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1

Selected State Legislation and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and and Selected State Legislation and Regulation in the Annual Energy Outlook Energy Information Administration/Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2007 156 Appendix A: Handling of Federal and Selected State Legislation and Regulation in the Annual Energy Outlook Legislation Brief Description AEO Handling Basis Residential Sector A. National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 Requires Secretary of Energy to set minimum efficiency standards for 10 appliance categories. Included for categories represented in the AEO residential sector forecast. a. Room Air Conditioners Current standard of 9.8 EER Federal Register Notice of Final Rulemaking. b. Other Air Conditioners (<5.4 tons) Current standard 10 SEET for central air conditioners and heat

2

Selected State Legislation and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and and Selected State Legislation and Regulation in the Annual Energy Outlook U. S. Energy Information Administration/Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 173 Appendix A: Handling of Federal and Selected State Legislation and Regulation in the Annual Energy Outlook Legislation Brief Description AEO Handling Ba sis Residential Sector A. National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 Requires Secretary of Energy to set minimum efficiency standards for 10 appliance categories. Included for categories represented in the AEO residential sector forecast. a. Room Air Conditioners Current standard of 9.8 EER Federal Register Notice of Final Rulemaking. b. Other Air Conditioners (<5.4 tons) Current standard 10 SEET for central air conditioners and heat

3

Selected State Legislation and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

170 170 Energy Information Administration/Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Appendix A: Handling of Federal and Selected State Legislation and Regulation in the Annual Energy Outlook Legislation Brief Description AEO Handling Basis Residential Sector A. National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 Requires Secretary of Energy to set minimum efficiency standards for 10 appliance categories. Included for categories represented in the AEO residential sector forecast. a. Room Air Conditioners Current standard of 9.8 EER Federal Register Notice of Final Rulemaking. b. Other Air Conditioners (<5.4 tons) Current standard 10 SEET for central air conditioners and heat pumps, increasing to 13 SEER in 2006. Federal Register Notice of Final Rulemaking.

4

Maps of Selected State Subdivisions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves Summary Maps of Selected State Subdivisions Map 1: Alaska Map 2: California Map 3: Louisiana Map 4: New Mexico Map 5: Texas Map 6: Western Planning Area, Gulf of Mexico Map 7: Central Planning Area, Gulf of Mexico Map 8: Eastern Planning Area, Gulf of Mexico Map 1: Alaska AK 50 - North Onshore and Offshore AK 10 - South Onshore AK 05 - South State Offshore AK 00 - South Federal Offshore Map 2: California CA 50 - Coastal Region Onshore CA 90 - Los Angeles Basin Onshore CA 10 - San Joaquin Basin Onshore

5

Solid-State Lighting: DOE Selections  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Financial Financial Opportunities Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: DOE Selections to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: DOE Selections on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: DOE Selections on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: DOE Selections on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: DOE Selections on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: DOE Selections on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: DOE Selections on AddThis.com... Current Opportunities DOE Selections Related Opportunities DOE Selections The U.S. Department of Energy awards research grants targeting advances in solid-state lighting. The following links provide information on the recipients of these grants and summaries of the research projects they are

6

Maps of Selected State Subdivisions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Map 8: Eastern Planning Area, Gulf of Mexico Map 1: Alaska AK 50 - North Onshore and Offshore AK 10 - South Onshore AK 05 - South State Offshore AK 00 - South Federal Offshore Map...

7

How does your state select its judges?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;B#0;T#0;#1;#0;M#0;P#0;C#0;C#0;Z#0;J#0;O#0;H#0;#1; public of_f_icials by making promises behind closed doors. To the extent people believe politicking of this sort exists and this sort of politicking threatens judicial legitimacy, it is unclear how...#0;*#0;O#0;T#0;J#0;E#0;F#0;#1;#0;"#0;-#0;$#0;#1;#0;#1;#0;]#0;#1;#0;#1;#0;.#0;B#0;S#0;D#0;I#0;#1;#0;#19;#0;#17;#0;#18;#0;#18;#0;#1;#0;#1;#0;t#0;#1;#0;#1;#0;#26;#0;#1; How does your state select its judges? The relative popularity...

Fitzpatrick, Brian; Ware, Stephen J.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

FINAL Combined SGIG Selections - By State for Press -5.xls |...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

- By State for Press -5.xls More Documents & Publications Recovery Act Selections for Smart Grid Invesment Grant Awards- By Category Updated July 2010 FINAL Combined SGIG...

9

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

District, and Selected States b (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Residential Consumers Commercial...

10

Quantum tunneling and reflection of a molecule with a single bound state  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article, we present the results of studies on the quantum mechanical tunneling and reflection of a diatomic, homonuclear molecule with a single bound state incident upon a potential barrier. In the first study, we investigate the tunneling of a molecule using a time-dependent formulation. The molecular wave function is modeled as a Gaussian wave packet, and its propagation is calculated numerically using Crank-Nicholson integration. It is found that a molecule may transition between the bound state and an unbound state numerous times during the process of reflection from or transmission past the barrier. It is also found that, in addition to reflecting and transmitting, the molecule may also temporarily straddle the potential barrier in an unbound state. In the second study, we consider the case of a molecule incident in the bound state upon a step potential with energy less than the step. We show that in the limit where the binding energy e{sub 0} approaches zero and the step potential V{sub 0} goes to infinity, the molecule cannot remain in a bound state if the center of mass gets closer to the step than an arbitrarily large distance x{sub 0} which increases as the magnitude of e{sub 0} decreases, as V{sub 0} increases, or both. We also show that, for e{sub 0{yields}}0{sup -} and V{sub 0{yields}{infinity}}, if the molecule is incident in the bound state, it is reflected in the bound state with probability equal to unity, when the center of mass reaches the reflection distance x{sub 0}. We verify that the unbound states exhibit the expected physical behavior. We discuss some surprising results. Connections between our results and investigations done in cold atoms, excitons, Cooper pairs, and Rydberg atoms are discussed.

Kavka, Jeremy J.; Kerbrat, Danielle; Shegelski, Mark R. A. [Department of Physics, University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, British Columbia V2N 4Z9 (Canada)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

11

'Water window' sources: Selection based on the interplay of spectral properties and multilayer reflection bandwidth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Development of laser-produced plasma 'water window' sources poses a major challenge in x-ray research and most effort has focused on line sources for use with zone plate optics. Here, a comparison of carbon and nitrogen line emission with that from both 3d - 4f and 4d - 4f unresolved transition arrays shows that, at power densities available from 'table-top' solid-state lasers, 3d - 4f emission from zirconium plasmas is most intense, and calculations show that in an imaging system based on multilayer mirrors, for reflectance bandwidths >1% has superior performance than either line or broader-band sources. For bandwidths <1%, line sources are preferable.

Li, Bowen; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland)] [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Otsuka, Takamitsu [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan)] [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan)] [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [HiLASE Project, Institute of Physics AS, CR, Na Slovance 2, 18221 Prague 8 (Czech Republic)] [HiLASE Project, Institute of Physics AS, CR, Na Slovance 2, 18221 Prague 8 (Czech Republic)

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

12

Chemical selective microstructural analysis of thin film using resonant x-ray reflectivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strong modulations of the reflected x-ray intensities near the respective absorption edges of the constituent materials promise to determine layer composition of thin film structures along with spectroscopic like information. Near the absorption edge, the orders of magnitude more contrast beyond the pure electron density distributions of materials find an approach to overcome the low density difficulty of the conventional x-ray reflectivity technique. These aspects are explained by experimental studies on partially decomposed boron nitride thin films. Chemical composition profile is determined from free surface to the embedded buried layer with depth resolution in nanometer scale. The results of resonant reflectivity for chemical analysis are correlated with depth dependent x-ray photo electron spectroscopy.

Nayak, Maheswar; Lodha, G. S. [X-ray Optics Section, Indus Synchrotrons Utilization Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore 452013, Madhya Pradesh (India)

2013-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

13

Reflective 'cool' roofs under aerosol-burdened skies: radiative benefits across selected Indian cities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of reflective surfaces offers one low-cost solution for reducing solar loading to urban environments and the Earth that should be considered as part of sustainable urban design. Here, we characterize the radiative benefits, i.e. the additional shortwave radiation leaving the atmosphere, from the installation of highly reflective 'cool' roofs in urban areas in India that face relatively large local aerosol burdens. We use a previously tested column radiative transfer model to estimate the energy per unit area reflected to space from increasing the surface albedo at six cities within India. The model is used to characterize radiative transfer each day over five years (2008–2012) based on mid-day satellite retrievals of MODIS aerosol depth, cloud water path, and average surface albedo and MERRA atmospheric profiles of temperature and composition. Compared against ten months of field observations in two cities, the model derived incoming surface shortwave radiation estimates relative to observations show small biases (0.5% and ?2.6%, at Pantnagar and Nainital, respectively). Despite the high levels of local aerosols we found cool roofs provided significant radiative benefits at all locations. Averaged over the five year period we found that increasing the albedo of 1 m2 of roof area by 0.5 would reflect to space 0.9–1.2 kWh daily from 08:30–15:30 LST, depending on location. This is equivalent to a constant forcing of 37–50 W m?2 (equivalent to reducing CO2 emissions by 74 to 101 kg CO2 m?2 roof area). Last, we identify a co-benefit of improving air quality, in that removing aerosols from the atmosphere could increase the radiative benefits from cool roofs by 23–74%, with the largest potential increase found at Delhi and the smallest change found at Nainital.

D E Millstein; M L Fischer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Quantum key distribution with passive decoy state selection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a quantum key distribution scheme which closely matches the performance of a perfect single photon source. It nearly attains the physical upper bound in terms of key generation rate and maximally achievable distance. Our scheme relies on a practical setup based on a parametric downconversion source and present day, nonideal photon-number detection. Arbitrary experimental imperfections which lead to bit errors are included. We select decoy states by classical postprocessing. This allows one to improve the effective signal statistics and achievable distance.

Wolfgang Mauerer and Christine Silberhorn

2007-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

15

FINAL Combined SGIG Selections - By State for Press -5.xls  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

d d RECOVERY ACT SELECTIONS FOR SMART GRID INVESTMENT GRANT AWARDS - BY STATE HQ State HQ City Name of Awardee Brief Project Description Recovery Act Funding Total Project Value Including Cost Share Map of Project Coverage Area AL Birmingham Southern Company Services, Inc. Deploy five integrated smart grid techology systems that enhance energy efficiency, cyber security, distribution an transmission line automation, and smart power substations that will reduce energy load and save money for consumers. Will also benefit customers in FL, GA, MS, NC and SC. $164,527,160 $330,130,432 Coverage Map Alabama Total $164,527,160 $330,130,432 AR Forrest City Woodruff Electric Install smart meters for more than 13,000 electric cooperative customers that will provide time-of-use data,

16

U.S. Department of Energy Selects Michigan State University To...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Michigan State University To Design and Establish Facility for Rare Isotope Beams U.S. Department of Energy Selects Michigan State University To Design and Establish Facility for...

17

Solar Reflectance Index Calculator  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reflectance Index Calculator Reflectance Index Calculator ASTM Designation: E 1980-01 Enter A State: Select a state Alabama Alaska Arkansas Arizona California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Iowa Idaho Illinois Indiana Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana North Carolina North Dakota Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Pacific Islands Puerto Rico Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington Wisconsin West Virginia Wyoming Canadian Cities Enter A City: Select a city Wind Speed (mph) Wind Speed (m/s) Please input both the SR and the TE and the convection coeficient and surface temperature will be calculated

18

Preprint DRAFT Effective use of sleep states with context-aware selective resume  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preprint DRAFT Effective use of sleep states with context-aware selective resume Eric J. Wright introduce a context-aware selective resume frame- work that selectively resumes a system, with only the mini the design and implementation of CAESAR, our selective resume framework, and evaluate two applica- tions

Goel, Ashvin

19

Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Successful Selection of LED  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Text-Alternative Version: Text-Alternative Version: Successful Selection of LED Streetlight Luminaires Webcast to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Successful Selection of LED Streetlight Luminaires Webcast on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Successful Selection of LED Streetlight Luminaires Webcast on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Successful Selection of LED Streetlight Luminaires Webcast on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Successful Selection of LED Streetlight Luminaires Webcast on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative Version: Successful Selection of LED Streetlight Luminaires Webcast on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Text-Alternative

20

Recovery Act Selections for Smart Grid Investment Grant Awards - By State -  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

State - Updated November 2011 State - Updated November 2011 Recovery Act Selections for Smart Grid Investment Grant Awards - By State - Updated November 2011 List of selections for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program organized by State. Within each State the projects are organized by size. The data includes the headquarters State and City for each recipient as well as the name of the recipient, a brief description of the project, the Recovery Act funding and the total project value. SGIG Awards By State 2011 11 15.pdf More Documents & Publications Recovery Act Selections for Smart Grid Investment Grant Awards - By Category Updated November 2011 Recovery Act Selections for Smart Grid Investment Grant Awards- By Category Updated July 2010 Smart Grid Outreach and Communication Strategy: Next Steps - EAC

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Steady-state directional diffuse reflectance and fluorescence of human skin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or tissue of interest to excitation light (typically UV) and measuring the flu- orescence emission spectrum or diffuse according to whether a laser or a diffuse light source is used. These measurements can be carried by a high- speed detection system. The advantage of time- resolved over steady-state measurements

Pilon, Laurent

22

U.S. Department of Energy Selects Michigan State University To Design and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

U.S. Department of Energy Selects Michigan State University To U.S. Department of Energy Selects Michigan State University To Design and Establish Facility for Rare Isotope Beams U.S. Department of Energy Selects Michigan State University To Design and Establish Facility for Rare Isotope Beams December 11, 2008 - 8:51am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced today that Michigan State University (MSU) in East Lansing, MI has been selected to design and establish the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB), a cutting-edge research facility to advance understanding of rare nuclear isotopes and the evolution of the cosmos. The new facility-expected to take about a decade to design and build and to cost an estimated $550 million-will provide research opportunities for an international community

23

DOE Announces Selections for Solid-State Lighting Core Technology Research Call (Round 6)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), is pleased to announce four selections in response to the Solid-State Lighting (SSL) Core...

24

DOE Announces Selections from Solid-State Lighting Product Development Funding Opportunity Announcement  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), is pleased to announce the selection of five (5) applications in response to the Solid-State...

25

DOE Announces Selections from Solid-State Lighting Core Technologies Funding Opportunity Announcement and Laboratory Call  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is pleased to announce the selection of sixteen (16) applications in response to the Solid-State...

26

Selected Headlines News In Solid-State Lighting  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Headline News | Tracking Reports | Hot Technical Papers | Citation Headline News | Tracking Reports | Hot Technical Papers | Citation Analysis Method | Credits & Disclaimer | Archived Headline News (Links not maintained) SELECTED HEADLINE NEWS This website is not being actively maintained -- see note on homepage. Editor's choice: NOTE: Provision of summaries, mention of specific manufacturers or products, or designation as an "Editor's Choice" item do not constitute an endorsement by Sandia National Laboratories. DOE awards SSL SBIR grantsÂ…China to invest $44 million in SSLÂ…NIST researchers make LEDs 7x brighterÂ…DOE announces Round III funding opportunity August 7, 2006 Researchers from National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan have nearly tripled the front side luminance intensity of InGaN-GaN LEDs through "double" roughening both the p-GaN and undoped-GaN surfaces. The team increased the luminance intensities to 133 and 178 mcd for the front and back sides respectively, at 20 mA injection current. Research results were reported as "Improved luminance intensity of InGaN-GaN light-emitting diode by roughening both the p-GaN surface and the undoped-GaN surface," Wei Chih Peng and Yew Chung Sermon Wu, Applied Physics Letters, 89, 041116, July 24, 2006. [ News item at CompoundSemiconductor.net ]

27

Ten Projects Selected by DOE to Advance State-of-the-Art Carbon Capture  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ten Projects Selected by DOE to Advance State-of-the-Art Carbon Ten Projects Selected by DOE to Advance State-of-the-Art Carbon Capture from Coal Power Plants Ten Projects Selected by DOE to Advance State-of-the-Art Carbon Capture from Coal Power Plants July 7, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Ten projects aimed at developing advanced technologies for capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) from coal combustion have been selected by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under its Innovations for Existing Plants (IEP) Program. Valued at approximately $67 million ($15 million in non-federal cost sharing) over three years, the projects are focused on reducing the "energy and efficiency penalties" associated with applying currently available carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies to existing and new power plants.

28

U.S. Department of Energy Selects Michigan State University To Design and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Michigan State University To Michigan State University To Design and Establish Facility for Rare Isotope Beams U.S. Department of Energy Selects Michigan State University To Design and Establish Facility for Rare Isotope Beams December 11, 2008 - 8:51am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced today that Michigan State University (MSU) in East Lansing, MI has been selected to design and establish the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB), a cutting-edge research facility to advance understanding of rare nuclear isotopes and the evolution of the cosmos. The new facility-expected to take about a decade to design and build and to cost an estimated $550 million-will provide research opportunities for an international community of approximately 1000 university and laboratory scientists, postdoctoral

29

Correlating Catalytic Methanol Oxidation with the Structure and Oxidation State of Size-Selected Pt Nanoparticles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this process is a limiting factor in the performance of direct methanol fuel cells, which produce electricityCorrelating Catalytic Methanol Oxidation with the Structure and Oxidation State of Size-Selected Pt nanoparticles (NPs) prepared by micelle encapsulation and supported on -Al2O3 during the oxidation of methanol

Kik, Pieter

30

Neutron Reflectivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron Reflectivity ... This article is part of the Neutron Reflectivity special issue. ... The articles in this special issue on neutron reflectivity cover a broad range of the applications of this technique and the related X-ray and neutron scattering experiments of SAXS, SANS, GISAXS, and GISANS. ...

Jeffrey Penfold

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

31

Use of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) to investigate selection and nutrient utilization of bamboo and to monitor the physiological status of giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this study was to develop near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) calibration equations from bamboo and fecal samples to predict diet composition and the physiological status of giant pandas. Discrimination between branch...

Wiedower, Erin Elizabeth

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

DOE Announces Selections for Solid-State Lighting Core Technology and Product Development Funding Opportunities (Round 4)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), is pleased to announce 13 selections in response to the Solid-State Lighting (SSL) Core...

33

DOE Announces Selections for Solid-State Lighting Core Technology and Product Development Funding Opportunities (Round 3)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), is pleased to announce eight selections in response to the Solid-State Lighting (SSL) Core...

34

Sulfur and ash reduction potential and selected chemical and physical properties of United States coals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the washability and comprehensive characterization of 975 raw coal channel samples collected from the Eastern, Central, and Western Regions (including Alaska) of the United States. All of this information is sorted in the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (PETC) Coal Technology Data Base. Individual reports for each region were completed previously as Volumes 1, 2, and 3 and included the detailed data for each of the 975 samples. This report is a summation of the results of those three reports on a state- and region-wide basis only, and does not include the data for individual samples, but only includes the composite data for each state and region. Graphical summations are presented by state, section or rank, and region showing the effects of crushing on impurity reductions and showing the distribution of raw and clean coal samples meeting various levels of SO{sub 2} emissions. The statistical evaluations in the Appendices present the composited washability data of 1.30, 1.40, and 1.60 specific gravities of separation, the selected chemical and physical properties, and the composited washability data interpolated at various levels of Btu recovery. 13 refs., 93 figs., 9 tabs.

Cavallaro, J.A.; Deurbrouck, A.W.; Killmeyer, R.P.; Fuchs, W. (USDOE Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, PA (USA)); Jacobsen, P.S. (Burns and Roe Services Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (USA))

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Selection of Steady-State Process Simulation Software to Optimize Treatment of Radioactive and Hazardous Waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The process used for selecting a steady-state process simulator under conditions of high uncertainty and limited time is described. Multiple waste forms, treatment ambiguity, and the uniqueness of both the waste chemistries and alternative treatment technologies result in a large set of potential technical requirements that no commercial simulator can totally satisfy. The aim of the selection process was two-fold. First, determine the steady-state simulation software that best, albeit not completely, satisfies the requirements envelope. And second, determine if the best is good enough to justify the cost. Twelve simulators were investigated with varying degrees of scrutiny. The candidate list was narrowed to three final contenders: ASPEN Plus 10.2, PRO/II 5.11, and CHEMCAD 5.1.0. It was concluded from ''road tests'' that ASPEN Plus appears to satisfy the project's technical requirements the best and is worth acquiring. The final software decisions provide flexibility: they involve annual rather than multi-year licensing, and they include periodic re-assessment.

Nichols, T. T.; Barnes, C. M.; Lauerhass, L.; Taylor, D. D.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Reflectivity of nonideal plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New results on optical reflectance measurements of shock-compressed dense xenon plasma at wavelengths ? = 532 nm and ? = 694 nm are reported. The investigations have been performed for nonideal plasma (? = 0.87–2.0) at densities ? = 0.27–3.84 g cm?3 and pressures P = 1.6–17 GPa. The obtained high optical reflectance values are characteristic of a metallic fluid and are evidence for a conducting state in the shocked xenon. Reflectance measurements at different wavelengths provide information about the density profile of the shock wave front.

Yu Zaporoghets; V Mintsev; V Gryaznov; V Fortov; H Reinholz; T Raitza; G Röpke

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Critical Issues in NPH Categorization and Limit State Selection of SSCs  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Critical Issues in NPH Categorization and Critical Issues in NPH Categorization and Limit State Selection of Structures, Systems, and Components Quazi Hossain Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory DOE Natural Phenomena Hazards Workshop October 25-26, 2011 Steps of an ideal Natural Phenomena Hazards (NPHs) design process The design of structures, systems, and Components (SSCs) in the Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear facilities for major Natural Phenomena Hazards (NPHs) is performed, in an ideal case, following these steps: * Step 1: Systematic safety and hazard evaluation using STD-3009 & STD-1189 to determine the unmitgated dose consequences of failure of the SSCs on collocated workers and the public. This step also includes defining what constitutes failure (e.g., for seismic design,

38

TRAINING DATA SELECTION BASED ON CONTEXT-DEPENDENT STATE MATCHING Olivier Siohan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hypothesized transcript, a neces- sary condition for successful training. Selecting high confidence ut

Tomkins, Andrew

39

WIND SPEED AND ATMOSPHERIC STABILITY TRENDS FOR SELECTED UNITED STATES SURFACE STATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently it has been suggested that global warming and a decrease in mean wind speeds over most land masses are related. Decreases in near surface wind speeds have been reported by previous investigators looking at records with time spans of 15 to 30 years. This study focuses on United States (US) surface stations that have little or no location change since the late 1940s or the 1950s--a time range of up to 58 years. Data were selected from 62 stations (24 of which had not changed location) and separated into ten groups for analysis. The group's annual averages of temperature, wind speed, and percentage of Pasquill-Gifford (PG) stability categories were fitted with linear least squares regression lines. The results showed that the temperatures have increased for eight of the ten groups as expected. Wind speeds have decreased for nine of the ten groups. The mean slope of the wind speed trend lines for stations within the coterminous US was -0.77 m s{sup -1} per century. The percentage frequency of occurrence for the neutral (D) PG stability category decreased, while that for the unstable (B) and the stable (F) categories increased in almost all cases except for the group of stations located in Alaska.

Buckley, R; Allen H. Weber, A

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Sulfur and ash reduction potential and selected chemical and physical properties of United States coals. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the washability and comprehensive characterization results of 247 raw coal channel samples, including anthracite, bituminous and lignite coals, collected from the Western Region of the United States. Although the Western Region includes Alaska, coal data from this state will often be cited apart from the Western Region data from the lower United States. This is the third of a three volume report on the coals of the United States. All the data are presented in six appendices. Statistical techniques and definitions are presented in Appendix A, and a glossary of terms is presented in Appendix B. The complete washability data and an in-depth characterization of each sample are presented alphabetically by state in Appendix C. In Appendix D, a statistical evaluation is given for the composited washability data, selected chemical and physical properties, and washability data interpolated at various levels of Btu recovery. This presentation is shown by state, section, and region where four or more samples were collected. Appendix E presents coalbed codes and names for the Western Region coals. Graphical summations are presented by state, rank, and region showing the effects of crushing on impurity reductions, and the distribution of raw and clean coal samples meeting various levels of SO{sub 2} emissions. 35 figs., 3 tabs.

Cavallaro, J.A.; Deurbrouck, A.W.; Killmeyer, R.P.; Fuchs, W. (USDOE Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, PA (USA). Coal Preparation Div.); Jacobsen, P.S. (Burns and Roe Services Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (USA))

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Solid-State Lighting Issue 18: Selected Business & Technology News (Late  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8/2003 8/2003 | Table of Contents | Abstracts | Credit and Disclaimer | ISSUE 18: BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY NEWS (Late May - Late July 2003) A selection of news appears in this section. A. Developer News B. New Products C. Novel or Interesting LED Applications/Uses D. Market Information E. Overviews F. Research Results G. Selected Events of Interest H. Government Funding News and Opportunities Where possible, links to full-text articles and press releases have been included in the abstracts. Click on the links in the table below to go directly to the abstract. Table of Contents: Business and Technology News A. Developer News · AXT announced that it is discontinuing optoelectronics production. · Carmanah has sold $25,000 worth of their solar illuminated bus stops to Chicago's Regional Transportation Agency.

42

Solid-State Lighting Issue 26: Selected Business and Technology News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6: BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY NEWS (Mid-December 2004 to Early February 2005) 6: BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY NEWS (Mid-December 2004 to Early February 2005) A selection of news appears in this section. A. Developer News B. New Products C. Novel or Interesting LED Applications/Uses D. Market Information E. Overviews F. Research Results G. Selected Events of Interest H. Government Funding News and Opportunities Where possible, links to full-text articles and press releases have been included in the abstracts. Click on the links in the table below to go directly to the abstract. Table of Contents: Business and Technology News A. Developer News · Adaptive Micro Systems was featured in an article in Business Journal titled "Lighting the way." · Aixtron announced its new board of directors in advance of its merger with Genus.

43

Solid-State Lighting Issue 27: Selected Business and Technology News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7: BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY NEWS (Mid-February to Mid-May 2005) 7: BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY NEWS (Mid-February to Mid-May 2005) A selection of news appears in this section. A. Developer News B. New Products C. Novel or Interesting LED Applications/Uses D. Market Information E. Overviews F. Research Results G. Selected Events of Interest H. Government Activities, Funding News and Opportunities Where possible, links to full-text articles and press releases have been included in the abstracts. Click on the links in the table below to go directly to the abstract. Table of Contents: Business and Technology News A. Developer News · 911EP, Inc. has filed a patent infringement lawsuit against four companies over the use of its LED technology in emergency lighting products. · Agilent's market strategy is discussed in a feature article at CompoundSemiconductor magazine.

44

Solid-State Lighting Issue 16: Selected Business & Technology News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1/2003 1/2003 | Table of Contents | Abstracts | Credit and Disclaimer | ISSUE 16: BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY NEWS (December 2002 - Mid-March 2003) A selection of news appears in this section. A. Developer News B. New Products C. Novel or Interesting LED Applications/Uses D. Market Information E. Overviews F. Research Results G. Selected Events of Interest H. Government Funding News and Opportunities Where possible, links to full-text articles and press releases have been included in the abstracts. Click on the links in the table below to go directly to the abstract. Table of Contents: Business and Technology News A. Developer News · Aculight and Zia Laser demonstrated an external cavity laser containing a quantum dot-based gain chip.

45

Solid-State Lighting Issue 25: Selected Business and Technology News (Mid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2/2004 2/2004 | Table of Contents | Abstracts | Credit and Disclaimer | ISSUE 25: BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY NEWS (Mid July - November 2004) A selection of news appears in this section. A. Developer News B. New Products C. Novel or Interesting LED Applications/Uses D. Market Information E. Overviews F. Research Results G. Selected Events of Interest H. Government Funding News and Opportunities Where possible, links to full-text articles and press releases have been included in the abstracts. Click on the links in the table below to go directly to the abstract. Table of Contents: Business and Technology News A. Developer News · Agilent is reportedly considering building a high-brightness LED manufacturing center in Kwangju, southern Korea.

46

Solid-State Lighting Issue 17: Selected Business & Technology News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

24/2003 24/2003 | Table of Contents | Abstracts | Credit and Disclaimer | ISSUE 17: BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY NEWS (Mid-March to Late May 2003) A selection of news appears in this section. A. Developer News B. New Products C. Novel or Interesting LED Applications/Uses D. Market Information E. Overviews F. Research Results G. Selected Events of Interest H. Government Funding News and Opportunities Where possible, links to full-text articles and press releases have been included in the abstracts. Click on the links in the table below to go directly to the abstract. Table of Contents: Business and Technology News A. Developer News · Aixtron has sold a MOCVD platform to Shanghai LanBao for manufacturing blue LEDs. · Aixtron has sold a GaN MOCVD reactor to RPI for ultra high brightness LED research.

47

RECOVERY ACT SELECTIONS FOR SMART GRID INVESTMENT GRANT AWARDS - BY STATE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

STATE STATE HQ State HQ City Name of Awardee Brief Project Description Recovery Act Funding Participant Cost Share Total Project Value Map of Project Coverage Area AL Birmingham Southern Company Services, Inc. Deploy five integrated smart grid technology systems that enhance energy efficiency, cyber security, distribution and transmission line automation, and smart power substations that will reduce energy load and save money for consumers. Will also benefit customers in FL, GA, MS, NC and SC. $164,527,160 $165,603,272 $330,130,432 http://www.smartgrid.gov/sites/default/files/cover age_maps/SmartGridMap- SouthernCompany.JPG Alabama Total $164,527,160 $165,603,272 $330,130,432 AR Forrest City Woodruff Electric Install smart meters for more than 13,000 electric cooperative customers that will provide time-of-use data,

48

Current and future industrial energy service characterizations. Volume III. Energy data on 15 selected states' manufacturing subsector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An examination is made of the current and future energy demands, and uses, and cost to characterize typical applications and resulting services in the US and industrial sectors of 15 selected states. Volume III presents tables containing data on selected states' manufacturing subsector energy consumption, functional uses, and cost in 1974 and 1976. Alabama, California, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, West Virginia, and Wisconsin were chosen as having the greatest potential for replacing conventional fuel with solar energy. Basic data on the quantities, cost, and types of fuel and electric energy purchased by industr for heat and power were obtained from the 1974 and 1976 Annual Survey of Manufacturers. The specific indutrial energy servic cracteristics developed for each selected state include. 1974 and 1976 manufacturing subsector fuels and electricity consumption by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC and primary fuel (quantity and relative share); 1974 and 1976 manufacturing subsector fuel consumption by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC and primary fuel (quantity and relative share); 1974 and 1976 manufacturing subsector average cost of purchsed fuels and electricity per million Btu by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC and primary fuel (in 1976 dollars); 1974 and 1976 manufacturing subsector fuels and electric energy intensity by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC and primary fuel (in 1976 dollars); manufacturing subsector average annual growth rates of (1) fuels and electricity consumption, (2) fuels and electric energy intensity, and (3) average cost of purchased fuels and electricity (1974 to 1976). Data are compiled on purchased fuels, distillate fuel oil, residual ful oil, coal, coal, and breeze, and natural gas. (MCW)

Krawiec, F.; Thomas, T.; Jackson, F.; Limaye, D.R.; Isser, S.; Karnofsky, K.; Davis, T.D.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

DOE Announces Selection of National Laboratory Center for Solid-State Lighting R&D and Seven Projects for Core Technology Research in Nanotechnology  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), is pleased to announce the selection of the National Laboratory Center for Solid-State Lighting...

50

Solid-State Lighting Issue 10: Selected Business & Technology News (July -  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0: BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY NEWS 0: BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY NEWS (July - Mid-October, 2001) A selection of news appears in this section. Where possible, links to full-text articles and press releases have been included in the abstracts. Click on the links in the table below to go directly to the abstract. Table of Contents: Business and Technology News · BCC to issue market research report on compound semiconductors in December. · Cermet and Isonics to jointly develop pure zinc-64 oxides for blue LED substrates. · Color Kinetics among fastest growing companies in New England. · Color Kinetics issued patent on intelligent power technology. · Cree introduces first UV LED (InGaN on SiC) for illumination market (405/395 nm versions). · Cree introduces 3-inch off-axis n-type SiC wafers.

51

Solid-State Lighting Issue 11: Selected Business & Technology News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1: BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY NEWS 1: BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY NEWS (Mid-October 2001 to early February 2002) A selection of news appears in this section. Where possible, links to full-text articles and press releases have been included in the abstracts. Click on the links in the table below to go directly to the abstract. Table of Contents: Business and Technology News · Arima Optoelectronics will expand ultra-high-brightness LED production. · AXT producing brighter AlInGaN HB-LEDs; company expanding fab facilities in China. · BMDO changing its name to the Missile Defense Agency (MDA). · Brown University/Agilent/Lumileds researchers create a monolithic dual-wavelength InGaN LED. · Cermet receives BMDO contracts to develop bulk GaN substrate and GaN FET technology.

52

Solid-State Lighting Issue 15: Selected Business & Technology News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9/2002 9/2002 | Table of Contents | Abstracts | Credit and Disclaimer | ISSUE 15: BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGY NEWS (September - November 2002) A selection of news appears in this section. A. Developer News B. New Products C. Research Results D. Government Activities and Funding News E. Overview Articles Where possible, links to full-text articles and press releases have been included in the abstracts. Click on the links in the table below to go directly to the abstract. Table of Contents: Business and Technology News A. Developer News · Amtech Lighting Services will provide LED traffic signals for City of Dallas, TX. · ATMI received a $9.46 million ONR grant to develop AlGaN/GaN HEMTs on 4-inch GaN and SiC substrates, part of DARPA’s Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Technology Initiative.

53

2006 Archived Selected Headlines of Solid-State Lighting Headlines News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

March 31, 2006 Group4 Labs announced the first 2-inch GaN-on-diamond semiconductor wafer, the second product in the company's Xero Wafer family. As with the first Xero product, the new wafer also features a single GaN atomically attached to a synthetic diamond substrate, permitting high-temperature resilience for electronic, solid-state lighting, and military applications. The new material offers a unique thermal management solution by extricating heat from the chip's core almost at the instant that it is generated. This is due to the nanometer proximity of the chip's active region to diamond, a nearly perfect thermal conductor. [ Press release ] March 30, 2006 UK's Department of Trade & Industry (DTI) Technology Programme announced funding of £9 million (US$15.6 million) for collaborative R&D projects in the area of electronics and photonics, including high-efficacy solid-state lighting systems. The projects, which must include at least two partners and one end user, will be 50% funded by participants. Emphasis will be placed on projects that address identified needs with the potential for significant improvements and efficiencies. Identified needs include high-brightness, high-efficiency devices, particularly white-light sources for illumination, and improved-efficiency packaging techniques for next-generation lighting systems. [ News item in LEDs Magazine, DTI document ]

54

Location and valence state of strontium cations on the framework of a carbon dioxide selective porous silicoaluminophosphate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Sr{sup 2+}-SAPO-34 material that displays superior CO2 adsorption selectivity and capacity was characterized via XPS and UV-vis spectroscopy to elucidate the valence state of strontium cations and framework silicon environment. Most importantly, the location of the strontium has been estimated from a Rietveld refinement analysis of synchrotron diffraction data. The XPS analysis indicated that the apparent valence state of the strontium is less than 2, an indication of its interaction with the large anionic framework. Furthermore, UV-vis tests pointed to changes in the silicon environment, plausibly related to this valence state or framework faulting. For the refinement, the analysis found that strontium occupied two unique sites: a site Sr1 slightly displaced from six-membered rings and a site Sr2 positioned at the top or bottom of the eight-membered rings. The latter position favors the interaction of the alkaline earth metal with CO{sub 2}, probably resulting in an enhanced electric field-quadrupole moment interaction.

