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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

A robust classifier of high predictive value to identify good prognosis patients in ER negative breast cancer.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,2 and Carlos Caldas1,3 1Breast Cancer Functional Genomics Laboratory, Cancer Research UK Cambridge Research Institute, Cambridge, CB2 0RE, UK. 2Department of Oncology University of Cambridge, Li Ka-Shing Centre, Robinson Way, Cambridge CB2 0RE, UK. 3Cambridge... , Caldas C: An immune response gene expression module iden-tifies a good prognosis subtype in estrogen receptor negative breast cancer. Genome Biol 2007, 8:R157. 6. Kreike B, van Kouwenhove M, Horlings H, Weigelt B, Peterse H, Bartelink H, Vijver MJ van de...

Teschendorff, Andrew E; Caldas, Carlos

2008-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

2

Negative heat capacity in the critical region of nuclear fragmentation: an experimental evidence of the liquid-gas phase transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An experimental indication of negative heat capacity in excited nuclear systems is inferred from the event by event study of energy fluctuations in $Au$ quasi-projectile sources formed in $Au+Au$ collisions at 35 A.MeV. The excited source configuration is reconstructed through a calorimetric analysis of its de-excitation products. Fragment partitions show signs of a critical behavior at about 5 A.MeV excitation energy. In the same energy range the heat capacity shows a negative branch providing a direct evidence of a first order liquid gas phase transition.

M. D'Agostino; F. Gulminelli; Ph. Chomaz; M. Bruno; F. Cannata; R. Bougault; N. Colonna; F. Gramegna; I. Iori; N. Le Neindre; G. V. Margagliotti; P. F. Mastinu; P. M. Milazzo; A. Moroni; G. Vannini

1999-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

3

High Q-value resonators for the SHF-region based on TBCCO-films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors used a sapphire dielectric resonator with a copper cylindrical shield and two endplates replaced by HTS layers for very accurate surface resistance measurements of TBCCO films made by the two step method. This technique allows for the preparation of high quality 2-in diameter Tl-2223 superconducting films with surface resistance values (R{sub s}) smaller than 100 {micro}{Omega} at 5.6 GHz and 77 K. The use of these films in sapphire dielectric resonators yields resonators for the C-band with very high unloaded quality factors (Q{sub o} > 2 {times} 10{sup 6} at 77 K). Such high Q{sub o}-values are not reached with any conventional resonators of comparable size.

Manzel, M.; Huber, S.; Bruchlos, H.; Bornmann, S.; Goernert, P. [Inst. fuer Physikalische Hochtechnologie, Jena (Germany)] [Inst. fuer Physikalische Hochtechnologie, Jena (Germany); Klinger, M.; Stiller, M. [Forschungsgesellschaft fuer Informationstechnik, Bad Salzdetfurth (Germany)] [Forschungsgesellschaft fuer Informationstechnik, Bad Salzdetfurth (Germany)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Black Holes of Negative Mass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I demonstrate that, under certain circumstances, regions of negative energy density can undergo gravitational collapse into a black hole. The resultant exterior black hole spacetimes necessarily have negative mass and non-trivial topology. A full theory of quantum gravity, in which topology-changing processes take place, could give rise to such spacetimes.

R. B. Mann

1997-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

5

Value Engineering  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish Department of Energy (DOE) value engineering policy that establishs and maintains cost-effective value procedures and processes.

2002-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

6

Quantum Inequality Restrictions on Negative Energy Densities in Curved Spacetimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In quantum field theory, there exist states in which the expectation value of the energy density for a quantized field is negative. These negative energy densities lead to many problems. Although quantum field theory introduces negative energies, it also provides constraints in the form of quantum inequalities (QI's). These uncertainty principle-type relations limit the magnitude and duration of any negative energy. We derive a general form of the QI on the energy density for both the quantized scalar and electromagnetic fields in static curved spacetimes. In the case of the scalar field, the QI can be written as the Euclidean wave operator acting on the Euclidean Green's function. Additionally, a small distance expansion on the Green's function is used to derive the QI in the short sampling time limit. It is found that the QI in this limit reduces to the flat space form with subdominant correction terms which depend on the spacetime geometry. Several example spacetimes are studied in which exact forms of the QI's can be found. These include the three- and four-dimensional static Robertson-Walker spacetimes, flat space with perfectly reflecting mirrors, Rindler and static de Sitter space, and the spacetime outside a black hole. Finally, the application of the quantum inequalities to the Alcubierre warp drive spacetime leads to strict constraints on the thickness of the negative energy region needed to maintain the warp drive. Under these constraints, we discover that the total negative energy required exceeds the total mass of the visible universe by a hundred billion times.

Michael John Pfenning; L. H. Ford

1998-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

7

On Valued Negation Normal Form Formulas Hel`ene Fargier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

has been partly supported by the R´egion Nord/Pas-de-Calais, the IRCICA Consortium and by the European as a further, yet more system- atic attempt to bridge the gap between both research streams. We present

Winckler, Marco Antonio Alba

8

Value Engineering  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish Department of Energy (DOE) value engineering policy that meets the requirements of Public Law 104-106, Section 4306 as codified by 41 United States Code 432. Canceled by DOE N 251.94. Does not cancel other directives.

2004-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

9

Elementary excitations and sound speed in liquid He at negative pressures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elementary excitations and sound speed in liquid 4 He at negative pressures Francesco Albergamoa of positive pressure values and from the sound speed. The maximum negative pressure realized, about -5.5 bar values as the density is decreased below the bulk value due to stretching of the liquid. The negative

Glyde, Henry R.

10

Negative Index Lens Aberrations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the Seidel aberrations of thin spherical lenses composed of media with refractive index not restricted to be positive. We find that consideration of this expanded parameter space allows reduction or elimination of more aberrations than is possible with only positive index media. In particular we find that spherical lenses possessing real aplanatic focal points are possible only with negative index. We perform ray tracing, using custom code that relies only on Maxwell's equations and conservation of energy, that confirms the results of the aberration calculations.

Schurig, D

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

CO{sub 2} Allowance Allocation in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the Effect on Electricity Investors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative among Northeastern states is expected to lead to an increase in the price of electricity in the region and beyond. In the RGGI region, changes in the value of electricity-generating assets may be positive or negative, while changes outside the Northeast are virtually always positive. For stakeholders in the industry, the change depends on the portfolio of assets held by affected firms. (author)

Burtraw, Dallas; Kahn, Danny; Palmer, Karen

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Three chamber negative ion source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

It is an object of this invention provide a negative ion source which efficiently provides a large flux of negatively ionized particles. This invention provides a volume source of negative ions which has a current density sufficient for magnetic fusion applications and has electrons suppressed from the output. It is still another object of this invention to provide a volume source of negative ions which can be electrostatically accelerated to high energies and subsequently neutralized to form a high energy neutral beam for use with a magnetically confined plasma.

Leung, K.N.; Ehlers, K.W.; Hiskes, J.R.

1983-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

13

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity negatively regulate Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and, additionally, that ArgR does have a role in arc regulation. Although... or looping of the promoter DNA in this region occurs, possibly strengthening the negative...

14

Scalar field collapse with negative cosmological constant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The formation of black holes or naked singularities is studied in a model in which a homogeneous time-dependent scalar field with an exponential potential couples to four dimensional gravity with negative cosmological constant. An analytic solution is derived and its consequences are discussed. The model depends only on one free parameter, which determines the equation of state and decides the fate of the spacetime. Without fine tuning the value of this parameter the collapse ends in a generic formation of a black hole or a naked singularity. The latter case violates the cosmic censorship conjecture.

R. Baier; Hiromichi Nishimura; S. A. Stricker

2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

15

Scalar field collapse with negative cosmological constant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The formation of black holes or naked singularities is studied in a model in which a homogeneous time-dependent scalar field with an exponential potential couples to four dimensional gravity with negative cosmological constant. An analytic solution is derived and its consequences are discussed. The model depends only on one free parameter which determines the equation of state and decides the fate of the spacetime. Depending on the value of this parameter the collapse ends in a black hole or a naked singularity. The latter case violates the cosmic censorship conjecture.

Baier, R; Stricker, S A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Negative Energy Solutions and Symmetries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit the negative energy solutions of the Dirac equation, which become relevant at very high energies and study several symmetries which follow therefrom. The consequences are briefly examined.

Burra G. Sidharth

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Creating Value Wood Products Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Louisiana Forest Products Development Center #12;2 Louisiana is blessed with quality timberland for the Wood Products Industry The forest industry contributes more than 50 percent of the total value of all for quality information, research and education in forest products in Louisiana, recognized regionally

18

Bounds on negativity of superpositions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For pure bipartite superposed states, the entanglement quantified by negativity is studied. If the entanglement is quantified by concurrence, we show that two pure states with high fidelity to one another have nearly the same entanglement. We deduce an inequality in which the concurrence is known to be a continuous function in infinite dimensions. The main result of this paper is to give the bounds on the negativity of a bipartite state in terms of the entanglement of the states being superposed. These bounds may be used in estimating the entanglement of a given state.

Ou Yongcheng; Fan Heng [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

T-Negative Issue 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1- J? ^?v>e?^G-cr -#;2_ J^^v JP^N T-Negative 5 (2) T-Negative 5, February 1970, comes from Ruth Berman, 5620 Edgewater Boulevard, Minneapolis Minnesota 55^17* Reprint: October 1975 contents Cover: "Revenge #2" by Greg Jein. "#2 is 'Cloaking1... Engineer Bain -- in charge of the cloaking shield and detector - efficient and most professional. She's shown working at her station." Set-To, by Ruth Berman Within the Barrier, by Ruth Berman Cld-Time Review Dept (illo by Kathy Bushman) List of ST...

Berman, Ruth

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

The Negative Parity Bands in $^{156}$Gd  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The high flux reactor of the Institut Laue-Langevin is the world most intense neutron source for research. Using the ultra high-resolution crystal spectrometers GAMS installed at the in-pile target position H6/H7 it is possible to measure nuclear state lifetimes using the Gamma Ray Induced Recoil (GRID) technique. In bent crystal mode, the spectrometers allow to perform spectroscopy with a dynamic range of up to six orders magnitude. At a very well collimated external neutron beam it is possible to install a highly efficient germanium detector array to obtain coincidences and angular correlations. The mentioned techniques were used to study the first two negative parity bands in $^{156}$Gd. These bands have been in the focus of interest since they seem to show signatures of a tetrahedral symmetry. A surprisingly high B(E2) value of about 1000 W.u. for the $4^- \\rightarrow 2^-$ transition was discovered. It indicates that the two first negative parity bands cannot be considered to be signature partners.

Michael Jentschel; Loic Sengele; Dominique Curien; Jerzy Dudek; Florent Haas

2014-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Density structure of an active region and associated moss using Hinode/EIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context: Studying the problem of active region heating requires precise measurements of physical plasma parameters such as electron density, temperature etc. It is also important to understand the relationship of coronal structures with the magnetic field. The Extreme-ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) aboard Hinode provides a rare opportunity to derive electron density simultaneously at different temperatures. Aims: MethodsWe study the density structure and characterise plasma in active regions and associated moss regions. In addition we study its relationship to the photospheric magnetic field. Methods: We used data recorded by the EIS, together with magnetic field measurements from the Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) aboard SoHO and images recorded with the Transition Region And Coronal Explorer (TRACE) and X-Ray Telescope (XRT/Hinode). Results: We find that the hot core of the active region is densest with values as high as 10^10.5 cm^-3. The electron density estimated in specific regions in the active region moss decreases with increasing temperature. The moss areas were located primarily on one side of the active region, and they map the positive polarity regions almost exactly. The density within the moss region was highest at log T=5.8-6.1, with a value around 10^(10.0-10.5) cm^-3. The moss densities were highest in the strong positive magnetic field region. However, there was no such correlation for the negative polarity areas, where there was a large sunspot.

D. Tripathi; H. E. Mason; P. R. Young; G. Del Zanna

2008-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

22

Negative mass solitons in gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We first reconstruct the conserved (Abbott-Deser) charges in the spin-connection formalism of gravity for asymptotically (Anti)-de Sitter spaces, and then compute the masses of the AdS soliton and the recently found Eguchi-Hanson solitons in generic odd dimensions, unlike the previous result obtained for only five dimensions. These solutions have negative masses compared to the global AdS or AdS/Z{sub p} spacetimes. As a separate note, we also compute the masses of the recent even dimensional Taub-NUT-Reissner-Nordstroem metrics.

Cebeci, Hakan; Sarioglu, Oezguer; Tekin, Bayram [Anadolu University, Department of Physics, Yunus Emre Campus, 26470, Eskisehir (Turkey); Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Middle East Technical University, 06531, Ankara (Turkey)

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

23

T-Negative Issue 21  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Herring, opposite p. 8; Rosalind Oberdieck, p. 11; Ricky Pearson, pp. 13, 21, 24, 28; Janice, p. 34. lino: Mary Himmelbach. Reasons why your mailbox ate this: 8r felt like sending it 8You contributed ,----") \\.--lYou paid money at the rate of 50?/one... -that starships are grounded, too. Since the elec trical current runs from the upper pIa tform to the lower; the l,?wer pla tform is positive. The floor, bein?: groundE~d, is negat~ve. Were anyone to touch both the "ground' and the ener gized lower...

Multiple Contributors

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

T-Negative Issue 14  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is probably inevitable, although the use of computer-aids and other adVances in educa tion may r..ave speeded up the p:l:'Ocess. According to Stephen Whitfield in The Making of Star Trek, filcC::>y had been a - generaljpractitioner until his decision... -2- T-Negative 14, March lY72, comes from Ruth Berman, 5620 Edgewater Boulevard Minneapolis Minnesota 55417. Reprint: Belated Brag Dept: The Portland Oregonian had a poem of mine, "Sea-going House," in the "Oregonian Verse" column, November 19...

Berman, Ruth; Hall, Anna Mary

25

Negative compressibility observed in graphene containing resonant impurities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We observed negative compressibility in monolayer graphene containing resonant impurities under different magnetic fields. Hydrogenous impurities were introduced into graphene by electron beam (e-beam) irradiation. Resonant states located in the energy region of {+-}0.04 eV around the charge neutrality point were probed in e-beam-irradiated graphene capacitors. Theoretical results based on tight-binding and Lifshitz models agreed well with experimental observations of graphene containing a low concentration of resonant impurities. The interaction between resonant states and Landau levels was detected by varying the applied magnetic field. The interaction mechanisms and enhancement of the negative compressibility in disordered graphene are discussed.

Chen, X. L.; Wang, L.; Li, W.; Wang, Y.; He, Y. H.; Wu, Z. F.; Han, Y.; Zhang, M. W.; Xiong, W.; Wang, N. [Department of Physics and The William Mong Institute of Nano Science and Technology, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China)] [Department of Physics and The William Mong Institute of Nano Science and Technology, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China)

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

26

Sustainable value analysis tool for value creation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the customer. Due to the long-term service contract, the company has been gaining a stable and continuous profit through professional technical service (i.e. economic value). Besides, the company has the incentive to design the products for easy repair...

Yang, Miying; Vladimirova, Doroteya; Rana, Padmakshi; Evans, Steve

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Bhutan National Values Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the world. This level contains values such as empathy, counselling, community work, and environmental awareness. Level 7: Service The seventh level is attained when making a difference becomes a way of life. It reflects the highest order of internal... cohesion, maturity and/or a search for Journal for Bhutan Studies 104 meaning. The distribution of all values shows where the most energy is concentrated for this group, not just where there is consensus on specific values. A values gap occurs where...

Evans, Steve

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Negative-energy contributions to transition amplitudes in heliumlike ions A. Derevianko, Igor M. Savukov, and W. R. Johnson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Negative-energy contributions to transition amplitudes in heliumlike ions A. Derevianko, Igor M defines the negative- energy spectrum. We show that for transitions between states with different values. In the particular case of the magnetic-dipole transition 3 3 S12 3 S1 , we demonstrate that the neglect of negative-energy

Johnson, Walter R.

29

Forest Optimal Rotation and Land Expectation Values under Carbon Sequestration and Radiation Budget.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??International efforts strife to mitigate negative externalities caused by man released greenhouse gasses. Attributing an economical value to forest carbon sequestration might represent is an… (more)

Wei, Hui-Chun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Abduction Compared with Negation by Failure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abduction Compared with Negation by Failure K. Eshghi * Hewlett Packard Laboratories programming can be extended to include abduction with integrity constraints. In the resulting extension for negation by failure, which generalises the stable model semantics of negation by failure. The abductive

Koehn, Philipp

31

CO{sub 2} allowance allocation in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the effect on electricity investors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) is an effort by nine Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states to develop a regional, mandatory, market-based cap-and-trade program to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the electricity sector. The initiative is expected to lead to an increase in the price of electricity in the RGGI region and beyond. The implications of these changes for the value of electricity-generating assets and the market value of the firms that own them depends on the initial allocation of carbon dioxide allowances, the composition of generating assets owned by the firm, and the locations of those assets. Changes in asset values inside the RGGI region may be positive or negative, whereas changes outside of the RGGI region are almost always positive but nonetheless vary greatly. Viewing changes at the firm level aggregates and moderates both positive and negative effects on market value compared with what would be observed by looking at changes at individual facilities. Nonetheless, a particular firm's portfolio of assets is unlikely to reflect the overall composition of assets in the industry as a whole, and some firms are likely to do substantially better or worse than the industry average. 16 refs., 4 figs.

Dallas Burtraw; Danny Kahn; Karen Palmerook

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

High coking value pitch  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high coking value pitch prepared from coal tar distillate and has a low softening point and a high carbon value while containing substantially no quinoline insolubles is disclosed. The pitch can be used as an impregnant or binder for producing carbon and graphite articles.

Miller, Douglas J.; Chang, Ching-Feng; Lewis, Irwin C.; Lewis, Richard T.

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

33

VOLUME & VALUE OF CATCH BY REGIONS 1970 Million Pounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.7 million; in 1969, $580.8 million. There were record packs of tuna, shrimp, and animal (pet) food. Recorded, and retail. In 1970, demand for fiShery products was strong. Both consumption and prices rose. On the average

34

Expectations of land value in rural and suburban regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Timberland has become a new and emerging asset class among investors. Institutional investors have committed large amounts of capital through the private equity market. Timber real estate investment trusts (REITs) have ...

Carlson, Dianna Marie

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Photovoltaics Value Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goals of this report are to identify best practices in methodologies for estimating the value of distributed PV technologies, identify gaps in existing knowledge, and outline R&D opportunities.

Contreras, J.L.; Frantzis, L.; Blazewicz, S.; Pinault, D.; Sawyer, H.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Value of Information References  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.

Morency, Christina

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

37

Value of Information References  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.

Morency, Christina

38

Small membranes under negative surface tension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use computer simulations and a simple free energy model to study the response of a bilayer membrane to the application of a negative (compressive) mechanical tension. Such a tension destabilizes the long wavelength undulation modes of giant vesicles, but it can be sustained when small membranes and vesicles are considered. Our negative tension simulation results reveal two regimes - (i) a weak negative tension regime characterized by stretching-dominated elasticity, and (ii) a strong negative tension regime featuring bending-dominated elastic behavior. This resembles the findings of the classic Evans and Rawicz micropipette aspiration experiment in giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) [Phys, Rev. Lett. {\\bf 64}, 2094 (1990)]. However, while in GUVs the crossover between the two elasticity regimes occurs at a small positive surface tension, in smaller membranes it takes place at a moderate negative tension. Another interesting observation concerning the response of a small membrane to negative surface tension ...

Avital, Yotam Y

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Value of Information spreadsheet  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

This spreadsheet represents the information posteriors derived from synthetic data of magnetotellurics (MT). These were used to calculate value of information of MT for geothermal exploration. Information posteriors describe how well MT was able to locate the "throat" of clay caps, which are indicative of hidden geothermal resources. This data is full explained in the peer-reviewed publication: Trainor-Guitton, W., Hoversten, G. M., Ramirez, A., Roberts, J., Júlíusson, E., Key, K., Mellors, R. (Sept-Oct. 2014) The value of spatial information for determining well placement: a geothermal example, Geophysics.

Trainor-Guitton, Whitney

40

Value of Information spreadsheet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This spreadsheet represents the information posteriors derived from synthetic data of magnetotellurics (MT). These were used to calculate value of information of MT for geothermal exploration. Information posteriors describe how well MT was able to locate the "throat" of clay caps, which are indicative of hidden geothermal resources. This data is full explained in the peer-reviewed publication: Trainor-Guitton, W., Hoversten, G. M., Ramirez, A., Roberts, J., Júlíusson, E., Key, K., Mellors, R. (Sept-Oct. 2014) The value of spatial information for determining well placement: a geothermal example, Geophysics.

Trainor-Guitton, Whitney

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

2006-2007 CHP Action Plan, Positioning CHP Value: Solutions for...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

CHP Action Plan, Positioning CHP Value: Solutions for National, Regional and Local Energy Issues, September 2006 2006-2007 CHP Action Plan, Positioning CHP Value: Solutions for...

42

ccsd00001476, NEGATIVE ENERGIES AND TIME REVERSAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kinetic energy, so-called phantom #12;elds, have recently been proposed [1] [2] [3] as new sources leadingccsd­00001476, version 6 ­ 31 Mar 2005 NEGATIVE ENERGIES AND TIME REVERSAL IN QUANTUM FIELD THEORY The theoretical and phenomenological status of negative energies is reviewed in Quantum Field Theory leading

43

Singular Value Decomposition Generalized  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Overview The singular value decomposition (SVD) is a generalization of the eigen- ferent eigenvalues are pairwise orthogonal. Let X be a positive semi-definite, its eigen containing the eigenvalues of X. The SVD uses the eigen-decomposition of a positive semi-definite matrix

Abdi, Hervé

44

Measuring Value in Healthcare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A statistical description and model of individual healthcare expenditures in the US has been developed for measuring value in healthcare. We find evidence that healthcare expenditures are quantifiable as an infusion-diffusion process, which can be thought of intuitively as a steady change in the intensity of treatment superimposed on a random process reflecting variations in the efficiency and effectiveness of treatment. The arithmetic mean represents the net average annual cost of healthcare; and when multiplied by the arithmetic standard deviation, which represents the effective risk, the result is a measure of healthcare cost control. Policymakers, providers, payors, or patients that decrease these parameters are generating value in healthcare. The model has an average absolute prediction error of approximately 10-12% across the range of expenditures which spans 6 orders of magnitude over a nearly 10-year period. For the top 1% of the population with the largest expenditures, representing 20%-30% of total ...

Gardner, Christopher

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Rutgers Regional Report # Regional Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, population, income, and building permits over a 32-year period from 1969 to 2001 for the 31-county Tri counties of the Tri-State (Connecticut, New Jersey, and New York) Region have been divided for analytical the nation and the Tri-State Region. What has not been fully documented, however, is the apparent shift

Garfunkel, Eric

46

Negative Diffusion and Traveling Waves in High Dimensional Lattice Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(x, t)] + f ( u(x, t) ; ? ) , parametrized by ? ? V ? R. The diffusion constant satisfies ? ? 0, the function u takes values in Rn for some n ? 2, the real (n × n)-matrices Aj have nonnegative entries, and the Jacobian D1f(· ; ?) has nonnegative off...-diagonal elements. The shifts r0 < r1 < · · · < rN can be taken to be both positive and negative, i.e., r0 < 0 < rN . We are interested in nonlinearities f that are bistable. In particular, writing 0 = (0, . . . , 0) ? Rn and 1 = (1, . . . , 1) ? Rn, we assume...

Hupkes, H. J.; Van Vleck, Erik S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Negative Ion Photoelectron Spectroscopy Confirms the Prediction...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Confirms the Prediction that (CO)5 and (CO)6 Each Has a Singlet Ground State. Negative Ion Photoelectron Spectroscopy Confirms the Prediction that (CO)5 and (CO)6 Each Has a...

48

Challenges for Na-ion Negative Electrodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Na-ion batteries have been proposed as candidates for replacing Li-ion batteries. In this paper we examine the viability of Na-ion negative electrode materials based on Na alloys or hard carbons in terms of volumetric ...

Chevrier, V. L.

49

Mission, Vision, Values  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Regionat Cornell Batteries & Fuel Cells SystemMission, Vision, Values

50

The Value of Economic Reality: Applying Economic Value Added.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The concept of Economic Value Added (EVA) is a revolutionary way to measure the value of a business. In its simplest form, EVA is a… (more)

Phillips, David M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Moment Closure Approximations in a Genetic Negative Feedback Circuit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Auto-regulation, a process wherein a protein negatively regulates its own production, is a common motif in gene expression networks. Negative feedback in gene expression plays a critical role in buffering intracellular fluctuations in protein concentrations around optimal value. Due to the nonlinearities present in these feedbacks, moment dynamics are typically not closed, in the sense that the time derivative of the lower-order statistical moments of the protein copy number depends on high-order moments. Moment equations are closed by expressing higher-order moments as nonlinear functions of lower-order moments, a technique commonly referred to as moment closure. Here, we compare the performance of different moment closure techniques. Our results show that the commonly used closure method, which assumes a priori that the protein population counts are normally distributed, performs poorly. In contrast, conditional derivative matching, a novel closure scheme proposed here provides a good approximation to the exact moments across different parameter regimes. In summary our study provides a new moment closure method for studying stochastic dynamics of genetic negative feedback circuits, and can be extended to probe noise in more complex gene networks.

Mohammad Soltani; Cesar Vargas; Niraj Kumar; Rahul Kulkarni; Abhyudai Singh

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

52

The Rebate Value Process with Some Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)+Z?dNu ) , (1.3) where c ? 0 is a constant, IT (u) = 1{T?u} is the maturity indicator, Nu = 1{??u} is the default indicator, and Z? ? G? is a non-negative random variable. Let Xt be the value at time t of the contract entitling the holder to {Cu}u?t . We assume... that the price Xt under the risk-neutral measure P is given by Xt = 1 Dt E {ˆ [t,T ] DudCu ? ? ? ? ? Gt } , (1.4) and that E |Xt |< ?, (1.5) for all t ? 0. By (1.4), we adopt the convention that the price of an asset at t includes the value of any cash-flow at t...

Welch, Nathan M.

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

53

Determining the Capacity Value of Wind: An Updated Survey of Methods and Implementation; Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes state and regional studies examining the capacity value of wind energy, how different regions define and implement capacity reserve requirements, and how wind energy is defined as a capacity resource in those regions.

Milligan, M.; Porter, K.

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

A study of the field of values of a matrix  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VITA 41 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE 1. Region of Inclusion vs. Field of Values. Z. Region of Inclusion vs. Field of Values. 3. Region of Inclusion vs. Field of Values, Page 18 19 20 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1 . Definitions and notation...(C) is convex. Proof. The proof of the theorem is arrived at through the following lemmas. Lemma 2. 3. If z is a vector with ~z ~ = 1 , then 0 0 (&l&(z )) is connected. 0 Proof. Assume P (P(z )) is disconnected. Then there are non- 0 empty, disjoint...

Chynoweth, Linda

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Negative skin friction at Keehi interchange  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is assumed to be the sum of the structural load, gt, a drag force, F'n, due to the fill within the pile group and a drag force F'n due to the negative skin friction of the soft layer. F = ()t + F'n + F"n (2. 1) where F'n is the weight of fill carried... of this method for an actual case. 2. 2. 3 Brome Brome (1969) describes the state of the practice in Sweden for the calculation of drag forces on piles due to negative skin friction. In Sweden most piles are driven to rock. The compression of the pile...

Porwoll, Hubert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

56

Existence domains of large amplitude dust-acoustic solitons in non-thermal plasmas with positive and negative dust  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using the traditional Sagdeev pseudopotential approach, the existence of large amplitude solitons is investigated for a plasma composed of cold negative dust, adiabatic positive dust, non-thermal ions and Boltzmann electrons. The lower and upper soliton Mach number limitations are determined as a function of various parameters and physical reasons are provided as to why these Mach number limits occur. Some regions in parameter space have been identified where only negative or positive solitons occur, whereas, other regions support the coexistence of both positive and negative potential solitons.

Maharaj, S. K. [South African National Space Agency Space Science, P O Box 32, Hermanus 7200 (South Africa); Bharuthram, R. [University of the Western Cape, Modderdam Road, Bellville 7530 (South Africa); Singh, S. V.; Lakhina, G. S. [Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, New Panvel, Navi Mumbai 410218 (India); Pillay, S. R. [University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000 (South Africa)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

57

Negative Entanglement Measure, and What It Implies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we extract from concurrence its variable part, denoted $\\Lambda$, and use $\\Lambda$ as a time-dependent measure of "distance", either postive or negative, from the separability boundary. We use it to investigate entanglement dynamics of two isolated but initially entangled qubits, each coupled to its own environment.

Ting Yu; J. H. Eberly

2007-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

58

Partial energies fluctuations and negative heat capacities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We proceed to a critical examination of the method used in nuclear fragmentation to exhibit signals of negative heat capacity. We show that this method leads to unsatisfactory results when applied to a simple and well controlled model. Discrepancies are due to incomplete evaluation of potential energies.

Xavier Campi; H. Krivine; E. Plagnol; N. Sator

2004-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

59

Value of solar thermal industrial process heat  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study estimated the value of solar thermal-generated industrial process heat (IPH) as a function of process heat temperature. The value of solar thermal energy is equal to the cost of producing energy from conventional fuels and equipment if the energy produced from either source provides an equal level of service. This requirement put the focus of this study on defining and characterizing conventional process heat equipment and fuels. Costs (values) were estimated for 17 different design points representing different combinations of conventional technologies, temperatures, and fuels. Costs were first estimated for median or representative conditions at each design point. The cost impact of capacity factor, efficiency, fuel escalation rate, and regional fuel price differences were then evaluated by varying each of these factors within credible ranges.

Brown, D.R.; Fassbender, L.L.; Chockie, A.D.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

California Policy Stimulates Carbon Negative CNG for Heavy Duty...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

California Policy Stimulates Carbon Negative CNG for Heavy Duty Trucks California Policy Stimulates Carbon Negative CNG for Heavy Duty Trucks Describes system for fueling truck...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

POLICY PERSPECTIVE High Conservation Value or high confusion value? Sustainable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and biodiversity conservation in the tropics David P. Edwards1 , Brendan Fisher1 , & David S. Wilcove2 1 WoodrowPOLICY PERSPECTIVE High Conservation Value or high confusion value? Sustainable agriculture certifies timber that is harvested to manage and maintain forests defined as having High Conservation Value

Vermont, University of

62

Regional Purchasing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared at 278, 298,NIST3 AÇORIANONews Media » 2014 Regional

63

Potential formation in a collisionless plasma produced in an open magnetic field in presence of volume negative ion source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electric potential near a wall for a multi-species plasma with volume produced negative ions in presence of axially varying magnetic field is studied following an analytical-numerical approach. A constant negative ion source is assumed throughout the plasma volume, along with finite temperature positive ions and Boltzmann electrons. The particles are assumed to be guided by an open magnetic field that has its maximum at the centre, and field strength decreasing towards the walls. The one dimensional (1D) Poisson equation is derived using an analytical approach, and then solved numerically to study the potential profiles. Effect of (a) negative ion production rate, (b) magnetic field profile, and (c) negative ion temperature on the potential profile has been investigated. A potential peak appears near the wall when the negative ion temperature and density are sufficiently high. Also, the presence of negative ions further decreases the potential in the plasma region for a finite Debye Length (?{sub D})

Phukan, Ananya, E-mail: ananya.phukan26@gmail.com; Goswami, K. S.; Bhuyan, P. J. [Centre of Plasma Physics, Institute for Plasma Research Sonapur, Kamrup (M), Assam 782402 (India)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

64

Negative energy densities in integrable quantum field theories at one-particle level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the phenomenon of negative energy densities in quantum field theories with self-interaction. Specifically, we consider a class of integrable models (including the sinh-Gordon model) in which we investigate the expectation value of the energy density in one-particle states. In this situation, we classify the possible form of the stress-energy tensor from first principles. We show that one-particle states with negative energy density generically exist in non-free situations, and we establish lower bounds for the energy density (quantum energy inequalities). Demanding that these inequalities hold reduces the ambiguity in the stress-energy tensor, in some situations fixing it uniquely. Numerical results for the lowest spectral value of the energy density allow us to demonstrate how negative energy densities depend on the coupling constant and on other model parameters.

Bostelmann, Henning

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Negative energy densities in integrable quantum field theories at one-particle level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the phenomenon of negative energy densities in quantum field theories with self-interaction. Specifically, we consider a class of integrable models (including the sinh-Gordon model) in which we investigate the expectation value of the energy density in one-particle states. In this situation, we classify the possible form of the stress-energy tensor from first principles. We show that one-particle states with negative energy density generically exist in non-free situations, and we establish lower bounds for the energy density (quantum energy inequalities). Demanding that these inequalities hold reduces the ambiguity in the stress-energy tensor, in some situations fixing it uniquely. Numerical results for the lowest spectral value of the energy density allow us to demonstrate how negative energy densities depend on the coupling constant and on other model parameters.

Henning Bostelmann; Daniela Cadamuro

2015-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

66

Negative Ion Photoelectron Spectroscopy Reveals Thermodynamic...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

corresponding value that one water molecule is capable of (ca. 13 kcalmol). Molecular dynamics simulations and quantum chemical calculations reveal the most plausible...

67

IMPROVEMENT OF MHD STABILITY IN NEGATIVE/WEAK SHEAR CONFIGURATIONS FOR A STEADY STATE TOKAMAK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

beta limit disruptions observed in high performance negative shear tokamak plasmas may be attributed beta value N as large as 2.5 - 3.5 can be realized for qmin. Hard beta limits due to ideal MHD stability can be improved by reducing the pressure gradient

Hudson, Stuart

68

Adding Value to Agricultural Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

You can significantly increase farm income by adding value to agricultural products and marketing those products effectively. This publication explains how to design a value-added product based on consumer preferences and how to build a business...

