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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An antiskid braking and traction control system for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes one or more sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensors and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydrualic braking control, or requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs a control strategy based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control the operation of the electric traction motor and to a brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative antiskid braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control.

Cikanek, Susan R. (Wixom, MI)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An antiskid braking and traction control system for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes one or more sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensors and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, or requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs a control strategy based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control the operation of the electric traction motor and to a brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative antiskid braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control. 10 figs.

Cikanek, S.R.

1995-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

3

Fuzzy logic electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system using fuzzy logic for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensor and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, and requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs fuzzy logic based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control operation of the electric traction motor and to the brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control. 123 figs.

Cikanek, S.R.

1994-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

4

Fuzzy logic electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system using fuzzy logic for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensor and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, and requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs fuzzy logic based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control operation of the electric traction motor and to the brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control.

Cikanek, Susan R. (Wixom, MI)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Adaptive controller for regenerative and friction braking system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A regenerative and friction braking system for a vehicle having one or more road wheels driven by an electric traction motor includes a driver responsive device for producing a brake demand signal having a magnitude corresponding to the level of braking force selected by the driver and friction and regenerative brakes operatively connected with the road wheels of the vehicle. A system according to this invention further includes control means for operating the friction and regenerative braking subsystems so that maximum brake torques sustainable by the road wheels of the vehicle without skidding or slipping will not be exceeded. 8 figs.

Davis, R.I.

1990-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

6

Adaptive controller for regenerative and friction braking system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A regenerative and friction braking system for a vehicle having one or more roadwheels driven by an electric traction motor includes a driver responsive device for producing a brake demand signal having a magnitude corresponding to the level of braking force selected by the driver and friction and regenerative brakes operatively connected with the roadwheels of the vehicle. A system according to this invention further includes control means for operating the friction and regenerative braking subsystems so that maximum brake torques sustainable by the roadwheels of the vehicle without skidding or slipping will not be exceeded.

Davis, Roy I. (Ypsilanti, MI)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Regenerative braking device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are several embodiments of a regenerative braking device for an automotive vehicle. The device includes a plurality of rubber rollers (24, 26) mounted for rotation between an input shaft (14) connectable to the vehicle drivetrain and an output shaft (16) which is drivingly connected to the input shaft by a variable ratio transmission (20). When the transmission ratio is such that the input shaft rotates faster than the output shaft, the rubber rollers are torsionally stressed to accumulate energy, thereby slowing the vehicle. When the transmission ratio is such that the output shaft rotates faster than the input shaft, the rubber rollers are torsionally relaxed to deliver accumulated energy, thereby accelerating or driving the vehicle.

Hoppie, Lyle O. (Birmingham, MI)

1982-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

8

Variable ratio regenerative braking device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a regenerative braking device (10) for an automotive vehicle. The device includes an energy storage assembly (12) having a plurality of rubber rollers (26, 28) mounted for rotation between an input shaft (36) and an output shaft (42), clutches (38, 46) and brakes (40, 48) associated with each shaft, and a continuously variable transmission (22) connectable to a vehicle drivetrain and to the input and output shafts by the respective clutches. The rubber rollers are torsionally stressed to accumulate energy from the vehicle when the input shaft is clutched to the transmission while the brake on the output shaft is applied, and are torsionally relaxed to deliver energy to the vehicle when the output shaft is clutched to the transmission while the brake on the input shaft is applied. The transmission ratio is varied to control the rate of energy accumulation and delivery for a given rotational speed of the vehicle drivetrain.

Hoppie, Lyle O. (Birmingham, MI)

1981-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

9

Combined hydraulic and regenerative braking system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A combined hydraulic and regenerative braking system and method for an electric vehicle, with the braking system being responsive to the applied hydraulic pressure in a brake line to control the braking of the vehicle to be completely hydraulic up to a first level of brake line pressure, to be partially hydraulic at a constant braking force and partially regenerative at a linearly increasing braking force from the first level of applied brake line pressure to a higher second level of brake line pressure, to be partially hydraulic at a linearly increasing braking force and partially regenerative at a linearly decreasing braking force from the second level of applied line pressure to a third and higher level of applied line pressure, and to be completely hydraulic at a linearly increasing braking force from the third level to all higher applied levels of line pressure.

Venkataperumal, Rama R. (Troy, MI); Mericle, Gerald E. (Mount Clemens, MI)

1981-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

10

Regenerative braking device with rotationally mounted energy storage means  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A regenerative braking device for an automotive vehicle includes an energy storage assembly (12) having a plurality of rubber rollers (26, 28) mounted for rotation between an input shaft (30) and an output shaft (32), clutches (50, 56) and brakes (52, 58) associated with each shaft, and a continuously variable transmission (22) connectable to a vehicle drivetrain and to the input and output shafts by the respective clutches. In a second embodiment the clutches and brakes are dispensed with and the variable ratio transmission is connected directly across the input and output shafts. In both embodiments the rubber rollers are torsionally stressed to accumulate energy from the vehicle when the input shaft rotates faster or relative to the output shaft and are torsionally relaxed to deliver energy to the vehicle when the output shaft rotates faster or relative to the input shaft.

Hoppie, Lyle O. (Birmingham, MI)

1982-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

11

Regenerative braking on bicycles to power LED safety flashers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work develops a method for capturing some of the kinetic energy ordinarily lost during braking on bicycles to power LED safety flashers. The system is designed to eliminate: (a) battery changing in popular LED flashers, ...

Collier, Ian M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Regenerative Braking for an Electric Vehicle Using Ultracapacitors and a Buck-Boost Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regenerative Braking for an Electric Vehicle Using Ultracapacitors and a Buck-Boost Converter Juan for an Electric Vehicle has been simulated. The purpose of this device is to allow higher accelerations, similar in shape and size to a Chevrolet S-10. This vehicle was already converted to an electric car

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

13

Vehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 26, No.4, October 1996, pp.301-320. Traction/Braking Force Distribution for Optimal Longitudinal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as the desired level of vehicle yaw motion, and the control system was designed to follow the yaw motion commandVehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 26, No.4, October 1996, pp.301-320. Traction/Braking Force in the past twenty years through the use of electronic devices. Four-wheel-steering (4WS) systems have been

Peng, Huei

14

Design Principles of a flywheel Regenerative Braking System (f-RBS) for Formula SAE type racecar and system testing on a Virtual Test Rig modeled on MSC ADAMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

momentum in the industry [4]. These vehicles (BEVs and HEVS) use electric motor/generator pairs to propel themselves and to recapture braking energy (electric RBS) and the power source is the battery. The regenerative braking system uses a generator..., aerodynamic and road losses. 4. Improvised Transmission design to reduce losses. 5. Hybrid and Alternative Energy Propulsion systems e.g. the Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV), the Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV). 6. Recycling Braking energy – Storage and reuse...

Pochiraju, Anirudh

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

15

Hydraulic Drivetrain and Regenerative Braking Team 13: Andrew Brown, Karan Desai, Andrew McGrath, Hurst Nuckols, Grant Wilson Adviser: Dr. Andrew Jackson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydraulic Drivetrain and Regenerative Braking Team 13: Andrew Brown, Karan Desai, Andrew Mc Pressure Reservior Filter Variable Vane Pump Motor/Pump Hydraulic Accumulators Solenoid Valve Relief Valve Suction Line Since their development in 2006, hydraulic drivetrain systems have gained considerable

Carpick, Robert W.

16

Brake blending strategy for a hybrid vehicle  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hybrid electric powertrain system is provided including a transmission for driving a pair of wheels of a vehicle and a heat engine and an electric motor/generator coupled to the transmission. A friction brake system is provided for applying a braking torque to said vehicle. A controller unit generates control signals to the electric motor/generator and the friction brake system for controllably braking the vehicle in response to a drivers brake command. The controller unit determines and amount of regenerative torque available and compares this value to a determined amount of brake torque requested for determining the control signals to the electric motor/generator and the friction brake system.

Boberg, Evan S. (Hazel Park, MI)

2000-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

17

Gravity brake  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mechanical gravity brake that prevents hoisted loads within a shaft from free-falling when a loss of hoisting force occurs. A loss of hoist lifting force may occur in a number of situations, for example if a hoist cable were to break, the brakes were to fail on a winch, or the hoist mechanism itself were to fail. Under normal hoisting conditions, the gravity brake of the invention is subject to an upward lifting force from the hoist and a downward pulling force from a suspended load. If the lifting force should suddenly cease, the loss of differential forces on the gravity brake in free-fall is translated to extend a set of brakes against the walls of the shaft to stop the free fall descent of the gravity brake and attached load.

Lujan, Richard E. (Santa Fe, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Braking system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A balanced braking system comprising a plurality of braking assemblies located about a member to be braked. Each of the braking assemblies consists of a spring biased piston of a first material fitted into a body of a different material which has a greater contraction upon cooling than the piston material. The piston is provided with a recessed head portion over which is positioned a diaphragm and forming a space therebetween to which is connected a pressurized fluid supply. The diaphragm is controlled by the fluid in the space to contact or withdraw from the member to be braked. A cooling means causes the body within which the piston is fitted to contract more than the piston, producing a tight shrink fit therebetween. The braking system is particularly applicable for selectively braking an arbor of an electron microscope which immobilizes, for example, a vertically adjustable low temperature specimen holder during observation. The system provides balanced braking forces which can be easily removed and re-established with minimal disturbance to arbor location.

Norgren, D.U.

1982-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

19

Advanced Integrated Traction System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States Department of Energy elaborates the compelling need for a commercialized competitively priced electric traction drive system to proliferate the acceptance of HEVs, PHEVs, and FCVs in the market. The desired end result is a technically and commercially verified integrated ETS (Electric Traction System) product design that can be manufactured and distributed through a broad network of competitive suppliers to all auto manufacturers. The objectives of this FCVT program are to develop advanced technologies for an integrated ETS capable of 55kW peak power for 18 seconds and 30kW of continuous power. Additionally, to accommodate a variety of automotive platforms the ETS design should be scalable to 120kW peak power for 18 seconds and 65kW of continuous power. The ETS (exclusive of the DC/DC Converter) is to cost no more than $660 (55kW at $12/kW) to produce in quantities of 100,000 units per year, should have a total weight less than 46kg, and have a volume less than 16 liters. The cost target for the optional Bi-Directional DC/DC Converter is $375. The goal is to achieve these targets with the use of engine coolant at a nominal temperature of 105C. The system efficiency should exceed 90% at 20% of rated torque over 10% to 100% of maximum speed. The nominal operating system voltage is to be 325V, with consideration for higher voltages. This project investigated a wide range of technologies, including ETS topologies, components, and interconnects. Each technology and its validity for automotive use were verified and then these technologies were integrated into a high temperature ETS design that would support a wide variety of applications (fuel cell, hybrids, electrics, and plug-ins). This ETS met all the DOE 2010 objectives of cost, weight, volume and efficiency, and the specific power and power density 2015 objectives. Additionally a bi-directional converter was developed that provides charging and electric power take-off which is the first step towards enabling a smart-grid application. GM under this work assessed 29 technologies; investigated 36 configurations/types power electronics and electric machines, filed 41 invention disclosures; and ensured technology compatibility with vehicle production. Besides the development of a high temperature ETS the development of industrial suppliers took place because of this project. Suppliers of industrial power electronic components are numerous, but there are few that have traction drive knowledge. This makes it difficult to achieve component reliability, durability, and cost requirements necessary of high volume automotive production. The commercialization of electric traction systems for automotive industry requires a strong diverse supplier base. Developing this supplier base is dependent on a close working relationship between the OEM and supplier so that appropriate component requirements can be developed. GM has worked closely with suppliers to develop components for electric traction systems. Components that have been the focus of this project are power modules, capacitors, heavy copper boards, current sensors, and gate drive and controller chip sets. Working with suppliers, detailed component specifications have been developed. Current, voltage, and operation environment during the vehicle drive cycle were evaluated to develop higher resolution/accurate component specifications.

Greg Smith; Charles Gough

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

20

Nonlinear Dynamics of Longitudinal Ground Vehicle Traction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

asphalt b) Wet asphalt c) Gravel d) Packed Snow Nonlinear Dynamics of Longitudinal Ground Vehicle Traction

Shaw, Steven W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Vehicle brake testing system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to a force measuring system capable of measuring forces associated with vehicle braking and of evaluating braking performance. The disclosure concerns an invention which comprises a first row of linearly aligned plates, a force bearing surface extending beneath and beside the plates, vertically oriented links and horizontally oriented links connecting each plate to a force bearing surface, a force measuring device in each link, a transducer coupled to each force measuring device, and a computing device coupled to receive an output signal from the transducer indicative of measured force in each force measuring device. The present invention may be used for testing vehicle brake systems.

Stevens, Samuel S. (Harriman, TN); Hodgson, Jeffrey W. (Lenoir City, TN)

2002-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

22

Modular PM Motor Drives for Automotive Traction Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents modular permanent magnet (PM) motor drives for automotive traction applications. A partially modularized drive system consisting of a single PM motor and multiple inverters is described. The motor has multiple three-phase stator winding sets and each winding set is driven with a separate three-phase inverter module. A truly modularized inverter and motor configuration based on an axial-gap PM motor is then introduced, in which identical PM motor modules are mounted on a common shaft and each motor module is powered by a separate inverter module. The advantages of the modular approach for both inverter and motor include: (1) power rating scalability--one design meets different power requirements by simply stacking an adequate number of modules, thus avoiding redesigning and reducing the development cost, (2) increased fault tolerance, and (3) easy repairing. A prototype was constructed by using two inverters and an axial-gap PM motor with two sets of three-phase stat or windings, and it is used to assist the diesel engine in a hybrid electric vehicle converted from a Chevrolet Suburban. The effect of different pulse-width-modulation strategies for both motoring and regenerative modes on current control is analyzed. Torque and regenerative control algorithms are implemented with a digital signal processor. Analytical and initial testing results are included in the paper.

Su, G.J.

2001-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

23

Traction Drive Systems Breakout Group  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyThe EnergyDepartment7 th ,Top Value AddedTotalTownTRACTION DRIVE

24

High-Temperature, Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter Packaging...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

High-Temperature, Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter Packaging High-Temperature, Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter Packaging 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs...

25

Utilizing the Traction Drive Power Electronics System to Provide...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Utilizing the Traction Drive Power Electronics System to Provide Plug-in Capability for PHEVs Utilizing the Traction Drive Power Electronics System to Provide Plug-in Capability...

26

Full Hybrid: Braking  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterEnergyAuthorization for(EV) Road User AssessmentNREL is aBraking

27

Regenerative feedback resonant circuit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A regenerative feedback resonant circuit for measuring a transient response in a loop is disclosed. The circuit includes an amplifier for generating a signal in the loop. The circuit further includes a resonator having a resonant cavity and a material located within the cavity. The signal sent into the resonator produces a resonant frequency. A variation of the resonant frequency due to perturbations in electromagnetic properties of the material is measured.

Jones, A. Mark; Kelly, James F.; McCloy, John S.; McMakin, Douglas L.

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

28

Speciation of Sb in airborne particulate matter, vehicle brake linings, and brake pad wear residues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Speciation of Sb in airborne particulate matter, vehicle brake linings, and brake pad wear residues: XAS XANES EXAFS Antimony Particulate matter Brake linings a b s t r a c t Insights into the speciation of Sb in samples of brake linings, brake pad wear residues, road dust, and atmospheric particulate

Short, Daniel

29

Regenerative air heater  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas-cooled steel skirt is used to support a refractory cored brick matrix and dome structure in a high temperature regenerative air heater useful in magnetohydrodynamic power generation. The steel skirt thermally expands to accommodate the thermal expansion of the dome structure despite substantial temperature differential thereby reducing relative movement between the dome bricks. Gas cooling of the steel skirt allows the structure to operate above its normal temperature during clean-out cycles and also allows for the control of the thermal expansion of the steel skirt.

Hasselquist, Paul B. (Maple Grove, MN); Baldner, Richard (Minnetonka, MN)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Regenerative air heater  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas-cooled steel skirt is used to support a refractory cored brick matrix and dome structure in a high temperature regenerative air heater useful in magnetohydrodynamic power generation. The steel skirt thermally expands to accommodate the thermal expansion of the dome structure despite substantial temperature differential thereby reducing relative movement between the dome bricks. Gas cooling of the steel skirt allows the structure to operate above its normal temperature during clean-out cycles and also allows for the control of the thermal expansion of the steel skirt.

Hasselquist, P.B.; Baldner, R.

1980-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

31

Regenerative Fuel Cells for Energy Storage  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 1 Regenerative Fuel Cells for Energy Storage April 2011 Corky Mittelsteadt April 2011 2 Outline 1. Regenerative Fuel Cells at Giner 2. Regenerative Systems for Energy Storage 1....

32

Regenerative combustion device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A regenerative combustion device having a combustion zone, and chemicals contained within the combustion zone, such as water, having a first equilibrium state, and a second combustible state. Means for transforming the chemicals from the first equilibrium state to the second combustible state, such as electrodes, are disposed within the chemicals. An igniter, such as a spark plug or similar device, is disposed within the combustion zone for igniting combustion of the chemicals in the second combustible state. The combustion products are contained within the combustion zone, and the chemicals are selected such that the combustion products naturally chemically revert into the chemicals in the first equilibrium state following combustion. The combustion device may thus be repeatedly reused, requiring only a brief wait after each ignition to allow the regeneration of combustible gasses within the head space.

West, Phillip B.

2004-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

33

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment Tools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment Tools Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology to deceleration in g's ­ Passing score: BE43.5 · Enforcement tool for only 3 years. · Based solely on brake Brake Research · CMVRTC research built on these enforcement tools ­ Correlation Study ­ Level-1 / PBBT

34

Regenerative switching CMOS system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) Schottky barrier Field Effect Transistor systems, which are a series combination of N and P-Channel MOSFETS, in which Source Schottky barrier junctions of the N and P-Channel Schottky barrier MOSFETS are electrically interconnected, (rather than the Drains as in conventional diffused junction CMOS), which Schottky barrier MOSFET system demonstrates Regenerative Inverting Switching Characteristics in use are disclosed. Both the N and P-Channel Schottky barrier MOSFET devices are unique in that they provide operational Drain Current vs. Drain to Source voltage as a function of Gate voltage only where the polarities of the Drain voltage and Gate voltage are opposite, referenced to the Source as a common terminal, and where the polarity of the voltage applied to the Gate is appropriate to cause Channel inversion. Experimentally derived results which demonstrate and verify the operation of N and P-Channel Schottky barrier MOSFETS actually fabricated on P and N-type Silicon respectively, by a common procedure using vacuum deposited Chromium as a Schottky barrier forming metal, are also provided. 14 figs.

Welch, J.D.

1998-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

35

Investigation of a regenerative damping concept  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the efficiency of many physical systems is realized by the incorporation of regenerative devices, and all devices which dissipate power are candidates for investigation as regenerative systems. The viscous damper is a dissipative device which may be suitable...

Fodor, Michael Glenn

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

High-Temperature, Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter Packaging  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter Packaging Madhu Chinthavali Oak Ridge National Laboratory June 10, 2010 Project ID: APE025 This presentation does not contain any proprietary,...

37

Hydrogen as an energy carrier for railway traction.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The technical suitability of hydrogen for railway traction is evaluated in the research. World-wide, diesel fuel is currently the main source of energy for railways… (more)

Hoffrichter, Andreas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Disturbance Control of the Hydraulic Brake in a Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Disturbance Control of the Hydraulic Brake in a Wind Turbine Frank Jepsen, Anders Søborg brake in a wind turbine. Brake torque is determined by friction coefficient and clamp force; the latter brake is one1 of the two independent brake systems in a wind turbine. As a consequence of the gearing

Yang, Zhenyu

39

TMV Technology Capabilities Brake Stroke Monitor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TMV Technology Capabilities Brake Stroke Monitor Brake monitoring systems are proactive maintenance This technology allows for CMV operators to have knowledge of their steer, drive, and tandem axle group weights setup is required. Current Safety/Enforcement Technologies EOBR (electronic on-board recorder) On

40

Advanced Electric Traction System Technology Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a subcontractor to General Motors (GM), Ames Laboratory provided the technical expertise and supplied experimental materials needed to assess the technology of high energy bonded permanent magnets that are injection or compression molded for use in the Advanced Electric Traction System motor. This support was a sustained (Phase 1: 6/07 to 3/08) engineering effort that builds on the research achievements of the primary FreedomCAR project at Ames Laboratory on development of high temperature magnet alloy particulate in both flake and spherical powder forms. Ames Lab also provide guidance and direction in selection of magnet materials and supported the fabrication of experimental magnet materials for development of injection molding and magnetization processes by Arnold Magnetics, another project partner. The work with Arnold Magnetics involved a close collaboration on particulate material design and processing to achieve enhanced particulate properties and magnetic performance in the resulting bonded magnets. The overall project direction was provided by GM Program Management and two design reviews were held at GM-ATC in Torrance, CA. Ames Lab utilized current expertise in magnet powder alloy design and processing, along with on-going research advances being achieved under the existing FreedomCAR Program project to help guide and direct work during Phase 1 for the Advanced Electric Traction System Technology Development Program. The technical tasks included review of previous GM and Arnold Magnets work and identification of improvements to the benchmark magnet material, Magnequench MQP-14-12. Other benchmark characteristics of the desired magnet material include 64% volumetric loading with PPS polymer and a recommended maximum use temperature of 200C. A collaborative relationship was maintained with Arnold Magnets on the specification and processing of the bonded magnet material required by GM-ATC.

Anderson, Iver

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Toward single cell traction microscopy within 3D collagen matrices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mechanical interaction between the cell and its extracellular matrix (ECM) regulates cellular behaviors, including proliferation, differentiation, adhesion, and migration. Cells require the three-dimensional (3D) architectural support of the ECM to perform physiologically realistic functions. However, current understanding of cell–ECM and cell–cell mechanical interactions is largely derived from 2D cell traction force microscopy, in which cells are cultured on a flat substrate. 3D cell traction microscopy is emerging for mapping traction fields of single animal cells embedded in either synthetic or natively derived fibrous gels. We discuss here the development of 3D cell traction microscopy, its current limitations, and perspectives on the future of this technology. Emphasis is placed on strategies for applying 3D cell traction microscopy to individual tumor cell migration within collagen gels. - Highlights: • Review of the current state of the art in 3D cell traction force microscopy. • Bulk and micro-characterization of remodelable fibrous collagen gels. • Strategies for performing 3D cell traction microscopy within collagen gels.

Hall, Matthew S. [Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Long, Rong [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2G8 (Canada); Feng, Xinzeng [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Huang, YuLing [Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Hui, Chung-Yuen [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Wu, Mingming, E-mail: mw272@cornell.edu [Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Regenerative Architecture: A Pathway Beyond Sustainability.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The current paradigm in the field of architecture today is one of degeneration and obsolete building technologies. Regenerative architecture is the practice of engaging the… (more)

Littman, Jacob A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Advanced regenerative absorption refrigeration cycles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Multi-effect regenerative absorption cycles which provide a high coefficient of performance (COP) at relatively high input temperatures. An absorber-coupled double-effect regenerative cycle (ADR cycle) (10) is provided having a single-effect absorption cycle (SEA cycle) (11) as a topping subcycle and a single-effect regenerative absorption cycle (1R cycle) (12) as a bottoming subcycle. The SEA cycle (11) includes a boiler (13), a condenser (21), an expansion device (28), an evaporator (31), and an absorber (40), all operatively connected together. The 1R cycle (12) includes a multistage boiler (48), a multi-stage resorber (51), a multisection regenerator (49) and also uses the condenser (21), expansion device (28) and evaporator (31) of the SEA topping subcycle (11), all operatively connected together. External heat is applied to the SEA boiler (13) for operation up to about 500 degrees F., with most of the high pressure vapor going to the condenser (21) and evaporator (31) being generated by the regenerator (49). The substantially adiabatic and isothermal functioning of the SER subcycle (12) provides a high COP. For higher input temperatures of up to 700 degrees F., another SEA cycle (111) is used as a topping subcycle, with the absorber (140) of the topping subcycle being heat coupled to the boiler (13) of an ADR cycle (10). The 1R cycle (12) itself is an improvement in that all resorber stages (50b-f) have a portion of their output pumped to boiling conduits (71a-f) through the regenerator (49), which conduits are connected to and at the same pressure as the highest pressure stage (48a) of the 1R multistage boiler (48).

Dao, Kim (14 Nace Ave., Piedmont, CA 94611)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Contactless magnetic brake for automotive applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption due to power assistance, and requirement for anti-lock controls. To solve these problems, a contactless magnetic brake has been developed. This concept includes a novel flux-shunting structure to control the excitation flux generated by permanent...

Gay, Sebastien Emmanuel

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

45

Brake Defect Causation and Abatement Study (BDCAS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brake Defect Causation and Abatement Study (BDCAS) Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT corrective actions and validate true abatement of initial out-of- service causation the FMCSA began the BDCAS

46

Rare-Earth-Free Traction Motor: Rare Earth-Free Traction Motor for Electric Vehicle Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

REACT Project: Baldor will develop a new type of traction motor with the potential to efficiently power future generations of EVs. Unlike today’s large, bulky EV motors which use expensive, imported rare-earth-based magnets, Baldor’s motor could be light, compact, contain no rare earth materials, and have the potential to deliver more torque at a substantially lower cost. Key innovations in this project include the use of a unique motor design, incorporation of an improved cooling system, and the development of advanced materials manufacturing techniques. These innovations could significantly reduce the cost of an electric motor.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

An improved theory for regenerative pump performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An improved theory for regenerative pump performance T Meakhail and S O Park Department. DOI: 10.1243/095765005X7565 Abstract: Owing to their low specific speed, regenerative pumps allow high heads with small flow rates and have performance curves with very stable features. This kind of pump

Kim, Yong Jung

48

Traction sheave elevator, hoisting unit and machine space  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Traction sheave elevator consisting of an elevator car moving along elevator guide rails, a counterweight moving along counterweight guide rails, a set of hoisting ropes (3) on which the elevator car and counterweight are suspended, and a drive machine unit (6) driving a traction sheave (7) acting on the hoisting ropes (3) and placed in the elevator shaft. The drive machine unit (6) is of a flat construction. A wall of the elevator shaft is provided with a machine space with its open side facing towards the shaft, the essential parts of the drive machine unit (6) being placed in the space. The hoisting unit (9) of the traction sheave elevator consists of a substantially discoidal drive machine unit (6) and an instrument panel (8) mounted on the frame (20) of the hoisting unit.

Hakala, Harri (Hyvinkaa, FI); Mustalahti, Jorma (Hyvinkaa, FI); Aulanko, Esko (Kerava, FI)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Thermal cracking in disc brakes Thomas J. Mackin *,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermal cracking in disc brakes Thomas J. Mackin *,1 , Steven C. Noe, K.J. Ball, B.C. Bedell, D, or hub, which is connected to the wheel and axle, and an inboard and outboard braking surface

Salvaggio, Carl

50

Why Brake-By-Wire (BBW) ? Advantages of BBW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conventional Brake System http://www.conti-online.com #12;BBW Survey [ SKF (Motor + PGT +Ball Screw)] [ DELPHI (Motor + PGT +Ball Screw)] [Continental Teves (Motor + PGT + Roller Screw)] [Continental Teves installed at wheel] #12;Sectional Drawing of the Electromechanically Actuated Disk Brake From ITT Brake Pads Caliper

Yao, Bin

51

Influence of surface traction on soft robot undulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, assist in human motor tasks, and reduce manufacturing costs. As with natural invertebrates, soft robotsArticle Influence of surface traction on soft robot undulation The International Journal of Robotics Research 32(13) 1577­1584 © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub

Liu, David R.

52

Therapeutic potential of nanoceria in regenerative medicine.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine aim to achieve functional restoration of tissue or cells damaged through disease, aging or trauma. Advancement of tissue engineering requires innovation in the field of 3D scaffolding, and functionalization with bioactive molecules. Nanotechnology offers advanced materials with patterned nano-morphologies for cell growth and different molecular substrates which can support cell survival and functions. Cerium oxide nanoparticles (nanoceria) can control intracellular as well as extracellular reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. Recent findings suggest that nanoceria can enhance long-term cell survival, enable cell migration and proliferation, and promote stem cell differentiation. Moreover, the self-regenerative property of nanoceria permits a small dose to remain catalytically active for extended time. This review summarizes the possibilities and applications of nanoceria in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

Das, Soumen; Chigurupati, Srinivasulu; Dowding, Janet; Munusamy, Prabhakaran; Baer, Donald R.; McGinnis, James F.; Mattson, Mark P.; Self, William; Seal, Sudipta

2014-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

53

The effect of friction on drum brakes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The boundary element method (BEM) has been developed for a long period of time. Cruse and Wilson developed an isoparametric quadratic element. Rizzo, Cruse, Rizzo and Shippy, and Swedlow and cruse applied the method to various problems. It shows that the BEM can provide a very good analytical result in the linear problem and it can reduce time in preparation of numerical data. Watson and Newcomb pointed out that the pressure distribution on the contact surface of the brake drum and the lining plate do not vary significantly along the axis. The deflection can be reduced by an appropriate design of the web; therefore, two dimensional analysis with the BEM is used in this analysis. Based on the authors` knowledge, this is the first paper to analyze the drum brake by using the BEM. The assumptions are the brake drum to be a rigid body, perfect interface contact between the drum and the shoe, the constant friction coefficient of the friction material and the thermal effect to be neglected. The two dimensional equations are derived based on the Somigliana`s identity. Since there is no shape function and no need of the Jacobin for the coordinate transform, to integrate numerically is easier and to write a computer code is simpler for the constant value element than the second order element. The linear element is inappropriate to treat the comer problem. Using the linear elements or second order elements creates discontinuous phenomena along the irregular boundary. The common nodal point has different normal vector and boundary conditions. It is necessary to have an extra equation to provide a unique solution for the final linear equation. Using the constant value element can get rid of this problem. The effect of the friction on the pressure distribution at the friction interface is studied. The calculated results of the pressure distribution are compared with the available data. The mathematical model can be used as a design tool to predict the performance of drum brakes.

Huang, Y.M.; Shyr, J.S. [National Taiwan Univ. (China)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

54

Traction drive automatic transmission for gas turbine engine driveline  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A transaxle driveline for a wheeled vehicle has a high speed turbine engine and a torque splitting gearset that includes a traction drive unit and a torque converter on a common axis transversely arranged with respect to the longitudinal centerline of the vehicle. The drive wheels of the vehicle are mounted on a shaft parallel to the turbine shaft and carry a final drive gearset for driving the axle shafts. A second embodiment of the final drive gearing produces an overdrive ratio between the output of the first gearset and the axle shafts. A continuously variable range of speed ratios is produced by varying the position of the drive rollers of the traction unit. After starting the vehicle from rest, the transmission is set for operation in the high speed range by engaging a first lockup clutch that joins the torque converter impeller to the turbine for operation as a hydraulic coupling.

