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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Refrigerator Manufacturers: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5341)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Refrigerator Manufacturers, LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

2

Cospolich Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5314)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Cospolich Refrigerator Co, Inc. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

3

International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510) | Department  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510) International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510) International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510) July 9, 2012 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that International Refrigeration Products failed to certify a various room air conditioners as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510) More Documents & Publications

4

International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

International Refrigeration Products International Refrigeration Products (room air conditioners) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2012-CE-1510 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: July 9, 2012 Number of alleged violations: 5475 (365 days, 15 models) Maximum possible assessment: $1,095,000 Proposed civil penalty: $109,500 The U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") Office of the General Counsel, Office of Enforcement, alleges that International Refrigeration Products ("IRP") has violated cettain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. § 6291 et seq. ("the Act"), and 10 C.P.R. § 429.12. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. IRP has manufactured 1 a variety of Sea Breeze brand room air conditioners, including basic models WA46YR, WA48YRX, WA410YRX, WA412YRX, WH418ZRX,

5

North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) March 26, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that North Star Refrigerator Co., Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) More Documents & Publications

6

Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342) Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342) February 21, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing Company, LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342)

7

North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) March 26, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that North Star Refrigerator Co., Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) More Documents & Publications

8

Whirlpool: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-1420)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Whirlpool Corporation manufactured and distributed noncompliant refrigerator-freezers in the U.S.

9

Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0106) | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0106) Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0106) Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0106) June 14, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that The Mackle Company, Inc., sold and/or distributed noncompliant refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. The Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0106) More Documents & Publications Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2102) Mackle Company: Order (2010-SE-0106)

10

Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0106) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0106) Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0106) Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0106) June 14, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that The Mackle Company, Inc., sold and/or distributed noncompliant refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. The Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0106) More Documents & Publications Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2102) Mackle Company: Order (2010-SE-0106)

11

Absocold: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1212)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Absocold Corporation 1 Case Number: 201 0-CE- 12 12 Absocold Corporation 1 Case Number: 201 0-CE- 12 12 (Residential refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers) ) 1 1 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: September 8,20 10 Number of alleged violations: 13 Maximum possible assessment: $749,000 Proposed civil penalty: $75,920 The Office of the General Counsel of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) alleges that Absocold Corporation violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. 5 6201 et seq., 10 C.F.R. Part 430, or both. Specifically, DOE alleges: 3 1. Absocold Corporation manufactures or privately labels a variety of residential refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers, which it offers for distribution in commerce in the United States of America, including models:

12

Sanyo Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1210) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sanyo Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1210) Sanyo Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1210) Sanyo Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1210) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Sanyo Electric Co. failed to certify a variety of refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Sanyo Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1210) More Documents & Publications Hisense USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1211)

13

Hisense USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1211) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hisense USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1211) Hisense USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1211) Hisense USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1211) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Hisense USA Corp. failed to certify a variety of residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Hisense USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1211) More Documents & Publications Hisense USA: Order (2010-CE-1211)

14

Acme Kitchenettes: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1406) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1406) Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1406) Acme Kitchenettes: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1406) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Acme Kitchenettes Corp. failed to certify a variety of refrigerators as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Acme Kitchenettes: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1406) More Documents & Publications Acme Kitchenettes: Order (2011-CE-1406) Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2102)

15

DOE Resolves Avanti Refrigerator and Freezer Civil Penalty Case  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Today, the Department of Energy announced that it has resolved thecivil penalty action against Mackle Company for its failure to certify that refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers sold under the...

16

Minibar North America: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-14010)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Minibar North America, Inc. failed to certify a variety of refrigerators as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

17

Danby Products: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1415) | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Danby Products: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1415) Danby Products: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1415) Danby Products: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1415) July 9, 2012 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Danby Products, Inc. failed to certify refrigerators and freezers as compliant with the energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Danby Products: Penalty Notice (2012-CE-1415) More Documents & Publications Danby Products: Order (2012-CE-1415) Fagor America: Proposed Penalty (2013-CEW-19001)

18

Aucma Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1405) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1405) Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1405) Aucma Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1405) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Aucma Group (aka Qingdao Aucma Import and Export Co., Ltd.) failed to certify a variety of residential refrigerators and freezers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Aucma Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1405) More Documents & Publications Aucma Group: Withdrawal and Closure (2011-CE-1405)

19

Living Direct: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1904) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1904) Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1904) Living Direct: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1904) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Living Direct, Inc. failed to certify a variety of dishwashers, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Living Direct: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1904) More Documents & Publications Living Direct: Order (2011-CE-1904)

20

Midea: Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0110, 2012-SE-1402, 2012-SE-1404) |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0110, 2012-SE-1402, 2012-SE-1404) Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0110, 2012-SE-1402, 2012-SE-1404) Midea: Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0110, 2012-SE-1402, 2012-SE-1404) November 20, 2012 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Midea America Corp., Hefei Hualing Co., Ltd., and China Refrigeration Industry Co., Ltd. manufactured and distributed noncompliant refrigerator-freezers and freezers in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Midea: Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0110, 2012-SE-1402, 2012-SE-1404)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

R-Cold: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5354) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

R-Cold: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5354) R-Cold: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5354) R-Cold: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5354) March 26, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that R-Cold, Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. R-Cold: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5354) More Documents & Publications R-Cold: Order (2013-CE-5354) North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355)

22

Smeg USA: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-14/1909) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-14/1909) Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-14/1909) Smeg USA: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-14/1909) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Smeg USA, Inc. failed to certify a variety of dishwashers and refrigerators as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Smeg USA: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-14/1909) More Documents & Publications Smeg USA: Order (2011-CE-14/1909) Mitsubishi Electric: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-01/0202)

23

Elmira Stove Works: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1407) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1407) Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1407) Elmira Stove Works: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1407) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Elmira Stove Works failed to certify refrigerator-freezers as compliant with the energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Elmira Stove Works: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1407) More Documents & Publications Elmira Stove Works: Order (2011-CE-1407) Living Direct: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1904)

24

Lutron Electronics: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-3796)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Lutron Electronics Co., Inc. manufactured and distributed noncompliant class A external power supplies in the U.S.

25

Heat Controller: Proposed Penalty (2014-SE-15004)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Heat Controller, Inc. privately labeled and distributed noncompliant room air conditioners in the U.S.

26

Perlick: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-14002) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Civil Penalty that Perlick Corporation manufactured and distributed noncompliant refrigerator basic model HP48RR in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private...

27

Trastar: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-49003) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-49003) Trastar: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-49003) July 23, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Trastar Inc. failed to certify a...

28

Polar King: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5328)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Polar King International Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

29

Commercial Cooler: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5343)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Commercial Cooler, Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

30

Fagor America: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-14/1908) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1-CE-14/1908) 1-CE-14/1908) Fagor America: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-14/1908) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Fagor America, Inc. failed to certify a variety of refrigerators and dishwashers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Fagor America: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-14/1908) More Documents & Publications Fagor America: Order (2011-CE-14/1908) Fagor America: Proposed Penalty (2013-CEW-19001)

31

Allen Co: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-0715) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Allen Co: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-0715) Allen Co: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-0715) Allen Co: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-0715) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Allen Co. failed to certify a variety of faucets as compliant with the applicable water conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable water conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Allen Co: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-0715) More Documents & Publications Afeel: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-07/1414) Averen: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-0711) Amerisink: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-0710

32

Imperial Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5322) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5322) Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5322) Imperial Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5322) January 31, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Imperial Manufacturing, Inc. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Imperial Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5322) More Documents & Publications Imperial Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5322)

33

Unionaire Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1508) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unionaire Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1508) Unionaire Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1508) Unionaire Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1508) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Unionaire Group failed to certify room air conditioners as compliant with the energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Unionaire Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1508) More Documents & Publications Airwell Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1505) Crosley Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1506

34

GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) March 5, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that General Electric Lighting Solutions manufactured and distributed noncompliant traffic signal modules in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) More Documents & Publications Act One: NPCP (2013-CE-49001) Excellence Opto: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-49002)

35

GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) March 5, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that General Electric Lighting Solutions manufactured and distributed noncompliant traffic signal modules in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. GE Lighting Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4901) More Documents & Publications Watermark: Proposed Penalty (2011-SW-2908) Act One: NPCP (2013-CE-49001)

36

Hicon: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-1426) | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hicon: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-1426) Hicon: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-1426) Hicon: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-1426) July 8, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Ningbo Hicon International Industry Company, Ltd. manufactured and distributed noncompliant freezer basic model BD-200 in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Hicon: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-1426) More Documents & Publications Hicon: Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-1426) Hicon: Order (2013-SE-1426) Haier: Proposed Penalty

37

Watermark: Proposed Penalty (2011-SW-2908) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2011-SW-2908) Proposed Penalty (2011-SW-2908) Watermark: Proposed Penalty (2011-SW-2908) May 10, 2012 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Watermark Designs, Ltd. manufactured and distributed noncompliant showerhead basic model SH-FAL90 in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable water conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Watermark: Proposed Penalty (2011-SW-2908) More Documents & Publications Watermark: Order (2011-SW-2908) Watermark: Noncompliance Determination (2011-SW-2908) ET Industries: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-2902

38

Goodman Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1509)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Company, Company, L.P. (room air conditioners) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2012-CE-1509 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: July 9, 2012 Number of alleged violations: 2920 (365 days, 8 models) Maximum possible assessment: $584,000 Proposed civil penalty: $58,400 The U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") Office of the General Counsel, Office of Enforcement, alleges that Goodman Manufacturing Company, L.P. ("Goodman") has violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. § 6291 et seq. ("the Act"), and 10 C.F.R. § 429.12. Specifically, DOE alleges: I. Goodman has manufactured 1 a variety of Amana brand room air conditioners, including basic models PBC092EOOBXAA, PBC093EOOBXAA, PBCI22EOOBXAA,

39

Manitowoc Foodservice: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-5309)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manitowoc Foodservice Manitowoc Foodservice (walk-in coolers and walk-in freezers) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2012-CE-5309 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: July 11, 2012 Number of alleged violations: 5 (285 days, 5 models) Maximum possible assessment: $285,000 Proposed civil penalty: $28,500 The U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") Office of the General Counsel, Office of Enforcement, alleges that Manitowoc F oodservice has violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. § 6291 et seq. ("the Act"), and 10 C.P.R.§ 429.12. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. Manitowoc Foodservice has manufactured a variety of walk-in coolers and freezers (WICFs) and their components. 2. Manitowoc Foodservice has distributed for at least 285 days, and continues to distribute,

40

Sunpentown: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1505)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sunpentown International Inc. Sunpentown International Inc. (room air conditioners) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2012-CE-1505 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: July 9, 2012 Number of alleged violations: 608 (152 days; 4 models) Maximum possible assessment: $121,600 Proposed civil penalty: $30,400 The U.S. Depatiment of Energy ("DOE") Office of the General Counsel, Office of Enforcement, alleges that Sunpentown International Inc. ("SPT") has violated cetiain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S. C.§ 6291 et seq. ("the Act"), and 10 C.P.R.§ 429.12. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. SPT has manufactured 1 a variety of room air conditioners, including basic models W A- 1811S, WA-1511S, WA-2211S and WA-2511S. 2. SPT has distributed for over 152 days, and continues to distribute, basic models W A-

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Electrolux: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1901)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electrolux North America Electrolux North America (dishwashers) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2012-CE-1901 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: June 27,2012 Number of alleged violations: 768 (1 basic model; 768 days) Maximum possible assessment: $151,640 Proposed civil penalty: $15,164 The U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") Office of the General Counsel, Office of Enforcement, alleges that Electrolux North America ("Electrolux") has violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. § 6291 et seq. ("the Act"), and DOE's cetiification regulations. 1 Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. Electrolux manufactmes and has manufactmed a variety of dishwashers, including basic model EIDW 6305*** . 2 2. Basic model EIDW 6305*** is a "covered product" as defined in 10 C.P.R.§ 430.2.

42

Royal Centurion: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-3608)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Royal Centurion, Inc. Royal Centurion, Inc. ( dchum idifiers) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2012-CE-3608 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: August 29, 2012 Number of alleged violations: 730 (2 basic models; 365 days) Maximum possible assessment: $146,000 Proposed civil penalty: $14,600 The U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") Office of the General Counsel, Office of Enforcement, alleges that Royal Centurion, Inc. ("Royal Centurion") has violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. § 6291 er seq. ("the Act"), and 10 C.P.R. § 429.12. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. Royal Centurion has manufactured 1 a variety of dehumidifiers, including basic models BDH-550 and BDH-450. 2. Royal Centurion has distributed for at least 365 days/ and continues to distribute, basic

43

Schott Gemtron: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5358) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5358) Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5358) Schott Gemtron: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5358) March 26, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Schott Gemtron Corp. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer doors as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Schott Gemtron: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5358) More Documents & Publications Schott Gemtron: Order (2013-CE-5358) R-Cold: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5354)

44

GE Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2113) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GE Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2113) GE Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2113) GE Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2113) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that General Electric Appliances failed to certify a variety of dehumidifiers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. GE Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2113) More Documents & Publications De'Longhi USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2114)

45

Satco: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2702) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2702) Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2702) Satco: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2702) Januray 30, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Satco Products, Inc. failed to certify a variety of general service fluorescent lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Satco: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2702) More Documents & Publications Satco: Order (2013-CE-2702) PQL: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-27001)

46

Stiebel Eltron: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1711) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stiebel Eltron: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1711) Stiebel Eltron: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1711) Stiebel Eltron: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1711) September 7, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Stiebel Eltron, Inc. failed to certify a variety of water heaters as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Stiebel Eltron: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1711) More Documents & Publications Stiebel Eltron: Order (2010-CE-1711) Sanyo Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1210)

47

Neptun Light: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-3504) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Neptun Light: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-3504) Neptun Light: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-3504) Neptun Light: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-3504) May 2, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Neptun Light, Inc. failed to certify a variety of medium base compact fluorescent lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Neptun Light: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-3504) More Documents & Publications Neptun Light: Order (2012-SE-3504) Excellence Opto: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-49002)

48

Sylvania: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2603) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sylvania: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2603) Sylvania: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2603) Sylvania: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2603) February 27, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Osram Sylvania Inc. failed to certify a variety of general service fluorescent lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Sylvania: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2603) More Documents & Publications Sylvania: Order (2013-CE-2603) PQL: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-27001)

49

AM Conservation: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1415) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AM Conservation: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1415) AM Conservation: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1415) AM Conservation: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1415) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that AM Conservation Group, Inc. failed to certify a variety of showerheads as compliant with the applicable water conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable water conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. AM Conservation: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1415) More Documents & Publications Afeel: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-07/1414)

50

Barclay Products: Proposed Penalty (2013-CW-3005) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Barclay Products: Proposed Penalty (2013-CW-3005) Barclay Products: Proposed Penalty (2013-CW-3005) Barclay Products: Proposed Penalty (2013-CW-3005) February 7, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Barclay Products, Ltd. failed to certify a variety of water closets as compliant with the applicable water conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable water conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Barclay Products: Proposed Penalty (2013-CW-3005) More Documents & Publications Barclay Products: Order (2013-CW-3005) Fagor America: Proposed Penalty (2013-CEW-19001)

51

Custom Coolers: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5315) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5315) Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5315) Custom Coolers: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5315) January 31, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Custom Coolers, LLC, failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer (WICF) components as compliant with the energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Custom Coolers: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5315) More Documents & Publications Custom Coolers: Order (2013-CE-5315) Imperial Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5322)

52

Quietside Corp: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1710) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quietside Corp: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1710) Quietside Corp: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1710) Quietside Corp: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1710) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Quietside Corporation failed to certify a variety of water heaters as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Quietside Corp: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1710) More Documents & Publications Quietside Corp: Order (2010-CE-1710) Sanyo Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1210)

53

Sylvane: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-36005) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sylvane: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-36005) Sylvane: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-36005) Sylvane: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-36005) October 16, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Sylvane, Inc. failed to certify at least two dehumidifier basic models under the PrimeAire brand as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Sylvane: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-36005) More Documents & Publications Sylvane: Order (2013-CE-36005) R-Cold: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5354)

54

Trojan: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2704) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Trojan: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2704) Trojan: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2704) Trojan: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2704) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Trojan, Inc. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Trojan: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2704) More Documents & Publications Trojan: Order (2011-CE-2704) Turolight: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2705)

55

American Valve: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1411) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

American Valve: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1411) American Valve: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1411) American Valve: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1411) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that American Valve, Inc. failed to certify a variety of showerheads as compliant with the applicable water conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable water conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. American Valve: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1411) More Documents & Publications American Valve: Order (2010-CW-1411) Afeel: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-07/1414)

56

Southeast Cooler: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5331) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5331) Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5331) Southeast Cooler: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5331) January 31, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Southeast Cooler Corp. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Southeast Cooler: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5331) More Documents & Publications Southeast Cooler: Order (2013-CE-5331) Dade Engineering: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5316)

57

Topstar: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2703) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Topstar: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2703) Topstar: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2703) Topstar: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2703) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Topstar International, Inc. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Topstar: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2703) More Documents & Publications Topstar International: Order (2011-CE-2703) Turolight: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2705)

58

Sylvane: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-36005) | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-36005) Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-36005) Sylvane: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-36005) October 16, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Sylvane, Inc. failed to certify at least two dehumidifier basic models under the PrimeAire brand as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Sylvane: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-36005) More Documents & Publications Sylvane: Order (2013-CE-36005) R-Cold: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5354)

59

Keystone: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2601) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Keystone: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2601) Keystone: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2601) Keystone: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2601) February 7, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Keystone Technologies, LLC failed to certify a variety of fluorescent lamp ballasts as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Keystone: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2601) More Documents & Publications Keystone: Order (2013-CE-2601) Basement Systems: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2110)

60

BSH: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2001) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BSH: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2001) BSH: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2001) BSH: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2001) April 2, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that BSH Home Appliances Corp. failed to certify a variety of residential clothes washers as compliant with the applicable energy/water conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy/water conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. BSH: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-2001) More Documents & Publications BSH: Order (2013-CE-2001) Fagor America: Proposed Penalty (2013-CEW-19001)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Leotek: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-4903) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leotek: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-4903) Leotek: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-4903) Leotek: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-4903) July 30, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Leotek Electronics USA Corp. failed to certify a variety of traffic signal modules and pedestrian modules as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Leotek: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-4903) More Documents & Publications Leotek: Order (2013-CE-4903) Excellence Opto: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-49002)

62

American Power: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0911) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

American Power: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0911) American Power: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0911) American Power: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0911) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that American Power Solutions, Inc. failed to certify a general service fluorescent lamp as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. American Power: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0911) More Documents & Publications Engineered Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2112)

63

USA Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5336) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5336) Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5336) USA Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5336) January 31, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that USA Manufacturing failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. USA Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5336) More Documents & Publications USA Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5336) Amerikooler: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5307)

64

Paragon Sales: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1417) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Paragon Sales: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1417) Paragon Sales: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1417) Paragon Sales: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1417) July 9, 2012 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Paragon Sales Co., Inc., failed to certify certain Liebherr residential freezers as compliant with the energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Paragon Sales: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1417) More Documents & Publications Paragon Sales: Order (2012-CE-1417) American Standard: Proposed Penalty (2013-CW-3001)

65

Engineered Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2112) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Engineered Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2112) Engineered Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2112) Engineered Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2112) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Engineered Solutions, Inc. failed to certify a dehumidifier as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Engineered Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2112) More Documents & Publications Basement Systems: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2110)

66

AGA Marvel: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1905) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1905) Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1905) AGA Marvel: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1905) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that AGA Marvel (also AGA Heartland and Northland Corp.) failed to certify a variety of dishwashers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. AGA Marvel: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1905) More Documents & Publications AGA Marvel: Order (2011-CE-1905) Smeg USA: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-14/1909)

67

Crosley Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1506) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1506) Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1506) Crosley Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1506) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Crosley Group failed to certify a variety of room air conditioners as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Crosley Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1506) More Documents & Publications Crosley Group: Order (2011-CE-1506) Airwell Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1505)

68

Basement Systems: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2110) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Basement Systems: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2110) Basement Systems: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2110) Basement Systems: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2110) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Basement Systems, Inc. failed to certify a variety of dehumidifier as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Basement Systems: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2110) More Documents & Publications De'Longhi USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2114)

69

Paragon Sales: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1417) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Paragon Sales: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1417) Paragon Sales: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1417) Paragon Sales: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1417) July 9, 2012 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Paragon Sales Co., Inc., failed to certify certain Liebherr residential freezers as compliant with the energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Paragon Sales: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1417) More Documents & Publications Paragon Sales: Order (2012-CE-1417) American Standard: Proposed Penalty (2013-CW-3001)

70

Engineered Products: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-5401) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-5401) Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-5401) Engineered Products: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-5401) July 19, 2012 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Engineered Products Company manufactured/privately-labeled and distributed a number of units of noncompliant basic model 15701, a metal halide lamp fixture with a magnetic probe-start ballast in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Engineered Products: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-5401) More Documents & Publications

71

Simkar: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-5408) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Simkar: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-5408) Simkar: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-5408) Simkar: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-5408) November 21, 2012 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Simkar Corporation manufactured and distributed noncompliant probe-start and pulse-start basic model metal halide lamp fixtures in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Simkar: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-5408) More Documents & Publications Simkar: Noncompliance Determination (2012-SE-5408) Simkar: Order (2012-SE-5408)

72

Teddico: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-5409) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-5409) Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-5409) Teddico: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-5409) November 21, 2012 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that The Electrical Design, Development and Implementation Company d/b/a Teddico manufactured and distributed noncompliant metal halide lamp fixtures with magnetic probe-start ballasts in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Teddico: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-5409) More Documents & Publications Teddico: Noncompliance Determination (2012-SE-5409)

73

Goodman Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2011-SE-4301) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2011-SE-4301) Proposed Penalty (2011-SE-4301) Goodman Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2011-SE-4301) December 2, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Goodman Manufacturing manufactured and distributed noncompliant basic model CPC180* commercial package air conditioners in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Goodman Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2011-SE-4301) More Documents & Publications Goodman Manufacturing: Noncompliance Determination (2011-SE-4301)

74

Central Moloney: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4702) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4702) Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4702) Central Moloney: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4702) March 20, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Central Moloney, Inc. manufactured and distributed a variety of noncompliant liquid-immersed distribution transformers in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Central Moloney: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-4702) More Documents & Publications Central Moloney: Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-4702) Central Moloney: Order (2013-SE-4702)

75

Philips: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-2605) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-2605) Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-2605) Philips: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-2605) November 29, 2012 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Philips Lighting Electronics N. A. manufactured and distributed noncompliant fluorescent lamp ballast basic model VEL-1S40-SC in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Philips: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-2605) More Documents & Publications Philips: Noncompliance Determination (2012-SE-2605) Philips: Order (2012-SE-2605)

76

Danby Products: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1503) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Danby Products: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1503) Danby Products: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1503) Danby Products: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1503) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Danby Products, Inc., failed to certify room air conditioners as compliant with the energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Danby Products: Penalty Notice (2011-CE-1503) More Documents & Publications Danby Products: Order (2011-CE-1503) Sunpentown: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1504)

77

CNA: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-1430) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CNA: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-1430) CNA: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-1430) CNA: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-1430) September 24, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that CNA International, Inc., d/b/a MC Appliance Corp. privately labeled and distributed noncompliant freezer Magic Chef model number HMCF7W in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. CNA: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-1430) More Documents & Publications CNA: Noncompliance Determination (2013-SE-1430) CNA: Compromise Agreement (2013-SE-1430)

78

Zoe Industries: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1405) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1405) Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1405) Zoe Industries: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1405) Zoe Industries, Inc., DOE Case Number: 2010-CW-1405, Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty DOE alleged that manufacturer failed to certify that each basic model of "covered products" meets the applicable water conservation standard as required by 10 C.F.R. section 430.62 and that manufacturer failed to submit a compliance statement and certification report to the DOE for each basic model of "covered products" as required by 10 C.F.R. section 430.62. In the Matter of Zoe Industries, Inc., DOE Case Number: 2010-CW-1405, Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty More Documents & Publications Hayward Industries: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1110) Hudson-Reed: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1403)

79

Nationwide Industries: Proposed Penalty (2011-CW-2803) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nationwide Industries: Proposed Penalty (2011-CW-2803) Nationwide Industries: Proposed Penalty (2011-CW-2803) Nationwide Industries: Proposed Penalty (2011-CW-2803) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Nationwide Industries, Inc. d/b/a Banner Faucets failed to certify a variety of faucets and showerheads as compliant with the applicable water conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable water conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Nationwide Industries: Proposed Penalty (2011-CW-2803) More Documents & Publications

80

Thermo Products: Proposed Penalty (2011-SE-1603) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermo Products: Proposed Penalty (2011-SE-1603) Thermo Products: Proposed Penalty (2011-SE-1603) Thermo Products: Proposed Penalty (2011-SE-1603) September 28, 2011 DOE issued this Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty Notice to Thermo Products, LLC, alleging that the company certified several models of residential air conditioning heat pumps without performing testing required by DOE regulations. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Thermo Products: Proposed Penalty (2011-SE-1603) More Documents & Publications

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Anthony International: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5357) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Anthony International: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5357) Anthony International: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5357) Anthony International: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5357) March 26, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Anthony International failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Anthony International: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5357) More Documents & Publications Anthony International: Order (2013-CE-5357)

82

Diversified Panels Systems: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5346) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Diversified Panels Systems: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5346) Diversified Panels Systems: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5346) Diversified Panels Systems: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5346) February 21, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Diversified Panels Systems, Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Diversified Panels Systems: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5346) More Documents & Publications

83

Commercial Cooling Par Engineering: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5312) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5312) Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5312) Commercial Cooling Par Engineering: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5312) January 31, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Commercial Cooling Par Engineering failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Commercial Cooling Par Engineering: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5312) More Documents & Publications Commercial Cooling Par Engineering: Order (2013-CE-5312)

84

General Restaurant Equipment: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5344) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5344) Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5344) General Restaurant Equipment: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5344) February 21, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that General Restaurant Equipment Co. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. General Restaurant Equipment: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5344) More Documents & Publications

85

Royal Pacific: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-33004) | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-33004) Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-33004) Royal Pacific: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-33004) July 5, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Royal Pacific, Ltd. failed to certify ceiling fans, ceiling fan light kits, medium base compact fluorescent lamps, and illuminated exit signs as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Royal Pacific: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-33004) More Documents & Publications

86

Commercial Display Systems: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5350) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Display Systems: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5350) Display Systems: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5350) Commercial Display Systems: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5350) February 21, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Commercial Display Systems, LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Commercial Display Systems: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5350) More Documents & Publications

87

Hayward Industries: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1110) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hayward Industries: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1110) Hayward Industries: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1110) Hayward Industries: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1110) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Hayward Industries, Inc. failed to certify a variety of pool heaters as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Hayward Industries: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1110) More Documents & Publications Hayward Industries: Order (2010-CE-1110)

88

Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2102) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2102) Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2102) Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2102) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that The Mackle Company, Inc. failed to certify a variety of residential clothes dryers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2102) More Documents & Publications Mackle Company: Order (2011-CE-2102)

89

American Cooler Technologies: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5305) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cooler Technologies: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5305) Cooler Technologies: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5305) American Cooler Technologies: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5305) January 31, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that American Cooler Technologies failed to certify walk-in coolers and freezers as compliant with the energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. American Cooler Technologies: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5305) More Documents & Publications American Cooler Technologies: Order (2013-CE-5305)

90

Advance Energy Technologies: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5302) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5302) Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5302) Advance Energy Technologies: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5302) January 31, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Advance Energy Technologies, Inc. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer (WICFs) components as compliant with the energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Advance Energy Technologies: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5302) More Documents & Publications Advance Energy Technologies: Order (2013-CE-5302)

91

Golden Cooler: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5345) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Golden Cooler: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5345) Golden Cooler: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5345) Golden Cooler: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5345) February 21, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Golden Cooler failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Golden Cooler: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5345) More Documents & Publications Golden Cooler: Order (2013-CE-5345)

92

Airwell Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1505) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Airwell Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1505) Airwell Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1505) Airwell Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1505) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Airwell Group failed to certify a variety of Fedders brand room air conditioners as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Airwell Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1505) More Documents & Publications Airwell-Fedders: Order (2011-CE-1505)

93

Lumiram Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1014) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lumiram Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1014) Lumiram Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1014) Lumiram Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1014) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Lumiram Electric Corporation failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Lumiram Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1014) More Documents & Publications Lumiram Electric: Order (2010-CE-1014)

94

Heat Controller: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1507) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Heat Controller: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1507) Heat Controller: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1507) Heat Controller: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1507) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Heat Controller, Inc. failed to certify a variety of room air conditioners as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Heat Controller: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1507) More Documents & Publications Heat Controller: Order (2011-CE-1507)

95

Artisan Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-0712) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Artisan Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-0712) Artisan Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-0712) Artisan Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-0712) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Artisan Manufacturing Company, Inc. failed to certify a variety of faucets as compliant with the applicable water conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable water conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Artisan Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-0712) More Documents & Publications Artisan Manufacturing: Order (2010-CW-0712)

96

Kingspan Insulated Panels: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5353) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kingspan Insulated Panels: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5353) Kingspan Insulated Panels: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5353) Kingspan Insulated Panels: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5353) March 26, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Kingspan Insulated Panels, Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Kingspan Insulated Panels: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5353) More Documents & Publications

97

Midea Washing Appliance: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1903) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1903) Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1903) Midea Washing Appliance: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1903) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Midea Washing Appliances Mfg. Co., Ltd. failed to certify a variety of dishwashers as compliant with the applicable water and energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable water and energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Midea: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1903) More Documents & Publications Midea Washing Appliance: Order (2011-CE-1903)

98

Watermark Designs: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1404) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Watermark Designs: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1404) Watermark Designs: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1404) Watermark Designs: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1404) January 25, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Watermark Designs Holdings, Ltd. d/b/a/ Watermark Designs, Ltd. failed to certify various showerheads as compliant with the applicable water conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable [energy/water/both] conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Watermark Designs: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1404) More Documents & Publications

99

DOE Publishes Supplemental Proposed Determination for Miscellaneous Residential Refrigeration Products  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy has published a supplemental proposed determination regarding miscellaneous residential refrigeration products.

100

Euro Chef USA: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-23004)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Euro Chef USA Inc. failed to certify cooking products as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Ramblewood Green: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-23017) | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

July 23, 2014 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Ramblewood Green Ltd. failed to certify cooking products as compliant with the applicable energy...

