National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for reform overseas assignment

  1. Overseas Assignments | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014DepartmentCouncilOfficeBudget OurOutdoorOverseas

  2. An analysis of the impact of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 on the congressional committee assignment process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Velasco, John R. (John Richard)

    2006-01-01

    With the passage of the 2002 Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA), a flurry of research has been conducted on the impact on political parties. However, there exists a gap in the research regarding the impact of the ...

  3. Handbook on Overseas Assignments | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLforLDRD Report11, SolarMatFermiGuidoEnvironmental Reviews |

  4. Ritterschaft & Reformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallenrode, May-Britt

    Ritterschaft & Reformation Renaissancesaal im Ledenhof 23. und 24. Oktober 2014 Osnabrückgefördert deutsche Reformation in Böhmen und Mähren (1520-1620) Dr. Josef Hrdlicka, Ceské Budjovice 10:30 Kaffeepause. Olga Weckenbrock, Osnabrück 11:45 Die Bedeutung der Reichsritterschaft für Reformation und

  5. Acquisition Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sapolsky, Harvey

    This report reviews the six most recent major acquisition reform reports, starting in 1949 with the Hoover Commissions and including McNamara's Total Package Procurement, Fitzhugh Commission, the Commission on Government ...

  6. Overseas shipments of 48Y cylinders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tanaka, R.T.; Furlan, A.S. [Cameco Corp., Port Hope, Ontario (Canada)

    1991-12-31

    This paper describes experiences with two incidents of overseas shipments of uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) cylinders. The first incident involved nine empty UF{sub 6} cylinders in enclosed sea containers. Three UF{sub 6} cylinders broke free from their tie-downs and damaged and contaminated several sea containers. This paper describes briefly how decontamination was carried out. The second incident involved a shipment of 14 full UF{sub 6} cylinders. Although the incident did not cause an accident, the potential hazard was significant. The investigation of the cause of the near accident is recounted. Recommendations to alleviate future similar incidents for both cases are presented.

  7. Slab reformer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Spurrier, F.R.; DeZubay, E.A.; Murray, A.P.; Vidt, E.J.

    1984-02-07

    Slab-shaped high efficiency catalytic reformer configurations are disclosed particularly useful for generation of fuels to be used in fuel cell based generation systems. A plurality of structures forming a generally rectangular peripheral envelope are spaced about one another to form annular regions, an interior annular region containing a catalytic bed and being regeneratively heated on one side by a hot combustion gas and on the other side by the gaseous products of the reformation. An integrally mounted combustor is cooled by impingement of incoming oxidant. 14 figs.

  8. Slab reformer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Spurrier, Francis R. (Whitehall, PA); DeZubay, Egon A. (Mt. Lebanon, PA); Murray, Alexander P. (Murrysville, PA); Vidt, Edward J. (Churchill, PA)

    1985-03-12

    Slab-shaped high efficiency catalytic reformer configurations particularly useful for generation of fuels to be used in fuel cell based generation systems. A plurality of structures forming a generally rectangular peripheral envelope are spaced about one another to form annular regions, an interior annular region containing a catalytic bed and being regeneratively heated on one side by a hot combustion gas and on the other side by the gaseous products of the reformation. An integrally mounted combustor is cooled by impingement of incoming oxidant.

  9. Slab reformer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Spurrier, Francis R. (Whitehall, PA); DeZubay, Egon A. (Mt. Lebanon, PA); Murray, Alexander P. (Murrysville, PA); Vidt, Edward J. (Churchill, PA)

    1984-02-07

    Slab-shaped high efficiency catalytic reformer configurations particularly useful for generation of fuels to be used in fuel cell based generation systems. A plurality of structures forming a generally rectangular peripheral envelope are spaced about one another to form annular regions, an interior annular region containing a catalytic bed and being regeneratively heated on one side by a hot comubstion gas and on the other side by the gaseous products of the reformation. An integrally mounted combustor is cooled by impingement of incoming oxidant.

  10. GENERAL ASSIGNMENT

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article)ForthcomingGENERAL ASSIGNMENT KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE

  11. Overseas projects finance by international institutions for Japanese construction firms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kojima, Masashi, 1968-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis analyzes the relationships between Japanese construction firms, and overseas projects financed by international institutions, such as the World Bank Group, United Nations, ADB, IDB, JBIC, and JICA. Japanese ...

  12. Management and Funding of the Department's Overseas Presence

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2008-10-06

    This Notice establishes Department of Energy (DOE) and National Nuclear Security Administration requirements and responsibilities governing DOE's Overseas Presence in order to effectively meet national security objectives implemented outside the United States.

  13. Management and Funding of the Department’s Overseas Presence

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2015-03-25

    This Order delineates DOE, including NNSA, requirements and responsibilities governing DOE’s Overseas Presence in order to effectively meet national security objectives, including energy security, nuclear security, and scientific discovery and innovation, implemented outside the United States.

  14. Assignment Types UTS LIBRARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    Assignment Types UTS LIBRARY February 2013 Academic Writing Guide Part 2 ­ Assignment Types: This section outlines the basic types of written assignments, providing structural elements and examples. #12;2 II. Assignment Types 1. Essay Writing

  15. Immigration Reform: 1986 & Today

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woods, Gregory

    2013-01-01

    voice has  forced immigration reform back to the  political known as the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (

  16. Balancing tax incentives with operational risks in captive overseas production facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Audrey, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01

    Due to the general macroeconomic downturn, many companies have turned to offshoring - sending a function overseas - to reduce production costs. While some companies elect to outsource overseas production to outside companies, ...

  17. Preliminary Thoughts on Copyright Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuelson, Pamela

    2007-01-01

    Thoughts on Copyright Reform by Pamela Samuelson * Myriadfor undertaking a copyright reform project. For one thing,product of a copyright reform process that was initiated in

  18. Management and Funding of the Department's Overseas Presence

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2009-11-19

    This Order establishes Department of Energy (DOE), including the National Nuclear Security Administration, requirements and responsibilities governing DOE's Overseas Presence in order to effectively meet national security objectives, including energy security, nuclear security, and scientific discovery and innovation, implemented outside the United States. Does not cancel other directives.

  19. Tax Reform and Real Estate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maisel, Sherman J.; Quigley, John M.

    1985-01-01

    WORKING PAPER 85-100 TAX REFORM AND REAL ESTATE BY SHERMANof wider import. TAX REFORM AND REAL ESTATE by Sherman J.B. The Initial Impact of Tax Reform IV. RESULTS: RESTORING

  20. Overseas Chinese Student Agency: Academic norm, Oral Participation and Discursive Practices for Change 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Tianjiao

    2011-11-23

    focuses on a group of Mainland Chinese overseas students in a UK university and aims to find out what resources are available for them and how their agency is enacted considering the academic norm in the new community. It is demonstrated that overseas...

  1. Notice of Intent to Revise DOE O 313.1, Management and Funding of the Department’s Overseas Presence

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2015-02-24

    In fiscal year 2014 the Department moved to funding the overseas presence via the Working Capital Fund (WCF) from the earlier, ad hoc, individual program office contribution schema. This new WCF approach needs to be reflected in the Order, as well as several administrative changes related to lessons-learned from managing the overseas presence via the Overseas Presence Advisory Board (OPAB)

  2. Notice of Intent to Revise DOE O 313.1, Management and Funding of the Department's Overseas Presence

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    In fiscal year 2014 the Department moved to funding the overseas presence via the Working Capital Fund (WCF) from the earlier, ad hoc, individual program office contribution schema. This new WCF approach needs to be reflected in the Order, as well as several administrative changes related to lessons-learned from managing the overseas presence via the Overseas Presence Advisory Board (OPAB).

  3. Catalytic reforming methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tadd, Andrew R; Schwank, Johannes

    2013-05-14

    A catalytic reforming method is disclosed herein. The method includes sequentially supplying a plurality of feedstocks of variable compositions to a reformer. The method further includes adding a respective predetermined co-reactant to each of the plurality of feedstocks to obtain a substantially constant output from the reformer for the plurality of feedstocks. The respective predetermined co-reactant is based on a C/H/O atomic composition for a respective one of the plurality of feedstocks and a predetermined C/H/O atomic composition for the substantially constant output.

  4. Non-catalytic recuperative reformer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Khinkis, Mark J.; Kozlov, Aleksandr P.; Kurek, Harry

    2015-12-22

    A non-catalytic recuperative reformer has a flue gas flow path for conducting hot flue gas from a thermal process and a reforming mixture flow path for conducting a reforming mixture. At least a portion of the reforming mixture flow path is embedded in the flue gas flow path to permit heat transfer from the hot flue gas to the reforming mixture. The reforming mixture flow path contains substantially no material commonly used as a catalyst for reforming hydrocarbon fuel (e.g., nickel oxide, platinum group elements or rhenium), but instead the reforming mixture is reformed into a higher calorific fuel via reactions due to the heat transfer and residence time. In a preferred embodiment, extended surfaces of metal material such as stainless steel or metal alloy that are high in nickel content are included within at least a portion of the reforming mixture flow path.

  5. NETL - Fuel Reforming Facilities

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2014-06-27

    Research using NETL's Fuel Reforming Facilities explores catalytic issues inherent in fossil-energy related applications, including catalyst synthesis and characterization, reaction kinetics, catalyst activity and selectivity, catalyst deactivation, and stability.

  6. Solutions to Assignment 2.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-10-24

    Assignment 2 Solutions. James Vanderhyde. 1. Problem 7-5. (a) Let x1, x2, and x3 be the three values that are picked at random. Since there are 3! = 6 ways to ...

  7. Intergovernmental Personnel Act Assignments

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2000-08-24

    This Manual implements provisions of the Intergovernmental Personnel Act (IPA) within the Department of Energy (DOE) and establishes requirements, responsibilities, and authority for effecting assignments under the Act. Does not cancel other directives.

  8. Solutions to Assignment 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-11-25

    Solutions to Assignment 1. 1. Let G be a finite set with an associative law of composition, and e ? G an element with xe = ex = x for all x ? G. If G has the ...

  9. Solutions to Assignment 5.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-12-07

    Assignment 5 Solutions. James Vanderhyde. 1. Problem 31.2-6. Recall F1 = 0, F2 = 1, and Fk+1 = Fk + Fk?1 for k > 2. By the discussion in the book ...

  10. The Aftermath of Redistricting Reform in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buchler, Justin

    2011-01-01

    2009. “Redistricting Reform Will Not Solve California’sMatthew. 2009. “Redistricting Reform Could Save California2. ———. 2011. “Redistricting Reform Revisited. ” California

  11. Bank Regulation and Mortgage Market Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffee, Dwight M.

    2011-01-01

    Regulation and Mortgage Market Reform Dwight M. Jaffee Boothfinancial sector regulatory reform initiatives are currentlyset concerns bank regulatory reform as embedded in the 2010

  12. Mapping the Consequences of Electoral Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latner, Michael S; Roach, Kyle

    2011-01-01

    Consequences of Electoral Reform Table A2. Unrotated Matrixthe Consequences of Electoral Reform California Journal ofConsequences of Electoral Reform Michael S. Latner and Kyle

  13. Politics and Policy in State Health Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelman, Walter; Melamed, Alex

    2009-01-01

    Reform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .and Policy in State Health Reform by Walter Zelman, Ph.D.c Greenberge, S.S. , “Healthcare reform efforts win praise

  14. Patent Reform: Aligning Reward and Contribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Carl

    2007-01-01

    Patent Reform: Aligning Reward and Contribution † CarlThis paper analyzes two major reforms to the patent systemthey are issued. Three additional reforms relating to patent

  15. Constitutional Reform in California: The Surprising Divides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Binder, Mike; Frisby, Tammy; Kousser, Thad B

    2010-01-01

    Issue 2 Constitutional Reform in California: The Surprisingviews on constitutional reform than whites and African-and opposition to proposed reforms, such as the elimination

  16. CGIAR Reform - Why So Difficult? Review, Reform, Renewal, Restructuring, Reform Again and then "The New CGIAR" - So Much Talk and So Little Basic Structural Change - Why?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalla, Alex F

    2014-01-01

    Secretariat, FAO CGIAR Reform-Why So Difficult? 2013 TAC/of California, Davis CGIAR Reform — Why So Difficult?Review, Reform, Renewal, Restructuring, Reform Again and

  17. Social Status Compensation: Variations on the Sending of Cultural Remittances among Chinese Overseas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Min; Li, Xiangyi

    2014-01-01

    of California, Los Angeles Xiangyi LI Sun Yat-Sen UniversityMin Zhouzhoumin@ntu.edu.sg. Xiangyi Li, PhD. , is assistantOverseas 1 Min Zhou and Xiangyi Li INTRODUCTION Economic

  18. Reforming using erionite catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liers, J.; Meusinger, J.; Moesch, A. (Univ. of Leipzig (Germany)); Reschetilowski, W. (Karl Winnacker Inst. of DECHEMA, Frankfurt (Germany))

    1993-08-01

    The advantage of reforming on erionite catalysts is a product with high octane numbers and low amounts of aromatics. This advantage seems to be slight at reaction pressures lower than 25 bar. But it is possible to compensate for the influence of pressure by varying the erionite content within the catalyst and the reaction temperature. When reforming on Pt/Al[sub 2]O[sub 3] catalysts, the following reactions take place: dehydrocyclization of paraffins to naphthenes, dehydrogenation of naphthenes to aromatics, isomerication of normal paraffins remains in the product, lowering its octane number. By using a Ni/H-erionite catalyst, the octane rating can be increased by 3 to 7 numbers through selective hydrocracking of n-alkanes in the reformate. Erionite catalysts favor shape-selective hydrocracking of normal paraffins and the formation of cyclopentane derivatives lowering the content of aromatics during reforming reactions. Reducing the reaction pressure decreases hydrocracking activity and cyclopentane formation. These results can be interpreted in terms of thermodynamic restrictions and deactivation.

  19. Dry reforming of hydrocarbon feedstocks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shah, Yatish T.; Gardner, Todd H.

    2014-09-25

    Developments in catalyst technology for the dry reforming of hydrocarbon feedstocks are reviewed for methane, higher hydrocarbons and alcohols. Thermodynamics, mechanisms and the kinetics of dry reforming are also reviewed. The literature on Ni catalysts, bi-metallic Ni catalysts and the role of promoters on Ni catalysts is critically evaluated. The use of noble and transitional metal catalysts for dry reforming is discussed. The application of solid oxide and metal carbide catalysts to dry reforming is also evaluated. Finally, various mechanisms for catalyst deactivation are assessed. This review also examines the various process related issues associated with dry reforming such as its application and heat optimization. Novel approaches such as supercritical dry reforming and microwave assisted dry reforming are briefly expanded upon.

  20. Ligncellulosic feedstock supply systems with intermodal and overseas transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ric Hoefnagels; Kara Cafferty; Erin Searcy; Jacob J. Jacobson; Martin Junginger; Thijs Cornelissen; Andre Faaij

    2014-12-01

    With growing demand for biomass from industrial uses and international trade, the logistic operations required to economically move the biomass from the field or forest to the end users have become increasingly complex. In addition to economics, understanding energy and GHG emissions is required to design cost effective, sustainable logistic process operations; in order to improve international supply chains it is also important to understate their interdependencies and related uncertainties. This article presents an approach to assess lignocellulosic feedstock supply systems at the operational level. For this purpose, the Biomass Logistic Model (BLM) has been linked with the Geographic Information Systems based Biomass Intermodal Transportation model (BIT-UU) and extended with inter-continental transport routes. Case studies of herbaceous and woody biomass, produced in the U.S. Midwest and U.S. Southeast, respectively, and shipped to Europe for conversion to Fischer-Tropsch (FT) diesel are included to demonstrate how intermodal transportation and, in particular, overseas shipping integrates with the bioenergy supply chains. For the cases demonstrated, biomass can be supplied at 99 € Mg-1 to 117 € Mg-1 (dry) and converted to FT-diesel at 19 € GJ-1 to 24 € GJ-1 depending on the feedstock type and location, intermediate (chips or pellets) and size of the FT-diesel production plant. With the flexibility to change the design of supply chains as well as input variables, many alternative supply chain cases can be assessed.

  1. Methanol partial oxidation reformer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Shabbir (Bolingbrook, IL); Kumar, Romesh (Naperville, IL); Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL)

    1999-01-01

    A partial oxidation reformer comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell.

  2. Methanol partial oxidation reformer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Shabbir (Bolingbrook, IL); Kumar, Romesh (Naperville, IL); Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL)

    2001-01-01

    A partial oxidation reformer comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell.

  3. Methanol partial oxidation reformer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ahmed, S.; Kumar, R.; Krumpelt, M.

    1999-08-24

    A partial oxidation reformer is described comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell. 7 figs.

  4. Methanol partial oxidation reformer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ahmed, S.; Kumar, R.; Krumpelt, M.

    1999-08-17

    A partial oxidation reformer is described comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell. 7 figs.

  5. Welcome to WebAssign!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Craig E.

    Welcome to WebAssign! #12;How to Self-Enroll in WebAssign #12;Enter and Submit the Class Key #12;Verify Class Informa@on #12;· If you have used Web to WebAssign, follow the instruc@ons on Create A New Account, Enter New Account

  6. Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation by NREL's Robert Evans at the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting.

  7. Tax Reform and Real Estate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maisel, Sherman J.; Quigley, John M.

    1985-01-01

    Berkeley CENTER Eon REAL ESTATE ANDURBAN ECONOMICS WORKING85-100 TAX REFORM AND REAL ESTATE BY SHERMAN J. MAISEL JOHNADMINISTRATION CENTER FOR REAL ESTATE AND URBAN ECONOMICS

  8. AEDP & Healthcare Reform Dipti Patel, FSA, MAAA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Don

    Cigna AEDP & Healthcare Reform Dipti Patel, FSA, MAAA March 19, 2012 #12; Introductions Introducing... Cigna An overview of the AEDP Healthcare Reform Questions and Answers Overview #12 Branding ­ "GO YOU" · Things are changing ­ Health Care Reform · Young, energetic, executive leadership

  9. Preparing for Project Implementation Assigning Accountability...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Assigning Accountability for Each Project, April 14, 2010 Preparing for Project Implementation Assigning Accountability for Each Project, April 14, 2010 Assigning Accountability...

  10. Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform Act (FITARA...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Information Technology Acquisition Reform Act (FITARA) Data Resources Federal Information Technology Acquisition Reform Act (FITARA) Data Resources FITARA Resources Available for...

  11. Assignment II Saha & Boltzmann equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spoon, Henrik

    Assignment II Saha & Boltzmann equations January 21, 2002 This assignment is meant to give you some practical experience in using the Saha and Boltzmann equations that govern the level populations in atoms;s =kT the partition function of ionization stage r. The Saha equation: N r+1 N r = 2U r+1 U r P e #18

  12. Domain Assignment to Transcription FactorsDomain Assignment to Transcription Factors 412 Proteins with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babu, M. Madan

    Domain Assignment to Transcription FactorsDomain Assignment to Transcription Factors 412 Proteins with at least one SCOP DBD assignment 412 Proteins with at least one SCOP DBD assignment 7 proteins with PFAM DBD assignment 7 proteins with PFAM DBD assignment 419 proteins with DBD assignment419 proteins

  13. Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Mines Bio-Derived Liquids Distributed Reforming Working Group Meeting HFC&IT Program Baltimore, MD October 24, 2006 1 Gasification Partial oxidation CH 1.46 O .67 + 0.16 O 2 ...

  14. Tax Reform and Real Estate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Kenneth T.; Lepcio, Andrea

    1986-01-01

    investment opportunities in real estate. -13- Appentlix CashBerkeley CENTER FOR REAL ESTATE S AND URBAN ECONOMICSPAPER 86-117 TAX REFORM AND REAL ESTATE_ BY KENNETH T. ROSEN

  15. Applications of solar reforming technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spiewak, I.; Tyner, C.E.; Langnickel, U.

    1993-11-01

    Research in recent years has demonstrated the efficient use of solar thermal energy for driving endothermic chemical reforming reactions in which hydrocarbons are reacted to form synthesis gas (syngas). Closed-loop reforming/methanation systems can be used for storage and transport of process heat and for short-term storage for peaking power generation. Open-loop systems can be used for direct fuel production; for production of syngas feedstock for further processing to specialty chemicals and plastics and bulk ammonia, hydrogen, and liquid fuels; and directly for industrial processes such as iron ore reduction. In addition, reforming of organic chemical wastes and hazardous materials can be accomplished using the high-efficiency destruction capabilities of steam reforming. To help identify the most promising areas for future development of this technology, we discuss in this paper the economics and market potential of these applications.

  16. The Dynamics of Reform of India’s Federal System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar

    2007-01-01

    Conflict and Economic Reform in the Developing World, Newconstraints to economic reforms that provide aggregateExpenditures and Economic Reform in India,” Journal of

  17. Essays on India’s Economy: Perspectives on Policy Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar

    2014-01-01

    Perspectives on Policy Reform Nirvikar Singh Professor ofwith economic policy reform. The essays are organized intofinancial inclusion and tax reform. This is followed by a

  18. Changing Tracks? The Prospect for California Pension Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kogan, Vladimir; McCubbins, Mathew D

    2010-01-01

    for California Pension Reform Notes We focus on the combinedfor California Pension Reform Vladimir Kogan University ofCalifornia budget, pension reform, fiscal oversight

  19. Administering Democracy: Public Opinion on Election Reform in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    Consequences of Electoral Reform in the United States. ”Turnout and Institutional Reform in Oregon. ” Social SciencePublic Opinion on Election Reform in California Elizabeth

  20. The role of the district office in instructional practice reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rizzi, Karen Schultz

    2008-01-01

    reality: Standards-based reform in urban districts. MenloW. A. (1989). Using reform: Conceptualizing districtHow districts support school reform. Seattle: University of

  1. Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2004-06-18

    To define a program for unclassified foreign national access to Department of Energy sites, information, and technologies. This Order cancels DOE P 142.1, Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments, dated 7-14-99; DOE N 142.1, Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments, dated 7-14-99; Secretarial Memorandum Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments, dated 7-14-99; Memorandum from Francis S. Blake, Departmental Use of Foreign Access Central Tracking System, dated 11-05-01; Memorandum from Kyle E. McSlarrow, Interim Guidance for Implementation of the Department's Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments Program, dated 12-17-02; and Secretarial Memorandum, Policy Exclusion for Unclassified Foreign National's Access to Department of Energy Facilities in Urgent or Emergency Medical Situations, dated 4-10-01. Cancels: DOE P 142.1 and DOE N 142.1

  2. DRAFT - DOE O 313.1A, Management and Funding of the Department’s Overseas Presence

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    This Order delineates DOE, including NNSA, requirements and responsibilities governing DOE’s Overseas Presence in order to effectively meet national security objectives, including energy security, nuclear security, and scientific discovery and innovation, implemented outside the United States.

  3. Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1999-07-14

    To provide interim Department of Energy (DOE) requirements and responsibilities for unclassified visits and assignment by foreign nationals to DOE facilities for unclassified activities. This Notice supplements DOE P 142.1 dated 7-14-99, which sets overall Departmental policy on unclassified foreign visits and assignments. It is a complement to existing counterintelligence and security orders and policies. DOE N 251.53, dated 05/14/03, extends this directive until canceled. Cancels: DOE 1240.2B

  4. Monotonic Target Assignment for Robotic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Stephen L; Bullo, Francesco

    2009-01-01

    Target assignment for robotic networks: Worst-case andTARGET ASSIGNMENT FOR ROBOTIC NETWORKS [6] H. W. Kuhn, “TheTarget Assignment for Robotic Networks Stephen L. Smith,

  5. Before the House Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and Procurement Reform, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, United States House of Representatives...

  6. Bringing electricity reform to the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fe Villamejor-Mendoza, Maria

    2008-12-15

    Electricity reforms will not translate to competition overnight. But reforms are inching their way forward in institutions and stakeholders of the Philippine electricity industry, through regulatory and competition frameworks, processes, and systems promulgated and implemented. (author)

  7. Evaluate reformer performance at a glance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nag, A. [Indian Oil Corporation Ltd., Gujarat (India)

    1996-02-01

    Catalytic reforming is becoming increasingly important in replacing octane lost as the removal of lead from worldwide gasoline pools continues. A method has been developed that can quickly evaluate the performance of any catalytic reformer. The catalytic naphtha reforming process primarily involves three well-known reactions. These are aromatization of naphthenes, cyclization of paraffins and hydrocracking of paraffins. Hydrogen is produced in the process of aromatization and dehydrocyclization of paraffins. Reformer performance is normally evaluated with a reformate analysis (PONA) and yield of C{sub 5{sup +}} reformate. This method of quick evaluation of reformer performance is based upon the main assumption that the increase in hydrocarbon moles in the process is equal to the number of C{single_bond}C bond ruptures and one mole of hydrogen is absorbed to saturate the same. This new method calculates aromatization efficiency, paraffin conversion, aromatic selectivity and finally the paraffin, naphthene and aromatic content of C{sub 5{sup +}} reformate.

  8. ALBERTA LAW REFORM INSTITUTE EDMONTON, ALBERTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMillan, Andrew

    ALBERTA LAW REFORM INSTITUTE EDMONTON, ALBERTA CONTRACTS FOR THE SALE AND PURCHASE OF LAND;#12;Table of Contents ALBERTA LAW REFORM INSTITUTE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 CHAPTER 2. COMPARISON OF THE PRESENT AND PREVIOUS LAW OF ALBERTA

  9. Informationsveranstaltung zur Reform des gymnasialen Lehramtes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Informationsveranstaltung zur Reform des gymnasialen Lehramtes W¨urzburg, 3. Mai 2013 ... was lange montags 16-17 Uhr und freitags 10-11 Uhr Euch und allen an der Reform Beteiligten ein herzliches Danke

  10. Method of steam reforming methanol to hydrogen

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beshty, Bahjat S. (Lower Makefield, PA)

    1990-01-01

    The production of hydrogen by the catalyzed steam reforming of methanol is accomplished using a reformer of greatly reduced size and cost wherein a mixture of water and methanol is superheated to the gaseous state at temperatures of about 800.degree. to about 1,100.degree. F. and then fed to a reformer in direct contact with the catalyst bed contained therein, whereby the heat for the endothermic steam reforming reaction is derived directly from the superheated steam/methanol mixture.

  11. Plasmatron Fuel Reformer Development and Internal Combustion...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicle Applications Plasmatron Fuel Reformer Development and Internal Combustion Engine Vehicle Applications 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference...

  12. M. Bahrami ENSC 388 Assignment # 4 1 Assignment #4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    for utilizing the combustion products combines a heat-recovery steam generator with a turbine. At steady state surfaces of the steam generator and turbine can be ignored, as can the changes in kinetic and potential of operation annually. Steam Generator 2 5 Turbine Power out 1 3 4 #12;M. Bahrami ENSC 388 Assignment # 4 3

  13. Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1999-07-14

    International cooperation and collaboration is an important element in the effective planning and implementation of many Department of Energy (DOE) programs. DOE and its international partners benefit from the exchange of information that results from a managed process of unclassified visits and assignments by foreign nationals. These visits and assignments must be conducted in a manner consistent with U.S. and DOE national security policies, requirements, and objectives including export control laws and regulations. Canceled by DOE O 142.3. Does not cancel other directives.

  14. Attrition resistant fluidizable reforming catalyst

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Parent, Yves O. (Golden, CO); Magrini, Kim (Golden, CO); Landin, Steven M. (Conifer, CO); Ritland, Marcus A. (Palm Beach Shores, FL)

    2011-03-29

    A method of preparing a steam reforming catalyst characterized by improved resistance to attrition loss when used for cracking, reforming, water gas shift and gasification reactions on feedstock in a fluidized bed reactor, comprising: fabricating the ceramic support particle, coating a ceramic support by adding an aqueous solution of a precursor salt of a metal selected from the group consisting of Ni, Pt, Pd, Ru, Rh, Cr, Co, Mn, Mg, K, La and Fe and mixtures thereof to the ceramic support and calcining the coated ceramic in air to convert the metal salts to metal oxides.

  15. PER-Based Reform at a Multicultural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinberg, Richard N.

    PER-Based Reform at a Multicultural Institution Some Lessons from Physics Education Research that the most suc- cessful reform strategies require significant interactions among students, and between students and instructor. It is therefore reasonable to wonder about the extent to which PER-based reform

  16. Integrated reformer and shift reactor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bentley, Jeffrey M.; Clawson, Lawrence G.; Mitchell, William L.; Dorson, Matthew H.

