Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Compact multiple-valued multiplexers using negative differential resistance devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract-Quantum electronic devices with negative differen-tial resistance (NDR) characteristics have been used to design compact multiplexers. These multiplexers may be used either as analog multiplexers where the signal on a single select line selects one out of four analog inputs, or as four-valued logic multiplexers where the select line and the input lines represent one of four quantized signal values and the output line corre-sponds to the selected input. Any four-valued logic function can be implemented using only four-valued multiplexers (also known as T-gates), and this T-gate uses just 13 devices (transistors) as compared to 44 devices in CMOS. The design of the T-gate was done using a combination of resonant tunneling diodes (RTD’s) and heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBT’s) with the folded I-V characteristic (NDR characteristic) of the RTD’s providing the compact logic implementation and the HBT’s providing the gain and isolation. The application of the same design principles to the design of T-gates using other NDR devices such as reso-nant tunneling hot electron transistors (RHET’s) and resonant tunneling bipolar transistors (RTBT’s) is also demonstrated. I.

H. L. Chan; S. Mohan; Pinaki Mazumder; Senior Member; George I. Haddad

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Standard CMOS Implementation of a Multiple-Valued Logic Signed-Digit Adder Based on Negative Differential-Resistance Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents MOS-NDR, a new prototyping technique for multiple-valued logic circuits combining MOS transistors and multipeak negative differential-resistance (NDR) devices such as resonant-tunneling diodes (RTDs). MOS-NDR emulates the folded current-voltage ... Keywords: signed-digit adder, redundant number systems, negative differential-resistance devices, NDR devices, resonant-tunneling diodes, RTDs, multiple-valued logic

Alejandro F. Gonzalez; Mayukh Bhattacharya; Shriram Kulkarni; Pinaki Mazumder

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Multiple-valued signed-digit adder using negative differential-resistance devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—This paper describes a new signed-digit full adder (SDFA) circuit consisting of resonant-tunneling diodes (RTDs) and metal-oxide semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs). The design is primarily based on a multiple-valued logic literal circuit that utilizes the folded-back I-V (also known as negative differential-resistance, NDR) characteristics of RTDs to compactly implement its gated transfer function. MOS transistors are configured in current-mode logic, where addition of two or more digits is achieved by superimposing the signals of individual wires being physically connected at the summing nodes. The proposed SDFA design uses redundant arithmetic representation and, therefore, the circuit can perform addition of two arbitrary size binary numbers in constant time without the need for either carry propagation or carry look-ahead. The SDFA cell design has been verified through simulation by an augmented SPICE simulator that includes new homotopy-based convergence routines to tackle the nonlinear device characteristics of quantum devices. From the simulation result, the SDFA cell has been found to perform addition operation in 3.5 nanoseconds, which is somewhat superior to other multivalued redundant arithmetic circuits reported in the literature. The SDFA cell requires only 13 MOS transistors and one RTD, as opposed to the state-of-the-art CMOS redundant binary adder requiring 56 transistors, and to the conventional multivalued current-mode adder consisting of 34 MOS transistors. In order to verify the simulation result, a prototype SDFA cell has been fabricated using MOSIS 2-micron CMOS process and GaAs-based RTDs connected externally to the MOSFET circuit. Index Terms—Signed-digit arithmetic, multiple-valued logic, quantum electronic resonant-tunneling circuits.xxx 1

Ro F. González; Student Member; Pinaki Mazumder; Senior Member

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Regional Precipitation Quantile Values for the Continental United States Computed from L-Moments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation quantile values have been computed for 9 probabilities, 8 durations, 12 starting months, and 1 1 1 regions across the United States. L-moment methodology has been used for the calculations. Discussed are the rationale for selecting ...

Nathaniel B. Guttman; J. R. M. Hosking; James R. Wallis

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Utilizing upper hybrid resonance for high density plasma production and negative ion generation in a downstream region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Localized wave-induced resonances are created by microwaves launched directly into a multicusp (MC) plasma device in the k Up-Tack B mode, where k is the wave vector and B is the static magnetic field. The resonance zone is identified as upper hybrid resonance (UHR), and lies r = {approx}22 mm away from the MC boundary. Measurement of radial wave electric field intensity confirms the right hand cutoff of the wave (r = 22.5-32.1 mm) located near the UHR zone. A sharp rise in the corresponding electron temperature in the resonance region by {approx}13 eV from its value away from resonance at r = 0, is favorable for the generation of vibrationally excited molecules of hydrogen. A transverse magnetic filter allows cold electrons ({approx}1-2 eV) to pass into the downstream region where they generate negative ions by dissociative attachment. Measurements of electron energy distribution function (EEDF) support the viewpoint. H{sup -} current density of {approx}0.26 mA/cm{sup 2} is obtained at a wave power density of {approx}3 W/cm{sup 2} at 2.0 mTorr pressure, which agrees reasonably well with results obtained from a steady state model using particle balance equations.

Sahu, Debaprasad; Bhattacharjee, Sudeep [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 208016 (India)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

6

NREL: Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) Model - Unique Value of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Unique Value of ReEDS Unique Value of ReEDS Spatial Resolution and Variability Consideration The Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model has singular capabilities that differentiate it from other models and that make it uniquely suitable for certain types of analyses. While ReEDS can model all types of power generators and fuels-coal, gas, nuclear, renewables-it was designed primarily to address considerations for integrating renewable electric technologies into the power grid. In particular, it was designed to address the variable resource issues associated with solar and wind power as well as the remote nature of many of the best wind resources and their need for transmission. These capabilities require the two primary structural elements of ReEDS-a multiplicity of regions and a

7

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2006; 2 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios; Unit: Varies. Consumption Consumption per Dollar Consumption per Dollar of Value Economic per Employee of Value Added of Shipments Characteristic(a) (million Btu) (thousand Btu) (thousand Btu) Total United States Value of Shipments and Receipts (million dollars) Under 20 330.6 3.6 2.0 20-49 550.0 4.5 2.2 50-99 830.1 5.9 2.7 100-249 1,130.0 6.7 3.1 250-499 1,961.4 7.6 3.6 500 and Over 3,861.9 9.0 3.6 Total 1,278.4 6.9 3.1 Employment Size Under 50 562.6 4.7 2.4 50-99 673.1 5.1 2.4 100-249 1,072.8 6.5 3.0 250-499 1,564.3 7.7 3.6 500-999 2,328.9

8

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2.3 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2006; 2.3 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes Column: Energy Sources Unit: Trillion Btu Economic Residual Distillate LPG and Coke and Characteristic(a) Total Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(b) Natural Gas(c) NGL(d) Coal Breeze Other(e) Total United States Value of Shipments and Receipts (million dollars) Under 20 47 0 3 5 Q 20 1 17 20-49 112 7 Q 20 1 12 1 64 50-99 247 29 Q 26 88 33 * 68 100-249 313 28 1 97 12 48 43 85 250-499 297 * * 121 154 3 5 13 500 and Over 2,547 * * 130 2,043 301 6 66 Not Ascertained (f) 3,399 0 0 0 0 0 0 3,399 Total 6,962 64 17 398 2,299 417 56 3,711 Employment Size Under 50 161 4 Q 48 15 19 0 64 50-99 390 41 1 97 145 27 1 77 100-249

9

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3.3 Fuel Consumption, 2006; 3.3 Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu. Economic Net Residual Distillate LPG and Coke and Characteristic(a) Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(c) Natural Gas(d) NGL(e) Coal Breeze Other(f) Total United States Value of Shipments and Receipts (million dollars) Under 20 1,139 367 23 45 535 14 21 3 131 20-49 1,122 333 13 19 530 8 93 5 122 50-99 1,309 349 22 17 549 10 157 8 197 100-249 2,443 607 25 19 994 11 263 10 512 250-499 2,092 413 53 13 633 4 244 3 730 500 and Over 7,551 781 115 17 2,271 31 240 344 3,752 Total 15,657 2,851 251 129 5,512 79 1,016 374 5,445 Employment Size Under 50 1,103 334 10 45 550 10

10

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1.3 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2006; 1.3 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit: Trillion Btu. Shipments Economic Net Residual Distillate LPG and Coke and of Energy Sources Characteristic(a) Total(b) Electricity(c) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(d) Natural Gas(e) NGL(f) Coal Breeze Other(g) Produced Onsite(h) Total United States Value of Shipments and Receipts (million dollars) Under 20 1,166 367 23 48 540 15 41 3 140 12 20-49 1,209 333 20 26 550 8 104 5 182 20 50-99 1,507 349 51 19 575 98 190 9 256 40 100-249 2,651 607 53 20 1,091 23 310 53 566 73 250-499 2,362 413 52 13 754 158 247 9 732 16 500 and Over

11

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Electricity: Sales to Utility and Nonutility Purchasers, 2006; 6 Electricity: Sales to Utility and Nonutility Purchasers, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Utility and Nonutility Purchasers; Unit: Million Kilowatthours. Total of Economic Sales and Utility Nonutility Characteristic(a) Transfers Offsite Purchaser(b) Purchaser(c) Total United States Value of Shipments and Receipts (million dollars) Under 20 28 28 0 20-49 307 227 80 50-99 2,218 1,673 545 100-249 2,647 1,437 1,210 250-499 3,736 2,271 1,464 500 and Over 10,814 5,665 5,149 Total 19,750 11,301 8,449 Employment Size Under 50 516 230 287 50-99 1,193 1,180 13 100-249 3,825 3,231 594 250-499 3,796 2,675 1,120 500-999 4,311 1,921 2,390

12

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Electricity: Components of Onsite Generation, 2006; 4 Electricity: Components of Onsite Generation, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Onsite-Generation Components; Unit: Million Kilowatthours. Renewable Energy (excluding Wood Economic Total Onsite and Characteristic(a) Generation Cogeneration(b) Other Biomass)(c) Other(d) Total United States Value of Shipments and Receipts (million dollars) Under 20 1,447 450 Q Q 20-49 5,220 5,106 29 Q 50-99 3,784 3,579 29 Q 100-249 17,821 17,115 484 222 250-499 28,464 27,202 334 927 500 and Over 86,249 85,028 106 1,114 Total 142,986 138,480 1,030 3,476 Employment Size Under 50 2,193 1,177 Q Q 50-99 6,617 6,438 13 166 100-249 12,403 12,039 266 98 250-499

13

MEASUREMENTS, ERRORS, AND NEGATIVE KINETIC ENERGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analysis of errors in measurement yields new insight into the penetration of quantum particles into classically forbidden regions. In addition to “physical” values, realistic measurements yield “unphysical ” values which, we show, can form a consistent pattern. An experiment to isolate a particle in a classically forbidden region obtains negative values for its kinetic energy. These values realize the concept of a weak value, discussed in previous works. 0

Yakir Aharonov; Sandu Popescu; Daniel Rohrlich; Lev Vaidman

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Evaluation of the Added Value of Regional Ensemble Forecasts on Global Ensemble Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The regional single-model-based Aire Limitée Adaptation Dynamique Développement International–Limited Area Ensemble Forecasting (ALADIN-LAEF) ensemble prediction system (EPS) is evaluated and compared with the global ECMWF-EPS to investigate the ...

Yong Wang; Simona Tascu; Florian Weidle; Karin Schmeisser

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Regional Climate Models Add Value to Global Model Data: A Review and Selected Examples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important challenge in current climate modeling is to realistically describe small-scale weather statistics, such as topographic precipitation and coastal wind patterns, or regional phenomena like polar lows. Global climate models simulate atmospheric ...

Frauke Feser; Burkhardt Rockel; Hans von Storch; Jörg Winterfeldt; Matthias Zahn

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

The Value of Air Quality Forecasting in the Mid-Atlantic Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Air quality forecasts produced by the National Air Quality Forecast Capability (NAQFC), human air quality forecasters, and persistence are evaluated for predictive skill and economic value when used to inform decisions regarding pollutant emission ...

Gregory G. Garner; Anne M. Thompson

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

The Value of Coarse-Scale Soil Moisture Observations for Regional Surface Energy Balance Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using high-resolution (1 km) hydrologic modeling of the 575 000-km2 Red–Arkansas River basin, the impact of spatially aggregating soil moisture imagery up to the footprint scale (32–64 km) of spaceborne microwave radiometers on regional-scale ...

Wade T. Crow; Eric F. Wood

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Assessment of Value Added for Surface Marine Wind Speed Obtained from Two Regional Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hindcasts with reanalysis-driven regional climate models (RCMs) are a common tool to assess weather statistics (i.e., climate) and recent changes and trends. The capability of different state-of-the-art RCMs (with and without spectral nudging ...

Jörg Winterfeldt; Ralf Weisse

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

The value of adding regional to local stakeholder involvement in evaluating the acceptability of innovative technologies  

SciTech Connect

Technology is urgently needed to clean up contamination by volatile organic compounds at United States Department of Energy (DOE) sites. In many cases, however, existing technology is too slow, inefficient, or expensive. The record of technology development is, in some cases, similarly disappointing. Remediation technologies developed at great expense and evaluated piecemeal over long periods have not been deployed because, in the end, the public judged them ineffective or unacceptable. The need for successful methods of remediation is too great and resources too limited to continue with ineffective technology evaluation. In order to make good decisions about which technologies to deploy, remedial project managers need to know stakeholders` requirements for the performance of proposed technologies. Expanding stakeholder involvement regionally identifies the concerns of a broad range of stakeholders at and DOE sites throughout the West -- issues that must be taken into account if technologies are to be accepted for wide deployment.

Peterson, T.S.; McCabe, G. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Niesen, K.; Serie, P. [Environmental Issues Management, Inc., Seattle, WA (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Negative heat capacity in the critical region of nuclear fragmentation: an experimental evidence of the liquid-gas phase transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental indication of negative heat capacity in excited nuclear systems is inferred from the event by event study of energy fluctuations in $Au$ quasi-projectile sources formed in $Au+Au$ collisions at 35 A.MeV. The excited source configuration is reconstructed through a calorimetric analysis of its de-excitation products. Fragment partitions show signs of a critical behavior at about 5 A.MeV excitation energy. In the same energy range the heat capacity shows a negative branch providing a direct evidence of a first order liquid gas phase transition.

M. D'Agostino; F. Gulminelli; Ph. Chomaz; M. Bruno; F. Cannata; R. Bougault; N. Colonna; F. Gramegna; I. Iori; N. Le Neindre; G. V. Margagliotti; P. F. Mastinu; P. M. Milazzo; A. Moroni; G. Vannini

1999-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Mortality in Appalachian coal mining regions: the value of statistical life lost  

SciTech Connect

We examined elevated mortality rates in Appalachian coal mining areas for 1979-2005, and estimated the corresponding value of statistical life (VSL) lost relative to the economic benefits of the coal mining industry. We compared age-adjusted mortality rates and socioeconomic conditions across four county groups: Appalachia with high levels of coal mining, Appalachia with lower mining levels, Appalachia without coal mining, and other counties in the nation. We converted mortality estimates to VSL estimates and compared the results with the economic contribution of coal mining. We also conducted a discount analysis to estimate current benefits relative to future mortality costs. The heaviest coal mining areas of Appalachia had the poorest socioeconomic conditions. Before adjusting for covariates, the number of excess annual age-adjusted deaths in coal mining areas ranged from 3,975 to 10,923, depending on years studied and comparison group. Corresponding VSL estimates ranged from $18.563 billion to $84.544 billion, with a point estimate of $50.010 billion, greater than the $8.088 billion economic contribution of coal mining. After adjusting for covariates, the number of excess annual deaths in mining areas ranged from 1,736 to 2,889, and VSL costs continued to exceed the benefits of mining. Discounting VSL costs into the future resulted in excess costs relative to benefits in seven of eight conditions, with a point estimate of $41.846 billion.

Hendryx, M.; Ahern, M.M. [West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV (United States). Dept. of Community Medicine

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

22

Out-of-plane negative magnetoresistance of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 1.6}La{sub 0.4}CuO{sub 6+{delta}} single crystals in the underdoped region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to investigate a relationship between the carrier concentration and negative magnetoresistance in the underdoped region, they have performed out-of-plane electrical resistivity measurements for underdoped Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 1.6}La{sub 0.4}CuO{sub 6+{delta}} single crystals. Giant negative magnetoresistance has been observed in the most abundant carrier sample with {delta} = 0.12 in the experiment. The negative magnetoresistance reduces with decreasing carrier concentration.

Akazawa, Teruhiko; Ikeda, Hiroshi; Ozawa, Norihiko; Kouno, Hideki; Yoshizaki, Ryozo

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Electromagnetic plane waves with negative phase velocity in charged black strings  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the propagation regions of electromagnetic plane waves with negative phase velocity in the ergosphere of static charged black strings. For such a propagation, some conditions for negative phase velocity are established that depend on the metric components and the choice of the octant. We conclude that these conditions remain unaffected by the negative values of the cosmological constant.

Sharif, M., E-mail: msharif.math@pu.edu.pk; Manzoor, R., E-mail: rubabmanzoor9@yahoo.com [University of the Punjab, Department of Mathematics (Pakistan)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

24

Negative mass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some physical aspects of negative mass are examined. Several unusual properties, such as the ability of negative mass to penetrate any armor, are analyzed. Other surprising effects include the bizarre system of negative mass chasing positive pass, naked singularities and the violation of cosmic censorship, wormholes, and quantum mechanical results as well. In addition, a brief look into the implications for strings is given.

Richard T Hammond

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

25

Negative ion source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for providing a negative ion source accelerates electrons away from a hot filament electron emitter into a region of crossed electric and magnetic fields arranged in a magnetron configuration. During a portion of the resulting cycloidal path, the electron velocity is reduced below its initial value. The electron accelerates as it leaves the surface at a rate of only slightly less than if there were no magnetic field, thereby preventing a charge buildup at the surface of the emitter. As the electron traverses the cycloid, it is decelerated during the second, third, and fourth quadrants, then reeccelerated as it approaches the end of the fourth quadrant to regain its original velocity. The minimum velocity occurs during the fourth quadrant, and corresponds to an electron temperature of 200.degree. to 500.degree. for the electric and magnetic fields commonly encountered in the ion sources of magnetic sector mass spectrometers. An ion source using the above-described thermalized electrons is also disclosed.

Delmore, James E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Improved negative ion source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for providing a negative ion source accelerates electrons away from a hot filament electron emitter into a region of crossed electric and magnetic fields arranged in a magnetron configuration. During a portion of the resulting cycloidal path, the electron velocity is reduced below its initial value. The electron accelerates as it leaves the surface at a rate of only slightly less than if there were no magnetic field, thereby preventing a charge buildup at the surface of the emitter. As the electron traverses the cycloid, it is decelerated during the second, third, and fourth quadrants, then reaccelerated as it approaches the end of the fourth quadrant to regain its original velocity. The minimum velocity occurs during the fourth quadrant, and corresponds to an electron temperature of 200 to 500/sup 0/C for the electric and magnetic fields commonly encountered in the ion sources of magnetic sector mass spectrometers. An ion source using the above-described thermalized electrons is also disclosed.

Delmore, J.E.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Negative heat capacities and first order phase transitions in nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anomalous negative heat capacities have been claimed as indicators of first order phase transitions in finite systems in general, and fornuclear systems in particular. A thermodynamic approach allowing for all Q value terms is used to evaluate heat capacities in finitevan der Waals fluids and finite lattice systems in the coexistence region. Fictitious large effects and negative heat capacities are observed in lattice systems when periodic boundary conditions are introduced. Small anomalous effects are predicted for small drops and for finite lattice systems. A straightforward application of the analysis to nuclei shows that negative heat capacities cannot be observed for A>60.

L. G. Moretto; J. B. Elliott; L. Phair; G. J. Wozniak

2002-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

28

Value Centers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Value centers identify the over-reaching themes, initiatives, and opportunities in alignment with the strategic goals of AOCS. Value Centers AOCS History and Governance about us aocs committees contact us division council fats governing board hist

29

Negative ion generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A negative ion generator is formed from a magnetically insulated transmission line having a coating of graphite on the cathode for producing negative ions and a plurality of apertures on the opposed anode for the release of negative ions. Magnetic insulation keeps electrons from flowing from the cathode to the anode. A transverse magnetic field removes electrons which do escape through the apertures from the trajectory of the negative ions. 8 figs.

Stinnett, R.W.

1984-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

30

Negative ion generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A negative ion generator is formed from a magnetically insulated transmission line having a coating of graphite on the cathode for producing negative ions and a plurality of apertures on the opposed anode for the release of negative ions. Magnetic insulation keeps electrons from flowing from the cathode to the anode. A transverse magnetic field removes electrons which do escape through the apertures from the trajectory of the negative ions.

Stinnett, Regan W. (Albuquerque, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

VALUE STUDY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PREPARED FOR: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF CONTRACT RESOURCES AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT SEPTEMBER 2008 UPDATE BY: AON CONSULTING INC. FEBRUARY 1999 UPDATED SEPTEMBER 29, 2008 VALUE STUDY DESK MANUAL Prepared for: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY By: BUCK CONSULTANTS Under DE-AC01-96AD38107 Update Prepared for: DOE By: AON CONSULTING, INC. Under Delivery Order DE-BP01-08MA345678, Contract No. DE-AB01-08-ME11881 Contents PART I Overview of Value Study Illustrative Flow Charts...................................................................................................................................... 1 1. Purpose................................................................................................................................................... 4

32

Negative ion detachment processes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper discusses the following topics: H{sup {minus}} and D{sup {minus}} collisions with atomic hydrogen; collisional decomposition of SF{sub 6}{sup {minus}}; two-electron loss processes in negative ion collisions; associative electron detachment; and negative ion desorption from surfaces.

Champion, R.L.; Doverspike, L.D.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Influence of Pathological Nodal Status and Maximal Standardized Uptake Value of the Primary Tumor and Regional Lymph Nodes on Treatment Plans in Patients With Advanced Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: A better understanding of the prognostic factors in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) may optimize the therapeutic approach. In this study, we sought to investigate whether the combination of clinical information, pathologic results, and preoperative maximal standardized uptake value (SUVmax) at the primary tumor and regional lymph nodes might improve the prognostic stratification in this patient group. Methods and Materials: A total of 347 consecutive OSCC patients were investigated. All participants underwent fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography within 2 weeks before surgery and neck dissection. The duration of follow-up was at least 24 months in all surviving patients. The optimal cutoff values for SUVmax at the primary tumor (SUVtumor-max) and regional lymph nodes (SUVnodal-max) were selected according to the 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate. Independent prognosticators were identified by Cox regression analysis. Results: In multivariate analysis, a cutoff SUVtumor-max of 8.6, a cutoff SUVnodal-max of 5.7, and the presence of pathologic lymph node metastases were found to be significant prognosticators for the 5-year DFS. A scoring system using these three prognostic factors was formulated to define distinct prognostic groups. The 5-year rates for patients with a score between 0 and 3 were as follows: neck control, 94%, 86%, 77%, 59% (p < 0.0001); distant metastases, 1%, 7%, 22%, 47% (p < 0.0001); disease-specific survival, 93%, 85%, 61%, 36%, respectively (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Based on the study findings, the combined evaluation of pathologic node status and SUVmax at the primary tumor and regional lymph nodes may improve prognostic stratification in OSCC patients.

Liao, C.-T. [Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Department of Head and Neck Oncology Group, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Wang, H.-M. [Department of Head and Neck Oncology Group, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Department of Medical Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Chang, Joseph Tung-Chieh; Lin, C.-Y. [Department of Head and Neck Oncology Group, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Ng, S.-H. [Department of Head and Neck Oncology Group, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Huang, S.-F.; Chen, I.-H. [Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Department of Head and Neck Oncology Group, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Hsueh Chuen; Lee, L.-Y. [Department of Head and Neck Oncology Group, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Department of Pathology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Lin, C.-H. [Department of Head and Neck Oncology Group, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China)

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Negative electrode composition  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A secondary electrochemical cell and a negative electrode composition for use therewith comprising a positive electrode containing an active material of a chalcogen or a transiton metal chalcogenide, a negative electrode containing a lithium-aluminum alloy and an amount of a ternary alloy sufficient to provide at least about 5 percent overcharge capacity relative to a negative electrode solely of the lithium-aluminum alloy, the ternary alloy comprising lithium, aluminum, and iron or cobalt, and an electrolyte containing lithium ions in contact with both of the positive and the negative electrodes. The ternary alloy is present in the electrode in the range of from about 5 percent to about 50 percent by weight of the electrode composition and may include lithium-aluminum-nickel alloy in combination with either the ternary iron or cobalt alloys. A plurality of series connected cells having overcharge capacity can be equalized on the discharge side without expensive electrical equipment.

Kaun, Thomas D. (New Lenox, IL); Chilenskas, Albert A. (Western Springs, IL)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Superconductive microstrip exhibiting negative differential resistivity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device capable of exhibiting negative differential electrical resistivity over a range of values of current and voltage is formed by vapor- depositing a thin layer of a material capable of exhibiting superconductivity on an insulating substrate, establishing electrical connections at opposite ends of the deposited strip, and cooling the alloy into its superconducting range. The device will exhibit negative differential resistivity when biased in the current- induced resistive state.

Huebener, R.P.; Gallus, D.E.

1975-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

36

Competitiveness and Social Inclusion within National Programme for Production and Use of Biofuels: Negative Feedbacks on Profitability Awareness in Sharp Institutional Settlements in Brazil South Region Concerning Soybean Oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper intends to make some inferences about the relation of competiveness and social inclusion, and interpret in an operational manner the success of South Region soybean familiar growers ascribed to the National Programme for Biofuels Production ... Keywords: Biodiesel, Brazil, Competitiveness, Social Inclusion, Soybean Oil

Andre Luiz Miranda Silva Zopelari, Aldara da Silva Cesar

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Polarized negative ions  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a survey of methods, commonly in use or under development, to produce beams of polarized negative ions for injection into accelerators. A short summary recalls how the hyperfine interaction is used to obtain nuclear polarization in beams of atoms. Atomic-beam sources for light ions are discussed. If the best presently known techniques are incorporated in all stages of the source, polarized H/sup -/ and D/sup -/ beams in excess of 10 ..mu..A can probably be achieved. Production of polarized ions from fast (keV) beams of polarized atoms is treated separately for atoms in the H(25) excited state (Lamb-Shift source) and atoms in the H(1S) ground state. The negative ion beam from Lamb-Shift sources has reached a plateau just above 1 ..mu..A, but this beam current is adequate for many applications and the somewhat lower beam current is compensated by other desirable characteristics. Sources using fast polarized ground state atoms are in a stage of intense development. The next sections summarize production of polarized heavy ions by the atomic beam method, which is well established, and by optical pumping, which has recently been demonstrated to yield very large nuclear polarization. A short discussion of proposed ion sources for polarized /sup 3/He/sup -/ ions is followed by some concluding remarks.

Haeberli, W.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Primitive Virtual Negative Charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical fields, such as gravity and electromagnetic field, are interpreted as results from rearrangement of vacuum particles to get the equilibrium of net charge density and net mass density in 4-dimensional complex space. Then, both fields should interact to each other in that physical interaction is considered as a field-to-field interaction. Hence, Mass-Charge interaction is introduced with primitive-virtual negative charge defined for the mass. With the concept of Mass-Charge interaction electric equilibrium of the earth is discussed, especially about the electric field and magnetic field of the earth. For unsettled phenomena related with the earth's gravity, such as antigravity phenomenon, gravity anomalies during the solar eclipses, the connection between geomagnetic storms and earthquakes, etc., possible explanations are discussed.

Kim, Kiyoung

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Primitive Virtual Negative Charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical fields, such as gravity and electromagnetic field, are interpreted as results from rearrangement of vacuum particles to get the equilibrium of net charge density and net mass density in 4-dimensional complex space. Then, both fields should interact to each other in that physical interaction is considered as a field-to-field interaction. Hence, Mass-Charge interaction is introduced with primitive-virtual negative charge defined for the mass. With the concept of Mass-Charge interaction electric equilibrium of the earth is discussed, especially about the electric field and magnetic field of the earth. For unsettled phenomena related with the earth's gravity, such as antigravity phenomenon, gravity anomalies during the solar eclipses, the connection between geomagnetic storms and earthquakes, etc., possible explanations are discussed.

Kiyoung Kim

2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

40

Negative ion source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ionization vessel is divided into an ionizing zone and an extraction zone by a magnetic filter. The magnetic filter prevents high-energy electrons from crossing from the ionizing zone to the extraction zone. A small positive voltage impressed on a plasma grid, located adjacent an extraction grid, positively biases the plasma in the extraction zone to thereby prevent positive ions from migrating from the ionizing zone to the extraction zone. Low-energy electrons, which would ordinarily be dragged by the positive ions into the extraction zone, are thereby prevented from being present in the extraction zone and being extracted along with negative ions by the extraction grid. Additional electrons are suppressed from the output flux using ExB drift provided by permanent magnets and the extractor grid electrical field. 14 figs.

Leung, K.N.; Ehlers, K.W.

1984-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Negative ion source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ionization vessel is divided into an ionizing zone and an extraction zone by a magnetic filter. The magnetic filter prevents high-energy electrons from crossing from the ionizing zone to the extraction zone. A small positive voltage impressed on a plasma grid, located adjacent an extraction grid, positively biases the plasma in the extraction zone to thereby prevent positive ions from migrating from the ionizing zone to the extraction zone. Low-energy electrons, which would ordinarily be dragged by the positive ions into the extraction zone, are thereby prevented from being present in the extraction zone and being extracted along with negative ions by the extraction grid. Additional electrons are suppressed from the output flux using ExB drift provided by permanent magnets and the extractor grid electrical field.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA); Ehlers, Kenneth W. (Alamo, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Negative ion source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ionization vessel is divided into an ionizing zone and an extraction zone by a magnetic filter. The magnetic filter prevents high-energy electrons from crossing from the ionizing zone to the extraction zone. A small positive voltage impressed on a plasma grid, located adjacent an extraction grid, positively biases the plasma in the extraction zone to thereby prevent positive ions from migrating from the ionizing zone to the extraction zone. Low-energy electrons, which would ordinarily be dragged by the positive ions into the extraction zone, are thereby prevented from being present in the extraction zone and being extracted along with negative ions by the extraction grid. Additional electrons are suppressed from the output flux using ExB drift provided by permanent magnets and the extractor grid electrical field.

Leung, K.N.; Ehlers, K.W.

1982-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

43

Negative Sequence Effects on Generator Rotors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is the second part of a study of the effects of severe negative sequence events on round rotor turbine generators. The first part (EPRI report 1014910) introduced simplified models to investigate the thermal and mechanical stresses resulting from unbalanced short circuits and other events. The current report provides documentation on these simplified models. It also describes further studies of the retaining ring and introduces additional models for the pole face and cross-slot regions.

2009-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

44

Experimental evaluation of a negative ion source for a heavy ionfusion negative ion driver  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Negative halogen ions have recently been proposed as a possible alternative to positive ions for heavy ion fusion drivers because electron accumulation would not be a problem in the accelerator, and if desired, the beams could be photodetached to neutrals [1,2,3]. To test the ability to make suitable quality beams, an experiment was conducted at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory using chlorine in an RF-driven ion source. Without introducing any cesium (which is required to enhance negative ion production in hydrogen ion sources) a negative chlorine current density of 45 mA/cm{sup 2} was obtained under the same conditions that gave 57 mA/cm{sup 2} of positive chlorine, suggesting the presence of nearly as many negative ions as positive ions in the plasma near the extraction plane. The negative ion spectrum was 99.5% atomic chlorine ions, with only 0.5% molecular chlorine, and essentially no impurities. Although this experiment did not incorporate the type of electron suppression technology that is used in negative hydrogen beam extraction, the ratio of co-extracted electrons to Cl{sup -} was as low as 7 to 1, many times lower than the ratio of their mobilities, suggesting that few electrons are present in the near-extractor plasma. This, along with the near-equivalence of the positive and negative ion currents, suggests that the plasma in this region was mostly an ion-ion plasma. The negative chlorine current density was relatively insensitive to pressure, and scaled linearly with RF power. If this linear scaling continues to hold at higher RF powers, it should permit current densities of 100 mA/cm{sup 2}, sufficient for present heavy ion fusion injector concepts. The effective ion temperatures of the positive and negative ions appeared to be similar and relatively low for a plasma source.

Grisham, L.R.; Hahto, S.K.; Hahto, S.T.; Kwan, J.W.; Leung, K.N.

2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

45

Experimental Evaluation of a Negative Ion Source for a Heavy Ion Fusion Negative Ion Driver  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Negative halogen ions have recently been proposed as a possible alternative to positive ions for heavy ion fusion drivers because electron accumulation would not be a problem in the accelerator, and if desired, the beams could be photo-detached to neutrals. To test the ability to make suitable quality beams, an experiment was conducted at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory using chlorine in an RF-driven ion source. Without introducing any cesium (which is required to enhance negative ion production in hydrogen ion sources) a negative chlorine current density of 45 mA/cm{sup 2} was obtained under the same conditions that gave 57 45 mA/cm{sup 2} of positive chlorine, suggesting the presence of nearly as many negative ions as positive ions in the plasma near the extraction plane. The negative ion spectrum was 99.5% atomic chlorine ions, with only 0.5% molecular chlorine, and essentially no impurities. Although this experiment did not incorporate the type of electron suppression technology that i s used in negative hydrogen beam extraction, the ratio of co-extracted electrons to Cl{sup -} was as low as 7 to 1, many times lower than the ratio of their mobilities, suggesting that few electrons are present in the near-extractor plasma. This, along with the near-equivalence of the positive and negative ion currents, suggests that the plasma in this region was mostly an ion-ion plasma. The negative chlorine current density was relatively insensitive to pressure, and scaled linearly with RF power. If this linear scaling continues to hold at higher RF powers, it should permit current densities of 100 45 mA/cm{sup 2}, sufficient for present heavy ion fusion injector concepts. The effective ion temperatures of the positive and negative ions appeared to be similar and relatively low for a plasma source.