Carriere, Donald L. (Livonia, MI)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Airborne wear particles railway research group FEM Simulation of train disc brake behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Airborne wear particles railway research group FEM Simulation of train disc brake behavior a modern train disc brake with brake caliper and high speed pads. During braking, a considerable amount. A model of train brake caliper Aim The overall aim of the MSc degree project is to develop a thermoelastic

Haviland, David

56

April 2011 1 Regenerative Fuel Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Economics 2. Electrolyzer Optimization 3. Fuel Cell Optimization 4. What to do with O2? 5. High Pressure Storage 1. Economics 2. Electrolyzer Optimization 3. Fuel Cell Optimization 4. What to do with O2? 5. HighApril 2011 1 Regenerative Fuel Cells for Energy Storage April 2011 Corky Mittelsteadt #12;April

57

Inventory processes: Quasi-regenerative property,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inventory processes: Quasi-regenerative property, performance evaluation and sensitivity estimation-time, multiperiod (s, S)- policy inventory model with backlog. The cost function may contain holding, shortage, and fixed ordering costs. Holding and shortage costs may be nonlinear. We show that the resulting inventory

Pflug, Georg

58

E-Print Network 3.0 - antiskid braking system Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Idar Petersen2 Summary: -lock brake systems ABS control the brake torque of each wheel to prevent it from getting locked... in the process of braking. This is important to...

59

Impacts of Cooling Technology on Solder Fatigue for Power Modules in Electric Traction Drive Vehicles: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Describes three power module cooling topologies for electric traction drive vehicles: two advanced options using jet impingement cooling and one option using pin-fin liquid cooling.

O'Keefe, M.; Vlahinos, A.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

E-Print Network 3.0 - asynchronous traction engines Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

. Traction aids can also increase machine stability, improve flotation and protect tyres (Figure 1 Source: Forest Research Agency of the UK Forestry Commission Collection:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

E-Print Network 3.0 - ac traction drives Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

. Traction aids can also increase machine stability, improve flotation and protect tyres (Figure 1 Source: Forest Research Agency of the UK Forestry Commission Collection:...

62

Pulsar Braking Index and Mass Accretion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I show that the braking index, $N$, a fundamental pulsar experimental quantity, naturally differs from the canonical value of 3 by terms which involve mass accretion. Using the measured values of $N$ for PSR1509-58 and PSR0531+21, I determine that for constant density neutron stars their present mass accretion rates are $(3.10\\pm.51)\\times10^{-5}$ M year$^{-1}$ and $(9.946\\pm.089)\\times10^{-5}$ M year$^{-1}$ respectively, where M is the mass of each pulsar. Finally, I demonstrate that mass accretion removes the outstanding problem of the origin of the big glitches of the Vela Pulsar.

P. D. Morley

1993-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

63

Do Si stars undergo any magnetic braking?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The old question of rotational braking of Ap Si stars is revisited on the empirical side, taking advantage of the recent Hipparcos results. Field stars with various evolutionary states are considered, and it is shown that the loose correlation between their rotational period and their surface gravity is entirely compatible with conservation of angular momentum. No evidence is found for any loss of angular momentum on the Main Sequence, which confirms earlier results based on less reliable estimates of surface gravity. The importance of reliable, fundamental Teff determinations of Bp and Ap stars is emphasized.

P. North

1998-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

64

E-Print Network 3.0 - antilock brake systems Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

such as trucks, tractor... -trailers and buses. In these brake systems, compressed air is used as the energy transmitting medium to actuate... the foundation brakes mounted...

65

E-Print Network 3.0 - anti-lock braking system Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

such as trucks, tractor... -trailers and buses. In these brake systems, compressed air is used as the energy transmitting medium to actuate... the foundation brakes mounted...

66

A diagnostic system for air brakes in commercial vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to maintenance and hence they require frequent inspections. Current inspection techniques require an inspector to go underneath a vehicle to check the brake system for possible faults, such as leaks, worn brake pads, out-of-adjustment of push rods, etc...

Coimbatore Subramanian, Shankar Ram

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

67

Development of Diagnostic Algorithms for Air Brakes in Trucks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

causes a reduction in the steady-state pressure in the brake chamber and an increase in the lag of the braking pressure response thereby increasing the stopping distance of the vehicle. Currently a presence of leak in the system is detected...

Dhar, Sandeep

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

68

A pressure control scheme for air brakes in commercial vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research is focused on developing a control scheme for regulating the pressure in the brake chamber of an air brake system found in most commercial vehicles like trucks, tractor-trailers and buses. Such a control scheme can be used...

Bowlin, Christopher Leland

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

69

Braking system for use with an arbor of a microscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A balanced braking system comprising a plurality of braking assemblies located about a member to be braked. Each of the braking assemblies consists of a spring biased piston of a first material fitted into a body of a different material which has a greater contraction upon cooling than the piston material. The piston is provided with a recessed head portion over which is positioned a diaphragm and forming a space therebetween to which is connected a pressurized fluid supply. The diaphragm is controlled by the fluid in the space to contact or withdraw from the member to be braked. A cooling device causes the body within which the piston is fitted to contract more than the piston, producing a tight shrink fit therebetween. The braking system is particularly applicable for selectively braking an arbor of an electron microscope which immobilizes, for example, a vertically adjustable low temperature specimen holder during observation. The system provides balanced braking forces which can be easily removed and re-established with minimal disturbance to arbor location.

Norgren, Duane U. (Orinda, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

FreedomCAR Advanced Traction Drive Motor Development Phase I  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this program is to design and develop an advanced traction motor that will meet the FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVT) 2010 goals and the traction motor technical targets. The motor specifications are given in Section 1.3. Other goals of the program include providing a cost study to ensure the motor can be developed within the cost targets needed for the automotive industry. The program has focused on using materials that are both high performance and low costs such that the performance can be met and cost targets are achieved. In addition, the motor technologies and machine design features must be compatible with high volume manufacturing and able to provide high reliability, efficiency, and ruggedness while simultaneously reducing weight and volume. Weight and volume reduction will become a major factor in reducing cost, material cost being the most significant part of manufacturing cost at high volume. Many motor technology categories have been considered in the past and present for traction drive applications, including: brushed direct current (DC), PM (PM) brushless dc (BLDC), alternating current (AC) induction, switched reluctance and synchronous reluctance machines. Of these machine technologies, PM BLDC has consistently demonstrated an advantage in terms of power density and efficiency. As rare earth magnet cost has declined, total cost may also be reduced over the other technologies. Of the many different configurations of PM BLDC machines, those which incorporate power production utilizing both magnetic torque as well as reluctance torque appear to have the most promise for traction applications. There are many different PM BLDC machine configurations which employ both of these torque producing mechanisms; however, most would fall into one of two categories--some use weaker magnets and rely more heavily on reluctance torque (reluctance-dominant PM machines), others use strong PMs and supplement with reluctance torque (magnet-dominant PM machines). This report covers a trade study that was conducted in this phase I program to explore which type of machine best suits the FCVT requirements.

Ley, Josh (UQM Technologies, Inc.); Lutz, Jon (UQM Technologies, Inc.)

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Low cost electronic ultracapacitor interface technique to provide load leveling of a battery for pulsed load or motor traction drive applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A battery load leveling arrangement for an electrically powered system in which battery loading is subject to intermittent high current loading utilizes a passive energy storage device and a diode connected in series with the storage device to conduct current from the storage device to the load when current demand forces a drop in battery voltage. A current limiting circuit is connected in parallel with the diode for recharging the passive energy storage device. The current limiting circuit functions to limit the average magnitude of recharge current supplied to the storage device. Various forms of current limiting circuits are disclosed, including a PTC resistor coupled in parallel with a fixed resistor. The current limit circuit may also include an SCR for switching regenerative braking current to the device when the system is connected to power an electric motor.

King, Robert Dean (Schenectady, NY); DeDoncker, Rik Wivina Anna Adelson (Malvern, PA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

SDTC Neural Network Traction Control of an Electric Vehicle without Differential Gears  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SDTC Neural Network Traction Control of an Electric Vehicle without Differential Gears A. Haddoun1 network traction control approach of an Electric vehicle (EV) without differential gears (electrical that the proposed SDTC neural network approach operates satisfactorily. Keywords--Electric vehicle propulsion

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

73

Analysis, Modeling and Neural Network Traction Control of an Electric Vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis, Modeling and Neural Network Traction Control of an Electric Vehicle without Differential Terms--Electric vehicle, electric motor, speed estimation, neural networks, traction control. I. INTRODUCTION Recently, Electric Vehicles (EVs) including fuel-cell and hybrid vehicles have been developed very

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

74

A Power Presizing Methodology for Electric Vehicle Traction Motors Bekheira Tabbache1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Power Presizing Methodology for Electric Vehicle Traction Motors Bekheira Tabbache1,2 , Sofiane for presizing the power of an electric vehicle traction motor. Based on the vehicle desired performances motor, power presizing, driving cycle. Nomenclature EV = Electric Vehicle; V = Vehicle speed; Vb

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

75

Nonlinear dynamics of a regenerative cutting process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the regenerative cutting process by using a single degree of freedom non-smooth model with a friction component and a time delay term. Instead of the standard Lyapunov exponent calculations, we propose a statistical 0-1 test analysis for chaos detection. This approach reveals the nature of the cutting process signaling regular or chaotic dynamics. For the investigated deterministic model we are able to show a transition from chaotic to regular motion with increasing cutting speed. For two values of time delay showing the different response the results have been confirmed by the means of the spectral density and the multiscaled entropy.

Grzegorz Litak; Sven Schubert; Guenter Radons

2012-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

76

Asbestos-free brake-lining materials for hydrogenerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three different asbestos-free materials currently considered as new lining materials for hydrogenerator brakes were tested and compared to the original asbestos lining. Results show that these substitutes not only vary greatly from the original material in terms of mechanical properties and physical characteristics but also exhibit significantly different performances in braking tests. Consequently, these new materials are not entirely suitable for the intended application.

Lalonde, S.; Lanteigne, J. [Hydro-Quebec, Varennes, Quebec (Canada)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Investigation of aerodynamic braking devices for wind turbine applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the selection and preliminary design of a new aerodynamic braking system for use on the stall-regulated AWT-26/27 wind turbines. The goal was to identify and design a configuration that offered improvements over the existing tip brake used by Advanced Wind Turbines, Inc. (AWT). Although the design objectives and approach of this report are specific to aerodynamic braking of AWT-26/27 turbines, many of the issues addressed in this work are applicable to a wider class of turbines. The performance trends and design choices presented in this report should be of general use to wind turbine designers who are considering alternative aerodynamic braking methods. A literature search was combined with preliminary work on device sizing, loads and mechanical design. Candidate configurations were assessed on their potential for benefits in the areas of cost, weight, aerodynamic noise, reliability and performance under icing conditions. As a result, two configurations were identified for further study: the {open_quotes}spoiler-flap{close_quotes} and the {open_quotes}flip-tip.{close_quotes} Wind tunnel experiments were conducted at Wichita State University to evaluate the performance of the candidate aerodynamic brakes on an airfoil section representative of the AWT-26/27 blades. The wind tunnel data were used to predict the braking effectiveness and deployment characteristics of the candidate devices for a wide range of design parameters. The evaluation was iterative, with mechanical design and structural analysis being conducted in parallel with the braking performance studies. The preliminary estimate of the spoiler-flap system cost was $150 less than the production AWT-26/27 tip vanes. This represents a reduction of approximately 5 % in the cost of the aerodynamic braking system. In view of the preliminary nature of the design, it would be prudent to plan for contingencies in both cost and weight.

Griffin, D.A. [R. Lynette & Associates, Seattle, WA (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Magnetic braking of T Tauri stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct models for the rotation rates of T Tauri stars whose spin is regulated by magnetic linkage between the star and a surrounding accretion disc. Our models utilise a time-dependent disc code to follow the accretion process and include the effects of pre-main-sequence stellar evolution. We find that the initial disc mass controls the evolution of the star-disc system. For sufficiently massive discs, a stellar field of $\\sim$ 1 kG is able to regulate the spin rate to the observed values during the classical T Tauri phase. The field then acts to expel the disc and the star spins up at constant angular momentum as a weak-line system. Lower mass discs are ejected at an early epoch and fail to brake the star significantly. We extend the model to close binary systems, and find that the removal of angular momentum from the disc by the secondary significantly prolongs the inner disc lifetime. Such systems should therefore be relatively slow rotators. We also discuss the implications of our model for the spectral energy distributions and variability of T Tauri stars.

P. J. Armitage; C. J. Clarke

1995-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

79

A Regenerative High-Rise Tower in Shreveport, Louisiana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zero Net Energy Buildings are increasingly being designed and constructed in response to the demand for sustainable buildings. But, we must now go beyond merely sustaining our environment for future generations we must provide regenerative designs...

Garrison, M.

80

Evaluation of driver braking performance to an unexpected object in the roadway  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

components, specifically whether the equation accurately reflects driver and vehicle behaviors during a braking maneuver. This research evaluated the two components of the SSD equation. Four field studies were conducted that evaluated driver braking...

Picha, Dale Louis

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Control Engineering Practice 11 (2003) 163170 A mechatronic conception of a new intelligent braking system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, residual friction, noise, vibrations, a new brake has been designed according to a modular principle which describes a new intelligent braking system for motor vehicles. A mechatronic approach helped to avoid some

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

82

Evaluation of Corrosion Failure in Tractor-Trailer Brake System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As reported to ORNL, concomitant with the introduction of different deicing and anti-icing compounds, there was an increase in the brake failure rate of tractor-trailer trucks. A forensic evaluation of a failed brake system was performed. Optical and scanning electron microscopic evaluation showed corrosion to be mostly confined to the brake table/lining interface. The corrosion is non-uniform as is to be expected for plain carbon steel in chloride environments. This initial analysis found no evidence for the chlorides of calcium and magnesium, which are the newly introduced deicing and antiicing compounds and are less soluble in water than the identified chlorides of sodium and potassium, in the scale. The result could be as a result of non-exposure of the examined brake table to calcium and magnesium chloride. The mechanisms for the increased failure rate are postulated as being an increased rate of corrosion due to positive shifts in the corrosion potential, and an increased amount of corrosion due to an increased ''time of wetness'' that results from the presence of hygroscopic salts. Laboratory scale evaluation of the corrosion of plain carbon steel in simulated deicing and anti-icing solutions need to be performed to determine corrosion rates and morphological development of corrosion product, to compare laboratory data to in-service data, and to rank economically feasible replacement materials for low carbon steel. In addition, the mechanical behavior of the lining attached to the brake shoe table needs to be assessed. It is opined that an appropriate adjustment of materials could easily allow for a doubling of a brake table/lining lifetime. Suggestions for additional work, to clarify the mechanisms of rust jacking and to develop possible solutions, are described.

Wilson, DF

2002-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

83

E-Print Network 3.0 - air brake association Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

... Source: Southwest Region University Transportation Center Collection: Engineering ; Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 2 Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment...

84

High power, high beam quality regenerative amplifier  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A regenerative laser amplifier system generates high peak power and high energy per pulse output beams enabling generation of X-rays used in X-ray lithography for manufacturing integrated circuits. The laser amplifier includes a ring shaped optical path with a limited number of components including a polarizer, a passive 90 degree phase rotator, a plurality of mirrors, a relay telescope, and a gain medium, the components being placed close to the image plane of the relay telescope to reduce diffraction or phase perturbations in order to limit high peak intensity spiking. In the ring, the beam makes two passes through the gain medium for each transit of the optical path to increase the amplifier gain to loss ratio. A beam input into the ring makes two passes around the ring, is diverted into an SBS phase conjugator and proceeds out of the SBS phase conjugator back through the ring in an equal but opposite direction for two passes, further reducing phase perturbations. A master oscillator inputs the beam through an isolation cell (Faraday or Pockels) which transmits the beam into the ring without polarization rotation. The isolation cell rotates polarization only in beams proceeding out of the ring to direct the beams out of the amplifier. The diffraction limited quality of the input beam is preserved in the amplifier so that a high power output beam having nearly the same diffraction limited quality is produced.

Hackel, L.A.; Dane, C.B.

1993-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

85

High power, high beam quality regenerative amplifier  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A regenerative laser amplifier system generates high peak power and high energy per pulse output beams enabling generation of X-rays used in X-ray lithography for manufacturing integrated circuits. The laser amplifier includes a ring shaped optical path with a limited number of components including a polarizer, a passive 90 degree phase rotator, a plurality of mirrors, a relay telescope, and a gain medium, the components being placed close to the image plane of the relay telescope to reduce diffraction or phase perturbations in order to limit high peak intensity spiking. In the ring, the beam makes two passes through the gain medium for each transit of the optical path to increase the amplifier gain to loss ratio. A beam input into the ring makes two passes around the ring, is diverted into an SBS phase conjugator and proceeds out of the SBS phase conjugator back through the ring in an equal but opposite direction for two passes, further reducing phase perturbations. A master oscillator inputs the beam through an isolation cell (Faraday or Pockels) which transmits the beam into the ring without polarization rotation. The isolation cell rotates polarization only in beams proceeding out of the ring to direct the beams out of the amplifier. The diffraction limited quality of the input beam is preserved in the amplifier so that a high power output beam having nearly the same diffraction limited quality is produced.

Hackel, Lloyd A. (Livermore, CA); Dane, Clifford B. (Livermore, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Airbus A320 Braking as Predicate-Action Peter B. Ladkin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Airbus A320 Braking as Predicate-Action Diagrams Peter B. Ladkin Universit¨at Bielefeld, Technische of the Airbus A320 braking systems contained in the Flight Crew Operating Manual. This helps identify to interest us and others in the design of the A320 braking system [FI.93a, FI.93b, FI.93c]. This paper

Ladkin, Peter B.

87

Adaptive Rollover Prevention for Automotive Vehicles with Differential Braking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive Rollover Prevention for Automotive Vehicles with Differential Braking Selim Solmaz, switching, and tuning (MMST) paradigm [13, 14, 15] for preventing un­tripped rollover in automotive vehicles performance than its fixed robust counterpart. Keywords: Automotive control; Multiple models; Parameter

Duffy, Ken

88

Many applications require brakes, for instance to decelerate or to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an error occurs in the process of a robotic arm. The energy consumption and actuation force of these brakes is very high. A team of TU Delft scientists developed a method to reduce the energy consumption. The energy consumption is high because an actuator has to generate a normal force between two friction

89

Oxygen-Diffused Titanium as a Candidate Brake Rotor Material  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Titanium alloys are one of several candidate materials for the next generation of truck disk brake rotors. Despite their advantages of lightweight relative to cast iron and good strength and corrosion resistance, titanium alloys are unlikely to be satisfactory brake rotor materials unless their friction and wear behavior can be significantly improved. In this study, a surface engineering process oxygen diffusion was applied to titanium rotors and has shown very encouraging results. The oxygen diffused Ti-6Al-4V (OD-Ti) was tested on a sub-scale brake tester against a flat block of commercial brake lining material and benchmarked against several other Ti-based materials, including untreated Ti-6Al-4V, ceramic particle-reinforced Ti composites (MMCs), and a thermal-spray-coated Ti alloy. With respect to friction, the OD-Ti outperformed all other candidate materials under the imposed test conditions with the friction coefficient remaining within a desirable range of 0.35-0.50, even under the harshest conditions when the disk surface temperature reached nearly 600 ?C. In addition, the OD-Ti showed significantly improved wear-resistance over the non-treated one and was even better than the Ti-based composite materials.

Qu, Jun [ORNL; Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL; Jolly, Brian C [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

aircraft brake materials: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

brake materials First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 26 REDUCTION OF CADMTUM PLATING ON...

91

Braking index of isolated pulsars: open questions and ways forward  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Isolated pulsars are rotating neutron stars with accurately measured angular velocities $\\Omega$, and their time derivatives which show unambiguously that the pulsars are slowing down. Although the exact mechanism of the spin-down is a question of debate, the commonly accepted view is that it arises either through emission of magnetic dipole radiation (MDR) from a rotating magnetized body, through emission of a relativistic particle wind, or via higher order magnetic multipole or gravitational quadrupole radiation. The calculated energy loss by a rotating pulsar is model dependent and leads to the power law $\\dot{\\Omega}$ = -K $\\Omega^{\\rm n}$ where $n$ is called the braking index. The theoretical value for braking index is $n = 1, 3, 5$ for wind, MDR, quadrupole radiation respectively. The accepted view is that pulsar braking is strongly dominated by MDR. Highly precise observations of isolated pulsars yield braking index values in the range $1 < n < 2.8$ which are consistently less than the value pred...

Hamil, Oliver

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

TOWARDS GLOBAL CHASSIS CONTROL BY INTEGRATING THE BRAKE AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Szab´o*, J. Bokor*, C. Poussot-Vassal**, O. Sename**, L. Dugard** *Computer and Automation Research active suspensions and an active brake is proposed to improve the safety of vehicles. The design is based of the method is demonstrated through a complex simulation example containing vehicle maneuvers. Keywords: LPV

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

93

Ignition feedback regenerative free electron laser (FEL) amplifier  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ignition feedback regenerative amplifier consists of an injector, a linear accelerator with energy recovery, and a high-gain free electron laser amplifier. A fraction of the free electron laser output is coupled to the input to operate the free electron laser in the regenerative mode. A mode filter in this loop prevents run away instability. Another fraction of the output, after suitable frequency up conversion, is used to drive the photocathode. An external laser is provided to start up both the amplifier and the injector, thus igniting the system.

Kim, Kwang-Je (Burr Ridge, IL); Zholents, Alexander (Walnut Creek, CA); Zolotorev, Max (Oakland, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing: Five-Axle Combination Tractor-Flatbed Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, in coordination with the Federal Highway Administration, sponsored the Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT) program in order to provide information about the effect of gross vehicle weight (GVW) on braking performance. Because the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations limit the number of braking system defects that may exist for a vehicle to be allowed to operate on the roadways, the examination of the effect of brake defects on brake performance for increased loads is also relevant. The HOVBT program seeks to provide relevant information to policy makers responsible for establishing load limits, beginning with providing test data for a combination tractor/trailer. This testing was conducted on a five-axle combination vehicle with tractor brakes meeting the Reduced Stopping Distance requirement rulemaking. This report provides a summary of the testing activities, the results of various analyses of the data, and recommendations for future research. Following a complete brake rebuild, instrumentation, and brake burnish, stopping tests were performed from 20 and 40 mph with various brake application pressures (15 psi, 25 psi, 35 psi, 45 psi, 55 psi, and full system pressure). These tests were conducted for various brake conditions at the following GVWs: 60,000, 80,000, 91,000, 97,000, 106,000, and 116,000 lb. The 80,000-lb GVWs included both balanced and unbalanced loads. The condition of the braking system was also varied. To introduce these defects, brakes (none, forward drive axle, or rear trailer axle) were made inoperative. In addition to the stopping tests, performance-based brake tests were conducted for the various loading and brake conditions. Analysis of the stopping test data showed the stopping distance to increase with load (as expected) and also showed that more braking force was generated by the drive axle brakes than the trailer axle brakes. The constant-pressure stopping test data revealed a linear relationship between brake application pressure and was used to develop an algorithm to normalize stopping data for weight and initial speed.

Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL; Capps, Gary J [ORNL; Franzese, Oscar [ORNL

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

A New Aerodynamic Traction Principle for Handling Products on an Air Cushion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A New Aerodynamic Traction Principle for Handling Products on an Air Cushion Guillaume J. Laurent. The product is carried on a thin air cushion and transported along the system by induced air flows principle for handling delicate and clean products, such as silicon wafers, glass sheets or flat foodstuff

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

96

Co-Simulation of an Electric Traction Drive Christoph Schulte and Joachim Bocker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Co-Simulation of an Electric Traction Drive Christoph Schulte and Joachim B¨ocker Abstract--For the simulation of electrical drives, reduced- order models or simple look-up tables are often used in order) for an electric drive, where the control structure, power electronics and motor are modeled in different environ

Paderborn, Universität

97

A Library of SIMULINK Blocks for Real-Time Control of HEV Traction John Chiasson1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

algorithms for the various types of motor drives considered for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs algorithms for the various types of motor drives considered for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs02FCC-30 A Library of SIMULINK Blocks for Real-Time Control of HEV Traction Drives John Chiasson1

Tolbert, Leon M.

98

INTRODUCTION The main reasons for fitting traction aids to forest machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRODUCTION The main reasons for fitting traction aids to forest machines are to increase the grip between machine wheels and the ground surface and to spread load weight. The area of the wheel in contact than wheels alone the footprint size increases and ground pressure exerted by the machine is reduced

99

EV3 : Traction drives and generators A: Electric machine design and optimization 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EV3 : Traction drives and generators A: Electric machine design and optimization 1 Influence Electrical Machine Type B. Aslan1 , J. Korecki1 , T. Vigier1 , E. Semail1 bassel.aslan@yahoo.com, korecki according to the electrical angle e (angle between current and back-EMF vector), for different values

Boyer, Edmond

100

Energy Efficiency in Heavy Vehicle Tires, Drivetrains, and Braking Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document was prepared to support the primary goals of the Department of Energy, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies. These were recently stated as follows: ''Develop by 2004 the enabling technologies for a class 7-8 truck with a fuel efficiency of 10 mpg (at 65 mph) which will meet prevailing emission standards. For Class 3-6 trucks operating on an urban driving cycle, develop by 2004 commercially viable vehicles that achieve at least double the fuel economy of comparable current vehicles (1999), and as a research goal, reduce criteria pollutants to 30% below EPA standards. Develop by 2004 the diesel engine enabling technologies to support large-scale industry dieselization of Class 1 and 2 trucks, achieving a 35 % fuel efficiency improvement over comparable gasoline-fueled trucks, while meeting applicable emissions standards.'' The enabling technologies for improving the fuel efficiency of trucks, include not only engine technologies but also technologies involved with lowering the rolling resistance of tires, reducing vehicle aerodynamic drag, improving thermal management, and reducing parasitic frictional losses in drive train components. Opportunities also exist for making better use of the energy that might ordinarily be dissipated during vehicle braking. Braking systems must be included in this evaluation since safety in truck operations is vital, and braking requirements are greater for vehicles having lowered resistance to rolling. The Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies has initiated a program to improve the aerodynamics of heavy vehicles through wind tunnel testing, computational modeling, and on-road evaluations. That activity is described in a separate multi-year plan; therefore, emphasis in this document will be on tires, drive trains, and braking systems. Recent, dramatic fluctuations in diesel fuel prices have emphasized the importance of effecting savings in truck fuel economy by implementing new component designs and materials.

Peter J. Blau

2000-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Regenerative oscillation and four-wave mixing in graphene optoelectronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regenerative oscillation and four-wave mixing in graphene optoelectronics T. Gu1 *, N. Petrone2 , J consecutive first observations in graphene­ silicon hybrid optoelectronic devices--ultralow-power resonant optoelectronics and all-optical signal processing. S ubwavelength nanostructures in monolithic material platforms

Hone, James

102

Regenerative memory in time-delayed neuromorphic photonic systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate a regenerative memory based upon a time-delayed neuromorphic photonic oscillator and discuss the link with temporal localized structures. Our experimental implementation is based upon a optoelectronic system composed of a nanoscale nonlinear resonant tunneling diode coupled to a laser that we link to the paradigm of neuronal activity, the FitzHugh-Nagumo model with delayed feedback.

Romeira, B; Figueiredo, José M L; Barland, S; Javaloyes, J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive drum brakes Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology Collection: Chemistry 3 Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment Tools Summary: System Visual determination of potentially unsafe...

104

E-Print Network 3.0 - air brakes Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

... Source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Center for Transportation Analysis Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 2 CMV Brake Wear and Performance Test Little is...

105

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive brake materials Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

such as trucks, tractor... -trailers and buses. In these brake systems, compressed air is used as the energy transmitting medium to ... Source: Southwest Region University...

106

Traction Drive System for Electric Vehicles, Using Multilevel Converters Juan W. Dixon, Micah Ortzar and Felipe Ros  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traction Drive System for Electric Vehicles, Using Multilevel Converters Juan W. Dixon, Micah converters for electric vehicles using multilevel inverters. They are being compared with inverters using. Introduction Power Electronics technologies contribute with important part in the development of electric

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

107

ECE 438 Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Catalog Description: History of electric traction. Introduction to electric and hybrid-electric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECE 438 ­ Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Catalog Description: History of electric traction. Introduction to electric and hybrid-electric vehicle configurations. Vehicle mechanics. Energy sources and storage. Range prediction. Motor for HEVs. Electric drive components. Vehicle transmission system. Credits

108

Roles of 3D traction forces in migration and focal adhesion dynamics of bovine aortic endothelial cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BY BAEC. 51 FIG. 3-21. 3D DISPLACEMENT FIELD BY BAECPAXILLIN 52 xii FIG. 3-22. 3D TRACTION FORCE FIELD BY BAEC61 FIG. 3-31. 3D DISPLACEMENT FIELD OF GFP-FAK TRANSFECTED

Hur, Sung-Sik

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Plant and Environment Interactions Arsenic Accumulation in the Hyperaccumulator Chinese Brake and Its Utilization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a greenhouse. At recently, however, has Chinese brake (Pteris vittata L.)harvest, the Chinese brake produced soils (0.47­7.56 mg As kg 1 ),concentration to water-soluble arsenic in soil) of 1450 and a transloca to remediate arsenic contaminated soils. schullat, 2000), soil arsenic concentration (Jiang and Singh, 1994

Ma, Lena

110

Integrated vehicle dynamics control via coordination of active front steering and rear braking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated vehicle dynamics control via coordination of active front steering and rear brakingComputer and Automation Research Institue, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Kende u. 13-17, H-1111, Budapest, Hungary, Email front steering and rear braking in a driver- assist system for vehicle yaw control. The proposed control

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

111

Vehicle yaw control via coordinated use of steering/braking systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicle yaw control via coordinated use of steering/braking systems M. Doumiati, O. Sename, J.sename@gipsa-lab.grenoble-inp.fr) Computer and Automation Research Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Kende u. 13-17, H-1111, Budapest with steer- ing/braking coordination task for vehicle yaw control. For steerability enhancement, only active

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

112

Modeling the pneumatic relay valve of an s-cam air brake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- niques. The design of a model-based diagnostic system requires the development and experimental corroboration of a mathematical model of the evolution of pressure in each brake chamber of a truck in response to the application of brake pedal input...

