. In May 1986, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) responded with the Brussels Declaration on Conventional Arms Control,'' which indicated readiness to open East/West discussions on establishing a mandate for negotiating conventional arms control throughout Europe. The Group of 23,'' which met in Vienna beginning in February 1987, concluded the meeting in January 1989 with a mandate for the Conventional Armed Forced in Europe (CFE) negotiations. On 6 March 1989, CFE talks began, and these talks have continued through six rounds (as of April 1990). Although US President George Bush, on 30 May 1989, called for agreement within six months to a year, and the Malta meeting of December 1989 called for completion of a CFE agreement by the end of 1990, much remains to be negotiated. This report provides three types of information. First, treaty provisions brought to the table by both sides are compared. Second, on the basis of these provisions, problem areas for each of the provision elements are postulated and possible scenarios for resolving these problem areas are developed. Third, the scenarios are used as requirements for tasks assigned program elements for possible US implementation of a CFE treaty. As progress is achieved during the negotiations, this report could be updated, as necessary, in each of the areas to provide a continuing systematic basis for program implementation and technology development. 8 refs.

  15. Dow Corning Europe S A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrict ofDongjin Semichem CoDow Corning Europe S A

  16. Dynetek Europe GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrict ofDongjinDynetek Europe GmbH Jump to:

  17. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG JumpEurope Jump to: navigation,

  18. Diseases of plantation forestry trees in eastern and southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diseases of plantation forestry trees in eastern and southern Africa J. Roux a*, G. Meke b , B are being allocated to the training of forestry staff andtreeimprovement.Theseefforts,aimedatstrengtheningthe forestry business, also embrace research on pests and diseases that might significantly reduce the value

  19. AN ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF THE ST. LAWRENCE RIVER-EASTERN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AN ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF THE ST. LAWRENCE RIVER-EASTERN LAKE ONTARIO BASS FISHERY The St. Lawrence information on the economic importance of the bass fishery, considered by many to be one of the best smallmouth bass fisheries in the world. The economic value of this recreational fishery should be taken

  20. Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study Solar Dataset (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hummon, M.

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory produced solar power production data for the Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study (ERGIS) including "real time" 5-minute interval data, "four hour ahead forecast" 60-minute interval data, and "day-ahead forecast" 60-minute interval data for the year 2006. This presentation provides a brief overview of the three solar power datasets.

  1. UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN SOUTHERN DIVISION COALITION TO DEFEND PARTY, Plaintiffs, v. JENNIFER GRANHOLM, in her official capacity as Governor of the State of Michigan, the REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, the BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY, the BOARD

  2. EIS-0390: Eastern Plains Transmission Project, Colorado and Kansas.

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS is for Western Area Power Administration's proposal to participate with Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association, Inc. (Tri-State), to construct the proposed Eastern Plains Transmission Project (Project). Western’s participation with Tri-State would be in exchange for capacity rights on the transmission lines.

  3. The Rise of Europe: Atlantic Trade, Institutioanl Change and Economic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    2003-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper documents that the Rise of (Western) Europe between 1500 and 1850 is largely accounted for by the growth of European nations with access to the Atlantic, ...

  4. What can transmission do for a fully renewable Europe?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Sarah; Andresen, Gorm B; Greiner, Martin O W; Schramm, Stefan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Our research is centred around the question how to best integrate the variable renewable energy sources (VRES), wind power and solar photovoltaics, into the European electricity grid. The future electricity supply will be based to a large extend on these fluctuating resources. We have conducted a study, extrapolating national historical and targeted wind and solar power penetrations in Europe up to 100% VRES (R.A. Rodriguez et al, Renewable Energy 63, p. 467, Mar 2014 and S. Becker et al, Energy 64, p. 404, Jan 2014). A high share of VRES means large fluctuations in the generation, causing overproduction and deficits. One way to reduce such mismatches is power transmission spatially smoothing out the fluctuations. This has the potential to reduce the remaining shortages by sharing the surplus production of others. We find that shortages can at maximum be reduced by 40% in the hypothetical case of unlimited transmission capacities across all of Europe. A more realistic extension of the transmission grid, rough...

  5. Europe in the 21st Century: Power, Leadership and Crisis Summer School for Secondary School Teachers, 16-18 January 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Power and Leadership Day 2: Europe and Crisis Day 3: Europe - Australia relations 8:45 RegistrationEurope in the 21st Century: Power, Leadership and Crisis Summer School for Secondary School in the Middle East Europe & global security Europe & humanitarian assistance `Discovering' Australia European

  6. A retrospective study of ecosystem effects of the 1976/77 regime shift in the eastern Pacific warm pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vilchis, L. Ignacio

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, in the eastern Pacificalbacares and Katsuwonus pelamis, respectively), to drive

  7. Eneau, Lameul & Bertrand May 2011 The Proceedings of the International Transformative Learning Conference in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Conference in Europe 9th International Conference on Transformative Learning 1" Proceedings of the 9th Transformative Learning Conference in Europe 9th International Conference on Transformative Learning 2Eneau, Lameul & Bertrand May 2011 The Proceedings of the International Transformative Learning

  8. Journal of Life Sciences 6 (2012) 335-341 The International Research Group in Geophysics Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Life Sciences 6 (2012) 335-341 The International Research Group in Geophysics Europe to create the IRGGEA (International Group in Geophysics Europe Africa) in order to pursue the scientific: Scientific network, ethical rules, geophysics, sustainable research, Africa. 1. Introduction

  9. CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE ADOPTION OF AGRICULTURE IN NORTH-WEST EUROPE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE ADOPTION OF AGRICULTURE IN NORTH-WEST EUROPE Clive Bonsall Department was triggered by a significant change in climate. This finding may also have implications for understanding: agriculture, climate change, Mesolithic, Neolithic, north-west Europe INTRODUCTION Farming was established

  10. United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNECE United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Economic Commission for Europe of the United Forestry Commission of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, to promote sustainable? UNITED NATIONS #12;#12;ECE/TIM/DP/44 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe/ Food and Agriculture

  11. Cancer incidences in Europe related to mortalities, and ethnohistoric, genetic, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Michael S.

    Cancer incidences in Europe related to mortalities, and ethnohistoric, genetic, and geographic We have previously shown that geographic differences in cancer mortalities in Europe are related of 45 male and 47 female cancers. Differences in cancer incidences are correlated moder- ately, first

  12. Europe, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options -New York Times January 22, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Europe, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options - New York Times January 22, 2008 Europe, Cutting Biofuel Subsidies, Redirects Aid to Stress Greenest Options By ELISABETH for biofuels, acknowledging that the environmental benefits of these fuels have often been overstated

  13. THE PREV AIR SYSTEM, AN OPERATIONAL SYSTEM FOR LARGE SCALE AIR QUALITY FORECASTS OVER EUROPE; APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    THE PREV AIR SYSTEM, AN OPERATIONAL SYSTEM FOR LARGE SCALE AIR QUALITY FORECASTS OVER EUROPE Author ABSTRACT Since Summer 2003, the PREV'AIR system has been delivering through the Internet1 daily air quality forecasts over Europe. This is the visible part of a wider collaborative project

  14. Energy, water and large-scale patterns of reptile and amphibian species richness in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel

    Energy, water and large-scale patterns of reptile and amphibian species richness in Europe Miguel Á and amphibian species richness in Europe and 11 environmental variables related to five hypotheses, an estimate of plant biomass generated through satellite remote sensing, both described similar proportions

  15. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Note for the Press ECE/TIM/08/N01

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Note for the Press ECE/TIM/08/N01 Geneva, 29 October combats climate change The Timber Committee of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE and forest biomass; Panel and pulp manufacturers continue to be concerned about the competition for their raw

  16. OPEN DISTANCE INTER-UNIVERSITY SYNERGIES BETWEEN EUROPE, AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    621 OPEN DISTANCE INTER-UNIVERSITY SYNERGIES BETWEEN EUROPE, AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST (ODISEAME and Middle East) is a project related to the fifth sector of application of the EUMEDIS initiative (Euro AND GOALS OF THE PROJECT ODISEAME (Open Distance Inter-university Synergies between Europe, Africa

  17. OPEN DISTANCE INTER-UNIVERSITY SYNERGIES BETWEEN EUROPE, AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    621 OPEN DISTANCE INTER-UNIVERSITY SYNERGIES BETWEEN EUROPE, AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST (ODISEAME-university Synergies between Europe, Africa and Middle East) is a project related to the fifth sector of application and the Middle East (ODISEAME). Sixth International Conference on Computer Based Learning in Science, CBLIS 2003

  18. Ambitious exploration, pipeline project may tap eastern C. I. S

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krueger, W.C. (Jebco Seismic Ltd., London (GB))

    1992-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on Project Vostok, a vastly ambitious project which will by the end of the century move gas from Eastern Siberia and the Sakhalin area through North and South Korea to Japan. This system will open one of the last available frontiers on earth for exploitation of many diverse natural resources. With the start of such a project, western oil companies can see a return on their investment possibly equal to investment in other more developed areas. Eastern Siberia and the Far East of the former Soviet Union possess huge hydrocarbon and mineral reserves. Their areal extent is 3.2 million sq km, equal to more than 40% of the U.S. land area. The conception of development of the Yakutsk, Irkutsk, and Sakhalin gas fields and mineral and timber resources of the Far East exemplifies a project that encompasses many different organizations and boundaries.

  19. International market integration for natural gas? : a cointegration analysis of priced in Europe, North America and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L'Hegaret, Guillaume

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the degree of natural gas market integration in Europe, North America and Japan, between the mid 1990?s and 2002. Our hypothesis is that there was a certain split of prices between Europe and North America. The ...

  20. Making the Market Right for Environmentally Sound Energy-Efficient Technologies: U.S. Buildings Sector Successes that Might Work in Developing Countries and Eastern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadgil, A.J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Achieving Energy-Efficient Buildings in ASEAN, inAmerican Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, 1990. 33American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, 1991. 17

  1. Making the Market Right for Environmentally Sound Energy-Efficient Technologies: U.S. Buildings Sector Successes that Might Work in Developing Countries and Eastern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadgil, A.J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    supply curves. 9 The EPRI curve indicates a cumulativeLaboratory, 1991. 9 The EPRI curve actually includes only 11Power Research Institute (EPRI) curve which represents the

  2. Making the Market Right for Environmentally Sound Energy-Efficient Technologies: U.S. Buildings Sector Successes that Might Work in Developing Countries and Eastern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadgil, A.J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and operation of the electricity sector. In most developingservices. The electricity sector owns and controls very¢IkWh for commercial sector electricity and a retail natural

  3. Making the Market Right for Environmentally Sound Energy-Efficient Technologies: U.S. Buildings Sector Successes that Might Work in Developing Countries and Eastern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadgil, A.J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the utility invests in the ESCO, just as it would in a powerplant. The ESCO makes use of this money in a creative way toa somewhat lower bill, the ESCO makes money from the saved

  4. Public-private regulatory complementarities in a world of fragmented production : labor regulation in the electronics industry of Eastern Central Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pal, Timea

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The central argument of my dissertation is that national labor relation institutions where transnational private regulatory efforts are implemented influence the extent and manner of public-private regulatory complementarities. ...

  5. Making the Market Right for Environmentally Sound Energy-Efficient Technologies: U.S. Buildings Sector Successes that Might Work in Developing Countries and Eastern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadgil, A.J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Market for Energy Efficiency in Residential Appliances including Heating andheating needs. This cost-effective film is slowly saturating the market,

  6. Making the Market Right for Environmentally Sound Energy-Efficient Technologies: U.S. Buildings Sector Successes that Might Work in Developing Countries and Eastern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadgil, A.J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy and electricity consumption (E) and gross national product (GNP) trendsenergy consumption. Recent and Projected Energy Use Trends

  7. Guidelines for ground motion definition for the eastern United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gwaltney, R.C.; Aramayo, G.A.; Williams, R.T.

    1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guidelines for the determination of earthquake ground motion definition for the eastern United States are established here. Both far-field and near-field guidelines are given. The guidelines were based on an extensive review of the current procedures for specifying ground motion in the United States. Both empirical and theoretical procedures were used in establishing the guidelines because of the low seismicity in the eastern United States. Only a few large- to great-sized earthquakes (M/sub s/ > 7.5) have occurred in this region, no evidence of tectonic surface ruptures related to historic or Holocene earthquakes has been found, and no currently active plate boundaries of any kind are known in this region. Very little instrumented data have been gathered in the East. Theoretical procedures are proposed so that in regions of almost no data, a reasonable level of seismic ground motion activity can be assumed. The guidelines are to be used to develop the safe shutdown earthquake (SSE). A new procedure for establishing the operating basis earthquake (OBE) is proposed, in particular for the eastern United States. The OBE would be developed using a probabilistic assessment of the geological conditions and the recurrence of seismic events at a site. These guidelines should be useful in development of seismic design requirements for future reactors. 17 refs., figs., tabs.

  8. A review of "Borders and Travellers in Early Modern Europe" edited by Thomas Betteridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McJannet, Linda

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    worked from very similar assumptions about the need for hermeneutic stability. Thomas Betteridge, ed. Borders and Travellers in Early Modern Europe. Aldershot:: Ashgate, 2007. vi + 196 pp. $99.95. Review by Li n d a McJa n n e t , Be n t L e y un i v... e r s i t y . As described by editor Thomas Betteridge, Borders and Travellers in Early Modern Europe provides ?a trans-European interdisciplinary inter- rogation of borders and travel in early modern Europe? (12). Of the eleven essays...

  9. Behavioral context of call production by eastern North Pacific blue whales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oleson, Erin M; Calambokidis, J; Burgess, W C; McDonald, M A; LeDuc, C A; Hildebrand, J A

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by eastern North Pacific blue whales Erin M. Oleson 1, *,context of calls produced by blue whales Balaenoptera mus-North Pacific population of blue whales (Thompson 1965,

  10. Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study: Executive Summary and Project Overview (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    EnerNex Corporation; The Midwest ISO; Ventyx

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EWITS was designed to answer questions about technical issues related to a 20% wind energy scenario for electric demand in the Eastern Interconnection.

  11. Neogene flora, vegetation and climate dynamics in southeastern Europe and the northeastern Mediterranean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiménez-Moreno, Gonzalo

    , with a strong augmen- tation in Artemisia, first in the eastern Mediterranean and later on in the western uplift of the Carpathians, Dinarides, Balkan, Rhodope and Taurides moun- tains. Then, important

  12. Texas Eastern tests directional drilling in Little Missouri crossing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Becker, P.J.

    1988-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This article discusses the replacement of Texas Eastern Gas Pipeline Company's 24-inch War Emergency Pipeline (WEP) crossing the Little Missouri River near Prescott, Arkansas. It was the company's first experience with horizontal directionally drilled river crossing and represented a test case for future river-crossing applications. Initially two methods for pipe installation were considered: conventional dredging and horizontal directional drilling. The most economical method of pipe installation proved to be the horizontal directionally drilled method. The article discusses the installation of this river crossing.

  13. Eastern Iowa Light & Power Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrictInformation Ireland)EastEastern Iowa Light

  14. PP-32 Eastern Maine Electric Cooperative Inc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse(Expired) | Department ofINCREASES1 Northern9-1 Sea2 Eastern

  15. PP-32 Eastern Maine Electric Cooperative Inc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in235-1 Termoelectrica U.S LLC PP-235-1PP-32 Eastern Maine Electric

  16. Measuring Welfare Loss Caused by Air Pollution in Europe: A CGE Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paltsev, Sergey

    To evaluate the socio-economic impacts of air pollution, we develop an integrated approach based on computable general equilibrium (CGE). Applying our approach to Europe shows that even there, where air quality is relatively ...

  17. EV-Smart Grid Interoperability Centers in Europe and the United...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EV-Smart Grid Interoperability Centers in Europe and the United States The EV-Smart Grid Interoperability Centers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and...

  18. The Origins of Lactase Persistence in Europe Yuval Itan1,4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    persistence, dairying, other subsistence practices and unlinked genetic markers in Europe and western Asia underwent selection among dairying farmers around 7,500 years ago in a region between the central Balkans

  19. Characterization of the Wind Power Resource in Europe and its Intermittency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cosseron, A.

    Wind power is assessed over Europe, with special attention given to the quantification of intermittency. Using the methodology developed in Gunturu and Schlosser (2011), the MERRA boundary flux data was used to compute ...

  20. The logic of regionalism: a comparative study of regionalism in Europe and Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Mi-Kyung

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    ....................................................................................................... 219 6-8 Tax Revenue, Direct Taxation and Economic Growth in Europe (1975-1997)... 223 6-9 The 1994 EU Referendums in Austria, Finland, Norway and Sweden.................. 224 6-10 Alternative Ordered Probit Regression Analyses...

  1. United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNECE United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Economic Commission for Europe of the United (trade by species). Although in theory these two should correspond, in a number of cases the figure

  2. AIR QUALITY ENSEMBLE FORECAST COUPLING ARPEGE AND CHIMERE OVER WESTERN EUROPE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menut, Laurent

    AIR QUALITY ENSEMBLE FORECAST COUPLING ARPEGE AND CHIMERE OVER WESTERN EUROPE Carvalho of the results encountered on numerical weather prediction ensemble runs has encouraged the air quality modellers' community to test the same methodology to foresee air pollutants concentrations

  3. Diversity of Low Chill Peaches (Prunus persica) from Asia, Brazil, Europe and the USA 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Natalie A.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    One hundred fifty-five peach (Prunus persica) cultivars, from Asia, Brazil, Europe, and the USA, were examined using eleven Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs) to study the genetic relationships among low chill as compared to high chill peach germplasm...

  4. A review of "The Keyboard in Baroque Europe" by Christopher Hogwood, ed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham H. Phipps

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    308 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Christopher Hogwood, ed. The Keyboard in Baroque Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. xviii + 245 pp. $75.00. Review by GRAHAM H. PHIPPS, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH TEXAS. This ?florilegium of essays... these and other bits of documentary evidence, Rasch speculates on stylistic aspects of Froberger?s music and on the dissemination of his works throughout Western Europe during the seventeenth century. Pieter Dirksen devotes his essay to a large manuscript MS L...

  5. Evaluating Berea Sandstone reservoirs in eastern Ashland County, Ohio

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hillebrand, L.B.; Coogan, A.H.

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Berea Sandstone is a principal oil and gas reservoir in eastern Ashland County. It is stratigraphically situated above the red and gray Bedford shales and below the black Sunbury shale member of the Cuyahoga Formation, all of which are Late Devonian or Early Mississippian in age. In the study area, the Berea Sandstone is found at depths between 400 and 800 ft. It outcrops in an arcuate band to the north and west of the county. Geophysical logs indicate the reservoir capacity of the Berea is between 8 and 22%, with an average porosity of 15%. Generally, the Berea is a loosely cemented, gray to buff quartzose sandstone with few accessory minerals. The cement may be calcite, silica, or minor ferruginous materials. The reservoir geometry in eastern Ashland County is peculiar because these sands thin and thicken within relatively short distances. The long-standing explanation for this phenomenon is that these sands were deposited in incised river channels that had downcut through the Bedford shales as a result of isolated uplift in north-central Ohio. Recent subsurface mapping in this area shows that the continuity of these channels may be challenged. Also, well-ticket data indicate that red shale occurs above the Berea sands. This occurrence and the soft-sediment deformation between the Bedford Shale and Berea Sandstone indicate that these units were deposited contemporaneously rather than as two separate events.

  6. Evaluation of the eastern gas shales in Pennsylvania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To evaluate the potential of the Devonian shale as a source of natural gas, the US Department of Energy (DOE) has undertaken the Eastern Gas Shales Project (EGSP). The EGSP is designed not only to identify the resource, but also to test improved methods of inducing permeability to facilitate gas drainage, collection, and production. The ultimate goal of this project is to increase the production of gas from the eastern shales through advanced exploration and exploitation techniques. The purpose of this report is to inform the general public and interested oil and gas operators about EGSP results as they pertain to the Devonian gas shales of the Appalachian basin in Pennsylvania. Geologic data and interpretations are summarized and areas where the accumulation of gas may be large enough to justify commercial production are outlined. Because the data presented in this report are generalized and not suitable for evaluation of specific sites for exploration, the reader should consult the various reports cited for more detail and discussion of the data, concepts, and interpretations presented.

  7. VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF WATER RESOURCES SYSTEMS IN THE EASTERN NILE BASIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF WATER RESOURCES SYSTEMS IN THE EASTERN NILE BASIN TO ENVIRONMENTAL Resources VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF WATER RESOURCES SYSTEMS IN THE EASTERN NILE BASIN TO ENVIRONMENTAL Resources Institute of African Research and Studies, Cairo University For the Degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE

  8. Mycoscience 41: 595--606, 2000 New Leptographium species from Indonesia and Eastern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mycoscience 41: 595--606, 2000 595 New Leptographium species from Indonesia and Eastern North from pine infested with an Ips sp. in Indonesia. In addition, two unknown species have been collected that the isolates from Indonesia and those from Eastern North America represent three previously un described taxa

  9. THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF LABOUR MARKET POLICIES IN WESTERN AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galis, Frietson

    THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF LABOUR MARKET POLICIES IN WESTERN AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES OLAF VAN, which is a key element of the flexicurity model. Building on the political economy literature, we test in the political economy literature, but hardly for Eastern European countries, because of a lack of data. We

  10. International Symposium on Eastern Mediterranean Geology Thessaloniki, Greece, 14-20 April 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    5th International Symposium on Eastern Mediterranean Geology Thessaloniki, Greece, 14-20 April 2004 of Athens, Lofos Nymfon 1, 11810 Athens, Greece, esokos@gein.noa.gr 2 Charles University, Prague, KG MFF UK;5th International Symposium on Eastern Mediterranean Geology Thessaloniki, Greece, 14-20 April 2004

  11. Ciguatera in the Eastern Caribbean DAVID A. OLSEN, DAVID W. NELLIS, and RICHARD S. WOOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciguatera in the Eastern Caribbean DAVID A. OLSEN, DAVID W. NELLIS, and RICHARD S. WOOD a feature of human use of Caribbean marine resources since pre-Columbian times (Price, 1966). Resource use patterns by the Carib and Arawak Indians who inhab- ited the eastern Caribbean would indi- cate that they

  12. Late Pleistocene Environmental Change in Eastern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego A Limnogeological Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    11 Late Pleistocene Environmental Change in Eastern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego, sedimentological and geochemical results from several lacustrine basins in eastern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego of the audacious De Geer's students was Carl Caldenius, who went to Patagonia and ­ as mentioned in several

  13. Biogeography, ecoregions, and geomorphology affect fish species composition in streams of eastern Oklahoma, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marston, Richard A.

    Oklahoma, USA Daniel C. Dauwalter & Dale K. Splinter & William L. Fisher & Richard A. Marston Received: 8 and stream habitat, influenced fish species composition (presence­absence) in eastern Oklahoma, USA relative ecoregions in eastern Oklahoma. Partial canonical correspondence analyses (pCCAs) and variance partitioning

  14. Executive Summary The Eastern Panhandle (Berkeley, Jefferson, and Morgan counties) has been among the fastest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    , the state would have posted net population losses. The labor market in the Eastern Panhandle has been tight from 2006 to 2007, and the region is on pace through the first eight months of the year to post net job slowly at first. For the Eastern Panhandle, this translates into net job losses in 2008 and 2009. Growth

  15. Petrology and Petrography of Ely Limestone in Part of Eastern Great Basin*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    Petrology and Petrography of Ely Limestone in Part of Eastern Great Basin* YAZDAN MOLLAZAL Tehran petrology and petrography in three areas in the eastern Great Basin. Results are as follows: (1) At Moorman ..............................Ely Limestone 7 Carbonate petrology and ......................................petrography 8

  16. Neoproterozoic tectonothermal evolution of the Central Eastern Desert, Egypt: a slow velocity tectonic process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Harald

    Neoproterozoic tectonothermal evolution of the Central Eastern Desert, Egypt: a slow velocity, University of Assiut, Egypt Received 10 January 2001; received in revised form 24 October 2001; accepted 25 in the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt is constraint by 40 Ar/39 Ar ages of hornblende and muscovite from Meatiq

  17. Where is the North ChinaSouth China block boundary in eastern China?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Where is the North China­South China block boundary in eastern China? Michel Faure, Wei Lin of the North China and South China blocks. The eastern extension of the belt (the Sulu area) consists and the lack of ocean-basin rock shows that the boundary between the North China block and South China block

  18. A retrospective study of ecosystem effects of the 1976/77 regime shift in the eastern Pacific warm pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vilchis, L. Ignacio

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    T.P. , 2001. On the Pacific Ocean regime shift. Geophysicaltuna in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Inter-Amer. Trop. Tunatuna in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Inter-Amer. Trop. Tuna

  19. A Comparison of the Effects of Petroleum Substances on the Settlement of the Eastern Oyster, Crassostrea virginica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsept, Karen Sue

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In Galveston Bay, Texas, the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, is found throughout the bay both intertidal along mudflats and subtidal where their self-built reefs extend vertically deeper. The eastern oyster is an important ecological...

  20. A Review of the Systematics of Angel Sharks Emphasizing the Species of the Eastern Pacific Region with a Modified Set of Morphometrics for Order Squatiniformes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alioto, Dominic

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    occurring in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Ayers compared hisoccurring in the eastern Pacific Ocean. It remains possibleof the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Squatiniformes are very

  1. Development of Eastern Regional Wind Resource and Wind Plant Output Datasets: March 3, 2008 -- March 31, 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brower, M.

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project was to provide wind resource inputs to the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study.

  2. Fault Process and Broadband Ground-Motion Simulations of the 23 October 2011 Van (Eastern Turkey) Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Fault Process and Broadband Ground-Motion Simulations of the 23 October 2011 Van (Eastern Turkey Abstract On 23 October 2011 an Mw 7.1 earthquake occurred in eastern Turkey, close to the towns of Van.1 Van earthquake occurred on 23 October 2011 in eastern Turkey, close to the towns of Van and Erci

  3. The Relative Abundance of the Juvenile Phase of the Eastern Red-Spotted Newt at Harvard Forest Prior to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    a great percentage of Eastern Hemlock's range via a number of dispersal agents including wind, birds, deer cause mortality in all age classes of Eastern Hemlock within 4­10 years of infestation (McClure 1991). In central Massachusetts, cold winter temperatures have slowed mortality of Eastern Hemlock in infested

  4. A Review of "Artistic and Cultural Exchanges Between Europe and Asia 1400-1900" by Michael North

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Nagendra

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reviews 41 Michael North. Artistic and Cultural Exchanges Between Europe and Asia 1400-1900. Surrey, England: Ashgate, 2010. xv+197 pp. + 35 illus. $114.95. Review by nagendra rao, goa university. Cultural interactions between Europe and Asia... fashion industry (3). The English artisans assimilated In- dian culture by modifying cotton textile designs, which were exported to India. The Chinese and Japanese porcelain had become popular in Europe. At the same time, Japan and China imitated...

  5. Tennessee Valley and Eastern Kentucky Wind Working Group

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katie Stokes

    2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In December 2009, the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy (SACE), through a partnership with the Appalachian Regional Commission, EKPC, Kentucky's Department for Energy Development and Independence, SACE, Tennessee's Department of Environment and Conservation, and TVA, and through a contract with the Department of Energy, established the Tennessee Valley and Eastern Kentucky Wind Working Group (TVEKWWG). TVEKWWG consists of a strong network of people and organizations. Working together, they provide information to various organizations and stakeholders regarding the responsible development of wind power in the state. Members include representatives from utility interests, state and federal agencies, economic development organizations, non-government organizations, local decision makers, educational institutions, and wind industry representatives. The working group is facilitated by the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy. TVEKWWG supports the Department of Energy by helping educate and inform key stakeholders about wind energy in the state of Tennessee.

  6. Eastern Seaboard Electric Grid Fragility Maps Supporting Persistent Availability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, Kimberly A [ORNL; Weigand, Gilbert G [ORNL; Fernandez, Steven J [ORNL

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Persistently available power transmission can be disrupted by weather causing power outages with economic and social consequences. This research investigated the effects on the national power grid from a specific weather event, Hurricane Irene, that caused approximately 5.7 million customer power outages along the Eastern Seaboard in August of 2011. The objective was to describe the geographic differences in the grid s vulnerability to these events. Individual factors, such as wind speed or precipitation, were correlated with the number of outages to determine the greatest mechanism of power failure in hopes of strengthening the future power grid. The resulting fragility maps not only depicted 18 counties that were less robust than the design-standard robustness model and three counties that were more robust, but also drew new damage contours with correlated wind speeds and county features.