    2006-06-27

    A hydrocarbon fuel reformer for producing diatomic hydrogen gas is disclosed. The reformer includes a first reaction vessel, a shift reactor vessel annularly disposed about the first reaction vessel, including a first shift reactor zone, and a first helical tube disposed within the first shift reactor zone having an inlet end communicating with a water supply source. The water supply source is preferably adapted to supply liquid-phase water to the first helical tube at flow conditions sufficient to ensure discharge of liquid-phase and steam-phase water from an outlet end of the first helical tube. The reformer may further include a first catalyst bed disposed in the first shift reactor zone, having a low-temperature shift catalyst in contact with the first helical tube. The catalyst bed includes a plurality of coil sections disposed in coaxial relation to other coil sections and to the central longitudinal axis of the reformer, each coil section extending between the first and second ends, and each coil section being in direct fluid communication with at least one other coil section.

  17. Postcolonial Architecture through North Korean Modes: Namibian Commissions of the Mansudae Overseas Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirkwood, Meghan

    2011-05-31

    ?speculate?on?the?motivations?for?commissioning?the?Mansudae?Overseas?Project.?See:?Mary?Jo?Arnoldi.?“Symbolically?Inscribing?the?City:?Public?Monuments?in?Mali,?1995??2002.”?African?Arts?36?(Summer,?2003):?56?65;?Mary?Jo?Arnoldi.?“Bamako,?Mali:?Monuments...? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????33?Following?this?visit?in?the?year?2000?other?diplomatic?visits?to?Pyongyang?were?made?in?2007,?2008?during?which?reports?document?visits?to?the?Arch?of?Triumph,?the?Three?Revolution?Exhibition,?the?Mangyongdae?and?Pyongyang?326?Electric?Wire?Factory...

  18. M. Bahrami ENSC 461 (S 11) Assignment 8 1 Assignment #8 (Vapor Power Cycles)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    M. Bahrami ENSC 461 (S 11) Assignment 8 1 ENSC 461 Assignment #8 (Vapor Power Cycles) Assignment date: Due date: Consider a reheat-regenerative vapor power cycle with two feedwater heaters, a closed

  19. Plasma-catalyzed fuel reformer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hartvigsen, Joseph J.; Elangovan, S.; Czernichowski, Piotr; Hollist, Michele

    2013-06-11

    A reformer is disclosed that includes a plasma zone to receive a pre-heated mixture of reactants and ionize the reactants by applying an electrical potential thereto. A first thermally conductive surface surrounds the plasma zone and is configured to transfer heat from an external heat source into the plasma zone. The reformer further includes a reaction zone to chemically transform the ionized reactants into synthesis gas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide. A second thermally conductive surface surrounds the reaction zone and is configured to transfer heat from the external heat source into the reaction zone. The first thermally conductive surface and second thermally conductive surface are both directly exposed to the external heat source. A corresponding method and system are also disclosed and claimed herein.

  20. Homework Help for Exam 2 Assignments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devlin, Patrick M

    2014-08-15

    WebAssign Homework Hints: Lessons 15 ? 22. Lesson 15 assignment: - Inequality signs are available in the calcPad under Relations. o To make the calcPad ...

  1. Planning with imperfect information : interceptor assignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Daniel B. (Daniel Brandford)

    2006-01-01

    We consider the problem of assigning a scarce number of interceptors to a wave of incoming atmospheric re-entry vehicles (RV). In this single wave, there is time to assign interceptors to a wave of incoming RVs, gain ...

  2. Monotonic Target Assignment for Robotic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Stephen L; Bullo, Francesco

    2009-01-01

    How, “A robust approach to the UAV task assignment problem,”has many appli- cations in UAV surveillance and exploration,

  3. Hydrogen from Biomass by Autothermal Reforming

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation by Lanny D. Schmidt at the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting.

  4. Welfare reform and liberal governance: disciplining Cambodian-American bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truong, Michael H.

    2007-01-01

    Should Know About Welfare Reform (Series A, No. A- 52).2001). The Impact of Welfare Reform on Asians and PacificPunishment: How Welfare Reform Punishes the Poor. Oakland,

  5. State Finances in India: A Case for Systemic Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar

    2006-01-01

    M. Govinda (2000), “Tax Reform in India: Achievements andState Level Fiscal Reforms in India”, paper presented aton Indian Economic Reform, April 19-20. M. Govinda Rao and

  6. Inquiry-Based Learning: An Educational Reform Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLoughlin, Padraig

    -Based Learning: An Educational Reform Based Upon Content-Centred Teaching. 1046-Centred Educational Reform 3 III Inquiry-Based Learning Pedagogy is Content 27 #12; ii Abstract Inquiry-Based Learning: An Educational Reform

  7. A second opinion on U.S. health care reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaufan, Claudia MD, PhD

    2010-01-01

    Cost Implications of Health Care Reform. N Engl J Med: p.opinion on U.S. health care reform Posted by PNHP on Friday,Obama argued that a model of reform as that implemented by

  8. Swimming Upstream: The Hard Politics of Health Reform in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelman, Walter

    2009-01-01

    The Hard Politics of Health Reform in California June 2009Report on State Health Access Reform,” Health Affairs, WebPolicy in State Health Reform,” Zelman, W. A. , and Melamed,

  9. Analysis of Senate Bill 92: Health Care Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    CJ. Effects of State Reforms on Health Insurance Coverage ofMorrisey MA. Small Group Reform and Insurance Provision byInterest Groups and Health Reform: Lessons from California.

  10. What is "Comprehensive Immigration Reform"? Taking the Long View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motomura, Hiroshi

    2010-01-01

    Stumpf. 1. Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986, Pub.8 U.S.C. ). 35. Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986,about “comprehensive immigration reform”—in the way the next

  11. Solid oxide fuel cell steam reforming power system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chick, Lawrence A.; Sprenkle, Vincent L.; Powell, Michael R.; Meinhardt, Kerry D.; Whyatt, Greg A.

    2013-03-12

    The present invention is a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Reforming Power System that utilizes adiabatic reforming of reformate within this system. By utilizing adiabatic reforming of reformate within the system the system operates at a significantly higher efficiency than other Solid Oxide Reforming Power Systems that exist in the prior art. This is because energy is not lost while materials are cooled and reheated, instead the device operates at a higher temperature. This allows efficiencies higher than 65%.

  12. Making Sense of Reform in Mathematics Education : : The Impact on Practice by Interactions Between Teachers' Beliefs, Reform Policy and Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Javier, Laura R.

    2014-01-01

    L. , & Cohen, D. K. (1996). Reform by the book: What is: Orlearning and instructional reform? Educational Researcher,school mathematics: The anti-reform of 1997-99. Phi Delta

  13. The Definitive Reform. How the 1996 Electoral Reform Triggered the Demise of the PRI's Dominant-Party Regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrido de Sierra, Sebastián

    2014-01-01

    the PRI Approve the Reform? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vi 4 How the 1996 Reform Triggered the End of the PRI’seffect of the 1996 electoral reform on the PRI’s unity . The

  14. Diesel Reformers for On-board Hydrogen Applications | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reformers for On-board Hydrogen Applications Diesel Reformers for On-board Hydrogen Applications 2003 DEER Conference Presentation: Hydrogen Source 2003deermauss.pdf More...

  15. Agenda for the Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reforming Targets Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) Kick-Off Meeting Proceedings Hilton Garden Inn-BWI,Baltimore, MD October 24, 2006...

  16. Hydrogen generation from plasmatron reformers and use for diesel...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    generation from plasmatron reformers and use for diesel exhaust aftertreatment Hydrogen generation from plasmatron reformers and use for diesel exhaust aftertreatment 2003 DEER...

  17. Secretary Moniz to Present Project Management Reforms to the...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Moniz to Present Project Management Reforms to the National Academy of Public Administration Secretary Moniz to Present Project Management Reforms to the National Academy of Public...

  18. Improved System Performance and Reduced Cost of a Fuel Reformer...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reduced Cost of a Fuel Reformer, LNT, and SCR Aftertreatment System Meeting Emissions Useful Life Requirement Improved System Performance and Reduced Cost of a Fuel Reformer, LNT,...

  19. Fuel Reformer, LNT and SCR Aftertreatment System Meeting Emissions...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reformer, LNT and SCR Aftertreatment System Meeting Emissions Useful Life Requirements Fuel Reformer, LNT and SCR Aftertreatment System Meeting Emissions Useful Life Requirements...

  20. Secretary Moniz's Remarks on Project Management Reform at the...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Project Management Reform at the National Academy of Public Administration -- As Delivered Secretary Moniz's Remarks on Project Management Reform at the National Academy of Public...

  1. Design, Modeling, and Validation of a Flame Reformer for LNT...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Design, Modeling, and Validation of a Flame Reformer for LNT External Bypass Regeneration Design, Modeling, and Validation of a Flame Reformer for LNT External Bypass Regeneration...

  2. Before the House Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Government Management, Organization, and Procurement Before the House Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Government...

  3. Regulatory and Financial Reform of Federal Research Policy: Recommenda...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Regulatory and Financial Reform of Federal Research Policy: Recommendations to the NRC Committee on Research Universities Regulatory and Financial Reform of Federal Research...

  4. STEM education reform A public research university imperative!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin, Peter

    STEM education reform A public research university imperative! University of Florida A significant education reform initiative for introductory courses. Will these -- and a growing number of other national

  5. BILIWG Meeting: High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived Liquids (Presentation) BILIWG Meeting: High Pressure Steam Reforming of Bio-Derived Liquids (Presentation) Presented at the 2007...

  6. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Targets (Presentation) Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets (Presentation) Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming...

  7. Enabling Informed Adaptation of Reformed Instructional Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elby, Andy

    Enabling Informed Adaptation of Reformed Instructional Materials Rachel E. Scherr and Andrew Elby 20742 USA Abstract. Instructors inevitably need to adapt even the best reform materials to suit instructors, and video clips of students working on the materials. Our materials thus facilitate their own

  8. Olefins from High Yield Autothermal Reforming Process

    Energy Innovation Portal (Marketing Summaries) [EERE]

    2012-03-06

    The autothermal reforming method employs an improved dehydrogenation process for olefin production, utilizing platinum based dehydrogenation catalysts in the presence of oxygen. The autothermal process requires no external energy input following ignition and produces high conversions and yields from the gaseous hydrocarbon feeds. Autothermal reforming is an effective solution that meets the high demands of the chemical market industry by producing high yields...

  9. In Njeri Wamukonya, ed., Electricity Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    electricity consumption in industrial countries has caused major air pollution problems. In fact, power plantsIn Njeri Wamukonya, ed., Electricity Reform: Social and Environmental Challenges Roskilde, Denmark: UNEP-RISÃ? Centre. Rethinking reform in the electricity sector: Power liberalisation or energy

  10. Methanol Steam Reformer on a Silicon Wafer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, H; Malen, J; Piggott, T; Morse, J; Sopchak, D; Greif, R; Grigoropoulos, C; Havstad, M; Upadhye, R

    2004-04-15

    A study of the reforming rates, heat transfer and flow through a methanol reforming catalytic microreactor fabricated on a silicon wafer are presented. Comparison of computed and measured conversion efficiencies are shown to be favorable. Concepts for insulating the reactor while maintaining small overall size and starting operation from ambient temperature are analyzed.

  11. Fuel cell integrated with steam reformer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beshty, Bahjat S. (Lower Makefield, PA); Whelan, James A. (Bricktown, NJ)

    1987-01-01

    A H.sub.2 -air fuel cell integrated with a steam reformer is disclosed wherein a superheated water/methanol mixture is fed to a catalytic reformer to provide a continuous supply of hydrogen to the fuel cell, the gases exhausted from the anode of the fuel cell providing the thermal energy, via combustion, for superheating the water/methanol mixture.

  12. "Reform" or "Opening"? Reform of China's State-Owned Enterprises and WTO Accession - The Dilemma of Applying GATT to Marketing Economies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blumental, David

    1998-01-01

    China's Assurances on Reform Please U.S. , AsIAN WALL ST.REFORM" OR "OPENING"?REFORM OF CHINA'S STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES AND WTO

  13. Policy for Dropped and Excused Assignments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick Devlin

    2015-08-22

    MA 15300Y Policy for Dropped and Excused Homework. • HOMEWORK. On average, students can expect about 3 homework assignments per week.

  14. Integrated hydrocarbon reforming system and controls

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Clawson, Lawrence G.; Dorson, Matthew H.; Mitchell, William L.; Nowicki, Brian J.; Thijssen, Johannes; Davis, Robert; Papile, Christopher; Rumsey, Jennifer W.; Longo, Nathan; Cross, III, James C.; Rizzo, Vincent; Kleeburg, Gunther; Rindone, Michael; Block, Stephen G.; Sun, Maria; Morriseau, Brian D.; Hagan, Mark R.; Bowers, Brian

    2003-11-04

    A hydrocarbon reformer system including a first reactor configured to generate hydrogen-rich reformate by carrying out at least one of a non-catalytic thermal partial oxidation, a catalytic partial oxidation, a steam reforming, and any combinations thereof, a second reactor in fluid communication with the first reactor to receive the hydrogen-rich reformate, and having a catalyst for promoting a water gas shift reaction in the hydrogen-rich reformate, and a heat exchanger having a first mass of two-phase water therein and configured to exchange heat between the two-phase water and the hydrogen-rich reformate in the second reactor, the heat exchanger being in fluid communication with the first reactor so as to supply steam to the first reactor as a reactant is disclosed. The disclosed reformer includes an auxiliary reactor configured to generate heated water/steam and being in fluid communication with the heat exchanger of the second reactor to supply the heated water/steam to the heat exchanger.

  15. September 25, 2013 AFSCME Continues to Object to Pension Reform;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    September 25, 2013 AFSCME Continues to Object to Pension Reform; UC Implements Latest Bargaining working conditions and reasonable pension reform. However, AFSCME has rejected UC's proposals. From the start, AFSCME leadership has objected to UC's responsible pension reform -- the kind of reform that

  16. Internal reforming fuel cell assembly with simplified fuel feed

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farooque, Mohammad (Huntington, CT); Novacco, Lawrence J. (Brookfield, CT); Allen, Jeffrey P. (Naugatuck, CT)

    2001-01-01

    A fuel cell assembly in which fuel cells adapted to internally reform fuel and fuel reformers for reforming fuel are arranged in a fuel cell stack. The fuel inlet ports of the fuel cells and the fuel inlet ports and reformed fuel outlet ports of the fuel reformers are arranged on one face of the fuel cell stack. A manifold sealing encloses this face of the stack and a reformer fuel delivery system is arranged entirely within the region between the manifold and the one face of the stack. The fuel reformer has a foil wrapping and a cover member forming with the foil wrapping an enclosed structure.

  17. Nicholas Barr: USS reform directions Ver. 2 1 26 March 2015 What reform directions for USS?1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    Nicholas Barr: USS reform directions Ver. 2 1 26 March 2015 What reform directions for USS?1 Nicholas Barr2 Summary This note discusses reform of USS as simply as possible (see glossary at end why and how a wider view of de-risking is both feasible and desirable. Some of the reforms of USS

  18. Assignment of Orthologous Genes via Genome Rearrangement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lonardi, Stefano

    Assignment of Orthologous Genes via Genome Rearrangement Xin Chen, Jie Zheng, Zheng Fu, Peng Nan of genomes is a fundamental and challenging problem in comparative genomics. Existing methods that assign sequence similarity and evolutionary events at a genome level, where orthologous genes are assumed

  19. M. Bahrami ENSC 461 (S 11) Assignment 4 1 Assignment #4 (Gas-turbine)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    M. Bahrami ENSC 461 (S 11) Assignment 4 1 ENSC 461 Assignment #4 (Gas-turbine) Assignment date: Tuesday Feb. 08, 2011 Due date: Tuesday Feb. 15, 2011 Problem 1: An ideal gas-turbine cycle with ideal stage of the compressor at T1 and each stage of the turbine at T3. a) Derive relationships for exit

  20. M. Bahrami ENSC 461 (S 11) Assignment 4 1 Assignment #4 (Gas-turbine)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    M. Bahrami ENSC 461 (S 11) Assignment 4 1 ENSC 461 Assignment #4 (Gas-turbine) Assignment date: Tuesday Feb. 08, 2011 Due date: Tuesday Feb. 15, 2011 Problem 1: An ideal gas-turbine cycle with ideal-s diagram ideal gas-turbine with regenerator and n-stage compression and expansion with intercooler

  1. Device for cooling and humidifying reformate

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zhao, Jian Lian (Belmont, MA); Northrop, William F. (Ann Arbor, MI)

    2008-04-08

    Devices for cooling and humidifying a reformate stream from a reforming reactor as well as related methods, modules and systems includes a heat exchanger and a sprayer. The heat exchanger has an inlet, an outlet, and a conduit between the inlet and the outlet. The heat exchanger is adapted to allow a flow of a first fluid (e.g. water) inside the conduit and to establish a heat exchange relationship between the first fluid and a second fluid (e.g. reformate from a reforming reactor) flowing outside the conduit. The sprayer is coupled to the outlet of the heat exchanger for spraying the first fluid exiting the heat exchanger into the second fluid.

  2. Bank Regulation and Mortgage Market Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffee, Dwight M.

    2011-01-01

    July 2008. U.S. Treasury/HUD (2011), “Reforming America’sthe recent U.S. Treasury/HUD (2011) White Paper. The Whitepresented in the Treasury/HUD (2011) White paper. I then

  3. Electricity reform abroad and US investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-10-01

    This report reviews and analyzes the recent electricity reforms in Argentina, Australia, and the United Kingdom (UK) to illustrate how different models of privatization and reform have worked in practice. This report also analyzes the motivations of the U.S. companies who have invested in the electricity industries in these countries, which have become the largest targets of U.S. foreign investment in electricity. Two calculations of foreign investment are used. One is the foreign direct investment series produced by the U.S. Department of Commerce. The other is based on transactions in electric utilities of the three countries. The electricity reform and privatization experiences reviewed may offer some insight as to how the U.S. electricity industry might develop as a result of recent domestic reform efforts and deregulation at the state and national levels. 126 refs., 23 figs., 27 tabs.

  4. Copyright Law Reform: Some Achievable Goals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacQueen, Hector L

    2007-01-01

    Copyright law reform in the European Union. The chapter discusses possible actions in light of new and amended EU Directives and whether these balances rights' holders and users' interests....

  5. The Ambiguous Transition: Building State Capacity and Expanding Popular Participation in Venezuela's Agrarian Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page, Tiffany Linton

    2011-01-01

    the Democracy? Crisis and Reform in Venezuela. ” Journal ofLaura. 1997. Agrarian Reform and Class Consciousness inCristóbal. 1978. “Agrarian Reform and the Class Struggle in

  6. The politics of criminal law reform : a comparative analysis of lower court decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiede, Lydia Brashear

    2008-01-01

    the Goals of Sentencing Reform. Washington, DC: USSC.1991. “The Sentencing Reform Act of 1984: A Bold Approach to2008. “The Constitutional Reform Act 2005. ” Available at

  7. What Charter Reform Commissions Can Teach Us About a Proposed Constitutional Convention in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sonenshein, Raphael

    2010-01-01

    eds. 1995. Constitutional Reform in California. Berkeley:The Reemergence of Municipal Reform. New York: Academy ofin the Los Angeles Charter Reform of 1996-1999. ” In David

  8. Excellence through General Education: The Status of General Education Reform in Chinese Universities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liao, Xuehong

    2012-01-01

    of General Education Reform in Two Chinese Universities”.of general education reform. Change, 29(4), 18- AssociationGlobalization and educational reforms in Anglo-American

  9. The Political Economy of India’s Fiscal Federal System and its Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, M. Govinda; Singh, Nirvikar

    2006-01-01

    Political Economy and Issues for Reform, eds. , SatuIncentives, and Economic Reforms in India, New Delhi: Sageon Indian Economic Reform, June. Musgrave, Richard A. (

  10. The Resurgence of Land Reform Policy and Agrarian Movements in Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rachman, Noer Fauzi

    2011-01-01

    2006. Tafsir(an) Land Reform dalam Alur Sejarah Indonesia:Bibingka Strategy in Land Reform Implementation: Autonomous2006a. “Redistributive Land Reform in ‘Public (Forest) Land?

  11. You Must Learn! Hip-Hop Steps Into the Educational Reform Discourse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allahjah, Yusuf

    2012-01-01

    in School: Afrocentric reform, urban youth & the promise of2005). Standards-Based Reform and Low Performing Schools: AIn F. Hess, Urban School Reform: Lessons From San Diego,

  12. School Reform for Students of Color and English Learners: Leaving Pedagogy Behind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trujillo, Tina

    2011-01-01

    School Reform for Students of Color and English Learners:non-profit school reform organizations, universities, for-non- profit school reform organizations have proliferated in

  13. The Politics of Revenue-Raising Tax Reform in Latin America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fairfield, Tasha

    2010-01-01

    George, ed. 1998. “Fiscal Reforms in Low-Income Countries:Markets, and Structural Reform in Latin America. Miami:Imperatives and Tax Reform: Lessons from Postcommunist

  14. Is California Different? State-Specific Risk Adjustment Needs under Health Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fulton, Brent D.; Dow, William H.

    2011-01-01

    Adjustment Needs under Health Reform Brent D. Fulton andinsurance market under reform is the use of risk adjustmentplans. Keywords: health care reform, The Affordable Health

  15. Mayors, Markets and Municipal Reform: The Politics of Water Delivery in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera, Veronica Maria Sol

    2011-01-01

    Economy of Water Pricing Reforms. Washington, DC: WorldEconomy of Policy Reform. Washington, DC: Institute for2001. “Constructing Reform Coalitions: The Politics of

  16. Reform or Radicalism: Left Social Movements from the Battle of Seattle to Occupy Wall Street

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, James K; Carroll, Myles

    2014-01-01

    abstract antipathy towards ‘tepid reform’ and ‘unrealisticReform or Radicalism: Left Social Movements from the Battledynamism between radical and reform wings drove gains. This

  17. Prospects for Comprehensive Immigration Reform in 2012-2013: Accounting for Trends in Immigration Public Opinion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrejano, Marisa

    2013-01-01

    Comprehensive Immigration Reform in 2012-2013: Accountingpromised to make immigration reform a priority in his firstComprehensive Immigration Reform in 2012-2013 Accounting for

  18. Reforming of fuel inside fuel cell generator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Grimble, Ralph E. (Finleyville, PA)

    1988-01-01

    Disclosed is an improved method of reforming a gaseous reformable fuel within a solid oxide fuel cell generator, wherein the solid oxide fuel cell generator has a plurality of individual fuel cells in a refractory container, the fuel cells generating a partially spent fuel stream and a partially spent oxidant stream. The partially spent fuel stream is divided into two streams, spent fuel stream I and spent fuel stream II. Spent fuel stream I is burned with the partially spent oxidant stream inside the refractory container to produce an exhaust stream. The exhaust stream is divided into two streams, exhaust stream I and exhaust stream II, and exhaust stream I is vented. Exhaust stream II is mixed with spent fuel stream II to form a recycle stream. The recycle stream is mixed with the gaseous reformable fuel within the refractory container to form a fuel stream which is supplied to the fuel cells. Also disclosed is an improved apparatus which permits the reforming of a reformable gaseous fuel within such a solid oxide fuel cell generator. The apparatus comprises a mixing chamber within the refractory container, means for diverting a portion of the partially spent fuel stream to the mixing chamber, means for diverting a portion of exhaust gas to the mixing chamber where it is mixed with the portion of the partially spent fuel stream to form a recycle stream, means for injecting the reformable gaseous fuel into the recycle stream, and means for circulating the recycle stream back to the fuel cells.

  19. Position Number: (Assigned when added to Library)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Position Number: (Assigned when added to Library) 02016240 Dept: INST OF TRANSPORTATION STUDIES distributions to social media and trade media. 20% WEBSITE, SOCIAL MEDIA AND MEDIA MONITORING Monitor trends

  20. Hydrogen generation utilizing integrated CO2 removal with steam reforming

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Duraiswamy, Kandaswamy; Chellappa, Anand S

    2013-07-23

    A steam reformer may comprise fluid inlet and outlet connections and have a substantially cylindrical geometry divided into reforming segments and reforming compartments extending longitudinally within the reformer, each being in fluid communication. With the fluid inlets and outlets. Further, methods for generating hydrogen may comprise steam reformation and material adsorption in one operation followed by regeneration of adsorbers in another operation. Cathode off-gas from a fuel cell may be used to regenerate and sweep the adsorbers, and the operations may cycle among a plurality of adsorption enhanced reformers to provide a continuous flow of hydrogen.

  1. Electricity reform in Chile : lessons for developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollitt, Michael G.

    2004-01-01

    Chile was the first country in the world to implement a comprehensive reform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries only Argentina has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. ...

  2. Promoting Public Policy Reform from Inside and Outside Government

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Promoting Public Policy Reform from Inside and Outside Government Sponsored by SF-makers who have had the unique opportunity to fight for social policy reforms from both the inside

  3. The Role of Informatics in Health Care Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubin, Daniel L.

    The Role of Informatics in Health Care Reform Yueyi I. Liu, MD, PhD, Daniel L. Rubin, MD, MS reform. Informatics is crucial in tackling this challenge. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

  4. How Did Health Care Reform in Massachusetts Impact Insurance Premiums?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, John A.

    It is widely recognized that the 2006 Massachusetts health reforms served as a blueprint for national reform under the 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA). As such, there is interest in using the Massachusetts experience to ...

  5. Voting Systems and Election Reform: What Do Election Officials Think? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation contains two essays on the effect of welfare reform on child- birth, marriage, and divorce. In the first essay, I exploit the cross state variation in welfare reform implementation to identify its effect on birth rates. The results...

  6. INDIVIDUAL REFORM ELEMENTS .63Average course exam score

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    INDIVIDUAL REFORM ELEMENTS .63Average course exam score .11In class clicker score .02Lecture: · Correlations with effort/curricular elements are positive but not high, indicating no individual course reform

  7. Online appendix for Teacher Pay Reform and Productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    Online appendix for Teacher Pay Reform and Productivity by Sojourner, Mykerezi & West September 26 Figure 1: Effects of P4P-centered HRM reform on reading and math achievement as measured by the MCA

  8. Auxiliary reactor for a hydrocarbon reforming system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Clawson, Lawrence G.; Dorson, Matthew H.; Mitchell, William L.; Nowicki, Brian J.; Bentley, Jeffrey M.; Davis, Robert; Rumsey, Jennifer W.

    2006-01-17

    An auxiliary reactor for use with a reformer reactor having at least one reaction zone, and including a burner for burning fuel and creating a heated auxiliary reactor gas stream, and heat exchanger for transferring heat from auxiliary reactor gas stream and heat transfer medium, preferably two-phase water, to reformer reaction zone. Auxiliary reactor may include first cylindrical wall defining a chamber for burning fuel and creating a heated auxiliary reactor gas stream, the chamber having an inlet end, an outlet end, a second cylindrical wall surrounding first wall and a second annular chamber there between. The reactor being configured so heated auxiliary reactor gas flows out the outlet end and into and through second annular chamber and conduit which is disposed in second annular chamber, the conduit adapted to carry heat transfer medium and being connectable to reformer reaction zone for additional heat exchange.

  9. Thermally integrated staged methanol reformer and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Skala, Glenn William (Churchville, NY); Hart-Predmore, David James (Rochester, NY); Pettit, William Henry (Rochester, NY); Borup, Rodney Lynn (East Rochester, NY)

    2001-01-01

    A thermally integrated two-stage methanol reformer including a heat exchanger and first and second reactors colocated in a common housing in which a gaseous heat transfer medium circulates to carry heat from the heat exchanger into the reactors. The heat transfer medium comprises principally hydrogen, carbon dioxide, methanol vapor and water vapor formed in a first stage reforming reaction. A small portion of the circulating heat transfer medium is drawn off and reacted in a second stage reforming reaction which substantially completes the reaction of the methanol and water remaining in the drawn-off portion. Preferably, a PrOx reactor will be included in the housing upstream of the heat exchanger to supplement the heat provided by the heat exchanger.

  10. Pyrochlore catalysts for hydrocarbon fuel reforming

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berry, David A.; Shekhawat, Dushyant; Haynes, Daniel; Smith, Mark; Spivey, James J.

    2012-08-14

    A method of catalytically reforming a reactant gas mixture using a pyrochlore catalyst material comprised of one or more pyrochlores having the composition A2B2-y-zB'yB"zO7-.DELTA., where y>0 and z.gtoreq.0. Distribution of catalytically active metals throughout the structure at the B site creates an active and well dispersed metal locked into place in the crystal structure. This greatly reduces the metal sintering that typically occurs on supported catalysts used in reforming reactions, and reduces deactivation by sulfur and carbon. Further, oxygen mobility may also be enhanced by elemental exchange of promoters at sites in the pyrochlore. The pyrochlore catalyst material may be utilized in catalytic reforming reactions for the conversion of hydrocarbon fuels into synthesis gas (H2+CO) for fuel cells, among other uses.

