National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for reflective electrochromic ec

  1. Electrochromic window with high reflectivity modulation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goldner, Ronald B. (Lexington, MA); Gerouki, Alexandra (Medford, MA); Liu, Te-Yang (Arlington, MA); Goldner, Mark A. (Cambridge, MA); Haas, Terry E. (Southborough, MA)

    2000-01-01

    A multi-layered, active, thin film, solid-state electrochromic device having a high reflectivity in the near infrared in a colored state, a high reflectivity and transmissivity modulation when switching between colored and bleached states, a low absorptivity in the near infrared, and fast switching times, and methods for its manufacture and switching are provided. In one embodiment, a multi-layered device comprising a first indium tin oxide transparent electronic conductor, a transparent ion blocking layer, a tungsten oxide electrochromic anode, a lithium ion conducting-electrically resistive electrolyte, a complimentary lithium mixed metal oxide electrochromic cathode, a transparent ohmic contact layer, a second indium oxide transparent electronic conductor, and a silicon nitride encapsulant is provided. Through elimination of optional intermediate layers, simplified device designs are provided as alternative embodiments. Typical colored-state reflectivity of the multi-layered device is greater than 50% in the near infrared, bleached-state reflectivity is less than 40% in the visible, bleached-state transmissivity is greater than 60% in the near infrared and greater than 40% in the visible, and spectral absorbance is less than 50% in the range from 0.65-2.5 .mu.m.

  2. Autonomous electrochromic assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berland, Brian Spencer; Lanning, Bruce Roy; Stowell, Jr., Michael Wayne

    2015-03-10

    This disclosure describes system and methods for creating an autonomous electrochromic assembly, and systems and methods for use of the autonomous electrochromic assembly in combination with a window. Embodiments described herein include an electrochromic assembly that has an electrochromic device, an energy storage device, an energy collection device, and an electrochromic controller device. These devices may be combined into a unitary electrochromic insert assembly. The electrochromic assembly may have the capability of generating power sufficient to operate and control an electrochromic device. This control may occur through the application of a voltage to an electrochromic device to change its opacity state. The electrochromic assembly may be used in combination with a window.

  3. Electrochromic devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Allemand, Pierre M. (Tucson, AZ); Grimes, Randall F. (Ann Arbor, MI); Ingle, Andrew R. (Tucson, AZ); Cronin, John P. (Tucson, AZ); Kennedy, Steve R. (Tuscon, AZ); Agrawal, Anoop (Tucson, AZ); Boulton, Jonathan M. (Tucson, AZ)

    2001-01-01

    An electrochromic device is disclosed having a selective ion transport layer which separates an electrochemically active material from an electrolyte containing a redox active material. The devices are particularly useful as large area architectural and automotive glazings due to there reduced back reaction.

  4. Electrochromic counter electrode

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lee, Se-Hee; Tracy, C. Edwin; Pitts, J. Roland; Jorgensen, Gary J.

    2005-02-22

    The present invention discloses an amorphous material comprising nickel oxide doped with tantalum that is an anodically coloring electrochromic material. The material of the present invention is prepared in the form of an electrode (200) having a thin film (202) of an electrochromic material of the present invention residing on a transparent conductive film (203). The material of the present invention is also incorporated into an electrochromic device (100) as a thin film (102) in conjunction with a cathodically coloring prior art electrochromic material layer (104) such that the devices contain both anodically coloring (102) and cathodically coloring (104) layers. The materials of the electrochromic layers in these devices exhibit broadband optical complimentary behavior, ionic species complimentary behavior, and coloration efficiency complimentary behavior in their operation.

  5. A Design Guide for Early-Market Electrochromic Windows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Eleanor S.; Selkowitz, Stephen E.; Clear, Robert D.; DiBartolomeo, Dennis L.; Klems, Joseph H.; Fernandes, Luis L.; Ward, GregJ.; Inkarojrit, Vorapat; Yazdanian, Mehry

    2006-05-01

    Switchable variable-tint electrochromic (EC) windows preserve view out while modulating transmitted light, glare, and solar heat gains. Consumers will require objective information on the risks and benefits of this emerging technology as it enters the market in 2006. This guide provides such information and data derived from a wide variety of simulations, laboratory tests, and a 2.5-year field test of prototype large-area EC windows evaluated under outdoor sun and sky conditions. This design guide is provided to architects, engineers, building owners, and others interested in electrochromic windows. The design guide provides basic information about what is an electrochromic window, what it looks like, how fast does it switch, and what current product offerings are. The guide also provides information on performance benefits if more mature product offerings were available.

  6. Electrochromic optical switching device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lampert, Carl M. (El Sobrante, CA); Visco, Steven J. (Berkeley, CA)

    1992-01-01

    An electrochromic cell is disclosed which comprises an electrochromic layer, a polymerizable organo-sulfur layer which comprises the counter electrode of the structure, and an ionically conductive electronically insulating material which comprises the separator between the electrodes. In a preferred embodiment, both the separator and the organo-sulfur electrode (in both its charged and uncharged states) are transparent either to visible light or to the entire solar spectrum. An electrochromic device is disclosed which comprises such electrodes and separator encased in glass plates on the inner surface of each of which is formed a transparent electrically conductive film in respective electrical contact with the electrodes which facilitates formation of an external electrical connection or contact to the electrodes of the device to permit electrical connection of the device to an external potential source.

  7. Electrochromic optical switching device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lampert, C.M.; Visco, S.J.

    1992-08-25

    An electrochromic cell is disclosed which comprises an electrochromic layer, a polymerizable organo-sulfur layer which comprises the counter electrode of the structure, and an ionically conductive electronically insulating material which comprises the separator between the electrodes. In a preferred embodiment, both the separator and the organo-sulfur electrode (in both its charged and uncharged states) are transparent either to visible light or to the entire solar spectrum. An electrochromic device is disclosed which comprises such electrodes and separator encased in glass plates on the inner surface of each of which is formed a transparent electrically conductive film in respective electrical contact with the electrodes which facilitates formation of an external electrical connection or contact to the electrodes of the device to permit electrical connection of the device to an external potential source. 3 figs.

  8. Sol-Gel Deposited Electrochromic Coatings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ozer, N.

    2010-01-01

    Deposited Electrochromic Coatings Nilgun Ozer and Carl M.the Optical Interference Coatings Topical Meeting, Tucson,Deposited Electrochromic Coatings Nilgun Ozer and Carl M.

  9. Electrochromic Windows: Advanced Processing Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SAGE Electrochromics, Inc

    2006-12-13

    This project addresses the development of advanced fabrication capabilities for energy saving electrochromic (EC) windows. SAGE EC windows consist of an inorganic stack of thin films deposited onto a glass substrate. The window tint can be reversibly changed by the application of a low power dc voltage. This property can be used to modulate the amount of light and heat entering buildings (or vehicles) through the glazings. By judicious management of this so-called solar heat gain, it is possible to derive significant energy savings due to reductions in heating lighting, and air conditioning (HVAC). Several areas of SAGE’s production were targeted during this project to allow significant improvements to processing throughput, yield and overall quality of the processing, in an effort to reduce the cost and thereby improve the market penetration. First, the overall thin film process was optimized to allow a more robust set of operating points to be used, thereby maximizing the yield due to the thin film deposition themselves. Other significant efforts aimed at improving yield were relating to implementing new procedures and processes for the manufacturing process, to improve the quality of the substrate preparation, and the quality of the IGU fabrication. Furthermore, methods for reworking defective devices were developed, to enable devices which would otherwise be scrapped to be made into useful product. This involved the in-house development of some customized equipment. Finally, the improvements made during this project were validated to ensure that they did not impact the exceptional durability of the SageGlass® products. Given conservative estimates for cost and market penetration, energy savings due to EC windows in residences in the US are calculated to be of the order 0.026 quad (0.026×1015BTU/yr) by the year 2017.

  10. Electrochromic Salts, Solutions, and Devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burrell, Anthony K. (Los Alamos, NM); Warner, Benjamin P. (Los Alamos, NM); McClesky, T. Mark (Los Alamos, NM)

    2008-10-14

    Electrochromic salts. Electrochromic salts of dicationic viologens such as methyl viologen and benzyl viologen associated with anions selected from bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, bis(perfluoroethylsulfonyl)imide, and tris(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)methide are produced by metathesis with the corresponding viologen dihalide. They are highly soluble in molten quarternary ammonium salts and together with a suitable reductant provide electrolyte solutions that are used in electrochromic windows.

  11. Electrochromic salts, solutions, and devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burrell, Anthony K. (Los Alamos, NM); Warner, Benjamin P. (Los Alamos, NM); McClesky,7,064,212 T. Mark (Los Alamos, NM)

    2006-06-20

    Electrochromic salts. Electrochromic salts of dicationic viologens such as methyl viologen and benzyl viologen associated with anions selected from bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, bis(perfluoroethylsulfonyl)imide, and tris(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)methide are produced by metathesis with the corresponding viologen dihalide. They are highly soluble in molten quarternary ammonium salts and together with a suitable reductant provide electrolyte solutions that are used in electrochromic windows.

  12. Electrochromic Salts, Solutions, and Devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burrell, Anthony K. (Los Alamos, NM); Warner, Benjamin P. (Los Alamos, NM); McClesky, T. Mark (Los Alamos, NM)

    2008-11-11

    Electrochromic salts. Electrochromic salts of dicationic viologens such as methyl viologen and benzyl viologen associated with anions selected from bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, bis(perfluoroethylsulfonyl)imide, and tris(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)methide are produced by metathesis with the corresponding viologen dihalide. They are highly soluble in molten quarternary ammonium salts and together with a suitable reductant provide electrolyte solutions that are used in electrochromic windows.

  13. Integrated device architectures for electrochromic devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Frey, Jonathan Mack; Berland, Brian Spencer

    2015-04-21

    This disclosure describes systems and methods for creating monolithically integrated electrochromic devices which may be a flexible electrochromic device. Monolithic integration of thin film electrochromic devices may involve the electrical interconnection of multiple individual electrochromic devices through the creation of specific structures such as conductive pathway or insulating isolation trenches.

  14. Solid state electrochromic light modulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cogan, S.F.; Rauh, R.D.

    1990-07-03

    An all solid-state variable transmission electrochromic device has a source of charge compensating ions. An inorganic oxide counter electrode film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions increases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength is separated from a primary electrochromic film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions decreases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength by an insulating electrolyte film that transports the charge compensating ions. First and second electrodes are contiguous with the inorganic oxide counter electrode film and the primary electrochromic film, respectively, and separated by the three films. 4 figs.

  15. Subject Responses to Electrochromic Windows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clear, Robert; Inkarojrit, Vorapat; Lee, Eleanor

    2006-01-01

    1, 2006. LBNL-57125 Subject responses to electrochromicUSA Abstract Forty-three subjects worked in a private office3-60%. Analysis of subject responses and physical data

  16. Electrochromic projection and writing device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Branz, Howard M. (Boulder, CO); Benson, David K. (Golden, CO)

    2002-01-01

    A display and projection apparatus includes an electrochromic material and a photoconductive material deposited in tandem used in conjunction with a light filtering means for filtering light transmitted through the electrochromic material. When an electric field is applied across the electrochromic material and the photoconductive material, light that is incident onto the photoconductive material through the surface of the projection apparatus causes the photoconductive material to conduct current locally in proportion to the amount of light incident on the photoconductive material. The flow of current causes the underlying portions of the electrochromic material to switch from an opaque state to a clear or transmissive state, thereby allowing back-light to propagate through the electrochromic material to create a visible image on the surface of the projection apparatus. Reversal of the electric field causes the electrochromic material to revert back to its opaque state, thereby blocking the transmission of back-light and effectively erasing the image from the surface of the projection apparatus.

  17. Lighting energy savings potential of split-pane electrochromic windows controlled for daylighting with visual comfort

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Software, Anyhere; Fernandes, Luis; Lee, Eleanor; Ward, Greg

    2013-03-15

    A simulation study was conducted to evaluate lighting energy savings of split-pane electrochromic (EC) windows controlled to satisfy key visual comfort parameters. Using the Radiance lighting simulation software, interior illuminance and luminance levels were computed for a south-facing private office illuminated by a window split into two independently-controlled EC panes. The transmittance of these was optimized hourly for a workplane illuminance target while meeting visual comfort constraints, using a least-squares algorithm with linear inequality constraints. Blinds were successively deployed until visual comfort criteria were satisfied. The energy performance of electrochromics proved to be highly dependent on how blinds were controlled. With hourly blind position adjustments, electrochromics showed significantly higher (62percent and 53percent, respectively without and with overhang) lighting energy consumption than clear glass. With a control algorithm designed to better approximate realistic manual control by an occupant, electrochromics achieved significant savings (48percent and 37percent, respectively without and with overhang). In all cases, energy consumption decreased when the workplace illuminance target was increased. In addition, the fraction of time during which the occupant had an unobstructed view of the outside was significantly greater with electrochromics: 10 months out of the year versus a handful of days for the reference case.

  18. Nanocrystal-polymer nanocomposite electrochromic device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Milliron, Delia; Runnerstrom, Evan; Helms, Brett; Llordes, Anna; Buonsanti, Raffaella; Garcia, Guillermo

    2015-12-08

    Described is an electrochromic nanocomposite film comprising a solid matrix of an oxide based material, the solid matrix comprising a plurality of transparent conducting oxide (TCO) nanostructures dispersed in the solid matrix and a lithium salt dispersed in the solid matrix. Also described is a near infrared nanostructured electrochromic device having a functional layer comprising the electrochromic nanocomposite film.

  19. Electrochromic device using mercaptans and organothiolate compounds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lampert, C.M.; Ma, Y.P.; Doeff, M.M.; Visco, S.

    1995-08-15

    An electrochromic cell is disclosed which comprises an electrochromic layer and a composite ion counter electrode for transporting ions. The counter electrode further comprises a polymer electrolyte material and an organosulfur material in which, in its discharged state, the organosulfur material is further comprised of a mercaptan or an organothiolate. In one preferred embodiment, both the electrochromic electrode and the counter electrode are transparent either to visible light or to the entire electromagnetic spectrum in both charged and discharged states. An electrochromic device is disclosed which comprises one or more electrochromic electrodes encased in glass or plastic plates on the inner surface of each of which is formed a transparent electrically conductive film. Electrical contacts, which are in electrical contact with the conductive films, facilitate external electrical connection. 5 figs.

  20. Photovoltaic Powering And Control System For Electrochromic Windows

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schulz, Stephen C. (Tewksbury, MA); Michalski, Lech A. (Pennington, NJ); Volltrauer, Hermann N. (Englishtown, NJ); Van Dine, John E. (Faribault, MN)

    2000-04-25

    A sealed insulated glass unit is provided with an electrochromic device for modulating light passing through the unit. The electrochromic device is controlled from outside the unit by a remote control electrically unconnected to the device. Circuitry within the unit may be magnetically controlled from outside. The electrochromic device is powered by a photovoltaic cells. The photovoltaic cells may be positioned so that at least a part of the light incident on the cell passes through the electrochromic device, providing a form of feedback control. A variable resistance placed in parallel with the electrochromic element is used to control the response of the electrochromic element to changes in output of the photovoltaic cell.

  1. Photochromic, electrochromic, photoelectrochromic and photovoltaic devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kostecki, Robert (Lafayette, CA); McLarnon, Frank R. (Orinda, CA)

    2000-01-01

    A light activated photoelectrochromic device is formed of a two-component system formed of a photoactive charge carrier generating material and electrochromic material (plus an elecrolyte). Light interacts with a semiconductive material to generate hole-electron charge carriers which cause a redox reaction in the electrochromic material. One device is formed of hydrated nickel oxide as the electrochromic layer and polycrystalline titanium dioxide as the charge generating material. The materials may be formed as discrete layers or mixed together. Because of the direct charge transfer between the layers, a circuit to apply a voltage to drive the electrochromic reaction is not required, although one can be used to enhance the reaction. The hydrated nickel oxide-titanium dioxide materials can also be used to form a photovoltaic device for generating electricity.

  2. Atmospheric Pressure Deposition for Electrochromic Windows

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Charcaterize Performance FY12-Q4 Milestone: Demonstration Liquid Phase Spray for WO3 at 6" by 6" Current work and future research Work with Sage Electrochromics to Transfer...

  3. Monitored Energy Performance of Electrochromic Windows Controlledfor Daylight and Visual Comfort

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Eleanor S.; DiBartolomeo, Dennis L.; Klems, Joseph; Yazdanian, Mehry; Selkowitz, Stephen E.

    2005-09-23

    A 20-month field study was conducted to measure the energy performance of south-facing large-area tungsten-oxide absorptive electrochromic (EC) windows with a broad switching range in a private office setting. The EC windows were controlled by a variety of means to bring in daylight while minimizing window glare. For some cases, a Venetian blind was coupled with the EC window to block direct sun. Some tests also involved dividing the EC window wall into zones where the upper EC zone was controlled to admit daylight while the lower zone was controlled to prevent glare yet permit view. If visual comfort requirements are addressed by EC control and Venetian blinds, a 2-zone EC window configuration provided average daily lighting energy savings of 10 {+-} 15% compared to the reference case with fully lowered Venetian blinds. Cooling load reductions were 0 {+-} 3%. If the reference case assumes no daylighting controls, lighting energy savings would be 44 {+-} 11%. Peak demand reductions due to window cooling load, given a critical demand-response mode, were 19-26% maximum on clear sunny days. Peak demand reductions in lighting energy use were 0% or 72-100% compared to a reference case with and without daylighting controls, respectively. Lighting energy use was found to be very sensitive to how glare and sun is controlled. Additional research should be conducted to fine-tune EC control for visual comfort based on solar conditions so as to increase lighting energy savings.

  4. Energy and visual comfort performance of electrochromic windowswith overhangs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, E.S.; Tavil, A.

    2005-11-03

    DOE-2 building energy simulations were conducted to determine if there were practical architectural and control strategy solutions that would enable electrochromic (EC) windows to significantly improve visual comfort without eroding energy-efficiency benefits. EC windows were combined with overhangs since opaque overhangs provide protection from direct sun which EC windows are unable to do alone. The window wall was divided into an upper and lower aperture so that various combinations of overhang position and control strategies could be considered. The overhang was positioned either at the top of the upper window aperture or between the upper and lower apertures. Overhang depth was varied. EC control strategies were fully bleached at all times, modulated based on incident vertical solar radiation limits, or modulated to meet the design work plane illuminance with daylight. The EC performance was compared to a state-of-the-art spectrally selective low-e window with the same divided window wall, window size, and overhang as the EC configuration. The reference window was also combined with an interior shade which was manually deployed to control glare and direct sun. Both systems had the same daylighting control system to dim the electric lighting. Results were given for south-facing private offices in a typical commercial building. In hot and cold climates such as Houston and Chicago, EC windows with overhangs can significantly reduce the average annual daylight glare index (DGI) and deliver significant annual energy use savings if the window area is large. Total primary annual energy use was increased by 2-5% for moderate-area windows in either climate but decreased by 10% in Chicago and 5% in Houston for large-area windows. Peak electric demand can be reduced by 7-8% for moderate-area windows and by 14-16% for large-area windows in either climate. Energy and peak demand reductions can be significantly greater if the reference case does not have exterior shading or state-of-the-art glass.

  5. Energy performance analysis of prototype electrochromic windows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, R.; Rubin, M.; Selkowitz, S.

    1996-12-01

    This paper presents the results of a study investigating the energy performance of three newly developed prototype electrochromic devices. The DOE-2.1 E energy simulation program was used to analyze the annual cooling, lighting, and total electric energy use and peak demand as a function of window type and size. The authors simulated a prototypical commercial office building module located in the cooling-dominated locations of Phoenix, AZ and Miami, FL. Heating energy use was also studied in the heating-dominated location of Madison, WI. Daylight illuminance was used to control electrochromic state-switching. Two types of window systems were analyzed; i.e., the outer pane electrochromic glazing was combined with either a conventional low-E or a spectrally selective inner pane. The properties of the electrochromic glazings are based on measured data of new prototypes developed as part of a cooperative DOE-industry program. The results show the largest difference in annual electric energy performance between the different window types occurs in Phoenix and is about 6.5 kWh/m{sup 2} floor area (0.60 kWh/ft{sup 2}) which can represent a cost of about $.52/m{sup 2} ($.05/ft{sup 2}) using electricity costing $.08/kWh. In heating-dominated locations, the electrochromic should be maintained in its bleached state during the heating season to take advantage of beneficial solar heat gain which would reduce the amount of required heating. This also means that the electrochromic window with the largest solar heat gain coefficient is best.

  6. The energy-savings potential of electrochromic windows in the UScommercial buildings sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Eleanor; Yazdanian, Mehry; Selkowitz, Stephen

    2004-04-30

    Switchable electrochromic (EC) windows have been projected to significantly reduce the energy use of buildings nationwide. This study quantifies the potential impact of electrochromic windows on US primary energy use in the commercial building sector and also provides a broader database of energy use and peak demand savings for perimeter zones than that given in previous LBNL simulation studies. The DOE-2.1E building simulation program was used to predict the annual energy use of a three-story prototypical commercial office building located in five US climates and 16 California climate zones. The energy performance of an electrochromic window controlled to maintain daylight illuminance at a prescribed setpoint level is compared to conventional and the best available commercial windows as well as windows defined by the ASHRAE 90.1-1999 and California Title 24-2005 Prescriptive Standards. Perimeter zone energy use and peak demand savings data by orientation, window size, and climate are given for windows with interior shading, attached shading, and horizon obstructions (to simulate an urban environment). Perimeter zone primary energy use is reduced by 10-20% in east, south, and west zones in most climates if the commercial building has a large window-to-wall area ratio of 0.60 compared to a spectrally selective low-e window with daylighting controls and no interior or exterior shading. Peak demand for the same condition is reduced by 20-30%. The emerging electrochromic window with daylighting controls is projected to save approximately 91.5-97.3 10{sup 12} Btu in the year 2030 compared to a spectrally selective low-E window with manually-controlled interior shades and no daylighting controls if it reaches a 40% market penetration level in that year.

  7. Electrochromism vs. the Bugs:DevelopingWO3 Thin Film Windows...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Electrochromism vs. the Bugs:DevelopingWO3 Thin Film Windows toControl Photoactive Biological Systems. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Electrochromism vs. the...

  8. Electrochromic devices based on lithium insertion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Richardson, Thomas J. (Oakland, CA)

    2006-05-09

    Electrochromic devices having as an active electrode materials comprising Sb, Bi, Si, Ge, Sn, Te, N, P, As, Ga, In, Al, C, Pb, I and chalcogenides are disclosed. The addition of other metals, i.e. Ag and Cu to the active electrode further enhances performance.

  9. Low voltage solid-state lateral coloration electrochromic device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tracy, C.E.; Benson, D.K.; Ruth, M.R.

    1984-12-21

    A solid-state transition metal oxide device comprising a plurality of layers having a predisposed orientation including an electrochromic oxide layer. Conductive material including anode and cathode contacts is secured to the device. Coloration is actuated within the electrochromic oxide layer after the application of a predetermined potential between the contacts. The coloration action is adapted to sweep or dynamically extend across the length of the electrochromic oxide layer.

  10. Low voltage solid-state lateral coloration electrochromic device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO); Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Ruth, Marta R. (Boulder, CO)

    1987-01-01

    A solid-state transition metal oxide device comprising a plurality of lay having a predisposed orientation including an electrochromic oxide layer. Conductive material including anode and cathode contacts is secured to the device. Coloration is actuated within the electrochromic oxide layer after the application of a predetermined potential between the contacts. The coloration action is adapted to sweep or dynamically extend across the length of the electrochromic oxide layer.

  11. NREL Electrochromic Window Research Wins Award

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-05-29

    Winners of the CO-LABS Governor's Award for High-Impact Research in Energy Efficiency, Dr. Satyen Deb at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) discovered that a small electrical charge can change the opacity of tungsten oxide from clear to tinted. He, Dr. Dane Gillaspie, and their fellow scientists at NREL then applied this knowledge to develop and transfer the technologies required to construct an electrochromic window, which can switch between clear and heavily tinted states. Electrochromic windows allow natural light in while adding tint to reduce summer heat and glare, and going clear to allow sunlight through in the winter. Broad adaptation of these windows could reduce US total energy use by four percent and reduce building cooling loads by 20%, much of this during expensive peak hours. Windows based on these discoveries are now being installed worldwide.