Zhang, Li; Rivera-Ramos, Milton E.; Hernández-Maldonado, Arturo J. (Puerto Rico) [Puerto Rico

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

55

State-selective electron capture in {sup 3}He{sup 2+} + He collisions at intermediate impact energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work we have measured single-electron capture in collisions of {sup 3}He{sup 2+} projectiles incident on a helium target for energies of 13.3-100 keV/amu with the cold-target recoil-ion momentum spectroscopy setup implemented at the Centro Atomico Bariloche. State-selective single-capture cross sections were measured as a function of the impact energy. They were found to agree with previous existing data from the Frankfurt group, starting at the impact energy of 60 keV/amu; as well as with recent data, at 7.5 keV/amu, from the Lanzhou group. The present experimental results are also contrasted to the classical trajectory Monte Carlo method with dynamical screening.

Alessi, M. [Instituto Balseiro, Av. E. Bustillo 9500, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina); Centro Atomico Bariloche, Av. E. Bustillo 9500, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina); Otranto, S. [CONICET and Departamento de Fisica Universidad Nacional del Sur, Av. Alem 1253, 8000 Bahia Blanca (Argentina); Focke, P. [Centro Atomico Bariloche, Av. E. Bustillo 9500, 8400 San Carlos de Bariloche (Argentina)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

Low reflectance radio frequency load  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A load for traveling microwave energy has an absorptive volume defined by cylindrical body enclosed by a first end cap and a second end cap. The first end cap has an aperture for the passage of an input waveguide with a rotating part that is coupled to a reflective mirror. The inner surfaces of the absorptive volume consist of a resistive material or are coated with a coating which absorbs a fraction of incident RF energy, and the remainder of the RF energy reflects. The angle of the reflector and end caps is selected such that reflected RF energy dissipates an increasing percentage of the remaining RF energy at each reflection, and the reflected RF energy which returns to the rotating mirror is directed to the back surface of the rotating reflector, and is not coupled to the input waveguide. Additionally, the reflector may have a surface which generates a more uniform power distribution function axially and laterally, to increase the power handling capability of the RF load. The input waveguide may be corrugated for HE11 mode input energy.

Ives, R. Lawrence; Mizuhara, Yosuke M

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Neutron reflecting supermirror structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources. 2 figs.

Wood, J.L.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Neutron reflecting supermirror structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources.

Wood, James L. (Drayton Plains, MI)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Table ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, Selected Years, 1970-2011, United States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, Selected Years, 1970-2011, United States ET1. Primary Energy, Electricity, and Total Energy Price and Expenditure Estimates, Selected Years, 1970-2011, United States Year Primary Energy Electric Power Sector h,j Retail Electricity Total Energy g,h,i Coal Coal Coke Natural Gas a Petroleum Nuclear Fuel Biomass Total g,h,i,j Coking Coal Steam Coal Total Exports Imports Distillate Fuel Oil Jet Fuel b LPG c Motor Gasoline d Residual Fuel Oil Other e Total Wood and Waste f,g Prices in Dollars per Million Btu 1970 0.45 0.36 0.38 1.27 0.93 0.59 1.16 0.73 1.43 2.85 0.42 1.38 1.71 0.18 1.29 1.08 0.32 4.98 1.65 1975 1.65 0.90 1.03 2.37 3.47 1.18 2.60 2.05 2.96 4.65 1.93 2.94 3.35 0.24 1.50 2.19 0.97 8.61 3.33 1980 2.10 1.38 1.46 2.54 3.19 2.86 6.70 6.36 5.64 9.84 3.88 7.04 7.40 0.43 2.26 4.57 1.77 13.95 6.89 1985 2.03 1.67 1.69 2.76 2.99 4.61 7.22 5.91 6.63 9.01 4.30 R 7.62 R 7.64 0.71 2.47 4.93 1.91 19.05

60

Selected Sub-grantees of the Department of Energy's American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Â… Illinois State Energy Program, OAS-RA-13-19  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reports Reports Selected Sub-grantees of the Department of Energy's American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Illinois State Energy Program OAS-RA-13-19 April 2013 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 April 30, 2013 MEMORANDUM FOR THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY FROM: Rickey R. Hass Deputy Inspector General for Audits and Inspections Office of Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Examination Reports on "Selected Sub-grantees of the Department of Energy's American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Illinois State Energy Program" BACKGROUND The Department of Energy's (Department) State Energy Program (SEP) provides grants to states, territories, and the District of Columbia to support their energy priorities and fund projects that

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A Continuous-State Coalescent and the Impact of Weak Selection on the Structure of Gene Genealogies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or loci are considered (Barton and Navarro 2002; Navarro and Barton 2002). If natural selection is weaker

Adler, Fred

62

States of cobalt and iron in catalysts supported in TiO{sub 2} from data of diffuse reflectance IR spectra of adsorbed carbon monoxide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The variations in the oxidation states of cobalt and iron atoms in pure and mixed Co- and Fe-containing catalysts supported on TiO{sub 2} as a function of the conditions in which the catalysts were prepared and preliminarily treated were studied by analysis of the IR spectra of carbon monoxide adsorbed on these catalysts. A mutual influence of the components was discovered; iron was found to promote reduction of cobalt.

Davydov, A.A. [G.K. Boreskov Inst. of Catalysis, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Coville, N. [Univ. of the Wiswatersrand Wits, Johannesburg (South Africa)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Catheter based mid-infrared reflectance and reflectance generated absorption spectroscopy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of characterizing conditions in a tissue, by (a) providing a catheter that has a light source that emits light in selected wavenumbers within the range of mid-IR spectrum; (b) directing the light from the catheter to an area of tissue at a location inside a blood vessel of a subject; (c) collecting light reflected from the location and generating a reflectance spectra; and (d) comparing the reflectance spectra to a reference spectra of normal tissue, whereby a location having an increased number of absorbance peaks at said selected wavenumbers indicates a tissue inside the blood vessel containing a physiological marker for atherosclerosis.

Holman, Hoi-Ying N

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

64

Neutron reflecting supermirror structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources. One layer of each set of bilayers consist of titanium, and the second layer of each set of bilayers consist of an alloy of nickel with carbon interstitially present in the nickel alloy.

Wood, James L. (Drayton Plains, MI)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Principles of neutron reflection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron reflection is perhaps the most developed branch of slow neutrons optics, which in itself is a direct consequence of the undulatory nature of the neutron. After reviewing the basic types of interactions (nuclear and magnetic) between neutrons and matter, the formalism is introduced to calculate the reflectivity from a sample composed of stacked flat layers and, inversely, to calculate the stacking from reflectivity measurements. Finally, a brief survey of the applications of neutron reflection is given, both in technology and in fundamental research. 32 refs., 6 figs.

Felcher, G.P.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

On characterization and measurement of average solar field mirror reflectance in utility-scale concentrating solar power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Due to the emerging need for the development of acceptance test codes for commercial concentrating solar power (CSP) plants, an effort is made here to develop a mirror reflectance model suitable for CSP applications as well as a general procedure to measure the average mirror reflectance of a solar field. Typically, a utility-scale solar field includes hundreds of thousands of mirror panels (if not more), and their reflectance is subject to many factors, such as weather and planned washing schedule. The newly developed mirror reflectance model can be used to characterize different types of mirror materials and can be directly used to perform optical performance evaluation of solar collectors. The newly proposed procedure for average solar field reflectance measurements includes a baseline comprehensive measurement and an individual factor measurement: the former allows a comprehensive survey of mirror reflectance across the whole solar field, and the latter can provide correcting factors for selected individual factors to further improve the accuracy of the baseline measurements. A detailed test case implementing the general procedure is applied to a state-of-the-art commercial parabolic trough plant and validates the proposed mirror reflectance model and average reflectance measurement procedure. In the test case, the plant-wide reflectance measurements at a commercial utility-scale solar plant were conducted and can shed light on relevant analysis of CSP applications. The work can also be naturally applied to other types of solar plants, such as power towers and linear Fresnel plants.

Guangdong Zhu; David Kearney; Mark Mehos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Biology reflective assessment curriculum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I passed back the assessments on natural variation with amultiple-choice assessment on natural selection and naturalI passed back the natural selection assessments with the

Bayley, Cheryl Ann

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Producers and Production Capacity by State, September 2013 Biodiesel Producers and Production Capacity by State, September 2013 State Number of Producers Annual Production Capacity (million gallons per year) Alabama 3 47 Alaska - - Arizona 1 2 Arkansas 3 85 California

69

Fabrication and performance of polymer-nanocomposite anti-reflective...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

News, VA (United States) Design of polymer anti-reflective (AR) optical coatings for plastic substrates is challenging because polymers exhibit a relatively narrow range of...

70

Electrochromic window with high reflectivity modulation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multi-layered, active, thin film, solid-state electrochromic device having a high reflectivity in the near infrared in a colored state, a high reflectivity and transmissivity modulation when switching between colored and bleached states, a low absorptivity in the near infrared, and fast switching times, and methods for its manufacture and switching are provided. In one embodiment, a multi-layered device comprising a first indium tin oxide transparent electronic conductor, a transparent ion blocking layer, a tungsten oxide electrochromic anode, a lithium ion conducting-electrically resistive electrolyte, a complimentary lithium mixed metal oxide electrochromic cathode, a transparent ohmic contact layer, a second indium oxide transparent electronic conductor, and a silicon nitride encapsulant is provided. Through elimination of optional intermediate layers, simplified device designs are provided as alternative embodiments. Typical colored-state reflectivity of the multi-layered device is greater than 50% in the near infrared, bleached-state reflectivity is less than 40% in the visible, bleached-state transmissivity is greater than 60% in the near infrared and greater than 40% in the visible, and spectral absorbance is less than 50% in the range from 0.65-2.5 .mu.m.

Goldner, Ronald B. (Lexington, MA); Gerouki, Alexandra (Medford, MA); Liu, Te-Yang (Arlington, MA); Goldner, Mark A. (Cambridge, MA); Haas, Terry E. (Southborough, MA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Watershed-Scale Response to Climate Change through the Twenty-First Century for Selected Basins across the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The hydrologic response of different climate-change emission scenarios for the twenty-first century were evaluated in 14 basins from different hydroclimatic regions across the United States using the Precipitation-Runoff Modeling System (PRMS), a ...

Lauren E. Hay; Steven L. Markstrom; Christian Ward-Garrison

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Electron-atom collision studies using optically state-selected beams. Final report, May 15, 1991--May 14, 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As stated in the original proposal, the goal of the project has been to perform electron-scattering experiments on a few model systems with emphasis on resolving all the quantum-state variables possible. The purpose of these experimental studies has been to provide a set of measurements of unprecedented accuracy and completeness that can be used as benchmarks for comparison with theoretical calculations. During the period covered by this report, the work has concentrated on measuring low-energy electron scattering from sodium and chromium. Sodium provides an ideal one-electron test case, since it has a single loosely bound valence electron, making it approachable by even the most complex electron scattering calculations. In addition, the atom has a strong optical transition from the 3{sup 2}S{sub 1/2} ground state to the 3{sup 2}P{sub 3/2} excited state whose wavelength (589 nm) matches the peak output of the laser dye rhodamine 6G. Thus optical pumping techniques can be readily applied in the laboratory, leading to either a population of ground state atoms in which the spin of the valence electron is oriented either up or down in the laboratory, or a spin polarized pure angular momentum state of the excited 3{sup 2}P{sub 3/2} state. Such an excited state makes possible superelastic scattering, where the internal energy of the atom is transferred to the electron during the collision. This turns out to be a very efficient way to study the inelastic scattering process. Unlike sodium, chromium provides an extremely exacting test for theoretical methods because of its very complex electronic structure, not because it is simple. With a valence configuration consisting of five electrons in a half-filled 3d shell, plus another electron in a 4s shell, this atom provides a test case that can challenge even the simplest approximations.

Kelley, M.H.; McClelland, J.J.

1998-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

73

Introducing Fraunhofer Personal reflection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ they are not part of the University. The Centres form an integral part of that country's innovation system while for Sustainable Energy Systems. The Fraunhofer model is certainly applicable to the UK (the Fraunhofer modelIntroducing Fraunhofer Personal reflection I have taken a keen interest in Fraunhofer Geselleschaft

Mottram, Nigel

74

The Reflecting Microscope  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...INVESTIGATION OF CATADIOPTRIC SCHWARZSCHILD SYSTEMS, JOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL...PHYSIOLOGY 32 : 489 ( 1949 ). SCHWARZSCHILD, K, GESELLSCHAFT WISS MP...USE OF REFLECTING SYSTEMS of mirror-pairs in microscope objectives...0.65 with an aspheric mirror-pair of Schwarzsehild...

Robert C. Mellors

1950-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

75

1460 IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 32, NO. 7, JULY 2014 Data Framing Attack on State Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

attack, cyber security, smart grid. I. INTRODUCTION AFEATURE of any future smart grid is the promise such that the control center will remove useful measurements that would otherwise be used by the state estimator degree controlling only half of a critical set of measurements that are needed to make a system

Tong, Lang

76

Correlating catalytic methanol oxidation with the structure and oxidation state of size-1 selected Pt nanoparticles2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the performance of direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC), which produce electricity from11 liquid fuel without1 Correlating catalytic methanol oxidation with the structure and oxidation state of size-1 * Corresponding author: roldan@ucf.edu9 Keywords: platinum; methanol oxidation; operando; XAS; EXAFS; alumina

Kik, Pieter

77

Spectroscopy of O18: C14(7Li,t?)18O reaction; observation of selective enhanced E1 deexcitations of cluster states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The alpha-particle transfer reaction C14(7Li,t?)18O was used to study gamma deexcitation modes in O18 at a bombarding energy EL=15 MeV. In this measurement 4×106 triton-gamma coincidence events were collected. All natural parity states up to the alpha-particle threshold at 6.227 MeV were studied. These data together with our previously published study of states above threshold, using the ?+14C radiative capture reaction, provide relatively complete spectroscopic information on states in O18 up to 8.3 MeV in excitation energy. Previously reported major gamma decay branching ratios were remeasured with higher accuracy and good agreement is found. Several new weak deexcitation modes are reported. Enhanced E1 decays, B(E1)?10-2 Weisskopf unit, were observed among the J?=02+, 11-, 12-, 23+, and 33- states, representing some of the most enhanced E1’s found in even-even nuclei. A strong empirical correlation between enhanced E1 decays and cluster structure is established. These enhanced B(E1)’s suggest a selective deexcitation mode in which the states involved preferentially decay to cluster states. The cluster states are strongly populated in cluster transfer reactions and weakly populated in (t,p) reactions. Predictions of the vibron cluster model are compared with our data. The presence in our data of contaminant lines from C14(7Li,?)17N allowed extraction of some information on N17.

M. Gai; M. Ruscev; D. A. Bromley; J. W. Olness

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Reflection of nanoparticles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work is devoted to molecular dynamics modeling of collision of nanoparticle having a small number of degrees of freedom with a structureless plain. The new regularities are established that determine properties of such particles. Generalized collision law is obtained where particle properties are determined by two coefficient, on of which corresponds to restitution coefficient. The discovered regularity predicts the existence of anomalous mode of particle reflection from a massive plain. In this mode, velocity of nanoparticle after reflection from a plain can exceed the initial one. The criterion of realization of such mode is obtained. Anomalous collision mode was observed during numerical modeling. Physical mechanism are discussed of phenomena that are observed during numerical experiments.

M. A. Ratner; A. V. Tur; V. V. Yanovsky

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

79

CHARACTERIZING COSTS, SAVINGS AND BENEFITS OF A SELECTION OF ENERGY EFFICIENT EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES IN THE UNITED STATES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Implementation and adoption of efficient end-use technologies have proven to be one of the key measures for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions throughout the industries. In many cases, implementing energy efficiency measures is among one of the most cost effective investments that the industry could make in improving efficiency and productivity while reducing CO2 emissions. Over the years, there have been incentives to use resources and energy in a cleaner and more efficient way to create industries that are sustainable and more productive. With the working of energy programs and policies on GHG inventory and regulation, understanding and managing the costs associated with mitigation measures for GHG reductions is very important for the industry and policy makers around the world. Successful implementation of emerging technologies not only can help advance productivities and competitiveness but also can play a significant role in mitigation efforts by saving energy. Providing evaluation and estimation of the costs and energy savings potential of emerging technologies is the focus of our work in this project. The overall goal of the project is to identify and select emerging and under-utilized energy-efficient technologies and practices as they are important to reduce energy consumption in industry while maintaining economic growth. This report contains the results from performing Task 2"Technology evaluation" for the project titled"Research Opportunities in Emerging and Under-Utilized Energy-Efficient Industrial Technologies," which was sponsored by California Energy Commission and managed by CIEE. The project purpose is to analyze market status, market potential, and economic viability of selected technologies applicable to the U.S. In this report, LBNL first performed re-assessments of all of the 33 emerging energy-efficient industrial technologies, including re-evaluation of the 26 technologies that were previously identified by Martin et al. (2000) and their potential significance to energy use in the industries, and new evaluation of additional seven technologies. The re-assessments were essentially updated with recent information that we searched and collected from literature to the extent possible. The progress of selected technologies as they diffused into the marketplace from 2000 to 2010 was then discussed in this report. The report also includes updated detailed characterizations of 15 technologies studied in 2000, with comparisons noted.

Xu, T.; Slaa, J.W.; Sathaye, J.

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

80

Walk the Line: The Development of Route Selection Standards for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-level Radioactive Waste in the United States - 13519  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although storage facilities for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste (HLRW) are widely dispersed throughout the United States, these materials are also relatively concentrated in terms of geographic area. That is, the impacts of storage occur in a very small geographic space. Once shipments begin to a national repository or centralized interim storage facility, the impacts of SNF and HLRW will become more geographically distributed, more publicly visible, and almost certainly more contentious. The selection of shipping routes will likely be a major source of controversy. This paper describes the development of procedures, regulations, and standards for the selection of routes used to ship spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste in the United States. The paper begins by reviewing the circumstances around the development of HM-164 routing guidelines. The paper discusses the significance of New York City versus the Department of Transportation and application of HM-164. The paper describes the methods used to implement those regulations. The paper will also describe the current HM-164 designated routes and will provide a summary data analysis of their characteristics. This analysis will reveal the relatively small spatial scale of the effects of HM 164. The paper will then describe subsequent developments that have affected route selection for these materials. These developments include the use of 'representative routes' found in the Department of Energy (DOE) 2008 Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the formerly proposed Yucca Mountain geologic repository. The paper will describe recommendations related to route selection found in the National Academy of Sciences 2006 report Going the Distance, as well as recommendations found in the 2012 Final Report of the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future. The paper will examine recently promulgated federal regulations (HM-232) for selection of rail routes for hazardous materials transport. The paper concludes that while the HM 164 regime is sufficient for certain applications, it does not provide an adequate basis for a national plan to ship spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste to centralized storage and disposal facilities over a period of 30 to 50 years. (authors)

Dilger, Fred [Black Mountain Research, Henderson, NV 81012 (United States)] [Black Mountain Research, Henderson, NV 81012 (United States); Halstead, Robert J. [State of Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects, Carson City, NV 80906 (United States)] [State of Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects, Carson City, NV 80906 (United States); Ballard, James D. [Department of Sociology, California State University, Northridge, CA 91330 (United States)] [Department of Sociology, California State University, Northridge, CA 91330 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Reflective ghost imaging through turbulence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent work has indicated that ghost imaging may have applications in standoff sensing. However, most theoretical work has addressed transmission-based ghost imaging. To be a viable remote-sensing system, the ghost imager needs to image rough-surfaced targets in reflection through long, turbulent optical paths. We develop, within a Gaussian-state framework, expressions for the spatial resolution, image contrast, and signal-to-noise ratio of such a system. We consider rough-surfaced targets that create fully developed speckle in their returns and Kolmogorov-spectrum turbulence that is uniformly distributed along all propagation paths. We address both classical and nonclassical optical sources, as well as a computational ghost imager.

Hardy, Nicholas D.; Shapiro, Jeffrey H. [Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

The equation of state for stellar envelopes. IV. Thermodynamic quantities and selected ionization fractions for six elemental mixes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The free-energy minimization technique in the form developed in the preceding papers in this series is employed to evaluate thermodynamic quantities and ionization fractions on a fine temperature and density grid for six astrophysical mixtures of 15 elements. The mixtures range from that appropriate to super-metal-rich stars, through solar abundance, to that for extreme Population II objects. In this paper, the results for solar abundances are summarized in a form that is illustrative and which facilitates comparison with the results from other equation of state calculations. 16 refs.

Mihalas, D.; Hummer, D.G.; Mihalas, B.W.; Daeppen, W. (Illinois Univ., Urbana (USA) High Altitude Observatory, Boulder, CO (USA) Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, Boulder, CO (USA) Paris Observatoire, Meudon (France))

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Electron-atom collision studies using optically state selected beams. Progress report, May 15, 1988--May 14, 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses progress made during the current contract period on the authors research program to study collisions between spin-polarized electrons and spin-polarized atoms. The objective of this work is to stimulate a deeper theoretical understanding of the electron-atom interaction by providing the most complete possible experimental characterization of the colliding system. Through the use of optical state preparation techniques to prepare both the incident electrons and atom in well-defined initial states, the authors are able to extract substantially more information about the scattering process than is available from more conventional measurements of differential scattering cross sections. Their primary interest is to study in detail the role played by spin in electron-atom collisions at low to intermediate energies. The additional information provided by these spin-dependent measurements greatly enhances understanding of both exchange and the spin-orbit interaction in the scattering process. During this three-year period they have made substantial progress in measurements of both elastic and superelastic scattering of spin-polarized electrons from optically pumped sodium. The elastic scattering measurements in particular were made possible by several important improvements to the experimental apparatus.

Celotta, R.J.; Kelley, M.H.

1990-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

84

Optical and Thermal Characterization of High Reflective Surface with Applications in Thermal-Solar Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Selective solar absorbing coating consists of a high thermal reflectance layer and high solar absorbance layer deposited over a substrate. In this work optical and thermal properties...

Macias, Juan Daniel; Ramirez Rincon, Jorge Andres; Lizama Tzec, Francisco Ivan; Ares Muzio, Oscar Eduardo; Oskam, Gerko; De Coss Gomez, Romeo; Alvarado Gil, Juan José

85

Optical and Thermal Characterization of High Reflection Surfaces with Applcations in Thermal-Solar Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Selective solar absorbing coating consists of a high thermal reflectance layer and a high solar absorbance layer deposited over a substrate. In this work optical and thermal properties...

Macias, Juan Daniel; Ramirez Rincon, Jorge Andres; Lizama Tzec, Francisco Ivan; Ares Muzio, Oscar Eduardo; Oskam, Gerko; De Coss Gomez, Romeo; Alvarado Gil, Juan José

86

Fr219, a transitional reflection asymmetric nucleus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mass-separated sources of Ac223 (separated as AcF2+) were used to study the level structure of Fr219 following alpha decay. The levels in Fr219 are interpreted in terms of K=1/2±, 3/2±, and 5/2± parity doublet bands which have a natural theoretical explanation in terms of reflection asymmetric models. The 9/2- ground-state member of the K=1/2- band in Fr219 can be understood in terms of both reflection asymmetry and the collapse of the quadrupole-octupole Nilsson orbitals towards the h9/2 orbitals of spherical symmetry. Comparison of the K=1/2- ground-state bands in Fr219 and Fr221 reveals the details of this transformation. Theoretical analysis of the microscopic structure of several of the positive-parity bands indicates the presence of important Nilsson configurations arising from the shell below.

C. F. Liang; P. Paris; J. Kvasil; R. K. Sheline

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Variable area light reflecting assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Device is described for tracking daylight and projecting it into a building. The device tracks the sun and automatically adjusts both the orientation and area of the reflecting surface. The device may be mounted in either a wall or roof of a building. Additionally, multiple devices may be employed in a light shaft in a building, providing daylight to several different floors. The preferred embodiment employs a thin reflective film as the reflecting device. One edge of the reflective film is fixed, and the opposite end is attached to a spring-loaded take-up roller. As the sun moves across the sky, the take-up roller automatically adjusts the angle and surface area of the film. Additionally, louvers may be mounted at the light entrance to the device to reflect incoming daylight in an angle perpendicular to the device to provide maximum reflective capability when daylight enters the device at non-perpendicular angles. 9 figs.

Howard, T.C.

1986-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

88

A replaceable reflective film for solar concentrators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 3M Company manufactures a silvered acrylic film called ECP-305 that is regarded as the preferred reflective film for use on stretched-membrane heliostats. However, ECP-305 will degrade in time, due to both corrosion of the silver layer and delamination at the film's silver-to-acrylic interface, and will eventually need to be replaced. 3M uses a very aggressive adhesive on this film, and once it is laminated, replacement is very difficult. The purpose of this investigation was the development of a replaceable reflector, a reflective film that can be easily removed and replaced. A replaceable reflector was successfully configured by laminating ECP-305 to the top surface of a smooth, dimensionally stable polymer film, with a removable adhesive applied to the underside of the polymer film. Several stages of screening and testing led to the selection of a 0.010-inch thick polycarbonate (GE 8030) as the best polymer film and a medium tack tape (3M Y-9425) was selected as the best removable adhesive. To demonstrate the feasibility of the replaceable reflector concept and to provide a real-time field test, the chosen construction was successfully applied to the 50-m{sup 2} SKI heliostat at the Central Receiver Test Facility at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque. 4 refs., 13 figs., 7 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Recovery Act Selections for Smart Grid Investment Grant Awards...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

State - Updated November 2011 Recovery Act Selections for Smart Grid Investment Grant Awards - By State - Updated November 2011 List of selections for the Smart Grid Investment...

90

Isotope selective near-resonant two-photon ionization of 41Ca isotope via the 4s11s 1S0 intermediate state  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Isotope selective excitation of a 41Ca isotope using a near-resonant two-photon ionization scheme 4s2 1S0-->422.7924...

Sankari, M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Ultrasonic flowmetering with reflected pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A transit time type ultrasonic flowmeter was tested with two different reflected pulse trajectories in flowing air at ambient conditions against an orifice meter. The flowmeter was designed to be highly accurate, to require ...

Hoyle, David C.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Did 1998 Reflect Structural Change?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Did 1998 Reflect Structural Change? Did 1998 Reflect Structural Change? 5/17/99 Click here to start Table of Contents PPT Slide Did 1998 Reflect Structural Change? Demand U.S. Propane Demand Sectors (1996) PPT Slide 1998 Propane Prices Fell with Crude Oil PPT Slide Warm Weather Behind Demand Decline 1998 Warm Weather Kept Demand Down Supply Propane Production Fell in 1998 1998 Propane Net Imports Increased Algeria Was Major Source of ‘98 Import Increase U.S. Chemical Use & Large Storage Attracts Excess Propane Petroleum & Propane Market Over Supply Average Stock Levels: Crude Market & Propane Futures Market Incentives to Build Petroleum Stocks New “Structure” or Cycle? Near-Term Future Large January Draw Did Not Remove Excess How Might Excess Stocks Decline? Near Term U.S. Propane Production

93

Reflection Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Reflection Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Reflection Survey Details Activities (35) Areas (22) Regions (2) NEPA(3) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Seismic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Active Seismic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock unit density influences elastic wave velocities. Stratigraphic/Structural: Structural geology- faults, folds, grabens, horst blocks, sedimentary layering, discontinuities, etc. Hydrological: Combining compressional and shear wave results can indicate the presence of fluid saturation in the formation. Thermal: High temperatures and pressure impact the compressional and shear wave velocities.

94

Using Visible and Near Infrared Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy to Characterize and Classify Soil Profiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solum thicknesses, along with many associated soil properties, an ECa map can be used to employ stratified random sampling to select soil or crop sampling locations (Corwin and Lesch 2005; Johnson et al., 2005). VisNIR Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy...

Wilke, Katrina Margarette

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

95

December2010 AboutReflections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 December2010 AboutReflections On October 22nd , in the Canada Room, almost 50 of us gathered Survey. Asking the assembled company in the Canada Room`what bugs students?' quickly brought. We lead with an article by Professor Phil Race, Emeritus Professor at Leeds Metropolitan University

Müller, Jens-Dominik

96

A comprehensive range of X-ray ionized reflection models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-ray ionized reflection occurs when a surface is irradiated with X-rays so intense that its ionization state is determined by the ionization parameter xi propto F/n, where F is the incident flux and n the gas density. It occurs in accretion, onto compact objects including black holes in both active galaxies and stellar-mass binaries, and possibly in gamma-ray bursts. Computation of model reflection spectra is often time-consuming. Here we present the results from a comprehensive grid of models computed with our code, which has now been extended to include what we consider to be all energetically-important ionization states and transitions. This grid is being made available as an ionized-reflection model, REFLION, for XSPEC.

R. R. Ross; A. C. Fabian

2005-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

97

Cumulus Clouds and Reflected Sunlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cumulus Clouds and Reflected Sunlight Cumulus Clouds and Reflected Sunlight from Landsat ETM+ G. Wen and L. Oreopoulos National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center University of Maryland Baltimore County Joint Center of Earth System Technology Greenbelt, Maryland R. F. Cahalan and S. C. Tsay National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland Introduction Cumulus clouds attenuate solar radiation casting shows on the ground. Cumulus clouds can also enhance solar radiation in the clear region nearby. The enhancement of down-welling solar radiation has been observed at the ground level in the clear region near cumulus clouds (Mims and Frederick 1994). The additional diffuse radiation source from cumulus clouds makes the clear gaps appear to be

98

Comment on the question of reflection asymmetry in Pa229  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The alpha decay hindrance factors from the Pa229 5/2+ ground state to the 5/2± parity doublet bands in Ac225 suggest strong reflection asymmetry in Pa229 and the expectation that a 5/2± parity doublet will be found in this nucleus.

Raymond K. Sheline

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Andreev reflection in bilayer graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the differential conductance of a normal-superconductor junction in clean bilayer graphene in the framework of the Dirac–Bogoliubov–de Gennes equation. A remarkable suppression of the differential conductance at voltages just below the superconducting gap is found. This can be understood in terms of the spinor structures of the electron and hole excitations, in particular, the reflected valence-band hole being orthogonal to the incoming electron at normal incidence.

T. Ludwig

2007-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

100

Reflections on English Language Teaching  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.M. Tsui University of Hong Kong Mark Warschauer University of California, Irvine Qiufang Wen Beijing studies (Baumann & Duffy-Hester, 2002). Yet there has been a call for judicious selection and use

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Selective hydrogen atom abstraction by tritium and deuterium atoms in the radiolysis of tritiated decane at 77 K. Mass effect on solid-state reaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relative yields of five isotopic compounds of hydrogen produced in the radiolysis of partially tritiated deuteriodecane (n-C/sub 10/D/sub 22/(T))-protiated decane (n-C/sub 10/H/sub 22/) mixtures at 77 K were measured by conventional radiogas chromatography. The HT/DT ratio in hydrogen yields is much lower than the HD/D/sub 2/ ratio. Though D atoms react selectively with n-C/sub 10/H/sub 22/, T atoms do not react as selectively with n-C/sub 10/H/sub 22/ as D atoms do. The ratio ((p/sub C/sub 10/H/sub 22///p/sub C/sub 10/D/sub 22//)/sub T) of the reaction probability of the T atoms with n-C/sub 10/H/sub 22/ to that with n-C/sub 10/D/sub 22/ is 4.5-6.3, which is much lower than the ratio ((p/sub C/sub 10/H/sub 22///p/sub C/sub 10/D/sub 22//)/sub D/ = 30) for the D atoms. The ratio for the T atoms in the radiolysis is rather close to the ratio (2.3) for the recoil T atoms. The mass effect on the selective hydrogen atom abstraction reaction in the decane mixtures is discussed. 16 references, 3 figures, 1 table.

Saeki, M.; Tachikawa, E.; Miyazaki, T.; Fujitani, Y.; Fueki, K.

1984-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

102

Selected data for low-temperature (less than 90{sup 0}C) geothermal systems in the United States: reference data for US Geological Survey Circular 892  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Supporting data are presented for the 1982 low-temperature geothermal resource assessment of the United States. Data are presented for 2072 geothermal sites which are representative of 1168 low-temperature geothermal systems identified in 26 States. The low-temperature geothermal systems consist of 978 isolated hydrothermal-convection systems, 148 delineated-area hydrothermal-convection systems, and 42 delineated-area conduction-dominated systems. The basic data and estimates of reservoir conditions are presented for each geothermal system, and energy estimates are given for the accessible resource base, resource, and beneficial heat for each isolated system.

Reed, M.J.; Mariner, R.H.; Brook, C.A.; Sorey, M.L.

1983-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

103

A statistical survey of convective activity for selected stations of the Great Plains Region in the United States for the years 1958 through 1962  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1958- 1962 were collected for Tinker A . F. B. , Oklahoma, Forbes A . F. B. , Kansas, and Offutt A . F . B. , Nebraska . The period 16 March ? 15 September of each year was selected for the study due to the max1mal frequency of occurrence... would encompass a region descr1bed by Oklahoma on the south, North Dakota to the north, Colorado in the west, and Iowa on the east . Tinker A. F . B. , Oklahoma, Forbes A . F . B. , Kansas, and Offutt A . F . B. , Nebraska were chosen as representat1...

Stripling, Grady Duke

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

104

Size-selected Pt Nanoparticles Synthesized via Micelle Encapsulation: Effect of Pretreatment and Oxidation State on the Activity for Methanol Decomposition and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Oxidation State on the Activity for Methanol Decomposition and Oxidation Jason R. Croya , S. Mostafaa,b , H-synthesized Pt nanoparticles supported on ZrO2 was studied for methanol decomposition and oxidation reactions. An O2-pretreatment is observed to be effective for producing clean, stable, and active nanoparticles

Kik, Pieter

105

Independent Oversight Activity Report for Catholic University of America Vitreous State Laboratory Tour and Discussion of Experiments Conducted in Support of Hanford Site Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant Select Systems Design, November 18, 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Report Number: HIAR-VSL-2013-11-18 Site: Catholic University of America - Vitreous State Laboratory (VSL) Subject: Office of Enforcement and Oversight's Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Activity Report for Catholic University of America Vitreous State Laboratory Tour and Discussion of Experiments Conducted in Support of Hanford Site Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant Select Systems Design Date of Activity : 11/18/13 Report Preparer: James O. Low Activity Description/Purpose: Bechtel National, Inc. (BNI) is the contractor responsible for the design and construction of the Hanford Site Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of River Protection. BNI is

106

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS University of Tokyo Noda, Chiba 278-8510, Japan Abstract. Green functions called symbols. Generali* *zing this, we define Green functions associated to complex reflection

Shoj, Toshiaki

107

Spatial Convergence of Bidirectional Reflectance Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analyses of bidirectional reflectance data are presented with implications regarding the spatial scales appropriate for inferring irradiances from radiances reflected by various surface–atmosphere scenes. Multiple-angle radiance data collected in ...

John M. Davis; Stephen K. Cox

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Introduction Abstract reflection groups and abstract buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Abstract reflection groups and abstract buildings Their geometric realizations Compactly supported cohomology L2 -cohomology Cohomology of Coxeter groups and buildings Mike Davis (work groups and buildings #12;Introduction Abstract reflection groups and abstract buildings Their geometric

Vogtmann, Karen

109

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print Wednesday, 26 October 2011 00:00 The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has...

110

Spectral Reflectance of Silicon Photodiodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Silicon photodiodes are among the most popular photodetectors that combine high performance over a wide wavelength range with unparalleled ease of use. High-quality photodiodes, in the form of a trap detector, 1,2 have many significant applications in precision radiometry. Their predictable responsivity in visible and near-infrared ~NIR! wavelengths allows the realization of high-accuracy spectral responsivity scales. 3,4 The spectral responsivity scales can be utilized in, for example, realization of luminous intensity 5,6 and spectral irradiance scales. 7,8 The spectral responsivity of a silicon photodiode is determined by the reflectance of the diode surface r~l! and the internal quantum deficiency d~l!. The values of d~l! and r~l! can be extrapolated 4 by mathematical models. To extrapolate the val

Atte Haapalinna; Petri Kärhä; Erkki Ikonen

111

Selecting Fresh Fruits and Vegetables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

time. Selecting Fresh Fruits and Vegetables Amanda Scott* E-197 9/08 This publication was sponsored by a grant from the Initiative for Future Agriculture Food Systems, a program of the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, which...