L.R. Grisham, S.K. Hahto, S.T. Hahto, J.W. Kwan, and K.N. Leung

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

46

Property Values | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Values Property Values Jump to: navigation, search Maple Ridge Wind Farm. Photo from Iberdrola Renewables, NREL 15240 Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have performed empirical investigations to address typical community concerns about wind energy and property values. Based on the data sample and analysis, "no evidence is found that home prices surrounding wind facilities are consistently, measurably, and significantly affected by either the view of wind facilities or the distance of the home to those facilities. Although the analysis cannot dismiss the possibility that individual homes or small numbers of homes have been or could be negatively impacted, it finds that if these impacts exist, they are either too small and/or too infrequent to

47

Three chamber negative ion source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A negative ion vessel is divided into an excitation chamber, a negative ionization chamber and an extraction chamber by two magnetic filters. Input means introduces neutral molecules into a first chamber where a first electron discharge means vibrationally excites the molecules which migrate to a second chamber. In the second chamber a second electron discharge means ionizes the molecules, producing negative ions which are extracted into or by a third chamber. A first magnetic filter prevents high energy electrons from entering the negative ionization chamber from the excitation chamber. A second magnetic filter prevents high energy electrons from entering the extraction chamber from the negative ionizing chamber. An extraction grid at the end of the negative ion vessel attracts negative ions into the third chamber and accelerates them. Another grid, located adjacent to the extraction grid, carries a small positive voltage in order to inhibit positive ions from migrating into the extraction chamber and contour the plasma potential. Additional electrons can be suppressed from the output flux using ExB forces provided by magnetic field means and the extractor grid electric potential.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA); Ehlers, Kenneth W. (Alamo, CA); Hiskes, John R. (Livermore, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Valuing Mutual Fund Companies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Valuing Mutual Fund Companies 1 Jacob Boudoukh a , Matthew1a Valuing Mutual Fund Companies ABSTRACT Combining insightsdata from the Investment Company Institute. Given the size

Boudoukh, Jacob; Richardson, Matthew; Stanton, Richard; Whitelaw, Robert F.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Negative ion rich plasmas in continuous and pulsed wave modes in a minimum-B magnetic field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Generation of hydrogen negative ion rich plasmas is investigated in continuous wave (CW) and pulse modulated (PM) wave modes of 2.45 GHz in a minimum-B magnetic field. The waves are launched directly into the plasma device and utilize wave particle resonances for high density plasma generation. In CW operation, the chamber is divided into two sections, namely, the source and downstream region, separated by a transverse magnetic field that allows only cold electrons ({approx}1 eV) into the downstream region helpful for the generation of negative ions. The H{sup -} density is measured by the second derivative beat method and is compared with the values obtained from a steady state model and the extracted current density. In the pulsed mode, temporal filtering generates negative ion rich plasmas in the afterglow phase. The H{sup -} density in the afterglow is estimated using saturation current ratio method and the results are compared with a time dependent model using particle balance equations. The essential idea in both the filtering techniques is to assist generation of negative ions and prevent its destruction by hot electrons.

Sahu, Debaprasad; Pandey, Shail; Aneja, Jyoti; Bhattacharjee, Sudeep [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur 208016 (India)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

50

Bimolecular reaction dynamics from photoelectron spectroscopy of negative ions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The transition state region of a neutral bimolecular reaction may be experimentally investigated by photoelectron spectroscopy of an appropriate negative ion. The photoelectron spectrum provides information on the spectroscopy and dynamics of the short lived transition state and may be used to develop model potential energy surfaces that are semi-quantitative in this important region. The principles of bound [yields] bound negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy are illustrated by way of an example: a full analysis of the photoelectron bands of CN[sup [minus

Bradforth, S.E.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

" Level: National Data and Regional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Capability to Switch Coal to Alternative Energy Sources, 2006; " " Level: National Data and Regional Totals;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" "...

52

" Level: National Data and Regional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; " " Level: National Data and Regional Totals;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;"...

53

" Level: National Data and Regional...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Capability to Switch Coal to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; " " Level: National Data and Regional Totals;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" "...

54

Networking Value Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Identifies opportunities and structures that foster networking amongst participants for the purpose of building value into the experience. Networking Value Center AOCS History and Governance about us aocs committees contact us division council fat

55

The Value Analysis Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...T.C. Fowler, Value Analysis in Materials Selection and Design, Materials Selection and Design, Vol 20, ASM Handbook,

56

Complex values in Smalltalk  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distinguishing between stateful objects and Values has long been recognized as fruitful. Values are universal context free abstractions that prevent side-effects and allow for a functional programming style. Though object-oriented programming languages ... Keywords: Smalltalk, functional programming, refactoring, serialization, testability, value objects

Thomas J. Schrader; Christian Haider

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Electron energy recovery system for negative ion sources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electron energy recovery system for negative ion sources is provided. The system, employing crossed electric and magnetic fields, separates the electrons from the ions as they are extracted from the ion source plasma generator and before the ions are accelerated to their full energy. With the electric and magnetic fields oriented 90/sup 0/ to each other, the electrons remain at approximately the electrical potential at which they were generated. The electromagnetic forces cause the ions to be accelerated to the full accelerating supply voltage energy while being deflected through an angle of less than 90/sup 0/. The electrons precess out of the accelerating field region into an electron recovery region where they are collected at a small fraction of the full accelerating supply energy. It is possible, by this method, to collect > 90% of the electrons extracted along with the negative ions from a negative ion source beam at < 4% of full energy.

Dagenhart, W.K.; Stirling, W.L.

1979-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

58

Extreme Value Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... "Recent approaches to extreme value estimation with application to wind speeds. Part II: prediction of extreme winds." Proceedings of the First ...

59

Values-led business.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The issue that is dealt with in this paper is the concept of values-led business. The idea behind the term is that businesses has… (more)

Nyberg, Andreas; Borgh, Anders

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Visualising exemplary program values  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe an idea of a tool to aid software developers, similar to tracing and software visualization. The tool monitors a running program and log some values of its variables. The exemplary values, chosen by the tool, are later displayed onto the ... Keywords: branches, tracing, variables, visualization

Marcin Stefaniak

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

VALUE ENGINEERING.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 I N S P E C T I O N R E P O R T U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF INSPECTIONS FOLLOW-ON INSPECTION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S VALUE ENGINEERING PROGRAM DECEMBER 2001 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, DC 20585 December 20, 2001 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman /s/ Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Report on "Follow-on Inspection of the Department of Energy's Value Engineering Program" BACKGROUND Value Engineering is a recognized management tool which, if properly implemented and executed, can streamline operations, improve quality, and reduce costs. Through the use of methodologies such as Value Engineering, Federal agencies are realizing an average of more than $20 in savings/costs avoidance for each dollar spent on performing the value effort.

62

VALUE STUDY | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Centers Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home VALUE STUDY VALUE STUDY VALUE STUDY More Documents & Publications VALUE STUDY...

63

Transformation-optics generalization of tunnelling effects in bi-layers made of paired epsilon-negative/mu-negative media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transformation-media designed by standard transformation-optics (TO) approaches, based on real-valued coordinate-mapping, cannot exhibit single-negative (SNG) character unless such character is already possessed by the domain that is being transformed. In this paper, we show that SNG transformation media can be obtained by transforming a domain featuring double positive (or double-negative) character, via complex analytic continuation of the coordinate transformation rules. Moreover, we apply this concept to the TO-based interpretation of phenomena analogous to the tunnelling effects observable in bilayers made of complementary epsilon-negative (ENG) and mu-negative (MNG) media, and explore their possible TO-inspired extensions and generalizations.

Castaldi, Giuseppe; Galdi, Vincenzo; Alu', Andrea; Engheta, Nader

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Negative selection algorithms without generating detectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Negative selection algorithms are immune-inspired classifiers that are trained on negative examples only. Classification is performed by generating detectors that match none of the negative examples, and these detectors are then matched against ... Keywords: artificial immune systems, consistent learning, negative selection

Maciej Li?kiewicz; Johannes Textor

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Expectations of land value in rural and suburban regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Timberland has become a new and emerging asset class among investors. Institutional investors have committed large amounts of capital through the private equity market. Timber real estate investment trusts (REITs) have ...

Carlson, Dianna Marie

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for which payment was made in-kind. (c) 'Total Onsite Generation' includes cogeneration, generation by renewable energy sources, and conventional generation by combustible...

67

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

consumption of energy originally produced offsite, acquired as a result of a purchase or transfer and consumed onsite for the production of heat and power. This definition is...

68

The Place Value Game  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Place Value Game Place Value Game Welcome to the Place Value Game! The goal of the Place Value Game is to create the largest possible number from the digits the computer gives you. Unfortunately, the computer will give you each digit one at a time and you won't know what the next number will be. You are not allowed to rearrange any of the digits you have already placed, so think carefully before you lock a number in place! Good luck! You are allowed to select the: Number of Digits - The number of digits in the number you are building. Largest Digit - The largest number the computer is allowed to pick. (9 means that the computer can pick any number from 0 to 9) Number of Discards - The number of extra spaces you get. (2 means that you are allowed to throw away 2 numbers) A JavaScript enabled web browser (Netscape Navigator 4 or Internet Explorer

69

Content Value Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Identifies and prioritizes emergent themes impacting AOCS members and other professionals involved with fats, oils and other bio-based sources. Content Value Center Governing Board annual aocs AOCS Governing Board fats history information materials oils

70

Technical Value Center  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Identifies opportunities to increase awareness and utilization of AOCS Technical Services activities and products. Technical Value Center AOCS History and Governance about us aocs committees contact us division council fats governing board history

71

Displaying Economic Value  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The distinction between forecast quality and economic value in a cost–loss formulation is well known. Also well known is their complex relationship, even with some instances of a reversal between the two, where higher quality is associated with ...

Caren Marzban

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Photovoltaics Value Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goals of this report are to identify best practices in methodologies for estimating the value of distributed PV technologies, identify gaps in existing knowledge, and outline R&D opportunities.

Contreras, J.L.; Frantzis, L.; Blazewicz, S.; Pinault, D.; Sawyer, H.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Imploding and exploding shocks in negative ion degenerate plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Imploding and exploding shocks are studied in nonplanar geometries for negative ion degenerate plasma. Deformed Korteweg de Vries Burgers (DKdVB) equation is derived by using reductive perturbation method. Two level finite difference scheme is used for numerical analysis of DKdVB. It is observed that compressive and rarefactive shocks are observed depending on the value of quantum parameter. The effects of temperature, kinematic viscosity, mass ratio of negative to positive ions and quantum parameter on diverging and converging shocks are presented.

Hussain, S.; Akhtar, N. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, PINSTECH, Nilore, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Department of Physics and Applied Mathematics PIEAS, Nilore, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

74

Photoelectron spectroscopy of negative ions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy of negative ions was used to probe the anionic and neutral states of the halogen monoxides, halogen dioxides, halocarbenes, and fluorovinylidene species. Ions, created in a flowing afterglow source, were mass selected and photodetached by continuous monochromatic laser radiation, and the kinetic energy of the photodetached electrons were determined. The photoelectron spectra provide electronic and vibrational structure. Photoelectron spectra of the halogen monoxides yielded adiabatic electron affinities, neutral and anion frequencies, and spin-orbit splittings. Franck-Condon analyses provided the change in bond length between the neutral and anion species. Neutral heats of formation and dissociation energies were combined with electron affinities to determine anion heats of formation and dissociation energies. Adiabatic electron affinities, neutral vibrational frequencies and anion vibrational frequencies were determined from photoelectron spectra of OClO[sup [minus

Gilles, M.K.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

CO{sub 2} allowance allocation in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the effect on electricity investors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) is an effort by nine Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states to develop a regional, mandatory, market-based cap-and-trade program to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the electricity sector. The initiative is expected to lead to an increase in the price of electricity in the RGGI region and beyond. The implications of these changes for the value of electricity-generating assets and the market value of the firms that own them depends on the initial allocation of carbon dioxide allowances, the composition of generating assets owned by the firm, and the locations of those assets. Changes in asset values inside the RGGI region may be positive or negative, whereas changes outside of the RGGI region are almost always positive but nonetheless vary greatly. Viewing changes at the firm level aggregates and moderates both positive and negative effects on market value compared with what would be observed by looking at changes at individual facilities. Nonetheless, a particular firm's portfolio of assets is unlikely to reflect the overall composition of assets in the industry as a whole, and some firms are likely to do substantially better or worse than the industry average. 16 refs., 4 figs.

Dallas Burtraw; Danny Kahn; Karen Palmerook

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

76

Value Study Desk Manual  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PREPARED FOR: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Contractor Human Resources Policy Division September 26, 2012 UPDATE VALUE STUDY DESK MANUAL Prepared for: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY By: BUCK CONSULTANTS Under DE-AC01-96AD38107 Update Prepared for: DOE By: AON CONSULTING, INC. Under Delivery Order DE-BP01-08MA345678, Contract No. DE-AB01-08-ME11881 September 28, 2008 Update Prepared for: DOE By: Aon Hewitt Inc. Under Delivery Order DE-BP01-08MA345678, Contract No. DE-AB01-08-ME11881 September 26, 2012 Contents PART I Overview of Value Study Illustrative Flow Charts ..................................................................................... 1

77

Economic Value of Veterinary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

laboratories such as TVMDL. Without TVMDL's services, Texas would experience both a health and a fiscal crisis Diagnostic Laboratory (TVMDL) works to protect animal and human health through diagnostic testing of samplesEconomic Value of Veterinary Diagnostics Public Investment in Animal Health Testing Yields Economic

78

Regional Residential  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

upward pressure from crude oil markets, magnified by a regional shortfall of heating oil supplies, residential prices rose rapidly to peak February 7. The problem was...

79

Regional Maps  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

United States Census Divisions Figure 2.Electricity Market Module (EMM)Regions Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting Figure...

80

R-value Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Wall Systems Advanced Wall Systems ORNL Home ASTM Testing BEP Home Related Sites Work With Us Advanced Wall Systems Home Interactive Calculators New Whole Wall R-value Calculators As A Part Of The ORNL Material Database For Whole Building Energy Simulations These calculators are replacing the old Whole Wall Thermal Performance calculator. These new versions of the calculator contain many new features and are part of the newly developed Interactive Envelope Materials Database for Whole-Building Energy Simulation Programs. The simple version of the Whole Wall R-value calculator is now available for use. This calculator is similar to the previous Whole Wall Thermal Performance calculator and does not require any downloads from the user. However, it was updated to allow calculations for fourteen wall details

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Electromagnetic wave propagation with negative phase velocity in regular black holes  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the propagation of electromagnetic plane waves with negative phase velocity in regular black holes. For this purpose, we consider the Bardeen model as a nonlinear magnetic monopole and the Bardeen model coupled to nonlinear electrodynamics with a cosmological constant. It turns out that the region outside the event horizon of each regular black hole does not support negative phase velocity propagation, while its possibility in the region inside the event horizon is discussed.

Sharif, M., E-mail: msharif.math@pu.edu.pk; Manzoor, R., E-mail: rubabmanzoor9@yahoo.com [University of the Punjab, Department of Mathematics (Pakistan)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

Regional Purchasing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Purchasing Regional Purchasing Regional Purchasing Pursuant to Appendix M of Prime Contract No. DE-AC52-06NA25396 between DOE/NNSA and Los Alamos National Security, LLC (LANS), LANS is committed to building a strong supplier base with Northern New Mexico businesses and the local Native American pueblos in the purchases of goods and services. Contact Small Business Office (505) 667-4419 Email We seek out and utilize known Northern New Mexico business as suppliers The Northern New Mexico counties included are Los Alamos Santa Fe Rio Arriba Taos Mora San Miguel Sandoval The eight regional pueblos included are Nambe Ohkay Owingeh (formerly known as San Juan) Picuris Pojoaque San Ildefonso Santa Clara Taos Tesuque When the Laboratory cannot identify regional firms, it will expand its

83

Regional and Global Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Products > Regional/Global Products > Regional/Global Regional and Global Data Biogeochemical Dynamics Data Regional and global biogeochemical dynamics data can be used to improve our understanding of the structure and function of various ecosystems; to enable prediction across spatial and temporal scales; and to parameterize and validate terrestrial ecosystem models. The ORNL DAAC compiles, archives, and distributes more than 150 products from the following projects: Climate Collections Hydroclimatology Collections ISLSCP II Project Net Primary Productivity (NPP) River Discharge (RIVDIS) Russian Land Cover (RLC) Soil Collections Vegetation Collections Vegetation-Ecosystem Modeling (VEMAP) Climate Collections Climate collections include measured and modeled values for variables such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, radiation, wind velocity, and

84

RECOVERY OF URANIUM VALUES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid-liquid extraction method is presented for recovering uranium values from an aqueous acidic solution by means of certain high molecular weight amine in the amine classes of primary, secondary, heterocyclic secondary, tertiary, or heterocyclic tertiary. The uranium bearing aqueous acidic solution is contacted with the selected amine dissolved in a nonpolar water-immiscible organic solvent such as kerosene. The uranium which is substantially completely exiracted by the organic phase may be stripped therefrom by waters and recovered from the aqueous phase by treatment into ammonia to precipitate ammonium diuranate.

Brown, K.B.; Crouse, D.J. Jr.; Moore, J.G.

1959-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

85

Regional Inventories  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: This year has not started well for gasoline inventories, with inventories being low across regions of the country. The Midwest region (PADD II) had been running lower than most regions, but began to catch up during the last week in April. Gasoline inventories ran about 9% below their 5-year average for this time of year and about 4% below where they were last year. The recent refinery problems in the Midwest, though, could erase some of that recovery. The impacts of Tosco's Wood River refinery and Marathon's St Paul refinery are not fully realized. But inventories were also precariously low along the East Coast (PADD I) and are extremely low in the Rocky Mountain region (PADD IV), although the size of this market mitigates any national impact. While the

86

Global hypothesis test to simultaneously compare the predictive values of two binary diagnostic tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The positive and negative predictive values of a binary diagnostic test are measures of the clinical accuracy of the diagnostic test, which depend on the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic test and the disease prevalence, and therefore they ... Keywords: Global hypothesis test, Multiple comparisons, Positive and negative predictive values

José Antonio Roldán Nofuentes; Juan de Dios Luna del Castillo; Miguel Ángel Montero Alonso

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

VALUES IN PLACE: INTERSECTING VALUES IN RAILS TO TRAILS LANDSCAPES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation is a study of the values and meanings people attach to places and why exploring those values is important in trails and historic… (more)

Brownell, Lisa Rainey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF COLD WATER...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NEGATIVE IMPACT OF COLD WATER BYPASS ON SOLAR DOMESTIC HOT WATER SYSTEMS Final Report DRAFT Prepared for THE NEW YORK STATE ENERGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY Albany, NY...

89

PVLV: The Primary Value and Learned Value Pavlovian Learning Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Colorado at Boulder The authors present their primary value learned value (PVLV) model robust to variability in the environment. The primary value (PV) system controls performance and learning during primary rewards, whereas the learned value (LV) system learns about conditioned stimuli. The PV

O'Reilly, Randall C.

90

Determining the Capacity Value of Wind: An Updated Survey of Methods and Implementation; Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper summarizes state and regional studies examining the capacity value of wind energy, how different regions define and implement capacity reserve requirements, and how wind energy is defined as a capacity resource in those regions.

Milligan, M.; Porter, K.

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Mortgage Debt Overhang: Reduced Investment by Homeowners with Negative Equity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[Do not cite without author’s permission] Homeowners with negative equity have less incentive to invest in their property. They face a debt overhang: in expectation, some value created by equity investments in the property will go to the lender. Using rich microdata on household expenditures, I show that debt overhang plays an important role in household financial decisions. I find that homeowners with negative equity cut back substantially on mortgage principal payments, home improvements and home maintenance spending. At the same time, these households show no difference in durable spending on automobiles, furniture and home appliances, investments that are not attached to the home. The decline in mortgage principal payments is particularly large for negative equity homeowners in non-recourse states, where strategic default is more likely because lenders have limited claim on non-housing wealth. Debt overhang, rather than financial constraints, best explains this set of facts. Given the prevalence of negative home equity in today’s housing market, the results suggest that home prices will grow more slowly in the future because of underinvestment. In addition, the potential deadweight loss due to home foreclosures is only part

Brian T. Melzer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

202-328-5000 www.rff.orgCO2 Allowance Allocation in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the Effect on Electricity Investors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) is an effort by nine Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states to develop a regional, mandatory, market-based cap-and-trade program to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the electricity sector. The initiative is expected to lead to an increase in the price of electricity in the RGGI region and beyond. The implications of these changes for the value of electricity-generating assets and the market value of the firms that own them depends on the initial allocation of carbon dioxide allowances, the composition of generating assets owned by the firm, and the locations of those assets. Changes in asset values inside the RGGI region may be positive or negative, whereas changes outside of the RGGI region are almost always positive but nonetheless vary greatly. Viewing changes at the firm level aggregates and moderates both positive and negative effects on market value compared with what would be observed by looking at changes at individual facilities. Nonetheless, a particular firm’s portfolio of assets is unlikely to reflect the overall composition of assets in the industry as a whole, and some firms are likely to do substantially better or worse than the industry average. Key Words: emissions trading, allowance allocations, electricity, air pollution, auction, grandfathering, generation-performance standard, output-based allocation, costeffectiveness,

Dallas Burtraw; Danny Kahn; Karen Palmer; Dallas Burtraw; Danny Kahn; Karen Palmer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Avoiding Negative Probabilities in Quantum Mechanics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As currently understood since its discovery, the bare Klein-Gordon theory consists of negative quantum probabilities which are considered to be physically meaningless if not outright obsolete. Despite this annoying setback, these negative probabilities are what led the great Paul Dirac in 1928 to the esoteric discovery of the Dirac Equation. The Dirac Equation led to one of the greatest advances in our understanding of the physical world. In this reading, we ask the seemingly senseless question, "Do negative probabilities exist in quantum mechanics?" In an effort to answer this question, we arrive at the conclusion that depending on the choice one makes of the quantum probability current, one will obtain negative probabilities. We thus propose a new quantum probability current of the Klein-Gordon theory. This quantum probability current leads directly to positive definite quantum probabilities. Because these negative probabilities are in the bare Klein-Gordon theory, intrinsically a result of negative energies, the fact that we here arrive at a theory with positive probabilities, means that negative energy particles are not to be considered problematic as is the case in the bare Klein-Gordon theory. From an abstract-objective stand-point; in comparison with positive energy particles, the corollary is that negative energy particles should have equal chances to exist. As to why these negative energy particles do not exist, this is analogous to asking why is it that Dirac's antimatter does not exist in equal proportions with matter. This problem of why negative energy particles do not exist in equal proportions with positive energy particles is a problem that needs to be solved by a future theory.

Golden Gadzirayi Nyambuya

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

94

Electron energy recovery system for negative ion sources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electron energy recovery system for negative ion sources is provided. The system, employs crossed electric and magnetic fields to separate the electrons from ions as they are extracted from a negative ion source plasma generator and before the ions are accelerated to their full kinetic energy. With the electric and magnetic fields oriented 90.degree. to each other, the electrons are separated from the plasma and remain at approximately the electrical potential of the generator in which they were generated. The electrons migrate from the ion beam path in a precessing motion out of the ion accelerating field region into an electron recovery region provided by a specially designed electron collector electrode. The electron collector electrode is uniformly spaced from a surface of the ion generator which is transverse to the direction of migration of the electrons and the two surfaces are contoured in a matching relationship which departs from a planar configuration to provide an electric field component in the recovery region which is parallel to the magnetic field thereby forcing the electrons to be directed into and collected by the electron collector electrode. The collector electrode is maintained at a potential slightly positive with respect to the ion generator so that the electrons are collected at a small fraction of the full accelerating supply voltage energy.

Dagenhart, William K. (Oak Ridge, TN); Stirling, William L. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Value of solar thermal industrial process heat  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study estimated the value of solar thermal-generated industrial process heat (IPH) as a function of process heat temperature. The value of solar thermal energy is equal to the cost of producing energy from conventional fuels and equipment if the energy produced from either source provides an equal level of service. This requirement put the focus of this study on defining and characterizing conventional process heat equipment and fuels. Costs (values) were estimated for 17 different design points representing different combinations of conventional technologies, temperatures, and fuels. Costs were first estimated for median or representative conditions at each design point. The cost impact of capacity factor, efficiency, fuel escalation rate, and regional fuel price differences were then evaluated by varying each of these factors within credible ranges.

Brown, D.R.; Fassbender, L.L.; Chockie, A.D.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Challenges for Na-ion Negative Electrodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Na-ion batteries have been proposed as candidates for replacing Li-ion batteries. In this paper we examine the viability of Na-ion negative electrode materials based on Na alloys or hard carbons in terms of volumetric ...

Chevrier, V. L.

97

Negative ion formation processes: A general review  

SciTech Connect

The principal negative ion formation processes will be briefly reviewed. Primary emphasis will be placed on the more efficient and universal processes of charge transfer and secondary ion formation through non-thermodynamic surface ionization. 86 refs., 20 figs.

Alton, G.D.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

The Value of Emissions Trading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper estimates the value of international emissions trading, focusing attention on a here-to-fore neglected component: its value as a hedge against uncertainty. Much analysis has been done of the Kyoto Protocol and ...

Webster, Mort David.

99

Negative Energy Seen By Accelerated Observers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The sampled negative energy density seen by inertial observers, in arbitrary quantum states is limited by quantum inequalities, which take the form of an inverse relation between the magnitude and duration of the negative energy. The quantum inequalities severely limit the utilization of negative energy to produce gross macroscopic effects, such as violations of the second law of thermodynamics. The restrictions on the sampled energy density along the worldlines of accelerated observers are much weaker than for inertial observers. Here we will illustrate this with several explicit examples. We consider the worldline of a particle undergoing sinusoidal motion in space in the presence of a single mode squeezed vacuum state of the electromagnetic field. We show that it is possible for the integrated energy density along such a worldline to become arbitrarily negative at a constant average rate. Thus the averaged weak energy condition is violated in these examples.This can be the case even when the particle moves at non-relativistic speeds. We use the Raychaudhuri equation to show that there can be net defocussing of a congruence of these accelerated worldlines. This defocussing is an operational signature of the negative integrated energy density. These results in no way invalidate nor undermine either the validity or utility of the quantum inequalities for inertial observers. In particular, they do not change previous constraints on the production of macroscopic effects with negative energy, e.g., the maintenance of traversable wormholes.

L. H. Ford; Thomas A. Roman

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

100

Capacity Value of Solar Power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evaluating the capacity value of renewable energy sources can pose significant challenges due to their variable and uncertain nature. In this paper the capacity value of solar power is investigated. Solar capacity value metrics and their associated calculation methodologies are reviewed and several solar capacity studies are summarized. The differences between wind and solar power are examined, the economic importance of solar capacity value is discussed and other assessments and recommendations are presented.

Duignan, Roisin; Dent, Chris; Mills, Andrew; Samaan, Nader A.; Milligan, Michael; Keane, Andrew; O'Malley, Mark

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Value Modeling of Customer Satisfaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses a topic of central importance in asset management: the development and use of value models. Value models translate corporate goals into operational measures for use in decision making, such as decisions regarding resource allocation, capital investment, and OM budgeting. In particular, this report deals with modeling the value of customer satisfaction and provides practical guidance on how to use information available in utility customer satisfaction studies to develop value models....

2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

102

CAPITAL REGION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

t 09/20/07 15:28 FAX 301 903 4656 t 09/20/07 15:28 FAX 301 903 4656 CAPITAL REGION 0 j002 SDOE F 1325.8 (8-89) EFG (0790) Energy United States Government Department of Energy Memorandum DATE. September 18, 2007 Audit Report No.: OAS-L-07-23 REPLY TO: IG-34 (A07TG036) SUBJECT: Evaluation of "The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Cyber Security Program-2007" TO: Chairman, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission The purpose of this report is to inform you of the results o Four evaluation of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (Commission) cyber security program. The evaluation was initiated in May 2007, and our fieldwork was conducted through September 2007. Our methodology is described in the attachment to this report. . INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Commission reports that it is constantly improving thl stability, reliability, and

103

Negative azimuthal force of a nanofiber-guided light on a particle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the force of a quasicircularly polarized guided light field of a nanofiber on a dielectric spherical particle. We show that the orbital parts of the axial and azimuthal components of the Poynting vector are always positive while the spin parts can be either positive or negative. We find that, for appropriate values of the size parameter of the particle, the azimuthal component of the force is directed oppositely to the circulation direction of the energy flow around the nanofiber. The occurrence of such a negative azimuthal force indicates that the particle undergoes a negative torque.

Kien, Fam Le

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Quantum Confinement and Negative Heat Capacity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamics dictates that the specific heat of a system is strictly non-negative. However, in finite classical systems there are well known theoretical and experimental cases where this rule is violated, in particular finite atomic clusters. Here, we show for the first time that negative heat capacity can also occur in finite quantum systems. The physical scenario on which this effect might be experimentally observed is discussed. Observing such an effect might lead to the design of new light harvesting nano devices, in particular a solar nano refrigerator.

Pablo Serra; Marcelo Carignano; Fahhad Alharbi; Sabre Kais

2013-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

105

Quantum physics and human values  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses the following concepts: the quantum conception of nature; the quantum conception of man; and the impact upon human values. (LSP).

Stapp, H.P.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Partial energies fluctuations and negative heat capacities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We proceed to a critical examination of the method used in nuclear fragmentation to exhibit signals of negative heat capacity. We show that this method leads to unsatisfactory results when applied to a simple and well controlled model. Discrepancies are due to incomplete evaluation of potential energies.

Xavier Campi; H. Krivine; E. Plagnol; N. Sator

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

107

Partial energies fluctuations and negative heat capacities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We proceed to a critical examination of the method used in nuclear fragmentation to exhibit signals of negative heat capacity. We show that this method leads to unsatisfactory results when applied to a simple and well controlled model. Discrepancies are due to incomplete evaluation of potential energies.

Campi, X; Plagnol, E; Campi, Xavier; ccsd-00002099, ccsd

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Negative Bias Temperature Instability in CMOS Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews the experimental and modeling efforts to understand the mechanism of Negative Bias Temperature Instability (NBTI) in p-MOSFETs, which is becoming a serious reliability concern for analog and digital CMOS circuits. Conditions for interface ... Keywords: MOSFET, NBTI, Reaction-Diffusion model, bulk traps, hydrogen diffusion, interface traps, parameter instability

S. Mahapatra; M. A. Alam; P. Bharath Kumar; T. R. Dalei; D. Varghese; D. Saha

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

NULL 'Value' Algebras and Logics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NULL is a special marker used in SQL to indicate that a value for an attribute of an object does not exist in the database. Its aim is a representation of “missing information and inapplicable information”. Although NULL is called null 'value' ...

Bernhard Thalheim; Klaus-Dieter Schewe

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Existence domains of large amplitude dust-acoustic solitons in non-thermal plasmas with positive and negative dust  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the traditional Sagdeev pseudopotential approach, the existence of large amplitude solitons is investigated for a plasma composed of cold negative dust, adiabatic positive dust, non-thermal ions and Boltzmann electrons. The lower and upper soliton Mach number limitations are determined as a function of various parameters and physical reasons are provided as to why these Mach number limits occur. Some regions in parameter space have been identified where only negative or positive solitons occur, whereas, other regions support the coexistence of both positive and negative potential solitons.

Maharaj, S. K. [South African National Space Agency Space Science, P O Box 32, Hermanus 7200 (South Africa); Bharuthram, R. [University of the Western Cape, Modderdam Road, Bellville 7530 (South Africa); Singh, S. V.; Lakhina, G. S. [Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, New Panvel, Navi Mumbai 410218 (India); Pillay, S. R. [University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000 (South Africa)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

111

Region 9: Pacific Rim Region, Regional Sustainability Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REGION 9: PACIFIC RIM REGION REGION 9: PACIFIC RIM REGION Regional Sustainability Plan Presented by Ruth Cox Region 9 Regional Administrator Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) May 22 nd , 2013 REGION 9 INFORMATION MANAGE Federal space  36 million RSF in Region Nine * 173 owned buildings, 955 leased buildings * 100,000 Federal workers housed DESIGN & CONSTRUCT new Federal buildings $1.4 billion in FY12 capital construction projects $318 million in FY13 - Los Angeles Courthouse project PROVIDE PROCUREMENT LEADERSHIP across the Federal government  $1.24 billion in total GSA Schedule sales in FY12  $468 million to small businesses  34,000 fleet vehicles, 53% of which are Alternative Fuel Vehicles Pacific Rim Profile - CA, AZ, NV, HI

112

Recognition of Negative Mesoscale Factors for Severe-Weather Potential: A Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The case of 7–8 June 1998 in eastern New Mexico and western Texas is used to illustrate the challenge of recognizing possible negative effects created by mesoscale processes. In this case, a region of cloud-covered cool air (which was associated ...

Charles A. Doswell III; Donald V. Baker; Charlie A. Liles

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Core Values | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Core Values Core Values Core Values People - People are our most important resource. We respect and use our experience and skills and appreciate our diversity. Business Excellence - We are fiscally responsible and actively pursue best business practices. Safety - We protect our human and material resources and promote safe work practices within the office and at our sites. Communication - We take full advantage of our virtual organization's strengths and share information freely across all levels of the organization. Leadership and Teamwork - We encourage leadership and teamwork at all levels of the organization. We value active participation and demonstrate respect for each other. Customer Service - We openly communicate with all our customers in a timely manner and actively seek opportunities to improve our services.

114

Market value and patent citations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Press, 1987. —, —, and —. “R&D, Patents, and Market ValueStock Market Valuation of R&D Investment during the 1980s. ”1976. Pakes, A. “On Patents, R&D, and the Stock Market Rate

Hall, Bronwyn H.; Jaffe, A; Trajtenberg, M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

ISO 14001 EMS VALUE PROPOSITION.  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this report is to identify business opportunities and value for Battelle Organizations to undertake IS0 14001 Environmental Management System Implementation and registration to the international standard as a corporate strategic initiative.

BRIGGS,S.L.K.