Vilayannur Natarajan, Shankar

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

113

Modeling the pneumatic subsystem of a S-cam air brake system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The air brake system is one of the critical components in ensuring the safe operation of any commercial vehicle. This work is directed towards the development of a fault-free model of the pneumatic subsystem of the air brake system. This model can...

Coimbatore Subramanian, Shankar

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

114

Fault tolerant control of automatically controlled vehicles in response to brake system failures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the brake system is vital. In this thesis, nonlinear failure detection filters are used for fault detection of sensors and actuators in a class of nonlinear systems. In this thesis, the effects of brake system failures in an AHS where the vehicle steering...

Hsien, Li-Wei

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Emission Factor for Antimony in Brake Abrasion Dusts as One of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

originating from automobiles. Abrasion dusts from commercially available brake pads (nonasbestos organic type factors originating from automobiles were approximately 32 µg Sb/braking/car for PM10 and 22 µg Sb of automobiles to the atmospheric Sb concen- tration. The emission factors of pollutants from automobiles have

Short, Daniel

116

Wind turbine trailing-edge aerodynamic brake design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the design of a centrifugally actuated aerodynamic-overspeed device for a horizontal-axis wind turbine. The device will meet the following criteria; (1) It will be effective for airfoil angles of attack 0{degrees} to 45{degrees}. (2) It will be stowed inside the blade profile prior to deployment. (3) It will be capable of offsetting the positive torque produced by the overall blade. (4) Hinge moments will be minimized to lower actuator loads and cost. (5) It will be evaluated as a potential power modulating active rotor-control system. A literature review of aerodynamic braking devices was conducted. Information from the literature review was used to conceptualize the most effective devices for subsequent testing and design. Wind-tunnel test data for several braking devices are presented in this report. Using the data for the most promising configuration, a preliminary design was developed for a MICON 65/13 wind turbine with Phoenix 7.9-m rotor blades.

Quandt, G.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Preliminary survey report: control technology for brake lining at Northwest Local School District, Cincinnati, Ohio  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A walk-through survey of control technology for reducing asbestos exposure during maintenance and repair of vehicular brakes was conducted at Northwest Local School District, Cincinnati, Ohio in January, 1986. The primary method for controlling and collecting dust during brake servicing was a wet-washing technique and good work practices, ensuring that exposure to hazardous physical or chemical agents was reduced or eliminated. Also available was an enclosed-type brake assembly cleaner designed to be connected to the shop air and a vacuum system. The brake assembly cleaner did not have a viewing port to examine the area being cleaned. The operator had to remove the unit to inspect the cleaned area potentially exposing himself to any dust remaining on the brake shoes or hub. The unit itself was a potential dust source as it was designed to fit 16-inch wheels and did not form a tight seal on the smaller 15-inch wheels of the newer buses. The authors conclude that the wet wash technique is an excellent method for controlling asbestos emissions during brake maintenance. The vacuum brake-assembly cleaner is inadequate and potentially hazardous. An in-depth survey of the wet technique is recommended.

Cooper, T.C.; McGlothlin, J.D.; Godbey, F.W.; Sheehy, J.W.; O'Brien, D.M.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Propellant feed system of a regeneratively cooled scramjet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An expander cycle for an airframe-integrated hydrogen-fueled scramjet is analyzed to study regenerative cooling characteristics and overall specific impulse. Below Mach 10, the specific impulse and thrust coincide with the reference values. At Mach numbers above 10, a reduction of the specific impulse occurs due to the coolant flow rate requirement, which is accompanied by an increase of thrust. It is shown that the thrust may be increased by injecting excess fuel into the combustor to compensate for the decrease of the specific impulse. 9 refs.

Kanda, Takeshi; Masuya, Goro; Wakamatsu, Yoshio (National Aerospace Laboratory, Kakuda (Japan))

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Microcomputer analysis of regenerative heat exchangers for oscillating flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Regenerative heat exchangers for use in oscillating flows such as those occurring in Stirling engines present considerable analytical problems to the thermal engineer. A simplified finite element analysis has been implemented in a spreadsheet, providing improved access to analytical assumptions and allowing parametric analysis of current heat transfer data. In addition, an irreversibility analysis has been implemented using the thermal and friction results in the spreadsheet. It is suited for evaluation and insights into loss tradeoffs inside operating regenerators, to suggest new regenerator design concepts, and to focus experimental work. 22 refs., 13 figs.

Hutchinson, R.A.; Lyke, S.E.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

A New Absorption Cycle: The Single-Effect Regenerative Absoprtion Refrigeration Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I r;,.foO REGENERATIVE ABSORPTION Y- Wz Z .lW U t- o 0:I:I I I /f I I I ~~-/5f=- - - - ABSORPTION .c:::. ." ." ,,,"l e lR (regene r ative absorption) using NH3/H20 mixture s .

Dao, K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Integration and Dynamics of a Renewable Regenerative Hydrogen Fuel Cell System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integration and Dynamics of a Renewable Regenerative Hydrogen Fuel Cell System by Alvin Peter, hydrogen and electricity storage, and fuel cells. A special design feature of this test bed is the ability of the author. #12;ii Supervisory Committee Integration and Dynamics of a Renewable Regenerative Hydrogen Fuel

Victoria, University of

122

Analyses of regenerative wave patterns in adult hair follicle populations reveal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analyses of regenerative wave patterns in adult hair follicle populations reveal macro of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ABSTRACT The control of hair growth tools. Complex hair cycle domains and regenerative hair waves are present in normal adult (> 2 month

Chuong, Cheng-Ming

123

Heat transfer and combustion characteristics of a burner with a rotary regenerative heat exchanger  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors have developed a Rotary Regenerative Combustion (RRX) System, which is coupled with a compact high efficiency regenerative air heat exchanger and a combustion burner. This system contributes to saving energy of fuel firing industrial furnaces and decreases NO{sub x} emission. This technology can be considered as a solution of greenhouse problem. This paper, discusses a compact high efficiency regenerative air heat exchanger in comparison with the existing types of regenerative burners and reverse firing with high momentum fuel jet (with motive fluid) in the furnace. This burner is compact in size, with high fuel efficiency, low NOx emission, easy to operate, and reliable, based on the results of field tests and commercial operations. The authors can say that the RRX system is a regenerative burner of the second generation.

Hirose, Yasuo; Kaji, Hitoshi; Arai, Norio

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Achieving Consistent Maximum Brake Torque with Varied Injection Timing in a DI Diesel Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the characteristics of combustion for swept injection timings along the maximum brake torque plateau are determined. The research is conducted by varying injection timing at constant engine speed and load while measuring engine emissions and in-cylinder pressure...

Kroeger, Timothy H

2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

125

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive brake disc Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Please cite this article in press as: F. Massi, et al., Contact surface topography and system dynamics of brake squeal, Wear (2008), Summary: for future work. 487 References 488...

126

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive disc brakes Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Please cite this article in press as: F. Massi, et al., Contact surface topography and system dynamics of brake squeal, Wear (2008), Summary: for future work. 487 References 488...

127

A mathematical model for air brake systems in the presence of leaks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR AIR BRAKE SYSTEMS IN THE PRESENCE OF LEAKS A Thesis by SRIVATSAN RAMARATHNAM Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 2008 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering A MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR AIR BRAKE SYSTEMS IN THE PRESENCE OF LEAKS A Thesis by SRIVATSAN RAMARATHNAM Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Ramaratham, Srivatsan

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

128

Braking index of isolated uniformly rotating magnetized pulsars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Isolated pulsars are rotating neutron stars with accurately measured angular velocities $\\Omega$, and their time derivatives which show unambiguously that the pulsars are slowing down. Although the exact mechanism of the spin-down is a question of debate in detail, the commonly accepted view is that it arises through emission of magnetic dipole radiation (MDR) from a rotating magnetized body. Other processes, including the emission of gravitational radiation, and of relativistic particles (pulsar wind), are also being considered. The calculated energy loss by a rotating pulsar with a constant moment of inertia is assumed proportional to a model dependent power of $\\Omega$. This relation leads to the power law $\\dot{\\Omega}$ = -K $\\Omega^{\\rm n}$ where $n$ is called the braking index. The MDR model predicts $n$ exactly equal to 3. Selected observations of isolated pulsars provide rather precise values of $n$, individually accurate to a few percent or better, in the range 1$ <$ n $ < $ 2.8, which is consi...

Hamil, Oliver; Urbanec, Martin; Urbancova, Gabriela

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

3736 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 59, NO. 8, OCTOBER 2010 Asymmetrical Multilevel Inverter for Traction Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this "one-source" multilevel system. Index Terms--AC motor drives, electric vehicles (EVs), hybrid EVs (HEVs Multilevel Inverter for Traction Drives Using Only One DC Supply Juan Dixon, Senior Member, IEEE, Javier of isolated and floating dc supplies, which makes these converters complicated to implement in electric

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

130

Laboratory testing of the (Japan Storage Battery) traction batteries GS E75A and GS E150H  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the testing of the GS E75A and GS E150H flooded lead-acid 12-volt traction batteries and compares the selected batteries to U.S.-made electric vehicle batteries. The results and conclusions of the testing are presented.

Not Available

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Investigation of the singular integral and discontinuous traction problems for boundary element three-dimensional elastostatics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

] ) d dFI x dR/dF2( = (gl+ g2 + g3) 2 2 2 I/2 gl = (dX2/deal 3 62 ? ( 3 KI)( 2 2) 2 (dX1/dF'2 (dX3/dFI) ? (dXI/df1)(dX2/de) g = (dxl/dFI)(dX2 F2 ? (dXI/dF2 (dx2/dFI The unit outward normal to the surface is computed from; g' gl g2 g3 2 2 2 1/2 (33... (interior) point "i", we obtain il* a I a P ? dI'? 1 i i 1* i 1* Uk dr + bk de (71) ax r ax m r ax m ax m The derivatives in (71) may be evaluated from the fundamental il* il* displacement and traction Uk and Pk (11, 12), while the surface...

Awad, Nadim Mansour

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

PM Motor Parametric Design Analyses for a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Drive Application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR (Cooperative Automotive Research) and Vehicle Technologies office has a strong interest in making rapid progress in permanent magnet (PM) machine development. The DOE FreedomCAR program is directing various technology development projects that will advance the technology and hopefully lead to a near-term request for proposals (RFP) for a to-be-determined level of initial production. This aggressive approach is possible because the technology is clearly within reach and the approach is deemed essential, based on strong market demand, escalating fuel prices, and competitive considerations. In response, this study began parallel development paths that included a literature search/review, development and utilization of multiple parametric models, verification of the modeling methodology, development of an interior PM (IPM) machine baseline design, development of alternative machine baseline designs, and cost analyses for several candidate machines. This report summarizes the results of these activities as of September 2004. This report provides background and summary information for recent machine parametric studies and testing programs that demonstrate both the potential capabilities and technical limitations of brushless PM machines (axial gap and radial gap), the IPM machine, the surface-mount PM machines (interior or exterior rotor), induction machines, and switched-reluctance machines. The FreedomCAR program, while acknowledging the progress made by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Delphi, Delco-Remy International, and others in these programs, has redirected efforts toward a ''short path'' to a marketable and competitive PM motor for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) traction applications. The program has developed a set of performance targets for the type of traction machine desired. The short-path approach entails a comprehensive design effort focusing on the IPM machine and meeting the performance targets. The selection of the IPM machine reflects industry's confidence in this market-proven design that exhibits a high power density.

Staunton, R.H.

2004-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

133

PM Motor Parametric Design Analyses for Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Drive Application: Interim Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR (Cooperative Automotive Research) and Vehicle Technologies has a strong interest in making rapid progress in permanent magnet (PM) machine development. The program is directing various technology development projects that will advance the technology and lead to request for proposals (RFP) for manufacturer prototypes. This aggressive approach is possible because the technology is clearly within reach and the approach is deemed essential, based on strong market demand, escalating fuel prices, and competitive considerations. In response, this study began parallel development paths that included a literature search/review, development and utilization of multiple parametric models to determine the effects of design parameters, verification of the modeling methodology, development of an interior PM (IPM) machine baseline design, development of alternative machine baseline designs, and cost analyses for several candidate machines. This interim progress report summarizes the results of these activities as of June 2004. This report provides background and summary information for recent machine parametric studies and testing programs that demonstrate both the potential capabilities and technical limitations of brushless PM machines (axial gap and radial gap), the IPM machine, the surface-mount PM machines (interior or exterior rotor), induction machines, and switched reluctance machines. The FreedomCAR program, while acknowledging the progress made by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Delphi, Delco-Remy International, and others in these programs, has redirected efforts toward a ''short path'' to a marketable and competitive PM motor for hybrid electric vehicle traction applications. The program has developed a set of performance targets for the type of traction machine desired. The short-path approach entails a comprehensive design effort focusing on the IPM machine and meeting the performance targets. The selection of the IPM machine reflects industry's confidence in this market-proven design that exhibits a power density surpassed by no other machine design.

Staunton, R.H.

2004-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

134

Cell Microenvironment Engineering and Monitoring for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine: The Recent Advances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, the conditions in the immediate vicinity of the cells have a direct effect on cells’ behaviour and subsequently on clinical outcomes. Physical, chemical, and biological ...

Barthes, Julien

135

Preliminary survey report: evaluation of brake-drum service controls at Pennsylvania Bureau of Vehicle Management, Vehicle Maintenance Division, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Exposure to asbestos during the servicing of brakes on state-owned vehicles at the Bureau of Vehicle Management Maintenance Division, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, was investigated as part of a study of control technologies. Brakes had been serviced at this garage facility for the previous year using a BCE-1000 Clayton brake-cleaning unit, sized for cars, vans, and pickups. The brake-cleaning unit consisted of a transparent enclosure hood and a HEPA vacuum filter dust collector, designed to contain and collect all brake-lining dust during vehicular brake maintenance and replacement. The authors conclude that the Clayton BCE-1000 dust-control unit appeared to be effective in containing and collecting brake dust during all vehicular brake maintenance and replacement jobs in this situation.

Van Wagenen, H.D.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

On The Use of Eddy Current Brakes as Tunable, Fast Turn-On Viscous Dampers For Haptic Rendering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On The Use of Eddy Current Brakes as Tunable, Fast Turn-On Viscous Dampers For Haptic Rendering, linear dampers for haptic rendering using a prototype haptic device outfitted with eddy current brakes discuss the results from haptic experiments for rendering viscosity, virtual walls and virtual friction

Hayward, Vincent

137

Neutron scattering residual stress measurements on gray cast iron brake discs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron diffraction was used to investigate the effects of a heat treatment designed to remove internal residual stresses in brake discs. It is believed that residual stresses may change the rate of deformation of the discs during severe braking conditions when the disc temperature is increased significantly. Neutron diffraction was used to map out residual strain distributions in a production disc before and after a stress-relieving heat treatment. Results from these neutron diffraction experiments show that some residual strains were reduced by as much as 400 microstrain by stress relieving. 5 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Spooner, S.; Payzant, E.A.; Hubbard, C.R. [and others

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

REPORT on the TRUCK BRAKE LINING WORKSHOP and FLEET OPERATORS' SURVEY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report summarizes what transpired during brake linings-related workshop held at the Fall 2003 meeting of the Technology and Maintenance Council (TMC) in Charlotte, NC. The title of the workshop was ''Developing a Useful Friction Material Rating System''. It was organized by a team consisting of Peter Blau (Oak Ridge National Laboratory), Jim Britell (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration), and Jim Lawrence (Motor and Equipment Manufacturers Association). The workshop was held under the auspices of TMC Task Force S6 (Chassis), chaired by Joseph Stianche (Sanderson Farms, Inc.). Six invited speakers during the morning session provided varied perspectives on testing and rating aftermarket automotive and truck brake linings. They were: James R. Clark, Chief Engineer, Foundation Brakes and Wheel Equipment, Dana Corporation, Spicer Heavy Axle and Brake Division; Charles W. Greening, Jr, President, Greening Test Labs; Tim Duncan, General Manager, Link Testing Services;Dennis J. McNichol, President, Dennis NationaLease; Jim Fajerski, Business Manager, OE Sales and Applications Engineering, Federal Mogul Corporation; and Peter J. Blau, Senior Materials Development Engineer, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The afternoon break-out sessions addressed nine questions concerning such issues as: ''Should the federal government regulate aftermarket lining quality?''; ''How many operators use RP 628, and if so, what's good or bad about it?''; and ''Would there be any value to you of a vocation-specific rating system?'' The opinions of each discussion group, consisting of 7-9 participants, were reported and consolidated in summary findings on each question. Some questions produced a greater degree of agreement than others. In general, the industry seems eager for more information that would allow those who are responsible for maintaining truck brakes to make better, more informed choices on aftermarket linings. A written fleet operator survey was also conducted during the TMC meeting. Twenty-one responses were received, spanning fleet sizes between 12 and 170,000 vehicles. Responses are summarized in a series of tables separated into responses from small (100 or fewer powered vehicles), medium (101-1000 vehicles), and large fleets (>1000 vehicles). The vast majority of fleets do their own brake maintenance, relying primarily on experience and lining manufactures to select aftermarket linings. At least half of the responders are familiar to some extent with TMC Recommended Practice 628 on brake linings, but most do not use this source of test data as the sole criterion to select linings. Significant shortfalls in the applicability of TMC RP 628 to certain types of brake systems were noted.

Blau, P.J.

2003-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

139

Recycled brake linings as partial aggregate substitute in asphalt paving. Construction and final report. Report for July 1992-August 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this project was to evaluate the performance of asphalt containing various percentages of brake lining as an aggregate, and compare its performance to that of normal asphalt containing natural aggregate. This project is an effort to explore alternate ways to use waste product. Four test section of FB-2 Modified mix containing brake lining materials were placed in July 1992 along with one control section on SR 3022 in Mercer county. To date all sections are performing satisfactory, and Brake linings should be recommended as a viable partial replacement of aggregate in bituminous materials. This study only considered the performance of only off-spec brake linings, therefore, any performance data or enviromental effects of placement of used brake material should be addressed.

Miller, P.A.; Sukley, R.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

A regenerative multiple zone model for HCCI combustion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new conserved scalar approach, the so-called regenerative multiple zone (RMZ) model, is introduced to simulate combustion in homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engines with significant products of combustion. In this approach, two conserved scalars are introduced, the mixture fraction Z and the initial exhaust gas fraction J, to determine uniquely the state of the reactive system as a function of the two conserved scalars and time. For the numerical solution of the HCCI combustion, the conserved scalar plane is divided into different zones, which represent homogeneous reactors with constant initial exhaust gas level. Particularly, the zones are created based on the distribution of the initial exhaust gases and are mixed and regenerated at every time step during combustion in order to account for the history effects which are due to the finite rate chemistry. A proper methodology to create and initialize the new zones during the combustion, the so-called zone creation strategy (ZCS), is also proposed. For validation, the RMZ model is implemented in the 2DRD code, which is a computational fluid dynamics code that solves the governing equations for a two-dimensional reaction-diffusion problem. Initially, the consistency of the new model is validated in a one-dimensional reaction-diffusion (RD) case. Subsequently, the necessity for a proper zone creation strategy is demonstrated by a two-dimensional RD case. Next, a parametric study is performed to investigate the sensitivity of the new model on the maximum number of zones that is used. Finally, the limitations as well as the advantages of the RMZ model are discussed. (author)

Hamosfakidis, Vasileios; Im, Hong G.; Assanis, Dennis N. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The feasibility of a unitised regenerative fuel cell with a reversible carbon-based hydrogen storage electrode.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis seeks to experimentally demonstrate the possibility of reversible storage of hydrogen directly into a carbon-based electrode of a PEM unitised regenerative fuel cell.… (more)

Jazaeri, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Intergranular fracture in UO{sub 2}: derivation of traction-separation law from atomistic simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, the intergranular fracture behavior of UO{sub 2} was studied by molecular dynamics simulations using the Basak potential. In addition, the constitutive traction-separation law was derived from atomistic data using the cohesive-zone model. In the simulations a bicrystal model with the (100) symmetric tilt ?5 grain boundaries was utilized. Uniaxial tension along the grain boundary normal was applied to simulate Mode-I fracture. The fracture was observed to propagate along the grain boundary by micro-pore nucleation and coalescence, giving an overall intergranular fracture behavior. Phase transformations from the Fluorite to the Rutile and Scrutinyite phases were identified at the propagating crack tips. These new phases are metastable and they transformed back to the Fluorite phase at the wake of crack tips as the local stress concentration was relieved by complete cracking. Such transient behavior observed at atomistic scale was found to substantially increase the energy release rate for fracture. Insertion of Xe gas into the initial notch showed minor effect on the overall fracture behavior. (authors)

Zhang, Yongfeng; Millett, P.C.; Tonks, M.R.; Bai, Xian-Ming; Biner, S.B. [Fuels Modeling and Simulation Department, Idaho National Laboratory - INL, Idaho Falls, ID 83415 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Intergranular fracture in UO2: derivation of traction-separation law from atomistic simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, the intergranular fracture behavior of UO2 was studied by molecular dynamics simulations using the Basak potential. In addition, the constitutive traction-separation law was derived from atomistic data using the cohesive-zone model. In the simulations a bicrystal model with the (100) symmetric tilt E5 grain boundaries was utilized. Uniaxial tension along the grain boundary normal was applied to simulate Mode-I fracture. The fracture was observed to propagate along the grain boundary by micro-pore nucleation and coalescence, giving an overall intergranular fracture behavior. Phase transformations from the Fluorite to the Rutile and Scrutinyite phases were identified at the propagating crack tips. These new phases are metastable and they transformed back to the Fluorite phase at the wake of crack tips as the local stress concentration was relieved by complete cracking. Such transient behavior observed at atomistic scale was found to substantially increase the energy release rate for fracture. Insertion of Xe gas into the initial notch showed minor effect on the overall fracture behavior.

Yongfeng Zhang; Paul C Millett; Michael R Tonks; Xian-Ming Bai; S Bulent Biner

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment Conduct a proof-of-concept  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment Purpose Conduct a proof-of-concept test to examine the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's Vehicle and Roadside Operations Division Concept stemming conducted for the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration. Signals to be collected Real

145

A study of factors affecting foot movement time in a braking maneuver  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nature of foot movement time (MT) in an actual braking maneuver and in a stationary vehicle was investigated regarding the effects of age and gender of the driver and nature of the stimulus to which the driver was responding. ANOVAs showed...

Berman, Andrea Helene

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Adaptive scapula bone remodeling computational simulation: Relevance to regenerative medicine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Shoulder arthroplasty success has been attributed to many factors including, bone quality, soft tissue balancing, surgeon experience, and implant design. Improved long-term success is primarily limited by glenoid implant loosening. Prosthesis design examines materials and shape and determines whether the design should withstand a lifetime of use. Finite element (FE) analyses have been extensively used to study stresses and strains produced in implants and bone. However, these static analyses only measure a moment in time and not the adaptive response to the altered environment produced by the therapeutic intervention. Computational analyses that integrate remodeling rules predict how bone will respond over time. Recent work has shown that subject-specific two- and three dimensional adaptive bone remodeling models are feasible and valid. Feasibility and validation were achieved computationally, simulating bone remodeling using an intact human scapula, initially resetting the scapular bone material properties to be uniform, numerically simulating sequential loading, and comparing the bone remodeling simulation results to the actual scapula’s material properties. Three-dimensional scapula FE bone model was created using volumetric computed tomography images. Muscle and joint load and boundary conditions were applied based on values reported in the literature. Internal bone remodeling was based on element strain-energy density. Initially, all bone elements were assigned a homogeneous density. All loads were applied for 10 iterations. After every iteration, each bone element’s remodeling stimulus was compared to its corresponding reference stimulus and its material properties modified. The simulation achieved convergence. At the end of the simulation the predicted and actual specimen bone apparent density were plotted and compared. Location of high and low predicted bone density was comparable to the actual specimen. High predicted bone density was greater than actual specimen. Low predicted bone density was lower than actual specimen. Differences were probably due to applied muscle and joint reaction loads, boundary conditions, and values of constants used. Work is underway to study this. Nonetheless, the results demonstrate three dimensional bone remodeling simulation validity and potential. Such adaptive predictions take physiological bone remodeling simulations one step closer to reality. Computational analyses are needed that integrate biological remodeling rules and predict how bone will respond over time. We expect the combination of computational static stress analyses together with adaptive bone remodeling simulations to become effective tools for regenerative medicine research.

Sharma, Gulshan B., E-mail: gbsharma@ucalgary.ca [Emory University, Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Spine and Orthopaedic Center, Atlanta, Georgia 30329 (United States); University of Pittsburgh, Swanson School of Engineering, Department of Bioengineering, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); University of Calgary, Schulich School of Engineering, Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4 (Canada); Robertson, Douglas D., E-mail: douglas.d.robertson@emory.edu [Emory University, Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Spine and Orthopaedic Center, Atlanta, Georgia 30329 (United States); University of Pittsburgh, Swanson School of Engineering, Department of Bioengineering, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Investigation of the part-load performance of two 1. 12 MW regenerative marine gas turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Regenerative and intercooled-regenerative gas turbine engines with low pressure ratio have significant efficiency advantages over traditional aero-derivative engines of higher pressure ratios, and can compete with modern diesel engines for marine propulsion. Their performance is extremely sensitive to thermodynamic-cycle parameter choices and the type of components. The performance of two 1.12 MW (1,500 hp) regenerative gas turbines are predicted with computer simulations. One engine has a single-shaft configuration, and the other has a gas-generator/power-turbine combination. The latter arrangement is essential for wide off-design operating regime. The performance of each engine driving fixed-pitch and controllable-pitch propellers, or an AC electric bus (for electric-motor-driven propellers) is investigated. For commercial applications the controllable-pitch propeller may have efficiency advantages (depending on engine type and shaft arrangements). For military applications the electric drive provides better operational flexibility.

Korakianitis, T.; Beier, K.J. (Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Fractional-Slot Surface Mounted PM Motors with Concentrated Windings for HEV Traction Drives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-power density and efficiency resulting from elimination of rotor windings and reduced magnetic-flux losses have made the rare earth permanent magnet (PM) motor a leading candidate for the Department of Energy's Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (FCVTs) traction drive motor. These traction drives are generally powered by radial-gap motors, having the magnets on or embedded in a rotating cylinder separated from the inside surface of a slotted cylindrical stator by an annular gap. The two main types of radial-gap PM rotors are those with magnets mounted on the surface of a supporting back iron, called PM surface mounted (PMSM) motors, and those with magnets mounted in slots in the rotor, called interior PM (IPM) motors. Most early PM motor research was on the PMSM motor, which was thought to have an inherently low stator inductance. A low stator inductance can lead to currents dangerously exceeding rated current as the back-emf across the inductance increases with speed; consequently, part of the attempted solution has been to increase the stator inductance to reduce the rate of current rise. Although analysis suggested that there should be no problem designing sufficiently high stator inductance into PMSMs, attempts to do so were often not successful and a motor design was sought that would have a higher intrinsic inductance. Commercial research at Toyota has focused on IPM motors because they can achieve a high-saliency ratio, which helps them operate over a high constant power speed ratio (CPSR), but they are more difficult to fabricate. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) position has been to continue research on brushless direct current (dc) motors (BDCMs) because of ease of fabrication and increased power output. Recently there has been a revival of interest in a fractional-slot PMSMs [15] made with concentrated windings because they possess three important features. First, they can increase the motor's inductance sufficiently to reduce the characteristic current to value of the rated current, which will enable them to operate at high CPSR. This feature also limits short-circuit fault currents. Second, their segmented structure simplifies assembly problems and is expected to reduce assembly costs. Third, the back-emf waveform is nearly sinusoidal with low cogging. To examine in depth this design ORNL entered into a collaborative agreement with the University of Wisconsin to build and test a 6 kW laboratory demonstration unit. Design, fabrication, and testing of the unit to 4000 rpm were completed during FY 2005. The motor will be sent to ORNL to explore ways to control its inverter to achieve higher efficiency during FY 2006. This paper first reviews the concept of characteristic current and what is meant by optimal flux weakening. It then discusses application of the fractional-slot concentrated winding technique to increase the d-axis inductance of a PMSM showing how this approach differs from an integral-slot motor with sinusoidal-distributed windings. This discussion is followed by a presentation of collaborative analyses and comparison with the University of Wisconsin's measured data on a 6 kW, 36-slot, 30-pole motor with concentrated windings. Finally ORNL presents a PMSM design with integral-slot windings that appears to meet the FreedomCAR Specifications, but has some disadvantages. Further collaboration with the University of Wisconsin is planned for FY 2006 to design a motor that meets FreedomCAR specifications.

Bailey, J.M.

2005-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

149

Traction Drive Inverter Cooling with Submerged Liquid Jet Impingement on Microfinned Enhanced Surfaces (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Jet impingement is one means to improve thermal management for power electronics in electric-drive traction vehicles. Jet impingement on microfin-enhanced surfaces further augments heat transfer and thermal performance. A channel flow heat exchanger from a commercial inverter was characterized as a baseline system for comparison with two new prototype designs using liquid jet impingement on plain and microfinned enhanced surfaces. The submerged jets can target areas with the highest heat flux to provide local cooling, such as areas under insulated-gate bipolar transistors and diode devices. Low power experiments, where four diodes were powered, dissipated 105 W of heat and were used to validate computational fluid dynamics modeling of the baseline and prototype designs. Experiments and modeling used typical automotive flow rates using water-ethylene glycol as a coolant (50%-50% by volume). The computational fluid dynamics model was used to predict full inverter power heat dissipation. The channel flow and jet impingement configurations were tested at full inverter power of 40 to 100 kW (output power) on a dynamometer, translating to an approximate heat dissipation of 1 to 2 kW. With jet impingement, the cold plate material is not critical for the thermal pathway. A high-temperature plastic was used that could eventually be injection molded or formed, with the jets formed from a basic aluminum plate with orifices acting as nozzles. Long-term reliability of the jet nozzles and impingement on enhanced surfaces was examined. For jet impingement on microfinned surfaces, thermal performance increased 17%. Along with a weight reduction of approximately 3 kg, the specific power (kW/kg) increased by 36%, with an increase in power density (kW/L) of 12% compared with the baseline channel flow configuration.