Anderson, David P.; Hanselka, Daniel

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Sandia National Laboratories: PV Value®  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and PV industry sales staff. For appraisers, the inputs specific to PV in the Residential Green and Energy Efficient Addendum can be used as inputs to PV Value. Valuing a PV...

70

The Value of Emissions Trading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper estimates the value of international emissions trading, focusing attention on a here-to-fore neglected component: its value as a hedge against uncertainty. Much analysis has been done of the Kyoto Protocol and ...

Webster, Mort David.

71

Studies of transition states and radicals by negative ion photodetachment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Negative ion photodetachment is a versatile tool for the production and study of transient neutral species such as reaction intermediates and free radicals. Photodetachment of the stable XHY{sup {minus}} anion provides a direct spectroscopic probe of the transition state region of the potential energy surface for the neutral hydrogen transfer reaction X + HY {yields} XH + Y, where X and Y are halogen atoms. The technique is especially sensitive to resonances, which occur at a specific energy, but the spectra also show features due to direct scattering. We have used collinear adiabatic simulations of the photoelectron spectra to evaluate trail potential energy surfaces for the biomolecular reactions and have extended the adiabatic approach to three dimensions and used it to evaluate empirical potential energy surfaces for the I + Hl and Br + HI reactions. In addition, we have derived an empirical, collinear potential energy surface for the Br + HBr reaction that reproduces our experimental results and have extended this surface to three dimensions. Photodetachment of a negative ion can be also used to study neutral free radicals. We have studied the vibrational and electronic spectroscopy of CH{sub 2}NO{sub 2} by photoelectron spectroscopy of CH{sub 2}NO{sub 2}{sup {minus}}, determining the electron affinity of CH{sub 2}NO{sub 2}, gaining insight on the bonding of the {sup 2}B{sub 1} ground state and observing the {sup 2}A{sub 2} excited state for the first time. Negative ion photodetachment also provides a novel and versatile source of mass-selected, jet-cooled free radicals. We have studied the photodissociation of CH{sub 2}NO{sub 2} at 270, 235, and 208 nm, obtaining information on the dissociation products by measuring the kinetic energy release in the photodissociation.

Metz, R.B.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Negative feedback effects on star formation history and cosmic reionization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After considering the effects of negative feedback on the process of star formation, we explore the relationship between star formation process and the associated feedback, by investigating how the mechanical feedback from supernovae(SNe) and radiative feedback from luminous objects regulate the star formation rate and therefore affect the cosmic reionization.Based on our present knowledge of the negative feedback theory and some numerical simulations, we construct an analytic model in the framework of the Lambda cold dark matter model. In certain parameter regions, our model can explain some observational results properly. In large halos(T_vir>10000 K), both mechanical and radiative feedback have a similar behavior: the relative strength of negative feedback reduces as the redshift decreases. In contrast, in small halos (T_virfeedback gets stronger when the redshift decreases. And the star formation rate in these small halos depends very weakly on the star-formation efficiency. Our results show that the radiative feedback is important for the early generation stars. It can suppress the star formation rate considerably. But the mechanical feedback from the SNe explosions is not able to affect the early star formation significantly. The early star formation in small-halo objects is likely to be self-regulated. The radiative and mechanical feedback dominates the star formation rate of the PopII/I stars all along. The feedback from first generation stars is very strong and should not be neglected. However, their effects on the cosmic reionization are not significant, which results in a small contribution to the optical depth of Thomson scattering.

Lei Wang; Jirong Mao; Shouping Xiang; Ye-Fei Yuan

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

73

Capacity Value of Solar Power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Evaluating the capacity value of renewable energy sources can pose significant challenges due to their variable and uncertain nature. In this paper the capacity value of solar power is investigated. Solar capacity value metrics and their associated calculation methodologies are reviewed and several solar capacity studies are summarized. The differences between wind and solar power are examined, the economic importance of solar capacity value is discussed and other assessments and recommendations are presented.

Duignan, Roisin; Dent, Chris; Mills, Andrew; Samaan, Nader A.; Milligan, Michael; Keane, Andrew; O'Malley, Mark

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

74

Cultural Values of Trees, Woods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

research into the importance of the cultural values of trees, woods and forests for sustainable forest managers have to take account of cultural values as one of the central themes of Sustainable Forest and taking them into account as part of the processes of planning and decisionmaking. Cultural values

75

The Tourism Global Value Chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Tourism Global Value Chain ECONOMIC UPGRADING AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT Michelle Christian 2011 CENTER on GLOBALIZATION, GOVERNANCE & COMPETITIVENESS #12;The Tourism Global Value Chain: Economic: November 17, 2011 #12;The Tourism Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development i Table

Richardson, David

76

Negative Electrodes for Li-Ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphitized carbons have played a key role in the successful commercialization of Li-ion batteries. The physicochemical properties of carbon cover a wide range; therefore identifying the optimum active electrode material can be time consuming. The significant physical properties of negative electrodes for Li-ion batteries are summarized, and the relationship of these properties to their electrochemical performance in nonaqueous electrolytes, are discussed in this paper.

Kinoshita, Kim; Zaghib, Karim

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Attachment and memory for negative emotional events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control of Emotions on Explicit Memory. . . . . . Interaction of Anxiety X EEQ Positive Affect on Explicit Memory. . 50 51 51 Mediation Model 52 Interaction of Anxiety X Video Mood on Explicit Memory 52 Interaction of Avoidance X Sex on Imphcit... monitored their responses to the video content through a hidden camera in the laboratory room. The video clip, which came from the Swedish film Autumn Sonata directed by Ingmar Bergman, was selected on the basis of its negative, attachment-relevant content...

Wilson, Carol Leigh

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

78

Theory of the negative magnetoresistance in magnetic metallic multilayers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Boltzman equation is solved for a system consisting of alternating ferromagnetic normal metallic layers. The in-plane conductance of the film is calculated for two configurations: successive ferromagnetic layers aligned parallel and antiparallel to each other. Results explain the giant negative magnetoresistance encountered in these systems when an initial antiparallel arrangement is changed into a parallel configuration by application of an extemal magnetic field. The calculation depends on geometric parameters (the thicknesses of the layers); intrinsic metal parameters (number of conduction electrons, magnetization and effective masses in the layers); bulk sample properties (conductivity relaxation times); and interface scattering properties (diffuse scattering versus potential scattering at the interfaces). It is found that a large negative magnetoresistance requires, in general, considerable asymmetry in the interface scattering for the two spin orienmtions. All qualitative features of the experiments are reproduced. Quantitative agreement can be achieved with sensible values of the parameters. The effect can be conceptually explained based on considerations of phase-space availability for an electron of a given spin orientation as it travels through the multilayer sample in the various configurations and traverses the interfaces.

Hood, R.Q.; Falicov, L.M. [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Value stream mapping and earned value management : two perspectives on value in product development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The concepts of value and value stream are crucial to the philosophy of Lean, and a better understanding of how these concepts relate to product development (PD) is essential for the creation of a Lean PD strategy. This ...

Whitaker, Ryan Brent

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The Effect of Negative-Energy Shells on the Schwarzschild Black Hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct Penrose diagrams for Schwarzschild spacetimes joined by massless shells of matter, in the process correcting minor flaws in the similar diagrams drawn by Dray and 't Hooft, and confirming their result that such shells generate a horizon shift. We then consider shells with negative energy density, showing that the horizon shift in this case allows for travel between the heretofore causally separated exterior regions of the Schwarzschild geometry. These drawing techniques are then used to investigate the properties of successive shells, joining multiple Schwarzschild regions. Again, the presence of negative-energy shells leads to a causal connection between the exterior regions, even in (some) cases with two successive shells of equal but opposite total energy.

Jeffrey S Hazboun; Tevian Dray

2009-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

How the Weak Variance of Momentum Can Turn Out to be Negative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Weak values are average quantities,therefore investigating their associated variance is crucial in understanding their place in quantum mechanics. We develop the concept of a position-postselected weak variance of momentum as cohesively as possible, building primarily on material from Moyal (Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1949) and Sonego (Found Phys 21(10):1135, 1991) . The weak variance is defined in terms of the Wigner function, using a standard construction from probability theory. We show this corresponds to a measurable quantity, which is not itself a weak value. It also leads naturally to a connection between the imaginary part of the weak value of momentum and the quantum potential. We study how the negativity of the Wigner function causes negative weak variances, and the implications this has on a class of `subquantum' theories. We also discuss the role of weak variances in studying determinism, deriving the classical limit from...

Feyereisen, M R

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

HANDLING MISSING ATTRIBUTE VALUES IN DECISION TABLES USING VALUED TOLERANCE APPROACH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using the lower and upper approximations. The set that separates the lower and the upper approximation is the boundary region for the rough set. The main advantage of rough set theory is that it does not require any additional information about data... by the algorithm (MLEM2 or valued tolerance) and computes the error rate. Two rule checkers are used namely, ?srch? and ?chkrul?. The rule checker ?srch? is used to convert the rules according to the LERS format since it does not handle missing attribute values...

Vasudevan, Supriya

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Earned Value Management System (EVMS)  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Guide provides approaches for implementing the Earned Value Management System (EVMS) requirements of DOE O 413.3B. Cancels DOE G 413.3-10.

2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

84

Analysis of value creation and value capture in microfluidics market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advances in microfluidics in the last two decade have created a tremendous technological value which is shaping genomics; drug discovery; proteomics; and point-of-care diagnostics. The positive impact has resulted in faster ...

Yadav, Shailendra

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Analysis of value creation and value capture in microfluidics market .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Advances in microfluidics in the last two decade have created a tremendous technological value which is shaping genomics; drug discovery; proteomics; and point-of-care diagnostics. The… (more)

Yadav, Shailendra

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Electromagnetic matrix elements for negative parity nucleons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here we present preliminary results for the evaluation of the electromagnetic form factors for the lowest-lying negative-parity, spin-$\\frac{1}{2}$ nucleons, namely the $S_{11}(1535)$ and $S_{11}(1650)$, through the use of the variational method. We find that the characteristics of the electric form factor, $G_{E}$, are similar between these states, however significant differences are observed between the quark-sector contributions to the magnetic form factor, $G_{M}$. Within simple constituent quark models, these states are understood to be admixtures of $s=\\frac{1}{2}$ and $s=\\frac{3}{2}$ states coupled to orbital angular momentum $\\ell = 1$. Our results reveal a qualitative difference in the manner in which the singly-represented quark sector contributes to these baryon magnetic form factors.

Benjamin Owen; Waseem Kamleh; Derek Leinweber; Selim Mahbub; Benjamin Menadue

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

87

Negative Baryon density and the Folding structure of the B=3 Skyrmion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Skyrme model is a non-linear field theory whose solitonic solutions, once quantised, describe atomic nuclei. The classical static soliton solutions, so-called Skyrmions, have interesting discrete symmetries and can only be calculated numerically. Mathematically, these Skyrmions can be viewed as maps between to two three-manifolds and, as such, their stable singularities can only be folds, cusps and swallowtails. Physically, the occurrence of singularities is related to negative baryon density. In this paper, we calculate the charge three Skyrmion to a high resolution in order to examine its singularity structure in detail. Thereby, we explore regions of negative baryon density. We also discuss how the negative baryon density depends on the pion mass.

David Foster; Steffen Krusch

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

88

Method for resurrecting negative electron affinity photocathodes after exposure to an oxidizing gas  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method by which negative electron affinity photocathodes (201), single crystal, amorphous, or otherwise ordered, can be made to recover their quantum yield following exposure to an oxidizing gas has been discovered. Conventional recovery methods employ the use of cesium as a positive acting agent (104). In the improved recovery method, an electron beam (205), sufficiently energetic to generate a secondary electron cloud (207), is applied to the photocathode in need of recovery. The energetic beam, through the high secondary electron yield of the negative electron affinity surface (203), creates sufficient numbers of low energy electrons which act on the reduced-yield surface so as to negate the effects of absorbed oxidizing atoms thereby recovering the quantum yield to a pre-decay value.

Mulhollan, Gregory A; Bierman, John C

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

89

Regional Summary Pacific Region Management Context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, for the Eastern Pacific Ocean, and the Western and Central Pacific Fishery Commission, for the Western PacificRegional Summary Pacific Region Management Context The Pacific Region includes California, Oregon, and Washington. Federal fisheries in this region are managed by the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC

90

Production of intense negative hydrogen beams with polarized nuclei by selective neutralization of cold negative ions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for selectively neutralizing H/sup -/ ions in a magnetic field to produce an intense negative hydrogen ion beam with spin polarized protons. Characteristic features of the process include providing a multi-ampere beam of H/sup -/ ions that are

Hershcovitch, A.

1984-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

91

Earned Value Management System (EVMS)  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Guide supports the Departments initiatives to improve program, project, and contract management through the implementation and surveillance of contractors earned value management systems. Canceled by DOE G 413.3-10A.

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

92

Port-region linkages in a global perspective Csar DUCRUET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Port-region linkages in a global perspective César DUCRUET National Center for Scientific on ports and regional development mostly documents the weakening spatial fix of flows and the negative externalities of ports on their surrounding territories. Except for port impact studies that remain difficultly

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

93

Performance characteristics of positive and negative delayed feedback on chaotic dynamics of directly modulated InGaAsP semiconductor lasers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The chaotic dynamics of directly modulated semiconductor lasers with delayed optoelectronic feedback is studied numerically. The effects of positive and negative delayed optoelectronic feedback in producing chaotic outputs from such lasers with nonlinear gain reduction in its optimum value range is investigated using bifurcation diagrams. The results are confirmed by calculating the Lyapunov exponents. A negative delayed optoelectronic feedback configuration is found to be more effective in inducing chaotic dynamics to such systems with nonlinear gain reduction factor in the practical value range.

Bindu M. Krishna; Manu. P. John; V. M. Nandakumaran

2008-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

94

Negative refraction by a virtual photonic lattice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research on photonics and metamaterials constantly challenges our intuitive understanding of the behaviour of light. In recent years we have seen negative refraction, focusing of light by a flat slab, a ``perfect'' prism, and an ``invisibility cloak'' [1-6]. It is generally understood that the cause of this unusual behaviour is the strong (anomalous) dispersion, i.e., dependence of the material properties on the frequency of light. Dispersion can be either due to a natural microscopic resonance of the material as with surface plasmons-polaritons, or due to an effective resonance (band-gap) of the periodic lattice as in photonics [7-9]. Metamaterials take the better of the two approaches representing a periodic array of designer subwavelength particles tuned to resonate at a specific frequency-band. At present, however, we have only a very basic understanding of the effect which a finite size of a sample of a periodic photonic crystal or metamaterial has on the macroscopic properties such as refraction. Yet ev...

Budko, Neil V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Negative radiation pressure exerted on kinks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interaction of a kink and a monochromatic plane wave in one dimensional scalar field theories is studied. It is shown that in a large class of models the radiation pressure exerted on the kink is negative, i.e. the kink is {\\sl pulled} towards the source of the radiation. This effect has been observed by numerical simulations in the $\\phi^4$ model, and it is explained by a perturbative calculation assuming that the amplitude of the incoming wave is small. Quite importantly the effect is shown to be robust against small perturbations of the $\\phi^4$ model. In the sine-Gordon (sG) model the time averaged radiation pressure acting on the kink turns out to be zero. The results of the perturbative computations in the sG model are shown to be in full agreement with an analytical solution corresponding to the superposition of a sG kink with a cnoidal wave. It is also demonstrated that the acceleration of the kink satisfies Newton's law.

Péter Forgács; Árpád Lukács; Tomasz Roma?czukiewicz

2008-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

96

Quantum effects in electron emission from and accretion on negatively charged spherical particles in a complex plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors have investigated the electron emissions (thermionic, electric field, photoelectric, and light induced field) from and electron accretion on a charged particle in a complex plasma, on the basis of a three region electrical potential model in and around a charged spherical particle in a complex plasma, characterized by Debye shielding. A continuous variation of the transmission coefficient across the surface of a particle (corresponding to emission and accretion) with the radial electron energy {epsilon}{sub r} has been obtained. It is seen that the numerical values of the emission and accretion transmission coefficients [D({epsilon}{sub r})] are almost the same. This is the necessary and sufficient condition for the validity of Saha's equation for thermal equilibrium of a system of dust and electrons. This is in contrast to the earlier condition, which limited the range of validity of Saha's equation to the range of the applicability of Born approximation. It is seen that D({epsilon}{sub r}) increases with increasing {epsilon}{sub r}, increasing negative electric potential on the surface, decreasing radius, and deceasing Debye length. The electron currents, corresponding to thermionic, electric field, photoelectric and light induced field emission increase with increasing surface potential; this fact may have significant repercussions in complex plasma kinetics. Since numerically D({epsilon}{sub r}) is significantly different from unity in the range of {epsilon}{sub r} of interest, it is necessary to take into account the D({epsilon}{sub r})-{epsilon}{sub r} dependence in complex plasma theory.

Mishra, S. K. [Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar (India); Sodha, M. S.; Misra, Shikha [DST Project, Department of Education Building, University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226007 (India)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

Molecular analyses of a tyrosinase-negative albino family  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sequence analysis of the tyrosinase coding region from an individual with tyrosinase-negative oculocutaneous albinism revealed that the patient was a compound heterozygote. One allele carried a C[r arrow]A single-base substitution in codon 355 of exon 3, and the other carried a two-nucleotide deletion in exon 1. The nucleotide substitution caused a putative amino acid change from threonine (ACA) to lysine (AAA), abolishing a signal for N-glycosylation. The two base-pair deletion caused a frameshift, creating a putative premature termination signal at codon 226. The melanocytes from the proband and her affected brother were amelanotic and devoid of measurable tyrosinase activity. Moreover, gel electrophoretic analysis of the immunoprecipitated proband tyrosinase showed that the protein was no processed to the mature glycosylated form, confirming the predicted consequence of the amino acid change. The two-base deletion on the homologous allele was detected only by sequencing genomic DNA. The transcript of this allele was not represented in the cDNA library and could not be detected by PCR mRNA, and the putative truncated protein ([approximately]25 kDa) was not present in immunoprecipitates, suggesting that the allele with the missense mutation may be preferentially expressed. 29 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Park, K.C.; Chintamaneni, C.D.; Kwon, B.S. (Indiana Univ., Indianapolis (United States)); Halaban, R. (Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States)); Witkop, C.J. Jr. (Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis (United States))

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

BPA Committed to Northwest Values  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Columbia River has been called the “crown jewel” of the Pacific Northwest. There is no question it is among the region’s greatest assets — supplying low-cost clean hydropower, making deserts bloom thanks to irrigation and providing navigation, recreation and a home for many species of fish and wildlife. The Bonneville Power Administration is proud to be a steward of this great resource. Our mission is to serve the people and environment of the Pacific Northwest. We sell wholesale power from Grand Coulee Dam and 30 other Northwest federal dams to Northwest utilities, including public utility districts, rural electric cooperatives and municipal utility departments, as well as investor-owned utilities. We operate three-fourths of the region’s high voltage transmission system that delivers that power. But, as a federal agency, we are not just a power marketer. We have public responsibilities that include, among many, promoting energy efficiency, facilitating development of renewable power, protecting fish and wildlife affected by hydro development, honoring treaty obligations to tribes and promoting a reliable energy future through collaboration and partnerships. This document describes our responsibilities to citizens in the Pacific Northwest.

none,

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Observation of negative impulse velocity in free space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the 1983 definition of the speed of light in vacuum as a fundamental constant with the exact value of 299792458 m/s the question remains as to what apart from the wavefront travels at that speed. It is commonly assumed that the entire wave-packet or an impulse of the electromagnetic radiation in free space does. Here it is shown, both theoretically and experimentally, that there exists a region close to the source, where, while the wave-front travels at the speed of light, the individual impulses comprising the body of the wave-packet appear to slow down and even go backwards in time. This three-dimensional near-field late-time effect may also explain some of the free-space superluminal measurements.

Budko, Neil V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Value of Concentrating Solar Power and Thermal Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines the value of concentrating solar power (CSP) and thermal energy storage (TES) in four regions in the southwestern United States. Our analysis shows that TES can increase the value of CSP by allowing more thermal energy from a CSP plant?s solar field to be used, by allowing a CSP plant to accommodate a larger solar field, and by allowing CSP generation to be shifted to hours with higher energy prices. We analyze the sensitivity of CSP value to a number of factors, including the optimization period, price and solar forecasting, ancillary service sales, capacity value and dry cooling of the CSP plant. We also discuss the value of CSP plants and TES net of capital costs.

Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

International Projects: Food Grant value over $250,000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

practices and build a sustainable economy. AgShare Open Education Resources is an 18-month pilot projectInternational Projects: Food Grant value over $250,000 College Project Title Department Region, crops and agribusiness COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE & NATURAL RESOURCES Improving the Inclusiveness

102

Negative ion source with hollow cathode discharge plasma  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A negative ion source of the type where negative ions are formed by bombarding a low-work-function surface with positive ions and neutral particles from a plasma, wherein a highly ionized plasma is injected into an anode space containing the low-work-function surface is described. The plasma is formed by hollow cathode discharge and injected into the anode space along the magnetic field lines. Preferably, the negative ion source is of the magnetron type.

Hershcovitch, A.; Prelec, K.

1980-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

103

Property Values | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocusOskiPhilipspresents newValues Jump to: navigation, search

104

Northwest Regional Technology Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Northwest Regional Technology Center for Homeland Security The Northwest Regional Technology Center and deployment of technologies that are effective homeland security solutions for the region, and accelerate technology transfer to the national user community. Foster a collaborative spirit across agencies

105

Negative Electrodes Improve Safety in Lithium Cells and Batteries...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Negative Electrodes Improve Safety in Lithium Cells and Batteries Technology available for licensing: Enhanced stability at a lower cost Lowers cost for enhanced stability...

106

Negative feedback confers mutational robustness in yeast transcription factor regulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is! possible! that! feedback! does! not! reduce! expression!positive! and! negative! feedback. ! An! alternative!reporter! to! test! for! feedback. ! The! general! approach!

Denby, Charles

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Cooper-Frye Negative Contributions in a Coarse-Grained Transport Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many models of heavy ion collisions employ relativistic hydrodynamics to describe the system evolution at high densities. The Cooper-Frye formula is applied in most of these models to turn the hydrodynamical fields into particles. However, the number of particles obtained from the Cooper-Frye formula is not always positive-definite. Physically negative contributions of the Cooper-Frye formula are particles that stream backwards into the hydrodynamical region. We quantify the Cooper-Frye negative contributions in a coarse-grained transport approach, which allows to compare them to the actual number of underlying particles crossing the transition hypersurface. It is found that the number of underlying inward crossings is much smaller than the one the Cooper-Frye formula gives under the assumption of equilibrium distribution functions. The magnitude of Cooper-Frye negative contributions is also investigated as a function of hadron mass, collision energy in the range $E_{\\rm lab} = 5-160A$ GeV, and collision centrality. The largest negative contributions we find are around 13% for the pion yield at midrapidity at $E_{\\rm lab} = 20A$ GeV collisions.

D. Oliinychenko; P. Huovinen; H. Petersen

2014-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

108

Beyond “Asian Values”: Rethinking Rights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, at 107-123. See also Li-Ann Thio, Implementing Human Rights in ASEAN Countries: ‘Promises to keep and miles to go before I sleep, 2 Yale Hum. Rts. and Dev. L. J. 1, 13-22 (1999) 22 Thio, id., at 22. 23 Michael Davis, Constitutionalism and Political... of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) states in the 1993 ASEAN Bangkok Declaration. The debates on “Asian values” at this stage were heavily politicised and polemic, with “Western” universalists and “Asian” cultural relativists having diametrically polarised...

Tew, Yvonne

109

UMTRA Project value engineering plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of value engineering (VE) on the Uranium MILL Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project is to ensure that remedial action at the UMTRA Project sites is performed to meet the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards for inactive uranium mill tailings sites at the lowest cost, while maintaining a high quality of work. Through review of designs and consideration of reasonable, less expensive alternatives, VE can be an effective cost reduction tool and a means to improve the design. The UMTRA Project products are the design and construction of stabilized tailings embankments.

Not Available

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Critique of ``Expected Value`` models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are a number of models in the defense community which use a methodology referred to as ``Expected Value`` to perform sequential calculations of unit attritions or expenditures. The methodology applied to two-sided, dependent, sequential events can result in an incorrect model. An example of such an incorrect model is offered to show that these models may yield results which deviate significantly from a stochastic or Markov process approach. The example was derived from an informal discussion at the Center for Naval Analyses.

May, W.L.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

PV Value | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment ofOil's Impact on2005-74Laboratories | Department ofPV Value PV

112

ccsd00002099, Partial energies uctuations and negative heat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ccsd­00002099, version 3 ­ 3 Aug 2004 Partial energies uctuations and negative heat capacities X of potential energies. The possibility to observe negative heat capacities has been recently the object of much ensemble, heat capacities (proportional to the uc- tuations of the energy) are always positive

113

Estimating electric current densities in solar active regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric currents in solar active regions are thought to provide the energy released via magnetic reconnection in solar flares. Vertical electric current densities $J_z$ at the photosphere may be estimated from vector magnetogram data, subject to substantial uncertainties. The values provide boundary conditions for nonlinear force- free modelling of active region magnetic fields. A method is presented for estimating values of $J_z$ taking into account uncertainties in vector magnetogram field values, and minimizing $J_z^2$ across the active region. The method is demonstrated using the boundary values of the field for a force-free twisted bipole, with the addition of noise at randomly chosen locations.

Wheatland, M S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

2014 REGIONAL ECONOMIC OUTLOOK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2014 REGIONAL ECONOMIC OUTLOOK #12;2014 REGIONAL ECONOMIC OUTLOOK 2014 Overview The Cincinnati USA Partnership for Economic Development and the Northern Kentucky Chamber of Commerce are pleased to present the 2014 Regional Economic Outlook. This report was prepared by the Cincinnati USA Partnership's Regional

Boyce, Richard L.

115

Conservation Regional ConservationRegional Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Northwest Power and Conservation Council Regional ConservationRegional Conservation Update and Conservation CouncilConservation Council January 24, 2007 #12;slide 2 Northwest Power and Conservation Council?"" #12;slide 3 Northwest Power and Conservation Council PNW Energy Efficiency AchievementsPNW Energy

116

Q-value effects on the production of superheavy nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The formation of superheavy nucleus {sup 270}Hs via the 4n evaporation channel of fusion reactions {sup 26}Mg+{sup 248}Cm, {sup 30}Si+{sup 244}Pu, {sup 36}S+{sup 238}U, and {sup 48}Ca+{sup 226}Ra is studied using a two-parameter Smoluchowski equation. The evaporation residual cross sections of the reactions {sup 48}Ca+{sup 226}Ra and {sup 36}S+{sup 238}U are obviously enhanced because of their large negative Q values. The enhancement is due to the fact that the excitation energy corresponding to the maximum yield of the evaporation residue depends on the reaction Q value, and the maximum cross section sensitively depends on the increment of this excitation energy relative to the effective threshold energy of which the channel for fission after 4n emission opens.

Liu, Z. H. [China Institute of Atomic Energy, P. O. Box 275, Beijing 102413 (China); Bao, Jing-Dong [Department of Physics, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

117

Shale Oil Value Enhancement Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Raw kerogen oil is rich in heteroatom-containing compounds. Heteroatoms, N, S & O, are undesirable as components of a refinery feedstock, but are the basis for product value in agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, surfactants, solvents, polymers, and a host of industrial materials. An economically viable, technologically feasible process scheme was developed in this research that promises to enhance the economics of oil shale development, both in the US and elsewhere in the world, in particular Estonia. Products will compete in existing markets for products now manufactured by costly synthesis routes. A premium petroleum refinery feedstock is also produced. The technology is now ready for pilot plant engineering studies and is likely to play an important role in developing a US oil shale industry.

James W. Bunger

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

118

Measuring value added characteristics in feeder cattle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to quantify. The objective of this research was to measure the value of characteristics of feeder cattle sold through auction markets and special source verified feeder cattle sales, specifically the value of participating in these value added programs. Data...

Mathews, Crystal Dawn

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

119

Negative particle planar and axial channeling and channeling collimation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While information exists on high energy negative particle channeling there has been little study of the challenges of negative particle bending and channeling collimation. Partly this is because negative dechanneling lengths are relatively much shorter. Electrons are not particularly useful for investigating negative particle channeling effects because their material interactions are dominated by channeling radiation. Another important factor is that the current central challenge in channeling collimation is the proton-proton Large Hadron Collider (LHC) where both beams are positive. On the other hand in the future the collimation question might reemerge for electon-positron or muon colliders. Dechanneling lengths increase at higher energies so that part of the negative particle experimental challenge diminishes. In the article different approaches to determining negative dechanneling lengths are reviewed. The more complicated case for axial channeling is also discussed. Muon channeling as a tool to investigate dechanneling is also discussed. While it is now possible to study muon channeling it will probably not illuminate the study of negative dechanneling.

Carrigan, Richard A., Jr.; /Fermilab

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Space Charge Compensation in the Linac4 Low Energy Beam Transport Line with Negative Hydrogen Ions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The space charge effect of low energy, unbunched ion beams can be compensated by the trapping of ions or electrons into the beam potential. This has been studied for the 45 keV negative hydrogen ion beam in the CERN Linac4 Low Energy Beam Tranport (LEBT) using the package IBSimu1, which allows the space charge calculation of the particle trajectories. The results of the beam simulations will be compared to emittance measurements of an H- beam at the CERN Linac4 3 MeV test stand, where the injection of hydrogen gas directly into the beam transport region has been used to modify the space charge compensation degree.

Valerio-Lizarraga, C; Leon-Monzon, I; Lettry, J; Midttun, O; Scrivens, R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Negative learning Michael Oppenheimer & Brian C. O'Neill &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Negative learning Michael Oppenheimer & Brian C. O'Neill & Mort Webster Received: 12 January 2007. Oppenheimer Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA M. Oppenheimer (*) Department of Geosciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA e

Oppenheimer, Michael

122

Ambient Lighting Interventions REDUCE Negative Behaviors by 83% &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ambient Lighting Interventions REDUCE Negative Behaviors by 83% & INCREASE Positive Behaviors by 90 & the structural organization & physiological actions of the brain. LIGHTING is known to influence production behaviors in patients with dementia & related disorders. Quality of light in interior environments

California at Davis, University of

123

Negative pressure characteristics of an evaporating meniscus at nanoscale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study aims at understanding the characteristics of negative liquid pressures at the nanoscale using molecular dynamics simulation. A nano-meniscus is formed by placing liquid argon on a platinum wall between two ...

Maroo, Shalabh C.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

DOE: Quantifying the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report summarizes research to Quantify the Value of Hydropower in the Electric Grid. This 3-year DOE study focused on defining value of hydropower assets in a changing electric grid. Methods are described for valuation and planning of pumped storage and conventional hydropower. The project team conducted plant case studies, electric system modeling, market analysis, cost data gathering, and evaluations of operating strategies and constraints. Five other reports detailing these research results are available a project website, www.epri.com/hydrogrid. With increasing deployment of wind and solar renewable generation, many owners, operators, and developers of hydropower have recognized the opportunity to provide more flexibility and ancillary services to the electric grid. To quantify value of services, this study focused on the Western Electric Coordinating Council region. A security-constrained, unit commitment and economic dispatch model was used to quantify the role of hydropower for several future energy scenarios up to 2020. This hourly production simulation considered transmission requirements to deliver energy, including future expansion plans. Both energy and ancillary service values were considered. Addressing specifically the quantification of pumped storage value, no single value stream dominated predicted plant contributions in various energy futures. Modeling confirmed that service value depends greatly on location and on competition with other available grid support resources. In this summary, ten different value streams related to hydropower are described. These fell into three categories; operational improvements, new technologies, and electricity market opportunities. Of these ten, the study was able to quantify a monetary value in six by applying both present day and future scenarios for operating the electric grid. This study confirmed that hydropower resources across the United States contribute significantly to operation of the grid in terms of energy, capacity, and ancillary services. Many potential improvements to existing hydropower plants were found to be cost-effective. Pumped storage is the most likely form of large new hydro asset expansions in the U.S. however, justifying investments in new pumped storage plants remains very challenging with current electricity market economics. Even over a wide range of possible energy futures, up to 2020, no energy future was found to bring quantifiable revenues sufficient to cover estimated costs of plant construction. Value streams not quantified in this study may provide a different cost-benefit balance and an economic tipping point for hydro. Future studies are essential in the quest to quantify the full potential value. Additional research should consider the value of services provided by advanced storage hydropower and pumped storage at smaller time steps for integration of variable renewable resources, and should include all possible value streams such as capacity value and portfolio benefits i.e.; reducing cycling on traditional generation.

None

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

125

Estimation of common k for negative binomial distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESTIMATION OF COMMON K FOR NEGATIVE BINOMIAL DISTRIBUTIONS A Thesis LUCIANA MARTA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1982 Major... of Department) December 1982 ABSTRACT Estimation of Common k for Negative Binomial Distributions. (December 1982) Luciana Marts, B. S. , Univ. Nacional de Rosario, Argentina. Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. James H. Natis, Two aspects of estimating a...

Marta, Luciana

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Ultracompact HII Regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review some recent observational results on the properties of ultracompact HII regions, in particular the presence of extended continuum emission surrounding ultracompact sources and the discovery of a new class of so-called ``Hypercompact'' HII regions. In addition, we discuss recent attempts to probe the density structure within UC HII regions using the technique of spectral index analysis.