  12. Electrochromic Window Demonstration- Donna Land Port of Entry

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Donna Project Plan: Electrochrome Window Demonstration Measurement and Verification Report This report details the measurement and verification tools and methods used to evaluate the effectiveness of electrochromic windows at the Donna Land Port of Entry, an international border crossing between the United States and Mexico located in Texas.

  13. Recovery Act: Electrochromic Glazing Technology: Improved Performance, Lower Price

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burdis, Mark; Sbar, Neil

    2012-06-30

    The growing dependency of the US on energy imports and anticipated further increases in energy prices reinforce the concerns about meeting the energy demand in the future and one element of a secure energy future is conservation. It is estimated that the buildings sector represents 40% of the US's total energy consumption. And buildings produce as much as one third of the greenhouse gas emissions primarily through fossil fuel usage during their operational phase. A significant fraction of this energy usage is simply due to inefficient window technology. Electrochromic (EC) windows allow electronic control of their optical properties so that the transparency to light can be adjusted from clear to dark. This ability to control the amount of solar energy allowed into the building can be advantageously used to minimize lighting, heating and air conditioning costs. Currently, the penetration of EC windows into the marketplace is extremely small, and consequently there is a huge opportunity for energy savings if this market can be expanded. In order to increase the potential energy savings it is necessary to increase the quantity of EC windows in operation. Additionally, any incremental improvement in the energy performance of each window will add to the potential energy savings. The overall goals of this project were therefore to improve the energy performance and lower the cost of dynamic (EC) smart windows for residential and commercial building applications. This project is obviously of benefit to the public by addressing two major areas: lowering the cost and improving the energy performance of EC glazings. The high level goals for these activities were: (i) to improve the range between the clear and the tinted state, (ii) reduce the price of EC windows by utilizing lower cost materials, (iii) lowering the U-Value1 SAGE Electrochromics Inc. is the only company in the US which has a track record of producing EC windows, and presently has a small operational factory in Faribault MN which is shipping products throughout the world. There is a much larger factory currently under construction close by. This project was targeted specifically to address the issues outlined above, with a view to implementation on the new high volume manufacturing facility. Each of the Tasks which were addressed in this project is relatively straightforward to implement in this new facility and so the benefits of the work will be realized quickly. , and (iv) ensure the proposed changes have no detrimental effect to the proven durability of the window. The research described here has helped to understand and provide solutions to several interesting and previously unresolved issues of the technology as well as make progress in areas which will have a significant impact on energy saving. In particular several materials improvements have been made, and tasks related to throughput and yield improvements have been completed. All of this has been accomplished without any detrimental effect on the proven durability of the SageGlass EC device. The project was divided into four main areas: 1. Improvement of the Properties of the EC device by material enhancements (Task 2); 2. Reduce the cost of production by improving the efficiency and yields of some key manufacturing processes (Task 3); 3. Further reduce the cost by significant modifications to the structure of the device (Task 4); 4. Ensure the durability of the EC device is not affected by any of the changes resulting from these activities (Task 5). A detailed description of the activities carried out in these areas is given in the following report, along with the aims and goals of the work. We will see that we have completed Tasks 2 and 3 fully, and the durability of the resulting device structure has been unaffected. Some of Task 4 was not carried out because of difficulties with integrating the installation of the required targets into the production coater due to external constraints not related to this project. We will also see that the durability of the devices produced as a result of this work was

  14. Composite WO3/TiO2 nanostructures for high electrochromic activity.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reyes, Karla Rosa; Stephens, Zachary Dan.; Robinson, David B.

    2013-05-01

    A composite material consisting of TiO2 nanotubes (NTs) with WO3 electrodeposited homogeneously on its surface has been fabricated, detached from its substrate, and attached to a fluorine-doped tin oxide film on glass for application to electrochromic (EC) reactions. A paste of TiO2 made from commercially available TiO2 nanoparticles creates an interface for the TiO2 NT film to attach to the FTO glass, which is conductive and does not cause solution-phase ions in an electrolyte to bind irreversibly with the material. The effect of NT length on the current density and the EC contrast of the material were studied. The EC redox reaction seen in this material is diffusion- limited, having relatively fast reaction rates at the electrode surface. The composite WO3/TiO2 nanostructures showed higher ion storage capacity, better stability, enhanced EC contrast and longer memory time compared with the pure WO3 and TiO2.

  15. Electrochromic material and electro-optical device using same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cogan, S.F.; Rauh, R.D.

    1992-01-14

    An oxidatively coloring electrochromic layer of composition M[sub y]CrO[sub 2+x] (0.33[le]y[le]2.0 and x[le]2) where M=Li, Na or K with improved transmittance modulation, improved thermal and environmental stability, and improved resistance to degradation in organic liquid and polymeric electrolytes. The M[sub y]CrO[sub 2+x] provides complementary optical modulation to cathodically coloring materials in thin-film electrochromic glazings and electrochromic devices employing polymeric Li[sup +] ion conductors. 12 figs.

  16. Electrochromic polyaniline/graphite oxide nanocomposites with endured electrochemical energy storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, John Zhanhu

    films for electrochromic displays and electrochemical energy storage devices applications were. Introduction The development of sustainable and renewable energy storage resources with both high power densityElectrochromic polyaniline/graphite oxide nanocomposites with endured electrochemical energy

  17. Electrochromic-photovoltaic film for light-sensitive control of optical transmittance

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Branz, H.M.; Crandall, R.S.; Tracy, C.E.

    1994-12-27

    A variable transmittance optical component includes an electrochromic material and a photovoltaic device-type thin film solar cell deposited in a tandem type, monolithic single coating over the component. A bleed resistor of a predetermined value is connected in series across the electrochromic material and photovoltaic device controlling the activation and deactivation of the electrochromic material. The electrical conductivity between the electrochromic material and the photovoltaic device is enhanced by interposing a transparent electrically conductive layer. 5 figures.

  18. Electrochromic-photovoltaic film for light-sensitive control of optical transmittance

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Branz, Howard M. (Boulder, CO); Crandall, Richard S. (Golden, CO); Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO)

    1994-01-01

    A variable transmittance optical component includes an electrochromic material and a photovoltaic device-type thin film solar cell deposited in a tandem type, monolithic single coating over the component. A bleed resistor of a predetermined value is connected in series across the electrochromic material and photovoltaic device controlling the activation and deactivation of the electrochromic material. The electrical conductivity between the electrochromic material and the photovoltaic device is enhanced by interposing a transparent electrically conductive layer.

  19. An Exploratory Energy Analysis of Electrochromic Windows in Small and Medium Office Buildings - Simulated Results Using EnergyPlus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Belzer, David B.

    2010-08-01

    The Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Technologies Program (BTP) has had an active research program in supporting the development of electrochromic (EC) windows. Electrochromic glazings used in these windows have the capability of varying the transmittance of light and heat in response to an applied voltage. This dynamic property allows these windows to reduce lighting, cooling, and heating energy in buildings where they are employed. The exploratory analysis described in this report examined three different variants of EC glazings, characterized by the amount of visible light and solar heat gain (as measured by the solar heat gain coefficients [SHGC] in their “clear” or transparent states). For these EC glazings, the dynamic range of the SHGC’s between their “dark” (or tinted) state and the clear state were: (0.22 - 0.70, termed “high” SHGC); (0.16 - 0.39, termed “low” SHGC); and (0.13 - 0.19; termed “very low” SHGC). These glazings are compared to conventional (static) glazing that meets the ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004 energy standard for five different locations in the U.S. All analysis used the EnergyPlus building energy simulation program for modeling EC windows and alternative control strategies. The simulations were conducted for a small and a medium office building, where engineering specifications were taken from the set of Commercial Building Benchmark building models developed by BTP. On the basis of these simulations, total source-level savings in these buildings were estimated to range between 2 to 7%, depending on the amount of window area and building location.

  20. Daylighting control performance of a thin-film ceramic electrochromic window: Field study results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, E.S.; DiBartolomeo, D.L.; Selkowitz, S.E.

    2005-01-26

    Control system development and lighting energy monitoring of ceramic thin-film electrochromic (EC) windows were initiated at the new full-scale window systems test-bed facility at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) in Berkeley, CA. The new facility consists of three identically configured side-by-side private offices with large-area windows that face due south. In one room, an array of EC windows with a center-of-glass visible transmittance T_v range of 0.05-0.60 was installed. In the two other rooms, unshaded windows with a T_v = 0.50 or 0.15 were used as reference. The same dimmable fluorescent lighting system was used in all three rooms. This study explains the design and commissioning of an integrated EC window-lighting control system, and then illustrates its performance in the test-bed under clear, partly cloudy, and overcast sky conditions during the equinox period. The performance of an early prototype EC window controller is also analyzed. Lighting energy savings data are presented. Daily lighting energy savings were 44-59% compared to the reference window of T_v = 0.15 and 8-23% compared to the reference window of T_v = 0.50. The integrated window-lighting control system maintained interior illuminance levels to within +/- 10% of the setpoint range of 510-700 lx for 89-99% of the day. Further work is planned to refine the control algorithms and monitor cooling load, visual comfort, and human factor impacts of this emerging technology. (author)

  1. Energy Efficient Electrochromic Windows Incorporating Ionic Liquids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheri Boykin; James Finley; Donald Anthony; Julianna Knowles; Richard Markovic; Michael Buchanan; Mary Ann Fuhry; Lisa Perrine

    2008-11-30

    One approach to increasing the energy efficiency of windows is to control the amount of solar radiation transmitted through a window by using electrochromic technology. What is unique about this project is that the electrochromic is based on the reduction/oxidation reactions of cathodic and anodic organic semi-conducting polymers using room temperature ionic liquids as ion transport electrolytes. It is believed that these types of coatings would be a lower cost alternative to traditional all inorganic thin film based electrochromic technologies. Although there are patents1 based on the proposed technology, it has never been reduced to practice and thoroughly evaluated (i.e. durability and performance) in a window application. We demonstrate that by using organic semi-conductive polymers, specific bands of the solar spectrum (specifically visible and near infrared) can be targeted for electrochemical variable transmittance responsiveness. In addition, when the technology is incorporated into an insulating glass unit, the energy parameters such as the solar heat gain coefficient and the light to solar gain ratio are improved over that of a typical insulating glass unit comprised of glass with a low emissivity coating. A minimum of {approx}0.02 quads of energy savings per year with a reduction of carbon emissions for electricity of {approx}320 MKg/yr benefit is achieved over that of a typical insulating glass unit including a double silver low-E coating. Note that these values include a penalty in the heating season. If this penalty is removed (i.e. in southern climates or commercial structures where cooling is predominate year-round) a maximum energy savings of {approx}0.05 quad per year and {approx}801 MKg/yr can be achieved over that of a typical insulating glass unit including a double silver low-E coating. In its current state, the technology is not durable enough for an exterior window application. The primary downfall is that the redox chemistry fails to recover to a bleached state upon exposure to heat and solar radiation while being cycled over time from the bleached to the dark state. Most likely the polymers are undergoing degradation reactions which are accelerated by heat and solar exposure while in either the reduced or oxidized states and the performance of the polymers is greatly reduced over time. For this technology to succeed in an exterior window application, there needs to be more work done to understand the degradation of the polymers under real-life application conditions such as elevated temperatures and solar exposure so that recommendations for improvements in to the overall system can be made. This will be the key to utilizing this type of technology in any future real-life applications.

  2. Insertion of lithium into electrochromic devices after completion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berland, Brian Spencer; Lanning, Bruce Roy; Frey, Jonathan Mack; Barrett, Kathryn Suzanne; DuPont, Paul Damon; Schaller, Ronald William

    2015-12-22

    The present disclosure describes methods of inserting lithium into an electrochromic device after completion. In the disclosed methods, an ideal amount of lithium can be added post-fabrication to maximize or tailor the free lithium ion density of a layer or the coloration range of a device. Embodiments are directed towards a method to insert lithium into the main device layers of an electrochromic device as a post-processing step after the device has been manufactured. In an embodiment, the methods described are designed to maximize the coloration range while compensating for blind charge loss.

  3. Stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) powered electrochromic window

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benson, D.K.; Crandall, R.S.; Deb, S.K.; Stone, J.L.

    1995-01-24

    A variable transmittance double pane window includes an electrochromic material that has been deposited on one pane of the window in conjunction with an array of photovoltaic cells deposited along an edge of the pane to produce the required electric power necessary to vary the effective transmittance of the window. A battery is placed in a parallel fashion to the array of photovoltaic cells to allow the user the ability to manually override the system when a desired transmittance is desired. 11 figures.

  4. Stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) powered electrochromic window

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Crandall, Richard S. (Boulder, CO); Deb, Satyendra K. (Boulder, CO); Stone, Jack L. (Lakewood, CO)

    1995-01-01

    A variable transmittance double pane window includes an electrochromic material that has been deposited on one pane of the window in conjunction with an array of photovoltaic cells deposited along an edge of the pane to produce the required electric power necessary to vary the effective transmittance of the window. A battery is placed in a parallel fashion to the array of photovoltaic cells to allow the user the ability to manually override the system when a desired transmittance is desired.

  5. Electrochromic nickel oxide simultaneously doped with lithium and a metal dopant

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gillaspie, Dane T; Weir, Douglas G

    2014-04-01

    An electrochromic device comprising a counter electrode layer comprised of lithium metal oxide which provides a high transmission in the fully intercalated state and which is capable of long-term stability, is disclosed. Methods of making an electrochromic device comprising such a counter electrode are also disclosed.

  6. Preliminary Assessment of the Energy-Saving Potential of Electrochromic Windows in Residential Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, D. R.

    2009-12-01

    Electrochromic windows provide variable tinting that can help control glare and solar heat gain. We used BEopt software to evaluate their performance in prototypical energy models of a single-family home.

  7. Thin film lithium-based batteries and electrochromic devices fabricated with nanocomposite electrode materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gillaspie, Dane T; Lee, Se-Hee; Tracy, C. Edwin; Pitts, John Roland

    2014-02-04

    Thin-film lithium-based batteries and electrochromic devices (10) are fabricated with positive electrodes (12) comprising a nanocomposite material composed of lithiated metal oxide nanoparticles (40) dispersed in a matrix composed of lithium tungsten oxide.

  8. Development of High Rate Coating Technology for Low Cost Electrochromic Dynamic Windows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwak, B.; Joshi, Ajey

    2013-03-31

    Objectives of the Project: The objective of this project was to develop and demonstrate the feasibility of depositing critical electrochromic layers at high rate using new novel vacuum coating sources, to develop a full electrochromic process flow by combining conventional processes with new deposition sources, to characterize, test, evaluate, and optimize the resulting coatings and devices, and, to demonstrate an electrochromic device using the new process flow and sources. As addendum objectives, this project was to develop and demonstrate direct patterning methods with novel integration schemes. The long term objective, beyond this program, is to integrate these innovations to enable production of low-cost, high-performance electrochromic windows produced on highly reliable and high yielding manufacturing equipment and systems.

  9. Electrochemical Preparation of Molybdenum Trioxide Thin Films: Effect of Sintering on Electrochromic and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to their useinthedevelopmentofdisplays3,4 andsmartwindows.5,6 Smart window fabrication has seen the greater extent of advancement between conditions in office buildings.7 Development of new and improved electrochromic devices centers on increasing

  10. Engineering the electrochromism and ion conduction of layer-by-layer assembled films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLongchamp, Dean M. (Dean Michael), 1975-

    2003-01-01

    This work applies the processing technique of layer-by-layer (LBL) assembly to the creation and development of new electrochemically active materials. Elements of the thin-film electrochromic cell were chosen as a particular ...

  11. Sandia Energy - EC Events

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygen GenerationTechnologies |EducationChemicalContactEC Events Home

  12. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygen GenerationTechnologies |EducationChemicalContactEC

  13. Sandia Energy - EC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis ofSample SULIColin HumphreysDETL Permalink GalleryDr. DavidEC

  14. Sandia Energy - EC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) byMultidayAlumniProjectsCyberNot ChemistryEC Home Customers &

  15. Multi-layer electrode for high contrast electrochromic devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schwendeman, Irina G. (Wexford, PA); Finley, James J. (Pittsburgh, PA); Polcyn, Adam D. (Pittsburgh, PA); Boykin, Cheri M. (Wexford, PA)

    2011-11-01

    An electrochromic device includes a first substrate spaced from a second substrate. A first transparent conductive electrode is formed over at least a portion of the first substrate. A polymeric anode is formed over at least a portion of the first conductive electrode. A second transparent conductive electrode is formed over at least a portion of the second substrate. In one aspect of the invention, a multi-layer polymeric cathode is formed over at least a portion of the second conductive electrode. In one non-limiting embodiment, the multi-layer cathode includes a first cathodically coloring polymer formed over at least a portion of the second conductive electrode and a second cathodically coloring polymer formed over at least a portion of the first cathodically coloring polymer. An ionic liquid is positioned between the anode and the cathode.

  16. Electrochromic Behavior in Flexible WO3 and Prussian Blue Thin Films for Use in Ski Goggle Lenses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Taylor D.

    Electrochromic Behavior in Flexible WO3 and Prussian Blue Thin Films for Use in Ski Goggle Lenses electrodeposited Prussian blue (PB) and sputtered WO3 thin films on ITO coated PET substrates 3. Films were to intercalate with the crystal structure of the electrochromic layer. This reaction for WO3 is as follows: WO3

  17. Nanostructured electrochromic smart windows: traditional materials and NIR-selective plasmonic nanocrystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Runnerstrom, EL; Llordes, A; Lounis, SD; Milliron, DJ

    2014-06-04

    Electrochromic devices, which dynamically change colour under applied potential, are widely studied for use in energy-efficient smart windows. To improve the viability of smart windows, many researchers are utilizing nanomaterials, which can provide electrochromic devices with improved colouration efficiencies, faster switching times, longer cycle lives, and potentially reduced costs. In an effort to demonstrate a new type of electrochromic device that goes beyond the capabilities of commonly used electrochromic materials, researchers have turned to plasmonic transparent conductive oxide (TCO) nanocrystals. Electrochemical injection of electrons into plasmonic TCO nanocrystal films induces a shift in the plasmon frequency and gives rise to the new functionality of selective optical modulation in the near-infrared region of the solar spectrum. These nanocrystals can be used as building blocks to enable creation of advanced electrochromic devices containing mesoporous electrodes or nanocrystal-in-glass composites. Such devices have been important in advancing the field towards achieving the ideal smart window with independent control over visible and NIR transmittance.

  18. EC 2001 Principles of Economics 3 EC 3300 Industrial Organization Economics 3 EC 3002 3 EC 4050 Game Theory/Strategic Behavior 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Financial Institutions 3 EC 4000 3 EC 4500 Public Economics 3 EC 4200 Econometrics 3 EC 4620 Energy: ___________________ International Economics Senior Seminar in Economics Calculus Plus w/ Technology I Calculus with Technology II different disciplines, from the Science Course List; at least one must include a Chemistry or Physics course

  19. EC5135: Analog Electronic Circuits EC3102: Analog Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnapura, Nagendra

    #12;Course prerequisites Circuit analysis Mesh, nodal analyses RLC, linear dependent sources Laplace and Kemmerly, Engineering Circuit Analysis, McGraw Hill, 6/e. B. P. Lathi, Linear Systems and Signals, Oxford Circuits EC3102: Analog Circuits #12;Course contents Nonlinear circuits-incremental analysis Obtaining

  20. Sandia Energy - EC Image Library

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygen GenerationTechnologies |EducationChemicalContactEC EventsEC

  1. Argonne's SpEC Module

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Harper, Jason

    2014-06-05

    Jason Harper, an electrical engineer in Argonne National Laboratory's EV-Smart Grid Interoperability Center, discusses his SpEC Module invention that will enable fast charging of electric vehicles in under 15 minutes. The module has been licensed to BTCPower.

  2. Argonne's SpEC Module

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harper, Jason

    2014-05-05

    Jason Harper, an electrical engineer in Argonne National Laboratory's EV-Smart Grid Interoperability Center, discusses his SpEC Module invention that will enable fast charging of electric vehicles in under 15 minutes. The module has been licensed to BTCPower.

  3. 2015 LUG EC Meeting | Agenda

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-InspiredAtmosphericdevicesPPONeApril 30, 2013Program952015 Hour of CodeLUG EC

  4. Sandia Energy - EC Fact Sheets

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygen GenerationTechnologies |EducationChemicalContactEC Events

  5. Sandia Energy - EC Events Calendar

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) byMultidayAlumniProjectsCyberNot ChemistryEC Home Customers

  6. Electrochromism in sol-gel deposited TiO(sub 2) films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, J.M.; Barczynska, J.; Evans, L.A.; MacDonald, K.A.; Wang, J.; Green, D.C.; Smith, G.B.

    1994-12-31

    Electrochromism in sol-gel deposited TiO{sub 2} films and films containing TiO{sub 2} and WO{sub 3} has been observed. The films are deposited by dip-coating from a precursor containing titanium isopropoxide in ethanol or titanium propoxide in ethanol, and after deposition the films are heat treated to between 250 C and 300 C. The films do not show any signs of crystallinity. However substantial coloration is observed using Li{sup +} ions in a non-aqueous electrolyte, both in pure TiO{sub 2} films and in mixed metal oxide films (WO{sub 3}:TiO{sub 2}), although the voltage required to produce coloration is different in the two cases. Results will be presented detailing the optical switching and charge transport properties of the films during cyclic voltammetry. These results will be used to compare the performance of the TiO{sub 2} films with other electrochromics. The TiO{sub 2} and mixed metal films all color cathodically, and the colored state is a neutral greyish color for TiO{sub 2}, while the bleached state is transparent and colorless. Results on coloration efficiency and the stability under repeated electrochemical cycling will also be presented. The neutral color of the TiO{sub 2} films and mixed-metal films means that electrochromic windows based on TiO{sub 2} may have significant advantages over WO{sub 3}-based windows. A detailed analysis of the optical properties of the colored state of the films will be presented. The dynamics of coloration for these films is also under investigation, and preliminary results will be presented.

  7. Cyclic voltammetry on sputter-deposited films of electrochromic Ni oxide: Power-law decay of the charge density exchange

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wen, Rui-Tao Granqvist, Claes G.; Niklasson, Gunnar A.

    2014-10-20

    Ni-oxide-based thin films were produced by reactive direct-current magnetron sputtering and were characterized by X-ray diffraction and Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy. Intercalation of Li{sup +} ions was accomplished by cyclic voltammetry (CV) in an electrolyte of LiClO{sub 4} in propylene carbonate, and electrochromism was documented by spectrophotometry. The charge density exchange, and hence the optical modulation span, decayed gradually upon repeated cycling. This phenomenon was accurately described by an empirical power law, which was valid for at least 10{sup 4} cycles when the applied voltage was limited to 4.1?V vs Li/Li{sup +}. Our results allow lifetime assessments for one of the essential components in an electrochromic device such as a “smart window” for energy-efficient buildings.

  8. NIR-Selective electrochromic heteromaterial frameworks: a platform to understand mesoscale transport phenomena in solid-state electrochemical devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, TE; Chang, CM; Rosen, EL; Garcia, G; Runnerstrom, EL; Williams, BL; Koo, B; Buonsanti, R; Milliron, DJ; Helms, BA

    2014-01-01

    We report here the first solid-state, NIR-selective electrochromic devices. Critical to device performance is the arrangement of nanocrystal-derived electrodes into heteromaterial frameworks, where hierarchically porous ITO nanocrystal active layers are infiltrated by an ion-conducting polymer electrolyte with mesoscale periodicity. Enhanced coloration efficiency and transport are realized over unarchitectured electrodes in devices, paving the way towards new smart windows technologies.

