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1

Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) Standards (CIP-002 through CIP-009). The increased use of wireless technologies and...

2

Energy Efficiency in Western Utility Resource Plans: Impacts on Regional Resources Assessment and Support for WGA Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PNM PSCO PSE PUC SDG&E SCE WECC average megawatts Britishwith appropriate NERC and WECC committees and subcommitteesconsistent across NERC, WECC and state/regional assessments

Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Schlegal, Jeff

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

USING NERC SCIENCE Welcome to the latest edition of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/events/090424/. The application deadline is 15 April 2009. UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC) One day event investigation of energy in the UK. NERC is a part funder of UKERC. For more information and to register, go to, atmospheric sciences, geo- and palaeochemistry, marine biogeochemistry, geophysics, ecology, solar

Williams, Paul

4

Who we are NERC the Natural Environment Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of research on your business NERC research enables safe and efficient access to the natural resources on which with business Improving competitiveness NERC climate science helps improve the catastrophe modelling all businesses depend. Our modelling of environmental hazards helps industry mitigate and adapt

Brierley, Andrew

5

Property:EIA/861/NercNpcc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyoCoolingTowerWaterUseSummerConsumed JumpMoverNercErcot Jump to: navigation,NercNpcc

6

Property:EIA/861/NercSpp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyoCoolingTowerWaterUseSummerConsumed JumpMoverNercErcot Jump to:NercSpp Jump to:

7

Property:EIA/861/NercWecc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump to:NercWecc Jump to:

8

Re-Engineering Grep and Diff for NERC CIP Gabriel A. Weaver and Sean W. Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Re-Engineering Grep and Diff for NERC CIP Gabriel A. Weaver and Sean W. Smith Department this avalanche to drive more efficient NERC CIP audits. The power industry has both high-level, natural-language NERC CIP policies and low- level data sources such as router configuration files, Windows registries

Smith, Sean W.

9

Property:EIA/861/NercSerc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump to:

10

Property:EIA/861/NercErcot | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyoCoolingTowerWaterUseSummerConsumed JumpMoverNercErcot Jump to: navigation, search

11

Property:EIA/861/NercFrcc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyoCoolingTowerWaterUseSummerConsumed JumpMoverNercErcot Jump to: navigation,

12

Property:EIA/861/NercRfc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyoCoolingTowerWaterUseSummerConsumed JumpMoverNercErcot Jump to:

13

Property:EIA/861/NercMro | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat JumpNercMro Jump to: navigation,

14

NERC H&S Policy Page 1 of 7 December 2012 SAFETY POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

role in ensuring that a positive health and safety culture is promoted and maintained in their areasNERC H&S Policy Page 1 of 7 December 2012 HEALTH AND SAFETY POLICY December 2012 #12;NERC H and safety at work, complying with all relevant legislation and continuously seeking to improve our

Brierley, Andrew

15

Regional Interagency Steering GIS Sub-Committee for FEMA's Region II Caribbean Area Division  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regional Interagency Steering GIS Sub-Committee for FEMA's Region II Caribbean Area Division Jimmy Rodríguez-Zamora Caribbean Area Division, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00918 Department of Homeland Security also. This effort is being carried out at the Caribbean Area Division as New York and New Jersey

Gilbes, Fernando

16

Photodissociation dynamics of C{sub 3}H{sub 5}I in the near-ultraviolet region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ultraviolet photodissociation dynamics of allyl iodide (C{sub 3}H{sub 5}I) have been studied by ion-imaging at 266 nm and 213 nm. These photolysis wavelengths are located in the two lowest absorption bands in the near-ultraviolet region. The atomic iodine products were detected by [2+1] resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionization spectroscopy. The spectra showed that the branching fraction for the spin-orbit excited ({sup 2}P{sub 1/2}) state was larger than that for the ground ({sup 2}P{sub 3/2}) state at both photolysis wavelengths. The state-resolved scattering images of iodine showed two maxima in the velocity distributions in the {sup 2}P{sub 3/2} state and a single peak in the {sup 2}P{sub 1/2} state. The spin-orbit specificity indicates that the C?I bond cleavage at both absorption bands is governed by the dissociative n{sub I}?{sup *}{sub C?I} potential energy surfaces. The nascent internal energy distribution of the allyl radical (C{sub 3}H{sub 5}) counter product, which was obtained by the analysis of the state-resolved scattering distributions, showed a marked difference between the photolysis at 266 nm and 213 nm. The generation of the colder C{sub 3}H{sub 5} with the higher translational energy at 266 nm implied the direct photoexcitation to the n{sub I}?{sup *}{sub C?I} repulsive surfaces, whereas the internally hot C{sub 3}H{sub 5} at 213 nm was ascribed to the local ?{sub CC}?{sup *}{sub CC} photoinitiation in the allyl framework followed by predissociation to the n{sub I}?{sup *}{sub C?I} states.

Sumida, Masataka; Hanada, Takuya; Yamasaki, Katsuyoshi; Kohguchi, Hiroshi, E-mail: kohguchi@hiroshima-u.ac.jp [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama 1-3-1, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan)

2014-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

17

Infrared spectra and tunneling dynamics of the N{sub 2}–D{sub 2}O and OC–D{sub 2}O complexes in the v{sub 2} bend region of D{sub 2}O  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The rovibrational spectra of the N{sub 2}–D{sub 2}O and OC–D{sub 2}O complexes in the v{sub 2} bend region of D{sub 2}O have been measured in a supersonic slit jet expansion using a rapid-scan tunable diode laser spectrometer. Both a-type and b-type transitions were observed for these two complexes. All transitions are doubled, due to the heavy water tunneling within the complexes. Assuming the tunneling splittings are the same in K{sub a} = 0 and K{sub a} = 1, the band origins, all three rotational and several distortion constants of each tunneling state were determined for N{sub 2}–D{sub 2}O in the ground and excited vibrational states, and for OC–D{sub 2}O in the excited vibrational state, respectively. The averaged band origin of OC–D{sub 2}O is blueshifted by 2.241 cm{sup ?1} from that of the v{sub 2} band of the D{sub 2}O monomer, compared with 1.247 cm{sup ?1} for N{sub 2}–D{sub 2}O. The tunneling splitting of N{sub 2}–D{sub 2}O in the ground state is 0.16359(28) cm{sup ?1}, which is about five times that of OC–D{sub 2}O. The tunneling splittings decrease by about 26% for N{sub 2}–D{sub 2}O and 23% for OC–D{sub 2}O, respectively, upon excitation of the D{sub 2}O bending vibration, indicating an increase of the tunneling barrier in the excited vibrational state. The tunneling splittings are found to have a strong dependence on intramolecular vibrational excitation as well as a weak dependence on quantum number K{sub a}.

Zhu, Yu; Zheng, Rui; Li, Song; Yang, Yu; Duan, Chuanxi, E-mail: cxduan@phy.ccnu.edu.cn [College of Physical Science and Technology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079 (China)] [College of Physical Science and Technology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079 (China)

2013-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

18

Investigation on transition behavior and electrical properties of (K{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}){sub 1-x}Li{sub x}Nb{sub 0.84}Ta{sub 0.1}Sb{sub 0.06}O{sub 3} around polymorphic phase transition region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

(K{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}){sub 1-x}Li{sub x}Nb{sub 0.84}Ta{sub 0.1}Sb{sub 0.06}O{sub 3} (KNLNTS) lead free ceramics with different Li concentration were fabricated by conventional solid-state reaction method. By increasing Li ions in KNLNTS, the grains grow up and the crystal structure changes from orthorhombic to tetragonal. When 0.03 ? x ? 0.05, the ceramics structure lays in PPT region. Polarization versus electric field (P-E) hysteresis loops at room temperature show good ferroelectric properties and the remnant polarization decreases by increasing Li content while coercive electric keeps almost unchanged. In PPT region, taking x = 0.04 as an example, the sample shows excellent dielectric properties: the dielectric constant is 1159 and loss tangent is 0.04, while the piezoelectric constant d{sub 33} is 245 pC/N and kp is 0.44 at room temperature, it is promising for (K{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}){sub 1-x}Li{sub x}Nb{sub 0.84}Ta{sub 0.1}Sb{sub 0.06}O{sub 3} with 4 at. % Li to substitute PZT.

Zhu, Chen; Wang, Wenchao; Shi, Honglin; Wang, Fangyu; Cao, Yongge [Department of Physics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, P R China (China) [Department of Physics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, P R China (China); Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Huang, Jiquan; Wang, Chong [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Tang, Fei; Yuan, Xuanyi, E-mail: yuanxuanyi@ruc.edu.cn [Department of Physics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, P R China (China)] [Department of Physics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, P R China (China); Liu, Yang [School of Chemistry and Environment Engineering, Shaoguan University, Shaoguan 512005 (China)] [School of Chemistry and Environment Engineering, Shaoguan University, Shaoguan 512005 (China)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Regional partnerships to sequester CO{sub 2} at near-commercial scale  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A summary of the keynote speech by Acting Deputy Secretary of Energy, Jeffrey Kupfer, is given, as well as details about new agreements on CO{sub 2} injection. These include the West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership agreement to locate CO{sub 2} injection with a 50 mw clean energy systems plant in Kumberlina, California, and the Plains CO{sub 2} Reduction Partnership and Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration PARTNERSHIP plans to inject CO{sub 2} derived from post combustion capture at power plants. 3 photos.

NONE

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

OPTICAL CONSTANTS OF NH{sub 3} AND NH{sub 3}:N{sub 2} AMORPHOUS ICES IN THE NEAR-INFRARED AND MID-INFRARED REGIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ammonia ice has been detected on different astrophysical media ranging from interstellar medium (ISM) particles to the surface of various icy bodies of our solar system, where nitrogen is also present. We have carried out a detailed study of amorphous NH{sub 3} ice and NH{sub 3}:N{sub 2} ice mixtures, based on infrared (IR) spectra in the mid-IR (MIR) and near-IR (NIR) regions, supported by theoretical quantum chemical calculations. Spectra of varying ice thicknesses were obtained and optical constants were calculated for amorphous NH{sub 3} at 15 K and 30 K and for a NH{sub 3}:N{sub 2} mixture at 15 K over a 500-7000 cm{sup –1} spectral range. These spectra have improved accuracy over previous data, where available. Moreover, we also obtained absolute values for the band strengths of the more prominent IR features in both spectral regions. Our results indicate that the estimated NH{sub 3} concentration in ISM ices should be scaled upward by ?30%.

Zanchet, Alexandre; Rodríguez-Lazcano, Yamilet; Gálvez, Óscar; Herrero, Víctor J.; Escribano, Rafael; Maté, Belén, E-mail: belen.mate@csic.es [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, IEM-CSIC, Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region nerc sub" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Rocky Mountain Regional CO{sub 2} Storage Capacity and Significance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study includes extensive characterization of the most promising geologic CO{sub 2} storage formations on the Colorado Plateau, including estimates of maximum possible storage capacity. The primary targets of characterization and capacity analysis include the Cretaceous Dakota Formation, the Jurassic Entrada Formation and the Permian Weber Formation and their equivalents in the Colorado Plateau region. The total CO{sub 2} capacity estimates for the deep saline formations of the Colorado Plateau region range between 9.8 metric GT and 143 metric GT, depending on assumed storage efficiency, formations included, and other factors.

Laes, Denise; Eisinger, Chris; Esser, Richard; Morgan, Craig; Rauzi, Steve; Scholle, Dana; Matthews, Vince; McPherson, Brian

2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

22

www.planetearth.nerc.ac.uk Autumn 2014 Trout in hot water Biodiversity and big data Bioenergy's carbon footprint Sustainable drainage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ from pole to pole, from the deep Earth and oceans to the atmosphere and space. We work in partnership of government. Our projects range from curiosity-driven research to long-term, multi-million-pound strategic to us at Planet Earth Editors, NERC, Polaris House, North Star Avenue, Swindon SN2 1EU. NERC

Brierley, Andrew

23

NERC 101  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per ThousandWellhead+WellheadMr.NEMS

24

Nest Record Card Scheme 1 Welcome to the Nest Record Card Scheme, NERCS for short. The project aims to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nest Record Card Scheme 1 Welcome to the Nest Record Card Scheme, NERCS for short. The project aims to monitor the breeding success of birds and increase our knowledge of their nesting habits. The Avian will be computerized to provide a backward perspective to the data from the new scheme. Why do we need nest records

de Villiers, Marienne

25

"Interconnection","NERC Regional Assesment Area"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECSPropaneResidential"Total"2.4 Relative4

26

"Interconnection","NERC Regional Assesment Area","Summer"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECSPropaneResidential"Total"2.4 Relative4B Winter

27

"January","NERC Regional Assesment Area"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECSPropaneResidential"Total"2.4 Relative4B WinterA.1.

28

Applicability of the “Gallet equation” to the vegetation clearances of NERC Reliability Standard FAC-003-2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NERC has proposed a standard to use to specify clearances between vegetation and power lines. The purpose of the rule is to reduce the probability of flashover to a calculably low level. This report was commissioned by FERC’s Office of Electrical Reliability. The scope of the study was analysis of the mathematics and documentation of the technical justification behind the application of the Gallet equation and the assumptions used in the technical reference paper

Kirkham, Harold

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

29

Reactive power interconnection requirements for PV and wind plants : recommendations to NERC.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Voltage on the North American bulk system is normally regulated by synchronous generators, which typically are provided with voltage schedules by transmission system operators. In the past, variable generation plants were considered very small relative to conventional generating units, and were characteristically either induction generator (wind) or line-commutated inverters (photovoltaic) that have no inherent voltage regulation capability. However, the growing level of penetration of non-traditional renewable generation - especially wind and solar - has led to the need for renewable generation to contribute more significantly to power system voltage control and reactive power capacity. Modern wind-turbine generators, and increasingly PV inverters as well, have considerable dynamic reactive power capability, which can be further enhanced with other reactive support equipment at the plant level to meet interconnection requirements. This report contains a set of recommendations to the North-America Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC) as part of Task 1-3 (interconnection requirements) of the Integration of Variable Generation Task Force (IVGTF) work plan. The report discusses reactive capability of different generator technologies, reviews existing reactive power standards, and provides specific recommendations to improve existing interconnection standards.

McDowell, Jason (General Electric, Schenectady, NY); Walling, Reigh (General Electric, Schenectady, NY); Peter, William (SunPower, Richmond, CA); Von Engeln, Edi (NV Energy, Reno, NV); Seymour, Eric (AEI, Fort Collins, CO); Nelson, Robert (Siemens Wind Turbines, Orlando, FL); Casey, Leo (Satcon, Boston, MA); Ellis, Abraham; Barker, Chris. (SunPower, Richmond, CA)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Analysis of the promoter region of a cardiac specific phospholipase A{sub 2} gene located at 1p35  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phospholipases may play an important role in the pathology of tissue damage and in membrane remodeling. We have previously shown that the Group II PLA{sub 2} gene and two PLA{sub 2}-like gene fragments map to 1p35. We have since shown that at least one of the fragments is part of a cardiac-specific PLA{sub 2} gene. Thus the identification and characterization of the regulatory regions of this new phospholipase A{sub 2} (PLA{sub 2}) may be important for understanding the regulation of this gene under normal and pathologic conditions. HPLA2-10, mainly expressed in heart, is a low molecular weight, Ca{sup 2+}-dependent PLA{sub 2} that we have classified as a new group (Group III) based on structural considerations. The 5{prime} regulatory region of HPLA2-10 was isolated from a human genomic DNA bacteriophage library and cloned into pUC19. Computer analysis of the region`s DNA sequence indicates the presence of multiple transcription factor binding sites. A comparison between the human promoter region and the promoter region of the rat homologue, RPLA2-10, indicates that at least two putative transcription factor binding sites are conserved between the two species. These include a CCAAT box and an AGTCCT hexanucleotide, which has been implicated as a binding site for the glucocorticoid receptor. DNA footprint analysis is being performed to determine whether or not these putative regions are sites of protein binding. Also, a proposed view of the evolution of the distinct groups of low molecular weight PLA{sub 2}s will be presented.

Winstead, M.V.; Chen, J.; Tischfield, J.A. [Indiana Univ. School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Sub-national TIMES model for analyzing regional future use of Biomass and Biofuels in France and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Sub-national TIMES model for analyzing regional future use of Biomass and Biofuels in France Introduction Renewable energy sources such as biomass and biofuels are increasingly being seen as important of biofuels on the final consumption of energy in transport should be 10%. The long-term target is to reduce

Boyer, Edmond

32

SIMULATION FRAMEWORK FOR REGIONAL GEOLOGIC CO{sub 2} STORAGE ALONG ARCHES PROVINCE OF MIDWESTERN UNITED STATES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents final technical results for the project Simulation Framework for Regional Geologic CO{sub 2} Storage Infrastructure along Arches Province of the Midwest United States. The Arches Simulation project was a three year effort designed to develop a simulation framework for regional geologic carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) storage infrastructure along the Arches Province through development of a geologic model and advanced reservoir simulations of large-scale CO{sub 2} storage. The project included five major technical tasks: (1) compilation of geologic, hydraulic and injection data on Mount Simon, (2) development of model framework and parameters, (3) preliminary variable density flow simulations, (4) multi-phase model runs of regional storage scenarios, and (5) implications for regional storage feasibility. The Arches Province is an informal region in northeastern Indiana, northern Kentucky, western Ohio, and southern Michigan where sedimentary rock formations form broad arch and platform structures. In the province, the Mount Simon sandstone is an appealing deep saline formation for CO{sub 2} storage because of the intersection of reservoir thickness and permeability. Many CO{sub 2} sources are located in proximity to the Arches Province, and the area is adjacent to coal fired power plants along the Ohio River Valley corridor. Geophysical well logs, rock samples, drilling logs, and geotechnical tests were evaluated for a 500,000 km{sup 2} study area centered on the Arches Province. Hydraulic parameters and historical operational information was also compiled from Mount Simon wastewater injection wells in the region. This information was integrated into a geocellular model that depicts the parameters and conditions in a numerical array. The geologic and hydraulic data were integrated into a three-dimensional grid of porosity and permeability, which are key parameters regarding fluid flow and pressure buildup due to CO{sub 2} injection. Permeability data were corrected in locations where reservoir tests have been performed in Mount Simon injection wells. The geocellular model was used to develop a series of numerical simulations designed to support CO{sub 2} storage applications in the Arches Province. Variable density fluid flow simulations were initially run to evaluate model sensitivity to input parameters. Two dimensional, multiple-phase simulations were completed to evaluate issues related to arranging injection fields in the study area. A basin-scale, multiple-phase model was developed to evaluate large scale injection effects across the region. Finally, local scale simulations were also completed with more detailed depiction of the Eau Claire formation to investigate to the potential for upward migration of CO{sub 2}. Overall, the technical work on the project concluded that injection large-scale injection may be achieved with proper field design, operation, siting, and monitoring. Records from Mount Simon injection wells were compiled, documenting more than 20 billion gallons of injection into the Mount Simon formation in the Arches Province over the past 40 years, equivalent to approximately 60 million metric tons CO2. The multi-state team effort was useful in delineating the geographic variability in the Mount Simon reservoir properties. Simulations better defined potential well fields, well field arrangement, CO{sub 2} pipeline distribution system, and operational parameters for large-scale injection in the Arches Province. Multiphase scoping level simulations suggest that injection fields with arrays of 9 to 50+ wells may be used to accommodate large injection volumes. Individual wells may need to be separated by 3 to 10 km. Injection fields may require spacing of 25 to 40 km to limit pressure and saturation front interference. Basin-scale multiple-phase simulations in STOMP reflect variability in the Mount Simon. While simulations suggest a total injection rate of 100 million metric tons per year (approximately to a 40% reduction of CO{sub 2} emissions from large point sources across the Arches Pr

Sminchak, Joel

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

33

Effect of fluctuations on electron and phonon processes and thermodynamic parameters of Ag{sub 2}Te and Ag{sub 2}Se in the region of phase transition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Temperature dependences of electrical conductivity {sigma}, thermoelectric power {alpha}, results of differential thermal analysis {delta}T{sub y}, thermal conductivity {chi}, temperature conductivity {kappa}, and heat capacity C{sub p} were studied in Ag{sub 2}Te and Ag{sub 2}Se semiconductors in the region of the phase transition. Two extrema are observed in the temperature dependence {chi}(T): a maximum in the region of the {alpha}' {sup {yields}} {beta}' transition and a minimum in the region of the {beta}' {sup {yields}} {beta} transition; these extrema are caused by the similar dependence C{sub p}(T). It is shown that the {alpha} {sup {yields}} {alpha}' and {beta}' {sup {yields}} {beta} transitions are displacement transitions, while the {alpha}' {sup {yields}} {beta}' transition is of reconstruction type. It is established that the disorder parameter {eta} in silver chalcogenides is highly smeared in the region of the phase transition; therefore, disordering of phases at the point of the phase transition is incomplete: 73, 62, and 48% in Ag{sub 2}Te, Ag{sub 2}Se, and Ag{sub 2}S, respectively. The minimum volumes V{sub ph} for new phases are calculated; it is shown that the value of V{sub ph} in displacement transitions is larger than in the reconstruction-type transitions.

Aliev, S. A.; Aliev, F. F. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)], E-mail: farzali@physics.ab.az

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

34

Vector analyzing power of {pi}{sup +7}Li scattering in the region of the {delta}{sub 33} resonance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Within Glauber diffraction theory, the vector analyzing power iT{sub 11} is calculated at three energies of positively charged pions, 134, 164, and 194 MeV, incident to {sup 7}Li nuclei. These energy values lie in the region of the {delta}{sub 33} resonance in {pi}{sup {+-}}N interaction, the resonance maximum being at 180 MeV. The calculation of iT{sub 11} was performed with several model {sup 7}Li wave functions, including the {alpha}t-cluster and shell-model ones. The properties of {pi}{sup +7}Li scattering are found to be sensitive to the structural features of the target nucleus. A comparison of the results of the calculations with experimental data shows that the wave functions in question and the potentials used to calculate them are quite appropriate.

Ibraeva, E. T. [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Institute of Nuclear Physics (Kazakhstan); Zhusupov, M. A. [Kazakh State University, Institute of Experimental and Theoretical Physics (Kazakhstan); Zaykin, A. Yu. [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Institute of Nuclear Physics (Kazakhstan); Imambekov, O. [Kazakh State University, Institute of Experimental and Theoretical Physics (Kazakhstan)

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Electronic state spectroscopy of diiodomethane (CH{sub 2}I{sub 2}): Experimental and computational studies in the 30?000–95?000 cm{sup ?1} region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electronic absorption spectrum of diiodomethane in the 30?000–95?000 cm{sup ?1} region is investigated using synchrotron radiation; the spectrum in the 50?000–66?500 cm{sup ?1} region is reported for the first time. The absorption bands in the 30?000–50?000 cm{sup ?1} region are attributed to valence transitions, while the vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) spectrum (50?000–95?000 cm{sup ?1}) is dominated by several Rydberg series converging to the first four ionization potentials of CH{sub 2}I{sub 2} at 9.46, 9.76, 10.21, and 10.56 eV corresponding to the removal of an electron from the outermost 3b{sub 2}, 2b{sub 1}, 1a{sub 2}, and 4a{sub 1} non-bonding orbitals, respectively. Rydberg series of ns, np, and nd type converging to each of the four ionization potentials are assigned based on a quantum defect analysis. Time dependent density functional theory calculations of excited states support the analysis and help in interpretation of the Rydberg and valence nature of observed transitions. Density functional theory calculations of the neutral and ionic ground state geometries and vibrational frequencies are used to assign the observed vibronic structure. Vibronic features accompanying the Rydberg series are mainly due to excitation of the C-I symmetric stretch (?{sub 3}) and CH{sub 2} wag (?{sub 8}) modes, with smaller contributions from the C-H symmetric stretch (?{sub 1}). UV absorption bands are assigned to low lying valence states 1{sup 1}B{sub 2}, 1{sup 1}B{sub 1}, 2{sup 1}A{sub 1}, 3{sup 1}A{sub 1}, 2{sup 1}B{sub 1}, and 2{sup 1}B{sub 2} and the unusually high underlying intensity in parts of the VUV spectrum is attributed to valence states with high oscillator strength. This is the first report of a comprehensive Rydberg series and vibronic analysis of the VUV absorption spectrum of CH{sub 2}I{sub 2} in the 50?000–85?000 cm{sup ?1} region. The VUV absorption spectrum of CD{sub 2}I{sub 2} which serves to verify and consolidate spectral assignments is also reported here for the first time.

Mandal, Anuvab; Jagatap, B. N., E-mail: bnj@barc.gov.in [Homi Bhabha National Institute, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Singh, Param Jeet; Shastri, Aparna [Atomic and Molecular Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

36

Economic Congestion Relief Across Multiple Regions Requires Tradable Physical Flow-gate Rights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PWP-076 Economic Congestion Relief Across Multiple Regions Requires Tradable Physical Flow.ucei.berkeley.edu/ucei #12;Economic Congestion Relief Across Multiple Regions Requires Tradable Physical Flow-gate Rights- mission use. The North American Electric Reliability Council NERC is in the process of implementing

California at Berkeley. University of

37

Presence of a monoclinic (Pm) phase in the morphotropic phase boundary region of multiferroic (1???x)Bi(Ni{sub 1/2}Ti{sub 1/2})O{sub 3}-xPbTiO{sub 3} solid solution: A Rietveld study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present here the results of structural studies on multiferroic (1???x)Bi(Ni{sub 1/2}Ti{sub 1/2})O{sub 3}-xPbTiO{sub 3} solid solution using Rietveld analysis on powder x-ray diffraction data in the composition range 0.35???x???0.55. The stability region of various crystallographic phases at room temperature for (1???x)Bi(Ni{sub 1/2}Ti{sub 1/2})O{sub 3}-xPbTiO{sub 3} is determined precisely. Structural transformation from pseudo-cubic (x???0.40) to tetragonal (x???0.50) phase is observed via phase coexistence region demarcating the morphotropic phase boundary. The morphotropic phase boundary region consists of coexisting tetragonal and monoclinic structures with space group P4mm and Pm, respectively, stable in composition range 0.41???x???0.49 as confirmed by Rietveld analysis. The results of Rietveld analysis completely rule out the coexistence of rhombohedral and tetragonal phases in the morphotropic phase boundary region reported by earlier workers. A comparison between the bond lengths for “B-site cations-oxygen anions” obtained after Rietveld refinement, with the bond length calculated using Shannon-Prewitt ionic radii, reveals the ionic nature of B-O (Ni/Ti-O) bonds for the cubic phase and partial covalent character for the other crystallographic phases.

Pandey, Rishikesh, E-mail: akhilesh-bhu@yahoo.com, E-mail: aksingh.mst@itbhu.ac.in; Singh, Akhilesh Kumar, E-mail: akhilesh-bhu@yahoo.com, E-mail: aksingh.mst@itbhu.ac.in [School of Materials Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi 221005 (India)

2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

38

SIMULATION FRAMEWORK FOR REGIONAL GEOLOGIC CO{sub 2} STORAGE ALONG ARCHES PROVINCE OF MIDWESTERN UNITED STATES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents final technical results for the project Simulation Framework for Regional Geologic CO{sub 2} Storage Infrastructure along Arches Province of the Midwest United States. The Arches Simulation project was a three year effort designed to develop a simulation framework for regional geologic carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) storage infrastructure along the Arches Province through development of a geologic model and advanced reservoir simulations of large-scale CO{sub 2} storage. The project included five major technical tasks: (1) compilation of geologic, hydraulic and injection data on Mount Simon, (2) development of model framework and parameters, (3) preliminary variable density flow simulations, (4) multi-phase model runs of regional storage scenarios, and (5) implications for regional storage feasibility. The Arches Province is an informal region in northeastern Indiana, northern Kentucky, western Ohio, and southern Michigan where sedimentary rock formations form broad arch and platform structures. In the province, the Mount Simon sandstone is an appealing deep saline formation for CO{sub 2} storage because of the intersection of reservoir thickness and permeability. Many CO{sub 2} sources are located in proximity to the Arches Province, and the area is adjacent to coal fired power plants along the Ohio River Valley corridor. Geophysical well logs, rock samples, drilling logs, and geotechnical tests were evaluated for a 500,000 km{sup 2} study area centered on the Arches Province. Hydraulic parameters and historical operational information was also compiled from Mount Simon wastewater injection wells in the region. This information was integrated into a geocellular model that depicts the parameters and conditions in a numerical array. The geologic and hydraulic data were integrated into a three-dimensional grid of porosity and permeability, which are key parameters regarding fluid flow and pressure buildup due to CO{sub 2} injection. Permeability data were corrected in locations where reservoir tests have been performed in Mount Simon injection wells. The geocellular model was used to develop a series of numerical simulations designed to support CO2 storage applications in the Arches Province. Variable density fluid flow simulations were initially run to evaluate model sensitivity to input parameters. Two dimensional, multiple-phase simulations were completed to evaluate issues related to arranging injection fields in the study area. A basin-scale, multiple-phase model was developed to evaluate large scale injection effects across the region. Finally, local scale simulations were also completed with more detailed depiction of the Eau Claire formation to investigate to the potential for upward migration of CO2. Overall, the technical work on the project concluded that injection large-scale injection may be achieved with proper field design, operation, siting, and monitoring. Records from Mount Simon injection wells were compiled, documenting more than 20 billion gallons of injection into the Mount Simon formation in the Arches Province over the past 40 years, equivalent to approximately 60 million metric tons CO2. The multi-state team effort was useful in delineating the geographic variability in the Mount Simon reservoir properties. Simulations better defined potential well fields, well field arrangement, CO2 pipeline distribution system, and operational parameters for large-scale injection in the Arches Province. Multiphase scoping level simulations suggest that injection fields with arrays of 9 to 50+ wells may be used to accommodate large injection volumes. Individual wells may need to be separated by 3 to 10 km. Injection fields may require spacing of 25 to 40 km to limit pressure and saturation front interference. Basin-scale multiple-phase simulations in STOMP reflect variability in the Mount Simon. While simulations suggest a total injection rate of 100 million metric tons per year (approximately to a 40% reduction of CO2 emissions from large point sources across the Arches Province) may be feasible,

Sminchak, Joel

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

39

K{sub S} Lambda Photoproduction On The Neutron Within The Resonance Region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report some preliminary differential cross section results for the gammad --> K{sub S} Lambda(p) reaction using a circularly-polarized photon beam and an unpolarized LD{sub 2} target. The data was collected at the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) at Jefferson Lab. For this study the photon energy ranged from 1.3 to 2.53 GeV, which covers from the reaction threshold through the nucleon resonance regimes. The acceptance- and flux-corrected yields show peaks at the center-of mass energies W = 1.7 and W = 1.9 GeV. These first-time results will aid in unraveling the spectrum of non-strange excited baryons.

Taylor, Charles E. [Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID (United States); Cole, Philip L. [Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID (United States)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

"Interconnection","NERC Regional Assesment Area","Net Internal Demand[1] -- Winter"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECSPropaneResidential"Total"2.4 Relative4B Winter net

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41

Effect of temperature on electron spectra in the region of the intrinsic-absorption edge of CdGa{sub 2}Se{sub 4}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of investigation of the temperature dependence of CdGa{sub 2}Se{sub 4} absorption coefficient in the polarized radiation at 5-300 K and that of the emission intensity at 4.2-77 K are presented. The changes observed for the polarization dependence of absorption coefficient and the radiation intensity with decreasing temperature are attributed to a different velocity of motion of states of the valence-band top {Gamma}{sub 3} + {Gamma}{sub 4} and {Gamma}{sub 2} with changing tetragonal compression.

Kerimova, T. G., E-mail: ktaira@physics.ab.az; Guliyev, R. A. [Academy of Sciences of Azerbajan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

On an improved sub-regional water resources management representation for integration into earth system models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Human influence on the hydrologic cycle includes regulation and storage, consumptive use and overall redistribution of water resources in space and time. Representing these processes is essential for applications of earth system models in hydrologic and climate predictions, as well as impact studies at regional to global scales. Emerging large-scale research reservoir models use generic operating rules that are flexible for coupling with earth system models. Those generic operating rules have been successful in reproducing the overall regulated flow at large basin scales. This study investigates the uncertainties of the reservoir models from different implementations of the generic operating rules using the complex multi-objective Columbia River Regulation System in northwestern United States as an example to understand their effects on not only regulated flow but also reservoir storage and fraction of the demand that is met. Numerical experiments are designed to test new generic operating rules that combine storage and releases targets for multi-purpose reservoirs and to compare the use of reservoir usage priorities, withdrawals vs. consumptive demand, as well as natural vs. regulated mean flow for calibrating operating rules. Overall the best performing implementation is the use of the combined priorities (flood control storage targets and irrigation release targets) operating rules calibrated with mean annual natural flow and mean monthly withdrawals. The challenge of not accounting for groundwater withdrawals, or on the contrary, assuming that all remaining demand is met through groundwater extractions, is discussed.

Voisin, Nathalie; Li, Hongyi; Ward, Duane L.; Huang, Maoyi; Wigmosta, Mark S.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

43

Estimates of global, regional, and national annual CO{sub 2} emissions from fossil-fuel burning, hydraulic cement production, and gas flaring: 1950--1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes the compilation, content, and format of the most comprehensive C0{sub 2}-emissions database currently available. The database includes global, regional, and national annual estimates of C0{sub 2} emissions resulting from fossil-fuel burning, cement manufacturing, and gas flaring in oil fields for 1950--92 as well as the energy production, consumption, and trade data used for these estimates. The methods of Marland and Rotty (1983) are used to calculate these emission estimates. For the first time, the methods and data used to calculate CO, emissions from gas flaring are presented. This C0{sub 2}-emissions database is useful for carbon-cycle research, provides estimates of the rate at which fossil-fuel combustion has released C0{sub 2} to the atmosphere, and offers baseline estimates for those countries compiling 1990 C0{sub 2}-emissions inventories.

Boden, T.A.; Marland, G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Andres, R.J. [University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK (United States). Inst. of Northern Engineering

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

A SEARCH FOR INTERSTELLAR CARBON-CHAIN ALCOHOL HC{sub 4}OH IN STAR-FORMING REGION L1527 AND DARK CLOUD TMC-1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a sensitive search for the rotational transitions of the carbon-chain alcohol HC{sub 4}OH in the frequency range 21.2-46.7 GHz in the star-forming region L1527 and the dark cloud TMC-1. The motivation was laboratory detection of HC{sub 4}OH by microwave spectroscopy. Despite achieving rms noise levels of several millikelvin in the antenna temperature using the 45 m telescope at Nobeyama Radio Observatory, the detection was not successful, leading to 3{sigma} upper limits corresponding to the column densities of 2.0 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} and 5.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} cm{sup -2} in L1527 and TMC-1, respectively. These upper limits indicate that [HC{sub 4}OH]/[HC{sub 5}N] ratios are less than 0.3 and 0.1 in L1527 and TMC-1, respectively, where HC{sub 5}N is an HC{sub 4}-chain cyanide and HC{sub 4}OH is a hydroxide. These ratios suggest that the cyano carbon-chain molecule dominates the hydroxyl carbon-chain molecule in L1527 and TMC-1. This is contrary to the case of saturated compounds in hot cores, e.g., CH{sub 3}OH and CH{sub 3}CN, and can be a chemical feature of carbon-chain molecules in L1527 and TMC-1. In addition, the column densities of the 'unsubstituted' carbon-chain molecule C{sub 4}H and the sulfur-bearing molecules SO and HCS{sup +} were determined from detected lines in L1527.

Araki, Mitsunori; Yamabe, Hiromichi; Koshikawa, Naohiro; Tsukiyama, Koichi [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science Division I, Tokyo University of Science, 1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku 162-8601, Tokyo (Japan); Takano, Shuro [Nobeyama Radio Observatory, 462-2 Nobeyama, Minamimaki, Minamisaku, Nagano 384-1305 (Japan); Nakane, Aya; Okabayashi, Toshiaki [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University, 836 Oya, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8529 (Japan); Kunimatsu, Arisa; Kuze, Nobuhiko, E-mail: araki@rs.kagu.tus.ac.jp [Department of Materials and Life Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Sophia University, 7-1 Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku 102-8554, Tokyo (Japan)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

45

THE HDO/H{sub 2}O RATIO IN GAS IN THE INNER REGIONS OF A LOW-MASS PROTOSTAR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The HDO/H{sub 2}O abundance ratio is thought to be a key diagnostic for the evolution of water during the star and planet formation process and thus for its origin on Earth. We here present millimeter-wavelength high angular resolution observations of the deeply embedded protostar NGC 1333-IRAS4B from the Submillimeter Array targeting the 3{sub 12}-2{sub 21} transition of HDO at 225.6 GHz (E{sub u} = 170 K). We do not (or only very tentatively) detect the HDO line toward the central protostar, contrasting the previous prominent detection of a line from another water isotopologue, H{sup 18}{sub 2}O, with similar excitation properties using the IRAM Plateau de Bure Interferometer. The non-detection of the HDO line provides a direct, model-independent, upper limit to the HDO/H{sub 2}O abundance ratio of 6 x 10{sup -4} (3{sigma}) in the warm gas associated with the central protostar. This upper limit suggests that the HDO/H{sub 2}O abundance ratio is not significantly enhanced in the inner {approx}50 AU around the protostar relative to what is seen in comets and Earth's oceans and does not support previous suggestions of a generally enhanced HDO/H{sub 2}O ratio in these systems.

Joergensen, Jes K. [Centre for Star and Planet Formation, Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Oester Voldgade 5-7, DK-1350 Copenhagen K. (Denmark); Van Dishoeck, Ewine F., E-mail: jes@snm.ku.d, E-mail: ewine@strw.leidenuniv.n [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, NL-2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands)

2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

46

Diode laser measurements of H[sub 2]O line intensities and self-broadening coefficients in the 1. 4-[mu]m region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Precise knowledge of water vapor radiative properties in the infrared spectrum is needed for many applications. Such applications include atmospheric sounding experiments, radiative sensing of combustion processes, and optical diagnostics for gas-dynamic and aerodynamic studies. Spectrally resolved measurements of pure water vapor absorption spectra have been performed with a tunable diode laser. The laser, a distributed feedback InGaAsP diode, emits in the 1.4-[mu]m region. A total of 12 lines were studied corresponding to rovibrational transitions within the [nu][sub 1] + [nu][sub 3] and 2[nu][sub 1] vibrational bands. A Voigt profile analysis of lineshape is used to infer both intensities and self-collision-broadening coefficients of the water vapor. Good agreements is found between the observed line intensities and those recently measured by Toth. These results are apparently the first published measurements of the broadening coefficient within this spectral range.

Langlois, S.; Birbeck, T.P.; Hanson, R.K. (Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Energy Efficiency in Western Utility Resource Plans: Impacts on Regional Resources Assessment and Support for WGA Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is equivalent to NERC’s definition of “Net Energy for Load”,their energy-efficiency savings projections, this definition

Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Schlegal, Jeff

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Variable Density Flow Modeling for Simulation Framework for Regional Geologic CO{sub 2} Storage Along Arches Province of Midwestern United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Arches Province in the Midwestern U.S. has been identified as a major area for carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) storage applications because of the intersection of Mt. Simon sandstone reservoir thickness and permeability. To better understand large-scale CO{sub 2} storage infrastructure requirements in the Arches Province, variable density scoping level modeling was completed. Three main tasks were completed for the variable density modeling: Single-phase, variable density groundwater flow modeling; Scoping level multi-phase simulations; and Preliminary basin-scale multi-phase simulations. The variable density modeling task was successful in evaluating appropriate input data for the Arches Province numerical simulations. Data from the geocellular model developed earlier in the project were translated into preliminary numerical models. These models were calibrated to observed conditions in the Mt. Simon, suggesting a suitable geologic depiction of the system. The initial models were used to assess boundary conditions, calibrate to reservoir conditions, examine grid dimensions, evaluate upscaling items, and develop regional storage field scenarios. The task also provided practical information on items related to CO{sub 2} storage applications in the Arches Province such as pressure buildup estimates, well spacing limitations, and injection field arrangements. The Arches Simulation project is a three-year effort and part of the United States Department of Energy (U.S. DOE)/National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) program on innovative and advanced technologies and protocols for monitoring/verification/accounting (MVA), simulation, and risk assessment of CO{sub 2} sequestration in geologic formations. The overall objective of the project is to develop a simulation framework for regional geologic CO{sub 2} storage infrastructure along the Arches Province of the Midwestern U.S.

Joel Sminchak

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

49

SUBMILLIMETER H{sub 2}O MASER IN CIRCINUS GALAXY-A NEW PROBE FOR THE CIRCUMNUCLEAR REGION OF ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the first detection of extragalactic submillimeter H{sub 2}O maser in the 321 GHz transition toward the center of Circinus galaxy, the nearby Type 2 Seyfert using the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array. We find that Doppler features of the detected 321 GHz H{sub 2}O maser straddle the systemic velocity of the galaxy as seen in the spectrum of the known 22 GHz H{sub 2}O maser in the galaxy. By comparing the velocities of the maser features in both transitions, it can be deduced that the 321 GHz maser occurs in a region similar to that of the 22 GHz maser, where the sub-parsec-scale distribution of the 22 GHz maser was revealed by earlier very long baseline interferometry observations. The detected maser features remain unresolved at the synthesized beam of {approx}0.''66 ({approx}15 pc) and coincide with the 321 GHz continuum peak within small uncertainties. We also present a tentative detection of the highest velocity feature (redshifts up to {approx}635 km s{sup -1}) in the galaxy. If this high-velocity feature arises from a Keplerian rotating disk well established in this galaxy, it is located at a radius of {approx}0.018 pc ({approx}1.2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} Schwarzschild radii), which might probe molecular material closest to the central engine.

Hagiwara, Yoshiaki; Miyoshi, Makoto [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Doi, Akihiro [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuou-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Horiuchi, Shinji, E-mail: yoshiaki.hagiwara@nao.ac.jp [CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Canberra Deep Space Communications Complex, P.O. Box 1035, Tuggeranong, ACT 2901 (Australia)

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

50

CO{sub 2} Allowance Allocation in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the Effect on Electricity Investors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative among Northeastern states is expected to lead to an increase in the price of electricity in the region and beyond. In the RGGI region, changes in the value of electricity-generating assets may be positive or negative, while changes outside the Northeast are virtually always positive. For stakeholders in the industry, the change depends on the portfolio of assets held by affected firms. (author)

Burtraw, Dallas; Kahn, Danny; Palmer, Karen

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

CO{sub 2} allowance allocation in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the effect on electricity investors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) is an effort by nine Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states to develop a regional, mandatory, market-based cap-and-trade program to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the electricity sector. The initiative is expected to lead to an increase in the price of electricity in the RGGI region and beyond. The implications of these changes for the value of electricity-generating assets and the market value of the firms that own them depends on the initial allocation of carbon dioxide allowances, the composition of generating assets owned by the firm, and the locations of those assets. Changes in asset values inside the RGGI region may be positive or negative, whereas changes outside of the RGGI region are almost always positive but nonetheless vary greatly. Viewing changes at the firm level aggregates and moderates both positive and negative effects on market value compared with what would be observed by looking at changes at individual facilities. Nonetheless, a particular firm's portfolio of assets is unlikely to reflect the overall composition of assets in the industry as a whole, and some firms are likely to do substantially better or worse than the industry average. 16 refs., 4 figs.

Dallas Burtraw; Danny Kahn; Karen Palmerook

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

52

Conceptual Model Summary Report Simulation Framework for Regional Geologic CO{sub 2} Storage Along Arches Province of Midwestern United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A conceptual model was developed for the Arches Province that integrates geologic and hydrologic information on the Eau Claire and Mt. Simon formations into a geocellular model. The conceptual model describes the geologic setting, stratigraphy, geologic structures, hydrologic features, and distribution of key hydraulic parameters. The conceptual model is focused on the Mt. Simon sandstone and Eau Claire formations. The geocellular model depicts the parameters and conditions in a numerical array that may be imported into the numerical simulations of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) storage. Geophysical well logs, rock samples, drilling logs, geotechnical test results, and reservoir tests were evaluated for a 500,000 km{sup 2} study area centered on the Arches Province. The geologic and hydraulic data were integrated into a three-dimensional (3D) grid of porosity and permeability, which are key parameters regarding fluid flow and pressure buildup due to CO{sub 2} injection. Permeability data were corrected in locations where reservoir tests have been performed in Mt. Simon injection wells. The final geocellular model covers an area of 600 km by 600 km centered on the Arches Province. The geocellular model includes a total of 24,500,000 cells representing estimated porosity and permeability distribution. CO{sub 2} injection scenarios were developed for on-site and regional injection fields at rates of 70 to 140 million metric tons per year.

None

2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

53

Measurement of astrophysical S factors and electron screening potentials for d(d, n){sup 3}He reaction In ZrD{sub 2}, TiD{sub 2}, D{sub 2}O, and CD{sub 2} targets in the ultralow energy region using plasma accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper is devoted to study electron screening effect influence on the rate of d(d, n){sup 3}He reaction in the ultralow deuteron collision energy range in the deuterated polyethylene (CD{sub 2}), frozen heavy water (D{sub 2}O) and deuterated metals (ZrD{sub 2} and TiD{sub 2}). The ZrD{sub 2} and TiD{sub 2} targets were fabricated via magnetron sputtering of titanium and zirconium in gas (deuterium) environment. The experiments have been carried out using high-current plasma pulsed accelerator with forming of inverse Z pinch (HCEIRAS, Russia) and pulsed Hall plasma accelerator (NPI at TPU, Russia). The detection of neutrons with energy of 2.5MeV from dd reaction was done with plastic scintillation spectrometers. As a result of the experiments the energy dependences of astrophysical S factor for the dd reaction in the deuteron collision energy range of 2-7 keV and the values of the electron screening potential U{sub e} of interacting deuterons have been measured for the indicated above target: U{sub e}(CD{sub 2}) Less-Than-Or-Slanted-Equal-To 40 eV; U{sub e}(D{sub 2}O) Less-Than-Or-Slanted-Equal-To 26 eV; U{sub e}(ZrD{sub 2}) = 157 {+-} 43 eV; U{sub e}(TiD{sub 2}) = 125{+-}34 eV. The value of astrophysical S factor, corresponding to the deuteron collision energy equal to zero, in the experiments with D{sub 2}O target is found: S{sub b}(0) = 58.6 {+-} 3.6 keV b. The paper compares our results with other available published experimental and calculated data.

Bystritsky, V. M. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Bystritskii, Vit. M. [University of California, Department of Physics and Astronomy (United States); Dudkin, G. N. [National Scientific Research Tomsk Polytechnical University (Russian Federation); Filipowicz, M. [University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Fuels and Energy, AGH (Poland); Gazi, S.; Huran, J. [Institute of Electrical Engineering SAS (Slovakia); Kobzev, A. P. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Mesyats, G. A. [Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russian Federation); Nechaev, B. A.; Padalko, V. N. [National Scientific Research Tomsk Polytechnical University (Russian Federation); Parzhitskii, S. S. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Pen'kov, F. M. [Institute of Nuclear Physics NNC (Kazakhstan); Philippov, A. V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Kaminskii, V. L. [National Scientific Research Tomsk Polytechnical University (Russian Federation); Tuleushev, Yu. Zh. [Institute of Nuclear Physics NNC (Kazakhstan); Wozniak, J. [University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Physics and Applied Computer Sciences, AGH (Poland)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

54

Determination of the Azimuthal Asymmetry of Deuteron Photodisintegration in the Energy Region E{sub {gamma}} = 1.1 - 2.3 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deuteron photodisintegration is a benchmark process for the investigation of the role of quarks and gluons in nuclei. Existing theoretical models of this process describe the available cross sections with the same degree of success. Therefore, spin-dependent observables are crucial for a better understanding of the underlying dynamical mechanisms. However, data on the induced polarization (P{sub y}), along with the polarization transfers (C{sub x'} and C{sub z'} ), have been shown to be insensitive to differences between theoretical models. On the other hand, the beam-spin asymmetry {Sigma} is predicted to have a large sensitivity and is expected to help in identifying the energy at which the transition from the hadronic to the quark-gluon picture of the deuteron takes place. Here, the work done to determine the experimental values of the beam-spin asymmetry in deuteron photodisintegration for photon energies between 1.1 ? 2.3 GeV is presented. The data were taken with the CLAS at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility during the g13 experiment. Photons with linear polarization of ~80% were produced using the coherent bremsstrahlung facility in Hall B. The work done by the author to calibrate a specific detector system, select deuteron photodisintegration events, study the degree of photon polarization, and finally determine the azimuthal asymmetry and any systematic uncertainties associate with it, is comprehensively explained. This work shows that the collected data provide the kinematic coverage and statistics to test the available QCD-based models. The results of this study show that the available theoretical models in their current state do not adequately predict the azimuthal asymmetry in the energy region 1.1 ? 2.3 GeV.

Nicholas Zachariou

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

55

The 700-1500 cm{sup ?1} region of the S{sub 1} (A{sup ~1}B{sub 2}) state of toluene studied with resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI), zero-kinetic-energy (ZEKE) spectroscopy, and time-resolved slow-electron velocity-map imaging (tr-SEVI) spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report (nanosecond) resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI), (nanosecond) zero-kinetic-energy (ZEKE) and (picosecond) time-resolved slow-electron velocity map imaging (tr-SEVI) spectra of fully hydrogenated toluene (Tol-h{sub 8}) and the deuterated-methyl group isotopologue (?{sub 3}-Tol-d{sub 3}). Vibrational assignments are made making use of the activity observed in the ZEKE and tr-SEVI spectra, together with the results from quantum chemical and previous experimental results. Here, we examine the 700–1500 cm{sup ?1} region of the REMPI spectrum, extending our previous work on the region ?700 cm{sup ?1}. We provide assignments for the majority of the S{sub 1} and cation bands observed, and in particular we gain insight regarding a number of regions where vibrations are coupled via Fermi resonance. We also gain insight into intramolecular vibrational redistribution in this molecule.

Gardner, Adrian M.; Green, Alistair M.; Tamé-Reyes, Victor M.; Reid, Katharine L.; Davies, Julia A.; Parkes, Victoria H. K.; Wright, Timothy G., E-mail: Tim.Wright@nottingham.ac.uk [School of Chemistry, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD (United Kingdom)

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

56

MEMORANDUM TO: Honorable Steven Chu, Secretary Honorable Patricia...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

initiatives being NERC's Critical Infrastructure Strategic Roadmap developed by the Electricity Sub-Sector Coordinating Council and approved by the NERC Board of Trustees in...

57

HIGH-ACCURACY QUARTIC FORCE FIELD CALCULATIONS FOR THE SPECTROSCOPIC CONSTANTS AND VIBRATIONAL FREQUENCIES OF 1{sup 1} A' l-C{sub 3}H{sup -}: A POSSIBLE LINK TO LINES OBSERVED IN THE HORSEHEAD NEBULA PHOTODISSOCIATION REGION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been shown that rotational lines observed in the Horsehead nebula photodissociation region (PDR) are probably not caused by l-C{sub 3}H{sup +}, as was originally suggested. In the search for viable alternative candidate carriers, quartic force fields are employed here to provide highly accurate rotational constants, as well as fundamental vibrational frequencies, for another candidate carrier: 1 {sup 1} A' C{sub 3}H{sup -}. The ab initio computed spectroscopic constants provided in this work are, compared to those necessary to define the observed lines, as accurate as the computed spectroscopic constants for many of the known interstellar anions. Additionally, the computed D{sub eff} for C{sub 3}H{sup -} is three times closer to the D deduced from the observed Horsehead nebula lines relative to l-C{sub 3}H{sup +}. As a result, 1 {sup 1} A' C{sub 3}H{sup -} is a more viable candidate for these observed rotational transitions. It has been previously proposed that at least C{sub 6}H{sup -} may be present in the Horsehead nebular PDR formed by way of radiative attachment through its dipole-bound excited state. C{sub 3}H{sup -} could form in a similar way through its dipole-bound state, but its valence excited state increases the number of relaxation pathways possible to reach the ground electronic state. In turn, the rate of formation for C{sub 3}H{sup -} could be greater than the rate of its destruction. C{sub 3}H{sup -} would be the seventh confirmed interstellar anion detected within the past decade and the first C{sub n}H{sup -} molecular anion with an odd n.

Fortenberry, Ryan C.; Lee, Timothy J. [NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035-1000 (United States); Huang, Xinchuan [SETI Institute, 189 Bernardo Avenue, Suite 100, Mountain View, CA 94043 (United States); Crawford, T. Daniel, E-mail: Timothy.J.Lee@nasa.gov [Department of Chemistry, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061 (United States)

2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

58

Elastic scattering of pions from tritium and {sup 3}He in the backward hemisphere in the region of the {Delta}{sub 33}(1232) resonance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several experiments have measured nominally-charge-symmetric scattering of pions from tritium ({sup 3}H) and {sup 3}He. These experiments have covered incident pion energies from 142 MeV to 295 MeV and scattering angles up to 110{degrees} in the laboratory. The results have been used to study charge-symmetry breaking and nuclear scattering systematics. In the work I have extended these measurements to angles near 180{degrees} for pion energies of 142 MeV, 180 MeV, 220 MeV, and 256 MeV, which bracket the {Delta}{sub 33} pion-nucleon resonance. This is the most extensive set of {pi}T and {pi}{sup 3}He data in this kinematical region. It will allow tests of scattering theory of pion-nucleus interactions and charge-symmetry breaking in back-angle scattering, and, within the limits of these two theories, it may help improve our understanding of the structure of these nuclei.

Matthews, S.K.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

NPCC emphasizes that the DOE 2012 congestion analysis should...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of the applicable: NERC Reliability Standards (see: http:www.nerc.compage.php?cid2|20 ) NPCC Regional Standards and Criteria (see: https:www.npcc.org...

60

Phase equilibria in the quasi-ternary system Ag{sub 2}Se–Ga{sub 2}Se{sub 3}–In{sub 2}Se{sub 3} and physical properties of (Ga{sub 0.6}In{sub 0.4}){sub 2}Se{sub 3}, (Ga{sub 0.594}In{sub 0.396}Er{sub 0.01}){sub 2}Se{sub 3} single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quasi-ternary system Ag{sub 2}Se–Ga{sub 2}Se{sub 3}–In{sub 2}Se{sub 3} was investigated by differential thermal, X-ray phase, X-ray structure, microstructure analysis and microhardness measurements. Five quasi-binary phase diagrams, six polythermal sections, isothermal section at 820 K and the liquidus surface projection were constructed. The character and temperature of the invariant processes were determined. The specific resistance of the single crystals (Ga{sub 0.6}In{sub 0.4}){sub 2}Se{sub 3}, (Ga{sub 0.594}In{sub 0.396}Er{sub 0.01}){sub 2}Se{sub 3} was measured, 7.5×10{sup 5} and 3.15×10{sup 5} ? m, respectively, optical absorption spectra in the 600–1050 nm range were recorded at room temperature, and the band gap energy was estimated which is 1.95±0. 01 eV for both samples. - Graphical abstract: The article reports for the first time the investigated liquidus surface projection of the Ag{sub 2}Se–Ga{sub 2}Se{sub 3}–In{sub 2}Se{sub 3} system and isothermal section at 820 K of the system. Five phase diagrams, six polythermal sections, isothermal section at 820 K and the liquidus surface projection were built at the first time. The existence of the large region of the solid solutions based on AgIn{sub 5}Se{sub 8}, Ga{sub 2}Se{sub 3} and AgGa{sub 1?x}In{sub x}Se{sub 2} was investigated. The existence of two ternary phases was established in the Ga{sub 2}Se{sub 3}–In{sub 2}Se{sub 3} system. Two single crystals (Ga{sub 0.6}In{sub 0.4}){sub 2}Se{sub 3}, (Ga{sub 0.594}In{sub 0.396}Er{sub 0.01}){sub 2}Se{sub 3} were grown and some of optical properties of them were studied at first time. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Liquidus surface projection was built for Ag{sub 2}Se–Ga{sub 2}Se{sub 3}–In{sub 2}Se{sub 3} system. • Solid solution ranges of AgIn{sub 5}Se{sub 8}, Ga{sub 2}Se{sub 3} and AgGa{sub 1?x}In{sub x}Se{sub 2} were investigated. • Two single crystals (Ga{sub 0.6}In{sub 0.4}){sub 2}Se{sub 3}, (Ga{sub 0.594}In{sub 0.396}Er{sub 0.01}){sub 2}Se{sub 3} were grown. • Some optical properties of these single crystals were studied.