Stan Kurtz; Jose Franco

2001-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

127

Three-dimensional stability of dust-ion acoustic solitary waves in a magnetized multicomponent dusty plasma with negative ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using the small-k expansion perturbation method, the three-dimensional stability of dust-ion acoustic solitary waves (DIASWs) in a magnetized multicomponent dusty plasma containing negative heavy ions and stationary variable-charge dust particles is analyzed. A nonlinear Zakharov-Kuznetsov equation adequate for describing these solitary structures is derived. Moreover, the basic features of the DIASWs are studied. The determination of the stability region leads to two different cases depending on the oblique propagation angle. In addition, the growth rate of the produced waves is estimated. The increase of either the negative ion number density or their temperatures or even the number density of the dust grains results in reducing the wave growth rate. Finally, the present results should elucidate the properties of DIASWs in a multicomponent plasma with negative ions, particularly in laboratory experiment and plasma process.

El-Taibany, W. F.; El-Shamy, E. F. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Damietta Branch, P.O. 34517, Damietta El-Gedida (Egypt); El-Bedwehy, N. A. [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Damietta Branch, P.O. 34517, Damietta El-Gedida (Egypt)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Regional Slip Tendency Analysis of the Great Basin Region  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

- The resulting along?fault and fault?to?fault variation in slip or dilation potential is a proxy for along fault and fault?to?fault variation in fluid flow conduit potential. Stress Magnitudes and directions were calculated across the entire Great Basin. Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson?Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005). The minimum horizontal stress direction (Shmin) was contoured, and spatial bins with common Shmin directions were calculated. Based on this technique, we subdivided the Great Basin into nine regions (Shmin <070, 070140). Slip and dilation tendency were calculated using 3DStress for the faults within each region using the mean Shmin for the region. Shmin variation throughout Great Basin are shown on Figure 3. For faults within the Great Basin proper, we applied a normal faulting stress regime, where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax), which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin). Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin, we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46. These values are consistent with stress magnitude data at both Dixie Valley (Hickman et al., 2000) and Yucca Mountain (Stock et al., 1985). For faults within the Walker Lane/Eastern California Shear Zone, we applied a strike?slip faulting stress, where shmax > sv > shmin. Upon visual inspection of limited stress magnitude data from the Walker Lane and Eastern California Shear zone, we chose values such that SHmin/SHmax = .46 and Shmin/Sv= .527 representative of the region. Results: The results of our slip and dilation tendency analysis are shown in Figures 4 (dilation tendency), 5 (slip tendency) and 6 (slip tendency + dilation tendency). Shmin varies from northwest to east?west trending throughout much of the Great Basin. As such, north? to northeast?striking faults have the highest tendency to slip and to dilate, depending on the local trend of shmin. These results provide a first order filter on faults and fault systems in the Great Basin, affording focusing of local?scale exploration efforts for blind or hidden geothermal resources.

Faulds, James E.

129

Correlation between Median Household Income and LEED Sustainable Site Criteria for Public Transportation Access and a Regression Model Predicting Appraised Unit Value of Unimproved Parcels in Houston, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transportation access. Moreover, the regression model for predicting appraised unit value of a parcel suggested that the coefficient of Number of Light Rail Stations was positive, while the coefficient of Number of Bus Stops was negative. This result contradicted...

Ji, Qundi

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

130

Missouri Value-Added Grant Program (Missouri)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Missouri Value-Added Grant Program provides grants for projects that add value to Missouri agricultural products and aid the economy of a rural community. Grant applications will be considered...

131

A THEORY OF WASTE AND VALUE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Waste and value are ambiguous concepts, making it difficult to visualize where and how they occur in construction. This paper visualizes waste and value in construction at three scales: systemic, synergistic and discrete and from the perspectives...

Fernández-Solis, José; Rybkowski, Zofia K.

2015-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

132

CEMI Western Regional Summit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Please Join Assistant Secretary of Energy Dr. David Danielson for the Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative's Western Regional Summit. Register now for this free event.

133

Determining the Capacity Value of Wind: A Survey of Methods and Implementation; Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper focuses on methodologies for determining the capacity value of generating resources, including wind energy and summarizes several important state and regional studies. Regional transmission organizations, state utility regulatory commissions, the North American Electric Reliability Council, regional reliability councils, and increasingly, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission all advocate, call for, or in some instances, require that electric utilities and competitive power suppliers not only have enough generating capacity to meet customer demand but also have generating capacity in reserve in case customer demand is higher than expected, or if a generator or transmission line goes out of service. Although the basic concept is the same across the country, how it is implemented is strikingly different from region to region. Related to this question is whether wind energy qualifies as a capacity resource. Wind's variability makes this a matter of great debate in some regions. However, many regions accept that wind energy has some capacity value, albeit at a lower value than other energy technologies. Recently, studies have been published in California, Minnesota and New York that document that wind energy has some capacity value. These studies join other initiatives in PJM, Colorado, and in other states and regions.

Milligan, M.; Porter, K.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Device for translating negative film image to a line scan  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A negative film reader records high-resolution optical density changes across negative film radiographic images to allow precise image dimensions to be determined. A laser light source capable of high-resolution focusing is passed through an intensity control filter, focused by a lens, and reflected off a mirror to focus in the plane of the negative film. The light transmitted through the film is collected by a second lens and directed to a photo diode detector which senses the transmitted intensity. The output of the photo diode signal amplifier is sent to the Y-axis input of an X-Y recorder. The film sample is transported in a plane perpendicular to the beam axis by means of a slide. The film position is monitored, with the signal amplified and recorded as the X-axis on the X-Y recorder. The linear dimensions and positions of image components can be determined by direct measurement of the amplified recording.

Dutton, G.W.

1998-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

135

Negative kinetic energy term of general relativity and its removing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We first present a new Lagrangian of general relativity, which can be divided into kinetic energy term and potential energy term. Taking advantage of vierbein formalism, we reduce the kinetic energy term to a sum of five positive terms and one negative term. Some gauge conditions removing the negative kinetic energy term are discussed. Finally, we present a Lagrangian that only include positive kinetic energy terms. To remove the negative kinetic energy term leads to a new field equation of general relativity in which there are at least five equations of constraint and at most five dynamical equations, this characteristic is different from the normal Einstein field equation in which there are four equations of constraint and six dynamical equations.

T. Mei

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

136

Chapter 1.0: College of Engineering Values, Mission, and Vision1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

development. College of Engineering Values · Excellence · Service · Ethics & Integrity · Creativity Chapter 1.0: College of Engineering Values, Mission, and Vision1 College of Engineering Vision The College of Engineering conducts work that is purposeful with regional, national and global

137

USACE Value Engineering Manual of Practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 1 USACE Value Engineering Manual of Practice Foreward. This Value Engineering (VE) Manual of Practice has been prepared to provide guidance to USACE District Value Engineering Officers (VEOs the Project Management Plan; VE program planning, management and execution, including USACE metrics; records

US Army Corps of Engineers

138

The Offshore Services Global Value Chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Offshore Services Global Value Chain ECONOMIC UPGRADING AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT Karina & COMPETITIVENESS #12;The Offshore Services Global Value Chain: Economic Upgrading and Workforce Development "Skills & Competitiveness, Duke University Posted: November 17, 2011 #12;The Offshore Services Global Value Chain: Economic

Richardson, David

139

Earned Value Management Essentials 14 hours, $895  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Earned Value Management Essentials 14 hours, $895 A growing demand for Earned Value Management (EVM in the tenets of work planned, work accomplished, and actual work cost. Earned Value terminology, formulae Management Analysis and Reporting 14 hours, $895 Government agencies and companies doing business

Fork, Richard

140

Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) and Polar Form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: E # F and g: F # E are linear maps, then g #f and f #g always have the same non­zero eigen­ valuesChapter 2 Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) and Polar Form 2.1 Polar Form In this chapter, we. SINGULAR VALUE DECOMPOSITION (SVD) AND POLAR FORM The fact that f # # f and f # f # are self

Gallier, Jean

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Electrostatic plasma lens for focusing negatively charged particle beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the current status of ongoing research and development of the electrostatic plasma lens for focusing and manipulating intense negatively charged particle beams, electrons, and negative ions. The physical principle of this kind of plasma lens is based on magnetic isolation electrons providing creation of a dynamical positive space charge cloud in shortly restricted volume propagating beam. Here, the new results of experimental investigations and computer simulations of wide-aperture, intense electron beam focusing by plasma lens with positive space charge cloud produced due to the cylindrical anode layer accelerator creating a positive ion stream towards an axis system is presented.

Goncharov, A. A.; Dobrovolskiy, A. M.; Dunets, S. M. [Institute of Physics NAS of Ukraine, Kiev 03028, Ave. Nauki 46 (Ukraine); Litovko, I. V. [Institute for Nuclear Research NAS of Ukraine, Kiev 03650, pr. Nauki 47 (Ukraine); Gushenets, V. I.; Oks, E. M. [High-Current Electronics Institute SB of RAS, Tomsk (Russian Federation)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

Nutritional Value of Range Plants in Edwards Plateau Region of Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1357 / - . -.- -> ' e - . *- - - , .. ,, - ,* * .I. .I, ..I.. .I. - .I. , ~ ' . ' . ..I,, - - ' J. ' . ' ' ' , ' , " ' , - . * .I&.. , , ' - "'' .I' .*&" 1. *.,, 2!L.~',. .I. ,b ,t. 2L .,. ..', .o.. .'. , . ,,, ,,, ",,, d. PC. * J. 4... ..I.. - - .,, ....- , ";', ..', A - , .l. ,.l.. .I. ,I.. * "'" "'f. - .IS. of Range P in the Edwards P ateau Regicin of Texas' The Texas A&M Unlvenitv SysternoTlle Texas Agricultural Emriment Station * w l l l e P. Clarke. Director *College...

Huston, J.E.; Rector, B.S.; Merrill, L.B.; Engdahl, B.S.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

New methods for identifying value added by a regional climate model |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory | NationalJohn CyberNeutrons usedDOENewNewNewArgonne National

144

Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,442 140,948 138,6760

145

Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,442 140,948 138,67602

146

Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,442 140,948 138,676022

147

Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,442 140,948 138,6760224

148

Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,442 140,948

149

Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,442 140,9488 Capability

150

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,4422.49 Next

151

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,4422.49 Next2

152

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,4422.49 Next22

153

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,4422.49 Next224

154

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,4422.49 Next2246

155

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,4422.49 Next22468

156

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,4422.49

157

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,4422.492.3 Nonfuel

158

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,4422.492.3 Nonfuel2

159

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,4422.492.3 Nonfuel24

160

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,4422.492.3 Nonfuel246

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,4422.492.3

162

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,4422.492.34.3

163

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,4422.492.34.32

164

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: Values of Shipments and Employment Sizes;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year in Review1,213 136,422 133,4422.492.34.322

165

NREL: Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) Model - Unique Value of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and AchievementsResearchReliabilityand7Working with Us

166

HYDROGEN REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to serve as "go-to" organization to catalyze PA Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Economy development #12;FundingHYDROGEN REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAM IN PENNSYLVANIA HYDROGEN REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAM IN PENNSYLVANIA Melissa Klingenberg, PhDMelissa Klingenberg, PhD #12;Hydrogen ProgramHydrogen Program Air Products

167

Regional Analysis Briefs  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Regional Analysis Briefs (RABs) provide an overview of specific regions that play an important role in world energy markets, either directly or indirectly. These briefs cover areas that are currently major producers (Caspian Sea), have geopolitical importance (South China Sea), or may have future potential as producers or transit areas (East Africa, Eastern Mediterranean).

2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Regional Transportation Coordination Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regional Planning Commission Wanda Carter-Dyer Public Transportation Coordinator Texas Department of Transportation Councilperson Debra Martinez Briseno Cities in Calhoun County Laura G. Sanders Executive Director Golden Crescent Workforce... Regional Planning Commission Wanda Carter-Dyer Public Transportation Coordinator Texas Department of Transportation Councilperson Debra Martinez Briseno Cities in Calhoun County Laura G. Sanders Executive Director Golden Crescent Workforce...

Golden Crescent Regional Planning Commission

169

Regional Competitions - EERE Commercialization Office  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Regional Competitions Six Regional Clean Energy Business Plan Competitions are taking place across the country- representing all of the United States' distinct regions. The...

170

VOICE CONVERSION BASED ON NON-NEGATIVE MATRIX FACTORIZATION USING PHONEME-CATEGORIZED DICTIONARY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VOICE CONVERSION BASED ON NON-NEGATIVE MATRIX FACTORIZATION USING PHONEME-CATEGORIZED DICTIONARY using Non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) is employed for spectral conversion between different conversion, sparse representation, non- negative matrix factorization, sub-dictionary 1. INTRODUCTION

Takiguchi, Tetsuya

171

Polyaniline Nanocomposites with Negative Permittivity Hongbo Gu,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

permittivity are presented in detail. The reasons why these unique materials show negative permittivity materials with neg- ative permittivity are envisioned to create next-generation left-hand media for cloaking, subwavelength imaging, stealth, and invisibil- ity applications. VC 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym

Guo, John Zhanhu

172

LM137/LM337 3-Terminal Adjustable Negative Regulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LM137/LM337 3-Terminal Adjustable Negative Regulators General Description The LM137/LM337 design has been opti- mized for excellent regulation and low thermal transients. Further, the LM137 virtually blowout-proof against overloads. The LM137/LM337 serve a wide variety of applications in- cluding

Ravikumar, B.

173

LM137/LM337 3-Terminal Adjustable Negative Regulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LM137/LM337 3-Terminal Adjustable Negative Regulators General Description The LM137/LM337. The circuit design has been opti- mized for excellent regulation and low thermal transients. Further, the LM them virtually blowout-proof against overloads. The LM137/LM337 serve a wide variety of applications in

Berns, Hans-Gerd

174

LM79XX Series 3-Terminal Negative Regulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LM79XX Series 3-Terminal Negative Regulators General Description The LM79XX series of 3-terminal external component -- a compensation ca- pacitor at the output. The LM79XX series is packaged in the TO-220 conditions. Low ground pin current of the LM79XX series allows output voltage to be easily boosted above

Berns, Hans-Gerd

175

Negative quantum capacitance in graphene nanoribbons with lateral gates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Negative quantum capacitance in graphene nanoribbons with lateral gates R. Reiter1, , U. Derra2 , S numerical simulations of the capacitive coupling between graphene nanoribbons of various widths and gate electrodes in different configurations. We compare the influence of lateral metallic or graphene side gate

Florian, Libisch

176

The simplest three body system: Positronium negative ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The positron, an anti-particle of the electron, can bind with an electron to form positronium. Another electron can also bind to the positronium weakly to form a positronium negative ion. In this paper, recent progresses in the experimental studies on this ion are reviewed.

Nagashima, Yasuyuki; Michishio, Koji; Terabe, Hiroki [Department of Physics, Tokyo University of Science, 1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku, Tokyo 162-8601 (Japan)

2014-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

177

Positive and negative entropy production in thermodynamics systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article presents a heuristic combination of the local and global formulations of the second law of thermodynamics that suggests the possibility of theoretical existence of thermodynamics processes with positive and negative entropy production.Such processes may exhibit entropy couplings that reveal an unusual behavior from the point of view of conventional thermodynamics.

Jose Iraides Belandria

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

178

Cesium Delivery System for Negative Ion Source at IPR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The technique of surface production of negative ions using cesium, Cs, has been efficiently exploited over the years for producing negative ion beams with increased current densities from negative ion sources used on neutral beam lines. Deposition of Cs on the source walls and the plasma grid lowers the work function and therefore enables a higher yield of H{sup -}, when hydrogen particles (H and/or H{sub x}{sup +}) strike these surfaces.A single driver RF based (100 kW, 1 MHz) negative ion source test bed, ROBIN, is being set up at IPR under a technical collaboration between IPR and IPP, Germany. The optimization of the Cs oven design to be used on this facility as well as multidriver sources is underway. The characterization experiments of such a Cs delivery system with a 1 g Cs inventory have been carried out using surface ionization technique. The experiments have been carried by delivering Cs into a vacuum chamber without plasma. The linear motion of the surface ionization detector, SID, attached with a linear motion feedthrough allows measuring the angular distribution of the Cs coming out of the oven. Based on the experimental results, a Cs oven for ROBIN has been proposed. The Cs oven design and experimental results of the prototype Cs oven are reported and discussed in the paper.

Bansal, G.; Pandya, K.; Soni, J.; Gahlaut, A.; Parmar, K. G. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, 382 428 (India); Bandyopadhyay, M.; Chakraborty, A.; Singh, M. J. [ITER- India, Institute for Plasma Research, A-29, Sector 25, GIDC, Gandhinagar, Gujarat (India)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

179

Negative Feedback Facilitates Temperature Robustness in Biomolecular Circuit Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on circuit dynamics. Further, we find that eective negative feedback due to first-order degradation this goal of functional robustness have proceeded at multiple levels. At one level, there have been eorts, in the study of naturally occurring biomolecular circuits, robustness to the impor- tant environmental variable

Murray, Richard M.

180

Abduction with Negation as Failure for Active Databases and Agents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abduction with Negation as Failure for Active Databases and Agents Fariba Sadri and Francesca Toni suggested abductive logic programming as a suitable formalism to represent active databases and intelligent agents. In particular, abducibles and integrity constaints in abductive logic pro- grams can be used

Toni, Francesca

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Abduction with Negation as Failure for Active and Reactive Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abduction with Negation as Failure for Active and Reactive Rules Fariba Sadri and Francesca Toni suggested abductive logic programming as a suitable formalism to represent active databases and intelligent agents. In particular, abducibles in abductive logic programs can be used to repre- sent actions

Toni, Francesca

182

Negative Poisson's Ratio Behavior Induced by an Elastic Instability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's ratio, which is approximately 0.5 for rubber and 0.3 for glass and steel. Materials with a negative] prostheses,[3] piezocomposites with optimal performance[4] and foams with superior damping and acoustic foams with reentrant struc- tures,[1] hierarchical laminates,[12] polymeric and metallic foams,[13

Reis, Pedro Miguel

183

Muon collider interaction region design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Design of a muon collider interaction region (IR) presents a number of challenges arising from low {beta}* < 1 cm, correspondingly large beta-function values and beam sizes at IR magnets, as well as the necessity to protect superconducting magnets and collider detectors from muon decay products. As a consequence, the designs of the IR optics, magnets and machine-detector interface are strongly interlaced and iterative. A consistent solution for the 1.5 TeV c.o.m. muon collider IR is presented. It can provide an average luminosity of 10{sup 34} cm{sup -2}s{sup -1} with an adequate protection of magnet and detector components.

Alexahin, Y.I.; Gianfelice-Wendt, E.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Mokhov, N.V.; Zlobin, A.V.; /Fermilab; Alexakhin, V.Y.; /Dubna, JINR

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerobic gram-negative bacilli Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the trophic interaction between free-living protozoa and Gram-negative bacte- ria... in the training range soil ...8 Figure 6. PLFA biomarkers for Gram-negative...

185

Experimental validation of the dual positive and negative ion beam acceleration in the plasma propulsion with electronegative gases thruster  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The PEGASES (Plasma Propulsion with Electronegative Gases) thruster is a gridded ion thruster, where both positive and negative ions are accelerated to generate thrust. In this way, additional downstream neutralization by electrons is redundant. To achieve this, the thruster accelerates alternately positive and negative ions from an ion-ion plasma where the electron density is three orders of magnitude lower than the ion densities. This paper presents a first experimental study of the alternate acceleration in PEGASES, where SF{sub 6} is used as the working gas. Various electrostatic probes are used to investigate the source plasma potential and the energy, composition, and current of the extracted beams. We show here that the plasma potential control in such system is key parameter defining success of ion extraction and is sensitive to both parasitic electron current paths in the source region and deposition of sulphur containing dielectric films on the grids. In addition, large oscillations in the ion-ion plasma potential are found in the negative ion extraction phase. The oscillation occurs when the primary plasma approaches the grounded parts of the main core via sub-millimetres technological inputs. By controlling and suppressing the various undesired effects, we achieve perfect ion-ion plasma potential control with stable oscillation-free operation in the range of the available acceleration voltages (±350?V). The measured positive and negative ion currents in the beam are about 10?mA for each component at RF power of 100?W and non-optimized extraction system. Two different energy analyzers with and without magnetic electron suppression system are used to measure and compare the negative and positive ion and electron fluxes formed by the thruster. It is found that at alternate ion-ion extraction the positive and negative ion energy peaks are similar in areas and symmetrical in position with +/? ion energy corresponding to the amplitude of the applied acceleration voltage.

Rafalskyi, Dmytro, E-mail: dmytro.rafalskyi@lpp.polytechnique.fr; Popelier, Lara; Aanesland, Ane [Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas, CNRS, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, Univ Paris-Sud, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau (France)

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

186

Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) and Polar Form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

g always have the same non-zero eigen- values! Furthermore, if E = F, then 0 is an eigenvalue for fChapter 2 Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) and Polar Form 2.1 Polar Form In this chapter, we = f(u), f(v) = u, (f f)(v) . Similarly, f f is self-adjoint. 29 #12;30 CHAPTER 2. SINGULAR VALUE

Gallier, Jean

187

Mineralogy of Latosols along a regional toposequence across the Central Plateau (Brazil): First results.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mineralogy of Latosols along a regional toposequence across the Central Plateau (Brazil): First results of the mineralogical characterization of Brazilian Latosols located along a regional topossequence estimated using the soil color (hue, value and chrome). The mineralogical composition of the

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

188

Review of Value and Lean in Complex Product Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

schedule. Earned Value [PMI, 1996] Value is defined as the sum of financial values of intermediate project deliverables. Used as a measure of project performance, comparing the value of work planned with the value delivered. Project Value [Zhai, 2009...

Siyam, Ghadir I.; Wynn, David C.; Clarkson, P. John

2015-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

Capacity Value of Concentrating Solar Power Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study estimates the capacity value of a concentrating solar power (CSP) plant at a variety of locations within the western United States. This is done by optimizing the operation of the CSP plant and by using the effective load carrying capability (ELCC) metric, which is a standard reliability-based capacity value estimation technique. Although the ELCC metric is the most accurate estimation technique, we show that a simpler capacity-factor-based approximation method can closely estimate the ELCC value. Without storage, the capacity value of CSP plants varies widely depending on the year and solar multiple. The average capacity value of plants evaluated ranged from 45%?90% with a solar multiple range of 1.0-1.5. When introducing thermal energy storage (TES), the capacity value of the CSP plant is more difficult to estimate since one must account for energy in storage. We apply a capacity-factor-based technique under two different market settings: an energy-only market and an energy and capacity market. Our results show that adding TES to a CSP plant can increase its capacity value significantly at all of the locations. Adding a single hour of TES significantly increases the capacity value above the no-TES case, and with four hours of storage or more, the average capacity value at all locations exceeds 90%.

Madaeni, S. H.; Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Converting Biomass to High-Value Feedstocks  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Converting Biomass to High-Value Feedstocks Advanced feedstocks play an important role in economically and efficiently converting biomass into bioenergy products. Advanced...

191

Optimization problems with value function objectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

max programming problem and the bilevel optimization problem. In this paper, we ... 1. Introduction. An optimization problem with value function objective is a.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Solar Energy and Capacity Value (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a one-page, two-sided fact sheet on the capacity of solar power to provide value to utilities and power system operators.

Not Available

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Regional Districts (Texas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Adjacent Water Control and Improvement Districts and Municipal Utility Districts can opt to form a Regional District to oversee water issues. Such districts may be created:(1) to purchase, own,...

194

Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE has created a network of seven Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (RCSPs) to help develop the technology, infrastructure, and regulations to implement large-scale CO2 storage (also...

195

Iron abundance in HII regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical CCD spectra are used to determine the Fe abundances at several positions inside seven bright Galactic HII regions. The observed [FeIII] line ratios are compared with the predictions of different sets of collision strengths and transition probabilities for this ion to select the atomic data providing the best fit to the observations. The values found for the Fe++ and Fe+ abundances, along with ionization correction factors for the contribution of Fe3+, obtained from available grids of photoionized models, imply that the Fe/O ratio in the ionized gas is between 2% and 30% of solar. The Fe abundances derived for each area are correlated both with the degree of ionization and the colour excess. A possible explanation is suggested, namely the presence of a population of small grains, probably originating from the fragmentation of larger grains. These small grains would release Fe atoms into the gas after the absorption of energetic photons; the small grains surviving this destruction process would be swept out of the ionized region by the action of radiation pressure or stellar winds. An indication of a further and more efficient destruction agent is given by the high Fe abundance derived for a position sampling the optical jet H399 in M20, where dust destruction due to shock waves has presumably taken place.

M. Rodriguez

2002-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

196

Negative-U centers as a basis of topological edge channels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the findings of the studies of the silicon sandwich nanostructure that represents the high mobility ultranarrow silicon quantum well of the p-type (Si-QW), 2 nm, confined by the ?-barriers, 3 nm, heavily doped with boron on the n-type Si (100) surface. The ESR studies show that nanostructured ?-barriers confining the Si-QW consist predominantly of the dipole negative-U centers of boron, which are caused by the reconstruction of the shallow boron acceptors along the <111> crystallographic axis, 2B{sup 0}?B{sup +}+B{sup ?}. The electrically ordered chains of dipole negative-U centers of boron in the ?-barriers appear to give rise to the topological edge states separated vertically, because the value of the longitudinal, G{sub xx}?=?4e{sup 2}/h, and transversal, G{sub xy}?=?e{sup 2}/h, conductance measured at extremely low drain-source current indicates the exhibition of the Quantum Spin Hall effect. Besides, the Aharonov-Casher conductance oscillations and the “0.7?(2e{sup 2}/h)-feature” obtained are evidence of the interplay of the spontaneous spin polarisation and the Rashba spin-orbit interaction that is attributable to the formation of the topological edge channels. We discuss the phenomenological model of the topological edge channel which can demonstrate the ballistic, Aharonov-Chasher effect or Josephson junction behaviour in dependence on the disorder in the distribution of the negative-U dipole centers in the upper and down d-barriers.

Bagraev, Nikolay; Danilovskii, Eduard; Klyachkin, Leonid; Kudryavtsev, Andrey; Malyarenko, Anna [Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, Polytekhnicheskaya 26, 194021 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Gehlhoff, Wolfgang [Technische Universitaet Berlin, D-10623, Berlin (Germany); Mashkov, Vladimir [St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University, Polytekhnicheskaya 29, 195251 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

197

Bounds on negative energy densities in static space-times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Certain exotic phenomena in general relativity, such as backward time travel, appear to require the presence of matter with negative energy. While quantum fields are a possible source of negative energy densities, there are lower bounds - known as quantum inequalities - that constrain their duration and magnitude. In this paper, we derive new quantum inequalities for scalar fields in static space-times, as measured by static observers with a choice of sampling function. Unlike those previously derived by Pfenning and Ford, our results do not assume any specific sampling function. We then calculate these bounds in static three- and four-dimensional Robertson-Walker universes, the de Sitter universe, and the Schwarzschild black hole. In each case, the new inequality is stronger than that of Pfenning and Ford for their particular choice of sampling function.

Christopher J. Fewster; Edward Teo

1999-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

198

Negative spectrum of the 2+1 black hole  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In (2+1)-dimensional gravity with negative cosmological constant, the states in the negative energy range, between anti-de Sitter (AdS) (M=-1) and the so-called Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black hole (M{>=}0), correspond to topological defects with angular deficit 0<{alpha}<2{pi}. These defects are produced by (static or spinning) 0-branes which, in the extreme case Ml=-|J|, admit globally-defined covariantly constant spinors. Thus, these branes correspond to Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield solitons and are stable ground state candidates for the corresponding supersymmetric extension of 2+1 AdS gravity. These branes constitute external currents that couple in a gauge-invariant way to three-dimensional AdS gravity.

Miskovic, Olivera; Zanelli, Jorge [Instituto de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Casilla 4059, Valparaiso (Chile); Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Casilla 1469, Valdivia (Chile)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

199

Observation of the negative muonium ion in vacuum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The negative muonium ion (M/sup /minus//), which is the bound system of a positive muon and two electrons, has been produced and observed for the first time. Its counterpart H/sup /minus// is well known, and spectroscopy and collision studies with H/sup /minus// have yielded many fruitful results. Noteworthy are recent investigations of the photoionization of a relativistic H/sup /minus// beam. The negative positronium ion has also been formed and observed. The discovery of M/sup /minus// provides us with a new leptonic system for spectroscopy and collision studies, which may reveal interesting physics associated with mass effects. Since M/sup /minus// is a charged particle, it can also be used to produce a beam of exotic atoms with a small phase space. This dissertation is a detailed account of the observation of M/sup /minus//. 93 refs., 54 figs., 18 tabs.

Kuang, Yunan

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

A Multi-Sample Cs-Sputter Negative Ion Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multi-sample Cs sputter negative-ion source, equipped with a conical-geometry, W-surface-ionizer has been designed and fabricated that permits sample changes without disruption of on-line accelerator operation. Sample changing is effected by actuating an electro-pneumatic control system located at ground potential that drives an air-motor-driven sample-indexing-system mounted at high voltage; this arrangement avoids complications associated with indexing mechanisms that rely on electronic power-supplies located at high potential. In-beam targets are identified by LED indicator lights derived from a fiber-optic, Gray-code target-position sensor. Aspects of the overall source design and details of the indexing mechanism along with operational parameters, ion optics. intensities, and typical emittances for a variety of negative-ion species will be presented in this report.

Alton, G.D.; Ball, J.A.; Bao, Y.; Cui, B.; Reed, C.A.; Williams, C.

1998-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Two Essays on the Value of Cash  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the dollar: $1.00 of cash has a value of $1.27 when it is from operations, $0.80 when from financing, and $0.46 when from investing. Within the same source, the marginal value of an added dollar of cash holdings is significantly higher than the absolute...

Tippens, Timothy

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

202

Sorption heat engines: simple inanimate negative entropy generators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The name 'sorption heat engines' is proposed for simple negative entropy generators that are driven by thermal cycling and work on alternating adsorption and desorption. These generators are in general not explicitly recognized as heat engines. Their mechanism is applicable to the fields of engineering, physics, chemistry, geology, and biology, in particular the origin of life. Four kinds of sorption heat engines are distinguished depending on the occurrence of changes in the adsorbent or adsorbate during the thermal cycle.

Anthonie W. J. Muller; Dirk Schulze-Makuch

2005-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

203

Space charge compensation in the Linac4 low energy beam transport line with negative hydrogen ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The space charge effect of low energy, unbunched ion beams can be compensated by the trapping of ions or electrons into the beam potential. This has been studied for the 45 keV negative hydrogen ion beam in the CERN Linac4 Low Energy Beam Transport using the package IBSimu [T. Kalvas et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 02B703 (2010)], which allows the space charge calculation of the particle trajectories. The results of the beam simulations will be compared to emittance measurements of an H{sup ?} beam at the CERN Linac4 3 MeV test stand, where the injection of hydrogen gas directly into the beam transport region has been used to modify the space charge compensation degree.

Valerio-Lizarraga, Cristhian A., E-mail: cristhian.alfonso.valerio.lizarraga@cern.ch [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Departamento de Investigación en Física, Universidad de Sonora, Hermosillo (Mexico); Lallement, Jean-Baptiste; Lettry, Jacques; Scrivens, Richard [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)] [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Leon-Monzon, Ildefonso [Facultad de Ciencias Fisico-Matematicas, Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa, Culiacan (Mexico)] [Facultad de Ciencias Fisico-Matematicas, Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa, Culiacan (Mexico); Midttun, Øystein [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland) [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); University of Oslo, Oslo (Norway)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

204

Development of the Long Pulse Negative Ion Source for ITER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A model of the ion source designed for the neutral beam injectors of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), the KAMABOKO III ion source, is being tested on the MANTIS test stand at the DRFC Cadarache in collaboration with JAERI, Japan, who designed and supplied the ion source. The ion source is attached to a 3 grid 30 keV accelerator (also supplied by JAERI) and the accelerated negative ion current is determined from the energy deposited on a calorimeter located 1.6 m from the source.During experiments on MANTIS three adverse effects of long pulse operation were found: The negative ion current to the calorimeter is {approx_equal}50% of that obtained from short pulse operation Increasing the plasma grid (PG) temperature results in {<=}40% enhancement in negative ion yield, substantially below that reported for short pulse operation, {>=}100%. The caesium 'consumption' is up to 1500 times that expected.Results presented here indicate that each of these is, at least partially, explained by thermal effects. Additionally presented are the results of a detailed characterisation of the source, which enable the most efficient mode of operation to be identified.

Hemsworth, R.S.; Svensson, L.; Esch, H.P.L. de; Krylov, A.; Massmann, P. [Association EURATOM-CEA, CEA/DSM/DRFC, CEA-Cadarache, 13108 St Paul-lez-Durance (France); Boilson, D. [Association EURATOM-DCU, PRL/NCPST, Glasnevin, Dublin 13 (Ireland); Fanz, U. [Association EURATOM-IPP, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik D-85748 Garching (Germany); Zaniol, B. [CONSORZIO RFX Association EURATOM-ENEA, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 Padova (Italy)

2005-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

205

Plasma diagnostic tools for optimizing negative hydrogen ion sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The powerful diagnostic tool of optical emission spectroscopy is used to measure the plasma parameters in negative hydrogen ion sources based on the surface mechanism. Results for electron temperature, electron density, atomic-to-molecular hydrogen density ratio, and gas temperature are presented for two types of sources, a rf source and an arc source, which are currently under development for a neutral beam heating system of ITER. The amount of cesium in the plasma volume is obtained from cesium radiation: the Cs neutral density is five to ten orders of magnitude lower than the hydrogen density and the Cs ion density is two to three orders of magnitude lower than the electron density in front of the grid. It is shown that monitoring of cesium lines is very useful for monitoring the cesium balance in the source. From a line-ratio method negative ion densities are determined. In a well-conditioned source the negative ion density is of the same order of magnitude as the electron density and correlates with extracted current densities.