  9. 209th ECS Meeting, Abstract #1265, copyright ECS MICROMACHINED CERAMIC PLATFORM FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Norman

    209th ECS Meeting, Abstract #1265, copyright ECS MICROMACHINED CERAMIC PLATFORM FOR LIVING NEURONAL ceramic chips for guided growth of living neurons and their interfacing into functional networks. Our core-organized nanoporous alumina, micromachining alumina ceramic to create patterns for guided neuronal growth

  10. EC Transmission Line Risk Identification and Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bigelow, Tim S

    2012-04-01

    The purpose of this document is to assist in evaluating and planning for the cost, schedule, and technical project risks associated with the delivery and operation of the EC (Electron cyclotron) transmission line system. In general, the major risks that are anticipated to be encountered during the project delivery phase associated with the implementation of the Procurement Arrangement for the EC transmission line system are associated with: (1) Undefined or changing requirements (e.g., functional or regulatory requirements) (2) Underperformance of prototype, first unit, or production components during testing (3) Unavailability of qualified vendors for critical components Technical risks associated with the design and operation of the system are also identified.

  11. On the neutrinoless double ?{sup +}/EC decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suhonen, Jouni

    2013-12-30

    The neutrinoless double positron-emission/electron-capture (0??{sup +}/EC) decays are studied for the magnitudes of the involved nuclear matrix elements (NMEs). Decays to the ground state, 0{sub gs}{sup +}, and excited 0{sup +} states are discussed. The participant many-body wave functions are evaluated in the framework of the quasiparticle random-phase approximation (QRPA). Effective, G-matrix-derived nuclear forces are used in realistic single-particle model spaces. The channels ?{sup +}?{sup +}, ?{sup +}EC, and the resonant neutrinoless double electron capture (R0?ECEC) are discussed.

  12. San Juan Basin EC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk,Sage Resources JumpDimas, California:County,Basin EC Jump to:

  13. Limits for light intensification by reflection from relativistic plasma mirrors A. A. Solodov,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limits for light intensification by reflection from relativistic plasma mirrors A. A. Solodov,a V of those pulses. The combination of these effects would result in dramatic light intensification toward to be proportional to exp - Ec/E ,4 where Ec = m2 c3 e = 1.32 1016 V cm , 1 where c is the speed of light in vacuum

  14. A self-powered electrochromic device driven by a nanogenerator Xiaohong Yang,ab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    and high colora- tion efficiency13­16 that make them suitable for a variety of applica- tions such as smart windows, electronic billboards, as well as displays of portable and flexible devices including smart cards diagrams of self-powered EC systems. The power source unit has an NG and a full-wave bridge for recti

  15. EC-LEDS Transport | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstrumentsAreafor GeothermalNorthWorldwideMitigation | OpenEC-LEDS

  16. EC Power UK Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:of the NationalDynetek Europe GmbH JumpE+CoThe LowEC-Power

  17. Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Generation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS): Distributed Generation Agency...

  18. Summary of ECE presentations at EC-18

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Taylor, G.

    2015-03-12

    There were nine ECE and one EBE presentation at EC-18. Four of the presentations were on various aspects of ECE on ITER. The ITER ECE diagnostic has entered an important detailed preliminary design phase and faces several design challenges in the next 2-3 years. Most of the other ECE presentations at the workshop were focused on applications of ECE diagnostics to plasma measurements, rather than improvements in technology, although it was apparent that heterodyne receiver technology continues to improve. CECE, ECE imaging and EBE imaging are increasingly providing valuable insights into plasma behavior that is important to understand if futuremore »burning plasma devices, such as ITER, FNSF and DEMO, are to be successful.« less

  19. High optical and switching performance electrochromic devices based on a zinc oxide nanowire with poly(methyl methacrylate) gel electrolytes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chun, Young Tea; Chu, Daping; Neeves, Matthew; Placido, Frank; Smithwick, Quinn

    2014-11-10

    High performance electrochromic devices have been fabricated and demonstrated utilizing a solid polymer electrolyte and zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowire (NW) array counter electrode. The poly(methyl methacrylate) based polymer electrolyte was spin coated upon hydrothermally grown ZnO NW array counter electrodes, while electron beam evaporated NiO{sub x} thin films formed the working electrodes. Excellent optical contrast and switching speeds were observed in the fabricated devices with active areas of 2?cm{sup 2}, exhibiting an optical contrast of 73.11% at the wavelength of 470?nm, combined with a fast switching time of 0.2 s and 0.4 s for bleaching and coloration, respectively.

  20. ENG EC516 Digital Signal Processing 2008-2009 Catalog Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;11. Speech Processing 12. Music Processing 13. Biomedical Signal Processing 14. Image Processing 15. SensorENG EC516 Digital Signal Processing 2008-2009 Catalog Data ENG EC 516 Prereq: ENG EC 416, ENG EC 402, or ENG EC 415. Advanced structures and techniques for digital signal processing

  1. ME 349 Corrosion Engineering ABET EC2000 syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    of contemporary issues in engineering practice, including economic, social, political, and environmental issues. Apply principles of engineering, basic science, and mathematics (including multivariate calculusME 349 ­ Corrosion Engineering Page 1 ABET EC2000 syllabus ME 349 ­ Corrosion Engineering Spring

  2. EC proposals still have a long way to go

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, I.

    1993-01-27

    The European Commission's plans to create a single market within the European Community (EC) - supported by most of Europe's chemical industry - still appear far from being realized. When the commission agreed on draft directives to pen up europe's gas and eletricity networks to greater competition, they were scheduled to be implemented on January 1, 1993. However, following intense lobbying by energy suppliers throughout the EC, the European Energy Council, meeting on November 30, 1992, asked the commission to modify its plans. The UK government, during its EC presidency in second-half 1992, campaigned hard to ensure that progress was made toward energy liberalization but met strong opposition from other EC members, including France, the Netherlands, Italy, and Spain. The main bone of contention is third-party access (TPA), which would allow larger energy users to buy their electricity and gas from suppliers anywhere in the EC, seen by consumers as the key element in the commission proposals. The Energy Council, at its November meeting, made particular note of the reservations that had been expressed about the proposed TPA mechanisms.

  3. ME 361E Nuclear Reactor Engineering ABET EC2000 syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    ME 361E ­ Nuclear Reactor Engineering Page 1 ABET EC2000 syllabus ME 361E ­ Nuclear Reactor; neutron diffusion and moderation; reactor equations; Fermi Age theory; multigroup and multiregional students should be able to: · Compare and contrast numerous nuclear reactor designs · Calculate the effects

  4. ME 379M Polymer Nanoparticles ABET EC2000 syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    ME 379M ­ Polymer Nanoparticles Page 1 ABET EC2000 syllabus ME 379M ­ Polymer Nanoparticles Spring 2010 Required or Elective: Elective 2008-2010 Catalog Data: Course Topics Vary: Polymer Nanoparticles Prerequisite(s): Basic undergraduate level of materials science background Textbook(s): J.H. Koo, Polymer

  5. ME 360N Intermediate Heat Transfer ABET EC2000 syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    and Internal), Heat Exchangers (1) 3. Heat Exchanger Analysis (1) 4. Radiation (Intro) (Properties, Surface (1) 22. Nat'l. Conv. (1) 23. Intro Heat Exchangers & Energy Balances (1) 24. Overall H.T. Coeff ­ Intermediate Heat Transfer Page 2 ABET EC2000 syllabus Class/Laboratory Schedule (Type, number and duration

  6. Drawing fractal plants with recursive functions ECS 175 Spring 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Drawing fractal plants with recursive functions ECS 175 Spring 2012 These notes describe a version of L-systems, a recursive language used to describe plant structures. L-systems were introduced and Prezemyslaw Prusinkiewicz (know to everyone as Dr. P), The Algorithmic Beauty of Plants. 1 Fractals We can

  7. ME 374D Automotive Engineering laboratory ABET EC2000 syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    . Awareness of contemporary issues in engineering practice, including economic, social, political the ability to: A. Apply principles of engineering, basic science, and mathematics (including multivariateME 374D ­ Automotive Engineering laboratory Page 1 ABET EC2000 syllabus ME 374D ­ Automotive

  8. ME 355K Engineering Vibrations ABET EC2000 syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    of contemporary issues in engineering practice, including economic, social, political, and environmental issues. Apply principles of engineering, basic science, and mathematics (including multivariate calculusME 355K ­ Engineering Vibrations Page 1 ABET EC2000 syllabus ME 355K ­ Engineering Vibrations

  9. ME 374C Combustion Engine Processes ABET EC2000 syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    to the profession. h, j 10. Awareness of contemporary issues in engineering practice, including economic, social that graduates have the ability to: A. Apply principles of engineering, basic science, and mathematics (includingME 374C ­ Combustion Engine Processes Page 1 ABET EC2000 syllabus ME 374C ­ Combustion Engine

  10. ME 339 Heat Transfer ABET EC2000 syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    ME 339­ Heat Transfer Page 1 ABET EC2000 syllabus ME 339 ­ Heat Transfer Spring 2010 Required convection; radiation; introduction to phase change heat transfer and to heat exchangers. Prerequisite(s): ME, Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, 6th ed., Wiley Other Required Material: NA Course Objectives

  11. Scintillator reflective layer coextrusion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yun, Jae-Chul (Naperville, IL); Para, Adam (St. Charles, IL)

    2001-01-01

    A polymeric scintillator has a reflective layer adhered to the exterior surface thereof. The reflective layer comprises a reflective pigment and an adhesive binder. The adhesive binder includes polymeric material from which the scintillator is formed. A method of forming the polymeric scintillator having a reflective layer adhered to the exterior surface thereof is also provided. The method includes the steps of (a) extruding an inner core member from a first amount of polymeric scintillator material, and (b) coextruding an outer reflective layer on the exterior surface of the inner core member. The outer reflective layer comprises a reflective pigment and a second amount of the polymeric scintillator material.

  12. Neutron reflecting supermirror structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wood, J.L.

    1992-12-01

    An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources. 2 figs.

  13. Neutron reflecting supermirror structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wood, James L. (Drayton Plains, MI)

    1992-01-01

    An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources.

  14. Efficient Adjustable Reflectivity Smart Window

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. Morgan Tench

    2005-12-01

    This project addressed the key technical issues for development of an efficient smart window based on reversible electrochemical transfer of silver between a mirror electrode and a localized counter electrode. Effort to provide uniform switching over large areas focused on use of a resistive transparent electrode innerlayer to increase the interelectrode resistance. An effective edge seal was developed in collaboration with adhesive suppliers and an electrochromic device manufacturer. Work to provide a manufacturable counter electrode focused on fabricating a dot matrix electrode without photolithography by electrodeposition of Pt nuclei on inherent active sites on a transparent oxide conductor. An alternative counter electrode based on a conducting polymer and an ionic liquid electrolyte was also investigated. Work in all of these areas was successful. Sputtered large-bandgap oxide innerlayers sandwiched between conductive indium tin oxide (ITO) layers were shown to provide sufficient cross-layer resistance (>300 ohm/cm{sup 2}) without significantly affecting the electrochemical properties of the ITO overlayer. Two edge seal epoxies, one procured from an epoxy manufacturer and one provided by an electrochromic device manufacturer in finished seals, were shown to be effective barriers against oxygen intrusion up to 80 C. The optimum density of nuclei for the dot matrix counter electrode was attained without use of photolithography by electrodeposition from a commercial alkaline platinum plating bath. Silver loss issues for cells with dot matrix electrodes were successfully addressed by purifying the electrolyte and adjusting the cell cycling parameters. More than 30K cycles were demonstrated for a REM cell (30-cm square) with a dot matrix counter electrode. Larger cells (30-cm square) were successfully fabricated but could not be cycled since the nucleation layers (provided by an outside supplier) were defective so that mirror deposits could not be produced.

  15. Argonne's SpEC Module | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O O D SFederal8823Laboratory works with marine industrySpEC

  16. Coast Intelligen 150-IC with ECS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company) JumpIowa: Energy ResourcesCreek, Colorado:150-IC with ECS

  17. Neutron reflecting supermirror structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wood, James L. (Drayton Plains, MI)

    1992-01-01

    An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources. One layer of each set of bilayers consist of titanium, and the second layer of each set of bilayers consist of an alloy of nickel with carbon interstitially present in the nickel alloy.

  18. Advancement of Electrochromic Windows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    on the summer solstice (left), equinox (middle), and winterearly afternoon between the equinox and winter solstice onrow for the late summer to equinox condition, two top rows (

  19. Advancement of Electrochromic Windows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    1993–1998." Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 60 (2000)commercial buildings. Solar Energy Materials & Solar CellsOptical Materials Technology for Energy Efficiency and Solar

  20. Advancement of Electrochromic Windows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    Myser. 2002. “Active Load Management with Advanced Windowfor energy savings and load management by: Solving criticalalone, but their load management and non-energy benefits are

  1. Advancement of Electrochromic Windows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    can be addressed by code officials. The DOE-2.1E buildingengineers and code officials to ease the introduction of

  2. Advancement of Electrochromic Windows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    direct sun significantly improves lighting energy usedirect sun and window discomfort glare, then the energydirect sun (daylight admittance and lighting energy use

  3. EC-Earth = IFS + NEMO + LIM "CMIP5 version" (v2.3)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haak, Hein

    EC-Earth = IFS + NEMO + LIM "CMIP5 version" (v2.3) IFS T159L62 (cycle 31r1 + enhancements) OASIS ORCA1/L46 (or ORCA025) #12;20.03.2013 A. Sterl - NL EC-Earth day #12;20.03.2013 A. Sterl - NL EC-Earth day Imbalance: 0.135 W/m2 GHG forcing: 0.5-1 W/m2 #12;20.03.2013 A. Sterl - NL EC-Earth day T

  4. Completion Report for Well ER-EC-1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Townsend, M.J.

    2000-12-01

    Well ER-EC-1 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada. This well was drilled in the spring of 1999 as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's hydrogeologic investigation well program in the Western Pahute Mesa - Oasis Valley region just west of the Test Site. A 44.5-centimeter surface hole was drilled and cased off to the depth 675.1 meters below the surface. The hole diameter was then decreased to 31.1 centimeters for drilling to a total depth of 1,524.0 meters. A preliminary composite, static, water level was measured at the depth of approximately 566.3 meters prior to installation of the completion string. One completion string with three isolated, slotted intervals was installed in the well. Detailed lithologic descriptions with preliminary stratigraphic assignments are included in the report. These are based on composite drill cuttings collected every 3 meters and 31 sidewall samples taken at various depths below 680 meters, supplemented by geophysical log data. Detailed chemical and mineralogical studies of rock samples are in progress. The well penetrated Tertiary-age lava and tuff of the Timber Mountain Group, the Paintbrush Group, the Calico Hills Formation, the Crater Flat Group, and the Volcanics of Quartz Mountain. The preliminary geologic interpretation of data from Well ER-EC-1 indicates the presence of a structural trough or bench filled with a thick section of post-Rainier Mesa lava. These data also suggest that this site is located on a buried structural ridge that may separate the Silent Canyon and Timber Mountain caldera complexes.

  5. Reflecting to learn mathematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rachael Kenney

    2013-08-09

    The reflective WTLM prompts used in the seminar were developed by our research team or were adapted ..... Narrowing the gap between a vision of reform and teaching practice: Middle level teachers. ... Principles and standards for school.

  6. UMBC Training Centers Partners with EC-Council, to Deliver Online Cybersecurity Training Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

    UMBC Training Centers Partners with EC-Council, to Deliver Online Cybersecurity Training Programs "iClasses offer Students the option of live, instructor lead online security training virtually anywhere with access to the internet." March 21, 2011 - UMBC Training Centers, long time partner of the EC

  7. Partially Reflected Diffusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Singer; Z. Schuss; D. Holcman

    2007-09-02

    The radiation (reaction, Robin) boundary condition for the continuum diffusion equation is widely used in chemical and biological applications to express reactive boundaries. The underlying trajectories of the diffusing particles are believed to be partially absorbed and partially reflected at the reactive boundary, however, the relation between the reaction (radiation) constant in the Robin boundary condition and the reflection probability is still unclear. In this paper we clarify the issue by finding the relation between the reaction (radiation) constant and the absorption probability of the diffusing trajectories at the boundary. We analyze the Euler scheme for the underlying It\\^o dynamics, which is assumed to have variable drift and diffusion tensor, with partial reflection at the boundary. Trajectories that cross the boundary are terminated with a given probability and otherwise are reflected in a normal or oblique direction. We use boundary layer analysis of the corresponding Wiener path integral to resolve the non-uniform convergence of the probability density function of the numerical scheme to the solution of the Fokker-Planck equation with the Robin boundary condition, as the time step is decreased. We show that the Robin boundary condition is recovered in the limit iff trajectories are reflected in the co-normal direction. We find the relation of the reactive constant to the termination probability. We show the effect of using the new relation in numerical simulations.

  8. Fast quantum algorithm for EC3 problem with trapped ions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hefeng Wang; Lian-Ao Wu

    2014-12-09

    Adiabatic quantum computing~(AQC) is based on the adiabatic principle, where a quantum system remains in an instantaneous eigenstate of the driving Hamiltonian. The final state of the Hamiltonian encodes solution to the problem of interest. While AQC has distinct advantages, recent researches have shown that quantumness such as quantum coherence in adiabatic processes may be lost entirely due to the system-bath interaction when the evolution time is long, and consequently the expected quantum speedup dose not show up. Here we propose a fast-signal assisted adiabatic quantum algorithm. We find that by applying a sequence of fast random or regular signals during the evolution process, the runtime can be reduced greatly, yet advantages of the adiabatic algorithm remain intact. Significantly, we present a \\emph{randomized} Trotter formula and show that the driving Hamiltonian and the sequence of fast signals can be implemented simultaneously. We apply the algorithm for solving the $3$-bit exact cover problem~(EC$3$) and put forward an approach for implementing the problem with trapped ions.

  9. Reflecting to learn mathematics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rachael Kenney

    2013-08-09

    preservice teachers' pedagogical content knowledge with reflection on writing prompts in mathematics .... 1283). PCK provides a knowledge base for teaching subject matter as well .... ideas did you add to your own mathematics or pedagogical knowledge base? .... Hopefully, I will be able to keep an eye on my terminology.

  10. Modifications of Microvascular EC Surface Modulate Phototoxicity of a Porphycene anti-ICAM-1 Immunoconjugate; Therapeutic Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duran-Frigola, Miquel

    Inflammation and shear stress can upregulate expression of cellular adhesion molecules in endothelial cells (EC). The modified EC surface becomes a mediating interface between the circulating blood elements and the ...

  11. Reflective optical imaging system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shafer, David R. (Fairfield, CT)

    2000-01-01

    An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate. The four optical elements are characterized in order from object to image as convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical system is particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention increases the slit dimensions associated with ringfield scanning optics, improves wafer throughput and allows higher semiconductor device density.

  12. USACE EC 1165-2-216 Policy and Procedural Guidance for Processing...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    USACE EC 1165-2-216 Policy and Procedural Guidance for Processing Requests to Alter USACE Civil Works Projects Pursuant to 33 USC 408 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

  13. This regulation supersedes EC 1105-2-410, dated 22 August 2008. DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY EC 1165-2-209

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    , implementation, and operations and maintenance documents and work products. This EC puts quality on equal footing Information Quality Bulletin for Peer Review by the Office of Management and Budget (referred to as the "OMB in establishing effective review approaches for all work products. The quality management procedures of each major

  14. Approved Module Information for EC214C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Health, Safety & Risk Module Code: EC214C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Outcomes: * Intellecutal skills Assess the risks associated with workplaces, machinery, processes, and work the principles and application of health safety and risk management practices within the construction workApproved Module Information for EC214C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Health, Safety & Risk Module Code

  15. Approved Module Information for EC316C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Facilities Management Module Code: EC316C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    . ? Building Performance and Intelligent Buildings ? Asset and Value Management in Facilities ManagementApproved Module Information for EC316C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Facilities Management Module Code Credits: 10 Module Management Information Module Leader Name Yakubu Olawale Email Address olawalya

  16. Approved Module Information for EC216C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Professional Development Module Code: EC216C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    . Construction and the Environment: environmental impacts; sustainable construction; construction environmentApproved Module Information for EC216C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Professional Development Module of the health and safety, environmental, quality and social implications of the construction industry

  17. Approved Module Information for EE3ECS, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Electronic Control Systems Module Code: EE3ECS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for EE3ECS, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Electronic Control Systems Module of control systems with feedback * Methods used in the design of electronic control systems Professional/subject-specific skills * The design of simple electronic control systems * The selection of an appropriate control

  18. Approved Module Information for EE4ECS, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Electronic Control Systems Module Code: EE4ECS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for EE4ECS, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Electronic Control Systems Module of electronic systems. Knowledge and understanding * Theoretical foundations of analysis of control systems with feedback * Methods used in the design of electronic control systems Professional/subject-specific skills

  19. Approved Module Information for EC112C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Geology and Soil Science Module Code: EC112C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for EC112C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Geology and Soil Science Module with an introduction to: geology and rock types; the surface weathering and erosion processes leading to the formation: Knowledge and Understanding i. an appreciation of geological processes and timescale; ii. an understanding

  20. Approved Module Information for EC114C, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: BIM for Construction Module Code: EC114C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    : EC114C School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module? Yes Module with the minimum of detail required for completeness Professional/Subject Specific Skills i. Conveying information creation and manipulation/Window, door and component use Unit 6 ? Floors, roofs and ceilings Unit 7 ? Basic

  1. April 22, 2010 Seismic Reflection VI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Garrett

    ;4/21/2010 2 Reflection configurations Reflection attributes Salt tectonics This profile from Germany displays

  2. Variable area light reflecting assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Howard, T.C.

    1986-12-23

    Device is described for tracking daylight and projecting it into a building. The device tracks the sun and automatically adjusts both the orientation and area of the reflecting surface. The device may be mounted in either a wall or roof of a building. Additionally, multiple devices may be employed in a light shaft in a building, providing daylight to several different floors. The preferred embodiment employs a thin reflective film as the reflecting device. One edge of the reflective film is fixed, and the opposite end is attached to a spring-loaded take-up roller. As the sun moves across the sky, the take-up roller automatically adjusts the angle and surface area of the film. Additionally, louvers may be mounted at the light entrance to the device to reflect incoming daylight in an angle perpendicular to the device to provide maximum reflective capability when daylight enters the device at non-perpendicular angles. 9 figs.

  3. Variable area light reflecting assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Howard, Thomas C. (Raleigh, NC)

    1986-01-01

    Device for tracking daylight and projecting it into a building. The device tracks the sun and automatically adjusts both the orientation and area of the reflecting surface. The device may be mounted in either a wall or roof of a building. Additionally, multiple devices may be employed in a light shaft in a building, providing daylight to several different floors. The preferred embodiment employs a thin reflective film as the reflecting device. One edge of the reflective film is fixed, and the opposite end is attached to a spring-loaded take-up roller. As the sun moves across the sky, the take-up roller automatically adjusts the angle and surface area of the film. Additionally, louvers may be mounted at the light entrance to the device to reflect incoming daylight in an angle perpendicular to the device to provide maximum reflective capability when daylight enters the device at non-perpendicular angles.

