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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

2014-10-06 DOE Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement Overview for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, Freezers, Dehumidifiers, Room Air Conditioners, Clothes Washers, Clothes Dryers, and Dishwashers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation provides an overview of DOE Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, Freezers, Dehumidifiers, Room Air Conditioners, Clothes Washers, Clothes Dryers, and Dishwashers. It was presented via webinar on October 6, 2014.

2

Conservation Division regiulations for appliance-efficiency standards relating to refrigerators and freezers, room air conditioners, central air conditioners, gas space heaters, water heaters, plumbing fittings, gas clothes dryers, and gas cooking appliances  

SciTech Connect

The text of the appliance efficiency standards for certain types of new appliances sold in California is presented. Specifications and test methods to identify complying refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners, gas space heaters, water heaters, plumbing fittings, gas clothes dryers, and gas cooking appliances are covered.

Not Available

1981-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

3

Superinsulation in refrigerators and freezers  

SciTech Connect

The results presented here were obtained during Phase 4 of the first CRADA, which had the specific objective of determining the lifetime of superinsulations when installed in simulated refrigerator doors. The second CRADA was established to evaluate and test design concepts proposed to significantly reduce energy consumption in a refrigerator-freezer that is representative of approximately 60% of the US market. The stated goal of this CRADA is to demonstrate advanced technologies which reduce, by 50%, the 1993 National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA) standard energy consumption for a 20 ft{sup 3} (570 L) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. For a unit this size, the goal translates to an energy consumption of 1.003 kWh/d. The general objective of the research is to facilitate the introduction of efficient appliances by demonstrating design changes that can be effectively incorporated into new products. In previous work on this project, a Phase 1 prototype refrigerator-freezer achieved an energy consumption of 1.413 kWh/d [Vineyard, et al., 1995]. Following discussions with an advisory group comprised of all the major refrigerator-freezer manufacturers, several options were considered for the Phase 2 effort, one of which was cabinet heat load reductions.

Vineyard, E.; Stovall, T.K.; Wilkes, K.E.; Childs, K.W.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Energy-efficiency directory of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers  

SciTech Connect

Information is presented about the energy costs of operating refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers and includes the type of refrigerator or refrigerator-freezer, the fresh food volume, the freezer volume, the total volume, and the yearly energy cost. The directory lists all currently marketed electric refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers that have Energy Guide labels. The Federal Trade Commission requires manufacturers who distribute refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers to attach Energy Guide labels to appliances manufactured on or after May 19, 1980. The data have been measured by manufacturers and/or their agents according to US Government standard test procedures.

Statt, T.G.; Coggins, J.L.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 Residential Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 - v2.8.xlsx More Documents & Publications Refrigerators and...

6

Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial refrigerators and freezers, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

7

Energy use of US residential refrigerators and freezers: function derivation based on household and climate characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

residential refrigerators and freezers: function derivationsecond most-used) refrigerators, and freezers, and residualfor more efficient refrigerators and freezers, as well as

Greenblatt, Jeffery

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Refrigerator/freezer energy use: Measured values vs. simulation results  

SciTech Connect

The EPA Refrigerator Analysis (ERA) program was utilized in the engineering analysis performed to support the proposed refrigerator/freezer standards in the United States. In this paper the accuracy of the ERA program for predicting the energy consumption of domestic refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers is studied by comparing the predicted energy consumption with the measured energy consumption.

Hakim, S.H.; Turiel, I. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

9

2014-04-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers; Final Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding test procedures for residential refrigerators and freezers, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on April 10, 2014.

10

APPLIANCE EFFICIENCY REGULATIONS FOR REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mobile equipment. (c) Central air conditioning heat pumps, regardless of capacity, except that requirements for central air conditioning heat pumps with cooling capacity of 135,000 Btu per hour or more#12;#12;APPLIANCE EFFICIENCY REGULATIONS FOR REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS

11

Refrigerator-freezer energy testing with alternative refrigerants  

SciTech Connect

As a result of the Montreal Protocol that limits the production of ozone-depleting refrigerants, manufacturers are searching for alternatives to replace the R12 that is presently used in residential refrigerator-freezers. Before an alternative can be selected, several issues must be resolved. Among these are energy impacts, system compatibility, cost, and availability. In an effort to determine the energy impacts of some of the alternatives, energy consumption tests were performed in accordance with section 8 of the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) standard for household refrigerators and household freezers. The results are presented for an 18 cubic foot (0.51 cubic meter), top-mount refrigerator-freezer with a static condenser using the following refrigerants: R12, R500, R12/Dimethyl-ether (DME), R22/R142b, and R134a. Conclusions from the AHAM test are that R500 and R12 /DME have a reduced energy consumption relative to R12 when replaced in the test unit with no modifications to the refrigeration system. Run times were slightly lower than R12 for both refrigerants indicating a higher capacity. While the R134a and R22/R142b results were less promising refrigeration system, such as a different capillary tube or compressor, may improve their performance. 12 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.; Miller, W.A.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Refrigerator-freezer energy testing with alternative refrigerants  

SciTech Connect

As a result of the Montreal Protocol (UNEP 1987) that limits the production of ozone-depleting refrigerants, manufacturers are searching for alternatives to replace the R12 that is presently used in residential refrigerator-freezers. Before an alternative can be selected, several issues must resolved. Among these are energy impacts, system compatibility, cost, and availability, In an effort to determine the energy impacts of some of the alternatives, energy consumption tests were performed in accordance with section 8 of the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) standard for household refrigerators and household freezers (AHAM 1985). The results are presented for an 18 ft{sup 3} (0.51 m{sup 3}), top mount refrigerators-freezer with a static condenser using the following refrigerants: R 12, R500, R12/dimethylether (DME), R22/R142b, and R134a. Conclusions from the AHAM test are that R500 and R12/DME have a reduced energy consumption relative to R12 when replaced in the test unit with no modifications to the refrigeration system. Run times were slightly lower than R12 for both refrigerants, indicating a higher capacity. While the R134a and R22/R142b results were less promising (6.8% and 8.5% higher energy consumption, respectively), changes to the refrigeration system, such as a different capillary tube or compressor, may improve their performance. It is noted that the test results are only an initial step in determining a replacement for R12.

Sand, J.R. (Oak Ridge National Lab., Oak Ridge, TN (US)); Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

DOE Resolves Avanti Refrigerator and Freezer Civil Penalty Case  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Today, the Department of Energy announced that it has resolved the civil penalty action against Mackle Company for its failure to certify that refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers sold under the...

14

Synopsis of residential refrigerator/freezer alternative refrigerants evaluation  

SciTech Connect

The experimental testing on residential refrigerator/freezers (R/Fs) is summarized in this paper. R/F testing focused on two areas: alternative refrigerants and equipment configurations. The refrigerants evaluated consisted of single components, azeotropes, and zeotropes derived from hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and hydrocarbons (HCs). These refrigerants were evaluated in conventional and unconventional R/F designs. Major and minor design modifications were studied. Minor modifications consisted of various capillary tube lengths, door insulations, and compressors, while major modifications included two-evaporator and two-cycle R/F systems. Results obtained from testing the two-cycle system will be discussed in a later paper. This paper presents the experimental results of alternative technologies evaluated as replacements for ozone depleting chemicals.

Baskin, E. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

15

6 Energy Saving Tips for Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

To help businesses save energy and money, the Energy Department today announced new standards aimed at making commercial refrigerators and freezers. Here are just a few more tips to increase the energy efficiency of these appliances.

16

Performance of a two-cycle refrigerator/freezer using HFC refrigerants  

SciTech Connect

A two-cycle 18 ft{sup 3} (0.51 m{sup 3}) refrigerator/freezer was tested utilizing American National Standards Institute/Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (ANSI/AHAM) standards for energy consumption testing. A 34.9% energy consumption reduction was realized for a 1984 model refrigerator/freezer (1020 kWh original energy use). This paper presents a proven method of reducing the current Department of Energy (DOE) minimum energy-efficiency standards for refrigerator/freezers to the proposed year 2001 standards utilizing existing technology. For a top-mount, frost-free refrigerator/freezer having the above volume, the current DOE minimum energy standard is 770 kWh/year, and the proposed DOE year 2001 standard is 530 kWh/year (a 31% reduction). Therefore, some significant reductions may be obtained by implementing the modifications discussed in this paper into newer refrigerator/freezer models. The paper gives an overview of the modifications implemented by a Danish university on a US refrigerator/freezer and presents experimental performance testing results of the refrigerator/freezer. The modifications will cause the refrigerator/freezer to be more expensive, but the performance enhancements should offset cost. No cost analysis is presented in this paper, but a detailed cost analysis of a two-cycle refrigerator/freezer is contained in a 1993 US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) report (EPA 1993). The refrigerator/freezer was tested using four refrigerants and compressors. Two compressors and refrigerants were tested in the freezer cycle, and four were tested in the fresh food cycle.

Baskin, E.; Delafield, F.R.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Beer-dispensing and direct draw units Glass frosters Deep well and bunker freezers. Open-air units, deli cases, prep tables, drawer cabinets, laboratory-grade products,...

18

Energy performance listings: Residential refrigerator/freezers  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Performance Listings series provides comparative information across manufacturers on products. The Refrigerator/Freezers Listings include more than 2900 models that meet or exceed federal standards contained in the Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products. Information on model energy efficiency levels, performance characteristics, and manufacturer names permits easy selection of top-performing equipment. Each Energy Performance Listing includes an introductory section, two sections of model listings, and an appendix with manufacturer contacts. The first model-listing section presents information in descending order of efficiency for all manufacturers. These efficiency-ordered listings also include banners or symbols to identify voluntary efficiency thresholds for U.S. DOE/U.S. EPA`s Energy Star Program and U.S. DOE`s Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). Products listed above each banner meet or exceed the efficiency level established by the Energy Star program. All models noted with the symbol meet or exceed FEMP levels. With these listings, users can quickly identify the most efficient product in a particular size range, identify products that meet the efficiency criteria of a specific program, or determine an efficiency threshold that will include a specific number of manufacturers. The second section of model listings presents products grouped by manufacturer and catalog number, allowing users to quickly find and identify performance information on specific models. Energy Performance Listings are tools that support purchasing and procurement by federal, state, and local governments and others, including utility companies, energy interest groups, and research organizations. The listings may be used for program design and planning purposes, equipment selection, specification, and purchasing decisions. The listings are a product of the Energy-Efficient Procurement Collaborative, Inc. and are available through NYSERDA.

NONE

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

2014-07-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers; Final Rule Correction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule correction regarding test procedures for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on July 10, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

20

Removing Odors from Refrigerators and Freezers after Food has Spoiled  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ER-005 6-06 Extension Family and Consumer Science Specialists The Texas A&M University System If food has spoiled in a refrigerator or freezer because of a power failure or some other reason, undesirable odors can develop. To eliminate these odors...

FCS Project Team - FDRM UNIT

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Product Refrigerator Freezer Fresh, in shell 4 to 5 weeks Don't freeze  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Product Refrigerator Freezer Eggs Fresh, in shell 4 to 5 weeks Don't freeze Raw yolks, whites 2 recommended storage times are for quality only. Refrigerator & Freezer Storage Chart Product Refrigerator, opened 3 days Don't freeze unopened 10 days 1 year Mayonnaise, commercial Refrigerate after opening 2

Burke, Peter

22

Energy consumption testing of innovative refrigerator-freezers  

SciTech Connect

The high ambient temperature of the Canadian Standards Association (CSA) and the AHAM/DOE Refrigerator-Freezer Energy Consumption Standards is intended to compensate for the lack of door openings and other heat loads. Recently published results by Meier and Jansky (1993) indicate labeled consumption overpredicting typical field consumption by 15%. In-house field studies on conventional models showed labeled consumption overpredicting by about 22%. The Refrigerator-Freezer Technology Assessment (RFTA) test was developed to more accurately predict field consumption. This test has ambient temperature and humidity, door openings, and condensation control set at levels intended to typify Canadian household conditions. It also assesses consumption at exactly defined compartment rating temperatures. Ten conventional and energy-efficient production models were laboratory tested. The RFTA results were about 30% lower than labeled. Similarly, the four innovative refrigerator-freezer models, when field tested, also had an average of 30% lower consumption than labeled. Thus, the results of the limited testing suggest that the RFTA test may be a more accurate predictor of field use. Further testing with a larger sample is recommended. Experimental results also indicated that some innovative models could save up to 50% of the energy consumption compared with similar conventional units. The technologies that contributed to this performance included dual compressors, more efficient compressors and fan motors, off-state refrigerant control valve, fuzzy logic control, and thicker insulation. The larger savings were on limited production models, for which additional production engineering is required for full marketability.

Wong, M.T.; Howell, B.T.; Jones, W.R. [Ontario Hydro Technologies, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Long, D.L. [Statistical Solutions, Mississauga, Ontario (Canada)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

23

NASA advanced refrigerator/freezer technology development project overview  

SciTech Connect

NASA Lewis Research Center (LeRC) has recently initiated a three-year project to develop the advanced refrigerator/freezer (R/F) technologies needed to support future life and biomedical sciences space experiments. Refrigerator/freezer laboratory equipment, most of which needs to be developed, is enabling to about 75 percent of the planned space station life and biomedical science experiments. These experiments will require five different classes of equipment; three storage freezers operating at -20 C, -70 C and less than 183 C, a -70 C freeze-dryer, and a cryogenic (less than 183 C) quick/snap freezer. This project is in response to a survey of cooling system technologies, performed by a team of NASA scientists and engineers. The team found that the technologies required for future R/F systems to support life and biomedical sciences spaceflight experiments, do not exist at an adequate state of development and concluded that a program to develop the advanced R/F technologies is needed. Limitations on spaceflight system size, mass, and power consumption present a significant challenge in developing these systems. This paper presents some background and a description of the Advanced R/F Technology Development Project, project approach and schedule, general description of the R/F systems, and a review of the major R/F equipment requirements.

Cairelli, J.E.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Refrigerator/freezer directory: sorted by type and volume, based on 1979 standards  

SciTech Connect

This directory identifies refrigerators, freezers and combinations thereof, that have been certified as complying with the regulations that became effective on November 3, 1979.

Not Available

1980-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

25

Factors affecting the energy consumption of two refrigerator-freezers  

SciTech Connect

Two refrigerator-freezers, one with a top-mounted freezer and one with side-by-side doors, were tested in the laboratory to determine the sensitivity of their energy consumption to various operational factors. Room temperature, room humidity, door openings, and the setting of the anti-sweat heater switch were the factors examined. The results indicated that the room temperature and door openings had a significantly greater effect on energy consumption than the other two factors. More detailed tests were then performed under different room temperature and door-opening combinations. The relationship of door openings and the equivalent test room temperature was established. Finally, the effect on energy of different temperature settings was studied. Test results are presented and discussed.

Kao, J.Y.; Kelley, G.E. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Building and Fire Research Lab.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

26

Combination cooler and freezer for refrigerating containers and food in outer space  

SciTech Connect

A refrigeration apparatus for cooling containers and food in the microgravity conditions of outer space is described comprising: (a) a housing defining a refrigeration compartment for supporting the containers in a container storage area and food in a refrigerated food storage area, and freezer compartment; (b) cold plate means within the refrigeration compartment for cooling the containers and food by conduction; (c) thermoelectric refrigeration means for maintaining the cold plates at temperatures which cool the contents of the refrigeration compartment, and the freezer compartment.

Rudick, A.G.

1988-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

27

Compressor calorimeter performance of refrigerant blends: Comparative methods and results for a refrigerator/freezer application  

SciTech Connect

A protocol was developed to define calorimeter operating pressures for nonazeotropic refrigerant mixtures (NARMs) which corresponded with the saturated evaporator and condenser temperatures commonly used for pure refrigerants. Compressor calorimeter results were obtained using this equivalent-mean-temperature (EMT) approach and a generally applied Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) procedure at conditions characteristic of a domestic refrigerator-freezer application. Tests with R-12 and two NARMs indicate that compressor volumetric and isentropic efficiencies are nearly the same for refrigerants with similar capacities and pressure ratios. The liquid-line temperature conditions specified in the AHAM calorimeter rating procedure for refrigerator-freezer compressors were found to preferentially derate NARM performance relative to R-12. Conversion of calorimeter data taken with a fixed liquid-line temperature to a uniform minimal level of condenser subcooling is recommended as a fairer procedure when NARMs are involved. Compressor energy-efficiency-ratio (EER) and capacity data measured as a result of the EMT approach were compared to system performance calculated using an equivalent-heat-exchanger-loading (EHXL) protocol based on a Lorenz-Meutzner (L-M) refrigerator-freezer modeling program. The EHXL protocol was used to transform the calorimeter results into a more relevant representation of potential L-M cycle performance. The EMT method used to set up the calorimeter tests and the AHAM liquid-line conditions combined to significantly understate the cycle potential of NARMs relative to that predicted at the more appropriate EHXL conditions. Compressor conditions representative of larger heat exchanger sizes were also found to give a smaller L-M cycle advantage relative to R-12.

Rice, C K; Sand, J R

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Adapted from FDA refrigerator and freezer guidelines: http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Food/ResourcesForYou/HealthEducators/UCM109315.pdf Have you ever wondered how long you should keep things in the refrigerator or freezer? If so, then the chart below can he  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adapted from FDA refrigerator and freezer guidelines: http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Food/ResourcesForYou/HealthEducators/UCM109315.pdf Have you ever wondered how long you should keep things in the refrigerator or freezer? If so to preserve quality. Refrigerator & Freezer Storage Chart Product Refrigerator Freezer Product Refrigerator

29

The alternative refrigerant dilemma for refrigerator-freezers: Truth or consequences  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to select a refrigerant that has minimal impact on energy consumption and the environment, a screening analysis of potential refrigerants was performed that resulted in the selection of six candidates. The screening results show that R-134a, R-134, R-152a, R-134a/R-152a, R-22/R-152a/R-124, and R-134a/R-152a/R-124 are the most promising refrigerants based on the following criteria: ozone depletion potential, greenhouse warming potential, coefficient of performance, and safety. Energy consumption tests were performed for the three pure refrigerants in accordance with the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers standard for household refrigerators and household freezers. The results indicate an increased energy consumption of 6.8%, 7.3%, and 7.3%, respectively for R-134, R-152a, and R-134a in the most efficient oil. However, when the effects of compressor efficiency are taken into account, the normalized energy consumption results in an increase of only 2.7% for R-152a and 5.5% for both R-134a and R-134. 14 refs., 5 tabs.

Vineyard, E.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Review of energy efficiency of refrigerator/freezer gaskets. Final report, Jul-Nov 90  

SciTech Connect

The report gives results of an investigation of the significance of heat leakage through gaskets in household refrigerator/freezers, explores different design features, and suggests further study if necessary. The report gives results of an extensive literature review, interviews with refrigerator/freezer and gasket manufacturers, and some engineering analysis. (NOTE: Home refrigerators are the largest consumers of electricity among household appliances and are consuming an estimated 8% of the total electricity used in the U.S. Recent studies show that gasket area heat leakage may account for as much as 21% of the total thermal load.)

Ghassemi, M.; Shapiro, H.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Evaluation of ozone-friendly hydrofluoropropane-based zeotropic refrigerant mixtures in a Lorenz-Meutzner refrigerator/freezer  

SciTech Connect

The design of the Lorenz-Meutzner refrigerator/freezer has two evaporators (located in the freezer and fresh food compartments), which makes it a leading candidate for use of zeotropic refrigerant mixtures. Zeotropic mixtures can have significant temperature glides during evaporation and condensation. Performance of the zeotropic mixture can be maximized in the LM design by permitting the lower end of the temperature glide to occur in the freezer compartment evaporator and the higher end in the fresh food compartment evaporator. Several hydrofluoropropane-based zeotropes (e.g., R-227 ea/R-245ca) have been shown through steady-state modeling to outperform R-134a by up to 15%. Results from previous testing of this refrigerator/freezer using R-32/R-124 (zeotropic mixture) were published in an ASHRAE paper (Sand et al. 1993). Their results showed performance gains of approximately 3% over R-12. In the study presented in this paper, the Lorenz-Meutzner refrigerator/freezer having two evaporators and two intercoolers was experimentally tested in an environmental chamber according to Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers/Department of Energy (AHAM/DOE) testing standards using several hydrofluoropropane-based zeotropic mixtures. The results are compared to baseline testing with R-134a. The R-245ca/R-134a and R-245ca/R-152a mixtures performed comparably to R-134a. R-245ca/R-270 outperformed all zeotropic mixtures and R-134a by at least 16%. Also, a refrigerant sampling loop is added to determine the running composition of the mixture and its effects on the performance of the refrigerator/freezer.

Baskin, E. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Bayoglu, E.S.; Delafield, F.R. [Acurex Environmental Corp., Durham, NC (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

32

Cost-efficiency analysis in support of the energy conservation standards for refrigerator/freezers  

SciTech Connect

The National Appliance Energy Conservation At (NAECA) of 1987 requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended energy-efficiency standards for refrigerators and freezers along with several other appliances. This paper describes the cost-efficiency analysis of design options carried out in support of the proposed 1998 standards for refrigerator/freezers. These proposed standards are unique in that they have been reached by a consensus of various interested parties including the trade association of refrigerator and freezer manufacturers, environmental groups, state energy offices, and utility companies. In large part, these consensus standards are based on the analysis described in this paper. The analysis shows that, for example, for a 515-liter (18.2-ft{sup 3}) top-mount automatic-defrost refrigerator-freezer, the annual energy consumption can be reduced from 700 kWh/yr (2.52 GJ/yr) to 484 kWh/yr (1.74 GJ/yr) (30.9%) by the use of more efficient fan motors and compressors, improved gaskets, and insulation that is {1/2}-inch (12.7 mm) thicker. The energy use can be further reduced to 422 kWh/yr (1.52 GJ/yr) (39.8%) by employing improved heat exchangers, switching to adaptive defrost, and employing vacuum panel insulation instead of thicker walls and doors.

Hakim, S.H.; Turiel, I. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

33

Field usage and its impact on energy consumption of refrigerator/freezers  

SciTech Connect

This study investigated the effect of door openings and kitchen environment on the energy consumption of nine household refrigerator/freezers (R/Fs) in the field. The factors under consideration include fresh food and freezer door openings, length of door openings, ambient kitchen temperature, and kitchen relative humidity (RH). Average daily energy consumption for the nine units ranged from 1.7 to 5.3 kWh/day. Energy consumption was found to correlate with kitchen temperature and the number of door openings. No dependence on kitchen relative humidity was found. In general, the magnitude of the door opening component of energy consumption was higher for the more efficient units.

Gage, C.L. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States). Air Pollution Prevention and Control Div.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

34

An experimental analysis of cycling losses in domestic refrigerator-freezers  

SciTech Connect

This paper identifies and quantifies the cycling losses in a domestic refrigerator-freezer. During cycling operation the refrigerator was found to operate between 5% and 25% less efficiently than the corresponding quasi-steady machine. The cycling refrigerator operates with an evaporator capacity between 3% and 17% less than that of the quasi-steady refrigerator while at the same time requiring between 1% and 9% more power to operate. This refrigerator performance degradation was attributed to several factors, the most important being the refrigerant migration and the thermal mass of the evaporator and compressor. During the off-cycle, refrigerant migrates from the condenser to the evaporator as the system pressures equalize. The off-cycle migration increases the temperature of the evaporator and necessitates refrigerant redistribution during the on-cycle and thereby tends to reduce system performance. The increased power requirements, traced to the compressor, result from slight differences in system pressure and the reduced compressor efficiency due to a cool compressor. With the cycling losses identified, several possible refrigerator design changes were suggested. It appears that a refrigerator equipped with a reciprocating compressor, solenoid valves to isolate the condenser, and no accumulator should operate in a nearly quasi-steady manner.

Coulter, W.H. [DuPont Co., Belle, WV (United States); Bullard, C.W. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Center

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

35

Europe’s Most Energy Efficient Refrigerator-Freezers — the European Countries Working Together on the Forefront of the Market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the outcome and the lessons learned from the first round of the Energy+ procurement project of refrigerator-freezers carried out ... project, that was preceded by a thorough market study, is t...

Anna Engleryd; Sophie Attali

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Simulating effects of multispeed compressors on refrigerator/freezer performance  

SciTech Connect

Simulation analyses suggest that a multispeed compressor could increase steady-state operating efficiency by 4% to 14%. An additional 0.5% to 4% energy savings might be obtained from the reduction in the cycling frequency of the refrigerator. Several aspects of the robustness of the capillary tube-suction line heat exchanger design for the two-speed compressor system were also examined with the simulation model. It was shown that a system optimized for low-speed operation, when operating at the high speed, could have as much capacity as the original base case high-speed system. A relatively simple control strategy was proposed, one that requires measurement of on-cycle time and one or two compartment air temperatures. The effects of varying the speed of the evaporator or condenser fans at both compressor speeds were examined over a range of ambient temperatures. One energy-saving scenario was identified: decreasing the condenser fan speed for refrigerators operating at low ambient temperatures. By affecting the distribution of refrigerant change throughout the system, the decrease in condenser fan speed reduces the superheat in the evaporator and increases the overall UA of the evaporator. The resulting increase in evaporator capacity more than offsets the decrease in condenser UA and the energy use of the refrigerator is decreased.

Woodall, R.J. [International Paper Technology, Mobile, AL (United States); Bullard, C.W. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Center

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

37

Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers including draft environmental assessment, regulatory impact analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (P.L. 94-163), as amended by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 (P.L. 100-12) and by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Amendments of 1988 (P.L. 100-357), and by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 102-486), provides energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products` covered by the Act, and authorizes the Secretary of Energy to prescribe amended or new energy standards for each type (or class) of covered product. The assessment of the proposed standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers presented in this document is designed to evaluate their economic impacts according to the criteria in the Act. It includes an engineering analysis of the cost and performance of design options to improve the efficiency of the products; forecasts of the number and average efficiency of products sold, the amount of energy the products will consume, and their prices and operating expenses; a determination of change in investment, revenues, and costs to manufacturers of the products; a calculation of the costs and benefits to consumers, electric utilities, and the nation as a whole; and an assessment of the environmental impacts of the proposed standards.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Fridge of the future: Designing a one-kilowatt-hour/day domestic refrigerator-freezer  

SciTech Connect

An industry/government Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) was established to evaluate and test design concepts for a domestic refrigerator-freezer unit that represents approximately 60% of the US market. The goal of the CRADA was to demonstrate advanced technologies which reduce, by 50 percent, the 1993 NAECA standard energy consumption for a 20 ft{sup 3} (570 I) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. For a unit this size, the goal translated to an energy consumption of 1.003 kWh/d. The general objective of the research was to facilitate the introduction of cost-efficient technologies by demonstrating design changes that can be effectively incorporated into new products. A 1996 model refrigerator-freezer was selected as the baseline unit for testing. Since the unit was required to meet the 1993 NAECA standards, the energy consumption was quite low (1.676 kWh/d), thus making further reductions in energy consumption very challenging. Among the energy saving features incorporated into the original design of the baseline unit were a low-wattage evaporator fan, increased insulation thicknesses, and liquid line flange heaters.

Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Waste-heat-driven refrigeration plants for freezer trawlers  

SciTech Connect

An analysis is made of the possibility of utilizing waste heat from a proposed gas-turbine fishing-vessel propulsion engine to power a refrigeration plant. On the basis of superior volume, maintenance and reliability, and cost and availability, the ammonia-water absorption system is chosen over the other waste-heat-driven option considered. It is found to be comparable in volume and in maintenance and reliability to the conventional vapor-compression system.

Kellen, A.D.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Engineering computer models for refrigerators, freezers, furnaces, water heaters, room and central air conditioners  

SciTech Connect

This User's Guide provides the necessary information for understanding and using a computer model developed for the US Department of Energy which predicts the performance (energy consumption) of household refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers. The model is capable of simulating various cabinet configurations (top-mount, bottom-mount, side-by-side, single-door) and refrigeration unit combinations (back-mounted static condenser with single forced convection evaporator, hot wall condenser with cooled wall panels, etc.). The program is comprised of two main subroutines: a cabinet heat-load submodel and a refrigeration unit submodel; they can be used separately for preliminary design analysis or together for performance evaluations. A technical description of the model and information on how to structure input parameters are provided. The user is provided with specific guidance for running the model on a computer. Specific instructions are given in the Appendices for changing and running the model using the operating language compatible with the DOE computer terminal system. Other users will have to modify the procedures in these sections as necessary for different computers.

Not Available

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Field test of a high efficiency, automatic defrost refrigerator-freezer  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the market evaluation and field test portion of a program to design, develop, and demonstrate a high efficiency, automatic defrosting refrigerator-freezer for the residential market. After the successful completion of Phase I of the program, which concentrated on the design, construction, and laboratory testing of a 453 1 (16 ft/sup 3/) high-efficiency refrigerator-freezer prototype, Phase II was initiated in February 1979 to evaluate the sales potential and performance of the high-efficiency refrigerator concept under field conditions, as a necessary step in creating a product that was both manufacturable and marketable. In Phase I, a survey of food consumption and storage trends, family size, and consumer buying habits led to a sales-weighted average-capacity forecast for 1985 of approximately 453 1 (16 ft/sup 3/) and identification of the top-mount, automatic defrosting refrigerator as the projected sales leader. To meet this market demand, a 453 1 (16 ft/sup 3/) top-mount was selected as the baseline for the Phase I design and development. In Phase II, a 509 1 (18 ft/sup 3/) unit using Phase I technology was chosen for the field test, since the slightly larger model better fit the participating manufacturer's new product development efforts and market.

Topping, R.F.; Vineyard, E.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Energy efficiency improvements for refrigerator/freezers using prototype doors containing gas-filled panel insulating systems  

SciTech Connect

Energy efficiency improvements in domestic refrigerator/freezers, are directly influenced by the overall thermal performance of the cabinet and doors. An advanced system for reducing heat gain is Gas-Filled Panel thermal insulation technology. Gas-Filled Panels contain a low-conductivity, inert gas at atmospheric pressure and employ a reflective baffle to suppress radiation and convection within the gas. This paper presents energy use test results for a 1993 model 500 liter top mount refrigerator/freezer operated with its original doors and with a series of alternative prototype doors. Gas-Filled Panel technology was used in two types of prototype refrigerator/freezer doors. In one design, panels were used in composite with foam in standard metal door pans; this design yielded no measurable energy savings. In the other design, special polymer door pans were fitted with panels that fill nearly all of the available insulation volume; this design yielded a 6.5% increase in energy efficiency for the entire refrigerator/freezer. The EPA Refrigerator Analysis computer program has been used to predict the change in daily energy consumption with the alternative doors. The computer model also projects a 25% energy efficiency improvement for a refrigerator/freezer that would use Gas-Filled Panel insulation throughout the cabinet as well as the doors.

Griffith, B.; Arasteh, D.; Tuerler, D.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

2014-06-23 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute Petition for Reconsideration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is the agency response to the Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute Petition for Reconsideration.

44

EPA's research projects relating to the dual-circuit and Lorenz refrigerator/freezers  

SciTech Connect

The paper discusses EPA research projects relating to the dual-circuit and Lorenz refrigerator/freezers (RFs). EPA is interested in not only phasing out chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in RFs, but doing so in a way that will maximize energy efficiency and minimize subsequent impacts on the greenhouse effect. An early decision was made to concentrate on replacing fully halogenated CFCs in RFs during the first year of EPA's research. RFs were chosen because they are small, require small quantities of refrigerants, are relatively easy to modify and test, and are the most energy-consumptive appliances in most U.S. households. In the future, other applications are expected to receive more attention. The first year of EPA's program has concentrated on implementing two alternative configurations of RFs which are believed to have the potential to make RFs more energy efficient: the dual-circuit and the Lorenz RFs. Research has included modeling alternative refrigerants and Non-azeotropic Refrigerant Mixtures (NARMs) in the dual-circuit and Lorenz configurations and experimental testing of modified RFs and refrigeration components in test stands.

Bare, J.C.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

An experimental study on new egg-crate type evaporators in domestic refrigerators and freezers  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents experimental results of the heat transfer performance of new egg-crate type evaporators that are becoming popular in vapor compression cycle-based modern refrigerators and freezers. These forced flow, multiple finned evaporators are preferred in the local industry over the older roll-bonded designs due to efficiency and cost considerations. Extensive testing was done, and experimental data were gathered on evaporators of three different sizes at three airflow rates using a closed-loop test rig built for the purpose. This has led to the development of a novel approach of measuring low air velocities as encountered in domestic refrigerators. A correlation has been developed for the heat transfer performance of these evaporators following the j-Colburn factor analysis. The correlation relates the j-Colburn factor, a nondimensional heat transfer grouping of the Nusselt number, Reynolds number, and Prandtl number to the Reynolds number and finning factor.

