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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

List of Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Incentives | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Refrigeration Equipment Incentives Refrigeration Equipment Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 103 Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 103) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP Appalachian Power - Commercial and Industrial Rebate Programs (West Virginia) Utility Rebate Program West Virginia Commercial Industrial Central Air conditioners Chillers Custom/Others pending approval Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Programmable Thermostats Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Ground Source Heat Pumps Yes AEP Ohio - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Commercial Industrial Local Government Municipal Utility

2

2014-02-28 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment; Final Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding energy conservation standards for commercial refrigeration equipment, as issued by the Assistant Secretary on February 28, 2014.

3

US Department of Energys Regulatory Negotiations Convening on Commercial Certification for Heating, Ventilating, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Equipment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document provides Public Information for Convening Interviews for US Department of Energys Regulatory Negotiations Convening on Commercial Certification for Heating, Ventilating, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Equipment

4

Asset Management Equipment Disposal Form -Refrigerant Recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

enters the waste stream with the charge intact (e.g., motor vehicle air conditioners, refrigeratorsAsset Management Equipment Disposal Form - Refrigerant Recovery Safe Disposal Requirements Under refrigeration, cold storage warehouse refrigeration, chillers, and industrial process refrigeration) has to have

Sin, Peter

5

DOE Publishes Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Test Procedure  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy has published a notice of proposed rulemaking regarding test procedures for commercial refrigeration equipment.

6

Monitoring refrigeration energy useage.  

SciTech Connect

Refrigerators use more energy than any other kitchen appliance -- an unsurprising fact considering that refrigerators operate 24 hours a day, 365 days a year to keep food at a safe temperature. In many low-income households, refrigerators eat up more than half the electricity consumed in one year. And if the refrigerator in a family's home is functioning poorly, the cost to the consumer can be enormous. Discovering whether an existing refrigerator is operating inefficiently enough to warrant replacing it is an extremely difficult task for a resident who sees only a monthly electric bill. Only by knowing the approximate usage of the existing unit can anyone tell whether it would pay to buy a new, energy-efficient refrigerator. The savings from replacing older refrigerators can be substantial, and collecting the data needed to determine when refrigerators should be replaced is easier and less costly than one might think. In both Chicago and New York City, replacing existing units cut refrigerator electricity usage by more than 50%. Monitoring to develop an average usage for the existing stock of refrigerators is a task that can be completed by maintenance staff in a reasonably short time -- and identifying poorly performing units that should be immediately replaced can take just two hours of monitoring.

Cavallo, J.; Mapp, J.; Energy Systems; Wisconsin Energy Bureau

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

US Department of Energys Regulatory Negotiations Convening on Commercial Certification for Heating, Ventilating, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Equipment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

US Department of Energy's Regulatory Negotiations Convening on US Department of Energy's Regulatory Negotiations Convening on Commercial Certification for Heating, Ventilating, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Equipment Public Information for Convening Interviews I. What are the substantive issues DOE seeks to address? Strategies for grouping various basic models for purposes of certification; Identification of non-efficiency attributes, which do not impact the measured consumption of the equipment as tested by DOE's test procedure; The information that is certified to the Department; The timing of when the certification should be made relative to distribution in commerce; and Alterations to a basic model that would impact the certification.

8

DOE/EA-1643: Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR 431 Commercial Refrigeration Equipment (December 2008)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR 10 CFR Part 431 Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator- Freezers without Doors; and Remote Condensing Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator-Freezers December 2008 CHAPTER 16. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ANALYSIS TABLE OF CONTENTS 16.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 16-1 16.2 AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS ............................................................................................ 16-1

9

Technical Subtopic 2.1: Modeling Variable Refrigerant Flow Heat Pump and Heat Recovery Equipment in EnergyPlus  

SciTech Connect

The University of Central Florida/Florida Solar Energy Center, in cooperation with the Electric Power Research Institute and several variable-refrigerant-flow heat pump (VRF HP) manufacturers, provided a detailed computer model for a VRF HP system in the United States Department of Energy's (U.S. DOE) EnergyPlus? building energy simulation tool. Detailed laboratory testing and field demonstrations were performed to measure equipment performance and compare this performance to both the manufacturer's data and that predicted by the use of this new model through computer simulation. The project goal was to investigate the complex interactions of VRF HP systems from an HVAC system perspective, and explore the operational characteristics of this HVAC system type within a laboratory and real world building environment. Detailed laboratory testing of this advanced HVAC system provided invaluable performance information which does not currently exist in the form required for proper analysis and modeling. This information will also be useful for developing and/or supporting test standards for VRF HP systems. Field testing VRF HP systems also provided performance and operational information pertaining to installation, system configuration, and operational controls. Information collected from both laboratory and field tests were then used to create and validate the VRF HP system computer model which, in turn, provides architects, engineers, and building owners the confidence necessary to accurately and reliably perform building energy simulations. This new VRF HP model is available in the current public release version of DOE?s EnergyPlus software and can be used to investigate building energy use in both new and existing building stock. The general laboratory testing did not use the AHRI Standard 1230 test procedure and instead used an approach designed to measure the field installed full-load operating performance. This projects test methodology used the air enthalpy method where relevant air-side parameters were controlled while collecting output performance data at discreet points of steady-state operation. The primary metrics include system power consumption and zonal heating and cooling capacity. Using this test method, the measured total cooling capacity was somewhat lower than reported by the manufacturer. The measured power was found to be equal to or greater than the manufacturers indicated power. Heating capacity measurements produced similar results. The air-side performance metric was total cooling and heating energy since the computer model uses those same metrics as input to the model. Although the sensible and latent components of total cooling were measured, they are not described in this report. The test methodology set the thermostat set point temperature very low for cooling and very high for heating to measure full-load performance and was originally thought to provide the maximum available capacity. Manufacturers stated that this test method would not accurately measure performance of VRF systems which is now believed to be a true statement. Near the end of the project, an alternate test method was developed to better represent VRF system performance as if field installed. This method of test is preliminarily called the Load Based Method of Test where the load is fixed and the indoor conditions and unit operation are allowed to fluctuate. This test method was only briefly attempted in a laboratory setting but does show promise for future lab testing. Since variable-speed air-conditioners and heat pumps include an on-board control algorithm to modulate capacity, these systems are difficult to test. Manufacturers do have the ability to override internal components to accommodate certification procedures, however, it is unknown if the resulting operation is replicated in the field, or if so, how often. Other studies have shown that variable-speed air-conditioners and heat pumps do out perform their single-speed counterparts though these field studies leave as many questions as they do provide answers. The measure

Raustad, Richard; Nigusse, Bereket; Domitrovic, Ron

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

10

List of Refrigerators Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Refrigerators Incentives Refrigerators Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 657 Refrigerators Incentives. CSV (rows 1-500) CSV (rows 501-657) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP Ohio - Commercial Custom Project Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Boilers Central Air conditioners Chillers Custom/Others pending approval Furnaces Heat pumps Heat recovery Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Processing and Manufacturing Equipment Refrigerators Yes AEP Ohio - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Commercial Fed. Government Industrial

11

Optimal Sequencing of Central Refrigeration Equipment in an Industrial Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model was developed to find a viable solution to the problem of selecting the optimal sequence of refrigeration equipment (chillers, cooling towers, pumps) to operate in a Central Utility Plant. The optimal equipment sequence is that sequence...

Fiorino, D. P.; Priest, J. W.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Energy-efficiency directory of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers  

SciTech Connect

Information is presented about the energy costs of operating refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers and includes the type of refrigerator or refrigerator-freezer, the fresh food volume, the freezer volume, the total volume, and the yearly energy cost. The directory lists all currently marketed electric refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers that have Energy Guide labels. The Federal Trade Commission requires manufacturers who distribute refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers to attach Energy Guide labels to appliances manufactured on or after May 19, 1980. The data have been measured by manufacturers and/or their agents according to US Government standard test procedures.

Statt, T.G.; Coggins, J.L.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

2014-04-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment; Final Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding test procedures for commercial refrigeration equipment, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on April 10, 2014.

14

Low-GWP Refrigerants Research Project | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emerging Technologies » Low-GWP Refrigerants Research Project Emerging Technologies » Low-GWP Refrigerants Research Project Low-GWP Refrigerants Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research into low global warming potential (GWP) refrigerants. As concerns about climate change intensify, it is becoming increasingly clear that suitable low-GWP refrigerants will be needed for both new and existing residential and commercial heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVAC&R) equipment. Project Description This project seeks to develop alternative refrigerants for HVAC&R equipment. The overall environmental impacts of alternative refrigerants will be assessed using a life cycle climate performance model that accounts for direct emissions associated with refrigerant leaks and indirect

15

Modeling supermarket refrigeration energy use and demand  

SciTech Connect

A computer model has been developed that can predict the performance of supermarket refrigeration equipment to within 3% of field test measurements. The Supermarket Refrigeration Energy Use and Demand Model has been used to simulate currently available refrigerants R-12, R-502 and R-22, and is being further developed to address alternative refrigerants. This paper reports that the model is expected to be important in the design, selection and operation of cost-effective, high-efficiency refrigeration systems. It can profile the operation and performance of different types of compressors, condensors, refrigerants and display cases. It can also simulate the effects of store humidity and temperature on display cases; the efficiency of various floating head pressure setpoints, defrost alternatives and subcooling methods; the efficiency and amount of heat reclaim from refrigeration systems; and the influence of other variables such as store lighting and building design. It can also be used to evaluate operational strategies such as variable-speed drive or cylinder unloading for capacity control. Development of the model began in 1986 as part of a major effort, sponsored by the U.S. electric utility industry, to evaluate energy performance of then conventional single compressor and state-of-the-art multiplex refrigeration systems, and to characterize the contribution of a variety of technology enhancement features on system energy use and demand.

Blatt, M.H.; Khattar, M.K. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (US)); Walker, D.H. (Foster Miller Inc., Waltham, MA (US))

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

DOE/EA-1643: Finding of No Significant Impact for 10 CFR Part 431 Commerical Refrigeration Equipment (12/31/08)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT FOR FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT FOR 10 CFR Part 431 Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator- Freezers without Doors; and Remote Condensing Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator-Freezers December 31, 2008 [6450-01-P] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY 10 CFR Part 431 [Docket Number: EERE-2006-STD-OI26] RIN 1904-AB59 Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator- . Freezers without

17

Cool energy savings opportunities in commercial refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

The commercial sector consumes over 13 quads of primary energy annually. Most of this consumption (two-thirds) meets the energy needs of lighting and heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. The largest consuming group of the remaining one-third is commercial refrigeration at about one quad annually (990 trillion Btu), valued at over $7 billion per year to the commercial sector consumer. Potential energy savings are estimated to be about 266 trillion Btu, with consumer savings valued at about $2 billion. This study provides the first known estimates of these values using a bottom-up approach. The authors evaluated numerous self-contained and engineered commercial refrigeration systems in this study, such as: supermarket central systems, beverage merchandisers, ice machines, and vending machines. Typical physical characteristics of each equipment type were identified at the component level for energy consumption. This information was used to form a detailed database from which they arrived at the estimate of 990 trillion Btu energy consumption for the major equipment types used in commercial refrigeration. Based on the implementation of the most cost-effective technology improvements for the seven major equipment types, they estimated an annual potential energy savings of 266 trillion Btu. Much of the savings can be realized with the implementation of high-efficiency fan motors and compressors. In many cases, payback can be realized within three years.

Westphalen, D.; Brodrick, J.; Zogg, R.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

2014-04-28 Issuance: Certification of Commercial HVAC, Water Heating, and Refrigeration Equipment; Final Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding the certification of commercial heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC), water heating (WH), and refrigeration (CRE) equipment, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on April 28, 2014.

19

Refrigerator-freezer energy testing with alternative refrigerants  

SciTech Connect

As a result of the Montreal Protocol that limits the production of ozone-depleting refrigerants, manufacturers are searching for alternatives to replace the R12 that is presently used in residential refrigerator-freezers. Before an alternative can be selected, several issues must be resolved. Among these are energy impacts, system compatibility, cost, and availability. In an effort to determine the energy impacts of some of the alternatives, energy consumption tests were performed in accordance with section 8 of the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) standard for household refrigerators and household freezers. The results are presented for an 18 cubic foot (0.51 cubic meter), top-mount refrigerator-freezer with a static condenser using the following refrigerants: R12, R500, R12/Dimethyl-ether (DME), R22/R142b, and R134a. Conclusions from the AHAM test are that R500 and R12 /DME have a reduced energy consumption relative to R12 when replaced in the test unit with no modifications to the refrigeration system. Run times were slightly lower than R12 for both refrigerants indicating a higher capacity. While the R134a and R22/R142b results were less promising refrigeration system, such as a different capillary tube or compressor, may improve their performance. 12 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.; Miller, W.A.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Intermittent absorption refrigeration system equipped with an economizer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Conservation of useful form of energy, i.e. electricity to be used in the production sector rather than consumption sector is becoming a priority in the KSA (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia). One of the consumption sectors which utilize a large amount of electrical energy is the air-conditioning and refrigeration sector. Improving the performance of refrigeration and air-conditioning systems and utilizing solar energy in powering such systems will contribute to significant conservation of electrical energy in the kingdom of Saudi-Arabia. Hence, the objective of the present study is to improve the performance of intermittent solar absorption refrigeration system. To achieve this objective, the design of a conventional intermittent system has been modified by introducing an economizer into the system. The analysis of the modified design system indicated an increase of 20% in the coefficient of performance of the system.

S.A.M. Said; M.A.I. El-Shaarawi; M.U. Siddiqui

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Table B36. Refrigeration Equipment, Number of Buildings and Floorspace, 1999  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6. Refrigeration Equipment, Number of Buildings and Floorspace, 1999" 6. Refrigeration Equipment, Number of Buildings and Floorspace, 1999" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)",,,,,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","All Buildings with Refrigeration Equipment","Type of Equipment (more than one may apply)",,,"All Buildings","All Buildings with Refrigeration Equipment","Type of Equipment (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Walk-In","Open Cases or Cabinets","Closed Cases or Cabinets",,,"Walk-In","Open Cases or Cabinets","Closed Cases or Cabinets" "All Buildings ................",4657,950,658,255,719,67338,25652,19713,8808,19938 "Building Floorspace"

22

2014-09-18 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods, Basic Model Definition, and Compliance for Commercial HVAC, Refrigeration, and Water Heating Equipment; Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register supplemental notice of proposed rulemaking regarding energy conservation standards for alternative efficiency determination methods, basic model definition, and compliance for commercial HVAC, Refrigeration, and Water Heating Equipment, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on September 18, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

23

Electric equipment providing space conditioning, water heating, and refrigeration consumes 12.5% of the nation's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric equipment providing space conditioning, water heating, and refrigeration consumes 12 are the heart of air conditioners, heat pumps, chillers, supermarket refrigeration systems, and more. Global use of vapor compression system configurations including multi-functional integrated heat pumps, multi

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

24

Refrigerator-freezer energy testing with alternative refrigerants  

SciTech Connect

As a result of the Montreal Protocol (UNEP 1987) that limits the production of ozone-depleting refrigerants, manufacturers are searching for alternatives to replace the R12 that is presently used in residential refrigerator-freezers. Before an alternative can be selected, several issues must resolved. Among these are energy impacts, system compatibility, cost, and availability, In an effort to determine the energy impacts of some of the alternatives, energy consumption tests were performed in accordance with section 8 of the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) standard for household refrigerators and household freezers (AHAM 1985). The results are presented for an 18 ft{sup 3} (0.51 m{sup 3}), top mount refrigerators-freezer with a static condenser using the following refrigerants: R 12, R500, R12/dimethylether (DME), R22/R142b, and R134a. Conclusions from the AHAM test are that R500 and R12/DME have a reduced energy consumption relative to R12 when replaced in the test unit with no modifications to the refrigeration system. Run times were slightly lower than R12 for both refrigerants, indicating a higher capacity. While the R134a and R22/R142b results were less promising (6.8% and 8.5% higher energy consumption, respectively), changes to the refrigeration system, such as a different capillary tube or compressor, may improve their performance. It is noted that the test results are only an initial step in determining a replacement for R12.

Sand, J.R. (Oak Ridge National Lab., Oak Ridge, TN (US)); Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for Impact Evaluation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for Impact Evaluation Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: www.scribd.com/doc/34712276/Energy-efficiency-standards-for-refrigerat Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/energy-efficiency-standards-refrigera Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: "Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling,Emissions Standards" is not in the list of possible values (Agriculture Efficiency Requirements, Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling, Audit Requirements, Building Certification, Building Codes, Cost Recovery/Allocation, Emissions Mitigation Scheme, Emissions Standards, Enabling Legislation, Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, Mandates/Targets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration Planning, Safety Standards, Upgrade Requirements, Utility/Electricity Service Costs) for this property.

26

New Development of Simulation Methods on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Equipments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Development status of classical simulation technology and application status of artificial intelligence on refrigeration and air conditioning equipments were introduced. The new concept of intelligence simulat...

Cao Wensheng

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Product Standards for Refrigerators (Japan) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product Standards for Refrigerators (Japan) Product Standards for Refrigerators (Japan) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Product Standards for Refrigerators (Japan) Focus Area: Appliances & Equipment Topics: Policy Impacts Website: www.eccj.or.jp/top_runner/pdf/tr_re-freez_Jul.2006.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/product-standards-refrigerators-japan Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Industry Codes & Standards Regulations: Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling This Energy Conservation Center Japan (ECCJ) document was created as a guide in response to its newly established set of standards and labelling

28

Energy Audit Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The tools (equipment) needed to perform an energy audit include those items which assist the auditor in measuring the energy used by equipment or lost in inefficiency. Each tool is designed for a specific measurement. They can be inexpensive simple...

Phillips, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

DOE Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star Requirements DOE Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star Requirements March 16, 2010 - 4:28pm...

30

Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines to someone by E-mail Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines on AddThis.com...

31

List of Data Center Equipment Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Equipment Incentives Equipment Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 17 Data Center Equipment Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 17) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Electric) - Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs (Minnesota) Utility Rebate Program Minnesota Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Nonprofit Retail Supplier State Government Central Air conditioners Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Programmable Thermostats Refrigerators Windows Room Air Conditioners Ground Source Heat Pumps Building Insulation Clothes Washers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Dishwasher Water Heaters LED Exit Signs Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Data Center Equipment

32

Energy performance listings: Residential refrigerator/freezers  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Performance Listings series provides comparative information across manufacturers on products. The Refrigerator/Freezers Listings include more than 2900 models that meet or exceed federal standards contained in the Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products. Information on model energy efficiency levels, performance characteristics, and manufacturer names permits easy selection of top-performing equipment. Each Energy Performance Listing includes an introductory section, two sections of model listings, and an appendix with manufacturer contacts. The first model-listing section presents information in descending order of efficiency for all manufacturers. These efficiency-ordered listings also include banners or symbols to identify voluntary efficiency thresholds for U.S. DOE/U.S. EPA`s Energy Star Program and U.S. DOE`s Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). Products listed above each banner meet or exceed the efficiency level established by the Energy Star program. All models noted with the symbol meet or exceed FEMP levels. With these listings, users can quickly identify the most efficient product in a particular size range, identify products that meet the efficiency criteria of a specific program, or determine an efficiency threshold that will include a specific number of manufacturers. The second section of model listings presents products grouped by manufacturer and catalog number, allowing users to quickly find and identify performance information on specific models. Energy Performance Listings are tools that support purchasing and procurement by federal, state, and local governments and others, including utility companies, energy interest groups, and research organizations. The listings may be used for program design and planning purposes, equipment selection, specification, and purchasing decisions. The listings are a product of the Energy-Efficient Procurement Collaborative, Inc. and are available through NYSERDA.

NONE

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Refrigerator/freezer energy use: Measured values vs. simulation results  

SciTech Connect

The EPA Refrigerator Analysis (ERA) program was utilized in the engineering analysis performed to support the proposed refrigerator/freezer standards in the United States. In this paper the accuracy of the ERA program for predicting the energy consumption of domestic refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers is studied by comparing the predicted energy consumption with the measured energy consumption.

Hakim, S.H.; Turiel, I. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

34

List of Agricultural Equipment Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Agricultural Equipment Incentives Agricultural Equipment Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 90 Agricultural Equipment Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 90) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Agricultural Energy Efficiency Program (New York) State Rebate Program New York Agricultural Agricultural Equipment Boilers Chillers Custom/Others pending approval Dishwasher Furnaces Heat pumps Heat recovery Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Water Heaters Commercial Cooking Equipment Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Food Service Equipment Yes Agricultural Lighting and Equipment Rebate Program (Vermont) State Rebate Program Vermont Agricultural Agricultural Equipment Custom/Others pending approval Lighting

35

Small Commercial Refrigeration Incentive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Commercial Refrigeration Incentive Small Commercial Refrigeration Incentive Small Commercial Refrigeration Incentive < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Incentives over $5,000 must be pre-approved Program Info Funding Source Efficiency Vermont Public Benefit Fund Expiration Date 06/30/2013 State Vermont Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Outside Air Economizers: $1,250 Evaporator Fan Motors: $20 - $100 Evaporator Fan Motor Controls: $550 Door/Frame Heater Controls: $50 per door Case Light Occupancy Controls: $40 LED Refrigerator and Freezer Case Light Fixtures: $6 - $15 per foot Energy Star Ice Machines: $50 - $75 Efficient Compressors: $200 Display Case Strip-Curtain and Continuous Covers: $6 per foot

36

Energy Department Announces More Stringent Criteria for ENERGY STAR Refrigerators  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced increased energy efficient criteria for refrigerators carrying the ENERGY STAR label. In order to qualify, full-size...

37

Energy and global warming impacts of next generation refrigeration and air conditioning technologies  

SciTech Connect

Significant developments have occurred in hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) and the application of ammonia and hydrocarbons as refrigerant working fluids since the original TEWI (Total Equivalent Warming Impact) report in 1991. System operating and performance data on alternative refrigerants and refrigeration technologies justify and updated evaluation of these new alternative refrigerants and competing technologies in well-characterized applications. Analytical and experimental results are used to show quantitative comparisons between HFCS, HFC blends, hydrocarbons, and ammonia, used as refrigerants. An objective evaluation is presented for commercial and near commercial non-CFC refrigerants/blowing agents and alternative refrigeration technologies. This information is needed for objective and quantitative decisions on policies addressing greenhouse gas emissions from refrigeration and air conditioning equipment. The evaluation assesses the energy use and global warming impacts of refrigeration and air conditioning technologies that could be commercialized during the phase out of HCFCS. Quantitative comparison TEWI for two application areas are presented. Opportunities for significant reductions in TEWI are seen with currently known refrigerants through improved maintenance and servicing practices and improved product designs.

Sand, J.R.; Fischer, S.K.; Baxter, V.D.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household Energy Consumption of Refrigerators in Ghana - Outcomes of Household Surveys Speaker(s): Essel Ben Hagan Date: July 12, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Robert Van Buskirk Galen Barbose As part of activities to develop refrigerator efficiency standards regulations in Ghana, a national survey on the energy consumption of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers has been conducted. The survey covered 1000 households in urban, peri-urban and rural communities in various parts of the country. The survey found that, on average, refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers in Ghana use almost three times what is allowed by minimum efficiency standards in the U.S., and a few refrigerators had energy use at levels almost ten times the U.S.

39

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE PROPOSED ENERGY CONSERVATION STANDARD FOR REFRIGERATORS, REFRIGERATOR-  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ASSESSMENT FOR THE PROPOSED ENERGY ASSESSMENT FOR THE PROPOSED ENERGY CONSERVATION STANDARD FOR REFRIGERATORS, REFRIGERATOR- , AND FREEZERS - 1. INTRODUCTION AND NEED FOR PROPOSED ACTION ental Assessment (EA) on the candidate energy conservation stand licy Act. of 1969 (NEPA), regulations of the Council on Environmentd Qu refrigerators, re€iigerator-freezers, and freezers was prepared pursuant to the National ' ederal Regulations, Parts 1500 through. 1508. The proposed energy conservation standard (Level 1) and the alternative standards are being reviewed in an energy- efficiency standards rulemaking that the Department has undertaken pursuant to the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended by the National Energy Conservation Policy Act and the National Appliance Energy Consehation Act

40

PhD student in Energy Technology, specifically in Commercial refrigeration systems with CO2 as refrigerant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the use of carbon dioxide as refrigerant in supermarket refrigeration systems. The work includes fieldPhD student in Energy Technology, specifically in Commercial refrigeration systems with CO2 a PhD student in Energy Technology, specifically Commercial refrigeration systems with CO2

Kazachkov, Ivan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

List of Personal Computing Equipment Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Personal Computing Equipment Incentives Personal Computing Equipment Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 21 Personal Computing Equipment Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 21) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Alexandria Light and Power - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Minnesota) Utility Rebate Program Minnesota Commercial Industrial Central Air conditioners Chillers Compressed air Custom/Others pending approval Heat pumps Lighting Motor VFDs Motors Programmable Thermostats Water Heaters Windows Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Personal Computing Equipment Ground Source Heat Pumps Yes Avista Utilities (Electric) - Commercial Energy Efficiency Incentives Program (Idaho) Utility Rebate Program Idaho Commercial

42

About the Appliance and Equipment Standards Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

About the Appliance and About the Appliance and Equipment Standards Program About the Appliance and Equipment Standards Program The Department of Energy (DOE) and the Buildings Technologies Office sets minimum energy efficiency standards for approximately 50 categories of appliances and equipment used in homes, businesses, and other applications, as required by existing law. The appliances and equipment covered provide services that are used by consumers and businesses each day, such as space heating and cooling, refrigeration, cooking, clothes washing and drying, and lighting. DOE's minimum efficiency standards significantly reduce U.S. energy demand, lower emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants, and save consumers billions of dollars every year, without lessening the

43

2014-02-07 Issuance: Certification of Commercial Heating, Ventilation, and Air-conditioning, Water Heating, and Refrigeration Equipment; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking regarding certification of commercial heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning, water-heating, and refrigeration equipment, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on February 7, 2014.

44

Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? July 20, 2012 - 4:35pm Addthis Earlier this week, Amanda wrote about how you can save energy by choosing the right refrigerator and using it efficiently. These tips explain all sorts of ways you can ensure your refrigerator uses as little energy as possible to keep itself cool. So this week, we're curious: Could you save money with your refrigerator? You have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles How Do You Save Money on Summer Holidays? Have You Seen Energy Efficiency Improvements in Your Neighborhood?

45

Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? Could You Save Money on Your Refrigerator? July 20, 2012 - 4:35pm Addthis Earlier this week, Amanda wrote about how you can save energy by choosing the right refrigerator and using it efficiently. These tips explain all sorts of ways you can ensure your refrigerator uses as little energy as possible to keep itself cool. So this week, we're curious: Could you save money with your refrigerator? You have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles How Do You Save Money on Summer Holidays? Have You Seen Energy Efficiency Improvements in Your Neighborhood?

46

Energy Efficient, Environmentally Friendly Refrigerants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a Testing in the Vapor Compression Test Loop at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) gave 20-25% higher energy efficiency for Ikon B compared to R-22, but at 40-50% lower volumetric capacity. CONCLUSIONS A new high-performance, environmentally...

Nimitz, J.; Glass, S.; Dhooge, P. M.

47

Equipment Certification | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Equipment Certification Equipment Certification Jump to: navigation, search Policies requiring renewable energy equipment to meet certain standards serve to protect consumers from buying inferior equipment. These requirements not only benefit consumers; they also protect the renewable energy industry by making it more difficult for substandard systems to reach the market. [1] Equipment Certification Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 19) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act (Canada) Environmental Regulations Equipment Certification Fees Generating Facility Rate-Making Generation Disclosure Industry Recruitment/Support Safety and Operational Guidelines Siting and Permitting Canada Commercial Construction Developer

48

La Plata Electric Association - Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

La Plata Electric Association - Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate La Plata Electric Association - Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Program La Plata Electric Association - Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Program Info State Colorado Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Dishwasher: $40 Clothes Washer: $40 Refrigerator/Freezer: $40 Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $25 Water Heaters: $75 - $300 ETS Heaters: $20 - $30/kWh Heater Timing Devices: $25 Motors: $9/HP Motor Wiring Assistance: $1.50/HP Air-source Heat Pumps: Contact LPEA Geothermal Heat Pumps: Contact LPEA Energy Efficient Lighting (Commercial Only): $250/kW reduced

49

Renewable Energy Equipment Exemption  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Iowa allow a sales tax exemption for solar, wind, and hydroelectricity equipment. As of May 2013, the Iowa sales tax rate is 6%.

50

Tipmont REMC - Energy Efficiency Equipment Rebate Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tipmont REMC - Energy Efficiency Equipment Rebate Program Tipmont REMC - Energy Efficiency Equipment Rebate Program Tipmont REMC - Energy Efficiency Equipment Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State Indiana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $35 Electric Water Heater: $50 - $100 Geothermal Heat Pumps: $500 Air-source Heat Pumps: $150 - $450/ton Provider Tipmont REMC Tipmont REMC customers are eligible for rebates for the installation of efficient water heaters and air-source and geothermal heat pumps. A rebate is also available for the recycling of older, less efficient refrigerators and stand alone freezers. Air-source heat pumps are eligible for rebates

51

6 Energy Saving Tips for Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

To help businesses save energy and money, the Energy Department today announced new standards aimed at making commercial refrigerators and freezers. Here are just a few more tips to increase the energy efficiency of these appliances.

52

List of Commercial Cooking Equipment Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cooking Equipment Incentives Cooking Equipment Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 39 Commercial Cooking Equipment Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 39) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP Ohio - Commercial New Construction Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Commercial Industrial Local Government Municipal Utility Nonprofit Schools State Government Central Air conditioners Chillers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Custom/Others pending approval Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Water Heaters Commercial Cooking Equipment Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Room Air Conditioners Yes Agricultural Energy Efficiency Program (New York) State Rebate Program New York Agricultural Agricultural Equipment

53

DOE Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy Matter DOE Reaches Agreement with LG Electronics, USA, On Refrigerator Energy Matter November 14, 2008 - 4:47pm Addthis ENERGY STAR® Program Continues to Help American Consumers Make Energy Efficient Choices WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced an agreement with LG Electronics, USA, Inc. (LG), resolving concerns related to energy usage measurements reported on LG French Door refrigerators with through-the-door ice and water service. The ENERGY STAR® program helps American consumers make energy efficient choices, saving billions of dollars while protecting the environment by using identified energy efficient products and practices. "DOE believes that the actions LG plans to take will benefit consumers and

54

Modeling Supermarket Refrigeration Systems with EnergyPlus  

SciTech Connect

Supermarket refrigeration capabilities were first added to EnergyPlus in 2004. At that time, it was possible to model a direct expansion (DX) rack system with multiple refrigerated cases. The basic simulation software handles all the building energy uses, typically on a 5 to 10 minute time step throughout the period of interest. The original refrigeration module included the ability to model the sensible and latent interactions between the refrigerated cases and the building HVAC system, along with some basic heat recovery capabilities. Over the last few years, the refrigeration module has been expanded to handle more complex systems, such as secondary loops, shared condensers, cascade condensers, subcoolers, and walk-in coolers exchanging energy with multiple conditioned zones.

Stovall, Therese K [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Control of Refrigeration Systems for Trade-off between Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control of Refrigeration Systems for Trade-off between Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss Ph and Technology (DMST) under Grant: 2002-603/4001-93. CMBC consists of seven industrial companies, three academic of the three academic partners in the center. The refrigeration research activities within CMBC were initiated

Skogestad, Sigurd

56

DOE Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star Requirements DOE Testing Reveals Samsung Refrigerator Does Not Meet Energy Star Requirements March 16, 2010 - 4:28pm Addthis DOE-initiated testing has revealed that a Samsung refrigerator (model RF26VAB), which the company had claimed was Energy Star compliant, consumed more energy than permitted by the Energy Star program. Test results for the Samsung model at issue show that, when tested in accordance with DOE's test procedure, it consumed between 7 and 11.4 percent more energy than the Energy Star requirement. Samsung is no longer manufacturing this model, although it may still be available from some retail outlets. Based on this testing, DOE is referring Samsung Model RF26VAB to the U.S.

57

2014-02-28 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment; Final Rule 2014-02-28 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment;...