Scott, Amanda

2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

112

Reflection Survey (Nannini, 1986) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reflection Survey (Nannini, 1986) Reflection Survey (Nannini, 1986) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey (Nannini, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Unspecified Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes "seismic analyses" - no indication of active/passive, reflection/refraction, etc. ---> "On the contrary, in areas with little or no volcanic activity, assumptions on the nature, size and characteristics of the source of the thermal anomaly are generally much more difficult and hypothetical. In these circumstances, some useful data can be obtained from accurate seismic analyses, together with a seismotectonic and geodynamic

113

Definition: Reflection Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reflection Survey Reflection Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reflection Survey Seismic reflection surveys image the structure of the subsurface through the measurement of the two way travel time of reflected artificially-generated elastic waves.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Seismic Reflection References ↑ http://www.amazon.com/Introduction-Geophysical-Prospecting-Milton-Dobrin/dp/0071004041 Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Reflection_Survey&oldid=598371" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

114

Select Publications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dosanjh » Select Dosanjh » Select Publications Select Publications Sort by: Date | Author | Type 2013 Richard A. Barrett, Shekhar Borkar, Sudip S. Dosanjh, Simon D. Hammond, Michael A. Heroux, X. Sharon Hu, Justin Luitjens, Steven G. Parker, John Shalf, Li Tang, "On the Role of Co-design in High Performance Computing", Transition of HPC Towards Exascale Computing, E.H. D'Hollander et. al (Eds.), IOS Press, 2013, ( November 1, 2013) Download File: Codesign-Paper.pdf (pdf: 867 KB) Rolf Riesen, Sudip Dosanjh, Larry Kaplan, "The ExaChallenge Symposium", IBM Research Paper, August 26, 2013, Download File: ExaChallenge2012.pdf (pdf: 1.4 MB) S. Dosanjh, R. Barrett, D. Doerfler, S. Hammond, K. Hemmert, M. Heroux, P. Lin, K. Pedretti, A. Rodrigues, T. Trucano, J.Juitjens, "Exascale Design

115

Quantitative broadband absorption and scattering spectroscopy in turbid media by combined frequency-domain and steady state methodologies  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A technique for measuring broadband near-infrared absorption spectra of turbid media that uses a combination of frequency-domain and steady-state reflectance methods. Most of the wavelength coverage is provided by a white-light steady-state measurement, whereas the frequency-domain data are acquired at a few selected wavelengths. Coefficients of absorption and reduced scattering derived from the frequency-domain data are used to calibrate the intensity of the steady-state measurements and to determine the reduced scattering coefficient at all wavelengths in the spectral window of interest. The absorption coefficient spectrum is determined by comparing the steady-state reflectance values with the predictions of diffusion theory, wavelength by wavelength. Absorption spectra of a turbid phantom and of human breast tissue in vivo, derived with the combined frequency-domain and steady-state technique, agree well with expected reference values.

Tromberg, Bruce J. (Irvine, CA); Berger, Andrew J. (Rochester, NY); Cerussi, Albert E. (Lake Forest, CA); Bevilacqua, Frederic (Costa Mesa, CA); Jakubowski, Dorota (Irvine, CA)

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

116

Time Correlations in Backscattering Radar Reflectivity Measurements from Cirrus Clouds  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Time Correlations in Backscattering Radar Reflectivity Time Correlations in Backscattering Radar Reflectivity Measurements from Cirrus Clouds K. Ivanova, H. N. Shirer, and E. E. Clothiaux Pennsylvania State University University Park, Pennsylvania T. P. Ackerman Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction The state variables of the atmosphere exhibit correlations at various spatial and temporal scales. These correlations are crucial for understanding short- and long-term trends in climate. Cirrus clouds are important phenomena in the troposphere affecting climate. To improve future parameterization of cirrus clouds in climate models, we must understand the cloud properties and how they change within the cloud. We consider fluctuations of cloud radar signals obtained at isodepths within cirrus clouds

117

Acoustic horn reflectance: Equations and measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reflectance is the transfer function between forward and reflected components of pressure waves that propagate in wave guides such as acoustic horns. Exact solutions to Webster's Horn Equation are only known for a few specific shapes including parabolic conical and exponential. Explicit equations for reflectance in these three horn shapes were recently published for infinite-length horns. Measured reflectance in 3D-printed finite-length examples of these horn shapes show no similarity in the frequency-domain to exact reflectance for infinite-length horns. The similarity improves after adjustments to both the equations and the measurements. New equations were derived for exact reflectance of finite-length horns. Measured reflectance was smoothed by time-domain windowing. In contrast to frequency-domain reflectance comparisons of time-domain reflectance prior to the time sound reaches the end of the horn were not much affected by these adjustments. Because exact equations are known and 3D-printed examples are easy to obtain these three horn shapes may be useful as standards for comparing different reflectance-measurement systems.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Thermonuclear Reflect AB-Reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The author offers a new kind of thermonuclear reflect reactor. The remarkable feature of this new reactor is a three net AB reflector, which confines the high temperature plasma. The plasma loses part of its energy when it contacts with the net but this loss can be compensated by an additional permanent plasma heating. When the plasma is rarefied (has a small density), the heat flow to the AB reflector is not large and the temperature in the triple reflector net is lower than 2000 - 3000 K. This offered AB-reactor has significantly less power then the currently contemplated power reactors with magnetic or inertial confinement (hundreds-thousands of kW, not millions of kW). But it is enough for many vehicles and ships and particularly valuable for tunnelers, subs and space apparatus, where air to burn chemical fuel is at a premium or simply not available. The author has made a number of innovations in this reactor, researched its theory, developed methods of computation, made a sample computation of typical project. The main point of preference for the offered reactor is its likely cheapness as a power source. Key words: Micro-thermonuclear reactor, Multi-reflex AB-thermonuclear reactor, Self-magnetic AB-thermonuclear reactor, aerospace thermonuclear engine.

Alexander Bolonkin

2008-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

119

Photovoltaic module with light reflecting backskin  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic module comprises electrically interconnected and mutually spaced photovoltaic cells that are encapsulated by a light-transmitting encapsulant between a light-transparent front cover and a back cover, with the back cover sheet being an ionomer/nylon alloy embossed with V-shaped grooves running in at least two directions and coated with a light reflecting medium so as to provide light-reflecting facets that are aligned with the spaces between adjacent cells and oriented so as to reflect light falling in those spaces back toward said transparent front cover for further internal reflection onto the solar cells, whereby substantially all of the reflected light will be internally reflected from said cover sheet back to the photovoltaic cells, thereby increasing the current output of the module. The internal reflector improves power output by as much as 67%.

Gonsiorawski, Ronald C. (Danvers, MA)

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

120

DOE Selections  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy awards research grants targeting advances in solid-state lighting. The following links provide information on the recipients of these grants and summaries of the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Reflection Spectra from Photoionized Accretion Discs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review recent progress on the modeling and use of reflection spectra from irradiated and ionized accretion discs. On the computational side, calculations of reflection spectra from discs with non-uniform density structure have shown that thermal instabilities can effect the predictions. Ionized reflection spectra have been used effectively in fitting data of Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 galaxies, and have placed constraints on the strength and shape of soft X-ray emission lines.

D. R. Ballantyne; R. R. Ross; A. C. Fabian

2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

122

Reflectivity in shock wave fronts of xenon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New results for the reflection coefficient of shock-compressed dense xenon plasmas at pressures of 1.6–20 GPa and temperatures around 30?000 K are interpreted. Reflectivities typical of metallic systems are found at high densities. A consistent description of the measured reflectivities is achieved if a finite width of the shock wave front is considered. Several mechanisms to give a microscopic explanation for a finite extension of the shock front are discussed.

T Raitza; H Reinholz; G Röpke; V Mintsev; A Wierling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Plasma Wave Reflection in Slowly Varying Media  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two mathematical formalisms are presented to describe wave reflection in a slowly varying spatially inhomogeneous thermal plasma described by the Vlasov equation. It is found that the transmitted wave which is the Wentzel?Kramer?Brillouin solution and the reflected wave can be expressed in terms of the local dielectric properties of the medium. In a numerical example it is shown that the intrinsic thermal properties of the plasma can supply reflection mechanisms that compete with the reflection coefficient predicted when the plasma is described by fluid equations.

H. L. Berk; C. W. Horton; M. N. Rosenbluth; R. N. Sudan

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Travel Notes and Reflections from the Netherlands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Reflections from the Netherlands by Jennifer Lynne Mustopopulated, country of the Netherlands. The express purposeficking Work in the Netherlands. ” The project explores

Lynne Musto, Jennifer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Phenomenological description of bidirectional surface reflection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenomenological description of bidirectional surface reflection Jan J. Koenderink and Andrea J satellites). In some cases one has (usually approximate, phenomenological) models, but in most cases one

O'Brien, James F.

126

Identification coding schemes for modulated reflectance systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An identifying coding apparatus employing modulated reflectance technology involving a base station emitting a RF signal, with a tag, located remotely from the base station, and containing at least one antenna and predetermined other passive circuit components, receiving the RF signal and reflecting back to the base station a modulated signal indicative of characteristics related to the tag.

Coates, Don M. (Santa Fe, NM); Briles, Scott D. (Los Alamos, NM); Neagley, Daniel L. (Albuquerque, NM); Platts, David (Santa Fe, NM); Clark, David D. (Santa Fe, NM)

2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

127

Linear efficient antialiased displacement and reflectance mapping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present Linear Efficient Antialiased Displacement and Reflectance (LEADR) mapping, a reflectance filtering technique for displacement mapped surfaces. Similarly to LEAN mapping, it employs two mipmapped texture maps, which store the first two moments ... Keywords: BRDF, GPU, LEAN mapping, filtering, microfacet

Jonathan Dupuy; Eric Heitz; Jean-Claude Iehl; Pierre Poulin; Fabrice Neyret; Victor Ostromoukhov

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS TOSHIAKI SHOJI Department of Mathematics Science University of Tokyo Noda, Chiba 278­8510, Japan Abstract. Green functions of classical groups this, we define Green functions associated to complex reflection groups G(e, 1, n), and study

Shoj, Toshiaki

129

Myths with Facts: SEX-SELECTIVE ABORTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Replacing Myths with Facts: SEX-SELECTIVE ABORTION LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES I N T E R N A T I O N rights violations and to develop practical solutions to those problems using interdisciplinary, San Francisco. #12;Replacing Myths with Facts: SEX-SELECTIVE ABORTION LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES JUNE

Butler, Laurie J.

130

Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) Workshop  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NETL Publications NETL Publications 2001 Conference Proceedings Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) Workshop March 29-30, 2001 Table of Contents Disclaimer Papers and Presentations Plenary Session Selected Presentations on Current DOE Work Supporting SECA Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government or any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

131

Photovoltaic converter having apertured reflective enclosure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a photovoltaic converter. It comprises: a photovoltaic cell having an incident face upon which light is directed to cause photogeneration; an enclosure over the incident face, the wall of the enclosure having a reflective inner surface spaced apart from the incident face to permit light reflected from the incident face to be re-reflected by the inner surface and back to the photovoltaic cell; and an aperture through the wall of the enclosure to permit light to fall directly upon the voltaic cell. The ratio of the area of the aperture to the are of the incident face of the photovoltaic cell is less than about 0.2.

Sinton, R.A.; Swanson, R.M.

1990-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

132

X-ray reflection in accreting stellar-mass black hole systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The X-ray spectra of accreting stellar-mass black hole systems exhibit spectral features due to reflection, especially broad iron K alpha emission lines. We investigate the reflection by the accretion disc that can be expected in the high/soft state of such a system. First, we perform a self-consistent calculation of the reflection that results from illumination of a hot, inner portion of the disc with its atmosphere in hydrostatic equilibrium. Then we present reflection spectra for a range of illumination strengths and disc temperatures under the assumption of a constant-density atmosphere. Reflection by a hot accretion disc differs in important ways from that of a much cooler disc, such as that expected in an active galactic nucleus.

R. R. Ross; A. C. Fabian

2007-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

133

ARPA-E Project Selections  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NEUP Project Selections NEUP Project Selections September 21, 2011 These projects have been selected for negotiation of awards; final award amounts may vary. Lead Research University Grant Amount Lead University Location (City, State) Project Description 1) Integrated Research Project Awards Texas A&M University $4,500,000 College Station, TX Researchers will receive $4.5 million over the next three years to research aging of used nuclear fuel and canisters that are stored for an extended period of time. Partners include Boise State University, North Carolina State University, the University of Florida, the University of Illinois-Urbana Champaign, the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Savannah River National Laboratory and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

134

Microsoft Word - Site Selection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Selection Selection One of the very first tasks of General Leslie Groves and the Manhattan Project in early 1943 was to locate and acquire sites in the United States where uranium and plutonium could be produced, as well as a site where the atomic bomb actually would be constructed. Production of uranium and plutonium required vast amounts of power. Thus, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and Hanford, Washington, were chosen because of proximity to major rivers. Oak Ridge could draw on the power of the hydroelectric plants on the Tennessee River. Hanford could use the power from the Columbia River. The cold waters of the Columbia also could be used to cool the plutonium production reactors at Hanford. A third site, with

135

State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Tax Incentives  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

are on line, the cost to the state's general fund is expected to be 20 23 The solar energy tax credits are variable over the life of the facility. The value noted here reflects...

136

ARPA-E Project Selections  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Project Selections Project Selections September 23, 2010 These projects have been selected for negotiation of awards; final award amounts may vary. Lead Research Organization (Partner Organizations) Amount Lead Organization Location (City, State) Technology Focus - Application: Project Title Project Description 1) Innovative Cybersecurity Solutions Grid Protection Alliance (University of Illinois, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, PJM Interconnection, AREVA T&D) $3,215,000 Chattanooga, TN SIEGate: Secure Information Exchange for Electric Grid Operations The Grid Protection Alliance will research, develop, and commercialize a Secure Information Exchange Gateway (SIEGate) that provides secure communication of data between control centers.

137

MACDONALD FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MACDONALD FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS. A generalization of Macdonald o* *perators is also constructed, and we characterize such functions by making use of * *Macdonald operators, assuming a certain conjecture

Shoj, Toshiaki

138

MACDONALD FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MACDONALD FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS TOSHIAKI SHOJI Department version of the above Hall-Littlewood functions, as a generalization of Macdonald functions associated to symmetric groups. A generalization of Macdonald operators is also constructed, and we characterize

Shoj, Toshiaki

139

New dean reflects on Gator Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UF Voices New dean reflects on Gator Engineering No engineer is an island. The most suc- cessful questions facing society. It's an exciting time to be a new dean of engineering -- especially Gator

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

140

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has led to an outburst of research activities in the field of lensless imaging. XFELs...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print Wednesday, 26 October 2011 00:00 The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has led to an outburst of research activities...

142

Frustrated total internal reflection acoustic field sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A frustrated total internal reflection acoustic field sensor which allows the acquisition of the acoustic field over an entire plane, all at once. The sensor finds use in acoustic holography and acoustic diffraction tomography. For example, the sensor may be produced by a transparent plate with transparent support members tall enough to support one or more flexible membranes at an appropriate height for frustrated total internal reflection to occur. An acoustic wave causes the membrane to deflect away from its quiescent position and thus changes the amount of light that tunnels through the gap formed by the support members and into the membrane, and so changes the amount of light reflected by the membrane. The sensor(s) is illuminated by a uniform tight field, and the reflection from the sensor yields acoustic wave amplitude and phase information which can be picked up electronically or otherwise.

Kallman, Jeffrey S. (Pleasanton, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Reflective masks for extreme ultraviolet lithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Extreme ultraviolet lithographic masks are made by patterning multilayer reflective coatings with high normal incidence reflectivity. Masks can be patterned by depositing a patterned absorber layer above the coating or by etching the pattern directly into the coating itself. Electromagnetic simulations showed that absorber-overlayer masks have superior imaging characteristics over etched masks (less sensitive to incident angles and pattern profiles). In an EUVL absorber overlayer mask, defects can occur in the mask substrate, reflective coating, and absorber pattern. Electromagnetic simulations showed that substrate defects cause the most severe image degradation. A printability study of substrate defects for absorber overlayer masks showed that printability of 25 nm high substrate defects are comparable to defects in optical lithography. Simulations also indicated that the manner in which the defects are covered by multilayer reflective coatings can affect printability. Coverage profiles that result in large lateral spreading of defect geometries amplify the printability of the defects by increasing their effective sizes. Coverage profiles of Mo/Si coatings deposited above defects were studied by atomic force microscopy and TEM. Results showed that lateral spread of defect geometry is proportional to height. Undercut at defect also increases the lateral spread. Reductions in defect heights were observed for 0.15 {mu}m wide defect lines. A long-term study of Mo/Si coating reflectivity revealed that Mo/Si coatings with Mo as the top layer suffer significant reductions in reflectivity over time due to oxidation.

Nguyen, Khanh Bao

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Advances in Measuring Solar Reflectance-or, Why That Roof isn't as Cool  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advances in Measuring Solar Reflectance-or, Why That Roof isn't as Cool Advances in Measuring Solar Reflectance-or, Why That Roof isn't as Cool as You Thought it Was Speaker(s): Ronnen Levinson Date: June 30, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: LBNL Bldg. 66 Auditorium Solar reflectance is often used to estimate the solar heat gain and rate the "coolness" of roofs and pavements. A solar reflectance property measured by two popular ASTM standard test methods (E903, C1549) can underestimate the peak solar heat gain of a spectrally selective "cool colored" surface by nearly 100 W m-2 because it assumes that sunlight contains an unrealistically high fraction of near-infrared (invisible) energy. Its use in building energy simulations can overestimate cool-roof annual energy savings by more than 20%. I define a new and simple solar

145

Selective radiative cooling with MgO and/or LiF layers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A material for a wavelength-selective radiative cooling system, the material comprising an infrared-reflective substrate coated with magnesium oxide and/or lithium fluoride in a polycrystalline form. The material is non-absorptive for short wavelengths, absorptive from 8 to 13 microns, and reflective at longer wavelengths. The infrared-reflective substrate inhibits absorption at wavelengths shorter than 8 microns, and the magnesium oxide and/or lithium fluoride layers reflect radiation at wavelengths longer than 13 microns.

Berdahl, Paul H. (Oakland, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Structural adaptations to diverse fighting styles in sexually selected weapons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structural adaptations to diverse fighting styles in sexually selected weapons Erin L. McCullough1 11, 2014 (received for review May 22, 2014) The shapes of sexually selected weapons differ widely weapon shapes reflect structural adaptations to different fighting styles, yet explicit tests

Emlen, Douglas J.

147

Reflection Survey (Majer, 2003) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reflection Survey (Majer, 2003) Reflection Survey (Majer, 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Unspecified Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The goal of this work is to evaluate the most promising methods and approaches that may be used for improved geothermal exploration and reservoir assessment. It is not a comprehensive review of all seismic methods used to date in geothermal environments. This work was motivated by a need to assess current and developing seismic technology that if applied in geothermal cases may greatly improve the chances for locating new geothermal resources and/or improve assessment of current ones. References E. L. Majer (2003) 3-D Seismic Methods For Geothermal Reservoir Exploration And Assessment-Summary

148

X-ray induced optical reflectivity  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

The change in optical reflectivity induced by intense x-ray pulses can now be used to study ultrafast many body responses in solids in the femtosecond time domain. X-ray absorption creates photoelectrons and core level holes subsequently filled by Auger or fluorescence processes, and these excitations ultimately add conduction and valence band carriers that perturb optical reflectivity.Optical absorption associated with band filling and band gap narrowing is shown to explain the basic features found in recent measurements on an insulator (silicon nitride, Si3N4), a semiconductor(gallium arsenide,GaAs), and a metal (gold,Au), obtained with ?100 fs x-ray pulses at 500-2000 eV and probed with 800 nm laser pulses. In particular GaAs exhibits an abrupt drop in reflectivity, persisting only for a time comparable to the x-ray excitation pulse duration, consistent with prompt band gap narrowing.

Durbin, Stephen M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Pigments which reflect infrared radiation from fire  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Conventional paints transmit or absorb most of the intense infrared (IR) radiation emitted by fire, causing them to contribute to the spread of fire. The present invention comprises a fire retardant paint additive that reflects the thermal IR radiation emitted by fire in the 1 to 20 micrometer (.mu.m) wavelength range. The important spectral ranges for fire control are typically about 1 to about 8 .mu.m or, for cool smoky fires, about 2 .mu.m to about 16 .mu.m. The improved inventive coatings reflect adverse electromagnetic energy and slow the spread of fire. Specific IR reflective pigments include titanium dioxide (rutile) and red iron oxide pigments with diameters of about 1 .mu.m to about 2 .mu.m and thin leafing aluminum flake pigments.

Berdahl, Paul H. (Oakland, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Method of making reflecting film reflector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reflector of the reflecting film type is disclosed and which may be used in a heliostatic system for concentrating solar energy and comprising a reflecting film bonded to an appropriate rigid substrate in such a way that specularity of a very high order is achieved. A method of bonding the reflecting film to the substrate is also disclosed and comprises the steps of initially adhering the film to a smooth, clean flat rigid surface with a non-bonding liquid between the rigid surface and film, and then bonding the substrate and film. The non-bonding liquid has a molecular adhesion greater than any stresses due to handling or curing of the bonding agent which is applied between the film and the opposing surface of the rigid substrate.

Cottingham, James G. (Center Moriches, NY)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Pigments which reflect infrared radiation from fire  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Conventional paints transmit or absorb most of the intense infrared (IR) radiation emitted by fire, causing them to contribute to the spread of fire. The present invention comprises a fire retardant paint additive that reflects the thermal IR radiation emitted by fire in the 1 to 20 micrometer ({micro}m) wavelength range. The important spectral ranges for fire control are typically about 1 to about 8 {micro}m or, for cool smoky fires, about 2 {micro}m to about 16 {micro}m. The improved inventive coatings reflect adverse electromagnetic energy and slow the spread of fire. Specific IR reflective pigments include titanium dioxide (rutile) and red iron oxide pigments with diameters of about 1 {micro}m to about 2 {micro}m and thin leafing aluminum flake pigments. 4 figs.

Berdahl, P.H.

1998-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

152

X-RAY REFLECTED SPECTRA FROM ACCRETION DISK MODELS. III. A COMPLETE GRID OF IONIZED REFLECTION CALCULATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a new and complete library of synthetic spectra for modeling the component of emission that is reflected from an illuminated accretion disk. The spectra were computed using an updated version of our code XILLVER that incorporates new routines and a richer atomic database. We offer in the form of a table model an extensive grid of reflection models that cover a wide range of parameters. Each individual model is characterized by the photon index {Gamma} of the illuminating radiation, the ionization parameter {xi} at the surface of the disk (i.e., the ratio of the X-ray flux to the gas density), and the iron abundance A{sub Fe} relative to the solar value. The ranges of the parameters covered are 1.2 {<=} {Gamma} {<=} 3.4, 1 {<=} {xi} {<=} 10{sup 4}, and 0.5 {<=} A{sub Fe} {<=} 10. These ranges capture the physical conditions typically inferred from observations of active galactic nuclei, and also stellar-mass black holes in the hard state. This library is intended for use when the thermal disk flux is faint compared to the incident power-law flux. The models are expected to provide an accurate description of the Fe K emission line, which is the crucial spectral feature used to measure black hole spin. A total of 720 reflection spectra are provided in a single FITS file (http://hea-www.cfa.harvard.edu/{approx}javier/xillver/) suitable for the analysis of X-ray observations via the atable model in XSPEC. Detailed comparisons with previous reflection models illustrate the improvements incorporated in this version of XILLVER.

Garcia, J.; McClintock, J. E. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Dauser, T.; Wilms, J.; Eikmann, W. [Dr. Karl Remeis-Observatory and Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics, Sternwartstr. 7, D-96049 Bamberg (Germany); Reynolds, C. S. [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Kallman, T. R., E-mail: javier@head.cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: jem@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: chris@astro.umd.edu, E-mail: thomas.dauser@sternwarte.uni-erlangen.de, E-mail: joern.wilms@sternwarte.uni-erlangen.de, E-mail: wiebke.eikmann@sternwarte.uni-erlangen.de, E-mail: timothy.r.kallman@nasa.gov [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

153

START Program: 48 Contiguous States  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Overview fact sheet on the selected DOE Office of Indian Energy Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) projects in the 48 contiguous states.

154

Reflection Survey (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Laney, 2005) Laney, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Unspecified Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Seismic Imaging, Majer, Gritto and Daley. The project objective includes the development and application of active seismic methods for improved understanding of the subsurface structure, faults, fractures lithology, and fluid paths in geothermal reservoirs. While the objective of the work previous to FY2003 was concerned with the detection and location of faults and fractures based on an existing 3-D seismic data set collected at the Rye Patch geothermal reservoir, the current work was aimed at investigating

155

Emergence of exponentially small reflected waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the time-dependent scattering of a quantum mechanical wave packet at a barrier for energies larger than the barrier height, in the semi-classical regime. More precisely, we are interested in the leading order of the exponentially small scattered part of the wave packet in the semiclassical parameter when the energy density of the incident wave is sharply peaked around some value. We prove that this reflected part has, to leading order, a Gaussian shape centered on the classical trajectory for all times soon after its birth time. We give explicit formulas and rigorous error bounds for the reflected wave for all of these times.

Volker Betz; Alain Joye; Stefan Teufel

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

156

Reflections on layers of the ionosphere, reflections on ionised meteorite trails,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 1.0 Theoretical point of view 1.1 Is a flash of lightning able to reflect radio waves? Any ionised a reflection of VHF or UHF radio waves. A lightning flash ionised channel can be several kilometres long [6 from a flash of lightning? A CC or a CG lightning flash is com- posed of several phases

Boyer, Edmond

157

Effect of directional dependency of wall reflectivity and incident concentrated solar flux on the efficiency of a cavity solar receiver  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Managing the optical properties of a cavity solar receiver to create spectral and directional selectivities is a solution to improve receiver efficiencies. A reduction in the incident solar power lost by reflection and by emission in a solar receiver allows the absorption of the solar flux to be maximized. This report investigates the influence of the cavity walls directional reflectivity on the thermal radiative efficiency of a cubic cavity solar receiver. A Monte Carlo ray-tracing method is used to calculate the power lost by reflections and by emission with respect to the incident radiation angular distribution and the bidirectional reflectance distribution function of the cavity walls. To study the influence of the directional dependency of the incident flux on the radiative efficiency, four patterns are considered: collimated, diffuse, focused, and Themis incidences. The directional-hemispherical reflectivity for the bottom wall (face to aperture) and lateral walls are distinguished. For diffuse walls, the absorption efficiency is primarily affected by the lateral walls reflectivity because of the back reflection losses. For specular walls, the driving parameter is the bottom wall reflectivity. In addition, the radiative efficiency with thermal emission was studied for the Themis configuration and a slightly weakest dependency of the efficiency on the lateral walls reflectivity was found.

Florent Larrouturou; Cyril Caliot; Gilles Flamant

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Land Surface Reflectance: A Possible Earth Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are in magenta, water bodies are outlined in white. MODIS Surface Reflectance South Africa From: E. Vermote, UMD information ­ Viewing geometry (view and solar zenith and azimuth angles) ­ Geolocation (lat 15, 2005 - Wolfe - San Diego 5 Target Communities · Land earth science community ­ Energy Balance

159

Variational transition state theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research program involves the development of variational transition state theory (VTST) and semiclassical tunneling methods for the calculation of gas-phase reaction rates and selected applications. The applications are selected for their fundamental interest and/or their relevance to combustion.

Truhlar, D.G. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

NASA selects practicing chemist for astronaut training  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration has selected a chemist for its scientist-astronaut program. Dr. John A. Llewellyn, an associate professor of chemistry at Florida State University, is the first practicing chemist to be chosen for the ...

1967-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Amartya Sen: Reflections on Theory in the Social Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Amartya Sen: Reflections on Theory in the Social Scienceswelcomes Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen, Lamont University

Kreisler, Harry

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

V-022: Attachmate Reflection Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2: Attachmate Reflection Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities 2: Attachmate Reflection Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities V-022: Attachmate Reflection Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities November 13, 2012 - 1:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Attachmate Reflection Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities PLATFORM: Reflection X 2011 Reflection Suite for X 2011 Reflection for Secure IT Server for Windows Reflection for Secure IT Client and Server for UNIX ABSTRACT: Security issues related to Reflection PKI Services Manager REFERENCE LINKS: PKI Services Manager Technical Note 2560 Secunia Advisory SA51256 CVE-2012-0551 CVE-2012-1711 CVE-2012-1713 CVE-2012-1716 CVE-2012-1717 CVE-2012-1718 CVE-2012-1719 CVE-2012-1720 CVE-2012-1721 CVE-2012-1722 CVE-2012-1723 CVE-2012-1724 CVE-2012-1725 CVE-2012-1726 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High DISCUSSION: Attachmate has acknowledged multiple vulnerabilities in some Reflection

163

Candidate Selection Instrument  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The candidate selection instrument is designed to take the guesswork out of selecting candidates for the various career development programs of interest. The instrument is straightforward and...

164

U.S. Reflects World Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: U.S. crude oil inventories reflect the world situation. U.S. inventories were drawn down in 1999 as world demand exceeded world supply of crude oil as OPEC cut back on production. Low crude oil inventories go hand in hand with low product inventories. Product inventories were also drawn down to help meet demand, as was seen with gasoline this Spring. The rise in crude oil inventories earlier this year, while indicating an improvement in the market balance, appears to be short-lived, just as we had predicted a few months ago. Looking at U.S. crude stock levels in April and May can be misleading, since increases then were more reflective of the surge in WTI and U.S. product prices in the 1st quarter. With U.S. crude oil stocks drawn down by more than 20 million barrels from

165

Reflection of Anatolian Culture in Poster Design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract ‘Visual’ in ‘visual culture’ can be defined as “everything that is visual, functional, communicational and/or having aesthetic purpose produced, interpreted or formed by people” (Barnard, 2002; 34). Accordingly poster is not only a tool that transmits a message, information or that introduces or advertises a product but also a visual cultural element. Just like other visual cultural elements, poster as well is in interaction with the society. In this two way interaction while society's culture, political and social perceptions, level of education, aesthetic tastes influence the production process of the poster, the posters too influence and transform the society. Poster artists and designers are producing studies sometimes affected by the society that they are within, and also sometimes intentionally reflecting the culture of the society that they are addressing. In this context in this study, reflections of the Anatolian culture in poster designs will be examined with visual examples.

Banu ?nanç Uyan Dur

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Global cooling updates: Reflective roofs and pavements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With increasing the solar reflectance of urban surfaces, the outflow of short-wave solar radiation increases, less solar heat energy is absorbed leading to lower surface temperatures and reduced outflow of thermal radiation into the atmosphere. This process of “negative radiative forcing” effectively counters global warming. Cool roofs also reduce cooling-energy use in air conditioned buildings and increase comfort in unconditioned buildings; and cool roofs and cool pavements mitigate summer urban heat islands, improving outdoor air quality and comfort. Installing cool roofs and cool pavements in cities worldwide is a compelling win–win–win activity that can be undertaken immediately, outside of international negotiations to cap CO2 emissions. We review the status of cool roof and cool pavements technologies, policies, and programs in the U.S., Europe, and Asia. We propose an international campaign to use solar reflective materials when roofs and pavements are built or resurfaced in temperate and tropical regions.

Hashem Akbari; H. Damon Matthews

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Reflections on Cambridge: Reflections on Isaac Newton, discovery and Cambridge - with apple tree  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reflections about the life and effects of Isaac Newton in Cambridge, filmed outside Trinity College, with the descendant of his apple tree behind (and the rooms where he lived and worked). Filmed by Xu Bei in 2009....

Macfarlane, Alan

168

Can we measure terrestrial photosynthesis from space directly, using spectral reflectance and fluorescence?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can we measure terrestrial photosynthesis from space directly, using spectral reflectance the changes in the xanthophyll cycle, which is closely coupled to photosynthesis. Several studies have shown of fluorescence, which is a directly related to the efficiency of photosynthesis. We discuss the state of the art

Jones, Peter JS

169

Compact reflective imaging spectrometer utilizing immersed gratings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact imaging spectrometer comprising an entrance slit for directing light, a first mirror that receives said light and reflects said light, an immersive diffraction grating that diffracts said light, a second mirror that focuses said light, and a detector array that receives said focused light. The compact imaging spectrometer can be utilized for remote sensing imaging spectrometers where size and weight are of primary importance.

Chrisp, Michael P. (Danville, CA)

2006-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

170

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print Wednesday, 26 October 2011 00:00 The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has led to an outburst of research activities in the field of lensless imaging. XFELs combine the advantages of sychrotron light sources (high brightness and x-ray wavelengths relevant to atomic and molecular phenomena) with the advantages of visible-light lasers (highly coherent beams). All of these characteristics are important for coherent x-ray diffraction imaging-lensless imaging techniques that are proving to be integral to single-shot, high-resolution imaging of both complex materials and biological samples. Existing techniques are typically designed for transmission geometry, however, and use isolated objects, requiring special sample fabrication and restricting the type of samples under investigation. Recently, researchers from the ALS and the University of Oregon have shown at ALS Beamline 12.0.2 that it is possible to form x-ray holograms in reflection geometry by using the light scattered from a sample, opening the door to lensless imaging of a wealth of new material samples.

171

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has led to an outburst of research activities in the field of lensless imaging. XFELs combine the advantages of sychrotron light sources (high brightness and x-ray wavelengths relevant to atomic and molecular phenomena) with the advantages of visible-light lasers (highly coherent beams). All of these characteristics are important for coherent x-ray diffraction imaging-lensless imaging techniques that are proving to be integral to single-shot, high-resolution imaging of both complex materials and biological samples. Existing techniques are typically designed for transmission geometry, however, and use isolated objects, requiring special sample fabrication and restricting the type of samples under investigation. Recently, researchers from the ALS and the University of Oregon have shown at ALS Beamline 12.0.2 that it is possible to form x-ray holograms in reflection geometry by using the light scattered from a sample, opening the door to lensless imaging of a wealth of new material samples.

172

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has led to an outburst of research activities in the field of lensless imaging. XFELs combine the advantages of sychrotron light sources (high brightness and x-ray wavelengths relevant to atomic and molecular phenomena) with the advantages of visible-light lasers (highly coherent beams). All of these characteristics are important for coherent x-ray diffraction imaging-lensless imaging techniques that are proving to be integral to single-shot, high-resolution imaging of both complex materials and biological samples. Existing techniques are typically designed for transmission geometry, however, and use isolated objects, requiring special sample fabrication and restricting the type of samples under investigation. Recently, researchers from the ALS and the University of Oregon have shown at ALS Beamline 12.0.2 that it is possible to form x-ray holograms in reflection geometry by using the light scattered from a sample, opening the door to lensless imaging of a wealth of new material samples.

173

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has led to an outburst of research activities in the field of lensless imaging. XFELs combine the advantages of sychrotron light sources (high brightness and x-ray wavelengths relevant to atomic and molecular phenomena) with the advantages of visible-light lasers (highly coherent beams). All of these characteristics are important for coherent x-ray diffraction imaging-lensless imaging techniques that are proving to be integral to single-shot, high-resolution imaging of both complex materials and biological samples. Existing techniques are typically designed for transmission geometry, however, and use isolated objects, requiring special sample fabrication and restricting the type of samples under investigation. Recently, researchers from the ALS and the University of Oregon have shown at ALS Beamline 12.0.2 that it is possible to form x-ray holograms in reflection geometry by using the light scattered from a sample, opening the door to lensless imaging of a wealth of new material samples.