Fantz, U.; Falter, H.D.; Franzen, P.; Speth, E.; Hemsworth, R.; Boilson, D.; Krylov, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, Boltzmannstrasse 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); CEA-Cadarache, EURATOM Association, F-13108 St. Paul-lez-Durance (France); Association EURATOM-DCU, PRL/NCST, Glasnevin, Dublin 13 (Ireland); RRC Kurchatov Institute, 1 Kurchatov Square, Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation)

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

206

Monogamy inequality in terms of negativity for three-qubit states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose an entanglement measure to quantify three-qubit entanglement in terms of negativity. A monogamy inequality analogous to the Coffman-Kundu-Wootters inequality is established. This consequently leads to a definition of residual entanglement, which is referred to as the three-{pi} in order to distinguish it from the three-tangle. The three-{pi} is proved to be a natural entanglement measure. By contrast to the three-tangle, it is shown that the three-{pi} always gives greater than zero values for pure states belonging to the W and Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger classes, implying that three-way entanglement always exists for them; the three-tangle generally underestimates the three-way entanglement of a given system. This investigation will offer an alternative tool to understand genuine multipartite entanglement.

Ou, Y.-C.; Fan Heng [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China)

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

207

Negative-parity {Lambda}{sub Q} baryons in the baryon-meson continuum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The negative-parity charmed baryons are investigated by employing the quark model as well as the effective baryon meson model with a bound state embedded in the continuum. Especially the mass difference between the J{sup P} 1/2{sup -} and 3/2{sup -}{Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} baryons is discussed. The observed value of this mass splitting is almost the same as that of {Xi}{sub c}, about 30 MeV. It is found that most of this splitting can be reproduced by assuming a simple qqQ configuration. The coupling to the baryon-meson scattering state may enlarge the splitting as it does for the {Lambda}(1405)(1/2{sup -}) and {Lambda}(1520)(3/2{sup -}) case. We investigate this coupling effect and find that with an appropriately modified coupling or the pole energy, the peak can be reproduced.

Takeuchi, Sachiko [Japan College of Social Work, Kiyose, Tokyo, 204-8555 (Japan); Takizawa, Makoto [Showa Pharmaceutical University, Machida, Tokyo, 194-8543 (Japan); Shimizu, Kiyotaka [Department of Physics, Sophia University, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8554 (Japan)

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

208

Crossover of phase qubit dynamics in presence of negative-result weak measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coherent dynamics of a superconducting phase qubit is considered in the presence of both unitary evolution due to microwave driving and continuous non-unitary collapse due to negative-result measurement. In the case of a relatively weak driving, the qubit dynamics is dominated by the non-unitary evolution, and the qubit state tends to an asymptotically stable point on the Bloch sphere. This dynamics can be clearly distinguished from conventional decoherence by tracking the state purity and the measurement invariant (``murity''). When the microwave driving strength exceeds certain critical value, the dynamics changes to non-decaying oscillations: any initial state returns exactly to itself periodically in spite of non-unitary dynamics. The predictions can be verified using a modification of a recent experiment.

Rusko Ruskov; Ari Mizel; Alexander N. Korotkov

2006-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

209

Northeast Regional Biomass Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Northeast Regional Biomass Program has been in operation for a period of nine years. During this time, state managed programs and technical programs have been conducted covering a wide range of activities primarily aim at the use and applications of wood as a fuel. These activities include: assessments of available biomass resources; surveys to determine what industries, businesses, institutions, and utility companies use wood and wood waste for fuel; and workshops, seminars, and demonstrations to provide technical assistance. In the Northeast, an estimated 6.2 million tons of wood are used in the commercial and industrial sector, where 12.5 million cords are used for residential heating annually. Of this useage, 1504.7 mw of power has been generated from biomass. The use of wood energy products has had substantial employment and income benefits in the region. Although wood and woodwaste have received primary emphasis in the regional program, the use of municipal solid waste has received increased emphasis as an energy source. The energy contribution of biomass will increase as potentia users become more familiar with existing feedstocks, technologies, and applications. The Northeast Regional Biomass Program is designed to support region-specific to overcome near-term barriers to biomass energy use.

Lusk, P.D.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Lithium aluminum/iron sulfide battery having lithium aluminum and silicon as negative electrode  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of making a negative electrode, the electrode made thereby and a secondary electrochemical c

Gilbert, M.; Kaun, T.

1984-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

211

Regional companies eye growth  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar HomePromising ScienceRecentRegional companies eye growth Regional

212

Value iteration for (switched) homogeneous systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this note, we prove that dynamic programming value iteration converges uniformly for discrete-time homogeneous systems and continuous-time switched homogeneous systems. For discrete-time homogeneous systems, rather than ...

Dahleh, Munther A.

213

Value creation through modernizing Chinese medicine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

My first hypothesis in this thesis is that there is significant value vested in traditional Chinese medicine that can be captured by converting them into ethical drugs through scientific analysis, screening and validation. ...

Sun, Lizhe

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Ecovillages, Values, and Information Technology: Balancing Sustainability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ecovillages, Values, and Information Technology: Balancing Sustainability with Daily Life in 21st of technology with a lifestyle that is environmentally, socially, and economically sustainable. Anticipated environment? This study investigates the negotiability of interactive technology through the following

Anderson, Richard

215

Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Value-Added Stock Loan Participation Program was created in 1994 and is designed to help farmers finance the purchase of stock in certain types of cooperative, limited liability company, or...

216

Capturing value from Item Unique Identification (IUID)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Department of Defense has issued a mandate aimed at improving its capabilities in determining the location, value, quantity, and condition of government assets. The mandate requires marking specified assemblies and ...

Salamini, Alexey

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

MFR PAPER 1071 Valued for meat and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

F isheries Service, NOAA, Honolulu, HI 96812. have an ex-vessel value in Koror, Palau Islands Reef (Fig. I). a mall atoll to the south-southwest of th e Palau Islands in the Palau Oi tnct. W estern

218

Nonlinear boundary value problem of magnetic insulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the basis of generalization of upper and lower solution method to the singular two point boundary value problems, the existence theorem of solutions for the system, which models a process of magnetic insulation in plasma is proved.

A. V. Sinitsyn

2000-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

219

Regional Report Issue Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regional Report Introduction The economy of the United States is more than three and one-half years accounting for both increasing shares of the economy and of recessionary employment losses. Manufacturing, driven by globalization and advancing information technology. Recoveries now produce jobs new

220

architecture architecture urban & regional  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in architectural design, history, building construction, structures, and environmental technology from ourlandscape architecture architecture urban & regional planning environment + design college of fine-disciplinary studies. 18-to-1 Student-Teacher Ratio You'll enjoy individual, one-on-one attention in your architecture

Hwu, Wen-mei W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Value of the energy data base  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An assessment was made of the Energy Data Base (EDB) of the Department of Energy's Technical Information Center (TIC). As the major resource containing access information to the world's energy literature, EDB products and services are used extensively by energy researchers to identify journal articles, technical reports and other items of potential utility in their work. The approach taken to assessing value begins with the measurement of extent of use of the EDB. Apparent value is measured in terms of willingness to pay. Consequential value is measured in terms of effect - for searching, the cost of reading which results; and for reading, the savings which result from the application of the information obtained in reading. Resulting estimates of value reflect value to the searchers, the reader, and the reader's organization or funding source. A survey of the 60,000 scientists and eingineers funded by the DOE shows that annually they read about 7.1 million journal articles and 6.6 million technical reports. A wide range of savings values were reported for one-fourth of all article readings and three-fourths of all report readings. There was an average savings of $590 per reading of all articles; there was an average savings of $1280 for technical reports. The total annual savings attributable to reading by DOE-funded scientists and engineers is estimated to be about $13 billion. An investment of $5.3 billion in the generation of information and about $500 million in processing and using information yields a partial return of about $13 billion. Overall, this partial return on investment is about 2.2 to 1. In determining the value of EDB only those searches and readings directly attributable to it are included in the analysis. The values are $20 million to the searchers, $117 million to the readers and $3.6 billion to DOE.

King, D.W.; Griffiths, J.M.; Roderer, N.K.; Wiederkehr, R.R.V.

1982-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

222

Verbal Aspect and Negation in Russian and Czech  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

napisal novoe pis'mo, serde?no poblagodaril otca, skrupulezno pere?islil svoi minimal'nye rasxody i pokazal, kak èto malo. Otec s prokljatijami dobavil desjat' rublej. Bol'še iz nego Alik ne vyžal pf . (Rus; Meril 1985: 132–33) ‘Alik wrote a new... not spoil it.’ Aspect and Negation in Russian and Czech 24 (13) a. Otec ne razrešal ipf emu privodit' v dom devušek, no do?' narodnogo komisara — šutka skazat'! Takoj u Jurija ne bylo. (Rus; DA: 40) b. Otec Jurovi nedovoloval ipf , aby si...

Dickey, Stephen M.; Kresin, Susan C.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Observation of negative absolute resistance in a Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We experimentally demonstrate the occurrence of negative absolute resistance (NAR) up to about $-1\\Omega$ in response to an externally applied dc current for a shunted Nb-Al/AlO$_x$-Nb Josephson junction, exposed to a microwave current at frequencies in the GHz range. The realization (or not) of NAR depends crucially on the amplitude of the applied microwave current. Theoretically, the system is described by means of the resistively and capacitively shunted junction model in terms of a moderately damped, classical Brownian particle dynamics in a one-dimensional potential. We find excellent agreement of the experimental results with numerical simulations of the model.

J. Nagel; D. Speer; T. Gaber; A. Sterck; R. Eichhorn; P. Reimann; K. Ilin; M. Siegel; D. Koelle; R. Kleiner

2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

224

Electron Rescattering in Above-Threshold Photodetachment of Negative Ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present experimental and theoretical results on photodetachment of Br{sup -} and F{sup -} in a strong infrared laser field. The observed photoelectron spectra of Br{sup -} exhibit a high-energy plateau along the laser polarization direction, which is identified as being due to the rescattering effect. The shape and the extension of the plateau is found to be influenced by the depletion of negative ions during the interaction with the laser pulse. Our findings represent the first observation of electron rescattering in above-threshold photodetachment of an atomic system with a short-range potential.

Gazibegovic-Busuladzic, A. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Milosevic, D. B. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Becker, W. [Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Bergues, B.; Hultgren, H.; Kiyan, I. Yu. [Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet, D-79104 Freiburg (Germany)

2010-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

225

Lifetimes of negative parity states in {sup 168}Er  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using the GRID method the lifetimes of 12 states belonging to four negative parity bands in {sup 168}Er were measured at the high flux reactor of the Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL). For K{sup {pi}}=0{sub 1}{sup -} and K{sup {pi}}=2{sub 1}{sup -} bands the absolute E1 transitions are in agreement with those obtained within the framework of the sdf IBA-1 model and their octupole vibrational character is confirmed. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

Genilloud, L. [Institut de Physique, Universite de Fribourg, Perolles, CH-1700 Fribourg, (Switzerland)] [Institut de Physique, Universite de Fribourg, Perolles, CH-1700 Fribourg, (Switzerland); Jolie, J. [Institut de Physique, Universite de Fribourg, Perolles, CH-1700 Fribourg, (Switzerland)] [Institut de Physique, Universite de Fribourg, Perolles, CH-1700 Fribourg, (Switzerland); Boerner, H. G. [Institut Laue-Langevin, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, (France)] [Institut Laue-Langevin, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, (France); Lehmann, H. [Institut Laue-Langevin, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, (France)] [Institut Laue-Langevin, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9, (France); Becvar, F. [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, CZ-180 00 Prague 8, (Czech Republic)] [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, CZ-180 00 Prague 8, (Czech Republic); Krticka, M. [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, CZ-180 00 Prague 8, (Czech Republic)] [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, CZ-180 00 Prague 8, (Czech Republic); Zamfir, N. V. [WNSL, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States) [WNSL, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States); Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts 01610 (United States); Casten, R. F. [WNSL, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States)] [WNSL, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States)

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Positive, Negative and Neutral Law of Universal Gravitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: According to the viewpoints of “one divides into two”, “one divides into three” (e.g. Neutrosophy) and “one divides into many”, at present there exist six kinds of matter in the universe altogether (one divides into six). If there exists the ordinary matter (called matter for short), there must exist its opposite. However there may exist more than one kind of its opposite, today the known opposites of matter may be the antimatter and dark matter; Other three kinds of matter are the neutral ones: the first neutral matter between matter and antimatter (Prof. Smarandache named it unmatter), the second neutral matter between matter and dark matter, and the third neutral matter between antimatter and dark matter. Similarly, if there exists the original “law of universal gravitation” (positive law of universal gravitation), there must exist its opposites (negative laws of universal gravitation), and the neutral ones (neutral laws of universal gravitation). According to this analysis, it is impossible to find the unified and ultimate gravitational theory. Key words: One divides into two; one divides into three; one divides into many; Neutrosophy; six kinds of matter; positive (original) law of universal gravitation; negative law of universal gravitation; neutral law of universal gravitation 1

Fu Yuhua; Fu Anjie; Zhao Ge

227

Ris0-M-2829 2 Extreme Values ofWind Speeds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ris0-M-2829 2 Extreme Values ofWind Speeds overthe Great Belt Region N.O. Jensen and B. Nielsen Ris events 9 4 Extrapolation to the 50-year storm 11 5 Discussion of the 50-year wind 15 6 Crosswind extremes for extreme values of wind speeds. The data material was obtained from a 70-m mast on a small island, Sprog0

228

Microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device comprises a microfabricated gas chromatography column in combination with a catalytic microcalorimeter. The microcalorimeter can comprise a reference thermal conductivity sensor to provide diagnostics and surety. Using microfabrication techniques, the device can be manufactured in production quantities at a low per-unit cost. The microfabricated fuel heating value monitoring device enables continuous calorimetric determination of the heating value of natural gas with a 1 minute analysis time and 1.5 minute cycle time using air as a carrier gas. This device has applications in remote natural gas mining stations, pipeline switching and metering stations, turbine generators, and other industrial user sites. For gas pipelines, the device can improve gas quality during transfer and blending, and provide accurate financial accounting. For industrial end users, the device can provide continuous feedback of physical gas properties to improve combustion efficiency during use.

Robinson, Alex L. (Albuquerque, NM); Manginell, Ronald P. (Albuquerque, NM); Moorman, Matthew W. (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

229

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

world best practice energy intensity values for productionWorld best practice energy intensity values for productionWorld Best Practice Final Energy Intensity Values for Aluminium Production (

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Best Practice Final Energy Intensity Values for Stand-AloneBest Practice Final Energy Intensity Values for Stand-AloneBest Practice Primary Energy Intensity Values for Stand-

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

A Numerical Investigation of the Potential for Negative Emissions Leakage*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

toward a global response to climate change. To this end, the Program brings together an interdisciplinary: Massachusetts Institute of Technology 77 Massachusetts Avenue, E19-411 Cambridge, MA 02139 (USA) Location reduced energy demand in constrained regions decreases fuel prices and increases fuel use in unconstrained

232

Negative-mass Instability in Nonlinear Plasma Waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The negative-mass instability (NMI), previously found in ion traps, appears as a distinct regime of the sideband instability in nonlinear plasma waves with trapped particles. As the bounce frequency of these particles decreases with the bounce action, bunching can occur if the action distribution is inverted in trapping islands. In contrast to existing theories that also infer instabilities from the anharmonicity of bounce oscillations, spatial periodicity of the islands turns out to be unimportant, and the particle distribution can be unstable even if it is at at the resonance. An analytical model is proposed which describes both single traps and periodic nonlinear waves and concisely generalizes the conventional description of the sideband instability in plasma waves. The theoretical results are supported by particle-in-cell simulations carried out for a regime accentuating the NMI effect.

I.Y. Dodin, P.F. Schmit, J. Rocks and N.J. Fisch

2013-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

233

Negative-frequency modes in quantum field theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a departure from standard quantum field theory, constructed so as to permit momentum eigenstates of both positive and negative energy. The resulting theory is intriguing because it brings about the cancellation of leading ultra-violet divergences and the absence of a zero-point energy. The theory gives rise to tree-level source-to-source transition amplitudes that are manifestly causal and consistent with standard S-matrix elements. It also leads to the usual result for the oblique corrections to the standard electroweak theory. Remarkably, the latter agreement relies on the breakdown of naive perturbation theory due to resonance effects. It remains to be shown that there are no problems with perturbative unitarity.

Dickinson, Robert; Millington, Peter

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Negative-frequency modes in quantum field theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a departure from standard quantum field theory, constructed so as to permit momentum eigenstates of both positive and negative energy. The resulting theory is intriguing because it brings about the cancellation of leading ultra-violet divergences and the absence of a zero-point energy. The theory gives rise to tree-level source-to-source transition amplitudes that are manifestly causal and consistent with standard S-matrix elements. It also leads to the usual result for the oblique corrections to the standard electroweak theory. Remarkably, the latter agreement relies on the breakdown of naive perturbation theory due to resonance effects. It remains to be shown that there are no problems with perturbative unitarity.

Robert Dickinson; Jeff Forshaw; Peter Millington

2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

235

Multiple delivery cesium oven system for negative ion sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Distribution of cesium in large negative ion beam sources to be operational in ITER, is presently based on the use of three or more cesium ovens, which operate simultaneously and are controlled remotely. However, use of multiple Cs ovens simultaneously is likely to pose difficulties in operation and maintenance of the ovens. An alternate method of Cs delivery, based on a single oven distribution system is proposed as one which could reduce the need of simultaneous operation of many ovens. A proof of principle experiment verifying the concept of a multinozzle distributor based Cs oven has been carried out at Institute for Plasma Research. It is also observed that the Cs flux is not controlled by Cs reservoir temperature after few hours of operation but by the temperature of the distributor which starts behaving as a Cs reservoir.

Bansal, G.; Bhartiya, S.; Pandya, K.; Bandyopadhyay, M.; Singh, M. J.; Soni, J.; Gahlaut, A.; Parmar, K. G.; Chakraborty, A. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382428 (India)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Trapping and aerogelation of nanoparticles in negative gravity hydrocarbon flames  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the experimental realization of continuous carbon aerogel production using a flame aerosol reactor by operating it in negative gravity (?g; up-side-down configuration). Buoyancy opposes the fuel and air flow forces in ?g, which eliminates convectional outflow of nanoparticles from the flame and traps them in a distinctive non-tipping, flicker-free, cylindrical flame body, where they grow to millimeter-size aerogel particles and gravitationally fall out. Computational fluid dynamics simulations show that a closed-loop recirculation zone is set up in ?g flames, which reduces the time to gel for nanoparticles by ?10{sup 6}?s, compared to positive gravity (upward rising) flames. Our results open up new possibilities of one-step gas-phase synthesis of a wide variety of aerogels on an industrial scale.

Chakrabarty, Rajan K., E-mail: rajan.chakrabarty@gmail.com [Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States); Laboratory for Aerosol Science, Spectroscopy, and Optics, Desert Research Institute, Nevada System of Higher Education, Reno, Nevada 89512 (United States); Novosselov, Igor V. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Enertechnix Inc., Maple Valley, Washington 98068 (United States); Beres, Nicholas D.; Moosmüller, Hans [Laboratory for Aerosol Science, Spectroscopy, and Optics, Desert Research Institute, Nevada System of Higher Education, Reno, Nevada 89512 (United States); Sorensen, Christopher M. [Condensed Matter Laboratory, Department of Physics, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506 (United States); Stipe, Christopher B. [TSI Incorporated, 500 Cardigan Rd, Shoreview, Minnesota 55126 (United States)

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

237

Clean positive operator valued measures Francesco Buscemia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clean positive operator valued measures Francesco Buscemia and Michael Keylb Dipartimento di Fisica Fisica "A. Volta," QUIT Group, via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia, Italy, and Department of Electrical di Fisica della Materia, QUIT Group, Unità di Pavia, Dipartimento di Fisica "A. Volta," via Bassi 6

D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro

238

The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture Gregory Graff, Ryan Mortenson, Rebecca Goldbach, Dawn of Agricultural and Resource Economics, College of Agricultural Sciences, and the Office of Engagement Colorado by support from the Colorado Department of Agriculture and the Colorado State University Office of Engagement

239

The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Value Chain of Colorado Agriculture Gregory Graff, Ryan Mortenson, Rebecca Goldbach, Dawn of Agricultural and Resource Economics, College of Agricultural Sciences, and the Office of Engagement Colorado the Colorado Department of Agriculture and the Colorado State University Office of Engagement. The authors

Stephens, Graeme L.

240

Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values Mass 1 kg = 1000 g = 0.001 metric ton = 2·R 10.73 psia·ft3 lbmol·R 62.36 liter·torr mol·K 0.7302 ft3·atm lbmol·R Temperature Conversions: T

Ashurst, W. Robert

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241

Blue Care Elect Enhanced Value (PPO)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blue Care Elect SM Enhanced Value (PPO) Summary of Benefits Williams College An Association of Independent Blue Cross and Blue Shield Plans This health plan meets Minimum Creditable Coverage Standards of your directory, call Member Service at the number on your ID card. ·Visit the Blue Cross Blue Shield

Aalberts, Daniel P.

242

Features . . . Cover Crop Value to Cotton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Features . . . Cotton Cover Crop Value to Cotton Cotton Price and Rotation 32:12 December 2008 #12;Cotton Price and Rotation Agronomy Notes Page 2 Cotton price has been low. Either peanut or soybean should be rotated with cotton, corn, or other grasses. However, with cotton

Watson, Craig A.

243

THE COMPARATIVE VALUE OF BIOLOGICAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE COMPARATIVE VALUE OF BIOLOGICAL CARBON SEQUESTRATION BRUCE A. MCCARL, BRIAN C. MURRAY, AND UWE A. SCHNEIDER A. Abstract Carbon sequestration via forests and agricultural soils saturates over time to sequestration because of (1) an ecosystems limited ability to take up carbon which we will call saturation

McCarl, Bruce A.

244

Slave Morality and the Revaluation of Values  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

________________________________ Professor Jack Bricke ________________________________ Assistant Professor Misty Schieberle Date Defended: July 6th 2011 ii The Dissertation Committee for Aaron Dopf certifies that this is the approved... version of the following dissertation: Slave Morality and the Revaluation of Values ________________________________ Chairperson Assistant Professor Scott Jenkins Date approved: July 6th 2011...

Dopf, Aaron Andrew

2011-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

245

Operator valued Hardy spaces and related subjects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that they are equivalent to those defined by the non-commutative Littlewood-Paley G-functions. We also study the Lp boundedness of operator valued dyadic paraproducts and prove that their Lq boundedness implies their Lp boundedness for all 1 < q < p < �....

Mei, Tao

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

246

Extreme Value Theory and the Solar Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the statistical properties of the extreme events of the solar cycle as measured by the sunspot number. The recent advances in the methodology of the theory of extreme values is applied to the maximal extremes of the time series of sunspots. We focus on the extreme events that exceed a carefully chosen threshold and a generalized Pareto distribution is fitted to the tail of the empirical cumulative distribution. A maximum likelihood method is used to estimate the parameters of the generalized Pareto distribution and confidence levels are also given to the parameters. Due to the lack of an automatic procedure for selecting the threshold, we analyze the sensitivity of the fitted generalized Pareto distribution to the exact value of the threshold. According to the available data, that only spans the previous ~250 years, the cumulative distribution of the time series is bounded, yielding an upper limit of 324 for the sunspot number. We also estimate that the return value for each solar cycle is ~188, while the return value for a century increases to ~228. Finally, the results also indicate that the most probable return time for a large event like the maximum at solar cycle 19 happens once every ~700 years and that the probability of finding such a large event with a frequency smaller than ~50 years is very small. In spite of the essentially extrapolative character of these results, their statistical significance is very large.

A. Asensio Ramos

2007-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

247

Power Transmission From The ITER Model Negative Ion Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In Cadarache development on negative ion sources is being carried out on the KAMABOKO III ion source on the MANTIS test bed. This is a model of the ion source designed for the neutral beam injectors of ITER. This ion source has been developed in collaboration with JAERI, Japan, who also designed and supplied the ion source. Its target performance is to accelerate a D- beam, with a current density of 200 A/m2 and <1 electron extracted per accelerated D- ion, at a source filling pressure of 0.3 Pa. For ITER a continuous ion beam must be assured for pulse lengths of 1000 s, but beams of up to 3,600 s are also envisaged. The ion source is attached to a 3 grid 30 keV accelerator (also supplied by JAERI) and the accelerated negative ion current is determined from the energy deposited on a calorimeter. During long pulse operation ({<=}1000 s) it was found that the current density of both D- and H- beams, measured at the calorimeter was lower than expected and that a large discrepancy existed between the accelerated currents measured electrically and those transmitted to the calorimeter. The possibility that this discrepancy arose because the accelerated current included electrons (which would not be able to reach the calorimeter) was investigated and subsequently eliminated. Further studies have shown that the fraction of the electrical current reaching the calorimeter varies with the pulse length, which led to the suggestion that one or more of the accelerator grids were distorting due to the incident power during operation, leading to a progressive deterioration in the beam quality.. New extraction and acceleration grids have been designed and installed, which should have a better tolerance to thermal loads than those previously used. This paper describes the measurements of the power transmission and distribution using these grids.

Boilson, D. [Association EURATOM-DCU, PRL/NCPST, Glasnevin, Dublin 13 (Ireland); Esch, H. P. L. de; Grand, C.; Hemsworth, R. S.; Krylov, A. [Association EURATOM-CEA, CEA/DSM/DRFC, CEA-Cadarache, 13108 St Paul-Lez-Durance (France)

2007-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

248

Negative Ion Based Heating and Diagnostic Neutral Beams for ITER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To meet the requirements of the four operating and one start-up scenarios foreseen in the International Tokamak Experimental Reactor (ITER) a flexible heating mix will be required, which has to include a reliable contribution from neutral beams. The current baseline of ITER foresees 2 Heating Neutral Beam (HNB) systems based on negative ion technology, each operating at 1 MeV 40 A D{sup -} ions, and each capable of delivering up to 16.7 MW of D deg. to the ITER plasma. A 3rd HNB injector is foreseen as an upgrade option. In addition a dedicated Diagnostic Neutral Beam (DNB) injecting 100 keV 60 A of negative hydrogen ions will be available for charge exchange resonant spectroscopy (CXRS). The significant R and D effort necessary to meet the design requirements will be provided in the Neutral Beam Test Facility (NBTF), which is to be constructed in Padua, Italy. This paper gives an overview of the current status of the neutral beam (NB) systems and the chosen configuration. The ongoing integration effort into the ITER plant is highlighted and open interface issues are identified. It is shown how installation and maintenance logistics has influenced the design. ITER operating scenarios are briefly discussed, including start-up and commissioning. For example it is now envisaged to have a low current hydrogen phase of ITER operations, essentially for commissioning of the many auxiliary systems used on ITER. The low current limits the achievable plasma density, and hence the NB energy due to shine through limitations. Therefore a possible reconfiguration of the auxiliary heating systems is now being discussed. Other NB related issues identified by the ongoing design review process are emphasized and possible impact on the implementations of the HNB and DNB systems is indicated.

Schunke, B.; Bora, D.; Cordier, J.-J.; Hemsworth, R.; Tanga, A. [ITER Organization, Cadarache, 13108 St.-Paul-lez-Durance (France); Antoni, V. [Consorzio RFX, EURATOM-ENEA Association, Corso Stati Uniti 4, I-35127 (Italy); Bonicelli, T. [IPR, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, 382428 (India); Chakraborty, A. [EFDA CSU, Boltzmannstrasse 2, D-85748, Garching (Germany); Inoue, T.; Watanabe, K. [JAEA, 801-1 Mukouyama, Naka-machi, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken 311-0193 (Japan)

2008-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

249

RF-Plasma Source Commissioning in Indian Negative Ion Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Indian program of the RF based negative ion source has started off with the commissioning of ROBIN, the inductively coupled RF based negative ion source facility under establishment at Institute for Plasma research (IPR), India. The facility is being developed under a technology transfer agreement with IPP Garching. It consists of a single RF driver based beam source (BATMAN replica) coupled to a 100 kW, 1 MHz RF generator with a self excited oscillator, through a matching network, for plasma production and ion extraction and acceleration. The delivery of the RF generator and the RF plasma source without the accelerator, has enabled initiation of plasma production experiments. The recent experimental campaign has established the matching circuit parameters that result in plasma production with density in the range of 0.5-1x10{sup 18}/m{sup 3}, at operational gas pressures ranging between 0.4-1 Pa. Various configurations of the matching network have been experimented upon to obtain a stable operation of the set up for RF powers ranging between 25-85 kW and pulse lengths ranging between 4-20 s. It has been observed that the range of the parameters of the matching circuit, over which the frequency of the power supply is stable, is narrow and further experiments with increased number of turns in the coil are in the pipeline to see if the range can be widened. In this paper, the description of the experimental system and the commissioning data related to the optimisation of the various parameters of the matching network, to obtain stable plasma of required density, are presented and discussed.

Singh, M. J.; Bandyopadhyay, M.; Yadava, Ratnakar; Chakraborty, A. K. [ITER- India, Institute for Plasma Research, A-29, Sector 25, GIDC, Gandhinagar, Gujrat (India); Bansal, G.; Gahlaut, A.; Soni, J.; Kumar, Sunil; Pandya, K.; Parmar, K. G.; Sonara, J. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat Gandhinagar, Gujrat (India); Kraus, W.; Heinemann, B.; Riedl, R.; Obermayer, S.; Martens, C.; Franzen, P.; Fantz, U. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstrasse 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

250

Regional Energy Baseline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESL-TR-11-09-02 REGIONAL ENERGY BASELINE (1960 ~ 2009) 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 To tal En erg y U se pe r C ap ita (M MB tu) Year Total Energy... Use per Capita (1960-2009) US SEEC 12-States TX Hyojin Kim Juan-Carlos Baltazar, Ph.D. Jeff S. Haberl, Ph.D., P.E. September 2011 ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas A&M University...

Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.

251

Regional Science Bowl 2015  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar HomePromising ScienceRecent SRELRecyclingProjectsRegionalRegionaldefault

252

Regional Education Partners  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest RegionatSearch Welcome to theNewsCenterandGas SeparationsRelevantRegional

253

On the structure of existence regions for sinks of the Hénon map  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An extensive search for stable periodic orbits (sinks) for the Hénon map in a small neighborhood of the classical parameter values is carried out. Several parameter values which generate a sink are found and verified by rigorous numerical computations. Each found parameter value is extended to a larger region of existence using a simplex continuation method. The structure of these regions of existence is investigated. This study shows that for the Hénon map, there exist sinks close to the classical case.

Galias, Zbigniew, E-mail: galias@agh.edu.pl [Department of Electrical Engineering, AGH University of Science and Technology, al. Mickiewicza 30, Kraków 30–059 (Poland)] [Department of Electrical Engineering, AGH University of Science and Technology, al. Mickiewicza 30, Kraków 30–059 (Poland); Tucker, Warwick, E-mail: warwick@math.uu.se [Department of Mathematics, Uppsala University, Box 480, Uppsala 751 06 (Sweden)] [Department of Mathematics, Uppsala University, Box 480, Uppsala 751 06 (Sweden)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

254

Colorado Regional Faults  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Citation Information: Originator: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Originator: Colorado Geological Survey (CGS) Publication Date: 2012 Title: Regional Faults Edition: First Publication Information: Publication Place: Earth Science & Observation Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science, University of Colorado, Boulder Publisher: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Description: This layer contains the regional faults of Colorado Spatial Domain: Extent: Top: 4543192.100000 m Left: 144385.020000 m Right: 754585.020000 m Bottom: 4094592.100000 m Contact Information: Contact Organization: Earth Science &Observation Center (ESOC), CIRES, University of Colorado at Boulder Contact Person: Khalid Hussein Address: CIRES, Ekeley Building Earth Science & Observation Center (ESOC) 216 UCB City: Boulder State: CO Postal Code: 80309-0216 Country: USA Contact Telephone: 303-492-6782 Spatial Reference Information: Coordinate System: Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) WGS’1984 Zone 13N False Easting: 500000.00000000 False Northing: 0.00000000 Central Meridian: -105.00000000 Scale Factor: 0.99960000 Latitude of Origin: 0.00000000 Linear Unit: Meter Datum: World Geodetic System 1984 (WGS ’984) Prime Meridian: Greenwich Angular Unit: Degree Digital Form: Format Name: Shape file

Hussein, Khalid

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-48 LAKE ERIE REGIONAL ICE COVER ANALYSIS: PRELIMINARY RESULTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-48 LAKE ERIE REGIONAL ICE COVER ANALYSIS: PRELIMINARY RESULTS R.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Observation density Average regional ice cover Percentage exceedance from average regional ice cover for discrete ice cover values Contour analysis of percentage ice cover exceedance

256

Loop-closure events during protein folding: Rationalizing the shape of Phi-value distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the past years, the folding kinetics of many small single-domain proteins has been characterized by mutational Phi-value analysis. In this article, a simple, essentially parameter-free model is introduced which derives folding routes from native structures by minimizing the entropic loop-closure cost during folding. The model predicts characteristic folding sequences of structural elements such as helices and beta-strand pairings. Based on few simple rules, the kinetic impact of these structural elements is estimated from the routes and compared to average experimental Phi-values for the helices and strands of 15 small, well-characterized proteins. The comparison leads on average to a correlation coefficient of 0.62 for all proteins with polarized Phi-value distributions, and 0.74 if distributions with negative average Phi-values are excluded. The diffuse Phi-value distributions of the remaining proteins are reproduced correctly. The model shows that Phi-value distributions, averaged over secondary structural elements, can often be traced back to entropic loop-closure events, but also indicates energetic preferences in the case of a few proteins governed by parallel folding processes.