  7. Microbial desulfurization of Eastern oil shale: Bioreactor studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maka, A.; Akin, C.; Punwani, D.V.; Lau, F.S.; Srivastava, V.J.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The removal of sulfur from Eastern oil shale (40 microns particle size) slurries in bioreactors by mixed microbial cultures was examined. A mixed culture that is able to remove the organic sulfur from model sulfur compounds presenting coal as well as a mixed culture isolated from oil shale enrichments were evaluated. The cultures were grown in aerobic fed-batch bioreactors where the oil shale served as the source of all nutrients except organic carbon. Glucose was added as an auxiliary carbon source. Microbial growth was monitored by plate counts, the pH was checked periodically, and oil shale samples were analyzed for sulfur content. Results show a 24% reduction in the sulfur content of the oil shale after 14 days. The settling characteristics of the oil shale in the bioreactors were examined in the presence of the microbes. Also, the mixing characteristics of the oil shale in the bioreactors were examined. 10 refs., 6 figs., 5 tabs.

  8. Eastern Overthrust Belt. Signs of a hoped-for awakening

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartlett, C.S. Jr.; Biggs, T.H.

    1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploration for oil and gas is on the upswing in the SW Virginia sector of the Eastern Overthrust Belt in the 200-mile long portion between Lee and Montgomery Counties. In the past several months one new oil field has been opened and the area's only gas field has been revived after lying idle for 23 yr. These signs of a hoped-for awakening have been accompanied by an intense leasing program by many oil companies. This review is confined to the geology of the strongly folded and faulted area of SW Virginia. In the Overthrust area, early studies indicated that oil would be found only in portions of Lee and Scott Counties, and that other areas would contain only natural gas because of the greater intensity of regional metamorphism. Drilling so far has confirmed these forecasts. This study will be divided in a similar manner.

  9. Regional geology of eastern Idaho and western Wyoming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Link, P.K.; Kuntz, M.A.; Platt, L.B. (eds.)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first section, Regional Synthesis, consists of a single 53-page chapter entitled The track of the Yellowstone hot spot: Volcanism faulting, and uplift.'' The authors' approach is to interpret major features or regional geology as resulting in large part from the last 16 Ma of southwesterly migration by the North American plate over a stationary thermal plume in the mantle. Evidence that may relate to the Yellowstone hot spot model is presented under headings dealing with volcanic track of the hot spot, neotectonic faulting associated with the hot spot, and regional topographic anomalies which may have resulted from hot spot-induced uplift or subsidence. The second section of the book deals with the Idaho-Wyoming thrust belt. Each chapter is a separate article by different authors, so coverage is of selected topics in the Idaho-Wyoming thrust belt rather than a comprehensive overview. Extensional tectonics is the topic of the book's third section. Field investigations of two major structures, the Grand Valley fault and the Teton normal fault, are presented in chapters eight and nine, respectively. Chapter ten focuses on surficial gravity slide sheets that are well-exposed in the area, with particular emphasis on their structural features and mechanisms of emplacement. The final 90 pages of the book make up a four-chapter section that deals with the eastern Snake River plain (ESRP). Topical coverage is quite varied, ranging from details of Quaternary stratigraphy at one site to an overview of the eastern Snake River plain basaltic volcanism and an investigation of ignimbrites of the Heise volcanic field.

  10. Pressurized fluidized-bed hydroretorting of Eastern oil shales

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, M.J.; Mensinger, M.C.; Rue, D.M.; Lau, F.S. (Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)); Schultz, C.W. (Alabama Univ., University, AL (United States)); Parekh, B.K. (Kentucky Univ., Lexington, KY (United States)); Misra, M. (Nevada Univ., Reno, NV (United States)); Bonner, W.P. (Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States))

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Devonian oil shales of the Eastern United States are a significant domestic energy resource. The overall objective of the multi-year program, initiated in October 1987 by the US Department of Energy is to perform the research necessary to develop the Pressurized Fluidized-Bed Hydroretorting (PFH) process for producing oil from Eastern oil shales. The program also incorporates research on technologies in areas such as raw shale preparation, beneficiation, product separation, and waste disposal that have the potential of improving the economics and/or environmental acceptability of recovering oil from oil shales using the PFH process. The results of the original 3-year program, which was concluded in May 1991, have been summarized in a four-volume final report published by IGT. DOE subsequently approved a 1-year extension to the program to further develop the PFH process specifically for application to beneficiated shale as feedstock. Studies have shown that beneficiated shale is the preferred feedstock for pressurized hydroretorting. The program extension is divided into the following active tasks. Task 3. testing of process improvement concepts; Task 4. beneficiation research; Task 5. operation of PFH on beneficiated shale; Task 6. environmental data and mitigation analyses; Task 7. sample procurement, preparation, and characterization; and Task 8. project management and reporting. In order to accomplish all the program objectives, the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT), the prime contractor, worked with four other institutions: the University of Alabama/Mineral Resources Institute (MRI), the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research (UK-CAER), the University of Nevada (UN) at Reno, and Tennessee Technological University (TTU). This report presents the work performed during the program extension from June 1, 1991 through May 31, 1992.

  11. Monthly mean pressure reconstructions for Europe (back to 1780) and North America (to 1958)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, P.D.; Wigley, T.M.L.; Briffa, K.R.

    1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly grid-point pressure data are reconstructed from station records of air temperature, precipitation and pressure for Europe, back to 1780, and North America, back to 1858. The reconstructions are based on a principal components regression technique which relates surface pressure patterns to those of the temperature, precipitation and station pressure data. The relationships are derived over a calibration period and the results are tested with independent data from another period. To illustrate the results examples are given of pressure anomalies over Europe during 1816 (the ''year without a summer''), anomalies over both Europe and North America for January and November 1862 (months with particularly strong anomalies), and anomalies over North America during 1884 (the year after Krakatau). The reconstructions are compared with other monthly mean pressure maps produced by Lamb and Johnson (1966) for Europe for 1780 to 1872 and for North America for 1858 to 1898, and by Kington (1980) for Europe for 1781 to 1785. Both of these map series show systematic biases relative to the present reconstructions. The reconstructed data are available on a magnetic tape.

  12. Fact #839: September 22, 2014 World Petroleum Consumption Continues to Rise despite Declines from the United States and Europe- Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #839: World Petroleum Consumption Continues to Rise despite Declines from the United States and Europe

  13. Re: Affordable Textbooks, Fall Semester Update In a message dated 10/28/2010 10:28:50 A.M. Eastern Daylight Time, nicole@studentpirgs.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garfunkel, Eric

    .M. Eastern Daylight Time, nicole@studentpirgs.org writes: Hi everyone, There have been some exciting

  14. Plus c`est la meme chose: The future of nuclear weapons in Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maaranen, S.A.

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the end of the Cold War, the United States perhaps more than any other nuclear weapon state has deeply questioned the future role of nuclear weapons, both in a strategic sense and in Europe. It is probably the United States that has raised the most questions about the continuing need for and efficacy of nuclear weapons, and has expressed the greatest concerns about the negative consequences of continuing nuclear weapons deployment. In the US, this period of questioning has now come to a pause, if not a conclusion. In late 1994 the United States decided to continue to pursue reductions in numbers of nuclear weapons as well as other changes designed to reduce the dangers associated with the possession of nuclear weapons. But at the same time the US concluded that some number of nuclear forces would continue to be needed for national security for the foreseeable future. These necessary nuclear forces include a continuing but greatly reduced stockpile of nuclear bombs deployed in Europe under NATO`s New Strategic Concept. If further changes to the US position on nuclear weapons in Europe are to occur, it is likely to be after many years, and only in the context of dramatic additional improvements in the political and geo-political climate in and around Europe. The future role of nuclear weapons in Europe, as discussed in this report, depends in part on past and future decisions by the United States. but it must also be noted that other states that deploy nuclear weapons in Europe--Britain, France, and Russia, as well as the NATO alliance--have shown little inclination to discontinue their deployment of such weapons, whatever the United States might choose to do in the future.

  15. A Review of "Europe Through Arab Eyes, 1578-1727" by Nabil Matar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Ariss, Tarek

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an untold story about Christian-Muslim relations in the early modern period. Often suppressed or ignored by historians, this period comes to life in Matar?s text as a dynamic stage of cultural and political exchanges between Europe and the Muslim world...?cials going back and forth between Europe and the Maghreb, Matar pro- vides in the ?rst part of his book a historical contextualization and analysis of Christian-Muslim relations in the early modern period. The book?s second part consists of letters...

  16. EuropE and thE World:thE Eu`s ExtErnal policiEs organised within the framework of the ,,European Parliament to Campus" Programme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanz, Volker

    Parliament to Campus" Programme University of Siegen, 8th and 9th December 2011 Coordinator: Prof. Dr EUROPEEN Thursday, 8th December Friday, 9th December #12;EuropE and thE World:thE Eu`s ExtErnal policiEs organised within the framework of the ,,European

  17. Precambrian Research xxx (2006) xxxxxx Anorthosites in the Eastern Granulites of Tanzania--New SIMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Harald

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Precambrian Research xxx (2006) xxx­xxx Anorthosites in the Eastern Granulites of Tanzania Research xxx (2006) xxx­xxx Table 1 Overview of age data from recent literature for East African and some

  18. Building skills : a construction trades training facility for the eastern Canadian Arctic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roszler, Sarah Katherine, 1977-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On April 1, 1999, the Inuit of the Eastern Canadian Arctic achieved sovereignty over a new territory, Nunavut, envisioning economic self-reliance, political self-determination, and renewal of confidence in Inuit community. ...

  19. Population dynamics of eastern wild turkeys relocated into the post oak savannah of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Roel Roberto

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Objectives of this study were to provide information on the status of eastern wild turkeys (meleagris gallopavo silvestris) relocated into the Post Oak Savannah of Texas. Specifically, I evaluated and discussed (1) survival and reproduction, (2...

  20. An evaluation of efforts to reestablish eastern wild turkeys into the Post Oak Savannah of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petty, Blake Douglas

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall objective of this study was to summarize the cumulative results of 5 studies focusing on efforts to reestablish eastern wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo silvestris) into the Post Oak Savannah of Texas and to evaluate the effectiveness...

  1. Kinematically consistent, elastic block model for the eastern Mediterranean constrained by GPS measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Shawn A. (Shawn Adam), 1975-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I use a Global Positioning System (GPS) velocity field to constrain block models of the eastern Mediterranean and surrounding regions that account for the angular velocities of constituent blocks and elastic strain ...

  2. Deformation, erosion and sedimentation in collisional orogens : case studies from eastern Tibet and southwestern China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Studnicki-Gizbert, Christopher Terrance

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation addresses aspects of the tectonics of regions adjacent to the eastern Himalayan syntaxis. The first chapter describes the Tertiary Gonjo basin, includes structural and sedimentologic observations, and ...

  3. INTEGRITY OF SCHOOLS OF SKIPJACK TUNA, KATSUWONUS PELAMIS, IN THE EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTEGRITY OF SCHOOLS OF SKIPJACK TUNA, KATSUWONUS PELAMIS, IN THE EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN Pacific yellowfin [(Thunnus albacares)] and the Pac.ific-wide skipjack [(KatS'Uwonus pelamis

  4. Tectono-metamorphic evolution of the Wadi Hafafit Culmination (central Eastern Desert, Egypt). Implication for Neoproterozoic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siebel, Wolfgang

    Tectono-metamorphic evolution of the Wadi Hafafit Culmination (central Eastern Desert, Egypt.O. 530 El-Maadi, Cairo, Egypt Institut für Geowissenschaften, Universität Tübingen Sigwartstr. 10, D

  5. Sites with Holocene dung deposits in the Eastern Desert of Egypt: Visited by herders?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marinova, Elena

    Sites with Holocene dung deposits in the Eastern Desert of Egypt: Visited by herders? V. Linseele a by the Belgian Middle Egypt Prehistoric Project of Leuven University under the direction of P.M. Vermeersch

  6. The potential for commercial use of wildlife in some North-Eastern Tuli Block farms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nchunga, Mushanana Lawrence

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE POTENTIAL FOR COMMERCIAL USE OF WILDLIFE IN SOME NORTH ? EASTERN TULI BLOCK FARMS A Thesis by Mushanana Lawrence Nchunga Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1978 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences THE POTENTIAL FOR COMMERCIAL USE OF WILDLIFE IN SOME NORTH-EASTERN TULI BLOCK FARMS A Thesis Mushanana Lawrence Nchunga A proved as to style and content by: ) (Chairman...

  7. Paleoceanographic interpretations of the Pleistocene sediments from the Eastern Equatorial Pacific-ODP Hole 677B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Yee-Hwa

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (CONTINUED) Page 91 91 VITA 95 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page Location of ODP Site 677 in the Panama Basin, south ol the Costa Rica Rift, Bathymetry of the Panama Basin and adjacent equatorial Pacific. 10 Major components of the surface circulation... in the eastern equalorial Pacific. 13 Distribution of the main surface water masses in the eastern Pacific Ocean. 14 5. Bottom water circulation in the Panama Basin. 6. Standard curve for calcium carbonate analysis. 16 22 Nannofossil biostratigraphy...

  8. The potential for commercial use of wildlife in some North-Eastern Tuli Block farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nchunga, Mushanana Lawrence

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE POTENTIAL FOR COMMERCIAL USE OF WILDLIFE IN SOME NORTH ? EASTERN TULI BLOCK FARMS A Thesis by Mushanana Lawrence Nchunga Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1978 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences THE POTENTIAL FOR COMMERCIAL USE OF WILDLIFE IN SOME NORTH-EASTERN TULI BLOCK FARMS A Thesis Mushanana Lawrence Nchunga A proved as to style and content by: ) (Chairman...

  9. Sub-surface dissolution of evaporites in the Eastern Mediterranean sea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camerlenghi, Angelo Alessandro

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SUB-SURFACE DISSOLUTION OF EVAPORITES IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN SEA A Thesis by ANGELO ALESSANDRO CAMERLENGHI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1988 Major Subject: Oceanography SUB-SURFACE DISSOLUTION OF EVAPORITES IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN SEA A Thesis by ANGELO ALESSANDRO CAMERLENGHI Approved as to style and content by: Pl&DWa~rg~~~ William R. Bryair...

  10. Trade Liberalization in South East Europe: Review of conformity of 23 FTAs with the MoU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Trade Liberalization in South East Europe: Review of conformity of 23 FTAs with the MoU Patrick A1 of South East Europe (SEE) agreed to conclude bilateral Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) in order to develop their mutual trade and promote economic integration in the region. This approach implied

  11. Germany lies in the heart of Europe where more people speak German as their native language than any other

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Germany lies in the heart of Europe where more people speak German as their native language than any other language in Europe. Germany has a population of about 83 million and is the most populous- wide? As a nation, Germany has one of the top ten econo- mies in the world. It is the home

  12. The future of financial markets and regulation: What Strategy for Europe? The Future of Financial Markets and Regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    The future of financial markets and regulation: What Strategy for Europe? 1 The Future of Financial Markets and Regulation: What Strategy for Europe? Jean-Baptiste Gossé1 Dominique Plihon2 Abstract This article provides insight into the future of financial markets and regulation in order to define what would

  13. The prehistoric and preindustrial deforestation of Europe Jed O. Kaplan a,b,*, Kristen M. Krumhardt a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmermann, Niklaus E.

    The prehistoric and preindustrial deforestation of Europe Jed O. Kaplan a,b,*, Kristen M. Krumhardt deforestation at numerous individual sites, to study the effect that prehistoric and preindustrial deforestation of anthropogenic deforestation in Europe over the past three millennia by 1) digi- tizing and synthesizing

  14. Presentation 2.9: Economic and environmental implications of woodfuel production and competition with other uses: Europe as an example

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with other uses: Europe as an example Bernard de Galembert. Forest Director Confederation of European Paper Industries - CEPI E-mail: b.degalembert@cepi.org Abstract The ambitious and proactive policy of Europe of energy production from biomass. These impacts can be both positive and negative. On the "plus" side

  15. Tennessee gas field brings Eastern Overthrust new life

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petzet, G.A.

    1996-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Eastern US Overthrust Belt has gained an E and P company in its southern reaches while seeing de-emphasis from a long time player in more northerly areas. A gas field discovered in the early 1980s in northeastern Tennessee is nearly ready to be placed on production. It would be the first commercial gas production in the southern portion of the belt, which extends more than 1,000 miles from Alabama to New England. Tengasco has five wells capable of producing gas from Cambro-Ordovician Knox in Swan Creek field, southwest of Sneedville in Hancock County, Tenn., about 10 miles south of Lee County, Va. It hopes to drill five more wells by year-end. It began laying a 30--35 MMcfd, 23 mile, 6 in. gas pipeline to Rogersville, Tenn., early last month. Torch Inc., Belle Chasse, La., has the contract. Tengasco plans to start production later this year. Initially a gas utility in neighboring Hawkins County will take 8--9 MMcfd and transport any excess gas to Tenneco Energy affiliate East Tennessee Natural Gas Co. The primary production to date in Swan Creek field has been in a 300 ft section some 400--450 ft from the top of Knox. No water has been found.

  16. Basement rift control on oil production in eastern Kansas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustavson, J.B.

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Improved understanding of the central North American rift system (CNARS) offers a new interpretation of the basement structure in certain parts of the Mid-Continent. In eastern Kansas, basement structure can be shown to control oil production from some producing fields. Structural control includes rotated blocks along faults created by horst and graben tectonics typically associated with rift zones. A distinctive gravity signature, the Mid-Continent geophysical anomaly (MGA) is related directly to the CNARS and provides good data for interpretation of the basement structure. Some oil fields can be correlated directly with gravity-interpreted basement structure. Aeromagnetic and Landsat information, combined with the gravity data, further define exploration targets along the general trend of basement features. Migration of thermally matured hydrocarbons into pre-Pennsylvanian, rift generated traps in the ancestral north Kansas basin is postulated. The Nemaha ridge subsequently divided that basin into two smaller basins, the present Salina and Forest City basins. Several exploration targets could exist in this area, with the Arbuckle, Simpson, and Viola units being primary targets. The source of hydrocarbons also may lie in the deep but distant Anadorko basin. An additional totally untested hydrocarbons potential exists in the deep Precambrian/Cambrian sedimentary subbasins created along the flanks of the CNARS. Recent data points to sedimentary columns with depths of approximately 15,000 ft (4500 m) which might be hosts to gas reserves similar to the Rome trough potential of the Appalachian region.

  17. Eastern Gas Shales Project outgassing analysis. Special report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Streib, D.L.

    1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two methods are used on the Eastern Gas Shales Project to measure the gas volume of encapsulated shale samples. The direct method measures pressure and volume and is initiated almost immediately upon encapsulation of the sample. A second method measures pressure, volume, and composition, and is initiated after pressure is allowed to build up over several weeks. A combination of the two methods has been used on selected samples, and yields more data as it allows extrapolation to account for gas lost prior to encapsulation. The stratigraphic horizons, characterized by dark shales with high organic and high carbon content and a relatively high gamma ray intensity of 200+ API units also have high gas contents (relative to other units within the same well). The Lower Huron, Rhinestreet, and Marcellus Shales are high in gas content relative to other stratigraphic units at the same sites. The difference in gas content of the same stratigraphic horizon between well sites appears to be controlled by the thermal maturity. Kinetic studies have shown that, in some samples, significant amounts of gas are released after the time when the gas volume would be initially measured. Additional work needs to be performed to determine why the rates and volume of gas released vary between samples.

  18. Exploration in Jurassic of North Mafla, eastern Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kemmer, D.A.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploration in North Mafla focuses on general categories of prospects, potential reservoirs and their associated facies, and seismic modeling of available well control. Jurassic prospects in North Mafla can be classified into four general categories: (1) basement-related structures: (2) closures associated with the Pensacola-Destin peripheral fault trend, (3) salt anticlines, and (4) prospects associated with the interregional structural highs. Each of these categories can be related to documented, predictable, and repeated patterns of hydrocarbon accumulations in east Texas, north Louisiana, Mississippian, Alabama, and Florida. The primary objectives in North Mafla are the Jurassic Smackover carbonates and Norphlet sands at depths ranging rom 15,000 to 25,000 ft. Major gas accumulations in the Norphlet around Mobile Bay are separated from thicker sequences of Norphlet sands in the De Soto Salt basin by the offshore extension of the Pensacola arch. Seismic geometries suggest that Smackover high-energy carbonates may have been deposited on the crest of some of these thick Norphlet sands. Seismic modeling indicates that a high-amplitude, laterally continuous event associated with a Norphlet-Louann Salt contact is dependent on the presence of Pine Hill anhydrite member of the Louann Salt. In addition, seismic reflection geometries indicate that the Norphlet sandstone thickens from +/- 300 ft on the eastern flank of the Destin Dome to nearly 1000 ft nearby. Although drilling in the lightly explored Norch Mafla area has yielded few substantive results to date, the elements necessary for significant hydrocarbon accumulations are known to exist.

  19. LES BALKANS ET L'EUROPE : PROGRES ET MALENTENDUS Jacques Rupnik*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    LES BALKANS ET L'EUROPE : PROGRES ET MALENTENDUS Jacques Rupnik* Il y a deux façons de présenter l'état des relations entre l'UE et les pays des Balkans engagés dans le processus d'intégration européenne la Croatie en haut de la liste, le pays des Balkans occidentaux le plus avancé et dont l'adhésion est

  20. Rapid uplift of nonmethane hydrocarbons in a cold front over central Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoskins, Brian

    Rapid uplift of nonmethane hydrocarbons in a cold front over central Europe R. M. Purvis,1 A. C of 21 C2­C7 nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) has been determined in planetary boundary layer (PBL between the PBL and FT was observed for all short and medium lifetime hydrocarbons (e.g., average iso

  1. Predicting the net carbon exchanges of crop rotations in Europe with an agro-ecosystem model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Predicting the net carbon exchanges of crop rotations in Europe with an agro-ecosystem model S.Lehuger@art.admin.ch. Fax: (+41) 44 377 72 01. Phone: (+41) 44 377 75 13. hal-00414342,version2-1Sep2010 #12;Abstract Carbon and measuring land-atmosphere carbon exchanges from arable lands are important tasks to predict the influence

  2. The event is free and open to the public "Germany in Europe" Campus Weeks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Missouri-Columbia, University of

    The event is free and open to the public "Germany in Europe" Campus Weeks German Embassy and German Educator Seattle, WA and Cologne, Germany Marcel Machill Professor of Journalism and International Media Systems University of Leipzig, Germany Randy Smith, Co-director, MU Center for the Digital Globe Donald W

  3. HEAT ROADMAP EUROPE 2050 SECOND PRE-STUDY FOR THE EU27

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolaei, Alireza Rezania

    HEAT ROADMAP EUROPE 2050 SECOND PRE-STUDY FOR THE EU27 By Aalborg University David Connolly Brian in various reports and studies, i.e. in the Energy Efficiency of the Energy Roadmap 2050 published) of the Energy Roadmap are over-ambitious as regards the reduction of final heat demands in buildings (72

  4. Brussels, 07.10.2003 Position paper: Europe should lead the fight against global warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Europe's reliance on fossil fuels and, even sooner, its dependence on nuclear power. The necessary energy emissions reduction in 2020 as critical steps towards a complete withdrawal from fossil fuel in 2050 and social costs, in particular by the realisation of road pricing, connected with the possibility of cross-subsidies

  5. Smart System Integration in FP7 Challenges and Options for Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meju, Max

    Smart System Integration in FP7 ­ Challenges and Options for Europe NEXUSplusNEXUSplus Annual and Nanosystems European Commission, Brussels #12;Presentation outline · Smart Systems Integration: Activities Work Programme 2007-08 · Outlook #12;Smart Systems Integration: Thematic areas covered (FP6) · Micro

  6. An Infrastructure Project for Climate Research in Europe OASIS3 User Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRISM An Infrastructure Project for Climate Research in Europe OASIS3 User Guide prism 2-5 Edited Acknowledgements 1 2 Introduction 3 2.1 Step-by-step use of OASIS3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3 The OASIS3 sources 4 4 Interfacing a model with the PSMILe library 5 4.1 Initialisation

  7. A Software Infrastructure Project for Climate Research in Europe OASIS4 User Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PRISM A Software Infrastructure Project for Climate Research in Europe OASIS4 User Guide (OASIS4 by sending an electronic mail to oasis4_help(at)lists.enes.org and as listed in Contact below. PRISM;Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 OASIS4 sources 3 2.1 Copyright Notice

  8. An Infrastructure Project for Climate Research in Europe OASIS3 User Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmittner, Andreas

    PRISM An Infrastructure Project for Climate Research in Europe OASIS3 User Guide prism 2-5 Edited 3 2.1 Step-by-step use of OASIS3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3 The OASIS3 sources 4 4 Interfacing a model with the PSMILe library 5 4.1 Initialisation

  9. Please consider the environment before printing Europe bars illegal timber from markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .U. markets. The legislation, which passed 644-25, will require all companies selling timber products in the EPlease consider the environment before printing Europe bars illegal timber from markets mongabay.com July 07, 2010 The European Parliament today voted overwhelming to bar illegally logged timber from E

  10. Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe are characterized by low beta diversity, both in tropical and in temperate areas. Location Lowland forests tracking. The community data were analysed for alpha and beta diversity. Results Local (alpha) diversity

  11. Brussels, 13 May 2003 Europe moves into position to host ITER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    energy demonstration project. The communication from the Commission1 addresses the question of the choice of a site in Europe (Cadarache in France or Vandellòs in Spain) and the situation now that China and the USA the political, financial and administrative guarantees that the site and its surroundings can be prepared within

  12. Europe's Constitutional Challenges in the Light of the Recent Case Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Güting, Ralf Hartmut

    Edited by Prof. Dr. José Maria Beneyto and Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Ingolf Pernice revision: Lars S. OttoEurope's Constitutional Challenges in the Light of the Recent Case Law of National Constitutional Courts José MarÍa Beneyto / Ingolf Pernice (eds) Lisbon and Beyond European Constitutional Law Network

  13. Tracing the HIV-1 subtype B mobility in Europe: a phylogeographic approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leitner, Thomas [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Paraskevis, D [KATHOLIEKE UNIV; Pybus, O [UNIV OF OXFORD; Magiorkinis, G [KATHOLIEKE UNIV; Hatzakis, A [KATHOLIEKE UNIV

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The prevalence and the origin of HIV-1 subtype B, the most prevalent circulating clade among the long-term residents in Europe, have been studied extensively. However the spatial diffusion of the epidemic from the perspective of the virus has not previously been traced. In the current study we inferred the migration history of HIV-1 subtype B by way of a phylogeography of viral sequences sampled from 16 European countries and Israel. Migration events were inferred from viral phylogenies by character reconstruction using parsimony. With regard to the spatial dispersal of the HIV subtype B sequences across viral phylogenies, in most of the countries in Europe the epidemic was introduced by multiple sources and subsequently spread within local networks. Poland provides an exception where most of the infections were the result of a single point introduction. According to the significant migratory pathways, we show that there are considerable differences across Europe. Specifically, Greece, Portugal, Serbia and Spain, provide sources shedding HIV-1; Austria, Belgium and Luxembourg, on the other hand, are migratory targets, while for Denmark, Germany, Italy, Israel, Norway, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK we inferred significant bidirectional migration. For Poland no significant migratory pathways were inferred. Subtype B phylogeographies provide a new insight about the geographical distribution of viral lineages, as well as the significant pathways of virus dispersal across Europe, suggesting that intervention strategies should also address tourists, travellers and migrants.