Ivashchenko, I.A., E-mail: inna.ivashchenko@mail.ru [Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Eastern European National University, Voli Ave 13, Lutsk 43025 (Ukraine); Danyliuk, I.V.; Olekseyuk, I.D. [Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Eastern European National University, Voli Ave 13, Lutsk 43025 (Ukraine); Halyan, V.V. [Department of General Physics, Eastern European National University, Voli Ave 13, Lutsk 43025 (Ukraine)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region nerc sub" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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61

Temperature-dependent collision-broadening parameters of H[sub 2]O lines in the 1. 4-[mu]m region using diode laser absorption spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiative properties of water vapor in the infrared spectrum are important in a variety of applications, including atmospheric sounding experiments, radiative sensing of combustion processes, and optical diagnostics for gasdynamic and aerodynamic studies. Here, spectrally resolved measurements of water vapor absorption spectra near 1.4 [mu]m have been performed with a tunable, distributed-feedback InGaAsP diode laser. A lineshape analysis was used to infer the collision-broadening coefficient of 11 rovibrational transitions in the [nu] + [nu][sub 3] and 2[nu][sub 1] vibration bands perturbed separately by N[sub 2], O[sub 2], CO[sub 2], and H[sub 2]. The temperature dependence of the broadening coefficients was determined using a temperature-controlled static cell and a pressure-driven shock tube over the range 300--1,200 K. The measured coefficients are in good agreement with the previous calculations of Delaye. Also, agreement is found between prior experimental data, obtained for the same rotational transitions but different vibration bands, and the results.

Langlois, S.; Birbeck, T.P.; Hanson, R.K. (Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering)

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Evidence for tt?? Production and Measurement of (?<sub> tt?sub>)?/(?tt?>)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using data corresponding to 6.0 fb-1 of pp? collisions at ?s = 1.96 TeV collected by the CDF II detector, we present a cross section measurement of top-quark pair production with an additional radiated photon, tt??. The events are selected by looking for a lepton (ell), a photon (?), significant transverse momentum imbalance (E<sub>T>), large total transverse energy, and three or more jets, with at least one identified as containing a b quark (b). The tt?? sample requires the photon to have 10 GeV or more of transverse energy, and to be in the central region. Using an event selection optimized for the tt?? candidate sample we measure the production cross section of tt? (?<sub>tt?>), and the ratio of cross sections of the two samples. Control samples in the dilepton+photon and lepton+photon+E<sub>T>, channels are constructed to aid in decay product identification and background measurements. We observe 30 tt?? candidate events compared to the standard model expectation of 26.9 ± 3.4 events. We measure the tt?? cross section (?<sub>tt?>) to be 0.18 ± 0.08 pb, and the ratio of ?<sub>tt?>? to ?<sub>tt?> to be 0.024 ± 0.009. Assuming no tt?? production, we observe a probability of 0.0015 of the background events alone producing 30 events or more, corresponding to 3.0 standard deviations.

Aaltonen, T [Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B [Oviedo U.; Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S [INFN, Padua; Amidei, D [Michigan U.; Anastassov, A [Northwestern U.; Annovi, A [Frascati; Antos, J [Comenius U.; Apollinari, G [Fermilab; Appel, J A [Fermilab; Apresyan, A [Purdue U.; Arisawa, T [Waseda U.; Dubna, JINR

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

63

CO{sub 2} Sequestration Capacity and Associated Aspects of the Most Promising Geologic Formations in the Rocky Mountain Region: Local-Scale Analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide a summary of individual local-­?scale CCS site characterization studies conducted in Colorado, New Mexico and Utah. These site-­? specific characterization analyses were performed as part of the “Characterization of Most Promising Sequestration Formations in the Rocky Mountain Region” (RMCCS) project. The primary objective of these local-­?scale analyses is to provide a basis for regional-­?scale characterization efforts within each state. Specifically, limits on time and funding will typically inhibit CCS projects from conducting high-­? resolution characterization of a state-­?sized region, but smaller (< 10,000 km{sup 2}) site analyses are usually possible, and such can provide insight regarding limiting factors for the regional-­?scale geology. For the RMCCS project, the outcomes of these local-­?scale studies provide a starting point for future local-­?scale site characterization efforts in the Rocky Mountain region.

Laes, Denise; Eisinger, Chris; Morgan, Craig; Rauzi, Steve; Scholle, Dana; Scott, Phyllis; Lee, Si-Yong; Zaluski, Wade; Esser, Richard; Matthews, Vince; McPherson, Brian

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

64

Synthesis and morphology of Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals with tungsten bronze structure in RE{sub 2}O{sub 3}-BaO-Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses (RE: Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, Er)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals with a tetragonal tungsten bronze (TTB) structure are synthesized using a conventional glass crystallization technique in 2.3RE{sub 2}O{sub 3}-27.4BaO-34.3Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-36B{sub 2}O{sub 3} (mol%) (RE=Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy, and Er) glasses. One sharp crystallization peak is observed at {approx}670 Degree-Sign C in both powdered and bulk glasses, and the formation of Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals with unit cell parameters of a{approx}1.24 nm and c{approx}0.39 nm was confirmed. It is found from high resolution transmission electron microscope observations that the morphology of Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals is ellipsoidal. Their average particle size is in the range of 15-60 nm and decreases with decreasing ionic radius of RE{sup 3+} being present in the precursor glasses. The optical transparent crystallized glass (bulk) shows the total photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield of 53% in the visible region of Eu{sup 3+} ions, suggesting a high potential of Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals as PL materials. - Graphical abstract: This figure shows a TEM photograph for the heat-treated (667 Degree-Sign C, 3 h) sample of 2.3Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3}-27.4BaO-34.3Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-36B{sub 2}O{sub 3}. An ellipsoidal-shaped Ba{sub 1-x}Dy{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystal with diameters of 17 and 28 nm is observed. The ellipsoidal morphology is a common feature in Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals synthesized by the crystallization of 2.3RE{sub 2}O{sub 3}-27.4BaO-34.3Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-36B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals with a tetragonal tungsten bronze structure are synthesized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A glass crystallization technique was applied. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The morphology of Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals is ellipsoidal. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The average particle size with 15-60 nm decreases with decreasing ionic radius of RE{sup 3+}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ba{sub 1-x}RE{sub 2x/3}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} nanocrystals have a high potential as photoluminescence materials.

Ida, H.; Shinozaki, K.; Honma, T.; Oh-ishi, K. [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)] [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan); Komatsu, T., E-mail: komatsu@mst.nagaokaut.ac.jp [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

Measurement of the Target-Normal Single-Spin Asymmetry A{sub y}{sup n} in the Deep Inelastic Region from the Reaction {sup 3}He{up_arrow}(e,e')  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A first measurement of the inclusive target single-spin asymmetry, A{sup n}{sub y}, has been performed in deep-inelastic scattering of electrons from a {sup 3}He target polarized normal to the electron scattering plane. This asymmetry is void of contributions at the Born level, and thus is a direct observable for two-photon physics. The experiment was performed in Hall A at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility from October 2008 through early February 2009. The measurement is the first from a polarized neutron target. The final overall precision is several times better than previously existing SLAC proton data, and significantly extends the kinematic range over which the asymmetry has been measured. The asymmetry was measured at five kinematic points in the deep inelastic scattering region covering Q{sup 2} = 1 - 3 GeV{sup 2} and x{sub B} = 0.16 to 0.41. The asymmetry varied from 0.006 to 0.071 with astatistical precision at the 10{sup -2} level.

Katich, Joseph [William and Mary College

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Interactions of Ba{sub 2}YCu{sub 3}O{sub 6+y} with the Gd{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} buffer layer in coated conductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A systematic study of the chemical interaction of Ba{sub 2}YCu{sub 3}O{sub 6+y} and Gd{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} was conducted under two processing conditions: purified air (21% p{sub o{sub 2}}), and 100 Pa p{sub o{sub 2}} (0.1% p{sub o{sub 2}}). Phases present along the pseudo-binary join Ba{sub 2}YCu{sub 3}O{sub 6z} and Gd{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} were found to be in two five-phase volumes within the BaO-1/2 Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}-1/2 Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-CuO{sub y} system. Three common phases that are present in all samples are (Y,Gd){sub 2}Cu{sub 2}O{sub 5}, Ba(Y,Gd){sub 2}CuO{sub 5} and Cu{sub 2}O or CuO (depending on the processing conditions). The assemblies of phases can be categorized in three regions, with Ba{sub 2}YCu{sub 3}O{sub 6+y}: Gd{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} ratios of (I)<5.5:4.5; (II)=5.5:4.5; and (III)>5.5:4.5. The lowest melting temperature of the system was determined to be {approx}938 deg. C in air, and 850 deg. C at 100 Pa p{sub o{sub 2}}. Structure determinations of two selected phases, Ba{sub 2}(Gd{sub x}Y{sub 1-x})NbO{sub 6} (Fm3-barm, No. 225), and (Gd{sub x}Y{sub 3-x})NbO{sub 7} (C222{sub 1}, No. 20 and Ccmm, No. 63), were completed using the X-ray Rietveld refinement technique. Reference X-ray powder diffraction patterns for selected phases of Ba{sub 2}(Gd{sub x}Y{sub 1-x})NbO{sub 6} (x=0.2, 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8) and (Gd{sub x}Y{sub 3-x})NbO{sub 7} (x=0.6, 1.2, 1.8, 2.4 and 3) have been prepared for inclusion in the Powder Diffraction File (PDF). - Graphical abstract: Crystal structure for (Gd{sub x}Y{sub 3-x})NbO{sub 7} showing the partial layered feature. The alternate stacking of distorted NbO{sub 6} octahedra and (Gd,Y)O{sub 7} polyhedra are illustrated. The (Gd,Y)O{sub 8} polyhedra are omitted for clarity.

Wong-Ng, W., E-mail: Winnie.wong-ng@nist.go [Ceramics Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899 (United States); Yang, Z. [Ceramics Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899 (United States); Kaduk, J.A. [INEOS Technology, Naperville, IL 60566-7011 (United States); Cook, L.P. [Ceramics Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899 (United States); Paranthaman, M. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

67

Low energy N{sub 2} ion bombardment for removal of (HfO{sub 2}){sub x}(SiON){sub 1-x} in dilute HF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ion assisted wet removal of (HfO{sub 2}){sub x}(SiON){sub 1-x} high dielectric constant (k) materials and its effect on electrical properties were investigated. Crystallization temperature of (HfO{sub 2}){sub x}(SiON){sub 1-x} increased as the percentage of SiON increased. The crystallized (HfO{sub 2}){sub 0.6}(SiON){sub 0.4} was damaged and turned to an amorphous film via incorporation of N species into the film by N{sub 2} plasma treatment. In addition, the structure of (HfO{sub 2}){sub 0.6}(SiON){sub 0.4} was disintegrated into HfO{sub 2}, SiO(N), and ON after N{sub 2} plasma treatment. N{sub 2} plasmas using low bias power were applied for wet removal of high-k films and the mechanism of the ion assisted wet removal process was explored. When high bias power was applied, the surface of source and drain regions was nitrided via the reaction between N and Si substrates. Feasibility of the low bias power assisted wet removal process was demonstrated for short channel high-k metal oxide semiconductor device fabrication by the smaller shift of threshold voltage, compared to the high bias power assisted wet removal process as well as the wet-etching-only process.

Hwang, Wan Sik; Cho, Byung-Jin; Chan, Daniel S. H.; Yoo, Won Jong [Silicon Nano Device Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, E4A 02-04, Engineering Drive 3, 117576 Singapore (Singapore); SKKU Advanced Institute of Nanotechnology (SAINT) and Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University 300 Cheoncheon-dong, Jangan-gu, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 440-746 (Korea, Republic of)

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

68

Effect of Ag on the peritectic decomposition of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub x}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the melt processing of superconducting wires and tapes a number of partial liquid phase regions are entered, and the type and amount of second phases that exist in the melt before cooling are critical in determining the microstructure of the final material. Decomposition pathway of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub x}(Bi2212) with 0, 2, and 10 wt% Ag added was examined at 1 bar PO{sub 2} by performing SAME/EDS analysis on oil quenched samples. A variety of quaternary phase diagrams were constructed to describe the evolution of the phase assemblage with temperature. At all Ag contents, Bi2212 first undergoes a peritectic reaction producing (Sr{sub 1-x}Ca{sub x}){sub 14}Cu{sub 24}O{sub 41}(14,24), Bi{sub 2}(Sr{sub 1-x}Ca{sub x}){sub 4}O{sub x}(24x), and liquid.

Margulies, L.; Dennis, K.W.; Kramer, M.J.; McCallum, R.W. [Ames Lab., IA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

69

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment of Energy Advanced Framing -Nissan: ISO 50001

70

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and winter and summer forecasts; monitors the bulk power systems; and educates, trains, and certifies industry personnel. North American Electric Reliability Corporation...

71

Wireless System Considerations When Implementing NERC Critical  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of EnergyofProject isNovember 07, 2007What Isand

72

A correlated K-distribution model of the heating rates for H[sub 2]O and a molecular mixture in the 0-2500 cm[sup [minus]1] wavelength region in the atmosphere between 0 and 60 km  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For this report a prototype infrared radiative transfer model using a correlated k-distribution technique to calculate the transmission between atmospheric levels has been used to calculate the radiative fluxes and heating rates for H[sub 2]O and a mixture of the major molecular absorbers in the atmosphere between 0 and 60 km. The mixture consists of H[sub 2]O, CO[sub 2], O[sub 3], CH[sub 4], and N[sub 2]O. The wave number range considered is 0-2500 cm[sup [minus]1]. The use of the k-distribution method allows 25 cm[sup [minus]1] wave number bins to produce fluxes and heating rates which are within ten percent of the results of detailed line by line calculations.

Grossman, A S; Grant, K E

1992-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

73

Life-Cycle Water Impacts of U.S. Transportation Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cycle Water Consumption for WECC NERC Region ElectricityCycle Water Withdrawals for WECC NERC Region ElectricityTRE TS&D USDA USGS VC W WECC WSI International Organization

Scown, Corinne Donahue

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Liquid-phase oxidation of anthracene by hydrogen peroxide in the presence of vanadium oxide bronzes Cu{sub x}V{sub 2}O{sub 5}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vanadium oxide bronzes of the general formula Cu{sub x}V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, where 0 sub 2}O{sub 2}. The anthracene conversion and the selectivity with respect to anthraquinone are maximum within the region of {Beta}- and {Xi}-phases respectively close to the compositions Cu{sub 0.6} V{sub 2}O{sub 5} and Cu{sub 0.95}V{sub 2}O{sub 5}. This is connected with change in the electronic structure of the catalyst, which is a function of the copper content. 11 refs., 1 tab.

Men`shikov, S.Yu.; Vurasko, A.V.; Petrov, L.A.; Volkov, V.L.; Novoselova, A.A. [Inst. of Chemistry, Sverdlovsk (Russian Federation)

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

75

Phase evolution studies in CaZrTi{sub 2}O{sub 7}?RE{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} (RE?=?Nd{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+}) system: Futuristic ceramic host matrices for nuclear waste immobilization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Series of compositions with general stoichiometry as Ca{sub 1?x}Zr{sub 1?x}RE{sub 2x}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} (RE?=?Nd{sup 3+}, Sm{sup 3+}) were prepared by solid state reaction and characterized by powder x-ray diffraction technique to unravel the phase fields in the title systems. The phase fields in CaZrTi{sub 2}O{sub 7?}Nd{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} and CaZrTi{sub 2}O{sub 7?}Sm{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} systems differed significantly at the rareearth rich regions. The common phase fields like zirconolite-2M, zirconolite-4M, cubic perovskite are observed at the zirconolite rich regions of both systems. Depending on the structure of RE{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} phase, the cubic pyrochlore or monoclinic RE{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} phases are observed in the studied system. The observed phase fields in these two systems indicate ionic radius of the rare-earth ion has a dominating role in the phase relations. Further details of the phases and their homogeneity are explained in the text of the manuscript.

Jafar, M., E-mail: sachary@barc.gov.in; Achary, S. N., E-mail: sachary@barc.gov.in; Tyagi, A. K., E-mail: sachary@barc.gov.in [Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai-400085 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

76

Indonesia-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

References "Asia Regional" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleIndonesia-SubNationalPlanningforClimateChange(cities,states,districts)&oldid700428...

77

Cambodia-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

References "Asia Regional" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCambodia-SubNationalPlanningforClimateChange(cities,states,districts)&oldid700434...

78

Vibrational spectroscopy of the ammoniated ammonium ions NH sub 4 sup + (NH sub 3 ) sub n (n = 1-10)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gas-phase vibration-internal rotation spectra of mass-selected ammoniated ammonium ions, NH{sub 4}{sup +}(NH{sub 3}){sub n} (for n = 1-10), have been observed from 2600 to 4000 cm{sup {minus}1}. The spectra show vibrational features that have been assigned to modes involving both the ion core species, NH{sub 4}{sup +}, and the first shell NH{sub 3} solvent molecules. Nearly free internal rotation of the solvent molecules about their local C{sub 3} axes in the first solvation shell has been observed in the smaller clusters (n = 1-6). For the larger clusters studied (n = 7-10) the spectra converge, with little difference between clusters differing by one solvent molecule. For these clusters, the spectrum in the 3200-3500 cm{sup {minus}1} region is quite similar to that of liquid ammonia, and the entire region of 2600-3500 cm{sup {minus}1} also bears considerable resemblance to the spectra of ammonium salts dissolved in liquid ammonia under some chemical conditions. This indicates the onset of a liquidlike environment for the ion core and first shell solvent molecules in clusters as small as NH{sub 4}{sup +}(NH{sub 3}){sub 8}.

Price, J.M.; Crofton, M.W.; Lee, Y.T. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States) Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States))

1991-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

79

K{sub 2}Fe{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7}: A transparent nonlinear optical crystal with frustrated magnetism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new noncentrosymmetric ferroborate crystal, K{sub 2}Fe{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7}, has been grown from high temperature melt. Structure solution from single crystal X-ray diffraction shows that the title compound crystallizes in a trigonal space group P321 with cell dimensions of a=8.7475(12) A and c=8.5124(17) A. In the structure, FeO{sub 4} tetrahedron shares its three basal oxygen atoms with BO{sub 3} triangles forming a two-dimensional layer in the ab plane and the layers are connected by the apical Fe-O bonds along the c direction. The crystal is transparent in the visible and near infrared region from 500 to 2000 nm with three pronounced absorption bands ascribed to d-d transitions of tetrahedrally coordinated Fe{sup 3+} ions. Though, structurally analog to K{sub 2}Al{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7}, the further twisting of the BO{sub 3} groups between adjacent layers reduces its optical nonlinearity to a second-harmonic generation intensity of about 0.4 times that of KDP. Spin-glass behavior is observed at 20 K which is probably due to geometrically magnetic frustration of the triangular Fe net in the ab plane. - Graphical abstract: Single crystal of a new ferroborate K{sub 2}Fe{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 7}, space group P321, a=8.7475(3) A, c=8.5124(3) A, was obtained and characterized. It exhibits considerable SHG efficiency and frustrated magnetism originated from the triangular Fe net in the ab plane.

Wang Yonggang [Beijing Center for Crystal Research and Development, Key Laboratory of Functional Crystals and Laser Technology, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Li, R.K., E-mail: rkli@mail.ipc.ac.c [Beijing Center for Crystal Research and Development, Key Laboratory of Functional Crystals and Laser Technology, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

80

X-ray and neutron powder diffraction studies of Ba(Nd{sub x}Y{sub 2-x})CuO{sub 5}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ba(R,R'){sub 2}CuO{sub 5} (R,R'=lanthanides and Y) plays an important role as a flux-pinning agent in enhancing the superconducting properties of the Ba{sub 2}(R,R')Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} (R,R'=lanthanides and Y) coated conductors. Using X-ray diffraction and neutron diffraction, we found that the Ba(Nd{sub x}Y{sub 2-x})CuO{sub 5} solid solution adopts two structure types. In the Nd-rich region (1.8{<=}x{<=}2.0), the materials are of brown color (commonly referred to as the 'brown phase'), and the structure is tetragonal with space group I4/mbm (no. 127). In the Y-rich region (0.0{<=}x{<=}1.4), the materials are green (commonly referred to as the 'green phase') and the structure is orthorhombic with space group Pnma (no. 62). A two-phase region (1.4sub x}Y{sub 2-x})CuO{sub 5} (isostructural to BaY{sub 2}CuO{sub 5}), are discussed in this paper. - Graphical abstract: Perspective view of the 'green phase' Ba(Nd{sub x}Y{sub 2-x})CuO{sub 5} structure along the b-axis, showing the isolated square pyramids of [CuO{sub 5}] and the trigonal prisms, RO{sub 7}, around the lanthanide sites.

Liu, G. [Ceramics Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD 20899 (United States); Huang, Q. [NIST Center for Neutron Research, Naperville, IL 60563 (United States); Kaduk, J.A. [INEOS Technologies, Naperville, IL 60563 (United States); Yang, Z. [Yunnan Normal University, Kunming 650092 (China); Lucas, C. [Chemistry and Biochemistry Department, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Wong-Ng, W. [Ceramics Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD 20899 (United States)], E-mail: Winnie.wong-ng@nist.gov

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region nerc sub" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Effects of thermal annealing on the microstructure of sputtered Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} coatings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The morphology and microstructure of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} thin films deposited by pulsed direct current magnetron sputtering were studied in the as-grown state and after vacuum annealing at 1000 deg. C for 12 h using transmission electron microscopy. For the coating deposited under low ion bombardment conditions, the film consists of small {gamma}- and/or {delta}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} grains embedded in an amorphous matrix. The grain size at the region close to the interface to the substrate was much larger than that of the remaining layer. Growth of the {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} phase is promoted during annealing but no transformation to {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} was detected. For high-energetic growth conditions, clear evidence for {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} formation was found in the upper part of the coating with grain size much larger than for low-energetic growth, but the film was predominately amorphous at the interface region. Annealing resulted in the transformation of {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} to {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, while the mainly amorphous part crystallized to {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}.

Edlmayr, V.; Harzer, T. P.; Hoffmann, R.; Kiener, D.; Scheu, C.; Mitterer, C. [Department of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Testing, University of Leoben, A-8700 Leoben (Austria); Department of Chemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, D-81377 Munich (Germany); Department of Physical Metallurgy and Materials Testing, University of Leoben, A-8700 Leoben (Austria)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

Optical remote monitoring of CH/sub 4/ gas using low-loss optical fiber link and InGaAsP light-emitting diode in 1. 33-. mu. m region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purely optical remote monitoring of low-level CH/sub 4/ gas is realized for the first time by the method employing a 2-km long-distance, low-loss silica optical fiber link and a compact absorption cell in conjunction with a high radiant InGaAsP light-emitting diode (LED) at 1.33 ..mu..m. Based on the present experiment, the detection limit of CH/sub 4/ in air was confirmed to be approximately 2000 ppm, i.e., 4% of the lower explosion limit of CH/sub 4/. This result supports the conclusion that the fully optical remote sensing system incorporating ultralow loss optical fiber networks and near infrared LEDs or laser diodes can be extensively used for the detection and surveillance of various inflammable and/or explosive gases in industrial and mining complexes as well as in residential areas.

Chan, K.; Ito, H.; Inaba, H.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Concentration profiles across twin boundaries in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+{delta}}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Twin boundaries in polycrystalline YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+{delta}} have been studied by atom-probe field-ion microscopy. Oxygen depletion at a twin boundary in a {delta}=0.6 material was observed. The width of the depleted region was 6{endash}7 nm. It agrees well with the width of oxygen depletion calculated from the oxygen-depleted twin boundary model by Jou and Washburn. However, a twin boundary in a {delta}=0.9 material did not show any oxygen depletion. This study provides direct evidence of oxygen depletion at twin boundaries in polycrystalline YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+{delta}} ceramics. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Hu, Q.; Stiller, K.; Olsson, E.; Andren, H. [Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology and University of Goeteborg, S-412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden)] [Department of Physics, Chalmers University of Technology and University of Goeteborg, S-412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden); Berastegui, P.; Johansson, L. [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Chalmers University of Technology and University of Goeteborg, S-412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden)] [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Chalmers University of Technology and University of Goeteborg, S-412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Effects of N{sub 2}, O{sub 2}, and Ar plasma treatments on the removal of crystallized HfO{sub 2} film  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of plasma treatment using Ar, N{sub 2}, and O{sub 2} on the removal of crystallized HfO{sub 2} films in a dilute HF solution were studied. The resulting damage in source and drain regions, and recess in isolation regions were also investigated. It was found that plasma nitridation with an ion energy of several hundred electron volts can lower the wet etch resistance of crystallized HfO{sub 2} films up to 70 A thick through the generation of Hf-N bonds. However, thermal nitridation did not introduce sufficient nitrogen into bulk crystallized HfO{sub 2} films to lower wet etch resistance. Plasma nitridation without bias power introduced nitrogen to the crystallized HfO{sub 2} in the region only within 10 A of the surface. The enhancement of the etch rate of crystallized HfO{sub 2} in dilute HF and the amount of recess in the active and isolation regions using N{sub 2}, O{sub 2}, and Ar plasma treatment have been evaluated. Results show that N{sub 2} plasma treatment is the most effective in enhancing the removal rate of crystallized HfO{sub 2} in dilute HF and minimizing recess on substrate among the plasmas studied.

Chen Jinghao; Yoo, Won Jong; Chan, Daniel S.H. [Silicon Nano Device Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, 4 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117576 (Singapore)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

85

Colossal anisotropic resistivity and oriented magnetic domains in strained La{sub 0.325}Pr{sub 0.3}Ca{sub 0.375}MnO{sub 3} films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetic and resistive anisotropies have been studied for the La{sub 0.325}Pr{sub 0.3}Ca{sub 0.375}MnO{sub 3} films with different thicknesses grown on low symmetric (011)-oriented (LaAlO{sub 3}){sub 0.3}(SrAl{sub 0.5}Ta{sub 0.5}O{sub 3}){sub 0.7} substrates. In the magnetic and electronic phase separation region, a colossal anisotropic resistivity (AR) of ?10{sup 5}% and an anomalous large anisotropic magnetoresistance can be observed for 30 nm film. However, for 120 nm film, the maximum AR decreases significantly (?2?×?10{sup 3}%) due to strain relaxation. The colossal AR is strongly associated with the oriented formation of magnetic domains, and the features of the strain effects are believed to be useful for the design of artificial materials and devices.

Jiang, Tao; Yang, Shengwei; Liu, Yukuai; Zhao, Wenbo; Feng, Lei; Li, Xiaoguang, E-mail: lixg@ustc.edu.cn [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, Department of Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China); Zhou, Haibiao; Lu, Qingyou [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, Department of Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China); High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Sciences and University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230031 (China); Hou, Yubin [High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Chinese Academy of Sciences and University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230031 (China)

2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

86

Wave-function engineering and absorption spectra in Si{sub 0.16}Ge{sub 0.84}/Ge{sub 0.94}Sn{sub 0.06}/Si{sub 0.16}Ge{sub 0.84} strained on relaxed Si{sub 0.10}Ge{sub 0.90} type I quantum well  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We theoretically investigate germanium-tin alloy as a semiconductor for the design of near infrared optical modulators in which the Ge{sub 1?x}Sn{sub x} alloy is the active region. We have calculated the electronic band parameters for heterointerfaces between strained Ge{sub 1?x}Sn{sub x} and relaxed Si{sub 1?y}Ge{sub y}. Then, a type-I strain-compensated Si{sub 0.10}Ge{sub 0.90}/Si{sub 0.16}Ge{sub 0.84}/Ge{sub 0.94}Sn{sub 0.06} quantum well heterostructure optimized in terms of compositions and thicknesses is studied by solving Schrödinger equation without and under applied bias voltage. The strong absorption coefficient (>1.5?×?10{sup 4}?cm{sup ?1}) and the shift of the direct transition under large Stark effect at 3?V are useful characteristics for the design of optoelectronic devices based on compressively strained IV-IV heterostructures at near infrared wavelengths.

Yahyaoui, N., E-mail: naima.yahyaoui@yahoo.fr, E-mail: moncef-said@yahoo.fr; Sfina, N.; Said, M., E-mail: naima.yahyaoui@yahoo.fr, E-mail: moncef-said@yahoo.fr [Laboratoire de la Matière Condensée et des Nanosciences (LMCN), Département de Physique, Faculté des Sciences de Monastir, Avenue de l'Environnement, 5019 Monastir (Tunisia); Lazzari, J.-L. [Centre Interdisciplinaire de Nanoscience de Marseille (CINaM), UMR CNRS 7325, Aix-Marseille Université, Case 913, Campus de Luminy, 13288 Marseille cedex 9 (France); Bournel, A. [Institut d'Electronique Fondamentale (IEF), UMR CNRS 8622, Université Paris-Sud, Bât. 220, 91405 Orsay cedex (France)

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

87

Cationic disorder and Mn{sup 3+}/Mn{sup 4+} charge ordering in the B? and B? sites of Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}NbO{sub 9} perovskite: a comparison with Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}WO{sub 9}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the preparation, crystal structure determination, magnetic and transport properties of two novel Mn-containing perovskites, with a different electronic configuration for Mn atoms located in B site. Ca{sub 3}Mn{sup 3+}{sub 2}WO{sub 9} and Ca{sub 3}Mn{sup 3+/4+}{sub 2}NbO{sub 9} were synthesized by standard ceramic procedures; the crystallographic structure was studied from X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) and neutron powder diffraction (NPD). Both phases exhibit a monoclinic symmetry (S.G.: P2{sub 1}/n); Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}WO{sub 9} presents a long-range ordering over the B sites, whereas Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}NbO{sub 9} is strongly disordered. By “in-situ” NPD, the temperature evolution of the structure study presents an interesting evolution in the octahedral size (?Mn–O?) for Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}NbO{sub 9}, driven by a charge ordering effect between Mn{sup 3+} and Mn{sup 4+} atoms, related to the anomaly observed in the transport measurements at T?160 K. Both materials present a magnetic order below T{sub C}=30 K and 40 K for W and Nb materials, respectively. The magneto-transport measurements display non-negligible magnetoresistance properties in the paramagnetic regime. - Graphical abstract: Comparison between the octahedron size and the magnetic behaviour for Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}NbO{sub 9} in the temperature region where the charge and magnetic order occur. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Two novel Mn-containing double perovskites were obtained by solid-state reactions. • Both double perovskites are monoclinic (P2{sub 1}/n) determined by XRPD and NPD. • Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}WO{sub 9} contains Mn{sup 3+} while Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}NbO{sub 9} includes mixed-valence cations Mn{sup 3+}/Mn{sup 4+}. • Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}NbO{sub 9} presents a charge-ordering effect between Mn{sup 3+} and Mn{sup 4+} evidenced by NPD. • The magnetic and transport studies evidenced the charge ordering in Ca{sub 3}Mn{sub 2}NbO{sub 9}.

López, C.A., E-mail: calopez@unsl.edu.ar [INTEQUI-Área de Química General e Inorgánica “Dr. G. F. Puelles”, Facultad de Química, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Chacabuco y Pedernera, 5700 San Luis (Argentina); Centro Atómico Bariloche, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica and Instituto Balseiro, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, 8400S.C. de Bariloche, Río Negro (Argentina); Saleta, M.E. [Centro Atómico Bariloche, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica and Instituto Balseiro, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, 8400S.C. de Bariloche, Río Negro (Argentina); Pedregosa, J.C. [INTEQUI-Área de Química General e Inorgánica “Dr. G. F. Puelles”, Facultad de Química, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Chacabuco y Pedernera, 5700 San Luis (Argentina); Sánchez, R.D. [Centro Atómico Bariloche, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica and Instituto Balseiro, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, 8400S.C. de Bariloche, Río Negro (Argentina); Alonso, J.A. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, CSIC, Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); and others

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

88

New chalcogenide glasses in the CdTe-AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Determination of the glass-forming region in the pseudo-ternary CdTe-AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} system. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Characterization of macroscopic properties of the new CdTe-AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} glasses. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Characterization of the total conductivity of CdTe-AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} glasses. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Comparison between the selenide and telluride equivalent systems. -- Abstract: Chalcogenide glasses in the pseudo-ternary CdTe-AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} system were synthesized and the glass-forming range was determined. The maximum content of CdTe in this glass system was found to be equal to 15 mol.%. The macroscopic characterizations of samples have consisted in Differential Scanning Calorimetry, density, and X-ray diffraction measurements. The cadmium telluride addition does not generate any significant change in the glass transition temperature but the resistance of binary AgI-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} glasses towards crystallisation is estimated to be decreasing on the base of {Delta}T = T{sub x} - T{sub g} parameter. The total electrical conductivity {sigma} was measured by complex impedance spectroscopy. First, the CdTe additions in the (AgI){sub 0.5}(As{sub 2}Te{sub 3}){sub 0.5} host glass, (CdTe){sub x}(AgI){sub 0.5-x/2}(As{sub 2}Te{sub 3}){sub 0.5-x/2} lead to a conductivity decrease at x {<=} 0.05. Then, the behaviour is reversed at 0.05 {<=} x {<=} 0.15. The obtained results are discussed by comparison with the equivalent selenide system.

Kassem, M. [Univ. Picardie Jules Verne, F-80000 Amiens (France)] [Univ. Picardie Jules Verne, F-80000 Amiens (France); Le Coq, D., E-mail: david.lecoq@univ-littoral.fr [Univ. Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille (France); ULCO, LPCA, EA 4493, F-59140 Dunkerque (France); Boidin, R.; Bychkov, E. [Univ. Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille (France) [Univ. Lille Nord de France, F-59000 Lille (France); ULCO, LPCA, EA 4493, F-59140 Dunkerque (France)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

Conditions for uniform growth of GaAs/sub 1-//sub x-italic/P/sub x-italic/ superlattices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonplanar morphology and compositional inhomogeneity are observed in GaAs/sub 1-//sub x-italic/P/sub x-italic/ superlattices when the phosphorus content is substantially different in adjacent sublayers. The main characteristic feature of the distortion is a series of ribbonlike regions running through the superlattice which etch at a faster rate and contain more phosphorus than the surrounding material and are also the source of clusters of dislocations. Morphological stability and a general decrease in dislocation density can be effected by decreasing the interlayer strain, i.e., compositional difference, between the superlattice sublayers.

Blakeslee, A.E.; Kibbler, A.; Wanlass, M.W.; Biefeld, R.M.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Improvement in elastic properties of CuAl{sub 0.4}Fe{sub 1.6}O{sub 4} spinel ferrite by rapid thermal cooling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The elastic properties of spinel ferrite composition, CuAl{sub 0.4}Fe{sub 1.6}O{sub 4}, quenched from final sintering temperature of 1373 K to liquid nitrogen temperature (? 80K) have been studied by means of X-ray powder diffractometry and pulse echo-overlap technique (9 MHz) at 300 K. The magnitude of elastic constants is found to enhance by 15% compared to slowly-cooled counterpart. The observed mechanical strengthening has been discussed in the light of compressive stress on the surface, with tensile stresses at interior regions and corresponding changes in structural parameters. The B{sub o}/G{sub o} ratio indicates the brittle nature of CuAl{sub 0.4}Fe{sub 1.6}O{sub 4}.

Modi, K. B., E-mail: kunalbmodi2003@yahoo.com; Shah, S. J., E-mail: kunalbmodi2003@yahoo.com; Pathak, T. K., E-mail: kunalbmodi2003@yahoo.com; Vasoya, N. H., E-mail: kunalbmodi2003@yahoo.com; Lakhani, V. K., E-mail: kunalbmodi2003@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Saurashtra University, Rajkot-360005 (India); Yahya, A. K. [School of Physics and Materials Studies, University Technology MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor (Malaysia)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

91

Glass formation and the third harmonic generation of Cu{sub 2}Se–GeSe{sub 2}–As{sub 2}Se{sub 3} glasses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed the investigation of the nonlinear optical properties namely the third harmonic generation (THG) of the glass-formation region in the Cu{sub 2}Se–GeSe{sub 2}–As{sub 2}Se{sub 3} system. The samples were synthesized by direct single-temperature method from high-purity elementary substances. We have found that the value of disorder parameter ? depends on the composition of the glassy alloys. The measurements show that increasing the Cu{sub 2}Se concentration leads to increased slope of the absorption edge, which may be explained by the decrease of the height of random potential relief for the electrons in the tails of the state density which border the band edges. A very sharp increase in the THG at low temperature was observed. Significant enhancement in THG was obtained with decreasing the energy gap, which agreed well with the nonlinear optical susceptibilities obtained from other glasses.

Reshak, A. H., E-mail: maalidph@yahoo.co.uk [New Technologies-Research Centre, University of West Bohemia, Univerzitni 8, 306 14 Pilsen (Czech Republic); Center of Excellence Geopolymer and Green Technology, School of Material Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis, 01007 Kangar, Perlis (Malaysia); Klymovych, O. S.; Zmiy, O. F. [Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University, Voli Av. 13, 43025 Lutsk (Ukraine); Myronchuk, G. L.; Zamuruyeva, O. V. [Department of Physics, Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University, Voli Av. 13, 43025 Lutsk (Ukraine); Alahmed, Z. A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Chyský, J.; Bila, Jiri [Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, CTU in Prague, Technicka 4, 166 07 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Kamarudin, H. [Center of Excellence Geopolymer and Green Technology, School of Material Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis, 01007 Kangar, Perlis (Malaysia)

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

92

The impact of carbon taxes or allowances on the electric generation market in the Ohio and ECAR region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The North American electricity grid is separated into 11 regional reliability councils, collectively called the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC). The East Central Area Reliability Coordination Agreement (ECAR) is the reliability council that covers Ohio and Indiana, along with parts of Kentucky, Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Ohio and the rest of the ECAR region rely more heavily on coal-fired generation than any other US region. The purpose of this report is to study the effect of carbon reduction policies on the cost and price of generation in the ECAR region, with an emphasis on Ohio. In order to do that, the author modeled the possible electric generation system for the ECAR and Ohio region for the year 2010 using a model developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory called the Oak Ridge Competitive Electric Dispatch model (ORCED). He let the model optimize the system based on various factors and carbon reduction policies to understand their impact. He then used the electricity prices and assumed demand elasticities to change the demands while also requiring all power plants to be profitable. The author discusses the different potential policies for carbon reduction and issues involving a restructured market; describes the model used for this analysis, the ECAR electricity sector, and the establishment of a base case; and describes the results of applying various carbon emission reduction approaches to the region. 14 figs., 5 tabs.

Hadley, S.W.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

EXPLORING THE CENTRAL SUB-PARSEC REGION OF THE {gamma}-RAY BRIGHT RADIO GALAXY 3C 84 WITH VLBA AT 43 GHz IN THE PERIOD OF 2002-2008  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Following the discovery of a new radio component right before the GeV {gamma}-ray detection since 2008 August by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, we present a detailed study of the kinematics and light curve on the central sub-parsec scale of 3C 84 using the archival Very Long Baseline Array 43 GHz data covering the period between 2002 January and 2008 November. We find that the new component 'C3', previously reported by the observations with the Very Long Baseline Interferometer Exploration of Radio Astrometry, was already formed in 2003. The flux density of C3 increases moderately until 2008, and then it becomes brighter rapidly after 2008. The radio core, C1, also shows a similar trend. The apparent speed of C3 with reference to the core C1 shows moderate acceleration from 0.10c to 0.47c between 2003 November and 2008 November, but is still sub-relativistic. We further try to fit the observed broadband spectrum by the one-zone synchrotron self-Compton model using the measured apparent speed of C3. The fit can reproduce the observed {gamma}-ray emission, but does not agree with the observed radio spectral index between 22 and 43 GHz.

Suzuki, Kenta [Institute of Astronomy, University of Tokyo, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan); Nagai, Hiroshi; Kino, Motoki; Kobayashi, Hideyuki [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Kataoka, Jun [Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Asada, Keiichi; Inoue, Makoto [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, R.O.C. (China); Doi, Akihiro [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Yoshinodai 3-1-1, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara 252-5210 (Japan); Orienti, Monica; Giovannini, Gabriele; Giroletti, Marcello [INAF Istituto di Radioastronomia, via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna (Italy); Laehteenmaeki, Anne; Tornikoski, Merja; Leon-Tavares, Jonathan [Aalto University Metsaehovi Radio Observatory, Metsaehovintie 114, FIN-02540 Kylmaelae (Finland); Bach, Uwe [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, Auf dem Huegel 69, 53121 Bonn (Germany); Kameno, Seiji [Faculty of Science, Kagoshima University, 1-21-35 Korimoto, Kagoshima 890-0065 (Japan)

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

94

Origin of periodic domain structure in Er{sup 3+}-doped beta'-(Sm,Gd){sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystal lines patterned by laser irradiations in glasses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Er{sup 3+}-doped beta'-(Sm,Gd){sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystal lines are patterned on the surface of Er{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}-MoO{sub 3}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses by continuous-wave Yb:YVO{sub 4} laser irradiations (wavelength: 1080 nm, power: 1.3 W, scanning speeds: 5 {mu}m/s), and the origin of the periodicity of self-organized domain structures with high and low refractive index regions in crystal lines is examined from polarized optical microscope (POM) observations, micro-Raman scattering spectrum, and photoluminescence spectrum measurements. It is found that the periodicity of domain structures changes largely depending on Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} content, i.e., the length of high (bright color in POM observations) and low (dark color) refractive index regions increases with increasing Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} content and homogeneous crystal lines with no periodic domain structures are patterned in Er{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}-MoO{sub 3}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glass with no Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Considering that the degree of ferroelasticities in beta'-(Sm,Gd){sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystals decreases due to the incorporation of Er{sup 3+} ions, it is demonstrated that the origin of periodic domain structures in laser-patterned lines is due to spontaneous strains in ferroelastic beta'-(Sm,Gd){sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystals. - Graphical abstract: This figure shows the polarized optical photographs (top view) for the lines patterned by laser irradiations with the power of P=1.3 W and the scanning speed of S=5 {mu}m/s in xEr{sub 2}O{sub 3}-(18.25-x)Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}-3Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}-63.75MoO{sub 3}-15B{sub 2}O{sub 3} (mol%) glasses. This figure indicates that the periodicity of domain structures in beta'-(Sm,Gd){sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystal lines, i.e., the lengths of bright (high refractive index) and dark (low refractive index) color regions, changes depending on the amount of Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} addition. It is demonstrated that the origin of the periodicity of domain structures is due to spontaneous strains in ferroelastic beta'-(Sm,Gd){sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystals.

Suzuki, Futoshi; Honma, Tsuyoshi [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan); Komatsu, Takayuki, E-mail: komatsu@mst.nagaokaut.ac.j [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

95

The crystal structure of Yb{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3}.3H{sub 2}O and its decomposition product, {beta}-Yb{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Yb{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3}.3H{sub 2}O, synthesised by hydrothermal methods at 220(2) deg. C, has been investigated by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Yb{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3}.3H{sub 2}O crystallises in space group Cmc2{sub 1} and is isostructural with Lu{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3}.3H{sub 2}O. The crystal structure has been refined to R{sub 1}=0.0145 for 3412 reflections [F{sub o}>3{sigma}(F)], and 0.0150 for all 3472 reflections. The structure of Yb{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3}.3H{sub 2}O is a complex framework of YbO{sub 6} octahedra, YbO{sub 8} and YbO{sub 5}(H{sub 2}O){sub 3} polyhedra and SO{sub 4} tetrahedra. Thermal data shows that Yb{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3}.3H{sub 2}O decomposes between 120 and 190 deg. C to form {beta}-Yb{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3}. The structure of a twinned crystal of {beta}-Yb{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3} was solved and refined using an amplimode refinement in R3c with an R{sub 1}=0.0755 for 8944 reflections [F{sub o}>3{sigma}(F)], and 0.1483 for all 16,361 reflections. {beta}-Yb{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3} has a unique structural topology based on a 3D network of pinwheels. - Graphical abstract: Octahedral-tetrahedral linkages found in Y{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3} [and Er{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3}] and ss-Yb{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3}. Highlights: > The crystal structure and decomposition reactions of Yb{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3}.3H{sub 2}O. > The crystal structure of a twinned crystal of {beta}-Yb{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3}. > Comparison of the structures of {beta}-Yb{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3} and Y{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 3}.

Mills, Stuart J., E-mail: smills@museum.vic.gov.au [Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4 (Canada); Mineral Sciences Department, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 900 Exposition Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 90007 (United States); Petricek, Vaclav [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Praha (Czech Republic); Kampf, Anthony R. [Mineral Sciences Department, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 900 Exposition Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 90007 (United States); Herbst-Imer, Regine [Department of Structural Chemistry, University of Goettingen, Tammannstrasse 4, 37077 Goettingen (Germany); Raudsepp, Mati [Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4 (Canada)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

96

Carrier transport properties of nanocrystalline Er{sub 3}N@C{sub 80}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical transport properties of the nanocrystalline Er{sub 3}N@C{sub 80} with fcc crystal structure were characterized by measuring both temperature-dependent d.c. conductance and a.c. impedance. The results showed that the Er{sub 3}N@C{sub 80} sample has characteristics of n-type semiconductor and an electron affinity larger than work function of gold metal. The Er{sub 3}N@C{sub 80}/Au interface has an ohmic contact behavior and the contact resistance was very small as compared with bulk resistance of the Er{sub 3}N@C{sub 80} sample. The charge carriers in the sample were thermally excited from various trapped levels and both acoustic phonon and ionic scatterings become a dominant process in different temperature regions, respectively. At temperatures below 250?K, the activation energy of the trapped carrier was estimated to be 35.5?meV, and the ionic scattering was a dominant mechanism. On the other hand, at temperatures above 350?K, the activation energy was reduced to 15.9?meV, and the acoustic phonon scattering was a dominant mechanism. In addition, a polarization effect from the charge carrier was observed at low frequencies below 2.0 MHz, and the relative intrinsic permittivity of the Er{sub 3}N@C{sub 80} nanocrystalline lattice was estimated to be 4.6 at frequency of 5.0 MHz.

Sun, Yong, E-mail: sun@ele.kyutech.ac.jp; Maeda, Yuki; Sezaimaru, Hiroki; Sakaino, Masamichi [Department of Applied Science for Integrated System Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Senshuimachi, Tobata, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 804-8550 (Japan); Kirimoto, Kenta [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Kitakyushu National College of Technology, 5-20-1 shii, Kokuraminami, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka 802-0985 (Japan)

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

97

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Module Regions - NERC Region Map Table 73. Texas Regional Entity Table 74. Florida Reliability Coordinating Council Table 75. Midwest Reliability Council East Table 76. Midwest...

98

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Module Regions (NERC Region Map) Table 73. Texas Regional Entity Table 74. Florida Reliability Coordinating Council Table 75. Midwest Reliability Council East Table 76. Midwest...

99

Supplemental Tables to the Annual Energy Outlook - Energy Information...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Module Regions (NERC Region Map) Table 73. Texas Regional Entity Table 74. Florida Reliability Coordinating Council Table 75. Midwest Reliability Council East Table 76. Midwest...

100

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Module Regions (NERC Region Map) Table 73. Texas Regional Entity Table 74. Florida Reliability Coordinating Council Table 75. Midwest Reliability Council East Table 76. Midwest...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region nerc sub" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Syntheses, crystal structures, and properties of three new metal selenites Na{sub 2}Co{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}, Na{sub 2}Co{sub 1.67}Ni{sub 0.33}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}, and Na{sub 2}Ni{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three new sodium cobalt (nickel) selenite compounds, namely, Na{sub 2}Co{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}, Na{sub 2}Co{sub 1.67}Ni{sub 0.33}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}, and Na{sub 2}Ni{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3} have been hydro-/solvothermally synthesized in the mixed solvents of acetonitrile and water. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses reveal that these isostructural compounds belong to the orthorhombic Cmcm space group and their structures feature three-dimensional open frameworks constructed by the two-dimensional layers of [MSeO{sub 3}] pillared by the [SeO{sub 3}]{sup 2-} groups. The two different types of Na{sup +} ions reside in the intersecting two-dimensional channels parallel to the a- and c-axes, respectively. Their thermal properties have been investigated via TGA-DSC. The magnetic measurements indicate the existence of the antiferromagnetic interactions in these compounds. - Graphical abstract: Three new isostructural metal selenites, Na{sub 2}Co{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}, Na{sub 2}Co{sub 1.67}Ni{sub 0.33}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}, and Na{sub 2}Ni{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3} have been hydro-/solvothermally synthesized and characterized. Their structures feature three-dimensional open frameworks with Na{sup +}-occupied channels.

Yuan Xiaoqing [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China); Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Feng Meiling, E-mail: fml@fjirsm.ac.c [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China); Li Jianrong [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China); Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Huang Xiaoying, E-mail: xyhuang@fjirsm.ac.c [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

102

Coexistence of considerable inter-particle interactions and spin-glass behavior in La{sub 0.7}Ca{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied the magnetic and spin-glass (SG) properties of La{sub 0.7}Ca{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} single-crystalline nanoparticles, which were prepared by the mechanical milling method with different milling times (t{sub m}). Analyzing the susceptibility data in the paramagnetic region indicates both ferromagnetic (FM) and anti-FM interactions coexisting in nanoparticles. Additionally, there is a peak associated with the freezing temperature (T{sub f}) appearing on the real part curve of the ac susceptibility, ??(T). The T{sub f} value increases with increasing frequency as expected for SG systems. The SG behavior was also checked by using the criterion parameter c?=??T{sub f}/T{sub f}?(log{sub 10}f), and the power law ??=??{sub 0}(T/T{sub g} ? 1){sup ?z?}. The obtained values of c???5?×?10{sup ?2}, ?{sub 0} ? 10{sup ?5} s and z? ? 2–3 are consistent with those expected for SG-like systems, suggesting an existence of a SG phase transition at T{sub g} below T{sub f}, which decreases with decreasing ?D?. Basing on ln(f) versus T{sub f} data, and the Néel-Arrhenius model [ln(f)?=?ln(f{sub 0}) - E{sub a}/k{sub B}T] and Vogel–Fulcher law [ln(f)?=?ln(f{sub 0}) - E{sub a}/k{sub B}(T - T{sub 0})], the Larmor frequency (f{sub 0}), activation energy (E{sub a}) and effective temperature (T{sub 0}) for the samples with different ?D? were determined. Obtained results indicate the existence a strong interaction between nanoparticles.

Thanh, T. D., E-mail: thanhxraylab@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361-763 (Korea, Republic of); Institute of Materials Science, VAST, 18-Hoang Quoc Viet, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Manh, D. H.; Phuc, N. X. [Institute of Materials Science, VAST, 18-Hoang Quoc Viet, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Phan, T. L.; Yu, S. C., E-mail: scyu@chungbuk.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 361-763 (Korea, Republic of); Phong, P. T. [Nha Trang Pedagogic College, 1 Nguyen Chanh Street, Nha Trang (Viet Nam); Hung, L. T. [Department of Physics, University of Vinh, Nghe An (Viet Nam)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

103

Department of Energy Releases New Roadmap to Guide Public-Private...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

said Gerry Cauley, president and chief executive officer at NERC and chairman of the Electricity Sub-sector Coordinating Council. "This public-private partnership brings...

104

Oxidation behavior of Cr-Cr{sub 2}Nb alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oxidation of hypoeutectic Cr-Cr{sub 2}Nb alloys containing 6 and 12% Nb at 950 C resulted in formation of a multiproduct scale consisting of a continuous Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} outer layer and an inner region of discrete CrNbO{sub 4} products interspersed with Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Overall oxidation behavior resembled that of Cr as reactions with the Cr-rich phase tended to dominate. Oxidation resistance, in terms of reaction kinetics and scale adherence, increased with increasing volume fraction of the Cr-Cr{sub 2}Nb eutectic phase. A model for the oxidation of these alloys based on the growth of Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} on the Cr-rich matrix regions and the formation of a slower growing CrNbO{sub 4} on the Cr{sub 2}Nb-enriched phase can qualitatively explain the development of the multiproduct scale and the observed gravimetric and spallation results. Possible microstructural/compositional modifications to improve oxidation resistance are suggested.

Tortorelli, P.F.; Pint, B.A.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

105

Cation distribution in Ni{sub 1?x}Zn{sub x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} using X-ray absorption spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spinel ferrite samples of Ni{sub 1?x}Zn{sub x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (for x=0.2, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6 and 0.8) nanoparticles prepared by a novel chemical synthesis method have been characterized by X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) technique to investigate the distribution of cations in the unit cell. XANES region clearly shows that as Ni concentration increases, the pre-edge feature, which is a characteristic of tetrahedral coordination of Fe, is enhanced. A quantitative determination of the relative occupancy of iron cation in the octahedral and tetrahedral sites of the spinel structure was obtained from EXAFS data analysis. It has been found that as atomic fraction of Ni is increased from 0.2 to 0.8, Fe occupancy at tetrahedral to octahedral sites is increased from 13:87 and to 39:61.

Yadav, A. K., E-mail: akyadav@barc.gov.in; Jha, S. N.; Bhattacharyya, D.; Sahoo, N. K. [Atomic and Molecular Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai - 400094 (India); Jadhav, J.; Biswas, S. [Department of Physics, The LNM Institute of Information Technology, Jaipur-302031 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

106

Abnormal thermal conductivity in tetragonal tungsten bronze Ba{sub 6?x}Sr{sub x}Nb{sub 10}O{sub 30}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ba{sub 6?x}Sr{sub x}Nb{sub 10}O{sub 30} solid solution with 0???x???6 crystallizes in centrosymmetric tetragonal “tungsten bronze” structure (space group P4/mbm). We report on the x dependence of thermal conductivity of polycrystalline samples measured in the 2–400?K temperature interval. Substitution of Sr for Ba brings about a significant decrease in thermal conductivity at x???3 accompanied by development of a low-temperature (T???10–30?K) “plateau” region reminiscent of a glass-like compounds. We explain this behaviour based on a size-driven site occupancy and atomic displacement parameters associated with an alkaline earth atomic positions in the title compounds.

Kolodiazhnyi, T., E-mail: kolodiazhnyi.taras@nims.go.jp; Sakurai, H.; Vasylkiv, O.; Borodianska, H. [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Mozharivskyj, Y. [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S4M1 (Canada)

2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

107

Structure and physical properties of EuTa{sub 2}O{sub 6} tungsten bronze polymorph  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A tetragonal tungsten bronze (TTB) polymorph of EuTa{sub 2}O{sub 6} was prepared and analyzed. EuTa{sub 2}O{sub 6} crystallizes in the centrosymmetric Pnam space group (with unit cell: a?=?12.3693, b?=?12.4254, and c?=?7.7228?Å) isomorphous with orthorhombic ?-SrTa{sub 2}O{sub 6}. In contrast to early reports, we see no evidence of deviation from paramagnetic Curie-Weiss behavior among the Eu{sup 2+} 4f{sup 7}spins in EuTa{sub 2}O{sub 6} down to 2?K. Dielectric constant shows a broad peak at ca. 50?K with dielectric dispersion resembling diffuse phase transition. The relaxation time, however, follows a simple (non-freezing) thermally activated process with an activation energy of 92?meV and an attempt frequency of f{sub 0}?=?5.79?×?10{sup 12?}Hz. A thermal conductivity of EuTa{sub 2}O{sub 6} shows a low-temperature (T???30?K) “plateau” region reminiscent of a glass-like behaviour in Nb-based TTB compounds. This behaviour can be attributed to the loosely bound Eu{sup 2+} ions occupying large tricapped trigonal prismatic sites in the EuTa{sub 2}O{sub 6} structure.

Kolodiazhnyi, T., E-mail: kolodiazhnyi.taras@nims.go.jp; Sakurai, H.; Vasylkiv, O.; Borodianska, H. [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Forbes, S.; Mozharivskyj, Y. [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S4M1 (Canada)

2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

108

Low NO.sub.x multistage combustor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high efficiency, Vortex Inertial Staged Air (VIStA) combustor provides ultra-low NO.sub.X production of about 20 ppmvd or less with CO emissions of less than 50 ppmvd, both at 3% O.sub.2. Prompt NO.sub.X production is reduced by partially reforming the fuel in a first combustion stage to CO and H.sub.2. This is achieved in the first stage by operating with a fuel rich mixture, and by recirculating partially oxidized combustion products, with control over stoichiometry, recirculation rate and residence time. Thermal NO.sub.X production is reduced in the first stage by reducing the occurrence of high temperature combustion gas regions. This is achieved by providing the first stage burner with a thoroughly pre-mixed fuel/oxidant composition, and by recirculating part of the combustion products to further mix the gases and provide a more uniform temperature in the first stage. In a second stage combustor thermal NO.sub.X production is controlled by inducing a large flow of flue gas recirculation in the second stage combustion zone to minimize the ultimate temperature of the flame. One or both of the first and second stage burners can be cooled to further reduce the combustion temperature and to improve the recirculation efficiency. Both of these factors tend to reduce production of NO.sub.X.

Becker, Frederick E. (Reading, MA); Breault, Ronald W. (Newington, NH); Litka, Anthony F. (Hanover, MA); McClaine, Andrew W. (Lexington, MA); Shukla, Kailash (Boxborough, MA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Anomalous temperature dependence in valence band spectra: A resonant photoemission study of layered perovskite Sr{sub 2}CoO{sub 4}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Valence band spectra (VBS) and its modification across Curie temperature (T{sub C}) of Sr{sub 2}CoO{sub 4} thin film are studied using resonant photoemission spectroscopy. It is found that VBS mainly consists of hybridized states of Co-3d t{sub 2g}e{sub g} and O-2p; however, Co-3d e{sub g} states show its prominence only in the ferromagnetic temperature regime. Below T{sub C}, spectral weight transfer takes place anomalously from high binding energy (B.E.) region to low B.E. region, signifying the enhanced intermediate or low spin state Co{sup 4+} ions. It is suggested that spin-lattice coupling and many-body effects in Sr{sub 2}CoO{sub 4} derived from the strong electron correlations lead to such temperature dependence of VBS.