Bansal, P.K. [Univ. of Auckland (New Zealand). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Neuren, O.S. van [OPUS International Consultants, Ltd., Auckland (New Zealand)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

46

Field test of a high-efficiency, automatic-defrost refrigerator-freezer  

SciTech Connect

Following the successful design, development, and demonstration of a high efficiency refrigerator-freezer prototype, work was done to design and manufacture pre-production units for home usage tests. The purpose of the field test and the associated market evaluation is to confirm the energy saving potential of the high-efficiency design, identify possible design deficiencies or service difficulties, and assess the consumer appeal of the new unit. The first five months of field test data have shown an average 57% decrease in energy consumption when compared to a baseline unit of convention design. This energy savings is larger than predicted by the standard DOE test procedure. No serious design or service problems have been encountered. Consumers have not been adversely affected by the larger cabinet and thicker doors, and responded favorably in an actual retail sales test to initially spending more for an energy-saving refrigerator that will reduce electric usage.

Topping, R.F.; Vineyard, E.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program: Analysis of residential refrigerator/freezer performance  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) is conducting a large end-use data acquisition program in an effort to understand how energy is utilized in buildings with permanent electric space heating equipment in the Pacific Northwest. The initial portion of effort, known as the End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program (ELCAP), was conducted for Bonneville by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). The collection of detailed end-use data provided an opportunity to analyze the amount of energy consumed by both refrigerators and separate freezers units located in residential buildings. By obtaining this information, the uncertainty of long- term regional end-use forecasting can be improved and potential utility marketing programs for new appliances with a reduced overall energy demand can be identified. It was found that standby loads derived from hourly averages between 4 a.m. and 5 a.m. reflected the minimum consumption needed to maintain interior refrigerator temperatures at a steady-state condition. Next, an average 24-hour consumption that included cooling loads from door openings and cooling food items was also determined. Later, analyses were conducted to develop a model capable of predicting refrigerator standby loads and 24-hour consumption for comparison with national refrigerator label ratings. Data for 140 residential sites with a refrigeration end-use were screened to develop a sample of 119 residences with pure refrigeration for use in this analysis. To identify those refrigerators that were considered to be pure (having no other devices present on the circuit) in terms of their end-use classification, the screening procedure used a statistical clustering technique that was based on standby loads with 24-hour consumption. 5 refs., 18 figs., 4 tabs.

Ross, B.A.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Evaluation of design options for improving the energy efficiency of an environmentally safe domestic refrigerator-freezer  

SciTech Connect

In order to reduce greenhouse emissions from power plants and respond to regulatory actions arising from the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA), several design options were investigated for improving the energy efficiency of a conventionally designed, domestic refrigerator-freezer. The options, such as improved cabinet insulation and high-efficiency compressor and fans, were incorporated into a prototype refrigerator-freezer cabinet and refrigeration system to produce a unit that is superior from an environmental viewpoint due to its lower energy consumption and the use of refrigerant HFC-134a as a replacement for CFC-12. Baseline energy performance of the original 1993 production refrigerator-freezer, along with cabinet heat load and compressor calorimeter test results, were extensively documented to provide a firm basis for experimentally measured energy savings. A detailed refrigerator system computer model was used to evaluate the energy savings for several design modifications that, collectively, could achieve a targeted energy consumption of 1.00 kWh/d for a 20 ft{sup 3} (570 l) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. The energy consumption goal represents a 50% reduction in the 1993 NAECA standard for units of this size. Following the modeling simulation, laboratory prototypes were fabricated and tested to experimentally verify the analytical results and aid in improving the model in those areas where discrepancies occurred. While the 1.00 kWh/d goal was not achieved with the modifications, a substantial energy efficiency improvement of 22% (1.41 kWh/d) was demonstrated using near-term technologies. It is noted that each improvement exacts a penalty in terms of increased cost or system complexity/reliability. Further work on this project will analyze cost-effectiveness of the design changes and investigate alternative, more-elaborate, refrigeration system changes to further reduce energy consumption.

Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bohman, R.H.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Evaluation of performance and composition shift of zeotropic mixtures in a Lorenz-Meutzner refrigerator/freezer  

SciTech Connect

Results from previous testing of this refrigerator/freezer using a 750 Btu/h compressor and several zeotropic mixtures revealed a performance enhancement up to 16% above that of hydrofluorocarbon R-134a. In the study presented in this paper, the Lorenz-Meutzner (LM) refrigerator/freezer equipped with a 1060 Btu/h compressor, two evaporators, and two intercoolers was experimentally tested in an environmental chamber according to the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers/Department of Energy (AHAM/DOE) testing standards using several hydrofluoropropane-based zeotropic mixtures. The results are compared to baseline testing with R-134a and results obtained using the 750 Btu/h compressor. Hydrofluorocarbons R-245ca/R-152a performed comparably to R-134a. R-245ca/hydrocarbon R-270 (cyclopropane C{sub 3}H{sub 6}) outperformed all zeotropic mixtures and R-134a by at least 12.2 {+-} 0.7%. All refrigerants performed better using the larger compressor due to its inherently better efficiency. Refrigerant samples taken during refrigerator/freezer operation revealed substantial composition shifts (e.g., a 30% running composition shift of R-134a in the R-245ca/R-134a mixture). Sand et al. (1993) obtained an approximately 20% energy reduction using steady-state on-cycle energy consumption results; a comparison was made between chlorofluorocarbon R-12 and a hydrofluorocarbon R-32/hydrochlorofluorocarbon R-124 mixture. Lorenz and Meutzner (1975), originators of the Lorenz-Meutzner refrigerator/freezer design, state that the following parameters influence the optimum performance of the design: (1) heat exchanger size, (2) capillary tube length, (3) refrigerant charge, and (4) compressor size. This work investigates three of these parameters--capillary tube length, compressor size, and refrigerant charge.

Baskin, E.; Smith, N.D.; Delafield, F.R.; Tufts, M.W.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Developing cost curves for conserved energy in new refrigerators and freezers: Demonstration of methodology and detailed engineering results  

SciTech Connect

This paper develops and demonstrates a procedure for determining the cost of conserved energy in residential refrigerators and freezers and for ranking conservation measures according to economic feasibility and practicality. Prepared jointly by the Natural Resources Defense Council and ACEE for the Solar Energy Research Institute.

Goldstein, D.; Miller, P.; Watson, R.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

EPA's research projects relating to the dual-circuit and Lorenz refrigerator/freezers  

SciTech Connect

At a meeting in February 1989, EPA presented to several research universities, national laboratories, and refrigerator/freezer (RF) manufacturers the Agency's desire to replace CFC-12 as a refrigerant in the RF vapor compression cycle and increase RF energy efficiency. EPA recognized that, while eliminating CFCs, energy benefits could be gained by further product development (e.g., improving compressor efficiency or heat transfer surface areas). The largest cycle energy gains, however, were expected to be a result of completely different vapor compression configuration. Two new vapor compression configurations were suggested by the participants - the Lorenz design and the dual-circuit design. A decision was made to construct and test modified RFs as proof that the advanced refrigerants and cycles could achieve energy gains. An RF computer model has been updated and expanded which can model both the Lorenz and dual-circuit RF. Modified RF testing and component testing in test stands is being performed to determine the increased energy performance of these configurations.

Bare, J.C. (Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Refrigerator: Refrigerators and freezers are not typically constructed to assure that there is no  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and unstable chemicals only be stored in a lab-safe refrigeration unit that meets National Fire Protection Association 45 ­ Standard on Fire Protection for Laboratories Using Chemicals. #12;Hearing conservation protection which will be furnished by the Institute. Samples of various types of ear muffs, ear caps, and ear

Cohen, Robert E.

53

Environmental assessment for proposed energy conservation standards for two types of consumer products; refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers; small gas furnaces; and a proposed No standard standard for television sets  

SciTech Connect

This environmental assessment (EA) evaluates the environmental impacts resulting from new or amended energy-efficiency standard for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, freezers, small gas furnaces, and television sets as mandated by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987. A complete description of the Engineering and Economic Analysis of the proposed standards may be found elsewhere in the Technical Support Document (TSD). Four of the 14 scenarios for product design changes described in the Engineering Analysis of the TSD are chosen for environmental assessment based on their relative importance as design measures. Values for energy savings that result from product design changes are also taken from the TSD. The two main environmental concerns addressed are emissions from fossil fuel-fired electricity generation and the chlorofluorcarbons used in the production of rigid insulation foam. Each of the 12 design options for refrigerators and freezers result in decreased electricity use and and, therefore, reduced power plant emissions. Design changes that call for additional rigid foam insulation per appliance are of interest because they affect chlorofluorocarbon consumption. There is strong evidence that chlorofluorocarbons migrate to the stratosphere, break down, and catalyze the destruction of stratospheric ozone.

Not Available

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

China Refrigerator Information Label: Specification Development and Potential Impact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

years. About 20% of refrigerators and freezers sold in 2000energy efficiency of refrigerators and freezers, Directiveof Energy, for refrigerators and freezers are base unit

Fridley, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

U.S. Residential Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products: Results from Amazon Mechanical Turk Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vapor compression refrigerators and freezers), along withthe number of refrigerators and freezers in a home alongcompression refrigerators and freezers) in U.S. households.

Greenblatt, Jeffery B.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Development of minimum efficiency standards for large capacity air conditioners, and commercial water heaters, refrigerators, and freezers. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The California Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission has promulgated appliance energy efficiency standards and energy conservation standards for new construction with the objective of reducing energy consumption in the State of California. The following appliance categories are specifically addressed: large capacity air conditioners; commercial water heaters; and commercial refrigerators and freezers. The tasks that have been performed include: an energy use pattern study for the subject equipment; an examination of the size distribution of commercial air conditioning equipment; an examination of the different types of commercial air conditioning systems; an evaluation of the effectiveness of economizers in reducing commercial air conditioning system energy consumption in California; an examination of the effects of oversizing commercial air conditioners; a detailed study of supermarket refrigeration and air conditioning equipment; an evaluation of the economic feasibility of utilizing air conditioner waste heat to heat water; an assessment of the applicability of existing test procedures for small water heaters to large water heaters; and a brief investigation of the marketing and distribution systems for air conditioning and refrigeration equipment. Results of the efforts are described.

Merrill, P.S.; Rettberg, R.J.; Erickson, R.C.; Toor, J.S.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Development of a high-efficiency, automatic-defrosting refrigerator-freezer. Phase II. Field test. Volume III. Executive summary and task reports  

SciTech Connect

The second phase of the development of a high-efficiency, automatic-defrosting, refrigerator-freezer is described. Following the successful completion of Phase I (design, construction, and laboratory testing of a 16 ft/sup 3/ high efficiency refrigerator-freezer prototype), Phase II was initiated to evaluate sales potential and in-home performance as a necessary step in creating a product that was both manufacturable and marketable. Twenty-five pilot production 18 ft/sup 3/ units using prototype tooling were produced on the assembly line to confirm the feasibility of full-scale production. These units were then used in a market and field test program in which consumer appeal and in-home performance were assessed. The market evaluation confirmed that refrigerators incorporating high-efficiency features at added cost are saleable and that large capacity, automatic-defrosting, refrigerator-freezers will continue to capture a large portion of the market in the years ahead, The field test confirmed the in-home energy saving potential of a high efficiency, automatic-defrosting refrigerator-frezer utilizing advanced design features such as optimized, thick-wall, foam an average energy savings of 60% compared to a baseline unit of conventional design.

Topping, R.F.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Experimental results of a household automatic icemaker in a refrigerator/freezer  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the performance test results of an automatic icemaker refrigerator under various modes of icemaker operation. The tests were conducted on a 20-ft{sup 3} (0.566-m{sup 3}) household refrigerator that had a single forced convection evaporator and was charged with R-12. The focus of the research was to ascertain the effect of icemaker operation on the refrigerator`s daily energy consumption. Thus, three different types of tests were conducted, depending upon the icemaker`s operating mode. In the first test type, the baseline, the automatic icemaker was turned off and no ice was made. In the second test type, the ice-making mode (test A), the icemaker was turned on and ice was continuously made. Compared to the baseline, additional power was intermittently consumed by a mold heater that melts the ice cubes` interface with the tray, a solenoid valve that supplies water to the icemaker tray, and a motor that rotates the ejector blades to press the crescent-shaped ice cubes out of the mold and unload them into an ice bin. In the third test type, the failure mode (test B), the water supply was manually disconnected but the icemaker was left turned on. Even though no ice was made, additional power was still consumed by the mold heater, the solenoid valve, and the motorized ejector. In tests A and B, the energy consumed by the icemaker`s components increases the cooling load, which raises the compressor power consumption. The present study shows that at the AHAM-specified test conditions, uninterrupted icemaking increased the daily energy consumption by 22.5% to 27.2%.

Haider, I.; Feng, H.; Radermacher, R. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Center for Environmental Energy Engineering

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

59

An Exploration of Innovation and Energy Efficiency in an Appliance Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

clothes washers; refrigerators and freezers; dishwashers;and tubes, household refrigerators and freezers, householdhousehold refrigerators and freezers, air conditioning (room

Taylor, Margaret

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

2014-09-23 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute Petition for Reconsideration Notice of Public Meeting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of public meeting regarding energy conservation standards for walk-in coolers and freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute petition for reconsideration, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on September 23, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers,and Updates RESIDENTIAL Refrigerators Freezers Central Aira given year for refrigerators, freezers, clothes washers,

Meyers, Stephen P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

WICF Certification, Compliance and Enforcement webinar | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement Overview for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, Freezers, Dehumidifiers, Room Air Conditioners, Clothes Washers, Clothes...

63

Assessment of China's Energy-Saving and Emission-Reduction Accomplishments and Opportunities During the 11th Five Year Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

televisions, refrigerators and freezers, mobile phones,dishwashers, refrigerators and freezers and clothes washersand 48 million refrigerator/freezers with exports of 20

Levine, Mark D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

DOE/EA-1643: Finding of No Significant Impact for 10 CFR Part 431 Commerical Refrigeration Equipment (12/31/08)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT FOR FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT FOR 10 CFR Part 431 Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator- Freezers without Doors; and Remote Condensing Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator-Freezers December 31, 2008 [6450-01-P] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 431 [Docket Number: EERE-2006-STD-OI26] RIN 1904-AB59 Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator- . Freezers without

65

DOE/EA-1643: Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR 431 Commercial Refrigeration Equipment (December 2008)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR 10 CFR Part 431 Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator- Freezers without Doors; and Remote Condensing Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator-Freezers December 2008 CHAPTER 16. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ANALYSIS TABLE OF CONTENTS 16.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 16-1 16.2 AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS ............................................................................................ 16-1

66

U.S. Residential Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products: Results from Amazon Mechanical Turk Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

refrigerator operate with propane as well as electricity?refrigerator operate with propane as well as electricity? [freezer operate with propane as well as electricity? [

Greenblatt, Jeffery B.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Cospolich Refrigerator: Order (2013-CE-5314)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Cospolich Refrigerator Co, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Cospolich Refrigerator had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

68

Refrigerator Manufacturers: Order (2013-CE-5341)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Refrigerator Manufacturers, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Refrigerator Manufacturers had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

69

ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT DIVISION. ANNUAL REPORT FY 1980  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

kWh) (kWh) b b Refrigerator and Freezer (kWh) Source: Unionseveral months for refrigerators and freezers to a maximumPart 2, June, 1980. Refrigerator/freezers Freezers Clothes

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

List of Clothes Washers Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clothes Washers Incentives Clothes Washers Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 514 Clothes Washers Incentives. CSV (rows 1-500) CSV (rows 501-514) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Alabama - Residential Energy-Efficient Appliance Rebate Program (Alabama) State Rebate Program Alabama Residential Clothes Washers Dishwasher Refrigerators No Alaska - Residential Energy-Efficient Appliance Rebate Program (Alaska) State Rebate Program Alaska Residential Clothes Washers Dishwasher Refrigerators No Alexandria Light and Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Minnesota) Utility Rebate Program Minnesota Residential Central Air conditioners Clothes Washers Dehumidifiers Dishwasher

71

Refrigerator-Freezers (multiple defrost waiver) | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

templates for reporting the results of tests conducted in accordance with current DOE test procedures. Templates may be used by third-party laboratories under contract with DOE...

72

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE PROPOSED ENERGY CONSERVATION STANDARD FOR REFRIGERATORS, REFRIGERATOR-  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ASSESSMENT FOR THE PROPOSED ENERGY ASSESSMENT FOR THE PROPOSED ENERGY CONSERVATION STANDARD FOR REFRIGERATORS, REFRIGERATOR- , AND FREEZERS - 1. INTRODUCTION AND NEED FOR PROPOSED ACTION ental Assessment (EA) on the candidate energy conservation stand licy Act. of 1969 (NEPA), regulations of the Council on Environmentd Qu refrigerators, re€iigerator-freezers, and freezers was prepared pursuant to the National ' ederal Regulations, Parts 1500 through. 1508. The proposed energy conservation standard (Level 1) and the alternative standards are being reviewed in an energy- efficiency standards rulemaking that the Department has undertaken pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended by the National Energy Conservation Policy Act and the National Appliance Energy Consehation Act

73

VEA-0015 - In the Matter of Sub-Zero Freezer Co. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 - In the Matter of Sub-Zero Freezer Co. 5 - In the Matter of Sub-Zero Freezer Co. VEA-0015 - In the Matter of Sub-Zero Freezer Co. Sub-Zero Freezer Co. (Sub-Zero), GE Appliances (GE), and Whirlpool Corporation (Whirlpool) filed appeals of our November 3, 2000 decision, granting Viking Range Corporation (Viking) a six-month exception from the 2001 energy appliance efficiency standards for built-in refrigerators. Viking Range Corp., 28 DOE ¶ 81,002 (2000). As discussed below, we have granted the appeals in part. As a result, the six-month exception will be limited to 475 refrigerators per month and will be subject to a monthly reporting requirement. vea0015-16-17.pdf More Documents & Publications VEH-0015 - In the Matter of Sub-Zero Freezer Co. VEA-0017 - In the Matter of Whirlpool Corporation

74

Refrigerator Manufacturers: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5341)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Refrigerator Manufacturers, LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

75

Cospolich Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5314)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Cospolich Refrigerator Co, Inc. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

76

Hydrophilic structures for condensation management in refrigerator appliances  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A refrigerator appliance that includes a freezer compartment having a freezer compartment door, and a refrigeration compartment having at least one refrigeration compartment door. The appliance further includes a mullion with an exterior surface. The mullion divides the compartments and the exterior surface directs condensation toward a transfer point. The appliance may also include a cabinet that houses the compartments and has two sides, each with an exterior surface. Further, at least one exterior surface directs condensation toward a transfer point.

Kuehl, Steven John; Vonderhaar, John J; Wu, Guolian; Wu, Mianxue

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

77

Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

current residential refrigerators and freezers rulemaking,Refrigerator/Freezers. .Refrigerator, Refrigerator-Freezer, and Freezers Rulemaking,

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342) Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342) Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342) April 25, 2013 DOE ordered Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing Company, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards. The Order adopted a Compromise Agreement, which reflected settlement terms between DOE and Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing. Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342) More Documents & Publications Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342) North Star Refrigerator: Order (2013-CE-5355) Schott Gemtron: Order (2013-CE-5358

79

Refrigerators and Refrigerator-Freezers (Appendix A1 after May...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

templates for reporting the results of tests conducted in accordance with current DOE test procedures. Templates may be used by third-party laboratories under contract with DOE...

80

Tearable Cloth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resistance to bending and produced one of the first convincing simulations of a cloth-like object. 8 Expanding on this, they simulated a flag blowing in the wind, and a rug faling on rigid objects (Fig. 5). Fig. 5: Results from Terzopolous et al.... The authors were able to produce images of diferent types of draped cloth, including cotton, wool, and cotton/polyester hybrid fabrics. They compared these results to real-world photographs, and found that their method models cloth remarkably wel (Fig. 7...

Phillips, Kurt T.

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

North Star Refrigerator: Order (2013-CE-5355)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered North Star Refrigerator Co., Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding North Star Refrigerator had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

82

Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 through 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Refrigerator-Freezers .Refrigerators and Refrigerator-Freezers NAECA 1987 Freezers2005 Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers and Freezers 2010,

Meyers, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

VEH-0015 - In the Matter of Sub-Zero Freezer Co. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VEH-0015 - In the Matter of Sub-Zero Freezer Co. VEH-0015 - In the Matter of Sub-Zero Freezer Co. VEH-0015 - In the Matter of Sub-Zero Freezer Co. Motion for Evidentiary Hearing Sub-Zero Freezer Co. (Sub-Zero) filed a motion for evidentiary hearing with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). The motion relates to Sub-Zero's appeal (Case No. VEA-0015) of our November 3 decision, in which we granted Viking Range Corporation (Viking) a six-month exception from the 2001 energy appliance efficiency standards for built-in refrigerators. Viking Range Corporation, 28 DOE ¶ 81,002 (2000). As discussed below, we have concluded that the motion should be granted in part. veh0015.pdf More Documents & Publications VEA-0015 - In the Matter of Sub-Zero Freezer Co. VEA-0016 - In the Matter of GE Appliances

84

DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations April 12, 2010 - 7:27pm Addthis The Department of Energy has issued one subpoena and two data requests to three companies in response to allegations that the companies are selling refrigerator-freezers that failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. Under the subpoena, Arçelik A.S, a Turkish Company is required to submit detailed information about the design, marketing and U.S. sales of its Blomberg brand refrigerator-freezer, model "BRFB1450." The Department also requested testing data from Whirlpool Corporation and Viking Range Corporation for two refrigerator-freezers that the companies

85

DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations April 12, 2010 - 7:27pm Addthis The Department of Energy has issued one subpoena and two data requests to three companies in response to allegations that the companies are selling refrigerator-freezers that failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. Under the subpoena, Arçelik A.S, a Turkish Company is required to submit detailed information about the design, marketing and U.S. sales of its Blomberg brand refrigerator-freezer, model "BRFB1450." The Department also requested testing data from Whirlpool Corporation and Viking Range Corporation for two refrigerator-freezers that the companies

86

Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household Surveys Speaker(s): Essel Ben Hagan Date: July 12, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Robert Van Buskirk Galen Barbose As part of activities to develop refrigerator efficiency standards regulations in Ghana, a national survey on the energy consumption of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers has been conducted. The survey covered 1000 households in urban, peri-urban and rural communities in various parts of the country. The survey found that, on average, refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers in Ghana use almost three times what is allowed by minimum efficiency standards in the U.S., and a few refrigerators had energy use at levels almost ten times the U.S.

87

DOE Closes Investigation of Arcelik's Blomberg Refrigerator | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Arcelik's Blomberg Refrigerator Arcelik's Blomberg Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation of Arcelik's Blomberg Refrigerator September 1, 2010 - 4:37pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Arcelik's Blomberg refrigerator-freezer model # BRFB1450. The Department opened this investigation based on a complaint. DOE subpoenaed information from Arcelik, reviewed Arcelik's response, and performed its own testing of this model. Based on our investigation and test results, DOE has determined this model to be compliant with federal energy conservation standards. Notice of Compliance Determination Addthis Related Articles DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator

88

Clothes that Click  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This comprehensive 4-H curriculum covers creativity in construction, consumerism, clothing choices, clothing care, careers, and other subjects of interest to 4-H members. The Companion Leader's Guide is FCS 2-1. "Clothing Capers....

Smith, Teresa; Howard, Jeff W.

2000-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

89

International Review of the Development and Implementation of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy labeling for refrigerators and freezers and nationalhousehold electric refrigerators, freezers and combinationfor Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers and Freezers. ”

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators September 28, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced the release of a new proposed energy efficiency standard for residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers. The standard, as proposed, could save consumers as much as $18.6 billion over thirty years. The Obama Administration has made efficiency standards a major priority as a way to save energy and money for American families and businesses. Since January 2009, the Department of Energy has finalized new efficiency standards for more than twenty household and commercial products, which will cumulatively save consumers between $250 billion and

91

Refrigerator recycling and CFCs  

SciTech Connect

Utility-sponsored refrigerator and freezer pick-up programs have removed almost 900,000 inefficient appliances from the North American electric grid to date. While the CFC-12 refrigerant from the discarded appliances is typically removed and recycled, in all but a few programs the CFC-11 in the foam insulation is not. About a quarter-billion pounds of CFC-11 are banked in refrigerator foam in the United States. Release of this ``bank`` of CFC, combined with that from foam insulation used in buildings, will be the largest source of future emissions if preventive measures are not taken. Methods exist to recover the CFC for reuse or to destroy it by incineration. The task of recycling or destroying the CFCs and other materials from millions of refrigerators is a daunting challenge, but one in which utilities can play a leadership role. E Source believes that utilities can profitably serve as the catalyst for public-private partnerships that deliver comprehensive refrigerator recycling. Rather than treating such efforts solely as a DSM resource acquisition, utilities could position these programs as a multifaceted service delivery that offers convenient appliance removal for homeowners, a solid waste minimization service for landfills, a source of recycled materials for industry, and a CFC recovery and/or disposal service in support of the HVAC industry and society`s atmospheric protection goals and laws. Financial mechanisms could be developed through these public-private enterprises to ensure that utilities are compensated for the extra cost of fully recycling refrigerators, including the foam CFC.

Shepard, M.; Hawthorne, W.; Wilson, A.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

92

851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

standards. The agreement recommends new federal minimum efficiency standards for residential refrigerator) that these standards take effect on the following schedule: Refrigerator/Freezers Jan. 1, 2014 Clothes Washers Jan. 1 Efficiency Levels 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 Clothes Dryer Clothes Washers Dishwashers Freezers Refrigerator

93

Loveland Water and Power - Refrigerator Recycling Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Refrigerator Recycling Program Refrigerator Recycling Program Loveland Water and Power - Refrigerator Recycling Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Maximum Rebate Limit one rebate per account per year Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator and Freezer Recycling: $35 Loveland Water and Power is providing an incentive for its customers to recycle their old refrigerators. Interested customers can call the utility to arrange a time to pick up the old refrigerator. The old refrigerator should be brought outside but remain plugged in so the utility can make it is in working condition. the utility will then take the refrigerator to a recycling facility and issue a $35 bill credit. Other Information

94

Clothing, Gloves, and Wipers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cleanroom clothing, gloves, and wipers are used ... range of designs, weaves, and structures. Cleanroom clothing and gloves are the primary barrier ... generated by personnel from being emitted into the cleanroom

Alvin Lieberman

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Ex Parte Communication_Kitable Refrigerator/Freezer Guidance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This memo memorializes the meeting between AHAM and the Department of Energy on September 25, for inclusion in the public docket. In summary, we discussed the need for DOE guidance regarding the...

96

The application of Stirling cooler to refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

The application field of the free-piston Stirling Cooler, Model 100A of Global Cooling BV in the refrigeration has been studied. The cooling effectiveness of the free-piston Stirling Cooler which means small capacity with better efficiency, large range of temperature and capacity modulated operation is of much use to cool a space insulated well. One practicable application is suggested here, in which FPSC and secondary heat transfer fluid are used to the single temperature refrigerator (60 liter) instead of conventional vapor compression machines. In the freezer operation at {minus}20 C inside cabinet, the steady-state test results show 25% improvement in energy consumption over original one. The application of free-piston Stirling Cooler to a freezer at lower temperature shows great potentials also.

Kim, S.Y.; Chung, W.S.; Shin, D.K.; Cho, K.S. [LG Electronics Inc., Seoul (Korea, Republic of). Living System Lab.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

97

Estimate of Cost-Effective Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies Energy Savings, Environmental and Financial Impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fans Lighting Refrigerators and Freezers Space Heating Our2011b. Refrigerator, Refrigerator-Freezer and Freezers Final2011c. Refrigerator, Refrigerator-Freezer and Freezers Final

Letschert, Virginie E.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Energy and Economic Impacts of U.S. Federal Energy and Water Conservation Standards Adopted From 1987 Through 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Refrigerators and Refrigerator-Freezers NAECA 1987 Freezers2005 Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers and Freezers 2010,in this case refrigerator-freezers. The average new

Meyers, Stephen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Potential Impact of Adopting Maximum Technologies as Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, Freezers PreliminaryRefrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, Freezers Pre-NOPRlighting, television, refrigerator-freezers, central air

Letschert, Virginie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Small Commercial Refrigeration Incentive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Commercial Refrigeration Incentive Small Commercial Refrigeration Incentive Small Commercial Refrigeration Incentive < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Incentives over $5,000 must be pre-approved Program Info Funding Source Efficiency Vermont Public Benefit Fund Expiration Date 06/30/2013 State Vermont Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Outside Air Economizers: $1,250 Evaporator Fan Motors: $20 - $100 Evaporator Fan Motor Controls: $550 Door/Frame Heater Controls: $50 per door Case Light Occupancy Controls: $40 LED Refrigerator and Freezer Case Light Fixtures: $6 - $15 per foot Energy Star Ice Machines: $50 - $75 Efficient Compressors: $200 Display Case Strip-Curtain and Continuous Covers: $6 per foot

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Thermal Insulation of Clothing (Icl)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The intrinsic insulation of a clothing assembly. The effective insulation of clothing is (Icl + Ia)...2 · W?1] and sometimes in [clo].

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Clothes Washers | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

description List of Clothes Washers Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleClothesWashers&oldid380201" Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

103

Malone cycle refrigerator development  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the progress made in demonstrating a Malone Cycle Refrigerator/Freezer. The Malone cycle is similar to the Stirling cycle but uses a supercritical fluid in place of real gas. In the approach, solid-metal diaphragms are used to seal and sweep the working volumes against the high working fluid pressures required in Malone cycle machines. This feature eliminates the friction and leakage that accounted for nearly half the losses in the best piston-defined Malone cycle machines built to date. The authors successfully built a Malone cycle refrigerator that: (1) used CO{sub 2} as the working fluid, (2) operated at pressures up to 19.3 Mpa (2,800 psi), (3) achieved a cold end metal temperatures of {minus}29 C ({minus}20 F), and (4) produced over 400 Watts of cooling at near ambient temperatures. The critical diaphragm components operated flawlessly throughout characterization and performance testing, supporting the conclusion of high reliability based on analysis of fatigue date and actual strain measurements.

Shimko, M.A.; Crowley, C.J.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Residential Energy Star Appliance Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy Trust of Oregon offers rebates for Energy Star refrigerators, freezers and clothes washers to Oregon residential electric service customers of Portland General Electric (PGE) and Pacific...

105

Muscatine Power and Water- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Muscatine Power and Water (MP&W) offers rebates on certain energy efficiency appliances to residential customers. Rebates for new electric refrigerators, freezers, dishwashers, clothes washers,...

106

Kylteknik ("KYL")Kylteknik ("KYL") RefrigerationRefrigerationRefrigerationRefrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RefrigerationRefrigerationRefrigeration coursecourse # 424503.0# 424503.0 v.v. 20122012 8. Heat pumps, heat pipes, cold thermal energy storage Ron on a vapour-compression cycle) /heat_pump.g Heat pumps make use of low- temperature (waste) heat, replacing/vcmfiles/ electricity!) for heating and air conditioning purposes Heat pumps became popular in ://www.bge.c Heat pumps

Zevenhoven, Ron

107

Flexible cloth seal assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A seal assembly is described having a flexible cloth seal which includes a shim assemblage surrounded by a cloth assemblage. A first tubular end portion, such as a gas turbine combustor, includes a longitudinal axis and has smooth and spaced-apart first and second surface portions defining a notch there between which is wider at its top than at its bottom and which extends outward from the axis. The second surface portion is outside curved, and a first edge of the cloth seal is positioned in the bottom of the notch. A second tubular end portion, such as a first stage nozzle, is located near, spaced apart from, and coaxially aligned with, the first tubular end portion. The second tubular end portion has a smooth third surface portion which surrounds at least a portion of the first tubular end portion and which is contacted by the cloth seal. 7 figs.

Bagepalli, B.S.; Taura, J.C.; Aksit, M.F.; Demiroglu, M.; Predmore, D.R.

1999-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

108

Clothing Quality Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Clothing construction is a creative skill with certain standards for appearance and construction. This publication describes the standards that apply to general construction techniques such as preparing the fabric, creating darts and gathers...

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Taken together, refrigerators and freezers account for 8.9%Freezers   Refrigerator and Freezer Cases  without Doors Refrigerator, Refrigerator-Freezer and Freezers Rulemaking

Bojda, Nicholas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Using National Survey Data to Estimate Lifetimes of Residential Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conditioners (RACs), refrigerators, and freezers. GENERALsection). Refrigerators and Freezers Refrigerators followDifference* this Study Freezer Refrigerator Water Heater,

Lutz, James D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Programs Equipment Refrigerators and Freezers Mains Pressureclothes washers, refrigerators and freezers, fluorescentYear Updated Refrigerators Freezers Kimchi Refrigerators Air

McNeil, MIchael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Refrigerators and Refrigerator-Freezers (Appendix A1 after May 2, 2011)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy (DOE) develops standardized data templates for reporting the results of tests conducted in accordance with current DOE test procedures. Templates may be used by third-party laboratories under contract with DOE that conduct testing in support of ENERGY STAR® verification, DOE rulemakings, and enforcement of the federal energy conservation standards.

