Sample records for region eastern africa

  1. Characterization of maize testing locations in eastern and southern Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maideni, Francis W.

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The region of eastern and southern Africa is very diverse in environments and agronomic practices. The region has one of the highest per capita consumption of maize (Zea mays. L), which is predominantly produced by smallholder ...

  2. West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Home > Groups > Clean and Renewable Energy Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(107) Contributor...

  3. Characterization of maize testing locations in eastern and southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maideni, Francis W.

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ???????..?...?.??. 15 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION ??????????..??. 26 SUMMARY????????????????????... 52 III PHENOTYPIC AND GENETIC ANALYSIS OF MAIZE TESTING EVALUATIONS IN EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICA????????????.?..................................... 94... INTRODUCTION????????????.???..??? 94 REVIEW OF LITERATURE????????..???.??.. 96 MATERIALS AND METHODS???????..?...?.??.. 98 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION ???........................................ 100 SUMMARY??????????????????????. 158 IV...

  4. Africa Adaptation Programme: Capacity Building Experiences-Improving...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dataset, Lessons learnedbest practices Website: www.undp.orgenvironmentlibrary.shtml Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa,...

  5. Diseases of plantation forestry trees in eastern and southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diseases of plantation forestry trees in eastern and southern Africa J. Roux a*, G. Meke b , B are being allocated to the training of forestry staff andtreeimprovement.Theseefforts,aimedatstrengtheningthe forestry business, also embrace research on pests and diseases that might significantly reduce the value

  6. Ancient west Eurasian ancestry in southern and eastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickrell, Joseph K.

    The history of southern Africa involved interactions between indigenous hunter–gatherers and a range of populations that moved into the region. Here we use genome-wide genetic data to show that there are at least two ...

  7. Regional stratigraphy and petroleum geology, North Africa-Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, J.A. (Univ. of Montana, Missoula (United States))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The North Africa-Middle East petroleum provinces are part of the broad sedimentary platform that occupied the northern and northeastern borders of the African-Arabian craton adjacent to the ancestral Hercynian (late Paleozoic) and subsequent Tethyan-Alpine oceans. Carbonate-clastic-evaporite sediments of infra-Cambrian through Holocene age were cyclically deposited in a relatively continuous belt around the eastern and northern borders of the craton, mainly on a broad, shallow-water platform adjacent to the proto-Tethys and Tethys seaway. The Paleozoic section reaches a substantial thickness in the subsurface of the Middle East and in northern Africa adjacent to the Mediterranean Sea, but all or part of it is absent because of nondeposition or erosion over much of the region. Post-Paleozoic deposition was more or less continuous across the entire craton border region in the Middle East and along the northern border of the Sahara platform in North Africa and in Somalia and eastern Ethiopia. Similar marine and associated sedimentary rock facies are present in all of these regions, although paleotectonic-stratigraphic interrelationships and continental paleolatitude positions have greatly affected petroleum generation and accumulation in the specific provinces along the craton border. A series of regional stratigraphic-sedimentary environment, and continental position, layer maps illustrates the relative influence of these factors through geologic time with respect to the relationship between petroleum reservoirs, source rocks, and confining rock facies.

  8. A thermotectonic framework for the growth and stabilization of the eastern Kaapvaal craton, southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoene, Robert Blair

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Continents are an amalgamation of crust and mantle lithosphere assembled over -4 Gyr and are therefore our best record of the early Earth. Exposures of rocks -3.0-3.7 Ga cover -20,000 km2 of eastern S. Africa and Swaziland, ...

  9. Regional geology of eastern Idaho and western Wyoming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Link, P.K.; Kuntz, M.A.; Platt, L.B. (eds.)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first section, Regional Synthesis, consists of a single 53-page chapter entitled The track of the Yellowstone hot spot: Volcanism faulting, and uplift.'' The authors' approach is to interpret major features or regional geology as resulting in large part from the last 16 Ma of southwesterly migration by the North American plate over a stationary thermal plume in the mantle. Evidence that may relate to the Yellowstone hot spot model is presented under headings dealing with volcanic track of the hot spot, neotectonic faulting associated with the hot spot, and regional topographic anomalies which may have resulted from hot spot-induced uplift or subsidence. The second section of the book deals with the Idaho-Wyoming thrust belt. Each chapter is a separate article by different authors, so coverage is of selected topics in the Idaho-Wyoming thrust belt rather than a comprehensive overview. Extensional tectonics is the topic of the book's third section. Field investigations of two major structures, the Grand Valley fault and the Teton normal fault, are presented in chapters eight and nine, respectively. Chapter ten focuses on surficial gravity slide sheets that are well-exposed in the area, with particular emphasis on their structural features and mechanisms of emplacement. The final 90 pages of the book make up a four-chapter section that deals with the eastern Snake River plain (ESRP). Topical coverage is quite varied, ranging from details of Quaternary stratigraphy at one site to an overview of the eastern Snake River plain basaltic volcanism and an investigation of ignimbrites of the Heise volcanic field.

  10. Climate and Land Use Change Processes in East Africa While some regions of East Africa are being preserved as natural areas, others, including the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climate and Land Use Change Processes in East Africa While some regions of East Africa are being to agriculture. Some members of the Maasai tribe, traditionally a pastoral people, are changing to changes in climate. The land use box will involve further modeling of the effects of these concurrent

  11. Geothermal systems of the Mono Basin-Long Valley region, eastern California and western Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higgins, C.T.; Flynn, T.; Chapman, R.H.; Trexler, D.T.; Chase, G.R.; Bacon, C.F.; Ghusn, G. Jr.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The region that includes Mono Basin, Long Valley, the Bridgeport-Bodie Hills area, and Aurora, in eastern California and western Nevada was studied to determine the possible causes and interactions of the geothermal anomalies in the Mono Basin-Long Valley region as a whole. A special goal of the study was to locate possible shallow bodies of magma and to determine their influence on the hydrothermal systems in the region. (ACR)

  12. AGA Eastern Consuming Region Natural Gas Injections into Underground

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels forA 6 J 9 U B u o f l d w n s u o Q A

  13. AGA Eastern Consuming Region Natural Gas Total Underground Storage Capacity

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels forA 6 J 9 U B u o f l d w n s u o Q A(Million

  14. AGA Eastern Consuming Region Natural Gas Underground Storage Withdrawals

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels forA 6 J 9 U B u o f l d w n s u o Q

  15. AGA Eastern Consuming Region Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Working

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels forA 6 J 9 U B u o f l d w n s u o Q(MillionGas)

  16. AGA Eastern Consuming Region Underground Natural Gas Storage - All

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels forA 6 J 9 U B u o f l d w n s u oWorking

  17. Regional Analysis Briefs

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Regional Analysis Briefs (RABs) provide an overview of specific regions that play an important role in world energy markets, either directly or indirectly. These briefs cover areas that are currently major producers (Caspian Sea), have geopolitical importance (South China Sea), or may have future potential as producers or transit areas (East Africa, Eastern Mediterranean).

  18. Rethinking the Wild Coast, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Rethinking the Wild Coast, South Africa Eco-frontiers vs livelihoods in Pondoland Sylvain Guyot. Introduction to the Wild Coast of the Eastern Cape, South Africa.................... 35 3. TRALSO's involvement in Pondoland, South Africa.................................................... 101 1. Introduction

  19. Adicella syriaca Ulmer, 1907 not Occurring in the Afrotropical Region (Trichoptera: Leptoceridae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holzenthal, Ralph W.

    , is distributed in the Eastern and Western Palaearctic, Oriental and Afrotropical biogeographical regions the species in detail. It is distributed in North Africa, southeastern Europe including the Balkans, Caucasus

  20. Projected impacts of climate change on species distribution in the Acadian Forest region of eastern Nova Scotia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .e., hydrological cycle and earth- sun geometry. Growing degree days and mean air temperature are basedProjected impacts of climate change on species distribution in the Acadian Forest region of eastern on processing remote sensing data, mean air temperatures serves as one of several inputs to model calculation

  1. Federal Institutions and the Democratic Transition: Lessons From South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinfeld, Daniel

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Southern Africa (1995), South Africa’s Nine Provinces:Human Development Profile, South Africa: Development Bank ofRegionalism in the New South Africa, Brookfield, U.S. :

  2. COMPARATIVE STUDY REGARDING THE EVOLUTION OF THE FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE REGION'S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Iulia, Alba, Romania Summary: In this paper, we question whether there is a catch-up effect countries. We study FDI outflows for Romania, a small economy with few historical ties to Eastern Europe, Alba Iulia 2006., Alba Iulia : Romania (2006)" #12;Comparative Study regarding the Evolution

  3. International survey of options to fund regional science and technology in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Action (CPA), as agreed by the 2005 African Ministerial Conference on Science and Technology (AMCOST; the private sector and the international donor community. The analysis stresses the importance of African poverty reduction strategy papers or their equivalent. Private sector support for S&T in Africa

  4. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  5. Ground Truth, Magnitude Calibration and Regional Phase Propagation and Detection in the Middle East and Horn of Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nyblade, A; Brazier, R; Adams, A; Park, Y; Rodgers, A; Al-Amri, A

    2007-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In this project, we are exploiting several seismic data sets to improve U.S. operational capabilities to monitor for low yield nuclear tests across the Middle East (including the Iranian Plateau, Zagros Mountains, Arabian Peninsula, Turkish Plateau, Gulf of Aqaba, Dead Sea Rift) and the Horn of Africa (including the northern part of the East African Rift, Afar Depression, southern Red Sea and Gulf of Aden). The data sets are being used to perform three related tasks. (1) We are determining moment tensors, moment magnitudes and source depths for regional events in the magnitude 3.0 to 6.0 range. (2) These events are being used to characterize high-frequency (0.5-16 Hz) regional phase attenuation and detection thresholds, especially from events in Iran recorded at stations across the Arabian Peninsula. (3) We are collecting location ground truth at GT5 (local) and GT20 (regional) levels for seismic events with M > 2.5, including source geometry information and source depths. Towards meeting these objectives, seismograms from earthquakes in the Zagros Mountains recorded at regional distances have been inverted for moment tensors, which have then been used to create synthetic seismograms to determine the source depths of the earthquakes via waveform matching. The source depths have been confirmed by modeling teleseismic depth phases recorded on GSN and IMS stations. Early studies of the distribution of seismicity in the Zagros region found evidence for earthquakes in the upper mantle. But subsequent relocations of teleseismic earthquakes suggest that source depths are generally much shallower, lying mainly within the upper crust. All of the regional events studied so far nucleated within the upper crust, and most of the events have thrust mechanisms. The source mechanisms for these events are being used to characterize high-frequency (0.5-16 Hz) regional phase attenuation and detection thresholds for broadband seismic stations in the Arabian Peninsula, including IMS stations and stations belonging to the Saudi Arabian National Digital Seismic Network. To improve event locations, source mechanisms and attenuation estimates, new regional P and S wave velocity models of the upper mantle under the Arabian Peninsula have also been developed using data from teleseismic events recorded at stations within the Arabian Peninsula and Horn of Africa. These models show slower-than-average velocities within the lithospheric mantle under the entire Arabian Shield. However, at sublithospheric mantle depths, the low velocity region appears to be localized beneath the western side of the Arabian Shield.

  6. ROYAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    ROYAL SOCIETY OF SOUTH AFRICA http://www.royalsocietysa.org.za ACADEMY OF SCIENCE OF SOUTH AFRICA and distribution of butterflies in the atlas region (South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland), thereby providing-ordinator of Africa's first butterfly atlas, entitled `The metamorphosis of the butterfly atlas' The Southern African

  7. Development of Eastern Regional Wind Resource and Wind Plant Output Datasets: March 3, 2008 -- March 31, 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brower, M.

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project was to provide wind resource inputs to the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study.

  8. 2D versus 1D ground-motion modelling for the Friuli region, north-eastern Italy1 W. Imperatori1, *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2D versus 1D ground-motion modelling for the Friuli region, north-eastern Italy1 2 W. Imperatori1 and CO2 Storage Security Division, BRGM, 3 avenue C. Guillemin, 450607 Orléans Cedex 2, France.8 9 affects ground motions, particularly in terms of peak ground velocity (PGV). The decay of PGV14

  9. Upper Jurassic Norphlet formation: new frontier for hydrocarbon prospecting in the central and eastern Gulf of Mexico regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, E.A.; Mink, R.M.; Bearden, B.L.

    1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the discovery of oil in 1967 from the Smackover Formation at Toxey field, Choctaw County, Alabama, and of condensate in 1968 from the Norphlet Formation at Flomaton field, Escambia County, Alabama, the Upper Jurassic has become the primary exploration target in southwestern Alabama. Norphlet petroleum traps in the region are principally combination traps involving favorable stratigraphy and salt anticlines (Copeland field), extensional fault traps associated with salt movement (Flomaton field), and faulted salt anticlines (Hatter's Pond and Lower Mobile Bay-Mary Ann fields). Reservoir rocks include marine, dune, and fluvial sandstone lithofacies. Sandstone porosity involves both primary intergranular and secondary dissolution and fracture. Smackover algal carbonate mudstone is probably the source for much of the Norphlet hydrocarbon, but downdip Norphlet marine shales may also be source rocks. The central and eastern Gulf of Mexico regions should continue to be excellent areas to explore for hydrocarbons in the years ahead. Successful Norphlet petroleum prospecting in the area has involved the identification of favorable sandstone lithofacies and structural hydrocarbon traps by using geologic and geophysical methods. Future Norphlet discoveries will require the delineation of stratigraphic and structural/stratigraphic combination hydrocarbon traps using seismic-stratigraphic techniques.

  10. Upper Jurassic Norphlet formation: new frontier for hydrocarbon prospecting in the central and eastern Gulf of Mexico regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, E.A.; Mink, R.M.; Bearden, B.L.

    1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the discovery of oil in 1967 from the Smackover Formation at Toxey field, Choctaw County, Alabama, and of condensate in 1968 from the Norphlet Formation at Flomaton field, Escambia County, Alabama, the Upper Jurassic has become the primary exploration target in southwestern Alabama. Norphlet petroleum traps in the region are principally combination traps involving favorable stratigraphy and salt anticlines (Copeland field), exensional fault traps associated with salt movement (Flomaton field), and faulted salt anticlines (Hatter's Pond and Lower Mobile Bay-Mary Ann fields). Reservoir rocks include marine, dune, and fluvial sandstone lithofacies. Sandstone porosity involves both primary intergranular and secondary dissolution and fracture. Smackover algal carbonate mudstone is probably the source for much of the Norphlet hydrocarbon, but downdip Norphlet marine shales may also be source rocks. The central and eastern Gulf of Mexico regions should continue to be excellent areas to explore for hydrocarbons in the years ahead. Successful Norphlet petroleum prospecting in the area has involved the identification of favorable sandstone lithofacies and structural hydrocarbon traps by using geologic and geophysical methods. Future Norphlet discoveries will require the delineation of stratigraphic and structural/stratigraphic combination hydrocarbon traps using seismic-stratigraphic techniques.

  11. Regional regression models of watershed suspended-sediment discharge for the eastern United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vogel, Richard M.

    : Sediment transport Regression Water quality Ungaged GAGES SPARROW s u m m a r y Estimates of mean annual Streamflow (GAGES) database. The resulting regional regression models summarized for major US water resources contaminants including pesticides, met- als, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) readily sorb

  12. Integrated modelling and assessment of regional groundwater resources in Germany and Benin, West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cirpka, Olaf Arie

    1 Integrated modelling and assessment of regional groundwater resources in Germany and Benin, West.J.S. SONNEVELD [1] Institute of Hydraulic Engineering, Universitaet Stuttgart, Germany (Roland Conservation University of Bonn, Germany [3] Institute of Landscape Planning and Ecology, University

  13. ,"AGA Eastern Consuming Region Natural Gas Underground Storage Volume (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit:1996..........

  14. ,"Eastern Consuming Regions Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments;NetPrice (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"Price

  15. AGA Eastern Consuming Region Natural Gas in Underground Storage (Base Gas)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels forA 6 J 9 U B u o f l d w n s u o Q(Million

  16. AGA Eastern Consuming Region Natural Gas in Underground Storage - Change in

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels forA 6 J 9 U B u o f l d w n s u o

  17. AGA Eastern Consuming Region Natural Gas in Underground Storage - Change in

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels forA 6 J 9 U B u o f l d w n s u oWorking Gas

  18. Environmental links to interannual variability in shellfish toxicity in Cobscook Bay and eastern Maine, a strongly tidally mixed coastal region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Townsend, David W.

    Environmental links to interannual variability in shellfish toxicity in Cobscook Bay and eastern e i n f o Keywords: Harmful algal blooms Gulf of Maine Cobscook Bay Shellfish toxicity a b s t r a c of Cobscook Bay, where strong tidal mixing tends to reduce seasonal variability in oceanographic properties

  19. A Review of the Systematics of Angel Sharks Emphasizing the Species of the Eastern Pacific Region with a Modified Set of Morphometrics for Order Squatiniformes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alioto, Dominic

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    occurring in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Ayers compared hisoccurring in the eastern Pacific Ocean. It remains possibleof the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Squatiniformes are very

  20. THE REGIONAL AND DIURNAL VARIABILITY OF THE VERTICAL STRUCTURE OF PRECIPITATION SYSTEMS IN AFRICA, BASED ON TRMM PRECIPITATION RADAR DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geerts, Bart

    IN AFRICA, BASED ON TRMM PRECIPITATION RADAR DATA Bart Geerts1 and Teferi Dejene University of Wyoming 1 microwave radiances (e.g. Kummerow and Giglio 1994), and 14 GHz radar reflectivities (e.g. Ferreira et al-based techniques are much inferior to radar-based techniques, in principle at least, because the anvil of large

  1. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: ARCGIS Shape...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    toolslistarcgis-shape-files Transport Toolkit Region(s): Africa & Middle East Shapefiles for ArcGIS. Users can use the files for analysis of African nations' transport...

  2. Middle Pliocene Bovidae from Hominid-bearing sites in the Woranso-Mille area, Afar region, Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Ethiopia Denis Geraads 1* , Stephanie Melillo 2 , & Yohannes Haile-Selassie 3 1 UPR 2147 du CNRS, 44 rue de : Artiodactyla, Bovidae, Middle Pliocene, Ethiopia, eastern Africa halshs-00443584,version1-30Dec2009 Author-Mille (WORMIL) area, about 45km North of Hadar in the lower Awash Valley, Afar region, Ethiopia (Fig.1). Work

  3. africa power pool: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    more densely populated than parts of eastern and south- ern Africa, a net decrease in potential for human exposure to these vectors results. For A. gambiae, 78112 million fewer...

  4. North Atlantic control on precipitation pattern in the eastern Mediterranean/Black Sea region during the last glacial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    study of climate change during the last glacial maximum and late-glacial period in the Black Sea region-scale climate variability carried out in the Mediterranean Sea have demonstrated that this region reacted very sensitively to rapid climatic and oceanographic changes in the North Atlantic realm related to the well

  5. Selected ground-water data for Yucca Mountain region, southern Nevada and eastern California, through December 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LaCamera, R.J.; Locke, G.L.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Geological Survey, in support of the US Department of Energy, Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project, collects, compiles, and summarizes hydrologic data in the Yucca Mountain region. The data are collected to allow assessments of ground-water resources during studies to determine the potential suitability of Yucca Mountain for storing high-level nuclear waste. Data on ground-water levels at 36 sites, ground-water discharge at 6 sites, and ground-water withdrawals within Crater Flat, Jackass Flats, Mercury Valley, and the Amargosa Desert are presented for calendar year 1996. Data collected prior to 1996 are graphically presented and data collected by other agencies (or as part of other programs) are included to further indicate variations of ground-water levels, discharges, and withdrawals through time. A statistical summary of ground-water levels at seven wells in Jackass Flats is presented to indicate potential effects of ground-water withdrawals in support of US Department of Energy activities near Yucca Mountain. The statistical summary includes the number of measurements, the maximum, minimum, and median water-level altitudes, and the average deviation of measured water-level altitudes for selected baseline periods and for calendar years 1992--96. At two water-supply wells and a nearby observation well, median water levels for calendar year 1996 were slightly lower (0.3 to 0.4 foot) than for the respective baseline periods. At four other wells in Jackass Flats, median water levels for 1996 were unchanged, slightly lower (0.2 foot), and slightly higher (0.2 and 0.7 foot) than for the respective baseline periods.

  6. Partitioned Waveform Inversion Applied to Eurasia and Northern Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    bedle, H; Matzel, E; Flanagan, M

    2006-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the data analysis achieved during Heather Bedle's eleven-week Technical Scholar internship at Lawrence Livermore National Labs during the early summer 2006. The work completed during this internship resulted in constraints on the crustal and upper mantle S-velocity structure in Northern Africa, the Mediterranean, the Middle East, and Europe, through the fitting of regional waveform data. This data extends current raypath coverage and will be included in a joint inversion along with data from surface wave group velocity measurements, S and P teleseismic arrival time data, and receiver function data to create an improved velocity model of the upper mantle in this region. The tectonic structure of the North African/Mediterranean/Europe/Middle Eastern study region is extremely heterogeneous. This region consists of, among others, stable cratons and platforms such as the West Africa Craton, and Baltica in Northern Europe; oceanic subduction zones throughout the Mediterranean Sea where the African and Eurasian plate collide; regions of continental collision as the Arabian Plate moves northward into the Turkish Plate; and rifting in the Red Sea, separating the Arabian and Nubian shields. With such diverse tectonic structures, many of the waveforms were difficult to fit. This is not unexpected as the waveforms are fit using an averaged structure. In many cases the raypaths encounter several tectonic features, complicating the waveform, and making it hard for the software to converge on a 1D average structure. Overall, the quality of the waveform data was average, with roughly 30% of the waveforms being discarded due to excessive noise that interfered with the frequency ranges of interest. An inversion for the 3D S-velocity structure of this region was also performed following the methodology of Partitioned Waveform Inversion (Nolet, 1990; Van der Lee and Nolet, 1997). The addition of the newly fit waveforms drastically extends the range of the model. The model now extends as far east in Africa to cover Chad and Niger, and reaches south to cover Zambia. The model is also stretched eastward to cover the eastern half of India, and northward to cover the southern portion of Scandinavia.

  7. Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haun, R.R. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Dallas, TX (United States); Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

    1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

  8. SOUTH AFRICA'S MEERKAT ARRAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    SOUTH AFRICA'S MEERKAT ARRAY THE MEERKAT ARRAY, currently taking shape in South Africa's Karoo) is completed around 2024. Via MeerKAT, South Africa is playing a key role in design and technology developments at the engineering office in Cape Town, and at universities and technology companies across South Africa and Africa

  9. Regional and Local-Scale Population Genetic Structure of a Primitive Teleost, the African Bonytongue (Heterotis niloticus), in Rivers of West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrera, Elizabeth

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    of the African bonytongue in Benin, West Africa, was examined using six microsatellite markers. In total, 221 H. niloticus individuals were sampled from 12 localities in Benin that include three river basins: Oueme-So (ten localities sampled); Mono (one locality...

  10. Evaluating the Interstate Highway Transportation System in West Africa: Recommendations for an Integrated Highway Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyang, Lamin Bumi

    2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    facilitate development and spur economic growth in the West African region by attracting foreign investors, residential, commercial, and industrial development along its corridor. With an integrated interstate highway system in West Africa, it is expected... infrastructure so that it becomes the catalyst for Africa’s growth. The regionally integrated corridor approach offers prospects for speedier integration of infrastructure systems in Africa. The vision and ultimate objective for Africa should be to create a...

  11. Structural analysis of the 5 prime flanking region of the. beta. -globin gene in African sickle cell anemia patients: Further evidence for three origins of the sickle cell mutation in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chebloune, Y.; Pagnier, J.; Trabuchet, G.; Faure, C.; Verdier, G.; Labie, D.; Nigon, V. (Universite Claude Bernard-Lyon, Villeurbane (France))

    1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Haplotype analysis of the {beta}-globin gene cluster shows two regions of DNA characterized by nonrandom association of restriction site polymorphisms. These regions are separated by a variable segment containing the repeated sequences (ATTTT){sub n} and (AT){sub x}T{sub y}, which might be involved in recombinational events. Studies of haplotypes linked to the sickle cell gene in Africa provide strong argument for three origins of the mutation: Benin, Senegal, and the Central African Republic. The structure of the variable segment in the three African populations was studied by S1 nuclease mapping of genomic DNA, which allows a comparison of several samples. A 1080-base-pair DNA segment was sequenced for one sample from each population. S1 nuclease mapping confirmed the homogeneity of each population with regard to both (ATTTT){sub n} and (AT){sub x}T{sub y} repeats. The authors found three additional structures for (AT){sub x}T{sub y} correlating with the geographic origin of the patients. Ten other nucleotide positions, 5{prime} and 3{prime} to the (AT){sub x}T{sub y} copies, were found to be variable when compared to homologous sequences from human and monkey DNAs. These results allow us to propose an evolutionary scheme for the polymorphisms in the 5{prime} flanking region of the {beta}-globin gene. The results strongly support the hypothesis of three origins for the sickle mutation in Africa.

  12. Ambient aromatic hydrocarbon measurements at Welgegund, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaars, K.; Beukes, J. P.; van Zyl, P. G.; Venter, A. D.; Josipovic, M.; Pienaar, J. J.; Vakkari, Ville; Aaltonen, H.; Laakso, H.; Kulmala, M.; Tiitta, P.; Guenther, Alex B.; Hellen, H.; Laakso, L.; Hakola, H.

    2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Aromatic hydrocarbons are associated with direct adverse human health effects and can have negative impacts on ecosystems due to their toxicity, as well as indirect negative effects through the formation of tropospheric ozone and secondary organic aerosol that affect human health, crop production and regional climate. Measurements were conducted at the Welgegund measurement station (South Africa) that is considered to be a regionally representative background site. However, the site is occasionally impacted by plumes from major anthropogenic source regions in the interior of South Africa, which include the western Bushveld Igneous Complex (e.g. platinum, base metal and ferrochrome smelters), the eastern Bushveld Igneous Complex (platinum and ferrochrome smelters), the Johannesburg-Pretoria metropolitan conurbation (>10 million people), the Vaal Triangle (e.g. petrochemical and industries), the Mpumalanga Highveld (e.g. coal-fired power plants and petrochemical industry) and also a region of anti-cyclonic recirculation of air mass over the interior of South Africa. The aromatic hydrocarbon measurements were conducted with an automated sampler on Tenax-TA and Carbopack-B adsorbent tubes with heated inlet for one year. Samples were collected twice a week for two hours during daytime and two hours 1 during night-time. A thermal desorption unit, connected to a gas chromatograph and a mass 2 selective detector was used for sample preparation and analysis. Results indicated that the 3 monthly median total aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations ranged between 0.01 to 3.1 ppb. 4 Benzene levels did not exceed local air quality standards. Toluene was the most abundant 5 species, with an annual median concentration of 0.63 ppb. No statistically significant 6 differences in the concentrations measured during daytime and night-time were found and no distinct seasonal patterns were observed. Air mass back trajectory analysis proved that the lack of seasonal cycles could be attributed to patterns determining the origin of the air masses sampled. Aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations were in general significantly higher in air masses that passed over anthropocentrically impacted regions. Interspecies correlations and ratios gave some indications of the possible sources for the different aromatic hydrocarbons in the source regions defined in the paper. The highest contribution of aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations to ozone formation potential was also observed in plumes passing over anthropocentrically impacted regions.

  13. Beta diversity of angiosperms in temperate floras of eastern Asia and eastern North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peet, Robert K.

    LETTER Beta diversity of angiosperms in temperate floras of eastern Asia and eastern North America The diversity of a region reflects both local diversity and the turnover of species (beta diversity) between, we calculated beta diversity as the slope of the relationship between the log of species similarity

  14. Capacity Building on Access to Energy in Africa: Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capacity Building on Access to Energy in Africa: Final Report Danish Support to EUEI Facilitation from African partner organisations and individuals Title: Capacity Building on Access to Energy (Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs) Cover: Solar home system installed at house near Chipata, Eastern

  15. Geothermal Data via the Virginia Tech and DMME Portal to the National Geothermal Data System for the Eastern and Southeastern United States from the Regional Geophysics Laboratory of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The former title for this record was "Geothermal Data for the Eastern and Southeastern U.S. from the Regional Geophysics Laboratory of Virginia Tech." The content originally referenced is still available. It includes geothermal maps of seven southeastern states with accompanying data tables. The seven states are: New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Caroline, and Georgia. Data types include geothermal data, seismic data, and magnetic and gravity data. Typical geothermal data may include tables of temperature versus depth data, plots of temperature/gradient versus depth, tables of thermal conductivity data, and tables of gamma log data. Other resources available from the RGL provide information about hot springs in the southeastern U.S., temperatures for Atlantic Coastal Plain sediments, and deep fracture permeability in crystalline rocks in the eastern and southeastern U.S. Recently, this website and its collection of geothermal data has been renamed and reorganized as a portal into the National Geothermal Data System, a move that makes far more data both available and integrated.

  16. Draft January 13, (ver 12) Africas technology leap are we part of the development?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Examples are countries like South Africa, Kenya, Nigeria and Angola. A driving factor has been Brazilian, ABB, Head of Public Affairs - Sweden and Northern Europe Region "Sun-energy project Sub Saharan Africa

  17. North Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The total area covered by petroleum rights in the six countries described in this paper increased by more than 17% in 1980 compared to 1979. Joint venture agreements were finalized for 19 blocks over 94,000 km/sup 2/ in the Algerian venture. Although official information is scarce for Algeria and Libya, seismic activity probably increased in 1980 compared to 1979. Exploration drilling activity increased with 121 wildcats drilled compared to 93 during the previous year. This effort led to 40 discoveries, a 34.5% success ratio. Chevron was especially successful in wildcatting, with 6 oil discoveries for 8 wells drilled in the interior basins of Sudan. One Moroccan discovery can be considered as a highlight: the BRPM Meskala 101 well in the Essaouira basin found an apparently large amount of gas in Triassic sandstones. This discovery deserves special attention, since the gas has been found in Triassic pays rather than in the usual Jurassic pays in the Essaouira basin. Oil production in North Africa decreased from about 13.5% in 1980, with about 3,405,000 barrels of oil per day compared to 3,939,500 barrels of oil per day in 1979. When oil output strongly decreased in Algeria (-16.4%) and Libya (-15.6%), Tunisian production peaked at 116,287 barrels of oil per day and Egypt production also peaked at 584,148 barrels of oil per day. Total gas production in 1980 strongly declined from 44%, mostly due to the decline of the Algerian gas production. 8 figures, 40 tables.