174

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has led to an outburst of research activities in the field of lensless imaging. XFELs combine the advantages of sychrotron light sources (high brightness and x-ray wavelengths relevant to atomic and molecular phenomena) with the advantages of visible-light lasers (highly coherent beams). All of these characteristics are important for coherent x-ray diffraction imaging-lensless imaging techniques that are proving to be integral to single-shot, high-resolution imaging of both complex materials and biological samples. Existing techniques are typically designed for transmission geometry, however, and use isolated objects, requiring special sample fabrication and restricting the type of samples under investigation. Recently, researchers from the ALS and the University of Oregon have shown at ALS Beamline 12.0.2 that it is possible to form x-ray holograms in reflection geometry by using the light scattered from a sample, opening the door to lensless imaging of a wealth of new material samples.

175

Aberration-free, all-reflective laser pulse stretcher  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An all-reflective pulse stretcher for laser systems employing chirped-pulse amplification enables on-axis use of the focusing mirror which results in ease of use, significantly decreased sensitivity to alignment and near aberration-free performance. By using a new type of diffraction grating which contains a mirror incorporated into the grating, the stretcher contains only three elements: 1) the grating, 2) a spherical or parabolic focusing mirror, and 3) a flat mirror. Addition of a fourth component, a retro-reflector, enables multiple passes of the same stretcher resulting in stretching ratios beyond the current state of the art in a simple and compact design. The pulse stretcher has been used to stretch pulses from 20 fsec to over 600 psec (a stretching ratio in excess of 30,000).

Perry, Michael D. (Livermore, CA); Banks, Paul S. (Livermore, CA); Stuart, Brent C. (Fremont, CA); Fochs, Scott N. (Livermore, CA)

1999-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

176

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data 6. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama Alabama W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Georgia W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Illinois - - - - - W W W W - W Colorado Alabama - W W W W W W W W - W Colorado Arizona W W W W W W W W W W W Colorado Arkansas - - - - W W W W - - -

177

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5. Estimated barge transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data 5. Estimated barge transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama $4.31 $4.36 $5.01 7.9 15.0 Alabama Ohio W - - - - Colorado Alabama W - - - - Colorado Florida $11.08 $12.65 $13.27 9.4 4.9 Colorado Indiana $6.29 W - - - Colorado Iowa W - - - - Colorado Kentucky W - - - - Colorado Mississippi - - W - - Colorado Ohio - W - - - Colorado Tennessee W - - - - Illinois Alabama W $13.15 $14.28 W 8.6

178

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8. Estimated truck transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data 8. Estimated truck transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama W W W W W Alabama Georgia - - W - - Alabama Indiana W W - - - Colorado Colorado W W W W W Colorado Michigan - - W - - Illinois Florida W - - - - Illinois Illinois $7.51 $4.74 $3.37 -33.0 -28.8 Illinois Indiana W W - - - Illinois Minnesota W W - - - Illinois Missouri $21.73 $20.23 $13.30 -21.8 -34.3 Indiana Alabama - W - - -

179

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data 5. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama Alabama W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Georgia W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Illinois - - - - - W W W W - W Colorado Alabama - W W W W W W W W - W Colorado Arizona W W W W W W W W W W W Colorado Arkansas - - - - W W W W - - -

180

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data 4. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama Alabama W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Georgia W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Illinois - - - - - W W W W - W Colorado Alabama - W W W W W W W W - W Colorado Arizona W W W W W W W W W W W Colorado Arkansas - - - - W W W W - - -

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6. Estimated barge transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data 6. Estimated barge transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama $3.97 $3.97 $4.52 6.7 13.7 Alabama Ohio W - - - - Colorado Alabama W - - - - Colorado Florida $10.21 $11.53 $11.95 8.2 3.7 Colorado Indiana $5.79 W - - - Colorado Iowa W - - - - Colorado Kentucky W - - - - Colorado Mississippi - - W - - Colorado Ohio - W - - - Colorado Tennessee W - - - - Illinois Alabama W $11.99 $12.87 W 7.3

182

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7. Estimated truck transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data 7. Estimated truck transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama W W W W W Alabama Georgia - - W - - Alabama Indiana W W - - - Colorado Colorado W W W W W Colorado Michigan - - W - - Illinois Florida W - - - - Illinois Illinois $8.16 $5.20 $3.75 -32.2 -27.9 Illinois Indiana W W - - - Illinois Minnesota W W - - - Illinois Missouri $23.60 $22.20 $14.77 -20.9 -33.5 Indiana Alabama - W - - -

183

ONLINE OPTIMIZATION AND SELECTION OF MEASUREMENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

117 Chapter 7 ON­LINE OPTIMIZATION AND SELECTION OF MEASUREMENTS This is the last of three chapters that discuss optimal operation of a general heat exchanger network. A method that combines the use of steady state optimization and decentralized feedback control is proposed. A general steady state model

Skogestad, Sigurd

184

Measuring solar reflectance-Part I: Defining a metric that accurately  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

solar reflectance-Part I: Defining a metric that accurately solar reflectance-Part I: Defining a metric that accurately predicts solar heat gain Title Measuring solar reflectance-Part I: Defining a metric that accurately predicts solar heat gain Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2010 Authors Levinson, Ronnen M., Hashem Akbari, and Paul Berdahl Journal Solar Energy Volume 84 Pagination 1717-1744 Keywords Heat Island, Methods & Protocols Abstract Solar reflectance can vary with the spectral and angular distributions of incident sunlight, which in turn depend on surface orientation, solar position and atmospheric conditions. A widely used solar reflectance metric based on the ASTM Standard E891 beam-normal solar spectral irradiance underestimates the solar heat gain of a spectrally selective "cool colored" surface because this irradiance contains a greater fraction of near-infrared light than typically found in ordinary (unconcentrated) global sunlight. At mainland US latitudes, this metric RE891BN can underestimate the annual peak solar heat gain of a typical roof or pavement (slope 5:12 [23°]) by as much as 89 W m-2, and underestimate its peak surface temperature by up to 5 K. Using RE891BN to characterize roofs in a building energy simulation can exaggerate the economic value N of annual cool roof net energy savings by as much as 23%.

185

Pupil dilation reflects perceptual selection and predicts subsequent stability in perceptual rivalry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

G 81 Universita¨tstrasse, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland; Vision Sciences Laboratory, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138; and §Brain Research Institute, Waterdale Road Heidelberg lights in the dominant or suppressed eye during binocular rivalry (6­8). These findings remain intriguing

Koch, Christof

186

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysis selected case Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cases: Using Easy Search o Click US Legal o Select "Federal... By Terms Enter search terms Select a jurisdiction (e.g., you may select ALL Federal & State Cases......

187

Photodetachment of H$^{-}$ near a partial reflecting surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theoretical and interpretative study on the subject of photodetachment of H$^{-}$ near a partial reflecting surface is presented, and the absorption effect of the surface is investigated on the total and differential cross sections using a theoretical imaging method. To understand the absorption effect, a reflection parameter $K$ is introduced as a multiplicative factor to the outgoing detached-electron wave of H$^-$ propagating toward the wall. The reflection parameter measures, how much electron wave would reflect from the surface; K=0 corresponds to no reflection and K=1 corresponds to the total reflection.

A. Afaq

2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

188

Meta-Sociology: Doings and Reflections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and to participate. '. "Lik I have called my remarks "Meta-Sociology: Doings and ReflectIo~s. LI e many of you, I am not quite sure what "meta" means, but, kn?Wlng t~at George Ritzer was going to address ~ relate~ theme, I was depending o~ him to give you the in... undergraduate degree ~~ . How can I make you understand what the first few days and weeks 10 Lawrence meant to me? It was my first time living apart from my family; it was my first museum; my first art. gallery. It was my. first e?'P0sure.to .live classical...

Scott, W. Richard

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Reflective echo tomographic imaging using acoustic beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An inspection system includes a plurality of acoustic beamformers, where each of the plurality of acoustic beamformers including a plurality of acoustic transmitter elements. The system also includes at least one controller configured for causing each of the plurality of acoustic beamformers to generate an acoustic beam directed to a point in a volume of interest during a first time. Based on a reflected wave intensity detected at a plurality of acoustic receiver elements, an image of the volume of interest can be generated.

Kisner, Roger; Santos-Villalobos, Hector J

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

190

Reflectivity of Shock Compressed Xenon Plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental results for the reflection coefficient of shock-compressed dense Xenon plasmas at pressures of 1.6 - 17 GPa and temperatures around 30 000 K using a laser beam with \\lambda = 1.06 10^-6 m are compared with calculations based on different theoretical approaches to the dynamical collision frequency. It is found that a reasonable description can be given assuming a spatial electron density profile corresponding to a finite width of the shock wave front of about $2 10^-6 m.

Reinholz, H; Wierling, A; Mintsev, V; Gryaznov, V

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with high photon efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Imaging the 3D structure and reflectivity of a scene can be done using photon-counting detectors. Traditional imagers of this type typically require hundreds of detected photons per pixel for accurate 3D and reflectivity ...

Shin, Dongeek

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The effect of rock density in synthesizing seismic reflection records  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was gained on the relative significance of rock densities in determining the reflection coefficient. The error which would be expected in the reflection coefficient at an interface when computed from the velocity inforsmtion only can be estimated from... was gained on the relative significance of rock densities in determining the reflection coefficient. The error which would be expected in the reflection coefficient at an interface when computed from the velocity inforsmtion only can be estimated from...

Morris, Gerald Brooks

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

193

Camera-based reflectivity measurement for solar thermal applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tubular receivers for solar thermal power plants, specifically tower plants, are in common use, in plantsCamera-based reflectivity measurement for solar thermal applications John D. Pye1 , Clifford K. Ho2 of the solar-weighted reflectivity of the receiver component in CSP systems. Such reflectivity measurement

194

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data 8. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama $13.29 $12.39 $13.93 2.4 12.5 Alabama Georgia $17.62 $17.84 $20.09 6.8 12.6 Alabama Kentucky - W - - - Alabama New Jersey W - - - - Alabama Pennsylvania - W - - - Arizona Arizona W W W W W Colorado Alabama $31.79 $27.66 $24.93 -11.5 -9.9 Colorado Arizona $25.97 W - - - Colorado Arkansas W - - - - Colorado California - $34.20 $46.22 - 35.1 Colorado Colorado $13.04 $7.72 $8.13 -21.1 5.3

195

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama $14.43 $13.59 $15.46 3.5 13.8 Alabama Georgia $19.13 $19.58 $22.30 8.0 13.9 Alabama Kentucky - W - - - Alabama New Jersey W - - - - Alabama Pennsylvania - W - - - Arizona Arizona W W W W W Colorado Alabama $34.52 $30.35 $27.67 -10.5 -8.8 Colorado Arizona $28.20 W - - - Colorado Arkansas W - - - - Colorado California - $37.53 $51.30 - 36.7 Colorado Colorado $14.16 $8.47 $9.02 -20.2 6.6

196

Pump Selection Considerations  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This tip sheet outlines important pump selection considerations, including fluid properties and pumping system end use requirements.

197

Molecular Components of Catalytic Selectivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Selectivity, that is, to produce one molecule out of many other thermodynamically feasible product molecules, is the key concept to develop 'clean manufacturing' processes that do not produce byproducts (green chemistry). Small differences in potential energy barriers for elementary reaction steps control which reaction channel is more likely to yield the desired product molecule (selectivity), instead of the overall activation energy for the reaction that controls turnover rates (activity). Recent studies have demonstrated the atomic- or molecular-level tailoring of parameters such as the surface structures of active sites that give rise to nanoparticle size and shape dependence of turnover rates and reaction selectivities. Here, we highlight seven molecular components that influence reaction selectivities. These include: surface structure, adsorbate-induced restructuring, adsorbate mobility, reaction intermediates, surface composition, charge transport, and oxidation states for model metal single crystal and colloid nanoparticle catalysts. We show examples of their functioning and describe in-situ instruments that permit us to investigate their roles in surface reactions.

Somorjai, Gabor A.; Park, Jeong Y.

2008-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

198

Phase diagram of selectively cross-linked block copolymers shows chemically microstructured gel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study analytically the intricate phase behavior of cross-linked $AB$ diblock copolymer melts, which can undergo two main phase transitions due to quenched random constraints: Gelation, i.e., spatially random localization of polymers forming a system-spanning cluster, is driven by increasing the number parameter $\\mu$ of irreversible, type-selective cross-links between random pairs of $A$ blocks. Self-assembly into a periodic pattern of $A$/$B$-rich microdomains (microphase separation) is controlled by the $AB$ incompatibility $\\chi$ inversely proportional to temperature. Our model aims to capture the system's essential microscopic features, including an ensemble of random networks that reflects spatial correlations at the instant of cross-linking. We identify suitable order parameters and derive a free-energy functional in the spirit of Landau theory that allows us to trace a phase diagram in the plane of $\\mu$ and $\\chi$. Selective cross-links promote microphase separation at higher critical temperatures than in uncross-linked diblock copolymer melts. Microphase separation in the liquid state facilitates gelation, giving rise to a novel gel state whose chemical composition density mirrors the periodic $AB$ pattern.

Alice von der Heydt; Annette Zippelius

2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

199

Intra-Cavity Total Reflection For High Sensitivity Measurement Of Optical Properties  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical cavity resonator device is provided for conducting sensitive murement of optical absorption by matter in any state with diffraction-limited spatial resolution through utilization of total internal reflection within a high-Q (high quality, low loss) optical cavity. Intracavity total reflection generates an evanescent wave that decays exponentially in space at a point external to the cavity, thereby providing a localized region where absorbing materials can be sensitively probed through alteration of the Q-factor of the otherwise isolated cavity. When a laser pulse is injected into the cavity and passes through the evanescent state, an amplitude loss resulting from absorption is incurred that reduces the lifetime of the pulse in the cavity. By monitoring the decay of the injected pulse, the absorption coefficient of manner within the evanescent wave region is accurately obtained from the decay time measurement.

Pipino, Andrew C. R. (Gaithersburg, MD); Hudgens, Jeffrey W. (Rockville, MD)

1999-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

200

Intra-Cavity Total Reflection For High Sensitivity Measurement Of Optical Properties  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical cavity resonator device is provided for conducting sensitive murement of optical absorption by matter in any state with diffraction-limited spatial resolution through utilization of total internal reflection within a high-Q (high quality, low loss) optical cavity. Intracavity total reflection generates an evanescent wave that decays exponentially in space at a point external to the cavity, thereby providing a localized region where absorbing materials can be sensitively probed through alteration of the Q-factor of the otherwise isolated cavity. When a laser pulse is injected into the cavity and passes through the evanescent state, an amplitude loss resulting from absorption is incurred that reduces the lifetime of the pulse in the cavity. By monitoring the decay of the injected pulse, the absorption coefficient of manner within the evanescent wave region is accurately obtained from the decay time measurement.

Pipino, Andrew Charles Rule (Gaithersburg, MD)

1999-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Retrofit Ramp-Up Selected Projects* | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Retrofit Ramp-Up Selected Projects* Retrofit Ramp-Up Selected Projects* Retrofit Ramp-Up Selected Projects* Brief descriptions of retrofit ramp projects throughout the nation including: Austin, Texas; Boulder County, Colorado;Camden, New Jersey;Chicago;Cincinnati,Ohio;Greensboro, North Carolina;Indianapolis, Indiana;Kansas City, Missouri;Los Angeles County, California;Lowell, Massachusetts;State of Maine;State of Maryland;State of Michigan;State of Missouri;Omaha, Nebraska;State of New Hampshire;New York State Research and Development Authority;Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;Phoenix, Arizona;Portland, Oregon;San Antonio, Texas;Seattle, Washington;Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance;Toledo-Lucas County Port Authority, Ohio;Wisconsin Energy Conservation Corporation Retrofit Ramp-Up Selected Projects*

202

Whole House Thermal Performance of Asphalt Shingles Exploiting Special Infrared Reflective Pigments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are single-family detached houses (State of California 2000). In California, residential air-conditioning loads represent almost 14% of the summer peak demand, the equivalent of over 7,000 MW of peak capacity during a hot California summer day... surface temperatures reduce the cooling- energy demand of the building and could increase the life of the roof product. However, determining the effects of climate and solar exposure on reflectance and color variability over time is of paramount...

Hahn, L.; Miller, W.; Desjarlais, A.; Jacobs, J.; Youngquist, A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Optimization of experimental conditions in IR reflectance determination of BPSG properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experiments were performed to examine sensitivity of thin-film property determinations to several experimental variables when applying multivariate calibration methods to infrared reflection spectroscopic data. Results indicate that low angles of incidence are best for robust quantitative determination of boron, phosphorus, and film thickness in borophosphosilicate glass (BPSG) dielectric films. However, the polarization state of the incidence beam does not affect the quantitative prediction ability.

Zhang, L.; Franke, J.E.; Niemczyk, T.M. [New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Haaland, D.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Internal Reflection Sensor for the Cone Penetrometer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this project are to design, assemble, test, and demonstrate a prototype Internal Reflection Sensor (IRS) for the cone penetrometer. The sensor will ultimately be deployed during site characterization with the goal of providing real-time, in situ detection of NonAqueous Phase Liquids (NAPLs) in the subsurface. In the first phase of this program, we have designed and assembled an IRS module that interfaces directly to a standard cone penetrometer system. Laboratory tests demonstrated that the sensor responds in real-time to a wide variety of free phase NAPLs without interference from natural materials such as water and soil of various types or dissolved contaminants. In a preliminary field test, the sensor was able to locate NAPLs at thin, discrete depths in a soil test pit when deployed with a cone penetrometer. Ruggedness of the device was tested with a series of penetrometer pushes to the depth of refusal at a clean location. There was no visible damage to the sensor and its performance did not change in the course of these experiments. Based on the successes of the Phase I program, it is recommended that the project proceed to full-scale demonstration in Phase II.

Job Bello

1998-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

205

LED structure with enhanced mirror reflectivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Embodiments of the present invention are generally related to LED chips having improved overall emission by reducing the light-absorbing effects of barrier layers adjacent mirror contacts. In one embodiment, a LED chip comprises one or more LEDs, with each LED having an active region, a first contact under the active region having a highly reflective mirror, and a barrier layer adjacent the mirror. The barrier layer is smaller than the mirror such that it does not extend beyond the periphery of the mirror. In another possible embodiment, an insulator is further provided, with the insulator adjacent the barrier layer and adjacent portions of the mirror not contacted by the active region or by the barrier layer. In yet another embodiment, a second contact is provided on the active region. In a further embodiment, the barrier layer is smaller than the mirror such that the periphery of the mirror is at least 40% free of the barrier layer, and the second contact is below the first contact and accessible from the bottom of the chip.

Bergmann, Michael; Donofrio, Matthew; Heikman, Sten; Schneider, Kevin S; Haberern, Kevin W; Edmond, John A

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

OPEC 1991 results reflect hard times  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports that low crude oil prices and economic tough times in industrial countries cause a lean 1991 for members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. OPEC's 1991 annual report the member countries reported an overall loss of $12 billion in 1991 on oil revenues that fell 16.2%. Iraq and Kuwait were not included because of their unusual circumstances in the wake of the Persian Gulf war. Reduced oil revenues reflected a slide to $18.66/bbl in 1991 from $22.26/bbl in 1990 for the average price of OPEC basket crudes. As of last June 5 OPEC's basket crude price has averaged only $17.42/bbl this year, OPEC News Agency (Opecna) reported. First quarter 1992 prices averaged $16.77/bbl, compared wit $19.31/bbl in fourth quarter 1991. The average price jumped 52 cent/bbl the first week in June this year to $19.93/bbl, bouyed by Saudi Arabia's move at the end of May to shift its policy from price moderation to one in favor of higher prices, Opecna the. OPEC members increased production 1% in 1991 to an average 23.28 million b/d in spite of negligible production from Iraq and Kuwait and reduced production from Qatar.

Not Available

1992-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

207

Salt Selected (FINAL)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

WHY SALT WAS SELECTED AS A DISPOSAL MEDIUM WHY SALT WAS SELECTED AS A DISPOSAL MEDIUM Waste Isolation Pilot Plant U.S. Department Of Energy Government officials and scientists chose the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) site through a selection process that started in the 1950s. At that time, the National Academy of Sciences conducted a nationwide search for geological formations stable enough to contain radioactive wastes for thousands of years. In 1955, after extensive

208

Frequency selective infrared sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A frequency selective infrared (IR) photodetector having a predetermined frequency band. The exemplary frequency selective photodetector includes: a dielectric IR absorber having a first surface and a second surface substantially parallel to the first surface; an electrode electrically coupled to the first surface of the dielectric IR absorber; and a frequency selective surface plasmonic (FSSP) structure formed on the second surface of the dielectric IR absorber. The FSSP structure is designed to selectively transmit radiation in the predetermined frequency band that is incident on the FSSP structure substantially independent of the angle of incidence of the incident radiation on the FSSP structure.

Davids, Paul; Peters, David W

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

209

Insulation Monitors Settings Selection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the chapter general requirements set to insulation monitors selection in AC and DC networks ... given. Examples of regulations requirements for circuits insulation equivalent resistance are presented. Traditio...

Piotr Olszowiec

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Frequency selective infrared sensors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A frequency selective infrared (IR) photodetector having a predetermined frequency band. The exemplary frequency selective photodetector includes: a dielectric IR absorber having a first surface and a second surface substantially parallel to the first surface; an electrode electrically coupled to the first surface of the dielectric IR absorber; and a frequency selective surface plasmonic (FSSP) structure formed on the second surface of the dielectric IR absorber. The FSSP structure is designed to selectively transmit radiation in the predetermined frequency band that is incident on the FSSP structure substantially independent of the angle of incidence of the incident radiation on the FSSP structure.

Davids, Paul; Peters, David W

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

211

Pure nuclear reflections in case of nuclear level crossing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of the time-differential decay of the collective nuclear excitation in yttrium iron garnet have been performed to observe the (002) pure nuclear reflection versus the splitting within two d sites. Even when the energy levels of the two sites are identical, the reflectivity amplitude does not vanish. This is a new realization of a pure nuclear reflection. It arises in case of nuclear level crossing of two d sites because their eigenvectors are not identical.

R. Rüffer; E. Gerdau; H. D. Rüter; W. Sturhahn; R. Hollatz; A. Schneider

1989-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

212

Advanced Concepts in Josephson Junction Reflection Amplifiers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low-noise amplification atmicrowave frequencies has become increasingly important for the research related to superconducting qubits and nanoelectromechanical systems. The fundamental limit of added noise by a phase-preserving amplifier is the standard quantum limit, often expressed as noise temperature $T_{q} = \\hbar {\\omega}/2k_{B}$. Towards the goal of the quantum limit, we have developed an amplifier based on intrinsic negative resistance of a selectively damped Josephson junction. Here we present measurement results on previously proposed wide-band microwave amplification and discuss the challenges for improvements on the existing designs. We have also studied flux-pumped metamaterial-based parametric amplifiers, whose operating frequency can be widely tuned by external DC-flux, and demonstrate operation at $2\\omega$ pumping, in contrast to the typical metamaterial amplifiers pumped via signal lines at $\\omega$.

Pasi Lähteenmäki; Visa Vesterinen; Juha Hassel; G. S. Paraoanu; Heikki Seppä; Pertti Hakonen

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

213

Functional Importance of Tyrosine 294 and the Catalytic Selectivity for the Bis-Fe(IV) State of MauG Revealed by Replacement of This Axial Heme Ligand with Histidine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The diheme enzyme MauG catalyzes the posttranslational modification of a precursor protein of methylamine dehydrogenase (preMADH) to complete the biosynthesis of its protein-derived tryptophan tryptophylquinone (TTQ) cofactor. It catalyzes three sequential two-electron oxidation reactions which proceed through a high-valent bis-Fe(IV) redox state. Tyr294, the unusual distal axial ligand of one c-type heme, was mutated to His, and the crystal structure of Y294H MauG in complex with preMADH reveals that this heme now has His-His axial ligation. Y294H MauG is able to interact with preMADH and participate in interprotein electron transfer, but it is unable to catalyze the TTQ biosynthesis reactions that require the bis-Fe(IV) state. This mutation affects not only the redox properties of the six-coordinate heme but also the redox and CO-binding properties of the five-coordinate heme, despite the 21 {angstrom} separation of the heme iron centers. This highlights the communication between the hemes which in wild-type MauG behave as a single diheme unit. Spectroscopic data suggest that Y294H MauG can stabilize a high-valent redox state equivalent to Fe(V), but it appears to be an Fe(IV)=O/{pi} radical at the five-coordinate heme rather than the bis-Fe(IV) state. This compound I-like intermediate does not catalyze TTQ biosynthesis, demonstrating that the bis-Fe(IV) state, which is stabilized by Tyr294, is specifically required for this reaction. The TTQ biosynthetic reactions catalyzed by wild-type MauG do not occur via direct contact with the Fe(IV)=O heme but via long-range electron transfer through the six-coordinate heme. Thus, a critical feature of the bis-Fe(IV) species may be that it shortens the electron transfer distance from preMADH to a high-valent heme iron.

Tarboush, Nafez Abu; Jensen, Lyndal M.R.; Feng, Manliang; Tachikawa, Hiroyasu; Wilmot, Carrie M.; Davidson, Victor L. (UMMC); (UMM); (Jackson)

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

214

Reflection and transmission coefficients of a fracture in transversely ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The reflection-transmission problem in isotropic media has been solved by ...... material or abrupt changes in COF (Smith, 1996; Anandakrishnan, 1996; Horgan

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

215

Reflection Survey At Under Steamboat Springs Area (Warpinski...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Under Steamboat Springs Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey At Under Steamboat...

216

Reflection Survey At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Melosh, Et...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Melosh, Et Al., 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Melosh, Et Al., 2010)...

217

The important effect of electron reflection on thermionic converter performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although only a few percent of high energy electrons are reflected from bare metal surfaces, 20--60% of low energy incident electrons are reflected from thermionic converter electrodes with adsorbed cesium and oxygen. The TECMDL computer model indicates that electron reflection in cesium vapor thermionic converters increases the arc potential drop, offsetting the gain in performance obtainable by lowering the collector work function via the coadsorbed Cs/O layer. The possible suppression of electron reflection by using electrodes with sub-micron surface structure is hypothesized and supported by experimental data obtained by employing a new method for testing in cesium-oxygen vapor.

Rasor, N.S.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Gafchromic EBT2 film dosimetry in reflection mode with a novel plan-based calibration method  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose:A dosimetric system formed by Gafchromic EBT2 radiochromic film and Epson Expression 10000XL flatbed scanner was commissioned for dosimetry. In this paper, several open questions concerning the commissioning of radiochromic films for dosimetry were addressed: (a) is it possible to employ this dosimetric system in reflection mode; (b) if so, can the methods used in transmission mode also be used in reflection mode; (c) is it possible to obtain accurate absolute dose measurements with Gafchromic EBT2 films; (d) which calibration method should be followed; (e) which calibration models should be used; and (f) does three-color channel dosimetry offer a significant improvement over single channel dosimetry. The purpose of this paper is to help clarify these questions. Methods: In this study, films were scanned in reflection mode, the effect of surrounding film was evaluated and the feasibility of EBT2 film dosimetry in reflection mode was studied. EBT2's response homogeneity has been reported to lead to excessive dose uncertainties. To overcome this problem, a new plan-based calibration method was implemented. Plan-based calibration can use every pixel and each of the three color channels of the scanned film to obtain the parameters of the calibration model. A model selection analysis was conducted to select lateral correction and sensitometric curve models. The commonly used calibration with fragments was compared with red-channel plan-based calibration and with three-channel plan-based calibration. Results: No effect of surrounding film was found in this study. The film response inhomogeneity in EBT2 films was found to be important not only due to differences in the fog but also due to differences in sensitivity. The best results for lateral corrections were obtained using absolute corrections independent of the dose. With respect to the sensitometric curves, an empirical polynomial fit of order 4 was found to obtain results equivalent to a gamma-distributed single hit model based on physical assumptions. Three-channel dosimetry was found to be substantially superior to red-channel dosimetry. Conclusions: Reflection mode with Gafchromic EBT2 radiochromic film was found to be a viable alternative to transmission mode. The same methods that are used in transmission mode can be followed in reflection mode. A novel plan-based method was developed for calibration and multichannel dosimetry. This novel method offers increased robustness against film response inhomogeneities and reduces considerably the time required for calibration.

Mendez, I.; Hartman, V.; Hudej, R.; Strojnik, A.; Casar, B. [Department of Medical Physics, Institute of Oncology Ljubljana, Zaloska cesta 2, Ljubljana 1000 (Slovenia)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

X-ray reflection in the NLS1 1H 0707-495  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply a reflection-dominated model to the second XMM-Newton observation of the Narrow Line Seyfert 1 galaxy 1H 0707-495. As in the first XMM-Newton observation a sharp spectral drop is detected with energy that has shifted from 7 keV to 7.5 keV in two years. The drop is interpreted in terms of relativistically blurred ionised reflection from the accretion disc, while the energy shift can be accounted for by changes in the ionisation state and, more importantly, emissivity profile on the disc. A flatter emissivity profile during the second higher flux observation reduces gravitational redshift effects, therefore shifting the edge to higher energy. Remarkably, ionised disc reflection and the associated power law continuum provide a reasonable description of the broadband spectrum, including the soft excess. Considering both observations, the spectral variability in 1H 0707-495 appears to be due to the interplay between these two spectral components. The reflection component in the second observation is significantly less variable than the power law. Changes of the emissivity profile, spectral shape and variability properties (such as the rms spectrum) within the two observations are all consistent with a recently proposed model in which relativistic effects in the very inner regions of the nucleus play a major role.

A. C. Fabian; G. Miniutti; L. Gallo; Th. Boller; Y. Tanaka; S. Vaughan; R. R. Ross

2004-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

220

Reflections of a soon-to-be former DR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SRP, formerly known as Salt River Project, is actually a combination of two organizations, The Salt River Valley Water Users` Association (the {open_quotes}Association{close_quotes}), and the Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District (the {open_quotes}District{close_quotes}). The Association was incorporated under the laws of the Territory of Arizona in 1903, and is one of the first projects authorized under the Federal Reclamation Act of 1902. The District was formed in 1937 as a political subdivision of the State of Arizona, and is responsible for the construction, operation and maintenance of the Electric System and the irrigation and water supply system. Generation and sale of electrical power and energy represent a significant portion of the District`s investment and revenues. SRP has a total capability of over 5000 MW from hydroelectric, thermal and purchased sources, Of this, almost 2400 MW is provided by Title IV, Phase II affected units. Phase II units must comply with the SO{sub 2} allowance program starting in the year 2000. SRP operates four facilities having Title IV units. The implementation of Title IV requires the selection of a Designated Representative (DR) to represent the utility and all utilities in the participation plants the utility may operate, to be responsible for reporting emissions of sulfur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen to the United States Environmental Protection Agency on a quarterly and annual basis and certify to the accuracy and completeness of the information.

Larson, N.I. [SRP, Phoenix, AZ (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Reflections on Money and Lean Construction Proceedings IGLC-7 253  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reflections on Money and Lean Construction Proceedings IGLC-7 253 REFLECTIONS ON MONEY AND LEAN CONSTRUCTION Federico Orrechia1 and Gregory A. Howell2 ABSTRACT Money is a particularly tricky resource to minimize risk of schedule overrun. Here again the role of money is to help clarify value for the client

Tommelein, Iris D.

222

Interactive Refractions with Total Internal Reflection Scott T Davis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

more e-mail: scott-davis-1@uiowa.edu e-mail:cwyman@cs.uiowa.edu efficient such as is the caseInteractive Refractions with Total Internal Reflection Scott T Davis University of Iowa Chris Wyman and improve upon approaches that avoid to- tal internal reflection. CR Categories: I.3.7 [Computer Graphics

Wyman, Chris

223

Reflection soft X-ray microscope and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reflection soft X-ray microscope is provided by generating soft X-ray beams, condensing the X-ray beams to strike a surface of an object at a predetermined angle, and focusing the X-ray beams reflected from the surface onto a detector, for recording an image of the surface or near surface features of the object under observation.

Suckewer, Szymon (Princeton, NJ); Skinner, Charles H. (Lawrenceville, NJ); Rosser, Roy (Princeton, NJ)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Laser beam reflection from shock waves in xenon and silicon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The experimental results of the laser beam (?=1 06 ?m) reflection from shock waves in xenon at P=1 6+17 GPa and in silicon at an insulator?metal transition region at P=10+46 GPa are presented. Reflection characteristics and possibility of the estimation of the electron properties of the substance under high pressures are discussed.

V. B. Mintsev; Yu. B. Zaporoghets; V. E. Fortov

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

High-calcium, high-reflectance limestone resources of Illinois  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...measurements were made using a Photovolt Corporat ion reflectance spectrophotometer complying with ASTM Standard E-97 and TAPPI tentative stan- d a r d T 6 4 6 M - 5 4 . E a c h s a m p l e f o r reflectance measurement was pressed into a briquet, using...

226

Enhancement of Mahalanobis–Taguchi System via Rough Sets based Feature Selection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The current research presents a methodology for classification based on Mahalanobis Distance (MD) and Association Mining using Rough Sets Theory (RST). MD has been used in Mahalanobis Taguchi System (MTS) to develop classification scheme for systems having dichotomous states or categories. In MTS, selection of important features or variables to improve classification accuracy is done using Signal-to-Noise (S/N) ratios and Orthogonal Arrays (OAs). \\{OAs\\} has been reviewed for limitations in handling large number of variables. Secondly, penalty for over-fitting or regularization is not included in the feature selection process for the MTS classifier. Besides, there is scope to enhance the utility of MTS to a classification-cum-causality analysis method by adding comprehensive information about the underlying process which generated the data. This paper proposes to select variables based on maximization of degree-of-dependency between Subset of System Variables (SSVs) and system classes or categories (R). Degree-of-dependency, which reflects goodness-of-model and hence goodness of the SSV, is measured by conditional probability of system states on subset of variables. Moreover, a suitable regularization factor equivalent to L0 norm is introduced in an optimization problem which jointly maximizes goodness-of-model and effect of regularization. Dependency between \\{SSVs\\} and R is modeled via the equivalent sets of Rough Set Theory. Two new variants of MTS classifier are developed and their performance in terms of accuracy of classification is evaluated on test datasets from five case studies. The proposed variants of MTS are observed to be performing better than existing MTS methods and other classification techniques found in literature.

Ashif Sikandar Iquebal; Avishek Pal; Darek Ceglarek; Manoj Kumar Tiwari

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Reflection Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (2008) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

At Coso Geothermal Area (2008) At Coso Geothermal Area (2008) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (2008) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date 2008 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis A reflection survey was done to analyze the brittle upper plate structure revealed by reflection seismic data Notes The relationships between upper crustal faults, the brittle-ductile transition zone, and underlying magmatic features imaged by multifold seismic reflection data are consistent with the hypothesis that the Coso geothermal field, which lies within an extensional step-over between dextral faults, is a young, actively developing metamorphic core complex.