  14. Development of agro-environmental scenarios to support pesticide risk assessment in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, Hayley

    Development of agro-environmental scenarios to support pesticide risk assessment in Europe T reserved. Keywords: Pesticides Risk assessment Agro-environmental scenarios FOOTPRINT Agricultural Kingdom b Pesticide Environmental Fate, 58, St. Annes Rd., London Colney, St. Albans AL2 1LJ, United

  15. Hydraulic adjustment of Scots pine across Europe J. Martnez-Vilalta1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mencuccini, Maurizio

    Research Hydraulic adjustment of Scots pine across Europe J. Martínez-Vilalta1,2 , H. Cochard3), 8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland Summary · The variability of branch-level hydraulic properties, xylem anatomy, sapwood- and leaf-specific hydraulic conductivity (KS and KL), vulnerability to embolism

  16. CROP SCIENCE, VOL. 49, JULYAUGUST 2009 1523 Agricultural production in the United States and Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sims, Gerald K.

    and Europe has changed dramatically in the last 60 yr. One significant change has been replacement of manyKenzie et al., 1999; Tracy and Zhang, 2008). Weed Biomass and Species Composition as Affected was to evaluate how an integrated crop­livestock system would influence weed biomass and weed species composition

  17. The Sorcerer's Apprentices I have travelled extensively in Europe teaching engineers for the last 10 years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatton, Les

    The Sorcerer's Apprentices I have travelled extensively in Europe teaching engineers for the last. At the same time, the notion of having apprentices to such engineers also makes real sense in IT. Because necessary in rapidly evolving subjects. IT is one of them. Sometimes, the apprentices surpass their masters

  18. ClimateChangeCorp.com | Policy Illegal timber: Europe's doors still wide open

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ClimateChangeCorp.com | Policy Illegal timber: Europe's doors still wide open 7 Aug 2008 | Author: Rikki Stancich The EU is a massive importer of illegally logged wood. Is there the political will to move beyond a voluntary approach and adopt tough legal measures? The illegal timber trade is thriving

  19. Project EARTH-13-TM1: Understanding CO2 emissions from Europe's restless caldera-forming volcanoes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Gideon

    Project EARTH-13-TM1: Understanding CO2 emissions from Europe's restless caldera-forming volcanoes the information contained in volcano CO2 emissions is important from both a volcanic hazards perspective into this program. The opportunity will also be taken to map out CO2 emissions at these systems and to review what

  20. Risk Analysis of Phytophthora ramorum, a Newly Recognised Pathogen Threat to Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risk Analysis of Phytophthora ramorum, a Newly Recognised Pathogen Threat to Europe and the Cause; 23rd January 2009) Deliverable Report D28 Report on the risk of entry, establishment, spread OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES LIST OF PARTICIPANTS AND CONTRIBUTORS 3 5 6 SUMMARY: PEST RISK ANALYSIS

  1. Geologic Controls of Hydrocarbon Occurrence in the Appalachian Basin in Eastern Tennessee, Southwestern Virginia, Eastern Kentucky, and Southern West Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hatcher, Robert D

    2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the accomplishments of a three-year program to investigate the geologic controls of hydrocarbon occurrence in the southern Appalachian basin in eastern Tennessee, southwestern Virginia, eastern Kentucky, and southern West Virginia. The project: (1) employed the petroleum system approach to understand the geologic controls of hydrocarbons; (2) attempted to characterize the P-T parameters driving petroleum evolution; (3) attempted to obtain more quantitative definitions of reservoir architecture and identify new traps; (4) is worked with USGS and industry partners to develop new play concepts and geophysical log standards for subsurface correlation; and (5) geochemically characterized the hydrocarbons (cooperatively with USGS). Third-year results include: All project milestones have been met and addressed. We also have disseminated this research and related information through presentations at professional meetings, convening a major workshop in August 2003, and the publication of results. Our work in geophysical log correlation in the Middle Ordovician units is bearing fruit in recognition that the criteria developed locally in Tennessee and southern Kentucky are more extendible than anticipated earlier. We have identified a major 60 mi-long structure in the western part of the Valley and Ridge thrust belt that has been successfully tested by a local independent and is now producing commercial amounts of hydrocarbons. If this structure is productive along strike, it will be one of the largest producing structures in the Appalachians. We are completing a more quantitative structural reconstruction of the Valley and Ridge and Cumberland Plateau than has been made before. This should yield major dividends in future exploration in the southern Appalachian basin. Our work in mapping, retrodeformation, and modeling of the Sevier basin is a major component of the understanding of the Ordovician petroleum system in this region. Prior to our undertaking this project, this system was the least understood in the Appalachian basin. This project, in contrast to many if not most programs undertaken in DOE laboratories, has a major educational component wherein three Ph.D. students have been partially supported by this grant, one M.S. student partially supported, and another M.S. student fully supported by the project. These students will be well prepared for professional careers in the oil and gas industry.

  2. The University of Alicante presents LOGIC, a European project aimed at promoting youth employment in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    education in partner countries of Eastern Europe, Central Asia, the Western Balkans and the Mediterranean

  3. High-sulfur coals in the eastern Kentucky coal field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hower, J.C.; Graham, U.M. (Univ. of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research, Lexington, KY (United States)); Eble, C.F. (Kentucky Geological Survey, Lexington, KY (United States))

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Eastern Kentucky coal field is notable for relatively low-sulfur, [open quotes]compliance[close quotes] coals. Virtually all of the major coals in this area do have regions in which higher sulfur lithotypes are common, if not dominant, within the lithologic profile. Three Middle Pennsylvanian coals, each representing a major resource, exemplify this. The Clintwood coal bed is the stratigraphically lowest coal bed mined throughout the coal field. In Whitley County, the sulfur content increase from 0.6% at the base to nearly 12% in the top lithotype. Pyrite in the high-sulfur lithotype is a complex mixture of sub- to few-micron syngenetic forms and massive epigenetic growths. The stratigraphically higher Pond Creek coal bed is extensively mined in portions of the coal field. Although generally low in sulfur, in northern Pike and southern Martin counties the top one-third can have up to 6% sulfur. Uniformly low-sulfur profiles can occur within a few hundred meters of high-sulfur coal. Pyrite occurs as 10-50 [mu]m euhedra and coarser massive forms. In this case, sulfur distribution may have been controlled by sandstone channels in the overlying sediments. High-sulfur zones in the lower bench of the Fire Clay coal bed, the stratigraphically highest coal bed considered here, are more problematical. The lower bench, which is of highly variable thickness and quality, generally is overlain by a kaolinitic flint clay, the consequence of a volcanic ash fall into the peat swamp. In southern Perry and Letcher counties, a black, illite-chlorite clay directly overlies the lower bench. General lack of lateral continuity of lithotypes in the lower bench suggests that the precursor swamp consisted of discontinuous peat-forming environments that were spatially variable and regularly inundated by sediments. Some of the peat-forming areas may have been marshlike in character.

  4. Geology of eastern Smith Lake ore trend, Grants mineral belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ristorcelli, S.J.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sandstones in the Brushy Basin Member of the Morrison Formation (Jurassic) are the ore-bearing horizons of the eastern Smith Lake area. The Brushy Basin Member in this district consists of three sandstones with interbedded mudstones. Only the lower two sandstones contain ore. The sandstones are fine to coarse grained, well rounded, and arkosic, representing continental stream sediments. The lower sandstone contains rollfront ore. The redox interface is laterally extensive and well defined, extending at least 7 mi (11 km) west of the Bluewater fault zone. The ore generally occurs at the redox boundary but occasionally will be up to 1500 ft (450 m) updip. Limonitic alteration, where present, is downdip from the hematitic zone and is 100-1,500 ft (30 to 450 m) wide. The middle sandstone contains both trend ore and roll-front ore. The trend ore occurs downdip from the redox front in unoxidized ground. The redox front in the middle sand is also laterally extensive but displays a wedge shape, rather than a C shape. The clay assemblages of the two types of ore are different: the trend ore occurs in sands with the pore spaces filled with kaolinite; the roll-front ore is associated with altered illite-montmorillonite as grain coatings. Hematitic alteration is asociated with the latter. A second stage of kaolinite coats the illite-montmorillonite. Two periods of mineralization are suggested, but no absolute dates are known. The trend ore is the oldest (Jurassic) and is similar to the ore found in unoxidized ground elsewhere in the Grants region. The rollfront ore could be Laramide or post-Laramide because of its association with local Laramide structures.

  5. Background Report on Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, Tracy A [ORNL

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Each month, approximately 45,000 people die from violence, hunger, disease, and other effects of displacement as a result of war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The country is often said to be plagued by a 'resource curse.' During each period in history since its discovery by the West, the DRC has possessed the resources the world craves and the world has sought these without regard for the consequences to the Congolese people. The catastrophic consequences of Congo's history of natural resource exploitation are the direct and indirect death of millions of Congolese people. The current war in Congo is multi-causal in nature but explanations are often reduced to describing it as an ethic conflict based on objective grievance. Objective grievance such as inequality, ethnic tensions, land disputes, and lack of democracy do exist, but they are neither necessary nor sufficient to explain the cause of the violent conflict, and more importantly, they fall short in explaining why this conflict has continued for years. The reality is the conflict is an economic war in which the trade of conflict minerals, gold and the 3Ts (tin, tantalum, tungsten), is directly linked to the financial sustainability of the groups fighting each other in eastern DRC. Objective grievance is a by-product of the conflict, used to create a false but plausible moral justification to continue violence. This paper examines the history of conflict in the DRC and the socio-economic variables contributing to the current war fought over conflict minerals.

  6. Community wind power ownership schemes in Europe and their relevance to the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bolinger, Mark

    2001-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    With varying success, the United States and Europe have followed a more or less parallel path of policies to support wind development over the past twenty years. Feed-in laws and tax incentives first popularized in California in the early 1980s and greatly expanded upon in Europe during the 1990s are gradually giving way to market-based support mechanisms such as renewable portfolio standards, which are being implemented in one form or another in ten US states and at least three European nations. At the same time, electricity markets are being liberalized in both the US and Europe, and many electricity consumers are being given the choice to support the development of renewable energy through higher tariffs, both in traditionally regulated and newly competitive markets. One notable area in which wind development in Europe and United States has not evolved in common, however, is with respect to the level of community ownership of wind turbines or clusters. While community ownership of wind projects is unheard of in the United States, in Europe, local wind cooperatives or other participatory business schemes have been responsible for a large share of total wind development. In Denmark, for example, approximately 80% of all wind turbines are either individually or cooperatively owned, and a similar pattern holds in Germany, the world leader in installed wind capacity. Sweden also has a strong wind cooperative base, and the UK has recently made forays into community wind ownership. Why is it that wind development has evolved this way in Europe, but not in the United States? What incremental effect have community-owned wind schemes had on European wind development? Have community-owned wind schemes driven development in Europe, or are they merely a vehicle through which the fundamental driving institutions have been channeled? Is there value to having community wind ownership in the US? Is there reason to believe that such schemes would succeed in the US? If so, which model seems most appropriate, and what barriers--legal, regulatory, tax, market, or investment--stand in the way of implementing such a scheme? These are the questions this report seeks to address. The report begins with a discussion of the relative advantages and disadvantages of community wind ownership, as opposed to the large commercially-owned projects that have so far dominated US wind development. Next, four detailed case studies relate community-owned wind experience in Denmark, Sweden, the UK, Germany, focusing primarily on the different participatory models employed in each country. The report then categorizes the various models into three main groupings--community-led, developer-led, and investment funds--and draws general conclusions about the success of each category in Europe, and the conditions that dictate the effective use of one approach over another. Finally, the focus shifts to the US, where the report discusses the domestic barriers facing each model category, and identifies the category offering the most value with the fewest barriers to implementation. The report concludes with a high-level introduction to potential applications for community wind ownership within the United States.

  7. Session: Avian migration and implications for wind power development in the Eastern United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mabey, Sarah; Cooper, Brian

    2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This session at the Wind Energy and Birds/Bats workshop consisted of two presentations followed by a discussion/question and answer period. The session was arranged to convey what is known about avian migration, particularly in the eastern US. The first presentation ''Migration Ecology: Issues of Scale and Behavior'' by Sarah Mabey frames the issue of migratory bird interactions with wind energy facilities from an ecological perspective: when, where, and why are migrant bird species vulnerable to wind turbine collision. The second presentation ''Radar Studies of Nocturnal Migration at Wind Sites in the Eastern US'' by Brian Cooper reported on radar studies conducted at wind sites in the eastern US, including Mount Storm, Clipper Wind, and others.

  8. Coordinated Neutrino Physics R&D in Europe Status and Roadmap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edgecock, T R

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EUROnu is a European Commission Framework Programme 7 project undertaking a Design Study of possible future neutrino oscillation facilities for Europe. The three main candidates being studied are a CERN to Fr?jus Superbeam, a Neutrino Factory and a Beta Beam. This contribution will introduce EUROnu, outline the contributions it is making to the field and explain how it is contributing to the CERN strategy for future facilities.

  9. FBIS report. Science and technology: Europe/international, December 16, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Partial Contents: France: Structil Specializes in Aerospace Composites, Stealth Material; Italy: Casini Views Italian Space Agency`s Operation; Germany: Growth in Biotech Jobs, Markets Predicted; France: Development Completed for Antirunway Apache Cruise Missile; EU Advances Against Japan`s Inroads in Programmable Robotics; Germany: Rewritable Polymers for Lasers Developed; Italy: Ministry Approves Applied Research Funds; Italy Italsat F-1, F-2 Satellites Compared; and Europe: Airbus Aims for Half of Chinese Aircraft Market.

  10. IMMIGRATION, MIGRATION ET LIBRE CIRCULATION DANS LA CONSTRUCTION DE L'EUROPE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    IMMIGRATION, MIGRATION ET LIBRE CIRCULATION DANS LA CONSTRUCTION DE L'EUROPE Adrian Favell L'Harmattan-64. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Distribution électronique Cairn.info pour L'Harmattan. © L'Harmattan. Tous droits réservés pour tous pays. La.cairn.info-Institutd'EtudesPolitiquesdeParis--193.54.67.94-15/07/201416h15.©L'Harmattan Documenttéléchargédepuiswww

  11. Class, Authority, and the Querelle des Femmes: A Women's Community of Resistance in Early Modern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Dana Eatman

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    EATMAN LAWRENCE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair of Committee, Patricia Phillippy Committee Members... Modern Europe. (August 2009) Dana Eatman Lawrence, B.S., University of South Florida; M.A., Western Carolina University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Patricia Phillippy This dissertation examines the poetry of Isabella Whitney, a maidservant...

  12. Distribution automobile en Europe et concurrence : le point de vue de l'conomiste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Distribution automobile en Europe et concurrence : le point de vue de l'économiste Philippe BARBET Professeur d'économie à l'université de Paris XIII1 Le secteur de la distribution automobile en'emploi. Les dépenses liées à l'automobile représentent selon l'INSEE entre 10,5 à 11 % du budget des ménages

  13. Logistical and transportation infrastructure in Asia : potential for growth and development to support increasing trade with Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deonás, Nikolaos, 1978-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the implications of the rapid growth in demand for trade between Europe and Asia for the existing transportation network and logistical infrastructure. In general terms, technologies need to improve ...

  14. Characterization of the Solar Power Resource in Europe and Assessing Benefits of Co-Location with Wind Power Installations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bozonnat, C.

    The extent, availability and reliability of solar power generation are assessed over Europe, and—following a previously developed methodology—special attention is given to the intermittency of solar power. Combined with ...

  15. Fair Weather Friends or Pillars of Support: Assessing the Sources of Legitimacy of EU Governance Among the Public Across Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bastin, Mariah Margareta

    2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT Fair Weather Friends or Pillars of Support: Assessing the Sources of Legitimacy of EU Governance Among the Public Across Europe Out of the current sovereign debt crisis, the continuing debate over the proper role and responsibility...

  16. Fair Weather Friends or Pillars of Support: Assessing the Sources of Legitimacy of EU Governance Among the Public Across Europe 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bastin, Mariah Margareta

    2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT Fair Weather Friends or Pillars of Support: Assessing the Sources of Legitimacy of EU Governance Among the Public Across Europe Out of the current sovereign debt crisis, the continuing debate over the proper role and responsibility...

  17. Environmental technology and policy development in a regional system : transboundary water management and pollution prevention in southeastern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electris, Christi

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to surmount the barriers to transboundary integration and coordination of environmental technology and regulatory policy in Southeastern Europe, the environmental capabilities and needs of the region are discussed, ...

  18. A Review of "Christopher Plantin and Engraved Book Illustrations in Sixteenth-Century Europe" by Karen Bowen and Dirk Imhof

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Larry

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and thorough, this is a distinguished and rewarding contribu- tion to the history of higher education. Karen Bowen and Dirk Imhof. Christopher Plantin and Engraved Book Illustrations in Sixteenth-Century Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008...

  19. The Association of Large-Scale Climate Variability and Teleconnections on Wind Energy Resource over Europe and its Intermittency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kriesche, Pascal

    In times of increasing importance of wind power in the world’s energy mix, this study focuses on a better understanding of the influences of large-scale climate variability on wind power resource over Europe. The impact ...

  20. Wind/PV Generation for Frequency Regulation and Oscillation Damping in the Eastern Interconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Yong [The University of Tennessee, Knoxville; Gracia, Jose R [ORNL; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; Liu, Yilu [ORNL

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the control of renewable energy sources, including the variable-speed wind generators and solar photovoltaic (PV) generators, for frequency regulation and inter-area oscillation damping in the U.S. Eastern Interconnection (EI). In this report, based on the user-defined wind/PV generator electrical control model and the 16,000-bus Eastern Interconnection dynamic model, the additional controllers for frequency regulation and inter-area oscillation damping are developed and incorporated and the potential contributions of renewable energy sources to the EI system frequency regulation and inter-area oscillation damping are evaluated.

  1. A climatology of tropical moisture bursts in the eastern North Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Neil Ray

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A CLIil'IATOLOGY OF TROFICAL MOISTURE BURSTS IN THF. EASTERN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN A Theseus NEIL R A Y SMITH Submitted to the Graduate College of' Texas AKIil University in partial fulfil)nient of the requirements I'o. the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1986 M;i;iir Subject: Meteorology A CLIMATOLOGY OF TROPICAL MOISTURE BURSTS IN THE EASTERN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN A Thesis NEIL RAY SMITH Approved as to style and content by: James P. McE uirk (Co-Chairman) ylmer H, Thompson (Co...

  2. Potential of Hot-Dry-Rock Geothermal Energy in the Eastern United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is subtitled, ''A report to the United States Congress under Section 2502 of Public Law 102-486 (The Energy Policy Act of 1992)''. It documents a workshop held by the U.S.G.S. (in Philadelphia, January 1993) as required by EPACT 1992. The workshop concluded that under present (1993) economic and technological constraints, mining heat for power electrical power generation is not feasible in the eastern United States. The main issues are the costs of drilling very deep wells and the general applicability of hydrofracturing technology to compressional stress field typical of the eastern U.S. (DJE-2005)

  3. Sources and fluxes of carbon in a large boreal hydroelectric reservoir of eastern Canada: an isotopic approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Bernard

    Sources and fluxes of carbon in a large boreal hydroelectric reservoir of eastern Canada Hydroelectric reservoirs emit greenhouse gases (GHGs). Although a few hypothesis have been put forward at the surface of a large boreal hydroelectric reservoir of eastern Canada (Robert-Bourassa) as well

  4. Magnetic lineations constraints for the back-arc opening of the Late Neogene South Banda Basin (eastern Indonesia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyment, Jérôme

    (eastern Indonesia) F. Hinschbergera,*, J.-A. Maloda , J. Dymenta , C. Honthaasb , J.-P. ReÃ?haulta , S 05, France c Departemen Teknik Geologi, Universitas Hasanuddin, Ujung Pandang, Indonesia Abstract The South Banda Basin is located within eastern Indonesia near the triple junction between the Eurasian

  5. How plate tectonics is recorded in chalk deposits along the eastern English Channel in Normandy (France) and Sussex (UK)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    fracture system, on each side of the eastern English Channel, using a set of 1600 meso-scale fractures data vary on each part of the eastern English Channel. The meso-scale fracture system is thus used to better define the type of relationship between meso-scale and large-scale brittle deformation in the Chalk

  6. Influence of temperature and body mass on standard metabolic rate of eastern red-backed salamanders (Plethodon cinereus)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, William A.

    Influence of temperature and body mass on standard metabolic rate of eastern red-backed salamanders 29 October 2009 Accepted 20 January 2010 Keywords: Eastern red-backed salamander Oxygen consumption be used to investigate questions of applied or basic ecological interest, such as quantifying energetic

  7. Phanerozoic tectonothermal history of the ArabianNubian shield in the Eastern Desert of Egypt: evidence from fission track

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Harald

    Phanerozoic tectonothermal history of the Arabian­Nubian shield in the Eastern Desert of Egypt were performed in the Eastern Desert of Egypt. The results provide insights into the processes driving reserved. Keywords: Phanerozoic; Fission track thermochronology; Palaeostress; Arabian­Nubien shield; Egypt

  8. Study Abroad in China Summer Course PB495/595: Plant Resources and Ecology in Eastern China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiang, Jenny Qiuyun

    Study Abroad in China ­ Summer Course PB495/595: Plant Resources and Ecology in Eastern China to famous mountains, wetland parks, and lakes in eastern China, students will gain skills in field botany and knowledge of wetland and lake ecology, plant biodiversity and its uses in China. The course enhances cross

  9. A review of "Literary Circles and Gender in Early Modern Europe: A Cross-Cultural Approach" by Julie Campbell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desroches, Lissa Beauchamp

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with compelling historical context and astute literary analysis. Julie Campbell. Literary Circles and Gender in Early Modern Europe: A Cross- Cultural Approach. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2006. viii + 221 pp. $89.95. Review by LISSA BEAUCHAMP DESROCHES..., UNIVERSITY OF NEW BRUNSWICK, FREDERICTON. Julie Campbell?s study of how gender operates in the literary circles and salons of early modern Europe relies on a balance between genders as a matter of fact and gender as a matter for discourse. In other words...

  10. The 'Curse' of Eastern Blood in Ismail Kadare’s Elegy for Kosovo.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kokobobo, Ani

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ,'A the Kosovo crisis coupled with the NATO intervention that followed, led to representations and demonizations of Serbs in the Western press as savage or vampiric others. Scholars construe such perceptions of the Balkans as Europe's other to be a variant... with the Western European need for a point of contrast to its own identity. Nor is the Western construction of the Orient limited to discourse alone. As Said argues, this construct becomes a way for Europe to dominate the 1 Maria Todorova, Imagining the Balkans...

  11. Savannah River Site Eastern Transportation Hub: A Concept For a DOE Eastern Packaging, Staging and Maintenance Center - 13143

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    England, Jeffery L. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, South Carolina (United States)] [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, South Carolina (United States); Adams, Karen; Maxted, Maxcine; Ruff Jr, Clarence [U.S. Department of Energy, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC (United States); Albenesius, Andrew; Bowers, Mark D.; Fountain, Geoffrey; Hughes, Michael [Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, Aiken, SC (United States)] [Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, Aiken, SC (United States); Gordon, Sydney [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV (United States)] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV (United States); O'Connor, Stephen [U.S. Department of Energy, HQ DOE, EM-33, Germantown MD (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy, HQ DOE, EM-33, Germantown MD (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) is working to de-inventory sites and consolidate hazardous materials for processing and disposal. The DOE administers a wide range of certified shipping packages for the transport of hazardous materials to include Special Nuclear Material (SNM), radioactive materials, sealed sources and radioactive wastes. A critical element to successful and safe transportation of these materials is the availability of certified shipping packages. There are over seven thousand certified packagings (i.e., Type B/Type AF) utilized within the DOE for current missions. The synergistic effects of consolidated maintenance, refurbishment, testing, certification, and costing of these services would allow for efficient management of the packagings inventory and to support anticipated future in-commerce shipping needs. The Savannah River Site (SRS) receives and ships radioactive materials (including SNM) and waste on a regular basis for critical missions such as consolidated storage, stabilization, purification, or disposition using H-Canyon and HB-Line. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has the technical capability and equipment for all aspects of packaging management. SRS has the only active material processing facility in the DOE complex and is one of the sites of choice for nuclear material consolidation. SRS is a logical location to perform maintenance and periodic testing of the DOE fleet of certified packagings. This initiative envisions a DOE Eastern Packaging Staging and Maintenance Center (PSMC) at the SRS and a western hub at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), an active DOE Regional Disposal Site. The PSMC's would be the first place DOE would go to meet their radioactive packaging needs and the primary locations projects would go to disposition excess packaging for beneficial reuse. These two hubs would provide the centralized management of a packaging fleet rather than the current approach to design, procure, maintain and dispose of packagings on a project-by-project basis. This initiative provides significant savings in packaging costs and acceleration of project schedules. In addition to certified packaging, the PSMC would be well suited for select designs of 7A Type A packaging and Industrial Packaging. (authors)

  12. CITI Program Website Downtime for Software Upgrade Starting Monday 29 July at 11 a.m. U.S. Eastern Daylight Time, the CITI Program website will be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Eastern Daylight Time, the CITI Program website will be unavailable for approximately two to three days

  13. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey) Earthquake -1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey, 2012, 5:45pm D R A F T #12;X - 2 ELLIOTT ET AL.: 2011 VAN EARTHQUAKE, EASTERN TURKEY moment and source.: 2011 VAN EARTHQUAKE, EASTERN TURKEY X - 3 Interferograms from the ENVISAT satellite were derived from

  14. Tectonic control for evaporite formation in the Eastern Betics (Tortonian; Spain)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Tectonic control for evaporite formation in the Eastern Betics (Tortonian; Spain) Wout Krijgsman a for the Venta de la Virgen section by integration of biostratigraphic, magnetostratigraphic and isotopic dating for the emergence of a threshold that finally led to evaporite formation in the Fortuna basin. © 2006 Elsevier B

  15. Physical and chemical signatures of a developing anticyclonic eddy in the Leeuwin Current, eastern Indian Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Ming

    Physical and chemical signatures of a developing anticyclonic eddy in the Leeuwin Current, eastern 2006 to sample a developing anticyclonic eddy of the Leeuwin Current off Western Australia. The eddy to that of the Leeuwin Current, indicating the water mass in the eddy is mainly derived from the Leeuwin Current

  16. Co-variability of tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic and the eastern North Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Chunzai

    of accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) in the ENP. Therefore, we calculate the NA and ENP ACE indices by summingCo-variability of tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic and the eastern North Pacific Chunzai; published 30 December 2009. [1] In the Western Hemisphere, tropical cyclones (TCs) can form and develop

  17. Wave energy potential in the Eastern Mediterranean Levantine Basin. An integrated 10-year study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgiou, Georgios

    Data bank Wave energy potential in the Eastern Mediterranean Levantine Basin. An integrated 10-year Article history: Received 30 July 2013 Accepted 25 March 2014 Available online Keywords: Wave energy Numerical atmospheric Wave modeling a b s t r a c t The main characteristics of wave energy potential over

  18. Influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of soils in eastern Saudi Arabia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of soils in eastern Saudi Arabia Shahid Azam Saudi Arabia. Mineralogical evolution and engineering behaviour of such soils are governed by local investigations, this paper discusses the influence of mineralogy on swelling and consolidation of expansive clay

  19. Pacific Ocean Contribution to the Asymmetry in Eastern Indian Ocean Variability CAROLINE C. UMMENHOFER*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ummenhofer, Caroline C.

    Pacific Ocean Contribution to the Asymmetry in Eastern Indian Ocean Variability CAROLINE C is restricted to the Indian or Pacific Ocean only, support the interpretation of forcing mechanisms for large Indian Ocean atmospheric forcing versus remote influences from Pacific wind forcing: low events develop

  20. Advanced Unit Commitment Strategies for the U.S. Eastern Interconnection: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ela, E.; Milligan, M.; Meibom, P.; Barth, R.; Tuohy, A.

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper outlines a study undertaken for the U.S. Eastern Interconnection in which different advanced unit commitment strategies were simulated for three different years to evaluate the benefits that may occur from using these strategies as an operational tool.

  1. Precambrian Research 136 (2005) 2750 The Wadi Mubarak belt, Eastern Desert of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Harald

    Precambrian Research 136 (2005) 27­50 The Wadi Mubarak belt, Eastern Desert of Egypt, Graz, Austria b Mansoura University, Faculty of Science, Geology Department, El Mansoura, Egypt c February 2003; accepted 3 September 2004 Abstract The Wadi Mubarak belt in Egypt strikes west­east (and

  2. Late Quaternary deposition and facies model for karstic Lake Estanya (North-eastern Spain)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Late Quaternary deposition and facies model for karstic Lake Estanya (North-eastern Spain) MARIO-50059 Zaragoza, Spain (E-mail: mariomm@ipe.csic.es) EAWAG, Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Research Ca´diz, Poli´gono Ri´o San Pedro s/n, 11510 Puerto Real (Ca´diz), Spain Associate Editor: Stephen

  3. Holocene forest history of the eastern plateaux in the Segura Mountains (Murcia, southeastern Spain)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera, Carlos M.