Pandey, Pankaj K.; Choudhary, R. J., E-mail: ram@csr.res.in; Phase, D. M. [UGC DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, University Campus, Indore 452001 (India)

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

110

Scaling of Dynamic Spin Correlations in BaCu<sub>2sub>(Si>0.5sub>Ge>0.5sub>)>2sub>O>7sub>  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The magnetic dynamic structure factor of the one-dimensional S=1/2 chain system BaCu{sub 2}(Si{sub 0.5}Ge{sub 0.5}){sub 2}O{sub 7} is studied in a wide range of energy transfers and temperatures. Contrary to previous erroneous reports [T. Masuda et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 077206 (2004)], the scaling properties observed in the range 0.5-25 meV are found to be fully consistent with expectations for a Luttinger spin liquid. At higher energies, a breakdown of scaling laws is observed and attributed to lattice effects. The results are complementary to those found in literature for other S=1/2 chain compounds, such as KCuF{sub 3} and Cu benzoate.

Zheludev, Andrey I [ORNL; Masuda, T. [Yokohama City University, Japan; Dhalenne, G. [Universite Paris Sud, Orsay, France; Revcolevschi, A. [Universite Paris Sud, Orsay, France; Frost, C. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory; Perring, T. G. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Evaluating sub-national building-energy efficiency policy options under uncertainty: Efficient sensitivity testing of alternative climate, technolgical, and socioeconomic futures in a regional intergrated-assessment model.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improving the energy efficiency of the building stock, commercial equipment and household appliances can have a major impact on energy use, carbon emissions, and building services. Subnational regions such as U.S. states wish to increase their energy efficiency, reduce carbon emissions or adapt to climate change. Evaluating subnational policies to reduce energy use and emissions is difficult because of the uncertainties in socioeconomic factors, technology performance and cost, and energy and climate policies. Climate change may undercut such policies. Assessing these uncertainties can be a significant modeling and computation burden. As part of this uncertainty assessment, this paper demonstrates how a decision-focused sensitivity analysis strategy using fractional factorial methods can be applied to reveal the important drivers for detailed uncertainty analysis.

Scott, Michael J.; Daly, Don S.; Zhou, Yuyu; Rice, Jennie S.; Patel, Pralit L.; McJeon, Haewon C.; Kyle, G. Page; Kim, Son H.; Eom, Jiyong; Clarke, Leon E.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Structural characterization of the CeO{sub 2}/Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} mixed system by synchrotron X-ray diffraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structural determination of the CeO{sub 2}/Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} mixed system is a non-trivial problem because of the close resemblance between the ionic sizes of Ce{sup 4+} and Gd{sup 3+} and between the crystal structures of CeO{sub 2} and Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}. (Ce{sub 1-x}Gd{sub x})O{sub 2-x/2} powder samples with x ranging between 0 and 1 have been synthesized by coprecipitation of mixed oxalates and subsequent thermal decomposition in air at 1200 Degree-Sign C followed by slow cooling. Synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction data were collected and refined by the Rietveld method. Lattice parameters do not follow Vegard's law and no peak splitting has been observed for any composition, meaning that no biphasic regions exist over the whole compositional range. The same hybrid structural model - a proper mixture of the structures of the two pure oxides - was used for the refinements, allowing to account for the data observed. - graphical abstract: Substituting Ce{sup 4+} by Gd{sup 3+}, a gradual transition from the F structure (typical of CeO{sub 2}) to the C structure (typical of Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}) takes place. The lattice parameters do not follow Vegard's law. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A structural study of Ce-Gd mixed oxides has been performed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer In (Ce{sub 1-x}Gd{sub x})O{sub 2-x/2} a solid solution forms for 0{<=}x{<=}0.3. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer For x>0.3 a gradual transition from the C to the F structure is observed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Lattice parameters do not follow Vegard's law.

Artini, Cristina, E-mail: c.artini@ge.ieni.cnr.it [Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Universita degli Studi di Genova, Via Dodecaneso 31, 16146 Genova (Italy); Costa, Giorgio A., E-mail: costa@chimica.unige.it [Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Universita degli Studi di Genova, Via Dodecaneso 31, 16146 Genova (Italy); CNR-SPIN Genova, Corso Perrone 24, 16152 Genova (Italy); Pani, Marcella, E-mail: marcella@chimica.unige.it [Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Universita degli Studi di Genova, Via Dodecaneso 31, 16146 Genova (Italy); Lausi, Andrea, E-mail: andrea.lausi@elettra.trieste.it [Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., ss 14, km 163, 5, 34149 Basovizza, Trieste (Italy); Plaisier, Jasper, E-mail: jasper.plaisier@elettra.trieste.it [Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., ss 14, km 163, 5, 34149 Basovizza, Trieste (Italy)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

Lu<sub>1-xsub>I>3sub>:Cex>--a scintillator for gamma ray spectroscopy and time-of-flight PET  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention concerns very fast scintillator materials comprising lutetium iodide doped with Cerium (Lu<sub>1-xsub>I>3sub>:Cex>; LuI<sub>3sub>:Ce). The LuI<sub>3 sub>scintillator material has surprisingly good characteristics including high light output, high gamma ray stopping efficiency, fast response, low cost, good proportionality, and minimal afterglow that the material is useful for gamma ray spectroscopy, medical imaging, nuclear and high energy physics research, diffraction, non-destructive testing, nuclear treaty verification and safeguards, and geological exploration. The timing resolution of the scintillators of the present invention provide compositions capable of resolving the position of an annihilation event within a portion of a human body cross-section.

Shah, Kanai S.

2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

114

Phase relations of the Li{sub 2}O-Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Li{sub 2}O-WO{sub 3}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} systems and promising nonlinear optical compounds in K{sub 2}O-Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The subsolidus phase equilibria of the Li{sub 2}O-Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}, K{sub 2}O-Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Li{sub 2}O-WO{sub 3}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} systems have been investigated mainly by means of the powder X-ray diffraction method. Two ternary compounds, KTaB{sub 2}O{sub 6} and K{sub 3}Ta{sub 3}B{sub 2}O{sub 12} were confirmed in the system K{sub 2}O-Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Crystal structure of compound KTaB{sub 2}O{sub 6} has been refined from X-ray powder diffraction data using the Rietveld method. The compound crystallizes in the orthorhombic, space group Pmn2{sub 1} (No. 31), with lattice parameters a = 7.3253(4) A, b = 3.8402(2) A, c = 9.3040(5) A, z = 2 and D{sub calc} = 4.283 g/cm{sup 3}. The powder second harmonic generation (SHG) coefficients of KTaB{sub 2}O{sub 6} and K{sub 3}Ta{sub 3}B{sub 2}O{sub 12} were five times and two times as large as that of KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4} (KDP), respectively.

Cai Gemei; Wang, W.Y.; Li, M. [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 603, Beijing 100080 (China); Lou, Y.F. [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 603, Beijing 100080 (China); Center of Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, School of Sciences, Beihang University, Beijing 100083 (China); Sun, Y.P. [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 603, Beijing 100080 (China); Chen, X.L. [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 603, Beijing 100080 (China)], E-mail: chenx29@aphy.iphy.ac.cn

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

115

Structure determination of {alpha}-La{sub 6}W{sub 2}O{sub 15}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structure of the high temperature alpha form of La{sub 6}W{sub 2}O{sub 15} has been determined ab-initio from high temperature laboratory X-ray and neutron time-of-flight data. This tungstate crystallizes in the non-centrosymmetric orthorhombic space group (No. 20) C222{sub 1}, with Z=2, a=12.6250(2) A, b=9.1875(1) A, c=5.9688(1) A. The structure comprises [O{sub 2}La{sub 3}] infinite ribbons and is better described by the structural formula [O{sub 2}La{sub 3}]{sub 2}[WO{sub 5.5}]{sub 2}. Using this description we can understand the strong structural similarity of the present compound with compounds of the general composition BiM{sub 2}AO{sub 6} (M=Cu, Mg, Zn, Mn, Cd, Ca, Pb; A=P, As, V) described as [O{sub 2}M{sub 2}Bi][AO{sub 4}]. The [WO{sub 5.5}] entity implies oxygen disorder in the material. - Graphical abstract: Projection of the polyhedra around the tungsten atom. Atoms labelled in grey are occupied at 50%. Short oxygen-oxygen distances are marked. The polyhedra represents WO{sub 5.5} that is related to the structural unit W{sub 2}O{sub 11} unit. Alpha-La{sub 6}W{sub 2}O{sub 15} could be described as [O{sub 2}La{sub 3}]{sub 2}[WO{sub 5.5}]{sub 2}.

Chambrier, M-H., E-mail: marie-helene.chambier.etu@univ-lemans.f [Laboratoire des Oxydes et Fluorures, UMR-CNRS 6010, Universite du Maine, 72085 Le Mans Cedex 9 (France); Ibberson, R.M. [ISIS Facility, STFC-Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Goutenoire, F., E-mail: francois.goutenoire@univ-lemans.f [Laboratoire des Oxydes et Fluorures, UMR-CNRS 6010, Universite du Maine, 72085 Le Mans Cedex 9 (France)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

EIA - Petroleum & Other Liquids Data  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(NERC Region Map) Table 73. Texas Regional Entity Excel Gif Table 74. Florida Reliability Coordinating Council Excel Gif Table 75. Midwest Reliability Council East Excel...

117

Measurement of the neutron F<sub>2sub> structure function via spectator tagging with CLAS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the first measurement of the F<sub>2sub> structure function of the neutron from semi-inclusive scattering of electrons from deuterium, with low-momentum protons detected in the backward hemisphere. Restricting the momentum of the spectator protons to ?< 100 MeV and their angles to ?> 100 degrees relative to the momentum transfer allows an interpretation of the process in terms of scattering from nearly on-shell neutrons. The F<sub>2sub>n data collected cover the nucleon resonance and deep-inelastic regions over a wide range of x for 0.65 < Q2 < 4.52 GeV2, with uncertainties from nuclear corrections estimated to be less than a few percent. These measurements provide the first determination of the neutron to proton structure function ratio F<sub>2sub>n/F>2sub>p at 0.2 ?< x ?< 0.8, essentially free of nuclear corrections.

Baillie, N; Zhang, J; Bosted, P; Bultmann, S; Christy, M E; Fenker, H; Griffioen, K A; Keppel, C E; Kuhn, S E; Melnitchouk, W; Tvaskis, V; Adhikari, K P; Adikaram, D; Aghasyan, M; Amaryan, M J; Anghinolfini, M; Arrington, J; Avakian, H; Baghdasaryan, H; Battaglieri, M; Biselli, A A; Branford, D; Briscoe, W J; Brooks, W K; Burkert, V D; Carman, D S; Celentano, A; Chandavar, S; Charles, G; Cole, P L; Contalbrigo, M; Crede, V; D& #x27; Angelo, A; Daniel, A; Dashyan, N; De Vita, R; De Sanctis, E; Deur, A; Dey, B; Djalali, C; Dodge, G; Domingo, J; Doughty, D; Dupre, R; Dutta, D; Ent, R; Egiyan, H; El Alaoui, A; El Fassi, L; Elouadrhiri, L; Eugenio, P; Fedotov, G; Fegan, S; Fradi, A; Gabrielyan, M Y; Gevorgyan, N; Gilfoyle, G P; Giovanetti, K L; Girod, F X; Gohn, W; Golovatch, E; Gothe, R W; Graham, L; Guegan, B; Guidal, M; Guler, N; Guo, L; Hafidi, K; Heddle, D; Hicks, K; Holtrop, M; Hungerford, E; Hyde, C E; Ilieva, Y; Ireland, D G; Ispiryan, M; Isupov, E L; Jawalkar, S S; Jo, H S; Kalantarians, N; Khandaker, M; Khetarpal, P; Kim, A; Kim, W; King, P M; Klein, A; Klein, F J; Klimenko, A; Kubarovsky, V; Kuleshov, S V; Kvaltine, N D; Livingston, K; Lu, H Y; MacGregor, I.J. D; Mao, Y; Markov, N; McKinnon, B; Mineeva, T; Morrison, B; Moutarde, H; Munevar, E; Nadel-Turonski, P; Ni, A; Niccolai, S; Niculescu, I; Niculescu, G; Osipenko, M; Ostrovidov, A I; Pappalardo, L; Park, K; Park, S; Pasyuk, E; Anefalos Pereira, S; Pisano, S; Pozdniakov, S; Price, J W; Procureur, S; Prok, Y; Protopopescu, D; Raue, B A; Ricco, G; Rimal, D; Ripani, M; Rosner, G; Rossi, P; Sabatie, F; Saini, M S; Salgado, C; Schott, D; Schumacher, R A; Seder, E; Sharabian, Y G; Sober, D I; Sokhan, D; Stepanyan, S; Stepanyan, S S; Stoler, P; Strauch, S; Taiuti, M; Tang, W; Ungaro, M; Vineyard, M F; Voutier, E; Watts, D P; Weinstein, L B; Weygand, D P; Wood, M H; Zana, L

2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

118

Directional drilling sub  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A directional drilling ''sub'' provides a shifting end portion which allows the sub to be rotated from a first in-line axially straight orientation with the drill string to a second angled or ''bent'' position which second position is normally associated with conventional bent ''subs'' which are permanently structured in the bent position. The device shifts from the first (In-line) position to the second (Bent) position upon the application of torsional force thereto which torsional force can be applied, for example, by the actuation of a ''turbodrill'' (Normally attached thereto in operation). The device can be manufactured or machined to provide varying angles to the sub in its bent position to satisfy differing directional drilling situations. The axially aligned first position allows easy entry of the drill string, sub , and turbodrill into the well hole, while the second bend position is used to commence directional drilling. The sub will return gradually to its original axially aligned position when the device is withdrawn from the wellhole, as such position is the path of minimum resistance for the withdrawing drill string and torsion is not present to hold the sub in the bent position.

Benoit, L.F.

1980-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

119

Synthesis, spectroscopy, and structural characterization of six-coordinate bis(aryldiazenido)rhenium and bis(diarylhydrazido)rhenium complexes. X-ray structures of (Et{sub 4}N)[Re(NNPh){sub 2}(O{sub 2}C{sub 6}H{sub 4}){sub 2}], (Et{sub 4}N)[Re(NNPh{sub 2}){sub 2}(O{sub 2}C{sub 6}H{sub 4}){sub 2}], and Na[Re(NNPh){sub 2}(O{sub 2}C{sub 6}H{sub 4}){sub 2}]{center_dot}CH{sub 3}CN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reactions of the cis-dioxorhenium(VII)-catecholate complex [(CH{sub 3}CH{sub 2}){sub 4}N][ReO{sub 2}(O{sub 2}C{sub 6}H{sub 4}){sub 2}] (1) with either monosubstituted organohydrazines (C{sub 6}H{sub 5}NHNH{sub 2}; 4-BrC{sub 6}H{sub 4}NHNH{sub 2}) or 1,1 disubstituted organohydrazines (Ph{sub 2-}NNH{sub 2}) yield the cis-bis(diazenido) core complexes [(CH{sub 3}CH{sub 2}){sub 4}N][Re(NNR){sub 2}(O{sub 2}C{sub 6}H{sub 4}){sub 2}] (5, R = C{sub 6}H{sub 5}; 6, R = 4-BrC{sub 6}H{sub 4}) and the cis-bis(hydrazido) core species [(CH{sub 3}CH{sub 2}){sub 4}N][Re(NNPh{sub 2}){sub 2}(O{sub 2}C36H{sub 4}){sub 2}(O{sub 2}C36H{sub 4}){sub 2}] (7). Elution of 5 in a 3:1 mixture of toluene/methanol on a column of silica gel resulted in cation exchange to give Na[Re(NNPh){sub 2}-(O{sub 2}C{sub 6}H{sub 4}){sub 2}]{center_dot}CH{sub 3}CN (8) as a one-dimensional polymer ([Na(CH{sub 3}CN)]{sup +}[Re(NNPh){sub 2}(O{sub 2}C{sub 6}H{sub 4}){sub 2}]{sup {minus}}){sub 2}. Crystal data for C{sub 32}H{sub 38}N{sub 5}O{sub 4}Re (5): P2{sub 1}/c,a = 14.458(3) {angstrom}, b = 10.436(2) {angstrom}, c = 21.767(4) {angstrom}, {beta} = 107.04(3){degrees}, V = 3140(2) {angstrom}{sup 3}, Z = 4, D {sub calc} = 1.572 g cm{sup {minus}3}; structure solution and refinement based on 3256 reflections with I{sub o} {ge} 3{sigma}(I{sub o}) converged at R = 0.053. Crystal data for C{sub 44}H{sub 48}N{sub 5}O{sub 4}Re (7): P1, a = 11.660(2) {angstrom}, b = 11.864(2) {angstrom}, c = 15.400(2) {angstrom}, {alpha} = 107.12(3){degrees}, {beta} = 94.99(3){degrees}, {gamma} = 97.61(3){degrees}, V = 2000(1) {angstrom}{sup 3}, Z = 2, D{sub calc} = 1.490 g cm{sup {minus}3}; 3702 reflections, R = 0.0534. Crystal data for C{sub 26}H{sub 18}N{sub 5}NaO{sub 4}Re (8): P2/n, a = 5.785(1) {angstrom}, b = 9.670(2) {angstrom}, c = 23.142(5) {angstrom}. {beta} = 90.91(30)degrees, V = 1294.4(7) {angstrom}{sup 3}, Z = 2, D{sub calc} = 1.737 g cm{sup {minus}3}; 1517 reflections, R = 0.049.

Kettler, P.B.; Chang, Yuan-Da; Zubieta, J. [Syracuse Univ., NY (United States)

1994-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

120

Writing of nonlinear optical Sm{sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystal lines at the surface of glass by samarium atom heat processing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some glasses such as 21.25Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}.63.75MoO{sub 3}.15B{sub 2}O{sub 3} (mol %) giving the formation of nonlinear optical Sm{sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystals through conventional crystallization in an electric furnace and through continuous-wave Nd: yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) laser (wavelength: 1064 nm) irradiation (samarium atom heat processing) have been developed. It is proposed from x-ray diffraction analyses, micro-Raman-scattering spectra, and second-harmonic generation measurements that the crystal structure of Sm{sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} formed by the crystallization is the {beta}{sup '}-phase structure with an orthorhombic (noncentrosymmetric) symmetry. The lines consisting of nonlinear optical {beta}{sup '}-Sm{sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystals are written at the surface of glasses by YAG laser irradiation (laser power: P=0.4 W, laser scanning speed: S=1-10 {mu}m/s), and, in particular, homogeneous crystal lines are formed at the laser scanning speed of 1 {mu}m/s. Refractive index changes (not crystallization) are also induced by YAG laser irradiation of P=0.4 W and a high laser scanning speed of S=25 {mu}m/s. The crystallization mechanism in the laser-irradiated region has been proposed. The present study demonstrates that the samarium atom heat processing is a technique for the writing of rare earth containing optical nonlinear/ferroelectric crystal lines in glass.

Abe, M.; Benino, Y.; Fujiwara, T.; Komatsu, T.; Sato, R. [Department of Chemistry, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan); Department of Materials Engineering, Tsuruoka National College of Technology, Tsuruoka 997-8511 (Japan)

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region nerc sub" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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121

Magnetic phase transitions and entropy change in layered NdMn{sub 1.7}Cr{sub 0.3}Si{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A giant magnetocaloric effect has been observed around the Curie temperature, T{sub C}???42?K, in NdMn{sub 1.7}Cr{sub 0.3}Si{sub 2} with no discernible thermal and magnetic hysteresis losses. Below 400?K, three magnetic phase transitions take place around 380?K, 320?K and 42?K. Detailed high resolution synchrotron and neutron powder diffraction (10–400?K) confirmed the magnetic transitions and phases as follows: T{sub N}{sup intra}???380?K denotes the transition from paramagnetism to intralayer antiferromagnetism (AFl), T{sub N}{sup inter}???320?K represents the transition from the AFl structure to the canted antiferromagnetic spin structure (AFmc), while T{sub C}???42?K denotes the first order magnetic transition from AFmc to canted ferromagnetism (Fmc?+?F(Nd)) due to ordering of the Mn and Nd sub-lattices. The maximum values of the magnetic entropy change and the adiabatic temperature change, around T{sub C} for a field change of 5?T are evaluated to be ??S{sub M}{sup max}???15.9?J kg{sup ?1} K{sup ?1} and ?T{sub ad}{sup max}???5?K, respectively. The first order magnetic transition associated with the low levels of hysteresis losses (thermal sub 1.7}Cr{sub 0.3}Si{sub 2} offers potential as a candidate for magnetic refrigerator applications in the temperature region below 45?K.

Md Din, M. F., E-mail: mfmd999@uowmail.edu.au; Dou, S. X. [Institute for Superconductivity and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia); Wang, J. L. [Institute for Superconductivity and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia); Bragg Institute, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization, Lucas Heights, New South Wales 2234 (Australia); Campbell, S. J. [School of Physical, Environmental, and Mathematical Sciences, The University of New South Wales, Canberra, The Australian Defence Force Academy, Australian Capital Territory 2600 (Australia); Studer, A. J.; Avdeev, M.; Kennedy, S. J. [Bragg Institute, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization, Lucas Heights, New South Wales 2234 (Australia); Gu, Q. F. [Australian Synchrotron, 800 Blackburn Rd, Clayton 3168 (Australia); Zeng, R. [Institute for Superconductivity and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales 2522 (Australia); Solar Energy Technologies, School of Computing, Engineering and Mathematics, University of Western Sydney, Penrith, NSW 2751 (Australia)

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

122

Dielectric spectroscopy of Pb{sub 0.92}La{sub 0.08}Zr{sub 0.52}Ti{sub 0.48}O{sub 3} films on hastelloy substrates with and without LaNiO{sub 3} buffer layers.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pb{sub 0.92}La{sub 0.08}Zr{sub 0.52}Ti{sub 0.48}O{sub 3} (PLZT) films were deposited by sol-gel synthesis on Hastelloy substrates with and without a LaNiO{sub 3} buffer. The dielectric properties were measured as a function of temperature and frequency to study the cause of dielectric degradation in PLZT films directly on hastelloy substrates. These measurements indicated an increased charge carrier activity in films without a buffer layer. We propose that a region of the film closer to the substrate surface is more oxygen deficient than the bulk and is responsible for the degradation in properties rather than the presence of a low parasitic secondary-phase interfacial layer such as NiO{sub x}.

Narayanan, M.; Ma, B.; Balachandran, U.; Li, W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Dielectric spectroscopy of Pb{sub 0.92}La{sub 0.08}Zr{sub 0.52}Ti{sub0.48}O{sub 3} films on hastealloy substrates with and without LaNiO{sub 3} buffer layers.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pb{sub 0.92}La{sub 0.08}Zr{sub 0.52}Ti{sub 0.48}O{sub 3} (PLZT) films were deposited by sol-gel synthesis on Hastelloy substrates with and without a LaNiO{sub 3} buffer. The dielectric properties were measured as a function of temperature and frequency to study the cause of dielectric degradation in PLZT films directly on hastelloy substrates. These measurements indicated an increased charge carrier activity in films without a buffer layer. We propose that a region of the film closer to the substrate surface is more oxygen deficient than the bulk and is responsible for the degradation in properties rather than the presence of a low parasitic secondary-phase interfacial layer such as NiO{sub x}.

Narayanan, M.; Ma, B.; Balachandran, U.; Li, W. (Energy Systems); ( MSD)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Characterization of nanosized Al{sub 2}(WO{sub 4}){sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: TEM method allows to detect small quantities of impurities not detectable by other methods. In our case impurities of W{sub 5}O{sub 14} are detected in Al{sub 2}(WO{sub 4}){sub 3} nanopowder. Highlights: {yields} Nanosized Al{sub 2}(WO{sub 4}){sub 3} by simple co-precipitation method. {yields} Spherical particles with mean size of 22 nm distributed between 10 and 40 nm at 630 {sup o}C. {yields} XRD, DTA and TEM confirm well defined products with perfect structure. {yields} TEM locality allows detection of impurities not detectable by XRD and DTA. -- Abstract: Nanosized aluminum tungstate Al{sub 2}(WO{sub 4}){sub 3} was prepared by co-precipitation reaction between Na{sub 2}WO{sub 4} and Al(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} aqueous solutions. The powder size and shape, as well as size distribution are estimated after different conditions of powder preparation. The purity of the final product was investigated by XRD and DTA analyses, using the single crystal powder as reference. Between the specimen and the reference no difference was detected. The crystal structure of Al{sub 2}(WO{sub 4}){sub 3} nanosized powder was confirmed by TEM (SAED, HRTEM). In additional, TEM locality allows to detect some W{sub 5}O{sub 14} impurities, which are not visible by conventional X-ray powder diffraction and thermal analyses.

Nihtianova, D., E-mail: diana.nihtianova@gmail.com [Institute of Mineralogy and Crystallography, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. Georgi Bonchev Str., bl. 107, 1113 Sofia (Bulgaria); Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. Georgi Bonchev Str., bl. 11, 1113 Sofia (Bulgaria); Velichkova, N., E-mail: veli4kov@svr.igic.bas.bg [Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. Georgi Bonchev Str., bl. 11, 1113 Sofia (Bulgaria); Nikolova, R., E-mail: rosica.pn@clmc.bas.bg [Institute of Mineralogy and Crystallography, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. Georgi Bonchev Str., bl. 107, 1113 Sofia (Bulgaria); Koseva, I., E-mail: ikosseva@svr.igic.bas.bg [Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. Georgi Bonchev Str., bl. 11, 1113 Sofia (Bulgaria); Yordanova, A., E-mail: a.yordanova@svr.igic.bas.bg [Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. Georgi Bonchev Str., bl. 11, 1113 Sofia (Bulgaria); Nikolov, V., E-mail: vnikolov@svr.igic.bas.bg [Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. Georgi Bonchev Str., bl. 11, 1113 Sofia (Bulgaria)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

125

The new Hg-rich barium indium mercurides BaIn{sub x}Hg{sub 7?x} (x=3.1) and BaIn{sub x}Hg{sub 11?x} (x=0–2.8)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The title compounds BaIn{sub x}Hg{sub 7?x} (x=3.1(1)) and BaIn{sub x}Hg{sub 11?x} (x=0–2.8) were synthesized from stoichiometric ratios of the elements in Ta crucibles. Their crystal structures have been determined using single crystal X-ray data. BaIn{sub x}Hg{sub 7?x} (x=3.1(1)) crystallizes in a new structure type (orthorhombic, oC16, space group Cmmm: a=512.02(1), b=1227.68(3), c=668.61(2) pm, Z=2, R1=0.0311). In the structure, the atoms of the three crystallographically different mixed In/Hg positions form planar nets of four-, six- and eight-membered rings. These nets are shifted against each other such that the four-membered rings form empty distorted cubes. The cubes are connected via common edges, corners and folded ladders, which are also found in BaIn{sub 2}/BaHg{sub 2} (KHg{sub 2} structure type) and BaIn (?-NaHg type). The Ba atoms are centered in the eight-membered rings and exhibit an overall coordination number of 20. The [BaM{sub 20}] polyhedra and twice as many distorted [M{sub 8}] cubes tesselate the space. BaIn{sub 2.8}Hg{sub 8.2} (cubic, cP36, space group Pm3{sup ¯}m, a=961.83(1) pm, Z=3, R1=0.0243) is the border compound of the phase width BaIn{sub x}Hg{sub 11?x} of the rare BaHg{sub 11} structure type. In the structure, ideal [M{sub 8}] cubes (at the corners of the unit cell) and BaM{sub 20} polyhedra (at the edges of the unit cell) represent the building blocks comparable to the other new In mercuride. In accordance with the increased In/Hg content, additional M-pure regions appear: the center of the unit cell contains a huge [Hg(1)M(2){sub 12}M(3,4){sub 32}] polyhedron, a Hg-centered cuboctahedron of In/Hg atoms surrounded by a capped cantellated cube of 32 additional M atoms. For both structure types, the bonding situation and the ‘coloring’, i.e. the In/Hg distribution of the polyanionic network, are discussed considering the different sizes of the atoms and the charge distribution (Bader AIM charges), which have been calculated within the framework of FP-LAPW density functional theory. - Graphical abstract: BaIn{sub 2.6}Hg{sub 4.4}: distorted cubes [(In/Hg){sub 8}] (green, like in BaHg{sub 11}), folded ladders (violet, like in BaIn, BaHg{sub 2} and BaIn{sub 2}) and Ba coordination polyhedra [Ba(In/Hg){sub 20}] (blue, like in BaHg{sub 11}). - Highlights: • The Hg-rich In-mercuride BaIn{sub 3.1}Hg{sub 3.9} crystallizes with a singular structure type. • The phase width of the BaHg{sub 11} structure in BaIn{sub x}Hg{sub 11-x} ends at x=2.8. • The relations of both compounds with other alkaline-earth mercurides are outlined. • The Hg/In coloring of the polyanion is discussed considering the structure features. • Bonding aspects are explored using band structure calculations.

Wendorff, Marco; Schwarz, Michael; Röhr, Caroline, E-mail: caroline@ruby.chemie.uni-freiburg.de

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

126

FT-IR and thermoluminescence investigation of P{sub 2}O{sub 5}-BaO-K{sub 2}O glass system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 0.5P{sub 2}O{sub 5}?xBaO?(0.5?x)K{sub 2}O glass system (0?x?0.5mol%) is investigated by FT-IR and thermoluminescence as a possible dosimetic material. FT-IR spectra show structural network modifications with the composition variations of the studied glasses. The predominant absorption bands are characterized by two broad peaks near 500 cm{sup ?1}, two weak peaks around 740 cm{sup ?1} and three peaks in the 900–1270 cm{sup ?1} region. The shift in the position of the band assigned to asymmetric stretching of PO{sub 2}{sup ?} group, ?{sub as}(PO{sub 2}{sup ?}) modes from ?1100 cm{sup ?1} to 1085 cm{sup ?1} and the decrease in its relative intensity with the increasing of K{sub 2}O content shows a network modifier role of this oxide.. Luminescence investigations show that by adding modifier oxides in the phosphate glass a dose dependent TL signals result upon irradiation. Thus P{sub 2}O{sub 5}–BaO–K{sub 2}O glass system is a possible candidate material for dosimetry in the dose 0 – 50 Gy range.

Ivascu, C. [Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Physics, Kogalniceanu 1, 400084 Cluj Napoca (Romania)] [Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Physics, Kogalniceanu 1, 400084 Cluj Napoca (Romania); Timar-Gabor, A. [Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Environmental Science, Fantanele 30, 400294 Cluj Napoca (Romania)] [Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Environmental Science, Fantanele 30, 400294 Cluj Napoca (Romania); Cozar, O. [Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Physics, Kogalniceanu 1, 400084 Cluj Napoca, Romania and Academy of Romanian Scientists, Splaiul Independentei 54, 050094, Bucharest (Romania)] [Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Physics, Kogalniceanu 1, 400084 Cluj Napoca, Romania and Academy of Romanian Scientists, Splaiul Independentei 54, 050094, Bucharest (Romania)

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

127

Effect of the magnetic phase transition on the charge transport in layered semiconductor ferromagnets TlCrS{sub 2} and TlCrSe{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

TlCrS{sub 2} and TlCrSe{sub 2} crystals were synthesized by solid-state reaction. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that TlCrS{sub 2} and TlCrSe{sub 2} compounds crystallize in the hexagonal crystal system with lattice parameters a = 3.538 A, c = 21.962 A, c/a {approx} 6.207, z = 3; a = 3.6999 A, c = 22.6901 A, c/a {approx} 6.133, z = 3; and X-ray densities {rho}{sub x} = 6.705 and 6.209 g/cm{sup 3}, respectively. Magnetic and electric studies in a temperature range of 77-400 K showed that TlCrS{sub 2} and TlCrSe{sub 2} are semiconductor ferromagnets. Rather large deviations of the experimental effective magnetic moment of TlCrS{sub 2} (3.26 {mu}{sub B}) and TlCrSe{sub 2} (3.05 {mu}{sub B}) from the theoretical one (3.85 {mu}{sub B}) are attributed to two-dimensional magnetic ordering in the paramagnetic region of strongly layered ferromagnets TlCrS{sub 2} and TlCrSe{sub 2}. The effect of the magnetic phase's transition on the charge transport in TlCrS{sub 2} and TlCrSe{sub 2} is detected.

Veliyev, R. G.; Sadikhov, R. Z.; Kerimova, E. M., E-mail: ekerimova@physics.ab.az; Asadov, Yu. G.; Jabbarov, A. I. [Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Addition of NH{sub 3} to Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent computational studies on the addition of ammonia (NH{sub 3}) to the Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -} cluster anion [A. Guevara-Garcia, A. Martinez, and J. V. Ortiz, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 214309 (2005)] have motivated experimental and additional computational studies, reported here. Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -} is observed to react with a single NH{sub 3} molecule to form the Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}NH{sub 3}{sup -} ion in mass spectrometric studies. This is in contrast to similarly performed studies with water, in which the Al{sub 3}O{sub 5}H{sub 4}{sup -} product was highly favored. However, the anion PE spectrum of the ammoniated species is very similar to that of Al{sub 3}O{sub 4}H{sub 2}{sup -}. The adiabatic electron affinity of Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}NH{sub 3} is determined to be 2.35(5) eV. Based on comparison between the spectra and calculated electron affinities, it appears that NH{sub 3} adds dissociatively to Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -}, suggesting that the time for the Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -}{center_dot}NH{sub 3} complex to either overcome or tunnel through the barrier to proton transfer (which is higher for NH{sub 3} than for water) is short relative to the time for collisional cooling in the experiment.

Wyrwas, Richard B.; Jarrold, Caroline Chick; Das, Ujjal; Raghavachari, Krishnan [Indiana University, Department of Chemistry, Bloomington, Indiana 47405-7102 (United States)

2006-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

129

Tunnel optical radiation in In{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An investigation of tunnel optical radiation in epitaxial layers of n-type In{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N grown on p-type GaN by novel plasma based migration enhanced epitaxy is presented. Experimental results of electro-luminescence spectra for In{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N/p?GaN hetero-junctions were obtained and they show two well expressed optical bands - one in range 500-540 nm and other in range 550-610 nm. An interesting detail is that each band begins and ends by sharp drops of the radiation, which nearly approach zero. A theoretical investigation of the unusual behavior of these spectra was done using LCAO electron band structure calculations. The optical ranges of these bands show that the radiation occurs in the In{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N region. In fact, substitutions of In atoms in Ga sites creates defects in the structure of In{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N and the corresponding LCAO matrix elements are found on this basis. The LCAO electron band structures are calculated considering the interactions between nearest-neighbor orbitals. Electron energy pockets are found in both the conduction and the valence bands at the ? point of the electron band structures. Also it is found that these pockets are separated by distances, for which there is overlapping between the electron wave functions describing localized states belonging to the pockets, and as a result tunnel optical radiation can take place. This type of electron transition - between such a pocket in the conduction band and a pocket in the valence band - occurs in In{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N, causing the above described optical bands. This conclusion concurs with the fact that the shapes of these bands change with change of the applied voltage.

Alexandrov, Dimiter; Skerget, Shawn [Semiconductor Research Laboratory, Lakehead University, 955 Oliver Road, Thunder Bay, Ontario P7B5E1 (Canada)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

130

Preparation of U.sub.3 O.sub.8  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for the preparation of U.sub.3 O.sub.8 nuclear fuel material by direct precipitation of uranyl formate monohydrate from uranyl nitrate solution. The uranyl formate monohydrate precipitate is removed, dried and calcined to produce U.sub.3 O.sub.8 having a controlled particle size distribution.

Johnson, David R. (Aiken, SC)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Electrical and structural characteristics of metamorphic In{sub 0.38}Al{sub 0.62}As/In{sub 0.37}Ga{sub 0.63}As/In{sub 0.38}Al{sub 0.62}As HEMT nanoheterostructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of the metamorphic buffer design and epitaxial growth conditions on the electrical and structural characteristics of metamorphic In{sub 0.38}Al{sub 0.62}As/In{sub 0.37}Ga{sub 0.63}As/In{sub 0.38}Al{sub 0.62}As high electron mobility transistor (MHEMT) nanoheterostructures has been investigated. The samples were grown on GaAs(100) substrates by molecular beam epitaxy. The active regions of the nanoheterostructures are identical, while the metamorphic buffer In{sub x}Al{sub 1-x}As is formed with a linear or stepwise (by {Delta}{sub x} = 0.05) increase in the indium content over depth. It is found that MHEMT nanoheterostructures with a step metamorphic buffer have fewer defects and possess higher values of two-dimensional electron gas mobility at T = 77 K. The structures of the active region and metamorphic buffer have been thoroughly studied by transmission electron microscopy. It is shown that the relaxation of metamorphic buffer in the heterostructures under consideration is accompanied by the formation of structural defects of the following types: dislocations, microtwins, stacking faults, and wurtzite phase inclusions several nanometers in size.

Galiev, G. B., E-mail: s_s_e_r_p@mail.ru; Klimov, E. A.; Klochkov, A. N.; Maltsev, P. P.; Pushkarev, S. S. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Ultrahigh Frequency Semiconductor Electronics (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Ultrahigh Frequency Semiconductor Electronics (Russian Federation); Zhigalina, O. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation); Imamov, R. M., E-mail: imamov@ns.crys.ras.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Ultrahigh Frequency Semiconductor Electronics (Russian Federation); Kuskova, A. N.; Khmelenin, D. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

132

Structural characterization and novel optical properties of defect chalcopyrite ZnGa{sub 2}Te{sub 4} thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: {yields} Preparation and characterization of ZnGa{sub 2}Te{sub 4} in powder and thin film forms. {yields} Structure properties such as XRD and EDX. {yields} Optical constant of the as-deposited ZnGa{sub 2}Te{sub 4} for the first time. {yields} Extraction of the optical parameters of the studied films. -- Abstract: Stoichiometric thin film samples of the ternary ZnGa{sub 2}Te{sub 4} defect chalcopyrite compound were prepared and characterized by X-ray diffraction technique. The elemental chemical composition of the prepared bulk material as well as of the as-deposited film was determined by energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry. ZnGa{sub 2}Te{sub 4} thin films were deposited, by conventional thermal evaporation technique onto highly cleaned glass substrates. The X-ray and electron diffraction studies revealed that the as-deposited and the annealed ZnGa{sub 2}Te{sub 4} films at annealing temperature t{sub a} {<=} 548 K are amorphous, while those annealed at t{sub a} {>=} 573 K (for 1 h), are polycrystalline. The optical properties of the as-deposited films have been investigated for the first time at normal incidence in the spectral range from 500 to 2500 nm. The refractive index dispersion in the transmission and low absorption region is adequately described by the Wemple-DiDomenico single oscillator model, whereby, the values of the oscillator parameters have been calculated. The analysis of the optical absorption coefficient revealed an in-direct optical transition with energy of 1.33 eV for the as-deposited sample. This work suggested that ZnGa{sub 2}Te{sub 4} is a good candidate in solar cell devices as an absorbing layer.

Fouad, S.S., E-mail: icgegypt@link.net [Department of Physics, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo (Egypt); Sakr, G.B., E-mail: gamalsaker@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo (Egypt); Yahia, I.S., E-mail: dr_isyahia@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo (Egypt); Basset, D.M. Abdel, E-mail: dalia.physics@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo (Egypt)] [Department of Physics, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Cairo (Egypt)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

VO.sub.2 precipitates for self-protected optical surfaces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for forming crystallographically coherent precipitates of vanadium dioxide in the near-surface region of sapphire and the resulting product is disclosed. Ions of vanadium and oxygen are stoichiometrically implanted into a sapphire substrate (Al.sub.2 O.sub.3), and subsequently annealed to form vanadium dioxide precipitates in the substrate. The embedded VO.sub.2 precipitates, which are three-dimensionally oriented with respect to the crystal axes of the Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 host lattice, undergo a first-order monoclinic-to-tetragonal (and also semiconducting-to-metallic) phase transition at .about.77.degree. C. This transformation is accompanied by a significant variation in the optical transmission of the implanted region and results in the formation of an optically active, thermally "switchable" surface region on Al.sub.2 O.sub.3.

Gea, Laurence A. (Knoxville, TN); Boatner, Lynn A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

VO{sub 2} precipitates for self-protected optical surfaces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for forming crystallographically coherent precipitates of vanadium dioxide in the near-surface region of sapphire and the resulting product is disclosed. Ions of vanadium and oxygen are stoichiometrically implanted into a sapphire substrate (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}), and subsequently annealed to form vanadium dioxide precipitates in the substrate. The embedded VO{sub 2} precipitates, which are three-dimensionally oriented with respect to the crystal axes of the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} host lattice, undergo a first-order monoclinic-to-tetragonal (and also semiconducting-to-metallic) phase transition at ca. 77 C. This transformation is accompanied by a significant variation in the optical transmission of the implanted region and results in the formation of an optically active, thermally ``switchable`` surface region on Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. 5 figs.

Gea, L.A.; Boatner, L.A.

1999-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

135

Rutgers Regional Report # Regional Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, population, income, and building permits over a 32-year period from 1969 to 2001 for the 31-county Tri counties of the Tri-State (Connecticut, New Jersey, and New York) Region have been divided for analytical the nation and the Tri-State Region. What has not been fully documented, however, is the apparent shift

Garfunkel, Eric

136

Magnetic depth profile of a modulation doped La{sub 1-x}Ca{sub x}MnO{sub 3} exchange-biased system.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent magnetometry measurements in modulation-doped La{sub 1-x}Ca{sub x}MnO{sub 3} suggested that a net magnetization extends from the ferromagnetic layers into the adjacent antiferromagnet layers. Here we test this hypothesis by polarized neutron reflectometry, which allows us to determine the depth resolved magnetization profile. From fits to the reflectivity data we find that the additional magnetization does not occur at the ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic interfaces, but rather in a thin region of the first antiferromagnetic layer adjacent to the interface with the substrate.

Hoffmann, A.; May, S. J.; teVelthuis, S. G. E.; Park, S.; Fitzsimmons, M. R.; Campillo, G.; Gomez, M. E.; LANL; Pusan National Univ.; Universidad del Valle; Universidad Autonoma de Madrid

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Structural distortions in the spin-gap regime of the quantum antiferromagnet SrCu{sub 2}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the first crystallographic study within the low-temperature (<40 K) spin-gap region of the two-dimensional frustrated antiferromagnet SrCu{sub 2}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2}. The crystal system does not deviate from the tetragonal I-42m space group symmetry. However, our high-resolution neutron powder diffraction measurements uncover subtle structural modifications below 34 K, concomitant to the formation of the dimer singlet ground state. Intimate spin-lattice coupling leads to negative thermal expansion of the tetragonal structure, which reflects into particular local lattice adjustments. The extracted structural parameters suggest the reduction of the buckling found in the copper-borate planes and the strengthening of the leading, in-plane intra-dimer superexchange interaction. The observed contraction along the c-axis, associated with the inter-dimer exchange in adjacent layers, indicates the involvement of weaker three-dimensional interactions in the magnetic properties. The rules posed by the crystal symmetry do not preclude Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interactions, which therefore remain as an important source of spin anisotropy necessary to rationalise the ground state behaviour. - Abstract: We report the first crystallographic study within the low-temperature spin-gap region of the two-dimensional frustrated antiferromagnet SrCu{sub 2}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2}. Subtle spin-lattice coupling was unveiled in the low-temperature region. Display Omitted

Vecchini, C., E-mail: c.vecchini@rl.ac.u [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas, Vassilika Vouton, 711 10 Heraklion, Crete (Greece); ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Adamopoulos, O. [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas, Vassilika Vouton, 711 10 Heraklion, Crete (Greece); Department of Chemistry, University of Crete, Voutes, 710 03 Heraklion (Greece); Chapon, L.C. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Lappas, A., E-mail: lappas@iesl.forth.g [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas, Vassilika Vouton, 711 10 Heraklion, Crete (Greece); Kageyama, H. [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Ueda, Y. [Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); Zorko, A. [Institute Jozef Stefan, Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Anisotropic magnetoresistance of epitaxial Pr{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}MnO{sub 3} film  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The magnetic field and temperature dependent anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) of the epitaxial grown Pr{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}MnO{sub 3} thin films was investigated. It was found that the magnetoresistance exhibited the characteristics of magnetic polaron hopping. A two-fold symmetric AMR occurred in the ferromagnetic region (?220?K?region (T?region.

Chen, X. G.; Yang, Y. B.; Wang, C. S.; Liu, S. Q.; Zhang, Y.; Han, J. Z.; Yang, Y. C. [State Key Laboratory of Mesoscopic Physics, and School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Yang, J. B., E-mail: jbyang@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Mesoscopic Physics, and School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing 100871 (China)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

139

Evidence for SF sub 4 and SF sub 2 formation in SF sub 6 corona discharges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Direct detection of positive ions produced in positive point-to-plane SF{sub 6} corona discharges indicate the formation of SF{sub x}{sup +}, x = 1-5. Estimates of SF{sub 3}{sup +}, SF{sub 2}{sup +} and SF{sup +} from electron impact dissociative ionization cross section data of SF{sub 6}indicate that the experimental values are higher by factors of 10, 59, and 46 respectively. This can be explained on the basis of steady state concentrations of SF{sub 4}, and the ions SF{sub 2}{sup +} and SF{sup +} are derived from SF{sub 2}. Further, more direct evidence is given by the observation of cluster ions SF{sub x}{sup +}(SF{sub 4}) and SF{sub x}{sup +}(SF{sub 2}), x = 2,3. The formation of SF{sub 4} and SF{sub 2} will be discussed in the context of chemical kinetics models and plasma studies which also indicate formation of these species in SF{sub 6} discharges and its relevance to stable by-product formation. 18 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

Sauers, I.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

As[sub 2]S[sub 3]/Sr(Ti[sub 0.7]Co[sub 0.3])O[sub 3] and As[sub 2]S[sub 3]/Sr(Ti[sub 0.6]Fe[sub 0.4])O[sub 3] strip-loaded waveguides for integrated magneto-optical isolator applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sr(Ti[sub 0.6]Fe[sub 0.4])O[sub 3] (STF) and Sr(Ti[sub 0.7]Co[sub 0.3])O[sub 3] (STC) room-temperature ferromagnetic oxides were grown epitaxially on LaAlO[sub 3](001), (LaSr)(AlTa)O[sub 3] (001) and Si (001) substrates. ...

Bi, Lei

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region nerc sub" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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141

Crystal structure, growth and characterization of LiPbB{sub 9}O{sub 15}: A new congruent melting nonlinear optical crystal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new congruent-melting crystal LiPbB{sub 9}O{sub 15} (LPBO) has been grown and its structure was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. LPBO crystallizes in a polar space group R3c with a large unit cell of a=b=21.649(11) Å, c=17.193(11) Å, and Z=24. The basic anionic unit, (B{sub 3}O{sub 7}){sup 5?} group, is connected by terminal O atoms to build an infinite [(B{sub 3}O{sub 5}){sup ?}]{sub n} helical chain along the c axis. Second harmonic generation (SHG) measurements of the title compound indicate that LPBO can be phase matchable and its SHG coefficient is almost equal to that of KDP, which is about 3.3 times that of its analog BaLiB{sub 9}O{sub 15}. This significant enhancement of the SHG effect can be tentatively attributed to the lone pair Pb{sup 2+} cations with severely distorted coordination. LPBO has a wide transparent region from 410 to 2500 nm with a UV absorption edge about 261 nm according to the reflectance spectra. - Graphical abstract: The crystal structure of LiPbB{sub 9}O{sub 15} composed of the (B{sub 3}O{sub 7}){sup 5?} anionic group and the lone pair Pb and Li polyhedra along c axis. - Highlights: • A new congruent-melt NLO crystal LiPbB{sub 9}O{sub 15} (LPBO) has been grown. • The basic structural unit of LPBO is B{sub 3}O{sub 7} group same as that found in LiB{sub 3}O{sub 5}. • LPBO is phase matchable with SHG signal 10 times that of its Ba-analog. • LPBO is highly transparent within 410–1700 nm with a UV cut-off of 261 nm.

Xia, M.J.; Li, R.K., E-mail: rkli@mail.ipc.ac.cn

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

Electronic and thermoelectric analysis of phases in the In<sub>2sub>O>3sub>(ZnO)k> system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high-temperature electrical conductivity and thermopower of several compounds in the In<sub>2sub>O>3sub>(ZnO)k> system (k = 3, 5, 7, and 9) were measured, and the band structures of the k = 1, 2, and 3 structures were predicted based on first-principles calculations. These phases exhibit highly dispersed conduction bands consistent with transparent conducting oxide behavior. Jonker plots (Seebeck coefficient vs. natural logarithm of conductivity) were used to obtain the product of the density of states and mobility for these phases, which were related to the maximum achievable power factor (thermopower squared times conductivity) for each phase by Ioffe analysis (maximum power factor vs. Jonker plot intercept). With the exception of the k = 9 phase, all other phases were found to have maximum predicted power factors comparable to other thermoelectric oxides if suitably doped.

Hopper, E. Mitchell; Zhu, Qimin; Song, Jung-Hwan; Peng, Haowei; Freeman, Arthur J.; Mason, Thomas O.

2011-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

143

High temperature redox reactions with uranium: Synthesis and characterization of Cs(UO{sub 2})Cl(SeO{sub 3}), Rb{sub 2}(UO{sub 2}){sub 3}O{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2}, and RbNa{sub 5}U{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 7}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cs(UO{sub 2})Cl(SeO{sub 3}) (1), Rb{sub 2}(UO{sub 2}){sub 3}O{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3} (2), and RbNa{sub 5}U{sub 2}(SO{sub 4}){sub 7} (3) single crystals were synthesized using CsCl, RbCl, and a CuCl/NaCl eutectic mixture as fluxes, respectively. Their lattice parameters and space groups are as follows: P2{sub 1}/n (a=6.548(1) Å, b=11.052(2) Å, c=10.666(2) Å and ?=93.897(3)°), P1{sup ¯} (a=7.051(2) Å, b=7.198(2) Å, c=8.314(2) Å, ?=107.897(3)°, ?=102.687(3)° and ?=100.564(3)°) and C2/c (a=17.862(4) Å, b=6.931(1) Å, c=20.133(4) Å and ?=109.737(6)°. The small anionic building units found in these compounds are SeO{sub 3}{sup 2?} and SO{sub 4}{sup 2?} tetrahedra, oxide, and chloride. The crystal structure of the first compound is composed of [(UO{sub 2}){sub 2}Cl{sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2}]{sup 2?} chains separated by Cs{sup +} cations. The structure of (2) is constructed from [(UO{sub 2}){sub 3}O{sub 11}]{sup 16?} chains further connected through selenite units into layers stacked perpendicularly to the [0 1 0] direction, with Rb{sup +} cations intercalating between them. The structure of compound (3) is made of uranyl sulfate layers formed by edge and vertex connections between dimeric [U{sub 2}O{sub 16}] and [SO{sub 4}] polyhedra. These layers contain unusual sulfate–metal connectivity as well as large voids. - Graphical abstract: A new family of uranyl selenites and sulfates has been prepared by high-temperature redox reactions. This compounds display new bonding motifs. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Low-dimensional Uranyl Oxoanion compounds. • Conversion of U(IV) to U(VI) at high temperatures. • Dimensional reduction by both halides and stereochemically active lone-pairs.

Babo, Jean-Marie [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida State University, 95 Chieftan Way, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4390 (United States); Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Albrecht-Schmitt, Thomas E., E-mail: talbrechtschmitt@gmail.com [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida State University, 95 Chieftan Way, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4390 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

144

Quantum Critical Transition Amplifies Magnetoelastic Coupling in Mn[N(CN)<sub>2sub>]>2sub>  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the discovery of a magnetic quantum critical transition in Mn[N(CN)<sub>2sub>]>2sub> that drives the system from a canted antiferromagnetic state to the fully polarized state with amplified magnetoelastic coupling as an intrinsic part of the process. The local lattice distortions, revealed through systematic phonon frequency shifts, suggest a combined MnN<sub>6sub> octahedra distortion+counterrotation mechanism that reduces antiferromagnetic interactions and acts to accommodate the field-induced state. These findings deepen our understanding of magnetoelastic coupling near a magnetic quantum critical point and away from the static limit.

Brinzari, T. V.; Chen, P.; Sun, Q.-C.; Liu, J.; Tung, L.-C.; Wang, Y.; Schlueter, J. A.; Singleton, J.; Manson, J. L.; Whangbo, M.-H.; Litvinchuk, A. P.; Musfeldt, J. L.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

NERC Presentation: Accommodating High Levels of Variable Generation,  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAXBalanced Scorecard Federal2 to:Diesel Engines| Department ofOctober 29, 2010 |

146

Comments of North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartmentSmart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges |

147

Property:EIA/861/NercLocation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County, Maine:Plug PowerAddressDataFormat Jump

148

Microsoft PowerPoint - SWL NERC status june 2009.ppt  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMapping Richland OperationsU.S.OnlineTank09 Little Rock District,0CORPS

149

NERC Peer Review College Members January 2014 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Allessandro Battaglia University of Leicester http://www2.meteo.uni-bonn.de/mitarbeiter/battaglia/ Mr Martin

Brierley, Andrew

150

Microstructural features and domain formation in (Ba,Sr){sub 2}TiSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} fresnoites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The formation and co-existence of crystallographically modulated and non-modulated regions in (Ba,Sr){sub 2}TiSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} fresnoites is reviewed, particularly the dependence on local composition. It is shown that perturbations of the average fresnoite structure, determined from appreciable single crystals, are in some cases better described as nanometric domain intergrowths where departures from ideal stoichiometry are characteristics of incommensuration, while modulation is absent from volumes that are less perturbed chemically. Evidence for this differentiation is obtained from selected area electron diffraction (SAED) patterns and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images. The domains are readily distinguished by their unique contrast in bright field electron micrographs. Fourier reconstructions of HRTEM images collected from areas with darker contrast show that modulation can change within relatively small volumes. Nearby areas with lighter contrast were found by SAED to be free of structural disorder and incommensurate reflections. - Graphical abstract: Fresnoite layers contain SiO{sub 4} and TiO{sub 5} polyhedra that undergo run rotation and tilting to create 3D, 4D and 5D structural modulations that can be directly observed by electron diffraction and high resolution imaging. Highlights: {yields}(Ba,Sr){sub 2}TiSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} fresnoites contain commensurate and incommensurate domains. > Departures in stoichiometry promote the formation of nanostructured domains. > Domains formation may provide a means for reducing strain in single crystals.

Wong, Chui Ling, E-mail: wong0233@e.ntu.edu.sg [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); Ferraris, Cristiano [Laboratoire de Mineralogie et Cosmchimie du Museum National d'Historie Naturelle, UMR-CNRS 7202, CP 52, 61 Rue Buffon, 75005 Paris (France); White, T.J. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798 (Singapore); Centre for Advanced Microscopy, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

151

Reverse Monte Carlo simulation of Se{sub 80}Te{sub 20} and Se{sub 80}Te{sub 15}Sb{sub 5} glasses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two-dimensional Monte Carlo of the total pair distribution functions g(r) is determined for Se{sub 80}Te{sub 20} and Se{sub 80}Te{sub 15}Sb{sub 5} alloys, and then it used to assemble the three-dimensional atomic configurations using the reverse Monte Carlo simulation. The partial pair distribution functions g{sub ij}(r) indicate that the basic structure unit in the Se{sub 80}Te{sub 15}Sb{sub 5} glass is di-antimony tri-selenide units connected together through Se-Se and Se-Te chain. The structure of Se{sub 80}Te{sub 20} alloys is a chain of Se-Te and Se-Se in addition to some rings of Se atoms.

Abdel-Baset, A. M.; Rashad, M. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science , Assiut University, Assiut, P.O. Box 71516 (Egypt); Moharram, A. H. [Faculty of Science, King Abdul Aziz Univ., Rabigh Branch, P.O. Box 433 (Saudi Arabia)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

152

Resonance Raman and theoretical investigation of the photodissociation dynamics of benzamide in S{sub 3} state  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Resonance Raman spectra were obtained for benzamide in methanol and acetonitrile solutions with excitation wavelengths in resonance with the S{sub 3} state. These spectra indicate that the Franck-Condon region photodissociation dynamics have multidimensional character with the motions mainly along the benzene ring C=C stretch {nu}{sub 9}, the Ph-CO-NH{sub 2} and ring benzene stretch {nu}{sub 14}, the CCH in plane bend {nu}{sub 17}, the Ph-CO-NH{sub 2} stretch and NH{sub 2} rock {nu}{sub 19}, the ring trigonal bend {nu}{sub 23}, and the ring deformation and Ph-CO-NH{sub 2} stretch {nu}{sub 29}. A preliminary resonance Raman intensity analysis was done, and the results were compared to those previously reported for acetophenone to examine the substituent effect. Solvent effect on the short-time photodissociation dynamics of benzamide was also examined. A conical intersection point S{sub 2}/S{sub 3} between S{sub 3} and S{sub 2} potential energy surfaces of benzamide was determined by using a complete active space self-consistent field theory computations. The structural differences and similarities between S{sub 3}/S{sub 2} point and S{sub 0} were examined, and the results were used to correlate to the Franck-Condon photodissociation dynamics of benzamide in S{sub 3} state.