228

Seismic Reflection Data and Conceptual Models for Geothermal Development in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Seismic Reflection Data and Conceptual Models for Geothermal Development in Seismic Reflection Data and Conceptual Models for Geothermal Development in Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Seismic Reflection Data and Conceptual Models for Geothermal Development in Nevada Abstract Seismic reflection data were collected in two geothermalareas in Nevada to support geologic structural models andgeothermal well targeting. The data were integrated withsurface mapping, well results, and other geophysical data inconceptual geologic models in both areas. Faults wereinterpreted from reflection data based on reflector offsetsand apparent fault surface reflectors dipping away from therange front. Interpreted faults at Blue Mt., where severalwells have been drilled, correlated with well entries.Subsequent well targeting based on the conceptualstructural model

229

Reflection Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (1989) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reflection Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (1989) Reflection Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (1989) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (1989) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date 1989 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine the crustul structure of the Coso geothermal system Notes In mid-1989 the authors designed and collected four seismic reflection/refraction profiles that addressed the crustal structure of the Coso geothermal field. The two main east-west and north-south profiles crossed at the southeastern most base of Sugar Loaf Mountain. Both in-line and cross-line Vibroseis and explosion data were recorded on each of these

230

Supplier Selection Management Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ADMP-002 Vendor Selection and Management Process 11_0203 1 of 9 ADMP-002 Vendor Selection and Management Process 11_0203 1 of 9 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Vendor Selection and Management Process Document Number: ADMP-002 Rev. 11_0203 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001, Quality Manual Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Document(s): ADMF-009 Vendor Audit Plan, ADMF-010 Vendor Audit Checklist, ADMF-011 Vendor Audit Report, ADMF-015 Vendor Evaluation Record, ADMP-001 Procurement Process, ADMF-016 EOTA Vendor List, REG-003 Record Register ADMP-002 Vendor Selection and Management Process 11_0203 2 of 9 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change A Initial Release 08_1110 Added verbiage and reference for ADMF-016, EOTA Vendor List to process.

231

Science Accelerator : Your Selections  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Your Selections Back To Previous Page Selections - of First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page Back To Previous Page You have 0 selections. Click the checkboxes clipping.addClipping on the results or alert results pages to add to your selections. Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site. U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information Website Policies/Important Links Science Accelerator science.gov WorldWideScience.org Deep Web Technologies Email Results Use this form to email your search results * Email this to: * Your Name: Comments: URL only?: Number of results: 10 20 50 100 200 All Email Format: HTML TEXT * Required field Print Results

232

SOAJ Search : Your Selections  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Your Selections Back To Previous Page Selections - of First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page Back To Previous Page You have 0 selections. Click the checkboxes clipping.addClipping on the results or alert results pages to add to your selections. U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information Website Policies/Important Links Science Accelerator science.gov WorldWideScience.org U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Email Results Use this form to email your search results * Email this to: * Your Name: Comments: URL only?: Number of results: 10 20 50 100 200 All Email Format: HTML TEXT * Required field Print Results Use this form to print results. The page of currently displayed results. The entire list of clipped results. The first

233

SOURCE SELECTION INFORMATION -  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

311 of P.L. 112-74 and as continued in P.L. 113-6 in excess of 1,000,000. This information is source selection information related to the conduct of a Federal agency...

234

SOURCE SELECTION INFORMATION -  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

budget authority that is not fully funded under P.L. 113-76 Section 301(c). This information is source selection information related to the conduct of a Federal agency...

235

Selected Solution 7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selected Solutions. Math 341 Homework 7*. November 4, 2014. 1. (Alternating Series Test.) Take zn = 1/n2. Show that s2n = (z1 ? z2)+(z3 ? z4) + ··· + z2n?1 ...

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

236

Solar selective absorption coatings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new class of solar selective absorption coatings are disclosed. These coatings comprise a structured metallic overlayer such that the overlayer has a sub-micron structure designed to efficiently absorb solar radiation, while retaining low thermal emissivity for infrared thermal radiation. A sol-gel layer protects the structured metallic overlayer from mechanical, thermal, and environmental degradation. Processes for producing such solar selective absorption coatings are also disclosed.

Mahoney, Alan R. (Albuquerque, NM); Reed, Scott T. (Albuquerque, NM); Ashley, Carol S. (Albuquerque, NM); Martinez, F. Edward (Horseheads, NY)

2003-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

237

Solar selective absorption coatings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new class of solar selective absorption coatings are disclosed. These coatings comprise a structured metallic overlayer such that the overlayer has a sub-micron structure designed to efficiently absorb solar radiation, while retaining low thermal emissivity for infrared thermal radiation. A sol-gel layer protects the structured metallic overlayer from mechanical, thermal, and environmental degradation. Processes for producing such solar selective absorption coatings are also disclosed.

Mahoney, Alan R. (Albuquerque, NM); Reed, Scott T. (Albuquerque, NM); Ashley, Carol S. (Albuquerque, NM); Martinez, F. Edward (Horseheads, NY)

2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

238

The search for Nanobubbles by using specular and off-specular Neutron Reflectivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we show an example where specular and off-specular neutron reflectivity can give insight into the structure of solid/liquid interfaces. The presence of nanobubbles and/or a depletion layer at the interface has been long discussed and generated a plethora of controversial scientific results. By means of time of flight neutron reflectometry (NR) and grazing incidence small angle scattering (GISANS), we studied the interface between hydrophobized silicon and heavy water in normal and nigrogen gas enriched state. Our results from the specular reflectivities can be explained without an assumption of a depletion layer and the off-specular measurements show no change with nitrogen super saturated water, which is consistent with the assumption that no nanobubbles are present. We discuss the experiments, in terms of the maximum surface coverage of nanobubbles that could be present on the hydrophobic surface compatible with the limit of sensitivity of NR and GISANS.

Philipp Gutfreund; Marco Maccarini; Andrew Dennison; Max Wolff

2013-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

239

Metal reflectivity under high?intensity optical radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Single high?intensity (106?109 W/cm2) pulses of 1.06?? radiation emitted from a Q?switched Nd : YAG laser have been used to study reflectivity behavior of single?crystal copper and tantalum samples. Metalreflectivity during irradiation undergoes a significant drop to values much lower than can be attributed to high?temperature effects. This reflectivity drop under high radiation intensity has two characteristic features. First if vaporization is avoided then during the rising portion of the laser pulse the reflectivity drops continuously until it reaches a constant low value. For copper this occurs at an intensity of 3×108 W/cm2 and has a reflectivity value of ?0.64. The corresponding values for tantalum are I?2.5×107 W/cm2 and R?0.41. For still higher intensities a further drop in reflectivity beyond the plateau region is observed. This drop in reflectivity is always accompanied by heavy melting and followed by some vaporization. As suggested by Prokhorov e t a l. this further drop in reflectivity could be associated with dielectriclike behavior of the molten zone.

T. E. Zavecz; M. A. Saifi; M. Notis

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Positive selection for unpreferred codon usage in eukaryotic genomes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: Natural selection has traditionally been understood as a force responsible for pushing genes to states of higher translational efficiency, whereas lower translational efficiency has been explained by neutral ...

Neafsey, Daniel E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

DOE Announces Selections for SSL R&D Funding Opportunity  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy has announced the competitive selection of nine projects for solid-state lighting (SSL), in response to the SSL R&D funding opportunity announcement (FOA) DE-FOA...

242

Reflective optical imaging system for extreme ultraviolet wavelengths  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a projection reflection optical system having two mirrors in a coaxial, four reflection configuration to reproduce the image of an object. The mirrors have aspherical reflection surfaces to provide a very high resolution of object feature wavelengths less than 200 {mu}m, and preferably less than 100 {mu}m. An image resolution of features less than 0.05--0.1 {mu}m, is obtained over a large area field; i.e., 25.4 mm {times} 25.4 mm, with a distortion less than 0.1 of the resolution over the image field.

Viswanathan, V.K.; Newnam, B.E.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

243

High-frequency nonreciprocal reflection from magnetic films with overlayers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We perform a theoretical study of the nonreciprocal reflection of high-frequency microwave radiation from ferromagnetic films with thin overlayers. Reflection from metallic ferromagnetic films is always near unity and shows no nonreciprocity. In contrast, reflection from a structure which has a dielectric overlayer on top of a film composed of insulated ferromagnetic nanoparticles or nanostructures can show significant nonreciprocity in the 75–80?GHz frequency range, a very high value. This can be important for devices such as isolators or circulators.

Wang, Ying; Nie, Yan; Camley, R. E. [Center for Magnetism and Magnetic Nanostructures, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80918 (United States)

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

244

Reduction of Glass Surface Reflectance by Ion Beam Surface Modification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report for DOE contract DE-EE0000590. The purpose of this work was to determine the feasibility of the reduction of the reflection from the front of solar photovoltaic modules. Reflection accounts for a power loss of approximately 4%. A solar module having an area of one square meter with an energy conversion efficiency of 18% generates approximately 180 watts. If reflection loss can be eliminated, the power output can be increased to 187 watts. Since conventional thin-film anti-reflection coatings do not have sufficient environmental stability, we investigated the feasibility of ion beam modification of the glass surface to obtain reduction of reflectance. Our findings are generally applicable to all solar modules that use glass encapsulation, as well as commercial float glass used in windows and other applications. Ion implantation of argon, fluorine, and xenon into commercial low-iron soda lime float glass, standard float glass, and borosilicate glass was studied by implantation, annealing, and measurement of reflectance. The three ions all affected reflectance. The most significant change was obtained by argon implantation into both low-iron and standard soda-lime glass. In this way samples were formed with reflectance lower than can be obtained with a single-layer coatings of magnesium fluoride. Integrated reflectance was reduced from 4% to 1% in low-iron soda lime glass typical of the glass used in solar modules. The reduction of reflectance of borosilicate glass was not as large; however borosilicate glass is not typically used in flat plate solar modules. Unlike conventional semiconductor ion implantation doping, glass reflectance reduction was found to be tolerant to large variations in implant dose, meaning that the process does not require high dopant uniformity. Additionally, glass implantation does not require mass analysis. Simple, high current ion implantation equipment can be developed for this process; however, before the process can be employed on full scale solar modules, equipment must be developed for ion implanting large sheets of glass. A cost analysis shows that the process can be economical. Our finding is that the reduction of reflectance by ion beam surface modification is technically and economically feasible. The public will benefit directly from this work by the improvement of photovoltaic module efficiency, and indirectly by the greater understanding of the modification of glass surfaces by ion beams.

Mark Spitzer

2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

245

Tandem filters using frequency selective surfaces for enhanced conversion efficiency in a thermophotovoltaic energy conversion system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to the field of thermophotovoltaic (TPV) direct energy conversion. In particular, TPV systems use filters to minimize parasitic absorption of below bandgap energy. This invention constitutes a novel combination of front surface filters to increase TPV conversion efficiency by reflecting useless below bandgap energy while transmitting a very high percentage of the useful above bandgap energy. In particular, a frequency selective surface is used in combination with an interference filter. The frequency selective surface provides high transmission of above bandgap energy and high reflection of long wavelength below bandgap energy. The interference filter maintains high transmission of above bandgap energy and provides high reflection of short wavelength below bandgap energy and a sharp transition from high transmission to high reflection.

Dziendziel, Randolph J. (Middle Grove, NY); DePoy, David Moore (Clifton Park, NY); Baldasaro, Paul Francis (Clifton Park, NY)

2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

246

Design of reflective phase compensator filters for telecommunications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reflective phase compensator (RPC) filters provide a solution to the phase-dispersion problem of narrow bandpass (NBP) filters when the data rate is 40 Gbits/s or greater. By use of an...

Noe, Tony D

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Stuttering as Reflected in Adults’ Self-Figure Drawings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This pilot study aimed to detect indicators within self-figure drawings that reflect stuttering in adults. A sample of 20 adults who stutter from childhood were given a blank sheet...n...= 20). Indicators include...

Rachel Lev-Wiesel; Ayala Shabat; Ayala Tsur

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

EUV mask reflectivity measurements with micro-scale spatial resolution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effort to produce defect-free mask blanks for EUV lithography relies on increasing the detection sensitivity of advanced mask inspection tools, operating at several wavelengths. They describe the unique measurement capabilities of a prototype actinic (EUV) wavelength microscope that is capable of detecting small defects and reflectivity changes that occur on the scale of microns to nanometers. The defects present in EUV masks can appear in many well-known forms: as particles that cause amplitude or phase variations in the reflected field; as surface contamination that reduces reflectivity and contrast; and as damage from inspection and use that reduces the reflectivity of the multilayer coating. This paper presents an overview of several topics where scanning actinic inspection makes a unique contribution to EUVL research. They describe the role of actinic scanning inspection in defect repair studies, observations of laser damage, actinic inspection following scanning electron microscopy, and the detection of both native and programmed defects.

Goldberg, Kenneth A.; Rekawa, Senajith B.; Kemp, Charles D.; Barty, Anton; Anderson, Erik; Kearney, Patrick; Han, Hakseung

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Reflective Interfaces : assisting teens with stressful situations online  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents the concept of Reflective Interfaces, a novel approach to user experience design that promotes positive behavioral norms. Traditional interface design methodologies such as User Centered Design are ...

Jones, Birago (Birago Korayga)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS, II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS, II University of Tokyo Noda, Chiba 278-8510, Japan Abstract. Green functions and Hall-Littlewoo* *d functions associated to W are introduced, and Green functions are described

Shoj, Toshiaki

251

Anti-reflective nanoporous silicon for efficient hydrogen production  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Exemplary embodiments are disclosed of anti-reflective nanoporous silicon for efficient hydrogen production by photoelectrolysis of water. A nanoporous black Si is disclosed as an efficient photocathode for H.sub.2 production from water splitting half-reaction.

Oh, Jihun; Branz, Howard M

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

252

Amplified total internal reflection: theory, analysis, and demonstration of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and links 1. C. J. Koester, "Laser action by enhanced total internal reflection," IEEE J. Quantum Electron optical waveguide with lossless core and gainy cladding will experience growth [1]. Consider instead

Hagness, Susan C.

253

Quantum field theoretical description for the reflectivity of graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the polarization tensor of graphene at nonzero temperature in (2+1)-dimensional space-time. The obtained tensor coincides with the previously known one at all Matsubara frequencies, but, in contrast to it, admits analytic continuation to the real frequency axis satisfying all physical requirements. Using the obtained representation for the polarization tensor, we develope quantum field theoretical description for the reflectivity of graphene. The analytic asymptotic expressions for the reflection coefficients and reflectivities at low and high frequencies are derived for both independent polarizations of the electromagnetic field. The dependencies of reflectivities on the frequency and angle of incidence are investigated. Numerical computations using the exact expressions for the polarization tensor are performed and application regions for the analytic asymptotic results are determined.

Bordag, M; Mostepanenko, V M; Petrov, V M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Reflective cracking of shear keys in multi-beam bridges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

strength to resist cracking from vehicular loads, but uneven temperature changes and shrinkage strains cause high tensile stresses in the shear key regions and lead to reflective cracking. The analyses showed the highest stresses were often times near...

Sharpe, Graeme Peter

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

255

High temperature solar selective coatings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Improved solar collectors (40) comprising glass tubing (42) attached to bellows (44) by airtight seals (56) enclose solar absorber tubes (50) inside an annular evacuated space (54. The exterior surfaces of the solar absorber tubes (50) are coated with improved solar selective coatings {48} which provide higher absorbance, lower emittance and resistance to atmospheric oxidation at elevated temperatures. The coatings are multilayered structures comprising solar absorbent layers (26) applied to the meta surface of the absorber tubes (50), typically stainless steel, topped with antireflective Savers (28) comprising at least two layers 30, 32) of refractory metal or metalloid oxides (such as titania and silica) with substantially differing indices of refraction in adjacent layers. Optionally, at least one layer of a noble metal such as platinum can be included between some of the layers. The absorbent layers cars include cermet materials comprising particles of metal compounds is a matrix, which can contain oxides of refractory metals or metalloids such as silicon. Reflective layers within the coating layers can comprise refractory metal silicides and related compounds characterized by the formulas TiSi. Ti.sub.3SiC.sub.2, TiAlSi, TiAN and similar compounds for Zr and Hf. The titania can be characterized by the formulas TiO.sub.2, Ti.sub.3O.sub.5. TiOx or TiO.sub.xN.sub.1-x with x 0 to 1. The silica can be at least one of SiO.sub.2, SiO.sub.2x or SiO.sub.2xN.sub.1-x with x=0 to 1.

Kennedy, Cheryl E

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

256

Source Selection Guide  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Source Selection Source Selection Overview This chapter provides guidance to the acquisition team on conducting source selection in accordance with Part 15 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR). Background The mid 1990's was a time of significant change in many areas of procurement, particularly in the introduction of new tools and processes that help the procurement professional better meet the needs of demanding customers. The passage of the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act in 1994 and the Federal Acquisition Reform Act in 1995 , coupled with Government-wide and Department of Energy (DOE) contract reform efforts not only changed traditional procurement processes but also changed the role of the procurement professional. No longer are procurement

257

Universal signal processing method for multimode reflective sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sensitivity, but the sensor configuration is complicated and requires the use of expensive lasers and single mode fibers. Amplitude modulation trades sensitivity for low cost and ease of configuration by using light emitting diodes and multimode fibers. A... method for reflective sensors using optical fibers as the data transmission media. The proposed transmitter - receiver unit was based on the amplitude modulation of reflected optical signals. This involves the use of an light emitting diode (LED...

Larson, Robert Eugene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

258

Industrial Carbon Capture Project Selections  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Industrial Carbon Capture Project SelectionsSeptember 2, 2010These projects have been selected for negotiation of awards; final award amounts may vary.

259

Multilayer reflective coatings for extreme-ultraviolet lithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multilayer mirror coatings which reflect extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation are a key enabling technology for EUV lithography. Mo/Si multilayers with reflectances of 67.5% at 13.4 nm are now routinely achieved and reflectances of 70 2% at 11.4 nm were obtained with MO/Be multilayers. High reflectance is achieved with careful control of substrate quality, layer thicknesses, multilayer materials, interface quality, and surface termination. Reflectance and film stress were found to be stable relative to the requirements for application to EUV lithography. The run-to-run reproducibility of the reflectance peak position was characterized to be better than 0.2%, providing the required wavelength matching among the seven multilayer-coated mirrors used in the present lithography system design. Uniformity of coating was improved to better than 0.5% across 150 mm diameter substrates. These improvements in EUV multilayer mirror technology will enable us to meet the stringent specifications for coating the large optical substrates for our next-generation EUV lithography system.

Montcalm, C., LLNL

1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

260

Boosting the performance of the ASTRI SST-2M prototype: reflective and anti-reflective coatings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASTRI is a Flagship Project of the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research, led by the Italian National Institute of Astrophysics, INAF. One of the main aims of the ASTRI Project is the design, construction and verification on-field of a dual mirror (2M) end-to-end prototype for the Small Size Telescope (SST) envisaged to become part of the Cherenkov Telescope Array. The ASTRI SST-2M prototype adopts the Schwarzschild-Couder design, and a camera based on SiPM (Silicon Photo Multiplier); it will be assembled at the INAF astronomical site of Serra La Nave on mount Etna (Catania, Italy) within mid 2014, and will start scientific validation phase soon after. The peculiarities of the optical design and of the SiPM bandpass pushed towards specifically optimized choices in terms of reflective coatings for both the primary and the secondary mirror. In particular, multi-layer dielectric coatings, capable of filtering out the large Night Sky Background contamination at wavelengths $\\lambda \\gtrsim 700$ n...

Perri, Luca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Solid-State Lighting: Financial Opportunities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Financial Financial Opportunities Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Financial Opportunities to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Financial Opportunities on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Financial Opportunities on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Financial Opportunities on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Financial Opportunities on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Financial Opportunities on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Financial Opportunities on AddThis.com... Current Opportunities DOE Selections Related Opportunities Financial Opportunities DOE financial opportunities for solid-state lighting (SSL) include competitive solicitations, grants, and other federal funding mechanisms to

262

SOURCE SELECTION INFORMATION -  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

P.L. 113-6 or P.L. 112-74 Section 301(b) to include P.L. 113-76 Section 301(c). This information is source selection information related to the conduct of a Federal agency...

263

SOME REFLECTIONS ON THE STATE OF SCIENCE IN AMERICA DURING THE NINETEENTH CENTURY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...part of the curriculum. The bills for purchase of scientific...essential. Both have as their materials the "thoughts of God," but...experiments such vessels, materials, and instruments as, if broken...a "center vent" hydraulic turbine, and also a railroad car brake...

I. Bernard Cohen

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

A level-set adjoint-state method for crosswell transmission-reflection traveltime tomography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......reflector in the energy minimization process. We can recover a complicated...of the 71st Ann. Internat. Mtg. Soc. Expl. Geophys. (2001...of the 65th Ann. Internat. Mtg. Soc. Expl. Geophys. (1994...of the 66th Ann. Internat. Mtg. Soc. Expl. Geophys. (1995......

Wenbin Li; Shingyu Leung; Jianliang Qian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

SOME REFLECTIONS ON THE STATE OF SCIENCE IN AMERICA DURING THE NINETEENTH CENTURY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and the front, photography, gas warfare, machine guns, and...of the nineteenth century, technology and engineering did not in...and science "in their developments." "Brethren scholars, men...a "center vent" hydraulic turbine, and also a railroad car brake...

I. Bernard Cohen

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Optimal Portfolio Selection Under Concave Price Impact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we study an optimal portfolio selection problem under instantaneous price impact. Based on some empirical analysis in the literature, we model such impact as a concave function of the trading size when the trading size is small. The price impact can be thought of as either a liquidity cost or a transaction cost, but the concavity nature of the cost leads to some fundamental difference from those in the existing literature. We show that the problem can be reduced to an impulse control problem, but without fixed cost, and that the value function is a viscosity solution to a special type of Quasi-Variational Inequality (QVI). We also prove directly (without using the solution to the QVI) that the optimal strategy exists and more importantly, despite the absence of a fixed cost, it is still in a 'piecewise constant' form, reflecting a more practical perspective.

Ma Jin, E-mail: jinma@usc.edu [University of Southern California, Department of Mathematics (United States); Song Qingshuo, E-mail: songe.qingshuo@cityu.edu.hk [City University of Hong Kong, Department of Mathematics (Hong Kong); Xu Jing, E-mail: xujing8023@yahoo.com.cn [Chongqing University, School of Economics and Business Administration (China); Zhang Jianfeng, E-mail: jianfenz@usc.edu [University of Southern California, Department of Mathematics (United States)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

267

Solid-State Gadolinium-Magnesium Hydride Optical Switch R. Armitage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-state electrochromic device. With positive polarization of the hydride electrode, the visible reflectance approaches 35 and reflecting states. Keywords: gadolinium-magnesium; electrochromic hydride; optical switching device. 2 #12;A conventional electrochromics5 . Optical switching has also been demonstrated by varying the H content

268

Real-time flavor tagging selection in ATLAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In high-energy physics experiments the online selection is crucial to reject the overwhelming uninteresting collisions. In particular the ATLAS experiment includes b-jet selections in its trigger, in order to select final states with significant heavy-flavor content. Dedicated selections are developed to timely identifying fully hadronic final states containing b-jets and maintaining affordable trigger rates. ATLAS successfully operated b-jet trigger selections during both 2011 and 2012 Large Hadron Collider data-taking campaigns. Work is on-going now to improve the performance of online tagging algorithms to be deployed in Run 2 in 2015. An overview of the Run 1 ATLAS b-jet trigger strategy along with future prospects is presented in this paper. Data-driven techniques to extract the online b-tagging performance, a key ingredient for all analysis relying on such triggers, are also discussed and preliminary results presented.

Madaffari, D; The ATLAS collaboration

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

X-ray Reflection By Photoionized Accretion Discs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of reflection calculations that treat the relevant physics with a minimum of assumptions. The temperature and ionization structure of the top five Thomson depths of an illuminated disc are calculated while also demanding that the atmosphere is in hydrostatic equilibrium. In agreement with Nayakshin, Kazanas & Kallman, we find that there is a rapid transition from hot to cold material in the illuminated layer. However, the transition is usually not sharp so that often we find a small but finite region in Thomson depth where there is a stable temperature zone at T \\sim 2 x 10^{6} K due to photoelectric heating from recombining ions. As a result, the reflection spectra often exhibit strong features from partially-ionized material, including helium-like Fe K lines and edges. We find that due to the highly ionized features in the spectra these models have difficulty correctly parameterizing the new reflection spectra. There is evidence for a spurious $R-\\Gamma$ correlation in the ASCA energy range, where $R$ is the reflection fraction for a power-law continuum of index $\\Gamma$, confirming the suggestion of Done & Nayakshin that at least part of the R-Gamma correlation reported by Zdziarski, Lubinski & Smith for Seyfert galaxies and X-ray binaries might be due to ionization effects. Although many of the reflection spectra show strong ionized features, these are not typically observed in most Seyfert and quasar X-ray spectra.

D. R. Ballantyne; R. R. Ross; A. C. Fabian

2001-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

270

Glove Selection Guideline  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Glove Selection Guideline Glove Selection Guideline Skin contact is a potential source of exposure to toxic materials; it is important that the proper steps be taken to prevent such contact. Most accidents involving hands and arms can be classified under four main hazard categories: chemicals, abrasions, cutting, and heat. There are gloves available that can protect workers from any of these individual hazards or any combination thereof. Gloves should be replaced periodically, depending on frequency of use and permeability to the substance(s) handled. Gloves overtly contaminated should be rinsed and then carefully removed after use. Gloves should also be worn whenever it is necessary to handle rough or sharp-edged objects, and very hot or very cold materials. The type of glove materials to be used in these situations include leather, welderÂ’s gloves,

271

Computer assisted design reflection : a web application to improve early stage product in startup companies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis investigates the concept of computer-assisted design reflection. The work details the development of a prototype framework and reflection engine. Reflection is a critical process in design. It allows a designer ...

Gimenez, Clayton C. (Clayton Christopher)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Selective ion source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A ion source is described wherein selected ions maybe extracted to the exclusion of unwanted ion species of higher ionization potential. Also described is a method of producing selected ions from a compound, such as P{sup +} from PH{sub 3}. The invention comprises a plasma chamber, an electron source, a means for introducing a gas to be ionized by electrons from the electron source, means for limiting electron energy from the electron source to a value between the ionization energy of the selected ion species and the greater ionization energy of an unwanted ion specie, and means for extracting the target ion specie from the plasma chamber. In one embodiment, the electrons are generated in a plasma cathode chamber immediately adjacent to the plasma chamber. A small extractor draws the electrons from the plasma cathode chamber into the relatively positive plasma chamber. The energy of the electrons extracted in this manner is easily controlled. The invention is particularly useful for doping silicon with P{sup +}, As{sup +}, and B{sup +} without the problematic presence of hydrogen, helium, water, or carbon oxide ions. Doped silicon is important for manufacture of semiconductors and semiconductor devices. 6 figs.

Leung, K.N.

1996-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

273

Selective ion source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A ion source is described wherein selected ions maybe extracted to the exclusion of unwanted ion species of higher ionization potential. Also described is a method of producing selected ions from a compound, such as P.sup.+ from PH.sub.3. The invention comprises a plasma chamber, an electron source, a means for introducing a gas to be ionized by electrons from the electron source, means for limiting electron energy from the electron source to a value between the ionization energy of the selected ion species and the greater ionization energy of an unwanted ion specie, and means for extracting the target ion specie from the plasma chamber. In one embodiment, the electrons are generated in a plasma cathode chamber immediately adjacent to the plasma chamber. A small extractor draws the electrons from the plasma cathode chamber into the relatively positive plasma chamber. The energy of the electrons extracted in this manner is easily controlled. The invention is particularly useful for doping silicon with P.sup.+, AS.sup.+, and B.sup.+ without the problematic presence of hydrogen, helium, water, or carbon oxide ions. Doped silicon is important for manufacture of semiconductors and semiconductor devices.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Reflection Survey At Yellowstone Region (Morgan, Et Al., 2003) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Yellowstone Region (Morgan, Et Al., 2003) Yellowstone Region (Morgan, Et Al., 2003) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey At Yellowstone Region (Morgan, Et Al., 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Yellowstone Caldera Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Simultan eously, we surveyed over 2500 linear km with high-resolution seismic reflection profling that penetrated the upper ~25 m of the lake bottom. References L. A. Morgan, W. C. Shanks, D. A. Lovalvo, S. Y. Johnson, W. J. Stephenson, K. L. Pierce, S. S. Harlan, C. A. Finn, G. Lee, M. Webring, B. Schulze, J. Duhn, R. Sweeney, L. Balistrieri (2003) Exploration And Discovery In Yellowstone Lake- Results From High-Resolution Sonar Imaging,

275

Reflection Survey At Blue Mountain Area (Fairbank Engineering, 2007) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Blue Mountain Area (Fairbank Engineering, 2007) Blue Mountain Area (Fairbank Engineering, 2007) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey At Blue Mountain Area (Fairbank Engineering, 2007) Exploration Activity Details Location Blue Mountain Area Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes A high-resolution seismic reflection survey was conducted by Utah Geophysical, Inc. (1990) along four widely spaced survey lines normal to range front fault sets. The survey was designed primarily to detect silicified zones or zones of argillic alteration, and faulting, to depths of about 300 meters (1000 feet), as part of the precious metals exploration program. One interpretation of the data showed discrete, high-angle faults

276

Simulation of the Reflected Blast Wave froma C-4 Charge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reflection of a blast wave from a C4 charge detonated above a planar surface is simulated with our ALE3D code. We used a finely-resolved, fixed Eulerian 2-D mesh (167 {micro}m per cell) to capture the detonation of the charge, the blast wave propagation in nitrogen, and its reflection from the surface. The thermodynamic properties of the detonation products and nitrogen were specified by the Cheetah code. A programmed-burn model was used to detonate the charge at a rate based on measured detonation velocities. Computed pressure histories are compared with pressures measured by Kistler 603B piezoelectric gauges at 8 ranges (GR = 0, 2, 4, 8, 10, and 12 inches) along the reflecting surface. Computed and measured waveforms and positive-phase impulses were similar, except at close-in ranges (GR < 2 inches), which were dominated by jetting effects.

Howard, W M; Kuhl, A L; Tringe, J W

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

EUV mask reflectivity measurements with micron-scale spatial resolution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effort to produce defect-free mask blanks for EUV lithography relies on increasing the detection sensitivity of advanced mask inspection tools, operating at several wavelengths. We describe the unique measurement capabilities of a prototype actinic (EUV wavelength) microscope that is capable of detecting small defects and reflectivity changes that occur on the scale of microns to nanometers. Types of defects: (a) Buried Substrate Defects: particles & pits (causes amplitude and/or phase variations); (b) Surface Contamination (reduces reflectivity and (possibly) contrast); (c) Damage from Inspection and Use (reduces the reflectivity of the multilayer coating). This paper presents an overview of several topics where scanning actinic inspection makes a unique contribution to EUVL research. We describe the role of actinic scanning inspection in four cases: defect repair studies; observations of laser damage; after scanning electron microscopy; and native and programmed defects.

Goldberg, Kenneth A.; Rekawa, S.B.; Kemp, C.D.; Barty, A.; Anderson, E.H.; Kearney, Patrick; Han, Hakseung

2008-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

278

Improved Spatial Resolution for Reflection Mode Infrared Microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Standard commercial infrared microscopes operating in reflection mode use a mirror to direct the reflected light from the sample to the detector. This mirror blocks about half of the incident light, however, and thus degrades the spatial resolution by reducing the umerical aperture of the objective. Here, we replace the mirror with a 50% beamsplitter to allow full illumination of the objective and retain a way to direct the reflected light to the detector. The improved spatial resolution is demonstrated using two different microscopes apable of diffraction-limited resolution: the first microscope is coupled to a synchrotron source and utilizes a single point detector, whereas the second microscope has a standard blackbody source and uses a focal planetarray (FPA) detector.

Bechtel, Hans A.; Martin, Michael C.; May, T.E.; Lerch, Philippe

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

279

Multiple X-ray reflection from ionized slabs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiple reflection of X-rays may be important when an accretion disc and its hot corona have a complicated geometry, or if returning radiation due to gravitational light bending is important, or in emission from a funnel such as proposed in some gamma-ray burst models. We simulate the effects of multiple reflection by modifying the boundary condition for an X-ray illuminated slab. Multiple reflection makes the soft X-ray spectrum steeper (softer) and strengthens broad emission and absorption features, especially the K-shell features of iron. This may be important in explaining the spectra of sources such as the Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 galaxy 1H0707-495.

R. R. Ross; A. C. Fabian; D. R. Ballantyne

2002-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

280

Reflectivity of cholesteric liquid crystals with spatially varying pitch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solids with spatially varying photonic structure offer gaps to light of a wider range of frequencies than do simple photonic systems. We solve numerically the field distribution in a solid cholesteric with a linearly varying inverse pitch (helical wavevector) using equations we derive for the general case. The simple idea that the position where the Bragg condition is locally satisfied is where reflection takes place is only true in part. Here, reflection is due to a region where the waves are forced to become evanescent, and the rate of variation of structure determines over which distance the waves decay and therefore how complete reflection is. The approximate local Bragg-de Vries schemes are shown to break down in detail at the edges of the gap, and an analytical estimate is given for the transmission coefficient.

S. Kutter; M. Warner

2003-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The subject of glass solar reflectance and its contribution to permanent vinyl siding distortion has not been extensively studied, and some phenomena are not yet well understood. This white paper presents what is known regarding the issue and identifies where more research is needed. Three primary topics are discussed: environmental factors that control the transfer of heat to and from the siding surface; vinyl siding properties that may affect heat build-up and permanent distortion; and factors that determine the properties of reflected solar radiation from glass surfaces, including insulating window glass. Further research is needed to fully characterize the conditions associated with siding distortion, the scope of the problem, physical properties of vinyl siding, insulating window glass reflection characteristics, and possible mitigation or prevention strategies.

Hart, Robert; Curcija, Charlie; Arasteh, Dariush; Goudey, Howdy; Kohler, Christian; Selkowitz, Stephen

2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

282

Reflection Survey (Deangelo, Et Al., 1999) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Deangelo, Et Al., 1999) Deangelo, Et Al., 1999) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey (Deangelo, Et Al., 1999) Exploration Activity Details Location Unspecified Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes We believe we have demonstrated two sources that can generate S-waves that are appropriate for evaluating geothermal prospects. The first, a vector-explosive package, has never been available to the seismic industry, and the demonstration of its source pe References M. DeAngelo, B.A. Hardage, J. L. Simmons Jr. (1999) Development Of Active Seismic Vector-Wavefield Imaging Technology For Geothermal Applications Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Reflection_Survey_(Deangelo,_Et_Al.,_1999)&oldid=388218

283

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

107.9 107.9 77.0 81.7 84.1 83.5 88.2 70.6 February ............................. 105.1 74.5 79.1 81.9 82.0 84.8 67.2 March .................................. 101.6 69.3 73.0 76.5 76.4 78.5 61.7 April .................................... 99.2 67.7 72.3 75.5 76.8 75.8 61.8 May ..................................... 96.4 66.3 71.0 74.5 75.9 73.3 60.8 June .................................... 92.3 63.1 67.9 72.2 73.1 69.7 56.9 July ..................................... 88.3 62.0 66.7 70.5 71.2 68.0 56.1 August ................................ 86.9 64.2 68.5 71.9 73.0 69.9 58.8 September .......................... 88.7 63.7 68.5 71.4 73.2 70.1 57.8 October ............................... 92.3 67.3 71.1 73.8 76.5 73.7 61.9 November ........................... 94.1 68.0 71.0 74.0 75.1 75.4 61.6 December ...........................

284

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

94.6 94.6 63.7 67.5 69.9 69.6 75.2 57.3 February ............................. 95.9 65.0 68.8 70.7 70.6 75.6 59.1 March .................................. 99.1 68.4 73.1 75.1 74.7 78.1 63.2 April .................................... 101.5 75.2 80.1 82.6 82.8 82.5 69.9 May ..................................... 97.8 72.7 79.0 81.2 80.4 79.0 66.1 June .................................... 91.0 65.2 72.4 74.5 74.5 71.5 58.6 July ..................................... 87.9 65.5 72.1 73.2 74.4 71.1 60.1 August ................................ 88.1 69.5 75.8 75.8 77.7 74.4 64.9 September .......................... 94.5 75.9 82.3 81.7 83.9 81.1 71.3 October ............................... 102.6 79.5 85.4 86.4 87.9 86.0 75.0 November ........................... 105.4 78.6 84.1 86.7 86.7 87.1 73.2 December ...........................