  18. Concurrent tectonic and climatic changes recorded in upper Tortonian sediments from the Eastern Mediterranean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    evolution in the eastern Mediterranean region. Concurrent tectonic and climatic changes in the MetochiaConcurrent tectonic and climatic changes recorded in upper Tortonian sediments from the Eastern climatic reconstructions reveal substantial changes, especially on the North African continent which

  19. Regional Summary Pacific Region Management Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , for the Eastern Pacific Ocean, and the Western and Central Pacific Fishery Commission, for the Western PacificRegional Summary Pacific Region Management Context The Pacific Region includes California, Oregon, and Washington. Federal fisheries in this region are managed by the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC

  20. Simulating the connections of ENSO and the rainfall regime of East Africa and the upper Blue Nile region using a climate model of the Tropics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaroug, M. A. H.

    We simulate the observed statistical relationship between ENSO and the rainfall regime of the upper Blue Nile using the tropical-band version of the regional climate model RegCM4 (or Reg-TB). An ensemble of nine simulations ...

  1. Ending Africa's Poverty Trap Africa's development crisis is unique. Not only is Africa the poorest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland), and a num- ber of very small economies (Cape assistance on issues regarding energy and transport infrastructure. #12;than tropical Africa. They growEnding Africa's Poverty Trap Africa's development crisis is unique. Not only is Africa the poorest

  2. Middle East & North Africa

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    West Bank and Gaza notes & data Yemen brief | data North Africa Algeria brief | data Egypt brief | data Libya brief | data Morocco notes & data Sudan and South Sudan brief |...

  3. Scaling up of Carbon Exchange Dynamics from AmeriFlux Sites to a Super-Region in the Eastern United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hans Peter Schmid; Craig Wayson

    2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary objective of this project was to evaluate carbon exchange dynamics across a region of North America between the Great Plains and the East Coast. This region contains about 40 active carbon cycle research (AmeriFlux) sites in a variety of climatic and landuse settings, from upland forest to urban development. The core research involved a scaling strategy that uses measured fluxes of CO{sub 2}, energy, water, and other biophysical and biometric parameters to train and calibrate surface-vegetation-atmosphere models, in conjunction with satellite (MODIS) derived drivers. To achieve matching of measured and modeled fluxes, the ecosystem parameters of the models will be adjusted to the dynamically variable flux-tower footprints following Schmid (1997). High-resolution vegetation index variations around the flux sites have been derived from Landsat data for this purpose. The calibrated models are being used in conjunction with MODIS data, atmospheric re-analysis data, and digital land-cover databases to derive ecosystem exchange fluxes over the study domain.

  4. Geology and petroleum resources of north-central and northeast Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, J.A.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In north-central and northeast Africa, important petroleum accumulations exist in the Sirte basin of Libya, the western Sahara region of Algeria, the Pelagian platform offshore from eastern Tunisia, and in the Western Desert basin, Suez graben, and Nile delta in Egypt. Approximately 55 major fields (> 100 million BOE), of which 15 are giants (> 1 billion BOE), have been found in these provinces. Total estimated ultimate production from existing fields in 60 billion bbl of oil and 100 tcf of gas; estimated undiscovered petroleum resources are 26 billion bbl of oil and 93 tcf of gas. The post-Precambrian sedimentary basins of north Africa are related to the development of the Sahara platform during at least four main tectonic episodes (the Caledonian, Hercynian, Laramide, and Alpine cycles). The sedimentary cover of the platform, which includes rocks of all geologic systems, ranges from less than 1000 m (3300 ft) in the south to more than 9000 m (30,000 ft) along the Mediterranean coast. Paleozoic rocks are primarily continental and nearshore marine sandstone and shale, which are important reservoir and source rocks for petroleum in the central and western parts of the Sahara platform. Lower Mesozoic rocks were deposited in a continental and restricted marine environment, and contain thick beds of red beds and evaporites, including salt, which are important seals for oil and gas fields. Upper Mesozoic and Tertiary rocks are related to the development of the Mediterranean Tethys geosyncline and are characterized by numerous transgressive-regressive cycles of the Tethyan seaway. Marine carbonate and shale facies are dominant in the Upper Jurassic, Cretaceous, and lower Tertiary section of northern Libya, eastern Tunisia-Pelagian platform, and northern Egypt. Upper Tertiary beds are continental clastics on most of the platform, except near the Mediterranean.

  5. Glaciation and saline-freshwater mixing as a possible cause of cave formation in the eastern midcontinent region of the United States: A conceptual model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Panno, S.V. (Illinois State Geological Survey, Champaign (USA)); Bourcier, W.L. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA))

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a hypothesis for the formation of caves and associated karst features near the southern margins of the Illinois, Michigan, and Appalachian basins. Spatial and temporal relations among intracratonic basins, karstic terrain, and continental glaciation suggest that Pleistocene glaciation may have initiated the discharge of saline waters from the margins of these basins. Glaciation-induced discharge of saline waters could result from the consolidation of sediments due to the overlying pressure of glacial ice, and flushing of underlying aquifers as a result of bottom melting in recharge areas of basic aquifers. The upward migration of basin-derived saline waters into near-surface aquifers would result in the mixing of saline waters with infiltrating glacial meltwater and meteoric water. The development of a vertically restricted zone of mixing of saline and fresh water in limestone aquifers would result in the dissolution of limestone; this mechanism could be responsible for the formation, or at least the initiation of, some caves and associated karst features in the midcontinent region.

  6. africa mediterranean fruit: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: Development and evaluation of the BSC-DREAM8b dust regional model over Northern Africa, Barcelona, Spain (Manuscript received 6 September 2011; in final form 30...

  7. NRF Republic of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dintrans, Boris

    1 NRF Republic of South Africa GDRI Project Groupement de Recherche International International Africa called SACCLAP (Seasonal and Annual trends of Air quality at the South Africa scale and its impact Research Consortium Atmospheric Research in Southern Africa and Indian Ocean (ARSAIO) September 2008 #12

  8. Geochronology of the Sikombe Granite, Transkei, Natal Metamorphic Province, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, William P.

    Geochronology of the Sikombe Granite, Transkei, Natal Metamorphic Province, South Africa Robert J of the syntectonic, gneissose Sikombe Granite from northeastern Transkei (Eastern Cape Province). The outcrops form of three samples of the Sikombe Granite give consistent, positive Nd values (+4 at t = 1180 Ma) showing

  9. A Preliminary Look at the Crust and Upper Mantle of North Africa Using Libyan Seismic Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasyanos, M

    2005-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, LLNL has been developing methods to jointly invert both surface wave dispersion data and teleseismic receiver functions. The technique holds great promise in accurately estimating seismic structure, including important tectonic parameters such as basin thickness, crustal thickness, upper mantle velocity, etc. We proposed applying this method to some recently available data from several Libyan stations, as we believe the technique has not been applied to any stations in Libya. The technique holds the promise of improving our understanding of the crust and upper mantle in Libya and North Africa. We recently requested seismic data from stations GHAR (Gharyan) and MARJ (Al Marj) in Libya for about 20 events. The events were large events at regional distances suitable for making dispersion measurements. An example of waveforms recorded at the two stations from an earthquake in Italy is shown in Figure 1. The paths traverse the Ionian Sea. Notice the slow short period group velocities of the surface waves across the Mediterranean, particularly to the easternmost station MARJ. However, because of data availability, signal-to-noise ratio, etc. we were unable to make measurements for every one of these events at both stations. Figure 2 shows a map of paths for 20 sec Rayleigh waves in the eastern Mediterranean region. Paths measured at the two Libyan stations are shown in green. Rayleigh wave dispersion measurements at 20 sec period are sensitive to velocities in the upper 20 km or so, and reveal sediment thickness, crustal velocity, and crustal thickness. Tomographic inversions reveal the sharp group velocity contrast between regions with deep sedimentary basins and those without. Figure 3, the result of an inversion made before adding the new dispersion measurements, shows slow group velocities in the Black Sea, Adriatic Sea, and Eastern Mediterranean. In general, these features correspond well with the sediment thickness model from Laske, shown in Figure 4. Details in and around the Sirt (Sirte) Basin in northern Libya, however, are poorly defined.

  10. THE UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA SOUTH AFRICA ACT, 1909

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    THE UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA SOUTH AFRICA ACT, 1909 This Act was passed through both Houses of the Imperial Parliament exactly as it was forwarded after the South African Convention was held

  11. Writing Through the Visual/Virtual: Inscribing Language, Literature and Culture in Francophone Africa and the Caribbean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DIAWARA (UNESCO, Regional Bureau for Education in Africa) "Writing, Learning and Teaching Material Rokhaya Fall Diawara Admission is free; please register by February 21 to rdelance

  12. Country Energy Profile, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This country energy profile provides energy and economic information about South Africa. Areas covered include: Economics, demographics, and environment; Energy situation; Energy structure; Energy investment opportunities; Department of Energy (DOE) programs in South Africa; and a listing of International aid to South Africa.

  13. Eastern Frequency Response Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, N.W.; Shao, M.; Pajic, S.; D'Aquila, R.

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study was specifically designed to investigate the frequency response of the Eastern Interconnection that results from large loss-of-generation events of the type targeted by the North American Electric Reliability Corp. Standard BAL-003 Frequency Response and Frequency Bias Setting (NERC 2012a), under possible future system conditions with high levels of wind generation.

  14. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    White Paper on South Africa’s Energy Policy is the firstfor Electricity. South Africa: Department of Energy. From2030 - IRP. From South Africa Department of Energy: http://

  15. Michigan State University Cooperation with South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Taosheng

    Michigan State University Cooperation with South Africa: Forty Years of Partnerships African President of South Africa 1994-1999 #12;ii Michigan State University Cooperation with South Africa Table of Contents Introduction: Michigan and MSU Engagement in Africa and South Africa The Beginnings

  16. South Africa is shortlisted to host a major scientific facility -the Square Kilometre Array (SKA). The SKA is a next-generation radio telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    South Africa is shortlisted to host a major scientific facility - the Square Kilometre Array (SKA instrument in a radio-quiet area in the arid Karoo region of South Africa's Northern Cape Province. Further the fron- tiers of science and technology, South Africa's SKA project attracts the brightest and most

  17. Executive Summary The Eastern Panhandle (Berkeley, Jefferson, and Morgan counties) has been among the fastest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    , the state would have posted net population losses. The labor market in the Eastern Panhandle has been tight from 2006 to 2007, and the region is on pace through the first eight months of the year to post net job slowly at first. For the Eastern Panhandle, this translates into net job losses in 2008 and 2009. Growth

  18. Training Manual for Micro, Small and Medium Entrepreneurs in...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Interface: Website Website: www.gvepinternational.orgsitesdefaultfilesmanualforsmeenergyfi Cost: Free UN Region: Eastern Africa Language: English The training manual is...

  19. Guayule rubber for South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    It is reported that Agtec together with South Africa's Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, is investigating the possibility of large-scale production of guayule. The rubber-yielding shrub grows in semi-arid climates and may be the source of a $35-million natural rubber industry in South Africa.

  20. Surficial sediments of the continental rise and slope, Niger Delta, West Africa: properties and geology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kobilka, David William

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The submarine portions of the Niger Delta, West Africa are undergoing active gravity tectonic deformation due to thick deposits of ductile shale overlain by paralic sands. Because the region is rich in hydrocarbon reserves, the subdermal Niger Delta...

  1. Kinematically consistent, elastic block model for the eastern Mediterranean constrained by GPS measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Shawn A. (Shawn Adam), 1975-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I use a Global Positioning System (GPS) velocity field to constrain block models of the eastern Mediterranean and surrounding regions that account for the angular velocities of constituent blocks and elastic strain ...

  2. Deformation, erosion and sedimentation in collisional orogens : case studies from eastern Tibet and southwestern China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Studnicki-Gizbert, Christopher Terrance

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation addresses aspects of the tectonics of regions adjacent to the eastern Himalayan syntaxis. The first chapter describes the Tertiary Gonjo basin, includes structural and sedimentologic observations, and ...

  3. Developing Africa's economy Doing the sums on Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). Governments in countries such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda are co-operating closely with America almost 2,000 troops in the Combined Joint Task Force Horn of Africa, based in Panos Page 1 of 6Economist

  4. Jurassic petroleum trends in eastern Gulf Coastal Plain and central and eastern Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, E.A.; Mink, R.M.; Bearden, B.L.

    1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three Jurassic petroleum trends can be delineated in Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida, and in the central and eastern Gulf of Mexico. These trends are recognized by characteristic petroleum traps, reservoirs, and hydrocarbon types. The source for the Jurassic hydrocarbons is Smackover algal mudstones. The Jurassic oil trend includes the area north of the regional peripheral fault systems in the tri-state area, and extends into the area north of the Destin anticline. Traps are basement highs and salt anticlines, with Smackover grainstones and dolostones and Norphlet marine, eolian, and wadi sandstones as reservoirs. This trend has potential for Jurassic oil accumulations in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. The Jurassic oil and gas-condensate trend includes the onshore area between the regional peripheral fault systems and Wiggins arch and extends into the area of the Destin anticline. Traps are basement highs, salt related anticlines, and extensional faults. Cotton Valley fluvial-deltaic sandstones, Haynesville carbonates and fluvial-deltaic sandstones, Smackover grainstones, packstones, dolostones, and marine sandstones, and Norphlet marine, eolian, and wadi sandstones serve as reservoirs. This trend contains most of the Jurassic fields in the eastern Gulf coastal plain. The trend has high potential for significant petroleum accumulations in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. The Jurassic deep natural gas trend includes the onshore area south of the Wiggins arch and extends into the Mississippi-Alabama shelf. Traps are faulted salt anticlines with basement highs as potential traps. Cotton Valley deltaic-strandplain sandstones and Norphlet eolian sandstones are the reservoirs. Several gas discoveries below 20,000 ft have been made in this trend in Mississippi and offshore Alabama. The trend has excellent potential for major gas accumulations in coastal Alabama and central Gulf of Mexico.

  5. Energy Efficient Refrigerators Incentive Program Options for South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Covary, Unlimited Energy, South Africa and Paul Waide, WaideCA 94720 Unlimited Energy 2 South Africa Waide Strategicof refrigerator energy efficiency for South Africa. The

  6. africa lessons learned: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Renewable Energy Websites Summary: Ending Africa's Poverty Trap Africa's development crisis is unique. Not only is Africa the poorest this growth recovered ground lost during the...

  7. Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Eastern Interconnection States’ Planning Council (EISPC) has released the Energy Zones (EZ) Mapping Tool, a free, web-based interactive tool that will help states and other stakeholders in the Eastern Interconnection identify geographic areas suitable for the development of clean energy resources (natural gas, sequestration or utilitization locations for C02 from coal, nuclear, and renewable) which can potentially provide significant amounts of new electric power generation.

  8. Coal rank trends in eastern Kentucky

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hower, J.C.; Trinkle, E.J.

    1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Examination of coal rank (by vitrinite maximum reflectance) for eastern Kentucky coals has revealed several regional trends. Coal rank varies from high volatile C (0.5% R/sub max/) to medium volatile bituminous (1.1% R/sub max/), and generally increases to the southeast. One east-west-trending rank high and at least four north-south-trending rank highs interrupt the regional increase. The east-west-trending rank high is associated with the Kentucky River faults in northeastern Kentucky. It is the only rank high clearly associated with a fault zone. The four north-south-trending rank highs are parallel with portions of major tectonic features such as the Eastern Kentucky syncline. Overall, though, the association of north-south-trending rank highs with tectonic expression is not as marked as that with the anomaly associated with the Kentucky River faults. It is possible that the rank trends are related to basement features with subdued surface expression. Rank generally increases with depth, and regional trends observed in one coal are also seen in overlying and underlying coals. The cause of the regional southeastward increase in rank is likely to be the combined influence of greater depth of burial and proximity to late Paleozoic orogenic activity. The anomalous trends could be due to increased depth of burial, but are more likely to have resulted from tectonic activity along faults and basement discontinuities. The thermal disturbances necessary to increase the coal rank need not have been great, perhaps on the order of 10-20/sup 0/C (18-36/sup 0/F) above the metamorphic temperatures of the lower rank coals.

  9. Plains and Eastern Clean Line Transmission Line: Comment from...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    from Block Plains and Eastern Clean Line: Arkansas and Oklahoma Plains and Eastern Clean Line Transmission Line: Comment from Block Plains and Eastern Clean Line: Arkansas and...

  10. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    White Paper on South Africa’s Energy Policy is the first2012a) ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN SOUTH AFRICA GENERAL POLICYENERGY EFFICIENCY IN SOUTH AFRICA . 17 G ENERAL POLICY

  11. Africa; Expanding market creates more gas lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quarles, W.R.; Thiede, K.; Parent, L.

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors report on pipeline development activities in Africa. They discuss how a growing European market for gas has increased potential pipeline construction in Africa, especially for Algeria, Egypt, and Libya.

  12. african high-level regional: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    model (MRCM) in simulating the West African monsoon. The MRCM is built on the Regional Climate Model, ... Im, Eun-Soon 6 FREEDOM TO INNOVATE BIOTECHNOLOGY IN AFRICAS...

  13. Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa's Transport Infrastructure Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management...

  14. Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloom, A.

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation provides a high-level overview of the Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study process, scenarios, tools, and goals.

  15. COOPENER Development and Energy in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEA COOPENER Development and Energy in Africa Contract no. EIE/04/201/s07.43094 DEA Development and Energy in Africa Intelligent Energy ­ Europe (IEE) Type of action: COOPENER Key action: VKA11 is part of the COOPENER project "Development and Energy in Africa (DEA)" initiated on 1 May 2005

  16. 22 July 2014 Cape Town, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    22 July 2014 Cape Town, South Africa 20 years of democracy in SA, 25 years since the fall Social Sciences Building, Upper Campus The Delegation of the European Union to South Africa, as part of its EU Inspiring Thinkers Series, along with the German Embassy in South Africa and the University

  17. SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    SCIENCE RESEARCH POLICY IN SOUTH AFRICA George F R Ellis A DISCUSSION DOCUMENT for the Royal Society of South Africa February 14, 2001 #12;i Preface This science policy discussion document has been written by Prof G F R Ellis (University of Cape Town) on behalf of the Royal Society of South Africa

  18. Environment and Land in Bushbuckridge, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Environment and Land in Bushbuckridge, South Africa © 2002, Professor Robert Thornton Department of Anthropology University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa Acknowledgements: Research), and by the Centre for Science Development, Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa. Printed:24 April

  19. eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barton, C.E.; /Australian Natl. U., Canberra; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; /Lab.Phys.Plasmas, Saint Maur des Fosses; Barry, B.; /Assoc.African Univ., Accra; Chukwuma; /Olabisi Onabanjo U.; Cottrell, R.L.; /SLAC; Kalim, U.; /Pakistan Natl. U.; Mebrahtu, A.; /Mekelle U.; Petitdidier, M.; /Lab. d'Atmos., Velizy; Rabiu, B.; /Federal Tech. U., Akure; Reeves, C.; /Earthworks bv, Delft; ,

    2010-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffers some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs - National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide - either as a direct policy objective, or indirectly as a means to an end, such as the development of an indigenous capability in science and technology for national development. The expectation is that informed opinion from the scientific community at the institutional, national, and international levels can be used to influence the decision makers and donors who are in a position to deliver better Internet capabilities.

  20. Guidelines for ground motion definition for the eastern United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gwaltney, R.C.; Aramayo, G.A.; Williams, R.T.

    1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guidelines for the determination of earthquake ground motion definition for the eastern United States are established here. Both far-field and near-field guidelines are given. The guidelines were based on an extensive review of the current procedures for specifying ground motion in the United States. Both empirical and theoretical procedures were used in establishing the guidelines because of the low seismicity in the eastern United States. Only a few large- to great-sized earthquakes (M/sub s/ > 7.5) have occurred in this region, no evidence of tectonic surface ruptures related to historic or Holocene earthquakes has been found, and no currently active plate boundaries of any kind are known in this region. Very little instrumented data have been gathered in the East. Theoretical procedures are proposed so that in regions of almost no data, a reasonable level of seismic ground motion activity can be assumed. The guidelines are to be used to develop the safe shutdown earthquake (SSE). A new procedure for establishing the operating basis earthquake (OBE) is proposed, in particular for the eastern United States. The OBE would be developed using a probabilistic assessment of the geological conditions and the recurrence of seismic events at a site. These guidelines should be useful in development of seismic design requirements for future reactors. 17 refs., figs., tabs.

  1. Dissecting the eastern margin of the Tibetan plateau : a study of landslides, erosion and river incision in a transient landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouimet, William Burke

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The eastern margin of the Tibetan plateau is characterized by large rivers dissecting regional topography that has been uplifted in association with the continued convergence of the Indian subcontinent and Eurasia. In this ...

  2. Analysis of reservoir performance and forecasting for the eastern area of the C-2 Reservoir, Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urdaneta Anez, Jackeline C

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research developed a numerical simulation based on the latest reservoir description to evaluate the feasibility of new infill wells to maximize the recovery specifically in the eastern region of the reservoir operated by Petroleos de Venezuela...

  3. Fine Structure in the Energy Region of the Isoscalar Giant Quadrupole Resonance: Characteristic Scales from a Wavelet Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ponomarev, Vladimir

    of the Witwatersrand, PO Wits, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa 3 Physics Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700, South Africa 4 iThemba LABS, PO Box 722, Somerset West 7129, South Africa 5 DepartmentFine Structure in the Energy Region of the Isoscalar Giant Quadrupole Resonance: Characteristic

  4. Tropical Africa: Land use, biomass, and carbon estimates for 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S. [Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR (United States). Western Ecology Division; Gaston, G. [Environmental Protection Agency, Corvallis, OR (United States). National Research Council; Daniels, R.C. [ed.] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980 and describes a methodology that may be used to extend this data set to 1990 and beyond based on population and land cover data. The biomass data and carbon estimates are for woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with the possible magnitude of historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth`s land surface and includes those countries that for the most part are located in Tropical Africa. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in southern Africa (i.e., Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Western Sahara) have maximum potential biomass and land cover information but do not have biomass or carbon estimate. The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{sup TM} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass-carbon values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  5. High temperature solar thermal technology: The North Africa Market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High temperature solar thermal (HTST) technology offers an attractive option for both industrialized and non-industrialized countries to generate electricity and industrial process steam. The purpose of this report is to assess the potential market for solar thermal applications in the North African countries of Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. North Africa was selected because of its outstanding solar resource base and the variety of applications to be found there. Diminishing oil and gas resources, coupled with expanding energy needs, opens a large potential market for the US industry. The US high temperature solar trough industry has little competition globally and could build a large market in these areas. The US is already familiar with certain solar markets in North Africa due to the supplying of substantial quantities of US-manufactured flat plate collectors to this region.

  6. IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IOL: Africa's big plans for biofuel Africa's big plans for biofuel By Clare Byrne Visitors to Madagascar, Senegal to South Africa, biofuels is the buzzword as African countries wake up to the possibility of using their vast spaces to grow crops that reduce their fossil fuel bill. Biofuels also carry

  7. Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This one-page, two-sided fact sheet provides an overview of the Eastern Renewable Generation and Integration Study process.

  8. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Interactive MAP in PDF, all Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive MAP in PDF, all...

  9. Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Midling, Michael B

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nigeria lacks Berkeley Undergraduate Journal: Volume 24, Issue 3 Biotechnology Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa Michael Baihua Midling regular energy,

  10. CHEMOSTRATIGRAPHY OF THE PALEOPROTEROZOIC DUITSCHLAND FORMATION, SOUTH AFRICA: IMPLICATIONS FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaufman, Alan Jay

    CHEMOSTRATIGRAPHY OF THE PALEOPROTEROZOIC DUITSCHLAND FORMATION, SOUTH AFRICA: IMPLICATIONS the only unequivocal glacial unit of this era in the Transvaal Basin, South Africa. Lithologic evidence Park 2006, Johannesburg, South Africa. [American Journal of Science, Vol. 301, March, 2001, P. 261

  11. Location and Institution SOUTH AFRICA -PRETORIA FORDHAM UNIVERSITY -UBUNTU PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galles, David

    Location and Institution SOUTH AFRICA - PRETORIA FORDHAM UNIVERSITY - UBUNTU demographics, and South Africa. Students will also take a required module in Sociology holders need a student visa to enter and study in South Africa, which must

  12. SPRING 2012 STUDY ABROAD in CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    SPRING 2012 STUDY ABROAD in CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA Want to find out studying the multiple concerns facing South Africa as it strives to become one. Take three academically engaging courses: The History & Politics of South Africa

  13. Oil and Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Natural Gas in Sub-Saharan Africa August 1, 2013 2 Sub-Saharan Africa Source: U.S. Department of State Liquid Fuels Reserves and Production in Sub-Saharan Africa 3 4 Sub-Saharan...

  14. ,"AGA Eastern Consuming Region Underground Natural Gas Storage...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Underground Natural Gas Storage - All Operators" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

  15. American Nuclear Society eastern regional student conference. Transactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fifty-eight abstracts are presented under the following headings: computer applications, safety and economics, fusion, thermal hydraulics, radiation studies, environmental analysis, and reactor design and applications. (DLC)

  16. Eastern Consuming Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage (Billion

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at1,066,688 760,877SouthwestWisconsinStatement 1 June2009 2010

  17. Eastern Consuming Regions Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at1,066,688 760,877SouthwestWisconsinStatement 1 June2009

  18. Eastern Consuming Regions Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469DecadeOrigin State1,237 1,471 2,114 2,970(Million

  19. AGA Eastern Consuming Region Natural Gas Underground Storage Volume

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25,9,1996 N Y625(95)

  20. AGA Eastern Consuming Region Natural Gas Working Underground Storage

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001Capacity (Million Cubic Feet) Working

  1. Post-apartheid transformations and population change around Dwesa-Cwebe nature reserve, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, Derick A

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and resettlement in South Africa’s Transkei. Ph.D. thesis.Cwebe nature reserves, South Africa. In: The rights andbased development on South Africa’s Wild Coast (eds. Palmer,

  2. aaa east africa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Western Ontario (2011) 12;EAST AFRICA Recruitment and Building Denham, Graham 2 FAO Forestry Department Wood Energy WISDOM East Africa Renewable Energy Websites Summary: FAO -...

  3. africa central african: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    can help solve the infrastructure crisis in Africa by creating a 1 billion Clean Energy Fund for Africa to facilitate the transfer of clean technology, including renewable...

  4. West Africa Emerges as Leading Region in Africa for Renewable Energy and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown ofNationwideWTED Jump to:Ohio:Wendel, California: Energy ResourcesWeptosEnergy

  5. Why is Eastern Redcedar a Hazardous Fuel?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

    Why is Eastern Redcedar a Hazardous Fuel? Why is Eastern Redcedar a Hazardous Fuel? Homes built the destruction of fire-tolerant trees if a wildfire moves through the area. Creating fuel breaks (such ignite it. · When ERC grows in forests and wood- lands, it acts as a ladder fuel to allow fire to climb

  6. Contacts at Regional Coordination Offices West Africa Bassirou Bonfoh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Mira Arynova Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan mira.arynova@ucentralasia.org www.nccr-central-asia.org South Asia- Aletsch Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Thailand Laos Vietnam China (Yunnan Province) Cambodia

  7. africa mena region: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    may be one of the few African countries that could contribute to mitigating climate change, the authors explore the impact of a carbon tax relative to alternative energy taxes...

  8. Embassy of France in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    Embassy of France in South Africa PhD and Research Grants 2012 - 2013 The French Embassy bursary in South Africa - Supporting letter from supervisor in France To request application forms or any for South African researchers towards French institutions of higher education. The programme offers

  9. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  10. The Rothschild South Africa Foundation Scholarships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    The Rothschild South Africa Foundation Scholarships The Rothschild Group has been at the centre, Rebekah Naidoo, Mandisa Mabunda, Londiwe Mahlambi Rothschild (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd is an Authorised FSP should Be a South African citizen Be a third year Commerce student, intending to study an honours or PGD

  11. Africa Aerosol Optical Depth Obtained From MISR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    OpticalDepth Central African Republic Chad Djibouti Egypt Ethiopia Libya Kenya Somalia Sudan Uganda #12;Southern Africa Ethiopia Libya Kenya Somalia Sudan Uganda #12;Southern Africa 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 Mean Seasonal

  12. International Conference: Humanitarian Logistics: Networks for Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    International Conference: Humanitarian Logistics: Networks for Africa http Agnes Nyaguthie, Oxfam-GB, Pretoria, South Africa The Important Role of Humanitarian Logistics 10 in Humanitarian Logistics: A Southern African Perspective 12:20-12:40 PM Discussion #12;1:00-2:30 PM Lunch 2

  13. Evolution of biomass burning aerosol properties from an agricultural fire in southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Highwood, Ellie

    Evolution of biomass burning aerosol properties from an agricultural fire in southern Africa Steven Met Office C-130 within a distinct biomass burning plume during the Southern AFricAn Regional science, and P. R. Buseck, Evolution of biomass burning aerosol properties from an agricultural fire in southern

  14. Home Contact Us Help Site Map Index Search Combating Illegal Logging in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Home · Contact Us · Help · Site Map · Index · Search Combating Illegal Logging in Africa. Deforestation is almost exclusively concentrated in tropical regions. Illegal logging on public lands worldwide to a Ministerial Declaration and Actions targeted at combating illegal logging, associated illegal trade

  15. Jatropha Africa | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup | OpenHunanInformationJames Watkins Jump to:Japan EasternJata

  16. Multi-model ensemble simulations of tropospheric NO2 compared with GOME retrievals for the year 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    biomass burning. Over the indus- trial regions of the eastern United States, Europe andEurope, eastern China and South Africa) as well as the regions dominated by emissions from biomass

  17. Eastern margin variability of the South Pacific Convergence Zone Benjamin R. Lintner1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lintner, Benjamin Richard

    intensity associated with increased moisture near the mean eastern SPCZ margin and an eastward displacement a spurious ``double ITCZ'' [Zhang, 2001]. Such behavior may stem from deficiencies in ocean: Scientific programme overview, 2006, available at http://www.eol. ucar.edu/projects/vocals]. [3] Regionally

  18. The Seytan Deresi wreck and the Minoan connection in the Eastern Aegean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Margariti, Roxani Eleni

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the tradition of colonization and intensive maritime activity by Minors in the region. Tile pottery from keyman Deresi may have been made in a Minoan settlement of the Eastern Aegean islands or a site on the Anatolian coast where Minors lived and/or traded....

  19. United Nations Climate Change Conference Durban, South Africa 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viola, Ronald

    United Nations Climate Change Conference Durban, South Africa 2011 COP17/CMP7 #12; The Conferences presents a unique opportunity for South Africa to promote and publicly initiate the transition to a green, President of South Africa Maite Nkoana-Mashabane, Minister of Foreign Affairs of South Africa President

  20. The challenges of a water system management handover in eastern Ethiopia : from the United Nations Refugee Agency to a local community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Christophe (Christopher J.)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the height of a political crisis in the late 1980s, hundreds of thousands of Somali refugees crossed into eastern Ethiopia. A humanitarian crisis soon unfolded as water was in short supply in the arid region. In ...

