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1

Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect (Smart  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect Country Denmark Headquarters Location Sønderborg, Denmark Coordinates 54.913811°, 9.792178° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":54.913811,"lon":9.792178,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

2

Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect (Smart  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

effect (Smart effect (Smart Grid Project) (Thisted, Denmark) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect Country Denmark Headquarters Location Thisted, Denmark Coordinates 56.959167°, 8.703492° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56.959167,"lon":8.703492,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

3

CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combined Heat & Power Deployment CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) DOE's CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships...

4

Recent Publications in CHP | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Combined Heat & Power Deployment Recent Publications in CHP Recent Publications in CHP Learn more about DOE's Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Program and CHP's potential benefits...

5

The Market for CHP in Florida, August 2008  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation overview of CHP benefits, existing CHP installations, CHP potential, and emerging trends

6

2006-2007 CHP Action Plan, Positioning CHP Value: Solutions for...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2006-2007 CHP Action Plan, Positioning CHP Value: Solutions for National, Regional and Local Energy Issues, September 2006 2006-2007 CHP Action Plan, Positioning CHP Value:...

7

3rd Annual National CHP Roadmap Workshop CHP and DER for Federal Facilities EPA CHP Partnership Meeting, October 2002  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Announcement letter for 3rd Annual National CHP Roadmap Workshop, A Combined Event for Federal Facility Managers and CHP Advocates

8

Krikohyoidopexie (CHP) und Krikohyoidoepiglottopexie (CHEP)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background....Subtotal laryngectomy with Cricohyoido(epiglotto)pexy (CHEP and CHP) is a commonly used surgical procedure in...

U. Schrder; M. Jungehlsing; J.P. Klumann; H. E. Eckel

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

HUD CHP GUIDE #1 - Questions and Answers ON CHP FOR MULTIFAMILIY...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 - FEASIBILITY SCREENING FOR CHP IN MULTIFAMILY HOUSING, May 2009 Promoting Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for Multifamily Properties, 2008 HUD Combined Heat and Power (CHP)...

10

5th Annual CHP Roadmap Workshop Breakout Group Results, September...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Heat and Power (CHP) Workshop from the following breakout groups: CHP Technologies, CHP Markets, Utility and Regulatory Issues, and CHP Education and Outreach 2004austin.pdf...

11

CHP Project Development Handbook (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency CHP Partnership)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Handbook that provides information to potential CHP developers, including CHP project development overview, qualifications, procurement, and operations and maintenance

12

Drilling continues upward momentum  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses how the drilling recovery that began during the second half of 1989 is continuing into 1990. On top of this, the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait has caused disarray in oil markets, driving up oil prices, and disrupting access to oil supplies. Potentially, this upheaval could lead to an upward spike in worldwide drilling activity.

Moritis, G.

1990-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

13

HUD CHP GUIDE #2 - FEASIBILITY SCREENING FOR CHP IN MULTIFAMILY...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

(HUD's) 2002 Energy Action Plan includes an initiative to promote the use of combined heat and power (CHP) in multifamily housing. This 2009 guide "Feasibility Screening for...

14

Transforming the Monopoly - CHP in Germany  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development and application of CHP in Germany has been much more successful ... built up, with some first applications of CHP at the end of the last century. Overall the history of CHP in Germany can be split...

Karl Matthias Weber

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

CHP R&D Project Descriptions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The CHP R&D project portfolio includes advanced reciprocating engine systems (ARES), packaged CHP systems, high-value applications, fuel-flexible CHP, and demonstrations of these technologies. Project fact sheets and short project descriptions are provided below:

16

Optimal Sizing for Residential CHP System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Residential CHP systems have been introduced around Japan recently, ... the process of boosting the adoption of residential CHP systems, both manufacturers and customers are interested...

Hongbo Ren; Weijun Gao; Yingjun Ruan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

CHP-MAGE-A4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 62-year-old man with a history of pulmonary metastasis and resected colon cancer received four SC injections of 1mg CHP-MAGE-A4 vaccine combined with OK432 and ... followed by six doses of 10mg dose-escalated CHP

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

CHP Assessment, California Energy Commission, October 2009  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report analyzes the potential market penetration of combined heat and power (CHP) systems in California.

19

Combined heat & Power (CHP), Federal Utility Partnership Working...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Award CHP Case Study CHP Case Study - National Institutes of Health (NIH) DC Water BioGas CHP * World's Largest Advanced Wastewater Treatment Facility (AWTP) * Serves 2 Million...

20

The Integration of Micro-CHP and Biofuels for Decentralized CHP Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Renewable micro-CHP systems are a combination of micro-CHP technology and renewable energy technology, such as ... The integration of renewable energy sources with micro-CHP allows for the development of sustaina...

Aggelos Doukelis; Emmanouil Kakaras

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Commercial Combustion and CHP Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wood heat for individual homes (i.e., wood stoves and pellet stoves) is widely recognized and understood in the Northeast USA. Commercial-scale wood heat and CHP (combined heat and power), however, ... the region...

Daniel Ciolkosz; Jim Babcock

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

CHP RAC Handout_71614.cdr  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combined heat and power (CHP) is an efficient and clean approach to generating on-site electric power and useful thermal energy from a single fuel source. Instead of purchasing...

23

CHP - New Technologies that Work  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% Efficient Capstone MicroTurbine Heat Recovery Generator 80-90% Efficient ECO-Friendly Combined Heat & Power (CHP) Chilled water for efficient air conditioning and/or refrigeration Utilizing ?free fuel? Capstone MicroTurbine Waste Heat Chiller... spaces and industrial processes ? Water and space heat ? Cooling and refrigeration ? Steam production ?Dehumidification DE Packaged System at Site CHP: It?s time for Reliability Combined Heat & Power provides significantly greater reliability...

Herweck, R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

CHP, Waste Heat & District Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CHP Technologies and Applications CHP Technologies and Applications 25 Oct 11 Today's Electric Grid What is CHP * ASHRAE Handbook: "Combined heat and power (CHP). Simultaneous production of electrical or mechanical energy and useful thermal energy from a single energy stream." * CHP is not a single technology but a suite of technologies that can use a variety of fuels to generate electricity or power at the point of use. * CHP technology can be deployed quickly, cost-effectively, and with few geographic limitations. 11/1/2011 Slide 6 5/20/11 Slide 7 What is CHP? * On-site generation of Power and Thermal Energy from a single fuel source * 'Conventional' grid based generators are located remote from thermal applications while CHP plants are located close to thermal applications

25

Investment in Combined Heat and Power: CHP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the advantages of investing in plants for cogeneration, i.e., Combined Heat and Power (CHP), in case the heat is utilized ... in order to analyze the dimensioning of a CHP plant. Two main ...

Gran Bergendahl

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Performance Assessment Report Domain CHP System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance Assessment Report for the Domain CHP System November 2005 By Burns & McDonnell Engineering #12;Domain CHP System Performance Assessment Report for the Packaged Cooling, Heating and Power

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

27

Review of CHP Technologies, October 1999  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report describes the leading CHP technologies, their efficiency, size, cost to install and maintain, fuels and emission characteristics.

28

Federal CHP Potential 1 Does your facility have CHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The Federal building types with greatest CHP potential are hospitals, industrial, and R&D facilities. Figure 1) systems provide thermal energy for buildings or processes while at the same time generating electricity extraordinary efficiency and environmental benefits. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Federal Energy

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

29

CHP Emissions Reduction Estimator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CHP Emissions Reduction Estimator CHP Emissions Reduction Estimator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: CHP Emissions Reduction Estimator Agency/Company /Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings, Transportation, Industry Topics: GHG inventory, Co-benefits assessment Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.epa.gov/chp/basic/calculator.html Country: United States UN Region: Northern America CHP Emissions Reduction Estimator Screenshot References: http://www.epa.gov/chp/basic/calculator.html "This Emissions Estimator provides the amount of reduced emissions in terms of pounds of CO2, SO2, and NOX based on input from the User regarding the CHP technology being used. In turn the User will be provided with

30

CHP -- A revolution in the making  

SciTech Connect

Liberalization, globalization, and particularly climate change are changing energy thinking. In the future, climate change will be tackled by improved energy efficiency and carbon neutral sources of energy, but much more could be done today by the more widespread use of CHP. CHP has made reasonably good progress in the UK and Europe, due to energy industry liberalization and the widespread availability of gas. But the pursuit of sustainability objectives requires government intervention into liberalized markets. While the current UK Government is a strong supporter of CHP, major opportunities to develop CHP were missed in favor of less efficient CCGT power stations over the last decade. The two critical policy issues in the UK now are the proposed tax on the business use of energy and the current reform of electricity trading arrangements. Both could impact favorably on the development of CHP. The UK CHP Association, COGEN Europe and the International Cogeneration Alliance continue to press the case for CHP.

Green, D.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) essentials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

'CHP essentials' introduces the concept of power and heat 'production possibility sets', starting at the cradle of CHP, i.e., the thermal power generation plant. The latter always occasions 'fatal' heat that is either recovered (the 'merit' of CHP) or wasted (condensing). This split paves the way to defining the production possibility sets of CHP plants, shown for steam turbines, internal combustion engines and gas turbines as main CHP technologies. Three indicators are widely used to monitor CHP performance: the overall conversion efficiency (quantity indicator), the (mostly ill-defined) power to heat ratio (quality indicator), the 'quality norm' advertised by the EU Directive 2004/8/EC. The paper levels the field for discussing the crucial issue of identifying and quantifying CHP activity.

Aviel Verbruggen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

CHP NOTEBOOK Table of Contents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Specific Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) Section 8 Employee Training Section 9 Inspections and Exposure1 CHP NOTEBOOK Table of Contents Section 1 Safety Program Key Personnel Section 2 Laboratory Protective Equipment (PPE) Assessment Section 18 Hazard Assessment Information and PPE Selection Information

Braun, Paul

33

Breakout Session Summary Reports National CHP Workshop- One Year Later, Baltimore, October 2001  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Developing CHP Markets and Technologies , Eliminating Regulatory and Institute Barriers, Raising CHP Awareness

34

HUD CHP GUIDE #1- Questions and Answers ON CHP FOR MULTIFAMILIY HOUSING, September 2005  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This guide explains the basics of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for apartment building owners and managers

35

CHP: Enabling Resilient Energy Infrastructure - Presentations...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Presentations from April 2013 Webinar Recognizing the benefits of combined heat and power (CHP) and its current underutilization as an energy resource in the United...

36

New CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships Launched | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

has supported a set of regional centers to help organizations understand how combined heat and power (CHP) can improve their bottom lines and lower energy bills. Today, the...

37

CHP Deployment Program: AMO Technical Assistance Overview  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information. 2 Combined Heat a Power (CHP): History * First developed by Thomas Edison in 1880s and is one of the...

38

CHP Research and Development - Presentation by Oak Ridge National...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CHP Research and Development - Presentation by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, June 2011 CHP Research and Development - Presentation by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, June 2011...

39

2005 CHP Action Agenda: Innovating, Advocating, and Delivering...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 CHP Action Agenda: Innovating, Advocating, and Delivering Solutions, October 2005 2005 CHP Action Agenda: Innovating, Advocating, and Delivering Solutions, October 2005 More than...

40

Low-Cost Packaged CHP System with Reduced Emissions - Presentation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Low-Cost Packaged CHP System with Reduced Emissions - Presentation by Cummins Power Generation, June 2011 Low-Cost Packaged CHP System with Reduced Emissions - Presentation by...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

CHP in the Midwest - Presentation from the July 2010 Advancing...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

CHP in the Midwest - Presentation from the July 2010 Advancing Renewables in the Midwest Conference CHP in the Midwest - Presentation from the July 2010 Advancing Renewables in the...

42

CHP Education and Outreach Guide to State and Federal Government...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CHP Education and Outreach Guide to State and Federal Government, Updated October 2005 CHP Education and Outreach Guide to State and Federal Government, Updated October 2005 This...

43

State Opportunities for Action: Update of States' CHP Activities...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

State Opportunities for Action: Update of States' CHP Activities (ACEEE), October 2003 State Opportunities for Action: Update of States' CHP Activities (ACEEE), October 2003 This...

44

Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry - Presentation by Frito-Lay North America, June 2011 Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...

45

CHP: Enabling Resilient Energy Infrastructure for Critical Facilities...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

CHP: Enabling Resilient Energy Infrastructure for Critical Facilities - Report, March 2013 CHP: Enabling Resilient Energy Infrastructure for Critical Facilities - Report, March...

46

Modular CHP System for Utica College: Design Specification, March...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Modular CHP System for Utica College: Design Specification, March 2007 Modular CHP System for Utica College: Design Specification, March 2007 This paper describes Utica College's...

47

California CHP Market Assessment, July 2009 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

California CHP Market Assessment, July 2009 California CHP Market Assessment, July 2009 Presentation by ICF International to the Integrated Energy Policy Report Committee at the...

48

Promoting Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for Multifamily Properties...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Promoting Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for Multifamily Properties, 2008 Promoting Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for Multifamily Properties, 2008 The U.S. Department of Housing and...

49

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Resource Guide for Hospital Applications...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Resource Guide for Hospital Applications, 2007 Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Resource Guide for Hospital Applications, 2007 The objective of this 2007...

50

Combined Heat and Power: Expanding CHP in Your State | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Combined Heat and Power: Expanding CHP in Your State Combined Heat and Power: Expanding CHP in Your State This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program...

51

National CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity in the United States by 2010, March 2001 National CHP Roadmap: Doubling Combined Heat and Power Capacity in the...

52

Development of an Advanced Combined Heat and Power (CHP) System...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

an Advanced Combined Heat and Power (CHP) System Utilizing Off-Gas from Coke Calcination - Fact Sheet, 2011 Development of an Advanced Combined Heat and Power (CHP) System...

53

U.S. Department of Energy CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships This informational brochure on the Combined Heat and Power Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) provides a summary of the key...

54

CHP: Effective Energy Solutions for a Sustainable Future, December...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2008 CHP: Effective Energy Solutions for a Sustainable Future, December 2008 Combined Heat and Power (CHP) solutions represent a proven and effective near-term energy option to...

55

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Integrated with Burners for Packaged...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Integrated with Burners for Packaged Boilers Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Integrated with Burners for Packaged Boilers Providing Clean, Low-Cost,...

56

Consensus Action Items from CHP Roadmap Process, June 2001 |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CHP awareness, eliminating regulatory and institutional barriers, and developing CHP markets and technologies. All levels of government are addressed including state,...

57

Are CHP Systems Ready for Commercial Buildings?  

SciTech Connect

This paper highlights challenges associated with integration of CHP systems with existing buildings and maintaining their performance over time. The paper also identifies key research and development needs to address the challenges, so that CHP technologies can deliver the promised performance and reach their full potential market penetration.

Katipamula, Srinivas; Brambley, Michael R.; Zaltash, Abdi; Sands, Jim

2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

58

Qualifying Combined Heat and Power (CHP) activity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The EU 2002 draft and 2004 final CHP Directives propose qualifying CHP activity with the quality norm. This norm benchmarks the energy efficiency of CHP plant outputs on external reference power and heat efficiencies. Because the quality norm amalgamates cogeneration and condensing activity its application entails particular perverse effects for high-quality and adapted scale investment in CHP capacities and for operating available units. Operators get incentives to part-load or shut down their capacities and to avoid condensing activity (lucrative at spiky price conditions in the power market). The formula of the quality norm is only useful when CHP activity (heat recovery, cogenerated electricity, fuel consumption for cogeneration) is first quantified reliably.

Aviel Verbruggen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Sector Profiles of Significant Large CHP Markets, March 2004  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Overview of market assessments of large CHP sector profiles of the chemicals, food, and pharmaceuticals sectors

60

Quick Start Guide: Completing Your CHP September 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quick Start Guide: Completing Your CHP September 2013 This Laboratory Safety Manual (LSM) is your of what the Washington Department of Labor and Industries calls a "Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP)." The CHP is required for all laboratories that use hazardous chemicals. EH&S developed much of your CHP for you

Wilcock, William

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

34 Chemical Shifts and Coupling Constants for CHP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It contains 31P NMR data (chemical shift, coupling constant), structural diagram, and solvent of CHP

M. Kumar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Quantifying Combined Heat and Power (CHP) activity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In CHP plants without heat rejection facilities power, output is complementary to the recovery of heat, and all activity is cogeneration. CHP plants with heat rejection facilities can operate a mix of cogeneration and condensing activities. Quantifying the energy flows of both activities properly requires knowledge of the design power-to-heat ratios of the CHP processes (steam and gas turbines, combustion engines). The ratios may be multiple, non-linear or extend into the virtual domain of the production possibility sets of the plants. Quantifying cogeneration in CCGT plants reveals a definition conflict but consistent solutions are available.

Aviel Verbruggen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The CHP systems program aimed to facilitate acceptance of distributed energy in end-use sectors by forming partnerships with industry consortia in the commercial building, merchant stores, light...

64

CHP and Bioenergy Systems for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

There are important issues to consider when selecting a CHP technology, such as size, emissions, location of maintenance personnel, and efficiency. This document summarizes the following CHP technologies: Reciprocating Engine, Microturbine, Combustion Turbines, Stirling Engine, and Fuel Cell.

65

Local Power Empowers: CHP and District Energy | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Power Empowers: CHP and District Energy Local Power Empowers: CHP and District Energy Blue version of the EERE PowerPoint template, for use with PowerPoint 2007. Transcript...

66

Analysis of a CHP Plant Operation for Residential Consumers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

All European Directives pleads for energy efficiency and, if it is possible, to implement Combined Heat and Power (CHP) high efficiency sources. The system composed by CHP and classical sources (as peak sources) ...

Rodica Frunzulica; Andrei Damian; Radu Baciu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

ENERGY ANALYSIS OF A MICRO-CHP DEMONSTRATION FACILITY.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Cooling, Heating, and Power (CHP) systems have been around for decades, but systems that utilize 20 kW or less, designated as Micro-CHP, are relatively (more)

Giffin, Paxton Keith

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Micro-CHP Modeling and Simulation using Thermodynamic Cycles.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis discusses the thermoeconomic modeling and simulation of micro-CHP systems powered by various prime movers. Micro Cooling, Heating, and Power (micro-CHP) is becoming an (more)

Moran, Alan Mark

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

The Micro-CHP Technologies Roadmap, December 2003 | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The Micro-CHP Technologies Roadmap, December 2003 The Micro-CHP Technologies Roadmap, December 2003 On June 11-12, 2003, in Greenbelt, Maryland, key stakeholders from industry,...

70

ITP Distributed Energy: The Market for CHP in Florida, August...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Current US CHP Capacity Looks Impressive 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 EU 25 USA Russia China Japan India Canada Netherlands UK Finland France Denmark WADE 2006 CHP Capacity,...

71

HUD Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Guide #3, September 2010 |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HUD Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Guide 3, September 2010 HUD Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Guide 3, September 2010 This Level 2 analysis tool for multifamily buildings will help...

72

CHP: A Clean Energy Solution, August 2012 | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

A Clean Energy Solution, August 2012 CHP: A Clean Energy Solution, August 2012 Combined heat and power (CHP) is an efficient and clean approach to generating electric power and...

73

Accelerating CHP Deployment, United States Energy Association (USEA), August 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

An Industry Consultation by the United States Energy Association (USEA) on Accelerating Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Deployment

74

4th Annual CHP Roadmap Breakout Group Results, September 2003  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Breakout Group Results for Utilities Issues Including Key Issues and Action Items During the CHP Roadmap Workshop

75

CHP Market Potential in the Western States, September 2005  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Outlook for CHP in each state based on base case cumulative market penetration to the technical market potential calculated

76

Renewables and CHP Deployment in the UK January 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Renewables and CHP Deployment in the UK to 2020 Jim Watson January 2002 Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research Working Paper 21 #12;Renewables and CHP Deployment in the UK to 2020 Jim Watson Energy....................................................................................................6 3. The Deployment of Renewables and CHP to 2020

Watson, Andrew

77

Molecular Cell High-Affinity Binding of Chp1 Chromodomain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Cell Article High-Affinity Binding of Chp1 Chromodomain to K9 Methylated Histone H3, Chp1, and siRNAs derived from centro- meric repeats. Recruitment of RITS to centromeres has been establishment. Our crystal structure of Chp1's chromodomain in complex with a trimethylated lysine 9 H3 peptide

Halazonetis, Thanos

78

Biomass DHP/ CHP benefits at local and regional level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass DHP/ CHP ­ benefits at local and regional level Krzysztof Gierulski EC Baltic RenewableEnergy Workshop, Brussels 01.07.2002 #12;Biomass DHP/ CHP in Poland n Plan of the presentation n Promotion and dissemination of best practices (,,Promotion of conversion to biomass CHP at larger sites in PL", OPET) n

79

Combination cancer vaccine of CHP-NY-ESO-1 and CHP-HER2 with immuno-adjuvant, OK-432, for chemorefractory metastatic or recurrent esophageal cancer patients  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cholesteryl hydrophobized polysacharide(CHP-HER2) Shigehisa Kitano Shinichi Kageyama...hydrophobized polysacharide-HER2 protein complex (CHP-HER2) is a cancer vaccine with a novel...hydrophobized polysaccharides, pullulan (CHP) containing truncated recombinant HER2...

Shugo Ueda; Masatoshi Aoki; Hiroyoshi Nishikawa; Michiko Hirayama; Shigehisa Kitano; Eriko Hayashi; Michiyuki Kanai; Arimichi Takabayashi; Hiroshi Shiku; Shinichi Kageyama

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Upward Showering Muons in Super?Kamiokande  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A small subset of neutrino?induced upward going muons in the Super?Kamiokande detector consists of high energy muons that undergo radiative energy losses through bremsstrahlung e + e ? pair production and photo?nuclear interactions. The mean energy of the parent neutrinos of these showering upward muons is approximately 1 TeV allowing the selection of a high energy sample of neutrinos. We present physics(mainly oscillation analysis) as well as astrophysical results with the upward showering muon dataset using about 1680 days of Super?K?I data.

Shantanu Desai; Super?Kamiokande Collaboration

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

List of CHP/Cogeneration Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CHP/Cogeneration Incentives CHP/Cogeneration Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 279 CHP/Cogeneration Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 279) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Advanced Energy Fund (Ohio) Public Benefits Fund Ohio Commercial Industrial Institutional Residential Utility Biomass CHP/Cogeneration Fuel Cells Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Geothermal Electric Hydroelectric energy Landfill Gas Microturbines Municipal Solid Waste Photovoltaics Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Electric Solar Water Heat Wind energy Yes Advanced Energy Gross Receipts Tax Deduction (New Mexico) Sales Tax Incentive New Mexico Commercial Construction Installer/Contractor Retail Supplier CHP/Cogeneration Geothermal Electric Photovoltaics

82

3D-animaation kytt CHP-voimalan visualisoinnissa : esimerkkin GASEK CHP.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Opinnytetyn tavoitteena oli suunnitella ja toteuttaa GASEK Oy:lle animaatio kolmiulotteisella grafiikalla. Animaation tarkoitus oli esitell GASEK Oy:n CHP-voimalaitosta, jossa sekapuuhakkeesta tuotetaan lmp ja shk. Tyn (more)

Muilu, Jaakko

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

ANALYSIS OF CHP POTENTIAL AT FEDERAL SITES  

SciTech Connect

This document was prepared at the request of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) under its Technical Guidance and Assistance and Project Financing Programs. The purpose was to provide an estimate of the national potential for combined heat and power (also known as CHP; cogeneration; or cooling, heating, and power) applications at federal facilities and the associated costs and benefits including energy and emission savings. The report provides a broad overview for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and other agencies on when and where CHP systems are most likely to serve the government's best interest. FEMP's mission is to reduce the cost to and environmental impact of the federal government by advancing energy efficiency and water conservation, promoting the use of renewable energy, and improving utility management decisions at federal sites. FEMP programs are driven by its customers: federal agency sites. FEMP monitors energy efficiency and renewable energy technology developments and mounts ''technology-specific'' programs to make technologies that are in strong demand by agencies more accessible. FEMP's role is often one of helping the federal government ''lead by example'' through the use of advanced energy efficiency/renewable energy (EERE) technologies in its own buildings and facilities. CHP was highlighted in the Bush Administration's National Energy Policy Report as a commercially available technology offering extraordinary benefits in terms of energy efficiencies and emission reductions. FEMP's criteria for emphasizing a technology are that it must be commercially available; be proven but underutilized; have a strong constituency and momentum; offer large energy savings and other benefits of interest to federal sites and FEMP mission; be in demand; and carry sufficient federal market potential. As discussed in the report, CHP meets all of these criteria. Executive Order 13123 directs federal facilities to use CHP when life-cycle costs indicate energy reduction goals will be met. FEMP can assist facilities to conduct this analysis. The model developed for this report estimates the magnitude of CHP that could be implemented under various performance and economic assumptions associated with different applications. This model may be useful for other energy technologies. It can be adapted to estimate the market potential in federal buildings for any energy system based on the cost and performance parameters that a user desires to assess. The model already incorporates a standard set of parameters based on available data for federal buildings including total building space, building type, energy use intensity, fuel costs, and the performance of many prime movers commonly used in CHP applications. These and other variables can be adjusted to meet user needs or updated in the future as new data become available.

HADLEY, S.W.

2002-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

84

Laboratory-Specific-Documentation-HHN.docx CHP updated 8/21/13 Virginia Tech  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory-Specific-Documentation-HHN.docx CHP updated 8/21/13 Virginia Tech Chemistry Department Chemical Hygiene Plan This CHP applies to rooms Current worker beginning a new task Reviewing a revised edition of the CHP 1

Crawford, T. Daniel

85

Impact of Integrating Renewables and CHP into the UK Transmission Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impact of Integrating Renewables and CHP into the UK Transmission Network Xueguang Wu, Nick Jenkins of Integrating Renewables and CHP into the UK Transmission Network Xueguang Wu, Nick Jenkins and Goran Strbac ........................................................................................................3 2.2 SCENARIOS FOR CHP

Watson, Andrew

86

Opportunities for CHP at Wastewater Treatment Facilities: Market...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2008 EPA CHP Partnership Update Biomass Program Perspectives on Anaerobic Digestion and Fuel Cell Integration at Biorefineries Biogas Technologies and Integration with Fuel Cells...

87

Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry -...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

congestion on the constrained Northeast power grid. The fact sheet contains performance data from the plant after one year of operation. Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food...

88

Optimization Online - Nonlinear Optimisation in CHP-Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 14, 2002 ... In particular for CHP systems with fixed heat and power coupling (back pressure turbines), this approach could enable a reduction of operating...

Michael Wigbels

2002-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

89

Installation and Instrumentation of a Micro-CHP Demonstration Facility.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Micro-Cooling, Heating and Power (CHP) is the decentralized generation of electricity in which normally wasted heat is recovered for use in heating and cooling of (more)

Stone, Nicholas Alexander

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

expanding_chp_in_your_state.doc | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CHP in Your State Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) - Solar Hot Water Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers (SERC) - GeothermalGround-Source Heat Pumps...

91

The International CHP/DHC Collaborative - Advancing Near-Term...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

International Energy Agency (IEA) has developed a scorecard of national Combined Heat and Power (CHP)District Heat and Cooling (DHC) policy efforts that takes into account three...

92

CHP: Connecting the Gap between Markets and Utility Interconnection...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Markets and Utility Interconnection and Tariff Practices, 2006 The adoption of combined heat and power (CHP) systems by American industries has made substantial strides in the...