102

Haier: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2104) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CE-2104) CE-2104) Haier: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2104) June 1, 2012 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Haier America Trading LLC failed to certify various residential clothes dryers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Haier: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2104) More Documents & Publications Haier: Order (2011-CE-2104) Haier: Proposed Penalty (2011-SE-1408) Haier: Noncompliance Determination (2011-SE-142

103

YMGI: Proposed Penalty (2011-SCE-1605) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

YMGI: Proposed Penalty (2011-SCE-1605) YMGI: Proposed Penalty (2011-SCE-1605) YMGI: Proposed Penalty (2011-SCE-1605) October 11, 2012 DOE issued a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty to YMGI Group, LLC, alleging YMGI (1) distributed in commerce noncompliant through-the-wall split system central air conditioner model TTWC-18K-31B; and (2) distributed in commerce 16 basic models of through-the-wall split system central air conditioners without first certifying the models to DOE as compliant with applicable DOE energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a

104

YMGI: Proposed Penalty (2011-SCE-1605) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

YMGI: Proposed Penalty (2011-SCE-1605) YMGI: Proposed Penalty (2011-SCE-1605) YMGI: Proposed Penalty (2011-SCE-1605) October 11, 2012 DOE issued a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty to YMGI Group, LLC, alleging YMGI (1) distributed in commerce noncompliant through-the-wall split system central air conditioner model TTWC-18K-31B; and (2) distributed in commerce 16 basic models of through-the-wall split system central air conditioners without first certifying the models to DOE as compliant with applicable DOE energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a

105

Air-Con International: Noncompliance Determination and Proposed Penalty  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Con International: Noncompliance Determination and Proposed Con International: Noncompliance Determination and Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0301) Air-Con International: Noncompliance Determination and Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0301) September 20, 2010 DOE issued a Notice of Noncompliance Determination to Air-Con International finding that a variety of central air conditioners and air conditioning heat pumps distributed under the Air-Con private label do not comport with the energy conservation standards. DOE also alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Air-Con imported and distributed the noncompliant products in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This

106

Minka-Aire: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-32018)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Minka Lighting Inc. failed to certify a variety of ceiling fans as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

107

ASKO Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-19/2004)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that ASKO Appliances, Inc. failed to certify residential clothes washers and dishwashers as compliant with the applicable energy and water conservation standards.

108

K.Grill: Proposed Penalty (2011-SW-2902) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

K.Grill: Proposed Penalty (2011-SW-2902) K.Grill: Proposed Penalty (2011-SW-2902) K.Grill: Proposed Penalty (2011-SW-2902) June 10, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Kenneth Grill manufactured and distributed noncompliant showerheads in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable water conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. K.Grill: Proposed Penalty (2011-SW-2902) More Documents & Publications K.Grill: Order (2011-SW-2902) Mackle Company: Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0106) Nationwide Industries: Proposed Penalty (2011-CW-2803

109

HKC-US: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-33002) | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-33002) Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-33002) HKC-US: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-33002) July 11, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that HKC-US, LLC failed to certify a ceiling fan light kit as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. HKC-US: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-33002) More Documents & Publications HKC-US: Order (2013-SE-33002) Royal Pacific: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-33004) Excellence Opto: Proposed Penalty

110

DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators September 28, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced the release of a new proposed energy efficiency standard for residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers. The standard, as proposed, could save consumers as much as $18.6 billion over thirty years. The Obama Administration has made efficiency standards a major priority as a way to save energy and money for American families and businesses. Since January 2009, the Department of Energy has finalized new efficiency standards for more than twenty household and commercial products, which will cumulatively save consumers between $250 billion and

111

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE PROPOSED ENERGY CONSERVATION STANDARD FOR REFRIGERATORS, REFRIGERATOR-  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ASSESSMENT FOR THE PROPOSED ENERGY ASSESSMENT FOR THE PROPOSED ENERGY CONSERVATION STANDARD FOR REFRIGERATORS, REFRIGERATOR- , AND FREEZERS - 1. INTRODUCTION AND NEED FOR PROPOSED ACTION ental Assessment (EA) on the candidate energy conservation stand licy Act. of 1969 (NEPA), regulations of the Council on Environmentd Qu refrigerators, re€iigerator-freezers, and freezers was prepared pursuant to the National ' ederal Regulations, Parts 1500 through. 1508. The proposed energy conservation standard (Level 1) and the alternative standards are being reviewed in an energy- efficiency standards rulemaking that the Department has undertaken pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended by the National Energy Conservation Policy Act and the National Appliance Energy Consehation Act

112

Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342) Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342) Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342) April 25, 2013 DOE ordered Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing Company, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards. The Order adopted a Compromise Agreement, which reflected settlement terms between DOE and Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing. Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342) More Documents & Publications Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342) North Star Refrigerator: Order (2013-CE-5355) Schott Gemtron: Order (2013-CE-5358

113

Aero-Tech: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1012) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Aero-Tech: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1012) Aero-Tech: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1012) Aero-Tech: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1012) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Aero-Tech: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1012) More Documents & Publications Aero-Tech: Order (2010-CE-1012) Westland Sales: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-03/0411)

114

De'Longhi USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2114) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

De'Longhi USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2114) De'Longhi USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2114) De'Longhi USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2114) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that De'Longhi USA, Inc. failed to certify a variety of dehumidifiers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. De'Longhi USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2114) More Documents & Publications De'Longhi USA: Order (2010-CE-2114) Basement Systems: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2110)

115

EiKO: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2702) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EiKO: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2702) EiKO: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2702) EiKO: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2702) April 22, 2011 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that EiKO Ltd. - North America failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. EiKO: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2702) More Documents & Publications EiKO: Order (2011-CE-2702) Turolight: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2705)

116

Westland Sales: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-03/0411) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-03/0411) Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-03/0411) Westland Sales: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-03/0411) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Westland Sales failed to certify several models of residential clothes washers and clothes dryers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Westland Sales: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-03/0411) More Documents & Publications ASKO Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-04/0614)

117

Ingersoll-Rand: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-1608) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ingersoll-Rand: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-1608) Ingersoll-Rand: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-1608) Ingersoll-Rand: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-1608) February 27, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Ingersoll-Rand manufactured and distributed a noncompliant basic model 2TTA0060A4000C central air conditioner in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties if those parties distribute in the U.S. products that do not meet applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Ingersoll-Rand: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-1608) More Documents & Publications Ingersoll-Rand: Order (2012-SE-1608) WA_01_034_INGERSOLL-RAND_ENERGY_SYSTEMS_Waiver_of_Domestic_a.pdf

118

Sanden Vendo America: Proposed Penalty (2014-SE-52002) | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and distributed noncompliant Class A refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machine model Vue30 (with 1128127 cassette refrigeration deck) in the U.S. Federal law...

119

Westland Sales: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-03/0411) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Westland Sales: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-03/0411) Westland Sales: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-03/0411) Westland Sales: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-03/0411) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Westland Sales failed to certify several models of residential clothes washers and clothes dryers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Westland Sales: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-03/0411) More Documents & Publications Westland Sales: Order (2010-CE-03/0411)

120

Mitsubishi Electric: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-01/0202) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mitsubishi Electric: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-01/0202) Mitsubishi Electric: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-01/0202) Mitsubishi Electric: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-01/0202) April 19, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Mitsubishi Electric & Electronics USA, Inc. failed to certify residential central air conditioners and central air conditioning heat pumps as compliant with the energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Mitsubishi Electric: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-01/0202)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

EZ-Flo International: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1401) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EZ-Flo International: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1401) EZ-Flo International: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1401) EZ-Flo International: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1401) January 25, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that EZ-Flo International, Inc. failed to certify its showerheads as compliant with the applicable water conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable water conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. EZ-Flo International: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1401) More Documents & Publications EZ-FLO International: Order (2010-CW-1401)

122

Westinghouse Lighting: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-09/1001) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Westinghouse Lighting: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-09/1001) Westinghouse Lighting: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-09/1001) Westinghouse Lighting: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-09/1001) April 19, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Westinghouse Lighting Corporation failed to certify various flourescent and incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Westinghouse Lighting: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-09/1001) More Documents & Publications

123

DuraLamp USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0912) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DuraLamp USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0912) DuraLamp USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0912) DuraLamp USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0912) September 9, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that DuraLamp USA, Inc. failed to certify a variety of general service fluorescent lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. DuraLamp USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-0912) More Documents & Publications DuraLamp USA: Order (2010-CE-0912)

124

Hudson-Reed: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1403) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hudson-Reed: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1403) Hudson-Reed: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1403) Hudson-Reed: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1403) March 2, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Hudson-Reed Limited failed to certify its showerheads as compliant with the water conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable water conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Hudson-Reed: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1403) More Documents & Publications Hudson-Reed: Order (2010-CW-1403) Hudson-Reed: Data Request (2010-CW-1403) Hudson-Reed: Noncompliance Determination (2011-SW-2909

125

Jandy Pool Products: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1111) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jandy Pool Products: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1111) Jandy Pool Products: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1111) Jandy Pool Products: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1111) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Jandy Pool Products, Inc. failed to certify a variety of pool heaters as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Jandy Pool Products: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1111) More Documents & Publications Jandy Pool Products: Order (2010-CE-1111)

126

AeroSys: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-01/0201) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AeroSys: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-01/0201) AeroSys: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-01/0201) AeroSys: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-01/0201) March 2, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that AeroSys, Inc. failed to certify residential central air conditioners and air conditioning heat pumps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. AeroSys: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-01/0201) More Documents & Publications AeroSys: Order (2010-CE-01/0201 and 2010-SE-0302)

127

Nordyne: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-01/0210) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Nordyne, LLC dba Garrison Heating and Cooling Products failed to certify various residential central air conditioners and central air...

128

Preliminary Notice of Violation and Proposed Imposition of Civil Penalty  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4, 2003 4, 2003 Mr. Philip O. Strawbridge BNFL Inc. 10306 Eaton Place Fairfax, VA 22030 EA 2003-01 Subject: Preliminary Notice of Violation and Proposed Imposition of Civil Penalty $123,750 Dear Mr. Strawbridge: This letter refers to the Department of Energy's (DOE) investigation of the facts and circumstances concerning quality assurance issues affecting nuclear safety surrounding the July 25, 2001, and June 27, 2002, tube bundle fires at the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) during converter dismantlement activities. The DOE Office of Price-Anderson Enforcement (OE) initiated investigations of these tube bundle fires with a full review of relevant documentation. In addition, discussions that involved DOE and BNFL, Inc. personnel took place at ETTP on March 12-13, 2002,

129

LG: Proposed Penalty (2014-SE-15011) | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Penalty that LG Electronics USA, Inc. manufactured and distributed noncompliant room air conditioner basic model LT143CNR in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and...

130

AeroSys: Proposed Penalty (2011-SCE-1624) | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proposed Penalty (2011-SCE-1624) Proposed Penalty (2011-SCE-1624) AeroSys: Proposed Penalty (2011-SCE-1624) September 30, 2013 DOE alleged in an Amended Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty (NPCP) that AeroSys, Inc. failed to certify various basic models of space-constrained central air conditioners and air conditioning heat pumps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE also alleged in the NPCP that AeroSys, Inc. manufactured and distributed in the U.S. noncompliant space-constrained central air conditioners and air conditioning heat pumps. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private labelers to civil penalties

131

DOE Publishes Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Test Procedure  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy has published a notice of proposed rulemaking regarding test procedures for commercial refrigeration equipment.

132

International Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510) July 20, 2012 DOE ordered International Refrigeration Products to pay an 8,000 civil penalty after finding International Refrigeration had...

133

Potential of the tractor-trailer and container segments as entry markets for a proposed refrigeration technology  

SciTech Connect

The refrigerated trailer and container segments of the transportation industry are evaluated as potential entry markets for a proposed absorption refrigeration technology. To perform this analysis the existing transportation refrigeration industry is characterized; this includes a description of the current refrigeration technology, rating systems, equipment manufacturers, maintenance requirements, and sales trends. This information indicates that the current transportation refrigeration industry is composed of two major competitors, Thermo King and Carrier. In addition, it has low profit potential, some barriers to entry and low growth potential. Data are also presented that characterize the transportation refrigeration consumers, specifically, major groups, market segmentation, consumer decision process, and buying criteria. This consumer information indicates that the majority of refrigerated trailer consumers are private carriers, and that the majority of refrigerated container consumers are shipping companies. Also, these consumers are primarily interested in buying reliable equipment at a low price, and are quite satisfied with existing refrigeration equipment.

Smith, S.A.; Davis, L.J.; Garrett, B.A.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Preliminary Notice of Violation and Proposed Imposition of Civil Penalty EA 96-03  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 Mr. John C. Crawford [ ] Sandia Corporation P.O. Box 5800 Albuquerque, NM 87185-5800 EA 96-03 Subject: Preliminary Notice of Violation and Proposed Imposition of Civil Penalty - $5,000 (NTS-ALO-KO-SNL-9000-1996-0001) Dear Mr. Crawford: This refers to the Department of Energy's (DOE) evaluation of the circumstances surrounding a number of radiological control deficiencies associated with field radiography operations conducted between February 1-7, 1996, in the Liquid Metal Processing Laboratory at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) in Albuquerque, New Mexico. At the request of DOE, you held a formal critique to evaluate these issues. The conclusions arising from this critique resulted in an occurrence report being issued on March 13, 1996. On April 16-17, 1996, the DOE Office of

135

Preliminary Notice of Violation and Proposed Imposition of Civil Penalty $935,000 - Fluor Hanford Inc.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 14, 2004 July 14, 2004 Mr. Ronald Gallagher [ ] Fluor Hanford Incorporated MSIN H5-20 P.O. Box 1000 Richland, WA 99352 EA 2004-06 Subject: Preliminary Notice of Violation and Proposed Imposition of Civil Penalty $935,000 Dear Mr. Gallagher: This letter refers to the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Price-Anderson Enforcement (OE) investigation of the facts and circumstances concerning deficiencies related to the design and safety basis of the Sludge and Water System (SWS) at K Reactor, 100 Area, of the Hanford Site. In early 2003, the DOE-Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL) identified to Fluor Hanford Incorporated (FHI) a number of deficiencies related to configuration control and system design, and expressed concern about the

136

EA-2005-02; Preliminary Notice of Violation of Proposed Imposition of Civil Penalty  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 16, 2005 OFFICE OF THE ADMINISTRATOR Mr. Michael B. Mallory [ ] BWXT Pantex L.L.C. FM 2373 US Highway 60 P.O. Box 30020 Amarillo, TX 79120 EA-2005-02 Subject: Preliminary Notice of Violation and Proposed Imposition of Civil Penalty $123,750 Dear Mr. Mallory: The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Price-Anderson Enforcement's (OE) investigated the facts and circumstances surrounding BWXT Pantex's identification of high explosive (HE) cracking during the disassembly of a retired nuclear weapon, and the subsequent recovery actions. An investigation summary report describing the results of this investigation was provided to you on December 22, 2004. An enforcement conference was held with you and members of your staff on February 9,

137

Preliminary Notice of Violation and Proposed Imposition of Civil Penalty $55,000  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2004 8, 2004 Dr. Jeffrey Wadsworth, [ ] Oak Ridge National Laboratory UT-Battelle, LLC P.O. Box 2008 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6255 EA-2004-09 Subject: Preliminary Notice of Violation and Proposed Imposition of Civil Penalty $55,000 Dear Dr. Wadsworth: This letter refers to the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Price-Anderson Enforcement's recent investigation of the facts and circumstances surrounding the October 6, 2003, Building [ ] Hot Cell (HC) 1 Radiological Spill event. An Investigation Summary Report describing the results of that review was issued to you on August 9, 2004. An Enforcement Conference was held on September 30, 2004, in Germantown, Maryland, with you and members of your staff to discuss these findings. A Conference Summary Report is enclosed.

138

EA-2003-03 Preliminary Notice of Violation and Proposed Imposition of Civil Penalty  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4, 2003 4, 2003 Mr. Dennis R. Ruddy [ ] BWXT Y-12 P.O. Box 2009 MS 8001 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-8001 EA 2003-03 Subject: Preliminary Notice of Violation and Proposed Imposition of Civil Penalty $96,250 Dear Mr. Ruddy: This letter refers to the Department of Energy's Office of Price-Anderson Enforcement (OE) investigation of the facts and circumstances concerning quality assurance issues affecting nuclear safety surrounding welding inspection deficiencies in the Y-12 Wet Chemistry Area of Building [ ] from April 2001 through December 2001. Following consultation with my office, OE initiated an investigation of the weld inspection deficiencies with a full review of relevant documentation and subsequent discussions with NNSA and BWXT Y-12 personnel at Y-12 on December 11-12, 2002.

139

2014-11-26 Issuance: Test Procedures for Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking regarding test procedures for miscellaneous refrigeration products, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on November 26, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

140

Cospolich Refrigerator: Order (2013-CE-5314)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Cospolich Refrigerator Co, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Cospolich Refrigerator had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Refrigerator Manufacturers: Order (2013-CE-5341)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Refrigerator Manufacturers, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Refrigerator Manufacturers had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

142

International Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered International Refrigeration Products to pay an $8,000 civil penalty after finding International Refrigeration had failed to certify that certain room air conditioners comply with the applicable energy conservation standard.

143

EA-2005-08; Proposed Civil Penalty of $192,500 issued to Washington TRU Solutions, LLC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 Mr. Richard D. Raaz President and General Manager Washington TRU Solutions, LLC P.O. Box 2078 Carlsbad, NM 88221-2078 EA-2005-08 Subject: Preliminary Notice of Violation and Proposed Civil Penalty - $192,500 Dear Mr. Raaz: This letter refers to the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Price-Anderson Enforcement's (OE) investigation of the Mobile Visual Examination and Repackaging Facility (MOVER) radiological uptakes that occurred from April to August 2004 at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). An investigation summary report was issued to you on September 24, 2005. An Enforcement Conference was held on October 26, 2005, in Germantown, Maryland, with you and members of your staff to discuss the findings in the investigation report. An Enforcement Conference Summary

144

Preliminary Notice of Violation and Proposed Civil Penalty of $110,000 BWXT Pantex, November 21, 2006  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 21, 2006 November 21, 2006 OFFICE OF THE ADMINISTRATOR Mr. Dan J. Swaim General Manager BWXT Pantex L.L.C. FM 2373 US Highway 60 P.O.Box 30020 Amarillo, TX 79120 EA-2006-04 Subject: Preliminary Notice of Violation and Proposed Civil Penalty of $110,000 Dear Mr. Swaim: This letter refers to the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Enforcement's investigation into the facts and circumstances surrounding three unsuccessful attempts to remove a midcase from an assembly during the period between March 30, 2005, and April 26, 2005. An Investigation Summary Report describing the results of that review was issued to you on May 10, 2006. An Enforcement Conference was held on June 13, 2006, in Germantown, Maryland, with you and members of your staff to discuss the

145

Environmental assessment for proposed energy conservation standards for two types of consumer products; refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers; small gas furnaces; and a proposed No standard standard for television sets  

SciTech Connect

This environmental assessment (EA) evaluates the environmental impacts resulting from new or amended energy-efficiency standard for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, freezers, small gas furnaces, and television sets as mandated by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987. A complete description of the Engineering and Economic Analysis of the proposed standards may be found elsewhere in the Technical Support Document (TSD). Four of the 14 scenarios for product design changes described in the Engineering Analysis of the TSD are chosen for environmental assessment based on their relative importance as design measures. Values for energy savings that result from product design changes are also taken from the TSD. The two main environmental concerns addressed are emissions from fossil fuel-fired electricity generation and the chlorofluorcarbons used in the production of rigid insulation foam. Each of the 12 design options for refrigerators and freezers result in decreased electricity use and and, therefore, reduced power plant emissions. Design changes that call for additional rigid foam insulation per appliance are of interest because they affect chlorofluorocarbon consumption. There is strong evidence that chlorofluorocarbons migrate to the stratosphere, break down, and catalyze the destruction of stratospheric ozone.

Not Available

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

North Star Refrigerator: Order (2013-CE-5355)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered North Star Refrigerator Co., Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding North Star Refrigerator had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

147

2014-02-07 Issuance: Certification of Commercial Heating, Ventilation, and Air-conditioning, Water Heating, and Refrigeration Equipment; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking regarding certification of commercial heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning, water-heating, and refrigeration equipment, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on February 7, 2014.

148

@ GW Regulatory Studies Center | www.RegulatoryStudies.gwu.edu | Follow us @RegStudies DOE's Proposed Commercial Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

global greenhouse gas emissions, and reduce commercial customers' energy bills long-term. As DOE explains efficiency standards. First, energy use related to commercial refrigeration results in some greenhouse gas emissions. Because the social cost of greenhouse gas emissions may not be fully represented in the price

Schmitt, William R.

149

2014-08-01 Issuance: Test Procedure for Refrigerated Bottled or Canned Beverage Vending Machines; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and public meeting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking and public meeting regarding test procedures for refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machines, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on August 1, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

150

Requirements for Determining Refrigerant Charge Residential Air Conditioning Measures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Requirements for Determining Refrigerant Charge Residential Air Conditioning Measures Improved Refrigerant Charge Purpose Component packages require in some climate zones that split system air refrigerant charge. For the performance method, the proposed design is modeled with less efficiency

151

Kylteknik ("KYL")Kylteknik ("KYL") RefrigerationRefrigerationRefrigerationRefrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RefrigerationRefrigerationRefrigeration coursecourse # 424503.0# 424503.0 v.v. 20122012 8. Heat pumps, heat pipes, cold thermal energy storage Ron on a vapour-compression cycle) /heat_pump.g Heat pumps make use of low- temperature (waste) heat, replacing/vcmfiles/ electricity!) for heating and air conditioning purposes Heat pumps became popular in ://www.bge.c Heat pumps

Zevenhoven, Ron

152

Refrigerator/freezer energy use: Measured values vs. simulation results  

SciTech Connect

The EPA Refrigerator Analysis (ERA) program was utilized in the engineering analysis performed to support the proposed refrigerator/freezer standards in the United States. In this paper the accuracy of the ERA program for predicting the energy consumption of domestic refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers is studied by comparing the predicted energy consumption with the measured energy consumption.

Hakim, S.H.; Turiel, I. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

153

Refrigerant directly cooled capacitors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a direct contact refrigerant cooling system using a refrigerant floating loop having a refrigerant and refrigeration devices. The cooling system has at least one hermetic container disposed in the refrigerant floating loop. The hermetic container has at least one electronic component selected from the group consisting of capacitors, power electronic switches and gating signal module. The refrigerant is in direct contact with the electronic component.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Seiber, Larry E. (Oak Ridge, TN); Marlino, Laura D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Ayers, Curtis W. (Kingston, TN)

2007-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

154

DOE Collects Civil Penalties for Failure to Certify | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Collects Civil Penalties for Failure to Certify Collects Civil Penalties for Failure to Certify DOE Collects Civil Penalties for Failure to Certify August 27, 2012 - 1:07pm Addthis The Office of Enforcement recently settled enforcement actions against ten companies for failure to submit the required certification that products comply with the federal energy conservation standards. Several companies were subject to higher penalties due to a history of noncompliance with the certification regulations. Danby Products, Inc., failed to certify at least three basic models of residential refrigerators and freezers, as required by DOE regulations. On July 9, 2012, DOE issued an order assessing a $9,900 civil penalty for these violations. ASKO Appliances, Inc., failed to certify at least five basic models of

155

Evaporative system for water and beverage refrigeration in hot countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaporative system for water and beverage refrigeration in hot countries A Saleh1 and MA Al-Nimr2 1 Abstract: The present study proposes an evaporative refrigerating system used to keep water or other are found to be consistent with the available literature data. Keywords: evaporative refrigeration, heat

156

ARTI refrigerant database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database is an information system on alternative refrigerants, associated lubricants, and their use in air conditioning and refrigeration. It consolidates and facilitates access to property, compatibility, environmental, safety, application and other information. It provides corresponding information on older refrigerants, to assist manufacturers and those using alternative refrigerants, to make comparisons and determine differences. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern.

Calm, J.M.

1996-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

157

2014-09-18 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods, Basic Model Definition, and Compliance for Commercial HVAC, Refrigeration, and Water Heating Equipment; Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking regarding energy conservation standards for alternative efficiency determination methods, basic model definition, and compliance for commercial HVAC, Refrigeration, and Water Heating Equipment, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on September 18, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

158

Superinsulation in refrigerators and freezers  

SciTech Connect

The results presented here were obtained during Phase 4 of the first CRADA, which had the specific objective of determining the lifetime of superinsulations when installed in simulated refrigerator doors. The second CRADA was established to evaluate and test design concepts proposed to significantly reduce energy consumption in a refrigerator-freezer that is representative of approximately 60% of the US market. The stated goal of this CRADA is to demonstrate advanced technologies which reduce, by 50%, the 1993 National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA) standard energy consumption for a 20 ft{sup 3} (570 L) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. For a unit this size, the goal translates to an energy consumption of 1.003 kWh/d. The general objective of the research is to facilitate the introduction of efficient appliances by demonstrating design changes that can be effectively incorporated into new products. In previous work on this project, a Phase 1 prototype refrigerator-freezer achieved an energy consumption of 1.413 kWh/d [Vineyard, et al., 1995]. Following discussions with an advisory group comprised of all the major refrigerator-freezer manufacturers, several options were considered for the Phase 2 effort, one of which was cabinet heat load reductions.

Vineyard, E.; Stovall, T.K.; Wilkes, K.E.; Childs, K.W.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

International Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20585 WASHINGTON, D.C. 20585 Case Number: 2012-CE-1510 International Refrigeration Products, Respondent ) ) ) ) ) ) ORDER Issued: July 20, 2012 By the General Counsel, U.S. Department of Energy: 1. In this Order, I adopt the attached Compromise Agreement entered into between the U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") and International Refrigeration Products ("Respondent"). The Compromise Agreement resolves the case initiated to pursue a civil penalty for violations of the compliance certification requirements located at 10 C.P.R. § 429.12. 2. DOE and Respondent have negotiated the terms of the Compromise Agreement that resolve this matter. A copy of the Compromise Agreement is attached hereto and incorporated by reference. 3. After reviewing the terms of the Compromise Agreement and evaluating the facts

160

Performance of a two-cycle refrigerator/freezer using HFC refrigerants  

SciTech Connect

A two-cycle 18 ft{sup 3} (0.51 m{sup 3}) refrigerator/freezer was tested utilizing American National Standards Institute/Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (ANSI/AHAM) standards for energy consumption testing. A 34.9% energy consumption reduction was realized for a 1984 model refrigerator/freezer (1020 kWh original energy use). This paper presents a proven method of reducing the current Department of Energy (DOE) minimum energy-efficiency standards for refrigerator/freezers to the proposed year 2001 standards utilizing existing technology. For a top-mount, frost-free refrigerator/freezer having the above volume, the current DOE minimum energy standard is 770 kWh/year, and the proposed DOE year 2001 standard is 530 kWh/year (a 31% reduction). Therefore, some significant reductions may be obtained by implementing the modifications discussed in this paper into newer refrigerator/freezer models. The paper gives an overview of the modifications implemented by a Danish university on a US refrigerator/freezer and presents experimental performance testing results of the refrigerator/freezer. The modifications will cause the refrigerator/freezer to be more expensive, but the performance enhancements should offset cost. No cost analysis is presented in this paper, but a detailed cost analysis of a two-cycle refrigerator/freezer is contained in a 1993 US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) report (EPA 1993). The refrigerator/freezer was tested using four refrigerants and compressors. Two compressors and refrigerants were tested in the freezer cycle, and four were tested in the fresh food cycle.

Baskin, E.; Delafield, F.R.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Save with Hybrid Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SAVE WITH HYBRID REFRIGERATION Cheng-Wen (Wayne) Chung, P.E. Fluor Engineers, Inc. Irvine, California ABSTRACT Two level demand makes it possible to use two systems for refrigeration and save energy and money. An example of this type... of refrigeration, consisting of an ammonia absorption refrigeration (AAR) unit and a mechanical compression refrigera tion (MCR) unit, is presented in this article. This paper will briefly describe process configur ation, advantages and utility consumption...

Chung, C. W.

162

Refrigerants in Transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

component of ternary blends and as a blowing agent. Further testing is ongoing to determine its performance characteristics. Since CFC-114 chillers constitute an estimated 1% of the more than 80,000 centrifugal chillers, testing has not been a high..., commercial refrigerators, ice makers, etc. Some commercial chillers. Some commercial refrigeration. Marine refrigeration, stationery chillers, ternary blends, blowing agents. 51 RESULTS OF TESTING The testing programs undertaken by the refrigerant...

Stouppe, D. E.

163

DOE Publishes Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Commercial Refrigerati...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Test Procedure DOE Publishes Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Test Procedure October 28, 2013 - 12:00am...

164

Air-Con Agrees to Pay Civil Penalty to Resolve Enforcement Action |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Air-Con Agrees to Pay Civil Penalty to Resolve Enforcement Action Air-Con Agrees to Pay Civil Penalty to Resolve Enforcement Action Air-Con Agrees to Pay Civil Penalty to Resolve Enforcement Action November 23, 2010 - 6:34pm Addthis The Department of Energy has settled the civil penalty action it initiated against Air-Con International for Air-Con's sale of air conditioners in the United States that used more energy than allowed by federal law. On September 20, 2010, based on Air-Con's responses to a DOE subpoena, DOE ordered Air-Con to stop selling noncompliant air conditioners in the United States and proposed civil penalties for the noncompliant units sold by the company. Air-Con promptly ceased U.S. sales of the noncompliant models. In the settlement announced today, DOE agreed to accept a civil penalty of $10,000, after considering factors set forth in DOE's penalty guidance,

165

Air-Con Agrees to Pay Civil Penalty to Resolve Enforcement Action |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Air-Con Agrees to Pay Civil Penalty to Resolve Enforcement Action Air-Con Agrees to Pay Civil Penalty to Resolve Enforcement Action Air-Con Agrees to Pay Civil Penalty to Resolve Enforcement Action November 23, 2010 - 6:34pm Addthis The Department of Energy has settled the civil penalty action it initiated against Air-Con International for Air-Con's sale of air conditioners in the United States that used more energy than allowed by federal law. On September 20, 2010, based on Air-Con's responses to a DOE subpoena, DOE ordered Air-Con to stop selling noncompliant air conditioners in the United States and proposed civil penalties for the noncompliant units sold by the company. Air-Con promptly ceased U.S. sales of the noncompliant models. In the settlement announced today, DOE agreed to accept a civil penalty of $10,000, after considering factors set forth in DOE's penalty guidance,

166

Chance and the Death Penalty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Samuel R. , & Robert Mauro (1989) Death & Discrimination:penalty statutes (Gross & Mauro 1989:ch. 1). In Furman v.Kazyaka 1988; Gross & Mauro 1989; Keil & Vito 1989). A

Richard Berk; Robert Weiss; Jack Boger

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Monitoring refrigeration energy useage.  