285

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

80.5 80.5 46.8 48.8 51.7 50.8 57.6 37.6 February ............................. 80.0 45.3 48.1 50.5 50.8 55.5 35.8 March .................................. 81.0 50.9 53.6 55.2 55.8 59.2 43.1 April .................................... 83.0 55.8 58.1 63.5 61.7 62.5 48.4 May ..................................... 82.0 54.9 57.0 63.3 62.7 61.0 47.5 June .................................... 80.7 57.5 58.8 63.7 64.8 62.0 49.9 July ..................................... 81.5 60.8 64.0 69.0 68.5 65.9 56.0 August ................................ 83.5 65.6 68.9 73.8 74.1 70.9 61.1 September .......................... 90.1 69.2 73.1 77.7 77.4 75.0 64.6 October ............................... 94.9 69.6 72.5 79.0 80.0 76.9 64.4 November ........................... 100.1 74.0 77.5 82.8 83.3 81.6 69.0 December ...........................

286

Model Selection 5th Penn State Astrostatistics School  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

background radiation. What are the best fit combinations of baryonic, Dark Matter and Dark Energy components-like stars. This can lead to discovery of orbiting systems such as binary stars and exoplanets, giving

Hunter, David

287

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

87.9 86.0 75.0 November ... 105.4 78.6 84.1 86.7 86.7 87.1 73.2 December ... 107.5 77.7 82.9 85.5 84.8 87.9 71.8 1996 Average...

288

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

60.4 58.2 45.2 November ... 79.9 50.0 52.9 56.6 57.2 57.6 41.8 December ... 78.9 46.2 48.8 52.3 52.6 55.4 36.6 1998 Average...

289

Prices by Sales Type, PAD District, and Selected States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

64.9 67.5 68.8 66.3 54.2 November ... 86.3 61.4 66.3 68.0 68.1 69.2 55.8 December ... 91.1 63.6 67.8 69.1 69.1 73.5 57.9 1995...

290

Efficient estimation of thermodynamic state incorporating Bayesian model order selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, infrared, FLIR 1. INTRODUCTION In 1993, our group began an effort to apply Grenander's pattern theory 1­looking infrared (FLIR) camera. 3--6 Three­dimensional, CAD shape­models represented the objects of interest; a likelihood function, modeling the physics of FLIR cameras, encapsulated the way the objects were seen

Lanterman, Aaron

291

Selected Project City State Project Description Proposed DOE...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

geothermal systems to identify the factors influencing concentration of valuable rare earth elements (REE) in geothermal fluids. This could allow industry to better target...

292

Measurements of the hard-x-ray reflectivity of iridium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In connection with the design of a hard-x-ray telescope for the Constellation X-Ray Observatory we measured the reflectivity of an iridium-coated zerodur substrate as a function of angle at 55, 60, 70, and 80 keV at the National Synchrotron Light Source of Brookhaven National Laboratory. The optical constants were derived from the reflectivity data. The real component of the index of refraction is in excellent agreement with theoretical values at all four energies. However, the imaginary component, which is related to the mass attenuation coefficient, is 50% to 70% larger at 55, 60, and 70 keV than theoretical values.

Romaine, S.; Bruni, R.; Gorenstein, P.; Zhong, Z

2007-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

293

Ionized Iron Lines in X-ray Reflection Spectra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results from new calculations of the X-ray reflection spectrum from ionized accretion discs. These computations improve on our previous models by including the condition of hydrostatic balance in the vertical direction, following the work of Nayakshin, Kazanas & Kallman. We find that an ionized Fe K$\\alpha$ line is prominent in the reflection spectra for a wide variety of physical conditions. The results hold for both gas and radiation pressure dominated discs and when the metal abundances have been varied.

D. R. Ballantyne; R. R. Ross; A. C. Fabian

2001-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

Folded reflective tandem polymer solar cell doubles efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conjugated polymers are promising materials for the production of inexpensive and flexible photovoltaic cells. Organic materials display tunable optical absorption within a large spectral range. This enables the construction of organic tandem photovoltaic cells. The authors here demonstrate a reflective tandem cell where single cells are reflecting the nonabsorbed light upon another adjacent cell. By folding two planar but spectrally different cells toward each other spectral broadening and light trapping are combined to give an enhancement of power conversion efficiency of a factor of 1.8 ± 0.3 .

Kristofer Tvingstedt; Viktor Andersson; Fengling Zhang; Olle Inganäs

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Frequency-dependent reflectivity of shock-compressed xenon plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results for the reflection coefficient of shock-compressed dense xenon plasmas at pressures of 1.6–20 GPa and temperatures around 30 000 K using laser beams of wavelengths 1.06 ?m and 0.694 ?m are presented, which indicate metallic behavior at high densities. For the theoretical description of the experiments, a quantum statistical approach to the dielectric function is used. The comparison with molecular dynamics simulations is discussed. We conclude that reflectivity measurements at different wavelengths can provide information about the density profile of the shock wave front.

H. Reinholz, Yu. Zaporoghets, V. Mintsev, V. Fortov, I. Morozov, and G. Röpke

2003-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

296

Effect of window reflections on photonic Doppler velocimetry measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photonic Doppler velocimetry (PDV) has rapidly become a standard diagnostic for measuring velocities in dynamic compression research. While free surface velocity measurements are fairly straightforward, complications occur when PDV is used to measure a dynamically loaded sample through a window. Fresnel reflections can severely affect the velocity and time resolution of PDV measurements, especially for low-velocity transients. Shock experiments of quartz compressed between two sapphire plates demonstrate how optical window reflections cause ringing in the extracted PDV velocity profile. Velocity ringing is significantly reduced by using either a wedge window or an antireflective coating.

Ao, T.; Dolan, D. H. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

297

Reflection Survey At Rye Patch Area (DOE GTP, 2011) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reflection Survey At Rye Patch Area (DOE GTP, 2011) Exploration Activity Details Location Rye Patch Area Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date Usefulness not...

298

Site Screening, Site Selection,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BEST PRACTICES for: BEST PRACTICES for: 2013 Revised Edition Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The

299

Site Screening, Site Selection,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BeSt PraCtICeS for: BeSt PraCtICeS for: DRAFT Edition Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The

300

Wavelength-specific reflections: A decade of EUV actinic mask inspection research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mask inspection is essential for the success of any pattern-transfer lithography technology, and EUV Lithography in particular faces unique challenges. EUV masks resonant-reflective multilayer coatings have a narrow, wavelength-specific response that dramatically affects the way that defects appear, or disappear, at various illuminating wavelengths. Furthermore, the ever-shrinking size of 'critical' defects limits the potential effectiveness of DUV inspection techniques over time. Researchers pursuing numerous ways of finding and characterizing defects on EUV masks and have met with varying degrees of success. Their lessons inform the current, urgent exploration to select the most effective techniques for high-volume manufacturing. Ranging from basic research and demonstration experiments to commercial inspection tool prototypes, we survey the recent history of work in this area, including sixteen projects in Europe, Asia, and America. Solutions range from scanning beams to microscopy, dark field imaging to pattern transfer.

Goldberg, Kenneth; Mochi, Iacopo

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The UHV Experimental Chamber For Optical Measurements (Reflectivity and Absorption) and Angle Resolved Photoemission of the BEAR Beamline at ELETTRA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The experimental station of the BEAR (Bending magnet for Emission, Absorption and Reflectivity) beamline at ELETTRA (Trieste, Italy) is an UHV chamber conceived to fully exploit the spectroscopic possibilities offered by the light spot produced by the beamline. Spectroscopies include reflectivity ({theta}-2{theta} and diffuse), optical absorption, fluorescence and angle resolved photoemission. The chamber can be rotated around the beam axis to select the s (TE) or p (TM) incidence conditions and/or the position of the ellipse of polarization with respect to the sample. Photon detectors (e.g. photodiodes) and electron detector (hemispherical analyzer - 1 deg. angular resolution, 20 meV energy resolution) cover about completely the full 2{pi} solid angle above the sample surface in any light incidence condition.

Pasquali, L.; Nannarone, S. [UdR-INFM Modena, Universita di Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Vignolese 905, 41100 Modena (Italy); Dipartimento di Ingegneria dei Materiali e dell'Ambiente, Universita di Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Vignolese 905, 41100 Modena (Italy); De Luisa, A. [TASC-INFM, MM building in Area Science Park, s.s.14 km 163.5, 34012 Basovizza, Trieste (Italy)

2004-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

302

Hydroprocess catalyst selection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flexibility in residuum hydroprocessing becomes a requirement as fuel oil demand weakens, crude slates tend to be heavier, and variability in crude oil cost and supply become the norm. One means of providing flexibility is to incorporate residuum hydrotreating ahead of a heavy oil catalytic cracking unit which converts heavier components into lighter, more valuable products. Alternatively, significant conversion of the residuum to lighter products can be achieved by the operation of the residuum hydrotreater at a higher severity to facilitate hydrocracking reactions. This paper focuses on the design and selection of catalytic systems in the framework of a unified reactor modeling scheme for such residuum hydroprocessing applications.

Adams, C.T.; DelPaggio, A.A. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Schaper, H.; Stork, W.H.J. (Koninklijke Shell, Amsterdam (Netherlands). Lab.); Shiflett, W.K. (Criterion Catalyst Co. L.P., Houston, TX (US))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Pers Select Anthem Blue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

partner, you must provide evidence of marriage or domestic partnership and copy of birth certificates provide a copy of the state approved declaration of domestic partnership and birth certificates for all Phone Department Name Department ID Building Number Work Phone Date of Birth Sex Male Female Employed

de Lijser, Peter

304

Skin cancer detection by oblique-incidence diffuse reflectance spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer and it is on the rise. If skin cancer is diagnosed early enough, the survival rate is close to 90%. Oblique-incidence diffuse reflectance (OIR) spectroscopy offers a technology that may be used...

Smith, Elizabeth Brooks

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

Shear-wave crosswell reflection imaging in west Texas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crosswell reflection imaging was recently introduced as a method for high-resolution (of the order of a few feet) imaging of reservoirs. P-wave imaging was successfully tested on short and intermediate-offset crosswell profiles. Although shear-wave imaging was demonstrated with a short-offset (187 feet) data set, it was generally believed that high-frequency shear imaging at larger interwell distances might not be feasible, because the high-frequency shear waves will suffer large attenuation losses, resulting in poor signal-to-noise ratios for the shear-wave reflections. In this paper the authors present a real-data study, illustrating that shear-wave imaging was feasible at a west Texas carbonate reservoir for an interwell distance of 586 feet. Although the shear direct arrival and reflections are not always evident in the raw gathers processing and stacking enhances them enough to allow imaging of the interwell area for the whole depth range covered by the survey. The results clearly indicate that further work on shear-wave crosswell reflection imaging is warranted.

Lazaratos, S.K.; Marion, B.P. [TomoSeis Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Langan, R. [Chevron Petroleum Technology, La Habra, CA (United States); Harris, J.M. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

306

Fiber optic hydrophone sensor arrays using low reflectance internal mirrors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new design of fiber optic hydrophone sensor arrays phics. using low reflectance internal mirrors in optical fibers is investigated. The mirrors are produced by fusion arc splicing of two fibers, one of which has a thin film of TiO2 on the end. A...

Lee, Jong-Seo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

307

Green functions and Macdonald functions associated to complex reflection groups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green functions and Macdonald functions associated to complex reflection groups Toshiaki Shoji Department of Mathematics Science University of Tokyo Noda, Chiba 278­8510, Japan 1. Introduction 1.1. Green functions are introduced by J.A. Green [G] in 1955, in connection with the representation theory of general

Shoj, Toshiaki

308

ON GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS TOSHIAKI SHOJI Department of Mathematics Science University of Tokyo Noda, Chiba 278­8510, Japan §1. What are the Green functions Green functions are introduced by J.A. Green[G] in 1955, in connection with the representation theory of general linear groups GL

Shoj, Toshiaki

309

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS, II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS, II TOSHIAKI SHOJI Department of Mathematics Science University of Tokyo Noda, Chiba 278­8510, Japan Abstract. Green functions associated­Littlewood functions associated to W are introduced, and Green functions are described as the transition matrix between

Shoj, Toshiaki

310

ON GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS University of Tokyo Noda, Chiba 278-8510, Japan x1. What are the Green functions Green functions are introduced by J.A. Green[G] in 1955, in connection with * *the

Shoj, Toshiaki

311

Seismic reflection analysis of the Manson Impact Structure, Iowa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

trough diameter of around 21 km, a shallow floor (0.6–0.7 km), and a central uplift that has a minimum diameter of 7.5 km. The two reflection lines are coincidentally located along an east-west radial transect and are constrained by shallow drill...

Keiswetter, Dean; Black, Ross A.; Steeples, Don W.

1996-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

312

Reflecting Back, or What Can the French Tell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' or `relief' theories.3 The French word humour is used occasionally in this broad sense (particularly92 Reflecting Back, or What Can the French Tell The English About Humour? WILL NOONAN L-mère. (English humour highlights with bitterness and despair the absurdity of the world. French humour makes fun

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

313

Beilstein-Institut Reflections on Energy Conversion in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beilstein-Institut Reflections on Energy Conversion in Biological and Biomimetic Systems Athel by conversion of the heat into work, chemical energy or electrical power, and the inevitable energy losses 2011 Abstract In principle any form of energy (light, electrical, potential, chemical, kinetic energy

314

Toward Infusing Modular and Reflective Design Learning throughout the Curriculum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toward Infusing Modular and Reflective Design Learning throughout the Curriculum John C. Georgas intervention that cen- ters on the widespread infusion of design learning throughout the curriculum using: An emphasis on broadly infusing design learning through the curriculum using modular design challenges

Georgas, John

315

A 16-ELEMENT REFLECTION GRID AMPLIFIER Frederic Lecuyer1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, which can double as a large metal heat sink. Otherwise, the operation of reflection grid amplifiers to improve common- Mirror/Heat Sink Active GridInput Polarizer Active Grid Output Polarizer E Output Beam E Input Beam E Output Beam Differential Transistor Pair E Input Beam Mirror/Heat Sink Active Grid

316

The Reflection pattern in the immune system Junichi Suzuki  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Keio University Yokohama, 223­8522, Japan +81­45­563­3925 suzuki University Yokohama, 223­8522, Japan +81­45­563­3925 yama@cs.keio.ac.jp Abstract Reflection is a design and household example and an example in the immune system. We believe our work helps understand the intent

Suzuki, Jun

317

Hydrogen-Selective Membrane  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hydrogen-selective membrane comprises a tubular porous ceramic support having a palladium metal layer deposited on an inside surface of the ceramic support. The thickness of the palladium layer is greater than about 10 .mu.m but typically less than about 20 .mu.m. The hydrogen permeation rate of the membrane is greater than about 1.0 moles/m.sup.2.s at a temperature of greater than about 500.degree. C. and a transmembrane pressure difference of about 1,500 kPa. Moreover, the hydrogen-to-nitrogen selectivity is greater than about 600 at a temperature of greater than about 500.degree. C. and a transmembrane pressure of about 700 kPa. Hydrogen can be separated from a mixture of gases using the membrane. The method may include the step of heating the mixture of gases to a temperature of greater than about 400.degree. C. and less than about 1000.degree. C. before the step of flowing the mixture of gases past the membrane. The mixture of gases may include ammonia. The ammonia typically is decomposed to provide nitrogen and hydrogen using a catalyst such as nickel. The catalyst may be placed inside the tubular ceramic support. The mixture of gases may be supplied by an industrial process such as the mixture of exhaust gases from the IGCC process.

Collins, John P. (Boulder, CO); Way, J. Douglas (Boulder, CO)

1995-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

318

Hydrogen-selective membrane  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hydrogen-selective membrane comprises a tubular porous ceramic support having a palladium metal layer deposited on an inside surface of the ceramic support. The thickness of the palladium layer is greater than about 10 {micro}m but typically less than about 20 {micro}m. The hydrogen permeation rate of the membrane is greater than about 1.0 moles/m{sup 2} s at a temperature of greater than about 500 C and a transmembrane pressure difference of about 1,500 kPa. Moreover, the hydrogen-to-nitrogen selectivity is greater than about 600 at a temperature of greater than about 500 C and a transmembrane pressure of about 700 kPa. Hydrogen can be separated from a mixture of gases using the membrane. The method may include the step of heating the mixture of gases to a temperature of greater than about 400 C and less than about 1000 C before the step of flowing the mixture of gases past the membrane. The mixture of gases may include ammonia. The ammonia typically is decomposed to provide nitrogen and hydrogen using a catalyst such as nickel. The catalyst may be placed inside the tubular ceramic support. The mixture of gases may be supplied by an industrial process such as the mixture of exhaust gases from the IGCC process. 9 figs.

Collins, J.P.; Way, J.D.

1997-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

319

Hydrogen-selective membrane  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hydrogen-selective membrane comprises a tubular porous ceramic support having a palladium metal layer deposited on an inside surface of the ceramic support. The thickness of the palladium layer is greater than about 10 {micro}m but typically less than about 20 {micro}m. The hydrogen permeation rate of the membrane is greater than about 1.0 moles/m{sup 2}s at a temperature of greater than about 500 C and a transmembrane pressure difference of about 1,500 kPa. Moreover, the hydrogen-to-nitrogen selectivity is greater than about 600 at a temperature of greater than about 500 C and a transmembrane pressure of about 700 kPa. Hydrogen can be separated from a mixture of gases using the membrane. The method may include the step of heating the mixture of gases to a temperature of greater than about 400 C and less than about 1000 C before the step of flowing the mixture of gases past the membrane. The mixture of gases may include ammonia. The ammonia typically is decomposed to provide nitrogen and hydrogen using a catalyst such as nickel. The catalyst may be placed inside the tubular ceramic support. The mixture of gases may be supplied by an industrial process such as the mixture of exhaust gases from the IGCC process. 9 figs.

Collins, J.P.; Way, J.D.

1995-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

320

Bond selective chemistry beyond the adiabatic approximation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the most important challenges in chemistry is to develop predictive ability for the branching between energetically allowed chemical reaction pathways. Such predictive capability, coupled with a fundamental understanding of the important molecular interactions, is essential to the development and utilization of new fuels and the design of efficient combustion processes. Existing transition state and exact quantum theories successfully predict the branching between available product channels for systems in which each reaction coordinate can be adequately described by different paths along a single adiabatic potential energy surface. In particular, unimolecular dissociation following thermal, infrared multiphoton, or overtone excitation in the ground state yields a branching between energetically allowed product channels which can be successfully predicted by the application of statistical theories, i.e. the weakest bond breaks. (The predictions are particularly good for competing reactions in which when there is no saddle point along the reaction coordinates, as in simple bond fission reactions.) The predicted lack of bond selectivity results from the assumption of rapid internal vibrational energy redistribution and the implicit use of a single adiabatic Born-Oppenheimer potential energy surface for the reaction. However, the adiabatic approximation is not valid for the reaction of a wide variety of energetic materials and organic fuels; coupling between the electronic states of the reacting species play a a key role in determining the selectivity of the chemical reactions induced. The work described below investigated the central role played by coupling between electronic states in polyatomic molecules in determining the selective branching between energetically allowed fragmentation pathways in two key systems.

Butler, L.J. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

DOE Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections for Innovative  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections for DOE Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections for Innovative State Efficiency, Renewables Initiatives, September 8, 2008 DOE Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections for Innovative State Efficiency, Renewables Initiatives, September 8, 2008 A press release announcing $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections for innovative State efficiency and renewables initiatives. The Office of Electricity was involved in the selection of nine projects valued at $4.0 million, DOE Share, for States to create and implement a policy and regulatory framework that would enable gigawatt-scale clean energy capacity, whether through renewable energy or demand side reductions. DOE Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections for Innovative

322

A New Method for Simultaneous Measurement of the Integrated Reflectivity of Crystals at Multiple Orders of Reflection and Comparison with New Theoretical Calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a new method for the simultaneous measurement of the integrated reflectivity of a crystal for multiple orders of reflection at a predefined Bragg angle. The technique is demonstrated with a mica crystal for Bragg angles of 43{sup o}, 47{sup o}, and 50{sup o}. The measured integrated reflectivity for Bragg reflections up to the 24th order is compared with new theoretical predictions, which are also presented in this paper.

S.G. Lee; J.G. Bak; Y.S. Jung; M. Bitter; K.W. Hill; G. Hoelzer; O. Wehrhan; E. Foerster

2003-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

323

Real-time flavor tagging selection in ATLAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In high-energy physics experiments, online selection is crucial to reject most uninteresting collisions; in particular, b-jet selections, part of the ATLAS trigger strategy, are meant to select final states with heavy-flavor content. This is the only option to select fully hadronic final states containing b-jets, and is important to reject QCD light jets and maintain affordable trigger rates without raising jet energy thresholds. ATLAS operated b-jet triggers in both 2011 and 2012 data-taking campaigns and is now working to improve the performance of tagging algorithms for Run2. An overview of the ATLAS b-jet trigger strategy and its performance on real data is presented in this contribution, along with future prospects. Data-driven techniques to extract the online b-tagging performance, a key ingredient for all analyses relying on such triggers, are also discussed and results presented.

Sahinsoy, M; The ATLAS collaboration

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

The reflective lens : the effects of video analysis on preservice teacher development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reflections. Wisconsin. Danielewicz, J. , & NetLibrary2002; Clark, 2001; Danielewicz & NetLibrary Inc. , 2001;

Halter, Christopher P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

U-043: Attachmate Reflection Buffer Overflow in FTP Client Lets Remote  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: Attachmate Reflection Buffer Overflow in FTP Client Lets 3: Attachmate Reflection Buffer Overflow in FTP Client Lets Remote Servers Execute Arbitrary Code U-043: Attachmate Reflection Buffer Overflow in FTP Client Lets Remote Servers Execute Arbitrary Code November 22, 2011 - 8:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Attachmate Reflection Buffer Overflow in FTP Client Lets Remote Servers Execute Arbitrary Code. PLATFORM: 14.1.1173 and prior versions The following product versions are affected: Reflection for HP version 14.x Reflection for UNIX and OpenVMS version 14.x Reflection for ReGIS Graphics version 14.x Reflection for IBM version 14.x Reflection X version 14.x ABSTRACT: A remote server can execute arbitrary code on the connected target system. reference LINKS: Security Updates and Reflection Attachmate Support Lifecycle Attachmate Downloads

326

U-043: Attachmate Reflection Buffer Overflow in FTP Client Lets Remote  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: Attachmate Reflection Buffer Overflow in FTP Client Lets 3: Attachmate Reflection Buffer Overflow in FTP Client Lets Remote Servers Execute Arbitrary Code U-043: Attachmate Reflection Buffer Overflow in FTP Client Lets Remote Servers Execute Arbitrary Code November 22, 2011 - 8:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Attachmate Reflection Buffer Overflow in FTP Client Lets Remote Servers Execute Arbitrary Code. PLATFORM: 14.1.1173 and prior versions The following product versions are affected: Reflection for HP version 14.x Reflection for UNIX and OpenVMS version 14.x Reflection for ReGIS Graphics version 14.x Reflection for IBM version 14.x Reflection X version 14.x ABSTRACT: A remote server can execute arbitrary code on the connected target system. reference LINKS: Security Updates and Reflection Attachmate Support Lifecycle Attachmate Downloads

327

Qubit state guidance without feedback  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a protocol for two-qubit state guidance that does not rely on feedback mechanisms. In our scheme, entanglement can be concentrated by arranging the interactions of the qubits with a continuous variable ancilla. By properly post-selecting the outcomes of repeated measurements of the state of the ancilla, the qubit state is driven to have a desired amount of purity and entanglement. We stress the primary role played by the first iterations of the protocol. Inefficiencies in the detection operations can be fully taken into account.

Mauro Paternostro; M. S. Kim

2004-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

328

Sustainable Transport: from Bullock Carts to Bugatis: Reflections on Major  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sustainable Transport: from Bullock Carts to Bugatis: Reflections on Major Sustainable Transport: from Bullock Carts to Bugatis: Reflections on Major Transport Issues North and South Speaker(s): Lee Schipper Date: August 16, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Marcia Beck This talk reviews quantitative and qualitative trends in urban transportation and environment, focusing on developing countries. Reviewing recent efforts to look at transportation, the talk adopts a definition of "sustainable transportation" that includes economic and environmental sustainability as well as equity as key criteria. It is argued that governance sustainability is also important if policies and technologies are to reduce the main externalities from urban transport. An important identity is introduced to relate emissions to traffic, modal share, fuel

329

Subcritical Noise Measurements with a Nickel-Reflected Plutonium Sphere  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Subcritical measurements were conducted with an a-phase plutonium sphere reflected by nickel hemishells using the 252Cf Source-Driven Noise Analysis (CSDNA) method to provide criticality safety benchmark data. Measured configurations included a bare plutonium sphere as well as the plutonium sphere reflected by the following nickel thicknesses: 1.27, 2.54, 3.81, 5.08, and 7.62 cm. A certain ratio of spectral quantities was measured for each configuration which varies linearly with the keff of the system. In addition, two types of Monte Carlo calculations were employed: a modified version of MCNP to calculate the ratio of spectral quantities and a KCODE calculation. From the measured and computed quantities the multiplication of each configuration can be approximated. A comprehensive uncertainty analysis was then performed that includes uncertainties in the geometry and materials present in the system in addition to the uncertainties in the method and nuclear data.

Jesson D. Hutchinson; John D. Bess

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Method and apparatus for inspecting reflection masks for defects  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An at-wavelength system for extreme ultraviolet lithography mask blank defect detection is provided. When a focused beam of wavelength 13 nm is incident on a defective region of a mask blank, three possible phenomena can occur. The defect will induce an intensity reduction in the specularly reflected beam, scatter incoming photons into an off-specular direction, and change the amplitude and phase of the electric field at the surface which can be monitored through the change in the photoemission current. The magnitude of these changes will depend on the incident beam size, and the nature, extent and size of the defect. Inspection of the mask blank is performed by scanning the mask blank with 13 nm light focused to a spot a few .mu.m in diameter, while measuring the reflected beam intensity (bright field detection), the scattered beam intensity (dark-field detection) and/or the change in the photoemission current.

Bokor, Jeffrey (Oakland, CA); Lin, Yun (Berkeley, CA)

2003-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

331

Reflection Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (2001) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (2001) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date 2001 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Look for features that are characteristic of the geothermal producing region not originally seen by imaging the Coso Field using seismic Notes During December of 1999, approximately 32 miles of seismic data were acquired as part of a detailed seismic investigation undertaken by the US Navy Geothermal Program Office. Data acquisition was designed to make effective use of advanced data processing methods, which include Optim's proprietary nonlinear velocity optimization technique and pre-stack Kirchhoff migration. The velocity models from the 2-D lines were combined

332

WIPP Representative Selected For National Environmental Justice Advisory  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

WIPP Representative Selected For National Environmental Justice WIPP Representative Selected For National Environmental Justice Advisory Board WIPP Representative Selected For National Environmental Justice Advisory Board March 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Rose Scott, a governmental affairs specialist with URS Washington TRU Solutions LLC, the DOE Waste Isolation Pilot Plant management and operating contractor, was selected for the National Environmental Justice Advisory Board. Rose Scott, a governmental affairs specialist with URS Washington TRU Solutions LLC, the DOE Waste Isolation Pilot Plant management and operating contractor, was selected for the National Environmental Justice Advisory Board. CARLSBAD, N.M. - Organizers say no similar opportunity or conference exists in America. In April, representatives from federal and state

333

WIPP Representative Selected For National Environmental Justice Advisory  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Representative Selected For National Environmental Justice Representative Selected For National Environmental Justice Advisory Board WIPP Representative Selected For National Environmental Justice Advisory Board March 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Rose Scott, a governmental affairs specialist with URS Washington TRU Solutions LLC, the DOE Waste Isolation Pilot Plant management and operating contractor, was selected for the National Environmental Justice Advisory Board. Rose Scott, a governmental affairs specialist with URS Washington TRU Solutions LLC, the DOE Waste Isolation Pilot Plant management and operating contractor, was selected for the National Environmental Justice Advisory Board. CARLSBAD, N.M. - Organizers say no similar opportunity or conference exists in America. In April, representatives from federal and state

334

Montana State University Proprietary 1 Summary of Gun Shot Acoustics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Montana State University Proprietary 1 Summary of Gun Shot Acoustics Robert C. Maher, Montana State University 4 April 2006 Audio recordings of gun shots can provide information about the gun location interpreting such recordings arises from reverberation (overlapping acoustic signal reflections) due to the gun

Maher, Robert C.

335

An asymptotic model of seismic reflection from a permeable layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analysis of compression wave propagation in a poroelastic medium predicts a peak of reflection from a high-permeability layer in the low-frequency end of the spectrum. An explicit formula expresses the resonant frequency through the elastic moduli of the solid skeleton, the permeability of the reservoir rock, the fluid viscosity and compressibility, and the reservoir thickness. This result is obtained through a low-frequency asymptotic analysis of Biot's model of poroelasticity. A review of the derivation of the main equations from the Hooke's law, momentum and mass balance equations, and Darcy's law suggests an alternative new physical interpretation of some coefficients of the classical poroelasticity. The velocity of wave propagation, the attenuation factor, and the wave number, are expressed in the form of power series with respect to a small dimensionless parameter. The absolute value of this parameter is equal to the product of the kinematic reservoir fluid mobility and the wave frequency. Retaining only the leading terms of the series leads to explicit and relatively simple expressions for the reflection and transmission coefficients for a planar wave crossing an interface between two permeable media, as well as wave reflection from a thin highly-permeable layer (a lens). Practical applications of the obtained asymptotic formulae are seismic modeling, inversion, and at-tribute analysis.

Silin, D.; Goloshubin, G.

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

Benchmarking of Graphite Reflected Critical Assemblies of UO2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of experiments were carried out in 1963 at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Critical Experiments Facility (ORCEF) for use in space reactor research programs. A core containing 93.2% enriched UO2 fuel rods was used in these experiments. The first part of the experimental series consisted of 253 tightly-packed fuel rods (1.27 cm triangular pitch) with graphite reflectors [1], the second part used 253 graphite-reflected fuel rods organized in a 1.506 cm triangular pitch [2], and the final part of the experimental series consisted of 253 beryllium-reflected fuel rods with a 1.506 cm triangular pitch. [3] Fission rate distribution and cadmium ratio measurements were taken for all three parts of the experimental series. Reactivity coefficient measurements were taken for various materials placed in the beryllium reflected core. The first part of this experimental series has been evaluated for inclusion in the International Reactor Physics Experiment Evaluation Project (IRPhEP) [4] and the International Criticality Safety Benchmark Evaluation Project (ICSBEP) Handbooks, [5] and is discussed below. These experiments are of interest as benchmarks because they support the validation of compact reactor designs with similar characteristics to the design parameters for a space nuclear fission surface power systems. [6

Margaret A. Marshall; John D. Bess

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Step 4. Select the Appropriate Code for Adoption | Building Energy Codes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4. Select the Appropriate Code for Adoption 4. Select the Appropriate Code for Adoption Description To achieve the economic, environmental, and social benefits offered by energy codes, a state or jurisdiction must select the energy code that is most appropriate for their locale. States and municipalities generally choose to either adopt a model energy code or standard or create a state-specific or local energy code. States or municipalities may also select to adopt "stretch codes"-those that go beyond the minimum requirements of an adopted energy code to achieve greater energy efficiency. In addition, states and local jurisdictions may choose to adopt policies that implement a green building rating system or policies that apply to specific structures, such as state-owned or -funded buildings.

338

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

- I - I United States Department of Energy D lSCk Al M E R "This book was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency

339

Volume State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

22 22 Volume State State or Country From/To Receipts/ Imports From Deliveries/ Exports To Net a Alabama Florida .................................................................. 0 722,558 -722,558 Georgia................................................................. 0 1,352,308 -1,352,308 Gulf of Mexico....................................................... 123,132 0 123,132 Mississippi ............................................................ 2,758,595 0 2,758,595 Tennessee............................................................ 1,744 764,749 -763,005 Total..................................................................... 2,883,471 2,839,615 43,856

340

Rail Routing Criteria Selection  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

File name 1 File name 1 Rail Routing: Using Decision Analysis to Evaluate Objectives Ruth F. Weiner, Sandia National Laboratories Steven Hamp, U. S. Department of Energy April 22, 2004 Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. TEC1 File name 2 Scoping the Problem * More than one rail route is available between any spent fuel site in the U. S. and Caliente, NV. * Routes differ in several parameters, like route length, track quality, urban areas transited, and so on. * Any particular route may not uniformly have more desirable parameters than another route; e.g. a shorter route may go through more urban centers.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Vacuum Selection on the String Landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I examine some non-anthropic approaches to the string landscape. These approaches are based on finding the initial conditions of the universe using the wavefunction of the multiverse to select the most probable vacuum out of this landscape. All approaches tackled so far seems to have their own problems and there is no clear cut alternative to anthropic reasoning. I suggest that finding the initial conditions may be irrelevant since all possible vacua on the landscape are possible initial state conditions and eternal inflation could generate all the other vacua. We are now left to reason out why we are observing the small value of the cosmological constant (CC). I address this issue in the contest of noncritical string theory in which all values of the cosmological constant on the landscape are departures from critical equilibrium state.

Edward Tetteh-Lartey

2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

342

Multiprocessor switch with selective pairing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

System, method and computer program product for a multiprocessing system to offer selective pairing of processor cores for increased processing reliability. A selective pairing facility is provided that selectively connects, i.e., pairs, multiple microprocessor or processor cores to provide one highly reliable thread (or thread group). Each paired microprocessor or processor cores that provide one highly reliable thread for high-reliability connect with a system components such as a memory "nest" (or memory hierarchy), an optional system controller, and optional interrupt controller, optional I/O or peripheral devices, etc. The memory nest is attached to a selective pairing facility via a switch or a bus

Gara, Alan; Gschwind, Michael K; Salapura, Valentina

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

343

QGESS: Specification for Selected Feedstocks  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

011812 National Energy Technology Laboratory Office of Program Performance and Benefits 2 Specification for Selected Feedstocks Quality Guidelines for Energy System Studies January...

344

Clonal Selection based Genetic Algorithm for Workflow Service Selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

architecture is the concept that combines this idea, and the basic components making up the so-called "service-oriented service selection of workflows is a very important aspect for service-oriented systems. The selection problem than standard genetic algorithm. I. INTRODUCTION Service-oriented computing is seen as the de

Ludwig, Simone

345

Fact Sheet: Facility For Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) Applicant Selection |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Facility For Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) Applicant Facility For Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) Applicant Selection Fact Sheet: Facility For Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) Applicant Selection December 11, 2008 - 8:51am Addthis Based on the analyses and recommendations over the last decade, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science determined that the establishment of a Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) is a high priority for the future of U.S. nuclear science research. This determination and supporting rationale are reflected in the DOE/ National Science Foundation Nuclear Science Advisory Committee's 2007 Long Range Plan and the 2003 DOE report, "Facilities for the Future of Science: A Twenty-Year Outlook." A Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) was used to solicit applications for the conceptual design and establishment of FRIB in order

346

Fact Sheet: Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) Applicant Selection |  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Fact Sheet: Fact Sheet: Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) Applicant Selection News Featured Articles Science Headlines 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 12.11.08 Fact Sheet: Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) Applicant Selection Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Based on the analyses and recommendations over the last decade, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science determined that the establishment of a Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) is a high priority for the future of U.S. nuclear science research. This determination and supporting rationale are reflected in the DOE/ National

347

Process for coal liquefaction employing selective coal feed  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved coal liquefaction process is provided whereby coal conversion is improved and yields of pentane soluble liquefaction products are increased. In this process, selected feed coal is pulverized and slurried with a process derived solvent, passed through a preheater and one or more dissolvers in the presence of hydrogen-rich gases at elevated temperatures and pressures, following which solids, including mineral ash and unconverted coal macerals, are separated from the condensed reactor effluent. The selected feed coals comprise washed coals having a substantial amount of mineral matter, preferably from about 25-75%, by weight, based upon run-of-mine coal, removed with at least 1.0% by weight of pyritic sulfur remaining and exhibiting vitrinite reflectance of less than about 0.70%.