58

List of Food Service Equipment Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Service Equipment Incentives Service Equipment Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 112 Food Service Equipment Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 112) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active APS - Energy Efficiency Solutions for Business (Arizona) Utility Rebate Program Arizona Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Retail Supplier Schools State Government Building Insulation Central Air conditioners Chillers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Custom/Others pending approval Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Programmable Thermostats Refrigerators LED Exit Signs Evaporative Coolers Vending Machine Controls Food Service Equipment Yes Agricultural Energy Efficiency Program (New York) State Rebate Program New York Agricultural Agricultural Equipment

59

Covered Product Category: Residential Refrigerators | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Refrigerators Residential Refrigerators Covered Product Category: Residential Refrigerators October 7, 2013 - 11:19am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including residential refrigerators, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases For the most up-to-date efficiency levels required by ENERGY STAR, look for

60

Covered Product Category: Residential Refrigerators | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Refrigerators Refrigerators Covered Product Category: Residential Refrigerators October 7, 2013 - 11:19am Addthis ENERGY STAR Qualified Products FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including residential refrigerators, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law. Most manufacturers display the ENERGY STAR label on complying models. For a model not displaying this label, check the manufacturer's literature to determine if it meets the efficiency requirements outlined by ENERGY STAR. Performance Requirements for Federal Purchases For the most up-to-date efficiency levels required by ENERGY STAR, look for

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Energy Efficiency and Environmental Impact Analyses of Supermarket Refrigeration Systems  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents energy and life cycle climate performance (LCCP) analyses of a variety of supermarket refrigeration systems to identify designs that exhibit low environmental impact and high energy efficiency. EnergyPlus was used to model refrigeration systems in a variety of climate zones across the United States. The refrigeration systems that were modeled include the traditional multiplex DX system, cascade systems with secondary loops and the transcritical CO2 system. Furthermore, a variety of refrigerants were investigated, including R-32, R-134a, R-404A, R-1234yf, R-717, and R-744. LCCP analysis was used to determine the direct and indirect carbon dioxide emissions resulting from the operation of the various refrigeration systems over their lifetimes. Our analysis revealed that high-efficiency supermarket refrigeration systems may result in up to 44% less energy consumption and 78% reduced carbon dioxide emissions compared to the baseline multiplex DX system. This is an encouraging result for legislators, policy makers and supermarket owners to select low emission, high-efficiency commercial refrigeration system designs for future retrofit and new projects.

Fricke, Brian A [ORNL] [ORNL; Bansal, Pradeep [ORNL] [ORNL; Zha, Shitong [Hillphoenix] [Hillphoenix

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Novel Energy Conversion Equipment for Low Temperature Geothermal Resources  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Novel Energy Conversion Equipment for Low Temperature Geothermal Resources Novel Energy Conversion Equipment for Low Temperature Geothermal Resources Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Novel Energy Conversion Equipment for Low Temperature Geothermal Resources Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Geothermal Technologies Program Project Type / Topic 2 Geothermal Energy Production from Low Temperature Resources, Coproduced Fluids from Oil and Gas Wells, and Geopressured Resources Project Type / Topic 3 Low Temperature Resources Project Description Using mass-produced chiller equipment for "reverse refrigeration" to generate electricity: This approach allows Johnson Controls to take advantage of the economies of scale and manufacturing experience gained from current products while minimizing performance risks. Process efficiencies will be increased over the current state of the art in two ways: better working fluids and improved cycle heat management.

63

List of Equipment Insulation Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Insulation Incentives Insulation Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 242 Equipment Insulation Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 242) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP Ohio - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Central Air conditioners Chillers Custom/Others pending approval Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Equipment Insulation Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Programmable Thermostats Refrigerators Yes AEP Public Service Company of Oklahoma - Residential Efficiency Rebate Program (Oklahoma) Utility Rebate Program Oklahoma Residential Building Insulation

64

Improving the energy efficiency of refrigerators in India  

SciTech Connect

Five state-of-the-art, production refrigerators from different manufacturers in India were subjected to a variety of appliance rating and performance evaluation test procedures in an engineering laboratory. Cabinet heat loss, compressor calorimeter, high-ambient pull-down, and closed-door energy consumption tests were performed on each unit to assess the current status of commercially available Indian refrigerators and refrigerator component efficiencies. Daily energy consumption tests were performed at nominal line voltages and at 85% and 115% of nominal voltage to assess the effect of grid voltage variations. These test results were also used to indicate opportunities for effective improvements in energy efficiency. A widely distributed ``generic`` computer model capable of simulating single-door refrigerators with a small interior freezer section was used to estimate cabinet heat loss rates and closed door energy consumption values from basic cabinet and refrigeration circuit inputs. This work helped verify the model`s accuracy and potential value as a tool for evaluating the energy impact of proposed design options. Significant differences ranging from 30 to 90% were seen in the measured performance criterion for these ``comparable`` refrigerators suggesting opportunities for improvements in individual product designs. Modeled cabinet heat loadings differed from experimentally extrapolated values in a range from 2--29%, and daily energy consumption values estimated by the model differed from laboratory data by as little as 3% or as much as 25%, which indicates that refinement of the model may be needed for this single-door refrigerator type. Additional comparisons of experimentally measured performance criteria such as % compressor run times and compressor cycling rates to modeled results are given. The computer model is used to evaluate the energy saving impact of several modest changes to the basic Indian refrigerator design.

Sand, J.R.; Vineyard, E.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bohman, R.H. [Consulting Engineer, Cedar Rapids, IA (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

DOE Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator November 9, 2010 - 7:30pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Viking Range Corporation's refrigerator-freezer model VCSB542. The Department initiated this investigation in response to allegations that the model failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. After reviewing data provided by Viking for this model, the Department issued a testing demand on June 16, 2010 and initially tested four units, one of which was defective and replaced by a fifth unit. The test results showed that two Viking units failed the federal energy standard for maximum energy use, while two passed. Because of the wide variation in the

66

DOE Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

into Energy Efficiency of Viking into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation into Energy Efficiency of Viking Refrigerator November 9, 2010 - 7:30pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Viking Range Corporation's refrigerator-freezer model VCSB542. The Department initiated this investigation in response to allegations that the model failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. After reviewing data provided by Viking for this model, the Department issued a testing demand on June 16, 2010 and initially tested four units, one of which was defective and replaced by a fifth unit. The test results showed that two Viking units failed the federal energy standard for maximum energy use, while two passed. Because of the wide variation in the

67

Of Refrigerators & Regulations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Of Refrigerators & Regulations Of Refrigerators & Regulations Of Refrigerators & Regulations February 8, 2011 - 9:29am Addthis Jesse Lee White House Director of Online Affairs Editor's Note: This entry has been cross-posted from The White House Blog. For those interested in the President's remarks to the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and his views on the shared responsibilities of government and business to the American people, our post earlier will give a suitable overview. For those interested in the details of the President's Executive Order on reviewing regulations and their impacts on the economy, Cass Sunstein's post this morning will also be of value. But the President also took a moment during his speech to put the debate over regulation in a different perspective, and to break through the false dichotomy so often

68

Research and development of highly energy-efficient supermarket refrigeration systems. Volume 1. Executive summary and task reports  

SciTech Connect

The Supermarket Energy Systems Project was structured to investigate and develop new highly energy-efficient supermarket refrigeration systems. A market and system analysis was performed for supermarket energy systems. The market analysis describes the overall structure of the supermarket industry as well as the distribution of energy-using systems in a typical supermarket. The market analysis evaluates the supermarket industry and the typical supermarket as customers buying energy-saving equipment. The systems analysis includes all supermarket energy-saving systems but focuses on the refrigeration system, the major energy-consuming system in a supermarket. A computer simulation program for supermarket refrigeration was developed and has been used to perform a sensitivity analysis, identifying those improvements or changes to the refrigeration system which offer the greatest energy-saving potential. Energy-saving improvements are described and evaluated. The results of the marketing and system analyses are combined with government, manufacturer, and customer criteria to rank various energy-saving improvements in order of desirability for further study, development and commercialization. A supermarket refrigeration system consisting of: unequal, parallel compressors; condenser with floating head-pressure control; and a microprocessor-based electronic control system was analyzed, designed, fabricated, and recommended. A compressor capacity control algorithm was designed to select the optimum compressor combination for each operating condition to match compressor capacity to refrigeration load. A microprocessor system based on an Intel 8085 microprocessor was selected for system control and data acquisition. An economic analysis was performed.

Toscano, W.M.; Heaton, D.M.; Krepchin, I.P.; Lee, K.; Oven, M.J.; Walker, D.H.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Parke County REMC - Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Parke County REMC - Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Program Parke County REMC - Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Program Parke County REMC - Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate Geothermal Heat Pump: 1 per home or business Program Info State Indiana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Water Heater: $50 - $150 Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $35 Air-Source/Dual Fuel Heat Pump: $150 - $500 Geothermal Heat Pump: $800 Provider Parke County REMC Parke County REMC offers rebates to commercial and residential customers for purchasing and installing qualifying energy efficient water heaters, air-source heat pumps, dual fuel heat pumps, and geothermal heat pumps.

70

Agricultural Equipment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Equipment Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleAgriculturalEquipment&oldid267143...

71

Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 Residential Refrigerator-Freezer Appendix A1 - v2.8.xlsx More Documents & Publications Refrigerators and...

72

Balancing Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Balancing Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration System J. Cai and J- tion of commercial refrigeration system, featuring balanced system energy consumption and food quality energy consumption and food quality loss, at varying ambient condition, in a supermarket refrigeration

Skogestad, Sigurd

73

Proceedings: commercial refrigeration research workshop. Summary  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this workshop was to identify the state-of-the-art and determine research needs for improving energy use and demand in commercial refrigeration applications. Workshop attendees included research and development, technical operations and marketing people from manufacturers of supermarket refrigeration, space conditioning, and energy management systems equipment, and from supermarket chains and electric utilities. Presentations were given on best current practice and research needs from the perspective of each of these industry segments. Working groups identified ten important research, development and equipment demonstration projects to improve the efficiency of refrigerating equipment, heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) equipment, and other energy-using systems in supermarkets.

Blatt, M.H.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

2014-12-22 Issuance: Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods, Basic Model Definition, and Compliance for Commercial HVAC, Refrigeration, and Water Heating Equipment; Final Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding alternative efficiency determination methods, basic model definition, and compliance for commercial HVAC, refrigeration, and water heating equipment , as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on December 22, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

75

FLOATING PRESSURE CONVERSION AND EQUIPMENT UPGRADES OF TWO 3.5KW, 20K, HELIUM REFRIGERATORS  

SciTech Connect

Two helium refrigerators, each rated for 3.5 KW at 20 K, are used at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Building No. 32 to provide cryogenic-pumping within two large thermal-vacuum chambers. These refrigerators were originally commissioned in 1996. New changes to the controls of these refrigerators were recently completed. This paper describes some of the control issues that necessitated the controls change-over. It will describe the modifications and the new process control which allows the refrigerators to take advantage of the Ganni Cycle floating pressure control technology. The controls philosophy change-over to the floating pressure control technology was the first application on a helium gas refrigeration system. Previous implementations of the floating pressure technology have been on 4 K liquefaction and refrigeration systems, which have stored liquid helium volumes that have level indications used for varying the pressure levels (charge) in the system for capacity modulation. The upgrades have greatly improved the performance, stability, and efficiency of these two refrigerators. The upgrades have also given the operators more information and details about the operational status of the main components (compressors, expanders etc.) of the refrigerators at all operating conditions (i.e. at various loads in the vacuum chambers). The performance data of the two systems, pre and post upgrading are presented.

J. Homan, V. Ganni, A. Sidi-Yekhlef, J. Creel, R. Norton, R. Linza, G. Vargas, J. Lauterbach, J. Urbin, D. Howe

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Equipment Insulation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

List of Equipment Insulation Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleEquipmentInsulation&oldid267163" Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

77

Energy consumption testing of innovative refrigerator-freezers  

SciTech Connect

The high ambient temperature of the Canadian Standards Association (CSA) and the AHAM/DOE Refrigerator-Freezer Energy Consumption Standards is intended to compensate for the lack of door openings and other heat loads. Recently published results by Meier and Jansky (1993) indicate labeled consumption overpredicting typical field consumption by 15%. In-house field studies on conventional models showed labeled consumption overpredicting by about 22%. The Refrigerator-Freezer Technology Assessment (RFTA) test was developed to more accurately predict field consumption. This test has ambient temperature and humidity, door openings, and condensation control set at levels intended to typify Canadian household conditions. It also assesses consumption at exactly defined compartment rating temperatures. Ten conventional and energy-efficient production models were laboratory tested. The RFTA results were about 30% lower than labeled. Similarly, the four innovative refrigerator-freezer models, when field tested, also had an average of 30% lower consumption than labeled. Thus, the results of the limited testing suggest that the RFTA test may be a more accurate predictor of field use. Further testing with a larger sample is recommended. Experimental results also indicated that some innovative models could save up to 50% of the energy consumption compared with similar conventional units. The technologies that contributed to this performance included dual compressors, more efficient compressors and fan motors, off-state refrigerant control valve, fuzzy logic control, and thicker insulation. The larger savings were on limited production models, for which additional production engineering is required for full marketability.

Wong, M.T.; Howell, B.T.; Jones, W.R. [Ontario Hydro Technologies, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Long, D.L. [Statistical Solutions, Mississauga, Ontario (Canada)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

78

Equipment Certification Requirements | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Equipment Certification Requirements Equipment Certification Requirements Jump to: navigation, search Policies requiring renewable energy equipment to meet certain standards serve to protect consumers from buying inferior equipment. These requirements not only benefit consumers; they also protect the renewable energy industry by making it more difficult for substandard systems to reach the market. [1] Contents 1 Equipment Certification Incentives 2 References Equipment Certification Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 19) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act (Canada) Environmental Regulations Equipment Certification Fees Generating Facility Rate-Making Generation Disclosure Industry Recruitment/Support Safety and Operational Guidelines

79

Opportunities for Energy Efficiency and Automated Demand Response in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in significant energy and demand savings for refrigeratedbe modified to reduce energy demand during demand responsein refrigerated warehouse energy demand if they are not

Lekov, Alex

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Healthcare Energy: Spotlight on Medical Equipment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Building Technologies Office conducted a healthcare energy end-use monitoring project for two sites. Read details about large medical imaging equipment energy results.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Solar Equipment Certification | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Equipment Certification Solar Equipment Certification Solar Equipment Certification < Back Eligibility Construction General Public/Consumer Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Program Info State Florida Program Type Equipment Certification Provider Florida Solar Energy Center Under the Solar Energy Standards Act of 1976, the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) is responsible for certifying all solar equipment sold in Florida. A manufacturer who wishes to have their solar equipment certified first contacts FSEC for an application and requests that FSEC test samples of the product at random. Equipment is then subjected to a series of tests in order to be approved or denied certification. Standards and applications procedures for specific technologies are available on the FSEC web site.

82

A Variable Refrigerant Flow Heat Pump Computer Model in EnergyPlus  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides an overview of the variable refrigerant flow heat pump computer model included with the Department of Energy's EnergyPlusTM whole-building energy simulation software. The mathematical model for a variable refrigerant flow heat pump operating in cooling or heating mode, and a detailed model for the variable refrigerant flow direct-expansion (DX) cooling coil are described in detail.

Raustad, Richard A. [Florida Solar Energy Center

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Energy use test procedures for appliances: A case study of Japanese refrigerators  

SciTech Connect

The energy test procedure provides a consistent measurement of refrigerator energy consumption, which can be used by engineers, utility forecasters, and consumers. The U.S. and Japanese test procedures for refrigerators differ significantly, so it is impossible to directly compare the performance of unique features, or even determine which units are more efficient. The energy use of 12 Japanese refrigerators (of which 9 were unique models) were measured under the U.S. DOE energy test procedure and compared to that reported by the manufacturers under the Japanese test procedure. The Japanese refrigerators used substantially more electricity with the DOE test.

Meier, A.K.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Comment submitted by the Air Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AHRI Comments - DOE Verification Testing in Support of Energy Star AHRI Comments - DOE Verification Testing in Support of Energy Star May 9, 2011 P a g e | 1 May 9, 2010 Ms. Ashley Armstrong U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 RE: DOE Verification Testing in Support of Energy Star Dear Ms. Armstrong: I am writing on behalf of the Air Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) to address the proposed DOE requirements for verification testing in support of the Energy Star program. AHRI is the trade association representing manufacturers of heating, cooling, and commercial refrigeration equipment. More than 300 members strong, AHRI is an internationally recognized advocate for the industry, and develops standards for and certifies the performance of many of the

85

The New York Power Authority`s energy-efficient refrigerator program for the New York City Housing Authority -- 1997 savings evaluation  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the estimation of the annual energy savings achieved from the replacement of 20,000 refrigerators in New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) public housing with new, highly energy-efficient models in 1997. The US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) pays NYCHA`s electricity bills, and agreed to reimburse NYCHA for the cost of the refrigerator installations. Energy savings over the lifetime of the refrigerators accrue to HUD. Savings were demonstrated by a metering project and are the subject of the analysis reported here. The New York Power Authority (NYPA) identified the refrigerator with the lowest life-cycle cost, including energy consumption over its expected lifetime, through a request for proposals (RFP) issued to manufacturers for a bulk purchase of 20,000 units in 1997. The procurement was won by Maytag with a 15-ft{sup 3} top-freezer automatic-defrost refrigerator rated at 437 kilowatt-hours/year (kWh/yr). NYCHA then contracted with NYPA to purchase, finance, and install the new refrigerators, and demanufacture and recycle materials from the replaced units. The US Department of Energy (DOE) helped develop and plan the project through the ENERGY STAR{reg_sign} Partnerships program conducted by its Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PNNL designed the metering protocol and occupant survey used in 1997, supplied and calibrated the metering equipment, and managed and analyzed the data collected by NYPA. The objective of the 1997 metering study was to achieve a general understanding of savings as a function of refrigerator label ratings, occupant effects, indoor and compartment temperatures, and characteristics (such as size, defrost features, and vintage). The data collected in 1997 was used to construct models of refrigerator energy consumption as a function of key refrigerator and occupant characteristics.

Pratt, R.G.; Miller, J.D.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Investigation of ammonia equipment configurations for supermarket refrigeration applications (for microcomputers). Software  

SciTech Connect

This product gives results of a project to quantify the advantages and disadvantages of using ammonia with a secondary brine refrigerant compared to R-22 in supermarket refrigeration applications. Project objectives were achieved by numerical experiments using simulations. Mechanistic models of refrigeration system components were used, based on fundamental principles, accepted heat transfer/pressure drop correlations, and available manufacturers` data. Available thermodynamic and transport property data correlations for ammonia and R-22 were used in the models. The parameters of these models were varied to determine their effect on system performance and locate optimum values. A modular approach was used in which each component was separately modeled, allowing simple changes in system configurations. The combined component models resulted in a large set of coupled nonlinear algebraic equations for the quasi-steady systems that did not involve brine storage. The system involved differential and algebraic equations. These equations were solved using the general-purpose simulation programs EES and TRNSYS. EES is a robust nonlinear equation-solving program with built-in thermophysical property data. TRNSYS is a sequential modular simulation program that uses schemes to solve coupled algebraic and differential equations.

NONE

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Working Fluids Low GWP Working Fluids Low GWP Refrigerants - CRADA Ed Vineyard Oak Ridge National Laboratory vineyardea@ornl.gov (865) 574-0576 3 April 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: - High GWP refrigerants increase CO 2 equivalent emissions for HVAC&R equipment - Low GWP alternatives may increase energy consumption, introduce safety risks, require significant modifications to equipment, and have higher costs

88

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Working Fluids Low GWP Working Fluids Low GWP Refrigerants - CRADA Ed Vineyard Oak Ridge National Laboratory vineyardea@ornl.gov (865) 574-0576 3 April 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: - High GWP refrigerants increase CO 2 equivalent emissions for HVAC&R equipment - Low GWP alternatives may increase energy consumption, introduce safety risks, require significant modifications to equipment, and have higher costs

89

Refrigerator Standards Save Consumers $ Billions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Refrigerator Standards Save Consumers $ Billions Refrigerator Standards Save Consumers $ Billions Refrigerator Standards Save Consumers $ Billions March 5, 2013 - 10:35am Addthis Refrigerator Standards Refrigerator Standards Refrigerator technology has come a long way since Dr. John Gorrie (1803 - 1855), a forward-looking inventor, was granted U. S. Patent #8080 for mechanical refrigeration in 1851. In those days, ice was expensive, if it was even available: Blocks of natural ice were carved from frozen lakes and rivers and stored in special warehouses under layers of sawdust for insulation. By the 1890s, pollution and sewage dumping caused by population growth compromised sources of pure, natural ice, threatening the brewing, meat-packing, and dairy industries. As these and other industries sought better solutions, modern refrigeration technology started to evolve.

90

Energy Savings from Floating Head Pressure in Ammonia Refrigeration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents case studies of two moderately sized ammonia refrigeration systems retrofitted for floating head pressure control. It also presents a parametric analysis to assist in selecting appropriate pressures in an ammonia refrigeration...

Barrer, P. J.; Jones, S. M.

91

Office equipment energy use and trends  

SciTech Connect

Office information technologies are using an increasing amount of energy in commercial buildings. During recent forecasting hearings in California, the office equipment end use has been a major source of differences among forecasts of commercial sector energy use. Not only are there major differences in forecasted load growth resulting from the energy use of office equipment, but there are also differences in interpretations of historical and base-year estimates. Understanding office equipment energy use is particularly important because office equipment is widely believed to be the fastest growing electrical end use in the fastest growing sector. This report describes the development and application of a spreadsheet to estimate current and future energy use by office equipment. We define the term ``office equipment`` to mean information processing technologies used in buildings. The seven categories of office equipment relate to categories found in our analysis of utility surveys and industry sales reports. These seven categories of equipment are examined for eleven types of commercial buildings.

Piette, M.A.; Eto, J.H.; Harris, J.P.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Office equipment energy use and trends  

SciTech Connect

Office information technologies are using an increasing amount of energy in commercial buildings. During recent forecasting hearings in California, the office equipment end use has been a major source of differences among forecasts of commercial sector energy use. Not only are there major differences in forecasted load growth resulting from the energy use of office equipment, but there are also differences in interpretations of historical and base-year estimates. Understanding office equipment energy use is particularly important because office equipment is widely believed to be the fastest growing electrical end use in the fastest growing sector. This report describes the development and application of a spreadsheet to estimate current and future energy use by office equipment. We define the term office equipment'' to mean information processing technologies used in buildings. The seven categories of office equipment relate to categories found in our analysis of utility surveys and industry sales reports. These seven categories of equipment are examined for eleven types of commercial buildings.

Piette, M.A.; Eto, J.H.; Harris, J.P.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Used energy-related laboratory equipment grant program for institutions of higher learning. Eligible equipment catalog  

SciTech Connect

This is a listing of energy related equipment available through the Energy-Related Laboratory Equipment Grant Program which grants used equipment to institutions of higher education for energy-related research. Information included is an overview of the program, how to apply for a grant of equipment, eligibility requirements, types of equipment available, and the costs for the institution.

Not Available

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Chinese Wind Energy Equipment Association CWEEA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Equipment Association CWEEA Equipment Association CWEEA Jump to: navigation, search Name Chinese Wind Energy Equipment Association (CWEEA) Place Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip 100825 Sector Wind energy Product Association representing Chinese wind energy equipment makers, including organisations engaged in wind turbine assembly and component sub-assemblies. References Chinese Wind Energy Equipment Association (CWEEA)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Chinese Wind Energy Equipment Association (CWEEA) is a company located in Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China . References ↑ "Chinese Wind Energy Equipment Association (CWEEA)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Chinese_Wind_Energy_Equipment_Association_CWEEA&oldid=343566"

95

Factors affecting the energy consumption of two refrigerator-freezers  

SciTech Connect

Two refrigerator-freezers, one with a top-mounted freezer and one with side-by-side doors, were tested in the laboratory to determine the sensitivity of their energy consumption to various operational factors. Room temperature, room humidity, door openings, and the setting of the anti-sweat heater switch were the factors examined. The results indicated that the room temperature and door openings had a significantly greater effect on energy consumption than the other two factors. More detailed tests were then performed under different room temperature and door-opening combinations. The relationship of door openings and the equivalent test room temperature was established. Finally, the effect on energy of different temperature settings was studied. Test results are presented and discussed.

Kao, J.Y.; Kelley, G.E. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Building and Fire Research Lab.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

96

Energy Sub-Metering Equipment and Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Sub-Metering Equipment and Applications Energy Sub-Metering Equipment and Applications Speaker(s): Sim Gurewitz Date: July 24, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Paul Mathew This talk will address the following topics:Submetering basics: What is it? How does a submeter work?How to obtain a finer level of energy information within the buildingApplications: Who submeters and why?LEED NC/EB/CS and submetering / Energy & Atmosphere pointsSubmetering equipment: gas, electric, water, steam, CW Btu and HHW BtuHow to install equipment without scheduling an outageLoad Control option for automated load shedding and peak shavingWireless submeters and communication options / integration to EMS-BMCSAutomatic remote meter reading and cost allocation softwarePutting it all together into a metering SYSTEM: read from anywhere, IP

97

Kylteknik ("KYL")Kylteknik ("KYL") RefrigerationRefrigerationRefrigerationRefrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RefrigerationRefrigerationRefrigeration coursecourse # 424503.0# 424503.0 v.v. 20122012 8. Heat pumps, heat pipes, cold thermal energy storage Ron on a vapour-compression cycle) /heat_pump.g Heat pumps make use of low- temperature (waste) heat, replacing/vcmfiles/ electricity!) for heating and air conditioning purposes Heat pumps became popular in ://www.bge.c Heat pumps

Zevenhoven, Ron

98

ISSUANCE 2015-02-03: Energy Efficiency Program for Residential Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products, Reopening of Public Comment Period  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy Efficiency Program for Residential Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products, Reopening of Public Comment Period

99

Using Magnets to Keep Cool: Breakthrough Technology Boosts Energy Efficiency of Refrigerators  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

New technology funded by the Energy Department has led to a major breakthrough in refrigeration systems that could yield big energy savings for consumers and greatly reduce carbon pollution.

100

List of Processing and Manufacturing Equipment Incentives | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Equipment Incentives Equipment Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 130 Processing and Manufacturing Equipment Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 130) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP Ohio - Commercial Custom Project Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Boilers Central Air conditioners Chillers Custom/Others pending approval Furnaces Heat pumps Heat recovery Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Processing and Manufacturing Equipment Refrigerators Yes AEP Ohio - Commercial Self Direct Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Commercial Fed. Government Industrial

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Novel Energy Conversion Equipment for Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Novel Energy Conversion Equipment for Low Temperature Geothermal Resources Novel Energy Conversion Equipment for Low Temperature Geothermal Resources Project objective: Develop...

102

Wednesday, June 6, 2001 [Fwd: 9th REQUEST: Is there any documentation of the Palm Pilot = refrigerator energy use claim?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

= refrigerator energy use claim?] Page: 1 IMAP://imap4.lbl.gov?fetch>UID>/INBOX>25065 Subject: [Fwd: 9th REQUEST: Is there any documentation of the Palm Pilot = refrigerator energy use claim?] Date: Wed, 06 Jun 2001 10 are still using the wireless Palm Pilot = refrigerator claim (you cite the network electricity used

103

Solar and Wind Energy Equipment Exemption | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar and Wind Energy Equipment Exemption Solar and Wind Energy Equipment Exemption Solar and Wind Energy Equipment Exemption < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount Varies Provider Wisconsin Department of Revenue In Wisconsin, any value added by a solar-energy system or a wind-energy system is exempt from general property taxes. A solar-energy system is defined as "equipment which directly converts and then transfers or stores solar energy into usable forms of thermal or electrical energy, but does not include equipment or components that would be present as part of a

104

Supermarket refrigeration assessment for the New England Electric System  

SciTech Connect

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has undertaken a project to assess the impact of energy efficient supermarket refrigeration on the electric capacity requirements of the New England Electric System (NEES) service territories. The leading supermarket chains in the NEES service territories were contacted and the number of supermarkets and the types of refrigeration systems employed were established. Estimates were then made of the potential demand and energy savings that NEES and the supermarkets could realize if energy efficient refrigeration systems were employed. On the basis of this analysis, possible incentives to accelerate the implementation of energy efficient refrigeration equipment in NEES service territories were recommended. 4 refs., 10 figs., 27 tabs.

Tsaros, T.L.; Walker, D.H. (Foster-Miller, Inc., Waltham, MA (United States))

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Puget Sound Energy - Commercial Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puget Sound Energy - Commercial Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Puget Sound Energy - Commercial Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Programs Puget Sound Energy - Commercial Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Institutional Nonprofit Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount '''Lighting''' Small Business Lighting: $3 - $190 CFLs: $3 - $12 LEDs: $10 - $25 Ceramic Metal Halide Lamps: $25 LED Exit Signs: $50 LED Traffic Signals: $5 - $20 Lighting Controls: $40 - $80 T8 Lamp Upgrade: $1 per lamp '''HVAC''' HVAC Installations (New Construction): $30/ton HVAC Replacements: $100 - $550

106

Impact of the Variable Refrigerant Volume Air Conditioning System on Building Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The application of the variable refrigerant volume multi-zone air conditioning systems has met with mixed results since the publication of the Design Standard for Energy Efficiency of Public Buildings. This paper analyzes the characteristics...

Zhu, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercRefrigeration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPElectrtyUsePercRefrigeration SPElectrtyUsePercRefrigeration Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Refrigeration Pages using the property "Building/SPElectrtyUsePercRefrigeration" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 4.24846345193 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 24.6944086225 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 1.29913989581 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 7.46645043826 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 +

108

Applications Tests of Energy Efficient, Environmentally Friendly Refrigerants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes performance demonstrations of two members of the Ikon family of safe, environmentally friendly, high performance substitute refrigerants for replacement of R-12 and R-134a in manufacturing and facilities operations. Preliminary...

Nimitz, J.; Glass, S.; McCullough, E.; Dhooge, P.

109

Renewable Energy Equipment Sales Tax Exemption | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Equipment Sales Tax Exemption Equipment Sales Tax Exemption Renewable Energy Equipment Sales Tax Exemption < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Sales Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% exemption Provider Massachusetts Department of Revenue Massachusetts law exempts from the state's sales tax "equipment directly relating to any solar, windpowered; or heat pump system, which is being utilized as a primary or auxiliary power system for the purpose of heating or otherwise supplying the energy needs of an individual's principal residence in the commonwealth." Massachusetts Tax Form ST-12 is available on the

110

2014-04-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Refrigeration...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment; Final Rule 2014-04-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment; Final Rule This document...

111

Data Network Equipment Energy Use and Savings Potential in Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Premises Equip. Total Energy Power (W) Port/Device Table 2.Premises Equip. Total Energy Power (W) Port/Device Figure 2:off individual ports and saving energy. Redesigning the

Lanzisera, Steven

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Commercial Cooking Equipment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cooking Equipment Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCommercialCookingEquipment&oldid38063...

113

Food Service Equipment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Service Equipment Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleFoodServiceEquipment&oldid380620...

114

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.3 Heating, Cooling, and Ventilation Equipment  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 Main Commercial Primary Energy Use of Heating and Cooling Equipment as of 1995 Heating Equipment | Cooling Equipment Packaged Heating Units 25% | Packaged Air Conditioning Units 54% Boilers 21% | Room Air Conditioning 5% Individual Space Heaters 2% | PTAC (2) 3% Furnaces 20% | Centrifugal Chillers 14% Heat Pumps 5% | Reciprocating Chillers 12% District Heat 7% | Rotary Screw Chillers 3% Unit Heater 18% | Absorption Chillers 2% PTHP & WLHP (1) 2% | Heat Pumps 7% 100% | 100% Note(s): Source(s): 1) PTHP = Packaged Terminal Heat Pump, WLHP = Water Loop Heat Pump. 2) PTAC = Packaged Terminal Air Conditioner BTS/A.D. Little, Energy Consumption Characteristics of Commercial Building HVAC Systems, Volume 1: Chillers, Refrigerant Compressors, and Heating Systems, Apr. 2001, Figure 5-5, p. 5-14 for cooling and Figure 5-10, p. 5-18 for heating

115

Property Tax Assessment for Renewable Energy Equipment | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Property Tax Assessment for Renewable Energy Equipment Property Tax Assessment for Renewable Energy Equipment Property Tax Assessment for Renewable Energy Equipment < Back Eligibility Utility Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info State Arizona Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount Renewable-energy equipment assessed at 20% of its depreciated cost Provider Arizona Department of Revenue Renewable energy equipment owned by utilities and other entities operating in Arizona is assessed at 20% of its depreciated cost for the purpose of determining property tax. "Renewable energy equipment" is defined as "electric generation facilities, electric transmission, electric distribution, gas distribution or combination gas and electric transmission

116

Research and development of highly energy-efficient supermarket refrigeration systems. Volume 2. Supplemental laboratory testing  

SciTech Connect

The Supermarket Refrigeration System project was structured to investigate and develop a new, highly energy-efficient supermarket refrigeration system which features unequal, parallel compressors, microprocessor suction pressure control, and floating head pressure control. Energy savings are achieved because such a system is better able to match compressor capacity with the required refrigeration load. For this same reason, the unequal, parallel compressor system can operate at the lowest possible condenser pressure. The combined effect of highest possible suction pressure and lowest possible condensing pressure substantially increases the energy efficiency ratio (EER) of the refrigeration system. The test conditions included winter and spring ambient temperatures ranging from 8/sup 0/ to 70/sup 0/F, refrigerants R-12 and R-502 with corresponding evaporator temperatures of 20/sup 0/ and -20/sup 0/F, respectively, and variable refrigeration loads between 100,000 and 170,000 Btu/hr. Heat reclaim tests were performed with R-12 only. For the three sets of tests performed, R-12, R-12 with heat reclaim, and R-502, the highest system EER was achieved when the unequal, parallel compressor system was operated with microprocessor control and floating head control.