  4. http://ltds.ec-lyon.fr L T D S U M R 5 5 1 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dellandréa, Emmanuel

    http://ltds.ec-lyon.fr L T D S U M R 5 5 1 3 Laboratoire de Tribologie et Dynamique des Systèmes http://ltds.ec-lyon.fr http://ltds.ec-lyon.fr LTDS UMR 5513 / ECL �cole Centrale de Lyon 36, avenue Guy de Collongue F - 69134 �cully cedex Tél. +33 (0)4 72 18 62 93 Fax +33 (0)4 78 43 33 83 secretariat.ltds@ec-lyon

  5. EUROPEAN COMMISSION WG F Thematic Workshop on Implementation of the Floods Directive 2007/60/EC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bodini, Antonella

    EUROPEAN COMMISSION WG F Thematic Workshop on Implementation of the Floods Directive 2007/60/EC "FLASH FLOODS AND PLUVIAL FLOODING" 26th ­ 28th May 2010, Cagliari, Italy VULNERABILITY ASSESS EXTREME of Bologna, Bologna Abstract During the last ten years, at least 5 flash floods caused several deaths

  6. CEMP-EC 26 February 1996 APPENDIX C (TM 5-800-4)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    beyond FY 2001. 2. Tri-Service MCP Index (1,000) = 1 October 1979 ENR Historical Building Cost Index (1CEMP-EC 26 February 1996 APPENDIX C (TM 5-800-4) TRI-SERVICE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM (MCP) INDEX FOR FY 1997 THRU FY 2001 PROGRAMS ESCALATION PERCENTAGE DATE INDEX FOR FISCAL YEAR 1 OCT 1993

  7. CEMP-EC 18 February 1997 APPENDIX C (TM 5-800-4)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    beyond FY 2004. 2. Tri-Service MCP Index (1,000) = 1 October 1979 ENR Historical Building Cost Index (1CEMP-EC 18 February 1997 APPENDIX C (TM 5-800-4) TRI-SERVICE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM (MCP) INDEX FOR FY 1998 THRU FY 2004 PROGRAMS ESCALATION PERCENTAGE DATE INDEX FOR FISCAL YEAR 1 OCT 1996

  8. Dependability evaluation of a GNSS and ECS based localisation unit for railway vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Dependability evaluation of a GNSS and ECS based localisation unit for railway vehicles T on the combination of sensors such as a GNSS receiver and an Eddy Current Sensor, is studied. In this paper, we present a procedure and a model, which aims at evaluating the dependability of this system under local

  9. Boston University -Department of Biomedical Engineering ENG BE/EC 765 -Biomedical Optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vajda, Sandor

    Boston University - Department of Biomedical Engineering ENG BE/EC 765 - Biomedical Optics Spring: After the class, or by appointment Recommended textbook: "Biomedical Optics: Principles and Imaging 22 Basics of light Tu. Jan 27 Basics of optics Th. Jan 29 Basics of biology Tu. Feb 3 Microscopy Th

  10. CEMP-EC 13 February 1995 TRI-SERVICE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM (MCP) INDEX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    CEMP-EC 13 February 1995 TABLE IV TRI-SERVICE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM (MCP) INDEX FOR FY 1996 ------------- 1893 1 JUL 1994 ------------- 1908 2.6% 1 OCT 1994 ------------- 1923 --------------- 1 JAN 1995 ------------- 1937 FY 1995 1 APR 1995 ------------- 1945 1 JUL 1995 ------------- 1962 2.9% 1 OCT 1995

  11. First direct determination of the superallowed $?$-decay $Q_{EC}$-value for $^{14}$O

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. A. Valverde; G. Bollen; M. Brodeur; R. A. Bryce; K. Cooper; M. Eibach; K. Gulyuz; C. Izzo; D. J. Morrissey; M. Redshaw; R. Ringle; R. Sandler; S. Schwarz; C. S. Sumithrarachchi; A. C. C. Villari

    2015-03-27

    We report the first direct measurement of the $^{14}\\text{O}$ superallowed Fermi $\\beta$-decay $Q_{EC}$-value, the last of the so-called "traditional nine" superallowed Fermi $\\beta$-decays to be measured with Penning trap mass spectrometry. $^{14}$O, along with the other low-$Z$ superallowed $\\beta$-emitter, $^{10}$C, is crucial for setting limits on the existence of possible scalar currents. The new ground state $Q_{EC}$ value, 5144.364(25) keV, when combined with the energy of the $0^+$ daughter state, $E_x(0^+)=2312.798(11)$~keV [Nucl. Phys. A {\\bf{523}}, 1 (1991)], provides a new determination of the superallowed $\\beta$-decay $Q_{EC}$ value, $Q_{EC}(\\text{sa}) = 2831.566(28)$ keV, with an order of magnitude improvement in precision, and a similar improvement to the calculated statistical rate function $f$. This is used to calculate an improved $\\mathcal{F}t$-value of 3073.8(2.8) s.

  12. An ECS Centennial Series Article A Historical Perspective of Fuel Cell Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleixner, Stacy

    An ECS Centennial Series Article A Historical Perspective of Fuel Cell Technology in the 20th Century M. L. Perry and T. F. Fuller*,z UTC Fuel Cells, LLC,1 South Windsor, Connecticut 06074, USA © 2002 anniversary of The Electrochemical Soci- ety, a retrospective look at the development of fuel cell technology

  13. Ethical Corporation: By Invitation -Climate change: Calling the fossil fuel abolitionists EC Newsdesk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Andrew J.

    Ethical Corporation: By Invitation - Climate change: Calling the fossil fuel abolitionists EC Newsdesk 28 May 08 Where is the green Wilberforce? By Invitation: Climate change: Calling the fossil fuel? The answer lies in the parallels between ending our dependence on fossil- fuels and the abolition of slavery

  14. ME 371K Legal Aspects of Engineering ABET EC2000 syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    to the profession. h, j 10. Awareness of contemporary issues in engineering practice, including economic, social that graduates have the ability to: A. Apply principles of engineering, basic science, and mathematics (includingME 371K ­ Legal Aspects of Engineering Page 1 ABET EC2000 syllabus ME 371K ­ Legal Aspects

  15. Minimum 186 Basin levels required for operation of ECS and CWS pumps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reeves, K.K.; Barbour, K.L.

    1992-10-01

    Operation of K Reactor with a cooling tower requires that 186 Basin loss of inventory transients be considered during Design Basis Accident analyses requiring ECS injection, such as the LOCA and LOPA. Since the cooling tower systems are not considered safety systems, credit is not taken for their continued operation during a LOPA or LOCA even though they would likely continue to operate as designed. Without the continued circulation of cooling water to the 186 Basin by the cooling tower pumps, the 186 Basin will lose inventory until additional make-up can be obtained from the river water supply system. Increasing the make-up to the 186 Basin from the river water system may require the opening of manually operated valves, the starting of additional river water pumps, and adjustments of the flow to L Area. In the time required for these actions a loss of basin inventory could occur. The ECS and CWS pumps are supplied by the 186 Basin. A reduction in the basin level will result in decreased pump suction head. This reduction in suction head will result in decreased output from the pumps and, if severe enough, could lead to pump cavitation for some configurations. The subject of this report is the minimum 186 Basin level required to prevent ECS and CWS pump cavitation. The reduction in ECS flow due to a reduced 186 Basin level without cavitation is part of a separate study.

  16. Antiport Mechanism for Cl in ClC-ec1 from Normal-Mode Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harilal, S. S.

    Antiport Mechanism for ClÀ /Hþ in ClC-ec1 from Normal-Mode Analysis Gennady V. Miloshevsky, Ahmed. It functions as a ClÀ /Hþ anti- porter, not a ClÀ channel; however, the molecular mechanism for ClÀ /Hþ exchange is largely unknown. Using all-atom normal-mode analysis to explore possible mechanisms

  17. ME 337C Introduction to Nuclear Power Systems ABET EC2000 syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    ME 337C ­ Introduction to Nuclear Power Systems Page 1 ABET EC2000 syllabus ME 337C ­ Introduction to Nuclear Power Systems Fall 2009 Required or Elective: Elective 2008-2010 Catalog Data: Radioactivity, nuclear interactions: fission and fusion, fission reactors, nuclear power systems, nuclear power safety

  18. ENG BE/EC 519. Speech Signal Processing Oded Ghitza, Biomedical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vajda, Sandor

    1 ENG BE/EC 519. Speech Signal Processing Oded Ghitza, Biomedical Engineering The goal signal processing, and their applications to contemporary speech technology. The course is organized processing methods for representing and processing the speech signal. Prerequisites: General: A familiarity

  19. ENG BE/EC 519. Speech Processing by Humans and Machines Oded Ghitza, Biomedical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 ENG BE/EC 519. Speech Processing by Humans and Machines Oded Ghitza, Biomedical Engineering perception and speech signal processing, and their applications to contemporary speech technology. The course is organized in a manner that builds a strong foundation of basics, followed by a range of signal processing

  20. NOAA's Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research Roundtable: Extended Continental Shelf (ECS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and oil and gas reserves. They recommended exploring creative ways, such as partnerships, to leverage model #12;simulations to make an economic and societal case that some small investment in ECS mapping will provide a large return on investment in the future. Governance of the Interagency Process The participants

  1. Boston University -College of Engineering Course Number: EC/MS 573 Course Title: Solar Energy Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , recombination and other losses, I-V characteristics, output power; 3) Single junction and triple-junction solar; 2) Solar cell properties and design; p-n junction photodiodes, depletion region, electrostatic field1 Boston University - College of Engineering Course Number: EC/MS 573 Course Title: Solar Energy

  2. Hydro-thermal flow in a rough fracture EC Contract SES6-CT-2003-502706

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toussaint, Renaud

    Hydro-thermal flow in a rough fracture EC Contract SES6-CT-2003-502706 PARTICIPANT ORGANIZATION NAME: CNRS Synthetic 2nd year report Related with Work Package............ HYDRO-THERMAL FLOW in the influence of a realistic geometry of the fracture on its hydro-thermal response. Several studies have

  3. 29-11-061ETSAP Wind power in the EC RES2020 project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    model added Stepwise development of calibration model · Cost data from technology databases · Residual29-11-061ETSAP Wind power in the EC RES2020 project Wind power in technology-rich energy system of Stuttgart, Germany #12;29-11-062ETSAP Wind power in technology-rich energy system optimisation models 1

  4. Coal laboratory characterisation for CO2 geological storage E.C. Gaucher1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Coal laboratory characterisation for CO2 geological storage E.C. Gaucher1 *, P.D.C. Défossez1 storage of CO2 in unmineable coal seams could be a very interesting option in the sustainable management of coal basins. However, the various chemical and physical parameters that determine the success

  5. Education: Early Childhood Studies (ECS) Page 111Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog EDUCATION: EARLY CHILDHOOD STUDIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    Education: Early Childhood Studies (ECS) Page 111Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog EDUCATION: EARLY CHILDHOOD STUDIES (ECS) DEPARTMENT OFFICE Stevenson 1078 (707) 664 3238 fax: (707) 664 2483 a major in Early Childhood Studies, a minor in Early Childhood Studies and a Master of Arts in education

  6. Attack on Han et al.'s ID-based Confirmer (Undeniable) Signature at ACM-EC'03

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Attack on Han et al.'s ID-based Confirmer (Undeniable) Signature at ACM-EC'03 Fangguo Zhang of Wollongong, NSW 2522 Australia {fangguo, rei, wsusilo}@uow.edu.au Abstract. At the fourth ACM conference for construction of ID-based cryptographic schemes. At the fourth ACM conference on electronic commerce (EC'03), S

  7. Plasma rotation and NTM onset driven by central EC deposition in TCV tokamak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nowak, S.; Lazzaro, E. [Istituto di Fisica del Plasma CNR, Euratom Association, 20125 Milano (Italy); Sauter, O.; Canal, G.; Duval, B.; Federspiel, L.; Karpushov, A. N.; Kim, D.; Reimerders, H.; Rossel, J.; Testa, D.; Wagner, D. [Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas (CRPP), Association EURATOM-Confederation Suisse, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Raju, D. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat (India); Collaboration: TCV Team

    2014-02-12

    The effects of the central electron cyclotron heating (ECH) and current drive (ECCD) on the spontaneous plasma rotation and on the presence of Tearing Modes (TM), observed in the TCV tokamak[1], were recently investigated as an interplay between the toroidal velocity and NTM onset in absence of sawteeth, ELMs and error fields [2–3]. In a set of reproducible TCV discharges (I{sub p}? ?150 kA, B{sub t}? ?1.4 T, ne,{sub av?} 1.5 10{sup 19} m{sup ?3}, T{sub e}? 3 keV and T{sub i}?0.25 keV, q{sub 95}?5.8) with both pure EC heating and current drive the cnt-Ip toroidal velocity was observed to be reduced with subsequent co-Ip appearance of 3/2 and 2/1 modes during the ramp up EC phases. The understanding of the capability of the on-axis EC power to modify the rotation profiles before and after the TM onset and of the sudden disappearance of 3/2 mode when 2/1 starts is the main purpose of this work. The velocity profile modifications are due to a direct effect of the EC absorbed power and also related to some variation of the perpendicular diffusion of the toroidal momentum and to magnetic braking effects of the kind of neoclassical toroidal viscosity (NTV) due to the NTM resonant field perturbations associated to the presence of TM. Numerical investigations are performed using a 1D toroidal momentum balance equation including contributions by external sources, as EC power, and NTV torques. Furthermore, the combined evolution of the 3/2 and 2/1 modes requires considering also coupling effects included in a generalized Rutherford equation for the modelling of the TM time growth.

  8. Demonstration of sawtooth period control with EC waves in KSTAR plasma

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Jeong, J. H.; Bae, Y. S.; Joung, M.; Kim, D.; Goodman, T. P.; Sauter, O.; Sakamoto, K.; Kajiwara, K.; Oda, Y.; Kwak, J. G.; et al

    2015-03-12

    The sawtooth period control in tokamak is important issue in recent years because the sawtooth crash can trigger TM/NTM instabilities and drive plasmas unstable. The control of sawtooth period by the modification of local current profile near the q=1 surface using ECCD has been demonstrated in a number of tokamaks [1, 2] including KSTAR. As a result, developing techniques to control the sawtooth period as a way of controlling the onset of NTM has been an important area of research in recent years [3]. In 2012 KSTAR plasma campaign, the sawtooth period control is carried out by the different depositionmore »position of EC waves across the q=1 surface. The sawtooth period is shortened by on-axis co-ECCD (destabilization), and the stabilization of the sawtooth is also observed by off-axis co-ECCD at outside q=1 surface. In 2013 KSTAR plasma campaign, the sawtooth locking experiment with periodic forcing of 170 GHz EC wave is carried out to control the sawtooth period. The optimal target position which lengthens the sawtooth period is investigated by performing a scan of EC beam deposition position nearby q=1 surface at the toroidal magnetic field of 2.9 T and plasma current of 0.7 MA. The sawtooth locking by the modulated EC beam is successfully demonstrated as in [3-5] with the scan of modulation-frequency and duty-ratio at the low beta (?N~0.5) plasma. In this paper, the sawteeth behavior by the location of EC beam and the preliminary result of the sawtooth locking experiments in KSTAR will be presented.« less

  9. Downflow dryout in a heated ribbed vertical annulus with a cosine power profile (Results from test series ECS-2, WSR, and ECS-2cE)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larson, T.K.; Anderson, J.L.; Condie, K.G.

    1990-12-01

    Experiments designed to investigate surface dryout in a heated, ribbed annulus test section simulating one of the annular coolant channels of a Savannah River Plant production reactor Mark 22 fuel assembly have been conducted at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. The inner surface of the annulus was constructed of aluminum and was electrically heated to provide an axial cosine power profile and a flat azimuthal power shape. Data presented in this report are from the ECS-2, WSR, and ECS-2cE series of tests. These experiments were conducted to examine the onset of wall thermal excursion for a range of flow, inlet fluid temperature, and annulus outlet pressure. Hydraulic boundary conditions on the test section represent flowrates (0.1--1.4 1/s), inlet fluid temperatures (293--345 K), and outlet pressures (-18--139.7 cm of water relative to the bottom of the heated length (61--200 cm of water relative to the bottom of the lower plenum)) expected to occur during the Emergency Coolant System (ECS) phase of postulated Loss-of-Coolant Accident in a production reactor. The onset of thermal excursion based on the present data is consistent with data gathered in test rigs with flat axial power profiles. The data indicate that wall dryout is primarily a function of liquid superficial velocity. Air entrainment rate was observed to be a strong function of the boundary conditions (primarily flowrate and liquid temperature), but had a minor effect on the power at the onset of thermal excursion for the range of conditions examined. 14 refs., 33 figs., 13 tabs.

  10. Comparison of EC-Kit with Quanti-Tray[tm] : testing, verification, and drinking water quality mapping in Capiz Province, Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuang, Patty

    2010-01-01

    This thesis accomplishes three tasks. First, it verifies the EC-Kit under different water source conditions by comparing it to a laboratory standard method, the IDEXX Quanti-Tray[tm]. The EC-Kit is a simple, inexpensive ...

  11. Bibliography for EC'12 Tutorial: The Diffusion of Networking Techologies Sharon Goldberg Social Sciences. E. Rogers pioneering book on the social science of diffusion has seen five

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Sharon

    Bibliography for EC'12 Tutorial: The Diffusion of Networking Techologies Sharon Goldberg Background­27, 1969. 1 June 7, 2012 #12;Bibliography for EC'12 Tutorial: The Diffusion of Networking Techologies

  12. Subject Responses to Electrochromic Windows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clear, Robert; Inkarojrit, Vorapat; Lee, Eleanor

    2006-01-01

    conventional glazings”, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cellscommercial buildings”, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells

  13. Assessing EC-4 preservice teachers' mathematics knowledge for teaching fractions concepts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Kimberly Boddie

    2008-10-10

    for development of preservice teachers’ subject matter knowledge. According to Ma (1999), teacher preparation programs are the point in a preservice teacher’s education where 15 “mathematical competence starts to be connected to a primary concern about... OF SCIENCE August 2008 Major Subject: Curriculum and Instruction ASSESSING EC-4 PRESERVICE TEACHERS’ MATHEMATICS KNOWLEDGE FOR TEACHING FRACTIONS CONCEPTS A Thesis by KIMBERLY BODDIE WRIGHT Submitted...

  14. Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) Jump to:

  15. EN Official Journal of the European Communities 30.12.2000L 336/14 COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 2889/2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    EN Official Journal of the European Communities 30.12.2000L 336/14 COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 2889/2000 of 22 December 2000 amending Regulation (EC) No 1334/2000 with regard to intra-Community transfers the Commission, Whereas: (1) Under Council Regulation (EC) No 1334/2000 of 22 June 2000 setting up a Community

  16. Polarization-dependent infrared reflectivity study of Sr???Ca????Cu??O?? under pressure: Charge dynamics, charge distribution, and anisotropy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Frank, S.; Huecker, M.; Huber, A.; Ammerahl, U.; Kuntscher, C. A.

    2014-12-18

    We present a polarization-dependent infrared reflectivity study of the spin-ladder compound Sr???Ca????Cu??O?? under pressure. The optical response is strongly anisotropic, with the highest reflectivity along the ladders/chains (E?c) revealing a metallic character. For the polarization direction perpendicular to the ladder plane, an insulating behavior is observed. With increasing pressure the optical conductivity for E?c shows a strong increase, which is most pronounced below 2000cm?¹. According to the spectral weight analysis of the E?c optical conductivity the hole concentration in the ladders increases with increasing pressure and tends to saturate at high pressure. At ~7.5 GPa the number of holes permore »Cu atom in the ladders has increased by ??=0.09(±0.01), and the Cu valence in the ladders has reached the value +2.33. The optical data suggest that Sr???Ca????Cu??O?? remains electronically highly anisotropic up to high pressure, also at low temperatures.« less

  17. Polarization-dependent infrared reflectivity study of Sr???Ca????Cu??O?? under pressure: Charge dynamics, charge distribution, and anisotropy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank, S.; Huecker, M.; Huber, A.; Ammerahl, U.; Kuntscher, C. A.

    2014-12-18

    We present a polarization-dependent infrared reflectivity study of the spin-ladder compound Sr???Ca????Cu??O?? under pressure. The optical response is strongly anisotropic, with the highest reflectivity along the ladders/chains (E?c) revealing a metallic character. For the polarization direction perpendicular to the ladder plane, an insulating behavior is observed. With increasing pressure the optical conductivity for E?c shows a strong increase, which is most pronounced below 2000cm?¹. According to the spectral weight analysis of the E?c optical conductivity the hole concentration in the ladders increases with increasing pressure and tends to saturate at high pressure. At ~7.5 GPa the number of holes per Cu atom in the ladders has increased by ??=0.09(±0.01), and the Cu valence in the ladders has reached the value +2.33. The optical data suggest that Sr???Ca????Cu??O?? remains electronically highly anisotropic up to high pressure, also at low temperatures.

  18. Low reflectance radio frequency load

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ives, R. Lawrence; Mizuhara, Yosuke M

    2014-04-01

    A load for traveling microwave energy has an absorptive volume defined by cylindrical body enclosed by a first end cap and a second end cap. The first end cap has an aperture for the passage of an input waveguide with a rotating part that is coupled to a reflective mirror. The inner surfaces of the absorptive volume consist of a resistive material or are coated with a coating which absorbs a fraction of incident RF energy, and the remainder of the RF energy reflects. The angle of the reflector and end caps is selected such that reflected RF energy dissipates an increasing percentage of the remaining RF energy at each reflection, and the reflected RF energy which returns to the rotating mirror is directed to the back surface of the rotating reflector, and is not coupled to the input waveguide. Additionally, the reflector may have a surface which generates a more uniform power distribution function axially and laterally, to increase the power handling capability of the RF load. The input waveguide may be corrugated for HE11 mode input energy.

  19. Reflections on our Past, Present, and Future

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reflections on our Past, Present, and Future Reflections on our Past, Present, and Future Print Reflecting on 2014, I'd first point to our impressive science (see many highlights...

  20. Understanding teacher beliefs with reflective tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karwan, Vanessa Ann

    2009-01-01

    fieldbook: Strategies and tools for building a learningBeliefs with Reflective Tools by Vanessa Ann Karwan Doctoraudio-visual technology as a tool for reflection in teacher

  1. A look at the ocean in the EC-Earth climate model Andreas Sterl Richard Bintanja Laurent Brodeau Emily Gleeson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haak, Hein

    to the special issue on EC-Earth, a global climate and earth system model based on the seasonal forecast system-011-1239-2 #12;phytoplankton) processes are involved. To study such complex interactions, Earth System Models

  2. Data:12a45141-7972-4ec8-a2dc-37fedc8133d3 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ec8-a2dc-37fedc8133d3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic...

  3. Chemisorption and anodic oxidation of aromatic molecules on Pd electrode surfaces: studies by UHV-EC-STM 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xiaole

    2006-04-12

    The chemisorption and anodic oxidation of hydroquinone (H2Q) and benzoquinone (BQ) at palladium electrode surfaces was studied by a combination of electrochemistry (EC), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), high-resolution electron...

  4. Analysis of Well ER-EC-1 Testing, Western Pahute Mesa-Oasis Valley FY 2000 Testing Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2002-09-30

    This report documents the analysis of the data collected for Well ER-EC-1 during the Western Pahute Mesa - Oasis Valley (WPM-OV) well development and testing program that was conducted during fiscal year (FY) 2000. The data collection for that program is documented in Appendix A, Western Pahute Mesa - Oasis Valley, Well ER-EC-1 Data Report for Development and Hydraulic Testing.

  5. Analysis of Well ER-EC-8 testing, Western Pahute Mesa-Oasis Valley FY 2000 testing program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2002-09-30

    This report documents the analysis of the data collected for Well ER-EC-8 during the Western Pahute Mesa - Oasis Valley (WPM-OV) well development and testing program that was conducted during fiscal year (FY) 2000. The data collection for that program is documented in Appendix A, Western Pahute Mesa-Oasis Valley, Well ER-EC-8 Data Report for development and Hydraulic Testing.

  6. Analysis of Well ER-EC-4 Testing, Western Pahute Mesa-Oasis Valley FY 2000 Testing Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2002-09-30

    This report documents the analysis of the data collected for Well ER-EC-4 during the Western Pahute Mesa-Oasis Valley (WPM-OV) well development and testing program that was conducted during fiscal year (FY) 2000. The data collection for that program is documented in Appendix A, Western Pahute Mesa - Oasis Valley, Well ER-EC-4 Data Report for Development and Hydraulic Testing.

  7. Analysis of Well ER-EC-5 Testing, Western Pahute Mesa-Oasis Valley FY 2000 Testing Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2002-09-30

    This report documents the analysis of the data collected for Well ER-EC-5 during the Western Pahute Mesa - Oasis Valley (WPM-OV) well development and testing program that was conducted during fiscal year (FY) 2000. The data collection for that program is documented in Appendix A, Western Pahute Mesa - Oasis Valley, Well ER-EC-5 Data Report for Development and Hydraulic Testing.