  1. You are invited to the 8th Annual Africa Institute of South Africa's (AISA) Young Graduates and Scholars Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    You are invited to the 8th Annual Africa Institute of South Africa's (AISA) Young Graduates, Botswana, Belgium, Kenya, and South Africa. The participants are from multidisciplinary backgrounds. Key Institute of South Africa's (AISA) Young Graduates and Scholars Conference (AYGS) University of Johannesburg

  2. Inaugural IEEE PES 2005 Conference and Exposition in Africa Durban, South Africa, 11-15 July 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    Inaugural IEEE PES 2005 Conference and Exposition in Africa Durban, South Africa, 11-15 July 2005 in the U.S., Canada, South Africa, Brazil, Venezuela, Russia, Korea, India and Japan. Also briefly, South Africa, South Korea, and India, and two lines in the 1000-1200 kV range in Russia and Japan

  3. Africa's natural gas: potentialities and letdowns

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baladian, K.

    1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although Africa has experienced 10 times less hydrocarbon exploration than Western Europe, its proved gas reserves already amount to 220-223 trillion CF or 7% of world reserves, while Europe holds 6% or 167 TCF. Yet Africa marketed only 1.3 TCF in 1982 against Europe's 6.5 TCF. Because of the lack of domestic demand for gas, Africa flares up to 21% of its gas output. Algeria is the continent's primary gas consumer, with Egypt, Libya, and Nigeria trying to expand local gas markets. The vast majority of marketed African gas goes to Europe, either as gas sent through the Trans-Med pipeline or as LNG via tanker.

  4. RETHINKING THE EFFECTS OF THE FOREIGN MISSIONARIES' MISSION TO AFRICA, FOCUSING ON THE CHURCH OF THE BRETHREN MISSONARIES AMONG THE MARGI UDZIRNGU IN NORTHERN NIGERIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birdling, Emmanuel Awidau

    2009-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The Margi ethnic group occupies the geographical region of southern Borno and northern Adamawa states of the Republic of Nigeria. This study concentrates on the Margi Udzirngu subgroup who currently resides in North Eastern Nigeria. Margi Udzirngu...

  5. Effects of stimulation/completion practices on Eastern Devonian Shale well productivity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nearing, Timothy Ray

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the degree and density of natural fracturing in the shales . The counties and region designations are summarized in table 1. OH WV KY VA Figure 1 - Study Area of Devonian Gas Production. STATE TABLE 1 Description of Study Area COUNTY REGION...EFFECTS OF STIMULATION/COMPLETION PRACTICES ON EASTERN DEVONIAN SHALE WELL PRODUCTIVITY A Thesis by TIMOTHY RAY NEARING Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

  6. The Namibian Transport and Energy System: Dependency and Disengagement from South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mwase, Ngila

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dependent on South Africa for her energy supplies atand Energy System: Dependency and Disengagement from South AfricaSouth Africa provides about 12 percent of Namibian energy

  7. Present at the Creation: Founding Party Dominance in South Africa and Beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Mark Yaron

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Afrobarometer. 2002. South Africa, Round 2. Access online:data __________. 2004. South Africa, Round 2.5. Accessdata __________. 2006. South Africa, Round 3. Access online:

  8. Creating New Leaders: Youth Involvement in Community Activism in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Amber R

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    July 27, 2009, Cape Town, South Africa. 23 Sipho,participant, July 27, 2009, Cape Town, South Africa. 245, 2009, Qumbu, South Africa. 25 Paki, youth participant,

  9. Sequence stratigraphic development of the Neoarchean Transvaal carbonate platform, Kaapvaal Craton, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sumner, Dawn Y.; Beukes, Nicolas J

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Griqualand West Sequence, South Africa; implications forUniversity, Johannesburg, South Africa, 326pp. Duane, M.J. ;Transvaal Sequence, South Africa. Economic Geology, 86,

  10. An Overview of Accountability Mechanisms in Public - Private Partnerships in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fombad, Madeleine

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    accessed March 1, 2013). South Africa, Republic of. NationalGovernment Printer. South Africa, Republic of. Nationalattachments/03475_pubfinmanact1.pdf South Africa, Republic

  11. Alabama successes spur interest in eastern Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Redden, J.

    1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The shallow waters of the eastern fringe of the Gulf of Mexico are becoming a world-class offshore gas play. Spurred by the success ratio offshore Alabama, the water off Mississippi and Florida are drawing intense interest as oil companies attempt to extend the prolific Norphlet formation. Sitting at the heart of the recent interest in the eastern Gulf are the state and federal waters off Alabama. Exploration and drilling activity in the area are discussed.

  12. Financing Clean Energy Infrastructure in Africa | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Upon arrival to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, for the U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial, U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz is greeted on the tarmac by Ethiopian Minister of Water and...

  13. The genetic prehistory of southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickrell, Joseph K.

    Southern and eastern African populations that speak non-Bantu languages with click consonants are known to harbour some of the most ancient genetic lineages in humans, but their relationships are poorly understood. Here, ...

  14. Welcome to the Third World Network-Africa (TWN-Africa) Blog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welcome to the Third World Network- Africa (TWN-Africa) Blog September 24, 2008 15:25:42 PM Press By administrator Dr.Yao Graham (left) and development economist Dr.Nii Moi Thompson (right) @ launch of UNCTAD... administrator Male Category unctadxii (2) csoforum (1) cso forum (1) extractives (1) unctad xii radio discuss

  15. HealtH researcH in soutH africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    HealtH researcH in soutH africa the africa centre for Health and Population studies investigating the health problems that affect south africa, africa and the rest of the world UKZN (Durban) · · Agincourt Centre · Wellcome Trust-funded research in South Africa SOUTH AFRICA #12;Wellcome Trust | Health research

  16. Regional Patterns of Tropical Indo-Pacific Climate Change: Evidence of the Walker Circulation Weakening*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Shang-Ping

    in the tropical eastern Pacific and western Indian Ocean than in the tropical western Pacific and eastern IndianRegional Patterns of Tropical Indo-Pacific Climate Change: Evidence of the Walker Circulation Weakening* HIROKI TOKINAGA, SHANG-PING XIE, AND AXEL TIMMERMANN International Pacific Research Center, SOEST

  17. Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study: Initial Results (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloom, A.; Townsend, A.; Hummon, M.; Weekley, A.; Clark, K.; King, J.

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This poster presents an overview of the Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study, which aims to answer critical questions about the future of the Eastern Interconnection under high levels of solar and wind generation penetration.

  18. alabama eastern gulf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The angiosperm flora of eastern Asia (EAS) is roughly twice as rich as that of eastern North America (ENA), in spite of similar area and climate. Using provincestate-level...

  19. UNU-IAS Policy Report Biofuels in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNU-IAS Policy Report Biofuels in Africa Impacts on Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Human Well-being #12;#12;UNU-IAS Policy Report Biofuels in Africa Impacts on Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Human........................................................................................................... 9 1.2 Biofuel drivers, feedstocks and policies in Africa

  20. RESILIENCE IN HOME-BASED CAREGIVERS IN LIMPOPO, SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omiecinski, Curtis

    I 188 RESILIENCE IN HOME-BASED CAREGIVERS IN LIMPOPO, SOUTH AFRICA Theresa M. Mieh, McNair Scholar-based caregivers (HBCs) in Limpopo South Africa. The PEN-3 model is used to investigate cultural influences on care cultures. Data were gathered from participants' responses in 4 focus group interviews held in South Africa

  1. Ganoderma in South Africa Article prepared by Dr Martin Coetzee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganoderma in South Africa Article prepared by Dr Martin Coetzee Ganoderma is a genus of wood-wide. In South Africa, a number of Ganoderma species have been reported from various indigenous and introduced linked with this disease in South Africa are G. lucidum and G. applinatum. It is known, however

  2. An early date for cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An early date for cattle from Namaqualand, South Africa: implications for the origins of herding did cattle come to South Africa? Radiocarbon dates on a newly found cow horn indicates a time, the authors favour immigrants moving along a western route through Namibia. Keywords: South Africa

  3. Study in South Africa and Lesotho A Curriculum Development Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viola, Ronald

    Teachers Study in South Africa and Lesotho A Curriculum Development Project Integrating Visual Arts about the cultures and history of the Basotho people of southern Africa Participate in seminars-Hays award, graduate credit and/or CEUs Visit non-malarial and low risk areas in southern Africa and enjoy

  4. NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES AFRICA'S LAGGING DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES AFRICA'S LAGGING DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION: EVIDENCE FROM EXOGENOUS IMPACTS;Africa's Lagging Demographic Transition: Evidence from Exogenous Impacts of Malaria Ecology February 2007 JEL No. I1,J11 ABSTRACT Much of Africa has not yet gone through a "demographic transition

  5. CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY Editors Mulugeta Gebrehiwot Berhe and Liu Hongwu #12;CHINA-AFRICA RELATIONS GOVERNANCE, PEACE AND SECURITY Editors Mulugeta Gebrehiwot Berhe of China China's Evolving Policy towards Peace and Security in Africa: Constructing a new paradigm

  6. Information Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albrecht, David

    Information Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University

  7. Depositional sequence evolution, Paleozoic and early Mesozoic of the central Saharan platform, North Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sprague, A.R.G. (Exxon Production Research Co., Houston, TX (United States))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over 30 depositional sequences have been identified in the Paleozoic and lower Mesozoic of the Ghadames basin of eastern Algeria, southern Tunisia, and western Libya. Well logs and lithologic information from more than 500 wells were used to correlate the 30 sequences throughout the basin (total area more than 1 million km{sup 2}). Based on systematic change in the log response of strata in successively younger sequences, five groups of sequences with distinctive characteristics have been identified: Cambro-Ordivician, Upper Silurian-Middle Devonian, Upper Devonian, Carboniferous, and Middle Triassic-Middle Jurassic. Each sequence group is terminated by a major, tectonically enhanced sequence boundary that is immediately overlain (except for the Carboniferous) by a shale-prone interval deposited in response to basin-wide flooding. The four Paleozoic sequence groups were deposited on the Saharan platform, a north facing, clastic-dominated shelf that covered most of North Africa during the Paleozoic. The sequence boundary at the top of the Carboniferous sequence group is one of several Permian-Carboniferous angular unconformities in North Africa related to the Hercynian orogeny. The youngest sequence group (Middle Triassic to Middle Jurassic) is a clastic-evaporite package that onlaps southward onto the top of Paleozoic sequence boundary. The progressive changes from the Cambrian to the Jurassic, in the nature of the Ghadames basin sequences is a reflection of the interplay between basin morphology and tectonics, vegetation, eustasy, climate, and sediment supply.

  8. Tennessee Valley and Eastern Kentucky Wind Working Group

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katie Stokes

    2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In December 2009, the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy (SACE), through a partnership with the Appalachian Regional Commission, EKPC, Kentucky's Department for Energy Development and Independence, SACE, Tennessee's Department of Environment and Conservation, and TVA, and through a contract with the Department of Energy, established the Tennessee Valley and Eastern Kentucky Wind Working Group (TVEKWWG). TVEKWWG consists of a strong network of people and organizations. Working together, they provide information to various organizations and stakeholders regarding the responsible development of wind power in the state. Members include representatives from utility interests, state and federal agencies, economic development organizations, non-government organizations, local decision makers, educational institutions, and wind industry representatives. The working group is facilitated by the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy. TVEKWWG supports the Department of Energy by helping educate and inform key stakeholders about wind energy in the state of Tennessee.

  9. Eastern Overthrust Belt. Signs of a hoped-for awakening

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartlett, C.S. Jr.; Biggs, T.H.

    1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploration for oil and gas is on the upswing in the SW Virginia sector of the Eastern Overthrust Belt in the 200-mile long portion between Lee and Montgomery Counties. In the past several months one new oil field has been opened and the area's only gas field has been revived after lying idle for 23 yr. These signs of a hoped-for awakening have been accompanied by an intense leasing program by many oil companies. This review is confined to the geology of the strongly folded and faulted area of SW Virginia. In the Overthrust area, early studies indicated that oil would be found only in portions of Lee and Scott Counties, and that other areas would contain only natural gas because of the greater intensity of regional metamorphism. Drilling so far has confirmed these forecasts. This study will be divided in a similar manner.

  10. Economic Research Southern Africa (ERSA) is a research programme funded by the National Treasury of South Africa.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maranas, Costas

    of South Africa. The views expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those Europe, and the less likely it will be in Central and South Asia or Sub-Saharan Africa. Finally, weEconomic Research Southern Africa (ERSA) is a research programme funded by the National Treasury

  11. Energy, Industry, and Transport in South-Central Africa’s History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mavhunga, Clapperton Chakanets

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy must be seen in interaction with transportation and industry in order for its role in South-Central Africa to be fully understood. All three—energy, industry, and transportation—are themselves always socialized and ...

  12. Geothermal Energy and the Eastern US: Fifth technical information interchange meeting, Minutes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The technical interchange meeting documented here is the fifth meeting where people interested in geothermal energy in the Eastern US have met to interchange technical information. These meetings are intended to assist all in the difficult task of balancing time and effort in doing their assigned jobs and keeping track of what others are doing in similar or related tasks. All of the aforementioned meetings have served their intended purpose and further regional and national meetings are sure to follow.

  13. Melting of the Patagonian Ice Sheet and deglacial perturbations of the nitrogen cycle in the eastern South Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    onset was not caused by an increase in local primary productivity, nor by ventilation changes occurring to a collapse of the thermocline ventilation occurred at the mid-latitude subduction region of the eastern South in the intensity of the OMZ, related to the ventilation of the Subantarctic Mode Water (SAMW) that forms

  14. The Neoproterozoic Keraf Suture in NE Sudan: Sinistral Transpression along the Eastern Margin of West Gondwana1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    The Neoproterozoic Keraf Suture in NE Sudan: Sinistral Transpression along the Eastern Margin Sudan remains poorly under-2 University of Houston Department of Geosciences, Hous- stood because of its Geological Research Authority of the Sudan, Regional Ge- ology Administration, Box 410, Khartoum, Sudan

  15. MSU at Work in Africa: Cultural Documentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are strongly committed to documenting, preserving, and making accessible the continent's cultural heritage and historical record. Africa's historic and living cultures are rich and very diverse-- from immovable historic' identifying their cultural heritage. Safeguarding and making accessible the artifacts, oral histories

  16. Legal improvements brighten North Africa production outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    North Africa`s three main oil producing countries soon will reap benefits of past moves by their governments to encourage investment by international companies. Production of crude oil and natural gas in Algeria, Egypt, and Libya is ready to increase from suppressed levels of the recent past, says International Energy Agency, Paris. The gains are possible despite political risks, total reserves accounting for only 4% of the world`s crude reserves, and oil prices well below levels of the 1980s, when the countries` flow rates peaked. The reason: producing oil in North Africa is profitable. In a recent study entitled North Africa Oil and Gas, IEA attributes the bright production outlook to improvements that the countries` governments have made in the past decade to hydrocarbon laws and the fiscal terms they offer international investors. According to announced plans, the three countries` combined capacity to produce crude oil will rise 18% by the year 2000 to 3.65 million b/d, and a further gain of 700,000 b/d is possible. IEA expects production capacity for natural gas to increase 50% from its 1995 level by 2000 to a combined 139.4 billion cu m/year. This paper discusses production capacities, Algeria`s record, improvements in Egypt, and Libya`s changes.

  17. Information Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albrecht, David

    Technology Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008C General; Australia China India Italy Malaysia South Africa CRICOS provider: Monash University 00008CAustralia

  18. Oil plays in Smackover reservoirs of the eastern Gulf Coastal Plain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mancini, E.A.; Mink, R.M.; Tew, B.H.; Kopaskamerkel, D.C.; Mann, S.D. (Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (United States))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Five Smackover (Upper Jurassic, Oxfordian) oil plays can be delineated in the eastern Gulf Coastal Plain. These include the basement ridge play, the regional peripheral fault trend play, the Mississippi interior salt basin play, the Mobile graben fault system play, and the Wiggins arch complex play. Plays are recognized by basinal position, relationships to regional structural features, and characteristic petroleum traps. Within two plays, subplays can be distinguished based on oil gravities and reservoir characteristics. Reservoirs are distinguished primarily by depositional setting and diagenetic overprint. The geology and petroleum characteristics of these plays are discussed.

  19. Southern Rockies: eastern and northwestern Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dolson, J.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploratory drilling in eastern and northwestern Colorado closely paralleled that of 1979. Success factors, however, were higher, partially due to a greater number of marginal well completions following the increase in oil prices. Thirty-seven percent more exploratory wells were completed in 1980 than in 1979. Statewide exploratory success was 28.8% and the development well success rate was 78.3%, compared to 20.8% and 73.4%, respectively, in 1979. Cretaceous sandstones remained the primary target in northwestern and central Colorado. Shallow Niobrara gas provided the main play in eastern Colorado. Southeastern Colorado was the site of significant exploration and development drilling in Pennsylvanian Morrow trends. 1 figure, 3 tables.

  20. The Economic Impact of The Coca-Cola System on South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    The Economic Impact of The Coca-Cola System on South Africa Prepared by Division of Research March 2005 SOUTH AFRICA SOUTH AFRICA #12;The Economic Impact of The Coca-Cola System on South Africa-Cola system's economic impact on South Africa. Conducted during 2003-04, the study represents a wide

  1. APORDE -African Programme on Rethinking Development Economics 5 -19 May 2011, Johannesburg, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    Africa Supported by the Department of Trade and Industry of South Africa (the dti), the French Development Agency (AFD), and the French Embassy in South Africa, with the French Institute of South Africa Development Economics APORDE) will be held in Johannesburg (South Africa) from the 5th to the 19th of May 2011

  2. Latest Jurassic-early Cretaceous regressive facies, northeast Africa craton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van Houten, F.B.

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nonmarine to paralic detrital deposits accumulated in six large basins between Algeria and the Arabo-Nubian shield during major regression in latest Jurassic and Early Cretaceous time. The Ghadames Sirte (north-central Libya), and Northern (Egypt) basins lay along the cratonic margin of northeastern Africa. The Murzuk, Kufra, and Southern (Egypt) basins lay in the south within the craton. Data for reconstructing distribution, facies, and thickness of relevant sequences are adequate for the three northern basins only. High detrital influx near the end of Jurassic time and in mid-Cretaceous time produced regressive nubian facies composed largely of low-sinuosity stream and fahdelta deposits. In the west and southwest the Ghadames, Murzuk, and Kufra basins were filled with a few hundred meters of detritus after long-continued earlier Mesozoic aggradation. In northern Egypt the regressive sequence succeeded earlier Mesozoic marine sedimentation; in the Sirte and Southern basins correlative deposits accumulated on Precambrian and Variscan terranes after earlier Mesozoic uplift and erosion. Waning of detrital influx into southern Tunisia and adjacent Libya in the west and into Israel in the east initiated an Albian to early Cenomanian transgression of Tethys. By late Cenomanian time it had flooded the entire cratonic margin, and spread southward into the Murzuk and Southern basins, as well as onto the Arabo-Nubian shield. Latest Jurassic-earliest Cretaceous, mid-Cretaceous, and Late Cretaceous transgressions across northeastern Africa recorded in these sequences may reflect worldwide eustatic sea-level rises. In contrast, renewed large supply of detritus during each regression and a comparable subsidence history of intracratonic and marginal basins imply regional tectonic control. 6 figures.

  3. Northerly surface wind events over the eastern North Pacific Ocean : spatial distribution, seasonality, atmospheric circulation, and forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Stephen V.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    atmosphere over the eastern Pacific Ocean in summer, volumeover the eastern North Pacific Ocean: Spatial distribution,winds over the eastern North Pacific Ocean in spring and

  4. The Relationship Between Unemployment and Earnings Inequality in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tregenna, Fiona

    1 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNEMPLOMENT AND EARNINGS INEQUALITY IN SOUTH AFRICA FIONA TREGENNA Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge ABSTRACT Unemployment and earnings inequality have moved closely together in South Africa... in recent years, suggesting that there may not be a trade-off between them as the literature generally suggests. This article explores the relationship between unemployment and earnings inequality in South Africa, specifically investigating the extent...

  5. Energy consumption and economic development in West Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chima, C.M.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study evaluates the commercial energy sector of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Presently, an economic union exists between the 16 countries of West Africa that are members of ECOWAS. Although the ECOWAS region has plentiful resources of commercial energy, it faces problems in this sector for two reasons. First is the problem resulting from the diminishing traditional energy resources such as wood fuel and charcoal. Second, most ECOWAS members, except Nigeria, are net importers of commercial energy, and hence face a high import burden for oil. Liquid petroleum is the dominant form of commercial energy used in the ECOWAS despite the availability of other resources. This author basically argues that the best policy and strategy solution for dealing with energy problems is through a combination of regional cooperative effort, and a more-intensive country level. The intensity-of-use hypothesis is tested with case studies of Ghana, the Ivory Coast, and Nigeria. The results indicate that newly developing countries can deviate from the expectations of the hypothesis.

  6. africa case study: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Climate Change Mitigation Projects: Summary of Findings from Case Studies in Brazil, India, Mexico, and South Africa University of California eScholarship Repository Summary:...

  7. africa case studies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Climate Change Mitigation Projects: Summary of Findings from Case Studies in Brazil, India, Mexico, and South Africa University of California eScholarship Repository Summary:...

  8. africa methodology findings: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University of California eScholarship Repository Summary: for Development: Climate Change Policy for Africa. AfricanCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION SUMMARY PROJECTS: OF FINDINGS FROM...

  9. Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa sustainable. Furthermore, it proposes options that could enhance the sustainability of the power sector. The study adds value to the limited but growing literature on...

  10. apartheid south africa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and recognize claims for self-determination by Indigenous Foster, Laura A. 2011-01-01 424 Technology assessment of renewable energy sustainability in South Africa. Open Access...

  11. age south africa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and recognize claims for self-determination by Indigenous Foster, Laura A. 2011-01-01 413 Technology assessment of renewable energy sustainability in South Africa. Open Access...

  12. area south africa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and recognize claims for self-determination by Indigenous Foster, Laura A. 2011-01-01 452 Technology assessment of renewable energy sustainability in South Africa. Open Access...

  13. South Africa-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    "EC-LEDS" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSouthAfrica-EnhancingCapacityforLowEmissionDevelopmentStrategies(EC-LEDS)&oldid698590" Category:...

  14. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Modern Lighting Product Quality Assurance for Off-GridLighting Africa Product Quality Assurance Workshop AirlieLighting Initiative Quality Certification Institute United

  15. Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Africa to channel carbon offset payments from developed countries to stimulate more carbon sequestration in African farming systems. As the African nations develop their...

  16. africa estimating hiv: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    that measured adherence to ART and its predictors in the past decade. Findings. Against expectations, sub-Saharan Africa patients have similar or higher adherence levels compared...

  17. Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Africa - Technical Potential of Solar Energy to Address Energy Poverty and Avoid GHG Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Technical Potential of...

  18. africa health systems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Page Topic Index 1 MSU at Work in Africa: Improving Health Physics Websites Summary: the health care systems involved. MSU's Involvement and Accomplishment "Long-term presence on...

  19. africa electronic resource: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Water resource management in West Africa is often a complicated process due to inadequate resources, climatic Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: in the Volta...

  20. The production of consumption: addressing the impact of mineral mining on tuberculosis in southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basu, Sanjay; Stuckler, David; Gonsalves, Gregg; Lurie, Mark

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of South Africa: Department of Minerals and Energy; SouthSouth Africa, various departments, ranging from the Minerals and Energyof Minerals and Energy: Mining and minerals in South Africa:

  1. Breaking news: Biological control agent for Thaumastocoris peregrinus to be released in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    milestone in terms of ensuring sustainable plantation forestry in South Africa was safe to release in South Africa as a biological control agent. The release strategy for C. noackae in South Africa must still be finalized. But

  2. The Effect of Labor Migration and Remittances on Children's Education Among Blacks in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Yao; Treiman, Donald J.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1995-1998. ” Pp. 83-94 in Measuring Poverty in South Africa.Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. Carter, M.R. and J.and Class in Rural South Africa. ” World Development 27(1):

  3. TESTING VIRGINITY: HIV/AIDS, MODERNITY & ETHNICITY IN POST-APARTHEID SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leak, Tia-Nicole

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1964. Davenport, T.R.H. South Africa: a modern history. 4thIn The Oxford History of South Africa, edited by Monica L.Gilliomee. The shaping of South Africa 1652?1840. Cape Town:

  4. Population structure of the fungal pathogen Holocryphia eucalypti in Australia and South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Population structure of the fungal pathogen Holocryphia eucalypti in Australia and South Africa, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. B Institute, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. C School of Biological Sciences

  5. Author Addresses: J.A. van Biljon, School of Computing, University of South Africa, P O Box 392, UNISA, 0003, South Africa; vbiljja@unisa.ac.za

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, John

    Addresses: J.A. van Biljon, School of Computing, University of South Africa, P O Box 392, UNISA, 0003, South Africa; vbiljja@unisa.ac.za P Kotze, School of Computing, University of South Africa, P O Box 392, UNISA, 0003, South Africa; kotzep@unisa.ac.za K. V. Renaud, Department of Computing Science, The University

  6. A Population Study of the Gray Squirrel in Eastern Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodrum, Phil D.

    1940-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ................................................ Acknowledgments 32 Summary and Conclusions ......................................... 32 .................................................. Literature Cited 34 POPULA'I'ION STUDY OF THE GRAY SQUIRREL, SCIURUS CAROLINENSIS CAROLINEN- SIS, IN EASTERN TEXAS PHIL...

  7. Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study: Executive Summary...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Study: Executive Summary and Project Overview Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study: Executive Summary and Project Overview This study evaluates the future operational...

  8. Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study -- Preliminary Findings: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corbus, D.; Milligan, M.; Ela, E.; Schuerger, M.; Zavadil, B.

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study, the development of wind datasets, the transmission analysis, and the results of wind integration analysis for four scenarios.

  9. Geothermal Exploration in Eastern California Using Aster Thermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    library Report: Geothermal Exploration in Eastern California Using Aster Thermal Infrared Data Abstract Remote sensing is a cost-effective tool that can be used to cover large...

  10. Eastern Energy Zones Mapping Tool Now Available | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Addthis The Eastern Interconnection States' Planning Council (EISPC) has released the Energy Zones (EZ) Mapping Tool, a free, web-based interactive tool that will help states...

  11. Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study (EWITS) (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EWITS was designed to answer questions about technical issues related to a 20% wind energy scenario for electric demand in the Eastern Interconnection.

  12. South Africa-Integrating Sub-national Actors into National Mitigation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country South Africa Southern Africa References Deutsche Gesellschaft fr Internationale...

  13. Sequence stratigraphic development of the Neoarchean Transvaal carbonate platform, Kaapvaal Craton, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sumner, Dawn Y.; Beukes, Nicolas J

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Group, Griqualand West Sequence, South Africa; implicationsgold deposits, Transvaal Sequence, South Africa. Economic476. Elrick, M. (1996). Sequence stratigraphy and platform

  14. Environmental Regulation Impacts on Eastern Interconnection Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markham, Penn N [ORNL; Liu, Yilu [ORNL; Young II, Marcus Aaron [ORNL

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the United States, recent environmental regulations will likely result in the removal of nearly 30 GW of oil and coal-fired generation from the power grid, mostly in the Eastern Interconnection (EI). The effects of this transition on voltage stability and transmission line flows have previously not been studied from a system-wide perspective. This report discusses the results of power flow studies designed to simulate the evolution of the EI over the next few years as traditional generation sources are replaced with environmentally friendlier ones such as natural gas and wind.

  15. Eastern Maine Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrictInformation Ireland)EastEastern Iowa

  16. Eastern Illinois Elec Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazel Crest, Illinois: Energy ResourcesRutherford,Eastern Illinois Elec Coop

  17. BLM Eastern States Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon, France: Energy ResourcesBurley Field Office JumpEastern

  18. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  19. The legacy of Pleistocene glaciation and the organization of lowland alluvial process domains in the Puget Sound region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    in the Puget Sound region Brian D. Collins , David R. Montgomery Quaternary Research Center and Department Disequilibrium Process domains River valley morphology Concavity index Alluvial rivers of the eastern Puget

  20. Ecology of Wahlberg's velvet gecko, Homopholis wahlbergii, in southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keogh, Scott

    of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, WITS, 2050 South Africa. 2 School of Botany and Zoology, The Australian NationalEcology of Wahlberg's velvet gecko, Homopholis wahlbergii, in southern Africa § Martin J. Whiting1%) of the lizards examined contained prey items, suggesting that most individuals were not in positive energy

  1. Interannual variability of photosynthesis across Africa and its attribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    Interannual variability of photosynthesis across Africa and its attribution Christopher A. Williams of photosynthesis across the African continent during the period 1982­2003. Acute soil water stress emerges as the primary factor driving interannual variability of photosynthesis for most of Africa. Southern savannas

  2. CANADA-SOUTHERN AFRICA MIGRATION SURVEY INFORMATION What is SAMP?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    1 CANADA-SOUTHERN AFRICA MIGRATION SURVEY INFORMATION What is SAMP? SAMP is the Southern African people in Canada and in Africa? SAMP recently launched a new migration project, The Diaspora Project come to Canada and do they ever think of going back? What kind of education individuals have obtained

  3. FAO Forestry Department Wood Energy WISDOM East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FAO ­ Forestry Department ­ Wood Energy WISDOM ­ East Africa Woodfuel Integrated Supply and Tropical Southern Africa woodfuels, mainly fuelwood, contribute from 75 to 86 percent of total primary African countries Rudi Drigo Consultant - Wood energy planning and forest resources monitoring August 2005

  4. ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Neoproterozoic diamictite in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and Northern Saudi Arabia in Wadi Kareim and Wadi Mobarak in the Eastern Desert of Egypt and the Nuwaybah formation in NW Saudi and extends from Egypt, Israel, and Jordan to Ethiopia and Yemen. The ANS (Fig. 1a) developed during

  5. “My Work is My Future”: A Case Study of an NGO’s Educational Programs for Women Entrepreneurs in West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zarestky, Jill

    2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    in North America, Australia, and New Zealand (Merriam, Caffarella, & Baumgartner, 2007). The term non- Western refers to the othering of societies, cultures, and geographic regions that do not fit into the Western paradigm, for example Africa, Asia... ........................................... 22   Table 4 Key Features of Studies of Western NGO Educational Programs in Non- Western Contexts .............................................................................................. 31   Table 5 Key Features of Studies of National...

  6. Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal logging > Printer-friendly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal logging > Printer-friendly Cameroon axes illegal logging 14/05/2010 Cameroon axes illegal logging Illegal and trade of illegal logging. The latest country to sign up to the programme is Cameroon, which completed

  7. Basement rift control on oil production in eastern Kansas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustavson, J.B.