113

North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) March 26, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that North Star Refrigerator Co., Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) More Documents & Publications

114

DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator July 8, 2010 - 3:12pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Whirlpool's Maytag refrigerator-freezer model "MSD2578VE." The Department opened this investigation and requested testing data from Whirlpool based on a complaint (April 12, 2010, "DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations"). After reviewing the data and testing this model, the Department has found the model to be compliant with the applicable efficiency standards and has closed the investigation. The Department takes credible allegations seriously and will continue to initiate investigations on products that are

115

Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342) Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342) February 21, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing Company, LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342)

116

DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator July 8, 2010 - 3:12pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Whirlpool's Maytag refrigerator-freezer model "MSD2578VE." The Department opened this investigation and requested testing data from Whirlpool based on a complaint (April 12, 2010, "DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations"). After reviewing the data and testing this model, the Department has found the model to be compliant with the applicable efficiency standards and has closed the investigation. The Department takes credible allegations seriously and will continue to initiate investigations on products that are

117

North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) March 26, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that North Star Refrigerator Co., Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) More Documents & Publications

118

Global warming impacts of ozone-safe refrigerants and refrigeration, heating, and air-conditioning technologies  

SciTech Connect

International agreements mandate the phase-out of many chlorine containing compounds that are used as the working fluid in refrigeration, air-conditioning, and heating equipment. Many of the chemical compounds that have been proposed, and are being used in place of the class of refrigerants eliminated by the Montreal Protocol are now being questioned because of their possible contributions to global warming. Natural refrigerants are put forth as inherently superior to manufactured refrigerants because they have very low or zero global warming potentials (GWPs). Questions are being raised about whether or not these manufactured refrigerants, primarily hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), should be regulated and perhaps phased out in much the same manner as CFCs and HCFCs. Several of the major applications of refrigerants are examined in this paper and the results of an analysis of their contributions to greenhouse warming are presented. Supermarket refrigeration is shown to be an application where alternative technologies have the potential to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) significantly with no clear advantage to either natural or HFC refrigerants. Mixed results are presented for automobile air conditioners with opportunities to reduce GHG emissions dependent on climate and comfort criteria. GHG emissions for hermetic and factory built systems (i.e. household refrigerators/freezers, unitary equipment, chillers) are shown to be dominated by energy use with much greater potential for reduction through efficiency improvements than by selection of refrigerant. The results for refrigerators also illustrate that hydrocarbon and carbon dioxide blown foam insulation have lower overall effects on GHG emissions than HFC blown foams at the cost of increased energy use.

Fischer, S.; Sand, J.; Baxter, V.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Design options for clothes washers  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses possible design options for improving the energy efficiency of standard capacity, residential clothes washers.

Biermayer, Peter J.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Sustainability Bulletin Clothing Collection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustainability Bulletin April 2014 #12;Upcoming Clothing Collection March 3-April 14 Hunter Lovins on Wednesday, April 23rd from 11am-2pm brought to you by EAP and the Office of Environmental Sustainability will be in the Campus Center Ballroom to highlight other aspects of well-being such as health, nutrition, sustainability

Kidd, William S. F.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Interactive modeler for cloth draping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cloth modeling is a challenging field in computer graphics, being a typical example of a soft-object. One of the approaches toward modeling cloth is a geometric approach. This thesis develops a conceptual model for modeling cloth drape using a...

Thumrugoti, Umakanth

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

122

Control of household refrigerators. Part 1: Modeling temperature control performance  

SciTech Connect

Commercial household refrigerators use simple, cost-effective, temperature controllers to obtain acceptable control. A manually adjusted airflow damper regulates the freezer compartment temperature while a thermostat controls operation of the compressor and evaporator fan to regulate refrigerator compartment temperature. Dual compartment temperature control can be achieved with automatic airflow dampers that function independently of the compressor and evaporator fan thermostat, resulting in improved temperature control quality and energy consumption. Under dual control, freezer temperature is controlled by the thermostat while the damper controls refrigerator temperature by regulating airflow circulation. A simulation model is presented that analyzes a household refrigerator configured with a conventional thermostat and both manual and automatic dampers. The model provides a new paradigm for investigating refrigerator systems and temperature control performance relative to the extensive verification testing that is typically done by manufacturers. The effects of each type of control and damper configuration are compared with respect to energy usage, control quality, and ambient temperature shift criteria. The results indicate that the appropriate control configuration can have significant effects and can improve plant performance.

Graviss, K.J.; Collins, R.L.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Technical support document: Energy conservation standards for consumer products: Refrigerators and furnaces including: environmental impacts regulatory impact analysis  

SciTech Connect

The National Appliance Energy Conversation Act (NAECA) of 1987 (P.L. 100-12) establishes energy efficiency standards for 13 types of consumer products. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards on these and other types of products at specified times. DOE is currently selecting standards for two types of products: refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers; and small gas furnaces. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of the proposed standards. 8 refs., 39 figs., 135 tabs.

Not Available

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Covered Product Category: Residential Freezers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Covered Product Category: Residential Freezers Covered Product Category: Residential Freezers Covered Product Category: Residential Freezers October 7, 2013 - 11:18am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including residential freezers, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases

125

Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solid door refrigerators and freezers Commercial steamthermostats 3 Refrigerators and freezers Residential clothescabinets, commercial refrigerators and freezers, commercial

Sanchez, Marla Christine

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Assessment of the Impacts of Standards and Labeling Programs in Mexico (four products).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Household Refrigerators and Freezers Energy Efficiency offor Household Refrigerators and Freezers Official Mexicanof Household Refrigerators and Freezers). Name Publication

Sanchez, Itha; Pulido, Henry; McNeil, Michael A.; Turiel, Isaac; della Cava, Mirka

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Calendar Year 2008 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solid door refrigerators and freezers Commercial steamProfessional Displays Refrigerators and freezers ResidentialCommercial Refrigerators and Freezers • Computers •

Homan, GregoryK

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Trends in the cost of efficiency for appliances and consumer electronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appliance Refrigerators and Freezers Room Air ConditionersPCU3352283352285 a The refrigerator and freezer price trendRefrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers (Final

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Space Heaters, Computers, Cell Phone Chargers: How Plugged In Are Commercial Buildings?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers & Freezers. DOE/EE-refrigerator, commercial speakers switch, ethernet freezer,refrigerator, microscope, autoclave, shaker/stirrer, lab freezer,

Sanchez, Marla; Webber, Carrie; Brown, Richard; Busch, John; Pinckard, Margaret; Roberson, Judy

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Analysis of household refrigerators for different testing standards  

SciTech Connect

This study highlights the salient differences among various testing standards for household refrigerator-freezers and proposes a methodology for predicting the performance of a single evaporator-based vapor-compression refrigeration system (either refrigerator or freezer) from one test standard (where the test data are available-the reference case) to another (the alternative case). The standards studied during this investigation include the Australian-New Zealand Standard (ANZS), the International Standard (ISO), the American National Standard (ANSI), the Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS), and the Chinese National Standard (CNS). A simple analysis in conjunction with the BICYCLE model (Bansal and Rice 1993) is used to calculate the energy consumption of two refrigerator cabinets from the reference case to the alternative cases. The proposed analysis includes the effect of door openings (as required by the JIS) as well as defrost heaters. The analytical results are found to agree reasonably well with the experimental observations for translating energy consumption information from one standard to another.

Bansal, P.K. [Univ. of Auckland (New Zealand). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; McGill, I. [Fischer and Paykel Ltd., Auckland (New Zealand)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Refrigerant directly cooled capacitors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a direct contact refrigerant cooling system using a refrigerant floating loop having a refrigerant and refrigeration devices. The cooling system has at least one hermetic container disposed in the refrigerant floating loop. The hermetic container has at least one electronic component selected from the group consisting of capacitors, power electronic switches and gating signal module. The refrigerant is in direct contact with the electronic component.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Seiber, Larry E. (Oak Ridge, TN); Marlino, Laura D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Ayers, Curtis W. (Kingston, TN)

2007-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

132

Fridge of the future: ORNL`s refrigeration R&D  

SciTech Connect

Fears about warming the globe may change the way foods are chilled. Concern about global warming, as expressed in the President`s Climate Change Action Plan of 1993, is the latest motivation for putting future American refrigerators and freezers on a strict energy diet. A current national goal is to design an environmentally sound refrigerator-freezer by 1998 that uses half as much energy as 1993 models. Interest in designing a more energy-efficient refrigerator is not new. It first became a goal almost 20 years ago. In the 1970`s the United States was relying on increasingly unstable supplies of imported oil for fuel, and energy prices began to rise. Utilities balked at building additional power plants because of rising costs and investment risks. As a result, a premium was placed on developing energy-efficient appliances, culminating in the passage of the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987. In the late 1980`s refrigerator design was again a target of engineers because of the need to change the refrigerant and insulation used. The reason: the Montreal Protocol called for phasing out of substances containing chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the year 2000 because they were thought to be destroying the earth`s stratospheric ozone layer. Ozone shields humans from solar rays that can cause skin cancer and cataracts. Among the CFCs to be phased out are common refrigerants like R-12 and the refrigerator insulation blowing agent R-11.

Krause, C.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

133

Clothes Dryer Automatic Termination Sensor Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Volume 1: Characterization of Energy Use in Residential Clothes Dryers. The efficacy and energy efficiency of clothes dryers are studied in this evaluation.

TeGrotenhuis, Ward E.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

U.S. Residential Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products: Results from Amazon Mechanical Turk Surveys  

SciTech Connect

Amazon Mechanical Turk was used, for the first time, to collect statistically representative survey data from U.S. households on the presence, number, type and usage of refrigerators, freezers, and various “miscellaneous” refrigeration products (wine/beverage coolers, residential icemakers and non-vapor compression refrigerators and freezers), along with household and demographic information. Such products have been poorly studied to date, with almost no information available about shipments, stocks, capacities, energy use, etc. A total of 9,981 clean survey responses were obtained from five distinct surveys deployed in 2012. General refrigeration product survey responses were weighted to demographics in the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s Residential Energy Consumption Survey 2009 dataset. Miscellaneous refrigeration product survey responses were weighted according to demographics of product ownership found in the general refrigeration product surveys. Model number matching for a portion of miscellaneous refrigeration product responses allowed validation of refrigeration product characteristics, which enabled more accurate estimates of the penetrations of these products in U.S. households. We estimated that there were 12.3±1.0 million wine/beverage coolers, 5.5(–3.5,+3.2) million residential icemakers and 4.4(–2.7,+2.3) million non-vapor compression refrigerators in U.S. households in 2012. (All numerical results are expressed with ranges indicating the 95% confidence interval.) No evidence was found for the existence of non-vapor compression freezers. Moreover, we found that 15% of wine/beverage coolers used vapor compression cooling technology, while 85% used thermoelectric cooling technology, with the vast majority of thermoelectric units having capacities of less than 30 wine bottles (approximately 3.5 cubic feet). No evidence was found for the existence of wine/beverage coolers with absorption cooling technology. Additionally, we estimated that there were 3.6±1.0 million hybrid refrigerator-wine/beverage coolers and 0.9±0.5 million hybrid freezer-wine/beverage coolers in U.S. households. We also obtained estimates of miscellaneous refrigeration product capacities, lifetimes, purchase and installation costs, repair frequencies and costs, and maintenance costs. For wine/beverage coolers, we also obtained information on the penetration of built-in units, AC/DC operating capability, the use of internal lights, and distributions of door opening frequencies. This information is essential to develop detailed estimates of national energy usage and life-cycle costs, and would be helpful in obtaining information on other plug-load appliances. Additional information not highlighted in the main report was presented in Appendices.

Greenblatt, Jeffery B.; Young, Scott J.; Yang, Hung-Chia; Long, Timothy; Beraki, Bereket; Price, Sarah K.; Pratt, Stacy; Willem, Henry; Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

135

DOE Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator November 9, 2010 - 7:30pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Viking Range Corporation's refrigerator-freezer model VCSB542. The Department initiated this investigation in response to allegations that the model failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. After reviewing data provided by Viking for this model, the Department issued a testing demand on June 16, 2010 and initially tested four units, one of which was defective and replaced by a fifth unit. The test results showed that two Viking units failed the federal energy standard for maximum energy use, while two passed. Because of the wide variation in the

136

DOE Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

into Energy Efficiency of Viking into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator November 9, 2010 - 7:30pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Viking Range Corporation's refrigerator-freezer model VCSB542. The Department initiated this investigation in response to allegations that the model failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. After reviewing data provided by Viking for this model, the Department issued a testing demand on June 16, 2010 and initially tested four units, one of which was defective and replaced by a fifth unit. The test results showed that two Viking units failed the federal energy standard for maximum energy use, while two passed. Because of the wide variation in the

137

Determination of properties of PVE lubricants with HFC refrigerants[PolyVinylEther  

SciTech Connect

Polyalkyleneglycol (PAG) and polyol ester (POE) have been developed as refrigeration lubricants, used with HFC134a. PAG is used for automotive air conditioning systems and POE is used for domestic reciprocating refrigerators and for A/C systems. Although PAG exhibits good lubricity performance, it is difficult to use for domestic reciprocating refrigerators due to its low dielectric property. POE is difficult to use for automotive A/C systems, due to hydrolysis and poor lubricity performance. Polyvinylether (PVE) can be used in place of PAG and POE with HFC refrigerants. PVE is used for A/C systems as well as refrigerator and freezer applications. PVE is an ideal lubricant for use with HFCs.

Kaneko, Masato; Sakanoue, Shuichi; Tazaki, Toshihiro; Tominaga, Shoichi; Takagi, Minoru; Goodin, M.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

ARTI refrigerant database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database is an information system on alternative refrigerants, associated lubricants, and their use in air conditioning and refrigeration. It consolidates and facilitates access to property, compatibility, environmental, safety, application and other information. It provides corresponding information on older refrigerants, to assist manufacturers and those using alternative refrigerants, to make comparisons and determine differences. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern.

Calm, J.M.

1996-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

139

Covered Product Category: Residential Freezers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Freezers Freezers Covered Product Category: Residential Freezers October 7, 2013 - 11:18am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including residential freezers, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases For the most up-to-date efficiency levels required by ENERGY STAR, look for

140

DOE/AHAM advanced refrigerator technology development project  

SciTech Connect

As part of the effort to improve residential energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse emissions from power plants, several design options were investigated for improving the energy efficiency of a conventionally designed domestic refrigerator-freezer. The program goal was to reduce the energy consumption of a 20-ft{sup 3} (570-L) top-mount refrigerator-freeze to 1.00 kWh/d, a 50% reduction from the 1993 National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA) standard. The options--such as improved cabinet and door insulation, a high-efficiency compressor, a low-wattage fan, a large counterflow evaporator, and adaptive defrost control--were incorporated into prototype refrigerator-freezer cabinets and refrigeration systems. The refrigerant HFC-134a was used as a replacement for CFC-12. The baseline energy performance of the production refrigerator-freezers, along with cabinet heat load and compressor calorimeter test results, were extensively documented to provide a firm basis for experimentally measured energy savings. The project consisted of three main phases: (1) an evaluation of energy-efficient design options using computer simulation models and experimental testing, (2) design and testing of an initial prototype unit, and (3) energy and economic analyses of a final prototype. The final prototype achieved an energy consumption level of 0.93 kWh/d--an improvement of 45% over the baseline unit and 54% over the 1993 NAECA standard for 20-fg{sup 3} (570-L) units. The manufacturer`s cost for those improvements was estimated at $134; assuming that cost is doubled for the consumer, it would take about 11.4 years to pay for the design changes. Since the payback period was thought to be unfeasible, a second, more cost-effective design was also tested. Its energy consumption level was 1.16 kWh/d, a 42% energy savings, at a manufacturer`s cost increase of $53. Again assuming a 100% markup, the payback for this unit would be 6.6 years.

Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.; Rice, C.K.; Linkous, R.L.; Hardin, C.V.; Bohman, R.H.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Evaluation of Local Enforcement of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Program in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of 54 product models of refrigerators, freezers and room airfor household refrigerators/ freezers and room air

Zheng, Nina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Environmental Stewardship: How Semiconductor Suppliers Help to Meet Energy-Efficiency Regulations and Voluntary Specifications in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standards Domestic refrigerators/freezers* Room airLabeling Domestic refrigerators/freezers* Room air

Aizhen, Li; Fanara, Andrew; Fridley, David; Merriman, Louise; Ju, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Improving the energy efficiency of refrigerators in India  

SciTech Connect

Five state-of-the-art, production refrigerators from different manufacturers in India were subjected to a variety of appliance rating and performance evaluation test procedures in an engineering laboratory. Cabinet heat loss, compressor calorimeter, high-ambient pull-down, and closed-door energy consumption tests were performed on each unit to assess the current status of commercially available Indian refrigerators and refrigerator component efficiencies. Daily energy consumption tests were performed at nominal line voltages and at 85% and 115% of nominal voltage to assess the effect of grid voltage variations. These test results were also used to indicate opportunities for effective improvements in energy efficiency. A widely distributed ``generic`` computer model capable of simulating single-door refrigerators with a small interior freezer section was used to estimate cabinet heat loss rates and closed door energy consumption values from basic cabinet and refrigeration circuit inputs. This work helped verify the model`s accuracy and potential value as a tool for evaluating the energy impact of proposed design options. Significant differences ranging from 30 to 90% were seen in the measured performance criterion for these ``comparable`` refrigerators suggesting opportunities for improvements in individual product designs. Modeled cabinet heat loadings differed from experimentally extrapolated values in a range from 2--29%, and daily energy consumption values estimated by the model differed from laboratory data by as little as 3% or as much as 25%, which indicates that refinement of the model may be needed for this single-door refrigerator type. Additional comparisons of experimentally measured performance criteria such as % compressor run times and compressor cycling rates to modeled results are given. The computer model is used to evaluate the energy saving impact of several modest changes to the basic Indian refrigerator design.

Sand, J.R.; Vineyard, E.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bohman, R.H. [Consulting Engineer, Cedar Rapids, IA (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Save with Hybrid Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SAVE WITH HYBRID REFRIGERATION Cheng-Wen (Wayne) Chung, P.E. Fluor Engineers, Inc. Irvine, California ABSTRACT Two level demand makes it possible to use two systems for refrigeration and save energy and money. An example of this type... of refrigeration, consisting of an ammonia absorption refrigeration (AAR) unit and a mechanical compression refrigera tion (MCR) unit, is presented in this article. This paper will briefly describe process configur ation, advantages and utility consumption...

Chung, C. W.

145

Refrigerants in Transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

component of ternary blends and as a blowing agent. Further testing is ongoing to determine its performance characteristics. Since CFC-114 chillers constitute an estimated 1% of the more than 80,000 centrifugal chillers, testing has not been a high..., commercial refrigerators, ice makers, etc. Some commercial chillers. Some commercial refrigeration. Marine refrigeration, stationery chillers, ternary blends, blowing agents. 51 RESULTS OF TESTING The testing programs undertaken by the refrigerant...

Stouppe, D. E.

146

Towards believable cloth motion in computer animation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis covers the implementation of a cloth modeling algorithm within a computer animation package. The main objective of this thesis is to prove the feasibility of simulating the behavior of cloth using an empirically based model coupled...

Segu, Sunil Venkatesh

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

147

Energy use of US residential refrigerators and freezers: function derivation based on household and climate characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

all units in our da- taset. (AHAM) (see Appendix 7-B in DOEownership provided by AHAM (2010, personal communication).in ownership provided by AHAM to weight the RECS ownership

Greenblatt, Jeffery

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

9-056-462-00 (3557) EXPLOSION-PROOF REFRIGERATOR, FREEZER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AND MANUFACTURERS 15th and Bloomingdale Avenues, Melrose Park, Illinois 60160 1 (800) 323-0257 · Fax: 450-2BA 04 fiujxs'dun uaqA uLSTl XOaHO AHOSSaOOYii ©w^ osn -z ·punoj sx afianiap j j Axa^axpanmj aajoaao

Kleinfeld, David

149

Energy use of US residential refrigerators and freezers: function derivation based on household and climate characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), U.S. Energyod for estimating field energy consumption of US residentialconsumption survey—detailed tables. Residential Energy Con- sumption Survey (RECS), U.S.

Greenblatt, Jeffery

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for U.S. EPA Energy Star Labeled Products: Expanded Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solid door refrigerator and freezer Commercial steam cooker4, 5 New home Refrigerator and freezer 6 Residential clothesdoor commercial refrigerators and freezers, refrigerated

Sanchez, Marla

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

International Comparison of Energy Efficiency Awards for Appliance Manufacturers and Retailers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dehumidifiers, refrigerators and freezers, room airAutomatic Commercial Ice Makers Refrigerators, Freezers,and Refrigerator?Freezers Refrigerated Beverage Vending

Zhou, Nan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Monitoring refrigeration energy useage.  

SciTech Connect

Refrigerators use more energy than any other kitchen appliance -- an unsurprising fact considering that refrigerators operate 24 hours a day, 365 days a year to keep food at a safe temperature. In many low-income households, refrigerators eat up more than half the electricity consumed in one year. And if the refrigerator in a family's home is functioning poorly, the cost to the consumer can be enormous. Discovering whether an existing refrigerator is operating inefficiently enough to warrant replacing it is an extremely difficult task for a resident who sees only a monthly electric bill. Only by knowing the approximate usage of the existing unit can anyone tell whether it would pay to buy a new, energy-efficient refrigerator. The savings from replacing older refrigerators can be substantial, and collecting the data needed to determine when refrigerators should be replaced is easier and less costly than one might think. In both Chicago and New York City, replacing existing units cut refrigerator electricity usage by more than 50%. Monitoring to develop an average usage for the existing stock of refrigerators is a task that can be completed by maintenance staff in a reasonably short time -- and identifying poorly performing units that should be immediately replaced can take just two hours of monitoring.

Cavallo, J.; Mapp, J.; Energy Systems; Wisconsin Energy Bureau

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

ARTI refrigerant database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database is an information system on alternative refrigerants, associated lubricants, and their use in air conditioning and refrigeration. It consolidates and facilitates access to property, compatibility, environmental, safety, application and other information. It provides corresponding information on older refrigerants, to assist manufacturers and those using alternative refrigerants, to make comparisons and determine differences. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included, though some may be added at a later date. The database identifies sources of specific information on refrigerants. It addresses lubricants including alkylbenzene, polyalkylene glycol, polyolester, and other synthetics as well as mineral oils. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits. Incomplete citations or abstracts are provided for some documents. They are included to accelerate availability of the information and will be completed or replaced in future updates. Citations in this report are divided into the following topics: thermophysical properties; materials compatibility; lubricants and tribology; application data; safety; test and analysis methods; impacts; regulatory actions; substitute refrigerants; identification; absorption and adsorption; research programs; and miscellaneous documents. Information is also presented on ordering instructions for the computerized version.

Calm, J.M. [Calm (James M.), Great Falls, VA (United States)] [Calm (James M.), Great Falls, VA (United States)

1996-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

154

Clothes Dryer Automatic Termination Evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Volume 2: Improved Sensor and Control Designs Many residential clothes dryers on the market today provide automatic cycles that are intended to stop when the clothes are dry, as determined by the final remaining moisture content (RMC). However, testing of automatic termination cycles has shown that many dryers are susceptible to over-drying of loads, leading to excess energy consumption. In particular, tests performed using the DOE Test Procedure in Appendix D2 of 10 CFR 430 subpart B have shown that as much as 62% of the energy used in a cycle may be from over-drying. Volume 1 of this report shows an average of 20% excess energy from over-drying when running automatic cycles with various load compositions and dryer settings. Consequently, improving automatic termination sensors and algorithms has the potential for substantial energy savings in the U.S.

TeGrotenhuis, Ward E.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Manufacture of refrigeration oils  

SciTech Connect

Lubricating oils suitable for use in refrigeration equipment in admixture with fluorinated hydrocarbon refrigerants are produced by solvent extraction of naphthenic lubricating oil base stocks, cooling the resulting extract mixture, optionally with the addition of a solvent modifier, to form a secondary raffinate and a secondary extract, and recovering a dewaxed oil fraction of lowered pour point from the secondary raffinate as a refrigeration oil product. The process of the invention obviates the need for a separate dewaxing operation, such as dewaxing with urea, as conventionally employed for the production of refrigeration oils.

Chesluk, R.P.; Platte, H.J.; Sequeira, A.J.

1981-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

156

Chemically assisted mechanical refrigeration process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is provided a chemically assisted mechanical refrigeration process including the steps of: mechanically compressing a refrigerant stream which includes vaporized refrigerant; contacting the refrigerant with a solvent in a mixer at a pressure sufficient to promote substantial dissolving of the refrigerant in the solvent in the mixer to form a refrigerant-solvent solution while concurrently placing the solution in heat exchange relation with a working medium to transfer energy to the working medium, said refrigerant-solvent solution exhibiting a negative deviation from Raoult's Law; reducing the pressure over the refrigerant-solvent solution in an evaporator to allow the refrigerant to vaporize and substantially separate from the solvent while concurrently placing the evolving refrigerant-solvent solution in heat exchange relation with a working medium to remove energy from the working medium to thereby form a refrigerant stream and a solvent stream; and passing the solvent and refrigerant stream from the evaporator. 5 figs.

Vobach, A.R.

1987-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

157

Chemically assisted mechanical refrigeration process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is provided a chemically assisted mechanical refrigeration process including the steps of: mechanically compressing a refrigerant stream which includes vaporized refrigerant; contacting the refrigerant with a solvent in a mixer at a pressure sufficient to promote substantial dissolving of the refrigerant in the solvent in the mixer to form a refrigerant-solvent solution while concurrently placing the solution in heat exchange relation with a working medium to transfer energy to the working medium, said refrigerant-solvent solution exhibiting a negative deviation from Raoult's Law; reducing the pressure over the refrigerant-solvent solution in an evaporator to allow the refrigerant to vaporize and substantially separate from the solvent while concurrently placing the evolving refrigerant-solvent solution in heat exchange relation with a working medium to remove energy from the working medium to thereby form a refrigerant stream and a solvent stream; and passing the solvent and refrigerant stream from the evaporator. 5 figs.

Vobach, A.R.

1987-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

158

VEE-0075 - In the Matter of Viking Range Corporation | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers and Freezers (Refrigerator Efficiency Standards). In its exception...

159

Teenage Girls' Attitudes and Satisfactions with Clothing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY CollegcStation,Texa~ a TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION, R. E. Patterson, Director I Teenage attitudes, satisfactions and practices regarding clothing were studied by interviewing 471 girls from junior and senior high... to social achievement rather than social contribution. Social achievement reasons were given more frequently by girls in low income groups. Although quantity of clothing was important, these girls showed more in- terest in clothing suitable...

Drake, Phyllis E.; Standlee, Joe Ann

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

ARTI Refrigerant Database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database consolidates and facilitates access to information to assist industry in developing equipment using alternative refrigerants. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air- conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included, though some may be added at a later date. The database identifies sources of specific information on R-32, R-123, R-124, R- 125, R-134a, R-141b, R142b, R-143a, R-152a, R-290 (propane), R-717 (ammonia), ethers, and others as well as azeotropic and zeotropic blends of these fluids. It addresses polyalkylene glycol (PAG), ester, and other lubricants. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits.

Calm, J.M.

1992-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Clothing Insulation and Accidental Hypothermia in Youth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and climbers in Britain. The effects of exercise, wind and wetting on the thermal insulation of a typical clothing assembly were observed. The clothing examined had been worn by ... ) 0-13 1-00 (b) AN ABBREVIATED TABLE or STANDARD VALUES OF AIR INSULATION (IA)4

L. G. C. PUGH

1966-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

162

Residential Clothes Washers (Appendix J2) | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

J2) Residential Clothes Washers (Appendix J2) Standardized Templates for Reporting Test Results Residential Clothes Washer (Appendix J2).xlsx More Documents & Publications...

163

2014-04-11 Issuance: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Washers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-04-11 Issuance: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Washers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking...

164

Energy Department Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers to Qualify for the ENERGY STAR Label Energy Department Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers to Qualify for the ENERGY STAR...

165

Mothers' Attitudes and Satisfactions Concerning Teenage Daughters' Clothing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

income (P. P. clothing. There was a broad trend for family size to be re- lated...- educational level (P. clothing decision. In the same...

Bathke, Carol Sander.; Burson, L. Sharon (Linda Sharon)

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Cryogenic optical refrigeration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis compiles recent achievements in optical refrigeration, cooling a 5 wt. % ytterbium doped yttrium lithium fluoride (Yb+3:YLF) crystal through anti-Stokes fluorescence to a… (more)

Melgaard, Seth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Multi-stage Cascaded Stirling Refrigerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multi-stage Cascaded Stirling Refrigerator Multi-stage Cascaded Stirling Refrigerator Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) researchers have developed a multi-stage refrigerator,...

168

International Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510) July 20, 2012 DOE ordered International Refrigeration Products to pay an 8,000 civil penalty after finding International Refrigeration had...

169

Check-Testing of Manufacturer Self Reported Labeling Data & Compliance with MEPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Table B- 1 Refrigerator and Freezer Effective capacity ?L?energy label Refrigerators and Freezers No. Product featurecon- ditioners, refrigerators and freezers, greatly improved

Zhou, Nan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Calendar Year 2009 Program Benefits for ENERGY STAR Labeled Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solid door refrigerators and freezers Commercial steamProfessional Displays Refrigerators and freezers ResidentialCommercial Refrigerators and Freezers • Compact Florescent

Homan, Gregory K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Energy Data Sourcebook for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

auto-defrost refrigerators and freezers, and solid-state/For example, new refrigerators and freezers have increasedfactors for refrigerators and freezers are based on data for

Wenzel, T.P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2011)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Variable speed AC Gas water heaters Refrigerators Freezer-refrigerators Freezers CC?4500 CC?7100 CC?14000 CC?4500 CC?televisions, refrigerators (with freezer), cellular phones,

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Residential Sector End-Use Forecasting with EPRI-REEPS 2.1: Summary Input Assumptions and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the size of refrigerators and freezers; for all otherwhile water heating, refrigerator, and freezer end-uses showas projected by REEPS. Refrigerator and freezer percentage

Koomey, Jonathan G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Status of China's Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels for Appliances and International Collaboration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

testing in 2006 for refrigerators, freezers and room air-three products (refrigerators, freezers, air-conditionersStandards Domestic refrigerators/freezers* Room air

Zhou, Nan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

2007 Status Report: Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) VoluntaryLabeling Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial Reach-In Refrigerators and Freezers. Prepared for1996 Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers 2001 OilCommercial Reach-In Refrigerators and Freezers." March 1,

Sanchez, Marla; Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Homan, Gregory K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

2006 Status Report Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) Voluntary Labeling Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1996 Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers 2001 OilCommercial Reach-In Refrigerators and Freezers. Prepared forfans, and reach-in refrigerators and freezers in 2001 and

Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Sanchez, Marla; Homan, Gregory K.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Prioritizing Climate Change Mitigation Alternatives: Comparing Transportation Technologies to Options in Other Sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heaters Walk-in refrigerators and freezers Single-voltagewashers, commercial refrigerators and freezers, commercialDay Domestic RefrigeratorFreezer. ” ASHRAE Transactions ,

Lutsey, Nicholas P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Mitigating Carbon Emissions: the Potential of Improving Efficiency of Household Appliances in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of household refrigerators and freezers 2 . Therefore, thesales of the refrigerators and freezers are about 20.6for household refrigerators and freezers has been updated

Lin, Jiang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Incorporating Experience Curves in Appliance Standards Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

furnaces, and refrigerators and freezers. These allow us topumps, furnaces, refrigerators and freezers (US DepartmentPCU333415333415C Refrigerators and freezers Household

Desroches, Louis-Benoit

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Savings estimates for the United States Environmental Protection Agency?s ENERGY STAR voluntary product labeling program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cabinets commercial refrigerators and freezers commercialsolid door refrigerators and freezers Commercial steam7 New homes Refrigerators and freezers Room air conditioners

Sanchez, Marla Christine

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Impacts of China's Current Appliance Standards and Labeling Program to 2020  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standards Domestic refrigerators/freezers* Room airLabeling Domestic refrigerators/freezers* Room air3-star compartment Refrigerator/Freezer Chest frozen food

Fridley, David; Aden, Nathaniel; Zhou, Nan; Lin, Jiang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Bottom-Up Energy Analysis System - Methodology and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statement Household Refrigerators and Freezers. 2008. EC,technologies (e.g. refrigerators and freezers are groupedresidential refrigerators and freezers: function derivation

McNeil, Michael A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Compliance and Verification of Standards and Labelling Programs in China: Lessons Learned  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for household refrigerators/ freezers and room airZhou et al 2008] Refrigerators Freezers Air conditionersZhou et al 2008] Refrigerators Freezers Air conditioners

Saheb, Yamina

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

California DREAMing: the design of residential demand responsive technology with people in mind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

standards on refrigerators and freezers, room and centralexample, while refrigerators and freezers contribute to peakelectric lights refrigerator/freezer plasma screen

Peffer, Therese E.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Projected Regional Impacts of Appliance Efficiency Standards for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

standards Other Refrigerators and Freezers DWsandCWs: g aioo%- Other | Refrigerators and Freezers Gas and oil watermarket prices for refrigerators and freezers from 1987 to

Koomey, J.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Energy Efficiency Standards and Labels in North America: Opportunities for Harmonization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

States MEPS Test Procedures Refrigerators and freezersRefrigerators and freezers Split system central AC Centralof test procedures: refrigerators and freezers, room air

Wiel, Stephen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

U.S. residential consumer product information: Validation of methods for post-stratification weighting of Amazon Mechanical Turk surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

refrigerators and freezers 4.4.3 Average numbers of refrigerators and freezers acrossthe number of refrigerators and freezers in a home along

Greenblatt, Jeffery B.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Compliance and Verification of Standards and Labeling Programs in China: Lessons Learned  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for household refrigerators/ freezers and room airZhou et al 2008] Refrigerators Freezers Air conditionersZhou et al 2008] Refrigerators Freezers Air conditioners

Saheb, Yamina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Energy Management A Program of Energy Conservation for the Community College Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STEAM COOKERS REFRIGERATORS and FREEZERS Some importantcapability. Leveling. Refrigerators and freezers should beH Continued Refrigerators and Freezers Every food service

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

2005 Status Report Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) Voluntary Labeling Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial Reach-In Refrigerators and Freezers. Prepared forCommercial Refrigerators and Freezers …… Set-topfans, and reach-in refrigerators and freezers in 2001 and

Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Sanchez, Marla

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Downhole pulse tube refrigerators  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes a preliminary design study to explore the plausibility of using pulse tube refrigeration to cool instruments in a hot down-hole environment. The original motivation was to maintain Dave Reagor`s high-temperature superconducting electronics at 75 K, but the study has evolved to include three target design criteria: cooling at 30 C in a 300 C environment, cooling at 75 K in a 50 C environment, cooling at both 75 K and 30 C in a 250 C environment. These specific temperatures were chosen arbitrarily, as representative of what is possible. The primary goals are low cost, reliability, and small package diameter. Pulse-tube refrigeration is a rapidly growing sub-field of cryogenic refrigeration. The pulse tube refrigerator has recently become the simplest, cheapest, most rugged and reliable low-power cryocooler. The authors expect this technology will be applicable downhole because of the ratio of hot to cold temperatures (in absolute units, such as Kelvin) of interest in deep drilling is comparable to the ratios routinely achieved with cryogenic pulse-tube refrigerators.