  8. Analysis of Well ER-EC-6 Testing, Western Pahute Mesa - Oasis Valley FY 2000 Testing Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2002-09-30

    This report documents the analysis of the data collected for Well ER-EC-6 during the Western Pahute Mesa-Oasis Valley (WPM-OV) well development and testing program that was conducted during fiscal year (FY) 2000. The data collection for that program is documented in Appendix A, Western Pahute Mesa-Oasis Valley, Well ER-EC-6 Data Report for Development and Hydraulic Testing.

  9. December2010 AboutReflections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Jens-Dominik

    in the student-nominated category. In addition we focus on a range of innovations in teaching, learning of Reflections, the newsletter which focuses on teaching, learning and assessment in Queen's and more generally and this time focused on Increasing Students' Satisfaction in the context of the National Student Survey (NSS

  10. Nonhyperbolic reflection moveout for orthorhombic media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Dajani, A.

    2002-01-01

    Reflection moveout in azimuthally anisotropic media is not only azimuthally dependent but it is also

  11. Mexico-EC-LEDS in the Agriculture Sector | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation,Mereg GmbH Jump to:EC-LEDS in the Agriculture Sector Jump

  12. Vietnam-EC-LEDS in the Agriculture Sector | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) JumpGTZUtilityInformation Research Center forEC-LEDS

  13. L3:EC.P9.05 CASL Summer Workshop

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse Bergkamp Graduate student Subtask 4Photo4>EC.P9.05 CASL Summer Workshop

  14. Sandia Energy - EC, DHS's S&T Directorate, Federal Emergency Management

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) byMultidayAlumniProjectsCyberNot ChemistryEC Home

  15. Reflection positivity in simplicial gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Schrader

    2015-10-21

    Within the context of piecewise linear manifolds we establish reflection positivity with a Hilbert action given in terms of the Regge curvature and a cosmological term. Using this positivity a Hilbert space for a quantum theory is constructed and some field operators and observables are given. The set-up allows to introduce time reversal though no time exists. All constructions are non-perturbative.

  16. Dobrushin Interfaces via Reflection Positivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Senya Shlosman; Yvon Vignaud

    2007-04-13

    We study the interfaces separating different phases of 3D systems by means of the Reflection Positivity method. We treat discrete non-linear sigma-models, which exhibit power-law decay of correlations at low temperatures, and we prove the rigidity property of the interface. Our method is applicable to the Ising and Potts models, where it simplifies the derivation of some known results. The method also works for large-entropy systems of continuous spins.

  17. Reflections for quantum query algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben W. Reichardt

    2010-05-10

    We show that any boolean function can be evaluated optimally by a quantum query algorithm that alternates a certain fixed, input-independent reflection with a second reflection that coherently queries the input string. Originally introduced for solving the unstructured search problem, this two-reflections structure is therefore a universal feature of quantum algorithms. Our proof goes via the general adversary bound, a semi-definite program (SDP) that lower-bounds the quantum query complexity of a function. By a quantum algorithm for evaluating span programs, this lower bound is known to be tight up to a sub-logarithmic factor. The extra factor comes from converting a continuous-time query algorithm into a discrete-query algorithm. We give a direct and simplified quantum algorithm based on the dual SDP, with a bounded-error query complexity that matches the general adversary bound. Therefore, the general adversary lower bound is tight; it is in fact an SDP for quantum query complexity. This implies that the quantum query complexity of the composition f(g,...,g) of two boolean functions f and g matches the product of the query complexities of f and g, without a logarithmic factor for error reduction. It further shows that span programs are equivalent to quantum query algorithms.

  18. Structures of {sup 201}Po and {sup 205}Rn from EC/{beta}{sup +}-decay studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deo, A. Y.; Podolyak, Zs.; Walker, P. M.; Farrelly, G.; Gelletly, W. [Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH (United Kingdom); Algora, A. [IFIC, CSIC - Universidad de Valencia, E-46071 (Spain); Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Debrecen, H-4001 (Hungary); Rubio, B.; Agramunt, J.; Estevez, E. [IFIC, CSIC - Universidad de Valencia, E-46071 (Spain); Fraile, L. M. [Grupo de Fisica Nuclear, Facultad CC. Fisicas, Universidad Complutense, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Al-Dahan, N. [Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH (United Kingdom); Department of Physics, University of Kerbala, Kerbala (Iraq); Alkhomashi, N. [Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH (United Kingdom); KACST, P.O. Box 6086, Riyadh 11442 (Saudi Arabia); Briz, J. A.; Maira, A. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Herlert, A. [ISOLDE, PH Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva (Switzerland); Koester, U. [Institut Laue Langevin, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Singla, S. [Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi-110 016 (India)

    2010-02-15

    Several low-lying excited states in {sub 86}{sup 205}Rn{sub 119} and {sub 84}{sup 201}Po{sub 117} were identified for the first time following EC/{beta}{sup +} decay of {sup 205}Fr and {sup 201}At, respectively, using {gamma}-ray and conversion electron spectroscopy at the CERN isotope separator on-line (ISOLDE) facility. The EC/{beta}{sup +} branch from {sup 205}Fr was measured to be 1.5(2)%. The excited states of the daughter nuclei are understood in terms of the odd nucleon coupling to the neighboring even-even core. The neutron single-particle energies of the p{sub 3/2} orbital relative to the f{sub 5/2} ground state in {sup 205}Rn, and the f{sub 5/2} orbital relative to the p{sub 3/2} ground state in {sup 201}Po, were determined to be 31.4(2) and 5.7(3) keV, respectively. We tentatively identify a (13/2){sup +} isomeric level at 657.1(5) keV in {sup 205}Rn. The systematic behavior of the (13/2){sup +} and (3/2){sup -} levels is also discussed.

  19. Mirror: Visually reflecting C{sup ++}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orosco, R.; Campo, M.; Sole, J.P.

    1995-12-31

    Reflection is the ability of a system to inspect and change a model of itself. This ability allows to transparently control and extend the functionality of an existing system without performing any changes to the system itself. In dynamic object-oriented languages like CLOS or Smalltalk. the reflective ability is supported directly by the language. In C++, in contrast, reflection must be provided by some form of code annotation and pre-processing. In most cases, this approach either requires modification of the system code, or just supports the reflection of entire classes but not the reflection of determined objects. This work presents the Mirror environment that supports C++ reflective programming through visual association of meta-classes to classes. It allows full transparent reflection of objects using three-dimensional presentations of the different architecture levels. The environment adds reflective ability to C++ classes without any code modification visible to the user, as well as dynamically selective reflection of objects.

  20. REFLECT HOME | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy AEnergyPresidentialThis 3-D rendering of apumptheDrivingREEEDecemberREFLECT HOME

  1. REFLECT HOME | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy AEnergyPresidentialThis 3-D rendering of apumptheDrivingREEEDecemberREFLECT

  2. Conference-EC-US Task Force Joint US-EU Workshop on Metabolomics and Environmental Biotechnology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PI: Lily Y. Young; Co-PI: Gerben J. Zylstra

    2009-06-04

    Since 1990, the EC-US Task Force on Biotechnology Research has been coordinating transatlantic efforts to guide and exploit the ongoing revolution in biotechnology and the life sciences. The Task Force was established in June 1990 by the European Commission and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. The Task Force has acted as an effective forum for discussion, coordination, and development of new ideas for the last 18 years. Task Force members are European Commission and US Government science and technology administrators who meet annually to enhance communication across the Atlantic, and to encourage collaborative research. Through sponsoring workshops, and other activities, the Task Force also brings together scientific leaders and early career researchers from both sides of the Atlantic to forecast research challenges and opportunities and to promote better links between researchers. Over the years, by keeping a focus on the future of science, the Task Force has played a key role in establishing a diverse range of emerging scientific fields, including biodiversity research, neuroinformatics, genomics, nanobiotechnology, neonatal immunology, transkingdom molecular biology, biologically-based fuels, and environmental biotechnology. The EC-US Task Force has sponsored a number of Working Groups on topics of mutual transatlantic interest. The idea to create a Working Group on Environmental Biotechnology research was discussed in the Task Force meeting of October 1993. The EC-US Working Group on Environmental Biotechnology set as its mission 'To train the next generation of leaders in environmental biotechnology in the United States and the European Union to work collaboratively across the Atlantic.' Since 1995, the Working Group supported three kinds of activities, all of which focus one early career scientists: (1) Workshops on the use of molecular methods and genomics in environmental biotechnology; (2) Short courses with theoretical, laboratory and field elements; and (3) Short term exchange fellowships. The short term exchange fellowships were created to enable young scientists to develop collaborations with colleagues across the Atlantic and to learn a new skill or expertise in the area of environmental biotechnology.

  3. Discharge lamp with reflective jacket

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD); Kipling, Kent (Gaithersburg, MD)

    2001-01-01

    A discharge lamp includes an envelope, a fill which emits light when excited disposed in the envelope, a source of excitation power coupled to the fill to excite the fill and cause the fill to emit light, and a reflector disposed around the envelope and defining an opening, the reflector being configured to reflect some of the light emitted by the fill back into the fill while allowing some light to exit through the opening. The reflector may be made from a material having a similar thermal index of expansion as compared to the envelope and which is closely spaced to the envelope. The envelope material may be quartz and the reflector material may be either silica or alumina. The reflector may be formed as a jacket having a rigid structure which does not adhere to the envelope. The lamp may further include an optical clement spaced from the envelope and configured to reflect an unwanted component of light which exited the envelope back into the envelope through the opening in the reflector. Light which can be beneficially recaptured includes selected wavelength regions, a selected polarization, and selected angular components.

  4. Pahute Mesa Well Development and Testing Analyses for Wells ER-20-7, ER-20-8 #2, and ER-EC-11, Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greg Ruskauff

    2011-12-01

    This report analyzes the following data collected from ER-20-7, ER-20-8 No.2, and ER-EC-11 during WDT operations: (1) Chemical indicators of well development (Section 2.0); (2) Static hydraulic head (Section 3.0); (3) Radiochemistry and geochemistry (Section 4.0); (4) Drawdown observed at locations distal to the pumping well (Section 5.0); and (5) Drilling water production, flow logs, and temperature logs (Section 6.0). The new data are further considered with respect to existing data as to how they enhance or change interpretations of groundwater flow and transport, and an interim small-scale conceptual model is also developed and compared to Phase I concepts. The purpose of well development is to remove drilling fluids and drilling-associated fines from the formation adjacent to a well so samples reflecting ambient groundwater water quality can be collected, and to restore hydraulic properties near the well bore. Drilling fluids can contaminate environmental samples from the well, resulting in nonrepresentative measurements. Both drilling fluids and preexisting fines in the formation adjacent to the well can impede the flow of water from the formation to the well, creating artifacts in hydraulic response data measured in the well.

  5. A Reflective Symmetry Descriptor Michael Kazhdan,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that it does. The objective of our work is to define a continuous measure of reflective symmetry (over any on the sphere in proportion to the measure of reflective symmetry about the #12;Fig. 1. A visualization vectors on the sphere in proportion to the measure of reflective symmetry about the plane through

  6. Evalutation and network of ec-decision support systems in the field of hydrological dispension models and of aquatic radioecological research Assessment of environmental models anf software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monte, L; Hofman, Dimitry

    2005-01-01

    Evalutation and network of ec-decision support systems in the field of hydrological dispension models and of aquatic radioecological research

  7. Response to Consultation on the UK implementation of the Directive on the enforcement of intellectual property rights (2004/48/EC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Abbe; Waelde, Charlotte

    Response by Brown and Waelde to the Patent Office's consultation on the UK implementation of the directive on the enforcement of intellectual property rights 2004/48/EC

  8. Condenser optic with sacrificial reflective surface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tichenor, Daniel A. (Castro Valley, CA); Kubiak, Glenn D. (Livermore, CA); Lee, Sung Hun (Sunnyvale, CA)

    2007-07-03

    Employing collector optics that has a sacrificial reflective surface can significantly prolong the useful life of the collector optics and the overall performance of the condenser in which the collector optics are incorporated. The collector optics is normally subject to erosion by debris from laser plasma source of radiation. The presence of an upper sacrificial reflective surface over the underlying reflective surface effectively increases the life of the optics while relaxing the constraints on the radiation source. Spatial and temporally varying reflectivity that results from the use of the sacrificial reflective surface can be accommodated by proper condenser design.

  9. Condenser optic with sacrificial reflective surface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tichenor, Daniel A.; Kubiak, Glenn D.; Lee, Sang Hun

    2006-07-25

    Employing collector optics that have a sacrificial reflective surface can significantly prolong the useful life of the collector optics and the overall performance of the condenser in which the collector optics are incorporated. The collector optics are normally subject to erosion by debris from laser plasma source of radiation. The presence of an upper sacrificial reflective surface over the underlying reflective surface effectively increases the life of the optics while relaxing the constraints on the radiation source. Spatial and temporally varying reflectivity that results from the use of the sacrificial reflective surface can be accommodated by proper condenser design.

  10. Aero III/IV Conformal Mapping Handout 1 A. G. Walton Under the transformation ' sE5 ' E%c+ n E%c+c a set of points in the 5E%c+ plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walton, Andrew G

    Aero III/IV Conformal Mapping Handout 1 A. G. Walton Maps Under the transformation ' sE5 ' E%c+ n with centre off the real axis transforms to an aerofoil with camber (iii). #12;Aero III/IV Conformal Mapping

  11. Polarization-dependent infrared reflectivity study of Sr2.5Ca11.5Cu24O41 under pressure: Charge dynamics, charge distribution, and anisotropy

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Frank, S.; Huber, A.; Ammerahl, U.; Hücker, M.; Kuntscher, C. A.

    2014-12-18

    We present a polarization-dependent infrared reflectivity study of the spin-ladder compound Sr???Ca????Cu??O?? under pressure. The optical response is strongly anisotropic, with the highest reflectivity along the ladders/chains (E?c) revealing a metallic character. For the polarization direction perpendicular to the ladder plane, an insulating behavior is observed. With increasing pressure the optical conductivity for E?c shows a strong increase, which is most pronounced below 2000cm?¹. According to the spectral weight analysis of the E?c optical conductivity the hole concentration in the ladders increases with increasing pressure and tends to saturate at high pressure. At ~7.5 GPa the number of holes permore »Cu atom in the ladders has increased by ??=0.09(±0.01), and the Cu valence in the ladders has reached the value +2.33. Thus, the optical data suggest that Sr???Ca????Cu??O?? remains electronically highly anisotropic up to high pressure, also at low temperatures.« less

  12. Thermal stability of LiPF6EC:EMC electrolyte for lithium ion batteries Gerardine G. Bottea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thermal stability of LiPF6±EC:EMC electrolyte for lithium ion batteries Gerardine G. Bottea , Ralph scanning calorimeter; Lithium ion batteries; Electrolyte; Thermal stability; Decomposition 1. Introduction Despite the improvement and developments in safety of the lithium ion batteries (PTC, CID, shutdown

  13. Crystal Structures of a Plant Trypsin Inhibitor from Enterolobium contortisiliquum (EcTI) and of Its Complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laboratory, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America, 2 Departamento de Bioqui´mica, Universidade Federal de Sa~o Paulo, Sa~o Paulo, Brazil, 3 Unidade Butantan, Sa~o Paulo, Brazil Abstract A serine protease inhibitor from Enterolobium contortisiliquum (Ec

  14. doi: 10.1149/1.3569920 2011, Volume 35, Issue 3, Pages 271-276.ECS Trans.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Enrico

    . Bardarson and Piet W. Brouwer Klein Tunneling in Graphene p-n-p Junctions service Email alerting click ECS - The Electrochemical Society #12;Klein tunneling in graphene p-n-p junctions E. Rossi1 , J. H of graphene p-n-p junctions. We first analyze the ideal case of a clean system and then study the realistic

  15. Searching for electrovac solutions to Einstein--Maxwell equations with the help of computer algebra system GRG-EC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. I. Tertychniy

    1998-10-18

    An example of application of the specialized computer algebra system Grg-EC to the searching for solutions to the source-free Maxwell and Einstein--Maxwell equations is demonstrated. The solution involving five arbitrary functions of two variables is presented in explicit form (up to quadratures). An emphasis is made on the characterizing of the software utilized.

  16. Rapid 3D Seismic Source Inversion Using Windows Azure and Amazon EC2 Vedaprakash Subramanian, Hongyi Ma,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Liqiang

    Rapid 3D Seismic Source Inversion Using Windows Azure and Amazon EC2 Vedaprakash Subramanian seismic source inversion on both cluster (specif- ically, MPI-based) and cloud computing (specifically to seismic source in- version is feasible and has its advantages. In addition, we notice that both cluster

  17. Thermonuclear Reflect AB-Reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Bolonkin

    2008-03-26

    The author offers a new kind of thermonuclear reflect reactor. The remarkable feature of this new reactor is a three net AB reflector, which confines the high temperature plasma. The plasma loses part of its energy when it contacts with the net but this loss can be compensated by an additional permanent plasma heating. When the plasma is rarefied (has a small density), the heat flow to the AB reflector is not large and the temperature in the triple reflector net is lower than 2000 - 3000 K. This offered AB-reactor has significantly less power then the currently contemplated power reactors with magnetic or inertial confinement (hundreds-thousands of kW, not millions of kW). But it is enough for many vehicles and ships and particularly valuable for tunnelers, subs and space apparatus, where air to burn chemical fuel is at a premium or simply not available. The author has made a number of innovations in this reactor, researched its theory, developed methods of computation, made a sample computation of typical project. The main point of preference for the offered reactor is its likely cheapness as a power source. Key words: Micro-thermonuclear reactor, Multi-reflex AB-thermonuclear reactor, Self-magnetic AB-thermonuclear reactor, aerospace thermonuclear engine.

  18. Photovoltaic module with light reflecting backskin

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gonsiorawski, Ronald C. (Danvers, MA)

    2007-07-03

    A photovoltaic module comprises electrically interconnected and mutually spaced photovoltaic cells that are encapsulated by a light-transmitting encapsulant between a light-transparent front cover and a back cover, with the back cover sheet being an ionomer/nylon alloy embossed with V-shaped grooves running in at least two directions and coated with a light reflecting medium so as to provide light-reflecting facets that are aligned with the spaces between adjacent cells and oriented so as to reflect light falling in those spaces back toward said transparent front cover for further internal reflection onto the solar cells, whereby substantially all of the reflected light will be internally reflected from said cover sheet back to the photovoltaic cells, thereby increasing the current output of the module. The internal reflector improves power output by as much as 67%.

  19. Does Shareholder Voting Reflect Shareholder Preferences?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Listokin, Yair Jason

    2007-01-01

    =980422. Kamar, Ehud. 2006. “Does Shareholder Voting onDoes Shareholder Voting Reflect Shareholder Preferences?contests. The literature that does exist is methodologically

  20. Measuring Light Reflectance of BGO Crystal Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janecek, Martin

    2009-01-01

    Carlo program simulating light propagation in isotropic orTerms—Lambertian reflection, light collection, Monte Carloy-axis) and fraction specular light (right y- axis) for a

  1. US--EC fuel cycle study: Background document to the approach and issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cantor, Robin; Russell, Lee; Krupnick, Alan; Smith, Hilary; Schaffhauser, Jr., A.; Barnthouse, Larry; Cada, Glen; Kroodsma, Roger; Turner, Robb; Easterly, Clay; Jones, Troyce; Burtraw, Dallas; Harrington, Winston; Freeman, A. Myrick

    1992-11-01

    In February 1991, DOE and the Commission of the European Communities (EC), signed a joint statement regarding the external costs of fuel cycles. This 18-month agreement committed their respective organizations to develop a comparative analytical methodology and to develop the best range of estimates of external costs from secondary sources'' for eight fuel cycles and four conservation options. In our study, a fuel cycle is defined as the series of physical and chemical processes and activities that are required to generate electricity from a specific fuel or resource. This foundation phase of the study is primarily limited to developing and demonstrating methods for estimating impacts and their monetized value, what we term damages'' or benefits,'' leaving aside the extent to which such damages have been internalized. However, Appendix C provides the conceptual framework for evaluating the extent of internalization. This report is a background document to introduce the study approach and to discuss the major conceptual and practical issues entailed by the incremental damage problem. As a background document, the report seeks to communicate an overview of the study and the important methodological choices that were made to conduct the research. In successive sections of the report, the methodological tools used in the study are discussed; the ecological and health impacts are reviewed using the coal fuel cycle as a reference case; and, in the final chapter, the methods for valuing impacts are detailed.

  2. US--EC fuel cycle study: Background document to the approach and issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cantor, Robin; Lee, Russell

    1992-11-01

    In February 1991, DOE and the Commission of the European Communities (EC), signed a joint statement regarding the external costs of fuel cycles. This 18-month agreement committed their respective organizations to ``develop a comparative analytical methodology and to develop the best range of estimates of external costs from secondary sources`` for eight fuel cycles and four conservation options. In our study, a fuel cycle is defined as the series of physical and chemical processes and activities that are required to generate electricity from a specific fuel or resource. This foundation phase of the study is primarily limited to developing and demonstrating methods for estimating impacts and their monetized value, what we term ``damages`` or ``benefits,`` leaving aside the extent to which such damages have been internalized. However, Appendix C provides the conceptual framework for evaluating the extent of internalization. This report is a background document to introduce the study approach and to discuss the major conceptual and practical issues entailed by the incremental damage problem. As a background document, the report seeks to communicate an overview of the study and the important methodological choices that were made to conduct the research. In successive sections of the report, the methodological tools used in the study are discussed; the ecological and health impacts are reviewed using the coal fuel cycle as a reference case; and, in the final chapter, the methods for valuing impacts are detailed.

  3. April 15, 2010 Seismic Reflection IV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Garrett

    Distance Migration Example 1 Migration Example 2 Migration Example 2 Migration "smiles" DEPTH SECTIONS' Dipping Reflections Move down dip and lengthen; dips become shallower We need to migrate reflections back to their original locations Migration #12;4/15/2010 2 A simple geometric method of migration is possible

  4. Identification coding schemes for modulated reflectance systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Coates, Don M. (Santa Fe, NM); Briles, Scott D. (Los Alamos, NM); Neagley, Daniel L. (Albuquerque, NM); Platts, David (Santa Fe, NM); Clark, David D. (Santa Fe, NM)

    2006-08-22

    An identifying coding apparatus employing modulated reflectance technology involving a base station emitting a RF signal, with a tag, located remotely from the base station, and containing at least one antenna and predetermined other passive circuit components, receiving the RF signal and reflecting back to the base station a modulated signal indicative of characteristics related to the tag.

  5. CSC418 / CSCD18 / CSC2504 Basic Lighting and Reflection 8 Basic Lighting and Reflection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    CSC418 / CSCD18 / CSC2504 Basic Lighting and Reflection 8 Basic Lighting and Reflection Up things, on the lighting that illuminates the scene, and on the interaction of light with the objects in the scene. Some of the basic qualitative properties of lighting and object reflectance that we need

  6. Fresnel Reflection 9.0.3 polarization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

    Chapter 9 Fresnel Reflection 9.0.3 polarization: iE rE tE i r t 1 2 iH rH tH iE rE tE i r t 1 2 i that n1 sin i = n2 sin t (9.2) 45 #12;46 CHAPTER 9. FRESNEL REFLECTION Boundary conditions iH rH tH #12;48 CHAPTER 9. FRESNEL REFLECTION and here Ei + Er = Et (9.16) or Hi Z-1 1 + Hr Z-1 1

  7. Jots : cultivating reflective learning in scratch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenbaum, Eric (Eric Ross)

    2009-01-01

    This thesis introduces the Jots system, a new technology designed to engage children in reflective learning as they work on design projects. Jots enables children to create brief updates, or "jots," describing their ...

  8. Frustrated total internal reflection acoustic field sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kallman, Jeffrey S. (Pleasanton, CA)

    2000-01-01

    A frustrated total internal reflection acoustic field sensor which allows the acquisition of the acoustic field over an entire plane, all at once. The sensor finds use in acoustic holography and acoustic diffraction tomography. For example, the sensor may be produced by a transparent plate with transparent support members tall enough to support one or more flexible membranes at an appropriate height for frustrated total internal reflection to occur. An acoustic wave causes the membrane to deflect away from its quiescent position and thus changes the amount of light that tunnels through the gap formed by the support members and into the membrane, and so changes the amount of light reflected by the membrane. The sensor(s) is illuminated by a uniform tight field, and the reflection from the sensor yields acoustic wave amplitude and phase information which can be picked up electronically or otherwise.