93

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Combustion Turbine CHP System...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Congestion Based at a large Frito-Lay food processing facility, this com- bined heat and power (CHP) demonstration project reduces the energy costs and environmental...

94

Increasing the Market Acceptance of Smaller CHP Systems  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Packaged Combined Heat and Power System ADVANCED MANUFACTURING OFFICE Increasing the Market Acceptance of Smaller CHP Systems This project is developing a flexible, packaged...

95

Barriers to CHP with Renewable Portfolio Standards, Draft White...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

helped spur the growth of renewable energy projects, including solar, wind, and biomass power. This report aims to determine the barriers to CHP that exist within state RPS...

96

Promoting Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for Multifamily Properties, 2008  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The paper describes the software and provides case studies of CHP installed in multi-family housing (e.g. Cambridge, MA; Danbury, CT).

97

CHP and Bioenergy Systems for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Systems for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants CHP and Bioenergy Systems for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants There are important issues to consider when selecting...

98

2008 EPA CHP Partnership Update | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Advancing Near-Term Low Carbon Technologies, July 2008 Opportunities for CHP at Wastewater Treatment Facilities: Market Analysis and Lessons from the Field, U.S. EPA, October...

99

CHP and Bioenergy for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants: Market Opportunities CHP and Bioenergy for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants: Market Opportunities This document explores...

100

Modeling CHP Descriptions in Labeled Transitions Systems for an Efficient Formal Validation of Asynchronous Circuit Specifications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work addresses the analysis and validation of CHP specifications for asynchronous circuits, using property Verification tools. CHP semantics, initially given in terms of Petri...

Menouer Boubekeur; Dominique Borrione

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO, and VOC Emissions - Presentation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

CHP System with Low NOx, CO, and VOC Emissions - Presentation by the Gas Technology Institute (GTI), June 2011 Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO, and VOC Emissions -...

102

Low-Cost Packaged CHP System with Reduced Emissions - Fact Sheet...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Cost Packaged CHP System with Reduced Emissions - Fact Sheet, 2011 Low-Cost Packaged CHP System with Reduced Emissions - Fact Sheet, 2011 Cummins Power Generation, in collaboration...

103

2011 Industrial Distributed Energy and CHP R&D Portfolio Review...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Combined Heat & Power Deployment 2011 Industrial Distributed Energy and CHP R&D Portfolio Review 2011 Industrial Distributed Energy and CHP R&D Portfolio Review The Advanced...

104

Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO and VOC Emissions | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emissions Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO and VOC Emissions Introduction A combined heat and power (CHP) system can be a financially attractive energy option for many...

105

Biomass DHP/ CHP benefits at local and regional level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biomass DHP/ CHP ­ benefits at local and regional level Krzysztof Gierulski EC Baltic RenewableEnergy Workshop, Brussels 01.07.2002 http://www.managenergy.net/conference/ren0702/gierulski.pdf #12;Biomass DHP of conversion to biomass CHP at larger sites in PL", OPET) n Technical assistance (,,Feasibility

106

Design of Heat Exchanger for Heat Recovery in CHP Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this research is to review issues related to the design of heat recovery unit in Combined Heat and Power (CHP) systems. To meet specific needs of CHP systems, configurations can be altered to affect different factors of the design...

Kozman, T. A.; Kaur, B.; Lee, J.

107

The continuing story of CHP in the Netherlands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of combined heat and power generation (CHP) in the period 1988-1993 is described, together with the prospects until the end of the century. The CHP capacity in the Netherlands has already shown a considerable increase in the period 1978- 1988. covering about 19% of total electricity consumption. This capacity was mainly connected to industrial steam generation and was privately owned. In the period 1988-1993 the application of CHP steadily grew and spread to other sectors than industry. More important, the Dutch energy companies, as part of plans to reduce the environmental effects of energy supply, developed activities to expand strongly the application of CHP up to the year 2000. The realisation of these plans is underway, and current developments make it likely that by the year 2000 about 50% of electricity consumption in the Netherlands is covered by CHP plants.

Kornelis Blok; Jacco Farla

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

CHP and Bioenergy for Landfills and Wastewater Treatment Plants: Market Opportunities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Overview of market opportunities for CHP and bioenergy for landfills and wastewater treatment plants

109

CHP and CHPsim: A Language and Simulator for Fine-Grain Distributed Computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 CHP and CHPsim: A Language and Simulator for Fine-Grain Distributed Computation Alain J. Martin Abstract--This paper describes a complete and stable version of CHP and the simulator CHPsim. CHP partial versions of the language are already widely used, but CHP has never been presented as a complete

Martin, Alain

110

MODELING THE DIFFUSION OF MICRO-CHP IN A RESIDENTIAL AREA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

i MODELING THE DIFFUSION OF MICRO-CHP IN A RESIDENTIAL AREA by Christian Chemaly A thesis submitted OF MICRO-CHP IN A RESIDENTIAL AREA by Christian Chemaly A thesis presented on the diffusion of micro-CHP shows that micro-CHP will not reach 50% of the market in less than 20 years. Furthermore it analyses

111

5th Annual CHP Roadmap Workshop Breakout Group Results, September 2004  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Breakout group results for CHP technologies, markets, utility and regulatory issues, and education and outreach

112

chp.aceee.final.rev1.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3739 3739 Carbon Emissions Reduction Potential in the US Chemicals and Pulp and Paper Industries by Applying CHP Technologies. Marta Khrushch, Ernst Worrell, Lynn Price, Nathan Martin, and Dan Einstein Environmental Energy Technologies Division June 1999 This work was supported by the Climate Protection Division, Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY ii Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes

113

CHP at Post Street in Downtown Seattle  

SciTech Connect

The Post Street project had four (4), 7.960 MW, Solar Taurus-70-10801S natural gas combustion turbines. Each turbine equipped with a 40,000 lb/hr heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). The dual-fuel HRSGs was capable of generating steam using gas turbine exhaust heat or surplus electric power. The generation capacity was nominally rated at 29.2 MW. The project as proposed had a fuel rate chargeable to power of 4,900 - 5,880 Btu/kWh dependent on time of year. The CHP plant, when operating at 29.2 MW, can recycle turbine exhaust into supply 145 kpph of steam to SSC per hour. The actual SSC steam loads will vary based on weather, building occupation, plus additions / reductions of customer load served. SSC produces up to 80 kpph of steam from a biomass boiler, which is currently base loaded all year.

Gent, Stan

2012-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

114

Rehabilitation of CHP in northern Moravia (CZ)  

SciTech Connect

The most effective usage of fuel energy is the combined generation of electricity and heat. Energoprojekt participates in the preparation of many such projects in Czech Republic. The Rehabilitation of Teplarny Karvina, (TEK) is a working title for first stage of fundamental renewal and upgrading of CHP TEK which is under construction now. Its conception is based on maximum utilization of existing equipment focused upon the improvement of combined power and heat generation with the aim to decrease impacts on the environment. The district heating systems of towns Havi ov and Karvina will be interconnected which will improve the operation of systems and increase the reliability of heat supply into both systems. Rehabilitation of TEK consists of the installation of a condensing 37 MWe steam turbine with heat recovery including a 214 MWth heat exchanger station, hot water circulating station and other necessary equipment. The second stage of this project will be the new CHP. The new cogeneration plant called Karvina (EZK) has to assure the basic heating capacity for the integrated complex of two towns and three mines. The peak load of district heating is 426 MWth, the heating capacity of TEK is 266 MWth. This rate enables all-year operation, high effective utilization of the new power plant, and economical and ecological utilization of coal. The existing plants with the sufficient capacity will cooperate with the new plant during approximately half of the heating season. The principal equipment of the cogeneration unit EZK consists of two fluidized bed boilers with heating capacity of 309 MWth and a steam condensation turbine with heat recovery with a maximum output of 260 MWe or alternatively 2x125 MWe. The goals of the project are: increasing the generation of power, reducing the operation costs, keeping the new emission standards, improving the efficiency and reliability of the heat supplies and keeping position on the market.

Mazae, V. [Energoprojekt Praha (Czech Republic); Nimec, V.; Karvina, T.; Novaeek, A. [Moravskoslezske Teplarny (Czech Republic)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

115

Yantai Tianli Biomass CHP Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Yantai Tianli Biomass CHP Co Ltd Yantai Tianli Biomass CHP Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Yantai Tianli Biomass CHP Co Ltd Place Yantai, Shandong Province, China Zip 265300 Sector Biomass Product Yantai-based biomass CHP project developer. Coordinates 37.538971°, 121.374893° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.538971,"lon":121.374893,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

116

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Development » Smart Grid » Distributed Technology Development » Smart Grid » Distributed Energy » Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Systems Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Systems The CHP systems program aimed to facilitate acceptance of distributed energy in end-use sectors by forming partnerships with industry consortia in the commercial building, merchant stores, light industrial, supermarkets, restaurants, hospitality, health care and high-tech industries. In high-tech industries such as telecommunications, commercial data processing and internet services, the use of electronic data and signal processing have become a cornerstone in the U.S. economy. These industries represent high potential for CHP and distributed energy due to their ultra-high reliability and power quality requirements and related large

117

Cogeneration (Chp) as Alternative Energy Production To Ecological Neighborhoods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In addition to this, CHP is the key to reducing emissions. According...Boston Consulting Group (BCG) [2], cogeneration saved over 13 milliont of CO2 in Spain in 2008, which represents 3.2?% of nati...

I. Calama

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Plant Oil Fuels Combined Heat and Power (CHP)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combined heat and power (CHP) or cogeneration is the simultaneous generation of both useable heat and power in a single process by a heat and power supply station or an engine. The mechanical energy is usuall...

Dr. Klaus Thuneke

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Plant Oil Fuels Combined Heat and Power (CHP)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combined heat and power (CHP) or cogeneration is the simultaneous generation of both useable heat and power in a single process by a heat and power supply station or an engine. The mechanical energy is usuall...

Dr. Klaus Thuneke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Combined Heat & Power (CHP) -A Clean Energy Solution for Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, this opportune nexus of market, regulatory, and technology opportunities could dissipate. In fiscal year 1999, we launched the U. S. Department of Energy CHP Challenge program. By 2002 when the Challenge is complete, it should have substantially increased the use...

Parks, H.; Hoffman, P.; Kurtovich, M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: HUD CHP GUIDE #2 - FEASIBILITY...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HUD CHP GUIDE 2: FEASIBILITY SCREENING FOR COMBINED HEAT AND POWER IN MULTIFAMILY HOUSING Prepared for U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development by U.S. Department of...

122

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: CHP Market Potential in the...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

diesel generators that are being converted to CHP. Idaho - There are a large number of potato and beet sugar processing facilities in the state that require large amounts of both...

123

CHP: It's Time for Combined Heat and Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and export 16. Creates local jobs for installation, operation and maintenance 17. Supports competitive electricity market structure General Conclusion It is very much in the PUBLIC interest to support CHP distributed energy even if the private incentives... of use Electricity Electricity Heat Heat Combined Heat and Power Conventional Generation Building Load Power Plant fuel (66 units of remote energy) Boiler fuel (34 units of on-site energy) CHP fuel (x units of on-site energy) Losses Losses 20 29 20...

Herweck, R.

124

Pak6 protein kinase is a novel effector of an atypical Rho family GTPase Chp/RhoV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chp/RhoV is an atypical Rho GTPase whose ... understood. To date several effector proteins of Chp have been identified, including p21-activated kinases ... p21-activated kinase, Pak6, is a novel Chp-binding prote...

M. V. Shepelev; I. V. Korobko

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

ORNL technology transfer continues strong upward trend | ornl...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ron Walli Communications 865.576.0226 ORNL technology transfer continues strong upward trend Mike Paulus, director of Technology Transfer, says initiatives like SPARK have been...

126

CHP Fuel Cell Durability Demonstration - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

Plug Power has managed a demonstration project that has tested multiple units of its high-temperature, PEM fuel cell system in micro-combined heat and power (?-CHP) applications in California. The specific objective of the demonstration project was to substantiate the durability of GenSys Blue, and, thereby, verify its technology and commercial readiness for the marketplace. In the demonstration project, Plug Power, in partnership with the National Fuel Cell Research Center (NFCRC) at the University of California, Irvine (UCI), and Sempra, will execute two major tasks: Task 1: Internal durability/reliability fleet testing. Six GenSys Blue units will be built and will undergo an internal test regimen to estimate failure rates. This task was modified to include 3 GenSys Blue units installed in a lab at UCI. Task 2: External customer testing. Combined heat and power units will be installed and tested in real-world residential and/or light commercial end user locations in California.

Petrecky, James; Ashley, Christopher J

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

127

2008 CHP Baseline Assessment and Action Plan for the Nevada Market  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Report providing an updated assessment and summary of the current status of combined heat and power (CHP) in Nevada and to identify the hurdles that prevent the expanded use of CHP systems

128

2008 CHP Baseline Assessment and Action Plan for the California Market  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Report providing an updated baseline assessment and action plan for combined heat and power (CHP) in California and to identify the hurdles that prevent the expanded use of CHP system

129

Challenges Facing CHP: A State-by-State Assessment (ACEEE), 2011...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Challenges Facing CHP: A State-by-State Assessment (ACEEE), 2011 Challenges Facing CHP: A State-by-State Assessment (ACEEE), 2011 For years, the American Council for an...

130

The Center for Health Policy (CHP) works with institutional partners at the local, state,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mission The Center for Health Policy (CHP) works with institutional partners at the local, state into effective policies. The CHP sees research as an integral component of its mission. Center faculty engage

Grishok, Alla

131

Federal Strategies to Increase the Implementation of CHP in the United States, June 1999  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The federal government is committed to increasing the penetration of CHP technologies in the United States. This 1999 paper discusses the goal to build a competitive market for CHP in which...

132

Combined Heat and Power for Federal Facilities and the DOE CHP...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

technical assistance to end-users and stakeholders to help them consider CHP, waste heat to power, andor district energy with CHP in their facility and to help them through...

133

Field Scale Test and Verification of CHP System at the Ritz Carlton...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Scale Test and Verification of CHP System at the Ritz Carlton, San Francisco, August 2007 Field Scale Test and Verification of CHP System at the Ritz Carlton, San Francisco,...

134

A Preliminary Study on Designing Combined Heat and Power (CHP) System for the University Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combined heat and power (CHP) systems are an evolving technology that is at the front of the energy conservation movement. With the reduction in energy consumption and green house gas emissions, CHP systems are improving the efficiency of power...

Kozman, T. A.; Reynolds, C. M.; Lee, J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

The Value of Distributed Generation and CHP Resources in Wholesale Power Markets, September 2005  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Report evaluating DG/CHP as wholesale power resources, installed on the utility side of the customer meter

136

Barriers to CHP with Renewable Portfolio Standards, Draft White Paper, September 2007  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A draft white paper discussing the barriers to combine heat and power (CHP) with renewable portfolio standards

137

Formal Verification of CHP Specifications with CADP, Illustration on an Asynchronous Network-on-Chip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formal Verification of CHP Specifications with CADP, Illustration on an Asynchronous Network of the Presentation · Introduction · Translation from CHP to LOTOS · CADP toolbox overview · Verification of ANOC Context & Objective process calculus CHP Petri nets process calculus LOTOS (CEA/Leti) translation

Joseph Fourier Grenoble-I, Université

138

Modeling of a Biomass Gasification CHP Plant: Influence of Various Parameters on Energetic and Exergetic Efficiencies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Modeling of a Biomass Gasification CHP Plant: Influence of Various Parameters on Energetic and Exergetic Efficiencies ... This paper presents a theoretical assessment of energy, exergy, and syngas cleaning performances in a biomass gasification combined heat and power (CHP) plant with varying operating parameters. ... The analysis is carried out using a detailed model of a biomass gasification CHP plant developed with Aspen Plus. ...

Jessica Franois; Guillain Mauviel; Michel Feidt; Caroline Rogaume; Yann Rogaume; Olivier Mirgaux; Fabrice Patisson; Anthony Dufour

2013-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

139

Formal Verification of CHP Specifications with CADP Illustration on an Asynchronous Network-on-Chip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formal Verification of CHP Specifications with CADP Illustration on an Asynchronous Network in the high-level language CHP, by using model checking techniques provided by the CADP toolbox. Our proposal is based on an automatic translation from CHP into LOTOS, the process algebra used in CADP. A translator

Joseph Fourier Grenoble-I, Université

140

chp/pcor center for health policy/ center for primary care  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

chp/pcor center for health policy/ center for primary care and outcomes research center overview historicalhighlights 6 Education 12 research 20 Impact 24 outreach 28 Supportingchp/pcor 30 people chp/pcor mission investigators. outreach Over the past decade, CHP/PCOR has pro- duced 25 newsletters, organized nearly 300

Ford, James

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141

Pan China Puyang Biomass CHP Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Puyang Biomass CHP Co Ltd Puyang Biomass CHP Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Pan-China(Puyang) Biomass CHP Co., Ltd. Place Puyang, Henan Province, China Zip 455000 Sector Biomass Product China based biomass project developer. Coordinates 29.459499°, 119.875023° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.459499,"lon":119.875023,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

142

Solar and CHP Sales Tax Exemption (Florida) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and CHP Sales Tax Exemption (Florida) and CHP Sales Tax Exemption (Florida) Solar and CHP Sales Tax Exemption (Florida) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial General Public/Consumer Residential Savings Category Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Solar Heating & Cooling Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Heating Maximum Rebate No limit Program Info Start Date 07/01/1997 State Florida Program Type Sales Tax Incentive Rebate Amount All Provider Florida Department of Revenue Solar energy systems have been exempt from Florida's sales and use tax since July 1, 1997. The term "solar energy system" means the equipment and requisite hardware that provide and are used for collecting, transferring, converting, storing or using incidental solar energy for water heating,

143

Obstacles and Opportunity: Overcoming Barriers in Today's CHP Marketplace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to improve existing incentive programs. By far the most important incentives, according to CHP developers and supporters, are tax incentives or other types of incentives (such as feed-in-tariffs) that offer a set monetary benefit per system output... developers were keen to discuss was a feed-in-tariff (FIT). A FIT is a long-term contract a generator may enter into with a utility to have the generator?s power purchased at a set rate ? typically higher than the wholesale rates that some CHP systems now...

Chittum, A.; Kaufman, N.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Suggested Treatment of CHP Within an EERS Context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Combined Heat & Power and Seperate Heat & Power Systems 9 units (Losses) Power Plant fuel (121 units) 7 (Grid Losses) Useful Electricity 35 units 50 units Useful Heat Boiler fuel (59 units) 180 units Grid BOILER CHP 15 units (Losses) Separate Heat... and distribution losses for the power pool as well. 7 Once the power pool's average heat rate is determined, F GRID, POWER ? the fuel that would have been used by the power pool to provide the electricity saved by the CHP system ? can be calculated...

Chittum, A.; Elliott, R. N.; Trombley, D.; Watson, S.

145

Property:HeadquartersCity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HeadquartersCity HeadquartersCity Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the property "HeadquartersCity" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 220 kV SSSC device for power flow control (Smart Grid Project) + Catalonia + 4 44 Tech Inc. Smart Grid Demonstration Project + Pittsburgh + A A complete and normalized 61850 substation (Smart Grid Project) + Madrid + ALLETE Inc., d/b/a Minnesota Power Smart Grid Project + Duluth + AMI (Smart Grid Project) + Kranj + AMIS (Smart Grid Project) + Steyr + AMIS (Smart Grid Project) (Traun, Austria) + Traun + AMIS (Smart Grid Project) (Vöcklabruck, Austria) + Vöcklabruck + Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect (Smart Grid Project) + Sønderborg +

146

The use of combined heat and power (CHP) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions  

SciTech Connect

Cogeneration or Combined Heat and Power (CHP) is the sequential production of electric power and thermal energy. It is a more efficient way of providing electricity and process heat than producing them independently. Average overall efficiencies can range from 70% to more than 80%. CHP decisions often present an opportunity to switch to a cleaner fuel. CHP systems are an attractive opportunity to save money, increase overall efficiency, reduce net emissions, and improve environmental performance. Climate Wise, a US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) program helping industrial Partners turn energy efficiency and pollution prevention into a corporate asset, has increased awareness of CHP by providing implementation and savings information, providing peer exchange opportunities for its Partners, and recognizing the achievements of Partners that have implemented CHP at their facilities. This paper profiles Climate Wise Partners that have invested in CHP systems, including describing how CHP is used in their facilities and the resulting cost and emission reductions.

Asrael, J.; Milmoe, P.H.; Haydel, J.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Actual trends of decentralized CHP integration -- The Californian investment subsidy system and its implication for the energy efficiency directive (Aktuelle Trends in der dezentralen KWK Technologie Integration -- Das kalifornische Fordermodell und dessen Implikation fur die Endenergieeffizienzrichtlinie)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

http://www.epa.gov/chp/project_resources/calculator.htmVerbrennungsmotoren. Quelle: Midwest CHP Application Center,Mikroturbinen. Quelle: Midwest CHP Application Center, 2003

Stadler, Michael; Lipman, Tim; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

ORNL/TM-2001/280 Analysis of CHP Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.ntis.gov/support/ordernowabout.htm Reports are available to DOE employees, DOE contractors, Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Federal Energy for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY under contract no. DE-AC05-00OR22725 #12;Federal CHP Potential #12;Federal

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

149

Designing and control of a SOFC micro-CHP system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of this work is to provide a holistic assessment of the technical potential of solid oxide fuel cells of a micro combined heat and power (CHP) system based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC). The overall aim identi- fied. The models were used to evaluate optimal cell-stack power output, the impact of cell

Liso, Vincenzo

150

Clean Energy Solutions Large Scale CHP and Fuel Cells Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Energy Solutions Large Scale CHP and Fuel Cells Program Clean Energy Solutions Large Scale CHP and Fuel Cells Program Clean Energy Solutions Large Scale CHP and Fuel Cells Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Maximum Rebate CHP: $3,000,000 or 30% of project costs Fuel Cells: $3,000,000 or 45% of project costs Program Info Start Date 01/17/2013 State New Jersey Program Type State Grant Program Rebate Amount CHP greater than 1 MW-3 MW: $0.55/wattt CHP > 3 MW: $0.35/watt Fuel Cells > 1 MW with waste heat utilization: $2.00/watt Fuel Cells > 1 MW without waste heat utilization: $1.50/watt

151

Combined heat and power (CHP or cogeneration) for saving energy and carbon in commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) systems simultaneously deliver electric, thermal and mechanical energy services and thus use fuel very efficiently. Today's small-scale CHP systems already provide heat, cooling and electricity at nearly twice the fuel efficiency of heat and power based on power remote plants and onsite hot water and space heating. In this paper, the authors have refined and extended the assessments of small-scale building CHP previously done by the authors. They estimate the energy and carbon savings for existing small-scale CHP technology such as reciprocating engines and two promising new CHP technologies--microturbines and fuel cells--for commercial buildings. In 2010 the authors estimate that small-scale CHP will emit 14--65% less carbon than separate heat and power (SHP) depending on the technologies compared. They estimate that these technologies in commercial buildings could save nearly two-thirds of a quadrillion Btu's of energy and 23 million tonnes of carbon.

Kaarsberg, T.; Fiskum, R.; Romm, J.; Rosenfeld, A.; Koomey, J.; Teagan, W.P.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Humoral immune responses in patients vaccinated with HER2 protein complexed with a novel antigen delivery system of cholesteryl pullulan(CHP-HER2)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...2008; San Diego, CA Combination cancer vaccine of CHP-NY-ESO-1 and CHP-HER2 with immuno-adjuvant, OK-432, for chemorefractory...nanoparticles of hydrophobized polysaccharides, pullulan (CHP) containing tumor antigen protein. Previous clinical...

Shigehisa Kitano; Michiko Hirayama; Shinichi Kageyama; Yasuhiro Nagata; Masakatsu Nishikawa; Andrew M. Scott; Roger Murphy; Eric W. Hoffman; Lloyd J. Old; Hiroshi Shiku

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

153

Distributed Generation Study/Patterson Farms CHP System Using Renewable  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Farms CHP System Using Renewable Farms CHP System Using Renewable Biogas < Distributed Generation Study Jump to: navigation, search Study Location Auburn, New York Site Description Agricultural Study Type Field Test Technology Internal Combustion Engine Prime Mover Caterpillar G379 Heat Recovery Systems Built-in Fuel Biogas System Installer Martin Machinery System Enclosure Dedicated Shelter System Application Combined Heat and Power Number of Prime Movers 1 Stand-alone Capability None Power Rating 200 kW0.2 MW 200,000 W 200,000,000 mW 2.0e-4 GW 2.0e-7 TW Nominal Voltage (V) 480 Heat Recovery Rating (BTU/hr) 1366072 Cooling Capacity (Refrig/Tons) Origin of Controller 3rd Party Custom Made Component Integration Customer Assembled Start Date 2007/05/02 Monitoring Termination Date 2007/05/26

154

CHP Supported with Energy Efficiency Measures -- A Winning and Environmentally Sound Solution in Finland  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHP Supported with Energy Efficiency Measures - a Winning and Environmentally Sound Solution in Finland Erkki Hannunkari, IVO Technology Centre In the European Union Energy Progranunes, one of the most significant measures in reducing carbon... dioxides and other emissions is to build additional CHP teclmology. TIris will be implemented with measures to raise the energy efficiency. CHP technology is exceptionally widely used in Finland. At industrial sites, it accounts for more than in any...

Hannunkari, E.

155

The Effect of Vertical Upward Flow on Thermal Plumes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Effect of Vertical Upward Flow on Thermal Plumes The Effect of Vertical Upward Flow on Thermal Plumes Speaker(s): Pierre S. Farrugia Date: November 18, 2010 - 12:05pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: David Lorenzetti Thermal plumes have been widely investigated in a variety of scenarios, including natural convection and stratified environments. The resulting theory may be used to predict ventilation flow rates in, for example, natural and displacement ventilation, and under-floor air distribution (UFAD) systems. However, there has been little effort in investigating how uniform upward flows affect the plume velocity, rate of growth, and thermal profile. Such situations can arise if, for example, the diffusers of a UFAD system are evenly distributed. In order to study such situations, analytical expressions for the velocity and temperature profiles of a plume

156

State of Washington Clean Energy Opportunity: Technical Market Potential for CHP, August 2010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

White paper by the Northwest Clean Energy Application Center (NW CEAC) presents the technical market potential for CHP and waste heat recovery for power and heat

157

The International CHP/DHC Collaborative- Advancing Near-Term Low Carbon Technologies, July 2008  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Combined Heat and Power (CHP)/District Heat and Cooling (DHC) Country Scorecard of the United States along with Energy Overview

158

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: CHP GUIDE #1 - Q & A ON COMBINED...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CHP systems can combust propane, fuel oil, hydrogen, landfill or anaerobic digester gas--providing a hedge against rising natural gas costs. * Improved Indoor Air Quality...