2001-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

116

Studies of transition states and radicals by negative ion photodetachment  

SciTech Connect

Negative ion photodetachment is a versatile tool for the production and study of transient neutral species such as reaction intermediates and free radicals. Photodetachment of the stable XHY{sup {minus}} anion provides a direct spectroscopic probe of the transition state region of the potential energy surface for the neutral hydrogen transfer reaction X + HY {yields} XH + Y, where X and Y are halogen atoms. The technique is especially sensitive to resonances, which occur at a specific energy, but the spectra also show features due to direct scattering. We have used collinear adiabatic simulations of the photoelectron spectra to evaluate trail potential energy surfaces for the biomolecular reactions and have extended the adiabatic approach to three dimensions and used it to evaluate empirical potential energy surfaces for the I + Hl and Br + HI reactions. In addition, we have derived an empirical, collinear potential energy surface for the Br + HBr reaction that reproduces our experimental results and have extended this surface to three dimensions. Photodetachment of a negative ion can be also used to study neutral free radicals. We have studied the vibrational and electronic spectroscopy of CH{sub 2}NO{sub 2} by photoelectron spectroscopy of CH{sub 2}NO{sub 2}{sup {minus}}, determining the electron affinity of CH{sub 2}NO{sub 2}, gaining insight on the bonding of the {sup 2}B{sub 1} ground state and observing the {sup 2}A{sub 2} excited state for the first time. Negative ion photodetachment also provides a novel and versatile source of mass-selected, jet-cooled free radicals. We have studied the photodissociation of CH{sub 2}NO{sub 2} at 270, 235, and 208 nm, obtaining information on the dissociation products by measuring the kinetic energy release in the photodissociation.

Metz, R.B.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Generating multivariate extreme value distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We define in a probabilistic way a parametric family of multivariate extreme value distributions. We derive its copula, which is a mixture of several complete dependent copulas and total independent copulas, and the bivariate tail dependence and extremal coefficients. Based on the obtained results for these coefficients, we propose a method to built multivariate extreme value distributions with prescribed tail/extremal coefficients. We illustrate the results with examples of simulation of these distributions.

Ferreira, Helena

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Negative Electrodes for Li-Ion Batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Graphitized carbons have played a key role in the successful commercialization of Li-ion batteries. The physicochemical properties of carbon cover a wide range; therefore identifying the optimum active electrode material can be time consuming. The significant physical properties of negative electrodes for Li-ion batteries are summarized, and the relationship of these properties to their electrochemical performance in nonaqueous electrolytes, are discussed in this paper.

Kinoshita, Kim; Zaghib, Karim

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Negative Sequence Effects on Generator Rotors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Main generator rotors are constructed and designed to provide decades of reliable and trouble-free operation. However, a number of negative sequence and motoring incidences have occurred over the years that can adversely impact reliable operation of generator rotors and, ultimately, production of electrical power. Severe overheating leads to rotor material changes, such as steel hardness, and may if not detected, ultimately lead to catastrophic failure. This report discusses the effects of severe negativ...

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

120

Negative Halogen Ions for Fusion Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Over the past quarter century, advances in hydrogen negative ion sources have extended the usable range of hydrogen isotope neutral beams to energies suitable for large magnetically confined fusion devices. Recently, drawing upon this experience, negative halogen ions have been proposed as an alternative to positive ions for heavy ion fusion drivers in inertial confinement fusion, because electron accumulation would be prevented in negative ion beams, and if desired, the beams could be photo-detached to neutrals. This paper reports the results of an experiment comparing the current density and beam emittance of Cl+ and Cl- extracted from substantially ion-ion plasmas with that of Ar+ extracted from an ordinary electron-ion plasma, all using the same source, extractor, and emittance scanner. At similar discharge conditions, the Cl- current was typically 85 – 90% of the positive chlorine current, with an e-/ Cl- ratio as low as seven without grid magnets. The Cl- was as much as 76% of the Ar+ current from a discharge with the same RF drive. The minimum normalized beam emittance and inferred ion temperatures of Cl+, Cl-, and Ar+ were all similar, so the current density and optical quality of Cl- appear as suitable for heavy ion fusion driver applications as a positive noble gas ion of similar mass. Since F, I, and Br should all behave similarly in an ion source, they should also be suitable as driver beams.

Grisham, L.R.; Kwan, J.W.; Hahto, S.K.; Hahto, S.T.; Leung, K.N.; Westenskow, G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Anisotropic and Negative Acoustic Index Metamaterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

layers of air and brass is then shown theoretically andfrom alternating layers of brass (white) and air (color) toy-direction perpendicular to a brass layer. The air regions

Fok, Lee Ren

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

A Negative-Overhead, Self-Timed Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This' paper presents' a novel variation of wave pipelining that we call "surfing." In previous wave pipelined designs, timing uncertainty grows' monotonically as events' propagate through gates or other logic elements'. We bound this dispersion by propagating a timing pulse along with the data values. Our logic elements have delays' that are smaller in the presence of the pulse than in its' absence. This' produces a "surfing " effect: events' are bound in close proximity to the timing pulse. We demonstrate this approach with the design of a 4x12 multiplier. Spice simulations from the extracted layout indicate that this design is robust in the presence of fabrication parameter variation and power supply noise. Because timing is' maintained by accelerating the logic, our designs achieve lower latency than their purely combinational equivalents'. Thus, the control overhead for these designs is' indeed negative.

Brian D. Winters; Mark R. Greenstreet

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Nonlinear beam deflection in photonic lattices with negative defects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate both theoretically and experimentally that a nonlinear beam can be reflected by a negative defect in a photonic lattice if the incident angle is below a threshold value. Above this threshold angle, the beam simply passes through the defect. This phenomenon occurs in both one- and two-dimensional photonic lattices, and it provides a way to use the incident angle to control beam propagation in a lattice network. If the defect is absent or positive, no evident transition from reflection to transmission occurs. These nonlinear phenomena are also compared with linear nondiffracting-beam propagation in a photonic lattice with a defect, and both similarities and differences are observed. In addition, some important features in linear and nonlinear beam propagations are explained analytically by using a linear model with a delta-function defect.

Wang Jiandong [College of Physical Electronics, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054 (China); Ye Zhuoyi; Lou Cibo [TEDA Applied Physical School, Nankai University, Tianjin 300457 (China); Miller, Alexandra; Zhang Peng [Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California 94132 (United States); Hu Yi; Chen Zhigang [TEDA Applied Physical School, Nankai University, Tianjin 300457 (China); Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California 94132 (United States); Yang Jianke [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05401 (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

Negative Quasi-Probability as a Resource for Quantum Computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A central problem in quantum information is to determine the minimal physical resources that are required for quantum computational speedup and, in particular, for fault-tolerant quantum computation. We establish a remarkable connection between the potential for quantum speed-up and the onset of negative values in a distinguished quasi-probability representation, a discrete analog of the Wigner function for quantum systems of odd dimension. This connection allows us to resolve an open question on the existence of bound states for magic-state distillation: we prove that there exist mixed states outside the convex hull of stabilizer states that cannot be distilled to non-stabilizer target states using stabilizer operations. We also provide an efficient simulation protocol for Clifford circuits that extends to a large class of mixed states, including bound universal states.

Victor Veitch; Christopher Ferrie; David Gross; Joseph Emerson

2012-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

125

Experimental evaluation of a negative ion source for a heavy ion fusion negative ion driver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Laboratory using chlorine in an RF-driven ionion sources) a negative chlorine current density of 45 mA/cm57 mA/cm 2 of positive chlorine, suggesting the presence of

Grisham, L.R.; Hahto, S.K.; Hahto, S.T.; Kwan, J.W.; Leung, K.N.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Capacity Value of Wind Power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power systems are planned such that they have adequate generation capacity to meet the load, according to a defined reliability target. The increase in the penetration of wind generation in recent years has led to a number of challenges for the planning and operation of power systems. A key metric for system adequacy is the capacity value of generation. The capacity value of a generator is the contribution that a given generator makes to overall system adequacy. The variable and stochastic nature of wind sets it apart from conventional energy sources. As a result, the modeling of wind generation in the same manner as conventional generation for capacity value calculations is inappropriate. In this paper a preferred method for calculation of the capacity value of wind is described and a discussion of the pertinent issues surrounding it is given. Approximate methods for the calculation are also described with their limitations highlighted. The outcome of recent wind capacity value analyses in Europe and North America are highlighted with a description of open research questions also given.

Keane, Andrew; Milligan, Michael; Dent, Chris; Hasche, Bernhard; DAnnunzio, Claudine; Dragoon, Ken; Holttinen, Hannele; Samaan, Nader A.; Soder, Lennart; O'Malley, Mark J.

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

127

The role of high Rydberg states in the generation of negative ions in negative-ion discharges  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The generation of substantial yields of H{sup {minus}} ions in a laser excited H{sub 2} gas has been reported by Pinnaduwage and Christoforu. These H{sup {minus}} yields have been attributed to (2 + 1) REMP photoexcitation processes leading to dissociative attachment of doubly-excited or superexcited states (SES), or dissociative attachment of high Rydberg product states. The new feature of these experiments is the implied large dissociative attachment rates, of order 10{sup {minus}6} cm{sup 3} sec{sup {minus}1}, values that are orders-of-magnitude larger than the dissociative attachment of the vibrationally excited levels of the ground electronic state. While these laser excitations are not directly applicable to a hydrogen negative-ion discharge, the implication of large dissociative attachment rates to the high Rydberg states may affect both the total negative-ion density and the interpretation of discharge performance. Within the discharge energetic electrons will collisionally excite the higher Rydberg states, and the relative contribution of the dissociative attachment of these states when compared with the dissociative attachment to the ground state vibrational levels, is the topic of this paper.

Hiskes, J.R.

1995-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

128

Preliminary resolved resonance region evaluation of copper-63 from 0 to 300 keV  

SciTech Connect

A new preliminary evaluation of Cu-63 was done in the energy region from 0 to 300 keV extending the resolved resonance region of the previous, ENDF/B-VII.0, evaluation three-fold. The new evaluation was based on three experimental transmission data sets; two measured at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator (ORELA) and one from the Massachusetts Inst. of Technology Nuclear Reactor (MITR). A total of 275 new resonances were identified and a corresponding set of external resonances was approximated to mock up the external levels. The negative external levels (bound level) were modified to match the thermal cross section values. A preliminary benchmarking calculation was made using 11 ICSBEP benchmarks. This work is in support of the DOE Nuclear Criticality Safety Program. (authors)

Sobes, V.; Forget, B. [Dept. of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, Bldg. 24, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Leal, L.; Guber, K. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Methods of valuing environmental externalities  

SciTech Connect

Estimating a monetary value for environmental externalities provides an approximation of the societal value of reducing impacts on human health and the environment from electrical energy supply. This method can be used for comparison of resources, including utility and nonutility generation, demand-side management and off-system power purchases. A dollar estimate of the full societal cost of the supply option is established by placing a value on its air, water and terrestrial effects and adding these costs to the option's capital, operating and maintenance costs. This article provides a rationale for monetizing externalities and addresses the strengths and weaknesses of four techniques for monetizing, with examples of the application of each method. The authors preferred technique for incorporating externalities into utility planning in the near term - implied valuation through the estimation of the marginal cost of abatement - is discussed in detail. 2 tabs.

Chernick, P.; Caverhill, E. (Resource Insight, Boston, MA (USA))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Measuring wind plant capacity value  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electric utility planners and wind energy researchers pose a common question: What is the capacity value of a wind plant? Tentative answers, which can be phrased in a variety of ways, are based on widely varying definitions and methods of calculation. From the utility`s point of view, a resource that has no capacity value also has a reduced economic value. Utility planners must be able to quantify the capacity value of a wind plant so that investment in conventional generating capacity can be potentially offset by the capacity value of the wind plant. Utility operations personnel must schedule its conventional resources to ensure adequate generation to meet load. Given a choice between two resources, one that can be counted on and the other that can`t, the utility will avoid the risky resource. This choice will be reflected in the price that the utility will pay for the capacity: higher capacity credits result in higher payments. This issue is therefore also important to the other side of the power purchase transaction -- the wind plant developer. Both the utility and the developer must accurately assess the capacity value of wind. This article summarizes and evaluates some common methods of evaluating capacity credit. During the new era of utility deregulation in the United States, it is clear that many changes will occur in both utility planning and operations. However, it is my judgement that the evaluation of capacity credit for wind plants will continue to play an important part in renewable energy development in the future.

Milligan, M.R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Median statistics cosmological parameter values  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present median statistics central values and ranges for 12 cosmological parameters, using 582 measurements (published during 1990-2010) collected by Croft & Dailey (2011). On comparing to the recent Planck collaboration Ade et al. 2013 estimates of 11 of these parameters, we find good consistency in nine cases.

Crandall, Sara

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Smart Grid Characteristics, Values, and Metrics | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Characteristics, Values, and Metrics Smart Grid Characteristics, Values, and Metrics DOE Smart Grid Implementation Worksho Smart Grid Characteristics, Values, and Metrics More...

133

Earned Value Management System RM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Earned Value Management System Review Module Earned Value Management System Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O Ea 0 OFFICE OF arned Va C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R alue Man Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan agement view Module sion (CD) Ap CD March 2010 L MANAGE n (SRP) t System e pplicability D-3 EMENT (EVMS) CD-4 Post Ope eration Standard Review Plan, 2 nd Edition, March 2010 i FOREWORD The Standard Review Plan (SRP) 1 provides a consistent, predictable corporate review framework to ensure that issues and risks that could challenge the success of Office of Environmental Management (EM) projects are identified early and addressed proactively. The internal EM project review process encompasses key milestones established by DOE O 413.3A, Change 1, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets, DOE-STD-1189-2008,

134

ADSORPTION METHOD FOR SEPARATING THORIUM VALUES FROM URANIUM VALUES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved ion exchange method is described for recovery of uranium and thorium values as separate functions from an aqueous acidic solution containing less than 10/sup -3/ M thorium ions and between 0.1 and 1 M uranyl ions. The solution is passed through a bed of cation exchange resin in the acid form to adsorb all the thorium ions and a portion of the uranyl ions. The uranium is eluted by means of aqueous 0.1 to 0.4 M sulfuric acid. The thorium may then be stripped from the resin by elution with aqueous 0.5 M oxalic acid.

Boyd, G.E.; Russell, E.R.; Schubert, J.

1959-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Value of Concentrating Solar Power and Thermal Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the value of concentrating solar power (CSP) and thermal energy storage (TES) in four regions in the southwestern United States. Our analysis shows that TES can increase the value of CSP by allowing more thermal energy from a CSP plant?s solar field to be used, by allowing a CSP plant to accommodate a larger solar field, and by allowing CSP generation to be shifted to hours with higher energy prices. We analyze the sensitivity of CSP value to a number of factors, including the optimization period, price and solar forecasting, ancillary service sales, capacity value and dry cooling of the CSP plant. We also discuss the value of CSP plants and TES net of capital costs.

Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The purpose of this report is to assist the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 1) establishing a framework for understanding the role electricity storage resources (storage) can play in wholesale and retail electricity markets, 2) assessing the value of electricity storage in a variety of regions or markets, 3) analyzing current and potential issues that can affect the valuation of storage by investors at the wholesale and retail level, and 4) identifying areas for future research and development for electricity storage technologies and applications. EAC - Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity

137

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The purpose of this report is to assist the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 1) establishing a framework for understanding the role electricity storage resources (storage) can play in wholesale and retail electricity markets, 2) assessing the value of electricity storage in a variety of regions or markets, 3) analyzing current and potential issues that can affect the valuation of storage by investors at the wholesale and retail level, and 4) identifying areas for future research and development for electricity storage technologies and applications. EAC - Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity

138

Functional visualisation of genes using singular value decomposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Progress in understanding core pathways and processes of cancer requires thorough analysis of many coding regions of the genome. New insights are hampered due to the lack of tools to make sense of large lists of genes identified using high throughput ... Keywords: gene ontology, genes, singular value decomposition, visualisation

Hamid Ghous, Paul J. Kennedy, Nicholas Ho, Daniel R. Catchpoole

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Gaussian measures of entanglement versus negativities: Ordering of two-mode Gaussian states  

SciTech Connect

We study the entanglement of general (pure or mixed) two-mode Gaussian states of continuous-variable systems by comparing the two available classes of computable measures of entanglement: entropy-inspired Gaussian convex-roof measures and positive partial transposition-inspired measures (negativity and logarithmic negativity). We first review the formalism of Gaussian measures of entanglement, adopting the framework introduced in M. M. Wolf et al., Phys. Rev. A 69, 052320 (2004), where the Gaussian entanglement of formation was defined. We compute explicitly Gaussian measures of entanglement for two important families of nonsymmetric two-mode Gaussian state: namely, the states of extremal (maximal and minimal) negativities at fixed global and local purities, introduced in G. Adesso et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 087901 (2004). This analysis allows us to compare the different orderings induced on the set of entangled two-mode Gaussian states by the negativities and by the Gaussian measures of entanglement. We find that in a certain range of values of the global and local purities (characterizing the covariance matrix of the corresponding extremal states), states of minimum negativity can have more Gaussian entanglement of formation than states of maximum negativity. Consequently, Gaussian measures and negativities are definitely inequivalent measures of entanglement on nonsymmetric two-mode Gaussian states, even when restricted to a class of extremal states. On the other hand, the two families of entanglement measures are completely equivalent on symmetric states, for which the Gaussian entanglement of formation coincides with the true entanglement of formation. Finally, we show that the inequivalence between the two families of continuous-variable entanglement measures is somehow limited. Namely, we rigorously prove that, at fixed negativities, the Gaussian measures of entanglement are bounded from below. Moreover, we provide some strong evidence suggesting that they are as well bounded from above.

Adesso, Gerardo; Illuminati, Fabrizio [Dipartimento di Fisica 'E. R. Caianiello', Universita di Salerno, CNR-Coherentia, Gruppo di Salerno (Italy); INFN Sezione di Napoli-Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Via S. Allende, 84081 Baronissi, SA (Italy)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

Production of intense negative hydrogen beams with polarized nuclei by selective neutralization of cold negative ions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for selectively neutralizing H/sup -/ ions in a magnetic field to produce an intense negative hydrogen ion beam with spin polarized protons. Characteristic features of the process include providing a multi-ampere beam of H/sup -/ ions that are

Hershcovitch, A.

1984-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Regional companies eye growth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional companies eye growth Regional companies eye growth Adaptive Radio Technologies, Los Alamos Visualization Associates, Mesa Tech International Inc., and ThermaSun Inc. were...

142

Method for resurrecting negative electron affinity photocathodes after exposure to an oxidizing gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method by which negative electron affinity photocathodes (201), single crystal, amorphous, or otherwise ordered, can be made to recover their quantum yield following exposure to an oxidizing gas has been discovered. Conventional recovery methods employ the use of cesium as a positive acting agent (104). In the improved recovery method, an electron beam (205), sufficiently energetic to generate a secondary electron cloud (207), is applied to the photocathode in need of recovery. The energetic beam, through the high secondary electron yield of the negative electron affinity surface (203), creates sufficient numbers of low energy electrons which act on the reduced-yield surface so as to negate the effects of absorbed oxidizing atoms thereby recovering the quantum yield to a pre-decay value.

Mulhollan, Gregory A; Bierman, John C

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

143

REGIONAL ASSESSMENT PROGRAM MASTER Regional Issue Identification  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from these Federal Region totals. Energy sources addressed were coal, nuclear, oil, oil shale, gas, geothermal, . - - - hydroelectric and solar. Six of the national laboratories,...

144

Negative Electrodes Improve Safety in Lithium Cells and Batteries...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Negative Electrodes Improve Safety in Lithium Cells and Batteries Technology available for licensing: Enhanced stability at a lower cost negativeelectrodes...

145

A greedy strategy for detecting negative cost cycles in networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we develop a greedy strategy for the problem of checking whether a network (directed graph) with positive and negative costs on its edges has a negative cost cycle. We call our approach the Vertex Contraction algorithm; it is the first ... Keywords: Bellman-Ford, Negative cost cycle detection, Relaxation, Vertex Contraction

K. Subramani; L. Kovalchick

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Negative heat capacities and first order phase transitions in nuclei and other mesoscopic systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The origin of predicted and observed anomalies in caloric curves of nuclei and other mesoscopic systems is investigated. It is shown that a straightforward thermodynamical treatment of an evaporating liquid drop leads to a backbending in the caloric curve and to negative specific heats in the two phase coexistence region. The cause is found not in the generation of additional surface, but in the progressive reduction of the drop's radius, and surface, with evaporation.

L. G. Moretto; J. B. Elliott; L. Phair; G. J. Wozniak

2000-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

147

Sharing values, sharing a vision  

SciTech Connect

Teamwork, partnership and shared values emerged as recurring themes at the Third Technology Transfer/Communications Conference. The program drew about 100 participants who sat through a packed two days to find ways for their laboratories and facilities to better help American business and the economy. Co-hosts were the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, where most meetings took place. The conference followed traditions established at the First Technology Transfer/Communications Conference, conceived of and hosted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory in May 1992 in Richmond, Washington, and the second conference, hosted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in January 1993 in Golden, Colorado. As at the other conferences, participants at the third session represented the fields of technology transfer, public affairs and communications. They came from Department of Energy headquarters and DOE offices, laboratories and production facilities. Continued in this report are keynote address; panel discussion; workshops; and presentations in technology transfer.

Not Available

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

148

Shale Oil Value Enhancement Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Raw kerogen oil is rich in heteroatom-containing compounds. Heteroatoms, N, S & O, are undesirable as components of a refinery feedstock, but are the basis for product value in agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, surfactants, solvents, polymers, and a host of industrial materials. An economically viable, technologically feasible process scheme was developed in this research that promises to enhance the economics of oil shale development, both in the US and elsewhere in the world, in particular Estonia. Products will compete in existing markets for products now manufactured by costly synthesis routes. A premium petroleum refinery feedstock is also produced. The technology is now ready for pilot plant engineering studies and is likely to play an important role in developing a US oil shale industry.

James W. Bunger

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

149

Quantum effects in electron emission from and accretion on negatively charged spherical particles in a complex plasma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors have investigated the electron emissions (thermionic, electric field, photoelectric, and light induced field) from and electron accretion on a charged particle in a complex plasma, on the basis of a three region electrical potential model in and around a charged spherical particle in a complex plasma, characterized by Debye shielding. A continuous variation of the transmission coefficient across the surface of a particle (corresponding to emission and accretion) with the radial electron energy {epsilon}{sub r} has been obtained. It is seen that the numerical values of the emission and accretion transmission coefficients [D({epsilon}{sub r})] are almost the same. This is the necessary and sufficient condition for the validity of Saha's equation for thermal equilibrium of a system of dust and electrons. This is in contrast to the earlier condition, which limited the range of validity of Saha's equation to the range of the applicability of Born approximation. It is seen that D({epsilon}{sub r}) increases with increasing {epsilon}{sub r}, increasing negative electric potential on the surface, decreasing radius, and deceasing Debye length. The electron currents, corresponding to thermionic, electric field, photoelectric and light induced field emission increase with increasing surface potential; this fact may have significant repercussions in complex plasma kinetics. Since numerically D({epsilon}{sub r}) is significantly different from unity in the range of {epsilon}{sub r} of interest, it is necessary to take into account the D({epsilon}{sub r})-{epsilon}{sub r} dependence in complex plasma theory.

Mishra, S. K. [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar (India); Sodha, M. S.; Misra, Shikha [DST Project, Department of Education Building, University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007 (India)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

150

Chapter 48 - Value Engineering | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

are here Home Chapter 48 - Value Engineering Chapter 48 - Value Engineering 48ValueEngineering0.pdf More Documents & Publications CHAPTER 3 Audit Report: OAS-L-07-08...

151

Photovoltaics Value Clearinghouse | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Photovoltaics Value Clearinghouse Jump to: navigation, search The Photovoltaics Value...

152

How Well Do Regional Climate Models Reproduce Radiation and Clouds in the Arctic? An Evaluation of ARCMIP Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Downwelling radiation in six regional models from the Arctic Regional Climate Model Intercomparison (ARCMIP) project is systematically biased negative in comparison with observations from the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean (SHEBA) ...

Michael Tjernström; Joseph Sedlar; Matthew D. Shupe

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

CODATA values of the fundamental constants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CODATA values of the fundamental physical constants. Summary: ... CODATA Task Group on Fundamental Constants websites at: ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

154

North American Regional Reanalysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1997, during the late stages of production of NCEP-NCAR Global Reanalysis (GR), exploration of a regional reanalysis project was suggested by the GR project's Advisory Committee, “particularly if the RDAS [Regional Data Assimilation System] is ...

Fedor Mesinger; Geoff DiMego; Eugenia Kalnay; Kenneth Mitchell; Perry C. Shafran; Wesley Ebisuzaki; Dušan Jovi?; Jack Woollen; Eric Rogers; Ernesto H. Berbery; Michael B. Ek; Yun Fan; Robert Grumbine; Wayne Higgins; Hong Li; Ying Lin; Geoff Manikin; David Parrish; Wei Shi

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Regional hydrothermal commercialization plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan for the Rocky Mountain Basin and Range Region articulates the complete range of initiatives (federal, state, local, and industrial) required for the early commercialization of the regions geothermal resources. (MHR)

1978-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

156

DOE: Quantifying the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid  

SciTech Connect

The report summarizes research to Quantify the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid. This 3-year DOE study focused on defining value of hydropower assets in a changing electric grid. Methods are described for valuation and planning of pumped storage and conventional hydropower. The project team conducted plant case studies, electric system modeling, market analysis, cost data gathering, and evaluations of operating strategies and constraints. Five other reports detailing these research results are available a project website, www.epri.com/hydrogrid. With increasing deployment of wind and solar renewable generation, many owners, operators, and developers of hydropower have recognized the opportunity to provide more flexibility and ancillary services to the electric grid. To quantify value of services, this study focused on the Western Electric Coordinating Council region. A security-constrained, unit commitment and economic dispatch model was used to quantify the role of hydropower for several future energy scenarios up to 2020. This hourly production simulation considered transmission requirements to deliver energy, including future expansion plans. Both energy and ancillary service values were considered. Addressing specifically the quantification of pumped storage value, no single value stream dominated predicted plant contributions in various energy futures. Modeling confirmed that service value depends greatly on location and on competition with other available grid support resources. In this summary, ten different value streams related to hydropower are described. These fell into three categories; operational improvements, new technologies, and electricity market opportunities. Of these ten, the study was able to quantify a monetary value in six by applying both present day and future scenarios for operating the electric grid. This study confirmed that hydropower resources across the United States contribute significantly to operation of the grid in terms of energy, capacity, and ancillary services. Many potential improvements to existing hydropower plants were found to be cost-effective. Pumped storage is the most likely form of large new hydro asset expansions in the U.S. however, justifying investments in new pumped storage plants remains very challenging with current electricity market economics. Even over a wide range of possible energy futures, up to 2020, no energy future was found to bring quantifiable revenues sufficient to cover estimated costs of plant construction. Value streams not quantified in this study may provide a different cost-benefit balance and an economic tipping point for hydro. Future studies are essential in the quest to quantify the full potential value. Additional research should consider the value of services provided by advanced storage hydropower and pumped storage at smaller time steps for integration of variable renewable resources, and should include all possible value streams such as capacity value and portfolio benefits i.e.; reducing cycling on traditional generation.

None

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

157

Hierarchical probabilistic regionalization of volcanism for Sengan region, Japan.  

SciTech Connect

A 1 km square regular grid system created on the Universal Transverse Mercator zone 54 projected coordinate system is used to work with volcanism related data for Sengan region. The following geologic variables were determined as the most important for identifying volcanism: geothermal gradient, groundwater temperature, heat discharge, groundwater pH value, presence of volcanic rocks and presence of hydrothermal alteration. Data available for each of these important geologic variables were used to perform directional variogram modeling and kriging to estimate geologic variable vectors at each of the 23949 centers of the chosen 1 km cell grid system. Cluster analysis was performed on the 23949 complete variable vectors to classify each center of 1 km cell into one of five different statistically homogeneous groups with respect to potential volcanism spanning from lowest possible volcanism to highest possible volcanism with increasing group number. A discriminant analysis incorporating Bayes theorem was performed to construct maps showing the probability of group membership for each of the volcanism groups. The said maps showed good comparisons with the recorded locations of volcanism within the Sengan region. No volcanic data were found to exist in the group 1 region. The high probability areas within group 1 have the chance of being the no volcanism region. Entropy of classification is calculated to assess the uncertainty of the allocation process of each 1 km cell center location based on the calculated probabilities. The recorded volcanism data are also plotted on the entropy map to examine the uncertainty level of the estimations at the locations where volcanism exists. The volcanic data cell locations that are in the high volcanism regions (groups 4 and 5) showed relatively low mapping estimation uncertainty. On the other hand, the volcanic data cell locations that are in the low volcanism region (group 2) showed relatively high mapping estimation uncertainty. The volcanic data cell locations that are in the medium volcanism region (group 3) showed relatively moderate mapping estimation uncertainty. Areas of high uncertainty provide locations where additional site characterization resources can be spent most effectively. The new data collected can be added to the existing database to perform future regionalized mapping and reduce the uncertainty level of the existing estimations.

Balasingam, Pirahas (University of Arizona); Park, Jinyong (University of Arizona); McKenna, Sean Andrew; Kulatilake, Pinnaduwa H. S. W. (University of Arizona)

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Negative ion source with hollow cathode discharge plasma  

SciTech Connect

A negative ion source of the type where negative ions are formed by bombarding a low-work-function surface with positive ions and neutral particles from a plasma, wherein a highly ionized plasma is injected into an anode space containing the low-work-function surface. The plasma is formed by hollow cathode discharge and injected into the anode space along the magnetic field lines. Preferably, the negative ion source is of the magnetron type.

Hershcovitch, Ady (Mt. Sinai, NY); Prelec, Krsto (Setauket, NY)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Negative ion source with hollow cathode discharge plasma  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A negative ion source of the type where negative ions are formed by bombarding a low-work-function surface with positive ions and neutral particles from a plasma, wherein a highly ionized plasma is injected into an anode space containing the low-work-function surface is described. The plasma is formed by hollow cathode discharge and injected into the anode space along the magnetic field lines. Preferably, the negative ion source is of the magnetron type.

Hershcovitch, A.; Prelec, K.

1980-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

160

Regional air quality in the four corners studys region: modeling approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-dimensional Eulerian air pollutant transport model was used in an air quality study of the Four Corners region conducted for the National Commission on Air Quality. The regional modeling methodology and some sample results from the regional air quality analysis are presented. One major advantage of the regional transport model that was employed is that its solution involves the calculation of transfer coefficients that relate emissions to ambient concentrations and deposition and which can be used repeatedly to evaluate alternative scenarios and regulatory policies which represent different emission source configurations. The regional transport model was used in the calculation of the concentration and deposition of SO/sub 2/, SO/sub 4/, and primary fine particulates; and these estimates were used as inputs to regional atmospheric visibility and mass budget calculations. Previous studies have shown that the methods used in the regional air quality analysis give good agreement when comparing observed and estimated values.

Nochumson, D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Quantifying the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Work reported in this Technical Update is part of a larger project that is made up of multiple components and intends to utilize and enhance tools that can apply and value hydropower assets in the changing electric grid. The project employs several industry analyses and modeling tools at the unit level, the plant level, the system level, and the regional/national level for quantifying the benefits provided to transmission grids by conventional and pumped storage hydroelectric projects. The research proje...

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

162

Quantifying the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an effort to quantify the full value of hydropower assets in a future electric grid, a team of researchers has looked at energy futures, regional markets, plant technologies, and operations. This report addresses the cost-side of the cost-benefit equation to be used when considering hydropower facility investments. It identifies construction and modification elements and estimates associated with costs for pumped storage, conventional hydro, and non-powered facilities. Cost data from original plant co...

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

163

Revenues from Ancillary Services and the Value of Operational Flexibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The movement toward competitive regional wholesale power markets is creating the requirement and opportunity for generators to sell ancillary services in addition to energy. Calculation of revenues and net income from these sources is critical to assessing asset values, evaluating investments in order to obtain greater operating flexibility, and determining whether to retire or mothball units. This report reviews the status of ancillary services market development in the United States and Canada, and dem...

2002-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

164

Estimating the Economic 'Trade' Value of Increased Transmission Capability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors offer a new method of estimating the potential gains achievable via transmission expansion in moving power from lower-priced to higher-priced regions. Rather than relying on simulation approaches, where electricity is dispatched based on specific assumptions regarding market-bidding behavior, plant generating costs, and plant availability, this technique instead relies on actual market data to estimate this source of economic value. (author)

Kleit, Andrew N.; Reitzes, James D.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Exposure characteristics of high?resolution negative resists  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Positive and negative resist systems are both essential in the microfabrication of experimental devices. While numerous positive resists have been shown to have high?resolution

Kaolin Grace Chiong; Shalom Wind; David Seeger

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Combining Positive and Negative Thermal Expansion Materials to ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Combining Positive and Negative Thermal Expansion Materials to Tailor the Coefficient of Thermal Expansion in Metal/Ceramic Composites.

167

Negative-ion sources for neutral-beam systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are three main methods now used to produce negative hydrogen ions: charge exchange, volume production, and surface production, and this paper briefly describes these three systems.

Ehlers, K.W.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Omnidirectional Single-negative Gap and in Fibonacci Sequences ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

negative index materials (including DNG and SNG materials) have exhibited special features. [5–7]. It is found that the periodic stacking of alternating layers of

169

Structures with Negative Refractive Index for Applications in ...  

Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory researchers have developed materials and structures with a negative refractive index that potentially open new frontiers in ...

170

Western Regional Partnership Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regional Partnership Overview Regional Partnership Overview June 2013 Briefing Overview  WRP Background  Importance of Region  WRP Tribal Relations Committee  WRP Energy Committee WRP Region's Uniqueness  5 states stretching from the Great Plains to the Pacific Ocean  Diverse terrain ranging from desert valleys to forested mountains  Significant State Trust Landholdings  Approximately 188 Federally recognized Tribes  Significant amounts of Federally managed land  According to GSA 2004 study, WRP states range from 41.8% - 84.5% of total state land WRP Region's Importance to DoD  Extensive Training Ranges  Interconnected ground/air ranges provide unmatched warfighter training opportunities

171

Regional Dynamics Model (REDYN) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regional Dynamics Model (REDYN) Regional Dynamics Model (REDYN) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: REDYN Agency/Company /Organization: Regional Dynamics Inc. Sector: Energy Phase: Determine Baseline, "Evaluate Options and Determine Feasibility" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property., Develop Goals Topics: Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Macroeconomic Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.regionaldynamics.com/

172

Regional Comparisons, Spatial Aggregation,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Regional Comparisons, Spatial Aggregation, and Asymmetry of Price Pass-Through in U.S. Gasoline Markets MICHAEL YE*, JOHN ZYREN**, JOANNE SHORE**, AND MICHAEL BURDETTE** Abstract Spot to retail price pass-through behavior of the U.S. gasoline market was investigated at the national and regional levels, using weekly wholesale and retail motor gasoline prices from January 2000 to the present. Asymmetric pass-through was found across all regions, with faster pass-through when prices are rising. Pass-through patterns, in terms of speed and time for completion, were found to vary from region to region. Spatial aggregation was investigated at the national level and the East Coast with the aggregated cumulative pass-through being greater than the volume-weighted regional pass-through when spot prices increase. These results are useful to the petroleum industry, consumers,

173

On Negative Unfolding in the Answer Set Semantics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study negative unfolding for logic programs from a viewpoint of preservation of the answer set semantics. To this end, we consider negative unfolding in terms of nested expressions by Lifschitz et al., and regard it as a combination of the replacement ...