  9. Diffuse reflectance imaging with astronomical applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasinoff, Samuel W.

    Diffuse objects generally tell us little about the surrounding lighting, since the radiance they reflect blurs together incident lighting from many directions. In this paper we discuss how occlusion geometry can help invert ...

  10. GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoj, Toshiaki

    P describe Green functions QO(u)* *). Note that the matrix is completely determined GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS University of Tokyo Noda, Chiba 278-8510, Japan Abstract. Green functions

  11. Oblique reflections of internal gravity wave beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karimi, Hussain H. (Hussain Habibullah)

    2012-01-01

    We study nonlinear effects in reflections of internal gravity wave beams in a continuously stratified liquid which are incident upon a uniform slope at an oblique angle. Wave motion in a stratified fluid medium is unique ...

  12. Bidirectional reflection functions from surface bump maps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabral, B.; Max, N.; Springmeyer, R.

    1987-04-29

    The Torrance-Sparrow model for calculating bidirectional reflection functions contains a geometrical attenuation factor to account for shadowing and occlusions in a hypothetical distribution of grooves on a rough surface. Using an efficient table-based method for determining the shadows and occlusions, we calculate the geometric attenuation factor for surfaces defined by a specific table of bump heights. Diffuse and glossy specular reflection of the environment can be handled in a unified manner by using an integral of the bidirectional reflection function times the environmental illumination, over the hemisphere of solid angle above a surface. We present a method of estimating the integral, by expanding the bidirectional reflection coefficient in spherical harmonics, and show how the coefficients in this expansion can be determined efficiently by reorganizing our geometric attenuation calculation.

  13. Reflection and transmission of conformal perturbation defects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilka Brunner; Cornelius Schmidt-Colinet

    2015-08-18

    We consider reflection and transmission of interfaces which implement renormalisation group flows between conformal fixed points in two dimensions. Such an RG interface is constructed from the identity defect in the ultraviolet CFT by perturbing the theory on one side of the defect line. We compute reflection and transmission coefficients in perturbation theory to third order in the coupling constant and check our calculations against exact constructions of RG interfaces between coset models.

  14. Lamp method and apparatus using multiple reflections

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacLennan, Donald A. (Butler, PA); Turner, Brian (Damascus, MD); Kipling, Kent (Gaithersburg, MD)

    1999-01-01

    A method wherein the light in a sulfur or selenium lamp is reflected through the fill a multiplicity of times to convert ultraviolet radiation to visible. A light emitting device comprised of an electrodeless envelope which bears a light reflecting covering around a first portion which does not crack due to differential thermal expansion and which has a second portion which comprises a light transmissive aperture.

  15. Lamp method and apparatus using multiple reflections

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacLennan, D.A.; Turner, B.; Kipling, K.

    1999-05-11

    A method wherein the light in a sulfur or selenium lamp is reflected through the fill a multiplicity of times to convert ultraviolet radiation to visible is disclosed. A light emitting device comprised of an electrodeless envelope which bears a light reflecting covering around a first portion which does not crack due to differential thermal expansion and which has a second portion which comprises a light transmissive aperture. 20 figs.

  16. Reflection and transmission of conformal perturbation defects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunner, Ilka

    2015-01-01

    We consider reflection and transmission of interfaces which implement renormalisation group flows between conformal fixed points in two dimensions. Such an RG interface is constructed from the identity defect in the ultraviolet CFT by perturbing the theory on one side of the defect line. We compute reflection and transmission coefficients in perturbation theory to third order in the coupling constant and check our calculations against exact constructions of RG interfaces between coset models.

  17. Data:0149f280-821d-4e6f-bc27-501c18ec12fd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    f-bc27-501c18ec12fd No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic...

  18. Origin of deep crustal reflections: Implications of coincident seismic refraction and reflection data in Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holbrook, W.S. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA (USA)); Catchings, R.D. (U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (USA)); Jarchow, C.M. (Stanford Univ., CA (USA))

    1991-02-01

    The authors compare seismic refraction and reflection results along the PASSCAL/COCORP 40{degree}N transect in the northern Basin and Range of Nevada in order to determine the origin of the prominent reflections from the deep crystalline crust. Reflection data along the transect show a thick zone of discontinuous, subhorizontal reflections, beginning at 4-6 s two-way traveltime (10-20 km depth) and ending at 9-11 s (27-35 km). Two independently derived velocity models, based on refraction data, are largely similar and agree on many important aspects of the reflectivity-velocity relation. Both models show that the top of the reflective zone lies 3-8 km above a prominent mid-crustal velocity discontinuity, which is interpreted to separate bulk silicic from bulk dioritic-gabbroic crust; in most places, the silicic mid-crust is more strongly reflective than the mafic lower crust. This pattern is expected in areas where ductile shearing is the mechanism responsible for the reflectivity. One of the velocity models, however, suggests that, in places, the strongest reflectivity spans both the middle (6.1-6.3 km/s) and lower (6.6 km/s) crust; this pattern suggests that the combined influence of ductile strain fabrics and mafic intrusions gives rise to crustal reflections. Both models show that the lowermost crust and crust/mantle transition are highly reflective, also suggesting the presence of mafic and/or ultramafic intrusions. Thus the observed reflection patterns suggest that ductile shearing and the intrusion of mantle-derived magma - both of which are likely to have accompanied the extreme Cenozoic extension - are important factors in generating deep crustal reflections.

  19. High reflectance-low stress Mo-Si multilayer reflective coatings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Montcalm, Claude (Livermore, CA); Mirkarimi, Paul B. (Sunol, CA)

    2000-01-01

    A high reflectance-low stress Mo-Si multilayer reflective coating particularly useful for the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) wavelength region. While the multilayer reflective coating has particular application for EUV lithography, it has numerous other applications where high reflectance and low stress multilayer coatings are utilized. Multilayer coatings having high near-normal incidence reflectance (R.gtoreq.65%) and low residual stress (.ltoreq.100 MPa) have been produced using thermal and non-thermal approaches. The thermal approach involves heating the multilayer coating to a given temperature for a given time after deposition in order to induce structural changes in the multilayer coating that will have an overall "relaxation" effect without reducing the reflectance significantly.

  20. Process for fabricating high reflectance-low stress Mo--Si multilayer reflective coatings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Montcalm, Claude (Livermore, CA); Mirkarimi, Paul B. (Sunol, CA)

    2001-01-01

    A high reflectance-low stress Mo--Si multilayer reflective coating particularly useful for the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) wavelength region. While the multilayer reflective coating has particular application for EUV lithography, it has numerous other applications where high reflectance and low stress multilayer coatings are utilized. Multilayer coatings having high near-normal incidence reflectance (R.gtoreq.65%) and low residual stress (.ltoreq.100 MPa) have been produced using thermal and non-thermal approaches. The thermal approach involves heating the multilayer coating to a given temperature for a given time after deposition in order to induce structural changes in the multilayer coating that will have an overall "relaxation" effect without reducing the reflectance significantly.

  1. REFLECT: A computer program for the x-ray reflectivity of bent perfect crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Etelaeniemi, V.; Suortti, P.; Thomlinson, W. . Dept. of Physics; Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY )

    1989-09-01

    The design of monochromators for x-ray applications, using either standard laboratory sources on synchrotron radiation sources, requires a knowledge of the reflectivity of the crystals. The reflectivity depends on the crystals used, the geometry of the reflection, the energy range of the radiation, and, in the present case, the cylindrical bending radius of the optical device. This report is intended to allow the reader to become familiar with, and therefore use, a computer program called REFLECT which we have used in the design of a dual beam Laue monochromator for synchrotron angiography. The results of REFLECT have been compared to measured reflectivities for both bent Bragg and Laue geometries. The results are excellent and should give full confidence in the use of the program. 6 refs.

  2. Pigments which reflect infrared radiation from fire

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berdahl, Paul H. (Oakland, CA)

    1998-01-01

    Conventional paints transmit or absorb most of the intense infrared (IR) radiation emitted by fire, causing them to contribute to the spread of fire. The present invention comprises a fire retardant paint additive that reflects the thermal IR radiation emitted by fire in the 1 to 20 micrometer (.mu.m) wavelength range. The important spectral ranges for fire control are typically about 1 to about 8 .mu.m or, for cool smoky fires, about 2 .mu.m to about 16 .mu.m. The improved inventive coatings reflect adverse electromagnetic energy and slow the spread of fire. Specific IR reflective pigments include titanium dioxide (rutile) and red iron oxide pigments with diameters of about 1 .mu.m to about 2 .mu.m and thin leafing aluminum flake pigments.

  3. Method of making reflecting film reflector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cottingham, James G. (Center Moriches, NY)

    1980-01-01

    A reflector of the reflecting film type is disclosed and which may be used in a heliostatic system for concentrating solar energy and comprising a reflecting film bonded to an appropriate rigid substrate in such a way that specularity of a very high order is achieved. A method of bonding the reflecting film to the substrate is also disclosed and comprises the steps of initially adhering the film to a smooth, clean flat rigid surface with a non-bonding liquid between the rigid surface and film, and then bonding the substrate and film. The non-bonding liquid has a molecular adhesion greater than any stresses due to handling or curing of the bonding agent which is applied between the film and the opposing surface of the rigid substrate.

  4. Pigments which reflect infrared radiation from fire

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berdahl, P.H.

    1998-09-22

    Conventional paints transmit or absorb most of the intense infrared (IR) radiation emitted by fire, causing them to contribute to the spread of fire. The present invention comprises a fire retardant paint additive that reflects the thermal IR radiation emitted by fire in the 1 to 20 micrometer ({micro}m) wavelength range. The important spectral ranges for fire control are typically about 1 to about 8 {micro}m or, for cool smoky fires, about 2 {micro}m to about 16 {micro}m. The improved inventive coatings reflect adverse electromagnetic energy and slow the spread of fire. Specific IR reflective pigments include titanium dioxide (rutile) and red iron oxide pigments with diameters of about 1 {micro}m to about 2 {micro}m and thin leafing aluminum flake pigments. 4 figs.

  5. A reflective optical transport system for ultraviolet Thomson...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    A reflective optical transport system for ultraviolet Thomson scattering from electron plasma waves on OMEGA Citation Details In-Document Search Title: A reflective optical...

  6. Reflection Survey At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Fairbank...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Reflection Survey At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Fairbank Engineering Ltd, 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection...

  7. ADVANCED REFLECTIVE FILMS AND PANELS FOR NEXT GENERATION SOLAR...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ADVANCED REFLECTIVE FILMS AND PANELS FOR NEXT GENERATION SOLAR COLLECTORS ADVANCED REFLECTIVE FILMS AND PANELS FOR NEXT GENERATION SOLAR COLLECTORS This presentation was delivered...

  8. Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Robert

    2012-01-01

    to varying levels solar radiation, and quantify theirproperties of reflected solar radiation from glass surfaces,siding surface. Direct solar radiation to siding, reflected

  9. Account of Nuclear Scattering at Volume Reflection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bondarenco, M V

    2011-01-01

    For a particle traversing a bent crystal in the regime of volume reflection we evaluate the probability of interaction with atomic nuclei. Regardless of the continuous potential shape, this probability is found to differ from the corresponding value in an amorphous target by an amount proportional to the crystal bending radius, and the particle deflection angle. Based on this result, we evaluate the rate of inelastic nuclear interactions, and the final beam angular dispersion due to multiple Coulomb scattering. The theoretical predictions are compared with the experiments. The impact of multiple Coulomb scattering on the mean volume reflection angle is also discussed.

  10. Emergence of exponentially small reflected waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volker Betz; Alain Joye; Stefan Teufel

    2008-04-23

    We study the time-dependent scattering of a quantum mechanical wave packet at a barrier for energies larger than the barrier height, in the semi-classical regime. More precisely, we are interested in the leading order of the exponentially small scattered part of the wave packet in the semiclassical parameter when the energy density of the incident wave is sharply peaked around some value. We prove that this reflected part has, to leading order, a Gaussian shape centered on the classical trajectory for all times soon after its birth time. We give explicit formulas and rigorous error bounds for the reflected wave for all of these times.

  11. Reflection technique for thermal mapping of semiconductors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Walter, Martin J. (Lee, NY)

    1989-06-20

    Semiconductors may be optically tested for their temperatures by illuminating them with tunable monochromatic electromagnetic radiation and observing the light reflected off of them. A transition point will occur when the wavelength of the light corresponds with the actual band gap energy of the semiconductor. At the transition point, the image of the semiconductor will appreciably darken as the light is transmitted through it, rather than being reflected off of it. The wavelength of the light at the transition point corresponds to the actual band gap energy and the actual temperature of the semiconductor.

  12. Completion Report for Well ER-EC-14, Corrective Action Units 101 and 102: Central and Western Pahute Mesa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-03-05

    Well ER-EC-14 was drilled for the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office in support of the Nevada Environmental Management Operations Underground Test Area (UGTA) Activity at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS; formerly Nevada Test Site), Nye County, Nevada. The well was drilled in September and October 2012, as part of the Central and Western Pahute Mesa Corrective Action Unit Phase II drilling program. The primary purpose of the well was to provide detailed hydrogeologic information for the Fortymile Canyon composite hydrostratigraphic unit in the Timber Mountain moat area, within the Timber Mountain caldera complex, that will help address uncertainties within the Pahute Mesa–Oasis Valley hydrostratigraphic framework model. The main 55.9-centimeter (cm) hole was drilled to a total depth of 325.5 meters (m) and cased with 40.6-cm casing to 308.1 m. The hole diameter was then decreased to 37.5 cm, and drilling continued to a total depth of 724.8 m. The completion casing string, set to the depth of 690.9 m, consists of 16.8-cm stainless-steel casing hanging from 19.4-cm carbon-steel casing. The stainless-steel casing has two slotted intervals open to the Rainier Mesa Tuff. Two piezometer strings were installed in Well ER-EC-14. Both piezometer strings, each with one slotted interval, consist of 6.0-cm carbon-steel tubing at the surface, then cross over to 7.3-cm stainless-steel tubing just above the water table. The shallow piezometer string was landed at 507.8 m, and the deep piezometer string was landed at 688.6 m. Both piezometer strings are set to monitor groundwater within moderately to densely welded Rainier Mesa Tuff. Data collected during and shortly after hole construction include composite drill cuttings samples collected every 3.0 m, various geophysical logs, water quality (including tritium and other radionuclides) measurements, and water level measurements. The well penetrated 15.2 m of alluvium and 709.6 m of Tertiary volcanic rocks. The stratigraphy and general lithology were not as expected due to the position of Well ER-EC-14 relative to the buried caldera margins of the Timber Mountain caldera complex. The well is located inside the Rainier Mesa caldera, but outside the younger Ammonia Tanks caldera. On November 5, 2012, a preliminary fluid level in the shallow piezometer string was measured at the depth of 311.8 m. This water level depth was taken before installation of the bridge plug (to be placed within the main completion casing to separate the two slotted zones). Well development, hydrologic testing, and sampling, will be conducted at a later date. No tritium above levels detectable by field methods were encountered in this hole. All Fluid Management Plan (FMP) requirements for Well ER-EC-14 were met. Analysis of monitoring samples and FMP confirmatory samples indicated that fluids generated during drilling at Well ER-EC-14 met the FMP criteria for discharge to an unlined sump or designated infiltration area. All sanitary and hydrocarbon waste generated was properly handled and disposed of.

  13. Electrochromic Windows - Advanced Processing Technology | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reduces Solar Heat Gain in Buildings Windows are often the most inefficient part of a building envelope and are responsible for heat loss in cold months and solar heat gain in warm...

  14. A Review of Electrochromic Window Performance Factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selkowitz Ed, S.E.

    2010-01-01

    controls and a lighting power density of 16.1 W/m2 (1.5controls and a lighting power density of 16.1 W/m2 (1.5ft) office spaces. Lighting power density was 16.1 W/m2 (1.5

  15. A Review of Electrochromic Window Performance Factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selkowitz Ed, S.E.

    2010-01-01

    Energy Edge, Post-Occupancy Evaluation Project, Final Report (October 1991), University of Washington, Center for Planning and Design, College of Architecture and Urban Planning,

  16. Sol-Gel Deposited Electrochromic Coatings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ozer, N.

    2010-01-01

    layer, (3) solid electrolyte or ion conductor, (4) ionof inorganic type solid electrolytes [20,21]. An all sol-gel

  17. A Review of Electrochromic Window Performance Factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selkowitz Ed, S.E.

    2010-01-01

    approaches, utility demand side management programs, and7. Utilities with demand-side management programs to reduce

  18. Electrochromic materials, devices and process of making

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Richardson, Thomas J. (Oakland, CA)

    2003-11-11

    Thin films of transition metal compositions formed with magnesium that are metals, alloys, hydrides or mixtures of alloys, metals and/or hydrides exhibit reversible color changes on application of electric current or hydrogen. Thin films of these materials are suitable for optical switching elements, thin film displays, sun roofs, rear-view mirrors and architectural glass.

  19. Near-Infrared Selective Plasmonic Electrochromic Windows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Guillermo

    2012-01-01

    energy*Eye Luminious Colored Solar Irradiance (W m-2 * nm-1) Bleached Wavelength (nm) Figure 89: Solar luminous

  20. Near-Infrared Selective Plasmonic Electrochromic Windows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Guillermo

    2012-01-01

    research opportunities. ” Solar Energy Materials & Solarapplications. ” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells Thu,modified TiO2 films” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells

  1. A Review of Electrochromic Window Performance Factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selkowitz Ed, S.E.

    2010-01-01

    additional 35-39% energy savings for east, south, and west-North East south West In a separate analysis, the energy and

  2. SAGE Electrochromics Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,EnergyEastCarbon Development | OpenGmbH Jump to:Tile

  3. CHAPTER 127 Bragg Reflection Breakwater: A New

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, James T.

    on the seabed can be an effective reflector of surface gravity waves. The reflected wave energy varies of the incident wave energy. Technical Issues At the onset of the research program, there were a num- ber Jenkins Technologies, Carpinteria, CA 2 Engineer, Naval Civil Engineering Lab, Port Hueneme, CA 3

  4. 3D tracking via body radio reflections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabelac, Zachary (Zachary E.)

    2014-01-01

    This thesis presents WiTrack, a system that tracks the 3D motion of a user from the radio signals reflected off her body. It works even if the person is occluded from the WiTrack device or in a different room. WiTrack does ...

  5. Multi-reflective acoustic wave device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Andle, Jeffrey C.

    2006-02-21

    An acoustic wave device, which utilizes multiple localized reflections of acoustic wave for achieving an infinite impulse response while maintaining high tolerance for dampening effects, is disclosed. The device utilized a plurality of electromechanically significant electrodes disposed on most of the active surface. A plurality of sensors utilizing the disclosed acoustic wave mode device are also described.

  6. April 20, 2010 Seismic Reflection V

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Garrett

    ? Vertical Resolution How thin a layer can we resolve? Dependent on seismic wavelength Reflectors are barely is an example of a "fully interpreted" seismic profile. What is the event history here? #12;4/19/2010 3 Here4/19/2010 1 GG450 April 20, 2010 Seismic Reflection V Data Interpretation I Today's material comes

  7. Catheter based mid-infrared reflectance and reflectance generated absorption spectroscopy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Holman, Hoi-Ying N

    2013-10-29

    A method of characterizing conditions in a tissue, by (a) providing a catheter that has a light source that emits light in selected wavenumbers within the range of mid-IR spectrum; (b) directing the light from the catheter to an area of tissue at a location inside a blood vessel of a subject; (c) collecting light reflected from the location and generating a reflectance spectra; and (d) comparing the reflectance spectra to a reference spectra of normal tissue, whereby a location having an increased number of absorbance peaks at said selected wavenumbers indicates a tissue inside the blood vessel containing a physiological marker for atherosclerosis.

  8. Lithium Ethylene Dicarbonate Identified as the Primary Product ofChemical and Electrochemical Reduction of EC in EC:EMC/1.2M LiPF6Electrolyte

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhuang, Guorong V.; Xu, Kang; Yang, Hui; Jow, T. Richard; RossJr., Philip N.

    2005-05-11

    Lithium ethylene dicarbonate (CH2OCO2Li)2 was chemically synthesized and its Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectrum was obtained and compared with that of surface films formed on Ni after cyclic voltammetry (CV) in 1.2M lithium hexafluorophosphate(LiPF6)/ethylene carbonate (EC): ethyl methyl carbonate (EMC) (3:7, w/w) electrolyte and on metallic lithium cleaved in-situ in the same electrolyte. By comparison of IR experimental spectra with that of the synthesized compound, we established that the title compound is the predominant surface species in both instances. Detailed analysis of the IR spectrum utilizing quantum chemical (Hartree-Fock) calculations indicates that intermolecular association through O...Li...O interactions is very important in this compound. It is likely that the title compound in passivation layer has a highly associated structure, but the exact intermolecular conformation could not be established based on analysis of the IR spectrum.

  9. EXPERIMENT #3 REFLECTANCE SPECTROSCOPY We will use the reflectance attachment and fiber optics OceanOptics spectrophotometer to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazarenko, Alexander

    EXPERIMENT #3 REFLECTANCE SPECTROSCOPY We will use the reflectance attachment and fiber optics OceanOptics spectrophotometer to measure the reflectance spectrum of several paint samples in the special optically flat-bottomed cell so that the bottom is completely covered. Scan the reflectance

  10. A light reflecting apparatus including a multi-aberration light reflecting surface

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sawicki, R.H.; Sweatt, W.

    1985-11-21

    A light reflecting apparatus including a multi-aberration bendable light reflecting surface is disclosed herein. This apparatus includes a structural assembly comprised of a rectangular plate which is resiliently bendable, to a limited extent, and which has a front side defining the multi-aberration light reflecting surface and an opposite back side, and a plurality of straight leg members rigidly connected with the back side of the plate and extending rearwardly therefrom. The apparatus also includes a number of different adjustment mechanisms, each of which is connected with specific ones of the leg members. These mechanisms are adjustably movable in different ways for applying corresponding forces to the leg members in order to bend the rectangular plate and light reflecting surface into different predetermined curvatures and which specifically include quadratic and cubic curvatures corresponding to different optical aberrations.

  11. Compact reflective imaging spectrometer utilizing immersed gratings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chrisp, Michael P. (Danville, CA)

    2006-05-09

    A compact imaging spectrometer comprising an entrance slit for directing light, a first mirror that receives said light and reflects said light, an immersive diffraction grating that diffracts said light, a second mirror that focuses said light, and a detector array that receives said focused light. The compact imaging spectrometer can be utilized for remote sensing imaging spectrometers where size and weight are of primary importance.

  12. Reflective optical imaging method and circuit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shafer, David R. (Fairfield, CT)

    2001-01-01

    An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate. The four optical elements are characterized in order from object to image as convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical system is particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention increases the slit dimensions associated with ringfield scanning optics, improves wafer throughput and allows higher semiconductor device density.

  13. Painleve VI, Rigid Tops and Reflection Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Levin; M. Olshanetsky; A. Zotov

    2006-06-01

    We show that the Painlev{\\'e} VI equation has an equivalent form of the non-autonomous Zhukovsky-Volterra gyrostat. This system is a generalization of the Euler top in $C^3$ and include the additional constant gyrostat momentum. The quantization of its autonomous version is achieved by the reflection equation. The corresponding quadratic algebra generalizes the Sklyanin algebra. As by product we define integrable XYZ spin chain on a finite lattice with new boundary conditions.

  14. Multiple-reflection optical gas cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Matthews, Thomas G. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1983-01-01

    A multiple-reflection optical cell for Raman or fluorescence gas analysis consists of two spherical mirrors positioned transverse to a multiple-pass laser cell in a confronting plane-parallel alignment. The two mirrors are of equal diameter but possess different radii of curvature. The spacing between the mirrors is uniform and less than half of the radius of curvature of either mirror. The mirror of greater curvature possesses a small circular portal in its center which is the effective point source for conventional F1 double lens collection optics of a monochromator-detection system. Gas to be analyzed is flowed into the cell and irradiated by a multiply-reflected composite laser beam centered between the mirrors of the cell. Raman or fluorescence radiation originating from a large volume within the cell is (1) collected via multiple reflections with the cell mirrors, (2) partially collimated and (3) directed through the cell portal in a geometric array compatible with F1 collection optics.