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Improved understanding of the central North American rift system (CNARS) offers a new interpretation of the basement structure in certain parts of the Mid-Continent. In eastern Kansas, basement structure can be shown to control oil production from some producing fields. Structural control includes rotated blocks along faults created by horst and graben tectonics typically associated with rift zones. A distinctive gravity signature, the Mid-Continent geophysical anomaly (MGA) is related directly to the CNARS and provides good data for interpretation of the basement structure. Some oil fields can be correlated directly with gravity-interpreted basement structure. Aeromagnetic and Landsat information, combined with the gravity data, further define exploration targets along the general trend of basement features. Migration of thermally matured hydrocarbons into pre-Pennsylvanian, rift generated traps in the ancestral north Kansas basin is postulated. The Nemaha ridge subsequently divided that basin into two smaller basins, the present Salina and Forest City basins. Several exploration targets could exist in this area, with the Arbuckle, Simpson, and Viola units being primary targets. The source of hydrocarbons also may lie in the deep but distant Anadorko basin. An additional totally untested hydrocarbons potential exists in the deep Precambrian/Cambrian sedimentary subbasins created along the flanks of the CNARS. Recent data points to sedimentary columns with depths of approximately 15,000 ft (4500 m) which might be hosts to gas reserves similar to the Rome trough potential of the Appalachian region.

  8. Petroleum developments in North Africa in 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the 6 countries covered by this report, the extent of valid petroleum rights, seismic work, and drilling was nearly the same as in 1978. The success rate of wildcat drilling decreased slightly, to 28% (33% in 1978), with 26 oil or gas discoveries. In southwestern Tunisia, the Amoco Sabrina Nord 1 tested 930 bbl of 39/sup 0/ APl oil from Cambrian-Ordovician sandstones - the first oil to come from lower Paleozoic rocks in Tunisia. First commercial oil from Cambrian-Ordovician rocks in western Libya was discovered by Agip A1-NC40 which flowed 1,400 b/d. Highlight of the year in North Africa was in the interior basin of Sudan where the Chevron Abu Gabra 1 tested 900 BOPD of 40/sup 0/ APl oil from Cretaceous rocks; 2 other wells, spudded in late 1979 in the same area, have tested 3,200 and 7,300 b/d, respectively, in early 1980. Discovery well of the interior basin was Chevron Unity 1 which tested small amounts of oil in 1978. Oil production in North Africa in 1979 averaged 3,939,500 b/d compared with 3,802,800 b/d in 1978, an increase of 3.6%.

  9. Weathering the cold of `94. A review of the January 1994 energy supply disruptions in the Eastern United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines the causes of and responses to the very low temperatures over a wide region of the Eastern US causing unprecedented sustained demand for energy during the week of January 16--22, 1994. The topics of the report include the vagaries of the weather, the North American power supply structure, a chronology of major events of January, natural gas industry operations during peak demand periods, and recommendations for fuel supply, load forecasting, and energy emergency response exercises.

  10. China's Presence in Rwanda and Africa, through the Lens of the Product Life Cycle Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sofiani, Lily

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    South Africa where infrastructure and communication are more attractive to investors. Obstacles such as energy

  11. VoIP Deregulation In South Africa: Implications for Underserviced Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    VoIP Deregulation In South Africa: Implications for Underserviced Areas Marshini Chetty a marshiniDept of Computer Science, University of Cape Town, South Africa cPolicy Associate, Bridges.org, South Africa Protocol (VoIP) in South Africa. Previously, VoIP could only be utilised by the incumbent

  12. South Africa European Union Summit SIDE EVENT ON WATER RESEARCH FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 South Africa ­ European Union Summit SIDE EVENT ON WATER RESEARCH FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, Department of Biodiversity, University of Limpopo, South Africa Dr. Dominique ROLLIN, CEMAGREF, French Joint, South Africa Dr Mbhuti HLOPHE, Department of Chemistry, North West University, South Africa Prof K

  13. Incomes in South Africa since the fall of Apartheid Murray Leibbrandt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Incomes in South Africa since the fall of Apartheid by Murray Leibbrandt University of Cape Town in South Africa between 1995 and 2000. We document substantial declines--on the order of 40%--in real Africa #12;Incomes in South Africa since the fall of Apartheid Murray Leibbrandt University of Cape Town

  14. Global Threat Reduction Initiative Africa and Middle East Project Plan 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jamison, Jeremy D.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GTRI Africa and Middle East Project Plan submitted for school project to American Graduate University.

  15. Eastern Band of Cherokee Strategic Energy Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Souther Carolina Institute of energy Studies-Robert Leitner

    2009-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians was awarded a grant under the U.S. Department of Energy Tribal Energy Program (TEP) to develop a Tribal Strategic Energy Plan (SEP). The grant, awarded under the “First Steps” phase of the TEP, supported the development of a SEP that integrates with the Tribe’s plans for economic development, preservation of natural resources and the environment, and perpetuation of Tribal heritage and culture. The Tribe formed an Energy Committee consisting of members from various departments within the Tribal government. This committee, together with its consultant, the South Carolina Institute for Energy Studies, performed the following activities: • Develop the Tribe’s energy goals and objectives • Establish the Tribe’s current energy usage • Identify available renewable energy and energy efficiency options • Assess the available options versus the goals and objectives • Create an action plan for the selected options

  16. Geologic Controls of Hydrocarbon Occurrence in the Appalachian Basin in Eastern Tennessee, Southwestern Virginia, Eastern Kentucky, and Southern West Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hatcher, Robert D

    2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the accomplishments of a three-year program to investigate the geologic controls of hydrocarbon occurrence in the southern Appalachian basin in eastern Tennessee, southwestern Virginia, eastern Kentucky, and southern West Virginia. The project: (1) employed the petroleum system approach to understand the geologic controls of hydrocarbons; (2) attempted to characterize the P-T parameters driving petroleum evolution; (3) attempted to obtain more quantitative definitions of reservoir architecture and identify new traps; (4) is worked with USGS and industry partners to develop new play concepts and geophysical log standards for subsurface correlation; and (5) geochemically characterized the hydrocarbons (cooperatively with USGS). Third-year results include: All project milestones have been met and addressed. We also have disseminated this research and related information through presentations at professional meetings, convening a major workshop in August 2003, and the publication of results. Our work in geophysical log correlation in the Middle Ordovician units is bearing fruit in recognition that the criteria developed locally in Tennessee and southern Kentucky are more extendible than anticipated earlier. We have identified a major 60 mi-long structure in the western part of the Valley and Ridge thrust belt that has been successfully tested by a local independent and is now producing commercial amounts of hydrocarbons. If this structure is productive along strike, it will be one of the largest producing structures in the Appalachians. We are completing a more quantitative structural reconstruction of the Valley and Ridge and Cumberland Plateau than has been made before. This should yield major dividends in future exploration in the southern Appalachian basin. Our work in mapping, retrodeformation, and modeling of the Sevier basin is a major component of the understanding of the Ordovician petroleum system in this region. Prior to our undertaking this project, this system was the least understood in the Appalachian basin. This project, in contrast to many if not most programs undertaken in DOE laboratories, has a major educational component wherein three Ph.D. students have been partially supported by this grant, one M.S. student partially supported, and another M.S. student fully supported by the project. These students will be well prepared for professional careers in the oil and gas industry.

  17. Rutgers Regional Report # Regional Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garfunkel, Eric

    , population, income, and building permits over a 32-year period from 1969 to 2001 for the 31-county Tri counties of the Tri-State (Connecticut, New Jersey, and New York) Region have been divided for analytical the nation and the Tri-State Region. What has not been fully documented, however, is the apparent shift

  18. Reading the Lontars: Endangered Literary Practices of Lombok, Eastern Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin, Peter

    2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sasaks of Lombok island, eastern Indonesia, have a literary tradition of writing manuscripts on palm leaves (lontar) in a manner similar to that of the Balinese (Rubinstein 2000), and historically, the Javanese. Lombok today remains only one...

  19. Paper # XXX Topic: Reaction Kinetics Eastern State Fall Technical Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knyazev, Vadim D.

    Paper # XXX Topic: Reaction Kinetics 1 Eastern State Fall Technical Meeting Chemical & Physical ­ 1017 s-1 #12;Paper # XXX Topic: Reaction Kinetics 2 and activation energy values close to the C-C bond

  20. Advanced Unit Commitment Strategies in the United States Eastern Interconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meibom, P.; Larsen, H. V.; Barth, R.; Brand, H.; Tuohy, A.; Ela, E.

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project sought to evaluate the impacts of high wind penetrations on the U.S. Eastern Interconnection and analyze how different unit commitment strategies may affect these impacts.

  1. A reservoir management strategy for multilayered reservoirs in eastern Venezuela

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinel Diaz, Arnaldo Leopoldo

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A reservoir management strategy has been developed for a field located in eastern Venezuela. The field contains deep, high pressure, multilayer reservoirs. A thorough formation evaluation was accomplished using the log data, core data, PVT data...

  2. Seismic retrofit of precast panel buildings in Eastern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzonev, Tzonu

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many countries in Eastern Europe, particularly ones from the former Soviet Bloc, are facing a potential crisis regarding their deteriorating precast panel apartment buildings. These complexes were built using industrial ...

  3. A strategy for low income housing in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niazmand, Seyed Safadin

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is the intent of this thesis to investigate an alternative strategy for design and implementation of low cost housing in South Africa. For this purpose a site is chosen and a design strategy is formulated. The core ...

  4. Entrepreneurship in South Africa : improving access to finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amanda, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For a rapidly developing country, South Africa has relatively very low levels of entrepreneurship. This thesis will investigate the reasons for the anemic number of new ventures and, most specifically, tries to address one ...

  5. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TARGET APPLIANCE Solar Water Heater (low and high pressure)content/solar-water-heaters-save- electricity-south-africaOffer Program SWH – Solar Water Heater F IGURES F IGURE 1. E

  6. Power Africa's Beyond the Grid Increasing Access through Small...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    in November 2013, of 600K in grant funding for renewable energy business models in Kenya and Nigeria. Formally launched by President Obama in June 2013, Power Africa is the...

  7. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of technological options for off-grid light provision thatQuality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa Conferencemarkets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies

  8. Sustainable Fishing in West Africa: Combating Piracy and Poverty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McPhee-Shaw, Erika

    presents Sustainable Fishing in West Africa: Combating Piracy and Poverty an Evening with Mariah to help combat the poverty, piracy, and corruption. About the Speaker: Mariah Boyle is an alumna of MLML

  9. Before House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Affairs 11-14-14JonathanElkind FT HFA.pdf More Documents & Publications Bioenergy for Sustainable Development Deliverables from U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial 2014 Draft Agenda...

  10. People and Forests: a case study from Benin, West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraus, Erika Beth

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this work is to demonstrate how sacred forests in Benin, West Africa, contribute to forest conservation. Local use of natural resources is well-practiced in maintaining wooded space; the same use of those ...

  11. New Challenges to Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indzembi, Franck Corentin

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The countries of Sub-Saharan Africa remain among the globe's least developed and most food insecure nations. Policymakers argue that the answers to increased agricultural productivity and financial growth lie in the adoption ...

  12. Submarine geomorphology of Eastern Ross Sea and Sulzberger Bay, Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepley, Larry Kent

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SUBMARINE GEOMORPHOLOGY OF EASTERN ROSS SEA AND SULZBERGER BAY, ANTARCTICA A Thocis By Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A 6 H Universicy in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE lanum...- ': Bsfhpeotrg l. Outer Snelf ?. ? Q ? ~elf =Bepr eeoione 3. inner Shelf 4~ B id gee S ed haunts l. Antaratic Uorine Sedhaento B seclhnents of Eastern Rom ssa - suleborgsr Boy Dissuasion Outer Shelf a. Ihwtstio, Xsostatio, snd Qlaoia1 Sister@ b. ?h igin...

  13. Developing Generic Dynamic Models for the 2030 Eastern Interconnection Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kou, Gefei [ORNL; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL; Markham, Penn N [ORNL; Liu, Yilu [ORNL

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative (EIPC) has built three major power flow cases for the 2030 Eastern Interconnection (EI) based on various levels of energy/environmental policy conditions, technology advances, and load growth. Using the power flow cases, this report documents the process of developing the generic 2030 dynamic models using typical dynamic parameters. The constructed model was validated indirectly using the synchronized phasor measurements by removing the wind generation temporarily.

  14. Regional Slip Tendency Analysis of the Great Basin Region

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    - The resulting along?fault and fault?to?fault variation in slip or dilation potential is a proxy for along fault and fault?to?fault variation in fluid flow conduit potential. Stress Magnitudes and directions were calculated across the entire Great Basin. Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson?Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005). The minimum horizontal stress direction (Shmin) was contoured, and spatial bins with common Shmin directions were calculated. Based on this technique, we subdivided the Great Basin into nine regions (Shmin <070, 070140). Slip and dilation tendency were calculated using 3DStress for the faults within each region using the mean Shmin for the region. Shmin variation throughout Great Basin are shown on Figure 3. For faults within the Great Basin proper, we applied a normal faulting stress regime, where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax), which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin). Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin, we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46. These values are consistent with stress magnitude data at both Dixie Valley (Hickman et al., 2000) and Yucca Mountain (Stock et al., 1985). For faults within the Walker Lane/Eastern California Shear Zone, we applied a strike?slip faulting stress, where shmax > sv > shmin. Upon visual inspection of limited stress magnitude data from the Walker Lane and Eastern California Shear zone, we chose values such that SHmin/SHmax = .46 and Shmin/Sv= .527 representative of the region. Results: The results of our slip and dilation tendency analysis are shown in Figures 4 (dilation tendency), 5 (slip tendency) and 6 (slip tendency + dilation tendency). Shmin varies from northwest to east?west trending throughout much of the Great Basin. As such, north? to northeast?striking faults have the highest tendency to slip and to dilate, depending on the local trend of shmin. These results provide a first order filter on faults and fault systems in the Great Basin, affording focusing of local?scale exploration efforts for blind or hidden geothermal resources.

  15. Prince Edward Is (South Africa) -Boonzaier et al. 95 a brieF history oF Fishing in the Prince edward islands, south aFrica,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauly, Daniel

    Prince Edward Is (South Africa) - Boonzaier et al. 95 a brieF history oF Fishing in the Prince edward islands, south aFrica, 1950­20101 Lisa Boonzaier, Sarah Harper, Dirk Zeller, and Daniel Pauly Sea.pauly@fisheries.ubc.ca abstract To reconstruct the catch history in the waters of the Prince Edward Islands (South Africa) from

  16. Rothschild South Africa Foundation Scholarship 2015 To be considered for the Rothschild South Africa Foundation Scholarship for 2015, please fill in your details

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    Rothschild South Africa Foundation Scholarship ­ 2015 To be considered for the Rothschild South as confidential and will only be shared with the Rothschild South Africa Foundation 1. Please tell us about Africa Foundation Scholarship for 2015, please fill in your details and provide brief answers to the five

  17. Republic of South Africa Constitution Act 110 of 1983 To introduce a new constitution for the Republic of South Africa and to provide for matters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Republic of South Africa Constitution Act 110 of 1983 ACT To introduce a new constitution for the Republic of South Africa and to provide for matters incidental thereto. (English text signed by the State; and ARE DESIROUS OF GIVING THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA A CONSTITUTION which provides for elected and responsible

  18. Mississippian facies relationships, eastern Anadarko basin, Oklahoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peace, H.W. (Oryx Energy, Inc., Midland, TX (United States)); Forgotson, J.M. (Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman (United States))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mississippian strata in the eastern Anadarko basin record a gradual deepening of the basin. Late and post-Mississippian tectonism (Wichita and Arbuckle orogenies) fragmented the single large basin into the series of paired basins and uplifts recognized in the southern half of Oklahoma today. Lower Mississippian isopach and facies trends (Sycamore and Caney Formations) indicate that basinal strike in the study area (southeastern Anadarko basin) was predominantly east-west. Depositional environment interpretations made for Lower Mississippian strata suggest that the basin was partially sediment starved and exhibited a low shelf-to-basin gradient. Upper Mississippian isopach and facies trends suggest that basinal strike within the study area shifted from dominantly east-west to dominantly northwest-southeast due to Late Mississippian and Early Pennsylvanian uplift along the Nemaha ridge. Within the study area, the Chester Formation, composed of gray to dove-gray shales with interbedded limestones deposited on a carbonate shelf, thins depositionally into the basin and is thinnest at its facies boundary with the Springer Group and the upper portion of the Caney Formation. As basin subsidence rates accelerated, the southern edge of the Chester carbonate shelf was progressively drowned, causing a backstepping of the Chester Formation calcareous shale and carbonate facies. Springer Group sands and black shales transgressed northward over the drowned Chester Formation shelf.

  19. High-sulfur coals in the eastern Kentucky coal field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hower, J.C.; Graham, U.M. (Univ. of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research, Lexington, KY (United States)); Eble, C.F. (Kentucky Geological Survey, Lexington, KY (United States))

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Eastern Kentucky coal field is notable for relatively low-sulfur, [open quotes]compliance[close quotes] coals. Virtually all of the major coals in this area do have regions in which higher sulfur lithotypes are common, if not dominant, within the lithologic profile. Three Middle Pennsylvanian coals, each representing a major resource, exemplify this. The Clintwood coal bed is the stratigraphically lowest coal bed mined throughout the coal field. In Whitley County, the sulfur content increase from 0.6% at the base to nearly 12% in the top lithotype. Pyrite in the high-sulfur lithotype is a complex mixture of sub- to few-micron syngenetic forms and massive epigenetic growths. The stratigraphically higher Pond Creek coal bed is extensively mined in portions of the coal field. Although generally low in sulfur, in northern Pike and southern Martin counties the top one-third can have up to 6% sulfur. Uniformly low-sulfur profiles can occur within a few hundred meters of high-sulfur coal. Pyrite occurs as 10-50 [mu]m euhedra and coarser massive forms. In this case, sulfur distribution may have been controlled by sandstone channels in the overlying sediments. High-sulfur zones in the lower bench of the Fire Clay coal bed, the stratigraphically highest coal bed considered here, are more problematical. The lower bench, which is of highly variable thickness and quality, generally is overlain by a kaolinitic flint clay, the consequence of a volcanic ash fall into the peat swamp. In southern Perry and Letcher counties, a black, illite-chlorite clay directly overlies the lower bench. General lack of lateral continuity of lithotypes in the lower bench suggests that the precursor swamp consisted of discontinuous peat-forming environments that were spatially variable and regularly inundated by sediments. Some of the peat-forming areas may have been marshlike in character.

  20. Geology of eastern Smith Lake ore trend, Grants mineral belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ristorcelli, S.J.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sandstones in the Brushy Basin Member of the Morrison Formation (Jurassic) are the ore-bearing horizons of the eastern Smith Lake area. The Brushy Basin Member in this district consists of three sandstones with interbedded mudstones. Only the lower two sandstones contain ore. The sandstones are fine to coarse grained, well rounded, and arkosic, representing continental stream sediments. The lower sandstone contains rollfront ore. The redox interface is laterally extensive and well defined, extending at least 7 mi (11 km) west of the Bluewater fault zone. The ore generally occurs at the redox boundary but occasionally will be up to 1500 ft (450 m) updip. Limonitic alteration, where present, is downdip from the hematitic zone and is 100-1,500 ft (30 to 450 m) wide. The middle sandstone contains both trend ore and roll-front ore. The trend ore occurs downdip from the redox front in unoxidized ground. The redox front in the middle sand is also laterally extensive but displays a wedge shape, rather than a C shape. The clay assemblages of the two types of ore are different: the trend ore occurs in sands with the pore spaces filled with kaolinite; the roll-front ore is associated with altered illite-montmorillonite as grain coatings. Hematitic alteration is asociated with the latter. A second stage of kaolinite coats the illite-montmorillonite. Two periods of mineralization are suggested, but no absolute dates are known. The trend ore is the oldest (Jurassic) and is similar to the ore found in unoxidized ground elsewhere in the Grants region. The rollfront ore could be Laramide or post-Laramide because of its association with local Laramide structures.

  1. Study of Reservoir Heterogencities and Structural Features Affecting Production in the Shallow Oil Zone, Eastern Elk Hills Area, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janice Gillespie

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Late Neogene (Plio-Pleistocene) shallow marine strata of the western Bakersfield Arch and Elk Hills produce hydrocarbons from several different reservoirs. This project focuses on the shallow marine deposits of the Gusher and Calitroleum reservoirs in the Lower Shallow Oil Zone (LSOZ). In the eastern part of the study area on the Bakersfield Arch at North and South Coles Levee field and in two wells in easternmost Elk Hills, the LSOZ reservoirs produce dry (predominantly methane) gas. In structurally higher locations in western Elk Hills, the LSOZ produces oil and associated gas. Gas analyses show that gas from the eastern LSOZ is bacterial and formed in place in the reservoirs, whereas gas associated with oil in the western part of the study area is thermogenic and migrated into the sands from deeper in the basin. Regional mapping shows that the gas-bearing LSOZ sands in the Coles Levee and easternmost Elk Hills area are sourced from the Sierra Nevada to the east whereas the oil-bearing sands in western Elk Hills appear to be sourced from the west. The eastern Elk Hills area occupied the basin depocenter, farthest from either source area. As a result, it collected mainly low-permeability offshore shale deposits. This sand-poor depocenter provides an effective barrier to the updip migration of gases from east to west. The role of small, listric normal faults as migration barriers is more ambiguous. Because our gas analyses show that the gas in the eastern LSOZ reservoirs is bacterial, it likely formed in-place near the reservoirs and did not have to migrate far. Therefore, the gas could have been generated after faulting and accumulated within the fault blocks as localized pools. However, bacterial gas is present in both the eastern AND western parts of Elk Hills in the Dry Gas Zone (DGZ) near the top of the stratigraphic section even though the measured fault displacement is greatest in this zone. Bacterial gas is not present in the west in the deeper LSOZ which has less measured fault displacement. The main difference between the DGZ and the LSOZ appears to be the presence of a sandpoor area in the LSOZ in eastern Elk Hills. The lack of permeable migration pathways in this area would not allow eastern bacterial gas to migrate farther updip into western Elk Hills. A similar sand-poor area does not appear to exist in the DGZ but future research may be necessary to verify this.

  2. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  3. Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Risk-taking among Men Who Have Sex with Men in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephenson, Robert; de Voux, Alex; Sullivan, Patrick S

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HIV infection in South Africa--survival differences. QJM.disease and injury in South Africa. Popul Health Metr. 8(1):Have Sex with Men in South Africa Rob Stephenson, PhD* Alex

  4. Paleomagnetism of a lateritic paleoweathering horizon and overlying Paleoproterozoic red beds from South Africa: Implications for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Africa: Implications for the Kaapvaal apparent polar wander path and a confirmation of atmospheric: paleomagnetism, Paleoproterozoic, South Africa, apparent polar wander paths, paleoatmosphere, lateritic paleosols Paleoproterozoic red beds from South Africa: Implicat

  5. Malaria prevalence and mosquito net coverage in Oromia and SNNPR regions of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shargie, Estifanos B; Gebre, Teshome; Ngondi, Jeremiah; Graves, Patricia M; Mosher, Aryc W; Emerson, Paul M; Ejigsemahu, Yeshewamebrat; Endeshaw, Tekola; Olana, Dereje; WeldeMeskel, Asrat; Teferra, Admas; Tadesse, Zerihun; Tilahun, Abate; Yohannes, Gedeon; Richards, Frank O Jr

    2008-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    the original work is properly cited.Page 1 of 12 (page number not for citation purposes) SNNPR, 5.4% (95% CI 3.4–8.5), p < 0.001. This difference between the two regions was also reflected in the routine surveillance data. BMC Public Health 2008, 8:321 http... having no positive cases. The malaria parasite prevalence differed markedly between Oromia, 0.9% (95% CI 0.5–1.6) and SNNPR, 5.4% (95% CI 3.4–8.5) regions (p < 0.001). The preva- lence was highest in the Eastern and North-eastern zones of SNNPR (Fig 1...

  6. Multi-project baselines for potential clean development mechanism projects in the electricity sector in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winkler, H.; Spalding-Fecher, R.; Sathaye, J.; Price, L.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    projects in the electricity sector in South Africa. JournalMechanism projects in the electricity sector in South AfricaCDM projects in the electricity sector References UNFCCC,

  7. Sustainable waste management in Africa through CDM projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Couth, R. [CRECHE, Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa); Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za [CRECHE, Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa)

    2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This is a compendium on GHG reductions via improved waste strategies in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note provides a strategic framework for Local Authorities in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Assists LAs to select Zero Waste scenarios and achieve sustained GHG reduction. - Abstract: Only few Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects (traditionally focussed on landfill gas combustion) have been registered in Africa if compared to similar developing countries. The waste hierarchy adopted by many African countries clearly shows that waste recycling and composting projects are generally the most sustainable. This paper undertakes a sustainability assessment for practical waste treatment and disposal scenarios for Africa and makes recommendations for consideration. The appraisal in this paper demonstrates that mechanical biological treatment of waste becomes more financially attractive if established through the CDM process. Waste will continue to be dumped in Africa with increasing greenhouse gas emissions produced, unless industrialised countries (Annex 1) fund carbon emission reduction schemes through a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol. Such a replacement should calculate all of the direct and indirect carbon emission savings and seek to promote public-private partnerships through a concerted support of the informal sector.

  8. Three Essays on Economic Development in Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Musumba, Mark

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    To achieve economic development, regional authorities have to address issues that relate to climate change, efficient information flow in the market place, and health care. This dissertation presents three essays on current issues of concern...

  9. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  10. The importance of context in delivering effective EIA: Case studies from East Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marara, Madeleine; Okello, Nick; Kuhanwa, Zainab; Douven, Wim; Beevers, Lindsay, E-mail: l.beevers@hw.ac.uk; Leentvaar, Jan

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews and compares the condition of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) system in three countries in the East Africa region: Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania. The criteria used for the evaluation and the comparison of each system are based on the elements of the legal, administrative and procedural frameworks, as well as the context in which they operate. These criteria are adapted from the evaluation and quality control criteria derived from a number of literature sources. The study reveals that the EIA systems of Kenya and Tanzania are at a similar stage in their development. The two countries, the first to introduce the EIA concept into their jurisdiction in this part of Africa, therefore have more experience than Rwanda in the practice of environmental impact assessment, where the legislation and process requires more time to mature both from the governmental and societal perspective. The analysis of the administrative and procedural frameworks highlights the weakness in the autonomy of the competent authority, in all three countries. Finally a major finding of this study is that the contextual set up i.e. the socio-economic and political situation plays an important role in the performance of an EIA system. The context in developing countries is very different from developed countries where the EIA concept originates. Interpreting EIA conditions in countries like Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania requires that the analysis for determining the effectiveness of their systems should be undertaken within a relevant framework, taking into account the specific requirements of those countries.

  11. Four rigs refurbished for West Africa drilling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In April and May 1990, Shell Petroleum Development Co. of Nigeria Ltd. awarded Noble Drilling West Africa Inc. four separate contracts to drill oil and gas wells in the inland waterways of Nigeria. The contracted rigs included a shallow water jack up, the NN-1, and three posted barges, the Gene Rosser, the Chuck Syring, and the Lewis Dugger. The jack up was built in 1978, and the three posted barges are 1980s vintage. Three of the rigs have been idle for a number of years. The Shell Nigeria contracts required major modifications to the rigs before putting them into international service. Noble replaced or refurbished all major pieces of equipment in the drilling, power, and service systems on the rigs. Rig crews serviced all other equipment. A significant amount of general service piping and electrical wiring was replaced. Each rig also required additional motor control centers to support the new drilling and mud processing equipment. Alfa-Laval waste-heat water desalination plants and new sewage treatment units were installed on all four rigs. Because of the tidal variances and high silt conditions expected in the African waterways, all engine cooling systems were converted from heat exchangers to radiators. Rotary tables were made common on all rigs at 37 1/2 in. Noble had all traveling equipment completely inspected and modified as necessary. Strict attention was paid to certification and documentation of all equipment. Safety upgrades conformed to both Shell and Noble standards. Fire and gas detection systems were installed throughout each rig. Water and foam deluge systems were installed in the wellhead areas, and new foam systems and monitors were installed on the helldecks.

  12. China's Presence in Rwanda and Africa, through the Lens of the Product Life Cycle Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sofiani, Lily

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    >. "Looking-East-Rwanda-China-case-study." Home | ACET.849662/special-report-china-storms-africa>. "The Birth ofGift: The Real Story of China in Africa [Paperback]." N.p. ,

  13. A modal perspective of preferential entailment K. Britz, School of Computing, Univ. of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Labuschagne, Willem

    A modal perspective of preferential entailment K. Britz, School of Computing, Univ. of South Africa J. Heidema, Dept. of Mathematics, Univ. of South Africa W. Labuschagne, Dept. of Computer Science

  14. South African National Biodiversity Institute and University of Cape Town (South Africa) Postdoctoral Fellow (1position)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarrett, Thomas H.

    South African National Biodiversity Institute and University of Cape Town (South Africa from designated groups in terms of South Africa's employment equity targets will have preference) Postdoctoral Fellow (1position) (Two year Contract) The South African National Biodiversity Institute

  15. Development of infrastructure asset management software solutions for municipalities in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Holdt, Christopher James

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This Record of Study presents the development of infrastructure asset management software solutions for municipalities in South Africa. The study was performed within a multidisciplinary engineering consulting company in South Africa...

  16. Ecology in Africa: a view from the past for informing the future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martins, Dino J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reviews ISSN 1948?6596  Ecology in Africa: a view from the the future  African Ecology – Benchmarks and Historical s  role  in  shaping  the  ecology  of  Africa…”.   These 

  17. Sandstone-carbonate cycles in Tensleep Formation, eastern Bighorn basin and western Powder River basin, Wyoming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rittersbacher, D.J.; Wheeler, D.M.; Horne, J.C.

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Outcrop and core study of the Tensleep Formation in the eastern Bighorn basin and western Powder River basin has revealed cyclic deposits of eolian sandstone and marine carbonate. These cycles, several meters to tens of meters thick, represent the rise and fall of sea level on the Wyoming shelf during Pennsylvanian and Early Permian time. Falling sea level was marked by development of a sharp scour surface at the base of each cycle and progradation of eolian dunes over an exposed, shallow carbonate shelf. Subsequent sea level rise resulted in the reworking of eolian sand through wave activity and burrowing organisms. Subtidal carbonates overlies the reworked eolian sands and are sandy at the base, grading upward into fossiliferous dolomite mudstones to wackestones. The sharp scour surface, normally present directly on the subtidal carbonates, indicates that erosion eliminated any regressive marine deposits by deflation to the ground-water table during shoreline progradation or by deflation related to abrupt drop in sea level. Relative sea level changes on the low-relief Wyoming shelf affected large areas during Tensleep deposition. This resulted in widespread sandstone-carbonate cycles that provide the basis for regional correlations of the Tensleep Formation throughout the eastern Bighorn basin and western Powder River basin.