  11. Supported metal catalysts for alcohol/sugar alcohol steam reforming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, Stephen; Zhang, He; Sun, Junming; Wang, Yong

    2014-08-21

    Despite extensive studies on hydrogen production via steam reforming of alcohols and sugar alcohols, catalysts typically suffer a variety of issues from poor hydrogen selectivity to rapid deactivation. Here, we summarize recent advances in fundamental understanding of functionality and structure of catalysts for alcohol/sugar alcohol steam reforming, and provide perspectives on further development required to design highly efficient steam reforming catalysts.

  12. Data reconciliation and optimal operation of a catalytic naphtha reformer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    Data reconciliation and optimal operation of a catalytic naphtha reformer Tore Lid Statoil Mongstad model of a semiregenerative catalytic naphtha reformer, involving five pseudo components, was presented) developed a more de- tailed model of a semiregenerative catalytic naphtha reformer, involving 35 pseudo

  13. Data reconciliation and optimal operation of a catalytic naphtha reformer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    Data reconciliation and optimal operation of a catalytic naphtha reformer Tore Lid Statoil Mongstad of a semiregenerative catalytic naphtha reformer, involving 35 pseudo compo- nents. They claimed that the simplified-mail:skoge@chemeng.ntnu.no) #12;Abstract The naphtha reforming process converts low-octane gasoline blending compo- nents to high

  14. Longevity, Life-cycle Behavior and Pension Reform , Victoria Prowse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandrova, Ivana

    Longevity, Life-cycle Behavior and Pension Reform Peter Haan , Victoria Prowse July 4, 2011 Abstract How can public pension systems be reformed to ensure fiscal stability in the face of increasing and retirement behavior. Keywords: Life Expectancy; Public Pension Reform; Retirement; Employment; Life

  15. Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Ofqual: A level Reform Consultation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Ofqual: A level Reform Consultation September 2012 1 Ofqual: A Level Reform Consultation Response by the Wellcome Trust September 2012 Key Points National Subject to university. We are therefore pleased to respond to this consultation on reforming A levels. Our comments

  16. The Myth of "Broken Britain": Welfare Reform and the Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Myth of "Broken Britain": Welfare Reform and the Production of Ignorance Tom Slater School, dependency) is repeatedly invoked by the architects of welfare reform to manufacture ignorance of alternative. Keywords: agnotology, welfare reform, Broken Society, Big Society, Iain Duncan-Smith, think tanks

  17. Reformation and Revolution in Early Modern England History 418

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    1 Reformation and Revolution in Early Modern England History 418 Consider Resources Primary (Online) Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation (Online) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online and reformation B. Look up Historical Figures, Organizations, and Agencies... If you know of a person involved

  18. the triple aim MEETING THE GOAL OF HEALTH REFORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    the triple aim MEETING THE GOAL OF HEALTH REFORM Produced by OHSU Strategic Communications -- emphasizing shared decision-making and coordination between providers -- could influence reform in a big way care. health reform is about getting better health outcomes for our communities, improving access

  19. Patent Reform: Aligning Reward and Contribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    4 Patent Reform: Aligning Reward and Contribution Carl Shapiro, University of California the current U.S. patent system allows patent holders to capture private rewards that exceed their social with the patent system and discourage in- novation by others. Economic efficiency is promoted if rewards to patent

  20. Asymmetric Multiclass Traffic Assignment: a coherent formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toint, Philippe

    of the asymmetric multiclass traffic assignment model are brought to light. A new formulation is presented, multiclass cost functions. A numerical calibration exercise for a car and truck class model concludes in the definition of coherent multiple value­of­time class and car­and­truck class models, and in the calibration

  1. E cient Sequential Assignment with Incomplete Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandholm, Tuomas W.

    ). Examples of such settings include the dynamic allocation of limited resources among incoming projects.5.2008 Abstract We study the welfare maximizing assignment of several heterogenous, commonly ranked objects in this class. We then obtain several properties of the welfare maximizing pol- icy using stochastic dominance

  2. Problem Set 5 Assigned October 25 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, David

    sigma to sigma*k*k*k*k*k. Include these six images when you turn in your assignment. 2. 40 points: Blob of images, by smoothing them repeatedly. We choose the magic numbers sigma = 1.6 and k = 21/3 . Given these numbers, we want to smooth an input image using a Gaussian with a standard deviation of sigma, sigma

  3. Problem Set 5 Assigned April 1 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, David

    ranging from sigma to sigma*k*k*k*k*k. Include these six images when you turn in your assignment. Note representation of images, by smoothing them repeatedly. We choose the magic numbers sigma = 1.6 and k = 21/3 . Given these numbers, we want to smooth an input image by sigma, sigma*k, sigma*k*k, sigma

  4. The Dynamic Assignment Problem Michael Z. Spivey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    industry Powell (1996). Drivers call in over time asking to be assigned to loads. Customers call in loads have generally restricted research to myopic models. In this paper, we address the simpler dynamic companies all have to manage fleets of containers (trucks, boxcars and inter- modal containers) which move

  5. Hydrocarbon reforming catalyst material and configuration of the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Singh, Prabhakar (Export, PA); Shockling, Larry A. (Plum Borough, PA); George, Raymond A. (Pittsburgh, PA); Basel, Richard A. (Plub Borough, PA)

    1996-01-01

    A hydrocarbon reforming catalyst material comprising a catalyst support impregnated with catalyst is provided for reforming hydrocarbon fuel gases in an electrochemical generator. Elongated electrochemical cells convert the fuel to electrical power in the presence of an oxidant, after which the spent fuel is recirculated and combined with a fresh hydrocarbon feed fuel forming the reformable gas mixture which is fed to a reforming chamber containing a reforming catalyst material, where the reforming catalyst material includes discrete passageways integrally formed along the length of the catalyst support in the direction of reformable gas flow. The spent fuel and/or combusted exhaust gases discharged from the generator chamber transfer heat to the catalyst support, which in turn transfers heat to the reformable gas and to the catalyst, preferably via a number of discrete passageways disposed adjacent one another in the reforming catalyst support. The passageways can be slots extending inwardly from an outer surface of the support body, which slots are partly defined by an exterior confining wall. According to a preferred embodiment, the catalyst support is non-rigid, porous, fibrous alumina, wherein the fibers are substantially unsintered and compressible, and the reforming catalyst support is impregnated, at least in the discrete passageways with Ni and MgO, and has a number of internal slot passageways for reformable gas, the slot passageways being partly closed by a containing outer wall.

  6. Hydrocarbon reforming catalyst material and configuration of the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Singh, P.; Shockling, L.A.; George, R.A.; Basel, R.A.

    1996-06-18

    A hydrocarbon reforming catalyst material comprising a catalyst support impregnated with catalyst is provided for reforming hydrocarbon fuel gases in an electrochemical generator. Elongated electrochemical cells convert the fuel to electrical power in the presence of an oxidant, after which the spent fuel is recirculated and combined with a fresh hydrocarbon feed fuel forming the reformable gas mixture which is fed to a reforming chamber containing a reforming catalyst material, where the reforming catalyst material includes discrete passageways integrally formed along the length of the catalyst support in the direction of reformable gas flow. The spent fuel and/or combusted exhaust gases discharged from the generator chamber transfer heat to the catalyst support, which in turn transfers heat to the reformable gas and to the catalyst, preferably via a number of discrete passageways disposed adjacent one another in the reforming catalyst support. The passageways can be slots extending inwardly from an outer surface of the support body, which slots are partly defined by an exterior confining wall. According to a preferred embodiment, the catalyst support is non-rigid, porous, fibrous alumina, wherein the fibers are substantially unsintered and compressible, and the reforming catalyst support is impregnated, at least in the discrete passageways with Ni and MgO, and has a number of internal slot passageways for reformable gas, the slot passageways being partly closed by a containing outer wall. 5 figs.

  7. Medicaid Expansion and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: Lessons and Hopes for Implementation of Healthcare Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kieber-Emmons, Autumn; Bodenheimer, Thomas; Grumbach, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    Coverage under Health Care Reform. UCLA Center for HealthHow Will Health Care Reform Affect Costs and Coverage? – Ex-Implementing Healthcare Reform in California. ” NEJM Epub. (

  8. Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2004-06-18

    The order defines a program for unclassified foreign national access to Department of Energy sites, information, and technologies. The page change streamlines the HQs Management Panel review process to include reviews by HSS, IN, and a representative of the cognizant under secretary for access requests involving foreign nationals. Cancels Secretarial Memorandum, Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments, dated 7-14-99; Memorandum from Francis S. Blake, Departmental Use of Foreign Access Central Tracking System, dated 11-05-01; Memorandum from Kyle E. McSlarrow, Interim Guidance for Implementation of the Department's Unclassified Foreign Visits and Assignments Program, dated 12-17-02; and Secretarial Memorandum, Policy Exclusion for Unclassified Foreign National's Access to Department of Energy Facilities in Urgent or Emergency Medical Situations, dated 4-10-01. Cancels: DOE P 142.1 and DOE N 142.1

  9. Autothermal reforming catalyst having perovskite structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krumpel, Michael (Naperville, IL); Liu, Di-Jia (Naperville, IL)

    2009-03-24

    The invention addressed two critical issues in fuel processing for fuel cell application, i.e. catalyst cost and operating stability. The existing state-of-the-art fuel reforming catalyst uses Rh and platinum supported over refractory oxide which add significant cost to the fuel cell system. Supported metals agglomerate under elevated temperature during reforming and decrease the catalyst activity. The catalyst is a perovskite oxide or a Ruddlesden-Popper type oxide containing rare-earth elements, catalytically active firs row transition metal elements, and stabilizing elements, such that the catalyst is a single phase in high temperature oxidizing conditions and maintains a primarily perovskite or Ruddlesden-Popper structure under high temperature reducing conditions. The catalyst can also contain alkaline earth dopants, which enhance the catalytic activity of the catalyst, but do not compromise the stability of the perovskite structure.

  10. Autothermal hydrodesulfurizing reforming method and catalyst

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krumpelt, Michael; Kopasz, John P.; Ahmed, Shabbir; Kao, Richard Li-chih; Randhava, Sarabjit Singh

    2005-11-22

    A method for reforming a sulfur-containing carbonaceous fuel in which the sulfur-containing carbonaceous fuel is mixed with H.sub.2 O and an oxidant, forming a fuel/H.sub.2 O/oxidant mixture. The fuel H.sub.2 O/oxidant mixture is brought into contact with a catalyst composition comprising a dehydrogenation portion, an oxidation portion and a hydrodesulfurization portion, resulting in formation of a hydrogen-containing gas stream.

  11. Will electricity market reform likely reduce retail rates?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woo, C.K.; Zarnikau, Jay

    2009-03-15

    To win public support, proponents for electricity market reform to introduce competition often promise that the post-reform retail rates will be lower than the average embedded cost rates that would have prevailed under the status quo of a regulated monopoly. A simple economic analysis shows that such a promise is unlikely to occur without the critical assumption that the post-reform market has marginal costs below average costs. (author)

  12. Linear Sum Assignment Algorithms for Distributed Multi-robot Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Lantao

    2013-04-30

    first propose a strongly polynomial assignment sensitivity analysis algorithm as well as a means to measure the assignment uncertainties; after that we propose a novel method to address problems of multi-robot routing and formation morphing...

  13. Pyrochem Catalysts for Diesel Fuel Reforming - Energy Innovation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Vehicles and Fuels Vehicles and Fuels Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Return to Search Pyrochem Catalysts for Diesel Fuel Reforming National Energy Technology...

  14. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Short Contact Time Hydrogen Generator, Wei Wei, GE Global Research Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming, Darlene Steward, National Renewable Energy Laboratory High-Pressure Steam...

  15. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) on October 24, 2006, in Baltimore, Maryland. The Working Group is addressing technical challenges to distributed...

  16. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Targets

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation by Arlene Anderson at the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting.

  17. Before the House Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Oversight and Government Reform ubcommittee on Government Management, Organization, and Procurement By: Kathleen Hogan, Deputy Assistant Secretary Office of Energy Efficiency and...

  18. Distributed Reforming of Renewable Liquids via Water Splitting...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    using Oxygen Transport Membrane (OTM) (Presentation) Presented at the 2007 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group held November 6, 2007 in...

  19. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Purification Working Group (PURIWG) & Hydrogen Production Technical Team Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG), Hydrogen Separation...

  20. Prospects for Comprehensive Immigration Reform in 2012-2013: Accounting for Trends in Immigration Public Opinion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrejano, Marisa

    2013-01-01

    Reform in 2012-2013: Accounting for Trends in ImmigrationReform in 2012-2013 Accounting for Trends in ImmigrationReform in 2012-2013 Accounting for Trends in Immigration

  1. Negotiating Education Reform: Teacher Evaluations and Incentives in Chile (1990-2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mizala, Alejandra

    Reforms designed to improve the quality of teaching by reforming personnel practices, such as pay for performance arrangements, usually run into opposition from well-organized teacher unions that can either block reform ...

  2. Statutory Damages in Copyright Law: A Remedy in Need of Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuelson, Pamela; Wheatland, Tara

    2009-01-01

    consider whether legislative reform of U.S. statutory damagewe consider whether statutory reform might be desirable toTo put our suggestions for reform of U.S. statutory damages

  3. The rules of ruling : charter reform in Los Angeles, 1850-2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingram, James Warren

    2008-01-01

    the Challenges of Charter Reform, Kevin F. McCarthy, Stevenof Los Angeles Charter Reform,” Appendix B of Meetingthe Challenges of Charter Reform, Kevin F. McCarthy, Steven

  4. Californians Newly Eligible for Medi-Cal under Health Care Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pourat, Nadereh; Martinez, Ana E.; Kominski, Gerald F.

    2011-01-01

    for Medi-Cal under Health Care Reform Nadereh Pourat, Ana E.implementation of health care reform by incorporating manyCal under Health Care Reform. Los Angeles, CA: UCLA Center

  5. Modernization and Post-1978 Chinese Educational Reform: Impact on a Migrating Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Weiling

    2013-01-01

    upon the new curricular reform in China. Curriculum,A. Park (Eds. ). Education and Reform in China, (pp. 27-43).in Chinese educational reform. Journal of Education Studies,

  6. Managing Multiple Mandates : : Teachers' Practice in the Nexus of Educational Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasselbrink, Stephanie Lynn

    2014-01-01

    M. B. (1992). Getting reform right: What works and whatfor comprehensive school reform. In G. Orfield & E. H.Facts, not fads, in Title I reform (pp. 111-119). Cambridge,

  7. The Politics of School Reform: A Broader and Bolder Approach for Newark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noguera, Pedro A.; Wells, Lauren

    2011-01-01

    economy of urban educational reform. New York, NY: TeachersR. F. (2004). School reform from the inside out: Policy,The Politics of School Reform 23 Gonzalez, J. (2010, May

  8. WebAssign information PHYS 218 Spring 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Joseph

    WebAssign information ­ PHYS 218 Spring 2015 Labs will be done this semester using WebAssign. Each started Go to www.webassign.net/tamu/login.html and login with your NetID and password. Web section (it is probably your only option). This will take you to the WebAssign Notices page where you

  9. RTL Hardware Design Chapter 4 1 Concurrent Signal Assignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Pong P.

    1 RTL Hardware Design Chapter 4 1 Concurrent Signal Assignment Statements RTL Hardware Design signal assignment RTL Hardware Design Chapter 4 3 1. Combinational vs. sequential circuit · Combinational · Sequential circuit to be discussed later RTL Hardware Design Chapter 4 4 2. Simple signal assignment

  10. Drug Research Assignment This assignment asks you choose a drug and learn how it works. This is NOT a writing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gates, Kent. S.

    CHEM 4170 Drug Research Assignment This assignment asks you choose a drug and learn how it works. This is NOT a writing assignment, this is a literature research project. The data for your drug will be presented below. Do not choose a drug that has been discussed in detail in Silverman's Book or in class. You may

  11. Investigation of Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming over Cobalt-based...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming over Cobalt-based Catalysts (Presentation) Investigation of Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming over Cobalt-based Catalysts (Presentation) Presented at the 2007...

  12. Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal J.H. Williams, R. Ghanadan-3050, USA Abstract Since about 1990, many developing and transition countries have undertaken market-oriented reforms in their electric power sectors. Despite the widespread adoption of a standard policy model

  13. ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Sector Reform in Greece

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Sector Reform in Greece by Ekaterini Iliadou Lawyer - Legal Department of the electricity market reform in Greece which started in 2001 and is still developing slowly. This is related to the persisting dominance of the incumbent company and the specificities of the electricity sector of Greece

  14. Electricity Reform Abroad and U.S. Investment

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1997-01-01

    Reviews and analyzes the recent electricity reforms in Argentina, Australia, and the United Kingdom in an attempt to better understand how different models of privatization and reform have worked in practice. This report also analyzes the motivations of the U.S. companies who have invested in the electricity industries of Argentina, Australia, and the United Kingdom.

  15. Oxidative Reforming of Biodiesel Over Molybdenum (IV) Oxide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    molybdenum dioxide displays excellent behavior as catalytic material for the oxidative reforming of bothOxidative Reforming of Biodiesel Over Molybdenum (IV) Oxide Jessica Whalen, Oscar Marin Flores, Su candidate as an effective catalyst for biodiesel. Few papers have been published on the topic of catalytic

  16. Steam reforming of fuel to hydrogen in fuel cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fraioli, Anthony V. (Hawthorne Woods, IL); Young, John E. (Woodridge, IL)

    1984-01-01

    A fuel cell capable of utilizing a hydrocarbon such as methane as fuel and having an internal dual catalyst system within the anode zone, the dual catalyst system including an anode catalyst supporting and in heat conducting relationship with a reforming catalyst with heat for the reforming reaction being supplied by the reaction at the anode catalyst.

  17. Steam reforming of fuel to hydrogen in fuel cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Young, J.E.; Fraioli, A.V.

    1983-07-13

    A fuel cell is described capable of utilizing a hydrocarbon such as methane as fuel and having an internal dual catalyst system within the anode zone, the dual catalyst system including an anode catalyst supporting and in heat conducting relationship with a reforming catalyst with heat for the reforming reaction being supplied by the reaction at the anode catalyst.

  18. Labor Relations Unit Assignments 5/1/2014 Current ELR Unit Assignments 042814.xls 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    Gina Harwood H 1009388 Adult Infusion Bulkly Gina Harwood H 1009792 Adult IV Infusion Center Gina Biology & Human Anatomy: MED Veronica Busby H 1009649 Center for Nursing Research Julia Halladay S MTEC Harwood H 1009691 Clinical Nurse Specialists Julia Halladay #12;Labor Relations Unit Assignments 5

  19. HealtH reform and oHsu how we'll change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    HealtH reform and oHsu how we'll change Health reform will touch all of oHsu's missions. the coming will have to grow and adapt to meet new challenges. For years, health reform has been a political football for academic health centers like OHSU to truly lead. Reform will touch all of OHSU's missions. Our hospitals

  20. Paper ID #10519 Sustainable Reform of "Introductory Dynamics" Driven by a Community of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Matthew

    Paper ID #10519 Sustainable Reform of "Introductory Dynamics" Driven by a Community of Practice;Sustainable Reform of Introductory Dynamics Driven by a Community of Practice Abstract The Strategic to initiate reforms, SIIP aims to improve the sustainability of reforms by forming Communities of Practice (Co

  1. 2007 DOE Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    )(organic fraction) DistillationDistillation Reformation of ethanolReformation of ethanol Biogas reformationBiogas Deactivation/Regeneration #12;Overview of the Economic Analysis Strategies Process Mass and Heat Balance for reaction and heating; Reformer is simulated as RYield with temperature at 450oC and furnace is simulated

  2. M. Bahrami ENSC 388 Assignment # 1 1 Assignment #1 (Basic Concepts)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    ) and the upper half with oil that has a specific gravity of 0.85. Determine the pressure difference between OIL s=0.85 h=10 m #12; M. Bahrami ENSC 388 Assignment # 1 3 Problem 1: Pg=80 kPa Find h if: a) Fluid is mercury (Hg=13,600 kg/m3 ) b) Fluid is mercury (H2O=1000 kg/m3 ) - Assumption

  3. Computer Science 349: Assignment 2 Due: Monday February 23, 2009 at 11:00am

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephenson, Ben

    hundred ninety nine" Assignment2> num2words "" #12;Appropriate Error Message Assignment2> num2words "asdf

  4. Math 13800 Assignment Sheet Spring 2014 Math 13800 web page ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roames, Renee S

    2014-01-08

    Math 13800. Assignment Sheet. Spring 2014. Text: Reconceptualizing Mathematics , 2nd Edition by Sowder, Sowder, & Nickerson. W.H. Freeman, 2014

  5. Recognizing and Assigning ESPC Risks and Responsibilities Using...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ESPC Risks and Responsibilities Using the Risk, Responsibility, and Performance Matrix Recognizing and Assigning ESPC Risks and Responsibilities Using the Risk,...

  6. Energy management in wireless healthcare systems using dynamic task assignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aghera, Priti

    2010-01-01

    wireless sensor networks(WSN) [18], [23] and [17] recently.work in task assignment in WSN, our strategy is able to work

  7. FOAM (Functional Ontology Assignments for Metagenomes): A Hidden...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Ontology Assignments for Metagenomes): A Hidden Markov Model (HMM) database with environmental focus Citation Details In-Document Search Title: FOAM (Functional Ontology...

  8. Thermally efficient melting and fuel reforming for glass making

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, Michael S. (Zionsville, PA); Painter, Corning F. (Allentown, PA); Pastore, Steven P. (Allentown, PA); Roth, Gary S. (Trexlertown, PA); Winchester, David C. (Allentown, PA)

    1991-01-01

    An integrated process for utilizing waste heat from a glass making furnace. The hot off-gas from the furnace is initially partially cooled, then fed to a reformer. In the reformer, the partially cooled off-gas is further cooled against a hydrocarbon which is thus reformed into a synthesis gas, which is then fed into the glass making furnace as a fuel. The further cooled off-gas is then recycled back to absorb the heat from the hot off-gas to perform the initial cooling.

  9. Thermally efficient melting and fuel reforming for glass making

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, M.S.; Painter, C.F.; Pastore, S.P.; Roth, G.S.; Winchester, D.C.

    1991-10-15

    An integrated process is described for utilizing waste heat from a glass making furnace. The hot off-gas from the furnace is initially partially cooled, then fed to a reformer. In the reformer, the partially cooled off-gas is further cooled against a hydrocarbon which is thus reformed into a synthesis gas, which is then fed into the glass making furnace as a fuel. The further cooled off-gas is then recycled back to absorb the heat from the hot off-gas to perform the initial cooling. 2 figures.

  10. The stability of coerced economic reform : the case of IPR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcox, Trudy

    2005-01-01

    Theories in international relations posit, and empirical evidence has verified, that unwilling states can be compelled by another state or by an international institution to enact domestic policy reform. However, these ...

  11. Estimate of resources required for a meaningful reform of education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glazek, Stanislaw D

    2012-01-01

    A simple estimate in terms of currency units shows that a meaningful educational reform process can be launched and sustained over many generations of teachers with support of parents of students. In the estimate, the steady inflow of resources from parents provides support for advanced studies by teachers. Not to waste the resources on spurious activities, the estimated inflow proceeds directly from the parents as clients to the providers of required reform program. The providers are the experts in various disciplines who excel in helping teachers become great. Their services to teachers are ultimately assessed by parents on the basis of changes in behavior of children. The resulting reform program grows slowly from small seeds. The running cost of the reform process to parents appears surprisingly low while its development leads to the desired changes over time.

  12. School Finance Reform: Do Equalized Expenditures Imply Equalized Teacher Salaries?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Streams, Meg; Butler, J.S.; Cowen, Joshua; Fowles, Jacob; Toma, Eugenia T.

    2011-10-01

    school finance and curricular reform is highly salient for understanding teacher labor market dynamics. This study examines the time path of teacher salaries in Appalachian and non-Appalachian Kentucky using a novel teacher-level administrative data set...

  13. The NCAA's Academic Performance Program: Academic Reform or Academic Racism?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackman, Phillip C.

    2008-01-01

    Academic Reform or Academic Racism? Phillip C. Blackman* I.or Merely to Promote Racism? ,14 N.Y.L Sch. J. Hum. Rts.and sorrowful continuation of racism in this country, this

  14. High Pressure Ethanol Reforming for Distributed Hydrogen Production

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation by S. Ahmed and S.H.D. Lee at the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting.

  15. Process Reform, Security and Suitability- December 17, 2008

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This is to report on the progress made to improve the timeliness and effectiveness of our hiring and clearing decisions and the specific plan to reform the process further, in accordance with our initial proposals made in April ofthis year.

  16. Before the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Office of Nuclear Energy Before the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on the Interior 4-22-15JohnKotek FT HOGR.pdf More Documents &...

  17. Faculty perceptions of presidential leadership in urban school reform 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClendon, Rodney Prescott

    2009-06-02

    The study examined urban university faculty members’ perceptions of their presidents’ leadership role in urban school reform. The population for this study consisted of faculty members from five urban research universities. All of the universities...

  18. LAND REFORM IN NAMIBIA: AN ANALYSIS OF MEDIA COVERAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelbrecht, Petrus J.

    2014-08-31

    in ensuring that land reform is successfully designed and executed. The media informs the public, sets the public and political agenda, holds the government accountable, and serves as a public sphere. This project analyses Namibia's three primary daily...

  19. Optimal Multiple Assignments with (,)-Scheme for General Access Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Optimal Multiple Assignments with (,)-Scheme for General Access Structures Qiang Li, Xiangxue Li to construct an optimal multiple assignment with threshold schemes for general access structure. In this paper the values of either 0 or 1. We also show that given a complete access structure, an optimal scheme may

  20. Counting Mountain-Valley Assignments for Flat Folds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hull, Thomas C.

    Counting Mountain-Valley Assignments for Flat Folds Thomas Hull Department of Mathematics Merrimack), a mountain-valley (MV) assignment is a function f : E {M,V} which indicates which crease lines are con- vex can be thought of as a structural blueprint of the fold.) Creases come in two types: mountain creases

  1. SIGNAL-PATH LEVEL ASSIGNMENT FOR DUAL-Vt TECHNIQUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yu

    be assigned to some of the transistors in the non-critical paths and a lower Vt is assigned to other to get the critical paths and non-critical paths of the circuit much faster and with more accuracy. The gates in the critical paths will remain unchanged to maintain the performance; and the gates in the non-critical

  2. Runtime Assignment of Reconfigurable Hardware Components for Image Processing Pipelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meleis, Waleed

    Runtime Assignment of Reconfigurable Hardware Components for Image Processing Pipelines Heather balance the benefits and costs of using FPGAs. Image processing applications of- ten consist of a pipeline implementations of image processing algorithms for a given problem. The pipeline assignment problem chooses from

  3. TIGER:Thermal-Aware File Assignment in Storage Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Xiao

    TIGER:Thermal-Aware File Assignment in Storage Clusters Ajit Chavan, Xunfei Jiang, Mohemmad I/O performance. I. INTRODUCTION Thermal management for power-dense storage clusters can address cooling problems. The following three factors make thermal-aware file assign- ment desirabe and practical for storage clusters

  4. Reforming the Power Sector in Transition: Do Institutions Matter?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nepal, Rabindra; Jamasb, Tooraj

    and Uzbekistan. Besides these countries, Turkey and Mongolia are also included in the group of transition economies as per European Bank of Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) areas of operation. 2 For instance, the oil and gas exports for Turkmenistan... ). Stiglitz (1999) argues that the enforcement mechanisms of reforms (including  power  sector  reforms) were weak  as  the  state’s  legal  and  judicial  capacities were  limited during the transition process brewing inefficient rent...