159

Development and evaluation of a biomass-fired micro-scale CHP with organic rankine cycle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Combined Heat and Power Generation (CHP) or cogeneration has been considered worldwide as the major alternative to traditional energy systems in terms of signi ticant (more)

Shao, Yingjuan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Feasibility study and resource assessment for biomass CHP plant at sawmill facility.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Combined Heat and Power (CHP) technology to use woody biomass as a fuel has beensignificantly advancing in the past years, but the approach to analyze (more)

Guthula, Phani Kishor.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

DYNAMIC SIMULATION AND OPTIMAL REAL-TIME OPERATION OF CHP SYSTEMS FOR BUILDINGS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Combined Cooling, Heating, and Power (CHP) systems have been widely recognized as a key alternative for electric and thermal energy generation because of their outstanding (more)

Cho, Hee Jin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

A micro-COOLING, HEATING, AND POWER (m-CHP) INSTRUCTIONAL MODULE.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Cooling, Heating, and Power (CHP) is an emerging category of energy systems consisting of power generation equipment coupled with thermally activated components. The application of (more)

Oliver, Jason Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Data Collection and Analyses of the CHP System at Eastern Maine...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Carlton, San Francisco, August 2007 Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Resource Guide for Hospital Applications, 2007 Advanced Manufacturing Home Key Activities Research & Development...

164

Energy Portfolio Standards and the Promotion of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) White Paper, April 2009  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

EPA CHP Partnerships white paper provides information on energy portfolio standards and how they promote combined heat and power.

165

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Resource Guide for Hospital Applications, 2007  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Reference document of basic information for hospital managers when considering the application of combined heat and power (CHP) in the healthcare industry, specifically in hospitals

166

A unified model for slug flow in upward inclined pipes  

SciTech Connect

The effect of pipe inclination on upward two-phase slug flow characteristics has been studied both experimentally and theoretically. Experimental data were acquired for the entire range of inclination angles, from horizontal to vertical. New correlations were developed for slug length and liquid holdup in the slug body as a function of inclination angle. A unified model has been developed for the prediction of slug flow behavior in upward inclined pipes. Reasonable agreement is observed between the pressure drop predicted by the model and the experimental data.

Felizola, H.; Shoham, O. [Univ. of Tulsa, OK (United States). Petroleum Engineering Dept.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Preparation, characterization, and structural analyses of [Rh(chp)(NBD)]2 and [Rh(chp)(NBD)]2(PF6). Isolation of a paramagnetic d7-d8 binuclear radical and its d8-d8 precursor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Preparation, characterization, and structural analyses of [Rh(chp)(NBD)]2 and [Rh(chp)(NBD)]2(PF6). Isolation of a paramagnetic d7-d8 binuclear radical and its d8-d8 precursor ...

David C. Boyd; Robert. Szalapski; Kent R. Mann

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

New isomeric form of the "M2(OC5H3NCl)4" core: a polar arrangement of the four 6-chloro-2-hydroxypyridinato (chp) ligands in a chlorodiruthenium(II,III) complex, Ru2Cl(chp)4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New isomeric form of the "M2(OC5H3NCl)4" core: a polar arrangement of the four 6-chloro-2-hydroxypyridinato (chp) ligands in a chlorodiruthenium(II,III) complex, Ru2Cl(chp)4 ...

Akhil R. Chakravarty; F. Albert Cotton; Derek A. Tocher

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Vent sizing of cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) system under fire scenario considering emergency flooding measure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) can release large amounts of thermal energy and result in high temperature and pressure during runaway reactions. Calorimeters and related methodologies have been made for preventing runaway reactions of CHP. However, protective measures such as flooding and emergency relief system have not been studied intensively to protect CHP systems from runaway reactions of CHP. In this paper, vent sizing package 2 (VSP2) was used to study the runaway reactions of CHP in 12wt%, 28wt% and 48wt% concentration and CHP solution mixing with water under adiabatic and heat input conditions. Chemical systems according to runaway reaction of CHP in cumene have been identified as non tempered systems. However, tempering occurs at about 180C with pad pressure of 9bar in open cell tests after water addition. The Design Institute for Emergency Relief Systems (DIERS) methods were used to size the relief system of 120m3 reactor with 60t CHP solution content considering flooding. The required relief rate decreases significantly and the mass flow rate per unit flow area decreases slightly with the addition of water. So the vent diameter of reactors can be reduced when water has been added. The results show that the flooding and emergency relief system can be effective to protect 120m3 reactors from runaway reactions of CHP under fire scenario in the concentration around 28wt% or less. It is suggested that the relief system of CHP reactors should be sized properly considering fire scenario. If emergency flooding measure is involved for relief sizing, the measure must be credible. The volume of reactor and maximum concentration of CHP should be defined properly.

Feng Sun; Fan Zhang; Man-Ping Jin; Ning Shi; Wei Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

8/29/07BCB 444/544 F07 ISU Dobbs #5 -Dynamic Programming 1 Chp 3-Sequence Alignment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

8/29/07BCB 444/544 F07 ISU Dobbs #5 - Dynamic Programming 1 #12;Chp 3- Sequence Alignment SECTION II SEQUENCE ALIGNMENT Xiong: Chp 3 Pairwise Sequence Alignmentq g · Evolutionary Basis · Sequence

Schürmann, Michael

171

Thermodynamic Modeling and Analysis of the Ratio of Heat to Power Based on a Conceptual CHP System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The CHP system not only produces electrical energy, but also produces thermal energy. An extensive analysis of the CHP market reveals that one of the most important engineering characteristics is flexibility. A variable heat-to-power ratio has...

Liu, Z.; Li, X.; Liu, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172
173

Carbon Emissions Reduction Potential in the US Chemicals and Pulp and Paper Industries by Applying CHP Technologies, June 1999  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Assessment of the potential of CHP technologies to reduce carbon emissions in the US chemicals and pulp and paper industries.

174

Institute for Renewable Energy Ltd Preparation of a pilot biogas CHP plant integrated with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute for Renewable Energy Ltd Poland 1 Preparation of a pilot biogas CHP plant integrated on the preparation phase for a pilot investment in Koczala, Northern Poland, relating to an agricultural biogas CHP production and utilisation of agricultural biogas the project focused on BAT obtainable from various European

175

Filename: FVB Invo2 Forced 121061.CHP Probe Array Type: MG_U74Av2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

121061.CHP Probe Array Type: MG_U74Av2 Algorithm: Statistical Probe Pair Thr: 8 Controls: Antisense.13 ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Filename: FVB Invo2 Forced 121062.CHP Probe Array Type: MG_U74Av2 Algorithm: Statistical Probe Pair Thr: 8

Betz, William J.

176

EFFECT OF H2 PRODUCED THROUGH STEAM-METHANE REFORMING ON CHP PLANT EFFICIENCY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 EFFECT OF H2 PRODUCED THROUGH STEAM-METHANE REFORMING ON CHP PLANT EFFICIENCY O. Le Corre1 , C for a CHP plant based on spark ignition engine running under lean conditions. An overall auto combustion engine. The potential benefits of using H2 in spark ignition (SI) engines may be listed as follows

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

177

CHP: Enabling Resilient Energy Infrastructure for Critical Facilities- Report, March 2013  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Critical infrastructure (CI) collectively refers to those assets, systems, and networks that, if incapacitated, would have a substantial negative impact on national or regional security, economic operations, or public health and safety. This report provides information on the design and use of CHP for reliability purposes, as well as state and local policies designed to promote CHP in critical infrastructure applications.

178

Synergistic effects of 8-chlorocyclic-AMP and retinoic acid on induction of apoptosis in Ewing's sarcoma CHP-100 cells.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...antigen protein by cholesteryl pullulan (CHP) to CD8alpha+ dendritic cells in the draining...problem, we developed cholesteryl pullulan (CHP) as a delivery system for protein antigens...cancer vaccine containing the complex of CHP and protein antigen such as NY-ESO-1...

R K Srivastava; A R Srivastava; Y S Cho-Chung

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Evidence for separate substrate binding sites for hydrogen peroxide and cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) in the oxidation of ethanol by catalase  

SciTech Connect

The oxidation of ethanol by purified bovine liver catalase (Sigma, C-40) can be supported by H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ or by CHP. The time course of the H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ supported reaction (using glucose/glucose oxidase as the H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ source) was linear for at least one hr, whereas the rate of acetaldehyde formation in the CHP (4.2 mM) supported reaction decreased with time. When catalase was exposed o CHP for 5 min before the addition of ethanol, the rate of CHP supported ethanol oxidation was reduced by more than 90% compared to incubations where the addition of ethanol preceded that of CHP. In the CHP inhibited state, the peroxidative activity of catalase was not restored by further addition of CHP or ethanol; however, addition of fresh catalase yielded its expected activity. Significantly, the CHP inhibited enzyme was equally effective as the untreated enzyme in catalyzing (a) the oxidation of ethanol in the presence H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ supported peroxidative activity as well as catalytic activity by CHP inhibited catalase points to separate binding sites for H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ and CHP in this reaction. Alternatively, CHP may bind adjacent to a common peroxide active site, thereby sterically impeding the binding of CHP - but not of H/sub 2/O/sub 2/ - to this active site.

DeMaster, E.G.; Nagasawa,ss H.T.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Combined Heat and Power (CHP): Is It Right For Your Facility?  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Partnership with the US DOE Partnership with the US DOE Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Is It Right For Your Facility U.S. DOE Industrial Technologies Program Webcast Series May 14 th , 2009 John J. Cuttica Cliff Haefke 312/996-4382 312/355-3476 cuttica@uic.edu chaefk1@uic.edu In Partnership with the US DOE Mid Atlantic www.chpcenterma.org Midwest www.chpcentermw.org Pacific www.chpcenterpr.org Northwest Region www.chpcenternw.org Northeast www.northeastchp.org Intermountain www.IntermountainCHP.org Gulf Coast www.GulfCoastCHP.org Southeastern www.chpcenterse.org In Partnership with the US DOE CHP Decision Making Process Presented by Ted Bronson & Joe Orlando Webcast Series January 8, 2009 CHP Regional Application Centers Walkthrough STOP Average Costs Typical Performance Yes No Energy Rates Profiles

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Performance prediction of micro-CHP systems using simple virtual operating cycles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a general methodology to roughly estimate in advance the actual performance of ?-CHP (micro Combined Heat and Power) systems in one year of operation, by means of limited information on the CHP prime mover efficiency and emission factors in selected set points and by means of a simplified prediction model of the operating cycle. The carried out analysis has been applied to several market-available and under development ?-CHP units of different technologies (Internal Combustion Engines, Micro Gas Turbines, Organic Rankine Cycles, Stirling, Thermo Photo Voltaic, Fuel Cell), operated under a hypothetical virtual operating cycle. The virtual cycle is obtained in this paper on the basis of the year thermal demand of a domestic user, assuming thermal load following of the CHP system. The methodology can be generalized to different applications and different management logics of the CHP system.

M. Bianchi; A. De Pascale; F. Melino; A. Peretto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Uranium-carbon multiple-bond chemistry. 8. Reaction of tungsten hexacarbonyl with Cp3U:CHP(Ph)(R)(Me) to form (OC)5WC(OUCp3)CHP(Ph)(R)(Me) and its isomerization to Cp3UOCH:CHP(Ph)(R)CH2W(CO)5  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

8. Reaction of tungsten hexacarbonyl with Cp3U:CHP(Ph)(R)(Me) to form (OC)5WC(OUCp3)CHP(Ph)(R)(Me) and its isomerization to Cp3UOCH:CHP(Ph)(R)CH2W(CO)5 ...

Roger E. Cramer; Jong Hwa. Jeong; John W. Gilje

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Recent Developments in CHP Policy in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

28, 2013) 3. Environmental Protection Agency Combined Heat and Power Partnership. 2012. ?Basic Information.? Fact Sheet. http://www.epa.gov/chp/basic/index.html. (March 29, 2013) 4. Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 2008. ?Combined Heat and Power...://www.whitehouse.gov/the- press-office/2012/08/30/executive-order- accelerating-investment-industrial-energy- efficiency. (March 25, 2013) 6. SEE Action. 2013. ?Upcoming Events.? http://www1.eere.energy.gov/seeaction/events.ht ml. (March 28, 2013) 7. Seryak, John. 2012...

Farley, K.; Chittum, A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

A state, characteristics, and perspectives of the Czech combined heating and power (CHP) systems  

SciTech Connect

The combined production of electricity and heat is a significant method for saving primary energy sources like fossil fuels, as well as reducing the production of CO{sub 2} and its emission to the atmosphere. The paper discusses the total efficiency of combined heat and power generation (CHP), comparing various types of CHP plants. The paper then describes the situation in the Czech Republic with regard to their centralized heat supply. The author concludes that there is no simple way to rebuild the Czech CHP systems, and that it would be better to start construction on more modern plants. He lists several starting principles to follow in the planning and design stage.

Kadrnozka, J. [Technical Univ. of Brno (Czech Republic)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

185

Upward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global Warming: Theory and Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, including upward shifts in the ver- tical velocities and distributions of cloud water and ice as the seaUpward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global Warming: Theory and Simulations circulation of the atmosphere shift upward in response to warming in simu- lations of climate change with both

O'Gorman, Paul

186

Carbon emissions reduction potential in the US chemicals and pulp and paper industries by applying CHP technologies  

SciTech Connect

The chemical and the pulp/paper industries combined provide 55% of CHP generation in the US industry. Yet, significant potential for new CHP capacities exists in both industries. From the present steam consumption data, the authors estimate about 50 GW of additional technical potential for CHP in both industries. The reduced carbon emissions will be equivalent to 44% of the present carbon emissions in these industries. They find that most of the carbon emissions reductions can be achieved at negative costs. Depending on the assumptions used in calculations, the economic potential of CHP in these industries can be significantly lower, and carbon emissions mitigation costs can be much higher. Using sensitivity analyses, they determine that the largest effect on the CHP estimate have the assumptions in the costs of CHP technology, in the assumed discount rates, in improvements in efficiency of CHP technologies, and in the CHP equipment depreciation periods. Changes in fuel and electricity prices and the growth in the industries' steam demand have less of an effect. They conclude that the lowest carbon mitigation costs are achieved with the CHP facility is operated by the utility and when industrial company that owns the CHP unit can sell extra electricity and steam to the open wholesale market. Based on the results of the analyses they discuss policy implications.

Khrushch, M.; Worrell, E.; Price, L.; Martin, N.; Einstein, D.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Thermoeconomic analysis of a CHP system by iterative numerical techniques  

SciTech Connect

This paper deals with the determination of the thermoeconomic optimum conditions for a constant space heat load imposed on the air coil of a combined heating and power (CHP) system using iterative numerical techniques. From the thermodynamic relations and equations derived from the energy balance and heat exchanger characteristics, an objective function and constraining equations are obtained. A computer program is developed based on the Redlich-Kwong equation of state to estimate the thermodynamic properties of the refrigerant fluid R-22. Additional computer subroutines are developed to perform thermodynamic and thermoeconomic optimization. Optimum values of the operating variables are identified at thermodynamic and thermoeconomic optimum conditions. Results show that the total irreversibilities produced in the system and the cost of fuel consumption are minimum at thermodynamic optimum conditions, but the annual cost of owning and operating the system is minimum at the thermoeconomic optimum condition, which is 34% lower than at the thermodynamic optimum condition.

Damshala, P.R.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Targeted CHP Outreach in Selected Sectors of the Commercial Market, 2004  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report defines the opportunity for CHP in three specific commercial building market segments: Smaller Educational Facilities, Smaller Healthcare Facilities, and Data Centers/Server Farms/Telecom Switching Centers.

189

13 - Micro combined heat and power (CHP) systems for residential and small commercial buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: The principal market for micro-CHP is as a replacement for gas boilers in the 18 million or so existing homes in the UK currently provided with gas-fired central heating systems. In addition there are a significant number of potential applications of micro-CHP in small commercial and residential buildings. In order to gain the optimum benefit from micro-CHP, it is essential to ensure that an appropriate technology is selected to integrate with the energy systems of the building. This chapter describes the key characteristics of the leading micro-CHP technologies, external and internal combustion engines and fuel cells, and how these align with the relevant applications.

J. Harrison

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Modelling biomass-fuelled small-scale CHP plants for process synthesis optimisation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this work possible process improvements for biomass-fuelled small-scale combined heat and power (CHP) plants are evaluated and a new mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) (more)

Savola, Tuula

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Modelling Biomass-Fuelled Small-Scale CHP Plants for Process Synthesis Optimisation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this work possible process improvements for biomass-fuelled small-scale combined heat and power (CHP) plants are evaluated and a new mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) (more)

Savola, Tuula

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Translating Hardware Process Algebras into Standard Process Algebras: Illustration with CHP and LOTOS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A natural approach for the description of asynchronous hardware designs are hardware process algebras, such as Martins Chp (Communicating Hardware Processes), Tangram, or Balsa, which are extensi...

Gwen Salan; Wendelin Serwe

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Initial Market Assessment for Small-Scale Biomass-Based CHP  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to reexamine the energy generation market opportunities for biomass CHP applications smaller than 20 MW. This paper provides an overview of the benefits of and challenges for biomass CHP in terms of policy, including a discussion of the drivers behind, and constraints on, the biomass CHP market. The report provides a summary discussion of the available biomass supply types and technologies that could be used to feed the market. Two primary markets are outlined--rural/agricultural and urban--for small-scale biomass CHP, and illustrate the primary intersections of supply and demand for those markets. The paper concludes by summarizing the potential markets and suggests next steps for identifying and utilizing small-scale biomass.

Brown, E.; Mann, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Network Capacity Assessment of CHP-based Distributed Generation on Urban Energy Distribution Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The combined heat and power (CHP)-based distributed generation (DG) or dis-tributed energy resources (DERs) are mature options available in the present energy mar-ket, considered to (more)

Zhang, Xianjun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Low-Cost Packaged CHP System with Reduced Emissions - Fact Sheet...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

system for a CHP project less than 1 megawatt (MW) in size. Low-Cost Packaged Combined Heat and Power System with Reduced Emissions More Documents & Publications Low-Cost...

196

Harbec Plastics: 750kW CHP Application - Project Profile | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Application - Project Profile This case study profiles Harbec Plastics' 750kW combined heat and power (CHP) project in Ontario, New York to improve plant-wide energy...

197

CHP Integrated with Packaged Boilers- Presentation by CMCE, Inc., June 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation on CHP Integrated with Packaged Boilers, given by Carlo Castaldini of CMCE, Inc., at the U.S. DOE Industrial Distributed Energy Portfolio Review Meeting in Washington, D.C. on June 1-2, 2011.

198

A Management Tool for Analyzing CHP Natural Gas Liquids Recovery System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this research is to develop a management tool for analyzing combined heat and power (CHP) natural gas liquids (NGL) recovery systems. The methodology is developed around the central ideas of product recovery, possible recovery...

Olsen, C.; Kozman, T. A.; Lee, J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Screening of CHP Potential at Federal Sites in Select Regions of the U.S.  

SciTech Connect

Combined Cooling Heat and Power (CHP) is a master term for onsite power generation technologies that sequentially produce electrical or mechanical energy and useful thermal energy. Some form of CHP has existed for more than 100 years and it is now achieving a greater level of acceptance due to an increasing need for reliable power service and energy cost management. Capturing and using the heat produced as a byproduct of generating electricity from fuel sources increases the usable energy that can be obtained from the original fuel source. CHP technologies have the potential to reduce energy consumption through increased efficiency--decreasing energy bills as well as pollution. The EPA recognizes CHP as a potent climate change mitigation measure. The U.S. Department of Energy (D.O.E.) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) is assisting Federal agencies to realize their energy efficiency goals. CHP is an efficiency measure that is receiving growing attention because of its sizable potential to provide efficiency, environmental, and reliability benefits. CHP therefore benefits the host facility, the electric infrastructure, and the U.S. society as a whole. This report and study seeks to make a preliminary inquiry into near term CHP opportunities for federal facilities in selected U.S. regions. It offers to help focus the attention of policy makers and energy facility managers on good candidate facilities for CHP. First, a ranked list of high potential individual sites is identified. Then, several classes of federal facilities are identified for the multiple opportunities they offer as a class. Recommendations are then offered for appropriate next steps for the evaluation and cost effective implementation of CHP. This study was designed to ultimately rank federal facilities in terms of their potential to take advantage of CHP economic and external savings in the near term. In order to best serve the purposes of this study, projections have been expressed in terms of sizing CHP to thermal and electrical estimates. The table below is a summary of findings of CHP potential for those federal facilities that chose to participate in the screening process. The study focused on three U.S. regions: California, Texas, and New York/New England. All federal facilities in these three regions with reported building space greater than 100,000 square feet were initial targets to contact and offer CHP screening services. Ranking criteria were developed to screen sites for near term CHP potential. The potential site list was pared down for a variety of reasons including site- specific and agency wide decisions not to participate, desk audit assessments, and untraceable contact information. The results are based upon the voluntary participation of those sites we were able to contact, so they reflect a fraction of the total potential CHP opportunities at federal government facilities.

Energy Nexus Group, . .

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

200

Evaluation of performance of combined heat and power systems with dual power generation units (D-CHP).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In this research, a new combined heat and power (CHP) system configuration has been proposed that uses two power generation units (PGU) operating simultaneously (more)

Knizley, Alta Alyce

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Combined Heat and Power: A Vision for the Future of CHP in the United States in 2020, June 1999  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report is a summary document based on discussions at the CHP Vision Workshop held in Washington, DC, June 8-9, 1999

202

U.S. CHP Installations Incorporating Thermal Energy Storage (TES) and/or Turbine Inlet Cooling (TIC), September 2003  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Chart of Database of U.S. CHP Installations Incorporating Thermal Energy Storage (TES) and/or Turbine Inlet Cooling (TIC)

203

Guide to Developing Air-Cooled Lithium Bromide (LiBr) Absorption for CHP Applications, April 2005  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Development status of air-cooled lithium bromide (LiBr)-water absorption chillers for cooling, heating, and power (CHP) system applications in light-commercial buildings.

204

May 2, 2007 2:20 World Scientific Review Volume -9in x 6in chp2DecentralizedWLANResourceManagementfinal A Framework for Decentralized Wireless LAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 2, 2007 2:20 World Scientific Review Volume - 9in x 6in chp2Decentralized 6in chp2DecentralizedWLANResourceManagementfinal 2 J. Xie, I. Howitt, and A. Raja 1.1. Introduction

Raja, Anita

205

CHP REGIONAL APPLICATION CENTERS: A PRELIMINARY INVENTORY OF ACTIVITIES AND SELECTED RESULTS  

SciTech Connect

Eight Regional CHP Application Centers (RACs) are funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to facilitate the development and deployment of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) technologies in all 50 states. The RACs build end-user awareness by providing CHP-related information to targeted markets through education and outreach; they work with the states and regulators to encourage the creation and adoption of favorable public policies; and they provide CHP users and prospective users with technical assistance and support on specific projects. The RACs were started by DOE as a pilot program in 2001 to support the National CHP Roadmap developed by industry to accelerate deployment of energy efficient CHP technologies (U.S. Combined Heat and Power Association 2001). The intent was to foster a regional presence to build market awareness, address policy issues, and facilitate project development. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has supported DOE with the RAC program since its inception. In 2007, ORNL led a cooperative effort involving DOE and some CHP industry stakeholders to establish quantitative metrics for measuring the RACs accomplishments. This effort incorporated the use of logic models to define and describe key RAC activities, outputs, and outcomes. Based on this detailed examination of RAC operations, potential metrics were identified associated with the various key sectors addressed by the RACs: policy makers; regulatory agencies; investor owned utilities; municipal and cooperative utilities; financiers; developers; and end users. The final product was reviewed by a panel of representatives from DOE, ORNL, RACs, and the private sector. The metrics developed through this effort focus on major RAC activities as well as on CHP installations and related outcomes. All eight RACs were contacted in August 2008 and asked to provide data for every year of Center operations for those metrics on which they kept records. In addition, data on CHP installations and related outcomes were obtained from an existing DOE-supported data base. The information provided on the individual RACs was summed to yield totals for all the Centers combined for each relevant item.

Schweitzer, Martin [ORNL

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Preliminary Investigations on a Test Bench for Integrated Micro-CHP Energy Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Micro-CHP (Combined Heat and Power) energy systems are potentially suitable for residential and tertiary utilities, typically characterized by low-grade heat demand and limited electric-to-thermal energy demand ratio values. Different innovative and under development CHP technologies are currently investigated in small scale units, but a standard has not been identified till now. Moreover, depending on the load request, the produced electricity can be used, stored in electric accumulator or in the external net, or integrated with other external sources. Contextually, the available heat can be used, accumulated inside the system or dissipated. The actual convenience of small size CHP systems depends on the demand profiles and the operation management logic. A test facility is being developed, at the University of Bologna, for the experimental characterization of the cogenerative performance of small scale hybrid power systems, composed of micro-CHP systems of different technologies (such as Organic Rankine Cycles and Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells), a battery and a heat recovery subsystem. The test set-up is also integrated with an external load simulator, in order to generate variable load profiles. This report describes the main characteristics of the implemented test bench, the selection procedure of the adopted micro-CHP unit and expected performance.

Michele Bianchi; Lisa Branchini; Andrea De Pascale; Francesco Melino; Antonio Peretto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Supervisory Feed-Forward Control for Real-Time Topping Cycle CHP Operation  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an energy dispatch algorithm for real-time topping cycle Cooling, Heating, and Power (CHP) operation for buildings with the objective of minimizing the operational cost, primary energy consumption (PEC), or carbon dioxide emission (CDE). The algorithm features a supervisory feed-forward control for real-time CHP operation using short-term weather forecasting. The advantages of the proposed control scheme for CHP operation are (a) relatively simple and efficient implementation allowing realistic real-time operation , (b) optimized CHP operation with respect to operational cost, PEC, or CDE, and (c) increased site-energy consumption (SEC) resulting in less dependence on the electric grid. In the feed-forward portion of the control scheme, short-term electric, cooling, and heating loads are predicted using the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) benchmark small office building model. The results are encouraging regarding the potential saving of operational cost, PEC, and CDE from using the control system for a CHP system with electric and thermal energy storages.

Cho, Heejin; Luck, Rogelio; Chamra, Louay M.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Kenneth Arrow is the Joan Kenney Professor of Economics and Professor of Operations Research, emeritus; a CHP/PCOR fellow; and an FSI senior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, emeritus; a CHP/PCOR fellow; and an FSI senior fellow by courtesy. Arrow's work has been primarily

Klein, Ophir

209

Database (Report) of U.S. CHP Installations Incorporating Thermal Energy Storage (TES) and/or Turbine Inlet Cooling (TIC), 2004  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Development of a database, in Excel format, listing CHP installations incorporating thermal energy storage or turbine inlet cooling.

210

Report number ex. Ris-R-1234(EN) 1 Local CHP Plants between the Natural Gas and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distributed generation in Denmark. This paper deals with the CHP as intermediary between the natural gas of natural gas from the North Sea of which much is used for electricity and heat generation purposesReport number ex. Risø-R-1234(EN) 1 Local CHP Plants between the Natural Gas and Electricity

211

Expression of Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule-related Sialoglycoprotein in Small Cell Lung Cancer and Neuroblastoma Cell Lines H69 and CHP-212  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...delivery system of cholesteryl pullulan(CHP-HER2) Shigehisa Kitano Michiko Hirayama...Cholesteryl pullulan-HER2 protein complex (CHP-HER2) is a cancer vaccine with a novel...hydrophobized polysaccharides, pullulan (CHP) containing truncated recombinant HER2...