Waye, S.; Narumanchi, S.; Moreno, G.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Personal equipment for low seam coal miners. 8. Improved traction rubber boot soles. Report for 1978-82  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on laboratory and preliminary field tests of off-the-shelf steel-toed rubber boots, a molded sole design was developed to provide increased traction over conventional calendared sole miners boots. The pattern provided sharp edges perpendicular to both lateral and fore-aft slip vectors. The sole was designed to reduce mud caking. An instep lace-up capability was added to better secure the foot inside the boot. A 5-month field evaluation compared the prototype boots to the boots the participants usually wear.

Sanders, M.S.; Downing, J.V.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Nonlinear analysis of time series of vibration data from a friction brake: SSA, PCA, and MFDFA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use the methodology of singular spectrum analysis (SSA), principal component analysis (PCA), and multi-fractal detrended fluctuation analysis (MFDFA), for investigating characteristics of vibration time series data from a friction brake. SSA and PCA are used to study the long time-scale characteristics of the time series. MFDFA is applied for investigating all time scales up to the smallest recorded one. It turns out that the majority of the long time-scale dynamics, that is presumably dominated by the structural dynamics of the brake system, is dominated by very few active dimensions only and can well be understood in terms of low dimensional chaotic attractors. The multi-fractal analysis shows that the fast dynamical processes originating in the friction interface are in turn truly multi-scale in nature.

Nikolay K. Vitanov; Norbert P. Hoffmann; Boris Wernitz

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

152

Pitting corrosion control using regenerative biolms on aluminium 2024 in articial seawater  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pitting corrosion control using regenerative bio®lms on aluminium 2024 in arti®cial seawater D, CT 06269-3222, USA b Corrosion and Environment Eects Laboratory (CEEL), Department of Materials polyglutamate or polyaspartate, an additional small increase in corrosion inhibition occurred. Corrosion control

Wood, Thomas K.

153

Corrosion control using regenerative biofilms (CCURB) on brass in different media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corrosion control using regenerative biofilms (CCURB) on brass in different media D. OOrnek a , T of Chemical Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-3222, USA b Corrosion and Environmental The corrosion behavior of cartridge brass (UNS C26000) exposed to artificial seawater (AS) and Luria Bertani (LB

Wood, Thomas K.

154

Corrosion Control Using Regenerative Biofilms on Aluminum 2024 and Brass in Different Media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corrosion Control Using Regenerative Biofilms on Aluminum 2024 and Brass in Different Media F. Mansfeld,a, *,z H. Hsu,a D. O¨ rnek,b T. K. Wood,b and B. C. Syrettc a Corrosion and Environmental Effects Institute, Palo Alto, California 94303, USA The corrosion behavior of Al 2024-T3 and C26000 brass exposed

Wood, Thomas K.

155

of Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine Forum" DateNov 27th  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Together ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Hosted by Center for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine ---Information--- Please register with their cell doses having failed to meet the minimum standard. Overall, these facts boosted us to look by utilizing mouse transplantation models a proof of concept that combined multiple units of allogeneic

Miyashita, Yasushi

156

ENERGY HARVESTING, RIDE COMFORT, AND ROAD HANDLING OF REGENERATIVE VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, wheel and chasses masses to the vehicle performances and harvestable power are studied. Experiments power on a typical highway. Kawaoto et al [10] modeled a ball-screw type electromagnetic damper a regenerative suspension with a ball screw and three-phase motor of a real car on vibration test rig

Zuo, Lei

157

Regenerative Hair Waves in Aging Mice and Extra-Follicular Modulators Follistatin, Dkk1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regenerative Hair Waves in Aging Mice and Extra-Follicular Modulators Follistatin, Dkk1, and Sfrp4 , Oscar K. Lee2,6 , Randall B. Widelitz1 and Cheng-Ming Chuong1,2 Hair cycling is modulated by factors both intrinsic and extrinsic to hair follicles. Cycling defects lead to conditions such as aging

Chuong, Cheng-Ming

158

DOES MAGNETIC-FIELD-ROTATION MISALIGNMENT SOLVE THE MAGNETIC BRAKING CATASTROPHE IN PROTOSTELLAR DISK FORMATION?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stars form in dense cores of molecular clouds that are observed to be significantly magnetized. In the simplest case of a laminar (non-turbulent) core with the magnetic field aligned with the rotation axis, both analytic considerations and numerical simulations have shown that the formation of a large, 10{sup 2} AU scale, rotationally supported protostellar disk is suppressed by magnetic braking in the ideal MHD limit for a realistic level of core magnetization. This theoretical difficulty in forming protostellar disks is termed the ''magnetic braking catastrophe''. A possible resolution to this problem, proposed by Hennebelle and Ciardi and Joos et al., is that misalignment between the magnetic field and rotation axis may weaken the magnetic braking enough to enable disk formation. We evaluate this possibility quantitatively through numerical simulations. We confirm the basic result of Joos et al. that the misalignment is indeed conducive to disk formation. In relatively weakly magnetized cores with dimensionless mass-to-flux ratio {approx}> 4, it enabled the formation of rotationally supported disks that would otherwise be suppressed if the magnetic field and rotation axis are aligned. For more strongly magnetized cores, disk formation remains suppressed, however, even for the maximum tilt angle of 90 Degree-Sign . If dense cores are as strongly magnetized as indicated by OH Zeeman observations (with a mean dimensionless mass-to-flux ratio {approx}2), it would be difficult for the misalignment alone to enable disk formation in the majority of them. We conclude that, while beneficial to disk formation, especially for the relatively weak field case, misalignment does not completely solve the problem of catastrophic magnetic braking in general.

Li Zhiyun [Astronomy Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Krasnopolsky, Ruben; Shang, Hsien [Academia Sinica, Theoretical Institute for Advanced Research in Astrophysics, Taipei, Taiwan (China)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Variations in gear fatigue life for different wind turbine braking strategies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A large number of gearbox failures have occurred in the wind industry in a relatively short period, many because service loads were underestimated. High-torque transients that occur during starting and stopping are difficult to predict and may be overlooked in specifying gearbox design. Although these events comprise a small portion of total load cycles, they can be the most damaging. The severity of these loads varies dramatically with the specific configuration of the wind turbine. The large number of failures in Danish-designed Micon 65 wind turbines prompted this investigation. The high-speed and low-speed shaft torques were measured on a two-stage helical gearbox of a single Micon 65 turbine. Transient events and normal running loads were combined statistically to obtain a typical annual load spectrum. The pitting and bending fatigue lives of the gear teeth were calculated by using Miner's rule for four different high-speed shaft brake configurations. Each breaking scenario was run for both a high- and a low-turbulence normal operating load spectrum. The analysis showed increases in gear life by up to a factor of 25 when the standard high-speed shaft brake is replaced with a dynamic brake or modified with a damper. 9 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

McNiff, B.P. (Second Wind, Inc., Somerville, MA (USA)); Musial, W.D. (Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (USA)); Errichello, R. (GEARTECH, Albany, CA (USA))

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Evaluation of a Current Source Active Power Filter to Reduce the DC Bus Capacitor in a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Drive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system, additional heat, audible noise, mechanical stress, and vibration [1]. DC bus harmonic current- powered three-phase inverter is used to drive the traction motor. Due to the switching behavior combustion engine, electric motor, and energy storage device (for example, batteries and ultracapacitors

Tolbert, Leon M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Regenerative Feedback Resonant Circuit to Detect Transient Changes in Electromagnetic Properties of Semi-Insulating Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A prototype regenerative feedback resonant circuit has been developed for measuring the transient spectral response due to perturbations in properties of various electromagnetic materials. The circuit can accommodate a variety of cavity resonators, shown here in the 8 GHz range, with passive quality factors (Qstat) as high as 7,000 depending upon material loading. The positive feedback enhanced dynamic quality factors (Qdyn) of resonator/material combinations in the regenerative circuit are on the order of 107 - 108. The theory, design, and implementation of the circuit is discussed along with real-time monitored example measurements of effects due to photon-induced charge carriers in high-resistivity silicon wafers and magnetic-field induced perturbations of yttrium-iron garnet.

Jones, Anthony M.; Kelly, James F.; Severtsen, Ronald H.; McCloy, John S.

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

162

Probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In its most recent report on the annual probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the annual failure rate is calculated to be 1.3E({minus}7)(1/yr), rounded off from 1.32E({minus}7). A calculation by the Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) produces a result that is about 4% higher, namely 1.37E({minus}7)(1/yr). The difference is due to a minor error in the US Department of Energy (DOE) calculations in the Westinghouse 1996 report. WIPP`s hoist safety relies on a braking system consisting of a number of components including two crucial valves. The failure rate of the system needs to be recalculated periodically to accommodate new information on component failure, changes in maintenance and inspection schedules, occasional incidents such as a hoist traveling out-of-control, either up or down, and changes in the design of the brake system. This report examines DOE`s last two reports on the redesigned waste hoist system. In its calculations, the DOE has accepted one EEG recommendation and is using more current information about the component failures rates, the Nonelectronic Parts Reliability Data (NPRD). However, the DOE calculations fail to include the data uncertainties which are described in detail in the NPRD reports. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission recommended that a system evaluation include mean estimates of component failure rates and take into account the potential uncertainties that exist so that an estimate can be made on the confidence level to be ascribed to the quantitative results. EEG has made this suggestion previously and the DOE has indicated why it does not accept the NRC recommendation. Hence, this EEG report illustrates the importance of including data uncertainty using a simple statistical example.

Greenfield, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Sargent, T.J. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)]|[Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Hoover Institution

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Collapse of Magnetized Singular Isothermal Toroids: II. Rotation and Magnetic Braking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study numerically the collapse of rotating, magnetized molecular cloud cores, focusing on rotation and magnetic braking during the main accretion phase of isolated star formation. Motivated by previous numerical work and analytic considerations, we idealize the pre-collapse core as a magnetized singular isothermal toroid, with a constant rotational speed everywhere. The collapse starts from the center, and propagates outwards in an inside-out fashion, satisfying exact self-similarity in space and time. For rotation rates and field strengths typical of dense low-mass cores, the main feature remains the flattening of the mass distribution along field lines -- the formation of a pseudodisk, as in the nonrotating cases. The density distribution of the pseudodisk is little affected by rotation. On the other hand, the rotation rate is strongly modified by pseudodisk formation. Most of the centrally accreted material reaches the vicinity of the protostar through the pseudodisk. The specific angular momentum can be greatly reduced on the way, by an order of magnitude or more, even when the pre-collapse field strength is substantially below the critical value for dominant cloud support. The efficient magnetic braking is due to the pinched geometry of the magnetic field in the pseudodisk, which strengthens the magnetic field and lengthens the level arm for braking. Both effects enhance the magnetic transport of angular momentum from inside to outside. The excess angular momentum is carried away in a low-speed outflow that has, despite claims made by other workers, little in common with observed bipolar molecular outflows. We discuss the implications of our calculations for the formation of true disks that are supported against gravity by rotation.

A. Allen; Z. Y. Li; F. H. Shu

2003-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

164

Hybrid Braking System for Non-Drive Axles | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject:Groundto Apply for Weatherization 7HybirdBraking System

165

Solar tracker motor having a fixed caliper and a translating caliper each with an electromagnetic brake system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Concepts and technologies described herein provide for an accurate and cost-effective method for rotating a solar array disk for tracking the movement of the sun. According to various aspects, a motor includes a fixed caliper and a translating caliper positioned adjacent to one another. Electromagnetically controlled brakes on the translating caliper grip the solar array disk while adjacent, but spaced apart, electromagnets on the fixed caliper and the translating caliper are energized to create an attractive force that pulls the translating caliper with the solar array disk toward the fixed caliper. After reaching the fixed caliper, brakes on the fixed caliper are engaged with the disk, brakes on the translating caliper are released from the disk, and the translating caliper is pushed back to the starting location where the process repeats until the desired rotation is completed.

Rau, Scott James

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

166

Rotational evolution of the Crab pulsar in the wind braking model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The pulsar wind model is updated by considering the effect of particle density and pulsar death. It can describe both the short term and long term rotational evolution of pulsars consistently. It is applied to model the rotational evolution of the Crab pulsar. The pulsar is spun down by a combination of magnetic dipole radiation and particle wind. The parameters of the Crab pulsar, including magnetic field, inclination angle, and particle density are calculated. The particle density in acceleration region is about 10^3 times the Goldreich-Julian charge density. The lower braking index between glitches is due to a larger particle density. This may be glitch induced magnetospheric activities in normal pulsars. Evolution of braking index and the Crab pulsar in P-Pdot diagram are calculated. The Crab pulsar will evolve from magnetic dipole radiation dominated case towards particle wind dominated case. Considering the effect of pulsar "death", the Crab pulsar (and other normal pulsars) will not evolve to the clust...

Kou, F F

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Hybrid: Braking  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeNew YorkLouisiana Laws andDakota1 Cleanbutton highlighted

168

Hybrid: Braking  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeNew YorkLouisiana Laws andDakota1 Cleanbutton highlightedButton

169

Hybrid: Braking  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterEnergyAuthorization for(EV) Road User AssessmentNRELhighlightedButton

170

Use of an auditory signal in a rear-end collision warning system: effects on braking force and reaction time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

driving game. Superimposed on the game screen was the image of a car which appeared to the driver to be ahead of him/her. The image enlarged in size, appearing to be a car applying its brakes. The participant was instructed to react as he would in a real...

Hopkins, Jennifer Susan

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

CityCarControl : an electric vehicle drive-by-wire solution for distributed steering, braking and throttle control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we propose CityCarControl, a system to manage the steering, braking, and throttle of a new class of intra-city electric vehicles. These vehicles have a focus on extreme light-weight and a small parking ...

Brown, Thomas B., M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Collapse of Magnetized Singular Isothermal Toroids: II. Rotation and Magnetic Braking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study numerically the collapse of rotating, magnetized molecular cloud cores, focusing on rotation and magnetic braking during the main accretion phase of isolated star formation. Motivated by previous numerical work and analytic considerations, we idealize the pre-collapse core as a magnetized singular isothermal toroid, with a constant rotational speed everywhere. The collapse starts from the center, and propagates outwards in an inside-out fashion, satisfying exact self-similarity in space and time. For rotation rates and field strengths typical of dense low-mass cores, the main feature remains the flattening of the mass distribution along field lines -- the formation of a pseudodisk, as in the nonrotating cases. The density distribution of the pseudodisk is little affected by rotation. On the other hand, the rotation rate is strongly modified by pseudodisk formation. Most of the centrally accreted material reaches the vicinity of the protostar through the pseudodisk. The specific angular momentum can b...

Allen, A; Shu, F H

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Regeneratively cooled coal combustor/gasifier with integral dry ash removal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A coal combustor/gasifier is disclosed which produces a low or medium combustion gas fired furnances or boilers. Two concentric shells define a combustion air flows to provide regenerative cooling of the inner shell for dry ash operation. A fuel flow and a combustion air flow having opposed swirls are mixed and burned in a mixing-combustion portion of the combustion volume and the ash laden combustion products flow with a residual swirl into an ash separation region. The ash is cooled below the fusion temperature and is moved to the wall by centrifugal force where it is entrained in the cool wall boundary layer. The boundary layer is stabilized against ash re-entrainment as it is moved to an ash removal annulus by a flow of air from the plenum through slots in the inner shell, and by suction on an ash removal skimmer slot.

Beaufrere, A.H.

1982-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

174

Regenerative tree growth: binary self-similar continuum random trees and Poisson-Dirichlet compositions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use a natural ordered extension of the Chinese Restaurant Process to grow a two-parameter family of binary self-similar continuum fragmentation trees. We provide an explicit embedding of Ford's sequence of alpha model trees in the continuum tree which we identified in a previous article as a distributional scaling limit of Ford's trees. In general, the Markov branching trees induced by the two-parameter growth rule are not sampling consistent, so the existence of compact limiting trees cannot be deduced from previous work on the sampling consistent case. We develop here a new approach to establish such limits, based on regenerative interval partitions and the urn-model description of sampling from Dirichlet random distributions.

Pitman, Jim

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Traction Drive Systems Breakout  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyThe EnergyDepartment7 th ,Top Value AddedTotalTown

176

Traction Drive System Modeling  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

177

A closed-loop quasi-optimal dynamic braking resistor and shunt reactor control strategy for transient stability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A control strategy for dynamic braking resistor and shunt reactor is proposed for stabilization of power systems when subject to large disturbances. The time optimal control is derived as a function of synchronous machine power, its rotor angular position and speed deviation. The response for a single machine system with the proposed control has been compared with that from the time optimal solution obtained through the steepest descent method. The strategy has also been tested on two multimachine systems. Results indicate that the proposed strategy provides a simple and effective method of stabilization under transient emergency conditions.

Rahim, A.H.M.A.; Alamgir, D.A.H.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Regeneratively cooled coal combustor/gasifier with integral dry ash removal  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A coal combustor/gasifier is disclosed which produces a low or medium combustion gas for further combustion in modified oil or gas fired furnaces or boilers. Two concentric shells define a combustion volume within the inner shell and a plenum between them through which combustion air flows to provide regenerative cooling of the inner shell for dry ash operation. A fuel flow and a combustion air flow having opposed swirls are mixed and burned in a mixing-combustion portion of the combustion volume and the ash laden combustion products flow with a residual swirl into an ash separation region. The ash is cooled below the fusion temperature and is moved to the wall by centrifugal force where it is entrained in the cool wall boundary layer. The boundary layer is stabilized against ash re-entrainment as it is moved to an ash removal annulus by a flow of air from the plenum through slots in the inner shell, and by suction on an ash removal skimmer slot.

Beaufrere, Albert H. (Huntington, NY)

1983-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

179

An electromagnetic and thermodynamic lumped parameter model of an explosively driven regenerative magnetohydrodynamic generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this research is to develop a simple, yet accurate, lumped parameter mathematical model for an explosively driven magnetohydrodynamic generator that can predict the pulse power variables of voltage and current from startup through regenerative operation. The inputs to the model will be the plasma properties entering the generator as predicted by the explosive shock model of Reference [1]. The strategy used was to simplify electromagnetic and thermodynamic three dimensional effects into a zero dimensional model. The model will provide a convenient tool for researchers to optimize designs to be used in pulse power applications. The model is validated using experimental data of Reference [1]. An overview of the operation of the explosively driven generator is first presented. Then a simplified electrical circuit model that describes basic performance of the device is developed. Then a lumped parameter model that incorporates the coupled electromagnetic and thermodynamic effects that govern generator performance is described and developed. The model is based on fundamental physical principles and parameters that were either obtained directly from design data or estimated from experimental data. The model was used to obtain parameter sensitivities and predict beyond the limits observed in the experiments to the levels desired by the potential Department of Defense sponsors. The model identifies process limitations that provide direction for future research.

Morrison, J.L.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Optimization and Demonstration of a Solid Oxide Regenerative Fuel Cell System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single cell solid oxide regenerative fuel cells (SORFCs) have been demonstrated for over 1000 hours of operation at degradation rates as low as 0.5% per thousand hours for current densities as high as 300mA/cm{sup 2}. Efficiency levels (fuel cell power out vs. electrolysis power in) have been demonstrated in excess of 80% at 100mA/cm{sup 2}. All testing has been performed with metallic based interconnects and non-noble metal electrodes in order to limit fabrication costs for commercial considerations. The SORFC cell technology will be scaled up to a 1kW sized stack which will be demonstrated in Year 2 of the program. A self contained SORFC system requires efficient thermal management in order to maintain operating temperatures during exothermic and endothermic operational modes. The use of LiF as a phase change material (PCM) was selected as the optimum thermal storage medium by virtue of its superior thermal energy density by volume. Thermal storage experiments were performed using LiF and a simulated SORFC stack. The thermal storage concept was deemed to be technically viable for larger well insulated systems, although it would not enable a high efficiency thermally self-sufficient SORFC system at the 1 kW level.

James F. McElroy; Darren B. Hickey; Fred Mitlitsky

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Subcontract Report: Final Report on Assessment of Motor Technologies for Traction Drives of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (Subcontract #4000080341)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Currently, interior permanent magnet (IPM) motors with rare-earth (RE) magnets are almost universally used for hybrid and electric vehicles (EVs) because of their superior properties, particularly power density. However, there is now a distinct possibility of limited supply or very high cost of RE magnets that could make IPM motors unavailable or too expensive. Because development of electric motors is a critical part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Advanced Power Electronics and Motors activity, DOE needs to determine which options should be investigated and what barriers should be addressed. Therefore, in order to provide a basis for deciding which research topics should be pursued, an assessment of various motor technologies was conducted to determine which, if any, is potentially capable of meeting FreedomCAR 2015 and 2020 targets. Highest priority was given to IPM, surface mounted permanent magnet (SPM), induction, and switched reluctance (SR) motors. Also of interest, but with lesser emphasis, were wheel motors, multiple-rotor motors, motors with external excitation, and several others that emerged from the assessment. Cost and power density (from a design perspective, the power density criterion translates to torque density) are emerging as the two most important properties of motors for traction drives in hybrid and EVs, although efficiency and specific power also are very important. The primary approach for this assessment involved interviews with original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), their suppliers, and other technical experts. For each technology, the following issues were discussed: (1) The current state-of-the-art performance and cost; (2) Recent trends in the technology; (3) Inherent characteristics of the motor - which ones limit the ability of the technology to meet the targets and which ones aid in meeting the target; (4) What research and development (R&D) would be needed to meet the targets; and (5) The potential for the technology to meet the targets. The interviews were supplemented with information from past Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) reports, previous assessments that were conducted in 2004, and literature on magnet technology. The results of the assessment validated the DOE strategy involving three parallel paths: (1) there is enough of a possibility that RE magnets will continue to be available, either from sources outside China or from increased production in China, that development of IPM motors using RE magnets should be continued with emphasis on meeting the cost target. (2) yet the possibility that RE magnets may become unavailable or too expensive justifies efforts to develop innovative designs for permanent magnet (PM) motors that do not use RE magnets. Possible other magnets that may be substituted for RE magnets include samarium-cobalt (Sm-Co), Alnico, and ferrites. Alternatively, efforts to develop motors that do not use PMs but offer attributes similar to IPM motors also are encouraged. (3) New magnet materials using new alloys or processing techniques that would be less expensive or have comparable or superior properties to existing materials should be developed if possible. IPM motors are by far the most popular choice for hybrid and EVs because of their high power density, specific power, and constant power-speed ratio (CPSR). Performance of these motors is optimized when the strongest possible magnets - i.e., RE neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB) magnets - are used.

Fezzler, Raymond [BIZTEK Consulting, Inc.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

An analysis of the annual probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) previously analyzed the probability of a catastrophic accident in the waste hoist of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) and published the results in Greenfield (1990; EEG-44) and Greenfield and Sargent (1993; EEG-53). The most significant safety element in the waste hoist is the hydraulic brake system, whose possible failure was identified in these studies as the most important contributor in accident scenarios. Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division has calculated the probability of an accident involving the brake system based on studies utilizing extensive fault tree analyses. This analysis conducted for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) used point estimates to describe the probability of failure and includes failure rates for the various components comprising the brake system. An additional controlling factor in the DOE calculations is the mode of operation of the brake system. This factor enters for the following reason. The basic failure rate per annum of any individual element is called the Event Probability (EP), and is expressed as the probability of failure per annum. The EP in turn is the product of two factors. One is the {open_quotes}reported{close_quotes} failure rate, usually expressed as the probability of failure per hour and the other is the expected number of hours that the element is in use, called the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes}. In many instances the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes} will be the number of operating hours of the brake system per annum. However since the operation of the waste hoist system includes regular {open_quotes}reoperational check{close_quotes} tests, the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes} for standby components is reduced in accordance with the specifics of the operational time table.

Greenfield, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Sargent, T.J.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Design and test of a wet type helium turbo-expander with an alternator as a brake  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A wet type helium turbo-expander with expected adiabatic efficiency of 70% at inlet pressure, temperature, and outlet pressure of 1.3 MPa, 6.0 K, and 0.2 MPa, respectively, has been developed. An alternator is adopted as a brake where a permanent magnet is held in the turbine shaft. And a self-acting gas bearing is used at thrust and journal bearings. An electromagnet supports thrust bearing to lift up the thrust disk when initiating operation. Design mass flow rate of the turbine is determined to be 60 g/s, corresponding to the JT mass flow rate in the existing helium liquefier/refrigerator. In the cryogenic performance test, the turbine had increased helium liquefaction rate by four times larger than the liquefaction rate without turbine operation.

Kato, T.; Miyake, A.; Kawano, K.; Hamada, K.; Hiyama, T.; Iwamoto, S.; Ebisu, H.; Tsuji, H. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Ibaraki-ken (Japan); Saji, N.; Kaneko, Y. [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)] [and others

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

184

Third-Party Evaluation of Petro Tex Hydrocarbons, LLC, ReGen Lubricating Oil Re-refining Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents an assessment of market, energy impact, and utility of the PetroTex Hydrocarbons, LLC., ReGen process for re-refining used lubricating oil to produce Group I, II, and III base oils, diesel fuel, and asphalt. PetroTex Hydrocarbons, LLC., has performed extensive pilot scale evaluations, computer simulations, and market studies of this process and is presently evaluating construction of a 23 million gallon per year industrial-scale plant. PetroTex has obtained a 30 acre site in the Texas Industries RailPark in Midlothian Texas. The environmental and civil engineering assessments of the site are completed, and the company has been granted a special use permit from the City of Midlothian and air emissions permits for the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.

Compere, A L [ORNL; Griffith, William {Bill} L [ORNL

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Oxygen enriched combustion system performance study. Phase 2: 100 percent oxygen enriched combustion in regenerative glass melters, Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The field test project described in this report was conducted to evaluate the energy and environmental performance of 100% oxygen enriched combustion (100% OEC) in regenerative glass melters. Additional objectives were to determine other impacts of 100% OEC on melter operation and glass quality, and to verify on a commercial scale that an on-site Pressure Swing Adsorption oxygen plant can reliably supply oxygen for glass melting with low electrical power consumption. The tests constituted Phase 2 of a cooperative project between the United States Department of Energy, and Praxair, Inc. Phase 1 of the project involved market and technical feasibility assessments of oxygen enriched combustion for a range of high temperature industrial heating applications. An assessment of oxygen supply options for these applications was also performed during Phase 1, which included performance evaluation of a pilot scale 1 ton per day PSA oxygen plant. Two regenerative container glass melters were converted to 100% OEC operation and served as host sites for Phase 2. A 75 ton per day end-fired melter at Carr-Lowrey Glass Company in Baltimore, Maryland, was temporarily converted to 100% OEC in mid- 1990. A 350 tpd cross-fired melter at Gallo Glass Company in Modesto, California was rebuilt for permanent commercial operation with 100% OEC in mid-1991. Initially, both of these melters were supplied with oxygen from liquid storage. Subsequently, in late 1992, a Pressure Swing Adsorption oxygen plant was installed at Gallo to supply oxygen for 100% OEC glass melting. The particular PSA plant design used at Gallo achieves maximum efficiency by cycling the adsorbent beds between pressurized and evacuated states, and is therefore referred to as a Vacuum/Pressure Swing Adsorption (VPSA) plant.

Tuson, G.B.; Kobayashi, H.; Campbell, M.J.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Micropower chemical fuel-to-electric conversion : a "regenerative flip" hydrogen concentration cell promising near carnot efficiency.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although battery technology is relatively mature, power sources continue to impose serious limitations for small, portable, mobile, or remote applications. A potentially attractive alternative to batteries is chemical fuel-to-electric conversion. Chemical fuels have volumetric energy densities 4 to 10 times those of batteries. However, realizing this advantage requires efficient chemical fuel-to-electric conversion. Direct electrochemical conversion would be the ideal, but, for most fuels, is generally not within the state-of-the-science. Next best, chemical-to-thermal-to-electric conversion can be attractive if efficiencies can be kept high. This small investigative project was an exploration into the feasibility of a novel hybrid (i.e., thermal-electrochemical) micropower converter of high theoretical performance whose demonstration was thought to be within near-term reach. The system is comprised of a hydrogen concentration electrochemical cell with physically identical hydrogen electrodes as anode and cathode, with each electrode connected to physically identical hydride beds each containing the same low-enthalpy-of-formation metal hydride. In operation, electrical power is generated by a hydrogen concentration differential across the electrochemical cell. This differential is established via coordinated heating and passive cooling of the corresponding hydride source and sink. Heating is provided by the exothermic combustion (i.e., either flame combustion or catalytic combustion) of a chemical fuel. Upon hydride source depletion, the role of source and sink are reversed, heating and cooling reversed, electrodes commutatively reversed, cell operation reversed, while power delivery continues unchanged. This 'regenerative flip' of source and sink hydride beds can be cycled continuously until all available heating fuel is consumed. Electricity is efficiently generated electrochemically, but hydrogen is not consumed, rather the hydrogen is regeneratively cycled as an electrochemical 'working fluid'.

Wally, Karl

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet Results Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

45 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 29 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 39 Total number of trips 10,847 Total...

188

Chrysler Town & Country PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

50 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 39 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 28 Total number of trips 10,624 Total...

189

Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet Results Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

148 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 87 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 46 Total number of trips 6,223 Total...

190

Monthly Summary Results for the Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 111 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 71 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking...

191

Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet Results Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

52 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 29 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 39 Total number of trips 22,071 Total...

192

Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet Results Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 61 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 43 Total number of trips 111,773 Total...

193

Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet Results Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

20 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 93 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 71 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking...

194

Monthly Summary Results for the Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

18 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 74 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 45 Total number of trips 11,462 Total...

195

Monthly Summary Results for the Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

190 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 111 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 50 Total number of trips 2,055 Total...

196

Chrysler Town & Country PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 66 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 30 Total number of trips 725 Total distance...

197

Chrysler Town & Country PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Whmi) 79 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 63 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking...

198

Controlling emissions from a black liquor fluidized bed evaporator (Copeland reactor) using a regenerative thermal oxidizer and a prefilter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on an intriguing pilot project developed to control air emissions from a pulp mill. Testing is complete, and the results show favorable emissions reductions. Stone Container Corporation, REECO, NCASI, the Ohio DEP, and the US EPA, have all worked together and approved the installation of control equipment, for VOC and HAP emissions under Presumptive MACT, setting the standard for the Copeland Reactor process in a semi chem pulp mill. The equipment, once operational, will reduce VOC and CO emissions by greater than 90%. This installation will be done at one seventh the cost of the significant process modifications required to accomplish the same emission reduction. In addition, increased process operating efficiency will be achieved with the use of an energy recovery system. The process is a black liquor fluidized bed boiler, which is used to generate sodium carbonate from the black liquor. The vapor emissions were high in VOCs, CO and particulate. After much study and testing, a wet electrostatic precipitator was chosen as the filter system for particulate control, followed by a regenerative thermal oxidizer for VOC and HAP control, finally an air-to-air heat exchanger is being used to preheat the combustion air entering the process.