Swift, G.; Gardner, D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Condensed Matter and Thermal Physics Group

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Clothes That Care -- Flame Resistant Protection.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.. 8-1272 othes That Care- Flame Resistant Protection" TOoe ZTA245.7 8873 NQ.'2'T2 Texas Agricultural Extension Service . The Texas A&M University System Daniel C. Pfannstiel, Director, College Station, Texas , ? Clothes That Care- Flame... Resistant Protection Claudia Kerbel * Concern for a safer environment has led to changes in many of the everyday products we use , including clothing . In the' past dec ade, flame-resistant (FR) garments and fabrics have become more available than ever...

Kerbel, Claudia

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Homemakers' Practices and Satisfactions with Clothing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

' Practices and Satisfactions with Clothing M OME ECONOMISTS AND SOCIAL SCIENTISTS have long been interested in the manner in which individuals evaluate clothing items. The evaluation is necessarily made in terms of the whole man, that is, his.... BUYING CONSULTANTS Homemakers were asked: "If you needed to m;~kc a choice between 2 or more dresses or other (.lothin; when buying, who would you like to consult before mak- sultation. A homemaker who would consult her husband ing your decision...

Bathke, Carol Sander.; Burson, L. Sharon (Linda Sharon)

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Calculational criticality analyses of 10- and 20-MW UF{sub 6} freezer/sublimer vessels  

SciTech Connect

Calculational criticality analyses have been performed for 10- and 20-MW UF{sub 6} freezer/sublimer vessels. The freezer/sublimers have been analyzed over a range of conditions that encompass normal operation and abnormal conditions. The effects of HF moderation of the UF{sub 6} in each vessel have been considered for uranium enriched between 2 and 5 wt % {sup 235}U. The results indicate that the nuclearly safe enrichments originally established for the operation of a 10-MW freezer/sublimer, based on a hydrogen-to-uranium moderation ratio of 0.33, are acceptable. If strict moderation control can be demonstrated for hydrogen-to-uranium moderation ratios that are less than 0.33, then the enrichment limits for the 10-MW freezer/sublimer may be increased slightly. The calculations performed also allow safe enrichment limits to be established for a 20-NM freezer/sublimer under moderation control.

Jordan, W.C.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Calculational criticality analyses of 10- and 20-MW UF[sub 6] freezer/sublimer vessels  

SciTech Connect

Calculational criticality analyses have been performed for 10- and 20-MW UF[sub 6] freezer/sublimer vessels. The freezer/sublimers have been analyzed over a range of conditions that encompass normal operation and abnormal conditions. The effects of HF moderation of the UF[sub 6] in each vessel have been considered for uranium enriched between 2 and 5 wt % [sup 235]U. The results indicate that the nuclearly safe enrichments originally established for the operation of a 10-MW freezer/sublimer, based on a hydrogen-to-uranium moderation ratio of 0.33, are acceptable. If strict moderation control can be demonstrated for hydrogen-to-uranium moderation ratios that are less than 0.33, then the enrichment limits for the 10-MW freezer/sublimer may be increased slightly. The calculations performed also allow safe enrichment limits to be established for a 20-NM freezer/sublimer under moderation control.

Jordan, W.C.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Proceedings: Commercial Refrigeration Research Workshop  

SciTech Connect

Improving refrigeration systems for commercial use can enhance both utility load factors and supermarket profits. This workshop has pinpointed research needs in commercial refrigeration and systems integration for a supermarket environment.

None

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Waste Heat Recovery from Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heat recovery from refrigeration machines is a concept which has great potential for implementation in many businesses. If a parallel requirement for refrigeration and hot water exists, the installation of a system to provide hot water as a by...

Jackson, H. Z.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Refrigeration monitor and alarm system  

SciTech Connect

A monitor is described for a refrigeration system including a heat reclaiming system coupled therewith, comprising: a sensor positioned to detect the level of liquid state refrigerant in the system and provide an electrical output signal therefrom; a digital display for displaying the refrigerant level; first circuit means coupling the digital display to the sensor for actuating the digital display; and lockout means coupled with the sensor for deactivating the heat reclaiming system when a preselected refrigerant level is reached.

Branz, M.A.; Renaud, P.F.

1986-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

199

Helium dilution refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 1875" OD exchanger Qu ID copper cap Fig. 6. Assembled view of 3He - He dilution refrigerator. 26 The joint thru the tubing wall and the joining of the two sizes of capillary were silver soldered (35/ silver content). A 0. 250" OD tube... the inert atmosphere inside the refrigerator. After removal from the nitrogen atmosphere the graphite support, was 'attached to the still and mixing chamber using Stycast 2850 GT with catalyst g9 ). The mass of the graphite 26 support 1s 11. 62 grams...

McKee, Thomas Raymond

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

200

Enhanced naphthenic refrigeration oils for household refrigerator systems  

SciTech Connect

Due to industry concerns about the successful employment of hydrofluorocarbon-immiscible hydrocarbon oils in refrigeration systems, enhanced naphthenic refrigeration oils have been developed. These products have been designed to be more dispersible with hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants, such as R-134a, in order to facilitate lubricant return to the compressor and to ensure proper energy efficiency of the system. Bench tests and system performance evaluations indicate the feasibility of these oils for use in household refrigeration applications. Results of these evaluations are compared with those obtained with polyol esters and typical naphthenic mineral oils employed in chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) and hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) refrigeration applications.

Reyes-Gavilan, J.L.; Flak, G.T.; Tritcak, T.R. [Witco Corp., Oakland, NJ (United States); Barbour, C.B. [Americold, Cullman, AL (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Jefferson Lab Science Series - Living and Working in the Freezer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Volcanoes in Virginia! Volcanoes in Virginia! Previous Video (Volcanoes in Virginia!) Science Series Video Archive Next Video (You Already Know This Physics!) You Already Know This Physics! Living and Working in the Freezer Dr. Victoria Hill - Old Dominion University, Bio-Optics Group February 7, 2012 Very little data of any kind exists from the early spring in the Arctic. The reason? It's extremely cold and that makes it difficult to survive, let alone conduct science. From March through the end of April, 2011, scientists from around the world braved temperatures of -48°C in the high Canadian Arctic in the name of science. At the Catlin Arctic Survey's floating 'Ice Base' off Ellef Ringnes Island, Dr. Victoria Hill was investigating how organic material in fresh water near the surface of the

202

Uranium hexaflouride freezer/sublimer process simulator/trainer  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a software and hardware simulation of a freezer/sublimer unit used in gaseous diffusion processing of uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}). The objective of the project was to build a plant simulator that reads control signals and produces plant signals to mimic the behavior of an actual plant. The model is based on physical principles and process data. Advanced Continuous Simulation Language (ACSL) was used to develop the model. Once the simulation was validated with actual plant process data, the ACSL model was translated into Advanced Communication and Control Oriented Language (ACCOL). A Bristol Babcock Distributed Process Controller (DPC) Model 3330 was the hardware platform used to host the ACCOL model and process the real world signals. The DPC will be used as a surrogate plant to debug control system hardware/software and to train operators to use the new distributed control system without disturbing the process. 2 refs., 4 figs.

Carnal, C.L. (Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (USA)); Belcher, J.D.; Tapp, P.A.; Ruppel, F.R.; Wells, J.C. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Dynamic predictive clothing insulation models based on outdoor air and indoor operative temperatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

predictive clothing insulation models based on outdoor airrange of the clothing insulation calculated for eachbuilding). Figure 8 Clothing insulation versus dress code [

Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Predictive clothing insulation model based on outdoor air and indoor operative temperatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2012) Predictive clothing insulation model based on outdoorPredictive clothing insulation model based on outdoor airpredictive models of clothing insulation have been developed

Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers Make Sense for the U.S. Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

than conventional electric resistance clothes dryers, andof HPCDs or baseline electric resistance clothes dryers tothan conventional electric resistance clothes dryers, the

Meyers, Steve

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Preliminary engineering analysis for clothes washers  

SciTech Connect

The Engineering Analysis provides information on efficiencies, manufacturer costs, and other characteristics of the appliance class being analyzed. For clothes washers, there are two classes: standard and compact. Since data were not available to analyze the compact class, only clothes washers were analyzed in this report. For this analysis, individual design options were combined and ordered in a manner that resulted in the lowest cumulative cost/savings ratio. The cost/savings ratio is the increase in manufacturer cost for a design option divided by the reduction in operating costs due to fuel and water savings.

Biermayer, Peter J.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Ex parte Communication | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

proposed rulemaking on energy conservation standards for residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers. Ex parte Communication More Documents & Publications...

208

EA-1138: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Assessment Proposed Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers This Environmental Assessment (EA) presents the associated...

209

Asset Management Equipment Disposal Form -Refrigerant Recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

enters the waste stream with the charge intact (e.g., motor vehicle air conditioners, refrigeratorsAsset Management Equipment Disposal Form - Refrigerant Recovery Safe Disposal Requirements Under refrigeration, cold storage warehouse refrigeration, chillers, and industrial process refrigeration) has to have

Sin, Peter

210

Multilayer Thermionic Refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

A review is presented of our program to construct an efficient solid state refrigerator based on thermionic emission of electrons over periodic barriers in the solid. The experimental program is to construct a simple device with one barrier layer using a three layers: metal-semiconductor-metal. The theoretical program is doing calculations to determine: (i) the optimal layer thickness, and (ii) the thermal conductivity.

Mahan, G.D.

1999-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

211

Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Clothes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Clothes Washers to someone by E-mail Clothes Washers to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Clothes Washers on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Clothes Washers on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Clothes Washers on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Clothes Washers on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Clothes Washers on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Clothes Washers on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories Product Designation Process Low Standby Power Energy & Cost Savings Calculators

212

DOE Seeks Comment on Application of Clothes Washer Test Procedure |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Application of Clothes Washer Test Procedure Application of Clothes Washer Test Procedure DOE Seeks Comment on Application of Clothes Washer Test Procedure June 30, 2010 - 3:02pm Addthis Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) issued a draft interpretative rule clarifying its views on the application of the current residential clothes washer test procedure to machines that offer a warm rinse option that is not included in the recommended cycle for washing cotton or linen clothes. The Department is soliciting feedback from the public on the draft interpretive rule, which is available here, until July 30, 2010. Addthis Related Articles Save Energy and More with ENERGY STAR. ENERGY STAR clothes washers use 50% less energy to wash clothes than standard washing machines. Tips: Laundry DOE Solicits Views on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes Washer

213

DOE Testing Finds Two Kenmore-Brand Freezers Noncompliant | Department of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testing Finds Two Kenmore-Brand Freezers Noncompliant Testing Finds Two Kenmore-Brand Freezers Noncompliant DOE Testing Finds Two Kenmore-Brand Freezers Noncompliant August 13, 2012 - 1:53pm Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy's ("DOE") Office of Enforcement recently issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Sears, Roebuck & Co. ("Sears") regarding two Kenmore-brand chest freezers, basic model 255.19502010 ("19502" or "1950") and basic model 255.19702010 ("19702" or "1970"), which are privately labeled and distributed in commerce in the U.S. by Sears and manufactured in China. In late 2011 and early 2012, DOE tested four units of basic model 19702 and four units of basic model 19502. DOE's testing demonstrated that neither basic model is in compliance with federal law. Basic model 19702

214

Miniature liquid?3He refrigerator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of a cryopump and high?pressure internal storage of the cryogen makes it possible to miniaturize a one?shot recyclable 3He refrigerator while at the same time improving its performance. Because of their simplified interface requirements such refrigerators are readily incorporated into existing 4He cryostats allowing a convenient extension of their operating range down to 0.3 K. An analysis of the parameters describing refrigerator performance (condensation time heat transfer to the 4He bath lifetime and refrigeration power) leads to the definition of an optimized refrigerator. Measured performance characteristics of a miniature [2?l standard temperature and pressure (STP) of 3He] refrigerator used in laboratory and stratospheric balloon?borne experiments are given.

J. P. Torre; G. Chanin

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Vaccine refrigerator testing. Final report  

SciTech Connect

For the Central American Health Clinic Project initiated in 1986, Sandia National Laboratories and the Florida Solar Energy Center recognized the need for a test and evaluation program for vaccine refrigeration systems. At the Florida Solar Energy Center, side-by-side testing of three photovoltaic powered vaccine refrigerators began in 1987. The testing was expanded in 1988 to include a kerosene absorption refrigerator. This report presents observations, conclusions, and recommendations derived from testing the four vaccine refrigeration systems. Information is presented pertaining to the refrigerators, photovoltaic arrays, battery subsystems, charge controllers, and user requirements. This report should be of interest to designers, manufacturers, installers, and users of photovoltaic-powered vaccine refrigeration systems and components.

Ventre, G.G. [Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States); Kilfoyle, D.; Marion, B. [Florida Solar Energy Center, Cape Canaveral, FL (United States)

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Energy-conservation program: notice of proposed rulemaking  

SciTech Connect

A notice of proposed rulemaking, proposing energy efficiency standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, room air conditioners, home heating equipment (not including furnaces) kitchen ranges and ovens, and central air conditioners ispresented. Comments are invited and the procedure for public comment is detailed. Issues included and presented in the proposed rulemaking are: determination of energy efficiency levels, macro-economic analysis, certification and enforcement, effect on other law, small business exemptions, environmental assessment, and regulatory analysis. (MCW)

Not Available

1980-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

217

NICE3: Industrial Refrigeration System  

SciTech Connect

Energy Concepts has developed an absorption-augmented system as a cost-effective means of achieving more cooling capacity with a substantial reduction in energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions for industrial refrigeration. It cuts fuel consumption by 30% by combining an internal combustion engine with a mechanical compression refrigeration system and an absorption refrigeration system. The absorption system is powered by engine waste heat. Conventional industrial refrigeration uses mechanical vapor compression, powered by electric motors, which results in higher energy costs. By the year 2010, the new system could cut fuel consumption by 19 trillion Btu and greenhouse emissions by more than 1 million tons per year.

Simon, P.

1999-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

218

E-Print Network 3.0 - adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

refrigerator Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator...

219

Modular thermoacoustic refrigerator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A thermoacousticrefrigerator was built to explore scaling to large heat flux. The refrigerator was constructed according to a modular design so that various stack heat exchanger and resonator sections are easily interchangeable. The resonator is driven by a commercial 10?in. woofer. Initial tests using pure helium gas as the working fluid and steel honeycomb (0.8?mm cell) for the stack pumped 60 W of heat against a 10?°C temperature gradient. Measurements of heat flux and efficiency will be reported as functions of stack structure (e.g. pore size and shape) and will be compared with theoretical predictions.

Steven R. Murrell; George Mozurkewich

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

The refrigerator revolution  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses how a simple, new technology threw the best-laid plans of the chemical and refrigerator industries into disarray-and provided a new perspective on how future environmental agreements can be reached. In recent years, a series of massive business mergers has mesmerized the industrial world. However in the early 1990s a German environmentalist, triggered global reprocussions in the wake of the mandate to phase out the use of ozone depleting substances. The economic and political background of this is explained in detail.

Ayres, E.; French, H.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Control of household refrigerators. Part 2: Alternate control approaches for improving temperature performance and reducing energy use  

SciTech Connect

In Part 1 it was shown that conventional control of household refrigerators is achieved by regulating the distribution of air in the freezer compartment to all other parts of the plant. In Part 2 three alternative approaches to the conventional control of a top-mount refrigerator are presented: variable temperature bandwidths, uncoupled compressor and evaporator fan, and the combination of these two. These allowed the plant to achieve near-ideal control with respect to improved temperature performance in each compartment. Automatic airflow dampers were used with the dual controllers to independently regulate refrigerator compartment temperature. Plant performance was simulated using a model that computes the refrigerant and airflow systems behavior. Together, these alternate configurations and approaches define new control algorithms that reveal the plant's optimal control model for improving performance and energy usage relative to conventional controllers. Results based on model simulations are dependent upon the model's accuracy and validity. However, the model validation studies cited here, though limited in scope, do show agreement between simulation and experimental data for the ambient temperatures and thermal load conditions considered. This suggests that these model results are reasonable, and representative of actual plant behavior under these conditions and configurations for a top-mount style refrigerator plant.

Graviss, K.J.; Collins, R.L.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

DOE Seeks Comment on Application of Clothes Washer Test Procedure |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Seeks Comment on Application of Clothes Washer Test Procedure Seeks Comment on Application of Clothes Washer Test Procedure DOE Seeks Comment on Application of Clothes Washer Test Procedure June 30, 2010 - 3:02pm Addthis Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) issued a draft interpretative rule clarifying its views on the application of the current residential clothes washer test procedure to machines that offer a warm rinse option that is not included in the recommended cycle for washing cotton or linen clothes. The Department is soliciting feedback from the public on the draft interpretive rule, which is available here, until July 30, 2010. Addthis Related Articles DOE Seeks Comment on Definition of Showerhead Save Energy and More with ENERGY STAR. ENERGY STAR clothes washers use 50% less energy to wash clothes than standard washing machines.

223

Semiconductor-based optical refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Optical refrigerators using semiconductor material as a cooling medium, with layers of material in close proximity to the cooling medium that carries away heat from the cooling material and preventing radiation trapping. In addition to the use of semiconducting material, the invention can be used with ytterbium-doped glass optical refrigerators.

Epstein, Richard I. (Santa Fe, NM); Edwards, Bradley C. (Nekoosa, WI); Sheik-Bahae, Mansoor (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Load Forecasting of Supermarket Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy system. Observed refrigeration load and local ambient temperature from a Danish su- permarket renewable energy, is increasing, therefore a flexible energy system is needed. In the present ThesisLoad Forecasting of Supermarket Refrigeration Lisa Buth Rasmussen Kongens Lyngby 2013 M.Sc.-2013

225

Helium dilution refrigeration system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A helium dilution refrigeration system operable over a limited time period, and recyclable for a next period of operation. The refrigeration system is compact with a self-contained pumping system and heaters for operation of the system. A mixing chamber contains .sup.3 He and .sup.4 He liquids which are precooled by a coupled container containing .sup.3 He liquid, enabling the phase separation of a .sup.3 He rich liquid phase from a dilute .sup.3 He-.sup.4 He liquid phase which leads to the final stage of a dilution cooling process for obtaining low temperatures. The mixing chamber and a still are coupled by a fluid line and are maintained at substantially the same level with the still cross sectional area being smaller than that of the mixing chamber. This configuration provides maximum cooling power and efficiency by the cooling period ending when the .sup.3 He liquid is depleted from the mixing chamber with the mixing chamber nearly empty of liquid helium, thus avoiding unnecessary and inefficient cooling of a large amount of the dilute .sup.3 He-.sup.4 He liquid phase.

Roach, Patrick R. (Darien, IL); Gray, Kenneth E. (Naperville, IL)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Aging of Polyurethane Foam Insulation in Simulated Refrigerator Panels--Three-Year Results with Third-Generation Blowing Agents  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory data are presented on the effect of constant-temperature aging on the apparent thermal conductivity of polyurethane foam insulation for refrigerators and freezers. The foam specimens were blown with HCFC-141b and with three of its potential replacements--HFC-134a, HFC-245fa, and cyclopentane. Specimens were aged at constant temperatures of 90 F, 40 F, and -10 F. Thermal conductivity measurements were made on two types of specimens: full-thickness simulated refrigerator panels containing foam enclosed between solid plastic sheets, and thin slices of core foam cut from similar panels. Results are presented for the first three years of a multi-year aging study. Preliminary comparisons of measured data with predictions of a mathematical aging model are presented.

Wilkes, K.E.

2001-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

227

Aging of polyurethane foam insulation in simulated refrigerator panels -- Initial results with third-generation blowing agents  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory data are presented on the effect of constant-temperature aging on the apparent thermal conductivity of polyurethane foam insulation for refrigerators and freezers. The foam specimens were blown with HCFC-141b and with three of its potential replacements -- HFC-134a, HFC-245fa, and cyclopentane. Specimens were aged at constant temperatures of 90 F, 40 F, and {minus}10 F. Thermal conductivity measurements were made on two types of specimens: full-thickness simulated refrigerator panels containing foam enclosed between solid plastic sheets, and thin slices of core foam cut from similar panels. Results are presented for about 250 days of aging for the core-foam specimens and for the first six months of aging for the full-thickness panels.

Wilkes, K.E.; Gabbard, W.A.; Weaver, F.J.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Aging of Polyurethane Foam Insulation in Simulated Refrigerator Panels--Two-Year Results with Third-Generation Blowing Agents  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory data are presented on the effect of constant-temperature aging on the apparent thermal conductivity of polyurethane foam insulation for refrigerators and freezers. The foam specimens were blown with HCFC-141b and with three of its potential replacements--HFC-134a, HFC-245fa, and cyclopentane. Specimens were aged at constant temperatures of 90 F, 40 F, and {minus}10 F. Thermal conductivity measurements were made on two types of specimens: full-thickness simulated refrigerator panels containing foam enclosed between solid plastic sheets, and thin slices of core foam cut from similar panels. Results are presented for the first two years of a multi-year aging study. Preliminary comparisons of measured data with predictions of a mathematical aging model are presented.

Wilkes, K.E.

2001-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

229

Aging of Polyurethane Foam Insulation in Simulated Refrigerator Panels--One-Year Results with Third-Generation Blowing Agents  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory data are presented on the effect of constant-temperature aging on the apparent thermal conductivity of polyurethane foam insulation for refrigerators and freezers. The foam specimens were blown with HCFC-141b and with three of its potential replacements--HFC-134a, HFC-245fa, and cyclopentane. Specimens were aged at constant temperatures of 90 F, 40 F, and {minus}10 F. Thermal conductivity measurements were made on two types of specimens: full-thickness simulated refrigerator panels containing foam enclosed between solid plastic sheets, and thin slices of core foam cut from similar panels. Results are presented for the first year of a multi-year study for the full-thickness panels and for about 1-1/2 years of aging for the core-foam specimens.

Gabbard, W.A.; Weaver, F.J.; Wilkes, K.E.

1999-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

230

Cryogenic refrigeration apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A technique for producing a cold environment in a refrigerant system in which input fluid from a compressor at a first temperature is introduced into an input channel of the system and is pre-cooled to a second temperature for supply to one of at least two stages of the system, and to a third temperature for supply to another stage thereof. The temperatures at such stages are reduced to fourth and fifth temperatures below the second and third temperatures, respectively. Fluid at the fourth temperature from the one stage is returned through the input channel to the compressor and fluid at the fifth temperature from the other stage is returned to the compressor through an output channel so that pre-cooling of the input fluid to the one stage occurs by regenerative cooling and counterflow cooling and pre-cooling of the input fluid to the other stage occurs primarily by counterflow cooling.

Crunkleton, James A. (Cambridge, MA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

The Quantum Absorption Refrigerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A quantum absorption refrigerator driven by noise is studied with the purpose of determining the limitations of cooling to absolute zero. The model consists of a working medium coupled simultaneously to hot, cold and noise baths. Explicit expressions for the cooling power are obtained for Gaussian and Poisson white noise. The quantum model is consistent with the first and second laws of thermodynamics. The third law is quantified, the cooling power J_c vanishes as J_c proportional to T_c^{alpha}, when T_c approach 0, where alpha =d+1 for dissipation by emission and absorption of quanta described by a linear coupling to a thermal bosonic field, where d is the dimension of the bath.

Amikam Levy; Ronnie Kosloff

2011-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

232

The New York Power Authority`s energy-efficient refrigerator program for the New York City Housing Authority -- 1997 savings evaluation  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the estimation of the annual energy savings achieved from the replacement of 20,000 refrigerators in New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) public housing with new, highly energy-efficient models in 1997. The US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) pays NYCHA`s electricity bills, and agreed to reimburse NYCHA for the cost of the refrigerator installations. Energy savings over the lifetime of the refrigerators accrue to HUD. Savings were demonstrated by a metering project and are the subject of the analysis reported here. The New York Power Authority (NYPA) identified the refrigerator with the lowest life-cycle cost, including energy consumption over its expected lifetime, through a request for proposals (RFP) issued to manufacturers for a bulk purchase of 20,000 units in 1997. The procurement was won by Maytag with a 15-ft{sup 3} top-freezer automatic-defrost refrigerator rated at 437 kilowatt-hours/year (kWh/yr). NYCHA then contracted with NYPA to purchase, finance, and install the new refrigerators, and demanufacture and recycle materials from the replaced units. The US Department of Energy (DOE) helped develop and plan the project through the ENERGY STAR{reg_sign} Partnerships program conducted by its Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PNNL designed the metering protocol and occupant survey used in 1997, supplied and calibrated the metering equipment, and managed and analyzed the data collected by NYPA. The objective of the 1997 metering study was to achieve a general understanding of savings as a function of refrigerator label ratings, occupant effects, indoor and compartment temperatures, and characteristics (such as size, defrost features, and vintage). The data collected in 1997 was used to construct models of refrigerator energy consumption as a function of key refrigerator and occupant characteristics.

Pratt, R.G.; Miller, J.D.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

MagLab - Dilution Refrigerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in science. Using a condensationevaporation cycle not unlike that of a kitchen refrigerator, a dil fridge takes 4.2 K liquid helium way down to 1.5 K. The animation below...

234

Covered Product Category: Clothes Washers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clothes Washers Clothes Washers Covered Product Category: Clothes Washers October 7, 2013 - 11:16am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including clothes washers, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. This product category overview covers the following: Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases

235

Donate used career clothes to help others through October 15  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Donate Used Career Clothes to Help Others Community Connections: Your link to news and opportunities from Los Alamos National Laboratory Latest Issue: Dec. 2014 - Jan. 2015 All...

236

Covered Product Category: Clothes Washers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clothes Washers Clothes Washers Covered Product Category: Clothes Washers October 7, 2013 - 11:16am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including clothes washers, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. This product category overview covers the following: Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases

237

Analysis of simultaneous cooling and heating in supermarket refrigeration systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In this master thesis project, conventional supermarket refrigeration systems using R404A are compared with refrigeration system solutions using natural refrigerants such as carbon dioxide… (more)

Marigny, Johan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

High Efficiency, High Performance Clothes Dryer  

SciTech Connect

This program covered the development of two separate products; an electric heat pump clothes dryer and a modulating gas dryer. These development efforts were independent of one another and are presented in this report in two separate volumes. Volume 1 details the Heat Pump Dryer Development while Volume 2 details the Modulating Gas Dryer Development. In both product development efforts, the intent was to develop high efficiency, high performance designs that would be attractive to US consumers. Working with Whirlpool Corporation as our commercial partner, TIAX applied this approach of satisfying consumer needs throughout the Product Development Process for both dryer designs. Heat pump clothes dryers have been in existence for years, especially in Europe, but have not been able to penetrate the market. This has been especially true in the US market where no volume production heat pump dryers are available. The issue has typically been around two key areas: cost and performance. Cost is a given in that a heat pump clothes dryer has numerous additional components associated with it. While heat pump dryers have been able to achieve significant energy savings compared to standard electric resistance dryers (over 50% in some cases), designs to date have been hampered by excessively long dry times, a major market driver in the US. The development work done on the heat pump dryer over the course of this program led to a demonstration dryer that delivered the following performance characteristics: (1) 40-50% energy savings on large loads with 35 F lower fabric temperatures and similar dry times; (2) 10-30 F reduction in fabric temperature for delicate loads with up to 50% energy savings and 30-40% time savings; (3) Improved fabric temperature uniformity; and (4) Robust performance across a range of vent restrictions. For the gas dryer development, the concept developed was one of modulating the gas flow to the dryer throughout the dry cycle. Through heat modulation in a gas dryer, significant time and energy savings, combined with dramatically reduced fabric temperatures, was achieved in a cost-effective manner. The key design factor lay in developing a system that matches the heat input to the dryer with the fabrics ability to absorb it. The development work done on the modulating gas dryer over the course of this program led to a demonstration dryer that delivered the following performance characteristics: (1) Up to 25% reduction in energy consumption for small and medium loads; (2) Up to 35% time savings for large loads with 10-15% energy reduction and no adverse effect on cloth temperatures; (3) Reduced fabric temperatures, dry times and 18% energy reduction for delicate loads; and, (4) Robust performance across a range of vent restrictions.

Peter Pescatore; Phil Carbone

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

239

Influence Of Three Dynamic Predictive Clothing Insulation Models On Building Energy Use, HVAC Sizing And Thermal Comfort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predictive Clothing Insulation Models based on Outdoor AirPREDICTIVE CLOTHING INSULATION MODELS ON BUILDING ENERGYthat the clothing insulation is equal to a constant value of

Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Analysis of heat recovery in supermarket refrigeration system using carbon dioxide as refrigerant.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The aim of this study is to investigate the heat recovery potential in supermarket refrigeration systems using CO2 as refrigerants. The theoretical control strategy… (more)

Abdi, Amir

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

GEA Refrigeration Technologies / GEA Refrigeration Germany GmbH Wolfgang Dietrich / Dr. Ole Fredrich  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GEA Refrigeration Technologies / GEA Refrigeration Germany GmbH Wolfgang Dietrich / Dr. Ole Technologies3 Achema 2012 // heat pumps using ammonia Industrial demand on heat in Germany Heatdemandin

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

242

Retailers and Distributors CEC-400-2012-FS-005-En Updated 3/6/2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Plumbingfittingsandfixtures · Poolandspaequipment · Externalpowersupplies · Refrigerators,refrigerator-freezers, andfreezers

243

Analysis of Minimum Efficiency Standards and Rebate Incentive Programs for Domestic Refrigerators in the Pacific Northwest.  