C. E. C. Kitty Moolenaar; Egbert J. Muller; Dick J. Schol; Carl G. Figdor; Elizabeth Bock; Dieter Bitter-Suermann; Rob J. A. M. Michalides

1990-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

212

Cellular and humoral immune responses in patients vaccinated with HER2 protein combined with a novel nanoparticle antigen delivery system of cholesteryl hydrophobized polysacharide(CHP-HER2)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...induction of apoptosis in Ewing's sarcoma CHP-100 cells The enhanced expression of the...inhibition and apoptosis in Ewing's sarcoma CHP-100 cells were evaluated. The inhibitory...induction of apoptosis in Ewing's sarcoma CHP-100 cells. | The enhanced expression...

Shigehisa Kitano; Shinichi Kageyama; Yasuhiro Nagata; Yoshihiro Miyahara; Atsunori Hiasa; Hiroaki Naota; Satoshi Okumura; Hiroshi Imai; Taizou Shiraishi; Masahiro Masuya; Masakatsu Nishikawa; Andrew M. Scott; Roger Murphy; Eric W. Hoffman; Lloyd J. Old; Hiroshi Shiku

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Balance of Plant Needs and Integration of Stack Components for Stationary Power and CHP Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Balance of Plant Needs and Balance of Plant Needs and Integration of Stack Components for Stationary Power and CHP Applications Applications Chris Ainscough P.E. Chief Engineer - PowerEdge Nuvera Fuel Cells cainscough@nuvera.com Background  Experience integrating systems based on fuel cells and reformers.  Applications include vehicles, combined heat and power (CHP), industrial plants, and forklifts. Who Needs Balance of Plant?  "...an electric generator that has no moving parts...This elegant device is called a fuel cell." Skerrett, P. J. "Fuel Cell Update." Popular Science. June 1993:89. print. No Moving Parts Except These  The typical fluid components in a PEM CHP system based on steam/methane reformer technology. (in red) SWITCH STACK PRV

214

Small Scale CHP and Fuel Cell Incentive Program (New Jersey) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Scale CHP and Fuel Cell Incentive Program (New Jersey) Small Scale CHP and Fuel Cell Incentive Program (New Jersey) Small Scale CHP and Fuel Cell Incentive Program (New Jersey) < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Wind Maximum Rebate Limits (% of cost) vary by system type, but the following limits also exist: NJCEP Incentive: $1 million Pay for Performance Bonus Incentive: $250,000 Utility Match: $1 million Overall Maximum: $2.25 million Program Info Funding Source New Jersey Societal Benefits Charge (public benefits fund) State New Jersey Program Type State Grant Program

215

Microsoft Word - NonProprietary DOE MicroCHP Final Report.doc  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Micro-CHP Systems for Residential Applications Micro-CHP Systems for Residential Applications Final Report June 2006 Prepared by United Technologies Research Center 411 Silver Lane East Hartford, CT 06108 Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Contract No. DE-FC26-04NT42217 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 Technical Contact: Timothy DeValve, Benoit Olsommer UTRC Micro-CHP Project Leaders (860) 610-7286, (860) 610-7463 devalvtd@utrc.utc.com, olsommbc@utrc.utc.com DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for

216

Mobile Gasification Units for Sustainable Electricity Production in Rural Areas: The SMARt-CHP Project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mobile Gasification Units for Sustainable Electricity Production in Rural Areas: The SMARt-CHP Project ... In this project, called SMARt-CHP, the biomass gasifier coupled to an internal combustion engine will be extensively used under real world conditions for combined heat and power production, using different types of residues (wine prunings, corn stalks, etc.) characteristic of agriculture in Northern Greece. ... The main aims of SMARt-CHP are to attempt to demonstrate how logistics and biomass availability problems can be addressed, to inform the general public about the particular environmental issues, concerns, and opportunities in decentralized bioenergy production from agricultural residues, and to promote the applicability of a mature technology, bridging the gap between technology development and application. ...

Anastasia A. Zabaniotou; Vasiliki K. Skoulou; Dimitris P. Mertzis; George S. Koufodimos; Zissis C. Samaras

2010-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

217

Investigating Methods of Heat Recovery from Low-Temperature PEM Fuel Cells in CHP Applications  

SciTech Connect

Heat recovery from low-temperature proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells poses a number of challenges. In response to these challenges, thermodynamic assessments of proposed heat recovery methods are studied in the context of combined heat and power (CHP) for building applications. Preheating combustion air in conjunction with desiccant dehumidification and absorption cooling technologies is one of the two strategies examined in this study. The other approach integrates the PEM fuel cell with a water-loop heat pump (WLHP) for direct heat recovery. As the primary objective, energy-saving potentials of the adopted heat recovery strategies are estimated with respect to various benchmarks. The quantified energy-saving potentials are translated into effective CHP performance indices and compared with those typically specified by the manufacturers for service hot water applications. The need for developing CHP performance protocols is also discussed in light of the proposed energy recovery techniques - thereby, accomplishing the secondary objective.

Jalalzadeh-Azar, A. A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

The optimal selection of on-site CHP systems through integrated sizing and operational strategy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Achievable outcomes of the combined heat and power (CHP) system applications are subject to several factors. In this study the value of integrated system sizing and operational strategy selection has been evaluated. This would facilitate maximum return on investment as well as reducing primary energy resource consumption and environmental impact. The required model improvements are identified and applied, which will encompass the transient characteristics of the CHP system components and their true operational constraints in a more realistic manner. In addition, the proposed methodology is generic enough to cover energy demand fluctuations of any existing manufacturing plant by aggregated data integration to guarantee improved on-site energy generation system outcomes. Finally the proposed methodology is applied to a pharmaceutical manufacturing plant. The results illustrate promising potential improvements in comparison with existing approaches for CHP system configurations.

P. Ghadimi; S. Kara; B. Kornfeld

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Upward-facing Lithium Flash Evaporator for NSTX-U  

SciTech Connect

NSTX plasma performance has been significantly enhanced by lithium conditioning [1]. To date, the lower divertor and passive plates have been conditioned by downward facing lithium evaporators (LITER) as appropriate for lower null plasmas. The higher power operation expected from NSTX-U requires double null plasma operation in order to distribute the heat flux between the upper and lower divertors making it desirable to coat the upper divertor region with Li as well. An upward aiming LITER (U-LITER) is presently under development and will be inserted into NSTX-U using a horizontal probe drive located in a 6" upper midplane port. In the retracted position the evaporator will be loaded with up to 300 mg of Li granules utilizing one of the calibrated NSTX Li powder droppers[2]. The evaporator will then be inserted into the vessel in a location within the shadow of the RF limiters and will remain in the vessel during the discharge. About 10 seconds before a discharge, it will be rapidly heated and the lithium completely evaporated onto the upper divertor, thus avoiding the complication of a shutter that prevents evaporation during the shot when the diagnostic shutters are open. The minimal time interval between the evaporation and the start of the discharge will avoid the passivation of the lithium by residual gases and enable the study of the conditioning effects of un-passivated Li surfaces [3]. Two methods are being investigated to accomplish the rapid (few second) heating of the lithium. A resistive method relies on passing a large current through a Li filled crucible. A second method requires using a 3 kW e-beam gun to heat the Li. In this paper the evaporator systems will be described and the pros and cons of each heating method will be discussed.

Roquemore, A. L.

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

220

Parallel electric fields in the upward current region of the aurora: Indirect and direct observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parallel electric fields in the upward current region of the aurora: Indirect and direct In this article we present electric field, magnetic field, and charged particle observations from the upward current region of the aurora focusing on the structure of electric fields at the boundary between

California at Berkeley, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Load control in low voltage level of the electricity grid using CHP appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as a Virtual Power Plant to the electricity grid. In this work we focus on different algorithms to control is centrally generated in large power plants and in which distribution means distribution from these power.g.c.bosman@utwente.nl Abstract--The introduction of µCHP (Combined Heat and Power) appliances and other means of distributed

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

222

Performance analysis of an integrated CHP system with thermal and Electric Energy Storage for residential application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is the evaluation of the profitability of micro-CHP systems for residential application. An integrated CHP system composed of a prime mover, an Electric Energy Storage system, a thermal storage system and an auxiliary boiler has been considered. The study has been carried out taking into account a particular electrochemical storage system which requires also thermal energy, during its operation, for a better exploitation of the residual heat discharged by the prime mover. The prime mover could be a conventional Internal Combustion Engine or also an innovative system, such as fuel cell or organic Rankine cycle. An investigation of this integrated CHP system has been carried out, by means of an in-house developed calculation code, performing a thermo-economic analysis. This paper provides useful results, in order to define the optimum sizing of components of the integrated CHP system under investigation; the developed code allows also to evaluate the profitability and the primary energy saving with respect to the separate production of electricity and heat.

M. Bianchi; A. De Pascale; F. Melino

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Technical and cost analyses of two different heat storage systems for residential micro-CHP plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The heat storage system represents a key component for micro-cogeneration plants since it permits to store the unused thermal energy during electricity production for a later use. Nevertheless, it also represents a consistent additional cost that has to be taken into account in order to evaluate the profitability of the micro-CHP system with respect to the separate generation. In this paper the results of a technical and of a cost analysis of two different types of thermal energy storage systems for residential micro-CHP plants are presented. Indeed, in the present work hot water thermal energy storage systems and latent heat thermal energy storage systems have been dimensioned for different micro-CHP systems producing electrical and thermal energy for two different buildings situated in Italy. For each analysed micro-CHP system an adequate thermal energy storage capacity is estimated on the basis of the operational logic and of the electric and thermal loads, and the sizing of the cylindrical tank and of the coil heat exchanger relative to both types of thermal energy storage systems is performed. Comparisons in terms of components cost between hot water thermal energy storage systems and latent heat thermal energy storage systems are performed as well.

L. Mongibello; M. Capezzuto; G. Graditi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Ultra Clean and Efficient Natural Gas Reciprocating Engine for CHP- Presentation by Dresser Waukesha, June 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation on Ultra Clean 1.1 MW High Efficiency Natural Gas Engine Powered CHP System, given by Jim Zurlo at the U.S. DOE Industrial Distributed Energy Portfolio Review Meeting in Washington, D.C. on June 1-2, 2011.

225

Stirling engines in generating heat and electricity for micro: CHP systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, an analysis of different generating heat and electricity systems with Stirling engine is made from the point of view of benefits and limitations, both operational and economic and environmental. Stirling engine has the ability to work ... Keywords: biomass, fossil fuels, generating heat and electricity system, m-CHP, stirling engine

Dan Scarpete; Krisztina Uzuneanu

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Gas Stirling engine ?CHP boiler experimental data driven model for building energy simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A dynamic model for the simulation of gas micro combined heat and power devices (?CHP boilers) has been developed in order to assess their energy performances. From a literature review and experimental investigations, the new model is designed with the aim of limiting the number of parameters which need to be easily accessible in order to be suitable with annual building energy simulations. At first, this paper focuses on the description of the ?CHP boiler which has been tested, on the development of the test bench and on the experimental results. Then, it focuses on the model description, on its parameterization and on its validation. The modelling approach is based on an energy balance on the device and on empirical expressions for the main inputs and outputs. The model characterizes the ?CHP boiler behaviour for different inlet water flow rates and temperatures. The dynamic phases with the start-up and cooling phases are taken into account. Finally, the models for the Stirling engine and the additional boiler are limited respectively to 28 and 24. Further experimental investigations led to simplify the ?CHP model from 28 to 17 parameters without reducing the accuracy.

J.-B. Bouvenot; B. Andlauer; P. Stabat; D. Marchio; B. Flament; B. Latour; M. Siroux

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Upward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global Warming: Theory and Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many features of the general circulation of the atmosphere shift upward in response to warming in simulations of climate change with both general circulation models (GCMs) and cloud-system-resolving models. The importance ...

Singh, Martin Simran

228

QUIZ 2 A ball with mass 2 kg is thrown upward with initial velocity ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A ball with mass 2 kg is thrown upward with initial velocity 100 m/s from the ground. Assume the air resistance is 0.2|v|. For simplicity, just assume that g = 10.

2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

229

Upward Gas-Liquid Flow in Concentric and Eccentric Annular Spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UPWARD GAS-LIQUID FLOW IN CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC ANNULAR SPACES A Thesis by PEDRO CAVALCANTI DE SOUSA Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... Copyright 2013 Pedro Cavalcanti de Sousa ii ABSTRACT A limited amount of work exists on upward gas-liquid flow in annular spaces. This is a common scenario in drilling operations, especially in underbalanced drilling, and in high-production wells...

Cavalcanti de Sousa, Pedro

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

230

Long-chain Ceramide Produced in Response to N-Hexanoylsphingosine does not Induce Apoptosis in CHP-100 Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been previously reported that treatment of CHP-100 human neuroepithelioma cells with N...-hexanoylsphingosine (C6-Cer) induces intracellular accumulation of long-chain ceramide (LC-Cer) and apoptosis. Here...

Adriano Mancinetti; Sabrina Di Bartolomeo; Angelo Spinedi

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Hybrid Solid Oxide Fuel Cell and Thermoelectric Generator for Maximum Power Output in Micro-CHP Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most obvious early market applications for thermoelectric generators (TEG) is decentralized micro combined heat and power (CHP) installations of 0.5kWe to 5 ... possible to increase the electricity pr...

L. A. Rosendahl; Paw V. Mortensen; Ali A. Enkeshafi

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Micro Cooling, Heating, and Power (Micro-CHP) and Bio-Fuel Center, Mississippi State University  

SciTech Connect

Initially, most micro-CHP systems will likely be designed as constant-power output or base-load systems. This implies that at some point the power requirement will not be met, or that the requirement will be exceeded. Realistically, both cases will occur within a 24-hour period. For example, in the United States, the base electrical load for the average home is approximately 2 kW while the peak electrical demand is slightly over 4 kW. If a 3 kWe micro- CHP system were installed in this situation, part of the time more energy will be provided than could be used and for a portion of the time more energy will be required than could be provided. Jalalzadeh-Azar [6] investigated this situation and presented a comparison of electrical- and thermal-load-following CHP systems. In his investigation he included in a parametric analysis addressing the influence of the subsystem efficiencies on the total primary energy consumption as well as an economic analysis of these systems. He found that an increase in the efficiencies of the on-site power generation and electrical equipment reduced the total monthly import of electricity. A methodology for calculating performance characteristics of different micro-CHP system components will be introduced in this article. Thermodynamic cycles are used to model each individual prime mover. The prime movers modeled in this article are a spark-ignition internal combustion engine (Otto cycle) and a diesel engine (Diesel cycle). Calculations for heat exchanger, absorption chiller, and boiler modeling are also presented. The individual component models are then linked together to calculate total system performance values. Performance characteristics that will be observed for each system include maximum fuel flow rate, total monthly fuel consumption, and system energy (electrical, thermal, and total) efficiencies. Also, whether or not both the required electrical and thermal loads can sufficiently be accounted for within the system specifications is observed. Case study data for various micro-CHP system configurations have been discussed and compared. Comparisons are made of the different prime mover/fuel combinations. Also, micro- CHP monthly energy cost results are compared for each system configuration to conventional monthly utility costs for equivalent monthly building power, heating, and cooling requirements.

Louay Chamra

2008-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

233

Research, Development and Demonstration of Micro-CHP System for Residential Applications  

SciTech Connect

ECR International and its joint venture company, Climate Energy, are at the forefront of the effort to deliver residential-scale combined heat and power (Micro-CHP) products to the USA market. Part of this substantial program is focused on the development of a new class of steam expanders that offers the potential for significantly lower costs for small-scale power generation technology. The heart of this technology is the scroll expander, a machine that has revolutionized the HVAC refrigerant compressor industry in the last 15 years. The liquid injected cogeneration (LIC) technology is at the core of the efforts described in this report, and remains an excellent option for low cost Micro-CHP systems. ECR has demonstrated in several prototype appliances that the concept for LIC can be made into a practical product. The continuing challenge is to identify economical scroll machine designs that will meet the performance and endurance requirements needed for a long life appliance application. This report describes the numerous advances made in this endeavor by ECR International. Several important advances are described in this report. Section 4 describes a marketing and economics study that integrates the technical performance of the LIC system with real-world climatic data and economic analysis to assess the practical impact that different factors have on the economic application of Micro-CHP in residential applications. Advances in the development of a working scroll steam expander are discussed in Section 5. A rigorous analytical assessment of the performance of scroll expanders, including the difficult to characterize impact of pocket to pocket flank leakage, is presented in Section 5.1. This is followed with an FEA study of the thermal and pressure induced deflections that would result from the normal operation of an advanced scroll expander. Section 6 describes the different scroll expanders and test fixtures developed during this effort. Another key technical challenge to the development of a long life LIC system is the development of a reliable and efficient steam generator. The steam generator and support equipment development is described in Section 7. Just one year ago, ECR International announced through its joint venture company, Climate Energy, that it was introducing to the USA market a new class of Micro-CHP product using the state-of-the-art Honda MCHP gas fired internal combustion (IC) engine platform. We now have installed Climate Energy Micro-CHP systems in 20 pilot demonstration sites for the 2005/2006 heating season. This breakthrough success with IC engine based systems paves the way for future advanced steam cycle Micro-CHP systems to be introduced.

Karl Mayer

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

234

Life Cycle Assessment of district heat production in a straw fired CHP plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Due to concerns about the sustainability of the energy sector, conversion of biomass to energy is increasing its hold globally. Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) is being adopted as an analytical tool to assess the environmental impacts in the entire cycle of biomass production and conversions to different products. This study deals with the LCIA of straw conversion to district heat in a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plant and in a district heating boiler (producing heat only). Environmental impact categories are Global Warming Potential (GWP), Acidification Potential (AP), aquatic and terrestrial Eutrophication Potential (EP) and Non-Renewable Energy (NRE) use. In the case of CHP, the co-produced electricity is assumed to displace the marginal Danish electricity mix. The current study showed that straw fired in the CHP plant would lead to a GWP of ?187gCO2-eq, AP 0.01m2UES (un-protected ecosystem), aquatic EP 0.16gNO3-eq, terrestrial EP 0.008m2UES, and NRE use ?0.14MJ-primary per 1MJ heat production. Straw conversion to heat in the CHP plant showed better environmental performances compared to the district heating boiler. Furthermore, removing straw from the field is related to the consequence e.g. decline in soil carbon sequestration, limiting soil nutrient availability, and when compared with natural gas the conversion of straw to heat would lead to a higher aquatic and terrestrial EP and AP. The study also outlays spaces for the detail sustainability assessment of straw conversion in a biorefinery and compare with the current study.

Ranjan Parajuli; Sren Lkke; Poul Alberg stergaard; Marie Trydeman Knudsen; Jannick H. Schmidt?; Tommy Dalgaard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Charging of the Experimental High Temperature BTES Via CHP Unit - Early Results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A new, experimental borehole thermal energy storage (BTES) has been constructed in Paskov, Czech Republic. The storage consists of 16 energy boreholes performed to the depth of 60 m. In the boreholes the excessive waste heat from the CHP unit is stored. In this paper the BTES design and results of the rock environment response to the BTES charging and resting phase are briefly presented.

David Grycz; Petr Hemza; Zdenek Rozehnal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER Keck School of Medicine of USC 1540 Alcazar Street, CHP Suite 236, Los Angeles, CA 90033 TEL (323) 442-1096 FAX (323) 442-3272  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alcazar Street, CHP Suite 236, Los Angeles, CA 90033 TEL (323) 442-1096 FAX (323) 442-3272 University Alcazar Street, CHP 236, Los Angeles, CA 90033, or email to csutton@usc.edu. Please, no paper copies

Zhang, Li I.

237

1540 Alcazar St., CHP 155, Los Angeles, CA 90089-9006 Tel.: 323-442-2900 Fax: 323-442-1515 www.usc.edu/pt The comprehensive mission of the Division is to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(over) 1540 Alcazar St., CHP 155, Los Angeles, CA 90089-9006 Tel.: 323-442-2900 Fax: 323 St., CHP 155, Los Angeles, CA 90089-9006 Tel.: 323-442-2900 Fax: 323-442-1515 www

Valero-Cuevas, Francisco

238

Parallel electric fields in the upward current region of the aurora: Numerical solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parallel electric fields in the upward current region of the aurora: Numerical solutions R. E Direct observations of the parallel electric field by the Fast Auroral Snapshot satellite and the Polar of the properties of the observed electric fields, electron distributions, and ion distributions. The solutions

California at Berkeley, University of

239

Sources of biogenic methane to form marine gas hydrates: In situ production or upward migration?  

SciTech Connect

Potential sources of biogenic methane in the Carolina Continental Rise -- Blake Ridge sediments have been examined. Two models were used to estimate the potential for biogenic methane production: (1) construction of sedimentary organic carbon budgets, and (2) depth extrapolation of modern microbial production rates. While closed-system estimates predict some gas hydrate formation, it is unlikely that >3% of the sediment volume could be filled by hydrate from methane produced in situ. Formation of greater amounts requires migration of methane from the underlying continental rise sediment prism. Methane may be recycled from below the base of the gas hydrate stability zone by gas hydrate decomposition, upward migration of the methane gas, and recrystallization of gas hydrate within the overlying stability zone. Methane bubbles may also form in the sediment column below the depth of gas hydrate stability because the methane saturation concentration of the pore fluids decreases with increasing depth. Upward migration of methane bubbles from these deeper sediments can add methane to the hydrate stability zone. From these models it appears that recycling and upward migration of methane is essential in forming significant gas hydrate concentrations. In addition, the depth distribution profiles of methane hydrate will differ if the majority of the methane has migrated upward rather than having been produced in situ.

Paull, C.K.; Ussler, W. III; Borowski, W.S.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

UPWARD MOVEMENT OF PLUTONIUM TO SURFACE SEDIMENTS DURING AN 11-YEAR FIELD STUDY  

SciTech Connect

An 11-y lysimeter study was established to monitor the movement of Pu through vadose zone sediments. Sediment Pu concentrations as a function of depth indicated that some Pu moved upward from the buried source material. Subsequent numerical modeling suggested that the upward movement was largely the result of invading grasses taking up the Pu and translocating it upward. The objective of this study was to determine if the Pu of surface sediments originated from atmosphere fallout or from the buried lysimeter source material (weapons-grade Pu), providing additional evidence that plants were involved in the upward migration of Pu. The {sup 240}Pu/{sup 239}Pu and {sup 242}Pu/{sup 239}Pu atomic fraction ratios of the lysimeter surface sediments, as determined by Thermal Ionization Mass Spectroscopy (TIMS), were 0.063 and 0.00045, respectively; consistent with the signatures of the weapons-grade Pu. Our numerical simulations indicate that because plants create a large water flux, small concentrations over multiple years may result in a measurable accumulation of Pu on the ground surface. These results may have implications on the conceptual model for calculating risk associated with long-term stewardship and monitored natural attenuation management of Pu contaminated subsurface and surface sediments.

Kaplan, D.; Beals, D.; Cadieux, J.; Halverson, J.

2010-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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241

Physical mechanism and numerical simulation of the inception of the lightning upward leader  

SciTech Connect

The upward leader is a key physical process of the leader progression model of lightning shielding. The inception mechanism and criterion of the upward leader need further understanding and clarification. Based on leader discharge theory, this paper proposes the critical electric field intensity of the stable upward leader (CEFISUL) and characterizes it by the valve electric field intensity on the conductor surface, E{sub L}, which is the basis of a new inception criterion for the upward leader. Through numerical simulation under various physical conditions, we verified that E{sub L} is mainly related to the conductor radius, and data fitting yields the mathematical expression of E{sub L}. We further establish a computational model for lightning shielding performance of the transmission lines based on the proposed CEFISUL criterion, which reproduces the shielding failure rate of typical UHV transmission lines. The model-based calculation results agree well with the statistical data from on-site operations, which show the effectiveness and validity of the CEFISUL criterion.

Li Qingmin [Beijing Key Lab of High Voltage and EMC, School of Electric and Electronic Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China) and State Key Lab of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Lu Xinchang; Shi Wei; Zhang Li; Zou Liang; Lou Jie [Shandong Provincial Key Lab of UHV Technology and Gas Discharge, School of Electrical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

242

Intensity of Upward Muon Flux Due to Cosmic-Ray Neutrinos Produced in the Atmosphere  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Calculations were performed to determine the upward going muon flux leaving the earth's surface after production by cosmic-ray neutrinos in the crust. Only neutrinos produced in the earth's atmosphere are considered. Rates of the order of one per 100 sq m/day might be expected if an intermediate boson exists and has a mass less than 2 Bev. (auth)

Lee, T. D.; Robinson, H.; Schwartz, M.; Cool, R.

1963-06-00T23:59:59.000Z

243

Exergy and exergoeconomic analysis and optimisation of diesel engine based Combined Heat and Power (CHP) system using genetic algorithm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present study, a diesel engine based Combined Heat and Power (CHP) system is optimised using exergoeconomic concept and genetic algorithm. For this purpose, the CHP system is first thermodynamically analysed through energy and exergy. Then cost balances and auxiliary equations are applied to subsystems. Finally an objective function representing fuel cost, cost of exergy loss and destruction and purchase and maintenance cost of the system components is considered for the optimisation study. Furthermore the above procedure is applied for a case study that produces 277 kW of electricity and 282 kW of heat. Also exergetic and exergoeconomic parameters are calculated in optimum case and compared with the base case. The results show that by applying the optimisation approach for our case study, 8.02% reduction in objective function is achieved which is might be considerable in CHP systems optimisation.

Farzad Mohammadkhani; Shahram Khalilarya; Iraj Mirzaee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

High gradient magnetic beneficiation of dry pulverized coal via upwardly directed recirculating fluidization  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to an improved device and method for the high gradient magnetic beneficiation of dry pulverized coal, for the purpose of removing sulfur and ash from the coal whereby the product is a dry environmentally acceptable, low-sulfur fuel. The process involves upwardly directed recirculating air fluidization of selectively sized powdered coal in a separator having sections of increasing diameters in the direction of air flow, with magnetic field and flow rates chosen for optimum separations depending upon particulate size.

Eissenberg, David M. (Oak Ridge, TN); Liu, Yin-An (Opelika, AL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

EFFECTS ON CHP PLANT EFFICIENCY OF H2 PRODUCTION THROUGH PARTIAL OXYDATION OF NATURAL GAS OVER TWO GROUP VIII METAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EFFECTS ON CHP PLANT EFFICIENCY OF H2 PRODUCTION THROUGH PARTIAL OXYDATION OF NATURAL GAS OVER TWO with natural gas in spark ignition engines can increase for electric efficiency. In-situ H23 production for spark ignition engines fuelled by natural gas has therefore been investigated recently, and4 reformed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

246

Islanded house operation using a micro CHP Albert Molderink, Vincent Bakker, Johann L. Hurink, Gerard J.M. Smit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

high-efficiency boiler producing next to heat also electricity with a comparable overall efficiency high-efficiency boiler. It produces not only heat but also electricity with an overall effi- ciency comparable to a high-efficiency boiler. For an easier market introduction, producers of µCHP appliances

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

247

Performance of a solid oxide fuel cell CHP system coupled with a hot water storage tank for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance of a solid oxide fuel cell CHP system coupled with a hot water storage tank for single storage tank is studied. Thermal stratification in the tank increases the heat recovery performance of the residence. Two fuels are considered, namely syngas and natural gas. The tank model considers the temperature

Berning, Torsten

248

Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO, and VOC Emissions- Presentation by the Gas Technology Institute (GTI), June 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation on Flexible CHP System with Low NOx, CO, and VOC Emissions, given by David Cygan of the Gas Technology Institute, at the U.S. DOE Industrial Distributed Energy Portfolio Review Meeting in Washington, D.C. on June 1-2, 2011.