Grzanka, R.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

199

Gas cooled traction drive inverter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present invention provides a modular circuit card configuration for distributing heat among a plurality of circuit cards. Each circuit card includes a housing adapted to dissipate heat in response to gas flow over the housing. In one aspect, a gas-cooled inverter includes a plurality of inverter circuit cards, and a plurality of circuit card housings, each of which encloses one of the plurality of inverter cards.

Chinthavali, Madhu Sudhan

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

200

Regenerative Heater Optimization for Steam Turbo-Generation Cycles of Generation IV Nuclear Power Plants with a Comparison of Two Concepts for the Westinghouse International Reactor Innovative and Secure (IRIS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The intent of this study is to discuss some of the many factors involved in the development of the design and layout of a steam turbo-generation unit as part of a modular Generation IV nuclear power plant. Of the many factors involved in the design and layout, this research will cover feed water system layout and optimization issues. The research is arranged in hopes that it can be generalized to any Generation IV system which uses a steam powered turbo-generation unit. The research is done using the ORCENT-II heat balance codes and the Salisbury methodology to be reviewed herein. The Salisbury methodology is used on an original cycle design by Famiani for the Westinghouse IRIS and the effects due to parameter variation are studied. The vital parameters of the Salisbury methodology are the incremental heater surface capital cost (S) in $/ft{sup 2}, the value of incremental power (I) in $/kW, and the overall heat transfer coefficient (U) in Btu/ft{sup 2}-degrees Fahrenheit-hr. Each is varied in order to determine the effects on the cycles overall heat rate, output, as well as, the heater surface areas. The effects of each are shown. Then the methodology is then used to compare the optimized original Famiani design consisting of seven regenerative feedwater heaters with an optimized new cycle concept, INRC8, containing four regenerative heaters. The results are shown. It can be seen that a trade between the complexity of the seven stage regenerative Famiani cycle and the simplicity of the INRC8 cycle can be made. It is desired that this methodology can be used to show the ability to evaluate modularity through the value of size a complexity of the system as well as the performance. It also shows the effectiveness of the Salisbury methodology in the optimization of regenerative cycles for such an evaluation.

Williams, W.C.

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Upper and lower limits on the Crab pulsar's astrophysical parameters set from gravitational wave observations by LIGO: braking index and energy considerations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Laser Interferometer Gravitational Observatory (LIGO) has recently reached the end of its fifth science run (S5), having collected more than a year worth of data. Analysis of the data is still ongoing but a positive detection of gravitational waves, while possible, is not realistically expected for most likely sources. This is particularly true for what concerns gravitational waves from known pulsars. In fact, even under the most optimistic (and not very realistic) assumption that all the pulsar's observed spin-down is due to gravitational waves, the gravitational wave strain at earth from all the known isolated pulsars (with the only notable exception of the Crab pulsar) would not be strong enough to be detectable by existing detectors. By August 2006, LIGO had produced enough data for a coherent integration capable to extract signal from noise that was weaker than the one expected from the Crab pulsar's spin-down limit. No signal was detected, but beating the spin-down limit is a considerable achievement for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC). It is customary to translate the upper limit on strain from a pulsar into a more astrophysically significant upper limit on ellipticity. Once the spin-down limit has been beaten, it is possible to release the constraint that all the spin-down is due to gravitational wave emission. A more complete model with diverse braking mechanisms can be used to set limits on several astrophysical parameters of the pulsar. This paper shows possible values of such parameters for the Crab pulsar given the current limit on gravitational waves from this neutron star.

Giovanni Santostasi

2008-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

202

Development of a He{sup 3}?He{sup 4} sub Kelvin active magnetic regenerative refrigerator (AMRR) with no moving parts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current state of the art particle and photon detectors such as Transition Edge Sensors (TES) and Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detectors (MKID) use large arrays of sensors or detectors for space science missions. As the size of these space science detectors increases, future astrophysics missions will require sub-Kelvin cooling over larger areas. This leads to not only increased cooling power requirements, but also a requirement for distributed sub-Kelvin cooling. We propose an active Magnetic Regenerative Refrigerator (AMRR) that uses a Superfluid Magnetic Pump (SMP) to circulate liquid He{sup 3}?He{sup 4} through a magnetic regenerator to provide the necessary cooling at sub-Kelvin temperatures. Such system will be capable of distributing the cooling load to a relatively large array of objects. One advantage of using a fluid for heat transfer in such systems is to isolate components such as the superconducting magnets from detectors that are sensitive to magnetic fields. Another advantage of the proposed tandem AMRR is that it does not need Gas Gap Heat Switches (GGHS) to transfer heat during various stages of the magnetic cooling. Our proposed system consists of four superconducting magnets, one superleak, and three heat exchangers. It will operate continuously with no moving parts and it will be capable of providing the necessary cooling at sub-Kelvin temperatures for future space science applications.

Jahromi, A. E. [Ph.D. student, University of Wisconsin -1500 Engineering Drive, 1335 ERB, Madison, WI, 53706 (United States); Miller, F. K. [Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin - 1500 Engineering Drive, 1341 ERB Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

203

Chrysler Town & Country PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

33 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 26 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 27 Total number of trips 6,332 Total distance...

204

Chrysler Town & Country PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 64 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 30 Total number of trips 4,292 Total distance...

205

Monthly Summary Results for the Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 65 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 45 Total number of trips 10,555 Total distance...

206

Monthly Summary Results for the Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

87 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 54 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 47 Total number of trips 6,560 Total distance...

207

Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet Results Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 4 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 43 Total number of trips 5,888 Total distance...

208

Monthly Summary Results for the Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 71 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 43 Total number of trips 13,167 Total distance...

209

Chrysler Town & Country PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

15 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 13 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 27 Total number of trips 2,405 Total distance...

210

Chrysler Town & Country PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

8 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 70 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 28 Total number of trips 1,225 Total distance...

211

Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet Test Reports  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

33 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 74 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 33 Total number of trips 5,273 Total distance...

212

Chrysler Town & Country PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 65 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 28 Total number of trips 2,348 Total distance...

213

Chrysler Town & Country PHEV Fleet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 0 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 27 Total number of trips 1,579 Total distance...

214

Chrysler RAM PHEV Fleet Results Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 72 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 44 Total number of trips 36,749 Total distance...

215

Transportation and its Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

system for international aviation, Study carried out for ICAO, London, UK IEA Hybrid, 2006: International Energysystems, store regenerative braking energy and to operate the powerful motor drives needed for hybrid

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Vibration Isolation of a Locomotive Mounted Energy Storage Flywheel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utilizing flywheels to store and reuse energy from regenerative braking on locomotives is a new technology being developed in the Vibration Control and Electromechanics Lab at Texas A&M. This thesis focuses on the motion analysis of a locomotive...

Zhang, Xiaohua

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

217

Svendborg Brakes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitec do Brasil EnergiaSur de RenovablesPvt Ltd

218

Permanent Magnet Development for Automotive Traction Motors  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSalesOE0000652Grow YourPerformanceFacility ManagersPermanent

219

Traction Drive Systems Breakout | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment of EnergyThe Sun and ItsXVIIofPotentialSystems;Tracking

220

Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information 2012 U.S. DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Regenerative Boiler Feedwater Heater Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

O- REFEREWCE (,\\SI:: J CURRENT CASE I CHANGE INCR or DEeR 7JTAL FUEL M 10?E. BTU/HR 842.44 827. 9~ -14.50 .i) .. ft!::.::r COUPLED SHAFT P()I,oIER 8HP 4700 4700 0 TuTAl ELECTRICAL GENERATION 8AC... PRESSURE TURBINES CONDENSING TURBI HES 5TE...

Viar, W. L.

222

Energy Conversion DevicesEnergy Conversion Devices Fuel Cell Electrocatalyst Development Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Conversion Devices Fuel cells are a critical component in the Ovonic total hydrogen system approach. #12 catalysts for air electrodes for the ORFC * Ovonic Regenerative Fuel Cell #12;Texaco Ovonic Fuel Cell Ovonic Fuel Cell Company, LLC non-precious metal catalysts regenerative braking energy absorption

223

Role of Directional Wireless Communication in Vehicular Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views such anti-lock brake systems (ABS), traction control systems (TCS) and electronic stability control (ESC the line-of-sight can be ef- ficiently enhanced by enabling vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle

224

LATERAL VEHICLE STABILIZATION USING CONSTRAINED NONLINEAR CONTROL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

problems of designing a controller for the yaw dynamics are the nonlinearities which appear in the system, nonlinear systems, constraints. Abstract A lateral stabilization system for automotive vehicles is de of the vehicle during braking maneuvers. These systems were followed by traction control systems, which im- prove

Johansen, Tor Arne

225

What is about future high speed power line communication systems for in-vehicles networks ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by car manufacturers to fulfil the different communications between electronic control units (ECU related to the steering, traction, braking system (ABS), Electronic Stability Program (ESP), Electric of splicing that is necessary, as well as simplify and lighten the cable bundles The HomePlug Powerline

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

226

Project Profile: Regenerative Carbonate-Based Thermochemical...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

design of an advanced heat-exchange reactor system, evaluation of the optimized pellets in a simulated bench-scale TCES system over multiple cycles, and Aspen modeling and...

227

New Regenerative Cycle for Vapor Compression Refrigeration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project was a continuation of Category 1 project, completed in August 2005. Following the successful bench model demonstration of the technical feasibility and economic viability, the main objective in this stage was to fabricate the prototype of the heat pump, working on the new thermodynamic cycle. This required further research to increase the system efficiency to the level consistent with theoretical analysis of the cycle. Another group of objectives was to provide the foundation for commercialization and included documentation of the manufacturing process, preparing the business plan, organizing sales network and raising the private capital necessary to acquire production facilities.

Bergander, Mark J [Magnetic Development, Inc.; Butrymowicz, Dariusz [Polish Academy of Scinces

2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

228

THE BLIND SIMULATION PROBLEM and REGENERATIVE PROCESSES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Processes 1 #12; 1 Introduction 1.1 Simulation and importance sampling Large and/or nonlinear stochastic on the order of 10 \\Gamma6 are quite common in stochastic systems. It is clear that a direct simulation(Z i ): The ratio p(\\Delta)=q(\\Delta) will be called the weight function of the importance sam

Bucklew, James Antonio

229

New Regenerative Cycle for Vapor Compression Refrigeration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andDataNational Libraryornl.gov Ron WalliA Key

230

Regen Powertech Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende New EnergyAnatolia Jump to: navigation,Gum Pvt

231

dry-regen | netl.doe.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial Carbon Capture and Storageconvert 2 3 DEPARTMENT OFDry Regenerable

232

Verification tests of the U. S. Electricar Corporation Lectric Leopard. Technical report 3 Aug-25 Sep 81  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lectric Leopard manufactured by U.S. Electricar Corporation was tested at MERADCOM as part of the Department of Energy project to verify conformity to performance standards of electric vehicles. The Leopard is a standard Fiat Strada sedan which has been converted to an electric vehicle. It is powered by 16 6-V batteries through a silicon-controlled rectifier (SCR) Controller to a 23-hp series-wound d.c. motor. It is equipped with a five-speed manual transmission, power-assisted disc brakes in the front and drum brakes in the rear. It is not equipped with regenerative braking.

Dowgiallo, E.J. Jr; Snellings, I.R.; Chapman, R.D.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Design and Implementation of an Electric Differential for Traction Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and transmissions with lighter and smaller electric motors directly coupled to the wheels via a single gear or an in-wheel motor. This paper deals then with an Electric Differential System (EDS) for an Electric Vehicle (EV angle with good static and dynamic performances. Index Terms--Electric Vehicle (EV), induction motor

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

234

EV Everywhere Workshop: Traction Drive Systems Breakout Group...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge Electric Drive (Power Electronics and Electric Machines) Workshop on July 24, 2012 held at the Doubletree O'Hare, Chicago, IL....

235

Utilizing the Traction Drive Power Electronics System to Provide...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Mobile power generation can be powered by the battery for short periods of time or by the ICE for long durations * For HEVs using single inverter and motor - Add two additional...

236

Electric Motor Thermal Management for Electric Traction Drives (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal constraints place significant limitations on how electric motors ultimately perform. Finite element analysis and computational fluid dynamics modeling approaches are being increasingly utilized in the design and analysis of electric motors. As the models become more sophisticated, it is important to have detailed and accurate knowledge of material thermal properties and convective heat transfer coefficients. In this work, the thermal properties and inter-lamination thermal contact resistances were measured for different stator lamination materials. Also, convective heat transfer coefficients of automatic transmission fluid (ATF) jets were measured to better understand the heat transfer of ATF impinging on motor copper windings. Experiments were carried out at various ATF temperatures and jet velocities to quantify the influence of these parameters on heat transfer coefficients.

Bennion, K.; Cousineau, J.; Moreno, G.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Hybrid and Electric Traction Motor | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr FlickrGuidedCH2MLLC HistoryVeteranstoHuub van DamHybridHybrid WindA

238

Development of Radically Enhanced alnico Magnets (DREAM) for Traction Drive  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesData FilesShape, Density,TiO2(110).Development ofMotors | The Ames

239

Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists' ResearchThe OfficeUtility Fed. GovernmentFed. Government

240

Advanced Integrated Electric Traction System | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement3-- ------------------------------Chapter 39.208-006EnergyFossil

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Permanent Magnet Development for Automotive Traction Motors | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdfMarket | Department of Energy ReviewsFebruary 7,

242

Permanent Magnet Development for Automotive Traction Motors | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdfMarket | Department of Energy ReviewsFebruary

243

Permanent Magnet Development for Automotive Traction Motors | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdfMarket | Department of Energy ReviewsFebruaryEnergy

244

EV Everywhere Workshop: Traction Drive Systems Breakout Group Report |  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergyIDIQ Contract ESPC IDIQ ContractConsumerof EnergyGroup

245

Permanent Magnet Development for Automotive Traction Motors | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergyDepartment ofOil's ImpactAppendix AlEnergy Permanent Magnet Development

246

Advanced Integrated Electric Traction System | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of EnergyAdministrative2 DOE2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

247

Advanced Integrated Electric Traction System | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of EnergyAdministrative2 DOE2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel10 DOE

248

Advanced Integrated Electric Traction System | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartment of EnergyAdministrative2 DOE2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel10 DOE09 DOE

249

High Power Density Integrated Traction Machine Drive | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject:Ground Hawaii HIGH PERFORMANCE and SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS1

250

High Power Density Integrated Traction Machine Drive | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject:Ground Hawaii HIGH PERFORMANCE and SUSTAINABLE

251

Goodyear Tire Plant Gains Traction on Energy Savings After Completing...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Tire Plant saved approximately 93,000 MMBtu and 875,000 annually after increasing steam system energy efficiency in their Union City, Tennessee, plant. Goodyear Tire Plant...

252

Solar Powered Commuter Vehicle Sponsored by: Andy Schoenberg, Ph.D. of SunzeeCar LLC. ; Advisor: Kent Udell, Ph. D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an optimal speed of 40 mph. Thep p p graph below depicts the power usage over timeg p p p g for a single stop the system without Regenerative Braking · Convert an Average of 50% of Kineticg Energy Back into Electrical Energy · Increase the Range from 30 miles to 40g miles. (10 mile increase) Testing:g The car was driven

Provancher, William

253

16 IEEE Canadian Review -Spring / Printemps 2003 1.0 Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

less energy per kilometer than a standard car. In addition, as solar panel technology becomes more solar panels could be used to charge spare batteries during the workday. Table 1 gives a perspective, superior heat dissi- pation, increased power density and lower maintenance [5]. Regenerative braking refers

Ng, Wai Tung

254

Gille-ESYS 10 1 Should Alex Buy a Battery-Powered Car?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that use hydrogen fuel cells have a range of more than 200 miles, although they're outrageously expensive. ZEVs just aren't sufficiently environmental to justify their cost. For one thing, manufacturing a new their fuel efficiency is amazing. I was reading that they use regenerative braking to charge up

Gille, Sarah T.

255

auxiliary brakes: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is modified to increase the productivity. The new fixture design is carried out by using CATIA V5 modeling software and it is critically evaluated for the failure of piston rod...

256

ORNL/Pub40701 Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and International Nuclear Information System (INIS) representatives from the following source. Office of Scientific

257

aircraft braking system: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is to develop a thermoelastic Haviland, David 174 The 2011 Cessna Aircraft CompanyRaytheon Missile Systems DesignBuildFly Competition Flyoff was held at TIMPA Field in...

258

Global chassis control using braking and suspension systems P. Gaspar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Poussot-Vassal , O. Sename , L. Dugard *Computer and Automation Research Institute, Hungary **Laboratoire active control mechanisms are applied in road vehicles to solve different control tasks, see e.g. [1,5,6,7]. As an example, the suspension system is the main tool to achieve comfort and road holding for a vehicle whilst

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

259

Modeling of air brakes for onboard diagnostics of heavy trucks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accidents involving commercial vehicles have disastrous consequences; most of the times they result in human fatalities, environmental damage, traffic congestion leading to fuel wastage and associated productivity losses. Moreover, with the rapid...

Kankanala, Penchala N

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Empty sky : 9/11 and performing regenerative violence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Independence Day. Dir. Roland Emmerich. Perf. Will Smith,a conjuring of Roland Emmerich’s film Independence Day. Inresemblance. It is as though Emmerich had directed Bush’s

Genna, Raimondo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Energy-efficient regenerative liquid desiccant drying process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to the use of desiccants in conjunction with an open oop drying cycle and a closed loop drying cycle to reclaim the energy expended in vaporizing moisture in harvested crops. In the closed loop cycle, the drying air is brought into contact with a desiccant after it exits the crop drying bin. Water vapor in the moist air is absorbed by the desiccant, thus reducing the relative humidity of the air. The air is then heated by the used desiccant and returned to the crop bin. During the open loop drying cycle the used desiccant is heated (either fossil or solar energy heat sources may be used) and regenerated at high temperature, driving water vapor from the desiccant. This water vapor is condensed and used to preheat the dilute (wet) desiccant before heat is added from the external source (fossil or solar). The latent heat of vaporization of the moisture removed from the desiccant is reclaimed in this manner. The sensible heat of the regenerated desiccant is utilized in the open loop drying cycle. Also, closed cycle operation implies that no net energy is expended in heating drying air.

Ko, Suk M. (Huntsville, AL); Grodzka, Philomena G. (Huntsville, AL); McCormick, Paul O. (Athens, AL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Development of Supported Bifunctional Electrocatalysts for Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

water and electrical energy in the same dual mode system.1 Although URFCs are an appealing technology and the support, and a substantial increase in catalyst utilization was observed, even though the support surface gradually decreases, and the decrease is attributed to loss of electronic conductivity. Ebonex and Ti4O7

263

ARTICLE IN PRESS Bioluminescence regenerative cycle (BRC) system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In the BRC system, pyrophosphate (PPi) molecules are released during biopolymerization and are counted

Lee, Thomas H.

264

Empty sky : 9/11 and performing regenerative violence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

accomplishments, “probie” Jimmy’ s eulogy rests on examining23) as he begins rhetorically to shape Jimmy’s death mask.of knowledge concerning Jimmy, limited to Jimmy’s having a

Genna, Raimondo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

active magnetic regenerative: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

by this sensor synchronized with the electric activity of the electrocardiogram (ECG). The shape of the magnetic wave was largely altered by shifting the sensor position...

266

Low-pressure-ratio regenerative exhaust-heated gas turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A design study of coal-burning gas-turbine engines using the exhaust-heated cycle and state-of-the-art components has been completed. In addition, some initial experiments on a type of rotary ceramic-matrix regenerator that would be used to transfer heat from the products of coal combustion in the hot turbine exhaust to the cool compressed air have been conducted. Highly favorable results have been obtained on all aspects on which definite conclusions could be drawn.

Tampe, L.A.; Frenkel, R.G.; Kowalick, D.J.; Nahatis, H.M.; Silverstein, S.M.; Wilson, D.G.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Therapeutic potential of nanoceria in regenerative medicine. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus TomAboutManusScienceThe LifeNew classMIT-Harvard

268

Project Profile: Regenerative Carbonate-Based Thermochemical Energy Storage  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdfMarket |21,-CommitteeItemsHiTek logo HiTek Services,System

269

Acoustic velocity measurements in materials using a regenerative method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Acoustic energy is propagated through earth material between an electro-acoustic generator and a receiver which converts the received acoustic energy into electrical signals. A closed loop is formed by a variable gain amplifier system connected between the receiver and the generator. The gain of the amplifier system is increased until sustained oscillations are produced in the closed loop. The frequency of the oscillations is measured as an indication of the acoustic propagation velocity through the earth material. The amplifier gain is measured as an indication of the acoustic attenuation through the earth materials. The method is also applicable to the non-destructive testing of structural materials, such as steel, aluminum and concrete.

Laine, Edwin F. (Alamo, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Acoustic-velocity measurements in materials using a regenerative method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Acoustic energy is propatated through earth material between an electro-acoustic generator and a receiver which converts the received acoustic energy into electrical signals. A closed loop is formed by a variable gain amplifier system connected between the receiver and the generator. The gain of the amplifier system is increased until sustained oscillations are produced in the closed loop. The frequency of the oscillations is measured as an indication of the acoustic propagation velocity through the earth material. The amplifier gain is measured as an indication of the acoustic attenuation through the earth materials. The method is also applicable to the non-destructive testing of structural materials, such as steel, aluminum and concrete.

Laine, E.F.

1982-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

271

Maass Regenerative Energien GmbH founders | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point,ECO Auger <Industries Inc Place:

272

Regenerative Fuel Cells for Energy Storage | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L dDepartmentnews-flashes OfficeTexas |4 U.S.1:for

273

High voltage bus and auxiliary heater control system for an electric or hybrid vehicle  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A control system for an electric or hybrid electric vehicle includes a vehicle system controller and a control circuit having an electric immersion heater. The heater is electrically connected to the vehicle's high voltage bus and is thermally coupled to a coolant loop containing a heater core for the vehicle's climate control system. The system controller responds to cabin heat requests from the climate control system by generating a pulse width modulated signal that is used by the control circuit to operate the heater at a duty cycle appropriate for the amount of cabin heating requested. The control system also uses the heater to dissipate excess energy produced by an auxiliary power unit and to provide electric braking when regenerative braking is not desirable and manual braking is not necessary. The control system further utilizes the heater to provide a safe discharge of a bank of energy storage capacitors following disconnection of the battery or one of the high voltage connectors used to transmit high voltage operating power to the various vehicle systems. The control circuit includes a high voltage clamping circuit that monitors the voltage on the bus and operates the heater to clamp down the bus voltage when it exceeds a pre-selected maximum voltage. The control system can also be used to phase in operation of the heater when the bus voltage exceeds a lower threshold voltage and can be used to phase out the auxiliary power unit charging and regenerative braking when the battery becomes fully charged.

Murty, Balarama Vempaty (West Bloomfield, MI)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

High-Temperature High-Power Packaging Techniques for HEV Traction Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A key issue associated with the wider adoption of hybrid-electric vehicles (HEV) and plug in hybrid-electric vehicles (PHEV) is the implementation of the power electronic systems that are required in these products [1]. To date, many consumers find the adoption of these technologies problematic based on a financial analysis of the initial cost versus the savings available from reduced fuel consumption. Therefore, one of the primary industry goals is the reduction in the price of these vehicles relative to the cost of traditional gasoline powered vehicles. Part of this cost reduction must come through optimization of the power electronics required by these vehicles. In addition, the efficiency of the systems must be optimized in order to provide the greatest range possible. For some drivers, any reduction in the range associated with a potential HEV or PHEV solution in comparison to a gasoline powered vehicle represents a significant barrier to adoption and the efficiency of the power electronics plays an important role in this range. Likewise, high efficiencies are also important since lost power further complicates the thermal management of these systems. Reliability is also an important concern since most drivers have a high level of comfort with gasoline powered vehicles and are somewhat reluctant to switch to a less proven technology. Reliability problems in the power electronics or associated components could not only cause a high warranty cost to the manufacturer, but may also taint these technologies in the consumer's eyes. A larger vehicle offering in HEVs is another important consideration from a power electronics point of view. A larger vehicle will need more horsepower, or a larger rated drive. In some ways this will be more difficult to implement from a cost and size point of view. Both the packaging of these modules and the thermal management of these systems at competitive price points create significant challenges. One way in which significant cost reduction of these systems could be achieved is through the use of a single coolant loop for both the power electronics as well as the internal combustion engine (ICE) [2]. This change would reduce the complexity of the cooling system which currently relies on two loops to a single loop [3]. However, the current nominal coolant temperature entering these inverters is 65 C [3], whereas a normal ICE coolant temperature would be much higher at approximately 100 C. This change in coolant temperature significantly increases the junction temperatures of the devices and creates a number of challenges for both device fabrication and the assembly of these devices into inverters and converters for HEV and PHEV applications. With this change in mind, significant progress has been made on the use of SiC devices for inverters that can withstand much higher junction temperatures than traditional Si based inverters [4,5,6]. However, a key problem which the single coolant loop and high temperature devices is the effective packaging of these devices and related components into a high temperature inverter. The elevated junction temperatures that exist in these modules are not compatible with reliable inverters based on existing packaging technology. This report seeks to provide a literature survey of high temperature packaging and to highlight the issues related to the implementation of high temperature power electronic modules for HEV and PHEV applications. For purposes of discussion, it will be assumed in this report that 200 C is the targeted maximum junction temperature.

Barlow, F.D.; Elshabini, A.

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

275

High-Temperature High-Power Packaging Techniques for HEV Traction Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A key issue associated with the wider adoption of hybrid-electric vehicles (HEV) and plug in hybrid-electric vehicles (PHEV) is the implementation of the power electronic systems that are required in these products. One of the primary industry goals is the reduction in the price of these vehicles relative to the cost of traditional gasoline powered vehicles. Today these systems, such as the Prius, utilize one coolant loop for the engine at approximately 100 C coolant temperatures, and a second coolant loop for the inverter at 65 C. One way in which significant cost reduction of these systems could be achieved is through the use of a single coolant loop for both the power electronics as well as the internal combustion engine (ICE). This change in coolant temperature significantly increases the junction temperatures of the devices and creates a number of challenges for both device fabrication and the assembly of these devices into inverters and converters for HEV and PHEV applications. Traditional power modules and the state-of-the-art inverters in the current HEV products, are based on chip and wire assembly and direct bond copper (DBC) on ceramic substrates. While a shift to silicon carbide (SiC) devices from silicon (Si) devices would allow the higher operating temperatures required for a single coolant loop, it also creates a number of challenges for the assembly of these devices into power inverters. While this traditional packaging technology can be extended to higher temperatures, the key issues are the substrate material and conductor stability, die bonding material, wire bonds, and bond metallurgy reliability as well as encapsulation materials that are stable at high operating temperatures. The larger temperature differential during power cycling, which would be created by higher coolant temperatures, places tremendous stress on traditional aluminum wire bonds that are used to interconnect power devices. Selection of the bond metallurgy and wire bond geometry can play a key role in mitigating this stress. An alternative solution would be to eliminate the wire bonds completely through a fundamentally different method of forming a reliable top side interconnect. Similarly, the solders used in most power modules exhibit too low of a liquidus to be viable solutions for maximum junction temperatures of 200 C. Commonly used encapsulation materials, such as silicone gels, also suffer from an inability to operate at 200 C for extended periods of time. Possible solutions to these problems exist in most cases but require changes to the traditional manufacturing process used in these modules. In addition, a number of emerging technologies such as Si nitride, flip-chip assembly methods, and the elimination of base-plates would allow reliable module development for operation of HEV and PHEV inverters at elevated junction temperatures.

Elshabini, Aicha [University of Idaho; Barlow, Fred D. [University of Idaho

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Advanced Liquid Cooling for a Traction Drive Inverter Using Jet Impingement and Microfinned Enhanced Surfaces: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Jet impingement on plain and micro-finned enhanced surfaces was compared to a traditional channel flow configuration. The jets provide localized cooling to areas heated by the insulated-gate bipolar transistor and diode devices. Enhanced microfinned surfaces increase surface area and thermal performance. Using lighter materials and designing the fluid path to manage pressure losses increases overall performance while reducing weight, volume, and cost. Powering four diodes in the center power module of the inverter and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling was used to characterize the baseline as well as jet-impingement-based heat exchangers. CFD modeling showed the thermal performance improvements should hold for a fully powered inverter. Increased thermal performance was observed for the jet-impingement configurations when tested at full inverter power (40 to 100 kW output power) on a dynamometer. The reliability of the jets and enhanced surfaces over time was also investigated. Experimentally, the junction-to- coolant thermal resistance was reduced by up to 12.5% for jet impingement on enhanced surfaces s compared to the baseline channel flow configuration. Base plate-to-coolant (convective) resistance was reduced by up to 37.0% for the jet-based configuration compared to the baseline, suggesting that while improvements to the cooling side reduce overall resistance, reducing the passive stack resistance may contribute to lowering overall junction-to-coolant resistance. Full inverter power testing showed reduced thermal resistance from the middle of the module baseplate to coolant of up to 16.5%. Between the improvement in thermal performance and pumping power, the coefficient of performance improved by up to 13% for the jet-based configuration.

Waye, S. K.; Narumanchi, S.; Mihalic, M.; Moreno, G.; Bennion, K.; Jeffers, J.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Control and design of multi-use induction machines : traction, generation, and power conversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An electrical machine can be made to convert electrical power while performing in its primary role of transforming electrical energy into mechanical energy. One way of doing this is to design the machine with multiple ...

Avestruz, Al-Thaddeus

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Multi-Stage Converters: A New Technology for Traction Drive Juan W. Dixon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

demonstrated the feasibility to build multi-stage converters for real electric vehicles or electric buses of electric vehicles. On the other hand, the PWM techniques used today to control modern static converters of Electrical Engineering Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Felipe Ríos, and Alberto Bretón Department

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

279

Low Latency Hybrid Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulator for Railway Traction System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to a virtual plant in the identical way as it is connected to the real plant, such as inverter and electric machine. The virtual plant or the HiL simulator is composed of a real time computation machine (mostly Meng Sun and Joachim Böcker Institute of Power Electronics and Drives University of Paderborn Paderborn

Paderborn, Universität

280

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive traction applications Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

54 Spatiotemporal Constraints on the Force-Dependent Growth of Focal Jonathan Stricker, Yvonne Aratyn-Schaus, Patrick W. Oakes, and Margaret L. Gardel* Summary: adhesions...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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281

A Soft-Switching Inverter for High-Temperature Advanced Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Motor Drives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The state-of-the-art hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) require the inverter cooling system to have a separate loop to avoid power semiconductor junction over temperatures because the engine coolant temperature of 105?C does not allow for much temperature rise in silicon devices. The proposed work is to develop an advanced soft-switching inverter that will eliminate the device switching loss and cut down the power loss so that the inverter can operate at high-temperature conditions while operating at high switching frequencies with small current ripple in low inductance based permanent magnet motors. The proposed tasks also include high-temperature packaging and thermal modeling and simulation to ensure the packaged module can operate at the desired temperature. The developed module will be integrated with the motor and vehicle controller for dynamometer and in-vehicle testing to prove its superiority. This report will describe the detailed technical design of the soft-switching inverters and their test results. The experiments were conducted both in module level for the module conduction and switching characteristics and in inverter level for its efficiency under inductive and dynamometer load conditions. The performance will be compared with the DOE original specification.