SciTech Connect

Refrigerators use more energy than any other kitchen appliance -- an unsurprising fact considering that refrigerators operate 24 hours a day, 365 days a year to keep food at a safe temperature. In many low-income households, refrigerators eat up more than half the electricity consumed in one year. And if the refrigerator in a family's home is functioning poorly, the cost to the consumer can be enormous. Discovering whether an existing refrigerator is operating inefficiently enough to warrant replacing it is an extremely difficult task for a resident who sees only a monthly electric bill. Only by knowing the approximate usage of the existing unit can anyone tell whether it would pay to buy a new, energy-efficient refrigerator. The savings from replacing older refrigerators can be substantial, and collecting the data needed to determine when refrigerators should be replaced is easier and less costly than one might think. In both Chicago and New York City, replacing existing units cut refrigerator electricity usage by more than 50%. Monitoring to develop an average usage for the existing stock of refrigerators is a task that can be completed by maintenance staff in a reasonably short time -- and identifying poorly performing units that should be immediately replaced can take just two hours of monitoring.

Cavallo, J.; Mapp, J.; Energy Systems; Wisconsin Energy Bureau

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

ARTI refrigerant database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database is an information system on alternative refrigerants, associated lubricants, and their use in air conditioning and refrigeration. It consolidates and facilitates access to property, compatibility, environmental, safety, application and other information. It provides corresponding information on older refrigerants, to assist manufacturers and those using alternative refrigerants, to make comparisons and determine differences. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included, though some may be added at a later date. The database identifies sources of specific information on refrigerants. It addresses lubricants including alkylbenzene, polyalkylene glycol, polyolester, and other synthetics as well as mineral oils. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits. Incomplete citations or abstracts are provided for some documents. They are included to accelerate availability of the information and will be completed or replaced in future updates. Citations in this report are divided into the following topics: thermophysical properties; materials compatibility; lubricants and tribology; application data; safety; test and analysis methods; impacts; regulatory actions; substitute refrigerants; identification; absorption and adsorption; research programs; and miscellaneous documents. Information is also presented on ordering instructions for the computerized version.

Calm, J.M. [Calm (James M.), Great Falls, VA (United States)] [Calm (James M.), Great Falls, VA (United States)

1996-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

169

Global warming impacts of ozone-safe refrigerants and refrigeration, heating, and air-conditioning technologies  

SciTech Connect

International agreements mandate the phase-out of many chlorine containing compounds that are used as the working fluid in refrigeration, air-conditioning, and heating equipment. Many of the chemical compounds that have been proposed, and are being used in place of the class of refrigerants eliminated by the Montreal Protocol are now being questioned because of their possible contributions to global warming. Natural refrigerants are put forth as inherently superior to manufactured refrigerants because they have very low or zero global warming potentials (GWPs). Questions are being raised about whether or not these manufactured refrigerants, primarily hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), should be regulated and perhaps phased out in much the same manner as CFCs and HCFCs. Several of the major applications of refrigerants are examined in this paper and the results of an analysis of their contributions to greenhouse warming are presented. Supermarket refrigeration is shown to be an application where alternative technologies have the potential to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) significantly with no clear advantage to either natural or HFC refrigerants. Mixed results are presented for automobile air conditioners with opportunities to reduce GHG emissions dependent on climate and comfort criteria. GHG emissions for hermetic and factory built systems (i.e. household refrigerators/freezers, unitary equipment, chillers) are shown to be dominated by energy use with much greater potential for reduction through efficiency improvements than by selection of refrigerant. The results for refrigerators also illustrate that hydrocarbon and carbon dioxide blown foam insulation have lower overall effects on GHG emissions than HFC blown foams at the cost of increased energy use.

Fischer, S.; Sand, J.; Baxter, V.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Manufacture of refrigeration oils  

SciTech Connect

Lubricating oils suitable for use in refrigeration equipment in admixture with fluorinated hydrocarbon refrigerants are produced by solvent extraction of naphthenic lubricating oil base stocks, cooling the resulting extract mixture, optionally with the addition of a solvent modifier, to form a secondary raffinate and a secondary extract, and recovering a dewaxed oil fraction of lowered pour point from the secondary raffinate as a refrigeration oil product. The process of the invention obviates the need for a separate dewaxing operation, such as dewaxing with urea, as conventionally employed for the production of refrigeration oils.

Chesluk, R.P.; Platte, H.J.; Sequeira, A.J.

1981-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

171

Energy-efficiency directory of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers  

SciTech Connect

Information is presented about the energy costs of operating refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers and includes the type of refrigerator or refrigerator-freezer, the fresh food volume, the freezer volume, the total volume, and the yearly energy cost. The directory lists all currently marketed electric refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers that have Energy Guide labels. The Federal Trade Commission requires manufacturers who distribute refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers to attach Energy Guide labels to appliances manufactured on or after May 19, 1980. The data have been measured by manufacturers and/or their agents according to US Government standard test procedures.

Statt, T.G.; Coggins, J.L.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Chemically assisted mechanical refrigeration process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is provided a chemically assisted mechanical refrigeration process including the steps of: mechanically compressing a refrigerant stream which includes vaporized refrigerant; contacting the refrigerant with a solvent in a mixer at a pressure sufficient to promote substantial dissolving of the refrigerant in the solvent in the mixer to form a refrigerant-solvent solution while concurrently placing the solution in heat exchange relation with a working medium to transfer energy to the working medium, said refrigerant-solvent solution exhibiting a negative deviation from Raoult's Law; reducing the pressure over the refrigerant-solvent solution in an evaporator to allow the refrigerant to vaporize and substantially separate from the solvent while concurrently placing the evolving refrigerant-solvent solution in heat exchange relation with a working medium to remove energy from the working medium to thereby form a refrigerant stream and a solvent stream; and passing the solvent and refrigerant stream from the evaporator. 5 figs.

Vobach, A.R.

1987-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

173

Chemically assisted mechanical refrigeration process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is provided a chemically assisted mechanical refrigeration process including the steps of: mechanically compressing a refrigerant stream which includes vaporized refrigerant; contacting the refrigerant with a solvent in a mixer at a pressure sufficient to promote substantial dissolving of the refrigerant in the solvent in the mixer to form a refrigerant-solvent solution while concurrently placing the solution in heat exchange relation with a working medium to transfer energy to the working medium, said refrigerant-solvent solution exhibiting a negative deviation from Raoult's Law; reducing the pressure over the refrigerant-solvent solution in an evaporator to allow the refrigerant to vaporize and substantially separate from the solvent while concurrently placing the evolving refrigerant-solvent solution in heat exchange relation with a working medium to remove energy from the working medium to thereby form a refrigerant stream and a solvent stream; and passing the solvent and refrigerant stream from the evaporator. 5 figs.

Vobach, A.R.

1987-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

174

ARTI Refrigerant Database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database consolidates and facilitates access to information to assist industry in developing equipment using alternative refrigerants. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air- conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included, though some may be added at a later date. The database identifies sources of specific information on R-32, R-123, R-124, R- 125, R-134a, R-141b, R142b, R-143a, R-152a, R-290 (propane), R-717 (ammonia), ethers, and others as well as azeotropic and zeotropic blends of these fluids. It addresses polyalkylene glycol (PAG), ester, and other lubricants. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits.

Calm, J.M.

1992-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

175

DOE Collects Civil Penalties for Failure to Certify | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 27, 2012 - 1:07pm August 27, 2012 - 1:07pm Addthis The Office of Enforcement recently settled enforcement actions against ten companies for failure to submit the required certification that products comply with the federal energy conservation standards. Several companies were subject to higher penalties due to a history of noncompliance with the certification regulations. Danby Products, Inc., failed to certify at least three basic models of residential refrigerators and freezers, as required by DOE regulations. On July 9, 2012, DOE issued an order assessing a $9,900 civil penalty for these violations. ASKO Appliances, Inc., failed to certify at least five basic models of dishwashers and residential clothes washers. On July 20, 2012, DOE issued an order assessing a $36,500 civil penalty for these violations.

176

Two Manufacturers Agree to Civil Penalties to Resolve Enforcement...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Civil Penalty to Resolve Light Bulb Efficiency Violations DOE Collects Civil Penalties for Failure to Certify DOE Collects 80,000 Civil Penalty From Showerhead Manufacturer...

177

Cryogenic optical refrigeration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis compiles recent achievements in optical refrigeration, cooling a 5 wt. % ytterbium doped yttrium lithium fluoride (Yb+3:YLF) crystal through anti-Stokes fluorescence to a (more)

Melgaard, Seth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Multi-stage Cascaded Stirling Refrigerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multi-stage Cascaded Stirling Refrigerator Multi-stage Cascaded Stirling Refrigerator Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) researchers have developed a multi-stage refrigerator,...

179

Retail refrigeration systems -- The use of ammonia and two-level secondary refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

The concept of a secondary refrigeration system for high-temperature use as investigated in 1991, and a design for a full high-temperature system was completed the following year. In late 1992, a supermarket chain commissioned a study of the feasibility of turning the design into a practical application and assisted the project in 1993 by commissioning a test facility for single-temperature secondary refrigeration at one of the company`s factory sites. Results and conclusions from this trial work pointed toward the need for a total secondary refrigeration system, including a low-temperature system for frozen food display cases, and the possibility of utilizing environmentally friendly ammonia as the primary refrigerant. Therefore, in late 1993/early 1994, a low-temperature system was developed and commissioned at the test facility. Full collaboration between the supermarket company and the contractor resulted in the funding of practical trial work and feasibility studies for both secondary refrigeration and a fully detailed proposal for the use of ammonia in a public retail environment. In May 1995, the first UK ammonia and two-level secondary refrigeration system began operation in a supermarket in Horsham, Sussex England.

Thomas, A.S. [Westward Refrigeration, Gloucester (United Kingdom)

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Downhole pulse tube refrigerators  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes a preliminary design study to explore the plausibility of using pulse tube refrigeration to cool instruments in a hot down-hole environment. The original motivation was to maintain Dave Reagor`s high-temperature superconducting electronics at 75 K, but the study has evolved to include three target design criteria: cooling at 30 C in a 300 C environment, cooling at 75 K in a 50 C environment, cooling at both 75 K and 30 C in a 250 C environment. These specific temperatures were chosen arbitrarily, as representative of what is possible. The primary goals are low cost, reliability, and small package diameter. Pulse-tube refrigeration is a rapidly growing sub-field of cryogenic refrigeration. The pulse tube refrigerator has recently become the simplest, cheapest, most rugged and reliable low-power cryocooler. The authors expect this technology will be applicable downhole because of the ratio of hot to cold temperatures (in absolute units, such as Kelvin) of interest in deep drilling is comparable to the ratios routinely achieved with cryogenic pulse-tube refrigerators.

Swift, G.; Gardner, D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Condensed Matter and Thermal Physics Group

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Proceedings: Commercial Refrigeration Research Workshop  

SciTech Connect

Improving refrigeration systems for commercial use can enhance both utility load factors and supermarket profits. This workshop has pinpointed research needs in commercial refrigeration and systems integration for a supermarket environment.

None

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Waste Heat Recovery from Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heat recovery from refrigeration machines is a concept which has great potential for implementation in many businesses. If a parallel requirement for refrigeration and hot water exists, the installation of a system to provide hot water as a by...

Jackson, H. Z.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Refrigerator recycling and CFCs  

SciTech Connect

Utility-sponsored refrigerator and freezer pick-up programs have removed almost 900,000 inefficient appliances from the North American electric grid to date. While the CFC-12 refrigerant from the discarded appliances is typically removed and recycled, in all but a few programs the CFC-11 in the foam insulation is not. About a quarter-billion pounds of CFC-11 are banked in refrigerator foam in the United States. Release of this ``bank`` of CFC, combined with that from foam insulation used in buildings, will be the largest source of future emissions if preventive measures are not taken. Methods exist to recover the CFC for reuse or to destroy it by incineration. The task of recycling or destroying the CFCs and other materials from millions of refrigerators is a daunting challenge, but one in which utilities can play a leadership role. E Source believes that utilities can profitably serve as the catalyst for public-private partnerships that deliver comprehensive refrigerator recycling. Rather than treating such efforts solely as a DSM resource acquisition, utilities could position these programs as a multifaceted service delivery that offers convenient appliance removal for homeowners, a solid waste minimization service for landfills, a source of recycled materials for industry, and a CFC recovery and/or disposal service in support of the HVAC industry and society`s atmospheric protection goals and laws. Financial mechanisms could be developed through these public-private enterprises to ensure that utilities are compensated for the extra cost of fully recycling refrigerators, including the foam CFC.

Shepard, M.; Hawthorne, W.; Wilson, A.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

184

Refrigeration monitor and alarm system  

SciTech Connect

A monitor is described for a refrigeration system including a heat reclaiming system coupled therewith, comprising: a sensor positioned to detect the level of liquid state refrigerant in the system and provide an electrical output signal therefrom; a digital display for displaying the refrigerant level; first circuit means coupling the digital display to the sensor for actuating the digital display; and lockout means coupled with the sensor for deactivating the heat reclaiming system when a preselected refrigerant level is reached.

Branz, M.A.; Renaud, P.F.

1986-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

185

Helium dilution refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 1875" OD exchanger Qu ID copper cap Fig. 6. Assembled view of 3He - He dilution refrigerator. 26 The joint thru the tubing wall and the joining of the two sizes of capillary were silver soldered (35/ silver content). A 0. 250" OD tube... the inert atmosphere inside the refrigerator. After removal from the nitrogen atmosphere the graphite support, was 'attached to the still and mixing chamber using Stycast 2850 GT with catalyst g9 ). The mass of the graphite 26 support 1s 11. 62 grams...

McKee, Thomas Raymond

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

186

Enhanced naphthenic refrigeration oils for household refrigerator systems  

SciTech Connect

Due to industry concerns about the successful employment of hydrofluorocarbon-immiscible hydrocarbon oils in refrigeration systems, enhanced naphthenic refrigeration oils have been developed. These products have been designed to be more dispersible with hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants, such as R-134a, in order to facilitate lubricant return to the compressor and to ensure proper energy efficiency of the system. Bench tests and system performance evaluations indicate the feasibility of these oils for use in household refrigeration applications. Results of these evaluations are compared with those obtained with polyol esters and typical naphthenic mineral oils employed in chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) and hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) refrigeration applications.

Reyes-Gavilan, J.L.; Flak, G.T.; Tritcak, T.R. [Witco Corp., Oakland, NJ (United States); Barbour, C.B. [Americold, Cullman, AL (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

187

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-GWP Refrigerants Mark O. McLinden National Institute of Standards and Technology markm@boulder.nist.gov; 303-497-3580 April 3, 2013 Optimization Fluid Modeling Cycle Modeling Final Candidates Optimum Thermo Parameters 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: HFC refrigerants face restrictions: U.S./Canada/Mexico proposal to Montreal Protocol (85 % cut) EU regulations likely on all application areas (79 % cut)

188

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-GWP Refrigerants Mark O. McLinden National Institute of Standards and Technology markm@boulder.nist.gov; 303-497-3580 April 3, 2013 Optimization Fluid Modeling Cycle Modeling Final Candidates Optimum Thermo Parameters 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: HFC refrigerants face restrictions: U.S./Canada/Mexico proposal to Montreal Protocol (85 % cut) EU regulations likely on all application areas (79 % cut)

189

Refrigeration Recovery for Experiment Hall High Target Loads  

SciTech Connect

The Qweak experiment at Jefferson Lab (JLab) is a 3000 W hydrogen target scheduled for the summer of 2010 and running for two years until the planned shut-down for 12GeV. The End Station Refrigerator (ESR) supports the three experiment halls, two of which may normally have a hydrogen target. The refrigerator for the ESR is a CTI/Helix 1500 W 4.5-K refrigerator nominally capable of supporting a 1250 W target load at 12 bar and 15-K (plus 1100 W of 4.5-K refrigeration). As such, this refrigerator is not capable of supporting the Qweak experiment target load in its present condition. Additionally, since the installation of an ambient air vaporizer for a single use, two week run duration of a high target load in the summer of 2003 there has been a consistent usage of the Central Helium Liquefiers (CHLs) 3 bar 4.5-K helium, supplied via an existing transfer-line to the ESR, for other high target loads. By the fall of 2004, it was apparent that this continued use of CHLs supercritical helium was routinely being sought by the hall experimenters. As such, a method of refrigeration recovery was proposed to reduce the support required of CHL for these high target loads, including the anticipated Qweak experiment, while utilizing the recovered CHL refrigeration from the target to increase ESRs 12 bar 15-K capacity.

Peter Knudsen, Venkatarao Ganni, Errol Yuksek, Jonathan Creel

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Asset Management Equipment Disposal Form -Refrigerant Recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

enters the waste stream with the charge intact (e.g., motor vehicle air conditioners, refrigeratorsAsset Management Equipment Disposal Form - Refrigerant Recovery Safe Disposal Requirements Under refrigeration, cold storage warehouse refrigeration, chillers, and industrial process refrigeration) has to have

Sin, Peter

191

Multilayer Thermionic Refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

A review is presented of our program to construct an efficient solid state refrigerator based on thermionic emission of electrons over periodic barriers in the solid. The experimental program is to construct a simple device with one barrier layer using a three layers: metal-semiconductor-metal. The theoretical program is doing calculations to determine: (i) the optimal layer thickness, and (ii) the thermal conductivity.

Mahan, G.D.

1999-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

192

Miniature liquid?3He refrigerator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of a cryopump and high?pressure internal storage of the cryogen makes it possible to miniaturize a one?shot recyclable 3He refrigerator while at the same time improving its performance. Because of their simplified interface requirements such refrigerators are readily incorporated into existing 4He cryostats allowing a convenient extension of their operating range down to 0.3 K. An analysis of the parameters describing refrigerator performance (condensation time heat transfer to the 4He bath lifetime and refrigeration power) leads to the definition of an optimized refrigerator. Measured performance characteristics of a miniature [2?l standard temperature and pressure (STP) of 3He] refrigerator used in laboratory and stratospheric balloon?borne experiments are given.

J. P. Torre; G. Chanin

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Vaccine refrigerator testing. Final report  

SciTech Connect

For the Central American Health Clinic Project initiated in 1986, Sandia National Laboratories and the Florida Solar Energy Center recognized the need for a test and evaluation program for vaccine refrigeration systems. At the Florida Solar Energy Center, side-by-side testing of three photovoltaic powered vaccine refrigerators began in 1987. The testing was expanded in 1988 to include a kerosene absorption refrigerator. This report presents observations, conclusions, and recommendations derived from testing the four vaccine refrigeration systems. Information is presented pertaining to the refrigerators, photovoltaic arrays, battery subsystems, charge controllers, and user requirements. This report should be of interest to designers, manufacturers, installers, and users of photovoltaic-powered vaccine refrigeration systems and components.

Ventre, G.G. [Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States); Kilfoyle, D.; Marion, B. [Florida Solar Energy Center, Cape Canaveral, FL (United States)

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Microsoft Word - Artisan Penalty Notice Final.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Artisan Manufacturing Company, Artisan Manufacturing Company, Inc. (Faucets) ) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2010-CW-0712 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: September 8, 2010 Number of alleged violations: 9 Maximum possible assessment: $496,980 Proposed civil penalty: $65,700 The Office of the General Counsel of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) alleges that Artisan Manufacturing Company, Inc. (Artisan) violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. § 6201 et seq., 10 C.F.R. Part 430, or both. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. Artisan manufactures or privately labels a variety of faucets including models: AF-220-SN, MF-200-SN, MF-300-SN, MF-230-SN, MF-260-CP, MF-120-SN, MF-130-SN, and MF-100-CP. 2. These models have been in distribution in the U.S. for at least 365 days.

195

NICE3: Industrial Refrigeration System  

SciTech Connect

Energy Concepts has developed an absorption-augmented system as a cost-effective means of achieving more cooling capacity with a substantial reduction in energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions for industrial refrigeration. It cuts fuel consumption by 30% by combining an internal combustion engine with a mechanical compression refrigeration system and an absorption refrigeration system. The absorption system is powered by engine waste heat. Conventional industrial refrigeration uses mechanical vapor compression, powered by electric motors, which results in higher energy costs. By the year 2010, the new system could cut fuel consumption by 19 trillion Btu and greenhouse emissions by more than 1 million tons per year.

Simon, P.

1999-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

196

E-Print Network 3.0 - adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

refrigerator Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator...

197

Refrigerator-freezer energy testing with alternative refrigerants  

SciTech Connect

As a result of the Montreal Protocol that limits the production of ozone-depleting refrigerants, manufacturers are searching for alternatives to replace the R12 that is presently used in residential refrigerator-freezers. Before an alternative can be selected, several issues must be resolved. Among these are energy impacts, system compatibility, cost, and availability. In an effort to determine the energy impacts of some of the alternatives, energy consumption tests were performed in accordance with section 8 of the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) standard for household refrigerators and household freezers. The results are presented for an 18 cubic foot (0.51 cubic meter), top-mount refrigerator-freezer with a static condenser using the following refrigerants: R12, R500, R12/Dimethyl-ether (DME), R22/R142b, and R134a. Conclusions from the AHAM test are that R500 and R12 /DME have a reduced energy consumption relative to R12 when replaced in the test unit with no modifications to the refrigeration system. Run times were slightly lower than R12 for both refrigerants indicating a higher capacity. While the R134a and R22/R142b results were less promising refrigeration system, such as a different capillary tube or compressor, may improve their performance. 12 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.; Miller, W.A.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Manufacturers of Noncompliant Products Agree to Civil Penalties...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Air-Con Agrees to Pay Civil Penalty to Resolve Enforcement Action Showerhead Manufacturer Agrees to Civil Penalty to Resolve Enforcement Action Two Manufacturers Agree to...

199

Modular thermoacoustic refrigerator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A thermoacousticrefrigerator was built to explore scaling to large heat flux. The refrigerator was constructed according to a modular design so that various stack heat exchanger and resonator sections are easily interchangeable. The resonator is driven by a commercial 10?in. woofer. Initial tests using pure helium gas as the working fluid and steel honeycomb (0.8?mm cell) for the stack pumped 60 W of heat against a 10?C temperature gradient. Measurements of heat flux and efficiency will be reported as functions of stack structure (e.g. pore size and shape) and will be compared with theoretical predictions.

Steven R. Murrell; George Mozurkewich

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

The refrigerator revolution  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses how a simple, new technology threw the best-laid plans of the chemical and refrigerator industries into disarray-and provided a new perspective on how future environmental agreements can be reached. In recent years, a series of massive business mergers has mesmerized the industrial world. However in the early 1990s a German environmentalist, triggered global reprocussions in the wake of the mandate to phase out the use of ozone depleting substances. The economic and political background of this is explained in detail.

Ayres, E.; French, H.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Performance bound for quantum absorption refrigerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An implementation of quantum absorption chillers with three qubits has been recently proposed, that is ideally able to reach the Carnot performance regime. Here we study the working efficiency of such self-contained refrigerators, adopting a consistent treatment of dissipation effects. We demonstrate that the coefficient of performance at maximum cooling power is upper bounded by 3/4 of the Carnot performance. The result is independent of the details of the system and the equilibrium temperatures of the external baths. We provide design prescriptions that saturate the bound in the limit of a large difference between the operating temperatures. Our study suggests that delocalized dissipation, which must be taken into account for a proper modelling of the machine-baths interaction, is a fundamental source of irreversibility which prevents the refrigerator from approaching the Carnot performance arbitrarily closely in practice. The potential role of quantum correlations in the operation of these machines is also investigated.

Luis A. Correa; Jos P. Palao; Gerardo Adesso; Daniel Alonso

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

202

Semiconductor-based optical refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Optical refrigerators using semiconductor material as a cooling medium, with layers of material in close proximity to the cooling medium that carries away heat from the cooling material and preventing radiation trapping. In addition to the use of semiconducting material, the invention can be used with ytterbium-doped glass optical refrigerators.

Epstein, Richard I. (Santa Fe, NM); Edwards, Bradley C. (Nekoosa, WI); Sheik-Bahae, Mansoor (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Load Forecasting of Supermarket Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy system. Observed refrigeration load and local ambient temperature from a Danish su- permarket renewable energy, is increasing, therefore a flexible energy system is needed. In the present ThesisLoad Forecasting of Supermarket Refrigeration Lisa Buth Rasmussen Kongens Lyngby 2013 M.Sc.-2013

204

Malone cycle refrigerator development  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the progress made in demonstrating a Malone Cycle Refrigerator/Freezer. The Malone cycle is similar to the Stirling cycle but uses a supercritical fluid in place of real gas. In the approach, solid-metal diaphragms are used to seal and sweep the working volumes against the high working fluid pressures required in Malone cycle machines. This feature eliminates the friction and leakage that accounted for nearly half the losses in the best piston-defined Malone cycle machines built to date. The authors successfully built a Malone cycle refrigerator that: (1) used CO{sub 2} as the working fluid, (2) operated at pressures up to 19.3 Mpa (2,800 psi), (3) achieved a cold end metal temperatures of {minus}29 C ({minus}20 F), and (4) produced over 400 Watts of cooling at near ambient temperatures. The critical diaphragm components operated flawlessly throughout characterization and performance testing, supporting the conclusion of high reliability based on analysis of fatigue date and actual strain measurements.

Shimko, M.A.; Crowley, C.J.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Helium dilution refrigeration system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A helium dilution refrigeration system operable over a limited time period, and recyclable for a next period of operation. The refrigeration system is compact with a self-contained pumping system and heaters for operation of the system. A mixing chamber contains .sup.3 He and .sup.4 He liquids which are precooled by a coupled container containing .sup.3 He liquid, enabling the phase separation of a .sup.3 He rich liquid phase from a dilute .sup.3 He-.sup.4 He liquid phase which leads to the final stage of a dilution cooling process for obtaining low temperatures. The mixing chamber and a still are coupled by a fluid line and are maintained at substantially the same level with the still cross sectional area being smaller than that of the mixing chamber. This configuration provides maximum cooling power and efficiency by the cooling period ending when the .sup.3 He liquid is depleted from the mixing chamber with the mixing chamber nearly empty of liquid helium, thus avoiding unnecessary and inefficient cooling of a large amount of the dilute .sup.3 He-.sup.4 He liquid phase.

Roach, Patrick R. (Darien, IL); Gray, Kenneth E. (Naperville, IL)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Improving the energy efficiency of refrigerators in India  

SciTech Connect

Five state-of-the-art, production refrigerators from different manufacturers in India were subjected to a variety of appliance rating and performance evaluation test procedures in an engineering laboratory. Cabinet heat loss, compressor calorimeter, high-ambient pull-down, and closed-door energy consumption tests were performed on each unit to assess the current status of commercially available Indian refrigerators and refrigerator component efficiencies. Daily energy consumption tests were performed at nominal line voltages and at 85% and 115% of nominal voltage to assess the effect of grid voltage variations. These test results were also used to indicate opportunities for effective improvements in energy efficiency. A widely distributed ``generic`` computer model capable of simulating single-door refrigerators with a small interior freezer section was used to estimate cabinet heat loss rates and closed door energy consumption values from basic cabinet and refrigeration circuit inputs. This work helped verify the model`s accuracy and potential value as a tool for evaluating the energy impact of proposed design options. Significant differences ranging from 30 to 90% were seen in the measured performance criterion for these ``comparable`` refrigerators suggesting opportunities for improvements in individual product designs. Modeled cabinet heat loadings differed from experimentally extrapolated values in a range from 2--29%, and daily energy consumption values estimated by the model differed from laboratory data by as little as 3% or as much as 25%, which indicates that refinement of the model may be needed for this single-door refrigerator type. Additional comparisons of experimentally measured performance criteria such as % compressor run times and compressor cycling rates to modeled results are given. The computer model is used to evaluate the energy saving impact of several modest changes to the basic Indian refrigerator design.

Sand, J.R.; Vineyard, E.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bohman, R.H. [Consulting Engineer, Cedar Rapids, IA (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

CORRELATING EVAPORATION HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT OF REFRIGERANT R-134a IN A PLATE HEAT EXCHANGER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 CORRELATING EVAPORATION HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT OF REFRIGERANT R-134a IN A PLATE HEAT EXCHANGER for evaporation heat transfer coefficient of refrigerant R-134a flowing in a plate heat exchanger. Correlation schemes proposed by Yan and Lin (1999b) for modeling the heat transfer coefficient in both a single- phase

Kandlikar, Satish

208

Determination of thermodynamic properties of an alternative refrigerant (R407c) using artificial neural network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermodynamic analysis of the refrigeration systems is too complex because of thermodynamic properties equations of working fluids, involving the solution of complex differential equations. To simplify this complex process, this paper proposes a new ... Keywords: Artificial neural networks, Ozone safe refrigerant, R407c, Thermodynamic properties

Adnan Szen; Erol Arcaklio?lu; Tayfun Menlik; Mehmet zalp

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Cryogenic refrigeration apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A technique for producing a cold environment in a refrigerant system in which input fluid from a compressor at a first temperature is introduced into an input channel of the system and is pre-cooled to a second temperature for supply to one of at least two stages of the system, and to a third temperature for supply to another stage thereof. The temperatures at such stages are reduced to fourth and fifth temperatures below the second and third temperatures, respectively. Fluid at the fourth temperature from the one stage is returned through the input channel to the compressor and fluid at the fifth temperature from the other stage is returned to the compressor through an output channel so that pre-cooling of the input fluid to the one stage occurs by regenerative cooling and counterflow cooling and pre-cooling of the input fluid to the other stage occurs primarily by counterflow cooling.

Crunkleton, James A. (Cambridge, MA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

The Quantum Absorption Refrigerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A quantum absorption refrigerator driven by noise is studied with the purpose of determining the limitations of cooling to absolute zero. The model consists of a working medium coupled simultaneously to hot, cold and noise baths. Explicit expressions for the cooling power are obtained for Gaussian and Poisson white noise. The quantum model is consistent with the first and second laws of thermodynamics. The third law is quantified, the cooling power J_c vanishes as J_c proportional to T_c^{alpha}, when T_c approach 0, where alpha =d+1 for dissipation by emission and absorption of quanta described by a linear coupling to a thermal bosonic field, where d is the dimension of the bath.

Amikam Levy; Ronnie Kosloff

2011-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

211

Synopsis of residential refrigerator/freezer alternative refrigerants evaluation  

SciTech Connect

The experimental testing on residential refrigerator/freezers (R/Fs) is summarized in this paper. R/F testing focused on two areas: alternative refrigerants and equipment configurations. The refrigerants evaluated consisted of single components, azeotropes, and zeotropes derived from hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and hydrocarbons (HCs). These refrigerants were evaluated in conventional and unconventional R/F designs. Major and minor design modifications were studied. Minor modifications consisted of various capillary tube lengths, door insulations, and compressors, while major modifications included two-evaporator and two-cycle R/F systems. Results obtained from testing the two-cycle system will be discussed in a later paper. This paper presents the experimental results of alternative technologies evaluated as replacements for ozone depleting chemicals.