Thomas R. Weikl

2005-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

A Charge Pump that Generates Negative High Voltage with Variable Voltage , Eugene Ivanova,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Charge Pump that Generates Negative High Voltage with Variable Voltage Gain Jun Zhaob, , Eugene, Massachusetts 02115, U.S.A. Abstract A cross-coupled structure based charge pump that generates negative high. The proposed negative charge pump is designed to deliver 40 uA with a wide supply range from 2.5V to 5.5V using

Ayers, Joseph

258

Negative ion surface-plasma source development for fusion in Novosibirsk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

function cathode. The optimization of the negative ion production led to the increase of the beam intensity) of negative ions for accelerators. In addition, it seemed to be quite effective to start designing high-power-state SPS with an about 1 A beam of hydro- gen negative ions were studied and developed at the INP in 1977

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

259

Innovative . Flexible . RegionalInnovative . Flexible . Regional Health Care  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Executive Master in Innovative . Flexible . RegionalInnovative . Flexible . Regional Health Care Learning Outcomes Health Systems, Policy and Reform - Communicating with Policy Makers - Evidence - Human Resources Management - Data and Decision Making Executive Master in Health Care Leadership (EMHCL

Shihadeh, Alan

260

Value of public health and safety actions and radiation dose avoided  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The values judged best to reflect the willingness of society to pay for the avoidance or reduction of risk were deduced from studies of costs of health care, transportation safety, consumer product safety, government agency actions, wage-risk compensation, consumer behavior (market) studies, and willingness-to-pay surveys. The results ranged from $1,400,000 to $2,700,000 per life saved. Applying the mean of these values ($2,100,000) and the latest risk per unit dose coefficients used by the ICRP (1991), which take into account risks to the general public, including genetic effects and nonfatal cancers, yields a value of dose avoided of $750 to $1,500 per person-cSv for public exposures. The lower value applies if adjustments are made for years of life lost per fatality. A nominal value of $1,000 per person-cSv seems appropriate in light of the many uncertainties involved in deducing these values. These values are consistent with values recommended by several European countries for individual doses in the region of 1 mSv/y (100 mrem/y). Below this dose rate, most countries have values a factor of 7 to 10 lower, based on the assumption that society is less concerned with fatality risks below about 10{sup {minus}4}/y.

Baum, J.W. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Developing Louisiana's Forest Products Industry: Adding Value for the Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a manufacturingThe increased value at each stage of a manufacturing assembly processassembly process Those and necessaryimportant and necessary Addition of net economic valueAddition of net economic value Value can be added through manufacturing orValue can be added through manufacturing or marketingmarketing Why Add Value

262

Lagrangian Variational Framework for Boundary Value Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A boundary value problem is commonly associated with constraints imposed on a system at its boundary. We advance here an alternative point of view treating the system as interacting "boundary" and "interior" subsystems. This view is implemented through a Lagrangian framework that allows to account for (i) a variety of forces including dissipative acting at the boundary; (ii) a multitude of features of interactions between the boundary and the interior fields when the boundary fields may differ from the boundary limit of the interior fields; (iii) detailed pictures of the energy distribution and its flow; (iv) linear and nonlinear effects. We provide a number of elucidating examples of the structured boundary and its interactions with the system interior. We also show that the proposed approach covers the well known boundary value problems.

Alexander Figotin; Guillermo Reyes

2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

263

How Do Patents Shape Global Value Chains? International and Domestic Patenting and Value-Added Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an important role in the global economy through its impact on technology diffusion, knowledge transfer they critically shape technology transfer. Coe and Helpman (1995) demonstrate the important effects of foreign R1 How Do Patents Shape Global Value Chains? International and Domestic Patenting and Value

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

264

Initial value constraints with tensor matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In generally covariant metric gravity theories with tensor matter fields, the initial value constraint equations, unlike in general relativity, are in general not just the 0\\mu-components of the metric field equation. This happens because higher derivatives can occur in the matter stress tensor. A universal form for these constraints is derived here from a generalized Bianchi identity that includes matter fields. As an application, the constraints for Einstein-aether theory are found.

Ted Jacobson

2011-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

265

Producing and Marketing High-Value Calves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

carcasses. Oklahoma State University (Smith et al., 2000) and University of Arkansas (Troxel et al., 2001) researchers conducted livestock market surveys to determine factors that affect value in feeder cattle. Their data indicate that small... cattle that will produce calves with adequate muscling. Body condition. The Oklahoma study found that thin cattle received discounts of $9 to $10 per cwt when compared to cattle of average condition, and that fat cattle received discounts of $6...

Cleere, Jason; Boleman, Larry L.

2006-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

266

Merged Sounding Value-Added Product  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Merged Sounding value-added product (VAP) uses a combination of observations from radiosonde soundings, the microwave radiometer (MWR), surface meteorological instruments, and European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) model output with a sophisticated scaling/interpolation/smoothing scheme in order to define profiles of the atmospheric thermodynamic state at one-minute temporal intervals and a total of 266 altitude levels.

Troyan, D

2010-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

267

ARM KAZR-ARSCL Value Added Product  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars (KAZRs) have replaced the long-serving Millimeter Cloud Radars, or MMCRs. Accordingly, the primary MMCR Value Added Product (VAP), the Active Remote Sensing of CLouds (ARSCL) product, is being replaced by a KAZR-based version, the KAZR-ARSCL VAP. KAZR-ARSCL provides cloud boundaries and best-estimate time-height fields of radar moments.

Jensen, Michael

268

Earned Value Management | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehicles » AlternativeUpDrain-Water Heat RecoveryEarned Value Management

269

Regional GHG Emissions O tlook Greenhouse Gas and the Regional  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6/5/2013 1 Regional GHG Emissions O tlook Greenhouse Gas and the Regional Power System Symposium Regional GHG Emissions ­ Outlook June 4, 2013 Steven Simmons CO2 Emission Outlook for the Pacific NW (ID-MT- OR-WA) Key Factors that determine Emissions Levels 1 Demand & Conservation 50 60 70 2 1. Demand

270

Total Operators and Inhomogeneous Proper Values Equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kaehler's two-sided angular momentum operator, K + 1, is neither vector-valued nor bivector-valued. It is total in the sense that it involves terms for all three dimensions. Constant idempotents that are "proper functions" of K+1's components are not proper functions of K+1. They rather satisfy "inhomogeneous proper-value equations", i.e. of the form (K + 1)U = {\\mu}U + {\\pi}, where {\\pi} is a scalar. We consider an equation of that type with K+1 replaced with operators T that comprise K + 1 as a factor, but also containing factors for both space and spacetime translations. We study the action of those T's on linear combinations of constant idempotents, so that only the algebraic (spin) part of K +1 has to be considered. {\\pi} is now, in general, a non-scalar member of a Kaehler algebra. We develop the system of equations to be satisfied by the combinations of those idempotents for which {\\pi} becomes a scalar. We solve for its solutions with {\\mu} = 0, which actually also makes {\\pi} = 0: The solutions with {\\mu} = {\\pi} = 0 all have three constituent parts, 36 of them being different in the ensemble of all such solutions. That set of different constituents is structured in such a way that we might as well be speaking of an algebraic representation of quarks. In this paper, however, we refrain from pursuing this identification in order to emphasize the purely mathematical nature of the argument.

Jose G. Vargas

2015-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

271

Southeast Regional Clean Energy Policy Analysis (Revised)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

More than half of the electricity produced in the southeastern states is fuelled by coal. Although the region produces some coal, most of the states depend heavily on coal imports. Many of the region's aging coal power facilities are planned for retirement within the next 20 years. However, estimates indicate that a 20% increase in capacity is needed over that time to meet the rapidly growing demand. The most common incentives for energy efficiency in the Southeast are loans and rebates; however, total public spending on energy efficiency is limited. The most common state-level policies to support renewable energy development are personal and corporate tax incentives and loans. The region produced 1.8% of the electricity from renewable resources other than conventional hydroelectricity in 2009, half of the national average. There is significant potential for development of a biomass market in the region, as well as use of local wind, solar, methane-to-energy, small hydro, and combined heat and power resources. Options are offered for expanding and strengthening state-level policies such as decoupling, integrated resource planning, building codes, net metering, and interconnection standards to support further clean energy development. Benefits would include energy security, job creation, insurance against price fluctuations, increased value of marginal lands, and local and global environmental paybacks.

McLaren, J.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Plasma asymmetry due to the magnetic filter in fusion-type negative ion sources: Comparisons between two and three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previously reported 2D Particle-In-Cell Monte Carlo Collisions (PIC-MCC) simulations of negative ion sources under conditions similar to those of the ITER neutral beam injection system have shown that the presence of the magnetic filter tends to generate asymmetry in the plasma properties in the extraction region. In this paper, we show that these conclusions are confirmed by 3D PIC-MCC simulations and we provide quantitative comparisons between the 2D and 3D model predictions.

Fubiani, G., E-mail: gwenael.fubiani@laplace.univ-tlse.fr; Boeuf, J. P. [Université de Toulouse, UPS, INPT, LAPLACE (Laboratoire Plasma et Conversion d'Energie), 118 route de Narbonne, F-31062 Toulouse Cedex 9 (France); CNRS, LAPLACE, F-31062 Toulouse (France)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

273

Aerosol remote sensing in polar regions  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Multi-year sets of ground-based sun-photometer measurements conducted at 12 Arctic sites and 9 Antarctic sites were examined to determine daily mean values of aerosol optical thickness ?(?) at visible and near-infrared wavelengths, from which best-fit values of Ångström's exponent ? were calculated. Analysing these data, the monthly mean values of ?(0.50 ?m) and ? and the relative frequency histograms of the daily mean values of both parameters were determined for winter–spring and summer–autumn in the Arctic and for austral summer in Antarctica. The Arctic and Antarctic covariance plots of the seasonal median values of ? versus ?(0.50 ?m) showed: (i) a considerable increase in ?(0.50 ?m) for the Arctic aerosol from summer to winter–spring, without marked changes in ?; and (ii) a marked increase in ?(0.50 ?m) passing from the Antarctic Plateau to coastal sites, whereas ? decreased considerably due to the larger fraction of sea-salt aerosol. Good agreement was found when comparing ground-based sun-photometer measurements of ?(?) and ? at Arctic and Antarctic coastal sites with Microtops measurements conducted during numerous AERONET/MAN cruises from 2006 to 2013 in three Arctic Ocean sectors and in coastal and off-shore regions of the Southern Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, and the Antarctic Peninsula. Lidar measurements were also examined to characterise vertical profiles of the aerosol backscattering coefficient measured throughout the year at Ny-Ålesund. Satellite-based MODIS, MISR, and AATSR retrievals of ?(?) over large parts of the oceanic polar regions during spring and summer were in close agreement with ship-borne and coastal ground-based sun-photometer measurements. An overview of the chemical composition of mode particles is also presented, based on in-situ measurements at Arctic and Antarctic sites. Fourteen log-normal aerosol number size-distributions were defined to represent the average features of nuclei, accumulation and coarse mode particles for Arctic haze, summer background aerosol, Asian dust and boreal forest fire smoke, and for various background austral summer aerosol types at coastal and high-altitude Antarctic sites. The main columnar aerosol optical characteristics were determined for all 14 particle modes, based on in-situ measurements of the scattering and absorption coefficients. Diurnally averaged direct aerosol-induced radiative forcing and efficiency were calculated for a set of multimodal aerosol extinction models, using various Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function models over vegetation-covered, oceanic and snow-covered surfaces. These gave a reliable measure of the pronounced effects of aerosols on the radiation balance of the surface–atmosphere system over polar regions.

Tomasi, C.; Wagener, R.; Kokhanovsky, A. A.; Lupi, A.; Ritter, C.; Smirnov, A.; O Neill, N. T.; Stone, R. S.; Holben, B. N.; Nyeki, S.; Wehrli, C.; Stohl, A.; Mazzola, M.; Lanconelli, C.; Vitale, V.; Stebel, K.; Aaltonen, V.; de Leeuw, G.; Rodriguez, E.; Herber, A. B.; Radionov, V. F.; Zielinski, T.; Petelski, T.; Sakerin, S. M.; Kabanov, D. M.; Xue, Y.; Mei, L.; Istomina, L.; Wagener, R.; McArthur, B.; Sobolewski, P. S.; Kivi, R.; Courcoux, Y.; Larouche, P.; Broccardo, S.; Piketh, S. J.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Southern Region Watershed Management Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordinators and the organization, management and activities of the Southern Region Water Quality Planning1 Southern Region Watershed Management Project September 15, 2000 to September 14, 2005 Terminal responding to water quality and conservation issues with educational assistance, technology development

275

Basics of Using vp, a Value-Pasing Front End for the Concurrency Susan Older  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

negation on channel a: const Bit = {0,1} label a(Bit) agent Negate = a(w).'a(1-w).Negate Again, notice = {0,1} label a_Bit agent Negate = a(w).'a(1-w).Negate However, one can define the intended Negate

Older, Susan

276

Robust activation method for negative electron affinity photocathodes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method by which photocathodes(201), single crystal, amorphous, or otherwise ordered, can be surface modified to a robust state of lowered and in best cases negative, electron affinity has been discovered. Conventional methods employ the use of Cs(203) and an oxidizing agent(207), typically carried by diatomic oxygen or by more complex molecules, for example nitrogen trifluoride, to achieve a lowered electron affinity(404). In the improved activation method, a second alkali, other than Cs(205), is introduced onto the surface during the activation process, either by co-deposition, yo-yo, or sporadic or intermittent application. Best effect for GaAs photocathodes has been found through the use of Li(402) as the second alkali, though nearly the same effect can be found by employing Na(406). Suitable photocathodes are those which are grown, cut from boules, implanted, rolled, deposited or otherwise fabricated in a fashion and shape desired for test or manufacture independently supported or atop a support structure or within a framework or otherwise affixed or suspended in the place and position required for use.

Mulhollan, Gregory A. (Dripping Springs, TX); Bierman, John C. (Austin, TX)

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

277

Crystal-Field Splitting and Giant Negative Magnetization in  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bimetallic oxalates are a class of layered organic magnets with transi- tion metals M(II) and M'(III) coupled by oxalate molecules in an open honeycomb structure. Of particular interest are the Fe(II)Fe(III) bimetal- lic compounds, which are ferrimagnetically ordered below a transition temperature that ranges from 30 to 48 K, depending on the cation that separates the layers. In small magnetic fields, several of these compounds exhibit giant negative magnetization below a compensation temperature of roughly 2/3 Tc. By studying the behavior of the Kramer's doublet ground state produced by the crystal-field splitting and constructing a reduced Hamiltonian that includes both exchange and spin-orbit and in- teractions, we can explain all of the important behavior of this class of materials: the stability of magnetic order in two dimensions and the existence of magnetic compensation in samples with high transition tem- peratures. We also provide several new predictions for the spin-wave gap and the optical flipping of the magnetic moment.

Fishman, Randy Scott [ORNL; Reboredo, Fernando A [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

High-energy above-threshold detachment from negative ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Above-threshold detachment of electrons from negative ions by an elliptically polarized laser field is analyzed within the strong-field approximation. The low-energy part of the spectrum, that is, its structure and its apparent cutoff, strongly depends on the orbital quantum number l of the initial ground state. The high-energy part is characterized by the usual extended plateau caused by rescattering, which is essentially independent of the ground state. The potential that the returning electron experiences during rescattering is modeled by the sum of a polarization potential and a static potential. This rescattering potential does not have much effect on the shape of the plateau, but it does on its height. For H{sup -} (l=0), the yield of rescattered electrons is five orders of magnitude below the direct electrons, while for I{sup -} (l=1) the yields only differ by a factor of 40. We also analyze the dependence of the angle-resolved energy spectrum on the ellipticity of the laser field and confirm general symmetry properties. An angle-integrated elliptic dichroism parameter is introduced and analyzed.

Gazibegovic-Busuladzic, A.; Milosevic, D.B. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Becker, W. [Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

6, 1332313366, 2006 Regional pollution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACPD 6, 13323­13366, 2006 Regional pollution potentials of major population centers M. G. Lawrence a Creative Commons License. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions Regional pollution potentials. Lawrence (lawrence@mpch-mainz.mpg.de) 13323 #12;ACPD 6, 13323­13366, 2006 Regional pollution potentials

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

280

Regional Summary Pacific Management Context  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Bocaccio, Pacific ocean perch, cowcod, and darkblotched and widow rockfish are currently in rebuildingRegional Summary Pacific Management Context The Pacific Region includes California, Oregon, and Washington. Federal fisheries in this region are managed by the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Photovoltaics Value Analysis | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth'sOklahoma/GeothermalOrangePeru: EnergyInformation Insolation MapsValue

282

Sandia National Laboratories: PV Value Tool  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErik Spoerke SSLSMolten-SaltReliability PV Systems Reliability SandiaTechValue

283

Template:DatasetValue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump to:Taos County,TeesAtlasTabs JumpDatabusNav JumpDatasetValue

284

Study of Fluctuations in the CW Penning Surface-Plasma Source of Negative Ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Study of current fluctuations for cw Penning SPS with hollow cathode drive was done. The noiseproof measurements of negative ion beam current, current in extracted electrode circuit, discharge current and voltage were carried out by the low-inductive probes in wide frequency range. Spectrum and intensity of fluctuations at various operation modes, parameters and electrode geometry were recorded for two versions of cw Penning SPS. H{sup -} beam current and the extracted electrode circuit current had the level of ripples higher, than the ripples in discharge current and voltage signals. Frequency spectrum of beam and discharge fluctuations displayed stable peaks. The main peak had location in the range 0.1 divide 1.5 MHz and FWHM of about 0.1 MHz. For the basic operational mode the main peak in frequency spectrum was in the range 0.3-0.4 MHz. The fluctuations of current in extracted electrode circuit and in accelerated electrode circuit had the similar structure and correlated with beam current fluctuations. The obtained data show that plasma density oscillations are responsible for the beam current fluctuations. The 0.1 divide 1.5 MHz fluctuations of plasma density could be produced by oscillations of cathode emissivity and of discharge current distribution between the specific cathode regions.

Belchenko, Yuri; Sanin, Andrey; Savkin, Valery [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, av. Lavrentieva, 11, 630090, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

285

Progress of Negative Ion Source Improvement in N-NBI for JT-60U  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The negative-ion based neutral beam injection system developed by JAERI for JT-60U has been intended to generate a 500 keV and 10 MW beam for 10 seconds with two ion sources. Technical efforts to decrease heat loads on the accelerator grids, to improve non-uniformity of the source plasma, to increase voltage holding of the accelerator, and to optimize the operational parameters have been conducted intensively. A step-down control of the filament voltage was very effective to keep the acceleration current constant during the pulse duration. To suppress degradation of voltage holding of the accelerator, protection spark gaps of {approx}178 kV for each stage, its gap length is 73 mm, were confirmed to be effective.As results of these improvements, as of June 2002, the maximum injection power has reached 6.2 MW, and a pulse length has attained 10 seconds of the design value with a 2.6 MW beam.

Kawai, M. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Akino, N. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Ebisawa, N. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Grisham, L. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (United States); Hanada, M. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Honda, A. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Inoue, T. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Kazawa, M. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Kikuchi, K. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Kuriyama, M. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (Japan); Kusanagi, N. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Mogaki, K. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Noto, K. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Ohga, T. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Ooshima, K. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Tanai, Y. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Umeda, N. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Usui, K. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Yamamoto, T. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Yamazaki, H. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan); Watanabe, K. [Naka Fusion Research Establishment (Japan)

2003-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

Specific features of the behaviour of targets under negative pressures created by a picosecond laser pulse  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New experimental data are obtained concerning the character of spallation and the mechanical strength of targets made of aluminium, aluminium - magnesium alloy (AMg6M), polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA, plexiglass), tantalum, copper, tungsten, palladium, silicon, and lead under the impact of laser radiation with the duration 70 ps. The specific features of the spallation phenomenon, in which the separation of a part of the target substance occurs at the back surface as a result of the effect of negative pressures (tensile stresses) in the substance, are experimentally studied. To determine the time moment of spallation, the electrocontact method of measuring the velocity of the spalled layer is developed and implemented. The obtained results show that the values of spall strength of the studied materials at moderate amplitudes of the shock-wave effect agree with the known literature data, while at higher pressures the growth of spall strength is observed, which is an evidence of the material hardening. The results of the studies demonstrate that the dynamic strength of a substance depends on both the duration and the amplitude of the shock-wave impact on the target. (extreme light fields and their applications)

Abrosimov, S A; Bazhulin, A P; Voronov, Valerii V; Geras'kin, A A; Krasyuk, Igor K; Pashinin, Pavel P; Semenov, Andrei Yu; Stuchebryukhov, I A; Khishchenko, K V; Fortov, Vladimir E

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

287

Quantum Trajectories based on the Weak Value  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The notion of trajectory of an individual particle is strictly inhibited in quantum mechanics because of the uncertainty principle. Nonetheless, the weak value, which has been proposed as a novel and measurable quantity definable to any quantum observable, can offer a possible description of trajectory on account of its statistical nature of the value. In this paper, we explore the physical significance provided by this weak trajectory by considering various situations where interference takes place simultaneously with the observation of particles, that is, in prototypical quantum situations for which no classical treatment is available. These include the double slit experiment and Lloyd's mirror, where in the former case it is argued that the real part of the weak trajectory describes an average over the possible classical trajectories involved in the process, and that the imaginary part is related to the variation of interference. It is shown that this average interpretation of the weak trajectory holds universally under the complex probability defined from the given transition process. These features remain essentially unaltered in the case of Lloyd's mirror where interference occurs with a single slit.

Takuya Mori; Izumi Tsutsui

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

288

Negative Valve Overlap Reforming Chemistry in Low-Oxygen Environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fuel injection into the negative valve overlap (NVO) period is a common method for controlling combustion phasing in homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) and other forms of advanced combustion. When fuel is injected into O2-deficient NVO conditions, a portion of the fuel can be converted to products containing significant levels of H2 and CO. Additionally, other short chain hydrocarbons are produced by means of thermal cracking, water-gas shift, and partial oxidation reactions. The present study experimentally investigates the fuel reforming chemistry that occurs during NVO. To this end, two very different experimental facilities are utilized and their results are compared. One facility is located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, which uses a custom research engine cycle developed to isolate the NVO event from main combustion, allowing a steady stream of NVO reformate to be exhausted from the engine and chemically analyzed. The other experimental facility, located at Sandia National Laboratories, uses a dump valve to capture the exhaust from a single NVO event for analysis. Results from the two experiments are in excellent trend-wise agreement and indicate that the reforming process under low-O2 conditions produces substantial concentrations of H2, CO, methane, and other short-chain hydrocarbon species. The concentration of these species is found to be strongly dependent on fuel injection timing and injected fuel type, with weaker dependencies on NVO duration and initial temperature, indicating that NVO reforming is kinetically slow. Further, NVO reforming does not require a large energy input from the engine, meaning that it is not thermodynamically expensive. The implications of these results on HCCI and other forms of combustion are discussed in detail.

Szybist, James P [ORNL] [ORNL; Steeper, Richard R. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL)] [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Splitter, Derek A [ORNL] [ORNL; Kalaskar, Vickey B [ORNL] [ORNL; Pihl, Josh A [ORNL] [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Modified Chebyshev-Picard Iteration Methods for Solution of Initial Value and Boundary Value Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of y (final value problem) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 32 Integration errors of y? (final value problem) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 33 Integration errors of y (y(-1) and y(1)) are known) . . . . . . . . . . 72 34 Integration errors of y? (y(-1...) and y(1) are known) . . . . . . . . . . . 72 35 Integration errors of y (y?(?1) and y?(1) are known) . . . . . . . . . . 73 36 Integration errors of y? (y?(?1) and y?(1) are known) . . . . . . . . . . 74 37 Integration errors of y (y(-1) and yd(1...

Bai, Xiaoli

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

290

Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India* Jeffrey D. Sachs Director The Earth Institute at Columbia_ramiah@yahoo.co.uk Asian Economic Papers 1:3 © 2002 The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the Massachusetts

291

Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns on the Value of Wind-GeneratedElectricity at Different Sites in California and the Northwest  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind power production varies on a diurnal and seasonal basis. In this paper, we use wind speed data from three different sources to assess the effects of wind timing on the value of electric power from potential wind farm locations in California and the Northwestern United States. By ''value'', we refer to either the contribution of wind power to meeting the electric system's peak loads, or the financial value of wind power in electricity markets. Sites for wind power projects are often screened or compared based on the annual average power production that would be expected from wind turbines at each site (Baban and Parry 2001; Brower et al. 2004; Jangamshetti and Rau 2001; Nielsen et al. 2002; Roy 2002; Schwartz 1999). However, at many locations, variations in wind speeds during the day and year are correlated with variations in the electric power system's load and wholesale market prices (Burton et al. 2001; Carlin 1983; Kennedy and Rogers 2003; Man Bae and Devine 1978; Sezgen et al. 1998); this correlation may raise or lower the value of wind power generated at each location. A number of previous reports address this issue somewhat indirectly by studying the contribution of individual wind power sites to the reliability or economic operation of the electric grid, using hourly wind speed data (Fleten et al.; Kahn 1991; Kirby et al. 2003; Milligan 2002; van Wijk et al. 1992). However, we have not identified any previous study that examines the effect of variations in wind timing across a broad geographical area on wholesale market value or capacity contribution of those different wind power sites. We have done so, to determine whether it is important to consider wind-timing when planning wind power development, and to try to identify locations where timing would have a more positive or negative effect. The research reported in this paper seeks to answer three specific questions: (1) How large of an effect can the temporal variation of wind power have on the value of wind in different wind resource areas? (2) Which locations are affected most positively or negatively by the seasonal and diurnal timing of wind speeds? (3) How compatible are wind resources in California and the Northwest (Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana and Wyoming) with wholesale power prices and loads in either region? The latter question is motivated by the fact that wind power projects in the Northwest could sell their output into California (and vice versa), and that California has an aggressive renewable energy policy that may ultimately yield such imports. We also assess whether modeled wind data from TrueWind Solutions, LLC, can help answer such questions, by comparing results found using the TrueWind data to those found using anemometers or wind farm power production data. This paper summarizes results that are presented in more detail in a recent report from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Fripp and Wiser 2006). The full report is available at http://eetd.lbl.gov/EA/EMP/re-pubs.html.

Fripp, Matthias; Wiser, Ryan

2006-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

292

Oregon State University Sun Grant Western Regional Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

biomass into various products. This approach will diversify the value of forest biomass. Progress to DateOregon State University Sun Grant Western Regional Center A Forest Residue-Based Pyrolysis to produce much-needed biofuels, supply valuable bioproducts, utilize waste streams and create jobs in rural

Tullos, Desiree

293

Values and the quantum conception of man  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Classical mechanics is based upon a mechanical picture of nature that is fundamentally incorrect. It has been replaced at the basic level by a radically different theory: quantum mechanics. This change entails an enormous shift in one`s basic conception of nature, one that can profoundly alter the scientific image of man himself. Self-image is the foundation of values, and the replacement of the mechanistic self-image derived from classical mechanics by one concordant with quantum mechanics may provide the foundation of a moral order better suited to today`s times, a self-image that endows human life with meaning, responsibility, and a deeper linkage to nature as a whole.

Stapp, H.P.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Investigating Army systems and Systems of Systems for value robustness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis proposes a value robustness approach to architect defense systems and Systems of Systems (SoS). A value robust system or SoS has the ability to provide continued value to stakeholders by performing well to meet ...

Koo, Kevin C. K. (Kevin Cheng Keong)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Aligning Perspectives and Methods for Value-Driven Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent years have seen a push to use explicit consideration of “value” in order to drive design. This paper conveys the need to explicitly align perspectives on “value” with the method used to quantify “value.” Various ...

Ross, Adam Michael

296

Managing unarticulated value : changeability in multi-attribute tradespace exploration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A framework for creating value robust systems in the face of changing value perceptions during the architecture and design of systems is proposed. Both unarticulated value, that which is not explicitly communicated to ...

Ross, Adam Michael, 1977-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Extreme Value Analysis and Ventures into Space and Time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extreme Value Analysis and Ventures into Space and Time 15 Center for Atmospheric Research Copyright NCAR 2013 #12;Extreme Value Analysis'arrive jamais" --Emil Gumbel Copyright NCAR 2013 Extreme Value Analysis #12;Copyright

Gilleland, Eric

298

Biopower Report Presents Methodology for Assessing the Value...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biopower Report Presents Methodology for Assessing the Value of Co-Firing Biomass in Pulverized Coal Plants Biopower Report Presents Methodology for Assessing the Value of...

299

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The...

300

Value Analysis of Alternative Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Value Analysis of Alternative Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Substrates for Future Diesel Aftertreatment Systems Value Analysis of Alternative Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

3-Cylinder Turbocharged Gasoline Direct Injection: A High Value...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Cylinder Turbocharged Gasoline Direct Injection: A High Value Solution for Euro VI Emissions 3-Cylinder Turbocharged Gasoline Direct Injection: A High Value Solution for Euro VI...

302

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investigation of Photovoltaic Cost Trends in California,”The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic ElectricityThe Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Conservation Regional Conservation SavingsRegional Conservation Savings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Northwest Power and Conservation Council Regional Conservation SavingsRegional Conservation the Plan''s Targets?s Targets? March 14, 2008 slide 2 Northwest Power and Conservation Council 55thth Plan Conservation ResourcePlan Conservation Resource Acquisition TargetsAcquisition Targets 20052005 ­­ 2009 = 700 a

304

Coordinated Regional Public Transportation Plan: Heart of Texas Region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordinated Regional Public Transportation Plan Heart of Texas Region Bosque, Falls, Freestone, Hill, Limestone & McLennan Counties December 1, 2006 TABLE OF CONTENTS Acknowledgements... of Texas Council of Governments (HOTCOG) and the McLennan County Youth Collaboration (MCYC) ---21 Central Texas Senior Ministries (CTSM), Hill County Transit (HCT) and Scott and White (S&W) Medical Facilities...

Heart of Texas Council of Governments

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

attenuates gram-negative bacterial: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Justas 2013-01-01 2 Aminoglycoside resistance in clinical Gram-negative isolates from Norway . Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Aminoglycosides represent an...

306

E-Print Network 3.0 - ammonia negative ion Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AND INTERSTELLAR ICES Summary: recently, it has been shown that the impact of 252Cf fis- sion fragments on solid ammonia produced negative... dissociative ionization of the...

307

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerobic gram-negative bacteria Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Alcaligenes and Serratia, and a very small Gram-negative... , but aerobic, submerged cultivation of bacteria on the mesquite wood increases the digestible protein... each of...

308

Valuing Place through Resources: Incorporating Multi-dimensional Values in Decision Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to and understand the resources and landscapes around us has a profound effect on how we both value and enjoy them (Beatley, 2004). As E.O. Wilson (1984, p.2) states, ?? to the degree that we come to understand other organisms, we will place a greater value... participation enhances the ability of planners to make planning decisions in a more holistic way (Beatley and Manning, 1997; Brody et al., 2003; Dietz et al., 2008; Wondolleck and Yaffee, 2000). The processes and procedures, by which input is gained, however...

Bardenhagen, Eric Karsten

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

309

Production of High Value Cellulose from Tobacco  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Kentucky Rural Energy Supply Program was established in 2005 by a federal direct appropriation to benefit the citizens of the Commonwealth by creating a unified statewide consortium to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency in Kentucky. The U.S. Department of Energy�s (DOE) Office of Biomass Programs initially funded the consortium in 2005 with a $2 million operational grant. The Kentucky Rural Energy Consortium (KREC) was formed at the outset of the program to advance energy efficiency and comprehensive research on biomass and bioenergy of importance to Kentucky agriculture, rural communities, and related industries. In recognition of the successful efforts of the program, KREC received an additional $1.96 million federal appropriation in 2008 for renewal of the DOE grant. From the beginning, KREC understood the value of providing a statewide forum for the discussion of Kentucky�s long term energy needs and economic development potential. The new funding allowed KREC to continue to serve as a clearinghouse and support new research and development and outreach programs for energy efficiency and renewable energy.

Berson, R ERic; Dvaid, Keith; McGinley, W Mark; Meduri, Praveen; Clark, Ezra; Dayalan, Ethirajulu; Sumaneskera, Gamini; Donald Colliver, Mahendra Sunkara'

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

Value of storage with increased renewable penetration.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problem statement for this project is: (1) Renewable energy portfolio standards - (a) high penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation on the grid, (b) utilities constrained by NERC Control Performance Standards, (c) requires additional resources to match generation with load; and (2) mitigation of impacts with energy storage - at what level of renewable penetration does energy storage become an attractive value proposition. Use a simplified, yet robust dispatch model that: (a) incorporates New Mexico Balance Area load and wind generation data, (b) distributes the load among a suite of generators, (c) quantifies increased generation costs with increased penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation - fuel, startup, shut down, ramping, standby, etc., (d) tracks and quantifies NERC pentalties and violations, and (e) quantifies storage costs. Dispatch model has been constructed and it: (a) accurately distributes a load among a suite of generators, (b) quantifies duty cycle metrics for each of the generators - cumulative energy production, ramping and non ramping duration, spinning reserves, number of start-ups, and shut down durations, etc., (c) quantifies energy exchanges - cumulative exchanges, duration, and number of exchanges, (d) tracks ACE violations.

Brainard, James Robert; Roach, Jesse Dillon

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Simultaneous description of low-lying positive and negative parity bands in heavy even-even nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The low-lying spectra including the first few excited positive and negative parity bands of some heavy even-even nuclei from the rare earth and actinide mass regions are investigated within the framework of the symplectic Interacting Vector Boson Model with Sp(12,$R$) dynamical symmetry group. Symplectic dynamical symmetries allow the change of the number of excitation quanta or phonons building the collective states providing for larger representation spaces and richer subalgebraic structures to incorporate more complex nuclear spectra. The theoretical predictions for the energy levels and the electromagnetic transitions between the collective states of the ground state band and $K^{\\pi}=0^{-}$ band are compared with experiment and some other collective models incorporating octupole and/or dipole degrees of freedom. The energy staggering which is a sensitive indicator of the octupole correlations in the even-even nuclei is also calculated and compared with experiment. The results obtained for the energy levels, energy staggering and transition strengths reveal the relevance of the used dynamical symmetry of the model for the simultaneous description of both positive and negative parity low-lying collective bands.