  18. Jurassic sequence stratigraphy of the eastern Gulf Coastal Plain: Applications to hydrocarbon exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tew, B.H.; Mancini, E.A.; Mink, R.M. (Geological Survey of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (United States))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on regional stratigraphic and sedimentologic data, three unconformity-bounded depositional sequences associated with cycles of relative sea-level change and coastal onlap are recognized for Jurassic strata in the eastern Gulf Coastal Plain area. These sequences are designated, in ascending order, the LZAGC (Lower Zuni A Gulf Coast)-3.1, the LZAGC-4.1, and the LZAGC-4.2 sequences and include Callovian through Kimmeridgian Stage strata. An understanding of the relationship of Jurassic reservoirs to sequence stratigraphy can serve as an aid to hydrocarbon exploration in the eastern gulf area. The most extensive and productive Jurassic hydrocarbon reservoirs in the study area occur within the progradational, regressive highstand deposits of the LZAGC-3.1 and LZAGC-4.1 depositional sequences. For example, the majority of Norphlet sandstone reservoirs in the onshore and offshore Alabama area are interpreted to have accumulated in eolian dune, interdune, and wadi (fluvial) depositional environments, which occurred in association with the highstand regressive system of the LZAGC-3.1 sequence. The most important Smackover reservoirs generally consist of partially to completely dolomitized ooid and peloid packstones and grainstones in the upper portion of the unit. These reservoirs occur in subtidal to supratidal, shoaling-upward carbonate mudstone to grainstone cycles in the highstand regressive system of the LZAGC-4.1 sequence. In addition, minor reservoirs that are discontinuous and not well developed are associated with the shelf margin and transgressive systems of the LZAGC-4.1.

  19. Article #11, May 23, 2006 AJ's Technical Tips: Technologies for Lighting in Rural Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Arne

    Jacobson People living in off-grid areas in Africa use a variety of different technologies for lighting. I

  20. Area selection for diamonds using magnetotellurics: Examples from southern Africa Alan G. Jones a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    of the Witwatersrand, Jan Smuts Avenue, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa k ABB AB, HVDC, Ludvika, SE-77180, Sweden a b

  1. Title: Hidden economies, future options: trade in non-timber forest products in eastern Indonesia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Hidden economies, future options: trade in non-timber forest products in eastern Indonesia Tenggara (ENT), eastern Indonesia. The study was the outcome of an ACIAR scoping study undertaken through

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - air force eastern Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ) and eastern IO (80E-120E). To consider the monsoon-ocean interaction and the remote ENSO forcing, we... the tropical IO and eastern Pacific is about 1:4, c1>0.25 means...

  3. Differential Attraction of Heliothis subflexa Males to Synthetic Pheromone Lures in Eastern US

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Differential Attraction of Heliothis subflexa Males to Synthetic Pheromone Lures in Eastern US in Eastern US showed that when the acetates were omitted from a 7-component blend in rubber septa, fewer

  4. Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon/14/2008 12:55:54 PM] #12;Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Volume ('000 m3 import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea Reports (commissioned

  5. 2nd Edition Nov. 2011 CampusFrance South Africa Newsletter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    2nd Edition Nov. 2011 CampusFrance South Africa Newsletter Table of contents : o Current Bursary offered by the French Embassy aim to respond to South Africa and Lesotho's need to train and equip French per country) for Honours and Masters students from South Korea, Mexico, India, USA, South Africa

  6. International Sirex Symposium, Pretoria, South Africa 9-16 May 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Sirex Symposium, Pretoria, South Africa 9-16 May 2007 Page 43 THE THREAT OF SIREX NOCTILIO AND OTHER ALIEN INVASIVE SPECIES IN AFRICA Clement Chilima FISNA Secretariat, Forestry Research the threat of alien invasive species to forest resources in Africa and the weak capacity of most African

  7. Novel methods reveal shifts in migration phenology of barn swallows in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    1 Novel methods reveal shifts in migration phenology of barn swallows in South Africa Res Altwegg National Biodiversity Institute, P/Bag X7, Claremont 7735, South Africa Animal Demography Unit, Department of Zoology and Department of Statistical Sciences, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa

  8. Learn more about the summer course which includes a 3 week trip to South Africa.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Learn more about the summer course which includes a 3 week trip to South Africa. The program an introduction to the historical and the con- temporary South Africa as well as at least one post trip meeting@binghamton.edu or Josephine Allen at jaallen@binghamton.edu. Destination South Africa - Summer Course 2012 February 28th

  9. Judicial review of legislation: Constitutionalism personified in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van den Brink, Jeroen

    , the Netherlands and South Africa By Gerhard van der Schyff Supervisor: prof. dr. Paul Cliteur Although fast and South Africa. These systems provide fertile ground for comparison, as they present a spectrum judicial review. Clearly, a very measured approach to bipolar constitutionalism. South Africa inhabits

  10. Interannual memory effects for spring NDVI in semi-arid South Africa Yves Richard,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Interannual memory effects for spring NDVI in semi-arid South Africa Yves Richard,1 Nade`ge Martiny vegetation dynamics of semi-arid South Africa may preferably be driven by biological rather than hydrological (2008), Interannual memory effects for spring NDVI in semi-arid South Africa, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L

  11. SAI Study Tour to South Africa "Cultural Immersion and Transformational Learning"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    11th SAI Study Tour to South Africa "Cultural Immersion and Transformational Learning" The Rutgers Graduate School of Education offers a unique 3-credit summer experience in South Africa; its schools and rural townships located in the Gauteng and Western Cape provinces of South Africa. Among the planned

  12. New species of Anthostomella on fynbos, with a key to the genus in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New species of Anthostomella on fynbos, with a key to the genus in South Africa Seonju LEE, South Africa. E-mail : slee@maties.sun.ac.za Received 3 April 2002; accepted 18 November 2002. A study of saprobic fungi occurring on the fynbos of the Western Cape Province of South Africa yielded four unknown

  13. Contextual appraisal of GM cotton diffusion in South Africa Michel Fok1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Contextual appraisal of GM cotton diffusion in South Africa Michel Fok1 , Jean-Luc Hofs1 , Marnus Gouse2 , Johann Kirsten2 1 CIRAD, France ; 2 University of Pretoria, South Africa Published in: Life the introduction of GMC and this causes observers to question the so-called success story of GMC in South Africa

  14. History and the Technopolitics of Identity: The Case of Apartheid South Africa*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    History and the Technopolitics of Identity: The Case of Apartheid South Africa* Paul N. Edwards and computers in apartheid South Africa, considering these systems ­ and apartheid more generally ­ as forms-apartheid activists, who fought to limit South Africa's access to these systems. We argue that nuclear systems enacted

  15. First report of bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearumon eucalypts in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    First report of bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearumon eucalypts in South Africa BY T. A of Pretoria, 0002 Pretoria, South Africa. E-mail: Teresa. Coutinho@FABI.up.ac.za; 3 Department of Microbiology and Biochemistry, University of the Orange Free State, PO Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa; 4 Agricultural

  16. Improving Crop Yield and Water Productivity by Ecological Sanitation and Water Harvesting in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    , University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag X01, Scottsville 3209, South Africa *S Supporting Information and fertility constraints in rain- fed smallholder agriculture in South Africa, namely in situ water harvesting significantly increased maize yields by 12% and transpiration by 2% on average across South Africa. In situ

  17. South Africa 1-2 9/11 Arts Project 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmitt, William R.

    South Africa 1-2 9/11 Arts Project 3 Pine Ridge 4-5 Equine Therapy 6 Emotional Resources 7 Outsider on Carlyle Circle ArtTherapy in South Africa Expanding our Diversity Course by Becky Jacobson, 2nd year South to further introduce art therapy to the people of South Africa. Our group was composed of eleven students

  18. International Sirex Symposium, Pretoria, South Africa 9-16 May 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Sirex Symposium, Pretoria, South Africa 9-16 May 2007 Page 46 PERSPECTIVES of South America. Prior to joining FAO, Gillian worked in Africa for 12 years, including five years ON THE IMPENDING THREAT OF SIREX NOCTILIO TO AFRICA Gillian Allard Forestry Department, Food and Agriculture

  19. Population structure and possible origin of Amylostereum areolatum in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Population structure and possible origin of Amylostereum areolatum in South Africa B. Slippers*², M, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa 0002 The woodwasp, Sirex noctilio, and its symbiotic fungus was first reported from South Africa in 1994. In this study, the population diversity of A. areolatum

  20. Sir --As 27 April 2004 marks ten years of multiracial democracy in South Africa,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sir -- As 27 April 2004 marks ten years of multiracial democracy in South Africa, it is appropriate, engineering and technology. The strategy rightly notes that, given South Africa's correspondence NATURE|VOL428 of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), University of KwaZulu-Natal, King George V Avenue, Durban 4041, South

  1. Susceptibility of provenances and families of Pinus maximinoi and Pinus tecunumanii to frost in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in South Africa R. G. Mitchell · M. J. Wingfield · G. R. Hodge · W. S. Dvorak · T. A. Coutinho Received: 15+Business Media B.V. 2012 Abstract The future of South Africa's most important pine species, Pinus patula subtropical species that provide an alternative to planting P. patula on the warmer sites of South Africa

  2. THE EU-AFRICA ENERGY COOPERATION: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR PUBLIC AND PRIVATE BUSINESSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    multilateral and bilateral energy relationships with Africa. There are three EU-Africa energy initiativesTHE EU-AFRICA ENERGY COOPERATION: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR PUBLIC AND PRIVATE BUSINESSESD Candidate Energy security, sustainable development and mutual benefits are the three keywords

  3. THE DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPACT OF DAMS: EVIDENCE FROM CROPLAND PRODUCTIVITY IN AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    THE DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPACT OF DAMS: EVIDENCE FROM CROPLAND PRODUCTIVITY IN AFRICA Eric STROBL Robert of Dams: Evidence from Cropland Productivity in Africa Eric Strobl*, ** Ecole Polytechnique & Robert the distributional impact of major dams on cropland productivity in Africa. As our unit of analysis we use

  4. Biofuels in Africa May Help Achieve Global Goals, Experts Say | Worldwatch Institute Login | Register | Shopping Cart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biofuels in Africa May Help Achieve Global Goals, Experts Say | Worldwatch Institute Login Contact Us Sign Up for e-mail updates Home » Online Features » e2 - Eye on Earth Biofuels in Africa May for developing biofuels from sugar cane and other crops. Photo by Steve McNicholas Africa can use the biofuels

  5. "Some, for all, forever" Managing Water for Sustainable Development in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauzerall, Denise

    "Some, for all, forever" Managing Water for Sustainable Development in South Africa Priscilla" Integrated Water Resources Management in South Africa" a. Natural Conditions and Hydrology b. Pollution c Services Act of 1997 IV. Evaluation: South Africa as a Case Study a. Environmental goals b. Equity goals c

  6. African Countries Take Lead On Illegal Logging UN Integrated Regional Information Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    African Countries Take Lead On Illegal Logging UN Integrated Regional Information Networks Email Abidjan Of the 39 countries which recently signed a declaration outlawing illegal logging 31 came from Africa, an indication of how seriously the problem of illegal logging is viewed around the continent

  7. Influence of Permian salt dissolution on distribution of shallow Niobrara gas fields, eastern Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oldham, D.W.; Smosna, R.A. [West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Subsurface analysis of Permian salt and related strata in the shallow Niobrara gas area on the eastern flank of the Denver basin reveals that the location of faulted anticlines which produce gas from porous chalk is related to the occurrence of six Nippewalla Group (Leonardian) salt zones. Salt distribution is controlled by the configuration of evaporate basins during the Leonardian, truncation at a sub-Jurassic unconformity (which has completely removed Guadalupian salts), and post-Jurassic subsurface dissolution. Significant dissolution took place in response to Laramide orogeny and subsequent eastward regional groundwater flow within the Lyons (Cedar Hills) Sandstone aquifer. Initially, dissolution occurred along a regional facies change from sandstone to salt. Solution collapse allowed for cross-formational flow and removal of younger salts. Shallow Niobrara gas fields are situated above salt outliers or along regionally updip salt edges. No significant Niobrara production exists in areas where salt is absent. Structural relief across fields is related to Leonardian thickness variations, rather than subsalt offset. Seismic data reveal abrupt Leonardian thinning at the regionally updip limit of Eckley field, which has produced over 33 BCFG. Thickness of residual salt may be important in controlling the amount of gas trapped within the Niobrara. Where thick salts are preserved, structural relief is greater, the gas-water transition zone is thicker, and gas saturation is higher at the crests of faulted anticlines.

  8. ENSO's Impact on the Gap Wind Regions of the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean* MICHAEL A. ALEXANDER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Shang-Ping

    The recently released NCEP Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) is used to examine the response to ENSO fluxes damp the SSTs anomalies, while the Ekman heat transport is generally in quadrature; with the cold thermocline water at greater depths during El Nin~o in the NETP, it is less likely

  9. The ecology of furbearers in the Upland Post Oak Region of Eastern Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, John Eugene

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    prime and unprime pelts . . . 165 38. Ringtail pelts, prime and unprime. 166 39. Ringtail fur mounts showing frayed hair, . . . . . . . . 167 Illustrations (continued) 40. Unprime gray fox hide. ................. . 167 41. Gray fox fur mounts...

  10. Energy Outlook in Eastern Europe and Central Asia Region | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazel Crest,EnergySerranopolis Jump to:EconCompaniesMain PageInformation

  11. Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia exposed on Obi Island, eastern Indonesia. Until the late Neogene, Obi formed part of the southern tectonic history of eastern Indonesia and northern New Guinea has been dominated by the punctuated

  12. Late Quaternary variability of sedimentary nitrogen isotopes in the eastern South Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Late Quaternary variability of sedimentary nitrogen isotopes in the eastern South Pacific Ocean), Late Quaternary variability of sedimentary nitrogen isotopes in the eastern South Pacific Ocean) in the water columns of the Arabian Sea (AS) and the eastern North and South Pacific oceans (ENP; ESP) holds

  13. Primary production in the eastern tropical Pacific: A review J. Timothy Pennington a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennington, J. Timothy

    , Peru Abstract The eastern tropical Pacific includes 28 million km2 of ocean between 23.5°N phytoplankton growth (and nitrogen fixation) over large portions of the open-ocean eastern tropical Pacific Pacific. Seasonal cycles are weak over much of the open-ocean eastern tropical Pacific, although several

  14. Intraseasonal Eastern Pacific Precipitation and SST Variations in a GCM Coupled to a Slab Ocean Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maloney, Eric

    Intraseasonal Eastern Pacific Precipitation and SST Variations in a GCM Coupled to a Slab Ocean-Schubert convection to a slab ocean model (SOM) improves the simulation of eastern Pacific convection during and ocean make eastern Pacific low-level circulation anomalies more complex in the SOM simulation than

  15. Syn-thinning pluton emplacement during Mesozoic extension in eastern Mongolia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Syn-thinning pluton emplacement during Mesozoic extension in eastern Mongolia Yannick Daoudene,1 relationships between deformation and magmatic activity that occurred in the central part of eastern Mongolia of eastern Mongolia. Citation: Daoudene, Y., D. Gapais, G. Ruffet, E. Gloaguen, A. Cocherie, and P. Ledru

  16. Accuracy of teleseismic event locations in the Middle East and North Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sweeney, J.J.

    1996-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Seismic characterization at the regional level requires accurate determination of phases and travel times for many combinations of stations and events. An important consideration in the process is the accuracy of event locations. The LLNL Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Research Program is currently working on data from the Middle East and North Africa, where seismic station coverage is relatively sparse and ``ground truth`` seismic source information is practically nonexistent. In this report the investigator use after shock studies as a source of local ground truth. He evaluates teleseismic location accuracy by comparing hypocenters determined by local networks with those determined teleseismically [e.g. the International Seismological Center (ISC) and the National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC)]. Epicentral locations, origin times, and depth determinations of events from three aftershocks studies (Algeria, Armenia, and Iran) and one local network study (Iran) are compared with ISC and NEIC locations for the same events. The key parameter for the ISC locations is the number of observations used in the location determination. For more than 40-50 observations, the agreement rapidly diminishes and ISC locations can differ from local determinations by as much as 80 km or more. Events in Iran show a distinct bias of ISC location errors toward the northeast; events in Armenia and Algeria show no directional bias. This study shows that only events with ISC M{sub b} {gt} 4.4-4.5 or NEIS M{sub b} {gt} 4.7-4. should be used for compiling travel time information from teleseismic bulletins in the Middle East/North Africa region when locations from the NEIC and ISC bulletins are used.

  17. AN UPDATE ON REFORM IN EASTERN EUROPE AND RUSSIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AN UPDATE ON REFORM IN EASTERN EUROPE AND RUSSIA Jeffrey Sachs ABSTRACT: The paper reviews the experience of Poland and Russia with economic reform, with occasional comparison to China's experience. The author argues that macroeconomic chaos in Poland and Russia preceded reform and was allayed by reform

  18. AN ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF THE ST. LAWRENCE RIVER-EASTERN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AN ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF THE ST. LAWRENCE RIVER-EASTERN LAKE ONTARIO BASS FISHERY The St. Lawrence information on the economic importance of the bass fishery, considered by many to be one of the best smallmouth bass fisheries in the world. The economic value of this recreational fishery should be taken

  19. Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study Solar Dataset (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hummon, M.

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory produced solar power production data for the Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study (ERGIS) including "real time" 5-minute interval data, "four hour ahead forecast" 60-minute interval data, and "day-ahead forecast" 60-minute interval data for the year 2006. This presentation provides a brief overview of the three solar power datasets.

  20. UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN SOUTHERN DIVISION COALITION TO DEFEND PARTY, Plaintiffs, v. JENNIFER GRANHOLM, in her official capacity as Governor of the State of Michigan, the REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, the BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY, the BOARD

  1. EIS-0390: Eastern Plains Transmission Project, Colorado and Kansas.

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS is for Western Area Power Administration's proposal to participate with Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association, Inc. (Tri-State), to construct the proposed Eastern Plains Transmission Project (Project). Western’s participation with Tri-State would be in exchange for capacity rights on the transmission lines.

  2. Savannah River Site Eastern Transportation Hub: A Concept For a DOE Eastern Packaging, Staging and Maintenance Center - 13143

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    England, Jeffery L. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, South Carolina (United States)] [Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, South Carolina (United States); Adams, Karen; Maxted, Maxcine; Ruff Jr, Clarence [U.S. Department of Energy, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy, Savannah River Site, Aiken, SC (United States); Albenesius, Andrew; Bowers, Mark D.; Fountain, Geoffrey; Hughes, Michael [Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, Aiken, SC (United States)] [Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, Aiken, SC (United States); Gordon, Sydney [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV (United States)] [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, NV (United States); O'Connor, Stephen [U.S. Department of Energy, HQ DOE, EM-33, Germantown MD (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy, HQ DOE, EM-33, Germantown MD (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) is working to de-inventory sites and consolidate hazardous materials for processing and disposal. The DOE administers a wide range of certified shipping packages for the transport of hazardous materials to include Special Nuclear Material (SNM), radioactive materials, sealed sources and radioactive wastes. A critical element to successful and safe transportation of these materials is the availability of certified shipping packages. There are over seven thousand certified packagings (i.e., Type B/Type AF) utilized within the DOE for current missions. The synergistic effects of consolidated maintenance, refurbishment, testing, certification, and costing of these services would allow for efficient management of the packagings inventory and to support anticipated future in-commerce shipping needs. The Savannah River Site (SRS) receives and ships radioactive materials (including SNM) and waste on a regular basis for critical missions such as consolidated storage, stabilization, purification, or disposition using H-Canyon and HB-Line. The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has the technical capability and equipment for all aspects of packaging management. SRS has the only active material processing facility in the DOE complex and is one of the sites of choice for nuclear material consolidation. SRS is a logical location to perform maintenance and periodic testing of the DOE fleet of certified packagings. This initiative envisions a DOE Eastern Packaging Staging and Maintenance Center (PSMC) at the SRS and a western hub at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), an active DOE Regional Disposal Site. The PSMC's would be the first place DOE would go to meet their radioactive packaging needs and the primary locations projects would go to disposition excess packaging for beneficial reuse. These two hubs would provide the centralized management of a packaging fleet rather than the current approach to design, procure, maintain and dispose of packagings on a project-by-project basis. This initiative provides significant savings in packaging costs and acceleration of project schedules. In addition to certified packaging, the PSMC would be well suited for select designs of 7A Type A packaging and Industrial Packaging. (authors)

  3. A Soil-Based Methodology for Locating Buried Early Prehistoric Cultural Deposits in Draws on the High Plains of Eastern Colorado and Western Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Kristopher R.

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    with intensive rainfall. The High Plains are subject to periodic droughts associated with the intensification of zonal airflow and anticyclonic, high-pressure systems in the upper atmosphere. Severe droughts, which have occurred in the region roughly every... 20 years, appear to be linked to persistent cool sea surface temperatures associated with La Nińa in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean (Schubert et al. 2004a, b; Seager et al. 2005; Seager 2007). These severe droughts affect the composition...

  4. Breast health problems are rare in both HIV-infected and uninfected women supported to exclusively breastfeed in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    to exclusively breastfeed in South Africa RM Bland1,2 , R Becquet1,3,4 , NC Rollins5 , A Coutsoudis5 , HM, Somkhele, South Africa 2 Division of Developmental Medicine, University of Glasgow, UK 3 INSERM, Unité 593Zulu Natal, South Africa 6 Centre for HIV/AIDS Networking, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa 7 Centre

  5. MSU at Work in Africa: Food and Agricultural Export

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MSU at Work in Africa: Food and Agricultural Export Value Chain Development The Challenge Global, and other high-value export products, small- and medium-scale producers have struggled to access these markets. Paving the way for these producers to supply high-value food and agricultural export markets

  6. africa policy guidelines: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    africa policy guidelines First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Academic Policies and...

  7. MSU at Work in Africa: Land Use, Strategic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and processing of mineral resources, and the local housing construction industry are grossly untapped areas of Africa, excessive extraction of resources, including oil, coal, and natural gas, has resulted Raleigh Barlowe, land by itself creates little value; however, when combined with human, financial

  8. Recurrence plots from altimetry data of some lakes in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amelia Carolina Sparavigna

    2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper shows recurrence plots obtained from time series of the level variations of four lakes in Africa (Nasser, Tana, Chad and Kainji). The data, coming from remote sensing, are provided by the United States Department of Agriculture. The recurrence plots allow a good visual comparison of the behaviours of local drainage basins.

  9. Recurrence plots from altimetry data of some lakes in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper shows recurrence plots obtained from time series of the level variations of four lakes in Africa (Nasser, Tana, Chad and Kainji). The data, coming from remote sensing, are provided by the United States Department of Agriculture. The recurrence plots allow a good visual comparison of the behaviours of local drainage basins.

  10. MSU at Work in Africa: Safe Water and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and lack of infrastructure for water and sewage systems have contributed to the global burden of waterborne Figure 1. Taken from Water for Life, Making It Happen­WHO/UNICEF 2005 Association between lackMSU at Work in Africa: Safe Water and Environmental Health Issues and Problems Water contamination

  11. Remote Sensing Applications for Sustainable Aquaculture in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Wen

    Remote Sensing Applications for Sustainable Aquaculture in Africa Joseph E. Quansah1 , Gilbert L of the science with respect to remote sensing applications for aquaculture, including site location, aquaculture for multi-sensor remote sensing deployment to support sustainable fish production in these environments

  12. UNIVERSITY SURNAME FIRST NAME NATIONALITY EMAIL SEMESTER South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jüttler, Bert

    Seoul National University Min Jungki Korea 2mjk0811[at]naver.com WS Mongolia National University of Mongolia Munkhbat Battulga Mongolia tuka_tulgaa[at]yahoo.com WS + SS Mongolian University of Science and Technology Boldtseren Solongo Mongolia solongo_216[at]yahoo.com WS + SS AFRICA ASIA #12;Taiwan National Sun

  13. Building Climate Smart Agriculture in Africa through Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tufts University

    ... stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous-frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production since 2004 Countries investing in agriculture in Africa include the United States, UK, Sweden, China

  14. Regional trends in the take-up of clean coal technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wootten, J.M. [Peabody Holding Co., Inc., St. Louis, MO (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Using surveys of the electricity industry taken in major OECD coal producing/coal consuming regions of North America, Europe, Southern Africa, and Asia/Pacific, this paper reports on the attitudes of power plant operators and developers toward clean coal technologies, the barriers to their use and the policies and measures that might be implemented, if a country or region desired to encourage greater use of clean coal technologies.

  15. Cost effective waste management through composting in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Couth, R. [CRECHE, Centre for Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, Civil Engineering Programme, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa); Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za [CRECHE, Centre for Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, Civil Engineering Programme, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The financial/social/institutional sustainability of waste management in Africa is analysed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note is a compendium of a study on the potential for GHG control via improved zero waste in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This study provides the framework for Local Authorities for realizing sustained GHG reductions. - Abstract: Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions per person from urban waste management activities are greater in sub-Saharan African countries than in other developing countries, and are increasing as the population becomes more urbanised. Waste from urban areas across Africa is essentially dumped on the ground and there is little control over the resulting gas emissions. The clean development mechanism (CDM), from the 1997 Kyoto Protocol has been the vehicle to initiate projects to control GHG emissions in Africa. However, very few of these projects have been implemented and properly registered. A much more efficient and cost effective way to control GHG emissions from waste is to stabilise the waste via composting and to use the composted material as a soil improver/organic fertiliser or as a component of growing media. Compost can be produced by open windrow or in-vessel composting plants. This paper shows that passively aerated open windrows constitute an appropriate low-cost option for African countries. However, to provide an usable compost material it is recommended that waste is processed through a materials recovery facility (MRF) before being composted. The paper demonstrates that material and biological treatment (MBT) are viable in Africa where they are funded, e.g. CDM. However, they are unlikely to be instigated unless there is a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol, which ceases for Registration in December 2012.

  16. Regional Slip Tendency Analysis of the Great Basin Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faulds, James E.

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Slip and dilation tendency on the Great Basin fault surfaces (from the USGS Quaternary Fault Database) were calculated using 3DStress (software produced by Southwest Research Institute). Slip and dilation tendency are both unitless ratios of the resolved stresses applied to the fault plane by the measured ambient stress field. - Values range from a maximum of 1 (a fault plane ideally oriented to slip or dilate under ambient stress conditions) to zero (a fault plane with no potential to slip or dilate). - Slip and dilation tendency values were calculated for each fault in the Great Basin. As dip is unknown for many faults in the USGS Quaternary Fault Database, we made these calculations using the dip for each fault that would yield the maximum slip or dilation tendency. As such, these results should be viewed as maximum slip and dilation tendency. - The resulting along?fault and fault?to?fault variation in slip or dilation potential is a proxy for along fault and fault?to?fault variation in fluid flow conduit potential. Stress Magnitudes and directions were calculated across the entire Great Basin. Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson?Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005). The minimum horizontal stress direction (Shmin) was contoured, and spatial bins with common Shmin directions were calculated. Based on this technique, we subdivided the Great Basin into nine regions (Shmin <070, 070140). Slip and dilation tendency were calculated using 3DStress for the faults within each region using the mean Shmin for the region. Shmin variation throughout Great Basin are shown on Figure 3. For faults within the Great Basin proper, we applied a normal faulting stress regime, where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax), which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin). Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin, we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46. These values are consistent with stress magnitude data at both Dixie Valley (Hickman et al., 2000) and Yucca Mountain (Stock et al., 1985). For faults within the Walker Lane/Eastern California Shear Zone, we applied a strike?slip faulting stress, where shmax > sv > shmin. Upon visual inspection of limited stress magnitude data from the Walker Lane and Eastern California Shear zone, we chose values such that SHmin/SHmax = .46 and Shmin/Sv= .527 representative of the region. Results: The results of our slip and dilation tendency analysis are shown in Figures 4 (dilation tendency), 5 (slip tendency) and 6 (slip tendency + dilation tendency). Shmin varies from northwest to east?west trending throughout much of the Great Basin. As such, north? to northeast?striking faults have the highest tendency to slip and to dilate, depending on the local trend of shmin. These results provide a first order filter on faults and fault systems in the Great Basin, affording focusing of local?scale exploration efforts for blind or hidden geothermal resources.

  17. Deep Geothermal Reservoir Temperatures in the Eastern Snake River Plain, Idaho using Multicomponent Geothermometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghanashyam Neupane; Earl D. Mattson; Travis L. McLing; Carl D. Palmer; Robert W. Smith; Thomas R. Wood

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Geological survey has estimated that there are up to 4,900 MWe of undiscovered geothermal resources and 92,000 MWe of enhanced geothermal potential within the state of Idaho. Of particular interest are the resources of the Eastern Snake River Plain (ESRP) which was formed by volcanic activity associated with the relative movement of the Yellowstone Hot Spot across the state of Idaho. This region is characterized by a high geothermal gradient and thermal springs occurring along the margins of the ESRP. Masking much of the deep thermal potential of the ESRP is a regionally extensive and productive cold-water aquifer. We have undertaken a study to infer the temperature of the geothermal system hidden beneath the cold-water aquifer of the ESRP. Our approach is to estimate reservoir temperatures from measured water compositions using an inverse modeling technique (RTEst) that calculates the temperature at which multiple minerals are simultaneously at equilibrium while explicitly accounting for the possible loss of volatile constituents (e.g., CO2), boiling and/or water mixing. In the initial stages of this study, we apply the RTEst model to water compositions measured from a limited number of wells and thermal springs to estimate the regionally extensive geothermal system in the ESRP.

  18. A retrospective study of ecosystem effects of the 1976/77 regime shift in the eastern Pacific warm pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vilchis, L. Ignacio

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis, in the eastern Pacificalbacares and Katsuwonus pelamis, respectively), to drive

  19. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

    2008-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

  20. Geochemistry studies in Eastern Kentucky. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Negus-de Wys, J.

    1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Presented here are the results of inorganic geochemical studies on well cuttings from fourteen wells in the Big Sandy Gas Field. Both x-ray fluorescence and x-ray diffraction were used in analysis. Resultant mineralic data and elemental data were mapped by computer and by hand for five intervals of Ohio Shale and for the Berea/Bedford sequence. Comparisons of the geochemistry trend maps were made with lithology, structure, thermal maturation, gas open flow, and paleoenvironment. Techniques used included visual map comparison, computer map comparison programs utilizing correlation coefficients based on grid derived data sets, cluster analysis, x-y plots, and r/sup 2/ (coefficient of determination). A limited number of regional maps are included. It is concluded that inorganic geochemical analysis can be useful in: (1) suggesting paleoenvironmental trends; (2) establishing depositional trends; (3) enhancing exploration in terms of setting limits and pinpointing potential areas for hydrocarbon recovery; and (4) identification of likely locations for large gas fields when used with other geological studies. Elemental data analysis is the most accurate, and can be done quickly and inexpensively. It is concluded that the Big Sandy gas field area is a unique stratigraphic-structural gas trap, in which sedimentary factors, depositional basin features, plant evolution and occurrence, and structural elements all played important roles. Combinations of certain of these ingredients in different amounts may exist in other parts of the basin, and thus, suggest areas for hydrocarbon accumulation and potential recovery.