SciTech Connect

Refrigerator-freezers (R/Fs) and freezers (FRs) account for 16% of the electricity consumed in the residential sector of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) forecast region (Oregon, Washington, Idaho and Western Montana). After space and water heating, R/Fs are the largest residential electrical end-use. There is great potential for reducing electricity consumption in a cost-effective manner through the purchase and use of more energy-efficient R/Fs and FRs. For example, if every household in the BPA region had the best R/F model now mass-produced, the electricity savings would be about 5 billion kWh/yr, approximately the power supplied annually by 1000 MW of nuclear or coal-fired generating capacity. The Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC) and BPA recognize the savings potential from efficient R/Fs and FRs as well as the barriers to their use. In the 1983 regional power plan, the Council directed BPA to develop and implement incentive and promotion programs for efficient appliances. The NPPC also called for the evaluation of minimum efficiency standards for appliances sold in the region. In response to this directive, the Office of Conservation in BPA funded an evaluation of both rebate incentive programs and minimum efficiency standards for R/Fs and FRs. The results are presented in this report.

Geller, Howard S.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Field Demonstration of High Efficiency Ultra-Low-Temperature Laboratory Freezers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Ultra-low temperature laboratory freezers (ULTs) are some of the most energy-intensive pieces of equipment in a scientific research laboratory, yet there are several barriers to user acceptance and adoption of high-efficiency ULTs. One significant barrier is a relative lack of information on ULT efficiency to help purchasers make informed decisions with respect to efficient products.

245

Fort Meade demonstration test LEDS in freezer rooms, fiber optics in display cases  

SciTech Connect

Demonstration projects at Fort George G. Meade, MD, substituted LED lighting for incandescent bulbs in commisary wal-in freezers and fiber optic lighting in reach-in display cases. The goal was to reduce energy consumption and the results were positive. Journal article published in Public Works Digest

Parker, Steven; Parker, Graham B.

2008-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

246

Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers Make Sense for the U.S. Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

N ATIONAL L ABORATORY Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers Make SenseUniversity of California. Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers MakeCalifornia ABSTRACT Heat pump clothes dryers (HPCDs) can be

Meyers, Steve

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers Make Sense for the U.S. Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

N ATIONAL L ABORATORY Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers Make SenseUniversity of California. Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers MakeBerkeley, California ABSTRACT Heat pump clothes dryers (

Meyers, Steve

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Evaluation of energy efficiency standards for residential clothes dryers in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy efficiency standards for residential clothes dryers in energy efficiency standards for residential clothes dryers in the USA Title Evaluation of energy efficiency standards for residential clothes dryers in the USA Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Lekov, Alexander B., Victor H. Franco, and Stephen Meyers Journal Energy Efficiency Date Published 05/2013 Keywords appliance standards, energy efficiency Abstract This article describes the analysis of monetary and energy savings attributable to various energy efficiency levels considered as potential US federal standards for residential clothes dryers. The analysis examined benefits to both consumers and the nation as a whole. Benefits to consumers were evaluated based on the life-cycle cost of affected appliances and the payback period associated with increased first costs. Benefits to the nation incorporate both energy and financial savings associated with each potential efficiency standard. The analysis incorporated the most current information on field use of clothes dryers, which shows that dryer usage and the moisture in clothes are less than previously thought. The analysis found that high-efficiency heat pump clothes dryers would be cost-effective for nearly one fifth of US households. However, for both electric standard and gas clothes dryers, standards that improve efficiency by 5 % appear to be the highest levels that have a positive net present value of consumer benefit.

249

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Clothes Washers and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Clothes Washers and New Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Clothes Washers and Dishwashers to Save Consumers Billions on Energy Bills New Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Clothes Washers and Dishwashers to Save Consumers Billions on Energy Bills May 16, 2012 - 1:08pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - As part of the Obama Administration's focus on taking sensible steps to save families money while also reducing energy consumption, the Department of Energy today announced common-sense energy efficiency standards for residential clothes washers and dishwashers that will save consumers $20 billion in energy and water costs. The new standards for both clothes washers and dishwashers were informed by important feedback from manufacturers, consumer groups and environmental

250

China Refrigerator Information Label: Specification Development and Potential Impact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Household Refrigerator Market and Energy Conservation Regulations in Japan.Household Refrigerator Market and Energy Conservation Regulations in Japan

Fridley, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Application of Best Industry Practices to the Design of Commercial Refrigerators  

SciTech Connect

The substantial efficiency improvements which have been realized in residential refrigerators over the last twenty years due to implementation of the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act and changing consumer reactions to energy savings give an indication of the potential for improvement in the commercial sector, where few such efficiency improvements have been made to date. The purchase decision for commercial refrigerators is still focused primarily on first cost and product performance issues such as maximizing storage capacity, quick pulldown, durability, and reliability. The project applied techniques used extensively to reduce energy use in residential refrigeration to a commercial reach-in refrigerator. The results will also be applicable to other commercial refrigeration equipment, such as refrigerated vending machines, reach-in freezers, beverage merchandisers, etc. The project described in this paper was a collaboration involving the Appliance and Building Technology Sector of TIAX, the Delfield Company, and the U. S. Department of Energy's Office of Building Technologies. Funding was provided by DOE through Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-00NT41000. The program plan and schedule were structured to assure successful integration of the TIAX work on development of efficient design concepts into Delfield's simultaneous development of the Vantage product line. The energy-saving design options evaluated as part of the development included brushless DC and PSC fan motors, high-efficiency compressors, variable-speed compressor technology, cabinet thermal improvement (particularly in the face frame area), increased insulation thickness, a trap for the condensate line, improved insulation, reduced-wattage antisweat heaters, non-electric antisweat heating, off-cycle defrost termination, rifled heat exchanger tubing, and system optimization (selection of heat exchangers, fans, and subcooling, superheat, and suction temperatures for efficient operation). The project started with a thorough evaluation of the baseline Delfield Model 6051 two-door reach-in refrigerator. Performance testing was done to establish a performance baseline which, to meet end-users requirements, would have to be met or exceeded by the high-efficiency refrigerator design. Energy testing was done to establish the baseline energy use. Diagnostic testing such as reverse heat leak testing and insulation conductivity testing was done to evaluate factors contributing to the cabinet load and energy use. Modeling was done to assess the energy savings potential of the energy saving design options. Discussion with vendors and cost modeling was done to assess the manufacturing cost impact of the options. Based on this work, the following group of design options was selected for incorporation in the final refrigerator design: (1) Brushless DC evaporator fans; (2) Improved face frame design; (3) Reduced antisweat heater wattage; (4) Condensate line trap; and (5) Optimized refrigeration system. There was no net cost premium associated with these design changes, leading to a high-efficiency design requiring no payback of any initial additional investment. Delfield incorporated these design options in the Vantage line design and built a first prototype, which was tested at TIAX. Additional design changes were implemented in the transition to manufacturing, based in part on results of initial prototype testing, and a pilot production unit was sent to TIAX for final testing. The energy use of the pilot production unit was 68% less than that of the baseline refrigerator when tested according to the ASHRAE 117 Energy Test Standard. The energy test results for the baseline refrigerator and the two new-design units is shown in Figure ES-1 below. The resulting energy consumption is well below Energy Star and proposed Canadian and California standards levels. Delfield has successfully transitioned the design to production and is manufacturing all configurations of the energy efficient reach-ins at a rate greater than 7,000 per year, with production quantities projec

None

2002-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

252

2014-01-31 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1-31 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-01-31 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers; Notice of Proposed...

253

Thermoelectric refrigerator having improved temperature stabilization means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A control system for thermoelectric refrigerators is disclosed. The thermoelectric refrigerator includes at least one thermoelectric element that undergoes a first order change at a predetermined critical temperature. The element functions as a thermoelectric refrigerator element above the critical temperature, but discontinuously ceases to function as a thermoelectric refrigerator element below the critical temperature. One example of such an arrangement includes thermoelectric refrigerator elements which are superconductors. The transition temperature of one of the superconductor elements is selected as the temperature control point of the refrigerator. When the refrigerator attempts to cool below the point, the metals become superconductors losing their ability to perform as a thermoelectric refrigerator. An extremely accurate, first-order control is realized.

Falco, Charles M. (Woodridge, IL)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

International Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered International Refrigeration Products to pay an $8,000 civil penalty after finding International Refrigeration had failed to certify that certain room air conditioners comply with the applicable energy conservation standard.

255

Bern clothes washer study. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The US market for domestic clothes washers is currently dominated by conventional, vertical axis washers, which typically require about 40 gallons of water for each load. Although small for an individual load, the fact that 35 billion loads of laundry are washed annually in the US results in a substantial quantity of water and energy use. Although much smaller, today`s market for high-efficiency clothes washers which use much less water and energy is growing albeit slowly as manufacturers are making washers based around tumble-action, horizontal axis designs available, information about their performance and benefits is being developed, and consumers are made aware of these benefits. To help build awareness of these benefits and to accelerate markets for high-efficiency washers, DOE, under its Energy Star Program and in cooperation with Maytag Appliances, conducted a field-evaluation of high-efficiency washers using Bern, Kansas (population approximately 200) as a test bed. Baseline washer performance data as well as customer washing behavior were obtained from data collected on the existing washers of more than 100 participants in this instrumented study. Following a 2-month initial study period, all conventional washers were replaced by high-efficiency, tumble action washers, and the experiment continued for another 3-month period. Based on measured data from over 20,000 loads of laundry, the impact of the washer replacement on (1) individual customers` energy and water consumption, (2) customers` laundry habits and perceptions, and (3) the community`s water supply and waste water systems were determined and reported.

Tomlinson, J.J.; Rizy, D.T.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Synthesis of Cascade Refrigeration and Liquefaction Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthesis of Cascade Refrigeration and Liquefaction Systems ... Current Status and Perspectives of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Plant Design ...

Francisco J. Barnés; C. Judson King

1974-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Interactive Synthesis of Cascade Refrigeration Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interactive Synthesis of Cascade Refrigeration Systems ... Current Status and Perspectives of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Plant Design ...

Wai Biu Cheng; Richard S. H. Mah

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Wheel-type magnetic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to a wheel-type magnetic refrigerator capable of cooling over a large temperature range. Ferromagnetic or paramagnetic porous materials are layered circumferentially according to their Curie temperature. The innermost layer has the lowest Curie temperature and the outermost layer has the highest Curie temperature. The wheel is rotated through a magnetic field perpendicular to the axis of the wheel and parallel to its direction of rotation. A fluid is pumped through portions of the layers using inner and outer manifolds to achieve refrigeration of a thermal load. 7 figs.

Barclay, J.A.

1983-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

259

Covered Product Category: Residential Refrigerators  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including residential refrigerators, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

260

Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner and Equator Clothes Washer Fail DOE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner and Equator Clothes Washer Fail Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner and Equator Clothes Washer Fail DOE Energy Star Testing Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner and Equator Clothes Washer Fail DOE Energy Star Testing October 6, 2010 - 10:08am Addthis DOE testing in support of the ENERGY STAR program has revealed that an Electrolux Gibson air conditioner (model GAH105Q2T1) and an Equator clothes washer (model EZ 3720 CEE), both of which claimed ENERGY STAR ratings, do not meet the ENERGY STAR requirements. Specifically, the test results for the Electrolux Gibson model show that, when tested in accordance with DOE's test procedures, it consumed 6.1 percent more energy than the Energy Star requirement. Test results for the Equator model show that it exceeds Energy Star's water factor requirements by 12.3 percent.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Carbon Cloth Reinforced Carbon Aerogel Films Derived from Resorcinol Formaldehyde  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon cloth reinforced RF (Resorcinol Formaldehyde) aerogel films have been produced with extremely high RC ratio (molar ratio of resorcinol to catalyst) or with no catalyst at all. The gels were subcriticall...

J. Wang; M. Glora; R. Petricevic; R. Saliger; H. Proebstle…

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner and Equator Clothes Washer Fail DOE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner and Equator Clothes Washer Fail Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner and Equator Clothes Washer Fail DOE Energy Star Testing Electrolux Gibson Air Conditioner and Equator Clothes Washer Fail DOE Energy Star Testing October 6, 2010 - 10:08am Addthis DOE testing in support of the ENERGY STAR program has revealed that an Electrolux Gibson air conditioner (model GAH105Q2T1) and an Equator clothes washer (model EZ 3720 CEE), both of which claimed ENERGY STAR ratings, do not meet the ENERGY STAR requirements. Specifically, the test results for the Electrolux Gibson model show that, when tested in accordance with DOE's test procedures, it consumed 6.1 percent more energy than the Energy Star requirement. Test results for the Equator model show that it exceeds Energy Star's water factor requirements by 12.3 percent.

263

Four-County EMC - Residential Energy Efficiency Appliance Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Four-County EMC - Residential Energy Efficiency Appliance Rebate Four-County EMC - Residential Energy Efficiency Appliance Rebate Program Four-County EMC - Residential Energy Efficiency Appliance Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Clothes Washer: $50 Dishwasher: $50 Refrigerator: $50 Freezer: $50 Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $50 Provider Four County EMC Four-County EMC offers its customers $50 rebates for purchasing certain Energy Star appliances. Eligible appliances include refrigerators, dishwashers, clothes washers and freezers. The rebates are available to residential customers who are replacing older appliances or buying new appliances for the first time. In order to qualify for the rebate, Energy

264

Cowlitz County PUD - Residential Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cowlitz County PUD - Residential Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Cowlitz County PUD - Residential Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program Cowlitz County PUD - Residential Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator/Freezer: $25 Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $30 Clothes Washer: $30 - $70 Water Heater: $25 - $70 Provider Cowlitz County Public Utility District Cowlitz County PUD offers the EnergySHARE Plus appliance rebate program to its residential customers. Rebates are offered for Energy Star clothes washers, refrigerators and freezers (including the proper recycling of old units), and energy efficient water heaters. Rebates range from $25 - $70.

265

Quantum-enhanced absorption refrigerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamics is a branch of science blessed by an unparalleled combination of generality of scope and formal simplicity. Based on few natural assumptions together with the four laws, it sets the boundaries between possible and impossible in macroscopic aggregates of matter. This triggered groundbreaking achievements in physics, chemistry and engineering over the last two centuries. Close analogues of those fundamental laws are now being established at the level of individual quantum systems, thus placing limits on the operation of quantum-mechanical devices. Here we study quantum absorption refrigerators, which are driven by heat rather than external work. We establish thermodynamic performance bounds for these machines and investigate their quantum origin. We also show how those bounds may be pushed beyond what is classically achievable, by suitably tailoring the environmental fluctuations via quantum reservoir engineering techniques. Such superefficient quantum-enhanced cooling realises a promising step towards the technological exploitation of autonomous quantum refrigerators.

Luis A. Correa; José P. Palao; Daniel Alonso; Gerardo Adesso

2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

266

HFC supermarket refrigeration demonstration. Phases 1 and 2  

SciTech Connect

The HFC Supermarket Refrigeration Demonstration tested and evaluated HFC refrigerants in a new Shop `n Save supermarket in Glens Falls, New York. This project included laboratory testing of HFC refrigerants for medium- and low-temperature application, the design of a supermarket refrigeration system to accommodate the new refrigerants, installation, start-up, and field monitoring.

Borhanian, H.; Rafuse, L.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Suction muffler for refrigeration compressor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hermetic refrigeration compressor includes a suction muffler formed from two pieces of plastic material mounted on the cylinder housing. One piece is cylindrical in shape with an end wall having an aperture for receiving a suction tube connected to the cylinder head. The other piece fits over and covers the other end of the cylindrical piece, and includes a flaring entrance horn which extends toward the return line on the sidewall of the compressor shell. 5 figs.

Nelson, R.T.; Middleton, M.G.

1983-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

268

Solar sorption refrigeration in Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Solar sorption refrigeration technologies are regarded as a promising way to meet the growing refrigeration needs in Africa, for thermal comfort, foods and crops, vaccines and medicines conservation. Sorption technologies projects and studies have been reported in Africa since the late 1970s. This paper describes the most representative reported research activities and projects in various African climatic conditions. An emphasis is put on demonstrative plants involving absorption, adsorption or desiccant cooling applications. From this overview, it appears that a lot of achievements have been made, though applications are mainly focused on small-size cold boxes for foods and vaccines preservation; no direct building air conditioning based on adsorption or absorption has been reported. Mediterranean countries seems to offer the best weather conditions for solar sorption refrigeration applications and plenty of related activities could be identified in these countries. A more adequate design for each of other climatic zones in Africa may then be relevant. As anywhere, the high cost of these technologies remains the main the biggest brake to their diffusion in Africa.

Kokouvi Edem N’Tsoukpoe; Daniel Yamegueu; Justin Bassole

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

The interaction between clothing and air weapon pellets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Comparatively few studies have been carried out on air weapon injuries yet there are significant number of injuries and fatalities caused by these low power weapons because of their availability and the public perception that because they need no licence they are assumed to be safe. In this study ballistic gel was tested by Bloom and rupture tests to check on consistency of production. Two series of tests were carried out firing into unclothed gel blocks and blocks loosely covered by different items of clothing to simulate attire (tee shirt, jeans, fleece, and jacket). The damage to the clothing caused by different shaped pellets when fired at different ranges was examined. The apparent hole size was affected by the shape of pellet (round, pointed, flat and hollow point) and whether damage was predominantly caused by pushing yarn to one side or by laceration of the yarn through cutting or tearing. The study also compared penetration into clothed gel and unclothed gel under identical conditions, and loose clothing greatly reduced penetration. With loose clothing at 9.1 m range clothing reduced penetration to 50–70% of the penetration of unclothed gel but at 18.3 m range only 7 out of 36 shots penetrated the gel. This cannot be accounted for by the energy loss at the longer range (3–7% reduction from 9.1 m to 18.3 m range in unclothed gels) and it is suggested that impulse may have a role to play. Shots that did not penetrate the gel were used to estimate the possible stopping time for the pellet (around 75 ?s) and force (1700 N) or stress (100 MPa) required to bring the pellet to a halt. Even with these low energy projectiles, cloth fibres were entrained in the gel showing the potential for penetration of the body and subsequent infection.

G. Wightman; K. Wark; J. Thomson

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Solid-Vapor Sorption Refrigeration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adsorbents in heat pump cycles: 1. A high usable refrigerant mass per unit mass of adsorbent. 2. A high energy of adsorption and desorption. 3. Heat flows and composition changes occur at constant temperature. The advantages of complex compounds... 2. Useable refrigerant densities. Summarizing, complex compound exhibit inherent characteristics which make them ideal adsorbents in heat pump cycles: 1. A high usable refrigerant mass per unit mass of adsorbent. 2. A high energy of adsorption...

Graebel, W.; Rockenfeller, U.; Kirol, L.

271

Analysis of Minimum Efficiency Standards and Rebate Incentive Programs for Domestic Refrigerators in the Pacific Northwest, Executive Summary.  

SciTech Connect

Refrigerator-freezers (R/Fs) and freezers (FRs) account for 16% of the electricity consumed in the residential sector of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) forecast region (Oregon, Washington, Idaho and Western Montana). After space and water heating, R/Fs are the largest residential electrical end-use. The Northwest Power Planning Council (NPPC) and BPA recognize the savings potential from efficient R/Fs and FRs as well as the barriers to their use. In the 1983 regional power plan, the Council directed BPA to develop and implement incentive and promotion programs for efficient appliances. The NPPC also called for the evaluation of minimum efficiency standards for appliances sold in the region. In response to this directive, the Office of Conservation in BPA funded an evaluation of both rebate incentive programs and minimum efficiency standards for R/Fs and FRs. The results are presented in this report. The energy savings potential and economic feasibility of rebate programs and efficiency standards are the primary issues considered.

Geller, Howard S.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

List of Refrigerators Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Refrigerators Incentives Refrigerators Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 657 Refrigerators Incentives. CSV (rows 1-500) CSV (rows 501-657) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP Ohio - Commercial Custom Project Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Boilers Central Air conditioners Chillers Custom/Others pending approval Furnaces Heat pumps Heat recovery Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Processing and Manufacturing Equipment Refrigerators Yes AEP Ohio - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Commercial Fed. Government Industrial

273

Natural Refrigerant (R-729) Heat Pump  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Manufactured in the U.S. 2 Problem Statement * Current commercial and industrial heat pumps - Poor coefficient of performance (COP) at low temperatures * HFC refrigerant...

274

Design of Industrial Process Refrigeration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DESIGN OF INDUSTRIAL PROCESS REfRIGERATION SYSTEMS W.O. WITHERELL AOVENTg Technolog1st Un10n Carb1de Corporat1on South Charleston, West V1rg~n1a ABSTRACT ~hen considering electric driven refrigeration compressors, proper integration... to several canple~ processes that ut iii ze refr igerat ion systems. In IOClSt cases the design of a cOOlllex refrigeration system in isolation (i.e., without considering process integration) generallv results in non-ptilTUll refrigeration levels...

Witherell, W. D.

275

Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

vending machines are equipped with controls or software that put the lighting andor refrigeration systems into a low power state at night, on weekends, or other periods of...

276

IIR Workshop on Refrigerant Charge Reduction in Refrigerating Systems Corresponding author: P. Leblay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3rd IIR Workshop on Refrigerant Charge Reduction in Refrigerating Systems Corresponding author: P on the refrigerant side and louver fins on the air side. The flat tubes are grouped within a header, to use the heat exchangers with round tubes, such as charge reduction and higher heat transfer efficiency. But a reduced

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

277

AHAM Letter Acknowledging DOE Letter on Verification Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a response to the letter dated April 26, 2013, in which DOE adopted a new policy regarding DOE ENERGY STAR verification testing of models that are part of the AHAM verification program for clothes washers, dishwashers, and residential refrigerator/freezers.

278

Information on the Department of Energy's analyses to determine the need for appliance efficiency standards  

SciTech Connect

A historical overview of three separate Department of Energy analyses performed to determine the need for appliance efficiency standards is presented. An identification of the assumptions used in each of the analyses and the conclusions reached in each analysis are covered. Standards for furnaces, water heaters, central air conditioners, refrigerators, ranges/ovens, clothes dryers, freezers, and room air conditioners are considered. (MCW)

Not Available

1981-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

279

Requirements for Determining Refrigerant Charge Residential Air Conditioning Measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Requirements for Determining Refrigerant Charge Residential Air Conditioning Measures Improved Refrigerant Charge Purpose Component packages require in some climate zones that split system air refrigerant charge. For the performance method, the proposed design is modeled with less efficiency

280

Layer of protection analysis applied to ammonia refrigeration systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ammonia refrigeration systems are widely used in industry. Demand of these systems is expected to increase due to the advantages of ammonia as refrigerant and because ammonia is considered a green refrigerant. Therefore, it is important to evaluate...

Zuniga, Gerald Alexander

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data. Listings for refrigerators and freezers as of May 1,not only do some refrigerator- freezers offer thru-the-door-In the case of refrigerator-freezer labels, for example, the

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Certified Refrigerators and Freezers. Business Newst(59) R 2 =.76 Refrigerators Top mounted freezer-AutodefrostRefrigerator consumption is given by adjusted volume/annual consumption, where adjusted volume, is defined as fresh food volume+1.63×freezer

Dale, Larry

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data. Listings for refrigerators and freezers as of May 1,not only do some refrigerator- freezers offer thru-the-door-In the case of refrigerator-freezer labels, for example, the

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Residential Behavioral Savings: An Analysis of Principal Electricity End Uses in British Columbia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study found that refrigerator and freezer temperaturekWh per year), and refrigerator and freezer (1,120 kWh perrefrigeration (refrigerators and freezers) included in the

Tiedemann, Kenneth Mr.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Business Case for Energy Efficiency in Support of Climate Change Mitigation, Economic and Societal Benefits in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Historical Shipment' Compact RefrigeratorRefrigerator?Freezer Refrigerator?Freezer and Freezers NOPR National Impact Analysis Spreadsheet, USDOE (2010g)  Price Source Location By Category* Shipments Table 8.4.x Lifetime 'Historical 

Bojda, Nicholas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Improvement of the Performance for an Absorption Refrigeration System with Lithium bromide-water as Refrigerant by Increasing Absorption Pressure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Because the absorption refrigeration system uses the Lithium bromide- water solution as refrigerant, it is profitable for the environment that human beings are living since the values of ODP and GWP of the refrigerant almost are zero. However...

Xie, G.; Sheng, G.; Li, G.; Pan, S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines to someone by E-mail Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on AddThis.com...

288

DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations April 12, 2010 - 7:27pm...

289

Corrosion aspects in indirect systems with secondary refrigerants.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Aqueous solutions of organic or inorganic salts are used as secondary refrigerants in indirect refrigeration systems to transport and transfer heat. Water is known… (more)

Ignatowicz, Monika

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Center. Life Cycle Climate Performance of supermarket refrigeration.
Credit: Oak Ridge National Lab Life Cycle Climate Performance of supermarket refrigeration....

291

Transportation Refrigeration Unit (TRU) Retrofit with HUSS Active...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Transportation Refrigeration Unit (TRU) Retrofit with HUSS Active Diesel Particulate Filters Transportation Refrigeration Unit (TRU) Retrofit with HUSS Active Diesel Particulate...

292

DOE Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star Requirements DOE Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star Requirements March 16, 2010 - 4:28pm...

293

2014-04-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Refrigeration...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment; Final Rule 2014-04-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment; Final Rule This document...

294

Chapter 7, Refrigerator Recycling Evaluation Protocol: The Uniform...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

of refrigerators recycled through the program EXISTINGUEC The average annual unit energy consumption of participating refrigerators PARTUSE The portion of the year the...

295

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013 Peer Review Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013 Peer Review...

296

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013 Peer Review Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013 Peer Review Emerging Technologies...

297

ENERGY STAR Qualified Commercial Clothes Washers | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial Clothes Washers Commercial Clothes Washers Consumer Data Apps Challenges Resources About Blogs Let's Talk Feedback Consumer You are here Data.gov » Communities » Consumer » Data ENERGY STAR Qualified Commercial Clothes Washers Dataset Summary Description Tags Dataset Ratings Overall 0 No votes yet Data Utility 0 No votes yet Usefulness 0 No votes yet Ease of Access 0 No votes yet Dataset Additional Information Resource Type Metadata Date Responsible Party Contact Email State Access Constraints Bbox East Long Bbox North Lat Bbox South Lat Bbox West Long Coupled Resource Reference Date(s) Frequency Of Update Guid Licence Metadata Language Provider Spatial Spatial Data Service Type Spatial Reference System Temporal Coverage From Temporal Coverage To Download Information XML Used by automated programs capable of handling raw XML files.

298

Closed cycle liquid helium refrigerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed closed cycle liquid helium refrigerators using a Joule Thomson circuit precooled by commercially available two staged Gifford Mac Mahon cryocoolers. The Joule Thomson counterflow heat exchangers are modular and have been thermo-hydraulically characterized. Fully automatic cool down and operation are achieved by two pneumatically driven by pass and expansion valves. Several apparatus have been built or are under assembly with cooling power ranging from 100 mW up to 5 Watt, for temperature ranging from 2.8 K up to 4.5 K. A trouble free operation with several warm up and cool down cycles has been proven over 7000 hours.

G. Claudet; R. Lagnier; A. Ravex

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Seven-effect absorption refrigeration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A seven-effect absorption refrigeration cycle is disclosed utilizing three absorption circuits. In addition, a heat exchanger is used for heating the generator of the low absorption circuit with heat rejected from the condenser and absorber of the medium absorption circuit. A heat exchanger is also provided for heating the generator of the medium absorption circuit with heat rejected from the condenser and absorber of the high absorption circuit. If desired, another heat exchanger can also be provided for heating the evaporator of the high absorption circuit with rejected heat from either the condenser or absorber of the low absorption circuit. 1 fig.

DeVault, R.C.; Biermann, W.J.

1989-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

300

Seven-effect absorption refrigeration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A seven-effect absorption refrigeration cycle is disclosed utilizing three absorption circuits. In addition, a heat exchanger is used for heating the generator of the low absorption circuit with heat rejected from the condenser and absorber of the medium absorption circuit. A heat exchanger is also provided for heating the generator of the medium absorption circuit with heat rejected from the condenser and absorber of the high absorption circuit. If desired, another heat exchanger can also be provided for heating the evaporator of the high absorption circuit with rejected heat from either the condenser or absorber of the low absorption circuit.

DeVault, Robert C. (Knoxville, TN); Biermann, Wendell J. (Fayetteville, NY)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Energy efficiency in the European union  

SciTech Connect

Encouraged by the European Union labeling scheme for energy-efficient appliances, manufacturers in Europe are bring out lines of more efficient products that showcase new technologies. This article provides an overview both to the history of energy efficient appliances in the EU and highlights of the Domotechnica 1997 marketing show, including details of major energy efficiency improvements in refrigerators, clothes washers, clothes dryers, freezers, and dishwashers. 2 figs.

Lebot, B.; Waide, P.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Modeling supermarket refrigeration energy use and demand  

SciTech Connect

A computer model has been developed that can predict the performance of supermarket refrigeration equipment to within 3% of field test measurements. The Supermarket Refrigeration Energy Use and Demand Model has been used to simulate currently available refrigerants R-12, R-502 and R-22, and is being further developed to address alternative refrigerants. This paper reports that the model is expected to be important in the design, selection and operation of cost-effective, high-efficiency refrigeration systems. It can profile the operation and performance of different types of compressors, condensors, refrigerants and display cases. It can also simulate the effects of store humidity and temperature on display cases; the efficiency of various floating head pressure setpoints, defrost alternatives and subcooling methods; the efficiency and amount of heat reclaim from refrigeration systems; and the influence of other variables such as store lighting and building design. It can also be used to evaluate operational strategies such as variable-speed drive or cylinder unloading for capacity control. Development of the model began in 1986 as part of a major effort, sponsored by the U.S. electric utility industry, to evaluate energy performance of then conventional single compressor and state-of-the-art multiplex refrigeration systems, and to characterize the contribution of a variety of technology enhancement features on system energy use and demand.

Blatt, M.H.; Khattar, M.K. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (US)); Walker, D.H. (Foster Miller Inc., Waltham, MA (US))

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Dynamic simulation of a reverse Brayton refrigerator  

SciTech Connect

A test refrigerator based on the modified Reverse Brayton cycle has been developed in the Chinese Academy of Sciences recently. To study the behaviors of this test refrigerator, a dynamic simulation has been carried out. The numerical model comprises the typical components of the test refrigerator: compressor, valves, heat exchangers, expander and heater. This simulator is based on the oriented-object approach and each component is represented by a set of differential and algebraic equations. The control system of the test refrigerator is also simulated, which can be used to optimize the control strategies. This paper describes all the models and shows the simulation results. Comparisons between simulation results and experimental data are also presented. Experimental validation on the test refrigerator gives satisfactory results.

Peng, N.; Xiong, L. Y.; Dong, B.; Liu, L. Q. [State Key Laboratory of Technologies in Space Cryogenic Propellants, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, CAS, Beijing, 100190 (China); Lei, L. L.; Tang, J. C. [State Key Laboratory of Technologies in Space Cryogenic Propellants, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, CAS, Beijing, 100190 China and Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190 (China)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

304

Oil cooled, hermetic refrigerant compressor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hermetic refrigerant compressor having an electric motor and compressor assembly in a hermetic shell is cooled by oil which is first cooled in an external cooler 18 and is then delivered through the shell to the top of the motor rotor 24 where most of it is flung radially outwardly within the confined space provided by the cap 50 which channels the flow of most of the oil around the top of the stator 26 and then out to a multiplicity of holes 52 to flow down to the sump and provide further cooling of the motor and compressor. Part of the oil descends internally of the motor to the annular chamber 58 to provide oil cooling of the lower part of the motor, with this oil exiting through vent hole 62 also to the sump. Suction gas with entrained oil and liquid refrigerant therein is delivered to an oil separator 68 from which the suction gas passes by a confined path in pipe 66 to the suction plenum 64 and the separated oil drops from the separator to the sump. By providing the oil cooling of the parts, the suction gas is not used for cooling purposes and accordingly increase in superheat is substantially avoided in the passage of the suction gas through the shell to the suction plenum 64.

English, William A. (Murrysville, PA); Young, Robert R. (Murrysville, PA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Oil cooled, hermetic refrigerant compressor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hermetic refrigerant compressor having an electric motor and compressor assembly in a hermetic shell is cooled by oil which is first cooled in an external cooler and is then delivered through the shell to the top of the motor rotor where most of it is flung radially outwardly within the confined space provided by the cap which channels the flow of most of the oil around the top of the stator and then out to a multiplicity of holes to flow down to the sump and provide further cooling of the motor and compressor. Part of the oil descends internally of the motor to the annular chamber to provide oil cooling of the lower part of the motor, with this oil exiting through vent hole also to the sump. Suction gas with entrained oil and liquid refrigerant therein is delivered to an oil separator from which the suction gas passes by a confined path in pipe to the suction plenum and the separated oil drops from the separator to the sump. By providing the oil cooling of the parts, the suction gas is not used for cooling purposes and accordingly increase in superheat is substantially avoided in the passage of the suction gas through the shell to the suction plenum. 3 figs.