Toscano, W.M.; Walker, D.H.; Tetreault, R.D.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) - Farm Equipment Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) - Farm Equipment Energy Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Cooling Construction Commercial Weatherization Manufacturing Maximum Rebate Contact Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Farm Energy Audit: Free Automatic Milker Takeoffs: $5/cow Dairy Scroll Compressor: $250 Heat Reclaimers: $5/cow Milk Precooler: $3.40/cow Variable Speed Drives for Dairy Vacuum Pumps: $5/cow Motors: Up to $1080 Variable Frequency Drives: $30/HP

118

Comment submitted by the Air Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a comment submitted by the Air Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program

119

Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards < Back Program Info State Oregon Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider Oregon Department of Energy '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will be in place until the federal standards take effect and (2) products for

120

Data Network Equipment Energy Use and Savings Potential in Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy use of network equipment broken down by device type (TWh) Market Segment (Measurement Units)energy use of network equipment broken down by device type (TWh) Market Segment (Measurement Unit)

Lanzisera, Steven

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

On the Trade-off between Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the Trade-off between Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration on optimizing objective functions such as overall energy consumption, system efficiency, capacity, or wear systems, featuring a balanced system energy consumption and food quality loss. A former developed quality

Skogestad, Sigurd

122

Clark Public Utilities - Solar Energy Equipment Loan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Equipment Loan Energy Equipment Loan Clark Public Utilities - Solar Energy Equipment Loan < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Maximum Rebate Solar PV: $30,000 Solar Pool Heaters and Solar Water Heaters: $10,000 Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount Solar PV: up to $30,000 Solar Pool Heaters and Solar Water Heaters: up to $10,000 Provider Clark PUD Clark Public Utilities offers financing available to its customers for the purchase and installation of residential solar equipment. Loans up to $10,000 are available for solar pool heaters and solar water heaters and up to $30,000 for photovoltaic systems. Solar water heater loans, solar pool heater loans and solar PV loans under

123

Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards < Back Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider Washington State Department of Commerce '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will be in place until the federal standards take effect and (2) products for

124

Electrical Equipment Replacement: Energy Efficiency versus System Compatibility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

upgrading electrical equipment to energy efficient models, including conductor sizing, overcurrent protective devices, grounding, and harmonics. The pages that follow provide guidance in the decision-making process when replacing electrical equipment... equipment. Several areas of compatibility must be addressed for equipment to work properly. Critical areas of concern are conductor sizing, overcurrent protection devices, grounding, and harmonics. Conductor Sizing Conductors are sized...

Massey, G. W.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Energy Equipment Property Tax Exemption | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Equipment Property Tax Exemption Energy Equipment Property Tax Exemption Energy Equipment Property Tax Exemption < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating & Cooling Heating Water Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Wind Program Info State Arizona Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% of increased value Provider Arizona Department of Revenue Arizona's property tax exemption was established in June 2006 ([http://www.azleg.gov/legtext/47leg/2r/bills/hb2429s.pdf HB 2429]) and originally applied only to "solar energy devices and any other device or system designed for the production of solar energy for on-site

126

Energy use of US residential refrigerators and freezers: function derivation based on household and climate characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

residential refrigerators and freezers: function derivationsecond most-used) refrigerators, and freezers, and residualfor more efficient refrigerators and freezers, as well as

Greenblatt, Jeffery

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Global warming impacts of ozone-safe refrigerants and refrigeration, heating, and air-conditioning technologies  

SciTech Connect

International agreements mandate the phase-out of many chlorine containing compounds that are used as the working fluid in refrigeration, air-conditioning, and heating equipment. Many of the chemical compounds that have been proposed, and are being used in place of the class of refrigerants eliminated by the Montreal Protocol are now being questioned because of their possible contributions to global warming. Natural refrigerants are put forth as inherently superior to manufactured refrigerants because they have very low or zero global warming potentials (GWPs). Questions are being raised about whether or not these manufactured refrigerants, primarily hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), should be regulated and perhaps phased out in much the same manner as CFCs and HCFCs. Several of the major applications of refrigerants are examined in this paper and the results of an analysis of their contributions to greenhouse warming are presented. Supermarket refrigeration is shown to be an application where alternative technologies have the potential to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) significantly with no clear advantage to either natural or HFC refrigerants. Mixed results are presented for automobile air conditioners with opportunities to reduce GHG emissions dependent on climate and comfort criteria. GHG emissions for hermetic and factory built systems (i.e. household refrigerators/freezers, unitary equipment, chillers) are shown to be dominated by energy use with much greater potential for reduction through efficiency improvements than by selection of refrigerant. The results for refrigerators also illustrate that hydrocarbon and carbon dioxide blown foam insulation have lower overall effects on GHG emissions than HFC blown foams at the cost of increased energy use.

Fischer, S.; Sand, J.; Baxter, V.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Focus Series: The Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance (GCEA) Equipment...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance (GCEA) Equipment Lease Program Breaks Down Barriers for Cincinnati Contractors Focus Series: The Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance (GCEA)...

129

Balance-of-System Equipment Required for Renewable Energy Systems |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Balance-of-System Equipment Required for Renewable Energy Systems Balance-of-System Equipment Required for Renewable Energy Systems Balance-of-System Equipment Required for Renewable Energy Systems July 2, 2012 - 8:21pm Addthis Both grid-connected and off-grid home renewable energy systems require additional “balance-of-system” equipment. Both grid-connected and off-grid home renewable energy systems require additional "balance-of-system" equipment. How does it work? With a stand-alone system, depending on your needs, balance-of-system equipment could account for half of your total system costs. For both stand-alone and grid-connect systems, you will need power conditioning equipment, safety equipment, and meters and instrumentation. For stand-alone systems, you will also want batteries and charge controllers.

130

EA-1643: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

43: Finding of No Significant Impact 43: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1643: Finding of No Significant Impact Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commerical Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator-Freezers without Doors; and Remote Condensing Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator-Freezers The proposed action is the establishment of new energy conservation standards for commerical refrigeration equipment. DOE is adopting Trial Standard Level 4 for CRE. Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commerical Freezers, and Commercial

131

EA-1643: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Finding of No Significant Impact 3: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1643: Finding of No Significant Impact Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commerical Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator-Freezers without Doors; and Remote Condensing Commercial Refrigerators, Commercial Freezers, and Commercial Refrigerator-Freezers The proposed action is the establishment of new energy conservation standards for commerical refrigeration equipment. DOE is adopting Trial Standard Level 4 for CRE. Energy Conservation Program for Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Ice-Cream Freezers; Self-Contained Commercial Refrigerators, Commerical Freezers, and Commercial

132

Opportunities for Energy Efficiency and Automated Demand Response in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in California  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's research to date in characterizing energy efficiency and open automated demand response opportunities for industrial refrigerated warehouses in California. The report describes refrigerated warehouses characteristics, energy use and demand, and control systems. It also discusses energy efficiency and open automated demand response opportunities and provides analysis results from three demand response studies. In addition, several energy efficiency, load management, and demand response case studies are provided for refrigerated warehouses. This study shows that refrigerated warehouses can be excellent candidates for open automated demand response and that facilities which have implemented energy efficiency measures and have centralized control systems are well-suited to shift or shed electrical loads in response to financial incentives, utility bill savings, and/or opportunities to enhance reliability of service. Control technologies installed for energy efficiency and load management purposes can often be adapted for open automated demand response (OpenADR) at little additional cost. These improved controls may prepare facilities to be more receptive to OpenADR due to both increased confidence in the opportunities for controlling energy cost/use and access to the real-time data.

Lekov, Alex; Thompson, Lisa; McKane, Aimee; Rockoff, Alexandra; Piette, Mary Ann

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

133

China Refrigerator Information Label: Specification Development and Potential Impact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

years. About 20% of refrigerators and freezers sold in 2000energy efficiency of refrigerators and freezers, Directiveof Energy, for refrigerators and freezers are base unit

Fridley, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Chemically assisted mechanical refrigeration process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is provided a chemically assisted mechanical refrigeration process including the steps of: mechanically compressing a refrigerant stream which includes vaporized refrigerant; contacting the refrigerant with a solvent in a mixer at a pressure sufficient to promote substantial dissolving of the refrigerant in the solvent in the mixer to form a refrigerant-solvent solution while concurrently placing the solution in heat exchange relation with a working medium to transfer energy to the working medium, said refrigerant-solvent solution exhibiting a negative deviation from Raoult's Law; reducing the pressure over the refrigerant-solvent solution in an evaporator to allow the refrigerant to vaporize and substantially separate from the solvent while concurrently placing the evolving refrigerant-solvent solution in heat exchange relation with a working medium to remove energy from the working medium to thereby form a refrigerant stream and a solvent stream; and passing the solvent and refrigerant stream from the evaporator. 5 figs.

Vobach, A.R.

1987-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

135

Chemically assisted mechanical refrigeration process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is provided a chemically assisted mechanical refrigeration process including the steps of: mechanically compressing a refrigerant stream which includes vaporized refrigerant; contacting the refrigerant with a solvent in a mixer at a pressure sufficient to promote substantial dissolving of the refrigerant in the solvent in the mixer to form a refrigerant-solvent solution while concurrently placing the solution in heat exchange relation with a working medium to transfer energy to the working medium, said refrigerant-solvent solution exhibiting a negative deviation from Raoult's Law; reducing the pressure over the refrigerant-solvent solution in an evaporator to allow the refrigerant to vaporize and substantially separate from the solvent while concurrently placing the evolving refrigerant-solvent solution in heat exchange relation with a working medium to remove energy from the working medium to thereby form a refrigerant stream and a solvent stream; and passing the solvent and refrigerant stream from the evaporator. 5 figs.

Vobach, A.R.

1987-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

136

Energy Efficiency Evaluation of Refrigeration Technologies in Combined Cooling, Heating and Power Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With development of absorption refrigeration technology, the cooling requirement can be met using various optional refrigeration technologies in a CCHP system, including compression refrigeration, steam double-effect absorption refrigeration, steam...

Zuo, Z.; Hu, W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Shenyang Tendo New Energy Equipment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tendo New Energy Equipment Co Ltd Tendo New Energy Equipment Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Shenyang Tendo New Energy Equipment Co Ltd Place Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China Zip 110168 Sector Wind energy Product Wind power equipment manufacturer, also an investor in wind project engineering and wind project developemnt. It vows to form a complete wind indsutry value chain from equipment manufacture to wind farm development. Coordinates 41.788509°, 123.40612° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.788509,"lon":123.40612,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

138

Cost-efficiency analysis in support of the energy conservation standards for refrigerator/freezers  

SciTech Connect

The National Appliance Energy Conservation At (NAECA) of 1987 requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended energy-efficiency standards for refrigerators and freezers along with several other appliances. This paper describes the cost-efficiency analysis of design options carried out in support of the proposed 1998 standards for refrigerator/freezers. These proposed standards are unique in that they have been reached by a consensus of various interested parties including the trade association of refrigerator and freezer manufacturers, environmental groups, state energy offices, and utility companies. In large part, these consensus standards are based on the analysis described in this paper. The analysis shows that, for example, for a 515-liter (18.2-ft{sup 3}) top-mount automatic-defrost refrigerator-freezer, the annual energy consumption can be reduced from 700 kWh/yr (2.52 GJ/yr) to 484 kWh/yr (1.74 GJ/yr) (30.9%) by the use of more efficient fan motors and compressors, improved gaskets, and insulation that is {1/2}-inch (12.7 mm) thicker. The energy use can be further reduced to 422 kWh/yr (1.52 GJ/yr) (39.8%) by employing improved heat exchangers, switching to adaptive defrost, and employing vacuum panel insulation instead of thicker walls and doors.

Hakim, S.H.; Turiel, I. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Energy and Environment Div.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

139

Tuori Solar Energy Equipment Mfg Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tuori Solar Energy Equipment Mfg Company Tuori Solar Energy Equipment Mfg Company Jump to: navigation, search Name Tuori Solar Energy Equipment Mfg Company Place Baoding, Hebei Province, China Zip 71000 Sector Solar Product A manufacturer of solar thermal heaters for water and indoor spaces. Coordinates 38.855011°, 115.480217° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.855011,"lon":115.480217,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

140

Operations and Maintenance for Major Equipment Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for Major Equipment Types for Major Equipment Types Operations and Maintenance for Major Equipment Types October 7, 2013 - 9:53am Addthis Equipment lies at the heart of all operations and maintenance (O&M) activities. This equipment varies greatly across the Federal sector in age, size, type, model, condition, etc. No single resource covers all equipment in use by Federal agencies, and listing major equipment types is beyond the scope of this website. Instead, the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) outlines major equipment types within chapter 9 of the Federal Energy Management Programs's (FEMP) O&M Best Practices Guide. The FEMP O&M Best Practices Guide focuses on: Boilers Steam traps Chillers Cooling towers Energy management and building automation systems Air handling systems

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

China Refrigerator Information Label: Specification Development and Potential Impact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Household Refrigerator Market and Energy Conservation Regulations in Japan.Household Refrigerator Market and Energy Conservation Regulations in Japan

Fridley, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy-efficiency standards for household refrigerators are in place in several parts of the world, including North America, Europe, Japan, and

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Energy-efficiency labels and standards: A guidebook for appliances, equipment and lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy-efficiency standards for household refrigerators are in place in several parts of the world, including North America, Europe, Japan, and

McMahon, James E.; Wiel, Stephen

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Save with Hybrid Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SAVE WITH HYBRID REFRIGERATION Cheng-Wen (Wayne) Chung, P.E. Fluor Engineers, Inc. Irvine, California ABSTRACT Two level demand makes it possible to use two systems for refrigeration and save energy and money. An example of this type... of refrigeration, consisting of an ammonia absorption refrigeration (AAR) unit and a mechanical compression refrigera tion (MCR) unit, is presented in this article. This paper will briefly describe process configur ation, advantages and utility consumption...

Chung, C. W.

145

Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Standards Energy Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Standards < Back Program Info State New York Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider New York State Energy Research and Development Authority '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will be in place until the federal standards take effect and (2) products for

146

Solar Equipment Certification | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Equipment Certification Solar Equipment Certification Solar Equipment Certification < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Installer/Contractor Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Water Heating Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Equipment Certification Provider Minnesota Department of Commerce Minnesota law requires that all active solar space-heating and water-heating systems, sold, offered for sale, or installed on residential and commercial buildings in the state meet Solar Rating and Certification Corporation (SRCC) standards. Specifically, the rule references SRCC's "Operating Guidelines" pertaining to collector certification and system certification: OG-100 and OG-300, respectively. Local building officials

147

PPP Equipment Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name: PPP Equipment Corporation Sector: Solar Product: PPP-E designs, produces and markets Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) reactors and converter systems producing high-purity...

148

Equips Nucleares SA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SA Place: Madrid, Spain Zip: 28006 Sector: Services Product: ENSA is a Spanish nuclear components and nuclear services supply company. References: Equips Nucleares, SA1...

149

An Energy Policy Perspective on Solar Hot Water Equipment Mandates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Energy Policy Perspective on Solar Hot Water Equipmentlast dol- ENERGY POLICY lar spent on solar equipment gaveENERGY POLICY tween a new house with solar hot water

Williams, Stephen F.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Harbin Wind Power Equipment Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Company Jump to: navigation, search Name: Harbin Wind Power Equipment Company Place: Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, China Sector: Wind energy Product: A wind turbine manufacturer....

151

Novel Energy Conversion Equipment for Low Temperatures Geothermal Resources  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Novel Energy Conversion Equipment for Low Temperatures Geothermal Resources presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

152

Refinery Waste Heat Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plant (WHAARP) Recovers LPG's and Gasoline, Saves Energy, and Reduces Air Pollution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Refinery Waste Heat Ammonia Absorption Refrigeration Plant (WHAARp?) Recovers LPG's and Gasoline, Saves Energy, and Reduces Air Pollution Benjamin Brant Sabine Brueske Donald Erickson Riyaz Papar Planetec Planetec Energy Concepts Company Energy... in Denver, Colorado. The Waste Heat Ammo nia Absorption Refrigeration Plant (WHAARP?) is based on a patented process and cycle design developed by Energy Concepts Co. (ECC) to cost effectively re cover 73,000 barrels a year of salable LPGs and gasoline...

Brant, B.; Brueske, S.; Erickson, D.; Papar, R.

153

Definition: Equipment Health Sensor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sensor Sensor Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Equipment Health Sensor Monitoring devices that automatically measure and communicate equipment characteristics that are related to the 'health' and maintenance of the equipment. These characteristics can include, but are not limited to temperature, dissolved gas, and loading. These devices can also automatically generate alarm signals if the equipment characteristics reach critical or dangerous levels.[1] Related Terms sustainability References ↑ [www.smartgrid.gov/sites/default/files/pdfs/description_of_assets.pdf SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Assets'] An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Equipment_Health_Sensor&oldid=502526

154

CVD Equipment Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CVD Equipment Corp CVD Equipment Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name CVD Equipment Corp Place Ronkonkoma, New York Zip 11779 Sector Solar Product New York-based maker of chemical vapour deposition process equipment. This equipment is used in the manufacture of solar and semiconductor fabrication. Coordinates 40.81122°, -73.098744° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.81122,"lon":-73.098744,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

155

Definition: Disturbance Monitoring Equipment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Disturbance Monitoring Equipment Disturbance Monitoring Equipment Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Disturbance Monitoring Equipment Devices capable of monitoring and recording system data pertaining to a Disturbance. Such devices include the following categories of recorders: Sequence of event recorders which record equipment response to the event., Fault recorders, which record actual waveform data replicating the system primary voltages and currents. This may include protective relays., Dynamic Disturbance Recorders (DDRs), which record incidents that portray power system behavior during dynamic events such as low-frequency (0.1 Hz - 3 Hz) oscillations and abnormal frequency or voltage excursions. Phasor Measurement Units and any other equipment that meets the functional requirements of DMEs may qualify as DMEs.[1]

156

Definition: Equipment Condition Monitor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Condition Monitor Condition Monitor Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Equipment Condition Monitor A monitoring device that automatically measures and communicates equipment characteristics that are related to the "health" and maintenance of the equipment. These characteristics can include, but are not limited to temperature, dissolved gas, and loading. These devices can automatically generate alarm signals if conditions exceed preset thresholds.[1] Related Terms sustainability References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/equipment_condition_monitor [[C LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitions|Template:BASEPAGENAME]] Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Equipment_Condition_Monitor&oldid=502601"

157

Manufacture of refrigeration oils  

SciTech Connect

Lubricating oils suitable for use in refrigeration equipment in admixture with fluorinated hydrocarbon refrigerants are produced by solvent extraction of naphthenic lubricating oil base stocks, cooling the resulting extract mixture, optionally with the addition of a solvent modifier, to form a secondary raffinate and a secondary extract, and recovering a dewaxed oil fraction of lowered pour point from the secondary raffinate as a refrigeration oil product. The process of the invention obviates the need for a separate dewaxing operation, such as dewaxing with urea, as conventionally employed for the production of refrigeration oils.

Chesluk, R.P.; Platte, H.J.; Sequeira, A.J.

1981-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

158

Energy Efficient Refrigerators Incentive Program Options for South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tools to move markets toward energy-efficient products.accelerating market penetration of energy-efficient productsthat address the market barriers to energy efficiency that

Can, Stephane de la Rue du

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

1991 & 1992 trade-in refrigerator metering project  

SciTech Connect

Under SMUD`s Equipment Efficiency Improvement Program the District offers an incentive of $100 to customers who trade in an older refrigerator in conjunction with the purchase of a new model. More than 40,000 refrigerators have been traded in this program as of January 1993. This program has provided 36.5% of the total reported savings from all SMUD`s conservation programs through April 1993. Of this 36.5% reported savings, 84.7% is attributed to the trading in of an old refrigerator for a new model, and only 15.3% to purchases of a new refrigerators without trading in their older model. In 1992 two laboratory studies were undertaken to quantify energy use of older, close to retirement, domestic residential refrigerators from participants in SMUD`s refrigerator trade-in program. One study focused on annual energy use from older model refrigerators received from this program, and the second study focused on potential energy savings from condenser coil cleaning from this same stock of refrigerators. To determine the performance of these refrigerators, a sample of 79 units was randomly selected for testing. Each unit was tested to obtain annual energy use (kWh/yr) and to document physical and operational conditions. A subset of 28 units from this sample was also tested to determine energy savings as a result of cleaning condenser coils. This was done by comparing test results of annual energy use before and after coil cleaning. These refrigerators were tested to the same conventional procedures (commonly called the {open_quotes}DOE{close_quotes} test, or AHAM test procedures) used to arrive at annual energy use labeled on all new refrigerators. Although laboratory results do not exactly replicate field (in-home) results, they have been found to still be a reasonably good predictor of energy use as reported in a Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory study , discussed in the following section.

Bos, W.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

160

Hebei Yeelong Wind Power Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Yeelong Wind Power Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd Yeelong Wind Power Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Hebei Yeelong Wind Power Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd Place Hebei Province, China Sector Wind energy Product China-based wind turbine equipment manufacturer. References Hebei Yeelong Wind Power Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Hebei Yeelong Wind Power Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd is a company located in Hebei Province, China . References ↑ "[ Hebei Yeelong Wind Power Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd]" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Hebei_Yeelong_Wind_Power_Equipment_Manufacturing_Co_Ltd&oldid=346424

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Definition: Equipment Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rating Rating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Equipment Rating The maximum and minimum voltage, current, frequency, real and reactive power flows on individual equipment under steady state, short-circuit and transient conditions, as permitted or assigned by the equipment owner.[1] Also Known As Standard current ratings Related Terms reactive power, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Equipment_Rating&oldid=502535" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

162

HVAC Equipment Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

HVAC Equipment Rebate Program HVAC Equipment Rebate Program HVAC Equipment Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Schools Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Heat Pumps Maximum Rebate Rebates of greater than $5,000 require pre-approval Program Info Funding Source Efficiency Vermont Public Benefit Fund Expiration Date 06/30/2013 State Vermont Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies depending on technology and efficiency Provider Efficiency Vermont NOTE: Rebate reservations are required for all boiler and furnace projects. Efficiency Vermont offers rebates for commercial installations of high-efficiency HVAC equipment and controls. For businesses and purchases

163

Cruising Equipment Company CECO | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cruising Equipment Company CECO Cruising Equipment Company CECO Jump to: navigation, search Name Cruising Equipment Company (CECO) Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98107 Product Maker of pollution control equipment - bought by Xantrex in 2000. Coordinates 47.60356°, -122.329439° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.60356,"lon":-122.329439,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

164

ARTI Refrigerant Database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database consolidates and facilitates access to information to assist industry in developing equipment using alternative refrigerants. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air- conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included, though some may be added at a later date. The database identifies sources of specific information on R-32, R-123, R-124, R- 125, R-134a, R-141b, R142b, R-143a, R-152a, R-290 (propane), R-717 (ammonia), ethers, and others as well as azeotropic and zeotropic blends of these fluids. It addresses polyalkylene glycol (PAG), ester, and other lubricants. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits.

Calm, J.M.

1992-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

165

ARTI refrigerant database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database is an information system on alternative refrigerants, associated lubricants, and their use in air conditioning and refrigeration. It consolidates and facilitates access to property, compatibility, environmental, safety, application and other information. It provides corresponding information on older refrigerants, to assist manufacturers and those using alternative refrigerants, to make comparisons and determine differences. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included, though some may be added at a later date. The database identifies sources of specific information on refrigerants. It addresses lubricants including alkylbenzene, polyalkylene glycol, polyolester, and other synthetics as well as mineral oils. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits. Incomplete citations or abstracts are provided for some documents. They are included to accelerate availability of the information and will be completed or replaced in future updates. Citations in this report are divided into the following topics: thermophysical properties; materials compatibility; lubricants and tribology; application data; safety; test and analysis methods; impacts; regulatory actions; substitute refrigerants; identification; absorption and adsorption; research programs; and miscellaneous documents. Information is also presented on ordering instructions for the computerized version.

Calm, J.M. [Calm (James M.), Great Falls, VA (United States)] [Calm (James M.), Great Falls, VA (United States)

1996-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Evaluation of design options for improving the energy efficiency of an environmentally safe domestic refrigerator-freezer  

SciTech Connect

In order to reduce greenhouse emissions from power plants and respond to regulatory actions arising from the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA), several design options were investigated for improving the energy efficiency of a conventionally designed, domestic refrigerator-freezer. The options, such as improved cabinet insulation and high-efficiency compressor and fans, were incorporated into a prototype refrigerator-freezer cabinet and refrigeration system to produce a unit that is superior from an environmental viewpoint due to its lower energy consumption and the use of refrigerant HFC-134a as a replacement for CFC-12. Baseline energy performance of the original 1993 production refrigerator-freezer, along with cabinet heat load and compressor calorimeter test results, were extensively documented to provide a firm basis for experimentally measured energy savings. A detailed refrigerator system computer model was used to evaluate the energy savings for several design modifications that, collectively, could achieve a targeted energy consumption of 1.00 kWh/d for a 20 ft{sup 3} (570 l) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. The energy consumption goal represents a 50% reduction in the 1993 NAECA standard for units of this size. Following the modeling simulation, laboratory prototypes were fabricated and tested to experimentally verify the analytical results and aid in improving the model in those areas where discrepancies occurred. While the 1.00 kWh/d goal was not achieved with the modifications, a substantial energy efficiency improvement of 22% (1.41 kWh/d) was demonstrated using near-term technologies. It is noted that each improvement exacts a penalty in terms of increased cost or system complexity/reliability. Further work on this project will analyze cost-effectiveness of the design changes and investigate alternative, more-elaborate, refrigeration system changes to further reduce energy consumption.

Vineyard, E.A.; Sand, J.R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Bohman, R.H.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Europes Most Energy Efficient Refrigerator-Freezers the European Countries Working Together on the Forefront of the Market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the outcome and the lessons learned from the first round of the Energy+ procurement project of refrigerator-freezers carried out ... project, that was preceded by a thorough market study, is t...

Anna Engleryd; Sophie Attali

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Solar and Wind Equipment Certification | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar and Wind Equipment Certification Solar and Wind Equipment Certification Solar and Wind Equipment Certification < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Installer/Contractor Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info State Arizona Program Type Equipment Certification Provider Arizona Solar Energy Industries Association Collectors, heat exchangers and storage units of solar energy systems -- and the installation of these systems -- sold or installed in Arizona must have a warranty of at least two years. The remaining components of the system and their installation must have a warranty of at least one year.

169

Appliance and Equipment Standards Result in Large Energy, Economic, and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appliance and Equipment Standards Result in Large Energy, Economic, Appliance and Equipment Standards Result in Large Energy, Economic, and Environmental Benefits Appliance and Equipment Standards Result in Large Energy, Economic, and Environmental Benefits Saving Consumers and Businesses Energy and Money by Setting Efficiency Standards Saving Consumers and Businesses Energy and Money by Setting Efficiency Standards The Building Technologies Office (BTO) implements minimum energy conservation standards for more than 50 categories of appliances and equipment. As a result of these standards, energy users saved about $40 billion on their utility bills in 2010. Since 2009, 18 new or updated standards have been issued, which will help increase annual savings by more than 50 percent over the next decade. By 2030, cumulative operating cost

170

China Ordnance Equipment Group Corporation COEGC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ordnance Equipment Group Corporation COEGC Ordnance Equipment Group Corporation COEGC Jump to: navigation, search Name China Ordnance Equipment Group Corporation (COEGC) Place Beijing Municipality, China Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Chinese state-owned conglomerate that manufactures a number of products for Chinese People's Liberation Army diversifying into wind and solar equipment manufacturing. References China Ordnance Equipment Group Corporation (COEGC)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. China Ordnance Equipment Group Corporation (COEGC) is a company located in Beijing Municipality, China . References ↑ "[ China Ordnance Equipment Group Corporation (COEGC)]" Retrieved from

171

Shenyang Tianrui Wind Equipments Sales Company Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tianrui Wind Equipments Sales Company Co Ltd Tianrui Wind Equipments Sales Company Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Shenyang Tianrui Wind Equipments Sales Company Co., Ltd. Place Liaoning Province, China Sector Wind energy Product Lianoning Province-based JV responsible for the marketing and sales of the wind components made by Shenyang Tianxiang. References Shenyang Tianrui Wind Equipments Sales Company Co., Ltd.[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Shenyang Tianrui Wind Equipments Sales Company Co., Ltd. is a company located in Liaoning Province, China . References ↑ "Shenyang Tianrui Wind Equipments Sales Company Co., Ltd." Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Shenyang_Tianrui_Wind_Equipments_Sales_Company_Co_Ltd&oldid=35092

172

CSIC Chongqing Haizhuang Windpower Equipment Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CSIC Chongqing Haizhuang Windpower Equipment Co Ltd CSIC Chongqing Haizhuang Windpower Equipment Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name CSIC (Chongqing) Haizhuang Windpower Equipment Co Ltd Place Chongqing Municipality, China Zip 400021 Sector Wind energy Product A wind turbine producer and wind power project developer. References CSIC (Chongqing) Haizhuang Windpower Equipment Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. CSIC (Chongqing) Haizhuang Windpower Equipment Co Ltd is a company located in Chongqing Municipality, China . References ↑ "CSIC (Chongqing) Haizhuang Windpower Equipment Co Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=CSIC_Chongqing_Haizhuang_Windpower_Equipment_Co_Ltd&oldid=343992

173

Project and Equipment Financing (Virginia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project and Equipment Financing (Virginia) Project and Equipment Financing (Virginia) Project and Equipment Financing (Virginia) < Back Eligibility Local Government Savings Category Other Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Solar Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Program Info State Virginia Program Type State Loan Program Rebate Amount Varies Provider Virginia Resources Authority The Virginia Resources Authority (VRA) was created in 1984 and provides financial assistance to local governments in Virginia for a variety of projects, including energy and energy conservation projects. In March 2011, H.B. 2389 added "renewable energy" to the list of eligible projects (though it may have already been technically eligible under the "energy" category).

174

Commonwealth's Master Equipment Leasing Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commonwealth's Master Equipment Leasing Program Commonwealth&#039;s Master Equipment Leasing Program Commonwealth's Master Equipment Leasing Program < Back Eligibility Institutional State Government Program Info State Virginia Program Type Leasing Program Provider Virginia Department of the Treasury The [http://www.trs.virginia.gov/debt/MELP%20Guides.aspx Master Equipment Leasing Program] (MELP) ensures that all Commonwealth agencies, authorities and institutions obtain consistent and competitive credit terms for financing equipment and energy efficiency projects. Agencies can finance energy projects at a minimum of $10,000 and can make repayments over 3, 5, 7 and 10 year terms. '''Qualifying Energy Projects''' Energy efficiency projects may include personal property, the installation or modification of an installation in a building, professional management,

175

Energy Savings Potential and RD&D Opportunities for Commercial...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and RD&D Opportunities for Commercial Refrigration This report documents the energy consumption of commercial refrigeration equipment (CRE) in the U.S. and evaluated the energy...

176

Field usage and its impact on energy consumption of refrigerator/freezers  

SciTech Connect

This study investigated the effect of door openings and kitchen environment on the energy consumption of nine household refrigerator/freezers (R/Fs) in the field. The factors under consideration include fresh food and freezer door openings, length of door openings, ambient kitchen temperature, and kitchen relative humidity (RH). Average daily energy consumption for the nine units ranged from 1.7 to 5.3 kWh/day. Energy consumption was found to correlate with kitchen temperature and the number of door openings. No dependence on kitchen relative humidity was found. In general, the magnitude of the door opening component of energy consumption was higher for the more efficient units.

Gage, C.L. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States). Air Pollution Prevention and Control Div.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

177

Energy spectra and dissipation Mikel Indurain, Equipe Planto  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy spectra and dissipation Mikel Indurain, Equipe Planéto LMD LMDZ.EARTH LMDZ.GENERIC LMDZ.MARS #12;Dissipation : introduction Energy transfer from large scales to small scales. Problem : energy : introduction Energy transfer from large scales to small scales. Problem : energy accumulation if dissipative

Madeleine, Jean-Baptiste

178

Energy Efficient Refrigerators Incentive Program Options for South Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy efficiency demand-side management (EEDSM) programs byEfficiency and Demand Side Management (EEDSM) including

Can, Stephane de la Rue du

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy-efficiency-standards-for-refrigerat Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentenergy-efficiency-standards-refrigera Language: English Policies: Regulations...

180

Energy efficiency improvements for refrigerator/freezers using prototype doors containing gas-filled panel insulating systems  

SciTech Connect

Energy efficiency improvements in domestic refrigerator/freezers, are directly influenced by the overall thermal performance of the cabinet and doors. An advanced system for reducing heat gain is Gas-Filled Panel thermal insulation technology. Gas-Filled Panels contain a low-conductivity, inert gas at atmospheric pressure and employ a reflective baffle to suppress radiation and convection within the gas. This paper presents energy use test results for a 1993 model 500 liter top mount refrigerator/freezer operated with its original doors and with a series of alternative prototype doors. Gas-Filled Panel technology was used in two types of prototype refrigerator/freezer doors. In one design, panels were used in composite with foam in standard metal door pans; this design yielded no measurable energy savings. In the other design, special polymer door pans were fitted with panels that fill nearly all of the available insulation volume; this design yielded a 6.5% increase in energy efficiency for the entire refrigerator/freezer. The EPA Refrigerator Analysis computer program has been used to predict the change in daily energy consumption with the alternative doors. The computer model also projects a 25% energy efficiency improvement for a refrigerator/freezer that would use Gas-Filled Panel insulation throughout the cabinet as well as the doors.