  1. HYDROGEN REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HYDROGEN REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAM IN PENNSYLVANIA HYDROGEN REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROGRAM date ­ November 23, 2004 · Contract end date ­ March 31, 2006 #12;Hydrogen Regional Infrastructure Program in Pennsylvania Hydrogen Regional Infrastructure Program in Pennsylvania · Objectives ­ Capture

  2. Ambitious exploration, pipeline project may tap eastern C. I. S

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krueger, W.C. (Jebco Seismic Ltd., London (GB))

    1992-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on Project Vostok, a vastly ambitious project which will by the end of the century move gas from Eastern Siberia and the Sakhalin area through North and South Korea to Japan. This system will open one of the last available frontiers on earth for exploitation of many diverse natural resources. With the start of such a project, western oil companies can see a return on their investment possibly equal to investment in other more developed areas. Eastern Siberia and the Far East of the former Soviet Union possess huge hydrocarbon and mineral reserves. Their areal extent is 3.2 million sq km, equal to more than 40% of the U.S. land area. The conception of development of the Yakutsk, Irkutsk, and Sakhalin gas fields and mineral and timber resources of the Far East exemplifies a project that encompasses many different organizations and boundaries.

  3. Waste management activities and carbon emissions in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Couth, R. [University of KwaZulu-Natal, CRECHE, School of Civil Engineering, Survey and Construction, Durban 4041 (South Africa); Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za [University of KwaZulu-Natal, CRECHE, School of Civil Engineering, Survey and Construction, Durban 4041 (South Africa)

    2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes research into waste management activities and carbon emissions from territories in sub-Saharan Africa with the main objective of quantifying emission reductions (ERs) that can be gained through viable improvements to waste management in Africa. It demonstrates that data on waste and carbon emissions is poor and generally inadequate for prediction models. The paper shows that the amount of waste produced and its composition are linked to national Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Waste production per person is around half that in developed countries with a mean around 230 kg/hd/yr. Sub-Saharan territories produce waste with a biogenic carbon content of around 56% (+/-25%), which is approximately 40% greater than developed countries. This waste is disposed in uncontrolled dumps that produce large amounts of methane gas. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from waste will rise with increasing urbanization and can only be controlled through funding mechanisms from developed countries.

  4. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Licensed oil acreage in the 6 North Africa countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia) totaled 1,500,000 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1986, down 290,000 km/sup 2/ from 1985. About 50% of the relinquishments were in Libya. Most oil and gas discoveries were made in Egypt (16 oil and 2 gas). Several oil finds were reported in onshore Libya, and 1 was reported in Algeria in the southeastern Sahara. According to available statistics, development drilling decreased from 1985 levels, except in Tunisia. A 6.3% decline in oil production took place in 1986, falling below the 3 million bbl level (2,912,000 b/d). Only sparse data are released on the gas output in North Africa. 6 figures, 27 tables.

  5. Africa planned gas lines will meet future demand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The burgeoning European market for natural gas is expected to create major gas line construction. The potential for North Africa looks particularly promising in 1991. Italy's ENI has proposed a 6,000-km (3,728-mi) gas network in North Africa to connect gas-rich Libya and Algeria with Morocco and Mauritania, making large volumes available to the European market. According to the proposal, a gas line would run from the Sirte Basin in Libya west to Mauritania. Extending the line eastward through Egypt and on to the Arabian Peninsula would provide export access. In this paper initial studies are examine reserve projections for the next 20 years, then based on results, a transmission/distribution network will be designed, including an offshore gathering system.

  6. Oil and gas developments in north Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Popescu, B.M.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The recovery of international petroleum activity in 1987 was reflected slightly in the 6 North Africa countries covered in this report (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia). Licensed area increased marginally to about 2,594,000 km/sup 2/ (up 0.5% from 1986), whereas surface exploration and drilling decreased significantly (about 30% and 20%, respectively, from 1986 levels). The two OPEC-member countries adhered to imposed quotas, recording somewhat lower production levels in 1987 than in 1986; however, total production of the North Africa countries increased to 3,025,000 BOPD (up 2% from 1986) as Egypt recorded all-time highs for both liquids and natural gas production. 7 figs., 29 tabs.

  7. S. Africa: ESKOM's Massive investment hits new snag

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ESKOM, the government-owned company that generates nearly 95 percent of the power in South Africa, has been facing serious capacity shortages for some time, forcing it to resort to mandatory rationing of major industrial users and occasional outages. A combination of rapid economic growth and chronic underinvestment in infrastructure resulted in the disappearance of a once plentiful capacity surplus. Considerable rate increases and emphasis on conservation are planned.

  8. Radio astronomy in Africa: the case of Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asabere, Bernard Duah; Horellou, Cathy; Winkler, Hartmut; Jarrett, Thomas

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    South Africa has played a leading role in radio astronomy in Africa with the Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory (HartRAO). It continues to make strides with the current seven-dish MeerKAT precursor array (KAT-7), leading to the 64-dish MeerKAT and the giant Square Kilometer Array (SKA), which will be used for transformational radio astronomy research. Ghana, an African partner to the SKA, has been mentored by South Africa over the past six years and will soon emerge in the field of radio astronomy. The country will soon have a science-quality 32m dish converted from a redundant satellite communication antenna. Initially, it will be fitted with 5 GHz and 6.7 GHz receivers to be followed later by a 1.4 - 1.7 GHz receiver. The telescope is being designed for use as a single dish observatory and for participation in the developing African Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) Network (AVN) and the European VLBI Network. Ghana is earmarked to host a remote station during a possible SKA Phase 2. The loca...

  9. New records of the Cryphonectriaceae from southern Africa including Latruncellus aurorae gen. sp. nov.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New records of the Cryphonectriaceae from southern Africa including Latruncellus aurorae gen. sp, Latruncellus aurorae gen. sp. nov., is described from Galpinia transvaalica (Lythraceae, Myrtales) in Swazi

  10. africa pretoria 20-23: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AND OTHER ALIEN INVASIVE SPECIES IN AFRICA Clement Chilima FISNA Secretariat, Forestry Research to be protected from the impact of alien invasive species for the good of...

  11. South Africa and the 21st Century Power Partnership (Fact Sheet...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with energy efficiency and smart grid deployment measures. * Assist the Government of South Africa to build a workforce of power system experts through dedicated workshops and...

  12. Global Climate Change, Developing Countries and Transport Sector Options in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    South Africa (MSA) Action Agenda (May 1999) 36 Main policy thrusts .36 Key strategic issues..37 Key initiatives38 White Paper on Energy Policy (

  13. Third international conference of the Association of Geophysicists in Exploration and Research in Africa (Abstracts)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This conference brings together diverse papers devoted to geophysics and exploration in Africa. There are more than fifty papers represented including papers on uranium and hydrology.

  14. E-Print Network 3.0 - africa 2007-2009 systematic Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Political Economy (Politics 381) Spring 2005, 2007, Fall 2009... Spring 2008 Politics & Media in Africa Spring 2006 (Senegal) African Politics Fall 2005 Race & Nation... Fiscal...

  15. An Overview of Accountability Mechanisms in Public - Private Partnerships in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fombad, Madeleine

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    September 10, 2012). UN Global Compact Network South Africa.standards are the UN Global Compact (2009), the Organisationby joining the UN Global Compact. Amongst these are Sasol,

  16. U.S. and South Africa Hold Bilateral Discussion on Building a...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and South Africa are working to deliver concrete results that grow our economies through sustainable energy development and enhance our energy security," said U.S. Deputy...

  17. Sequence stratigraphic development of the Neoarchean Transvaal carbonate platform, Kaapvaal Craton, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sumner, Dawn Y.; Beukes, Nicolas J

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 45, 604-614. Eriksson,South Africa. Journal of Petrology, 38, 651-676. Pickard,1997). Mineralogy and petrology of the contact metamorphosed

  18. Geologic Controls of Hydrocarbon Occurrence in the Southern Appalachian Basin in Eastern Tennessee, Southwestern Virginia, Eastern Kentucky, and Southern West Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert D. Hatcher

    2004-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the second-year accomplishments of a three-year program to investigate the geologic controls of hydrocarbon occurrence in the southern Appalachian basin in eastern Tennessee, southwestern Virginia, eastern Kentucky, and southern West Virginia. The project: (1) employs the petroleum system approach to understand the geologic controls of hydrocarbons; (2) attempts to characterize the T-P parameters driving petroleum evolution; (3) attempts to obtain more quantitative definitions of reservoir architecture and identify new traps; (4) is working with USGS and industry partners to develop new play concepts and geophysical log standards for subsurface correlation; and (5) is geochemically characterizing the hydrocarbons (cooperatively with USGS). Second-year results include: All current milestones have been met and other components of the project have been functioning in parallel toward satisfaction of year-3 milestones. We also have been effecting the ultimate goal of the project in the dissemination of information through presentations at professional meetings, convening a major workshop in August 2003, and the publication of results. Our work in geophysical log correlation in the Middle Ordovician units is bearing fruit in recognition that the criteria developed locally in Tennessee and southern Kentucky have much greater extensibility than anticipated earlier. We have identified a major 60 mi-long structure in the western part of the Valley and Ridge thrust belt that is generating considerable exploration interest. If this structure is productive, it will be one of the largest structures in the Appalachians. We are completing a more quantitative structural reconstruction of the Valley and Ridge than has been made before. This should yield major dividends in future exploration in the southern Appalachian basin. Our work in mapping, retrodeformation, and modeling of the Sevier basin is a major component of the understanding of the Ordovician petroleum system in this region. Prior to our undertaking this project, this system was the least understood in the Appalachian basin. We have made numerous presentations, convened a workshop, and are beginning to disseminate our results in print. This project, in contrast to many if not most programs undertaken in DOE laboratories, has a major educational component wherein three Ph.D. students have been partially supported by this grant, one M.S. student partially supported, and another M.S. student fully supported by the project. These students will be well prepared for professional careers in the oil and gas industry.

  19. Behavioral context of call production by eastern North Pacific blue whales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oleson, Erin M; Calambokidis, J; Burgess, W C; McDonald, M A; LeDuc, C A; Hildebrand, J A

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by eastern North Pacific blue whales Erin M. Oleson 1, *,context of calls produced by blue whales Balaenoptera mus-North Pacific population of blue whales (Thompson 1965,

  20. Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study: Executive Summary and Project Overview (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    EnerNex Corporation; The Midwest ISO; Ventyx

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EWITS was designed to answer questions about technical issues related to a 20% wind energy scenario for electric demand in the Eastern Interconnection.

  1. Northwest Regional Technology Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northwest Regional Technology Center for Homeland Security The Northwest Regional Technology Center and deployment of technologies that are effective homeland security solutions for the region, and accelerate technology transfer to the national user community. Foster a collaborative spirit across agencies

  2. SHORT PERIOD SURFACE WAVE DISPERSION ACROSS THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION: IMPROVEMENTS USING REGIONAL SEISMIC NETWORKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritzwolle, Mike

    tomography to broad-band seismic data obtained in Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, and Central Asia

  3. Texas Eastern tests directional drilling in Little Missouri crossing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Becker, P.J.

    1988-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This article discusses the replacement of Texas Eastern Gas Pipeline Company's 24-inch War Emergency Pipeline (WEP) crossing the Little Missouri River near Prescott, Arkansas. It was the company's first experience with horizontal directionally drilled river crossing and represented a test case for future river-crossing applications. Initially two methods for pipe installation were considered: conventional dredging and horizontal directional drilling. The most economical method of pipe installation proved to be the horizontal directionally drilled method. The article discusses the installation of this river crossing.

  4. Eastern Iowa Light & Power Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A Potential MicrohydroDistrictInformation Ireland)EastEastern Iowa Light

  5. PP-32 Eastern Maine Electric Cooperative Inc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse(Expired) | Department ofINCREASES1 Northern9-1 Sea2 Eastern

  6. PP-32 Eastern Maine Electric Cooperative Inc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in235-1 Termoelectrica U.S LLC PP-235-1PP-32 Eastern Maine Electric

  7. Regional dust model performance during SAMUM 2006 K. Haustein,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    established forecast model delivering daily products for North Africa, Europe, Middle East and Asia http

  8. Constraints on implementing environmental impact assessments in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kakonge, J.O. (UNDP, Maseru (South Africa)); Imevbore, A.M. (Univ. of Ile-ife (Nigeria))

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Africa can benefit from the experience of other areas in implementing environmental impact assessments (EIAs), but African countries face a greater challenge in achieving this goal due to such problems as inadequate environmental legislation; inappropriate institutional framework for coordination and monitoring government activities; a shortage of qualified manpower, inadequate financial resources; absence of public awareness of the need for EIAs; and lack of suitable screening procedures to determine which development projects require an EIA. Despite these difficulties, African countries can realize short- and long-term benefits from the incorporation of the EIA into their decision-making process.

  9. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sureReportsofDepartmentSeries | Department ofDepartment of EnergyAfrica

  10. Johannesburg, South Africa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInterias SolarJaneJefferson,Information PV CorpJms solarAfrica:

  11. Making Africa's Power Sector Sustainable: An Analysis of Power Sector

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLu an Group Jump to:Macquarie EnergyMahindraReforms in Africa |

  12. USAID West Africa Climate Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtle Airships JumpTypefor AfricaToolkit for

  13. Africa Climate Policy Centre (ACPC) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifangwiki HomeASNAddGlobeJump to: navigation,Africa

  14. Africa's Infrastructure: A Time for Transformation | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifangwiki HomeASNAddGlobeJump to:Information Africa's

  15. New species of Mycosphaerella occurring on Eucalyptus leaves in Indonesia and Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    781 New species of Mycosphaerella occurring on Eucalyptus leaves in Indonesia and Africa P.W. Crous and M.J. Wingfield Ahstract:Although Africa and Indonesia have not been particularly well surveyed Eucalyptus leaves from Indonesia. The former species is of particular interest, because its anamorph

  16. Modeling blue and green water availability in Africa Jurgen Schuol,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modeling blue and green water availability in Africa Ju¨rgen Schuol,1,2 Karim C. Abbaspour,1 Hong a semidistributed hydrological model SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool), the freshwater components blue water. J. B. Zehnder (2008), Modeling blue and green water availability in Africa, Water Resour. Res., 44

  17. The Rise of China in Sub-Saharan Africa: its Ambiguous Economic Alice N. Sindzingre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    that are associated with such dependence, especially in oil- exporting countries. Chinese investment, however- Saharan Africa to China and investment by Chinese firms in Sub-Saharan Africa. Unlike the `traditional trade, aid and investment, which may create `lock-in' effects. China's trade and investment focus

  18. NORWAY-SOUTH AFRICA RESEARCH PROJECT TPCP/CTHB STUDENTS VISIT NORWAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NORWAY-SOUTH AFRICA RESEARCH PROJECT TPCP/CTHB STUDENTS VISIT NORWAY Recently two masters' students of visiting Norway to work with the Norwegian Forestry Research Institute (Skogforsk) in Ă?s. This opportunity arose from a bilateral agreement between the Governments of Norway and South Africa. For Gilbert

  19. DETERMINATION, CONTROL AND IMPROVEMENT OF AN SKA RADIO ENVIRONMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellingson, Steven W.

    DETERMINATION, CONTROL AND IMPROVEMENT OF AN SKA RADIO ENVIRONMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA By Neël Smuts1 ABSTRACT South Africa, in its bid to host the SKA2 , has adopted a dual approach to determine, assess Recommendations and Resolutions and South African legal provisions. An overview of this process is provided. Even

  20. Renewable Energy Industry in South Africa: Opportunities for Partnership and Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Renewable Energy Industry in South Africa: Opportunities for Partnership and Collaboration Renewable Energy in South Africa September 23, 2013 11:30 a.m. ­ 12:30 p.m, Engineering East 303C@fau.edu FAU's Division of Research and Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center invite you

  1. First Announcement Integrated Soil Fertility Management in Africa: From Microbes to Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    resources in the management of soil fertility and land quality and the commercialization and adoption of newFirst Announcement Integrated Soil Fertility Management in Africa: From Microbes to Markets (ISFM management strategies benefiting small-scale agriculture in Africa. This conference assembles the strengths

  2. Power and Poverty: The Dilemma of NGO-Supported Development in Africa from a Danish Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Power and Poverty: The Dilemma of NGO-Supported Development in Africa from a Danish Perspective of people in Sub-Saharan Africa still lives and dies in poverty. With a public image determined by disasters of the many factors, powers and interests from micro- to mega-level that maintain the poverty and oppression

  3. OPEN DISTANCE INTER-UNIVERSITY SYNERGIES BETWEEN EUROPE, AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    621 OPEN DISTANCE INTER-UNIVERSITY SYNERGIES BETWEEN EUROPE, AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST (ODISEAME and Middle East) is a project related to the fifth sector of application of the EUMEDIS initiative (Euro AND GOALS OF THE PROJECT ODISEAME (Open Distance Inter-university Synergies between Europe, Africa

  4. OPEN DISTANCE INTER-UNIVERSITY SYNERGIES BETWEEN EUROPE, AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    621 OPEN DISTANCE INTER-UNIVERSITY SYNERGIES BETWEEN EUROPE, AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST (ODISEAME-university Synergies between Europe, Africa and Middle East) is a project related to the fifth sector of application and the Middle East (ODISEAME). Sixth International Conference on Computer Based Learning in Science, CBLIS 2003

  5. The age of the martian meteorite Northwest Africa 1195 and the differentiation history of the shergottites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Symes, S; Borg, L; Shearer, C; Irving, A

    2007-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Samarium-neodymium isotopic analyses of unleached and acid-leached mineral fractions from the recently identified olivine-bearing shergottite Northwest Africa 1195 yield a crystallization age of 348 {+-} 19 Ma and an {var_epsilon}{sub Nd}{sup 143} value of +40.1 {+-} 1.3. Maskelynite fractions do not lie on the Sm-Nd isochron and appear to contain a martian surface component with low {sup 147}Sm/{sup 144}Nd and {sup 143}Nd/{sup 144}Nd ratios that was added during shock. The Rb-Sr system is disturbed and does not yield an isochron. Terrestrial Sr appears to have affected all of the mineral fractions, although a maximum initial {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr ratio of 0.701614 {+-} 16 is estimated by passing a 348 Ma reference isochron through the maskelynite fraction that is least affected by contamination. The high initial {var_epsilon}{sub Nd}{sup 143} value and the low initial {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr ratio, combined with the geologically young crystallization age, indicate that Northwest Africa 1195 is derived from a source region characterized by a long-term incompatible element depletion. The age and initial Sr and Nd isotopic compositions of Northwest Africa 1195 are very similar to those of Queen Alexandra Range 94201, indicating these samples were derived from source regions with nearly identical Sr-Nd isotopic systematics. These similarities suggest that these two meteorites share a close petrogenetic relationship and might have been erupted from a common volcano. The meteorites Yamato 980459, Dar al Gani 476, Sayh al Uhaymir 005/008, and Dhofar 019 also have relatively old ages between 474-575 Ma and trace element and/or isotopic systematics that are indicative of derivation from incompatible-element-depleted sources. This suggests that the oldest group of meteorites is more closely related to one another than they are to the younger meteorites that are derived from less incompatible-element-depleted sources. Closed-system fractional crystallization of this suite of meteorites is modeled with the MELTS algorithm using the bulk composition of Yamato 980459 as a parent. These models reproduce many of the major element and mineralogical variations observed in the suite. In addition, the rare-earth element systematics of these meteorites are reproduced by fractional crystallization using the proportions of phases and extents of crystallization that are calculated by MELTS. The combined effects of source composition and fractional crystallization are therefore likely to account for the major element, trace element, and isotopic diversity of all shergottites. Thus, assimilation of a martian crustal component is not required to explain the geochemical diversity of the shergottites.

  6. Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya By Katherine Deaton Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power in Kenya by Katherine Steel Submitted to the Engineering Systems Division

  7. Recent Strikes in South Africa's Platinum-Group Metal Mines--Effects Upon World Platinum-Group Metal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    Recent Strikes in South Africa's Platinum-Group Metal Mines--Effects Upon World Platinum.J., 2012, Recent strikes in South Africa's platinum-group metal mines--Effects upon world platinum........................................................................................................................................................... 5 Figures 1. Maps showing the (A) distribution and (B) geology of South Africa's platinum

  8. Fusarium ananatum sp. nov. in the Gibberella fujikuroi species complex from pineapples with fruit rot in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    rot in South Africa Adriaana JACOBSa, *, Pieter Schalk VAN WYKb , Walter F. O. MARASASc , Brenda D, Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa b Soygro, PO Box 457, Hartswater, South Africa c Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI

  9. WORLDVIEW THEORY AND THE CONCEPTUALISATION OF SPACE Marc Schfer, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa, M.Schafer@ru.ac.za

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    , Grahamstown, South Africa, M.Schafer@ru.ac.za Introduction The aim of this paper and presentation is to shareMathematicsin South Africa for example, sees space and shape within a context of social experiences. One and representexperienceswithshape,space,timeand motion, using all available senses" (Republic of South Africa, 1997). This apparent

  10. Earthquake Rupture at Focal Depth, Part I: Structure and Rupture of the Pretorius Fault, TauTona Mine, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ze'ev, Reches

    Tona Mine, South Africa V. HEESAKKERS,1,2 S. MURPHY,1,3 and Z. RECHES 1 Abstract--We analyze the structure of the Archaean Pretorius fault in TauTona mine, South Africa, as well as the rupture-zone that recently, South Africa 2011, this volume). Key words: Brittle faulting, fault reactivation, earthquake mechanics

  11. India and South Africa: comparisons, confluences, contrasts October 5th-6th 2012 Anatomy Museum, King's College London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    India and South Africa: comparisons, confluences, contrasts October 5th-6th 2012 Anatomy Museum/Coffee (Green Room) 11.30-1.00 `English in India and South Africa: comparisons, commonalities, contrasts.30-11.00 `Race and Caste in South Africa: allegories, alibis and analogues': Isabel Hofmeyr (University

  12. Towards evaluating the map literacy of planners in 2D maps and 3D models in South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    �öltekin, Arzu

    1 Towards evaluating the map literacy of planners in 2D maps and 3D models in South Africa, Department of Geography, Geoinformatics and Metereology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa 2 GIScience Center, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. Abstract South Africa is faced

  13. A jet streak circulation associated with a low-latitude jet in the Southern Hemisphere over Africa.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Sharon E.

    A jet streak circulation associated with a low-latitude jet in the Southern Hemisphere over Africa 2007 #12;2 Abstract In the Southern Hemisphere over Africa a mid-tropospheric easterly jet stream exists during some months that is analogous to the African Easterly Jet over West Africa. In this note

  14. Evaluating Berea Sandstone reservoirs in eastern Ashland County, Ohio

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hillebrand, L.B.; Coogan, A.H.

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Berea Sandstone is a principal oil and gas reservoir in eastern Ashland County. It is stratigraphically situated above the red and gray Bedford shales and below the black Sunbury shale member of the Cuyahoga Formation, all of which are Late Devonian or Early Mississippian in age. In the study area, the Berea Sandstone is found at depths between 400 and 800 ft. It outcrops in an arcuate band to the north and west of the county. Geophysical logs indicate the reservoir capacity of the Berea is between 8 and 22%, with an average porosity of 15%. Generally, the Berea is a loosely cemented, gray to buff quartzose sandstone with few accessory minerals. The cement may be calcite, silica, or minor ferruginous materials. The reservoir geometry in eastern Ashland County is peculiar because these sands thin and thicken within relatively short distances. The long-standing explanation for this phenomenon is that these sands were deposited in incised river channels that had downcut through the Bedford shales as a result of isolated uplift in north-central Ohio. Recent subsurface mapping in this area shows that the continuity of these channels may be challenged. Also, well-ticket data indicate that red shale occurs above the Berea sands. This occurrence and the soft-sediment deformation between the Bedford Shale and Berea Sandstone indicate that these units were deposited contemporaneously rather than as two separate events.

  15. Evaluation of the eastern gas shales in Pennsylvania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To evaluate the potential of the Devonian shale as a source of natural gas, the US Department of Energy (DOE) has undertaken the Eastern Gas Shales Project (EGSP). The EGSP is designed not only to identify the resource, but also to test improved methods of inducing permeability to facilitate gas drainage, collection, and production. The ultimate goal of this project is to increase the production of gas from the eastern shales through advanced exploration and exploitation techniques. The purpose of this report is to inform the general public and interested oil and gas operators about EGSP results as they pertain to the Devonian gas shales of the Appalachian basin in Pennsylvania. Geologic data and interpretations are summarized and areas where the accumulation of gas may be large enough to justify commercial production are outlined. Because the data presented in this report are generalized and not suitable for evaluation of specific sites for exploration, the reader should consult the various reports cited for more detail and discussion of the data, concepts, and interpretations presented.

  16. VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF WATER RESOURCES SYSTEMS IN THE EASTERN NILE BASIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF WATER RESOURCES SYSTEMS IN THE EASTERN NILE BASIN TO ENVIRONMENTAL Resources VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF WATER RESOURCES SYSTEMS IN THE EASTERN NILE BASIN TO ENVIRONMENTAL Resources Institute of African Research and Studies, Cairo University For the Degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE

  17. Mycoscience 41: 595--606, 2000 New Leptographium species from Indonesia and Eastern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mycoscience 41: 595--606, 2000 595 New Leptographium species from Indonesia and Eastern North from pine infested with an Ips sp. in Indonesia. In addition, two unknown species have been collected that the isolates from Indonesia and those from Eastern North America represent three previously un described taxa

  18. THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF LABOUR MARKET POLICIES IN WESTERN AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galis, Frietson

    THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF LABOUR MARKET POLICIES IN WESTERN AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES OLAF VAN, which is a key element of the flexicurity model. Building on the political economy literature, we test in the political economy literature, but hardly for Eastern European countries, because of a lack of data. We

  19. International Symposium on Eastern Mediterranean Geology Thessaloniki, Greece, 14-20 April 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    5th International Symposium on Eastern Mediterranean Geology Thessaloniki, Greece, 14-20 April 2004 of Athens, Lofos Nymfon 1, 11810 Athens, Greece, esokos@gein.noa.gr 2 Charles University, Prague, KG MFF UK;5th International Symposium on Eastern Mediterranean Geology Thessaloniki, Greece, 14-20 April 2004

  20. Ciguatera in the Eastern Caribbean DAVID A. OLSEN, DAVID W. NELLIS, and RICHARD S. WOOD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciguatera in the Eastern Caribbean DAVID A. OLSEN, DAVID W. NELLIS, and RICHARD S. WOOD a feature of human use of Caribbean marine resources since pre-Columbian times (Price, 1966). Resource use patterns by the Carib and Arawak Indians who inhab- ited the eastern Caribbean would indi- cate that they

  1. Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe Vienna University of Technology I Energiepark Bruck/Leitha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szmolyan, Peter

    Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe CONTINUING EDUCATION CENTER Vienna University on the consumption of energy. However, this system is currently not sustainable. Renewable energy sources as well. The objective of the postgraduate MSc Program "Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe" is, to contribute

  2. Late Pleistocene Environmental Change in Eastern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego A Limnogeological Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    11 Late Pleistocene Environmental Change in Eastern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego, sedimentological and geochemical results from several lacustrine basins in eastern Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego of the audacious De Geer's students was Carl Caldenius, who went to Patagonia and ­ as mentioned in several

  3. Biogeography, ecoregions, and geomorphology affect fish species composition in streams of eastern Oklahoma, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marston, Richard A.

    Oklahoma, USA Daniel C. Dauwalter & Dale K. Splinter & William L. Fisher & Richard A. Marston Received: 8 and stream habitat, influenced fish species composition (presence­absence) in eastern Oklahoma, USA relative ecoregions in eastern Oklahoma. Partial canonical correspondence analyses (pCCAs) and variance partitioning

  4. Petrology and Petrography of Ely Limestone in Part of Eastern Great Basin*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    Petrology and Petrography of Ely Limestone in Part of Eastern Great Basin* YAZDAN MOLLAZAL Tehran petrology and petrography in three areas in the eastern Great Basin. Results are as follows: (1) At Moorman ..............................Ely Limestone 7 Carbonate petrology and ......................................petrography 8

  5. Neoproterozoic tectonothermal evolution of the Central Eastern Desert, Egypt: a slow velocity tectonic process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Harald

    Neoproterozoic tectonothermal evolution of the Central Eastern Desert, Egypt: a slow velocity, University of Assiut, Egypt Received 10 January 2001; received in revised form 24 October 2001; accepted 25 in the Central Eastern Desert of Egypt is constraint by 40 Ar/39 Ar ages of hornblende and muscovite from Meatiq

  6. Where is the North ChinaSouth China block boundary in eastern China?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Where is the North China­South China block boundary in eastern China? Michel Faure, Wei Lin of the North China and South China blocks. The eastern extension of the belt (the Sulu area) consists and the lack of ocean-basin rock shows that the boundary between the North China block and South China block

  7. Central and Eastern United States (CEUS) Seismic Source Characterization (SSC) for Nuclear Facilities Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin J. Coppersmith; Lawrence A. Salomone; Chris W. Fuller; Laura L. Glaser; Kathryn L. Hanson; Ross D. Hartleb; William R. Lettis; Scott C. Lindvall; Stephen M. McDuffie; Robin K. McGuire; Gerry L. Stirewalt; Gabriel R. Toro; Robert R. Youngs; David L. Slayter; Serkan B. Bozkurt; Randolph J. Cumbest; Valentina Montaldo Falero; Roseanne C. Perman' Allison M. Shumway; Frank H. Syms; Martitia (Tish) P. Tuttle [Tish

    2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a new seismic source characterization (SSC) model for the Central and Eastern United States (CEUS). It will replace the Seismic Hazard Methodology for the Central and Eastern United States, EPRI Report NP-4726 (July 1986) and the Seismic Hazard Characterization of 69 Nuclear Plant Sites East of the Rocky Mountains, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Model, (Bernreuter et al., 1989). The objective of the CEUS SSC Project is to develop a new seismic source model for the CEUS using a Senior Seismic Hazard Analysis Committee (SSHAC) Level 3 assessment process. The goal of the SSHAC process is to represent the center, body, and range of technically defensible interpretations of the available data, models, and methods. Input to a probabilistic seismic hazard analysis (PSHA) consists of both seismic source characterization and ground motion characterization. These two components are used to calculate probabilistic hazard results (or seismic hazard curves) at a particular site. This report provides a new seismic source model. Results and Findings The product of this report is a regional CEUS SSC model. This model includes consideration of an updated database, full assessment and incorporation of uncertainties, and the range of diverse technical interpretations from the larger technical community. The SSC model will be widely applicable to the entire CEUS, so this project uses a ground motion model that includes generic variations to allow for a range of representative site conditions (deep soil, shallow soil, hard rock). Hazard and sensitivity calculations were conducted at seven test sites representative of different CEUS hazard environments. Challenges and Objectives The regional CEUS SSC model will be of value to readers who are involved in PSHA work, and who wish to use an updated SSC model. This model is based on a comprehensive and traceable process, in accordance with SSHAC guidelines in NUREG/CR-6372, Recommendations for Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis: Guidance on Uncertainty and Use of Experts. The model will be used to assess the present-day composite distribution for seismic sources along with their characterization in the CEUS and uncertainty. In addition, this model is in a form suitable for use in PSHA evaluations for regulatory activities, such as Early Site Permit (ESPs) and Combined Operating License Applications (COLAs). Applications, Values, and Use Development of a regional CEUS seismic source model will provide value to those who (1) have submitted an ESP or COLA for Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) review before 2011; (2) will submit an ESP or COLA for NRC review after 2011; (3) must respond to safety issues resulting from NRC Generic Issue 199 (GI-199) for existing plants and (4) will prepare PSHAs to meet design and periodic review requirements for current and future nuclear facilities. This work replaces a previous study performed approximately 25 years ago. Since that study was completed, substantial work has been done to improve the understanding of seismic sources and their characterization in the CEUS. Thus, a new regional SSC model provides a consistent, stable basis for computing PSHA for a future time span. Use of a new SSC model reduces the risk of delays in new plant licensing due to more conservative interpretations in the existing and future literature. Perspective The purpose of this study, jointly sponsored by EPRI, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the NRC was to develop a new CEUS SSC model. The team assembled to accomplish this purpose was composed of distinguished subject matter experts from industry, government, and academia. The resulting model is unique, and because this project has solicited input from the present-day larger technical community, it is not likely that there will be a need for significant revision for a number of years. See also Sponsors Perspective for more details. The goal of this project was to implement the CEUS SSC work plan for developing a regional CEUS SSC model. The work plan, formulated by the project manager and a

  8. A retrospective study of ecosystem effects of the 1976/77 regime shift in the eastern Pacific warm pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vilchis, L. Ignacio

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    T.P. , 2001. On the Pacific Ocean regime shift. Geophysicaltuna in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Inter-Amer. Trop. Tunatuna in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Inter-Amer. Trop. Tuna

  9. A Comparison of the Effects of Petroleum Substances on the Settlement of the Eastern Oyster, Crassostrea virginica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsept, Karen Sue

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In Galveston Bay, Texas, the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, is found throughout the bay both intertidal along mudflats and subtidal where their self-built reefs extend vertically deeper. The eastern oyster is an important ecological...