Pei Kemei; Ma Yufang; Zheng Xuming [Department of Chemistry and State Key Laboratory of ATMMT (MOE), Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018 (China)

2008-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

153

Effects of coexisting spin disorder and antiferromagnetism on the magnetic behavior of nanostructured (Fe{sub 79}Mn{sub 21}){sub 1?x}Cu{sub x} alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a magnetic study on nanostructured (Fe{sub 79}Mn{sub 21}){sub 1?x}Cu{sub x} (0.00???x???0.30) alloys using static magnetic measurements. The alloys are mainly composed by an antiferromagnetic fcc phase and a disordered region that displays a spin-glass-like behavior. The interplay between the antiferromagnetic and magnetically disordered phases establishes an exchange anisotropy that gives rise to a loop shift at temperatures below the freezing temperature of moments belonging to the disordered region. The loop shift is more noticeable as the Cu content increases, which also enhances the spin-glass-like features. Further, in the x?=?0.30 alloy the alignment imposed by applied magnetic fields higher than 4 kOe prevail over the configuration determined by the frustration mechanism that characterizes the spin glass-like phase.

Mizrahi, M., E-mail: mizrahi@fisica.unlp.edu.ar, E-mail: cabrera@fisica.unlp.edu.ar [INIFTA-CCT- La Plata-CONICET and Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, C. C. 67, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Cabrera, A. F., E-mail: mizrahi@fisica.unlp.edu.ar, E-mail: cabrera@fisica.unlp.edu.ar; Desimoni, J. [IFLP-CCT-La Plata-CONICET and Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas C.C. 67, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Stewart, S. J. [IFLP-CCT-La Plata-CONICET and Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas C.C. 67, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Instituto Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Nacional Arturo Jauretche, Av. Calchaquí No. 6200, Florencio Varela (Argentina)

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

154

Linear and nonlinear optical properties of GaAs/Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}As/GaAs/Al{sub y}Ga{sub 1?y}As multi-shell spherical quantum dot  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, the optical properties of GaAs/Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}As/GaAs/Al{sub y}Ga{sub 1?y}As multi-shell quantum dot heterostructure have been studied as a function of Al doping concentrations for cases with and without a hydrogenic donor atom. It has been observed that the absorption coefficient strength and/or resonant absorption wavelength can be adjusted by changing the Al content of inner-barrier and/or outer-barrier regions. Besides, it has been shown that the donor atom has an important effect on the control of the electronic and optical properties of the structure. The results have been presented as a function of the Al contents of the inner-barrier x and outer-barrier y regions and probable physical reasons have been discussed.

Emre Kavruk, Ahmet, E-mail: aekavruk@selcuk.edu.tr, E-mail: aekavruk@gmail.com; Koc, Fatih [Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences, Selcuk University, 42075 Konya (Turkey); Sahin, Mehmet, E-mail: mehmet.sahin@agu.edu.tr, E-mail: mehsahin@gmail.com [Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences, Selcuk University, 42075 Konya (Turkey); Department of Material Sciences and Nanotechnology Engineering, Abdullah Gul University, Kayseri (Turkey)

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

155

Lasing characteristics of ZrO{sub 2}–Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}–Ho{sub 2}O{sub 3} crystal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spectral dependences of the gain cross section of the {sup 5}I{sub 8} ? {sup 5}I{sub 7}, {sup 5}I{sub 7} ? {sup 5}I{sub 8} transition of Ho{sup 3+} ions in the ZrO{sub 2} – 13.6 mol % Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} – 0.4 mol % Ho{sub 2}O{sub 3} crystal are calculated at different relative population inversions using the absorption and luminescence spectra of the {sup 5}I{sub 8} ? {sup 5}I{sub 7} and {sup 5}I{sub 7} ? {sup 5}I{sub 8} transitions of Ho{sup 3+} ions at T=''300'' K. Lasing of these crystals at the {sup 5}I{sub 7} ? {sup 5}I{sub 8} transition is obtained for the first time under pumping by a Tm : YLiF{sub 4} laser (?{sub p} = 1.905 ?m). The lasing wavelength is 2.17 ?m. (lasers)

Borik, M A; Lomonova, E E; Kulebyakin, A V; Ushakov, S N [A M Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Lyapin, A A; Ryabochkina, P A; Chabushkin, A N [N.P. Ogarev Mordovian State University, Saransk (Russian Federation)

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

156

Investigation of combinatorial coevaporated thin film Cu{sub 2}ZnSnS{sub 4}. I. Temperature effect, crystalline phases, morphology, and photoluminescence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cu{sub 2}ZnSnS{sub 4} is a promising low-cost, nontoxic, earth-abundant absorber material for thin-film solar cell applications. In this study, combinatorial coevaporation was used to synthesize individual thin-film samples spanning a wide range of compositions at low (325?°C) and high (475?°C) temperatures. Film composition, grain morphology, crystalline-phase and photo-excitation information have been characterized by x-ray fluorescence, scanning electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, and photoluminescence imaging and mapping. Highly textured columnar grain morphology is observed for film compositions along the ZnS-Cu{sub 2}ZnSnS{sub 4}-Cu{sub 2}SnS{sub 3} tie line in the quasi-ternary Cu{sub 2}S-ZnS-SnS{sub 2} phase system, and this effect is attributed to structural similarity between the Cu{sub 2}ZnSnS{sub 4}, Cu{sub 2}SnS{sub 3}, and ZnS crystalline phases. At 475?°C growth temperature, Sn-S phases cannot condense because of their high vapor pressures. As a result, regions that received excess Sn flux during growth produced compositions falling along the ZnS-Cu{sub 2}ZnSnS{sub 4}-Cu{sub 2}SnS{sub 3} tie line. Room-temperature photoluminescence imaging reveals a strong correlation for these samples between film composition and photoluminescence intensity, where film regions with Cu/Sn ratios greater than ?2 show strong photoluminescence intensity, in comparison with much weaker photoluminescence in regions that received excess Sn flux during growth or subsequent processing. The observed photoluminescence quenching in regions that received excess Sn flux is attributed to the effects of Sn-related native point defects in Cu{sub 2}ZnSnS{sub 4} on non-radiative recombination processes. Implications for processing and performance of Cu{sub 2}ZnSnS{sub 4} solar cells are discussed.

Du, Hui; Yan, Fei; Young, Matthew; To, Bobby; Jiang, Chun-Sheng; Dippo, Pat; Kuciauskas, Darius; Teeter, Glenn, E-mail: glenn.teeter@nrel.gov [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 15013 Denver West Parkway, MS3218, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Chi, Zhenhuan [Renishaw Incorporated, 5277 Trillium Blvd., Hoffman Estates, Illinois 60192 (United States); Lund, Elizabeth A.; Hancock, Chris; Hlaing OO, Win Maw; Scarpulla, Mike A. [Departments of Chemical Engineering, Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Materials Science and Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112 (United States)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

157

Dopant spin states and magnetism of Sn{sub 1?x}Fe{sub x}O{sub 2} nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work reports detailed investigations of a series of ?2.6?nm sized, Sn{sub 1?x}Fe{sub x}O{sub 2} crystallites with x?=?0–0.10 using Mossbauer spectroscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR), and magnetometry to determine the oxidation state of Fe dopants and their role in the observed magnetic properties. The magnetic moment per Fe ion ? was the largest ?6.48?×?10{sup ?3} ?{sub B} for the sample with the lowest (0.001%) Fe doping, and it showed a rapid downward trend with increasing Fe doping. Majority of the Fe ions are in 3+ oxidation state occupying octahedral sites. Another significant fraction of Fe dopant ions is in 4+ oxidation state and a still smaller fraction might be existing as Fe{sup 2+} ions, both occupying distorted sites, presumably in the surface regions of the nanocrystals, near oxygen vacancies. These studies also suggest that the observed magnetism is not due to exchange coupling between Fe{sup 3+} spins. A more probable role for the multi-valent Fe ions may be to act as charge reservoirs, leading to charge transfer ferromagnetism.

Punnoose, A., E-mail: apunnoos@boisestate.edu; Dodge, Kelsey; Reddy, K. M.; Franco, Nevil; Chess, Jordan; Eixenberger, Josh [Department of Physics, Boise State University, Boise, Idaho 83725-1570 (United States); Beltrán, J. J. [Department of Physics, Boise State University, Boise, Idaho 83725-1570 (United States); Grupo de Estado Sólido, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Antioquia UdeA, Calle 70 No 52-21, Medellín (Colombia); Barrero, C. A. [Grupo de Estado Sólido, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Antioquia UdeA, Calle 70 No 52-21, Medellín (Colombia)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

158

Final Report: Northeastern Regional Center of the DOE's National Institute for Climatic Change Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Administration of the NERC of NICCR began at Penn State in December of 2005 and ended in December of 2011. During that time, five requests for proposals were released and five rounds of proposals were reviewed, awarded and administered. Throughout this award, 203 pre-proposals have been received by the NERC in five RFPS and 110 full proposals invited. Of the 110 full proposals reviewed, 53 were funded (most in full, some partially) resulting in 51 subcontracts. These awards were distributed among 17 universities and 3 non-governmental research institutes. Full proposals have been received from 29 universities and 5 non-governmental research institutes. Research activities have now been completed.

Davis, Kenneth

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

159

Intrinsic relationship between electronic structures and phase transition of SrBi{sub 2?x}Nd{sub x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 9} ceramics from ultraviolet ellipsometry at elevated temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ferroelectric orthorhombic to paraelectric tetragonal phase transition of SrBi{sub 2?x}Nd{sub x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 9} (x?=?0, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2) layer-structured ceramics has been investigated by temperature-dependent spectroscopic ellipsometry. Based on the analysis of dielectric functions from 0 to 500?°C with double Tauc-Lorentz dispersion model, the interband transitions located at ultraviolet region have shown an abrupt variation near the Curie temperature. The changes of dielectric functions are mainly due to the thermal-optical and/or photoelastic effect. Moreover, the characteristic alteration in interband transitions can be ascribed to distortion of NbO{sub 6} octahedron and variation of hybridization between Bi 6s and O 2p states during the structure transformation.

Duan, Z. H.; Jiang, K.; Xu, L. P.; Li, Y. W.; Hu, Z. G., E-mail: zghu@ee.ecnu.edu.cn; Chu, J. H. [Key Laboratory of Polar Materials and Devices, Ministry of Education, Department of Electronic Engineering, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241 (China)

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

160

Chemisorption and catalysis by metal clusters. II. Chemisorption of carbon monoxide and of oxygen by supported osmium clusters derived from Os/sub 3/(CO)/sub 12/ and from Os/sub 6/(CO)/sub 18/  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon monoxide and oxygen have been chemisorbed at 293 K on the high-nuclearity carbonyl-protected clusters (the various species A) obtained by heating in vacuo to 523 K Os/sub 3/(CO)/sub 12/ or Os/sub 6/(CO)/sub 18/ impregnated on silica, alumina, or titania. The adsorption isotherms have a conventional appearance, but most are composed of a primary and a secondary region. Material adsorbed in the secondary region is removed by evacuation at room temperature whereas that adsorbed in the primary region is removed by evacuation at elevated temperatures. For species A/alumina and the species A/titania the primary region is complete and the secondary region commences when the pressure over the adsorbent is 0.2 Torr. Species A/silica gave no secondary region in oxygen adsorption. Adsorption and subsequent temperature-programmed desorption of (/sup 18/O)CO occurred without any dilution by (/sup 16/O)CO, indicating that ligand-(/sup 16/O)CO and adsorbed-(/sup 18/O)CO do not exchange even at elevated temperatures. The two species A/aluminas catalyzed oxygen isotope exchange at 293 K. From the experimental evidence it is deduced that carbon monoxide and oxygen each adsorbs molecularly in both the primary and the secondary regions. In the primary region carbon monoxide adsorption occurs at osmium sites on the cluster framework, whereas in the secondary region it occurs at ligand-carbon bonded to osmium. For oxygen, adsorption in the primary region is again at osmium sites on the cluster framework but that in the secondary region is at osmium sites of the cluster framework suitably modified as a result of the support-cluster interaction.

Hunt, D.J.; Jackson, S.D.; Moyes, R.B.; Wells, P.B.; Whyman, R.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region nerc sub" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Criticality Safety Study of UF<sub>6sub>and UO<sub>2sub>F>2sub>in 8-in. Inner Diameter Piping  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide an evaluation of the criticality safety aspects of using up to 8-in.-inner-diameter (ID) piping as part of a system to monitor the {sup 235}U enrichment in uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) gas both before and after an enrichment down-blending operation. The evaluated operation does not include the blending stage but includes only the monitors and the piping directly associated with the monitors, which are in a separate room from the blending operation. There are active controls in place to limit the enrichment of the blended UF{sub 6} to a maximum of 5 weight percent (wt%) {sup 235}U. Under normal operating conditions of temperature and pressure, the UF{sub 6} will stay in the gas phase and criticality will not be credible. The two accidents of concern are solidification of the UF{sub 6} along with some hydrofluoric acid (HF) and water or moisture ingress, which would cause the UF{sub 6} gas to react and form a hydrated uranyl fluoride (UO{sub 2}F{sub 2}) solid or solution. Of these two types of accidents, the addition of water and formation of UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} is the most reactive scenario and thus limits related to UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} will bound the limits related to UF{sub 6}. Two types of systems are included in the monitoring process. The first measures the enrichment of the approximately 90 wt% enriched UF{sub 6} before it is blended. This system uses a maximum 4-in.-(10.16-cm-) ID pipe, which is smaller than the 13.7-cm-cylinder-diameter subcritical limit for UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} solution of any enrichment as given in Table 1 of American National Standard ANSI/ANS-8.1.1 Therefore, this system poses no criticality concerns for either accident scenario. The second type of system includes two enrichment monitors for lower-enriched UF{sub 6}. One monitors the approximately 1.5 wt% enriched UF{sub 6} entering the blending process, and the second monitors the approximately 5 wt% enriched UF{sub 6} coming out of the blending process. Both use a maximum 8-in.-(20.32-cm-) ID piping, where the length of the larger ID piping is approximately 9.5 m. This diameter of piping is below the 26.6-cm-cylinder-diameter subcritical limit for 5 wt% enriched UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} solutions as given in Table 6 of ANSI/ANS-8.1. Therefore, for up to 5 wt% enriched UF{sub 6}, this piping does not present a criticality concern for either accident scenario. Calculations were performed to determine the enrichment level at which criticality could become a concern in these 8-in.-ID piping sections. Both unreflected and fully water-reflected conditions were considered.

Elam, K.R.

2003-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

162

PlanetEarthWinter2002--www.nerc.ac.uk PlanetEarthWinter2002--www.nerc.ac.uk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to carry out visual surveys, pipeline construction and general maintenance. In the seas to the west work class ROVs designed and operated by Subsea 7, called Centurion 21 and 30. There are also two

National Oceanography Centre, Southampton

163

NERC Environmental Travel Policy 1. NERC recognises that, although travel is an essential part of our business  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be justified. Sharing a car with fellow travellers is also important as is selecting the most appropriate hire vehicle. · Private car ­ only when hire car option is not viable and share whenever possible · Air, rail and public transport ­ the preferred choice for essential medium to long journeys; · Hire car

Brierley, Andrew

164

Isotope Effect on Adsorbed Quantum Phases: Diffusion of H<sub>2sub> and D<sub>2sub> in Nanoporous Carbon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quasielastic neutron scattering of H<sub>2sub> and D<sub>2sub> in the same nanoporous carbon at 10–40 K demonstrates extreme quantum sieving, with D<sub>2sub> diffusing up to 76 times faster. D<sub>2sub> also shows liquidlike diffusion while H<sub>2sub> exhibits Chudley-Elliott jump diffusion, evidence of their different relationships with the local lattice of adsorption sites due to quantum effects on intermolecular interactions. The onset of diffusion occurs at 22–25 K for H<sub>2sub> and 10–13 K for D<sub>2sub>. At these temperatures, H<sub>2sub> and D<sub>2sub> have identical thermal de Broglie wavelengths that correlate with the dominant pore size.

Contescu, Cristian I.; Zhang, Hongxin; Olsen, Raina J.; Mamontov, Eugene; Morris, James R.; Gallego, Nidia C.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

THE ORIGIN OF ASTEROID 162173 (1999 JU{sub 3})  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Near-Earth asteroid (162173) 1999 JU{sub 3} (henceforth JU{sub 3}) is a potentially hazardous asteroid and the target of the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency's Hayabusa-2 sample return mission. JU{sub 3} is also a backup target for two other sample return missions: NASA's OSIRIS-REx and the European Space Agency's Marco Polo-R. We use dynamical information to identify an inner-belt, low-inclination origin through the {nu}{sub 6} resonance, more specifically, the region with 2.15 AU < a < 2.5 AU and i < 8 Degree-Sign . The geometric albedo of JU{sub 3} is 0.07 {+-} 0.01, and this inner-belt region contains four well-defined low-albedo asteroid families (Clarissa, Erigone, Polana, and Sulamitis), plus a recently identified background population of low-albedo asteroids outside these families. Only two of these five groups, the background and the Polana family, deliver JU{sub 3}-sized asteroids to the {nu}{sub 6} resonance, and the background delivers significantly more JU{sub 3}-sized asteroids. The available spectral evidence is also diagnostic; the visible and near-infrared spectra of JU{sub 3} indicate it is a C-type asteroid, which is compatible with members of the background, but not with the Polana family because it contains primarily B-type asteroids. Hence, this background population of low-albedo asteroids is the most likely source of JU{sub 3}.

Campins, Humberto [Physics Department, University of Central Florida, P.O. Box 162385, Orlando, FL 32816-2385 (United States); De Leon, Julia [Department of Edaphology and Geology, University of La Laguna, E-38071 Tenerife (Spain); Morbidelli, Alessandro; Gayon-Markt, Julie; Delbo, Marco; Michel, Patrick [Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis (UNS), CNRS UMR7293, F-06108 Nice Cedex 2 (France); Licandro, Javier [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC), C/Via Lactea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna (Spain)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effects of Gd{sub x}Er{sub 1?x}Ga (0???x???1) compounds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We carefully studied the magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect of Gd{sub x}Er{sub 1-x}Ga (0???x???1) compounds. The Gd{sub x}Er{sub 1-x}Ga compounds undergo two magnetic transitions with temperature increasing: spin-reorientation or antiferromagnetic-to-ferromagnetic (FM) transition and FM-to-paramagnetic transition. As the content of Gd increases from 0 to 1, the transition temperature in low temperature region changes from 15?K to 66?K and the Curie temperature increases obviously from 30?K to 181.9?K. Although the maximum value of magnetic entropy change (?S{sub M}) for Gd{sub x}Er{sub 1?x}Ga decreases with the increase of x, the refrigerant capacity (RC) improves remarkably compared with that of ErGa compound. Table-like ?S{sub M} curves are observed for the compounds with x?=?0.1, 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4, which are very useful for real cooling applications. And Gd{sub 0.2}Er{sub 0.8}Ga and Gd{sub 0.3}Er{sub 0.7}Ga compounds show better magnetocaloric features than others in this series under considerations of both ?S{sub M} and RC. The results of this series of compounds show us a possible way to design and improve the magnetic refrigerant materials by making some substitutions.

Zheng, X. Q.; Wang, L. C.; Wu, R. R.; Hu, F. X.; Sun, J. R.; Shen, B. G., E-mail: shenbg@aphy.iphy.ac.cn [Institute of Physics, State key laboratory for Magnetism, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Chen, J. [Beijing Institute of Aerospace Testing Technology, China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, Beijing 100074 (China)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

167

Characterization of ternary compounds in the BaO:Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}:TiO{sub 2} system: Ba{sub 6}Fe{sub 45}Ti{sub 17}O{sub 106} and BaFe{sub 11}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 23}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single crystals of Ba{sub 6}Fe{sub 45}Ti{sub 17}O{sub 106} and BaFe{sub 11}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 23} were obtained as major and minor coproducts, respectively, by slow-cooling an off-stoichiometric BaO:Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}:TiO{sub 2} melt. The former compound exhibits variable stoichiometry, Ba{sub 6}Fe{sub 48{minus}x}Ti{sub 14+x}O{sub 106}, with the Fe:Ti ratio dependent upon the partial pressure of oxygen. The value of x corresponds to the equivalents of reduction that occur to maintain electroneutrality as the Ti-content increases. When prepared in air, this phase occurs at x = 3 with the stoichiometry Ba{sub 6}Fe{sub 45}Ti{sub 17}O{sub 106}, while in 100% oxygen the x-value approaches zero with the resulting stoichiometry Ba{sub 6}Fe{sub 48}Ti{sub 14}O{sub 106} (all Fe{sup 3+} and Ti{sup 4+}). The structures of Ba{sub 6}Fe{sub 45}Ti{sub 17}O{sub 106} and BaFe{sub 11}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 23} were solved using single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods. Ba{sub 6}Fe{sub 45}Ti{sub 17}O{sub 106} was prepared in polycrystalline form, and further structural details, including accurate Fe/Ti occupancy factors, were determined by a combined refinement using neutron and synchrotron powder diffraction data. (Ba{sub 6}Fe{sub 45}Ti{sub 17}O{sub 106}: Space group C2/m (No 12); a = 19.390(1) {angstrom}, b = 20.260(1) {angstrom}, c = 10.076(1) {angstrom}, {beta} = 105.27(1){degree}; V = 3818.5(3) {angstrom}{sup 3}; Z = 2; {rho}{sub calc} = 5.08 g/cm{sup 3}. Ba{sub 6}Fe{sub 11}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 23}: Space group C2/c (No 15); a = 19.56(1) {angstrom}, b = 8.6614(7) {angstrom}, c = 10.120(1) {angstrom}, {beta} = 105.62(1){degree}; V = 1651.1(3) {angstrom}{sup 3}; Z = 4; {rho}{sub calc} = 5.08 g/cm{sup 3}.) The magnetic behavior of Ba{sub 6}Fe{sub 45}Ti{sub 17}O{sub 106} above room temperature up to 1073 K was found to obey the Curie-Weiss law, which indicated a small effective magnetic moment (34 {mu}{sub B} per mole Ba{sub 6}Fe{sub 45}Ti{sub 17}O{sub 106}) and a large negative temperature intercept ({minus}806 K). Electrical resistivity measurements between room temperature and 120 K revealed nonmetallic behavior with an activation energy on the order of 0.17 eV. At 347 MHz under ambient conditions, Ba{sub 6}Fe{sub 45}Ti{sub 17}O{sub 106} exhibited a relative permittivity of 24 and a dielectric loss tangent of 0.10.

Vanderah, T.A.; Wong-Ng, W.; Toby, B.H.; Shull, R.D.; Roth, R.S. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Materials Science and Engineering Lab.] [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Materials Science and Engineering Lab.; Browning, V.M. [Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States)] [Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States); Geyer, R.G. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO (United States)] [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO (United States)

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Strong Enhancement of Flux Pinning in YBa<sub>2sub>Cu>3sub>O>7-?sub> Multilayers with Columnar Defects Comprised of Self-Assembled BaZrO<sub>3sub>  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multilayer structures comprising YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} (YBCO) films with columns of self-assembled BaZrO{sub 3} (BZO) nanodots with interlayers of CeO{sub 2} or pure YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} were grown on rolling-assisted biaxially textured substrates (RABiTSs) using pulsed laser deposition. A significant enhancement of the critical current density (J{sub c}) was observed for the multilayers compared with a single layer of YBCO + BZO. J{sub c} varies as J{sub c}{approx}H{sup -{alpha}} with a of 0.27 for single layer of YBCO + BZO and 0.34 for both multilayered films. Enhancement of pinning in the multilayers is attributed to the presence of columnar defects comprised of self-assembled nanodots of BZO as well as planar CuO-type stacking defects arising as a result of interfacial reactions in the multilayers.

Kang, Sukill [ORNL; Leonard, Keith J [ORNL; Martin, Patrick M [ORNL; Li, Jing [ORNL; Goyal, Amit [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Oxygen concentration of Eu sub 1 Ba sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 7 minus x in vacuum: An atom probe study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atom Probe mass analysis, at 85 K, using a wide-angle instrument was used to measure the oxygen content and metallic stoichiometry of the near-surface region of the superconducting ceramic oxide Eu{sub 1}Ba{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{ital x}} ({ital x}{approx equal}0.1) after vacuum exposure at room temperature. Routine specimen preparation, handling, and field-ion imaging produced a specimen which had already lost oxygen such that its measured surface oxygen content corresponded to {ital x}=0.73 and the metallic stoichiometry of the surface was not the expected 1:2:3 but was enhanced in Ba and Eu. The specimen was subsequently exposed to vacuum for up to 80 h at room temperature and no additional loss of oxygen was detected. It was concluded that either (1) a stoichiometric low-oxygen surface also would not have lost oxygen or (2) the nonstoichiometric layer forms a barrier for subsequent oxygen loss.

Elswijk, H.B.; Melmed, A.J.; Camus, P.P. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Surface Science Division, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (US))

1989-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

170

Synthesis and characterization of hybrid materials based on 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ionic liquid and Dawson-type tungstophosphate K{sub 7}[H{sub 4}PW{sub 18}O{sub 62}].18H{sub 2}O and K{sub 6}[P{sub 2}W{sub 18}O{sub 62}].13H{sub 2}O  

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In this study, we synthesized hybrid materials using well-Dawson polyoxometalates (POMs), K{sub 7}[H{sub 4}PW{sub 18}O{sub 62}].18H{sub 2}O or K{sub 6}[P{sub 2}W{sub 18}O{sub 62}].13H{sub 2}O and a room temperature ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([BMIM][BF{sub 4}]). K, W, P and CHN elemental analysis showed that one mole of [H{sub 4}PW{sub 18}O{sub 62}]{sup 7-} reacts with 6 moles of BMIM{sup +} and one mole of [P{sub 2}W{sub 18}O{sub 62}]{sup 6-} reacts with 4 moles of BMIM{sup +} to form, respectively, K[BMIM]{sub 6}H{sub 4}PW{sub 18}O{sub 62} and K{sub 2}[BMIM]{sub 4}P{sub 2}W{sub 18}O{sub 62}. X-ray diffraction illustrated amorphous structure of the hybrid materials. FT-IR spectra showed the presence of both 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium cation and the Dawson anion. TG analysis displayed a relative thermal stability of the hybrid materials compared to the parents Dawson POMs. Cyclic voltammetry showed that the reduction peak potentials of the Dawson anion in the hybrid materials shift towards negative values and the shift is more pronounced for K[BMIM]{sub 6}H{sub 4}PW{sub 18}O{sub 62} compared to K{sub 2}[BMIM]{sub 4}P{sub 2}W{sub 18}O{sub 62}. This was attributed to a decrease in the acidity of the Dawson POM anion in the hybrid material. -- Graphical abstract: Powder XRD patterns of (a) PW{sub 18}, (b) K[BMIM]{sub 6}H{sub 4}PW{sub 18}O{sub 62}, (c) P{sub 2}W{sub 18}, and (d) K{sub 2}[BMIM]{sub 4}P{sub 2}W{sub 18}O{sub 62}. Display Omitted Research highlights: {yields} 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate([BMIM][BF{sub 4}]) reacts with K{sub 7}[H{sub 4}PW{sub 18}O{sub 62}].18H{sub 2}O to form K[BMIM]{sub 6}H{sub 4}PW{sub 18}O{sub 62}. {yields} [BMIM][BF{sub 4}] reacts with K{sub 6}[P{sub 2}W{sub 18}O{sub 62}].13H{sub 2}O to form K{sub 2}[BMIM]{sub 4}P{sub 2}W{sub 18}O{sub 62}. {yields} K[BMIM]{sub 6}H{sub 4}PW{sub 18}O{sub 62} and K{sub 2}[BMIM]{sub 4}P{sub 2}W{sub 18}O{sub 62} displayed amorphous structures. {yields} K[BMIM]{sub 6}H{sub 4}PW{sub 18}O{sub 62} and K{sub 2}[BMIM]{sub 4}P{sub 2}W{sub 18}O{sub 62} illustrated low water content. {yields} K[BMIM]{sub 6}H{sub 4}PW{sub 18}O{sub 62} and K{sub 2}[BMIM]{sub 4}P{sub 2}W{sub 18}O{sub 62} showed improved thermal stability.

Ammam, Malika, E-mail: m78ammam@yahoo.f [Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering (MTM), K.U Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 44, B-3001 Heverlee (Belgium); Fransaer, Jan [Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering (MTM), K.U Leuven, Kasteelpark Arenberg 44, B-3001 Heverlee (Belgium)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

First principles calculations, neutron, and x-ray diffraction investigation of Y{sub 3}Ni{sub 13}B{sub 2}, Y{sub 3}Co{sub 13}B{sub 2}, and Y{sub 3}Ni{sub 10}Co{sub 3}B{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fully relativistic calculations within the local spin density approximation and the generalized gradient approximation were performed to determine the local spin and orbital magnetic moments, as well as the magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy of Y{sub 3}Ni{sub 13}B{sub 2}, Y{sub 3}Co{sub 13}B{sub 2}, and Y{sub 3}Ni{sub 10}Co{sub 3}B{sub 2} compounds. A weak in-plane magnetic anisotropy is determined for Y{sub 3}Ni{sub 13}B{sub 2}, under the assumption of a crystallographic-like magnetic unit cell and collinear magnetic moments. The calculations predict considerable c-axis anisotropy for Y{sub 3}Co{sub 13}B{sub 2} and Y{sub 3}Ni{sub 10}Co{sub 3}B{sub 2}, but smaller than that of YCo{sub 5}. The values of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy correlate well with both the magnitude of the orbital magnetic moment and the orbital magnetic moment anisotropy. The mixing between Co or Ni 3d states and B 2p states, observable at the bottom of the valence band of the 3d metal having a boron atom nearest neighbor, decreases the 3d spin and especially, the 3d orbital magnetic moments. Y{sub 3}Ni{sub 13}B{sub 2} and Y{sub 3}Ni{sub 10}Co{sub 3}B{sub 2} were also investigated by powder neutron diffraction experiments, at temperatures between 1.8 and 249?K. The Co and Ni site averaged magnetic moments calculated in the mixed compound are in fair agreement with the values obtained by the refinement of the magnetic contribution to the diffraction pattern.

Plugaru, N.; Valeanu, M. [National Institute of Materials Physics, Atomistilor Str. 105bis, Magurele-Bucharest 077125, P.O. Box MG-07, Ilfov (Romania); Plugaru, R., E-mail: rodica.plugaru@imt.ro [National Institute for R and D in Microtechnologies, Erou Iancu Nicolae Str. 126A, Bucharest 077190, P.O. Box 38-160 (Romania); Campo, J. [Material Science Institute of Aragon, University of Zaragoza, C.S.I.C., E-50009 Zaragoza (Spain)

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

172

Influence of interface on structure and magnetic properties of Fe{sub 50}B{sub 50} nanoglass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In contrast to rapidly quenched metallic glasses, nanoglasses consist of two components, namely amorphous nanograins and interfacial regions with distinctively different properties. Various physical methods have been employed to obtain information on the atomistic and magnetic properties of such materials. For the case of a Fe{sub 50}B{sub 50} nanoglass, using high-energy X-ray diffraction, it was found that the short-range order of the nanograins is similar to that of a crystalline FeB alloy. Magnetic Compton scattering shows that the total magnetic moment is the sum of the magnetic moment of the nanograins and the weak magnetic moment of the interfacial regions (?{sub Interface}?=?+0.08??{sub B}). The measured moment of boron agrees (?{sub Boron}?=??0.08??{sub B}) with linear Muffin-Tin calculations. From the results of Mössbauer and magnetic Compton scattering, it can be concluded that the boron atoms segregate in the interfacial regions, resulting in a reduced boron concentration in the nanograins.

Stoesser, A.; Kilmametov, A. [Institute of Nanotechnology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe (Germany); Ghafari, M., E-mail: mohammad.ghafari@kit.edu, E-mail: skamali@ucdavis.edu; Gleiter, H. [Institute of Nanotechnology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe (Germany); Herbert Gleiter Institute of Nanoscience, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094 (China); Sakurai, Y.; Itou, M.; Kohara, S. [Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, SPring-8, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Hahn, H. [Institute of Nanotechnology, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe (Germany); Herbert Gleiter Institute of Nanoscience, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094 (China); Joint Research Laboratory Nanomaterials, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt (Germany); Kamali, S., E-mail: mohammad.ghafari@kit.edu, E-mail: skamali@ucdavis.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of California Davis, Davis, California 95616 (United States)

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

173

Special features of the excitation spectra and kinetics of photoluminescence of the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er/Si structures with relaxed heterolayers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Luminescent properties of heteroepitaxial Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er/Si structures with relaxed heterolayers are studied. The results of combined studies of the excitation spectra and kinetics of photoluminescence (PL) are used to single out the components providing the largest contribution to the PL signal of the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er/Si structures in the wavelength region of 1.54 {mu}m. It is shown that relaxation of elastic stresses in the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er heterolayer affects only slightly the kinetic characteristics of erbium luminescence and manifests itself in insignificant contribution of the defects and defect-impurity complexes to the luminescent response of the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er/Si structures. In the excitation spectra of the erbium PL, special features related to the possibility of the rare-earth impurity excitation at energies lower than the band gap of the Si{sub 1} {sub -x}Ge{sub x} solid solution are revealed. It is shown that a peak the width of which depends on the band gap of the solid solution and the extent of its relaxation is observed in the excitation spectra of the erbium-related PL in the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er/Si structures in the wavelength region of 1040-1050 nm. The observed specific features are accounted for by involvement of intermediate levels in the band gap of the Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}:Er solid solution in the process of excitation of an Er{sup 3+} ion.

Krasilnikova, L. V., E-mail: Luda@ipm.sci-nnov.ru; Yablonskiy, A. N.; Stepikhova, M. V.; Drozdov, Yu. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation); Shengurov, V. G. [Lobachevsky State University, Physicotechnical Research Institute (Russian Federation); Krasilnik, Z. F. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Physics of Microstructures (Russian Federation)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

174

Characterization of photoluminescent (Y{sub 1{minus}x}Eu{sub x}){sub 2}O{sub 3} thin-films prepared by metallorganic chemical vapor deposition  

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Europium doped yttrium oxide, (Y{sub 1{minus}x}Eu{sub x}){sub 2}O{sub 3}, thin-films were deposited on silicon and sapphire substrates by metallorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). The films were grown in a MOCVD chamber reacting yttrium and europium tris(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5,-heptanedionates) precursors in an oxygen atmosphere at low pressures (5 Torr) and low substrate temperatures (500--700 C). The films deposited at 500 C were flat and composed of nanocrystalline regions of cubic Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}, grown in a textured [100] or [110] orientation to the substrate surface. Films deposited at 600 C developed from the flat, nanocrystalline morphology into a plate-like growth morphology oriented in the [111] with increasing deposition time. Monoclinic Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} was observed in x-ray diffraction for deposition temperatures {ge}600 C on both (111) Si and (001) sapphire substrates. This was also confirmed by the photoluminescent emission spectra.

McKittrick, J.; Bacalski, C.F.; Hirata, G.A. [Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States); Hubbard, K.M.; Pattillo, S.G.; Salazar, K.V.; Trkula, M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Materials Science and Technology Div.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Conversion of closo-2,4-C/sub 2/B/sub 5/H/sub 7/ to (nido-2,4-C/sub 2/B/sub 4/H/sub 7/)/sup /minus//  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method for the conversion of closo-2-,4-C/sub 2/B/sub 5/H/sub 7/ to (nido-2,4-CB/sub 4/H/sub 7/)/sup /minus// by the use of Li(N(R)/sub 2/), R = CH/sub 3/, C/sub 2/H/sub 5/, CH(CH/sub 3/)/sub 2/, as the reagent and acetonitrile as the solvent. The stoichiometry for the reaction appears to be somewhat greater than 1:1 Li(N(R)/sub 2/):C/sub 2/B/sub 5/H/sub 7/. The reaction was found to be nearly quantitative at room temperature. The /sup 11/B NMR spectrum shows that there are at least two intermediates in the reaction. 14 references, 2 figures.

Abdou, Z.J.; Gomez, F.; Abdou, G.; Onak, T.

1988-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

176

Syntheses, structures, and properties of Ag{sub 4}(Mo{sub 2}O{sub 5})(SeO{sub 4}){sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}) and Ag{sub 2}(MoO{sub 3}){sub 3}SeO{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ag{sub 4}(Mo{sub 2}O{sub 5})(SeO{sub 4}){sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}) has been synthesized by reacting AgNO{sub 3}, MoO{sub 3}, and selenic acid under mild hydrothermal conditions. The structure of this compound consists of cis-MoO{sub 2} {sup 2+} molybdenyl units that are bridged to neighboring molybdenyl moieties by selenate anions and by a bridging oxo anion. These dimeric units are joined by selenite anions to yield zigzag one-dimensional chains that extended down the c-axis. Individual chains are polar with the C {sub 2} distortion of the Mo(VI) octahedra aligning on one side of each chain. However, the overall structure is centrosymmetric because neighboring chains have opposite alignment of the C {sub 2} distortion. Upon heating Ag{sub 4}(Mo{sub 2}O{sub 5})(SeO{sub 4}){sub 2}(SeO{sub 3}) looses SeO{sub 2} in two distinct steps to yield Ag{sub 2}MoO{sub 4}. Crystallographic data: (193 K; MoK{alpha}, {lambda}=0.71073 A): orthorhombic, space group Pbcm, a=5.6557(3), b=15.8904(7), c=15.7938(7) A, V=1419.41(12), Z=4, R(F)=2.72% for 121 parameters with 1829 reflections with I>2{sigma}(I). Ag{sub 2}(MoO{sub 3}){sub 3}SeO{sub 3} was synthesized by reacting AgNO{sub 3} with MoO{sub 3}, SeO{sub 2}, and HF under hydrothermal conditions. The structure of Ag{sub 2}(MoO{sub 3}){sub 3}SeO{sub 3} consists of three crystallographically unique Mo(VI) centers that are in 2+2+2 coordination environments with two long, two intermediate, and two short bonds. These MoO{sub 6} units are connected to form a molybdenyl ribbon that extends along the c-axis. These ribbons are further connected together through tridentate selenite anions to form two-dimensional layers in the [bc] plane. Crystallographic data: (193 K; MoK{alpha}, {lambda}=0.71073 A): monoclinic, space group P2{sub 1} /n, a=7.7034(5), b=11.1485(8), c=12.7500(9) A, {beta}=105.018(1) V=1002.7(2), Z=4, R(F)=3.45% for 164 parameters with 2454 reflections with I>2{sigma}(I). Ag{sub 2}(MoO{sub 3}){sub 3}SeO{sub 3} decomposes to Ag{sub 2}Mo{sub 3}O{sub 10} on heating above 550 deg. C. - Graphical abstract: A view of the one-dimensional [(Mo{sub 2}O{sub 5})(SeO{sub 4}){sub 2}(SeO{sub 3})]{sup 4-} chains that extend down the c-axis in the structure of Ag{sub 4}(Mo{sub 2}O{sub 5})(SeO{sub 4}){sub 2}(SeO{sub 3})

Ling Jie [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, 179 Chemistry Building, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 (United States); Albrecht-Schmitt, Thomas E. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, 179 Chemistry Building, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 (United States)], E-mail: albreth@auburn.edu

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

177

The extended chain compounds Ln {sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17} (Ln=Pr, Nd, Gd, Dy): Synthesis, structure and physical properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The title compounds are obtained in high yield from stoichiometric mixtures of Ln, LnI{sub 3} and graphite, heated at 900-950 deg. C in welded Ta containers. The crystal structures of new Pr and Nd phases determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction are related to those of other Ln {sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17}-type compounds (C 2/c, a=19.610(1) and 19.574(4) A, b=12.406(2) and 12.393(3) A, c=19.062(5) and 19.003(5) A, {beta}=90.45(3){sup o} and 90.41(3){sup o}, for Pr{sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17} and Nd{sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17}, respectively). All compounds contain infinite zigzag chains of C{sub 2}-centered metal atom octahedra condensed by edge-sharing into the [tcc] {sub {infinity}} sequence (c=cis, t=trans) and surrounded by edge-bridging iodine atoms as well as by apical iodine atoms that bridge between chains. The polycrystalline Gd{sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17} sample exhibits semiconducting thermal behavior which is consistent with an ionic formulation (Ln {sup 3+}){sub 12}(C{sub 2} {sup 6-}){sub 3}(I{sup -}){sub 17}(e{sup -}) under the assumption that one extra electron is localized in metal-metal bonding. The magnetization measurements on Nd{sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17}, Gd{sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17} and Dy{sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17} indicate the coexistence of competing magnetic interactions leading to spin freezing at T {sub f}=5 K for the Gd phase. The Nd and Dy compounds order antiferromagnetically at T {sub N}=25 and 29 K, respectively. For Dy{sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17}, a metamagnetic transition is observed at a critical magnetic field H{approx}25 kOe. - Graphical abstract: Zigzag chains of edge-sharing metal atom octahedra in Ln {sub 12}(C{sub 2}){sub 3}I{sub 17}.

Ryazanov, Mikhail [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstr. 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Mattausch, Hansjuergen [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstr. 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Simon, Arndt [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstr. 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)], E-mail: A.Simon@fkf.mpg.de

2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

178

Syntheses, crystal structures and optical properties of the first strontium selenium(IV) and tellurium(IV) oxychlorides: Sr{sub 3}(SeO{sub 3})(Se{sub 2}O{sub 5})Cl{sub 2} and Sr{sub 4}(Te{sub 3}O{sub 8})Cl{sub 4}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two new quaternary strontium selenium(IV) and tellurium(IV) oxychlorides, namely, Sr{sub 3}(SeO{sub 3})(Se{sub 2}O{sub 5})Cl{sub 2} and Sr{sub 4}(Te{sub 3}O{sub 8})Cl{sub 4}, have been prepared by solid-state reaction. Sr{sub 3}(SeO{sub 3})(Se{sub 2}O{sub 5})Cl{sub 2} features a three-dimensional (3D) network structure constructed from strontium(II) interconnected by Cl{sup -}, SeO{sub 3}{sup 2-} as well as Se{sub 2}O{sub 5}{sup 2-} anions. The structure of Sr{sub 4}(Te{sub 3}O{sub 8})Cl{sub 4} features a 3D network in which the strontium tellurium oxide slabs are interconnected by bridging Cl{sup -} anions. The diffuse reflectance spectrum measurements and results of the electronic band structure calculations indicate that both compounds are wide band-gap semiconductors. - Graphical abstract: Solid-state reactions of SrO, SrCl{sub 2}, and SeO{sub 2} or TeO{sub 2} in different molar ratios and under different temperatures lead to two new strontium selenium(IV) or tellurium(IV) oxychlorides with two different types of structures, namely, Sr{sub 3}(SeO{sub 3})(Se{sub 2}O{sub 5})Cl{sub 2} and Sr{sub 4}(Te{sub 3}O{sub 8})Cl{sub 4}. Both compounds are wide band-gap semiconductors based on the diffuse reflectance spectra and the electronic band structures.

Jiang Hailong [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Mao Jianggao [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China)], E-mail: mjg@fjirsm.ac.cn

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

179

Regional Purchasing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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180

Bi{sub 6}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}O{sub 5}Br{sub 2}: A new bismuth oxo-selenite bromide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new bismuth oxo-selenite bromide Bi{sub 6}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}O{sub 5}Br{sub 2} was synthesized and structurally characterized. The crystal structure belongs to the triclinic system (space group P1-bar , Z=2, a=7.1253(7) A, b=10.972(1) A, c=12.117(1) A, {alpha}=67.765(7) Degree-Sign , {beta}=82.188(8) Degree-Sign , {gamma}=78.445(7) Degree-Sign ) and is unrelated to those of other known oxo-selenite halides. It can be considered as an open framework composed of BiO{sub x} or BiO{sub y}Br{sub z} polyhedrons forming channels running along [1 0 0] direction which contain the selenium atoms in pyramidal shape oxygen coordination (SeO{sub 3}E). The spectroscopic properties and thermal stability were studied. The new compound is stable up to 400 Degree-Sign C. - graphical abstract: New bismuth oxo-selenite bromide with new open framework structure. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New bismuth oxo-selenite bromide was found and structurally characterized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bi{sub 6}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}O{sub 5}Br{sub 2} exhibit a new open framework structure type. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer BiO{sub x} or BiO{sub y}Br{sub z} polyhedrons form channels in the structure which are decorated by [SeO{sub 3}E] groups.

Berdonosov, Peter S., E-mail: berdonosov@inorg.chem.msu.ru [Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); Olenev, Andrei V. [SineTheta Ltd., MSU Building 1-77, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)] [SineTheta Ltd., MSU Building 1-77, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); Kirsanova, Maria A. [Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)] [Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); Lebed, Julia B. [Institute for nuclear research RAS, 142190, Troitsk, Moscow region (Russian Federation)] [Institute for nuclear research RAS, 142190, Troitsk, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Dolgikh, Valery A. [Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)] [Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

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181

New oxyfluoride glass with high fluorine content and laser patterning of nonlinear optical BaAlBO{sub 3}F{sub 2} single crystal line  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new oxyfluoride glass of 50BaF{sub 2}-25Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-25B{sub 2}O{sub 3} (mol. %) with a large fraction of fluorine, i.e., F/(F + O) = 0.4, was prepared using a conventional melt-quenching method in order to synthesize new glass-ceramics containing nonlinear optical oxyfluoride crystals. The refractive index at 632.8 nm and ultra-violet cutoff wavelength of the glass were 1.564 and {approx}200 nm, respectively. Eu{sup 3+} ions in the glass showed a high quantum yield of 88% in the photoluminescence spectrum in the visible region. BaAlBO{sub 3}F{sub 2} crystals (size: 50-100 nm) showing second harmonic generations were formed through the crystallization of the glass. Lines consisting of BaAlBO{sub 3}F{sub 2} crystals were patterned successfully on the glass surface by laser irradiations (Yb:YVO{sub 4} laser with a wavelength of 1080 nm, laser power of 1.1 W, scanning speed of 8 {mu}m/s). High resolution transmission electron microscope observations combined with a focused ion beam technique indicate that BaAlBO{sub 3}F{sub 2} crystals are highly oriented just like a single crystal. The present study proposes that the new oxyfluoride glass and glass-ceramics prepared have a high potential for optical device applications.

Shionozaki, K.; Honma, T.; Komatsu, T. [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Syntheses, crystal structures and characterizations of BaZn(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2} and BaZn(TeO{sub 3})Cl{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two new barium zinc selenite and tellurite, namely, BaZn(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2} and BaZn(TeO{sub 3})Cl{sub 2}, have been synthesized by the solid state reaction. The structure of BaZn(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2} features double chains of [Zn(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2}]{sup 2-} anions composed of four- and eight-member rings which are alternatively along a-axis. The double chains of [Zn{sub 2}(TeO{sub 3}){sub 2}Cl{sub 3}]{sup 3-} anions in BaZn(TeO{sub 3})Cl{sub 2} are formed by Zn{sub 3}Te{sub 3} rings in which each tellurite group connects with three ZnO{sub 3}Cl tetrahedra. BaZn(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2} and BaZn(TeO{sub 3})Cl{sub 2} are wide bandgap semiconductors based on optical diffuse reflectance spectrum measurements. -- Graphical abstract: Two new barium zinc selenite and tellurite, namely, BaZn(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2} and BaZn(TeO{sub 3})Cl{sub 2}, have been synthesized by solid state reaction. The structure of BaZn(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2} features 1D double chains of [Zn(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2}]{sup 2-} anions composed of four- and eight-member rings which are alternatively along a-axis. The 1D double chains of [Zn{sub 2}(TeO{sub 3}){sub 2}Cl{sub 3}]{sup 3-} anions in BaZn(TeO{sub 3})Cl{sub 2} are formed by Zn{sub 3}Te{sub 3} rings in which each tellurite group connects with one ZnO{sub 3}Cl and two ZnO{sub 2}Cl{sub 2} tetrahedra. BaZn(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2} and BaZn(TeO{sub 3})Cl{sub 2} are wide bandgap semiconductors based on optical diffuse reflectance spectrum measurements.

Jiang Hailong [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Feng Meiling [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Mao Jianggao [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China)]. E-mail: mjg@ms.fjirsm.ac.cn

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

183

Nanocrystallization in spark plasma sintered Fe{sub 48}Cr{sub 15}Mo{sub 14}Y{sub 2}C{sub 15}B{sub 6} bulk amorphous alloy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spark plasma sintering (SPS) is evolving as an attractive process for the processing of multi-component Fe-based bulk amorphous alloys and their in-situ nanocomposites with controlled primary nanocrystallization. Extended Q-range small angle neutron scattering (EQ-SANS) analysis, complemented by x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy, was performed to characterize nanocrystallization behavior of SPS sintered Fe-based bulk amorphous alloys. The SANS experiments show significant scattering for the samples sintered in the supercooled region indicating local structural/compositional changes associated with the profuse nucleation of nanoclusters (?4 nm). For the samples spark plasma sintered near and above crystallization temperature (>653 °C), the SANS data show the formation of interference maximum indicating the formation and growth of (Fe,Cr){sub 23}C{sub 6} crystallites. The SANS data also indicate the evolution of bimodal crystallite distribution at higher sintering temperatures (above T{sub x1}). The growth of primary nanocrystallites results in impingement of concentration gradient fields (soft impingement effect), leading to non-random nucleation of crystallites near the primary crystallization.

Singh, Ashish; Harimkar, Sandip P. [School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)] [School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States); Katakam, Shravana; Dahotre, Narendra B. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76203 (United States)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76203 (United States); Ilavsky, Jan [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Chicago, Illinois 60439 (United States)] [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Chicago, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

184

Enhanced quantum yield of yellow photoluminescence of Dy{sup 3+} ions in nonlinear optical Ba{sub 2}TiSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} nanocrystals formed in glass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transparent crystallized glasses consisting of nonlinear optical Ba{sub 2}TiSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} nanocrystals (diameter: {approx}100 nm) are prepared through the crystallization of 40BaO-20TiO{sub 2}-40SiO{sub 2}-0.5Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} glass (in the molar ratio), and photoluminescence quantum yields of Dy{sup 3+} ions in the visible region are evaluated directly by using a photoluminescence spectrometer with an integrating sphere. The incorporation of Dy{sup 3+} ions into Ba{sub 2}TiSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} nanocrystals is confirmed from the X-ray diffraction analyses. The total quantum yields of the emissions at the bands of {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 15/2} (blue: 484 nm), {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 13/2} (yellow: 575 nm), and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 11/2} (red: 669 nm) in the crystallized glasses are {approx}15%, being about four times larger compared with the precursor glass. It is found that the intensity of yellow (575 nm) emissions and the branching ratio of the yellow (575 nm)/blue (484 nm) intensity ratio increase largely due to the crystallization. It is suggested from Judd-Ofelt analyses that the site symmetry of Dy{sup 3+} ions in the crystallized glasses is largely distorted, giving a large increase in the yellow emissions. It is proposed that Dy{sup 3+} ions substitute Ba{sup 2+} sites in Ba{sub 2}TiSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} nanocrystals. - Grapical abstract: This figure shows the photoluminescence spectra of Dy{sup 3+} ions in the range of 450-700 nm obtained in the quantum field measurements for the precursor BTS and crystallized (at 770 and 790 deg. C, for 30 min) glasses. The wavelength of the excitation light was 352 nm. By incorporating into Ba{sub 2}TiSi{sub 2}O{sub 8} nanocrystals, the emission intensity of the yellow band of Dy{sup 3+} ions is largely enhanced. This would give an impact in the science and technology of photoluminescence materials.

Maruyama, N.; Honma, T. [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan); Komatsu, T. [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)], E-mail: komatsu@mst.nagaokaut.ac.jp

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

185

Sub-micron filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Aluminum hydroxide fibers approximately 2 nanometers in diameter and with surface areas ranging from 200 to 650 m.sup.2/g have been found to be highly electropositive. When dispersed in water they are able to attach to and retain electronegative particles. When combined into a composite filter with other fibers or particles they can filter bacteria and nano size particulates such as viruses and colloidal particles at high flux through the filter. Such filters can be used for purification and sterilization of water, biological, medical and pharmaceutical fluids, and as a collector/concentrator for detection and assay of microbes and viruses. The alumina fibers are also capable of filtering sub-micron inorganic and metallic particles to produce ultra pure water. The fibers are suitable as a substrate for growth of cells. Macromolecules such as proteins may be separated from each other based on their electronegative charges.

Tepper, Frederick (Sanford, FL); Kaledin, Leonid (Port Orange, FL)

2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

186

Structure and optical properties of a noncentrosymmetric borate RbSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new noncentrosymmetric borate, RbSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} (abbreviated as RSBO), has been grown from Rb{sub 2}O--B{sub 2}O{sub 3}--RbF flux and its crystal structure was determined by single crystal x-ray diffraction. It crystallizes in space group Ama2 with cell parameters of a=11.128(10) A, b=12.155(15) A, c=6.952(7) A, Z=4. The basic structural units are isolated planar BO{sub 3} groups. Second harmonic generation (SHG) test of the title compound by the Kurtz-Perry method shows that RSBO can be phase matchable with an effective SHG coefficient about two-thirds as large as that of KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4} (KDP). Finally, based on the anionic group approximation, the optical properties of the title compound are compared with those of the structure-related apatite-like compounds with the formula 'A{sub 5}(TO{sub n}){sub 3}X'. - Graphical abstract: RbSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} and some other borate NLO compounds, namely Ca{sub 5}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3}F RCa{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3}O (R=Y or Gd) and Na{sub 3}La{sub 2}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} can be viewed as the derivatives of apatite. They have similar formula composed of five cations and three anion groups (we call them 5/3 structures). The detailed SHG coefficients and optical properties of the apatite-like NLO crystals were compared and summarized. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new noncentrosymmetric borate RbSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} was grown from flux. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The RbSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} can be viewed as a derivative of the apatite-like structure. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The structure and its relationship to the optical properties of RbSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} are compared with other NLO crystals with apatite-like structures. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The basic structural units are the planar BO{sub 3} groups in the structure. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Second harmonic generation (SHG) test shows that RbSr{sub 4}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} can be phase matchable with an effective SHG coefficient about two-thirds as large as that of KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4}.

Xia, M.J. [Beijing Center for Crystal Research and Development, Key Laboratory of Functional Crystals and Laser Technology, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Li, R.K., E-mail: rkli@mail.ipc.ac.cn [Beijing Center for Crystal Research and Development, Key Laboratory of Functional Crystals and Laser Technology, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

Structural investigation in the TiB{sub 2}-(Na{sub 2}O.B{sub 2}O{sub 3}.Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Composites in the TiB{sub 2}-Na{sub 2}O.B{sub 2}O{sub 3}.Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} systems, TiB{sub 2}-MBA (MB stands for sodium metaborate and A is Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}), were prepared by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS), in simultaneous mode. Selection of these compositions was ruled by the interesting properties of both TiB{sub 2} and double borates of alkali metal and aluminum. The structure of the obtained materials was evaluated by micro-Raman spectroscopy, from room temperature up to 600 {sup o}C, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Formation of the TiB{sub 2} and TiO{sub 2-x}B{sub x} phases along with TiO{sub 2} as rutile were identified as titanium speciation in the grain phase embedded in a sodium aluminum borate matrix. Integration of the Raman spectra of the grain phases revealed a TiB{sub 2} content of 16.99% and 23.32% for the two composite investigated 2TiB{sub 2}.2MBA and 3TiB{sub 2}.5MBA. A constrained-width model for the spectral deconvolution of the high-frequency Raman band was forwarded to calculate the proportion of tetrahedral boron atoms (7.424%) in the blank borate matrix Na{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 4}.Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} in solid phase. - Graphical abstract: Deconvolution of the reduced Raman spectrum of the grain phase in TiB{sub 2}-(Na{sub 2}O.B{sub 2}O{sub 3}.Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) composite along with its Raman micrographs collected at room temperature.