  5. New Voices in U.S. Immigration Debates: Latino and Asian American Attitudes Toward the Building Blocks of Comprehensive Immigration Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeSipio, Louis

    2014-01-01

    Louis. 2013. “Immigration Reforms from the Perspective ofthe Target of the Reform: Immigrant Generation and LatinoPreferences on Immigration Reform. ” In Gary P. Freeman,

  6. Media Framing Of U.S. Health Care Reform: A New Era Or Reinforcing Dominant Ideologies Of Health And The Health Care System?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaworski, Beth Kristen

    2012-01-01

    values shaping today’s health reform debate. Health Affairs,back on health care reform: “No easy choices. ” Healthopinion and health care reform. Defining Ideas. Retrieved

  7. Some courses use both Blackboard and WebAssign. Your instructor linked the WebAssign and Blackboard courses so you can access WebAssign directly from Blackboard. Once the instructor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanislavova, Milena

    LOG IN Some courses use both Blackboard and WebAssign. Your instructor linked the WebAssign and Blackboard courses so you can access WebAssign directly from Blackboard. Once the instructor syncs the Blackboard class roster, you are automatically enrolled in the WebAssign course

  8. From the Frontlines to the Bottom Line: Medical Marijuana, the War on Drugs, and the Drug Policy Reform Movement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heddleston, Thomas Reed

    2012-01-01

    1993. “Cannabis: Legal Reform, Medicinal Use and HarmBruce 2004. "Drug Policy Reform and Its Detractors: TheRobins. 2003. Cannabis Law Reform in Canada: Is the “Saga of

  9. Identifying mistakes to discipline a New State : the rectification campaigns in China's land reform, 1946-1952

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Jiangsui

    2008-01-01

    de tudi gaige [The land reform during the war of liberation,Projects…………………………………..84 Chapter Three Land Reform andMistakes: Land Reform in Xigou………………………………87 I. Xigou and

  10. New Orleans Education Reform: A Guide for Cities or a Warning for Communities? (Grassroots Lessons Learned, 2005-2012)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buras, Kristen L.; Urban South Grassroots Research Collective, Members

    2013-01-01

    Orleans-style education reform: A guide for cities (Lessonspolitics of corporate school reform (pp. 160–188). New York,April 26). New Orleans school reform: Pass or fail? (Askwith

  11. A Family Affair: The Marriage of Elizabeth Cady and Henry Brewster Stanton and the Development of Reform Politics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Linda Christine

    2012-01-01

    and the Crusade for Social Reform Hamilton, NY: Log Cabinof the splits within the reform-minded congregations. InElizur Wright and the Reform Impulse Kent, Ohio: The Kent

  12. Robust and decentralized task assignment algorithms for UAVs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alighanbari, Mehdi, 1976-

    2007-01-01

    This thesis investigates the problem of decentralized task assignment for a fleet of UAVs. The main objectives of this work are to improve the robustness to noise and uncertainties in the environment and improve the ...

  13. Track Assignment Considering Crosstalk-Induced Performance Degradation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Qiong

    2012-07-16

    Track assignment is a critical step between global routing and detailed routing in modern VLSI chip designs. It greatly affects some very important design characteristics, such as routability, via usage and timing performance. ...

  14. Observability of Origin-Destination matrices for Dynamic Traffic Assignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Ashish, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2005-01-01

    The estimation of dynamic Origin-Destination (O-D) matrices from aggregated sensor counts is one of the most important and well-researched problems in Dynamic Traffic Assignment (DTA) systems. In practice, more often than ...

  15. Off-line calibration of Dynamic Traffic Assignment models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balakrishna, Ramachandran, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    Advances in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) have resulted in the deployment of surveillance systems that automatically collect and store extensive network-wide traffic data. Dynamic Traffic Assignment (DTA) models ...

  16. Passenger-to-train assignment model based on automated data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Yiwen, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    This thesis aims at developing a methodology for assigning passengers to individual trains using: (i) fare transaction records from Automatic Fare Collection (AFC) system and (ii) the train tracking data from Automatic ...

  17. Assigning phrase breaks from part-of-speech sequences 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Paul; Black, Alan W

    This paper presents an algorithm for automatically assigning phrase breaks to unrestricted text for use in a text-to-speech synthesizer. Text is first converted into a sequence of part-of-speech tags. Next a Markov model ...

  18. Assigning phrase breaks from part-of-speech sequences. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Alan W; Taylor, Paul A

    1997-01-01

    One of the important stages in the process of turning unmarked text into speech is the assignment of appropriate phrase break boundaries. Phrase break boundaries are important to later modules including accent ...

  19. Self-determination and student involvement in standards-based reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehmeyer, Michael L.; Field, Sharon; Doren, Bonnie; Jones, Bonnie; Mason, Christine

    2004-01-01

    of the current educational context. We particularly examine the role of promoting self-determination in light of federal standards-based reform initiatives. We conclude that school reform efforts provide an opportunity to infuse instruction in self...

  20. Heavy-Duty NOx Emissions Control: Reformer-Assisted vs. Plasma...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    NOx Emissions Control: Reformer-Assisted vs. Plasma-Facilitated Lean NOx Catalysis Heavy-Duty NOx Emissions Control: Reformer-Assisted vs. Plasma-Facilitated Lean NOx Catalysis...

  1. Evaluating the Evidence on Electricity Reform: Lessons for the South East Europe (SEE) Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollitt, Michael G.

    This paper discusses the evidence on electricity reform and relates it to the current situation of the South East Europe (SEE) electricity market. We begin by discussing the main elements of the European Union (EU) electricity reform model. Then we...

  2. Reforming pharmaceutical regulation: a case study of generic drugs in Brazil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fonseca, Elize Massard da

    2011-12-09

    Brazil is renowned worldwide for its remarkable reforms in pharmaceutical regulation, which have enhanced access to essential medicines while lowering drug costs. As part of these reforms, the Generic Drug Act was introduced in 1999. This policy...

  3. Reforming pharmaceutical regulation: a case study of generic drugs in Brazil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fonseca, Elize Massard

    2012-06-29

    Brazil is renowned worldwide for its remarkable reforms in pharmaceutical regulation, which have enhanced access to essential medicines while lowering drug costs. As part of these reforms, the Generic Drug Act was ...

  4. 10 December 2009 Educators for Reform response to HEFCE Research Excellence Framework consultation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowther, Paul

    1 10 December 2009 Educators for Reform response to HEFCE Research Excellence Framework that is already taking place in the private sector. Instead research funding should be reformed to give more

  5. Producing Clean Syngas via Catalytic Reforming for Fuels Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Magrini, K. A.; Parent, Y.; Jablonski, W.; Yung, M.

    2012-01-01

    Thermochemical biomass conversion to fuels and chemicals can be achieved through gasification to syngas. The biomass derived raw syngas contains the building blocks of carbon monoxide and hydrogen as well as impurities such as tars, light hydrocarbons, and hydrogen sulfide. These impurities must be removed prior to fuel synthesis. We used catalytic reforming to convert tars and hydrocarbons to additional syngas, which increases biomass carbon utilization. In this work, nickel based, fluidizable tar reforming catalysts were synthesized and evaluated for tar and methane reforming performance with oak and model syngas in two types of pilot scale fluidized reactors (recirculating and recirculating regenerating). Because hydrogen sulfide (present in raw syngas and added to model syngas) reacts with the active nickel surface, regeneration with steam and hydrogen was required. Pre and post catalyst characterization showed changes specific to the syngas type used. Results of this work will be discussed in the context of selecting the best process for pilot scale demonstration.

  6. High performance internal reforming unit for high temperature fuel cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ma, Zhiwen (Sandy Hook, CT); Venkataraman, Ramakrishnan (New Milford, CT); Novacco, Lawrence J. (Brookfield, CT)

    2008-10-07

    A fuel reformer having an enclosure with first and second opposing surfaces, a sidewall connecting the first and second opposing surfaces and an inlet port and an outlet port in the sidewall. A plate assembly supporting a catalyst and baffles are also disposed in the enclosure. A main baffle extends into the enclosure from a point of the sidewall between the inlet and outlet ports. The main baffle cooperates with the enclosure and the plate assembly to establish a path for the flow of fuel gas through the reformer from the inlet port to the outlet port. At least a first directing baffle extends in the enclosure from one of the sidewall and the main baffle and cooperates with the plate assembly and the enclosure to alter the gas flow path. Desired graded catalyst loading pattern has been defined for optimized thermal management for the internal reforming high temperature fuel cells so as to achieve high cell performance.

  7. Pyrochlore-type catalysts for the reforming of hydrocarbon fuels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berry, David A. (Morgantown, WV); Shekhawat, Dushyant (Morgantown, WV); Haynes, Daniel (Morgantown, WV); Smith, Mark (Morgantown, WV); Spivey, James J. (Baton Rouge, LA)

    2012-03-13

    A method of catalytically reforming a reactant gas mixture using a pyrochlore catalyst material comprised of one or more pyrochlores having the composition A.sub.2-w-xA'.sub.wA''.sub.xB.sub.2-y-zB'.sub.yB''.sub.zO.sub.7-.DELTA.. Distribution of catalytically active metals throughout the structure at the B site creates an active and well dispersed metal locked into place in the crystal structure. This greatly reduces the metal sintering that typically occurs on supported catalysts used in reforming reactions, and reduces deactivation by sulfur and carbon. Further, oxygen mobility may also be enhanced by elemental exchange of promoters at sites in the pyrochlore. The pyrochlore catalyst material may be utilized in catalytic reforming reactions for the conversion of hydrocarbon fuels into synthesis gas (H.sub.2+CO) for fuel cells, among other uses.

  8. The Church,the Councils,& Reform TheChurch,theCouncils,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pukelsheim, Friedrich

    The Church,the Councils,& Reform #12;#12;TheChurch,theCouncils, & Reform TheLegacyof the of Congress CaTaloging-in-PUbliCaTion DaTa The church,the councils,and reform:the legacy of the fifteenthPeCtIves Introduction 25 ThomasM.Izbicki 1. Councils of the Catholic Reformation:A Historical Survey 27 Nelson

  9. O'Leary unveils ambitious contract reform initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lobsenz, G.

    1994-02-04

    This article describes DOE's program to reform contract management of its projects. The department will move away from its traditional cost-reimbursement management toward a performance-based management contract that sets clearer goals, incentives, and expectations for contractors. The key objectives are to better tie compensation to actual performance and make it clear that contractors will be responsible for any cost overruns. Another objective of the reform program is to rebid major contracts more often and to encourage more companies to seek DOE business.

  10. Heat exchanger for fuel cell power plant reformer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Misage, Robert (Manchester, CT); Scheffler, Glenn W. (Tolland, CT); Setzer, Herbert J. (Ellington, CT); Margiott, Paul R. (Manchester, CT); Parenti, Jr., Edmund K. (Manchester, CT)

    1988-01-01

    A heat exchanger uses the heat from processed fuel gas from a reformer for a fuel cell to superheat steam, to preheat raw fuel prior to entering the reformer and to heat a water-steam coolant mixture from the fuel cells. The processed fuel gas temperature is thus lowered to a level useful in the fuel cell reaction. The four temperature adjustments are accomplished in a single heat exchanger with only three heat transfer cores. The heat exchanger is preheated by circulating coolant and purge steam from the power section during startup of the latter.

  11. Mexico's Energy Reform: What Does It Mean for Mexico and Beyond?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    Mexico's Energy Reform: What Does It Mean for Mexico and Beyond? The Mexican Senate is currently and Energy and Environment Program for a discussion on elements of the reform, questions for the road ahead, and the broader impacts of reform. The event will launch the Atlantic Council's new issue brief, Mexico Rising

  12. The effect of reformate gas enrichment on extinction limits and NOX formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gülder, Ömer L.

    , known as reformate gas, contains not only hydrogen, but also carbon monoxide and some other components premixed combustion. When the reformate gas is added, the formation of NO is reduced in a near advantage of the reformate gas enriched lean premixed combustion is that it greatly reduces the formation

  13. Aalborg Universitet Methanol Reformer System Modeling and Control using an Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreasen, Søren Juhl

    by a catalytic burner, which uses the excess hydrogen of the fuel cell. Figure 1 shows the reformer and fuel cellAalborg Universitet Methanol Reformer System Modeling and Control using an Adaptive Neuro., & Sahlin, S. L. (2012). Methanol Reformer System Modeling and Control using an Adaptive Neuro

  14. Catalytic activation and reforming of methane on supported palladium clusters Aritomo Yamaguchi, Enrique Iglesia *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    Catalytic activation and reforming of methane on supported palladium clusters Aritomo Yamaguchi and 13 C18 O, and 13 CO and 12 CO during CH4 reforming catalysis. This catalytic sequence, but do not contribute to steady-state catalytic reforming rates. The high reactivity of Pd surfaces in C

  15. Health Care Reform: What School Mental Health Professionals Need to Know

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, David J.

    Health Care Reform: What School Mental Health Professionals Need to Know On March 23, 2010, President Obama signed comprehensive health care reform, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), into law (P.L. 111-148). This major reform to health care certainly has had and will continue to have

  16. OFQUAL Consultation on A-Level Reform Response from the London Mathematical Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrahams, I. David

    1 OFQUAL Consultation on A-Level Reform Response from the London Mathematical Society The present administration signalled clearly when in opposition that they wished to `reform' the existing A level structure by academics over a number of years. The consequent `reform' is therefore a matter of profound importance

  17. August 15, 2013 Bargaining Update 8: UC stresses fair compensation and reasonable pension reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    reform UC stressed with the California Nurses Association on Aug. 6-8, 2013 the need to reach a fair's market. UC's pension reform proposal calls for: · Employees hired before July 1, 2013: UC would in substantive negotiations over responsible and necessary pension reform. CNA has not accepted UC's pension

  18. The New York Times > Opinion > Making Votes Count: Voting Reform Could Backfire May 9, 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivest, Ronald L.

    The New York Times > Opinion > Making Votes Count: Voting Reform Could Backfire May 9, 2004 MAKING VOTES COUNT Voting Reform Could Backfire n 2000, untold thousands of eligible voters were prevented from. This is an important reform, but unless it is done right, provisional ballots could actually disenfranchise many

  19. Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on Washington Natural Resource Agency Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on Washington Natural Resource Agency Reform February 16, 2010 of the Environment (CoEnv) to make useful contributions to the Governor's natural resource agency reform initiative. As a result, the Washington Natural Resource Agency Reform ad hoc Committee was established and given

  20. WELLCOME TRUST CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to the Reform of the National Curriculum in England

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    WELLCOME TRUST CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to the Reform of the National Curriculum in England April 2013 1 Department for Education: Reform of the National Curriculum in England CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to the Reform of the National Curriculum in England April 2013 2

  1. Inaugural Lecture The Politics of Belief and U.S. Health Care Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    1 Inaugural Lecture The Politics of Belief and U.S. Health Care Reform Joseph White Ph.D John G reform is, for this purpose, a useful case study. Yet I will not talk only about that conflict. I also will not pretend to fully explain the politics of health care reform in the U.S.. I could make many other caveats

  2. `Pure air, pure water and good light' Sanitary reform in the Dublin hospitals, 1858-1898

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    `Pure air, pure water and good light' Sanitary reform in the Dublin hospitals, 1858-1898 Irish Centre for Nursing & Midwifery History Spring-summer Seminar series Sanitary reform in the Dublin and hospital sanitation `Pure air, pure water and good light' Sanitary reform in the Dublin hospitals, 1858

  3. Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Ofqual's GCSE reform consultation -August 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Ofqual's GCSE reform consultation - August 2013 1 Ofqual: GCSE reform consultation Response by the Wellcome Trust August 2013 Key points and indirect practical assessment in its reform proposals. The total contribution of direct and indirect

  4. A Proposal to Reform the Kyoto Protocol: the Role of Escape Clauses and Foresight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry S.

    A Proposal to Reform the Kyoto Protocol: the Role of Escape Clauses and Foresight Larry Karp University of California, Berkeley Jinhua Zhao Iowa Sate University February 23, 2007 Abstract A reform be designed. We propose a reform to the Kyoto Proto- col that allows signatories to avoid achieving the target

  5. Bureaucratic Reform and E-Government in the United States: An Institutional Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Bureaucratic Reform and E-Government in the United States: An Institutional Perspective Jane E. #12;Bureaucratic Reform and E-Government in the United States: An Institutional Perspective Jane E perspective on e-government can provide important insights into bureaucratic reform, political development

  6. The Rhetoric of Science Education Reform Paper presentation prepared for the annual meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cobern, William W.

    1 The Rhetoric of Science Education Reform Paper presentation prepared for the annual meeting. W. (2000, Nov). The rhetoric of science education reform. The Physics Teacher, 38, 20-21. William W, when has there ever not been reform movement in science education? Leon M. Lederman, Nobel Prize

  7. Addressing the Needs of Students Living in Poverty through Comprehensive School Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    Addressing the Needs of Students Living in Poverty through Comprehensive School Reform Joseph John had 100% of their students qualifying for FRL. Nationally, Comprehensive School Reform efforts, which proposes a Full Service Community Schools model for Comprehensive School Reform, and (b) AB 448

  8. Copyright reform on the EU level European Network for Copyright in support of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhlen, Rainer

    Copyright reform on the EU level European Network for Copyright in support of Education and Budapest Business School #12;Copyright reform on the EU level What can science and education expect from a copyright reform on the EU level? Rainer Kuhlen University of Konstanz, HumboldtUniversity Berlin, IPR

  9. The Employers' Proposals for Reform of USS A Summary for USS Members

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daley, Monica A.

    1 The Employers' Proposals for Reform of USS A Summary for USS Members Universities UK, on behalf and the Pensions Regulator and to negotiation with UCU and so may change. Why is reform necessary? In short will be based on final pensionable salary at the date the reforms come into effect and revalued each year

  10. Volume 8, Issue 1 2010 Article 8 THE POLITICS OF HEALTH CARE REFORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelman, Andrew

    Volume 8, Issue 1 2010 Article 8 The Forum THE POLITICS OF HEALTH CARE REFORM Public Opinion on Health Care Reform Andrew Gelman, Columbia University Daniel Lee, Columbia University Yair Ghitza Opinion on Health Care Reform," The Forum: Vol. 8: Iss. 1, Article 8. DOI: 10

  11. The contribution of Internet electronic commerce to advanced supply chain reform -a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurnia, Sherah

    Chapter 13 The contribution of Internet electronic commerce to advanced supply chain reform retailers and distributors in implementing supply chain reforms. Unwillingness on the part of SMEs to adopt enabling role for advanced supply chain reforms. We begin by describing in detail a new distribution

  12. Method for improving catalyst function in auto-thermal and partial oxidation reformer-based processors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Shabbir; Papadias, Dionissios D.; Lee, Sheldon H.D.; Ahluwalia, Rajesh K.

    2014-08-26

    The invention provides a method for reforming fuel, the method comprising contacting the fuel to an oxidation catalyst so as to partially oxidize the fuel and generate heat; warming incoming fuel with the heat while simultaneously warming a reforming catalyst with the heat; and reacting the partially oxidized fuel with steam using the reforming catalyst.

  13. Developing hydropower overseas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, W.B. (Benham-Holway Power Group, Tulsa, OK (United States))

    1991-10-01

    This article examines how the National Hydropower Association (NHA) has found ways to support its members who desire to expand their business programs to foreign markets through participation in a wide range of government programs. The topics of the article include the market in developing countries, the certificate of review, products and services, and domestic and international competition.

  14. Solar Reforming of Carbon Dioxide to Produce Diesel Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dennis Schuetzle; Robert Schuetzle

    2010-12-31

    This project focused on the demonstration of an innovative technology, referred to as the Sunexus CO2 Solar Reformer, which utilizes waste CO2 as a feedstock for the efficient and economical production of synthetic diesel fuel using solar thermal energy as the primary energy input. The Sunexus technology employs a two stage process for the conversion of CO2 to diesel fuel. A solar reforming system, including a specially designed reactor and proprietary CO2 reforming catalyst, was developed and used to convert captured CO2 rich gas streams into syngas (primarily hydrogen and carbon monoxide) using concentrated solar energy at high conversion efficiencies. The second stage of the system (which has been demonstrated under other funding) involves the direct conversion of the syngas into synthetic diesel fuel using a proprietary catalyst (Terra) previously developed and validated by Pacific Renewable Fuels and Chemicals (PRFC). The overall system energy efficiency for conversion of CO2 to diesel fuel is 74%, due to the use of solar energy. The results herein describe modeling, design, construction, and testing of the Sunexus CO2 Solar Reformer. Extensive parametric testing of the solar reformer and candidate catalysts was conducted and chemical kinetic models were developed. Laboratory testing of the Solar Reformer was successfully completed using various gas mixtures, temperatures, and gas flow rates/space velocities to establish performance metrics which can be employed for the design of commercial plants. A variety of laboratory tests were conducted including dry reforming (CO2 and CH{sub 4}), combination dry/steam reforming (CO2, CH{sub 4} & H{sub 2}O), and tri-reforming (CO2, CH{sub 4}, H{sub 2}O & O{sub 2}). CH{sub 4} and CO2 conversions averaged 95-100% and 50-90% per reformer cycle, respectively, depending upon the temperatures and gas space velocities. No formation of carbon deposits (coking) on the catalyst was observed in any of these tests. A 16 ft. diameter, concentrating solar dish was modified to accommodate the Sunexus CO2 Solar Reformer and the integrated system was installed at the Pacific Renewable Fuels and Chemicals test site at McClellan, CA. Several test runs were conducted without catalyst during which the ceramic heat exchanger in the Sunexus Solar Reformer reached temperatures between 1,050 F (566 C) and 2,200 F (1,204 C) during the test period. A dry reforming mixture of CO2/CH{sub 4} (2.0/1.0 molar ratio) was chosen for all of the tests on the integrated solar dish/catalytic reformer during December 2010. Initial tests were carried out to determine heat transfer from the collimated solar beam to the catalytic reactor. The catalyst was operated successfully at a steady-state temperature of 1,125 F (607 C), which was sufficient to convert 35% of the 2/1 CO2/CH{sub 4} mixture to syngas. This conversion efficiency confirmed the results from laboratory testing of this catalyst which provided comparable syngas production efficiencies (40% at 1,200 F [650 C]) with a resulting syngas composition of 20% CO, 16% H{sub 2}, 39% CO2 and 25% CH{sub 4}. As based upon the laboratory results, it is predicted that 90% of the CO2 will be converted to syngas in the solar reformer at 1,440 F (782 C) resulting in a syngas composition of 50% CO: 43% H{sub 2}: 7% CO2: 0% CH{sub 4}. Laboratory tests show that the higher catalyst operating temperature of 1,440 F (782 C) for efficient conversion of CO2 can certainly be achieved by optimizing solar reactor heat transfer, which would result in the projected 90% CO2-to-syngas conversion efficiencies. Further testing will be carried out during 2011, through other funding support, to further optimize the solar dish CO2 reformer. Additional studies carried out in support of this project and described in this report include: (1) An Assessment of Potential Contaminants in Captured CO2 from Various Industrial Processes and Their Possible Effect on Sunexus CO2 Reforming Catalysts; (2) Recommended Measurement Methods for Assessing Contaminant Levels in Captured CO2 Streams; (3) An Asse

  15. Compatibility of state assignments and pooling of information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd A. Brun; Min-Hsiu Hsieh; Christopher Perry

    2015-04-20

    We say that two (or more) state assignments for one and the same quantum system are compatible if they could represent the assignments of observers with differing information about the system. A criterion for compatibility was proposed in [Phys. Rev. A 65, 032315 (2002)]; however, this leaves unanswered the question of whether there are degrees of compatibility which could be represented by some quantitative measure, and whether there is a straightforward procedure whereby the observers can pool their information to arrive at a unique joint state assignment. We argue that such measures are only sensible given some assumption about what kind of information was used in making the state assignments in the first place, and that in general state assignments do not represent all of the information possessed by the observers. However, we examine one particular measure, and show that it has a straightforward interpretation, assuming that the information was acquired from a particular type of measurement, and that in this case there is a natural rule for pooling information. We extend this measure to compatibility of states for k observers, and show that the value is the solution to a semidefinite program. Similar compatibility measures can be defined for alternative notions of state compatibility, including Post-Peierls (PP) and Equal Support (ES) compatibility.

  16. ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Serbia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Serbia by Sandra Jednak Faculty of Organizational Sciences in Serbia have been started, and certain results were achieved. But, the electric power infrastructure decided whether the Serbian Electric Power Industry will be privatised, and if it is privatised which

  17. ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Romania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Romania by Oana Diaconu Department of Economics and Management-11 Abstract: Romania is a net exporter of electricity to the SE Europe region. Its performance of this role for international transmission. Romania has committed itself to an electricity restructuring plan that includes

  18. Understanding electricity market reforms and the case of Philippine deregulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santiago, Andrea; Roxas, Fernando

    2010-03-15

    The experience of the Philippines offers lessons that should be relevant to any country seeking to deregulate its power industry. Regardless of structure, consumers must face the real price of electricity production and delivery that is closer to marginal cost. Politically motivated prices merely shift the burden from ratepayers to taxpayers. And any reform should work within a reasonable timetable. (author)

  19. Steam Reforming of Low-Level Mixed Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-01-01

    Under DOE Contract No. DE-AR21-95MC32091, Steam Reforming of Low-Level Mixed Waste, ThermoChem has successfully designed, fabricated and operated a nominal 90 pound per hour Process Development Unit (PDU) on various low-level mixed waste surrogates. The design construction, and testing of the PDU as well as performance and economic projections for a 500- lb/hr demonstration and commercial system are described. The overall system offers an environmentally safe, non-incinerating, cost-effective, and publicly acceptable method of processing LLMW. The steam-reforming technology was ranked the No. 1 non-incineration technology for destruction of hazardous organic wastes in a study commissioned by the Mixed Waste Focus Area published April 1997.1 The ThermoChem steam-reforming system has been developed over the last 13 years culminating in this successful test campaign on LLMW surrogates. Six surrogates were successfidly tested including a 750-hour test on material simulating a PCB- and Uranium- contaminated solid waste found at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant. The test results indicated essentially total (>99.9999oA) destruction of RCRA and TSCA hazardous halogenated organics, significant levels of volume reduction (> 400 to 1), and retention of radlonuclides in the volume-reduced solids. Cost studies have shown the steam-reforming system to be very cost competitive with more conventional and other emerging technologies.

  20. First Generation Indian External Sector Reforms in Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj

    2013-01-01

    India's first generation external sector reforms are a fascinating case study of emergence from a post-Independence socialist-style economy to the world’s largest free market democracy. Part I of this article reviews the Indian license Raj system...

  1. Land reform, regional planning and socioeconomic development in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Souza, Saulo

    2011-01-11

    : i) The scope for plan-led strategies towards sustainable development in the countryside has been given less than sufficient emphasis in the land reform literature; ii) There is not clear evidence that the market-based approach leads to higher...

  2. AAPT Philadelphia 1/02 Gender, Educational Reform,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Mingshen

    AAPT Philadelphia 1/02 Gender, Educational Reform, and Instructional Assessment: Part I Laura McCullough, UW-Stout Catherine H. Crouch, Harvard Univ. #12;AAPT Philadelphia 1/02 Is there a gender problem, 1999) found gender difference on FCI pretest, little difference on post-test #12;AAPT Philadelphia 1

  3. Catalytic Membrane Reactor for Extraction of Hydrogen from Bioethanol Reforming 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuncharam, Bhanu Vardhan

    2013-11-26

    -gas-shift catalytic membrane reactor, and (2) a multi-layer design for bioethanol reforming. A two-dimensional model is developed to describe reaction and diffusion in the catalytic membrane coupled with plug-flow equations in the retentate and permeate volumes using...

  4. Hydrogen production with a solar steammethanol reformer and colloid nanocatalyst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daraio, Chiara

    and Process Engineering, Laboratory of Thermodynamics in Emerging Technologies, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland carried out [7,8] to improve the reforming system efficiency. Energy for the endothermic steam rights reserved. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.10.083 #12;Using concentrated solar energy to provide energy

  5. Reforming designs: education and training in Scotland and Higher Still 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howieson, Cathy

    2008-01-01

    and economic stance, and its current preoccupations and ambitions for itself. Thus the thesis uses the example of the Higher Still reform of post compulsory education and training in Scotland (from 1999 onwards) to reflect more generally on education and social...

  6. Reformed Epistemology and the Epistemic Status of Religious Belief 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolos, Anthony

    2009-11-26

    I discuss the reformed epistemologist and his claim that one is within one’s epistemic rights in believing in God without any evidence or argument. The basis for this claim hinges on a parity argument that compares one’s perceptual experiences...

  7. Financial and ratepayer impacts of nuclear power plant regulatory reform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turpin, A.G.

    1985-01-01

    Three reports - ''The Future Market for Electric Generating Capacity,'' ''Quantitative Analysis of Nuclear Power Plant Licensing Reform,'' and ''Nuclear Rate Increase Study'' are recent studies performed by the Los Alamos National Laboratory that deal with nuclear power. This presents a short summary of these three studies. More detail is given in the reports.