English, W.A.; Young, R.R.

1985-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

306

2014-11-24 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

1-24 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers; Final Rule 2014-11-24 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers; Final Rule This document is a...

307

GE to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

GE urges the department engage in rulmaking to amend the clothes washer test procedure to reflect efficiency standards of large-capacity residential clothes washer machines. GE also urges the DOE...

308

Resolution independent curved seams in clothing animation using a regular particle grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a method for representing seams in clothing animation, and its application in simulation level of detail. Specifically we consider cloth represented as a regular grid of particles connected by spring-dampers, and a seam specified by a...

Foshee, Jacob Wesley

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Commercial  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers to someone by E-mail Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers on AddThis.com...

310

EA-1138: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of No Significant Impact Proposed Energy-Conservation Standards for Refrigerators, Refrigerator - Freezers, and Freezers Finding of No Significant Impact for amended energy...

311

Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

summary, we discussed AHAM's written comments on DOE's Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on Test Procedures for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers, Docket No....

312

Fridges to fight childhood disease  

SciTech Connect

A solar-powered refrigerator/freezer has been installed in a medical center in Bhoorbaral, India. The installation and performance of the refrigerator/freezer are described.

Lerner, T.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

OCCUPATIONAL & ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY SERVICES C:\\Documents and Settings\\sysdev\\Local Settings\\Temporary Internet Files\\OLK412\\Lab Equipment Release -New Format.doc  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, autoclaves, centrifuges, refrigerators, freezers, incubators, BioSafety cabinets, and analytical equipment, refrigerators, freezers, incubators, etc. #12;OCCUPATIONAL & ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY SERVICES C

Krovi, Venkat

314

Energy Data Sourcebook for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The historical factors for refrigerators and freezers arehistorical factors are used are gas heating, room and central air- conditioning, electric and gas water-heating, refrigerators, freezers,

Wenzel, T.P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Skill Mastery Accomplished with Resources for Teaching Clothing & Textiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or fewer). Clothing Construction Smart Kit Inventory: · ***5 Beginning Sewing Kits · Storage tub · 2 irons · Fashion Forward · Refine Design · Helper's Guide · Let's Sew by Nancy Zieman Optional Inventory Items: · Fray check · Knit Repair Tool · Fuzz remover · Craft scissors (for paper) · Light machine oil

316

Interactive Animation of Cloth-like Objects in Virtual Reality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulation remains a major challenge, even if applications are numerous, from rapid prototyping to e-based model with rapid collision detection and response, as well as wind or liquid drag effects to enhance animation of non-trivial objects, with complex behavior like cloth flapping, remains a challenge in computer

Desbrun, Mathieu

317

Mapping and dimensionality of a cloth-based sound instrument  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a stretched elastic cloth with an integrated sensor array called the "Blanket". Keywords-- pliable interface model of textile motion has been created for musical control [3], however the user interface emer- gent play behaviour with pliable materials. This particular account documents the interactivation

Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

318

Process Systems Engineering Optimal Synthesis of Refrigeration Cycles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Process Systems Engineering Optimal Synthesis of Refrigeration Cycles and Selection of Refrigerants, University Park, PA 16802 The optimal synthesis of the refrigeration configuration and the selection of the best refrigerants that satisfy a set of process cooling duties at different temperatures is ad- dressed

Maranas, Costas

319

DOE Publishes Supplemental Proposed Determination for Miscellaneous Residential Refrigeration Products  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy has published a supplemental proposed determination regarding miscellaneous residential refrigeration products.

320

Proceedings: commercial refrigeration research workshop. Summary  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this workshop was to identify the state-of-the-art and determine research needs for improving energy use and demand in commercial refrigeration applications. Workshop attendees included research and development, technical operations and marketing people from manufacturers of supermarket refrigeration, space conditioning, and energy management systems equipment, and from supermarket chains and electric utilities. Presentations were given on best current practice and research needs from the perspective of each of these industry segments. Working groups identified ten important research, development and equipment demonstration projects to improve the efficiency of refrigerating equipment, heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) equipment, and other energy-using systems in supermarkets.

Blatt, M.H.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Refrigerant charge management in a heat pump water heater  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Heat pumps that heat or cool a space and that also heat water, refrigerant management systems for such heat pumps, methods of managing refrigerant charge, and methods for heating and cooling a space and heating water. Various embodiments deliver refrigerant gas to a heat exchanger that is not needed for transferring heat, drive liquid refrigerant out of that heat exchanger, isolate that heat exchanger against additional refrigerant flowing into it, and operate the heat pump while the heat exchanger is isolated. The heat exchanger can be isolated by closing an electronic expansion valve, actuating a refrigerant management valve, or both. Refrigerant charge can be controlled or adjusted by controlling how much liquid refrigerant is driven from the heat exchanger, by letting refrigerant back into the heat exchanger, or both. Heat pumps can be operated in different modes of operation, and segments of refrigerant conduit can be interconnected with various components.

Chen, Jie; Hampton, Justin W.

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

322

Gunnison County Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gunnison County Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Gunnison County Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Gunnison County Electric - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Dishwashers: $45/unit Clothes Washers: $60/unit Refrigerators: $60/unit Freezers: $60/unit Refrigerator Recycling: $40/unit Freezer Recycling: $40/unit Electric Water Heaters (30-gal capacity, 6-year warranty, mandated EF rating): $70/unit Super Efficient Water Heater: $120/unit (primary heating must be from geothermal heat pump) Water Heaters (lifetime warranty): Additional $25/unit

323

Springfield Utility Board - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Springfield Utility Board - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Springfield Utility Board - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Springfield Utility Board - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Appliances & Electronics Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Water Heating Program Info State Oregon Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerators/Freezers: $25 Electric Water Heaters: $25 Clothes Washers: $30 - $80 Recycle Refrigerator/Freezer: $25 Duct Sealing/Testing: $150 - $400 Heat Pump: $500 Ductless Heat Pump: $1,000 Insulation: 50% (100% for qualified low income customers) Provider Springfield Utility Board

324

Empire Electric Association - Residential Energy Efficiency Credit Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Residential State Government Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Water Heating Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount HVAC Equipment: $250 - $300; additional rebates available for higher efficiency levels Controlled Resistance Heating: $24 - $32/kW Terminal Unit Heat Pump: $170 Water Heater: $100; additional rebates available for warranties, timers, and controls Split System A/C: $300/unit Refrigerator/freezer: $90/unit Refrigerator/freezer Recycling: $40 Dishwasher: $60 Clothes Washer: $80 Provider Empire Electric Association, Inc. Empire Electric Association provides financial incentives to its residential consumers who upgrade to energy efficient appliances and HVAC

325

Tacoma Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tacoma Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Tacoma Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Tacoma Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Clothes Washers: $50 - $100 Refrigerator/Freezer: $50 Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $30 Heat Pump Testing: $150 - $1,250 Lighting (CFL): Discounts and instant rebates at participating local stores Lighting (Fixtures): Up to $20 off new light fixtures at participating local show rooms and distributors Provider

326

Consumers Power, Inc - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Consumers Power, Inc - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Consumers Power, Inc - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Consumers Power, Inc - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Appliances & Electronics Heating & Cooling Construction Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heating Heat Pumps Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Weatherization (Insulation): maximum 500 for both self-installed and contractor-installed materials Program Info Expiration Date 9/30/2013 State Oregon Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Clothes Washers: $60 Refrigerators/Freezers: $15 Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $15 Window Replacements: $6 per square foot

327

South River EMC - Energy Efficient Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

South River EMC - Energy Efficient Rebate Program South River EMC - Energy Efficient Rebate Program South River EMC - Energy Efficient Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Construction Design & Remodeling Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Clothes Washers: $25 Refrigerators: $25 Freezers: $25 Dishwashers: $25 Programmable Thermostats: $25 Heat Pumps: $200 Geothermal Heat Pumps: $300 Central A/C: $25 - $50 2nd Freezer/Refrigerator Recycling: $50 CFLs, Cold Cathode, LEDs: $1/bulb Lighting System: $0.30/watt saved Weatherization: $100 - $300

328

ComEd - Smart Ideas for Your Home Efficiency Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Smart Ideas for Your Home Efficiency Program Smart Ideas for Your Home Efficiency Program ComEd - Smart Ideas for Your Home Efficiency Program < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Sealing Your Home Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Commercial Weatherization Manufacturing Heating Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $50 In-store CFL Discounts: 12 bulbs and 6 fixtures Weatherization Incentives: 50% Program Info Funding Source Illinois Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EEPS) surcharge State Illinois Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Lighting In-store Discounts: varies Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $35 Energy Star Clothes Washer Rebate: $75

329

PhD student in Energy Technology, specifically in Commercial refrigeration systems with CO2 as refrigerant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the use of carbon dioxide as refrigerant in supermarket refrigeration systems. The work includes fieldPhD student in Energy Technology, specifically in Commercial refrigeration systems with CO2 a PhD student in Energy Technology, specifically Commercial refrigeration systems with CO2

Kazachkov, Ivan

330

Non-CFC vacuum alternatives for the energy-efficient insulation of household refrigerators: Design and use  

SciTech Connect

Energy efficiency, environmental issues, and market incentives all encourage government and industry to continue work on thin-profile vacuum insulations for domestic refrigerators and freezers (R/Fs). Vacuum insulations promise significant improvement in thermal savings over current insulations; the technical objective of one design is an R-value of better than 10 (hr-ft{sup 2}-F/Btu) in 0.1 in. thickness. If performance is improved by a factor of 10 over that of CFC-blown insulating foams, the new insulations (made without CFCs or other potentially troublesome fill gases) will change the design and improve the efficiency of refrigerators. Such changes will meet the conservation, regulatory, and market drivers now strong in developed countries and likely to increase in developing countries. Prototypes of various designs have been tested in the laboratory and in factories, and results to date confirm the good thermal performance of these thin-profile alternatives. The next step is to resolve issues of reliability and cost effectiveness. 34 refs., 4 figs.

Potter, T.F.; Benson, D.K.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Status of not-in-kind refrigeration technologies for household space conditioning, water heating and food refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a review of the next generation not-in-kind technologies to replace conventional vapor compression refrigeration technology for household applications. Such technologies are sought to provide energy savings or other environmental benefits for space conditioning, water heating and refrigeration for domestic use. These alternative technologies include: thermoacoustic refrigeration, thermoelectric refrigeration, thermotunneling, magnetic refrigeration, Stirling cycle refrigeration, pulse tube refrigeration, Malone cycle refrigeration, absorption refrigeration, adsorption refrigeration, and compressor driven metal hydride heat pumps. Furthermore, heat pump water heating and integrated heat pump systems are also discussed due to their significant energy saving potential for water heating and space conditioning in households. The paper provides a snapshot of the future R&D needs for each of the technologies along with the associated barriers. Both thermoelectric and magnetic technologies look relatively attractive due to recent developments in the materials and prototypes being manufactured.

Bansal, Pradeep [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Elastic Metal Alloy Refrigerants: Thermoelastic Cooling  

SciTech Connect

BEETIT Project: UMD is developing an energy-efficient cooling system that eliminates the need for synthetic refrigerants that harm the environment. More than 90% of the cooling and refrigeration systems in the U.S. today use vapor compression systems which rely on liquid to vapor phase transformation of synthetic refrigerants to absorb or release heat. Thermoelastic cooling systems, however, use a solid-state material—an elastic shape memory metal alloy—as a refrigerant and a solid to solid phase transformation to absorb or release heat. UMD is developing and testing shape memory alloys and a cooling device that alternately absorbs or creates heat in much the same way as a vapor compression system, but with significantly less energy and a smaller operational footprint.

None

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Intra-molecular refrigeration in enzymes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a simple mechanism for intra-molecular refrigeration, where parts of a molecule are actively cooled below the environmental temperature. We discuss the potential role and applications of such a mechanism in biology, in particular in enzymatic reactions.

Hans J. Briegel; Sandu Popescu

2009-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

334

Refrigeration system having standing wave compressor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compression-evaporation refrigeration system, wherein gaseous compression of the refrigerant is provided by a standing wave compressor. The standing wave compressor is modified so as to provide a separate subcooling system for the refrigerant, so that efficiency losses due to flashing are reduced. Subcooling occurs when heat exchange is provided between the refrigerant and a heat pumping surface, which is exposed to the standing acoustic wave within the standing wave compressor. A variable capacity and variable discharge pressure for the standing wave compressor is provided. A control circuit simultaneously varies the capacity and discharge pressure in response to changing operating conditions, thereby maintaining the minimum discharge pressure needed for condensation to occur at any time. Thus, the power consumption of the standing wave compressor is reduced and system efficiency is improved.

Lucas, Timothy S. (Glen Allen, VA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Air Conditioning Heating and Refrigeration Institute Comment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These comments are submitted by the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in response to the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) notice in the July 3, 2014 Federal Register...

336

Improving Industrial Refrigeration System Efficiency - Actual Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cycle cooling during winter operation, compressor intercooling, direct refrigeration vs. brine cooling, insulation of cold piping to reduce heat gain, multiple screw compressors for improved part load operation, evaporative condensers for reduced system...

White, T. L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Residential Refrigerator Recycling Ninth Year Retention Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Residential Refrigerator Recycling Ninth Year Retention Study Study ID Nos. 546B, 563 Prepared RECYCLING PROGRAMS Study ID Nos. 546B and 563 Prepared for Southern California Edison Rosemead, California

338

Energy Department Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers to Qualify for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers to Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers to Qualify for the ENERGY STAR® Label Energy Department Sets Tougher Standards for Clothes Washers to Qualify for the ENERGY STAR® Label December 19, 2005 - 4:49pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced tougher standards for clothes washers to qualify for the ENERGY STAR® label, which lets American families identify which clothes washers save the most energy and use the least water. The new standards take effect January 1, 2007, and will increase the efficiency of new clothes washers up to 37 percent. The more energy-efficient clothes washers will have the potential to save up to $70 million in energy bills and 8.9 billion gallons of water each year. "With these tougher ENERGY STAR® standards, families will be able to

339

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Working Fluids Low GWP Working Fluids Low GWP Refrigerants - CRADA Ed Vineyard Oak Ridge National Laboratory vineyardea@ornl.gov (865) 574-0576 3 April 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: - High GWP refrigerants increase CO 2 equivalent emissions for HVAC&R equipment - Low GWP alternatives may increase energy consumption, introduce safety risks, require significant modifications to equipment, and have higher costs

340

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Working Fluids Low GWP Working Fluids Low GWP Refrigerants - CRADA Ed Vineyard Oak Ridge National Laboratory vineyardea@ornl.gov (865) 574-0576 3 April 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: - High GWP refrigerants increase CO 2 equivalent emissions for HVAC&R equipment - Low GWP alternatives may increase energy consumption, introduce safety risks, require significant modifications to equipment, and have higher costs

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Combined cold compressor/ejector helium refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A refrigeration apparatus having an ejector operatively connected with a cold compressor to form a two-stage pumping system. This pumping system is used to lower the pressure, and thereby the temperature of a bath of boiling refrigerant (helium). The apparatus as thus arranged and operated has substantially improved operating efficiency when compared to other processes or arrangements for achieving a similar low pressure.

Brown, Donald P. (Southold, NY)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Uninterrupted power supply for autonomous small refrigerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to describe salient features of a small refrigerator powered by a field of photovoltaic panels backed up by a petrol-start, kerosene-run portable generator set. Such units find applications in medical shops, veterinary applications and storage of vaccines in primary health centers. The modular arrangement allows use of certain components as a part of an uninterrupted power supply system for such refrigerators. Some preliminary results on temperature distributions and performance data are also presented.

Thomachan A. Kattakayam; K. Srinivasan

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

ARI delegation to Japan on Alternative Refrigerants  

SciTech Connect

Researchers from ARI member companies spoke at the International Conference on Alternative Refrigerants in Tokyo and visited several Japanese organizations for the purpose of exchanging information on alternative refrigerants. The specific purpose of the meetings was to review the methods being utilized to screen alternatives to CFCs and HCFCs: materials compatibility screening methods, lubricant testing techniques, as well as flammability studies. A list of papers presented at the conference is included.

Not Available

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Combined cold compressor/ejector helium refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A refrigeration apparatus having an ejector operatively connected with a cold compressor to form a two-stage pumping system. This pumping system is used to lower the pressure, and thereby the temperature of a bath of boiling refrigerant (helium). The apparatus as thus arranged and operated has substantially improved operating efficiency when compared to other processes or arrangements for achieving a similar low pressure.

Brown, D.P.

1984-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

346

Residential Clothes Washers Test Procedure Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

19:12 Sep 20, 2010 19:12 Sep 20, 2010 Jkt 220001 PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 4717 Sfmt 4717 E:\FR\FM\21SEP2.SGM 21SEP2 srobinson on DSKHWCL6B1PROD with PROPOSALS2 Tuesday, September 21, 2010 Part II Department of Energy 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Test Procedure for Residential Clothes Washers; Proposed Rule VerDate Mar2010 19:12 Sep 20, 2010 Jkt 220001 PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 4701 Sfmt 4702 E:\FR\FM\21SEP2.SGM 21SEP2 srobinson on DSKHWCL6B1PROD with PROPOSALS2 57556 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 182 / Tuesday, September 21, 2010 / Proposed Rules DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 430 [Docket No. EERE-2010-BT-TP-0021] RIN 1904-AC08 Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Test Procedure for Residential Clothes Washers AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and

347

Low-GWP Refrigerants Research Project | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emerging Technologies » Low-GWP Refrigerants Research Project Emerging Technologies » Low-GWP Refrigerants Research Project Low-GWP Refrigerants Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research into low global warming potential (GWP) refrigerants. As concerns about climate change intensify, it is becoming increasingly clear that suitable low-GWP refrigerants will be needed for both new and existing residential and commercial heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVAC&R) equipment. Project Description This project seeks to develop alternative refrigerants for HVAC&R equipment. The overall environmental impacts of alternative refrigerants will be assessed using a life cycle climate performance model that accounts for direct emissions associated with refrigerant leaks and indirect

348

High Efficiency Low Emission Supermarket Refrigeration Research Project |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High Efficiency Low Emission Supermarket High Efficiency Low Emission Supermarket Refrigeration Research Project High Efficiency Low Emission Supermarket Refrigeration Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently conducting research into high efficiency, low emission supermarket refrigeration technologies. Project Description The project involves the development of a supermarket refrigeration system that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption when compared to existing systems. The challenge is to design a system that is capable of achieving low refrigerant leak rates while significantly reducing both the energy consumption and the refrigerant charge size. Project Partners Research is being undertaken between DOE and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Project Goals

349

Energy Efficiency Evaluation of Refrigeration Technologies in Combined Cooling, Heating and Power Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With development of absorption refrigeration technology, the cooling requirement can be met using various optional refrigeration technologies in a CCHP system, including compression refrigeration, steam double-effect absorption refrigeration, steam...

Zuo, Z.; Hu, W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

RADIATION SAFETY MANUAL (REVISED MARCH 2010) 103 USER RADIATION SURVEY REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on hand, is the isotope secured? e. Refrigerator and other storage area logs current? f. Refrigerators/freezers

351

COMBINING DIVERSE DATA SOURCES FOR CEDSS, AN AGENT-BASED MODEL OF DOMESTIC ENERGY DEMAND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the heating system, a cooker, refrigerator and washinghere are heating systems, cookers, cold appliances (heating systems, cookers, refrigerators, freezers, washing

Gotts, Nicholas Mark; Polhill, Gary; Craig, Tony; Galan-Diaz, Carlos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

DOE Solicits Views on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes Washer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solicits Views on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes Solicits Views on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers DOE Solicits Views on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers November 30, 2010 - 10:56am Addthis The Department of Energy has recently granted several requests for waivers establishing an alternative test procedure for certain large-capacity residential clothes washer models. We have now received follow-up questions about the proper application of these waivers. Since these questions affect multiple manufacturers and the public, we have decided the proper course is to invite interested parties to submit views on the proper application of these waivers to existing clothes washer models and units by Tuesday, December 7th. The Department's current test procedure for residential clothes washers

353

Refrigerator Standards Save Consumers $ Billions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Refrigerator Standards Save Consumers $ Billions Refrigerator Standards Save Consumers $ Billions Refrigerator Standards Save Consumers $ Billions March 5, 2013 - 10:35am Addthis Refrigerator Standards Refrigerator Standards Refrigerator technology has come a long way since Dr. John Gorrie (1803 - 1855), a forward-looking inventor, was granted U. S. Patent #8080 for mechanical refrigeration in 1851. In those days, ice was expensive, if it was even available: Blocks of natural ice were carved from frozen lakes and rivers and stored in special warehouses under layers of sawdust for insulation. By the 1890s, pollution and sewage dumping caused by population growth compromised sources of pure, natural ice, threatening the brewing, meat-packing, and dairy industries. As these and other industries sought better solutions, modern refrigeration technology started to evolve.

354

Optimal Design Refrigeration System for a Mucilage Glue Fiber Factory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a mucilage glue fiber factory, the design of the refrigeration system takes into account the characteristics of mucilage glue fiber production and fully uses the refrigeration compressor heat to economize energy and reduce the production cost...

Tan, C.; Liu, J.; Tang, F.; Liu, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

VEE-0079- In the Matter of Diversified Refrigeration, Inc.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Diversified Refrigeration, Inc. (DRI) requests a six-month exception from the 2001 energy appliance efficiency standards for built-in refrigerators that become effective July 1, 2001. As explained...

356

Fully portable, highly flexible dilution refrigerator systems for neutron scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

775 Fully portable, highly flexible dilution refrigerator systems for neutron scattering P. A systems developed specifically for neutron scattering environ- ments. The refrigerators are completely relatively recently however, the lowest temperatures available in almost all neutron scattering laboratories

Boyer, Edmond

357

Energy Savings from Floating Head Pressure in Ammonia Refrigeration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents case studies of two moderately sized ammonia refrigeration systems retrofitted for floating head pressure control. It also presents a parametric analysis to assist in selecting appropriate pressures in an ammonia refrigeration...

Barrer, P. J.; Jones, S. M.

358

Differences in Mexican-American and Anglo-American Women's Response to a Modified Clothing TAT.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

precise conclusions in the statistical sense, could be drawn. For the Mexican-American women studied, there was a direct relationship between cloth- ing awareness and social status scores (P. = 75-90 per- ' cent), occupational rating (no statistical....5 percent). Area of ma jnr socialization did not affect Mexican-American ~z-omen'( cognizance of clothing. Anglo-Americans were more likely to have Iliqher clothing awareness scores (P. = 95 percent) than werr the Mexico-born women. Although...

Bathke, Carol Sander

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

International Refrigeration Products International Refrigeration Products (room air conditioners) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2012-CE-1510 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: July 9, 2012 Number of alleged violations: 5475 (365 days, 15 models) Maximum possible assessment: $1,095,000 Proposed civil penalty: $109,500 The U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") Office of the General Counsel, Office of Enforcement, alleges that International Refrigeration Products ("IRP") has violated cettain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. § 6291 et seq. ("the Act"), and 10 C.P.R. § 429.12. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. IRP has manufactured 1 a variety of Sea Breeze brand room air conditioners, including basic models WA46YR, WA48YRX, WA410YRX, WA412YRX, WH418ZRX,

360

Of Refrigerators & Regulations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Of Refrigerators & Regulations Of Refrigerators & Regulations Of Refrigerators & Regulations February 8, 2011 - 9:29am Addthis Jesse Lee White House Director of Online Affairs Editor's Note: This entry has been cross-posted from The White House Blog. For those interested in the President's remarks to the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and his views on the shared responsibilities of government and business to the American people, our post earlier will give a suitable overview. For those interested in the details of the President's Executive Order on reviewing regulations and their impacts on the economy, Cass Sunstein's post this morning will also be of value. But the President also took a moment during his speech to put the debate over regulation in a different perspective, and to break through the false dichotomy so often

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Optimal performance of endoreversible quantum refrigerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The derivation of general performance benchmarks is important in the design of highly optimized heat engines and refrigerators. To obtain them, one may model phenomenologically the leading sources of irreversibility ending up with results which are model-independent, but limited in scope. Alternatively, one can take a simple physical system realizing a thermodynamic cycle and assess its optimal operation from a complete microscopic description. We follow this approach in order to derive the coefficient of performance at maximum cooling rate for \\textit{any} endoreversible quantum refrigerator. At striking variance with the \\textit{universality} of the optimal efficiency of heat engines, we find that the cooling performance at maximum power is crucially determined by the details of the specific system-bath interaction mechanism. A closed analytical benchmark is found for endoreversible refrigerators weakly coupled to unstructured bosonic heat baths: an ubiquitous case study in quantum thermodynamics.

Luis A. Correa; José P. Palao; Gerardo Adesso; Daniel Alonso

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

362

Order Code RL34294 Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

includes residential refrigerators, freezers, refrigerator-freezers, metal halide lamps, and commercial walk-in coolers and freezers. ! Repeal of Oil and Gas Tax Incentives. The enacted law includes repeal

Laughlin, Robert B.

363

The thermal insulation difference of clothing ensembles on the dry and perspiration manikins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are about a hundred manikin users around the world. Some of them use the manikin such as 'Walter' and 'Tore' to evaluate the comfort of clothing ensembles according to their thermal insulation and moisture resistance. A 'Walter' manikin is made of water and waterproof breathable fabric 'skin', which simulates the characteristics of human perspiration. So evaporation, condensation or sorption and desorption are always accompanied by heat transfer. A 'Tore' manikin only has dry heat exchange by conduction, radiation and convection from the manikin through clothing ensembles to environments. It is an ideal apparatus to measure the thermal insulation of the clothing ensemble and allows evaluation of thermal comfort. This paper compares thermal insulation measured with dry 'Tore' and sweating 'Walter' manikins. Clothing ensembles consisted of permeable and impermeable clothes. The results showed that the clothes covering the 'Walter' manikin absorbed the moisture evaporated from the manikin. When the moisture transferred through the permeable clothing ensembles, heat of condensation could be neglected. But it was observed that heavy condensation occurred if impermeable clothes were tested on the 'Walter' manikin. This resulted in a thermal insulation difference of clothing ensembles on the dry and perspiration manikins. The thermal insulation obtained from the 'Walter' manikin has to be modified when heavy condensation occurs. The modified equation is obtained in this study.

Zhou Xiaohong; Zheng Chunqin; Qiang Yingming; Ingvar Holmér; Chuansi Gao; Kalev Kuklane

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Versatile Indian sari: Clothing insulation with different drapes of typical sari ensembles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extension of the Clothing Insulation Database for Standardand air movement on that insulation. , s.l. : s.n. Havenith,Estimation of the thermal insulation and evaporative

Indraganti, Madhavi; Lee, Juyoun; Zhang, Hui; Arens, Edward

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Do Heat Pump Clothes Dryers Make Sense for the U.S. Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM).2008a. AHAM Data on Room Air Conditioners and ClothesDryers. Washington, DC. AHAM. 2008b. Trends in Energy

Meyers, Steve

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

E-Print Network 3.0 - african textile clothing Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ewsdetails.aspx?newsid9302311172010 9:47:48 AM Summary: -11 season Spot caprolactam prices temporarily stable Peru-Japan FTA likely to benefit textile & clothing... USA :...

367

Retrofitting Doors on Open Refrigerated Cases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retrofitting Doors on Open Retrofitting Doors on Open Refrigerated Cases William Goetzler Navigant Consulting, Inc. wgoetzler@navigant.com (781) 270-8351 April 4, 2013 BBA Refrigeration Project Team Images courtesy of REMIS AMERICA, LLC. 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Technology Overview Image from Investigation of Energy- Efficient Supermarket Display Cases. 2004, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Background and Motivation * Adding doors to open cases (retrofits) greatly reduces cold air loss - 50-80% load reduction - Load reduction = system energy savings

368

Development of a prototype optical refrigerator  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a one-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The authors have carried out a range of tasks directed toward the construction and testing of a proof-of-principle optical refrigerator prototype. They procured and tested new cooling elements that are at the heart of an optical refrigerator. The cooling element absorbs pump radiation and then fluoresces with nearly unity quantum efficiency. They constructed and tested a cooling chamber with low thermal emissivity walls that reduces the parasitic heating.

Epstein, R.I.; Edwards, B.C.; Sigel, G.H.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Phase boundary detection for dilution refrigerators  

SciTech Connect

We describe a device to conveniently measure the positions of the phase boundaries in a dilution refrigerator. We show how a simple modification of a standard capacitive level gauge (segmentation of one of the electrodes) permits a direct calibration of the capacitance versus phase boundary position. We compare this direct calibration with the indirect procedure that must be adopted for a conventional capacitive level gauge. The device facilitates the correct adjustment of the {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He fraction in the dilution refrigerator.

Haar, E. ter; Martin, R.V. [DFMT, Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, C.P. 66.318, 05315-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Helium refrigeration considerations for cryomodule design  

SciTech Connect

Many of the present day accelerators are based on superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities, packaged in cryo-modules (CM), which depend on helium refrigeration at sub-atmospheric pressures, nominally 2 K. These specialized helium refrigeration systems are quite cost intensive to produce and operate. Particularly as there is typically no work extraction below the 4.5-K supply, it is important that the exergy loss between this temperature level and the CM load temperature(s) be minimized by the process configuration choices. This paper will present, compare and discuss several possible helium distribution process arrangements to support the CM loads.

Ganni, V.; Knudsen, P. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab), Newport News, VA 23606 (United States)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

371

Pipeline gas pressure reduction with refrigeration generation  

SciTech Connect

The high pressure of pipeline gas is reduced to the low pressure of a distribution system with simultaneous generation of refrigeration by passing the gas through two successive centrifugal compressors driven by two turbo-expanders in which the compressed gas is expanded to successively lower pressures. Refrigeration is recovered from the gas as it leaves each turbo-expander. Methanol is injected into the pipeline gas before it is expanded to prevent ice formation. Aqueous methanol condensate separated from the expanded gas is distilled for the recovery and reuse of methanol.

Markbreiter, S. J.; Schorr, H. P.

1985-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

372

Foreign ownership, technological capabilities and clothing exports in Sri Lanka  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Drawing on recent developments in applied international trade and innovation and learning in developing countries, this paper examines the links between firm-level export performance, foreign ownership and the acquisition of technological capabilities in a sample of 205 clothing enterprises in Sri Lanka. Econometric analysis indicates that foreign ownership, firm size, human capital, technological capabilities and geographical location are all positively associated with export shares. Furthermore, higher levels of technological capability are associated with larger firm size, university-level manpower and in-house technological effort. Micro-level investigations are a complementary input to developing policies for promoting private sector competitiveness in outward-oriented developing countries.

Ganeshan Wignaraja

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Reducing the Carbon Footprint of Commercial Refrigeration Systems Using Life Cycle Climate Performance Analysis: From System Design to Refrigerant Options  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, Life Cycle Climate Performance (LCCP) analysis is used to estimate lifetime direct and indirect carbon dioxide equivalent gas emissions of various refrigerant options and commercial refrigeration system designs, including the multiplex DX system with various hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants, the HFC/R744 cascade system incorporating a medium-temperature R744 secondary loop, and the transcritical R744 booster system. The results of the LCCP analysis are presented, including the direct and indirect carbon dioxide equivalent emissions for each refrigeration system and refrigerant option. Based on the results of the LCCP analysis, recommendations are given for the selection of low GWP replacement refrigerants for use in existing commercial refrigeration systems, as well as for the selection of commercial refrigeration system designs with low carbon dioxide equivalent emissions, suitable for new installations.

Fricke, Brian A [ORNL] [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL] [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Evaporative system for water and beverage refrigeration in hot countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaporative system for water and beverage refrigeration in hot countries A Saleh1 and MA Al-Nimr2 1 Abstract: The present study proposes an evaporative refrigerating system used to keep water or other are found to be consistent with the available literature data. Keywords: evaporative refrigeration, heat

375

Control method for mixed refrigerant based natural gas liquefier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a natural gas liquefaction system having a refrigerant storage circuit, a refrigerant circulation circuit in fluid communication with the refrigerant storage circuit, and a natural gas liquefaction circuit in thermal communication with the refrigerant circulation circuit, a method for liquefaction of natural gas in which pressure in the refrigerant circulation circuit is adjusted to below about 175 psig by exchange of refrigerant with the refrigerant storage circuit. A variable speed motor is started whereby operation of a compressor is initiated. The compressor is operated at full discharge capacity. Operation of an expansion valve is initiated whereby suction pressure at the suction pressure port of the compressor is maintained below about 30 psig and discharge pressure at the discharge pressure port of the compressor is maintained below about 350 psig. Refrigerant vapor is introduced from the refrigerant holding tank into the refrigerant circulation circuit until the suction pressure is reduced to below about 15 psig, after which flow of the refrigerant vapor from the refrigerant holding tank is terminated. Natural gas is then introduced into a natural gas liquefier, resulting in liquefaction of the natural gas.