249

Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry- Presentation by Frito-Lay North America, June 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation on Combustion Turbine CHP System for Food Processing Industry, given by Kevin Chilcoat of Frito-Lay North America, at the U.S. DOE Industrial Distributed Energy Portfolio Review Meeting in Washington, D.C. on June 1-2, 2011.

250

Op%mal Scheduling of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Plants1 under Time-sensi%ve Electricity Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Op%mal Scheduling of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Plants1 under Time. Combined heat and power genera%on plants are also called co-genera%on plants. #12. #12;Facing the challenge of variability, the power grid is in transi

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

251

Economic analysis of a supercritical coal-fired CHP plant integrated with an absorption carbon capture installation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Energy investments in Poland are currently focused on supercritical coal-fired unit technology. It is likely, that in the future, these units are to be integrated with carbon capture and storage (CCS) installations, which enable a significant reduction of greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. A significant share of the energy market in Poland is constituted by coal-fired combined heat and power (CHP) plants. The integration of these units with CCS installation can be economically inefficient. However, the lack of such integration enhances the investment risk due to the possibility of appearing on the market in the near future high prices of emission allowances. The aforementioned factors and additional favorable conditions for the development of cogeneration can cause one to consider investing in large supercritical CHP plants. This paper presents the results of an economic analysis aimed at comparing three cases of CHP plants, one without an integrated CCS installation and two with such installations. The same steam cycle structure for all variants was adopted. The cases of integrated CHP plants differ from each other in the manner in which they recover heat. For the evaluation of the respective solutions, the break-even price of electricity and avoided emission cost were used.

?ukasz Bartela; Anna Skorek-Osikowska; Janusz Kotowicz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Modelling Danish local CHP on market conditions 1 IAEE European Conference: Modelling in Energy Economics and Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modelling Danish local CHP on market conditions 1 6th IAEE European Conference: Modelling in Energy been a significant growth of wind power, particularly in the Western Danish system. As both the power produced by the local CHPs and the wind power are prioritised, the production of these types of power

253

Preparation and structural characterization of Os2Cl4(chp)2(L) (chp = 6-chloro-2-hydroxypridinato; L = water, pyridine): a new class of M2X4(LL)2 complexes possessing an eclipsed conformation where LL is a substituted hydroxypyridinato ligand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Preparation and structural characterization of Os2Cl4(chp)2(L) (chp = 6-chloro-2-hydroxypridinato; L = water, pyridine): a new class of M2X4(LL)2 complexes possessing an eclipsed conformation where LL is a substituted hydroxypyridinato ligand ...

F. Albert Cotton; Kim R. Dunbar; Marek Matusz

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Improving a Pre-Combustion CCS Concept in Gas Turbine Combined Cycle for CHP Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper describes modifications to improve the feasibility of a pre-combustion CCS concept for a gas turbine combined cycle. A natural gas-fired greenfield combined heat and power (CHP) plant equipped with pre-combustion capture was used as a base case, for which various improvement options were identified, assessed and selected. The base case was modified using the selected improvement options, after which the investment costs were re-evaluated. The results showed that the investment cost can be reduced with 8% by excluding the pre-reformer and the low temperature water-gas-shift reactor from the reforming process. The exclusion of the pre-reformer did not affect the performance of the plant, but the exclusion of the low temperature water-gas-shift reactor led to higher CO2 emissions.

Marjut S. Suomalainen; Antti Arasto; Sebastian Teir; Sari Siitonen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Economic, energy and GHG emissions performance evaluation of a WhisperGen Mk IV Stirling engine ?-CHP unit in a domestic dwelling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents an assessment of the energy, economic and greenhouse gas emissions performances of a WhisperGen Mk IV Stirling engine ?-CHP unit for use in a conventional house in the Republic of Ireland. The energy performance data used in this study was obtained from a field trial carried out in Belfast, Northern Ireland during the period June 2004July 2005 by Northern Ireland Electricity and Phoenix Gas working in collaboration with Whispertech UK. A comparative performance analysis between the ?-CHP unit and a condensing gas boiler revealed that the ?-CHP unit resulted in an annual cost saving of 180 with an incremental simple payback period of 13.8years when compared to a condensing gas boiler. Electricity imported from the grid decreased by 20.8% while CO2 emissions decreased by 16.1%. The ?-CHP unit used 2889kWh of gas more than the condensing gas boiler.

G. Conroy; A. Duffy; L.M. Ayompe

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Dynamic model based on experimental investigations of a wood pellet steam engine micro CHP for building energy simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A wood pellet micro combined heat and power device (?CHP) has been tested in order to characterize its performances in steady and transient states. A dynamic model based on these experimental investigations has been developed in order to predict its energy performances and its pollutant emissions. The model is designed with a few parameters experimentally accessible. This model has been implemented in TRNSYS numerical environment. This work focuses on the experimental investigations and on the model description. The modelling approach is based on a physical part (an energy balance on the entire device and a combustion model), and on an empirical part (correlations for the fuel power input and for the thermal and electrical outputs). The model characterizes the ?CHP behaviour for different part load ratios (PLR) (power modulation). The dynamic phases with start-up and cooling phases are also taken into account.

Jean-Baptiste Bouvenot; Benjamin Latour; Monica Siroux; Bernard Flament; Pascal Stabat; Dominique Marchio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Development of a micro-cogeneration laboratory and testing of a natural gas CHP unit based on PEM fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work discusses the design and the development of a Laboratory of Micro-Cogeneration (LMC) atPolitecnico di Milano. The LMC laboratory is a unique structure devoted to small-scale power generation, with the main goals of testing and improving the performance of systems that produce or utilize electric and thermal (hot and/or cold) power in a very general sense, spanning from combined heat and power (CHP) units to heaters, from absorption chillers to heat pumps, but also able to perform tests on fuel processors and electrolyzers. The laboratory features a supply of natural gas as well as H2 and O2 from a high pressure electrolyzer and of CO, CO2 and N2 from bottles, permitting to carry out experiments with simulated synthesis fuels. The maximum allowable electrical power produced, exported to the grid or to an electronic loadbank, or consumed by the system under test is 100kW; maximum allowable thermal power is roughly 200kW with variable temperature water circuits (from chilled water up to a 150C at 8bar superheated water loop). This work outlines also the instruments used for on-line recording of thermodynamic properties, emissions and power, aiming at monitoring and reconstructing mass and energy balances. One of the first experimental campaign has been carried out on a CHP system based on polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEM), a promising candidate for distributed CHP thanks to low pollutant emissions and good efficiency, rapid startup and flexibility, although affected by a rather complex fuel processing section to provide the appropriate fuel to the PEM. This work presents the experimental analysis of a 20kW prototype PEM CHP system complete of natural gas processor. The prototype is operated at LMC to characterize the processing section and the thermodynamic performances of the overall system. Despite its non-optimized layout, the unit has shown encouraging total efficiency (76%) and primary energy saving index (6%).

S. Campanari; G. Valenti; E. Macchi; G. Lozza; N. Ravid

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

?-? Rearrangement of vinylphosphonium ligand in the coordination sphere of manganese, the crystal and molecular structure of [?5-C5H5(CO)2Mn(?2-PhHc=CHP+Ph3]Cl?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By the x-ray diffraction analysis method we established the structure of [Cp(CO)2Mn (?-PhHC=CHP+Ph3)]Cl?.

N. E. Kolobova; O. M. Khitrova

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Similarity solutions and applications to turbulent upward flame spread on noncharring materials  

SciTech Connect

The primary achievement in this work has been the discovery that turbulent upward flame spread on noncharring materials (for pyrolysis lengths less than 1.8m) can be directly predicted by using measurable flammability parameters. These parameters are: a characteristic length scale which is proportional to a turbulent combustion and mixing related length scale parameter ({dot q}{double_prime}{sub net}({Delta}H{sub c}/{Delta}H{sub v})){sup 2}, a pyrolysis or ignition time {tau}{sub p}, and a parameter which determines the transient pyrolysis history of a non-charring material: {lambda} = L/c{Delta}T{sub p} = ratio of the latent heat to the sensible heat of the pyrolysis temperature of the material. In the length scale parameter, {dot q}{double_prime}{sub net} is the total net heat flux from the flames to the wall (i.e., total heat flux minus reradiation losses), {Delta}H{sub c} is the heat of combustion and {Delta}H{sub v} is an effective heat of gasification for the material. The pyrolysis or ignition time depends (for thermally thick conditions) on the material thermal inertia, the pyrolysis temperature, and the total heat flux from the flames to the wall, {dot q}{double_prime}{sub fw}. The present discovery was made possible by using both a numerical simulation, developed earlier, and exact similarity solutions, which are developed in this work. The predictions of the analysis have been validated by comparison with upward flame spread experiments on PMMA.

Delichatsios, M.A.; Delichatsios, M.; Chen, Y. [Factory Mutual Research Corporation, Norwood, MA (United States)] [Factory Mutual Research Corporation, Norwood, MA (United States); Hasemi, Y. [Ministry of Construction, Tsukuba (Japan). Building Research Inst.] [Ministry of Construction, Tsukuba (Japan). Building Research Inst.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Heavy fuel oil fired CHP plant -- Impact on environment: Case Germany  

SciTech Connect

In 1995 Waertsilae NSD Finland Oy got the order to build a 14 MWe CHP (simultaneous heat and power) diesel power plant for Cerestar GMBH in Germany. The order consisted of a complete delivery, installation and commissioning of the fuel treatment system, the diesel engine with alternator, the process control system, the exhaust gas cleaning system (SCR and DESOX) and the heat recovery system. The factory producing starch is situated in the city of Krefeld close to Dusseldorf. The process integration of the diesel power plant into the existing factory was done in a close cooperation between the client and Waertsilae and the result is a CHP-plant suiting well into the existing factory. The diesel power plant went into operation in January 1996. The operating experience has been very encouraging, the annual running time is above 8,000 h and by the end of December 1997 about 16,300 running hours had been accumulated. The power plant is fulfilling the strict TA-LUFT emission limits and even half TA-LUFT values regarding NO{sub x} and SO{sub x}. The measured total efficiency of the power plant is above 90%. The choice of the most economical DESOX-method is dependent on several factors: investment and running cost, plant size, environmental legislation requirements, commercially available heavy fuel oil brands, etc. In small diesel plants the NaOH-scrubber is the most competitive desulfurization (DESOX) method, due to the lower investment cost compared to other DESOX-systems. A wet NaOH scrubbers system is installed. The used reagent is an about 50 wt-% aqueous NaOH solution. Low SO{sub x}-emissions of the flue gas is easily achieved by adjusting the pH of the scrubber liquid. The dissolved salt in the generated liquid end-product consists mainly of Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4}, due to the high oxygen content of the diesel flue gas. Running experiences have shown that the installed wet NaOH scrubber is easy to operate and suits the factory in Krefeld well.

Boij, J.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Australian coal mine methane emissions mitigation potential using a Stirling engine-based CHP system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Methane, a major contributor to global warming, is a greenhouse gas emitted from coal mines. Abundance of coal mines and consequently a considerable amount of methane emission requires drastic measures to mitigate harmful effects of coal mining on the environment. One of the commonly adopted methods is to use emitted methane to fuel power generation systems; however, instability of fuel sources hinders the development of systems using conventional prime movers. To address this, application of Stirling engines may be considered. Here, we develop a techno-economic methodology for conducting an optimisation-based feasibility study on the application of Stirling engines as the prime movers of coal mine CHP systems from an economic and an environmental point of view. To examine the impact of environmental policies on the economics of the system, the two commonly implemented ones (i.e. a carbon tax and emissions trading scheme) are considered. The methodology was applied to a local coal mine. The results indicate that incorporating the modelled system not only leads to a substantial reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, but also to improved economics. Further, due to the heavy economic burden, the carbon tax scheme creates great incentive for coal mine industry to address the methane emissions.

Mehdi Aghaei Meybodi; Masud Behnia

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Performance Assessment of a Desiccant Cooling System in a CHP Application with an IC Engine  

SciTech Connect

Performance of a desiccant cooling system was evaluated in the context of combined heat and power (CHP). The baseline system incorporated a desiccant dehumidifier, a heat exchanger, an indirect evaporative cooler, and a direct evaporative cooler. The desiccant unit was regenerated through heat recovery from a gas-fired reciprocating internal combustion engine. The system offered sufficient sensible and latent cooling capacities for a wide range of climatic conditions, while allowing influx of outside air in excess of what is typically required for commercial buildings. Energy and water efficiencies of the desiccant cooling system were also evaluated and compared with those of a conventional system. The results of parametric assessments revealed the importance of using a heat exchanger for concurrent desiccant post cooling and regeneration air preheating. These functions resulted in enhancement of both the cooling performance and the thermal efficiency, which are essential for fuel utilization improvement. Two approaches for mixing of the return air and outside air were examined, and their impact on the system cooling performance and thermal efficiency was demonstrated. The scope of the parametric analyses also encompassed the impact of improving the indirect evaporative cooling effectiveness on the overall cooling system performance.

Jalalzadeh-Azar, A. A.; Slayzak, S.; Judkoff, R.; Schaffhauser, T.; DeBlasio, R.

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Small-scale biomass gasification CHP utilisation in industry: Energy and environmental evaluation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Biomass gasification is regarded as a sustainable energy technology used for waste management and producing renewable fuel. Using the techniques of life cycle assessment (LCA) and net energy analysis this study quantifies the energy, resource, and emission flows. The purpose of the research is to assess the net energy produced and potential environmental effects of biomass gasification using wood waste. This paper outlines a case study that uses waste wood from a factory for use in an entrained flow gasification CHP plant. Results show that environmental impacts may arise from toxicity, particulates, and resource depletion. Toxicity is a potential issue through the disposal of ash. Particulate matter arises from the combustion of syngas therefore effective gas cleaning and emission control is required. Assessment of resource depletion shows natural gas, electricity, fossil fuels, metals, and water are all crucial components of the system. The energy gain ratio is 4.71MJdelivered/MJprimary when only electricity is considered, this increases to 13.94MJdelivered/MJprimary if 100% of the available heat is utilised. Greenhouse gas emissions are very low (715gCO2-e/kWhe) although this would increase if the biomass feedstock was not a waste and needed to be cultivated and transported. Overall small-scale biomass gasification is an attractive technology if the high capital costs and operational difficulties can be overcome, and a consistent feedstock source is available.

P.W.R. Adams; M.C. McManus

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays, Z-Shower and Neutrino Astronomy by Horizontal-Upward Tau Air-Showers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ultra High Cosmic Rays (UHECR) Astronomy may be correlated to a primary parental Neutrino Astronomy: indeed any far BL Lac Jet or GRB, sources of UHECR, located at cosmic edges, may send its signal, overcoming the severe GZK cut-off, by help of UHE ZeV energetic neutrino primary. These UHE neutrino scattering on relic light ones (spread on wide Hot Local Groups Halos) maybe fine-tuned : E_(nu) =(M_Z)^2/m_(nu) = 4 10^(22) eV *((0.1eV)/m_(nu)), to combine at once the observed light neutrino masses and the UHECR spectra, leading to a relativistic Z-Shower in Hot Dark Halos (e few tens Mpc wide) whose final nuclear component traces the UHECR event on Earth. Therefore UHECR (with no longer volme GZK constrains) may point to far BL Lac sources. This Z-Burst (Z-Shower) model calls for large neutrino fluxes. Even if Nature do not follow the present Z-model, UHECR while being cut-off by Big Bang Radiation, must produce a minimal UHE neutrino flux, the GZK neutrino secondaries. For both reasons such UHE Neutrino Astronomy must be tested on Earth. Lowest High Energy Astronomy is searched by AMANDA, ANTARES underground deterctors by muons tracks. We suggest a complementary higher energy Neutrino Tau Astronomy inducing Horizontal and Upward Tau AirShowers. Possible early evidence of such a New Neutrino UPTAUs (Upward Tau Showers at PeVs energies) Astronomy may be in BATSE records of Upward Terrestrial Gamma Flashes. Future signals must be found in detectors as EUSO, seeking Upward-Horizontal events: indeed even minimal, guaranteed, GZK neutrino fluxes may be better observed if EUSO threshold reaches 10^(19) eV by enlarging its telescope size.

D. Fargion

2003-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

265

RECOVERY ACT CASE STUDY CHP and district energy serve Texas A&M's 5,200-acre campus, which includes 750 buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,000 pounds of steam per hour, and � Campus-wide electrical distribution system upgrades. The CHP system can operate as a baseload system to serve 75% of Texas A&M's peak power needs, 65% of total electrical energy&M's New Power Generation System," Energy Action Plan 2015, Utility & Energy Services, Texas A&M University

266

NREL's Advanced Thermal Conversion Laboratory at the Center for Buildings and Thermal Systems: On the Cutting-Edge of HVAC and CHP Technology (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

This brochure describes how the unique testing capabilities of NREL's Advanced Thermal Conversion Laboratory at the Center For Buildings and Thermal Systems can help industry meet the challenge of developing the next generation of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) and combined heat and power (CHP) equipment and concepts.

Not Available

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Design of the ORC (organic Rankine cycle) condensation temperature with respect to the expander characteristics for domestic CHP (combined heat and power) applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Domestic CHP (combined heat and power) generation is one new application of the ORC (organic Rankine cycle). An environment temperature fluctuation of 40C through the year is common in many areas, where the consumer's demand on heat follows a seasonal cycle. In no demand periods the ORC shall work under lower condensation temperature for more efficient power generation. Off-design operation will be executed, accompanied with a degraded performance of the ORC components especially the expander. The design of the condensation temperature herein becomes crucial. It influences the ORC efficiency in both the CHP and SPG (solo power generation) modes. If the condensation temperature is designed simply based on the CHP mode, the power conversion in the SPG mode will suffer from low expander efficiency. An optimum design of the condensation temperature involves a compromise between the power outputs in the two modes. This paper aims to determine the optimum design condensation temperature for the ORC-CHP system. A new concept, namely the threshold condensation temperature, is introduced and found to be important to the design and operation strategies of the system. The results indicate that via a careful design of the condensation temperature, the annual power output can be increased by 50%.

Jing Li; Gang Pei; Jie Ji; Xiaoman Bai; Pengcheng Li; Lijun Xia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Economic Potential of CHP in Detroit Edison Service Area: the Customer Perspective  

SciTech Connect

DOE's mission under the Distributed Energy and Electricity Reliability (DEER) Program is to strengthen America's electric energy infrastructure and provide utilities and consumers with a greater array of energy-efficient technology choices for generating, transmitting, distributing, storing, and managing demand for electric power and thermal energy. DOE recognizes that distributed energy technologies can help accomplish this mission. Distributed energy (DE) technologies have received much attention for the potential energy savings and electric power reliability assurances that may be achieved by their widespread adoption. Fueling the attention has been the desire to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and concern about easing power transmission and distribution system capacity limitations and congestion. However, these benefits may come at a cost to the electric utility companies in terms of lost revenue and other potential impacts on the distribution system. It is important to assess the costs and benefits of DE to consumers and distribution system companies. DOE commissioned this study to assess the costs and benefits of DE technologies to consumers and to better understand the effect of DE on the grid. Current central power generation units vent more waste heat (energy) than the entire transportation sector consumes and this wasted thermal energy is projected to grow by 45% within the next 20 years. Consumer investment in technologies that increase power generation efficiency is a key element of the DOE Energy Efficiency program. The program aims to increase overall cycle efficiency from 30% to 70% within 20 years as well. DOE wants to determine the impact of DE in several small areas within cities across the U.S. Ann Arbor, Michigan, was chosen as the city for this case study. Ann Arbor has electric and gas rates that can substantially affect the market penetration of DE. This case study analysis was intended to: (1) Determine what DE market penetration can realistically be expected, based on consumer investment in combined heat and power systems (CHP) and the effect of utility applied demand response (DR). (2) Evaluate and quantify the impact on the distribution utility feeder from the perspective of customer ownership of the DE equipment. (3) Determine the distribution feeder limits and the impact DE may have on future growth. For the case study, the Gas Technology Institute analyzed a single 16-megawatt grid feeder circuit in Ann Arbor, Michigan to determine whether there are economic incentives to use small distributed power generation systems that would offset the need to increase grid circuit capacity. Increasing circuit capacity would enable the circuit to meet consumer's energy demands at all times, but it would not improve the circuit's utilization factor. The analysis spans 12 years, to a planning horizon of 2015. By 2015, the demand for power is expected to exceed the grid circuit capacity for a significant portion of the year. The analysis was to determine whether economically acceptable implementation of customer-owned DE systems would reduce the peak power demands enough to forestall the need to upgrade the capacity of the grid circuit. The analysis was based on economics and gave no financial credit for improved power reliability or mitigation of environmental impacts. Before this study was completed, the utility expanded the capacity of the circuit to 22 MW. Although this expansion will enable the circuit to meet foreseeable increases in peak demand, it also will significantly decrease the circuit's overall utilization factor. The study revealed that DE penetration on the selected feeder is not expected to forestall the need to upgrade the grid circuit capacity unless interconnection barriers are removed. Currently, a variety of technical, business practice, and regulatory barriers discourage DE interconnection in the US market.

Kelly, J.

2003-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

269

Crystal and molecular structure of a dinuclear ortho-metalated platinum ylid complex, cyclo-[Pt(.mu.-Cl)(MeCO)CHP(C6H4-o)Ph2]2.2CDCl3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crystal and molecular structure of a dinuclear ortho-metalated platinum ylid complex, cyclo-[Pt(.mu.-Cl)(MeCO)CHP(C6H4-o)Ph2]2.2CDCl3 ...

Marvin L. Illingsworth; John A. Teagle; John L. Burmeister; William C. Fultz; Arnold L. Rheingold

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Reactivity of coordinated [Ph2PCHP(S)Ph2]- and [Ph2P(S)CHP(S)Ph2]-: two-center, regiospecific reactivity in rhodium and iridium complexes and formation of a disubstituted methylene bridge between platinum atoms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reactivity of coordinated [Ph2PCHP(S)Ph2]- and [Ph2P(S)CHP(S)Ph2]-: two-center, regiospecific reactivity in rhodium and iridium complexes and formation of a disubstituted methylene bridge between platinum atoms ...

Jane. Browning; Keith R. Dixon; Robert W. Hilts

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Neutrino Induced Upward Going Muons from a Gamma Ray Burst in a Neutrino Telescope of Km^2 Area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The number of neutrino induced upward going muons from a single Gamma Ray Burst (GRB) expected to be detected by the proposed kilometer scale IceCube detector at the South Pole location has been calculated. The effects of the Lorentz factor, total energy of the GRB emitted in neutrinos and its distance from the observer (red shift) on the number of neutrino events from the GRB have been examined. The present investigation reveals that there is possibility of exploring the early Universe with the proposed kilometer scale IceCube neutrino telescope.

Nayantara Gupta

2002-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

272

An Experimental Study of Upward and Downward Flow of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide in a Straight Pipe Heat Exchanger with Constant Wall Heat Flux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental analysis was conducted on a single circular tube heat exchanger using supercritical carbon dioxide as the working fluid. The heat exchanger was operated in two different orientations: vertically upward and downward. The experimental...

Umrigar, Eric Dara

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

$B_s \\to ?^+ ?^-$ and the upward-going muon flux from the WIMP annihilation in the sun or the earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the upward-going muon flux due to the WIMP annihilations in the cores of the sun and the earth, including the upper bound on the branching ratio for $B_s \\to \\mu^+ \\mu^-$ decay. We find that the constraint from $B_s \\to \\mu^+ \\mu^-$ is very strong in most parameter space, and exclude the supergravity parameter space regions where the expected upward-going muon fluxes are within the expected reach of AMANDA II.

Seungwon Baek; Yeong Gyun Kim; P. Ko

2005-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

274

Synthesis of lithium and aluminum complexes supported by [OC(But)CHP(Ph2)=NBut]? ligand and catalysis of [R2Al{OC(But)-CHP(Ph2)=NBut}] (R = Me, Et) and [Me2Al{1-{OC(Ph)CH}-3-R1-5-MeC3HN2}] (R1 = Me, But) in the ring-opening polymerization of ?-caprolactone  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A series of lithium and aluminum complexes bearing [OC(But)CHP(Ph2)=NBut]? ligand were synthesized and characterized. Reaction of ButC(O)CH2Br with Ph2PNHBut afforded [Ph2P(NHBut)CH2C(O)But]+Br? (1). Treatment of...

Die Yang; CuiFang Cai; ZhongXia Wang

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Modelling and selection of micro-CHP systems for domestic energy supply: The dimension of network-wide primary energy consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Mathematical modelling and optimisation of the Distributed Energy Supply System (DESS) using natural gas, both at the building level and the overall energy supply network level was carried out for three types of micro-combined heat and power (micro-CHP) solid oxide fuel cells, Stirling engines, internal combustion engines and for two different operating strategies cost-driven and primary energy-driven. The modelling framework captures the overall impact of the adoption of micro-CHP systems on the total primary energy usage in both generation and distribution. A detailed case study on the UK domestic energy supply was undertaken by applying both operating strategies to four different sizes of houses. The best technology selected in each case was evaluated in terms of the economics, total primary energy consumption, and reduction of central power generation requirement. It was shown that the primary energy consumption driven option selected technologies which could potentially achieve 610% reduction of total primary energy use compared to the base case where micro-CHP was not adopted, which is nearly two times the reduction by the cost-driven strategy.

Tekena Craig Fubara; Franjo Cecelja; Aidong Yang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Model of bubble velocity vector measurement in upward and downward bubbly two-phase flows using a four-sensor optical probe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The knowledge of bubble behaviors is of considerable significance for a proper understanding and modeling of two-phase flows. To obtain the information on the bubble motion, a novel model was developed, by which the bubble velocity vector can be directly calculated from six time intervals measured with a four-sensor probe. The measurements of local bubble velocity vector and void fraction were performed in both upward and downward bubbly flows by using a four-sensor optical probe. The area-averaged void fraction and bubble velocity obtained from the probe agree well with those measured by other cross-calibration methods, and the measurement errors are within 15% under various flow conditions. Experimental results of the bubble velocity vector reveal that the bubble lateral migration may be suppressed in upward flows, but be strengthened in downward flows as the liquid flow rate increases. Also, with an increase in gas flow rate, the bubble velocity distribution varies into the powerlaw profile in upward flows, but into an off-center peak profile in downward flows. In addition, the void fraction shows a core peak distribution at low void fraction for downward flows, but a wall peak distribution for upward flows. However, when the void fraction is relatively high, it displays an off-center peak distribution for downward flows but a core peak distribution for upward flows.

Daogui Tian; Changqi Yan; Licheng Sun

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Experimental investigation on heat transfer and frictional characteristics of vertical upward rifled tube in supercritical CFB boiler  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water wall design is a key issue for supercritical Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) boiler. On account of the good heat transfer performance, rifled tube is applied in the water wall design of a 600MW supercritical CFB boiler in China. In order to investigate the heat transfer and frictional characteristics of the rifled tube with vertical upward flow, an in-depth experiment was conducted in the range of pressure from 12 to 30MPa, mass flux from 230 to 1200kg/(m2s), and inner wall heat flux from 130 to 720kW/m2. The wall temperature distribution and pressure drop in the rifled tube were obtained in the experiment. The normal, enhanced and deteriorated heat transfer characteristics were also captured. In this paper, the effects of pressure, inner wall heat flux and mass flux on heat transfer characteristics are analyzed, the heat transfer mechanism and the frictional resistance performance are discussed, and the corresponding empirical correlations are presented. The experimental results show that the rifled tube can effectively prevent the occurrence of Departure from Nucleate Boiling (DNB) and keep the tube wall temperature in a permissible range under the operating condition of supercritical CFB boiler.