    Holocene forest history of the eastern plateaux in the Segura Mountains (Murcia, southeastern Spain´nica), Facultad de Biologi´a, Universidad de Murcia, Campus de Espinardo, 30100 Murcia, Spain b Area de Bota´nica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Auto´noma de Barcelona, 01893 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain c School

  4. Eastern margin variability of the South Pacific Convergence Zone Benjamin R. Lintner1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lintner, Benjamin Richard

    intensity associated with increased moisture near the mean eastern SPCZ margin and an eastward displacement a spurious ``double ITCZ'' [Zhang, 2001]. Such behavior may stem from deficiencies in ocean: Scientific programme overview, 2006, available at http://www.eol. ucar.edu/projects/vocals]. [3] Regionally

  5. Soil CO2 production and surface flux at four climate observatories in eastern Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soil CO2 production and surface flux at four climate observatories in eastern Canada David Risk the climatic controls on soil respiration. We use subsurface CO2 concentrations, surface CO2 flux and detailed physical monitoring of the subsurface regime to examine physical controls on soil CO2 production. Results

  6. Genetic variation in the eastern subterranean termite Reticulitermes flavipes (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benavides, Lucille H

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    : ______________________________ ______________________________ Roger Gold Anthony Cognato (Co-Chair of Committee) (Co-Chair of Committee) ______________________________ ______________________________ Jorge Cruz...: Rhinotermitidae). (December 2004) Lucille H. Benavides, B.S., Texas A&M University Co-Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Roger Gold Dr. Anthony Cognato The eastern subterranean termite, Reticulitermes flavipes, is the most widely dispersed...

  7. Submitted to Energy Policy, 16 November 2009 Eastern Canadian crude oil supply and its implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    with declining production. This paper examines crude oil production, supply, and its refining in eastern Canada shortages, or both. Keywords: Energy security, NAFTA, Canadian crude oil production 1 Introduction In 2007 Canada's crude oil supply and growing reliance on imports from countries with declining production

  8. Chronostratigraphic framework and evolution of the Fortuna basin (Eastern Betics) since the Late Miocene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Chronostratigraphic framework and evolution of the Fortuna basin (Eastern Betics) since the Late, Spain ABSTRACT A Tortonian to Pliocene magnetostratigraphy of the Fortuna basin supports a new Betics in SE Spain. The Neogene Fortuna basin is an elongated trough which formed over a left

  9. Effects of supplemental stocking on eastern wild turkey restoration in the Post Oak Savannah of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feuerbacher, Charles Kirk

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A total of 107 radio-marked eastern wild turkeys (Meleagris 11 v ) was initially or supplementally released from 1994-96 on 5 different study areas to determine the effectiveness of supplemental stocking in the Post Oak Savannah of Texas. An attempt...

  10. The Seytan Deresi wreck and the Minoan connection in the Eastern Aegean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Margariti, Roxani Eleni

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the tradition of colonization and intensive maritime activity by Minors in the region. Tile pottery from keyman Deresi may have been made in a Minoan settlement of the Eastern Aegean islands or a site on the Anatolian coast where Minors lived and/or traded....

  11. FRAMEWORK GEOLOGY OF FORT UNION COAL IN THE EASTERN ROCK SPRINGS UPLIFT,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapter GF FRAMEWORK GEOLOGY OF FORT UNION COAL IN THE EASTERN ROCK SPRINGS UPLIFT, GREATER GREEN RIVER BASIN, WYOMING By R.M. Flores,1 A.M. Ochs,2 and L.R. Bader1 in U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1625-A 1 U.S. Geological Survey 2 Consultant, U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colorado 1999

  12. Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios the degree to which an individual plant's leaf waxes D/H ratios are affected by these parameters remains- sitions of leaf wax n-alkanes, stem and surface waters were analyzed and compared against high

  13. Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Environmental control on eastern broadleaf forest species' leaf wax distributions and D/H ratios plant's leaf waxes D/H ratios are affected by these parameters remains in question. Understanding Coast of the US, from Florida to Maine. Hydrogen isotopic compo- sitions of leaf wax n-alkanes, stem

  14. CHANGES IN MAGNETIC PARAMETERS AFTER SEQUENTIAL IRON PHASE EXTRACTION OF EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN SAPROPEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    of sequential extraction and mineral-magnetic methods. The sequential extraction shows that besides ironCHANGES IN MAGNETIC PARAMETERS AFTER SEQUENTIAL IRON PHASE EXTRACTION OF EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN different minerals (i.e. silicates, pyrite, detrital oxides) that are present in a sediment sequence

  15. A thermotectonic framework for the growth and stabilization of the eastern Kaapvaal craton, southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoene, Robert Blair

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Continents are an amalgamation of crust and mantle lithosphere assembled over -4 Gyr and are therefore our best record of the early Earth. Exposures of rocks -3.0-3.7 Ga cover -20,000 km2 of eastern S. Africa and Swaziland, ...

  16. Neogene uplift of central eastern Patagonia: Dynamic response to active spreading ridge subduction?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Husson, Laurent

    Neogene uplift of central eastern Patagonia: Dynamic response to active spreading ridge subduction in subduction. This migration resulted in the opening of an asthenospheric window below Patagonia, inducing ridge subduction may have exerted a major control on the Neogene dynamics of Patagonia. Citation

  17. Charcoal kilos and environmental history in the eastern Pyrenees (France). A methodological approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    #12;Charcoal kilos and environmental history in the eastern Pyrenees (France). A methodological years, an interdiscip1inary research prograrn on long-term forest history and the impact of metallurgy as a tool for reconstructing environmental history and ancient woodlands. Two different methods

  18. Organic geochemical evidence for pine tar production in middle Eastern Sweden during the Roman Iron Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Organic geochemical evidence for pine tar production in middle Eastern Sweden during the Roman Iron samples were analysed for diterpenoids derived from abietic acid (mainly retene, abietic acid, dehydroa- bietic acid and methyl dehydroabietate) by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) in order to test

  19. Temperature Influence on Commercial Lake Whitefish Harvest in Eastern Lake Michigan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temperature Influence on Commercial Lake Whitefish Harvest in Eastern Lake Michigan Holly Price1 of Statistics University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 2Cooperative Institute for Limnology and Ecosystems Research University of Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 3NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental

  20. SCRS/2008/196 APPLICATION OF THE PROCEAN MODEL TO THE EASTERN ATLANTIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    PELAMIS) TUNA FISHERY Emmanuel Chassot1 , John F. Walter III2 , Daniel Gaertner1 SUMMARY The PROCEAN to the eastern component of the Atlantic skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis) to assess the current status of the stock with the production modelling framework. No Atlantic skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis) stock assessment has been carried

  1. Effects of livestock grazing on pollination on a steppe in eastern Mongolia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Effects of livestock grazing on pollination on a steppe in eastern Mongolia Yu Yoshiharaa 113-8657, Japan b WWF Mongolia Programme Office, Ulanbaatar 210620A, Mongolia c Institute of Biology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar 51, Mongolia d Azabu University, Fuchinobe 1-17-71, Sagamihara

  2. High resolution RCM simulation of eastern Mediterranean climate and its expected changes to 2050

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Joan

    High resolution RCM simulation of eastern Mediterranean climate and its expected changes to 2050. Modern global climate change evaluations usually based on application of coupled atmosphere-ocean global by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). A number of different anthropogenic emission scenarios have been

  3. Estimating the return times of great Himalayan earthquakes in eastern Nepal: Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klinger, Yann

    Estimating the return times of great Himalayan earthquakes in eastern Nepal: Evidence from the Patu, Kathmandu, Nepal, 3 Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore not documented the occurrence of several similar events at the same location. In east central Nepal, however

  4. Optimization and Visualization of the North American Eastern Interconnect Power Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Optimization and Visualization of the North American Eastern Interconnect Power Market Douglas R. Hale DHALE@eia.doe.gov U.S. Energy Information Agency Washington, DC 20585 USA Thomas J. Overbye. Introduction The road to competitive electricity markets in the United States is becoming littered

  5. Safety of nuclear power reactors in the former Eastern European countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chakraborty, S. [Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate, Villigen (Switzerland)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article discusses the safety of nuclear power plants in the former Eastern European countries (including the former Soviet Union). The current international design fabrication, construction, operation, safely, regulatory standards and practices, and ways to resolve plant problems are addressed in light of experience with the Western nuclear power development programs. 9 refs., 4 figs.

  6. Respiratory and Reproductive Characteristics of Eastern Mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) Inhabiting a Coal Ash Settling Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, William A.

    ) Inhabiting a Coal Ash Settling Basin B. P. Staub, W. A. Hopkins, J. Novak, J. D. Congdon Savannah River 2002/Accepted: 29 March 2002 Abstract. Coal fly ash and effluent from coal ash settling basins viable populations in areas contaminated by coal ash. While eastern mosquitofish are present

  7. Silurian K-bentonites in North America and northwestern Europe: A trans-Atlantic comparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bergstroem, S.M. (Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences); Kolata, D.R. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States)); Huff, W.D. (Univ. of Cincinnati, OH (United States). Dept. of Geology)

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Little published information is available about Silurian K-bentonites in North America, but a few occurrences of such beds are known from the Great lakes region and Nova Scotia. Only a small number of beds are recorded from the former area, but the Nova Scotia occurrences include about 20 beds of Llandoverian age, the most extensive sequence of Silurian K-bentonites known in North America. In contrast, more than 150 K-bentonites occur in the Silurian successions in Baltoscandia and the British Isles. Virtually all beds in North America are of Llandoverian age. There are numerous beds of that age also in Norway, Denmark (Bornholm), the British Isles, and the Swedish mainland but the successions in Estonia, Gotland, and the British Isles also include many K-bentonites of Wenlockian and Ludlovian age. Apparently, no Pridolian beds are known in North America and northwestern Europe. Many graptolite-dated collections from more than 20 sections in Baltoscandia and from many sections in the British Isles suggest that several single beds, or complexes of beds, can be traced regionally and hence have event-stratigraphic potential. The relatively few beds known from North America all occur in biostratigraphic intervals containing K-bentonites in Europe, and it is possible that some of these beds may have a common source. The much larger number of beds in northwestern Europe compared with North America may be taken as an indication that the source area of the European K-bentonites was closer to Baltica than to Laurentia, and probably located somewhere in the northern Iapetus.

  8. Whodunnit? Grave-robbery in early medieval northern and western Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klevnäs, Alison Margaret

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -robbery across early medieval Europe. In Kent robbing is at a level that must be considered in any discussion of cemetery evidence. The poor publication record has inhibited recognition and analysis of robbing in the county. However, by using extensive archive... symbolically-loaded grave-goods from burials. It is interpreted as carried out between local communities, as part of the conflicts arising from the 7th century rise of kingly power. Reopening, ransacking, robbing Early medieval grave-robbery is a case study...

  9. Fact #645: October 18, 2010 Price of Diesel Fuel versus Gasoline in Europe

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment of EnergyEnergyWestern Europe | Department of|

  10. Fact #752: November 5, 2012 Western Europe Plug-in Car Sales, 2012 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyNewto Western Europe

  11. Air-sea interaction at contrasting sites in the Eastern Tropical Pacific : mesoscale variability and atmospheric convection at 10°N

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrar, J. Thomas (John Thomas), 1976-

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The role of ocean dynamics in driving air-sea interaction is examined at two contrasting sites on 125°W in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean using data from the Pan American Climate Study (PACS) field program. Analysis ...

  12. Sequence Stratigraphy and Detrital Zircon Provenance of the Eureka Quartzite in South-Central Nevada and Eastern California 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Workman, Benjamin David

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The Middle-Late Ordovician Eureka Quartzite in south-central Nevada and eastern California is a supermature quartz arenite that was deposited along the Lower Paleozoic western passive margin of Laurentia. Measured section ...

  13. Comparative breeding ecology of Lesser Sandhill Cranes (Grus canadensis canadensis) and Siberian cranes (G. leucogeranus) in Eastern Siberia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watanabe, Tsuyoshi

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Populations of Lesser Sandhill Crane (Grus canadensis canadensis) have been increasing during the last decades in Eastern Siberia, an area historically known as breeding grounds of endangered Siberian Cranes (G. leucogeranus). Significant overlap...

  14. Dissecting the eastern margin of the Tibetan plateau : a study of landslides, erosion and river incision in a transient landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouimet, William Burke

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The eastern margin of the Tibetan plateau is characterized by large rivers dissecting regional topography that has been uplifted in association with the continued convergence of the Indian subcontinent and Eurasia. In this ...

  15. A comparison of Texas and Iowa broodstocks for eastern wild turkey restoration in the Post Oak Savannah of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gainey, Jeffery Wayne

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Objectives of this study were to compare mortality, reproduction, and movements of eastern wild turkeys (Meleagis gallopavo silvestris) from Iowa and Texas which were relocated into the Post Oak Savannah of Texas. To achieve these objectives, one...

  16. Character of the diatom assemblage spanning a depositional transition in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean at 6.6 Ma 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brookshire, Brian Neville, Jr.

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Approximately 6.6 million years ago in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific a large increase in biogenic mass accumulation rates (MAR?s) occurred. This increased level of biogenic mass accumulation persisted until about 4.4 Ma ...

  17. Analysis of reservoir performance and forecasting for the eastern area of the C-2 Reservoir, Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urdaneta Anez, Jackeline C

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research developed a numerical simulation based on the latest reservoir description to evaluate the feasibility of new infill wells to maximize the recovery specifically in the eastern region of the reservoir operated by Petroleos de Venezuela...

  18. Detrital thermochronology and sediment petrology of the middle Siwaliks along the Muksar Khola section in eastern Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Detrital thermochronology and sediment petrology of the middle Siwaliks along the Muksar Khola Formation in eastern Nepal along the Muksar Khola section for thermochronologic and sediment petrologic mountain belts preserve the exhumation record of their sediment source areas. Petrologic, thermochronologic

  19. Oil and gas developments in eastern and northwestern Colorado in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ligrani, L.D.; Adams, C.W.; Nibbelink, K.A.

    1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Drilling activity in eastern and northwestern Colorado was up approximately 10% from 1,430 wells in 1983 to 1,589 wells in 1984. This increase in total wells drilled resulted mainly from development activity. The success rate for the 488 exploratory wells drilled in 1984 was 24%, down about 7% from the 1983 level of 31%. Activity in eastern Colorado focused on Pennsylvanian and Mississippian rocks along the Las Animas arch and northern Hugoton embayment. Drilling for Cretaceous formations in the Denver basin increased with much of the new activity centered around the Codell sandstone and Niobrara Formation near Greeley. Significant new Niobrara production was established in northern Weld County. In the San Luis Valley of south-central Colorado, oil shows were reported for the first time in the Cretaceous Dakota Formation beneath volcanic rocks.

  20. Oil and gas developments in eastern and northwestern Colorado in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ligrani, L.D.; Adams, C.W.; Nibbelink, K.A.

    1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Drilling activity in eastern and northwestern Colorado was up approximately 10% from 1430 wells in 1983 to 1589 wells in 1984. This increase in total wells drilled resulted mainly from development activity. The success rate for the 488 exploratory wells drilled in 1984 was 24%, down about 7% from the 1983 level of 31%. Activity in eastern Colorado focused on Pennsylvanian and Mississippian rocks along the Las Animas arch and northern Hugoton embayment. Drilling for Cretaceous formations in the Denver basin increased with much of the new activity centered around the Codell sandstone and Niobrara Formation near Greeley. Significant new Niobrara production was established in northern Weld County. In the San Luis Valley of south-central Colorado, oil shows were reported for the first time in the Cretaceous Dakota Formation beneath volcanic rocks. 1 figure, 2 tables.

  1. A review of "British and Irish Experiences and Impressions of Central Europe, c. 1560-1688" by David Worthington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janik, Jakub

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    studying the period to dismiss the book as one solely for those examining armed con ict. David Worthington. British and Irish Experiences and Impressions of Central Europe, c. 1560-1688. Ashgate, 2012. xxii + 232 pp. ?65.00. Review by #1...;#28;#11;#23; #1;#28;#29;#22;#11;, #1;#28;#6;#22;#31;#30;#30;#24;#29;#22;#28;#29; #23;#29;#22;#27;#31;#25;#21;#22;#20;#26;, #11;#25;#28;#11;?#18;, #3;#24;#30;#28;#29;#8;. #14;ough ?Central Europe? remains relatively unexplored terrain for most western historians...

  2. Cross-equatorial influences of a South American cold surge on the development of two eastern North Pacific tropical cyclones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millier, Vicki Anne

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CROSS-EQUATORIAL INFLUENCES OF A SOUTH AMERICAN COLD SURGE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF TWO EASTERN NORTH PACIFIC TROPICAL CYCLONES A Thesis by VICKI ANNE MILLIER Submitted to the Oflice of Graduate Studies of' Texas ASM University in partial fu...1611ment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1989 Major Subject: Meteorology CROSS-EQUATORIAL INFLUENCES OF A SOUTH AMERICAN COLD SURGE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF TWO EASTERN NORTH PACIFIC TROPICAL CYCLONES A Thesis...

  3. Geothermal systems of the Mono Basin-Long Valley region, eastern California and western Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higgins, C.T.; Flynn, T.; Chapman, R.H.; Trexler, D.T.; Chase, G.R.; Bacon, C.F.; Ghusn, G. Jr.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The region that includes Mono Basin, Long Valley, the Bridgeport-Bodie Hills area, and Aurora, in eastern California and western Nevada was studied to determine the possible causes and interactions of the geothermal anomalies in the Mono Basin-Long Valley region as a whole. A special goal of the study was to locate possible shallow bodies of magma and to determine their influence on the hydrothermal systems in the region. (ACR)

  4. Effects of stimulation/completion practices on Eastern Devonian Shale well productivity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nearing, Timothy Ray

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the degree and density of natural fracturing in the shales . The counties and region designations are summarized in table 1. OH WV KY VA Figure 1 - Study Area of Devonian Gas Production. STATE TABLE 1 Description of Study Area COUNTY REGION...EFFECTS OF STIMULATION/COMPLETION PRACTICES ON EASTERN DEVONIAN SHALE WELL PRODUCTIVITY A Thesis by TIMOTHY RAY NEARING Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

  5. Compositional characteristics of the Fire Clay coal bed in a portion of eastern Kentucky

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hower, J.C.; Andrews, W.M. Jr.; Rimmer, S.M. (Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington (United States)); Eble, C.F. (Kentucky Geological Survey, Lexington (United States))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Fire Clay (Hazard No. 4) coal bed (Middle Pennsylvanian Breathitt Formation) is one of the most extensively mined coal in eastern Kentucky. The coal is used for metallurgical and steam end uses and, with its low sulfur content, should continue to be a prime steam coal. This study focuses on the petrology, mineralogy, ash geochemistry, and palynology of the coal in an eight 7.5-min quadrangle area of Leslie, Perry, Knott, and Letcher counties.

  6. Influence of penecontemporaneous tectonism on development of Breathitt Formation coals, eastern Kentucky

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hower, J.C.; Trinkle, E.J.; Pollock, J.D.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Middle Pennsylvanian Breathitt Formation coals beds in the central portion of the Eastern Kentucky coal field exhibit changes in lithology, petrology, and chemistry that can be attributed to temporal continuity in the depositional systems. The study interval within northern Perry and Knott Counties includes coals from the Taylor coal bed at the base of the Magoffin marine member upward through the Hazard No. 8 (Francis) coal bed.

  7. Effects of stimulation/completion practices on Eastern Devonian Shale well productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nearing, Timothy Ray

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Devonian shale, ' then the degree of fracture density and fracture preferential direction caused by these stresses should dictate the choice of stimulation method. Young states that fracture orientation will be dictated by the in-situ stress field...EFFECTS OF STIMULATION/COMPLETION PRACTICES ON EASTERN DEVONIAN SHALE WELL PRODUCTIVITY A Thesis by TIMOTHY RAY NEARING Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

  8. Variability of bottom water domes and geostrophic currents in the eastern Gulf of Maine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gottlieb, Erik S

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    entering Georges Bas- in, the slope water mixes with the endemic, less-dense bottom water (Hopkins and Gar- field, 1979). The newly formed bottom water accumulates in Georges Basin, resulting in an upward doming of the interface (found between 50 and 200...VARIABILITY OF BOTTOM WATER DOMES AND GEOSTROPHIC CURRENTS IN THE EASTERN GULF OF MAINE A Thesis by ERIK SAUL GQTTLIEB Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree...

  9. Geothermal Energy and the Eastern US: Fifth technical information interchange meeting, Minutes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The technical interchange meeting documented here is the fifth meeting where people interested in geothermal energy in the Eastern US have met to interchange technical information. These meetings are intended to assist all in the difficult task of balancing time and effort in doing their assigned jobs and keeping track of what others are doing in similar or related tasks. All of the aforementioned meetings have served their intended purpose and further regional and national meetings are sure to follow.

  10. Adaptation of eastern white pine provenances to planting sites. Forest Service research paper (Final)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demeritt, M.E.; Garrett, P.W.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Eastern white pine provenances from the extreme limits of the natural range of this species are changing from above- and below-average stability to average stability for height growth with increasing age. The regression method is useful for evaluating the stability of provenance to planting sites. The same general conclusions are reached for the performance at different planting sites from the regression method as from the relative difference method.

  11. Unconventional gas resources. [Eastern Gas Shales, Western Gas Sands, Coalbed Methane, Methane from Geopressured Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Komar, C.A. (ed.)

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the program goals, research activities, and the role of the Federal Government in a strategic plan to reduce the uncertainties surrounding the reserve potential of the unconventional gas resources, namely, the Eastern Gas Shales, the Western Gas Sands, Coalbed Methane, and methane from Geopressured Aquifers. The intent is to provide a concise overview of the program and to identify the technical activities that must be completed in the successful achievement of the objectives.

  12. Bob-White Populations as Affected by Woodland Management in Eastern Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lay, Daniel W.

    1940-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    uncut tracts in eastern Texas. The principal trees are loblolly and shortleaf pine, southern red oak, and hickory. The vegetation in Polk. Tyler, and Hardin counties is exceptionally varied and luxuriant. The dead but standing pine (fourth from right... grass paspalurngrass elephantfoot violet OB-WHITE POPULATIONS AS AFFECTED BY WOODLAND MANAGEMENT 13 though the pines are dominant in all virgin or mature second-growth upland forests observed in Walker and Polk counties, there is some doubt...

  13. Influence of burning and mowing on an eastern gamagrass (Tripsacum dactyloides) community in South Central Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cadenhead, James Frank

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . This tall, robust grass attracted the settlers and was often first to be fenced and utilized as pasture (Polk and Adcook 1964). Eastern gamagrass dominated grasslands were once extensively distributed and widely utilized for human food (Komarek 1965...), wildlife and livestock grazing, and hay (Polk and Adcock 1964). Gamagrass has, however, been eliminated or greatly reduced in abundanoe in relation to its former distribution. This reduction was primarily due to overgrazing, extensive hay production...

  14. Evolution of the Llanos Basin and the deformation of the Eastern Cordiller, Columbia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Addison, F.; Cooper, M.; Hayward, A.; Howe, S. O'Leary, J. (BP Exploration Co. Ltd., Santafe de Bogota (Colombia))

    1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Llanos Basin is located on the flank of the Eastern Cordillera in northeast Colombia. Basin development commenced with the deposition of a synrift Triassic and Jurassic megasequence related to the separation of North and South America in the Caribbean. Basin development continued with the Cretaceous Back Arc Megasequence deposited in a back arc basin behind the Andean subduction zone. Three major sequences can be recognized corresponding to extensional pulses in the Tithonian, Albian, and the Santonian which control thickness and facies distributions. The primary reservoir in the basin is the Late Eocene Mirandor Formation which was deposited in a fluvial system which prograded from the Guyana Shield to the west-northwest. This was deposited as part of the Pre-Andean Foreland Basin Megasequence (Bartonian to Serravallian) which developed as a result of uplift onset and deformation in the Central Cordillera. This megasequence covered the Magdalena Valley the Eastern Cordillera ad the Llanos Basin. In the foothills of the Eastern Cordillera, the Mirador Formation begins to show evidence of marine influence and was probably deposited in a series of shoreface sands and offshore bar complexes in the Cordillera. The Pre-Andean Foreland Basin Megasequence includes the Eocene-Oligocene Carbonera Formation which was deposited in a low every fluvial system that was mud dominated. Within the Carbonera Formation, a series of major, grossly coarsening upward cycles can be seen which are separated by maximum flooding surfaces that approximate to time lines. These cycles correspond to the early phases of development of the Central Cordillera with each pulse being seen as an influx of coarser clastics to the basin. The deformation style in the Eastern Cordillera is a mixture of thin-skinned thrust structures and the inversion of the thick-skinned basement involved extension faults. The inversion structures include the Cuisana field, a giant oil and gas-condensate discovery.

  15. Molecular evidence of Pleistocene bidirectional faunal exchange between1 Europe and the Near East: the case of the bicolored shrew (Crocidura2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Nadir

    ; this expansion was not observed for the eastern clade. We10 hypothesise that the western population was confined to a small Italo-Balkanic refugium,11 whereas the eastern population subsisted in several refugia along and the Italo-Balkanic region in the east (e.g., Thorpe, 1984; Ferris et8 al., 1993, 1998; Dumolin-Lapegue et al

  16. Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . To illustrate this issue, a web map service enabling "geolocalized life cycle assessment" of offshore wind farms makers in assess- ing the global environmental impacts caused by an offshore wind farm in Northern Europe of configurations and locations of offshore wind farms. A special interest is given to Northern Europe as offshore

  17. Slumping Economy Reduces Sawlog Prices In Europe And North America to Lowest Levels in Five Years, Reports The Wood Resource Quarterly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slumping Economy Reduces Sawlog Prices In Europe And North America to Lowest Levels in Five Years Europe. Finnish sawmills currently have some of the highest wood raw-material costs of all countries regular updates of the latest developments in international timber, pulp, lumber and biomass markets

  18. http://news.mongabay.com/2005/1122-wwf.html Illegal timber trade in Europe driving global forest loss and poverty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    http://news.mongabay.com/2005/1122-wwf.html Illegal timber trade in Europe driving global forest by the European Union, the illegal timber trade in Europe could contribute to large-scale depletion of timber imports roughly 20 million cubic metres of illegal timber from these regions annually. As a result, the EU

  19. Applying Geospatial Semantic Array Programming for a Reproducible Set of Bioclimatic Indices in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caudullo, Giovanni

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bioclimate-driven regression analysis is a widely used approach for modelling ecological niches and zonation. Although the bioclimatic complexity of the European continent is high, a particular combination of 12 climatic and topographic covariates was recently found able to reliably reproduce the ecological zoning of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) for forest resources assessment at pan-European scale, generating the first fuzzy similarity map of FAO ecozones in Europe. The reproducible procedure followed to derive this collection of bioclimatic indices is now presented. It required an integration of data-transformation modules (D-TM) using geospatial tools such as Geographic Information System (GIS) software, and array-based mathematical implementation such as semantic array programming (SemAP). Base variables, intermediate and final covariates are described and semantically defined by providing the workflow of D-TMs and the mathematical formulation following the SemAP notat...