H. G. Ganev

2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

312

The generalized second law forbids singularity resolution, viable baby universes, traversable wormholes, warp drives, time machines, and negative mass objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The generalized second law can be used to prove a singularity theorem, by generalizing the notion of a trapped surface to quantum situations. Like Penrose's original singularity theorem, it implies that spacetime is null geodesically incomplete inside black holes, and to the past of spatially infinite Friedmann--Robertson--Walker cosmologies. If space is finite instead, the generalized second law requires that there only be a finite amount of entropy producing processes in the past, unless there is a reversal of the arrow of time. In asymptotically flat spacetime, the generalized second law also rules out traversable wormholes, negative masses, and other forms of faster-than-light travel, as well as closed timelike curves. Furthermore it is impossible to form baby universes which eventually become independent of the mother universe, or to restart inflation. Since the semiclassical approximation is used only in regions with low curvature, it is argued that the results may hold in full quantum gravity. An intro...

Wall, Aron C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Optical emission spectroscopy at the large RF driven negative ion test facility ELISE: Instrumental setup and first results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the main topics to be investigated at the recently launched large (A{sub source}= 1.0 × 0.9 m{sup 2}) ITER relevant RF driven negative ion test facility ELISE (Extraction from a Large Ion Source Experiment) is the connection between the homogeneity of the plasma parameters close to the extraction system and the homogeneity of the extracted negative hydrogen ion beam. While several diagnostics techniques are available for measuring the beam homogeneity, the plasma parameters are determined by optical emission spectroscopy (OES) solely. First OES measurements close to the extraction system show that without magnetic filter field the vertical profile of the plasma emission is more or less symmetric, with maxima of the emission representing the projection of the plasma generation volumes, and a distinct minimum in between. The profile changes with the strength of the magnetic filter field but under all circumstances the plasma emission in ELISE is much more homogeneous compared to the smaller IPP prototype sources. Planned after this successful demonstration of the ELISE OES system is to combine OES with tomography in order to determine locally resolved values for the plasma parameters.

Wünderlich, D.; Fantz, U.; Franzen, P.; Riedl, R. [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik (IPP), EURATOM Association, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik (IPP), EURATOM Association, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Bonomo, F. [Consorzio RFX, EURATOM/ENEA Association, Corso Stati Uniti 4, 35127 Padova (Italy)] [Consorzio RFX, EURATOM/ENEA Association, Corso Stati Uniti 4, 35127 Padova (Italy)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

1, 497531, 2004 Regional hydrology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BGD 1, 497­531, 2004 Regional hydrology controls stream microbial biofilms T. J. Battin et al hydrology controls stream microbial biofilms: evidence from a glacial catchment T. J. Battin1, , A. Wille2@pflaphy.pph.univie.ac.at) 497 #12;BGD 1, 497­531, 2004 Regional hydrology controls stream microbial biofilms T. J. Battin et al

Boyer, Edmond

315

Presentation of Regional SDSN Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Conference topics: Pollution in the Mediterranean sea Climate change Improving the management Energy#12;Presentation of UN SDSN and MED SDSN Regional SDSN Center for the Mediterranean Region #12;UN for the Mediterranean Basin Why a Mediterranean Network? Shared history Shared environment Shared future MED

Garulli, Andrea

316

NORTHEAST REGIONAL REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCT RESERVE | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NORTHEAST REGIONAL REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCT RESERVE NORTHEAST REGIONAL REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCT RESERVE The Northeast region of the U.S. is particularly vulnerable to gasoline...

317

Negative magnetodielectric effect in CaCu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Real part of complex relative dielectric value is relatively decreased as large as ??5?% from 50?K to 200?K in CaCu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12}, by applying a 6-T static magnetic field. CaCu{sub 3}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 12} is thus implied primarily by the negative magnetodielectric effect, as a unified dielectric system in which 1-D finite dipole chains of B-site titanium ions, coexist with a collective of polaron-like 3d-electrons of A-site copper ions: the dipole chains are thermally activated for lattice ionic polarization above 50?K, and suppressed by the short-range hop of these quasi-particles, while their long-range movement are for bulk electronic polarization above 151?K.

Chen, Kai, E-mail: kai@njust.edu.cn, E-mail: jszhu@nju.edu.cn, E-mail: withers@rsc.anu.edu.au [Department of Physics, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094 (China); National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Huang, Chenxi; Zhang, Xirui [Department of Physics, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094 (China); Yu, Yuanlie; Lau, Kenny; Hu, Wanbiao; Li, Qian; Wang, Jian; Withers, Ray L., E-mail: kai@njust.edu.cn, E-mail: jszhu@nju.edu.cn, E-mail: withers@rsc.anu.edu.au [Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Lin, Weiwei; Qiu, Li; Zhu, Jinsong, E-mail: kai@njust.edu.cn, E-mail: jszhu@nju.edu.cn, E-mail: withers@rsc.anu.edu.au [National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Liu, Junming [National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); China and International Center for Materials Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 (China)

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

318

Rare Species Are Valued Big Time Elena Angulo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as ecotourism or the keeping of exotic pets may cause this effect ­ known as the anthropogenic Allee effect high prices [8­10]; negative impacts of ecotourism on species via disturbance would be mostly focused

Courchamp, Franck

319

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study Phase 1, Task 2: Select Value Propositions Government or any agency thereof. #12;ORNL/TM-2008/056 Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Value Propositions Workshop held in Washington, D.C. in December 2007

Pennycook, Steve

320

New effects of a long-lived negatively charged massive particle on big bang nucleosynthesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Primordial {sup 7}Li abundance inferred from observations of metal-poor stars is a factor of about 3 lower than the theoretical value of standard big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) model. One of the solutions to the Li problem is {sup 7}Be destruction during the BBN epoch caused by a long-lived negatively charged massive particle, X{sup ?}. The particle can bind to nuclei, and X-bound nuclei (X-nuclei) can experience new reactions. The radiative X{sup ?} capture by {sup 7}Be nuclei followed by proton capture of the bound state of {sup 7}Be and X{sup ?} ({sup 7}Be{sub x}) is a possible {sup 7}Be destruction reaction. Since the primordial abundance of {sup 7}Li originates mainly from {sup 7}Li produced via the electron capture of {sup 7}Be after BBN, the {sup 7}Be destruction provides a solution to the {sup 7}Li problem. We suggest a new route of {sup 7}Be{sub x} formation, that is the {sup 7}Be charge exchange at the reaction of {sup 7}Be{sup 3+} ion and X{sup ?}. The formation rate depends on the ionization fraction of {sup 7}Be{sup 3+} ion, the charge exchange cross section of {sup 7}Be{sup 3+}, and the probability that excited states {sup 7}Be{sub x}* produced at the charge exchange are converted to the ground state. We find that this reaction can be equally important as or more important than ordinary radiative recombination of {sup 7}Be and X{sup ?}. The effect of this new route is shown in a nuclear reaction network calculation.

Kusakabe, Motohiko [School of Liberal Arts and Science, Korea Aerospace University, Goyang 412-791, Korea and Department of Physics, Soongsil University, Seoul 156-743 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, K. S. [School of Liberal Arts and Science, Korea Aerospace University, Goyang 412-791 (Korea, Republic of); Cheoun, Myung-Ki [Department of Physics, Soongsil University, Seoul 156-743 (Korea, Republic of); Kajino, Toshitaka [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan and Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Kino, Yasushi [Department of Chemistry, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Mathews, Grant J. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan and Center for Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States)

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Near-infrared double negative metamaterials Shuang Zhang, Wenjun Fan, K. J. Malloy and S. R. J. Brueck  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near-infrared double negative metamaterials Shuang Zhang, Wenjun Fan, K. J. Malloy and S. R. J and negative over an overlapping near-infrared wavelength range resulting in a low loss negative. Brueck, "Demonstration of Near-Infrared Negative-Index Materials," Postdeadline Paper at OSA Topical

New Mexico, University of

322

RECYCLING AND REMOVAL OF OFFSHORE WIND TURBINES AN INTERACTIVE METHOD FOR REDUCTION OF NEGATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RECYCLING AND REMOVAL OF OFFSHORE WIND TURBINES ­ AN INTERACTIVE METHOD FOR REDUCTION OF NEGATIVE.borup@risoe.dk ABSTRACT: This paper describes a method for reduction of negative environmental impacts of wind turbines and an analysis of future removal and recycling processes of offshore wind turbines. The method is process

323

Beta-Negative Binomial Process and Poisson Factor Analysis Mingyuan Zhou Lauren A. Hannah  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beta-Negative Binomial Process and Poisson Factor Analysis Mingyuan Zhou Lauren A. Hannah David B 27708, USA Abstract A beta-negative binomial (BNB) process is proposed, leading to a beta-gamma-Poisson process, which may be viewed as a "multi- scoop" generalization of the beta-Bernoulli process. The BNB

Carin, Lawrence

324

ND Atomic Theory 2005-1 Third-order negative-energy contributions to transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ND Atomic Theory 2005-1 Third-order negative-energy contributions to transition amplitudes with one negative-energy intermediate state. Although second-order NES contributions to transition interaction and first-order in the interaction with the electromagnetic field) contributions to transition

Johnson, Walter R.

325

Wormholes, Gamma Ray Bursts and the Amount of Negative Mass in the Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this essay, we assume that negative mass objects can exist in the extragalactic space and analyze the consequences of their microlensing on light from distant Active Galactic Nuclei. We find that such events have very similar features to some observed Gamma Ray Bursts and use recent satellite data to set an upper bound to the amount of negative mass in the universe.

Diego F. Torres; Gustavo E. Romero; Luis A. Anchordoqui

1998-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

326

INDIVIDUALITY-PRESERVING VOICE CONVERSION FOR ARTICULATION DISORDERS BASED ON NON-NEGATIVE MATRIX FACTORIZATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- based spectral conversion using Non-negative Matrix Factorization (NMF) is applied to a voiceINDIVIDUALITY-PRESERVING VOICE CONVERSION FOR ARTICULATION DISORDERS BASED ON NON-NEGATIVE MATRIX FACTORIZATION Ryo AIHARA, Ryoichi TAKASHIMA, Tetsuya TAKIGUCHI, Yasuo ARIKI Graduate School of System

Takiguchi, Tetsuya

327

Equation of state of water under negative pressure Kristina Davitt,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the simultaneous measurements of the speed of sound and the density in liquid water under negative pressure the speed of sound during the passage of a 1 MHz ultrasonic wave. This is coupled with a fiber optic probe. Application of a focused acoustic wave to the bulk liquid is able to generate negative pressures before

Caupin, Frédéric

328

ANALYSIS OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR HUMAN TOLL-LIKE RECEPTOR 3 DOMINANT NEGATIVITY AND SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of dominant negative inhibition of TLR3N-CT is comparable to that of TLR3 ?Toll interleukin-1 receptor (TIR), the previously established standard for dominant negativity. Tyrosine mutants, such as Y759F, have been shown to dramatically reduce TLR3 signal...

Hickey, Matthew

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

329

LOW-LATITUDE CORONAL HOLES, DECAYING ACTIVE REGIONS, AND GLOBAL CORONAL MAGNETIC STRUCTURE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the relationship between decaying active-region magnetic fields, coronal holes, and the global coronal magnetic structure using Global Oscillations Network Group synoptic magnetograms, Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory extreme-ultraviolet synoptic maps, and coronal potential-field source-surface models. We analyze 14 decaying regions and associated coronal holes occurring between early 2007 and late 2010, 4 from cycle 23 and 10 from cycle 24. We investigate the relationship between asymmetries in active regions' positive and negative magnetic intensities, asymmetric magnetic decay rates, flux imbalances, global field structure, and coronal hole formation. Whereas new emerging active regions caused changes in the large-scale coronal field, the coronal fields of the 14 decaying active regions only opened under the condition that the global coronal structure remained almost unchanged. This was because the dominant slowly varying, low-order multipoles prevented opposing-polarity fields from opening and the remnant active-region flux preserved the regions' low-order multipole moments long after the regions had decayed. Thus, the polarity of each coronal hole necessarily matched the polar field on the side of the streamer belt where the corresponding active region decayed. For magnetically isolated active regions initially located within the streamer belt, the more intense polarity generally survived to form the hole. For non-isolated regions, flux imbalance and topological asymmetry prompted the opposite to occur in some cases.

Petrie, G. J. D. [National Solar Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Haislmaier, K. J. [George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Exact solitary solution of Schamel equation in plasmas with negative ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A theoretical investigation is carried out for understanding the properties of the solitary solution in plasmas with negative ions. Schamel equation for a plasma consisting of electron, positive ions and negative ions has been derived by using the reductive perturbation method. The effects of negative ions and the density on the properties of the solitary solution is discussed. We make use of the extended mapping method and auxiliary equation to obtain the solution of Schamel equation. This solution includes the Jacobi elliptic function solutions, hyperbolic function solutions, rational solutions, and periodic wave solutions. Furthermore, we show that the incorporate negative ion effects in the nonlinear propagation of ion acoustic waves that are controlled by trapped electrons and the results of the solitary solution in plasmas with negative ions model are discussed.

El-Kalaawy, O. H. [Mathematics Department, Faculty of Education, Dammam University, P.O. 2375, Dammam 31451 (Saudi Arabia) and Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef 62511 (Egypt)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

331

Regional Public Coordination Transportation Plan Texoma Region #22  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in conjunction with TxDOT to increase public awareness of the project. As an integral part of this project, each of the 24 regions studying public transportation in their area was charged with assessing Barriers, Constraints and Best Practices in public... Sherman TAPS TAPS TAPS operates in seven (7) counties, with three (3) of the counties in the Texoma Region. TAPS services include demand response, commuter bus services and special services. Square Miles Population ?00 Rider Trips ?05 Clay 1...

Texoma Council of Governments

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

The Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This final report summarizes the Phase I research conducted by the Midwest regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (MRCSP). The Phase I effort began in October 2003 and the project period ended on September 31, 2005. The MRCSP is a public/private partnership led by Battelle with the mission of identifying the technical, economic, and social issues associated with implementation of carbon sequestration technologies in its seven state geographic region (Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia) and identifying viable pathways for their deployment. It is one of seven partnerships that together span most of the U.S. and parts of Canada that comprise the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Regional Carbon Sequestration Program led by DOE's national Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The MRCSP Phase I research was carried out under DOE Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-03NT41981. The total value of Phase I was $3,513,513 of which the DOE share was $2,410,967 or 68.62%. The remainder of the cost share was provided in varying amounts by the rest of the 38 members of MRCSP's Phase I project. The next largest cost sharing participant to DOE in Phase I was the Ohio Coal Development Office within the Ohio Air Quality Development Authority (OCDO). OCDO's contribution was $100,000 and was contributed under Grant Agreement No. CDO/D-02-17. In this report, the MRCSP's research shows that the seven state MRCSP region is a major contributor to the U. S. economy and also to total emissions of CO2, the most significant of the greenhouse gases thought to contribute to global climate change. But, the research has also shown that the region has substantial resources for sequestering carbon, both in deep geological reservoirs (geological sequestration) and through improved agricultural and land management practices (terrestrial sequestration). Geological reservoirs, especially deep saline reservoirs, offer the potential to permanently store CO2 for literally 100s of years even if all the CO2 emissions from the region's large point sources were stored there, an unlikely scenario under any set of national carbon emission mitigation strategies. The terrestrial sequestration opportunities in the region have the biophysical potential to sequester up to 20% of annual emissions from the region's large point sources of CO2. This report describes the assumptions made and methods employed to arrive at the results leading to these conclusions. It also describes the results of analyses of regulatory issues in the region affecting the potential for deployment of sequestration technologies. Finally, it describes the public outreach and education efforts carried out in Phase I including the creation of a web site dedicated to the MRCSP at www.mrcsp.org.

James J. Dooley; Robert Dahowski; Casie Davidson

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Possible Fine Structure in the Delayed Neutron Yields in the Resonance Region for Pu-239  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method of analysis of fluctuation in the delayed neutron yield on the basis of the multimodal fission model was applied to the low-energy resolved resonances for Pu-239. The present calculation using recent data of the fluctuation of the mode branching ratios for the resolved resonances showed both positive and negative resonance structure in the delayed neutron yield relative to the thermal neutron value. This is in contrast to the U-235 case, for which mainly negative dips of about -3.5% were predicted.

Ohsawa, Takaaki; Torii, Takayuki [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Kinki University, Higashi-osaka 577-8502 (Japan); Hambsch, Franz-Josef [EC-JRC-Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Retieseweg 111, B-2440 Geel (Belgium)

2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

334

Correlation analysis of mean global radiation values with mean brightness values for one year  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Table 1 shows how three different instruments in the same area (Toronto, Canada) can give quite different values for the same periods. Toronto gives a much lower reading than Toronto-Scarborough or Toronto Meteorological Research Station. Since all... of instrument 15 and the positioning of the instrument can affect the results obtained. Table 1. Variation statistics for three distinct ground-based instru- ments located in the same area. All instruments are in Toronto, Canada, and are less than 20 mi...

Kolczynski, Edward Franklin

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Representation of the Solar Capacity Value in the ReEDS Capacity Expansion Model: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An important emerging issue is the estimation of renewables' contributions to reliably meeting system demand, or their capacity value. While the capacity value of thermal generation can be estimated easily, assessment of wind and solar requires a more nuanced approach due to resource variability. Reliability-based methods, particularly, effective load-carrying capacity (ELCC), are considered to be the most robust techniques for addressing this resource variability. The Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) capacity expansion model and other long-term electricity capacity planning models require an approach to estimating CV for generalized PV and system configurations with low computational and data requirements. In this paper we validate treatment of solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity value by ReEDS capacity expansion model by comparing model results to literature for a range of energy penetration levels. Results from the ReEDS model are found to compare well with both comparisons--despite not being resolved at an hourly scale.

Sigrin, B.; Sullivan, P.; Ibanez, E.; Margolis, R.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Anomalous Emission from HII regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spinning dust appears to be the best explanation for the anomalous emission that has been observed at $\\sim 10-60$ GHz. One of the best examples of spinning dust comes from a HII region in the Perseus molecular cloud. Observations of other HII regions also show tentative evidence for excess emission at frequencies $\\sim 30$ GHz, although at lower emissivity levels. A new detection of excess emission at 31 GHz in the HII region RCW175 has been made. The most plausible explanation again comes from spinning dust. HII regions are a good place to look for spinning dust as long as accurate radio data spanning the $\\sim 5-100$ GHz range is available.

C. Dickinson

2008-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

337

RAFT Regional Algal Feedstock Testbed  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout Session 3B—Integration of Supply Chains III: Algal Biofuels Strategy RAFT Regional Algal Feedstock Testbed Kimberly Ogden, Professor, University of Arizona, Engineering Technical Lead, National Alliance for Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts

338

Pacific Islands Region News Release  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Islands Region News Release Contact: Wende Goo FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE 808-721-4098 May 27 of these unique twins by contributing more than 100 hours of work to construct a holding pen for the young seal

339

Representation of Solar Capacity Value in the ReEDS Capacity Expansion Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An important issue for electricity system operators is the estimation of renewables' capacity contributions to reliably meeting system demand, or their capacity value. While the capacity value of thermal generation can be estimated easily, assessment of wind and solar requires a more nuanced approach due to the resource variability. Reliability-based methods, particularly assessment of the Effective Load-Carrying Capacity, are considered to be the most robust and widely-accepted techniques for addressing this resource variability. This report compares estimates of solar PV capacity value by the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) capacity expansion model against two sources. The first comparison is against values published by utilities or other entities for known electrical systems at existing solar penetration levels. The second comparison is against a time-series ELCC simulation tool for high renewable penetration scenarios in the Western Interconnection. Results from the ReEDS model are found to compare well with both comparisons, despite being resolved at a super-hourly temporal resolution. Two results are relevant for other capacity-based models that use a super-hourly resolution to model solar capacity value. First, solar capacity value should not be parameterized as a static value, but must decay with increasing penetration. This is because -- for an afternoon-peaking system -- as solar penetration increases, the system's peak net load shifts to later in the day -- when solar output is lower. Second, long-term planning models should determine system adequacy requirements in each time period in order to approximate LOLP calculations. Within the ReEDS model we resolve these issues by using a capacity value estimate that varies by time-slice. Within each time period the net load and shadow price on ReEDS's planning reserve constraint signals the relative importance of additional firm capacity.

Sigrin, B.; Sullivan, P.; Ibanez, E.; Margolis, R.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Regional  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared at 278, 298,NIST3 AÇORIANO ORIENTAL SEGUNDA-FEIRA, 5 DE MARÇO DE

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Ion beam driven ion-acoustic waves in a plasma cylinder with negatively charged dust grains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An ion beam propagating through a magnetized potassium plasma cylinder having negatively charged dust grains drives electrostatic ion-acoustic waves to instability via Cerenkov interaction. The phase velocity of sound wave increases with the relative density of negatively charged dust grains. The unstable wave frequencies and the growth rate increase, with the relative density of negatively charged dust grains. The growth rate of the unstable mode scales as one-third power of the beam density. The real part of frequency of the unstable mode increases with the beam energy and scales as almost the one-half power of the beam energy.

Sharma, Suresh C.; Walia, Ritu [Department of Physics, Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Technology, PSP Area Plot No.-1, Sector-22, Rohini, Delhi 110 086 (India); Sharma, Kavita [Department of Physics, Bhagwan Parshuram Institute of Technology, Sector-17, Rohini, New Delhi 110 089 (India)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC-MS analysis. Normalization and missing value imputation for label-free LC-MS analysis. Abstract: Shotgun proteomic data...

343

THE VALUE OF ECONOMIC DISPATCH A REPORT TO CONGRESS PURSUANT...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

THE VALUE OF ECONOMIC DISPATCH A REPORT TO CONGRESS PURSUANT TO SECTION 1234 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 THE VALUE OF ECONOMIC DISPATCH A REPORT TO CONGRESS PURSUANT TO...

344

The Economic Value of Marriage for Same-Sex Couples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10/21/2010 11:26 AM THE ECONOMIC VALUE OF MARRIAGE FOR SAME-1081 II. The Economic Value of Marriage: The Practicalissues usefully tap into economic research and reasoning.

Badgett, M.V. Lee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

The value of accurate automated data collection to manufacturing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this thesis is to demonstrate the value of implementing a novel, accurate automated data collection system and to describe a practical method for doing so. This thesis addresses the value of accurate automated ...

Perez, Alfonso Alexander

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Using value stream mapping to improve forging processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Value stream mapping is a technique that uses icons to map the flow of product through a manufacturing system. These icons are aided by summary statistics to further detail the specific manufacturing system. The value ...

King, Stephen G. (Stephen George), 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Impacts of project management on real option values  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduces the value of real options. The example of resource allocation is used to test this hypothesis. Based on the results, it is concluded that project management reduces the value of real options by reducing variance of the exercise signal...

Bhargav, Shilpa Anandrao

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

348

Austin Energy- Value of Solar Residential Rate (Texas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Austin Energy, the municipal utility of Austin Texas, offers the Value of Solar rate for residential solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. The Value of Solar tariff, designed by Austin Energy and...

349

Value of a Smart Grid System | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Value of a Smart Grid System Value of a Smart Grid System A broad range of industries have embraced technology in their quest to improve productivity, reduce costs and improve...

350

Information and Transformation at Swiss Re: Maximizing Economic Value  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 2007 Swiss Re was striving to maximize economic value, a metric that would allow the company to assess its performance over time despite the volatility of the reinsurance industry. Maximizing economic value required ...

Beath, Cynthia M.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Regional Transmission Projects: Finding Solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Keystone Center convened and facilitated a year-long Dialogue on "Regional Transmission Projects: Finding Solutions" to develop recommendations that will help address the difficult and contentious issues related to expansions of regional electric transmission systems that are needed for reliable and economic transmission of power within and across regions. This effort brought together a cross-section of affected stakeholders and thought leaders to address the problem with the collective wisdom of their experience and interests. Transmission owners sat at the table with consumer advocates and environmental organizations. Representatives from regional transmission organizations exchanged ideas with state and federal regulators. Generation developers explored common interests with public power suppliers. Together, the Dialogue participants developed consensus solutions about how to begin unraveling some of the more intractable issues surrounding identification of need, allocation of costs, and reaching consensus on siting issues that can frustrate the development of regional transmission infrastructure. The recommendations fall into three broad categories: 1. Recommendations on appropriate institutional arrangements and processes for achieving regional consensus on the need for new or expanded transmission infrastructure 2. Recommendations on the process for siting of transmission lines 3. Recommendations on the tools needed to support regional planning, cost allocation, and siting efforts. List of Dialogue participants: List of Dialogue Participants: American Electric Power American Transmission Company American Wind Energy Association California ISO Calpine Corporation Cinergy Edison Electric Institute Environmental Defense Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Great River Energy International Transmission Company ISO-New England Iowa Public Utility Board Kanner & Associates Midwest ISO National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners National Association of State Utility Consumer Advocates National Grid Northeast Utilities PA Office of Consumer Advocates Pacific Gas & Electric Corporation Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission PJM Interconnection The Electricity Consumers Resource Council U.S. Department of Energy US Department of the Interior Van Ness Feldman Western Interstate Energy Board Wind on the Wires Wisconsin Public Service Commission Xcel Energy

The Keystone Center

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

352

Southeast Texas Region Regional Public Transportation Coordination Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Providers Public transportation in the southeast Texas region includes primarily demand- response service, with two localities managing fixed-route systems. Table 2 identifies the transportation providers within the region. The major transportation... citywide bus services with eleven local routes. PAT operates from 6:15am to 6:15pm five days a week. Annual ridership for BMT totaled 671,420 fixed route and 22,155 demand response trips in 2005, while PAT ridership reached 116,632 fixed route and 20...

Southeast Texas Regional Planning Commission

353

Value of Library and Information Services in Patient Care Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Medicine, Middle Atlantic Region School of Information & Library Science, University of North Carolina Network of Libraries of Medicine, Middle Atlantic Region (NNLM/MAR) and the University of North Carolina libraries serving 19 hospitals in MiddleAtlantic Region Survey of physicians, residents and nurses (Sept

Benos, Takis

354

NREL Quantifies Value of CSP to the Grid (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In California study, greater penetration of renewable energy means greater value of CSP with thermal energy storage.

Not Available

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study IInntteerriimm RReeppoorrtt:: PPhhaassee 11 Government or any agency thereof. ORNL/TM-2008/076 #12;Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition 2009 i ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Value Proposition Study

Pennycook, Steve

356

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition Study Phase 1, Task 3:Phase 1, Task 3: Technic Government or any agency thereof. #12;ORNL/TM-2008/068 Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Value Proposition The Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Value Proposition Study is a collaborative effort between

Pennycook, Steve

357

a microsoft white paper Drilling for new Business Value  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a microsoft white paper Drilling for new Business Value How innovative oil and gas companies Perez, Enterprise Architect, Microsoft #12;a microsoft white paper Drilling for new B usiness Value 2 for new B usiness Value 3 executive summary as the buzz about big data makes the leap from technology

Bernstein, Phil

358

Tracking Endocardium Using Optical Flow along Iso-Value Curve  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Tracking Endocardium Using Optical Flow along Iso-Value Curve Qi Duan1, Elsa D. Angelini2 indicators. · A framework of optical flow along iso-value curves is proposed and applied to several cardiac;9 OF along Iso-value Curves · In myocardial motion analysis, motion fields are projected along specific

359

CONSTRUCTION OF MULTIPLY FIXED n-VALUED MAPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSTRUCTION OF MULTIPLY FIXED n-VALUED MAPS Robert F. Brown Department of Mathematics University of California Los Angeles, CA 90095-1555 e-mail: rfb@math.ucla.edu September 29, 2014 Abstract A self-map, either single-valued or multi-valued, is multiply fixed if every map homotopic to it has at least two

Brown, Robert F.

360

Value for Money Policy Originator name: Ed Nelson & James Newby  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Value for Money Policy Originator name: Ed Nelson & James Newby Department: Business Support Policy and the incorporation of a value for money approach to all its activities. The pursuit of economy, efficiency every penny must be earned, it has a responsibility to achieve value for money from all its activities

Doran, Simon J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Non-negative Laplacian Embedding Dijun Luo, Chris Ding, Heng Huang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-negative Laplacian Embedding Dijun Luo, Chris Ding, Heng Huang Computer Science and Engineering Department University of Texas at Arlington Arlington, Texas, 76019 dijun.luo@gmail.com, {chqding,heng

Li, Tao

362

Negative refraction imaging of acoustic metamaterial lens in the supersonic range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Acoustic metamaterials with negative refraction index is the most promising method to overcome the diffraction limit of acoustic imaging to achieve ultrahigh resolution. In this paper, we use localized resonant phononic crystal as the unit cell to construct the acoustic negative refraction lens. Based on the vibration model of the phononic crystal, negative quality parameters of the lens are obtained while excited near the system resonance frequency. Simulation results show that negative refraction of the acoustic lens can be achieved when a sound wave transmiting through the phononic crystal plate. The patterns of the imaging field agree well with that of the incident wave, while the dispersion is very weak. The unit cell size in the simulation is 0.0005 m and the wavelength of the sound source is 0.02 m, from which we show that acoustic signal can be manipulated through structures with dimensions much smaller than the wavelength of incident wave.

Han, Jianning [School of Information and Communication Engineering, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051 (China); Wen, Tingdun [Key Laboratory of Instrumental Science and Dynamic Testing, Ministry of Education, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051 (China); Key Laboratory of Electronic Testing Technology, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051 (China); Yang, Peng; Zhang, Lu [Key Laboratory of Electronic Testing Technology, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051 (China)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

363

E-Print Network 3.0 - apparent negative dispersion Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

results for: apparent negative dispersion Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 SpecialFeature Ecology, 84(8), 2003, pp. 19451956 Summary: ; unspec, dispersal units with no apparent...

364

E-Print Network 3.0 - antinuclear antibody negative Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

46 items ranked from 0 (most negative) to 10 (most positive... by the clarification of gout no differences could be proven. The target criterion of ordering a test for...

365

ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE AS NEGATIVE EXTERNALITY: UNCERTAINTY, MORAL COMPLEXITY AND THE LIMITS OF THE MARKET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

21 ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE AS NEGATIVE EXTERNALITY: UNCERTAINTY, MORAL COMPLEXITY AND THE LIMITS environmental damage with a sociological approach, I show how the process of externalities definition inclusive and democratic public deliberation on environmental damage and its reparation. Key Words

Boyer, Edmond

366

On the maximum value of the cosmic abundance of oxygen and the oxygen yield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We search for the maximum oxygen abundance in spiral galaxies. Because this maximum value is expected to occur in the centers of the most luminous galaxies, we have constructed the luminosity - central metallicity diagram for spiral galaxies, based on a large compilation of existing data on oxygen abundances of HII regions in spiral galaxies. We found that this diagram shows a plateau at high luminosities (-22.3 oxygen abundance 12+log(O/H) ~ 8.87. This provides strong evidence that the oxygen abundance in the centers of the most luminous metal-rich galaxies reaches the maximum attainable value of oxygen abundance. Since some fraction of the oxygen (about 0.08 dex) is expected to be locked into dust grains, the maximum value of the true gas+dust oxygen abundance in spiral galaxies is 12+log(O/H) ~ 8.95. This value is a factor of ~ 2 higher than the recently estimated solar value. Based on the derived maximum oxygen abundance in galaxies, we found the oxygen yield to be about 0.0035, depending on the fraction of oxygen incorporated into dust grains.

L. S. Pilyugin; T. X. Thuan; J. M. Vilchez

2007-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

367

Unintended consequences of negative messages: why some health interventions miss the mark  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of their experiences and social circles. Research has shown that behavioral decisions about other socially-relevant issues are more influenced by a negative image or message (Blanton, VandenEijnden, Buunk, Gibbons, Gerrard, & Bakker, 2001). In fact, Blanton et al... condoms ultimately decreased willingness to have unsafe sex. Others have indicated that instilling negative images of people who engage in an explicit risk behavior can be influential when communicating about a health-related issue (Gerrard, Gibbons...

Burpo, Jill Elizabeth

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

368

Effect of nickel grid parameters on production of negative hydrogen ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Negative hydrogen ions are produced by plasma-assisted catalytic ionization using a nickel grid. When positive ions passing through the grid are decelerated by an electric field, the extraction current density of passing positive ions is sharply reduced by neutralization and negative ionization of the ions. This phenomenon is found to depend on the specific surface area of the grid and the current density.

Oohara, W.; Yokoyama, H.; Takeda, Toshiaki; Maetani, Y.; Takeda, Takashi; Kawata, K. [Department of Electronic Device Engineering, Yamaguchi University, Ube 755-8611 (Japan)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Study of Compact Tunable Filters Using Negative Refractive Index Transmission Lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 STUDY OF COMPACT TUNABLE FILTERS USING NEGATIVE REFRACTIVE INDEX TRANSMISSION LINES A Thesis by BRIAN PATRICK LEWIS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... Brian Patrick Lewis 3 STUDY OF COMPACT TUNABLE FILTERS USING NEGATIVE REFRACTIVE INDEX TRANSMISSION LINES A Thesis by BRIAN PATRICK LEWIS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial...

Lewis, Brian Patrick

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

370

Negative Energy Density States for the Dirac Field in Flat Spacetime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Negative energy densities in the Dirac field produced by state vectors that are the superposition of two single particle electron states are examined. I show that for such states the energy density of the field is not bounded from below and that the quantum inequalities derived for scalar fields are satisfied. I also show that it is not possible to produce negative energy densities in a scalar field using state vectors that are arbitrary superpositions of single particle states.