Griffith, B.; Arasteh, D.; Tuerler, D.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Energy Intense Equipment Purchasing Behaviour: A Review of the Literature i How do consumers and firms purchase equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Intense Equipment Purchasing Behaviour: A Review of the Literature i CIEEDAC How do, 2007 #12;Energy Intense Equipment Purchasing Behaviour: A Review of the Literature ii Executive Summary Energy intense equipment purchasing behaviour: A review of the literature. CIEEDAC has been charged

182

Tax Credit for Renewable Energy Equipment Manufacturers | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tax Credit for Renewable Energy Equipment Manufacturers Tax Credit for Renewable Energy Equipment Manufacturers Tax Credit for Renewable Energy Equipment Manufacturers < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Water Heating & Cooling Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Wind Maximum Rebate $20 million Program Info Expiration Date 1/1/2014 State Oregon Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Rebate Amount 50% of eligible costs (10% per year for 5 years) Provider Oregon Business Development Department The Tax Credit for Renewable Energy Resource Equipment Manufacturing Facilities was enacted as a part of Oregon's Business Energy Tax Credit (BETC) in July 2007, with the passage of [http://www.leg.state.or.us/07reg/measpdf/hb3200.dir/hb3201.en.pdf HB

183

Property:Incentive/EquipReqs | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EquipReqs EquipReqs Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/EquipReqs Property Type Text Description Equipment Requirements. Pages using the property "Incentive/EquipReqs" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) + New Construction and Retrofit/Renovation projects that reduce peak kW demand AEP (Central and North) - Residential Energy Efficiency Programs (Texas) + See program web site AEP (Central and SWEPCO) - Coolsaver A/C Tune Up (Texas) + Customer must accept recommendations from a tune-up analysis. AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program (Texas) + New Construction and Retrofit/Renovation projects that reduce peak kW demand AEP (SWEPCO) - Residential Energy Efficiency Programs (Texas) + View program web site and contact AEP

184

Product Standards for Vending Equipment (Japan) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product Standards for Vending Equipment (Japan) Product Standards for Vending Equipment (Japan) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Product Standards for Vending Equipment (Japan) Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Policy Impacts Website: www.eccj.or.jp/top_runner/pdf/tr_vending_machines_may2007.pdf Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/product-standards-vending-equipment-j Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Industry Codes & Standards Regulations: Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling This Energy Conservation Center Japan (ECCJ) document was created as a guide in response to its newly established set of standards and labelling

185

Chapter 7, Refrigerator Recycling Evaluation Protocol: The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Refrigerator 7: Refrigerator Recycling Evaluation Protocol Doug Bruchs and Josh Keeling, The Cadmus Group, Inc. Subcontract Report NREL/SR-7A30-53827 April 2013 The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures 7 - 1 Chapter 7 - Table of Contents 1 Measure Description .............................................................................................................. 2 2 Application Conditions of Protocol ....................................................................................... 3 3 Savings Calculations .............................................................................................................. 4 4 Gross Savings......................................................................................................................... 5

186

Covered Product Category: Imaging Equipment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Imaging Equipment Imaging Equipment Covered Product Category: Imaging Equipment October 7, 2013 - 10:58am Addthis Did you know? Manufacturers ship ENERGY STAR-qualified products with energy- saving power management features enabled. These features will substantially reduce energy use and related operating cost. Work with your IT staff to ensure these features are not overridden, or to re-enable them if they already have been. FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including imaging equipment, which is covered by the ENERGY STAR® program. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

187

Property Tax Exemption for Residential Renewable Energy Equipment |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Property Tax Exemption for Residential Renewable Energy Equipment Property Tax Exemption for Residential Renewable Energy Equipment Property Tax Exemption for Residential Renewable Energy Equipment < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Water Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Program Info State Colorado Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% exemption for renewable energy system property Most locally assessed renewable energy property meet the criteria to be classified as personal property under § 39-1-102 (11), C.R.S. For Colorado property taxation purposes, solar energy facilities property used to produce two (2) megawatts or less of AC electricity and wind energy facilities property used to produce two (2) megawatts or less of AC

188

Technical support document: Energy efficiency standards for consumer products: Refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers including draft environmental assessment, regulatory impact analysis  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (P.L. 94-163), as amended by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 (P.L. 100-12) and by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Amendments of 1988 (P.L. 100-357), and by the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (P.L. 102-486), provides energy conservation standards for 12 of the 13 types of consumer products` covered by the Act, and authorizes the Secretary of Energy to prescribe amended or new energy standards for each type (or class) of covered product. The assessment of the proposed standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers presented in this document is designed to evaluate their economic impacts according to the criteria in the Act. It includes an engineering analysis of the cost and performance of design options to improve the efficiency of the products; forecasts of the number and average efficiency of products sold, the amount of energy the products will consume, and their prices and operating expenses; a determination of change in investment, revenues, and costs to manufacturers of the products; a calculation of the costs and benefits to consumers, electric utilities, and the nation as a whole; and an assessment of the environmental impacts of the proposed standards.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Educated and Equipped: Energy & Manufacturing Training  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

A well-trained workforce is essential to moving the nations clean energy economy forward. Find out how one program is making a big impact in providing energy and manufacturing workers the skills they need to solve the energy challenges of tomorrow.

190

2014-06-23 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute Petition for Reconsideration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is the agency response to the Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute Petition for Reconsideration.

191

Technical support document: Energy conservation standards for consumer products: Refrigerators and furnaces including: environmental impacts regulatory impact analysis  

SciTech Connect

The National Appliance Energy Conversation Act (NAECA) of 1987 (P.L. 100-12) establishes energy efficiency standards for 13 types of consumer products. The legislation requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to consider new or amended standards on these and other types of products at specified times. DOE is currently selecting standards for two types of products: refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers; and small gas furnaces. This Technical Support Document presents the methodology, data and results from the analysis of the energy and economic impacts of the proposed standards. 8 refs., 39 figs., 135 tabs.

Not Available

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Energy Efficient Equipment Product Model Listings | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

pml-lmpindex.cfm?actionapp.welcome-bienvenue Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentenergy-efficient-equipment-product-mo Language: English Policies: "Deployment...

193

Solar and Wind Equipment Sales Tax Exemption | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar and Wind Equipment Sales Tax Exemption Solar and Wind Equipment Sales Tax Exemption Solar and Wind Equipment Sales Tax Exemption < Back Eligibility Commercial General Public/Consumer Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Buying & Making Electricity Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate No maximum Program Info Start Date 1/1/1997 Expiration Date 12/31/2016 State Arizona Program Type Sales Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% of sales tax on eligible equipment Provider Arizona Department of Revenue Arizona provides a sales tax exemption* for the retail sale of solar energy devices and for the installation of solar energy devices by contractors.

194

Southwest Gas Corporation - Commercial Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Energy Efficient Equipment Commercial Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Program Southwest Gas Corporation - Commercial Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Other Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate General: 50% of purchase price Custom: $20,000 Program Info Expiration Date 12/15/2013 State Nevada Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Air Curtain: $1,950 Modulating Burner Control: $10,000 Boiler Steam Trap: $250 Non-condensing Boiler: $1/MBtuh Condensing Boiler: $1.25/MBtuh Clothes Dryer: $30 Custom: $1/therm up to $20,000 Convection Oven: $550 Conveyor Oven: $300-$750 Dishwasher: $1,050-$2,000 Energy Audit: $5,000/facility; $50,000/customer Furnace (Northern Nevada Only): $300-$500

195

Orange County REMC - Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Orange County REMC - Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Program Orange County REMC - Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Program Orange County REMC - Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Program Info State Indiana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Electric Water Heaters: $25 - $150 Hybrid Heat Pump Water Heater: $300 - $400 Central Air Conditioning: $100 - $200 Air-Source Heat Pumps: $200 - $800 Geothermal Heat Pumps: $1,000 ETS Systems: varies CFL bulbs: see program web site Provider Orange County REMC Orange County REMC offers incentives for members to improve the energy

196

Equipment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility: Building 382 Rev. 1, 02/11/00 Facility: Building 382 Rev. 1, 02/11/00 Training: (1) ESH114 Lockout/Tagout ASD125 APS LOTO ESH371 Electrical Safety - General ESH195 PPE ESH141 Hand and Power Tools (2) ESH707 Accelerator Worker ESH738 GERT (3) ESH196 Hazard Communication ESH376 or 456 Chemical Waste (4) ASDSF6 (5) ESH170 OSHA Lead Standard ESH196 Hazard Communication ESH195 PPE ESH141 Hand and Power Tools (6) ESH195 PPE ESH141 Hand and Power Tools (7) Informal OJT (8) Formal OJT Management Tools: (A) ANL-E ESH Manual SMART (B) APS-SAD APS-CO (C) Waste Handling Procedure Manual Equipment Hazards Engineered Controls Electrical Safety Training References Electrical Safety Procedures Mechanical Safety Training References Mechanical

197

Energy Performance Assessment for Equipment and Utility Systems: Third  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Performance Assessment for Equipment and Utility Systems: Third Energy Performance Assessment for Equipment and Utility Systems: Third Edition Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Performance Assessment for Equipment and Utility Systems: Third Edition Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: System & Application Design Website: www.emt-india.net/Book4/Book4.htm Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/energy-performance-assessment-equipme Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance Regulations: "Energy Standards,Upgrade Requirements" is not in the list of possible values (Agriculture Efficiency Requirements, Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling, Audit Requirements, Building Certification, Building Codes, Cost Recovery/Allocation, Emissions Mitigation Scheme, Emissions Standards, Enabling Legislation, Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, Mandates/Targets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration Planning, Safety Standards, Upgrade Requirements, Utility/Electricity Service Costs) for this property.

198

Heating and Cooling System Support Equipment Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Heating and Cooling System Support Equipment Basics Heating and Cooling System Support Equipment Basics Heating and Cooling System Support Equipment Basics July 30, 2013 - 3:28pm Addthis Thermostats and ducts provide opportunities for saving energy. Dehumidifying heat pipes provide a way to help central air conditioners and heat pumps dehumidify air. Electric and gas meters allow users to track energy use. Thermostats Programmable thermostats can store and repeat multiple daily settings. Users can adjust the times heating or air-conditioning is activated according to a pre-set schedule. Visit the Energy Saver website for more information about thermostats and control systems in homes. Ducts Efficient and well-designed duct systems distribute air properly throughout a building, without leaking, to keep all rooms at a comfortable

199

Supermarket refrigeration modeling and field demonstration: Interim report  

SciTech Connect

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has undertaken a project to investigate supermarket refrigeration. The objectives of this project are (1) to develop an energy use and demand model of supermarket refrigeration systems and (2) to carry out an extensive field test of such systems in an operating supermarket. To accomplish these goals, a supermarket owned by Safeway Stores, Inc., and located in Menlo Park, CA, with an existing conventional refrigeration system utilizing single compressor units, was equipped with a state-of-the-art system with multiplexed parallel compressors. The store and both refrigeration systems were thoroughly instrumented and a test schedule was prepared and executed. Presented in this report are the preliminary results of this field test along with the initial validation of the energy use and demand model. 62 figs., 47 tabs.

Walker, D.H.; Deming, G.I.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Developing cost curves for conserved energy in new refrigerators and freezers: Demonstration of methodology and detailed engineering results  

SciTech Connect

This paper develops and demonstrates a procedure for determining the cost of conserved energy in residential refrigerators and freezers and for ranking conservation measures according to economic feasibility and practicality. Prepared jointly by the Natural Resources Defense Council and ACEE for the Solar Energy Research Institute.

Goldstein, D.; Miller, P.; Watson, R.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards < Back Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider Rhode Island Office of Energy Resources '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will

202

Compressed air energy storage monitoring to support refrigerated mined rock cavern technology.  

SciTech Connect

This document is the final report for the Compressed Air Energy Storage Monitoring to Support Refrigerated-Mined Rock Cavern Technology (CAES Monitoring to Support RMRCT) (DE-FC26-01NT40868) project to have been conducted by CAES Development Co., along with Sandia National Laboratories. This document provides a final report covering tasks 1.0 and subtasks 2.1, 2.2, and 2.5 of task 2.0 of the Statement of Project Objectives and constitutes the final project deliverable. The proposed work was to have provided physical measurements and analyses of large-scale rock mass response to pressure cycling. The goal was to develop proof-of-concept data for a previously developed and DOE sponsored technology (RMRCT or Refrigerated-Mined Rock Cavern Technology). In the RMRCT concept, a room and pillar mine developed in rock serves as a pressure vessel. That vessel will need to contain pressure of about 1370 psi (and cycle down to 300 psi). The measurements gathered in this study would have provided a means to determine directly rock mass response during cyclic loading on the same scale, under similar pressure conditions. The CAES project has been delayed due to national economic unrest in the energy sector.

Lee, Moo Yul; Bauer, Stephen J.

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

vending machines are equipped with controls or software that put the lighting andor refrigeration systems into a low power state at night, on weekends, or other periods of...

204

EMS control chosen instead of refrigeration, HVAC upgrade  

SciTech Connect

A Wisconsin supermarket decided on the basis of costs to install an energy management system (EMS) to improve the store's energy efficiency rather than invest in new refrigerating equipment at this time. When the next remodeling occurs in two years, the store will purchase new equipment using energy savings from the EMS to help defray the costs. The store selected an EMS with distributed processing that can expand to control new equipment. It expects a 22% drop in energy bills and a two-year payback of the $50,000 investment. Details of the system's functions describe some of the 53 control points.

Watson, F.

1984-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

205

Energy Savings Potential and RD&D Opportunities for Commercial Refrigration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report documents the energy consumption of commercial refrigeration equipment (CRE) in the U.S. and evaluated the energy savings potential of various technologies and energy efficiency measures that could be applied to such equipment.

206

Buildings consume 41% of the nation's primary energy, of which equipment uses 57% to provide comfortable indoor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy consumption for HVAC, appliances, and refrigeration systems. · Water heater designs lower energy consumption and the use of refrigerants with low global warming potential. · Development to a 10% reduction in energy consumption through small injections of the additive into a system

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

207

Control of household refrigerators. Part 2: Alternate control approaches for improving temperature performance and reducing energy use  

SciTech Connect

In Part 1 it was shown that conventional control of household refrigerators is achieved by regulating the distribution of air in the freezer compartment to all other parts of the plant. In Part 2 three alternative approaches to the conventional control of a top-mount refrigerator are presented: variable temperature bandwidths, uncoupled compressor and evaporator fan, and the combination of these two. These allowed the plant to achieve near-ideal control with respect to improved temperature performance in each compartment. Automatic airflow dampers were used with the dual controllers to independently regulate refrigerator compartment temperature. Plant performance was simulated using a model that computes the refrigerant and airflow systems behavior. Together, these alternate configurations and approaches define new control algorithms that reveal the plant's optimal control model for improving performance and energy usage relative to conventional controllers. Results based on model simulations are dependent upon the model's accuracy and validity. However, the model validation studies cited here, though limited in scope, do show agreement between simulation and experimental data for the ambient temperatures and thermal load conditions considered. This suggests that these model results are reasonable, and representative of actual plant behavior under these conditions and configurations for a top-mount style refrigerator plant.

Graviss, K.J.; Collins, R.L.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Energy efficiency standards for residential and commercial equipment: Additional  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

207 207 Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Equipment: Additional Opportunities Greg Rosenquist, Michael McNeil, Maithili Iyer, Steve Meyers, and Jim McMahon Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory University of California Berkeley, CA 94720 September 2004 This work was supported by the National Commission on Energy Policy through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. Table of Contents 1. Introduction........................................................................1 2. Products Considered..............................................................2 3. Technology Cost-Efficiency Analysis...........................................3

209

Nanjing First Second Power Equipment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Power Equipment Co Ltd Power Equipment Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Nanjing First Second Power Equipment Co Ltd Place Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China Zip 210032 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Nanjing-based manufacturer of inverters for wind and solar power. Coordinates 32.0485°, 118.778969° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.0485,"lon":118.778969,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

210

Zhangjiakou Kunyuan Wind Power Equipment Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zhangjiakou Kunyuan Wind Power Equipment Co Zhangjiakou Kunyuan Wind Power Equipment Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Zhangjiakou Kunyuan Wind Power Equipment Co Place Zhangjiakou, Hebei Province, China Sector Wind energy Product Zhangjiakou-based wind turbine blade producer. Coordinates 40.812511°, 114.878326° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.812511,"lon":114.878326,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

211

Nantong Hongbo Windpower Equipment Co Ltd HWE | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hongbo Windpower Equipment Co Ltd HWE Hongbo Windpower Equipment Co Ltd HWE Jump to: navigation, search Name Nantong Hongbo Windpower Equipment Co Ltd (HWE) Place Nantong, Jiangsu Province, China Zip 226371 Sector Wind energy Product Wind turbine tower producer. Coordinates 32.087399°, 121.062218° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.087399,"lon":121.062218,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

212

Foshan Dongxing Fengying Wind Power Equipment Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Foshan Dongxing Fengying Wind Power Equipment Co Ltd Foshan Dongxing Fengying Wind Power Equipment Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Foshan Dongxing Fengying Wind Power Equipment Co Ltd Place Foshan, China Zip 528000 Sector Wind energy Product Foshan-based wind turbine manufacturer. Coordinates 23.035509°, 113.110611° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":23.035509,"lon":113.110611,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

213

Jiangsu Guoshen Wind Power Equipment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guoshen Wind Power Equipment Co Ltd Guoshen Wind Power Equipment Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Jiangsu Guoshen Wind Power Equipment Co Ltd Place Yancheng, Jiangsu Province, China Sector Wind energy Product Funing-based wind tower producer. Coordinates 33.583°, 113.983009° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.583,"lon":113.983009,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

214

Enhanced naphthenic refrigeration oils for household refrigerator systems  

SciTech Connect

Due to industry concerns about the successful employment of hydrofluorocarbon-immiscible hydrocarbon oils in refrigeration systems, enhanced naphthenic refrigeration oils have been developed. These products have been designed to be more dispersible with hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants, such as R-134a, in order to facilitate lubricant return to the compressor and to ensure proper energy efficiency of the system. Bench tests and system performance evaluations indicate the feasibility of these oils for use in household refrigeration applications. Results of these evaluations are compared with those obtained with polyol esters and typical naphthenic mineral oils employed in chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) and hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) refrigeration applications.

Reyes-Gavilan, J.L.; Flak, G.T.; Tritcak, T.R. [Witco Corp., Oakland, NJ (United States); Barbour, C.B. [Americold, Cullman, AL (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

215

International Review of the Development and Implementation of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy labeling for refrigerators and freezers and nationalhousehold electric refrigerators, freezers and combinationfor Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers and Freezers.

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Some studies on industrial Refrigeration system integrated With encapsulated pcm in cool Thermal energy storage system;.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The widespread use of refrigeration and air conditioning utilities newlineespecially in the developing countries has increased manifold during the last newlinedecade This additional load on (more)

Cheralathan M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Optimizing the Low Temperature Cooling Energy Supply: Experimental Performance of an Absorption Chiller, a Compression Refrigeration Machine and Direct Cooling - a Comparison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A strategy to optimize the low temperature cooling energy supply of a newly build office building is discussed against the background of a changing energy system. It is focused on, what production way - Direct Cooling, the Compression Refrigeration...

Uhrhan, S.; Gerber, A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the Consumption of Electric and Electronic Equipment by Norwegian Households  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the Consumption of Electric and Electronic Equipment by Norwegian Households ... Conventional wisdom holds that large appliances, in particular washers, dryers, refrigerators and freezers, dominate residential energy consumption apart from heat, hot water and light. ... (16) It excludes lighting, all professional equipment, space heating, hot water, garden or car equipment, fire alarms, and air conditioning. ...

Edgar G. Hertwich; Charlotte Roux

2011-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

219

Nanjing Sunec Wind Generator Equipment Factory | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sunec Wind Generator Equipment Factory Sunec Wind Generator Equipment Factory Jump to: navigation, search Name Nanjing Sunec Wind Generator Equipment Factory Place Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China Zip 211100 Sector Wind energy Product A Chinese manufacturer for power supply, grid automation equipment and small-to-medium wind turbines, as well as a wind project developer. Coordinates 32.0485°, 118.778969° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.0485,"lon":118.778969,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

220

Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Warm Air Furnaces, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Warm Air Furnaces, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Load Forecasting of Supermarket Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy system. Observed refrigeration load and local ambient temperature from a Danish su- permarket renewable energy, is increasing, therefore a flexible energy system is needed. In the present ThesisLoad Forecasting of Supermarket Refrigeration Lisa Buth Rasmussen Kongens Lyngby 2013 M.Sc.-2013

222

NICE3: Industrial Refrigeration System  

SciTech Connect

Energy Concepts has developed an absorption-augmented system as a cost-effective means of achieving more cooling capacity with a substantial reduction in energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions for industrial refrigeration. It cuts fuel consumption by 30% by combining an internal combustion engine with a mechanical compression refrigeration system and an absorption refrigeration system. The absorption system is powered by engine waste heat. Conventional industrial refrigeration uses mechanical vapor compression, powered by electric motors, which results in higher energy costs. By the year 2010, the new system could cut fuel consumption by 19 trillion Btu and greenhouse emissions by more than 1 million tons per year.

Simon, P.

1999-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

223

NREL's Energy-Saving Technology for Air Conditioning Cuts Peak Power Loads Without Using Harmful Refrigerants (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes how the DEVAP air conditioner was invented, explains how the technology works, and why it won an R&D 100 Award. Desiccant-enhanced evaporative (DEVAP) air-conditioning will provide superior comfort for commercial buildings in any climate at a small fraction of the electricity costs of conventional air-conditioning equipment, releasing far less carbon dioxide and cutting costly peak electrical demand by an estimated 80%. Air conditioning currently consumes about 15% of the electricity generated in the United States and is a major contributor to peak electrical demand on hot summer days, which can lead to escalating power costs, brownouts, and rolling blackouts. DEVAP employs an innovative combination of air-cooling technologies to reduce energy use by up to 81%. DEVAP also shifts most of the energy needs to thermal energy sources, reducing annual electricity use by up to 90%. In doing so, DEVAP is estimated to cut peak electrical demand by nearly 80% in all climates. Widespread use of this cooling cycle would dramatically cut peak electrical loads throughout the country, saving billions of dollars in investments and operating costs for our nation's electrical utilities. Water is already used as a refrigerant in evaporative coolers, a common and widely used energy-saving technology for arid regions. The technology cools incoming hot, dry air by evaporating water into it. The energy absorbed by the water as it evaporates, known as the latent heat of vaporization, cools the air while humidifying it. However, evaporative coolers only function when the air is dry, and they deliver humid air that can lower the comfort level for building occupants. And even many dry climates like Phoenix, Arizona, have a humid season when evaporative cooling won't work well. DEVAP extends the applicability of evaporative cooling by first using a liquid desiccant-a water-absorbing material-to dry the air. The dry air is then passed to an indirect evaporative cooling stage, in which the incoming air is in thermal contact with a moistened surface that evaporates the water into a separate air stream. As the evaporation cools the moistened surface, it draws heat from the incoming air without adding humidity to it. A number of cooling cycles have been developed that employ indirect evaporative cooling, but DEVAP achieves a superior efficiency relative to its technological siblings.

Not Available

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Nordex Yinchuan Wind Power Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Nordex (Yinchuan) Wind Power Equipment Manufacturing Co. Ltd Place Yinchuan, Ningxia Autonomous Region, China Sector Wind energy Product Subsidiary of Nordex that manufactures its MW-class wind turbines in Yinchuan, China. Set-up through a JV between Nordex AG, Ningxia Electric Power, & Ningxia Tianjing Electric Energy. Coordinates 38.467899°, 106.262299° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.467899,"lon":106.262299,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

225

Baicheng Miracle Equipment Machinery Company Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Machinery Company Ltd Machinery Company Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Baicheng Miracle Equipment Machinery Company Ltd Place Baicheng, Jilin Province, China Zip 137000 Sector Wind energy Product A wind equipment manufacturer, jointly established by Jiangsu Miracle Logistics System Engineering Ltd and Baicheng Tongye Ltd. Coordinates 45.234879°, 123.065598° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.234879,"lon":123.065598,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

226

Chapter 7, Refrigerator Recycling Evaluation Protocol: The Uniform...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

of refrigerators recycled through the program EXISTINGUEC The average annual unit energy consumption of participating refrigerators PARTUSE The portion of the year the...

227

Review of energy efficiency of refrigerator/freezer gaskets. Final report, Jul-Nov 90  

SciTech Connect

The report gives results of an investigation of the significance of heat leakage through gaskets in household refrigerator/freezers, explores different design features, and suggests further study if necessary. The report gives results of an extensive literature review, interviews with refrigerator/freezer and gasket manufacturers, and some engineering analysis. (NOTE: Home refrigerators are the largest consumers of electricity among household appliances and are consuming an estimated 8% of the total electricity used in the U.S. Recent studies show that gasket area heat leakage may account for as much as 21% of the total thermal load.)

Ghassemi, M.; Shapiro, H.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

DOE Publishes Supplemental Proposed Determination for Miscellaneous Residential Refrigeration Products  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy has published a supplemental proposed determination regarding miscellaneous residential refrigeration products.

229

Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342) Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342) Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342) April 25, 2013 DOE ordered Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing Company, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards. The Order adopted a Compromise Agreement, which reflected settlement terms between DOE and Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing. Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5342) More Documents & Publications Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342) North Star Refrigerator: Order (2013-CE-5355) Schott Gemtron: Order (2013-CE-5358

230

Compare Energy Use in Variable Refrigerant Flow Heat Pumps Field Demonstration and Computer Model  

SciTech Connect

Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) heat pumps are often regarded as energy efficient air-conditioning systems which offer electricity savings as well as reduction in peak electric demand while providing improved individual zone setpoint control. One of the key advantages of VRF systems is minimal duct losses which provide significant reduction in energy use and duct space. However, there is limited data available to show their actual performance in the field. Since VRF systems are increasingly gaining market share in the US, it is highly desirable to have more actual field performance data of these systems. An effort was made in this direction to monitor VRF system performance over an extended period of time in a US national lab test facility. Due to increasing demand by the energy modeling community, an empirical model to simulate VRF systems was implemented in the building simulation program EnergyPlus. This paper presents the comparison of energy consumption as measured in the national lab and as predicted by the program. For increased accuracy in the comparison, a customized weather file was created by using measured outdoor temperature and relative humidity at the test facility. Other inputs to the model included building construction, VRF system model based on lab measured performance, occupancy of the building, lighting/plug loads, and thermostat set-points etc. Infiltration model inputs were adjusted in the beginning to tune the computer model and then subsequent field measurements were compared to the simulation results. Differences between the computer model results and actual field measurements are discussed. The computer generated VRF performance closely resembled the field measurements.

Sharma, Chandan; Raustad, Richard

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Shenyang Tianxiang Wind Equipments Manufacturing Co Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tianxiang Wind Equipments Manufacturing Co Ltd Tianxiang Wind Equipments Manufacturing Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Shenyang Tianxiang Wind Equipments Manufacturing Co., Ltd Place Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China Sector Wind energy Product Liaoning Province-based JV and manufacturer of rotor blades, hubs, nacelle covers, and other key components for wind turbines. Coordinates 41.788509°, 123.40612° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.788509,"lon":123.40612,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

232

Comment submitted by Hobart/ITW Food Equipment Group regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a comment submitted by Hobart/ITW Food Equipment Group regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program

233

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Refrigeration | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Refrigeration Refrigeration Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Refrigeration Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Refrigeration" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 2.77390577084 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 37.1080462614 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.895094880057 + Sweden Building 05K0014 + 12.4536103016 + Sweden Building 05K0015 + 0.0 +

234

Study Of a Solar Trough Concentrating System for Application of Solar Energy Refrigeration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A solar concentrating trough device has been constructed for further application of solar heating and power system or solar refrigeration. A model for both evacuated tube and copper tube heated by solar trough co...

Li Ming; Wang Liuling; Zhou Xizheng

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

ZnO nanorefrigerant in R152a refrigeration system for energy conservation and green environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper the reliability and performance of a vapour compression refrigeration system with ZnO nanoparticles in the working fluid was investigated experimentally. Nanorefrigerant was synthesized on the basis...

D. Sendil Kumar; R. Elansezhian

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Vaccine refrigerator testing. Final report  

SciTech Connect

For the Central American Health Clinic Project initiated in 1986, Sandia National Laboratories and the Florida Solar Energy Center recognized the need for a test and evaluation program for vaccine refrigeration systems. At the Florida Solar Energy Center, side-by-side testing of three photovoltaic powered vaccine refrigerators began in 1987. The testing was expanded in 1988 to include a kerosene absorption refrigerator. This report presents observations, conclusions, and recommendations derived from testing the four vaccine refrigeration systems. Information is presented pertaining to the refrigerators, photovoltaic arrays, battery subsystems, charge controllers, and user requirements. This report should be of interest to designers, manufacturers, installers, and users of photovoltaic-powered vaccine refrigeration systems and components.

Ventre, G.G. [Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States); Kilfoyle, D.; Marion, B. [Florida Solar Energy Center, Cape Canaveral, FL (United States)

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Cospolich Refrigerator: Order (2013-CE-5314)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Cospolich Refrigerator Co, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Cospolich Refrigerator had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

238

Refrigerator Manufacturers: Order (2013-CE-5341)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Refrigerator Manufacturers, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Refrigerator Manufacturers had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

239

International Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered International Refrigeration Products to pay an $8,000 civil penalty after finding International Refrigeration had failed to certify that certain room air conditioners comply with the applicable energy conservation standard.

240

Integration of Renewable Energy with Industrial Absorption Refrigeration Systems: Systematic Design and Operation with Technical, Economic, and Environmental Objectives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Integration of Renewable Energy with Industrial Absorption Refrigeration Systems: Systematic Design and Operation with Technical, Economic, and Environmental Objectives ... Chemical Engineering & Pilot Plant Department, Engineering Division, National Research Centre, El-Buhoos St., Dokki, Cairo, Egypt, 12311 ... Heat is required to run the AR system by heating the absorbent above 80 C and it can be provided by several media (e.g., Ziegler and Riesch(14) and Herold et al.(15)) including fossil fuels, as well as sustainable energies such as biofuels and solar energy. ...

Jose? Mari?a Ponce-Ortega; Eman A. Tora; J. Betzabe Gonza?lez-Campos; Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi

2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

ISSUANCE 2014-12-23: Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for Commercial Heating, Air-Conditioning, and Water-Heating Equipment, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for Commercial Heating, Air-Conditioning, and Water-Heating Equipment, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

242

Definition: Diagnosis & Notification Of Equipment Condition | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Diagnosis & Notification Of Equipment Condition Diagnosis & Notification Of Equipment Condition Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Diagnosis & Notification Of Equipment Condition Diagnosis and notification of equipment condition is defined as on-line monitoring and analysis of equipment, its performance, and operating environment in order to detect abnormal conditions (e.g., high number of equipment operations, temperature, or vibration). Asset managers and operations personnel can then be automatically notified to respond to conditions that increase the probability of equipment failure.[1] Related Terms sustainability References ↑ SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Functions' An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Diagnosis_%26_Notification_Of_Equipment_Condition&oldid=502541"

243

Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International SEMI | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International SEMI Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International SEMI Jump to: navigation, search Name Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International (SEMI) Place San Jose, California Zip 95134 2127 Product Global trade association, publisher and conference organiser representing the semiconductor and flat panel display equipment manufacturers. References Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International (SEMI)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International (SEMI) is a company located in San Jose, California . References ↑ "Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International (SEMI)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Semiconductor_Equipment_and_Materials_International_SEMI&oldid=350739

244

Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Jump to: navigation, search Many states have established minimum efficiency standards for certain appliances and equipment. In these states, the retail sale of appliances and equipment that do not meet the established standards is prohibited. The federal government has also established efficiency standards for certain appliances and equipment. When both the federal government and a state have adopted efficiency standards for the same type of appliance or equipment, the federal standard overrides the state standard even if the state standard is stricter. [1] Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 14) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Appliance Efficiency Regulations (California) Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards California Yes

245

Lifestyle change and energy use in Japan: Household equipment and energy consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy use in the Japanese residential sector has more than doubled (on a per-household basis) during the post-war period. Important factors contributing to the increase include changes in the types of housing built, heating, cooling, water-heating equipment, and other appliances. In this paper, the developments of household equipment and living conditions in Japan are described, from their 1950s state to the present. Trends in energy consumption by fuel types and end uses are reviewed over the same period. The past trends are combined with expectations for future developments in household equipment and quality, as well as with international comparisons of household-energy use, to predict further increases in household-energy consumption. The results indicate the importance of a renewed emphasis on energy efficiency in the residential sector.

Hidetoshi Nakagami

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

CRAD, Equipment and Piping Labeling Assessment Plan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Equipment and Piping Labeling Assessment Plan Equipment and Piping Labeling Assessment Plan CRAD, Equipment and Piping Labeling Assessment Plan Performance Objective: To verify that facility equipment and piping are labeled in a manner such that facility personnel are able to positively identify equipment they operate. To ensure that an effective labeling program is in effect to reduce operator and maintenance errors from incorrect identification of equipment, to increase training effectiveness by tracing the actual facility system as opposed to tracing its schematic, and to reduce personnel exposure to radiation and hazardous materials. This assessment provides a basis for evaluating the effectiveness of the contractor's program for labeling equipment and piping and for establishing compliance with DOE requirements.