Baskin, E. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

212

Refrigerator-freezer energy testing with alternative refrigerants  

SciTech Connect

As a result of the Montreal Protocol (UNEP 1987) that limits the production of ozone-depleting refrigerants, manufacturers are searching for alternatives to replace the R12 that is presently used in residential refrigerator-freezers. Before an alternative can be selected, several issues must resolved. Among these are energy impacts, system compatibility, cost, and availability, In an effort to determine the energy impacts of some of the alternatives, energy consumption tests were performed in accordance with section 8 of the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) standard for household refrigerators and household freezers (AHAM 1985). The results are presented for an 18 ft{sup 3} (0.51 m{sup 3}), top mount refrigerators-freezer with a static condenser using the following refrigerants: R 12, R500, R12/dimethylether (DME), R22/R142b, and R134a. Conclusions from the AHAM test are that R500 and R12/DME have a reduced energy consumption relative to R12 when replaced in the test unit with no modifications to the refrigeration system. Run times were slightly lower than R12 for both refrigerants, indicating a higher capacity. While the R134a and R22/R142b results were less promising (6.8% and 8.5% higher energy consumption, respectively), changes to the refrigeration system, such as a different capillary tube or compressor, may improve their performance. It is noted that the test results are only an initial step in determining a replacement for R12.

Sand, J.R. (Oak Ridge National Lab., Oak Ridge, TN (US)); Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

MagLab - Dilution Refrigerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in science. Using a condensationevaporation cycle not unlike that of a kitchen refrigerator, a dil fridge takes 4.2 K liquid helium way down to 1.5 K. The animation below...

214

Analysis of simultaneous cooling and heating in supermarket refrigeration systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In this master thesis project, conventional supermarket refrigeration systems using R404A are compared with refrigeration system solutions using natural refrigerants such as carbon dioxide (more)

Marigny, Johan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

China Refrigerator Information Label: Specification Development and Potential Impact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

years. About 20% of refrigerators and freezers sold in 2000energy efficiency of refrigerators and freezers, Directiveof Energy, for refrigerators and freezers are base unit

Fridley, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Analysis of heat recovery in supermarket refrigeration system using carbon dioxide as refrigerant.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The aim of this study is to investigate the heat recovery potential in supermarket refrigeration systems using CO2 as refrigerants. The theoretical control strategy (more)

Abdi, Amir

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

GEA Refrigeration Technologies / GEA Refrigeration Germany GmbH Wolfgang Dietrich / Dr. Ole Fredrich  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GEA Refrigeration Technologies / GEA Refrigeration Germany GmbH Wolfgang Dietrich / Dr. Ole Technologies3 Achema 2012 // heat pumps using ammonia Industrial demand on heat in Germany Heatdemandin

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

218

Midea: Proposed Penalty (2013-SE-1505) | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Midea Air-Conditioning Equipment Co. Ltd. manufactured and distributed noncompliant room air conditioner basic model MWJ1-08ERN1-BI8 in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers...

219

Bigwall: Proposed Penalty (2014-SE-15006) | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Enterprises, Inc. privately labeled and distributed noncompliant PerfectAire brand room air conditioner model PACH8000 in the U.S. Federal law subjects manufacturers and private...

220

BSH Home Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-23013) | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Electrolux: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-23015) | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been...

222

Viking Range: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-23014) | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been...

223

Purcell-Murray: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-23019) | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been...

224

Distinctive Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-23020) | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been...

225

Prizer-Painter: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-23005) | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been...

226

Versonel: Proposed Penalty (2014-CE-21009) | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been...

227

Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 Residential Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 - v2.8.xlsx More Documents & Publications Refrigerators and...

228

Dynamic Exergy Analysis of a Solar Ejector Refrigeration System with Hot Water Storage Tank  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A dynamic model is proposed to use in investigating the exergy analysis of a solar ejector refrigeration system using R141, for office ... in Tehran. Classical hourly outdoor temperature and solar radiation model...

Hooman Golchoobian; Ali Behbahaninia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Sensitivity Analysis of Proposed LNG liquefaction Processes for LNG FPSO.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The four liquefaction processes proposed as a good candidate for LNG FPSO are simulated and evaluated. These processes include a single mixed refrigerant (SMR), (more)

Pwaga, Sultan Seif

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

China Refrigerator Information Label: Specification Development and Potential Impact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Household Refrigerator Market and Energy Conservation Regulations in Japan.Household Refrigerator Market and Energy Conservation Regulations in Japan

Fridley, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Thermoelectric refrigerator having improved temperature stabilization means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A control system for thermoelectric refrigerators is disclosed. The thermoelectric refrigerator includes at least one thermoelectric element that undergoes a first order change at a predetermined critical temperature. The element functions as a thermoelectric refrigerator element above the critical temperature, but discontinuously ceases to function as a thermoelectric refrigerator element below the critical temperature. One example of such an arrangement includes thermoelectric refrigerator elements which are superconductors. The transition temperature of one of the superconductor elements is selected as the temperature control point of the refrigerator. When the refrigerator attempts to cool below the point, the metals become superconductors losing their ability to perform as a thermoelectric refrigerator. An extremely accurate, first-order control is realized.

Falco, Charles M. (Woodridge, IL)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Synthesis of Cascade Refrigeration and Liquefaction Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthesis of Cascade Refrigeration and Liquefaction Systems ... Current Status and Perspectives of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Plant Design ...

Francisco J. Barns; C. Judson King

1974-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Interactive Synthesis of Cascade Refrigeration Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interactive Synthesis of Cascade Refrigeration Systems ... Current Status and Perspectives of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Plant Design ...

Wai Biu Cheng; Richard S. H. Mah

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Evaluation of design options for improving the energy efficiency of an environmentally safe domestic refrigerator-freezer  

SciTech Connect

In order to reduce greenhouse emissions from power plants and respond to regulatory actions arising from the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA), several design options were investigated for improving the energy efficiency of a conventionally designed, domestic refrigerator-freezer. The options, such as improved cabinet insulation and high-efficiency compressor and fans, were incorporated into a prototype refrigerator-freezer cabinet and refrigeration system to produce a unit that is superior from an environmental viewpoint due to its lower energy consumption and the use of refrigerant HFC-134a as a replacement for CFC-12. Baseline energy performance of the original 1993 production refrigerator-freezer, along with cabinet heat load and compressor calorimeter test results, were extensively documented to provide a firm basis for experimentally measured energy savings. A detailed refrigerator system computer model was used to evaluate the energy savings for several design modifications that, collectively, could achieve a targeted energy consumption of 1.00 kWh/d for a 20 ft{sup 3} (570 l) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. The energy consumption goal represents a 50% reduction in the 1993 NAECA standard for units of this size. Following the modeling simulation, laboratory prototypes were fabricated and tested to experimentally verify the analytical results and aid in improving the model in those areas where discrepancies occurred. While the 1.00 kWh/d goal was not achieved with the modifications, a substantial energy efficiency improvement of 22% (1.41 kWh/d) was demonstrated using near-term technologies. It is noted that each improvement exacts a penalty in terms of increased cost or system complexity/reliability. Further work on this project will analyze cost-effectiveness of the design changes and investigate alternative, more-elaborate, refrigeration system changes to further reduce energy consumption.

Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bohman, R.H.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Wheel-type magnetic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to a wheel-type magnetic refrigerator capable of cooling over a large temperature range. Ferromagnetic or paramagnetic porous materials are layered circumferentially according to their Curie temperature. The innermost layer has the lowest Curie temperature and the outermost layer has the highest Curie temperature. The wheel is rotated through a magnetic field perpendicular to the axis of the wheel and parallel to its direction of rotation. A fluid is pumped through portions of the layers using inner and outer manifolds to achieve refrigeration of a thermal load. 7 figs.

Barclay, J.A.

1983-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

236

DOE Collects $80,000 Civil Penalty From Showerhead Manufacturer...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Collects 80,000 Civil Penalty From Showerhead Manufacturer DOE Collects 80,000 Civil Penalty From Showerhead Manufacturer August 10, 2011 - 4:54pm Addthis The DOE Office of...

237

Analysis of household refrigerators for different testing standards  

SciTech Connect

This study highlights the salient differences among various testing standards for household refrigerator-freezers and proposes a methodology for predicting the performance of a single evaporator-based vapor-compression refrigeration system (either refrigerator or freezer) from one test standard (where the test data are available-the reference case) to another (the alternative case). The standards studied during this investigation include the Australian-New Zealand Standard (ANZS), the International Standard (ISO), the American National Standard (ANSI), the Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS), and the Chinese National Standard (CNS). A simple analysis in conjunction with the BICYCLE model (Bansal and Rice 1993) is used to calculate the energy consumption of two refrigerator cabinets from the reference case to the alternative cases. The proposed analysis includes the effect of door openings (as required by the JIS) as well as defrost heaters. The analytical results are found to agree reasonably well with the experimental observations for translating energy consumption information from one standard to another.

Bansal, P.K. [Univ. of Auckland (New Zealand). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; McGill, I. [Fischer and Paykel Ltd., Auckland (New Zealand)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

The mixed capacitated general routing problem with turn penalties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we deal with the mixed capacitated general routing problem with turn penalties. This problem generalizes many important arc and node routing problems, and it takes into account turn penalties and forbidden turns, which are crucial in many ... Keywords: Capacitated general routing problem, Transformation, Turn penalties, Vehicle routing

Olli Brysy; Eulalia Martnez; Yuichi Nagata; David Soler

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Covered Product Category: Residential Refrigerators  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including residential refrigerators, which are an ENERGY STAR-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

240

A combined power and ejector refrigeration cycle for low temperature heat sources  

SciTech Connect

A combined power and ejector refrigeration cycle for low temperature heat sources is under investigation in this paper. The proposed cycle combines the organic Rankine cycle and the ejector refrigeration cycle. The ejector is driven by the exhausts from the turbine to produce power and refrigeration simultaneously. A simulation was carried out to analyze the cycle performance using R245fa as the working fluid. A thermal efficiency of 34.1%, an effective efficiency of 18.7% and an exergy efficiency of 56.8% can be obtained at a generating temperature of 395 K, a condensing temperature of 298 K and an evaporating temperature of 280 K. Simulation results show that the proposed cycle has a big potential to produce refrigeration and most exergy losses take place in the ejector. (author)

Zheng, B.; Weng, Y.W. [School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

DOE Issues Guidance on Civil Penalties for EPCA Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Issues Guidance on Civil Penalties for EPCA Energy Efficiency Issues Guidance on Civil Penalties for EPCA Energy Efficiency Violations DOE Issues Guidance on Civil Penalties for EPCA Energy Efficiency Violations May 7, 2010 - 12:50pm Addthis Today, the Department of Energy issued Guidance on the Imposition of Civil Penalties for Violations of EPCA Standards and Certification Obligations. As explained in the Guidance, the Department's penalty policy is intended to advance three goals: (1) to deter future violations; (2) to ensure consistency and equity in the assessment of penalties; and (3) to encourage complete and timely resolution of any instances of non-compliance. The Department also sets forth its basic approach to the imposition of penalties for violations of DOE's standards and certification requirements. A complete version of the Guidance is available here.

242

DOE Issues Guidance on Civil Penalties for EPCA Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidance on Civil Penalties for EPCA Energy Efficiency Guidance on Civil Penalties for EPCA Energy Efficiency Violations DOE Issues Guidance on Civil Penalties for EPCA Energy Efficiency Violations May 7, 2010 - 12:50pm Addthis Today, the Department of Energy issued Guidance on the Imposition of Civil Penalties for Violations of EPCA Standards and Certification Obligations. As explained in the Guidance, the Department's penalty policy is intended to advance three goals: (1) to deter future violations; (2) to ensure consistency and equity in the assessment of penalties; and (3) to encourage complete and timely resolution of any instances of non-compliance. The Department also sets forth its basic approach to the imposition of penalties for violations of DOE's standards and certification requirements. A complete version of the Guidance is available here.

243

Dry dilution refrigerator with 4He-1K-loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we summarize experimental work on cryogen-free 3He/4He dilution refrigerators which, in addition to the dilution refrigeration circuit, are equipped with a 4He-1K-stage. This type of DR becomes worth considering when high cooling capacities are needed at T ~ 1 K to cool cold amplifiers and heat sink cables. In our application, the motivation for the construction of this type of cryostat was to do experiments on superconducting quantum circuits for quantum information technology and quantum simulations. In other work, DRs with 1K-stage were proposed for astro-physical cryostats. For neutron scattering research, a top-loading cryogen-free DR with 1K-stage was built which was equipped with a standard commercial dilution refrigeration insert. Cooling powers of up to 100 mW have been reached with our 1K-stage, but higher refrigeration powers were achieved with more powerful pulse tube cryocoolers and higher 4He circulation rates in the 1K-loop. Several different versions of a 1K-loop have been test...

Uhlig, Kurt

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Simulating effects of multispeed compressors on refrigerator/freezer performance  

SciTech Connect

Simulation analyses suggest that a multispeed compressor could increase steady-state operating efficiency by 4% to 14%. An additional 0.5% to 4% energy savings might be obtained from the reduction in the cycling frequency of the refrigerator. Several aspects of the robustness of the capillary tube-suction line heat exchanger design for the two-speed compressor system were also examined with the simulation model. It was shown that a system optimized for low-speed operation, when operating at the high speed, could have as much capacity as the original base case high-speed system. A relatively simple control strategy was proposed, one that requires measurement of on-cycle time and one or two compartment air temperatures. The effects of varying the speed of the evaporator or condenser fans at both compressor speeds were examined over a range of ambient temperatures. One energy-saving scenario was identified: decreasing the condenser fan speed for refrigerators operating at low ambient temperatures. By affecting the distribution of refrigerant change throughout the system, the decrease in condenser fan speed reduces the superheat in the evaporator and increases the overall UA of the evaporator. The resulting increase in evaporator capacity more than offsets the decrease in condenser UA and the energy use of the refrigerator is decreased.

Woodall, R.J. [International Paper Technology, Mobile, AL (United States); Bullard, C.W. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Center

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

245

New Regenerative Cycle for Vapor Compression Refrigeration  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SCIENTIFIC REPORT SCIENTIFIC REPORT Title Page Project Title: New Regenerative Cycle for Vapor Compression Refrigeration DOE Award Number: DE-FG36-04GO14327 Document Title: Final Scientific Report Period Covered by Report: September 30, 2004 to September 30, 2005 Name and Address of Recipient Organization: Magnetic Development, Inc., 68 Winterhill Road, Madison, CT 06443, phone: 203-214-7247, fax: 203-421-7948, e-mail: mjb1000@aol.com Contact Information: Mark J. Bergander, Ph.D., P.E., Principal Investigator, phone: 203-214-7247, fax: 203-421-7948, e-mail: mjb1000@aol.com Project Objective (as stated in the proposal): The main objective of this project is to confirm on a well-instrumented prototype the theoretically derived claims of higher efficiency and coefficient

246

Quantum-enhanced absorption refrigerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamics is a branch of science blessed by an unparalleled combination of generality of scope and formal simplicity. Based on few natural assumptions together with the four laws, it sets the boundaries between possible and impossible in macroscopic aggregates of matter. This triggered groundbreaking achievements in physics, chemistry and engineering over the last two centuries. Close analogues of those fundamental laws are now being established at the level of individual quantum systems, thus placing limits on the operation of quantum-mechanical devices. Here we study quantum absorption refrigerators, which are driven by heat rather than external work. We establish thermodynamic performance bounds for these machines and investigate their quantum origin. We also show how those bounds may be pushed beyond what is classically achievable, by suitably tailoring the environmental fluctuations via quantum reservoir engineering techniques. Such superefficient quantum-enhanced cooling realises a promising step towards the technological exploitation of autonomous quantum refrigerators.

Luis A. Correa; Jos P. Palao; Daniel Alonso; Gerardo Adesso

2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

247

IMPACTS OF REFRIGERANTLINE LENGTH ON SYSTEM EFFICIENCY IN RESIDENTIAL HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEMS USING REFRIGERANT DISTRIBUTION.  

SciTech Connect

The effects on system efficiency of excess refrigerant line length are calculated for an idealized residential heating and cooling system. By excess line length is meant refrigerant tubing in excess of the 25 R provided for in standard equipment efficiency test methods. The purpose of the calculation is to provide input for a proposed method for evaluating refrigerant distribution system efficiency. A refrigerant distribution system uses refrigerant (instead of ducts or pipes) to carry heat and/or cooling effect from the equipment to the spaces in the building in which it is used. Such systems would include so-called mini-splits as well as more conventional split systems that for one reason or another have the indoor and outdoor coils separated by more than 25 ft. This report performs first-order calculations of the effects on system efficiency, in both the heating and cooling modes, of pressure drops within the refrigerant lines and of heat transfer between the refrigerant lines and the space surrounding them.

ANDREWS, J.W.

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

HFC supermarket refrigeration demonstration. Phases 1 and 2  

SciTech Connect

The HFC Supermarket Refrigeration Demonstration tested and evaluated HFC refrigerants in a new Shop `n Save supermarket in Glens Falls, New York. This project included laboratory testing of HFC refrigerants for medium- and low-temperature application, the design of a supermarket refrigeration system to accommodate the new refrigerants, installation, start-up, and field monitoring.

Borhanian, H.; Rafuse, L.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Suction muffler for refrigeration compressor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hermetic refrigeration compressor includes a suction muffler formed from two pieces of plastic material mounted on the cylinder housing. One piece is cylindrical in shape with an end wall having an aperture for receiving a suction tube connected to the cylinder head. The other piece fits over and covers the other end of the cylindrical piece, and includes a flaring entrance horn which extends toward the return line on the sidewall of the compressor shell. 5 figs.

Nelson, R.T.; Middleton, M.G.

1983-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

250

Solar sorption refrigeration in Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Solar sorption refrigeration technologies are regarded as a promising way to meet the growing refrigeration needs in Africa, for thermal comfort, foods and crops, vaccines and medicines conservation. Sorption technologies projects and studies have been reported in Africa since the late 1970s. This paper describes the most representative reported research activities and projects in various African climatic conditions. An emphasis is put on demonstrative plants involving absorption, adsorption or desiccant cooling applications. From this overview, it appears that a lot of achievements have been made, though applications are mainly focused on small-size cold boxes for foods and vaccines preservation; no direct building air conditioning based on adsorption or absorption has been reported. Mediterranean countries seems to offer the best weather conditions for solar sorption refrigeration applications and plenty of related activities could be identified in these countries. A more adequate design for each of other climatic zones in Africa may then be relevant. As anywhere, the high cost of these technologies remains the main the biggest brake to their diffusion in Africa.

Kokouvi Edem NTsoukpoe; Daniel Yamegueu; Justin Bassole

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Waste-heat-driven refrigeration plants for freezer trawlers  

SciTech Connect

An analysis is made of the possibility of utilizing waste heat from a proposed gas-turbine fishing-vessel propulsion engine to power a refrigeration plant. On the basis of superior volume, maintenance and reliability, and cost and availability, the ammonia-water absorption system is chosen over the other waste-heat-driven option considered. It is found to be comparable in volume and in maintenance and reliability to the conventional vapor-compression system.

Kellen, A.D.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Solid-Vapor Sorption Refrigeration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adsorbents in heat pump cycles: 1. A high usable refrigerant mass per unit mass of adsorbent. 2. A high energy of adsorption and desorption. 3. Heat flows and composition changes occur at constant temperature. The advantages of complex compounds... 2. Useable refrigerant densities. Summarizing, complex compound exhibit inherent characteristics which make them ideal adsorbents in heat pump cycles: 1. A high usable refrigerant mass per unit mass of adsorbent. 2. A high energy of adsorption...

Graebel, W.; Rockenfeller, U.; Kirol, L.

253

List of Refrigerators Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Refrigerators Incentives Refrigerators Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 657 Refrigerators Incentives. CSV (rows 1-500) CSV (rows 501-657) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP Ohio - Commercial Custom Project Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Boilers Central Air conditioners Chillers Custom/Others pending approval Furnaces Heat pumps Heat recovery Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Processing and Manufacturing Equipment Refrigerators Yes AEP Ohio - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Commercial Fed. Government Industrial

254

Natural Refrigerant (R-729) Heat Pump  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Manufactured in the U.S. 2 Problem Statement * Current commercial and industrial heat pumps - Poor coefficient of performance (COP) at low temperatures * HFC refrigerant...

255

Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial refrigerators and freezers, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

256

Design of Industrial Process Refrigeration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DESIGN OF INDUSTRIAL PROCESS REfRIGERATION SYSTEMS W.O. WITHERELL AOVENTg Technolog1st Un10n Carb1de Corporat1on South Charleston, West V1rg~n1a ABSTRACT ~hen considering electric driven refrigeration compressors, proper integration... to several canple~ processes that ut iii ze refr igerat ion systems. In IOClSt cases the design of a cOOlllex refrigeration system in isolation (i.e., without considering process integration) generallv results in non-ptilTUll refrigeration levels...

Witherell, W. D.

257

Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

vending machines are equipped with controls or software that put the lighting andor refrigeration systems into a low power state at night, on weekends, or other periods of...

258

IIR Workshop on Refrigerant Charge Reduction in Refrigerating Systems Corresponding author: P. Leblay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3rd IIR Workshop on Refrigerant Charge Reduction in Refrigerating Systems Corresponding author: P on the refrigerant side and louver fins on the air side. The flat tubes are grouped within a header, to use the heat exchangers with round tubes, such as charge reduction and higher heat transfer efficiency. But a reduced

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

259

Layer of protection analysis applied to ammonia refrigeration systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ammonia refrigeration systems are widely used in industry. Demand of these systems is expected to increase due to the advantages of ammonia as refrigerant and because ammonia is considered a green refrigerant. Therefore, it is important to evaluate...

Zuniga, Gerald Alexander

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

DOE EPCA Commercial Refrigeration Standards - EERE-2010-BT-STD-0003 / (RIN)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE EPCA Commercial Refrigeration Standards - EERE-2010-BT-STD-0003 DOE EPCA Commercial Refrigeration Standards - EERE-2010-BT-STD-0003 / (RIN) 1904-AC19 DOE EPCA Commercial Refrigeration Standards - EERE-2010-BT-STD-0003 / (RIN) 1904-AC19 In today's call we discussed the new CRE proposed standard and how ControlTec anti-sweat controls can help meet those standards without sacrificing equipment performance or integrity. We have a revolutionary product that is the only in the business that has built in Measurement & Verification (M&V). All other anti-sweat heater controls are old technology that has algorithm's to estimate store conditions inaccurately. EPCA Commercial Refrigeration Standards.pdf More Documents & Publications General Electric: ENERGY STAR Referral (PFSF5NFZ****) Docket No. EERE- 2008-BT-STD-0005, RIN 1904-AB57 Ex parte

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Microsoft Word - Penalty Guidance 5 7 2010 _final_.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidance on the Imposition of Civil Penalties for Violations of EPCA Guidance on the Imposition of Civil Penalties for Violations of EPCA Conservation Standards and Certification Obligations The U.S. Department of Energy (Department or DOE) issues this guidance on civil penalties for violations of the Department's energy and water conservation standards and requirements. 1 In this Guidance, we (1) provide background on DOE's penalty authority; (2) explain our penalty policy; and (3) set forth our basic approach to the imposition of penalties for violations of DOE's standards and certification requirements. I. Background The Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975, as amended, (EPCA or the Act) authorizes the Department to enforce compliance with the energy and water conservation standards established for certain consumer products and commercial equipment. 42 U.S.C. §§

262

Improvement of the Performance for an Absorption Refrigeration System with Lithium bromide-water as Refrigerant by Increasing Absorption Pressure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Because the absorption refrigeration system uses the Lithium bromide- water solution as refrigerant, it is profitable for the environment that human beings are living since the values of ODP and GWP of the refrigerant almost are zero. However...

Xie, G.; Sheng, G.; Li, G.; Pan, S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines to someone by E-mail Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on AddThis.com...

264

DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations April 12, 2010 - 7:27pm...

265

Corrosion aspects in indirect systems with secondary refrigerants.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Aqueous solutions of organic or inorganic salts are used as secondary refrigerants in indirect refrigeration systems to transport and transfer heat. Water is known (more)

Ignatowicz, Monika

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Center. Life Cycle Climate Performance of supermarket refrigeration.
Credit: Oak Ridge National Lab Life Cycle Climate Performance of supermarket refrigeration....

267

Transportation Refrigeration Unit (TRU) Retrofit with HUSS Active...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Transportation Refrigeration Unit (TRU) Retrofit with HUSS Active Diesel Particulate Filters Transportation Refrigeration Unit (TRU) Retrofit with HUSS Active Diesel Particulate...

268

DOE Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star Requirements DOE Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star Requirements March 16, 2010 - 4:28pm...

269

2014-04-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Refrigeration...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment; Final Rule 2014-04-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment; Final Rule This document...

270

Chapter 7, Refrigerator Recycling Evaluation Protocol: The Uniform...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

of refrigerators recycled through the program EXISTINGUEC The average annual unit energy consumption of participating refrigerators PARTUSE The portion of the year the...

271

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013 Peer Review Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013 Peer Review...

272

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013 Peer Review Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013 Peer Review Emerging Technologies...

273

Closed cycle liquid helium refrigerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed closed cycle liquid helium refrigerators using a Joule Thomson circuit precooled by commercially available two staged Gifford Mac Mahon cryocoolers. The Joule Thomson counterflow heat exchangers are modular and have been thermo-hydraulically characterized. Fully automatic cool down and operation are achieved by two pneumatically driven by pass and expansion valves. Several apparatus have been built or are under assembly with cooling power ranging from 100 mW up to 5 Watt, for temperature ranging from 2.8 K up to 4.5 K. A trouble free operation with several warm up and cool down cycles has been proven over 7000 hours.

G. Claudet; R. Lagnier; A. Ravex

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Seven-effect absorption refrigeration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A seven-effect absorption refrigeration cycle is disclosed utilizing three absorption circuits. In addition, a heat exchanger is used for heating the generator of the low absorption circuit with heat rejected from the condenser and absorber of the medium absorption circuit. A heat exchanger is also provided for heating the generator of the medium absorption circuit with heat rejected from the condenser and absorber of the high absorption circuit. If desired, another heat exchanger can also be provided for heating the evaporator of the high absorption circuit with rejected heat from either the condenser or absorber of the low absorption circuit. 1 fig.

DeVault, R.C.; Biermann, W.J.

1989-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

275

Seven-effect absorption refrigeration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A seven-effect absorption refrigeration cycle is disclosed utilizing three absorption circuits. In addition, a heat exchanger is used for heating the generator of the low absorption circuit with heat rejected from the condenser and absorber of the medium absorption circuit. A heat exchanger is also provided for heating the generator of the medium absorption circuit with heat rejected from the condenser and absorber of the high absorption circuit. If desired, another heat exchanger can also be provided for heating the evaporator of the high absorption circuit with rejected heat from either the condenser or absorber of the low absorption circuit.

DeVault, Robert C. (Knoxville, TN); Biermann, Wendell J. (Fayetteville, NY)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Air-Con International: Noncompliance Determination and Proposed...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

conservation standards. DOE also alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Air-Con imported and distributed the noncompliant products in the U.S. Federal law...

277

Optimization Online - A Power Penalty Method for Second-order ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 26, 2014 ... A Power Penalty Method for Second-order Cone Nonlinear Complementarity Problems. Zijun Hao(haozijun ***at*** whu.edu.cn) Zhongping...

Zijun Hao

2014-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

278

Modeling supermarket refrigeration energy use and demand  

SciTech Connect

A computer model has been developed that can predict the performance of supermarket refrigeration equipment to within 3% of field test measurements. The Supermarket Refrigeration Energy Use and Demand Model has been used to simulate currently available refrigerants R-12, R-502 and R-22, and is being further developed to address alternative refrigerants. This paper reports that the model is expected to be important in the design, selection and operation of cost-effective, high-efficiency refrigeration systems. It can profile the operation and performance of different types of compressors, condensors, refrigerants and display cases. It can also simulate the effects of store humidity and temperature on display cases; the efficiency of various floating head pressure setpoints, defrost alternatives and subcooling methods; the efficiency and amount of heat reclaim from refrigeration systems; and the influence of other variables such as store lighting and building design. It can also be used to evaluate operational strategies such as variable-speed drive or cylinder unloading for capacity control. Development of the model began in 1986 as part of a major effort, sponsored by the U.S. electric utility industry, to evaluate energy performance of then conventional single compressor and state-of-the-art multiplex refrigeration systems, and to characterize the contribution of a variety of technology enhancement features on system energy use and demand.

Blatt, M.H.; Khattar, M.K. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (US)); Walker, D.H. (Foster Miller Inc., Waltham, MA (US))

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Dynamic simulation of a reverse Brayton refrigerator  

SciTech Connect

A test refrigerator based on the modified Reverse Brayton cycle has been developed in the Chinese Academy of Sciences recently. To study the behaviors of this test refrigerator, a dynamic simulation has been carried out. The numerical model comprises the typical components of the test refrigerator: compressor, valves, heat exchangers, expander and heater. This simulator is based on the oriented-object approach and each component is represented by a set of differential and algebraic equations. The control system of the test refrigerator is also simulated, which can be used to optimize the control strategies. This paper describes all the models and shows the simulation results. Comparisons between simulation results and experimental data are also presented. Experimental validation on the test refrigerator gives satisfactory results.

Peng, N.; Xiong, L. Y.; Dong, B.; Liu, L. Q. [State Key Laboratory of Technologies in Space Cryogenic Propellants, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, CAS, Beijing, 100190 (China); Lei, L. L.; Tang, J. C. [State Key Laboratory of Technologies in Space Cryogenic Propellants, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, CAS, Beijing, 100190 China and Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190 (China)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

280

E-Print Network 3.0 - absolute penalties family Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for: absolute penalties family Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Penalty Functions Alice E. Smith and David W. Coit Summary: Penalty Functions Alice E. Smith and David W. Coit...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Oil cooled, hermetic refrigerant compressor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hermetic refrigerant compressor having an electric motor and compressor assembly in a hermetic shell is cooled by oil which is first cooled in an external cooler 18 and is then delivered through the shell to the top of the motor rotor 24 where most of it is flung radially outwardly within the confined space provided by the cap 50 which channels the flow of most of the oil around the top of the stator 26 and then out to a multiplicity of holes 52 to flow down to the sump and provide further cooling of the motor and compressor. Part of the oil descends internally of the motor to the annular chamber 58 to provide oil cooling of the lower part of the motor, with this oil exiting through vent hole 62 also to the sump. Suction gas with entrained oil and liquid refrigerant therein is delivered to an oil separator 68 from which the suction gas passes by a confined path in pipe 66 to the suction plenum 64 and the separated oil drops from the separator to the sump. By providing the oil cooling of the parts, the suction gas is not used for cooling purposes and accordingly increase in superheat is substantially avoided in the passage of the suction gas through the shell to the suction plenum 64.