  20. Oil Prices, Stock Markets and Portfolio Investment: Evidence from Sector Analysis in Europe over the Last Decade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the dynamic relationship between oil price variations and stock markets. The pioneering paper by Jones model with GARCH effects to American monthly data and shows a significant relationship between oil priceOil Prices, Stock Markets and Portfolio Investment: Evidence from Sector Analysis in Europe over

  1. Kolstrup, E. (1980). Climate and stratigraphy in northwestern Europe between 30 000 BP and 13 000 BP, with special reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    in vegetation and climate during the Holocene in the pre-Polar Urals, northeast European Russia. JournalKolstrup, E. (1980). Climate and stratigraphy in northwestern Europe between 30 000 BP and 13 000., Va¨liranta, M., Sarmaja-Korjonen, K., et al. (2003). Palaeoecological evidence of changes

  2. CONFIANCE, APPROBATION ET OPPOSITION : UNE APPROCHE SIMULTANEE DES DETERMINANTS DE L'OPPOSITION AUX OGM EN EUROPE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and particularly about the consumption of genetically modified foods. In this context, voluntary organizations caractérisés. ABSTRACT The emergence of genetically modified plants, in Europe, led to important debates associations and voluntary organizations on the acceptance of (and the resistance to) genetically modified

  3. A TEX86 lake record suggests simultaneous shifts in temperature in Central Europe and Greenland during the last deglaciation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    A TEX86 lake record suggests simultaneous shifts in temperature in Central Europe and Greenland years. The remarkable resemblance with the Greenland and regional stable oxygen isotope records suggests and Greenland during the last deglaciation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 948­953, doi:10.1002/grl.50181. 1

  4. Food or fuel? What European farmers can contribute to Europe's transport energy requirements and the Doha Round

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Food or fuel? What European farmers can contribute to Europe's transport energy requirements Accepted 1 September 2008 Keywords: Doha Biofuels Trade a b s t r a c t Farm support in higher income. In this paper, we argue that the advent of biofuels offers a new opportunity for agriculture to contribute

  5. Home and community composting for on-site treatment of urban organic waste: perspective for Europe and Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Home and community composting for on-site treatment of urban organic waste: perspective for Europe practice (Base Sce), this paper examines on-site UOW composting strategies using a combination of centralized composting facilities (CCF), community composting centres (CCC) and home composting (HC) (Sce 1, 2

  6. From October 10, 2007 Report of E.U. Environmental Agency on Europe's environment: Recycling and WTE are complementary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    From October 10, 2007 Report of E.U. Environmental Agency on Europe's environment: Recycling detrimental effects on public health and the environment. When comparing waste disposal options recycling and incineration with energy recovery. In contrast, countries with a medium level of landfill (25

  7. Soil erosion from sugar beet in Central Europe in response to climate change induced seasonal precipitation variations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinton, John

    of adaptive land-use management for climate change response strategies in the agricultural sector. © 2007; Conservation agriculture; Erosion modelling 1. Introduction Climate change of anthropogenic origin is widelySoil erosion from sugar beet in Central Europe in response to climate change induced seasonal

  8. The Total Solar Eclipse of August 11, 1999 To my dear friends in Europe August 10, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldvogel, Jörg

    The Total Solar Eclipse of August 11, 1999 To my dear friends in Europe August 10, 1999 I hear at the roadside North of a farm village called Ulm (about half-way between Strassburg and Rastatt). Many other), and everything was absolutely quiet. The solar corona appeared a few times, then it was covered again by moving

  9. EMC EUROPE WORKSHOP 2005, ROME, ITALY Technical Areas (11. Antennas) RF-MEMS Capacitive Series Switches of CPW & MSL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Flaviis, Franco

    EMC EUROPE WORKSHOP 2005, ROME, ITALY Technical Areas (11. Antennas) RF-MEMS Capacitive Series.P. Li and Franco De Flaviis Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University substrate (r = 7.4 and tan = 0.001) as shown in figure 1 (a) and (b). The isolation and insertion losses

  10. Carvalho, G.S., Laurent, C., Clment, P., Jourdan, D. & Berger,D. (2009) Health Education: Analysis of teachers' and future teachers' conceptions from 16 countries in Europe, Africa and Middle East. In: M.T.Tatto (Ed.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of teachers' and future teachers' conceptions from 16 countries in Europe, Africa and Middle East. In: M teachers' conceptions from 16 countries (Europe, Africa and Middle East) Graça Carvalho*, Charline Laurent

  11. Participation in Environmental Organizations: An Empirical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; García-Valiñas, Maria A.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    USA/Australia USA Australia Western Germany Eastern Germanyeconomies of WESTERN EUROPE, USA, and AUSTRALIA in thegroup (Western Europe, USA and Australia), Latin America and

  12. A study of the loop current in the eastern Gulf of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hubertz, Jon Michael

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Loop Current in the Eastern Gulf' of Mexico Jon M. Hubertz, B, S. , University of Florida Directed by: Dr, W. D. Nowlin, Jr. A physical oceanographic survey was made in June 1966 using an instrument which measures salinity and temperature... as continuous functions of depth. Data was also gathered using Nansen casts, bathythermographs, and the geomagnetic electrokinetograph. The Loop Current was found to extend to 27'30'N with a smaller secondary loop at its northern tip. Average speeds in the 6...

  13. Oil plays in Smackover reservoirs of the eastern Gulf Coastal Plain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, E.A.; Mink, R.M.; Tew, B.H.; Kopaskamerkel, D.C.; Mann, S.D. (Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (United States))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Five Smackover (Upper Jurassic, Oxfordian) oil plays can be delineated in the eastern Gulf Coastal Plain. These include the basement ridge play, the regional peripheral fault trend play, the Mississippi interior salt basin play, the Mobile graben fault system play, and the Wiggins arch complex play. Plays are recognized by basinal position, relationships to regional structural features, and characteristic petroleum traps. Within two plays, subplays can be distinguished based on oil gravities and reservoir characteristics. Reservoirs are distinguished primarily by depositional setting and diagenetic overprint. The geology and petroleum characteristics of these plays are discussed.

  14. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Tracks Eastern Area No 3 - NM 10

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTable ofArizonaBuffaloJohns Hopkins UniversityTracks Eastern

  15. Trans-Sahara pipe line would deliver Nigeria gas to Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muenzler, M.H.

    1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bechtel has made an in-house study of a natural gas transmission line extending from Nigeria to the Mediterranean and then on into Europe. Based upon the analysis, the pipeline project appears sufficiently viable to warrant further study. Perhaps the single most important element in design of pipelines crossing international borders is the political aspects involved in constructing, owning, and operating the line. These considerations not only effect the location of the pipeline, the manner of financing and ownership, but also whether the line will be constructed. The line crosses several international boundaries, depending upon the route selected. Each route crosses Niger. Case A crosses Algeria and into Tunisia where it ultimately would cross the Strait of Sicily into Italy. Case B crosses the Niger- Algerian border and then traverses Algeria to the Mediterranean where it is planned to connect to the Segamo pipeline and to link with the pipeline network in Spain. Case C crosses the countries of Niger, Mali, Mauritania, and into Morocco, and ultimately crosses the Mediterranean Sea close to the Strait of Gibraltar. Nigeria has proven natural gas reserves estimated to range from 2.5 to 4 trillion cu m (38 to 140 tcf).

  16. IEA Energy conservation in the iron and steel industry. [US and Western Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tunnah, B.G.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The NATO Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society research program, under the auspices of the IEA, had the objectives of collecting data on material requirements and energy-consumption patterns in selected energy-intensive industries in the US and Western Europe, of identifying technologies and operating practices with the potential for energy conservation in those industries, and of recommending research projects that could lead to improved energy efficiency. The steel industry was selected for analysis and ideas for an international cooperative program were developed. Representatives from various countries conducted meetings and the form of an implementing agreement for a research and development program was finalized in December, 1980. The program includes three technical areas: hot-surface inspection, heat recovery, and coal gasification. Hot-surface inspection methods to be demonstrated are: optical, induction, electromagnetic ultrasonic, electromagnetic ultrasonic surface testing methods, and eddy current method for hot surface inspection and an infrared system (possibly). Three heat-recovery projects are: ceramic heat wheel development; demonstration of granular bed/heat pipe system for heat recovery; and demonstration of tubular ceramic recuperators. Processes in coal gasification are: converter process, gas treatment, and iron treatment. Each project is described in detail. (MCW)

  17. Scrap recycling and production of high quality steel grades in Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marique, C. [C.R.M., Liege (Belgium)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The possible deleterious effects of higher contents in tramp elements on steel properties must be well defined in order to keep them within acceptable limits. No industrial technique is presently available to remove tramp elements from steel melts. Only a strict control on the metallic input and on the scrap composition is feasible. In this matter, scrap preparation which aims at a better separation between iron and other nonferrous components, is getting more attention. A large multinational project has been initiated in Europe under the sponsorship of ECSC and of the Steel Industry to better identify the effects of residuals on steel properties and to examine potential techniques able to control tramp elements during steelmaking operations. The project has been supported and orientated by a preliminary study, reviewing the relevant published data on the tramp element influence for long and flat products. The present report is devoted to overview available information on the effects of tramp elements and to describe the targets and the content of the European megaproject on scrap recycling.

  18. Sandstone-carbonate cycles in Tensleep Formation, eastern Bighorn basin and western Powder River basin, Wyoming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rittersbacher, D.J.; Wheeler, D.M.; Horne, J.C.

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Outcrop and core study of the Tensleep Formation in the eastern Bighorn basin and western Powder River basin has revealed cyclic deposits of eolian sandstone and marine carbonate. These cycles, several meters to tens of meters thick, represent the rise and fall of sea level on the Wyoming shelf during Pennsylvanian and Early Permian time. Falling sea level was marked by development of a sharp scour surface at the base of each cycle and progradation of eolian dunes over an exposed, shallow carbonate shelf. Subsequent sea level rise resulted in the reworking of eolian sand through wave activity and burrowing organisms. Subtidal carbonates overlies the reworked eolian sands and are sandy at the base, grading upward into fossiliferous dolomite mudstones to wackestones. The sharp scour surface, normally present directly on the subtidal carbonates, indicates that erosion eliminated any regressive marine deposits by deflation to the ground-water table during shoreline progradation or by deflation related to abrupt drop in sea level. Relative sea level changes on the low-relief Wyoming shelf affected large areas during Tensleep deposition. This resulted in widespread sandstone-carbonate cycles that provide the basis for regional correlations of the Tensleep Formation throughout the eastern Bighorn basin and western Powder River basin.

  19. Coal quality trends and distribution of Title III trace elements in Eastern Kentucky coals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eble, C.F. [Kentucky Geological Survey, Lexington, KY (United States); Hower, J.C. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Center for Applied Energy Research

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The quality characteristics of eastern Kentucky coal beds vary both spatially and stratigraphically. Average total sulfur contents are lowest, and calorific values highest, in the Big Sandy and Upper Cumberland Reserve Districts. Average coal thickness is greatest in these two districts as well. Conversely, the thinnest coal with the highest total sulfur content, and lowest calorific value, on average, occurs in the Princess and Southwest Reserve Districts. Several Title III trace elements, notably arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, and nickel, mirror this distribution (lower average concentrations in the Big Sandy and Upper Cumberland Districts, higher average concentrations in the Princess and Southwest Districts), probably because these elements are primarily associated with sulfide minerals in coal. Ash yields and total sulfur contents are observed to increase in a stratigraphically older to younger direction. Several Title III elements, notably cadmium, chromium, lead, and selenium follow this trend, with average concentrations being higher in younger coals. Average chlorine concentration shows a reciprocal distribution, being more abundant in older coals. Some elements, such as arsenic, manganese, mercury, cobalt, and, to a lesser extent, phosphorus show concentration spikes in coal beds directly above, or below, major marine zones. With a few exceptions, average Title III trace element concentrations for eastern Kentucky coals are comparable with element distributions in other Appalachian coal-producing states.

  20. Pressurized Fluidized-Bed Hydroretorting of eastern oil shales. Final report, June 1992--January 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, M.J.; Mensinger, M.C.; Erekson, E.J.; Rue, D.M.; Lau, F.S. [Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, IL (United States); Schultz, C.W.; Hatcher, W.E. [Alabama Univ., University, AL (United States). Mineral Resources Inst.; Parekh, B.K. [Kentucky Univ., Lexington, KY (United States). Center for Applied Energy Research; Bonner, W.P. [Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States)

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Devonian oil shales of the Eastern United States are a significant domestic energy resource. The overall objective of the multi-year program, initiated in September 1987 by the US Department of Energy was to perform the research necessary to develop the pressurized fluidized-bed hydroretorting (PFH) process for producing oil from Eastern oil shales. The program also incorporates research on technologies in areas such as raw shale preparation, beneficiation, product separation and upgrading, and waste disposal that have the potential of improving the economics and/or environmental acceptability of recovering oil from oil shales using the PFH process. The program was divided into the following active tasks: Task 3 -- Testing of Process Improvement Concepts; Task 4 -- Beneficiation Research; Task 6 -- Environmental Data and Mitigation Analyses; and Task 9 -- Information Required for the National Environmental Policy Act. In order to accomplish all of the program objectives, tho Institute of Gas Technology (ICT), the prime contractor, worked with four other institutions: The University of Alabama/Mineral Resources Institute (MRI), the University of Alabama College of Engineering (UA), University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research (UK-CAER), and Tennessee Technological University (TTU). This report presents the work performed by IGT from June 1, 1992 through January 31, 1993.

  1. Testing of Eastern Kentucky Amburgy coal in an atmospheric fluidized-bed combustor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the third in a series of four coal reports, and describes the results of testing of an Eastern Kentucky Amburgy coal (1/4 in. x 0, 3.3% sulfur, 11% ash, 12920 Btu/lb.) in a 2 ft. 8 in. x 2 ft. 5 in., 0.75-MW AFBC. All 4 coal tests were conducted using Oregon dolomite from central Kentucky (1/8 in. x 0, 62% CaCO/sub 3/, 31% MgCO/sub 3/) as the sulfur sorbent. Results obtained from eight steady-state test runs at three different loads at a constant superficial velocity of 5.4 ft./s are presented. Operating problems encountered are described. On the basis of numbers, it was concluded that an economic re-evaluation of low-superficial-velocity fluidized beds is warranted, and that it is feasible to burn eastern Kentucky Amburgy coal efficiently in an AFBC while keeping emissions below EPA limits.

  2. Testing of Eastern Kentucky Hazard coal in an atmospheric fluidized-bed combustor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the fourth in a series of four coal reports, and describes the results of testing of an Eastern Kentucky Hazard No. 9 coal (1/4 in. x 0, 3.4% sulfur, 11% ash, 12640 Btu/lb.) in a 2 ft. 8 in. x 2 ft. 5 in., 0.75-MW AFBC. All four coal tests were conducted using Oregon dolomite from central Kentucky (1/8 in. x 0, 62% C-CO/sub 2/, 31% MgCO/sub 2/) as the sulfur sorbent. Results obtained from eight steady-state test runs at three different loads at a constant superficial velocity of 5.4 ft./s are presented. Operating problems encountered are described. On the basis of numbers, it was concluded that an economic re-evaluation of low-superficial velocity fluidized beds is warranted, and that it is feasible to burn Eastern Kentucky Hazard No. 9 coal efficiently in an AFBC while keeping emissions below EPA limits.

  3. Jurassic sequence stratigraphy of the eastern Gulf Coastal Plain: Applications to hydrocarbon exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tew, B.H.; Mancini, E.A.; Mink, R.M. (Geological Survey of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (United States))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on regional stratigraphic and sedimentologic data, three unconformity-bounded depositional sequences associated with cycles of relative sea-level change and coastal onlap are recognized for Jurassic strata in the eastern Gulf Coastal Plain area. These sequences are designated, in ascending order, the LZAGC (Lower Zuni A Gulf Coast)-3.1, the LZAGC-4.1, and the LZAGC-4.2 sequences and include Callovian through Kimmeridgian Stage strata. An understanding of the relationship of Jurassic reservoirs to sequence stratigraphy can serve as an aid to hydrocarbon exploration in the eastern gulf area. The most extensive and productive Jurassic hydrocarbon reservoirs in the study area occur within the progradational, regressive highstand deposits of the LZAGC-3.1 and LZAGC-4.1 depositional sequences. For example, the majority of Norphlet sandstone reservoirs in the onshore and offshore Alabama area are interpreted to have accumulated in eolian dune, interdune, and wadi (fluvial) depositional environments, which occurred in association with the highstand regressive system of the LZAGC-3.1 sequence. The most important Smackover reservoirs generally consist of partially to completely dolomitized ooid and peloid packstones and grainstones in the upper portion of the unit. These reservoirs occur in subtidal to supratidal, shoaling-upward carbonate mudstone to grainstone cycles in the highstand regressive system of the LZAGC-4.1 sequence. In addition, minor reservoirs that are discontinuous and not well developed are associated with the shelf margin and transgressive systems of the LZAGC-4.1.

  4. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: SOLID EARTH, VOL. 118, 119, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50117, 2013 The 2011 Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey) earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mw 7.1 Van (Eastern Turkey) earthquake J. R. Elliott,1 A. C. Copley,2 R. Holley,3 K. Scharer,4 and B to constrain the fault parameters of the Mw 7.1 2011 Van (Eastern Turkey) reverse-slip earthquake Turkey) earthquake, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 118, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50117. 1. Introduction [2

  5. Petrophysical properties of the root zone of sheeted dikes in the ocean crust: A case study from Hole ODP/IODP 1256D, Eastern Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Program) Site 1256 is located on the Cocos Plate in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean, in a 15 Ma oldPetrophysical properties of the root zone of sheeted dikes in the ocean crust: A case study from Hole ODP/IODP 1256D, Eastern Equatorial Pacific Marie Violay , Philippe A. Pezard, Benoît Ildefonse

  6. Evidence for an eolian origin for the silt-enriched soil mantles on the glaciated uplands of eastern Upper Michigan, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaetzl, Randall

    of eastern Upper Michigan, USA Randall J. Schaetzl a,, Walter L. Loope b,1 a Department of Geography, 128 Geography Building, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1117, USA b U.S. Geological Survey, P uplands in the eastern Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Previous research on this deposit, which we

  7. Banded Iron Formations from the Eastern Desert of Egypt: A new type of Ore? KHALIL, Khalil Isaac1 and EL-SHAZLY, Aley K.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Shazly, Aley

    Banded Iron Formations from the Eastern Desert of Egypt: A new type of Ore? KHALIL, Khalil Isaac1 and EL-SHAZLY, Aley K.2 1 Department of Geology, University of Alexandria, Egypt 2 Geology Department localities in an area approximately 30,000 km2 within the eastern desert of Egypt. With the exception

  8. Implementing a Time-and Location-Differentiated Cap-and-Trade Program: Flexible Nitrogen Oxide Abatement from Power Plants in the Eastern United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Abatement from Power Plants in the Eastern United States by Katherine C. Martin B.A., Physics Reed College Oxide Abatement from Power Plants in the Eastern United States by Katherine C. Martin Submitted, this work examines compliance data from coal power plants in 2002 and 2005 to estimate the effectiveness

  9. Records of the evolution of the Himalayan orogen from in situ Th-Pb ion microprobe dating of monazite: Eastern Nepal and western Garhwal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Mark

    of monazite: Eastern Nepal and western Garhwal E.J. Catlos,1 * T. Mark Harrison,1 Craig E. Manning,2 Marty-1567, USA 3 Department of Geology, Tri-Chandra Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal 4 Department rocks collected along two transects (the Dudh Kosi-Everest, eastern Nepal and the Bhagirathi River

  10. Structural geology of the Huldra Field, northern North Sea--a major tilted fault block at the eastern edge of the Horda Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fossen, Haakon

    at the eastern edge of the Horda Platform Haakon Fossena,*, Jonny Hesthammera , Tord Erlend Skeie Johansena of the Viking Graben in the northern North Sea. Unlike the rest of the Horda Platform area, the Jurassic section of the Horda Platform after relief along the eastern margin of the Viking Graben built up in early parts

  11. Geologic Controls of Hydrocarbon Occurrence in the Southern Appalachian Basin in Eastern Tennessee, Southwestern Virginia, Eastern Kentucky, and Southern West Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert D. Hatcher

    2004-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the second-year accomplishments of a three-year program to investigate the geologic controls of hydrocarbon occurrence in the southern Appalachian basin in eastern Tennessee, southwestern Virginia, eastern Kentucky, and southern West Virginia. The project: (1) employs the petroleum system approach to understand the geologic controls of hydrocarbons; (2) attempts to characterize the T-P parameters driving petroleum evolution; (3) attempts to obtain more quantitative definitions of reservoir architecture and identify new traps; (4) is working with USGS and industry partners to develop new play concepts and geophysical log standards for subsurface correlation; and (5) is geochemically characterizing the hydrocarbons (cooperatively with USGS). Second-year results include: All current milestones have been met and other components of the project have been functioning in parallel toward satisfaction of year-3 milestones. We also have been effecting the ultimate goal of the project in the dissemination of information through presentations at professional meetings, convening a major workshop in August 2003, and the publication of results. Our work in geophysical log correlation in the Middle Ordovician units is bearing fruit in recognition that the criteria developed locally in Tennessee and southern Kentucky have much greater extensibility than anticipated earlier. We have identified a major 60 mi-long structure in the western part of the Valley and Ridge thrust belt that is generating considerable exploration interest. If this structure is productive, it will be one of the largest structures in the Appalachians. We are completing a more quantitative structural reconstruction of the Valley and Ridge than has been made before. This should yield major dividends in future exploration in the southern Appalachian basin. Our work in mapping, retrodeformation, and modeling of the Sevier basin is a major component of the understanding of the Ordovician petroleum system in this region. Prior to our undertaking this project, this system was the least understood in the Appalachian basin. We have made numerous presentations, convened a workshop, and are beginning to disseminate our results in print. This project, in contrast to many if not most programs undertaken in DOE laboratories, has a major educational component wherein three Ph.D. students have been partially supported by this grant, one M.S. student partially supported, and another M.S. student fully supported by the project. These students will be well prepared for professional careers in the oil and gas industry.

  12. La distribution d'automobiles neuves en Europe est rgie par un rglement d'exemption aux rgles de la

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    La distribution d'automobiles neuves en Europe est régie par un règlement d'exemption aux règles de contexte, les concessionnaires doivent repenser leur métier de distributeurs automobiles pour transformer les menaces en opportunités. Les spéculations sur l'avenir du système de la distribution automobile en

  13. A Review of "Living with Religious Diversity in Early-Modern Europe" edited by C. Scott Dixon, Dagmar Freist, and Mark Greengrass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swann, Adam

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at the forefront. It will also serve as required reading for early modern industrial and military historians. C. Scott Dixon, Dagmar Freist, and Mark Greengrass, eds. Living with Religious Diversity in Early-Modern Europe. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing Ltd...

  14. Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation in Europe: The Case Study of European Capitals after the Heatwave of 2003. Vulnerability and Adaptation. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aivalioti, Sofia

    2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The heatwave of 2003 in Europe helped societies to understand the unexpected impacts of climate change and forced them to consider climate change adaptation in a more systematic and serious approach. Furthermore, severe events like this one showed...

  15. Multi-model ensemble simulations of tropospheric NO2 compared with GOME retrievals for the year 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    biomass burning. Over the indus- trial regions of the eastern United States, Europe andEurope, eastern China and South Africa) as well as the regions dominated by emissions from biomass

  16. A review of "The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe." by Philip S. Gorski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakub Basista

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    72 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Philip S. Gorski. The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. xviii + 249 pp. Paper $21.00. Review by JAKUB BASISTA... interpretations and suggestions and we do not seem to come closer to definite answers. Among the latter we can name the problem of the formation of the state in the early modern period in Europe. Numerous authors have taken up the challenge, and we...

  17. A review of "An Intrepid Scott: William Lithgow of Lanark's Travels in the Ottoman Lands, North Africa, and Central Europe, 1609 - 21" by Clifford Edmund Bosworth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aune, M. G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    most appropriately be found in Friends? meeting houses, rather than on the shelves of university libraries. Clifford Edmund Bosworth. An Intrepid Scot: William Lithgow of Lanark?s Travels in the Ottoman Lands, North Africa, and Central Europe, 1609... and often alone, visited continental Europe and the Mediter- ranean rim, and upon returning to Britain, published narratives of their ad- ventures. These travelers were not unusual because they traveled?many En- glish and Scots men did so at the time...

  18. A review of "Histories of Heresy in Early Modern Europe: For, Against, and Beyond Persecution and Toleration." by John Christian Laursen, ed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alisa Plant

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , ed., Histories of Heresy in Early Modern Europe: For, Against, and Beyond Persecution and Toleration. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave, Macmillan, 2002. 290 pp. Review by ALISA PLANT, TULANE UNIVERSITY. Drawing on an important but underutilized body... of source material, the articles in Histories of Heresy in Early Modern Europe set out to explore the ?ways in which the writing of history of heresy contributed to the understanding of the term and its re- lated concepts? (1) in the seventeenth...

  19. A decision-support system for sustainable urban metabolism in Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonzalez, Ainhoa, E-mail: ainhoag@yahoo.com [Trinity Centre for Biodiversity Research, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, College Green, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Donnelly, Alison, E-mail: donnelac@tcd.ie [Centre for the Environment, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin (Ireland); Jones, Mike, E-mail: mike.jones@tcd.ie [Discipline of Botany, School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin (Ireland); Chrysoulakis, Nektarios, E-mail: zedd2@iacm.forth.gr [Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas, Institute of Applied and Computational Mathematics (Greece); Lopes, Myriam, E-mail: myr@ua.pt [Departamento de Ambiente e Ordenamento and CESAM, University of Aveiro (Portugal)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Urban metabolism components define the energy and material exchanges within a city and, therefore, can provide valuable information on the environmental quality of urban areas. Assessing the potential impact of urban planning alternatives on urban metabolism components (such as energy, water, carbon and pollutants fluxes) can provide a quantitative estimation of their sustainability performance. Urban metabolism impact assessment can, therefore, contribute to the identification of sustainable urban structures with regards, for example, to building types, materials and layout, as well as to location and capacity of transportation and infrastructural developments. In this way, it enables the formulation of planning and policy recommendations to promote efficient use of resources and enhance environmental quality in urban areas. The European FP7 project BRIDGE (sustainaBle uRban plannIng Decision support accountinG for urban mEtabolism) has developed a decision-support system (DSS) that systematically integrates urban metabolism components into impact assessment processes with the aim of accurately quantifying the potential effects of proposed planning interventions. The DSS enables integration of multiple spatial and non-spatial datasets (e.g. physical flows of energy and material with variables of social and economic change) in a systematic manner to obtain spatially defined assessment results and to thus inform planners and decision-makers. This multi-criteria approach also enables incorporation of stakeholders' perceptions in order to prioritise decisive assessment criteria. This paper describes the methodological framework used to develop the DSS and critically examines the results of its practical application in five European cities. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Urban metabolism in sustainability assessment of planning alternatives. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer European FP7 project applied to 5 real life case studies across Europe. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Decision support system enables incorporating scientific knowledge into planning. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Scale, data availability and stakeholder representativeness limit its application.

  20. Energy-efficient technologies in Europe: A difficult but promising market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roturier, J.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is based in part on a 1993 study through the European Community (EC) SAVE/PACE Program to provide: (1) A survey of the present power load and annual electricity consumption of Office Technology (OT) within the EC territory. (2) An assessment of the conservation potential possible when energy-efficient technologies are implemented by the manufacturers. (3) An analysis of means of a quick dissemination of these technologies. The study, supported by several national energy management agencies and performed within the {open_quotes}OT3E{close_quotes} Task Force, was made possible thanks to cooperation between scientists, manufacturers` representatives, and engineers. The final report, entitled {open_quotes}Energy-Efficient Office Technologies in Europe,{close_quotes} submitted in early 1994, provides the main conclusions: (1) OT power load and electricity consumption are so high that a `laissez-faire` policy will soon be unaffordable. (2) The technology to ensure energy-efficient use of office equipment has arrived, and will steadily grow and improve. (3) Since evidence indicates that the OT market is a world-wide market, it is recommended to implement an international labelling program in the near future. (4) They suggest that all mains-powered office equipment, especially that in information technology (IT) systems, should be designed and built as if it had access only to the limited power supplies of a battery-operated device, i.e., having automatic power management capability, controlled by use. (5) They insist on the need to define and operate policies not only in the office equipment area, but more generally, in the information and communication technologies sector as a whole. However, the definition and implementation of a European policy in this area is still not easy. In the short term, large efforts must be conducted on a national basis since these policies differ one country to another, depending on the involvement of policy makers.

  1. Melting of the Patagonian Ice Sheet and deglacial perturbations of the nitrogen cycle in the eastern South Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    onset was not caused by an increase in local primary productivity, nor by ventilation changes occurring to a collapse of the thermocline ventilation occurred at the mid-latitude subduction region of the eastern South in the intensity of the OMZ, related to the ventilation of the Subantarctic Mode Water (SAMW) that forms

  2. Development and transfer of conservation agriculture production systems (CAPS) for small-holder farms in eastern Uganda and western Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norton, Jay B.