  8. 976 JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 4, AUGUST 2006 Methanol Steam Reformer on a Silicon Wafer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malen, Jonathan A.

    of the reforming rates, heat transfer and flow through a methanol reforming catalytic microreactor fabri- cated976 JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 15, NO. 4, AUGUST 2006 Methanol Steam Reformer is achieved through on-chip resis- tive heaters, whereby methanol steam reforming reactions were studied over

  9. 72737Federal Register / Vol. 73, No. 231 / Monday, December 1, 2008 / Rules and Regulations comprehensive reform efforts, the Joint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    comprehensive reform efforts, the Joint Board issued a recommended decision on November 20, 2007. The Universal-cost support and to reform the high-cost mechanisms. Specifically, the Universal Service Joint Board Board Comprehensive Reform NPRM, seeking comment on the Joint Board's Comprehensive Reform Recommended

  10. Wellcome Trust CONSULTATION RESPONSE Wellcome Trust response to Ofqual Consultation: Completing GCSE, AS and A Level Reform -July 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    GCSE, AS and A Level Reform - July 2014 1 Ofqual: Completing GCSE, AS and A Level Reform Response core content in partnership does not deter exam boards from reforming worthwhile qualifications. 5: Completing GCSE, AS and A Level Reform - July 2014 2 6. Under the new proposals, exam boards will be required

  11. Negative Valve Overlap Reforming Chemistry in Low-Oxygen Environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szybist, James P [ORNL] [ORNL; Steeper, Richard R. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL)] [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Splitter, Derek A [ORNL] [ORNL; Kalaskar, Vickey B [ORNL] [ORNL; Pihl, Josh A [ORNL] [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    Fuel injection into the negative valve overlap (NVO) period is a common method for controlling combustion phasing in homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) and other forms of advanced combustion. When fuel is injected into O2-deficient NVO conditions, a portion of the fuel can be converted to products containing significant levels of H2 and CO. Additionally, other short chain hydrocarbons are produced by means of thermal cracking, water-gas shift, and partial oxidation reactions. The present study experimentally investigates the fuel reforming chemistry that occurs during NVO. To this end, two very different experimental facilities are utilized and their results are compared. One facility is located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, which uses a custom research engine cycle developed to isolate the NVO event from main combustion, allowing a steady stream of NVO reformate to be exhausted from the engine and chemically analyzed. The other experimental facility, located at Sandia National Laboratories, uses a dump valve to capture the exhaust from a single NVO event for analysis. Results from the two experiments are in excellent trend-wise agreement and indicate that the reforming process under low-O2 conditions produces substantial concentrations of H2, CO, methane, and other short-chain hydrocarbon species. The concentration of these species is found to be strongly dependent on fuel injection timing and injected fuel type, with weaker dependencies on NVO duration and initial temperature, indicating that NVO reforming is kinetically slow. Further, NVO reforming does not require a large energy input from the engine, meaning that it is not thermodynamically expensive. The implications of these results on HCCI and other forms of combustion are discussed in detail.

  12. Physics 202 WebAssign Instructions Labs will be done this semester using WebAssign. Each lab will have a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Siu A.

    Physics 202 WebAssign Instructions Labs will be done this semester using WebAssign. Each lab started in WebAssign. Go to www.webassign.net/tamu/login.html and login with your NetID and password. Web. That will take you to the WebAssign Notices page and you will be asked how you want to pay for Web

  13. Genomic scale sub-family assignment of protein domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gough, Julian

    29, 2006; Revised June 12, 2006; Accepted June 26, 2006 ABSTRACT Many classification schemes multiple sub-levels. It has been tested on the SCOP classification via the SUPER- FAMILY database profile library, the assignments are fully automatic and come at almost no additional computational cost

  14. Liquid Crystal Optics and Photonics CPHY Assignment 2.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

    Liquid Crystal Optics and Photonics CPHY 74495 Assignment 2. P. Pal¤y-Muhoray Feb. 6, 2015 Due: Feb 13, 2015 1. Read pages 25 - 37 of the text (Guenther, Modern Optics). 2. Read Ch 2., Review of Electricity and Magnetism (http://mpal¤y.lci.kent.edu/optics) 3. Red light with wavelength = 632:8nm

  15. Math 463: Introduction to Mathematical Biology Computer Lab Assignment #3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Trachette L.

    the value of the parameter r that was used to generate each curve and compute the steady state valueMath 463: Introduction to Mathematical Biology Computer Lab Assignment #3 The Discrete Logistic Equation The discrete logistic equation, xn+1 = f(xn) = rxn(1 - xn) is one of the simplest nonlinear

  16. A Parsimony Approach to Genome-Wide Ortholog Assignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xin

    A Parsimony Approach to Genome-Wide Ortholog Assignment Zheng Fu1 , Xin Chen2 , Vladimir Vacic1 of orthologous genes between a pair of genomes is a fundamental and challenging problem in comparative ge- nomics combinatorial approach that combines sequence similarity and genome rearrangement. This paper continues

  17. Dept IDDept IDDept IDDept ID Department NameDepartment NameDepartment NameDepartment Name HCM Specialist AssignedHCM Specialist AssignedHCM Specialist AssignedHCM Specialist Assigned 10001 President's Office Karla Marie Anderson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barr, Maureen

    Anderson 10035 Information Technology - Nwk Karla Marie Anderson Find Your Departments Assigned HCM Marie Anderson 10027 Office of Communications - Nwk Karla Marie Anderson 10028 Administrative Services-Acctg,Bus Ethic & Info Sys Karla Marie Anderson 10047 RBS - Finance & Economics Karla Marie Anderson 10048 Student

  18. Spatio-Temporal Credit Assignment in Neuronal Population Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Senn, Walter

    provides a viable mechanism for temporal credit assignment. Further, learning speeds up with increasing). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation they are adaptive, synapses may be viewed as the elementary decision making entities in the brain

  19. Liquid Crystal Optics and Photonics CPHY Assignment 1.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

    Liquid Crystal Optics and Photonics CPHY 74495 Assignment 1. P. Pal¤y-Muhoray Jan. 21, 2015 Due of the string? (b) Give an expression for the energy density in the string. (c) Calculate the average energy) Give an expression for the potential energy density and the kinetic energy density for each wave when

  20. October 21, 1999 1 POS-A Assignment 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Francis C.M.

    1 October 21, 1999 1 POS-A Assignment 1 Tutorial Solution & Common Mistakes October 21, 1999 2 be output. #12;2 October 21, 1999 3 Skeleton of the solution open input file. check if the file is an ASCII(Found) Output Result; } close input file. Go to common mistakes October 21, 1999 4 How to open a file? - Use

  1. Assigning vibrational polyads using relative equilibria. Application to ozone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadovskií, Dmitrií

    Assigning vibrational polyads using relative equilibria. Application to ozone I. N. Kozin a,1 , D equilibria. We use the ozone molecule as a concrete example where n­polyads or ``hyperpolyads'' should structure of the vibrational levels of ozone. We consider the classical mechanical analogue

  2. Liquid Crystal Optics and Photonics CPHY Assignment 2.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

    Liquid Crystal Optics and Photonics CPHY 74495 Assignment 2. P. Pal¤y-Muhoray Jan. 24, 2014 Due: Feb 4, 2014 1. Read pages 25 - 37 of the text (Guenther, Modern Optics). 2. Read Ch 2., Review of Electricity and Magnetism (http://mpal¤y.lci.kent.edu/optics) 3. Red light with wavelength = 632:8nm

  3. Random Key-Assignment for Secure Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mei, Alessandro

    , Italy. {dipietro,mancini,mei}@dsi.uniroma1.it ABSTRACT A distributed Wireless Sensor Network (WSN to implement secure pair-wise communications among any pair of sensors in a WSN. A WSN requires completely- tablish a secure pair-wise communication channel between any pair of sensors in the WSN, by assigning

  4. Programming Assignment MPI and CUDA implementations of the Jacobi method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Xin

    Programming Assignment MPI and CUDA implementations of the Jacobi method OBJECTIVES · Practice MPI and CUDA programming DESCRIPTION This project can be done by a group of two students. The Jacobi method the Jacobi method to solve the Laplace equation on the unit square 2u x2 + 2u y2 = 0 with boundary conditions

  5. Assignment 3 Objective: Signal processing through simple time domain operations.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naik, Naren

    Assignment 3 Objective: Signal processing through simple time domain operations. Part 1 : Q1. Play millisecond and alpha = 0.2 . Compare your output with signal generated by an audio processing software. Audacity Software: It is a open source software to do basic signal processing operations over audio

  6. Filter-Embedded UAV Task Assignment Algorithms for Dynamic Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The net effect will be to limit the rate of change in the reassignment in a well-defined manner. The approach here is to perform reassignment at the rate that information is updated, which enables immediate of this algorithm. Keywords: UAV, Task Assignment, Sensing Noise, Churning. I. Introduction Future autonomous

  7. Drawing Outside the Lines Animation Workshop: Paint On Glass Assignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drawing Outside the Lines Animation Workshop: Paint On Glass Assignment Due Thursday, Nov.19 th , 9 on this in the 2D Lab in the Com Bldg, or in the DV Linear Paint-On- Glass Suite in the Library. Prepare your

  8. Fuel cell system with combustor-heated reformer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pettit, William Henry (Rochester, NY)

    2000-01-01

    A fuel cell system including a fuel reformer heated by a catalytic combustor fired by anode effluent and/or fuel from a liquid fuel supply providing fuel for the fuel cell. The combustor includes a vaporizer section heated by the combustor exhaust gases for vaporizing the fuel before feeding it into the combustor. Cathode effluent is used as the principle oxidant for the combustor.

  9. Regulatory and Financial Reform of Federal Research Policy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo. 195 - Oct. 7,DOERTIRegulatory and Financial Reform of Federal

  10. Hiring Reform Memoranda and Action Plan | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergy HeadquartersFuelB IMSofNewsletterGuiding SSLHanfordHomesHiring Reform Memoranda and

  11. IT Reform at the Department of Energy | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergy HeadquartersFuelBConservation Standards and TestEquipment: Energy ConservationReform at

  12. Steam reforming of low-level mixed waste. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-06-01

    ThermoChem has successfully designed, fabricated and operated a nominal 90 pound per hour Process Development Unit (PDU) on various low-level mixed waste surrogates. The design, construction, and testing of the PDU as well as performance and economic projections for a 300-lb/hr demonstration and commercial system are described. The overall system offers an environmentally safe, non-incinerating, cost-effective, and publicly acceptable method of processing LLMW. The steam-reforming technology was ranked the No. 1 non-incineration technology for destruction of hazardous organic wastes in a study commissioned by the Mixed Waste Focus Area and published in April 1997. The ThermoChem steam-reforming system has been developed over the last 13 years culminating in this successful test campaign on LLMW surrogates. Six surrogates were successfully tested including a 750-hour test on material simulating a PCB- and Uranium-contaminated solid waste found at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant. The test results indicated essentially total (> 99.9999%) destruction of RCRA and TSCA hazardous halogenated organics, significant levels of volume reduction (> 400 to 1), and retention of radionuclides in the volume-reduced solids. Economic evaluations have shown the steam-reforming system to be very cost competitive with more conventional and other emerging technologies.

  13. Feedback stabilisation of switched systems via iterative approximate eigenvector assignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haimovich, Hernan

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents and implements an iterative feedback design algorithm for stabilisation of discrete-time switched systems under arbitrary switching regimes. The algorithm seeks state feedback gains so that the closed-loop switching system admits a common quadratic Lyapunov function (CQLF) and hence is uniformly globally exponentially stable. Although the feedback design problem considered can be solved directly via linear matrix inequalities (LMIs), direct application of LMIs for feedback design does not provide information on closed-loop system structure. In contrast, the feedback matrices computed by the proposed algorithm assign closed-loop structure approximating that required to satisfy Lie-algebraic conditions that guarantee existence of a CQLF. The main contribution of the paper is to provide, for single-input systems, a numerical implementation of the algorithm based on iterative approximate common eigenvector assignment, and to establish cases where such algorithm is guaranteed to succeed. We inc...

  14. Electrochemical cell apparatus having an integrated reformer-mixer nozzle-mixer diffuser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shockling, L.A.

    1991-09-10

    An electrochemical apparatus is made having a generator section containing electrochemical cells, a fresh gaseous feed fuel inlet, a gaseous feed oxidant inlet, and at least one hot gaseous spent fuel recirculation channel, where the spent fuel recirculation channel, passes from the generator chamber to combine with the fresh feed fuel inlet to form a reformable mixture, where a reforming chamber contains an outer portion containing reforming material, an inner portion preferably containing a mixer nozzle and a mixer-diffuser, and a middle portion for receiving spent fuel, where the mixer nozzle and mixer-diffuser are preferably both within the reforming chamber and substantially exterior to the main portion of the apparatus, where the reformable mixture flows up and then backward before contacting the reforming material, and the mixer nozzle can operate below 400 C. 1 figure.

  15. Model morphing and sequence assignment after molecular replacement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Terwilliger, Thomas C., E-mail: terwilliger@lanl.gov [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mail Stop M888, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Read, Randy J. [University of Cambridge, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, Cambridge CB2 0XY (United Kingdom); Adams, Paul D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Bldg 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Brunger, Axel T. [Stanford University, 318 Campus Drive West, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Afonine, Pavel V. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Bldg 64R0121, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Hung, Li-Wei [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mail Stop M888, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    2013-11-01

    A procedure for model building is described that combines morphing a model to match a density map, trimming the morphed model and aligning the model to a sequence. A procedure termed ‘morphing’ for improving a model after it has been placed in the crystallographic cell by molecular replacement has recently been developed. Morphing consists of applying a smooth deformation to a model to make it match an electron-density map more closely. Morphing does not change the identities of the residues in the chain, only their coordinates. Consequently, if the true structure differs from the working model by containing different residues, these differences cannot be corrected by morphing. Here, a procedure that helps to address this limitation is described. The goal of the procedure is to obtain a relatively complete model that has accurate main-chain atomic positions and residues that are correctly assigned to the sequence. Residues in a morphed model that do not match the electron-density map are removed. Each segment of the resulting trimmed morphed model is then assigned to the sequence of the molecule using information about the connectivity of the chains from the working model and from connections that can be identified from the electron-density map. The procedure was tested by application to a recently determined structure at a resolution of 3.2 Å and was found to increase the number of correctly identified residues in this structure from the 88 obtained using phenix.resolve sequence assignment alone (Terwilliger, 2003 ?) to 247 of a possible 359. Additionally, the procedure was tested by application to a series of templates with sequence identities to a target structure ranging between 7 and 36%. The mean fraction of correctly identified residues in these cases was increased from 33% using phenix.resolve sequence assignment to 47% using the current procedure. The procedure is simple to apply and is available in the Phenix software package.

  16. Assignment 5 Verification of ANSI-C with PVS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Edmund M.

    15-820-a Assignment 5 Verification of ANSI-C with PVS Due Apr. 30, 2003 1 Find the Minimum 1. Write a function in ANSI­C that finds the minumum number in an array. The size of the array is passed as a parameter. 2. Translate your ANSI­C code into PVS language, as described in the class. You may assume

  17. Application of a Diesel Fuel Reformer for Tier 2 Bin 5 Emissions...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters 2005deerbonadies.pdf More Documents & Publications Application of a Diesel Fuel Reformer for...

  18. A Fast Start-up On-Board Fuel Reformer for NOx Adsorber Regeneration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for NOx Adsorber Regeneration and Desulfation A Fast Start-up On-Board Fuel Reformer for NOx Adsorber Regeneration and Desulfation 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER)...

  19. Regulatory Reform in the Wake of the Financial Crisis of 2007—2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lo, Andrew W.

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse regulatory reform in the wake of the financial crisis of 2007-2008.

  20. Fuel-flexible partial oxidation reforming of hydrocarbons for automotive applications.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahmed, S.; Carter, J. D.; Kopasz, J. P.; Krumpelt, M.; Wilkenhoener, R.

    1999-06-07

    Micro-reactor tests indicate that our partial oxidation catalyst is fuel-flexible and can reform conventional (gasoline and diesel) and alternative (ethanol, methanol, natural gas) fuels to hydrogen rich product gases with high hydrogen selectivity. Alcohols are reformed at lower temperatures (< 600 C) while alkanes and unsaturated hydrocarbons require slightly higher temperatures. Cyclic hydrocarbons and aromatics have also been reformed at relatively low temperatures, however, a different mechanism appears to be responsible for their reforming. Complex fuels like gasoline and diesel, which are mixtures of a broad range of hydrocarbons, require temperatures of > 700 C for maximum hydrogen production.

  1. Immigration Reform and the Earnings of Latino Workers: Do Employer Sanctions Cause Discrimination?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BANSAK, CYNTHIA A; Raphael, Steven

    1998-01-01

    the Effects of Employer Sanctions Using Alternative Single-Immigration Reform: Employer Sanctions and the Question ofLATINO WORKERS: DO EMPLOYER SANCTIONS CAUSE DISCRIMINATION?

  2. The Resurgence of Land Reform Policy and Agrarian Movements in Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rachman, Noer Fauzi

    2011-01-01

    Land Reforms. Defects in Agrarian Structure as Obstacles tocolonial and feudal agrarian structures Indonesia inheritedthat “defects in agrarian structure, and in particular

  3. Electrochemical fuel cell generator having an internal and leak tight hydrocarbon fuel reformer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dederer, J.T.; Hager, C.A.

    1998-03-31

    An electrochemical fuel cell generator configuration is made having a generator section which contains a plurality of axially elongated fuel cells, each cell containing a fuel electrode, air electrode, and solid oxide electrolyte between the electrodes, in which axially elongated dividers separate portions of the fuel cells from each other, and where at least one divider also reforms a reformable fuel gas mixture prior to electricity generation reactions, the at least one reformer-divider is hollow having a closed end and an open end entrance for a reformable fuel mixture to pass to the closed end of the divider and then reverse flow and pass back along the hollowed walls to be reformed, and then finally to pass as reformed fuel out of the open end of the divider to contact the fuel cells, and further where the reformer-divider is a composite structure having a gas diffusion barrier of metallic foil surrounding the external walls of the reformer-divider except at the entrance to prevent diffusion of the reformable gas mixture through the divider, and further housed in an outer insulating jacket except at the entrance to prevent short-circuiting of the fuel cells by the gas diffusion barrier. 10 figs.

  4. Corporate governance reform in a developing country : the case of Bangladesh 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobhan, Md. Abdus

    2014-07-02

    Bangladesh reformed its corporate governance by adopting Bangladesh Corporate Governance Guidelines-2006 (the BCGG-2006 hereafter) due to pressures from international financial institutions (IFIs). However, there is huge ...

  5. Hydrogen Generation from Biomass-Derived Carbohydrates via Aqueous-Phase Reforming

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation by Virent Energy Systems, Inc. at the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting.

  6. The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a Way to Address...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The Lessons of Practice: Domestic Policy Reform as a Way to Address Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Lessons of Practice: Domestic...

  7. Electrochemical fuel cell generator having an internal and leak tight hydrocarbon fuel reformer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dederer, Jeffrey T. (Valencia, PA); Hager, Charles A. (Mars, PA)

    1998-01-01

    An electrochemical fuel cell generator configuration is made having a generator section which contains a plurality of axially elongated fuel cells, each cell containing a fuel electrode, air electrode, and solid oxide electrolyte between the electrodes, in which axially elongated dividers separate portions of the fuel cells from each other, and where at least one divider also reforms a reformable fuel gas mixture prior to electricity generation reactions, the at least one reformer-divider is hollow having a closed end and an open end entrance for a reformable fuel mixture to pass to the closed end of the divider and then reverse flow and pass back along the hollowed walls to be reformed, and then finally to pass as reformed fuel out of the open end of the divider to contact the fuel cells, and further where the reformer-divider is a composite structure having a gas diffusion barrier of metallic foil surrounding the external walls of the reformer-divider except at the entrance to prevent diffusion of the reformable gas mixture through the divider, and further housed in an outer insulating jacket except at the entrance to prevent short-circuiting of the fuel cells by the gas diffusion barrier.

  8. The Ambiguous Transition: Building State Capacity and Expanding Popular Participation in Venezuela's Agrarian Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page, Tiffany Linton

    2011-01-01

    El Universal, Caracas, Venezuela. Bengelsdorf, Carollee.Crisis and Reform in Venezuela. ” Journal of Interamerican2):27-61. Datamonitor. (2004). “Venezuela Country Profile. ”

  9. An approach to predict operational performance of airline schedules using aircraft assignment key performance indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riedel, Robin

    2006-01-01

    This thesis presents an approach for predicting operational performance of airlines on the basis of flight schedules and aircraft assignments. The methodology uses aggregate measures of properties of aircraft assignments, ...

  10. Autothermal and partial oxidation reformer-based fuel processor, method for improving catalyst function in autothermal and partial oxidation reformer-based processors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Shabbir; Papadias, Dionissios D.; Lee, Sheldon H. D.; Ahluwalia, Rajesh K.

    2013-01-08

    The invention provides a fuel processor comprising a linear flow structure having an upstream portion and a downstream portion; a first catalyst supported at the upstream portion; and a second catalyst supported at the downstream portion, wherein the first catalyst is in fluid communication with the second catalyst. Also provided is a method for reforming fuel, the method comprising contacting the fuel to an oxidation catalyst so as to partially oxidize the fuel and generate heat; warming incoming fuel with the heat while simultaneously warming a reforming catalyst with the heat; and reacting the partially oxidized fuel with steam using the reforming catalyst.

  11. Assigning Seismic Design Category to Large Reactors: A Case Study of the ATR

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Assigning Seismic Design Category to Large Reactors: A Case Study of the ATR Stuart Jensen October 21, 2014

  12. High School Principals' Perceptions of Their Effectiveness in Leading District Initiated High School Reform: An Analysis of High School Principals Previously Engaged in High School Reform in an Urban Texas School District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rios, Carlos

    2012-07-16

    school reform. However, to date, research has not provided examples of a successful relationship between campus principals as a collective group and the district (central office) leadership team attempting to implement district-wide high school reform...

  13. Columbia River Hatchery Reform System-Wide Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, Dan

    2009-04-16

    The US Congress funded the Puget Sound and Coastal Washington Hatchery Reform Project via annual appropriations to the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) beginning in fiscal year 2000. Congress established the project because it recognized that while hatcheries have a necessary role to play in meeting harvest and conservation goals for Pacific Northwest salmonids, the hatchery system was in need of comprehensive reform. Most hatcheries were producing fish for harvest primarily to mitigate for past habitat loss (rather than for conservation of at-risk populations) and were not taking into account the effects of their programs on naturally spawning populations. With numerous species listed as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), conservation of salmon in the Puget Sound area was a high priority. Genetic resources in the region were at risk and many hatchery programs as currently operated were contributing to those risks. Central to the project was the creation of a nine-member independent scientific review panel called the Hatchery Scientific Review Group (HSRG). The HSRG was charged by Congress with reviewing all state, tribal and federal hatchery programs in Puget Sound and Coastal Washington as part of a comprehensive hatchery reform effort to: conserve indigenous salmonid genetic resources; assist with the recovery of naturally spawning salmonid populations; provide sustainable fisheries; and improve the quality and cost-effectiveness of hatchery programs. The HSRG worked closely with the state, tribal and federal managers of the hatchery system, with facilitation provided by the non-profit organization Long Live the Kings and the law firm Gordon, Thomas, Honeywell, to successfully complete reviews of over 200 hatchery programs at more than 100 hatcheries across western Washington. That phase of the project culminated in 2004 with the publication of reports containing the HSRG's principles for hatchery reform and recommendations for Puget Sound/Coastal Washington hatchery programs, followed by the development in 2005 of a suite of analytical tools to support application of the principles (all reports and tools are available at www.hatcheryreform.us). In 2005, Congress directed the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration-Fisheries (NOAA Fisheries) to replicate the Puget Sound and Coastal Washington Hatchery Reform Project in the Columbia River Basin. The HSRG was expanded to 14 members to include individuals with specific knowledge about the Columbia River salmon and steelhead populations. This second phase was initially envisioned as a one-year review, with emphasis on the Lower Columbia River hatchery programs. It became clear however, that the Columbia River Basin needed to be viewed as an inter-connected ecosystem in order for the review to be useful. The project scope was subsequently expanded to include the entire Basin, with funding for a second year provided by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) under the auspices of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's (NPCC) Fish and Wildlife Program. The objective of the HSRG's Columbia River Basin review was to change the focus of the Columbia River hatchery system. In the past, these hatchery programs have been aimed at supplying adequate numbers of fish for harvest as mitigation primarily for hydropower development in the Basin. A new, ecosystem-based approach is founded on the idea that harvest goals are sustainable only if they are compatible with conservation goals. The challenge before the HSRG was to determine whether or not conservation and harvest goals could be met by fishery managers and, if so, how. The HSRG determined that in order to address these twin goals, both hatchery and harvest reforms are necessary. The HSRG approach represents an important change of direction in managing hatcheries in the region. It provides a clear demonstration that current hatchery programs can indeed be redirected to better meet both conservation and harvest goals. For each Columbia River Basin Environmentally Significant Unit

  14. Improving the Capacity in Wireless Networks Through Integrated Channel Base Station and Power Assignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tassiulas, Leandros

    Improving the Capacity in Wireless Networks Through Integrated Channel Base Station and Power Allocation Algorithm (JRAA) that makes the channel base station and power assignment in a wireless net­ work base station and power assign­ ment. Finally several versions of the two­way channel assignment problem

  15. IEEETJMNSACTIONSONAUTOMATICCONTROL,VOL. 34, NO. 3, MARCH 1989 367 CERTAINTY EQUIVALENCE POLE-ASSIGNMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, John Barratt

    IEEETJMNSACTIONSONAUTOMATICCONTROL,VOL. 34, NO. 3, MARCH 1989 367 CERTAINTY EQUIVALENCE POLE-ASSIGNMENT :; ~ :.. . .. . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . .. .. . . . . a u 0 m w 0, WI :? y o A ..0 10 .20 30 40 50 TIME (a) CAUTIOUS POLE-ASSIGNMENT t I v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 20 30 40 50 TIME (b) CENTRAL TENOENCY POLE-ASSIGNMENT o t . m : u !. No g

  16. National Development and Reform Commission | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI Ventures Ltd Jump to: navigation,Naples,Development and Reform Commission

  17. Establishment of Working Group* for the Reform of Engineering Training and Research and aligning it with Maharashtra's Development Needs**.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    Establishment of Working Group* for the Reform of Engineering Training and Research and aligning in the reform program. 6. To conduct research and to make concrete recommendations to the following activities

  18. Distributed Reforming of Biomass Pyrolysis Oils: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA number CRD-06-00192

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Czernik, S.

    2010-07-01

    The objective of this project is for Chevron and NREL to collaborate in determining the effect of bio-oil composition variability on autothermal reforming performance including bio-oil volatilization, homogeneous oxidative cracking, and catalytic reforming.

  19. Electricity Markets: Should the Rest of the World Adopt the UK Reforms?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    PWP-069 Electricity Markets: Should the Rest of the World Adopt the UK Reforms? Catherine D;1 Electricity Markets: Should the Rest of the World Adopt the UK Reforms?1 By Catherine D. Wolfram2 Britain was one of the first countries to liberalize its electricity industry when it restructured and privatized

  20. A Planar Anode -Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Model with Internal Reforming of Natural Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 A Planar Anode - Supported Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Model with Internal Reforming of Natural Gas.brault@univ-orleans.fr Abstract Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) are of great interest due to their high energy efficiency, low, a mathematical model of a co - flow planar anode - supported solid oxide fuel cell with internal reforming

  1. Aalborg Universitet Initial experiments with a Pt based heat exchanger methanol reformer for a HTPEM fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreasen, Søren Juhl

    for a HTPEM fuel cell system Andreasen, Søren Juhl Publication date: 2007 Document Version Author final reformer for a HTPEM fuel cell system. Poster session presented at HyFC Seminar 2007, Svendborg, Denmark exchanger methanol reformer for a HTPEM fuel cell system Søren Juhl Andreasen* Institute of Energy

  2. Tailored Macroporous SiCN and SiC Structures for High-Temperature Fuel Reforming**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenis, Paul J. A.