Dan N. Vollick

1998-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

Regional Partnerships | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar HomePromising ScienceRecent SRELRecyclingProjectsRegionalRegional

372

A study of temperature compensating circuits for voltage references which use negative temperature coefficient zener diodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Character- istics in Breakdown Region . 13 3f. 1N 751 Zener Diode Voltage vs Current Character- istics in Breakdown Region . 14 3g, lN752 Zener Diode Voltage vs Current Character- istics in Breakdown Region 15 4a. 1N746 Zener Diode Ambient Temperature... vs Voltage Characteristics in Breakdown Region. . . . . . . . . . 16 4b. IN747 Zener Diode Ambient Temperature vs Voltage Characteristics in Breakdown Region. . . . . . . . . . 17 4c. 1N748 Zener Diode Ambient Temperature vs Voltage...

Coleman, Spencer Delano

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Saskatchewan's Regional Colleges: Towards a New System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Saskatchewan's Regional Colleges: Towards a New System ReGional ColleGe Review FiNal RepoRT · Ma and any other matters concerning the Act. There are seven regional colleges in Saskatchewan: Carlton TrailVieW CHaiR Saskatchewan's Regional Colleges: Towards a New System #12;ReGional ColleGe Review 2010 Fi

Saskatchewan, University of

374

Bottle Habitat Region: Great Lakes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-liter plastic soda bottles for each group · A water source · A light source (sunlight or a halogen lamp) · BlackBottle Habitat Region: Great Lakes Grade Level(s): 5-8 Time Required: One 50 minute class period/Instructional Strategies: 1. Students will, in groups of four, construct 2 aquatic habitats using 2 two-liter soda bottles

375

Regional water planning Milind Sohoni  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ irrigation: generally subsidized by state ­ poor households generally subsidized within community #12;CaseRegional water planning Milind Sohoni Pooja Prasad CTARA IIT Bombay #12;Need for planning · Rising Annual Gross Utilisation : 134.26 Mcft. 166.08 Mcft. 12 Top of Dam Level : 103.00 m. 134.00 m. 13 H

Sohoni, Milind

376

On using Extreme Values to detect global stability thresholds in multi-stable systems: The case of transitional plane Couette flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extreme Value Theory (EVT) is exploited to determine the global stability threshold $R_g$ of plane Couette flow --the flow of a viscous fluid in the space between two parallel plates-- whose laminar or turbulent behavior depends on the Reynolds number R. Even if the existence of a global stability threshold has been detected in simulations and experiments, its numerical value has not been unequivocally defined. $R_g$ is the value such that for $R > R_g$ turbulence is sustained, whereas for $R energy fluctuations. When $R_g$, both the positive and negative extremes are bounded. As the critical Reynolds number is approached from above, the probability of observing a very low minimum increases causing asymmetries in the distributions of maxima and minima. On the other hand, the maxima distribution is unaffected as the fluctuations towards higher values of the perturbation energy remain bounded. This tipping point can be detected by fitting the data to the Generalized Extreme Value (GEV) distribution and by identifying $R_g$ as the value of $R$ such that the shape parameter of the GEV for the minima changes sign from negative to positive. The results are supported by the analysis of theoretical models which feature a bistable behavior.

Davide Faranda; Valerio Lucarini; Paul Manneville; Jeroen Wouters

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

377

EE Regional Technology Roadmap Includes comparison  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EE Regional Technology Roadmap Includes comparison against 6th Power Plan (Update cyclically Data Clearinghouse BPA/RTF NEEA/Regional Programs Group Update Regional EE Technology Roadmap Lighting

378

U.S. Policy and the Future of Uzbekistan: Promoting Reform, Security, and Regional Stability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capstone Briefing Bush School of Government and Public Service May 10, 2007 Game Structure – 3 Moves Teams – United (US), Russia (RF), Uzbekistan (UZ), Kyrgyzstan (KG), and Islamists Move One Karimov’s plane down in Kyrgyz... and maintain military and political cooperation with UZ. GOAL MEANS 2 Kyrgyzstan Move 1 SITUATION MEANS 1 NEGATIVE RESULT President Karimov has disappeared, uncertainty is creating the potential for chaos. Treat as regional issue. Approach the Uzbeks...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Regional GHG Emissions Stat s Greenhouse Gas and the Regional  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(milliontonsCO2) Petroleum + Pet Coke Natural Gas Coal 8 0.0 10.0 20.0 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 and ½ Valmy coal plants) 2 #12;6/5/2013 2 GHG Emissions by Economic Sector in the Pacific Northwest (2010 Renewables 7 6%In 2011, the region 0.2% 6.4% Coal, 15.7% Nuclear, 2.0% 7.6%, g generated ~27,000 MWa ­ 68

380

Texas State Planning Region 3 Report of Regional Transportation Coordination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the 24 regions studying public transportation in their area was charged with assessing Barriers, Constraints and Best Practices in public transportation. This Coordination Committee addressed this issue with enthusiasm, generating significant topics...DOT requirement that all vehicles be ADA compliant, Medicaid restrictions and Insurance as significant barriers to public transportation. Best practices included sharing of information regarding this project through publication in rural newspapers, inter...

Nortex Regional Planning Commission

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Regional geophysics, Cenozoic tectonics and geologic resources...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and adjoining regions Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Proceedings: Regional geophysics, Cenozoic tectonics and geologic resources of...

382

Clean Cities Regional Support & Petroleum Displacement Awards...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Clean Cities Regional Support & Petroleum Displacement Awards Clean Cities Regional Support & Petroleum Displacement Awards 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies...

383

Regional Systems Development for Geothermal Energy Resources...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Regional Systems Development for Geothermal Energy Resources Pacific Region (California and Hawaii)....

384

Q value of the 100Mo Double-Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Penning trap measurements using mixed beams of 100Mo - 100Ru and 76Ge - 76Se have been utilized to determine the double-beta decay Q-values of 100Mo and 76Ge with uncertainties less than 200 eV. The value for 76Ge, 2039.04(16) keV is in agreement with the published SMILETRAP value. The new value for 100Mo, 3034.40(17) keV is 30 times more precise than the previous literature value, sufficient for the ongoing neutrinoless double-beta decay searches in 100Mo. Moreover, the precise Q-value is used to calculate the phase-space integrals and the experimental nuclear matrix element of double-beta decay.

S. Rahaman; V. -V. Elomaa; T. Eronen; J. Hakala; A. Jokinen; J. Julin; A. Kankainen; A. Saastamoinen; J. Suhonen; C. Weber; J. Äystö

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

385

Collective Flow of Protons and Negative Pions in Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions at Momentum of $4.2 ÷4.5$ AGeV/c  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Collective flow of protons and negative pions has been studied within the momentum region of $4.2 \\div 4.5$ AGeV/c ($E =3.4 \\div 3.7$ AGeV) for different projectile-target combinations involving carbon and, specifically, He-C, C-C, C-Ne, C-Cu and C-Ta. The data stem from the SKM-200-GIBS streamer chamber and from Propane Bubble Chamber systems utilized at JINR. The directed flow of protons grows dramatically in the carbon region when the counterpart nucleus grows in mass between He and Ta. The elliptic proton flow points out of the reaction plane and also strengthens as system mass increases. Within the reaction plane, the negative pions flow in the same direction as protons for the lighter of the investigated systems, He-C, C-C and C-Ne, and in the opposite direction for the heavier, C-Cu and C-Ta. The Quark-Gluon String Model reproduces observed changes in the flow with system mass.

L. Chkhaidze; P. Danielewicz; T. Djobava; L. Kharkhelauri; E. Kladnitskaya

2007-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

386

Target Value Design: Applications to Newborn Intensive Care Units  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

teams are considering the transition from open-bay NICUs to single-family-room (SFR) units. This paper introduces the guiding principles behind target value design (TVD)—a price-led design methodology that is gaining acceptance in healthcare facility... pioneers. A working knowledge of the TVD framework is important for integrating long-term value into a NICU facility. Lean Construction and the Emergence of Target Value Design Success principles that originated from the Toyota Production System, later...

Rybkowski, Zofia K.; Shepley, Mardelle McCuskey; Ballard, H. Glenn

2015-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

387

Avaya one-XTM Deskphone Value Edition 1603 IP Telephone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Avaya one-XTM Deskphone Value Edition 1603 IP Telephone User Guide 16-601444 Issue 1 July 2007 #12 ..................................................................................................... 5 Introduction to the 1603 IP Telephone .................................................. 7

388

Earned Value Management System (EVMS) and Project Analysis Standard...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Management System (EVMS) and Project Analysis Standard Operating Procedure (EPASOP)- March 2014 Earned Value Management System (EVMS) and Project Analysis Standard Operating...

389

Pumped Storage Hydropower (Detailed Analysis to Demonstrate Value...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3modeanlkoritarov20111027.ppt More Documents & Publications Quantifying Fl Value of Hydro in Transmission Grid 2014 Water Power Program Peer Review Compiled Presentations:...

390

The Value of Information in the Newsvendor Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effective action. In other ..... values of ?1 affect system performance significantly. Due to the ... As in the previous case, the holding cost appears to only have a.

2007-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

391

Existence of solutions to boundary value problems for smectic liquid ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Existence of solutions to boundary value problems for smectic liquid crys- tals. Abstract. We investigate variational problems for an energy developed by the.

2009-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

392

an inverse boundary value problem for the stationary transport ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

outer normal to ?X at x ? ?X. Let us denote by f the solution (if exists) to the following boundary value problem for the stationary linear transport (Boltzmann)

393

Double-{beta} decay Q value of {sup 150}Nd  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The double-{beta} decay Q value of {sup 150}Nd was determined by using the JYFLTRAP Penning trap mass spectrometer. The measured mass difference between {sup 150}Nd and {sup 150}Sm is 3371.38(20) keV. This new value deviates by 3.7 keV from the previously adopted value of 3367.7(22) keV and is a factor of 10 more precise. Accurate knowledge of this Q value is important because {sup 150}Nd is a primary candidate to be used in the search for neutrinoless double-{beta} decay modes in several experiments.

Kolhinen, V. S.; Eronen, T.; Gorelov, D.; Hakala, J.; Jokinen, A.; Kankainen, A.; Moore, I. D.; Rissanen, J.; Saastamoinen, A.; Suhonen, J.; Aeystoe, J. [Department of Physics, P. O. Box 35 (YFL), FI-40014 University of Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

394

Robust Waste-to-Value Solution Using Advanced Monitoring and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Monitoring and Controls Introduction Waste-to-value is a promising and comprehensive wastewater processing solution being pursued by GE that recovers valuable energy and purified...

395

Optimality conditions of set-valued optimization p...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimality conditions of set-valued optimization problem involving relative algebraic interior in ordered linear spaces. Zhi-Ang Zhoua, Xin-Min Yangb and ...

2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

396

NREL: State and Local Governments - Value of Solar: Program Design...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the Benefits and Costs of Distributed Photovoltaic Generation to the U.S. Electric Grid" Value of Solar Policy Basics Printable Version State & Local Governments Home Blog...

397

LOW-HIGH VALUES FOR PETROLEUM AVERAGE INVENTORY RANGES (MILLION...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION LOW-HIGH VALUES FOR PETROLEUM AVERAGE INVENTORY RANGES (MILLION BARRELS) FILE UPDATED April 2004 Line Month Low High Number Product Name Geography...

398

Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership's (SECARB) Phase I program focused on promoting the development of a framework and infrastructure necessary for the validation and commercial deployment of carbon sequestration technologies. The SECARB program, and its subsequent phases, directly support the Global Climate Change Initiative's goal of reducing greenhouse gas intensity by 18 percent by the year 2012. Work during the project's two-year period was conducted within a ''Task Responsibility Matrix''. The SECARB team was successful in accomplishing its tasks to define the geographic boundaries of the region; characterize the region; identify and address issues for technology deployment; develop public involvement and education mechanisms; identify the most promising capture, sequestration, and transport options; and prepare action plans for implementation and technology validation activity. Milestones accomplished during Phase I of the project are listed below: (1) Completed preliminary identification of geographic boundaries for the study (FY04, Quarter 1); (2) Completed initial inventory of major sources and sinks for the region (FY04, Quarter 2); (3) Completed initial development of plans for GIS (FY04, Quarter 3); (4) Completed preliminary action plan and assessment for overcoming public perception issues (FY04, Quarter 4); (5) Assessed safety, regulatory and permitting issues (FY05, Quarter 1); (6) Finalized inventory of major sources/sinks and refined GIS algorithms (FY05, Quarter 2); (7) Refined public involvement and education mechanisms in support of technology development options (FY05, Quarter 3); and (8) Identified the most promising capture, sequestration and transport options and prepared action plans (FY05, Quarter 4).

Kenneth J. Nemeth

2006-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

399

Recommended Parameter Values for GENII Modeling of Radionuclides in Routine Air and Water Releases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The GENII v2 code is used to estimate dose to individuals or populations from the release of radioactive materials into air or water. Numerous parameter values are required for input into this code. User-defined parameters cover the spectrum from chemical data, meteorological data, agricultural data, and behavioral data. This document is a summary of parameter values that reflect conditions in the United States. Reasonable regional and age-dependent data is summarized. Data availability and quality varies. The set of parameters described address scenarios for chronic air emissions or chronic releases to public waterways. Considerations for the special tritium and carbon-14 models are briefly addressed. GENIIv2.10.0 is the current software version that this document supports.

Snyder, Sandra F.; Arimescu, Carmen; Napier, Bruce A.; Hay, Tristan R.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Developing a Regional Recovery Framework  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract A biological attack would present an unprecedented challenge for local, state, and federal agencies; the military; the private sector; and individuals on many fronts ranging from vaccination and treatment to prioritization of cleanup actions to waste disposal. To prepare the Seattle region to recover from a biological attack, the Seattle Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI) partners collaborated with military and federal agencies to develop a Regional Recovery Framework for a Biological Attack in the Seattle Urban Area. The goal was to reduce the time and resources required to recover and restore wide urban areas, military installations, and other critical infrastructure following a biological incident by providing a coordinated systems approach. Based on discussions in small workshops, tabletop exercises, and interviews with emergency response agency staff, the partners identified concepts of operation for various areas to address critical issues the region will face as recovery progresses. Key to this recovery is the recovery of the economy. Although the Framework is specific to a catastrophic, wide-area biological attack using anthrax, it was designed to be flexible and scalable so it could also serve as the recovery framework for an all-hazards approach. The Framework also served to coalesce policy questions that must be addressed for long-term recovery. These questions cover such areas as safety and health, security, financial management, waste management, legal issues, and economic development.

Lesperance, Ann M.; Olson, Jarrod; Stein, Steven L.; Clark, Rebecca; Kelly, Heather; Sheline, Jim; Tietje, Grant; Williamson, Mark; Woodcock, Jody

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Numerical study of atomic production rate in hydrogen negative ion sources with the effect of non-equilibrium electron energy distribution function  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spatial non-uniformity of the dissociative hydrogen atom (H{sup 0}) production has been investigated in a large negative ion source (JAEA 10 A source) with the electron energy distribution function (EEDF) obtained by a Monte-Carlo simulation code for electron transport in 3D3V (three dimensional real and velocity) space. It has been shown that the H{sup 0} production rate becomes larger in the upper region (one side in the longitudinal direction) of the source chamber. This spatial non-uniformity of the H{sup 0} production profile is mainly explained by the non-equilibrium features of the EEDF in the upper region, i.e., the EEDF consists of thermal electron component with kinetic energy ? < 25 eV and fast electron component with energy ? > 25 eV in the upper region, while the EEDF mainly consists of only thermal electrons in the bottom region. These characteristics for the EEDF and the energy dependence of cross-sections for dissociation and dissociative ionization processes lead to the non-uniform profile of the H{sup 0} production. The above numerical results of the spatial H{sup 0} non-uniformity are validated and confirmed by comparisons with those by spectroscopic measurement. It has been clarified that the non-equilibrium (fast electron) component of the EEDF has a large contribution to the non-uniformity of the H{sup 0} production rate.

Shibata, T.; Hatayama, A. [Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Yokohama 223-8522 (Japan)] [Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Yokohama 223-8522 (Japan); Kashiwagi, M.; Inoue, T.; Hanada, M. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukouyama, Naka 311-0193 (Japan)] [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukouyama, Naka 311-0193 (Japan)

2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

402

Hierarchical probabilistic regionalization of volcanism for Sengan region in Japan using multivariate statistical techniques and geostatistical interpolation techniques.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories, under contract to Nuclear Waste Management Organization of Japan (NUMO), is performing research on regional classification of given sites in Japan with respect to potential volcanic disruption using multivariate statistics and geo-statistical interpolation techniques. This report provides results obtained for hierarchical probabilistic regionalization of volcanism for the Sengan region in Japan by applying multivariate statistical techniques and geostatistical interpolation techniques on the geologic data provided by NUMO. A workshop report produced in September 2003 by Sandia National Laboratories (Arnold et al., 2003) on volcanism lists a set of most important geologic variables as well as some secondary information related to volcanism. Geologic data extracted for the Sengan region in Japan from the data provided by NUMO revealed that data are not available at the same locations for all the important geologic variables. In other words, the geologic variable vectors were found to be incomplete spatially. However, it is necessary to have complete geologic variable vectors to perform multivariate statistical analyses. As a first step towards constructing complete geologic variable vectors, the Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) zone 54 projected coordinate system and a 1 km square regular grid system were selected. The data available for each geologic variable on a geographic coordinate system were transferred to the aforementioned grid system. Also the recorded data on volcanic activity for Sengan region were produced on the same grid system. Each geologic variable map was compared with the recorded volcanic activity map to determine the geologic variables that are most important for volcanism. In the regionalized classification procedure, this step is known as the variable selection step. The following variables were determined as most important for volcanism: geothermal gradient, groundwater temperature, heat discharge, groundwater pH value, presence of volcanic rocks and presence of hydrothermal alteration. Data available for each of these important geologic variables were used to perform directional variogram modeling and kriging to estimate values for each variable at 23949 centers of the chosen 1 km cell grid system that represents the Sengan region. These values formed complete geologic variable vectors at each of the 23,949 one km cell centers.

Park, Jinyong (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Balasingham, P. (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); McKenna, Sean Andrew; Kulatilake, Pinnaduwa H. S. W. (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ)

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Regional aquifers and petroleum in Williston Basin region of US  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At least five major aquifers underlie the northern Great Plains of the US, which includes parts of the Williston basin in Montana and North Dakota. These aquifers form a hydrologic system that extends more than 960 km from recharge areas in the Rocky Mountains to discharge areas in eastern North Dakota and the Canadian Provinces of Manitoba and Saskatchewan. The regional flow system in the aquifers has had a major effect on the chemical composition of ground water within the Williston basin. Hydrodynamic forces may contribute to the accumulation of petroleum within the basin.

Downey, J.S.; Busby, J.F.; Dinwiddie, G.A.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Analyzing the Effects of Temporal Wind Patterns on the Value ofWind-Generated Electricity at Different Sites in California and theNorthwest  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind power production varies on a diurnal and seasonal basis. In this report, we use wind speed data modeled by TrueWind Solutions, LLC (now AWS Truewind) to assess the effects of wind timing on the value of electric power from potential wind farm locations in California and the Northwest. (Data from this dataset are referred to as ''TrueWind data'' throughout this report.) The intra-annual wind speed variations reported in the TrueWind datasets have not previously been used in published work, however, so we also compare them to a collection of anemometer wind speed measurements and to a limited set of actual wind farm production data. The research reported in this paper seeks to answer three specific questions: (1) How large of an effect can the temporal variation of wind power have on the value of wind in different wind resource areas? (2) Which locations are affected most positively or negatively by the seasonal and diurnal timing of wind speeds? (3) How compatible are wind resources in the Northwest and California with wholesale power prices and loads in either region? The latter question is motivated by the fact that wind power projects in the Northwest could sell their output into California (and vice versa), and that California has an aggressive renewable energy policy that may ultimately yield such imports. Based on our research, we reach three key conclusions. (1) Temporal patterns have a moderate impact on the wholesale market value of wind power and a larger impact on the capacity factor during peak hours. The best-timed wind power sites have a wholesale market value that is up to 4 percent higher than the average market price, while the worst-timed sites have a market value that is up to 11 percent below the average market price. The best-timed wind sites could produce as much as 30-40 percent more power during peak hours than they do on average during the year, while the worst timed sites may produce 30-60 percent less power during peak hours. (2) Northwestern markets appear to be well served by Northwestern wind and poorly served by California wind; results are less clear for California markets. Both the modeled TrueWind data and the anemometer data indicate that many Northwestern wind sites are reasonably well-matched to the Northwest's historically winter-peaking wholesale electricity prices and loads, while most California sites are poorly matched to these prices and loads. However, the TrueWind data indicate that most California and Northwestern wind sites are poorly matched to California's summer-afternoon-peaking prices and loads, while the anemometer data suggest that many of these same sites are well matched to California's wholesale prices and loads. (3) TrueWind and anemometer data agree about wind speeds in most times and places, but disagree about California's summer afternoon wind speeds: The TrueWind data indicate that wind speeds at sites in California's coastal mountains and some Northwestern locations dip deeply during summer days and stay low through much of the afternoon. In contrast, the anemometer data indicate that winds at these sites begin to rise during the afternoon and are relatively strong when power is needed most. At other times and locations, the two datasets show good agreement. This disagreement may be due in part to time-varying wind shear between the anemometer heights (20-25m) and the TrueWind reference height (50m or 70m), but may also be due to modeling errors or data collection inconsistencies.

Fripp, Matthias; Wiser, Ryan

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

405

Simulation Studies of Hydrogen Ion reflection from Tungsten for the Surface Production of Negative Hydrogen Ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The production efficiency of negative ions at tungsten surface by particle reflection has been investigated. Angular distributions and energy spectra of reflected hydrogen ions from tungsten surface are calculated with a Monte Carlo simulation code ACAT. The results obtained with ACAT have indicated that angular distributions of reflected hydrogen ions show narrow distributions for low-energy incidence such as 50 eV, and energy spectra of reflected ions show sharp peaks around 90% of incident energy. These narrow angular distributions and sharp peaks are favorable for the efficient extraction of negative ions from an ion source equipped with tungsten surface as negative ionization converter. The retained hydrogen atoms in tungsten lead to the reduction in extraction efficiency due to boarded angular distributions.

Kenmotsu, Takahiro; Wada, Motoi [Doshisha University, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0394 (Japan)

2011-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

406

Photodissociation and charge transfer dynamics of negative ions studied with femtosecond photoelectron spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation presents studies aimed at understanding the potential energy surfaces and dynamics of isolated negative ions, and the effects of solvent on each. Although negative ions play important roles in atmospheric and solution phase chemistry, to a large extent the ground and excited state potential energy surfaces of gas phase negative ions are poorly characterized, and solvent effects even less well understood. In an effort to fill this gap, the author's coworkers and the author have developed a new technique, anion femtosecond photoelectron spectroscopy, and applied it to gas phase photodissociation and charge transfer processes. Studies are presented that (1) characterize the ground and excited states of isolated and clustered anions, (2) monitor the photodissociation dynamics of isolated and clustered anions, and (3) explore the charge-transfer-to-solvent states of atomic iodide clustered with polar and non-polar solvents.

Zanni, Martin T.

1999-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

407

Vacuum insulation of the high energy negative ion source for fusion application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vacuum insulation on a large size negative ion accelerator with multiple extraction apertures and acceleration grids for fusion application was experimentally examined and designed. In the experiment, vacuum insulation characteristics were investigated in the JT-60 negative ion source with >1000 apertures on the grid with the surface area of {approx}2 m{sup 2}. The sustainable voltages varied with a square root of the gap lengths between the grids, and decreased with number of the apertures and with the surface area of the grids. Based on the obtained results, the JT-60SA (super advanced) negative ion source is designed to produce 22 A, 500 keV D{sup -} ion beams for 100 s.

Kojima, A.; Hanada, M.; Inoue, T.; Watanabe, K.; Taniguchi, M.; Kashiwagi, M.; Umeda, N.; Tobari, H. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Naka, Ibaraki 311-0193 (Japan); Hilmi, A.; Kobayashi, S.; Yamano, Y. [Saitama University, Saitama, Saitama-ken, 338-8570 (Japan); Grisham, L. R. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

408

Twin Cities Regional Bicycle System Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Twin Cities Regional Bicycle System Study Developing a Regional Bicycle Network CTS Research Corridors Analysis Results Proposed Regional Bicycle Network Critical Bicycle Links Next Steps Introduction #12;3 Improve knowledge base of regional bicycle transportation system and learn · How on

Minnesota, University of

409

Valuing Stocksg Copyright 2011 Pearson Prentice Hall. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flows are risky, we must discount them at the equity cost of capital. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Prentice of the stock price to estimates of those two factors. Copyright © 2011 Pearson Prentice Hall. All rights to estimate stock value10. Use comparable firm multiples to estimate stock value. Copyright © 2011 Pearson

Schubart, Christoph

410

CARVE: A Cognitive Agent for Resource Value Estimation Jonathan Wildstrom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In ICAC, June 2008. CARVE: A Cognitive Agent for Resource Value Estimation Jonathan Wildstrom computational resources (processing, memory and I/O) are availably on demand at a market cost. On-demand access and accurately estimate the value of the resource. This paper introduces CARVE: a Cognitive Agent for Resource

Witchel, Emmett

411

DETERMINATION OF GUIDANCE VALUES FOR CLOSED LANDFILL GAS EMISSIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DETERMINATION OF GUIDANCE VALUES FOR CLOSED LANDFILL GAS EMISSIONS O. BOUR*, S. BERGER**, C Gambetta, 74 000 Annecy SUMMARY: In order to promote active landfill gas collection and treatment or natural attenuation, it is necessary to identify trigger values concerning landfill gas emissions

Boyer, Edmond

412

FU, CHAO-YING Compiler-Driven Value Speculation Scheduling.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT FU, CHAO-YING Compiler-Driven Value Speculation Scheduling. (Under the direction of Prof inputs. #12;COMPILER-DRIVEN VALUE SPECULATION SCHEDULING by CHAO-YING FU A dissertation submitted of Advisory Committee Prof. Paul D. Franzon Prof. Wentai Liu Prof. Eric Rotenberg #12;ii Biography Chao-ying

Conte, Thomas M.

413

Brief description of Valuing Intellectual Capital, Multinationals and Taxhavens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

methods for measuring the value of intangible assets within their company Author is an emeritus professor at Stanford University and a leading consultant on IP valuation Valuing Intellectual Capital provides readers that illustrates how large corporations need to measure the worth of their intangible assets. Each method

Pratt, Vaughan

414

Cultural Waters: Values of Water Resources in Hidalgo, Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and meanings. These values and meanings, in turn, have a strong influence on how people use water and how they relate to sources and suppliers of water. My study examined the complex and global challenge of managing water by focusing on cultural values...

Hurst, Kristin

2013-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

415

Conservation and Economics How do we put a $ value on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Biodiversity · ­ Use of resources (e.g. timber, fish, appreciation of landscape) · ­ Ecosystem services, option" there is a market for valuation of existence or bequest value · Contingent valuation method ­ Using surveys to assess WTP · Willingness to pay (WTP) #12;#12;Value of Ecosystem Services 0.7Atmospheric gas balance 0

Gottgens, Hans

416

.ROBUST SPEECH RECOGNITION USING SINGULAR VALUE DECOMPOSITION BASED SPEECH ENHANCEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.ROBUST SPEECH RECOGNITION USING SINGULAR VALUE DECOMPOSITION BASED SPEECH ENHANCEMENT B. T. Lilly the performance of a speechrecognition system in the presence of noise, is to enhance the speech prior to its is the enhanced speech signal. In the experiments presented in this paper, we use singu- lar value decomposition

417

FOREST VALUES IN NORTHERN ONTARIO: PUBLIC TRADEOFFS AND SUSTAINABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOREST VALUES IN NORTHERN ONTARIO: PUBLIC TRADEOFFS AND SUSTAINABILITY by Jeff Moore H Management PROJECT TITLE: Forest Values in Northern Ontario: Public Tradeoffs and Sustainability REPORT NO: August 2, 2002 #12;iii ABSTRACT Ecosystem management, which is premised on the goal of sustainability

418

Integer-valued Levy processes and low latency financial econometrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integer-valued L´evy processes and low latency financial econometrics Ole E. Barndorff Abstract Motivated by features of low latency data in financial econometrics we study in detail integer- valued L´evy processes as the basis of price processes for high frequency econometrics. We propose using

Wolfe, Patrick J.

419

Value Withdrawal Explanation in CSP G erard Ferrand Willy Lesaint  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a value from a domain". This notion of explanation is essential for the debugging of CSP programs. IndeedValue Withdrawal Explanation in CSP #3; G#19;erard Ferrand Willy Lesaint Alexandre Tessier LIFO, BP Constraint Satisfaction Problems (CSP) [17], that is to provide an instantiation of the variables which

Lesaint, Willy

420

Value Withdrawal Explanation in CSP Gerard Ferrand Willy Lesaint  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a value from a domain". This notion of explanation is essential for the debugging of CSP programs. IndeedValue Withdrawal Explanation in CSP G´erard Ferrand Willy Lesaint Alexandre Tessier LIFO, BP 6759 Satisfaction Problems (CSP) [17], that is to provide an instantiation of the variables which is correct

Lesaint, Willy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

FORECAST VERIFICATION OF EXTREMES: USE OF EXTREME VALUE THEORY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 FORECAST VERIFICATION OF EXTREMES: USE OF EXTREME VALUE THEORY Rick Katz Institute for Study ON EXTREMES · Emil Gumbel (1891 ­ 1966) -- Pioneer in application of statistics of extremes (Germany, France) Conventional Methods (3) Extreme Value Theory (EVT) (4) Application of EVT to Verification (5) Frost

Katz, Richard

422

The obscured circumnuclear region of NGC 3079  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Images in the J, H and K bands and in the the v=1-0 S(1) line of H2 of the central region of the almost edge-on galaxy NGC 3079 reveal contributions from direct and scattered starlight, emission from hot dust and molecular gas, and extinction gradients. The central 100 pc suffers an extinction of 6 mag. Extremely red near-infrared colours require the presence of hot dust at about 1000 K. Less reddened parts of the bulge require either a 20% J-band contribution from young stars in a stellar bar, or a 20-30% contribution from scattered stellar light. The nucleus is surrounded by a dense molecular disk of radius 300 pc. Emission from H2 and hot dust traces a cavity of radius 120 pc. In the central few hundred pc, HI spin temperatures must be less than 275 K and the CO-to_H2 conversion factor is at most 5% of the standard Galactic value. This is consistent with theoretical predictions for environments subjected to dissociative shocks, where reformation of H2 is impeded by high dust grain temperatures. The overall molecular gas content of NGC 3079 is normal for a late-type galaxy.

F. P. Israel; P. P. van der Werf; T. G. Hawarden; C. Aspin

1998-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

423

Negative nonlocal resistance in mesoscopic gold Hall bars : absence of giant spin Hall effect.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the observation of negative nonlocal resistances in multiterminal mesoscopic gold Hall bar structures whose characteristic dimensions are larger than the electron mean-free path. Our results can only be partially explained by a classical diffusive model of the nonlocal transport, and are not consistent with a recently proposed model based on spin Hall effects. Instead, our analysis suggests that a quasiballistic transport mechanism is responsible for the observed negative nonlocal resistance. Based on the sensitivity of our measurements and the spin Hall effect model, we find an upper limit for the spin Hall angle in gold of 0.023 at 4.5 K.

Mihajlovic, G.; Pearson, J. E.; Garcia, M. A.; Bader, S. D.; Hoffmann, A.; Univ. Complutense de Madrid

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Characterization of the ITER model negative ion source during long pulse operation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is foreseen to operate the neutral beam system of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) for pulse lengths extending up to 1 h. The performance of the KAMABOKO III negative ion source, which is a model of the source designed for ITER, is being studied on the MANTIS test bed at Cadarache. This article reports the latest results from the characterization of the ion source, in particular electron energy distribution measurements and the comparison between positive ion and negative ion extraction from the source.

Hemsworth, R.S.; Boilson, D.; Crowley, B.; Homfray, D.; Esch, H.P.L. de; Krylov, A.; Svensson, L. [Association EURATOM-CEA, CEA Cadarache, F-13108, St. Paul lez Durance (France); Association EURATOM-DCU, PRL/NCPST, Glasnevin, Dublin 13 (Ireland); Euratom/UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Association EURATOM-CEA, CEA Cadarache, F-13108, St. Paul lez Durance (France)

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

Comparative analysis of continuous-wave surface-plasma negative ion sources with various discharge geometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Negative ion extraction from continuous-wave (CW) magnetron and semiplanotron discharges was studied and it was compared with that for the source with Penning electrode geometry. The CW negative ion beam up current to 13 mA was extracted from the magnetron source with emission aperture of 3.5 mm in diameter, while the beam with current up to 8 mA was obtained from the semiplanotron source modification. Characteristics of CW magnetron and semiplanotron sources are presented and analyzed.

Belchenko, Yu, E-mail: belchenko@inp.nsk.su [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)] [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Sanin, A.; Sotnikov, O. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation) [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

426

Non-magnetic nano-composites for optical and infrared negative refraction index media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop an approach to use nanostructured plasmonic materials as a non-magnetic negative-refractive index system at optical and near-infrared frequencies. In contrast to conventional negative refraction materials, our design does not require periodicity and thus is highly tolerant to fabrication defects. Moreover, since the proposed materials are intrinsically non-magnetic, their performance is not limited to proximity of a resonance so that the resulting structure has relatively low loss. We develop the analytical description of the relevant electromagnetic phenomena and justify our analytic results via numerical solutions of Maxwell equations.