Kountz, Kenneth J. (Palatine, IL); Bishop, Patrick M. (Chicago, IL)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Feasibility of Solar-Assisted Refrigerated Transport in Australia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems. Keywords: refrigeration, transport, photovoltaics, economics. 1 #12;B. Elliston, M. Dennis) modules to minimise the use of diesel generation in refrigerated transport. Sub- sequently, UK supermarket. This report investigates the merit of retrofitting a PV system to assist refrigerated trailers in Australian

377

Form Date 4/4/01 Refrigerant Service Order Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recovery Unit ID # : Added Lbs oz Lbs oz Lbs oz Startup Charge Net Refrigerant Added: Lbs oz Parts UsedForm Date 4/4/01 Refrigerant Service Order Form Service ID: Owner: Work Order #: Building: Date: Issued: Completed: Equipment ID: Technicians: Location: Model: Manufact: Serial #: Refrigerant Type

Russell, Lynn

378

Literature survey of heat transfer enhancement techniques in refrigeration applications  

SciTech Connect

A survey has been performed of the technical and patent literature on enhanced heat transfer of refrigerants in pool boiling, forced convection evaporation, and condensation. Extensive bibliographies of the technical literature and patents are given. Many passive and active techniques were examined for pure refrigerants, refrigerant-oil mixtures, and refrigerant mixtures. The citations were categorized according to enhancement technique, heat transfer mode, and tube or shell side focus. The effects of the enhancement techniques relative to smooth and/or pure refrigerants were illustrated through the discussion of selected papers. Patented enhancement techniques also are discussed. Enhanced heat transfer has demonstrated significant improvements in performance in many refrigerant applications. However, refrigerant mixtures and refrigerant-oil mixtures have not been studied extensively; no research has been performed with enhanced refrigerant mixtures with oil. Most studies have been of the parametric type; there has been inadequate examination of the fundamental processes governing enhanced refrigerant heat transfer, but some modeling is being done and correlations developed. It is clear that an enhancement technique must be optimized for the refrigerant and operating condition. Fundamental processes governing the heat transfer must be examined if models for enhancement techniques are to be developed; these models could provide the method to optimize a surface. Refrigerant mixtures, with and without oil present, must be studied with enhancement devices; there is too little known to be able to estimate the effects of mixtures (particularly NARMs) with enhanced heat transfer. Other conclusions and recommendations are offered.

Jensen, M.K.; Shome, B. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering and Mechanics

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Method and apparatus for de-superheating refrigerant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is an apparatus and method for de-superheating a primary refrigerant leaving a compressor wherein a secondary refrigerant is used between the primary refrigerant to be de-superheated. Reject heat is advantageously used for heat reclaim. 7 figs.

Zess, J.A.; Drost, M.K.; Call, C.J.

1997-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

380

Fast Nonconvex Model Predictive Control for Commercial Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

its capabil- ity to minimize the total cost of energy for a commercial refrigeration system while multi-zone refrigeration system, consisting of several cooling units that share a common compressor. This corresponds roughly to 2% of the entire electricity consumption in the country. Refrigerated goods constitute

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Duke University Laboratory Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prior to transport includes, but is not limited to the following: refrigerators, freezers, centrifuges

Wolpert, Robert L

382

Herb Production--Is It for You?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as refrigerators, freezers, drying sheds, and dehydrators take money to buy and maintain. Specialty crop

O'Laughlin, Jay

383

Environmental Health and Safety Laboratory Preparation for Tropical Storms or Hurricanes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

disconnected from the wall to prevent unwanted power surges, 7. Ensure that refrigerators and freezers

Natelson, Douglas

384

California State University, Fullerton Campus Fire Safety Right-to-Know Act  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, freezers, refrigerators, stoves (in addition to the one provided) outdoor clotheslines or drying equipment

de Lijser, Peter

385

California State University, Fullerton University Police Campus Fire Safety Right-to-Know Act  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, freezers, refrigerators, stoves (in addition to the one provided) outdoor clotheslines or drying equipment

de Lijser, Peter

386

California State University, Fullerton University Police Campus Fire Safety Right-to-Know Act  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, dryers, freezers, full sized refrigerators and stoves (except those provided in the apartments), outdoor

de Lijser, Peter

387

RECOMMENDED SHIPBUILDING CONSTRUCTION GUIDELINES FOR CRUISE VESSELS DESTINED TO CALL ON U. S. PORTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 15.0 Provision Rooms and Walk-In Refrigerators and Freezers

389

umces-safety@umces.edu Hazard Communication umces-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

umces- safety@umces.edu Hazardous chemicals can be found in laboratory refrigerators, freezers, cabinets

Boynton, Walter R.

390

umces-safety@umces.edu Hazard Communication umces-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Communication umces- safety@umces.edu Hazardous chemicals can be found in laboratory refrigerators, freezers

Boynton, Walter R.

391

Waste Heat Recapture from Supermarket Refrigeration Systems  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to determine the potential energy savings associated with improved utilization of waste heat from supermarket refrigeration systems. Existing and advanced strategies for waste heat recovery in supermarkets were analyzed, including options from advanced sources such as combined heat and power (CHP), micro-turbines and fuel cells.

Fricke, Brian A [ORNL

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Alternative Refrigerants for Building Air Conditioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The majority of building air conditioning has traditionally been achieved with vapor compression technology using CFC-I I or HCFC-22 as refrigerant fluids. CFC-11 is being successfully replaced by HCFC-123 (retrofit or new equipment) or by HFC- 134a...

Bivens, D. B.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including refrigerated beverage vending machines, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR® program. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

394

International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510) | Department  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510) International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510) International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510) July 9, 2012 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that International Refrigeration Products failed to certify a various room air conditioners as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510) More Documents & Publications

395

Case Study: Transcritical Carbon Dioxide Supermarket Refrigeration Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This case study documents one year of operating experience with a transcritical carbon dioxide (TC CO2) booster refrigeration system at Delhaize America’s Hannaford supermarket location in Turner, Maine. This supermarket, which began operation in June 2013, is the first supermarket installation in the U.S. of a TC CO2 booster refrigeration system. We compare refrigeration system performance to that for a supermarket having nearly identical layout and refrigeration loads, in a similar climate and of similar vintage, that uses a conventional hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerant. Delhaize provided the submetered and utility data used to generate the performance summaries herein.

396

Special dilution refrigerator systems of Milli-Kelvin detector experiments  

SciTech Connect

Several hundred ultra low temperature systems have been designed and built for a variety of applications. One common application is the refrigeration of low temperature detectors. Although many of the requirements are satisfied by standard designs, Oxford Instruments has often built special refrigerators to suit specific detector requirements. A few of the most interesting of these systems will be discussed. (1) dilution refrigerators to cool gravitational wave antennae to 65 mK; (2) rotating dilution refrigerator for cosmic ray detector experiments; (3) compact dilution refrigerator to cool large bolometer arrays within the SCUBA telescope; (4) side access systems for beam line experiments

Batey, G.; Balshaw, N. (Oxford Instruments Ltd., Old Station Way (United Kingdom))

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Retail refrigeration systems -- The use of ammonia and two-level secondary refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

The concept of a secondary refrigeration system for high-temperature use as investigated in 1991, and a design for a full high-temperature system was completed the following year. In late 1992, a supermarket chain commissioned a study of the feasibility of turning the design into a practical application and assisted the project in 1993 by commissioning a test facility for single-temperature secondary refrigeration at one of the company`s factory sites. Results and conclusions from this trial work pointed toward the need for a total secondary refrigeration system, including a low-temperature system for frozen food display cases, and the possibility of utilizing environmentally friendly ammonia as the primary refrigerant. Therefore, in late 1993/early 1994, a low-temperature system was developed and commissioned at the test facility. Full collaboration between the supermarket company and the contractor resulted in the funding of practical trial work and feasibility studies for both secondary refrigeration and a fully detailed proposal for the use of ammonia in a public retail environment. In May 1995, the first UK ammonia and two-level secondary refrigeration system began operation in a supermarket in Horsham, Sussex England.

Thomas, A.S. [Westward Refrigeration, Gloucester (United Kingdom)

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low-Global Warming Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy

399

Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2012 Auto Folding Clothes Drying Rack Global Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PENNSTATE Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2012 Auto Folding Clothes Drying Rack ­ Global, and rotating clothes drying rack. The main client for the rack is a woman in South Korea who is confined rack for our client that she can use easily from her wheelchair. A secondary objective is to develop

Demirel, Melik C.

400

DOE Issues Enforcement Guidance on Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Issues Enforcement Guidance on Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Issues Enforcement Guidance on Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers and the Waiver Process DOE Issues Enforcement Guidance on Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers and the Waiver Process December 23, 2010 - 5:14pm Addthis Today, the Department of Energy issued enforcement guidance on the application of recently granted waivers for large-capacity clothes washers and announced steps to improve the waiver process - and refrain from certain enforcement actions - so that innovative covered products can demonstrate compliance with DOE efficiency requirements and come to market without undue delays. Based on comments received in response to DOE's November 30, 2010 notice, today's guidance makes clear that DOE's current test procedure does not cover large-capacity clothes washers and,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

DOE Issues Enforcement Guidance on Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Issues Enforcement Guidance on Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Issues Enforcement Guidance on Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers and the Waiver Process DOE Issues Enforcement Guidance on Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers and the Waiver Process December 23, 2010 - 5:14pm Addthis Today, the Department of Energy issued enforcement guidance on the application of recently granted waivers for large-capacity clothes washers and announced steps to improve the waiver process - and refrain from certain enforcement actions - so that innovative covered products can demonstrate compliance with DOE efficiency requirements and come to market without undue delays. Based on comments received in response to DOE's November 30, 2010 notice, today's guidance makes clear that DOE's current test procedure does not cover large-capacity clothes washers and,

402

LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers LG to DOE General Counsel; Re:Request for Comment on Large Capacity Clothes Washers LG response to DOE's request for information regarding alternative test procedures for large-capacity clothes washer models, December 7, 2010. After DOE requested the views of interested parties concerning implementation of an alternative test procedure for large-capacity clothes washer models, i.e., those in excess of 3.8 cu ft, LG Vice President of Government Relations and Communications, John I. Taylor, submits this letter outlining LG's views on the set of "unique circumstances." LG response to DOE's request for information regarding alternative test procedures for large-capacity clothes washer models, December 7, 2010.

403

International Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20585 WASHINGTON, D.C. 20585 Case Number: 2012-CE-1510 International Refrigeration Products, Respondent ) ) ) ) ) ) ORDER Issued: July 20, 2012 By the General Counsel, U.S. Department of Energy: 1. In this Order, I adopt the attached Compromise Agreement entered into between the U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") and International Refrigeration Products ("Respondent"). The Compromise Agreement resolves the case initiated to pursue a civil penalty for violations of the compliance certification requirements located at 10 C.P.R. § 429.12. 2. DOE and Respondent have negotiated the terms of the Compromise Agreement that resolve this matter. A copy of the Compromise Agreement is attached hereto and incorporated by reference. 3. After reviewing the terms of the Compromise Agreement and evaluating the facts

404

An electric utility's adventures in commercial refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

This article provides a look at the history of energy conservation efforts in supermarket refrigeration from World War II to the present and a goal for the future. A supermarket is a low profit margin business, typically netting 1 percent on annual sales. The typical supermarket's annual electric bill equals or exceeds the annual profits. With all of these data, it looked like energy conservation in the supermarket industry was going to be an easy task. Change the lighting to a more energy-efficient system and lower the head pressure and raise the suction pressure in the refrigeration. Any owner, CEO, or general manager who could easily increase his bottom-line profit by 10 to 30 percent would jump at the opportunity, especially when the electric utility was willing to support a portion of the cost for the changes.

Flannick, J.A. (Wisconsin Electric Co., Milwaukee, WI (United States)); Stamm, R.H. (Industrial Refrigeration, Sandy, OR (United States)); Calle, M.M. (Technical Resources, Inc., Milwaukee, WI (United States)); Gomolla, J.C. (Gomolla (Jerry C.), Milwaukee, WI (United States))

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Performance bound for quantum absorption refrigerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An implementation of quantum absorption chillers with three qubits has been recently proposed, that is ideally able to reach the Carnot performance regime. Here we study the working efficiency of such self-contained refrigerators, adopting a consistent treatment of dissipation effects. We demonstrate that the coefficient of performance at maximum cooling power is upper bounded by 3/4 of the Carnot performance. The result is independent of the details of the system and the equilibrium temperatures of the external baths. We provide design prescriptions that saturate the bound in the limit of a large difference between the operating temperatures. Our study suggests that delocalized dissipation, which must be taken into account for a proper modelling of the machine-baths interaction, is a fundamental source of irreversibility which prevents the refrigerator from approaching the Carnot performance arbitrarily closely in practice. The potential role of quantum correlations in the operation of these machines is also investigated.

Luis A. Correa; José P. Palao; Gerardo Adesso; Daniel Alonso

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

406

Process for the production of refrigerator oil  

SciTech Connect

A process for producing a high quality refrigerator oil from an oil fraction boiling at a temperature within boiling point of lubricating oil by contacting said oil fraction with a solvent to extract undesirable components thereby lowering % C..cap alpha.. of said oil fraction, hydrogenating said solvent extracted fraction under the specific conditions, and then contacting said hydrogenated oil with a solid absorbant to remove impurities; said oil fraction being obtained from a low grade naphthenic crude oil.

Kunihiro, T.; Tsuchiya, K.

1985-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

407

Tapered pulse tube for pulse tube refrigerators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Thermal insulation of the pulse tube in a pulse-tube refrigerator is maintained by optimally varying the radius of the pulse tube to suppress convective heat loss from mass flux streaming in the pulse tube. A simple cone with an optimum taper angle will often provide sufficient improvement. Alternatively, the pulse tube radius r as a function of axial position x can be shaped with r(x) such that streaming is optimally suppressed at each x.

Swift, Gregory W. (Sante Fe, NM); Olson, Jeffrey R. (San Mateo, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

HVAC's Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Comfort by Design Steve Jones Commercial Sales Manager for Mitsubishi Southwest Business Unit HVAC?s Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) Technology HVAC Industry Overview HVAC Market Dollar Volume $18 Billion Source:;NABH Research....2M Systems Ductless is a small percent of the U.S. HVAC market but current building and energy usage trends indicate a large growth opportunity Determining the Proper Application Worldwide Usage-Opportunity Window Unitary Chillers...

Jones, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Cool energy savings opportunities in commercial refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

The commercial sector consumes over 13 quads of primary energy annually. Most of this consumption (two-thirds) meets the energy needs of lighting and heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. The largest consuming group of the remaining one-third is commercial refrigeration at about one quad annually (990 trillion Btu), valued at over $7 billion per year to the commercial sector consumer. Potential energy savings are estimated to be about 266 trillion Btu, with consumer savings valued at about $2 billion. This study provides the first known estimates of these values using a bottom-up approach. The authors evaluated numerous self-contained and engineered commercial refrigeration systems in this study, such as: supermarket central systems, beverage merchandisers, ice machines, and vending machines. Typical physical characteristics of each equipment type were identified at the component level for energy consumption. This information was used to form a detailed database from which they arrived at the estimate of 990 trillion Btu energy consumption for the major equipment types used in commercial refrigeration. Based on the implementation of the most cost-effective technology improvements for the seven major equipment types, they estimated an annual potential energy savings of 266 trillion Btu. Much of the savings can be realized with the implementation of high-efficiency fan motors and compressors. In many cases, payback can be realized within three years.

Westphalen, D.; Brodrick, J.; Zogg, R.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Anoka Municipal Utility - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Anoka Municipal Utility - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Anoka Municipal Utility - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Anoka Municipal Utility - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Room Air Conditioner: limit of 2 units per account Lighting: limit of $15 per customer per year Program Info Expiration Date 03/31/2013 State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Ceiling Fan: $25 Clothes Washer: $25 Refrigerator: $50 Freezer: $50 Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $25 Freezer: $50 Dishwasher: $25 Dehumidifier: $25 Air Conditioner Tune-Up: $25 Room Air Conditioner: $25/unit Central A/C: $225 - $400, varies by efficiency

411

EA-1643: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

43: Finding of No Significant Impact 43: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1643: Finding of No Significant Impact Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commerical Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator-Freezers without Doors; and Remote Condensing Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator-Freezers The proposed action is the establishment of new energy conservation standards for commerical refrigeration equipment. DOE is adopting Trial Standard Level 4 for CRE. Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commerical Freezers, and Commercial

412

EA-1643: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Finding of No Significant Impact 3: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1643: Finding of No Significant Impact Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commerical Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator-Freezers without Doors; and Remote Condensing Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator-Freezers The proposed action is the establishment of new energy conservation standards for commerical refrigeration equipment. DOE is adopting Trial Standard Level 4 for CRE. Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commerical Freezers, and Commercial

413

Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? July 20, 2012 - 4:35pm Addthis Earlier this week, Amanda wrote about how you can save energy by choosing the right refrigerator and using it efficiently. These tips explain all sorts of ways you can ensure your refrigerator uses as little energy as possible to keep itself cool. So this week, we're curious: Could you save money with your refrigerator? You have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles How Do You Save Money on Summer Holidays? Have You Seen Energy Efficiency Improvements in Your Neighborhood?

414

Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? July 20, 2012 - 4:35pm Addthis Earlier this week, Amanda wrote about how you can save energy by choosing the right refrigerator and using it efficiently. These tips explain all sorts of ways you can ensure your refrigerator uses as little energy as possible to keep itself cool. So this week, we're curious: Could you save money with your refrigerator? You have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles How Do You Save Money on Summer Holidays? Have You Seen Energy Efficiency Improvements in Your Neighborhood?

415

Colorado | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Morgan County REA - Efficiency Credit/Rebate Programs Morgan County REA - Efficiency Credit/Rebate Programs Heat Pumps: $85 - $300/unit, varies by efficiency and configuration Geothermal Heat Pumps: $100 - $150 Room AC (Split Systems): $100 - $150 (Tri-State only) Electric Thermal Storage: $24/kW Thermal Slab Units: $18/kW Electric Motors: $16/HP Wiring Assistance: $3/HP LEDs: $10 (Tri-State only) Refrigerator: $115 Refrigerator Salvage: $90 Freezer: $90 Freezer Salvage: $90 Clothes Washer: $90 Dishwasher: $80 Clothes Washer/Dryer: $100 (MCREA only) Heat Pump Water Heaters: $120 - $370 October 16, 2013 Mandatory Photovoltaic System Cost Estimate At the request of a customer or a potential customer, Colorado electric utilities are required to conduct a cost comparison of a photovoltaic (PV) system to any proposed distribution line extension if the customer or

416

Franklin County PUD - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Franklin County PUD - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Franklin County PUD - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Franklin County PUD - Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Appliances & Electronics Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Freezer: $15 Refrigerator: $15 Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $30 Gas Clothes Washer: $20 Electric Clothes Washer: $30 Water Heater: $25 Windows/Patio Doors: $6 per sq/ft Weatherization/Insulation: $0.05 - $0.85 sq/ft PTCS Air Source Heat Pumps: $500 - $1,100 Ductless Heat Pumps: $1,500

417

Active magnetic refrigerants based on Gd-Si-Ge material and refrigeration apparatus and process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Active magnetic regenerator and method using Gd.sub.5 (Si.sub.x Ge.sub.1-x).sub.4, where x is equal to or less than 0.5, as a magnetic refrigerant that exhibits a reversible ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic or ferromagnetic-II/ferromagnetic-I first order phase transition and extraordinary magneto-thermal properties, such as a giant magnetocaloric effect, that renders the refrigerant more efficient and useful than existing magnetic refrigerants for commercialization of magnetic regenerators. The reversible first order phase transition is tunable from approximately 30 K to approximately 290 K (near room temperature) and above by compositional adjustments. The active magnetic regenerator and method can function for refrigerating, air conditioning, and liquefying low temperature cryogens with significantly improved efficiency and operating temperature range from approximately 10 K to 300 K and above. Also an active magnetic regenerator and method using Gd.sub.5 (Si.sub.x Ge.sub.1-x).sub.4, where x is equal to or greater than 0.5, as a magnetic heater/refrigerant that exhibits a reversible ferromagnetic/paramagnetic second order phase transition with large magneto-thermal properties, such as a large magnetocaloric effect that permits the commercialization of a magnetic heat pump and/or refrigerant. This second order phase transition is tunable from approximately 280 K (near room temperature) to approximately 350 K by composition adjustments. The active magnetic regenerator and method can function for low level heating for climate control for buildings, homes and automobile, and chemical processing.

Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A. (Ames, IA); Pecharsky, Vitalij K. (Ames, IA)

1998-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

418

Active magnetic refrigerants based on Gd-Si-Ge material and refrigeration apparatus and process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Active magnetic regenerator and method using Gd{sub 5} (Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1{minus}x}){sub 4}, where x is equal to or less than 0.5, as a magnetic refrigerant that exhibits a reversible ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic or ferromagnetic-II/ferromagnetic-I first order phase transition and extraordinary magneto-thermal properties, such as a giant magnetocaloric effect, that renders the refrigerant more efficient and useful than existing magnetic refrigerants for commercialization of magnetic regenerators. The reversible first order phase transition is tunable from approximately 30 K to approximately 290 K (near room temperature) and above by compositional adjustments. The active magnetic regenerator and method can function for refrigerating, air conditioning, and liquefying low temperature cryogens with significantly improved efficiency and operating temperature range from approximately 10 K to 300 K and above. Also an active magnetic regenerator and method using Gd{sub 5} (Si{sub x} Ge{sub 1{minus}x}){sub 4}, where x is equal to or greater than 0.5, as a magnetic heater/refrigerant that exhibits a reversible ferromagnetic/paramagnetic second order phase transition with large magneto-thermal properties, such as a large magnetocaloric effect that permits the commercialization of a magnetic heat pump and/or refrigerant. This second order phase transition is tunable from approximately 280 K (near room temperature) to approximately 350 K by composition adjustments. The active magnetic regenerator and method can function for low level heating for climate control for buildings, homes and automobile, and chemical processing. 27 figs.

Gschneidner, K.A. Jr.; Pecharsky, V.K.

1998-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

419

Process Options for Nominal 2-K Helium Refrigeration System Designs  

SciTech Connect

Nominal 2-K helium refrigeration systems are frequently used for superconducting radio frequency and magnet string technologies used in accelerators. This paper examines the trade-offs and approximate performance of four basic types of processes used for the refrigeration of these technologies; direct vacuum pumping on a helium bath, direct vacuum pumping using full or partial refrigeration recovery, cold compression, and hybrid compression (i.e., a blend of cold and warm sub-atmospheric compression).

Peter Knudsen, Venkatarao Ganni

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Microcomputer Software for Refrigerant Property and Cycle Analysis Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost, a large component of which is energy-related. Existing system operation must be analyzed to optimize energy consumption while still meeting cooling load requirements. Refrigerant properties, which form the basis for such calculations, have... to illustrate the application of the program to problems in design and operation of refrigeration systems. INTRODUCTION Thermodynamic analysis of refrigeration systems is important in a variety. of industrial; commercial, and building-related applications...

Bierschenk, J. L.; Strohl, S. T.; Schmidt, P. S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

4 - Clothing for protection against hot-liquid splash and steam hazards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: Laboratory simulated tests used to evaluate the performance of protective clothing upon hot liquid splashes and steam are described. The features of these hazards in relation to occupational health and safety are discussed and the requirements for protective clothing to prevent skin burn injuries are examined. Prevailing test methods and standards are described. The key factors influencing the heat and mass transfer through protective systems to the skin and potential burn injuries are identified. The effect of thermal stored energy on the protective performance is overviewed. Future trends in protective clothing for these hazards are outlined.

G. Song; Y. Lu; F. Gholamreza

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

The effects of temperature, clothing and task on job performance and worker satisfaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

eve that the sacrifice of cumbersome clothing 1n warm work environments or al- lowing additional clothing in cool work environments can prove to be quite profitable to an organizat1on as well as an energy con- scious country. The savings to a... of Committee Member Head of Department gXc~. p ~A~r. ~ Fc - p. ~, ~l' C;), ?, ) Me ber August 1981 ABSTRACT The Effects of Temperature, Clothing and Task on Job Performance and Worker Sati faction. (August 1980) Stephen Christopher Vickroy, B. S...

Vickroy, Stephen Christopher

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

423

FirstEnergy (Potomac Edison) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Potomac Edison) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Potomac Edison) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program FirstEnergy (Potomac Edison) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Construction Design & Remodeling Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Room AC/Room AC Recycling: Limit 3 All Other Appliances: Limit 1 per household Home Performance Programs: 15% of cost for insulation Program Info Expiration Date 12/31/2014 State Maryland Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator-Freezers: Up to $150 Freezers: $75 Room AC: $25 Clothes Washer: Up to $100

424

Helium Refrigerator Design for Pulsed Heat Load in Tokamaks  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear fusion reactors of the Tokamak type will be operated in a pulsed mode requiring the helium refrigerator to remove periodically large heat loads in time steps of approximately one hour. What are the necessary steps for a refrigerator to cope with such load variations?A series of numerical simulations has been performed indicating the possibility of an active refrigerator control with low exergetic losses. A basic comparison is made between the largest existing refrigerator sizes and the size required to service for example the ITER requirements.

Kuendig, A.; Schoenfeld, H. [Linde Kryotechnik AG, Dattlikonerstrasse 5, CH-8422 Pfungen (Switzerland)

2006-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

425

Supermarket refrigeration assessment for the New England Electric System  

SciTech Connect

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has undertaken a project to assess the impact of energy efficient supermarket refrigeration on the electric capacity requirements of the New England Electric System (NEES) service territories. The leading supermarket chains in the NEES service territories were contacted and the number of supermarkets and the types of refrigeration systems employed were established. Estimates were then made of the potential demand and energy savings that NEES and the supermarkets could realize if energy efficient refrigeration systems were employed. On the basis of this analysis, possible incentives to accelerate the implementation of energy efficient refrigeration equipment in NEES service territories were recommended. 4 refs., 10 figs., 27 tabs.

Tsaros, T.L.; Walker, D.H. (Foster-Miller, Inc., Waltham, MA (United States))

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global-Warming-Potential Refrigerants...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Impact This will provide the heating, venting, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVAC&R) industries and policymakers with definitive information regarding the available...

427

Economizer refrigeration cycle space heating and cooling system and process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to heating and cooling systems and more particularly to an improved system utilizing a Stirling Cycle engine heat pump in a refrigeration cycle. 18 figs.

Jardine, D.M.

1983-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

428

Economizer refrigeration cycle space heating and cooling system and process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to heating and cooling systems and more particularly to an improved system utilizing a Stirling Cycle engine heat pump in a refrigeration cycle.

Jardine, Douglas M. (Colorado Springs, CO)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

List of Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Incentives | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Refrigeration Equipment Incentives Refrigeration Equipment Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 103 Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 103) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP Appalachian Power - Commercial and Industrial Rebate Programs (West Virginia) Utility Rebate Program West Virginia Commercial Industrial Central Air conditioners Chillers Custom/Others pending approval Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Programmable Thermostats Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Ground Source Heat Pumps Yes AEP Ohio - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Commercial Industrial Local Government Municipal Utility

430

South Africa Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the...

431

Polyhalogenated hydrocarbon refrigerants and refrigerant oils colored with fluorescent dyes and method for their use as leak detectors  

SciTech Connect

A leak detectable refrigeration composition is described comprising: (A) a refrigeration liquid selection from the group consisting of: (1) a polyhalogenated hydrocarbon refrigerant; (2) a refrigeration oil selected from the group consisting of naphthenic oils, paraffinic oils, alkylated benzenes, silicones, polyglycols, diesters or triesters of dicarboxylic or tricarboxylic acids, and polyalkyl silicate oils, and (3) a mixture of A(1) and A(2), and (B) a fluorescent dye compound or composition comprising the dye selected from the group consisting of: (1) a fluorescent dye selected from the group consisting of perylene, naphthoxanthene, monocyclic aromatic compounds having an organometallic compound, (2) a solution of fluorescent dye in a solvent, and (3) a mixture of B(1) and B(2). The fluorescent dye compound or composition is soluble in the refrigeration liquid. The concentration of the dye being at least 0.001 grams per 100 grams of the refrigeration liquid.

Parekh, M.

1988-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

432

Exergy analysis and experimental study of a vapor compression refrigeration cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents a detailed experimental analysis of 2TR (ton of refrigeration) vapor compression refrigeration cycle for different percentage of refrigerant charge using exergy analysis. An experimental set...

S. Anand; S. K. Tyagi

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

DOE Receives Responses on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Receives Responses on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Receives Responses on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers DOE Receives Responses on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes Washer Waivers December 8, 2010 - 11:02am Addthis The Department last week invited interested parties to submit views on the proper application of waivers establishing alternative test procedures for existing large-capacity residential clothes washer models and units. We received responses from several parties, which can be found below. Alliance Laundry Systems EarthJustice Electrolux GE Appliances and Lighting LG Electronics Whirlpool Corporation The Department is currently reviewing these responses and will promptly make public its conclusions. Addthis Related Articles DOE Solicits Views on the Implementation of Large-Capacity Clothes Washer

434

Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season Drying Clothes and Saving Money this Fall Season November 8, 2012 - 3:16pm Addthis The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that just cleaning the lint screen before each and every load of laundry can save you an average of $34 per year. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Kameleon007 The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that just cleaning the lint screen before each and every load of laundry can save you an average of $34 per year. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Kameleon007 Jason Lutterman Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy What are the key facts? Even after cleaning out your lint screen, there are other ways to make sure that your clothes dryer is running as efficiently as possible.

435

Heat and moisture transfer through clothing for a person with contact surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S, Kornadt O et al (2009) Heat and moisture transfer throughTopic A7: Thermal comfort Heat and moisture transfer throughClothing, Modelling, Heat transfer, Moisture transfer,

Fu, Ming; Yu, Tiefeng; Zhang, Hui; Weng, Wenguo; Yuan, Hongyong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

2014-02-21 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Clothes Washers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking regarding energy conservation standards for commercial clothes washers, as issued by the Assistant Secretary on February 21, 2014.

437

2014-01-31 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking regarding test procedures for commercial clothes washers, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on January 31, 2014.

438

2014-04-11 Issuance: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Washers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking regarding test procedure amendments for residential clothes washers, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on April 11, 2014.

439

1991 & 1992 trade-in refrigerator metering project  

SciTech Connect

Under SMUD`s Equipment Efficiency Improvement Program the District offers an incentive of $100 to customers who trade in an older refrigerator in conjunction with the purchase of a new model. More than 40,000 refrigerators have been traded in this program as of January 1993. This program has provided 36.5% of the total reported savings from all SMUD`s conservation programs through April 1993. Of this 36.5% reported savings, 84.7% is attributed to the trading in of an old refrigerator for a new model, and only 15.3% to purchases of a new refrigerators without trading in their older model. In 1992 two laboratory studies were undertaken to quantify energy use of older, close to retirement, domestic residential refrigerators from participants in SMUD`s refrigerator trade-in program. One study focused on annual energy use from older model refrigerators received from this program, and the second study focused on potential energy savings from condenser coil cleaning from this same stock of refrigerators. To determine the performance of these refrigerators, a sample of 79 units was randomly selected for testing. Each unit was tested to obtain annual energy use (kWh/yr) and to document physical and operational conditions. A subset of 28 units from this sample was also tested to determine energy savings as a result of cleaning condenser coils. This was done by comparing test results of annual energy use before and after coil cleaning. These refrigerators were tested to the same conventional procedures (commonly called the {open_quotes}DOE{close_quotes} test, or AHAM test procedures) used to arrive at annual energy use labeled on all new refrigerators. Although laboratory results do not exactly replicate field (in-home) results, they have been found to still be a reasonably good predictor of energy use as reported in a Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory study , discussed in the following section.

Bos, W.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

440

Cascade and secondary coolant supermarket refrigeration systems : modelling and new frost correlations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nowadays traditional (direct expansion) supermarket refrigeration systems are mostly employed in supermarket establishments for refrigerating food products and beverages in the store. However, the installations… (more)

Haile-Michael, Getu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

HgCdTe superlattices for solid-state cryogenic refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for solid-state cryogenic refrigeration Daryoosh Vashaee a?merit ?ZT max ? 3? at cryogenic temperatures. Calculationstemperature, 1–6 for cryogenic refrigeration the situation

Vashaee, D; Shakouri, A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

California Baseline Energy Demands to 2050 for Advanced Energy Pathways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heating Hot Tub Pump Swimming Pool Pump Freezer Refrigeratorhome electronics, swimming pools, waterbeds, evaporativeRefrigerator Freezer Swimming Pool Pump Hot Tub Pump Hot Tub

McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

DOE February 2012 ECS Report to Congress  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

and refrigerator-freezers, fluorescent lamp ballasts, and direct heating equipment, and test procedures for walk-in coolers and walk-in freezers, automatic commercial ice makers,...