247

MSA Apparatus Construction for Chemical Equipment Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MSA Apparatus Construction for Chemical Equipment Ltd MSA Apparatus Construction for Chemical Equipment Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name MSA Apparatus Construction for Chemical Equipment Ltd Place United Kingdom Sector Hydro, Hydrogen Product Supplies hydrogen reduction reactors or hydrogenation reactors for polysilicon production. References MSA Apparatus Construction for Chemical Equipment Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. MSA Apparatus Construction for Chemical Equipment Ltd is a company located in United Kingdom . References ↑ "MSA Apparatus Construction for Chemical Equipment Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=MSA_Apparatus_Construction_for_Chemical_Equipment_Ltd&oldid=34895

248

Synopsis of residential refrigerator/freezer alternative refrigerants evaluation  

SciTech Connect

The experimental testing on residential refrigerator/freezers (R/Fs) is summarized in this paper. R/F testing focused on two areas: alternative refrigerants and equipment configurations. The refrigerants evaluated consisted of single components, azeotropes, and zeotropes derived from hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and hydrocarbons (HCs). These refrigerants were evaluated in conventional and unconventional R/F designs. Major and minor design modifications were studied. Minor modifications consisted of various capillary tube lengths, door insulations, and compressors, while major modifications included two-evaporator and two-cycle R/F systems. Results obtained from testing the two-cycle system will be discussed in a later paper. This paper presents the experimental results of alternative technologies evaluated as replacements for ozone depleting chemicals.

Baskin, E. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

249

Covered Product Category: Commercial Refrigerators and Freezers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) provides acquisition guidance for commercial refrigerators and freezers, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program.

250

PhD student in Energy Technology, specifically in New low GWP refrigerants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

processes in a sustainable fashion as concerns technical management, financial profitability for applying refrigeration and heat pump technology and systems studies of buildings and complete neighborhoods include the following documents: 1. Curriculum vitae, 2. Transcripts of college/university degrees 3

Kazachkov, Ivan

251

Demand Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in California Title Demand Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in California Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-4837E Year of Publication 2011 Authors Goli, Sasank, Aimee T. McKane, and Daniel Olsen Conference Name 2011 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry Date Published 08/2011 Conference Location Niagara Falls, NY Keywords market sectors, openadr, refrigerated warehouses Abstract Industrial refrigerated warehouses that implemented energy efficiency measures and have centralized control systems can be excellent candidates for Automated Demand Response (Auto-DR) due to equipment synergies, and receptivity of facility managers to strategies that control energy costs without disrupting facility operations. Auto-DR utilizes OpenADR protocol for continuous and open communication signals over internet, allowing facilities to automate their Demand Response (DR). Refrigerated warehouses were selected for research because: They have significant power demand especially during utility peak periods; most processes are not sensitive to short-term (2-4 hours) lower power and DR activities are often not disruptive to facility operations; the number of processes is limited and well understood; and past experience with some DR strategies successful in commercial buildings may apply to refrigerated warehouses. This paper presents an overview of the potential for load sheds and shifts from baseline electricity use in response to DR events, along with physical configurations and operating characteristics of refrigerated warehouses. Analysis of data from two case studies and nine facilities in Pacific Gas and Electric territory, confirmed the DR abilities inherent to refrigerated warehouses but showed significant variation across facilities. Further, while load from California's refrigerated warehouses in 2008 was 360 MW with estimated DR potential of 45-90 MW, actual achieved was much less due to low participation. Efforts to overcome barriers to increased participation may include, improved marketing and recruitment of potential DR sites, better alignment and emphasis on financial benefits of participation, and use of Auto-DR to increase consistency of participation.

252

DOE/EA-1674: Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR 431 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerated Bottled or Canned Beverage Vending Machines (August 2009)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR 431 Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerated Bottled or Canned Beverage Vending Machines August 2009 16-i CHAPTER 16. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ANALYSIS TABLE OF CONTENTS 16.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 16-1 16.2 AIR EMISSIONS ANALYSIS......................................................................................... 16-1 16.2.1 Air Emissions Descriptions................................................................................ 16-1 16.2.2 Air Quality Regulation....................................................................................... 16-3 16.2.3 Analytical Methods for Air Emissions

253

Form Date 4/4/01 Refrigerant Service Order Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recovery Unit ID # : Added Lbs oz Lbs oz Lbs oz Startup Charge Net Refrigerant Added: Lbs oz Parts UsedForm Date 4/4/01 Refrigerant Service Order Form Service ID: Owner: Work Order #: Building: Date: Issued: Completed: Equipment ID: Technicians: Location: Model: Manufact: Serial #: Refrigerant Type

Russell, Lynn

254

Zero Zone Comment | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Order 13563 certification, compliance and enforcement regulations for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment (CRE) Air Conditioning Heating and Refrigeration Institute Comment...

255

Wind Measurement Equipment: Registration (Nebraska) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wind Measurement Equipment: Registration (Nebraska) Wind Measurement Equipment: Registration (Nebraska) Wind Measurement Equipment: Registration (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Aeronautics All wind measurement equipment associated with the development or study of wind-powered electric generation, whether owned or leased, shall be

256

Pollution Control Equipment Tax Deduction (Alabama) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pollution Control Equipment Tax Deduction (Alabama) Pollution Control Equipment Tax Deduction (Alabama) Pollution Control Equipment Tax Deduction (Alabama) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Alabama Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive The Pollution Control Equipment Tax Deduction allows businesses to deduct from their Alabama net worth the net amount invested in all devices, facilities, or structures, and all identifiable components or materials for use therein, that are located in Alabama and are acquired or constructed primarily for the control, reduction, or elimination of air, ground, or water pollution or radiological hazards where such pollution or

257

Recovery Act Incentives for Wind Energy Equipment Manufacturing...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Equipment Manufacturing Document that lists some of the major federal incentives for wind power deployment. federalincentiveswinddeployment.pdf More Documents & Publications...

258

A study of industrial equipment energy use and demand control.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Demand and duty factors were measured for selected equipment [air compressors, electric furnaces, injection-molding machines, a welder, a granulator (plastics grinder), a sheet metal press (more)

Dooley, Edward Scott

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Environmental assessment for proposed energy conservation standards for two types of consumer products; refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers; small gas furnaces; and a proposed No standard standard for television sets  

SciTech Connect

This environmental assessment (EA) evaluates the environmental impacts resulting from new or amended energy-efficiency standard for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, freezers, small gas furnaces, and television sets as mandated by the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987. A complete description of the Engineering and Economic Analysis of the proposed standards may be found elsewhere in the Technical Support Document (TSD). Four of the 14 scenarios for product design changes described in the Engineering Analysis of the TSD are chosen for environmental assessment based on their relative importance as design measures. Values for energy savings that result from product design changes are also taken from the TSD. The two main environmental concerns addressed are emissions from fossil fuel-fired electricity generation and the chlorofluorcarbons used in the production of rigid insulation foam. Each of the 12 design options for refrigerators and freezers result in decreased electricity use and and, therefore, reduced power plant emissions. Design changes that call for additional rigid foam insulation per appliance are of interest because they affect chlorofluorocarbon consumption. There is strong evidence that chlorofluorocarbons migrate to the stratosphere, break down, and catalyze the destruction of stratospheric ozone.

Not Available

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Agricultural Lighting and Equipment Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agricultural Lighting and Equipment Rebate Program Agricultural Lighting and Equipment Rebate Program Agricultural Lighting and Equipment Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Other Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Program Info Funding Source Efficiency Vermont Public Benefit Fund Expiration Date 06/30/2013 State Vermont Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies according to technology; prescriptive and custom rebates available Provider Efficiency Vermont In Vermont, agricultural operations are eligible for prescriptive and customized incentives on equipment proven to help make farms more efficient. Prescriptive rebates are available for lighting (free to $175 per fixture, depending on the type of fixture or lighting) and for a variety of equipment including plate coolers, variable speed milk transfer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Advanced Vacuum Clean Equipment Optimizer Ltd AVACO | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vacuum Clean Equipment Optimizer Ltd AVACO Vacuum Clean Equipment Optimizer Ltd AVACO Jump to: navigation, search Name Advanced Vacuum & Clean Equipment Optimizer Ltd (AVACO) Place Daegu, Daegu, Korea (Republic) Product Korean manufacturer of flat panel display equipments; makes sputtering equipment for cell manufacturing. Coordinates 35.88871°, 128.614868° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.88871,"lon":128.614868,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

262

DOE EPCA Commercial Refrigeration Standards - EERE-2010-BT-STD-0003 / (RIN)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE EPCA Commercial Refrigeration Standards - EERE-2010-BT-STD-0003 DOE EPCA Commercial Refrigeration Standards - EERE-2010-BT-STD-0003 / (RIN) 1904-AC19 DOE EPCA Commercial Refrigeration Standards - EERE-2010-BT-STD-0003 / (RIN) 1904-AC19 In today's call we discussed the new CRE proposed standard and how ControlTec anti-sweat controls can help meet those standards without sacrificing equipment performance or integrity. We have a revolutionary product that is the only in the business that has built in Measurement & Verification (M&V). All other anti-sweat heater controls are old technology that has algorithm's to estimate store conditions inaccurately. EPCA Commercial Refrigeration Standards.pdf More Documents & Publications General Electric: ENERGY STAR Referral (PFSF5NFZ****) Docket No. EERE- 2008-BT-STD-0005, RIN 1904-AB57 Ex parte

263

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Dairy Processing Industry: An ENERGY STAR? Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

increase refrigeration system energy consumption by up toannual refrigeration system energy consumption by nearly 40%

Brush, Adrian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

increase refrigeration system energy consumption by up toannual refrigeration system energy consumption by nearly 40%

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Memorandum To: GENERAL COUNSEL, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (DOE) From: JONATHAN MELCHI, HEATING, AIR-CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

To: GENERAL COUNSEL, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (DOE) To: GENERAL COUNSEL, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (DOE) From: JONATHAN MELCHI, HEATING, AIR-CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION DISTRIBUTORS INTERNATIONAL (HARDI) Date: 1/12/2012 Subject: EX PARTE COMMUNICATION MEMO DOE ATTENDEES: Ashley Armstrong, John Cymbalsky, David Case, Laura Barhydt HARDI ATTENDEES: Talbot Gee, Jonathan Melchi AREAS OF DISCUSSION: DOE Framework Document and Stakeholder Meeting regarding the Enforcement of the updated Energy Conservation Standards for Air Conditioners, Furnaces and Heat Pumps. The meeting took place on Thursday January 5 th , 2012 from 2pm to 3-pm. The following topics were discussed. 1.) Sell-Through. HARDI asked for clarification on the DOE's notation on the Framework Document

266

Varian Semiconductor Equipment Associates Inc VSEA | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Varian Semiconductor Equipment Associates Inc VSEA Varian Semiconductor Equipment Associates Inc VSEA Jump to: navigation, search Name Varian Semiconductor Equipment Associates Inc (VSEA) Place Gloucester, Massachusetts Zip 1930 Sector Services Product Massachusetts-based, designs, manufactures, and services semiconductor processing equipment used in the fabrication of integrated circuits. Coordinates 37.413962°, -76.526305° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.413962,"lon":-76.526305,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

267

Definition: Smart Appliances And Equipment (Customer) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Appliances And Equipment (Customer) Appliances And Equipment (Customer) Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Smart Appliances And Equipment (Customer) Home appliances and devices (i.e., thermostats, pool pumps, clothes washers/dryers, water heaters, etc.) that use wireless technology (i.e., ZigBee) to receive real-time data from the AMI system to control or modulate their operation.[1] Related Terms advanced metering infrastructure, smart grid References ↑ [www.smartgrid.gov/sites/default/files/pdfs/description_of_assets.pdf SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Assets'] An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Smart_Appliances_And_Equipment_(Customer)&oldid=493118"

268

Ramgraber Semiconductor Equipment GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ramgraber Semiconductor Equipment GmbH Ramgraber Semiconductor Equipment GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name Ramgraber Semiconductor Equipment GmbH Place Brunnthal, Germany Zip 85649 Sector Solar Product Makes semiconductor processing equipment, including solar cell manufacturing lines. Coordinates 48.006898°, 11.684687° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.006898,"lon":11.684687,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

269

China SC Exact Equipment Co LTD | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SC Exact Equipment Co LTD SC Exact Equipment Co LTD Jump to: navigation, search Name China SC Exact Equipment Co., LTD Place Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China Zip 518125 Sector Solar Product China-based Solar PV cell equipment manufacturer. Coordinates 22.546789°, 114.112556° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":22.546789,"lon":114.112556,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

270

TECHNICAL SUPPORT DOCUMENT: ENERGY CONSERVATION STANDARDS FOR CONSUMER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SUPPORT DOCUMENT: ENERGY SUPPORT DOCUMENT: ENERGY CONSERVATION STANDARDS FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS: REFRIGERATORS, FURNACES, AND TELEVISION SETS including Environmental Assessment (DOEIEA-0372) Regulatory Impact Analysis November 1988 U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary, Conservation and Renewable Energy Building Equipment Division DOE/EA-0372 ONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR PROPOSED ENERGY 0NSERVATION STANDARDS FOR TWO TYPES OF CONSUMER PRODUCTS; REFRIGERATORS, REFRIGERATOR-FREEZERS, AND FREEZERS; SMALL GAS FURNACES; AND A PROPOSED 'NO STANDARD" STANDARD FOR TELEVISION SETS TRODUCTION AND SUMMARY his environmental assessment (EA) evaluates the environmental impacts lting from new or amended energy-efficiency standards for refrigerators, igerator-freezers, freezers, small gas furnaces, and television sets as mandated

271

Educated and Equipped: Energy Literacy for Women Veterans - A...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

skills training programs, and energy literacy to enter into high-paying energy jobs. Resources like Troops to Energy Jobs, a project of the Center for Energy Workforce...

272

Opportunities for Energy Efficiency and Automated Demand Response in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wilcox 2004). Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs): Equipment isfor more details. Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs): VFDs canof Agriculture Variable Frequency Drive Appendix A:

Lekov, Alex

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Superefficient Refrigerators: Opportunities and Challenges for Efficiency Improvement Globally  

SciTech Connect

As an energy-intensive mainstream product, residential refrigerators present a significant opportunity to reduce electricity consumption through energy efficiency improvements. Refrigerators expend a considerable amount of electricity during normal use, typically consuming between 100 to 1,000 kWh of electricity per annum. This paper presents the results of a technical analysis done for refrigerators in support of the Super-efficient Equipment and Appliance Deployment (SEAD) initiative. Beginning from a base case representative of the average unit sold in India, we analyze efficiency improvement options and their corresponding costs to build a cost-versus-efficiency relationship. We then consider design improvement options that are known to be the most cost effective and that can improve efficiency given current design configurations. We also analyze and present additional super-efficient options, such as vacuum-insulated panels. We estimate the cost of conserved electricity for the various options, allowing flexible program design for market transformation programs toward higher efficiency. We estimate ~;;160TWh/year of energy savings are cost effective in 2030, indicating significant potential for efficiency improvement in refrigerators in SEAD economies and China.

Shah, Nihar; Park, Won Young; Bojda, Nicholas; McNeil, Michael A.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Non-CFC vacuum alternatives for the energy-efficient insulation of household refrigerators: Design and use  

SciTech Connect

Energy efficiency, environmental issues, and market incentives all encourage government and industry to continue work on thin-profile vacuum insulations for domestic refrigerators and freezers (R/Fs). Vacuum insulations promise significant improvement in thermal savings over current insulations; the technical objective of one design is an R-value of better than 10 (hr-ft{sup 2}-F/Btu) in 0.1 in. thickness. If performance is improved by a factor of 10 over that of CFC-blown insulating foams, the new insulations (made without CFCs or other potentially troublesome fill gases) will change the design and improve the efficiency of refrigerators. Such changes will meet the conservation, regulatory, and market drivers now strong in developed countries and likely to increase in developing countries. Prototypes of various designs have been tested in the laboratory and in factories, and results to date confirm the good thermal performance of these thin-profile alternatives. The next step is to resolve issues of reliability and cost effectiveness. 34 refs., 4 figs.

Potter, T.F.; Benson, D.K.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Status of not-in-kind refrigeration technologies for household space conditioning, water heating and food refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a review of the next generation not-in-kind technologies to replace conventional vapor compression refrigeration technology for household applications. Such technologies are sought to provide energy savings or other environmental benefits for space conditioning, water heating and refrigeration for domestic use. These alternative technologies include: thermoacoustic refrigeration, thermoelectric refrigeration, thermotunneling, magnetic refrigeration, Stirling cycle refrigeration, pulse tube refrigeration, Malone cycle refrigeration, absorption refrigeration, adsorption refrigeration, and compressor driven metal hydride heat pumps. Furthermore, heat pump water heating and integrated heat pump systems are also discussed due to their significant energy saving potential for water heating and space conditioning in households. The paper provides a snapshot of the future R&D needs for each of the technologies along with the associated barriers. Both thermoelectric and magnetic technologies look relatively attractive due to recent developments in the materials and prototypes being manufactured.

Bansal, Pradeep [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Demand Response Opportunities in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in California  

SciTech Connect

Industrial refrigerated warehouses that implemented energy efficiency measures and have centralized control systems can be excellent candidates for Automated Demand Response (Auto-DR) due to equipment synergies, and receptivity of facility managers to strategies that control energy costs without disrupting facility operations. Auto-DR utilizes OpenADR protocol for continuous and open communication signals over internet, allowing facilities to automate their Demand Response (DR). Refrigerated warehouses were selected for research because: They have significant power demand especially during utility peak periods; most processes are not sensitive to short-term (2-4 hours) lower power and DR activities are often not disruptive to facility operations; the number of processes is limited and well understood; and past experience with some DR strategies successful in commercial buildings may apply to refrigerated warehouses. This paper presents an overview of the potential for load sheds and shifts from baseline electricity use in response to DR events, along with physical configurations and operating characteristics of refrigerated warehouses. Analysis of data from two case studies and nine facilities in Pacific Gas and Electric territory, confirmed the DR abilities inherent to refrigerated warehouses but showed significant variation across facilities. Further, while load from California's refrigerated warehouses in 2008 was 360 MW with estimated DR potential of 45-90 MW, actual achieved was much less due to low participation. Efforts to overcome barriers to increased participation may include, improved marketing and recruitment of potential DR sites, better alignment and emphasis on financial benefits of participation, and use of Auto-DR to increase consistency of participation.

Goli, Sasank; McKane, Aimee; Olsen, Daniel

2011-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

277

Baoding Solar Thermal Equipment Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Equipment Company Equipment Company Jump to: navigation, search Name Baoding Solar Thermal Equipment Company Place Baoding, Hebei Province, China Sector Solar Product Solar water heating system manufacturer. Coordinates 38.855011°, 115.480217° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.855011,"lon":115.480217,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

278

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.7 Appliances  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

8 8 Commercial Refrigeration - Installed Base and Total Energy Consumption by Type Equipment Supermarket Refrigeration Systems Display Cases 2,100 214 Compressor Racks 140 373 Condensers 140 50 Walk-Ins 245 51 Walk-In Coolers and Freezers (Non-Supermarket) 755 148 Food Preperation and Service Equipment 1,516 55 Reach-In Refrigerators and Freezers 2,712 106 Beverage Merchandisers 920 45 Ice Machines 1,491 84 Refrigerated Vending Machines 3,816 100 Total 1225 Note(s): Source(s): Installed Total Energy Base (thousand) Consumption (TWh/yr) Energy consumption values have been rounded to the nearest whole number, and therefore the total does not exactly equal the sum of the energy consumption values for each equipment type. DOE/EERE/Navigant Consulting, Energy Savings Potential and R&D Opportunities for Commercial Refrigeration, Sept. 2009, Table 3-1, p. 26

279

Harbin Hafei Winwind Wind Power Equipment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hafei Winwind Wind Power Equipment Co Ltd Hafei Winwind Wind Power Equipment Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Harbin Hafei-Winwind Wind Power Equipment Co Ltd Place Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, China Zip 150060 Sector Services, Wind energy Product Manufacturer of wind turbines. Provides installation and after-sale services and technology support. References Harbin Hafei-Winwind Wind Power Equipment Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Harbin Hafei-Winwind Wind Power Equipment Co Ltd is a company located in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province, China . References ↑ "Harbin Hafei-Winwind Wind Power Equipment Co Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Harbin_Hafei_Winwind_Wind_Power_Equipment_Co_Ltd&oldid=346385"

280

Veeco Solar Equipment formerly Mill Lane Engineering | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Veeco Solar Equipment formerly Mill Lane Engineering Veeco Solar Equipment formerly Mill Lane Engineering Jump to: navigation, search Name Veeco Solar Equipment (formerly Mill Lane Engineering) Place Lowell, Massachusetts Zip 1851 Sector Solar Product Mill Lane Engineering is a privately held Massachusetts corporation that designs, builds, and integrates custom solar equipment and flexible solar panel coating systems. Coordinates 43.33937°, -88.817939° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.33937,"lon":-88.817939,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

NREL: Energy Systems Integration Facility - Fixed Equipment and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Systems Integration Facility include: Electrical equipment 13.2-kV to 480-V Y-Y transformer 1,000 kVA Grid simulators in sizes from 15 kVA up to 1080 kVA RLC load banks up to...

282

Solid-Vapor Sorption Refrigeration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

adsorbents in heat pump cycles: 1. A high usable refrigerant mass per unit mass of adsorbent. 2. A high energy of adsorption and desorption. 3. Heat flows and composition changes occur at constant temperature. The advantages of complex compounds... 2. Useable refrigerant densities. Summarizing, complex compound exhibit inherent characteristics which make them ideal adsorbents in heat pump cycles: 1. A high usable refrigerant mass per unit mass of adsorbent. 2. A high energy of adsorption...

Graebel, W.; Rockenfeller, U.; Kirol, L.

283

DOE Closes Investigation of Arcelik's Blomberg Refrigerator | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Arcelik's Blomberg Refrigerator Arcelik's Blomberg Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation of Arcelik's Blomberg Refrigerator September 1, 2010 - 4:37pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Arcelik's Blomberg refrigerator-freezer model # BRFB1450. The Department opened this investigation based on a complaint. DOE subpoenaed information from Arcelik, reviewed Arcelik's response, and performed its own testing of this model. Based on our investigation and test results, DOE has determined this model to be compliant with federal energy conservation standards. Notice of Compliance Determination Addthis Related Articles DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator

284

High Efficiency Low Emission Supermarket Refrigeration Research Project |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High Efficiency Low Emission Supermarket High Efficiency Low Emission Supermarket Refrigeration Research Project High Efficiency Low Emission Supermarket Refrigeration Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently conducting research into high efficiency, low emission supermarket refrigeration technologies. Project Description The project involves the development of a supermarket refrigeration system that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption when compared to existing systems. The challenge is to design a system that is capable of achieving low refrigerant leak rates while significantly reducing both the energy consumption and the refrigerant charge size. Project Partners Research is being undertaken between DOE and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Project Goals

285

Refrigerant directly cooled capacitors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a direct contact refrigerant cooling system using a refrigerant floating loop having a refrigerant and refrigeration devices. The cooling system has at least one hermetic container disposed in the refrigerant floating loop. The hermetic container has at least one electronic component selected from the group consisting of capacitors, power electronic switches and gating signal module. The refrigerant is in direct contact with the electronic component.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Seiber, Larry E. (Oak Ridge, TN); Marlino, Laura D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Ayers, Curtis W. (Kingston, TN)

2007-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

286

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Dairy Processing Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

increase refrigeration system energy consumption by up toannual refrigeration system energy consumption by nearly 40%

Brush, Adrian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Standards Efficiency Standards Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards < Back Program Info State Arizona Program Type Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Provider Arizona Department of Commerce '' Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of products. In general, states which had set standards prior to federal action may enforce their own standards until the federal standards take effect. States that had not set standards prior to federal action must use the federal standards. This summary addresses (1) state appliance standards that will be in place until the federal standards take effect and (2) products for which the federal government is not currently developing an efficiency

288

GT Solar Technologies formerly GT Equipment Technologies | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GT Solar Technologies formerly GT Equipment Technologies GT Solar Technologies formerly GT Equipment Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Name GT Solar Technologies (formerly GT Equipment Technologies) Place Merrimack, New Hampshire Zip 3054 Product US-based manufacturer of turnkey multicrystalline PV wafer, cell, and module fabrication lines; also offers EFG and dentritic growth furnaces. Coordinates 42.872517°, -71.490603° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.872517,"lon":-71.490603,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

289

Special Audit Report on the Department of Energy's Arms and Military-type Equipment, IG-0385  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy memorandum DATE: February 1, 1996 REPLY TO ATTN TO: IG-1 SUBJECT: INFORMATION: "Special Audit Report on the Department of Energy's Arms and Military-Type Equipment" TO: The Secretary BACKGROUND: The Department of Energy is responsible for over 50 major facilities across the United States, many of which use and store nuclear and other sensitive materials. The Department maintains a large inventory of arms and military-type equipment to use in protecting its nuclear weapons, materials, facilities, and classified information against theft, sabotage, espionage, and terrorist activity. The Department's inventory of arms and military-type equipment included handguns, rifles, submachine guns, grenade

290

News From the D.C. Office: Energy-Saving Office Equipment Part 2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Aerial view of Washington D.C. 3 Aerial view of Washington D.C. News From the D.C. Office Energy-Saving Office Equipment Part 2: Making the "Virtual Office" Real More on the DC Office efficiency up-grade: Lighting, Office Equipment: Part 1 Regular readers of the Center for Building Science News know that energy-efficient lighting and office equipment can have significant environmental and economic benefits. Previous articles ("Monitored Savings from Energy-Efficient Lighting in D.C. Office" [Spring 1997, p. 3] and "Energy-Saving Office equipment" [Summer 1997, p. 3]) discussed these features of Berkeley Lab's Washington, D.C. office. The D.C. office also serves as a demonstration site for telecommunications technologies, which have energy and environmental benefits of their own.

291

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Refrigerators and Freezers Residential Refrigerators and Freezers Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products Manufacturers have been required to comply with the Department of Energy's (DOE) energy conservation standards for residential refrigerators and freezers since 1990. Residential refrigerators and freezers include refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers, such as standard-size residential units as well as compact units used in offices and dormitory rooms. Known collectively as "refrigeration products," these appliances chill and preserve food and beverages, provide ice and chilled water, and freeze food. The standard implemented in 1990 will save approximately 5.6 quads of energy and result in approximately $61.7 billion in energy bill savings for products shipped from 1990-2019. The standard will avoid about 312.4 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions, equivalent to the annual greenhouse gas emissions of about 61.3 million automobiles.

292

Comment submitted by Hobart/ITW Food Equipment Group regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 9, 2011 May 9, 2011 DOE Verification Program May 9, 2011 Ashley Armstrong US Department of Energy Reference: DOE Verification Testing in Support of ENERGY STAR Subject: Comments from Hobart, Div. ITW Food Equipment Group Dear Ms. Armstrong, Hobart/ITW Food Equipment Group has been working diligently with the US EPA through NAFEM to ensure that the ENERGY STAR enhancements are fair to Food Service Equipment manufacturers. One of the mainstays has always been that Commercial Food Service equipment should not be required to be verification tested by a third party laboratory. We firmly believe that the proven method of periodic inspections by third-party certification bodies is more than adequate for verifying compliance with energy consumption standards. To that end, we

293

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) for Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) for Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment (RIN: 1904-AC19) EERE - Buildings Technology Program N/A DOE proposes to adopt amended energy conservation standards for commercial refrigeration equipment. The proposed standards consist of maximum daily energy consumption (MDEC) values as a function of either refrigerated volume or total display area (TDA). DOE proposes that the standards covered in this NOPR, if adopted, would apply to all equipment listed in Table I.1 of the NOPR and manufactured in, or imported into, the United States on or after 3 years after the publication date of the final rule, or January 1, 2016. B5.1 - Actions to conserve energy or water

294

Competitive Technologies, Equipment Vintages and the Demand for Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Macroeconometric modelling of energy demand resorts to two approaches leading to models ... of view. The first approach specifies the demand of a group of consumers for a single form of energy, independent of the...

F. Carlevaro

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Comparison of energy efficiency between variable refrigerant flow systems and ground source heat pump systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of energy efficiency between variable refrigeranttheir superior energy efficiency. The variable refrigerantfew studies reporting the energy efficiency of VRF systems

Hong, Tainzhen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Electrical power systems (Panama). Energy generation and control equipment, July 1991. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

Concerning energy generation equipment, the Panamanian market is supplied entirely by imports, mainly from the United States, the United Kingdom, Japan and Korea. The market is heavily dependent on government purchases, mainly generators and transformers. Imports showed a promising growth of 17% during 1990. Most energy generation and control equipment products are imported as local manufacturing is non existent, with the exception of copper cables.

Not Available

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

The Explorationon the Energy Saving Potential of an Innovative Dual-temperature Air Conditioner and the Mechanism of the Theoretical Mixed Refrigeration Cycl  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

expansion valves and an ejector. Mass and energy conservation equations are established for the air handling process and the theoretical mixed refrigeration cycle is analyzed. The state properties in the thermal processes and system performance... systems, Innovative technologies to reduce building energy consumption. In a room with a conventional air conditioner, the supplied air is not evenly distributed and there may be a draft sensation, which may cause air-conditioning symptoms...

Zhao,L.; Zhao,X.; Hu,A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Superinsulation in refrigerators and freezers  

SciTech Connect

The results presented here were obtained during Phase 4 of the first CRADA, which had the specific objective of determining the lifetime of superinsulations when installed in simulated refrigerator doors. The second CRADA was established to evaluate and test design concepts proposed to significantly reduce energy consumption in a refrigerator-freezer that is representative of approximately 60% of the US market. The stated goal of this CRADA is to demonstrate advanced technologies which reduce, by 50%, the 1993 National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA) standard energy consumption for a 20 ft{sup 3} (570 L) top-mount, automatic-defrost, refrigerator-freezer. For a unit this size, the goal translates to an energy consumption of 1.003 kWh/d. The general objective of the research is to facilitate the introduction of efficient appliances by demonstrating design changes that can be effectively incorporated into new products. In previous work on this project, a Phase 1 prototype refrigerator-freezer achieved an energy consumption of 1.413 kWh/d [Vineyard, et al., 1995]. Following discussions with an advisory group comprised of all the major refrigerator-freezer manufacturers, several options were considered for the Phase 2 effort, one of which was cabinet heat load reductions.

Vineyard, E.; Stovall, T.K.; Wilkes, K.E.; Childs, K.W.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Optimal Design Refrigeration System for a Mucilage Glue Fiber Factory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a mucilage glue fiber factory, the design of the refrigeration system takes into account the characteristics of mucilage glue fiber production and fully uses the refrigeration compressor heat to economize energy and reduce the production cost...

Tan, C.; Liu, J.; Tang, F.; Liu, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

VEE-0079- In the Matter of Diversified Refrigeration, Inc.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Diversified Refrigeration, Inc. (DRI) requests a six-month exception from the 2001 energy appliance efficiency standards for built-in refrigerators that become effective July 1, 2001. As explained...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

DOE Resolves Avanti Refrigerator and Freezer Civil Penalty Case  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Today, the Department of Energy announced that it has resolved thecivil penalty action against Mackle Company for its failure to certify that refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers sold under the...

302

Comparison of energy efficiency between variable refrigerant flow systems and ground source heat pump systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the current movement toward net zero energy buildings, manyThe movement towards net zero energy buildings brings

Hong, Tainzhen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Opportunities for Energy Efficiency and Automated Demand Response in Industrial Refrigerated Warehouses in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Best Practices Guide. Walla Walla, WA, Cascade Energy Engineering, Inc. , Northwest Energy EfficiencyBest Practices Guide. Walla Walla, WA, Cascade Energy Engineering, Inc. , Northwest Energy EfficiencyBest Practices Guide. Walla Walla, WA, Cascade Energy Engineering, Inc. , Northwest Energy Efficiency

Lekov, Alex

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Foreign-Made Energy Conservation Equipment in the U. S. Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The huge jump in energy prices since the early 1970s has created a large market for energy-saving industrial equipment and systems in the U.S. In Europe and Japan, great emphasis has been placed on developing energy-efficient products...

Exstrum, B. A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

List of Dishwasher Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dishwasher Incentives Dishwasher Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 364 Dishwasher Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 364) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Agricultural Energy Efficiency Program (New York) State Rebate Program New York Agricultural Agricultural Equipment Boilers Chillers Custom/Others pending approval Dishwasher Furnaces Heat pumps Heat recovery Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Water Heaters Commercial Cooking Equipment Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Food Service Equipment Yes Alabama - Residential Energy-Efficient Appliance Rebate Program (Alabama) State Rebate Program Alabama Residential Clothes Washers Dishwasher Refrigerators No Alaska - Residential Energy-Efficient Appliance Rebate Program (Alaska) State Rebate Program Alaska Residential Clothes Washers

306

Xinjiang Huitong Wind Equipment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Co Ltd Place: Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China Sector: Wind energy Product: A Chinese wind turbine component supplier, products inculde rotors, spindles and towers. References:...