None, None

2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

282

Storage device sizing for a hybrid railway traction system by means of bicausal bond graphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(a supercapacitor) included in this system is then discussed. Keywords: bond graph, bicausality In the paper, the example of a supercapacitor process consists of choosing the system structure dimensioning

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

283

Ferrite permanent magnet electrical machine and the application thereof within vehicle traction drives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes, in combination, a land vehicle having axially aligned ground engaging tractive wheels, and a drivetrain carried by the vehicle for the propulsion thereof. The drivetrain comprises: (a) a substantially fixed DC power source including at least one chemical battery, (b) transmission means including selectable multiple gear ratios, an input shaft and a mechanical differential operative to transfer torque to the wheels, (c) a single-phase self-synchronous permanent magnet motor including, (i) an elongated central shaft, (ii) a generally u-shaped frame assembly adapted for mechanical grounding the shaft to a relatively stationary portion of the vehicle, the shaft being secured to the frame proximate each end thereof, (iii) a stator assembly secured to the shaft and characterized by a plurality of outwardly directed integrally formed salient poles and associated bifilar-wound induction coils, and (iv) a rotor assembly rotatably disposed on the shaft and substantially enclosing the stator assembly, the rotor assembly comprising a cylindrical shell defining an inner surface.

Gritter, D.J.; O'Neil, W.K.; Turner, D.

1987-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

284

Fuzzy Logic Traction Controllers And Their Effect On Longitudinal Vehicle Platoon Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the plant. Figure 27 depicts the fuzzy logic control system.Figure 27: Fuzzy Logic Control System Fuzzification: Duringcontrol makes a fuzzy-logic control approach appealing (

Bauer, M.; Tomizuka, M.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Goodyear Tire Plant Gains Traction on Energy Savings After Completing Save  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdf Flash2006-53.pdf0.pdfCostAnalysis GeothermalEnergyDepartmentofNetworksEnergy Now

286

High-Temperature, Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter Packaging | Department  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject:Ground HawaiiWaste Heat Recovery: Success Storiesof

287

Utilizing the Traction Drive Power Electronics System to Provide Plug-in  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyTheTwo New12.'6/0.2Contract (UESC) is nottheDepartment

288

A Multiphase Traction/Fast-Battery-Charger Drive for Electric or Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This is a serious issue in case of Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Machine (PMSM). In this paper, an original

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

289

The “Fringe Sign” - A useful clinical finding in traction alopecia of the marginal hair line  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and its treatment with hair transplantation. Aesthetic Plast9. Olsen EA. Disorders of hair growth: diagnosis andM, Vincenzi C, Tosti A. Hair extensions: a concerning cause

Samrao, Aman; Price, Vera H; Zedek, Daniel; Mirmirani, Paradi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Voltage control on a train system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides methods for preventing low train voltages and managing interference, thereby improving the efficiency, reliability, and passenger comfort associated with commuter trains. An algorithm implementing neural network technology is used to predict low voltages before they occur. Once voltages are predicted, then multiple trains can be controlled to prevent low voltage events. Further, algorithms for managing inference are presented in the present invention. Different types of interference problems are addressed in the present invention such as "Interference During Acceleration", "Interference Near Station Stops", and "Interference During Delay Recovery." Managing such interference avoids unnecessary brake/acceleration cycles during acceleration, immediately before station stops, and after substantial delays. Algorithms are demonstrated to avoid oscillatory brake/acceleration cycles due to interference and to smooth the trajectories of closely following trains. This is achieved by maintaining sufficient following distances to avoid unnecessary braking/accelerating. These methods generate smooth train trajectories, making for a more comfortable ride, and improve train motor reliability by avoiding unnecessary mode-changes between propulsion and braking. These algorithms can also have a favorable impact on traction power system requirements and energy consumption.

Gordon, Susanna P.; Evans, John A.

2004-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

291

Method of managing interference during delay recovery on a train system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides methods for preventing low train voltages and managing interference, thereby improving the efficiency, reliability, and passenger comfort associated with commuter trains. An algorithm implementing neural network technology is used to predict low voltages before they occur. Once voltages are predicted, then multiple trains can be controlled to prevent low voltage events. Further, algorithms for managing inference are presented in the present invention. Different types of interference problems are addressed in the present invention such as "Interference During Acceleration", "Interference Near Station Stops", and "Interference During Delay Recovery." Managing such interference avoids unnecessary brake/acceleration cycles during acceleration, immediately before station stops, and after substantial delays. Algorithms are demonstrated to avoid oscillatory brake/acceleration cycles due to interference and to smooth the trajectories of closely following trains. This is achieved by maintaining sufficient following distances to avoid unnecessary braking/accelerating. These methods generate smooth train trajectories, making for a more comfortable ride, and improve train motor reliability by avoiding unnecessary mode-changes between propulsion and braking. These algorithms can also have a favorable impact on traction power system requirements and energy consumption.

Gordon, Susanna P.; Evans, John A.

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

292

Efficient high density train operations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides methods for preventing low train voltages and managing interference, thereby improving the efficiency, reliability, and passenger comfort associated with commuter trains. An algorithm implementing neural network technology is used to predict low voltages before they occur. Once voltages are predicted, then multiple trains can be controlled to prevent low voltage events. Further, algorithms for managing inference are presented in the present invention. Different types of interference problems are addressed in the present invention such as "Interference. During Acceleration", "Interference Near Station Stops", and "Interference During Delay Recovery." Managing such interference avoids unnecessary brake/acceleration cycles during acceleration, immediately before station stops, and after substantial delays. Algorithms are demonstrated to avoid oscillatory brake/acceleration cycles due to interference and to smooth the trajectories of closely following trains. This is achieved by maintaining sufficient following distances to avoid unnecessary braking/accelerating. These methods generate smooth train trajectories, making for a more comfortable ride, and improve train motor reliability by avoiding unnecessary mode-changes between propulsion and braking. These algorithms can also have a favorable impact on traction power system requirements and energy consumption.

Gordon, Susanna P. (Oakland, CA); Evans, John A. (Hayward, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Method for controlling a motor vehicle powertrain  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multiple forward speed automatic transmission produces its lowest forward speed ratio when a hydraulic clutch and hydraulic brake are disengaged and a one-way clutch connects a ring gear to the transmission casing. Second forward speed ratio results when the hydraulic clutch is engaged to connect the ring gear to the planetary carrier of a second gear set. Reverse drive and regenerative operation result when an hydraulic brake fixes the planetary and the direction of power flow is reversed. Various sensors produce signals representing the position of the gear selector lever operated manually by the vehicle operator, the speed of the power source, the state of the ignition key, and the rate of release of an accelerator pedal. A control algorithm produces input data representing a commanded upshift, a commanded downshift and a torque command and various constant torque signals. A microprocessor processes the input and produces a response to them in accordance with the execution of a control algorithm. Output or response signals cause selective engagement and disengagement of the clutch and brake to produce the forward drive, reverse and regenerative operation of the transmission.

Burba, Joseph C. (Ypsilanti, MI); Landman, Ronald G. (Ypsilanti, MI); Patil, Prabhakar B. (Detroit, MI); Reitz, Graydon A. (Farmington Hills, MI)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Method for controlling a motor vehicle powertrain  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multiple forward speed automatic transmission produces its lowest forward speed ratio when a hydraulic clutch and hydraulic brake are disengaged and a one-way clutch connects a ring gear to the transmission casing. Second forward speed ratio results when the hydraulic clutch is engaged to connect the ring gear to the planetary carrier of a second gear set. Reverse drive and regenerative operation result when an hydraulic brake fixes the planetary and the direction of power flow is reversed. Various sensors produce signals representing the position of the gear selector lever operated manually by the vehicle operator, the speed of the power source, the state of the ignition key, and the rate of release of an accelerator pedal. A control algorithm produces input data representing a commanded upshift, a commanded downshift and a torque command and various constant torque signals. A microprocessor processes the input and produces a response to them in accordance with the execution of a control algorithm. Output or response signals cause selective engagement and disengagement of the clutch and brake to produce the forward drive, reverse and regenerative operation of the transmission. 7 figs.

Burba, J.C.; Landman, R.G.; Patil, P.B.; Reitz, G.A.

1990-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

295

rail inspections matrix  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Air Brakes 4 - Air Brakes and Parts 5 - Air Brake Hoses and Hose Supports 6 - Brake Beams 7 - Brake Beam Hangers 8 - Brake Beam Hanger Brackets and Bracket Wear Plates 9 -...

296

Computer controlled synchronous shifting of an automatic transmission  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multiple forward speed automatic transmission produces its lowest forward speed ratio when a hydraulic clutch and hydraulic brake are disengaged and a one-way clutch connects a ring gear to the transmission casing. Second forward speed ratio results when the hydraulic clutch is engaged to connect the ring gear to the planetary carrier of a second gear set. Reverse drive and regenerative operation result when an hydraulic brake fixes the planetary and the direction of power flow is reversed. Various sensors produce signals representing the torque at the output of the transmission or drive wheels, the speed of the power source, and the hydraulic pressure applied to a clutch and brake. A control algorithm produces input data representing a commanded upshift, a commanded downshift, a commanded transmission output torque, and commanded power source speed. A microprocessor processes the inputs and produces a response to them in accordance with the execution of a control algorithm. Output or response signals cause selective engagement and disengagement of the clutch and brake at a rate that satisfies the requirements for a short gear ratio change and smooth torque transfer between the friction elements.

Davis, Roy I. (9214 Abbey La., Ypsilanti, MI 48198); Patil, Prabhakar B. (10294 W. Outer Dr., Detroit, MI 48223)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Computer controllable synchronous shifting of an automatic transmission  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multiple forward speed automatic transmission produces its lowest forward speed ratio when a hydraulic clutch and hydraulic brake are disengaged and a one-way clutch connects a ring gear to the transmission casing. Second forward speed ratio results when the hydraulic clutch is engaged to connect the ring gear to the planetary carrier of a second gear set. Reverse drive and regenerative operation result when an hydraulic brake fixes the planetary and the direction of power flow is reversed. Various sensors produce signals representing the torque at the output of the transmission or drive wheels, the speed of the power source, and the hydraulic pressure applied to a clutch and brake. A control algorithm produces input data representing a commanded upshift, a commanded downshift, a commanded transmission output torque, and commanded power source speed. A microprocessor processes the inputs and produces a response to them in accordance with the execution of a control algorithm. Output or response signals cause selective engagement and disengagement of the clutch and brake at a rate that satisfies the requirements for a short gear ratio change and smooth torque transfer between the friction elements. 6 figs.

Davis, R.I.; Patil, P.B.

1989-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

298

Prestressed elastomer for energy storage  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a regenerative braking device for an automotive vehicle. The device includes a power isolating assembly (14), an infinitely variable transmission (20) interconnecting an input shaft (16) with an output shaft (18), and an energy storage assembly (22). The storage assembly includes a plurality of elastomeric rods (44, 46) mounted for rotation and connected in series between the input and output shafts. The elastomeric rods are prestressed along their rotational or longitudinal axes to inhibit buckling of the rods due to torsional stressing of the rods in response to relative rotation of the input and output shafts.

Hoppie, Lyle O. (Birmingham, MI); Speranza, Donald (Canton, MI)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Double acting stirling engine phase control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mechanical device for effecting a phase change between the expansion and compression volumes of a double-acting Stirling engine uses helical elements which produce opposite rotation of a pair of crankpins when a control rod is moved, so the phase between two pairs of pistons is changed by +.psi. and the phase between the other two pairs of pistons is changed by -.psi.. The phase can change beyond .psi.=90.degree. at which regenerative braking and then reversal of engine rotation occurs.

Berchowitz, David M. (Scotia, NY)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electric Vehicle Traction... Develop two completely independent traction inverter systems for use in automobiles. Involves testing of commercially available power...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Brake rotor design and comparison using finite element analysis : an investigation in topology optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Introduction to the Conjugate Gradient Method Without thedescent method and the conjugate gradient method. The onlymethod and the conjugate gradient method can be found in

Domond, Kenneth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Experimental Evaluation of Time-redundant Execution for a Brake-by-wire Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

faults is to use time-redundancy [3, 4, 5, 6]. The declining prices of high-performance microprocessors error masking. The real-time kernel uses fixed priority scheduling to control temporal error masking

Karlsson, Johan

303

ORNL/TTG/BWPT/PVS/Rev5 Performance-Based Brake Tester  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and International Nuclear Information System (INIS) representatives from the following source. Office of Scientific

304

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic braking Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

limit the speed of an inline ... Source: Mft, Sinan - Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Northeastern University Collection: Engineering 2 Technical Report...

305

A performance evaluation of an automotive magnetorheological brake design with a sliding mode controller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

industries due to its potential to improve vehicle perfor- mance, safety and cost. The ``x'' in x Engineering, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, P.O. Box 3055 STN CSC, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 3P6 flow and heat transfer analysis. The performance of the MRB in a vehicle was studied using a quarter

Park, Edward

306

Combined fast valving and braking resistor application to improve transient stability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In many cases, power plants and load centers are connected through long transmission lines. Furthermore, the development over the years of improved methods of' cooling generators and of designing low pressure turbine stages have resulted in a reduction... power input to the turbogenerator is measured with a reheater pressure transducer and the electrica1 power output from the generator is measured with a kw transducer. When the 10 0 V 0 C4 4 0) f-4 H m Cd . A ) N Cd VII &D '0 (U Ctd cd cdm OE...

Chen, Jen-Yeu Thomas

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Abstract Arsenic hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata L. (Chinese brake fern) grows well in arsenic-contami-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and plated on medium containing 4 mM of arsenate, a common form of arsenic in the environment. The deduced ubiquitous in the environment. It is present both as arsenite (AsIII) and arsenate (AsV) in the environment

Ma, Lena

308

A molecular brake, not a clutch, stops the Rhodobacter sphaeroides flagellar motor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,1,2 , Mostyn T. Brownb,1 , Mark C. Leakea,c , Richard W. Brancha , Richard M. Berrya , and Judith P peptidoglycan-bound stator complexes, down an electrochemical gradient into the cytoplasm, is responsible

Berry, Richard

309

ORNL/TM-2011/479 Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.............................................................................................................................1 1.1 BACKGROUND...............................................................................................................6 2.2.1 Test Vehicle and Sensors

310

Pneumatic brake control for precision stopping of heavy-duty vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6], heavy-duty vehicle maintenance automation, as well astrue” automation are applications on heavy-duty vehicles [

Bu, Fanping; Tan, Han-Shue

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Injection Timing Effects on Brake Fuel Conversion Efficiency and Engine System's Respones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to excessive speeds and intake manifold to unnecessary pressures. 10 Table 1: Engine Specifications Number of Cylinders 4 Compression Ratio 17.0:1 Bore (in, mm) 4.19, 106 Stroke (in,mm) 5, 127 Displacement (in2... then decrease as injection moves from its most retarded timing to its most advanced timing. When varying from -4? ATDC to -22? ATDC, the BFCE reaches a peak at -10? ATDC of 22.9%, while the minimum of 20.1% occurs at -22? ATDC. For higher load low speed...

McLean, James Elliott

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

312

Arsenic species and leachability in the fronds of the hyperaccumulator Chinese brake (Pteris vittata L.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coupled with atomic fluorescence spectrometry. The impacts of air-drying on arsenic species Science Ltd. doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(02)00470-0 Enviro

Ma, Lena

313

Author's personal copy What can the braking indices tell us about the nature of pulsars?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

additional torques by particle outflow or accretion disk, changes in inclination angle or magnetic field's personal copy pole radiation and relativistic particle flow/wind (Dar, 1999; Allen and Horvath, 2000; Xu and Qiao, 2001; Wu et al., 2003; Contopoulos et al., 2006), the models with changing inclination angles (e

Xu, Ren-Xin

314

Daimler's SuperTruck Program; 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency | Department of  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models | Department1 Prepared by:DTE Energy Video (Text Version)000

315

Method and apparatus for suppressing regenerative instability and related chatter in machine tools  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of and apparatuses for mitigating chatter vibrations in machine tools or components thereof. Chatter therein is suppressed by periodically or continuously varying the stiffness of the cutting tool (or some component of the cutting tool), and hence the resonant frequency of the cutting tool (or some component thereof). The varying of resonant frequency of the cutting tool can be accomplished by modulating the stiffness of the cutting tool, the cutting tool holder, or any other component of the support for the cutting tool. By periodically altering the impedance of the cutting tool assembly, chatter is mitigated. In one embodiment, a cyclic electric (or magnetic) field is applied to the spindle quill which contains an electro-rheological (or magneto-rheological) fluid. The variable yield stress in the fluid affects the coupling of the spindle to the machine tool structure, changing the natural frequency of oscillation. Altering the modal characteristics in this fashion disrupts the modulation of current tool vibrations with previous tool vibrations recorded on the workpiece surface.

Segalman, Daniel J. (Albuquerque, NM); Redmond, James M. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Method and apparatus for suppressing regenerative instability and related chatter in machine tools  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of and apparatuses for mitigating chatter vibrations in machine tools or components thereof. Chatter therein is suppressed by periodically or continuously varying the stiffness of the cutting tool (or some component of the cutting tool), and hence the resonant frequency of the cutting tool (or some component thereof). The varying of resonant frequency of the cutting tool can be accomplished by modulating the stiffness of the cutting tool, the cutting tool holder, or any other component of the support for the cutting tool. By periodically altering the impedance of the cutting tool assembly, chatter is mitigated. In one embodiment, a cyclic electric (or magnetic) field is applied to the spindle quill which contains an electro-rheological (or magneto-rheological) fluid. The variable yield stress in the fluid affects the coupling of the spindle to the machine tool structure, changing the natural frequency of oscillation. Altering the modal characteristics in this fashion disrupts the modulation of current tool vibrations with previous tool vibrations recorded on the workpiece surface.

Segalman, Daniel J. (Albuquerque, NM); Redmond, James M. (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Dollars for Genes: Revenue Generation by the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

if it had negotiated a royalty license with Google. Google71 also promised large royalty income from the licensing ofmillion to $1.1 billion in royalties from research funded by

Gilbert, Richard J

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

A New Absorption Cycle: The Single-Effect Regenerative Absoprtion Refrigeration Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT o V 1,1, II II I BOILER TEMPERATURE,T B (OF) XBLlR operates with a multistage boiler and a multi- stagerather than in the boiler (or the generator). The greatest

Dao, K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Regenerative zinc/air and zinc/ferricyanide batteries for stationary power applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report a novel configuration for a zinc-particle, packed-bed anode in which an open structure of high hydraulic permeability is maintained indefinitely in a cell with closely spaced walls by the formation of particle bridges and associated gaps. The configuration minimizes electrolyte pumping costs, allows rapid refueling and partial recharge, and provides for 100% zinc consumption. This approach benefits zinc/air fuel batteries by allowing nearly continuous operation and fuel recycle without commercial infrastructure; it benefits Zn/[Fe(CN){sub 6}]{sup {minus}3} batteries by eliminating shape-change and polarization problems found with planar anodes.

Cooper, J.F.; Keene, L.E.; Noring, J.; Maimoni, A.; Peterman, K.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Trade-off Analysis of Regenerative Power Source for Long Duration Loitering Airship  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: photovoltaic flat panels, thin film photovoltaic panels, trough solar concentrators, Stirling dish solar by their excessive drag. Flat solar technologies (i.e. thin film, LSC, and flat panel PV) are ranked the highest, the airship needs a reliable, low-weight, renewable power generation system. This analysis is focused on solar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A New Absorption Cycle: The Single-Effect Regenerative Absoprtion Refrigeration Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When E is a generation process, it starts IV and ends atIV represent the main reference stations where the processes start or end. Vapor generation

Dao, K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

A microfabricated 3-D stem cell delivery scaffold for retinal regenerative therapy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diseases affecting the retina, such as Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) and Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP), result in the degeneration of the photoreceptor cells and can ultimately lead to blindness in patients. There is ...

Sodha, Sonal

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

The Topographic Imagination: Kerouac, Regener, Kafka and the Quest for Self-Realization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

der  Türhüter  beiseite  tritt,  bückt  sich  der  Mann,  he   replied,   “Das   tritt…nach   meiner   Kenntnis  

Backman, Donald Eugene

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

An analysis of the regenerative expansion cycle in multi-component hydrocarbon separation systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

absolute zero if the equip- ment is perfectly insulated and the amount of heat transfer surface is infinitely large. 5~~~%IIIIN(@Ni5@RAI)5@$5 IWW&~ 55SRINKa'RNSQRINSF)WJL%fOE& IMMMm y&~'~8?NMi&lKSSIKSAINF~ ILRRRF' ', IflF+RF)ISNi%IFkKAF4%:. , NJ NN&NRF... T X (d+g) T + T?(~ ~g) T dTm~zdl (TxTz) dT ~ dl [(Ot +Q) T i Y?- (Ol Jg) 7 - T] z dl % L y ln c z dT 1) Tz t Tx " (4++) T 1 1 [(al tg- 1) 7 + T? xl (aL )g) T 3 when L = 0 T = T 1 Tz = Tz 1 0 = ln (~t g- 1) T t T?- (4++) T zl xl zl c...

Horton, John Leroy

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

transmission april may 2003 re-gen56 Privately-owned distributed generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

overhead line circuits (known as radial feeders) extending out to consumers at the most rural edges distribution networks. Historically, the networks in these areas were designed to supply demand that tended Historically, distribution networks were designed to convey electrical energy from the high voltage

Harrison, Gareth

326

Bioluminescence regenerative cycle (BRC) system: Theoretical considerations for nucleic acid quantification assays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In the BRC system, pyrophosphate (PPi) molecules are released during biopolymerization and are counted

Hassibi, Arjang

327

Performance evaluation of an active filter non-regenerative AC drive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in order to complete this research. I am also very appreciative to the electrical engineering staff at Texas A&M for their dedication and support. I want to especially thank Ken Carr and David Benson for their devotion to this project. Without them... .................................................................. 15 2.3 Inverters ................................................................................................ 16 2.3.1 Voltage Source Inverters .................................................... 17 2.3.2 Current Source Inverters...

Skorcz, Alex Joseph

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

328

Effects of Regulated Water Flows on Regen-eration of Fremont Cottonwood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-long dam and reservoir system designed to provide water and hydroelectric power to the greater Phoenix

329

Model-based analysis and simulation of regenerative heat wheel Zhuang Wu a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

comfort and saving thermal energy [1]. It is often considered as one of the dominant elements of low energy residential buildings in cold winter regions [2]. Estimates show that as much as 70% of the energy The rotary regenerator (also called the heat wheel) is an important component of energy intensive sectors

Melnik, Roderick

330

Low-pressure-ratio regenerative exhaust-heated gas turbine. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A design study of coal-burning gas-turbine engines using the exhaust-heated cycle and state-of-the-art components has been completed. In addition, some initial experiments on a type of rotary ceramic-matrix regenerator that would be used to transfer heat from the products of coal combustion in the hot turbine exhaust to the cool compressed air have been conducted. Highly favorable results have been obtained on all aspects on which definite conclusions could be drawn.

Tampe, L.A.; Frenkel, R.G.; Kowalick, D.J.; Nahatis, H.M.; Silverstein, S.M.; Wilson, D.G.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Tissue engineering the anterior cruciate ligament : a regenerative medicine approach in orthopaedic surgery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries affect over 200,000 Americans yearly, and many occur in young athletes. Current treatment options include tendon autografts and cadaveric allografts. However, these approaches often ...

Canseco, José Antoni

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A study of the effect of variable speed machining on regenerative chatter in end milling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and format of the ASME Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering. However it has been observed that the increase in MRR is not usually limited by the power of the machine tool but by the onset of severe vibrations, namely chatter (Taylor, 1907...), Sridar (1968), Fu (1984), Minis (1990), Altintas (1995), and others. These investigators have attributed the source of this self-excited vibration to the regeneration of waviness on the workpiece. Figure 3 illustrates the regeneration effect m milling...

Dhayalan, Arun Kumar

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

ENSC 461 PROJECT: Development of a new hydraulic regenerative energy storage system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pressurized gas, typically nitrogen. In the regeneration mode, the compressed gas pushes the hydraulic fluid back into the low-pressure tank and generates electricity through the hydraulic pump/motor. The HRS in the acceleration mode. Following the recent increase in oil prices, the HRS technology has received considerable

Bahrami, Majid

334

REGENERATIVE STORMWATER CONVEYANCE (RSC) AS AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO SUSTAINABLE STORMWATER PLANNING ON LINEAR PROJECTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technique of using stream restoration techniques to create auses elements of stream restoration, riffle grade control

Berg, Joe; Underwood, Keith

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Generation of ultrashort radiation pulses by injection locking a regenerative free-electron-laser amplifier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

than a slippage length, with high efficiency. The IRKA configuration can produce such ultra can produce tunable high- power radiation. Another potentially important feature of the FEL is its decades of re- search and development. For example, many scientific appli- cations, such as condensed

Wurtele, Jonathan

336

Performance evaluation of an active filter non-regenerative AC drive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................... 17 2.4 Motor Loads ......................................................................................... 18 2.4.1 Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine (PMSM) ......... 19 viii CHAPTER Page 2.4.1.1 Mathematical Modeling... ............................................................ 46 3.3.2 Rectifier .............................................................................. 46 3.3.3 Control System ................................................................... 47 3.3.4 Inverter-Driven PMSM...

Skorcz, Alex Joseph

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

REGENERATIVE STORMWATER CONVEYANCE (RSC) AS AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO SUSTAINABLE STORMWATER PLANNING ON LINEAR PROJECTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vernal pool wetland area, improved water quality treatment,treatment for road runoff to a receiving depression, wetland,wetland and stream ecosystem function. The collection, treatment and

Berg, Joe; Underwood, Keith

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Baseline and verification tests of the electric vehicle associates' current fare station wagon. Final test report, March 27, 1980-November 6, 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The EVA Current Fare Wagon was manufactured by Electric Vehicle Associates, Incorporated (EVA) of Cleveland, Ohio. It is now available from Lectra Motors Corp. of Las Vegas, Nevada. The vehicle was tested under the direction of MERADCOM from 27 March 1980 to 6 November 1981. The tests are part of a Department of Energy project to assess advances in electric vehicle design. This report presents the performance test results on the EVA Current Fare Wagon. The EVA Current Fare Wagon is a 1980 Ford Fairmont station wagon which has been converted to an electric vehicle. The propulsion system is made up of a Cableform controller, a series-wound 30-hp Reliance Electric Motor, and 22 6-V lead-acid batteries. The Current Fare Wagon is also equipped with regenerative braking. Further details of the vehicle are given in the Vehicle Summary Data Sheet, Appendix A. The results of this testing are given in Table 1.

Dowgiallo, E.J. Jr.; Chapman, R.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Method and apparatus for controlling battery charging in a hybrid electric vehicle  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A starter/alternator system (24) for hybrid electric vehicle (10) having an internal combustion engine (12) and an energy storage device (34) has a controller (30) coupled to the starter/alternator (26). The controller (30) has a state of charge manager (40) that monitors the state of charge of the energy storage device. The controller has eight battery state-of-charge threshold values that determine the hybrid operating mode of the hybrid electric vehicle. The value of the battery state-of-charge relative to the threshold values is a factor in the determination of the hybrid mode, for example; regenerative braking, charging, battery bleed, boost. The starter/alternator may be operated as a generator or a motor, depending upon the mode.

Phillips, Anthony Mark (Northville, MI); Blankenship, John Richard (Dearborn, MI); Bailey, Kathleen Ellen (Dearborn, MI); Jankovic, Miroslava (Birmingham, MI)

2003-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

340

21st Century Locomotive Technology: 2003 Annual Technical Status Report DOE/AL68284-TSR03  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 21st Century Locomotive program objective is to develop 25% more efficient freight locomotives by 2010. Diesel engine-related research addresses advanced fuel injection, electric turbocharger and abradable seals. Assembly of a common rail fuel injection test system is underway, and a CFD combustion model has been validated. An electrically assisted turbocharger has been constructed and operated, meeting the generator mode design rating. System characterization and optimization is ongoing. Candidate abradable seal materials have been identified and test coupons prepared. Locomotive system-related research addresses capturing, storing and utilizing regenerative braking energy in a hybrid locomotive, and fuel optimization control. Hybrid locomotive energy storage requirements have been identified and studies on specific energy storage solutions are in progress. Energy management controls have been defined and testing initiated. Train and track parameter identification necessary for fuel optimization has been demonstrated.

Lembit Salasoo

2004-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Simulations of the Fuel Economy and Emissions of Hybrid Transit Buses over Planned Local Routes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present simulated fuel economy and emissions city transit buses powered by conventional diesel engines and diesel-hybrid electric powertrains of varying size. Six representative city drive cycles were included in the study. In addition, we included previously published aftertreatment device models for control of CO, HC, NOx, and particulate matter (PM) emissions. Our results reveal that bus hybridization can significantly enhance fuel economy by reducing engine idling time, reducing demands for accessory loads, exploiting regenerative braking, and shifting engine operation to speeds and loads with higher fuel efficiency. Increased hybridization also tends to monotonically reduce engine-out emissions, but trends in the tailpipe (post-aftertreatment) emissions involve more complex interactions that significantly depend on motor size and drive cycle details.