Hirohisa Seki

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Spectroscopy of transient neutral species via negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

Negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy has been used to study two types of transient neutral species: bound free radicals (NO{sub 2} and NO{sub 3}) and unstable neutral species ((IHI) and (FH{sub 2})). The negative ion time-of-flight photoelectron spectrometer used for these experiments is described in detail.

Weaver, A.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Spectroscopy of transient neutral species via negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy has been used to study two types of transient neutral species: bound free radicals (NO{sub 2} and NO{sub 3}) and unstable neutral species ([IHI] and [FH{sub 2}]). The negative ion time-of-flight photoelectron spectrometer used for these experiments is described in detail.

Weaver, A.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

What Is the True Value of Forecasts?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding the economic value of weather and climate forecasts is of tremendous practical importance. Traditional models that have attempted to gauge forecast value have focused on a best-case scenario, in which forecast users are assumed to ...

Antony Millner

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Value Study Desk Manual | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Value Desk Manual Value Study Desk Manual More Documents & Publications Cost Study Manual Audit Report: OAS-FS-12-05 DOE Response to 2012 EAC Recommendations - February 2013...

178

On-Line Analysis of Heating Value  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heating value, also called heat content or calorific value, is perhaps the most important coal quality index because it is a direct measure of heat released during combustion. It is a basic coal combustion property and, as such, is included in even the most basic purchasing specifications. This technology review details heating value and its variation. An overview of methods to derive heating value is included, as well as a review of existing and emerging technologies for the determination of the ash con...

1999-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

179

"Integrated Applications Promotion (IAP) Creating Value,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sustainability. #12;Energy Challenges: Areas Where Space Provide Added-Value ­ Evolution towards the SmartGrid

180

CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2002* Peter J. Mohr† and Barry N. Taylor ...

2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Value Analysis versus Total Quality Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...T.C. Fowler, Value Analysis in Materials Selection and Design, Materials Selection and Design, Vol 20, ASM Handbook,

182

Value-Based Operations and Maintenance Practices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities can maximize the net corporate value of their operating and maintenance practices through a systematic approach that employs decision analysis techniques and marginal-value analysis. In a case study that confirmed the merit of the value-based approach, Duke Power Company developed and tested decision trees for specific predictive maintenance scenarios.

1995-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

183

Value-passing CCS with noisy channels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Value-passing CCS, a full version of Milner's CCS, is a process algebra in which actions consist of sending and receiving values through noiseless communication channels. The full calculus is a succinct yet expressive language for the specification and ... Keywords: Barbed congruence, Bisimilarity, Noisy channel, Probabilistic modal logic, Value-passing CCS

Shuqin Huang; Yongzhi Cao; Hanpin Wang; Wanling Qu

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Scattering in the pion-nucleon negative parity channel in lattice QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the coupled pion-nucleon system (negative parity, isospin 1/2) based on a lattice QCD simulation for nf=2 mass degenerate light quarks. Both, standard 3-quarks baryon operators as well as meson-baryon (4+1)-quark operators are included. This is an exploratory study for just one lattice size and lattice spacing and at a pion mass of 266 MeV. Using the distillation method and variational analysis we determine energy levels of the lowest eigenstates. Comparison with the results of simple 3-quark correlation studies exhibits drastic differences and a new level appears. A clearer picture of the negative parity nucleon spectrum emerges. For the parameters of the simulation we may assume elastic s-wave scattering and can derive values of the phase shift.

C. B. Lang; V. Verduci

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

185

Scattering in the pion-nucleon negative parity channel in lattice QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the coupled pion-nucleon system (negative parity, isospin 1/2) based on a lattice QCD simulation for nf=2 mass degenerate light quarks. Both, standard 3-quarks baryon operators as well as meson-baryon (4+1)-quark operators are included. This is an exploratory study for just one lattice size and lattice spacing and at a pion mass of 266 MeV. Using the distillation method and variational analysis we determine energy levels of the lowest eigenstates. Comparison with the results of simple 3-quark correlation studies exhibits drastic differences and a new level appears. A clearer picture of the negative parity nucleon spectrum emerges. For the parameters of the simulation we may assume elastic s-wave scattering and can derive values of the phase shift.

Lang, C B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Regional Education Partners  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Northern New Mexico and LANL through effective partnerships with regional secondary and higher education organizations, businesses and industry. Contact Executive Office Director...

187

Regional Climate Information & Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information & Modeling Print E-mail The specific impacts and vulnerabilities posed by climate change are largely defined by regional differences 9in things like geography,...

188

The boardman regional flux experiment  

SciTech Connect

A field campaign was carried out near Boardman, Oregon, to study the effects of subgrid-scale variability of sensible- and latent-heat fluxes on surface boundary-layer properties. The experiment involved three U.S. Department of Energy laboratories, one National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration laboratory, and several universities. The experiment was conducted in a region of severe contrasts in adjacent surface types that accentuated the response of the atmosphere to variable surface forcing. Large values of sensible-heat flux and low values of latent-heat flux characterized a sagebrush steppe area; significantly smaller sensible-heat fluxes and much larger latent-heat fluxes were associated with extensive tracts of irrigated farmland to the north, east, and west of the steppe. Data were obtained from an array of surface flux stations, remote-sensing devices, an instrumented aircraft, and soil and vegetation measurements. The data will be used to address the problem of extrapolating from a limited number of local measurements to area-averaged values of fluxes suitable for use in global climate models. 16 refs., 13 figs.

Doran, J.C.; Hubbe, J.M.; Kirkham, R.R.; Shaw, W.J.; Whiteman, C.D. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Barnes, F.J.; Cooper, D.; Porch, W. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Coulter, R.L.; Cook, D.R.

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Quantization of Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetimes in the presence of a negative cosmological constant and radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present work, we quantize three Friedmann-Robertson-Walker models in the presence of a negative cosmological constant and radiation. The models differ from each other by the constant curvature of their spatial sections, which may be positive, negative or zero. They give rise to Wheeler-DeWitt equations for the scale factor which have the form of the Schroedinger equation for the quartic anharmonic oscillator. We find their eigenvalues and eigenfunctions by using a method first developed by Chhajlany and Malnev. After that, we use the eigenfunctions in order to construct wave packets for each case and evaluate the time-dependent expectation value of the scale factors, which are found to oscillate between finite maximum and minimum values. Since the expectation values of the scale factors never vanish, we have an initial indication that these models may not have singularities at the quantum level.

Monerat, G.A.; Silva, E.V. Correa; Oliveira-Neto, G. [Departamento de Matematica e Computacao, Faculdade de Tecnologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Estrada Resende-Riachuelo, s/no, Morada da Colina, CEP 27523-000, Resende-RJ (Brazil); Filho, L.G. Ferreira [Departamento de Mecanica e Energia, Faculdade de Tecnologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Estrada Resende-Riachuelo, s/no, Morada da Colina, CEP 27523-000 , Resende-RJ (Brazil); Lemos, N.A. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, R. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza s/no, Boa Viagem, CEP 24210-340, Niteroi-RJ (Brazil)

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

190

Using a Soil Hydrology Model to Obtain Regionally Averaged Soil Moisture Values  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Soil Hydrology Model (SHM) was modified, and daily simulations of soil volumetric water content were made at 38 Oklahoma Mesonet sites for July 1997. These model results were compared with soil moisture observations made at the mesonet sites ...

Todd M. Crawford; David J. Stensrud; Toby N. Carlson; William J. Capehart

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Determining the Capacity Value of Wind: A Survey of Methods and Implementation; Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper focuses on methodologies for determining the capacity value of generating resources, including wind energy and summarizes several important state and regional studies. Regional transmission organizations, state utility regulatory commissions, the North American Electric Reliability Council, regional reliability councils, and increasingly, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission all advocate, call for, or in some instances, require that electric utilities and competitive power suppliers not only have enough generating capacity to meet customer demand but also have generating capacity in reserve in case customer demand is higher than expected, or if a generator or transmission line goes out of service. Although the basic concept is the same across the country, how it is implemented is strikingly different from region to region. Related to this question is whether wind energy qualifies as a capacity resource. Wind's variability makes this a matter of great debate in some regions. However, many regions accept that wind energy has some capacity value, albeit at a lower value than other energy technologies. Recently, studies have been published in California, Minnesota and New York that document that wind energy has some capacity value. These studies join other initiatives in PJM, Colorado, and in other states and regions.

Milligan, M.; Porter, K.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Earned Value Management | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Earned Value Earned Value Management Earned Value Management Earned Value Management (EVM) is a systematic approach to the integration and measurement of cost, schedule, and technical (scope) accomplishments on a project or task. It provides both the government and contractors the ability to examine detailed schedule information, critical program and technical milestones, and cost data. EVMS Surveillance Standard Operating Procedure (ESSOP) - Nov 2013 (pdf) EV Guideline Assessment Templates - (MS Word) DOE EVMS Cross Reference Checklist - (pdf) DOE EVMS Risk Assessment Matrix - (MS Word) Formulas and Terminology "Gold Card" - Sep 2011 (pdf) APM Road Show Presentation Slides: Earned Value (EV) Analysis and Project Assessment & Reporting System (PARS II) DOE EVM Guidance

193

Geophysical study of the Clear Lake region, California  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Results of geophysical studies in the Clear Lake region of California, north of San Francisco, have revealed a prominent, nearly circular negative gravity anomaly with an amplitude of more than 25 milligals (mgal) and an areal extent of approximately 250 square miles and, in addition, a number of smaller positive and negative anomalies. The major negative gravity anomaly is closely associated with the Clear Lake volcanic field and with an area characterized by hot springs and geothermal fields. However, the anomaly cannot be explained by mapped surface geologic features of the area. Aeromagnetic data in the Clear Lake region show no apparent correlation with the major negative gravity anomaly; the local magnetic field is affected principally by serpentine. An electrical resistivity low marks the central part of the gravity minimum, and a concentration of earthquake epicenters characterizes the Clear Lake volcanic field area. The primary cause of the major negative gravity anomaly is believed to be a hot intrusive mass, possibly a magma chamber, that may underlie the Clear Lake volcanic field and vicinity. This mass may serve as a source of heat for the geothermal phenomena in the area. Other smaller gravity anomalies in the Clear Lake region are apparently caused by near-surface geologic features, including relatively dense units of the Franciscan Formation and less dense Cenozoic sedimentary and volcanic rock units.

Chapman, R.H.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Generalized Region Connection Calculus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Region Connection Calculus (RCC) is one of the most widely referenced system of high-level (qualitative) spatial reasoning. RCC assumes a continuous representation of space. This contrasts sharply with the fact that spatial information obtained from ... Keywords: (Generalized) Boolean connection algebra, (Generalized) Region Connection Calculus, Continuous space, Discrete space, Mereology, Mereotopology, Qualitative spatial reasoning

Sanjiang Li; Mingsheng Ying

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Noise reduction in negative-ion quadrupole mass spectrometry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a quadrupole mass spectrometer (QMS) system having an ion source, quadrupole mass filter, and ion collector/recorder system. A weak, transverse magnetic field and an electron collector are disposed between the quadrupole and ion collector. When operated in negative ion mode, the ion source produces a beam of primarily negatively-charged particles from a sample, including electrons as well as ions. The beam passes through the quadrupole and enters the magnetic field, where the electrons are deflected away from the beam path to the electron collector. The negative ions pass undeflected to the ion collector where they are detected and recorded as a mass spectrum.

Chastagner, P.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Query on Negative Temperature, Internal Interactions and Decrease of Entropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After negative temperature is restated, we find that it will derive necessarily decrease of entropy. Negative temperature is based on the Kelvin scale and the condition dU>0 and dS0. But, negative temperature is contradiction with usual meaning of temperature and with some basic concepts of physics and mathematics. It is a question in nonequilibrium thermodynamics. We proposed a possibility of decrease of entropy due to fluctuation magnified and internal interactions in some isolated systems. From this we discuss some possible examples and theories.

Yi-Fang Chang

2007-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

197

O-antigen diversity and lateral transfer of the wbe region among Vibrio splendidus isolates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The O-antigen is a highly diverse structure expressed on the outer surface of Gram-negative bacteria. The products responsible for O-antigen synthesis are encoded in the wbe region, which exhibits extensive genetic diversity. ...

Wildschutte, Hans

198

Vegetation Feedbacks to Climate in the Global Monsoon Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vegetation feedbacks on climate, on the subannual time scale, are examined across six monsoon regions with a fully coupled atmosphere–ocean–ice–land model with dynamic vegetation. Initial value ensemble experiments are run in which the total ...

Michael Notaro; Guangshan Chen; Zhengyu Liu

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Remote and Local Forcing in the Brazil–Malvinas Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Origins of the seasonal variability observed in current meter data from the Malvinas (Falkland) Current are sought in the wind field on both a regional and circumpolar scale. A singular value decomposition of the covariance of the fields makes it ...

Frédéric Vivier; Christine Provost; Michael P. Meredith

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Negative Polaron and Triplet Exciton Diffusion in Molecular Wires  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R. Miller, and Kirk S. Schanze J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 11289-11298 (2011). Find paper at ACS Publications Abstract: The dynamics of negative polaron and triplet exciton transport...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Comments on “Current GCMs' Unrealistic Negative Feedback in the Arctic”  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In contrast to prior studies showing a positive lapse-rate feedback associated with the Arctic inversion, Boé et al. reported that strong present-day Arctic temperature inversions are associated with stronger negative longwave feedbacks and thus ...

Felix Pithan; Thorsten Mauritsen

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Negative correlation learning and the ambiguity family of ensemble methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the formal basis behind Negative Correlation (NC) Learning, an ensemble technique developed in the evolutionary computation literature. We show that by removing an assumption made in the original work, NC can be shown to be a derivative technique ...

Gavin Brown; Jeremy Wyatt

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Comments on “Current GCMs’ Unrealistic Negative Feedback in the Arctic”  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Contrasting our expectation of a positive lapse-rate feedback associated with the Arctic inversion, Boé et al. (2009) report that strong present-day Arctic temperature inversions are associated with stronger negative longwave feedbacks and thus ...

Felix Pithan; Thorsten Mauritsen

204

Active negative-index metamaterial powered by an electron beam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An active negative index metamaterial that derives its gain from an electron beam is introduced. The metamaterial consists of a stack of equidistant parallel metal plates perforated by a periodic array of holes shaped as ...

Shapiro, Michael

205

German noch so: scalar degree operator and negative polarity item  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a puzzle introduced by German noch so, a degree operator and Negative Polarity Item. Noch so sentences allow for paraphrases containing a scalar particle (like even), suggesting that its polarity sensitivity can receive an analysis ...

Bernhard Schwarz

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Negative Energy: Why Interdisciplinary Physics Requires Multiple Ontologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Much recent work in physics education research has focused on ontological metaphors for energy, particularly the substance ontology and its pedagogical affordances. The concept of negative energy problematizes the substance ontology for energy, but in many instructional settings, the specific difficulties around negative energy are outweighed by the general advantages of the substance ontology. However, we claim that our interdisciplinary setting (a physics class that builds deep connections to biology and chemistry) leads to a different set of considerations and conclusions. In a course designed to draw interdisciplinary connections, the centrality of chemical bond energy in biology necessitates foregrounding negative energy from the beginning. We argue that the emphasis on negative energy requires a combination of substance and location ontologies. The location ontology enables energies both "above" and "below" zero. We present preliminary student data that illustrate difficulties in reasoning about negativ...

Dreyfus, Benjamin W; Gouvea, Julia; Sawtelle, Vashti; Turpen, Chandra; Redish, Edward F

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Valuing Place through Resources: Incorporating Multi-dimensional Values in Decision Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Including values for non-market natural and cultural resources in decision processes present challenges to resource managers. This dissertation uses a place-based resource-driven approach to assess the values associated with non-market resources in a national park. Existing valuation methods produce reliable measures for market resources, but are criticized for their inability to express values beyond uni-dimensional monetary values. Expressed values of park visitors for the natural and cultural resources within a national park are analyzed in order to quantitatively depict multiple dimensions of value for each resource relative to all others. Resulting abstract value-spaces are used to depict stakeholder group values and illustrate shared and unique values that can aid in decision processes. Value spaces are also used to examine the effects of resource losses on expressed values. These are observed through potential impact scenarios and can inform long-range planning and adaptation efforts. This research finds that a two-dimensional value space, representing aesthetic and functional qualities of resources can be formed to depict the values for included resources relative to one another. A core set of resources commonly valued by all major stakeholder groups is easily identifiable. Direct comparisons of value spaces for groups provides clear distinctions between group values for specific resources. Finally, subjecting value spaces to resource loss scenarios, indicates consistent changes in values while patterns of resource values remain stable, which can be used in participation and in conflict resolution efforts. These findings provide previously unobservable insight regarding the similarities and differences of group values and value stability as resource managers seek public input, resolve conflicts and craft long-range resource plans. This methodology establishes a basic framework for assessing relative resource values, non-monetarily, and along multiple dimensions. Value spaces can be used to proactively inform planning and decision processes from initial problem identification, establishment of alternative solutions and through assessments of implementation.

Bardenhagen, Eric Karsten

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Signature Region of Interest using Auto cropping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new approach for signature region of interest pre-processing was presented. It used new auto cropping preparation on the basis of the image content, where the intensity value of pixel is the source of cropping. This approach provides both the possibility of improving the performance of security systems based on signature images, and also the ability to use only the region of interest of the used image to suit layout design of biometric systems. Underlying the approach is a novel segmentation method which identifies the exact region of foreground of signature for feature extraction usage. Evaluation results of this approach shows encouraging prospects by eliminating the need for false region isolating, reduces the time cost associated with signature false points detection, and addresses enhancement issues. A further contribution of this paper is an automated cropping stage in bio-secure based systems.

Al-Mahadeen, Bassam; AlTarawneh, Islam H

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Abnormal Negative Sequence Analysis Excel Application Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Abnormal Negative Sequence Analysis Excel Application can be used to estimate the likely impact of any electrical event on the generator rotor so that a quick informed decision can be made about generator rotor inspection. This project is intended to develop an Excel based application that can be used for assessing the need for turbine generators to be inspected after an abnormal negative sequence or motoring from standstill event may have occurred. Microsoft2000, XP, and Vista running either Micros...

2010-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

210

Negative ion source with low temperature transverse divergence optical system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A negative ion source is provided which has extremely low transverse divergence as a result of a unique ion focusing system in which the focal line of an ion beam emanating from an elongated, concave converter surface is outside of the ion exit slit of the source and the path of the exiting ions. The beam source operates with a minimum ion temperature which makes possible a sharply focused (extremely low transverse divergence) ribbon like negative ion beam.

Whealton, J.H.; Stirling, W.L.

1985-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

211

High brilliance negative ion and neutral beam source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high brilliance mass selected (Z-selected) negative ion and neutral beam source having good energy resolution. The source is based upon laser resonance ionization of atoms or molecules in a small gaseous medium followed by charge exchange through an alkali oven. The source is capable of producing microampere beams of an extremely wide variety of negative ions, and milliampere beams when operated in the pulsed mode.

Compton, R.N.

1990-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

212

ARM - Value-Added Product Status Reports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Status Reports Status Reports Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Value-Added Product Status Reports ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report July 1-September 30, 2013 (PDF, 1MB) ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report April 1-June 30, 2013 (PDF, 1MB) ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report January 1-March 31, 2013 (PDF, 268KB) ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report October 1-December 31, 2012 (PDF, 271KB) ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report

213

the Regional Development Corporation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

carry out this work, CPO partners carry out this work, CPO partners with the Los Alamos National Laboratory Foundation for education, the Regional Development Corporation for economic development, and the regional United Way organizations for community giving. Education Los Alamos National Security (LANS) invests more than $1 million each year to enhance regional educational opportunities in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education. Education Focus Areas Our education commitments address four focus areas: * Workforce Development * Student Internships * Teacher and Faculty Professional Development * Public Understanding of Science In 2011, more than 1,100 students

214

Nonsalt Producing Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Nonsalt Producing Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion Cubic Feet) Nonsalt Producing Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion Cubic Feet) Nonsalt Producing Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion Cubic Feet) Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value 2006-Dec 12/29 841 2007-Jan 01/05 823 01/12 806 01/19 755 01/26 716 2007-Feb 02/02 666 02/09 613 02/16 564 02/23 538 2007-Mar 03/02 527 03/09 506 03/16 519 03/23 528 03/30 550 2007-Apr 04/06 560 04/13 556 04/20 568 04/27 590 2007-May 05/04 610 05/11 629 05/18 648 05/25 670

215

Producing Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion Cubic  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Producing Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion Cubic Feet) Producing Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion Cubic Feet) Producing Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion Cubic Feet) Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value 1993-Dec 12/31 570 1994-Jan 01/07 532 01/14 504 01/21 440 01/28 414 1994-Feb 02/04 365 02/11 330 02/18 310 02/25 309 1994-Mar 03/04 281 03/11 271 03/18 284 03/25 303 1994-Apr 04/01 287 04/08 293 04/15 308 04/22 334 04/29 353 1994-May 05/06 376 05/13 399 05/20 429 05/27 443

216

Western Consuming Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Western Consuming Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion Cubic Feet) Western Consuming Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion Cubic Feet) Western Consuming Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion Cubic Feet) Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value 1993-Dec 12/31 341 1994-Jan 01/07 331 01/14 316 01/21 303 01/28 290 1994-Feb 02/04 266 02/11 246 02/18 228 02/25 212 1994-Mar 03/04 206 03/11 201 03/18 205 03/25 202 1994-Apr 04/01 201 04/08 201 04/15 202 04/22 210 04/29 215 1994-May 05/06 225 05/13 236 05/20 242 05/27 256

217

Regional Planning | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Planning Regional Planning Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean You are here Data.gov » Communities » Ocean Regional Planning Efforts Alias (field_alias) Apply California, Oregon, Washington Regional Ocean Partnership West Coast Governors' Alliance Regional Data Portal In Development U.S. Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico Regional Ocean Partnership U.S. Caribbean Regional Ocean Partnership-currently being formally established Regional Data Portal To be developed Georgia, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina Regional Ocean Partnership Governors' South Atlantic Alliance Regional Data Portal Currently in development American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, Hawaii, Marshall Islands, Palau

218

Contractor Earned Value Management System Certification Status...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Centers Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Contractor Earned Value Management System Certification Status Contractor Earned...

219

The added value of sustainable design.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The thesis contains an extensive literature study on the value of sustainable office buildings. Based on the literature study, a series of interviews amongst actors… (more)

Van den Tol, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

CODATA Key Values for Thermodynamics - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 8, 2007 ... This site includes internationally agreed upon values for thermodynamic properties of key chemical substances established by the Committee ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

WEB RESOURCE: CODATA Key Values for Thermodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 12, 2007 ... The Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) has conducted a project to establish internationally agreed values for the ...

222

CODATA Value: electron volt-hertz relationship  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... electron volt-hertz relationship. Value, 2.417 989 348 x 10 14 Hz. Standard uncertainty, 0.000 000 053 x 10 14 Hz. Relative ...

223

CODATA Value: kilogram-hartree relationship  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... kilogram-hartree relationship. Value, 2.061 485 968 x 10 34 E h. Standard uncertainty, 0.000 000 091 x 10 34 E h. Relative ...

224

Capacity Value of Concentrating Solar Power Plants  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study estimates the capacity value of a concentrating solar power (CSP) plant at a variety of locations within the western United States. This is done by optimizing the operation of the CSP plant and by using the effective load carrying capability (ELCC) metric, which is a standard reliability-based capacity value estimation technique. Although the ELCC metric is the most accurate estimation technique, we show that a simpler capacity-factor-based approximation method can closely estimate the ELCC value. Without storage, the capacity value of CSP plants varies widely depending on the year and solar multiple. The average capacity value of plants evaluated ranged from 45%?90% with a solar multiple range of 1.0-1.5. When introducing thermal energy storage (TES), the capacity value of the CSP plant is more difficult to estimate since one must account for energy in storage. We apply a capacity-factor-based technique under two different market settings: an energy-only market and an energy and capacity market. Our results show that adding TES to a CSP plant can increase its capacity value significantly at all of the locations. Adding a single hour of TES significantly increases the capacity value above the no-TES case, and with four hours of storage or more, the average capacity value at all locations exceeds 90%.

Madaeni, S. H.; Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Berkeley Lab Ethical Values and Conduct  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that we hold the University in trust for the people of the State of California. Our policies, procedures, and standards provide guidance for application of the ethical values...

226

Solar Energy and Capacity Value (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This is a one-page, two-sided fact sheet on the capacity of solar power to provide value to utilities and power system operators.

Not Available

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Extreme Value Analysis of Heart Beat Fluctuations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have performed an extreme value analysis of the heart beat fluctuations. We have analyzed 24?h ECG time series: by considering both

C. Pennetta; S. Conte

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Regional Competitions - EERE Commercialization Office  

Regional Competitions. Six Regional Clean Energy Business Plan Competitions are taking place across the country– representing all of the United ...

229

Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Review Meeting October 12-14, 2005 Table of Contents Agenda PDF-1438KB Phase I Program Review Meeting Phase II Kick-Off Meeting Phase...

230

Regional Climate Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Workshop on Regional Climate Research: Needs and Opportunities was held 2–4 April 2001 at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado. The workshop was cosponsored by the National Science Foundation and the Department of ...

L. Ruby Leung; Linda O. Mearns; Filippo Giorgi; Robert L. Wilby

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Regional Climate Information & Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is a series of six region-specific adaptation tools for the coastal communities in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, the Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, and Papua New Guinea....

232

Sections / Geographical Regions Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AOCS Sections provide a local forum for fats and oils professionals. Building a Stronger Global Association Sections / Geographical Regions Information Divisions achievement agricultural analytical application award awards biotechnology detergents

233

Towards estimating the value of an idea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today software industry lives in a very competitive environment and firms need to improve constantly. One way to achieve this goal can be the introduction of innovative ideas into the products, processes or services of the firms, allowing thus to increase ... Keywords: idea, innovation, software product innovation, value, value-based software engineering

Carlos Fernández; Daniel López; Agustín Yagüe; Juan Garbajosa

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

What is the VALUE of Nature's Infrastructure?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& Infrastructure by acreage & type Utilize recognized payments for each service. Utilize existing Real EstateWhat is the VALUE of Nature's Infrastructure? What are the VALUES of Nature's SERVICES? Bill to double that %age if it is to have a chance of attaining a sustainable economic community. #12; Develop

Demers, Nora Egan

235

Electricity Restructuring and Value-Added Services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-46069 Electricity Restructuring and Value- Added Services: Beyond the Hype William Golove under Contract No. DE-AC03- 76SF00098. #12;Electricity Restructuring and Value-Added Services: Beyond with non- residential electricity service customers who have chosen to take service from a retail electric

236

Ion optical design of a collinear laser-negative ion beam apparatus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An apparatus for photodetachment studies on atomic and molecular negative ions of medium up to heavy mass (M {approx_equal} 500) has been designed and constructed. Laser and ion beams are merged in the apparatus in a collinear geometry and atoms, neutral molecules and negative ions are detected in the forward direction. The ion optical design and the components used to optimize the mass resolution and the transmission through the extended field-free interaction region are described. A 90 deg. sector field magnet with 50 cm bending radius in combination with two slits is used for mass dispersion providing a resolution of M/{Delta}M congruent with 800 for molecular ions and M/{Delta}M congruent with 400 for atomic ions. The difference in mass resolution for atomic and molecular ions is attributed to different energy distributions of the sputtered ions. With 1 mm slits, transmission from the source through the interaction region to the final ion detector was determined to be about 0.14%.

Diehl, C.; Wendt, K. [Institut fuer Physik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, Mainz, D-55099 Mainz (Germany); Lindahl, A. O.; Andersson, P.; Hanstorp, D. [Department of Physics, University of Gothenburg, SE-412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

237

Anomalously High B-Values In The South Flank Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii-  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anomalously High B-Values In The South Flank Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii- Anomalously High B-Values In The South Flank Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii- Evidence For The Distribution Of Magma Below Kilauea'S East Rift Zone Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Anomalously High B-Values In The South Flank Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii- Evidence For The Distribution Of Magma Below Kilauea'S East Rift Zone Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The pattern of b-value of the frequency-magnitude relation, or mean magnitude, varies little in the Kaoiki-Hilea area of Hawaii, and the b-values are normal, with b=0.8 in the top 10 km and somewhat lower values below that depth. We interpret the Kaoiki-Hilea area as relatively stable, normal Hawaiian crust. In contrast, the b-values beneath Kilauea's South

238

Establishing Regional Resource Centers  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Establishing Regional Resource Centers Establishing Regional Resource Centers July 25, 2013 Coordinator: Welcome and thank you for standing by. At this time all participants are in a listen only mode. To ask a question later during the question and answer session please press star then 1 on your touchtone phone. Today's conference is being recorded. If you have any objections you may disconnect. And I would like to turn it over to Mr. Jonathan Bartlett. Sir, you may begin. Jonathan Bartlett: Thank you very much. This is Jonathan Bartlett from the Department of Energy's Wind and Water Power Technologies Office. Today's WPA Webinar will be on the subject of establishing regional resource centers. I will be joined by Ian Baring-Gould at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and the

239

Regional Retail Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Retail gasoline prices, like those for distillate fuels, have hit record prices nationally and in several regions this year. The national average regular gasoline price peaked at $1.68 per gallon in mid-June, but quickly declined, and now stands at $1.45, 17 cents higher than a year ago. Two regions, in particular, experienced sharp gasoline price runups this year. California, which often has some of the highest prices in the nation, saw prices peak near $1.85 in mid-September, while the Midwest had average prices over $1.87 in mid-June. Local prices at some stations in both areas hit levels well over $2.00 per gallon. The reasons for the regional price runups differed significantly. In the Midwest, the introduction of Phase 2 RFG was hampered by low stocks,

240

regional | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

regional regional Dataset Summary Description The UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) releases annual statistics on domestic and industrial/commercial electricity and gas consumption (and number of meters) at the Middle Layer Super Output Authority (MLSOA) and Intermediate Geography Zone (IGZ) level (there are over 950 of these subregions throughout England, Scotland and Wales). Both MLSOAs (England and Wales) and IGZs (Scotland) include a minimum of approximately 2,000 households. Source UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) Date Released March 01st, 2008 (6 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords Electricity Consumption gas regional UK Data application/zip icon Guidance document for interpreting data (zip, 1.2 MiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon Excel file: 2005 MLSOA and IGZ gas and electricity (xls, 10 MiB)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Negative ion-based neutral injection on DIII-D  

SciTech Connect

High energy negative ion-based neutral beam injection is a strong candidate for heating and non-inductive current drive in tokamaks. Many of the questions related to the physics and engineering of this technique remain unanswered. In this paper, we consider the possibility of negative ion-based neutral beam injection on DIII-D. We establish the desired parameter space by examining physics trades. This is combined with potential design constraints and a survey of component technology options to establish an injector concept. Injector performance is estimated assuming particular component technologies, and concept flexibility with respect to incorporating alternate technologies is described. 9 refs., 6 figs., 4 tabs.

Stewart, L.D.; Bhadra, D.K.; Colleraine, A.P.; Kim, J.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

NEAR THE BOUNDARY OF THE HELIOSPHERE: A FLOW TRANSITION REGION  

SciTech Connect

Since April of 2010, Voyager 1 has been immersed in a region of near zero radial flows, where the solar wind seems to have stopped. The existence of this region contradicts current models that predict that the radial flows will go to zero only at the heliopause. These models, however, do not include the sector region (or include it in a kinematic fashion), where the solar magnetic field periodically reverses polarity. Here we show that the presence of the sector region in the heliosheath, where reconnection occurs, fundamentally alters the flows, giving rise to a Flow Transition Region (FTR), where the flow abruptly turns and the radial velocity becomes near zero or negative. We estimate, based on a simulation, that at the Voyager 1 location, the thickness of the FTR is around 7-11 AU.

Opher, M. [Astronomy Department, Boston University, 725 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA (United States); Drake, J. F. [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Velli, M. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA (United States); Decker, R. B. [Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, Laurel, MD (United States); Toth, G., E-mail: mopher@bu.edu [Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Valuing Energy Efficiency for Utility Rebate Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Valuing Energy Efficiency Valuing Energy Efficiency For Utility Rebate Programs Dr. Valerie V. von Schramm March 1, 2012 Building America Implementation Standing Technical Committee Gap/Barrier Gap/Barrier #3: Value-Stream Map of the Retrofit Process - Core concern - Audience segmentation needs must be better understood - Goal - To improve implementation strategy processes for retrofits Value-Stream Map Segment Addressed: - Public Energy Utility Perspectives/Needs Electric Utility Concerns Fleet Design Drivers * kWh Consumed * Peak Usage * Daily & Seasonal Patterns * Building Stock Impacts Community-Scale Energy Efficiency Modeling  NREL/UTSA/CPS Energy Collaboration  Identify geographically specific least-cost retrofits using BEopt  Inputs: census, income, appraisal district,

244

Component Certification - What is the Value?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Component-based software is becoming increasingly popular as a means to create value through improved integration across multiple parts of a plant or business. However, sometimes components that are supposed to be integrated cannot be integrated in the ...

Lars Bratthall; Johan Hasselberg; Brad Hoffman; Zbigniew Korendo; Bruno Schilli; Lars Gundersen

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Template:DatasetValue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to call on the results. Example: 'max'. Example Usage DatasetValue |id452 |subjectArgentina |predicatedsprop:provedNaturalGasReserves Retrieved from "http:en.openei.org...