    -holder farms in eastern Uganda and western Kenya A proposal submitted to the SANREM CRSP Phase IV Long University, P.O. Box 1125 - 30100 Eldoret, Kenya Email: rokalebo@yahoo.com Tel: +254-(0)53-2063160 Fax: +254-00200 Nairobi, Kenya Email: emukhwan@uwyo.edu Tel: 307-460-1520 Fax: 307-766-6403 Emmanuel Omondi, Director

  3. Deep-Sea Research I 51 (2004) 12451274 Carbon fluxes through food webs of the eastern equatorial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, George

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deep-Sea Research I 51 (2004) 1245­1274 Carbon fluxes through food webs of the eastern equatorial inverse and network analyses to examine food web interactions at 0 , 140 W during EqPac time approach allowed us to trace the pathway of fixed carbon through a representative food web

  4. Tornadoes over complex terrain: an analysis of the 28th August 1999 tornadic event in eastern Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero, Romu

    Tornadoes over complex terrain: an analysis of the 28th August 1999 tornadic event in eastern Spain Fi´sica, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca 07071, Spain b Instituto Nacional de Meteorologi´a, Centre Meteorolo`gic a les Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca, Spain c IMEDEA, UIB-CSIC, Palma de

  5. Timing of granite emplacement and cooling in the SongpanGarze^ Fold Belt (eastern Tibetan Plateau) with tectonic implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timing of granite emplacement and cooling in the Songpan­Garze^ Fold Belt (eastern Tibetan Plateau Abstract New U­Pb and Rb­Sr geochronology on syn- and post-orogenic granites provide constraints on the timing of major tectonic events in the Songpan­Garze^ fold belt, west Sichuan, China. The Ma Nai granite

  6. Projected impacts of climate change on species distribution in the Acadian Forest region of eastern Nova Scotia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .e., hydrological cycle and earth- sun geometry. Growing degree days and mean air temperature are basedProjected impacts of climate change on species distribution in the Acadian Forest region of eastern on processing remote sensing data, mean air temperatures serves as one of several inputs to model calculation

  7. Environmental links to interannual variability in shellfish toxicity in Cobscook Bay and eastern Maine, a strongly tidally mixed coastal region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Townsend, David W.

    Environmental links to interannual variability in shellfish toxicity in Cobscook Bay and eastern e i n f o Keywords: Harmful algal blooms Gulf of Maine Cobscook Bay Shellfish toxicity a b s t r a c of Cobscook Bay, where strong tidal mixing tends to reduce seasonal variability in oceanographic properties

  8. The Corossol structure: A possible impact crater on the seafloor of the northwestern Gulf of St. Lawrence, Eastern Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Lawrence, Eastern Canada Patrick LAJEUNESSE1* , Guillaume ST-ONGE2 , Jacques LOCAT3 , Mathieu J. DUCHESNE4 de geographie, Universite Laval, Quebec City, Quebec G1V 0A6, Canada 2 Canada Research Chair, Rimouski, Quebec G5L 3A1, Canada 3 Departement de geologie et de genie geologique, Universite Laval, Quebec

  9. A comparative molecular analysis of water-filled limestone sinkholes in north-eastern Mexicoemi_2324 226..240

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Science and Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO 80401, USA. 2 Department of geological. Summary Sistema Zacatón in north-eastern Mexico is host to several deep, water-filled, anoxic, karstic (Huber et al., 2007) and soil (Roesch et al., 2007) samples. Comparative methods that exploit the large

  10. SOLAS Mid Term Strategy Initiative "Air-sea gas fluxes at Eastern boundary upwelling and Oxygen Minimum Zone (OMZ) systems"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 SOLAS Mid Term Strategy Initiative "Air-sea gas fluxes at Eastern boundary upwelling and Oxygen Lachkar, ETH Zurich, Suisse Parv Suntharalingam, UEA, UK Martin Hernandez Ayon, UABC, Mexico +of course of SOLAS and to the Workshop Véronique Garçon 09:50 Surface (energy and water) fluxes at the air

  11. Hindcast of oil-spill pollution during the Lebanon crisis in the Eastern Mediterranean, JulyAugust 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgiou, Georgios

    Hindcast of oil-spill pollution during the Lebanon crisis in the Eastern Mediterranean, July, Athens, Greece a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Lebanese oil-pollution event Oil-spill modeling Oceanography Network http://www.moon-oceanforecasting.eu) pro- vides near-real-time information on oil

  12. OE Issues Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Plains & Eastern Clean Line Transmission Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On December 21, 2012, DOE’s Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) issued a Notice of Intent (NOI) to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Plains & Eastern Clean Line Transmission Project on behalf of the Department and Southwestern Power Administration

  13. The Neoproterozoic Keraf Suture in NE Sudan: Sinistral Transpression along the Eastern Margin of West Gondwana1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    The Neoproterozoic Keraf Suture in NE Sudan: Sinistral Transpression along the Eastern Margin Sudan remains poorly under-2 University of Houston Department of Geosciences, Hous- stood because of its Geological Research Authority of the Sudan, Regional Ge- ology Administration, Box 410, Khartoum, Sudan

  14. Sequence Stratigraphy of the Dakota Sandstone, Eastern San Juan Basin, New Mexico, and its Relationship to Reservoir Compartmentalization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Varney, Peter J.

    2002-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This research established the Dakota-outcrop sequence stratigraphy in part of the eastern San Juan Basin, New Mexico, and relates reservoir quality lithologies in depositional sequences to structure and reservoir compartmentalization in the South Lindrith Field area. The result was a predictive tool that will help guide further exploration and development.

  15. Did biological activity in the Ionian Sea change after the Eastern Mediterranean Transient? Results from the analysis of remote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , characterize and predict the effect of climate changes on the relevant aspects of ecosystem dynamics. Estimates of the supposed climate change. [4] Only two significantly long time series of remote sensing data in the visibleDid biological activity in the Ionian Sea change after the Eastern Mediterranean Transient? Results

  16. STUDIES IN NEOTROPICAL PALEOBOTANY. XV. A MIO-PLIOCENE PALYNOFLORA FROM THE EASTERN CORDILLERA, BOLIVIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE UPLIFT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gregory-Wodzicki, Kathryn M.

    , BOLIVIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE UPLIFT HISTORY OF THE CENTRAL ANDES 1 Alan Graham2,4 , Kathryn M. Gregory Solomon and Michael Nee for information on the modern vegetation of Bolivia; Gary W. Barker and Gordon D Pislepampa locality of E. W. Berry, Eastern Cordillera, Bolivia, adds considerably to our knowledge of three

  17. Observations of Stratocumulus Clouds and Their Effect on the Eastern Pacific Surface Heat Budget along 208S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuter, Sandra

    of cloud properties and drizzle statistics, and the effect of stratocumulus clouds on surface radiationObservations of Stratocumulus Clouds and Their Effect on the Eastern Pacific Surface Heat Budget gradients in boundary layer and cloud vertical structure, surface radiation and cloud radiative forcing

  18. Study of Reservoir Heterogencities and Structural Features Affecting Production in the Shallow Oil Zone, Eastern Elk Hills Area, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janice Gillespie

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Late Neogene (Plio-Pleistocene) shallow marine strata of the western Bakersfield Arch and Elk Hills produce hydrocarbons from several different reservoirs. This project focuses on the shallow marine deposits of the Gusher and Calitroleum reservoirs in the Lower Shallow Oil Zone (LSOZ). In the eastern part of the study area on the Bakersfield Arch at North and South Coles Levee field and in two wells in easternmost Elk Hills, the LSOZ reservoirs produce dry (predominantly methane) gas. In structurally higher locations in western Elk Hills, the LSOZ produces oil and associated gas. Gas analyses show that gas from the eastern LSOZ is bacterial and formed in place in the reservoirs, whereas gas associated with oil in the western part of the study area is thermogenic and migrated into the sands from deeper in the basin. Regional mapping shows that the gas-bearing LSOZ sands in the Coles Levee and easternmost Elk Hills area are sourced from the Sierra Nevada to the east whereas the oil-bearing sands in western Elk Hills appear to be sourced from the west. The eastern Elk Hills area occupied the basin depocenter, farthest from either source area. As a result, it collected mainly low-permeability offshore shale deposits. This sand-poor depocenter provides an effective barrier to the updip migration of gases from east to west. The role of small, listric normal faults as migration barriers is more ambiguous. Because our gas analyses show that the gas in the eastern LSOZ reservoirs is bacterial, it likely formed in-place near the reservoirs and did not have to migrate far. Therefore, the gas could have been generated after faulting and accumulated within the fault blocks as localized pools. However, bacterial gas is present in both the eastern AND western parts of Elk Hills in the Dry Gas Zone (DGZ) near the top of the stratigraphic section even though the measured fault displacement is greatest in this zone. Bacterial gas is not present in the west in the deeper LSOZ which has less measured fault displacement. The main difference between the DGZ and the LSOZ appears to be the presence of a sandpoor area in the LSOZ in eastern Elk Hills. The lack of permeable migration pathways in this area would not allow eastern bacterial gas to migrate farther updip into western Elk Hills. A similar sand-poor area does not appear to exist in the DGZ but future research may be necessary to verify this.

  19. Primary oil-shale resources of the Green River Formation in the eastern Uinta Basin, Utah

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trudell, L.G.; Smith, J.W.; Beard, T.N.; Mason, G.M.

    1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Resources of potential oil in place in the Green River Formation are measured and estimated for the primary oil-shale resource area east of the Green River in Utah's Uinta Basin. The area evaluated (Ts 7-14 S, Rs 19-25 E) includes most of, and certainly the best of Utah's oil-shale resource. For resource evaluation the principal oil-shale section is divided into ten stratigraphic units which are equivalent to units previously evaluated in the Piceance Creek Basin of Colorado. Detailed evaluation of individual oil-shale units sampled by cores, plus estimates by extrapolation into uncored areas indicate a total resource of 214 billion barrels of shale oil in place in the eastern Uinta Basin.

  20. Land-cover Classification and Mapping for Eastern Himalayan State Sikkim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradhan, Ratika; Bhusan, Ashish; Pradhan, Ronak K; Ghose, M K

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Area of classifying satellite imagery has become a challenging task in current era where there is tremendous growth in settlement i.e. construction of buildings, roads, bridges, dam etc. This paper suggests an improvised k-means and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) classifier for land-cover mapping of Eastern Himalayan state Sikkim. The improvised k-means algorithm shows satisfactory results compared to existing methods that includes k-Nearest Neighbor and maximum likelihood classifier. The strength of the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) classifier lies in the fact that they are fast and have good recognition rate and it's capability of self-learning compared to other classification algorithms has made it widely accepted. Classifier based on ANN shows satisfactory and accurate result in comparison with the classical method.

  1. Examination of eastern oil shale disposal problems - the Hope Creek field study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koppenaal, D.W.; Kruspe, R.R.; Robl, T.L.; Cisler, K.; Allen, D.L.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A field-based study of problems associated with the disposal of processed Eastern oil shale was initiated in mid-1983 at a private research site in Montgomery County, Kentucky. The study (known as the Hope Creek Spent Oil Shale Disposal Project) is designed to provide information on the geotechnical, revegetation/reclamation, and leachate generation and composition characteristics of processed Kentucky oil shales. The study utilizes processed oil shale materials (retorted oil shale and reject raw oil shale fines) obtained from a pilot plant run of Kentucky oil shale using the travelling grate retort technology. Approximately 1000 tons of processed oil shale were returned to Kentucky for the purpose of the study. The study, composed of three components, is described. The effort to date has concentrated on site preparation and the construction and implementation of the field study research facilities. These endeavors are described and the project direction in the future years is defined.

  2. Updated Eastern Interconnect Wind Power Output and Forecasts for ERGIS: July 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pennock, K.

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AWS Truepower, LLC (AWST) was retained by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to update wind resource, plant output, and wind power forecasts originally produced by the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study (EWITS). The new data set was to incorporate AWST's updated 200-m wind speed map, additional tall towers that were not included in the original study, and new turbine power curves. Additionally, a primary objective of this new study was to employ new data synthesis techniques developed for the PJM Renewable Integration Study (PRIS) to eliminate diurnal discontinuities resulting from the assimilation of observations into mesoscale model runs. The updated data set covers the same geographic area, 10-minute time resolution, and 2004?2006 study period for the same onshore and offshore (Great Lakes and Atlantic coast) sites as the original EWITS data set.

  3. Tribal Wind Assessment by the Eastern Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pete, Belvin; Perry, Jeremy W.; Stump, Raphaella Q.

    2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tribes, through its consultant and advisor, Distributed Generation Systems (Disgen) -Native American Program and Resources Division, of Lakewood CO, assessed and qualified, from a resource and economic perspective, a wind energy generation facility on tribal lands. The goal of this feasibility project is to provide wind monitoring and to engage in preproject planning activities designed to provide a preliminary evaluation of the technical, economic, social and environmental feasibility of developing a sustainable, integrated wind energy plan for the Eastern Shoshone and the Northern Arapahoe Tribes, who resides on the Wind River Indian Reservation. The specific deliverables of the feasibility study are: 1) Assessments of the wind resources on the Wind River Indian Reservation 2) Assessments of the potential environmental impacts of renewable development 3) Assessments of the transmission capacity and capability of a renewable energy project 4) Established an economic models for tribal considerations 5) Define economic, cultural and societal impacts on the Tribe

  4. Pressurized fluidized-bed hydroretorting of Eastern oil shales. Annual report, June 1991--May 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, M.J.; Mensinger, M.C.; Rue, D.M.; Lau, F.S. [Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, IL (United States); Schultz, C.W. [Alabama Univ., University, AL (United States); Parekh, B.K. [Kentucky Univ., Lexington, KY (United States); Misra, M. [Nevada Univ., Reno, NV (United States); Bonner, W.P. [Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States)

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Devonian oil shales of the Eastern United States are a significant domestic energy resource. The overall objective of the multi-year program, initiated in October 1987 by the US Department of Energy is to perform the research necessary to develop the Pressurized Fluidized-Bed Hydroretorting (PFH) process for producing oil from Eastern oil shales. The program also incorporates research on technologies in areas such as raw shale preparation, beneficiation, product separation, and waste disposal that have the potential of improving the economics and/or environmental acceptability of recovering oil from oil shales using the PFH process. The results of the original 3-year program, which was concluded in May 1991, have been summarized in a four-volume final report published by IGT. DOE subsequently approved a 1-year extension to the program to further develop the PFH process specifically for application to beneficiated shale as feedstock. Studies have shown that beneficiated shale is the preferred feedstock for pressurized hydroretorting. The program extension is divided into the following active tasks. Task 3. testing of process improvement concepts; Task 4. beneficiation research; Task 5. operation of PFH on beneficiated shale; Task 6. environmental data and mitigation analyses; Task 7. sample procurement, preparation, and characterization; and Task 8. project management and reporting. In order to accomplish all the program objectives, the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT), the prime contractor, worked with four other institutions: the University of Alabama/Mineral Resources Institute (MRI), the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research (UK-CAER), the University of Nevada (UN) at Reno, and Tennessee Technological University (TTU). This report presents the work performed during the program extension from June 1, 1991 through May 31, 1992.

  5. Intergrated study of the Devonian-age black shales in eastern Ohio. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, J.D.; Struble, R.A.; Carlton, R.W.; Hodges, D.A.; Honeycutt, F.M.; Kingsbury, R.H.; Knapp, N.F.; Majchszak, F.L.; Stith, D.A.

    1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This integrated study of the Devonian-age shales in eastern Ohio by the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological Survey is part of the Eastern Gas Shales Project sponsored by the US Department of Energy. The six areas of research included in the study are: (1) detailed stratigraphic mapping, (2) detailed structure mapping, (3) mineralogic and petrographic characterization, (4) geochemical characterization, (5) fracture trace and lineament analysis, and (6) a gas-show monitoring program. The data generated by the study provide a basis for assessing the most promising stratigraphic horizons for occurrences of natural gas within the Devonian shale sequence and the most favorable geographic areas of the state for natural gas exploration and should be useful in the planning and design of production-stimulation techniques. Four major radioactive units in the Devonian shale sequence are believed to be important source rocks and reservoir beds for natural gas. In order of potential for development as an unconventional gas resource, they are (1) lower and upper radioactive facies of the Huron Shale Member of the Ohio Shale, (2) upper Olentangy Shale (Rhinestreet facies equivalent), (3) Cleveland Shale Member of the Ohio Shale, and (4) lower Olentangy Shale (Marcellus facies equivalent). These primary exploration targets are recommended on the basis of areal distribution, net thickness of radioactive shale, shows of natural gas, and drilling depth to the radioactive unit. Fracture trends indicate prospective areas for Devonian shale reservoirs. Good geological prospects in the Devonian shales should be located where the fracture trends coincide with thick sequences of organic-rich highly radioactive shale.

  6. Investigating organizational quality improvement systems, patient empowerment, organizational culture, professional involvement and the quality of care in European hospitals: the 'Deepening our Understanding of Quality Improvement in Europe (DUQuE)' project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    our Understanding of Quality Improvement in Europe (DUQuE)’A: Evaluating the quality of medical care. Milbank Q 2005,MJ: Connections between quality measurement and improvement.

  7. Radiocarbon in particulate matter from the eastern sub-arctic Pacific Ocean; evidence of a source of terrestrial carbon to the deep sea.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Druffel, Ellen R M; Honju, Susumu; Griffin, Sheila; Wong, C S

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EASTERN SUB-ARCTIC PACIFIC OCEAN: EVIDENCE OF A SOURCEfrom the deep Northeast Pacific Ocean. Due to the largeMap of the North Pacific Ocean (after Favorite, Dodimead &

  8. Questions of protohistoric territorial heritage through the settlement systems during the Iron Age: a case study of the eastern Languedoc (France)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    : a case study of the eastern Languedoc (France) NUNINGER, Laure Laboratory of Chrono-Ecology (National to emphasize how a methodological approach can impact our global perception of the protohistoric territorial

  9. Effects of four chitin synthesis inhibitors on feeding and mortality of the Eastern subterranean termite, Reticulitermes flavipes Kollar (Isoptera:Rhinotermitidae) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vahabzadeh, Rebecca D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study measured changes in feeding and mortality of the Eastern subterranean termite, Reticulitermes flavipes when exposed to diets treated with one of four chitin synthesis inhibitors including; diflubenzuron, ...

  10. Differential survival and reproduction of mid-western and southeastern eastern wild turkey broodstocks reintroduced into the Post Oak Savannah of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorne, John Karl

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Objectives of this study were to evaluate differences in survival and reproduction between mid-western and southeastern eastern wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo silvestris) broomsticks used in restoration efforts in the Post Oak Savannah of Texas...

  11. Settlement patterns in the eastern coast of Maracaibo Lake, Venezuela : evaluation of existing settlements and model for a low income sector of El Menito new town

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez Navas, Humberto José

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is divided in two parts; The First part is the physical analysis of residential settlements in the Eastern Coast of Maracaibo Lake, Venezuela. The work is based on surveys, evaluations and comparisons of four ...

  12. Aspect as the Source of Diathesis in North-Eastern Neo-Aramaic and Beyond with Remarks on Transitivity, Accusativity, Ergativity and Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -Eastern Neo-Aramaic (NENA), its dialects originate mainly in Kurdistan (currently shared between Turkey, Iraq hand some 20 thousand Jews, most of whom call it Aramaic save those of Northwestern Iraqi Kurdistan

  13. The challenges of a water system management handover in eastern Ethiopia : from the United Nations Refugee Agency to a local community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Christophe (Christopher J.)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the height of a political crisis in the late 1980s, hundreds of thousands of Somali refugees crossed into eastern Ethiopia. A humanitarian crisis soon unfolded as water was in short supply in the arid region. In ...

  14. The nature of transition from adakitic to non-adakitic magmatism in a slab window setting: A synthesis from the eastern Pontides, NE Turkey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eyuboglu, Yener

    The eastern Pontides orogenic belt provides a window into continental arc magmatism in the Alpine–Himalayan belt. The late Mesozoic–Cenozoic geodynamic evolution of this belt remains controversial. Here we focus on the ...

  15. Weathering the cold of `94. A review of the January 1994 energy supply disruptions in the Eastern United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines the causes of and responses to the very low temperatures over a wide region of the Eastern US causing unprecedented sustained demand for energy during the week of January 16--22, 1994. The topics of the report include the vagaries of the weather, the North American power supply structure, a chronology of major events of January, natural gas industry operations during peak demand periods, and recommendations for fuel supply, load forecasting, and energy emergency response exercises.

  16. Cliffs Minerals, Inc. Eastern Gas Shales Project, Ohio No. 6 series: Gallia County. Phase II report. Preliminary laboratory results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy is funding a research and development program entitled the Eastern Gas Shales Project designed to increase commercial production of natural gas in the eastern United States from Middle and Upper Devonian Shales. On September 28, 1978 the Department of Energy entered into a cooperative agreement with Mitchell Energy Corporation to explore Devonian shale gas potential in Gallia County, Ohio. Objectives of the cost-sharing contract were the following: (1) to select locations for a series of five wells to be drilled around the periphery of a possible gas reservoir in Gallia County, Ohio; (2) to drill, core, log, case, fracture, clean up, and test each well, and to monitor production from the wells for a five-year period. This report summarizes the procedures and results of core characterization work performed at the Eastern Gas Shales Project Core Laboratory on core retrieved from the Gallia County EGSP wells, designated OH No. 6/1, OH No. 6/2, OH No. 6/3, OH No. 6/4, and OH No. 6/5. Characterization work performed includes photographic logs, fracture logs, measurements of core color variation, and stratigraphic interpretation of the cored intervals. In addition the following tests were performed by Michigan Technological University to obtain the following data: directional ultrasonic velocity; directional tensile strength, strength in point load; trends of microfractures; and hydraulic fracturing characteristics.

  17. A review of "Individuals, Familes, and Communities in Europe, 1200-1800: The Urban Foundations of Western Society" by Katherine A. Lynch.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alisa Plant

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , The Jesuits and the Thirty Years War confirms Robert Bireley?s reputation as one of the most skilled early modernists in North America. Katherine A. Lynch. Individuals, Families, and Communities in Europe, 1200?1800: The Urban Foundations of Western Society.... Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003. xiii + 250 pp. $65.00. Review by ALISA PLANT, TULANE UNIVERSITY. REVIEWS 273 As its title makes plain, this is an ambitious book. Attempting to encompass the whole of Western Europe over the longue dur?e in a...

  18. Depositional environments, lithofacies types, and reservoir development of the Permian Khuff Formation in Eastern Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Jallal, I.A. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Later Permian carbonates and evaporites of the Khuff Formation contain considerable amounts of gas in Ghawar field, eastern Saudi Arabia. Sedimentary structures, textures, and grain types were used to interpret the depositional environments and to define the different lithofacies types which determine the original reservoir face is distribution within this 1,500-ft-thick formation. There are three major depositional environments: subtidal, intertidal, and sabkha. Locally, these include shoals, belts, bars, bays, lagoons, ponds, tidal channels, sabkha. Locally, these include shoals, belts, bars, bays, lagoons, ponds, tidal channels, sabkha islands, and sabkha pans. Tidal flooding and storms are represented. These environments represent four major transgressive-regressive cycles, which conform to four Khuff units: Khuff A, B, C and D (from youngest to oldest). Transgressive phases (subtidal), with lithofacies of grainstones and horizontally burrowed mudstones usually comprise the reservoir facies. The regressive phases (intertidal and sabkha) with lithofacies of anhydritic mudstones and anhydrites, usually seal the Khuff reservoirs. Later disappearance of reservoir facies are due to deposition or diagenesis. Depositionally, the lateral change in facies may occur, for example, from a non-reservoir anhydrite and mudstone facies to a reservoir grainstone facies, or from a non-reservoir anhydritic mudstones to a reservoir burrowed-mudstone facies. Diagenetically, ooid grainstones may be greatly cemented by anhydrite. A combination of dolomitization and leaching may create intercrystalline porosity in mudstone. Leaching creates poorly connected moldic porosity in grainstones because the resulting calcite cement plugs the interparticle porosity.

  19. Geologic constraints to fluid flow in the Jurassic Arab D reservoir, eastern Saudi Arabia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laing, J.E. (Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A giant oil field located in eastern Saudi Arabia has produced several billion barrels of 37{degree} API oil from fewer than 100 wells. The Upper Jurassic Arab Formation is the main producing unit, and is made up of a series of upward-shoaling carbonate and anhydrite members. Porous carbonates of the Arab D member make up the principle oil reservoir, and overlying Arab D anhydrite provides the seal. Principal reservoir facies are stromatoporoid-coral and skeletal grainstones. Reservoir drive is currently provided by flank water injection. Despite more than 30 years of flank water injection (1.5 billion bbl) into the northern area of the field, a thick oil column remains in the Arab D reservoir. Geological factors which affect fluid flow in this area are (1) a downdip facies change from permeable skeletal-stromatoporoid limestone to less permeable micritic limestone, (2) vertical permeability barriers resulting from shoaling-upward cycles, (3) a downdip tar mat, (4) dolomite along the flanks in the upper portion of the reservoir, (5) highly permeable intervals within the skeletal-stromatoporoid limestone, and (6) an updip, north to south facies change from predominantly stromatoporoid-coral grainstone to skeletal grainstone. These factors are considered in reservoir modeling, simulation studies, and planning locations for both water injection and producer wells.

  20. Petrophysical characterization of the Carito Norte, Mulata and Carito fields, Norte de Monagas, Eastern Venezuela

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Porras, J.C. [Corpoven, S.A., Puerto La Cruz (Venezuela); De J. Valle, [Amoco Production Company, Tulsa, OK (United States)

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Norte de Monagas trend is located in the Eastern Venezuelan Basin and is characterized by high temperature, high initial pressure and production rates, variable PVT properties, GORs, and asphaltene content, and the presence of a tar mat at the base of the oil column. These reservoirs were petrophysically characterized through the integration of core and log data. Productive sands are composed of very coarse- to medium-grained sands deposited primarily in deltaic to shallow marine environments. These sands are quartz-rich, with clay matrix averaging 3% in the Oligocene and 6% in the Cretaceous. The main difference is the presence of up to 30% feldspars in the Cretaceous. Clay mineralogy is dominated by illitic material in the Cretaceous and by kaolinite in the Oligocene. Post-depositional changes dominated by cementation, mechanical compaction and subsequent dissolution processes have resulted in marked improvement or degradation of the productive characteristics of these reservoirs. Rocks were divided into four petrophysical. categories based on grain size, pore throat radius, porosity and permeability. Mercury saturation vs. mercury saturation over capillary pressure plots show the dominant interconnected pore system which controls flow rates is best defined by 50% saturation. Plots constructed using R50 pore aperture correlation indicate the pore throats to be macro to mega porous. Average log calculated water saturation is 14% compared with estimated from capillary pressure data of 12% at 1200{prime} above free water level, and 15% from relative permeability data. Relative permeability data indicate the rocks behave preferably as water-wet.

  1. Deep Geothermal Reservoir Temperatures in the Eastern Snake River Plain, Idaho using Multicomponent Geothermometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghanashyam Neupane; Earl D. Mattson; Travis L. McLing; Carl D. Palmer; Robert W. Smith; Thomas R. Wood

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Geological survey has estimated that there are up to 4,900 MWe of undiscovered geothermal resources and 92,000 MWe of enhanced geothermal potential within the state of Idaho. Of particular interest are the resources of the Eastern Snake River Plain (ESRP) which was formed by volcanic activity associated with the relative movement of the Yellowstone Hot Spot across the state of Idaho. This region is characterized by a high geothermal gradient and thermal springs occurring along the margins of the ESRP. Masking much of the deep thermal potential of the ESRP is a regionally extensive and productive cold-water aquifer. We have undertaken a study to infer the temperature of the geothermal system hidden beneath the cold-water aquifer of the ESRP. Our approach is to estimate reservoir temperatures from measured water compositions using an inverse modeling technique (RTEst) that calculates the temperature at which multiple minerals are simultaneously at equilibrium while explicitly accounting for the possible loss of volatile constituents (e.g., CO2), boiling and/or water mixing. In the initial stages of this study, we apply the RTEst model to water compositions measured from a limited number of wells and thermal springs to estimate the regionally extensive geothermal system in the ESRP.

  2. Effects of Aerosols on Autumn Precipitation over Mid-Eastern China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Siyu; Huang, J.; Qian, Yun; Ge, Jinming; Su, Jing

    2014-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Long-term observational data indicated a decreasing trend for the amount of autumn precipitation (i.e. 54.3 mm per decade) over Mid-Eastern China, especially after 1980s (~ 5.6% per decade). To examine the cause of the decreasing trend, the mechanisms associated with the change of autumn precipitation were investigated from the perspective of water vapor transportation, atmospheric stability and cloud microphysics. Results show that the decrease of convective available potential energy (i.e. 12.81 J kg-1/ decade) and change of cloud microphysics, which were closely related to the increase of aerosol loading during the past twenty years, were the two primary factors responsible for the decrease of autumn precipitation. Ours results showed that increased aerosol could enhance the atmospheric stability thus weaken the convection. Meanwhile, more aerosols also led to a significant decline of raindrop concentration and to a delay of raindrop formation because of smaller size of cloud droplets. Thus, increased aerosols produced by air pollution could be one of the major reasons for the decrease of autumn precipitation. Furthermore, we found that the aerosol effects on precipitation in autumn was more significant than in other seasons, partly due to the relatively more stable synoptic system in autumn. The impact of large-scale circulation dominated in autumn and the dynamic influence on precipitation was more important than the thermodynamic activity.