  10. Enhanced ULF electromagnetic activity detected by DEMETER above seismogenic regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Athanasiou, M; David, C; Anagnostopoulos, G

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we present results of a comparison between ultra low frequency (ULF) electromagnetic (EM) radiation, recorded by an electric field instrument (ICE) onboard the satellite DEMETER in the topside ionosphere, and the seismicity of regions with high and lower seiismic activity. In particular we evaluated the energy variations of the ULF Ez-electric field component during a period of four years (2006-2009), in order to examine check the possible relation of ULF EM radiation with seismogenic regions located in central America, Indonesia, Eastern Mediterranean Basin and Greece. As a tool of evaluating the ULF Ez energy variations we used Singular Spectrum Analysis (SSA) techniques. The results of our analysis clearly show a significant increase of the ULF EM energy emmited from regions of highest seismic activity at the tectonic plates boundaries. We interpret these results as suggesting that the highest ULF EM energy detected in the topside ionosphere is originated from seismic processes within Earth's...

  11. Geochemistry of formation waters from the Lower Silurian Clinton Formation (Albion Sandstone), eastern Ohio

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanders, L.L. (Illinois Univ., Chicago (United States))

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Waters of the petroleum-bearing Clinton formation (Albion Sandstone) of eastern Ohio are highly concentrated brines with average total dissolved solids (TDS) of 250,000 ppm. Sodium, calcium, and chloride account for 97% of the TDS. Distribution of divalent metal chlorides (MCl{sub 2}) allows inference of an up-dip paleoflow direction, although present-day flow is probably down-dip paleoflow direction, although present-day flow is probably down-dip. Solute distribution may have been emplaced during early basin development; it thus provides a snapshot of paleoflow. Formation structure alone can not explain MCl{sub 2} trends; they probably also are controlled by regional variation in salt thickness. Major constituent data do not indicate that membrane filtration affected the waters. High bromide content (mean = 1,860 ppm) of the water indicates that they originated from evaporating seawater. They probably are related genetically to the Salina evaporite group. Calculations show that several subsequent diagenetic reactions can account for the observed major ion composition. Recrystallization of aragonite and dolomitization of calcite probably occurred as the waters moved through the big Lime and/or the Packer Shell carbonates. Cation exchange and chlorite formation probably altered water composition during interaction with shales of the Cabot Head formation and within the Clinton. Minor constituents of the waters appear to be controlled by reactions with clays.

  12. Patterns of Practice of Palliative Radiotherapy in Africa, Part 1: Bone and Brain Metastases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharma, Vinay [Johannesburg Hospital, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (South Africa)], E-mail: sharmav@medicine.wits.ac.za; Gaye, Papa Macoumba M.Med. [Institut Curie, Hopital Aristide le Dentec, Univesite Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar, Dakar (Senegal); Wahab, Sherif Abdel [Ain Shams University, Abbasia, Cairo (Egypt); Ndlovu, Ntokozo [Medical School, Radiotherapy Centre, Harare (Zimbabwe); Ngoma, Twalib [Ocean Road Hospital, Ocean Road Cancer Institute, Dar Es Salaam (Tanzania); Vanderpuye, Verna [Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra (Ghana); Sowunmi, Anthonia [Teaching Hospital, University of Lagos, Surulere, Lagos (Nigeria); Kigula-Mugambe, Joseph [Radiotherapy Department, Makerere University, Kampala (Uganda); Jeremic, Branislav [International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)

    2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To provide data on the pattern of practice of palliative radiotherapy (RT) on the African continent. Methods and Materials: A questionnaire was distributed to participants in a regional training course of the International Atomic Energy Agency in palliative cancer care and sent by e-mail to other institutions in Africa. Requested information included both infrastructure and human resources available and the pattern of RT practice for metastatic and locally advanced cancers. Results: Of 35 centers contacted, 24 (68%) completed the questionnaire. Although RT is used by most centers for most metastatic cancers, liver and lung metastases are treated with chemotherapy. Of 23 centers, 14 (61%) had a single RT regimen as an institutional policy for treating painful bone metastases, but only 5 centers (23%) of 23 used 8 Gy in 1 fraction. Brain metastases were being treated by RT to the whole brain to 30 Gy in 10 fractions, either exclusively (n = 13, 56%) or in addition to the use of 20 Gy in 5 fractions (n = 3, 14%). Conclusion: Radiotherapy is a major component of treatment of cancer patients in African countries. There is consensus among few centers for treatment schedules for almost all sites regarding time and dose-fractionation characteristics of RT regimens used and/or indications for the use of RT in this setting.

  13. Fault Process and Broadband Ground-Motion Simulations of the 23 October 2011 Van (Eastern Turkey) Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Fault Process and Broadband Ground-Motion Simulations of the 23 October 2011 Van (Eastern Turkey Abstract On 23 October 2011 an Mw 7.1 earthquake occurred in eastern Turkey, close to the towns of Van.1 Van earthquake occurred on 23 October 2011 in eastern Turkey, close to the towns of Van and Erci

  14. The Relative Abundance of the Juvenile Phase of the Eastern Red-Spotted Newt at Harvard Forest Prior to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    a great percentage of Eastern Hemlock's range via a number of dispersal agents including wind, birds, deer cause mortality in all age classes of Eastern Hemlock within 4­10 years of infestation (McClure 1991). In central Massachusetts, cold winter temperatures have slowed mortality of Eastern Hemlock in infested

  15. Dupont-Nivet, G., Sier, M., Campisano, C.J., Arrowsmith, J R., DiMaggio, E., Reed, K., Lockwood, C., Franke, C., and Hsing, S., 2008, Magnetostratigraphy of the eastern Hadar Basin (Ledi-Geraru research area, Ethiopia) and implications for hominin paleoen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    -Geraru research area, Ethiopia) and implications for hominin paleoenvironments, in Quade, J., and Wynn, J.G., eds Magnetostratigraphy of the eastern Hadar Basin (Ledi-Geraru research area, Ethiopia) and implications for hominin and climatic context. The Plio- cene Hadar Basin in the Afar region of northern Ethiopia (Fig. 1) includes some

  16. Assessing the performance of SIA in the EIA context: A case study of South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pisani, Jacobus A. du [School of Social and Government Studies, North-West University, Potchefstroom, P.O. Box 19772, 2522 Noordbrug (South Africa)]. E-mail: gskjadp@puk.ac.za; Sandham, Luke A. [School of Environmental Sciences and Development, North-West University, Potchefstroom (South Africa)

    2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This article, a theoretical perspective based on a literature study, is a critical evaluation of SIA as part of the EIA process in South Africa against the background of international guidelines and best practices. It includes sections on the historical background of the development of SIA in South Africa, the legal status and requirements of SIA in the country, and a critical evaluation of SIA regulation in South Africa. The conclusion reached in the article is that the persistent problems of SIA practice, experienced in other parts of the world, are also evident in South Africa. Apart from institutional, financial and professional constraints, there are also serious problems associated with approach and methods. This conclusion confirms the findings of empirical studies that SIA in South Africa is neglected, that the practice of SIA in South Africa is not yet on a sound footing, and that it does not receive the professional attention it deserves in a country beset by enormous social challenges. To conclude the article recommendations are made to improve the level of SIA practice in South Africa, and the possible significance of this national case study for international practice is indicated.

  17. Eastern Seaboard Electric Grid Fragility Maps Supporting Persistent Availability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, Kimberly A [ORNL; Weigand, Gilbert G [ORNL; Fernandez, Steven J [ORNL

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Persistently available power transmission can be disrupted by weather causing power outages with economic and social consequences. This research investigated the effects on the national power grid from a specific weather event, Hurricane Irene, that caused approximately 5.7 million customer power outages along the Eastern Seaboard in August of 2011. The objective was to describe the geographic differences in the grid s vulnerability to these events. Individual factors, such as wind speed or precipitation, were correlated with the number of outages to determine the greatest mechanism of power failure in hopes of strengthening the future power grid. The resulting fragility maps not only depicted 18 counties that were less robust than the design-standard robustness model and three counties that were more robust, but also drew new damage contours with correlated wind speeds and county features.

  18. Microbial desulfurization of Eastern oil shale: Bioreactor studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maka, A.; Akin, C.; Punwani, D.V.; Lau, F.S.; Srivastava, V.J.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The removal of sulfur from Eastern oil shale (40 microns particle size) slurries in bioreactors by mixed microbial cultures was examined. A mixed culture that is able to remove the organic sulfur from model sulfur compounds presenting coal as well as a mixed culture isolated from oil shale enrichments were evaluated. The cultures were grown in aerobic fed-batch bioreactors where the oil shale served as the source of all nutrients except organic carbon. Glucose was added as an auxiliary carbon source. Microbial growth was monitored by plate counts, the pH was checked periodically, and oil shale samples were analyzed for sulfur content. Results show a 24% reduction in the sulfur content of the oil shale after 14 days. The settling characteristics of the oil shale in the bioreactors were examined in the presence of the microbes. Also, the mixing characteristics of the oil shale in the bioreactors were examined. 10 refs., 6 figs., 5 tabs.

  19. Pressurized fluidized-bed hydroretorting of Eastern oil shales

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, M.J.; Mensinger, M.C.; Rue, D.M.; Lau, F.S. (Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)); Schultz, C.W. (Alabama Univ., University, AL (United States)); Parekh, B.K. (Kentucky Univ., Lexington, KY (United States)); Misra, M. (Nevada Univ., Reno, NV (United States)); Bonner, W.P. (Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States))

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Devonian oil shales of the Eastern United States are a significant domestic energy resource. The overall objective of the multi-year program, initiated in October 1987 by the US Department of Energy is to perform the research necessary to develop the Pressurized Fluidized-Bed Hydroretorting (PFH) process for producing oil from Eastern oil shales. The program also incorporates research on technologies in areas such as raw shale preparation, beneficiation, product separation, and waste disposal that have the potential of improving the economics and/or environmental acceptability of recovering oil from oil shales using the PFH process. The results of the original 3-year program, which was concluded in May 1991, have been summarized in a four-volume final report published by IGT. DOE subsequently approved a 1-year extension to the program to further develop the PFH process specifically for application to beneficiated shale as feedstock. Studies have shown that beneficiated shale is the preferred feedstock for pressurized hydroretorting. The program extension is divided into the following active tasks. Task 3. testing of process improvement concepts; Task 4. beneficiation research; Task 5. operation of PFH on beneficiated shale; Task 6. environmental data and mitigation analyses; Task 7. sample procurement, preparation, and characterization; and Task 8. project management and reporting. In order to accomplish all the program objectives, the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT), the prime contractor, worked with four other institutions: the University of Alabama/Mineral Resources Institute (MRI), the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research (UK-CAER), the University of Nevada (UN) at Reno, and Tennessee Technological University (TTU). This report presents the work performed during the program extension from June 1, 1991 through May 31, 1992.

  20. SITN Regional Outreach Map

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Region States in Region Awardee(s) Location of Awardee(s) Contact(s) Northeast (Photovoltaics) CT * ME * MA * NH NY * RI * VT Hudson Valley Community College Troy, NY Richard...

  1. Environmental impact assessment practices in the sub-Saharan Africa: cases from Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ngunjiri, P.G.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim for this research is to review environmental impact assessment (EIA) practices in sub-Saharan Africa, drawing upon appropriate theoretical and methodological work on EIA. This study uses a comparative evaluation method to examine the extent of environmental impact assessment (EIA) in project analysis. It uses site and services low cost housing projects from Kenya. The research has three major components: (1) review of environmental practice in Sub-Saharan Africa through literature review and case studies; (2) review of general literature on EIA as practiced by international agencies and developed countries; and (3) formulation of more suitable guidelines for EIA procedures in Sub-Saharan Africa.

  2. Ultracompact HII Regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stan Kurtz; Jose Franco

    2001-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We review some recent observational results on the properties of ultracompact HII regions, in particular the presence of extended continuum emission surrounding ultracompact sources and the discovery of a new class of so-called ``Hypercompact'' HII regions. In addition, we discuss recent attempts to probe the density structure within UC HII regions using the technique of spectral index analysis.

  3. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.C.

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,839,817 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1985, a decrease of 3% from the 1,896,446 km/sup 2/ held at the end of 1984. This decrease mainly is due to significant relinquishments made in Algeria, Egypt, and Tunisia. Morocco, however, had an increase of 18,087 km/sup 2/. Oil discoveries were reported in Algeria (possibly 5), Libya (at least 2), and Egypt (16). Only 1 gas find was made (in Morocco). According to sparse information, development drilling may have decreased markedly during 1985. Oil and condensate production increased by 3.1% to approximately 3,054,000 b/d compared to about 2,963,400 b/d in 1984. No statistics are currently available on gas production in North Africa. 8 figures, 27 tables.

  4. Re: Affordable Textbooks, Fall Semester Update In a message dated 10/28/2010 10:28:50 A.M. Eastern Daylight Time, nicole@studentpirgs.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garfunkel, Eric

    .M. Eastern Daylight Time, nicole@studentpirgs.org writes: Hi everyone, There have been some exciting

  5. EU, CHINA AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE IN AFRICA A case study from timber industry in Gabon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 EU, CHINA AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE IN AFRICA A case study from timber industry: .....................................................................................................................................................2 Part I: The EU, China and the external environmental dimension....................................................................3 1.1 China as a competitor normative power in the environmental sector

  6. Cell-Phones and Spears: Indigenous Cultural Transition Within the Maasai of East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summitt, April R.

    2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Maasai of East Africa are excellent examples of Indigenous culture in transition. In spite of pressure from the outside, Maasai currently maintain their cultural identity to choose which parts of western culture and ...

  7. Geological and thermochronological evolution of the lower crust of southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmitz, Mark D. (Mark David), 1972-

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geochronological, thermochronological and isotopic studies of kimberlite-borne crustal xenoliths have been used to elucidate the architecture and thermal evolution of the continental lithosphere of southern Africa. U-Pb ...

  8. Power transmission investment analysis: a new financial Evaluation framework for South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maboke, Silky Ntombifuthi; Kachienga, Michael Ogembo

    2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A proposed framework for power transmission expansion projects in South Africa incorporates the modeling of project options and uncertainties, Monte Carlo simulations, real option analysis, and decision analysis, based on a foundation of strategic analysis. (author)

  9. Rural development in practice? The experience of the ‡Khomani bushmen in the Northern Cape, South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, Julie

    2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis analyses the dynamics, complexities and numerous obstacles that serve to constrain rural development within the ‡Khomani Community of the Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Following the end of Apartheid, ...

  10. Environmental Entanglements: The Intersectionality of Youth Participation in an Eco-Schools Club in South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Sertanya

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Youth participation in environmental issues tends to be unquestionably accepted simply as something ‘good’. This research takes a step back to critically explore youth participation in an Eco-Schools club in a girls’ high school in South Africa...

  11. Comrades still struggling: class, nationalism and the Tripartite Alliance in post-apartheid South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beresford, Alexander Roy

    2011-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the trajectories of class politics in post-apartheid South Africa. It investigates whether we can witness South African politics entering into a post-nationalist era characterised by the increasing salience of class struggles...

  12. The "Out of Africa" Hypothesis, Human Genetic Diversity, and Comparative Economic Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashraf, Quamrul

    2012-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This research advances and empirically establishes the hypothesis that, in the course of the prehistoric exodus of Homo sapiens out of Africa, variation in migratory distance to various settlements across the globe affected ...

  13. Author / Computing, 2000, Vol. 0, Issue 0, 1-2 Digital Storytelling in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    Author / Computing, 2000, Vol. 0, Issue 0, 1-2 1 Digital Storytelling in Africa Gary Marsden1) , llda Ladeira1) , Thomas Reitmaier1) , Nicola J Bidwell2) Edwin Blake 1) 1) Department of Computer

  14. Mediterraneitŕ and modernitŕ : architecture and culture during the period of Italian colonization of North Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLaren, Brian L. (Brian Lloyd), 1958-

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the intersection of the modern and the colonial in architecture and culture during the period of Italian colonization of North Africa from 1911 to 1943. Rather than see the colonies as merely a ...

  15. ForPeerReview Petrology of the Nakhlite (Martian) Meteorite Northwest Africa 998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treiman, Allan H.

    ForPeerReview Only Petrology of the Nakhlite (Martian) Meteorite Northwest Africa 998 Journal of Washington, Earth System Sciences Keywords: nakhlite, Martian , NWA 998, petrology Petrology of the Nakhlite (Martian) Meteorite

  16. Solar capabilities : promoting, technological learning in South Africa's photovoltaic supply industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Janelle N., 1978-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I explore the mechanisms through which technological capabilities have been built in the market for photovoltaic (PV) module and balance of system (BOS) manufacture in South Africa. Drawing on the literature on technology ...

  17. The tobacco industry's activities to undermine tobacco control efforts in Egypt and North Africa, Arabic version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2025048141. PM 2025048147. Egypt Law 52. 13 November 1981.Type A priorities for Egypt, North Africa and Sub-SaharanPM 2501066214. PM 2025840642. Egypt Area V5-Year Plan, 1981–

  18. Characterization of novel rice germplasm from West Africa and genetic marker associations with rice cooking quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traore, Karim

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Genetic resource enhancement is the foundation of any good breeding program. Landraces from West Africa, interspecifics between Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima and improved lines from the West African Rice Development Association and other...

  19. A planning paradigm for electrification in Sub-Saharan Africa : a case study of Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimson, Sarah

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In Sub-Saharan Africa, a lack of clean electricity generation sources, poor electricity access and low levels of electricity consumption are profoundly stifling sustainable development. This thesis presents a specialized ...

  20. Precambrian Research xxx (2006) xxxxxx Anorthosites in the Eastern Granulites of Tanzania--New SIMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Harald

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Precambrian Research xxx (2006) xxx­xxx Anorthosites in the Eastern Granulites of Tanzania Research xxx (2006) xxx­xxx Table 1 Overview of age data from recent literature for East African and some

  1. Building skills : a construction trades training facility for the eastern Canadian Arctic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roszler, Sarah Katherine, 1977-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On April 1, 1999, the Inuit of the Eastern Canadian Arctic achieved sovereignty over a new territory, Nunavut, envisioning economic self-reliance, political self-determination, and renewal of confidence in Inuit community. ...

  2. Population dynamics of eastern wild turkeys relocated into the post oak savannah of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Roel Roberto

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Objectives of this study were to provide information on the status of eastern wild turkeys (meleagris gallopavo silvestris) relocated into the Post Oak Savannah of Texas. Specifically, I evaluated and discussed (1) survival and reproduction, (2...

  3. An evaluation of efforts to reestablish eastern wild turkeys into the Post Oak Savannah of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petty, Blake Douglas

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall objective of this study was to summarize the cumulative results of 5 studies focusing on efforts to reestablish eastern wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo silvestris) into the Post Oak Savannah of Texas and to evaluate the effectiveness...

  4. INTEGRITY OF SCHOOLS OF SKIPJACK TUNA, KATSUWONUS PELAMIS, IN THE EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTEGRITY OF SCHOOLS OF SKIPJACK TUNA, KATSUWONUS PELAMIS, IN THE EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN Pacific yellowfin [(Thunnus albacares)] and the Pac.ific-wide skipjack [(KatS'Uwonus pelamis

  5. Tectono-metamorphic evolution of the Wadi Hafafit Culmination (central Eastern Desert, Egypt). Implication for Neoproterozoic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siebel, Wolfgang

    Tectono-metamorphic evolution of the Wadi Hafafit Culmination (central Eastern Desert, Egypt.O. 530 El-Maadi, Cairo, Egypt Institut für Geowissenschaften, Universität Tübingen Sigwartstr. 10, D

  6. Sites with Holocene dung deposits in the Eastern Desert of Egypt: Visited by herders?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marinova, Elena

    Sites with Holocene dung deposits in the Eastern Desert of Egypt: Visited by herders? V. Linseele a by the Belgian Middle Egypt Prehistoric Project of Leuven University under the direction of P.M. Vermeersch

  7. The onset of 1982/83 summer monsoon over southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garanganga, Bradwell J.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1989 Major Subject: Meteorology THE ONSET OF 1982/83 SUMMER MONSOON OVER SOUTHERN AFRICA: A DIAGNOSTIC STUDY A THESIS by BRADWELL J. GARANGANGA Approved as to style and content by: Steven W. L ns (Chair of Committee...) James P. McGuirk (Member) ubrey L. Anderson (Member) James R. Scoggins (Head of Department) December 1989 ABSTRACT The Onset Oi' 1982/83 Summer Monsoon Over Southern Africa, : A Diagnostic Study. (December 1989) Bradwell J. Gsranganga, B. S...

  8. The potential for commercial use of wildlife in some North-Eastern Tuli Block farms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nchunga, Mushanana Lawrence

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE POTENTIAL FOR COMMERCIAL USE OF WILDLIFE IN SOME NORTH ? EASTERN TULI BLOCK FARMS A Thesis by Mushanana Lawrence Nchunga Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1978 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences THE POTENTIAL FOR COMMERCIAL USE OF WILDLIFE IN SOME NORTH-EASTERN TULI BLOCK FARMS A Thesis Mushanana Lawrence Nchunga A proved as to style and content by: ) (Chairman...

  9. Paleoceanographic interpretations of the Pleistocene sediments from the Eastern Equatorial Pacific-ODP Hole 677B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Yee-Hwa

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (CONTINUED) Page 91 91 VITA 95 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page Location of ODP Site 677 in the Panama Basin, south ol the Costa Rica Rift, Bathymetry of the Panama Basin and adjacent equatorial Pacific. 10 Major components of the surface circulation... in the eastern equalorial Pacific. 13 Distribution of the main surface water masses in the eastern Pacific Ocean. 14 5. Bottom water circulation in the Panama Basin. 6. Standard curve for calcium carbonate analysis. 16 22 Nannofossil biostratigraphy...

  10. The potential for commercial use of wildlife in some North-Eastern Tuli Block farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nchunga, Mushanana Lawrence

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE POTENTIAL FOR COMMERCIAL USE OF WILDLIFE IN SOME NORTH ? EASTERN TULI BLOCK FARMS A Thesis by Mushanana Lawrence Nchunga Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1978 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences THE POTENTIAL FOR COMMERCIAL USE OF WILDLIFE IN SOME NORTH-EASTERN TULI BLOCK FARMS A Thesis Mushanana Lawrence Nchunga A proved as to style and content by: ) (Chairman...

  11. Sub-surface dissolution of evaporites in the Eastern Mediterranean sea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camerlenghi, Angelo Alessandro

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SUB-SURFACE DISSOLUTION OF EVAPORITES IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN SEA A Thesis by ANGELO ALESSANDRO CAMERLENGHI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1988 Major Subject: Oceanography SUB-SURFACE DISSOLUTION OF EVAPORITES IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN SEA A Thesis by ANGELO ALESSANDRO CAMERLENGHI Approved as to style and content by: Pl&DWa~rg~~~ William R. Bryair...

  12. CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for...

  13. QUANTIFICATION OF GLACIER CHANGES USING ICESAT ELEVATION DATA AND THE SRTM DIGITAL ELEVATION MODEL IN THE WESTERN KARAKORAM HIMALAYA REGION Bibi S. Naz1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cherkauer, Keith

    QUANTIFICATION OF GLACIER CHANGES USING ICESAT ELEVATION DATA AND THE SRTM DIGITAL ELEVATION MODEL, 47907. Although notable rates of glacier retreat have been monitored across the Eastern Himalaya region in recent years, glacier changes in the Western Karakoram Himalaya are not well documented. Snowmelt from

  14. CEMI Western Regional Summit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Please Join Assistant Secretary of Energy Dr. David Danielson for the Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative's Western Regional Summit. Register now for this free event.

  15. THE STRATOSPHERETROPOSPHERE ANALYSES OF REGIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . During the arms race after World War II, several nations conducted atmospheric tests of nuclear weapons into the troposphere. However, radioactivity appeared in eastern North American food only days after weapons tests. It was thought these tests would be safe, in that most radioactive particles would fall out close to the test

  16. Tennessee gas field brings Eastern Overthrust new life

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petzet, G.A.

    1996-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Eastern US Overthrust Belt has gained an E and P company in its southern reaches while seeing de-emphasis from a long time player in more northerly areas. A gas field discovered in the early 1980s in northeastern Tennessee is nearly ready to be placed on production. It would be the first commercial gas production in the southern portion of the belt, which extends more than 1,000 miles from Alabama to New England. Tengasco has five wells capable of producing gas from Cambro-Ordovician Knox in Swan Creek field, southwest of Sneedville in Hancock County, Tenn., about 10 miles south of Lee County, Va. It hopes to drill five more wells by year-end. It began laying a 30--35 MMcfd, 23 mile, 6 in. gas pipeline to Rogersville, Tenn., early last month. Torch Inc., Belle Chasse, La., has the contract. Tengasco plans to start production later this year. Initially a gas utility in neighboring Hawkins County will take 8--9 MMcfd and transport any excess gas to Tenneco Energy affiliate East Tennessee Natural Gas Co. The primary production to date in Swan Creek field has been in a 300 ft section some 400--450 ft from the top of Knox. No water has been found.

  17. Eastern Gas Shales Project outgassing analysis. Special report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Streib, D.L.

    1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two methods are used on the Eastern Gas Shales Project to measure the gas volume of encapsulated shale samples. The direct method measures pressure and volume and is initiated almost immediately upon encapsulation of the sample. A second method measures pressure, volume, and composition, and is initiated after pressure is allowed to build up over several weeks. A combination of the two methods has been used on selected samples, and yields more data as it allows extrapolation to account for gas lost prior to encapsulation. The stratigraphic horizons, characterized by dark shales with high organic and high carbon content and a relatively high gamma ray intensity of 200+ API units also have high gas contents (relative to other units within the same well). The Lower Huron, Rhinestreet, and Marcellus Shales are high in gas content relative to other stratigraphic units at the same sites. The difference in gas content of the same stratigraphic horizon between well sites appears to be controlled by the thermal maturity. Kinetic studies have shown that, in some samples, significant amounts of gas are released after the time when the gas volume would be initially measured. Additional work needs to be performed to determine why the rates and volume of gas released vary between samples.

  18. Exploration in Jurassic of North Mafla, eastern Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kemmer, D.A.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploration in North Mafla focuses on general categories of prospects, potential reservoirs and their associated facies, and seismic modeling of available well control. Jurassic prospects in North Mafla can be classified into four general categories: (1) basement-related structures: (2) closures associated with the Pensacola-Destin peripheral fault trend, (3) salt anticlines, and (4) prospects associated with the interregional structural highs. Each of these categories can be related to documented, predictable, and repeated patterns of hydrocarbon accumulations in east Texas, north Louisiana, Mississippian, Alabama, and Florida. The primary objectives in North Mafla are the Jurassic Smackover carbonates and Norphlet sands at depths ranging rom 15,000 to 25,000 ft. Major gas accumulations in the Norphlet around Mobile Bay are separated from thicker sequences of Norphlet sands in the De Soto Salt basin by the offshore extension of the Pensacola arch. Seismic geometries suggest that Smackover high-energy carbonates may have been deposited on the crest of some of these thick Norphlet sands. Seismic modeling indicates that a high-amplitude, laterally continuous event associated with a Norphlet-Louann Salt contact is dependent on the presence of Pine Hill anhydrite member of the Louann Salt. In addition, seismic reflection geometries indicate that the Norphlet sandstone thickens from +/- 300 ft on the eastern flank of the Destin Dome to nearly 1000 ft nearby. Although drilling in the lightly explored Norch Mafla area has yielded few substantive results to date, the elements necessary for significant hydrocarbon accumulations are known to exist.