Hoover, David S. (New Tripoli, PA); Givens, Edwin N. (Bethlehem, PA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Office of Research and EPA 600/R-941209 Environmental Protection Development January 1993 Agency Washington, DC 20460 Offsite Environmental 57,,7 Monitoring Report Radiation Monitoring Around United States Nuclear Test Areas, Calendar Year 1992 UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING SYSTEMS LABORATORY-LAS VEGAS P.O. BOX 93478 LAS VEGAS. NEVADA 891 93-3478 702/798-2100 Dear Reader: Since 1954, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and its predecessor the U.S, Public Health Service (PHs) has conducted radiological monitoring in the offsite areas around United States nuclear test areas. The primary objective of this monitoring has been the protection of the health and safety of

349

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

BP Energy Company BP Energy Company OE Docket No. EA- 3 14 Order Authorizing Electricity Exports to Mexico Order No. EA-3 14 February 22,2007 BP Energy Company Order No. EA-314 I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated by the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to sections 301(b) and 402(Q of the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7 15 l(b), 7172(f)) and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C.S24a(e)) . On May 22,2006, BP Energy Company (BP Energy) applied to DOE for an authorization to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico as a power marketer. BP Energy proposes to purchase surplus electric energy from electric utilities and other suppliers within the United States and to export that energy to ~Mexico. The cnergy

350

Policy Selection by Structural Mapping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

27 June 1977 research-article Policy Selection by Structural Mapping B. H. P...is concerned with the selection of 'best' policies from a range of alternative possibilities where each policy is assessed in terms of its degrees of attainment...

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Photo Upload Photo Selection Guide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photo Upload Photo Selection Guide It is important that your photo is suitable for use on your College Card so please ensure that you follow this guidance when selecting a photo to upload. Technical Requirements Photo height: Between 400 and 1280 pixels Photo width: Between 300 and 960

Royal Holloway, University of London

352

State Summaries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

46. 46. Percent Distribution of Natural Gas Supply and Disposition by State, 1996 Table State Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) Marketed Production Total Consumption Alabama................................................................... 3.02 2.69 1.48 Alaska ...................................................................... 5.58 2.43 2.04 Arizona..................................................................... NA 0 0.55 Arkansas.................................................................. 0.88 1.12 1.23 California.................................................................. 1.25 1.45 8.23 Colorado .................................................................. 4.63 2.90 1.40 Connecticut.............................................................. 0 0 0.58 D.C...........................................................................

353

DOE Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections For Innovative  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections For .6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections For Innovative State Efficiency, Renewables Initiatives DOE Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections For Innovative State Efficiency, Renewables Initiatives September 8, 2008 - 3:20pm Addthis OVERLAND PARK, Kan. - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency David Rodgers today announced awards for approximately $6.6 million in competitive-selected grants for innovative state-level energy efficiency and renewable energy policies and projects. The DOE supported, state-led projects will focus on building utility scale energy capacity from renewables and demand reduction, as well as advanced building energy codes. Rodgers made the announcements while addressing the National Association for State Energy Officials Annual Meeting.

354

Comparing Patterns of Natural Selection Across Species Using Selective Signatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Comparing gene expression profiles over many different conditions has led to insights that were not obvious from single experiments. In the same way, comparing patterns of natural selection across a set of ecologically distinct species may extend what can be learned from individual genome-wide surveys. Toward this end, we show how variation in protein evolutionary rates, after correcting for genome-wide effects such as mutation rate and demographic factors, can be used to estimate the level and types of natural selection acting on genes across different species. We identify unusually rapidly and slowly evolving genes, relative to empirically derived genome-wide and gene family-specific background rates for 744 core protein families in 30 gamma-proteobacterial species. We describe the pattern of fast or slow evolution across species as the 'selective signature' of a gene. Selective signatures represent a profile of selection across species that is predictive of gene function: pairs of genes with correlated selective signatures are more likely to share the same cellular function, and genes in the same pathway can evolve in concert. For example, glycolysis and phenylalanine metabolism genes evolve rapidly in Idiomarina loihiensis, mirroring an ecological shift in carbon source from sugars to amino acids. In a broader context, our results suggest that the genomic landscape is organized into functional modules even at the level of natural selection, and thus it may be easier than expected to understand the complex evolutionary pressures on a cell.

Alm, Eric J.; Shapiro, B. Jesse; Alm, Eric J.

2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

355

Molecular Selectivity of Brown Carbon Chromophores  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Complementary methods of high-resolution mass spectrometry and micro-spectroscopy were utilized for molecular analysis of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) generated from ozonolysis of two structural monoterpene isomers: D-limonene (LSOA) and a-pinene (PSOA). Laboratory simulated aging of LSOA and PSOA, through conversion of carbonyls into imines mediated by NH3 vapors in humid air, resulted in selective browning of the LSOA sample, while the PSOA sample remained white. Comparative analysis of the reaction products in the aged LSOA and PSOA samples provided insights into chemistry relevant to formation of brown carbon chromophores. A significant fraction of carbonyl-imine conversion products with identical molecular formulas were detected in both samples. This reflects the high level of similarity in the molecular composition of these two closely related SOA materials. Several highly conjugated products were detected exclusively in the brown LSOA sample and were identified as potential chromophores responsible for the observed color change. The majority of the unique products in the aged LSOA sample with the highest number of double bonds contain two nitrogen atoms. We conclude that chromophores characteristic of the carbonyl- imine chemistry in LSOA are highly conjugated oligomers of secondary imines (Schiff bases) present at relatively low concentrations. Formation of this type of conjugated compounds in PSOA is hindered by the structural rigidity of the a-pinene oxidation products. Our results suggest that the overall light-absorbing properties of SOA may be determined by trace amounts of strong brown carbon chromophores.

Laskin, Julia; Laskin, Alexander; Nizkorodov, Sergey; Roach, Patrick J.; Eckert, Peter A.; Gilles, Mary K.; Wang, Bingbing; Lee, Hyun Ji; Hu, Qichi

2014-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

356

Generalized approximations of reflection coefficients in orthorhombic media  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reflection coefficients of qP- (quasi-P) and qS- (quasi-S) incident waves in orthorhombic media can be explicitly expressed by means of impedance matrices. In this paper, we extend previous studies and derive the generalized and linearized equations of reflectivity for all four types of waves in the symmetry-axis plane. These approximations have sufficient accuracy over a wide range of angles, therefore they are suitable for characterizing the seismic amplitude responses of unconventional resources. For example, they can be applied to represent the amplitude variation with offset for shale gas or coalbed methane reservoirs with strong anisotropy and complicated symmetry. Reduced equations are then derived in a transverse isotropic medium with a vertical symmetry axis (VTI) or a horizontal axis (HTI) for the anisotropic amplitude inversion. They retain higher accuracy than the corresponding previously published expressions at a strongly anisotropic interface, because they include the second-order terms of anisotropic parameters contrast. Numerical analyses on the inverse problem using different linearized expressions show the practical value of the new derived expressions in the joint inversion of the qPqP- and qPqS-waves for elastic parameters and anisotropic parameters.

Feng Zhang; Xiangyang Li

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Benchmark Evaluation of Plutonium Hemispheres Reflected by Steel and Oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the period from June 1967 through September 1969 a series of critical experiments was performed at the Rocky Flats Critical Mass Laboratory with spherical and hemispherical plutonium assemblies as nested hemishells as part of a Nuclear Safety Facility Experimental Program to evaluate operational safety margins for the Rocky Flats Plant. These assemblies were both bare and fully or partially oil-reflected. Many of these experiments were subcritical with an extrapolation to critical configurations or critical at a particular oil height. Existing records reveal that 167 experiments were performed over the course of 28 months. Unfortunately, much of the data was not recorded. A reevaluation of the experiments had been summarized in a report for future experimental and computational analyses. This report examines only fifteen partially oil-reflected hemispherical assemblies. Fourteen of these assemblies also had close-fitting stainless-steel hemishell reflectors, used to determine the effective critical reflector height of oil with varying steel-reflector thickness. The experiments and their uncertainty in keff values were evaluated to determine their potential as valid criticality benchmark experiments of plutonium.

John Darrell Bess

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

$\\mu$-$\\tau$ reflection symmetry and radiative corrections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The $\\mu$-$\\tau$ reflection symmetry is compatible with current neutrino oscillation data and easily realized under family symmetries. We prove that this symmetry preserves $\\theta_{23}=45^\\circ$, $\\delta=\\pm90^\\circ$, $\\rho,\\sigma=0,90^\\circ$, and can be embedded into the seesaw mechanism. The $\\mu$-$\\tau$ reflection symmetry preserved at a high energy scale $\\Lambda_\\text{FS}$ will be broken by radiative corrections and result in deviations of $\\theta_{23}$ from $45^\\circ$ and $\\delta$ from $\\pm90^\\circ$ at the electroweak scale. We develop an analytical method to derive the corrections to all the mixing parameters. We perform a numerical analysis in the MSSM for $\\delta=-90^\\circ$ at $\\Lambda_\\text{FS}$, and observe that $\\theta_{23}>45^\\circ$ in the normal mass ordering, $\\theta_{23}<45^\\circ$ in the inverted mass ordering, and the sizable correction to $\\delta$ prefers a negative sign. These deviations have definite directions and can be tested in the future neutrino oscillation experiments.

Zhou, Ye-Ling

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Power selective optical filter devices and optical systems using same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In an embodiment, a power selective optical filter device includes an input polarizer for selectively transmitting an input signal. The device includes a wave-plate structure positioned to receive the input signal, which includes at least one substantially zero-order, zero-wave plate. The zero-order, zero-wave plate is configured to alter a polarization state of the input signal passing in a manner that depends on the power of the input signal. The zero-order, zero-wave plate includes an entry and exit wave plate each having a fast axis, with the fast axes oriented substantially perpendicular to each other. Each entry wave plate is oriented relative to a transmission axis of the input polarizer at a respective angle. An output polarizer is positioned to receive a signal output from the wave-plate structure and selectively transmits the signal based on the polarization state.

Koplow, Jeffrey P

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

360

Neutron Reflection Method for the Fast Estimation of the Neutron Removal Cross Section in Complex Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present paper is devoted to expand the use of neutron reflection method for the fast estimation of ... dependence of the removal cross section from the neutron reflection coefficient was found. The sensitivit...

L. Desdin; L. M. García

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

V-142: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code V-142: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code April 25, 2013 - 12:14am...

362

Reflecting the Revised PM 2.5 National Ambient Air Quality Standard...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Reflecting the Revised PM 2.5 National Ambient Air Quality Standard in NEPA Evaluations Reflecting the Revised PM 2.5 National Ambient Air Quality Standard in NEPA Evaluations This...

363

Non-linear multiparameter inversion using a hybrid global search algorithm: applications in reflection seismology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......global search algorithm: applications in reflection seismology Pengcheng Liu 1 Stephen Hartzell 2 William Stephenson 2 1 Institute...global search algorithm: applications in reflection seismology Pengcheng Liu,' Stephen Hartzel12and William Stephenson2 'lnstiture......

Pengcheng Liu; Stephen Hartzell; William Stephenson

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Estimating Power System Dynamic States Using Extended Kalman Filter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abstract—The state estimation tools which are currently deployed in power system control rooms are based on a steady state assumption. As a result, the suite of operational tools that rely on state estimation results as inputs do not have dynamic information available and their accuracy is compromised. This paper investigates the application of Extended Kalman Filtering techniques for estimating dynamic states in the state estimation process. The new formulated “dynamic state estimation” includes true system dynamics reflected in differential equations, not like previously proposed “dynamic state estimation” which only considers the time-variant snapshots based on steady state modeling. This new dynamic state estimation using Extended Kalman Filter has been successfully tested on a multi-machine system. Sensitivity studies with respect to noise levels, sampling rates, model errors, and parameter errors are presented as well to illustrate the robust performance of the developed dynamic state estimation process.

Huang, Zhenyu; Schneider, Kevin P.; Nieplocha, Jaroslaw; Zhou, Ning

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

365

Reduction in Vehicle Temperatures and Fuel Use from Cabin Ventilation, Solar-Reflective Paint, and a New Solar-Reflective Glazing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analysis to determine the impact of reducing the thermal load on a vehicle using solar-reflective paint and glazing.

Rugh, J.; Chaney, L.; Meyer, J.; Rustagi, M.; Olson, K.; Kogler, R.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

X-ray reflectivity measurements of liquid/solid interfaces under high hydrostatic pressure conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A high hydrostatic pressure cell for X-ray reflectivity measurements at the solid/liquid interface is presented.

Wirkert, F.J.

2013-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

367

Contamination and solid state welds.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since sensitivity to contamination is one of the verities of solid state joining, there is a need for assessing contamination of the part(s) to be joined, preferably nondestructively while it can be remedied. As the surfaces that are joined in pinch welds are inaccessible and thus provide a greater challenge, most of the discussion is of the search for the origin and effect of contamination on pinch welding and ways to detect and mitigate it. An example of contamination and the investigation and remediation of such a system is presented. Suggestions are made for techniques for nondestructive evaluation of contamination of surfaces for other solid state welds as well as for pinch welds. Surfaces that have good visual access are amenable to inspection by diffuse reflection infrared Fourier transform (DRIFT) spectroscopy. Although other techniques are useful for specific classes of contaminants (such as hydrocarbons), DRIFT can be used most classes of contaminants. Surfaces such as the interior of open tubes or stems that are to be pinch welded can be inspected using infrared reflection spectroscopy. It must be demonstrated whether or not this tool can detect graphite based contamination, which has been seen in stems. For tubes with one closed end, the technique that should be investigated is emission infrared spectroscopy.

Mills, Bernice E.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Selecting The Optimal Logging Suite For Geothermal Reservoir Evaluation-  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Selecting The Optimal Logging Suite For Geothermal Reservoir Evaluation- Selecting The Optimal Logging Suite For Geothermal Reservoir Evaluation- Results From The Alum 25-29 Well, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Selecting The Optimal Logging Suite For Geothermal Reservoir Evaluation- Results From The Alum 25-29 Well, Nevada Details Activities (6) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: This paper presents the results of analysis of a state of the art set of wireline petrophysical and wellbore image logs recorded in the Alum 25-29 well, southwestern Nevada. The Alum well penetrated nearly 2000 ft (610 m) of volcano-clastic rocks and more than 1000 ft of basement, separated from the sediments by a shallowly dipping detachment fault. The logs were acquired both to characterize the site and also to select the

369

DOE Selects Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC for Tank Operations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE Selects Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC for Tank DOE Selects Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC for Tank Operations Contract at Hanford Site DOE Selects Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC for Tank Operations Contract at Hanford Site May 29, 2008 - 12:51pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS), LLC has been selected as the tank operations contractor to store, retrieve and treat Hanford tank waste and close the tank farms at DOE's Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. The contract is a cost-plus award-fee contract valued at approximately $7.1 billion over ten years (a five-year base period with options to extend it for up to five years). WRPS is a limited liability company comprised of Washington Group

370

DOE Selects Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC for Tank Operations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Selects Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC for Tank Selects Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC for Tank Operations Contract at Hanford Site DOE Selects Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC for Tank Operations Contract at Hanford Site May 29, 2008 - 12:51pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS), LLC has been selected as the tank operations contractor to store, retrieve and treat Hanford tank waste and close the tank farms at DOE's Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. The contract is a cost-plus award-fee contract valued at approximately $7.1 billion over ten years (a five-year base period with options to extend it for up to five years). WRPS is a limited liability company comprised of Washington Group

371

Quantum reflection and interference of matter waves from periodically doped surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that periodically doped, flat surfaces can act as reflective diffraction gratings for atomic and molecular matter waves. The diffraction element is realized by exploiting that charged dopants locally suppress quantum reflection from the Casimir-Polder potential. We present a general quantum scattering theory for reflection off periodically charged surfaces and discuss the requirements for the observation of multiple diffraction peaks.

Benjamin A. Stickler; Uzi Even; Klaus Hornberger

2015-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

Shaping of Thin Grazing-Incidence Reflection Grating Substrates via Magnetorheological Finishing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for sub-arcsecond reflection optics. Keywords: x-ray optics, Constellation-X, reflection gratings, thin, such as Constellation-X,1 rely on grazing-incidence reflection gratings to provide the necessary high diffraction efficiency and dispersion for soft x-ray photons in the energy range of approximately 0.25 - 2.0 keV (0.6 - 5

373

Linearity and CNR Improvement Technologies against Optical Reflection inFiber-Oriented Wireless Access Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is important to consider optical reflection conditions when designing fiber-oriented wireless access systems around subcarrier optical transmission since the noise characteristic can be significantly degraded by optical reflection, especially ... Keywords: intensity noise, optical reflection, predistorter, subcarrier optical transmission, superimposed subcarrier modulation, superluminescent diode

Yuji Aburakawa; Hiroyuki Ohtsuka

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Statistical Analysis of Spatial Point Patterns on Deep Seismic Reflection Data: A Preliminary Test  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical Analysis of Spatial Point Patterns on Deep Seismic Reflection Data: A Preliminary Test analysis may provide a new tool for analysing spatial variations in reflection data. Key Words: Deep The purpose of this paper is to present spatial point pattern analyses of seismic reflection data in an effort

Schmidt, Volker

375

Measurements of submillimeter polarization induced by oblique reflection from aluminum alloy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of submillimeter polarization induced by oblique reflection from aluminum alloy Tom of submillimeter radiation when it is obliquely reflected by a flat mirror made of aluminum alloy. For angles by oblique reflection from aluminum alloy at a wavelength of 1 cm agrees with the prediction of the ordinary

Novak, Giles

376

VLF/LF reflectivity of the polar ionosphere. Report for 2 September-22 December 1979  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides a summary of high latitude ionospheric reflectivity as observed by the USAF high resolution VLF/LF ionosounder operating in northern Greenland. Ionospheric reflectivity parameters, including reflection heights and coefficients, are presented as a function of time of day. Riometer and magnetometer measurements of the polar propagation environment are presented as supplementary data.

Pagliarulo, R.P.; Turtle, J.P.; Rasmussen, J.E.; Klemetti, W.I.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Laser spectroscopy of francium isotopes at the borders of the region of reflection asymmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The magnetic dipole moments and changes in mean-square charge radii of the neutron-rich $^{218m,219,229,231}\\text{Fr}$ isotopes were measured with the newly-installed Collinear Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy (CRIS) beam line at ISOLDE, CERN, probing the $7s~^{2}S_{1/2}$ to $8p~^{2}P_{3/2}$ atomic transition. The $\\delta\\langle r^{2}\\rangle^{A,221}$ values for $^{218m,219}\\text{Fr}$ and $^{229,231}\\text{Fr}$ follow the observed increasing slope of the charge radii beyond $N~=~126$. The charge radii odd-even staggering in this neutron-rich region is discussed, showing that $^{220}\\text{Fr}$ has a weakly inverted odd-even staggering while $^{228}\\text{Fr}$ has normal staggering. This suggests that both isotopes reside at the borders of a region of inverted staggering, which has been associated with reflection-asymmetric shapes. The $g(^{219}\\text{Fr}) = +0.69(1)$ value supports a $\\pi 1h_{9/2}$ shell model configuration for the ground state. The $g(^{229,231}\\text{Fr})$ values support the tentative $I^{\\pi}(^{229,231}\\text{Fr}) = (1/2^{+})$ spin, and point to a $\\pi s_{1/2}^{-1}$ intruder ground state configuration.

I. Budin?evi?; J. Billowes; M. L. Bissell; T. E. Cocolios; R. P. de Groote; S. De Schepper; V. N. Fedosseev; K. T. Flanagan; S. Franchoo; R. F. Garcia Ruiz; H. Heylen; K. M. Lynch; B. A. Marsh; G. Neyens; T. J. Procter; R. E. Rossel; S. Rothe; I. Strashnov; H. H. Stroke; K. D. A. Wendt

2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

378

Solid-State Lighting: Current Opportunities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Financial Financial Opportunities Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Current Opportunities to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Current Opportunities on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Current Opportunities on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Current Opportunities on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Current Opportunities on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Current Opportunities on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Current Opportunities on AddThis.com... Current Opportunities DOE Selections Related Opportunities Current Opportunities DE-FOA-0000973: Solid-State Lighting Advanced Technology R&D - 2014 DE-FOA-0001046: FY14 SBIR/STTR Phase I, Release 2 Contacts | Web Site Policies | U.S. Department of Energy | USA.gov

379

Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Financial Financial Opportunities Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Related Opportunities on AddThis.com... Current Opportunities DOE Selections Related Opportunities Related Opportunities The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has created this resource to help researchers, manufacturers, and distributors of solid-state lighting products locate funding opportunities to help them advance and deploy

380

Robust quantum state transfer using tunable couplers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the transfer of a quantum state between two resonators connected by a superconducting transmission line. Nearly perfect state-transfer efficiency can be achieved by using adjustable couplers and destructive interference to cancel the back-reflection into the transmission line at the receiving coupler. We show that the transfer protocol is robust to parameter variations affecting the transmission amplitudes of the couplers. We also show that the effects of Gaussian filtering, pulse-shape noise, and multiple reflections on the transfer efficiency are insignificant. However, the transfer protocol is very sensitive to frequency mismatch between the two resonators. Moreover, the tunable coupler we considered produces time-varying frequency detuning caused by the changing coupling. This detuning requires an active frequency compensation with an accuracy better than 90% to yield the transfer efficiency above 99%.

Eyob A. Sete; Eric Mlinar; Alexander N. Korotkov

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

WASHINGTON, TUESDAY, JUNE 28, 1983 @nngmeional Ruord United States of America .__ -- . . ,- PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE 9@ CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION United States Government Printing Office SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS Washmgton, D C 20402 OFFICIAL BUSINESS Penalty Ior pwate use. $xX Congresstonal Record (USPS 087-390) Postage and Fees Pad U S Government Prlnhng 0ffv.X 375 SECOND CLASS NEWSPAPER H.4578 ' C.QNGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE June 28, 1983 H.J. Res. 273: Mr. BOUND. Mr. W~.XMAN. Mr. OBERSTAR, Mr. BEDELL. Mr. BONER of Tennessee, Mr. OWENS. Mr. DAUB, Mr. CONTE. Mr. RAHALL; Mr. GRAY, Mr. VANDER JACT. Mr. TRAKLER, and Mr. Vxrrro. H. Con. Res. 107: Mr. KASICH. Mr. AUCOIN. Mr. CARPER, and Mr. SIZHFIJER. H. Con. Res. 118: Mr. FISH. Mr. LANTOS.

382

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ongrees;ional Record ongrees;ional Record United States of America __._ -.. I. :- PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE 9tth CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION United States Government Printing Office SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS Washmcqton. Cl C 20402 OFFICIAL BUSINESS Penalty Ior pwate use. $300 Congressmal Record (USPS 087-390) Postage and Fees Pad U S Governme3n:jPnntmg OfIce SECOND CLASS NEWSPAPER H.4578 ' June 28, 1983 -: I H.J. Res. 273: Mr. BOLAND, Mr. WA-. Mr. OBERSTAFC, M' r. BEDELL, Mr. BONER of Tennessee, Mr. OWENS. Mr. DAUB. Mr. CONTE. Mr. RAHALL,. Mr. GRAY, Mr. VANDER JAGT. Mr. TRAKLER. and Mr. VENTO. H. Con. Res. iO7: Mr. KASICH. Mr. ALCOIN. Mr. CARPER. and Mr. SCHEUER. H. Con. Res. 118: Mr. FISH, Mr. LANTOS. Mr. KILDEE. Mr. SOLARZ Mr. Bmrr, Mr. BELWLL, Mr. RANG~L, Mr. DYMALLY. Mr.

383

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

E-T Global Energy, LLC E-T Global Energy, LLC OE Docket No. EA-381 Order Authorizing Electricity Exports to Mexico Order No. EA-381 June 10, 2011 I. BACKGROUND E-T Global Energy, LLC Order No. EA-381 Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated by the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to sections 301(b) and 402(f) of the Department ofEnergy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7151(b), 7172(f)) and require authorization under section 202(e) ofthe Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C.824a(e)) 1 * On May 10,2011, DOE received an application from E-T Global Energy, LLC (E-T Global) for authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico for five years as a power marketer using existing international transmission facilities. E-

384

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Bangor Hydro-Electric Company OE Docket No. PP-89-1 Amendment to Presidential Permit Order No. PP-89-1 December 30,2005 PRESIDENTIAL PERMIT AMENDMENT Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Order No. PP-89-1 I. BACKGROUND The Department of Energy (DOE) has responsibility for implementing Executive Order (E.O.) 10485, as amended by E.O. 12038, which requires the issuance of a Presidential permit by DOE before electric trans~nission facilities may be constructed, operated, maintained, or connected at the borders of the United States. DOE may issue such a permit if it determines that the permit is in the public interest and after obtaining favorable recommendations from the U.S. Departments of State and Defense. On December 16, 1988, Bangor Hydro-Electric Company (BHE) applied to DOE

385

Printed in the United States of America. Available from National Technical Information Service  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

season .......... 76 8.5 Solar/Convector Panel Performance ......... . 77 8.5.1 Winter heat or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. #12;ORNL/CON-64 Contract No. W-7405

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

386

Preface: Deep seismic reflection profiling of the continental lithosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......University Department of Earth Sciences. It enabled us to entertain...Secretary of State for Education and Science and to invite two speakers...the Department of Earth Sciences. Two hundred and fifty metres of poster board were constructed......

Drummond Matthews; Catherine Smith

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Evidence for the onset of reflection asymmetry in Fr216  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

States in doubly odd Fr216 have been studied using in-beam ?, ?, and e- spectroscopy techniques through the Pb208(11B3n) fusion-evaporation reaction. Fr216 shows a band structure with interleaved states of alternating parities connected by enhanced B(E1) transitions. It represents the lowest-mass corner of the region (Z?87,N?129) in which this phenomenon is observed.

M. E. Debray; J. Davidson; M. Davidson; A. J. Kreiner; D. Hojman; D. Santos; K. Ahn; D. B. Fossan; Y. Liang; R. Ma; E. S. Paul; W. F. Piel; Jr.; N. Xu

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Model for reflectance anisotropy spectra of molecular layered systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a theoretical study based on the local field interaction for the reflectance anisotropy spectra of organic molecular layers. Each layer is formed by an ordered two-dimensional array of polarizable organic molecules that respond to the local electric field like point-like harmonic oscillators. We concentrate on the morphological characteristics of the layers and its effect on the spectra, showing that the reorientation of the molecules from layer to layer, as the system is assembled, gives rise to a line shape of the spectra that goes from peak-like to derivative-like. Our spectra shows good qualitative agreement with experimental results of a layered system of metalloporphyrin octaesters molecules deposited onto an isotropic gold substrate by the Langmuir-Schaefer technique.

Bernardo S. Mendoza and R. A. Vázquez-Nava

2005-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

389

Noise Estimate of Pendular Fabry-Perot through Reflectivity Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A key issue in developing pendular Fabry-Perot interferometers as very accurate displacement measurement devices, is the noise level. The Fabry-Perot pendulums are the most promising device to detect gravitational waves, and therefore the background and the internal noise should be accurately measured and reduced. In fact terminal masses generates additional internal noise mainly due to thermal fluctuations and vibrations. We propose to exploit the reflectivity change, that occurs in some special points, to monitor the pendulums free oscillations and possibly estimate the noise level. We find that in spite of long transients, it is an effective method for noise estimate. We also prove that to only retain the sequence of escapes, rather than the whole time dependent dynamics, entails the main characteristics of the phenomenon. Escape times could also be relevant for future gravitational wave detector developments.

Addesso, Paolo; Filatrella, Giovanni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Copper-assisted, anti-reflection etching of silicon surfaces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method (300) for etching a silicon surface (116) to reduce reflectivity. The method (300) includes electroless deposition of copper nanoparticles about 20 nanometers in size on the silicon surface (116), with a particle-to-particle spacing of 3 to 8 nanometers. The method (300) includes positioning (310) the substrate (112) with a silicon surface (116) into a vessel (122). The vessel (122) is filled (340) with a volume of an etching solution (124) so as to cover the silicon surface (116). The etching solution (124) includes an oxidant-etchant solution (146), e.g., an aqueous solution of hydrofluoric acid and hydrogen peroxide. The silicon surface (116) is etched (350) by agitating the etching solution (124) with, for example, ultrasonic agitation, and the etching may include heating (360) the etching solution (124) and directing light (365) onto the silicon surface (116). During the etching, copper nanoparticles enhance or drive the etching process.

Toor, Fatima; Branz, Howard

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

391

Measured Performance of Selective Glazings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Measured Performance of Selective Glazings Measured Performance of Selective Glazings Title Measured Performance of Selective Glazings Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBL-37747 Year of Publication 1995 Authors Klems, Joseph H., Mehry Yazdanian, and Guy O. Kelley Conference Name Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Buildings VI Conference Date Published 12/1995 Conference Location Clearwater Beach, FL Call Number LBL-37747 Abstract Measurements of the net heat flow through four selective glazings in comparison with clear double glazing under late summer outdoor conditions are presented. The solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) for each glazing is extracted from the data and shown to be angle-dependent. Good agreement is found between measured properties and calculations with WINDOW 4.1.

392

Gasification Systems 2013 Project Selections  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Energy in 2013 selected ten projects that will focus on reducing the cost of gasification with carbon capture for producing electric power, fuels, and chemicals. The projects will...

393

Select Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Select Solar Select Solar Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Select Solar Name Select Solar Address Unit 5 Blakehill Business Park Chelworth Road Cricklade SN6 6JD Place Cricklade, United Kingdom Sector Solar Year founded 2002 Phone number 0845 0031353 Website http://www.selectsolar.co.uk/ Coordinates 51.6393949°, -1.8573671° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.6393949,"lon":-1.8573671,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

394

Hydrogen Selective Exfoliated Zeolite Membranes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Selective Exfoliated Zeolite Hydrogen Selective Exfoliated Zeolite Membranes Background An important component of the Department of Energy (DOE) Carbon Sequestration Program is the development of carbon capture technologies for power systems. Capturing carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from mixed-gas streams is a first and critical step in carbon sequestration. To be technically and economically viable, a successful separation method must be applicable to industrially relevant gas streams at realistic

395

The Effect of Non-Lambertian Surface Reflectance on Aerosol Radiative Forcing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface reflectance is an important factor in determining the strength of aerosol radiative forcing. Previous studies of radiative forcing assumed that the reflected surface radiance is isotropic and does not depend on incident illumination angle. This Lambertian reflection model is not a very good descriptor of reflectance from real land and ocean surfaces. In this study we present computational results for the seasonal average of short and long wave aerosol radiative forcing at the top of the atmosphere and at the surface. The effect of the Lambertian assumption is found through comparison with calculations using a more detailed bi-direction reflectance distribution function (BRDF).

Ricchiazzi, P.; O'Hirok, W.; Gautier, C.

2005-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

396

X-Raying an Accretion Disk in Realtime: the Evolution of Ionized Reflection during a Superburst from 4U 1636-536  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When a thermonuclear X-ray burst ignites on an accreting neutron star, the accretion disk undergoes sudden strong X-ray illumination, which can drive a range of processes in the disk. Observations of superbursts, with durations of several hours, provide the best opportunity to study these processes and to probe accretion physics. Using detailed models of ionized reflection, we perform time resolved spectroscopy of the superburst observed from 4U 1636-536 in 2001 with RXTE. The spectra are consistent with a blackbody reflecting off a photoionized accretion disk, with the ionization state dropping with time. The evolution of the reflection fraction indicates that the initial reflection occurs from a part of the disk at larger radius, subsequently transitioning to reflection from an inner region of the disk. Even though this superburst did not reach the Eddington limit, we find that a strong local absorber develops during the superburst. Including this event, only two superbursts have been observed by an instrum...

Keek, L; Kuulkers, E; Strohmayer, T E

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Quantum teleportation scheme by selecting one of multiple output ports  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The scheme of quantum teleportation, where Bob has multiple (N) output ports and obtains the teleported state by simply selecting one of the N ports, is thoroughly studied. We consider both deterministic version and probabilistic version of the teleportation scheme aiming to teleport an unknown state of a qubit. Moreover, we consider two cases for each version: (i) the state employed for the teleportation is fixed to a maximally entangled state, and (ii) the state is also optimized as well as Alice's measurement. We analytically determine the optimal protocols for all the four cases, and show the corresponding optimal fidelity or optimal success probability. All these protocols can achieve the perfect teleportation in the asymptotic limit of $N\\to\\infty$. The entanglement properties of the teleportation scheme are also discussed.

Satoshi Ishizaka; Tohya Hiroshima

2009-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

398

United States Government  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

. . . .... ...... ..... .. . .. . . .. . , . . . . ..- - --. -- -. , . . DOEF 1325,8 (08.93) United States Government Department of Energy memorandum DATE: August 13, 2007 1 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-07-21 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-32 (A06PR047) SUBJECT: Audit of Executive Compensation at Selected National Nuclear Security Administration Sites TO: Director, Policy and Internal Controls Management, NA-66 INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE As part of a Department of Energy-wide audit of executive compensation, we reviewed fourN* Lti nai-.AL 4 ... :.. ,._*i Amiinistration (NiNSA)SsitCe. Speuiiiu-~l we reviewed executive cormpeisation costs incurred and claimed for Fiscal Years 2003, 2004, and 2005 at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Sandia National Laboratories, and the Y-12

399

Magnetotransport theory in quantum dots: 3D-0D and 2D-0D tunneling and angular momentum selection rules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A study of magnetotransport through quantum dots is presented. The model allows one to analyze tunneling both from bulk-like contacts and from 2D accumulation layers. The fine features in the I-V characteristics due to the quantum dot states are known to be shifted to different voltages depending upon the value of the magnetic field. While this effect is also well reproduced by our calculations, in this work we concentrate on the amplitude of each current resonance as a function of the magnetic field. Such amplitudes show oscillations reflecting the variation of the density of states at the Fermi energy in the emitter. Furthermore the amplitude increases as a function of the magnetic field for certain features while it decreases for others. In particular, we demonstrate that the behavior of the amplitude of the current resonances is linked to the value of the angular momentum of each dot level through which tunneling occurs. We show that a selection rule on the angular momentum must be satisfied. As a consequence, tunneling through specific dot states is strongly suppressed and sometimes prohibited altogether by the presence of the magnetic field. This will allow to extract from the experimental curves detailed information on the nature of the quantum-dot wave functions involved in the electronic transport. Furthermore, when tunneling occurs from a two-dimensional accumulation layer to the quantum dot, the presence of a magnetic field hugely increases the strength of some resonant features. This effect is predicted by our model and, to the best of our knowledge, has never been observed.

B. Jouault; M. Boero; G. Faini; J. C. Inkson

1999-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

400

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5 5 United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CC-1-I Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives served through the facilities of Carolina Power & Light Company, Western Division (hereinafter called the Customers). Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and sold in wholesale quantities. Character of Service: The electric capacity and energy supplied hereunder will be three-phase alternating

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

DOE Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections For Innovative  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections For Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections For Innovative State Efficiency, Renewables Initiatives DOE Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections For Innovative State Efficiency, Renewables Initiatives September 8, 2008 - 2:02pm Addthis OVERLAND PARK, Kan. - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency David Rodgers today announced awards for approximately $6.6 million in competitive-selected grants for innovative state-level energy efficiency and renewable energy policies and projects. The DOE supported, state-led projects will focus on building utility scale energy capacity from renewables and demand reduction, as well as advanced building energy codes. Rodgers made the announcements while addressing

402

DOE Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections For Innovative  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

$6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections For $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections For Innovative State Efficiency, Renewables Initiatives DOE Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections For Innovative State Efficiency, Renewables Initiatives September 8, 2008 - 3:20pm Addthis OVERLAND PARK, Kan. - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency David Rodgers today announced awards for approximately $6.6 million in competitive-selected grants for innovative state-level energy efficiency and renewable energy policies and projects. The DOE supported, state-led projects will focus on building utility scale energy capacity from renewables and demand reduction, as well as advanced building energy codes. Rodgers made the announcements while addressing

403

DOE Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections For Innovative  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections For Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections For Innovative State Efficiency, Renewables Initiatives DOE Announces $6.6 Million in Competitive Grant Selections For Innovative State Efficiency, Renewables Initiatives September 8, 2008 - 2:02pm Addthis OVERLAND PARK, Kan. - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency David Rodgers today announced awards for approximately $6.6 million in competitive-selected grants for innovative state-level energy efficiency and renewable energy policies and projects. The DOE supported, state-led projects will focus on building utility scale energy capacity from renewables and demand reduction, as well as advanced building energy codes. Rodgers made the announcements while addressing

404

DOE Announces Selections for SSL Core Technology and Product Development Funding Opportunities (Round 5)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The National Energy Technology Laboratory, on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), is pleased to announce its selections for solid-state lighting (SSL) funding opportunities. Fourteen...