    Tailored Macroporous SiCN and SiC Structures for High-Temperature Fuel Reforming** By In-Kyung Sung such as the reforming of hydrocarbon fuels (e.g., die- sel or JP-8) into hydrogen for use in portable power sources. Performing heterogeneous catalytic reactions in porous struc- tures at the microscale has certain advantages

  3. Aalborg Universitet Dynamic Modeling of a Reformed Methanol Fuel Cell System using Empirical Data and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berning, Torsten

    Aalborg Universitet Dynamic Modeling of a Reformed Methanol Fuel Cell System using Empirical Data Reza Published in: Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology DOI (link to publication from Publisher. K., Andreasen, S. J., & Shaker, H. R. (2014). Dynamic Modeling of a Reformed Methanol Fuel Cell

  4. Reforming a large lecture modern physics course for engineering majors using a PER-based design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    , modern physics, quantum mechanics PACS: 01.40.Di,01.40.Fk,01.40.G-,01.40.gb INTRODUCTION It is wellReforming a large lecture modern physics course for engineering majors using a PER-based design S Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA Abstract. We have reformed a large

  5. Aalborg Universitet Control of a methanol reformer system using an Adaptive NeuroFuzzy Inference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreasen, Søren Juhl

    for a reformed methanol fuel cell system, which uses a reformer to produce hydrogen for an HTPEM fuel cell. One Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, Copenhagen, Denmark. General rights Copyright and moral rights of the system. Modeling To avoid starving the fuel cell of hydrogen, it is important to know how much hydrogen

  6. Economic Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Indian Experience of Reforms and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    Economic Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Indian Experience of Reforms and Development Panchanan Das suggest that the faster economic growth causes higher incidence of poverty and inequality. Income inequality across regions is rising at an alarming rate due to higher economic growth during the reform

  7. Aalborg Universitet Control and experimental characterization of a methanol reformer for a 350W high

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berning, Torsten

    , Pontoppidanstræde 101, 9220 Aalborg East, Denmarkp gy gy g y pp g Introd ction Steam reforming of methanol for a HTPEM f el cell stack ConclusionsIntroduction Steam reforming of methanol for a HTPEM fuel cell stack where heating, conduct detailed measurements of the fuel cells offer many evaporation and superheating

  8. Agenda Setting And The Role Of Leadership In National Health Care Reform During The Early 1990s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Michael S,

    2006-01-05

    Health care reform was the dominant issue on the political agenda during the early 1990s. Few issues

  9. GOVERNMENT VERSUS GOVERNANCE AS A FRAMEWORK Government versus Governance as a Framework to analyze Mexico's Energy Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    branch, the oil company PEMEX' union, other critics of the reform among a part of the left party Partido

  10. HYDROGEN PRODUCTION FOR FUEL CELLS VIA REFORMING COAL-DERIVED METHANOL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul A. Erickson

    2006-04-01

    Hydrogen can be produced from many feedstocks including coal. The objectives of this project are to establish and prove a hydrogen production pathway from coal-derived methanol for fuel cell applications. This progress report is the tenth report submitted to the DOE reporting on the status and progress made during the course of the project. This report covers the time period of January 1-March 31, 2006. This quarter saw progress in six areas. These areas are: (1) The effect of catalyst dimension on steam reforming, (2) Transient characteristics of autothermal reforming, (3) Rich and lean autothermal reformation startup, (4) Autothermal reformation degradation with coal derived methanol, (5) Reformate purification system, and (6) Fuel cell system integration. All of the projects are proceeding on or slightly ahead of schedule.

  11. Hydrogen generation having CO.sub.2 removal with steam reforming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kandaswamy, Duraiswamy; Chellappa, Anand S.; Knobbe, Mack

    2015-07-28

    A method for producing hydrogen using fuel cell off gases, the method feeding hydrocarbon fuel to a sulfur adsorbent to produce a desulfurized fuel and a spent sulfur adsorbent; feeding said desulfurized fuel and water to an adsorption enhanced reformer that comprises of a plurality of reforming chambers or compartments; reforming said desulfurized fuel in the presence of a one or more of a reforming catalyst and one or more of a CO.sub.2 adsorbent to produce hydrogen and a spent CO.sub.2 adsorbent; feeding said hydrogen to the anode side of the fuel cell; regenerating said spent CO.sub.2 adsorbents using the fuel cell cathode off-gases, producing a flow of hydrogen by cycling between said plurality of reforming chambers or compartments in a predetermined timing sequence; and, replacing the spent sulfur adsorbent with a fresh sulfur adsorbent at a predetermined time.

  12. Successes and Constraints in the Enactment of a Reform May Lee*, Melissa Dancy, Charles Henderson, and Eric Brewe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Charles

    Successes and Constraints in the Enactment of a Reform May Lee*, Melissa Dancy, Charles Henderson positive impacts of research-based instructional reforms in physics, few high school physics teachers in the US enact them. One of the more successfully disseminated reforms is Modeling Instruction. To discern

  13. Integrated solar thermochemical reaction system for steam methane reforming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, Feng; Diver, Rich; Caldwell, Dustin D.; Fritz, Brad G.; Cameron, Richard J.; Humble, Paul H.; TeGrotenhuis, Ward E.; Dagle, Robert A.; Wegeng, Robert S.

    2015-06-05

    Solar-aided upgrade of the energy content of fossil fuels, such as natural gas, can provide a near-term transition path towards a future solar-fuel economy and reduce carbon dioxide emission from fossil fuel consumption. Both steam and dry reforming a methane-containing fuel stream have been studied with concentrated solar power as the energy input to drive the highly endothermic reactions but the concept has not been demonstrated at a commercial scale. Under a current project with the U.S. Department of Energy, PNNL is developing an integrated solar thermochemical reaction system that combines solar concentrators with micro- and meso-channel reactors and heat exchangers to accomplish more than 20% solar augment of methane higher heating value. The objective of our three-year project is to develop and prepare for commercialization such solar reforming system with a high enough efficiency to serve as the frontend of a conventional natural gas (or biogas) combined cycle power plant, producing power with a levelized cost of electricity less than 6¢/kWh, without subsidies, by the year 2020. In this paper, we present results from the first year of our project that demonstrated a solar-to-chemical energy conversion efficiency as high as 69% with a prototype reaction system.

  14. Integrated solar thermochemical reaction system for steam methane reforming

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zheng, Feng; Diver, Rich; Caldwell, Dustin D.; Fritz, Brad G.; Cameron, Richard J.; Humble, Paul H.; TeGrotenhuis, Ward E.; Dagle, Robert A.; Wegeng, Robert S.

    2015-06-05

    Solar-aided upgrade of the energy content of fossil fuels, such as natural gas, can provide a near-term transition path towards a future solar-fuel economy and reduce carbon dioxide emission from fossil fuel consumption. Both steam and dry reforming a methane-containing fuel stream have been studied with concentrated solar power as the energy input to drive the highly endothermic reactions but the concept has not been demonstrated at a commercial scale. Under a current project with the U.S. Department of Energy, PNNL is developing an integrated solar thermochemical reaction system that combines solar concentrators with micro- and meso-channel reactors and heatmore »exchangers to accomplish more than 20% solar augment of methane higher heating value. The objective of our three-year project is to develop and prepare for commercialization such solar reforming system with a high enough efficiency to serve as the frontend of a conventional natural gas (or biogas) combined cycle power plant, producing power with a levelized cost of electricity less than 6¢/kWh, without subsidies, by the year 2020. In this paper, we present results from the first year of our project that demonstrated a solar-to-chemical energy conversion efficiency as high as 69% with a prototype reaction system.« less

  15. Modified Ni-Cu catalysts for ethanol steam reforming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dan, M.; Mihet, M.; Almasan, V.; Borodi, G.; Katona, G.; Muresan, L.; Lazar, M. D.

    2013-11-13

    Three Ni-Cu catalysts, having different Cu content, supported on ?-alumina were synthesized by wet co-impregnation method, characterized and tested in the ethanol steam reforming (ESR) reaction. The catalysts were characterized for determination of: total surface area and porosity (N{sub 2} adsorption - desorption using BET and Dollimer Heal methods), Ni surface area (hydrogen chemisorption), crystallinity and Ni crystallites size (X-Ray Diffraction), type of catalytic active centers (Hydrogen Temperature Programmed Reduction). Total surface area and Ni crystallites size are not significantly influenced by the addition of Cu, while Ni surface area is drastically diminished by increasing of Cu concentration. Steam reforming experiments were performed at atmospheric pressure, temperature range 150-350°C, and ethanol - water molar ration of 1 at 30, using Ar as carrier gas. Ethanol conversion and hydrogen production increase by the addition of Cu. At 350°C there is a direct connection between hydrogen production and Cu concentration. Catalysts deactivation in 24h time on stream was studied by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) on used catalysts. Coke deposition was observed at all studied temperatures; at 150°C amorphous carbon was evidenced, while at 350°C crystalline, filamentous carbon is formed.

  16. Tokyo Tech International Symposium on Education Reform Best Practices for Realization of WorldClass Science and Engineering Higher Education Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Necessity for Education Reform 3. New Education System 4. Expected Results after the Reforms #12;Tokyo Tech of Tokyo Tech: Necessity for Education Reform 3. New Education System 4. Expected Results afterTokyo Tech International Symposium on Education Reform Best Practices for Realization of World

  17. Wide-ranging research programs address issues of local, state and national concern, from immigration reform and Medicaid expansion to national parks management, regional transportation issues,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    immigration reform and Medicaid expansion to national parks management, regional transportation issues

  18. Five Kilowatt Solid Oxide Fuel Cell/Diesel Reformer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dennis Witmer; Thomas Johnson

    2008-12-31

    Reducing fossil fuel consumption both for energy security and for reduction in global greenhouse emissions has been a major goal of energy research in the US for many years. Fuel cells have been proposed as a technology that can address both these issues--as devices that convert the energy of a fuel directly into electrical energy, they offer low emissions and high efficiencies. These advantages are of particular interest to remote power users, where grid connected power is unavailable, and most electrical power comes from diesel electric generators. Diesel fuel is the fuel of choice because it can be easily transported and stored in quantities large enough to supply energy for small communities for extended periods of time. This projected aimed to demonstrate the operation of a solid oxide fuel cell on diesel fuel, and to measure the resulting efficiency. Results from this project have been somewhat encouraging, with a laboratory breadboard integration of a small scale diesel reformer and a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell demonstrated in the first 18 months of the project. This initial demonstration was conducted at INEEL in the spring of 2005 using a small scale diesel reformer provided by SOFCo and a fuel cell provided by Acumentrics. However, attempts to integrate and automate the available technology have not proved successful as yet. This is due both to the lack of movement on the fuel processing side as well as the rather poor stack lifetimes exhibited by the fuel cells. Commercial product is still unavailable, and precommercial devices are both extremely expensive and require extensive field support.

  19. HYDROGEN GENERATION FROM PLASMATRON REFORMERS: A PROMISING TECHNOLOGY FOR NOX ADSORBER REGENERATION AND OTHER AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bromberg, L.; Crane, S; Rabinovich, A.; Kong, Y; Cohn, D; Heywood, J; Alexeev, N.; Samokhin, A.

    2003-08-24

    Plasmatron reformers are being developed at MIT and ArvinMeritor [1]. In these reformers a special low power electrical discharge is used to promote partial oxidation conversion of hydrocarbon fuels into hydrogen and CO. The partial oxidation reaction of this very fuel rich mixture is difficult to initiate. The plasmatron provides continuous enhanced volume initiation. To minimize electrode erosion and electrical power requirements, a low current, high voltage discharge with wide area electrodes is used. The reformers operate at or slightly above atmospheric pressure. Plasmatron reformers provide the advantages of rapid startup and transient response; efficient conversion of the fuel to hydrogen rich gas; compact size; relaxation or elimination of reformer catalyst requirements; and capability to process difficult to reform fuels, such as diesel and bio-oils. These advantages facilitate use of onboard hydrogen-generation technology for diesel exhaust after-treatment. Plasma-enhanced reformer technology can provide substantial conversion even without the use of a catalyst. Recent progress includes a substantial decrease in electrical power consumption (to about 200 W), increased flow rate (above 1 g/s of diesel fuel corresponding to approximately 40 kW of chemical energy), soot suppression and improvements in other operational features.. Plasmatron reformer technology has been evaluated for regeneration of NOx adsorber after-treatment systems. At ArvinMeritor tests were performed on a dual-leg NOx adsorber system using a Cummins 8.3L diesel engine both in a test cell and on a vehicle. A NOx adsorber system was tested using the plasmatron reformer as a regenerator and without the reformer i.e., with straight diesel fuel based regeneration as the baseline case. The plasmatron reformer was shown to improve NOx regeneration significantly compared to the baseline diesel case. The net result of these initial tests was a significant decrease in fuel penalty, roughly 50% at moderate adsorber temperatures. This fuel penalty improvement is accompanied by a dramatic drop in slipped hydrocarbon emissions, which decreased by 90% or more. Significant advantages are demonstrated across a wide range of engine conditions and temperatures. The study also indicated the potential to regenerate NOx adsorbers at low temperatures where diesel fuel based regeneration is not effective, such as those typical of idle conditions. Two vehicles, a bus and a light duty truck, have been equipped for plasmatron reformer NOx adsorber regeneration tests.

  20. A review of "John Donne: The Reforming Soul" by John Stubbs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDowell, Sean

    2008-01-01

    Donne: The Reformed Soul. New York: W. W. Norton, 2007. 576 pp. $35.00. Review by SEAN MCDOWELL, SEATTLE UNIVERSITY. In John Donne scholarship, the nonfiction book one is most likely to find not just in libraries but also in chain bookstores across... the English-speaking world is John Donne: The Reformed Soul, the new full-length biography of Donne?s life by English scholar John Stubbs. Published first in the U. K. in 2006 and subsequently by W. W. Norton in 2007, John Donne: The Reformed Soul...

  1. Modeling of On-Cell Reforming Reaction for Planar SOFC Stacks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Choongmo; Lim, Hyung-Tae; Hwang, Soon Cheol; Kim, Dohyung; Lai, Canhai; Koeppel, Brian J.; Recknagle, Kurtis P.; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

    2011-05-30

    Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) stack is known to suffer thermal problem from high stack temperature during operation to generate high current. On-Cell Reforming (OCR) phenomenon is often used to reduce stack temperature by an endothermic reaction of steam-methane reforming process. RIST conducted single-cell experiment to validate modeling tool to simulate OCR performance including temperature measurement. 2D modeling is used to check reforming rate during OCR using temperature measurement data, and 3D modeling is used to check overall thermal performance including furnace boundary conditions.

  2. Math 138 Assignment #20 Make two pie charts using Excel. Pie ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    rroames

    2007-10-11

    Math 138. Assignment #20. Make two pie charts using Excel. Pie Chart I: Using a week day as an example, indicate the number of hours you spend doing.

  3. Deregulating and regulatory reform in the U.S. electric power sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2000-01-01

    This paper discusses the evolution of wholesale and retail competition in the U.S electricity sector and associated industry restructuring and regulatory reforms. It begins with a discussion of the industry structure and ...

  4. The risk of reform : privatisation and liberalisation in the Brazilian electric power industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tankha, Sunil, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    In 1996, when Brazil was well-underway to privatising and liberalising its electric power industry, few would have predicted that within five years the reforms would be a shambles. Like its neighbors Argentina and Chile, ...

  5. Computational heterogeneous catalysis applied to steam methane reforming over nickel and nickel/silver catalysts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blaylock, Donnie Wayne

    2011-01-01

    The steam methane reforming (SMR) reaction is the primary industrial means for producing hydrogen gas. As such, it is a critical support process for applications including petrochemical processing and ammonia synthesis. ...

  6. OXIDATION OF FUELS IN THE COOL FLAME REGIME FOR COMBUSTION AND REFORMING FOR FUEL CELLS.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NAIDJA,A.; KRISHNA,C.R.; BUTCHER,T.; MAHAJAN,D.

    2002-08-01

    THE REVIEW INTEGRATES RECENT INVESTIGATIONS ON AUTO OXIDATION OF FUEL OILS AND THEIR REFORMING INTO HYDROGEN RICH GAS THAT COULD SERVE AS A FEED FOR FUEL CELLS AND COMBUSTION SYSTEMS.

  7. National Welfare State Reforms and the Question of Europeanization: From Impact to Usages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacquot, Sophie

    2008-01-01

    This paper reviews the literature concerned with the interaction between the European Union and national welfare state reforms. Its interest lies in the studies that have been proposed of the interplay between the European ...

  8. Development of Ni-based Sulfur Resistant Catalyst for Diesel Reforming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gunther Dieckmann

    2006-06-30

    In order for diesel fuel to be used in a solid oxide fuel cell auxiliary power unit, the diesel fuel must be reformed into hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. One of the major problems facing catalytic reforming is that the level of sulfur found in low sulfur diesel can poison most catalysts. This report shows that a proprietary low cost Ni-based reforming catalyst can be used to reform a 7 and 50 ppm sulfur containing diesel fuel for over 500 hours of operation. Coking, which appears to be route of catalyst deactivation due to metal stripping, can be controlled by catalyst modifications, introduction of turbulence, and/or by application of an electromagnetic field with a frequency from {approx}50 kHz to 13.56 MHz with field strength greater than about 100 V/cm and more preferably greater about 500 V/cm.

  9. Rent Reform Initiatives In Public Housing and Section 8 Voucher Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenthal, Larry A.

    2007-01-01

    is a factor with HUD’s Section 8 Management AssessmentHousing and Section 8 Voucher Programs force HUD to identifyHUD rental Rent Reform Initiatives in Public Housing and Section 8

  10. Building the Reformed Kirk: the cultural use of ecclesiastical buildings in Scotland, 1560–1645 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chernoff, Graham Thomas

    2013-07-05

    This thesis examines the built environment and culture of Scotland between 1560 and 1645 by analysing church buildings erected during the period. The mid-sixteenth century ecclesiastical Reformation and mid-seventeenth-century ...

  11. Earnings Determination and Taxes: Evidence from a Cohort-Based Payroll Tax Reform in Greece

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saez, Emmanuel; Matsaganis, Manos; Tsakloglou, Panos

    2010-01-01

    pension outcomes i n Greece." British Jour¬ nal ofIndustrialL T A X R E F O R M IN GREECE Emmanuel Saez Manos MatsaganisBased Payroll Tax Reform in Greece Emmanuel Saez, Manos

  12. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Background Paper

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Paper by Arlene Anderson and Tracy Carole presented at the Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group, with a focus on key drivers, purpose, and scope.

  13. A light in the dark : labor reform in Guatemala during the FRG administration, 2000-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuentes, Alberto (Alberto Jose)

    2007-01-01

    Recent literature on Latin America has highlighted cases of reform by the region's governments to increase State regulation of the labor market, offset the detrimental effects of the so-called Washington Consensus, and ...

  14. Effects of operating conditions, compression ratio, and gasoline reformate on SI engine knock limits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerty, Michael D

    2005-01-01

    A set of experiments was performed to investigate the effects of air-fuel ratio, inlet boost pressure, hydrogen rich fuel reformate, and compression ratio on engine knock behavior. For each condition the effect of spark ...

  15. Fuel cell generator with fuel electrodes that control on-cell fuel reformation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ruka, Roswell J. (Pittsburgh, PA); Basel, Richard A. (Pittsburgh, PA); Zhang, Gong (Murrysville, PA)

    2011-10-25

    A fuel cell for a fuel cell generator including a housing including a gas flow path for receiving a fuel from a fuel source and directing the fuel across the fuel cell. The fuel cell includes an elongate member including opposing first and second ends and defining an interior cathode portion and an exterior anode portion. The interior cathode portion includes an electrode in contact with an oxidant flow path. The exterior anode portion includes an electrode in contact with the fuel in the gas flow path. The anode portion includes a catalyst material for effecting fuel reformation along the fuel cell between the opposing ends. A fuel reformation control layer is applied over the catalyst material for reducing a rate of fuel reformation on the fuel cell. The control layer effects a variable reformation rate along the length of the fuel cell.

  16. Essays on electricity market reforms: a cross-country applied approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdogdu, Erkan

    2013-06-11

    or national monopolies but they have been put under regulation by an independent regulator. Other common elements of the reforms include the introduction of wholesale and spot power markets, the establishment of impartial market and system operators...

  17. The wholesale market for electricity in England and Wales : recent developments and future reforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweeting, Andrew

    2000-01-01

    The England and Wales wholesale electricity market is about to undergo major reform (NETA). I describe and analyse the proposed arrangements, contrasting them with those currently in operation. I argue that while NETA will ...

  18. Heat Transfer Limitations in Hydrogen Production Via Steam Reformation: The Effect of Reactor Geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernon, David R.; Davieau, David D.; Dudgeon, Bryce A.; Erickson, Paul A.

    2006-01-01

    for on- board hydrogen production for fuel-cell poweredSteam-Reforming Hydrogen production Reactors, M.S. Thesis,at the UC Davis Hydrogen Production and Utilization

  19. How Planning Works in an Age of Reform: Land, Sustainability, and Housing Development Traditions in Zanzibar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muhajir, Makame Ali Haji

    2011-04-26

    , the land and environmental management projects were unable to sustain their adopted sustainability agenda that was based on democratic, collaborative, and participatory principles. The government finds it difficult to simultaneously cope with the reform...

  20. Development of a comprehensive reporting system for a school reform organization: The Accelerated Schools Project 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Jennifer Anne

    2006-04-12

    Given the conflicting research results on the effectiveness of whole-school reform models (Nunnery, 1998; Stringfield & Herman, 1997; American Institutes for Research, 1999; U.S. Department of Education, 2004), there is a need to focus...

  1. Voter Opinions about Election Reform: Do They Support Making Voting More Convenient?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, R. Michael

    2010-07-14

    We study public opinions about convenience voting reforms, using a unique state-by-state survey conducted in the 2008 presidential election. Our analysis of the American voting public’s support for potential convenience ...

  2. 19th Century Ballot Reform in California: A Study of the Huntington Library's Political Ephemera Collection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodrich, Melanie

    2008-11-30

    Ballot reform is an important part of the American political process. During the 1800’s, ballots changed drastically. At the beginning of the century, voters wrote the names of the candidates for whom they wished to vote ...

  3. Admonition and the academy : installation, video, and performance art in Reform Era China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oen, Karin Grace

    2012-01-01

    China's Reform Era (1978-present) has seen the reinvigoration of academic, and artistic practice, and a rapprochement between the Chinese Communist Party and the intellectual elite. At its beginnings in the early- to ...

  4. Organizational sense making : responsibilities to the MCAS reform in the Massachusetts public schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Janice J., 1953-

    2005-01-01

    Educational reform has become a central concern of public policy debates at both the state and federal level. The policy trend both nationally and locally is towards uniform standards in education, with testing as the ...

  5. Design and Operation of the Synthesis Gas Generator System for Reformed Propane and Glycerin Combustion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickett, Derek

    2013-12-31

    Element LHV Lower Heating Value N2 Nitrogen NI National Instruments NOx Nitrogen Oxides O2 Oxygen PP Pure Propane REG Renewable Energy Group RFS Renewable Fuel Standards RG Reformed Glycerin RP Reformed Propane RPM Revolutions Per Minute SM... ignition (CI) engines in sufficient quantities that meets the Renewable Fuel Standards (RFS) set by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) [4]. Upcoming mandates surrounding biofuels (including bio- based ethanol) in the United States requires a...

  6. Steam Reforming on Transition-metal Carbides from Density-functional Theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vojvodic, Aleksandra

    2012-05-11

    A screening study of the steam reforming reaction on clean and oxygen covered early transition-metal carbides surfaces is performed by means of density-functional theory calculations. It is found that carbides provide a wide spectrum of reactivities, from too reactive via suitable to too inert. Several molybdenum-based systems are identified as possible steam reforming catalysts. The findings suggest that carbides provide a playground for reactivity tuning, comparable to the one for pure metals.

  7. Address Assignment and Routing Schemes for ZigBee-Based Long-Thin Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tseng, Yu-Chee

    that the address assignment and thus the tree routing scheme defined in the original ZigBee specification may work Terms--address assignment, long-thin network, routing protocol, wireless sensor network, ZigBee. I [5]. For interoperability among different systems, standards such as ZigBee [17] have been developed

  8. CISC 327 -Fall 2014 ! Course Project Assignment #5 -Back End Unit Testing!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    CISC 327 - Fall 2014 ! ! Course Project Assignment #5 - Back End Unit Testing! !Due Wednesday Nov 19! !In this assignment, you will practice (partial) white box testing of the Back Office you cases on your Back End! !! (v) make a table of the failures uncovered by your tests (if any

  9. ISIS 9.0 | Student Center -Assign Authorized User Access 1 Created: 08.05.14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capogna, Luca

    ISIS 9.0 | Student Center - Assign Authorized User Access 1 Created: 08.05.14 Assign Authorized User Access Student Center ISIS 9.0 Set Up a New Authorized User This set up allows parents and other that allows the University to discuss items covered by FERPA with your user. 1. Log in to your ISIS Student

  10. A Distributed Resource Block Assignment Scheme for Relay-Assisted Cellular Networks With Self-Organizing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikomeroglu, Halim

    (WTs), the number of Terminal Relays (TRs) naturally increases with the number of WTs. However, ef an autonomous resources coordination scheme. In this scheme, the TRs assign RBs to incoming WTs in a way that minimizes the number of hit occurrences at which the same RB is assigned to other WTs. The set of RBs

  11. Automated Layout and Phase Assignment Techniques for Dark Field Alternating PSM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelikovsky, Alexander

    Automated Layout and Phase Assignment Techniques for Dark Field Alternating PSM Andrew B. Kahng-optimization of layout and phase assignment for alternating PSM. Preliminary computational experience appears promising. Keywords: Layout veri cation, manufacturability, alternating phase-shift mask PSM, compaction, physical

  12. Automated Layout and Phase Assignment Techniques for Dark Field Alternating PSM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelikovsky, Alexander

    Automated Layout and Phase Assignment Techniques for Dark Field Alternating PSM Andrew B. Kahng­optimization of layout and phase assignment for alternating PSM. Preliminary computational experience appears promising. Keywords: Layout verification, manufacturability, alternating phase­shift mask (PSM), compaction, physical

  13. HUMANITIES CONFERENCE ROOMS A. Protocol for the Divisional-Assigned Conference Rooms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    HUMANITIES CONFERENCE ROOMS A. Protocol for the Divisional-Assigned Conference Rooms B. Policies & Procedures Governing Humanities Conference Rooms C. Room Descriptions D. Detailed Reservation Instructions and Form A. Protocol for the Divisional-Assigned Conference Rooms: Humanities 1: Rooms 202, 210, 402, 408

  14. Joint Logical Topology Design, Interface Assignment, Channel Allocation, and Routing for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Vincent

    wireless routers, where each router is equipped with multiple network interface cards (NICs). Each NIC assignment decides how the logical links should be assigned to the NICs in each wireless router. Channel. An MC-WMN with six wireless mesh routers, five frequency channels, and three NICs per router. The number

  15. Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Home Work Assignment Ozone Chemistry 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, Rodney

    1 Air Pollution Physics and Chemistry EAS 6790 Fall 2010 Home Work Assignment Ozone Chemistry 2 and Chemistry EAS 6790 Fall 2006 Home Work Assignment No. 4, Ozone Chemistry Problems 11.8 and 11.9 (sub-part 1 and 2 only). Daniel Jacob, Atmospheric Chemistry #12;2 Problem 2: 2 2. Consider an air parcel ventilated

  16. EDA221 Introduction to Computer Graphics, 2013 Assignment 1 Solar System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EDA221 ­ Introduction to Computer Graphics, 2013 Assignment 1 ­ Solar System In this assignment you-definition. This will instruct the precompiler to use solar system.cpp as the main program. Before com- piling however, some code needs to be written. Solar System Create your own model of the solar system

  17. Assignment 6: Heat Transfer Page 1 of 8 600.112: Introduction to Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fröhlich, Peter

    Assignment 6: Heat Transfer Page 1 of 8 600.112: Introduction to Programming for Scientists and Engineers Assignment 6: Heat Transfer Peter H. Fr¨ohlich phf@cs.jhu.edu Joanne Selinski joanne to Programming for Scientists and Engineers is all about heat transfer and how to simulate it. There are three

  18. Frank Masci Page 1 06/17/2003 Initial Pipeline Assignment Procedure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masci, Frank

    Frank Masci Page 1 06/17/2003 Initial Pipeline Assignment Procedure (The SIRTF "Pipeline Picker") F and request (AOR, IER or SER) is assigned a pipeline thread to initiate processing. It was developed by J, the "pipeline picker" routine is triggered to uniquely determine an appropriate pipeline script-ID (pl

  19. Communicating and Learning in Engineering Online Resources 1 Using References in Your Assignments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

    Communicating and Learning in Engineering Online Resources 1 Using References in Your Assignments source was assigned in the text. #12;Examples of citations: Example 1 The textbook is The Geography587W Communicating and Learning in Engineering Online Resources 2 #12;3. Devising a List of References

  20. FLUIDIZED BED STEAM REFORMING ENABLING ORGANIC HIGH LEVEL WASTE DISPOSAL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, M

    2008-05-09

    Waste streams planned for generation by the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) and existing radioactive High Level Waste (HLW) streams containing organic compounds such as the Tank 48H waste stream at Savannah River Site have completed simulant and radioactive testing, respectfully, by Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). GNEP waste streams will include up to 53 wt% organic compounds and nitrates up to 56 wt%. Decomposition of high nitrate streams requires reducing conditions, e.g. provided by organic additives such as sugar or coal, to reduce NOX in the off-gas to N2 to meet Clean Air Act (CAA) standards during processing. Thus, organics will be present during the waste form stabilization process regardless of the GNEP processes utilized and exists in some of the high level radioactive waste tanks at Savannah River Site and Hanford Tank Farms, e.g. organics in the feed or organics used for nitrate destruction. Waste streams containing high organic concentrations cannot be stabilized with the existing HLW Best Developed Available Technology (BDAT) which is HLW vitrification (HLVIT) unless the organics are removed by pretreatment. The alternative waste stabilization pretreatment process of Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) operates at moderate temperatures (650-750 C) compared to vitrification (1150-1300 C). The FBSR process has been demonstrated on GNEP simulated waste and radioactive waste containing high organics from Tank 48H to convert organics to CAA compliant gases, create no secondary liquid waste streams and create a stable mineral waste form.