Gao, Zhiming [ORNL] [ORNL; LaClair, Tim J [ORNL] [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL] [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL] [ORNL; Franzese, Oscar [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Near-term electric test vehicle ETV-2. Phase II. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A unique battery-powered passenger vehicle has been developed that provides a significant improvement over conventional electric vehicle performance, particularly during stop-and-go driving. The vehicle is unique in two major respects: (1) the power system incorporates a flywheel that stores energy during regenerative braking and makes possible the acceleration capability needed to keep up with traffic without reducing range to unacceptable values; and (2) lightweight plastic materials are used for the vehicle unibody to minimize weight and increase range. These features were analyzed and demonstrated in an electric test vehicle, ETV-2. Characteristics of this vehicle are summarized. Information is presented on: vehicle design, fabrication, safety testing, and performance testing; power system design and operation; flywheel; battery pack performance; and controls and electronic equipment. (LCL)

Not Available

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Electric vehicle drive train with direct coupling transmission  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electric vehicle drive train includes an electric motor and an associated speed sensor, a transmission operable in a speed reduction mode or a direct coupled mode, and a controller responsive to the speed sensor for operating the transmission in the speed reduction mode when the motor is below a predetermined value, and for operating the motor in the direct coupled mode when the motor speed is above a predetermined value. The controller reduces the speed of the motor, such as by regeneratively braking the motor, when changing from the speed reduction mode to the direct coupled mode. The motor speed may be increased when changing from the direct coupled mode to the speed reduction mode. The transmission is preferably a single stage planetary gearbox. 6 figures.

Tankersley, J.B.; Boothe, R.W.; Konrad, C.E.

1995-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

344

Electric vehicle drive train with direct coupling transmission  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electric vehicle drive train includes an electric motor and an associated speed sensor, a transmission operable in a speed reduction mode or a direct coupled mode, and a controller responsive to the speed sensor for operating the transmission in the speed reduction mode when the motor is below a predetermined value, and for operating the motor in the direct coupled mode when the motor speed is above a predetermined value. The controller reduces the speed of the motor, such as by regeneratively braking the motor, when changing from the speed reduction mode to the direct coupled mode. The motor speed may be increased when changing from the direct coupled mode to the speed reduction mode. The transmission is preferably a single stage planetary gearbox.

Tankersley, Jerome B. (Fredericksburg, VA); Boothe, Richard W. (Roanoke, VA); Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Detection of a magnetic field on HD108: clues to extreme magnetic braking and the Of?p phenomenon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the detection of a magnetic field on the Of?p star HD108. Spectropolarimetric observations conducted in 2007, 2008 and 2009 respectively with NARVAL@TBL and ESPaDOnS@CFHT reveal a clear Zeeman signature in the average Stokes V profile, stable on timescales of days to months and slowly increasing in amplitude on timescales of years. We speculate that this timescale is the same as that on which Ha emission is varying and is equal to the rotation period of the star. The corresponding longitudinal magnetic field, measured during each of the three seasons, increases slowly from 100 to 150G, implying that the polar strength of the putatively-dipolar large-scale magnetic field of HD108 is at least 0.5kG and most likely of the order of 1-2 kG. The stellar and wind properties are derived through a quantitative spectroscopic analysis with the code CMFGEN. The effective temperature is difficult to constrain because of the unusually strong HeI4471 and HeI5876 lines. Values in the range 33000-37000 K are preferr...

Martins, F; Marcolino, W L F; Bouret, J -C; Wade, G A; Escolano, C; Howarth, I D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

486 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 54, NO. 2, MARCH 2005 Iterative Learning Control of Antilock Braking of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering, University of Michigan-Dearborn, Dearborn, MI 48128 USA (e-mail: chrismi@umich.edu; mi Engineering, University of Michigan-Dearborn, Dearborn, MI 48128 USA (e-mail: anding@umich.edu). Digital driving, while the equivalent model, Corolla, which is driven by an internal combustion engine (ICE) alone

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

347

Energy-Saving Control of an Unstable Valve with a MR Brake QingHui Yuan and Perry Y. Li  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the effect of flow induced forces, QingHui Yuan is with Eaton Corporation Innovation Center, Eden Prairie, MN. QinghuiYuan@eaton.com P. Y. Li is with the Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota

Li, Perry Y.

348

aux lignes de force il y a une diffrence de traction de mme gran-deur. 1'I. Quincke a remarqu que, dans le sulfure de carbone,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dans l'huile de colza, lavée soigneusement au sulfure de carbone et laissée dans ce liquide pendant 22 tournait de nouveau, mais pendant 2 heures seulement, dans le sulfure de carbone, avec une différence de quart d'heure, méme à 90°. L'auteur a opéré sur les sels suivants : AzH�,Az03 K3FeCy6 KBr (AzH')2 S04

Boyer, Edmond

349

Goodyear Tire Plant Gains Traction on Energy Savings After Completing Save Energy Now Assessment; Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) Save Energy Now Case Study (Brochure)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject: GuidanceNot Measurement Sensitive DOE-1-SE-4301)Goodyear

350

EHRS Impact on Engine Warm-up and Fuel Economy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

20% Traction Power Gasoline 6% Transmission and misc 37% Cooling 37% Exhaust Diesel 25% Traction Power 6% Transmission and misc 37% Cooling 32% Exhaust Diesel...

351

NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Electric Vehicle Traction... To develop two completely independent traction inverter systems for use in automobiles. Involves design and fabrication of hardware...

352

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 105, NO. B9, PAGES 21,727-21,744,SEPTEMBER 10, 2000 Dynamics of intracontinental extensionin the north Baikal rift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.Amongthefactorsthatcontributetotheinitiationand evolution of intracontinental rift zones, far-field stressin the lithosphere(horizontal traction), heat supply by mantle plumes or asthenosphericupwellings (basal traction), inherited zones of weaknessin

Déverchère, Jacques

353

A Bidirectional High-Power-Quality Grid Interface With a Novel Bidirectional Noninverted Buck Boost Converter for PHEVs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) will play a vital role in future sustainable transportation systems due to their potential in terms of energy security, decreased environmental impact, improved fuel economy, and better performance. Moreover, new regulations have been established to improve the collective gas mileage, cut greenhouse gas emissions, and reduce dependence on foreign oil. This paper primarily focuses on two major thrust areas of PHEVs. First, it introduces a grid-friendly bidirectional alternating current/direct current ac/dc dc/ac rectifier/inverter for facilitating vehicle-to-grid (V2G) integration of PHEVs. Second, it presents an integrated bidirectional noninverted buck boost converter that interfaces the energy storage device of the PHEV to the dc link in both grid-connected and driving modes. The proposed bidirectional converter has minimal grid-level disruptions in terms of power factor and total harmonic distortion, with less switching noise. The integrated bidirectional dc/dc converter assists the grid interface converter to track the charge/discharge power of the PHEV battery. In addition, while driving, the dc/dc converter provides a regulated dc link voltage to the motor drive and captures the braking energy during regenerative braking.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Analysis of hydraulic power transduction in regenerative rotary shock absorbers as function of working fluid kinematic viscosity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This investigation seeks to investigate the relationship of kinematic fluid viscosity to the effective power transduction seen by a hydraulic motor. Applications of this research specifically relate to energy recovery from ...

Avadhany, Shakeel N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

DESCRIPTION OF CYCLES Both a simple cycle and a regenerative cycle were examined; these are described in Fig 1.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

would be worthwhile only if potential for high thermodynamic efficiency could be shown. METHOD; these are described in Fig 1. Both are high-pressure cycles; that is, compression precedes heat rejection conditions, some of the water vapor will condense in the indoor coil. It was assumed that the condensate

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

356

Power Modulation Investigation for High Temperature (175-200 degrees Celcius) Automotive Application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hybrid electric vehicles were re-introduced in the late 1990s after a century dominated by purely internal combustion powered engines[1]. Automotive players, such as GM, Ford, DaimlerChrysler, Honda, and Toyota, together with major energy producers, such as BPAmoco, were the major force in the development of hybrid electric vehicles. Most notable was the development by Toyota of its Prius, which was launched in Japan in 1997 and worldwide in 2001. The shift to hybrids was driven by the fact that the sheer volume of vehicles on the road had begun to tax the ability of the environment to withstand the pollution of the internal combustion engine and the ability of the fossil fuel industry to produce a sufficient amount of refined gasoline. In addition, the number of vehicles was anticipated to rise exponentially with the increasing affluence of China and India. Over the last fifteen years, major advances have been made in all the technologies essential to hybrid vehicle success, including batteries, motors, power control and conditioning electronics, regenerative braking, and power sources, including fuel cells. Current hybrid electric vehicles are gasoline internal combustion--electric motor hybrids. These hybrid electric vehicles range from micro-hybrids, where a stop/start system cuts the engine while the vehicle is stopped, and mild hybrids where the stop/start system is supplemented by regenerative braking and power assist, to full hybrids where the combustion motor is optimized for electric power production, and there is full electric drive and full regenerative braking. PSA Peugeot Citroen estimates the increased energy efficiency will range from 3-6% for the micro-hybrids to 15-25% for the full hybrids.[2] Gasoline-electric hybrids are preferred in US because they permit long distance travel with low emissions and high gasoline mileage, while still using the existing refueling infrastructure. One of the most critical areas in which technology has been advancing has been the development of electronics that can operate in the high temperature environments present in hybrid vehicles. The temperatures under the hood for a gasoline-electric hybrid vehicle are comparable to those for traditional internal combustion engines. This is known to be a difficult environment with respect to commercial-grade electronics, as there are surface and ambient temperatures ranging from 125 C to 175 C. In addition, some hybrid drive electronics are placed in even harsher environments, such as on or near the brakes, where temperatures can reach 250 C. Furthermore, number of temperature cycles experienced by electronics in a hybrid vehicle is different from that experienced in a traditional vehicle. A traditional internal combustion vehicle will have the engine running for longer periods, whereas a mild or micro-hybrid engine will experience many more starts and stops.[3] This means that hybrid automotive electronics will undergo more cycles of a potential wider temperature cycle than standard automotive electronics, which in turn see temperature cycles of 2 to 3 times the magnitude of the {Delta}T = 50 C-75 C experienced by commercial-grade electronics. This study will discuss the effects of these harsh environments on the failure mechanisms and ultimate reliability of electronic systems developed for gasoline-electric hybrid vehicles. In addition, it will suggest technologies and components that can reasonably be expected to perform well in these environments. Finally, it will suggest areas where further research is needed or desirable. Areas for further research will be highlighted in bold, italic type. It should be noted that the first area where further research is desirable is in developing a clearer understanding of the actual hybrid automotive electronics environment and how to simulate it through accelerated testing, thus: Developing specific mission profiles and accelerated testing protocols for the underhood environment for hybrid cars, as has previously been done for gasoline-powered vehicles, is an important area for further st

McCluskey, F. P.

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

357

Use of Fault Tree Analysis for Automotive Reliability and Safety Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fault tree analysis (FTA) evolved from the aerospace industry in the 1960's. A fault tree is deductive logic model that is generated with a top undesired event in mind. FTA answers the question, ''how can something occur?'' as opposed to failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) that is inductive and answers the question, ''what if?'' FTA is used in risk, reliability and safety assessments. FTA is currently being used by several industries such as nuclear power and chemical processing. Typically the automotive industries uses failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) such as design FMEAs and process FMEAs. The use of FTA has spread to the automotive industry. This paper discusses the use of FTA for automotive applications. With the addition automotive electronics for various applications in systems such as engine/power control, cruise control and braking/traction, FTA is well suited to address failure modes within these systems. FTA can determine the importance of these failure modes from various perspectives such as cost, reliability and safety. A fault tree analysis of a car starting system is presented as an example.

Lambert, H

2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

358

Advanced Aerodynamic Devices to Improve the Performance, Economics, Handling, and Safety of Heavy Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research is being conducted at the Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) to develop advanced aerodynamic devices to improve the performance, economics, stability, handling and safety of operation of Heavy Vehicles by using previously-developed and flight-tested pneumatic (blown) aircraft technology. Recent wind-tunnel investigations of a generic Heavy Vehicle model with blowing slots on both the leading and trailing edges of the trailer have been conducted under contract to the DOE Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies. These experimental results show overall aerodynamic drag reductions on the Pneumatic Heavy Vehicle of 50% using only 1 psig blowing pressure in the plenums, and over 80% drag reductions if additional blowing air were available. Additionally, an increase in drag force for braking was confirmed by blowing different slots. Lift coefficient was increased for rolling resistance reduction by blowing only the top slot, while downforce was produced for traction increase by blowing only the bottom. Also, side force and yawing moment were generated on either side of the vehicle, and directional stability was restored by blowing the appropriate side slot. These experimental results and the predicted full-scale payoffs are presented in this paper, as is a discussion of additional applications to conventional commercial autos, buses, motor homes, and Sport Utility Vehicles.

Robert J. Englar

2001-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

359

alternative fuel vehicles: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

lower brake specific fuel consumption for DBE10 compare to diesel. Index Terms- injection pressure, oxygenated fuel, brake thermal efficiency D I. Sharun Mendonca; John Paul Vas...

360

alternative fuel vehicle: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

lower brake specific fuel consumption for DBE10 compare to diesel. Index Terms- injection pressure, oxygenated fuel, brake thermal efficiency D I. Sharun Mendonca; John Paul Vas...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Value Capture in the Global Wind Energy Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nacelle housing Brake system Yaw bearings All other Suppliern.a. n.a. Brake system n.a. n.a. Yaw bearings Spain n .a.

Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Observations of Infalling and Rotational Motions on a 1,000-AU Scale around 17 Class 0 and 0/I Protostars: Hints of Disk Growth and Magnetic Braking?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We perform imaging and analyses of SMA 1.3 mm continuum, C18O (2-1) and 12CO (2-1) line data of 17 Class 0 and 0/I protostars to study their gas kinematics on a 1,000-AU scale. Continuum and C18O (2-1) emission are detected toward all the sample sources and show central primary components with sizes of ~600-1,500 AU associated with protostars. The velocity gradients in C18O (2-1) have wide ranges of orientations from parallel to perpendicular to the outflows, with magnitudes from ~1 to ~530 km/s/pc. We construct a simple kinematic model to reproduce the observed velocity gradients, estimate the infalling and rotational velocities, and infer the disk radii and the protostellar masses. The inferred disk radii range from 500 AU with estimated protostellar masses from 1 Msun. Our results hint that both large and small disks are possibly present around Class 0 protostars, which could be a sign of disk growth at the Class 0 stage. In addition, the directions of the overall velocity gradients in 7 out of the 17 sour...

Yen, Hsi-Wei; Takakuwa, Shigehisa; Ho, Paul T P; Ohashi, Nagayoshi; Tang, Ya-Wen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

PWM Regenerative Rectifiers: State of the Art J. Rodriguez, Senior Member, IEEE, J. Dixon, J. Espinoza, Member, IEEE, and P. Lezana.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for microelectron- ics, household-electric appliances , electronic ballast, battery charging, DC-motor drives, power frequency. The simplest line-commutated converters use diodes to trans- form the electrical energy from AC a negative effect in the operation of the electrical system and therefore, an increasing attention is paid

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

364

Regenerative process for removal of mercury and other heavy metals from gases containing H.sub.2 and/or CO  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for removal of mercury from a gaseous stream containing the mercury, hydrogen and/or CO, and hydrogen sulfide and/or carbonyl sulfide in which a dispersed Cu-containing sorbent is contacted with the gaseous stream at a temperature in the range of about 25.degree. C. to about 300.degree. C. until the sorbent is spent. The spent sorbent is contacted with a desorbing gaseous stream at a temperature equal to or higher than the temperature at which the mercury adsorption is carried out, producing a regenerated sorbent and an exhaust gas comprising released mercury. The released mercury in the exhaust gas is captured using a high-capacity sorbent, such as sulfur-impregnated activated carbon, at a temperature less than about 100.degree. C. The regenerated sorbent may then be used to capture additional mercury from the mercury-containing gaseous stream.

Jadhav, Raja A. (Naperville, IL)

2009-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

365

Regenerative process and system for the simultaneous removal of particulates and the oxides of sulfur and nitrogen from a gas stream  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process and system are described for simultaneously removing from a gaseous mixture, sulfur oxides by means of a solid sulfur oxide acceptor on a porous carrier, nitrogen oxides by means of ammonia gas and particulate matter by means of filtration and for the regeneration of loaded solid sulfur oxide acceptor. Finely-divided solid sulfur oxide acceptor is entrained in a gaseous mixture to deplete sulfur oxides from the gaseous mixture, the finely-divided solid sulfur oxide acceptor being dispersed on a porous carrier material having a particle size up to about 200 microns. In the process, the gaseous mixture is optionally pre-filtered to remove particulate matter and thereafter finely-divided solid sulfur oxide acceptor is injected into the gaseous mixture.

Cohen, M.R.; Gal, E.

1993-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

366

A Platform Technology for Optimized Production of Islet-like Spheroids and Other 3D Cell Spheroids for Applications in Drug Discovery and Regenerative Medicine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is an ever-growing need for a transition from the flat world of 2D monolayer cell culture to one of 3D organotypic tissue structures, bringing increased physiological relevance to early bench-top scientific discoveries. ...

Ramachandran, Karthik

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

367

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Low-Cost SiC and GaN Wide Bandgap Inverters for Under-the-Hood Electric Vehicle Traction Drives  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by APEI Inc. at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about Advanced low-cost SIC and GaN wide...

368

Atmospheric Environment 41 (2007) 49084919 Particle size and composition distribution analysis of automotive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of automotive brake abrasion dusts for the evaluation of antimony sources of airborne particulate matter Akihiro

Short, Daniel

369

Machine Design -2 The figure below shows a picture of the splined end of a failed half-shaft. The fatigue failure occurred at the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and resists the braking torque on deceleration. The acceleration and braking torques act in opposite directions, the braking torque will be taken as positive since it is the larger torque. The acceleration torque is measured accurately, Tmin = -411.6 in-lbf. The braking torque is loosely estimated as Tmax

Virginia Tech

370

DRIVING SAFETY Summer time in the south and that means the potential for afternoon thunderstorms. Listed below are the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with oil and dirt on the road that makes it slippery. · Slow down for large puddles, wet brakes reduce breaking ability. Drive through slowly, tapping the brake. Test brakes once you're through, after checking. If you start to lose control, take your foot off the gas. Don't brake suddenly. · Be aware of passing

Li, X. Rong

371

Experimental analysis on squeal modal instability F.Massi, L.Baillet, O.Giannini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-mail: francesco.massi@uniroma1.it Abstract In this paper, an experimental analysis performed on a simplified brake apparatus is presented. Brake squeal is a major concern in braking design. During past years a common a dynamic instability. When two modes of the brake system couple at the same frequency, one of them becomes

Boyer, Edmond

372

Living Bacterial Sacrificial Porogens to Engineer Decellularized Porous Scaffolds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decellularization and cellularization of organs have emerged as disruptive methods in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Porous hydrogel scaffolds have widespread applications in tissue engineering, regenerative ...

Xu, Feng

373

Electric vehicles move closer to market  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article reports that though battery technology is currently limiting the growth of EVs, the search for improvements is spurring innovative engineering developments. As battery makers, automakers, national laboratories, and others continue their search for a practical source of electric power that will make electric vehicles (EVs) more viable, engineers worldwide are making progress in other areas of EV development. Vector control, for example, enables better regulation of motor torque and speed; composite and aluminum parts reduce the vehicle`s weight, which in turn reduces the load on the motor and battery; and flywheel energy storage systems, supercapacitors, regenerative brake systems, and hybrid/electric drive trains increase range and acceleration. Despite efforts to develop an electric vehicle from the ground up, most of the early EVs to be sold in the United States will likely be converted from gasoline-powered vehicles. Chrysler Corp., for example, is expected to sell electric versions of its minivans and build them on the same assembly line as its gasoline-powered vehicles to reduce costs. The pace of engineering development in this field is fast and furious. Indeed, it is virtually impossible to monitor all emerging EV technology. To meet their quotas, the major automakers may even consider buying credits from smaller, innovative EV manufacturers. But whatever stopgap measures vehicle makers take, technology development will be the driving force behind long-term EV growth.

O`Connor, L.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Extending the Constant Power Speed Range of the Brushless DC Motor through Dual Mode Inverter Control -- Part I: Theory and Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An inverter topology and control scheme has been developed that can drive low-inductance, surface-mounted permanent magnet motors over the wide constant power speed range required in electric vehicle applications. This new controller is called the dual-mode inverter control (DMIC) [1]. The DMIC can drive either the Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine (PMSM) with sinusoidal back emf, or the brushless dc machine (BDCM) with trapezoidal emf in the motoring and regenerative braking modes. In this paper we concentrate on the BDCM under high-speed motoring conditions. Simulation results show that if all motor and inverter loss mechanisms are neglected, the constant power speed range of the DMIC is infinite. The simulation results are supported by closed form expressions for peak and rms motor current and average power derived from analytical solution to the differential equations governing the DMIC/BDCM drive for the lossless case. The analytical solution shows that the range of motor inductance that can be accommodated by the DMIC is more than an order of magnitude such that the DMIC is compatible with both low- and high-inductance BDCMs. Finally, method is given for integrating the classical hysteresis band current control, used for motor control below base speed, with the phase advance of DMIC that is applied above base speed. The power versus speed performance of the DMIC is then simulated across the entire speed range.

Lawler, J.S.

2001-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

375

User's guide to DIANE Version 2. 1: A microcomputer software package for modeling battery performance in electric vehicle applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DIANE is an interactive microcomputer software package for the analysis of battery performance in electric vehicle (EV) applications. The principal objective of this software package is to enable the prediction of EV performance on the basis of laboratory test data for batteries. The model provides a second-by-second simulation of battery voltage and current for any specified velocity/time or power/time profile. The capability of the battery is modeled by an algorithm that relates the battery voltage to the withdrawn current, taking into account the effect of battery depth-of-discharge (DOD). Because of the lack of test data and other constraints, the current version of DIANE deals only with vehicles using fresh'' batteries with or without regenerative braking. Deterioration of battery capability due to aging can presently be simulated with user-input parameters accounting for an increase of effective internal resistance and/or a decrease of cell no-load voltage. DIANE 2.1 is written in FORTRAN language for use on IBM-compatible microcomputers. 7 refs.

Marr, W.W.; Walsh, W.J. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA). Energy Systems Div.); Symons, P.C. (Electrochemical Engineering Consultants, Inc., Morgan Hill, CA (USA))

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Accounting for the Variation of Driver Aggression in the Simulation of Conventional and Advanced Vehicles (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation discusses a method of accounting for realistic levels of driver aggression to higher-level vehicle studies, including the impact of variation in real-world driving characteristics (acceleration and speed) on vehicle energy consumption and different powertrains (e.g., conventionally powered vehicles versus electrified drive vehicles [xEVs]). Aggression variation between drivers can increase fuel consumption by more than 50% or decrease it by more than 20% from average. The normalized fuel consumption deviation from average as a function of population percentile was found to be largely insensitive to powertrain. However, the traits of ideal driving behavior are a function of powertrain. In conventional vehicles, kinetic losses dominate rolling resistance and aerodynamic losses. In xEVs with regenerative braking, rolling resistance and aerodynamic losses dominate. The relation of fuel consumption predicted from real-world drive data to that predicted by the industry-standard HWFET, UDDS, LA92, and US06 drive cycles was not consistent across powertrains, and varied broadly from the mean, median, and mode of real-world driving. A drive cycle synthesized by NREL's DRIVE tool accurately and consistently reproduces average real-world for multiple powertrains within 1%, and can be used to calculate the fuel consumption effects of varying levels of driver aggression.

Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Rekuperativ katalytisk udstdsreaktor til stationre gasmotorer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at fairly low flue gas temperatures in the exhaust to regenerative incineration plants that increase

378

Nomadic Communications AA 2009/10 Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nomadic Communications AA 2009/10 Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks 90% of this material is reproduced brakes before a collision Some 40% more do not brake effectively Road Accidents 41.600 fatalities 1

Lo Cigno, Renato Antonio

379

Nomadic Communications AA 2010/11 Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nomadic Communications AA 2010/11 Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks 90% of this material is reproduced brakes before a collision Some 40% more do not brake effectively Road Accidents 41.600 fatalities 1

Lo Cigno, Renato Antonio

380

Nomadic Communications AA 2010/11 Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nomadic Communications AA 2010/11 Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks 90% of this material is reproduced% of passengers vehicles and 26% of trucks do not activate brakes before a collision Some 40% more do not brake

Lo Cigno, Renato Antonio

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Empathic Experience Design (Seepersad) | 1! EMPATHIC EXPERIENCE DESIGN!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

! Cost! External interactions! User interactions! Architecture! ·material flow! ·energy flow! ·inform to a product! · Often innovate themselves! Drum Brakes! Aftermarket Forks! Quick-release seats! Motorcycle brake levers! Reinforced Frames! [4] Von Hippel, E., 2005, Democratizing Innovation, MIT Press.! Photo

Ghosh, Joydeep

382

Nomadic Communications AA 2009/10 Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nomadic Communications AA 2009/10 Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks 90% of this material is reproduced% of passengers vehicles and 26% of trucks do not activate brakes before a collision Some 40% more do not brake

Lo Cigno, Renato Antonio

383

CRANE/HOIST SAFETY PROGRAM Texas Tech University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HOLDING BRAKE..........................................................................................6) are protected from potential hazards associated with the movement of equipment and material. The Crane

Zhang, Yuanlin

384

Technical Report #36 March 1, 1984 Computational Logic Inc.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. An entire line of automobiles is recalled because of problems with the software that controls the braking

Boyer, Robert Stephen

385

MUSIC VENUES IN EXETERMUSIC VENUES IN EXETER EXETER'S MUSIC SCENEEXETER'S MUSIC SCENE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Damned o Turin Brakes o Youngblood Brass Band #12;AROUND EXETERAROUND EXETER Cavern Club Live Music Venue

Mumby, Peter J.

386

Analysis, Design, And Evaluation Of Avcs For Heavy-duty Vehicles With Actuator Delays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel/brake (deg) time (s) acceleration (m/s 2 ) time (s) Figure 4: Ten autonomous vehicles,fuel/brake (deg) time (s) acceleration (m/s 2 ) time (s) Figure 5: Ten autonomous vehicles,fuel/brake (deg) time (s) acceleration (m/s 2 ) time (s) Figure 8: Ten autonomous vehicles,

Yanakiev, Diana; Eyre, Jennifer; Kanellakopoulos, Ioannis

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Analysis, Design And Evaluation Of Avcs For Heavy-duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel/brake (deg) time (s) acceleration (m/s 2 ) time (s) Figure 2 : Ten autonomous vehicles,fuel/brake (deg) time (s) acceleration (m/s 2 ) time (s) Figure 3 : Ten autonomous vehicles,fuel/brake (deg) time (s) acceleration (m/s 2 ) time (s) Figure 6 : Ten autonomous vehicles,

Yanakiev, Diana; Kanellakopoulos, Ioannis

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Getting Out of the Way Safety Verification without Compromise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

verification of adaptive cruise control algorithms require both discrete braking modes and overly conservative conditions for adaptive cruise control algorithms that do not require discontinuous braking and also allow · Assume global upper and lower braking bounds · Assume worst-case scenario (WCS) ­ Leader uses strongest

Sivilotti, Paul

389

Traffic Light Mapping and Detection Nathaniel Fairfield Chris Urmson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by lines painted on the road, traffic lights indicate precedence at intersections, brake lights show when, are becoming common- place as part of commercial driver-assistance systems. With power steering, power brakes obstructions or false positives such as those induced by the brake lights of other vehicles. Happily, both

Tomkins, Andrew

390

Design and Implementation of a Teleautonomous Hummer Darrin C. Bentivegna, Khaled S. Ali, Ronald C. Arkin and Tucker Balch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for steering, brake, and throttle have been implemented on a commercially available Hummer. Control is provided to feedback sensors for the steering wheel, brake, and forward speed; and a Unix workstation for high control the steering wheel, brake pedal and throttle. A control computer performs low­level computation

391

A Preliminary Report on Tool Support and Methodology for Feature Interaction Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that operate the dynamics of the vehicle. Examples of these mechanical components are brakes, throttle of these mechanical components are brakes, throttle and steering. Ideally, features should be able to be integrated simultaneous requests to apply the brakes and the throttle. The feature interaction problem becomes more

Waterloo, University of

392

Influence of physical parameters and operating conditions for structural integrity of mechanical system subjected to squeal noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the static load and circular wave front lines for the ramp loading. Introduction Disc brake systems-linear vibrations, acoustic radiation, brake squeal, friction Abstract. This work proposes to study the effects of physical parameters and loading conditions on both dynamic and acoustic responses of a brake system

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

393

Science Arts & Mtiers (SAM) is an open access repository that collects the work of Arts et Mtiers ParisTech  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BALMES - On the influence of geometry updating on modal correlation of brake components. - 2012 Any On the influence of geometry updating on modal correlation of brake components. B. França de Paulaa , G. Rejdycha degradation of the test/analysis correlation. An application to an industrial brake part is eventually

Boyer, Edmond

394

Correctness Proofs for Device Drivers in Embedded Systems Jianjun Duan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that may be thousands of lines; we intend to integrate our manual proofs about bottom-level routines. For example, an auto- motive brake-by-wire system might be required to begin brake drum actuation within 50 ms of receiving a brake pedal input. Let's look at a more detailed example: a hypothetical embedded system

Regehr, John

395

A Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication Protocol for Cooperative Collision Warning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

safer than B due to the following two reasons: ¤ Line-of-sight limitation of brake light: Typically by Vodafone-U.S. Foundation Graduate Fellowship. and £ , travel in the same lane. When ¡ suddenly brakes, a driver can only see the brake light from the vehicle di- rectly in front1 . Thus, very likely vehicle

Liu, Jie

396

ME 379M Race Car Engineering and Project Management ABET EC2000 syllabus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Engine Calibration (5 classes) 3. Modeling Straight Line Performance (3 classes) 4. Braking and Brake in class. Other Required Material: NA Course Objectives: The primary goal of ME 379M is to teach economy and emissions, transmission/differential, and vehicle performance modeling. 3) Brake systems

Ben-Yakar, Adela

397

Journal of Cleaner Production 13 (2005) 1931 www.elsevier.com/locate/jclepro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and products of service. Brake pads are true products of consumption, because they are released to biological be expec- ted to be increasingly used for cars. However, cars also contain some consumption parts polyethylene terephthalate (PET) [3]. Brake pads (syn- onym ``brake linings'') are polymer matrix composites

Short, Daniel

398

Concurrency Theory Lecture 22: Timed Modelling & Conclusions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systems Example 22.1 (Real-time reactive systems) brake systems and airbags in cars plant controls mobile.1 (Real-time reactive systems) brake systems and airbags in cars plant controls mobile phones ... Real-Time Reactive Systems Example 22.1 (Real-time reactive systems) brake systems and airbags in cars plant controls

Ábrahám, Erika

399

48669Federal Register / Vol. 65, No. 154 / Wednesday, August 9, 2000 / Proposed Rules Type of motor vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vehicle Service Brake Systems Emergency brake sys- tems: applica- tion and brak- ing distance in feet from initial speed of 20 mph Braking force as a percent- age of gross vehicle or combination weight mph B. Property-carrying vehicles: (1) Single unit vehicles having a manufacturer's GVWR of 10

400

Numerical Modeling of the Nucleation Conditions of Petal-Centerline...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

analysis revealed that outward directed traction boundary conditions on the borehole surface including weight on bit and excess drilling mud pressure suppress tensile stress...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternatives study ctas Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ratings... ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 7 A Simulation Study of TCP over the IEEE...