Buixaderas, Elena, E-mail: buixader@fzu.c [Institute of Physics, Academy of Science of the Czech Republic, Dielectrics Department, Na Slovance 2, 18221 Prague 8 (Czech Republic); Maria Anghel, Elena, E-mail: manghel@icf.r [Institute of Physical Chemistry 'Ilie Murgulescu'of Romanian Academy, Molten Salts Department, Spl. Independentei 202, 060021 Bucharest (Romania); Petrescu, Simona [Institute of Physical Chemistry 'Ilie Murgulescu'of Romanian Academy, Molten Salts Department, Spl. Independentei 202, 060021 Bucharest (Romania); Osiceanu, Petre, E-mail: posic@icf.r [Institute of Physical Chemistry 'Ilie Murgulescu' of Romanian Academy, Laboratory of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry, Spl. Independentei 202, 060021 Bucharest (Romania)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

188

Thermoelectric properties of p-type (Bi{sub 1{minus}x}Sb{sub x}){sub 2}Te{sub 3} fabricated by mechanical alloying process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermoelectric properties of polycrystalline (Bi{sub 1{minus}x}Sb{sub x}){sub 2}Te{sub 3} (0.75 {le} x {le} 0.85), fabricated by mechanical alloying and hot pressing methods, have been investigated. Formation of (Bi{sub 0.25}Sb{sub 0.75}){sub 2}Te{sub 3} alloy powder was completed by mechanical alloying for 5 hours at ball-to-material ratio of 5:1, and processing time for (Bi{sub 1{minus}sub x}Sb{sub x}){sub 2}Te{sub 3} formation increased with Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3} content x. When (Bi{sub 0.25}Sb{sub 0.75}){sub 2}Te{sub 3} was hot pressed at temperatures ranging from 300 C to 550 C for 30 minutes, figure-of-merit increased with hot pressing temperature and maximum value of 2.8 x 10{sup {minus}3}/K could be obtained by hot pressing at 550 C. When hot pressed at 550 C, (Bi{sub 0.2}Sb{sub 0.8}){sub 2}Te{sub 3} exhibited figure-of-merit of 2.92 x 10{sup {minus}3}/K, which could be improved to 2.97 x 10{sup {minus}3}/K with addition of 1 wt% Sb as acceptor dopant.

Jung, B.Y.; Choi, J.S.; Oh, T.S.; Hyun, D.B.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Initiatives review meeting. Proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A total of 32 papers were presented at the review meeting in sessions entitled: updates on regional characterization activities; CO{sub 2} sequestration with EOR; CO{sub 2} sequestration in saline formations I and II; and terrestrial carbon sequestration field projects. In addition are five introductory papers. These are all available on the website in slide/overview/viewgraph form.

NONE

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Method of preparing (CH.sub.3).sub.3 SiNSO and byproducts thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

(CH.sub.3).sub.3 SiNSO is produced by the reaction of ((CH.sub.3).sub.3 Si).sub.2 NH with SO.sub.2. Also produced in the reaction are ((CH.sub.3).sub.3 Si).sub.2 O and a new solid compound [NH.sub.4 ][(CH.sub.3).sub.3 SiOSO.sub.2 ]. Both (CH.sub.3).sub.3 SiNSO and [NH.sub.4 ][(CH.sub.3).sub.3 SiOSO.sub.2 ] have fluorescent properties. The reaction of the subject invention is used in a method of measuring the concentration of SO.sub.2 pollutants in gases. By the method, a sample of gas is bubbled through a solution of ((CH.sub.3).sub.3 Si).sub.2 NH, whereby any SO.sub.2 present in the gas will react to produce the two fluorescent products. The measured fluorescence of these products can then be used to calculate the concentration of SO.sub.2 in the original gas sample. The solid product [NH.sub.4 ][(CH.sub.3).sub.3 SiOSO.sub.2 ] may be used as a standard in solid state NMR spectroscopy.

Spicer, Leonard D. (Salt Lake City, UT); Bennett, Dennis W. (Clemson, SC); Davis, Jon F. (Salt Lake City, UT)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Combined SO sub 2 /NO sub x reduction technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Enactment of the Clean Air Act Amendments and passage of state legislation leading to more stringent nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) regulations have fueled research and development efforts on technologies for the combined control of sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) and NO{sub x}. The integrated removal of both SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x}, in a single system can offer significant advantages over the use of several separate processes, including such factors as reduced system complexity, better operability, and lower costs. This paper reviews the status of a number of integrated flue-gas-cleanup (FGC) systems that have reached a significant stage of development, focusing on post-combustion processes that have been tested or are ready for testing at the pilot scale or larger. A brief process description, a summary of the development status and performance achieved to date, pending commercialization issues, and process economics (when available) are given for each technology.

Livengood, C.D.; Huang, H.S. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Markussen, J.M. (USDOE Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, PA (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

A Regional Approach to Market Monitoring in the West  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RTO SMUD SCED SCUC SSG-WI WAPA WECC Arizona Public Serviceaggregated form. For example, WECC publishes a daily reportfor three sub-regions of WECC, but the report does not

Barmack, Matthew; Kahn, Edward; Tierney, Susan; Goldman, Charles

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Correlation between upconversion photoluminescence and dielectric response in Ba-substituted (Sr{sub 1?x}Ba{sub x}){sub 4}(La{sub 0.85}Ho{sub 0.025}Yb{sub 0.125}){sub 2}Ti{sub 4}Nb{sub 6}O{sub 30}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The filled tetragonal tungsten bronze (Sr{sub 1?x}Ba{sub x}){sub 4}(La{sub 0.85}Ho{sub 0.025}Yb{sub 0.125}){sub 2}Ti{sub 4}Nb{sub 6}O{sub 30} (SBLTNx: Ho-Yb) ceramics with different Ba substitution levels (x) are prepared. The upconversion photoluminescence (UC-PL) and dielectric permittivity are investigated. The substitution of Sr{sup 2+} ions at the A{sub 2}-sites by larger Ba{sup 2+} ions results in substantial variation of the UC-PL intensity as a function of substitution level x. Furthermore, the dielectric response to the substitution of Sr{sup 2+} by Ba{sup 2+} suggests a close correlation between the UC-PL intensity and dielectric permittivity. The origin for this correlation is discussed based on the random stress field (RSF) model.

Wei, T., E-mail: weitong.nju@gmail.com [College of Science, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300 (China); Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Wang, X. D. [College of Science, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300 (China); Zhao, C. Z. [School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300160 (China); Liu, M. F.; Liu, J. M., E-mail: liujm@nju.edu.cn [Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

194

Flux expulsion and reversible magnetization in the stripe phase superconductor La{sub 1.45}Nd{sub 0.40}Sr{sub 0.15}CuO{sub 4}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetization and free energy surfaces have been studied for superconducting La{sub 1.45}Nd{sub 0.40}Sr{sub 0.15}CuO{sub 4} in order to determine whether this stripe-phase material has a thermodynamic critical field curve, H{sub c}, similar to the classical superconductors. A large region of thermodynamic reversibility is found so that magnetization and free energy surfaces can be determined reliably over much of the H-T plane. In these stripe-phase materials there is evidence from neutron scattering that the holes collect in the domain walls of the antiphase domain structure, so the superconducting order parameter might be space dependent and the vortex lattice might be different from ordinary type-II superconductors. Although some uncertainty is introduced because a substantial background magnetization from the magnetic Nd ions must be subtracted, it can be stated that the H{sub c} vs T curve is found to be comparable to Nb. The material is a good bulk superconductor, but the shape of the magnetization curves (M{sub s} vs H) is quite different from the predictions of conventional type-II superconductor theories. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Ostenson, J.E.; Budko, S.; Breitwisch, M.; Finnemore, D.K. [Ames Laboratory, US DOE and Department of Physics, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)] [Ames Laboratory, US DOE and Department of Physics, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States); Ichikawa, N.; Uchida, S. [University of Tokyo, Yayoi 2-11-16, Tokyo 113 (Japan)] [University of Tokyo, Yayoi 2-11-16, Tokyo 113 (Japan)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Dielectric strength of gas mixtures comprising SF/sub 6/, CO, c-C/sub 4/-F/sub 8/ and SF/sub 6/, N/sub 2/, c-C/sub 4/F/sub 8/  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a previous paper breakdown strengths of c-C/sub 4/F/sub 8//SF/sub 6//CO gas mixtures in various proportions were reported for a 30mm rod-sphere gap under ac and impulse voltages. A mixture of 1% c-C/sub 4/F/sub 8/ + 59% SF/sub 6/ + 40% CO exhibited higher dielectric strength than pure SF/sub 6/ in the pressure range between 350 and 400 kPa. The present paper compares CO and N/sub 2/ as a buffer in gas mixtures and extends the studies to a nearly uniform field gap and a highly non-uniform field gap. Additional experiments confirmed that the use of CO as a buffer in gas mixtures is superior to N/sub 2/ and that some c-C/sub 4/-F/sub 8//SF/sub 6//CO gas mixtures have higher dielectric strength and are cheaper than pure SF/sub 6/.

Qiu, Y.; Kuffel, E.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Li{sub 2}B{sub 3}O{sub 4}F{sub 3}, a new lithium-rich fluorooxoborate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The new lithium fluorooxoborate, Li{sub 2}B{sub 3}O{sub 4}F{sub 3}, is obtained by a solid state reaction from LiBO{sub 2} and LiBF{sub 4} at 553 K and crystallizes in the acentric orthorhombic space group P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1} (no. 19) with the cell parameters a=4.8915(9), b=8.734(2), and c=12.301(2) A. Chains of fluorinated boroxine rings along the b axis consists of BO{sub 3} triangles and BO{sub 2}F{sub 2} as well as BO{sub 3}F tetrahedra. Mobile lithium ions are compensating the negative charge of the anionic chain, in which the fourfold coordinated boron atoms bear a negative formal charge. Annealing Li{sub 2}B{sub 3}O{sub 4}F{sub 3} at temperatures above 573 K leads to conversion into Li{sub 2}B{sub 6}O{sub 9}F{sub 2}. The title compound is an ionic conductor with the highest ion conductivity among the hitherto know lithium fluorooxoborates, with conductivities of 1.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -9} and 1.8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -8} S cm{sup -1} at 473 and 523 K, respectively. - Graphical abstract: Repetition unit of Li{sub 2}B{sub 3}O{sub 4}F{sub 3}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Li{sub 2}B{sub 3}O{sub 4}F{sub 3} is the third member within the family of lithium fluorooxoborates. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer It shows the highest lithium ion conductivity among them. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Chains of interconnected fluorinated boroxine rings run along the b axis. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Acentric space group meets the requirement for second harmonic generation.

Pilz, Thomas; Nuss, Hanne [Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstrasse 1, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Jansen, Martin, E-mail: M.Jansen@fkf.mpg.de [Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstrasse 1, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Josephson junctions in high-T/sub c/ superconductors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention includes a high T/sub c/ Josephson sperconducting junction as well as the method and apparatus which provides the junction by application of a closely controlled and monitored electrical discharge to a microbridge region connecting two portions of a superconducting film.

Falco, C.M.; Lee, T.W.

1981-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

198

DISSOCIATIVE RECOMBINATION OF VIBRATIONALLY COLD CH{sup +}{sub 3} AND INTERSTELLAR IMPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CH{sup +}{sub 3} is an important molecular ion in the astrochemistry of diffuse clouds, dense clouds, cometary comae, and planetary ionospheres. However, the rate of one of the major destruction mechanisms of CH{sup +}{sub 3}, dissociative recombination (DR), has long been uncertain, hindering the use of CH{sup +}{sub 3} as an astrochemical probe. Here, we present the first absolute measurement of the DR of vibrationally cold CH{sup +}{sub 3}, which has been made using the heavy storage ring CRYRING in Stockholm, Sweden. From our collision-energy-dependent cross sections, we infer a thermal rate constant of k(T) = 6.97({+-} 0.03) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -7}(T/300){sup -0.61({+-}0.01)} cm{sup 3} s{sup -1} over the region 10 K {<=} T {<=} 1000 K. At low collision energies, we have measured the branching fractions of the DR products to be CH{sub 3} (0.00{sup +0.01}{sub -0.00}), CH{sub 2} + H (0.35{sup +0.01}{sub -0.01}), CH + 2H (0.20{sup +0.02}{sub -0.02}), CH + H{sub 2} (0.10{sup +0.01}{sub -0.01}), and C + H{sub 2} + H (0.35{sup +0.01}{sub -0.02}), indicating that two or more C-H bonds are broken in 65% of all collisions. We also present vibrational calculations which indicate that the CH{sup +}{sub 3} ions in the storage ring were relaxed to the vibrational ground state by spontaneous emission during the storage time. Finally, we discuss the implications of these new measurements for the observation of CH{sup +}{sub 3} in regions of the diffuse interstellar medium where CH{sup +} is abundant.

Thomas, R. D.; Kashperka, I.; Vigren, E.; Geppert, W. D.; Hamberg, M.; Larsson, M.; Af Ugglas, M.; Zhaunerchyk, V. [Department of Physics, Stockholm University, Albanova University Centre, SE-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Indriolo, N. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Yagi, K.; Hirata, S. [Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); McCall, B. J., E-mail: rdt@fysik.su.se [Departments of Chemistry, Astronomy, and Physics, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

199

Structure of excitation and fluorescence spectra recorded at the {sup 1}0{sub u}{sup +}(5 {sup 1}P{sub 1})-X {sup 1}0{sub g}{sup +} transition of Cd{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Excitation and fluorescence ultraviolet spectra of Cd{sub 2} recorded at the {sup 1}0{sub u}{sup +}(5 {sup 1}P{sub 1})-X {sup 1}0{sub g}{sup +} transition are reported. The Cd{sub 2} molecules (seeded in Ar) produced in a continuous free-jet supersonic beam were excited in a vacuum chamber with a pulsed dye-laser beam. A well-resolved vibrational structure of the {sup 1}0{sub u}{sup +} <- X {sup 1}0{sub g}{sup +} excitation spectrum as well as the isotopic structure of the vibrational components were recorded. Analysis of the spectrum yielded vibrational constants for the {sup 1}0{sub u}{sup +} state: {omega}{sub e}{sup '}=100.50{+-}0.25 cm{sup -1}, {omega}{sub e}{sup '}x{sub e}{sup '}=0.325{+-}0.003 cm{sup -1}, D{sub 0}{sup '}=8638{+-}15 cm{sup -1}, D{sub e}{sup '}=8688{+-}15 cm{sup -1}, and {delta}R{sub e}=R{sub e}{sup ''}-R{sub e}{sup '}=1.04{+-}0.01 A derived for the {sup 226}Cd{sub 2} isotopomer. The {sup 1}0{sub u}{sup +} state potential-energy (PE) curve was obtained numerically using an inverse perturbation approach (IPA) procedure. Condon internal diffraction (CID) patterns in the {sup 1}0{sub u}{sup +}{yields}X {sup 1}0{sub g}{sup +} fluorescence band, emitted upon the selective excitation of the v{sup '}=38 and v{sup '}=39 vibrational components of the {sup 226}Cd{sub 2} isotopomer, were observed and improved the v{sup '} assignments derived from the analysis of the isotopic structure. Analysis of the fluorescence spectrum yielded information on the repulsive part of the ground-state interatomic potential. The result confirms a relatively soft repulsion between two Cd atoms in the short-range (2.53-4.05 A) region and makes allowance for a covalent admixture to the ground-state van der Waals bonding. Quasirelativistic valence ab initio calculations on the PE curves for the investigated states have been performed at the complete-active-space multiconfiguration self-consistent-field (CASSCF/CAS) multireference second-order perturbation theory (CASPT2) level with the total of 40 correlated electrons. In the calculations, the Cd atom is considered as a 20-valence electron system whereas the Cd{sup 20+} core is replaced by an energy-consistent pseudopotential which also accounts for scalar-relativistic effects and spin-orbit interaction within the valence shell. A comparison with results obtained from other experiments and ab initio calculations is presented.

Lukomski, M.; Koperski, J. [Instytut Fizyki, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, ul. Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow (Poland); Czuchaj, E. [Instytut Fizyki Teoretycznej i Astrofizyki, Uniwersytet Gdanski, ul. Wita Stwosza 57, 80-952 Gdansk (Poland); Czajkowski, M. [Department of Physics, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario N9B3P4 (Canada)

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

YBa sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 7 whiskers grown from the gas phase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} whiskers were grown by the {ital in} {ital situ} technique using radio frequency magnetron sputtering in Ar--O{sub 2} atmosphere at a substrate temperature of 720 {degree}C on (100) single crystal MgO substrate. High sputtering gas pressures were found to promote the formation of whiskers. Whiskers were found to start their growth from certain platelet crystals. The growth conditions for these whiskers are described and their structure is examined by analytical transmission electron microscope. These results seem to exclude the vapor--liquid--solid growth and propose direct condensation from the vapor.

Jaervinen, R.J.O.; Podkletnov, E.E.; Maentylae, T.A. (Tampere University of Technology, Insitute of Materials Science, P. O. Box 527, SF-33101 Tampere (Finland)); Laurilla, J.T.; Lepistoe, T.K. (Tampere University of Technology, Center for Electron Microscopy, P. O. Box 527, SF-33101 Tampere (Finland))

1991-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region nerc sub" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Exchange integrals in magnetoelectric hexagonal ferrite (SrCo{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}Fe{sub 8}O{sub 19}): A density functional study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The exchange integrals in magnetoelectric hexagonal ferrite SrCo{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}Fe{sub 8}O{sub 19} have been calculated by using density functional theory. To get 10 inter-sublattice and 3 intra-sublattice exchange integrals, the electronic structures and total energies of 20 spin arrangements have been calculated with General Gradient Approximation (GGA) + U method. The dependence of exchange integrals on U has been studied. The comparison between the exchange integrals in SrFe{sub 12}O{sub 19} and those in SrCo{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}Fe{sub 8}O{sub 19} shows that substitution of Co and Ti decreases the most interactions involving the 12?k sites. The investigation based on our exchange integrals indicates that magnetic interaction between R and S blocks reduces significantly in SrCo{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}Fe{sub 8}O{sub 19}.

Feng, Min [School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China); Shao, Bin [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Lu, Yuan; Zuo, Xu, E-mail: xzuonku@gmail.com [College of Electronic Information and Optical Engineering, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

202

Structural and magnetic properties and superconductivity in Ba(Fe{sub 1-x}TM{sub x}){sub 2}As{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We studied the effects on structural and magnetic phase transitions and the emergence of superconductivity in transition metal substituted BaFe{sub 2}As{sub 2}. We grew four series of Ba(Fe{sub 1-x}TM{sub x}){sub 2}As{sub 2} (TM=Ru, Mn, Co+Cr and Co+Mn) and characterized them by crystallographic, magnetic and transport measurements. We also subjected Ba(Fe{sub 1-x}Cr{sub x}){sub 2}As{sub 2} and Ba(Fe{sub 1-x}Co{sub x}){sub 2}As{sub 2} to heat treatment to explore what changes might be induced.

Thaler, Alexander

2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

203

Hydrothermal synthesis and luminescent properties of NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pompon-like NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors have been successfully prepared via a hydrothermal method using ammonia as pH value regulator. The hydrothermal process was carried out under aqueous condition without the use of any organic solvent, surfactant, and catalyst. The experimental results demonstrate that the obtained NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphor powders are single-phase scheelite structure with tetragonal symmetry. Moreover, the phosphor under the excitation of 390 and 456 nm exhibited blue emission (486 nm) and yellow emission (574 nm), corresponding to the {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 15/2} transition and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}{yields}{sup 6}H{sub 13/2} transition of Dy{sup 3+} ions, respectively. In addition, the yellow-to-blue emission intensity ratio (Y/B) can be changed with the doped concentration of Dy{sup 3+} ions. All chromaticity coordinates of the obtained NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors are located in the white-light region. The results indicate that this kind of phosphor may has potential applications in the fields of near UV-excited and blue-excited white LEDs. - Graphical abstract: It can be seen from the SEM images that a pompon-like shape was obtained with an average diameter of about 1 {mu}m, and it is composed of many nanoflakes. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pompon-like NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} phosphors have been successfully prepared via a hydrothermal method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Blue emission at 486 nm and yellow emission at 574 nm were obtained from the samples. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The yellow-to-blue emission intensity ratio (Y/B) can be changed with the doped concentration of Dy{sup 3+} ions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NaLa(MoO{sub 4}){sub 2}:Dy{sup 3+} can be efficiently excited by the blue light and the near ultraviolet light.

Li Linlin; Zi Wenwen; Li Guanghuan; Lan Shi; Ji Guijuan [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China); Gan Shucai, E-mail: gansc@jlu.edu.cn [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China); Zou Haifeng [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China); Xu Xuechun [College of Earth Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

204

Optically pumped cerium-doped LiSrAlF{sub 6} and LiCaAlF{sub 6}  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Ce{sup 3+}-doped LiSrAlF{sub 6} crystals are pumped by ultraviolet light which is polarized along the c axis of the crystals to effectively energize the laser system. In one embodiment, the polarized fourth harmonic light output from a conventional Nd:YAG laser operating at 266 nm is arranged to pump Ce:LiSrAlF{sub 6} with the pump light polarized along the c axis of the crystal. The Ce:LiSrAlF{sub 6} crystal may be placed in a laser cavity for generating tunable coherent ultraviolet radiation in the range of 280-320 nm. Additionally, Ce-doped crystals possessing the LiSrAlF{sub 6} type of chemical formula, e.g. Ce-doped LiCaAlF{sub 6} and LiSrGaF{sub 6}, can be used. Alternative pump sources include an ultraviolet-capable krypton or argon laser, or ultraviolet emitting flashlamps. The polarization of the pump light will impact operation. The laser system will operate efficiently when light in the 280-320 nm gain region is injected or recirculated in the system such that the beam is also polarized along the c axis of the crystal. The Ce:LiSrAlF{sub 6} laser system can be configured to generate ultrashort pulses, and it may be used to pump other devices, such as an optical parametric oscillator. 10 figs.

Marshall, C.D.; Payne, S.A.; Krupke, W.F.

1996-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

205

Optically pumped cerium-doped LiSrAlF.sub.6 and LiCaAlF.sub.6  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Ce.sup.3+ -doped LiSrAlF.sub.6 crystals are pumped by ultraviolet light which is polarized along the c axis of the crystals to effectively energize the laser system. In one embodiment, the polarized fourth harmonic light output from a conventional Nd:YAG laser operating at 266 nm is arranged to pump Ce:LiSrAlF.sub.6 with the pump light polarized along the c axis of the crystal. The Ce:LiSrAlF.sub.6 crystal may be placed in a laser cavity for generating tunable coherent ultraviolet radiation in the range of 280-320 nm. Additionally, Ce-doped crystals possessing the LiSrAlF.sub.6 type of chemical formula, e.g. Ce-doped LiCaAlF.sub.6 and LiSrGaF.sub.6, can be used. Alternative pump sources include an ultraviolet-capable krypton or argon laser, or ultraviolet emitting flashlamps. The polarization of the pump light will impact operation. The laser system will operate efficiently when light in the 280-320 nm gain region is injected or recirculated in the system such that the beam is also polarized along the c axis of the crystal. The Ce:LiSrAlF.sub.6 laser system can be configured to generate ultrashort pulses, and it may be used to pump other devices, such as an optical parametric oscillator.

Marshall, Christopher D. (Livermore, CA); Payne, Stephen A. (Castro Valley, CA); Krupke, William F. (Pleasanton, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Low NO sub x /SO sub x Burner retrofit for utility cyclone boilers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cyclone furnaces operate with high excess air and at high temperature. The heat release during combustion is very high and as a result the boiler volume is much smaller than would be found in a conventional pc-fired system. The Marion Unit 1 boiler, at the level of the cyclone entry, has a small cross-section; about 5-feet in depth and about 20-feet in width. A boiler schematic showing the LNS Burner and relative location of the superheater region and overfire air ports is shown in Figure 1. The LNS Burner's combustion process is fundamentally different from that of the cyclone, and the combustion products are also different. The LNS Burner products enter the boiler as hot, fuel-rich gases. Additional overfire air must be added to complete this combustion step with care taken to avoid the formation of thermal NO{sub x}. If done correctly, S0{sub 2} is controlled and significant NO{sub x} reductions are achieved. Because of the small boiler volume, flow modelling was found to be necessary to insure that adequate mixing of LNS Burner combustion products with air can be accomplished to achieve NO{sub x} emissions goals. Design requirements for the air injection system for the Marion boiler were developed using FLUENT, a commercially available computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code. A series of runs were made to obtain a design for final air injection that met the process design goals as closely as possible.

Not Available

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Method for making graded I-III-VI.sub.2 semiconductors and solar cell obtained thereby  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Improved cell photovoltaic conversion efficiencies are obtained by the simultaneous elemental reactive evaporation process of Mickelsen and Chen for making semiconductors by closer control of the evaporation rates and substrate temperature during formation of the near contact, bulk, and near junction regions of a graded I-III-VI.sub.2, thin film, semiconductor, such as CuInSe.sub.2 /(Zn,Cd)S or another I-III-VI.sub.2 /II-VI heterojunction.

Devaney, Walter E. (Seattle, WA)

1987-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

208

Synthesis and X-ray structural investigation of K{sub 8}[(UO{sub 2}){sub 2}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 2}(SeO{sub 4}){sub 4}] . 2H{sub 2}O  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single crystals of the compound K{sub 8}[(UO{sub 2}){sub 2}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 2}(SeO{sub 4})4] . 2H{sub 2}O (I) are synthesized, and their structure is investigated using X-ray diffraction. Compound I crystallizes in the monoclinic system with the unit cell parameters a = 14.9290(4) A, b = 7.2800(2) A, c = 15.3165(4) A, {beta} = 109.188(1){sup o}, V = 1572.17(7) A{sup 3}, space group P2{sub 1}/n, Z = 2, and R = 0.0297. The uranium-containing structural units of crystals I are dimers of the composition [(UO {sub 2}){sub 2}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 2}(SeO{sub 4}){sub 4}]{sup 8-}, which belong to the crystal-chemical group AB{sup 01}B{sup 2}M{sup 1} (A = UO{sub 2}{sup 2+}, B{sup 01} = C{sub 2}O{sub 4}{sup 2-}, B{sup 2} = SeO{sub 4}{sup 2-}, M{sup 1} = SeO{sub 4}{sup 2-}) of the uranyl complexes. The [(UO{sub 2}){sub 2}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 2}(SeO{sub 4}){sub 4}]{sup 8-} dimers are joined into a three-dimensional framework through electrostatic interactions with the outer-sphere potassium cations.

Serezhkina, L. B., E-mail: lserezh@ssu.samara.ru [Samara State University (Russian Federation); Peresypkina, E. V.; Virovets, A. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation); Verevkin, A. G.; Pushkin, D. V. [Samara State University (Russian Federation)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

Laser patterning and preferential orientation of two-dimensional planar {beta}-BaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} crystals on the glass surface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The laser-induced crystallization method is applied to pattern two-dimensional planar {beta}-BaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} crystals on the surface of Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}-BaO-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glass. By scanning Yb:YVO{sub 4} fiber lasers (wavelength: 1080 nm) continuously with a small step (0.5 {mu}m) between laser irradiated areas, homogeneous planar {beta}-BaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} crystals are patterned successfully, and a preferential growth orientation of {beta}-BaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} crystals is confirmed from linearly polarized micro-Raman scattering spectrum and second harmonic intensity measurements. It is found that the crystal growth direction is perpendicular to the laser scanning direction. This relation, i.e., the perpendicular relation, is different from the behavior in discrete crystal line patterning, where the crystal growth direction is consistent with the laser scanning direction. The present study proposes the possibility of the control of crystal growth direction in laser-induced crystallization in glasses. - Graphical abstract: This figure shows confocal scanning laser microscope and polarized optical microscope photographs for {beta}-BaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} crystals obtained by laser irradiations. The laser scanning was repeated with a step of 0.5 {mu}m between the lines using the condition of the power of P=0.8 W and a laser scanning speed of S=8 {mu}m/s. It is suggested that {beta}-BaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} crystals in the overlapped laser-irradiated region are highly oriented and the c-axis direction of {beta}-BaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} crystals is perpendicular to the laser scanning direction. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Laser-induced crystallization method is applied to pattern {beta}-BaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} crystals. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Two-dimensional planar crystals are patterned on the glass surface. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Preferential growth orientation of {beta}-BaB{sub 2}O{sub 4} crystals is confirmed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Crystal growth direction is perpendicular to the laser scanning direction.

Suzuki, F.; Ogawa, K.; Honma, T. [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan); Komatsu, T., E-mail: komatsu@mst.nagaokaut.ac.jp [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

Crystal structure and electric properties of the organic–inorganic hybrid: [(CH{sub 2}){sub 6}(NH{sub 3}){sub 2}]ZnCl{sub 4}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The new organic-inorganic hybrid [(CH{sub 2}){sub 6}(NH{sub 3}){sub 2}]ZnCl{sub 4}, M{sub r}=325.406 crystallized in a triclinic, P1¯, a=7.2816 (5) Å, b=10.0996 (7) Å, c=10.0972 (7) Å, ?=74.368 (4)°, ?=88.046 (4)°, ?=85.974 (3)°, V=713.24 (9) Å{sup 3} and Z=2, D{sub x}=1.486 Mg m{sup ?3}. Differential thermal scanning and x-ray powder diffraction, permittivity and ac conductivity indicated three phase transitions. Conduction takes place via correlated barrier hopping. - Graphical abstract: Display Omitted.

Mostafa, M.F., E-mail: Mohga40@Yahoo.com; El-khiyami, S.S.

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

211

B{sub s{yields}}f{sub 0}(980) form factors and B{sub s} decays into f{sub 0}(980)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We compute the B{sub s{yields}}f{sub 0}(980) transition form factors using light-cone QCD sum rules at leading order in the strong coupling constant, and also including an estimate of next-to-leading order corrections. We use the results to predict the branching fractions of the rare decay modes B{sub s{yields}}f{sub 0}l{sup +}l{sup -} and B{sub s{yields}}f{sub 0{nu}{nu}}, which turn out to be O(10{sup -7}) (B{sub s{yields}}f{sub 0}(980)l{sup +}l{sup -}, with l=e, {mu}), O(10{sup -8}) (B{sub s{yields}}f{sub 0}(980){tau}{sup +{tau}-}) and O(10{sup -6}) (B{sub s{yields}}f{sub 0}(980){nu}{nu}). We also predict the branching ratio of B{sub s{yields}}J/{psi}f{sub 0}(980) decay under the factorization assumption, and discuss the role of this channel for the determination of the B{sub s} mixing phase compared to the golden mode B{sub s{yields}}J/{psi}{phi}. As a last application, we consider D{sub s{yields}}f{sub 0} form factors, providing a determination of the branching ratio of D{sub s{yields}}f{sub 0}e{sup +{nu}}{sub e}.

Colangelo, Pietro; De Fazio, Fulvia; Wang Wei [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bari, Via Orabona 4, I-70126 Bari (Italy)

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Phase diagram and magnetocaloric effects in Ni{sub 50}Mn{sub 35}(In{sub 1?x}Cr{sub x}){sub 15} and (Mn{sub 1?x}Cr{sub x})NiGe{sub 1.05} alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The magnetocaloric and thermomagnetic properties of Ni{sub 50}Mn{sub 35}(In{sub 1?x}Cr{sub x}){sub 15} and (Mn{sub 1?x}Cr{sub x}) NiGe{sub 1.05} systems for 0???x???0.105 and 0???x???0.1, respectively, have been studied by x-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, and magnetization measurements. Partial substitution of Cr for Mn in (Mn{sub 1?x}Cr{sub x})NiGe{sub 1.05} results in a first order magnetostructural transition from a hexagonal paramagnetic to an orthorhombic paramagnetic phase near T{sub M}???380?K (for x?=?0.07). Partial substitution of Cr for In in Ni{sub 50}Mn{sub 35}(In{sub 1?x}Cr{sub x}){sub 15} shifts the magnetostructural transition to a higher temperature (T?=?T{sub M}???450?K) for x?=?0.1. Large magnetic entropy changes of ?S?=??12 (J/(kgK)) and ?S?=??11 (J/(kgK)), both for a magnetic field change of 5?T, were observed in the vicinity of T{sub M} for (Mn{sub 1?x}Cr{sub x})NiGe{sub 1.05} and Ni{sub 50}Mn{sub 35}(In{sub 1?x}Cr{sub x}){sub 15}, respectively.

Quetz, Abdiel, E-mail: anorve2002@yahoo.com; Muchharla, Baleeswaraiah; Dubenko, Igor; Talapatra, Saikat; Ali, Naushad [Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901 (United States); Samanta, Tapas; Stadler, Shane [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

213

UF{sub 6} pressure excursions during cylinder heating  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As liquid UF{sub 6} inside a cylinder changes from a liquid to a solid, it forms a porous solid which occupies approximately the same volume as that of the liquid before cooling. Simultaneously as the liquid cools, UF{sub 6} vapor in the cylinder ullage above the liquid desublimes on the upper region of the inner cylinder wall. This solid is a dense, glass-like material which can accumulate to a significant thickness. The thickness of the solid coating on the upper cylinder wall and directly behind the cylinder valve area will vary depending on the conditions during the cooling stage. The amount of time lapsed between UF{sub 6} solidification and UF{sub 6} liquefaction can also affect the UF{sub 6} coating. This is due to the daily ambient heat cycle causing the coating to sublime from the cylinder wall to cooler areas, thus decreasing the thickness. Structural weakening of the dense UF{sub 6} layer also occurs due to cylinder transport vibration and thermal expansion. During cylinder heating, the UF{sub 6} nearest the cylinder wall will liquefy first. As the solid coating behind the cylinder valve begins to liquefy, it results in increased pressure depending upon the available volume for expansion. At the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) during the liquefaction of the UF{sub 6} in cylinders in the UF{sub 6} feed and sampling autoclaves, this pressure increase has resulted in the activation of the systems rupture discs which are rated at 100 pounds per square inch differential.

Brown, P.G. [Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Paducah, KY (United States)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

214

Phase composition of films in a Bi-S system and formation of Bi{sub 2}S{sub 3} films with different substructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron diffraction was used to study the formation of phases in a Bi-S system. It is shown that the phase with composition Bi{sub 2}S{sub 3} appears as result of consecutive deposition of Bi and S irrespective of the order of deposition; this phase also appears in the case of simultaneous deposition of components. The films formed at room temperature are amorphous. Amorphous thin Bi{sub 2}S{sub 3} films are stable at room temperature and crystallize at temperatures in the region of {approx}423 K. The conditions for formation of Bi{sub 2}S{sub 3} films with different substructures are established.

Akhmedov, G. M., E-mail: exmedovqurban@rambler.ru [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

Combustion synthesized nanocrystalline Li{sub 3}V{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}/C cathode for lithium-ion batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Nanocrystalline Li{sub 3}V{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}/C compound has been synthesized using a novel corn assisted combustion (CAC) method, wherein the composite prepared at 850 °C is found to exhibit superior physical and electrochemical properties than the one synthesized at 800 °C (Fig. 1). Despite the charge disproportionation of V{sup 4+} and a possible solid solution behavior of Li{sub 3}V{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} cathode upon insertion and de-insertion of Li{sup +} ions, the structural stability of the same is appreciable, even with the extraction of third lithium at 4.6 V (Fig. 2). An appreciable specific capacity of 174 mAh g{sup ?1} with an excellent columbic efficiency (99%) and better capacity retention upon high rate applications have been exhibited by Li{sub 3}V{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}/C cathode, thus demonstrating the feasibility of CAC method in preparing the title compound to best suit with the needs of lithium battery applications. Display Omitted Highlights: ? Novel corn assisted combustion method has been used to synthesize Li{sub 3}V{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}/C. ? Corn is a cheap and eco benign combustible fuel to facilitate CAC synthesis. ? Li{sub 3}V{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}/C exhibits an appreciable specific capacity of 174 mAh g{sup ?1} (C/10 rate). ? Currently observed columbic efficiency of 99% is better than the reported behavior. ? Suitability of Li{sub 3}V{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}/C cathode up to 10C rate is demonstrated. -- Abstract: Nanocrystalline Li{sub 3}V{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}/C composite synthesized using a novel corn assisted combustion method at 850 °C exhibits superior physical and electrochemical properties than the one synthesized at 800 °C. Despite the charge disproportionation of V{sup 4+} and a possible solid solution behavior of Li{sub 3}V{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3} cathode upon insertion and extraction of Li{sup +} ions, the structural stability of the same is appreciable, even with the extraction of third lithium at 4.6 V. An appreciable specific capacity of 174 mAh g{sup ?1} and better capacity retention upon high rate applications have been exhibited by Li{sub 3}V{sub 2}(PO{sub 4}){sub 3}/C cathode, thus demonstrating the suitability of the same for lithium-ion battery applications.

Nathiya, K.; Bhuvaneswari, D.; Gangulibabu [Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi 630006 (India)] [Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi 630006 (India); Kalaiselvi, N., E-mail: kalaiselvicecri@gmail.com [Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi 630006 (India)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

Fluorination mechanisms of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} surfaces irradiated by high-density CF{sub 4}/O{sub 2} and SF{sub 6}/O{sub 2} plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fluorination of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} surfaces was investigated by irradiating high-density, helicon-wave CF{sub 4}/O{sub 2} and SF{sub 6}/O{sub 2} plasmas. The Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} surface bombarded by high-flux positive ions of the CF{sub 4}/O{sub 2} plasma was fluorinated significantly. On contrast, Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} was less fluorinated than Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} when they were irradiated by the same CF{sub 4}/O{sub 2} plasma. The analysis of the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} surface irradiated by the CF{sub 4}/O{sub 2} plasma suggests that the fluorination is triggered by reactions between fluorocarbon deposit and Al-O bonding with the assistance of ion bombardment. On the other hand, irradiation of the SF{sub 6}/O{sub 2} plasma induced less significant fluorination on the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} surface. This suggests a lower reaction probability between sulfur fluoride deposit and Al-O bonding. The difference in the fluorination of the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} surfaces induced by the irradiations of the CF{sub 4}/O{sub 2} and SF{sub 6}/O{sub 2} plasmas is understood by comparing the bonding energies of C-O, S-O, Al-O, and Y-O.

Miwa, Kazuhiro; Takada, Noriharu; Sasaki, Koichi [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya, 464-8603 (Japan); Plasma Nanotechnology Research Center, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8603 (Japan)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

A novel organic–inorganic hybrid with Anderson type polyanions as building blocks: (C{sub 6}H{sub 10}N{sub 3}O{sub 2}){sub 2}Na(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}[Al(OH){sub 6}Mo{sub 6}O{sub 18}]·6H{sub 2}O  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ? Synthesis of a novel inorganic–organic hybrid compound based on Anderson polyoxomolybdates. ? Characterization by X-ray diffraction, IR and UV–Vis spectroscopies of the new compound. ? Potential applications in catalysis, biochemical analysis and electrical conductivity of the organic–inorganic compound. -- Abstract: A new organic–inorganic hybrid compound based on Anderson polyoxomolybdates, (C{sub 6}H{sub 10}N{sub 3}O{sub 2}){sub 2}Na(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}[Al(OH){sub 6}Mo{sub 6}O{sub 18}]·6H{sub 2}O (1) have been isolated by the conventional solution method and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, infrared, ultraviolet spectroscopy and Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA). This compound crystallized in the triclinic system, space group P?1, with a = 94.635(1) ?, b = 10.958(1) ?, c = 11.602(1) ?, ? = 67.525(1)°, ? = 71.049(1)°, ? = 70.124(1)° and Z = 1. The crystal structures of the compounds exhibit three-dimensional supramolecular assembly based on the extensive hydrogen bonding interactions between organic cations, sodium cations, water molecules and Anderson polyoxoanions. The infrared spectrum fully confirms the X-ray crystal structure and the UV spectrum of the title compound exhibits an absorption peak at 210 nm.

Thabet, Safa, E-mail: safathabet@hotmail.fr [Laboratoire de matériaux et cristallochimie, Département de chimie, Institut Supérieur des Sciences Appliquées et Technologier, Avenue El Mourouj, 5111 Mahdia (Tunisia)] [Laboratoire de matériaux et cristallochimie, Département de chimie, Institut Supérieur des Sciences Appliquées et Technologier, Avenue El Mourouj, 5111 Mahdia (Tunisia); Ayed, Brahim, E-mail: brahimayed@yahoo.fr [Laboratoire de matériaux et cristallochimie, Département de chimie, Institut Supérieur des Sciences Appliquées et Technologier, Avenue El Mourouj, 5111 Mahdia (Tunisia)] [Laboratoire de matériaux et cristallochimie, Département de chimie, Institut Supérieur des Sciences Appliquées et Technologier, Avenue El Mourouj, 5111 Mahdia (Tunisia); Haddad, Amor [Laboratoire de matériaux et cristallochimie, Département de chimie, Institut Supérieur des Sciences Appliquées et Technologier, Avenue El Mourouj, 5111 Mahdia (Tunisia)] [Laboratoire de matériaux et cristallochimie, Département de chimie, Institut Supérieur des Sciences Appliquées et Technologier, Avenue El Mourouj, 5111 Mahdia (Tunisia)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

Dy-V magnetic interaction and local structure bias on the complex spin and orbital ordering in Dy<sub>1?xsub>TbxVO>3sub> (x=0 and 0.2)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spin and orbital ordering in Dy<sub>1?xsub>TbxVO>3sub> (x=0 and 0.2) was studied by measuring x-ray powder diffraction, magnetization, specific heat, and neutron single-crystal diffraction. The results show that G-OO/C-AF and C-OO/G-AF phases coexist in Dy<sub>0.8sub>Tb>0.20sub>VO>3sub> in the temperature range 2–60 K, and the volume fraction of each phase is temperature and field dependent. The ordering of Dy moments at T*?=?12 K induces a transition from G-OO/C-AF to a C-OO/G-AF phase. Magnetic fields suppress the long-range order of Dy moments and thus the C-OO/G-AF phase below T*. The polarized moments induced at the Dy sublattice by external magnetic fields couple to the V 3d moments, and this coupling favors the G-OO/C-AF state. Also discussed is the effect of the Dy-V magnetic interaction and local structure distortion on the spin and orbital ordering in Dy<sub>1?xsub>TbxVO>3sub>.

Yan, J.-Q.; Cao, H. B.; McGuire, M. A.; Ren, Y.; Sales, B. C.; Mandrus, D. G.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Magnetic Excitation Spectrum of the Square Lattice S=1/2 Heisenberg Antiferromagnet K<sub>2sub>V>3sub>O>8sub>  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have explored the magnetic excitation spectrum of the S=1/2 square lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet, K{sub 2}V{sub 3}O{sub 8}, using both triple-axis and time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering. The long-wavelength spin waves are consistent with the previously determined Hamiltonian for this material. A small energy gap of 72{+-}9 {micro}eV is observed at the antiferromagnetic zone center and the near-neighbor exchange constant is determined to be 1.08{+-}0.03 meV. A finite ferromagnetic interplanar coupling is observed along the crystallographic c axis with a magnitude of J{sub c}=-0.0036{+-}0.0006 meV. However, upon approaching the zone boundary, the observed excitation spectrum deviates significantly from the expectation of linear spin wave theory resulting in split modes at the ({pi}/2,{pi}/2) zone boundary point. The effects of magnon-phonon interaction, orbital degrees of freedom, multimagnon scattering, and dilution/site randomness are considered in the context of the mode splitting. Unfortunately, no fully satisfactory explanation of this phenomenon is found and further theoretical and experimental work is needed.

Lumsden, Mark D [ORNL; Nagler, Stephen E [ORNL; Sales, Brian C [ORNL; Tennant, D. A. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory; McMorrow, D. F. [Riso National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark; Lee, S.-H. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Park, S. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

The crystal structure and magnetic properties of Ba{sub 2?x}Sr{sub x}Co{sub 2}Fe{sub 12}O{sub 22}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have synthesized the Ba{sub 2?x}Sr{sub x}Co{sub 2}Fe{sub 12}O{sub 22} samples (x?=?0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5) by the solid-state reaction method and investigated their crystalline and magnetic properties by X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Mössbauer spectrometer, vibrating sample magnetometer, and network analyzer. XRD patterns show that all samples are rhombohedral with space group R-3m. The lattice constants a{sub 0} and c{sub 0} decrease with Sr substitution due to smaller ion radius of Sr{sup 2+} (1.27?Å) than that of Ba{sup 2+} (1.43?Å). The Mössbauer spectroscopy measurements show that the relative area ratios of Fe ion were maintained constant regardless of the Sr concentration. However, average magnetic hyperfine field slightly increased with the Sr concentration. This observation agrees with the fact that the saturation magnetization (M{sub s}) linearly increases due to the increasing super-exchange interaction, originated from the difference in the ionic radius between Ba{sup 2+} and Sr{sup 2+}. To investigate its properties at high frequency range, all samples were sintered at 1100?°C, and complex permeability and permittivity were measured by network analyzer between 100?MHz and 4?GHz. For x below 0.3, the initial permeability at 100?MHz increases, at higher values of x, its value decreases. Our study shows that magnetic properties of Sr{sup 2+} substitution for Ba{sup 2+} in Y-type hexaferrite as well as low magnetic loss less than 0.1 in 1?GHz band, indicating the potential application of Ba{sub 2?x}Sr{sub x}Co{sub 2}Fe{sub 12}O{sub 22} samples for RF and antenna devices in ultra high frequency band.

Cho, Kwang Lae; Rhee, Chan Hyuk; Kim, Chul Sung, E-mail: cskim@kookmin.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Kookmin University, Seoul 136-702 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region nerc sub" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Millimeter size single crystals of superconducting YBa[sub 2]Cu[sub 3]O[sub x  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of growing large, up to 1 mm size single crystals of superconducting YBa[sub 2]Cu[sub 3]O[sub x], wherein x equals from 6.5 to 7.2 is disclosed.

Damento, M.A.; Gschneidner, K.A. Jr.

1989-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

222

Production of S/sub 2/F/sub 10/ by SF/sub 6/ spark discharges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The highly toxic compound S/sub 2/F/sub 10/ is formed in SF/sub 6/ following spark discharges. When the spark cell is dried, the S/sub 2/F/sub 10/ yield was 6.8 /times/ 10/sup /minus/11/ mol/J at an SF/sub 6/ pressure P = 133 kPa. Moisture appears to suppress the S/sub 2/F/sub 10/ yield, although once formed, the S/sub 2/F/sub 10/ is quite stable with respect to moisture. This could explain the variation in observation from experiment to experiment in the literature. These results also raise important questions as to the influence of drying agents that are used in high-voltage systems on the S/sub 2/F/sub 10/ yield. 13 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Sauers, I.; Votaw, P.C.; Griffin, G.D.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Interaction of Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}O{sub 2?y} nanoparticles with SiO{sub 2}-effect of temperature and atmosphere  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Morphology, microstructure and phase evolution of homogeneous, nanocrystalline Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}O{sub 2?x/2} mixed oxide (x=0.3 and 0.5), prepared by microemulsion method, supported on amorphous SiO{sub 2} was studied in oxidizing and reducing atmosphere by XRD, TEM, SEM-EDS and N{sub 2} adsorption. The system is structurally and chemically stable in the oxidizing atmosphere up to 1000 °C, exhibiting only a small increase of the mean crystallite size of the oxide to ?4 nm. At 1100 °C formation of Er silicate with unusual structure isomorphic with y-Y{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} (yttrialite), stabilized by Ce{sup 4+} ions was observed. In the reducing atmosphere the Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}O{sub 2?x/2} reacted with SiO{sub 2} already at 900 °C, due to high affinity of the reduced Ce{sup 3+} to form a silicate phase. At higher temperature the silicate crystallized into the tetragonal, low temperature A-(Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}){sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} polymorph. Such systems, containing nanocrystalline silicate particles with Er{sup 3+} ions placed in well defined sites embedded in silica matrix, may be interesting as highly efficient active components of optical waveguides amplifiers integrated with Si microelectronics. The nanocrystalline Ce–Er–O/SiO{sub 2} system prepared by the impregnation of the silica with the aqueous solution of nitrates appeared to be chemically inhomogeneous and less stable in both oxidising and reducing atmosphere. - Graphical abstract: Structure evolution of Ce{sub 0.5}Er{sub 0.5}O{sub 1.75} in air and in H{sub 2}. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Homogeneous 3 nm Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}O{sub 2?y} particles were prepared and uniformly dispersed on SiO{sub 2}. • Er diffusion to SiO{sub 2} determines the stability of the mixed oxide in air to ?1000 °C. • Spreading of Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}O{sub 2?y} onto SiO{sub 2} occurs in hydrogen at 900 °C. • Nanocrystalline A-(Ce,Er){sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} silicate forms in H{sub 2} at 1100 °C.

Kepinski, L., E-mail: L.Kepinski@int.pan.wroc.pl; Krajczyk, L.; Mista, W.

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

224

Transport and magnetism in La{sub 2/3}Ca{sub 1/3}(Mn{sub 1{minus}x}Co{sub x})O{sub 3} and La{sub 2/3}Ca{sub 1/3}(Mn{sub 1{minus}x}Ni{sub x})O{sub 3} (abstract)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

La{sub 2/3}Ca{sub 1/3}MnO{sub 3} is a strong double-exchange ferromagnet where the ratio of La{sup 3+}{endash}Ca{sup 2+} ions has been chosen to maximize its favorable magnetic and transport properties. The Mn ion is unique as an effective participant in the double-exchange process. It is of interest to add Ni or Co atoms substitutionally for Mn in the form of La{sub 2/3}Ca{sub 1/3}(Mn{sub 1{minus}x}Co{sub x})O{sub 3} and La{sub 2/3}Ca{sub 1/3}(Mn{sub 1{minus}x}Ni{sub x})O{sub 3} in order to determine the relative importance of the double-exchange interaction as the Mn concentration is reduced. Powder x-ray diffraction reveals we can retain the original orthorhombic structure of La{sub 2/3}Ca{sub 1/3}MnO{sub 3} (with up to 50{percent} Co or Ni substitution) by a series of anneals at 1300{degree}C followed by repeated grindings. We have investigated the magnetization, electrical conductivity, and thermopower of these mixed transition-metal perovskites. For La{sub 2/3}Ca{sub 1/3}(Mn{sub 1{minus}x}Co{sub x})O{sub 3}, the magnetization decreases with added Co, but ferromagnetism is retained (at least up to 50{percent} Co). Although metallic conductivity is still present at 10{percent} Co concentration, these Co{endash}Mn perovskites become insulating for x{ge}0.2. For La{sub 2/3}Ca{sub 1/3}(Mn{sub 1{minus}x}Ni{sub x})O{sub 3}, the metallic state is retained at least until x=0.5. The magnetic properties exhibit spin-glasslike behavior for x{ge}0.25. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Rubinstein, M.; Tritt, T.M.; Synder, J.E. [U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375 (United States)] [U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375 (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Nanostructured Ge{sub 2}Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 5} chalcogenide films produced by laser electrodispersion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Amorphous nanostructured films of a complex chalcogenide (Ge{sub 2}Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 5}) are produced by laser electrodispersion and their structural and electrical properties are studied. It is found that the characteristic size of Ge{sub 2}Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 5} nanoparticles in the structure of the films is 1.5–5 nm.

Yavsin, D. A., E-mail: yavsin@mail.ioffe.ru; Kozhevin, V. M.; Gurevich, S. A.; Yakovlev, S. A.; Melekh, B. T.; Yagovkina, M. A.; Pevtsov, A. B. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation)

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

The influence of the magnetic field on the effect of drag of electrons by phonons in n-Cd{sub x}Hg{sub 1-x}Te  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermopower in n-Cd{sub 0.2}Hg{sub 0.8}Te (6-100 K) is studied. A large effect of drag of the charge carriers by phonons {alpha}{sub ph} is found. The influence of the magnetic field H on the drag thermopower is considered. It is established that the magnetic field exerts the effect mainly on the electron component of {alpha}{sub ph}. The data are interpreted in the context of the theory taking into account the effect of H on thermopower {alpha}{sub ph}, in which parameter A({epsilon}) proportional to the static force of the drag effect is introduced. By the experimental data {alpha}{sub ph}(T, H), T, and H dependences A({epsilon}) are determined. It is shown that, as H increases, A({epsilon}) sharply decreases. This explains a decrease in {alpha}{sub ph} in the magnetic field, power index k in dependence {alpha}{sub ph} {proportional_to} T{sup -}{kappa}, and narrowing the region of manifestation of the drag effect. It is established that at classically high fields, the drag effect in n-Cd{sub 0.2}Hg{sub 0.8}Te does not vanish.

Aliyev, S. A.; Zulfigarov, E. I.; Selim-Zade, R. I.; Agayev, Z. F., E-mail: agayevz@rambler.ru [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

227

Method for preparation of textured YBa.sub.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.x superconductor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relate to textured YBa.sub.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.x (Y-123) superconductors and a process of preparing them by directional recrystallization of compacts fabricated from quenched YBCO powders at temperatures about 100.degree. C. below the peritectic temperature to provide a superconductor where more than 75% of the YBa.sub.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.x phase is obtained without any Y.sub.2 BaCuO.sub.5 .

Selvamanickam, Venkat (Guilderland, NY); Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN); Kroeger, Donald M. (Knoxville, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Magnetovolume effect in Ho{sub 2}Fe{sub 17-x}Mn{sub x} compounds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structural and magnetic properties of seven compounds in the Ho{sub 2}Fe{sub 17-x}Mn{sub x} series (x = 0-5) have been investigated. The spontaneous magnetization M{sub s} at 10 K exhibits a minimum at x{approx_equal} 3.8 while the 3d-sublattice magnetization M{sub T} is found to decrease at {approx} -3.4 {mu}{sub B}/per Mn atom compared with the rate of {approx}-2.0 {mu}{sub B}/per Mn atom expected from a simple dilution model. All of the Ho{sub 2}Fe{sub 17-x}Mn{sub x} compounds exhibit anisotropic thermal expansion below their Curie temperatures leading to the presence of strong magnetovolume effects and Invar-type behavior below T{sub C}. An approximately zero volume thermal expansion has been detected between 10 K and 270 K for Ho{sub 2}Fe{sub 17}. The maximum magnetic entropy changes for Ho{sub 2}Fe{sub 17-x}Mn{sub x} with x = 0 and 2.0 are 3.2 J kg{sup -1} K{sup -1} around T{sub C} {approx} 336 K and 2.7 J kg{sup -1} K{sup -1} around T{sub C} {approx} 302 K, respectively, for magnetic field change of B = 0-5 T.

Wang, J. L. [Institute for Superconductivity and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong (Australia); Bragg Institute, ANSTO, Menai, NSW 2234 (Australia); School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Canberra, ACT 2600 (Australia); Studer, A. J.; Kennedy, S. J. [Bragg Institute, ANSTO, Menai, NSW 2234 (Australia); Zeng, R.; Dou, S. X. [Institute for Superconductivity and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong (Australia); Campbell, S. J. [School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Canberra, ACT 2600 (Australia)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Quadruple-layered perovskite (CuCl)Ca{sub 2}NaNb{sub 4}O{sub 13}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We will present the synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of a new quadruple-layered perovskite (CuCl)Ca{sub 2}NaNb{sub 4}O{sub 13}. Through a topotactic ion-exchange reaction with CuCl{sub 2}, the precursor RbCa{sub 2}NaNb{sub 4}O{sub 13} presumably having an incoherent octahederal tliting changes into (CuCl)Ca{sub 2}NaNb{sub 4}O{sub 13} with a 2a{sub p} Multiplication-Sign 2a{sub p} Multiplication-Sign 2c{sub p} superstructure (tetragonal; a=7.73232(5) A, c=39.2156(4) A). The well-defined superstructure for the ion-exchanged product should be stabilized by the inserted CuCl{sub 4}O{sub 2} octahedral layers that firmly connect with neighboring perovskite layers. Magnetic studies show the absence of long-range magnetic ordering down to 2 K despite strong in-plane interactions. Aleksandrov Prime s group theory and Rietveld refinement of synchrotron X-ray diffraction data suggest the structure to be of I4/mmm space group with in-phase tilting along the a and b axes, a two-tilt system (++0). - Graphical Abstract: We present a quadruple-layered copper oxyhalide (CuCl)Ca{sub 2}NaNb{sub 4}O{sub 13} synthesized through a topotactic ion-exchange reaction of RbCa{sub 2}NaNb{sub 4}O{sub 13} with CuCl{sub 2}. The compound has a well-defined superstructure. Magnetic studies suggest the absence of magnetic order even at 2 K. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer (CuCl)Ca{sub 2}NaNb{sub 4}O{sub 13} was prepared by ion-exchange reaction of RbCa{sub 2}NaNb{sub 4}O{sub 13} with CuCl{sub 2}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Compound has a 2a{sub p} Multiplication-Sign 2a{sub p} Multiplication-Sign 2c{sub p} superstructure (tetragonal; a=7.73 A, c=39.21 A). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Such a well-defined superstructure was not observed in the precursor compound. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Aleksandrov Prime s theory and Rietveld study suggest a (++0) octahedral tilting (I4/mmm). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Magnetic studies revealed the absence of magnetic order down to 2 K.