  15. Reflective optical imaging systems with balanced distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hudyma, Russell M. (San Ramon, CA)

    2001-01-01

    Optical systems compatible with extreme ultraviolet radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate are described. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical systems are particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput, and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical systems are characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

  16. Reflective optical imaging system with balanced distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chapman, Henry N. (Sunol, CA); Hudyma, Russell M. (San Ramon, CA); Shafer, David R. (Fairfield, CT); Sweeney, Donald W. (San Ramon, CA)

    1999-01-01

    An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical system is particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical system is characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

  17. Spin, Statistics, and Reflections, II. Lorentz Invariance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernd Kuckert; Reinhard Lorenzen

    2005-12-21

    The analysis of the relation between modular P$_1$CT-symmetry -- a consequence of the Unruh effect -- and Pauli's spin-statistics relation is continued. The result in the predecessor to this article is extended to the Lorentz symmetric situation. A model $\\G_L$ of the universal covering $\\widetilde{L_+^\\uparrow}\\cong SL(2,\\complex)$ of the restricted Lorentz group $L_+^\\uparrow$ is modelled as a reflection group at the classical level. Based on this picture, a representation of $\\G_L$ is constructed from pairs of modular P$_1$CT-conjugations, and this representation can easily be verified to satisfy the spin-statistics relation.

  18. Solar photovoltaic reflective trough collection structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Benjamin J.; Sweatt, William C.; Okandan, Murat; Nielson, Gregory N.

    2015-11-19

    A photovoltaic (PV) solar concentration structure having at least two troughs encapsulated in a rectangular parallelepiped optical plastic structure, with the troughs filled with an optical plastic material, the troughs each having a reflective internal surface and approximately parabolic geometry, and the troughs each including photovoltaic cells situated so that light impinging on the optical plastic material will be concentrated onto the photovoltaic cells. Multiple structures can be connected to provide a solar photovoltaic collection system that provides portable, efficient, low-cost electrical power.

  19. Reflective echo tomographic imaging using acoustic beams

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kisner, Roger; Santos-Villalobos, Hector J

    2014-11-25

    An inspection system includes a plurality of acoustic beamformers, where each of the plurality of acoustic beamformers including a plurality of acoustic transmitter elements. The system also includes at least one controller configured for causing each of the plurality of acoustic beamformers to generate an acoustic beam directed to a point in a volume of interest during a first time. Based on a reflected wave intensity detected at a plurality of acoustic receiver elements, an image of the volume of interest can be generated.

  20. Category:Reflection Survey | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIR Jump to:RAPID Roadmap Contact Properties JumpReflection Survey

  1. Bachelor programme European Studies Double Diploma 2014-2015 The third year (60 EC) of the Double Diploma Programme European Studies (old style)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Twente, Universiteit

    1 Bachelor programme European Studies Double Diploma 2014-2015 The third year (60 EC) of the Double students who did their first two years at the University of Muenster and do their third year in 2014 arrangements For students of the old style double diploma programme who started their third year in Twente

  2. Mapping bedrock beneath glacial till using CDP seismic reflection methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keiswetter, Dean; Black, Ross A.; Steeples, Don W.

    1994-03-01

    This paper is a case history demonstrating the applicability of the common depth point (CDP) seismic reflection method to image bedrock beneath glacial till in northwestern Iowa. Reflections from the base of the 40-m thick ...

  3. Transmission and reflection properties of layered left-handed materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jianbing James, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    This thesis is concerned with the reflection and transmission properties of layered left-handed materials (LHM). In particular, the reflection properties of (LHM) slabs are studied for the Goos-Hanchen (GH) lateral shift ...

  4. THE TOWER, REFLECTED IN THE TOWER GARDEN PONDS THE GENERAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE TOWER, REFLECTED IN THE TOWER GARDEN PONDS THE GENERAL UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS INFORMATION O Box 7216, Austin TX 78713- 7216. Cover: The Tower, reflected in one of the Tower Garden ponds

  5. Computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with high photon efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Dongeek

    2014-01-01

    Imaging the 3D structure and reflectivity of a scene can be done using photon-counting detectors. Traditional imagers of this type typically require hundreds of detected photons per pixel for accurate 3D and reflectivity ...

  6. inside/out : mirrors for reflective, creative thinking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portocarrero, Edwina

    2011-01-01

    In this document I present three tools for reflective, creative thinking: Pillow-Talk, the NeverEnding Drawing Machine and Calliope. These tools make use of the "distorted mirror" metaphor for self-reflection. They are ...

  7. Lamp method and apparatus using multiple reflections

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD)

    2001-01-01

    An electrodeless microwave discharge lamp includes an envelope with a discharge forming fill disposed therein which emits light, the fill being capable of absorbing light at one wavelength and re-emitting the absorbed light at a different wavelength, the light emitted from the fill having a first spectral power distribution in the absence of reflection of light back into the fill, a source of microwave energy coupled to the fill to excite the fill and cause the fill to emit light, and a reflector disposed within the microwave cavity and configured to reflect at least some of the light emitted by the fill back into the fill while allowing some light to exit, the exiting light having a second spectral power distribution with proportionately more light in the visible region as compared to the first spectral power distribution, wherein the light re-emitted by the fill is shifted in wavelength with respect to the absorbed light and the magnitude of the shift is in relation to an effective optical path length.

  8. A replaceable reflective film for solar concentrators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01

    The 3M Company manufactures a silvered acrylic film called ECP-305 that is regarded as the preferred reflective film for use on stretched-membrane heliostats. However, ECP-305 will degrade in time, due to both corrosion of the silver layer and delamination at the film's silver-to-acrylic interface, and will eventually need to be replaced. 3M uses a very aggressive adhesive on this film, and once it is laminated, replacement is very difficult. The purpose of this investigation was the development of a replaceable reflector, a reflective film that can be easily removed and replaced. A replaceable reflector was successfully configured by laminating ECP-305 to the top surface of a smooth, dimensionally stable polymer film, with a removable adhesive applied to the underside of the polymer film. Several stages of screening and testing led to the selection of a 0.010-inch thick polycarbonate (GE 8030) as the best polymer film and a medium tack tape (3M Y-9425) was selected as the best removable adhesive. To demonstrate the feasibility of the replaceable reflector concept and to provide a real-time field test, the chosen construction was successfully applied to the 50-m{sup 2} SKI heliostat at the Central Receiver Test Facility at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque. 4 refs., 13 figs., 7 tabs.

  9. On the Mechanism of the Volume Reflection of Relativistic Particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kovalev, Gennady V

    2014-01-01

    The mechanisms of the volume reflection of positively and negatively charged relativistic particles in a bent crystal have been analyzed. It has been shown that the empty core effect is significant for the negatively charged particles. The average reflection angle of the negatively charged particles has been determined and the conditions for the observation of the reflection and refraction are discussed.

  10. Camera-based reflectivity measurement for solar thermal applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camera-based reflectivity measurement for solar thermal applications John D. Pye1 , Clifford K. Ho2 2 6125 8778, john.pye@anu.edu.au. 2 Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA. ckho of the solar-weighted reflectivity of the receiver component in CSP systems. Such reflectivity measurement

  11. COS Coating Reflectivity Specification Date: August 2, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    COS Coating Reflectivity Specification Date: August 2, 1999 Document Number: COS-08-0008 Revision for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy Reviewed: Approved: COS Coating Reflectivity Specification Size Code Indent No Astronomy Revision A COS Coating Reflectivity Specfication University of Colorado at Boulder Page i Table

  12. Seismic Reflection Results: Stewart Gulch Region, Boise, Idaho

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Seismic Reflection Results: Stewart Gulch Region, Boise, Idaho Report Prepared for The Terteling) Boise State University Boise, Idaho 83725 Technical Report BSU CGISS 96-04 1 December 1996 #12;SEISMIC REFLECTION RESULTS: STEWART GULCH REGION, BOISE, IDAHO 1 SEISMIC REFLECTION RESULTS: STEWART GULCH REGION

  13. Environmental Shortcourse Final report [Joint US-EC Short Course on Environmental Biotechnology: Microbial Catalysts for the Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zylstra, Gerben; van der Meer, Jan Roelof

    2013-03-05

    The Joint US-EC Short Course on Environmental Biotechnology is designed for several purposes. One of the central tenets is to bring together young scientists (at the late Ph.D. or early postdoctoral stages of their careers) in a forum that will set the groundwork for future overseas collaborative interactions. The course is also designed to give the scientists hands-on experience in modern, up-to-date biotechnological methods for the analysis of microbes and their activities pertinent to the remediation of pollutants in the environment. The 2011 course covered multiple theoretical and practical topics in environmental biotechnology. The practical part was centered around a full concise experiment to demonstrate the possibility for targeted remediation of contaminated soil. Experiments included chemical, microbiological, and molecular analyses of sediments and/or waters, contaminant bioavailability assessment, seeded bioremediation, gene probing, PCR amplification, microbial community analysis based on 16S rRNA gene diversity, and microarray analyses. Each of these topics is explained in detail. The practical part of the course was complemented with two lectures per day, given by distinguished scientists from the US and from Europe, covering a research area related to what the students are doing in the course.

  14. LED structure with enhanced mirror reflectivity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bergmann, Michael; Donofrio, Matthew; Heikman, Sten; Schneider, Kevin S; Haberern, Kevin W; Edmond, John A

    2014-04-01

    Embodiments of the present invention are generally related to LED chips having improved overall emission by reducing the light-absorbing effects of barrier layers adjacent mirror contacts. In one embodiment, a LED chip comprises one or more LEDs, with each LED having an active region, a first contact under the active region having a highly reflective mirror, and a barrier layer adjacent the mirror. The barrier layer is smaller than the mirror such that it does not extend beyond the periphery of the mirror. In another possible embodiment, an insulator is further provided, with the insulator adjacent the barrier layer and adjacent portions of the mirror not contacted by the active region or by the barrier layer. In yet another embodiment, a second contact is provided on the active region. In a further embodiment, the barrier layer is smaller than the mirror such that the periphery of the mirror is at least 40% free of the barrier layer, and the second contact is below the first contact and accessible from the bottom of the chip.

  15. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    will also become more favorable as production volume increases and integration within the solar panel's junction box reduces part count and installation time. Some potential...

  16. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    (815) Expanding the Potential for Saline Formations: Modeling Carbon Dioxide Storage, Water Extraction and Treatment for Power Plant Cooling (1090) Generic Disposal Concepts...

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    John Dillinger, William Young, and Jennifer DePoy year 2003 report-id 031172C event SANS SANSFIRE 2003 and National Information Assurance Leadership Conference V - (NIAL), July...

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    2044p (1)Tara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Order by: Title Date added Download count Solar Photovoltaics, Fiber Optics, MODE, and Energy Efficiency (1242...

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    Optical Coatings by Rapid Self-Assembly (38) Solar Glitter Partnership (41) Solar Photovoltaics, Fiber Optics, MODE, and Energy Efficiency (1242) Solution Deposition...

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    Microsystems Enabled Photovoltaics (MEPV) "Solar Glitter"Tara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename SolarGlitter.pdf filesize 468.26 kB Version 1...

  1. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Dusterloh-bio (51) Freeze-bio (25) Hampel-bio (39) Hansen-bio (25) Hardin-bio (36) Kennedy-bio (25) Kuhlman-bio (23) Leigh-bio (26) Lux-bio (137) Mauke-bio (23) Plischke-bio...

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    Kennedy-bioTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename Kennedy-bio.pdf filesize 38.83 kB Version 1 Date added April 25, 2014 Downloaded 25 times...

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    Adds Water Power to Clean Energy Research PortfolioTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename WaterPowerDOE-Award.pdf filesize 339.62 kB Version 1...

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    Test Bed Consequence Modeling Tool (CMT) was developed to provide utility owners the power to quickly assess which physical assets are at the highest risk and to explore...

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    84 times Category Energy Security, Modeling and Analysis, Photovoltaic, Presentation, Solar Energy Tags sand2012-3097c location Denver, Colorado report-id SAND2012-3097C author...

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    programming language to facilitate model development and improve code portability. The basic theory underlying geochemical transport and the sorption conceptual models noted...

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    understand- ing of the mechanism of CO2 scrubbing platforms that will reduce green house gas emission and mitigate the effect of climate change. The project builds on the team...

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    Agenda (67) 2013 Inverter Reliability Workshop Breakout Session A: O&M ApsectsSystems Impacts (267) 2013 Inverter Reliability Workshop Breakout Session A: O&M AspectsSystems...

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    and Supply Channels Overview (72) Control Systems Security Standards Accomplishments & Impacts (66) CREW Reliability Benchmark Initial Findings and Lessons Learned (41) Cyber...

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    opportunities to couple CO2 storage and extracted water use, and what are the economic and water demand-related impacts of these systems compared to traditional power systems??...

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    and determine the sensitivity of particular groups of distribution feeders to the impacts of high PV deployment levels. This report describes the utility distribution feeder...

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    Brian Van Leeuwen report-id SAND2007-0383P This document presents information on the impacts of adopting Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) into infrastructure control systems....

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    Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename Humidity-Temp-Impacts.pdf filesize 121.36 kB Version 1 Downloaded 72 times Category Energy Efficiency,...

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    This report summarizes a study to determine the medium-term (through the year 2030) impacts of future climate and drought scenarios on electricity generation by the Electric...

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    it can lead to voltage changes on the distribution system and have other adverse impacts on power quality unless additional equipment is added or operational practices are...

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    Education and Innovation in Vermont's Electricity Sector (1927) Analysis of Drought Impacts on Electricity Production in the Western and Texas Interconnections of the United...

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    Impacts of Humidity and Temperature on the performance of Transparent Conducting Zinc OxideTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename...

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    Tied PV System Energy Smoothing (309) High Temperature Flow Loop Design Poster (782) Impacts of Humidity and Temperature on the performance of Transparent Conducting Zinc Oxide...

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    and Supply Channels Overview (72) Control Systems Security Standards Accomplishments & Impacts (66) Cyber Effects Analysis Using VCSE: Promoting Control System Reliability (85)...

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    and Analysis of Factors Affecting Emergency Evacuations: Main Report (37) Impacts of IPv6 on Infrastructure Control Systems (61) IMPROVED ACCURACY FOR LOW-COST SOLAR...

  1. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Drought Impacts on Electricity Production in the Western and Texas Interconnections of the United StatesTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename...

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    a Generic Threat Matrix (209) Control Systems Security Standards Accomplishments & Impacts (66) CREATING DYNAMIC EQUIVALENT PV CIRCUIT MODELS WITH IMPEDANCE SPECTROSCOPY FOR...

  3. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    (811) 2013 Inverter Reliability Workshop Breakout Session A: O&M ApsectsSystems Impacts (267) 2013 Inverter Reliability Workshop Breakout Session A: O&M AspectsSystems...

  4. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    (89) 2013 Inverter Reliability Workshop Breakout Session A: O&M ApsectsSystems Impacts (267) 2013 Inverter Reliability Workshop Breakout Session A: O&M AspectsSystems...

  5. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    George Backus report-id SAND2010-7066P The uncertainty in climate change and in its impacts is of great concern to the international community. While the ever-growing body of...

  6. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    (71) 2013 Inverter Reliability Workshop Breakout Session A: O&M ApsectsSystems Impacts (267) 2013 Inverter Reliability Workshop Breakout Session A: O&M AspectsSystems...

  7. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Small Generator Interconnection Procedure (SGIP) studies to identify the most common impacts from photovoltaic (PV) system interconnections of 20 MW or less and the impact...

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    added Download count Optimal Cell Connections for Improved Shading, Reliability, and Spectral Performance of Microsystem Enabled Photovoltaic (MEPV) Modules (302) Optimal Cell...

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    (CPV) (335) Optimal Cell Connections for Improved Shading, Reliability, and Spectral Performance of Microsystem Enabled Photovoltaic (MEPV) Modules (302) Optimal Cell...

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    needed for creating accurate predictions. Operational and maintenance (O&M) data from operating systems is only one piece of a broader data set required to make accurate...

  11. ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE (EC)

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    LANL Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility DOE ORR 721 TRAINING AND QUALIFICATION (T&Q) OBJECTIVE TQ.1: The selection, training, and qualification programs...

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    cycles. As a result, concerns have been raised regarding fluid purity within the power cycle loops. Additionally, investigations into the longevity of the S-CO2 power cycle...

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    applicability. It presents the results of an evaluation of each method based upon regression analysis of over 12 MW of operating photovoltaic (PV) systems located in a wide...

  14. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    in binary solar salt are reported. All rates were within 2.5-13.9 mgcm2-yr, with regression determining best fit behavior. HR-214 showed the least corrosion after 3000 hours....

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    low uncertainty and high stability of a metric are addressed including choice of regression method, reference conditions and filtering range. Iteratively reweighted least...

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    of the frequency analysis. The remaining appendices contain the SAS 8.02 output for the regression analyses (Appendices F through K) and the correlation analyses (Appendix L)...

  17. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Mechanistic Multiscale Modeling of Battery Electrochemical ReactionsTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename MechanisticModeling.pdf filesize...

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    tied PV energy smoothing was accomplished by using a valve regulated lead-acid (VRLA) battery as a temporary energy storage device to both charge and discharge as required to...

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    transportation energy storage research programs apply scientific understanding of battery degradation mechanisms to develop technologies to improve battery performance,...

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    an autonomous irradiance monitoring system based on wireless mesh communications and a battery operated data acquisition system. The Lanai HighDensity Irradiance Sensor Network is...

  1. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Battery Abuse Testing Laboratory Fact SheetTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename BatLabSAND20126345P.pdf filesize 870.86 kB Version 1 Date...

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    filesize 884.59 kB Version 1 date July 28, 2011 Downloaded 599 times Category Battery Abuse Testing Laboratory (BATLab), Carbon Management, Center for Integrated...

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    Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Order by: Title Date added Download count Battery Abuse Testing Laboratory (1169) ECIS SMU Key Facilities 2011 (570) Energy, Climate, &...

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    Battery Reliability Science at SandiaTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename BatteryReliabilityScience.pdf filesize 1.12 MB Version 2 Date added...

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    1.24 MB Version 1 Date added April 9, 2012 Downloaded 570 times Category BATLab, Battery Abuse Testing Laboratory (BATLab), Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT),...

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    Battery Abuse Testing Laboratory (BATLab) (3)Tara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Order by: Title Date added Download count ECIS SMU Key Facilities 2011 (570) Energy,...

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    and uncoordinated operation of a small natural gas engine-generator (genset) and a battery for smoothing PV plant output were optimized using MATLABSimulink simulations. The...

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    Energy Density in Flow Batteries at Lower Cost with MetILs (481) Advanced Security for Nuclear Materials and Facilities (572) Air Bearing Heat Exchanger (1035) Battery Abuse...

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    and Remote Mapping (147) Advanced Reactor Designs (249) Advanced Security for Nuclear Materials and Facilities (572) Advances in Performance Assessment (430) Air Bearing...

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    Marine Hydrokinetic Turbine Power-Take-Off Design for Optimal Performance and Low Impact on Cost-of-EnergyTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename...

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    Cost Breakdown Structure for Tidal Current DeviceTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename ReferenceModel1-CBS-V2-MP10-26-12.xlsx filesize 172.7...

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    of the hydrodynamic forces acting on the hydrokinetic device and the power density and power available over the energy extraction plane (EEP). This data informs the MHK device...

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    Manual for the Computer Code PAREP (23) A User's Manual for the Program TRES4: Random Vibration Analysis of Vertical-Axis Wind Turbines in Turbulent Winds (23) A User's Manual for...

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    Future Generation Vehicles (52) ECIS-Veeco: Research Driving Down the Costs of Efficient LED Lighting (172) Economic and Policy Analyses Provide Key Perspectives on Energy (408)...

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    Economic Perspectives (558) ECIS-Veeco: Research Driving Down the Costs of Efficient LED Lighting (172) EFRC Fact Sheet (158) EFRC Fact Sheet (901) Energy, Climate, &...

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    Michael Quintana PSEL is a multi-user, multi-sponsor facility that conducts research in photovoltaic (PV) cells and modules and performs detailed analysis in PV systems design...

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    also been packaged in a variety of ways to serve as solar irradiance sensors. Traditional photovoltaic reference cells 3 have been used for many years in test laboratories,...

  18. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    AL Lentine Micro-optical 5mm lenses in 50mm sub-arrays illuminate arrays of photovoltaic cells with 49X concentration. Fine tracking over 100 FOV in sub-array...

  19. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    fabrication of micro-scale crystalline silicon and GaAs solar cells, the release of these cells into a photovoltaic (PV) "ink" solution, and the printing of these cells onto a...

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    of typical thermopile devices. The low-cost devices use either silicon photodiodes or photovoltaic cells as sensors, and in addition to low-cost, have several operational...

  1. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Laboratory, Golden, CO, USA year 2009 We describe a process to manufacture ultrathin photovoltaic (PV) cells from crystalline silicon and gallium arsenide. The method uses...

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    Microfabrication of microsystem-enabled photovoltaic (MEPV) cellsTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename MicrofabofMEPVCellsSPIE20111.pdf...

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    and manufacturing techniques familiar to the semiconductor industry to produce microscale photovoltaic cells. The miniaturization of these PV cells creates new possibilities in...

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    95.57 kB Version 1 Downloaded 75 times Category ECIS, Hydrogen, Infrastructure Security, Renewable Energy, Water Power location Point Loma Sub Base, San Diego event Navy Fuel Cell...

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    kB Version 1 Downloaded 52 times Category ECIS, Energy Security, Fact Sheet, Hydrogen, Renewable Energy location San Diego, North Island Naval Air Station San Diego, CA was a...

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    kB Version 1 Downloaded 46 times Category ECIS, Energy Security, Fact Sheet, Hydrogen, Renewable Energy location San Diego, CA, North Island Naval Air Station San Diego, CA was...

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    Laboratories (SNL) with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the Solar Electric Power Association (SEPA) initiated a large industry collaborative to identify and...

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    National Laboratories started in the 1970s and concluded in the 1990s. These studies concentrated on the Darrieus configurations because of their high inherent efficiency, bu...

  9. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    enable: * Unlimited use of renewable energy power sources * Reduced fossil fuel-based power generation * Reduced energy storage requirements * Balanced control of generation,...

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    2012 report-id SAND2012-3467P Sandia is working with several partners to bring local power generation, advanced storage technologies, and advanced load controls together in...

  11. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    of government agencies and national laboratories is working to increase electric power surety by developing new microgrid architectures that can function independently of...

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    581 times Category Energy Security, Energy Storage, Energy Surety, Energy Surety Microgrid, Fact Sheet report-id SAND-2012-0552P author Mark Allen year 2012 Sandia's Smart...

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    the potentially complex interactions between DER and the power system. In 2009, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) with the U.S....

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    Roof Structure AnalysisTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename RoofTopsolarSAND2015-3573M.pdf filesize 956.8 kB Version 1 Previous versions...

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    SAND2013-2090 year 2013 Typical engineering methods utilized to calculate stresses on a roof structure involve simplifying assumptions that render a complex non-linear structure a...

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    4151p (1)Tara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Order by: Title Date added Download count Roof Structure Analysis (246...

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    1 bar (14.7 psia) and 10 bar (147 psia). Finally, simulations of a copper-based MOF (Cu-BTC) predict this material's ability to selectively adsorb Xe and Kr atoms when present in...

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    -Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Order by: Title Date added Download count ECIS-Automotive Fuel Cell Corporation: Hydrocarbon Membrane Fuels the Success of Future Generation...

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    Order by: Title Date added Download count A Design for a V&V and UQ Discovery Process (74) A Dynamic Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Performance Assessment Tool - 12490 (68) A...