  19. Tectonic history and analysis of structures in eastern Kansas and western Missouri

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berendsen, P.; Wilson, F.W. (Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States). Kansas Geological Survey)

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Orogenic events in and around the midcontinent in Proterozoic time were responsible for the formation of the dominant master set of younger northeast- and older northwest-trending faults that dominate the structure of the area today. Reactivation of these faults throughout geologic time gave rise to tectonic zones consisting of sets of anastomosing faults or other complex patterns. These zones are likely important in helping to determine the configuration of major uplifts and basins that involve the crust. The Nemaha tectonic zone defines the western boundary of both the Forest City and Cherokee basins, while a structural block delineated by the Chesapeake and Bolivar-Mansfield regional faults coincides with the approximate position of the Bourbon Arch, which is reflected in the thickness of Mississippian carbonate rocks. Rocks of the Ozark uplift began to be uplifted by the end of Maquoketa time. The uplift has historically been described as a landform, rather than a geologic structure. Hence, the extent and the boundaries of the uplift are ill-defined. The northeast-trending line forming the contact between Mississippian and Pennsylvanian rocks is commonly regarded as the western boundary. This boundary coincides with a major tectonic zone, extending northeastward from Oklahoma through Kansas and Missouri into at least southern Iowa. In the Tri-State area of Kansas, Oklahoma, and Missouri the zone is referred to as the Miami trough and features prominently in the localization of major ore deposits. This zone may then also be regarded as the eastern boundary of the Forest City and Cherokee basins.

  20. Niger delta deepwater region petroleum potential assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, D. [Thomas and Associates, Hastings (United Kingdom)

    1995-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    On behalf of the Nigerian Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources some 23,000 km of high quality 192 channel, 96 fold seismic, and associated gravity and magnetic data were acquired by TGSI-Mabon Geophysical Co. and made available to the industry in 1991. These data were collected over all deepwater blocks in conjunction with the planned 1993 license round. Later, during 1993 and 1994 TGSI with Mabon Ltd. and Stratum Petroleum Services extended the program onto the shelf (7,000 km) and into the ultra deepwater areas (6,400 km), making possible modern studies of the entire offshore delta complex. In assessing the petroleum potential of an undrilled region, it is useful to refer to analogous basins or provinces already with histories of hydrocarbon exploration and discovery. With this in mind, and using limited data from the already drilled areas of Nigeria offshore, the adjacent West Africa salt basin and Brazil in particular, an attempt is made to discuss the hydrocarbon habitat of the undrilled Niger delta deepwater offshore sedimentary sequences.

  1. Deterring regional threats from nuclear proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spector, L.S.

    1992-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The most prominent shift in the National Military Strategy is from the global Soviet threat to a new focus on regional contingencies. No threat looms larger in these contingencies than the proliferation of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles. This study examines proliferation trends and proposes a predominately diplomatic strategy for containing the problem. Dr. Spector identifies three waves of proliferation: the first is the five states with declared weapons and doctrine-the United States, Russia, Great Britain, France, and China; the second includes a less visible group that developed a covert capability, without testing weapons or declaring a doctrine of deterrence-for example, Israel, India, and probably Pakistan; and, a third wave of would-be proliferators includes radical states like Iraq, Iran, Libya, and North Korea. Spector's political approach is based on the common interest of wave one and two states to prevent further proliferation. Political-economic incentives have already worked in the cases of Brazil, Argentina, Taiwan, and South Africa-states which appear to have abandoned their nuclear weapons programs. Spector does not rule out the option of military force. Force, especially under international sanctions, can be a powerful tool to back diplomatic efforts. Use of force, however, remains a last resort.

  2. CHARACTERIZATION OF PRESOLAR MATERIAL IN THE CR CHONDRITE NORTHWEST AFRICA 852

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leitner, J.; Hoppe, P. [Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Particle Chemistry Department, P.O. Box 3060, 55020 Mainz (Germany); Vollmer, C. [Institut fuer Mineralogie, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet, 48149 Muenster (Germany); Zipfel, J., E-mail: jan.leitner@mpic.de [Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum Senckenberg, Sektion Meteoritenforschung, Senckenberganlage 25, 60325 Frankfurt (Germany)

    2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigated the inventory of presolar silicate, oxide, and silicon carbide (SiC) grains in the CR2 chondrite Northwest Africa (NWA) 852. Thirty-one O-anomalous grains were detected: 24 were identified as silicates ({approx}78 ppm); the remaining 7 are Al-rich oxides ({approx}38 ppm). NWA 852 is the first C2 chondrite containing O-anomalous presolar dust in concentrations comparable to other more primitive meteorites. Eight presolar SiC grains have been found, representing the highest abundance ({approx}160 ppm) observed so far in primitive meteorites. {sup 15}N-enriched matter is also present, although very heterogeneously distributed. Twenty-six of the O-anomalous grains are enriched in {sup 17}O, originating from the outflows of low-mass asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars. We calculate a silicate/oxide abundance ratio of {approx}2, which indicates a higher degree of aqueous alteration than observed for other presolar-grain-rich meteorites. NWA 852 thus stands between the presolar-grain-rich CR3 chondrites (MET 00426, QUE 99177) and CR2 chondrites with low presolar grain abundances (Renazzo, NWA 530). We calculate an initial presolar silicate abundance of {approx}800 ppm for NWA 852, if silicate destruction by aqueous alteration is taken into account. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) investigation of one presolar Al-rich grain of an AGB star origin revealed that the grain mainly consists of a single crystal of hibonite with slightly varying orientations. A distinct subgrain (d < 100 nm) with a Ca/Ti ratio of {approx}1 is located in the central region, most likely indicating a perovskite-like phase. Our data suggest this phase to be a primary condensate and not an alteration product.

  3. Working in par tnership Upper Atlas region, Morocco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    maladies émergentes de l'Océan Indien) · Chikungunya control #12;··· North Africa and Middle East Africa and the Middle East continued. In Morocco, where cooperation has been very lively since the IRD

  4. Regional Summary Western Pacific Management Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -central and eastern Pacific Ocean) total of Pacific bigeye tuna landings reported in 2009. Currently (WCPFC) is active in the western and central Pacific Ocean and the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) is active in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Species under the purview of the WCPFC and IATTC

  5. Western Pacific Regional Summary Western Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -central and eastern Pacific Ocean) total of Pacific bigeye tuna landings reported in 2007. Currently (WCPFC) is active in the western and central Pacific Ocean and the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) is active in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Species under the purview of the WCPFC and IATTC

  6. Regional Summary Western Pacific Management Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .5 million pounds) of the Pacific-wide (western-central and eastern Pacific Ocean) total of Pacific bigeye Ocean and the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) is active in the eastern Pacific Ocean coordinated management between countries with fishing interests in the Pacific Ocean. The annual bigeye tuna

  7. Western Pacific Regional Summary Western Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) of the Pacific-wide (western-central and eastern Pacific Ocean) total of Pacific bigeye tuna landings reported Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) is active in the western and central Pacific Ocean and the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) is active in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Species under the purview

  8. Plains and Eastern Clean Line Transmission Line: Federal Register...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    3,500 megawatts primarily from renewable energy generation facilities in the Oklahoma and Texas Panhandle regions to load-serving entities in the Mid-South and Southeast...

  9. Proposed Project: Plains & Eastern Clean Line Transmission Line...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    approximately 3,500 MW primarily from renewable energy generation facilities in the Oklahoma Panhandle region to load-service entities in the Mid-South and Southeast via an...

  10. South African Association of Geomorphologists, Johannesburg, South Africa, 2000 Flood plain formation in semi-arid central Australia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bourke, Mary C.

    South African Association of Geomorphologists, Johannesburg, South Africa, 2000 Flood plain of sediment waves and the close succession of a series of high-energy overbank flows contribute

  11. Providing a Digital Voice for Storytellers in Africa Gary Marsden, Ilda Ladeira, Thomas Reitmaier, Nicola J Bidwell and Edwin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    Providing a Digital Voice for Storytellers in Africa Gary Marsden, Ilda Ladeira, Thomas Reitmaier, Nicola J Bidwell and Edwin Blake Abstract

  12. Electricity distribution industry restructuring, electrification, and competition in South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galen, P S

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews the status of the South African electricity supply industry (ESI) and proposals for reorienting and restructuring it. South Africa has been intensely examining its ESI for more than 4 years in an effort to determine whether and how it should be restructured to best support the country`s new economic development and social upliftment goals. The debate has been spirited and inclusive of most ESI stakeholders. The demands on and expectations for the ESI are many and varied. The debate has reflected this diversity of interests and views. In essence, however, there is a consensus on what is expected of the industry, namely, to extend provision of adequate, reliable, and affordable electricity service to all citizens and segments of the economy. This means a large-scale electrification program to reach as many of the nearly 50% of households currently without electricity service as soon as possible, tariff reform to promote equity and efficiency, and the upgrading of service quality now being provided by some of the newly consolidated municipal authorities. The issues involved are how best to achieve these results within the context of the national Reconstruction and Development Program, while accounting for time and resource constraints and balancing the interests of the various parties.

  13. Copyright 2004, Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc. This paper was prepared for presentation at the SPE Eastern Regional Conference and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    of the Society of Petroleum Engineers. Electronic reproduction, distribution, or storage of any part a probability distribution function for each of its input parameters, and hence the outcome of the model (US

  14. Lithologic influences on groundwater recharge through incised glacial till from profile to regional scales: Evidence from glaciated Eastern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    and Jozsef Szilagyi3,4 Received 3 May 2013; revised 11 December 2013; accepted 18 December 2013. [1 of both recharge rates and mechanisms. Citation: Gates, J. B., G. V. Steele, P. Nasta, and J. Szilagyi

  15. Executive Summary The Eastern Panhandle region has been hit hard by the national and global downturn. Indeed, recent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    growth is expected to be above state rate and similar to the national rate. Most of the net job growth

  16. Diabat L., Blanc Ph., Wald L., Solar radiation climate in Africa. Solar Energy, 76, 733-744, 2004. SOLAR RADIATION CLIMATE IN AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Diabaté L., Blanc Ph., Wald L., Solar radiation climate in Africa. Solar Energy, 76, 733-744, 2004 is very useful for preliminary assessment and modeling of solar energy systems. Following the approach: clearness index, atmosphere optics, clustering, interpolation, map, solar energy systems Nomenclature: (KTd

  17. Wind Regimes in Complex Terrain of the Great Valley of Eastern Tennessee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Birdwell, Kevin R [ORNL

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research was designed to provide an understanding of physical wind mechanisms within the complex terrain of the Great Valley of Eastern Tennessee to assess the impacts of regional air flow with regard to synoptic and mesoscale weather changes, wind direction shifts, and air quality. Meteorological data from 2008 2009 were analyzed from 13 meteorological sites along with associated upper level data. Up to 15 ancillary sites were used for reference. Two-step complete linkage and K-means cluster analyses, synoptic weather studies, and ambient meteorological comparisons were performed to generate hourly wind classifications. These wind regimes revealed seasonal variations of underlying physical wind mechanisms (forced channeled, vertically coupled, pressure-driven, and thermally-driven winds). Synoptic and ambient meteorological analysis (mixing depth, pressure gradient, pressure gradient ratio, atmospheric and surface stability) suggested up to 93% accuracy for the clustered results. Probabilistic prediction schemes of wind flow and wind class change were developed through characterization of flow change data and wind class succession. Data analysis revealed that wind flow in the Great Valley was dominated by forced channeled winds (45 67%) and vertically coupled flow (22 38%). Down-valley pressure-driven and thermally-driven winds also played significant roles (0 17% and 2 20%, respectively), usually accompanied by convergent wind patterns (15 20%) and large wind direction shifts, especially in the Central/Upper Great Valley. The behavior of most wind regimes was associated with detectable pressure differences between the Lower and Upper Great Valley. Mixing depth and synoptic pressure gradients were significant contributors to wind pattern behavior. Up to 15 wind classes and 10 sub-classes were identified in the Central Great Valley with 67 joined classes for the Great Valley at-large. Two-thirds of Great Valley at-large flow was defined by 12 classes. Winds flowed on-axis only 40% of the time. The Great Smoky Mountains helped create down-valley pressure-driven winds, downslope mountain breezes, and divergent air flow. The Cumberland Mountains and Plateau were associated with wind speed reductions in the Central Great Valley, Emory Gap Flow, weak thermally-driven winds, and northwesterly down sloping. Ridge-and-valley terrain enhanced wind direction reversals, pressure-driven winds, as well as locally and regionally produced thermally-driven flow.

  18. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicod, M.A.

    1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum rights in the 6 countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered by this paper amounted to 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1983, an 11% decrease from the 2,044,851 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1982. This decrease is mostly due to relinquishments in Sudan. Onshore seismic activity decreased in all countries except Sudan, where it slightly increased. Marine seismic activity increased by 85%, mostly due to significant efforts in Morocco and Egypt. Exploration drilling activity increased with 179 wildcats completed in 1983 compared to 166 in 1982. The success rate was 44.7% compared to 36% in 1982. No discoveries were made in Morocco. No new hydrocarbon province was discovered in 1983. Development drilling sharply increased in Egypt and remained at about the same levels in the other countries as in 1982. In Sudan, Chevron started in late September the first development drilling operations in Unity field. Oil production, with a daily average of 2,872,000 bbl, was at the same level as in 1982. In Egypt, 7 new fields went on-stream in the Gulf of Suez, 2 in the Western Desert, and 1 in the Eastern Desert. One field was put on-stream in Libya and 4 in Tunisia. Utilized gas production probably remained at the same level as in 1982 (2000 mmcf/day). 9 figures, 28 tables.

  19. Background Report on Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, Tracy A [ORNL

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Each month, approximately 45,000 people die from violence, hunger, disease, and other effects of displacement as a result of war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The country is often said to be plagued by a 'resource curse.' During each period in history since its discovery by the West, the DRC has possessed the resources the world craves and the world has sought these without regard for the consequences to the Congolese people. The catastrophic consequences of Congo's history of natural resource exploitation are the direct and indirect death of millions of Congolese people. The current war in Congo is multi-causal in nature but explanations are often reduced to describing it as an ethic conflict based on objective grievance. Objective grievance such as inequality, ethnic tensions, land disputes, and lack of democracy do exist, but they are neither necessary nor sufficient to explain the cause of the violent conflict, and more importantly, they fall short in explaining why this conflict has continued for years. The reality is the conflict is an economic war in which the trade of conflict minerals, gold and the 3Ts (tin, tantalum, tungsten), is directly linked to the financial sustainability of the groups fighting each other in eastern DRC. Objective grievance is a by-product of the conflict, used to create a false but plausible moral justification to continue violence. This paper examines the history of conflict in the DRC and the socio-economic variables contributing to the current war fought over conflict minerals.

  20. Global and Sahel Regional Biophysical Processes, Vegetation Dynamics, and Climate Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Guoqiong

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    South Africa, Amazon, and East Asia, through changing surface energySouth Africa, Amazon, and East Asia, through changing surface energy

  1. Rock art regionalism and identity: case studies from Trans-Pecos Texas and Mpumalanga Province, South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hampson, Jamie

    2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    scientific exploration has been attempted. Pueblo Indians do not seem to have occupied it; the inhospitable character of the land does not invite permanent settlement; tribes, however, passing through on errands of migration, or hunting, or by reason... art corpus only once or twice, this does not necessarily mean that that animal was unimportant to the artists or their communities. Taphonomic complexity has also muddied many rock art projects; we should remember that densely painted or engraved...

  2. Evaluation of the heterotic potential of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] adapted to the southern Africa region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mpofu, Leo Thokoza

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Table 3. Expected mean squares and appropriate F-tests for the combined analysis of variance across the four locations for all traits. Source F Test Expected Mean Square (EMS) Env MSeE 22 Ee GRPHFM?? + Rep(Env) MSeER )( 2... Hybrids Gen*Env eGxE MS 22 GxEe RPHMF?? + Parents*Env ePxE MS 22 PxEe GRHFM?? + Males*Env eMxE MS 22 MxEe GRPHF?? + Females*Env eFxE MS 22 FxEe GRPHM?? + Hybrids*Env eHxE MS 22 HxEe GRPFM...

  3. Regional Districts (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Adjacent Water Control and Improvement Districts and Municipal Utility Districts can opt to form a Regional District to oversee water issues. Such districts may be created:(1) to purchase, own,...

  4. Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE has created a network of seven Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (RCSPs) to help develop the technology, infrastructure, and regulations to implement large-scale CO2 storage (also...

  5. New interpretation of the so-called Nubian strata in northeast Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klitzsch, E.H.; Squyres, C.H.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stratigraphical interpretation of the so-called Nubian Sandstone of Egypt and northern Sudan have led to new ideas on the structural and paleogeographical development of northeast Africa. The strata formerly comprised under the term Nubian Sandstone include sediments from Cambrian to Paleocene age. Based on field work and paleontological investigations during the last 10 years, these strata can be subdivided into three major cycles, each characterizing a certain structural situation of northeast Africa. The first or Paleozoic cycle comprises strata of Cambrian to Early Carboniferous age. These strata were deposited during a period of generally northern dip of northeast Africa; continental sediments transported northward interfinger with marine strata resulting from southward transgressions. Sediments of the second cycle were deposited during and after Gondwana and northern continents collided, which caused updoming of large areas of Egypt and bordering areas to the west and east. As a result, most of Egypt became subject to erosion; transgressions remained near the present northern edge of the continent, and purely continental deposition took place in northern Sudan and bordering areas in Chad and Libya. The resulting strata are similar to the Karroo of East Africa. Strata of the third cycle were deposited after Pangea began to disintegrate. Northeast Africa now had a generally northern dip again, and consequently deposition was controlled - as during the first cycle - by northward drainage and southward transgressions. This last cycle began during Late Jurassic time.

  6. ESMAP-Rural Electrification Strategies/Africa Electrification...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    energy products. The goal of this initiative is to enhance quality of life and reduce poverty in rural areas of that region by offering an alternative to current fossil fuel based...

  7. Oil and gas developments in North Africa in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michel, R.Ch.

    1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Petroleum rights in the 6 North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia) covered in this paper were 1,906,065 km/sup 2/ at the end of 1984, an increase of 4.6% from the 1,821,966 km/sup 2/ in force at the end of 1983. This increase is due to large awards in the Sudan despite significant relinquishments elsewhere. Seismic surveys conducted during 1984 decreased to about 510.5 crew-months onshore and 29.5 crew-months offshore. However, exploration in and off Egypt was higher compared to 1983. Exploratory drilling was lower, with only 125 wells drilled compared to 179 tests completed in 1983. The main decrease was in Egypt and Sudan, but drilling in Libya resulted in 20 more completions. A significant oil discovery was made in the offshore part of the Sirte basin, off southwest Cyrenaica. The success rate in North Africa ranged from 19% to 50% (Libya). Development drilling increased during 1984, as higher activity appears to have taken place in 3 countries. Oil production, with an estimated daily rate of 2,952,570 bbl, was up 2.8% from 1983 (2,871,460 BOPD). In Egypt, 7 fields located in the Gulf of Suez area went on stream during the year. Political unrest, which prevailed in southern Sudan during most of 1984, will likely delay the start-up of production in several fields. No statistics are available on gas production in North African countries.

  8. From Havana With Love: A Critical Case Study of South-South Development Co-operation Operating Between Cuba and South Africa in the Health Care Sector 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammett, Daniel P

    This dissertation considers the impact of an inter-governmental agreement between Cuba and South Africa in the health sector. The agreement, first signed in 1997, seeks to mitigate the shortage of doctors in South Africa, especially in rural areas...

  9. EAST AFRICA EAST AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denham, Graham

    R communities Poverty alleviation, advancements in healthcare and development of microfinance 50+Papers about members were moved by the poverty they saw in Kenya. Volunteer work included running camps in the school CouponsFind Amazing Offers In Locally AtOfferon. Sign Up Today & Save Big!www.offeron.com Alzheimer's Test

  10. Preliminary direct heat geothermal resource assessment of the Tennessee Valley region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Staub, W.P.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A preliminary appraisal of the direct heat geothermal energy resources of the Tennessee Valley region has been completed. This region includes Kentucky, Tennessee and parts of adjacent states. Intermediate and deep aquifers were selected for study. Basement and Top-of-Knox structure and temperature maps were compiled from oil and gas well data on file at various state geological survey offices. Results of this study indicate that the New Madrid seismic zone is the only area within the region that possesses potential for direct heat utilization. In other areas geothermal energy is either too deep for economical extraction or it will not be able to compete with other local energy resources. The only anomalously high temperature well outside the New Madrid seismic zone was located in the Rome Trough and near the central part of the eastern Kentucky coal basin. Geothermal energy in that region would face strong competition from coal, oil and natural gas.

  11. Regional Uptake and Release of Crop Carbon in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    West, Tristram O.; Bandaru, Varaprasad; Brandt, Craig C.; Schuh, A.E.; Ogle, S.M.

    2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbon fixed by agricultural crops in the US creates regional CO2 sinks where it is harvested and regional CO2 sources where it is released back to the atmosphere. The quantity and location of these fluxes differ depending on the annual supply and demand of crop commodities. Data on the harvest of crop biomass, storage, import and export, and on the use of biomass for food, feed, fiber, and fuel were compiled to estimate an annual crop carbon budget for 2000 to 2008. Net sources of CO2 associated with the consumption of crop commodities occurred in the Eastern Uplands, Southern Seaboard, and Fruitful Rim regions. Net sinks associated with the production of crop commodities occurred in the Heartland, Northern Crescent, Northern Great Plains, and Mississippi Portal regions. The national crop carbon budget was balanced to within 0.7 to 6.6% yr-1 during the period of this analysis.

  12. Ocean dynamics and thermodynamics in the tropical Indo- Pacific region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drushka, Kyla

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pacific Oceans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean associated with thethe western equatorial Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res. , 96,

  13. Early Miocene Carbonate Dissolution in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Julia Keegan

    2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    /321 and has been identified by seismic reflection throughout the region, indicating a large perturbation in the global carbon cycle at the time of its deposition. Using multi-element XRF data, we have determined that this event was caused by CaCO3 dissolution...

  14. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures - 1) Mobile phones and Africa: a success story 2) Citizen Problem Solving

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are hosted by the partners of the Citizen Cyberscience Centre, CERN, The UN Institute of Training and Research and the University of Geneva. The goal of the Lectures is to provide an inspirational forum for participants from the various international organizations and academic institutions in Geneva to explore how information technology is enabling greater citizen participation in tackling global development challenges as well as global scientific research. The first Citizen Cyberscience Lectures will welcome two speakers who have both made major innovative contributions in this area. Dr. Mo Ibrahim, founder of Celtel International, one of Africa’s most successful mobile network operators, will talk about “Mobile phones and Africa: a success story”. Dr. Alpheus Bingham, founder of InnoCentive, a Web-based community that solves industrial R&D; challenges, will discuss “Citizen Problem Solving”. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are open and free of charge. Participants from outside CERN must register by sending an email to Yasemin.Hauser@cern.ch BEFORE the 23rd october to be able to access CERN. THE LECTURES Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Abstract The introduction of mobile phones into Africa changed the continent, enabling business and the commercial sector, creating directly and indirectly, millions of jobs. It enriched the social lives of many people. Surprisingly, it supported the emerging civil society and advanced the course of democracy Bio Dr Mo Ibrahim is a global expert in mobile communications with a distinguished academic and business career. In 1998, Dr Ibrahim founded Celtel International to build and operate mobile networks in Africa. Celtel became one of Africa’s most successful companies with operations in 15 countries, covering more than a third of the continent’s population and investing more than US$750 million in Africa. The company was sold to MTC Kuwait in 2005 for $3.4billion. In 2006 Dr Ibrahim established the Mo Ibrahim Foundation to support great African leadership. The Foundation focuses on two major initiatives to stimulate debate around, and improve the quality of, governance in Africa. The Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership recognises and celebrates excellence; and the Ibrahim Index of African Governance provides civil society with a comprehensive and quantifiable tool to promote government accountability. Dr Ibrahim is also Founding Chairman of Satya Capital Ltd, an investment company focused on opportunities in Africa. Dr Ibrahim has been awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies, the University of Birmingham and De Montfort University, Leicester as well as an Honorary Fellowship Award from the London Business School. He has also received the Chairman’s Award for Lifetime Achievement from the GSM Association in 2007 and the Economists Innovation Award 2007 for Social & Economic Innovation. In 2008 Dr Ibrahim was presented with the BNP Paribas Prize for Philanthropy, and also listed by TIME magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive Abstract American playwright Damien Runyon (Guys and Dolls) once remarked, "the race is not always to the swift, nor the victory to the strong -- but that IS how you bet." Not only does a system of race handicapping follow from this logic, but the whole notion of expertise and technical qualifications. Such 'credentials' allow one to 'bet' on who might most likely solve a difficult challenge, whether as consultant, contractor or employee. Of course, the approach would differ if one were allowed to bet AFTER the race. When such systems came into broad use, i.e., chat rooms, usenets, innocentive, etc., and were subsequently studied, it was often found that the greate

  15. A review of EIA report quality in the North West province of South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandham, Luke A. [Environmental Assessment Research Group, School of Environmental Sciences and Development, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom (South Africa)], E-mail: luke.sandham@nwu.ac.za; Pretorius, Hester M. [P.O. Box 6859, Ansfrere, 1711 (South Africa)], E-mail: hpret@webmail.co.za

    2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The revised EIA regulations implemented on 3 July 2006 focused attention on the question of EIA effectiveness in South Africa. EIR quality review is one of the quality control functions contributing to EIA effectiveness within any EIA system, therefore the EIR quality review package developed by Lee and Colley was adapted and used to review the quality of a sample of 28 EIRs in the North West province of South Africa. Overall, 86% of the reports achieved satisfactory grades, with the descriptive and presentational elements of the EIRs more satisfactorily addressed, and the analytical components such as impact significance, addressed to a less satisfactory degree. EIR quality appears to be on par with international standards, but there are areas of distinct weakness. Further research is required to optimise quality review, and to reveal whether the new regulations have succeeded in addressing these weaknesses and made positive contributions to EIR quality, as a component of EIA effectiveness in South Africa.

  16. Carbon emissions reduction strategies in Africa from improved waste management: A review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Couth, R. [University of KwaZulu-Natal, CRECHE, School of Civil Engineering, Survey and Construction, Durban 4041 (South Africa); Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.z [University of KwaZulu-Natal, CRECHE, School of Civil Engineering, Survey and Construction, Durban 4041 (South Africa)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper summarises a literature review into waste management practices across Africa as part of a study to assess methods to reduce carbon emissions. Research shows that the average organic content for urban Municipal Solid Waste in Africa is around 56% and its degradation is a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. The paper concludes that the most practical and economic way to manage waste in the majority of urban communities in Africa and therefore reduce carbon emissions is to separate waste at collection points to remove dry recyclables by door to door collection, compost the remaining biogenic carbon waste in windrows, using the maturated compost as a substitute fertilizer and dispose the remaining fossil carbon waste in controlled landfills.

  17. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures - 1) Mobile phones and Africa: a success story 2) Citizen Problem Solving

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are hosted by the partners of the Citizen Cyberscience Centre, CERN, The UN Institute of Training and Research and the University of Geneva. The goal of the Lectures is to provide an inspirational forum for participants from the various international organizations and academic institutions in Geneva to explore how information technology is enabling greater citizen participation in tackling global development challenges as well as global scientific research. The first Citizen Cyberscience Lectures will welcome two speakers who have both made major innovative contributions in this area. Dr. Mo Ibrahim, founder of Celtel International, one of Africa?s most successful mobile network operators, will talk about ?Mobile phones and Africa: a success story?. Dr. Alpheus Bingham, founder of InnoCentive, a Web-based community that solves industrial R&D; challenges, will discuss ?Citizen Problem Solving?. The Citizen Cyberscience Lectures are open and free of charge. Participants from outside CERN must register by sending an email to Yasemin.Hauser@cern.ch BEFORE the 23rd october to be able to access CERN. THE LECTURES Mobile phones and Africa: a success story Dr. Mo Ibrahim, Mo Ibrahim Foundation Abstract The introduction of mobile phones into Africa changed the continent, enabling business and the commercial sector, creating directly and indirectly, millions of jobs. It enriched the social lives of many people. Surprisingly, it supported the emerging civil society and advanced the course of democracy Bio Dr Mo Ibrahim is a global expert in mobile communications with a distinguished academic and business career. In 1998, Dr Ibrahim founded Celtel International to build and operate mobile networks in Africa. Celtel became one of Africa?s most successful companies with operations in 15 countries, covering more than a third of the continent?s population and investing more than US$750 million in Africa. The company was sold to MTC Kuwait in 2005 for $3.4billion. In 2006 Dr Ibrahim established the Mo Ibrahim Foundation to support great African leadership. The Foundation focuses on two major initiatives to stimulate debate around, and improve the quality of, governance in Africa. The Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership recognises and celebrates excellence; and the Ibrahim Index of African Governance provides civil society with a comprehensive and quantifiable tool to promote government accountability. Dr Ibrahim is also Founding Chairman of Satya Capital Ltd, an investment company focused on opportunities in Africa. Dr Ibrahim has been awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of London?s School of Oriental and African Studies, the University of Birmingham and De Montfort University, Leicester as well as an Honorary Fellowship Award from the London Business School. He has also received the Chairman?s Award for Lifetime Achievement from the GSM Association in 2007 and the Economists Innovation Award 2007 for Social & Economic Innovation. In 2008 Dr Ibrahim was presented with the BNP Paribas Prize for Philanthropy, and also listed by TIME magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Citizen Problem Solving Dr. Alpheus Bingham, InnoCentive Abstract American playwright Damien Runyon (Guys and Dolls) once remarked, "the race is not always to the swift, nor the victory to the strong -- but that IS how you bet." Not only does a system of race handicapping follow from this logic, but the whole notion of expertise and technical qualifications. Such 'credentials' allow one to 'bet' on who might most likely solve a difficult challenge, whether as consultant, contractor or employee. Of course, the approach would differ if one were allowed to bet AFTER the race. When such systems came into broad use, i.e., chat rooms, usenets, innocentive, etc., and were subsequently studied, it was often found that the greatest probability of solu

  18. WORKING PAPER N 2013 22 The long Term Effects of the Printing Press in Sub Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WORKING PAPER N° 2013 ­ 22 The long Term Effects of the Printing Press in Sub Saharan Africa Julia-00844446,version1-15Jul2013 #12;THE LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF THE PRINTING PRESS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA Julia Cag of the newspaper and came to employ it as the chief weapon by which they were to exercise their power

  19. Biofuels War: The New Scramble for Africa by Western Big Money Profiteers : EcoWorldly Explore GO Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biofuels War: The New Scramble for Africa by Western Big Money Profiteers : EcoWorldly About Like this post? Subscribe to our RSS feed and stay up to date. Biofuels War: The New Scramble in Africa, Ethiopia, Europe, Ghana, Global, Tanzania, United States of America Biofuels war has broken out

  20. SHORT PERIOD SURFACE WAVE DISPERSION MEASUREMENTS FROM AMBIENT SEISMIC NOISE IN NORTH AFRICA, THE MIDDLE EAST, AND CENTRAL ASIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Nikolai

    -band seismic data obtained in North Africa, the Middle East, and Central Asia. The goal is to improve to produce dispersion maps for North Africa, the Middle East, and Central Asia. The ultimate purpose, THE MIDDLE EAST, AND CENTRAL ASIA Michael H. Ritzwoller1 , Nikolai M. Shapiro1 , Michael E. Pasyanos2