Kitada, A.; Tsujimoto, Y.; Yamamoto, T. [Department of Energy and Hydrocarbon Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University, Nishikyo, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Kobayashi, Y. [Department of Energy and Hydrocarbon Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University, Nishikyo, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); Narumi, Y. [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Kindo, K. [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); Aczel, A.A.; Luke, G.M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 4M1 (Canada); Uemura, Y.J. [Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Kiuchi, Y.; Ueda, Y. [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); Yoshimura, K. [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Ajiro, Y. [Department of Energy and Hydrocarbon Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University, Nishikyo, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); Kageyama, H., E-mail: kage@scl.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Department of Energy and Hydrocarbon Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kyoto University, Nishikyo, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi 332-0012 (Japan)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

230

Effect of hydrogen ratio on plasma parameters of N{sub 2}-H{sub 2} gas mixture glow discharge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A dc plane glow discharge in a nitrogen-hydrogen (N{sub 2}-H{sub 2}) gas mixture has been operated at discharge currents of 10 and 20 mA. The electron energy distribution function (EEDF) at different hydrogen concentrations is measured. A Maxwellian EEDF is found in the positive column region, while in both cathode fall and negative glow regions, a non-Maxwellian one is observed. Langmuir electric probes are used at different axial positions, gas pressures, and hydrogen concentrations to measure the electron temperature and plasma density. The electron temperature is found to increase with increasing H{sub 2} concentration and decrease with increasing both the axial distance from the cathode and the mixture pressure. At first, with increasing distance from the cathode, the ion density decreases, while the electron density increases; then, as the anode is further approached, they remain nearly constant. At different H{sub 2} concentrations, the electron and ion densities decrease with increasing the mixture pressure. Both the electron and ion densities slightly decrease with increasing H{sub 2} concentration.

El-Brulsy, R. A.; Abd Al-Halim, M. A.; Abu-Hashem, A. [Benha University, Physics Department, Faculty of Science (Egypt); Rashed, U. M. [Alazhar University, Physics Department, Faculty of Science (Egypt); Hassouba, M. A. [Benha University, Physics Department, Faculty of Science (Egypt)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

231

Enhanced ferromagnetic order in Sr{sub 4}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} featuring canted [MnO{sub 4}]{sub ?} spin chains of mixed-valent Mn(III)/Mn(IV). Aliovalent substitution of the Sr{sub 4?x}Ln{sub x}Mn{sup III}{sub 2+x}Mn{sup IV}{sub 1?x}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} solid-solution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crystals of Sr{sub 4?x}Ln{sub x}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} (x=0; x?0.15 for Ln=La, Pr, Nd, Sm. Eu, Gd, Dy; x?0.3 for Ln=Gd) were isolated upon using high-temperature, solid-state methods in molten-salt media. These compounds are isostructural with the previously reported Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3} (Ln=La, Sm, Gd) series that contains the same [MnO{sub 4}]{sub ?} spin chains. The synthesis of the Sr{sub 4}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} (x=0) phase was carried out by a double aliovalent substitution with respect to the Sr{sup 2+} and Ge{sup 4+} ions that replace Na{sup +}/Ln{sup 3+} and As{sup 5+} in Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3}, respectively. The title series contains mixed-valent Mn(III)/Mn(IV) and shows a limited range of solid solution, both of which were not observed in the previously reported Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3} series. To form the Sr{sub 4?x}Ln{sub x}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} solid solution, one of the Sr{sup 2+} sites, i.e., the original Ln-site in Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3}, is partially substituted by Ln{sup 3+} in a statistical disorder of Sr{sub 1?x}/Ln{sub x}. Initial magnetic investigations of selected derivatives reveal higher ferromagnetic ordering temperatures than those reported for the Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3} series, presumably attributed to a lesser degree of canting as a result of introducing non-Jahn–Teller Mn{sup 4+} ions. Also intriguing is the observation of multiple anomalies at low temperatures which appear to be of electronic origins. - Graphical abstract: Sr{sub 4?x}Ln{sub x}Mn(III){sub 2+x}Mn(IV){sub 1?x}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3}. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Double aliovalent substitution: Sr{sub 4}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(GeO{sub 4}){sub 3} with respect to Na{sub 3}LnMn{sub 3}O{sub 3}(AsO{sub 4}){sub 3}. • Solid solution with respect to statistical disorder of Sr{sub 1?x}Ln{sub x} in one of the two Sr sites. • Mn{sup 3+}/Mn{sup 4+} magnetic ions are spatially arranged in a triangular kagomé fashion. • Enhanced ferromagnetic ordering attributed to doping non-Jahn–Teller Mn{sup 4+}.

West, J. Palmer; Sulejmanovic, Dino [Department of Chemistry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States); Becht, Gregory [E. I. du Pont, Wilmington, DE 19880-0500 (United States); He, Jian; Hitchcock, Dale [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States); Yan, Yonggao [Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China); Hwu, Shiou-Jyh, E-mail: shwu@clemson.edu [Department of Chemistry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

232

Regional Summary Pacific Region Management Context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, for the Eastern Pacific Ocean, and the Western and Central Pacific Fishery Commission, for the Western PacificRegional Summary Pacific Region Management Context The Pacific Region includes California, Oregon, and Washington. Federal fisheries in this region are managed by the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC

233

Search for B?<sub>s> ? ?+ ?- and B?<sub>d> ? mu+mu- decays in p anti-p collisions with CDF. II.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on a search for B?<sub>s> ? ?+ ?- and B?<sub>d> ? mu+mu- decays in p anti-p collisions at ?s = 1.96 TeV using 364.4 pb -1 of data collected by the CDF II dectector at Fermilab Tevatron Collider. After applying all selection requirements, we observe no candidates inside the B?<sub>s> or B?<sub>d> mass windows. The resulting upper limits on the branching fractions are ?(B?<sub>s> ? ?+?-) < 1.5 x 10-7 and ?(B?<sub>d> ? ?+?-) < 3.9 x 10-8 at 90 % confidence level. (auth)

Abulencia, A.; Acosta, D.; Adelman, J.; Affolder, T.; Akimoto, T.; Albrow, M. G.; Ambrose, D.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Anikeev, K.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Aoki, M.; Apollinari, G.; Arguin, J. -F.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; Ashmanskas, W.; Attal, A.; Azfar, F.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Infrared optical properties of amorphous and nanocrystalline Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The optical constants of tantalum pentoxide (Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}) are determined in a broad spectral region from the visible to the far infrared. Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} films of various thicknesses from approximately 170 to 1600 nm are deposited using reactive magnetron sputtering on Si substrates. X-ray diffraction shows that the as-deposited films are amorphous, and annealing in air at 800 °C results in the formation of nanocrystalline Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}. Ellipsometry is used to obtain the dispersion in the visible and near-infrared. Two Fourier-transform infrared spectrometers are used to measure the transmittance and reflectance at wavelengths from 1 to 1000 ?m. The surface topography and microstructure of the samples are examined using atomic force microscopy, confocal microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Classical Lorentz oscillators are employed to model the absorption bands due to phonons and impurities. A simple model is introduced to account for light scattering in the annealed films, which contain micro-cracks. For the unannealed samples, an effective-medium approximation is used to take into account the adsorbed moisture in the film and a Drude free-electron term is also added to model the broad background absorption.

Bright, T. J.; Watjen, J. I.; Zhang, Z. M. [George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)] [George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States); Muratore, C. [Nanoelectronic Materials Branch, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States) [Nanoelectronic Materials Branch, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Dayton, Dayton, Ohio 45469 (United States); Voevodin, A. A. [Nanoelectronic Materials Branch, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States)] [Nanoelectronic Materials Branch, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); Koukis, D. I.; Tanner, D. B. [Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Arenas, D. J. [Department of Physics, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, Florida 32254 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, Florida 32254 (United States)

2013-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

235

Lead (II) selenite halides Pb{sub 3}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2}X{sub 2} (X = Br, I): Synthesis and crystal structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two lead selenite halides, Pb{sub 3}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2}Br{sub 2} and Pb{sub 3}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2}I{sub 2}, have been prepared by solid-phase synthesis and structurally characterized. These compounds are isotypic and can be considered 3D with a microporous framework composed of lead polyhedra (distorted Archimedean antiprisms formed by oxygen and halogen atoms). The framework contains channels oriented in the [010] direction. These channels contain selenium atoms, which are bound with framework oxygen atoms belonging to different lead polyhedra.

Berdonosov, P. S., E-mail: berdonosov@inorg.chem.msu.ru; Olenev, A. V.; Dolgikh, V. A. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Synthesis and crystal structure of 3-ammoniumphenyl sulfone selenate, 3-aminophenyl sulfone [C{sub 12}H{sub 14}N{sub 2}O{sub 2}S]SeO{sub 4} {center_dot} [C{sub 12}H{sub 12}N{sub 2}O{sub 2}S  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crystal structure of [C{sub 12}H{sub 14}N{sub 2}O{sub 2}S]SeO{sub 4} {center_dot} [C{sub 12}H{sub 12}N{sub 2}O{sub 2}S] was determined by X-ray diffraction on single crystal. Crystals are orthorhombic, space group Pbca, with cell parameters a = 11.545 (1), b = 8.143 (1), c = 55.783(1)A, V = 5244.2 (8)A{sup 3} and Z = 8. The structure can be described as organic layers built by [C{sub 12}H{sub 14}N{sub 2}O{sub 2}S]{sup 2+} cations and [C{sub 12}H{sub 12}N{sub 2}O{sub 2}S] molecules, parallel to ab plane, between which the inorganic groups SeO{sub 4}{sup 2-} are inserted. In this atomic arrangement, H-bonds between the different species play an important role in the three-dimensional network cohesion.

Mahroug, A.; Belhouchet, M., E-mail: belhouchet2002@yahoo.fr; Mhiri, T. [Universite de Sfax, Laboratoire Physico-Chimie de l'Etat Solide. Departement de Chimie. Faculte des Sciences de Sfax (Tunisia)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

237

Simultaneous ordering of holes and spins in La[sub 2]NiO[sub 4. 125  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a single-crystal neutron diffraction study of the incommensurate magnetic ordering that occurs in La[sub 2]NiO[sub 4.125] below 110 K. Besides the magnetic first and third harmonic Bragg peaks, we have also observed second harmonic peaks associated with charge ordering. The magnitude of the incommensurate splitting, [epsilon], is strongly temperature dependent. Lock-in behavior indicates that [epsilon] tends to rational fractions, while regions of continuous variation suggest a devil's staircase. Analysis of these features indicates that the holes, induced by the excess oxygen, order in domain walls that form antiphase boundaries between antiferromagnetic domains.

Tranquada, J.M.; Buttrey, D.J.; Sachan, V.; Lorenzo, J.E. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States) Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States))

1994-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

238

Misfit layered Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9} as a high figure of merit p-type transparent conducting oxide film through solution processing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9} thin films synthesized through solution processing are shown to be high-performing, p-type transparent conducting oxides (TCOs). The synthesis method is a cost-effective and scalable process that consists of sol-gel chemistry, spin coating, and heat treatments. The process parameters can be varied to produce TCO thin films with sheet resistance as low as 5.7?k?/sq (????57 m? cm) or with average visible range transparency as high as 67%. The most conductive Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9} TCO thin film has near infrared region optical transmission as high as 85%. The figure of merit (FOM) for the top-performing Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 4}O{sub 9} thin film (151 M?{sup ?1}) is higher than FOM values reported in the literature for all other solution processed, p-type TCO thin films and higher than most others prepared by physical vapor deposition and chemical vapor deposition. Transparent conductivity in misfit layered oxides presents new opportunities for TCO compositions.

Aksit, M.; Kolli, S. K.; Slauch, I. M.; Robinson, R. D., E-mail: rdr82@cornell.edu [Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

239

Cobalt-doped Bi{sub 26}Mo{sub 10}O{sub 69}: Crystal structure and conductivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of cobalt-doped bismuth molybdates were synthesized and investigated using X-ray powder diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and impedance spectroscopy. The ranges of solid solution were determined. Two new compounds, Bi{sub 1?x}Co{sub x}[Bi{sub 12}O{sub 14}]Mo{sub 5}O{sub 34.5±?} (x=0.2) and Bi[Bi{sub 12}O{sub 14}]Mo{sub 5?y}Co{sub y}O{sub 34.5±?} (y=0.2), which crystallise in monoclinic unit cells have been examined in detail by diffraction methods. Impedance spectroscopy measurements show that the studied materials are good ionic conductors with conductivity values about 5×10{sup ?3} S×cm{sup ?1} at 973 K and 1.7×10{sup ?4} S×cm{sup ?1} at 623 K, which are similar to conductivity values of yttrium substituted zirconia and (YSZ) gadolinium doped ceria (CGO). - Graphical abstract: Measured and calculated diffraction spectra for Bi{sub 12.8}Co{sub 0.2}Mo{sub 5}O{sub 34±?} and projection of the Bi{sub 12.8}Co{sub 0.2}Mo{sub 5}O{sub 34±?} crystal structure onto the ac plane. Highlights: • The limit of the Bi{sub 1?x}Co{sub x}[Bi{sub 12}O{sub 14}]Mo{sub 5}O{sub 34.5±?} homogeneity range is equal to x=0.2. • The limit of the Bi[Bi{sub 12}O{sub 14}]Mo{sub 5?y}Co{sub y}O{sub 34.5±?} homogeneity range is equal to y=0.2. • Solid solutions have monoclinic symmetry. No phase transition is observed. • The conductivity at 700° for y=0.2 solid solutions is equal to ?lg ?, S×cm{sup ?1}=2.23. • The conductivity at 350° for y=0.2 solid solutions is equal to ?lg ?, S×cm{sup ?1}=3.74.

Mikhailovskaya, Z.A., E-mail: zozoikina@mail.ru [Ural Federal University, Lenin Ave. 51, 620000 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Buyanova, E.S. [Ural Federal University, Lenin Ave. 51, 620000 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Petrova, S.A. [Institute of Metallurgy, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 101 Amundsen Str., 620016 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Morozova, M.V.; Zhukovskiy, V.M. [Ural Federal University, Lenin Ave. 51, 620000 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Zakharov, R.G. [Institute of Metallurgy, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 101 Amundsen Str., 620016 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Tarakina, N.V. [Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 91 Pervomayskaya Str., 620990 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Experimentelle Physik III, Physikalisches Institut and Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen—Research Centre for Complex Material Systems, Universität Würzburg, Am Hubland, D-97074 Würzburg (Germany); Berger, I.F. [Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 91 Pervomayskaya Str., 620990 Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

240

Local structure around Er{sup 3+} in SiO{sub 2}-HfO{sub 2} glassy waveguides using EXAFS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Er{sup 3+}-doped SiO{sub 2}-HfO{sub 2} glassy waveguides with HfO{sub 2} concentrations ranging from 10 to 50 mol % were prepared using the sol-gel route and deposited on v-SiO{sub 2} substrates using the dip-coating technique. The local environment around Er{sup 3+} ions was determined from Er L{sub 3}-edge extended x-ray-absorption fine-structure (EXAFS) measurements. The first coordination shell around Er{sup 3+} ions is composed of oxygen atoms. Hafnium is the main constituent of the second coordination shell of Er{sup 3+}, differing from the cases of pure SiO{sub 2} and SiO{sub 2}-TiO{sub 2} glassy hosts, in which silicon is the main atomic species. The local structure around Er{sup 3+} ions has been found to be independent on HfO{sub 2} concentration within the studied composition range. This fact implies that Er{sup 3+} ions are preferentially dispersed in HfO{sub 2}-rich regions of the glassy waveguide, even at the lowest HfO{sub 2} concentration. For all samples, no Er{sup 3+}-Er{sup 3+} coordination shell has been detected by EXAFS. The presented structural results allow us to understand some spectroscopic properties typical of Er{sup 3+}-doped SiO{sub 2} glassy waveguides co-doped with HfO{sub 2}.

Afify, N. D.; Dalba, G.; Armellini, C.; Ferrari, M.; Rocca, F.; Kuzmin, A. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Trento, Via Sommarive 14, I-38100 Povo (Trento) (Italy); IFN-CNR, Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Sezione FBK-CeFSA di Trento, Via alla Cascata 56/C, I-38100 Povo (Trento) (Italy); Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, LV-1063 RIGA (Latvia)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region nerc sub" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Synthesis, crystal structure and magnetic property of a new nickel selenite chloride: Ni{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Cl{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The new nickel selenite chloride, Ni{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Cl{sub 2}, was obtained by high-temperature solid state reaction of NiCl{sub 2}, Ni{sub 2}O{sub 3} and SeO{sub 2} in a 1:2:4molar ratio at 700{sup o}C in an evacuated quartz tube. Its structure was established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Ni{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Cl{sub 2} crystallizes in the triclinic system, space group P-1 (No. 2) with cell parameters of a=8.076(2), b=9.288(2), c=9.376(2)A, {alpha}=101.97(3), {beta}=105.60(3), {gamma}=91.83(3){sup o} and Z=2. All nickel(II) ions in Ni{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Cl{sub 2} are octahedrally coordinated by selenite oxygens or/and chloride anions (([Ni(1)O{sub 5}Cl], [Ni(2)O{sub 4}Cl{sub 2}], [Ni(3)O{sub 5}Cl], [Ni(4)O{sub 6}] and [Ni(5)O{sub 4}Cl]). The structure of the title compound features a condensed three-dimensional (3D) network built by Ni(II) ions interconnected by SeO{sub 3}{sup 2-} anions as well as Cl{sup -} anions. Magnetic property measurements show strong antiferromagnetic interaction between nickel(II) ions.

Shen Yueling [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Mao Jianggao [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China)]. E-mail: mjg@ms.fjirsm.ac.cn; Jiang Hailong [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

242

Charge transport in silver chalcogenides in the region of phase transition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data on the {sigma}(T), R(T), and U(T) dependences in Ag{sub 2}Te, Ag{sub 2}Se, and Ag{sub 2}S in the region of the phase transition are analyzed. It is found that the phase transition in Ag{sub 2}Te is accompanied by a decrease in the electron concentration and this transition in Ag{sub 2}Se is accompanied by an increase in this concentration. The concentration of intrinsic charge carriers in Ag{sub 2}Te decreases by a factor of 4 as a result of the phase transition and increases by a factor of 2 in Ag{sub 2}Se. The effect of variation in the energy-band parameters in the region of phase transition on the electron mobility is considered. It is established that, in Ag{sub 2}Te and Ag{sub 2}S, electrons are scattered by optical phonons in the region of the phase transition, while electrons are scattered by acoustic phonons in the {alpha} and {beta} phases. It is assumed that the anomalously large increase in {sigma} and U in Ag{sub 2}S as a result of the phase transition is caused by an increase in the concentration n and a simultaneous decrease in {sigma}{sub g} and m{sub n}{sup *} by a factor of about 2.

Aliev, S. A.; Agaev, Z. F., E-mail: agayevz@rambler.ru; Zul'figarov, E. I. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

Temperature-dependent framework–template interaction of |Na{sub 6}(H{sub 2}O){sub 8}|[ZnPO{sub 4}]{sub 6} sodalite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The partial dehydration followed by the decomposition of sodium-zincophosphate-hydrosodalite caused by the total water loss was examined by temperature-dependent X-ray powder diffraction, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy as well as thermogravimetry combined with difference thermoanalysis. The dehydration causing the decomposition of this sodalite could be described in a two step-process. Initially two water molecules per unit-cell were lost, changing the interaction between the zincophosphate framework and the remaining water molecules as well as sodium cations as non-framework constituents. In this stage a 3+3 coordination of water molecules and sodium cations in the sodalite cage is observed. Using the autocorrelation function (AC) for the evaluation of the temperature-dependent FTIR spectra of sodalites is reported here for the first time. Calculating the changes in the AC broadness, structural features could well be analyzed due to its correlation with respective structural parameters. Temperature dependent Raman data was used to give a band assignment of bands at Raman shifts below 300 cm{sup ?1}. - Graphical abstract: The thermal decomposition of |Na{sub 6}(H{sub 2}O){sub 8}|[ZnPO{sub 4}]{sub 6} sodalite is a two-step process with an initial loss of two water molecules at 400 K, intermediately stabilizing the highly stressed framework. Further heating leads to a subsequent loss of the remaining six water molecules and a breakup of the sodalite framework. A beryllonite-type NaZnPO{sub 4} is the final product of this process. Display Omitted - Highlights: • The decomposition of |Na{sub 6}(H{sub 2}O){sub 8}|[ZnPO{sub 4}]{sub 6} sodalite is a two-step process. • Initial loss of two water molecule at 400 K stabilizes the sodalite (step 1). • Further heating leads to complete loss of water and structural breakdown. • Autocorrelation of temperature dependent FTIR-spectra gives structural information.

Robben, Lars, E-mail: lrobben@uni-bremen.de; Gesing, Thorsten M.

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Magnetic measurements and neutron diffraction study of the layered hybrid compounds Mn(C{sub 8}H{sub 4}O{sub 4})(H{sub 2}O){sub 2} and Mn{sub 2}(OH){sub 2}(C{sub 8}H{sub 4}O{sub 4})  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mn(C{sub 8}H{sub 4}O{sub 4})(H{sub 2}O){sub 2} and Mn{sub 2}(OH){sub 2}(C{sub 8}H{sub 4}O{sub 4}) layered organic-inorganic compounds based on manganese(II) and terephthalate molecules (C{sub 8}H{sub 4}O{sub 4}{sup 2-}) have been studied by DC and AC magnetic measurements and powder neutron diffraction. The dihydrated compound behaves as a 3D antiferromagnet below 6.5 K. The temperature dependence of its {chi}T product is typical of a 2D Heisenberg system and allows determining the in-plane exchange constant J Almost-Equal-To -7.4 K through the carboxylate bridges. The magnetic structure confirms the in-plane nearest neighbor antiferromagnetic interactions and the 3D ordering. The hydroxide based compound also orders as a 3D antiferromagnet with a higher Neel temperature (38.5 K). Its magnetic structure is described from two antiferromagnetically coupled ferromagnetic sublattices, in relation with the two independent metallic sites. The isothermal magnetization data at 2 K are consistent with the antiferromagnetic ground-state of these compounds. However, in both cases, a slope change points to field-induced modification of the magnetic structure. - Graphical abstract: The macroscopic magnetic properties and magnetic structures of two metal-organic frameworks based on manganese (II) and terephthalate molecules are presented. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Magnetic study of Mn(C{sub 8}H{sub 4}O{sub 4})(H{sub 2}O){sub 2} and Mn{sub 2}(OH){sub 2}(C{sub 8}H{sub 4}O{sub 4}). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Two compounds with common features (interlayer linker/distance, S=5/2 spin). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Magnetic measurements quantitatively analyzed to deduce exchange constants. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Magnetic structures determined from neutron powder diffraction experiments.

Sibille, Romain, E-mail: romain.sibille@ijl.nancy-universite.fr [Institut Jean Lamour, UMR 7198-Nancy Universite, BP 70239, 54506 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy Cedex (France); Mesbah, Adel; Mazet, Thomas; Malaman, Bernard [Institut Jean Lamour, UMR 7198-Nancy Universite, BP 70239, 54506 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy Cedex (France); Capelli, Silvia [Institut Laue Langevin, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Francois, Michel [Institut Jean Lamour, UMR 7198-Nancy Universite, BP 70239, 54506 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy Cedex (France)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

245

A cluster with a mixed M{sub 6}X{sub 12}/M{sub 6}X{sub 8} environment: The La{sub 6}Cl{sub 11}Co structure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The title compound was synthesized from La, LaCl{sub 3} and Co under Ar atmosphere at 800 deg. C. It crystallizes in space group P4{sub 2}/n (no. 86) with lattice constants a=11.308(2) A and c=14.441(3) A. The structure features an isolated Co-centered La{sub 6} octahedron with all corners and edges, and 2 of its 8 triangular faces coordinated by Cl atoms. The La{sub 6}Co octahedron is significantly distorted, and the La coordination by Cl atoms deviates from the common close-packing arrangements found in other reduced rare earth metal halides. Structure, bonding and physical properties of the compound have been investigated. - Graphical abstract: La{sub 6}Cl{sub 11}Co octahedron exhibiting a mixed M{sub 6}X{sub 12}/M{sub 6}X{sub 12} coordination environment.

Zheng Chong, E-mail: czheng@niu.ed [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 60115 (United States); Mattausch, Hansjuergen; Hoch, Constantin; Simon, Arndt [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6} - two new Ae-Zn-Sn polar intermetallic compounds (Ae: alkaline earth metal)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6}, two closely related new polar intermetallic compounds, were obtained by high temperature reactions of the elements. Their crystal structures were determined with single crystal XRD methods, and their electronic structures were analyzed by means of DFT calculations. The Zn-Sn structure part of SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} comprises (anti-)PbO-like {l_brace}ZnSn{sub 4/4}{r_brace} and {l_brace}SnZn{sub 4/4}{r_brace} layers. Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6} shows similar {l_brace}ZnSn{sub 4/4}{r_brace} layers and {l_brace}Sn{sub 4}Zn{r_brace} slabs constructed of a covalently bonded Sn scaffold capped by Zn atoms. For both phases, the two types of layers are alternatingly stacked and interconnected via Zn-Sn bonds. SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} adopts the SrPd{sub 2}Bi{sub 2} structure type, and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6} is isotypic to the R{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Ge{sub 6} compounds (R=La, Ce, Pr, Nd). Band structure calculations indicate that both SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6} are metallic. Analyses of the chemical bonding with the electron localization function (ELF) show lone pair like basins at Sn atoms and Zn-Sn bonding interactions between the layers for both title phases, and covalent Sn-Sn bonding within the {l_brace}Sn{sub 4}Zn{r_brace} layers of Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6}. - Graphical abstract: Crystal structures of the new Ae-Zn-Sn polar intermetallic phases SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New polar intermetallic phases SrZn{sub 2}Sn{sub 2} and Ca{sub 2}Zn{sub 3}Sn{sub 6}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Obtained by high temperature reactions of the elements. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Single crystal XRD structure determination and DFT electronic structure calculations. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Closely related crystal and electronic structures. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Metallic conductivity coexisting with lone pairs and covalent bonding features.

Stegmaier, Saskia [Department Chemie, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, 85747 Garching (Germany); Faessler, Thomas F., E-mail: Thomas.Faessler@lrz.tum.de [Department Chemie, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, 85747 Garching (Germany)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

247

Proton form factor ratio, {mu}{sub p}G{sub E}{sup P}/G{sub M}{sup P} from double spin asymmetry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The form factors are fundamental properties of the nucleon representing the effect of its structure on its response to electromagnetic probes such as electrons. They are functions of the four-momentum transfer squared Q{sup 2} between the electron and the proton. This thesis reports the results of a new measurement of the ratio of the electric and magnetic form factors of the proton up to Q{sup 2} = 5.66 (GeV/c){sup 2} using the double spin asymmetry with a polarized beam and target. Experiment E07-003 (SANE, Spin Asymmetries of the Nucleon Experiment) was carried out in Hall C at Jefferson Lab in 2009 to study the proton spin structure functions with a dynamically polarized ammonia target and longitudinally polarized electron beam. By detecting elastically scattered protons in the High-Momentum Spectrometer (HMS) in coincidence with the electrons in the Big Electron Telescope Array (BETA), elastic measurements were carried out in parallel. The elastic double spin asymmetry allows one to extract the proton electric to magnetic form factor ratio G{sup p}{sub E}/G{sup p}{sub M} at high-momentum transfer, Q{sup 2} = 5.66 (GeV/c){sup 2}. In addition to the coincidence data, inclusively scattered electrons from the polarized ammonia target were detected by HMS, which allows to measure the beam-target asymmetry in the elastic region with the target spin nearly perpendicular to the momentum transfer, and to extract G{sup p}{sub E}/G{sup p}{sub M} at low Q{sup 2} = 2.06 (GeV/c){sup 2}. This alternative measurement of G{sup p}{sub E}/G{sup p}{sub M} has verified and confirmed the dramatic discrepancy at high Q{sup 2} between the Rosenbluth and the recoil-polarization-transfer iv method with a different measurement technique and systematic uncertainties uncorrelated to those of the recoil-polarization measurements. The measurement of the form factor ratio at Q{sup 2} = 2.06 (GeV/c){sup 2} has been determined as {mu}{sub p}G{sup p}{sub E}/G{sup p}{sub M} = 0.605{+-}0.178{sub stat}{+-}0.033{sub sys} which is in agreement with an earlier measurement with the polarized target technique at similar kinematics. The measurement of the form factor ratio at Q{sup 2} = 5.66 (GeV/c){sup 2} has been determined as {mu}{sub p}G{sup p}{sub E}/G{sup p}{sub M} = 0.672 {+-} 0.362{sub stat} which represents the highest Q{sup 2} reach with the double spin asymmetry to date.

Habarakada Liyanage, Anusha Pushpakumari [Hampton U., JLAB] [Hampton U., JLAB

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Hydrogen demand, production, and cost by region to 2050.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an analysis of potential hydrogen (H{sub 2}) demand, production, and cost by region to 2050. The analysis was conducted to (1) address the Energy Information Administration's (EIA's) request for regional H{sub 2} cost estimates that will be input to its energy modeling system and (2) identify key regional issues associated with the use of H{sub 2} that need further study. Hydrogen costs may vary substantially by region. Many feedstocks may be used to produce H{sub 2}, and the use of these feedstocks is likely to vary by region. For the same feedstock, regional variation exists in capital and energy costs. Furthermore, delivery costs are likely to vary by region: some regions are more rural than others, and so delivery costs will be higher. However, to date, efforts to comprehensively and consistently estimate future H{sub 2} costs have not yet assessed regional variation in these costs. To develop the regional cost estimates and identify regional issues requiring further study, we developed a H{sub 2} demand scenario (called 'Go Your Own Way' [GYOW]) that reflects fuel cell vehicle (FCV) market success to 2050 and allocated H{sub 2} demand by region and within regions by metropolitan versus non-metropolitan areas. Because we lacked regional resource supply curves to develop our H{sub 2} production estimates, we instead developed regional H{sub 2} production estimates by feedstock by (1) evaluating region-specific resource availability for centralized production of H{sub 2} and (2) estimating the amount of FCV travel in the nonmetropolitan areas of each region that might need to be served by distributed production of H{sub 2}. Using a comprehensive H{sub 2} cost analysis developed by SFA Pacific, Inc., as a starting point, we then developed cost estimates for each H{sub 2} production and delivery method by region and over time (SFA Pacific, Inc. 2002). We assumed technological improvements over time to 2050 and regional variation in energy and capital costs. Although we estimate substantial reductions in H{sub 2} costs over time, our cost estimates are generally higher than the cost goals of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) hydrogen program. The result of our analysis, in particular, demonstrates that there may be substantial variation in H{sub 2} costs between regions: as much as $2.04/gallon gasoline equivalent (GGE) by the time FCVs make up one-half of all light-vehicle sales in the GYOW scenario (2035-2040) and $1.85/GGE by 2050 (excluding Alaska). Given the assumptions we have made, our analysis also shows that there could be as much as a $4.82/GGE difference in H{sub 2} cost between metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas by 2050 (national average). Our national average cost estimate by 2050 is $3.68/GGE, but the average H{sub 2} cost in metropolitan areas in that year is $2.55/GGE and that in non-metropolitan areas is $7.37/GGE. For these estimates, we assume that the use of natural gas to produce H{sub 2} is phased out. This phase-out reflects the desire of DOE's Office of Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Infrastructure Technologies (OHFCIT) to eliminate reliance on natural gas for H{sub 2} production. We conducted a sensitivity run in which we allowed natural gas to continue to be used through 2050 for distributed production of H{sub 2} to see what effect changing that assumption had on costs. In effect, natural gas is used for 66% of all distributed production of H{sub 2} in this run. The national average cost is reduced to $3.10/GGE, and the cost in non-metropolitan areas is reduced from $7.37/GGE to $4.90, thereby reducing the difference between metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas to $2.35/GGE. Although the cost difference is reduced, it is still substantial. Regional differences are similarly reduced, but they also remain substantial. We also conducted a sensitivity run in which we cut in half our estimate of the cost of distributed production of H{sub 2} from electrolysis (our highest-cost production method). In this run, our national average cost estimate is reduced even further, to

Singh, M.; Moore, J.; Shadis, W.; Energy Systems; TA Engineering, Inc.

2005-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

249

Symmetry determination on Pb-free piezoceramic 0.5Ba(Zr{sub 0.2}Ti{sub 0.8})O{sub 3}-0.5(Ba{sub 0.7}Ca{sub 0.3})TiO{sub 3} using convergent beam electron diffraction method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

(1?x)(Ba(Zr{sub 0.2}Ti{sub 0.8})O{sub 3}-x(Ba{sub 0.7}Ca{sub 0.3})TiO{sub 3} (BZT-xBCT) Pb-free piezoceramic has been reported showing ultrahigh piezoelectric performance in its morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) region. However, the crystal structure characteristic for the MPB composition of BZT-xBCT is still under debate—between single orthorhombic phase and tetragonal + rhombohedral two phase mixture. In the present study, we perform the local symmetry determination on the MPB composition x = 0.5 using convergent beam electron diffraction analysis (CBED). Our CBED results from multiple zone axes suggest that there are two coexisting phases with the point group symmetries of 4?mm (tetragonal) and 3?m (rhombohedral) respectively, which agree with two phase mixture model. The strong piezoelectricity can thus be understood by considering the polarization rotation between tetragonal and rhombohedral phases by external field.

Gao, Jinghui, E-mail: gaojinghui@mail.xjtu.edu.cn; Zhong, Lisheng [Multi-Disciplinary Materials Research Center, State Key Lab of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment and Frontier Institute of Science and Technology, Xi'an, 710049 (China); Zhang, Lixue; Xue, Dezhen [Multi-Disciplinary Materials Research Center, State Key Lab of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment and Frontier Institute of Science and Technology, Xi'an, 710049 (China); State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China); Kimoto, Takayoshi [Ferroic Physics Group, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, 305-0047, Ibaraki (Japan); Song, Minghui [Electron Microscopy Group, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, 305-0047, Ibaraki (Japan); Ren, Xiaobing [Multi-Disciplinary Materials Research Center, State Key Lab of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment and Frontier Institute of Science and Technology, Xi'an, 710049 (China); State Key Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China); Ferroic Physics Group, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, 305-0047, Ibaraki (Japan)

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

250

Synthesis and characterization of Mg{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnesium borate of the form Mg{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5} has been prepared and its structural and thermal properties were studied using X-ray diffraction and differential thermal analysis. An investigation of the electrical and optical properties of Mg{sub 2}B{sub 2}O{sub 5} system has been carried out. The electrical resistivity of the sample was measured in the temperature range of 170-400 K. The data analysis revealed an extrinsic nature of the conductivity with two impurity levels located at 0.13 and 0.71 eV in the temperature ranges of 170-230 K and 240-400 K, respectively. The optical transmission and reflection was recorded at 300 K in the incident photon energy range of 3.0-6.0 eV. The absorption coefficient data analysis revealed an indirect optical energy band gap of 4.73 eV. In addition, two impurity levels located at 3.43, and 4.49 eV were observed in the absorption spectra.

Qasrawi, A.F. [Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Atilim University, 06836 Ankara (Turkey)]. E-mail: atef_qasrawi@atilim.edu.tr; Kayed, T.S. [Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Atilim University, 06836 Ankara (Turkey); Mergen, A. [Eti Maden isletmeleri Genel Mued., Marketing and Sales Department, Cihan Sok, No: 2, Ankara (Turkey); Guerue, M. [Gazi University, Faculty of Engineering, Chemical Engineering Department, Maltepe, Ankara (Turkey)

2005-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

251

Crystal-chemistry of mullite-type aluminoborates Al{sub 18}B{sub 4}O{sub 33} and Al{sub 5}BO{sub 9}: A stoichiometry puzzle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Orthorhombic Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-rich aluminoborate is an important ceramic material for which two slightly different compositions have been assumed: Al{sub 5}BO{sub 9} (5Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:B{sub 2}O{sub 3}) and Al{sub 18}B{sub 4}O{sub 33} (9Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:2B{sub 2}O{sub 3}). The formula Al{sub 18}B{sub 4}O{sub 33} (=Al{sub 4.91}B{sub 1.09}O{sub 9}) was derived from results of chemical analyses when crystal structure data were not yet available. Subsequent structural investigations indicated Al{sub 5}BO{sub 9} composition. Nevertheless, Al{sub 18}B{sub 4}O{sub 33} was still accepted as the correct stoichiometry assuming that additional B replaces 9% Al. Powder samples of both compositions and ones with excess boron were prepared by solid state reactions between {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and B{sub 2}O{sub 3}/H{sub 3}BO{sub 3} at temperatures above 1100 {sup o}C and single-crystals were grown from flux at 1100 and 1550 {sup o}C. Products were investigated by single-crystal and powder XRD, {sup 11}B and {sup 27}Al solid-state MAS-NMR, Raman and FTIR spectroscopy as well as Laser-ablation ICP-MS. No indication of the predicted 9% B{yields}Al substitution was found. LA ICP-MS indicated 12.36(27) wt% B{sub 2}O{sub 3} corresponding to Al{sub 4.97}B{sub 1.03}O{sub 9}. Hence, the suggested Al{sub 18}B{sub 4}O{sub 33} stoichiometry can be excluded for all synthesized samples. A very low amount of Al vacancies at a five-fold coordinated site are likely, charge balanced by an additional nearby three-fold coordinated B site. All evidences indicate that the title compound should be reported as Al{sub 5-x}B{sub 1+x}O{sub 9} with x<0.038(6), which is close to Al{sub 5}BO{sub 9}. -- Graphical abstract: A chemical composition of Al{sub 18}B{sub 4}O{sub 33}=Al{sub 4.91}B{sub 1.09}O{sub 9}=9Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:2B{sub 2}O{sub 3} has been assumed for mullite-type aluminoborate with Al{sub 5}BO{sub 9} structure. However, samples prepared by different routes showed compositions close to 5Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}:B{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Display Omitted

Fisch, Martin, E-mail: fisch@krist.unibe.c [Mineralogical Crystallography, Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Bern, Freiestrasse 3, CH-3012 Bern (Switzerland); Armbruster, Thomas [Mineralogical Crystallography, Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Bern, Freiestrasse 3, CH-3012 Bern (Switzerland); Rentsch, Daniel [EMPA, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Research, Laboratory for Functional Polymers, Uberlandstrasse 129, CH-8600 Duebendorf (Switzerland); Libowitzky, Eugen [Institut fuer Mineralogie und Kristallographie, Universitaet Wien - Geozentrum, Althanstrasse 14, A-1090 Wien (Austria); Pettke, Thomas [Rock-Water Interaction Group, Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Bern, Baltzerstrasse 1-3, CH-3012 Bern (Switzerland)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

252

Synthesis of hexagonal Zn{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}·2H{sub 2}O nanoplates by a hydrothermal approach: Magnetic and photocatalytic properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hexagonal Zn{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}·2H{sub 2}O nanoplates have been successfully synthesized via a facile and template-free hydrothermal method. The nanocrystals have a hexagonal shape with 650–750 nm in diameter and 120–140 nm in thickness. The possible mechanism of forming such hexagonal Zn{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}·2H{sub 2}O nanoplates may be due to its inherent anisotropic crystal structure. Magnetic hysteresis measurement indicates that the as-synthesized hexagonal Zn{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}·2H{sub 2}O nanoplates have weak ferromagnetic property at room temperature. Compared to the floriated-like nanostructured Zn{sub 3}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}(OH){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2} synthesized by a hydrothermal route, the as-prepared hexagonal Zn{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}·2H{sub 2}O nanoplates exhibited a significant increase in the methylene blue (MB) photodegradation rate under UV irradiation. Highlights: • Hexagonal Zn{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}V{sub 2}O{sub 7}·2H{sub 2}O nanoplates was synthesized via a hydrothermal method. • Magnetic study indicates that the nanoplates are of weak ferromagnetic property at room temperature. • The nanoplates exhibit greatly enhanced activity in the UV-light photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue.

Wang, Fangfang; Wu, Wenbin; Sun, Xiujuan [College of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024 (China); Song, Shuyan [State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Resource Utilizations, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130022 (China); Xing, Yan, E-mail: xingy202@nenu.edu.cn [College of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024 (China); Wang, Jiawei; Yu, Donghui; Su, Zhongmin [College of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024 (China)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

Alternative current conduction mechanisms of organic-inorganic compound [N(CH{sub 3}){sub 3}H]{sub 2}ZnCl{sub 4}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

[N(CH{sub 3}){sub 3}H]{sub 2}ZnCl{sub 4} has been studied by X-ray powder diffraction patterns, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and impedance spectroscopy. The [N(CH{sub 3}){sub 3}H]{sub 2}ZnCl{sub 4} hybrid compound is crystallized at room temperature (T ? 300?K) in the orthorhombic system with Pnma space group. Five phase transitions (T{sub 1}?=?255?K, T{sub 2}?=?282?K, T{sub 3}?=?302?K, T{sub 4}?=?320?K, and T{sub 5}?=?346?K) have been proved by DSC measurements. The electrical technique was measured in the 10{sup ?1}-10{sup 7}?Hz frequency range and 233–363?K temperature interval. The frequency dependence of alternative current (AC) conductivity is interpreted in terms of Jonscher's law. The AC electrical conduction in [N(CH{sub 3}){sub 3}H]{sub 2}ZnCl{sub 4} is analyzed by different processes, which can be attributed to several models: the correlated barrier hopping model in phase I, the overlapping large polaron tunneling model in phase II, the quantum mechanical tunneling model in phase IV, and the non-overlapping small polaron tunneling model in phases III, V, and VI. The conduction mechanism is studied with the help of Elliot's theory, and the Elliot's parameters are determined.

Ben Bechir, M., E-mail: mohamedbenbechir@hotmail.fr; Karoui, K.; Guidara, K.; Ben Rhaiem, A. [Laboratory of Condensed Matter, Faculty of Sciences, University of Sfax, BP1171, 3018 Sfax (Tunisia); Tabellout, M. [LUNAM Université, Université du Maine, CNRS UMR 6283, Institut des Molécules et Matériaux du Mans (IMMM), Avenue Olivier Messiaen, F-72085, Le Mans Cedex 09 (France)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

254

Alternative current conduction mechanisms of organic-inorganic compound [N(CH{sub 3}){sub 3}H]{sub 2}CuCl{sub 4}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The [N(CH{sub 3}){sub 3}H]{sub 2}CuCl{sub 4} single crystal has been analyzed by X-ray powder diffraction patterns, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and electrical impedance spectroscopy. [N(CH{sub 3}){sub 3}H]{sub 2}CuCl{sub 4} crystallizes at room temperature in the monoclinic system with P2{sub 1}/{sub C} space group. Three phase transitions at T{sub 1}?=?226?K, T{sub 2}?=?264?K, and T{sub 3}?=?297?K have been evidenced by DSC measurements. The electrical technique was measured in the 10{sup ?1}–10{sup 7}?Hz frequency range and 203–313?K temperature intervals. The frequency dependence of alternative current (AC) conductivity is interpreted in terms of Jonscher's law (developed). The AC electrical conduction in [N(CH{sub 3}){sub 3}H]{sub 2}CuCl{sub 4} compound is studied by two processes which can be attributed to a hopping transport mechanism: the correlated barrier hopping model in phases I, II, and III, the non-overlapping small polaron tunneling model in phase IV. The conduction mechanism is interpreted with the help of Elliot's theory, and the Elliot's parameters are found.

Ben Bechir, M., E-mail: mohamedbenbechir@hotmail.fr; Karoui, K.; Guidara, K.; Ben Rhaiem, A. [Laboratory of Condensed Matter, Faculty of Sciences, University of Sfax, BP1171, 3018 Sfax (Tunisia); Tabellout, M. [LUNAM Université, Université du Maine, CNRS UMR 6283, Institut des Molécules et Matériaux du Mans (IMMM), Avenue Olivier Messiaen, F-72085 Le Mans Cedex 09 (France)

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

255

Mechanical properties of fiber-reinforced YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub x} and Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub x} bars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strength in four-point bending and fracture toughness of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub x} (123) and Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub x} (2212) were examined at room temperature. The 123 was reinforced with 15 vol.% Y{sub 2}BaCuO{sub 5} (211) fibers and was processed to 90--91% density by cold pressing and sintering. The 2212 was reinforced with 15 vol.% 2212 fibers and was processed to {approx}90% density by sinter forging. The 123/211 composites had a fracture toughness of 1.9 MPa(m){sup 0.5}, which is 20--30% higher than that of corresponding monoliths, but exhibited no improvement in strength. The strength and fracture toughness of the 2212/2212 composites were 102 MPa and 2.7 MPa(m){sup 0.5}, respectively, which were slight improvements over the monoliths. Transport critical current densities at 77 K were only slightly affected by the fiber additions.

Goretta, K.C.; Martin, L.J.; Singh, D.; Poeppel, R.B.; Chen, Nan; Chu, C.Y.; Routbort, J.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Gleixner, R.A. [Babcock and Wilcox Co., Alliance, OH (United States)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Preparation of magnetic Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/SiO{sub 2}/Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6} microspheres and their application in photocatalysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ? We described the preparation and characterization of the Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/SiO{sub 2}/Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6} magnetic microspheres composites. ? The photocatalytic activities of the composites were also investigated. ? With the combination of photocatalysts and Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/SiO{sub 2}, good stability and magnetic separability can be achieved. ? And to the best of our knowledge, this is the first report concerning Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6} nanoparticles loaded on Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/SiO{sub 2} particles. -- Abstract: Magnetic Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/SiO{sub 2}/Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6} microspheres with photocatalytic properties have been synthesized using a silica layer for “bonding” (adhering Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6} to Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}). The morphology, composition and magnetic properties of the Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/SiO{sub 2}/Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6} composites were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, vibrating sample magnetometry, and BET surface area analysis. The activity of the material in photocatalytic decoloration of aqueous rhodamine B (RhB) solution under visible light was evaluated. The results showed that Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6} combined well with the magnetic Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles. The Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/SiO{sub 2}/Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6} composites were spherical in shape, having a mean size of 2 ?m. The spent catalyst could be recycled with only slight decline in catalytic activity. It is envisaged that the stability, reusability, and magnetic nature of the Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/SiO{sub 2}/Bi{sub 2}WO{sub 6} catalyst warrants its application in photocatalysis.

Chen, Su-Hua; Yin, Zhen [Key Laboratory of Jiangxi Province for Ecological Diagnosis-Remediation and Pollution Control, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Jiangxi Province for Ecological Diagnosis-Remediation and Pollution Control, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063 (China); Luo, Sheng-Lian, E-mail: sllou@hnu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Jiangxi Province for Ecological Diagnosis-Remediation and Pollution Control, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Jiangxi Province for Ecological Diagnosis-Remediation and Pollution Control, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063 (China); Au, Chak-Tong [Key Laboratory of Jiangxi Province for Ecological Diagnosis-Remediation and Pollution Control, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063 (China) [Key Laboratory of Jiangxi Province for Ecological Diagnosis-Remediation and Pollution Control, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063 (China); Department of Chemistry, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong (China); Li, Xue-Jun [Key Laboratory of Jiangxi Province for Ecological Diagnosis-Remediation and Pollution Control, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Jiangxi Province for Ecological Diagnosis-Remediation and Pollution Control, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063 (China)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Southwest Regional Partnership on Carbon Sequestration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Southwest Partnership on Carbon Sequestration completed its Phase I program in December 2005. The main objective of the Southwest Partnership Phase I project was to evaluate and demonstrate the means for achieving an 18% reduction in carbon intensity by 2012. Many other goals were accomplished on the way to this objective, including (1) analysis of CO{sub 2} storage options in the region, including characterization of storage capacities and transportation options, (2) analysis and summary of CO{sub 2} sources, (3) analysis and summary of CO{sub 2} separation and capture technologies employed in the region, (4) evaluation and ranking of the most appropriate sequestration technologies for capture and storage of CO{sub 2} in the Southwest Region, (5) dissemination of existing regulatory/permitting requirements, and (6) assessing and initiating public knowledge and acceptance of possible sequestration approaches. Results of the Southwest Partnership's Phase I evaluation suggested that the most convenient and practical ''first opportunities'' for sequestration would lie along existing CO{sub 2} pipelines in the region. Action plans for six Phase II validation tests in the region were developed, with a portfolio that includes four geologic pilot tests distributed among Utah, New Mexico, and Texas. The Partnership will also conduct a regional terrestrial sequestration pilot program focusing on improved terrestrial MMV methods and reporting approaches specific for the Southwest region. The sixth and final validation test consists of a local-scale terrestrial pilot involving restoration of riparian lands for sequestration purposes. The validation test will use desalinated waters produced from one of the geologic pilot tests. The Southwest Regional Partnership comprises a large, diverse group of expert organizations and individuals specializing in carbon sequestration science and engineering, as well as public policy and outreach. These partners include 21 state government agencies and universities, five major electric utility companies, seven oil, gas and coal companies, three federal agencies, the Navajo Nation, several NGOs, and the Western Governors Association. This group is continuing its work in the Phase II Validation Program, slated to conclude in 2009.

Brian McPherson

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

258

Ionic conductivity and the formation of cubic CaH{sub 2} in the LiBH{sub 4}–Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} composite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LiBH{sub 4}–Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} composites were prepared by ball milling. Their crystal structures and phase composition were investigated using synchrotron X-ray diffraction and Rietveld refinement, and their ionic conductivity was measured using impedance spectroscopy. The materials were found to form a physical mixture. The composites were composed of ?-Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2}, ?-Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} and orthorhombic LiBH{sub 4}, and the relative phase quantities of the Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} polymorphs varied significantly with LiBH{sub 4} content. The formation of small amounts of orthorhombic CaH{sub 2} and cubic CaH{sub 2} in a CaF{sub 2}-like structure was observed upon heat treatment. Concurrent formation of elemental boron may also occur. The ionic conductivity of the composites was measured using impedance spectroscopy, and was found to be lower than that of ball milled LiBH{sub 4}. Electronic band structure calculations indicate that cubic CaH{sub 2} with hydrogen defects is electronically conducting. Its formation along with the possible precipitation of boron therefore has an effect on the measured conductivity of the LiBH{sub 4}–Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} composites and may increase the risk of an internal short-circuit in the cells. -- Graphical abstract: An Arrhenius plot of the ionic conductivity of the LiBH{sub 4}–Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} composites (red, blue, green). The ionic conductivity of ball milled (gray) and non-milled (black) LiBH{sub 4} is shown for comparison. The filled symbols are measured during heating runs and the empty symbols are measured during subsequent cooling runs. The conductivity of the composites is in all cases higher during cooling, most probably due to the formation of an electronically conducting layer containing defect-rich cubic CaH{sub 2}. Such layer formation could eventually lead to a short circuit in the cell and reveals a general issue of chemical stability that should be attended to in the development of solid electrolyte materials. Highlights: • The LiBH{sub 4}–Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} composite forms a physical mixture rather than a solid solution. • The formation of defect-rich, cubic CaH{sub 2} in a CaF{sub 2}-like structure is observed. • A new layer containing cubic CaH{sub 2} is conducting and may lead to a short-circuit.

Sveinbjörnsson, Dadi; Blanchard, Didier [Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark); Myrdal, Jon Steinar Gardarsson [Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark); Center for Atomic-Scale Materials Design, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Anker Engelunds Vej 1, DK-2800 Lyngby (Denmark); Younesi, Reza; Viskinde, Rasmus [Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark); Riktor, Marit Dalseth [Physics Department, Institute for Energy Technology, Instituttveien 18, P.O. Box 40, NO-2027 Kjeller (Norway); Norby, Poul [Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark); Vegge, Tejs, E-mail: teve@dtu.dk [Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

Inorganic-organic hybrid structure: Synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of a cobalt phosphite-oxalate, [C{sub 4}N{sub 2}H{sub 12}][Co{sub 4}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A hydrothermal reaction of a mixture of cobalt (II) oxalate, phosphorous acid, piperazine and water at 150{sup o}C for 96h followed by heating at 180{sup o}C for 24h gave rise to a new inorganic-organic hybrid solid, [C{sub 4}N{sub 2}H{sub 12}][Co{sub 4}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 3}], I. The structure consists of edge-shared CoO{sub 6} octahedra forming a [Co{sub 2}O{sub 10}] dimers that are connected by HPO{sub 3} and C{sub 2}O{sub 4} units forming a three-dimensional structure with one-dimensional channels. The amine molecules are positioned within these channels. The oxalate units have a dual role of connecting within the plane of the layer as well as out of the plane. Magnetic susceptibility measurement shows the compound orders antiferromagnetically at low temperature (T{sub N}=22K). Crystal data: I, monoclinic, space group=P2{sub 1}/c (No. 14). a=7.614(15), b=7.514(14), c=17.750(3)A, {beta}=97.351(3){sup o}, V=1007.30(3)A{sup 3}, Z=2, {rho}{sub calc}=2.466g/cm{sup 3}, {mu}{sub (MoK{alpha}}{sub )}=3.496mm{sup -1}, R{sub 1}=0.0310 and wR{sub 2}=0.0807 data [I>2{sigma}(I)].

Mandal, Sukhendu [Framework Solids Laboratory, Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Natarajan, Srinivasan [Framework Solids Laboratory, Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)]. E-mail: snatarajan@sscu.iisc.ernet.in

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

Synthesis, crystal structure, spectroscopic and thermal properties of [Et{sub 4}N][Ta{sub 6}Br{sub 12}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}]Br{sub 4}.4H{sub 2}O (Et=ethyl)-A new compound with the paramagnetic [Ta{sub 6}Br{sub 12}]{sup 3+} cluster core  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new hexanuclear cluster compound, [Et{sub 4}N][Ta{sub 6}Br{sub 12}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}]Br{sub 4}.4H{sub 2}O (Et=ethyl) (1), with the paramagnetic [Ta{sub 6}Br{sub 12}]{sup 3+} cluster entity, was synthesized and characterized by elemental and TG/DTA analyses, IR and UV/Vis spectroscopy and by a single-crystal X-ray diffraction study. The presence of the paramagnetic [Ta{sub 6}Br{sub 12}]{sup 3+} unit was confirmed also by the room-temperature magnetic and EPR measurements. The compound crystallizes in the tetragonal I4{sub 1}/a space group, with a=14.299(5), c=21.241(5) A, Z=4, R{sub 1}(F)/wR{sub 2}(F{sup 2})=0.0296/0.0811. The structure contains discrete [Ta{sub 6}Br{sub 12}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}]{sup 3+} cations with an octahedron of metal atoms edge-bridged by bromine atoms and with water molecules occupying all six terminal positions. The cluster units are positioned in the vertices of the three-dimensional (pseudo)diamond lattice. The structure shows similarities with literature reported structures of cluster compounds crystallizing in the diamond (Fd3-barm) space group. - Graphical abstract: Two interpenetrating (pseudo)diamond nets formed by packing of the paramagnetic [Ta{sub 6}Br{sub 12}(H{sub 2}O)]{sup 3+} (octahedral) and diamagnetic [Et{sub 4}N]{sup +} (spheres) cations.

Peric, Berislav, E-mail: bperic@irb.h [Ruder Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Jozic, Drazan [Ruder Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Planinic, Pavica, E-mail: planinic@irb.h [Ruder Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Brnicevic, Nevenka [Ruder Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Giester, Gerald [Institut fuer Mineralogie und Kristallographie, Universitaet Wien-Geozentrum Althanstrasse, 14, 1090 Wien (Austria)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region nerc sub" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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261

Processing & properties La{sub 1-x}A{sub x}Co{sub 1-y}Fe{sub y}O{sub 3}(A = Sr, Ca) perovskites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Selected compositions within the system La{sub 1-x}A{sub x}Co{sub 1-y}Fe{sub y}O{sub 3-{delta}}(A = Sr, Ca) were prepared by combustion synthesis and characterized by XRD, TGA, electrical conductivity, and oxygen permeation measurements. Substantial weight loss (due to loss of lattice oxygen) was observed in some compositions at high temperatures. For Sr containing materials, this weight loss increased with increasing Sr content. A substantial decrease in electronic conductivity was observed at high temperatures in Sr doped materials; this decrease was related to the decreased oxygen stoichiometry at these temperatures. In Sr doped compositions, oxygen flux increased with increasing Sr content. Calculated values of ionic conductivity were greater than the conductivity of yttria stabilized zirconia. Substitution of Ca for Sr resulted in substantially lower fluxes.