  3. Evaluation of the Berea sandstone formation in eastern Pike County, Kentucky

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frantz, J.H. Jr. (S.A. Holditch Associates, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)); Luffel, D. (ResTech Houston, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)); Kubik, W. (K A Energy Consultants, Tulsa, OK (United States))

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Gas Research Institute (GRI) has been sponsoring a cooperative well program with Ashland Exploration, Inc., (AEI) during the past two years targeting the Devonian Shale and Berea sandstone formations in Pike County of eastern Kentucky. Operators typically complete both the shales and Berea in one well bore in this area. This presentation summarizes the research results of the Berea cooperative well, the COOP 2 (Ashland FMC 80). The specific objectives of the Berea evaluation in the COOP 2 were to develop an integrated reservoir description for stimulation design and predicting long-term well performance, identify geologic production controls, determine the in-situ stress profile, and develop Berea log interpretation models for gas porosity and stress. To satisfy these objectives, data were collected and analyzed from 146 ft of whole core, open-hole geophysical logs, including formation microscanner and digital sonic, in-situ stress measurements, and prefracture production and pressure transient tests. In addition, data from a minifracture, a fracture stimulation treatment, and postfracture performance tests were analyzed. The authors determined the integrated reservoir/hydraulic fracture descriptions from analyzing the data collected in the open- and cased-hole, in addition to the log interpretation models developed to accurately predict gas porosity and stress profiles. Results can be applied by operators to better understand the Berea reservoir in the study area, predict well performance, and design completion procedures and stimulation treatments. The methodology can also be applied to other tight-gas sand formations.

  4. Geochemical analysis of crude oil from northern Appalachian, eastern Illinois, and southern Michigan basins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noel, J.A.; Cole, J.; Innes, C.; Juzwick, S.

    1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In May 1986, the Ohio Board of Regents awarded a research grant to Ashland College to investigate the basinal origin of crude oil through trace-element analysis. The major thrust of the project was to attempt to finger print crude oils of various ages and depths from the northern Appalachian, eastern Illinois, and southern Michigan basins, to learn if the oldest crudes may have migrated among the basins. This in turn might give a more definitive time for the separation of the three basins. Nickel to vanadium ratios, were chosen to be the discriminators. Nickel to vanadium ratios show that the Trenton oil from the fields at Lima, Ohio; Oak Harbor in Ottawa County, Ohio; Urbana, Indiana; Peru, Indiana; and Albion, Michigan, are all different. The Trempealeau oils in Harmony and Lincoln Townships, Morrow County, are similar but they are different from those in Peru and Bennington Townships. The Devonian oils of the Illinois and Appalachian basins are distinctly different. The Berea oil shows little or no variability along strike. The Mississippian oils of the Illinois basin are different from the Berea oils and the Salem oil is different from the Chester. The only thing consistent about the Clinton is its inconsistency.

  5. Geochemistry of formation waters from the Lower Silurian Clinton Formation (Albion Sandstone), eastern Ohio

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanders, L.L. (Illinois Univ., Chicago (United States))

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Waters of the petroleum-bearing Clinton formation (Albion Sandstone) of eastern Ohio are highly concentrated brines with average total dissolved solids (TDS) of 250,000 ppm. Sodium, calcium, and chloride account for 97% of the TDS. Distribution of divalent metal chlorides (MCl{sub 2}) allows inference of an up-dip paleoflow direction, although present-day flow is probably down-dip paleoflow direction, although present-day flow is probably down-dip. Solute distribution may have been emplaced during early basin development; it thus provides a snapshot of paleoflow. Formation structure alone can not explain MCl{sub 2} trends; they probably also are controlled by regional variation in salt thickness. Major constituent data do not indicate that membrane filtration affected the waters. High bromide content (mean = 1,860 ppm) of the water indicates that they originated from evaporating seawater. They probably are related genetically to the Salina evaporite group. Calculations show that several subsequent diagenetic reactions can account for the observed major ion composition. Recrystallization of aragonite and dolomitization of calcite probably occurred as the waters moved through the big Lime and/or the Packer Shell carbonates. Cation exchange and chlorite formation probably altered water composition during interaction with shales of the Cabot Head formation and within the Clinton. Minor constituents of the waters appear to be controlled by reactions with clays.

  6. Oil and gas developments in eastern and northwestern Colorado in 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ziegler, J.R.

    1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploratory drilling in eastern and northwestern Colorado increased from 423 wells in 1980 to 696 wells in 1981. The success rate for exploratory wells increased from 28.8% in 1980 to 32.5% in 1981. Development drilling increased from 678 wells in 1980 to 885 wells in 1981. In the Denver basin, 527 exploratory wells were drilled during 1981 with a success rate of 31.3%. In northwestern Colorado, 100 exploratory wells were drilled with a success rate of 48.0%, and in southeastern Colorado 69 exploratory wells had an 18.8% success rate. Total drilling in the area was up 44% from 1980 with 1581 wells drilled in 1981. The overall success rate increased from 40.7% in 1980 to 59.4% in 1981. In the Denver basin, the greatest number of discoveries was made in the Lower Cretaceous Muddy J sandstone. Lower Cretaceous Muddy D sandstone, Upper Cretaceous Sussex sandstone, Codell sandstone, and Niobrara Chalk were also primary objectives. Cretaceous objectives were the primary targets in northwestern Colorado, and Pennsylvanian Morrow sandstones were the primary objectives in southeastern Colorado.

  7. Influence of Permian salt dissolution on distribution of shallow Niobrara gas fields, eastern Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oldham, D.W.; Smosna, R.A. [West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Subsurface analysis of Permian salt and related strata in the shallow Niobrara gas area on the eastern flank of the Denver basin reveals that the location of faulted anticlines which produce gas from porous chalk is related to the occurrence of six Nippewalla Group (Leonardian) salt zones. Salt distribution is controlled by the configuration of evaporate basins during the Leonardian, truncation at a sub-Jurassic unconformity (which has completely removed Guadalupian salts), and post-Jurassic subsurface dissolution. Significant dissolution took place in response to Laramide orogeny and subsequent eastward regional groundwater flow within the Lyons (Cedar Hills) Sandstone aquifer. Initially, dissolution occurred along a regional facies change from sandstone to salt. Solution collapse allowed for cross-formational flow and removal of younger salts. Shallow Niobrara gas fields are situated above salt outliers or along regionally updip salt edges. No significant Niobrara production exists in areas where salt is absent. Structural relief across fields is related to Leonardian thickness variations, rather than subsalt offset. Seismic data reveal abrupt Leonardian thinning at the regionally updip limit of Eckley field, which has produced over 33 BCFG. Thickness of residual salt may be important in controlling the amount of gas trapped within the Niobrara. Where thick salts are preserved, structural relief is greater, the gas-water transition zone is thicker, and gas saturation is higher at the crests of faulted anticlines.

  8. Developments in eastern and northwestern Colorado in 1979. [Tabular data and map

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Root, M.R.

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploratory drilling in eastern and northwestern Colorado decreased from 574 wells in 1978 to 427 in 1979. The success rate for exploratory wells increased from 12.5% in 1978 to 20.8% in 1979. Development drilling decreased from 653 wells in 1978 to 594 in 1979. In the Denver basin, 312 exploratory wells were drilled during 1979 with 16.0% success. In northwestern Colorado, 68 exploratory wells were drilled with 47.1% success. Southeastern Colorado had a 14.9% success from 47 exploratory wells drilled. Total drilling in the area decreased from 1227 wells in 1978 to 1021 in 1979. The overall success rate increased from 47.5% in 1978 to 51.4% in 1979. Lower Cretaceous Muddy D and J sandstones, Upper Cretaceous Sussex and Shannon sandstones, and Upper Cretaceous Niobrara Chalk were the primary objectives in the Denver basin. Cretaceous and Tertiary units were the main targets in northwestern Colorado, and Paleozoic strata remained the objective in southeastern Colorado.

  9. Carboniferous tectonic history of the eastern flank of the Ozark dome

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, W.J. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign, IL (United States))

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Detailed geologic mapping in southwestern Illinois and southeastern Missouri indicates that the eastern flank of the Ozark dome was a low positive area throughout Carboniferous (Mississippian and Pennsylvanian) time. Rock units of this age consistently thin onto the flank of the dome, and are punctuated by numerous disconformities. Effects of shoaling are prominent in Chesterian strata, which change from dominantly subtidal in the proto-Illinois basin to shallow subtidal, intertidal and supratidal on the flank of the dome. Although the dome probably was exposed subaerially for much of Carboniferous time, it contributed little sediment eastward. The exposed rocks were largely carbonates, which weathered by solution. Several long-lived basement structures on the east flank of the Ozarks were active during the Carboniferous. Chief among them were the Lincoln and Waterloo-Dupo anticlines, the Du Quoin monocline, and the Ste. Genevieve fault zone. All are high-angle reverse faults that strike north to northwest, and are overlain by sharp folds in sedimentary cover. Major displacements took place in late Valmeyeran to Atokan time, and addition deformation occurred in Desmoinesian through post-Pennsylvanian time. The compressional deformation probably is a product of the Ouachita orogeny.

  10. La protection des working poor en Grande-Bretagne. Des Wages Councils au salaire minimum interprofessionnel , in, Brigitte LESTRADE, directrice de publication, Travail et Prcarit, les Working poor en Europe, Paris : l'Harmattan collection Logiques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Europe, Paris : l'Harmattan collection »Logiques Sociales », 2011, pp. 241-257. 1 hal-01018541,version1 et Précarité, les « Working poor » en Europe, Paris : l'Harmattan collection »Logiques Sociales

  11. Bookstore orders from the United Kingdom, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, India, and Pakistan and all sales enquiries should be directed to our United Kingdom distributor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    Bookstore orders from the United Kingdom, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, India, and Pakistan Kingdom Tel: +44 207 515 1011 peter@jjacques.demon.co.uk Pakistan-- Saleem A. Malik World Press 27-1 Al Firdous Avenue Faiz Road, Muslim Town Lahore 54600 Punjab, Pakistan Tel: +92 042 3588 1617 worldpress

  12. EU bids to force Japan's hand in nuclear haggle Europe is bidding to force Japan's hand in negotiations on a revolutionary nuclear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EU bids to force Japan's hand in nuclear haggle 25/11/2004 Europe is bidding to force Japan's hand in negotiations on a revolutionary nuclear energy project, by pledging to go it alone unless Japan gives over the choice of site, whether Japan or France. "The Commission will try to reach a positive

  13. Advanced power assessment for Czech lignite, Task 3.6, Part 2. The 2nd international conference on energy and environment: Transitions in East Central Europe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sondreal, E.A.; Mann, M.D.; Weber, G.W.; Young, B.C.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On November 1-5, 1994, the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) and Power Research Institute of Prague cosponsored their second conference since 1991 in the Czech Republic, entitled ``Energy and Environment: Transitions in East Central Europe.`` This conference was a continuation of the EERC`s joint commitment, initiated in 1190, to facilitate solutions to short- and long-term energy and environmental problems in East Central Europe. Production of energy from coal in an environmentally acceptable manner is a critical issue facing East Central Europe, because the region continues to rely on coal as its primary energy source. The goal of the conference was to develop partnerships between industry, government, and the research community in East Central Europe and the United States to solve energy and environmental issues in a manner that fosters economic development. Among the topics addressed at the conference were: conventional and advanced energy generation systems; economic operation of energy systems; air pollution controls; power system retrofitting and repowering, financing options; regulatory issues; energy resource options; waste utilization and disposal; and long-range environmental issues. Selected papers in the proceedings have been processed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology database.

  14. Central and Eastern United States (CEUS) Seismic Source Characterization (SSC) for Nuclear Facilities Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin J. Coppersmith; Lawrence A. Salomone; Chris W. Fuller; Laura L. Glaser; Kathryn L. Hanson; Ross D. Hartleb; William R. Lettis; Scott C. Lindvall; Stephen M. McDuffie; Robin K. McGuire; Gerry L. Stirewalt; Gabriel R. Toro; Robert R. Youngs; David L. Slayter; Serkan B. Bozkurt; Randolph J. Cumbest; Valentina Montaldo Falero; Roseanne C. Perman' Allison M. Shumway; Frank H. Syms; Martitia (Tish) P. Tuttle [Tish

    2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a new seismic source characterization (SSC) model for the Central and Eastern United States (CEUS). It will replace the Seismic Hazard Methodology for the Central and Eastern United States, EPRI Report NP-4726 (July 1986) and the Seismic Hazard Characterization of 69 Nuclear Plant Sites East of the Rocky Mountains, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Model, (Bernreuter et al., 1989). The objective of the CEUS SSC Project is to develop a new seismic source model for the CEUS using a Senior Seismic Hazard Analysis Committee (SSHAC) Level 3 assessment process. The goal of the SSHAC process is to represent the center, body, and range of technically defensible interpretations of the available data, models, and methods. Input to a probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA) consists of both seismic source characterization and ground motion characterization. These two components are used to calculate probabilistic hazard results (or seismic hazard curves) at a particular site. This report provides a new seismic source model. Results and Findings The product of this report is a regional CEUS SSC model. This model includes consideration of an updated database, full assessment and incorporation of uncertainties, and the range of diverse technical interpretations from the larger technical community. The SSC model will be widely applicable to the entire CEUS, so this project uses a ground motion model that includes generic variations to allow for a range of representative site conditions (deep soil, shallow soil, hard rock). Hazard and sensitivity calculations were conducted at seven test sites representative of different CEUS hazard environments. Challenges and Objectives The regional CEUS SSC model will be of value to readers who are involved in PSHA work, and who wish to use an updated SSC model. This model is based on a comprehensive and traceable process, in accordance with SSHAC guidelines in NUREG/CR-6372, Recommendations for Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis: Guidance on Uncertainty and Use of Experts. The model will be used to assess the present-day composite distribution for seismic sources along with their characterization in the CEUS and uncertainty. In addition, this model is in a form suitable for use in PSHA evaluations for regulatory activities, such as Early Site Permit (ESPs) and Combined Operating License Applications (COLAs). Applications, Values, and Use Development of a regional CEUS seismic source model will provide value to those who (1) have submitted an ESP or COLA for Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) review before 2011; (2) will submit an ESP or COLA for NRC review after 2011; (3) must respond to safety issues resulting from NRC Generic Issue 199 (GI-199) for existing plants and (4) will prepare PSHAs to meet design and periodic review requirements for current and future nuclear facilities. This work replaces a previous study performed approximately 25 years ago. Since that study was completed, substantial work has been done to improve the understanding of seismic sources and their characterization in the CEUS. Thus, a new regional SSC model provides a consistent, stable basis for computing PSHA for a future time span. Use of a new SSC model reduces the risk of delays in new plant licensing due to more conservative interpretations in the existing and future literature. Perspective The purpose of this study, jointly sponsored by EPRI, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the NRC was to develop a new CEUS SSC model. The team assembled to accomplish this purpose was composed of distinguished subject matter experts from industry, government, and academia. The resulting model is unique, and because this project has solicited input from the present-day larger technical community, it is not likely that there will be a need for significant revision for a number of years. See also Sponsors Perspective for more details. The goal of this project was to implement the CEUS SSC work plan for developing a regional CEUS SSC model. The work plan, formulated by the project manager and a

  15. Tectonic history and analysis of structures in eastern Kansas and western Missouri

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berendsen, P.; Wilson, F.W. (Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States). Kansas Geological Survey)

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Orogenic events in and around the midcontinent in Proterozoic time were responsible for the formation of the dominant master set of younger northeast- and older northwest-trending faults that dominate the structure of the area today. Reactivation of these faults throughout geologic time gave rise to tectonic zones consisting of sets of anastomosing faults or other complex patterns. These zones are likely important in helping to determine the configuration of major uplifts and basins that involve the crust. The Nemaha tectonic zone defines the western boundary of both the Forest City and Cherokee basins, while a structural block delineated by the Chesapeake and Bolivar-Mansfield regional faults coincides with the approximate position of the Bourbon Arch, which is reflected in the thickness of Mississippian carbonate rocks. Rocks of the Ozark uplift began to be uplifted by the end of Maquoketa time. The uplift has historically been described as a landform, rather than a geologic structure. Hence, the extent and the boundaries of the uplift are ill-defined. The northeast-trending line forming the contact between Mississippian and Pennsylvanian rocks is commonly regarded as the western boundary. This boundary coincides with a major tectonic zone, extending northeastward from Oklahoma through Kansas and Missouri into at least southern Iowa. In the Tri-State area of Kansas, Oklahoma, and Missouri the zone is referred to as the Miami trough and features prominently in the localization of major ore deposits. This zone may then also be regarded as the eastern boundary of the Forest City and Cherokee basins.

  16. Correlation between water-vapor transport from the Gulf of Mexico and precipitation in the eastern United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, John Vinson

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    precipitation inland, are very much appreciated. There is little doubt that the Gulf has a great influence on the amount and character of precipit. tion that does occur in the eastern United States, i. e. , the area generally east of the Rocky Mountains... moisture flux. Cobb found that precipitation which is signif icantly greater than normal did not occur when the flux of moisture was unusually small, and that a large moisture flux does not result in abnormally high precipitation if it is associated...

  17. Wind Regimes in Complex Terrain of the Great Valley of Eastern Tennessee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Birdwell, Kevin R [ORNL

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research was designed to provide an understanding of physical wind mechanisms within the complex terrain of the Great Valley of Eastern Tennessee to assess the impacts of regional air flow with regard to synoptic and mesoscale weather changes, wind direction shifts, and air quality. Meteorological data from 2008 2009 were analyzed from 13 meteorological sites along with associated upper level data. Up to 15 ancillary sites were used for reference. Two-step complete linkage and K-means cluster analyses, synoptic weather studies, and ambient meteorological comparisons were performed to generate hourly wind classifications. These wind regimes revealed seasonal variations of underlying physical wind mechanisms (forced channeled, vertically coupled, pressure-driven, and thermally-driven winds). Synoptic and ambient meteorological analysis (mixing depth, pressure gradient, pressure gradient ratio, atmospheric and surface stability) suggested up to 93% accuracy for the clustered results. Probabilistic prediction schemes of wind flow and wind class change were developed through characterization of flow change data and wind class succession. Data analysis revealed that wind flow in the Great Valley was dominated by forced channeled winds (45 67%) and vertically coupled flow (22 38%). Down-valley pressure-driven and thermally-driven winds also played significant roles (0 17% and 2 20%, respectively), usually accompanied by convergent wind patterns (15 20%) and large wind direction shifts, especially in the Central/Upper Great Valley. The behavior of most wind regimes was associated with detectable pressure differences between the Lower and Upper Great Valley. Mixing depth and synoptic pressure gradients were significant contributors to wind pattern behavior. Up to 15 wind classes and 10 sub-classes were identified in the Central Great Valley with 67 joined classes for the Great Valley at-large. Two-thirds of Great Valley at-large flow was defined by 12 classes. Winds flowed on-axis only 40% of the time. The Great Smoky Mountains helped create down-valley pressure-driven winds, downslope mountain breezes, and divergent air flow. The Cumberland Mountains and Plateau were associated with wind speed reductions in the Central Great Valley, Emory Gap Flow, weak thermally-driven winds, and northwesterly down sloping. Ridge-and-valley terrain enhanced wind direction reversals, pressure-driven winds, as well as locally and regionally produced thermally-driven flow.

  18. Nature of petrographic variation in Taylor-Copland Coal of middle Pennsylvanian Breathitt Formation of eastern Kentucky

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trinkle, E.J.; Hower, J.C.; Tully, D.G.; Helfrich, C.T.

    1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Taylor-Copland Coal is petrographically distinctive in that it has lowest average vitrinite content (63%) and concomitant highest inertinite (25%) and exinite (12%) of all eastern Kentucky coals. Additionally, average total sulfur is 3.4%, or nearly twice the 1.8% figure determined for all eastern Kentucky samples. Deviations from the maceral averages are equally distinctive. Particularly interesting is an areally extensive, though discontinuous, sample sequence showing significantly lower vitrinites (commonly 40%), very high inertinites (40%), and high exinite content (15-20%). The high-inertinite and high total-sulfur trends and variations for each were presumed to be related to proximity to the coal of marine lithologic units of the overlying Magoffin Member. However, it was found that maceral and possible sulfur trends are probably unrelated to roof rock variation, but are related to existence or absence of a thick durain coal lithotype toward the middle of some coal beds. Palynology reveals that spores in the durain-rich samples are poorly preserved (micrinitized), but assemblages and relative percentages of genera forming the assemblages remained unchanged from those found in high-vitrinite (durain-free) samples. Unchanged spore assemblages possibly indicate that unchanging plant communities existed through the durain-forming episode of the Taylor-Copland swamp. Rather, the effect of the durain phase on the Taylor-Copland swamp was to accelerate degradation (oxidation) of peat deposits associated with the surrounding plant community.

  19. Help for declining natural gas production seen in the unconventional sources of natural gas. [Eastern shales, tight sands, coal beds, geopressured zones

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Staats, E.B.

    1980-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Oil imports could be reduced and domestic gas production increased if additional gas production is obtained from four unconventional resources-eastern Devonian shales, tight sands, coal beds, and geopressured zones. Gas produced from these resources can help maintain overall production levels as supplies from conventional gas sources gradually decline. The eastern shales and western sands are the chief potential contributors in the near term. Further demonstrations of coal bed methane's recovery feasibility could improve the prospects for its production while future geopressured methane production remains speculative at this time.

  20. Geochemistry of the Banded Iron Formations and their Host Rocks in the Eastern Desert of Egypt BACKUS, Ethan L.1, GAGNON, Kelli E.1, EL-SHAZLY, Aley K.1, and KHALIL, Khalil Isaac2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Shazly, Aley

    Geochemistry of the Banded Iron Formations and their Host Rocks in the Eastern Desert of Egypt University, Egypt Sponsored by NSF-OISE-1004021 Session 92:T3. Sigma Gamma Epsilon Undergraduate Research over 30,000 km2 in the central Eastern Desert of Egypt. The deposits most resemble Algoma-type iron

  1. Case histories in the Europe/Africa area demonstrate improved capabilities of fiber-optic video camera technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, J.E.; Kristensen, R.; Taylor, R.W.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cost constraints in the oilfield restrict the performance of remedial services unless a high probability of success can be assured. Unfortunately, a method that could accurately diagnose wellbore problems in a broad scope of oilfield environments was not available, and until the 90`s, accuracy of problem assessment was compromised to the point that estimates of remedial success could not be determined. During the 90`s, however, a downhole video system that showed promise of providing the sought-after diagnostic accuracy for today`s operational conditions was introduced to the oilfield. With the combined capabilities of fiber-optic signal transmission and downhole video camera technology, the system can now provide the oil and gas industry with a diagnostic tool that is rapidly becoming invaluable in oilfield services and is proving the worth of the old adage, seeing is believing. This paper will present a brief overview of the use of the downhole video (DHV) camera technique from its first documented usage until early 1992. The enhancements that have been instrumental in enlarging the scope of its usage since that time will then be discussed. Case histories recorded by the video camera operation in the Europe/Africa area will be presented and analyzed to demonstrate usage and benefits of the system.

  2. The John von Neumann Institute for Computing (NIC): A survey of its supercomputer facilities and its Europe-wide computational science activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Attig

    2005-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The John von Neumann Institute for Computing (NIC) at the Research Centre Juelich, Germany, is one of the leading supercomputing centres in Europe. Founded as a national centre in the mid-eighties it now provides more and more resources to European scientists. This happens within EU-funded projects (I3HP, DEISA) or Europe-wide scientific collaborations. Beyond these activities NIC started an initiative towards the new EU member states in summer 2004. Outstanding research groups are offered to exploit the supercomputers at NIC to accelerate their investigations on leading-edge technology. The article gives an overview of the organisational structure of NIC, its current supercomputer systems, and its user support. Transnational Access (TA) within I3HP is described as well as access by the initiative for new EU member states. The volume of these offers and the procedure of how to apply for supercomputer resources is introduced in detail.

  3. A review of "The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe." by Philip S. Gorski 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakub Basista

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    72 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS Philip S. Gorski. The Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. xviii + 249 pp. Paper $21.00. Review by JAKUB BASISTA... evades the proposed model and is an exception to the general process presented. Re- cently one more analysis of the process of formation of modern European states was proposed by Philip Gorski in his excellent work on the disciplinary revolution and its...

  4. A review of "Self-Defense and Religious Strife in Early Modern Europe. England and Germany 1530-1630." by Robert von Friedeburg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul M. Dover

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Self-Defense and Religious Strife in Early Modern Europe. England and Germany 1530-1630. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002. xii + 278 pp. $99.95. Review by PAUL M. DOVER, KENNESAW STATE UNIVERSITY. With the advent of the religious controversies..., strong governmental authority, and a rigid social hierarchy, active resistance raised many dilemmas. It exercised the minds of intellectuals and common- ers alike in both Germany and the British Isles in the early modern period. Open resistance...

  5. A review of "Decentring the Renaissance: Canada and Europe in Multidisciplinary Perspective, 1500-1700." by Germaine Warkentin and Carolyn Podruchny, eds.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ty M. Reese

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Those who do will be rewarded. Germaine Warkentin and Carolyn Podruchny, eds. Decentring the Renaissance: Canada and Europe in Multidisciplinary Perspective, 1500- 1700. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001. xii + 387 pp. + 10 illus. $60....00. Review by TY M. REESE, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA. This edited collection of post-colonial ?decentring? essays re-examines early cultural interaction in Canada. The contribu- tors hope to better understand the Renaissance, and how it influ- enced initial...

  6. Welcome to Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), one of Europe's leading universities of science and technology. This Study information guide you are now consulting provides all information to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franssen, Michael

    32 Welcome Welcome to Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e), one of Europe's leading in the participating institutes. Visitors who can contribute to this goal are welcome to come to Eindhoven.1 The Netherlands and Eindhoven...................................................................................8

  7. GLOBAL WOOD SUPPLY Sten Nilsson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GLOBAL WOOD SUPPLY Sten Nilsson Biomass and Resource Efficiency: the need for a supply led approach the wood come from? Western EU Deficit Eastern EU Deficit Rest of Eastern Europe Balanced Russia Rest of Eastern Europe Balanced Russia Is probably at production ceiling under current conditions Japan

  8. Deep-SeaResearch, 1974,Vol.21,pp. 481 to 488.PergamonPress.Printed in Great Britain. Dissolved hydrocarbons in the eastern Gulf of Mexico Loop Current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iliffe, Thomas M.

    hydrocarbons in the eastern Gulf of Mexico Loop Current and the Caribbean Sea THOMASM. ILIFFE*and JOHNA. CALDER---Concentrations of dissolved non-polar hydrocarbons extracted from waters taken at several stations and depths in the Gulf THEREhave been few studies of the dissolved hydrocarbons in seawater. BLU~R (1970) reported carbon numbers

  9. 2D versus 1D ground-motion modelling for the Friuli region, north-eastern Italy1 W. Imperatori1, *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2D versus 1D ground-motion modelling for the Friuli region, north-eastern Italy1 2 W. Imperatori1 and CO2 Storage Security Division, BRGM, 3 avenue C. Guillemin, 450607 Orléans Cedex 2, France.8 9 affects ground motions, particularly in terms of peak ground velocity (PGV). The decay of PGV14

  10. Kinematics and active faults in Western Greece in the framework of Central and Eastern Mediterranean geodynamics : New insight from GPS and fieldwork

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas, Chamot-Rooke

    moving Balkans reach the Aegean Sea at the western tip of the NAF N-S directed extension on bothsideKinematics and active faults in Western Greece in the framework of Central and Eastern° 40° Southward drag of the Balkans associated to the retreat of the Hellenic slab Blocks motion

  11. Age constraints on the formation and emplacement of Neoproterozoic ophiolites along the AllaqiHeiani Suture, South Eastern Desert of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    ­Heiani Suture, South Eastern Desert of Egypt K.A. Ali a,d, , M.K. Azer b , H.A. Gahlan c , S.A. Wilde d , M., Richardson, TX 75080, USA b Geology Department, National Research Centre, Dokki-Cairo, Egypt c Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut 71516, Egypt d Department of Applied Geology

  12. The El Mayah molasse basin in the Eastern Desert of Egypt A. Shalaby a,b,*, K. Stuwe a,*, H. Fritz a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Harald

    The El Mayah molasse basin in the Eastern Desert of Egypt A. Shalaby a,b,*, K. Stu¨we a,*, H. Fritz, Austria b Department of Geology, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt Received 8 September 2004; received of kilometres of the East- ern Desert of Egypt. Its sedimentary record shows that deposition occurred in two

  13. Canopy disturbance history of old-growth Quercus alba sites in the eastern United States: Examination of long-term trends and broad-scale patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Justin

    our understanding of natural disturbance frequency, community dynamics, and changes in forest systems disturbance include changes in drought frequency and intensity, changes in anthropogenic land use (i.e. timberCanopy disturbance history of old-growth Quercus alba sites in the eastern United States

  14. The edited version was Published in 2005 In C. Miller (ed.) 2005, Land, ethnicity and political legitimacy in Eastern Sudan.Le Caire, Cedej,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    legitimacy in Eastern Sudan.Le Caire, Cedej, 375-424 The West African (Fallata) Communities in Gedaref State (W.A.) origin living in Gedaref State make up one of the most important W.A. communities in Sudan networks and ongoing ethnic clustering. While forming a Diaspora network throughout Sudan, they consider

  15. Sedimentation processes in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea during the Late Glacial and Holocene revealed by end-member modelling of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    transition from the African Humid Period to recent arid conditions. This climate change was gradualSedimentation processes in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea during the Late Glacial and Holocene and Holocene were controlled by climatic variations of both the northern high latitudes and the African climate

  16. Comparison of high-pressure CO2 sorption isotherms on Eastern and Western US coals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Romanov, V; Hur, T -B; Fazio, J; Howard, B

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Accurate estimation of carbon dioxide (CO2) sorption capacity of coal is important for planning the CO2 sequestration efforts. In this work, we investigated sorption and swelling behavior of several Eastern and Western US coal samples from the Central Appalachian Basin and from San Juan Basin. The CO2 sorption isotherms have been completed at 55°C for as received and dried samples. The role of mineral components in coal, the coal swelling, the effects of temperature and moisture, and the error propagation have been analyzed. Changes in void volume due to dewatering and other factors such as temporary caging of carbon dioxide molecules in coal matrix were identified among the main factors affecting accuracy of the carbon dioxide sorption isotherms. The (helium) void volume in the sample cells was measured before and after the sorption isotherm experiments and was used to build the volume-corrected data plots.