Robyn Wangberg; Justin Elser; Evgenii E. Narimanov; Viktor A. Podolskiy

2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

427

The Resonance Scattering Phenomenon of Fast Negatively Charged Particles in a Single Crystal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy spectrum of the extended attractive potential of a crystallographic row for negatively charged particles has quasi-bound states. It follows that a negatively charged particle with small transversal momentum component ($p_{\\bot} R <<1$) may undergo resonance scattering. Thus the resonance scattering phenomenon can be observed in a single crystal, when fast electrons move with a small glancing angle ($\\theta_0 << 1/pR$) to a crystallographic axis. The calculated results for the electrons and angular widths of resonance peaks are consistent with experimental data.

Kovalev, Gennady V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Radiative Feedback in Relic HII Regions at High-Redshift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UV radiation from early astrophysical sources could have a large impact on subsequent star formation in nearby protogalaxies. Here we study the radiative feedback from the first, short-lived stars using hydrodynamical simulations with transient UV backgrounds (UVBs) and persistent Lyman-Werner backgrounds (LWBs) of varying intensity. We extend our prior work in Mesinger et al. (2006), by studying a more typical region whose proto-galaxies form at lower redshifts, z~13-20, in the epoch likely preceding the bulk of reionization. We confirm our previous results that feedback in the relic HII regions resulting from such transient radiation, is itself transient. Feedback effects dwindle away after ~30% of the Hubble time, and the same critical specific intensity of J_UV~0.1 x 10^{-21} ergs/s/cm^2/Hz/sr separates positive and negative feedback regimes. Additionally, we discover a second episode of eventual positive feedback in halos which have not yet collapsed when their progenitor regions were exposed to the transient UVB. This eventual positive feedback appears in all runs, regardless of the strength of the UVB. However, this feedback regime is very sensitive to the presence of Lyman-Werner radiation, and notable effects disappear under fairly modest background intensities of J_LW>10^{-3} x 10^{-21} ergs/s/cm^2/Hz/sr. We conclude that UV radiative feedback in relic HII regions, although a complicated process, seems unlikely to have a major impact on the progress of cosmological reionization, provided that present estimates of the lifetime and luminosity of a PopIII star are accurate. More likely is that the build-up of the LWB ultimately governs the feedback strength until a persistent UV background can be established. [abridged

Andrei Mesinger; Greg L. Bryan; Zoltan Haiman

2009-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

429

Regional East Tennessee Information | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar HomePromising ScienceRecent SRELRecyclingProjectsRegional Dialogue

430

Regions for Select Spot Prices  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar HomePromising ScienceRecentRegional companies eye growth

431

Effect of the annular region on the performance of a cylindrical Hall plasma thruster  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Performance characteristics of a cylindrical Hall thruster depending on the depth of the annular region (L{sub a}) in front of the anode were investigated. The effect of the annular region was examined by operating thrusters corresponding to four different values of L{sub a} (0, 4, 6, and 10 mm) and a fixed length of the cylindrical region (25 mm). Various measurements such as electron and ion currents, thrust, anode efficiency, current and propellant utilizations, and ion energy distribution functions were performed. Such measurements lead to an interpretation that (1) a considerable potential difference may exist between the anode and the ionization region, which is presumably located near the end of the annular region where magnetic field lines converge; (2) this potential difference increases with respect to increasing L{sub a}; and (3) the presence of the annular region near the anode reduces the specific impulse and anode efficiency for the examined thrusters.

Seo, Mihui; Lee, Jongsub; Choe, Wonho [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Seon, Jongho [School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, 1732 Deokyoungdaero, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-701 (Korea, Republic of); June Lee, Hae [Department of Electrical Engineering, Pusan National University, Busandaehak-ro 63beon-gil, Geumjeong-gu, Busan 609-735 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

Building Content Owned Bldg # Account No. Building/Property Name Location City Value Value by State Year Built Sq Ft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building Content Owned Bldg # Account No. Building/Property Name Location City Value Value by State 48 3027 25-26-GC284-000 AGY GIN BUILDING SNOWS MILL RD WATKINSVILLE 12500 0 Y 1960 8300 3028 25-26-GC

Arnold, Jonathan

433

1MIT SDM Systems Thinking Webinar SeriesShailendra Yadav 2010 Analysis of Value Creation and Value  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Value Capture in Microfluidics Market Shailendra Anand Yadav yadav@broadinstitute.org Dec 6, 2010 #12 for further study Bring clarity to understanding of microfluidic innovation ecosystem by applying analytical frameworks Analyze the current state of value capture in microfluidics based on the collected data #12;9MIT

de Weck, Olivier L.

434

The social values at risk from sea-level rise  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analysis of the risks of sea-level rise favours conventionally measured metrics such as the area of land that may be subsumed, the numbers of properties at risk, and the capital values of assets at risk. Despite this, it is clear that there exist many less material but no less important values at risk from sea-level rise. This paper re-theorises these multifarious social values at risk from sea-level rise, by explaining their diverse nature, and grounding them in the everyday practices of people living in coastal places. It is informed by a review and analysis of research on social values from within the fields of social impact assessment, human geography, psychology, decision analysis, and climate change adaptation. From this we propose that it is the ‘lived values’ of coastal places that are most at risk from sea-level rise. We then offer a framework that groups these lived values into five types: those that are physiological in nature, and those that relate to issues of security, belonging, esteem, and self-actualisation. This framework of lived values at risk from sea-level rise can guide empirical research investigating the social impacts of sea-level rise, as well as the impacts of actions to adapt to sea-level rise. It also offers a basis for identifying the distribution of related social outcomes across populations exposed to sea-level rise or sea-level rise policies.

Graham, Sonia, E-mail: sonia.graham@unimelb.edu.au [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia)] [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia); Barnett, Jon, E-mail: jbarn@unimelb.edu.au [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia)] [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia); Fincher, Ruth, E-mail: r.fincher@unimelb.edu.au [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia)] [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia); Hurlimann, Anna, E-mail: anna.hurlimann@unimelb.edu.au [Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, The University of Melbourne, Architecture and Planning Building, Parkville, Victoria 3010 (Australia)] [Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning, The University of Melbourne, Architecture and Planning Building, Parkville, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Mortreux, Colette, E-mail: colettem@unimelb.edu.au [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia)] [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia); Waters, Elissa, E-mail: elissa.waters@unimelb.edu.au [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia)] [Department of Resource Management and Geography, The University of Melbourne, 221 Bouverie St., Carlton, Victoria 3053 (Australia)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

Structure-property relations in negative permittivity reststrahlen materials for IR metamaterial applications.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We will present a study of the structure-property relations in Reststrahlen materials that possess a band of negative permittivities in the infrared. It will be shown that sub-micron defects strongly affect the optical response, resulting in significantly diminished permittivities. This work has implications on the use of ionic materials in IR-metamaterials.

Kotula, Paul Gabriel; Rodriguez, Mark Andrew; Shelton, David J. (University of Central Florida); Carroll, James F., III; Boreman, Glenn D. (University of Central Florida); Sinclair, Michael B.; Ihlefeld, Jon F.; Ginn, James Cleveland, III; Clem, Paul Gilbert; Matias, Vladimir (Los Alamos National Laboratory)

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Conductive Polypyrrole/Tungsten Oxide Metacomposites with Negative Permittivity Jiahua Zhu,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) nanocomposites reinforced with tungsten oxide (WO3) nanoparticles (NPs) and nanorods (NRs) are fabricatedConductive Polypyrrole/Tungsten Oxide Metacomposites with Negative Permittivity Jiahua Zhu, Suying techniques to form PNCs. Therefore, synthesis techniques have been developed and optimized to incorporate

Guo, John Zhanhu

437

Focusing of light by negative refraction in a photonic crystal slab superlens on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- lenges. An experiment was performed at near- infrared frequencies with an air-hole-type 2D PC in a low on silicon-on-insulator sub- strate with an interface structure optimized for low reflection and diffraction symmetric near the point.4 The negative refraction and focusing have been demonstrated in some experiments

Baba, Toshihiko

438

Negative Association of Neuroticism with Brain Volume Ratio in Healthy Humans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Negative Association of Neuroticism with Brain Volume Ratio in Healthy Humans Brian Knutson, Reza Momenan, Robert R. Rawlings, Grace W. Fong, and Daniel Hommer Background: Brain volume decreases reactivity (i.e., neuroti- cism) would also predict reductions in brain volume. Methods: Brain volume ratios

Knutson, Brian

439

Rare measurements of a sprite with halo event driven by a negative lightning discharge over Argentina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Argentina M. J. Taylor,1 M. A. Bailey,1 P. D. Pautet,1 S. A. Cummer,2 N. Jaugey,2 J. N. Thomas,3,4 N. N measurements were made of a mesoscale thunderstorm observed on February 22­23, 2006 over northern Argentina of a sprite with halo event driven by a negative lightning discharge over Argentina, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35

Thomas, Jeremy N.

440

Global analysis of positive and negative pre-mRNA splicing regulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global analysis of positive and negative pre-mRNA splicing regulators in Drosophila Marco] Supplemental material is available at http://www.genesdev.org. Received March 10, 2005; revised version identification of the hnRNP proteins PSI and hrp48 as regulators of the P-transposase pre-mRNA (Siebel et al

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Negative potentials above the dayside lunar surface in the terrestrial plasma sheet: Evidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plasma sheet and in daylight, large, unexpected negative potentials (-500 V) were measured. In this paper can have multiple solutions, namely, a monotonic solution, where the potential constantly increases or decreases, or a nonmonotonic solution, where the potential reaches a minimum (or maximum) above the surface

California at Berkeley, University of

442

Spectroscopic Investigation of Al2N and Its Anion via Negative Ion Photoelectron Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spectroscopic Investigation of Al2N and Its Anion via Negative Ion Photoelectron Spectroscopy photoelectron spectroscopy was used to elucidate the electronic and geometric structure of the gaseous Al2N/Al2N the adiabatic electron affinity of Al2N, 2.571 ( 0.008 eV, along with geometry changes upon photodetachment

Neumark, Daniel M.

443

Endoplasmic reticulum retention is a common defect associated with tyrosinase-negative albinism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Endoplasmic reticulum retention is a common defect associated with tyrosinase-negative albinism, March 16, 2000 (received for review February 17, 2000) Tyrosinase is a melanocyte-specific enzyme albino substitution TYR(T373K), and the temperature-sensitive tyrosinase TYR(R402Q) Tyr(H402A) found

Hebert, Daniel N.

444

Bell States and Negative Sentences in the Distributed Model of Meaning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, but not in the same order. Alice puts the meaning into words according to the rules of the syntax. Bob recognizes KS Bob shared syntax shared meaning time // John does not like Mary Fig. 1. Alice informs BobQPL 2009 Bell States and Negative Sentences in the Distributed Model of Meaning Anne Preller 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

445

Bell States and Negative Sentences in the Distributed Model of Meaning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, but not in the same order. Alice puts the meaning into words according to the rules of the syntax. Bob recognizes time // John does not like Mary Fig. 1. Alice informs Bob reconstructs the meaning of the wordsQPL 2009 Bell States and Negative Sentences in the Distributed Model of Meaning Anne Preller 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

446

MULTIMODAL VOICE CONVERSION USING NON-NEGATIVE MATRIX FACTORIZATION IN NOISY ENVIRONMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MULTIMODAL VOICE CONVERSION USING NON-NEGATIVE MATRIX FACTORIZATION IN NOISY ENVIRONMENTS Kenta 1-1, Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe, 6578501, Japan ABSTRACT This paper presents a multimodal voice conversion with that of a conventional Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM)-based method. Index Terms-- voice conversion, multimodal, image

Takiguchi, Tetsuya

447

Voice Conversion based on Non-negative Matrix Factorization in Noisy Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Voice Conversion based on Non-negative Matrix Factorization in Noisy Environments Takao Fujii, Ryo conversion (VC) tech- nique for noisy environments. We prepared parallel exemplars (dictionary) that consist. In the proposed method, a Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) -based conversion method is also applied to the feature

Takiguchi, Tetsuya

448

Composites with Negative Refractive Index, Thermal, Self-healing and Self-sensing Functionality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

temperatures and pressures. The embedded conductive wires are used as resistive elements to heat the material at low and high strain rates. First International Workshop on Advanced Materials and Smart Structures138 Composites with Negative Refractive Index, Thermal, Self-healing and Self-sensing Functionality

Nemat-Nasser, Sia

449

Contrib. Plasma Phys. 26 (1986) 1, 1-12 Sudden Jumps, Hysteresis, and Negative Resistance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are found in glow discharges, carbon arcs, thermionic converters, fluorescent lamps and four-layer diodes [lContrib. Plasma Phys. 26 (1986) 1, 1-12 Sudden Jumps, Hysteresis, and Negative Resistance in an Argon Plasma Discharge I. Discharges with No Magnetic Field R. A. BOSCHand R. L. MERLINO Department

Merlino, Robert L.

450

Negative hair-bundle stiffness betrays a mechanism for mechanical amplification by the hair cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Negative hair-bundle stiffness betrays a mechanism for mechanical amplification by the hair cell P. Hudspeth, August 15, 2000 Hearing and balance rely on the ability of hair cells in the inner ear to sense miniscule mechanical stimuli. In each cell, sound or acceleration deflects the mechanosensitive hair bundle

Hudspeth, A. James

451

Correlations of atmospheric water ice and dust in the Martian Polar regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the interannual variability of the atmospheric ice/dust cycle in the Martian polar regions for Mars Years 28-30. We used CRISM emission phase function measurements to derive atmospheric dust optical depths and data from the MARCI instrument to derive atmospheric water ice optical depths. We have used autocorrelation and cross correlation functions in order to quantify the degree to which dust and ice are correlated throughout both polar regions during Mars Years 28-29. We find that in the south polar region, dust has the tendency to "self clear", demonstrated by negative autocorrelation around the central peak. This does not occur in the north polar region. In the south polar region, dust and ice are temporally and spatially anti correlated. In the north polar region, this relationship is reversed, however temporal correlation of northern dust and ice clouds is weak - 6 times weaker than the anticorrelation in the south polar region. Our latitudinal autocorrelation functions allow us to put avera...

Brown, Adrian J; Scargle, Jeffrey D

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Intensity-Value Corrections for Integrating Sphere Measurements of Solid Samples Measured behind Glass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurate and calibrated directional-hemispherical reflectance spectra of solids are important for both in situ and remote sensing. Many solids are in the form of powders or granules and in order to measure their diffuse reflectance spectra in the laboratory, it is often necessary to place the samples behind a transparent medium such as glass for the UV, visible or near-infrared spectral regions. Using both experimental and theoretical methods we have found that the glass (fused quartz in our case) leads to artifacts in the reflectance values. We report for the first time that the measured reflectance intensity values, for both hemispherical and diffuse reflectance, are distorted by the additional reflectances arising at the air-quartz and sample-quartz interfaces. The values are dependent on the sample reflectance and are vertically shifted with intensity offsets in the hemispherical case leading to measured values up to ?6% too high for a 2% reflectance surface, ?3.8% too high for 10% reflecting materials, approximately correct for 40%- to 60%-diffuse reflecting surfaces, and ?1.5% too low for 99% reflecting Spectralon surfaces. For the case of diffuse-only reflectance, the measured values are uniformly too low due to the polished glass, with differences of nearly 6% for 99%-reflecting matte surfaces. The deviations arise from the added reflections from the quartz surfaces as verified by both theory and experiment, and have some dependence on sphere design. Empirical correction factors were implemented into post-processing software to redress the artifact for hemispherical and diffuse reflectance data across the 300 to 2300 nm range.

Johnson, Timothy J.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Redding, Rebecca L.; Su, Yin-Fong; Brauer, Carolyn S.; Myers, Tanya L.; Stephan, Eric G.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

VTA Annual Report 2009 Valuing the Arc Programme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which we organized at the Society for Conservation Biology (SCB) annual meeting in Beijing, and the use that exists for this region of Tanzania), to the initial construction of spatially explicit models

Marchant, Rob

454

Value Capture in the Global Wind Energy Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Energy Council, 2011 New installation in 2010 The wind industry value chain Wind turbineWind Energy Council (GWEC, 2011) domestic content in U.S. -deployed turbines

Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Empirical Measurements of Travelers' Value of Travel Time Reliability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Travel time and travel time reliability are two fundamental factors influencing travel behavior and demand. The concept of the value of time (VOT) has been extensively studied, and estimates of VOT have been obtained from surveys and empirical data...

Danda, Santosh Rao

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

456

Wilderness: the history, significance and promise of an American value  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wilderness has been a central value in the development of the American environmental tradition and has been established in our laws and institutions, first in the National Park System and then more extensively through the Wilderness Act. Some have...

Henderson, David Graham

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Selected component failure rate values from fusion safety assessment tasks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a compilation of component failure rate and repair rate values that can be used in magnetic fusion safety assessment tasks. Several safety systems are examined, such as gas cleanup systems and plasma shutdown systems. Vacuum system component reliability values, including large vacuum chambers, have been reviewed. Values for water cooling system components have also been reported here. The report concludes with the examination of some equipment important to personnel safety, atmospheres, combustible gases, and airborne releases of radioactivity. These data should be useful to system designers to calculate scoping values for the availability and repair intervals for their systems, and for probabilistic safety or risk analysts to assess fusion systems for safety of the public and the workers.

Cadwallader, L.C.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Selected Component Failure Rate Values from Fusion Safety Assessment Tasks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a compilation of component failure rate and repair rate values that can be used in magnetic fusion safety assessment tasks. Several safety systems are examined, such as gas cleanup systems and plasma shutdown systems. Vacuum system component reliability values, including large vacuum chambers, have been reviewed. Values for water cooling system components have also been reported here. The report concludes with the examination of some equipment important to personnel safety, atmospheres, combustible gases, and airborne releases of radioactivity. These data should be useful to system designers to calculate scoping values for the availability and repair intervals for their systems, and for probabilistic safety or risk analysts to assess fusion systems for safety of the public and the workers.

Cadwallader, Lee Charles

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Policy learning : new challenges for smart value capture in Colombia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contribucion por Valorizacion is a form of value capture similar to Special Assessment, used in Colombia to complement Local revenues for major public infrastructure programs. SA's continued use countrywide and its resulting ...

Acosta, Patricia, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Low-Value Waste Gases as an Energy Source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Waste gases with potentially useful fuel value are generated at any number of points in refineries, chemical plants and other industrial and commercial sites. The higher quality streams have been utilized successfully in fuel systems for years...

Waibel, R. T.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

World Best Practice Energy Intensity Values for Selected Industrial Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and 30% of total energy consumption in China. During the30 kWh/ADt 54 for total energy consumption of 11.2 GJ/ADt (leads to a total overall energy consumption value of 11.1

Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Neelis, Maarten; Galitsky, Christina; Zhou, Nan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Missouri Value-Added Loan Guarantee Program (Missouri)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Missouri Value-Added Loan Guarantee Program provides a 50% first-loss guarantee to lenders who make agricultural business development loans for the acquisition, construction, improvement, or...

463

USDA Webinar: Value-Added Producer Grants for Tribal Entities  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Rural Development, this tribal-specific training will provide an overview of the FY14 Funding Opportunity and the Value-Added Producer Grants ...

464

Syllabus for Spring 2014! Environmental Values, Movements, and Policy!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Syllabus for Spring 2014! ! Environmental Values, Movements, and Policy! MAST 692-010 and UAPP 692, Viewing the World Ecologically. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. (On reserve) ! SYLLABUS ! Most weeks

Delaware, University of

465

The influence of institutional investors on firm value  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impact of corporate governance on firm value has been extensively debated by academics and business practitioners. Some studies show that companies that allow minority shareholders to have more control are likely to ...

Lee, Yong Seung

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Lifecycle Value Framework for Tactical Aircraft Product Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to a dramatic reduction in defense procurement, the benchmark for developing new defense systems today is performance at an affordable cost. In an attempt to encircle a more holistic perspective of value, lifecycle ...

Hallander, Ingrid

467

The value of United States oil and gas reserves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The object of this research is to estimate a time series, starting in 1979, for the value of in-ground oil reserves and natural gas reserves in the United States. Relatively good statistics exist for the physical quantities. ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the premium value of solar PV power to 0%-20% again. Whilepower to that location. While few dispute that the direct cost of electricity from the currently available solar

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Getting the Best Value with Utility Energy Service Contracts  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Federal agencies benefit from lessons learned during utility energy service contracts (UESCs). Over the years, best practices to get the best value from UESCs have been identified from successful UESC projects.

470

THE FOOD VALUE OF SEA MUSSELS By Irving A. Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

value . Mussels a cheap food . Preservation methods . Canning . Pickling . Drying . Cold storage by the Chinese, is now relished by the American palate. Raising frogs for market is now a profitable industry

471

Innovation. Collaboration. Value BC Public Post-Secondary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report August 2014 #12;2 Vision Provide outstanding value to post-secondary institutions through and Operations University of Victoria Pat Hibbitts, VP, Finance and Administration Simon Fraser University Jackie

Victoria, University of

472

Evaluating a continuous improvement initiative using Stakeholder Value Mapping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lean implementations have had a mixed record of success in organizations. One possible explanation for this observation is that lean is built upon a value system that is not always shared by the organizations trying to ...

Lathrop, Benjamin H. (Benjamin Hurst)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

PV VALUE(tm) User Manual v. 1.0  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

PV Value(tm) User Manual v. 1.0 Jamie L. Johnson - Solar Power Electric(tm) Geoffrey T. Klise - Sandia National Laboratories 1312012 SAND2012-0682P Sandia National Laboratories...

474

The 2009 Outlook for Texas Rural Land Values  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Farm income in 2009 will likely decline from previous years, and the value of rural land is likely to flatten out also. Producers need to increase their emphasis on financial and risk management....

Klinefelter, Danny A.

2009-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

475

Axioms for Recursion in CallbyValue (Extended Abstract)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the distinction between values and effect­free programs is essential [16, 6]. So here is an amusing coincidence combined with the Continuation­Passing Style (CPS) translation can be understood within the abstract

476

Object detection with a multistatic array using singular value decomposition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and system for detecting the presence of subsurface objects within a medium is provided. In some embodiments, the detection system operates in a multistatic mode to collect radar return signals generated by an array of transceiver antenna pairs that is positioned across a surface and that travels down the surface. The detection system converts the return signals from a time domain to a frequency domain, resulting in frequency return signals. The detection system then performs a singular value decomposition for each frequency to identify singular values for each frequency. The detection system then detects the presence of a subsurface object based on a comparison of the identified singular values to expected singular values when no subsurface object is present.

Hallquist, Aaron T.; Chambers, David H.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wood Products Marketing And Value-Added Opportunities In Latin America: A Focus on Brazil Richard School of Renewable Natural Resources Louisiana State University Presented at: PANORAMA Curitiba, Brazil

478

Generalized covariation and extended Fukushima decompositions for Banach valued processes.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generalized covariation and extended Fukushima decompositions for Banach valued processes corresponding results when B = C([-, 0]) and X = X(·). This will consitute a significant Fukushima decomposition random variables, Malliavin calculus, Generalized Fukushima decomposition. LUISS Guido Carli - Libera

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

479

Toward a New Paradigm for Valuing Demand Response  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is value in DR, but it needs to be evaluated correctly. The pricing experiment in California showed that well-designed dynamic pricing programs can have a significant impact on critical peak loads, and California's investor-owned utilities are using the experimental results to develop business cases for advanced metering. A key question in developing these business cases is how much value to attach to a kW of load that is curtailed during critical times. (author)

Earle, Robert; Faruqui, Ahmad

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

480

Object individuation in infancy: the value of color and luminance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OBJECT INDIVIDUATION IN INFANCY: THE VALUE OF COLOR AND LUMINANCE A Dissertation by REBECCA JINDALEE WOODS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2006 Major Subject: Psychology OBJECT INDIVIDUATION IN INFANCY: THE VALUE OF COLOR AND LUMINANCE A Dissertation by REBECCA JINDALEE WOODS Submitted to the Office of Graduate...

Woods, Rebecca Jindalee

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "region negative values" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Measuring the Value of Time in Highway Freight Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) .............................. 37 Table 4.4: Value of Time for Ubiquitous Congestion (80% Known Demand) ............... 37 Table 5.1: Logistic Operation Data by Industry Type...................................................... 53 Table 5.2: Single-Vehicle Value of Time... transportation cost, which 4 has been escalating over the years. For example, between 1981 and 2002, transportation costs increased from $228 billion to $577 billion, which corresponds to 45.1 percent and 63.4 percent of the total logistics cost...

Miao, Qing

2014-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

482

Environmental uncertainty and social value orientation in resource dilemmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

research has shown that both environmental uncertainty and social value orientation (cooperators vs. noncooperators) will affect harvest sizes from a common resource pool. However, these two variables have not been simultaneously explored.... In the present experiment, 172 subjects harvested units from a common resource pool over 20 twenty trials. It was predicted that noncooperators would harvest more than cooperators (Hypothesis 1), an interaction between social value orientation and uncertainty...

Roch, Sylvia Gabriele

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

S100, HMB-45, and Melan-A negative primary melanoma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with retained expression of tyrosinase. Regional lymph nodeas HMB-45, MART-1/Melan-A, tyrosinase, and MITF, which aremelanoma with retention of tyrosinase but loss of expression

Shinohara, Michi; Deubner, Heike; Argenyi, Zsolt B

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

A subwavelength near-infrared negative index material Xuhuai Zhang, Marcelo Davano, Yaroslav Urzhumov, Gennady Shvets, and Stephen R. Forrest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A subwavelength near-infrared negative index material Xuhuai Zhang, Marcelo Davanço, Yaroslav://scitation.aip.org/termsconditions. Downloaded to IP: 129.116.140.116 On: Thu, 13 Mar 2014 15:08:47 #12;A subwavelength near-infrared negative.1063/1.3110957 Negative index materials NIMs 1,2 have recently been reported at near-infrared or higher optical

Texas at Austin, University of

485

E-Print Network 3.0 - anca-negative pauci-immune crescentic Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation. Summary: CRESCENT, UGANDA BETWEEN 1989 AND 2009 Despite the important values forests play in the tropics......

486

Regional Revolving Loan Trust Fund (New York)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Regional Revolving Loan Trust Fund Program, coordinated by the Empire State Development program, is operated in six regions by nonprofit organizations and provides working capital loans (up to ...

487

Enhancing regional security agreements through cooperative monitoring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper proposes that strengthening regional capabilities for formulating and implementing arms control and confidence-building measures is a tangible method of enhancing regional security. It discusses the importance of developing a regional infrastructure for arms control and confidence building and elucidates the role of technology in facilitating regional arms control and confidence-building agreements. In addition, it identifies numerous applications for regional cooperative monitoring in the areas of arms control, resource management, international commerce and disaster response. The Cooperative Monitoring Center at Sandia National Laboratories, whose aim is to help individual countries and regions acquire the tools they need to develop their own solutions to regional problems, is discussed briefly. The paper ends with recommendations for establishing regional cooperative monitoring centers.

Pregenzer, A.L.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Early Site Permit Demonstration Program, plant parameters envelopes: Comparison with ranges of values for four hypothetical sites. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this volume is to report the results of the comparison of the ALWR plan parameters envelope with values of site characteristics developed for our hypothetical sites that generally represent conditions encountered within the United States. This effort is not intended to identify or address the suitability of any existing site, site area, or region in the United States. Also included in this volume is Appendix F, SERCH Summaries Regarding Siting.

Not Available

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Sandia National Laboratories: Photovoltaic Regional Testing Center...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Grid Integration, Modeling, Modeling & Analysis, News, News & Events, Partnership, Photovoltaic, Photovoltaic Regional Testing Center (PV RTC), Photovoltaic Systems Evaluation...

490

An Application of Multi-Level Bayesian Negative Binomial Models with Mixed Effects on Motorcycle Crashes in Ohio.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Motorcycle crashes compose an increasing proportion of United States motor vehicle crashes and fatalities. Through Full Bayesian negative binomial models with various types of random… (more)

Flask, Thomas V.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Segmentation into fuzzy regions using topographic distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recognition from fuzzy regions. Keywords: Segmentation, Fuzzy region, Watershed, Color image, TopographicSegmentation into fuzzy regions using topographic distance SYLVIE PHILIPP­FOLIGUET 1 MARCELO@dcc.ufmg.br, arnaldo@dcc.ufmg.br 3 Supported by CAPES. Abstract. This paper exposes an algorithm that leads to a fuzzy

Philipp-Foliguet, Sylvie

492

6, 1092910958, 2006 Regional scale CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACPD 6, 10929­10958, 2006 Regional scale CO2 flux estimation using radon A. I. Hirsch Title Page Chemistry and Physics Discussions On using radon-222 and CO2 to calculate regional-scale CO2 fluxes A. I (Adam.Hirsch@noaa.gov) 10929 #12;ACPD 6, 10929­10958, 2006 Regional scale CO2 flux estimation using

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

493

Regional Technical Forum AND 2012 PROGRESS UPDATE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review of the Northwest Energy System.The report recommended forming a technical group to help the region the guidelines were adopted in June 2011, the RTF began reviewing its existing portfolio of energy savingsRegional Technical Forum AND 2012 PROGRESS UPDATE 2011 Annual Report #12;PAGE 2 > REGIONAL

494

Biochar and Carbon Sequestration: A Regional Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biochar and Carbon Sequestration: A Regional Perspective A report prepared for East of England #12;Low Carbon Innovation Centre Report for EEDA Biochar and Carbon Sequestration: A Regional Perspective 20/04/2009 ii Biochar and Carbon Sequestration: A Regional Perspective A report prepared for East

Everest, Graham R

495

An Experimental Study of Waveguide Coupled Microwave Heating with Conventional Multicusp Negative Ion Source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Negative ion production with conventional multicusp plasma chambers utilizing 2.45 GHz microwave heating is demonstrated. The experimental results were obtained with the multicusp plasma chambers and extraction systems of the RFdriven RADIS ion source and the filament driven arc discharge ion source LIISA. A waveguide microwave coupling system, which is almost similar to the one used with the SILHI ion source, was used. The results demonstrate that at least one third of negative ion beam obtained with inductive RF-coupling (RADIS) or arc discharge (LIISA) can be achieved with 1 kW of 2.45 GHz microwave power in CW mode without any modification of the plasma chamber. The co-extracted electron to H^- ratio and the optimum pressure range were observed to be similar for both heating methods. The behaviour of the plasma implies that the energy transfer from the microwaves to the plasma electrons is mainly an off-resonance process.

Komppula, J; Koivisto, H; Laulainen, J; Tarvainen, O

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Negative refraction with tunable absorption in an active dense gas of atoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applications of negative index materials (NIM) presently are severely limited by absorption. Next to improvements of metamaterial designs, it has been suggested that dense gases of atoms could form a NIM with negligible losses. In such gases, the low absorption is facilitated by quantum interference. Here, we show that additional gain mechanisms can be used to tune and effectively remove absorption in a dense gas NIM. In our setup, the atoms are coherently prepared by control laser fields, and further driven by a weak incoherent pump field to induce gain. We employ nonlinear optical Bloch equations to analyze the optical response. Metastable Neon is identified as a suitable experimental candidate at infrared frequencies to implement a lossless active negative index material.

P. P. Orth; R. Hennig; C. H. Keitel; J. Evers

2012-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

497

Experimental study on hard X-rays emitted from metre-scale negative discharges in air  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the development of meter long negative discharges and focus on their X-ray emissions. We describe appearance, timing and spatial distribution of the X-rays. They appear in bursts of nanosecond duration mostly in the cathode area. The spectrum can be characterized by an exponential function with 200 keV characteristic photon energy. With nanosecond-fast photography we took detailed images of the pre-breakdown phenomena during the time when X-rays were registered. We found bipolar discharge structures, also called "pilot systems", in the vicinity of the cathode. As in our previous study of X-rays from positive discharges, we correlate the X-ray emission with encounters between positive and negative streamers. We suggest that a similar process is responsible for X-rays generated by lightning leaders.

Kochkin, P O; Ebert, Ute

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Observation of Optical Solitons and Abnormal Modulation Instability in Liquid Crystals with Negative Dielectric Anisotropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate theoretically and experimentally the optical beam propagation in the nematic liquid crystal with negative dielectric anisotropy, which is aligned homeotropically in a $80\\mu m$-thickness planar cell in the presence of an externally voltage. It is predicted that the nonlocal nonlinearity of liquid crystal undergo an oscillatory response function with a negative nonlinear refractive index coefficient. We found that the oscillatory nonlocal nonlinearity can support stable bright solitons, which are observed in experiment. We also found that abnormal modulation instability occurs with infinity gain coefficient at a fixed spatial frequency, which is no depend on the beam intensity. We observed the modulation instability in the liquid crystal at a very low intensity ($0.26W/cm^2$), and the maximum gain frequency were found kept unchange when beam power changes over 2-3 orders of magnitude.

Wang, Jing; Chen, Junzhu; Liu, Jinlong; Wang, Zhuo; Li, Yiheng; Guo, Qi; Hu, Wei; Xuan, Li

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Turning a negative into a positive: Researchers find promising use for excessive nitrate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acre of nitrogen for each inch of water applied. tx H2O | pg. 17 _ Turning a negative into a positive tx H2O | pg. 18 According to Sij, previous research has shown that properly designed and managed drip irrigation systems reduce deep percola... agencies involved in the project were local soil and water conservation districts, U.S. Department of Agriculture?s Natural Resources Conservation Service, the Texas AgriLife Extension Service, and Rolling Plains Groundwater Conservation District...

Wythe, Kathy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

PROPERTIES OF THE LOW-LYING NEGATIVE PARITY STATES IN 45Sc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rayonnements 03B3 ont été mesurés aux angles 105° ~ 03B8 ~ 0° au moyen d'un détecteur Ge(Li). Les spins et les'expérience. Abstract. 2014 The electromagnetic decays of the negative parity states in 45Sc up to an excitation energy of 2107 keV have been investigated via the 42Ca(03B1, p03B3)45Sc reaction at a bombarding energy of 10

Boyer, Edmond