Stevenson, J.W.; Armstrong, T.R.; Pederson, L.R. [and others

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

First Observation of Inclusive {ital B} Decays to the Charmed Strange Baryons {Xi}{sup 0}{sub {ital c}} and {Xi}{sup +}{sub {ital c}}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using data collected in the region of the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance with the CLEO II detector operating at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring (CESR), we present the first observation of B mesons decaying into the charmed strange baryons {Xi}{sup 0}{sub c} and {Xi}{sup +}{sub c} . We find 79{plus_minus}27 {Xi}{sup 0}{sub c} and 125{plus_minus}28 {Xi}{sup +}{sub c} candidates from B decays, leading to product branching fractions of B({bar B}{r_arrow}{Xi}{sup 0}{sub c}X)B({Xi}{sup 0}{sub c}{r_arrow}{Xi}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +})= (0.144{plus_minus}0.048 {plus_minus}0.021) {times}10{sup {minus}3} and B({bar B}{r_arrow}{Xi}{sup +}{sub c}X)B({Xi}{sup +}{sub C}{r_arrow} {Xi}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup +}) =(0.453{plus_minus} 0.096{sup +0.085}{sub {minus}0.065}){times} 10{sup {minus}3} . {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Barish, B.; Chadha, M.; Chan, S.; Eigen, G.; Miller, J.S.; OGrady, C.; Schmidtler, M.; Urheim, J.; Weinstein, A.J.; Wuerthwein, F. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)] [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Asner, D.M.; Bliss, D.W.; Brower, W.S.; Masek, G.; Paar, H.P.; Prell, S.; Sharma, V. [University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)] [University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Gronberg, J.; Hill, T.S.; Kutschke, R.; Lange, D.J.; Menary, S.; Morrison, R.J.; Nelson, H.N.; Nelson, T.K.; Qiao, C.; Richman, J.D.; Roberts, D.; Ryd, A.; Witherell, M.S. [University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)] [University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Balest, R.; Behrens, B.H.; Cho, K.; Ford, W.T.; Park, H.; Rankin, P.; Roy, J.; Smith, J.G. [University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0390 (United States)] [University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0390 (United States); Alexander, J.P.; Bebek, C.; Berger, B.E.; Berkelman, K.; Bloom, K.; Cassel, D.G.; Cho, H.A.; Coffman, D.M.; Crowcroft, D.S.; Dickson, M.; Drell, P.S.; Ecklund, K.M.; Ehrlich, R.; Elia, R.; Foland, A.D.; Gaidarev, P.; Gittelman, B.; Gray, S.W.; Hartill, D.L.; Heltsley, B.K.; Hopman, P.I.; Kandaswamy, J.; Kim, P.C.; Kreinick, D.L.; Lee, T.; Liu, Y.; Ludwig, G.S.; Masui, J.; Mevissen, J.; Mistry, N.B.; Ng, C.R.; Nordberg, E.; Ogg, M.; Patterson, J.R.; Peterson, D.; Riley, D.; Soffer, A.; Valant-Spaight, B.; Ward, C. [Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)] [Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Athanas, M.; Avery, P.; Jones, C.D.; Lohner, M.; Prescott, C.; Yelton, J.; Zheng, J. [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)] [University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Brandenburg, G.; Briere, R.A.; Gao, Y.S.; Kim, D.Y.; Wilson, R.; Yamamoto, H. [Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)] [Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Browder, T.E.; Li, F.; Li, Y.; Rodriguez, J.L. [University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (United States)] [University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 (United States); Bergfeld, T.; Eisenstein, B.I.; Ernst, J.; Gladding, G.E.; Gollin, G.D.; Hans, R.M.; Johnson, E.; Karliner, I.; Marsh, M.A.; Palmer, M.; Selen, M.; Thaler, J.J.; and others

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

High-performance, 0.6-eV, Ga{sub 0.32}In{sub 0.68}As/InAs{sub 0.32}P{sub 0.68} thermophotovoltaic converters and monolithically interconnected modules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent progress in the development of high-performance, 0.6-eV Ga{sub 0.32}In{sub 0.68}As/InAs{sub 0.32}P{sub 0.68} thermophotovoltaic (TPV) converters and monolithically interconnected modules (MIMs) is described. The converter structure design is based on using a lattice-matched InAs{sub 0.32}P{sub 0.68}/Ga{sub 0.32}In{sub 0.68}As/InAs{sub 0.32}P{sub 0.68} double-heterostructure (DH) device, which is grown lattice-mismatched on an InP substrate, with an intervening compositionally step-graded region of InAs{sub y}P{sub 1{minus}y}. The Ga{sub 0.32}In{sub 0.68}As alloy has a room-temperature band gap of {approximately}0.6 eV and contains a p/n junction. The InAs{sub 0.32}P{sub 0.68} layers have a room-temperature band gap of {approximately}0.96 eV and serve as passivation/confinement layers for the Ga{sub 0.32}In{sub 0.68}As p/n junction. InAs{sub y}P{sub 1{minus}y} step grades have yielded DH converters with superior electronic quality and performance characteristics. Details of the microstructure of the converters are presented. Converters prepared for this work were grown by atmospheric-pressure metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy (APMOVPE) and were processed using a combination of photolithography, wet-chemical etching, and conventional metal and insulator deposition techniques. Excellent performance characteristics have been demonstrated for the 0.6-eV TPV converters. Additionally, the implementation of MIM technology in these converters has been highly successful. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

Wanlass, M.W.; Carapella, J.J.; Duda, A.; Emery, K.; Gedvilas, L.; Moriarty, T.; Ward, S.; Webb, J.D.; Wu, X. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), 1617 Cole Blvd., Golden, Colorado, 80401 (United States); Murray, C.S. [Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, P.O. Box 79/ZAP08D, West Mifflin, Pennsylvania, 15122 (United States)

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Putative quantum criticality in the (Cr{sub 90}Ir{sub 10}){sub 100?y}V{sub y} alloy system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum criticality (QC) in spin-density-wave antiferromagnetic Cr and Cr alloy systems is a topic of current interest. In the present study, V was used as a tuning parameter to drive the Néel transition temperature (T{sub N}) of the (Cr{sub 90}Ir{sub 10}){sub 100?y}V{sub y} alloy series with 0???y???14.3 to zero and search for effects of QC in the process. The magnetic properties and possible QC behaviour (QCB) in this alloy system were investigated through electrical resistivity (?), specific heat (C{sub p}), and susceptibility (?) measurements as a function of temperature (T), indicating that T{sub N} is suppressed to zero at a critical concentration y{sub c}???9. The Sommerfeld coefficient (?) is considered a key indicator of QCB and a peak is observed in ?(y) at y{sub c} on decreasing y through this concentration, followed by a sharp decreasing trend. This behaviour is reminiscent of that observed for ? of the prototypical Cr{sub 100?x}V{sub x} QC system and allows for the classification of y{sub c} in the (Cr{sub 90}Ir{sub 10}){sub 100?y}V{sub y} alloy system as a possible QC point.

Fernando, P. R.; Prinsloo, A. R. E., E-mail: alettap@uj.ac.za; Sheppard, C. J. [Department of Physics, University of Johannesburg, PO Box 524, Auckland Park 2006 (South Africa); Lodya, L. [Sasol Technology, Research and Development, 1 Klasie Havenga Road, Sasolburg 1947 (South Africa)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

265

Single-crystal structure of vanadium-doped La{sub 2}Mo{sub 2}O{sub 9}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high-precision X-ray diffraction study of single crystals of two compositions-La{sub 2}Mo{sub 1.78}V{sub 0.22}O{sub 8.89} and La{sub 2}Mo{sub 1.64}V{sub 0.36}O{sub 8.82}-was performed. In the vanadium-doped compounds, as in the structure of the metastable {beta}{sub ms} phase of pure La{sub 2}Mo{sub 2}O{sub 9}, the La and Mo atoms and one of the three oxygen atoms are displaced from the threefold axis, on which they are located in the high-temperature {beta} phase. The structure contains two partially occupied oxygen sites. It was shown that molybdenum atoms are partially replaced by vanadium atoms, which are not involved in the disordering, are located on the threefold axis, and are shifted toward one of the oxygen atoms. This is consistent with the temperature-induced changes in the structure of La{sub 2}Mo{sub 2}O{sub 9} and the changes in the properties of these crystals caused by the introduction of vanadium atoms into the structure.

Alekseeva, O. A., E-mail: olalex@ns.crys.ras.ru; Antipin, A. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation); Gagor, A.; Pietraszko, A. [Polish Academy of Sciences, Trzebiatowski Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research (Poland)] [Polish Academy of Sciences, Trzebiatowski Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research (Poland); Novikova, N. E.; Sorokina, N. I. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation); Kharitonova, E. P.; Voronkova, V. I. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)] [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

266

New simple A{sub 4} neutrino model for nonzero {theta}{sub 13} and large {delta}{sub CP}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a new simple application of the non-Abelian discrete symmetry A{sub 4} to charged-lepton and neutrino mass matrices, we show that for the current experimental central value of sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 13} Asymptotically-Equal-To 0.1, leptonic CP violation is necessarily large, i.e. Double-Vertical-Line tan{delta}{sub CP} Double-Vertical-Line > 1.3. We also consider T{sub 7} model with one parameter to be complex, thus allowing for one Dirac CP phase {delta}{sub CP} and two Majorana CP phases {alpha}{sub 1,2}. We find a slight modification to this correlation as a function of {delta}{sub CP}. For a given set of input values of {Delta}m{sup 2}{sub 21}, {Delta}m{sup 2}{sub 32}, {theta}{sub 12}, and {theta}{sub 13}, we obtain sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 23} and m{sub ee} (the effective Majorana neutrino mass in neutrinoless double beta decay) as functions of tan {delta}{sub CP}. We find that the structure of this model always yields small Double-Vertical-Line tan {delta}{sub CP} Double-Vertical-Line .

Ishimori, Hajime [Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

267

Communication: Imaging the effects of the antisymmetric-stretching excitation in the O({sup 3}P) + CH{sub 4}(v{sub 3} = 1) reaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effects of one-quantum excitation of the antisymmetric-stretching mode of CH{sub 4}(v{sub 3} = 1) on the O({sup 3}P) + CH{sub 4} reaction were studied in a crossed-beam, ion-imaging experiment. In the post-threshold region, we found that (1) the product state distributions are dominated by the CH{sub 3}(0{sub 0}) + OH(v{sup ?} = 1) pair, (2) the product angular distributions extend toward sideways from the backward dominance of the ground-state reaction, and (3) vibrational excitation exerts a positive effect on reactivity, but translational energy is more efficient in promoting the rate of this central-barrier reaction. All major findings agree reasonably well with recent theoretical results. Some remaining questions are pointed out.

Pan, Huilin [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences (IAMS), Academia Sinica, P. O. Box 23-166, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China) [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences (IAMS), Academia Sinica, P. O. Box 23-166, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China); Liu, Kopin, E-mail: kliu@po.iams.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences (IAMS), Academia Sinica, P. O. Box 23-166, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences (IAMS), Academia Sinica, P. O. Box 23-166, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

268

Hysteretic electrical transport in BaTiO{sub 3}/Ba{sub 1?x}Sr{sub x}TiO{sub 3}/Ge heterostructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present electrical transport measurements of heterostructures comprised of BaTiO{sub 3} and Ba{sub 1?x}Sr{sub x}TiO{sub 3} epitaxially grown on Ge. Sr alloying imparts compressive strain to the BaTiO{sub 3}, which enables the thermal expansion mismatch between BaTiO{sub 3} and Ge to be overcome to achieve c-axis oriented growth. The conduction bands of BaTiO{sub 3} and Ba{sub 1?x}Sr{sub x}TiO{sub 3} are nearly aligned with the conduction band of Ge, which facilitates electron transport. Electrical transport measurements through the dielectric stack exhibit rectifying behavior and hysteresis, where the latter is consistent with ferroelectric switching.

Ngai, J. H.; Kumah, D. P.; Walker, F. J. [Department of Applied Physics and Center for Research on Interface Structures and Phenomena, Yale University, 15 Prospect Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8284 (United States); Ahn, C. H. [Department of Applied Physics and Center for Research on Interface Structures and Phenomena, Yale University, 15 Prospect Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8284 (United States); Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Yale University, 10 Hillhouse Avenue, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8267 (United States)

2014-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

269

X-ray diffraction study of (TlInSe{sub 2}){sub 1-x}(TlGaTe{sub 2}){sub x} crystal system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crystallographic and dynamic characteristics of TlInSe{sub 2} and TlGaTe{sub 2} crystals have been studied by X-ray diffraction in the temperature range of 85-320 K. The temperature dependences of the unit-cell parameters a of TlInSe{sub 2} and TlGaTe{sub 2} crystals, as well as their coefficients of thermal expansion along the [100] direction, are determined. The concentration dependences of the unit-cell parameters a and c for (TlInSe{sub 2}){sub 1-x}(TlGaTe{sub 2}){sub x} crystals are measured. Anomalies are found in the temperature dependences of the unit-cell parameters a and, correspondingly, the coefficient of thermal expansion, indicating the existence of phase transitions in TlInSe{sub 2} and TlGaTe{sub 2} crystals.

Sheleg, A. U., E-mail: sheleg@ifttp.bas-net.by; Zub, E. M.; Yachkovskii, A. Ya. [National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, State Scientific and Production Association, Scientific and Practical Materials Research Center (Belarus); Mustafaeva, S. N.; Kerimova, E. M. [Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

Synthesis, structure and chemical bonding of CaFe{sub 2?x}Rh{sub x}Si{sub 2} (x=0, 1.32, and 2) and SrCo{sub 2}Si{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The finding of superconductivity in Ba{sub 0.6}K{sub 0.4}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} put the attention on the investigation of compounds that crystallize with ThCr{sub 2}Si{sub 2} structure type such as AT{sub 2}X{sub 2} (A=alkali/alkaline earth/rare earth element; T=transition metal and X=element of the 13–15th group). In this context the silicides CaFe{sub 2}Si{sub 2}, CaFe{sub 0.68(6)}Rh{sub 1.32(6)}Si{sub 2}, CaRh{sub 2}Si{sub 2} and SrCo{sub 2}Si{sub 2} have been synthesized by reaction of the elements under an argon atmosphere. Single crystals were obtained by special heat treatment in welded niobium/tantalum ampoules. The compounds were investigated by means of powder and single crystal X-ray diffraction. All compounds crystallize in the ThCr{sub 2}Si{sub 2}-type structure with space group I4/mmm (No. 139): a=3.939(1) Å, c=10.185(1) Å, R{sub 1}=0.045, 85 F{sup 2} values, 8 variable parameters for CaFe{sub 2}Si{sub 2}; a=4.0590(2) Å, c=9.9390(8) Å, R{sub 1}=0.030, 90 F{sup 2} values, 10 variable parameters for CaFe{sub 0.68(6)}Rh{sub 1.32(6)}Si{sub 2}; a=4.0695(1) Å, c=9.9841(3) Å, R{sub 1}=0.031, 114 F{sup 2} values, 9 variable parameters for CaRh{sub 2}Si{sub 2}; and a=3.974(1) Å, c=10.395(1) Å, R{sub 1}=0.036, 95 F{sup 2} values, 8 variable parameters for SrCo{sub 2}Si{sub 2}. The structure of SrCo{sub 2}Si{sub 2} contains isolated [Co{sub 2}Si{sub 2}]{sup 2?} 2D-layers in the ab-plane whereas in CaFe{sub 2?x}Rh{sub x}Si{sub 2} the [T{sub 2}Si{sub 2}] layers (T=Fe and Rh) are interconnected along the c-axis via Si3Si bonds resulting in a three-dimentional (3D) [T{sub 2}Si{sub 2}]{sup 2?} polyanions and therefore belong to the so-called collapsed form of the ThCr{sub 2}Si{sub 2}-type structure. The SrCo{sub 2}Si{sub 2} and CaRh{sub 2}Si{sub 2} are isoelectronic to the parent 122 iron–pnictide superconductors AeFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} (Ae=alkaline earth elements), whereas CaFe{sub 2}Si{sub 2} is a full substituted variant (As/Si) of CaFe{sub 2}As{sub 2}. The crystal chemistry and chemical bonding in the title compounds are discussed in terms of LMTO band structure calculations and a topological analysis using the Electron Localization Function (ELF). - Graphical abstract: The SrCo{sub 2}Si{sub 2} and CaFe{sub 2?x}Rh{sub x}Si{sub 2} (x==0, 1.32, and 2) crystallize in the ThCr{sub 2}Si{sub 2}-type. The structure of SrCo{sub 2}Si{sub 2} contains isolated [Co{sub 2}Si{sub 2}]{sup 2?} layers in the ab-plane, whereas the [T{sub 2}Si{sub 2}] layers in CaFe{sub 2?x}Rh{sub x}Si{sub 2} are interconnected along the c-axis via Si3Si bonds resulting in a [T{sub 2}Si{sub 2}]{sup 2?} network. - Highlights: • Synthesis and structure of ternary silicides SrCo{sub 2}Si{sub 2} and CaFe{sub 2?x}Rh{sub x}Si{sub 2} (x=0, 1.32, and 2). • The SrCo{sub 2}Si{sub 2} and CaRh{sub 2}Si{sub 2} are isoelectronic to the parent 122 iron–pnictide superconductors AeFe{sub 2}As{sub 2}. • CaFe{sub 2}Si{sub 2} is a full substituted variant (As/Si) of superconductor CaFe{sub 2}As{sub 2}. • The title compounds demonstrate the tunable Si3Si distances.

Hlukhyy, Viktor, E-mail: viktor.hlukhyy@lrz.tu-muenchen.de; Hoffmann, Andrea V.; Fässler, Thomas F.

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

Dynamics of the reaction of C{sub 3}(a{sup 3}?{sub u}) radicals with C{sub 2}H{sub 2}: A new source for the formation of C{sub 5}H  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reaction C{sub 3}(a{sup 3}?{sub u}) + C{sub 2}H{sub 2} ? C{sub 5}H + H was investigated at collision energy 10.9 kcal mol{sup ?1} that is less than the enthalpy of ground-state reaction C{sub 3}(X{sup 1}?{sub g}{sup +}) + C{sub 2}H{sub 2} ? C{sub 5}H + H. C{sub 3}(a{sup 3}?{sub u}) radicals were synthesized from 1% C{sub 4}F{sub 6}/He by pulsed high-voltage discharge. The title reaction was conducted in a crossed molecular-beam apparatus equipped with a quadrupole-mass filter. Product C{sub 5}H was interrogated with time-of-flight spectroscopy and synchrotron vacuum-ultraviolet ionization. Reactant C{sub 3}(a{sup 3}?{sub u}) and product C{sub 5}H were identified using photoionization spectroscopy. The ionization thresholds of C{sub 3}(X{sup 1}?{sub g}{sup +}) and C{sub 3}(a{sup 3}?{sub u}) are determined as 11.6 ± 0.2 eV and 10.0 ± 0.2 eV, respectively. The C{sub 5}H product is identified as linear pentynylidyne that has an ionization energy 8.4 ± 0.2 eV. The title reaction releases translational energy 10.6 kcal mol{sup ?1} in average and has an isotropic product angular distribution. The quantum-chemical calculation indicates that the C{sub 3}(a{sup 3}?{sub u}) radical attacks one of the carbon atoms of C{sub 2}H{sub 2} and subsequently a hydrogen atom is ejected to form C{sub 5}H + H, in good agreement with the experimental observation. As far as we are aware, the C{sub 3}(a{sup 3}?{sub u}) + C{sub 2}H{sub 2} reaction is investigated for the first time. This work gives an implication for the formation of C{sub 5}H from the C{sub 3}(a{sup 3}?{sub u}) + C{sub 2}H{sub 2} reaction occurring in a combustion or discharge process of C{sub 2}H{sub 2}.

Huang, Wen-Jian; Sun, Yi-Lun; Chin, Chih-Hao; Lee, Shih-Huang, E-mail: shlee@nsrrc.org.tw [National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center (NSRRC), 101 Hsin-Ann Road, Hsinchu Science Park, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China)

2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

272

Flux creep and critcal-current anisotropy in Bi/sub 2/Sr/sub 2/CaCu/sub 2/O/sub 8+//sub delta/  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied magnetic relaxation, temperature dependence of the critical currents, magnetic irreversibility, and lower critical fields in single crystals of the high-T/sub c/ superconductor Bi/sub 2/Sr/sub 2/CaCu/sub 2/O/sub 8+//sub delta/ (idealized composition) through magnetization measurements. The results are analyzed within the framework of the critical state and a thermally activated flux-creep model. The results indicate three different critical curents and flux-creep rates depending on the relative orientation of the current, the field, and the Cu-O planes. The flux-creep rate for flux lines moving perpendicular to the planes, was found to be unobservably low. Similarly, the critical current density perpendicular to the planes was very low. However the critical current density in the plane and the flux-pinning well depth U/sub 0/, for fluxon motion parallel to the planes, are similar to the values found in Y-Ba-Cu-O. Implications of insulating layers between the Cu-O planes are discussed.

Biggs, B.D.; Kunchur, M.N.; Lin, J.J.; Poon, S.J.; Askew, T.R.; Flippen, R.B.; Subramanian, M.A.; Gopalakrishnan, J.; Sleight, A.W.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

New hypodiphosphates of the alkali metals: Synthesis, crystal structure and vibrational spectra of the hypodiphosphates(IV) M{sub 2}[(H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})(H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})] (M=Rb and Cs)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The new hypodiphosphates(IV) Rb{sub 2}[(H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})(H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})] (1) and Cs{sub 2}[(H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})(H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})] (2) were synthesized by soft chemistry reactions from aqueous solutions of hypophosphoric acid and the corresponding heavy alkali-metal carbonates. Their crystal structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Both compounds crystallize isotypic in the triclinic space group P-1 with one formula unit in the unit cell. The structures are built up by discrete (H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}){sup 2-} and (H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}) units in staggered conformation for the P{sub 2}O{sub 6} skeleton and the corresponding alkali-metal cations. In the (H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}){sup 2-} ion the hydrogen atoms are in a 'trans-trans' conformation. O{center_dot}H-O hydrogen bonds between the (H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}){sup 2-} and (H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}) groups consolidate the structures into a three-dimensional network. The FT-Raman and {sup 31}P and {sup 1}H and MAS NMR spectra of the title compounds have been recorded and interpreted, especially with respect to their assignment to the (H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}){sup 2-} and (H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}) groups. Thermogravimetric data of 2 have been interpreted in terms of a thermal decomposition model. - Graphical Abstract: The layered compounds Rb{sub 2}[(H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})(H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})] and Cs{sub 2}[(H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})(H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})] have been synthesized and investigated. Both crystallize isotypic. The structures are built up by discrete (H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}){sup 2-} and (H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}) units and the corresponding alkali-metal cations. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Synthesis and single-crystal structure of new alkali hypodiphosphates. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Structures are characterized by [(H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})(H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6})]{sup 2-} units and M{sup +} cations. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer (H{sub 2}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}){sup 2-} and (H{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 6}) units are linked by short hydrogen bonds. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Both compounds are characterized by {sup 31}P MAS-NMR spectra.

Wu, Peng [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie der TU Clausthal, Paul-Ernst-Strasse 4, D-38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany)] [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie der TU Clausthal, Paul-Ernst-Strasse 4, D-38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany); Wiegand, Thomas; Eckert, Hellmut [Institut fuer Physikalische Chemie and Graduate School of Chemistry, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstr. 28/30, D-48149 Muenster (Germany)] [Institut fuer Physikalische Chemie and Graduate School of Chemistry, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstr. 28/30, D-48149 Muenster (Germany); Gjikaj, Mimoza, E-mail: mimoza.gjikaj@tu-clausthal.de [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie der TU Clausthal, Paul-Ernst-Strasse 4, D-38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany)] [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie der TU Clausthal, Paul-Ernst-Strasse 4, D-38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

274

Directed-energy electron-beam processing of a hypoeutectic Cr/sub 90/Ta/sub 10/ alloy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A hypoeutectic Cr/sub 90/Ta/sub 10/ alloy was processed using a directed-energy electron-beam surface melting and resolidification technique to study its microstructure evolution during rapid solidification. The power of the electron beam was 2500 W and the scan speed ranged from 0.13 to 2.0 m/sec. Microstructure characteristics such as transitions from planar front to dendritic growth, and from cellular to dendritic growth were observed. At low solidification rate, the interdendritic regions are characterized by the Cr/Cr/sub 2/Ta eutectic, and at high solidification rate the intercellular regions are characterized by a Cr/sub 2/Ta phase. For the latter, the distribution of Ta-solute across the interior of a cell is very uniform. In a given sample, the primary cell spacing increases as the solidification front moves from the substrate/regrowth interface toward the surface. The solidification parameters, i.e., temperature gradient and growth velocity, were determined with finite-element heat flow analyses. The observed microstructure characteristics were correlated to these parameters using available theoretical models. 9 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

Huang, J.S.; Kaufmann, E.N.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Li{sub 2}Si{sub 3}O{sub 7}: Crystal structure and Raman spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crystal structure of metastable Li{sub 2}Si{sub 3}O{sub 7} was determined from single crystal X-ray diffraction data. The orthorhombic crystals were found to adopt space group Pmca with unit cell parameters of a=19.648(3)A, b=5.9969(8)A and c=4.8691(6)A. The content of the cell is Z=4. The obtained structural model was refined to a R-value of 0.035. The structure exhibits silicate sheets, which can be classified as {l_brace}uB,2,1{sub {approx}}{sup 2}{r_brace}[Si{sub 6}O{sub 14}] using the silicate nomenclature of Liebau. The layers are build up from zweier single chains running parallel to c. Raman spectra are presented and compared with other silicates. Furthermore, the structure is discussed versus Na{sub 2}Si{sub 3}O{sub 7}.

Krueger, Hannes [Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 52, 6020 Innsbruck (Austria)], E-mail: Hannes.Krueger@uibk.ac.at; Kahlenberg, Volker [Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 52, 6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Kaindl, Reinhard [Christian-Doppler-Laboratory for Advanced Hard Coatings at the Institute of Mineralogy and Petrography, University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck (Austria)

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

276

Electroluminescence and phototrigger effect in single crystals of GaS{sub x}Se{sub 1-x} alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of switching and electroluminescence as well as the interrelation between these effects in single crystals of GaS{sub x}Se{sub 1-x} alloys are detected and studied. It is established that the threshold voltage for switching depends on temperature, resistivity, and composition of alloys, and also on the intensity and spectrum of photoactive light. As a result, a phototrigger effect is observed; this effect arises under irradiation with light from the fundamental-absorption region. Electroluminescence is observed in the subthreshold region of the current-voltage characteristic; the electroluminescence intensity decreases drastically to zero as the sample is switched from a high-resistivity state to a low-resistivity state. Experimental data indicating that the electroluminescence and the switching effect are based on the injection mechanism (as it takes place in other layered crystals of the III-V type) are reported.

Kyazym-Zade, A. G., E-mail: bsu_aydin@yahoo.com; Salmanov, V. M.; Mokhtari, A. G.; Dadashova, V. V.; Agaeva, A. A. [Baku State University (Azerbaijan)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

Scintillator having a MgAI.sub.2O.sub.4 host lattice  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A scintillator having a host lattice of MgAl.sub.2O.sub.4 was prepared by hot pressing under a vacuum environment a powder mixture of MgAl.sub.2O.sub.4, CeO.sub.2, and LiF.

Chen, Ching-Fong (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

278

Hydrothermal synthesis and the crystal structure of borate cancrinite (Na,Ca){sub 2}[Na{sub 6}(AlSiO{sub 4}){sub 6}](BO{sub 3}) . 2H{sub 2}O  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transparent prismatic single crystals of borate cancrinite (Na,Ca){sub 2}[Na{sub 6}(AlSiO{sub 4}){sub 6}](BO{sub 3}) . 2H{sub 2}O are prepared through hydrothermal crystallization. The parameters of the hexagonal unit cell and intensities of 10806 reflections are measured on an Enraf-Nonius CAD4 automated diffractometer. The compound crystallizes in the hexagonal crystal system with the unit cell parameters a = 12.745(4) A, c = 5.180(2) A, V = 728.6(4) A{sup 3}, and space group P6{sub 3}. The structure is determined by direct methods and refined using the full-matrix least-squares procedure in the anisotropic approximation for the non-hydrogen atoms. The refinement of the structure is performed to the final discrepancy factor R{sub 1} = 0.027 for 2889 unique reflections with I > 2 {sigma} (I). In the structure of the borate cancrinite, the AlO{sub 4} and SiO{sub 4} tetrahedra form a zeolite-like framework in which twelve-membered hexagonal channels are occupied by sodium atoms and BO{sub 3} groups, whereas six-membered channels are filled with sodium and calcium atoms and water molecules. The mean interatomic distances are found to be as follows: (Si-O){sub mean} = 1.614 A and (Al-O){sub mean} = 1.741 A in the AlO{sub 4} and SiO{sub 4} tetrahedra, (Na-O){sub mean} = 2.542 A in the seven-vertex sodium polyhedra, and [(Na,Ca)-O]{sub mean} = 2.589 A in the ditrigonal bipyramids.

Shirinova, A. F. [Baku State University (Azerbaijan)], E-mail: afashf@rambler.ru; Khrustalev, V. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds (Russian Federation); Samedov, H. R. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Chemical Problems (Azerbaijan); Chiragov, M. I. [Baku State University (Azerbaijan)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

279

Results of the LSND search for {ovr {nu}}{sub {mu}} {yields} {ovr {nu}}{sub e} oscillations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A search for {ovr {nu}}{sub {mu}}{yields}{ovr {nu}}{sub e} oscillations has been conducted at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility by using {ovr {nu}}{sub {mu}} from {mu}{sup +} decay at rest. The {ovr {nu}}{sub e} are detected via the reaction {ovr {nu}}{sub e}p {yields} e{sup +} n , correlated with a {gamma} from np {yields} d{gamma} (2.2 MeV). The use of tight cuts to identify e{sup +} events with correlated {gamma} rays yields 22 events with e{sup +} energy between 36 and 60 MeV and only 4.6 {plus_minus} 0.6 background events. The probability that this observation can be explained by statistical fluctuation is less than 10{sup -7}. Assuming these events are due to oscillations, a likelihood fit to all the e{sup +} events between 20 and 60 MeV has been performed to extract the oscillation parameters sin{sup 2} 2{theta} and {Delta}m{sup 2}. The favored region resulting from this fit is shown.

Federspiel, F.J.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Northwest Regional Technology Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Northwest Regional Technology Center for Homeland Security The Northwest Regional Technology Center and deployment of technologies that are effective homeland security solutions for the region, and accelerate technology transfer to the national user community. Foster a collaborative spirit across agencies

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region nerc sub" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Micro-Raman spectroscopic study of nanolaminated Ti{sub 5}Al{sub 2}C{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Micro-Raman spectroscopic study and lattice dynamics calculations were conducted to study a recently identified layered ternary carbide, Ti{sub 5}Al{sub 2}C{sub 3}. The experimental Raman shifts were remarkably consistent with the calculated values. Polarized Raman spectrum was collected in the polycrystalline sample, which confirmed the theoretical symmetry assignment of the Raman modes. In addition, the atomic vibrations of the peaks at 192?cm{sup ?1}, 311?cm{sup ?1}, and 660?cm{sup ?1} were identified to be the combination of the counterparts in Ti{sub 2}AlC and Ti{sub 3}AlC{sub 2}.

Zhang, H.; Li, Z. J. [Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Wang, X. H. [Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016 (China); Xiang, H. M.; Zhou, Y. C, E-mail: yczhou714@gmail.com [Science and Technology of Advanced Functional Composite Laboratory, ARIMPT, No.1 South Dahongmen Road, Beijing 100076 (China)

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

282

Thermoelectric properties of M{sub 2}Mo{sub 6}Se{sub 6} (M =Tl,In)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors have measured the thermal conductivity of Tl{sub 2}Mo{sub 6}Se{sub 6}, a quasi-one dimensional conductor which belongs to the family of M{sub 2}Mo{sub 6}X{sub 6} linear chain compounds. Using these results and the measurements of the Seebeck coefficient and the electrical conductivity the authors estimate the dimensionless figure of merit to be of the order of 0.08. This result suggest that this compound and other related compounds are good potential TE.

Verebelyi, D.T.; Payne, J.E.; Tessema, G.X.; Mengistu, E.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Magnetic and electrical properties of layered magnets Tl(Cr,Mn,Co)Se{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tl(Cr,Mn,Co)Se{sub 2} crystals were synthesized at T {approx} 1050 K. X-ray diffraction analysis showed that TlCrSe{sub 2}, TlMnSe{sub 2}, and TlCoSe{sub 2} compounds crystallize in the hexagonal crystal system with the lattice parameters: a = 3.6999 A, c = 22.6901 A, c/a {approx} 6.133, z = 3, {rho}{sub x} = 6.209 g/cm{sup 3}; a = 6.53 A, c = 23.96 A, c/a {approx} 3.669, z = 8, {rho}{sub x} = 6.71 g/cm{sup 3}; and a = 3.747 A, c = 22.772 A, c/a {approx} 6.077, z = 3, {rho}{sub x} = 7.577 g/cm{sup 3}, respectively. Magnetic and electrical studies in the temperature range from 80-400 K showed that TlCrSe{sub 2} is a semiconductor ferromagnet, TlMnSe{sub 2} is a semiconductor antiferromagnet, and TlCoSe{sub 2} is a ferrimagnet with a conductivity characteristic of metals. A rather large deviation in the experimental effective magnetic moment for TlCrSe{sub 2} (3.05 {mu}B) from the theoretical value (3.85 {mu}B) is attributed to two-dimensional magnetic ordering in the paramagnetic region of the noticeably layered ferromagnet TlCrSe{sub 2}. In TlCrSe{sub 2}, a correlation between magnetic and electrical properties was detected.

Veliyev, R. G.; Sadikhov, R. Z.; Kerimova, E. M., E-mail: ekerimova@physics.ab.az; Asadov, Yu. G.; Jabbarov, A. I. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

284

Thickness dependence of magnetoelectric response for composites of Pb(Zr{sub 0.52}Ti{sub 0.48})O{sub 3} films on CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ceramic substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using chemical solution spin-coating we grew Pb(Zr{sub 0.52}Ti{sub 0.48})O{sub 3} films of different thicknesses on highly dense CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ceramics. X-ray diffraction revealed no other phases except Pb(Zr{sub 0.52}Ti{sub 0.48})O{sub 3} and CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}. In many of these samples we observed typical ferroelectric hysteresis loops, butterfly-shaped piezoelectric strains, and the magnetic-field-dependent magnetostriction. These behaviors caused appreciable magnetoelectric responses based on magnetic-mechanical-electric coupling. Our results indicated that the thickness of the Pb(Zr{sub 0.52}Ti{sub 0.48})O{sub 3} film was important in obtaining strong magnetoelectric coupling.

Wang, Jing, E-mail: wang-jing@nuaa.edu.cn; Zhu, Kongjun [State Key Laboratory of Mechanics and Control of Mechanical Structures, College of Aerospace Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016 (China); Wu, Xia; Deng, Chaoyong [School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025 (China); Peng, Renci; Wang, Jianjun [School of Materials Science and Engineering, and State Key Lab of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

285

THE CHEMISTRY OF HO{sub 2}NO{sub 2} AND THE PHOTOCHEMISTRY OF THE HO{sub X}-NO{sub X}-CO{sub X} SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this work were: (1) to investigate formation and destruction reactions of peroxynitric acid, HO{sub 2}NO{sub 2} and (2) to study the photochemistry and kinetics of the HO{sub x} - NO{sub x} - CO{sub x} system were also studied. Investigations were done using infrared spectroscopy to observe the behavior of species involved with the reactions of interest. Several techniques were used, including expansion of reactants into an evacuated cell, static cell decays under constant illumination, and periodic photolysis of flow systems, Infrared absorption cross sections were obtained for CO, CO{sub 2}, NO, NO{sub 2}, N{sub 2}O{sub 5}, HNO{sub 3}, H{sub 2}O{sub 2}, and H{sub 2}O. The spectroscopic measurements were used to derive kinetic information on the systems under study,

Littlejohn, David

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Correlation Between Grain and Grain-Boundary Critical Current Densities in ex situ Coated Conductors with Variable YBa<sub>2sub>Cu>3sub>O>7- ?sub> Layer Thickness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dependence of the percolative critical current density at low magnetic fields on YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} (YBCO) layer thickness is studied by comparing grain, J{sub c}{sup G}, and grain-boundary, J{sub c}{sup GB}, critical current densities for a series of ex situ processed YBCO films on a RABiTS template. Both critical current densities decrease as a function of thickness and the values of J{sub c}{sup G} and J{sub c}{sup GB} show a clear correlation which suggests the existence of an interaction between Abrikosov-Josephson vortices on the grain boundaries and Abrikosov vortices in the bulk of the grains. This opens the possibility to improve J{sub c}{sup GB} by optimizing the pinning capabilities of the grains.

Palau, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Puig, T. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Obradors, X. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Feenstra, Roeland [ORNL; Gapud, Albert Agcaoili [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Composition dependence of the photophysical and photocatalytic properties of (AgNbO{sub 3}){sub 1-x}(NaNbO{sub 3}){sub x} solid solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of orthorhombic photocatalysts (AgNbO{sub 3}){sub 1-x}(NaNbO{sub 3}){sub x} solid solutions have been synthesized by a solid-state reaction method. The composition dependence of the photophysical and photocatalytic properties of synthesized solid solutions has been investigated systematically. With an increase in the content of NaNbO{sub 3}, we found that (1) the lattice parameters decreased; (2) the Nb-O bond length in NbO{sub 6} octahedron reduced; (3) the band gap increased; and (4) the mean particle size decreased while the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area increased. Photocatalytic activities of the (AgNbO{sub 3}){sub 1-x}(NaNbO{sub 3}){sub x} (0{<=}x{<=}0.5) samples were evaluated from gaseous 2-propanol (IPA) decomposition into acetone and CO{sub 2} under visible-light irradiation emitted from blue-light-emitting diodes (BLEDs; light intensity: 0.01 mW cm{sup -2}). Among all the samples, the (AgNbO{sub 3}){sub 0.6}(NaNbO{sub 3}){sub 0.4} sample showed the highest photocatalytic activity. - Graphical abstract: A series of orthorhombic photocatalysts (AgNbO{sub 3}){sub 1-x}(NaNbO{sub 3}){sub x} solid solutions have been synthesized by a solid-state reaction method. The composition dependence of the photophysical and photocatalytic properties of synthesized solid solutions has been investigated systematically. The solid solutions show higher visible-light photocatalytic activities for gaseous IPA decomposition in comparison with AgNbO{sub 3}, although the light intensity is 0.01 mW cm{sup -2}. Rate of acetone evolution under visible-light irradiation as a function of NaNbO{sub 3} content in (AgNbO{sub 3}){sub 1-x}(NaNbO{sub 3}){sub x}. The inset is the spectrum of BLEDs. The light intensity is 0.01 mW cm{sup -2}.

Li Guoqiang [Photocatalytic Materials Center (PCMC), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Ecomaterials and Renewable Energy Research Center (ERERC), Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Kako, Tetsuya; Wang Defa [Photocatalytic Materials Center (PCMC), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan); Zou Zhigang [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Ecomaterials and Renewable Energy Research Center (ERERC), Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Ye Jinhua [Photocatalytic Materials Center (PCMC), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan)], E-mail: Jinhua.YE@nims.go.jp

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

Low temperature and magnetic field behaviour of the (Cr{sub 84}Re{sub 16}){sub 89.6}V{sub 10.4} alloy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of the temperature (T) dependence of the magnetic susceptibility (?) and electrical resistance (R) on an antiferromagnetic (AFM) (Cr{sub 84}Re{sub 16}){sub 89.6}V{sub 10.4} alloy are reported in order to probe the existence of quantum critical behaviour (QCB) utilizing static magnetic fields (H) as a tuning parameter. The results indicate that an increase in H suppresses T{sub N} in such a way that it varies exponentially with increasing H. R(T) measurements show evidence of possible superconducting (SC) behaviour below 1?K at H?=?0?T. These results therefore indicate the coexistence of the AFM and SC phases in the (Cr{sub 84}Re{sub 16}){sub 89.6}V{sub 10.4} alloy.

Jacobs, B. S., E-mail: sjacobs@uj.ac.za; Sheppard, C. J.; Prinsloo, A. R. E. [Department of Physics, University of Johannesburg, P.O. Box 524, Auckland Park 2006 (South Africa); Lodya, L. [Sasol Technology, Research and Development, 1 Klasie Havenga Road, Sasolburg 1947 (South Africa)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

289

THE c2d SPITZER SPECTROSCOPIC SURVEY OF ICES AROUND LOW-MASS YOUNG STELLAR OBJECTS. IV. NH{sub 3} AND CH{sub 3}OH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NH{sub 3} and CH{sub 3}OH are key molecules in astrochemical networks leading to the formation of more complex N- and O-bearing molecules, such as CH{sub 3}CN and CH{sub 3}OCH{sub 3}. Despite a number of recent studies, little is known about their abundances in the solid state. This is particularly the case for low-mass protostars, for which only the launch of the Spitzer Space Telescope has permitted high-sensitivity observations of the ices around these objects. In this work, we investigate the {approx}8-10 {mu}m region in the Spitzer IRS (InfraRed Spectrograph) spectra of 41 low-mass young stellar objects (YSOs). These data are part of a survey of interstellar ices in a sample of low-mass YSOs studied in earlier papers in this series. We used both an empirical and a local continuum method to correct for the contribution from the 10 {mu}m silicate absorption in the recorded spectra. In addition, we conducted a systematic laboratory study of NH{sub 3}- and CH{sub 3}OH-containing ices to help interpret the astronomical spectra. We clearly detect a feature at {approx}9 {mu}m in 24 low-mass YSOs. Within the uncertainty in continuum determination, we identify this feature with the NH{sub 3} {nu}{sub 2} umbrella mode and derive abundances with respect to water between {approx}2% and 15%. Simultaneously, we also revisited the case of CH{sub 3}OH ice by studying the {nu}{sub 4} C-O stretch mode of this molecule at {approx}9.7 {mu}m in 16 objects, yielding abundances consistent with those derived by Boogert et al. based on a simultaneous 9.75 and 3.53 {mu}m data analysis. Our study indicates that NH{sub 3} is present primarily in H{sub 2}O-rich ices, but that in some cases, such ices are insufficient to explain the observed narrow FWHM. The laboratory data point to CH{sub 3}OH being in an almost pure methanol ice, or mixed mainly with CO or CO{sub 2}, consistent with its formation through hydrogenation on grains. Finally, we use our derived NH{sub 3} abundances in combination with previously published abundances of other solid N-bearing species to find that up to 10%-20% of nitrogen is locked up in known ices.

Bottinelli, Sandrine; Van Dishoeck, Ewine F.; Lahuis, Fred [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, NL 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Boogert, A. C. Adwin [IPAC, NASA Herschel Science Center, Mail Code 100-22, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Bouwman, Jordy; Beckwith, Martha; Oeberg, Karin I.; Linnartz, Harold [Raymond and Beverly Sackler Laboratory for Astrophysics, Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, NL 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Pontoppidan, Klaus M.; Blake, Geoffrey A. [California Institute of Technology, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Evans, Neal J., E-mail: sandrine.bottinelli@cesr.f [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C1400, Austin, TX 78712-0259 (United States)

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Synthesis and nonlinear optical properties of BaTi(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} and Ba{sub 3}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 6}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} crystals in glasses with high TiO{sub 2} contents  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ternary BaO-TiO{sub 2}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses containing a large amount of TiO{sub 2} (20-40mol%) are prepared, and their optical basicities ({lambda}), the formation, structural features and second-order optical nonlinearities of BaTi(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} and Ba{sub 3}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 6}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} crystals are examined to develop new nonlinear optical materials. It is found that the glasses with high TiO{sub 2} contents of 30-40mol% show large optical basicities of {lambda}=0.81-0.87, suggesting the high polarizabity of TiO{sub n} polyhedra (n=4-6) in the glasses. BaTi(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} and Ba{sub 3}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 6}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} crystals are found to be formed as main crystalline phases in the glasses. It is found that BaTi(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} crystals tend to orient at the surface of crystallized glasses. The new XRD pattern for the Ba{sub 3}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 6}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} phase is proposed through Rietvelt analysis. The second harmonic intensities of crystallized glasses were found to be 0.8 times as large as {alpha}-quartz powders, i.e., I{sup 2{omega}}(sample)/I{sup 2{omega}}({alpha}-quartz)=0.8, for the sample with BaTi(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} crystals and to be I{sup 2{omega}}(sample)/I{sup 2{omega}}({alpha}-quartz)=68 for the sample with Ba{sub 3}Ti{sub 3}O{sub 6}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} crystals. The Raman scattering spectra for these two crystalline phases are measured for the first time and their structural features are discussed.

Kosaka, Shinji [Department of Chemistry, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan); Benino, Yasuhiko [Department of Chemistry, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan); Fujiwara, Takumi [Department of Chemistry, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan); Dimitrov, Vesselin [Department of Silicate Technology, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 8 Kl, Ohridki Blvd., Sofia 1756 (Bulgaria); Komatsu, Takayuki [Department of Chemistry, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)]. E-mail: komatsu@chem.nagaokaut.ac.jp

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

Measurements of line strengths in the HO sub 2. nu. sub 1 overtone band at 1. 5. mu. m using an InGaAsP laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hydroperoxyl radical, HO{sub 2}, is a pivotal atmospheric species, being closely coupled to OH, the most important oxidant in both tropospheric and stratospheric chemistry. The authors report the first observation of resolved rotational-vibrational overtone (2{nu}{sub 1}) absorptions of the hydroperoxyl radical (HO{sub 2}) in the 1.5-{mu}m region, using two-tone frequency modulation spectroscopy (TTFMS) with an InGaAsP laser diode and White-cell optics. Photolysis of Cl{sub 2}/H{sub 2}O{sub 2} mixtures was used to produce the HO{sub 2}, and the concentration was determined by modulated-photolysis UV absorption spectroscopy. The line center adsorption cross sections for the strongest lines ranged between 1.3 {times} 10{sup {minus}20} and 10 {times} 10{sup {minus}20} cm{sup 2} molecule{sup {minus}1} under Doppler-limited conditions. For the strongest line this corresponds to an integrated line strength S of 1.6 {times} 10{sup {minus}21} cm{sup 2} molecule{sup {minus}1} cm{sup {minus}1}, a line strength of the same order of magnitude as lines previously observed in the relatively weak {nu}{sub 1} fundamental.

Johnson, T.J.; Wienhold, F.G.; Burrows, J.P.; Harris, G.W. (Max Planck Inst. for Chemistry, Mainz (Germany)); Burkhard, H. (DBP Telekom Research Inst., Darmstadt (Germany))

1991-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

292

Optical constants and crystal chemical parameters of Sc{sub 2}W{sub 3}O{sub 12}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Single crystal growth of Sc{sub 2}W{sub 3}O{sub 12}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Optical constants of Sc{sub 2}W{sub 3}O{sub 12} redetermined. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Difference between obs. and calc. polarizabilities attributed to crystal structure. -- Abstract: The refractive indices of Sc{sub 2}W{sub 3}O{sub 12}, measured at wavelengths of 435.8-643.8 nm, were used to calculate n{sub a} = 1.7331, n{sub b} = 1.7510, n{sub c} = 1.7586 at {lambda} = 589.3 nm and n{sub {infinity}} values at {lambda} = {infinity} from a one-term Sellmeier equation. Mean refractive indices, Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket n{sub D} Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket , and mean dispersion values, Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket A Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket , are, respectively, 1.7475 and 110 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -16} m{sup 2}. Total electronic polarizabilities, {alpha}{sub obs}, were calculated from n{sub {infinity}} and the Lorenz-Lorentz equation. The unusually large difference between the observed polarizability of 28.415 Angstrom-Sign {sup 3} and the calculated total polarizability {alpha}{sub T} of 26.74 Angstrom-Sign {sup 3} ({Delta} = +6.3%) is attributed to (1) a large M-O-W angle, and (2) a high degree of W 5d-O 2p and Sc nd-O 2p hybridization, where n signifies unspecified Sc d orbitals.

Shannon, Robert D., E-mail: bob@theshannons.net [Geological Sciences/CIRES, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Medenbach, Olaf [Institut fuer Mineralogie, Fakultaet fuer Geowissenschaften, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, Universitaetsstrasse 150, D-44780 Bochum (Germany)] [Institut fuer Mineralogie, Fakultaet fuer Geowissenschaften, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, Universitaetsstrasse 150, D-44780 Bochum (Germany); Mizoguchi, Hiroshi; Subramanian, M.A. [Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-4003 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-4003 (United States); Fischer, Reinhard X. [Universitaet Bremen, FB 5 Geowissenschaften, Klagenfurter Strasse, D-28359 Bremen (Germany)] [Universitaet Bremen, FB 5 Geowissenschaften, Klagenfurter Strasse, D-28359 Bremen (Germany)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Synthesis and structural characterization of the ternary Zintl phases AE{sub 3}Al{sub 2}Pn{sub 4} and AE{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}Pn{sub 4} (AE=Ca, Sr, Ba, Eu; Pn=P, As)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ten new ternary phosphides and arsenides with empirical formulae AE{sub 3}Al{sub 2}Pn{sub 4} and AE{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}Pn{sub 4} (AE=Ca, Sr, Ba, Eu; Pn=P, As) have been synthesized using molten Ga, Al, and Pb fluxes. They have been structurally characterized by single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction to form with two different structures-Ca{sub 3}Al{sub 2}P{sub 4}, Sr{sub 3}Al{sub 2}As{sub 4}, Eu{sub 3}Al{sub 2}P{sub 4}, Eu{sub 3}Al{sub 2}As{sub 4}, Ca{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}P{sub 4}, Sr{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}P{sub 4}, Sr{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}As{sub 4}, and Eu{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}As{sub 4} crystallize with the Ca{sub 3}Al{sub 2}As{sub 4} structure type (space group C2/c, Z=4); Ba{sub 3}Al{sub 2}P{sub 4} and Ba{sub 3}Al{sub 2}As{sub 4} adopt the Na{sub 3}Fe{sub 2}S{sub 4} structure type (space group Pnma, Z=4). The polyanions in both structures are made up of TrPn{sub 4} tetrahedra, which share common corners and edges to form {sup 2}{sub {infinity}}[TrPn{sub 2}]{sub 3-} layers in the phases with the Ca{sub 3}Al{sub 2}As{sub 4} structure, and {sup 1}{sub {infinity}}[TrPn{sub 2}]{sub 3-} chains in Ba{sub 3}Al{sub 2}P{sub 4} and Ba{sub 3}Al{sub 2}As{sub 4} with the Na{sub 3}Fe{sub 2}S{sub 4} structure type. The valence electron count for all of these compounds follows the Zintl-Klemm rules. Electronic band structure calculations confirm them to be semiconductors. - Graphical abstract: AE{sub 3}Al{sub 2}Pn{sub 4} and AE{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}Pn{sub 4} (AE=Ca, Sr, Ba, Eu; Pn=P, As) crystallize in two different structures-Ca{sub 3}Al{sub 2}P{sub 4}, Sr{sub 3}Al{sub 2}As{sub 4}, Eu{sub 3}Al{sub 2}P{sub 4}, Eu{sub 3}Al{sub 2}As{sub 4}, Ca{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}P{sub 4}, Sr{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}P{sub 4}, Sr{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}As{sub 4}, and Eu{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}As{sub 4}, are isotypic with the previously reported Ca{sub 3}Al{sub 2}As{sub 4} (space group C2/c (No. 15)), while Ba{sub 3}Al{sub 2}P{sub 4} and Ba{sub 3}Al{sub 2}As{sub 4} adopt a different structure known for Na{sub 3}Fe{sub 2}S{sub 4} (space group Pnma (No. 62). The polyanions in both structures are made up of TrPn{sub 4} tetrahedra, which by sharing common corners and edges, form {sup 2}{sub {infinity}}[TrPn{sub 2}]{sub 3-}layers in the former and {sup 1}{sub {infinity}}[TrPn{sub 2}]{sub 3-} chains in Ba{sub 3}Al{sub 2}P{sub 4} and Ba{sub 3}Al{sub 2}As{sub 4}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer AE{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}Pn{sub 4} (AE=Ca, Sr, Ba, Eu; Pn=P, As) are new ternary pnictides. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ba{sub 3}Al{sub 2}P{sub 4} and Ba{sub 3}Al{sub 2}As{sub 4} adopt the Na{sub 3}Fe{sub 2}S{sub 4} structure type. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The Sr- and Ca-compounds crystallize with the Ca{sub 3}Al{sub 2}As{sub 4} structure type. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The valence electron count for all title compounds follows the Zintl-Klemm rules.

He, Hua; Tyson, Chauntae; Saito, Maia [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Bobev, Svilen, E-mail: bobev@udel.edu [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

Three-dimensional topological insulators Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3}, and Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 2}Se - a microwave spectroscopy study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results of investigations of three-dimensional topological insulators from a family of bismuth compounds performed in electron spin resonance spectrometer. Next to the standard spin resonance spectra in Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3} originating from bulk conduction electrons (g{sub Verbar;} = 27.5 ± 0.1 and g{sub ?} = 19.5 ± 0.1), we observed also cyclotron resonance due to topological surface states in Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} and non-resonant signal related to weak anti-localization in Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 2}Se. The analysis of the cyclotron resonance signal yields low Fermi velocity equal to 3250 m/s in Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}. The phase coherence length determined from weak anti-localization signal equals to 550 nm at low temperatures in Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 2}Se. Relation of the signals to bulk, topological surface or two-dimensional quantum well states is discussed and where possible indicated.

Wolos, A. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw, Poland and Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland); Drabinska, A.; Szyszko, S.; Kaminska, M. [Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul Hoza 69, 00-681 Warsaw (Poland); Strzelecka, S. G.; Hruban, A.; Materna, A.; Piersa, M. [Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, ul. Wolczynska 133, 01-919 Warsaw (Poland)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

295

Hydrothermal synthesis, structure and magnetic properties of a new three-dimensional iron arsenate [C{sub 6}N{sub 4}H{sub 21}][Fe{sup III}{sub 3}(HAsO{sub 4}){sub 6}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A hydrothermal reaction of a mixture of iron oxalate, arsenic pentoxide, hydrofluoric acid and triethylenetetramine (TETA) at 150deg. C for 48h gives rise to a new iron arsenate [C{sub 6}N{sub 4}H{sub 21}][Fe{sub 3}(HAsO{sub 4}){sub 6}], I. The structure consists of a network of FeO{sub 6} and AsO{sub 4} building units connected through their vertices giving rise to a new secondary building unit, SBU-5. The SBU-5 units are through their corners forming a three-dimensional structure possessing one-dimensional channels bound by 8-T atoms (T=Fe, As). The formation of SBU-5 units is noteworthy. Variable temperature magnetic studies indicate antiferromagnetic interactions between the Fe centers with T{sub N} of 21.9K. Crystal data: M=1156.36, monoclinic, space group=C2/c (no. 15), a=18.422(3)A, b=8.8527(13)A, c=16.169(2)A, {beta}=111.592(2){sup o}, V=2451.9(6)A{sup 3}, Z=8, {rho}{sub calc}=3.037gcm{sup -3}, {mu}(Mo K{alpha})=9.903mm{sup -1}, R{sub 1}=0.0358, wR{sub 2}=0.0763, S=1.140 for 234 parameters.

Rao, Vandavasi Koteswara [Framework Solids Laboratory, Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012 (India); Natarajan, Srinivasan [Framework Solids Laboratory, Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012 (India)]. E-mail: snatarajan@sscu.iisc.ernet.in

2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

296

Rational design of gold catalysts with enhanced thermal stability: post modification of Au/TiO<sub>2sub> by amorphous SiO<sub>2sub> matrix  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Au/TiO{sub 2} is highly active for CO oxidation, but it often suffers from sintering in high-temperature environments. In this work, we report on a novel design of gold catalysts, in which pre-formed Au/TiO{sub 2} catalysts were post decorated by amorphous SiO{sub 2} to suppress the agglomeration of gold particles. Even after being aged in O{sub 2}-He at 700 C, the SiO{sub 2}-decorated Au/TiO{sub 2} was still active for CO oxidation at ambient temperature.

Zhu, Haoguo [ORNL; Ma, Zhen [ORNL; Overbury, Steven {Steve} H [ORNL; Dai, Sheng [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Transport properties of discontinuous Co{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} multilayers, prepared by ion beam sputtering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ion beam sputtered Co{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}(t)/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}(30 {angstrom}) multilayers were obtained. The Co{sub 80}Fe{sub 20} layers become discontinuous for nominal thicknesses T {le} 18{angstrom}. Tunnel magnetoresistance was measured in CIP and CPP geometries, reaching up to 6.5% at room temperature and 11% at 15 K, for as-deposited films in CIP geometry. The temperature dependence of MR was found quite different for the two geometries: fairly strong in the CIP case and almost absent in the CPP geometry. A model is proposed to explain these large differences in behavior.

Kakazei, G.N.; Freitas, P.P.; Cardoso, S.; Lopes, A.M.L.; Pereira de Azevedo, M.M.; Pogorelov, Y.G.; Sousa, J.B.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Infrared-optical spectroscopy of transparent conducting perovskite (La,Ba)SnO{sub 3} thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed optical transmission, reflection, spectroscopic ellipsometry, and Hall effect measurements on the electron-doped La{sub x}Ba{sub 1–x}SnO{sub 3} (x?=?0.04) transparent thin films. From the infrared Drude response and plasma frequency analysis we determine the effective mass of the conducting electron m*?=?0.35m{sub 0}. In the visible-UV region the optical band gap shifts to high energy in (La,Ba)SnO{sub 3} by 0.18?eV compared with undoped BaSnO{sub 3} which, in the context of the Burstein-Moss analysis, is consistent with the infrared-m*. m* of BaSnO{sub 3} is compared with other existing transparent conducting oxides (TCO), and implication on search for high-mobility TCO compounds is discussed.