307

November 26, 2012 Procedure for the Disposal of Unwanted Laboratory Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

above, is incomplete and not posted on the equipment Freon from refrigerators and freezers has not been

Chou, James

308

ARTI refrigerant database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database is an information system on alternative refrigerants, associated lubricants, and their use in air conditioning and refrigeration. It consolidates and facilitates access to property, compatibility, environmental, safety, application and other information. It provides corresponding information on older refrigerants, to assist manufacturers and those using alternative refrigerants, to make comparisons and determine differences. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern.

Calm, J.M.

1996-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

DOE Announces Webinars on Strategic Energy Planning, the Successful Commissioning of Refrigeration Systems, and More  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

EERE offers webinars to the public on a range of subjects, from adopting the latest energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies to training for the clean energy workforce. View this week's webinars.

310

Energy use of US residential refrigerators and freezers: function derivation based on household and climate characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS), U.S. Energyod for estimating field energy consumption of US residentialconsumption surveydetailed tables. Residential Energy Con- sumption Survey (RECS), U.S.

Greenblatt, Jeffery

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

OCCUPATIONAL & ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY SERVICES C:\\Documents and Settings\\sysdev\\Local Settings\\Temporary Internet Files\\OLK412\\Lab Equipment Release -New Format.doc  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, autoclaves, centrifuges, refrigerators, freezers, incubators, BioSafety cabinets, and analytical equipment, refrigerators, freezers, incubators, etc. #12;OCCUPATIONAL & ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY SERVICES C

Krovi, Venkat

312

Covered Product Category: Imaging Equipment | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

STAR-Qualified Products FEMP has calculated that the required ENERGY STAR-qualified laser printer is cost-effective if priced no more than 228 above the less efficient...

313

NineStar Connect- Residential Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Nine Star Connect (Greenfield and Maxwell, IN) offers residential customers an incentive to buy energy efficient air-source heat pumps, geothermal heat pumps. All heat pumps must meet minimum...

314

Recovery Act Incentives for Wind Energy Equipment Manufacturing  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

to 30% of system costs is also available to individuals who purchase and install small wind energy systems. www.dsireusa.orgincentivesincentive. cfm?IncentiveCodeUS02F The...

315

End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program: Analysis of residential refrigerator/freezer performance  

SciTech Connect

The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) is conducting a large end-use data acquisition program in an effort to understand how energy is utilized in buildings with permanent electric space heating equipment in the Pacific Northwest. The initial portion of effort, known as the End-Use Load and Consumer Assessment Program (ELCAP), was conducted for Bonneville by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). The collection of detailed end-use data provided an opportunity to analyze the amount of energy consumed by both refrigerators and separate freezers units located in residential buildings. By obtaining this information, the uncertainty of long- term regional end-use forecasting can be improved and potential utility marketing programs for new appliances with a reduced overall energy demand can be identified. It was found that standby loads derived from hourly averages between 4 a.m. and 5 a.m. reflected the minimum consumption needed to maintain interior refrigerator temperatures at a steady-state condition. Next, an average 24-hour consumption that included cooling loads from door openings and cooling food items was also determined. Later, analyses were conducted to develop a model capable of predicting refrigerator standby loads and 24-hour consumption for comparison with national refrigerator label ratings. Data for 140 residential sites with a refrigeration end-use were screened to develop a sample of 119 residences with pure refrigeration for use in this analysis. To identify those refrigerators that were considered to be pure (having no other devices present on the circuit) in terms of their end-use classification, the screening procedure used a statistical clustering technique that was based on standby loads with 24-hour consumption. 5 refs., 18 figs., 4 tabs.

Ross, B.A.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Updated Buildings Sector Appliance and Equipment Costs and Efficiency  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Full report (4.1 mb) Full report (4.1 mb) Heating, cooling, & water heating equipment Appendix A - Technology Forecast Updates - Residential and Commercial Building Technologies - Reference Case (1.9 mb) Appendix B - Technology Forecast Updates - Residential and Commercial Building Technologies - Advanced Case (1.3 mb) Lighting and commercial ventilation & refrigeration equipment Appendix C - Technology Forecast Updates - Residential and Commercial Building Technologies - Reference Case (1.1 mb) Appendix D - Technology Forecast Updates - Residential and Commercial Building Technologies - Advanced Case (1.1 mb) Updated Buildings Sector Appliance and Equipment Costs and Efficiency Release date: August 7, 2013 Energy used in the residential and commercial sectors provides a wide range

317

Compliance, Certification and Enforcement for US Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Programs by US DOE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Compliance, Certification and Enforcement Compliance, Certification and Enforcement for US Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Programs by US DOE As the Department of Energy is ramping up its focus on energy-efficiency, the Office of the General Counsel is stepping up enforcement and verification efforts to ensure manufacturers meet the energy and water conservation standards expected of them and save energy for American consumers and businesses. Recent enforcement initiatives go beyond compliance with energy-efficiency standards. We are working to protect consumers through verification and supporting the enforcement of Energy Star specifications to ensure that manufacturers offer the energy savings they advertise. Enforcement initiatives include: * Conservation Standards Enforcement

318

North Star Refrigerator: Order (2013-CE-5355)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered North Star Refrigerator Co., Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding North Star Refrigerator had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

319

Performance of a two-cycle refrigerator/freezer using HFC refrigerants  

SciTech Connect

A two-cycle 18 ft{sup 3} (0.51 m{sup 3}) refrigerator/freezer was tested utilizing American National Standards Institute/Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (ANSI/AHAM) standards for energy consumption testing. A 34.9% energy consumption reduction was realized for a 1984 model refrigerator/freezer (1020 kWh original energy use). This paper presents a proven method of reducing the current Department of Energy (DOE) minimum energy-efficiency standards for refrigerator/freezers to the proposed year 2001 standards utilizing existing technology. For a top-mount, frost-free refrigerator/freezer having the above volume, the current DOE minimum energy standard is 770 kWh/year, and the proposed DOE year 2001 standard is 530 kWh/year (a 31% reduction). Therefore, some significant reductions may be obtained by implementing the modifications discussed in this paper into newer refrigerator/freezer models. The paper gives an overview of the modifications implemented by a Danish university on a US refrigerator/freezer and presents experimental performance testing results of the refrigerator/freezer. The modifications will cause the refrigerator/freezer to be more expensive, but the performance enhancements should offset cost. No cost analysis is presented in this paper, but a detailed cost analysis of a two-cycle refrigerator/freezer is contained in a 1993 US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) report (EPA 1993). The refrigerator/freezer was tested using four refrigerants and compressors. Two compressors and refrigerants were tested in the freezer cycle, and four were tested in the fresh food cycle.

Baskin, E.; Delafield, F.R.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Evaluation of alternative designs for engine-driven supermarket refrigeration. Final report, January-October 1990  

SciTech Connect

An assessment of several designs for gas engine-driven refrigeration systems for supermarkets is summarized. The objectives were to select the most viable alternative for a refrigeration system, to identify the potential market acceptance, and to define a feasible development and commercialization path for the most attractive system. The project included a telephone survey of supermarket engineering management to characterize current practices and equipment selection criteria, the development of preliminary designs for four principal system alternatives, and an evaluation of the economics of the system alternatives based on climate and energy rate data for Atlanta, Chicago, Los Angeles, and Phoenix. Of the four alternatives, one was unintegrated straight cogeneration and three were integrated cogeneration/refrigeration designs.

Griffiths, D.; Darrow, K.; Parkhurst, B.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Equipment | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Equipment Renewable Energy Equipment Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Equipment < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial General Public/Consumer Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Solar Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 7/1/2009 State Colorado Program Type Sales Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% Provider Colorado Department of Revenue Colorado exempts from the state's sales and use tax all sales, storage, and use of components used in the production of alternating current electricity from a renewable energy source. Effective July 1, 2009, through July 1, 2017, all sales, storage, and use of components used in solar thermal

322

Air Conditioning Heating and Refrigeration Institute Comment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These comments are submitted by the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in response to the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) notice in the July 3, 2014 Federal Register...

323

Comparison of energy efficiency between variable refrigerant flow systems and ground source heat pump systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulation with credible software programs is a proven feasible way to get quantitative comparison of the energy

Hong, Tainzhen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Fast Nonconvex Model Predictive Control for Commercial Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

its capabil- ity to minimize the total cost of energy for a commercial refrigeration system while multi-zone refrigeration system, consisting of several cooling units that share a common compressor. This corresponds roughly to 2% of the entire electricity consumption in the country. Refrigerated goods constitute

325

Development of minimum efficiency standards for large capacity air conditioners, and commercial water heaters, refrigerators, and freezers. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The California Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission has promulgated appliance energy efficiency standards and energy conservation standards for new construction with the objective of reducing energy consumption in the State of California. The following appliance categories are specifically addressed: large capacity air conditioners; commercial water heaters; and commercial refrigerators and freezers. The tasks that have been performed include: an energy use pattern study for the subject equipment; an examination of the size distribution of commercial air conditioning equipment; an examination of the different types of commercial air conditioning systems; an evaluation of the effectiveness of economizers in reducing commercial air conditioning system energy consumption in California; an examination of the effects of oversizing commercial air conditioners; a detailed study of supermarket refrigeration and air conditioning equipment; an evaluation of the economic feasibility of utilizing air conditioner waste heat to heat water; an assessment of the applicability of existing test procedures for small water heaters to large water heaters; and a brief investigation of the marketing and distribution systems for air conditioning and refrigeration equipment. Results of the efforts are described.

Merrill, P.S.; Rettberg, R.J.; Erickson, R.C.; Toor, J.S.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Potential of the tractor-trailer and container segments as entry markets for a proposed refrigeration technology  

SciTech Connect

The refrigerated trailer and container segments of the transportation industry are evaluated as potential entry markets for a proposed absorption refrigeration technology. To perform this analysis the existing transportation refrigeration industry is characterized; this includes a description of the current refrigeration technology, rating systems, equipment manufacturers, maintenance requirements, and sales trends. This information indicates that the current transportation refrigeration industry is composed of two major competitors, Thermo King and Carrier. In addition, it has low profit potential, some barriers to entry and low growth potential. Data are also presented that characterize the transportation refrigeration consumers, specifically, major groups, market segmentation, consumer decision process, and buying criteria. This consumer information indicates that the majority of refrigerated trailer consumers are private carriers, and that the majority of refrigerated container consumers are shipping companies. Also, these consumers are primarily interested in buying reliable equipment at a low price, and are quite satisfied with existing refrigeration equipment.

Smith, S.A.; Davis, L.J.; Garrett, B.A.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Synergico: a method for systematic integration of energy efficiency into the design process of electr(on)ic equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of electr(on)ic equipment This paper presents an overall design method to better consider the energy: ecodesign method; energy efficiency, electrical and electronic products 1. Introduction Energy consumption-related products (ErP), directing manufacturers of electrical and electronic equipment and other energy

Boyer, Edmond

328

Evaluation of performance and composition shift of zeotropic mixtures in a Lorenz-Meutzner refrigerator/freezer  

SciTech Connect

Results from previous testing of this refrigerator/freezer using a 750 Btu/h compressor and several zeotropic mixtures revealed a performance enhancement up to 16% above that of hydrofluorocarbon R-134a. In the study presented in this paper, the Lorenz-Meutzner (LM) refrigerator/freezer equipped with a 1060 Btu/h compressor, two evaporators, and two intercoolers was experimentally tested in an environmental chamber according to the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers/Department of Energy (AHAM/DOE) testing standards using several hydrofluoropropane-based zeotropic mixtures. The results are compared to baseline testing with R-134a and results obtained using the 750 Btu/h compressor. Hydrofluorocarbons R-245ca/R-152a performed comparably to R-134a. R-245ca/hydrocarbon R-270 (cyclopropane C{sub 3}H{sub 6}) outperformed all zeotropic mixtures and R-134a by at least 12.2 {+-} 0.7%. All refrigerants performed better using the larger compressor due to its inherently better efficiency. Refrigerant samples taken during refrigerator/freezer operation revealed substantial composition shifts (e.g., a 30% running composition shift of R-134a in the R-245ca/R-134a mixture). Sand et al. (1993) obtained an approximately 20% energy reduction using steady-state on-cycle energy consumption results; a comparison was made between chlorofluorocarbon R-12 and a hydrofluorocarbon R-32/hydrochlorofluorocarbon R-124 mixture. Lorenz and Meutzner (1975), originators of the Lorenz-Meutzner refrigerator/freezer design, state that the following parameters influence the optimum performance of the design: (1) heat exchanger size, (2) capillary tube length, (3) refrigerant charge, and (4) compressor size. This work investigates three of these parameters--capillary tube length, compressor size, and refrigerant charge.

Baskin, E.; Smith, N.D.; Delafield, F.R.; Tufts, M.W.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Research and development of highly energy-efficient supermarket refrigeration systems. Volume 3. Evaluation of a test system in a supermarket  

SciTech Connect

This report covers in detail the engineering evaluation of a highly energy-efficient supermarket refrigeration system. The primary components of this system were a set of three unequal parallel compressors, a microprocessor-based compressor controller, and floating head pressure for condenser operation. For this evaluation, such a system - referred to here as the test system - was designed, fabricated, installed and instrumented in a supermarket operated by the H.E. Butt Grocery Co., in San Antonio, TX. A second refrigeration system - referred to here as the reference system and located in another HEB supermarket in San Antonio - was also instrumented so that comparative measurements between the two systems could be made. The major components of the reference system were two equal parallel compressors, a solid state compressor controller, and conventional head pressure control. The two systems were monitored for a period of approximately one year. The results showed that the test system produced a system EER (energy efficiency ratio) that was on the average 15.9% higher than that of the reference system. Further analysis of the performance data showed that the following parameters (presented in descending order of importance) contributed to this improvement: Operation of the test system at higher suction pressure; cycling control strategy for the test system condenser fans; fewer defrosts experienced by the test system; and operation of the test system at lower condenser pressure. Similar analyses were carried out for the power consumptions and refrigeration loads of both the test and reference systems. 9 figures, 10 tables.

Walker, D.H.; Burnett, M.; Krepchin, I.P.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Application of Best Industry Practices to the Design of Commercial Refrigerators  

SciTech Connect

The substantial efficiency improvements which have been realized in residential refrigerators over the last twenty years due to implementation of the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act and changing consumer reactions to energy savings give an indication of the potential for improvement in the commercial sector, where few such efficiency improvements have been made to date. The purchase decision for commercial refrigerators is still focused primarily on first cost and product performance issues such as maximizing storage capacity, quick pulldown, durability, and reliability. The project applied techniques used extensively to reduce energy use in residential refrigeration to a commercial reach-in refrigerator. The results will also be applicable to other commercial refrigeration equipment, such as refrigerated vending machines, reach-in freezers, beverage merchandisers, etc. The project described in this paper was a collaboration involving the Appliance and Building Technology Sector of TIAX, the Delfield Company, and the U. S. Department of Energy's Office of Building Technologies. Funding was provided by DOE through Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-00NT41000. The program plan and schedule were structured to assure successful integration of the TIAX work on development of efficient design concepts into Delfield's simultaneous development of the Vantage product line. The energy-saving design options evaluated as part of the development included brushless DC and PSC fan motors, high-efficiency compressors, variable-speed compressor technology, cabinet thermal improvement (particularly in the face frame area), increased insulation thickness, a trap for the condensate line, improved insulation, reduced-wattage antisweat heaters, non-electric antisweat heating, off-cycle defrost termination, rifled heat exchanger tubing, and system optimization (selection of heat exchangers, fans, and subcooling, superheat, and suction temperatures for efficient operation). The project started with a thorough evaluation of the baseline Delfield Model 6051 two-door reach-in refrigerator. Performance testing was done to establish a performance baseline which, to meet end-users requirements, would have to be met or exceeded by the high-efficiency refrigerator design. Energy testing was done to establish the baseline energy use. Diagnostic testing such as reverse heat leak testing and insulation conductivity testing was done to evaluate factors contributing to the cabinet load and energy use. Modeling was done to assess the energy savings potential of the energy saving design options. Discussion with vendors and cost modeling was done to assess the manufacturing cost impact of the options. Based on this work, the following group of design options was selected for incorporation in the final refrigerator design: (1) Brushless DC evaporator fans; (2) Improved face frame design; (3) Reduced antisweat heater wattage; (4) Condensate line trap; and (5) Optimized refrigeration system. There was no net cost premium associated with these design changes, leading to a high-efficiency design requiring no payback of any initial additional investment. Delfield incorporated these design options in the Vantage line design and built a first prototype, which was tested at TIAX. Additional design changes were implemented in the transition to manufacturing, based in part on results of initial prototype testing, and a pilot production unit was sent to TIAX for final testing. The energy use of the pilot production unit was 68% less than that of the baseline refrigerator when tested according to the ASHRAE 117 Energy Test Standard. The energy test results for the baseline refrigerator and the two new-design units is shown in Figure ES-1 below. The resulting energy consumption is well below Energy Star and proposed Canadian and California standards levels. Delfield has successfully transitioned the design to production and is manufacturing all configurations of the energy efficient reach-ins at a rate greater than 7,000 per year, with production quantities projec

None

2002-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

331

Innovative Method for Performance Inspections often save 20-30% through Optimization of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of performance?. (Nordtest.) Esbo, Finland. 16. NT VVS 116, 1997. ?Refrigeration and heat pump equipment: Check-ups and performance data inferred from measurements under field conditions in the refrigerant system?. (Nordtest.) Esbo, Finland. ESL-IC-10...

Berglof, K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Refrigerants in Transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

component of ternary blends and as a blowing agent. Further testing is ongoing to determine its performance characteristics. Since CFC-114 chillers constitute an estimated 1% of the more than 80,000 centrifugal chillers, testing has not been a high..., commercial refrigerators, ice makers, etc. Some commercial chillers. Some commercial refrigeration. Marine refrigeration, stationery chillers, ternary blends, blowing agents. 51 RESULTS OF TESTING The testing programs undertaken by the refrigerant...

Stouppe, D. E.

333

Energy Department Releases Roadmaps on HVAC Technologies, Water Heating, Appliances, and Low-GWP Refrigerants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In Fall 2014, the Emerging Technologies Program released four roadmaps, providing BTO with recommendations for R&D activities to pursue and help aid in achieving BTOs energy savings goals.

334

International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510) | Department  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510) International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510) International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510) July 9, 2012 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that International Refrigeration Products failed to certify a various room air conditioners as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510) More Documents & Publications

335

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wine Chillers and Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products Standard Wine Chillers and Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products Standard Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) is initiating a rulemaking to develop a potential test procedure and energy conservation standard for miscellaneous residential refrigeration products, which include wine chillers and other products that are not currently covered as residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, or freezers. Recent Updates | Public Meeting Information | Submitting Public Comments | Milestones and Documents | Related Rulemakings | Statutory Authority | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a notice of public meeting and availability of the framework document regarding energy conservation standards for residential wine chillers and other residential refrigeration products. 77 FR 7547 (February 13, 2012).

336

Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info Funding Source Efficiency Vermont Public Benefit Fund Expiration Date 06/30/2013 State Vermont Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Clothes Washers: $40-$75 Dehumidifiers: $25 Refrigerators: $50 Pool pumps: $200 Provider Efficiency Vermont Efficiency Vermont provides financial incentives for its residential customers to install energy efficient equipment in their homes. Eligible Energy Star equipment includes dehumidifiers (seasonal rebates), refrigerators, clothes washers, and swimming pool pumps. The website provides details on eligible makes and models as well as rebate application

337

Covered Product Category: Residential Refrigerators  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including residential refrigerators, which are an ENERGY STAR-qualified product category. Federal laws and executive orders mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

338

2014-09-23 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute Petition for Reconsideration Notice of Public Meeting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of public meeting regarding energy conservation standards for walk-in coolers and freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute petition for reconsideration, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on September 23, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

339

2014-11-25 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products; Notice of Open Meeting and Availability of the Preliminary Technical Support Document  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of open meeting and availability of the preliminary technical support document regarding energy conservation standards for miscellaneous refrigeration products, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on November 25, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

340

Comment submitted by the North American Association of Food Equipment Manufacturers (NAFEM) regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a comment submitted by the North American Association of Food Equipment Manufacturers (NAFEM) regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

DOE/EH-0545, Seismic Evaluation Procedure for Equipment in U.S. Department of Energy Facilities, 1997  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The guidance for DOE/EH-0545, Seismic Evaluation Procedure for Equipment in U.S. Department of Energy Facilities, March 1997

342

Thermal Energy Storage for Vacuum Precoolers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

radically creating high peak demands and low load factors. An ice bank thermal energy storage (TES) and ice water vapor condenser were installed. The existing equipment and TES system were computer monitored to determine energy consumption and potential... efficiency at night. The ice bank thermal energy storage system has a 4.4 year simple payback. While building ice, the refrigeration system operated at a 6.26 Coefficient of Performance (COP). The refrigeration system operated more efficiently at night...

Nugent, D. M.

343

APPLIANCE EFFICIENCY REGULATIONS FOR REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mobile equipment. (c) Central air conditioning heat pumps, regardless of capacity, except that requirements for central air conditioning heat pumps with cooling capacity of 135,000 Btu per hour or more#12;#12;APPLIANCE EFFICIENCY REGULATIONS FOR REFRIGERATORS AND FREEZERS ROOM AIR CONDITIONERS

344

Alternative Refrigerants for Building Air Conditioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The majority of building air conditioning has traditionally been achieved with vapor compression technology using CFC-I I or HCFC-22 as refrigerant fluids. CFC-11 is being successfully replaced by HCFC-123 (retrofit or new equipment) or by HFC- 134a...

Bivens, D. B.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Refrigerator Manufacturers: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5341)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Refrigerator Manufacturers, LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

346

Cospolich Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5314)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Cospolich Refrigerator Co, Inc. failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

347

Building Technologies Office: About the Appliance and Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Appliance and Equipment Standards Program the Appliance and Equipment Standards Program The Department of Energy (DOE) and the Buildings Technologies Office sets minimum energy efficiency standards for approximately 50 categories of appliances and equipment used in homes, businesses, and other applications, as required by existing law. The appliances and equipment covered provide services that are used by consumers and businesses each day, such as space heating and cooling, refrigeration, cooking, clothes washing and drying, and lighting. DOE's minimum efficiency standards significantly reduce U.S. energy demand, lower emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants, and save consumers billions of dollars every year, without lessening the vital services provided by these products. In addition, DOE implements laws designed to limit the water consumption of several plumbing products.

348

Household equipment of Canadians -- features of the 1993 stock and the 1994 and 1995 purchases: Analysis report  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews the results of three surveys that collected information on household equipment: The 1994 and 1995 Household Equipment Surveys and the 1993 Survey of Household Energy Use. The goal of the report is to highlight the features of energy-consuming equipment bought by Canadian households in 1994 and 1995 in comparison to those owned by households in 1993. Results are presented by type of equipment: Refrigerators, stoves, dishwashers, freezers, automatic washers, automatic dryers, air conditioning systems, heating systems, and water heaters. Appendices include information on survey methodology and a copy of the survey questionnaire.

Not Available

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

2014-08-01 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for Refrigerated Bottled or Canned Beverage Vending Machines; Notice of Public Meeting and Availability of the Preliminary Technical Support Document  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of public meeting and availability of the preliminary technical support document for refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machines, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on August 1, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

350

EQUIPMENT NEWS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...described are a back-mounted in-cubator, a biological refrigerator, a mi-crobiological filter canister, refrigerated centrifuge, autoclave, and hood. All items are of modular design. (S. Blickman, Inc., Dept. S94) * MICROTOME...

1956-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

351

Energy Savings Potential and RD&D Opportunities for Commercial...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

efficiency improvements, excluding product categories such as HVAC, building lighting, refrigeration equipment, and distributed generation systems. The study included equipment...

352

Can combining economizers with improved filtration save energy and protect equipment in data centers?  

SciTech Connect

Economizer use in data centers is an energy efficiency strategy that could significantly limit electricity demand in this rapidly growing economic sector. Widespread economizer implementation, however, has been hindered by potential equipment reliability concerns associated with exposing information technology equipment to particulate matter of outdoor origin. This study explores the feasibility of using economizers in data centers to save energy while controlling particle concentrations with high-quality air filtration. Physical and chemical properties of indoor and outdoor particles were analyzed at an operating northern California data center equipped with an economizer under varying levels of air filtration efficiency. Results show that when improved filtration is used in combination with an economizer, the indoor/outdoor concentration ratios for most measured particle types were similar to levels when using conventional filtration without economizers. An energy analysis of the data center reveals that, even during the summer months, chiller savings from economizer use greatly outweigh any increase in fan power associated with improved filtration. These findings indicate that economizer use combined with improved filtration could reduce data center energy demand while providing a level of protection from particles of outdoor origin similar to that observed with conventional design.

Shehabi, Arman; Ganguly, Srirupa; Gundel, Lara A.; Horvath, Arpad; Kirchstetter, Thomas W.; Lunden, Melissa M.; Tschudi, William; Gadgil, Ashok J.; Nazaroff, William W

2009-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

353

Data Center IT Equipment Energy Assessment Tools Current State of Commercial Tools, Proposal for a Future Set of Assessment Tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy details down to a rack or to a server. With theirDate center IT Equipment Floor Area Number of Racks Areaper Rack Units sq. ft sq. ft Energy consumed for the total

Radhakrishnan, Ben D.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Focus Series: The Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance (GCEA) Equipment Lease Program Breaks Down Barriers for Cincinnati Contractors  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Focus Series: The Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance (GCEA) Equipment Lease Program Breaks Down Barriers for Cincinnati Contractors, a publication of the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program.

355

Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low-Global Warming Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy

356

Cooling Towers, The Neglected Energy Resource  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COOLING TOWERS, THE NEGLECTED ENERGY RESOURCE ROBERT BURGER President, Burger Associates, Inc. Dallas, Texas (USA) Loving care is paid to the compress ors, condensers, and computer programs of refrigeration and air conditioning systems... is too hot, high temperature cut-outs occur and more energy must be provided to the motors to maintain the refrigeration cycle. COOLING TOWERS: 1) are just as important a link in the chain as the other equipment, 2) are an important source...

Burger, R.

357

Elastic Metal Alloy Refrigerants: Thermoelastic Cooling  

SciTech Connect

BEETIT Project: UMD is developing an energy-efficient cooling system that eliminates the need for synthetic refrigerants that harm the environment. More than 90% of the cooling and refrigeration systems in the U.S. today use vapor compression systems which rely on liquid to vapor phase transformation of synthetic refrigerants to absorb or release heat. Thermoelastic cooling systems, however, use a solid-state materialan elastic shape memory metal alloyas a refrigerant and a solid to solid phase transformation to absorb or release heat. UMD is developing and testing shape memory alloys and a cooling device that alternately absorbs or creates heat in much the same way as a vapor compression system, but with significantly less energy and a smaller operational footprint.

None

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Microcomputer Software for Refrigerant Property and Cycle Analysis Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost, a large component of which is energy-related. Existing system operation must be analyzed to optimize energy consumption while still meeting cooling load requirements. Refrigerant properties, which form the basis for such calculations, have... to illustrate the application of the program to problems in design and operation of refrigeration systems. INTRODUCTION Thermodynamic analysis of refrigeration systems is important in a variety. of industrial; commercial, and building-related applications...

Bierschenk, J. L.; Strohl, S. T.; Schmidt, P. S.

359

Estimating the energy consumption and power demand of small power equipment in office buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Small power is a substantial energy end-use in office buildings in its own right, but also significantly contributes to internal heat gains. Technological advancements have allowed for higher efficiency computers, yet current working practices are demanding more out of digital equipment. Designers often rely on benchmarks to inform predictions of small power consumption, power demand and internal gains. These are often out of date and fail to account for the variability in equipment speciation and usage patterns in different offices. This paper details two models for estimating small power consumption in office buildings, alongside typical power demand profiles. The first model relies solely on the random sampling of monitored data, and the second relies on a bottom-up approach to establish likely power demand and operational energy use. Both models were tested through a blind validation demonstrating a good correlation between metered data and monthly predictions of energy consumption. Prediction ranges for power demand profiles were also observed to be representative of metered data with minor exceptions. When compared to current practices, which often rely solely on the use of benchmarks, both proposed methods provide an improved approach to predicting the operational performance of small power equipment in offices.

A.C. Menezes; A. Cripps; R.A. Buswell; J. Wright; D. Bouchlaghem

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Departments of Central Receiving -Surplus Property Equipment Accountability Change Request (EACR) Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and radioactive material. SECTION 4 This EACR contains any of the following: Freezers, Refrigerators, a Freezer, Refrigerator, and Laboratory Equipment Declaration Form will be attached to this EACR. This form

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

2014-10-10 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Water Heating Equipment; Request for Information  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register request for information regarding energy conservation standards for commercial water heating equipment, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on October 10, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

362

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods and Alternate Rating Methods Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods and Alternate Rating Methods Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing to revise and expand its existing regulations governing the use of alternative efficiency determination methods (AEDM) and alternate rating methods (ARM) for covered products as alternatives to testing for the purpose of certifying compliance. Recent Updates | Public Meeting Information | Submitting Public Comments | Milestones and Documents | Related Rulemakings | Statutory Authority | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a final rule revising its existing regulations governing the use of particular methods as alternatives to testing for commercial heating, ventilating, air conditioning, water heating, and refrigeration equipment. 78 FR 79579 (December 31, 2013).

363

Process/equipment co-simulation for designe and analysis of advanced energy systems  

SciTech Connect

b s t r a c t The grand challenge facing the power and energy industries is the development of efficient, environmentally friendly, and affordable technologies for next-generation energy systems. To provide solutions for energy and the environment, the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and its research partners in industry and academia are relying increasingly on the use of sophisticated computer-aided process design and optimization tools. In this paper, we describe recent progress toward developing an Advanced Process Engineering Co-Simulator (APECS) for the high-fidelity design, analysis, and optimization of energy plants. The APECS software system combines steady-state process simulation with multiphysics-based equipment simulations, such as those based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD). These co-simulation capabilities enable design engineers to optimize overall process performance with respect to complex thermal and fluid flow phenomena arising in key plant equipment items, such as combustors, gasifiers, turbines, and carbon capture devices. In this paper we review several applications of the APECS co-simulation technology to advanced energy systems, including coal-fired energy plants with carbon capture. This paper also discusses ongoing co-simulation R&D activities and challenges in areas such as CFD-based reduced-order modeling, knowledge management, advanced analysis and optimization, and virtual plant co-simulation. Continued progress in co-simulation technology through improved integration, solution, and deployment will have profound positive impacts on the design and optimization of high-efficiency, near-zero emission fossil energy systems.

Zitney, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

2014-04-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers; Final Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding test procedures for residential refrigerators and freezers, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on April 10, 2014.

365

Clean Cities Guide to Alternative Fuel Commercial Lawn Equipment (Brochure), Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Guide to Guide to Alternative Fuel Commercial Lawn Equipment Contents Introduction........................... 4 Compressed Natural Gas ........................ 6 Biodiesel ................................. 6 Electricity ............................... 7 Propane .................................. 8 Incentives ............................... 14 Special Considerations ...... 14 Resources............................... 15 A single commercial lawnmower can annually use as much gaso- line or diesel fuel as a commercial work truck. Powering commercial lawn service equipment with alternative fuels is an effective way to reduce petroleum use. Alternative fuels can also reduce pollutant emissions compared with conventional fuels. Nu- merous biodiesel, compressed natural gas, electric, and propane

366

High energy arcing fault fires in switchgear equipment : a literature review.  

SciTech Connect

In power generating plants, switchgear provide a means to isolate and de-energize specific electrical components and buses in order to clear downstream faults, perform routine maintenance, and replace necessary electrical equipment. These protective devices may be categorized by the insulating medium, such as air or oil, and are typically specified by voltage classes, i.e. low, medium, and high voltage. Given their high energy content, catastrophic failure of switchgear by means of a high energy arcing fault (HEAF) may occur. An incident such as this may lead to an explosion and fire within the switchgear, directly impact adjacent components, and possibly render dependent electrical equipment inoperable. Historically, HEAF events have been poorly documented and discussed in little detail. Recent incidents involving switchgear components at nuclear power plants, however, were scrupulously investigated. The phenomena itself is only understood on a very elementary level from preliminary experiments and theories; though many have argued that these early experiments were inaccurate due to primitive instrumentation or poorly justified methodologies and thus require re-evaluation. Within the past two decades, however, there has been a resurgence of research that analyzes previous work and modern technology. Developing a greater understanding of the HEAF phenomena, in particular the affects on switchgear equipment and other associated switching components, would allow power generating industries to minimize and possibly prevent future occurrences, thereby reducing costs associated with repair and downtime. This report presents the findings of a literature review focused on arc fault studies for electrical switching equipment. The specific objective of this review was to assess the availability of the types of information needed to support development of improved treatment methods in fire Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) for nuclear power plant applications.

Nowlen, Steven Patrick; Brown, Jason W.; Wyant, Francis John

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Extremely Low-Energy Design for Army Buildings: Tactical Equipment Maintenance Facility: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extremely Low-Energy Design Extremely Low-Energy Design for Army Buildings: Tactical Equipment Maintenance Facility Preprint Rois Langner and Michael Deru National Renewable Energy Laboratory Alexander Zhivov, Richard Liesen, and Dale Herron U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center Presented at the 2012 ASHRAE Winter Conference Chicago, Illinois January 21-25, 2012 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5500-53810 March 2012 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes.