English, William A. (Murrysville, PA); Young, Robert R. (Murrysville, PA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Oil cooled, hermetic refrigerant compressor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hermetic refrigerant compressor having an electric motor and compressor assembly in a hermetic shell is cooled by oil which is first cooled in an external cooler and is then delivered through the shell to the top of the motor rotor where most of it is flung radially outwardly within the confined space provided by the cap which channels the flow of most of the oil around the top of the stator and then out to a multiplicity of holes to flow down to the sump and provide further cooling of the motor and compressor. Part of the oil descends internally of the motor to the annular chamber to provide oil cooling of the lower part of the motor, with this oil exiting through vent hole also to the sump. Suction gas with entrained oil and liquid refrigerant therein is delivered to an oil separator from which the suction gas passes by a confined path in pipe to the suction plenum and the separated oil drops from the separator to the sump. By providing the oil cooling of the parts, the suction gas is not used for cooling purposes and accordingly increase in superheat is substantially avoided in the passage of the suction gas through the shell to the suction plenum. 3 figs.

English, W.A.; Young, R.R.

1985-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

283

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 27540 of 29,416 results. 31 - 27540 of 29,416 results. Download Refrigerator Manufacturers: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5341) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Refrigerator Manufacturers, LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/refrigerator-manufacturers-proposed-penalty-2013-ce-5341 Download Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing Company, LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/duracold-refrigeration-manufacturing-proposed-penalty-2013-ce-5342

284

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

51 - 14360 of 26,764 results. 51 - 14360 of 26,764 results. Download Refrigerator Manufacturers: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5341) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Refrigerator Manufacturers, LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/refrigerator-manufacturers-proposed-penalty-2013-ce-5341 Download Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing Company, LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/duracold-refrigeration-manufacturing-proposed-penalty-2013-ce-5342

285

Online scheduling with preemption or non-completion penalties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider online preemptive scheduling problems where jobs have deadlines and the objective is to maximize the total weight of jobs completed before their deadlines. In the first problem, preemptions are not free but incur a penalty. In the second ... Keywords: Competitive analysis, Immediate decision, Immediate notification, Online algorithms, Preemption penalty

Stanley P. Fung

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Process Systems Engineering Optimal Synthesis of Refrigeration Cycles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Process Systems Engineering Optimal Synthesis of Refrigeration Cycles and Selection of Refrigerants, University Park, PA 16802 The optimal synthesis of the refrigeration configuration and the selection of the best refrigerants that satisfy a set of process cooling duties at different temperatures is ad- dressed

Maranas, Costas

287

Civil Penalty Actions For Certification Violations Resolved | Department of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Civil Penalty Actions For Certification Violations Resolved Civil Penalty Actions For Certification Violations Resolved Civil Penalty Actions For Certification Violations Resolved May 6, 2010 - 12:39pm Addthis Today, the Department of Energy announced that it had resolved civil penalty actions against four showerhead manufacturers for having violated the Department's water conservation certification regulations. To resolve these actions Zoe Industries, Altmans Products LLC, EZ-FLO International, and Watermark Designs Ltd. have now certified that their showerheads meet federal water conservation standards and collectively will pay civil penalties of $165,104. DOE had initiated cases against the four manufacturers on January 25th, alleging that they had failed to submit required documents to DOE demonstrating compliance with federal

288

Civil Penalty Actions For Certification Violations Resolved | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Civil Penalty Actions For Certification Violations Resolved Civil Penalty Actions For Certification Violations Resolved Civil Penalty Actions For Certification Violations Resolved May 6, 2010 - 12:39pm Addthis Today, the Department of Energy announced that it had resolved civil penalty actions against four showerhead manufacturers for having violated the Department's water conservation certification regulations. To resolve these actions Zoe Industries, Altmans Products LLC, EZ-FLO International, and Watermark Designs Ltd. have now certified that their showerheads meet federal water conservation standards and collectively will pay civil penalties of $165,104. DOE had initiated cases against the four manufacturers on January 25th, alleging that they had failed to submit required documents to DOE demonstrating compliance with federal

289

Proceedings: commercial refrigeration research workshop. Summary  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this workshop was to identify the state-of-the-art and determine research needs for improving energy use and demand in commercial refrigeration applications. Workshop attendees included research and development, technical operations and marketing people from manufacturers of supermarket refrigeration, space conditioning, and energy management systems equipment, and from supermarket chains and electric utilities. Presentations were given on best current practice and research needs from the perspective of each of these industry segments. Working groups identified ten important research, development and equipment demonstration projects to improve the efficiency of refrigerating equipment, heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) equipment, and other energy-using systems in supermarkets.

Blatt, M.H.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Refrigerant charge management in a heat pump water heater  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Heat pumps that heat or cool a space and that also heat water, refrigerant management systems for such heat pumps, methods of managing refrigerant charge, and methods for heating and cooling a space and heating water. Various embodiments deliver refrigerant gas to a heat exchanger that is not needed for transferring heat, drive liquid refrigerant out of that heat exchanger, isolate that heat exchanger against additional refrigerant flowing into it, and operate the heat pump while the heat exchanger is isolated. The heat exchanger can be isolated by closing an electronic expansion valve, actuating a refrigerant management valve, or both. Refrigerant charge can be controlled or adjusted by controlling how much liquid refrigerant is driven from the heat exchanger, by letting refrigerant back into the heat exchanger, or both. Heat pumps can be operated in different modes of operation, and segments of refrigerant conduit can be interconnected with various components.

Chen, Jie; Hampton, Justin W.

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

291

PhD student in Energy Technology, specifically in Commercial refrigeration systems with CO2 as refrigerant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the use of carbon dioxide as refrigerant in supermarket refrigeration systems. The work includes fieldPhD student in Energy Technology, specifically in Commercial refrigeration systems with CO2 a PhD student in Energy Technology, specifically Commercial refrigeration systems with CO2

Kazachkov, Ivan

292

Energy-conservation program: notice of proposed rulemaking  

SciTech Connect

A notice of proposed rulemaking, proposing energy efficiency standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, room air conditioners, home heating equipment (not including furnaces) kitchen ranges and ovens, and central air conditioners ispresented. Comments are invited and the procedure for public comment is detailed. Issues included and presented in the proposed rulemaking are: determination of energy efficiency levels, macro-economic analysis, certification and enforcement, effect on other law, small business exemptions, environmental assessment, and regulatory analysis. (MCW)

Not Available

1980-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

293

Status of not-in-kind refrigeration technologies for household space conditioning, water heating and food refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a review of the next generation not-in-kind technologies to replace conventional vapor compression refrigeration technology for household applications. Such technologies are sought to provide energy savings or other environmental benefits for space conditioning, water heating and refrigeration for domestic use. These alternative technologies include: thermoacoustic refrigeration, thermoelectric refrigeration, thermotunneling, magnetic refrigeration, Stirling cycle refrigeration, pulse tube refrigeration, Malone cycle refrigeration, absorption refrigeration, adsorption refrigeration, and compressor driven metal hydride heat pumps. Furthermore, heat pump water heating and integrated heat pump systems are also discussed due to their significant energy saving potential for water heating and space conditioning in households. The paper provides a snapshot of the future R&D needs for each of the technologies along with the associated barriers. Both thermoelectric and magnetic technologies look relatively attractive due to recent developments in the materials and prototypes being manufactured.

Bansal, Pradeep [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Small Commercial Refrigeration Incentive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Commercial Refrigeration Incentive Small Commercial Refrigeration Incentive Small Commercial Refrigeration Incentive < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Incentives over $5,000 must be pre-approved Program Info Funding Source Efficiency Vermont Public Benefit Fund Expiration Date 06/30/2013 State Vermont Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Outside Air Economizers: $1,250 Evaporator Fan Motors: $20 - $100 Evaporator Fan Motor Controls: $550 Door/Frame Heater Controls: $50 per door Case Light Occupancy Controls: $40 LED Refrigerator and Freezer Case Light Fixtures: $6 - $15 per foot Energy Star Ice Machines: $50 - $75 Efficient Compressors: $200 Display Case Strip-Curtain and Continuous Covers: $6 per foot

295

Elastic Metal Alloy Refrigerants: Thermoelastic Cooling  

SciTech Connect

BEETIT Project: UMD is developing an energy-efficient cooling system that eliminates the need for synthetic refrigerants that harm the environment. More than 90% of the cooling and refrigeration systems in the U.S. today use vapor compression systems which rely on liquid to vapor phase transformation of synthetic refrigerants to absorb or release heat. Thermoelastic cooling systems, however, use a solid-state materialan elastic shape memory metal alloyas a refrigerant and a solid to solid phase transformation to absorb or release heat. UMD is developing and testing shape memory alloys and a cooling device that alternately absorbs or creates heat in much the same way as a vapor compression system, but with significantly less energy and a smaller operational footprint.

None

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Intra-molecular refrigeration in enzymes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a simple mechanism for intra-molecular refrigeration, where parts of a molecule are actively cooled below the environmental temperature. We discuss the potential role and applications of such a mechanism in biology, in particular in enzymatic reactions.

Hans J. Briegel; Sandu Popescu

2009-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

297

Refrigeration system having standing wave compressor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compression-evaporation refrigeration system, wherein gaseous compression of the refrigerant is provided by a standing wave compressor. The standing wave compressor is modified so as to provide a separate subcooling system for the refrigerant, so that efficiency losses due to flashing are reduced. Subcooling occurs when heat exchange is provided between the refrigerant and a heat pumping surface, which is exposed to the standing acoustic wave within the standing wave compressor. A variable capacity and variable discharge pressure for the standing wave compressor is provided. A control circuit simultaneously varies the capacity and discharge pressure in response to changing operating conditions, thereby maintaining the minimum discharge pressure needed for condensation to occur at any time. Thus, the power consumption of the standing wave compressor is reduced and system efficiency is improved.

Lucas, Timothy S. (Glen Allen, VA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Air Conditioning Heating and Refrigeration Institute Comment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These comments are submitted by the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in response to the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) notice in the July 3, 2014 Federal Register...

299

Improving Industrial Refrigeration System Efficiency - Actual Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cycle cooling during winter operation, compressor intercooling, direct refrigeration vs. brine cooling, insulation of cold piping to reduce heat gain, multiple screw compressors for improved part load operation, evaporative condensers for reduced system...

White, T. L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Residential Refrigerator Recycling Ninth Year Retention Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Residential Refrigerator Recycling Ninth Year Retention Study Study ID Nos. 546B, 563 Prepared RECYCLING PROGRAMS Study ID Nos. 546B and 563 Prepared for Southern California Edison Rosemead, California

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Energy use of US residential refrigerators and freezers: function derivation based on household and climate characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

residential refrigerators and freezers: function derivationsecond most-used) refrigerators, and freezers, and residualfor more efficient refrigerators and freezers, as well as

Greenblatt, Jeffery

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

U.S. Residential Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products: Results from Amazon Mechanical Turk Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vapor compression refrigerators and freezers), along withthe number of refrigerators and freezers in a home alongcompression refrigerators and freezers) in U.S. households.

Greenblatt, Jeffery B.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Working Fluids Low GWP Working Fluids Low GWP Refrigerants - CRADA Ed Vineyard Oak Ridge National Laboratory vineyardea@ornl.gov (865) 574-0576 3 April 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: - High GWP refrigerants increase CO 2 equivalent emissions for HVAC&R equipment - Low GWP alternatives may increase energy consumption, introduce safety risks, require significant modifications to equipment, and have higher costs

304

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Working Fluids Low GWP Working Fluids Low GWP Refrigerants - CRADA Ed Vineyard Oak Ridge National Laboratory vineyardea@ornl.gov (865) 574-0576 3 April 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: - High GWP refrigerants increase CO 2 equivalent emissions for HVAC&R equipment - Low GWP alternatives may increase energy consumption, introduce safety risks, require significant modifications to equipment, and have higher costs

305

Combined cold compressor/ejector helium refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A refrigeration apparatus having an ejector operatively connected with a cold compressor to form a two-stage pumping system. This pumping system is used to lower the pressure, and thereby the temperature of a bath of boiling refrigerant (helium). The apparatus as thus arranged and operated has substantially improved operating efficiency when compared to other processes or arrangements for achieving a similar low pressure.

Brown, Donald P. (Southold, NY)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Uninterrupted power supply for autonomous small refrigerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to describe salient features of a small refrigerator powered by a field of photovoltaic panels backed up by a petrol-start, kerosene-run portable generator set. Such units find applications in medical shops, veterinary applications and storage of vaccines in primary health centers. The modular arrangement allows use of certain components as a part of an uninterrupted power supply system for such refrigerators. Some preliminary results on temperature distributions and performance data are also presented.

Thomachan A. Kattakayam; K. Srinivasan

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

ARI delegation to Japan on Alternative Refrigerants  

SciTech Connect

Researchers from ARI member companies spoke at the International Conference on Alternative Refrigerants in Tokyo and visited several Japanese organizations for the purpose of exchanging information on alternative refrigerants. The specific purpose of the meetings was to review the methods being utilized to screen alternatives to CFCs and HCFCs: materials compatibility screening methods, lubricant testing techniques, as well as flammability studies. A list of papers presented at the conference is included.

Not Available

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Combined cold compressor/ejector helium refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A refrigeration apparatus having an ejector operatively connected with a cold compressor to form a two-stage pumping system. This pumping system is used to lower the pressure, and thereby the temperature of a bath of boiling refrigerant (helium). The apparatus as thus arranged and operated has substantially improved operating efficiency when compared to other processes or arrangements for achieving a similar low pressure.

Brown, D.P.

1984-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

309

Low-GWP Refrigerants Research Project | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emerging Technologies » Low-GWP Refrigerants Research Project Emerging Technologies » Low-GWP Refrigerants Research Project Low-GWP Refrigerants Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research into low global warming potential (GWP) refrigerants. As concerns about climate change intensify, it is becoming increasingly clear that suitable low-GWP refrigerants will be needed for both new and existing residential and commercial heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVAC&R) equipment. Project Description This project seeks to develop alternative refrigerants for HVAC&R equipment. The overall environmental impacts of alternative refrigerants will be assessed using a life cycle climate performance model that accounts for direct emissions associated with refrigerant leaks and indirect

310

Laser Cooling of a Semiconductor by 40 Kelvin: An Optical Refrigerator Based on Cadmium Sulfide Nanoribbons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of semiconductors using CdS nanoribbons (or nanobelts) in this work. This net cooling effect is found: Optical refrigeration, Laser cooling of semiconductors, CdS nanobelts, anti-Stokes luminescence 1) doped crystals or glasses and direct bandgap semiconductors. Rare-earth doped materials were proposed

Xiong, Qihua

311

DOE Closes Investigation of Arcelik's Blomberg Refrigerator | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Arcelik's Blomberg Refrigerator Arcelik's Blomberg Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation of Arcelik's Blomberg Refrigerator September 1, 2010 - 4:37pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Arcelik's Blomberg refrigerator-freezer model # BRFB1450. The Department opened this investigation based on a complaint. DOE subpoenaed information from Arcelik, reviewed Arcelik's response, and performed its own testing of this model. Based on our investigation and test results, DOE has determined this model to be compliant with federal energy conservation standards. Notice of Compliance Determination Addthis Related Articles DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator

312

High Efficiency Low Emission Supermarket Refrigeration Research Project |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High Efficiency Low Emission Supermarket High Efficiency Low Emission Supermarket Refrigeration Research Project High Efficiency Low Emission Supermarket Refrigeration Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently conducting research into high efficiency, low emission supermarket refrigeration technologies. Project Description The project involves the development of a supermarket refrigeration system that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption when compared to existing systems. The challenge is to design a system that is capable of achieving low refrigerant leak rates while significantly reducing both the energy consumption and the refrigerant charge size. Project Partners Research is being undertaken between DOE and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Project Goals

313

Manufacturers of Noncompliant Products Agree to Civil Penalties to Resolve  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Manufacturers of Noncompliant Products Agree to Civil Penalties to Manufacturers of Noncompliant Products Agree to Civil Penalties to Resolve Enforcement Actions Manufacturers of Noncompliant Products Agree to Civil Penalties to Resolve Enforcement Actions July 1, 2013 - 11:17am Addthis The Department of Energy has settled civil penalty actions it initiated against nine companies for the manufacture and sale in the United States of products that fail to meet federal energy conservation standards. The covered consumer products and commercial/industrial equipment found in violation included automatic commercial ice makers, distribution transformers, external power supplies, showerheads and lighting products. The companies ceased all sales within the United States of the products that violated federal energy conservation standards.

314

Manufacturers of Noncompliant Products Agree to Civil Penalties to Resolve  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manufacturers of Noncompliant Products Agree to Civil Penalties to Manufacturers of Noncompliant Products Agree to Civil Penalties to Resolve Enforcement Actions Manufacturers of Noncompliant Products Agree to Civil Penalties to Resolve Enforcement Actions July 1, 2013 - 11:17am Addthis The Department of Energy has settled civil penalty actions it initiated against nine companies for the manufacture and sale in the United States of products that fail to meet federal energy conservation standards. The covered consumer products and commercial/industrial equipment found in violation included automatic commercial ice makers, distribution transformers, external power supplies, showerheads and lighting products. The companies ceased all sales within the United States of the products that violated federal energy conservation standards.

315

Showerhead Manufacturer Agrees to Civil Penalty to Resolve Enforcement Action  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy has settled a civil penalty action it initiated against "Showerheadpower" for the manufacture and online sale of showerheads that used more water than allowed by federal...

316

A multi-grid algorithm for mixed problems with penalty  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we describe a multi-grid algorithm for the finite element approximation of mixed problems with penalty by the MINI-element. It is proved that the convergence...

Ziping Huang

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Combined Brayton-JT cycles with refrigerants for natural gas liquefaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermodynamic cycles for natural gas liquefaction with single-component refrigerants are investigated under a governmental project in Korea aiming at new processes to meet the requirements on high efficiency large capacity and simple equipment. Based upon the optimization theory recently published by the present authors it is proposed to replace the methane-JT cycle in conventional cascade process with a nitrogen-Brayton cycle. A variety of systems to combine nitrogen-Brayton ethane-JT and propane-JT cycles are simulated with Aspen HYSYS and quantitatively compared in terms of thermodynamic efficiency flow rate of refrigerants and estimated size of heat exchangers. A specific Brayton-JT cycle is suggested with detailed thermodynamic data for further process development. The suggested cycle is expected to be more efficient and simpler than the existing cascade process while still taking advantage of easy and robust operation with single-component refrigerants.

Ho-Myung Chang; Jae Hoon Park; Sanggyu Lee; Kun Hyung Choe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Energy Efficiency Evaluation of Refrigeration Technologies in Combined Cooling, Heating and Power Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With development of absorption refrigeration technology, the cooling requirement can be met using various optional refrigeration technologies in a CCHP system, including compression refrigeration, steam double-effect absorption refrigeration, steam...

Zuo, Z.; Hu, W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household Surveys Speaker(s): Essel Ben Hagan Date: July 12, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Robert Van Buskirk Galen Barbose As part of activities to develop refrigerator efficiency standards regulations in Ghana, a national survey on the energy consumption of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers has been conducted. The survey covered 1000 households in urban, peri-urban and rural communities in various parts of the country. The survey found that, on average, refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers in Ghana use almost three times what is allowed by minimum efficiency standards in the U.S., and a few refrigerators had energy use at levels almost ten times the U.S.

320

Loveland Water and Power - Refrigerator Recycling Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Refrigerator Recycling Program Refrigerator Recycling Program Loveland Water and Power - Refrigerator Recycling Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Maximum Rebate Limit one rebate per account per year Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator and Freezer Recycling: $35 Loveland Water and Power is providing an incentive for its customers to recycle their old refrigerators. Interested customers can call the utility to arrange a time to pick up the old refrigerator. The old refrigerator should be brought outside but remain plugged in so the utility can make it is in working condition. the utility will then take the refrigerator to a recycling facility and issue a $35 bill credit. Other Information

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Refrigerator Standards Save Consumers $ Billions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Refrigerator Standards Save Consumers $ Billions Refrigerator Standards Save Consumers $ Billions Refrigerator Standards Save Consumers $ Billions March 5, 2013 - 10:35am Addthis Refrigerator Standards Refrigerator Standards Refrigerator technology has come a long way since Dr. John Gorrie (1803 - 1855), a forward-looking inventor, was granted U. S. Patent #8080 for mechanical refrigeration in 1851. In those days, ice was expensive, if it was even available: Blocks of natural ice were carved from frozen lakes and rivers and stored in special warehouses under layers of sawdust for insulation. By the 1890s, pollution and sewage dumping caused by population growth compromised sources of pure, natural ice, threatening the brewing, meat-packing, and dairy industries. As these and other industries sought better solutions, modern refrigeration technology started to evolve.

322

Optimal Design Refrigeration System for a Mucilage Glue Fiber Factory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a mucilage glue fiber factory, the design of the refrigeration system takes into account the characteristics of mucilage glue fiber production and fully uses the refrigeration compressor heat to economize energy and reduce the production cost...

Tan, C.; Liu, J.; Tang, F.; Liu, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

VEE-0079- In the Matter of Diversified Refrigeration, Inc.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Diversified Refrigeration, Inc. (DRI) requests a six-month exception from the 2001 energy appliance efficiency standards for built-in refrigerators that become effective July 1, 2001. As explained...

324

Fully portable, highly flexible dilution refrigerator systems for neutron scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

775 Fully portable, highly flexible dilution refrigerator systems for neutron scattering P. A systems developed specifically for neutron scattering environ- ments. The refrigerators are completely relatively recently however, the lowest temperatures available in almost all neutron scattering laboratories

Boyer, Edmond

325

Energy Savings from Floating Head Pressure in Ammonia Refrigeration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents case studies of two moderately sized ammonia refrigeration systems retrofitted for floating head pressure control. It also presents a parametric analysis to assist in selecting appropriate pressures in an ammonia refrigeration...

Barrer, P. J.; Jones, S. M.

326

Of Refrigerators & Regulations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Of Refrigerators & Regulations Of Refrigerators & Regulations Of Refrigerators & Regulations February 8, 2011 - 9:29am Addthis Jesse Lee White House Director of Online Affairs Editor's Note: This entry has been cross-posted from The White House Blog. For those interested in the President's remarks to the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and his views on the shared responsibilities of government and business to the American people, our post earlier will give a suitable overview. For those interested in the details of the President's Executive Order on reviewing regulations and their impacts on the economy, Cass Sunstein's post this morning will also be of value. But the President also took a moment during his speech to put the debate over regulation in a different perspective, and to break through the false dichotomy so often

327

Optimal performance of endoreversible quantum refrigerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The derivation of general performance benchmarks is important in the design of highly optimized heat engines and refrigerators. To obtain them, one may model phenomenologically the leading sources of irreversibility ending up with results which are model-independent, but limited in scope. Alternatively, one can take a simple physical system realizing a thermodynamic cycle and assess its optimal operation from a complete microscopic description. We follow this approach in order to derive the coefficient of performance at maximum cooling rate for \\textit{any} endoreversible quantum refrigerator. At striking variance with the \\textit{universality} of the optimal efficiency of heat engines, we find that the cooling performance at maximum power is crucially determined by the details of the specific system-bath interaction mechanism. A closed analytical benchmark is found for endoreversible refrigerators weakly coupled to unstructured bosonic heat baths: an ubiquitous case study in quantum thermodynamics.

Luis A. Correa; Jos P. Palao; Gerardo Adesso; Daniel Alonso

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

328

Retrofitting Doors on Open Refrigerated Cases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retrofitting Doors on Open Retrofitting Doors on Open Refrigerated Cases William Goetzler Navigant Consulting, Inc. wgoetzler@navigant.com (781) 270-8351 April 4, 2013 BBA Refrigeration Project Team Images courtesy of REMIS AMERICA, LLC. 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Technology Overview Image from Investigation of Energy- Efficient Supermarket Display Cases. 2004, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Background and Motivation * Adding doors to open cases (retrofits) greatly reduces cold air loss - 50-80% load reduction - Load reduction = system energy savings

329

Development of a prototype optical refrigerator  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a one-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The authors have carried out a range of tasks directed toward the construction and testing of a proof-of-principle optical refrigerator prototype. They procured and tested new cooling elements that are at the heart of an optical refrigerator. The cooling element absorbs pump radiation and then fluoresces with nearly unity quantum efficiency. They constructed and tested a cooling chamber with low thermal emissivity walls that reduces the parasitic heating.

Epstein, R.I.; Edwards, B.C.; Sigel, G.H.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Phase boundary detection for dilution refrigerators  

SciTech Connect

We describe a device to conveniently measure the positions of the phase boundaries in a dilution refrigerator. We show how a simple modification of a standard capacitive level gauge (segmentation of one of the electrodes) permits a direct calibration of the capacitance versus phase boundary position. We compare this direct calibration with the indirect procedure that must be adopted for a conventional capacitive level gauge. The device facilitates the correct adjustment of the {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He fraction in the dilution refrigerator.

Haar, E. ter; Martin, R.V. [DFMT, Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, C.P. 66.318, 05315-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Helium refrigeration considerations for cryomodule design  

SciTech Connect

Many of the present day accelerators are based on superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities, packaged in cryo-modules (CM), which depend on helium refrigeration at sub-atmospheric pressures, nominally 2 K. These specialized helium refrigeration systems are quite cost intensive to produce and operate. Particularly as there is typically no work extraction below the 4.5-K supply, it is important that the exergy loss between this temperature level and the CM load temperature(s) be minimized by the process configuration choices. This paper will present, compare and discuss several possible helium distribution process arrangements to support the CM loads.

Ganni, V.; Knudsen, P. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab), Newport News, VA 23606 (United States)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

332

Pipeline gas pressure reduction with refrigeration generation  

SciTech Connect

The high pressure of pipeline gas is reduced to the low pressure of a distribution system with simultaneous generation of refrigeration by passing the gas through two successive centrifugal compressors driven by two turbo-expanders in which the compressed gas is expanded to successively lower pressures. Refrigeration is recovered from the gas as it leaves each turbo-expander. Methanol is injected into the pipeline gas before it is expanded to prevent ice formation. Aqueous methanol condensate separated from the expanded gas is distilled for the recovery and reuse of methanol.

Markbreiter, S. J.; Schorr, H. P.

1985-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

333

Reducing the Carbon Footprint of Commercial Refrigeration Systems Using Life Cycle Climate Performance Analysis: From System Design to Refrigerant Options  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, Life Cycle Climate Performance (LCCP) analysis is used to estimate lifetime direct and indirect carbon dioxide equivalent gas emissions of various refrigerant options and commercial refrigeration system designs, including the multiplex DX system with various hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants, the HFC/R744 cascade system incorporating a medium-temperature R744 secondary loop, and the transcritical R744 booster system. The results of the LCCP analysis are presented, including the direct and indirect carbon dioxide equivalent emissions for each refrigeration system and refrigerant option. Based on the results of the LCCP analysis, recommendations are given for the selection of low GWP replacement refrigerants for use in existing commercial refrigeration systems, as well as for the selection of commercial refrigeration system designs with low carbon dioxide equivalent emissions, suitable for new installations.

Fricke, Brian A [ORNL] [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL] [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Control method for mixed refrigerant based natural gas liquefier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a natural gas liquefaction system having a refrigerant storage circuit, a refrigerant circulation circuit in fluid communication with the refrigerant storage circuit, and a natural gas liquefaction circuit in thermal communication with the refrigerant circulation circuit, a method for liquefaction of natural gas in which pressure in the refrigerant circulation circuit is adjusted to below about 175 psig by exchange of refrigerant with the refrigerant storage circuit. A variable speed motor is started whereby operation of a compressor is initiated. The compressor is operated at full discharge capacity. Operation of an expansion valve is initiated whereby suction pressure at the suction pressure port of the compressor is maintained below about 30 psig and discharge pressure at the discharge pressure port of the compressor is maintained below about 350 psig. Refrigerant vapor is introduced from the refrigerant holding tank into the refrigerant circulation circuit until the suction pressure is reduced to below about 15 psig, after which flow of the refrigerant vapor from the refrigerant holding tank is terminated. Natural gas is then introduced into a natural gas liquefier, resulting in liquefaction of the natural gas.

Kountz, Kenneth J. (Palatine, IL); Bishop, Patrick M. (Chicago, IL)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Feasibility of Solar-Assisted Refrigerated Transport in Australia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems. Keywords: refrigeration, transport, photovoltaics, economics. 1 #12;B. Elliston, M. Dennis) modules to minimise the use of diesel generation in refrigerated transport. Sub- sequently, UK supermarket. This report investigates the merit of retrofitting a PV system to assist refrigerated trailers in Australian

336

Form Date 4/4/01 Refrigerant Service Order Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recovery Unit ID # : Added Lbs oz Lbs oz Lbs oz Startup Charge Net Refrigerant Added: Lbs oz Parts UsedForm Date 4/4/01 Refrigerant Service Order Form Service ID: Owner: Work Order #: Building: Date: Issued: Completed: Equipment ID: Technicians: Location: Model: Manufact: Serial #: Refrigerant Type

Russell, Lynn

337

Literature survey of heat transfer enhancement techniques in refrigeration applications  

SciTech Connect

A survey has been performed of the technical and patent literature on enhanced heat transfer of refrigerants in pool boiling, forced convection evaporation, and condensation. Extensive bibliographies of the technical literature and patents are given. Many passive and active techniques were examined for pure refrigerants, refrigerant-oil mixtures, and refrigerant mixtures. The citations were categorized according to enhancement technique, heat transfer mode, and tube or shell side focus. The effects of the enhancement techniques relative to smooth and/or pure refrigerants were illustrated through the discussion of selected papers. Patented enhancement techniques also are discussed. Enhanced heat transfer has demonstrated significant improvements in performance in many refrigerant applications. However, refrigerant mixtures and refrigerant-oil mixtures have not been studied extensively; no research has been performed with enhanced refrigerant mixtures with oil. Most studies have been of the parametric type; there has been inadequate examination of the fundamental processes governing enhanced refrigerant heat transfer, but some modeling is being done and correlations developed. It is clear that an enhancement technique must be optimized for the refrigerant and operating condition. Fundamental processes governing the heat transfer must be examined if models for enhancement techniques are to be developed; these models could provide the method to optimize a surface. Refrigerant mixtures, with and without oil present, must be studied with enhancement devices; there is too little known to be able to estimate the effects of mixtures (particularly NARMs) with enhanced heat transfer. Other conclusions and recommendations are offered.

Jensen, M.K.; Shome, B. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering and Mechanics

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Method and apparatus for de-superheating refrigerant  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is an apparatus and method for de-superheating a primary refrigerant leaving a compressor wherein a secondary refrigerant is used between the primary refrigerant to be de-superheated. Reject heat is advantageously used for heat reclaim. 7 figs.