  20. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    accumulation, and assessment. A preliminary design is presented for a VU Discovery process that accounts for an important subset of the requirements. The design uses a...

  1. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scheme for Risk Assessment Methods (46) A Design for a V&V and UQ Discovery Process (74) A Dynamic Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Performance Assessment Tool - 12490 (68) A...

  2. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Grid Integration (38) Comparison of Errors in Solar Power Plant Variability Simulation Methods (94) Conceptual Framework for Developing Resilience Metrics for the Electricity, Oil,...

  3. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the AlternativesTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename Alternatives.pdf filesize 597.97 kB Version 1 Date added September 27, 2013 Downloaded 305...

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    Energy author Gregory J. Kolb, Scott A. Jones, Matthew W. Donnelly, David Gorman, Robert Thomas, Roger Davenport, and Ron Lumia year 2007 report-id SAND2007-3293 Heliostats are...

  5. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    SPIDERS: The Smart Power Infrastructure Demonstration for Energ Reliability and SecurityTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename...

  6. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Downloaded 339 times Category Energy Security, MEPV, Photovoltaic, Renewable Energy, Solar Energy author Gregory N. Nielson, Murat Okandan, Jose L. Cruz-Campa, Anthony L....

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    340 times Category ECIS, Energy Security, Photovoltaic, Reliability, Renewable Energy, Solar Energy, Technical Paper year 2013 report-id SAND2013-4831C author Jay Johnson, Michael...

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    for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT), Energy Efficiency, Energy Security, Renewable Energy report-id SAND2007-6815P event The Capability Advantage year 2007 The Microsystems...

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    in installed systems - * What is done for other (ac) systems * The emerging codes and standards for PV * Overview of technical challenges * Technical developments underway *...

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    and systems. Also contained in this report is a comparison of several of the sector standards, guidelines, and technical reports, demonstrating standards coverage by security...

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    * What is an "Arc-fault" * What is done for other (ac) systems * The emerging codes and standards for PV * Overview of technical challenges * Technical developments underway *...

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    Alternating Current Transmission Systems (FACTS) devices are installed on electric power transmission lines to stabilize and regulate power flow. Power lines protected by...

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    Structure and Rotor Design Impact Studies (35) Offshore Wind Guidance Document: Oceanography and Sediment Stability (67) SNL100-00 All-glass Baseline Blade Model (76) SNL100-01...

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    resulting state-of-the art technology now includes a distributed photovoltaic (PV) architecture comprising AC modules that not only feed directly into the electrical grid at...

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    to build an enhanced performance assessment system (EPAS), and build a modular code architecture and key code modules for performance assessments. The key chemical calculation...

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    depending on the waste form). Construction effects, ventilation, iv and the thermal pulse will lead to clay dehydration and deformation, confined to an excavation disturbed...

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    longer depending on the waste form). Construction effects, ventilation, and the thermal pulse will lead to clay dehydration and deformation, confined to an excavation disturbed...

  18. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    the wake recovery at the downstream of a 1:10 axial flow turbine model using a pulse-to-pulse coherent Acoustic Doppler Profiler (ADP). In addition, turbine inflow and...

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    location Sandia National Laboratories This report describes the Virtual Control System Environment (VCSE) technology - developed a Sandia National Laboratories - to investigate...

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    Carbon Sequestration: An Enhanced Performance Assessment System (EPAS)Tara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename SAND2010-61732.pdf filesize 1.34 MB...

  1. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    National Laboratories Advances are reported in several aspects of clathrate hydrate desalination fundamentals necessary to develop an economical means to produce municipal...

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    Optimal Cell Connections for Improving Shading, Reliability, and Spectral Performance of Microsystem Enabled (MEPV) Modules PosterTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00...

  3. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Cell Connections for Improved Shading, Reliability, and Spectral Performance of Microsystem Enabled Photovoltaic (MEPV) ModulesTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00...

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    First Cost-Effective Solution for CO2 CaptureTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Version 1 Date added February 9, 2015 Downloaded 47 times Category...

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    SAND2015-0545 M (1)Tara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Order by: Title Date added Download count The First Cost-Effective Solution for CO2 Capture (47...

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    Flow Batteries Factsheet (36) Recompression Brayton Cycle (335) Recompression Closed Brayton Cycle (236) Sandia Cooler (43) The First Cost-Effective Solution for CO2 Capture (47...

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    Hydraulic FracturingTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename FINAL-HydraulicFracturing-Final-wSAND1.pdf filesize 3.32 MB Version 1 Date added March...

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    Downloaded 1684 times Category Energy Security, Energy Surety, Infrastructure Security, Photovoltaic, Renewable Energy, Solar Energy Tags sand2012-2217 report-id SAND2012-2217...

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    partitioning of a desired protein and (2) a microfluidic device to create a stable polyethylene glycol (PEG)-salt flow for extraction. The extraction process is designed to...

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    of environmental restoration; PA support for radioactive waste management efforts in Egypt, Iraq, and Taiwan; and, most recently, PAs for analysis of alternative high-level...

  11. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    author Sigifredo Gonzalez, Scott Kuszmaul, Don Deuel, Roberto Lucca, The ability to harvest all available energy from a photovoltaic (PV) array is essential if new system...

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    Geoffrey T. Klise report-id sand2014-16948 Sandia National Laboratories, working with Energy Sense Finance developed the proof-ofconcept PV Value tool in 2011 to provide real...

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    Thermal Storage Research and Development SummaryTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename StorageDOEpeer-review3-09.pdf filesize 174.9 kB Version...

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    Advanced CSP Systems Analysis Summary (678) 2009 Power Tower Project Summary (723) 2009 Thermal Storage Research and Development Summary (805) Central Receiver Technologies - a...

  15. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    author David D. Gill, Nathan P. Siegel, Robert W. Bradshaw, Clifford K. Ho year 2011 Thermal energy storage is one of the key differentiators between Concentrating Solar Power...

  16. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Description of Model Data for SNL13.2-00-Land: A 13.2 MW Land-based Turbine Model with SNL100-00 BladesTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename...

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    apply lessons learned from Sandia experience on the Waste Isolation Pilot Project and the Yucca Mountain Project to develop a disposal strategy should a shale repository be...

  18. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    New Mexico Recent Events - What Has Changed? 1. Decision not to dispose of fuel at Yucca Mountain -Store in place until alternative fuel cycle options are evaluated...

  19. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Albuquerque, New Mexico Licensing support for the used fuel repository in the U.S. at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, was discontinued in 2009. This decision was made in order to...

  20. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    storage and subsequent transportation of used nuclear fuel. With the cancellation of the Yucca Mountain repository project, the DOENE is currently evaluating alternative fuel...

  1. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    focused efforts on disposing spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and HLW in a geologic repository at Yucca Mountain Nevada. The recent decision by the U.S. DOE to no longer pursue the...

  2. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Field Measurements at River and Tidal Current Sites for Hydrokinetic Energy Development: Best Practices ManualTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download...

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    Strait (44) Sampling and Filtering in Photovoltaic System Performance Monitoring (82) Tidal Energy Site Resource Assessment: Technical Specifications, Best Practices, and Case...

  4. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Energy (DoE) is assessing and mapping the potential off-shore ocean current hydrokinetic energy resources along the U.S. coastline, excluding tidal currents, to facilitate market...

  5. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    TurbineTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename RM1Tidal-TurbineNREL-Lawson-LiY-Sale2011.pdf filesize 8.61 MB Version 1 Date added November...

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    Tidal Energy Site Resource Assessment: Technical Specifications, Best Practices, and Case StudiesTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename...

  7. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    project to benchmark a set of marine and hydrokinetic technologies including current (tidal, open-ocean, and river) turbines and wave energy converters. The objectives of the...

  8. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    --Tidal Energy: ResourceTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename RM1Tidal-TurbineUW-Tidal-Resource.pdf filesize 629.2 kB Version 1 Date added...

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    Test Plan - DOE Tidal And River Reference TurbinesTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename ORNL2012-301.pdf filesize 1.42 MB Version 1 date August...

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    Test Plan - DOE Tidal And River Reference Turbines (40) Field Measurements at River and Tidal Current Sites for Hydrokinetic Energy Development: Best Practices Manual (40)...

  11. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HEALTH MONITORING OF MARINE HYDROKINETIC STRUCTURES (91) Field Measurements at River and Tidal Current Sites for Hydrokinetic Energy Development: Best Practices Manual (40) Flow...

  12. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    High-fidelity Modeling of Local Effects of Damage for Derated Offshore Wind TurbinesTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename RichardsGriffithHodg...

  13. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    added February 15, 2013 Downloaded 49 times Category Balance of SystemsSoft Costs, Energy Security, Photovoltaic, Renewable Energy, Solar Energy, Technical Paper author...

  14. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    that may include purchase, lease renewal or PV system removal. The different ownership options available to homeowners presents a challenge to appraisal and real estate...

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    Materials for Energy and Cost-Efficient Large Scale Separations of Oxygen from AirTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Version 1 Date added February 9,...

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    Photovoltaics, Fiber Optics, MODE, and Energy EfficiencyTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename ECIS-emcorePartnershipSAND2010-2044P.pdf...

  17. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Wind Turbine Generator Models for WECC - A Second Status ReportTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename WTG-2nd-Generation-Generic-Models-IEEE-PES-...

  18. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    regeneration of the prerecorded arcing and baseline data with an arbitrary function generator. This method helped accelerate PV AFD development by eliminating the need for...

  19. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    PV's more common application as a distributed resource, especially with respect to generator response to voltage and frequency disturbances. The reasons for growth and the...

  20. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Reactive Power Interconnection Requirements for PV and Wind Plants Recommendations to NERCTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename...

  1. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    a data evaluation method focused on regeneration of the prerecorded arcing and baseline test data with an arbitrary function generator; thereby reducing AFD development time...

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    in the useable water. Potential pathways for this increase could be the result of drilling oil and gas wells, or brine migration through fractures from the Rustler, Salado,...

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    Proposal to NSF to Sponsor a Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Research ProgramTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename SAND-74-0095.pdf filesize 3.41 MB...

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    Modeling and Analysis, Renewable Energy, Water Power, Wind Energy slidetemplate default CACTUS simulation of the wake of a three-bladed Darrieus vertical-axis wind turbine...

  5. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    but are expected to have minimal effects on surface mounted devices like the vertical axis turbine device designed for RM2. A simple methodology for obtaining an approximate...

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    Code to Study Vertical-Axis Wind Turbine Control StrategiesTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename SAND87-7012.pdf filesize 1.37 MB Version 1 date...

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    Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Code VDART3Tara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename SAND-81-7020.pdf filesize 6.31 MB Version 1 date June 1981...

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    General Method for Fatigue Analysis of Vertical Axis Wind Turbine BladesTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename SAND-82-2543.pdf filesize 898.92...

  9. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Considerations (548) Market Valuation Perspectives for Photovoltaic Systems (1195) Models Used to Assess the Performance of Photovoltaic Systems (579) PVROM Database...

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    databases of airfoils, materials, and material placement to enable efficient creation of models. NuMAD is a stand-alone, user-friendly, graphical pre-processor for the ANSYS...

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    Value of Residential Homes (258) OUTDOOR PV PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF THREE DIFFERENT MODELS: SINGLE-DIODE, SAPM AND LOSS FACTOR MODEL (103) PV Interconnection Risk Analysis...

  12. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    of Rotor Imbalance and Shear Web Disbond Detection Strategies for Offshore Structural Health Prognostics Management of Wind Turbine BladesTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:...

  13. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    24, 2014 Downloaded 20 times Category Energy Security, Renewable Energy, Structural Health Monitoring, Wind Energy report-id SAND2012-8166C author Brian C. Owens, John E....

  14. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    EXTERNALLY BONDED FBG STRAIN SENSORS FOR STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING OF MARINE HYDROKINETIC STRUCTURESTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename...

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    2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Order by: Title Date added Download count A Reference Model for Control and Automation Systems in Electric Power (59) A Scalable Systems Approach for...

  16. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    2007 author Ronald Halbgewachs report-id SAND2007-7019 The National SCADA Test Bed (NSTB) Control Systems Security Standards Team (CS3T) has been actively participating in select...

  17. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Subsequent DOE funding requests for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) technology development have been sharply reduced (FY02, FY03) or zero (FY04). In 2002, DOE's Office of...

  18. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    zone (EPZ), which is an area with a radius of about 10 miles (16 km) around a nuclear power plant. The ETE is primarily used to inform protective action decision-making and...

  19. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    FORMATION (89) A Preliminary Performance Assessment for Salt Disposal of High Level Nuclear Waste (45) A Preliminary Performance Assessment for Salt Disposal of High Level...

  20. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    date January 2011 Downloaded 302 times Category Energy Security, Geosciences, Manual, Nuclear Energy, Nuclear Energy Safety author Carlos F. Jov Coln (SNL) Florie A....

  1. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Advanced Nuclear Energy (136)Tara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Order by: Title Date added Download count A Design for a V&V and UQ Discovery Process (73) A Dynamic Waste...

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    count Advances in Performance Assessment (350) Assuring Safe Transportation of Nuclear and Hazardous Materials (50) Bioassemblies and Materials (288) Biochemical...

  3. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    of technology design tools, accurate estimates of a baseline levelized cost of energy (LCoE), and the identification of the main cost drivers that need to be addressed to achieve...

  4. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    100-meter Blades (255) SNL100-00 All-glass Baseline Blade Model (74) SNL100-01 Carbon Spar Blade Model (95) SNL100-02 Advanced Core Blade Model (37) SNL100-03 Flatback Airfoil...

  5. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    pez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Order by: Title Date added Download count SNL100-01 Carbon Spar Blade Model (95) The SNL100-01 Blade: Carbon Design Studies for the Sandia 100-meter...

  6. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Rotor Design (55) SNL100-00 All-glass Baseline Blade Model (74) SNL100-01 Carbon Spar Blade Model (95) SNL100-02 Advanced Core Blade Model (37) SNL100-03 Flatback Airfoil...

  7. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Carbon Spar Blade ModelTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename SNL100-01v0.zip filesize 5.23 MB Version 1 Date added September 29, 2014...

  8. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    The initial core material design studies were based on the SNL100-01 100-meter carbon spar design. Advanced core material with improved performance to weight was investigated...

  9. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Energy author Bradshaw, R.W. and N.P. Siegel year 2008 report-id SAND2008-5226C event Energy Sustainability 2008 location Jacksonville, FL Thermal energy storage can enhance...

  10. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Energy, Solar Energy author Andraka, C.E. year 2008 report-id SAND2008-4513C event Energy Sustainability 2008 location Jacksonville, FL Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) dish...

  11. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Ho, C, Iverson, B, Moss, T, Siegel, T year 2010 report-id SAND2010-3364C event ES2010 - Energy Sustainability location Phoenix, AZ Several studies predict an economic benefit of...

  12. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Solar Energy author Ho, C.K. and G.J. Kolb report-id SAND2009-3003C year 2009 event Energy Sustainability 2009 location San Francisco, CA A method for applying probabilistic...

  13. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Solar Energy author Siegel, N.P. and G.J. Kolb report-id ES2008-54090 year 2008 event Energy Sustainability 2008 location Jacksonville, FL A prototype direct absorption central...

  14. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Modeling versus KD) (289) Molecular modeling in support of CO2 sequestration and enhanced oil recovery (325) Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Waste...

  15. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Change in Failure Type when Wind Turbine Blades Scale-up (44) Comparison of Errors in Solar Power Plant Variability Simulation Methods (81) Computational Investigation of Noble...

  16. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Carbon Dioxide in Saline Formations: Analyzing Extracted Water Treatment and Use for Power Plant CoolingTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename...

  17. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Simulating Solar Power Plant Variability: A Review of Current MethodsTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename SAND2013-4757SimulatingSolarPower...

  18. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    and operations & maintenance, an estimate of water used over the lifetime at the solar power plant is determined and applied to each watershed in six Southwestern states....

  19. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Errors in Solar Power Plant Variability Simulation MethodsTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename SAND2015-0156ComparisonofErrorsinSolarPowe...

  20. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    757 (1)Tara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Order by: Title Date added Download count Simulating Solar Power Plant Variability: A Review of Current Methods (784...

  1. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    with accompanying nonaqueous compatible membranes and flow cell designs for higher energy density redox flow batteries targeted to support increasing demands for stationary...

  2. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    filesize 971.24 kB Version 1 Date added June 26, 2013 Downloaded 356 times Category ECIS, Energy Security, MEPV, Photovoltaic, Reliability, Renewable Energy, Solar Energy,...

  3. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Achieving Higher Energy Density in Flow Batteries at Lower Cost with MetILsTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename New-MetILS-SAND-2012-4435P.pdf...

  4. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    1 Date added February 15, 2013 Downloaded 40 times Category Photovoltaic, Renewable Energy, Solar Energy, Technology Validation author Cruz-Campa, Nielson, Okandan, Wanlass,...

  5. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Modeling (49) CODES AND STANDARDS FOR PV ARC-FAULT DETECTION & MITIGATION (70) Lanai High-Density Irradiance Sensor Network for Characterizing Solar Resource Variability of...

  6. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Cells.pdf filesize 1.72 MB Version 1 Downloaded 61 times Category Photovoltaic, Renewable Energy, Solar Energy, Technology Validation author J. L. Cruz-Campa, G. N. Nielson, M....

  7. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Plant Reduce cost of next gen WTG's Advanced controls Extended useful component life -Operations and Maintenance (O&M) Increase availability Reduce cost Increased component life...

  8. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    two systems, each comprised of a single module using either crystalline silicon or CdTe cells, and located either at Albuquerque, NM, or Golden, CO. Output from a PV system is...

  9. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    -Finite element analysis for generic salt repository (waste package size up to 32-PWR) -"Open" disposal concept development: shale unbackfilled, sedimentary backfilled, and...

  10. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    - Finite element analysis for generic salt repository (waste package size up to 32-PWR) - "Open" disposal concept development: shale unbackfilled, sedimentary backfilled, and...

  11. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    and (ii) formal, documented procedures to facilitate the implementation of the access control policy and associated access controls? Is there a management framework to...

  12. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Program TRES4: Random Vibration Analysis of Vertical-Axis Wind Turbines in Turbulent WindsTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename SAND-93-7015.pdf...

  13. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Modeling of Large Offshore Vertical-axis Wind Turbines: Development of the Offshore Wind Energy Simulation ToolkitTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download...

  14. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Model for the Response of Vertical Axis Wind Turbines to Turbulent Flow: Parts 1 and 2Tara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename SAND-88-7021.pdf...

  15. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Dynamics and Stability of Large Multi-megawatt Deepwater Offshore Vertical-axis Wind Turbines: Initial Support Structure and Rotor Design Impact StudiesTara...

  16. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    filesize 1.09 MB Version 1 date May, 1984 Downloaded 88 times Category Manual, Renewable Energy, Systems Modeling, Wind Energy, Workshop Tags sand2011-8347c event Proceedings of...

  17. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Downloaded 49 times Category Energy Security, Photovoltaic, Renewable Energy, Solar Energy, Technical Paper, Technology Validation author Daniel M. Riley, Ganesh K....

  18. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    filesize 1.64 MB Version 1 date January 5-8, 2009 Downloaded 82 times Category Energy Security, Events, Renewable Energy, Wind Energy, Workshop Tags sand09-0050c author...

  19. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    author Joon H. Lee, Daniel Clayton, Carlos Jove-Colon, Yifeng Wang location Phoenix, Arizona report-id SAND2012-1400C event WM Symposia 2012 Outline - Introduction - Conceptual...

  20. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Wang report-id SAND2012-0158C year 2012 event WM2012 Conference location Phoenix, Arizona A salt repository is one of the four geologic media currently under study by the U.S....

  1. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Jove-Colon, Malcolm Siegel, Yifeng Wang event WM2012 Conference location Phoenix, Arizona, USA report-id SAND2102-0158C A salt repository is one of the four geologic...

  2. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Jones report-id SAND2012-0007C year 2012 event WM2012 Conference location Phoenix, Arizona The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Performance Assessment (PA) methodology...

  3. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Presentation, Workshop author Joon H. Lee, Daniel Clayton, Carlos Jove-Colon, Yifeng Wang year 2012 report-id SAND2012-1400C event WM Symposia 2012 location Phoenix, Arizona...

  4. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    (SCADA) systems. The report (1) provides an overview of control system networks and PLC architecture, (2) furnishes profiles for the top eight vendors in the PLC industry, (3)...

  5. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Photovoltaic, Photovoltaic Systems Evaluation Laboratory (PSEL), Renewable Energy, Solar Energy To assure potential customers of a new photovoltaic (PV) technology's...

  6. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Photovoltaic Systems Evaluation Laboratory (PSEL), Renewable Energy, Solar Energy, Technology Validation Tags sand2014-4671c report-id SAND2014-4671C author Joshua S. Stein,...

  7. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    NC Outline - Need for Geologic Disposal - Implementation of Nuclear Waste Policy Act - U.S. Repository Program Today - U.S. Repository Program Moving Forward - Generic R&D...

  8. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Environmental Policy Act Support for Environmental Impact Statements and Environmental Assessments in Nuclear Waste DisposalTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder...

  9. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    of PV and to enhance the value proposition of photovoltaic energy by enabling PV to act as much as possible as if it were at the very least equivalent to a conventional...

  10. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename ARPAEBinderFreePelletizationSAND20140985P.pdf filesize 376.56 kB Version 1 Date added February 19,...

  11. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    supports the KD and SCM conceptual models. The code is written in the object-oriented Java programming language to facilitate model development and improve code portability. The...

  12. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    (SNF) will continue to increase, and as countries continue to postpone decisions about direct disposal or recycling of SNF, interim storage will be the de facto solution for SNF...

  13. EC Transmission Line Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bigelow, Tim S

    2012-05-01

    The purpose of this document is to identify materials acceptable for use in the US ITER Project Office (USIPO)-supplied components for the ITER Electron cyclotron Heating and Current Drive (ECH&CD) transmission lines (TL), PBS-52. The source of material property information for design analysis shall be either the applicable structural code or the ITER Material Properties Handbook. In the case of conflict, the ITER Material Properties Handbook shall take precedence. Materials selection, and use, shall follow the guidelines established in the Materials Assessment Report (MAR). Materials exposed to vacuum shall conform to the ITER Vacuum Handbook. [Ref. 2] Commercial materials shall conform to the applicable standard (e.g., ASTM, JIS, DIN) for the definition of their grade, physical, chemical and electrical properties and related testing. All materials for which a suitable certification from the supplier is not available shall be tested to determine the relevant properties, as part of the procurement. A complete traceability of all the materials including welding materials shall be provided. Halogenated materials (example: insulating materials) shall be forbidden in areas served by the detritiation systems. Exceptions must be approved by the Tritium System and Safety Section Responsible Officers.

  14. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Upscaling Atomistic Mechanisms to Continuum Models For Nuclear Waste Glass DissolutionTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename...

  15. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    -Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Order by: Title Date added Download count SNL100-00 All-glass Baseline Blade Model (65) The Sandia 100-Meter All-Glass Baseline Wind Turbine Blade:...

  16. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Wind Energy Tags sand2013-6204p author ECIS year 2013 Access to reliable, affordable, and sustainable sources of energy is essential for all modern economies. Since the late 1950s,...

  17. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Goals of Energy Policy: Professional Perspectives on Energy Security, Economics, and the EnvironmentTara Camacho-Lopez2015-04-06T22:15:34+00:00 Placeholder Download Filename...

  18. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    author Rush Robinett, Juan Torres year 2008 Our nation depends on secure, reliable, sustainable, and cost effective supplies of energy to support economic development and to...

  19. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    Surfaces using Traceable Soil Components (137) BACK-CONTACTED AND SMALL FORM FACTOR GaAs SOLAR CELL (51) BACK-CONTACTED AND SMALL FORM FACTOR GaAs SOLAR CELL (197) BACK-CONTACTED...

  20. Sandia Energy - EC Publications

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    (80) Accelerated Life Testing of PV Arc-Fault Detectors (369) Acoustic Emission Non-Destructive Testing of Structures using Source Location Techniques (238) Acoustic Emission...