246

Option Value of Electricity Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4. Option Value of a Thermal Energy Storage System for 5counter Real-time Prices Thermal Energy Storage vii Abstractfor the day, operating thermal energy storage overnight for

Sezgen, Osman; Goldman, Charles; Krishnarao, P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

CODATA Value: electron volt-hartree relationship  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... electron volt-hartree relationship. Value, 3.674 932 379 x 10 -2 E h. Standard uncertainty, 0.000 000 081 x 10 -2 E h. Relative ...

248

CODATA Value: kilogram-kelvin relationship  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... kilogram-kelvin relationship. Value, 6.509 6582 x 10 39 K. Standard uncertainty, 0.000 0059 x 10 39 K. Relative standard uncertainty, 9.1 x 10 -7. ...

249

Uniform Theory of Multiplicative Valued Difference Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a model companion, namely ACF A (Algebraically Closed Fieldsa model companion, namely ACF A. To see the definition of ?-a model companion, namely ACF A. However, the value group is

Pal, Koushik

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Capturing value from Item Unique Identification (IUID)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Department of Defense has issued a mandate aimed at improving its capabilities in determining the location, value, quantity, and condition of government assets. The mandate requires marking specified assemblies and ...

Salamini, Alexey

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Nonlinear boundary value problem of magnetic insulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the basis of generalization of upper and lower solution method to the singular two point boundary value problems, the existence theorem of solutions for the system, which models a process of magnetic insulation in plasma is proved.

A. V. Sinitsyn

2000-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

252

Value Operating Flexibility in Advanced Coal Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a preliminary study of the potential value of the operating flexibility available from advanced coal plant designs and carbon capture and storage (CCS) systems. Assessing value requires new analytical approaches capable of examining plant outputs (e.g., syngas, air products, electricity, emissions) in the context of varying power market conditions and significant climate policy and fuel price uncertainties. Accounting for flexibility options in capacity planning may create opportuni...

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

253

Value of the energy data base  

SciTech Connect

An assessment was made of the Energy Data Base (EDB) of the Department of Energy's Technical Information Center (TIC). As the major resource containing access information to the world's energy literature, EDB products and services are used extensively by energy researchers to identify journal articles, technical reports and other items of potential utility in their work. The approach taken to assessing value begins with the measurement of extent of use of the EDB. Apparent value is measured in terms of willingness to pay. Consequential value is measured in terms of effect - for searching, the cost of reading which results; and for reading, the savings which result from the application of the information obtained in reading. Resulting estimates of value reflect value to the searchers, the reader, and the reader's organization or funding source. A survey of the 60,000 scientists and eingineers funded by the DOE shows that annually they read about 7.1 million journal articles and 6.6 million technical reports. A wide range of savings values were reported for one-fourth of all article readings and three-fourths of all report readings. There was an average savings of $590 per reading of all articles; there was an average savings of $1280 for technical reports. The total annual savings attributable to reading by DOE-funded scientists and engineers is estimated to be about $13 billion. An investment of $5.3 billion in the generation of information and about $500 million in processing and using information yields a partial return of about $13 billion. Overall, this partial return on investment is about 2.2 to 1. In determining the value of EDB only those searches and readings directly attributable to it are included in the analysis. The values are $20 million to the searchers, $117 million to the readers and $3.6 billion to DOE.

King, D.W.; Griffiths, J.M.; Roderer, N.K.; Wiederkehr, R.R.V.

1982-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

254

Elevation puts moral values into action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in line with their values. Indeed, Crocker, Niiya, and Mischowski (2008) showed that self-affirmation produces other-directed emotions of self-transcendence, such as love and caring. They found that when writing an essay about their most treasured value... skills, sense of humor, spontane- ity, athletic ability, musical talent, creativity or business skills.’’ Instructions for the ‘‘no self-affirmation’’ condition were ‘‘Please describe your typical journey from home to the univer- sity. Try to mentally...

Schnall, Simone; Roper, Jean

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Elevation puts moral values into action  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-affirmation produces other-directed emotions of self-transcendence, such as love and caringAQ3 . They found that when writing an essay about their most treasured value, participants reported higher levels of love, feeling of giving and empathic than participants... qualities and felt good about yourself. Examples of ‘personally valued qualities’ might include such things as artistic skills, sense of humor, spontane- ity, athletic ability, musical talent, creativity or business skills.’’ Instructions for the ‘‘no self...

Schnall, Simone; Roper, Jean

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Potential value of Cs-137 capsules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We determined the value of Cs-137 compared to Co-60 as a source for the irradiation of fruit (apples and cherries), pork and medical supplies. Cs-137, in the WESF capsule form, had a value of approximately $0.40/Ci as a substitute for Co-60 priced at approximately $1.00/Ci. The comparison was based on the available curies emitted from the surface of each capsule. We developed preliminary designs for fourteen irradiation facilities; seven were based on Co-60 and seven were based on Cs-137. These designs provided the basis for estimating capital and operating costs which, in turn, provided the basis for determining the value of Cs-137 relative to Co-60 in these applications. We evaluated the effect of the size of the irradiation facility on the value of Cs-137. The cost of irradiation is low compared to the value of the product. Irradiation of apples for disinfestation costs $.01 to .02 per pound. Irradiation for trichina-safe pork costs $.02 per pound. Irradiation of medical supplies for sterilization costs $.07 to .12 per pound. The cost of the irradiation source, either Co-60 or Cs-137, contributed only a minor amount to the total cost of irradiation, about 5% for the fruit and hog cases and about 20% for the medical supply cases. We analyzed the sensitivity of the irradiation costs and Cs-137 value to several key assumptions.

Bloomster, C.H.; Brown, D.R.; Bruno, G.A.; Hazelton, R.F.; Hendrickson, P.L.; Lezberg, A.J.; Tingey, G.L.; Wilfert, G.L.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

New, efficient regional architecture  

SciTech Connect

Recent trends in the design of solar homes are discussed with particular emphasis on the particular climate in which the house will be located. Regional climatic conditions will effect design strategies including insulation, ventilation, shading, site planning, window area, etc. The important effects of local climate have been established over the past 5 years. Sources of information concerning solar architecture are cited.

Stains, L.R.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Capturing and Using High-Value Undocumented Knowledge in the Nuclear Industry: Guidelines and Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains detailed guidelines and methods for eliciting, capturing, and passing along high-value tacit knowledge residing "in the heads" of expert personnel in the nuclear power industry. The guidance should be especially valuable to managers concerned about the departure of experienced and highly knowledgeable employees or about experts not being around at all times. The loss or unavailability of valuable knowledge can have negative operational, environmental, safety, and economic consequences.

2002-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

259

Harold Black and the Negative-Feedback Amplifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Harold Black and the Negative-Feedback Amplifier n August 2, 1927,Harold 0Black, a young Bell Labs- cated on West Street in Man- hattan.) Black recalled, "I felt an urge to write but had noth- ing of the newspaper pages used by Black tojot down his early ideas on feedbad (Photo:AT&T Archives) The author

Oriolo, Giuseppe

260

Positive and negative entropy production in thermodynamic systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article presents a heuristic combination of the local and global formulations of the second law of thermodynamics that suggests the possibility of theoretical existence of thermodynamic processes with positive and negative entropy production.Such processes may exhibit entropy couplings that reveal an unusual behavior from the point of view of conventional thermodynamics.

Belandria, Jose Iraides

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Cesium Delivery System for Negative Ion Source at IPR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The technique of surface production of negative ions using cesium, Cs, has been efficiently exploited over the years for producing negative ion beams with increased current densities from negative ion sources used on neutral beam lines. Deposition of Cs on the source walls and the plasma grid lowers the work function and therefore enables a higher yield of H{sup -}, when hydrogen particles (H and/or H{sub x}{sup +}) strike these surfaces.A single driver RF based (100 kW, 1 MHz) negative ion source test bed, ROBIN, is being set up at IPR under a technical collaboration between IPR and IPP, Germany. The optimization of the Cs oven design to be used on this facility as well as multidriver sources is underway. The characterization experiments of such a Cs delivery system with a 1 g Cs inventory have been carried out using surface ionization technique. The experiments have been carried by delivering Cs into a vacuum chamber without plasma. The linear motion of the surface ionization detector, SID, attached with a linear motion feedthrough allows measuring the angular distribution of the Cs coming out of the oven. Based on the experimental results, a Cs oven for ROBIN has been proposed. The Cs oven design and experimental results of the prototype Cs oven are reported and discussed in the paper.

Bansal, G.; Pandya, K.; Soni, J.; Gahlaut, A.; Parmar, K. G. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, 382 428 (India); Bandyopadhyay, M.; Chakraborty, A.; Singh, M. J. [ITER- India, Institute for Plasma Research, A-29, Sector 25, GIDC, Gandhinagar, Gujarat (India)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

262

Positive and Negative Energy Symmetry and the Cosmological Constant Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The action for gravity and the standard model includes, as well as the positive energy fermion and boson fields, negative energy fields. The Hamiltonian for the action leads through a positive and negative energy symmetry of the vacuum to a cancellation of the zero-point vacuum energy and a vanishing cosmological constant in the presence of a gravitational field solving the cosmological constant problem. To guarantee the quasi-stability of the vacuum, we postulate a positive energy sector and a negative energy sector in the universe which are identical copies of the standard model. They interact only weakly through gravity. As in the case of antimatter, the negative energy matter is not found naturally on Earth or in the universe. A positive energy spectrum and a consistent unitary field theory for a pseudo-Hermitian Hamiltonian is obtained by demanding that the pseudo-Hamiltonian is ${\\cal P}{\\cal T}$ symmetric. The quadratic divergences in the two-point vacuum fluctuations and the self-energy of a scalar field are removed. The finite scalar field self-energy can avoid the Higgs hierarchy problem in the standard model.

J. W. Moffat

2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

263

NETL: Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RCSP Carbon Storage Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships In 2003, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) awarded cooperative agreements to seven Regional Carbon Sequestration...

264

Regional Opportunities in New Mexico  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Opportunities in New Mexico Regional Opportunities in New Mexico The Richard P. Feynman Center for Innovation (FCI) facilitates a number of programs designed to stimulate...

265

Capacity Value of Wind Power - Summary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power systems are planned such that they have adequate generation capacity to meet the load, according to a defined reliability target. The increase in the penetration of wind generation in recent years has led to a number of challenges for the planning and operation of power systems. A key metric for generation system adequacy is the capacity value of generation. The capacity value of a generator is the contribution that a given generator makes to generation system aequacy. The variable and stochastic nature of wind sets it apart from conventional energy sources. As a result, the modeling of wind generation in the same manner as conventional generation for capacity value calculations is inappropriate. In this paper a preferred method for calculation of the capacity value of wind is described and a discussion of the pertinent issues surrounding it is given. Approximate methods for the calculation are also described with their limitations highlighted. The outcome of recent wind capacity value analyses in Europe and North America, along with some new analysis, are highlighted with a discussion of relevant issues also given.

O'Malley, M.; Milligan, M.; Holttinen, H.; Dent, C.; Keane, A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Regional Summary Gulf of Mexico Region Management Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regional Summary Gulf of Mexico Region Management Context The Gulf of Mexico Region includes by the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council (GMFMC) and NOAA Fisheries (NMFS) under eight fishery in conjunction with the South Atlantic Fishery Management Council (SAFMC). Gulf of Mexico Region FMPs 1. Red Drum

267

Interaction Region Papers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IR (Interaction Region) Magnets with Ramesh Gupta IR (Interaction Region) Magnets with Ramesh Gupta as the major author (unless noted): R. Gupta, et. al, "React & Wind Nb3Sn Common Coil Dipole", ASC 2006, August 27- September 1, 2006 in Seattle, WA, USA . *** Click Here for Talk ***. R. Gupta, "Modular Design and Modular Program for High Gradient Quadrupoles", ASC 2006, August 27- September 1, 2006 in Seattle, WA, USA. *** Click Here for Poster ***. Racetrack Magnet Designs and Technologies, WAMDO@CERN, April 2-6, 2006 (Click here for the oral presentation). R. Gupta, et. al, "Optimization of Open Midplane Dipole Design for LHC IR Upgrade," Presented at the 2005 Particle Accelerator Conference, Knoxville, TN, USA (2005). *** Click Here for Poster *** R. Gupta, et al., “Open Midplane Dipole Design for LHC IR

268

Value of a Smart Grid System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 - 2 - Section 3: Value of a Smart Grid System Implementing a Smart Grid is the effort to move the electric grid from a "static" to a "dynamic" state. Doing so improves the efficiency, reliability and cost-effectiveness of the electrical system's operations, planning and maintenance and creates a system that is interactive with consumers and markets, allowing better energy and dollar savings. Below we summarize the value of the Smart Grid from six perspectives: Consumers Environmental Utilities and Grid Operators Market Efficiency Economy Regulatory Consumer Value of a Smart Grid Smart Grids will provide consumers many benefits, deriving mainly from the increased information and insight it brings them about their individual consumption as

269

Property:TotalValue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TotalValue TotalValue Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "TotalValue" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 44 Tech Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project + 10,000,000 + A ALLETE Inc., d/b/a Minnesota Power Smart Grid Project + 3,088,007 + Amber Kinetics, Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project + 10,000,000 + American Transmission Company LLC II Smart Grid Project + 22,888,360 + American Transmission Company LLC Smart Grid Project + 2,661,650 + Atlantic City Electric Company Smart Grid Project + 37,400,000 + Avista Utilities Smart Grid Project + 40,000,000 + B Baltimore Gas and Electric Company Smart Grid Project + 451,814,234 + Battelle Memorial Institute, Pacific Northwest Division Smart Grid Demonstration Project + 177,642,503 +

270

Photovoltaics Value Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Photovoltaics Value Analysis Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Photovoltaics Value Analysis Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Environmental Website: www.nrel.gov/analysis/pdfs/42303.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/photovoltaics-value-analysis Policies: Financial Incentives This study addresses photovoltaics (PV) distributed systems technology development; advanced distribution systems integration; system-level tests and demonstrations; technical and market analysis; resource assessment; and codes, standards, and regulatory implementation. The study defines a set of PV benefits and costs, such as greenhouse gas abatement or reliability, and then examines a series of case studies to ascertain whether the benefits of

271

Microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device comprises a microfabricated gas chromatography column in combination with a catalytic microcalorimeter. The microcalorimeter can comprise a reference thermal conductivity sensor to provide diagnostics and surety. Using microfabrication techniques, the device can be manufactured in production quantities at a low per-unit cost. The microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device enables continuous calorimetric determination of the heating value of natural gas with a 1 minute analysis time and 1.5 minute cycle time using air as a carrier gas. This device has applications in remote natural gas mining stations, pipeline switching and metering stations, turbine generators, and other industrial user sites. For gas pipelines, the device can improve gas quality during transfer and blending, and provide accurate financial accounting. For industrial end users, the device can provide continuous feedback of physical gas properties to improve combustion efficiency during use.

Robinson, Alex L. (Albuquerque, NM); Manginell, Ronald P. (Albuquerque, NM); Moorman, Matthew W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

272

Regional University Alliance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alliance Alliance Developed by the National Energy Technology Laboratory in collaboration with NETL-Regional University Alliance WVU National Research Center for Coal and Energy Fossil Consulting Services, Inc. The AVESTAR(tm) Center provides a state-of- the-art, highly realistic, dynamic simulator for a coal-fired power plant using Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) technology with CO 2 capture. The system is based on Invensys' DYNSIM ® software

273

Regional Reserve Margins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report explores the status of reserve margins across the country. Reserve margins represent the margin of excess capacity compared to demand. It is commonly calculated as the fraction of unused capacity during the summer peak. Simple in concept, the numbers can be difficult to calculate because of changes in geographic boundaries between regions, different views of what capacity qualifies to be counted, and changes in estimates of demand. This report provides a comprehensive and consistently calcula...

2009-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

274

EPRI Regional Haze Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the last decade, EPRI has investigated ways to improve the scientific basis for various steps required under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (US EPA's) 1999 Regional Haze Regulations (RHR). Those regulations require mitigating visibility impairment in mandatory Class I areaslarger national parks and wilderness areasattributable to manmade air pollution by 2064. Several technical issues have arisen while interpreting the implementation process of the RHR. This report describes EPRI and o...

2007-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

275

Geothermal Regions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regions Regions Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Regions RegionsMap2012.jpg Geothermal regions were outlined for the western United States (including Alaska and Hawaii) to identify geothermal areas, projects, and exploration trends for each region. These regions were developed based on the USGS physiographic regions (U.S. Geological Survey), and then adjusted to fit geothermal exploration parameters such as differences in geologic regime, structure, heat source, surface effects (weather, vegetation patterns, groundwater flow), and other relevant factors. The 21 regions can be seen outlined in red and overlain on the 2008 USGS Geothermal Favorability Map in Figure 1.[1] Add a new Geothermal Region List of Regions Area (km2) Mean MW

276

ChangeinImportanceValue BlackCherry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-30.0 -20.0 -10.0 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 ChangeinImportanceValue 1987-2004 BlackCherry YellowPoplar Red&Black measurement periods. -30.0 -20.0 -10.0 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 ChangeinImportanceValue 1987-2004 BlackCherry YellowPoplar Red&BlackOak WhiteOak OtherOak SugarMaple RedMaple WhiteAsh Miscellaneous Species Group Aspect Code 1

277

Environmental restoration value engineering guidance document  

SciTech Connect

This document provides guidance on Value Engineering (VE). VE is an organized team effort led by a person trained in the methodology to analyze the functions of projects, systems, equipment, facilities, services, and processes for achieving the essential functions at the lowest life cycle cost while maintaining required performance, reliability, availability, quality, and safety. VE has proven to be a superior tool to improve up-front project planning, cut costs, and create a better value for each dollar spent. This document forms the basis for the Environmental Restoration VE Program, describes the VE process, and provides recommendations on when it can be most useful on ER projects.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Value of Energy Storage for Grid Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This analysis evaluates several operational benefits of electricity storage, including load-leveling, spinning contingency reserves, and regulation reserves. Storage devices were simulated in a utility system in the western United States, and the operational costs of generation was compared to the same system without the added storage. This operational value of storage was estimated for devices of various sizes, providing different services, and with several sensitivities to fuel price and other factors. Overall, the results followed previous analyses that demonstrate relatively low value for load-leveling but greater value for provision of reserve services. The value was estimated by taking the difference in operational costs between cases with and without energy storage and represents the operational cost savings from deploying storage by a traditional vertically integrated utility. The analysis also estimated the potential revenues derived from a merchant storage plant in a restructured market, based on marginal system prices. Due to suppression of on-/off-peak price differentials and incomplete capture of system benefits (such as the cost of power plant starts), the revenue obtained by storage in a market setting appears to be substantially less than the net benefit provided to the system. This demonstrates some of the additional challenges for storage deployed in restructured energy markets.

Denholm, P.; Jorgenson, J.; Hummon, M.; Jenkin, T.; Palchak, D.; Kirby, B.; Ma, O.; O'Malley, M.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Estimating the value of lost telecoms connectivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a practical method for estimating the economic cost of outages in electronic communications networks, accommodating temporal, geographical and sectoral variations in incidence. The method is illustrated with two types of examples: a hypothetical ... Keywords: Cost of outages, Economic analysis, Service continuity, Telecommunications, Value

Sean Lyons; Edgar Morgenroth; Richard S. J. Tol

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Earned Value (EV) Analysis and Project Assessment & Reporting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Earned Value (EV) Analysis and Project Assessment & Reporting System (PARS II) Earned Value (EV) Analysis and Project Assessment & Reporting System (PARS II) Earned Value (EV)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Direct measurement of the negative-kaon form factor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electromagnetic form factor of the negative kaon has been measured by direct scattering of 250 GeV/c kaons from the stationary electrons of a liquid-hydrogen target. The deviation of the measured elastic scattering cross section from the point cross section may be characterized by a root-mean-square kaon radius of /sup 1/2/=0.53 +- 0.05 fm.

Dally, E.B.; Hauptman, J.M.; Kubic, J.; Stork, D.H.; Watson, A.B.; Guzik, Z.; Nigmanov, T.S.; Riabtsov, V.D.; Tsyganov, E.N.; Vodopianov, A.S.; Beretvas, A.; Grigorian, A.; Tompkins, J.C.; Toohig, T.E.; Wehmann, A.A.; Poirier, J.A.; Rey, C.A.; Volk, J.T.; Rapp, P.D.; Shepard, P.F.

1980-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

282

Negative ion detachment cross sections. Interim progress report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The authors have measured absolute cross sections for electron detachment and charge exchange for collision of O and S with atomic hydrogen, have investigated the sputtering and photodesorption of negative ions from gas covered surfaces, and have begun an investigation of photon-induced field emission of electrons from exotic structures. Brief descriptions of these activities as well as future plans for these projects are given below.

Champion, R.L.; Doverspike, L.D.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Negative heat capacity at phase-separation in macroscopic systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems with long-range as well with short-range interactions should necessarily have a convex entropy S(E) at proper phase transitions of first order, i.e. when a separation of phases occurs. Here the microcanonical heat capacity c(E)= -\\frac{(\\partial S/\\partial E)^2}{\\partial^2S/\\partial E^2} is negative. This should be observable even in macroscopic systems when energy fluctuations with the surrounding world can be sufficiently suppressed.

D. H. E. Gross

2005-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

284

Negative Decaborane Ion Beam from ITEP Bernas Ion Source  

SciTech Connect

A joint research and development effort focusing on the design of steady state, intense ion sources has been in progress for the past two and a half years with a couple of Russian institutions. The ultimate goal of the effort is to meet the two, energy extreme range needs of mega-electron-volt and 100's of electron-volt ion implanters. This endeavor has already resulted in record steady state output currents of higher charge state antimony and phosphorous ions to meet high-energy implantation requirements. For low energy ion implantation, R and D efforts have involved molecular ions and a novel plasmaless/gasless deceleration method. To date, 1 emA of positive decaborane ions were extracted at 10 keV and a smaller current of negative decaborane ions were also extracted. Though of scientific interest, negative decaborane ions did not attract interest from industry, since the semiconductor ion implant industry seems to have solved the wafer-charging problem. This paper describes conditions under which negative decaborane ions are formed and extracted from a Bernas ion source.

Petrenko, S. V.; Kuibeda, R. P.; Kulevoy, T. V.; Batalin, V. A.; Pershin, V. I.; Koslov, A. V.; Stasevich, Yu. B.; Koshelev, V. A. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow, (Russian Federation); Hershcovitch, A.; Johnson, B. M. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States); Oks, E. M.; Gushenets, V. I. [High Current Electronics Institute Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk, 634055 (Russian Federation); Poole, H. J. [PVI, Oxnard, California 93031-5023 (United States)

2007-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

285

Strategic Energy Management Plan: General Services Administration, Region 10, Northwest/Arctic Region  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the mission of the General Services the mission of the General Services Administration is to help federal agencies better serve the public by offering, at best value, superior workplaces and expert solutions, acquisition services, and management policies. our vision as staff of GSA's Northwest/Arctic Region is to serve as strategic real estate advisors who provide superior, sustainable workspace solutions that exceed customer expectations, enhance worker productivity, and reflect our understanding of client needs while providing environmental leadership within the communities we serve. our core values are "SAIL ON" which stands for Support, Accountability, Integrity, Loyalty and trust, Ownership/commitment, and Nurture a fun workplace. i table of contents

286

Pennsylvania Regional Infrastructure Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CTC Team CTC Team 1 Pennsylvania Regional Infrastructure Project Presentation by: The Concurrent Technologies Corporation (CTC) Team January 6, 2004 The CTC Team 2 Presentation Outline Introduction of CTC Team CTC Background Technical Approach - CTC Team Member Presentations Conclusions The CTC Team 3 The CTC Project Team Concurrent Technologies Corporation Program Management and Coordination Hydrogen Delivery and Storage Material Development Hydrogen Sensors Concurrent Technologies Corporation Program Management and Coordination Hydrogen Delivery and Storage Material Development Hydrogen Sensors Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. Hydrogen Separation Hydrogen Sensors Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. Hydrogen Separation Hydrogen Sensors Resource Dynamics Corp. Tradeoff Analyses of Hydrogen

287

from set-valued optimization problems to set-valu - Optimization Online  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 2, 2010 ... nonempty open (not necessarily convex) cone Q. Inspired by this ...... valued optimization problems, in : P. Pardalos, Th. M. Rassias, A. A. Khan.

288

Excitation of Meinel and the first negative band system at the collision of electrons and protons with the nitrogen molecule  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The absolute cross sections for the e-N{sub 2} and p-N{sub 2} collisions for the first negative B{sup 2{Sigma}}{sub u}{sup +}-X{sup 2{Sigma}}{sub g}{sup +} and Meinel A{sup 2{Pi}}{sub u}-X{sup 2{Sigma}}{sub g}{sup +} bands have been measured in the energy region of 400-1500 eV for electrons and 0.4-10 keV for protons, respectively. Measurements are performed in the visible spectral region of 400-800 nm by an optical spectroscopy method. The ratio of the cross sections of the Meinel band system to the cross section of the first negative band system (0,0) does not depend on the incident electron energy. The populations of vibrational levels corresponding to A{sup 2{Pi}}{sub u} states are consistent with the Franck-Condon principle. The ratios of the cross sections of (4,1) to (3,0) bands and (5,2) to (3,0) bands exhibit slight dependence on the proton energy. A theoretical estimation within the quasimolecular approximation provides a reasonable description of the total cross section for the first negative band.

Gochitashvili, Malkhaz R.; Lomsadze, Ramaz A. [Physics Department, Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi 380028 (Georgia); Kezerashvili, Roman Ya. [Physics Department, New York City College of Technology, City University of New York, Brooklyn, New York 11201 (United States); Graduate School and University Center, City University of New York, New York, New York 10016 (United States)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

289

Sierra Nevada Region  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sierra Nevada Region Sierra Nevada Region Power Revenue Requirement Forecast FY 2014 - FY 2017 Expenses Revenues Expenses Revenues Expenses Revenues Expenses Revenues Expenses Revenues O&M Expense: /1 Reclamation $41,172,013 $43,590,771 $45,797,325 $47,108,786 $49,408,075 Western $56,601,261 $58,299,299 $60,048,278 $61,849,726 $63,705,218 Total O&M Expense $97,773,274 $101,890,070 $105,845,603 $108,958,512 $113,113,292 Purchase Power Expense: Custom Product & Suppl. Power /2 $211,016,136 $211,016,136 $215,236,459 $215,236,459 $219,541,188 $219,541,188 $223,932,012 $223,932,012 $228,410,652 $228,410,652 HBA Costs /3 $2,310,408 $2,379,720 $2,451,112 $2,524,645 $2,600,385 Purchases for Project Use /4 $1,025,800 $0 $0 $0 $0 Washoe Cost for BR $471,500 $471,500 $471,500 $194,000 $194,000 Total Purchase Power

290

Merged Sounding Value-Added Product  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Merged Sounding value-added product (VAP) uses a combination of observations from radiosonde soundings, the microwave radiometer (MWR), surface meteorological instruments, and European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) model output with a sophisticated scaling/interpolation/smoothing scheme in order to define profiles of the atmospheric thermodynamic state at one-minute temporal intervals and a total of 266 altitude levels.

Troyan, D

2010-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

291

Bulk Energy Storage Impact and Value Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is intended for planners, R&D managers, and potential investors who manage or interpret results from value and impact analysis of energy storage. Due to performance improvements and cost reductions of battery technologies and the expectation that energy storage may help to manage potential operational challenges of incorporating variable, renewable energy resources, energy storage systems are under renewed investigation as a future electric system resource. Pumped hydro storage ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

292

ARM KAZR-ARSCL Value Added Product  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars (KAZRs) have replaced the long-serving Millimeter Cloud Radars, or MMCRs. Accordingly, the primary MMCR Value Added Product (VAP), the Active Remote Sensing of CLouds (ARSCL) product, is being replaced by a KAZR-based version, the KAZR-ARSCL VAP. KAZR-ARSCL provides cloud boundaries and best-estimate time-height fields of radar moments.

Michael Jensen

293

ARM KAZR-ARSCL Value Added Product  

SciTech Connect

The Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars (KAZRs) have replaced the long-serving Millimeter Cloud Radars, or MMCRs. Accordingly, the primary MMCR Value Added Product (VAP), the Active Remote Sensing of CLouds (ARSCL) product, is being replaced by a KAZR-based version, the KAZR-ARSCL VAP. KAZR-ARSCL provides cloud boundaries and best-estimate time-height fields of radar moments.

Michael Jensen

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

294

Computing Information Value from RDF Graph Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information value has been implicitly utilized and mostly non-subjectively computed in information retrieval (IR) systems. We explicitly define and compute the value of an information piece as a function of two parameters, the first is the potential semantic impact the target information can subjectively have on its recipient's world-knowledge, and the second parameter is trust in the information source. We model these two parameters as properties of RDF graphs. Two graphs are constructed, a target graph representing the semantics of the target body of information and a context graph representing the context of the consumer of that information. We compute information value subjectively as a function of both potential change to the context graph (impact) and the overlap between the two graphs (trust). Graph change is computed as a graph edit distance measuring the dissimilarity between the context graph before and after the learning of the target graph. A particular application of this subjective information valuation is in the construction of a personalized ranking component in Web search engines. Based on our method, we construct a Web re-ranking system that personalizes the information experience for the information-consumer.

al-Saffar, Sinan; Heileman, Gregory

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

295

Initial Value Problem in General Relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article, written to appear as a chapter in "The Springer Handbook of Spacetime", is a review of the initial value problem for Einstein's gravitational field theory in general relativity. Designed to be accessible to graduate students who have taken a first course in general relativity, the article first discusses how to reformulate the spacetime fields and spacetime covariant field equations of Einstein's theory in terms of fields and field equations compatible with a 3+1 foliation of spacetime with spacelike hypersurfaces. It proceeds to discuss the arguments which show that the initial value problem for Einstein's theory is well-posed, in the sense that for any given set of initial data satisfying the Einstein constraint equations, there is a (maximal) spacetime solution of the full set of Einstein equations, compatible with the given set of data. The article then describes how to generate initial data sets which satisfy the Einstein constraints, using the conformal (and conformal thin sandwich) method, and using gluing techniques. The article concludes with comments regarding stability and long term behavior of solutions of Einstein's equations generated via the initial value problem.

James Isenberg

2013-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

296

Intermittency and the Value of Renewable Energy ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper develops an empirical approach to estimate the equilibrium value of renewable electricity technologies, and applies it to evaluate solar energy mandates in southeastern Arizona. Solar generation and other renewables suffer from intermittency because weather varies and is only partially forecastable. Intermittency imposes costs as a planner must maintain backup capacity and allocate operating reserves in order to avoid system failure. We model an electricity system where a system operator optimizes the amount of generation capacity, operating reserves, and demand curtailment in the presence of variable and partially forecastable demand and renewable production. We use generator characteristics, solar output, demand and weather forecast data to estimate parameters. Equilibrium costs of a 20 percent mandate are $133.7 per MWh of solar generation of which unforecastable intermittency accounts for only $4.1 of this. If solar generation were fully dispatchable, costs would drop by $24.3 per MWh. If CO2 reductions are valued at $25/ton then this mandate would be welfare neutral if solar capacity costs dropped from the current $5/W to $1.78/W. Our methods can be applied to examine the value of other technologies, such as wind power and storage, and electricity market changes, such as real-time pricing.

Gautam Gowrisankaran; Stanley S. Reynolds; Mario Samano

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Developing Louisiana's Forest Products Industry: Adding Value for the Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a manufacturingThe increased value at each stage of a manufacturing assembly processassembly process Those and necessaryimportant and necessary Addition of net economic valueAddition of net economic value Value can be added through manufacturing orValue can be added through manufacturing or marketingmarketing Why Add Value

298

Training Needs in Louisiana's Value-Added Forest Products Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Incentives Industry #12;What is Value-Added? The increased value at each stage of a manufacturingThe increased value at each stage of a manufacturing assembly processassembly process Those activities or steps and necessary Addition of net economic valueAddition of net economic value Value can be added through

299

The Value Effect of Crude Oil Derivatives Transactions by Oil Producers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous studies show that crude oil is negatively correlated with stocks but has almost the same rate of return as stocks, and so adding crude oil into a portfolio with equities can provide significant diversification benefits for the portfolio. Given the diversification benefit of crude oil mixed with equities, we examine the value effect of crude oil derivatives transactions by oil and gas producers. Differing from traditional corporate risk management literature, this study examines corporate derivatives transactions from the shareholders’ diversification perspective. The results show that crude oil derivatives transactions by oil and gas producers do impact value. If oil and gas producing companies stop shorting crude oil derivatives contracts, company stock prices increase significantly. In contrast, if oil and gas producing companies initiate short positions in crude oil derivatives contracts, stock prices drop marginally significantly. Thus, hedging by producers is not necessarily good. Transaction limitation is shown to be one of the possible sources of the value effect of corporate derivatives

John W. Kensinger; Eric C. Lin; Helen Xu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Science & Innovation Carbon Capture and Storage Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Lithium aluminum/iron sulfide battery having lithium aluminum and silicon as negative electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of making a negative electrode, the electrode made thereby and a secondary electrochemical c

Gilbert, M.; Kaun, T.

1984-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

302

Appendix K: Regional Definitions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2008 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2008 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2008 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

303

A short remark on negative energy densities and quantum inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In quantum field theory it is generally known that the energy density may be negative at a given point in spacetime. A number of papers have shown that there is a restriction on this energy density which is called a quantum inequality (QI). A QI is the lower bound to the "weighted average" of the energy density at a given point integrated over a time dependent sampling function. In this paper we give an example of a sampling function for which there is no QI.

Solomon, Dan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

A short remark on negative energy densities and quantum inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In quantum field theory it is generally known that the energy density may be negative at a given point in spacetime. A number of papers have shown that there is a restriction on this energy density which is called a quantum inequality (QI). A QI is the lower bound to the "weighted average" of the energy density at a given point integrated over a time dependent sampling function. In this paper we give an example of a sampling function for which there is no QI.

Dan Solomon

2009-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

305

Electron Rescattering in Above-Threshold Photodetachment of Negative Ions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present experimental and theoretical results on photodetachment of Br{sup -} and F{sup -} in a strong infrared laser field. The observed photoelectron spectra of Br{sup -} exhibit a high-energy plateau along the laser polarization direction, which is identified as being due to the rescattering effect. The shape and the extension of the plateau is found to be influenced by the depletion of negative ions during the interaction with the laser pulse. Our findings represent the first observation of electron rescattering in above-threshold photodetachment of an atomic system with a short-range potential.