368

L&E: Refrigerated Display Case | The Better Buildings Alliance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting & Electrical » Adopt the Lighting & Electrical » Adopt the refrigerated display case lighting performance specification and start saving on your case lighting costs Activities Technology Solutions Teams Lighting & Electrical Space Conditioning Plug & Process Loads Food Service Refrigeration Laboratories Energy Management & Information Systems Public Sector Teams Market Solutions Teams Adopt the refrigerated display case lighting performance specification and start saving on your case lighting costs The LED Refrigerated Display Case Lighting Specification delivers nearly 50% energy savings compared to typical display case lighting. If all retail refrigerated display cases switched today to LED systems, over 2.1 TWh of electricity could be saved annually. LED Refrigerated Display Case Lighting Specification

369

Many Small Consumers, One Growing Problem: Achieving Energy Savings for Electronic Equipment Operating in Low Power Modes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Consumers, One Growing Problem: Achieving Energy Savings Small Consumers, One Growing Problem: Achieving Energy Savings for Electronic Equipment Operating in Low Power Modes Christopher Payne, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Alan Meier, International Energy Agency ABSTRACT An increasing amount of electricity is used by equipment that is neither fully "on" nor fully "off." We call these equipment states low power modes, or "lopomos." "Standby" and "sleep" are the most familiar lopomos, but some new products already have many modes. Lopomos are becoming common in household appliances, safety equipment, and miscellaneous products. Ross and Meier (2000) reports that several international studies have found standby power to be as much as 10% of residential energy consumption. Lopomo energy consumption is

370

DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations April 12, 2010 - 7:27pm Addthis The Department of Energy has issued one subpoena and two data requests to three companies in response to allegations that the companies are selling refrigerator-freezers that failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. Under the subpoena, Arçelik A.S, a Turkish Company is required to submit detailed information about the design, marketing and U.S. sales of its Blomberg brand refrigerator-freezer, model "BRFB1450." The Department also requested testing data from Whirlpool Corporation and Viking Range Corporation for two refrigerator-freezers that the companies

371

DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations April 12, 2010 - 7:27pm Addthis The Department of Energy has issued one subpoena and two data requests to three companies in response to allegations that the companies are selling refrigerator-freezers that failed to meet federal energy efficiency standards. Under the subpoena, Arçelik A.S, a Turkish Company is required to submit detailed information about the design, marketing and U.S. sales of its Blomberg brand refrigerator-freezer, model "BRFB1450." The Department also requested testing data from Whirlpool Corporation and Viking Range Corporation for two refrigerator-freezers that the companies

372

About Genco Energy Services Genco Energy Services has been servicing the rental equipment needs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and insurance costs; increased employee safety and productivity Industry Focus Rental equipment for oil and gas and natural gas production. Approximately 150 employees service hundreds of jobs at any given time by moving in more errors and lost productivity. The company needed to automate its asset management processes

Fisher, Kathleen

373

Can combining economizers with improved filtration save energy and protect equipment in data centers?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Economizer use in data centers is an energy efficiency strategy that could significantly limit electricity demand in this rapidly growing economic sector. Widespread economizer implementation, however, has been hindered by potential reliability concerns associated with exposing information technology equipment to particulate matter of outdoor origin. This study explores the feasibility of using economizers in data centers to save energy while controlling particle concentrations with high-quality air filtration. Physical and chemical properties of indoor and outdoor particles were analyzed at an operating northern California data center equipped with an economizer under varying levels of air filtration efficiency. Results show that when improved filtration is used in combination with an economizer, the indoor/outdoor concentration ratios for most measured particle types were similar to levels when using conventional filtration without economizers. An energy analysis of the data center reveals that, even during the summer months, chiller savings from economizer use greatly outweigh any increase in fan power associated with improved filtration. These findings indicate that economizer use combined with improved filtration could reduce data center energy demand while providing a level of protection from particles of outdoor origin similar to that observed with conventional design.

Arman Shehabi; Srirupa Ganguly; Lara A. Gundel; Arpad Horvath; Thomas W. Kirchstetter; Melissa M. Lunden; William Tschudi; Ashok J. Gadgil; William W. Nazaroff

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

DOE/EA-1673: Environmental Assessment for Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for Commercial Heating, Air-Conditioning, and Water-Heating Equipment (July 2009)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR 431 Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for Commercial Heating, Air- Conditioning, and Water-Heating Equipment July 2009 8-i CHAPTER 8. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS 8.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................... 8-1 8.2 AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS ............................................................................................... 8-1 8.3 AIR POLLUTANT DESCRIPTIONS ................................................................................ 8-1 8.4 AIR QUALITY REGULATIONS ...................................................................................... 8-3

375

Leducq, Roche, Macchi-Tejeda , Fournaison, Guilpart Workshop on Refrigerant Charge Reduction, Cemagref Antony, France, 2009 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Leducq, Roche, Macchi-Tejeda , Fournaison, Guilpart IIR 1st Workshop on Refrigerant Charge, Antony cedex, 92 163,, France denis.leducq@cemagref.fr ABSTRACT A design of a low charge refrigerating on refrigerant charge and energy performance has been evaluated experimentally for a cold room refrigerating unit

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

376

Ex parte Communication | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

proposed rulemaking on energy conservation standards for residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers. Ex parte Communication More Documents & Publications...

377

ZhongHang Baoding Huiteng Windpower Equipment Co Ltd HT Blade | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ZhongHang Baoding Huiteng Windpower Equipment Co Ltd HT Blade ZhongHang Baoding Huiteng Windpower Equipment Co Ltd HT Blade Jump to: navigation, search Name ZhongHang (Baoding) Huiteng Windpower Equipment Co Ltd (HT Blade) Place Baoding, Hebei Province, China Zip 71051 Sector Wind energy Product Leading supplier of wind turbine blades in China. Coordinates 38.855011°, 115.480217° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.855011,"lon":115.480217,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

378

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.3 Heating, Cooling, and Ventilation Equipment  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

1 1 Main Residential Heating Equipment as of 1987, 1993, 1997, 2001, and 2005 (Percent of Total Households) Equipment Type 1987 1993 1997 2001 2005 Natural Gas 55% 53% 53% 55% 52% Central Warm-Air Furnace 35% 36% 38% 42% 40% Steam or Hot-Water System 10% 9% 7% 7% 7% Floor/Wall/Pipeless Furnace 6% 4% 4% 3% 2% Room Heater/Other 4% 3% 4% 3% 3% Electricity 20% 26% 29% 29% 30% Central Warm-Air Furnace 8% 10% 11% 12% 14% Heat Pump 5% 8% 10% 10% 8% Built-In Electric Units 6% 7% 7% 6% 5% Other 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% Fuel Oil 12% 11% 9% 7% 7% Steam or Hot-Water System 7% 6% 5% 4% 4% Central Warm-Air Furnace 4% 5% 4% 3% 3% Other 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% Other 13% 11% 9% 8% 10% Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% Note(s): Source(s): Other equipment includes wood, LPG, kerosene, other fuels, and none. EIA, A Look at Residential Consumption in 2005, June 2008, Table HC2-4; EIA, A Look at Residential Energy Consumption in 2001, Apr. 2004, 'Table HC3-

379

ISSUANCE 2014-12-23: Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Test Procedures for Direct Heating Equipment and Pool Heaters, Final Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Test Procedures for Direct Heating Equipment and Pool Heaters, Final Rule

380

An Advanced Solar-Powered Rotary Solid Adsorption Refrigerator with High Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reported before. Through improving the refrigerant performance of heat and mass transfer in the adsorbent bed, the refrigeration cycle has been advanced from the aspect of utilization of the thermal energy from low-temperature level resources. In addition...

Zheng, A.; Gu, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Energy-conservation program: notice of proposed rulemaking  

SciTech Connect

A notice of proposed rulemaking, proposing energy efficiency standards for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, room air conditioners, home heating equipment (not including furnaces) kitchen ranges and ovens, and central air conditioners ispresented. Comments are invited and the procedure for public comment is detailed. Issues included and presented in the proposed rulemaking are: determination of energy efficiency levels, macro-economic analysis, certification and enforcement, effect on other law, small business exemptions, environmental assessment, and regulatory analysis. (MCW)

Not Available

1980-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

382

NRELs Energy-Saving Technology for Air Conditioning Cuts Peak Power Loads Without Using Harmful Refrigerants (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DEVAP Slashes Peak Power Loads DEVAP Slashes Peak Power Loads Desiccant-enhanced evaporative (DEVAP) air-condi- tioning will provide superior comfort for commercial buildings in any climate at a small fraction of the elec- tricity costs of conventional air-conditioning equip- ment, releasing far less carbon dioxide and cutting costly peak electrical demand by an estimated 80%. Air conditioning currently consumes about 15% of the electricity generated in the United States and is a major contributor to peak electrical demand on hot summer days, which can lead to escalating power costs, brownouts, and rolling blackouts. DEVAP employs an innovative combination of air-cooling technologies to reduce energy use by up to 81%. DEVAP also shifts most of the energy needs to thermal energy sources, reducing annual electricity use by up

383

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines Energy Conservation Standards Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines Energy Conservation Standards Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) is considering amending energy conservation standards for refrigerated beverage vending machines (BVMs) as required by (42 U.S.C. 6295(m)(1)). Recent Updates | Public Meeting Information | Submitting Public Comments | Milestones and Documents | Related Rulemakings | Statutory Authority | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a notice of public meeting and availability of the framework document regarding energy conservation standards for refrigerated beverage vending machines. 78 FR 33262 (June 4, 2013). Public Meeting Information A public meeting was held on June 20, 2013.

384

Retrofitting Doors on Open Refrigerated Cases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retrofitting Doors on Open Retrofitting Doors on Open Refrigerated Cases William Goetzler Navigant Consulting, Inc. wgoetzler@navigant.com (781) 270-8351 April 4, 2013 BBA Refrigeration Project Team Images courtesy of REMIS AMERICA, LLC. 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Technology Overview Image from Investigation of Energy- Efficient Supermarket Display Cases. 2004, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Background and Motivation * Adding doors to open cases (retrofits) greatly reduces cold air loss - 50-80% load reduction - Load reduction = system energy savings

385

LANSCE | Lujan Center | Ancillary Equipment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ancillary Equipment Ancillary Equipment For general questions, please contact the Lujan Center Sample Environments responsible: Victor Fanelli | vfanelli@lanl.gov | 505.667.8755 Sample and Equipment Shipping Instructions For questions regarding shipping procedures, contact Lujan Center Experiment Coordinator: Leilani Conradson | leilani@lanl.gov | 505.665.9505 Low Temperature Equipment Specifications Flight Path/Instrument Compatibility Responsible Displex closed-cycle refrigerators Tmin= 4 K to 12 K Tmax= 300 K to 340 K 11 - Asterix 04 - HIPPO 03 - HIPD 10 - LQD 02 - SMARTS Victor Fanelli vfanelli@lanl.gov Or particular instrument scientist Top loading closed-cycle refrigerator T = 10 K to 500 K option of in situ gas adsorption cell 07 - FDS Luke Daemon lld@lanl.gov Monika Hartl hartl@lanl.gov

386

A Global Review of Incentive Programs to Accelerate Energy-Efficient Appliances and Equipment  

SciTech Connect

Incentive programs are an essential policy tool to move the market toward energy-efficient products. They offer a favorable complement to mandatory standards and labeling policies by accelerating the market penetration of energy-efficient products above equipment standard requirements and by preparing the market for increased future mandatory requirements. They sway purchase decisions and in some cases production decisions and retail stocking decisions toward energy-efficient products. Incentive programs are structured according to their regulatory environment, the way they are financed, by how the incentive is targeted, and by who administers them. This report categorizes the main elements of incentive programs, using case studies from the Major Economies Forum to illustrate their characteristics. To inform future policy and program design, it seeks to recognize design advantages and disadvantages through a qualitative overview of the variety of programs in use around the globe. Examples range from rebate programs administered by utilities under an Energy-Efficiency Resource Standards (EERS) regulatory framework (California, USA) to the distribution of Eco-Points that reward customers for buying efficient appliances under a government recovery program (Japan). We found that evaluations have demonstrated that financial incentives programs have greater impact when they target highly efficient technologies that have a small market share. We also found that the benefits and drawbacks of different program design aspects depend on the market barriers addressed, the target equipment, and the local market context and that no program design surpasses the others. The key to successful program design and implementation is a thorough understanding of the market and effective identification of the most important local factors hindering the penetration of energy-efficient technologies.

de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Phadke, Amol; Leventis, Greg; Gopal, Anand

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Distributed Energy Resources at Naval Base Ventura County Building 1512: A Sensitivity Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Consumption and Production Results Separate Refrigeration Load SystemEnergy Consumption and Production Results Integrated Refrigeration Load System

Bailey, Owen C.; Marnay, Chris

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

CX-008032: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

32: Categorical Exclusion Determination 32: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008032: Categorical Exclusion Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) for Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 12/06/2011 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy DOE proposes to adopt amended energy conservation standards for commercial refrigeration equipment. The proposed standards consist of maximum daily energy consumption (MDEC) values as a function of either refrigerated volume or total display area (TDA). DOE proposes that the standards covered in this NOPR, if adopted, would apply to all equipment listed in Table I.1 of the NOPR and manufactured in, or imported into, the United States on or after 3 years after the publication date of the final rule, or January 1,

389

CX-007851: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Categorical Exclusion Determination 1: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007851: Categorical Exclusion Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) for Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 02/06/2012 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy DOE proposes to adopt amended energy conservation standards for commercial refrigeration equipment. The proposed standards consist of maximum daily energy consumption (MDEC) values as a function of either refrigerated volume or total display area (IDA). DOE proposes that the standards covered in this Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR), if adopted, would apply to all equipment listed in Table 1.1 of the NOPR and manufactured in, or imported into, the United States on or after 3 years after the publication

390

DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators DOE Proposes Higher Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators September 28, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced the release of a new proposed energy efficiency standard for residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers. The standard, as proposed, could save consumers as much as $18.6 billion over thirty years. The Obama Administration has made efficiency standards a major priority as a way to save energy and money for American families and businesses. Since January 2009, the Department of Energy has finalized new efficiency standards for more than twenty household and commercial products, which will cumulatively save consumers between $250 billion and

391

Managing EHS of PV-Related Equipment at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Managing environment, health, and safety (EHS) risks at a national laboratory, or university, can be intimidating to a researcher who is focused on research results. Laboratory research and development (R&D) operations are often driven by scientists with limited engineering support and lack well-refined equipment development resources. To add to the burden for a researcher, there is a plethora of codes, standards, and regulations that govern the safe installation and operation of photovoltaic-related R&D equipment -- especially those involving hazardous production materials. To help guide the researcher through the vast list of requirements, the EHS office at NREL has taken a variety of steps. Organizationally, the office has developed hazard-specific laboratory-level procedures to govern particular activities. These procedures are a distillation of appropriate international codes, fire agencies, SEMI standards, U.S. Department of Energy orders, and other industry standards to those necessary and sufficient to govern the safe operation of a given activity. The EHS office works proactively with researchers after a concept for a new R&D capability is conceived to help guide the safe design, acquisition, installation, and operation of the equipment. It starts with a safety assessment at the early stages such that requirements are implemented to determine the level of risk and degree of complexity presented by the activity so appropriate controls can be put in place to manage the risk. As the equipment requirements and design are refined, appropriate equipment standards are applied. Before the 'to-build' specifications are finalized, a process hazard analysis is performed to ensure that no single-point failure presents an unacceptable risk. Finally, as the tool goes through construction and installation stages, reviews are performed at logical times to ensure that the requisite engineering controls and design are in place and operational. Authorization to operate is not given until adherence to these requirements is fully verified and documented. Operations continue under the conditions defined through this process and are reviewed with changing processes.

McCuskey, T.; Nelson, B. P.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Cryogenic optical refrigeration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis compiles recent achievements in optical refrigeration, cooling a 5 wt. % ytterbium doped yttrium lithium fluoride (Yb+3:YLF) crystal through anti-Stokes fluorescence to a (more)

Melgaard, Seth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Multi-stage Cascaded Stirling Refrigerator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multi-stage Cascaded Stirling Refrigerator Multi-stage Cascaded Stirling Refrigerator Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) researchers have developed a multi-stage refrigerator,...

394

International Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510) July 20, 2012 DOE ordered International Refrigeration Products to pay an 8,000 civil penalty after finding International Refrigeration had...

395

Wellesley Municipal Light Plant - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wellesley Municipal Light Plant - Residential Energy Efficiency Wellesley Municipal Light Plant - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Wellesley Municipal Light Plant - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Maximum Rebate Two equipment rebates per customer per calendar year Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator: $100 Clothes Washing Machine: $75 Central AC: $100 Room AC Unit: $50 Dishwasher: $75 Dehumidifier: $50 Provider Appliance Rebate Program Wellesley Municipal Light Plant (WMLP) offers a number of appliance rebates to residential customers who purchase and install energy efficient equipment. Rebates are available for refrigerators, dishwashers, clothes

396

Definition: Reduced T&D Equipment Maintenance Cost | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

T&D Equipment Maintenance Cost T&D Equipment Maintenance Cost Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reduced T&D Equipment Maintenance Cost The cost of sending technicians into the field to check equipment condition is high. Moreover, to ensure that they maintain equipment sufficiently, and identify failure precursors, some utilities may conduct equipment testing and maintenance more often than is necessary. Online diagnosis and reporting of equipment condition would reduce or eliminate the need to send people out to check equipment resulting in a cost savings.[1] References ↑ SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Benefits' An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Reduced_T%26D_Equipment_Maintenance_Cost&oldid=417296"

397

US Department of Energys Regulatory Negotiations Convening...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Regulatory Negotiations Convening on Commercial Certification for Heating, Ventilating, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Equipment regnegonacconfidentiality.pdf More...

398

International Refrigeration: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-1510)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

International Refrigeration Products International Refrigeration Products (room air conditioners) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2012-CE-1510 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: July 9, 2012 Number of alleged violations: 5475 (365 days, 15 models) Maximum possible assessment: $1,095,000 Proposed civil penalty: $109,500 The U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") Office of the General Counsel, Office of Enforcement, alleges that International Refrigeration Products ("IRP") has violated cettain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. § 6291 et seq. ("the Act"), and 10 C.P.R. § 429.12. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. IRP has manufactured 1 a variety of Sea Breeze brand room air conditioners, including basic models WA46YR, WA48YRX, WA410YRX, WA412YRX, WH418ZRX,

399

EA-1138: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Assessment Proposed Energy Conservation Standards for Refrigerators, Refrigerator-Freezers, and Freezers This Environmental Assessment (EA) presents the associated...

400

Dynamic Modeling and Cascaded Control for a Multi-Evaporator Supermarket Refrigeration System.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The survey from US Department of Energy showed that about one-third of energy consumption in US is due to air conditioning and refrigeration systems. This (more)

Gupta, Ankush 1986-

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Refrigerator Efficiency in Ghana: Tailoring an appliance market transformation program design for Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

World Business Information: Refrigerators, URL: http://www.gobi.co.uk/page42.htm International Energy Agency (2005) IEA Energy Statistics,

Ben Hagan, Essel; Van Buskirk, Robert; Ofosu-Ahenkorah, Alfred; McNeil, Michael A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Energy Efficiency Program for Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Test Procedures for  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6/2/11 6/2/11 Comments to the following DOE Proposed Rules: 10 CFR Part 431 [Docket No. EERE-2010-BT-TP-0036] RIN 1904-AC38 Energy Efficiency Program for Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Test Procedures for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers Submitted by: Mary C. Howe, President, Howe Corporation, Chicago, IL 60642 mchowe@howecorp.com CORPORATION 1650 N Elston Ave * Chicago, IL. 60642 * (773) 235-0200 * Fax (773) 235-0269 * E-mail: howeinfo@howecorp.com 2 Item 1 - DOE also requests comment on the proposal that the use of amended test procedure be required upon the effective date of any test procedure final rule, 30 days after publication in the Federal Register. In the case of the addition of continuous production remote condenser ACIM's, the outside testing

403

Downhole pulse tube refrigerators  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes a preliminary design study to explore the plausibility of using pulse tube refrigeration to cool instruments in a hot down-hole environment. The original motivation was to maintain Dave Reagor`s high-temperature superconducting electronics at 75 K, but the study has evolved to include three target design criteria: cooling at 30 C in a 300 C environment, cooling at 75 K in a 50 C environment, cooling at both 75 K and 30 C in a 250 C environment. These specific temperatures were chosen arbitrarily, as representative of what is possible. The primary goals are low cost, reliability, and small package diameter. Pulse-tube refrigeration is a rapidly growing sub-field of cryogenic refrigeration. The pulse tube refrigerator has recently become the simplest, cheapest, most rugged and reliable low-power cryocooler. The authors expect this technology will be applicable downhole because of the ratio of hot to cold temperatures (in absolute units, such as Kelvin) of interest in deep drilling is comparable to the ratios routinely achieved with cryogenic pulse-tube refrigerators.

Swift, G.; Gardner, D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Condensed Matter and Thermal Physics Group

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) March 26, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that North Star Refrigerator Co., Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) More Documents & Publications

405

DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator July 8, 2010 - 3:12pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Whirlpool's Maytag refrigerator-freezer model "MSD2578VE." The Department opened this investigation and requested testing data from Whirlpool based on a complaint (April 12, 2010, "DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations"). After reviewing the data and testing this model, the Department has found the model to be compliant with the applicable efficiency standards and has closed the investigation. The Department takes credible allegations seriously and will continue to initiate investigations on products that are

406

Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342) Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342) February 21, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing Company, LLC failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Duracold Refrigeration Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5342)

407

DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator DOE Closes Investigation of Whirlpool's Maytag Refrigerator July 8, 2010 - 3:12pm Addthis The Department of Energy has closed its investigation into the energy efficiency of Whirlpool's Maytag refrigerator-freezer model "MSD2578VE." The Department opened this investigation and requested testing data from Whirlpool based on a complaint (April 12, 2010, "DOE Opens Three Investigations into Alleged Refrigerator Efficiency Violations"). After reviewing the data and testing this model, the Department has found the model to be compliant with the applicable efficiency standards and has closed the investigation. The Department takes credible allegations seriously and will continue to initiate investigations on products that are

408

North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) March 26, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that North Star Refrigerator Co., Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. North Star Refrigerator: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5355) More Documents & Publications

409

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.3 Heating, Cooling, and Ventilation Equipment  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 4 Halocarbon Environmental Coefficients and Principal Uses 100-Year Global Ozone Depletion Warming Potential Potential (ODP) Compound (CO2 = 1) (Relative to CFC-11) Principal Uses Chlorofluorocarbons CFC-11 1.00 Blowing Agent, Chillers CFC-12 (1) 1.00 Auto A/C, Chillers, & Blowing Agent CFC-113 0.80 Solvent CFC-114 1.00 Solvent CFC-115 (2) 0.60 Solvent, Refrigerant Hydrochlorofluorocarbons HCFC-22 (2) 0.06 Residential A/C HCFC-123 0.02 Refrigerant HCFC-124 0.02 Sterilant HCFC-141b 0.11 CFC Replacement HCFC-142b 0.07 CFC Replacement Bromofluorocarbons Halon-1211 3.00 Fire Extinguishers Halon-1301 10.00 Fire Extinguishers Hydrofluorocarbons HFC-23 0.00 HCFC Byproduct HFC-125 0.00 CFC/HCFC Replacement HFC-134a 0.00 Auto A/C, Refrigeration HFC-152a (1) 0.00 Aerosol Propellant HFC-227ea 0.00 CFC Replacement

410

Proceedings: Commercial Refrigeration Research Workshop  

SciTech Connect

Improving refrigeration systems for commercial use can enhance both utility load factors and supermarket profits. This workshop has pinpointed research needs in commercial refrigeration and systems integration for a supermarket environment.

None

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Waste Heat Recovery from Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heat recovery from refrigeration machines is a concept which has great potential for implementation in many businesses. If a parallel requirement for refrigeration and hot water exists, the installation of a system to provide hot water as a by...

Jackson, H. Z.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Progress towards Managing Residential Electricity Demand: Impacts of Standards and Labeling for Refrigerators and Air Conditioners in India  

SciTech Connect

The development of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling (EES&L) began in earnest in India in 2001 with the Energy Conservation Act and the establishment of the Indian Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE). The first main residential appliance to be targeted was refrigerators, soon to be followed by room air conditioners. Both of these appliances are of critical importance to India's residential electricity demand. About 15percent of Indian households own a refrigerator, and sales total about 4 million per year, but are growing. At the same time, the Indian refrigerator market has seen a strong trend towards larger and more consumptive frost-free units. Room air conditioners in India have traditionally been sold to commercial sector customers, but an increasing number are going to the residential sector. Room air conditioner sales growth in India peaked in the last few years at 20percent per year. In this paper, we perform an engineering-based analysis using data specific to Indian appliances. We evaluate costs and benefits to residential and commercial sector consumers from increased equipment costs and utility bill savings. The analysis finds that, while the BEE scheme presents net benefits to consumers, there remain opportunities for efficiency improvement that would optimize consumer benefits, according to Life Cycle Cost analysis. Due to the large and growing market for refrigerators and air conditioners in India, we forecast large impacts from the standards and labeling program as scheduled. By 2030, this program, if fully implemented would reduce Indian residential electricity consumption by 55 TWh. Overall savings through 2030 totals 385 TWh. Finally, while efficiency levels have been set for several years for refrigerators, labels and MEPS for these products remain voluntary. We therefore consider the negative impact of this delay of implementation to energy and financial savings achievable by 2030.

McNeil, Michael A.; Iyer, Maithili

2009-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

413

EA-1673: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Final Environmental Assessment 3: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1673: Final Environmental Assessment 10 CFR 431 Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for Commercial Heating, Air-Conditioning, and Water-Heating Equipment This chapter describes potential environmental effects that may result from amended energy conservation standards for certain equipment covered by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (ASHRAE)/Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) Standard 90.1. Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR 431 Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for Commercial Heating, Air-Conditioning, and Water-Heating

414

Refrigerator recycling and CFCs  

SciTech Connect

Utility-sponsored refrigerator and freezer pick-up programs have removed almost 900,000 inefficient appliances from the North American electric grid to date. While the CFC-12 refrigerant from the discarded appliances is typically removed and recycled, in all but a few programs the CFC-11 in the foam insulation is not. About a quarter-billion pounds of CFC-11 are banked in refrigerator foam in the United States. Release of this ``bank`` of CFC, combined with that from foam insulation used in buildings, will be the largest source of future emissions if preventive measures are not taken. Methods exist to recover the CFC for reuse or to destroy it by incineration. The task of recycling or destroying the CFCs and other materials from millions of refrigerators is a daunting challenge, but one in which utilities can play a leadership role. E Source believes that utilities can profitably serve as the catalyst for public-private partnerships that deliver comprehensive refrigerator recycling. Rather than treating such efforts solely as a DSM resource acquisition, utilities could position these programs as a multifaceted service delivery that offers convenient appliance removal for homeowners, a solid waste minimization service for landfills, a source of recycled materials for industry, and a CFC recovery and/or disposal service in support of the HVAC industry and society`s atmospheric protection goals and laws. Financial mechanisms could be developed through these public-private enterprises to ensure that utilities are compensated for the extra cost of fully recycling refrigerators, including the foam CFC.

Shepard, M.; Hawthorne, W.; Wilson, A.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

415

Refrigeration monitor and alarm system  

SciTech Connect

A monitor is described for a refrigeration system including a heat reclaiming system coupled therewith, comprising: a sensor positioned to detect the level of liquid state refrigerant in the system and provide an electrical output signal therefrom; a digital display for displaying the refrigerant level; first circuit means coupling the digital display to the sensor for actuating the digital display; and lockout means coupled with the sensor for deactivating the heat reclaiming system when a preselected refrigerant level is reached.

Branz, M.A.; Renaud, P.F.

1986-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

416

Helium dilution refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 1875" OD exchanger Qu ID copper cap Fig. 6. Assembled view of 3He - He dilution refrigerator. 26 The joint thru the tubing wall and the joining of the two sizes of capillary were silver soldered (35/ silver content). A 0. 250" OD tube... the inert atmosphere inside the refrigerator. After removal from the nitrogen atmosphere the graphite support, was 'attached to the still and mixing chamber using Stycast 2850 GT with catalyst g9 ). The mass of the graphite 26 support 1s 11. 62 grams...

McKee, Thomas Raymond

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

417

The Effect of Mail-in Utility Rebates on Willingness-to-Pay for ENERGY STAR \\(^{\\textregistered }\\) Certified Refrigerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The number and variety of governmental programs designed to promote energy efficiency have increased over time. Examples include mandatory minimum efficiency standards, subsidies for more energy efficient good...

Xiaogu Li; Christopher D. Clark; Kimberly L. Jensen

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Options for reducing refrigerant emissions from supermarket systems. Final report, February-September 1994  

SciTech Connect

The report was prepared to assist personnel responsible for the design, construction, and maintenance of retail food refrigeration equipment in making knowledgeable decisions regarding the implementation of refrigerant-emissions-reducing practices and technologies. It characterizes the design of typical supermarket refrigeration systems and focuses on why these types of systems have high rates of refrigerant emissions. Three case studies are provided of companies that have successfully implemented emission-reducing practices and technologies. The report discusses a variety of technical and procedural options that can be applied to existing systems and in new construction.

Troy, E.F.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

An Evaluation of the Environmental Impact of Different Commercial Supermarket Refrigeration Systems Using Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

SciTech Connect

Commercial refrigeration systems consumed 1.21 Quads of primary energy in 2010 and are known to be a major source for refrigerant charge leakage into the environment. Thus, it is important to study the environmental impact of commercial supermarket refrigeration systems and improve their design to minimize any adverse impacts. The system s Life Cycle Climate Performance (LCCP) was presented as a comprehensive metric with the aim of calculating the equivalent mass of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere throughout its lifetime, from construction to operation and destruction. In this paper, an open source tool for the evaluation of the LCCP of different air-conditioning and refrigeration systems is presented and used to compare the environmental impact of a typical multiplex direct expansion (DX) supermarket refrigeration systems based on three different refrigerants as follows: two hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants (R-404A, and R-407F), and a low global warming potential (GWP) refrigerant (N-40). The comparison is performed in 8 US cities representing different climates. The hourly energy consumption of the refrigeration system, required for the calculation of the indirect emissions, is calculated using a widely used building energy modeling tool (EnergyPlus). A sensitivity analysis is performed to determine the impact of system charge and power plant emission factor on the LCCP results. Finally, we performed an uncertainty analysis to determine the uncertainty in total emissions for both R-404A and N-40 operated systems. We found that using low GWP refrigerants causes a considerable drop in the impact of uncertainty in the inputs related to direct emissions on the uncertainty of the total emissions of the system.

Beshr, Mohamed [University of Maryland, College Park; Aute, Vikrant [University of Maryland, College Park; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Fricke, Brian A [ORNL; Radermacher, Reinhard [University of Maryland, College Park

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

The alternative refrigerant dilemma for refrigerator-freezers: Truth or consequences  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to select a refrigerant that has minimal impact on energy consumption and the environment, a screening analysis of potential refrigerants was performed that resulted in the selection of six candidates. The screening results show that R-134a, R-134, R-152a, R-134a/R-152a, R-22/R-152a/R-124, and R-134a/R-152a/R-124 are the most promising refrigerants based on the following criteria: ozone depletion potential, greenhouse warming potential, coefficient of performance, and safety. Energy consumption tests were performed for the three pure refrigerants in accordance with the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers standard for household refrigerators and household freezers. The results indicate an increased energy consumption of 6.8%, 7.3%, and 7.3%, respectively for R-134, R-152a, and R-134a in the most efficient oil. However, when the effects of compressor efficiency are taken into account, the normalized energy consumption results in an increase of only 2.7% for R-152a and 5.5% for both R-134a and R-134. 14 refs., 5 tabs.

Vineyard, E.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Waste Heat Recapture from Supermarket Refrigeration Systems  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to determine the potential energy savings associated with improved utilization of waste heat from supermarket refrigeration systems. Existing and advanced strategies for waste heat recovery in supermarkets were analyzed, including options from advanced sources such as combined heat and power (CHP), micro-turbines and fuel cells.

Fricke, Brian A [ORNL

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Covered Product Category: Refrigerated Beverage Vending Machines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FEMP provides acquisition guidance and Federal efficiency requirements across a variety of product categories, including refrigerated beverage vending machines, which are covered by the ENERGY STAR program. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

423

Using measured equipment load profiles to 'right-size' HVACsystems and reduce energy use in laboratory buildings (Pt. 2)  

SciTech Connect

There is a general paucity of measured equipment load datafor laboratories and other complex buildings and designers often useestimates based on nameplate rated data or design assumptions from priorprojects. Consequently, peak equipment loads are frequentlyoverestimated, and load variation across laboratory spaces within abuilding is typically underestimated. This results in two design flaws.Firstly, the overestimation of peak equipment loads results in over-sizedHVAC systems, increasing initial construction costs as well as energy usedue to inefficiencies at low part-load operation. Secondly, HVAC systemsthat are designed without accurately accounting for equipment loadvariation across zones can significantly increase simultaneous heatingand cooling, particularly for systems that use zone reheat fortemperature control. Thus, when designing a laboratory HVAC system, theuse of measured equipment load data from a comparable laboratory willsupport right-sizing HVAC systems and optimizing their configuration tominimize simultaneous heating and cooling, saving initial constructioncosts as well as life-cycle energy costs.In this paper, we present datafrom recent studies to support the above thesis. We first presentmeasured equipment load data from two sources: time-series measurementsin several laboratory modules in a university research laboratorybuilding; and peak load data for several facilities recorded in anational energy benchmarking database. We then contrast this measureddata with estimated values that are typically used for sizing the HVACsystems in these facilities, highlighting the over-sizing problem. Next,we examine the load variation in the time series measurements and analyzethe impact of this variation on energy use, via parametric energysimulations. We then briefly discuss HVAC design solutions that minimizesimultaneous heating and cooling energy use.