  1. Methods of reforming hydrocarbon fuels using hexaaluminate catalysts

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gardner, Todd H. (Morgantown, WV); Berry, David A. (Morgantown, WV); Shekhawat, Dushyant (Morgantown, WV)

    2012-03-27

    A metal substituted hexaaluminate catalyst for reforming hydrocarbon fuels to synthesis gas of the general formula AB.sub.yAl.sub.12-yO.sub.19-.delta., A being selected from alkali metals, alkaline earth metals and lanthanide metals or mixtures thereof. A dopant or surface modifier selected from a transitions metal, a spinel of an oxygen-ion conductor is incorporated. The dopant may be Ca, Cs, K, La, Sr, Ba, Li, Mg, Ce, Co, Fe, Ir, Rh, Ni, Ru, Cu, Pe, Os, Pd, Cr, Mn, W, Re, Sn, Gd, V, Ti, Ag, Au, and mixtures thereof. The oxygen-ion conductor may be a perovskite selected from M'RhO.sub.3, M'PtO.sub.3, M'PdO.sub.3, M'IrO.sub.3, M'RuO.sub.3 wherein M'=Mg, Sr, Ba, La, Ca; a spinel selected from MRh.sub.2O.sub.4, MPt.sub.2O.sub.4, MPd.sub.2O.sub.4, MIr.sub.2O.sub.4, MRu.sub.2O.sub.4 wherein M=Mg, Sr, Ba, La, Ca and mixtures thereof; a florite is selected from M''O.sub.2.

  2. Modeling the Effects of Steam-Fuel Reforming Products on Low Temperature Combustion of n-Heptane

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The effects of blends of base fuel (n-heptane) and fuel-reformed products on the low-temperature combustion process were investigated.

  3. Hydrogen production from the steam reforming of Dinethyl Ether and Methanol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Semelsberger, T. A.; Borup, R. L.

    2004-01-01

    This study investigates dimethyl ether (DME) steam reforming for the generation of hydrogen rich fuel cell feeds for fuel cell applications. Methanol has long been considered as a fuel for the generation of hydrogen rich fuel cell feeds due to its high energy density, low reforming temperature, and zero impurity content. However, it has not been accepted as the fuel of choice due its current limited availability, toxicity and corrosiveness. While methanol steam reforming for the generation of hydrogen rich fuel cell feeds has been extensively studied, the steam reforming of DME, CH{sub 3}OCH{sub 3} + 3H{sub 2}O = 2CO{sub 2} + 6H{sub 2}, has had limited research effort. DME is the simplest ether (CH{sub 3}OCH{sub 3}) and is a gas at ambient conditions. DME has physical properties similar to those of LPG fuels (i.e. propane and butane), resulting in similar storage and handling considerations. DME is currently used as an aerosol propellant and has been considercd as a diesel substitute due to the reduced NOx, SOx and particulate emissions. DME is also being considered as a substitute for LPG fuels, which is used extensively in Asia as a fuel for heating and cooking, and naptha, which is used for power generation. The potential advantages of both methanol and DME include low reforming temperature, decreased fuel proccssor startup energy, environmentally benign, visible flame, high heating value, and ease of storage and transportation. In addition, DME has the added advantages of low toxicity and being non-corrosive. Consequently, DME may be an ideal candidate for the generation of hydrogen rich fuel cell feeds for both automotive and portable power applications. The steam reforming of DME has been demonstrated to occur through a pair of reactions in series, where the first reaction is DME hydration followed by MeOH steam reforming to produce a hydrogen rich stream.

  4. Annual Assignment Instructions for FAIR 3.0 To reach the Annual Assignment page, click the Annual Assignment link in the Modules section (see green box) or by selecting the Annual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    ) #12;You can search for the faculty member(s) for whom annual assignments are to be entered several ways. By default, the option to Search Records By Campus/College/Department is selected. If you wish narrow the results by specifying the college and/or department and by restricting the search to active

  5. An Innovative Injection and Mixing System for Diesel Fuel Reforming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spencer Pack

    2007-12-31

    This project focused on fuel stream preparation improvements prior to injection into a solid oxide fuel cell reformer. Each milestone and the results from each milestone are discussed in detail in this report. The first two milestones were the creation of a coking formation test rig and various testing performed on this rig. Initial tests indicated that three anti-carbon coatings showed improvement over an uncoated (bare metal) baseline. However, in follow-up 70 hour tests of the down selected coatings, Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) analysis revealed that no carbon was generated on the test specimens. These follow-up tests were intended to enable a down selection to a single best anti-carbon coating. Without the formation of carbon it was impossible to draw conclusions as to which anti-carbon coating showed the best performance. The final 70 hour tests did show that AMCX AMC26 demonstrated the lowest discoloration of the metal out of the three down selected anti-carbon coatings. This discoloration did not relate to carbon but could be a useful result when carbon growth rate is not the only concern. Unplanned variations in the series of tests must be considered and may have altered the results. Reliable conclusions could only be drawn from consistent, repeatable testing beyond the allotted time and funding for this project. Milestones 3 and 4 focused on the creation of a preheating pressure atomizer and mixing chamber. A design of experiment test helped identify a configuration of the preheating injector, Build 1, which showed a very uniform fuel spray flow field. This injector was improved upon by the creation of a Build 2 injector. Build 2 of the preheating injector demonstrated promising SMD results with only 22psi fuel pressure and 0.7 in H2O of Air. It was apparent from testing and CFD that this Build 2 has flow field recirculation zones. These recirculation zones may suggest that this Build 2 atomizer and mixer would require steam injection to reduce the auto ignition potential. It is also important to note that to achieve uniform mixing within a short distance, some recirculation is necessary. Milestone 5 generated CFD and FEA results that could be used to optimize the preheating injector. CFD results confirmed the recirculation zones seen in test data and confirmed that the flow field would not change when attached to a reformer. The FEA predicted fuel wetted wall temperatures which led to several suggested improvements that could possibly improve nozzle efficiency. Milestone 6 (originally an optional task) took a different approach than the preheating pressure atomizer. It focused on creation and optimization of a piezoelectric injector which could perform at extremely low fuel pressures. The piezoelectric atomizer showed acceptable SMD results with fuel pressure less than 1.0 psig and air pressure less than 1.0 in H2O. These SMD values were enhanced when a few components were changed, and it is expected would improve further still at elevated air temperatures. It was demonstrated that the piezoelectric injector could accomplish the desired task. The addition of phase tracking and a burst mode to the frequency controller increased the usability of the piezoelectric injector. This injector is ready to move on to the next phase of development. Engine Components has met the required program milestones of this project. Some of the Milestones were adjusted to allow Milestone 6 to be completed in parallel with the other Milestones. Because of this, Task 3.10 and 3.13 were made optional instead of Milestone 6. Engine Components was extremely grateful for the support that was provided by NETL in support of this work.

  6. Experimental and computational investigations of sulfur-resistant bimetallic catalysts for reforming of biomass gasification products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rangan, Meghana; Yung, Matthew M.; Medlin, J. William (NREL); (Colorado)

    2011-11-17

    A combination of density functional theory (DFT) calculations and experimental studies of supported catalysts was used to identify H{sub 2}S-resistant biomass gasification product reforming catalysts. DFT calculations were used to search for bimetallic, nickel-based (1 1 1) surfaces with lower sulfur adsorption energies and enhanced ethylene adsorption energies. These metrics were used as predictors for H{sub 2}S resistance and activity toward steam reforming of ethylene, respectively. Relative to Ni, DFT studies found that the Ni/Sn surface alloy exhibited enhanced sulfur resistance and the Ni/Ru system exhibited an improved ethylene binding energy with a small increase in sulfur binding energy. A series of supported bimetallic nickel catalysts was prepared and screened under model ethylene reforming conditions and simulated biomass tar reforming conditions. The observed experimental trends in activity were consistent with theoretical predictions, with observed reforming activities in the order Ni/Ru > Ni > Ni/Sn. Interestingly, Ni/Ru showed a high level of resistance to sulfur poisoning compared with Ni. This sulfur resistance can be partly explained by trends in sulfur versus ethylene binding energy at different types of sites across the bimetallic surface.

  7. New Insights into Reaction Mechanisms of Ethanol Steam Reforming on Co-ZrO2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Junming; Karim, Ayman M.; Mei, Donghai; Engelhard, Mark H.; Bao, Xinhe; Wang, Yong

    2015-01-01

    The reaction pathway of ethanol steam reforming on Co-ZrO2 has been identified and the active sites associated with each step are proposed. Ethanol is converted to acetaldehyde and then to acetone, followed by acetone steam reforming. More than 90% carbon was found to follow this reaction pathway. N2-Sorption, X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Temperature Programmed Reduction (TPR), in situ X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Transmission Electron Microscopy, as well as theoretical Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations have been employed to identify the structure and functionality of the catalysts, which was further used to correlate their performance in ESR. It was found that metallic cobalt is mainly responsible for the acetone steam reforming reactions; while, CoO and basic sites on the support play a key role in converting ethanol to acetone via dehydrogenation and condensation/ketonization reaction pathways. The current work provides fundamental understanding of the ethanol steam reforming reaction mechanisms on Co-ZrO2 catalysts and sheds light on the rational design of selective and durable ethanol steam reforming catalysts.

  8. Durability Testing of Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming Products

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JANTZEN, CAROL M.; PAREIZS, JOHN M.; LORIER, TROY H.; MARRA, JAMES C.

    2005-07-01

    Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) is being considered as a potential technology for the immobilization of a wide variety of radioactive wastes but especially aqueous high sodium wastes at the Hanford site, at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), and at the Savannah River Site (SRS). The FBSR technology converts organic compounds to CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O, converts nitrate/nitrite species to N{sub 2}, and produces a solid residue through reactions with superheated steam, the fluidizing media. If clay is added during processing a ''mineralized'' granular waste form can be produced. The mineral components of the waste form are primarily Na-Al-Si (NAS) feldspathoid minerals with cage-like and ring structures and iron bearing spinel minerals. The cage and ring structured minerals atomically bond radionuclides like Tc{sup 99} and Cs{sup 137} and anions such as SO{sub 4}, I, F, and Cl. The spinel minerals appear to stabilize Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) hazardous species such as Cr and Ni. Durability testing of the FBSR products was performed using ASTM C1285 (Product Consistency Test) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Toxic Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP). The FBSR mineral products (bed and fines) evaluated in this study were found to be two orders of magnitude more durable than the Hanford Low Activity Waste (LAW) glass requirement of 2 g/m{sup 2} release of Na{sup +}. The PCT responses for the FBSR samples tested were consistent with results from previous FBSR Hanford LAW product testing. Differences in the response can be explained by the minerals formed and their effects on PCT leachate chemistry.

  9. SELLER'S ASSIGNMENT OF REFUNDS, REBATES, CREDITS, AND OTHER AMOUNTS (Apr 2000)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SELLER'S ASSIGNMENT OF REFUNDS, REBATES, CREDITS, AND OTHER AMOUNTS (Apr 2000) Pursuant refunds, rebates, credits, and other amounts (including any interest thereon), arising out refunds, rebates, credits, and other amounts (including any interest thereon) due or which may become due

  10. Automated Analysis of Protein NMR Assignments Using Methods from Artificial Intelligence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, Robert

    Automated Analysis of Protein NMR Assignments Using Methods from Artificial Intelligence Diane E correlation spectrum. The software Abbreviations used: AI, arti®cial intelligence; Csp A, major cold shock

  11. course web site Note: For all homework assignments, when graphs and plots are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmeri, Thomas

    PSY318! Week 4 #12;course web site #12;Note: For all homework assignments, when graphs and plots web site is a simple example of some Matlab code for creating line and bar graphs: Graph

  12. Analyzing models for semantic role assignment using confusability Katrin Erk and Sebastian Pad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padó, Sebastian

    Analyzing models for semantic role assignment using confusability Katrin Erk and Sebastian Padó Computational Linguistics Saarland University Saarbrücken, Germany {erk,pado}@coli.uni-sb.de Abstract We analyze

  13. Information theoretic approach for performance evaluation of multi-class assignment systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Ryan S.

    Multi-class assignment is often used to aid in the exploitation of data in the Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) community. For example, tracking systems collect detections into tracks and recognition ...

  14. Algorithmic and implementation aspects of on-line calibration of Dynamic Traffic Assignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Enyang

    2010-01-01

    This thesis compares alternative and proposes new candidate algorithms for the online calibration of Dynamic Traffic Assignment (DTA). The thesis presents two formulations to on-line calibration: 1) The classical statespace ...

  15. Rev 1/23/2015 JIMAR ADMINISTRATION STAFF ASSIGNMENTS BY AREA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rev 1/23/2015 JIMAR ADMINISTRATION STAFF ASSIGNMENTS BY AREA: PERSONNEL / PAYROLL Accident/Non-Standard Issues: Blanche OTHER Administrative Unit Operations: Kevin Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC): Dodie

  16. Energy-Aware Weight Assignment Framework for Circuit Oriented GMPLS Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Switching (GMPLS) backbone networks, where optical technologies allow to design "circuit switching" network. Overall, each element can operate at several "power-states", corresponding to different switching weight assignment policy favours a consistent reduction of the network power consumption, without

  17. Mechanisms of responsibility assignment during redundant reaching1 Alexandra Reichenbach1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diedrichsen, Jörn

    for a simplified kinematics and dynamic45 analysis (Bhushan and Shadmehr 1999). In natural, free movements, most1 Mechanisms of responsibility assignment during redundant reaching1 movements2 3 4 Alexandra

  18. Steam Reforming Technology for Denitration and Immobilization of DOE Tank Wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mason, J. B.; McKibbin, J.; Ryan, K.; Schmoker, D.

    2003-02-26

    THOR Treatment Technologies, LLC (THOR) is a joint venture formed in June 2002 by Studsvik, Inc. (Studsvik) and Westinghouse Government Environmental Services Company LLC to further develop, market, and deploy Studsvik's patented THORSM non-incineration, steam reforming waste treatment technology. This paper provides an overview of the THORSM steam reforming process as applied to the denitration and conversion of Department of Energy (DOE) tank wastes to an immobilized mineral form. Using the THORSM steam reforming technology to treat nitrate containing tank wastes could significantly benefit the DOE by reducing capital and life-cycle costs, reducing processing and programmatic risks, and positioning the DOE to meet or exceed its stakeholder commitments for tank closure. Specifically, use of the THORSM technology can facilitate processing of up to 75% of tank wastes without the use of vitrification, yielding substantial life-cycle cost savings.

  19. Process and apparatus for the production of hydrogen by steam reforming of hydrocarbon

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sircar, Shivaji (Wescosville, PA); Hufton, Jeffrey Raymond (Fogelsville, PA); Nataraj, Shankar (Allentown, PA)

    2000-01-01

    In the steam reforming of hydrocarbon, particularly methane, under elevated temperature and pressure to produce hydrogen, a feed of steam and hydrocarbon is fed into a first reaction volume containing essentially only reforming catalyst to partially reform the feed. The balance of the feed and the reaction products of carbon dioxide and hydrogen are then fed into a second reaction volume containing a mixture of catalyst and adsorbent which removes the carbon dioxide from the reaction zone as it is formed. The process is conducted in a cycle which includes these reactions followed by countercurrent depressurization and purge of the adsorbent to regenerate it and repressurization of the reaction volumes preparatory to repeating the reaction-sorption phase of the cycle.

  20. Method for forming synthesis gas using a plasma-catalyzed fuel reformer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hartvigsen, Joseph J; Elangovan, S; Czernichowski, Piotr; Hollist, Michele

    2015-04-28

    A method of forming a synthesis gas utilizing a reformer is disclosed. The method utilizes a reformer that includes a plasma zone to receive a pre-heated mixture of reactants and ionize the reactants by applying an electrical potential thereto. A first thermally conductive surface surrounds the plasma zone and is configured to transfer heat from an external heat source into the plasma zone. The reformer further includes a reaction zone to chemically transform the ionized reactants into synthesis gas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide. A second thermally conductive surface surrounds the reaction zone and is configured to transfer heat from the external heat source into the reaction zone. The first thermally conductive surface and second thermally conductive surface are both directly exposed to the external heat source. A corresponding apparatus and system are also disclosed herein.

  1. A Comparison of Static and Dynamic Traffic Assignment Under Tolls: A Study of the Dallas-Fort Worth Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    A Comparison of Static and Dynamic Traffic Assignment Under Tolls: A Study of the Dallas-Fort Worth, most of the work in the literature uses static transportation models for analysis. The benefits comparison of static traffic assignment with the VISTA model, a simulation-based dynamic traffic assignment

  2. How to set up WebAssign The class key for this course is utah 6162 8688

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Anurag

    How to set up WebAssign The class key for this course is utah 6162 8688 What to purchase: The text. Regardless of whether you do this, you must purchase Enhanced WebAssign (EWA), which will be used for homework, and additionally gives you many resources alongside the book. The textbook/WebAssign can

  3. Theoretical study of Diesel fuel reforming by a non-thermal arc discharge A. Lebouvier1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Theoretical study of Diesel fuel reforming by a non-thermal arc discharge A. Lebouvier1,2 , G anti-pollution norm namely for Diesel powered vehicles. NOx (NO, NO2,...) are very irritant pollutants- nologies purge is the use of non-thermal plasma. Plasma reforming of diesel fuel and exhaust gas mix- ture

  4. Isotopic and kinetic assessment of the mechanism of methane reforming and decomposition reactions on supported iridium catalysts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iglesia, Enrique

    Isotopic and kinetic assessment of the mechanism of methane reforming and decomposition reactions reforming reactions. 1. Introduction Methane is an essential raw material in the synthesis of liquid fuels and petrochemical, but its strong C­H bonds (439 kJ molÀ1 1 ) require active catalysts and severe reaction

  5. EECS 440: Machine Learning, Fall 2014 Programming Assignment 3 Assigned Friday October 3, due Thursday October 16. Max points: 100. Peer review: 100.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Soumya

    should use Matlab's/Python's library QP solver to solve for a linear SVM given each classification.g. the systems in our labs. Do NOT use nonstandard/special purpose compilers or complex language features if they reduce clarity, even if they are more efficient. For the purposes of these assignments, Java 5, Python 2

  6. Assignment Carbon Footprints Name__Lachniet__ 1) See Figure 1.1a at the back of the assignment (from IPCC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lachniet, Matthew S.

    Assignment Carbon Footprints Name__Lachniet__ 1) See Figure 1.1a at the back capita, relative to other countries. 3) Use the carbon footprint calculator at 1) http utility bill. Use the # of people living in your house. a) What is your carbon footprint, in metric

  7. Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group (BILIWG) Kick-Off Meeting Proceedings Hilton Garden Inn-BWI,Baltimore, MD October 24, 2006

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Proceedings from the October 24, 2006 Bio-Derived Liquids to Hydrogen Distributed Reforming Working Group Kick-Off Meeting.

  8. Development and Application of ANN Model for Worker Assignment into Virtual Cells of Large Sized Configurations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murali, R. V.; Fathi, Khalid [Faculty Members, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Caledonian College of Engineering (Oman); Puri, A. B. [Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, NIT, Durgapur, West Bengal (India)

    2010-10-26

    This paper presents an extended version of study already undertaken on development of an artificial neural networks (ANNs) model for assigning workforce into virtual cells under virtual cellular manufacturing systems (VCMS) environments. Previously, the same authors have introduced this concept and applied it to virtual cells of two-cell configuration and the results demonstrated that ANNs could be a worth applying tool for carrying out workforce assignments. In this attempt, three-cell configurations problems are considered for worker assignment task. Virtual cells are formed under dual resource constraint (DRC) context in which the number of available workers is less than the total number of machines available. Since worker assignment tasks are quite non-linear and highly dynamic in nature under varying inputs and conditions and, in parallel, ANNs have the ability to model complex relationships between inputs and outputs and find similar patterns effectively, an attempt was earlier made to employ ANNs into the above task. In this paper, the multilayered perceptron with feed forward (MLP-FF) neural network model has been reused for worker assignment tasks of three-cell configurations under DRC context and its performance at different time periods has been analyzed. The previously proposed worker assignment model has been reconfigured and cell formation solutions available for three-cell configuration in the literature are used in combination to generate datasets for training ANNs framework. Finally, results of the study have been presented and discussed.

  9. Can CO-tolerant Anodes be Economically Viable for PEMFC Applications with Reformates?

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    He, P.; Zhang, Y.; Ye., S.; Wang, J. X.

    2014-10-05

    Several years ago, the answer to this question was negative based on the criteria for an anode with more »ability to simultaneously enhance activity and stability by using single crystalline Ru@Pt core-shell nanocatalysts. Here, we report that the performance target with reformates was met using bilayer-thick Ru@Pt core-shell nanocatalysts with 0.047 mg cm-2 Pt and 0.024 mg cm-2 Ru loading, supporting a positive prognosis for the economically viable use of reformates in PEMFC applications.« less

  10. Feasibility Analysis of Steam Reforming of Biodiesel by-product Glycerol to Make Hydrogen 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joshi, Manoj

    2009-06-09

    ) reaction where it reacts with excess steam in presence of catalyst to form hydrogen and carbon dioxide. In general, 8 Co/MgO, Co/Al2O3, Ni/MgO is used as catalyst for steam reforming because they are cheaper and easily available. During... hydrogen. This process consists of 850oC reformer, 350oC and 210oC shift reactors for water gas shift reaction, flash tanks, and a separator. It is considered to be the least expensive method. iv At 850oC and 1 atm pressure, glycerol reacts...

  11. U.S. Policy and the Future of Uzbekistan: Promoting Reform, Security, and Regional Stability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    be added Interagency Dynamics CENTCOM VTC Uzbekistan Move 1 SITUATION MEANS 1 MIXED RESULTS President Karimov is gone. Uzbek Search and Rescue options. Appoint an interim President who will stand for election in 90 days. Appoint a known reformer who... branch. Appoint a police personality to control people and elites. Col Gen Inoyatov fit the bill. Appoint a “front man” subservient to police power. LESSONS FOR U.S.: Be prepared to ride out a tense period. Uzbeks want economic reform in the long...

  12. Reforming of Diesel Fuel for Transportation Applications J. P. Kopasz, S. Lottes, D-J. Liu, R. Ahluwalia, V. Novick and S. Ahmed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , steam and water prior to catalyst bed 3-fluid nozzle delivers a fine mist of fuel #12;ReformingReforming of Diesel Fuel for Transportation Applications J. P. Kopasz, S. Lottes, D-J. Liu, R. Ahluwalia, V. Novick and S. Ahmed Argonne National Laboratory Applications of diesel fuel reforming

  13. First-Principles Study on the Origin of the Different Selectivities for Methanol Steam Reforming on Cu(111) and Pd(111)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Weixue

    different catalytic processes, including methanol decomposition (eq 1), methanol steam reforming (eq 2First-Principles Study on the Origin of the Different Selectivities for Methanol Steam Reforming steam reforming (MSR) is an important industrial process for hydrogen production, and fundamental

  14. For nearly a year, the national election reform debate has become dominated by a single issue: can voters trust that their ballots will be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivest, Ronald L.

    Briefing For nearly a year, the national election reform debate has become dominated by a single is secure. Consequently, in this seventh edition of our Election Reform Briefing series, electionline.org examines voting security, the most controversial aspect of election reform since the passage of the Help

  15. Colorectal cancer and socioeconomic status in Miami-Dade County: Neighborhood-level associations before and after the Welfare Reform Act

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy Chowdhury, Rinku

    before and after the Welfare Reform Act M.N. Hernandez a,*, R. Roy Chowdhury b , LE. Fleming c , DA, evaluating them in relation to neighborhood characteristics and the 1996 Welfare Reform Act. Late-stage CRC distinct time periods corresponding to before and after the 1996 Welfare Reform Act. CRC incidence

  16. High Efficiency Solar-based Catalytic Structure for CO{sub 2} Reforming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menkara, Hisham

    2013-09-30

    Throughout this project, we developed and optimized various photocatalyst structures for CO{sub 2} reforming into hydrocarbon fuels and various commodity chemical products. We also built several closed-loop and continuous fixed-bed photocatalytic reactor system prototypes for a larger-scale demonstration of CO{sub 2} reforming into hydrocarbons, mainly methane and formic acid. The results achieved have indicated that with each type of reactor and structure, high reforming yields can be obtained by refining the structural and operational conditions of the reactor, as well as by using various sacrificial agents (hole scavengers). We have also demonstrated, for the first time, that an aqueous solution containing acid whey (a common bio waste) is a highly effective hole scavenger for a solar-based photocatalytic reactor system and can help reform CO{sub 2} into several products at once. The optimization tasks performed throughout the project have resulted in efficiency increase in our conventional reactors from an initial 0.02% to about 0.25%, which is 10X higher than our original project goal. When acid whey was used as a sacrificial agent, the achieved energy efficiency for formic acid alone was ~0.4%, which is 16X that of our original project goal and higher than anything ever reported for a solar-based photocatalytic reactor. Therefore, by carefully selecting sacrificial agents, it should be possible to reach energy efficiency in the range of the photosynthetic efficiency of typical crop and biofuel plants (1-3%).

  17. SOLAR UPGRADE OF METHANE USING DRY REFORMING IN DIRECT CONTACT BUBBLE REACTOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    SOLAR UPGRADE OF METHANE USING DRY REFORMING IN DIRECT CONTACT BUBBLE REACTOR Khalid Al-Ali 1 , Kodama S. 1 , Kaneko H. 1 , Sekiguchi H. 1 , Tamaura Y. 1 and Chiesa M. 2 1 Department of Chemical, in an alkali carbonate based molten salt system containing suspended Ni-Al2O3 catalyst. A thermodynamical

  18. Performance of Sulfur Tolerant Reforming Catalysts for Production of Hydrogen from Jet Fuel Simulants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azad, Abdul-Majeed

    Performance of Sulfur Tolerant Reforming Catalysts for Production of Hydrogen from Jet Fuel is a critical path for the use of jet fuels in powering the commercial growth of fuel cell systems for air the fuel through adsorptive methods is not practical for long term operations. The current work describes

  19. Combined Steam Reforming and Partial Oxidation of Methane to Synthesis Gas under Electrical Discharge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallinson, Richard

    and carbon monoxide, is an important raw material in chemical manufacture such as, Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and Materials Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 An experimental study of synthesis gas production has been steam reforming, shown in reaction 4. It is very useful to use low-cost materials

  20. THE CALIFORNIAN MODEL AS THE PARADIGM FOR SECOND GENERATION REFORMS IN LATINAMERIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    THE CALIFORNIAN MODEL AS THE PARADIGM FOR SECOND GENERATION REFORMS IN LATINAMERIC Hugh Rudnick, Pontificia Universidad Cat61ica de Chile, Santiago, Chile The electric energy industry in Latin America has countries in 1997. Brazil also joined the group and Venezuela, Mexico and Ecuador have initiated actions

  1. Project Information Form Project Title Program for Vehicle Regulatory Reform: Assessing Life Cycle-Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Project Information Form Project Title Program for Vehicle Regulatory Reform: Assessing Life Cycle vehicle production emissions and other life cycle emissions. Non- operation emissions are more dominant the need, effectiveness, and policy strategies for capturing life cycle vehicle emissions in LDV GHG

  2. Pielke -Government Reform Testimony 30 January 2007 Page 1 of 13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Pielke - Government Reform Testimony 30 January 2007 Page 1 of 13 STATEMENT TO THE COMMITTEE that good congressional oversight is not easy. But I also know how essential it is to the health Introduction I thank the Chairman and the Committee for the opportunity to offer testimony this morning

  3. Hagiography and Theology for a Comprehensive Reformed Church: John Gauden and the portrayal of Ralph Brownrigg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hampton, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    affirms the fundamental soundness of the Church of England’s polity, and underlines that many of her bishops have been beyond reproach: he also suggests that the best forum for bringing reform and healing to the Church is the orderly deliberation of a...

  4. Effects of the Bus Regulatory Reform Act of 1982 on the Texas intercity bus industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuenzer, Karen Elizabeth

    1993-01-01

    . The passage of the Bus Regulatory Reform Act of 1982 was an effort to decrease operating costs and increase ridership by allowing bus companies to discontinue unprofitable routes, have freedom over the setting of fares, and enter into new, competitive markets...

  5. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Measurements for fuel reforming for scramjet thermal management and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1 Measurements for fuel reforming for scramjet. Different cooling strategies have been evaluated by MBDA-France (calculations, material tests). Metallic. The time allocated to mix the injected fuel with inlet air, to ignite the combustion and to complete

  6. Hydrogen Bond Dissociation and Reformation in Methanol Oligomers Following Hydroxyl Stretch Relaxation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    Hydrogen Bond Dissociation and Reformation in Methanol Oligomers Following Hydroxyl Stretch, 2002 Vibrational relaxation and hydrogen bond dynamics in methanol-d dissolved in CCl4 have been-d molecules both accepting and donating hydrogen bonds at 2500 cm-1 . Following vibrational relaxation

  7. A New Look at Patent Reform: Comparison to other suggested approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollaar, Lee A.