Gazibegovic-Busuladzic, A. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Milosevic, D. B. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Becker, W. [Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Bergues, B.; Hultgren, H.; Kiyan, I. Yu. [Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet, D-79104 Freiburg (Germany)

2010-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

306

Calibrating the DARHT Electron Spectrometer with Negative Ions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Negative ions of hydrogen and oxygen have been used to calibrate the DARHT electron spectrometer over the momentum range of 2 to 20 MeV/c. The calibration was performed on September 1, 3, and 8, 2004, and it is good to 0.5% absolute, provided that instrument alignment is carefully controlled. The momentum in MeV/c as a function of magnetic field (B in Gauss) and position in the detector plane (X in mm) is: P = (B-6.28)/(108.404-0.1935*X)

R. Trainham (STL), A. P. Tipton (LAO), and R. R. Bartech (LANL)

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Elastic-scattering measurement of the negative-pion radius  

SciTech Connect

A new measurement of the elastic scattering of 250-GeV/c negative pions by electrons provides form-factor results from 0.0368 = 0.439 +- 0.030 fm/sup 2/ or /sup 1/2/ = 0.663 +- 0.023 fm. Comparisons are made with previous elastic-scattering experiments as well as with results obtained from electroproduction experiments, e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation experiments, and phenomenological analyses.

Dally, E.B.; Hauptman, J.M.; Kubic, J.

1982-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

308

Equilibrium with exponential utility and non-negative consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a multi-period Arrow-Debreu equilibrium in a heterogeneous economy populated by agents trading in a complete market. Each agent is represented by an exponential utility function, where additionally no negative level of consumption is permitted. We derive an explicit formula for the optimal consumption policies involving a put option depending on the state price density. We exploit this formula to prove the existence of an equilibrium and then provide a characterization of all possible equilibria, under the assumption of positive endowments. Via particular examples, we demonstrate that uniqueness is not always guaranteed. Finally, we discover the presence of infinitely many equilibria when endowments are vanishing.

Muraviev, Roman

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Loss compensated negative index material at optical wavelengths  

SciTech Connect

We present a computational approach, allowing for a self-consistent treatment of three-dimensional (3D) fishnet metamaterial operating at 710 nm wavelength coupled to a gain material incorporated into the nanostructure. We show numerically that loss-free negative index material is achievable by incorporating gain material inside the fishnet structure. The effective gain coefficient of the combined fishnet-gain system is much larger than its bulk counterpart and the figure-of-merit (FOM = | Re(n)/Im(n) |) increases dramatically with gain. Transmission, reflection, and absorption data, as well as the retrieved effective parameters, are presented for the fishnet structure with and without gain.

Fang, Anan; Huang, Zhixiang; Koschny, Thomas; Soukoulis, Costas M.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

310

Thermodynamic Causes for Future Trends in Heavy Precipitation over Europe Based on an Ensemble of Regional Climate Model Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An extreme-value analysis of projected changes in heavy precipitation is carried out for an ensemble of eight high-resolution regional climate model simulations over the European domain. The consideration of several regional climate models that ...

Christine Radermacher; Lorenzo Tomassini

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Southeast Regional Clean Energy Policy Analysis (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

More than half of the electricity produced in the southeastern states is fuelled by coal. Although the region produces some coal, most of the states depend heavily on coal imports. Many of the region's aging coal power facilities are planned for retirement within the next 20 years. However, estimates indicate that a 20% increase in capacity is needed over that time to meet the rapidly growing demand. The most common incentives for energy efficiency in the Southeast are loans and rebates; however, total public spending on energy efficiency is limited. The most common state-level policies to support renewable energy development are personal and corporate tax incentives and loans. The region produced 1.8% of the electricity from renewable resources other than conventional hydroelectricity in 2009, half of the national average. There is significant potential for development of a biomass market in the region, as well as use of local wind, solar, methane-to-energy, small hydro, and combined heat and power resources. Options are offered for expanding and strengthening state-level policies such as decoupling, integrated resource planning, building codes, net metering, and interconnection standards to support further clean energy development. Benefits would include energy security, job creation, insurance against price fluctuations, increased value of marginal lands, and local and global environmental paybacks.

McLaren, J.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Gravo-thermodynamics of the Intracluster Medium: negative heat capacity and dilation of cooling time scales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The time scale for cooling of the gravitationally bound gaseous intracluster medium (ICM) is not determined by radiative processes alone. If the ICM is in quasi-hydrostatic equilibrium in the fixed gravitational field of the dark matter halo then energy losses incurred by the gravitational potential energy of the gas should also be taken into account. This "gravitational heating" has been known for a while using explicit solutions to the equations of motion. Here, we re-visit this effect by applying the virial theorem to gas in quasi-hydrostatic equilibrium in an external gravitational field, neglecting the gravity of the gas. For a standard NFW form of halo profiles and for a finite gas density, the response of the gas temperature to changes in the total energy is significantly delayed. The effective cooling time could be prolonged by more than an order of magnitude inside the scale radius ($\\rs$) of the halo. Gas lying at a distance twice the scale radius, has negative heat capacity so that the temperature increases as a result of energy losses. Although external heating (e.g. by AGN activity) is still required to explain the lack of cool ICM near the center, the analysis here may circumvent the need for heating in farther out regions where the effective cooling time could be prolonged to become larger than the cluster age and also explains the increase of temperature with radius in these regions.

Adi Nusser

2008-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

313

Regional air quality in the Four Corners study region  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The body of information presented in this paper is directed to policy makers, regulators, and energy planners concerned with the effect of energy development and alternative regulatory policies on regional air quality in the Four Corners Study Region. This study was one of 5 regional studies conducted for the National Commission on Air Quality (NCAQ). Potential regional air quality impacts were evaluated out to the year 1995 for alternative energy scenarios under current and alternative regulatory policies. Highlights of the results from the regional air quality analysis are discussed in this paper.

Nochumson, D.H.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Many-core key-value store  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scaling data centers to handle task-parallel work-loads requires balancing the cost of hardware, operations, and power. Low-power, low-core-count servers reduce costs in one of these dimensions, but may require additional nodes to provide the required ... Keywords: 64-core Tilera TILEPro64, many-core key-value store, data centers, task-parallel workloads, low-core-count servers, low-power servers, under-utilizing memory, power consumption, high-core-count processor, clock rate, 4-core Intel Xeon L5520, 8-core AMD Opteron 6128 HE

M. Berezecki; E. Frachtenberg; M. Paleczny; K. Steele

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Stations in Special Wind Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stations in Special Wind Regions. ... station_matrix_912850.xlsx (Excel file). [ SED Home | Extreme Winds Home | Previous | Next ] ...

2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

316

Regional business cycles in Italy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is clear evidence for differences in the structure of the Italian regional business cycle in the period 1951-2004: the relationship with the national business cycle is closer in the North than in the South. The interaction between regional cycles ... Keywords: Regional business cycles, Spectral analysis, Stylized facts

Camilla Mastromarco; Ulrich Woitek

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Average values and dispersion (in parentheses)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Average values and dispersion (in parentheses) Average values and dispersion (in parentheses) Base-pair Parameters --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Shear Stretch Stagger Buckle Propeller Opening 3DNA A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.77) -11.79(4.14) 0.57(2.80) B 0.00(0.21) -0.15(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.74) -11.35(5.26) 0.63(3.05) CEHS A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.75) -11.82(4.14) 0.56(2.78) B 0.00(0.21) -0.14(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.73) -11.37(5.27) 0.62(3.03) CompDNA A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.12(7.70) -11.81(4.14) 0.56(2.79) B 0.00(0.21) -0.15(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.70) -11.37(5.26) 0.62(3.03) Curves A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.85) -11.76(4.12) 0.57(2.80)

318

The hidden value of transmission assets  

SciTech Connect

Numerous utilities have realized that they can do better with their transmission assets than neutering them into ISOs and have proposed the creation of for-profit transmission companies (Transcos). This would turn transmission assets into equity with higher risk but also returns potentially higher than the regulated cost of capital. This article's contribution to the ongoing debate is to show that Transcos constitute a simple and robust solution to transmission congestion problems that would otherwise jeopardize the advent of competitive power markets. Policymakers and regulators should therefore view favorably the emergence of for-profit, regulated transmission companies, and leave them with reasonable room to recover their cost and earn a fully compensatory return on investment. Regulatory benevolence is crucial for Transcos, for electric power transmission is arguably the ultimate regulated activity: significant economies of scale and wide-ranging network externalities (the infamous loop flows) make operation and management of the grid a natural monopoly that must be regulated. A significant share of the value at stake therefore hinges on the regulator's attitude towards the for-profit transmission company: if the regulator is favorable, she will leave enough room to recover the variable and capital costs. If she is unfavorable, the proposition is simply a non-starter. This article first builds a public policy argument in favor of transmission companies, then discusses the key success factors required to create significant value in transmission: regulatory prowess and superior network management.

Nasser, T.O. (McKinsey and Co., Washington, DC (United States))

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Life Cycle Management Value Planning Tool (LcmVALUE) Code, Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important aspect of equipment aging or life cycle management (LCM) planning is the comparison of the long term economics of alternative plans, all of which satisfy safety and reliability requirements. These economic evaluations must be performed on a net present value basis, and must include factors such as failure rates, value of lost production, consequential costs of potential regulatory sanctions and adverse public relations, and the costs of planned preventive maintenance (PM) and unplanned corre...

2002-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

320

Conditional Value-at-Risk and Average Value-at-Risk: Estimation and Asymptotics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We discuss linear regression approaches to the estimation of law-invariant conditional risk measures. Two estimation procedures are considered and compared; one is based on residual analysis of the standard least-squares method, and the other is in the ... Keywords: M-estimators, average value-at-risk, conditional risk measures, law-invariant risk measures, least-squares residuals, linear regression, quantile regression, statistical inference, value-at-risk

So Yeon Chun; Alexander Shapiro; Stan Uryasev

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Measurements of Scattering Processes in Negative Ion- Atom Collisions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The main research activity is to study various scattering processes which occur in H{sup -} collisions with atomic (specifically, noble gas and atomic hydrogen) targets in the intermediate energy region. These processes include: elastic scattering, single- and double-electron detachment, and target excitation/ionization.

Kvale, T. J.

2000-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

322

A Negative Soil Moisture–Precipitation Relationship and Its Causes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines a lagged soil moisture–precipitation (S–P) correlation for 24 yr of boreal summer (1979–2002) from the 40-yr ECMWF Re-Analysis (ERA-40), the NCEP–Department of Energy (DOE) reanalysis 2 (R-2), the North American Regional ...

Jiangfeng Wei; Robert E. Dickinson; Haishan Chen

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Regional Partnerships | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regional Regional Partnerships Regional Partnerships DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Program DOE has created a network of seven Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (RCSPs) to help develop the technology, infrastructure, and regulations to implement large-scale CO2 storage (also called carbon sequestration) in different regions and geologic formations within the Nation. Collectively, the seven RCSPs represent regions encompassing: 97 percent of coal-fired CO2 emissions; 97 percent of industrial CO2 emissions; 96 percent of the total land mass; and essentially all the geologic sequestration sites in the U.S. potentially available for carbon storage. We launched this initiative in 2003. It's being completed in phases (I, II, and III) and forms the centerpiece of national efforts to develop the

324

False-Negative Rate and Recovery Efficiency Performance of a Validated Sponge Wipe Sampling Method  

SciTech Connect

Recovery of spores from environmental surfaces varies due to sampling and analysis methods, spore size and characteristics, surface materials, and environmental conditions. Tests were performed to evaluate a new, validated sponge wipe method using Bacillus atrophaeus spores. Testing evaluated the effects of spore concentration and surface material on recovery efficiency (RE), false-negative rate (FNR), limit of detection (LOD), and their uncertainties. Ceramic tile and stainless steel had the highest mean RE values (48.9 and 48.1%, respectively). Faux leather, vinyl tile, and painted wood had mean RE values of 30.3, 25.6, and 25.5, respectively, while plastic had the lowest mean RE (9.8%). Results show roughly linear dependences of RE and FNR on surface roughness, with smoother surfaces resulting in higher mean REs and lower FNRs. REs were not influenced by the low spore concentrations tested (3.10x10^-3 to 1.86 CFU/cm^2). Stainless steel had the lowest mean FNR (0.123), and plastic had the highest mean FNR (0.479). The LOD90 (>1 CFU detected 90% of the time) varied with surface material, from 0.015 CFU/cm^2 on stainless steel up to 0.039 on plastic. It may be possible to improve sampling results by considering surface roughness in selecting sampling locations and interpreting spore recovery data. Further, FNR values (calculated as a function of concentration and surface material) can be used presampling to calculate the numbers of samples for statistical sampling plans with desired performance and postsampling to calculate the confidence in characterization and clearance decisions.

Krauter, Paula; Piepel, Gregory F.; Boucher, Raymond; Tezak, Matthew S.; Amidan, Brett G.; Einfeld, Wayne

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Linear and nonlinear degenerate boundary value problems in Besov spaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The boundary value problems for linear and nonlinear degenerate differential-operator equations in Banach-valued Besov spaces are studied. Several conditions for the separability of linear elliptic problems are given. Moreover, the positivity and the ... Keywords: Banach-valued Besov spaces, Boundary value problems, Differential-operator equations, Interpolation of Banach spaces, Operator-valued multipliers

Veli B. Shakhmurov; Ravi P. Agarwal

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Using value engineering to facilitate PWAs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Value Engineering (VE) is a problem solving methodology that has been used in manufacturing and construction industries for fifty years to improve products, systems and projects while reducing unnecessary cost. A Process Waste Assessment (PWA) is a newly developed methodology designed to characterize waste streams and identify opportunities to reduce or eliminate waste generation. The VE and PWA methodologies are compared to show their general similarities and specific differences, and to suggest how VE can be woven into the PWA methodology. Further, the roles of the VE and PWA team leaders and their training are compared; suggestions are made to help enable the PWA team leader to more effectively lead a group-centered creative process. Examples of how VE has been used in hazardous and radioactive waste minimization and pollution prevention projects are presented, also.

Sperling, R.B.

1993-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

327

Aerosol Best Estimate Value-Added Product  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the Aerosol Best Estimate (AEROSOLBE) value-added product (VAP) is to provide vertical profiles of aerosol extinction, single scatter albedo, asymmetry parameter, and Angstroem exponents for the atmospheric column above the Central Facility at the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. We expect that AEROSOLBE will provide nearly continuous estimates of aerosol optical properties under a range of conditions (clear, broken clouds, overcast clouds, etc.). The primary requirement of this VAP was to provide an aerosol data set as continuous as possible in both time and height for the Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) VAP in order to provide a structure for the comprehensive assessment of our ability to model atmospheric radiative transfer for all conditions. Even though BBHRP has been completed, AEROSOLBE results are very valuable for environmental, atmospheric, and climate research.

Flynn, C; Turner, D; Koontz, A; Chand, D; Sivaraman, C

2012-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

328

CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2010 Country Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

329

Appendix B Sierra Nevada Region Customer Groups and Economic Regions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A- Not available electronically. A- Not available electronically. Appendix B Sierra Nevada Region Customer Groups and Economic Regions The list included in this appendix shows the Sierra Nevada Region customers with contracts expiring in the year 2004. The list indicates which customer group each customer is considered a part of for purposes of analysis. The list also shows which economic region each customer is located in. Some customers are not included in a subregion of the central and northern California region. Further discussion of the economic regions is included in Section 4.9.4 and in Appendix L. Appendix C Renewable Technology Cost Information Matrix The development of the renewable technology matrix (RTM) was undertaken to determine the primary cost and performance characteristics of renewable technologies in

330

Experimental studies of the Negative Ion of Hydrogen. Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document presents an overview of the results of the DOE'S support of experimental research into the structure and interactions of the negative ion of hydrogen conducted by the Department of Physics and Astronomy of the University of New Mexico at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The work involves many collaborations with scientists from both institutions, as well as others. Although official DOE support for this work began in 1977, the experiment that led to it was done in 1971, near the time the 800 MeV linear accelerator at Los Alamos (LAMPF) first came on line. Until the mid nineties, the work was performed using the relativistic beam at LAMFF. The most recent results were obtained using the 35 keV injector beam for the Ground Test Accelerator at Los Alamos. A list of all published results from this work is presented.

Bryant, Howard C.

1999-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

331

Multiple delivery cesium oven system for negative ion sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distribution of cesium in large negative ion beam sources to be operational in ITER, is presently based on the use of three or more cesium ovens, which operate simultaneously and are controlled remotely. However, use of multiple Cs ovens simultaneously is likely to pose difficulties in operation and maintenance of the ovens. An alternate method of Cs delivery, based on a single oven distribution system is proposed as one which could reduce the need of simultaneous operation of many ovens. A proof of principle experiment verifying the concept of a multinozzle distributor based Cs oven has been carried out at Institute for Plasma Research. It is also observed that the Cs flux is not controlled by Cs reservoir temperature after few hours of operation but by the temperature of the distributor which starts behaving as a Cs reservoir.

Bansal, G.; Bhartiya, S.; Pandya, K.; Bandyopadhyay, M.; Singh, M. J.; Soni, J.; Gahlaut, A.; Parmar, K. G.; Chakraborty, A. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382428 (India)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Negative-mass Instability in Nonlinear Plasma Waves  

SciTech Connect

The negative-mass instability (NMI), previously found in ion traps, appears as a distinct regime of the sideband instability in nonlinear plasma waves with trapped particles. As the bounce frequency of these particles decreases with the bounce action, bunching can occur if the action distribution is inverted in trapping islands. In contrast to existing theories that also infer instabilities from the anharmonicity of bounce oscillations, spatial periodicity of the islands turns out to be unimportant, and the particle distribution can be unstable even if it is at at the resonance. An analytical model is proposed which describes both single traps and periodic nonlinear waves and concisely generalizes the conventional description of the sideband instability in plasma waves. The theoretical results are supported by particle-in-cell simulations carried out for a regime accentuating the NMI effect.

I.Y. Dodin, P.F. Schmit, J. Rocks and N.J. Fisch

2013-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

333

Models of radiofrequency coupling for negative ion sources  

SciTech Connect

Radiofrequency heating for ICP (inductively coupled plasma) ion sources depends on the source operating pressure, the presence or absence of a Faraday shield, the driver coil geometry, the frequency used, and the magnetic field configuration: in negative ion source a magnetic filter seems necessary for H{sup -} survival. The result of single particle simulations showing the possibility of electron acceleration in the preglow regime and for reasonable driver chamber radius (15 cm) is reported, also as a function of the static external magnetic field. An effective plasma conductivity, depending not only from electron density, temperature, and rf field but also on static magnetic field is here presented and compared to previous models. Use of this conductivity and of multiphysics tools for a plasma transport and heating model is shown and discussed for a small source.

Cavenago, M.; Petrenko, S. [INFN-LNL, viale dell'Universita n.2, 35020 Legnaro (Italy)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

334

RF-Plasma Source Commissioning in Indian Negative Ion Facility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Indian program of the RF based negative ion source has started off with the commissioning of ROBIN, the inductively coupled RF based negative ion source facility under establishment at Institute for Plasma research (IPR), India. The facility is being developed under a technology transfer agreement with IPP Garching. It consists of a single RF driver based beam source (BATMAN replica) coupled to a 100 kW, 1 MHz RF generator with a self excited oscillator, through a matching network, for plasma production and ion extraction and acceleration. The delivery of the RF generator and the RF plasma source without the accelerator, has enabled initiation of plasma production experiments. The recent experimental campaign has established the matching circuit parameters that result in plasma production with density in the range of 0.5-1x10{sup 18}/m{sup 3}, at operational gas pressures ranging between 0.4-1 Pa. Various configurations of the matching network have been experimented upon to obtain a stable operation of the set up for RF powers ranging between 25-85 kW and pulse lengths ranging between 4-20 s. It has been observed that the range of the parameters of the matching circuit, over which the frequency of the power supply is stable, is narrow and further experiments with increased number of turns in the coil are in the pipeline to see if the range can be widened. In this paper, the description of the experimental system and the commissioning data related to the optimisation of the various parameters of the matching network, to obtain stable plasma of required density, are presented and discussed.

Singh, M. J.; Bandyopadhyay, M.; Yadava, Ratnakar; Chakraborty, A. K. [ITER- India, Institute for Plasma Research, A-29, Sector 25, GIDC, Gandhinagar, Gujrat (India); Bansal, G.; Gahlaut, A.; Soni, J.; Kumar, Sunil; Pandya, K.; Parmar, K. G.; Sonara, J. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat Gandhinagar, Gujrat (India); Kraus, W.; Heinemann, B.; Riedl, R.; Obermayer, S.; Martens, C.; Franzen, P.; Fantz, U. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstrasse 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

335

Investigating Army systems and Systems of Systems for value robustness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis proposes a value robustness approach to architect defense systems and Systems of Systems (SoS). A value robust system or SoS has the ability to provide continued value to stakeholders by performing well to meet ...

Koo, Kevin C. K. (Kevin Cheng Keong)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Managing unarticulated value : changeability in multi-attribute tradespace exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A framework for creating value robust systems in the face of changing value perceptions during the architecture and design of systems is proposed. Both unarticulated value, that which is not explicitly communicated to ...

Ross, Adam Michael, 1977-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Category:Geothermal Regions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermalpower.jpg Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the Geothermal Regions page? For detailed information on Geothermal Regions, click here. Category:Geothermal Regions Add.png Add a new Geothermal Region Pages in category "Geothermal Regions" The following 22 pages are in this category, out of 22 total. A Alaska Geothermal Region C Cascades Geothermal Region Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region G Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region H Hawaii Geothermal Region Holocene Magmatic Geothermal Region I Idaho Batholith Geothermal Region N Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region N cont. Northern Rockies Geothermal Region Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region O Outside a Geothermal Region R Rio Grande Rift Geothermal Region S San Andreas Geothermal Region San Andreas Split Geothermal Region

338

Complexity index indicates refinery capability, value  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Refinery size usually is measured in terms of distillation capacity. Relative size, however, can be measured using refinery complexity--a concept developed by W.L. Nelson in the 1960s. Nelson developed the complexity index to quantify the relative cost of components that make up a refinery. It is a pure cost index that provides a relative measure of the construction costs of a particular refinery based on its crude and upgrading capacity. The Nelson index compares the costs of various upgrading units--such as a fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) unit or a catalytic reformer--to the cost of a crude distillation unit. Computation of the index is an attempt to quantify the relative cost of a refinery based on the added cost of various upgrading units and the relative upgrading capacity. A review of complexity calculations, and an explanation of how indices have changed, provide a simple means of determining the complexity of single refineries or refining regions. The impact of complexity on product slate is also examined in this paper.

Johnston, D. [Daniel Johnston and Co. Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)

1996-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

339

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The...

340

The Value of Distributed Generation under Different Tariff Structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tariff Structure on Distributed Generation Adoption in NewThe Value of Distributed Generation under Different TariffThe Value of Distributed Generation under Different Tariff

Firestone, Ryan; Magnus Maribu, Karl; Marnay, Chris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

The Added Economic and Environmental Value of Solar Thermal Systems...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Environmental Value of Solar Thermal Systems in Microgrids with Combined Heat and Power Title The Added Economic and Environmental Value of Solar Thermal Systems in...

342

The Value of Underground Storage in Today's Natural Gas Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration iii The Value of Underground Storage in Today's Natural Gas Industry Preface The Value of Underground Storage in Today's Natural ...

343

Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

month. The Value of Solar rate is based upon several factors* including: loss savings, energy savings, generation capacity savings, fuel price hedge value, transmission and...

344

Eastern Consuming Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Eastern Consuming Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion Cubic Feet) Eastern Consuming Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion Cubic Feet) Eastern Consuming Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion Cubic Feet) Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value 1993-Dec 12/31 1,411 1994-Jan 01/07 1,323 01/14 1,199 01/21 1,040 01/28 958 1994-Feb 02/04 838 02/11 728 02/18 665 02/25 627 1994-Mar 03/04 529 03/11 531 03/18 462 03/25 461 1994-Apr 04/01 465 04/08 475 04/15 494 04/22 541 04/29 593 1994-May 05/06 636 05/13 690 05/20 731 05/27 795

345

Salt Producing Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Salt Producing Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion Cubic Feet) Salt Producing Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion Cubic Feet) Salt Producing Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion Cubic Feet) Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value 2006-Dec 12/29 101 2007-Jan 01/05 109 01/12 107 01/19 96 01/26 91 2007-Feb 02/02 78 02/09 63 02/16 52 02/23 54 2007-Mar 03/02 59 03/09 58 03/16 64 03/23 70 03/30 78 2007-Apr 04/06 81 04/13 80 04/20 80 04/27 83 2007-May 05/04 85 05/11 88 05/18 92 05/25 97 2007-Jun 06/01 100 06/08 101 06/15 102 06/22 102 06/29 102

346

Value of storage with increased renewable penetration.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem statement for this project is: (1) Renewable energy portfolio standards - (a) high penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation on the grid, (b) utilities constrained by NERC Control Performance Standards, (c) requires additional resources to match generation with load; and (2) mitigation of impacts with energy storage - at what level of renewable penetration does energy storage become an attractive value proposition. Use a simplified, yet robust dispatch model that: (a) incorporates New Mexico Balance Area load and wind generation data, (b) distributes the load among a suite of generators, (c) quantifies increased generation costs with increased penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation - fuel, startup, shut down, ramping, standby, etc., (d) tracks and quantifies NERC pentalties and violations, and (e) quantifies storage costs. Dispatch model has been constructed and it: (a) accurately distributes a load among a suite of generators, (b) quantifies duty cycle metrics for each of the generators - cumulative energy production, ramping and non ramping duration, spinning reserves, number of start-ups, and shut down durations, etc., (c) quantifies energy exchanges - cumulative exchanges, duration, and number of exchanges, (d) tracks ACE violations.

Brainard, James Robert; Roach, Jesse Dillon

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Figure 1. Census Regions and Divisions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

US Federal Region Map US Federal Region Map US Federal Regions/> Region 1 Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont Region 2 New Jersey, New York Region 3 Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia Region 4 Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee Region 5 Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin Region 6 Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas Region 7 Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska Region 8 Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming Region 9 Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada Region 10 Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, Washington Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels.

348

Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Sequestration Partnership Presented to: Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Annual Review Meeting Development Phase Field Tests Pittsburgh, PA October 5, 2010...

349

Regional Competitions - EERE Commercialization Office  

The six regional winners received $100,000 in DOE prize money and a chance to compete for a National Grand Prize at a competition held in Washington, ...

350

Regional Opportunities in New Mexico  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mexico Regional Opportunities in New Mexico The Technology Transfer Division facilitates a number of programs designed to stimulate high-tech start-ups and other company creation,...

351

Argonne TDC: Regional Economic Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Economic Development Argonne participates in economic development activities with State of Illinois agencies and programs, business and industrial organizations, and...

352

Conservation Regional Conservation SavingsRegional Conservation Savings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Northwest Power and Conservation Council Regional Conservation SavingsRegional Conservation the Plan''s Targets?s Targets? March 14, 2008 slide 2 Northwest Power and Conservation Council 55thth Plan Conservation ResourcePlan Conservation Resource Acquisition TargetsAcquisition Targets 20052005 ­­ 2009 = 700 a

353

Regional GHG Emissions Stat s Greenhouse Gas and the Regional  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6/5/2013 1 Regional GHG Emissions Stat s Greenhouse Gas and the Regional Power System Symposium.6% Coal 42% Hydro, 68.0% 10 #12;6/5/2013 6 Overall GHG Emissions: PNW vs. US Total US Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Economic Sector (2011) Total PNW* Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Economic Sector (2010

354

Regional GHG Emissions O tlook Greenhouse Gas and the Regional  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6/5/2013 1 Regional GHG Emissions O tlook Greenhouse Gas and the Regional Power System Symposium Natural Gas Prices 6. Potential Federal CO2 regulatory cost policy Two basic CO2 Cost 10 20 30 40 Million Generation Coal 19 % 15 % 13 % Natural Gas 10 % 10 % 14 % Wind & Other Renewables 8 % 12 % 13 % Emission

355

Property:TransportToolkit/Regions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:TransportToolkit/Regions Jump to: navigation, search Property Name TransportToolkit/Regions Property Type String Description Transport Toolkit property to help filter pages Valid values are Africa & Middle East, Asia, Australia & North America, Europe, Latin America & Caribbean and Global Used in Form/Template Tool Allows Values Africa & Middle East;Asia;Australia & North America;Europe;Latin America & Caribbean;Global Pages using the property "TransportToolkit/Regions" Showing 6 pages using this property. A Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management + Africa & Middle East + Assessment of the type of cycling infrastructure required to attract new cyclists + Australia & North America +

356

An Extension of a Linguistic Negation Model Allowing Us to Deny Nuanced Property Combinations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we improve the abilities of a previous model of representation of vague information expressed under an affirmative or negative form. The study more especially insists on information referring to linguistic negation. The extended definition ...

Daniel Pacholczyk

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Regional Systems Development for Geothermal Energy Resources Pacific Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Systems Development for Geothermal Energy Resources Pacific Region Systems Development for Geothermal Energy Resources Pacific Region (California and Hawaii). Task 3: water resources evaluation. Topical report Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: Regional Systems Development for Geothermal Energy Resources Pacific Region (California and Hawaii). Task 3: water resources evaluation. Topical report Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The fundamental objective of the water resources analysis was to assess the availability of surface and ground water for potential use as power plant make-up water in the major geothermal areas of California. The analysis was concentrated on identifying the major sources of surface and ground water, potential limitations on the usage of this water, and the

358

Regional Measurement Assurance Programs (RMAP) ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Myrtle Beach, SC, Robert McGee. ... Government staff often lose sight of the value of good customer service; yet in times of budget cuts and scarce ...

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

The value of windpower: An investigation using a qualified production cost model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As part of the US Department of Energy`s Wind Energy Program at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, we are using the Environmental Defense Fund`s Electric Utility Financial & Production Cost Model (Elfin) as a tool to determine the value of wind energy to specific utilities. The cases we have developed exercise a number of options in the way in which wind energy is treated: (1) as a load modifer (negative load); (2) as a quick-start supply-side resource with hourly varying output; and (3) probabilistically, using time-varying Weibull distributions. By using two wind speed distributions, two different wind turbines, and two different utilities, we show what the wind turbine cost/kW might be that results in a positive value of wind energy for these utilities.

Milligan, M.R.; Miller, A.H.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Extracting value from coal mine methane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emerging US policy to regulate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through a cap-and-trade program presents mine managers with a new opportunity to explore and develop methane utilization or abatement projects that generate value from the anodization of carbon offset credits. In addition, the rising focus on US energy security and domestic energy supply is promoting mine managers and engineers to give further consideration to the importance of their methane gas by-products. The market through which coal mine methane offset projects can be developed and carbon offset credits monetized is quickly maturing. While many methane utilization projects have previously been uneconomical, the carbon offset credit market provides a new set of financing tools for mine engineers to capitalize these projects today. Currently , there are two certification programs that have approved project protocols for CMM projects. The Voluntary Carbon Standard (VCS) offers a methodology approved under the Clean Development Mechanism, the international compliance based offset market under the Kyoto Protocol. The VCS protocol is applicable to projects that combust ventilation air methane (VAM) and methane extracted from pre-and post-mine drainage systems. The Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX), which operates a voluntary yet binding cap-and-trade market, also has an approved protocol for CMM projects. CCX's protocol can be applied to projects combusting VAM, and methane extracted from pre-and-post-mine drainage systems, as well as abandoned mines. The article describes two case studies - Developing a gob gas utilization project financed by carbon offset credits and First VAM oxidation system to be commissioned at an operating mine in the US. 1 tab., 4 photos.

Liebert, B. [Verdao Group (United States)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

COHOMOLOGIE GALOISIENNE DES CORPS VALU'ES DISCRETS HENSELIENS, d'apr`es K. Kato et S. Bloch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

* *orps valu'e discret hens'elien E de caract'eristique nulle et de caract'eristique r'esi* *duelle p

Colliot-Thelene, Jean-Louis

362

Property:GeothermalRegion | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Name GeothermalRegion Property Name GeothermalRegion Property Type Page Pages using the property "GeothermalRegion" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Abraham Hot Springs Geothermal Area + Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region + Adak Geothermal Area + Alaska Geothermal Region + Aidlin Geothermal Facility + Holocene Magmatic Geothermal Region + Akun Strait Geothermal Area + Alaska Geothermal Region + Akutan Fumaroles Geothermal Area + Alaska Geothermal Region + Akutan Geothermal Project + Alaska Geothermal Region + Alum Geothermal Area + Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region + Alum Geothermal Project + Walker-Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region + Alvord Hot Springs Geothermal Area + Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region +

363

Extreme Anomalous Atmospheric Circulation in the West Antarctic Peninsula Region in Austral Spring and Summer 2001/02, and Its Profound Impact on Sea Ice and Biota  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exceptional sea ice conditions occurred in the West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) region from September 2001 to February 2002, resulting from a strongly positive atmospheric pressure anomaly in the South Atlantic coupled with strong negative ...

Robert A. Massom; Sharon E. Stammerjohn; Raymond C. Smith; Michael J. Pook; Richard A. Iannuzzi; Neil Adams; Douglas G. Martinson; Maria Vernet; William R. Fraser; Langdon B. Quetin; Robin M. Ross; Yuko Massom; H. Roy Krouse

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Wall R-values that tell it like it is  

SciTech Connect

The R-value of a whole wall can be considerable lower than the R-value of the insulation that fills it. At DOE`s Buildings Technology Center, scientists have developed a system for measuring whole wall R-value and have already tested several wall systems. Topics covered include the following: how wall r-value is usually calculated; measuring whole-wall r-values; evaluating wall performance; a wall rating label; beyond r-value; r-value terminology. 1 fig., 1 tab.

Christian, J.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Kosny, J. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Finance, GHG inventory Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.wri.org/publication/carbon-value-analysis-tool Cost: Free Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) Screenshot References: CVAT[1] he Carbon Value Analysis Tool (CVAT) is a screening tool to help companies integrate the value of carbon dioxide emissions reductions into energy-related investment decisions. The tool has two main purposes: To test the sensitivity of a project's internal rate of return (IRR) to "carbon value" (the value of GHG emissions reductions). CVAT integrates this value into traditional financial analysis by ascribing a market price, either actual or projected, to carbon emissions reductions.