402

E-Print Network 3.0 - air taxi pilots Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 8 Airspace Management Decision Tool Validating...

403

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft spacing system Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the decision ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 3 TAl -1 1:00 SIMULATION OF TIME-CONTROL...

404

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft fuels final Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fuel consumption ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 9 TAl -1 1:00 SIMULATION OF TIME-CONTROL...

405

E-Print Network 3.0 - airspace utilization Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to airspace 10 ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 6 Maximum Flow Rates for Capacity Estimation in...

406

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft system identification Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of a method ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 2 Published at the 13th IFAC Symposium on...

407

"The Waters . . . Belong To The People": Populist Victory Over Big Business and Progressive Federal Policy in the Nevada Water Law of 1913  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

James Watt invented a steam engine with a separate condenseras the invention of the steam engine and a valid alternativebut practical, steam-powered traction engines, or tractors,

McFarlane, Richard Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Type B Accident Investigation Bechtel Jacobs Company LLC Subcontractor...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

equipment (PPE) consisted of work clothes, tyvek suit with booties and hood, steel-toed boots, disposable shoe scuffs with a traction bottom surface, full-face powered...

409

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft maintenance equipment Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

stream of aircraft Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 35 Disruption Management in the Airline Industry...

410

Sustainability and Transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

traction powered from renewable resources. References ASPO.to absorb them, uses renewable resources at or below theireration, and, uses non-renewable resources at or below the

Gilbert, Richard

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Force and shape coordination in amoeboid cell motility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

strain energy. Traction force components in wild-type cellswild-type cells To investigate the role that MyoII contractility plays in the strain energy

Alonso-Latorre, Baldomero

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

E-Print Network 3.0 - aasta parim multifilm Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Parimal can Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 9 Sensitive detection of ultra-weak adhesion...

413

E-Print Network 3.0 - aasta parim sjastrateegia Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Parimal can Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 7 Children's Literature Exemplary Illustration...

414

E-Print Network 3.0 - american manufacturing research Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Christopher Williams Summary: is gaining traction that may change the world. 3D PrintingAdditive Manufacturing (AM) is a revolutionary... emerging technology that could...

415

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft fuel conservation Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

overall ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 3 Ninth USAEurope Air Traffic Management Research and...

416

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2012 Advanced Power Electronics...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Research is focused on developing revolutionary new power electronics (PE), electric motor (EM), thermal management, and traction drive system technologies that will leapfrog...

417

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2013 Advanced Power Electronics...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Research is focused on developing revolutionary new power electronics (PE), electric motor, and traction drive system (TDS) technologies that will leapfrog current on-the-road...

418

CX-006974: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fully-Integrated Automotive Traction Inverter with Real-Time Switching Optimization CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09262011 Location(s): Colorado, Massachusetts,...

419

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerated flight part Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3(a) shows a ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 9 Flap-bounding flight consists of flapping phases...

420

E-Print Network 3.0 - active vortex generators Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

flow field of ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 7 A New Look at Stratospheric Sudden Warmings....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual international aircraft Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

departure scheduling functions provided by existing decision support tools (i.e. TMA scheduling, ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy...

422

This is a 1D model of an active magnetic regenerative refrigerator (AMRR) that was developed in MATLAB. The model uses cycle inputs such as the fluid mass flow and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the fluid-mechanical-magnetic processes associated with the cycle implementation. The interface between in MATLAB. The model uses cycle inputs such as the fluid mass flow and magnetic field profiles, fluid temperature profile of the fluid and regenerator. Using the temperature profiles, the cooling load produced

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

423

Identification of pluripotent stem cells and characterization of glia in the planarian Schmidtea mediterranea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Given their regenerative capacity, the planarian Schmidtea mediterranea has emerged as a model system for the study of stem cell biology, tissue specification, and axis formation. Many aspects of the regenerative machinery ...

Wang, Irving E

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Durability of NOx Absorbers  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exhaust Flow Through Catalyst During Regen From Engine NOx Absorber Oxidation Catalyst Reactor 1 in Sorption Mode Reactor 2 in Regen Mode Open Valve Closed Valve Diesel Fuel In...

425

Modulating cell behavior with engineered HER-receptor ligands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The primary motivation for this work is the manipulation of EGFR family signaling to influence regenerative responses of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). Underlying the potential of regenerative medicine is the need to ...

Alvarez, Luis M. (Luis Manuel)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Thermal and hydraulic effects of coke deposit in hydrocarbon pyrolysis process.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are of interest, notably in case of regenerative methods to be applied on the SCRamjet engine [1],[2]. Some

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

427

BIOENGINEERING, FOOD, AND NATURAL PRODUCTS Gas Permeance Measurement of Hollow Fiber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. of Bioengineering Brack G. Hattler McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Dept. of Surgery William J in Gas-Liquid Environment Laura W. Lund McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Dept. Federspiel McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Dept. of Surgery

Federspiel, William J.

428

Adil BENAARBIA 1,2,* , Andr CHRYSOCHOOS 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, CNRS, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier, France 2 Solvay Engineering Plastics, Centre de été sollicitées cycliquement (traction-traction cyclique). Les échantillons ont été fournis par Solvay

Boyer, Edmond

429

brief communications nature methods | VOL.11 NO.12 | DECEMBER2014 | 1229  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

these limitations, we engineered a new class of molecular TPs that spatiotemporally report traction forces to a substrate through TPs, TP fluorescence enables the reversible, optical measurement of cell traction forces with otherwise similar sequences16 (Fig. 1b). Single TPs were attached to DNA handles and held in a `dumbbell

Cai, Long

430

Impurity-induced van der Waals transition during decohesion A. Van der Ven and G. Ceder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge- acterizing the crack region is embedded in a solid described by continuum plasticity.3,4 The traction curve is on the details of modification of the traction curve by mobile impurities. It has long been known that impurities

Ceder, Gerbrand

431

Tribological behavior of some candidate advanced space lubricants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Performance of a variety of space lubricants was compared under boundary and elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL). The types of fluids studied were naphthenic mineral oil, paraffinic mineral oil, polyalphaolefin, and silahydrocarbon. The silahydrocarbon and the polyalphaolefin lubricants exhibited lower traction under similar conditions. A specific additive package increased the traction of the polyalphaolefin. Volatility characteristics of some of these fluids were also studied. 10 refs.

Sharma, S.K.; Snyder, C.E. Jr.; Gschwender, L.J. (USAF, Wright Lab., Wright-Patterson AFB, OH (United States))

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators Substantial increases in brake power and considerably lower peak...

433

DOE/LX/07-0092&D1 Secondary Document  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

formerly stored included capacitors, light ballasts, and liquid-filled potential transformers, brake shoes, speed increaser, recorders, portable handrails, carts, a metal...

434

air coupled ultrasonic: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ultrasonic testing (ACUT) setup for the inspection of commercial carbon-carbon composite aircraft brake disks was developed in Intelligent Measurement and Evaluation...

435

OVERVIEW ______ Sensors for Intelligent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are extensively applied in automobiles to control pollution, enhance fuel economy, implement anti-lock braking. For the interim, electromagnetic acoustic transducers (EMATs) show great promise as u

Wadley, Haydn

436

Energy Department Announces $4 Million Solicitation for Solid...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

fluorescent lamps. SSL sources are already replacing conventional technologies in automobile brake lights, traffic signals, exit signs and flashlights. The solid-state lighting...

437

Secretary Chu's Remarks at the California Institute of Technology...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

computer tools with embedded energy analysis. It was the system integration of the automobile engine, transmission, brakes and battery that enabled Toyota to create the Prius....

438

E-Print Network 3.0 - annular flow conditions Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology ; Geosciences 88 225Noise Control Eng. J. 52 (5), 2004 SeptOct Determination of sound radiation from a simplified disk-brake...

439

applied modal analysis: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

instability. Introduction Disc brake noise continues to be object of investigation for automotive-mail: francesco.massi@uniroma1.it Abstract In this paper, an experimental...

440

E-Print Network 3.0 - antioxidant response element-mediated Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

brake fern (Pteris vittata L.) upon... adaptive biochemical responses such as production of antioxidant ... Source: Ma, Lena - Soil and Water Science Department, University...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Defining engine efficiency limits  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

waste energy in the exhaust where it may be recovered through a bottoming cycle, turbo-compounding, thermo-electrics, etc Brake Work Combustion Irreversibility Q o Remaining...

442

Climate and Transportation Solutions: Findings from the 2009 Asilomar Conference on Transportation and Energy Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hybrid motor using braking energy or by a waste heat recovery system,source of energy. Long-haul hybrid systems can be effective

Sperling, Daniel; Cannon, James S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft carriers proposed Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: for deceleration during landing, it is proposed that aircraft can use wheel brakes only for stopping. It is also... proposed that using an aircraft tow for...

444

UVM Outing Club Winter Group Equipment List  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: _____ have gas tank full _____ add dry gas in extreme cold weather _____ disconnect battery NOTES: #12; _____ chains/cables _____ oil _____ extra antifreeze _____ brake and transmission fluids _____ scraper

Hayden, Nancy J.

445

Radiation Safety  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Weeks of training * 15 of that is OJT * General Code of Operating Rules * Air Brake & Train Handling * System Special Instructions * Safety Instructions * Federal Regulations *...

446

Vegetative regeneration in selected south Texas shrubs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Study Site. Regenerative Structure Description. Sprouting Potential of Roots. Motte Regeneration. Regrowth Comparison. Shrub Stem Classification. . 13 . . . 14 16 17 17 18 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION. Regenerative Morphology Desert Yaupon Lime... varying regenerative responses of south Texas shrubs following burning. Lime pricklyash (~n~xlum tacaara (L. ) Sarg. ) suffered the least mortality (4%) while the highest mortality (40%) occurred with lotebush. Lime pricklyash sprouted vigorous- ly...

Flinn, Robert C.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Design of life-size haptic environments Yoky Matsuoka  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, or software failure, a brake-actuated device is inherently incapable of exceeding the kinetic energy of motion while still allowing us to simulate virtual objects (i.e. to constrain the user's motion inside comparisons to active devices. Theo- retically, we demonstrate that brake-actuated devices surprisingly

Matsuoka, Yoky

448

06/21/2007 02:33 PMA Warning System As Your Co-Pilot -WSJ.com Page 1 of 2http://online.wsj.com/public/article_print/SB118237615627242545.html  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

quickly, the car automatically slows to a safe-braking distance. Upside: If the car complains when you that gauge and maintain safe-braking distances may keep bumper riders -- and fender benders -- in check of this material are governed by our Subscriber A

Shashua, Amnon

449

Automated Validation of Software Models Steve Sims Rance Cleaveland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulink R and six Stateflow R diagrams and has an implementation consisting of approximately 1000 lines to formulate and check application spe- cific properties such as Will a car's anti-lock brakes ever engage when the brake pedal is not pressed? Addition- ally, Salsa can serve as the engine for consistency check- ing [TR

Cleaveland, Rance

450

WABCO Automotive UK Ltd is part of American Standard Companies Inc. As  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

automotive products companies, it supplies braking and other control systems to the commercial vehicle TAKING THE OIL OUT OF PUTTING THE BRAKES ON KTP BENEFITS Knowledge Transfer Partnerships are designed material based on the pressure swing adsorption technique. They also have increased knowledge of how oil

Berzins, M.

451

Dear Editor: It appears to me that the basic premise of Nancy Mead's article "Who is liable for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

." The second scenario is the following. "A is driving his car, a model X, when, suddenly, the brakes fail. In the second case, they can sue the manufacturer Y for the brake failure, while in the first case they must, my bank is selling my personal information without my permission, on-line merchants are collecting

Santini, Simone

452

Exemplar of Automotive Architecture with Variability Kacper Bak, Marko Novakovic, Leonardo Passos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are assembled from physical components, such as engine, brakes, or lights. Modern cars, however, are software of such a system. It controls engine and brakes so that the car automatically maintains selected speed and keeps manufacturers have been using Software Product Lines (SPLs) to deliver car-specific software from a shared code

Czarnecki, Krzysztof

453

Charles P. Shelton Philip Koopman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of components per subsystemN k Proof of Concept: Scalable Specification of an example Brake- By-Wire system + + + + + Real-world electromechanical anti-lock braking system transformed to hypothetical embedded network a race course Combine line following sensor system with location tracking and navigation algorithms Run

Koopman, Philip

454

Seminar: Entwicklung eingebetteter Systeme Margot Bittner, Mark-Oliver Reiser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interactions ·Product lines and multi-tier organizations ·Mechanical engineering processes and organizations >100k Testfälle >100k Anforderungsobjekte Engine Mgmnt. System ETAS Brake Actuator Siemens Torqu e Mode_speed vehicle_speed engine _ torque rain_intensity accelerator_pedal_request brake_torque brak e_

Wichmann, Felix

455

Charles P. Shelton Philip Koopman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of components per subsystemN k Proof of Concept: Scalable Specification of an example Brake- By-Wire system + + + + + Real-world electromechanical anti-lock braking system transformed to hypothetical embedded network Systems GM Autonomous Robot Navigation: + + Combine line following sensor system with location tracking

Koopman, Philip

456

Norges teknisk naturvitenskapelige universitet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the last page in the problem set shows observed lifetimes for brake pads for a random sample of 40 cars = mixed driving The 40 observations, each represented by a line in the table, are assumed of independent censoring for the brake pad data of this problem set. Can one in this situation also suspect

Langseth, Helge

457

A Methodology for the Development of Novel VANET Safety Applications1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.edu, {boxu,wolfson}@cs.uic.edu Jie Lin Department of Civil and Materials Engineering University of Illinois. Examples of such applications include the emergency electronic brake light or the highway merge warning the Electronic Emergency Brake Lights (EEBL), the Highway Merge Warning (HMW), and the Control Loss Warning (CLW

Wolfson, Ouri E.

458

Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering Spring 2011 KYDEX LLC, 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

process. Capping is applied to the KYDEX material to provide protection and/or add decorative patterns. Currently, the tension is controlled by manually adjusting the air brake on the feed roller. The brake must accurately measure the tension on the capping material. The system should be able to automatically adjust

Demirel, Melik C.

459

Complex Embedded Automotive Control Systems DaimlerChrysler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

progressed along several lines of inquiry, it appears to be the case that almost no effort has been devoted equipped with active systems (4-wheel- steering, active suspension, active brakes, etc.) may, in principle and rear steer-by-wire, brake-by-wire and active suspensions. An integrated chassis controller would com

Duffy, Ken

460

Comprehensive Experimental Analyses of Automotive Attack Surfaces Stephen Checkoway, Damon McCoy, Brian Kantor,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-computerized attacks as well (e.g., cutting the brake lines). This situation suggests a significant gap in knowledge distributed com- puter systems comprising millions of lines of code execut- ing on tens of heterogeneous network can circumvent all computer control systems, including safety critical elements such as the brakes

Hu, Fei

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 7, NO. 2, MARCH 1999 271 Sliding Mode Measurement Feedback Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurement Feedback Control for Antilock Braking Systems Cem ¨Unsal, Member, IEEE, and Pushkin Kachroo, R. Takahashi. This material is based upon work supported by VDOT and Virginia Tech's Center of vehicle motion and stability by providing anti-skid braking and anti- spin acceleration. The design

Kachroo, Pushkin

462

http://www.cs.ucsb.edu/~sherwood/RCsec/ CyberTrust PI Meeting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Blurring the line between software and hardware, reconfigurable hardware offers the raw high speed such as flight control and anti-lock braking, an adversary or rogue nation could potentially craft a soft core functions have different levels of trust (for example the anti-lock brakes and the MP3 player in your car

463

10/06/09 10:24 AMUntitled Page 1 of 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as a single driver tapping lightly on the brakes inadvertently starting a chain reaction of over-braking by drivers in the following vehicles. Eventually a long line of traffic comes to a complete stop. On major materials provided by University of Alberta, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS. Need to cite this story

Flynn, Morris R.

464

November 18, 2009 22:50 Vehicle System Dynamics VSD09 Vehicle System Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

November 18, 2009 22:50 Vehicle System Dynamics VSD09 Vehicle System Dynamics Vol. 00, No. 00), involving the steering and braking actuators. This VDSC aims at improving automotive vehicle yaw stability the rear wheels) and use the steering actuator only if it is necessary (e.g. if the braking system

Boyer, Edmond

465

Adaptation of hybrid five-phase ABS algorithms for experimental validation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-lock braking, Hybrid control systems, Limit cycle analysis, Experimental validation, Quarter-car. 1Adaptation of hybrid five-phase ABS algorithms for experimental validation Mathieu Gerard WilliamAnti-lock Braking System (ABS) is the most important active safety system for passenger cars, but unfortunately

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

466

IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and light emitting diode brake- light messaging. These technologies all focus on improving the signal- ance, sensor, radar, fluorescence, light emitting diode. I. INTRODUCTION As a compromise between · Radar reflection-enhanced license plates · Vehicle-to-vehicle light emitting diode (LED) brake- light

Gillespie, Brent

467

IEEE/ASME TRANSACTIONS ON MECHATRONICS, VOL. 13, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2008 1 Development of a Scaled Vehicle With Longitudinal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

displacement of the flywheel (rad). i Angular displacement of the turbine (rad). t Angular displacement material (kg/m3 ). brake Brake torque (N·m). B Damping coefficient of transmission (kg/s). Rdcm DC motor motor (N·m). e Torque produced by the engine (N·m). It Transmission inertia (kg·m2 ). t Turbine torque

Del Vecchio, Domitilla

468

Technology Benchmarking  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

* Synergy drive system - Power split capabilities - motor, gen, regen, etc. - Motor, generator, and planetary, drive, differential gears housed in transaxle - Continuously...

469

Expression of MsLEC1 transgenes in alfalfa plants causes symbiotic abnormalities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in meristematic cells of alfalfa. Protoplasma Barre, A. ,somatic embryogenesis in alfalfa. Plant Physiol. 98:621-625.T. 1991. Registration of alfalfa hybrid Regen SY germplasm

Brill, Laurence M; Fujishige, Nancy A; Hackworth, Cheryl A; Hirsch, Ann M

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Natural Refrigerant High-Performance Heat Pump for Commercial...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

(DE-FOA-0000823) Project Objective This project aims to develop a regenerative air source heat pump for commercial and industrial heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC)...

471

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced rankine cycle Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

two-tank molten... C. Figure 6. Temperature-entropy diagram for a reheat-regenerative subcritical ... Source: Australian National University, Department of Engineering, Solar...

472

CX-001922: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

22: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-001922: Categorical Exclusion Determination Biogas to Regenerative Thermal Oxidizer CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 Date: 03312010...

473

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Low-Cost...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced Low-Cost SiC and GaN Wide Bandgap Inverters for Under-the-Hood Electric Vehicle Traction Drives Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Low-Cost SiC and...

474

Conceptual Phase Structural Design Tool for Microsatellites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gaining traction or momentum in the conceptual design phase for a complex system can be an arduous and daunting process, whether the complex system being designed is a satellite, airplane, car, or one of countless other ...

McLinko, Ryan (Ryan M.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

System for controlling a hybrid energy system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method includes identifying a first operating sequence of a repeated operation of at least one non-traction load. The method also includes determining first and second parameters respectively indicative of a requested energy and output energy of the at least one non-traction load and comparing the determined first and second parameters at a plurality of time increments of the first operating sequence. The method also includes determining a third parameter of the hybrid energy system indicative of energy regenerated from the at least one non-traction load and monitoring the third parameter at the plurality of time increments of the first operating sequence. The method also includes determining at least one of an energy deficiency or an energy surplus associated with the non-traction load of the hybrid energy system and selectively adjusting energy stored within the storage device during at least a portion of a second operating sequence.

Hoff, Brian D.; Akasam, Sivaprasad

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

476

APIC'95, El Paso, Extended Abstracts, A Supplement to the international journal of Reliable Computing 1 Aerodynamic Aids to Vehicle Stability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computing 1 Aerodynamic Aids to Vehicle Stability R. Bell Abstract--- Modern race cars utilize vari­ ous aerodynamic devices to increase stability, and traction. There is a considerable body of information available

Kreinovich, Vladik

477

Tactical urbanism, public policy reform, and 'innovation spotting' by government : from Park(ing) Day to San Francisco's parklet program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines the prospects and impacts of tactical urbanism (TU). While tactical urbanism remains primarily a subcultural movement, it is beginning to gain traction in popular culture in traditionally politically ...

Davidson, Mariko Mura

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Finite element analysis of conjugate heat transfer in axisymmetric pipe flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temperature Page 43 se NOMENCLATURE specific heat of fluid at constant pressure variational operator test function dimensionless pipe thickness (t/R) non ? dimensional axial coordinate surface traction matrix Ky M?. nr Pe Sue!i wall...

Fithen, Robert Miller

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

E-Print Network 3.0 - abdominal wound metastasis Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Title: Development of a 4D traction force microscope for measuring mechanical Advisers: Mingming Wu (mw272@cornell.edu) and Cindy Reinhart-King (cak57@cornell.edu), Summary: in...

480

Mechatronics in Fuel Cell Systems Anna G. Stefanopoulou  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Michigan, Ann Arbor Abstract: Power generation from Fuel Cells (FC) requires the integration of chemical are considered for transportation (automotive, marine and aerospace) applications and distributed power, cooling) controllers, and the electric traction motor controller. Guidelines for the hierarchy

Stefanopoulou, Anna

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "regenerative braking traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Investigation of injection-induced seismicity using a coupled fluid ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Matrix of sliding to shear traction interaction coefficients f0. Nominal .... freeware Matlab code XSteam 2.6 by Magnus Holmgren (2007). A microseismic ...... with formulas, graphs, and mathematical tables: U. S. Government Print- ing Office.

2012-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

482

Electrical characterization and modelling of round spiral supercapacitors for high power applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrical characterization and modelling of round spiral supercapacitors for high power of supercapacitors under railway and electrical traction constraints. Electrical model parameters according techniques and instrumentations. Nowadays several electrical characterization methods exist. We have chosen

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

483

Biomech Model Mechanobiol (2014) 13:99113 DOI 10.1007/s10237-013-0488-x  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

modellingapproachandtreattheleftventricularmyocardium as a non-homogeneous, fibre-reinforced, incompressible material. Because in vivo images provide to any axial load or to any traction on its inner and outer surfaces, it is not unstressed; rather

Luo, Xiaoyu

484

Efficient solution of multiple cracks in great number using eigen COD boundary integral equations with iteration procedure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as the fibre-reinforced brittle materials after certain extent of tensile damage. The prediction of crack in an infinite domain under fictitious traction acting on the crack surface. With the concept of eigen COD

Liu, Yijun

485

Markets versus Regulation: The Efficiency and Distributional Impacts of U.S. Climate Policy Proposals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regulatory measures have proven the favored approach to climate change mitigation in the U.S., while market-based policies have gained little traction. Using a model that resolves the U.S. economy by region, income category, ...

Rausch, S.

486

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering seminar Three Dimensional Traction Force Microscopy with Applications in Cell Mechanics abstract The interactions between biochemical and mechanical signals during-dimensional measurement techniques are needed to investigate the effect of mechanical properties of the substrate

487

Simulations of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Using Advanced Lithium Batteries and Ultracapacitors on Various Driving Cycles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Storage System Technology Facing Strong Hybrids,Energy Storage System Design and Its Motor Drive Integration for HybridSystems Gaining Traction, Proceedings of the 19 th International Seminar on Double-layer Capacitors and Hybrid Energy

Burke, Andy; Zhao, Hengbing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

E-Print Network 3.0 - amiba hexapod telescope Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

off-the-shelf ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 25 Towards 1st light of the 6.5m MMT adaptive...

489

NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

VT,WI, CO Fully-Integrated Automotive Traction Inverter with Real-Time Switching Optimization (SUMMARY CX) The objective of this project is to conduct power inverter research,...

490

Catalyst immobilization techniques for continuous flow synthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Catalytic processes are ubiquitous in both research and industrial settings. As continuous flow processes continue to gain traction in research labs and fine and pharmaceutical chemical processes, new opportunities exist ...

Nagy, Kevin David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Advanced Technology Vehicle Lab Benchmarking - Level 2 (in-depth...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Gasoline Engine - 1.8 liters Atkinson cycle engine, 98 hp@5200 Electric Motors - Permanent magnet AC synchronous motors - Traction motor: 60 kW, 207 Nm - Generator: 41 kW, 40...

492

Improvements on carbon nanotube structures in high-energy density ultracapacitor electrode design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultracapacitors are a class of electrochemical energy storage device that is gaining significant industrial traction due to their high charging rate and cycle life compared to rechargeable batteries; however, they store ...

Jenicek, David P. (David Pierre)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Simplified Sensorless Control for BLDC Motor, Using DSP Technology Juan W. Dixon, Matas Rodrguez and Rodrigo Huerta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

machines for traction applications are the most popular: i) the Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSMW range). Besides, the power-to-weight ratio of PMSM and BLDC motor is higher than equivalent squirrel

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

494

Monica Y. Garcia Department of Bioengineering,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monica Y. Garcia Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA Brack G. Hattler McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA William J. Federspiel McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Department of Chemical

Federspiel, William J.

495

Artificial Organs 30(9):657664, Blackwell Publishing, Inc.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

correspondence and reprint requests to Dr.William R. Wagner, McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, 100 J. Frankowski, §Brack G. Hattler, *§William J. Federspiel, and *§William R. Wagner *Bioengineering Department, University of Pittsburgh; McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, University of Pittsburgh

Federspiel, William J.

496

Physical sectioning in 3D biological microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

...................................................................... 61 G Stepan’s models of regenerative chatter in metal cutting........................... 62 H Chatter model for KESM............................................................................ 64 ix CHAPTER Page I Summary... based on the source of vibration: frictional, regenerative, mode-coupling, and thermo-mechanical [7]. Frictional chatter gets its excitation energy from the friction force either between the workpiece and the tool 15 flank, or between the section...

Guntupalli, Jyothi Swaroop

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

497

Cell Stem Cell Highly Efficient Reprogramming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alexander Meissner,4,5,14 George Q. Daley,2,3,4,5,8,15,16 Andrew S. Brack,5,6 James J. Collins,11,12,15 Chad Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, USA 4Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology 5Harvard Stem Cell Institute Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA 6Center of Regenerative Medicine

Collins, James J.

498

Physical sectioning in 3D biological microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

...................................................................... 61 G Stepan?s models of regenerative chatter in metal cutting........................... 62 H Chatter model for KESM............................................................................ 64 ix CHAPTER Page I Summary... based on the source of vibration: frictional, regenerative, mode-coupling, and thermo-mechanical [7]. Frictional chatter gets its excitation energy from the friction force either between the workpiece and the tool 15 flank, or between the section...

Guntupalli, Jyothi Swaroop

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

499

Inventory processes: Quasiregenerative property,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inventory processes: Quasi­regenerative property, performance evaluation and sensitivity estimation­commodity, discrete­time, multiperiod (s; S)­ policy inventory model with backlog. The cost function may contain that the resulting inventory process is quasi­regenerative, i.e. admits a cycle decomposition and indicate how

Rubinstein, Reuven

500

Tumor Engineering: The Other Face of Tissue Engineering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advances in tissue engineering have been accomplished for years by employing biomimetic strategies to provide cells with aspects of their original microenvironment necessary to reconstitute a unit of both form and function for a given tissue.We believe that the most critical hallmark of cancer is loss of integration of architecture and function; thus, it stands to reason that similar strategies could be employed to understand tumor biology. In this commentary, we discuss work contributed by Fischbach-Teschl and colleagues to this special issue of Tissue Engineering in the context of 'tumor engineering', that is, the construction of complex cell culture models that recapitulate aspects of the in vivo tumor microenvironment to study the dynamics of tumor development, progression, and therapy on multiple scales. We provide examples of fundamental questions that could be answered by developing such models, and encourage the continued collaboration between physical scientists and life scientists not only for regenerative purposes, but also to unravel the complexity that is the tumor microenvironment. In 1993, Vacanti and Langer cast a spotlight on the growing gap between patients in need of organ transplants and the amount of available donor organs; they reaffirmed that tissue engineering could eventually address this problem by 'applying principles of engineering and the life sciences toward the development of biological substitutes. Mortality figures and direct health care costs for cancer patients rival those of patients who experience organ failure. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States (Source: American Cancer Society) and it is estimated that direct medical costs for cancer patients approach $100B yearly in the United States alone (Source: National Cancer Institute). In addition, any promising therapy that emerges from the laboratory costs roughly $1.7B to take from bench to bedside. Whereas we have indeed waged war on cancer, the training grounds have largely consisted of small rodents, despite marked differences between human and mouse physiology, or plastic dishes, even though just like our tissues and organs most tumors exist within three-dimensional proteinacious milieus. One could argue that this is comparable to training for a desert war in the arctic. In this special issue of tissue engineering, Fischbach-Teschl and colleagues build a strong case for engineering complex cultures analogous to normal organs to tractably model aspects of the human tumor microenvironment that simply cannot be reproduced with traditional two-dimensional cell culture techniques and that cannot be studied in a controlled fashion in vivo. This idea has gained considerable traction of late as concepts presented and convincingly shown years ago have only now begun to be appreciated. Perhaps, then, it is time to organize those who wish to build complex tumor models to study cancer biology under a common umbrella. Accordingly, we propose that tumor engineering be defined as the construction of complex culture models that recapitulate aspects of the in vivo tumor microenvironment to study the dynamics of tumor development, progression, and therapy on multiple scales. Inherent in this definition is the collaboration that must occur between physical and life scientists to guide the design of patterning techniques, materials, and imaging modalities for the study of cancer from the subcellular to tissue level in physiologically relevant contexts. To date, the most successful tissue engineering approaches have employed methods that recapitulate the composition, architecture, and/or chemical presentation of native tissue. For instance, induction of blood vessel growth for therapeutic purposes has been achieved with sequential release of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet derived growth factor to induce and stabilize blood vessels. This approach imitates that which occurs during physiological angiogenesis as a result of heterotypic interactions between endothelium and stroma. Employing such biomimetic

Ghajar, Cyrus M; Bissell, Mina J

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z