444

Lanthanide Al-Ni base Ericsson cycle magnetic refrigerants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic refrigerant for a magnetic refrigerator using the Ericsson thermodynamic cycle comprises DyAlNi and (Gd{sub 0.54}Er{sub 0.46})AlNi alloys having a relatively constant {Delta}Tmc over a wide temperature range. 16 figs.

Gschneidner, K.A. Jr.; Takeya, Hiroyuki

1995-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

445

1st TECCS meeting, 26th April 2007 Adsorption Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TECCS meeting, 26th April 2007 Adsorption refrigerators and heat pumps These machines ADsorb cycles for: Heat pumps Refrigerators Air conditioning Driven by heat from: Fossil fuels Bio fuels Waste of concept forced convection adsorption machine [#1] · Generating temperature 225° C · Heat rejection

Davies, Christopher

446

Lanthanide Al-Ni base Ericsson cycle magnetic refrigerants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic refrigerant for a magnetic refrigerator using the Ericsson thermodynamic cycle comprises DyAlNi and (Gd.sub.0.54 Er.sub.0.46)AlNi alloys having a relatively constant .DELTA.Tmc over a wide temperature range.

Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A. (Ames, IA); Takeya, Hiroyuki (Ibaraki, JP)

1995-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

447

Control of Refrigeration Systems for Trade-off between Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control of Refrigeration Systems for Trade-off between Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss Ph and Technology (DMST) under Grant: 2002-603/4001-93. CMBC consists of seven industrial companies, three academic of the three academic partners in the center. The refrigeration research activities within CMBC were initiated

Skogestad, Sigurd

448

NEW DESIGN OF NEON REFRIGERATOR FOR HTS POWER MACHINES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2007 we developed a prototype refrigerator with a small turbo?expander to provide adequate cooling power (2 kW at 70 K) for HTS (High Temperature Superconductor) power machines. The reverse?Brayton cycle with neon gas as a working fluid was adopted in the refrigerator. The prototype refrigerator does not have enough COP (Coefficient of Performance) for practical HTS applications and the purpose of this study is to research the information required for designing a new neon refrigerator with improved performance. We take the same refrigeration cycle and working fluid as the prototype one adopted but a lower process pressure of 1 MPa/0.5 MPa is chosen instead of 2 MPa/1 MPa. The lower process pressure is required by the turbo?compressor design and the refrigeration process is analyzed by using a newly developed process simulator. Also a heat?exchanger configuration is studied to make the refrigerator size small. The new refrigerator will have a cooling power of 2.5 kW at 65 K and a COP of 0.06 at 80 K.

S. Yoshida; H. Hirai; A. Takaike; M. Hirokawa; Y. Aizawa; Y. Kamioka; H. Okamoto; H. Hayashi; Y. Shiohara

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Refrigeration  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Refrigeration The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute, World Business Council for Sustainable Development Sector: Energy, Climate Focus Area: Greenhouse Gas Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.ghgprotocol.org/calculation-tools/all-tools Cost: Free References: Refrigerant Guide[1] The Greenhouse Gas Protocol tool for refrigeration is a free Excel spreadsheet calculator designed to calculate GHG emissions specifically

450

Modeling Supermarket Refrigeration Systems with EnergyPlus  

SciTech Connect

Supermarket refrigeration capabilities were first added to EnergyPlus in 2004. At that time, it was possible to model a direct expansion (DX) rack system with multiple refrigerated cases. The basic simulation software handles all the building energy uses, typically on a 5 to 10 minute time step throughout the period of interest. The original refrigeration module included the ability to model the sensible and latent interactions between the refrigerated cases and the building HVAC system, along with some basic heat recovery capabilities. Over the last few years, the refrigeration module has been expanded to handle more complex systems, such as secondary loops, shared condensers, cascade condensers, subcoolers, and walk-in coolers exchanging energy with multiple conditioned zones.

Stovall, Therese K [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Date | 1Refrigeration and Air Conditioning EMA Education and Training Date | 2Refrigeration and Air Conditioning EMA Education and Training  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Date | 1Refrigeration and Air Conditioning EMA Education and Training #12;Date | 2Refrigeration operating pressure (MOP) 5. De-humidifying (Te control) 6. Defrost funtions 7. Loss of charge detection (LOC control) 6. Defrost funtions 7. Loss of charge detection (LOC) 8. Bleed function 9. Sensor placement tips

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

452

An Evaluation of the Environmental Impact of Different Commercial Supermarket Refrigeration Systems Using Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

SciTech Connect

Commercial refrigeration systems consumed 1.21 Quads of primary energy in 2010 and are known to be a major source for refrigerant charge leakage into the environment. Thus, it is important to study the environmental impact of commercial supermarket refrigeration systems and improve their design to minimize any adverse impacts. The system s Life Cycle Climate Performance (LCCP) was presented as a comprehensive metric with the aim of calculating the equivalent mass of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere throughout its lifetime, from construction to operation and destruction. In this paper, an open source tool for the evaluation of the LCCP of different air-conditioning and refrigeration systems is presented and used to compare the environmental impact of a typical multiplex direct expansion (DX) supermarket refrigeration systems based on three different refrigerants as follows: two hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants (R-404A, and R-407F), and a low global warming potential (GWP) refrigerant (N-40). The comparison is performed in 8 US cities representing different climates. The hourly energy consumption of the refrigeration system, required for the calculation of the indirect emissions, is calculated using a widely used building energy modeling tool (EnergyPlus). A sensitivity analysis is performed to determine the impact of system charge and power plant emission factor on the LCCP results. Finally, we performed an uncertainty analysis to determine the uncertainty in total emissions for both R-404A and N-40 operated systems. We found that using low GWP refrigerants causes a considerable drop in the impact of uncertainty in the inputs related to direct emissions on the uncertainty of the total emissions of the system.

Beshr, Mohamed [University of Maryland, College Park; Aute, Vikrant [University of Maryland, College Park; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Fricke, Brian A [ORNL; Radermacher, Reinhard [University of Maryland, College Park

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Refrigeration Recovery for Experiment Hall High Target Loads  

SciTech Connect

The Qweak experiment at Jefferson Lab (JLab) is a 3000 W hydrogen target scheduled for the summer of 2010 and running for two years until the planned shut-down for 12GeV. The End Station Refrigerator (ESR) supports the three experiment halls, two of which may normally have a hydrogen target. The refrigerator for the ESR is a CTI/Helix 1500 W 4.5-K refrigerator nominally capable of supporting a 1250 W target load at 12 bar and 15-K (plus 1100 W of 4.5-K refrigeration). As such, this refrigerator is not capable of supporting the Qweak experiment target load in its present condition. Additionally, since the installation of an ambient air vaporizer for a single use, two week run duration of a high target load in the summer of 2003 there has been a consistent usage of the Central Helium Liquefier’s (CHL’s) 3 bar 4.5-K helium, supplied via an existing transfer-line to the ESR, for other high target loads. By the fall of 2004, it was apparent that this continued use of CHL’s supercritical helium was routinely being sought by the hall experimenters. As such, a method of refrigeration recovery was proposed to reduce the support required of CHL for these high target loads, including the anticipated Qweak experiment, while utilizing the recovered CHL refrigeration from the target to increase ESR’s 12 bar 15-K capacity.

Peter Knudsen, Venkatarao Ganni, Errol Yuksek, Jonathan Creel

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Energy Efficiency and Environmental Impact Analyses of Supermarket Refrigeration Systems  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents energy and life cycle climate performance (LCCP) analyses of a variety of supermarket refrigeration systems to identify designs that exhibit low environmental impact and high energy efficiency. EnergyPlus was used to model refrigeration systems in a variety of climate zones across the United States. The refrigeration systems that were modeled include the traditional multiplex DX system, cascade systems with secondary loops and the transcritical CO2 system. Furthermore, a variety of refrigerants were investigated, including R-32, R-134a, R-404A, R-1234yf, R-717, and R-744. LCCP analysis was used to determine the direct and indirect carbon dioxide emissions resulting from the operation of the various refrigeration systems over their lifetimes. Our analysis revealed that high-efficiency supermarket refrigeration systems may result in up to 44% less energy consumption and 78% reduced carbon dioxide emissions compared to the baseline multiplex DX system. This is an encouraging result for legislators, policy makers and supermarket owners to select low emission, high-efficiency commercial refrigeration system designs for future retrofit and new projects.

Fricke, Brian A [ORNL] [ORNL; Bansal, Pradeep [ORNL] [ORNL; Zha, Shitong [Hillphoenix] [Hillphoenix

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Effect of parasitic refrigeration on the efficiency of magnetic liquefiers  

SciTech Connect

Our studies have shown that magnetic refrigerators have the potential to liquefy cryogens very efficiently. High efficiency is especially important for liquid hydrogen and natural gas applications where the liquefaction costs are a significant fraction of the total liquid cost. One of the characteristics of magnetic refrigerators is the requirement for a high-field superconducting magnet. Providing a 4.2-K bath for this magnet will require a small amount of parasitic refrigeration at 4.2 K even though the rest of the liquefier may be at 110 K (liquid natural gas) or higher. For several different refrigeration power levels at 4.2 K, we have calculated the efficiency of the magnetic liquefier as a function of power, temperature and the 4.2-K refrigerator efficiency. The results show that if the ratio of the thermal load at 4.2 K to the main refrigerator power is 0.001 or less, the effect on the efficiency of the liquefier is negligible at all temperatures below room temperature provided the 4.2-K refrigerator efficiency is high.

Barclay, J.A.; Stewart, W.F.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

An ammonia refrigerator with an absorption circuit as economizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The experimental results of a compression refrigerator with an integrated solution circuit, a so-called compression-absorption cycle, are presented. The compression refrigerator operates with ammonia (NH3) as refrigerant. The cycle is improved by two-stage throttling of the condensate and an absorption circuit which replaces the economizer compressor. The absorption circuit operates on the working pair ammonia/water (NH3/H2O). It is driven by superheat of the compressor without additional heat input from an external source. By this means the benefit of two-stage throttling, namely a reduction in compression work or an increase in refrigeration capacity, can be doubled. In the experiments an improvement of up to 9% in the efficiency of the NH3-refrigeration cycle has been attained. Compared to a simple compression refrigerator, the presented compression-absorption cycle has a payback time of only several months. Compared to a conventional economizer refrigeration cycle, the payback can be expected within the range of several months to about four years.

F Ziegler; U Spindler

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Application Availability of Insulation Heat of the Terrace in a Rebuilt Refrigerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, analyzes the temperature distribution of the terrace, and supplies guidance for rebuilding refrigerators....

Qu, C.; Sun, Y.; Chen, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Columbia River PUD - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Columbia River PUD - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Columbia River PUD - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Columbia River PUD - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Appliances & Electronics Heating & Cooling Construction Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Ventilation Manufacturing Heat Pumps Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Weatherization Measures: rebate amounts cannot exceed 50% of the total project cost Program Info State Oregon Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Electric Clothes Washers: $50 Gas, Oil or Propane Clothes Washers: $20 Refrigerators/Freezers: $15 Duct Sealing: $400 Ductless Heat Pumps: $1,000 Air-source Heat Pumps: $700 - $1,100

459

New Regenerative Cycle for Vapor Compression Refrigeration  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SCIENTIFIC REPORT SCIENTIFIC REPORT Title Page Project Title: New Regenerative Cycle for Vapor Compression Refrigeration DOE Award Number: DE-FG36-04GO14327 Document Title: Final Scientific Report Period Covered by Report: September 30, 2004 to September 30, 2005 Name and Address of Recipient Organization: Magnetic Development, Inc., 68 Winterhill Road, Madison, CT 06443, phone: 203-214-7247, fax: 203-421-7948, e-mail: mjb1000@aol.com Contact Information: Mark J. Bergander, Ph.D., P.E., Principal Investigator, phone: 203-214-7247, fax: 203-421-7948, e-mail: mjb1000@aol.com Project Objective (as stated in the proposal): The main objective of this project is to confirm on a well-instrumented prototype the theoretically derived claims of higher efficiency and coefficient

460

Simple thermodynamic diagrams for real refrigeration systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thermodynamic performance of real irreversible cooling and refrigeration systems (chillers) can be summarized in simple rectangular temperature-entropy diagrams in analogy to classic pedagogical examples for idealized reversible devices. The key to translating complex dissipative losses into this graphical framework is the process average temperature—a factor that can be calculated from nonintrusive experimental measurements for converting entropy production into lost work. An uncomplicated thermodynamic model is used to transform the governing chiller performance equations into an easily-interpreted graph. Examples based upon actual data from commercial work-driven (reciprocating) and heat-driven (absorption) chillers are presented and are used to highlight the predominance of internal dissipation in determining chiller efficiency. With the thermodynamic diagram representation the relative roles of each irreversibility source as well as the reversible and endoreversible limits become transparent.

J. M. Gordon; K. C. Ng; H. T. Chua

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Isothermally heatsunk diffusion cloud chamber refrigerator  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a diffusion cloud chamber isothermally heatsunk refrigerator which comprises: a heatsink consisting of two phases of a saturated substance existing in thermodynamic equilibrium at constant pressure and therefore at constant temperature, contained in a reservoir; a means of pressure damping to maintain constant pressure, as the ratio of the two phases present changes and introduces volumetric changes in the substance; a cooling member which transfer heat from vapor in contact with the cooling member surface to the ''cold side'' of a Peltier thermoelectric element with which the cooling member is in thermal contact; a Peltier thermoelectric element which removes the heat supplied by the cooling member from its ''cold side'' and pumps it to the ''hot side'' when driven by an electric current; and a means of transferring heat from the ''hot side'' of the Peltier thermoelectric element to the two-phase isothermal substance in the reservoir.

Menocal, S.G.

1987-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

462

Bipolar pulse field for magnetic refrigeration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic refrigeration apparatus includes first and second steady state magnets, each having a field of substantially equal strength and opposite polarity, first and second bodies made of magnetocaloric material disposed respectively in the influence of the fields of the first and second steady state magnets, and a pulsed magnet, concentric with the first and second steady state magnets, and having a field which cycles between the fields of the first and second steady state magnets, thereby cyclically magnetizing and demagnetizing and thus heating and cooling the first and second bodies. Heat exchange apparatus of suitable design can be used to expose a working fluid to the first and second bodies of magnetocaloric material. A controller is provided to synchronize the flow of working fluid with the changing states of magnetization of the first and second bodies. 2 figs.

Lubell, M.S.

1994-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

463

DOE Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star Requirements DOE Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star Requirements March 16, 2010 - 4:28pm Addthis DOE-initiated testing has revealed that a Samsung refrigerator (model RF26VAB), which the company had claimed was Energy Star compliant, consumed more energy than permitted by the Energy Star program. Test results for the Samsung model at issue show that, when tested in accordance with DOE's test procedure, it consumed between 7 and 11.4 percent more energy than the Energy Star requirement. Samsung is no longer manufacturing this model, although it may still be available from some retail outlets. Based on this testing, DOE is referring Samsung Model RF26VAB to the U.S.

464

Covered Product Category: Residential Refrigerators | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Refrigerators Residential Refrigerators Covered Product Category: Residential Refrigerators October 7, 2013 - 11:19am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including residential refrigerators, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases For the most up-to-date efficiency levels required by ENERGY STAR, look for

465

Product Standards for Refrigerators (Japan) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product Standards for Refrigerators (Japan) Product Standards for Refrigerators (Japan) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Product Standards for Refrigerators (Japan) Focus Area: Appliances & Equipment Topics: Policy Impacts Website: www.eccj.or.jp/top_runner/pdf/tr_re-freez_Jul.2006.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/product-standards-refrigerators-japan Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Industry Codes & Standards Regulations: Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling This Energy Conservation Center Japan (ECCJ) document was created as a guide in response to its newly established set of standards and labelling

466

Covered Product Category: Residential Refrigerators | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Refrigerators Refrigerators Covered Product Category: Residential Refrigerators October 7, 2013 - 11:19am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including residential refrigerators, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases For the most up-to-date efficiency levels required by ENERGY STAR, look for

467

Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercRefrigeration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPElectrtyUsePercRefrigeration SPElectrtyUsePercRefrigeration Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Refrigeration Pages using the property "Building/SPElectrtyUsePercRefrigeration" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 4.24846345193 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 24.6944086225 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 1.29913989581 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 7.46645043826 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 +

468

DOE Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy Matter DOE Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy Matter November 14, 2008 - 4:47pm Addthis ENERGY STAR® Program Continues to Help American Consumers Make Energy Efficient Choices WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced an agreement with LG Electronics, USA, Inc. (LG), resolving concerns related to energy usage measurements reported on LG French Door refrigerators with through-the-door ice and water service. The ENERGY STAR® program helps American consumers make energy efficient choices, saving billions of dollars while protecting the environment by using identified energy efficient products and practices. "DOE believes that the actions LG plans to take will benefit consumers and

469

Application of Cryocoolers to a Vintage Dilution Refrigerator  

SciTech Connect

A dilution refrigerator is required for 50mK detector operation of CDMS (Cryogenic Dark Matter Search). Besides shielding the dilution refrigerator itself, the liquid nitrogen shield and liquid helium bath in the refrigerator cool the detector cryostat heat shields and cool electronics, resulting in significant external heat loads at 80K and at 4K. An Oxford Instruments Kelvinox 400 has served this role for ten years but required daily transfers of liquid nitrogen and liquid helium. Complicating the cryogen supply is the location 800 meters below ground in an RF shielded, class 10000 clean room at Soudan, MN. Nitrogen and helium re-liquefiers using cryocoolers were installed outside the clean room and continuously condense room temperature gas and return the liquids to the dilution refrigerator through a transfer line. This paper will describe the design, installation, controls and performance of liquefaction systems.

Schmitt, Richard; Smith, Gary; Ruschman, Mark; /Fermilab; Beaty, Jim; /Minnesota U.

2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

470

Energy Department Announces More Stringent Criteria for ENERGY STAR® Refrigerators  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced increased energy efficient criteria for refrigerators carrying the ENERGY STAR® label.  In order to qualify, full-size...

471

High-Efficiency, Low-Emission Refrigeration System | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of the compressor rack and system diagram for the CO2 refrigeration system.
Credit: Oak Ridge National Lab Image of the compressor rack and system diagram for the CO2...

472

Supermarket refrigeration modeling and field demonstration: Interim report  

SciTech Connect

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has undertaken a project to investigate supermarket refrigeration. The objectives of this project are (1) to develop an energy use and demand model of supermarket refrigeration systems and (2) to carry out an extensive field test of such systems in an operating supermarket. To accomplish these goals, a supermarket owned by Safeway Stores, Inc., and located in Menlo Park, CA, with an existing conventional refrigeration system utilizing single compressor units, was equipped with a state-of-the-art system with multiplexed parallel compressors. The store and both refrigeration systems were thoroughly instrumented and a test schedule was prepared and executed. Presented in this report are the preliminary results of this field test along with the initial validation of the energy use and demand model. 62 figs., 47 tabs.

Walker, D.H.; Deming, G.I.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Speed Control in Industrial Refrigeration: Theory, Application & Case Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is often standard practice in the field of industrial refrigeration to design and operate systems with little regard toward part-load performance. This approach is understandable, whether viewed from the standpoint of the design engineer, plant...

Wilcox, M. H.

474

Applications Tests of Energy Efficient, Environmentally Friendly Refrigerants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes performance demonstrations of two members of the Ikon® family of safe, environmentally friendly, high performance substitute refrigerants for replacement of R-12 and R-134a in manufacturing and facilities operations. Preliminary...

Nimitz, J.; Glass, S.; McCullough, E.; Dhooge, P.

475

Optimal Sequencing of Central Refrigeration Equipment in an Industrial Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model was developed to find a viable solution to the problem of selecting the optimal sequence of refrigeration equipment (chillers, cooling towers, pumps) to operate in a Central Utility Plant. The optimal equipment sequence is that sequence...

Fiorino, D. P.; Priest, J. W.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Designing Augmented Refrigerator Magnets Rachel Eardley, Laurel Swan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designing Augmented Refrigerator Magnets Rachel Eardley, Laurel Swan , Abi Sellen Alex S. Taylor philosophy. As such, they are designed to operate as a modular based system so that their various functions

Hunt, Galen

477

Combined Cold Compressor/Ejector Helium Refrigerator Cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years there has been increasing interest in raising refrigeration efficiency and capacity in cycles which produce cooling below 4.2 K. It is, of course, desirable to be able to produce the required s...

A. P. Schlafke; D. P. Brown; K. C. Wu

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Riverland Energy Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Riverland Energy Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Riverland Energy Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Riverland Energy Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Appliances & Electronics Construction Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount General Lighting: $1 - $15 LED Bulbs: $2/unit Occupancy Sensors: $5 Clothes Washers: $25 Dishwashers: $25 Dehumidifiers: $25 Refrigerators: $25 Room Air Conditioners: $25 Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $25 Room Air Conditioner Recycling: $25 Central Air Conditioner: $40 - $80/Ton Electric Water Heater: $50 - $300 Water Heater Installation Cost: $20 - $150

479

Okanogan County PUD - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Okanogan County PUD - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Appliances & Electronics Heating & Cooling Construction Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Water Heating Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Star Manufactured Home: $600 Refrigerator: $25 Hot water tank: $25 Clothes washer: $50 Decommissioned refrigerator/freezer: $85 Insulation: Rebates Vary, Contact Utility Provider Okanogan County PUD Conservation Department Public Utility District No. 1 of Okanogan County provides rebates to residential customers for purchasing energy efficient appliances. The

480

Pacific Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pacific Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Pacific Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Pacific Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Construction Installer/Contractor Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Appliances & Electronics Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount CFL/LED Bulbs: Discounted pricing Energy Star CFL/LED Fixtures: $20 Clothes Washers: $50 Refrigerator: up to $35 Dishwasher: $20 Freezer: $20 Room Air Conditioner: $25 Water Heaters: $75 Heat Pump Water Heater: $150 Refrigerator Recycling: $30

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigerators freezers clothes" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Coldwater Board of Public Utilities - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Coldwater Board of Public Utilities - Residential Energy Efficiency Coldwater Board of Public Utilities - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Coldwater Board of Public Utilities - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Water Heating Program Info State Michigan Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $50 Refrigerator: $50 Clothes Washer: $50 Ceiling Fans: $15 Dehumidifiers: $25 Heat Pump Water Heaters: $250 Furnace Fan ECM Motor: $100 CFL Lighting: In-store discounts at participating stores Provider Coldwater Board of Public Utilities The Coldwater Board of Public Utilities (CBPU), in conjunction with American Municipal Power's "Efficiency Smart" program, offers incentives

482

Energy efficiency standards for eight consumer products: public meeting clarification, questions and answers  

SciTech Connect

Eighteen corporations and manufacturers provided answers to many questions posed at a public meeting on energy efficiency standards for eight consumer products. Questions on the regulations concerning the manufacturing standards, performance standards, and testing standards are included. Questions were posed about air conditioners, refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, stoves (ranges), ovens, clothes dryers, oil fired burners, water heaters, furnaces, etc. A presentation containing information pertaining to the values of average annual energy consumption per unit used by DOE in its analysis leading to proposed energy efficiency standards for nine types of consumer products is included. (MCW)

None

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Eau Claire Energy Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Eau Claire Energy Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Eau Claire Energy Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Eau Claire Energy Cooperative - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Manufacturing Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Clothes washer: $25 Dishwashers: $25 Refrigerators: $25 Room Air Conditioner: $25 Dehumidifier: $25 Refrigerator/Freezer/Room AC Recycling: $25 Central Air Conditioner/Mini Split: $40 - $80/Ton Air Source Heat Pump/Mini-Split Heat Pumps: $150/Ton Package Terminal Heat Pump: $150/Ton Geothermal Heat Pump: $300/Ton

484

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-GWP Refrigerants Mark O. McLinden National Institute of Standards and Technology markm@boulder.nist.gov; 303-497-3580 April 3, 2013 Optimization Fluid Modeling Cycle Modeling Final Candidates Optimum Thermo Parameters 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: HFC refrigerants face restrictions: U.S./Canada/Mexico proposal to Montreal Protocol (85 % cut) EU regulations likely on all application areas (79 % cut)

485

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-GWP Refrigerants Mark O. McLinden National Institute of Standards and Technology markm@boulder.nist.gov; 303-497-3580 April 3, 2013 Optimization Fluid Modeling Cycle Modeling Final Candidates Optimum Thermo Parameters 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: HFC refrigerants face restrictions: U.S./Canada/Mexico proposal to Montreal Protocol (85 % cut) EU regulations likely on all application areas (79 % cut)

486

Refrigerator design for the ambulatory and wheelchair-using elderly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REFRIGERATOR DESIGN FOR THE AMBULATORY ANO WHEELCHAIR-USING ELDERLY A Thesis by MARY SUE MILLS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A S M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements f or the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May... 198S Major Subject: Industrial Engineering REFRIGERATOR DESIGN FOR THE AMBULATORY AND WHEELCHAIR-USING ELDERLY A Thesis by MARY SUE MILLS Approved as to style and content by: )7 Rodg Koppa (Chair of Committee) rome . Co leton ( ember...

Mills, Mary Sue

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

487

ARI delegation to Japan on Alternative Refrigerants. [Foreign Trip Report  

SciTech Connect

Researchers from ARI member companies spoke at the International Conference on Alternative Refrigerants in Tokyo and visited several Japanese organizations for the purpose of exchanging information on alternative refrigerants. The specific purpose of the meetings was to review the methods being utilized to screen alternatives to CFCs and HCFCs: materials compatibility screening methods, lubricant testing techniques, as well as flammability studies. A list of papers presented at the conference is included.

Not Available

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Be in a state of purification (e.g. ritual washing, clean clothes) Stand upright facing the direction of Mecca  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Be in a state of purification (e.g. ritual washing, clean clothes) Stand upright facing the day and night. Purification: In most cases, this is achieved through washing of the face & hands, and wiping of head & feet with water. However, at times, the body must be washed. Clothes must be clean. Call

Khambatt, Mujtaba

489

Use of Sun-Protective Clothing at Outdoor Leisure Settings from 1992 to 2002: Serial Cross-sectional Observation Survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...local authorities with sun protection policies for...teenagers and adults use of sun-protective clothing...environmental factors (temperature, wind, cloud cover...associated with peoples use of sun-protective clothing...covariates. Table 1 Table 1. Distribution of body cover index...

Helen G. Dixon; Magdalena Lagerlund; Matthew J. Spittal; David J. Hill; Suzanne J. Dobbinson; and Melanie A. Wakefield

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

A review of lubrication and preformance issues in refrigeration systems using an HFC (R-134a) refrigerant  

SciTech Connect

It has been considered critical for refrigerant and compressor lubricant to be miscible with each other over part of the range of operating conditions of refrigerant systems. Adequate miscibility, many believe, provides oil return to the compressor. Presently, synthetic polyol esters have been selected for use with HFC refrigerants, such as R-134a, which are considered appropriate alternatives to CFCs. The authors will review the mechanical issues in miscible vs non-miscible naphthenic hydrocarbon oil-based lubricants. Extensive lab, test stand and cabinet testing has been conducted and data will be presented which show responsible and predictable performance based on the chemical and physical properties of the lubricant and refrigerant. Many non-miscible systems show satisfactory performance with the proper selection of lubricant, additives and mechanical configuration. 3 refs., 3 figs., 5 tabs.

Reyes-Gavilan, J.; Eckard, A.; Flak, T.; Tritak, T. [Witco Corporation, Oakland, NJ (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Heat pump employing optimal refrigerant compressor for low pressure ratio applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

What is disclosed is a heat pump apparatus for conditioning a fluid characterized by a fluid handler for circulating the fluid in heat exchange relationship with a refrigerant fluid; two refrigerant heat exchangers; one for effecting the heat exchange with the fluid and a second refrigerant-heat exchange fluid heat exchanger for effecting a low pressure ratio of compression of the refrigerant; a rotary compressor for compressing the refrigerant with low power consumption at the low pressure ratio; at least one throttling valve connecting at the inlet side of heat exchanger in which liquid refrigerant is vaporized; a refrigerant circuit serially connecting the above elements; refrigerant in the circuit; a source of heat exchange fluid; heat exchange fluid circulating device and heat exchange fluid circuit for circulating the heat exchange fluid in heat exchange relationship with the refrigerant.

Ecker, Amir L. (Dallas, TX)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Demand Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in California Title Demand Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in California Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-4837E Year of Publication 2011 Authors Goli, Sasank, Aimee T. McKane, and Daniel Olsen Conference Name 2011 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry Date Published 08/2011 Conference Location Niagara Falls, NY Keywords market sectors, openadr, refrigerated warehouses Abstract Industrial refrigerated warehouses that implemented energy efficiency measures and have centralized control systems can be excellent candidates for Automated Demand Response (Auto-DR) due to equipment synergies, and receptivity of facility managers to strategies that control energy costs without disrupting facility operations. Auto-DR utilizes OpenADR protocol for continuous and open communication signals over internet, allowing facilities to automate their Demand Response (DR). Refrigerated warehouses were selected for research because: They have significant power demand especially during utility peak periods; most processes are not sensitive to short-term (2-4 hours) lower power and DR activities are often not disruptive to facility operations; the number of processes is limited and well understood; and past experience with some DR strategies successful in commercial buildings may apply to refrigerated warehouses. This paper presents an overview of the potential for load sheds and shifts from baseline electricity use in response to DR events, along with physical configurations and operating characteristics of refrigerated warehouses. Analysis of data from two case studies and nine facilities in Pacific Gas and Electric territory, confirmed the DR abilities inherent to refrigerated warehouses but showed significant variation across facilities. Further, while load from California's refrigerated warehouses in 2008 was 360 MW with estimated DR potential of 45-90 MW, actual achieved was much less due to low participation. Efforts to overcome barriers to increased participation may include, improved marketing and recruitment of potential DR sites, better alignment and emphasis on financial benefits of participation, and use of Auto-DR to increase consistency of participation.

493

Comparison of Test Procedures and Energy Efficiency Criteria in Selected International Standards and Labeling Programs for Clothes Washers, Water Dispensers, Vending Machines and CFLs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy labels for household clothes washers include the United States, Canada, Korea, the European Union, Australia and New Zealand, Japan,

Fridley, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

SectionILesson3SewingMachineCare Master Clothing Volunteer Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the activity using the following questions as guidelines: 1) Why is it necessary to clean and oil your sewing machine? 2) What types of oil can you use to oil your machine? 3) What are the steps to cleaning your-purpose oil. Use one drop of machine oil. Remove any excess oil with a soft cloth. Most moving parts need oil

495

L&E: Refrigerated Display Case | The Better Buildings Alliance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting & Electrical » Adopt the Lighting & Electrical » Adopt the refrigerated display case lighting performance specification and start saving on your case lighting costs Activities Technology Solutions Teams Lighting & Electrical Space Conditioning Plug & Process Loads Food Service Refrigeration Laboratories Energy Management & Information Systems Public Sector Teams Market Solutions Teams Adopt the refrigerated display case lighting performance specification and start saving on your case lighting costs The LED Refrigerated Display Case Lighting Specification delivers nearly 50% energy savings compared to typical display case lighting. If all retail refrigerated display cases switched today to LED systems, over 2.1 TWh of electricity could be saved annually. LED Refrigerated Display Case Lighting Specification

496

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or plastic food bags. All cheeses are perishable and should be stored in the refrigerator. If the outside in family size pieces and wrap in freezer-quality wrap and store in the freezer. Thaw in refrigerator

497

Mackle Company: Order (2010-SE-0106)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Mackle Company, Inc. to pay a $27,200 civil penalty after finding the company had failed to certify that a variety of refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

498

Departments of Central Receiving -Surplus Property Equipment Accountability Change Request (EACR) Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and radioactive material. SECTION 4 This EACR contains any of the following: Freezers, Refrigerators, a Freezer, Refrigerator, and Laboratory Equipment Declaration Form will be attached to this EACR. This form

499

To: University of Utah Research and Pharmaceutical Departments From: Michael Smith-Buyer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in refrigerators and freezers. The State of Utah's insurance carrier imposed specific loss prevention requirements departments when orders for new freezers and refrigerators are placed to make sure they know to protect

van den Berg, Jur

500

This report has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Techni-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. DOMESTIC REFRIGERATORS/FREEZERS ......... ......... 9 3.1 INTRODUCTION ......................... 9 3 TABLE OF REFRIGERANTS AND CHEMICAL SYMBOLS ............ xi ABBREVIATIONS, ACRONYMS, AND INITIALISMS 3.6 COMMENTS AND CAVEATS ................... 14 iii #12;4. HOUSEHOLD FREEZERS

Oak Ridge National Laboratory