Mathew, Paul; Greenberg, Steve; Frenze, David; Morehead, Michael; Sartor, Dale; Starr, William

2005-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

424

A Research Into a New Method of Refrigeration Charging and the Effects of Improper Charging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A RESEARCH INTO A NEW METHOD OF REFRIGERATION CHARGING AND THE EFFECTS OF IMPROPER CHARGING John Houcek Principal The Houcek Company Dallas, Texas Marvin Thedford Supervisor of Technical Services Research rexas Power & Light Company Dallas... conditioning and refrigeration equipment utilizing capillary tube or other fixed-orifice meter- ing devices at other than optimum conditions has long been a seriouri problem. With the advent of high ef- ficiency coo1:lng equipment this problem has become...

Houcek, J.; Thedford, M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Refrigeration  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Refrigeration The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative: GHG Emissions from Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Agency/Company /Organization: World Resources Institute, World Business Council for Sustainable Development Sector: Energy, Climate Focus Area: Greenhouse Gas Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.ghgprotocol.org/calculation-tools/all-tools Cost: Free References: Refrigerant Guide[1] The Greenhouse Gas Protocol tool for refrigeration is a free Excel spreadsheet calculator designed to calculate GHG emissions specifically

426

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

mail mail u.s. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Proposed Action Title: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) for Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment (RIN: 1904-AC19) Program or Field Office: EERE - Buildings Technology Program Location(s) (City/County/State): NfA Proposed Action Description: DOE proposes to adopt amended energy conservation standards for commercial refrigeration equipment. The proposed standards consist of maximum daily energy consumption (MDEC) values as a function of either refrigerated volume or total display area (IDA). DOE proposes that the standards covered in this NQPR, if adopted, would apply to all equipment listed in Table 1.1 of the NOPR and manufactured in, or imported

427

Update and Overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Rulemakings for ASHRAE 90.1 Equipment Presentation, dated June 26, 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is the U.S. Department of Energys presentation titled Update and Overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Rulemakings for ASHRAE 90.1 Equipment?, date 6/26/2011.

428

List of Whole House Fans Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Whole House Fans Incentives Whole House Fans Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 26 Whole House Fans Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 26) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives (Iowa) Utility Rebate Program Iowa Agricultural Agricultural Equipment Ceiling Fan Clothes Washers Custom/Others pending approval Dishwasher Doors Heat recovery Lighting Motor VFDs Motors Refrigerators Water Heaters Windows Whole House Fans Room Air Conditioners Ground Source Heat Pumps Yes Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives (Minnesota) Utility Rebate Program Minnesota Agricultural Agricultural Equipment

429

Federal Register Vol. 76 No. 44, 12422-12505- Energy Conservation Program: Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement for Consumer Products and Commercial and Industrial Equipment (March 7, 2011)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Federal Register Vol. 76 No. 44, 12422-12505 - Energy Conservation Program: Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement for Consumer Products and Commercial and Industrial Equipment (March 7, 2011)....

430

U.S. Department of Energy-Funded Performance Validation of Fuel Cell Material Handling Equipment (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This webinar presentation to the UK Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association summarizes how the U.S. Department of Energy is enabling early fuel cell markets; describes objectives of the National Fuel Cell Technology Evaluation Center; and presents performance status of fuel cell material handling equipment.

Kurtz, J.; Sprik, S.; Ramsden, T.; Saur, G.; Ainscough, C.; Post, M.; Peters, M.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Control of CO2 emission through enhancing energy efficiency of auxiliary power equipment in thermal power plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper describes the results of energy efficiency enhancement in 23 numbers of 210MW coal fired power plants spread over India. Energy efficiency improvement of major auxiliary equipment with different plant load factors are summarized here with improved performance. The effect of plant load factor on all major auxiliary equipment and improvement in performance of auxiliary equipment are discussed in this paper. Operation of the plant at improved plant load factor reduced the specific auxiliary power from 11.23% at 70% PLF to 8.74% at 100% PLF that reduced the net auxiliary power by 9.1MU/year that is an equivalent reduction of CO2 emission by 9500t/year. Optimizing the excess air, controlling the furnace ingress, enhanced energy efficiency of individual equipment by proper maintenance, etc., improves the plant capacity and reduces the overall auxiliary power by about 1.52.1% of gross energy generation i.e., equivalent CO2 reduction of 23,00032,400t/year and release an additional power of about 3.5MW (for a typical one 210MW power plant) into grid.

Rajashekar P. Mandi; Udaykumar R. Yaragatti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.3 Heating, Cooling, and Ventilation Equipment  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 2 Main Commercial Heating and Cooling Equipment as of 1995, 1999, and 2003 (Percent of Total Floorspace) (1) Heating Equipment 1995 1999 2003 (2) Cooling Equipment 1995 1999 2003 (2) Packaged Heating Units 29% 38% 28% Packaged Air Conditioning Units 45% 54% 46% Boilers 29% 29% 32% Individual Air Conditioners 21% 21% 19% Individual Space Heaters 29% 26% 19% Central Chillers 19% 19% 18% Furnaces 25% 21% 30% Residential Central Air Conditioners 16% 12% 17% Heat Pumps 10% 13% 14% Heat Pumps 12% 14% 14% District Heat 10% 8% 8% District Chilled Water 4% 4% 4% Other 11% 6% 5% Swamp Coolers 4% 3% 2% Other 2% 2% 2% Note(s): Source(s): 1) Heating and cooling equipment percentages of floorspace total more than 100% since equipment shares floorspace. 2) Malls are no longer included in most CBECs tables; therefore, some data is not directly comparable to past CBECs.

433

An experimental analysis of cycling losses in domestic refrigerator-freezers  

SciTech Connect

This paper identifies and quantifies the cycling losses in a domestic refrigerator-freezer. During cycling operation the refrigerator was found to operate between 5% and 25% less efficiently than the corresponding quasi-steady machine. The cycling refrigerator operates with an evaporator capacity between 3% and 17% less than that of the quasi-steady refrigerator while at the same time requiring between 1% and 9% more power to operate. This refrigerator performance degradation was attributed to several factors, the most important being the refrigerant migration and the thermal mass of the evaporator and compressor. During the off-cycle, refrigerant migrates from the condenser to the evaporator as the system pressures equalize. The off-cycle migration increases the temperature of the evaporator and necessitates refrigerant redistribution during the on-cycle and thereby tends to reduce system performance. The increased power requirements, traced to the compressor, result from slight differences in system pressure and the reduced compressor efficiency due to a cool compressor. With the cycling losses identified, several possible refrigerator design changes were suggested. It appears that a refrigerator equipped with a reciprocating compressor, solenoid valves to isolate the condenser, and no accumulator should operate in a nearly quasi-steady manner.

Coulter, W.H. [DuPont Co., Belle, WV (United States); Bullard, C.W. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Center

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

434

Optimization of Industrial Refrigeration Plants: Including a Case Study at Stonyfield Farm Yogurt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MARKET Table 1 below presents information on the manufacturing industries that are intensive in process cooling and refrigeration (PC&R) energy consumption as monitored by the US Energy Information Administration (EIA). The information in Table 1... Expansion (DX), Pumped Liquid Overfeed, Flooded shell and tube and Plate heat exchangers. Evaporators in the refrigerated space can contribute as much as 10 to 15% of the energy consumption in an industrial refrigeration system and therefore...

Dixon, R.; McCowan, B.; Drake, L.; Epstein, G.; D'Antonio, M.; Moray, S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

E-Print Network 3.0 - authority refrigerator replacement Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: generally replacing their old refrigerator with a larger capacity unit. Rising energy prices and heightened... -95d DEVELOPMENT OF A HIGH EFFICIENCY,...

436

E-Print Network 3.0 - arti refrigerant database Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-- &i Supplementary Laboratory Testing William M. Toscano... ENERGY-EFFICIENT SUPERMARKET REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS VOLUME 2 SUPPLEMENTAL ... Source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory -...

437

Appliance Energy Consumption in Australia | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Appliance Energy Consumption in Australia Appliance Energy Consumption in Australia Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Appliance Energy Consumption in Australia Focus Area: Appliances & Equipment Topics: Policy Impacts Website: www.energyrating.gov.au/resources/program-publications/?viewPublicatio Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/appliance-energy-consumption-australi DeploymentPrograms: Industry Codes & Standards Regulations: Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling The document sets out the equations necessary to calculate the star rating index for appliances that carry an energy label in Australia. Equations for new air conditioner and refrigerator algorithms from April 2010 are included. Televisions, which have carried a mandatory energy label from

438

Energy Comparison Vacuum Producing Equipment - Mechanical Vacuum Pumps vs. Steam Ejectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vacuum on condensers, process reactors, or equipment and processes requiring subatmospheric conditions, has been to utilize steam ejectors. Due to the inherent operating inefficiency and wastefulness of the steam ejector, coupled with the rapidly...

Foisy, E. C.; Munkittrick, M. T.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Property:On-Site fabrication capability/equipment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

On-Site fabrication capability/equipment On-Site fabrication capability/equipment Jump to: navigation, search Property Name On-Site fabrication capability/equipment Property Type Text Pages using the property "On-Site fabrication capability/equipment" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Alden Large Flume + Full on-site carpentry, machine, and instrumentation shops Alden Small Flume + Full on-site carpentry, machine, and instrumentation shops Alden Tow Tank + Full on-site carpentry, machine, and instrumentation shops Alden Wave Basin + Full on-site carpentry, machine, and instrumentation shops C Chase Tow Tank + There is a machine shop in the Laboratory Conte Large Flume + Full carpentry shop with welding and machining capabilities Conte Small Flume + Full carpentry shop with welding and machining capabilities

440

Multilayer Thermionic Refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

A review is presented of our program to construct an efficient solid state refrigerator based on thermionic emission of electrons over periodic barriers in the solid. The experimental program is to construct a simple device with one barrier layer using a three layers: metal-semiconductor-metal. The theoretical program is doing calculations to determine: (i) the optimal layer thickness, and (ii) the thermal conductivity.

Mahan, G.D.

1999-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Energy-efficiency labels and standards: A guidebook for appliances, equipment and lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

organizations, and energy suppliers), for identifying theirmanufacturers, energy suppliers, the national economy, andon manufacturers, energy suppliers, and the general economy.

McMahon, James E.; Wiel, Stephen

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

organizations, and energy suppliers), for identifying theirmanufacturers, energy suppliers, the national economy, andon manufacturers, energy suppliers, and the general economy.

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Miniature liquid?3He refrigerator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of a cryopump and high?pressure internal storage of the cryogen makes it possible to miniaturize a one?shot recyclable 3He refrigerator while at the same time improving its performance. Because of their simplified interface requirements such refrigerators are readily incorporated into existing 4He cryostats allowing a convenient extension of their operating range down to 0.3 K. An analysis of the parameters describing refrigerator performance (condensation time heat transfer to the 4He bath lifetime and refrigeration power) leads to the definition of an optimized refrigerator. Measured performance characteristics of a miniature [2?l standard temperature and pressure (STP) of 3He] refrigerator used in laboratory and stratospheric balloon?borne experiments are given.

J. P. Torre; G. Chanin

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Federal Energy Management Program: Energy and Cost Savings Calculators for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Cost Savings Calculators for Energy-Efficient Products and Cost Savings Calculators for Energy-Efficient Products The energy and cost calculators below allow Federal agencies to enter their own input values (such as utility rates, hours of use) to estimate energy and cost savings for energy-efficient products. Some are Web-based tools; others are Excel spreadsheets provided by ENERGY STAR® for download. Lighting Compact Fluorescent Lamps Exit Signs Commercial and Industrial Equipment Commercial Unitary Air Conditioners Air-Cooled Chillers Commercial Heat Pumps Boilers Food Service Equipment Dishwashers Freezers Fryers Griddles Hot Food Holding Cabinets Ovens Refrigerators Steam Cookers Ice Machines Office Equipment Computers, Monitors, and Imaging Equipment Appliances Dishwashers Clothes Washers Residential Equipment Central Air Conditioners

445

An electric utility's adventures in commercial refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

This article provides a look at the history of energy conservation efforts in supermarket refrigeration from World War II to the present and a goal for the future. A supermarket is a low profit margin business, typically netting 1 percent on annual sales. The typical supermarket's annual electric bill equals or exceeds the annual profits. With all of these data, it looked like energy conservation in the supermarket industry was going to be an easy task. Change the lighting to a more energy-efficient system and lower the head pressure and raise the suction pressure in the refrigeration. Any owner, CEO, or general manager who could easily increase his bottom-line profit by 10 to 30 percent would jump at the opportunity, especially when the electric utility was willing to support a portion of the cost for the changes.

Flannick, J.A. (Wisconsin Electric Co., Milwaukee, WI (United States)); Stamm, R.H. (Industrial Refrigeration, Sandy, OR (United States)); Calle, M.M. (Technical Resources, Inc., Milwaukee, WI (United States)); Gomolla, J.C. (Gomolla (Jerry C.), Milwaukee, WI (United States))

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Update and Overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Rulemakings for ASHRAE 90.1 Equipment Presentation, dated June 26, 2011  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Program eere.energy.gov BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Update and Overview of DOE Rulemakings for ASHRAE 90.1 Equipment Ashley Armstrong Department of Energy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 6/26/2011 Introduction and Background 1 Introduction and Background Status of Current DOE ASHRAE 90.1 Equipment Rulemaking 2 Update and Overview for Individual ASHRAE 90.1 Equipment Types 3 2 | Building Technologies Program eere.energy.gov Introduction and Background * The "ASHRAE Trigger": - EPCA directs DOE to review its minimum standards for certain commercial and industrial equipment whenever ASHRAE Standard 90.1 is amended with respect to such equipment. (42 USC 6313(a)(6)(A)) - The "ASHRAE Trigger" requires DOE review when ASHRAE

447

A Global Review of Incentive Programs to Accelerate Energy-Efficient Appliances and Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

implemented to meet the energy supplier obligation. Utilityrequires domestic energy suppliers to avoid the emission of

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Compliance, Certification and Enforcement for US Appliance and Equipment Energy Efficiency Programs by US DOE  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Information about energy and water conservation standards, ENERGY STAR, and compliance and certification enforcement.

449

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.3 Heating, Cooling, and Ventilation Equipment  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 Residential Boiler Efficiencies (1) Gas-Fired Boilers Oil-Fired Boilers Average shipped in 1985 (2): 74% AFUE Average shipped in 1985 (2): 79% AFUE Best Available in 1981: 81% AFUE Best Available in 1981: 86% AFUE Best Available in 2007: 96% AFUE Best Available in 2007: 89% AFUE Note(s): Source(s): 1) Federal appliance standards effective Jan. 1, 1992, require a minimum of 80% AFUE (except gas-fired steam boiler, which must have a 75% AFUE or higher). 2) Includes furnaces. GAMA, Consumer's Directory of Certified Efficiency Ratings for Residential Heating and Water Heating Equipment, Aug. 2005, p. 88 and 106 for best- available AFUE; and GAMA for 1985 average AFUEs; GAMA Tax Credit Eligible Equipment: Gas- and Oil-Fired Boilers 95% AFUE or Greater, May 2007; and GAMA Consumer's Directory of Certified Efficiency Ratings for Heating and Water Heating Equipment, May 2007

450

Standards and Codes | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Specification for Parking Lots Lighten Energy Load Refrigerator Standards Refrigerator Standards Save Consumers Billions Tools EnergyPlus Whole Building Simulation Program...

451

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-GWP Refrigerants Mark O. McLinden National Institute of Standards and Technology markm@boulder.nist.gov; 303-497-3580 April 3, 2013 Optimization Fluid Modeling Cycle Modeling Final Candidates Optimum Thermo Parameters 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: HFC refrigerants face restrictions: U.S./Canada/Mexico proposal to Montreal Protocol (85 % cut) EU regulations likely on all application areas (79 % cut)

452

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-GWP Refrigerants Mark O. McLinden National Institute of Standards and Technology markm@boulder.nist.gov; 303-497-3580 April 3, 2013 Optimization Fluid Modeling Cycle Modeling Final Candidates Optimum Thermo Parameters 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: HFC refrigerants face restrictions: U.S./Canada/Mexico proposal to Montreal Protocol (85 % cut) EU regulations likely on all application areas (79 % cut)

453

E-Print Network 3.0 - adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

refrigerator Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator...

454

The Proof is in the Pudding: How Refrigerator Standards Have Saved  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Proof is in the Pudding: How Refrigerator Standards Have Saved The Proof is in the Pudding: How Refrigerator Standards Have Saved Consumers $Billions The Proof is in the Pudding: How Refrigerator Standards Have Saved Consumers $Billions July 11, 2011 - 12:33pm Addthis Today’s refrigerators have been designed to save energy and money without detriment to capacity, functionality, or extra features. | Image source: Building Technologies Program Today's refrigerators have been designed to save energy and money without detriment to capacity, functionality, or extra features. | Image source: Building Technologies Program Roland Risser Roland Risser Program Director, Building Technologies Office What does this mean for me? Today's refrigerators use only about 25 percent of the energy compared to models built in 1975. They've also increased in size by almost 20 percent, with lots of

455

The Proof is in the Pudding: How Refrigerator Standards Have Saved  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Proof is in the Pudding: How Refrigerator Standards Have Saved The Proof is in the Pudding: How Refrigerator Standards Have Saved Consumers $Billions The Proof is in the Pudding: How Refrigerator Standards Have Saved Consumers $Billions July 11, 2011 - 12:33pm Addthis Today’s refrigerators have been designed to save energy and money without detriment to capacity, functionality, or extra features. | Image source: Building Technologies Program Today's refrigerators have been designed to save energy and money without detriment to capacity, functionality, or extra features. | Image source: Building Technologies Program Roland Risser Roland Risser Program Director, Building Technologies Office What does this mean for me? Today's refrigerators use only about 25 percent of the energy compared to models built in 1975. They've also increased in size by almost 20 percent, with lots of

456

Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Refrigerant Choices in Room Air Conditioner Units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, potential replacement refrigerants for window-mounted room air conditioners (RACs) in the U.S. have been evaluated using a greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions analysis. ... De Kleine, R. D.; Keoleian, G. A.; Kelly, J. C.Optimal replacement of residential air conditioning equipment to minimize energy, greenhouse gas emissions, and consumer cost in the US Energy Policy 2011, 39, 3144 3153 ... Most of the inventory data have been collected from Thailand, except for the upstream of fuel oil and fuel transmission, which have been computed from Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation version 1.7 and Global Emission Model for Integrated Systems version 4.3. ...

Michael D. Galka; James M. Lownsbury; Paul Blowers

2012-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

457

Sample Environment Equipment Categories - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home › Instruments › Sample Environment Home › Instruments › Sample Environment Sample Environment: Categories of Equipment All Ancillary Equipment Auto Changer Closed Cycle Refrigerators Closed Cycle Refrigerators - Bottom Loading Closed Cycle Refrigerators - Top Loading Furnaces Gas Handling Gas Panel High Pressure Systems Liquid Helium Cryostats Magnet Systems Other Special Environments Sample Cell Sample Stick Ultra Low Temperature Devices Sample Environment: by Beam Line All BL-11A-POWGEN BL-11B-MANDI BL-12-TOPAZ BL-13-Fundamental Neutron Physics Beam Line BL-14A-BL-14A BL-14B-HYSPEC BL-15-Neutron Spin Echo (NSE) BL-16B-VISION BL-17-SEQUOIA BL-18-ARCS BL-1A-TOF-USANS BL-1B-NOMAD BL-2-BASIS BL-3-SNAP BL-4A-Magnetism Reflectometer BL-4B-Liquids Reflectometer BL-5-Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer (CNCS) BL-6-EQ-SANS

458

A Global Review of Incentive Programs to Accelerate Energy-Efficient Appliances and Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

case in the UK, where the energy market is liberalized andScoping Study on Energy-Efficiency Market Transformation bymarket barriers to energy efficiency, market concentration,

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

HPBA Comments NOPR on Energy Conservation Standards for Direct Heating Equipment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Hearth, Patio & Barbecue Association (HPBA) provides these comments in response to the Department of Energy (DOE) Notice of Proposed Rulemaking entitled Energy Conservation Program: Energy...

460

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purchasing 10.3.7 Energy-Audit Programs 10.3.8 ConsumerGovernment Purchasing Energy Audits, Retrofits Consumergovernment purchasing, energy audits, and consumer education

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refrigeration equipment energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Promoting Residential Energy Efficiency. Washington, D.C. ,Role of Building Energy Efficiency in Managing AtmosphericConference on Energy Efficiency in Domestic Appliances and

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

International Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20585 WASHINGTON, D.C. 20585 Case Number: 2012-CE-1510 International Refrigeration Products, Respondent ) ) ) ) ) ) ORDER Issued: July 20, 2012 By the General Counsel, U.S. Department of Energy: 1. In this Order, I adopt the attached Compromise Agreement entered into between the U.S. Department of Energy ("DOE") and International Refrigeration Products ("Respondent"). The Compromise Agreement resolves the case initiated to pursue a civil penalty for violations of the compliance certification requirements located at 10 C.P.R. § 429.12. 2. DOE and Respondent have negotiated the terms of the Compromise Agreement that resolve this matter. A copy of the Compromise Agreement is attached hereto and incorporated by reference. 3. After reviewing the terms of the Compromise Agreement and evaluating the facts

463

District of Columbia | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puget Sound Energy - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Puget Sound Energy - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs Puget Sound Energy's (PSE) Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs offer a variety of incentives for customers who purchase energy efficient appliances and equipment. Rebates include furnaces, boilers, air-source heat pumps, ductless heat pumps, geothermal heat pumps, insulation, energy audits, clothes washers, light fixtures, appliance recycling, refrigerators, equipment conversions, water heaters, and heating equipment upgrades. Some rebates vary according to the capacity or efficiency of equipment. October 16, 2013 Puget Sound Energy - Portable Classroom Energy Efficient Controls Rebate Program Puget Sound Energy's (PSE) Portable Classroom Controls Rebate program offers rebates to school customers who upgrade portable classroom controls

464

Duke University Laboratory Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prior to transport includes, but is not limited to the following: refrigerators, freezers, centrifuges

Wolpert, Robert L

465

Modular thermoacoustic refrigerator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A thermoacousticrefrigerator was built to explore scaling to large heat flux. The refrigerator was constructed according to a modular design so that various stack heat exchanger and resonator sections are easily interchangeable. The resonator is driven by a commercial 10?in. woofer. Initial tests using pure helium gas as the working fluid and steel honeycomb (0.8?mm cell) for the stack pumped 60 W of heat against a 10?C temperature gradient. Measurements of heat flux and efficiency will be reported as functions of stack structure (e.g. pore size and shape) and will be compared with theoretical predictions.

Steven R. Murrell; George Mozurkewich

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

The refrigerator revolution  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses how a simple, new technology threw the best-laid plans of the chemical and refrigerator industries into disarray-and provided a new perspective on how future environmental agreements can be reached. In recent years, a series of massive business mergers has mesmerized the industrial world. However in the early 1990s a German environmentalist, triggered global reprocussions in the wake of the mandate to phase out the use of ozone depleting substances. The economic and political background of this is explained in detail.

Ayres, E.; French, H.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

HVAC's Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Comfort by Design Steve Jones Commercial Sales Manager for Mitsubishi Southwest Business Unit HVAC?s Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) Technology HVAC Industry Overview HVAC Market Dollar Volume $18 Billion Source:;NABH Research....2M Systems Ductless is a small percent of the U.S. HVAC market but current building and energy usage trends indicate a large growth opportunity Determining the Proper Application Worldwide Usage-Opportunity Window Unitary Chillers...

Jones, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Semiconductor-based optical refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Optical refrigerators using semiconductor material as a cooling medium, with layers of material in close proximity to the cooling medium that carries away heat from the cooling material and preventing radiation trapping. In addition to the use of semiconducting material, the invention can be used with ytterbium-doped glass optical refrigerators.

Epstein, Richard I. (Santa Fe, NM); Edwards, Bradley C. (Nekoosa, WI); Sheik-Bahae, Mansoor (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Compressor calorimeter performance of refrigerant blends: Comparative methods and results for a refrigerator/freezer application  

SciTech Connect

A protocol was developed to define calorimeter operating pressures for nonazeotropic refrigerant mixtures (NARMs) which corresponded with the saturated evaporator and condenser temperatures commonly used for pure refrigerants. Compressor calorimeter results were obtained using this equivalent-mean-temperature (EMT) approach and a generally applied Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM) procedure at conditions characteristic of a domestic refrigerator-freezer application. Tests with R-12 and two NARMs indicate that compressor volumetric and isentropic efficiencies are nearly the same for refrigerants with similar capacities and pressure ratios. The liquid-line temperature conditions specified in the AHAM calorimeter rating procedure for refrigerator-freezer compressors were found to preferentially derate NARM performance relative to R-12. Conversion of calorimeter data taken with a fixed liquid-line temperature to a uniform minimal level of condenser subcooling is recommended as a fairer procedure when NARMs are involved. Compressor energy-efficiency-ratio (EER) and capacity data measured as a result of the EMT approach were compared to system performance calculated using an equivalent-heat-exchanger-loading (EHXL) protocol based on a Lorenz-Meutzner (L-M) refrigerator-freezer modeling program. The EHXL protocol was used to transform the calorimeter results into a more relevant representation of potential L-M cycle performance. The EMT method used to set up the calorimeter tests and the AHAM liquid-line conditions combined to significantly understate the cycle potential of NARMs relative to that predicted at the more appropriate EHXL conditions. Compressor conditions representative of larger heat exchanger sizes were also found to give a smaller L-M cycle advantage relative to R-12.

Rice, C K; Sand, J R

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Malone cycle refrigerator development  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the progress made in demonstrating a Malone Cycle Refrigerator/Freezer. The Malone cycle is similar to the Stirling cycle but uses a supercritical fluid in place of real gas. In the approach, solid-metal diaphragms are used to seal and sweep the working volumes against the high working fluid pressures required in Malone cycle machines. This feature eliminates the friction and leakage that accounted for nearly half the losses in the best piston-defined Malone cycle machines built to date. The authors successfully built a Malone cycle refrigerator that: (1) used CO{sub 2} as the working fluid, (2) operated at pressures up to 19.3 Mpa (2,800 psi), (3) achieved a cold end metal temperatures of {minus}29 C ({minus}20 F), and (4) produced over 400 Watts of cooling at near ambient temperatures. The critical diaphragm components operated flawlessly throughout characterization and performance testing, supporting the conclusion of high reliability based on analysis of fatigue date and actual strain measurements.

Shimko, M.A.; Crowley, C.J.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Helium dilution refrigeration system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A helium dilution refrigeration system operable over a limited time period, and recyclable for a next period of operation. The refrigeration system is compact with a self-contained pumping system and heaters for operation of the system. A mixing chamber contains .sup.3 He and .sup.4 He liquids which are precooled by a coupled container containing .sup.3 He liquid, enabling the phase separation of a .sup.3 He rich liquid phase from a dilute .sup.3 He-.sup.4 He liquid phase which leads to the final stage of a dilution cooling process for obtaining low temperatures. The mixing chamber and a still are coupled by a fluid line and are maintained at substantially the same level with the still cross sectional area being smaller than that of the mixing chamber. This configuration provides maximum cooling power and efficiency by the cooling period ending when the .sup.3 He liquid is depleted from the mixing chamber with the mixing chamber nearly empty of liquid helium, thus avoiding unnecessary and inefficient cooling of a large amount of the dilute .sup.3 He-.sup.4 He liquid phase.

Roach, Patrick R. (Darien, IL); Gray, Kenneth E. (Naperville, IL)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Comment submitted by the North American Association of Food Equipment Manufacturers (NAFEM) regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

From: Charlie Souhrada [mailto:csouhrada@nafem.org] From: Charlie Souhrada [mailto:csouhrada@nafem.org] Sent: Monday, May 09, 2011 3:46 PM To: ESTAR_Verification_Testing Subject: Verification Testing Sample Size On behalf of the North American Association of Food Equipment Manufacturers (NAFEM), thank you for the opportunity to comment on the April 22 document, "DOE Verification Testing in Support of ENERGY STAR". Based on review of the contents, NAFEM encourages DOE/EPA administration to note the following: * Commercial foodservice equipment (CFE) is produced and sold in relatively low volumes, making this product category significantly different from residential appliances. Grouping CFE with residential appliances is both technically inaccurate and economically impractical because the

473

Dry dilution refrigerator with 4He-1K-loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we summarize experimental work on cryogen-free 3He/4He dilution refrigerators which, in addition to the dilution refrigeration circuit, are equipped with a 4He-1K-stage. This type of DR becomes worth considering when high cooling capacities are needed at T ~ 1 K to cool cold amplifiers and heat sink cables. In our application, the motivation for the construction of this type of cryostat was to do experiments on superconducting quantum circuits for quantum information technology and quantum simulations. In other work, DRs with 1K-stage were proposed for astro-physical cryostats. For neutron scattering research, a top-loading cryogen-free DR with 1K-stage was built which was equipped with a standard commercial dilution refrigeration insert. Cooling powers of up to 100 mW have been reached with our 1K-stage, but higher refrigeration powers were achieved with more powerful pulse tube cryocoolers and higher 4He circulation rates in the 1K-loop. Several different versions of a 1K-loop have been test...

Uhlig, Kurt

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Edinburgh Research Explorer A stand-alone solar adsorption refrigerator for humanitarian aid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Edinburgh Research Explorer A stand-alone solar adsorption refrigerator for humanitarian aid stand-alone solar adsorption refrigerator for humanitarian aid' Solar energy, vol 100, pp. 172-178., 10 as postprint) Published In: Solar energy General rights Copyright for the publications made accessible via

Edinburgh, University of

475

A Global Review of Incentive Programs to Accelerate Energy-Efficient Appliances and Equipment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Energy Efficiency Programs: Best Practices, TechnicalBest Practices in Designing and Implementing Energy EfficiencyEnergy Efficiency Improvements: A Review of Current Programs Challenges, Opportunities, and Best Practices.

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy-efficient lighting technologies in seven countries: Argentina,5455 Argentina, 19t, 92 ASEAN Center for Energy (ACE), 275

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook for Appliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

minimum efficiency standards, initiated in 1989, was strengthened by the Energy Conservation Law in 1997, which put end- use energy efficiency and standards

Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

The application of Stirling cooler to refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

The application field of the free-piston Stirling Cooler, Model 100A of Global Cooling BV in the refrigeration has been studied. The cooling effectiveness of the free-piston Stirling Cooler which means small capacity with better efficiency, large range of temperature and capacity modulated operation is of much use to cool a space insulated well. One practicable application is suggested here, in which FPSC and secondary heat transfer fluid are used to the single temperature refrigerator (60 liter) instead of conventional vapor compression machines. In the freezer operation at {minus}20 C inside cabinet, the steady-state test results show 25% improvement in energy consumption over original one. The application of free-piston Stirling Cooler to a freezer at lower temperature shows great potentials also.

Kim, S.Y.; Chung, W.S.; Shin, D.K.; Cho, K.S. [LG Electronics Inc., Seoul (Korea, Republic of). Living System Lab.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

479

IMPACTS OF REFRIGERANTLINE LENGTH ON SYSTEM EFFICIENCY IN RESIDENTIAL HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEMS USING REFRIGERANT DISTRIBUTION.  

SciTech Connect

The effects on system efficiency of excess refrigerant line length are calculated for an idealized residential heating and cooling system. By excess line length is meant refrigerant tubing in excess of the 25 R provided for in standard equipment efficiency test methods. The purpose of the calculation is to provide input for a proposed method for evaluating refrigerant distribution system efficiency. A refrigerant distribution system uses refrigerant (instead of ducts or pipes) to carry heat and/or cooling effect from the equipment to the spaces in the building in which it is used. Such systems would include so-called mini-splits as well as more conventional split systems that for one reason or another have the indoor and outdoor coils separated by more than 25 ft. This report performs first-order calculations of the effects on system efficiency, in both the heating and cooling modes, of pressure drops within the refrigerant lines and of heat transfer between the refrigerant lines and the space surrounding them.

ANDREWS, J.W.

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Educated and Equipped: Energy Literacy for Women Veterans A Strong Economic Future  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Veterans have specific skill sets that benefit the energy technical sector, and veterans high reliability and priority on safety make them desired hires in the energy sector. Energy jobs continue service for the country, increasing national security through energy independence and contributing to the American economy.