366

Seasonal, Regional, and Storm-Scale Variability of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Characteristics in Florida  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal, regional, and storm-scale variations of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning characteristics in Florida are presented. Strong positive CG (+CG) and negative CG (?CG) flashes (i.e., having large peak current) are emphasized since they often are ...

Scott D. Rudlosky; Henry E. Fuelberg

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Search for the Shape Resonance in the Negative Ion of Hydrogen in Astrophysical Plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the visible and near infrared, the photoabsorption spectrum of H - , the negative ion of hydrogen, is relatively featureless, with a threshold near 1644 nm and a broad maximum at about 840 nm. However, in the vacuum ultraviolet one finds, embedded in the continuum, a "resonance region" of doubly-excited, singlet P, H - states corresponding to electrons bound to excited hydrogen states. The most prominent of these resonances, the "shape resonance," is formed by an electron bound in a potential with three classical turning points formed by the first excited state of hydrogen. This short-lived state interferes, mostly constructively, with the continuum, to form an asymmetric Fano profile with a width of about 0.22 nm. The shape resonance peak cross section is about 810 -17 cm . Upon autodetachment the n=2 state is preferentially populated, in e#ect, pumping Lyman alpha emission. A nearby narrow, but distinctive, Feshbach resonance could enhance the absorption feature's visibility under certain conditions. In spite of the presumed role of this ion in stellar atmospheres, so far no clear signature for these resonances has been found in astrophysical phenomena.

Stanley Cohen; H. C. Bryant

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Theoretical Assessment of Uncertainty in Regional Averages due to Network Density and Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model simulations are performed over Russia for July and December 2005, 2006, and 2007 to create a “dataset” to assess the impact of network density and design on regional averages. Based on the values at ...

Debasish PaiMazumder; Nicole Mölders

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

A Diagnostic Analysis of a Long-Term Regional Air Pollutant Transport Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predicted concentrations from the Regional Air Pollutant Transport (RAPT) model are compared with the corresponding observed values of sulfate, and the results used to define strengths and weaknesses in the model formulation.

Daniel J. McNaughton; Carl M. Berkowitz; Robert C. Williams

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Tests of a Perturbed Physics Ensemble Approach for Regional Climate Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ensemble simulations were performed with the regional climate model RegCM2 using ranges of plausible values for two parameters in the deep convection scheme. The timescale for release of convective instability was varied through a range of five ...

Zhiwei Yang; Raymond W. Arritt

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

SEPARATION OF PLUTONIUM VALUES FROM OTHER METAL VALUES IN AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY SELECTIVE COMPLEXING AND ADSORPTION  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is given for separating tri- or tetravalent plutonium from fission products in an aqueous solution by complexing the fission products with oxalate, tannate, citrate, or tartrate anions at a pH value of at least 2.4 (preferably between 2.4 and 4), and contacting a cation exchange resin with the solution whereby the plutonium is adsorbed while the complexed fission products remain in solution.

Beaton, R.H.

1960-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

372

Greenhouse Gas Regional Inventory Protocol (GRIP) Website | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Regional Inventory Protocol (GRIP) Website Greenhouse Gas Regional Inventory Protocol (GRIP) Website Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Greenhouse Gas Regional Inventory Protocol (GRIP) Website Focus Area: Other Crosscutting Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: www.getagriponemissions.com/index-cycle.html Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/greenhouse-gas-regional-inventory-pro Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: "Lead by Example" is not in the list of possible values (Audit Programs, Demonstration & Implementation, Green Power/Voluntary RE Purchase, High Performance Buildings, Industry Codes & Standards, Project Development, Public Tenders, Procurement, & Lead Examples, Public-Private Partnerships, Retrofits, Ride Share, Bike Share, etc., Technical Assistance, Training & Education, Voluntary Appliance & Equipment Labeling, Voluntary Industry Agreements) for this property.

373

The Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP)  

SciTech Connect

This final report summarizes the Phase I research conducted by the Midwest regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP). The Phase I effort began in October 2003 and the project period ended on September 31, 2005. The MRCSP is a public/private partnership led by Battelle with the mission of identifying the technical, economic, and social issues associated with implementation of carbon sequestration technologies in its seven state geographic region (Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia) and identifying viable pathways for their deployment. It is one of seven partnerships that together span most of the U.S. and parts of Canada that comprise the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Regional Carbon Sequestration Program led by DOE's national Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The MRCSP Phase I research was carried out under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41981. The total value of Phase I was $3,513,513 of which the DOE share was $2,410,967 or 68.62%. The remainder of the cost share was provided in varying amounts by the rest of the 38 members of MRCSP's Phase I project. The next largest cost sharing participant to DOE in Phase I was the Ohio Coal Development Office within the Ohio Air Quality Development Authority (OCDO). OCDO's contribution was $100,000 and was contributed under Grant Agreement No. CDO/D-02-17. In this report, the MRCSP's research shows that the seven state MRCSP region is a major contributor to the U. S. economy and also to total emissions of CO2, the most significant of the greenhouse gases thought to contribute to global climate change. But, the research has also shown that the region has substantial resources for sequestering carbon, both in deep geological reservoirs (geological sequestration) and through improved agricultural and land management practices (terrestrial sequestration). Geological reservoirs, especially deep saline reservoirs, offer the potential to permanently store CO2 for literally 100s of years even if all the CO2 emissions from the region's large point sources were stored there, an unlikely scenario under any set of national carbon emission mitigation strategies. The terrestrial sequestration opportunities in the region have the biophysical potential to sequester up to 20% of annual emissions from the region's large point sources of CO2. This report describes the assumptions made and methods employed to arrive at the results leading to these conclusions. It also describes the results of analyses of regulatory issues in the region affecting the potential for deployment of sequestration technologies. Finally, it describes the public outreach and education efforts carried out in Phase I including the creation of a web site dedicated to the MRCSP at www.mrcsp.org.

James J. Dooley; Robert Dahowski; Casie Davidson

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Holocene Magmatic Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Holocene Magmatic Geothermal Region (Redirected from Holocene Magmatic) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Holocene Magmatic Geothermal Region Details...

375

Lake Region Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Region Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Lake Region Electric Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Eligibility Residential...

376

A Nonstationary Extreme Value Analysis for the Assessment of Changes in Extreme Annual Wind Speed over the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in the extreme annual wind speed in and around the Gulf of St. Lawrence (Canada) were investigated through a nonstationary extreme value analysis of the annual maximum 10-m wind speed obtained from the North American Regional Reanalysis (...

Y. Hundecha; A. St-Hilaire; T. B. M. J. Ouarda; S. El Adlouni; P. Gachon

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Urban and Regional Air Quality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

equipment equipment Urban and Regional Air Quality Research in this area is concerned with regional air quality issues such as: Controlling nitrogen oxides (NOx) and volatile organic compounds, to manage tropospheric ozone pollution. Hazardous air pollutants: using science to base standards on rigorously studied risks. Air quality and climate: how does climate influence air quality at a regional or local level? Current modeling practices often do not capture variations in pollutants such as ozone-they represent a limited sample of the diverse meteorology and human behavior that affect air pollution. Improved modeling of regional air quality will help understand variability, reveal patterns of behavior, and pollutant transport issues. Controlled experiments in lab and field can help validate improved models.

378

interconnect region | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

interconnect region interconnect region Dataset Summary Description Datasets are for the US electricity grid system interconnect regions (ASCC, FRCC, HICC, MRO, NPCC, RFC, SERC, SPP, TRE, WECC) for 2008. The data is provided in life cycle inventory (LCI) forms (both xls and xml). A module report and a detailed spreadsheet are also included. Source US Life Cycle Inventory Database Date Released May 01st, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords ASCC FRCC HICC interconnect region LCI life cycle inventory MRO NPCC RFC SERC SPP TRE unit process US utilities WECC Data application/zip icon interconnect_lci_datasets_2008.zip (zip, 6.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

379

Third Northeast Regional Operational Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Third Northeast Regional Operational Workshop, focusing on hydrometeorology in the northeastern United States, was held 6-7 November 2001 in Albany, New York. Sessions covered cold season events, warm season events, modeling,and operational ...

Eugene P. Auciello

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Performance of NMC's Regional Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper details the performance characteristics of the two regional dynamical models used at the National Meteorological Center to forecast for North America. Strengths and weaknesses of these models—the limited-area fine-mesh (LFM) model and ...

Norman W. Junker; James E. Hoke; Richard H. Grumm

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Regional Groundwater Evapotranspiration in Illinois  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of shallow unconfined aquifers in supplying water for evapotranspiration (i.e., groundwater evaporation) is investigated in this paper. Recent results from regional land surface modeling have indicated that in shallow water table areas, ...

Pat J-F. Yeh; J. S. Famiglietti

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Energy Star Building Upgrade Value Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Star Building Upgrade Value Calculator Energy Star Building Upgrade Value Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Star Building Upgrade Value Calculator (for Office Properties) Agency/Company /Organization: ENERGY STAR Phase: "Evaluate Options and Determine Feasibility" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property. User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=comm_real_estate.building_upgrade_value The Building Upgrade Value Calculator allows practitioners to analyze the

383

State and Regional Biomass Partnerships  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Northeast Regional Biomass Program successfully employed a three pronged approach to build the regional capacity, networks, and reliable information needed to advance biomass and bioenergy technologies and markets. The approach included support for state-based, multi-agency biomass working groups; direct technical assistance to states and private developers; and extensive networking and partnership-building activities to share objective information and best practices.

Handley, Rick; Stubbs, Anne D.

2008-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

384

Barriers to knowledge sharing and stakeholder alignment in solar energy clusters: Learning from other sectors and regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regional and national policy makers have invested heavily in the cluster concept as a means of generating value for regions, particularly through the opportunities it may present for small regional enterprises as vehicles for growth and job creation. ... Keywords: Alignment, Barriers, Collaboration, Communication infrastructure, Knowledge sharing, Policy, Qualitative research, Socio-technical, Solar cluster

Gudrun Jaegersberg; Jenny Ure

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

METHOD OF SEPARATING TETRAVALENT PLUTONIUM VALUES FROM CERIUM SUB-GROUP RARE EARTH VALUES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is presented for separating plutonium from the cerium sub-group of rare earths when both are present in an aqueous solution. The method consists in adding an excess of alkali metal carbonate to the solution, which causes the formation of a soluble plutonium carbonate precipitate and at the same time forms an insoluble cerium-group rare earth carbonate. The pH value must be adjusted to bctween 5.5 and 7.5, and prior to the precipitation step the plutonium must be reduced to the tetravalent state since only tetravalent plutonium will form the soluble carbonate complex.

Duffield, R.B.; Stoughton, R.W.

1959-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Category theoretic aspects of chain-valued frames: Part II: Applications to lattice-valued topology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is Part II of a two-part series dealing with category theoretic aspects of chain-valued frames. Using the categorical properties established for L-Frm in Part I for L a complete chain, this paper constructs ''upper'' free functor L and ''lower'' ... Keywords: Factorization structures, Anti-stratified/stratified spaces, Characteristic/Martin/stratification functors, Cocompleteness, Completeness, Image/preimage operators, Iota/omega functors, L-Frm, L-Loc, L-Top, L-frames, L-topological spaces, Spectrum functors, Universal/co-universal spaces, Upper/lower forgetful functors, Upper/lower free functors

A. Pultr; S. E. Rodabaugh

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

TURBULENT CONVECTION MODEL IN THE OVERSHOOTING REGION. II. THEORETICAL ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

Turbulent convection models (TCMs) are thought to be good tools to deal with the convective overshooting in the stellar interior. However, they are too complex to be applied to calculations of stellar structure and evolution. In order to understand the physical processes of the convective overshooting and to simplify the application of TCMs, a semi-analytic solution is necessary. We obtain the approximate solution and asymptotic solution of the TCM in the overshooting region, and find some important properties of the convective overshooting. (1) The overshooting region can be partitioned into three parts: a thin region just outside the convective boundary with high efficiency of turbulent heat transfer, a power-law dissipation region of turbulent kinetic energy in the middle, and a thermal dissipation area with rapidly decreasing turbulent kinetic energy. The decaying indices of the turbulent correlations k, u{sub r}'T'-bar, and T'T'-bar are only determined by the parameters of the TCM, and there is an equilibrium value of the anisotropic degree {omega}. (2) The overshooting length of the turbulent heat flux u{sub r}'T'-bar is about 1H{sub k} (H{sub k} = |dr/dln k|). (3) The value of the turbulent kinetic energy at the convective boundary k{sub C} can be estimated by a method called the maximum of diffusion. Turbulent correlations in the overshooting region can be estimated by using k{sub C} and exponentially decreasing functions with the decaying indices.

Zhang, Q. S.; Li, Y., E-mail: zqs@ynao.ac.cn, E-mail: ly@ynao.ac.cn [National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 110, Kunming 650011 (China)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Regional  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 AÇORIANO ORIENTAL SEGUNDA-FEIRA, 5 DE MARÇO DE 2012 PUB Da Graciosa para a Índia graças à estação atmosférica Carlos está atualmente a trabalhar na estação atmosférica móvel instalada na Índia, a dois mil metros de altitude Estar no lugar certo na hora cer- ta pode mudar radicalmente a vida de uma pessoa. Foi isso que aconteceu ao graciosense Carlos Sousa, de 41 anos, que começou por ser trabalhador daconstrução civil antes de emigrar para os Es- tados Unidos da América. No regresso à sua ilha, foi ain- Começou na construção e foi emigrante nos EUA. Hoje trabalha com equipamento de ponta no estudo do clima RUI JORGE CABRAL rcabral@acorianooriental.pt da gerente de um restaurante e, graças aum encontro improvável, é hoje técnico das Estações de Me- dição da Radiação Atmosférica que os americanos têm espalha- das pelo mundo para estudar as alterações

389

Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 What is the impact of bioenergy deployment on land use and associated emissions? We have examined the interplay between bioenergy and indirect landuse emissions in the context of climate stabilization in a recent

Presented Allison Thomson; Marshall Wise; Kate Calvin; Allison Thomson; Leon Clarke; Ben Bond; Ron S; Steve Smith; Tony Janetos; Jae Edmonds; Global Regions

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Template:LabelValuePair | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LabelValuePair LabelValuePair Jump to: navigation, search This is the 'LabelValuePair' template. It is typically used to display the results of an ask or sparql query in a simple label: value format. It is used by many pages, including the sub pages for country profiles, and is most frequently called as the template parameter in a query returned as format=template. For more help on this, see Extension:SparqlExtension, Template Help. Parameters label - The label, property or predicate of the query. value - The value or object specified in the query. Usage It should be called in the following format: {{#sparql SELECT ... |format=template |template=LabelValuePair |.. }} Edit the page to see the template text. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Template:LabelValuePair&oldid=37488

391

Budget Cutting and the Value of Weather Services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors discuss the relationship between budget-cutting exercises and knowledge of the value of weather services. The complex interaction between quality (accuracy) and value of weather forecasts prevents theoretical approaches from ...

Charles A. Doswell III; Harold E. Brooks

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Circleville, Ohio Solar Plant Shows Value of Clean Energy Tax...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Circleville, Ohio Solar Plant Shows Value of Clean Energy Tax Credits Circleville, Ohio Solar Plant Shows Value of Clean Energy Tax Credits May 22, 2012 - 5:03pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA...

393

Business Case Slide 20: High-Value: Generic - 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Value: Generic - 1 Potential Benefits EM Revenues: high-value applications can afford to pay more than a nominal amount for DU Positive program visibility: "swords to...

394

California Imputed Wellhead Value of Marketed Production (Cost...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Imputed Wellhead Value of Marketed Production (Cost) California Imputed Wellhead Value of Marketed Production (Cost) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

395

Tailoring the prototyping process to achieve customer value  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main objective for prototyping is to get the most value out of the opportunity. Value may take the form of information, performance, displaying production readiness or proving capability for the amount of resources ...

Jordan, Brian Lane

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

New Mexico Imputed Wellhead Value of Marketed Production (Cost...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Imputed Wellhead Value of Marketed Production (Cost) New Mexico Imputed Wellhead Value of Marketed Production (Cost) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

397

Seismic Regionalization In Northeast Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an effort to characterize seismicity in support of nuclear explosion monitoring for the continental regions of northeast Russia, we have been analyzing information obtained from regional seismic network operators. Our goal is to merge catalog, bulletin, waveform, and other ground truth data from several regional networks into a comprehensive data set that we will use for various seismic research projects. To date we have compiled a bulletin from published and unpublished event data of about 200,000 events and over 150,000 arrival times. We have also determined that the Russian regional network catalogs are contaminated with mining-explosion events. Hence, one of our primary efforts is to identify mining events when possible and move them into a separate bulletin from the natural earthquakes. We have extended our preliminary analysis of explosion contamination of Russian seismicity catalogs using temporal analysis into the Irkutsk and Chita districts and the Buryat Republic. Based on analysis of epicenters and origin times reported in Material po Seismichnost' Sibiri for 1970 -- 1993, it is likely that considerable explosion contamination occurs in the gold (Bodaibo, northern Irkutsk Region, and in the Chita region), mica (Vitim, northern Irkutsk Region), and other mining areas (Bushulei, Nerchinsk, and Petrovsk in the Buryat and Chita areas). Explosion contamination is also observed in northernmost Mongolia in the mining and industrial district near Darkhan. Explosions associated with the construction of the Baikal-Amur Mainline Railroad are likely, as was observed in the Amur district; however, the amount of natural seismicity dominates the activity and makes it impossible to resolve the railroad separately. In conjunction with the Magadan Seismic Network operators,...

Kevin Mackey Kazuya; Kazuya Fujita; Lee K. Steck; Hans E. Hartse

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Regional Transmission Projects: Finding Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Keystone Center convened and facilitated a year-long Dialogue on "Regional Transmission Projects: Finding Solutions" to develop recommendations that will help address the difficult and contentious issues related to expansions of regional electric transmission systems that are needed for reliable and economic transmission of power within and across regions. This effort brought together a cross-section of affected stakeholders and thought leaders to address the problem with the collective wisdom of their experience and interests. Transmission owners sat at the table with consumer advocates and environmental organizations. Representatives from regional transmission organizations exchanged ideas with state and federal regulators. Generation developers explored common interests with public power suppliers. Together, the Dialogue participants developed consensus solutions about how to begin unraveling some of the more intractable issues surrounding identification of need, allocation of costs, and reaching consensus on siting issues that can frustrate the development of regional transmission infrastructure. The recommendations fall into three broad categories: 1. Recommendations on appropriate institutional arrangements and processes for achieving regional consensus on the need for new or expanded transmission infrastructure 2. Recommendations on the process for siting of transmission lines 3. Recommendations on the tools needed to support regional planning, cost allocation, and siting efforts. List of Dialogue participants: List of Dialogue Participants: American Electric Power American Transmission Company American Wind Energy Association California ISO Calpine Corporation Cinergy Edison Electric Institute Environmental Defense Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Great River Energy International Transmission Company ISO-New England Iowa Public Utility Board Kanner & Associates Midwest ISO National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates National Grid Northeast Utilities PA Office of Consumer Advocates Pacific Gas & Electric Corporation Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission PJM Interconnection The Electricity Consumers Resource Council U.S. Department of Energy US Department of the Interior Van Ness Feldman Western Interstate Energy Board Wind on the Wires Wisconsin Public Service Commission Xcel Energy

The Keystone Center

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

RECOVERY AND SEPARATION OF LITHIUM VALUES FROM SALVAGE SOLUTIONS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Lithium values can be recovered from an aqueous basic solution by reacting the values with a phosphate salt soluble in the solution, forming an aqueous slurry of the resultant aqueous insoluble lithium phosphate, contacting the slurry with an organic cation exchange resin in the acid form until the slurry has been clarified, and thereafter recovering lithium values from the resin. (AEC)

Hansford, D.L.; Raabe, E.W.

1963-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

400

Should specific values be embedded in the internet architecture?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fundamental disagreement in the Future Internet debate concerns architecture design and value. Should an architecture incorporate inherent values that have been widely accepted through societal debate or be adaptable once deployed to a wider range ... Keywords: architecture, control points, value set

Ian Brown; David D. Clark; Dirk Trossen

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A value-based review process for prioritizing artifacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a new contribution to Value-based V&V process development, a systematic and multi-criteria process is proposed to quantitatively determine the Value-based V&V artifact priority that reviewers can follow for their reviews. This process enables ... Keywords: review, validation, value-based software engineering, verification

Qi Li; Barry Boehm; Ye Yang; Qing Wang

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Interweaving algebra and topology: Lattice-valued topological systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is primarily dedicated to understanding the natural role that topological systems and lattice-valued topological systems play in understanding the relationship between algebra and topology, a relationship expressed by an ''interweaving'' of ... Keywords: Adjunctions, Essentially algebraic categories, Lattice-valued topological spaces, Lattice-valued topological systems, Topological categories, Topological spaces, Topological systems

Jeffrey T. Denniston; Austin Melton; Stephen E. Rodabaugh

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

A multi-region nonlinear age-size structured fish population model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this paper is to present a generic multi-region nonlinear age-size structured fish population model, and to assess its mathematical well-posedness. An initial-boundary-value problem is formulated. Existence and uniqueness of a positive weak solution is proved. Eventually, a comparison result is derived: the population of all regions decreases as the mortality rate increases in at least one region.

Faugeras, Blaise

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Error Exponent Region for Gaussian  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction We introduce the notion of error exponent region (EER) for a multi-user channel. This region specifies the set of errorexponent vectors, which are simultaneously achievable by all users in the multi-user channel [1]. In this work, we derive an inner bound (achievable region) and an outer bound for the error exponent region of a Gaussian multiple access channel (GMAC). II. Formulation and Main Result An error exponent region for a multi-user channel depends on the channel operating (rate) point. For a two-user channel, we use the notation EER(R1 , R2 ) to denote the EER when the channel is operated at rate pair (R1 , R2 ). Consider a GMAC Y = X1 +X2 + Z, (1) where X1 and X2 are the channel inputs for user 1 and user 2 with E(X 1 ) = SNR1 , E(X 2 ) = SNR2 , and Z is white Gaussian noise with unit variance. Denote E(R,SNR) the maximum of random coding exponent and expurgated exponent of a single-user Gaussian channel. Our main result follow. Theorem 1: For a two-user GM

Multiple Access Channels; Lihua Weng; Achilleas Anastasopoulos; Eep Pradhan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Revised estimates of electron absorbed fractions and radionuclide S-values in trabecular bone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The field of nuclear medicine has reached advanced stages in the use of radiopharmaceuticals for the treatment and diagnosis of innumerable maladies. However, along with the use of nuclear medicine come responsibilities inherently associated with the use of radioactive material. It is necessary to be able to calculate doses in the trabecular bone region accurately and consistently. The accurate assessment of patient dose will allow physicians to better predict the amounts of radioactivity needed for specific diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Additionally, improved calculational techniques for bone dosimetry will decrease the likelihood of overadministrations and will allow for reliable predictions of side-effects to patients. The dosimetry of this region is therefore a very important, and unfortunately complicated, area associated with the field of nuclear medicine. A new dosimetric trabecular bone model has been developed and incorporated into a Monte Carlo radiation transport code to determine electron absorbed fractions in red bone marrow and the endosteal tissue which is contained in trabecular bone. The model is based on measured omnidirectional chord length distributions through trabeculae and marrow cavities in nine skeletal locations. Absorbed fractions were calculated for the two target regions, and then estimated from these results for all other skeletal regions thought to contain red marrow. These absorbed fractions were then used to calculate S-values for a variety of beta-emitting radionuclides at each of 15 skeletal locations thought to contain red bone marrow. Absorbed fractions and S-values were calculated for sources in the marrow, on the bone surface, and in the bone volume. Comparisons were made between the new absorbed fractions and those published in ICRP Publication 30, as well as between the new S-values and those determined from the MIRDOSE2 software.

Parry, Robert Alan

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Dust negative ion acoustic shock waves considering dust size distribution effect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multi-ion dusty plasma containing hot isothermal electrons, ions (light positive ions and heavy negative ions), and extremely and negatively charged dust grains is studied in the present paper. The dust negative ion acoustic shock waves have been investigated by employing the reductive perturbation method. How the dust size distribution affects the height and the thickness of the nonlinear shock wave is studied. It is noted that the different dust size distribution has different shock wave form and different moving speed.

Ma Yirong; Wang Canglong; Zhang Jianrong; Sun Jianan; Duan Wenshan [College of Physics and Electronic Engineering and Joint Laboratory of Atomic and Molecular Physics of NWNU and IMP CAS, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China and Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Yang Lei [College of Physics and Electronic Engineering and Joint Laboratory of Atomic and Molecular Physics of NWNU and IMP CAS, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070 (China) and Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Department of Physics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

407

Effect of fast positive ions incident on caesiated plasma grid of negative ion source  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the effect on negative ion formation on a caesiated surface of the backscattering of positive ions approaching it with energy of a few tens of eV. For a positive ion energy of 45 eV, the surface produced negative ion current density due to these fast positive ions is 12 times larger than that due to thermal atoms, thus dominating the negative ion surface production instead of the thermal atoms, as considered until now.

Bacal, M. [LPP, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, UPMC, Universite PARIS-SUD 11, UMR CNRS 7648 (France)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

408

US dollar quantification of the Western Hemisphere gasoline market: US dollar value of gasoline consumption, 1994 United States, Canada, Latin America, and total Western Hemisphere ex-tax, tax, and combined dollar value  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While each individual nation`s gasoline market -- as to number of gallons, and the market value of those gallons -- is directly significant only to that nation, this report treats the Western Hemisphere gasoline markets in a regional manner. The Western Hemisphere gasoline markets currently amounts to nearly US $206 billion per year.

NONE

1995-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

409

Method for selectively reducing plutonium values by a photochemical process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The rate of reduction of Pu(IV) to Pu(III) in nitric acid solution containing a reducing agent is enhanced by exposing the solution to 200-500 nm electromagnetic radiation. Pu values are recovered from an organic extractant solution containing Pu(IV) values and U(VI) values by the method of contacting the extractant solution with an aqueous nitric acid solution in the presence of a reducing agent and exposing the aqueous solution to electromagnetic radiation having a wavelength of 200-500 nm. Under these conditions, Pu values preferentially distribute to the aqueous phase and U values preferentially distribute to the organic phase.

Friedman, Horace A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Toth, Louis M. (Oak Ridge, TN); Bell, Jimmy T. (Kingston, TN)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Valuing modularity Choice of nuclear power investments under price uncertainty: Valuing modularity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: We consider the choice problem faced by a firm in the electricity sector which holds two investment projects. The first project is an irreversible investment in a large nuclear power plant. The second project consists in building a flexible sequence of smaller, modular, nuclear power plants on the same site. In other words, we compare the benefit of the large power plant project coming from increasing returns to scale, to the benefit of the modular project due to its reduced risk (flexibility). We use the theory of real options to measure the value of the option to invest in the successive modules, under price uncertainty. From this theory, it is well-known that risk-neutral entrepreneurs will decide to invest only if the market price of electricity exceeds the cost of electricity by a positive margin which is an increasing function of the market risk. In particular, this margin is larger for the irreversible investment than for the modular project. This is because the investment process in the modular project can be interrupted at any time when the market conditions deteriorate, thereby limiting the potential loss of the investor. We consider in particular an environment where the discount rate is 8 % and volatility of the market price of electricity equals 20 % per year. The modular project consists in four units of 300 MWe each, and in which 40 % of the total overnight cost is borne by the first module. We show that the benefit of modularity is equivalent in terms of profitability to a reduction of the cost of electricity by one-thousand of a euro per kWh.- 2-Valuing modularity

Christian Gollier; David Proult; Françoise Thais; Gilles Walgenwitz

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Negative Equity Does Not Reduce Homeowners’ Mobility,” Working Paper 682, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some commentators have argued that the housing crisis may harm labor markets because homeowners who owe more than their homes are worth are less likely to move to places that have productive job opportunities. I show that, in the available data, negative equity does not make homeowners less mobile. In fact, homeowners who have negative equity are slightly more likely to move than homeowners who have positive equity. Ferreira, Gyourko, and Tracy’s (2010) contrasting result that negative equity reduces mobility arises because they systematically drop some negative-equity homeowners ’ moves from the data.

Sam Schulhofer-wohl; Schulhofer-wohl Federal; Reserve Bank Minneapolis; I Andra Ghent

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

COMBATING THE NEGATIVE IMAGE OF THE CITY USING MARKETING: THE CASE FOR GARY, INDIANA.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Cities, like brands, have images associated with them. Many cities suffer from negative images, and a myriad of issues can contribute to their poor image.… (more)

BONANNO, ANTHONY T

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

mountain region | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

mountain region mountain region Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 8, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses quadrillion btu. The data is broken down into residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Energy Consumption mountain region Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - Mountain- Reference Case (xls, 297.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

414

Northeast Regional Biomass Energy Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Northeast Regional Biomass Program (NRBP) is entering its ninth year of operation. The management and the objectives have virtually remained unchanged and are stated as follows. The program conducted by NRBP has three basic features: (1) a state grant component that provides funds (with a 50 percent matching requirement) to each of the states in the region to strengthen and integrate the work of state agencies involved in biomass energy; (2) a series of technical reports and studies in areas that have been identified as being of critical importance to the development of biomass energy in the region; and (3) a continuous long range planning component with heavy private sector involvement that helps to identify activities necessary to spur greater development and use of biomass energy in the Northeast.

O'Connell, R.A.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Northeast Regional Biomass Energy Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Northeast Regional Biomass Program (NRBP) is entering its ninth year of operation. The management and the objectives have virtually remained unchanged and are stated as follows. The program conducted by NRBP has three basic features: (1) a state grant component that provides funds (with a 50 percent matching requirement) to each of the states in the region to strengthen and integrate the work of state agencies involved in biomass energy; (2) a series of technical reports and studies in areas that have been identified as being of critical importance to the development of biomass energy in the region; and (3) a continuous long range planning component with heavy private sector involvement that helps to identify activities necessary to spur greater development and use of biomass energy in the Northeast.

O'Connell, R.A.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Dynamic interactions between electricity prices and the regional economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we study characterize the dynamic relationships among two electricity price variables (residential and commercial) and six regional economic variables in order to examine each individual variable??s role in regional economic activity. We also answer the question ??Do electricity prices have impact on regional economic variables??? We use two statistical techniques as engines of analysis. First, we use directed acyclic graphs to discover how surprises (innovations) in prices from each variable are communicated to other variables in contemporaneous time. Second, we use time series methods to capture regularities in time lags among the series. Yearly time series data on two electricity prices and six regional economic variables for Montgomery County (Texas) are studied using time series methods. Directed Acyclic Graphs (DAGs) are used to impose restrictions on the Vector Auto Regression model (VAR). Using Innovation Accounting Analysis of the estimated Vector Auto Regression (VAR) model we unravel the dynamic relationships between the eight variables. We conclude that rising electricity prices have a negative impact on allregional economic variables. The commercial average electricity prices lead residential average electricity prices in the time frame we studied (1969-2000). Rising residential electricity prices also have a positive impact on income derived from transfer payments.

Bethapudi, Daniel Naveen

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Getting the Best Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts on AddThis.com...

418

Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Sequestration Partnership Presented to: Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Annual Review Meeting Development Phase Field Tests Pittsburgh, PA October 5, 2010 Presented by: Gerald R. Hill, Ph.D. Senior Technical Advisor Southern States Energy Board Acknowledgements  This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory.  Cost share and research support provided by SECARB/SSEB Carbon Management Partners Through innovations in energy and environmental policies, programs and technologies, the Southern States Energy Board enhances economic development and the quality of life in the South. - SSEB Mission Statement SSEB Carbon Management Program  Established 2003  Characterizing Southeast Region

419

" Level: National Data and Regional Totals;"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2006; " 6 Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2006; " " Level: National Data and Regional Totals;" " Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;" " Column: Energy Sources;" " Unit: Million Kilowatthours." ,,"Electricity Receipts",,,"Alternative Energy Sources(b)" ,,,,,,,,,,"Coal Coke" "NAICS"," ","Total"," ","Not","Natural","Distillate","Residual",,,"and" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Receipts(c)","Switchable","Switchable","Gas","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil","Coal","LPG","Breeze","Other(d)"," "

420

Examining the Spatial Distribution of Externalities: Freight Rail Traffic and Home Values in Los Angeles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper measures the impact of infrastructure expansion on local home values and examines the persistence of that impact over distance. Specifically, I exploit a natural experiment in which rail traffic from the Los Angeles seaport, one of the busiest in the country, was permanently redirected from several tracks to a central line, termed the Alameda Corridor. I link a rich, repeat-sale housing dataset to plausibly exogenous changes in local rail traffic to estimate these effects, controlling for local price trends using a Case-Shiller style housing index. Using the actual traffic changes the result is an estimated $3500 decrease in average home value where traffic increased and a $1300 increase in average home value where rail traffic was reduced. The welfare impact of concentrating a negative externality on a smaller population should depend on the convexity of the cost function, but I find evidence that suggests the marginal cost is symmetric for winners and losers. Instead, the total welfare impact hinges on the efficiency gains achieved by relocating the traffic from circuitous routes to the more direct Alameda Corridor, thereby affecting fewer homeowners. While the net gains are minimal, the re-routing of traffic resulted in a transfer of housing wealth of approximately $200 million.

Michael Futch

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Stability estimates for an inverse problem for the Schr\\"odinger equation at negative energy in two dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the inverse problem of determining a real-valued potential in the two-dimensional Schr\\"odinger equation at negative energy from the Dirichlet-to-Neumann map. It is known that the problem is ill-posed and a stability estimate of logarithmic type holds. In this paper we prove three new stability estimates. The main feature of the first one is that the stability increases exponentially with respect to the smoothness of the potential, in a sense to be made precise. The others show how the first estimate depends on the energy, for low and high energies (in modulus). In particular it is found that for high energies the stability estimate changes, in some sense, from logarithmic type to Lipschitz type: in this sense the ill-posedness of the problem decreases when increasing the energy (in modulus).