Seo, Dongmin; Yu, Kwangnam; Jun Chang, Young; Choi, E. J., E-mail: echoi@uos.ac.kr [Department of Physics, University of Seoul, Seoul 130-743 (Korea, Republic of); Sohn, Egon; Hoon Kim, Kee [Center for Novel States of Complex Materials Research, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

299

Dispersion states and acid properties of SiO{sub 2}-supported Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}/SiO{sub 2} samples were prepared by the incipient-wetness impregnation method using niobium oxalate aqueous solution. The microstructure and dispersion process of the niobia species supported on SiO{sub 2} were characterized by means of power X-ray diffraction (XRD), laser Raman spectroscopy (LRS), and UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV–vis DRS). The acid properties were investigated by the method of Hammett indicator and Pyridine adsorption infrared (Py-IR) spectroscopy. The results showed that the dispersion process of Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} was performed by consuming surface hydroxyl groups of the amorphous SiO{sub 2} support. The aggregation of niobia species led to the formation of microcrystalline particles, so that there was no a clear monolayer dispersion capacity for Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} supported on amorphous SiO{sub 2}. Furthermore, the catalytic activities of the as-prepared samples were evaluated by the condensation reaction of iso-butene (IB) and iso-butyraldehyde (IBA) to form 2,5-dimethyl-2,4-hexadiene (DMHD). The catalytic activities of the as-prepared samples for the condensation and their acid properties were strongly affected by the dispersion states. - Graphical abstract: The acid amount and strength of Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}/SiO{sub 2} samples varied with the increase of Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} loading. The catalytic activities of the as-prepared samples for the condensation and their acid properties were strongly affected by the dispersion states. - Highlights: • The dispersed process of Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} was completed by consuming surface hydroxyl groups of SiO{sub 2}. • XRD quantitative phase analysis is not applicable for oxides dispersing on amorphous support. • The catalytic activity of Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}/SiO{sub 2} is closely related to the dispersion state of SiO{sub 2}.

He, Jie, E-mail: jhe@aust.edu.cn [School of Chemical Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001 (China); Li, Qing-Jie [School of Chemical Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001 (China); Fan, Yi-Ning [Key Laboratory of Mesoscopic Chemistry of MOE, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

300

Direct observation of tetrahertz electromagnetic waves emitted from intrinsic Josephson junctions in single crystallie Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}}.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have observed intense, coherent, continuous and monochromatic electromagnetic (EM) emission at terahertz frequencies generated from a single crystalline mesa structure of the high-T{sub c} superconductor Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} intrinsic Josephson junction system. The mesa is fabricated by the Argon-ion-milling and photolithography techniques on the cleaved surface of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}} single crystal. The frequency, {nu}, of the EM radiation observed from the sample obeys simple relations: {nu} = c/n{lambda} = c/2nw and {nu} = 2eV/hN, where c is the light velocity in vacuum, n the refractive index of a superconductor, {lambda} the wave length of the EM emission in vacuum, w the shorter width of the mesa, V the voltage applied to the mesa, N the number of layers of intrinsic Josephson junctions, e and h are the elementary charge and the Planck constant, respectively. These two relations strongly imply that the mechanism of the emission is, firstly, due to the geometrical resonance of EM waves to the mesa like a cavity resonance occuring in the mesa structure, and forming standing waves as cavity resonance modes, and secondly, due to the ac-Josephson effect, which works coherently in all intrinsic Josephson junctions. The peculiar temperature dependence of the power intensity emitted form samples shows a broad maximum in a temperature region between 20 and 40 K, suggesting that the nonequilibrium effect plays an essential role for the emission of EM waves in this system. The estimated total power is significantly improved in comparison with the previous report [L. Ozyuzer et al., Science 318 (2007) 1291, K. Kadowaki, et al., Physica C 437-438 (2006) 111, I.E. Batov, et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 88 (2006) 262504], and reached as high as 5 {micro}W from single mesa with w = 60 {micro}m at 648 GHz, which enables us to use it for some of applications. So far, we succeeded in fabricating the mesa emitting EM waves up to 960 GHz in the fundamental mode in the w = 40 {micro}m mesa, whereas the higher harmonics up to the 4-th order were observed, resulting in a frequency exceeding 2.5 THz. In sharp contrast to the previous reports [K. Kadowaki, et al., Physica C 437-438 (2006) 111, M.-H. Bae, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, (2007) 027002], all the present measurements were done in zero magnetic field. Lastly, a plausible theoretical model for the mechanism of emission is discussed.

Kadowaki, K.; Yamaguchi, H.; Kawamata, K.; Yamamoto, T.; Minami, H.; Kakeya, I.; Welp, U.; Ozyuzer, L.; Koshelev, A.; Kurter, C.; Gray, K. E.; Kwok, W.-K.; Materials Science Division; Univ. of Tsukuba; Izmir Inst. of Tech.; Illinois Inst. of Tech.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

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301

Polar nanoregions and dielectric properties in high-strain lead-free 0.93(Bi{sub 1/2}Na{sub 1/2})TiO{sub 3}-0.07BaTiO{sub 3} piezoelectric single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A structural coexistence of rhombohedral (R) and tetragonal (T) phases has been revealed in the (001){sub c}-cut lead-free 0.93(Bi{sub 1/2}Na{sub 1/2})TiO{sub 3}–0.07BaTiO{sub 3} (BNB7T) piezoelectric crystals, which grown by the self-flux method, in the lower temperatures by high-resolution synchrotron X-ray diffraction, reciprocal space mapping, and transmission electron microscopy. The dielectric permittivity exhibits a thermal hysteresis in the region of 120–260?°C, implying a first-order-like phase transition from R+T to T. The real part (??) of dielectric permittivity begins to deviates from the Curie-Weiss equation, ???=?C/(T ? T{sub o}), from the Burns temperature T{sub B}?=?460?°C, below which the polar nanoregions (or nanoclusters) develop and attenuate dielectric responses. The polar nanoregions of 5–10?nm were revealed by high-resolution transmission electron microscope. The normal piezoelectric coefficient d{sub 33} exhibits a rapid increase at E?=?15–20?kV/cm and reaches a maximum of d{sub 33} ?450 pC/N. The high piezoelectric response and E-field induced strain in BNB7T single crystals can be attributed to structural phase transitions under an E-field application.

Chen, Cheng-Sao, E-mail: rickchen@cc.hwh.edu.tw [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hwa-Hsia Institute of Technology, New Taipei City 23567, Taiwan (China); Chen, Pin-Yi [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ming-Chi University of Technology, New Taipei City 24301, Taiwan (China); Tu, Chi-Shun [Graduate Institute of Applied Science and Engineering, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City 24205, Taiwan (China)

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

302

Phase transitions in K{sub 3}AlF{sub 6}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase transitions in the elpasolite-type K{sub 3}AlF{sub 6} complex fluoride were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry, electron diffraction and X-ray powder diffraction. Three phase transitions were identified with critical temperatures T{sub 1}=132 deg. C, T{sub 2}=153 deg. C and T{sub 3}=306 deg. C. The {alpha}-K{sub 3}AlF{sub 6} phase is stable below T{sub 1} and crystallizes in a monoclinic unit cell with a=18.8588(2)A, b=34.0278(2)A, c=18.9231(1)A, {beta}=90.453(1){sup o} (a=2a{sub c}-c{sub c}, b=4b{sub c}, c=a{sub c}+2c{sub c}; a{sub c}, b{sub c}, c{sub c}-the basic lattice vectors of the face-centered cubic elpasolite structure) and space group I2/a or Ia. The intermediate {beta} phase exists only in very narrow temperature interval between T{sub 1} and T{sub 2}. The {gamma} polymorph is stable in the T{sub 2}sub 3} temperature range and has an orthorhombic unit cell with a=36.1229(6)A, b=17.1114(3)A, c=12.0502(3)A (a=3a{sub c}-3c{sub c}, b=2b{sub c}, c=a{sub c}+c{sub c}) at 250 deg. C and space group Fddd. Above T{sub 3} the cubic {delta} polymorph forms with a{sub c}=8.5786(4)A at 400 deg. C and space group Fm3-bar m. The similarity between the K{sub 3}AlF{sub 6} and K{sub 3}MoO{sub 3}F{sub 3} compounds is discussed.

Abakumov, Artem M. [Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, Moscow 119992 (Russian Federation)]. E-mail: abakumov@icr.chem.msu.ru; Rossell, Marta D. [EMAT, University of Antwerp, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerp (Belgium); Alekseeva, Anastasiya M. [Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, Moscow 119992 (Russian Federation); Vassiliev, Sergey Yu. [Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, Moscow 119992 (Russian Federation); Mudrezova, Svetlana N. [Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, Moscow 119992 (Russian Federation); Tendeloo, Gustaaf van [EMAT, University of Antwerp, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerp (Belgium); Antipov, Evgeny V. [Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, Moscow 119992 (Russian Federation)

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

Spillover sites on a 19% Ni/Al sub 2 O sub 3 catalyst  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two distinct methanation sites are clearly identified on a 19% Ni/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst by temperature-programmed reaction (TPR) employing isotope labeling. The two sites, which are present after reduction at 975 K, are due to CO adsorption on Ni crystallites and CO and H spillover onto the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} support. The concentration of sites on the support is 250 {mu}mol/G Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (5 {times} 10{sup 13} molecules/cm{sup 2}), which is the same value measured for a 5.1% Ni/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst and for a 1.0% Ru/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst. Temperature-programmed desorption suggest that the CO and H on the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} are in the form of a H-CO complex. The formation of this complex is an activated process, which is related to the activated adsorption of H{sub 2}. The H{sub 2} that adsorbs between 300 and 385 K is responsible for this spillover process onto the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Isotope labeling and TPR were used to verify that a H-CO complex does not form on Ni/SiO{sub 2} catalysts. Carbon monoxide adsorption on Ni/SiO{sub 2} was not activated and only one methanation site was seen.

Sen, B.; Falconer, J.L. (Univ. of Colorado, Boulder (USA))

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Catalytic process for control of NO<sub>x sub>emissions using hydrogen  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A selective catalytic reduction process with a palladium catalyst for reducing NOx in a gas, using hydrogen as a reducing agent. A zirconium sulfate (ZrO<sub>2sub>)SO>4 sub>catalyst support material with about 0.01-2.0 wt. % Pd is applied to a catalytic bed positioned in a flow of exhaust gas at about 70-200.degree. C. The support material may be (ZrO<sub>2sub>--SiO>2sub>)SO>4sub>. H<sub>2sub>O and hydrogen may be injected into the exhaust gas upstream of the catalyst to a concentration of about 15-23 vol. % H<sub>2sub>O and a molar ratio for H<sub>2sub>/NO>x sub>in the range of 10-100. A hydrogen-containing fuel may be synthesized in an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle power plant for combustion in a gas turbine to produce the exhaust gas flow. A portion of the fuel may be diverted for the hydrogen injection.

Sobolevskiy, Anatoly; Rossin, Joseph A.; Knapke, Michael J.

2010-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

305

Seismic Modelling for the Sub-Basalt Imaging Problem Including an Analysis and Development of the Boundary Element Method   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The north-east Atlantic margin (NEAM) is important for hydrocarbon exploration because of the growing evidence of hydrocarbon reserves in the region. However, seismic exploration of the sub-surface is hampered by large ...

Dobson, Andrew

306

Synthesis and crystal structure of new layered BaNaSc(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} and BaNaY(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} orthoborates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crystals of two new layered BaNaSc(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} (I) and BaNaY(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} (II) orthoborates are grown from the melt-solution by the spontaneous crystallization onto the platinum loop. Single crystal X-ray analysis showed that the compounds are isostructural with the space group R3-bar, a=5.23944(12) and 5.3338(2) A, and c=34.5919(11) and 35.8303(19) A for I and II, respectively, Z=6. The distinctive feature of the structure is the close-packed composite anion-cation (Ba,Na)(BO{sub 3}) layers. The layers are combined into the base building packages of two types: {l_brace}M{sup 3+}[Ba{sup 2+}(BO{sub 3}){sup 3-}]{sub 2}{r_brace}{sup +} and {l_brace}M{sup 3+}[Na{sup +}(BO{sub 3}){sup 3-}]{sub 2}{r_brace}{sup -}, where M is Sc or Y. Neutral-charge two-package (four-layer) blocks are stacked by the rhombohedral principle into twelve layers of the cubic packing. - Graphical abstract: The distinctive feature of new orthoborate crystals BaNaSc(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} and BaNaY(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} is the combination of base building packages of two types: {l_brace}M{sup 3+}[Ba{sup 2+}(BO{sub 3}){sup 3-}]{sub 2}{r_brace}{sup +} and {l_brace}M{sup 3+}[Na{sup +}(BO{sub 3}){sup 3-}]{sub 2}{r_brace}{sup -}, where M is Sc or Y.

Seryotkin, Yurii V., E-mail: yuvs@uiggm.nsc.r [Institute of Geology and Mineralogy RAS, 3, Koptyuga avenue, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, 2, Pirogova street, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Bakakin, Vladimir V. [Institute of Inorganic Chemistry RAS, 3, Lavrentieva avenue, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Kokh, Aleksandr E.; Kononova, Nadezhda G. [Institute of Geology and Mineralogy RAS, 3, Koptyuga avenue, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Svetlyakova, Tatyana N. [Institute of Geology and Mineralogy RAS, 3, Koptyuga avenue, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, 2, Pirogova street, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Kokh, Konstantin A. [Institute of Geology and Mineralogy RAS, 3, Koptyuga avenue, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Drebushchak, Tatyana N. [Novosibirsk State University, 2, Pirogova street, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Institute of Solid State Chemistry and Mechanochemistry RAS, 18, Kutateladze street, 630128 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

Highly tunable electron transport in epitaxial topological insulator (Bi{sub 1-x}Sb{sub x}){sub 2}Te{sub 3} thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atomically smooth, single crystalline (Bi{sub 1-x}Sb{sub x}){sub 2}Te{sub 3} films have been grown on SrTiO{sub 3}(111) substrates by molecular beam epitaxy. A full range of Sb-Bi compositions have been studied in order to obtain the lowest possible bulk conductivity. For the samples with optimized Sb compositions (x=0.5{+-}0.1), the carrier type can be tuned from n-type to p-type across the whole thickness with the help of a back-gate. Linear magnetoresistance has been observed at gate voltages close to the maximum in the longitudinal resistance of a (Bi{sub 0.5}Sb{sub 0.5}){sub 2}Te{sub 3} sample. These highly tunable (Bi{sub 1-x}Sb{sub x}){sub 2}Te{sub 3} thin films provide an excellent platform to explore the intrinsic transport properties of the three-dimensional topological insulators.

He Xiaoyue; Guan Tong; Wang Xiuxia; Feng Baojie; Cheng Peng; Chen Lan; Li Yongqing; Wu Kehui [Institute of Physics, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

308

2014 REGIONAL ECONOMIC OUTLOOK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2014 REGIONAL ECONOMIC OUTLOOK #12;2014 REGIONAL ECONOMIC OUTLOOK 2014 Overview The Cincinnati USA Partnership for Economic Development and the Northern Kentucky Chamber of Commerce are pleased to present the 2014 Regional Economic Outlook. This report was prepared by the Cincinnati USA Partnership's Regional

Boyce, Richard L.

309

Crystal structures of the new diphosphates, K{sub 2}NiP{sub 2}O{sub 7} and K{sub 6}Sr{sub 2}Ni{sub 5}(P{sub 2}O{sub 7}){sub 5}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crystalline K{sub 2}NiP{sub 2}O{sub 7} (I): monoclinic, P{sub 2}{sub 1}, a = 9.230(2), b = 17.540(8), c = 8.319(9){angstrom}, {beta} = 91.44(2){degrees}, Z = 8, d{sub calc} = 3.067 g cm{sup -3}, {lambda}MoK{sub {alpha}} = 0.71069{angstrom}, R/R{sub w} = 6.5/9.4%, is characterized by the existence of face sharing NiO{sub 6} octahedra with Ni-Ni separation of 2.827{angstrom} (Ni-O; 1.93(2) - 2.17(2){angstrom}). K{sup +} is seen in sites of seven, six, and fivefold coordination (K-O, averages; 2.83(2), 2.81(2), and 2.77(2){angstrom}, respectively). P{sub 2}O{sub 7}{sup 4-} groups are observed in semieclipsed conformation. K{sub 6}Sr{sub 2}Ni{sub 5}(P{sub 2}O{sub 7}){sub 5} (II) crystallizes in monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}/c; a = 11.038(7), b = 9.533(13), c = 7.438(2){angstrom}, {beta} = 100.13(4){degrees}, D{sub calc} = 3.309 g cm{sup -3}, Z = 2, R/R{sub w} = 6.4/8.1%. Nickel atoms are distributed on planes parallel to the crystallographic (100) plane at x = 0 and x = 0.5. On the planes, x = 0, Ni{sup 2+} ions form successive linked trimers of edge sharing NiO{sub 6} octahedra (Ni-Ni, 3.018(1), 3.008(1){angstrom}; Ni-O, av 2.07(2){angstrom}). The intermediate planes (x=0.5) contain isolated and six coordinate Ni{sup 2+} ions (Ni-O av. 2.09(2){angstrom}). Seven-coordinate potassium ions (K-O, av. 2.74(2){angstrom}) are located on intermediate planes at x = 0.25 and 0.75. P{sub 2}O{sub 7}{sup 4-} groups are found in eclipsed conformation. Strontium atoms are located between nickel and potassium planes and are surrounded by seven oxygen atoms (Sr-O, av. 2.586(2){angstrom}).

ElMaadi, A.; Boukhari, A.; Holt, E.M. [Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Conservation Regional ConservationRegional Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Northwest Power and Conservation Council Regional ConservationRegional Conservation Update and Conservation CouncilConservation Council January 24, 2007 #12;slide 2 Northwest Power and Conservation Council?"" #12;slide 3 Northwest Power and Conservation Council PNW Energy Efficiency AchievementsPNW Energy

311

Strain induced Z{sub 2} topological insulating state of ?-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Topological insulators are non-trivial quantum states of matter which exhibit a gap in the electronic structure of their bulk form, but a gapless metallic electronic spectrum at the surface. Here, we predict a uniaxial strain induced electronic topological transition (ETT) from a band to topological insulating state in the rhombohedral phase (space group: R3{sup ¯}m) of As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} (?-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3}) through first-principles calculations including spin-orbit coupling within density functional theory. The ETT in ?-As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} is shown to occur at the uniaxial strain ?{sub zz}?=??0.05 (?{sub zz}?=?1.77?GPa), passing through a Weyl metallic state with a single Dirac cone in its electronic structure at the ? point. We demonstrate the ETT through band inversion and reversal of parity of the top of the valence and bottom of the conduction bands leading to change in the ?{sub 2} topological invariant ?{sub 0} from 0 to 1 across the transition. Based on its electronic structure and phonon dispersion, we propose ultra-thin films of As{sub 2}Te{sub 3} to be promising for use in ultra-thin stress sensors, charge pumps, and thermoelectrics.

Pal, Koushik [Chemistry and Physics of Materials Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore 560064 (India); Theoretical Sciences Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore 560064 (India); Waghmare, Umesh V., E-mail: waghmare@jncasr.ac.in [Theoretical Sciences Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore 560064 (India)

2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

312

Thermal conductivity of Zn{sub 4{minus}x}Cd{sub x}Sb{sub 3} solid solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

{beta}-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} was recently identified at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory as a new high performance p-type thermoelectric material with a maximum dimensionless thermoelectric figure of merit ZT of 1.4 at a temperature of 673K. A usual approach, used for many state-of-the-art thermoelectric materials, to further improve ZT values is to alloy {beta}-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} with isostructural compounds because of the expected decrease in lattice thermal conductivity. The authors have grown Zn{sub 4{minus}x}Cd{sub x}Sb{sub 3} crystals with 0.2 {le} x < 1.2 and measured their thermal conductivity from 10 to 500K. The thermal conductivity values of Zn{sub 4{minus}x}Cd{sub x}Sb{sub 3} alloys are significantly lower than those measured for {beta}-Zn{sub 4}Sb{sub 3} and are comparable to its calculated minimum thermal conductivity. A strong atomic disorder is believed to be primarily at the origin of the very low thermal conductivity of these materials which are also fairly good electrical conductors and are therefore excellent candidates for thermoelectric applications.

Caillat, T.; Borshchevsky, A.; Fleurial, J.P.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Synthesis, Growth, and Properties of TlGa{sub 1-x}Yb{sub x}S{sub 2} Crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The synthesis of TlGa{sub 1-x}Yb{sub x}S{sub 2} single crystals with the partial substitution of ytterbium for gallium is described. Variations in the electric conductivity of grown crystals irradiated with X-rays of various intensities are measured.

Kerimova, E.M.; Mustafaeva, S.N.; Asadov, Yu.G.; Kerimov, R.N. [Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences, pr. Dzhavida 33, Baku, 370143 (Azerbaijan)

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

Topology and glass structure evolution in (BaO){sub x}((B{sub 2}O{sub 3}){sub 32}(SiO{sub 2}){sub 68}){sub 100?x} ternary—Evidence of rigid, intermediate, and flexible phases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine variations in the glass transition temperature (T{sub g}(x)), molar volume (V{sub m}(x)), and Raman scattering of titled glasses as a function of modifier (BaO) content in the 25% < x < 48% range. Three distinct regimes of behavior are observed; at low x, 24% < x < 29% range, the modifier largely polymerizes the backbone, T{sub g}(x) increase, features that we identify with the stressed-rigid elastic phase. At high x, 32% < x < 48% range, the modifier depolymerizes the network by creating non-bridging oxygen (NBO) atoms; in this regime T{sub g}(x) decreases, and networks are viewed to be in the flexible elastic phase. In the narrow intermediate x regime, 29% < x < 32% range, T{sub g}(x) shows a broad global maximum almost independent of x, and Raman mode scattering strengths and mode frequencies become relatively x-independent, V{sub m}(x) show a global minimum, features that we associate with the isostatically rigid elastic phase, also called the intermediate phase. In this phase, medium range structures adapt as revealed by the count of Lagrangian bonding constraints and Raman mode scattering strengths.

Holbrook, C. [AFRL/RYDP, 2241 Avionics Circle, B620, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433-7707 (United States)] [AFRL/RYDP, 2241 Avionics Circle, B620, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433-7707 (United States); Chakraborty, Shibalik; Ravindren, S.; Boolchand, P. [Department of Electrical and Computing Systems, College of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0030 (United States)] [Department of Electrical and Computing Systems, College of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0030 (United States); Goldstein, Jonathan T.; Stutz, C. E. [AFRL/RXAN, 3005 Hobson Way, B651, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433-7707 (United States)] [AFRL/RXAN, 3005 Hobson Way, B651, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433-7707 (United States)

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

315

Inhibition effects of N,N-dimethylalkylamines and octanethiol on iron corrosion in anhydrous acetonitrile solution containing FeCl{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polarization and impedance measurements were carried out on an iron electrode in an anhydrous acetonitrile solution of 0.1 M LiClO{sub 4} and 0.01 M FeCl{sub 3} containing organic corrosion inhibitors. The inhibitors investigated were N,N-dimethylalkylamines C{sub n}H{sub 2n+1}N(CH{sub 3}){sub 2} (C{sub n}DMA, n = 8, 12, 16, and 18) and octanethiol C{sub 8}H{sub 17}SH (C{sub 8}T). These compounds suppressed both cathodic and anodic processes of iron corrosion in the acetonitrile solution. The double-layer capacitances obtained from impedance data for the electrode inhibited with C{sub n}DMA were markedly lower in the potential region of the cathodic polarization curve than those for the uninhibited electrode. Ultraviolet and visible spectra of the FeCl{sub 3} acetonitrile solution containing C{sub n}DMA revealed the formation of a Fe{sup 3+} complex cation with C{sub n}DMA, and joint adsorption of the complex cation with Cl{sup {minus}} on the iron surface was substantiated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy of the surface treated with the solution. A surface thiolate of C{sub 8}T was formed by its chemisorption on the iron surface, resulting in a decrease in the double-layer capacitance and the cathodic and anodic current densities, respectively.

Aramaki, Kunitsugu; Kikuchi, Takeshi

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Solar reduction of CO.sub.2  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The red shift of the absorption spectrum of CO.sub.2 with increasing temperature permits the use of sunlight to photolyze CO.sub.2 to CO. The process of the present invention includes: preheating CO.sub.2 to near 1800 K; exposing the preheated CO.sub.2 to sunlight, whereby CO, O.sub.2 and O are produced; and cooling the hot product mix by rapid admixture with room temperature CO.sub.2. The excess thermal energy may be used to produce electricity and to heat additional CO.sub.2 for subsequent process steps. The product CO may be used to generate H.sub.2 by the shift reaction or to synthesize methanol.

Jensen, Reed J. (121 La Vista Dr., Los Alamos, NM 87544); Lyman, John L. (Los Alamos, NM); King, Joe D. (Los Alamos, NM); Guettler, Robert D. (Los Alamos, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Structural studies of the metal-rich region in the ternary Ta-Nb-S system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Six new solid solution type compounds have been prepared using high temperature techniques and characterized by means of single crystal x-ray techniques during a study of the metal-rich region of the ternary Ta-Nb-S system. The structures of Nb{sub x}Ta{sub 11-x}S{sub 4} are reminiscent of niobium-rich sulfides, rather than of tantalum-rich sulfides. The coordinations of sulfur are capped trigonal prismatic while the metal coordinations are capped distorted cubic prismatic for Nb{sub x}Ta{sub 11-x}S{sub 4}, and capped distorted cubic prismatic and pentagonal prismatic for Nb{sub 12-x}Ta{sub x}S{sub 4}. The structures of Nb{sub x}Ta{sub 5-x}S{sub 2} contain homoatomic layers sequenced S-M3-M2-M1-M2-M3-S (M is mixed Nb, Ta) generating six-layer sheets, respectively. Weak S-S interactions at 3.26 and 3.19{Angstrom} between sheets contrast with the M-M binding within and between the sheets in these two novel layered compounds. The former are presumably responsible for the observed graphitic slippage of the samples. Nb{sub 21-x}Ta{sub x}S{sub 8} and Nb{sub x}Ta{sub 2-x}S are isostructural with Nb{sub 21}S{sub 8} and Ta{sub 2}S, respectively. Extended Hueckel band calculations were carried out for two layered compounds, Nb{sub x}Ta{sub 5-x}S{sub 2} (x {approx} 1.72) and Nb{sub x}ta{sub 2-x}S (x {approx} 0.95). Based upon band calculations metallic properties can be expected for these two layered compounds. The relative preference of the metal sites for the two metal elements (Ta, Nb) in two layered compounds is explained by the results of the band calculations. 17 figs., 31 tabs., 80 refs.

Yao, Xiaoqiang.

1991-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

318

Silicate layer formation at Pr{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Si(001) interfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We studied Pr{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Si(001) interfaces by synchrotron radiation photoelectron spectroscopy and by ab initio calculations. We show that the interface formed during molecular-beam epitaxy under the oxygen partial pressure above 1x10{sup -8} mbar consists of a mixed Si-Pr oxide, such as (Pr{sub 2}O{sub 3})(SiO){sub x}(SiO{sub 2}){sub y}. Neither an interfacial SiO{sub 2} nor an interfacial silicide is formed. The silicate formation is driven by a low energy of O in a PrOSi bond and by the strain in the subsurface SiO{sub x} layer. We expect that this natural interfacial Pr silicate will facilitate the integration of the high-k dielectric Pr{sub 2}O{sub 3} into future complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor technologies.

Schmeisser, D.; Muessig, H.-J.; Dabrowski, J. [Angewandte Physik-Sensorik, BTU Cottbus, Postfach 10 13 44, D-03013 Cottbus (Germany); IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, D-15236 Frankfurt (Germany)

2004-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

319

Band offsets in HfO{sub 2}/InGaZnO{sub 4} heterojunctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The valence band discontinuity ({Delta}E{sub V}) of sputter deposited HfO{sub 2}/InZnGaO{sub 4} (IGZO) heterostructures was obtained from x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements. The HfO{sub 2} exhibited a bandgap of 6.07 eV from absorption measurements. A value of {Delta}E{sub V} = 0.48 {+-} 0.025 eV was obtained by using the Ga 2p{sub 3/2}, Zn 2p{sub 3/2}, and In 3d{sub 5/2} energy levels as references. This implies a conduction band offset {Delta}E{sub C} of 2.39 eV in HfO{sub 2}/InGaZnO{sub 4} heterostructures and a nested interface band alignment.

Cho, Hyun [Department of Nanomechatronics Engineering, Pusan National University, Gyeongnam 627-706 (Korea, Republic of); Douglas, E. A.; Gila, B. P.; Craciun, V.; Lambers, E. S.; Pearton, S. J. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Ren Fan [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)

2012-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

320

Structural and conductivity studies of CsKSO{sub 4}Te(OH){sub 6} and Rb{sub 1.25}K{sub 0.75}SO{sub 4}Te(OH){sub 6} materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crystal structures of the title compounds were solved using the single-crystal X-ray diffraction technique. At room temperature CsKSO{sub 4}Te(OH){sub 6} was found to crystallize in the monoclinic system with Pn space group and lattice parameters: a=12.5463(6)A; b=6.5765(2)A; c=12.6916(7)A; {beta}=106.53(2){sup o}; V=1003.914(4)A{sup 3}; Z=4 and D{sub calc.}=3.29g/cm{sup 3}. The structural refinement has led to a reliability factor of R{sub 1}=0.0284 (wR{sub 2}=0.064) for 7577 independent reflections. Rb{sub 1.25}K{sub 0.75}SO{sub 4}Te(OH){sub 6} material possesses a monoclinic structure with space group P2{sub 1}/a and cell parameters: a=11.3411(6)A; b=6.5819(2)A; c=13.5730(8)A; {beta}=106.860(10){sup o}; V=969.62(10)A{sup 3}; Z=4 and D=3.16(3)g/cm{sup 3}. The residuals are R{sub 1}=0.0297 and wR{sub 2}=0.0776 for 3336 independent reflections. The main interest of these structures is the presence of two different and independent anionic groups (TeO{sub 6}{sup 6-} and SO{sub 4}{sup 2-}) in the same crystal. Complex impedance measurements (Z*=Z{sup '}-iZ{sup '}') have been undertaken in the frequency and temperature ranges 20-10{sup 6}Hz and 400-600K, respectively. The dielectric relaxation is studied in the complex modulus formalism M*.

Chabchoub, N. [Laboratoire de Physique Appliquee, Faculte des Sciences de Sfax, 3018 Sfax (Tunisia)]. E-mail: nizar_chabchoub@yahoo.fr; Darriet, J. [Institut de Chimie de la Matiere Condensee de Bordeaux, ICMCB-CNRS, 33608 Pessac cedex (France); Khemakhem, H. [Laboratoire de Physique Appliquee, Faculte des Sciences de Sfax, 3018 Sfax (Tunisia)

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region nerc sub" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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321

Hydrothermal synthesis, structure, and magnetic properties of Pu(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reaction between PuO{sub 2} and SeO{sub 2} under mild hydrothermal conditions results in the formation of Pu(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2} as brick-red prisms. This compound adopts the Ce(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2} structure type, and consists of one-dimensional chains of edge-sharing [PuO{sub 8}] distorted bicapped trigonal prisms linked by [SeO{sub 3}] units into a three-dimensional network. Crystallographic data: Pu(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2}, monoclinic, space group P2{sub 1}/n, a=6.960(1) A, b=10.547(2) A, c=7.245(1) A, {beta}=106.880(9){sup o}, V=508.98(17) A{sup 3}, Z=4 (T=193 K), R(F)=2.92% for 83 parameters with 1140 reflections with I>2{sigma}(I). Magnetic susceptibility data for Pu(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2} are linear from 35 to 320 K and yield an effective moment of 2.71(5) {mu}{sub B} and a Weiss constant of -500(5) K. - Graphical abstract: A depiction of the three-dimensional structure of Pu(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2} formed from the interconnection of one-dimensional chains of edge-sharing PuO{sub 8} dodecahedra by selenite anions.

Bray, Travis H. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Center for Actinide Science, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 (United States); Skanthakumar, S.; Soderholm, L. [Chemistry Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Sykora, Richard E. [Department of Chemistry, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL 36688 (United States); Haire, Richard G. [Chemical Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Albrecht-Schmitt, Thomas E. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Center for Actinide Science, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 (United States)], E-mail: albreth@auburn.edu

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

322

Adsorption sites in zeolites A and X probed by competitive adsorption of H{sub 2} with N{sub 2} or O{sub 2} : implications for N{sub 2}/O{sub 2} separation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We determine details of the adsorption of O{sub 2} or N{sub 2} in Na{sup +} and Li{sup +} exchanged zeolites by way of their effect on coadsorbed H{sub 2} molecules using inelastic neutron scattering (INS) techniques. Adsorption site occupancies are deduced with the aid of MC simulations. The expected stronger binding of N{sub 2} (compared with O{sub 2}) in LiX is evident in coadsorption spectra of N{sub 2} or O{sub 2} with H{sub 2}.

Eckert, J.

1998-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

323

Effective passivation of In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As by HfO{sub 2} surpassing Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} via in-situ atomic layer deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High {kappa} gate dielectrics of HfO{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} were deposited on molecular beam epitaxy-grown In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As pristine surface using in-situ atomic-layer-deposition (ALD) without any surface treatment or passivation layer. The ALD-HfO{sub 2}/p-In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As interface showed notable reduction in the interfacial density of states (D{sub it}), deduced from quasi-static capacitance-voltage and conductance-voltage (G-V) at room temperature and 100 Degree-Sign C. More significantly, the midgap peak commonly observed in the D{sub it}(E) of ALD-oxides/In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As is now greatly diminished. The midgap D{sub it} value decreases from {>=}15 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} eV{sup -1} cm{sup -2} for ALD-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} to {approx}2-4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} eV{sup -1} cm{sup -2} for ALD-HfO{sub 2}. Further, thermal stability at 850 Degree-Sign C was achieved in the HfO{sub 2}/In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As, whereas C-V characteristics of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/p-In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As degraded after the high temperature annealing. From in-situ x-ray photoelectron spectra, the AsO{sub x}, which is not the oxidized state from the native oxide, but is an induced state from adsorption of trimethylaluminum and H{sub 2}O, was found at the ALD-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As interface, while that was not detected at the ALD-HfO{sub 2}/In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As interface.

Chang, Y. H.; Chiang, T. H. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Lin, C. A.; Liu, Y. T.; Lin, H. Y.; Huang, M. L.; Kwo, J. [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Lin, T. D.; Hong, M. [Graduate Institute of Applied Physics and Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Pi, T. W. [National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China)

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

324

Improvement of the physical properties of novel (1 ? y) Co{sub 0.8}Cu{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} + (y) SrTiO{sub 3} nanocomposite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: The ME coefficient as a function of magnetic field for the composites (1 ? y) Co{sub 0.8}Cu{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} + (y) SrTiO{sub 3} (y = 40, 50, 60 and 80%). Highlights: ? T{sub C} and M{sub s} decrease with the increase of SrTiO{sub 3} concentration. ? The P–E hysteresis loops were observed for all compositions. ? The maximum ME coefficient was observed for the composite with 60% SrTiO{sub 3}. - Abstract: Magnetoelectric (ME) nanocomposites (1 ? y) Co{sub 0.8}Cu{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} + (y) SrTiO{sub 3} (y = 40, 50, 60, 80 and 100%) were prepared by standard ceramic method. Phase formation was checked using X-ray diffraction analysis. Both saturation magnetization (M{sub s}) and Curie temperature (T{sub C}) decrease with increasing SrTiO{sub 3} content. Temperature dependence of the dielectric constant reveals two maxima, one about 550 K corresponds to non-stoichiometry and lattice distortions while the second around 900 K corresponds to the Curie temperature (T{sub C}). The large value of ME output is due to the strain induced by lattice distortion in the ferrite phase by Jahn–Teller ions like Cu. Hence, Jahn–Teller effect in the ferrite leads to polarization in the piezoelectric phase.

Ahmed, M.A., E-mail: moala47@hotmail.com [Materials Science Lab (1), Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza (Egypt); Mansour, S.F.; Abdo, M.A. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Zagazig University (Egypt)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

Controllable synthesis, magnetic and biocompatible properties of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} and {alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanocrystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Iron oxide nanocrystals (NCs) with a series of well-controlled morphologies (octahedron, rod, wire, cube and plate) and compositions (Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} and {alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}) were synthesized via a facile hydrothermal process. The morphological and compositional control of various iron oxide NCs was based on the regulations of precursor thermolysis kinetics and surfactants. The obtained samples were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, SQUID and cytotoxicity test. These as-prepared iron oxide NCs showed excellent magnetic properties and good biocompatibility, paving the way for their high-efficiency bio-separation and bio-detection applications. - Graphical Abstract: Schematic illustration for the formation of iron oxide NCs (Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} and {alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}) with different controlled morphologies and compositions. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Iron oxide NCs with a series of well-controlled morphologies (octahedron, rod, wire, cube, and plate) and compositions (Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} and {alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}) were synthesized via a facile hydrothermal method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The mechanism of the morphological and compositional control process is directly related to precursor thermolysis kinetics and surfactants. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer These iron oxide NCs exhibited excellent magnetic response and good biocompatibility, which should have great applications in the cell separation and biodetection.

Zhou, Xi, E-mail: xizhou@xmu.edu.cn [Research Center of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Biomaterials, College of Materials, The Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering of Fujian Province, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China)] [Research Center of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Biomaterials, College of Materials, The Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering of Fujian Province, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China); Shi, Yanfeng; Ren, Lei [Research Center of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Biomaterials, College of Materials, The Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering of Fujian Province, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China)] [Research Center of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Biomaterials, College of Materials, The Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering of Fujian Province, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China); Bao, Shixiong [State Key Laboratory for Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces and Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China)] [State Key Laboratory for Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces and Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China); Han, Yu; Wu, Shichao; Zhang, Honggang; Zhong, Lubin [Research Center of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Biomaterials, College of Materials, The Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering of Fujian Province, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China)] [Research Center of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Biomaterials, College of Materials, The Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering of Fujian Province, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China); Zhang, Qiqing, E-mail: zhangqiq@xmu.edu.cn [Research Center of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Biomaterials, College of Materials, The Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering of Fujian Province, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China)] [Research Center of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Biomaterials, College of Materials, The Key Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering of Fujian Province, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

The effect of Ag on the decomposition pathway of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub x} in air  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The decomposition pathway of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub x} (Bi2212) in .21 bar O{sub 2} with 0, 2, and 10 wt.% Ag added has been determined by performing SEM/EDS and microprobe analysis on oil quenched samples. A series of quaternary phase diagrams were constructed to describe the evolution of the phase assemblage with temperature. It was found that the first decomposition products are Bi{sub 9}Sr{sub 11}Ca{sub 5}O{sub x} (9{und 11}5), (Sr{sub 1{minus}x}Ca{sub x})CuO{sub 2} (11), and liquid. The addition of Ag acted to depress the first peritectic temperature by 16--20 C and slightly modified the order in which some of the subliquidus solid phases nucleate and decompose. The effect of C on the peritectic melting temperature was examined through thermal analysis of powder samples.

Margulies, L.; Dennis, K.W.; Kramer, M.J.; McCallum, R.W. [Ames Lab., IA (United States)]|[Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

COMPOSITE ARCHITECTURES FOR SUB-600 DEGREE CELSIUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COMPOSITE ARCHITECTURES FOR SUB-600 DEGREE CELSIUS FUEL CELLS Prepared For: California Energy (EISG) PROGRAM FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS REPORT (FAR) COMPOSITE ARCHITECTURES FOR SUB-600o C FUEL CELLS EISG 1 Composite Architectures For Sub-600 O C Fuel Cells EISG Grant # 99-35 Awardee: University

328

Interfacial mode coupling as the origin of the enhancement of T<sub>c> in FeSe films on SrTiO<sub>3sub>  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Films of iron selenide (FeSe) one unit cell thick grown on strontium titanate (SrTiO<sub>3sub> or STO) substrates have recently shown superconducting energy gaps opening at temperatures close to the boiling point of liquid nitrogen (77 K), which is a record for the iron-based superconductors. The gap opening temperature usually sets the superconducting transition temperature T<sub>c>, as the gap signals the formation of Cooper pairs, the bound electron states responsible for superconductivity. To understand why Cooper pairs form at such high temperatures, we examine the role of the SrTiO<sub>3sub> substrate. Here we report high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy results that reveal an unexpected characteristic of the single-unit-cell FeSe/SrTiO<sub>3sub> system: shake-off bands suggesting the presence of bosonic modes, most probably oxygen optical phonons in SrTiO<sub>3sub>, which couple to the FeSe electrons with only a small momentum transfer. Such interfacial coupling assists superconductivity in most channels, including those mediated by spin fluctuations. Our calculations suggest that this coupling is responsible for raising the superconducting gap opening temperature in single-unit-cell FeSe/SrTiO<sub>3sub>.

Lee, J.J.; Schmitt, F.T.; Moore, R.G.; Johnston, S.; Cui, Y.-T.; Li, W.; Yi, M.; Liu, Z.K.; Hashimoto, M.; Zhang, Y.; Lu, D.H.; Devereaux, T.P.; Lee, D.-H.; Shen, Z.-X.

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

329

Microdomains, solid solutions and the {open_quotes}defect fluorite{close_quotes} to C-type sesquioxide transition in CeO{sub 2}-RO{sub 1.5} and ZrO{sub 2}-RO{sub 1.5} systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Satellite dark field (SDF) imaging is used to show that there is a definite change in symmetry on moving across the two phase region separating the so-called {open_quotes}defect fluorite{close_quotes} and C-type sesquioxide solid solution regions in (1-x)CeO{sub 2}.xRO{sub 1.5} and (1-x)ZrO{sub 2}.xRO{sub 1.5} systems. SDF images of the {open_quotes}defect fluorite{close_quotes} side of the two-phase region are characterized by a microdomain texture on the {approximately}100-200 {angstrom} scale and the local symmetry within any one of these microdomains is shown to be lower than cubic. Corresponding SDF images of the C-type sesquioxide side of the two-phase region are by contrast homogeneous and consistent with Ia3 space group symmetry. The nature of the local oxygen vacancy distribution on either side of the two-phase region is discussed and a possible model for the {open_quotes}defect fluorite{close_quotes} side of the two-phase region proposed.

Withers, R.L.; Thompson, J.G.; Gabbitas, N.; Wallenburg, L.R.; Welberry, T.R. [Australian National Univ., Canberra (Australia)] [Australian National Univ., Canberra (Australia)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Two-step behavior of initial oxidation at HfO{sub 2}/Si interface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In situ x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed that initial Si oxidation at the HfO{sub 2}/Si(001) interface in O{sub 2} proceeds in a two-step manner with an initial slow stage followed by a fast one. This transition in the oxidation process is most likely caused by crystallization of the HfO{sub 2} film. The first stage at 400-600 deg. C exhibited postdeposition annealing conditions suitable for suppressing the interfacial Si oxide in a monolayer region.

Miyata, Noriyuki [MIRAI, Advanced Semiconductor Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8562 (Japan)

2006-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

331

Dielectric, ferromagnetic and maganetoelectric properties of BaTiO{sub 3}–Ni{sub 0.7}Zn{sub 0.3}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} composite ceramics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • The lead-free ME ceramic composites BaTiO{sub 3}–Ni{sub 0.7}Zn{sub 0.3}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} were successfully synthesized. • The composites showed high dielectric constant and low dielectric loss. • The composite with 30% NiZn ferrite presented good soft magnetic properties and ME performance. - Abstract: Lead-free magnetoelectric composite ceramics (1 ? x)BaTiO{sub 3}–xNi{sub 0.7}Zn{sub 0.3}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (x = 0.15, 0.3, 0.45) were successfully prepared by conventional oxide ceramic process. The tetragonal perovskite BaTiO{sub 3} and cubic spinel Ni{sub 0.7}Zn{sub 0.3}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} were confirmed by X-ray diffraction. The dielectric behaviors of all composite samples show a normal response to the increasing measurement frequency and Ni{sub 0.7}Zn{sub 0.3}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ferrite content. Well defined ferromagnetic hysteresis loops and obvious magnetoelectric coupling effect are observed in the composite ceramics. The influence of applied dc bias magnetic field and Ni{sub 0.7}Zn{sub 0.3}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} ferrite content on the magnetoelectric coupling responding voltage is investigated. The strongest peak magnetoelectric coupling voltage coefficient is 124 ?V/cm Oe when x = 0.3, which corresponds to the maximum magnetoelectric coupling responding voltage of 200 ?V.

Zhang, Rong-Fen [Department of Electronic Science, College of Science, Key Laboratory of Functional Composite Materials of Guizhou Province, Guizhou University, Guiyang, Guizhou 550025 (China); Deng, Chao-Yong, E-mail: cydeng@gzu.edu.cn [Department of Electronic Science, College of Science, Key Laboratory of Functional Composite Materials of Guizhou Province, Guizhou University, Guiyang, Guizhou 550025 (China); Ren, Li [Department of Electronic Science, College of Science, Key Laboratory of Functional Composite Materials of Guizhou Province, Guizhou University, Guiyang, Guizhou 550025 (China); Li, Zheng [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Zhou, Jian-Ping [College of Physics and Information Technology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062 (China)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Phase coexistence in the mixed crystal Rb[sub 1-x](NH[sub 4])[sub x]H[sub 2]AsO[sub 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of the coexistence phenomenon in mixed crystals of rubidium ammonium dihydrogen arsenate has been done. Coexistence in this study refers to the simultaneous presence of ferroelectric and proton glass phases as temperature is lowered below the ferroelectric phase transition temperature T[sub c]. Such coexistence is found to exist in these mixed crystals only for small ammonium concentrations. The results show that coexistence exists for lower ammonium concentration than previously suggested. A study was also done on crystals with larger ammonium concentrations that show pure proton glass behavior and the results compared with the coexistence phenomenon. Dielectric, spontaneous polarization and nuclear magnetic resonance experiments on mixed crystals with small ammonium concentrations show that at low temperatures there exists intimate coexistence of ferroelectric clusters with proton glass clusters below the glass transition temperature T[sub g]. In the proton glass phase, it is observed that a spread of relaxation times due to the creation and annihilation of HAsO[sub 4] and H[sub 3]AsO[sub 4] pairs as they diffuse through the crystal. Spin lattice relaxation times for the acid deuterons in a 10% ammoniated sample show a broad T[sub 1] minimum near the glass transition temperature which is characteristic of proton glasses. Field-cooling experiments were also done on the pure proton glass. The results are consistent with dielectric measurements, but the remanent polarization was found to be extremely small. This polarization was found to depend on the rate of heating and cooling the sample while performing the experiment.

Pinto, N.J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Sub- and above barrier fusion of loosely bound $^6$Li with $^{28}$Si  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fusion excitation functions are measured for the system $^6$Li+$^{28}$Si using the characteristic $\\gamma$-ray method, encompassing both the sub-barrier and above barrier regions, viz., $E_{lab}$= 7-24 MeV. Two separate experiments were performed, one for the above barrier region ($E_{lab}$= 11-24 MeV) and another for the below barrier region ($E_{lab}$= 7-10 MeV). The results were compared with our previously measured fusion cross section for the $^7$Li+$^{28}$Si system. We observed enhancement of fusion cross section at sub-barrier regions for both $^6$Li and $^7$Li, but yield was substantially larger for $^6$Li. However, for well above barrier regions, similar type of suppression was identified for both the systems.

Mandira Sinha; H. Majumdar; P. Basu; Subinit Roy; R. Bhattacharya; M. Biswas; M. K. Pradhan; R. Palit; I. Mazumdar; S. Kailas

2010-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

334

Luminescence properties of a blue-emitting phosphor: (Sr{sub 1?x}Eu{sub x})Si{sub 9}Al{sub 19}ON{sub 31} (0  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Blue-emitting Sr{sub 1?x}Eu{sub x}Si{sub 9}Al{sub 19}ON{sub 31} phosphors were synthesized at 1800 °C for 2 h under 1 MPa N{sub 2} by using the gas-pressure sintering method (GPS). The microstructure, photoluminescence (PL) properties of the prepared phosphors were investigated. Under the 290 nm excitation, broad PL emission bands with peak positions at 448–490 nm were detected. The concentration quenching was not observed owing to the large distance betweenEu{sup 2+} ions that made the nonradiative energy transfer between neighboring Eu{sup 2+} ions difficult. The blue phosphor generally showed a small thermal quenching at low Eu{sup 2+} concentrations. The absorption and external quantum efficiency of the synthesized Sr{sub 0.5}Eu{sub 0.5}Si{sub 9}Al{sub 19}ON{sub 31} were 85% and 62% upon the 365 nm excitation, respectively. The interesting PL results indicate that Sr{sub 1?x}Eu{sub x}Si{sub 9}Al{sub 19}ON{sub 31} has great potentials as a blue phosphor for white LEDs applications. - Graphical abstract: Sr{sub 0.7}Eu{sub 0.3}Si{sub 9}Al{sub 19}ON{sub 31} gives blue-emitting at 471 nm. Excitation spectrum is composed of five bands in the range of 250–450 nm, which are matching well with emission wavelength of UV LEDs. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Blue-emitting Sr{sub 1?x}Eu{sub x}Si{sub 9}Al{sub 19}ON{sub 31} phosphors were synthesized by gas-pressure sintering method. • The concentration quenching was not observed in this phosphor. • This blue phosphor generally showed a small thermal quenching at low Eu{sup 2+} concentrations. • The absorption and external quantum efficiency of the synthesized Sr{sub 0.5}Eu{sub 0.5}Si{sub 9}Al{sub 19}ON{sub 31} were 85% and 62% upon the 365 nm excitation.

Liu, Lihong [Structural and Functional Integration of Ceramics Group, The Division of Functional Materials and Nanodevices, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315201 (China); Xie, Rong-Jun, E-mail: XIE.Rong-Jun@nims.go.jp [Sialon Group, Sialon Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, Namiki 1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Hirosaki, Naoto; Dierre, Benjamin [Sialon Group, Sialon Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, Namiki 1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Sekiguchi, Takashi [Advanced Electronic Materials Center, National Institute for Materials Science, Namiki 1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Electron beam induced oxygen in YBa sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 7-x superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thin foils of bulk YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-x} (YBCO) superconductors were subjected to electron irradiation in a Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). The resulting disordering of the oxygen atoms and vacancies in the Cu-O planes was monitored by measuring the splitting of the (110) diffraction spots in the (001) diffraction pattern. Samples were irradiated at 83K with 100, 150, 200 and 300kV electrons. The 100kV electrons did not cause any disordering, even after prolonged irradiation. The results of the higher energy irradiations showed an excellent fit to a disordering model, indicating a lack of radiation assisted ordering at 83K. This was further confirmed by the insensitivity of the disordering to the dose rate of 300kV electrons at 83K. However, at 300K, an increase in the dose rate of 300kV electrons increased the disordering rate, indicating that radiation assisted reordering was occurring at that temperature. 7 refs., 4 figs.

Basu, S.N.; Roy, T.; Mitchell, T.E.; Nastasi, M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Magnetic ordering in the ammoniated fulleride (ND{sub 3})K{sub 3}C{sub 60}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Intercalation of C{sub 60} with alkali metals leads to superconducting compositions A{sub 3}C{sub 60} (A = alkali metal) with critical temperatures as high as 33 K, surpassed only by the high-{Tc} superconducting cuprates. It is well established that {Tc} increases monotonically with increasing interfullerene separation, d, as the density of states at the Fermi level, N({epsilon}{sub F}) increases. Of paramount importance is the search for new materials with larger lattice parameters in order to establish whether {Tc} can be driven to higher values or the anticipated band narrowing will lead to electron localization and a transition to a Mott insulator. Ammoniation has proven an excellent method to achieve large expansions of the fulleride unit cells, as neutral NH{sub 3} molecules coordinate to the alkali ions, leading to large effective radii for the (NH{sub 3}){sub x}A{sup +} species.

Prassides, K.; Margadonna, S.; Arcon, D.; Lappas, A.; Shimoda, Hideo; Iwasa, Yoshihiro

1999-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

337

Initial phases in sputter deposited HfO{sub 2}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanolaminate films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanolaminate films of crystalline HfO{sub 2} and amorphous Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} were grown by reactive sputter deposition on unheated fused SiO{sub 2} and the surface oxide of <111> Si. X-ray diffraction showed the amount of monoclinic (m) HfO{sub 2} decreased with decreasing HfO{sub 2} layer thickness, consistent with a finite crystal size effect. High resolution transmission electron microscopy of individual crystallites detected tetragonal (t) and orthorhombic (o) HfO{sub 2} as the initial phases formed. Whereas the t{yields}m transition is accomplished by a shear mechanism, we demonstrate the important role of polysynthetic twinning for the o{yields}m transition.

Hoppe, E. E.; Aita, C. R.; Gajdardziska-Josifovska, M. [Advanced Coatings Experimental Laboratory, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, P.O. Box 784, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201 (United States); Department of Physics and Laboratory for Surface Studies, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, P.O. Box 413, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201 (United States)

2007-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

338

Temperature driven transition from giant to tunneling magneto-resistance in Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/Alq{sub 3}/Co spin Valve: Role of Verwey transition of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate interface energy level engineering, exploiting the modification in energy band structure across Verwey transition temperature (T{sub V}) of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}, in a Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}(111)/Alq{sub 3}/Co spin-valve (SV). I-V characteristics exhibit a transition in conduction mode from carrier injection to tunneling across T{sub V} of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} electrode. Both giant magneto-resistance (GMR) and tunneling MR (TMR) have been observed in a single SV, below and above T{sub V}, respectively. We have achieved room-temperature SV operation in our device. We believe that the tuning of charge gap at Fermi level across T{sub V} resulting in a corresponding tuning of conduction mode and a unique cross over from GMR to TMR.

Dey, P., E-mail: pujaiitkgp2007@gmail.com; Rawat, R.; Potdar, S. R.; Choudhary, R. J.; Banerjee, A. [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research (CSR), University Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore 452 001 (India)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

339

Site occupancy and cation binding states in reduced polycrystalline Sr{sub x}Ba{sub 1?x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Site occupancy and cation binding states in the proposed thermoelectric n-type oxide Sr{sub x}Ba{sub 1?x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} (SBN100x) were investigated using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Sr 3d XPS spectra from unreduced polycrystalline SBN100x with various compositions contained two distinct spin-orbit doublets corresponding to Sr occupying either A1 or A2 positions in the SBN lattice; the higher binding energy state was associated with Sr ions at A2 sites, presumably due to their increased coordination over Sr at A1 sites. To gain insight into optimizing the thermoelectric properties of reduced SBN, sintered SBN50 specimens were reduced in Ar/H{sub 2} or N{sub 2}/H{sub 2} ambient. A decrease in the average Nb valence was observed in Nb 3d photoemission through the growth of low-binding energy components after reduction in either environment; evidence of surface NbN formation was apparent with longer reducing times in N{sub 2}/H{sub 2}. Both the single-component Ba 3d emission and the A2 component of the Sr 3d spectra show shifting to lower binding energy as the reduction time is increased, supporting the hypothesis of preferential oxygen vacancy formation adjacent to A2 sites. X-ray diffraction patterns revealed the formation of NbO{sub 2} in both reducing environments; in the case of extended reduction in N{sub 2}/H{sub 2}, NbO{sub 2} is gradually converted to NbN phases. Given the known properties of metallic NbN and semiconducting NbO{sub 2}, the findings obtained here may be used to maximize the thermoelectric performance of SBN via the fabrication of composite structures containing both NbO{sub 2} and NbN.

Dandeneau, Christopher S., E-mail: dandec@u.washington.edu; Yang, YiHsun; Ohuchi, Fumio S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Krueger, Benjamin W.; Olmstead, Marjorie A. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Bordia, Rajendra K. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 (United States)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 (United States)

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

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Defect kinetics in spinels: Long-time simulations of MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}, MgGa{sub 2}O{sub 4}, and MgIn{sub 2}O{sub 4}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Building upon work in which we examined defect production and stability in spinels, we now turn to defect kinetics. Using temperature accelerated dynamics (TAD), we characterize the kinetics of defects in three spinel oxides: magnesium aluminate MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}, magnesium gallate MgGa{sub 2}O{sub 4}, and magnesium indate MgIn{sub 2}O{sub 4}. These materials have varying tendencies to disorder on the cation sublattices. In order to understand chemical composition effects, we first examine defect kinetics in perfectly ordered, or normal, spinels, focusing on point defects on each sublattice. We then examine the role that cation disorder has on defect mobility. Using TAD, we find that disorder creates local environments which strongly trap point defects, effectively reducing their mobility. We explore the consequences of this trapping via kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) simulations on the oxygen vacancy (V{sub O}) in MgGa{sub 2}O{sub 4}, finding that V{sub O} mobility is directly related to the degree of inversion in the system.

Uberuaga, B. P.; Voter, A. F.; Sickafus, K. E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Bacorisen, D.; Smith, Roger [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU (United Kingdom); Ball, J. A.; Grimes, R. W. [Department of Materials, Imperial College, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BP (United Kingdom)

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

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