Zess, J.A.; Drost, M.K.; Call, C.J.

1997-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

339

Fast Nonconvex Model Predictive Control for Commercial Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

its capabil- ity to minimize the total cost of energy for a commercial refrigeration system while multi-zone refrigeration system, consisting of several cooling units that share a common compressor. This corresponds roughly to 2% of the entire electricity consumption in the country. Refrigerated goods constitute

340

Cost-efficiency analysis in support of the energy conservation standards for refrigerator/freezers  

SciTech Connect

The National Appliance Energy Conservation At (NAECA) of 1987 requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended energy-efficiency standards for refrigerators and freezers along with several other appliances. This paper describes the cost-efficiency analysis of design options carried out in support of the proposed 1998 standards for refrigerator/freezers. These proposed standards are unique in that they have been reached by a consensus of various interested parties including the trade association of refrigerator and freezer manufacturers, environmental groups, state energy offices, and utility companies. In large part, these consensus standards are based on the analysis described in this paper. The analysis shows that, for example, for a 515-liter (18.2-ft{sup 3}) top-mount automatic-defrost refrigerator-freezer, the annual energy consumption can be reduced from 700 kWh/yr (2.52 GJ/yr) to 484 kWh/yr (1.74 GJ/yr) (30.9%) by the use of more efficient fan motors and compressors, improved gaskets, and insulation that is {1/2}-inch (12.7 mm) thicker. The energy use can be further reduced to 422 kWh/yr (1.52 GJ/yr) (39.8%) by employing improved heat exchangers, switching to adaptive defrost, and employing vacuum panel insulation instead of thicker walls and doors.

Hakim, S.H.; Turiel, I. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

2014-04-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers; Final Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding test procedures for residential refrigerators and freezers, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on April 10, 2014.

342

APPLIANCE EFFICIENCY REGULATIONS FOR REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mobile equipment. (c) Central air conditioning heat pumps, regardless of capacity, except that requirements for central air conditioning heat pumps with cooling capacity of 135,000 Btu per hour or more#12;#12;APPLIANCE EFFICIENCY REGULATIONS FOR REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS

343

Waste Heat Recapture from Supermarket Refrigeration Systems  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to determine the potential energy savings associated with improved utilization of waste heat from supermarket refrigeration systems. Existing and advanced strategies for waste heat recovery in supermarkets were analyzed, including options from advanced sources such as combined heat and power (CHP), micro-turbines and fuel cells.

Fricke, Brian A [ORNL

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Alternative Refrigerants for Building Air Conditioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The majority of building air conditioning has traditionally been achieved with vapor compression technology using CFC-I I or HCFC-22 as refrigerant fluids. CFC-11 is being successfully replaced by HCFC-123 (retrofit or new equipment) or by HFC- 134a...

Bivens, D. B.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including refrigerated beverage vending machines, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

346

Case Study: Transcritical Carbon Dioxide Supermarket Refrigeration Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This case study documents one year of operating experience with a transcritical carbon dioxide (TC CO2) booster refrigeration system at Delhaize Americas Hannaford supermarket location in Turner, Maine. This supermarket, which began operation in June 2013, is the first supermarket installation in the U.S. of a TC CO2 booster refrigeration system. We compare refrigeration system performance to that for a supermarket having nearly identical layout and refrigeration loads, in a similar climate and of similar vintage, that uses a conventional hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerant. Delhaize provided the submetered and utility data used to generate the performance summaries herein.

347

Special dilution refrigerator systems of Milli-Kelvin detector experiments  

SciTech Connect

Several hundred ultra low temperature systems have been designed and built for a variety of applications. One common application is the refrigeration of low temperature detectors. Although many of the requirements are satisfied by standard designs, Oxford Instruments has often built special refrigerators to suit specific detector requirements. A few of the most interesting of these systems will be discussed. (1) dilution refrigerators to cool gravitational wave antennae to 65 mK; (2) rotating dilution refrigerator for cosmic ray detector experiments; (3) compact dilution refrigerator to cool large bolometer arrays within the SCUBA telescope; (4) side access systems for beam line experiments

Batey, G.; Balshaw, N. (Oxford Instruments Ltd., Old Station Way (United Kingdom))

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Application of Best Industry Practices to the Design of Commercial Refrigerators  

SciTech Connect

The substantial efficiency improvements which have been realized in residential refrigerators over the last twenty years due to implementation of the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act and changing consumer reactions to energy savings give an indication of the potential for improvement in the commercial sector, where few such efficiency improvements have been made to date. The purchase decision for commercial refrigerators is still focused primarily on first cost and product performance issues such as maximizing storage capacity, quick pulldown, durability, and reliability. The project applied techniques used extensively to reduce energy use in residential refrigeration to a commercial reach-in refrigerator. The results will also be applicable to other commercial refrigeration equipment, such as refrigerated vending machines, reach-in freezers, beverage merchandisers, etc. The project described in this paper was a collaboration involving the Appliance and Building Technology Sector of TIAX, the Delfield Company, and the U. S. Department of Energy's Office of Building Technologies. Funding was provided by DOE through Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-00NT41000. The program plan and schedule were structured to assure successful integration of the TIAX work on development of efficient design concepts into Delfield's simultaneous development of the Vantage product line. The energy-saving design options evaluated as part of the development included brushless DC and PSC fan motors, high-efficiency compressors, variable-speed compressor technology, cabinet thermal improvement (particularly in the face frame area), increased insulation thickness, a trap for the condensate line, improved insulation, reduced-wattage antisweat heaters, non-electric antisweat heating, off-cycle defrost termination, rifled heat exchanger tubing, and system optimization (selection of heat exchangers, fans, and subcooling, superheat, and suction temperatures for efficient operation). The project started with a thorough evaluation of the baseline Delfield Model 6051 two-door reach-in refrigerator. Performance testing was done to establish a performance baseline which, to meet end-users requirements, would have to be met or exceeded by the high-efficiency refrigerator design. Energy testing was done to establish the baseline energy use. Diagnostic testing such as reverse heat leak testing and insulation conductivity testing was done to evaluate factors contributing to the cabinet load and energy use. Modeling was done to assess the energy savings potential of the energy saving design options. Discussion with vendors and cost modeling was done to assess the manufacturing cost impact of the options. Based on this work, the following group of design options was selected for incorporation in the final refrigerator design: (1) Brushless DC evaporator fans; (2) Improved face frame design; (3) Reduced antisweat heater wattage; (4) Condensate line trap; and (5) Optimized refrigeration system. There was no net cost premium associated with these design changes, leading to a high-efficiency design requiring no payback of any initial additional investment. Delfield incorporated these design options in the Vantage line design and built a first prototype, which was tested at TIAX. Additional design changes were implemented in the transition to manufacturing, based in part on results of initial prototype testing, and a pilot production unit was sent to TIAX for final testing. The energy use of the pilot production unit was 68% less than that of the baseline refrigerator when tested according to the ASHRAE 117 Energy Test Standard. The energy test results for the baseline refrigerator and the two new-design units is shown in Figure ES-1 below. The resulting energy consumption is well below Energy Star and proposed Canadian and California standards levels. Delfield has successfully transitioned the design to production and is manufacturing all configurations of the energy efficient reach-ins at a rate greater than 7,000 per year, with production quantities projec

None

2002-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

349

Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low-Global Warming Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy

350

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 3740 of 26,777 results. 31 - 3740 of 26,777 results. Download Advance Energy Technologies: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5302) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Advance Energy Technologies, Inc. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer (WICFs) components as compliant with the energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/advance-energy-technologies-proposed-penalty-2013-ce-5302 Download Cospolich Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5314) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Cospolich Refrigerator Co, Inc. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/cospolich-refrigerator-proposed-penalty-2013-ce-5314 Download Imperial Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5322)

351

The alternative refrigerant dilemma for refrigerator-freezers: Truth or consequences  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to select a refrigerant that has minimal impact on energy consumption and the environment, a screening analysis of potential refrigerants was performed that resulted in the selection of six candidates. The screening results show that R-134a, R-134, R-152a, R-134a/R-152a, R-22/R-152a/R-124, and R-134a/R-152a/R-124 are the most promising refrigerants based on the following criteria: ozone depletion potential, greenhouse warming potential, coefficient of performance, and safety. Energy consumption tests were performed for the three pure refrigerants in accordance with the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers standard for household refrigerators and household freezers. The results indicate an increased energy consumption of 6.8%, 7.3%, and 7.3%, respectively for R-134, R-152a, and R-134a in the most efficient oil. However, when the effects of compressor efficiency are taken into account, the normalized energy consumption results in an increase of only 2.7% for R-152a and 5.5% for both R-134a and R-134. 14 refs., 5 tabs.

Vineyard, E.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

An electric utility's adventures in commercial refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

This article provides a look at the history of energy conservation efforts in supermarket refrigeration from World War II to the present and a goal for the future. A supermarket is a low profit margin business, typically netting 1 percent on annual sales. The typical supermarket's annual electric bill equals or exceeds the annual profits. With all of these data, it looked like energy conservation in the supermarket industry was going to be an easy task. Change the lighting to a more energy-efficient system and lower the head pressure and raise the suction pressure in the refrigeration. Any owner, CEO, or general manager who could easily increase his bottom-line profit by 10 to 30 percent would jump at the opportunity, especially when the electric utility was willing to support a portion of the cost for the changes.

Flannick, J.A. (Wisconsin Electric Co., Milwaukee, WI (United States)); Stamm, R.H. (Industrial Refrigeration, Sandy, OR (United States)); Calle, M.M. (Technical Resources, Inc., Milwaukee, WI (United States)); Gomolla, J.C. (Gomolla (Jerry C.), Milwaukee, WI (United States))

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

The application of Stirling cooler to refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

The application field of the free-piston Stirling Cooler, Model 100A of Global Cooling BV in the refrigeration has been studied. The cooling effectiveness of the free-piston Stirling Cooler which means small capacity with better efficiency, large range of temperature and capacity modulated operation is of much use to cool a space insulated well. One practicable application is suggested here, in which FPSC and secondary heat transfer fluid are used to the single temperature refrigerator (60 liter) instead of conventional vapor compression machines. In the freezer operation at {minus}20 C inside cabinet, the steady-state test results show 25% improvement in energy consumption over original one. The application of free-piston Stirling Cooler to a freezer at lower temperature shows great potentials also.

Kim, S.Y.; Chung, W.S.; Shin, D.K.; Cho, K.S. [LG Electronics Inc., Seoul (Korea, Republic of). Living System Lab.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

354

Process for the production of refrigerator oil  

SciTech Connect

A process for producing a high quality refrigerator oil from an oil fraction boiling at a temperature within boiling point of lubricating oil by contacting said oil fraction with a solvent to extract undesirable components thereby lowering % C..cap alpha.. of said oil fraction, hydrogenating said solvent extracted fraction under the specific conditions, and then contacting said hydrogenated oil with a solid absorbant to remove impurities; said oil fraction being obtained from a low grade naphthenic crude oil.

Kunihiro, T.; Tsuchiya, K.

1985-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

355

Tapered pulse tube for pulse tube refrigerators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Thermal insulation of the pulse tube in a pulse-tube refrigerator is maintained by optimally varying the radius of the pulse tube to suppress convective heat loss from mass flux streaming in the pulse tube. A simple cone with an optimum taper angle will often provide sufficient improvement. Alternatively, the pulse tube radius r as a function of axial position x can be shaped with r(x) such that streaming is optimally suppressed at each x.

Swift, Gregory W. (Sante Fe, NM); Olson, Jeffrey R. (San Mateo, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

HVAC's Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Comfort by Design Steve Jones Commercial Sales Manager for Mitsubishi Southwest Business Unit HVAC?s Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) Technology HVAC Industry Overview HVAC Market Dollar Volume $18 Billion Source:;NABH Research....2M Systems Ductless is a small percent of the U.S. HVAC market but current building and energy usage trends indicate a large growth opportunity Determining the Proper Application Worldwide Usage-Opportunity Window Unitary Chillers...

Jones, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Nonlinear programming without a penalty function or a filter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Oxford OX1 3QD, England. Email: nick.gould@comlab.ox.ac.uk 2 Department of Mathematics, FUNDP is far from optimal. The final central feature is that the algorithm does not use any merit function of the 1 #12;Gould, Toint: Nonlinear programming without a penalty function or a filter 2 merit function

Toint, Philippe

358

A Combinatorial Allocation Mechanism With Penalties For Banner Advertising  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Combinatorial Allocation Mechanism With Penalties For Banner Advertising Uriel Feige Weizmann@stanford.edu ABSTRACT Most current banner advertising is sold through negotiation thereby incurring large transaction advertising. In this system, each advertiser specifies a collection of host webpages which are relevant to his

359

A Combinatorial Allocation Mechanism With Penalties For Banner Advertising  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Combinatorial Allocation Mechanism With Penalties For Banner Advertising Uriel Feige Weizmann@stanford.edu ABSTRACT Most current banner advertising is sold through negotiation thereby incurring large transaction advertising. In this system, each adver- tiser specifies a collection of host webpages which are rele- vant

Immorlica, Nicole

360

Penalty Functions Alice E. Smith and David W. Coit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261 USA Section C 5.2 of Handbook of Evolutionary Computation Editors and Institute of Physics Publishing September 1995 #12;1 C 5.2 Penalty Functions C 5.2.1 Introduction it is to change a solution which violates the constraint to a solution which does not violate the constraint

Smith, Alice E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Hydrogen Bonding Penalty upon Ligand Binding Hongtao Zhao, Danzhi Huang*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bonding Penalty upon Ligand Binding Hongtao Zhao, Danzhi Huang* Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland Abstract Ligand binding involves breakage of hydrogen bonds with water molecules and formation of new hydrogen bonds between protein and ligand. In this work, the change

Caflisch, Amedeo

362

Cool energy savings opportunities in commercial refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

The commercial sector consumes over 13 quads of primary energy annually. Most of this consumption (two-thirds) meets the energy needs of lighting and heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. The largest consuming group of the remaining one-third is commercial refrigeration at about one quad annually (990 trillion Btu), valued at over $7 billion per year to the commercial sector consumer. Potential energy savings are estimated to be about 266 trillion Btu, with consumer savings valued at about $2 billion. This study provides the first known estimates of these values using a bottom-up approach. The authors evaluated numerous self-contained and engineered commercial refrigeration systems in this study, such as: supermarket central systems, beverage merchandisers, ice machines, and vending machines. Typical physical characteristics of each equipment type were identified at the component level for energy consumption. This information was used to form a detailed database from which they arrived at the estimate of 990 trillion Btu energy consumption for the major equipment types used in commercial refrigeration. Based on the implementation of the most cost-effective technology improvements for the seven major equipment types, they estimated an annual potential energy savings of 266 trillion Btu. Much of the savings can be realized with the implementation of high-efficiency fan motors and compressors. In many cases, payback can be realized within three years.

Westphalen, D.; Brodrick, J.; Zogg, R.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations April 12, 2010 - 7:27pm Addthis The Department of Energy has issued one subpoena and two data requests to three companies in response to allegations that the companies are selling refrigerator-freezers that failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. Under the subpoena, Arçelik A.S, a Turkish Company is required to submit detailed information about the design, marketing and U.S. sales of its Blomberg brand refrigerator-freezer, model "BRFB1450." The Department also requested testing data from Whirlpool Corporation and Viking Range Corporation for two refrigerator-freezers that the companies

364

Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? July 20, 2012 - 4:35pm Addthis Earlier this week, Amanda wrote about how you can save energy by choosing the right refrigerator and using it efficiently. These tips explain all sorts of ways you can ensure your refrigerator uses as little energy as possible to keep itself cool. So this week, we're curious: Could you save money with your refrigerator? You have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles How Do You Save Money on Summer Holidays? Have You Seen Energy Efficiency Improvements in Your Neighborhood?

365

DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations April 12, 2010 - 7:27pm Addthis The Department of Energy has issued one subpoena and two data requests to three companies in response to allegations that the companies are selling refrigerator-freezers that failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. Under the subpoena, Arçelik A.S, a Turkish Company is required to submit detailed information about the design, marketing and U.S. sales of its Blomberg brand refrigerator-freezer, model "BRFB1450." The Department also requested testing data from Whirlpool Corporation and Viking Range Corporation for two refrigerator-freezers that the companies

366

Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? July 20, 2012 - 4:35pm Addthis Earlier this week, Amanda wrote about how you can save energy by choosing the right refrigerator and using it efficiently. These tips explain all sorts of ways you can ensure your refrigerator uses as little energy as possible to keep itself cool. So this week, we're curious: Could you save money with your refrigerator? You have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles How Do You Save Money on Summer Holidays? Have You Seen Energy Efficiency Improvements in Your Neighborhood?

367

Compressor calorimeter performance of refrigerant blends: Comparative methods and results for a refrigerator/freezer application  

SciTech Connect

A protocol was developed to define calorimeter operating pressures for nonazeotropic refrigerant mixtures (NARMs) which corresponded with the saturated evaporator and condenser temperatures commonly used for pure refrigerants. Compressor calorimeter results were obtained using this equivalent-mean-temperature (EMT) approach and a generally applied Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) procedure at conditions characteristic of a domestic refrigerator-freezer application. Tests with R-12 and two NARMs indicate that compressor volumetric and isentropic efficiencies are nearly the same for refrigerants with similar capacities and pressure ratios. The liquid-line temperature conditions specified in the AHAM calorimeter rating procedure for refrigerator-freezer compressors were found to preferentially derate NARM performance relative to R-12. Conversion of calorimeter data taken with a fixed liquid-line temperature to a uniform minimal level of condenser subcooling is recommended as a fairer procedure when NARMs are involved. Compressor energy-efficiency-ratio (EER) and capacity data measured as a result of the EMT approach were compared to system performance calculated using an equivalent-heat-exchanger-loading (EHXL) protocol based on a Lorenz-Meutzner (L-M) refrigerator-freezer modeling program. The EHXL protocol was used to transform the calorimeter results into a more relevant representation of potential L-M cycle performance. The EMT method used to set up the calorimeter tests and the AHAM liquid-line conditions combined to significantly understate the cycle potential of NARMs relative to that predicted at the more appropriate EHXL conditions. Compressor conditions representative of larger heat exchanger sizes were also found to give a smaller L-M cycle advantage relative to R-12.

Rice, C K; Sand, J R

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Active magnetic refrigerants based on Gd-Si-Ge material and refrigeration apparatus and process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Active magnetic regenerator and method using Gd.sub.5 (Si.sub.x Ge.sub.1-x).sub.4, where x is equal to or less than 0.5, as a magnetic refrigerant that exhibits a reversible ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic or ferromagnetic-II/ferromagnetic-I first order phase transition and extraordinary magneto-thermal properties, such as a giant magnetocaloric effect, that renders the refrigerant more efficient and useful than existing magnetic refrigerants for commercialization of magnetic regenerators. The reversible first order phase transition is tunable from approximately 30 K to approximately 290 K (near room temperature) and above by compositional adjustments. The active magnetic regenerator and method can function for refrigerating, air conditioning, and liquefying low temperature cryogens with significantly improved efficiency and operating temperature range from approximately 10 K to 300 K and above. Also an active magnetic regenerator and method using Gd.sub.5 (Si.sub.x Ge.sub.1-x).sub.4, where x is equal to or greater than 0.5, as a magnetic heater/refrigerant that exhibits a reversible ferromagnetic/paramagnetic second order phase transition with large magneto-thermal properties, such as a large magnetocaloric effect that permits the commercialization of a magnetic heat pump and/or refrigerant. This second order phase transition is tunable from approximately 280 K (near room temperature) to approximately 350 K by composition adjustments. The active magnetic regenerator and method can function for low level heating for climate control for buildings, homes and automobile, and chemical processing.

Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A. (Ames, IA); Pecharsky, Vitalij K. (Ames, IA)

1998-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

369

Active magnetic refrigerants based on Gd-Si-Ge material and refrigeration apparatus and process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Active magnetic regenerator and method using Gd{sub 5} (Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1{minus}x}){sub 4}, where x is equal to or less than 0.5, as a magnetic refrigerant that exhibits a reversible ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic or ferromagnetic-II/ferromagnetic-I first order phase transition and extraordinary magneto-thermal properties, such as a giant magnetocaloric effect, that renders the refrigerant more efficient and useful than existing magnetic refrigerants for commercialization of magnetic regenerators. The reversible first order phase transition is tunable from approximately 30 K to approximately 290 K (near room temperature) and above by compositional adjustments. The active magnetic regenerator and method can function for refrigerating, air conditioning, and liquefying low temperature cryogens with significantly improved efficiency and operating temperature range from approximately 10 K to 300 K and above. Also an active magnetic regenerator and method using Gd{sub 5} (Si{sub x} Ge{sub 1{minus}x}){sub 4}, where x is equal to or greater than 0.5, as a magnetic heater/refrigerant that exhibits a reversible ferromagnetic/paramagnetic second order phase transition with large magneto-thermal properties, such as a large magnetocaloric effect that permits the commercialization of a magnetic heat pump and/or refrigerant. This second order phase transition is tunable from approximately 280 K (near room temperature) to approximately 350 K by composition adjustments. The active magnetic regenerator and method can function for low level heating for climate control for buildings, homes and automobile, and chemical processing. 27 figs.

Gschneidner, K.A. Jr.; Pecharsky, V.K.

1998-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

370

Process Options for Nominal 2-K Helium Refrigeration System Designs  

SciTech Connect

Nominal 2-K helium refrigeration systems are frequently used for superconducting radio frequency and magnet string technologies used in accelerators. This paper examines the trade-offs and approximate performance of four basic types of processes used for the refrigeration of these technologies; direct vacuum pumping on a helium bath, direct vacuum pumping using full or partial refrigeration recovery, cold compression, and hybrid compression (i.e., a blend of cold and warm sub-atmospheric compression).

Peter Knudsen, Venkatarao Ganni

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Hydrophilic structures for condensation management in refrigerator appliances  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A refrigerator appliance that includes a freezer compartment having a freezer compartment door, and a refrigeration compartment having at least one refrigeration compartment door. The appliance further includes a mullion with an exterior surface. The mullion divides the compartments and the exterior surface directs condensation toward a transfer point. The appliance may also include a cabinet that houses the compartments and has two sides, each with an exterior surface. Further, at least one exterior surface directs condensation toward a transfer point.

Kuehl, Steven John; Vonderhaar, John J; Wu, Guolian; Wu, Mianxue

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

372

Microcomputer Software for Refrigerant Property and Cycle Analysis Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost, a large component of which is energy-related. Existing system operation must be analyzed to optimize energy consumption while still meeting cooling load requirements. Refrigerant properties, which form the basis for such calculations, have... to illustrate the application of the program to problems in design and operation of refrigeration systems. INTRODUCTION Thermodynamic analysis of refrigeration systems is important in a variety. of industrial; commercial, and building-related applications...

Bierschenk, J. L.; Strohl, S. T.; Schmidt, P. S.

373

An optimal penalty method for a hyperbolic system modeling the edge plasma transport in a tokamak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The penalization method is used to take account of obstacles, such as the limiter, in a tokamak. Because of the magnetic confinement of the plasma in a tokamak, the transport occurs essentially in the direction parallel to the magnetic field lines. We study a 1D nonlinear hyperbolic system as a simplified model of the plasma transport in the area close to the wall. A penalization which cuts the flux term of the momentum is studied. We show numerically that this penalization creates a Dirac measure at the plasma-limiter interface which prevents us from defining the transport term in the usual distribution sense. Hence, a new penalty method is proposed for this hyperbolic system. For this penalty method, an asymptotic expansion and numerical tests give an optimal rate of convergence without spurious boundary layer. Another two-fields penalization has also been implemented and the numerical convergence analysis when the penalization parameter tends to 0 reveals the presence of a boundary layer.

Philippe Angot; Thomas Auphan; Olivier Gus

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Technical support document: Energy conservation standards for consumer products: Refrigerators and furnaces including: environmental impacts regulatory impact analysis  

SciTech Connect

The National Appliance Energy Conversation Act (NAECA) of 1987 (P.L. 100-12) establishes energy efficiency standards for 13 types of consumer products. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards on these and other types of products at specified times. DOE is currently selecting standards for two types of products: refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers; and small gas furnaces. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of the proposed standards. 8 refs., 39 figs., 135 tabs.

Not Available

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Guidance on the Imposition of Civil Penalties for Violations of EPCA  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Imposition of Civil Penalties for Violations of the Imposition of Civil Penalties for Violations of EPCA Conservation Standards and Certification Obligations Guidance on the Imposition of Civil Penalties for Violations of EPCA Conservation Standards and Certification Obligations Guidance on the Imposition of Civil Penalties for Violations of EPCA Conservation Standards and Certification Obligations. DOE sets forth guidance on EPCA energy and water conservations standards and requirements. It includes: (1) background on the DOE's penalty authority (found in the EPCA), (2) an explanation of the penalty policy (deterrence, consistency, and resolution), and (3) the Department's basic approach to penalties for both failure to comply with standards and failure to comply with standard certification requirements (including info on per unit limits, maximum

376

The New York Power Authority`s energy-efficient refrigerator program for the New York City Housing Authority -- 1997 savings evaluation  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the estimation of the annual energy savings achieved from the replacement of 20,000 refrigerators in New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) public housing with new, highly energy-efficient models in 1997. The US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) pays NYCHA`s electricity bills, and agreed to reimburse NYCHA for the cost of the refrigerator installations. Energy savings over the lifetime of the refrigerators accrue to HUD. Savings were demonstrated by a metering project and are the subject of the analysis reported here. The New York Power Authority (NYPA) identified the refrigerator with the lowest life-cycle cost, including energy consumption over its expected lifetime, through a request for proposals (RFP) issued to manufacturers for a bulk purchase of 20,000 units in 1997. The procurement was won by Maytag with a 15-ft{sup 3} top-freezer automatic-defrost refrigerator rated at 437 kilowatt-hours/year (kWh/yr). NYCHA then contracted with NYPA to purchase, finance, and install the new refrigerators, and demanufacture and recycle materials from the replaced units. The US Department of Energy (DOE) helped develop and plan the project through the ENERGY STAR{reg_sign} Partnerships program conducted by its Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PNNL designed the metering protocol and occupant survey used in 1997, supplied and calibrated the metering equipment, and managed and analyzed the data collected by NYPA. The objective of the 1997 metering study was to achieve a general understanding of savings as a function of refrigerator label ratings, occupant effects, indoor and compartment temperatures, and characteristics (such as size, defrost features, and vintage). The data collected in 1997 was used to construct models of refrigerator energy consumption as a function of key refrigerator and occupant characteristics.

Pratt, R.G.; Miller, J.D.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Helium Refrigerator Design for Pulsed Heat Load in Tokamaks  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear fusion reactors of the Tokamak type will be operated in a pulsed mode requiring the helium refrigerator to remove periodically large heat loads in time steps of approximately one hour. What are the necessary steps for a refrigerator to cope with such load variations?A series of numerical simulations has been performed indicating the possibility of an active refrigerator control with low exergetic losses. A basic comparison is made between the largest existing refrigerator sizes and the size required to service for example the ITER requirements.

Kuendig, A.; Schoenfeld, H. [Linde Kryotechnik AG, Dattlikonerstrasse 5, CH-8422 Pfungen (Switzerland)

2006-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

378

Supermarket refrigeration assessment for the New England Electric System  

SciTech Connect

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has undertaken a project to assess the impact of energy efficient supermarket refrigeration on the electric capacity requirements of the New England Electric System (NEES) service territories. The leading supermarket chains in the NEES service territories were contacted and the number of supermarkets and the types of refrigeration systems employed were established. Estimates were then made of the potential demand and energy savings that NEES and the supermarkets could realize if energy efficient refrigeration systems were employed. On the basis of this analysis, possible incentives to accelerate the implementation of energy efficient refrigeration equipment in NEES service territories were recommended. 4 refs., 10 figs., 27 tabs.

Tsaros, T.L.; Walker, D.H. (Foster-Miller, Inc., Waltham, MA (United States))

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global-Warming-Potential Refrigerants...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Impact This will provide the heating, venting, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVAC&R) industries and policymakers with definitive information regarding the available...

380

Economizer refrigeration cycle space heating and cooling system and process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to heating and cooling systems and more particularly to an improved system utilizing a Stirling Cycle engine heat pump in a refrigeration cycle. 18 figs.

Jardine, D.M.

1983-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Economizer refrigeration cycle space heating and cooling system and process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to heating and cooling systems and more particularly to an improved system utilizing a Stirling Cycle engine heat pump in a refrigeration cycle.

Jardine, Douglas M. (Colorado Springs, CO)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

List of Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Incentives | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Refrigeration Equipment Incentives Refrigeration Equipment Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 103 Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 103) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP Appalachian Power - Commercial and Industrial Rebate Programs (West Virginia) Utility Rebate Program West Virginia Commercial Industrial Central Air conditioners Chillers Custom/Others pending approval Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Programmable Thermostats Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Ground Source Heat Pumps Yes AEP Ohio - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Commercial Industrial Local Government Municipal Utility

383

South Africa Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the...

384

Polyhalogenated hydrocarbon refrigerants and refrigerant oils colored with fluorescent dyes and method for their use as leak detectors  

SciTech Connect

A leak detectable refrigeration composition is described comprising: (A) a refrigeration liquid selection from the group consisting of: (1) a polyhalogenated hydrocarbon refrigerant; (2) a refrigeration oil selected from the group consisting of naphthenic oils, paraffinic oils, alkylated benzenes, silicones, polyglycols, diesters or triesters of dicarboxylic or tricarboxylic acids, and polyalkyl silicate oils, and (3) a mixture of A(1) and A(2), and (B) a fluorescent dye compound or composition comprising the dye selected from the group consisting of: (1) a fluorescent dye selected from the group consisting of perylene, naphthoxanthene, monocyclic aromatic compounds having an organometallic compound, (2) a solution of fluorescent dye in a solvent, and (3) a mixture of B(1) and B(2). The fluorescent dye compound or composition is soluble in the refrigeration liquid. The concentration of the dye being at least 0.001 grams per 100 grams of the refrigeration liquid.

Parekh, M.

1988-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

385

Exergy analysis and experimental study of a vapor compression refrigeration cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents a detailed experimental analysis of 2TR (ton of refrigeration) vapor compression refrigeration cycle for different percentage of refrigerant charge using exergy analysis. An experimental set...