Dong Yang; Jie Pan; Chenn Q. Zhou; Xiaojing Zhu; Qincheng Bi; Tingkuan Chen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Optimal design and control strategies for novel combined heat and power (CHP) fuel cell systems. Part I of II, datum design conditions and approach.  

SciTech Connect

Energy network optimization (ENO) models identify new strategies for designing, installing, and controlling stationary combined heat and power (CHP) fuel cell systems (FCSs) with the goals of (1) minimizing electricity and heating costs for building owners and (2) reducing emissions of the primary greenhouse gas (GHG) - carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}). A goal of this work is to employ relatively inexpensive simulation studies to discover more financially and environmentally effective approaches for installing CHP FCSs. ENO models quantify the impact of different choices made by power generation operators, FCS manufacturers, building owners, and governments with respect to two primary goals - energy cost savings for building owners and CO{sub 2} emission reductions. These types of models are crucial for identifying cost and CO{sub 2} optima for particular installations. Optimal strategies change with varying economic and environmental conditions, FCS performance, the characteristics of building demand for electricity and heat, and many other factors. ENO models evaluate both 'business-as-usual' and novel FCS operating strategies. For the scenarios examined here, relative to a base case of no FCSs installed, model results indicate that novel strategies could reduce building energy costs by 25% and CO{sub 2} emissions by 80%. Part I of II articles discusses model assumptions and methodology. Part II of II articles illustrates model results for a university campus town and generalizes these results for diverse communities.

Colella, Whitney G.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Methods and apparatus to produce stick-slip motion of logging tool attached to a wireline drawn upward by a continuously rotating wireline drum  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus are described to produce stick-slip motion of a logging tool within a cased well attached to a wireline that is drawn upward by a continuously rotating wireline drum. The stick-slip motion results in the periodic upward movement of the tool in the cased well described in terms of a dwell time during which time the tool is stationary, the move time during which time the tool moves, and the stroke that is upward distance that the tool translates during the "slip" portion of the stick-slip motion. This method of measurement is used to log the well at different vertical positions of the tool. Therefore, any typical "station-to-station logging tool" may be modified to be a "continuous logging tool", where "continuous" means that the wireline drum continually rotates while the tool undergoes stick-slip motion downhole and measurements are performed during the dwell times when the tool is momentarily stationary. The stick-slip methods of operation and the related apparatus are particularly described in terms of making measurements of formation resistivity from within a cased well during the dwell times when the tool is momentarily stationary during the periodic stick-slip motion of the logging tool.

Vail, III, William Banning (Bothell, WA); Momii, Steven Thomas (Seattle, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Methods and apparatus to produce stick-slip motion of logging tool attached to a wireline drawn upward by a continuously rotating wireline drum  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus are described to produce stick-slip motion of a logging tool within a cased well attached to a wireline that is drawn upward by a continuously rotating wireline drum. The stick-slip motion results in the periodic upward movement of the tool in the cased well described in terms of a dwell time during which time the tool is stationary, the move time during which time the tool moves, and the stroke that is upward distance that the tool translates during the ``slip`` portion of the stick-slip motion. This method of measurement is used to log the well at different vertical positions of the tool. Therefore, any typical ``station-to-station logging tool`` may be modified to be a ``continuous logging tool,`` where ``continuous`` means that the wireline drum continually rotates while the tool undergoes stick-slip motion downhole and measurements are performed during the dwell times when the tool is momentarily stationary. The stick-slip methods of operation and the related apparatus are particularly described in terms of making measurements of formation resistivity from within a cased well during the dwell times when the tool is momentarily stationary during the periodic stick-slip motion of the logging tool. 12 figs.

Vail, W.B. III; Momii, S.T.

1998-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

282

Hexion CHP Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the exothermic reaction through a heat transfer fluid jacket around the reactor vessel that controls reaction temperature and transfers heat to a secondary water/steam loop. Until 2004, most of the heat entrained in the steam was vented to the atmosphere via a...

Bullock, B.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

28 CHP (HCP)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This document is part of Subvolume B1 Linear Triatomic Molecules - BClH+ (HBCl+) - COSe (OCSe) of Volume 20 Molecular Constants Mostly from Infrared Spectroscopy of Landolt-Brnstein - Group II Molecules a...

G. Guelachvili; K. Narahari Rao

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

National CHP Roadmap  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

sites could explode. These additions, coupled with growth in other forms of distributed energy generation, could easily overwhelm the ability of siting, permitting, and zoning...

285

Mixed convection in the thermal entrance region of symmetrically and asymmetrically heated vertical flat duct with upward or downward air-flow  

SciTech Connect

A numerical investigation has been conducted on the effect of body force on pure forced convection of the upward or downward air-flow in the thermal entrance region between vertical parallel plates with uniform wall temperature. The governing equations based on the usual Boussinesq approximation are solved for the symmetrically and asymmetrically heated parallel plates. Numerically predicted friction factors C{sub f} and local Nusselt numbers Nu{sub x} are compared with their counterparts, C*{sub f} and Nu*{sub x}, for pure forced convection.

Naito, Etsuro; Nagano, Yasutaka

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Relativistic self-focusing of ultra-high intensity X-ray laser beams in warm quantum plasma with upward density profile  

SciTech Connect

The results of a numerical study of high-intensity X-ray laser beam interaction with warm quantum plasma (WQP) are presented. By means of an upward ramp density profile combined with quantum factors specially the Fermi velocity, we have demonstrated significant relativistic self-focusing (RSF) of a Gaussian electromagnetic beam in the WQP where the Fermi temperature term in the dielectric function is important. For this purpose, we have considered the quantum hydrodynamics model that modifies refractive index of inhomogeneous WQPs with the inclusion of quantum correction through the quantum statistical and diffraction effects in the relativistic regime. Also, to better illustration of the physical difference between warm and cold quantum plasmas and their effect on the RSF, we have derived the envelope equation governing the spot size of X-ray laser beam in Q-plasmas. In addition to the upward ramp density profile, we have found that the quantum effects would be caused much higher oscillation and better focusing of X-ray laser beam in the WQP compared to that of cold quantum case. Our computational results reveal the importance of the use of electrons density profile and Fermi speed in enhancing self-focusing of laser beam.

Habibi, M., E-mail: habibi.physics@gmail.com [Young Researchers and Elite Club, Shirvan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shirvan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ghamari, F. [Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khorramabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorramabad (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

287

Techno-economic analysis of a coal-fired CHP based combined heating system with gas-fired boilers for peak load compensation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combined heat and power (CHP) plants dominate the heating market in China. With the ongoing energy structure reformation and increasing environmental concerns, we propose gas-fired boilers to be deployed in underperforming heating substations of heating networks for peak load compensation, in order to improve both energy efficiency and environmental sustainability. However, due to the relatively high price of gas, techno-economic analysis is required for evaluating different combined heating scenarios, characterized by basic heat load ratio (?). Therefore, we employ the dynamic economics and annual cost method to develop a techno-economic model for computing the net heating cost of the system, considering the current state of the art of cogeneration systems in China. The net heating cost is defined as the investment costs and operations costs of the system subtracted by revenues from power generation. We demonstrate the model in a real-life combined heating system of Daqing, China. The results show that the minimum net heating cost can be realized at ?=0.75 with a cost reduction of 16.8% compared to coal heating alone. Since fuel cost is the dominating factor, sensitivity analyses on coal and gas prices are discussed subsequently.

Hai-Chao Wang; Wen-Ling Jiao; Risto Lahdelma; Ping-Hua Zou

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Which is the preferable biogas utilisation technology for anaerobic digestion of agricultural crops in Ireland: Biogas to CHP or biomethane as a transport fuel?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The utilisation of anaerobic digestion to produce biogas as an energy source is a mature technology in many European countries but is yet to be developed in Ireland. In 2009, the EU issued the Renewable Energy Source Directive 2009/28/EC which requires a 20% share of renewable energy sources (heat and electricity) in final energy consumption for all member states, respectively, including a 10% share of biofuels in the transport sector by 2020. The introduction of biogas to produce power and electricity in the form of CHP technology and biomethane as a transport fuel can help Ireland achieve the mandatory targets set by the directive. The key focus of the paper is to determine the optimum small to medium scale biogas technology and the impact the introduction of that technology infrastructure will have on renewable energy targets for Ireland. In terms of feedstock, agricultural sources such as energy crops and slurry offer a sustainable input to the anaerobic digestion process. The crop rotations under consideration consist of different arrangements of grass silage, maize silage and barley. Grass silage is found to be the most suitable crop for biogas energy production while biogas upgrading to biomethane as a transport fuel has the optimum technology potential in Ireland. To fuel a car operating on biomethane, 0.22ha of grass land is required annually. Full scale national development of 5% of the area under grass in Ireland will contribute 11.4% of renewable energy to the total final transport energy demand by 2020, surpassing the target set by the Renewable Energy Source Directive 2009/28/EC.

D. Goulding; N. Power

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Studies on upward flame spread  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transfer coefficient heat of combustion per unit mass ofwidth, m ? and the heat of combustion per unit mass of fuelthe sample, and the heat of combustion ?H c was assigned the

Gollner, Michael J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Design and simulation of a prototype of a small-scale solar CHP system based on evacuated flat-plate solar collectors and Organic Rankine Cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a dynamic simulation model of a novel prototype of a 6kWe solar power plant. The system is based on the coupling of innovative solar thermal collectors with a small Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC), simultaneously producing electric energy and low temperature heat. The novelty of the proposed system lies in the solar collector field, which is based on stationary evacuated flat-plate solar thermal collectors capable to achieve the operating temperatures typical of the concentrating solar thermal collectors. The solar field consists of about 73.5m2 of flat-plate evacuated solar collectors, heating a diathermic oil up to a maximum temperature of 230C. A diathermic oil storage tank is employed in order to mitigate the fluctuations due to the variability of solar energy availability. The hot diathermic oil exiting from the tank passes through an auxiliary gas-fired burner which provides eventual additional thermal energy. The inlet temperature of the diathermic oil entering the ORC system varies as a function of the availability of solar energy, also determining an oscillating response of the ORC. The ORC was simulated in Engineering Equation Solver (EES), using zero-dimensional energy and mass balances. The ORC model was subsequently implemented in a more general TRNSYS model, including all the remaining components of the system. The model was used to evaluate the energy and economic performance of the solar CHP system under analysis, in different climatic conditions. The results show that the efficiency of the ORC does not significantly vary during the year, remaining always close to 10%. On the other hand, the efficiency of the solar collectors is very high in summer (>50%) and significantly lower during the coldest winter days (down to 20%). Pay-back periods are extremely attractive in case of feed-in tariffs (about 5years), whereas the profitability of the system is scarce when no public funding is available. A sensitivity analysis was also performed, in order to determine the combination of system/design parameters able to maximize the thermo-economic performance of the system. It was found that the system may be economically feasible for the majority of locations in the Mediterranean area (pay-back periods around 10years), whereas the profitability is unsatisfactory for Central-Europe sites.

Francesco Calise; Massimo Dentice dAccadia; Maria Vicidomini; Marco Scarpellino

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

PSADEFS.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Definitions Definitions of Petroleum Products and Other Terms Alcohol. The family name of a group of organic chemical compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. The series of molecules vary in chain length and are composed of a hydrocarbon plus a hydroxyl group; CH 3 - (CH 2 )n-OH (e.g., methanol, ethanol, and tertiary butyl alcohol). Alkylate. The product of an alkylation reaction. It usu- ally refers to the high octane product from alkylation units. This alkylate is used in blending high octane gaso- line. Alkylation. A refining process for chemically combining isobutane with olefin hydrocarbons (e.g., propylene, buty- lene) through the control of temperature and pressure in the presence of an acid catalyst, usually sulfuric acid or hydrofluoric acid. The product, alkylate, an isoparaffin, has high octane value and is blended with motor and aviation gasoline to improve the antiknock

292

APPENDXD.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Report The Form EIA-819, "Monthly Oxygenate Report" provides production data for fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE). End-of-month stock data held at ethanol...

293

PSMDEFS.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

such production for a given period is measured as volumes delivered from lease storage tanks (i.e., the point of custody transfer) to pipelines, trucks, or other media for...

294

PSADEFS.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

such production for a given period is measured as volumes delivered from lease storage tanks (i.e., the point of custody transfer) to pipelines, trucks, or other media for...

295

Waste to Energy: Biogas CHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southside Wastewater Treatment Plant Biogas Cogeneration Project November 9, 2011 2011 Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference ?Turning Waste Into Energy? What to Expect ? ? Southside Overview ? Wastewater Treatment Process... gallons per day ? Processes and disposes over 150 tons of solids/day from both of the City?s wastewater treatment plants What is Biogas? ? Biogas is the methane (CH4) produced as a by-product of the anaerobic digestion process at the Southside...

Wagner, R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

2008 EPA CHP Partnership Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S., accounting for 465.3 MW of electric capacity; 75 of these sites are fueled by biogas generated at the facility, for a total of 210.8 MW. - 100 kW of electric grid capacity...

297

Determinants of CHP-Diffusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the preceding chapter, the main issues and trends in electricity supply have been discussed, and cogeneration technology has been introduced along its main dimensions. This aimed to provide the reader with a b...

Karl Matthias Weber

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

APPEND.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

106 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Supply Monthly 107 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Supply Monthly...

299

HEATRESV.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

such as the ones experienced in December 1996 and January-February 2000. Maximum inventory of heating oil in the reserve will be two million barrels. The Department of...

300

CHP Integrated with Packaged Boilers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Carlo Castaldini, President, CMCE, Inc. carlo@cmc-engineering.com 408-314-0382 U.S. DOE Industrial Distributed Energy Portfolio Review Meeting Washington, D.C. June 1-2, 2011 ALTEX...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

PSMSUMRY.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Note 4. Frames Maintenance In January 1981 and 1983, numerous respondents were added to bulk terminal and pipeline surveys affecting subsequent stocks reported and stock change...

302

PSMNOTES.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Beginning and end-of-month stocks, receipts, inputs, production, ship- ments, and plant fuel use and losses during the month are collected from operators of natural gas processing...

303

CHP Deployment | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Business Solution - Increasing efficiency, reducing business costs, and creating green-collar jobs Local Energy Solution - Deployable throughout the United States...

304

Highly Efficient, 5-kW CHP Fuel Cells Demonstrating Durability and Economic Value in Residential and Light Commercial Applications - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report James Petrecky Plug Power 968 Albany Shaker Road Latham, NY 12110 Phone: (518) 782-7700 ext: 1977 Email: james_petrecky@plugpower.com DOE Managers HQ: Jason Marcinkoski Phone: (202) 586-7466 Email: Jason.Marcinkoski@ee.doe.gov GO: Reg Tyler Phone: (720) 356-1805 Email: Reginald.Tyler@go.doe.gov Vendor: ClearEdge Power, Hillsboro, OR Project Start Date: October 1, 2009 Project End Date: September 15, 2013 Objectives Quantify the durability of proton exchange membrane * (PEM) fuel cell systems in residential and light commercial combined heat and power (CHP) applications in California. Optimize system performance though testing of multiple * high-temperature units through collection of field data.

305

Costs for airborne telescope spiral upwards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... that peers out of a hole cut into the side of a 30-year-old Boeing 747 aeroplane (pictured). The partners in the project are NASA and the German ...

2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

306

c007.chp:Corel VENTURA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

May May 1998 2 Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products by Grade, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons) Geographic Area Products December 1997 January 1998 February 1998 March 1998 April 1998 May 1998 Cumulative Year To Date 1997 Cumulative Year To Date 1998 Adjusted Year To Date % Change 1 United States Motor Gasoline ......................... 10,826,964 10,047,308 9,380,747 10,656,802 10,610,961 11,052,690 50,710,406 51,748,508 2.0 Regular .................................... 7,726,152 7,148,868 6,693,799 7,568,368 7,582,161 7,881,479 36,329,353 36,874,675 1.5 Conventional ........................... 4,963,896 4,563,601 4,300,943 4,969,360 5,060,136 5,277,653 24,409,850 24,171,693 -1.0 Oxygenated ............................ 386,009 365,693 317,923 252,846 183,304 185,744 1,124,465

307

c007.chp:Corel VENTURA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

January January 1999 2 Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products by Grade, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons) Geographic Area Products August 1998 September 1998 October 1998 November 1998 December 1998 January 1999 Cumulative Year To Date 1998 Cumulative Year To Date 1999 Adjusted Year To Date % Change 1 United States Motor Gasoline ......................... 11,361,574 10,756,677 11,218,355 10,469,445 11,107,600 9,938,801 10,047,308 9,938,801 -1.1 Regular .................................... 8,034,715 7,610,549 7,930,901 7,354,578 7,765,179 6,902,428 7,148,868 6,902,428 -3.4 Conventional ........................... 5,403,924 5,042,027 5,215,578 4,741,242 5,010,689 4,373,570 4,563,601 4,373,570 -4.2 Oxygenated ............................ 181,571 248,076 329,621 385,740 407,637 397,314

308

art9907.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Monthly Monthly PSA API OGJ NGD Million Million Percent Million Percent Million Percent Year Barrels Barrels of PSA Barrels of PSA Barrels of PSA 1997 2,355 2,326 98.8 2,330 98.9 2,312 98.2 1996 2,366 2,356 99.6 2,370 100.2 2,335 98.7 1995 2,394 2,382 99.5 2,393 100.0 2,358 98.5 1994 2,431 2,424 99.7 2,438 100.3 2,425 99.8 1993 2,499 2,504 100.2 2,520 100.8 2,492 99.7 1992 2,625 2,608 99.4 2,630 100.2 2,593 98.8 1991 2,707 2,687 99.3 2,692 99.4 2,665 98.4 1990 2,685 2,634 98.1 2,668 99.4 2,663 99.2 1989 2,779 2,781 100.1 2,834 102.0 2,751 99.0 1988 2,979 2,967 99.6 3,013 101.1 2,973 99.8 Table FE1. A Comparison of Data Series for Crude Oil Production, 1988-1997 Sources: PSA: Petroleum Supply Annual, 1988 through 1997, Table 2. API: American Petroleum Institute, Monthly Statistical Report, 1988 through 1997. OGJ: Oil and Gas Journal, 1988 through 1997. NGD: U.S. Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural

309

table06.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7,308 7,308 - 27,686 -2,263 59,993 -3,449 0 105,005 1,168 0 70,132 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ......... 8,763 2,756 3,599 - 265 -6,499 - 3,820 752 17,310 23,020 Pentanes Plus ................................... 1,146 - 42 - 519 214 - 769 455 269 1,988 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ............... 7,617 2,756 3,557 - -254 -6,713 - 3,051 297 17,041 21,032 Ethane/Ethylene ............................ 2,909 0 12 - -2,215 -110 - 0 0 816 2,868 Propane/Propylene ....................... 3,095 3,602 2,661 - 968 -4,799 - 0 96 15,029 13,173 Normal Butane/Butylene ............... 1,156 -837 486 - 571 -1,497 - 2,303 201 369 3,305 Isobutane/Isobutylene ................... 457 -9 398 - 422 -307 - 748 0 827 1,686 Other Liquids ..................................... 738 - 0 - 1,171 1,228 - 1,429 11 -759 26,014 Other Hydrocarbons/Oxygenates ..... 1,380 - 0 - 0 225 - 1,144 11 0 2,175 Unfinished Oils ..................................

310

table07.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

558 558 - 893 -73 1,935 -111 0 3,387 38 0 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ....... 283 89 116 - 9 -210 - 123 24 558 Pentanes Plus .................................. 37 - 1 - 17 7 - 25 15 9 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............. 246 89 115 - -8 -217 - 98 10 550 Ethane/Ethylene ........................... 94 0 (s) - -71 -4 - 0 0 26 Propane/Propylene ....................... 100 116 86 - 31 -155 - 0 3 485 Normal Butane/Butylene .............. 37 -27 16 - 18 -48 - 74 6 12 Isobutane/Isobutylene ................... 15 (s) 13 - 14 -10 - 24 0 27 Other Liquids .................................... 24 - 0 - 38 40 - 46 (s) -24 Other Hydrocarbons/Oxygenates .... 45 - 0 - 0 7 - 37 (s) 0 Unfinished Oils ................................. - - 0 - -4 17 - 3 0 -24 Motor Gasoline Blend. Comp. .......... -21 - 0 - 42 16 - 6 (s) 0 Aviation Gasoline Blend. Comp. ....... - - 0 - 0 -1 - 1 0 0 Finished Petroleum Products .......... 71 3,648 9 - 646 154

311

table02.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2. 2. U.S. Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 1998 Crude Oil ............................................... 202,756 - 258,506 1,851 12,065 0 443,902 7,146 0 880,184 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ............ 55,963 15,419 7,378 - -15,412 - 14,810 2,118 77,244 79,784 Pentanes Plus .................................... 9,388 - 1,185 - 1,137 - 4,282 461 4,693 6,852 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ................ 46,575 15,419 6,193 - -16,549 - 10,528 1,657 72,551 72,932 Ethane/Ethylene ............................ 19,726 751 556 - -1,715 - 0 0 22,748 17,192 Propane/Propylene ........................ 16,528 16,343 4,241 - -9,623 - 0 904 45,831 34,422 Normal Butane/Butylene ................ 4,818 -2,023 880 - -5,547 - 7,256 753 1,213 12,826 Isobutane/Isobutylene .................... 5,503 348 516 - 336 - 3,272 0 2,759 8,492

312

TABLE27.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7. 7. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, January 1998 Crude Oil a ....................................................................... 0 1,168 0 0 5,978 7,146 231 Natural Gas Liquids ...................................................... 24 752 885 6 451 2,118 68 Pentanes Plus ............................................................. 1 455 0 5 (s) 461 15 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ......................................... 24 297 885 (s) 450 1,657 53 Ethane/Ethylene ..................................................... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Propane/Propylene ................................................. 20 96 637 (s) 149 904 29 Normal Butane/Butylene ......................................... 3 201 248 0 301 753 24 Isobutane/Isobutylene ............................................ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Other Liquids ..................................................................

313

TABLE21.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC .................................. 53,500 1,139 2,258 115 625 0 0 1,267 0 0 Algeria ...................................... 0 1,139 1,174 115 0 0 0 824 0 0 Iraq ........................................... 1,110 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 7,822 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 44,568 0 1,084 0 625 0 0 443 0 0 Other OPEC ................................. 61,280 0 2,295 588 1,644 776 715 2,121 3 0 Indonesia .................................. 1,020 0 0 0 0 0 0 97 0 0 Nigeria ...................................... 19,360 0 0 0 0 0 0 166 0 0 Venezuela ................................. 40,900 0 2,295 588 1,644 776 715 1,858 3 0 Non OPEC ................................... 143,726 5,054 4,682 3,253 5,745 1,867

314

TABLE13.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3. 3. PAD District V - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day) January 1998 Crude Oil ............................................ 2,165 - 440 154 -73 101 0 2,393 193 0 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ........ 93 43 (s) - 0 -51 - 98 15 75 Pentanes Plus ................................... 51 - 0 - 0 (s) - 42 (s) 9 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............. 42 43 (s) - 0 -51 - 56 15 66 Ethane/Ethylene ............................ (s) 0 0 - 0 0 - 0 0 (s) Propane/Propylene ....................... 12 47 (s) - 0 -26 - 0 5 80 Normal Butane/Butylene ............... 21 -8 0 - 0 -25 - 43 10 -15 Isobutane/Isobutylene ................... 10 5 0 - 0 (s) - 13 0 2 Other Liquids ..................................... 87 - 71 - 24 87 - 73 3 19 Other Hydrocarbons/Oxygenates ..... 109 - 28 - 0 14 - 121 3 0 Unfinished Oils ................................. - - 43 - 0 32 - -8 0 19 Motor

315

c007.chp:Corel VENTURA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

March March 1998 2 Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products by Grade, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons) Geographic Area Products October 1997 November 1997 December 1997 January 1998 February 1998 March 1998 Cumulative Year To Date 1997 Cumulative Year To Date 1998 Adjusted Year To Date % Change 1 United States Motor Gasoline ......................... 10,902,391 10,143,551 10,826,964 10,047,308 9,380,747 10,678,647 29,597,227 30,106,702 1.7 Regular .................................... 7,861,794 7,277,667 7,726,152 7,148,868 6,693,799 7,585,856 21,214,994 21,428,523 1.0 Conventional ........................... 5,189,145 4,682,550 4,963,896 4,563,601 4,300,943 4,987,963 14,015,431 13,852,507 -1.2 Oxygenated ............................ 275,585 359,994 386,009 365,693 317,923 248,437

316

c007.chp:Corel VENTURA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

January January 1998 2 Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products by Grade, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons) Geographic Area Products August 1997 September 1997 October 1997 November 1997 December 1997 January 1998 Cumulative Year To Date 1997 Cumulative Year To Date 1998 Adjusted Year To Date % Change 1 United States Motor Gasoline ......................... 11,104,799 10,295,602 10,902,391 10,143,551 10,826,964 10,054,359 9,875,179 10,054,359 1.8 Regular .................................... 7,974,380 7,441,944 7,861,794 7,277,667 7,726,152 7,155,537 7,071,855 7,155,537 1.2 Conventional ........................... 5,429,861 4,990,745 5,189,145 4,682,550 4,963,896 4,575,812 4,600,032 4,575,812 -0.5 Oxygenated ............................ 143,682 170,765 275,585 359,994 386,009 360,888

317

TABLE29.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9. 9. Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country, (Thousand Barrels per Day) January 1998 Arab OPEC .................................. 1,726 37 20 0 (s) 41 -3 (s) 296 391 2,116 Algeria ...................................... 0 37 0 0 0 27 0 0 252 316 316 Iraq ........................................... 36 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 36 Kuwait ....................................... 252 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) (s) (s) 252 Qatar ........................................ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) (s) (s) Saudi Arabia ............................. 1,438 0 20 0 (s) 14 0 (s) 43 78 1,515 United Arab Emirates ............... 0 0 0 0 (s) 0 -3 (s) (s) -3 -3 Other OPEC ................................. 1,977 (s) 52 25 14 68 -4 (s) 86 241 2,218 Indonesia .................................. 33 0 0 0 0 3 0 (s) (s) 3 36 Nigeria ...................................... 625 (s) 0 0 0 5 0 (s) 0 5 630 Venezuela

318

TABLE18.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8. 8. Refinery Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, January 1998 Crude Oil .................................................................... 14,835 511 15,346 8,591 1,779 2,386 12,756 Petroleum Products .................................................. 53,526 2,604 56,130 37,545 10,689 14,376 62,610 Pentanes Plus .......................................................... 0 0 0 4 209 225 438 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ...................................... 1,482 13 1,495 2,085 308 672 3,065 Ethane/Ethylene ................................................... 0 0 0 3 0 0 3 Propane/Propylene ............................................... 564 5 569 1,196 16 332 1,544 Normal Butane/Butylene ....................................... 584 6 590 608 205 232 1,045 Isobutane/Isobutylene ...........................................