    A New Look at Patent Reform: Comparison to other suggested approaches Lee A. Hollaar Professor (The latest version of the paper can be found at http://digital-law-online.info/papers/lah/mini-patent while not substantially helping patents. "Gold-plated patents" In their paper "What to Do about Bad

  8. FLUIDIZED BED STEAM REFORMING FOR TREATMENT AND IMMOBILIZATION OF LOW-ACTIVITY WASTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HEWITT WM

    2011-04-08

    This report is one of four reports written to provide background information regarding immobilization technologies remaining under consideration for supplemental immobilization of Hanford's low-activity waste. This paper provides the reader a general understanding of fluidized bed steam reforming and its possible application to treat and immobilize Hanford low-activity waste.

  9. Mixed Ionic/Electronic Conducting Ceramic Membranes for Oxygen-Assisted CO2 Reforming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slade, David

    2010-03-29

    Incorporating a SrFeCo0.5Ox (SFC) membrane into a CO2 reforming reactor doubles methane conversion with a powder Pt/ZrO2 catalyst. The deactivation of both Pt/ZrO2 and a Pt/CeZrO2 catalyst is also retarded substantially. Catalyst performance...

  10. Anaerobic digestion for methane generation and ammonia reforming for hydrogen production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anaerobic digestion for methane generation and ammonia reforming for hydrogen production to the methane potential alone indicated that at a C:N ratio of 17, the energy output was greater for the ADBH is converted to carbon dioxide and methane, and organic nitrogen is converted to ammonia. Generally, ammonia

  11. Chinese Trade Reforms, Market Access and Foreign Competition: the Patterns of French Exporters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Chinese Trade Reforms, Market Access and Foreign Competition: the Patterns of French Exporters on firms' export patterns: (i) ex- pansion of export opportunities for foreign firms exporting exports react to an exogenous variation in Chinese import tariff cuts relative to tariff changes in other

  12. Statistics and Health Care Reform in the United States Jasjeet Singh Sekhon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    Statistics and Health Care Reform in the United States Jasjeet Singh Sekhon 6/14/2010 The signature is one of the most significant pieces of social policy legislation in the history of the United States care system in the United States, and hence it is difficult to evaluate PPACA. The issues of inference

  13. Effect of Reformate Components on PEMFC Performance Dilution and Reverse Water Gas Shift Reaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Zee, John W.

    Effect of Reformate Components on PEMFC Performance Dilution and Reverse Water Gas Shift Reaction on the performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cells PEMFCs with Pt and Pt/Ru alloy anodes. The performance with N2 /H2 mixtures. The same deviations were observed with CO2 /H2 mixtures for a PEMFC with a Pt

  14. Study of Methane Reforming in Warm Non-Equilibrium Plasma Discharges 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parimi, Sreekar

    2012-02-14

    ........................................................ 24 2.3.2 Plasma Reforming ........................................................................ 26 2.3.3 Effects of Kinetics and Dilution ................................................... 30 2.3.3.1 Hydrogen addition... .................................................................................. 75 6.1 Measurement methods for involving variables .............................................. 75 6.2 Tests with varying proportions of methane and hydrogen ............................ 79 6.2.1 Effect of Hydrogen Dilution...

  15. Working Group Meeting Presentation Guidance at a Glance Distributed Reforming of Biomass Pyrolysis Oils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Performance Carbon Deposit Removal and Catalyst Regeneration Management Process Energy Integration Integrated and 7 2007 R. J. Evans, NREL D. M. Steward, NREL #12;Innovation / Overview Biomass pyrolysis produces.31 O2 + 0.26 H2O 0.71 CO2 + 0.96 H2 #12;Key Performance Metrics Catalytic Steam Reforming of Bio

  16. The Effect of Reformate on PEM Fuel Cell Performance Mahesh Murthy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Zee, John W.

    The Effect of Reformate on PEM Fuel Cell Performance Mahesh Murthy Fuel Cell Technologies, W Orleans, LA, March 10-14 Copyright M. Murthy, Fuel Cell Technologies, W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc. & W Performance Mahesh Murthy Fuel Cell Technologies, W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc. 201 Airport Road, Elkton, MD

  17. Operation of a solid oxide fuel cell on biodiesel with a partial oxidation reformer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siefert, N, Shekhawat, D.; Gemmen, R.; Berry, D.

    2010-01-01

    The National Energy Technology Laboratory’s Office of Research & Development (NETL/ORD) has successfully demonstrated the operation of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) using reformed biodiesel. The biodiesel for the project was produced and characterized by West Virginia State University (WVSU). This project had two main aspects: 1) demonstrate a catalyst formulation on monolith for biodiesel fuel reforming; and 2) establish SOFC stack test stand capabilities. Both aspects have been completed successfully. For the first aspect, in–house patented catalyst specifications were developed, fabricated and tested. Parametric reforming studies of biofuels provided data on fuel composition, catalyst degradation, syngas composition, and operating parameters required for successful reforming and integration with the SOFC test stand. For the second aspect, a stack test fixture (STF) for standardized testing, developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) for the Solid Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) Program, was engineered and constructed at NETL. To facilitate the demonstration of the STF, NETL employed H.C. Starck Ceramics GmbH & Co. (Germany) anode supported solid oxide cells. In addition, anode supported cells, SS441 end plates, and cell frames were transferred from PNNL to NETL. The stack assembly and conditioning procedures, including stack welding and sealing, contact paste application, binder burn-out, seal-setting, hot standby, and other stack assembly and conditioning methods were transferred to NETL. In the future, fuel cell stacks provided by SECA or other developers could be tested at the STF to validate SOFC performance on various fuels. The STF operated on hydrogen for over 1000 hrs before switching over to reformed biodiesel for 100 hrs of operation. Combining these first two aspects led to demonstrating the biodiesel syngas in the STF. A reformer was built and used to convert 0.5 ml/min of biodiesel into mostly hydrogen and carbon monoxide (syngas.) The syngas was fed to the STF and fuel cell stack. The results presented in this experimental report document one of the first times a SOFC has been operated on syngas from reformed biodiesel.

  18. Technical and economic assessment of producing hydrogen by reforming syngas from the Battelle indirectly heated biomass gasifier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mann, M.K. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States). Industrial Technologies Div.

    1995-08-01

    The technical and economic feasibility of producing hydrogen from biomass by means of indirectly heated gasification and steam reforming was studied. A detailed process model was developed in ASPEN Plus{trademark} to perform material and energy balances. The results of this simulation were used to size and cost major pieces of equipment from which the determination of the necessary selling price of hydrogen was made. A sensitivity analysis was conducted on the process to study hydrogen price as a function of biomass feedstock cost and hydrogen production efficiency. The gasification system used for this study was the Battelle Columbus Laboratory (BCL) indirectly heated gasifier. The heat necessary for the endothermic gasification reactions is supplied by circulating sand from a char combustor to the gasification vessel. Hydrogen production was accomplished by steam reforming the product synthesis gas (syngas) in a process based on that used for natural gas reforming. Three process configurations were studied. Scheme 1 is the full reforming process, with a primary reformer similar to a process furnace, followed by a high temperature shift reactor and a low temperature shift reactor. Scheme 2 uses only the primary reformer, and Scheme 3 uses the primary reformer and the high temperature shift reactor. A pressure swing adsorption (PSA) system is used in all three schemes to produce a hydrogen product pure enough to be used in fuel cells. Steam is produced through detailed heat integration and is intended to be sold as a by-product.

  19. Method and system for assigning a confidence metric for automated determination of optic disc location

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Karnowski, Thomas P. (Knoxville, TN); Tobin, Jr., Kenneth W. (Harriman, TN); Muthusamy Govindasamy, Vijaya Priya (Knoxville, TN); Chaum, Edward (Memphis, TN)

    2012-07-10

    A method for assigning a confidence metric for automated determination of optic disc location that includes analyzing a retinal image and determining at least two sets of coordinates locating an optic disc in the retinal image. The sets of coordinates can be determined using first and second image analysis techniques that are different from one another. An accuracy parameter can be calculated and compared to a primary risk cut-off value. A high confidence level can be assigned to the retinal image if the accuracy parameter is less than the primary risk cut-off value and a low confidence level can be assigned to the retinal image if the accuracy parameter is greater than the primary risk cut-off value. The primary risk cut-off value being selected to represent an acceptable risk of misdiagnosis of a disease having retinal manifestations by the automated technique.

  20. On Optimal Linear Redistribution of VCG Payments in Assignment of Heterogeneous Objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gujar, Sujit

    2008-01-01

    There are p heterogeneous objects to be assigned to n competing agents (n > p) each with unit demand. It is required to design a Groves mechanism for this assignment problem satisfying weak budget balance, individual rationality, and minimizing the budget imbalance. This calls for designing an appropriate rebate function. Our main result is an impossibility theorem which rules out linear rebate functions with non-zero efficiency in heterogeneous object assignment. Motivated by this theorem, we explore two approaches to get around this impossibility. In the first approach, we show that linear rebate functions with non-zero are possible when the valuations for the objects are correlated. In the second approach, we show that rebate functions with non-zero efficiency are possible if linearity is relaxed.

  1. BENCH-SCALE STEAM REFORMING OF ACTUAL TANK 48H WASTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burket, P; Gene Daniel, G; Charles Nash, C; Carol Jantzen, C; Michael Williams, M

    2008-09-25

    Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) has been demonstrated to be a viable technology to remove >99% of the organics from Tank 48H simulant, to remove >99% of the nitrate/nitrite from Tank 48H simulant, and to form a solid product that is primarily carbonate based. The technology was demonstrated in October of 2006 in the Engineering Scale Test Demonstration Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer1 (ESTD FBSR) at the Hazen Research Inc. (HRI) facility in Golden, CO. The purpose of the Bench-scale Steam Reformer (BSR) testing was to demonstrate that the same reactions occur and the same product is formed when steam reforming actual radioactive Tank 48H waste. The approach used in the current study was to test the BSR with the same Tank 48H simulant and same Erwin coal as was used at the ESTD FBSR under the same operating conditions. This comparison would allow verification that the same chemical reactions occur in both the BSR and ESTD FBSR. Then, actual radioactive Tank 48H material would be steam reformed in the BSR to verify that the actual tank 48H sample reacts the same way chemically as the simulant Tank 48H material. The conclusions from the BSR study and comparison to the ESTD FBSR are the following: (1) A Bench-scale Steam Reforming (BSR) unit was successfully designed and built that: (a) Emulated the chemistry of the ESTD FBSR Denitration Mineralization Reformer (DMR) and Carbon Reduction Reformer (CRR) known collectively as the dual reformer flowsheet. (b) Measured and controlled the off-gas stream. (c) Processed real (radioactive) Tank 48H waste. (d) Met the standards and specifications for radiological testing in the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) Shielded Cells Facility (SCF). (2) Three runs with radioactive Tank 48H material were performed. (3) The Tetraphenylborate (TPB) was destroyed to > 99% for all radioactive Bench-scale tests. (4) The feed nitrate/nitrite was destroyed to >99% for all radioactive BSR tests the same as the ESTD FBSR. (5) The radioactive Tank 48H DMR product was primarily made up of soluble carbonates. The three most abundant species were thermonatrite, [Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} {center_dot} H{sub 2}O], sodium carbonate, [Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}], and trona, [Na{sub 3}H(CO{sub 3}){sub 2} {center_dot} 2H{sub 2}O] the same as the ESTD FBSR. (6) Insoluble solids analyzed by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) did not detect insoluble carbonate species. However, they still may be present at levels below 2 wt%, the sensitivity of the XRD methodology. Insoluble solids XRD characterization indicated that various Fe/Ni/Cr/Mn phases are present. These crystalline phases are associated with the insoluble sludge components of Tank 48H slurry and impurities in the Erwin coal ash. The percent insoluble solids, which mainly consist of un-burnt coal and coal ash, in the products were 4 to 11 wt% for the radioactive runs. (7) The Fe{sup +2}/Fe{sub total} REDOX measurements ranged from 0.58 to 1 for the three radioactive Bench-scale tests. REDOX measurements > 0.5 showed a reducing atmosphere was maintained in the DMR indicating that pyrolysis was occurring. (8) Greater than 90% of the radioactivity was captured in the product for all three runs. (9) The collective results from the FBSR simulant tests and the BSR simulant tests indicate that the same chemistry occurs in the two reactors. (10) The collective results from the BSR simulant runs and the BSR radioactive waste runs indicates that the same chemistry occurs in the simulant as in the real waste. The FBSR technology has been proven to destroy the organics and nitrates in the Tank 48H waste and form the anticipated solid carbonate phases as expected.

  2. Yes, Parking Reform Is Possible: A progress report from the author of 'The High Cost of Free Parking'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoup, Donald

    2011-01-01

    The High Cost of Free Parking, was updated and published ll\\Center UCTC-FR-20| I-2| Yes, Parking Reform Is Possible: Aof The High Cost of Free Parking Donald Shoup University of

  3. Investigation of Reaction Networks and Active Sites In Bio-Ethanol Steam Reforming Over Co-Based Catalysts

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Paper by Umit S. Ozkan, Hua Song, and Lingzhi Zhang (Ohio State University) on the fundamental understanding of reaction networks, active sites of deactivation mechanisms of potential bio-ethanol steam reforming catalysts.

  4. Rethinking the clinical vs. social reform debate: a dialectical approach to defining social work in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, John Brandon

    2012-08-31

    There is a historical tension in social work between the clinical and social reform perspectives. The original goal for this dissertation was to offer pragmatism as a philosophical orientation that would make sense of these two seemingly disparate...

  5. Effects of the Third Reform Act and the Irish Home Rule Debate on Edinburgh politics, 1885-6 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael Kyle

    2012-11-30

    This thesis is a study of the effects of the Third Reform Act and Irish Home Rule on the politics of late-Victorian Edinburgh focussing on the general elections of 1885 and 1886. Although the impact on British politics ...

  6. Fast tracking land reform and rural livelihoods in mashonaland west province of Zimbabwe : opportunities and constraints, 2000-2013 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mkodzongi, Grasian

    2013-11-27

    The implementation of Zimbabwe’s Fast Track Land Reform Program (FTLRP) in 2000 generated polarised debates across academia and in the media. Some commentators dismissed the FTLRP as a politically motivated ‘land grab’, ...

  7. Where Do I Belong?: Evolving Reform and Identity Amongst the Zeme Heraka of North Cachar Hills, Assam, India. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Longkumer, Arkotong

    2008-01-01

    The focus of this thesis is the Heraka movement and its impact on the Zeme, a ‘Naga tribe’, in the North Cachar Hills of Assam, India. The Heraka is a religious reform movement derived from the traditional practice known ...

  8. Transient Clouds: Assignment and Collaborative Execution of Tasks on Mobile Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guirguis, Mina S. - Department of Computer Science, Texas State University

    with the increase in computation demands by new applications. As devices get more powerful, their battery life will shrink; battery technology is not growing as quickly as computation consumption rates [6]. ThroughTransient Clouds: Assignment and Collaborative Execution of Tasks on Mobile Devices Terry Penner

  9. System Architecture Assignment At this point, you should be well along the controlled convergence process, possibly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobek II, Durward K.

    ENGR 310 System Architecture Assignment At this point, you should be well along the controlled process, you should think through system architecture possibilities as one of your inputs. Once converged, including evaluation matrices and rationale. 2. System Architecture Plan ­ A plan for the system

  10. MULTI-TARGET ASSIGNMENT AND PATH PLANNING FOR GROUPS OF UAVS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minai, Ali A.

    Chapter 1 MULTI-TARGET ASSIGNMENT AND PATH PLANNING FOR GROUPS OF UAVS Theju Maddula Ali A. Minai of Cincinnati Cincinnati, OH 45221 Abstract Uninhabited autonomous vehicles (UAVs) have many useful military in the possibility of using large teams (swarms) of UAVs functioning cooperatively to accomplish a large number

  11. DynAHeal: Dynamic Energy Efficient Task Assignment for Wireless Healthcare Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simunic, Tajana

    's available battery capacity, varying wireless channel conditions, and network load. Our dynamic task assignment algorithm, "DynAHeal" adapts to such changing conditions, and improves the battery life. Our in wireless healthcare systems which consist of battery operated devices such as sensors and local aggregators

  12. Engi 9614: Renewable Energy and Resource Conservation, Assignment #1, Oct. 4th 2013, "Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coles, Cynthia

    Engi 9614: Renewable Energy and Resource Conservation, Assignment #1, Oct. 4th 2013, "Overview of energy storage systems for storing electricity from renewable energy sources in Saudi Arabia" 1. 150 109 better storage systems to make better use of renewable energy options and we need to use renewable energy

  13. ME 4171 Environmentally Conscious Design & Manufacturing (Bras) Assignment Aircraft Fuel Tank Production Pollution Prevention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is ready to be shipped. a) Draw a process diagram for the fuel tank production. (10 points) b) CreateME 4171 ­ Environmentally Conscious Design & Manufacturing (Bras) Assignment ­ Aircraft Fuel Tank Production Pollution Prevention A local company manufactures a wide variety of fabric fuel tanks for use

  14. Service Level Agreement-Based Joint Application Environment Assignment and Resource Allocation in Cloud Computing Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    in Cloud Computing Systems Yanzhi Wang, Shuang Chen and Massoud Pedram Department of Electrical Engineering and storage. Resource allocation is one of the most important challenges in the cloud computing system algorithms by up to 65.7%. Keywords-cloud computing; application environment; resource allocation; assignment

  15. THE ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING STATION LOCATION PROBLEM: A PARKING-BASED ASSIGNMENT METHOD FOR SEATTLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    ABSTRACT Access to electric vehicle (EV) charging stations will impact EV adoption rates, use decisions programming problem, developed here for optimal EV-charging-station location assignments. The algorithm As electric vehicles (EVs) enter the market, there is rising demand for public charging stations

  16. Spatiotemporal Assignment of Energy Harvesters on a Self-Sustaining Medical Shoe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potkonjak, Miodrag

    Spatiotemporal Assignment of Energy Harvesters on a Self-Sustaining Medical Shoe James B. Wendt propose to switch the power system to a sustainable energy source. The focus of this investigation for spatiotemporal as- signment and scheduling of energy harvesters on a medical shoe tasked with measuring gait

  17. Assignment of Homology to Genome Sequences using a Library of Hidden Markov Models that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gough, Julian

    %, are used as seeds to build the models. Using the current data, this gives a library with 4894 modelsAssignment of Homology to Genome Sequences using a Library of Hidden Markov Models that Represent Of the sequence comparison methods, pro®le-based methods perform with greater selectively than those that use

  18. Joint Optimal Channel Base Station and Power Assignment for Wireless Access \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tassiulas, Leandros

    Joint Optimal Channel Base Station and Power Assignment for Wireless Access \\Lambda Symeon powers, forward (downstream) and reverse (upstream) channels, and base stations such that every mobile the transmission powers both of the base stations and the users will be controllable. This great flexibility

  19. EE x96 Writing Assignment Global, Societal, and Contemporary Issues Galen Sasaki August 26, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sasaki, Galen H.

    of the socalled globalization of the economy. But also engineering solutions can significantly affect people, 2010 Purpose: This assignment is to explore the following issues. The engineering profession is interesting from a technological point of view but engineers must be aware that engineering solutions can

  20. Joint Mode Selection, Channel Allocation and Power Assignment for Green Device-to-Device

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Jian "Neil"

    Joint Mode Selection, Channel Allocation and Power Assignment for Green Device--Device-to-Device (D2D) communication has emerged as a promising technique for improving capacity and reducing power green D2D communi- cations in OFDMA-based wireless networks. We formally define an optimization problem

  1. CS 380C Compilers --Spring 2015 Programming Assignment #2 Local Optimizations Due February 13, 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Calvin

    that this library supported arbitrary precision arithmetic, which is useful for things such as public key will be posted on the class discussion board on Piazza. 1 Inspect the Functions A compiler pass is the standard the meaning of the program, but for this assignment, you will implement a simple FunctionInfo pass to learn

  2. Maximizing Network Lifetime Via 3G Gateway Assignment in Dual-Radio Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Weifa

    - ments, such as temperature, humidity, wind, solar radiation, etc. [3]. Sensor nodes are typically as well as in the idling cost [5]. If all sensors are gateways, they will run out of energy within a shortMaximizing Network Lifetime Via 3G Gateway Assignment in Dual-Radio Sensor Networks Xu Xu, Weifa

  3. Joint Optimal Channel Assignment and Congestion Control for Multi-channel Wireless Mesh Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

    wireless routers are equipped with multiple network interface cards (NICs). Each NIC is assigned routers interconnected by wireless links. These wireless routers serve as access points (APs) for wire. Wireless mobile devices first transfer data to the associated wireless router, and these data

  4. Partially Overlapped Channel Assignment for Multi-Channel Wireless Mesh Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Vincent

    -WMN) consists of a number of stationary wireless routers, forming a multi-hop wireless backbone. Each router channel in the IEEE 802.11a/b/g bands. The wireless mesh routers serve as access points for wirelessPartially Overlapped Channel Assignment for Multi-Channel Wireless Mesh Networks A. Hamed Mohsenian

  5. H-NMR Stereospecific Assignments by Conformational Data-base Searches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clore, G. Marius

    H-NMR Stereospecific Assignments by Conformational Data-base Searches 1 MICHAEL NILGES,$ G. MARIUS different data bases are used. The first is a crystallographic data base derived from 34 well-refined crystal structures; the second is a systematic data base derived from conformations of a short peptide

  6. Market-based computational task assignment within autonomous wireless sensor networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynch, Jerome P.

    Market-based computational task assignment within autonomous wireless sensor networks Andrew T. In this study, a Pareto-optimal market-based method is developed in order to autonomously distribute various algorithms (Fast Fourier Transform, etc.). These embedded data processing methods are relatively power

  7. CHM-6315 (Hiver 2011) TRAVAIL PR-EXAMEN FINAL / PRE-FINAL EXAM ASSIGNMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charette, André

    1/1 CHM-6315 (Hiver 2011) TRAVAIL PRÉ-EXAMEN FINAL / PRE-FINAL EXAM ASSIGNMENT Date de remise in with your final exam. VERSION FRANÇAISE Le but de ce devoir est de préparer un « aide-mémoire » qui résume bien vous préparer à l'examen final. Si vous respectez les consignes, vous êtes garanti d'accumuler 10

  8. The number of genotypic assignments on a genealogy II. Further results for linear systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The number of genotypic assignments on a genealogy II. Further results for linear systems N. J known phenotypes could be calculated for an arbitrary genealogy. Here, we present further results for several regular genealogies constructed according to some specified recursive formulae and for which

  9. Communicating and Learning in Engineering Online Resources 1 Using References in Your Assignments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

    Communicating and Learning in Engineering Online Resources 1 Using References in Your Assignments: Example 1 The textbook is The Geography of Australia by L. O'Connor published by Penguin in Melbourne number: 808.0666R587W Communicating and Learning in Engineering Online Resources 2 #12;3. Devising a List

  10. The Effect Of ZnO Addition On Co/C Catalyst For Vapor And Aqueous Phase Reforming Of Ethanol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, Stephen; Sun, Junming; Hong, Yongchun; Karim, Ayman M.; Datye, Abhaya K.; Wang, Yong

    2014-02-05

    The effect of ZnO addition on the oxidation behavior of Co along with catalytic performance in vapor and aqueous phase reforming of ethanol were investigated on Co supported on carbon black (XC-72R). Carbon was selected to minimize the support interactions. Effect of ZnO addition during both vapor and aqueous phase reforming were compared at 250 °C. ZnO addition inhibited the reduction of cobalt oxides by H2 and created surface sites for H2O activation. During vapor phase reforming at 450 °C the redox of cobalt, driven by steam oxidation and H2 reduction, trended to an equilibrium of Co0/Co2+. ZnO showed no significant effect on cobalt oxidation, inferred from the minor changes of C1 product yield. Surface sites created by ZnO addition enhanced water activation and oxidation of surface carbon species, increasing CO2 selectivity. At 250 °C cobalt reduction was minimal, in situ XANES demonstrated that ZnO addition significantly facilitated oxidation of Co0 under vapor phase reforming conditions, demonstrated by lower C1 product yield. Sites introduced by ZnO addition improved the COx selectivity at 250 °C. Both Co/C and Co-ZnO/C rapidly oxidized under aqueous phase reaction conditions at 250 °C, showing negligible activity in aqueous phase reforming. This work suggests that ZnO affects the activation of H2O for Co catalysts in ethanol reforming.

  11. Reforming a large lecture modern physics course for engineering majors using a PER-based design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKagan, S B; Wieman, C E

    2006-01-01

    We have reformed a large lecture modern physics course for engineering majors by radically changing both the content and the learning techniques implemented in lecture and homework. Traditionally this course has been taught in a manner similar to the equivalent course for physics majors, focusing on mathematical solutions of abstract problems. Based on interviews with physics and engineering professors, we developed a syllabus and learning goals focused on content that was more useful to our actual student population: engineering majors. The content of this course emphasized reasoning development, model building, and connections to real world applications. In addition we implemented a variety of PER-based learning techniques, including peer instruction, collaborative homework sessions, and interactive simulations. We have assessed the effectiveness of reforms in this course using pre/post surveys on both content and beliefs. We have found significant improvements in both content knowledge and beliefs compared...

  12. Making contracting work better and cost less: Report of the Contract Reform Team

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-01

    In June 1993, Secretary of Energy Hazel O`Leary formed a Contract Reform Team, chaired by Deputy Secretary Bill White, to evaluate the contracting practices of the Department of Energy and to formulate specific proposals for improving those practices. This report summarizes the results of the work of the Contract Reform Team. It recommends actions for implementation that will significantly improve the Department`s contracting practices and will enable the Department to help create a government that -- in the words of Vice President Gore -- {open_quotes}works better and costs less.{close_quotes} These actions and the deadlines for their implementation are listed. Among other things, they recommend replacing the Department`s standard Management and Operating Contract with a new Performance-Based Management Contract and strengthening the Department`s systems for selecting and managing contractors.

  13. Assignment 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1990 5280 (a) Fit a power model to the data. 2000 6080 (b) ..... coordinate system and its initial side on the positive x-axis as in Figure 3. A positive angle.

  14. ASSIGNMENT 5 :

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and other fish eating fish than was true before or after the war. Let x=x(t) denote the population of prey and y=y(t) the population of predators. From section.

  15. MATLAB Assignments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and other fish eating fish than was true before or after the war. Let x=x(t) denote the population of prey and y=y(t) the population of predators. From section.

  16. Assignment 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Notice also that as the base a gets larger, the exponential func- tion grows .... The pattern of the data points in Figure 8 suggests exponential growth, so we use a.

  17. Assignment 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    entists collect experimental data and use them to sketch the graphs of functions, ... 2': L _ be the width and length of the base, respectively, and h be the height.

  18. The Clinton campaign for health-care reform: epistemology in a populist rhetoric 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leugs, Michael Edward Carpenter

    1995-01-01

    favored a wait-and-see approach that undermined the president's ambitious ? and activist ? agenda. Through his health-care-reform campaign, Clinton gave up his power to define political ideals and gradually rendered himself irrelevant to the discussion... on the national agenda. Like much contemporary campaign oratory, Clinton's was cast mostly in the epideictic or ceremonial mode, a type of rhetoric concerned with values; his speeches usually dealt with virtues like hard work and democracy. Within this context...

  19. Synthesis and characterization of catalysts containing nickel for reforming methane with carbon dioxide 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sommer, Michael Edward

    1988-01-01

    may have reacted with oxygen. This was confirmed by a thermal analysis which revealed an endothermic peak corresponding to a 15% weight loss on ignition at 600'C. Nitrogen was passed through the reactor during the warm up period. Manual adjustment... to form and to be distributed on the atomic scale, thus yielding active catalysts. CHAPTER II LITERATURE REVIEW Traditional reforming of hydrocarbons has been performed using steam. New processes are in need of a syngas with lower hydrogen content...

  20. Domesticating the Reformation: Material Culture, Memory and Confessional Identity in Early Modern England

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsham, Alexandra

    2015-01-01

    Museum. This is an example of tin-glazed earthenware (conventionally known as delftware) made in the Netherlands in the late seventeenth century. This extraordinary large plate or charger shows the figures of four religious reformers (John Wyclif... as they ceased to comply with current taste and became obsolete.21 As elsewhere, in England tin-glazed earthenware took a variety of forms: from large chargers to smaller plates, dishes, and bowls on which food might be served; posset pots, mugs, tankards...