S. Anand; S. K. Tyagi

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

1991 & 1992 trade-in refrigerator metering project  

SciTech Connect

Under SMUD`s Equipment Efficiency Improvement Program the District offers an incentive of $100 to customers who trade in an older refrigerator in conjunction with the purchase of a new model. More than 40,000 refrigerators have been traded in this program as of January 1993. This program has provided 36.5% of the total reported savings from all SMUD`s conservation programs through April 1993. Of this 36.5% reported savings, 84.7% is attributed to the trading in of an old refrigerator for a new model, and only 15.3% to purchases of a new refrigerators without trading in their older model. In 1992 two laboratory studies were undertaken to quantify energy use of older, close to retirement, domestic residential refrigerators from participants in SMUD`s refrigerator trade-in program. One study focused on annual energy use from older model refrigerators received from this program, and the second study focused on potential energy savings from condenser coil cleaning from this same stock of refrigerators. To determine the performance of these refrigerators, a sample of 79 units was randomly selected for testing. Each unit was tested to obtain annual energy use (kWh/yr) and to document physical and operational conditions. A subset of 28 units from this sample was also tested to determine energy savings as a result of cleaning condenser coils. This was done by comparing test results of annual energy use before and after coil cleaning. These refrigerators were tested to the same conventional procedures (commonly called the {open_quotes}DOE{close_quotes} test, or AHAM test procedures) used to arrive at annual energy use labeled on all new refrigerators. Although laboratory results do not exactly replicate field (in-home) results, they have been found to still be a reasonably good predictor of energy use as reported in a Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory study , discussed in the following section.

Bos, W.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

387

Refrigerator: Refrigerators and freezers are not typically constructed to assure that there is no  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and unstable chemicals only be stored in a lab-safe refrigeration unit that meets National Fire Protection Association 45 ­ Standard on Fire Protection for Laboratories Using Chemicals. #12;Hearing conservation protection which will be furnished by the Institute. Samples of various types of ear muffs, ear caps, and ear

Cohen, Robert E.

388

Cascade and secondary coolant supermarket refrigeration systems : modelling and new frost correlations.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nowadays traditional (direct expansion) supermarket refrigeration systems are mostly employed in supermarket establishments for refrigerating food products and beverages in the store. However, the installations (more)

Haile-Michael, Getu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

HgCdTe superlattices for solid-state cryogenic refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for solid-state cryogenic refrigeration Daryoosh Vashaee a?merit ?ZT max ? 3? at cryogenic temperatures. Calculationstemperature, 16 for cryogenic refrigeration the situation

Vashaee, D; Shakouri, A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

U.S. Residential Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products: Results from Amazon Mechanical Turk Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

refrigerator operate with propane as well as electricity?refrigerator operate with propane as well as electricity? [freezer operate with propane as well as electricity? [

Greenblatt, Jeffery B.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Lanthanide Al-Ni base Ericsson cycle magnetic refrigerants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic refrigerant for a magnetic refrigerator using the Ericsson thermodynamic cycle comprises DyAlNi and (Gd{sub 0.54}Er{sub 0.46})AlNi alloys having a relatively constant {Delta}Tmc over a wide temperature range. 16 figs.

Gschneidner, K.A. Jr.; Takeya, Hiroyuki

1995-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

392

1st TECCS meeting, 26th April 2007 Adsorption Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TECCS meeting, 26th April 2007 Adsorption refrigerators and heat pumps These machines ADsorb cycles for: Heat pumps Refrigerators Air conditioning Driven by heat from: Fossil fuels Bio fuels Waste of concept forced convection adsorption machine [#1] · Generating temperature 225° C · Heat rejection

Davies, Christopher

393

Lanthanide Al-Ni base Ericsson cycle magnetic refrigerants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic refrigerant for a magnetic refrigerator using the Ericsson thermodynamic cycle comprises DyAlNi and (Gd.sub.0.54 Er.sub.0.46)AlNi alloys having a relatively constant .DELTA.Tmc over a wide temperature range.

Gschneidner, Jr., Karl A. (Ames, IA); Takeya, Hiroyuki (Ibaraki, JP)

1995-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

394

Control of Refrigeration Systems for Trade-off between Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control of Refrigeration Systems for Trade-off between Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss Ph and Technology (DMST) under Grant: 2002-603/4001-93. CMBC consists of seven industrial companies, three academic of the three academic partners in the center. The refrigeration research activities within CMBC were initiated

Skogestad, Sigurd

395

NEW DESIGN OF NEON REFRIGERATOR FOR HTS POWER MACHINES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2007 we developed a prototype refrigerator with a small turbo?expander to provide adequate cooling power (2 kW at 70 K) for HTS (High Temperature Superconductor) power machines. The reverse?Brayton cycle with neon gas as a working fluid was adopted in the refrigerator. The prototype refrigerator does not have enough COP (Coefficient of Performance) for practical HTS applications and the purpose of this study is to research the information required for designing a new neon refrigerator with improved performance. We take the same refrigeration cycle and working fluid as the prototype one adopted but a lower process pressure of 1 MPa/0.5 MPa is chosen instead of 2 MPa/1 MPa. The lower process pressure is required by the turbo?compressor design and the refrigeration process is analyzed by using a newly developed process simulator. Also a heat?exchanger configuration is studied to make the refrigerator size small. The new refrigerator will have a cooling power of 2.5 kW at 65 K and a COP of 0.06 at 80 K.

S. Yoshida; H. Hirai; A. Takaike; M. Hirokawa; Y. Aizawa; Y. Kamioka; H. Okamoto; H. Hayashi; Y. Shiohara

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator July 8, 2010 - 3:12pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Whirlpool's Maytag refrigerator-freezer model "MSD2578VE." The Department opened this investigation and requested testing data from Whirlpool based on a complaint (April 12, 2010, "DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations"). After reviewing the data and testing this model, the Department has found the model to be compliant with the applicable efficiency standards and has closed the investigation. The Department takes credible allegations seriously and will continue to initiate investigations on products that are

397

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Refrigeration  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Refrigeration The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute, World Business Council for Sustainable Development Sector: Energy, Climate Focus Area: Greenhouse Gas Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.ghgprotocol.org/calculation-tools/all-tools Cost: Free References: Refrigerant Guide[1] The Greenhouse Gas Protocol tool for refrigeration is a free Excel spreadsheet calculator designed to calculate GHG emissions specifically

398

DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator July 8, 2010 - 3:12pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Whirlpool's Maytag refrigerator-freezer model "MSD2578VE." The Department opened this investigation and requested testing data from Whirlpool based on a complaint (April 12, 2010, "DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations"). After reviewing the data and testing this model, the Department has found the model to be compliant with the applicable efficiency standards and has closed the investigation. The Department takes credible allegations seriously and will continue to initiate investigations on products that are

399

Modeling Supermarket Refrigeration Systems with EnergyPlus  

SciTech Connect

Supermarket refrigeration capabilities were first added to EnergyPlus in 2004. At that time, it was possible to model a direct expansion (DX) rack system with multiple refrigerated cases. The basic simulation software handles all the building energy uses, typically on a 5 to 10 minute time step throughout the period of interest. The original refrigeration module included the ability to model the sensible and latent interactions between the refrigerated cases and the building HVAC system, along with some basic heat recovery capabilities. Over the last few years, the refrigeration module has been expanded to handle more complex systems, such as secondary loops, shared condensers, cascade condensers, subcoolers, and walk-in coolers exchanging energy with multiple conditioned zones.

Stovall, Therese K [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Preliminary Notice of Violation and Imposition of Civil Penalty EA 96-02  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 1996 6, 1996 Mr. Roger Bacon [ ] Westinghouse Hanford Company P.O. Box 1970, MSIN S7-85 Richland, WA 99350 EA 96-02 Subject: Preliminary Notice of Violation and Proposed Imposition of Civil Penalty - $37,500 (NTS-RL-WHC-TANKFARM-1996-0002) Dear Mr. Bacon: This letter refers to the Department of Energy's (DOE) evaluation of the facts and circumstances surrounding an unplanned [ ] extremity exposure to a worker. The exposure occurred on February 13, 1996, during the removal of a highly contaminated thermocouple tree from a [ ] radioactive waste storage tank at the Hanford Tank Farms facility. The thermocouple tree, which is located within [the tank], was originally used to monitor temperature changes within the tank. A Type C Investigation Board was subsequently convened to investigate this event; the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Date | 1Refrigeration and Air Conditioning EMA Education and Training Date | 2Refrigeration and Air Conditioning EMA Education and Training  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Date | 1Refrigeration and Air Conditioning EMA Education and Training #12;Date | 2Refrigeration operating pressure (MOP) 5. De-humidifying (Te control) 6. Defrost funtions 7. Loss of charge detection (LOC control) 6. Defrost funtions 7. Loss of charge detection (LOC) 8. Bleed function 9. Sensor placement tips

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

402

SBIR Grant: ????????No-Vibration Agile Cryogenic Optical Refrigerator  

SciTech Connect

Optical refrigeration is currently the only all-solid-state cryocooling technology that has been demonstrated. Optical cryocoolers are devices that use laser light to cool small crystal or glass cooling elements. The cooling element absorbs the laser light and reradiates it at higher energy, an example of anti-Stokes fluorescence. The dif-ference between the energy of the outgoing and incoming light comes from the thermal energy of the cooling element, which in turn becomes colder. Entitled ???????¢????????????????No-Vibration Agile Cryocoolers using Optical Refrigeration,???????¢??????????????? this Phase I proposal directly addressed the continued development of the optical refrigerator components necessary to transition this scientific breakthrough into National Nu-clear Security Administration (NNSA) sensor applications in line with the objectives of topic 50b. ThermoDynamic Films LLC (TDF), in collaboration with the University of New Mexico (UNM), cooled an optical-refrigerator cooling element comprised of an ytterbium-doped yttrium lithium fluoride (Yb:YLF) crystal from room tempera-ture to 123 K with about 2% efficiency. This is the world record in optical refrigera-tion and an important step toward revolutionizing cryogenic systems for sensor ap-plications. During this period, they also designed and analyzed the crucial elements of a prototype optical refrigerator including the thermal link that connects the cool-ing element with the load.

Epstein, Richard

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

403

An Evaluation of the Environmental Impact of Different Commercial Supermarket Refrigeration Systems Using Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

SciTech Connect

Commercial refrigeration systems consumed 1.21 Quads of primary energy in 2010 and are known to be a major source for refrigerant charge leakage into the environment. Thus, it is important to study the environmental impact of commercial supermarket refrigeration systems and improve their design to minimize any adverse impacts. The system s Life Cycle Climate Performance (LCCP) was presented as a comprehensive metric with the aim of calculating the equivalent mass of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere throughout its lifetime, from construction to operation and destruction. In this paper, an open source tool for the evaluation of the LCCP of different air-conditioning and refrigeration systems is presented and used to compare the environmental impact of a typical multiplex direct expansion (DX) supermarket refrigeration systems based on three different refrigerants as follows: two hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants (R-404A, and R-407F), and a low global warming potential (GWP) refrigerant (N-40). The comparison is performed in 8 US cities representing different climates. The hourly energy consumption of the refrigeration system, required for the calculation of the indirect emissions, is calculated using a widely used building energy modeling tool (EnergyPlus). A sensitivity analysis is performed to determine the impact of system charge and power plant emission factor on the LCCP results. Finally, we performed an uncertainty analysis to determine the uncertainty in total emissions for both R-404A and N-40 operated systems. We found that using low GWP refrigerants causes a considerable drop in the impact of uncertainty in the inputs related to direct emissions on the uncertainty of the total emissions of the system.

Beshr, Mohamed [University of Maryland, College Park; Aute, Vikrant [University of Maryland, College Park; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Fricke, Brian A [ORNL; Radermacher, Reinhard [University of Maryland, College Park

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

All General Counsel Reports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

22, 2011 22, 2011 Elmira Stove Works: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1407) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Elmira Stove Works failed to certify refrigerator-freezers as compliant with the energy conservation standards. April 22, 2011 Smeg USA: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-14/1909) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Smeg USA, Inc. failed to certify a variety of dishwashers and refrigerators as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. April 22, 2011 EiKO: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-2702) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that EiKO Ltd. - North America failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. April 22, 2011 Unionaire Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1508)

405

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

51 - 15260 of 31,917 results. 51 - 15260 of 31,917 results. Download Engineered Solutions: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2112) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Engineered Solutions, Inc. failed to certify a dehumidifier as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/engineered-solutions-proposed-penalty-2010-ce-2112 Download Sanyo Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1210) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Sanyo Electric Co. failed to certify a variety of refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/sanyo-electric-proposed-penalty-2010-ce-1210 Download American Valve: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1411)

406

Energy Efficiency and Environmental Impact Analyses of Supermarket Refrigeration Systems  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents energy and life cycle climate performance (LCCP) analyses of a variety of supermarket refrigeration systems to identify designs that exhibit low environmental impact and high energy efficiency. EnergyPlus was used to model refrigeration systems in a variety of climate zones across the United States. The refrigeration systems that were modeled include the traditional multiplex DX system, cascade systems with secondary loops and the transcritical CO2 system. Furthermore, a variety of refrigerants were investigated, including R-32, R-134a, R-404A, R-1234yf, R-717, and R-744. LCCP analysis was used to determine the direct and indirect carbon dioxide emissions resulting from the operation of the various refrigeration systems over their lifetimes. Our analysis revealed that high-efficiency supermarket refrigeration systems may result in up to 44% less energy consumption and 78% reduced carbon dioxide emissions compared to the baseline multiplex DX system. This is an encouraging result for legislators, policy makers and supermarket owners to select low emission, high-efficiency commercial refrigeration system designs for future retrofit and new projects.

Fricke, Brian A [ORNL] [ORNL; Bansal, Pradeep [ORNL] [ORNL; Zha, Shitong [Hillphoenix] [Hillphoenix

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Effect of parasitic refrigeration on the efficiency of magnetic liquefiers  

SciTech Connect

Our studies have shown that magnetic refrigerators have the potential to liquefy cryogens very efficiently. High efficiency is especially important for liquid hydrogen and natural gas applications where the liquefaction costs are a significant fraction of the total liquid cost. One of the characteristics of magnetic refrigerators is the requirement for a high-field superconducting magnet. Providing a 4.2-K bath for this magnet will require a small amount of parasitic refrigeration at 4.2 K even though the rest of the liquefier may be at 110 K (liquid natural gas) or higher. For several different refrigeration power levels at 4.2 K, we have calculated the efficiency of the magnetic liquefier as a function of power, temperature and the 4.2-K refrigerator efficiency. The results show that if the ratio of the thermal load at 4.2 K to the main refrigerator power is 0.001 or less, the effect on the efficiency of the liquefier is negligible at all temperatures below room temperature provided the 4.2-K refrigerator efficiency is high.

Barclay, J.A.; Stewart, W.F.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

An ammonia refrigerator with an absorption circuit as economizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The experimental results of a compression refrigerator with an integrated solution circuit, a so-called compression-absorption cycle, are presented. The compression refrigerator operates with ammonia (NH3) as refrigerant. The cycle is improved by two-stage throttling of the condensate and an absorption circuit which replaces the economizer compressor. The absorption circuit operates on the working pair ammonia/water (NH3/H2O). It is driven by superheat of the compressor without additional heat input from an external source. By this means the benefit of two-stage throttling, namely a reduction in compression work or an increase in refrigeration capacity, can be doubled. In the experiments an improvement of up to 9% in the efficiency of the NH3-refrigeration cycle has been attained. Compared to a simple compression refrigerator, the presented compression-absorption cycle has a payback time of only several months. Compared to a conventional economizer refrigeration cycle, the payback can be expected within the range of several months to about four years.

F Ziegler; U Spindler

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Application Availability of Insulation Heat of the Terrace in a Rebuilt Refrigerator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, analyzes the temperature distribution of the terrace, and supplies guidance for rebuilding refrigerators....

Qu, C.; Sun, Y.; Chen, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Product Refrigerator Freezer Fresh, in shell 4 to 5 weeks Don't freeze  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Product Refrigerator Freezer Eggs Fresh, in shell 4 to 5 weeks Don't freeze Raw yolks, whites 2 recommended storage times are for quality only. Refrigerator & Freezer Storage Chart Product Refrigerator, opened 3 days Don't freeze unopened 10 days 1 year Mayonnaise, commercial Refrigerate after opening 2

Burke, Peter

411

Simple thermodynamic diagrams for real refrigeration systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thermodynamic performance of real irreversible cooling and refrigeration systems (chillers) can be summarized in simple rectangular temperature-entropy diagrams in analogy to classic pedagogical examples for idealized reversible devices. The key to translating complex dissipative losses into this graphical framework is the process average temperaturea factor that can be calculated from nonintrusive experimental measurements for converting entropy production into lost work. An uncomplicated thermodynamic model is used to transform the governing chiller performance equations into an easily-interpreted graph. Examples based upon actual data from commercial work-driven (reciprocating) and heat-driven (absorption) chillers are presented and are used to highlight the predominance of internal dissipation in determining chiller efficiency. With the thermodynamic diagram representation the relative roles of each irreversibility source as well as the reversible and endoreversible limits become transparent.

J. M. Gordon; K. C. Ng; H. T. Chua

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Isothermally heatsunk diffusion cloud chamber refrigerator  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a diffusion cloud chamber isothermally heatsunk refrigerator which comprises: a heatsink consisting of two phases of a saturated substance existing in thermodynamic equilibrium at constant pressure and therefore at constant temperature, contained in a reservoir; a means of pressure damping to maintain constant pressure, as the ratio of the two phases present changes and introduces volumetric changes in the substance; a cooling member which transfer heat from vapor in contact with the cooling member surface to the ''cold side'' of a Peltier thermoelectric element with which the cooling member is in thermal contact; a Peltier thermoelectric element which removes the heat supplied by the cooling member from its ''cold side'' and pumps it to the ''hot side'' when driven by an electric current; and a means of transferring heat from the ''hot side'' of the Peltier thermoelectric element to the two-phase isothermal substance in the reservoir.

Menocal, S.G.

1987-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

413

Bipolar pulse field for magnetic refrigeration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic refrigeration apparatus includes first and second steady state magnets, each having a field of substantially equal strength and opposite polarity, first and second bodies made of magnetocaloric material disposed respectively in the influence of the fields of the first and second steady state magnets, and a pulsed magnet, concentric with the first and second steady state magnets, and having a field which cycles between the fields of the first and second steady state magnets, thereby cyclically magnetizing and demagnetizing and thus heating and cooling the first and second bodies. Heat exchange apparatus of suitable design can be used to expose a working fluid to the first and second bodies of magnetocaloric material. A controller is provided to synchronize the flow of working fluid with the changing states of magnetization of the first and second bodies. 2 figs.

Lubell, M.S.

1994-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

414

Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers including draft environmental assessment, regulatory impact analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (P.L. 94-163), as amended by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 (P.L. 100-12) and by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Amendments of 1988 (P.L. 100-357), and by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 102-486), provides energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products` covered by the Act, and authorizes the Secretary of Energy to prescribe amended or new energy standards for each type (or class) of covered product. The assessment of the proposed standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers presented in this document is designed to evaluate their economic impacts according to the criteria in the Act. It includes an engineering analysis of the cost and performance of design options to improve the efficiency of the products; forecasts of the number and average efficiency of products sold, the amount of energy the products will consume, and their prices and operating expenses; a determination of change in investment, revenues, and costs to manufacturers of the products; a calculation of the costs and benefits to consumers, electric utilities, and the nation as a whole; and an assessment of the environmental impacts of the proposed standards.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

2014-10-06 DOE Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement Overview for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, Freezers, Dehumidifiers, Room Air Conditioners, Clothes Washers, Clothes Dryers, and Dishwashers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation provides an overview of DOE Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, Freezers, Dehumidifiers, Room Air Conditioners, Clothes Washers, Clothes Dryers, and Dishwashers. It was presented via webinar on October 6, 2014.

416

DOE Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star Requirements DOE Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star Requirements March 16, 2010 - 4:28pm Addthis DOE-initiated testing has revealed that a Samsung refrigerator (model RF26VAB), which the company had claimed was Energy Star compliant, consumed more energy than permitted by the Energy Star program. Test results for the Samsung model at issue show that, when tested in accordance with DOE's test procedure, it consumed between 7 and 11.4 percent more energy than the Energy Star requirement. Samsung is no longer manufacturing this model, although it may still be available from some retail outlets. Based on this testing, DOE is referring Samsung Model RF26VAB to the U.S.

417

Covered Product Category: Residential Refrigerators | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Refrigerators Residential Refrigerators Covered Product Category: Residential Refrigerators October 7, 2013 - 11:19am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including residential refrigerators, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases For the most up-to-date efficiency levels required by ENERGY STAR, look for

418

Product Standards for Refrigerators (Japan) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product Standards for Refrigerators (Japan) Product Standards for Refrigerators (Japan) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Product Standards for Refrigerators (Japan) Focus Area: Appliances & Equipment Topics: Policy Impacts Website: www.eccj.or.jp/top_runner/pdf/tr_re-freez_Jul.2006.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/product-standards-refrigerators-japan Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Industry Codes & Standards Regulations: Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling This Energy Conservation Center Japan (ECCJ) document was created as a guide in response to its newly established set of standards and labelling

419

Covered Product Category: Residential Refrigerators | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Refrigerators Refrigerators Covered Product Category: Residential Refrigerators October 7, 2013 - 11:19am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including residential refrigerators, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases For the most up-to-date efficiency levels required by ENERGY STAR, look for

420

Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercRefrigeration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPElectrtyUsePercRefrigeration SPElectrtyUsePercRefrigeration Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Refrigeration Pages using the property "Building/SPElectrtyUsePercRefrigeration" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 4.24846345193 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 24.6944086225 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 1.29913989581 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 7.46645043826 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 +

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

DOE Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy Matter DOE Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy Matter November 14, 2008 - 4:47pm Addthis ENERGY STAR® Program Continues to Help American Consumers Make Energy Efficient Choices WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced an agreement with LG Electronics, USA, Inc. (LG), resolving concerns related to energy usage measurements reported on LG French Door refrigerators with through-the-door ice and water service. The ENERGY STAR® program helps American consumers make energy efficient choices, saving billions of dollars while protecting the environment by using identified energy efficient products and practices. "DOE believes that the actions LG plans to take will benefit consumers and

422

Application of Cryocoolers to a Vintage Dilution Refrigerator  

SciTech Connect

A dilution refrigerator is required for 50mK detector operation of CDMS (Cryogenic Dark Matter Search). Besides shielding the dilution refrigerator itself, the liquid nitrogen shield and liquid helium bath in the refrigerator cool the detector cryostat heat shields and cool electronics, resulting in significant external heat loads at 80K and at 4K. An Oxford Instruments Kelvinox 400 has served this role for ten years but required daily transfers of liquid nitrogen and liquid helium. Complicating the cryogen supply is the location 800 meters below ground in an RF shielded, class 10000 clean room at Soudan, MN. Nitrogen and helium re-liquefiers using cryocoolers were installed outside the clean room and continuously condense room temperature gas and return the liquids to the dilution refrigerator through a transfer line. This paper will describe the design, installation, controls and performance of liquefaction systems.

Schmitt, Richard; Smith, Gary; Ruschman, Mark; /Fermilab; Beaty, Jim; /Minnesota U.

2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

423

Energy Department Announces More Stringent Criteria for ENERGY STAR Refrigerators  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced increased energy efficient criteria for refrigerators carrying the ENERGY STAR label. In order to qualify, full-size...

424

High-Efficiency, Low-Emission Refrigeration System | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of the compressor rack and system diagram for the CO2 refrigeration system.
Credit: Oak Ridge National Lab Image of the compressor rack and system diagram for the CO2...

425

Supermarket refrigeration modeling and field demonstration: Interim report  

SciTech Connect

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has undertaken a project to investigate supermarket refrigeration. The objectives of this project are (1) to develop an energy use and demand model of supermarket refrigeration systems and (2) to carry out an extensive field test of such systems in an operating supermarket. To accomplish these goals, a supermarket owned by Safeway Stores, Inc., and located in Menlo Park, CA, with an existing conventional refrigeration system utilizing single compressor units, was equipped with a state-of-the-art system with multiplexed parallel compressors. The store and both refrigeration systems were thoroughly instrumented and a test schedule was prepared and executed. Presented in this report are the preliminary results of this field test along with the initial validation of the energy use and demand model. 62 figs., 47 tabs.

Walker, D.H.; Deming, G.I.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Speed Control in Industrial Refrigeration: Theory, Application & Case Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is often standard practice in the field of industrial refrigeration to design and operate systems with little regard toward part-load performance. This approach is understandable, whether viewed from the standpoint of the design engineer, plant...

Wilcox, M. H.

427

Applications Tests of Energy Efficient, Environmentally Friendly Refrigerants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes performance demonstrations of two members of the Ikon family of safe, environmentally friendly, high performance substitute refrigerants for replacement of R-12 and R-134a in manufacturing and facilities operations. Preliminary...

Nimitz, J.; Glass, S.; McCullough, E.; Dhooge, P.

428

Optimal Sequencing of Central Refrigeration Equipment in an Industrial Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model was developed to find a viable solution to the problem of selecting the optimal sequence of refrigeration equipment (chillers, cooling towers, pumps) to operate in a Central Utility Plant. The optimal equipment sequence is that sequence...

Fiorino, D. P.; Priest, J. W.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Designing Augmented Refrigerator Magnets Rachel Eardley, Laurel Swan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Designing Augmented Refrigerator Magnets Rachel Eardley, Laurel Swan , Abi Sellen Alex S. Taylor philosophy. As such, they are designed to operate as a modular based system so that their various functions

Hunt, Galen

430

6 Energy Saving Tips for Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

To help businesses save energy and money, the Energy Department today announced new standards aimed at making commercial refrigerators and freezers. Here are just a few more tips to increase the energy efficiency of these appliances.

431

Combined Cold Compressor/Ejector Helium Refrigerator Cycle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years there has been increasing interest in raising refrigeration efficiency and capacity in cycles which produce cooling below 4.2 K. It is, of course, desirable to be able to produce the required s...

A. P. Schlafke; D. P. Brown; K. C. Wu

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Convergence of penalty and augmented Lagrangian formulations in the dynamic analysis of nonlinear multibody systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AND RECOMMENDATIONS. . . , . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . REFERENCES. . APPENDIX A: CLASSICAL MECHANICS BACKGROUND. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VITA. LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page 1. 1 Formulations for the Dynamic Analysis of Multibody Systems... to the dynamic analysis of multibody systems to overcome some of the numerical difficulties associated with certain penalty methods3. Figure 1. 1 illustrates that the augmented Lagrangian formulation is a combination of the penalty and Lagrange multiplier...

Bustamante, David Anthony

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

433

Refrigerator design for the ambulatory and wheelchair-using elderly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REFRIGERATOR DESIGN FOR THE AMBULATORY ANO WHEELCHAIR-USING ELDERLY A Thesis by MARY SUE MILLS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A S M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements f or the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May... 198S Major Subject: Industrial Engineering REFRIGERATOR DESIGN FOR THE AMBULATORY AND WHEELCHAIR-USING ELDERLY A Thesis by MARY SUE MILLS Approved as to style and content by: )7 Rodg Koppa (Chair of Committee) rome . Co leton ( ember...

Mills, Mary Sue

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

434

ARI delegation to Japan on Alternative Refrigerants. [Foreign Trip Report  

SciTech Connect

Researchers from ARI member companies spoke at the International Conference on Alternative Refrigerants in Tokyo and visited several Japanese organizations for the purpose of exchanging information on alternative refrigerants. The specific purpose of the meetings was to review the methods being utilized to screen alternatives to CFCs and HCFCs: materials compatibility screening methods, lubricant testing techniques, as well as flammability studies. A list of papers presented at the conference is included.

Not Available

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

A review of lubrication and preformance issues in refrigeration systems using an HFC (R-134a) refrigerant  

SciTech Connect

It has been considered critical for refrigerant and compressor lubricant to be miscible with each other over part of the range of operating conditions of refrigerant systems. Adequate miscibility, many believe, provides oil return to the compressor. Presently, synthetic polyol esters have been selected for use with HFC refrigerants, such as R-134a, which are considered appropriate alternatives to CFCs. The authors will review the mechanical issues in miscible vs non-miscible naphthenic hydrocarbon oil-based lubricants. Extensive lab, test stand and cabinet testing has been conducted and data will be presented which show responsible and predictable performance based on the chemical and physical properties of the lubricant and refrigerant. Many non-miscible systems show satisfactory performance with the proper selection of lubricant, additives and mechanical configuration. 3 refs., 3 figs., 5 tabs.

Reyes-Gavilan, J.; Eckard, A.; Flak, T.; Tritak, T. [Witco Corporation, Oakland, NJ (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Energy penalty analysis of possible cooling water intake structurerequirements on existing coal-fired power plants.  

SciTech Connect

Section 316(b) of the Clean Water Act requires that cooling water intake structures must reflect the best technology available for minimizing adverse environmental impact. Many existing power plants in the United States utilize once-through cooling systems to condense steam. Once-through systems withdraw large volumes (often hundreds of millions of gallons per day) of water from surface water bodies. As the water is withdrawn, fish and other aquatic organisms can be trapped against the screens or other parts of the intake structure (impingement) or if small enough, can pass through the intake structure and be transported through the cooling system to the condenser (entrainment). Both of these processes can injure or kill the organisms. EPA adopted 316(b) regulations for new facilities (Phase I) on December 18, 2001. Under the final rule, most new facilities could be expected to install recirculating cooling systems, primarily wet cooling towers. The EPA Administrator signed proposed 316(b) regulations for existing facilities (Phase II) on February 28, 2002. The lead option in this proposal would allow most existing facilities to achieve compliance without requiring them to convert once-through cooling systems to recirculating systems. However, one of the alternate options being proposed would require recirculating cooling in selected plants. EPA is considering various options to determine best technology available. Among the options under consideration are wet-cooling towers and dry-cooling towers. Both types of towers are considered to be part of recirculating cooling systems, in which the cooling water is continuously recycled from the condenser, where it absorbs heat by cooling and condensing steam, to the tower, where it rejects heat to the atmosphere before returning to the condenser. Some water is lost to evaporation (wet tower only) and other water is removed from the recirculating system as a blow down stream to control the building up of suspended and dissolved solids. Makeup water is withdrawn, usually from surface water bodies, to replace the lost water. The volume of makeup water is many times smaller than the volume needed to operate a once-through system. Although neither the final new facility rule nor the proposed existing facility rule require dry cooling towers as the national best technology available, the environmental community and several States have supported the use of dry-cooling technology as the appropriate technology for addressing adverse environmental impacts. It is possible that the requirements included in the new facility rule and the ongoing push for dry cooling systems by some stakeholders may have a role in shaping the rule for existing facilities. The temperature of the cooling water entering the condenser affects the performance of the turbine--the cooler the temperature, the better the performance. This is because the cooling water temperature affects the level of vacuum at the discharge of the steam turbine. As cooling water temperatures decrease, a higher vacuum can be produced and additional energy can be extracted. On an annual average, once-through cooling water has a lower temperature than recirculated water from a cooling tower. By switching a once-through cooling system to a cooling tower, less energy can be generated by the power plant from the same amount of fuel. This reduction in energy output is known as the energy penalty. If a switch away from once-through cooling is broadly implemented through a final 316(b) rule or other regulatory initiatives, the energy penalty could result in adverse effects on energy supplies. Therefore, in accordance with the recommendations of the Report of the National Energy Policy Development Group (better known as the May 2001 National Energy Policy), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), through its Office of Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), has studied the energy penalty resulting from converting plants with once-through cooling to wet towers or indirect-dry towers. Five l

Veil, J. A.; Littleton, D. J.; Gross, R. W.; Smith, D. N.; Parsons, E.L., Jr.; Shelton, W. W.; Feeley, T. J.; McGurl, G. V.