319

TABLE20.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0. 0. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, January 1998 Crude Oil a,b ................................................................... 53,357 48,515 139,013 3,980 13,641 258,506 8,339 Natural Gas Liquids ...................................................... 1,233 3,599 2,005 536 5 7,378 238 Pentanes Plus ............................................................ 0 42 1,031 112 0 1,185 38 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ........................................ 1,233 3,557 974 424 5 6,193 200 Ethane ................................................................... 0 0 544 0 0 544 18 Ethylene ................................................................. 0 12 0 0 0 12 (s) Propane ................................................................. 1,206 2,477 136 233 5 4,057 131 Propylene ...............................................................

320

TABLE28.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8. 8. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, (Thousand Barrels) Destination Liquefied Finished Crude Pentanes Petroleum Motor Distillate Fuel Residual Oil a Plus Gases Gasoline Jet Fuel Kerosene Oil Fuel Oil January 1998 Argentina .............................................. 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 Australia ............................................... 0 0 (s) (s) 0 0 1 0 Bahama Islands ................................... 0 0 21 1 1 (s) 54 (s) Bahrain ................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Belgium & Luxembourg ........................ 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 Brazil .................................................... 0 0 (s) 0 82 0 150 0 Cameroon ............................................ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Canada ................................................ 1,168 461 331 137 595 11 438 633 Chile .....................................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

TABLE31.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1. 1. Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks of Selected Petroleum Products by PAD January 1998 PAD District I ........................................ 39,875 16,226 269 23,380 3,520 46,977 15,022 31,955 15,736 2,460 Connecticut ....................................... 1,625 1,625 0 0 131 4,252 999 3,253 70 W Delaware, D.C., Maryland ................. 2,413 1,906 0 507 169 2,677 869 1,808 2,331 W Florida ............................................... 6,051 0 0 6,051 115 2,063 1,131 932 1,009 55 Georgia ............................................. 2,118 0 0 2,118 46 1,125 701 424 97 W Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont ..... 869 536 0 333 333 1,847 583 1,264 618 W Massachusetts .................................. 1,359 1,359 0 0 175 3,157 570 2,587 508 W New Jersey ....................................... 8,106 5,929 0 2,177 508 13,443 3,320 10,123 5,715

322

TABLE25A.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PAD PAD District V PAD District IV January 1998 Non OPEC .................................... 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Canada ..................................... 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Total .............................................. 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Arab OPEC .................................. 2,409 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq ........................................... 1,110 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 1,299 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Other OPEC ................................. 1,614 0 363 0 0 0 0 97 0 0 Indonesia .................................. 1,020 0 0 0 0 0 0 97 0 0 Venezuela ................................. 594 0 363 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC .................................... 9,618 5 972 0 13 475 22 0 0 0 Argentina .................................. 807 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Canada

323

TABLE33.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3. 3. Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline Between PAD Districts, January 1998 Crude Oil ........................................................ 0 433 157 978 772 0 58,118 Petroleum Products ...................................... 7,922 0 1,760 5,765 2,885 73,877 20,560 Pentanes Plus ............................................ 0 0 0 159 0 0 549 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ........................ 0 0 1,093 5,010 262 3,310 4,920 Motor Gasoline Blending Components ...... 0 0 1 0 0 0 1,310 Finished Motor Gasoline ............................ 5,162 0 438 502 897 38,620 7,634 Reformulated ......................................... 0 0 0 338 0 10,058 338 Oxygenated ........................................... 0 0 0 0 26 0 0 Other ...................................................... 5,162 0 438 164 871 28,562 7,296 Finished Aviation Gasoline

324

TABLE30.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

............. ............. 16,235 70,132 717,193 12,816 63,808 880,184 Refinery ......................................................................... 15,346 12,756 45,731 2,186 21,772 97,791 Tank Farms and Pipelines ............................................. 869 56,269 94,262 9,834 29,940 191,174 Leases ........................................................................... 20 1,107 13,770 796 961 16,654 Strategic Petroleum Reserve *a ...................................... 0 0 563,430 0 0 563,430 Alaskan In Transit .......................................................... 0 0 0 0 11,135 11,135 Total Stocks, All Oils (excluding Crude Oil) ...................... 172,408 157,248 244,587 18,844 96,499 689,586 Refinery ......................................................................... 56,130 62,610 139,080 13,137

325

vol2app.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

District District Descriptions and Maps The following are the Refining Districts which make up the Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) Dis- tricts. PAD District I East Coast: District of Columbia and the States of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, and the following counties of the State of New York: Cayuga, Tompkins, Chemung, and all counties east and north thereof. Also the following counties in the State of Penn- sylvania: Bradford, Sullivan, Columbia, Montour, North- umberland, Dauphin, York, and all counties east thereof. Appalachian No. 1: The State of West Virginia and those parts of the States of Pennsylvania and New York not included in the East Coast District. Sub-PAD District I New England: The States of Connecticut, Maine, Massa- chusetts,

326

c007.chp:Corel VENTURA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

October October 1998 2 Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products by Grade, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons) Geographic Area Products May 1998 June 1998 July 1998 August 1998 September 1998 October 1998 Cumulative Year To Date 1997 Cumulative Year To Date 1998 Adjusted Year To Date % Change 1 United States Motor Gasoline ......................... 11,050,072 11,122,985 11,574,440 11,361,574 10,756,677 11,205,440 104,699,055 107,767,006 2.9 Regular .................................... 7,880,019 7,944,320 8,207,736 8,034,715 7,610,549 7,928,191 75,005,479 76,598,726 2.1 Conventional ........................... 5,276,193 5,366,477 5,552,097 5,403,924 5,042,027 5,239,498 50,646,680 50,774,256 0.3 Oxygenated ............................ 185,744 196,783 186,843 181,571 248,076 303,759 1,957,702

327

TABLE19.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9. 9. Percent Refinery Yield of Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, a January 1998 Liquefied Refinery Gases ............................................ 1.2 -0.3 1.1 3.4 -0.4 1.9 2.6 Finished Motor Gasoline b ............................................ 49.1 39.8 48.6 51.6 54.9 50.0 51.7 Finished Aviation Gasoline c ........................................ 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 Naphtha-Type Jet Fuel ................................................ 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel .............................................. 6.3 1.2 6.0 6.4 7.8 6.1 6.5 Kerosene ..................................................................... 1.0 4.3 1.2 1.1 0.1 0.3 0.8 Distillate Fuel Oil ......................................................... 26.1 24.0 26.0 23.7 25.0 33.1 25.7 Residual Fuel Oil .........................................................

328

TABLE26.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6. 6. Imports of Residual Fuel Oil by Sulfur Content and by PAD District and State of Entry, January 1998 PAD District I ............................................................................................... 1,481 1,458 4,361 7,300 Delaware .................................................................................................. 0 0 305 305 Florida ...................................................................................................... 0 0 635 635 Maine ....................................................................................................... 67 0 215 282 Maryland .................................................................................................. 0 0 330 330 Massachusetts .........................................................................................

329

table05.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

27 27 - 1,721 -65 -3 170 0 1,511 0 0 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ....... 27 18 40 - 153 -28 - 8 1 257 Pentanes Plus .................................. 3 - 0 - 0 (s) - 0 (s) 2 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............. 24 18 40 - 153 -28 - 8 1 254 Ethane/Ethylene ............................ 8 0 0 - 0 0 - 0 0 8 Propane/Propylene ........................ 11 54 39 - 149 -8 - 0 1 261 Normal Butane/Butylene ............... 4 -27 1 - 3 -18 - 5 (s) -7 Isobutane/Isobutylene ................... 1 -9 0 - 0 -2 - 3 0 -8 Other Liquids .................................... -9 - 183 - 11 17 - 234 1 -67 Other Hydrocarbons/Oxygenates ..... 64 - 22 - 0 7 - 79 1 0 Unfinished Oils ................................. - - 34 - 0 -2 - 104 0 -68 Motor Gasoline Blend. Comp. ........... -72 - 126 - 11 12 - 54 (s) 0 Aviation Gasoline Blend. Comp. ....... - - 0 - 0 1 - -2 0 1 Finished Petroleum Products .......... 76 1,798 771 - 2,918 -104 - - 63 5,603 Finished

330

TABLE14.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4. 4. Production of Crude Oil by PAD District and State, January 1998 PAD District and State Total Daily Average (Thousand Barrels) PAD District I .......................................................................................... 824 27 Florida ................................................................................................. 523 17 New York ............................................................................................. 19 1 Pennsylvania ....................................................................................... 146 5 Virginia ................................................................................................. 1 (s) West Virginia ....................................................................................... 136 4 PAD District

331

TABLE23.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3. 3. PAD District II-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC ................................... 6,219 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 1,253 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 4,966 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Other OPEC .................................. 4,136 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria ...................................... 540 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela ................................. 3,596 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC .................................... 38,160 3,557 0 0 76 0 107 19 0 18 Angola ....................................... 1,853 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Canada ..................................... 30,038 3,557 0 0 76 0 107 19 0 18 Colombia ................................... 1,777 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Ecuador .................................... 376 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Mexico .......................................

332

art0110.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

an an improvement in the accuracy of the 2000 data from good, to better, to best, for initial estimates to final values. These data were presented in a series of PD publications: the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report (WFR), the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM), and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Weekly estimates in the WPSR and WFR were the first values available. Figure FE1 illustrates that as reporting time increases from the weekly estimates to the interim monthly values to the final petroleum supply values, there is an improvement in the accuracy of the data. For the monthly-from-weekly (MFW) data, respondents have the shortest reporting time, and the data are least accurate but "good." For the PSM data, respondents have a longer reporting time than the weekly, and the data are more accurate or "better." For the PSA data, respondents

333

c007.chp:Corel VENTURA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

September September 1998 2 Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products by Grade, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons) Geographic Area Products April 1998 May 1998 June 1998 July 1998 August 1998 September 1998 Cumulative Year To Date 1997 Cumulative Year To Date 1998 Adjusted Year To Date % Change 1 United States Motor Gasoline ......................... 10,610,961 11,050,072 11,122,985 11,574,440 11,361,574 10,744,656 93,964,635 96,549,545 2.8 Regular .................................... 7,582,161 7,880,019 7,944,320 8,207,736 8,034,715 7,602,564 67,296,190 68,662,550 2.0 Conventional ........................... 5,060,136 5,276,193 5,366,477 5,552,097 5,403,924 5,083,172 45,547,967 45,575,903 0.1 Oxygenated ............................ 183,304 185,744 196,783 186,843 181,571 199,535 1,719,120

334

TABLE17.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7. 7. Refinery Net Production of Finished Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, January 1998 Liquefied Refinery Gases ........................................... 576 -7 569 2,415 -51 392 2,756 Ethane/Ethylene ..................................................... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Ethane ............................................................... W W W W W W W Ethylene ............................................................ W W W W W W W Propane/Propylene ................................................ 1,656 33 1,689 2,645 329 628 3,602 Propane ............................................................. W W W 1,979 W W W Propylene .......................................................... W W W 666 W W W Normal Butane/Butylene ........................................ -804 -39 -843 -320 -337 -180 -837 Normal Butane ..................................................

335

table04.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4. 4. PAD District I-Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 1998 Crude Oil ........................................... 824 - 53,357 -2,000 -89 5,262 0 46,830 0 0 16,235 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ........ 829 569 1,233 - 4,737 -869 - 252 24 7,961 5,223 Pentanes Plus ................................ 79 - 0 - 0 7 - 0 1 71 19 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ............ 750 569 1,233 - 4,737 -876 - 252 24 7,889 5,204 Ethane/Ethylene ........................ 262 0 0 - 0 0 - 0 0 262 0 Propane/Propylene .................... 334 1,689 1,206 - 4,630 -262 - 0 20 8,101 4,043 Normal Butane/Butylene ............ 116 -843 27 - 107 -548 - 162 3 -210 821 Isobutane/Isobutylene ................ 38 -277 0 - 0 -66 - 90 0 -263 340 Other Liquids .................................... -272 - 5,668 - 350 537 - 7,268 17 -2,076 19,354 Other Hydrocarbons/Oxygenates ... 1,973

336

c007.chp:Corel VENTURA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

April April 1998 2 Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products by Grade, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons) Geographic Area Products November 1997 December 1997 January 1998 February 1998 March 1998 April 1998 Cumulative Year To Date 1997 Cumulative Year To Date 1998 Adjusted Year To Date % Change 1 United States Motor Gasoline ......................... 10,143,551 10,826,964 10,047,308 9,380,747 10,656,802 10,623,119 39,940,408 40,707,976 1.9 Regular .................................... 7,277,667 7,726,152 7,148,868 6,693,799 7,568,368 7,590,321 28,635,725 29,001,356 1.3 Conventional ........................... 4,682,550 4,963,896 4,563,601 4,300,943 4,969,360 5,069,150 19,138,480 18,903,054 -1.2 Oxygenated ............................ 359,994 386,009 365,693 317,923 252,846 183,287

337

table09.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3,434 3,434 - 5,080 -9 -1,729 230 0 6,546 0 0 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ....... 1,272 347 65 - -68 -208 - 229 29 1,566 Pentanes Plus .................................. 188 - 33 - -5 30 - 66 0 119 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............. 1,084 347 31 - -63 -238 - 163 29 1,446 Ethane/Ethylene ........................... 503 24 18 - 112 -52 - 0 0 709 Propane/Propylene ....................... 363 301 4 - -158 -120 - 0 21 610 Normal Butane/Butylene .............. 76 3 6 - -11 -89 - 100 8 54 Isobutane/Isobutylene ................... 142 19 4 - -6 22 - 63 0 73 Other Liquids .................................... 172 - 223 - -73 82 - 216 65 -41 Other Hydrocarbons/Oxygenates .... 149 - 1 - 0 6 - 97 46 0 Unfinished Oils ................................. - - 221 - 4 72 - 195 0 -41 Motor Gasoline Blend. Comp. .......... 23 - 1 - -77 4 - -76 19 0 Aviation Gasoline Blend. Comp. ....... - - 0 - 0 (s) - (s) 0 0 Finished Petroleum Products

338

TABLE15.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5. 5. Natural Gas Plant Net Production and Stocks of Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining PAD District I PAD District II Commodity East Appalachian Minn., Wis., Okla., Kans., Coast No. 1 Total Ind., Ill., Ky. N. Dak., S. Dak. Mo. Total Net Production Net Production Stocks Stocks Districts, (Thousand Barrels) PAD District III PAD Dist. PAD Dist. Commodity IV V Texas La. Texas Gulf Gulf N. La., New U.S. Inland Coast Coast Ark. Mexico Total Rocky Mt. West Coast Total January 1998 Natural Gas Liquids .................................................. 140 689 829 599 322 7,842 8,763 Pentanes Plus ......................................................... 11 68 79 109 81 956 1,146 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .................................... 129 621 750 490 241 6,886 7,617 Ethane ................................................................ 51 211 262 144 0 2,765 2,909

339

TABLE16.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6. 6. Refinery Input of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, January 1998 Crude Oil ................................................................... 44,047 2,783 46,830 70,320 12,891 21,794 105,005 Natural Gas Liquids ................................................. 252 0 252 2,613 131 1,076 3,820 Pentanes Plus ....................................................... 0 0 0 202 45 522 769 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ................................... 252 0 252 2,411 86 554 3,051 Ethane ............................................................... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Propane ............................................................. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Normal Butane .................................................. 162 0 162 1,792 76 435 2,303 Isobutane ..........................................................

340

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Technology Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for June 30 Results: High Efficiency through Advanced Thermodynamics High-performance computing model operational for advanced combustion reciprocating engine ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

TABLE50.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

37 34 34 Gabon ... 137 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) (s) (s) 137 Germany, FR ... 0 (s) (s) 0 (s) (s) -3 (s) (s) -3 -3 Greece...

342

TABLE21.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

296 250 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon ... 8,597 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany, FR ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 440 0 0 Guatemala...

343

TABLE29.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(s) 17 14 14 Gabon ... 277 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 277 Germany, FR ... 0 0 0 0 (s) 14 (s) (s) (s) 13 13 Greece...

344

TABLE49.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

29 23 23 Gabon ... 117 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) 0 (s) 117 Germany, FR ... 0 (s) (s) 0 0 (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) (s) Greece...

345

TABLE48.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 1 0 1 1,403 (s) French Pacific Islands ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany, FR ... 0 0 3 (s) 0 0 2 2 Ghana...

346

TABLE28.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

0 0 (s) 0 0 0 0 0 French Pacific Islands ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 Germany, FR ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 Ghana...

347

TABLE24.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

69 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon ... 3,025 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany, FR ... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 440 0 0 Guatemala...

348

TABLE47.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, (Thousand Barrels) Destination Liquefied Finished Crude Pentanes Petroleum Motor Distillate Fuel Residual Oil a Plus...

349

TABLES1.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

. Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Overview, 1988 - Present (Thousand Barrels per Day, Except Where Noted) a A negative number indicates a decrease in stocks and a positive number...

350

TABLES3.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

S3. Crude Oil and Petroleum Product Imports, 1988 - Present (Thousand Barrels per Day) See footnotes at end of table. 1988 Average ... 300 58 345 343 92 80 0 0 1989...

351

TABLE51.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

51. Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, July 2004 Crude Oil ... 15,636 62,735...

352

TABLE30.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

30. Refinery Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, July 2004 Crude Oil ......

353

TABLE38.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 Nigeria ... 12,322 2,095 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela ... 33,173 0 611 60 252 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC...

354

TABLE27.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Natural Gas Plant Net Production and Stocks of Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Note: Refer to Appendix A for Refining District descriptions. Source: Energy Information...

355

TABLES2.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

S2. Crude Oil Supply and Disposition, 1988 - Present (Thousand Barrels per Day, Except Where Noted) a Unaccounted for crude oil represents the difference between the supply and...

356

TABLES8.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

S8. PropanePropylene Supply and Disposition, 1988 - Present (Thousand Barrels per Day, Except Where Noted) a A negative number indicates a decrease in stocks and a positive number...

357

TABLE17.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January-July 2004 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Crude Oil ... E 3,124 - 6,137 214 -1,839 226 0 7,411 (s) 0 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs...

358

TABLE54.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Administration (EIA) Forms EIA-812, "Monthly Product Pipeline Report," and EIA-813, Monthly Crude Oil Report." Table 54. Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline...

359

TABLE14.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

July 2004 Crude Oil ... E 96,361 - 191,475 8,821 -56,734 -949 0 240,872 0 0 821,758 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ... 37,472 16,128...

360

TABLE08.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

July 2004 Crude Oil ... E 20 - 1,683 33 3 60 0 1,679 0 0 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ... 17 69 31 - 69 37 - 5 3 142 Pentanes Plus...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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361

TABLE04.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4. U.S. Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, July 2004 Crude Oil ... E 5,404 - 10,302 266 -186 0...

362

TABLE46.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6. Year-to-Date Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, a Crude oil exports are restricted to: (1) crude oil derived from fields under the State waters of...

363

TABLE37.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

7. PAD District II-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a July 2004 Arab OPEC ... 8,977 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Algeria...

364

TABLES7.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

S7. Jet Fuel Supply and Disposition, 1988 - Present (Thousand Barrels per Day, Except Where Noted) a Stocks are totals as of end of period. b A negative number indicates a decrease...

365

TABLE18.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

July 2004 Crude Oil ... E 9,153 - 9,139 1,137 -1,728 -403 0 18,078 26 0 11,236 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ... 6,602 259 194 -...

366

TABLE09.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

January-July 2004 Crude Oil ... E 20 - 1,601 11 13 3 0 1,636 6 0 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ... 18 56 45 - 98 6 - 4 4 202 Pentanes...

367

TABLE13.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January-July 2004 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Crude Oil ... E 433 - 1,075 -71 1,877 26 0 3,275 15 0 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ... 302...

368

TABLE07.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

7. PAD District I-Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum (Thousand Barrels) January-July 2004 Products, Crude Oil ......

369

TABLES5.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

S5. Distillate Fuel Oil Supply and Disposition, 1988 - Present (Thousand Barrels per Day, Except Where Noted) a Stocks are totals as of end of period. Distillate stocks located in...

370

TABLE52.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2. Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks of Selected Petroleum Products by PAD a Distillate stocks located in the "Northeast Heating Oil Reserve" are not included....

371

TABLE32.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Imports of Residual Fuel Oil by Sulfur Content and by PAD District and State of Entry, Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA) Form EIA-814, "Monthly Imports Report." July...

372

TABLE45.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, a Crude oil exports are restricted to: (1) crude oil derived from fields under the State waters of Alaska's Cook...

373

TABLES10.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

0.Other Petroleum Products Supply and Disposition, 1988 - Present (Thousand Barrels per Day, Except Where Noted) a A negative number indicates a decrease in stocks and a positive...

374

TABLE26.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports of Residual Fuel Oil by Sulfur Content and by PAD District and State of Entry, January 1998 PAD District I ......

375

TABLE12.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

July 2004 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Crude Oil ... E 430 - 1,116 -87 1,883 -72 0 3,397 17 0 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ... 302 144 81...

376

TABLE19.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Table 19. PAD District IV-Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum (Thousand Barrels) January-July 2004 Products, Crude Oil...

377

TABLE06.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6. PAD District I-Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, July 2004 Crude Oil ... E 613 - 52,163 1,029...

378

OPTIMAL PGU OPERATION STRATEGY IN CHP SYSTEMS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Traditional power plants only utilize about 30 percent of the primary energy that they consume, and the rest of the energy is usually wasted (more)

Yun, Kyungtae

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

TABLE29.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

9. Refinery Net Production of Finished Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, July 2004 Liquefied Refinery Gases ... 2,082 70...

380

TABLE15.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Table 15. PAD District III-Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum (Thousand Barrels) January-July 2004 Products, Crude Oil...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

TABLE16.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

July 2004 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Crude Oil ... E 3,108 - 6,177 285 -1,830 -31 0 7,770 0 0 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ... 1,209 520...

382

TABLE05.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5. U.S. Year-to-Date Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-July 2004 Crude Oil ... E 5,548 -...

383

TABLE53.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Table 53. Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between July 2004 Crude Oil ... 0 383 0...

384

TABLES9.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

S9. Liquefied Petroleum Gases Supply and Disposition, 1988 - Present (Thousand Barrels per Day, Except Where Noted) a A negative number indicates a decrease in stocks and a...

385

TABLES6.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

S6. Residual Fuel Oil Supply and Disposition, 1988 - Present (Thousand Barrels per Day, Except Where Noted) a A negative number indicates a decrease in stocks and a positive number...

386

TABLE01.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

. U.S. Petroleum Balance, a Unaccounted for crude oil represents the difference between the supply and disposition of crude oil. Refinery processing gain represents the volumetric...

387

TABLE10.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

July 2004 Crude Oil ... E 13,329 - 34,584 -2,696 58,381 -2,235 0 105,309 523 0 62,735 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ... 9,362 4,453...

388

TABLE11.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

(Thousand Barrels) Table 11. PAD District II-Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum January-July 2004 Products, Crude Oil...

389

TABLE17.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7. Refinery Net Production of Finished Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, January 1998 Liquefied Refinery Gases ... 576 -7...

390

TABLE55.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA) Form EIA-817, "Monthly Tanker and Barge Movement Report." July 2004 Crude Oil ......

391

TABLE42.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Norway ... 4,258 0 360 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Russia ... 515 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 United Kingdom...

392

Accelerating CHP Deployment, United States Energy Association...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Materials: April 15 - 16, 2002 Strategies for the Commercialization & Deployment of GHG Intensity-Reducing Technologies & Practices Meeting Materials: May 18-19, 2004 Advanced...

393

TABLES4.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

includes blending of fuel ethanol and an adjustment to correct for the imbalance of motor gasoline blending components. c Beginning in 1981, excludes blending components. d A...

394

table01.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

... 60,218 1,943 Other Liquids Unfinished Oils and Gasoline Blending Components, Total (18) Stock Change (Withdrawal (+), Addition (-))...

395

TABLE31.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

unfinished oils. b Based on total finished motor gasoline output minus net input of motor gasoline blending components, minus input of natural gas plant liquids, other hydrocarbons...

396

VOL2NOTE.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1987 data, all FTZ facilities located within the 50 United States are considered domes- tic entities and are included in PSA statistics. The princi- pal differences in the PSA...

397

CHP/Cogeneration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

description List of CHPCogeneration Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCHPCogeneration&oldid267149" Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

398

TABLE28.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sulfur Content, Weighted Average (percent) ... 0.93 1.58 0.96 1.40 2.26 0.86 1.40 API Gravity, Weighted Average (degrees) ... 32.05 31.65 32.03 31.65 27.43 35.27...

399

TABLE30.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Plant ... 4 109 412 13 19 557 Other HydrocarbonsHydrogenOxygenates ... 2,440 2,175 5,217 230 3,441 13,503 Refinery...

400

TABLE33.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

products are reported by the PAD District of entry. b Includes crude oil imported for storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. c Includes ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE),...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

TABLE34.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

products are reported by the PAD District of entry. b Includes crude oil imported for storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. c Includes ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE),...

402

Deployment of FlexCHP System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cygan Gas Technology Institute U.S. DOE Advanced Manufacturing Office Peer Review Meeting Washington, D.C. May 6-7, 2014 This presentation does not contain any proprietary,...

403

ITP Distributed Energy: CHP Project Development Handbook  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the geographic location, the extent of other infrastructure modifications (e.g., gas pipeline, distribution), and the potential environmental impacts of construction and...

404

TABLE03.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

... 323,489 151,432 52,487 - 16,623 - 45,943 9,726 455,116 111,040 EthaneEthylene ... 143,173 4,697 93 - 1,314 - 0 0 146,649 19,729...

405

TABLE56.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum Gases ... 8,443 4,791 3,652 0 4,993 -4,993 0 0 0 EthaneEthylene ... 5,103 497 4,606 0 2,659 -2,659 0 0 0 Propane...

406

TABLE02.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Refinery Report," EIA-811, "Monthly Bulk Terminal Report," EIA-812, "Monthly Product Pipeline Report," EIA-813, "Monthly Crude Oil Report," EIA-814, "Monthly Imports Report,"...

407

TABLE24.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Refinery Report," EIA-811, "Monthly Bulk Terminal Report," EIA-812, "Monthly Product Pipeline Report," EIA-813, "Monthly Crude Oil Report," EIA-814, "Monthly Imports Report,"...

408

TABLE23.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Refinery Report," EIA-811, "Monthly Bulk Terminal Report," EIA-812, "Monthly Product Pipeline Report," EIA-813, "Monthly Crude Oil Report," EIA-814, "Monthly Imports Report,"...

409

TABLE22.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Refinery Report," EIA-811, "Monthly Bulk Terminal Report," EIA-812, "Monthly Product Pipeline Report," EIA-813, "Monthly Crude Oil Report," EIA-814, "Monthly Imports Report,"...

410

TABLE21.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Refinery Report," EIA-811, "Monthly Bulk Terminal Report," EIA-812, "Monthly Product Pipeline Report," EIA-813, "Monthly Crude Oil Report," EIA-814, "Monthly Imports Report,"...

411

TABLE20.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Refinery Report," EIA-811, "Monthly Bulk Terminal Report," EIA-812, "Monthly Product Pipeline Report," EIA-813, "Monthly Crude Oil Report," EIA-814, "Monthly Imports Report,"...

412

TABLE25.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Refinery Report," EIA-811, "Monthly Bulk Terminal Report," EIA-812, "Monthly Product Pipeline Report," EIA-813, "Monthly Crude Oil Report," EIA-814, "Monthly Imports Report,"...

413

TABLE41.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 0 Mexico ... 9,438 0 0 0 0 0 752 0 0 0 Netherlands ... 0 260 454 7,767 7,720 0 491 1,529 0 52 Netherlands...