Santacesaria, Matteo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

PHYSICS AND CONTROL OF ELMING H-MODE NEGATIVE CENTRAL SHEAR ADVANCED TOKAMAK SCENARIO BASED ON EXPERIMENTAL PROFILES FOR ITER  

SciTech Connect

A271 PHYSICS AND CONTROL OF ELMING H-MODE NEGATIVE CENTRAL SHEAR ADVANCED TOKAMAK SCENARIO BASED ON EXPERIMENTAL PROFILES FOR ITER. Key DIII-D AT experimental and modeling results are applied to examine the physics and control issues for ITER to operate in a negative central shear (NCS) AT scenario. The effects of a finite edge pressure pedestal and current density are included based on the DIII-D experimental profiles. Ideal and resistive stability analyses indicate that feedback control of resistive wall modes by rotational drive or flux conserving intelligent coils is crucial for these AT configurations to operate at attractive {beta}{sub N} values in the range of 3.0-3.5. Vertical stability and halo current analyses show that reliable disruption mitigation is essential and mitigation control using an impurity gas can significantly reduce the local mechanical stress to an acceptable level. Core transport and turbulence analyses demonstrate that control of the rotational shear profile is essential to maintain the good confinement necessary for high {beta}. Consideration of edge stability and core transport suggests that a sufficiently wide pedestal is necessary for the projected fusion performance. Heat flux analyses indicate that with core-only radiation enhancement the outboard peak divertor heat load is near the design limit of 10 MW/m{sup 2}

LAO,LL; CHAN,VS; EVANS,TE; HUMPHREYS,DA; LEUER,JA; MAHDAVI,MA; PETRIE,TW; SNYDER,PB; STJOHN,HE; STAEBLER,GM; STAMBAUGH,RD; TAYLOR,TS; TURNBULL,AD; WEST,WP; BRENNAN,DP

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Achievable Rate Region of Quantized Broadcast and MAC Channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the achievable rate region of Gaussian multiuser channels with the messages transmitted being from finite input alphabets and the outputs being {\\em quantized at the receiver}. In particular, we focus on the achievable rate region of $i)$ Gaussian broadcast channel (GBC) and $ii)$ Gaussian multiple access channel (GMAC). First, we study the achievable rate region of two-user GBC when the messages to be transmitted to both the users take values from finite signal sets and the received signal is quantized at both the users. We refer to this channel as {\\em quantized broadcast channel (QBC)}. We observe that the capacity region defined for a GBC does not carry over as such to QBC. We show that the optimal decoding scheme for GBC (i.e., high SNR user doing successive decoding and low SNR user decoding its message alone) is not optimal for QBC. We then propose an achievable rate region for QBC based on two different schemes. We present achievable rate region results for the case of uniform ...

Chandrasekaran, Suresh; Chockalingam, A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Web Service Composition Through Declarative Queries: The Case of Conjunctive Queries with Union and Negation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A web service operation can be seen as a function op: X1,...,Xn ? Y1,...,Ym having an input message (request) with n arguments (parts), and an output message (response) with m parts [4, Section 2.2]. For example, opB: Author ?{(ISBN, Title)} may implement a books search service, returning for a given author A a list of books authored by A. We propose to model such operations as relations with access pattern, here: B oio (ISBN, Author, Title), where ‘oio ’ indicates that a value for the second attribute must be given as input, while the other attribute values can be retrieved as output. In this way, a family of web service operations over k attributes can be concisely described as a relation R(A1,...,Ak) with an associated set of access patterns P?{i, o} k. Since we model web services as relations with access patterns, we can now use queries as a declarative specifications for web service composition: e.g., the query Q(I, A, T) ? ? B(I, A, T),C(I,A), ¬L(I) asks for books available through a store B which are contained in a catalog C, but not in the local library L. Let the only access patterns be B ioo, B oio, C oo, and L o. If we try to execute Q from left to right, neither pattern for B works since we either lack an ISBN I or an author A. However, Q is feasible since we can execute it by first calling C(I,A) which binds both I and A; after that, calling B ioo (or B oio) will work. Calling ¬L(I) first and then B does not work: a negated call can only filter out answers, but cannot produce any new variable bindings. 2. Formal Results We study the problem of deciding whether a query Q is feasible, i.e., whether there exists a logically equivalent query Q ? that can be executed observing the limited access patterns given by the web service (source) relations. Executability depends on the specific syntactic form of a query, while feasibility is a more “robust ” semantic notion, in-

Bertram Ludäscher; Alan Nash

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Regional Clean Air Incentives Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

purposes in order to provide comprehensive current information about RECLAIM based on publicly available reports and analyses. This document does not constitute official EPA policy or opinion on the RECLAIM program. The Agency has previously performed an extensive evaluation of RECLAIM, led by EPA’s Region IX (serving the Pacific Southwest). That evaluation was published in November 2002, and is available at

Which Includes Los Angeles; Orange Counties

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

REGIONAL WATER SUPPLY PLANNING AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

accepted standards, which is an important planning aspect for water supply agencies. Yeh et al. (2000CHAPTER 3 REGIONAL WATER SUPPLY PLANNING AND CAPACITY EXPANSION MODELS Messele Z. Ejeta California Department of Water Resources Sacramento, California Larry W. Mays Department of Civil and Environmental

Mays, Larry W.

427

Geographic Regions of the Himalayas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, for grazing, returning to the Vale during the winter months when they subsist on feed. Pastoral activity supplies the raw wool which provides the basis for the important woolen industry. Culturally the Vale is a region where the Afghan-Iranian and Indian...

Karan, Pradyumna P.

1966-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

428

Mr. W. Librirzi Regional Superfund Office EPA Region II  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

* * , AP)J2 p" H-l2 &,q qp@- Department of Energy Washington, D .C. 20545 DEC. 20 1984 Mr. W. Librirzi Regional Superfund Office EPA Region II 4th Floor 26 Federal Plaza New York, New York 10278 Dear Mr. Librizzi: The Department of Energy (DOE) has completed two radiological surveys at the former Simonds Saw & Steel Company site (presently owned by the Guterl Steel Corporation), Lockport, New York (Enclosures 1 and 2). These surveys indicated that the levels of residual radioactive material and associated radiation levels at the site are in excess of those used by DOE to determine if a site requires remedial action. However, the data did not indicate that, under the current use of the site, there was any hazard to the workers or the general public. On February 21, 1980, the State of New

429

False negative rate and other performance measures of a sponge-wipe surface sampling method for low contaminant concentrations.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recovery of spores from environmental surfaces is known to vary due to sampling methodology, techniques, spore size and characteristics, surface materials, and environmental conditions. A series of tests were performed to evaluate a new, validated sponge-wipe method. Specific factors evaluated were the effects of contaminant concentrations and surface materials on recovery efficiency (RE), false negative rate (FNR), limit of detection (LOD) - and the uncertainties of these quantities. Ceramic tile and stainless steel had the highest mean RE values (48.9 and 48.1%, respectively). Faux leather, vinyl tile, and painted wood had mean RE values of 30.3, 25.6, and 25.5, respectively, while plastic had the lowest mean RE (9.8%). Results show a roughly linear dependence of surface roughness on RE, where the smoothest surfaces have the highest mean RE values. REs were not influenced by the low spore concentrations tested (3 x 10{sup -3} to 1.86 CFU/cm{sup 2}). The FNR data were consistent with RE data, showing a trend of smoother surfaces resulting in higher REs and lower FNRs. Stainless steel generally had the lowest mean FNR (0.123) and plastic had the highest mean FNR (0.479). The LOD{sub 90} varied with surface material, from 0.015 CFU/cm{sup 2} on stainless steel up to 0.039 on plastic. Selecting sampling locations on the basis of surface roughness and using roughness to interpret spore recovery data can improve sampling. Further, FNR values, calculated as a function of concentration and surface material, can be used pre-sampling to calculate the numbers of samples for statistical sampling plans with desired performance, and post-sampling to calculate the confidence in characterization and clearance decisions.

Einfeld, Wayne; Krauter, Paula A.; Boucher, Raymond M.; Tezak, Mathew; Amidan, Brett G. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA); Piepel, Greg F. (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Electron beam lithography at 10keV using an epoxy based high resolution negative resist  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The behaviour of a new epoxy based resist (mr-EBL 6000.1 XP) as a negative resist for e-beam lithography is presented. We demonstrate that it is possible to define sub-100nm patterns when irradiating thin (120nm) layers of resist with a 10keV electron ... Keywords: EBL, Nanopatterning, Negative resist, Polymer technology

C. Martin; G. Rius; A. Llobera; A. Voigt; G. Gruetzner; F. Pérez-Murano

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

We are not equally negative: fine-grained labeling for multimedia event detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multimedia event detection (MED) is an effective technique for video indexing and retrieval. Current classifier training for MED treats the negative videos equally. However, many negative videos may resemble the positive videos in different degrees. ... Keywords: attribute representation, attribute selection, fine-grained labeling, multi-source attributes, multimedia event detection (MED)

Zhigang Ma; Yi Yang; Zhongwen Xu; Nicu Sebe; Alexander G. Hauptmann

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Wormholes, Gamma Ray Bursts and the Amount of Negative Mass in the Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this essay, we assume that negative mass objects can exist in the extragalactic space and analyze the consequences of their microlensing on light from distant Active Galactic Nuclei. We find that such events have very similar features to some observed Gamma Ray Bursts and use recent satellite data to set an upper bound to the amount of negative mass in the universe.

Diego F. Torres; Gustavo E. Romero; Luis A. Anchordoqui

1998-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

433

On estimation and influence diagnostics for zero-inflated negative binomial regression models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The zero-inflated negative binomial model is used to account for overdispersion detected in data that are initially analyzed under the zero-inflated Poisson model. A frequentist analysis, a jackknife estimator and a non-parametric bootstrap for parameter ... Keywords: Bootstrap, EM algorithm, Global influence, Local influence, Negative binomial distribution, Zero-inflated models

Aldo M. Garay; Elizabeth M. Hashimoto; Edwin M. M. Ortega; Víctor H. Lachos

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Estimation of the shape parameter k of the negative binomial distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using approximate Bayesian methods, an estimator of the shape parameter of the negative binomial distribution is introduced. Most of the available estimators of this parameter, such as the method of moment and the maximum likelihood estimators (MME and ... Keywords: Bayes-like estimator, maximum likelihood estimator, method of moments estimator, negative binomial distribution

Mohammad F. Al-Saleh; Fatima K. Al-Batainah

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Construction R-value Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Construction R-value Calculator Construction R-value Calculator This online calculator calculates the R-value of a large number of common wall and roof constructions given a specified level of insulation. It uses the isothermal planes method to account for thermal bridging of framing material. Keywords R-value, thermal bridging Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required Basic understanding of construction details is required. Users Approximately 15,000 web hits per month, mainly from New Zealand. Audience Designers and architects, researchers, officials dealing with building regulations Input The user selects the appropriate wall and roof design details from a number of drop-down boxes and enters the R-value of the installed insulation product. Output The program displays the R-value achieved by the wall or roof construction

436

Missouri Value-Added Grant Program (Missouri) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Value-Added Grant Program (Missouri) Value-Added Grant Program (Missouri) Missouri Value-Added Grant Program (Missouri) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Retail Supplier Systems Integrator Transportation Utility Program Info State Missouri Program Type Grant Program Provider Missouri Department of Agriculture The Missouri Value-Added Grant Program provides grants for projects that add value to Missouri agricultural products and aid the economy of a rural community. Grant applications will be considered for value-added agricultural business concepts that: (a) Lead to and result in development, processing and marketing of new or expanded uses or technologies for agricultural products; and (b) Foster agricultural economic development in Missouri's rural communities. Applications will be considered for

437

Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Start Date 10/01/2012 State Texas Austin Energy, the municipal utility of Austin Texas, offers the Value of Solar rate for residential solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. The Value of Solar tariff, designed by Austin Energy and approved by Austin City Council in June 2012, will be available for all past, present and future residential solar customers beginning October 1, 2012. This tariff replaces net billing for residential solar PV systems no larger than 20 kilowatts (kW). Under this new tariff, residential customers will be credited monthly for their solar generation based on the Value of Solar energy generated from

438

Template:ReferenceForValue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ReferenceForValue ReferenceForValue Jump to: navigation, search This is the ReferenceForValue template. It is used by forms to assign a references to values supplied in the form. This template will generate the additional form field necessary to collect the reference information for the provided form field. Parameters Fieldname - The name of the form field containing the value to be referenced. Note: Parameters can be called in numerical order, or using parameter name. Dependencies Widget:ShowRefFieldsButton - Necessary to toggle the display of the reference fields, which are hidden by default. Usage Use within a form construct like this: {{ReferenceForValue|MyField}} to create a field called "Reference for MyField" which will collect a reference and apply it to the form's template as |ReferenceForMyField=

439

Value of a Smart Grid System | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Value of a Smart Grid System Value of a Smart Grid System Value of a Smart Grid System Implementing a Smart Grid is the effort to move the electric grid from a "static" to a "dynamic" state. Doing so improves the efficiency, reliability and cost-effectiveness of the electrical system's operations, planning and maintenance and creates a system that is interactive with consumers and markets, allowing better energy and dollar savings. Below we summarize the value of the Smart Grid from six perspectives. Value of a Smart Grid System More Documents & Publications Value of a Smart Grid System Smart Grid: Enabler of the New Energy Economy AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments to:DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical

440

Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Initiative Review...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Initiative Review Meeting October 3-4, 2006 Table of Contents Disclaimer Papers and Presentations Updates on Regional Characterization...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership--Validation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership-Validation Phase Background The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has selected seven partnerships, through its Regional Carbon...

442

Clean Cities Coalition Regions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Regions Clean Cities Coalition Regions Nearly 100 Clean Cities coalitions work to reduce petroleum use in communities across the country. Led by Clean Cities coordinators,...

443

Southeast Regional Clean Energy Policy Analysis | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Southeast Regional Clean Energy Policy Analysis Southeast Regional Clean Energy Policy Analysis This report covers the states that largely fall into the Southeastern Reliability...

444

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Midwest Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Pipelines in the Midwest Region Overview | Domestic Gas | Canadian Imports | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links. Overview Twenty-six interstate and at ...

445

Transition Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transition Zone Geothermal Region (Redirected from Transition Zone) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Transition Zone Geothermal Region edit Details...

446

Transition Zone Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transition Zone Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Transition Zone Geothermal Region edit Details Areas (5) Power Plants (0) Projects...

447

Figure F2. Electricity market module regions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration Annual Energy Outlook 2013 227 Regional maps Figure F2. Electricity market module regions Source: U.S. Energy Information ...

448

Regional Energy Activity | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in every region of the world. Important issue areas include regional and country-specific energy policies and practices, technology developments, market conditions, and trade and...

449

Idaho Batholith Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Idaho Batholith Geothermal Region (Redirected from Idaho Batholith) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Idaho Batholith Geothermal Region Details Areas...

450

Idaho Batholith Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Idaho Batholith Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Idaho Batholith Geothermal Region Details Areas (24) Power Plants (0) Projects (1)...

451

Tracking a Value's Influence on Later Computation | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tracking a Value's Influence on Later Computation November 01, 2013 Understanding how a program behaves is important for effective program development, debugging, and optimization,...

452

Federal Energy Management Program: Getting the Best Value with...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts Federal agencies benefit from lessons learned during utility energy service contracts (UESCs). Over the years, best...

453

Green Noise or Green Value? Measuring the Effects of Environmental...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant EPIs Commercial Food Service About ENERGY STAR Partner Resources You are here Home Buildings & Plants Green Noise or Green Value? Measuring the Effects of...

454

Missouri Value-Added Loan Guarantee Program (Missouri) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Centers Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Savings Missouri Value-Added Loan Guarantee Program (Missouri) Missouri...

455

Revealing the Hidden Value that the Federal Investment Tax Credit...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that the Federal Investment Tax Credit and Treasury Cash Grant Provide To Community Wind Projects Title Revealing the Hidden Value that the Federal Investment Tax Credit and...

456

Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California Title Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California Publication Type...

457

Value Capture in the Global Wind Energy Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

building solar panels and wind turbines; constructing fuel-that the fortunes of wind turbine manufacturers are relatedThe wind industry value chain Wind turbine manufacturing and

Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Business Case Slide 21: High-Value: Generic - 2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Value: Generic - 2 Issues All still at research stage Have theoretical or initial experimental information that does not contravene viability Most involve use in...

459

Business Case Slide 28: High-Value: Semiconductors - Program...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Semiconductors - Program Focus Previous Slide Next Slide Table of Contents High-Value: Semiconductors - Program Focus Measurement of DUO2 transistor properties at ORNL Measurement...

460

Microsoft Word - Web Posting for Earned Value Management 2013...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CONTRACTOR EARNED VALUE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CERTIFICATION STATUS (Revised November 5, 2013) DOE Office (Geographic Site) Contract Name Contractor Name Principal Companies Certified...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

The value of ENERGY STAR certification | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

building as ENERGY STAR. Below is a summary of several studies that evaluated the added market value of ENERGY STAR certified buildings. Chart showing price advantages of ENERGY...

462

Expected Future Value Decomposition Based Bid Price Generation ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 21, 2009 ... Expected Future Value Decomposition Based Bid Price Generation for ... The EFV curves are used to define bid prices on bundles of resources ...

463

The Impact of Wind Power Projects on Residential Property Values...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is not unreasonable, given property value impacts that have been found near high voltage transmission lines and other electric generation facilities, the impacts of wind energy...

464

Earned Value Management System (EVMS) Certifications | U.S. DOE...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Management Processes and Procedures Cost & Contingency EDIA Escalation Rates Earned Value Management System (EVMS) Certifications Awards Lessons Learned Tools & Resources SC...

465

Solar Energy and Capacity Value (Fact Sheet), NREL (National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Energy and Capacity Value e Solar Energy Can Provide Valuable Capacity to Utilities and Power System Operators Solar photovoltaic (PV) systems and concentrating solar power...

466

The Impact of Wind Power Projects on Residential Property Values...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

opposition to wind development (Paul, 2006) 100% and 85% of those opposed to offshore wind development believe aesthetics and property values, respectively, will be adversely...

467

Value of Storage with Increased Penetration of Renewable Generation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and discharge rates, max ramp rates, other? - Include default values from CAES, flywheel, battery, and pumped hydro technologies Add economics - Generation and NERC Fines...

468

Figure 65. Cumulative growth in value of shipments from energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cumulative growth in value of shipments from energy-intensive industries in three cases, 2011-2040 ... Iron and steel Bulk Chemicals Glass Paper products Food products

469

Figure 67. Cumulative growth in value of shipments from energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cumulative growth in value of shipments from energy-intensive industries, 2011-2040, 2011-2025, and 2025 ... Iron and steel Bulk chemicals Glass Paper products Food ...

470

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

char- acteristics. Solar power is generated during daylightcontext of wind power than solar power, because spatiallythe average valuation of the solar power if the value is the

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

On Formally Well-Posed Initial Value Problems - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Institut f ur Algorithmen und Kognitive Systeme. Universit at Karlsruhe, D-76128 Karlsruhe, Germany. Abstract. The notion of formally well-posed initial value ...

472

Discover the financial value of energy management | ENERGY STAR...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with ENERGY STAR resources Related resources Energy Strategy for the Road Ahead Guidelines for Energy Management Energy Program Assessment Matrix Financial Value Calculator...

473

PARS II Earned Value Data Migration Template | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Data Migration Template PARSITEMPLATE.xls More Documents & Publications Earned Value (EV) Analysis and Project Assessment & Reporting System (PARS II) PARS II CPP Upload...

474

Power & Mobility: Defining the Financial and Operational Value...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power & Mobility: Defining the Financial and Operational Value of Vehicle-to-Grid Technologies for the United States Department of Defense Speaker(s): Camron Gorguinpour Date:...

475

Radiation levels in the SSC interaction regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The radiation environment in a typical SSC detector has been evaluated using the best available particle production models coupled with Monte Carlo simulations of hadronic and electromagnetic cascades. The problems studied include direct charged particle dose, dose inside a calorimeter from the cascades produced by incident photons and hadrons, the flux of neutrons and photons backscattered from the calorimeter into a central cavity, and neutron flux in the calorimeter. The luminosity lifetime at the SSC is dominated by collision losses in the interaction regions, where the luminosity is equivalent to losing an entire full-energy proton beam into the apparatus every six days. The result of an average p-p collision can be described quite simply. The mean charged multiplicity is about 110, and the particles are distributed nearly uniformly in pseudorapidity ({eta}) over all the angles of interest. The transverse momentum distribution is independent of angle, and for our purposes may be written as p{perpendicular}exp(-p{perpendicular}/{beta}). The mean value of p{perpendicular} may be as high as 0.6 GeV/c. Most of the radiation is produced by the very abundant low-p{perpendicular} particles. The dose or neutron fluence produced by individual particles in this energy region are simulated over a wide variety of conditions, and several measurements serve to confirm the simulation results. In general, the response (a dose, fluence, the number of backscattered neutrons, etc.) for an incident particle of momentum p can be parameterized in the form Np{sup {alpha}}, where 0.5 < {alpha}< 1.0. The authors believe most of their results to be accurate to within a factor of two or three, sufficiently precise to serve as the basis for detailed designs.

Groom, D.E. [ed.

1988-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

476

2008-26 The determinants of economic growth in European regions ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA) to evaluate the robustness of determinants of economic growth in a new dataset of 255 European regions in the 1995-2005 period. We use three different specifications based on (1) the cross-section of regions, (2) the cross-section of regions with country fixed effects and (3) the cross-section of regions with a spatial autoregressive (SAR) structure. We investigate the existence of parameter heterogeneity by allowing for interactions of potential explanatory variables with geographical dummies as extra regressors. We find remarkable differences between the determinants of economic growth implied by differences between regions and those within regions of a given country. In the cross-section of regions, we find evidence for conditional convergence with speed around two percent. The convergence process between countries is dominated by the catching up process of regions in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), whereas convergence within countries is mostly a characteristic of regions in old EU member states. We also find robust evidence of positive growth of capital cities, a highly educated workforce and a negative effect of population density.

Jesus Crespo Cuaresma; Martin Feldkircher; Jesus Crespo Cuaresma; Martin Feldkircher; Oesterreichische Nationalbank

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership  

SciTech Connect

The Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership's (SECARB) Phase I program focused on promoting the development of a framework and infrastructure necessary for the validation and commercial deployment of carbon sequestration technologies. The SECARB program, and its subsequent phases, directly support the Global Climate Change Initiative's goal of reducing greenhouse gas intensity by 18 percent by the year 2012. Work during the project's two-year period was conducted within a ''Task Responsibility Matrix''. The SECARB team was successful in accomplishing its tasks to define the geographic boundaries of the region; characterize the region; identify and address issues for technology deployment; develop public involvement and education mechanisms; identify the most promising capture, sequestration, and transport options; and prepare action plans for implementation and technology validation activity. Milestones accomplished during Phase I of the project are listed below: (1) Completed preliminary identification of geographic boundaries for the study (FY04, Quarter 1); (2) Completed initial inventory of major sources and sinks for the region (FY04, Quarter 2); (3) Completed initial development of plans for GIS (FY04, Quarter 3); (4) Completed preliminary action plan and assessment for overcoming public perception issues (FY04, Quarter 4); (5) Assessed safety, regulatory and permitting issues (FY05, Quarter 1); (6) Finalized inventory of major sources/sinks and refined GIS algorithms (FY05, Quarter 2); (7) Refined public involvement and education mechanisms in support of technology development options (FY05, Quarter 3); and (8) Identified the most promising capture, sequestration and transport options and prepared action plans (FY05, Quarter 4).

Kenneth J. Nemeth

2006-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

478

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional Definitions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Definitions Map Definitions Map About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Regional Definitions The regions defined in the above map are based upon the 10 Federal Regions of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The State groupings are as follows: Northeast Region - Federal Region 1: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Federal Region 2: New Jersey, and New York. Federal Region 3:Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Southeast Region - Federal Region 4: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee. Midwest Region - Federal Region 5: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and

479

Outside a Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Outside a Geothermal Region Outside a Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Outside a Geothermal Region Details Areas (1) Power Plants (1) Projects (0) Techniques (0) This is a category for geothermal areas added that do not fall within an existing geothermal region. As a number of these accumulate on OpenEI, new regions can be created and areas moved into those regions accordingly. Geothermal Regions Map[1] References ↑ "Geothermal Regions Map" Geothermal Region Data State(s) Wyoming, Colorado Area USGS Resource Estimate for this Region Identified Mean Potential Undiscovered Mean Potential Planned Capacity Planned Capacity Plants Included in Planned Estimate Plants with Unknown Planned Capacity Geothermal Areas within the Outside a Geothermal Region

480

Developing a Regional Recovery Framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract A biological attack would present an unprecedented challenge for local, state, and federal agencies; the military; the private sector; and individuals on many fronts ranging from vaccination and treatment to prioritization of cleanup actions to waste disposal. To prepare the Seattle region to recover from a biological attack, the Seattle Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI) partners collaborated with military and federal agencies to develop a Regional Recovery Framework for a Biological Attack in the Seattle Urban Area. The goal was to reduce the time and resources required to recover and restore wide urban areas, military installations, and other critical infrastructure following a biological incident by providing a coordinated systems approach. Based on discussions in small workshops, tabletop exercises, and interviews with emergency response agency staff, the partners identified concepts of operation for various areas to address critical issues the region will face as recovery progresses. Key to this recovery is the recovery of the economy. Although the Framework is specific to a catastrophic, wide-area biological attack using anthrax, it was designed to be flexible and scalable so it could also serve as the recovery framework for an all-hazards approach. The Framework also served to coalesce policy questions that must be addressed for long-term recovery. These questions cover such areas as safety and health, security, financial management, waste management, legal issues, and economic development.

Lesperance, Ann M.; Olson, Jarrod; Stein, Steven L.; Clark, Rebecca; Kelly, Heather; Sheline, Jim; Tietje, Grant; Williamson, Mark; Woodcock, Jody

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

U.S. Coal Supply: International Shocks and the Value of Fuel Flexibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global coal markets soared and collapsed during 2008. This study examines implications of these changes for U.S. coal markets, in particular the possible evolution of coal prices from four different regions from 2009 to 2020 and the value of being able to use the lowest-cost coals representative delivery points. Additionally, the report estimates the competitiveness of U.S. coals in international markets, considering U.S. coals moving to Europe as well as Colombian coals moving to the United States. The ...

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

482

Estimated Value of Service Reliability for Electric Utility Customers in the United States  

SciTech Connect

Information on the value of reliable electricity service can be used to assess the economic efficiency of investments in generation, transmission and distribution systems, to strategically target investments to customer segments that receive the most benefit from system improvements, and to numerically quantify the risk associated with different operating, planning and investment strategies. This paper summarizes research designed to provide estimates of the value of service reliability for electricity customers in the US. These estimates were obtained by analyzing the results from 28 customer value of service reliability studies conducted by 10 major US electric utilities over the 16 year period from 1989 to 2005. Because these studies used nearly identical interruption cost estimation or willingness-to-pay/accept methods it was possible to integrate their results into a single meta-database describing the value of electric service reliability observed in all of them. Once the datasets from the various studies were combined, a two-part regression model was used to estimate customer damage functions that can be generally applied to calculate customer interruption costs per event by season, time of day, day of week, and geographical regions within the US for industrial, commercial, and residential customers. Estimated interruption costs for different types of customers and of different duration are provided. Finally, additional research and development designed to expand the usefulness of this powerful database and analysis are suggested.

Sullivan, M.J.; Mercurio, Matthew; Schellenberg, Josh

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

The broadband bonus: Estimating broadband Internet's economic value  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How much economic value did broadband Internet create? Despite the importance of this question for national policy, no research has estimated broadband's incremental contribution to U.S. GDP by calibrating against historical adoption and incorporating ... Keywords: Broadband, Economic value, Internet, Surplus

Shane Greenstein; Ryan C. McDevitt

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Architecting Enterprises for IT-enabled Value Creation Part 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In spite of rapid strides in evolving architecture processes that can help enterprises leverage IT for creating value, shortcomings are widely perceived. In this paper, the author discusses four points beginning with structuring the enterprise, partitioning ... Keywords: Business Model, Business Strategy, Enterprise Architecture, Enterprise Engineering, Information Technology, Management Science, Value

Siddhartha SenGupta

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Robust data sharing with key-value stores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A key-value store (KVS) offers functions for storing and retrieving values associated with unique keys. KVSs have become widely used as shared storage solutions for Internet-scale distributed applications. We present a fault-tolerant wait-free efficient ... Keywords: cloud storage, distributed storage

Cristina Basescu; Christian Cachin; Ittay Eyal; Robert Haas; Marko Vukolic

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Robust data sharing with key-value stores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A key-value store (KVS) offers functions for storing and retrieving values associated with unique keys. KVSs have become the most popular way to access Internet-scale “cloud” storage systems. We present an efficient wait-free algorithm that ...

Cristina Basescu; Christian Cachin; Ittay Eyal; Robert Haas; Alessandro Sorniotti; Marko Vukolic; Ido Zachevsky

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Value-of-Information Analysis for Nuclear Waste Storage Tanks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes an application of a value-of-information (VOI) analysis to a problem involving information collection and sampling costs of millions of dollars and ultimate consequences of decisions ranging in the hundreds of millions of dollars. ... Keywords: applications, decision analysis, decision trees, energy, uncertainty, value of information

Thomas Eppel; Detlof von Winterfeldt

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Applying design science research for enterprise architecture business value assessments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the effort to measure the business value and impact of Enterprise Architecture (EA), we need to adapt an appropriate form of information systems research in order to cope with the encountered challenges. For this purpose, we employed Design Science ... Keywords: business value assessment, design science, enterprise architecture

Martin Meyer; Markus Helfert; Brian Donnellan; Jim Kenneally

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Identification of Wiener systems with binary-valued output observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work is concerned with identification of Wiener systems whose outputs are measured by binary-valued sensors. The system consists of a linear FIR (finite impulse response) subsystem of known order, followed by a nonlinear function with a known parametrization ... Keywords: Binary-valued observations, Identification, Joint identifiability, Parameter estimation, Periodic inputs, Sensor thresholds, Wiener systems

Yanlong Zhao; Le Yi Wang; G. George Yin; Ji-Feng Zhang

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Computationally Convenient Distributional Assumptions for Common-ValueAuctions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although the mathematical foundations of common-value auctions have been well understood since Milgrom and Weber (1982), equilibrium bidding strategies are computationally complex. Very few calculated examples can be found in the literature, and only ... Keywords: common-value auctions

Michael B. Gordy

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Introduction to the Marginal Value Approach for Fossil Asset Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As power markets become competitive, utilities will benefit from closely monitoring their fossil-fleet investment and deployment decisions. Adopting a marginal value approach for analyzing fossil asset management (FAM) decisions gives utilities a framework for systematically quantifying the corporate-level value of utility decisions.

1995-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

492

The Economic Value of Biomass Implications for policy and practice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Economic Value of Biomass Implications for policy and practice David Clubb and Ben Tansey Rural England and Yorkshire #12;The research ·No previous study of biomass value ·Important to demonstrate ·Carbon ·Externalities #12;Largescale biomass ·Electricity generation inefficient (

493

Information Retrieval using the Singular Value Decomposition and Krylov subspaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information Retrieval using the Singular Value Decomposition and Krylov subspaces Katarina Blom­5 2 #12; Information Retrieval using the Singular Value Decomposition and Krylov subspaces Katarina@math.chalmers.se Abstract. We present two algorithms for information retrieval. The first algorithm is an extension

Patriksson, Michael

494

Complementary Goods: Creating, Capturing, and Competing for Value  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the strategic interaction between firms producing strictly complementary products. With strict complements, a consumer derives positive utility only when both products are used together. We show that value-capture and value-creation ... Keywords: competition, complementary goods, game theory, product quality, royalty fees

Taylan Yalcin, Elie Ofek, Oded Koenigsberg, Eyal Biyalogorsky

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data for modeling the 2030 power system. The load forecasts, fuel price forecasts, and generation.37 Electrical Accessory Load (W) 260 260 260 A/C Load (W)8 1088 1088 1344 Engine Specific Power (W/kg) 920 920Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study Phase 1, Task 2: Select Value Propositions

Pennycook, Steve

496

Content value chains modelling using a copyright ontology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Existing digital rights management (DRM) systems, initiatives like Creative Commons or research works as some digital rights ontologies provide limited support for content value chains modelling and management. This is becoming a critical issue as content ... Keywords: Content value chain, Copyright, Digital rights management, Ontology, Reasoning

Roberto García; Rosa Gil

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Examining human values in adopting ubiquitous technology in school  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes value analysis of adopting technology-supported attendance control service in a primary school. The results are based on a case study that explored a 14-week trial where two classes of elementary school children used an attendance ... Keywords: evaluation methods, school attendance control, user experience evaluation, value based design

Minna Isomursu; Mari Ervasti; Marianne Kinnula; Pekka Isomursu

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Maximum Rebate RFA provides up to 45% of the loan up to $40,000 of loan principal Program Info Start Date 1994 State Minnesota Program Type State Loan Program Provider Minnesota Department of Agriculture The Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program was created in 1994 and is designed to help farmers finance the purchase of stock in certain types of cooperative, limited liability company, or limited liability partnership that will produce a "value-added agricultural product." This may include wind energy and anaerobic-digestion cooperatives if they meet the

499

The Value of Distributed Generation (DG) under Different Tariff Structures  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Value of Distributed Generation (DG) under Different Tariff Structures The Value of Distributed Generation (DG) under Different Tariff Structures Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Value of Distributed Generation (DG) under Different Tariff Structures Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Socio-Economic Website: eetd.lbl.gov/ea/emp/reports/60589.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/value-distributed-generation-dg-under Language: English Policies: "Regulations,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. Regulations: Utility/Electricity Service Costs This report examines the standby tariff structures recently implemented in New York as a result of utilities feelings toward distributed generation

500

Empty values in upload? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Empty values in upload? Empty values in upload? Home > Groups > Databus Is it possible to upload data to a relational table without providing a value for every column? I.e., if the table has five columns, but a particular upload only has data for 3 of them, can I leave out the other two? Or is there a null value for this? Thanks, Submitted by Hopcroft on 8 October, 2013 - 14:22 1 answer Points: 0 json or csv. For json, it is just "columnanem": null (notice no quotes around null) for csv, I think you just put comma (nothing) comma as in time, col1, col2, col3 4444, "dean", , "value Where col2 is blank......I am pretty sure that works but need to test the csv. I know the json you just specify null. Deanhiller on 8 October, 2013 - 16:20 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group.