2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

437

Heat pump employing optimal refrigerant compressor for low pressure ratio applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

What is disclosed is a heat pump apparatus for conditioning a fluid characterized by a fluid handler for circulating the fluid in heat exchange relationship with a refrigerant fluid; two refrigerant heat exchangers; one for effecting the heat exchange with the fluid and a second refrigerant-heat exchange fluid heat exchanger for effecting a low pressure ratio of compression of the refrigerant; a rotary compressor for compressing the refrigerant with low power consumption at the low pressure ratio; at least one throttling valve connecting at the inlet side of heat exchanger in which liquid refrigerant is vaporized; a refrigerant circuit serially connecting the above elements; refrigerant in the circuit; a source of heat exchange fluid; heat exchange fluid circulating device and heat exchange fluid circuit for circulating the heat exchange fluid in heat exchange relationship with the refrigerant.

Ecker, Amir L. (Dallas, TX)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

491 - 14500 of 26,764 results. 491 - 14500 of 26,764 results. Download Unionaire Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1508) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Unionaire Group failed to certify room air conditioners as compliant with the energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/unionaire-group-proposed-penalty-2011-ce-1508 Download Aucma Group: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1405) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Aucma Group (aka Qingdao Aucma Import and Export Co., Ltd.) failed to certify a variety of residential refrigerators and freezers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/aucma-group-proposed-penalty-2011-ce-1405 Download AGA Marvel: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1905) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that AGA Marvel (also AGA

439

Demand Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in California Title Demand Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in California Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-4837E Year of Publication 2011 Authors Goli, Sasank, Aimee T. McKane, and Daniel Olsen Conference Name 2011 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry Date Published 08/2011 Conference Location Niagara Falls, NY Keywords market sectors, openadr, refrigerated warehouses Abstract Industrial refrigerated warehouses that implemented energy efficiency measures and have centralized control systems can be excellent candidates for Automated Demand Response (Auto-DR) due to equipment synergies, and receptivity of facility managers to strategies that control energy costs without disrupting facility operations. Auto-DR utilizes OpenADR protocol for continuous and open communication signals over internet, allowing facilities to automate their Demand Response (DR). Refrigerated warehouses were selected for research because: They have significant power demand especially during utility peak periods; most processes are not sensitive to short-term (2-4 hours) lower power and DR activities are often not disruptive to facility operations; the number of processes is limited and well understood; and past experience with some DR strategies successful in commercial buildings may apply to refrigerated warehouses. This paper presents an overview of the potential for load sheds and shifts from baseline electricity use in response to DR events, along with physical configurations and operating characteristics of refrigerated warehouses. Analysis of data from two case studies and nine facilities in Pacific Gas and Electric territory, confirmed the DR abilities inherent to refrigerated warehouses but showed significant variation across facilities. Further, while load from California's refrigerated warehouses in 2008 was 360 MW with estimated DR potential of 45-90 MW, actual achieved was much less due to low participation. Efforts to overcome barriers to increased participation may include, improved marketing and recruitment of potential DR sites, better alignment and emphasis on financial benefits of participation, and use of Auto-DR to increase consistency of participation.

440

L&E: Refrigerated Display Case | The Better Buildings Alliance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting & Electrical » Adopt the Lighting & Electrical » Adopt the refrigerated display case lighting performance specification and start saving on your case lighting costs Activities Technology Solutions Teams Lighting & Electrical Space Conditioning Plug & Process Loads Food Service Refrigeration Laboratories Energy Management & Information Systems Public Sector Teams Market Solutions Teams Adopt the refrigerated display case lighting performance specification and start saving on your case lighting costs The LED Refrigerated Display Case Lighting Specification delivers nearly 50% energy savings compared to typical display case lighting. If all retail refrigerated display cases switched today to LED systems, over 2.1 TWh of electricity could be saved annually. LED Refrigerated Display Case Lighting Specification

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Combination cooler and freezer for refrigerating containers and food in outer space  

SciTech Connect

A refrigeration apparatus for cooling containers and food in the microgravity conditions of outer space is described comprising: (a) a housing defining a refrigeration compartment for supporting the containers in a container storage area and food in a refrigerated food storage area, and freezer compartment; (b) cold plate means within the refrigeration compartment for cooling the containers and food by conduction; (c) thermoelectric refrigeration means for maintaining the cold plates at temperatures which cool the contents of the refrigeration compartment, and the freezer compartment.

Rudick, A.G.

1988-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

442

Proposal Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testbed Results Current Testbed Research Proposal Process Terms and Conditions Dark Fiber Testbed Performance (perfSONAR) Software & Tools Development Partnerships...

443

Administrative Order Requiring Compliance and Assessing Civil Penalty  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Administrative Compliance Order No. HWB-14-20 (CO) Pursuant to the New Mexico Hazardous Waste Act ("HWA"), NMSA 1978, Sections 74-4-1 to -14, the Hazardous Waste Bureau ("HWB") of the Environmental Health Division ("Division") of the New Mexico Environmental Department ("NMED") issues this Administrative Compliance Order ("Order") to the United States Department of Energy ("DOE"), and Los Alamos National Security, LLC ("LANS"; collectively, with DOE, the "Respondents"), requiring the Respondents to comply with the terms and conditions of this Order relating to the Los Alamos National Laboratory ("LANL" or "Facility"), and assessing a civil penalty for violations of the HWA, the Hazardous Waste Management Regulations, 20.4.1 NMAC ("HWMR"), and the Facility Permit, EPA I.D. NUMBER NM0890010515-TSDF (Permit").

444

Control of household refrigerators. Part 1: Modeling temperature control performance  

SciTech Connect

Commercial household refrigerators use simple, cost-effective, temperature controllers to obtain acceptable control. A manually adjusted airflow damper regulates the freezer compartment temperature while a thermostat controls operation of the compressor and evaporator fan to regulate refrigerator compartment temperature. Dual compartment temperature control can be achieved with automatic airflow dampers that function independently of the compressor and evaporator fan thermostat, resulting in improved temperature control quality and energy consumption. Under dual control, freezer temperature is controlled by the thermostat while the damper controls refrigerator temperature by regulating airflow circulation. A simulation model is presented that analyzes a household refrigerator configured with a conventional thermostat and both manual and automatic dampers. The model provides a new paradigm for investigating refrigerator systems and temperature control performance relative to the extensive verification testing that is typically done by manufacturers. The effects of each type of control and damper configuration are compared with respect to energy usage, control quality, and ambient temperature shift criteria. The results indicate that the appropriate control configuration can have significant effects and can improve plant performance.

Graviss, K.J.; Collins, R.L.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Quantum refrigerators and the third law of thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rate of temperature decrease of a cooled quantum bath is studied as its temperature is reduced to absolute zero. The third law of thermodynamics is then quantified dynamically by evaluating the characteristic exponent ? of the cooling process dT(t)dt??T? when approaching absolute zero, T?0. A continuous model of a quantum refrigerator is employed consisting of a working medium composed either by two coupled harmonic oscillators or two coupled two-level systems. The refrigerator is a nonlinear device merging three currents from three heat baths: a cold bath to be cooled, a hot bath as an entropy sink, and a driving bath which is the source of cooling power. A heat-driven refrigerator (absorption refrigerator) is compared to a power-driven refrigerator. When optimized, both cases lead to the same exponent ?, showing a lack of dependence on the form of the working medium and the characteristics of the drivers. The characteristic exponent is therefore determined by the properties of the cold reservoir and its interaction with the system. Two generic heat bath models are considered: a bath composed of harmonic oscillators and a bath composed of ideal Bose/Fermi gas. The restrictions on the interaction Hamiltonian imposed by the third law are discussed. In the Appendices, the theory of periodically driven open systems and its implication for thermodynamics are outlined.

Amikam Levy; Robert Alicki; Ronnie Kosloff

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

446

Unsolicited Proposals  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The order sets forth Department of Energy (DOE) requirements and responsibilities for the receipt, processing, and review of unsolicited proposals (USPs). To ensure that those submitting USPs are notified in a timely manner of the status (e.g., pending, accepted for funding, or declined) of their proposals. Cancels DOE O 542.2. Certified 12-28-06.

2002-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

447

Energy performance listings: Residential refrigerator/freezers  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Performance Listings series provides comparative information across manufacturers on products. The Refrigerator/Freezers Listings include more than 2900 models that meet or exceed federal standards contained in the Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products. Information on model energy efficiency levels, performance characteristics, and manufacturer names permits easy selection of top-performing equipment. Each Energy Performance Listing includes an introductory section, two sections of model listings, and an appendix with manufacturer contacts. The first model-listing section presents information in descending order of efficiency for all manufacturers. These efficiency-ordered listings also include banners or symbols to identify voluntary efficiency thresholds for U.S. DOE/U.S. EPA`s Energy Star Program and U.S. DOE`s Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). Products listed above each banner meet or exceed the efficiency level established by the Energy Star program. All models noted with the symbol meet or exceed FEMP levels. With these listings, users can quickly identify the most efficient product in a particular size range, identify products that meet the efficiency criteria of a specific program, or determine an efficiency threshold that will include a specific number of manufacturers. The second section of model listings presents products grouped by manufacturer and catalog number, allowing users to quickly find and identify performance information on specific models. Energy Performance Listings are tools that support purchasing and procurement by federal, state, and local governments and others, including utility companies, energy interest groups, and research organizations. The listings may be used for program design and planning purposes, equipment selection, specification, and purchasing decisions. The listings are a product of the Energy-Efficient Procurement Collaborative, Inc. and are available through NYSERDA.

NONE

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

1. For a refrigerator, you are given that 1 ,0 20 400 t p t = - ? ? . The ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1. For a refrigerator, you are given that. 2. 0. 1. ,0. 20. 400 t t p t. = -. ? ? . The Purdue Actuarial club owns two refrigerators. One is brand new and one was...

Owner

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

449

Next Generation Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants R&D...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

accelerate the transition to low-GWP refrigerants across the entire heating, ventilation, air-conditioning and refrigeration (HVAC&R) industry. The schedule of R&D activities...

450

An Advanced Solar-Powered Rotary Solid Adsorption Refrigerator with High Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reported before. Through improving the refrigerant performance of heat and mass transfer in the adsorbent bed, the refrigeration cycle has been advanced from the aspect of utilization of the thermal energy from low-temperature level resources. In addition...

Zheng, A.; Gu, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Design of a Large 2.0 K Refrigerator for CEBAF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The CEBAF refrigerator is designed to produce 4620 watts of ... Several design features are described, including a modular concept for the 2 K and 4.5 K refrigerator sections and the use of multistage centrifugal...

H. Parish; G. Gistau; C. Hood; K. Kreinbrink; W. Appleton

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Electric equipment providing space conditioning, water heating, and refrigeration consumes 12.5% of the nation's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric equipment providing space conditioning, water heating, and refrigeration consumes 12 are the heart of air conditioners, heat pumps, chillers, supermarket refrigeration systems, and more. Global use of vapor compression system configurations including multi-functional integrated heat pumps, multi

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

453

Design and Optimization of a Pure Refrigerant Cycle for Natural Gas Liquefaction with Subcooling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Design and Optimization of a Pure Refrigerant Cycle for Natural Gas Liquefaction with Subcooling ... The worlds first commercial LNG plant uses the cascade process, which employs three different pure refrigerants: propane, ethane (or ethylene), and methane. ...

Inkyu Lee; Kyungjae Tak; Hweeung Kwon; Junghwan Kim; Daeho Ko; Il Moon

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

454

Comment submitted by the Air Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AHRI Comments - DOE Verification Testing in Support of Energy Star AHRI Comments - DOE Verification Testing in Support of Energy Star May 9, 2011 P a g e | 1 May 9, 2010 Ms. Ashley Armstrong U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 RE: DOE Verification Testing in Support of Energy Star Dear Ms. Armstrong: I am writing on behalf of the Air Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) to address the proposed DOE requirements for verification testing in support of the Energy Star program. AHRI is the trade association representing manufacturers of heating, cooling, and commercial refrigeration equipment. More than 300 members strong, AHRI is an internationally recognized advocate for the industry, and develops standards for and certifies the performance of many of the

455

Quantum spins mimic refrigerator magnets - Argonne National Laboratories,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highlights > Quantum spins mimic refrigerator Highlights > Quantum spins mimic refrigerator magnets Quantum spins mimic refrigerator magnets By Joseph Bernstein * October 11, 2012 The behavior of magnetic moments in metal oxides such as layered iridium is dominated by strong spin-orbit coupling effects. In layered compounds such as Sr3Ir2O7 (shown on the left), the direction of these moments (blue arrows) is controlled at the quantum level by dipolar interactions that are akin to those of classical bar magnets. Another outcome is an unprecedented 'magnon gap' (shown at right), which was measured at the Argonne Advanced Photon Source and reveals that these underlying dipolar magnetic interactions are extremely strong. Current electronic devices depend on manipulating charge. Alternative approaches may rely on not only charge but also the spin of electrons.

456

Thailand Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thailand Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Thailand Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Greenhouse Gas Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis Website http://www.giz.de/en/ Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Thailand South-Eastern Asia References Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)[1]

457

DOE Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator November 9, 2010 - 7:30pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Viking Range Corporation's refrigerator-freezer model VCSB542. The Department initiated this investigation in response to allegations that the model failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. After reviewing data provided by Viking for this model, the Department issued a testing demand on June 16, 2010 and initially tested four units, one of which was defective and replaced by a fifth unit. The test results showed that two Viking units failed the federal energy standard for maximum energy use, while two passed. Because of the wide variation in the

458

DOE Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

into Energy Efficiency of Viking into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator November 9, 2010 - 7:30pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Viking Range Corporation's refrigerator-freezer model VCSB542. The Department initiated this investigation in response to allegations that the model failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. After reviewing data provided by Viking for this model, the Department issued a testing demand on June 16, 2010 and initially tested four units, one of which was defective and replaced by a fifth unit. The test results showed that two Viking units failed the federal energy standard for maximum energy use, while two passed. Because of the wide variation in the

459

South Africa Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in South Africa Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Greenhouse Gas Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis Website http://www.giz.de/en/ Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country South Africa Southern Africa

460

India Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

India Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing India Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Jump to: navigation, search Name India-Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Greenhouse Gas Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis Website http://www.giz.de/en/ Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country India Southern Asia References Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)[1]

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Mexico Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Mexico Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Jump to: navigation, search Name Mexico-Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Greenhouse Gas Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis Website http://www.giz.de/en/ Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Mexico Central America References Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)[1]

462

Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Jump to: navigation, search Name Sectoral Study on Climate and Refrigeration Technology in Developing Countries and the Development of Methods and Instruments for Identifying Reduction Potential and Implementing NAMAs Agency/Company /Organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Greenhouse Gas Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis Website http://www.giz.de/en/ Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country India, Mexico, South Africa, Thailand Southern Asia, Central America, Southern Africa, South-Eastern Asia

463

Intermittent absorption refrigeration system equipped with an economizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Conservation of useful form of energy, i.e. electricity to be used in the production sector rather than consumption sector is becoming a priority in the KSA (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia). One of the consumption sectors which utilize a large amount of electrical energy is the air-conditioning and refrigeration sector. Improving the performance of refrigeration and air-conditioning systems and utilizing solar energy in powering such systems will contribute to significant conservation of electrical energy in the kingdom of Saudi-Arabia. Hence, the objective of the present study is to improve the performance of intermittent solar absorption refrigeration system. To achieve this objective, the design of a conventional intermittent system has been modified by introducing an economizer into the system. The analysis of the modified design system indicated an increase of 20% in the coefficient of performance of the system.

S.A.M. Said; M.A.I. El-Shaarawi; M.U. Siddiqui

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for Impact Evaluation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for Impact Evaluation Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: www.scribd.com/doc/34712276/Energy-efficiency-standards-for-refrigerat Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/energy-efficiency-standards-refrigera Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: "Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling,Emissions Standards" is not in the list of possible values (Agriculture Efficiency Requirements, Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling, Audit Requirements, Building Certification, Building Codes, Cost Recovery/Allocation, Emissions Mitigation Scheme, Emissions Standards, Enabling Legislation, Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, Mandates/Targets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration Planning, Safety Standards, Upgrade Requirements, Utility/Electricity Service Costs) for this property.

465

Unsolicited Proposals  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy's (DOEs) central point of receipt for all Unsolicited Proposals is the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) which includes all DOE Program Research Areas.

466

A simple computational model for Stirling cycle refrigerators  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a simple computational model for an Alpha Free-Pistons Stirling refrigerator. The model assumes isothermal workspaces, where the compression space is maintained at temperature TH, while the expansion space is maintained at temperature TL. The regenerator is assumed to have a linear temperature distribution along its axial direction, with the working fluid taken as an ideal gas. This model is based on a control volume type analysis in which each of the components of the refrigerator (the regenerator and each of the two workspaces) is considered a separate control volume. Moving the compression piston in a predetermined sinusoidal motion provides the work input to the cycle. The motion of the compression space piston generates a pressure difference across the refrigerator, and forces the working fluid to pass through the regenerator. The expansion piston responds to the pressure in its workspace according to Newton's second law of motion. In this way the dynamics of the moving pistons will be coupled to the thermodynamics of the refrigerator system. Conservation laws of mass, momentum and energy along with ideal gas relations are used to form a set of differential and algebraic equations fully describing the refrigerator system. The motion of the expansion piston, the state of the working fluid at each workspace, and the energy terms appearing in the definition of the COP, can all be obtained. A marching-in-time technique with a Runge-Kutta scheme of the fourth order is adapted to integrate the equation of motion of the expansion piston. System behavior can be represented by the motion of the two pistons with time, and also by the pressure-volume diagrams of the workspaces. The COP plots can be produced from the computational results to describe the performance of the refrigerator.

Al-Hazmy, M.M.; Peterson, R.B.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Demand Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in California  

SciTech Connect

Industrial refrigerated warehouses that implemented energy efficiency measures and have centralized control systems can be excellent candidates for Automated Demand Response (Auto-DR) due to equipment synergies, and receptivity of facility managers to strategies that control energy costs without disrupting facility operations. Auto-DR utilizes OpenADR protocol for continuous and open communication signals over internet, allowing facilities to automate their Demand Response (DR). Refrigerated warehouses were selected for research because: They have significant power demand especially during utility peak periods; most processes are not sensitive to short-term (2-4 hours) lower power and DR activities are often not disruptive to facility operations; the number of processes is limited and well understood; and past experience with some DR strategies successful in commercial buildings may apply to refrigerated warehouses. This paper presents an overview of the potential for load sheds and shifts from baseline electricity use in response to DR events, along with physical configurations and operating characteristics of refrigerated warehouses. Analysis of data from two case studies and nine facilities in Pacific Gas and Electric territory, confirmed the DR abilities inherent to refrigerated warehouses but showed significant variation across facilities. Further, while load from California's refrigerated warehouses in 2008 was 360 MW with estimated DR potential of 45-90 MW, actual achieved was much less due to low participation. Efforts to overcome barriers to increased participation may include, improved marketing and recruitment of potential DR sites, better alignment and emphasis on financial benefits of participation, and use of Auto-DR to increase consistency of participation.

Goli, Sasank; McKane, Aimee; Olsen, Daniel

2011-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

468

Investigation of a Single Stage Four-Valve Pulse Tube Refrigerator for High Cooling Power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the optimization of a pulse tube refrigerator for high cooling power. Our approach is to increase the system...

T. Schmauder; A. Waldauf; M. Thrk; R. Wagner; P. Seidel

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

DOE/EA-1643: Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR 431 Commercial Refrigeration Equipment (December 2008)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR 10 CFR Part 431 Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator- Freezers without Doors; and Remote Condensing Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator-Freezers December 2008 CHAPTER 16. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ANALYSIS TABLE OF CONTENTS 16.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 16-1 16.2 AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS ............................................................................................ 16-1

470

New compressor systems seen paring refrigeration costs 15%  

SciTech Connect

Manufacturers claim that a parallel arrangement of three to five compressors of varying capacities can lower a store's refrigerating costs over 15%. The energy savings come from the more-precise matching of compressor capacity with refrigeration demand. The 500 stores that have installed uneven compressor systems are achieving a payback in under a year. Because it is important for controls to match a system for maximum efficiency, manufacturers are introducing tailor-made microprocessor controllers. A table summarizes three supermarket case histories. (DCK)

Barber, J.

1983-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

471

Supermarket with Ground Coupled Carbon Dioxide Refrigeration Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

refrigeration remains the last big subsector and the strongest emission source of the fluorinated hydrocarbons (HFC) in Germany? - Kauffeld [4] About 65 % of the cooling needs in Germany for frozen and refrigerated food products ? over 50.000 GWh.../a [2] In 2011, 72.4 % of the sales share of food retail industry realized in discounters and supermarkets in Germany [1] Supermarket: ? 600 ? 2.000 kWh/m2.a (PE) [3] Normal building: 200 ? 400 kWh/m2.a (PE) [4] [1] EHI retail institute 2012...

Rehault, N.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Magnetic refrigeration apparatus with belt of ferro or paramagnetic material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic refrigerator operating in the 12 to 77 K range utilizes a belt which carries ferromagnetic or paramagnetic material and which is disposed in a loop which passes through the center of a solenoidal magnet to achieve cooling. The magnetic material carried by the belt, which can be blocks in frames of a linked belt, can be a mixture of substances with different Curie temperatures arranged such that the Curie temperatures progressively increase from one edge of the belt to the other. This magnetic refrigerator can be used to cool and liquefy hydrogen or other fluids.

Barclay, J.A.; Stewart, W.F.; Henke, M.D.; Kalash, K.E.

1986-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

473

The growth rate of gas hydrate from refrigerant R12  

SciTech Connect

Experimental and theoretical investigations were presented dealing with three phase direct-contact heat transfer by evaporation of refrigerant drops in an immiscible liquid. Refrigerant R12 was used as the dispersed phase, while water and brine were the immiscible continuous phase. A numerical solution is presented to predict the formation rate of gas hydrates in test column. The solution provided an acceptable agreement when compared with experimental results. The gas hydrate growth rate increased with time. It increased with increasing dispersed phase flow rate. The presence of surface-active sodium chloride in water had a strong inhibiting effect on the gas hydrate formation rate. (author)

Kendoush, Abdullah Abbas; Jassim, Najim Abid [Centre of Engineering Physics, Ministry of Sciences and Technology, P.O. Box 765, Baghdad (Iraq); Joudi, Khalid A. [Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad (Iraq)

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

474

Aerosys Agrees to Pay Civil Penalty and Submit Test Data in Settlement with  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aerosys Agrees to Pay Civil Penalty and Submit Test Data in Aerosys Agrees to Pay Civil Penalty and Submit Test Data in Settlement with DOE Aerosys Agrees to Pay Civil Penalty and Submit Test Data in Settlement with DOE July 6, 2010 - 3:08pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy announced today that AeroSys, Inc. has agreed to pay a civil penalty of $25,000 and take a number of other actions designed to ensure its future compliance with DOE's energy efficiency standards. Last fall, the Department subpoenaed AeroSys's data on the energy use of certain heat pumps and air conditioners and then issued a demand to test 6 air conditioner models and one heat pump. DOE testing revealed that one heat pump model and two air conditioner models consumed more energy than allowed under federal efficiency standards and required AeroSys to cease distribution of those models. DOE also issued

475

RHEOLOGICAL STUDY OF TWO-PHASE SECONDARY FLUIDS FOR REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, indirect refrigeration systems renews interest as they enable to notably reduce the use of environmental the refrigeration applications to the air-conditioning systems. However, this kind of process only remainsRHEOLOGICAL STUDY OF TWO-PHASE SECONDARY FLUIDS FOR REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING. Mylène

Boyer, Edmond

476

Paper No. 206 IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Refrigerants, Delft, The Netherlands, 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

outside the buildings for devices having the refrigerant charge of small heat pumps for space heatingPaper No. 206 10th IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Refrigerants, Delft, The Netherlands by subcooling of the refrigerant in the cold water tank (not used for cooling during winter). The water tank

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

477

Study on Alternative Refrigerants for Direct Expansion Solar Assisted Heat Pump System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports the investigation results of the possibilities for using pure and mixed refrigerants as working fluids to replace R22 for the DX-SAHP systems. Firstly, pure refrigerants are compared in terms of COP, discharge temperature and mass ... Keywords: direct expansion, heat pump, refrigerant, steady state, simulation

Hong Li

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Balancing Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Balancing Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration System J. Cai and J- tion of commercial refrigeration system, featuring balanced system energy consumption and food quality energy consumption and food quality loss, at varying ambient condition, in a supermarket refrigeration

Skogestad, Sigurd

479

Chapter 4: Refrigeration Process Control: Simulation Model 64 44.. RREEFFRRIIGGEERRAATTIIOONN PPRROOCCEESSSS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 4: Refrigeration Process Control: Simulation Model 64 44.. RREEFFRRIIGGEERRAATTIIOONN of the simulation model for the two-stage refrigeration system is presented. The model is based on the mathematical, it is #12;Chapter 4: Refrigeration Process Control: Simulation Model 65 translated into FORTRAN or C

Skogestad, Sigurd

480

Evaluation of ozone-friendly hydrofluoropropane-based zeotropic refrigerant mixtures in a Lorenz-Meutzner refrigerator/freezer  

SciTech Connect

The design of the Lorenz-Meutzner refrigerator/freezer has two evaporators (located in the freezer and fresh food compartments), which makes it a leading candidate for use of zeotropic refrigerant mixtures. Zeotropic mixtures can have significant temperature glides during evaporation and condensation. Performance of the zeotropic mixture can be maximized in the LM design by permitting the lower end of the temperature glide to occur in the freezer compartment evaporator and the higher end in the fresh food compartment evaporator. Several hydrofluoropropane-based zeotropes (e.g., R-227 ea/R-245ca) have been shown through steady-state modeling to outperform R-134a by up to 15%. Results from previous testing of this refrigerator/freezer using R-32/R-124 (zeotropic mixture) were published in an ASHRAE paper (Sand et al. 1993). Their results showed performance gains of approximately 3% over R-12. In the study presented in this paper, the Lorenz-Meutzner refrigerator/freezer having two evaporators and two intercoolers was experimentally tested in an environmental chamber according to Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers/Department of Energy (AHAM/DOE) testing standards using several hydrofluoropropane-based zeotropic mixtures. The results are compared to baseline testing with R-134a. The R-245ca/R-134a and R-245ca/R-152a mixtures performed comparably to R-134a. R-245ca/R-270 outperformed all zeotropic mixtures and R-134a by at least 16%. Also, a refrigerant sampling loop is added to determine the running composition of the mixture and its effects on the performance of the refrigerator/freezer.

Baskin, E. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Bayoglu, E.S.; Delafield, F.R. [Acurex Environmental Corp., Durham, NC (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration proposed penalty" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

All General Counsel Reports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 21, 2012 November 21, 2012 Teddico: Proposed Penalty (2012-SE-5409) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that The Electrical Design, Development and Implementation Company d/b/a Teddico manufactured and distributed noncompliant metal halide lamp fixtures with magnetic probe-start ballasts in the U.S. November 20, 2012 Midea: Penalty Notice Withdrawal (2010-SE-0110) DOE withdrew its January 26, 2012 Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty, but retained the right to take further enforcement actions. November 20, 2012 Midea: Proposed Penalty (2010-SE-0110, 2012-SE-1402, 2012-SE-1404) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Midea America Corp., Hefei Hualing Co., Ltd., and China Refrigeration Industry Co., Ltd. manufactured and distributed noncompliant refrigerator-freezers and

482

2014-07-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers; Final Rule Correction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule correction regarding test procedures for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on July 10, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

483

Modeling the dynamic response of pressures in a distributed helium refrigeration system  

SciTech Connect

A mathematical model is created of the dynamic response of pressures caused by flow inputs to an existing distributed helium refrigeration system. The dynamic system studied consists of the suction and discharge pressure headers and compressor portions of the refrigeration system used to cool the superconducting magnets of the Tevatron accelerator at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. The modeling method involves identifying the system from data recorded during a series of controlled tests, with effort made to detect locational differences in pressure response around the four mile accelerator circumference. A review of the fluid mechanics associated with the system indicates linear time invariant models are suitable for the identification, particularly since the governing equations of one dimensional fluid flow are approximated by linear differential equations. An outline of the experimental design and the data acquisition system are given, followed by a detailed description of the modeling, which utilized the Matlab programming language and associated System Identification Toolbox. Two representations of the system are presented. One, a black box model, provides a multi-input, multi-output description assembled from the results of single input step function testing. This description indicates definite variation in pressure response with distance from the flow input location, and also suggests subtle differences in response with the input location itself. A second system representation is proposed which details the relation between continuous flow changes and pressure response, and provides explanation of a previously unappreciated pressure feedback internal to the system.

Brubaker, J.C.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Compressed air energy storage monitoring to support refrigerated mined rock cavern technology.  

SciTech Connect

This document is the final report for the Compressed Air Energy Storage Monitoring to Support Refrigerated-Mined Rock Cavern Technology (CAES Monitoring to Support RMRCT) (DE-FC26-01NT40868) project to have been conducted by CAES Development Co., along with Sandia National Laboratories. This document provides a final report covering tasks 1.0 and subtasks 2.1, 2.2, and 2.5 of task 2.0 of the Statement of Project Objectives and constitutes the final project deliverable. The proposed work was to have provided physical measurements and analyses of large-scale rock mass response to pressure cycling. The goal was to develop proof-of-concept data for a previously developed and DOE sponsored technology (RMRCT or Refrigerated-Mined Rock Cavern Technology). In the RMRCT concept, a room and pillar mine developed in rock serves as a pressure vessel. That vessel will need to contain pressure of about 1370 psi (and cycle down to 300 psi). The measurements gathered in this study would have provided a means to determine directly rock mass response during cyclic loading on the same scale, under similar pressure conditions. The CAES project has been delayed due to national economic unrest in the energy sector.

Lee, Moo Yul; Bauer, Stephen J.

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

485