414

TABLE43.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Mexico ... 318,699 249 700 150 0 115 300 227 0 0 Netherlands ... 0 0 3,055 530 0 0 0 0 0 0 Netherlands Antilles...

415

TABLE44.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 Mexico ... 9,126 0 0 0 0 1,421 221 917 0 0 Netherlands ... 0 0 0 227 242 0 0 0 0 0 Netherlands Antilles...

416

TABLE36.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Mexico ... 2,186 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Netherlands ... 0 0 0 1,330 1,768 0 0 259 0 0 Netherlands Antilles...

417

TABLE35.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 0 Mexico ... 49,688 38 700 0 0 19 0 0 0 0 Netherlands ... 0 0 50 1,330 1,768 0 0 259 0 0 Netherlands Antilles...

418

TABLE40.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

... 339,696 249 700 150 0 1,536 1,273 1,144 0 0 Netherlands ... 0 260 3,509 8,524 7,962 0 491 1,529 0 52 Netherlands...

419

c007.chp:Corel VENTURA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

February February 1999 2 Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products by Grade, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons) Geographic Area Products September 1998 October 1998 November 1998 December 1998 January 1999 February 1999 Cumulative Year To Date 1998 Cumulative Year To Date 1999 Adjusted Year To Date % Change 1 United States Motor Gasoline ......................... 10,756,677 11,218,355 10,469,445 11,107,600 9,938,105 9,708,621 19,428,055 19,646,726 1.1 Regular .................................... 7,610,549 7,930,901 7,354,578 7,765,179 6,900,227 6,769,190 13,842,667 13,669,417 -1.3 Conventional ........................... 5,042,027 5,215,578 4,741,242 5,010,689 4,376,908 4,333,263 8,864,544 8,710,171 -1.7 Oxygenated ............................ 248,076 329,621 385,740 407,637 395,832

420

c007.chp:Corel VENTURA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

July July 1998 2 Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products by Grade, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons) Geographic Area Products February 1998 March 1998 April 1998 May 1998 June 1998 July 1998 Cumulative Year To Date 1997 Cumulative Year To Date 1998 Adjusted Year To Date % Change 1 United States Motor Gasoline ......................... 9,380,747 10,656,802 10,610,961 11,050,072 11,122,985 11,601,316 72,564,234 74,470,191 2.6 Regular .................................... 6,693,799 7,568,368 7,582,161 7,880,019 7,944,320 8,229,697 51,879,866 53,047,232 2.3 Conventional ........................... 4,300,943 4,969,360 5,060,136 5,276,193 5,366,477 5,562,059 35,127,361 35,098,769 -0.1 Oxygenated ............................ 317,923 252,846 183,304 185,744 196,783 186,843 1,404,673 1,689,136

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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421

TABLE11.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1. 1. PAD District IV-Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day) January 1998 Crude Oil ........................................... 356 - 204 52 -131 -1 0 483 0 0 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ........ 131 (s) 17 - -93 (s) - 19 (s) 35 Pentanes Plus .................................. 25 - 4 - -11 (s) - 5 (s) 12 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............. 106 (s) 14 - -82 (s) - 14 (s) 23 Ethane/Ethylene ........................... 31 0 0 - -41 0 - 0 0 -10 Propane/Propylene ....................... 48 9 8 - -23 -2 - 0 (s) 43 Normal Butane/Butylene ............... 18 -7 6 - -10 1 - 11 0 -5 Isobutane/Isobutylene ................... 9 -3 0 - -8 1 - 2 0 -4 Other Liquids .................................... 11 - 0 - 0 18 - -5 0 -2 Other Hydrocarbons/Oxygenates .... 3 - 0 - 0 -1 - 4 0 0 Unfinished Oils ................................. - - 0 - 0 3 - -1 0 -2 Motor Gasoline

422

TABLE12.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2. 2. PAD District V-Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 1998 Crude Oil ............................................ 67,121 - 13,641 4,786 -2,251 3,132 0 74,187 5,978 0 63,808 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ........ 2,884 1,346 5 - 0 -1,591 - 3,038 451 2,337 3,315 Pentanes Plus ................................... 1,572 - 0 - 0 -1 - 1,293 (s) 280 23 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............. 1,312 1,346 5 - 0 -1,590 - 1,745 450 2,058 3,292 Ethane/Ethylene ............................ 2 0 0 - 0 0 - 0 0 2 0 Propane/Propylene ....................... 358 1,447 5 - 0 -805 - 0 149 2,466 1,676 Normal Butane/Butylene ............... 639 -241 0 - 0 -771 - 1,348 301 -480 1,111 Isobutane/Isobutylene ................... 313 140 0 - 0 -14 - 397 0 70 505 Other Liquids ..................................... 2,710 - 2,197 - 734 2,707 - 2,248 94 592 36,195 Other

423

table03.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3. 3. U.S. Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 1998 Crude Oil ............................................... 6,541 - 8,339 60 389 0 14,319 231 0 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ........... 1,805 497 238 - -497 - 478 68 2,492 Pentanes Plus .................................... 303 - 38 - 37 - 138 15 151 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ................ 1,502 497 200 - -534 - 340 53 2,340 Ethane/Ethylene ............................ 636 24 18 - -55 - 0 0 734 Propane/Propylene ........................ 533 527 137 - -310 - 0 29 1,478 Normal Butane/Butylene ............... 155 -65 28 - -179 - 234 24 39 Isobutane/Isobutylene ................... 178 11 17 - 11 - 106 0 89 Other Liquids ........................................ 285 - 476 - 244 - 564 69 -116 Other Hydrocarbons/Oxygenates ...... 369 - 51 - 33 - 337 50 0 Unfinished Oils ...................................

424

table08.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

106,453 106,453 - 157,490 -279 -53,603 7,143 0 202,918 0 0 717,193 Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs ........ 39,438 10,759 2,005 - -2,109 -6,438 - 7,105 885 48,541 46,872 Pentanes Plus .................................. 5,820 - 1,031 - -167 925 - 2,057 0 3,702 4,603 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............. 33,618 10,759 974 - -1,942 -7,363 - 5,048 885 44,839 42,269 Ethane/Ethylene ........................... 15,603 751 544 - 3,485 -1,605 - 0 0 21,988 14,111 Propane/Propylene ....................... 11,268 9,321 136 - -4,893 -3,707 - 0 637 18,902 15,091 Normal Butane/Butylene ............... 2,346 107 176 - -356 -2,748 - 3,088 248 1,685 7,266 Isobutane/Isobutylene ................... 4,401 580 118 - -178 697 - 1,960 0 2,264 5,801 Other Liquids .................................... 5,321 - 6,903 - -2,255 2,536 - 6,692 2,021 -1,280 65,913 Other Hydrocarbons/Oxygenates .... 4,613 - 22

425

TABLE35.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Thousand Thousand Barrels) January 1998 Crude Oil .................................................................. 344 433 -89 62,087 2,094 59,993 Petroleum Products ................................................ 103,659 8,121 95,538 34,597 13,141 21,456 Pentanes Plus ....................................................... 0 0 0 678 159 519 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ................................... 4,737 0 4,737 6,111 6,365 -254 Ethane/Ethylene ............................................... 0 0 0 773 2,988 -2,215 Propane/Propylene ........................................... 4,630 0 4,630 3,760 2,792 968 Normal Butane/Butylene ................................... 107 0 107 1,086 515 571 Isobutane/Isobutylene ...................................... 0 0 0 492 70 422 Unfinished Oils ......................................................

426

c007.chp:Corel VENTURA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

August August 1998 2 Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Petroleum Products by Grade, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons) Geographic Area Products March 1998 April 1998 May 1998 June 1998 July 1998 August 1998 Cumulative Year To Date 1997 Cumulative Year To Date 1998 Adjusted Year To Date % Change 1 United States Motor Gasoline ......................... 10,656,802 10,610,961 11,050,072 11,122,985 11,574,440 11,349,783 83,669,033 85,793,098 2.5 Regular .................................... 7,568,368 7,582,161 7,880,019 7,944,320 8,207,736 8,027,749 59,854,246 61,053,020 2.0 Conventional ........................... 4,969,360 5,060,136 5,276,193 5,366,477 5,552,097 5,395,647 40,557,222 40,484,454 -0.2 Oxygenated ............................ 252,846 183,304 185,744 196,783 186,843 180,846 1,548,355 1,869,982

427

table02.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2. U.S. Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 1998 Crude Oil ... 202,756 - 258,506 1,851...

428

table03.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 1998 Crude Oil ... 6,541 - 8,339 60 389 0 14,319 231 0...

429

TABLE20.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, January 1998 Crude Oil a,b ... 53,357 48,515 139,013...

430

TABLE32.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between January 1998 Crude Oil ... 0 433 0 344 978...

431

table04.chp:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4. PAD District I-Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 1998 Crude Oil ... 824 - 53,357 -2,000...

432

TABLE18.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8. Refinery Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, January 1998 Crude Oil ......

433

TABLE12.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2. PAD District V-Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 1998 Crude Oil ... 67,121 - 13,641...

434

TABLE27.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, January 1998 Crude Oil a ... 0 1,168 0 0 5,978...

435

TABLE22.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

I-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC ... 6,171 845 0 115 625 0 0 824 0 0 Algeria...

436

TABLE33.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline Between PAD Districts, January 1998 Crude Oil ... 0 433 157 978 772 0...

437

TABLE16.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

6. Refinery Input of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, January 1998 Crude Oil ......

438

TABLE13.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3. PAD District V - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day) January 1998 Crude Oil ......

439

TABLE11.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1. PAD District IV-Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day) January 1998 Crude Oil ... 356...

440

TABLE23.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

II-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC ... 6,219 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

TABLE39.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Ecuador ... 4,535 0 0 0 0 0 0 540 0 0 Japan ... 0 0 0 0 0 825 0 0 0 0 Korea, Republic of...

442

HUD CHP GUIDE #2- FEASIBILITY SCREENING FOR CHP IN MULTIFAMILY HOUSING, May 2009  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Guide shows the screens for the feasibility screening tool, computer software prepared for HUD by ORNL

443

ANALYSIS AND OPTIMIZATION OF CHP, CCHP, CHP-ORC, AND CCHP-ORC SYSTEMS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Increased demand for energy, rising energy costs, and heightened environmental concerns are driving forces that continually press for the improvement and development of new (more)

Hueffed, Anna Kathrine

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

3rd Annual National CHP Roadmap Workshop CHP and DER for Federal...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Gap between Markets and Utility Interconnection and Tariff Practices, 2006 Boston Massachusetts: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities, Energy Efficiency &...

445

Encouraging Combined Heat and Power in California Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reduction turbine internal combustion engine - CHP microturbine - CHP gasturbine - CHP advanced energy storage biogas fuel cell - CHP

Stadler, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Combined Heat and Power Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE's CHP Technical Assistance Partnerships (CHP TAPs) have compiled a select number of CHP project profiles.

447

Heat transfer research on supercritical water flow upward in tube  

SciTech Connect

The experimental research of heat transfer on supercritical water has been carried out on the supercritical water multipurpose test loop with a 7.6 mm upright tube. The experimental data of heat transfer is obtained. The experimental results of thermal-hydraulic parameters on flow and heat transfer of supercritical water show that: Heat transfer enhancement occurs when the fluid temperature reaches pseudo-critical point with low mass flow velocity, and peters out when the mass flow velocity increases. The heat transfer coefficient and Nusselt number decrease with the heat flux or system pressure increases, and increase with the increasing of mass flow velocity. The wall temperature increases when the mass flow velocity decreases or the system pressure increases. (authors)

Li, H. B.; Yang, J. [China Nuclear Power Technology Research Inst., Shenzhen, Guangdong (China); Gu, H. Y.; Zhao, M. [Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ., Shanghai (China); Lu, D. H.; Zhang, J. M.; Wang, F.; Zhang, Y. [China Nuclear Power Technology Research Inst., Shenzhen, Guangdong (China)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Study of Neutrino Oscillation using Upward Throughgoing Muons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purification System and Radon Free Air System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.3 Data Acquisition System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.2.1 Water Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.2.2 20 inch­diameter PMT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.2.3 Water

Tokyo, University of

449

CHP: A Technical & Economic Compliance Strategy - SEE Action...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Action Webinar, January 2012 This presentation, "IndustrialCommercialInstitutional Boiler MACT - Combined Heat and Power: A Technical & Economic Compliance Strategy," by John...

450

Modular CHP System for Utica College: Design Specification, March 2007  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report describes a system specification for purchasing the modularized components of a cogeneration facility for assembly, shipping, and onsite operation.

451

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Combined Heat & Power (CHP...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1991 ERENG 745 NG 87 Medical Area Total Energy Plant MA Boston 1985 BST 62,800 NG 88 Jordan Hospital MA Plymouth 1994 ERENG 1,050 NG 89 Heywood Memorial Hospital MA Gardner 1995...

452

CHP R&D Project Descriptions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

while delivering reliability and durability to the customer. Novel Sorbent to Clean Biogas for Fuel Cell Combined Heat and Power TDA Research Inc., in collaboration with...

453

Combined Heat and Power: Expanding CHP in Your State  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Turbines Electricity On-Site Consumption Sold to Utility Fuel Natural Gas Propane Biogas Landfill Gas Coal Steam Waste Products Others Generator Heat Exchanger Thermal Process...

454

Distributed Generation Study/Patterson Farms CHP System Using...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biogas < Distributed Generation Study Jump to: navigation, search Study Location Auburn, New York Site Description Agricultural Study Type Field Test Technology Internal Combustion...

455

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: 2005 CHP Action Agenda: Innovating...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of a number of helpful provisions. These include requirements that states consider upgrading interconnection policies, a federal study of the benefits of CHPDG that can...

456

ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: CHP and Bioenergy Systems...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

costs are high, and emissions can become a major challenge z The best near-term markets for reciprocating engines with opportunity fuels are ADG and LFG operations in areas...

457

Development of an Advanced Combined Heat and Power (CHP) System...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

rather than light, crude oil for refinery process. The resulting green coke produced from heavy crude oil pro- cessing has a higher sulfur content, which requires a significant...

458

Job 4459300 Ref.No. Prepd. CHP/GEA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Auditing of Buildings and Inspection of Boilers and Air- conditioning Systems Final report Institutional in large buildings 5 2.2 Article 8, Inspection of boilers 6 2.3 Article 9, Inspection of air-conditioning, responsibility for buildings, boilers and air-con systems in Latvia is divided as illustrated below

459

FIGS-5&6.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

S5. Finished Motor Gasoline Supply and Disposition, Figure S6. Motor Gasoline Ending Stocks, 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov...

460

FIG15&16.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5. Liquefied Petroleum Gases Supply and Disposition, Figure S16. Liquefied Petroleum Gases Ending Stocks, Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul 2003 2004 Months 0...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

FIG11&12.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1. Jet Fuel Supply and Disposition, Figure S12. Jet Fuel Ending Stocks, 0 20 40 60 80 0 20 40 60 80 Average Stock Range Lower Operational Inventory Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb...

462

FIG13&14.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

3. PropanePropylene Supply and Disposition, Figure S14. PropanePropylene Ending Stocks, Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul 2003 2004 Months 0 25 50 75 100 0...

463

Recent Developments in Solar-Powered Micro CHP Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Over the last two decades, the world has exhibited an unprecedented increase in the energy resources demand due to the huge technological and industrial developments accompanied by a tremendous population growth....

Muhyiddine Jradi; Saffa Riffat

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

FIGS-7&8.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

S7. Distillate Fuel Oil Supply and Disposition, Figure S8. Distillate Fuel Oil Ending Stocks, 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov...

465

FIGS-1&2.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

. Petroleum Overview, Figure S2. Petroleum Products Supplied, 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May...

466

FIG-9&10.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

S9. Residual Fuel Oil Supply and Disposition, Figure S10. Residual Fuel Oil Ending Stocks, 0 300 600 900 1,200 1,500 0 300 600 900 1,200 1,500 Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar...

467

FIGS-3&4.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

stocks held in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Note: The Lower Operational Inventory for crude oil stocks is 270.0 million barrels. Source: Energy Information...

468

Local Power Empowers: CHP and District Energy (Text Version)...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

technical assistance program presentation. Today we're going to talk about the combined heat and power and district energy possibilities for your local organization. What we're...

469

330 kWe Packaged CHP System with Reduced Emissions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Objective Increase the adoption rate for high-efficiency small- scale Combined Heat and Power systems via development of a flexible, containerized 330 kWe unit. ...

470

Commissioning of CHP Systems - White Paper, April 2008 | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

systems are more complex involving increased attention to atmospheric emissions and electric grid interconnection and sophisticated control logic. This paper details four example...

471

ITP Distributed Energy: The International CHP/DHC Collaborative...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

air emissions to the productive output of a process and encourage the use of fuel conversion efficiency as an air pollution control or prevention measure. Output-based...

472

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Integrated with Burners for Packaged...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Sectors that will most likely benefit are small industrial plants, schools, and health care facilities. Barriers Developing a new ULNB that considers the optimum...

473

Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

building, merchant stores, light industrial, supermarkets, restaurants, hospitality, health care and high-tech industries. In high-tech industries such as telecommunications,...

474

2006-2007 CHP Action Plan, Positioning CHP Value: Solutions for National, Regional and Local Energy Issues, September 2006  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

2006 Action Agenda to provide the situational context in which priorities are set for upcoming year and goals

475

COE 449: Network Security Engineering Dr. Ahmad Almulhem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Textbook Topics Website Grading Topics Overview (chp 1) Foundations (chp 2, 3) Security Policies (Chp 4, 5, 6, 7) Cryptography (Chp 8) Authentication (chp 11) Secure Design Principles (Chp 12) Access Control

Almulhem, Ahmad

476

Optimal Real-time Dispatch for Integrated Energy Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agency], 2007. Catalogue of CHP Technologies. US-EPATim Lipman (Pacific Regional CHP Application Center), and68 CHP E

Firestone, Ryan Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Development of Energy Balances for the State of California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

53 CHP Industrial and CommercialIPPs); (3) combined heat and power (CHP), electric powersector; (4) CHP, industrial sector; and (5) CHP, commercial

Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Flora &Taxonomy (3100:342). Fall 2008 Lecture T TH 1:10-2:00, Lab Th 2-3:30, Room G01 ASEC.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Special dates Topic Reading 8/26 Introduction, Collecting Chp 1 (skim), Chp 6 (skim), Chp 17 9/2 Reproductive terminology; Keys & Keying Chp 6, Chp 9 (pg 364- 389), Chp 15 9/9 Vegetative Terminology Chp 9 (pg 347-364) 9/16 More Terminology 9/23 Nomenclature / Classification Chp 16 9/30 Exam Tues Classification

Mitchell, Randall J.

479

ANL/ESD/08-4 Fuel Cycle Comparison of Distributed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Capacities CHP....................................................................... 5 1bW, without CHP....................................................................... 5 2. Electricity

480

Bachelor of Science in Health Sciences Ophthalmic Technology Track NAME:___________________________________  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

___________________________ Spring CHP 450 Public and Community Health Administration _____3___________________________ CHP 415W, 430

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refusegenerated chp upward" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

VIRGINIA COMMONWEALTH UNIVERSITY Department of Mathematics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Material: Chp. 1: I, II.1,III, Chp.2: I,II,III.1-3, Chp. 3: I-V, Chp. 4: I.1-3,II, Chp.5: I,II Important

Larson, Craig E.

482

n , n , : ,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

................................916-734-9784 CHP, North Sac.............................................916-338-6710 CHP, South Sac .............................................916-681-2300 CHP, Downtown Sac, Capitol ..........................916-322-3337 CHP, Valley Division Department.....................916-617-4600 CHP, Newcastle ............................................916

Nguyen, Danh

483

Annual measurement of sea-ice thickness using an upward-looking sonar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and the forms the ice takes are of great importance to operators in polar conditions. Offshore ...

Rick Hudson

1990-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

484

Psychophysiological Reactivity to Self and Model Images in an Upward Social Comparison Manipulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Chair of Committee, Antonio Cepeda-Benito Committee Members, Marisol Perez Brandon Schmeichel... chair, Dr. Antonio Cepeda-Benito, and my committee members, Drs. Marisol Perez, Brandon Schmeichel, and Louis Tassinary, for their invaluable guidance, time, and support throughout the course of this project. I would also like to extend my deepest...

Tamez, Jeannine

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

485

Conditions for establishing quasistable double layers in the Earth's auroral upward current region  

SciTech Connect

The strength and stability of simulated double layers at the ionosphere-auroral cavity boundary have been studied as a function of cold ionospheric electron temperature and density. The simulations are performed with an open boundary one-dimensional particle-in- cell (PIC) simulation and are initialized by imposing a density cavity within the simulation domain. The PIC simulation includes H{sup +} and O{sup +} ion beams, a hot H{sup +} background population, cold ionospheric electrons, and a hot electron population. It is shown that a double layer remains quasistable for a variety of initial conditions and plasma parameters. The average potential drop of the double layer is found to increase as the cold electron temperature decreases. However, in terms of cold electron density, the average potential drop of the double layer is found to increase up to some critical cold electron density and decreases above this value. Comparisons with FAST observations are made and agreement is found between simulation results and observations in the shape and width of the double layer. This study helps put a constraint on the plasma conditions in which a DL can be expected to form and remain quasistable.

Main, D. S. [Department of Physics, John Brown University, Siloam Springs, Arkansas 72761 (United States); Newman, D. L. [Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Ergun, R. E. [Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

"To Feel the Drumming Earth Come Upward": Indigenizing the American Studies Discipline, Field, Movement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

two of whom (Rob ert K. Thomas and Shirley Hill Witt) identified as American Indians (Oklahoma Cherokee and Akwesasne Mohawk, Wolf Clan, respectively).17 Finally, the issue's contemporary focus contrasted with the emphasis on the past in most...

Clark, D. Anthony Tyeeme; Yetman, Norman R.

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Do Coupled Climate Models Correctly SImulate the Upward Branch of the Deept Ocean Global Conveyor?  

SciTech Connect

The large-scale meridional overturning circulation (MOC) connects the deep ocean, a major reservoir of carbon, to the other components of the climate system and must therefore be accurately represented in Earth System Models. Our project aims to address the specific question of the pathways and mechanisms controlling the upwelling branch of the MOC, a subject of significant disagreement between models and observational syntheses, and among general circulation models. Observations of these pathways are limited, particularly in regions of complex hydrography such as the Southern Ocean. As such, we rely on models to examine theories of the overturning circulation, both physically and biogeochemically. This grant focused on a particular aspect of the meridional overturning circulation (MOC) where there is currently significant disagreement between models and observationally based analyses of the MOC, and amongst general circulation models. In particular, the research focused on addressing the following questions: 1. Where does the deep water that sinks in the polar regions rise to the surface? 2. What processes are responsible for this rise? 3. Do state-of-the-art coupled GCMs capture these processes? Our research had three key components: observational synthesis, model development and model analysis. In this final report we outline the key results from these areas of research for the 2007 to 2012 grant period. The research described here was carried out primarily by graduate student, Daniele Bianchi (now a Postdoc at McGill University, Canada), and Postdoc Stephanie Downes (now a Research Fellow at The Australian national University, Australia). Additional support was provided for programmers Jennifer Simeon as well as Rick Slater.

Sarmiento, Jorge L; Downes, Stephanie; Bianchi, Daniele

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

488

CONSERVATION BIOLOGY GBIO 485 SPRING 2012 Lecture: M W 11-12:15 Lab: W 1:00-3:50 4 Credit Hours  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/What is Conservation Biology Chp 1 Jan 23 History of ConBio/Biodiversity Pattern & Process Chp 1/Chp 2 Jan 25 Biodiversity Pattern & Process Chp 2 Jan 30 Biodiversity Pattern & Process Chp 2 Feb 1 Value of Biodiversity ­ Ecological & Evolutionary Considerations Chp. 2 pp 53-60; Chp. 11 pp 375-385 Feb 6 Biodiversity Loss

Bossart, Janice L.

489

arXiv:math.AG/9903204v11Mar1999 Annals of Mathematics, 149 (1999), 451473  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

filtration on Chow groups CHp (X)Q = F0 CHp (X)Q F1 CHp (X)Q = CHp (X)hom Q . . . Fp+1 CHp (X)Q = 0, so that a corre- spondence X ? Y should induce : Fk CHp (X)Q Fk CHp (Y )Q, where p = p + dim Y - dim , and ii) the induced map Grk : Grk F CHp (X)Q Grk F CHp (Y )Q should vanish when is homologous

Voisin, Claire

490

International Microgrid Assessment: Governance,INcentives, and Experience (IMAGINE)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat pumps Diesel gensets CHP Fuel cell Microturbines Hydroor microturbines, possibly in CHP systems. Many renewableas well as targets for CHP. Microgrids offer the abilities

Romankiewicz, John

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Modeling of Thermal Storage Systems in MILP Distributed Energy Resource Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tanks in the simulation of CHP plants," Energy Conversionoption combined with CHP system for different commercialas combined heat and power (CHP) or photovoltaics (PV), can

Steen, David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Invasive Plants, Fire Succession, and Restoration of Creosote Bush Scrub in Southern California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Southeastern Deserts Bioregion. Chp 16 in: Sugihara, N. G. ,Southeastern Deserts Bioregion. Chp 16 in: Sugihara, N. G. ,Southeastern Deserts Bioregion. Chp 16 in: Sugihara, N. G. ,

Steers, Robert Jeremy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Optimal Planning and Operation of Smart Grids with Electric Vehicle Interconnection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GWh] combined heat and power (CHP) and other distributenand combined heat and power (CHP) systems with and withoutrenewable energy source or CHP system at the building could

Stadler, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DCS-CHP system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7521 Stationary collector CHP to stationary PV performancesolar dish collector DCS-CHP system . . . . . . 28 Water and

Norwood, Zachary Mills

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

International Microgrid Assessment: Governance, Incentives, and Experience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policy Lower costs; RPS, CHP, DG targets; Electricityon renewable energy and CHP (Chevron Energy Solutions), andcontrol system, now CHP Secrets of success: Involvement and

Zhou, Nan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Lessons Learned from Microgrid Demonstrations Worldwide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

19 Recommendation 4: Integrate energy functions: CHP and4: Integrate energy functions: CHP and CCHP Demands forand power technologies (CHP) as well as combined cooling,

Marnay, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Energy efficiency improvement and cost saving opportunities for petroleum refineries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Units. Heat Recovery & CHP Systems 5 8 pp.483-488. Swain,CHP).44. Zollar, J. , 2002. CHP Integration with Fluid Heating

Worrell, Ernst; Galitsky, Christina

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Investment and Upgrade in Distributed Generation under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DG) and combined heat and power (CHP) applications via heatrates and the potential for CHP applications increase theand combined heat and power (CHP) 2 applications matched to

Siddiqui, Afzal

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

THE CO2 ABATEMENT POTENTIAL OF CALIFORNIA'S MID-SIZED COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

21 Figure 10. Adopted CHP Capacities by Forecasting Zones (Electricity Generation from CHP by Forecasting Zones (FZs),12. Capacity Factors for CHP by Forecasting Zones (FZs),

Stadler, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

International Microgrid Assessment: Governance, INcentives, and Experience (IMAGINE)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy functions, such as CHP and CCHP with solar thermal72 Recommendation B4: Integrate energy functions: CHP andTechnology Solutions CHP Combined heat and power CNY

Marnay, Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z