  17. Horizontal velocities in the central and eastern United States from GPS surveys during the 1987-1996 interval

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snay, R.A.; Strange, W.E.

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Geodetic Survey and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission jointly organized GPS surveys in 1987, 1990, 1993, and 1996 to search for crustal deformation in the central and eastern United States (east of longitude 108{degrees}W). We have analyzed the data of these four surveys in combination with VLBI data observed during the 1979-1995 interval and GPS data for 22 additional surveys observed during the 1990-1996 interval. These latter GPS surveys served to establish accurately positioned geodetic marks in various states. Accordingly, we have computed horizontal velocities for 64 GPS sites and 12 VLBI sites relative to a reference frame for which the interior of the North American plate is considered fixed on average. None of our derived velocities exceeds 6 mm/yr in magnitude. Moreover, the derived velocity at each GPS site is statistically zero at the 95% confidence level except for the site BOLTON in central Ohio and the site BEARTOWN in southeastern Pennsylvania. However, as statistical theory would allow approximately 5% of the 64 GPS sites to fall our zero-velocity hypothesis, we are uncertain whether or not these estimated velocities for BOLTON and BEARTOWN reflect actual motion relative to the North American plate. We also computed horizontal strain rates for the cells formed by a 1{degrees} by 1{degrees} grid spanning the central and eastern United States. Corresponding shearing rates are everywhere less than 60 nanoradians/yr in magnitude, and no shearing rate differs statistically from zero at the 95% confidence level except for a grid cell near BEARTOWN whose rate is 57 {+-} 26 nanoradians/yr. Also corresponding areal dilatation rates are everywhere less than 40 nanostrain/yr in magnitude, and no dilatation rate differs statistically from zero at the 95% confidence level.

  18. Fast Track Reservoir Modeling of Shale Formations in the Appalachian Basin. Application to Lower Huron Shale in Eastern Kentucky

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grujic, Ognjen; Mohaghegh, Shahab; Bromhal, Grant

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper a fast track reservoir modeling and analysis of the Lower Huron Shale in Eastern Kentucky is presented. Unlike conventional reservoir simulation and modeling which is a bottom up approach (geo-cellular model to history matching) this new approach starts by attempting to build a reservoir realization from well production history (Top to Bottom), augmented by core, well-log, well-test and seismic data in order to increase accuracy. This approach requires creation of a large spatial-temporal database that is efficiently handled with state of the art Artificial Intelligence and Data Mining techniques (AI & DM), and therefore it represents an elegant integration of reservoir engineering techniques with Artificial Intelligence and Data Mining. Advantages of this new technique are a) ease of development, b) limited data requirement (as compared to reservoir simulation), and c) speed of analysis. All of the 77 wells used in this study are completed in the Lower Huron Shale and are a part of the Big Sandy Gas field in Eastern Kentucky. Most of the wells have production profiles for more than twenty years. Porosity and thickness data was acquired from the available well logs, while permeability, natural fracture network properties, and fracture aperture data was acquired through a single well history matching process that uses the FRACGEN/NFFLOW simulator package. This technology, known as Top-Down Intelligent Reservoir Modeling, starts with performing conventional reservoir engineering analysis on individual wells such as decline curve analysis and volumetric reserves estimation. Statistical techniques along with information generated from the reservoir engineering analysis contribute to an extensive spatio-temporal database of reservoir behavior. The database is used to develop a cohesive model of the field using fuzzy pattern recognition or similar techniques. The reservoir model is calibrated (history matched) with production history from the most recently drilled wells. The calibrated model is then further used for field development strategies to improve and enhance gas recovery.

  19. How Europe is Changing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdolah, Kader

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    office. During the war, when Kurdistan was independent for ato flee Iran. Through Kurdistan, Abdolah made it into Turkey

  20. How Europe is Changing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdolah, Kader

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of religion and state. Hitler noticed it all and secretlymore Arian. Reza Khan and Hitler are brothers." The Iranianthey were the brothers of Hitler and Goebbels; however, they

  1. Job quality in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burchell, Brendan J.; Smith, Mark; Fagan, Colette; O’Brien, Catherine

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    flexibility—can also lead to enhanced job quality (Bredgaard and Larsen, 2006; CEC, 2007b), for example, in the form of autonomy and job enlargement. So far, it is only in Finland and Sweden that the Commission finds evidence of such quality workplaces being... .50** — — 1.60** Ireland 0.58** — — — — Italy — 0.73** 0.62** — 0.65** Lithuania — 0.43** — — — Luxembourg — — — — — Latvia — 0.60** 1.38** — 1.50** Netherlands 1.57** 1.83** — 0.38** — Malta — — — — — Poland — — — — — Portugal — — — — — Sweden 1.97** 2...

  2. Europe | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision|LLCInsulationInformation) Programs (70) Tools

  3. Peer-to-Peer Consultations: Ancillary Services Peer Exchange with India: Experience from South Africa, Europe & the United States (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In support of national and subnational decision makers, the 21st Century Power Partnership regularly works with country partners to organize peer-to-peer consultations on critical issues. In March 2014, 21CPP collaborated with the Regulatory Assistance Project - India to host two peer-to-peer exchanges among experts from India, South Africa, Europe, and the United States to discuss the provision of ancillary services, particularly in the context of added variability and uncertainty from renewable energy. This factsheet provides a high level summary of the peer-to-peer consultation.

  4. Assessment of Factors Influencing Effective CO{sub 2} Storage Capacity and Injectivity in Eastern Gas Shales

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Godec, Michael

    2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Building upon advances in technology, production of natural gas from organic-rich shales is rapidly developing as a major hydrocarbon supply option in North America and around the world. The same technology advances that have facilitated this revolution - dense well spacing, horizontal drilling, and hydraulic fracturing - may help to facilitate enhanced gas recovery (EGR) and carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) storage in these formations. The potential storage of CO {sub 2} in shales is attracting increasing interest, especially in Appalachian Basin states that have extensive shale deposits, but limited CO{sub 2} storage capacity in conventional reservoirs. The goal of this cooperative research project was to build upon previous and on-going work to assess key factors that could influence effective EGR, CO{sub 2} storage capacity, and injectivity in selected Eastern gas shales, including the Devonian Marcellus Shale, the Devonian Ohio Shale, the Ordovician Utica and Point Pleasant shale and equivalent formations, and the late Devonian-age Antrim Shale. The project had the following objectives: (1) Analyze and synthesize geologic information and reservoir data through collaboration with selected State geological surveys, universities, and oil and gas operators; (2) improve reservoir models to perform reservoir simulations to better understand the shale characteristics that impact EGR, storage capacity and CO{sub 2} injectivity in the targeted shales; (3) Analyze results of a targeted, highly monitored, small-scale CO{sub 2} injection test and incorporate into ongoing characterization and simulation work; (4) Test and model a smart particle early warning concept that can potentially be used to inject water with uniquely labeled particles before the start of CO{sub 2} injection; (5) Identify and evaluate potential constraints to economic CO{sub 2} storage in gas shales, and propose development approaches that overcome these constraints; and (6) Complete new basin-level characterizations for the CO{sub 2} storage capacity and injectivity potential of the targeted eastern shales. In total, these Eastern gas shales cover an area of over 116 million acres, may contain an estimated 6,000 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of gas in place, and have a maximum theoretical storage capacity of over 600 million metric tons. Not all of this gas in-place will be recoverable, and economics will further limit how much will be economic to produce using EGR techniques with CO{sub 2} injection. Reservoir models were developed and simulations were conducted to characterize the potential for both CO{sub 2} storage and EGR for the target gas shale formations. Based on that, engineering costing and cash flow analyses were used to estimate economic potential based on future natural gas prices and possible financial incentives. The objective was to assume that EGR and CO{sub 2} storage activities would commence consistent with the historical development practices. Alternative CO{sub 2} injection/EGR scenarios were considered and compared to well production without CO{sub 2} injection. These simulations were conducted for specific, defined model areas in each shale gas play. The resulting outputs were estimated recovery per typical well (per 80 acres), and the estimated CO{sub 2} that would be injected and remain in the reservoir (i.e., not produced), and thus ultimately assumed to be stored. The application of this approach aggregated to the entire area of the four shale gas plays concluded that they contain nearly 1,300 Tcf of both primary production and EGR potential, of which an estimated 460 Tcf could be economic to produce with reasonable gas prices and/or modest incentives. This could facilitate the storage of nearly 50 Gt of CO{sub 2} in the Marcellus, Utica, Antrim, and Devonian Ohio shales.

  5. DAY, 27 JUN Greetings f

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    ) "Contribution of Energy Efficiency to Green Growth in SouthEastern and Eastern Europe" 11.3013 Property and the Threat of Habitat in Serbia in the 19th Century" Seirinidou, Vaso (Athens) "Bavarian Visions

  6. Ed./Text: International Centre; As at 05/2011 Design: wpunktw.com in internationalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schüler, Axel

    .Sc. · Auditory Cognitive Neuroscience (ACN) Exchange Network · Europe & South Africa Partnership for Human Chemistry and Spectroscopy, M.Sc. Philologies · American Studies with Transatlantic Capstone Program courses Economics and Management Sciences · European Economic Integration Central and Eastern Europe, M

  7. A Soil-Based Methodology for Locating Buried Early Prehistoric Cultural Deposits in Draws on the High Plains of Eastern Colorado and Western Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Kristopher R.

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    with intensive rainfall. The High Plains are subject to periodic droughts associated with the intensification of zonal airflow and anticyclonic, high-pressure systems in the upper atmosphere. Severe droughts, which have occurred in the region roughly every... 20 years, appear to be linked to persistent cool sea surface temperatures associated with La Niña in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean (Schubert et al. 2004a, b; Seager et al. 2005; Seager 2007). These severe droughts affect the composition...

  8. Division of Social Sciences Anthropology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    , University of California, Davis: Political economy, globalization, identity, Central and Eastern Europe, Midwest and Southeast U.S.; political economy of ranked societies; lithic analysis; quantitative methods

  9. Evaluation of the utility and energy monitoring and control system installed at the US Army, Europe, 409th Base Support Battalion, Military Community at Grafenwoehr, Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Broders, M.A.; Ruppel, F.R.

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under the provisions of Interagency Agreement DOE 1938-B090-A1 between the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the US Army Europe (USAREUR), Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., is providing technical assistance to USAREUR in the areas of computer science, information engineering, energy studies, and engineering and systems development. One of the initial projects authorized under this interagency agreement is the evaluation of utility and energy monitoring and control systems (UEMCSs) installed at selected US Army installations in Europe. This report is an evaluation of the overall energy-conservation effectiveness and use of the UEMCS at the 409th Base Support Battalion located in Grafenwoehr, Germany. The 409th Base Support Battalion is a large USAREUR military training facility that comprises a large training area, leased housing, the main post area, and the camp areas that include Camps Aachen, Algier, Normandy, Cheb, and Kasserine. All of these facilities are consumers of electrical and thermal energy. However, only buildings and facilities in the main post area and Camps Aachen, Algier, and Normandy are under the control of the UEMCS. The focus of this evaluation report is on these specific areas. Recommendations to further increase energy and cost savings and to improve operation of the UEMCS are proposed.

  10. 16 September 2014 SENT TO LSU AGCENTER/LOUISIANA FOREST PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT CENTER -FOREST SECTOR / FORESTY PRODUCTS INTEREST GROUP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Global Biomass Markets · Pellet exports from North America to Europe rose once again in the 1Q/14, though for the GSPI. Prices, in US dollar terms, were generally up in North America, Eastern Europe, Latin America and Oceania, while they fell in Western Europe. · The trade of logs in Europe picked up in 2013, with import

  11. Jurassic sequence stratigraphy in Mississippi interior salt basin: an aid to petroleum exploration in eastern Gulf of Mexico area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, E.A.; Mink, R.M.; Tew, B.H.

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An understanding of sequence stratigraphy of Jurassic units in onshore basins can serve as an aid to identify potential petroleum reservoir and source rocks in the eastern Gulf of Mexico area. Three depositional sequences associated with cycles of eustatic sea level change and coastal onlap have been identified in the Mississippi Interior Salt basin. Three depositional sequences probably correspond to the J2.4, J3.1, and J3.2 sequences of Vail et al for Callovian through Kimmeridgian strata. In the Mississippi Interior salt basin, the lower depositional sequence is bounded by a basal type 2 unconformity and an upper type 2 unconformity in the Callovian. This sequence includes Louann evaporites (transgressive), Pine Hill anhydrites and shales (condensed section), and Norphlet eolian sandstones (highstand regressive). The middle depositional sequence reflects relative sea level rise in the late Callovian. This sequence includes Norphlet marine sandstones and lower Smackover packstones and mudstones (transgressive), middle Smackover mudstones (condensed section), and upper Smackover grainstones and anhydrites (highstand regressive).

  12. Factors affecting lead, cadmium, and arsenic levels in house dust in a smelter town in eastern Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyer, I.; Heinrich, J. (GSF-Forschungszentrum fuer Umwelt und Gesundheit, Neuherberg (Germany). Inst. fuer Epidemiologie); Lippold, U. (Inst. fuer Wasser-, Boden- und Lufthygiene des Umweltbundesamtes Berlin (Germany))

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hettstedt, a city in eastern Germany with a long history of mining and smelting of nonferrous ores, has several industrial sources of heavy metals. The indoor exposure to metals of children (5 to 14 years old) in the Hettstedt area was assessed by measuring the levels of lead, cadmium, and arsenic contamination in sedimented house dust. Factors which influence the dust loading rate and the surface loading rates of these contaminants in house dust were investigated. The geometric mean of the dust loading rate was 8.9 mg/m[sup 2] day. The geometric means of surface loading rates were 1.14, 0.024, and 0.023 [micro]g/m[sup 2] day for lead, cadmium, and arsenic, respectively. Factors that were significantly associated with surface loading rates included the city area of residence, automobile traffic near home, parent with occupational exposure to heavy metals, type of heating, housing characteristics, whether child's home is damp, number of persons living in the child's home,and parents' education. The most significant of these factors was the city area of residence, which reflects the distance from the metal sources; this factor accounted for about half of the variances explained by the regression models.

  13. Norphlet Formation (Upper Jurassic) sand erg: depositional model for northeastern De Soto salt basin, eastern Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kemmer, D.A.; Reagan, R.L.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Available well control, seismic reflection geometries, and seismic modeling suggest the interpretation of a Norphlet Formation (Upper Jurassic) sand erg in the northeastern De Soto salt basin. Ranging in thickness from less than 100 ft to nearly 1000 ft, the Norphlet erg encompasses an area of approximately 700 mi/sup 2/. Separated from the major gas accumulation in the Norphlet in the Mobile Bay area by the offshore extension of the Pensacola arch, the Norphlet erg appears to be oriented transverse to the axis of the De Soto salt basin. Seismic signatures for the Smackover carbonate, Norphlet sand, and Louann Salt intervals are investigated using synthetic seismograms generated from six wells in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. General characteristics about the reflection coefficients from the major units in the interval are noted. The reflection coefficient information and synthetic seismograms are used to interpret seismic data on a regional basis. Two-dimensional, vertical-incidence, ray-trace modeling of the seismic data is done to aid the interpretation on a detailed basis. Interpreted Norphlet sandstone thicknesses and Louann Salt structures are combined to support the Norphlet Formation sand erg hypothesis.

  14. Upper Jurassic Norphlet formation: new frontier for hydrocarbon prospecting in the central and eastern Gulf of Mexico regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, E.A.; Mink, R.M.; Bearden, B.L.

    1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the discovery of oil in 1967 from the Smackover Formation at Toxey field, Choctaw County, Alabama, and of condensate in 1968 from the Norphlet Formation at Flomaton field, Escambia County, Alabama, the Upper Jurassic has become the primary exploration target in southwestern Alabama. Norphlet petroleum traps in the region are principally combination traps involving favorable stratigraphy and salt anticlines (Copeland field), extensional fault traps associated with salt movement (Flomaton field), and faulted salt anticlines (Hatter's Pond and Lower Mobile Bay-Mary Ann fields). Reservoir rocks include marine, dune, and fluvial sandstone lithofacies. Sandstone porosity involves both primary intergranular and secondary dissolution and fracture. Smackover algal carbonate mudstone is probably the source for much of the Norphlet hydrocarbon, but downdip Norphlet marine shales may also be source rocks. The central and eastern Gulf of Mexico regions should continue to be excellent areas to explore for hydrocarbons in the years ahead. Successful Norphlet petroleum prospecting in the area has involved the identification of favorable sandstone lithofacies and structural hydrocarbon traps by using geologic and geophysical methods. Future Norphlet discoveries will require the delineation of stratigraphic and structural/stratigraphic combination hydrocarbon traps using seismic-stratigraphic techniques.

  15. Upper Jurassic Norphlet formation: new frontier for hydrocarbon prospecting in the central and eastern Gulf of Mexico regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, E.A.; Mink, R.M.; Bearden, B.L.

    1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the discovery of oil in 1967 from the Smackover Formation at Toxey field, Choctaw County, Alabama, and of condensate in 1968 from the Norphlet Formation at Flomaton field, Escambia County, Alabama, the Upper Jurassic has become the primary exploration target in southwestern Alabama. Norphlet petroleum traps in the region are principally combination traps involving favorable stratigraphy and salt anticlines (Copeland field), exensional fault traps associated with salt movement (Flomaton field), and faulted salt anticlines (Hatter's Pond and Lower Mobile Bay-Mary Ann fields). Reservoir rocks include marine, dune, and fluvial sandstone lithofacies. Sandstone porosity involves both primary intergranular and secondary dissolution and fracture. Smackover algal carbonate mudstone is probably the source for much of the Norphlet hydrocarbon, but downdip Norphlet marine shales may also be source rocks. The central and eastern Gulf of Mexico regions should continue to be excellent areas to explore for hydrocarbons in the years ahead. Successful Norphlet petroleum prospecting in the area has involved the identification of favorable sandstone lithofacies and structural hydrocarbon traps by using geologic and geophysical methods. Future Norphlet discoveries will require the delineation of stratigraphic and structural/stratigraphic combination hydrocarbon traps using seismic-stratigraphic techniques.

  16. Hydrologic assessment, Eastern Coal Province, Area 23, Alabama: Black Warrior River; Buttahatchee River; Cahaba River; Sipsey River

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harkins, J.R.

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Area 23 is located at the southern end of the Eastern Coal Province, in the Mobile River basin, includes the Warrior, Cahaba, and edges of the Plateau coal fields in Alabama, and covers an area of 4716 square miles. This report is designed to be useful to mine owners and operators and consulting engineers by presenting information about existing hydrologic conditions and identification of sources of hydrologic information. General hydrologic information is presented in a brief text and illustrations on a single water-resources related topic. Area 23 is underlain by the Coker and Pottsville Formations and the pre-Pennsylvanian rocks. Area 23 has a moist temperate climate with an annual average rainfall of 54 inches and the majority of the area is covered by forest. The soils have a high erosion potential when the vegetative cover is removed. Use of water is primarily from surface-water sources as ground-water supplies generally are not sufficient for public supplies. The US Geological Survey operates a network of hydrologic data collection stations to monitor the streamflow and ground-water conditions. This network includes data for 180 surface-water stations and 49 ground-water observation wells. These data include rate of flow, water levels, and water-quality parameters. Hydrologic problems relating to surface mining are (1) erosion and sedimentation, (2) decline in ground-water levels, and (3) degradation of water quality. Decline in ground-water levels can occur in and near surface-mining areas when excavation extends below the static water level in the aquifer. This can cause nearby wells and springs to go dry. Acid mine drainage is a problem only adjacent to the mined area.

  17. Basin Analysis of Mississippi Interior Salt Basin and Petroleum System Modeling of the Jurassic Smackover Formation, Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernest Mancini

    2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Part 3 (Petroleum System Modeling of the Jurassic Smackover Formation) objectives are to provide an analysis of the Smackover petroleum system in Years 4 and 5 of the project and to transfer effectively the research results to producers through workshops and topical reports. Work Accomplished (Year 5): Task 1 - Basin Flow - Basin flow modeling has been completed and the topical report has been submitted to the U.S. DOE for review. Task 2 - Petroleum Source Rocks - Work on the characterization of Smackover petroleum source rocks has been integrated into the basin flow model. The information on the source rocks is being prepared for inclusion in the final report. Task 3 - Petroleum Reservoirs - Work on the characterization of Smackover petroleum reservoirs continues. The cores to be described have been identified and many of the cores for the eastern and western parts of the basin have been described. Task 4 - Reservoir Diagenesis - Work on reservoir diagenesis continues. Samples from the cores selected for the reservoir characterization are being used for this task. Task 5 - Underdeveloped Reservoirs - Two underdeveloped Smackover reservoirs have been identified. They are the microbial reef and shoal reservoirs. Work Planned (Year 5): Task 1 - Basin Flow - This task has been completed and the topical report has been submitted to the U.S. DOE. Task 2 - Petroleum Source Rocks - Petroleum source rock information will continue to be prepared for the final report. Task 3 - Petroleum Reservoirs - Characterization of petroleum reservoirs will continue through core studies. Task 4 - Reservoir Diagenesis - Characterization of reservoir diagenesis will continue through petrographic analysis. Task 5 - Underdeveloped Reservoirs - Study of Smackover underdeveloped reservoirs will continue with focus on the microbial reef and shoal reservoirs.

  18. Variations in clay mineralogy and sediment texture of salt marsh soils on the Eastern Shore of Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robinson, S.E.; Furman, T. (Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States). Dept. of Environmental Sciences)

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On the Eastern Shore of VA, relative sea level rise has resulted in encroachment of marsh onto upland areas. The amount and type of sediment determines the morphologic environment of the system: lagoon, mudflat, low marsh, high marsh or upland. This research is part of a study to examine the relationship between marsh soil characteristics and the production of Spartina alterniflora. The productivity of marsh vegetation depends on the import and entrapment of sediments that maintain marsh elevation and control water and nutrient availability. This work focused on distribution patterns of sediment texture and mineralogy. One meter deep cores were taken at marsh sites with 10 cm intervals homogenized for analysis. In order to distinguish potential sediment sources, samples were also taken from upland soil pits on the mainland and dredged one-half mile seaward of the barrier islands. Samples have undergone size analysis with a hydrometer and the clay fraction has been analyzed by XRD. Results from the marsh surface indicate large variations in sediment texture, but only slight differences in clay mineralogy between marshes. Barrier island marshes contain a higher average sand content than mainland marshes because of their closer proximity to barrier island beaches and inputs from overwash deposits. The clay minerals found in all marsh surface deposits are illite and chlorite, indicative of oceanic clays. The clay mineralogy of upland soils (kaolinite, chlorite, illite, vermiculite mixed-layer clay) differs from marsh surface clays, indicating that recent sediment deposited on the marsh surface is no upland soil but rather material brought in through tidal inlets. The sediment texture and clay mineralogy at different depths varies as a function of the past geomorphic and depositional history of the site. These data will be used to determine the timing of marsh development on flooded upland sites and to determine the pre-Holocene source of inorganic sediment inputs.

  19. Paleoecology of the Devonian-Mississippian black-shale sequence in eastern Kentucky with an atlas of some common fossils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barron, L.S.; Ettensohn, F.R.

    1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Devonian-Mississippian black-shale sequence of eastern North America is a distinctive stratigraphic interval generally characterized by low clastic influx, high organic production in the water column, anaerobic bottom conditions, and the relative absence of fossil evidence for biologic activity. The laminated black shales which constitute most of the black-shale sequence are broken by two major sequences of interbedded greenish-gray, clayey shales which contain bioturbation and pyritized micromorph invertebrates. The black shales contain abundant evidence of life from upper parts of the water column such as fish fossils, conodonts, algae and other phytoplankton; however, there is a lack of evidence of benthic life. The rare brachiopods, crinoids, and molluscs that occur in the black shales were probably epiplanktic. A significant physical distinction between the environment in which the black sediments were deposited and that in which the greenish-gray sediments were deposited was the level of dissolved oxygen. The laminated black shales point to anaerobic conditions and the bioturbated greenish-gray shales suggest dysaerobic to marginally aerobic-dysaerobic conditions. A paleoenvironmental model in which quasi-estuarine circulation compliments and enhances the effect of a stratified water column can account for both depletion of dissolved oxygen in the bottom environments and the absence of oxygen replenishment during black-shale deposition. Periods of abundant clastic influx from fluvial environments to the east probably account for the abundance of clays in the greenish-gray shale as well as the small amounts of oxygen necessary to support the depauparate, opportunistic, benthic faunas found there. These pulses of greenish-gray clastics were short-lived and eventually were replaced by anaerobic conditions and low rates of clastic sedimentation which characterized most of black-shale deposition.

  20. Fourier grain-shape analysis of quartz sand from the eastern and central Santa Barbara Littoral Cell, southern California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robinson, R.A.; Osborne, R.H. (Univ. of South California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences)

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The shape composition of detrital quartz grains from the medium sand fraction of 61 samples collected from the eastern and central Santa Barbara Littoral Cell was determined using Fourier analysis. Nine sample sets were obtained by various organizations from the shoreface (0 to [minus]9 m MLLW) of beaches, rivers, coastal cliffs and dunes as well as the inner continental shelf ([minus]16 to [minus]23 m MLLW) between June, 1969 and March, 1992. The Ventura and Santa Clara River samples are statistically homogeneous with respect to quartz grain shape. Littoral and inner shelf samples from the Ventura area are composed principally of resedimented sand from the Ventura and Santa Clara Rivers, but also contain sand from an unidentified source exposed on the adjacent inner shelf. No statistically significant change in the grain-shape composition of upper shoreface (0 m MLLW) samples in the Ventura area occurs within the observed sample sets, which represent a period of 23 years. Seasonal variation within the Ventura area is marked by an increase in the abundance of more elongate grains on the upper shoreface during the summer months, and a decrease in the abundance of such grains during the oceanographic winter. The increase in more elongate grains during the summer most likely reflects the onshore transport of shelf-derived grains through ridge and runnel systems, whereas the decrease in the abundance of such grains reflects mixing with pre-existing backshore sand containing more equate grains during winter storms. The selective transport of more elongate grains is evidenced by the enrichment of such grains within Ventura Harbor ([minus]7 m MLLW).