405

SELF-SELECTING RELIABLE PATH ROUTING FOR ALL ENVIRONMENTS USING SENSE WITH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 4. Self Selecting Reliable Path (SRP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 4.1 SRP Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 4.1.1 SRP Finite State Autonama . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 4.1.2 Analytical Proof That an Alternate Route will be Found in SRP

Varela, Carlos

406

DOE Announces Selections for SSL Manufacturing R&D (Round 3) Funding Opportunity  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy has announced the competitive selection of three projects for solid-state lighting (SSL), in response to the SSL Manufacturing R&D funding opportunity announcement...

407

DOE Announces Selections for SSL Manufacturing R&D (Round 4) Funding Opportunity  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy has announced the competitive selection of five projects for solid-state lighting (SSL), in response to the SSL Manufacturing R&D funding opportunity announcement ...

408

Real-time flavor tagging selection in ATLAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In high-energy physics experiments on hadron colliders, online selection is crucial to reject most uninteresting collisions. In particular, the ATLAS experiment includes b-jet selections in its trigger strategy, in order to select final states with heavy-flavor content and enlarge its physics potentials. Dedicated selections are developed to quickly identify fully hadronic final states containing b-jets, while rejecting light QCD jets, and maintain affordable trigger rates without raising jet energy thresholds. ATLAS successfully operated b-jet trigger selections during both 2011 and 2012 data-taking campaigns and hard work is on-going now to improve the performance of tagging algorithms for coming Run2 in 2015. An overview of the ATLAS b-jet trigger strategy and its performance on real data is presented in this contribution, along with future prospects. Data-driven techniques to extract the online b-tagging performance, a key ingredient for all analyses relying on such triggers, are also discussed and result...

Madaffari, D; The ATLAS collaboration

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

TexMex Energy, LLC TexMex Energy, LLC OE Docket No. EA-294-A Order Authorizing Electricity Exports to Mexico Order No. EA-294-A February 22, 2007 TexMex Energy, LLC Order No. EA-294-A I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign count~y are regulated by the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to sections 301(b) and 402(f) of the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7 15 1 (b), 71 72(f)) and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C.824a(e)) . On August 25,2004, DOE issued Order No. EA-294 authorizing TexMex Energy LLC (TexMex) to transmit electric energy fiom the United States to Mexico as a power marketer. That authority expired on August 25, 2006. On September 8, 2006, TexMex applied to renew the electricity export authority

410

State Volume  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Volume of Natural Gas Delivered to Processing Plants (million cubic feet) Total Liquids Extracted (thousand barrels) Extraction Loss Located Within the State Located Outside of the State Total Processed Volume (million cubic feet Estimated Heat Content (billion Btu) Alabama...................... 111,656 2,614 114,270 4,476 5,810 18,610 Alaska ......................... 2,987,364 0 2,987,364 33,346 38,453 148,444 Arkansas..................... 214,868 161 215,029 237 474 977 California..................... 240,566 0 240,566 9,798 12,169 41,037 Colorado ..................... 493,748 1,249 494,997 16,891 23,420 63,411 Florida......................... 5,900 0 5,900 1,130 1,143 4,202 Illinois.......................... 578 0 578 63 64 271 Kansas........................ 825,825 2,731 828,556 30,617 41,115 120,221 Kentucky .....................

411

United States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

United States United States Coal ................................................ 4,367 4,077 4,747 4,181 4,473 4,125 4,983 4,330 4,414 4,003 4,796 4,178 4,344 4,479 4,348 Natural Gas .................................... 2,802 2,843 3,694 2,863 2,713 2,880 3,636 2,707 2,792 2,972 3,815 2,849 3,052 2,986 3,109 Petroleum (a) .................................. 74 73 81 67 73 70 75 66 75 70 76 66 74 71 71 Other Gases ................................... 32 33 36 32 32 34 37 33 33 35 39 34 33 34 35 Nuclear ........................................... 2,176 2,044 2,257 2,170 2,106 2,037 2,167 2,010 2,144 2,074 2,206 2,055 2,162 2,080 2,120 Renewable Energy Sources: Conventional Hydropower ........... 736 886 716 633 765 887 708 646 767 919 729 659 742 751 768 Wind ............................................ 491 520 353 449 477 521 379 475

412

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Tenaslta Power Services Co. Tenaslta Power Services Co. OE Docket No. EA-243-A Order Authorizing Electricity Exports to Canada Order No. EA-243-A March 1,2007 Tenaska Power Services Co. Order No. EA-243-A I. BACKGROUND Exports of elcctricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated by the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to sections 30 I(b) and 402(f) of the Departrncnt of' Energy Organizatio~l Act (42 U, S.C. 7 15 1 (b), 7 1 72Cf)) and rcquirc authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) ( Z 6 U. s.c.824a(e)j1. On August 16,2001, DOE issued Order No. EA-243 authorizing Tenaska Power Scrvices Co. (Tenaska) to transmit electric cncrgy from the United States to Canada as a power marketer. That authority expired on August 16,2003. On August 14,2006, Teilaska applied to renew the electricity export authority

413

Optoelectronic simulation of GaAs solar cells with angularly selective filters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss the influence of angularly selective filters on thin film gallium arsenide solar cells. For this reason, the detailed balance model was refined to fit our needs with respect to Auger recombination, reflection, transmission, and realistic absorption. For calculating real systems, an approach was made to include optical effects of angularly selective filters into electron-hole dynamic equations implemented in PC1D, a one dimensional solar cell calculation tool. With this approach, we find a relative V{sub oc} increase of 5% for an idealized 100?nm GaAs cell, including Auger recombination.

Kraus, Tobias, E-mail: tobias.kraus@ise.fraunhofer.de; Höhn, Oliver; Hauser, Hubert; Bläsi, Benedikt [Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Heidenhofstr. 2, 79110 Freiburg (Germany)

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

414

Selecting the supply chain route: environmental aspects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given the general concern over the state of nature, environmental issues are of more significance in supply chains than previously. The routing of transportation chains is typically based on economic factors at the expense of ecological factors. The environmental impact and risks attributable to transportation are often not understood, and therefore taking them into account is challenging. In this paper we discuss the environmental effects and risks related to freight transportation, and suggest a method for assessing environmental factors in route selection. We applied the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) in considering the greener option in road and railway transportation, a combination yielding alternative routings that cause minimum environmental damage and risk in the case under investigation.

Jyri Vilko; Hanna Alve; Risto Soukka; Jukka Hallikas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A FORCE-REFLECTING TELEOPERATION SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For certain applications, such as space servicing, undersea operations, and hazardous material handling tasks in nuclear reactors, the environments can be uncertain, complex, and hazardous. Lives may be in danger if humans were to work under these conditions. As a result, a man-machine system--a teleoperator system--has been developed to work in these types of environments. In a typical teleoperator system, the actual system operates at a remote site; the operator located away from this system usually receives visual information from a video image and/or graphical animation on the computer screen. Additional feedback, such as aural and force information, can significantly enhance performance of the system. Force reflection is a type of feedback in which forces experienced by the remote manipulator are fed back to the manual controller. Various control methods have been proposed for implementation on a teleoperator system. In order to examine different control schemes, a one Degree-Of-Freedom (DOF) Force-Reflecting Manual Controller (FRMC) is constructed and integrated into a PC. The system parameters are identified and constructed as a mathematical model. The Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) and fuzzy logic controllers are developed and tested experimentally. Numerical simulation results obtained from the mathematical model are compared with those of experimental data for both types of controllers. In addition, the concept of a telesensation system is introduced. A telesensation system is an advanced teleoperator system that attempts to provide the operator with sensory feedback. In this context, a telesensation system integrates the use of a Virtual Reality (VR) unit, FRMC, and Graphical User Interface (GUI). The VR unit is used to provide the operator with a 3-D visual effect. Various commercial VR units are reviewed and features compared for use in a telesensation system. As for the FRMC, the conceptual design of a 3-DOF FRMC is developed in an effort to make the system portable, compact, and lightweight. A variety of design alternatives are presented and evaluated. Finally, a GUI software package is developed to interface with several teleoperation unit components. These components include an industrial robot, electric motor, encoder, force/torque sensor, and CCD camera. The software includes features such as position scaling, force scaling, and rereferencing and is intended to provide a sound basis for the development of a multi-DOF FRMC system in the future.

M.A. Ebadian, Ph.D.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

417

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

418

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

419

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

420

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print A Spintronic Semiconductor with Selectable Charge Carriers Print Accentuating the Positive (or the Negative) Spintronics-a type of electronics that makes use of electron spin as well as charge-is already here to a certain extent. The discovery of giant magnetoresistance, a spin-based effect, has revolutionized the information storage industry. Beyond this, however, scientists envision the possibility of combining storage and processing functions in one integrated system. In electronics, processing is done using semiconductor materials like silicon and germanium that have the requisite properties to perform logical operations with both electrons (negative n-type charge carriers) and holes (positive p-type charge carriers). Thus, a spintronically desirable semiconductor would simultaneously have discrete spin-up and spin-down states as well as both positive and negative charge carriers. Strategies for developing spintronic semiconductors have been based on surface doping or on alloying, both of which have drawbacks such as chemical instability or reduced mobility. In BiTeI, however, electron and hole conduction is achieved without modifying the ideal crystal structure. One of the things discovered by Crepaldi et al. was that the electronic band structure of BiTeI bends in different ways near the surface depending on which layer is on top. That, in turn, means that the Fermi level (which determines a material's conductivity) can be located in either the valence band (for positive charge carriers) or the conduction band (for negative charge carriers). With techniques such as molecular-beam epitaxy and chemical vapor deposition, it is realistic to consider that regions with opposite band bending could be patterned on a substrate, opening new possibilities for the manipulation of spin-polarized states.

422

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7 7 United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CTV-1-H Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to the Tennessee Valley Authority (hereinafter called TVA). Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy generated at the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Old Hickory, Cheatham, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and the Laurel Project sold under agreement between the Department of Energy and TVA. Character of Service: The electric capacity and energy supplied hereunder will be three-phase alternating current at a frequency of approximately 60 hertz at the outgoing terminals of the Cumberland

423

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CTVI-1-A Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to customers (hereinafter called the Customer) who are or were formerly in the Tennessee Valley Authority (hereinafter called TVA) service area. Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy generated at the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Old Hickory, Cheatham, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and the Laurel Project sold under agreement between the Department of Energy and the Customer. Character of Service: The electric capacity and energy supplied hereunder will be three-phase alternating

424

UNITED STATES  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

f).~<~~ \--\c :y-,ai F p"- KG f).~<~~ \--\c :y-,ai F p"- KG WASHINOTDN 28.0. C. ' -lr ' \ ' ' --- ".I ?--" ' z I. .~;-4.' J frr*o& 2 ii, - - -4 70-147 LRL:JCD JAN !! 8 1958 Oregon Metallurgical Corporation P. 0. Box 484 Albany, Oregon Attention: Mr. Stephen M. Shelton General Manager Gentlemen: Enclosed is Special Nuclear Material License No. SNM-144, as amended. Very 33uly yours, r:; I,;, ll)~gQ""d".- Lyall Johnson Chief, Licensing Branch Division of Licensing & Regulation Enclosure: SNM-144, as amended Distribution: bRO0 Attn: Dr. H.M.Roth DFMusser NMM MMMann INS JCRyan FIN (2) HSteele LRL SRGustavson LRL Document room Formal file Suppl. file Br & Div rf's ' .b liwwArry s/VW- ' q+ ' yj/ 2; 2-' , COP' 1 J JAM01958 -- UNITED STATES ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION

425

United States  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule JW-2-F Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to the Florida Power Corporation (or Progress Energy Florida, hereinafter called the Company). Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric energy generated at the Jim Woodruff Project (hereinafter called the Project) and sold to the Company in wholesale quantities. Points of Delivery: Power sold to the Company by the Government will be delivered at the connection of the Company's transmission system with the Project bus. Character of Service: Electric power delivered to the Company will be three-phase alternating current at a nominal frequency of 60 cycles per second.

426

Measured performance of selective glazings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of the net heat flow through four selective glazings in comparison with clear double glazing under late summer outdoor conditions are presented. The SHGC for each glazing is extracted from the data and shown to be angle-dependent. The method of extracting the angle-dependent SHGC from the data is checked by comparing the measured SHGC for the clear double glazing to the calculation of OW 4. 1, which is assumed to be correct. Good agreement between the two is found. The measured angle-dependent SHGC`s of the selective glazings are then used to test the OW 4.1 selective glazing calculation and good agreement is again found.

Klems, J.H.; Yazdanian, M.; Kelley, G.O.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Criticality Benchmark Analysis of Water-Reflected Uranium Oxyfluoride Slabs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of twelve experiments were conducted in the mid 1950's at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Critical Experiments Facility to determine the critical conditions of a semi-infinite water-reflected slab of aqueous uranium oxyfluoride (UO2F2). A different slab thickness was used for each experiment. Results from the twelve experiment recorded in the laboratory notebook were published in Reference 1. Seven of the twelve experiments were determined to be acceptable benchmark experiments for the inclusion in the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments. This evaluation will not only be available to handbook users for the validation of computer codes and integral cross-section data, but also for the reevaluation of experimental data used in the ANSI/ANS-8.1 standard. This evaluation is important as part of the technical basis of the subcritical slab limits in ANSI/ANS-8.1. The original publication of the experimental results was used for the determination of bias and bias uncertainties for subcritical slab limits, as documented by Hugh Clark's paper 'Subcritical Limits for Uranium-235 Systems'.

Margaret A. Marshall; John D. Bess

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Space-fractional advection-diffusion and reflective boundary condition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Anomalous diffusive transport arises in a large diversity of disordered media. Stochastic formulations in terms of continuous time random walks (CTRWs) with transition probability densities showing space- and/or time-diverging moments were developed to account for anomalous behaviors. A broad class of CTRWs was shown to correspond, on the macroscopic scale, to advection-diffusion equations involving derivatives of noninteger order. In particular, CTRWs with Lévy distribution of jumps and finite mean waiting time lead to a space-fractional equation that accounts for superdiffusion and involves a nonlocal integral-differential operator. Within this framework, we analyze the evolution of particles performing symmetric Lévy flights with respect to a fluid moving at uniform speed v. The particles are restricted to a semi-infinite domain limited by a reflective barrier. We show that the introduction of the boundary condition induces a modification in the kernel of the nonlocal operator. Thus, the macroscopic space-fractional advection-diffusion equation obtained is different from that in an infinite medium.

Natalia Krepysheva; Liliana Di Pietro; Marie-Christine Néel

2006-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

429

Three-dimensional light trap for reflective particles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for containing either a reflective particle or a particle having an index of refraction lower than that of the surrounding media in a three-dimensional light cage. A light beam from a single source illuminates an optics system and generates a set of at least three discrete focussed beams that emanate from a single exit aperture and focus on to a focal plane located close to the particle. The set of focal spots defines a ring that surrounds the particle. The set of focussed beams creates a "light cage" and circumscribes a zone of no light within which the particle lies. The surrounding beams apply constraining forces (created by radiation pressure) to the particle, thereby containing it in a three-dimensional force field trap. A diffractive element, such as an aperture multiplexed lens, or either a Dammann grating or phase element in combination with a focusing lens, may be used to generate the beams. A zoom lens may be used to adjust the size of the light cage, permitting particles of various sizes to be captured and contained.

Neal, Daniel R. (Tijeras, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Water-Moderated and -Reflected Slabs of Uranium Oxyfluoride  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of ten experiments were conducted at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Critical Experiment Facility in December 1955, and January 1956, in an attempt to determine critical conditions for a slab of aqueous uranium oxyfluoride (UO2F2). These experiments were recorded in an Oak Ridge Critical Experiments Logbook and results were published in a journal of the American Nuclear Society, Nuclear Science and Engineering, by J. K. Fox, L. W. Gilley, and J. H. Marable (Reference 1). The purpose of these experiments was to obtain the minimum critical thickness of an effectively infinite slab of UO2F2 solution by extrapolation of experimental data. To do this the slab thickness was varied and critical solution and water-reflector heights were measured using two different fuel solutions. Of the ten conducted experiments eight of the experiments reached critical conditions but the results of only six of the experiments were published in Reference 1. All ten experiments were evaluated from which five critical configurations were judged as acceptable criticality safety benchmarks. The total uncertainty in the acceptable benchmarks is between 0.25 and 0.33 % ?k/keff. UO2F2 fuel is also evaluated in HEU-SOL-THERM-043, HEU-SOL-THERM-011, and HEU-SOL-THERM-012, but these those evaluation reports are for large reflected and unreflected spheres. Aluminum cylinders of UO2F2 are evaluated in HEU-SOL-THERM-050.

Margaret A. Marshall; John D. Bess; J. Blair Briggs; Clinton Gross

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Top-down or bottom-up strategy approach for promotion of cleaner production in Egypt? Reflections on China's experiences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Egypt has been undergoing intense dynamics since the 25 January 2011 revolution, with people aspiring for positive democratic and social changes. As Egypt attempts to further industrialise and modernise its economy, energy and water security are some of the most pressing challenges. The time to address these problems is now, but through a different economic paradigm of low carbon, resource efficient and socially inclusive national development, known as 'green economy' or 'circular economy' (CE) in China. The experience of China was selected because its challenges were similar to Egypt: accelerating economic growth and industrial expansion. After China's rapid industrialisation in the 1980s, serious environmental pollution stimulated Chinese leaders to develop an alternative economic model based on sustainable development. Focusing on the CE of the manufacturing sector in China, this paper reflects on and draws lessons from China's experiences in implementing cleaner production (CP). The research reviews the systems implemented to promote CP in China as well as gaps in their efforts to reach CE at the firm-level. It reflects on the adequacy of Egypt's current policies to attain a green economy in its manufacturing industries.

Dalia Sakr; Salah El-Haggar; Donald Huisingh; Leenard Baas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Laws and Incentives  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

State Laws and State Laws and Incentives to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Laws and Incentives on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Laws and Incentives on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Laws and Incentives on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Laws and Incentives on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Laws and Incentives on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: State Laws and Incentives on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type State Laws and Incentives To view a state's laws and incentives related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles, select a state from the map or menu below. For examples

433

Materials Selection Considerations for Thermal Process Equipment...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Materials Selection Considerations for Thermal Process Equipment: A BestPractices Process Heating Technical Brief Materials Selection Considerations for Thermal Process Equipment:...

434

Montage Builders Northern Forest, Ryerson University Selected...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Selected as Grand Winners of First Student Design Competition for Zero Energy Ready Homes Montage Builders Northern Forest, Ryerson University Selected as Grand Winners of...

435

Sandia National Laboratories: Sandian Selected for Outstanding...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ClimateECEnergySandian Selected for Outstanding Engineer Award Sandian Selected for Outstanding Engineer Award Sandia Video Featured by DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office Parallel...

436

Characterization of atmospheric aerosols using Synchroton radiation total reflection X-ray fluorescence and Fe K-edge total reflection X-ray fluorescence-X-ray absorption near-edge structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study a new procedure using Synchrotron total reflection X-ray fluorescence (SR-TXRF) to characterize elemental amounts in atmospheric aerosols down to particle sizes of 0.015 um is presented. The procedure was thoroughly evaluated regarding bounce off effects and blank values. Additionally the potential of total reflection X-ray fluorescence–X-ray absorption near edge structure (SR-TXRF-XANES) for speciation of FeII/III down to amounts of 34 pg in aerosols which were collected for 1 h is shown. The aerosols were collected in the city of Hamburg with a low pressure Berner impactor on Si carriers covered with silicone over time periods of 60 and 20 min each. The particles were collected in four and ten size fractions of 10.0–8.0 ?m, 8.0–2.0 ?m, 2.0–0.13 ?m 0.13–0.015 ?m (aerodynamic particle size) and 15–30 nm, 30–60 nm, 60–130 nm, 130–250 nm, 250–500 nm, 0.5–1 ?m, 1–2 ?m, 2–4 ?m, 4–8 ?m, 8–16 ?m. Prior to the sampling “bounce off” effects on Silicone and Vaseline coated Si carriers were studied with total reflection X-ray fluorescence. According to the results silicone coated carriers were chosen for the analysis. Additionally, blank levels originating from the sampling device and the calibration procedure were studied. Blank levels of Fe corresponded to 1–10% of Fe in the aerosol samples. Blank levels stemming from the internal standard were found to be negligible. The results from the Synchroton radiation total reflection X-ray fluorescence analysis of the aerosols showed that 20 min of sampling time gave still enough sample material for elemental determination of most elements. For the determination of the oxidation state of Fe in the aerosols different Fe salts were prepared as a reference from suspensions in isopropanol. The results from the Fe K-edge Synchroton radiation total reflection X-ray fluorescence-X-ray absorption near-edge structure analysis of the aerosol samples showed that mainly Fe(III) was present in all particle size fractions.

U.E.A. Fittschen; F. Meirer; C. Streli; P. Wobrauschek; J. Thiele; G. Falkenberg; G. Pepponi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Randomized selection on the GPU  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We implement here a fast and memory-sparing probabilistic top N selection algorithm on the GPU. To our knowledge, this is the first direct selection in the literature for the GPU. The algorithm proceeds via a probabilistic-guess-and-chcck process searching for the Nth element. It always gives a correct result and always terminates. The use of randomization reduces the amount of data that needs heavy processing, and so reduces the average time required for the algorithm. Probabilistic Las Vegas algorithms of this kind are a form of stochastic optimization and can be well suited to more general parallel processors with limited amounts of fast memory.

Monroe, Laura Marie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wendelberger, Joanne R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Michalak, Sarah E [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

438

Method for discriminative particle selection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a method and means for separating ions or providing an ion beam. The invention generates ions of the isotopes to be separated, and then provides a traveling electric potential hill created by a sequential series of quasi static electric potential hills. By regulating the velocity and potential amplitude of the traveling electric potential hill ionized isotopes are selectively positively or negatively accelerated. Since the ionized isotopes have differing final velocities, the isotopes may be collected separately or used to produce an ion beam of a selected isotope.

Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Double and Negative Reflection of Cold Atoms in Non-Abelian Gauge Potentials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Atom reflection is studied in the presence of a non-Abelian vector potential proportional to a spin-1/2 operator. The potential is produced by a relatively simple laser configuration for atoms with a tripod level scheme. We show that the atomic motion is described by two different dispersion branches with positive or negative chirality. As a consequence, atom reflection shows unusual features, since an incident wave may split into two reflected ones at a barrier, an ordinary specular reflection, and an additional nonspecular one. Remarkably, the latter wave can exhibit negative reflection and may become evanescent if the angle of incidence exceeds a critical value. These reflection properties are crucial for future designs in non-Abelian atom optics.

Juzeliunas, Gediminas [Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy of Vilnius University, A. Gostauto 12, Vilnius 01108 (Lithuania); Department of Physics and Technology, Vilnius Pedagogical University, Studentu 39, Vilnius 08106 (Lithuania); Ruseckas, Julius [Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astronomy of Vilnius University, A. Gostauto 12, Vilnius 01108 (Lithuania); Jacob, Andreas; Santos, Luis [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Leibniz Universitaet, Hannover D30167 (Germany); Oehberg, Patrik [SUPA, School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom)

2008-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

440

Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance - Part II: Development of an accelerate aging method for roofing materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

values of solar reflectance and thermal emittance attainedreport values of solar reflectance and thermal emittance ofaverage aged solar reflectance and thermal emittance values

, Mohamad Sleiman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Solid state radiative heat pump  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solid state radiative heat pump operable at room temperature (300 K) utilizes a semiconductor having a gap energy in the range of 0.03-0.25 eV and operated reversibly to produce an excess or deficit of change carriers as compared equilibrium. In one form of the invention an infrared semiconductor photodiode is used, with forward or reverse bias, to emit an excess or deficit of infrared radiation. In another form of the invention, a homogenous semiconductor is subjected to orthogonal magnetic and electric fields to emit an excess or deficit of infrared radiation. Three methods of enhancing transmission of radiation the active surface of the semiconductor are disclosed. In one method, an anti-refection layer is coated into the active surface of the semiconductor, the anti-reflection layer having an index of refraction equal to the square root of that of the semiconductor. In the second method, a passive layer is speaced trom the active surface of the semiconductor by a submicron vacuum gap, the passive layer having an index of refractive equal to that of the semiconductor. In the third method, a coupler with a paraboloid reflecting surface surface is in contact with the active surface of the semiconductor, the coupler having an index of refraction about the same as that of the semiconductor.

Berdahl, P.H.

1984-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

442

Selecting a new water heater  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes the types of water heaters available (storage water heaters, demand water heaters, heat pump water heaters, tankless coil and indirect water heaters, and solar water heaters). The criteria for selection are discussed. These are capacity, efficiency rating, and cost. A resource list is provided for further information.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Compromise strategies for action selection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...10.1098/rstb.2007.2051 Howard, R 1977Risk preferenceIn Readings in decision analysisMenlo Park, CA:SRI International Humphrys, M. 1996 Action selection methods using reinforcement learning. PhD thesis, University of Cambridge...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Selecting Landscape Plants: Shade Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selecting Landscape Plants: Shade Trees Diane Relf, Extension Specialist, Horticulture, Virginia for any landscape plan. They set the stage for the entire home grounds design. The type used. Many will live and enhance the landscape for 100 or more years if they are given a chance. Because

Liskiewicz, Maciej

445

Some effects of range upon AN/CPS-9 radar reflectivities in thunderstorms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Department) January 1961 Echo height and radar reflectivity measurements are obtained for central and southeast Texas thunderstorms. Storms are classified into five categories according to the severity of surface weather reported by cooper- ative... observers ~ U. S. Weather Bureau severe storm summaries, and news- paper clippings. Median profiles of the reflectivities are constructed, and comparisons are made between reflectivities measured at various ranges. Regression curves are obtained which...

Sanford, Tom E

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

446

Evaluation of Advanced Heliostat Reflective Facets on Cost and Performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Heliostat reflective facets have traditionally been constructed with glass/silver and metal back support, which may be near reaching its minimum cost point. During the past year, Sandia National Laboratories evaluated alternative low-cost materials and manufacturing methods to construct facets with the goal of reducing current facet cost by at least 25% while maintaining surface slope errors of 1 milli-radians RMS or below. Several companies developed prototype facet samples, which were optically evaluated at Sandia and compared to baseline facet samples using a proposed cost-to-performance metric. A cost-performance metric for comparing facets was developed by modeling and optimizing the hypothetical SunShot 200 \\{MWe\\} power tower plant scenario in DELSOL, a computer code for system-level modeling of power tower systems. We varied the slope error on the facets and adjusted the cost on the facets to maintain a constant plant levelized cost of energy (LCOE). The result of these models provided a chart of the facet optical performance and the allowable facet cost for a constant plant LCOE. The size of the prototype facet samples ranged from 1.4 to 3 m2. The measured optical slope errors were between 1 and 2 milli- radians RMS when compared to a flat mirror design shape. Despite slope errors greater than 1 milli-radians RMS, some of the prototype samples met the cost goals for this project using the cost-performance metric. Next steps are to work with the companies to improve the manufacturing processes and further reduce the cost and improve on the optical performance to reach Department of Energy SunShot goal of $75/m2 for heliostats.

J. Yellowhair; C.E. Andraka

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Home, Home (Video) on the Range: Reflections on Small-Town Video Stores in 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Home,Home (Video) on the Range Reflections on Small-Town VideoFields Journal no. 1 (2010) Home, Home (Video) on the Range

Herbert, Daniel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Synthesis of Multipole Acoustic Logging Measurements Using the Generalized Reflection/Transmission Matrices Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthesis of Multipole Acoustic Logging Measurements Using the Generalized Reflection analytical method that has been used in multipole waveform synthesis for radially multilayered formations

Torres-Verdín, Carlos

449

Reflection Survey At Fish Lake Valley Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(1 January 2011) GTP ARRA Spreadsheet Additional References Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleReflectionSurveyAtFishLakeValleyArea(DOEGTP)&oldid402617...

450

E-Print Network 3.0 - attenuated total reflectance-fourier Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(AA) monomerswas visualized and analyzed using attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform Source: Freger, Viatcheslav "Slava" - Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research,...

451

E-Print Network 3.0 - attenuated total reflection-fourier Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(AA) monomerswas visualized and analyzed using attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform Source: Freger, Viatcheslav "Slava" - Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research,...

452

Characterization of Diffuse Reflectance FT-IR Spectrometry for Heterogeneous Catalyst Studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The characteristics of diffuse reflectance (DR) infrared spectrometry for the study of adsorbed species were investigated. DR spectra of adsorbed CO on supported catalysts with a...

Van Every, Kenneth W; Griffiths, Peter R

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

E-Print Network 3.0 - albedo reflectance Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Implications for the surface energy budget Summary: albedo to the extrapolation algorithm andor to the Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF... ;hemispheric...

454

E-Print Network 3.0 - atrophy rate reflecting Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: atrophy rate reflecting Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Evaluation of Brain Atrophy Estimation Algorithms using Simulated Ground-Truth Data Summary: diseases....

455

Anisotropic dynamic model of forbidden reflections in x-ray diffraction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A dynamic model of anisotropic x-ray diffraction is developed using two-wave approximation. A dispersion surface equation is derived for the screw-axis and glide-plane forbidden reflections. Propagation and polarization phenomena of waves are discussed. The deductions show that all these forbidden reflections may be excited except the 00l (l=2n+1) reflections for a 63 screw axis and the 00l (l=6n+3) reflections for 61 and 65 screw axes. The general methods are illustrated by their application to the rutile structure.

Yong Li, Yi Ding, X. R. Huang, X. S. Wu, W. J. Liu, and S. S. Jiang

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Long-pitch cholesteric liquid crystal cell for switchable achromatic reflection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a switchable achromatic reflector using a long-pitch cholesteric liquid crystal (CLC) whose Bragg reflection wavelength is chosen to be infrared by controlling the pitch...

Kim, Ki-Han; Jin, Hye-Jung; Park, Kyoung-Ho; Lee, Joun-Ho; Kim, Jae Chang; Yoon, Tae-Hoon

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Reflection Survey At Oceanic-Marine Systems (Singh, Et Al., 1999...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oceanic-Marine Systems (Singh, Et Al., 1999) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey At Oceanic-Marine Systems (Singh,...

458

Anatomy-Based Algorithms for Detecting Oral Cancer Using Reflectance and Fluorescence Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OBJECTIVES: We used reflectance and fluorescence spectroscopy to noninvasively and quantitatively distinguish benign from dysplastic/malignant oral lesions. We designed diagnostic algorithms to account for differences in ...

McGee, Sasha

459

Planetary Wave Breaking and Nonlinear Reflection: Seasonal Cycle and Interannual Variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the effects of the Hadley circu- lation and westerly2002: Effect of the Hadley circulation on the reflection ofdue to the strong wintertime Hadley circulation. The Hadley

Abatzoglou, John T; Magnusdottir, Gudrun

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

E-Print Network 3.0 - architecture reflects pluripotency Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: architecture reflects pluripotency Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Leading Edge Chromatin...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect selected state" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Competitive Subcontract Selection in Utility Energy Service Contracts  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Competitive Subcontract Competitive Subcontract Selection in UESC Gordon Maynard, CEM, LEED AP Team Leader, So. California Gas Company NAVFAC UESC RFP Clause: Competition - The Contractor shall competitively bid and select subcontractors in accordance with FAR clause 52.244-5 (Competition in Subcontracting) to implement this Authorization. The Contractor shall include with its proposal the Abstract of Offers, identifying the project, and stating company name, address and amount of bid for all subcontract's bids. Since FAR 44.204(c) states: The contracting officer shall, when contracting by negotiation, insert the clause 52.244-5, Competition in Subcontracting, in solicitations and contracts when the contract amount is expected to exceed the simplified acquisition threshold, unless-

462

Energy Conservation Tax Credits - Competitively-Selected Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Corporate) Corporate) Energy Conservation Tax Credits - Competitively-Selected Projects (Corporate) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Insulation Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate 35% of qualifying project costs The sum of all incentives, grants, credits, or other public funds may not exceed total project costs Program Info Start Date 2011 State Oregon Program Type Corporate Tax Credit

463

Energy Conservation Tax Credits - Competitively-Selected Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Personal) Personal) Energy Conservation Tax Credits - Competitively-Selected Projects (Personal) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Other Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Insulation Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Bioenergy Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate 35% of qualifying project costs The sum of all incentives, grants, credits, or other public funds may not exceed total project costs Program Info Start Date 2011 State Oregon Program Type Personal Tax Credit

464

Bent crystal selection and assembling for the LAUE project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For the first time, with the Laue project, bent crystals are being used for focusing photons in the 80-300 keV energy range. The advantage is their high reflectivity and better Point Spread Function with respect to the mosaic flat crystals. Simulations have already shown their excellent focusing capability which makes them the best candidates for a Laue lens whose sensitivity is also driven by the size of the focused spot. Selected crystals are Germanium (perfect, (111)) and Gallium Arsenide (mosaic, (220)) with 40 m curvature radius to get a spherical lens with 20 m long focal length. A lens petal is being built. We report the measurement technique by which we are able to estimate the exact curvature of each tile within a few percent of uncertainty and their diffraction efficiency. We also discuss some results.

Liccardo, Vincenzo; Frontera, Filippo; Valsan, Vineeth; Guidi, Vincenzo; Buffagni, Elisa

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Comparative analysis of the transportation of select petrochemicals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large volumes of hazardous cargo move across US roadways daily. Field counts are conducted on sections of roadway that provide aggregated volumes. A high level of interest exists in acquiring the capability to replicate these periodic field counts through a computer-simulated programme. Base data and computer simulation models were identified, which could be coordinated with field counts. The corridor traversing the core of Houston's petrochemical industry served as the study area. Simulation data on producers and chemicals within the area were analysed, and alternate means of transportation were identified, to select chemicals most likely to be transported to the geographic area by truck. The likely frequency of shipments was calculated and compared to the field data. The study outcome reflected a good fit between the simulation and the field counts, providing positive conditions for application of the model to other corridors and showing strong potential for its predictive value.

Kevin L. Stamber; Mark A. Ehlen; Mark Pepple; Margaret E. Welk; Haoran Deng; Carol A. Lewis; Latissha Clark; James R. Bryant; Debbie Jasek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Considerations When Selecting a Condensing Economizer  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This tip sheet lays out considerations when selecting condensing economizers as part of optimized steam systems.

467

Selective poly-N-substituted glycine antibiotics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Antimicrobial peptoid compounds and related compositions as can be used against bacteria effectively and selectively.

Barron, Annelise E; Czyzewski, Ann M; Dohm, Michelle T; Miller, Tyler M; Zuckermann, Tyler M; Patch, James A; Chongsiriwatana, Nathaniel P

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

468

Biofuels Atlas (United States) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuels Atlas (United States) Biofuels Atlas (United States) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Biofuels Atlas (United States) Focus Area: Clean Transportation Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website: maps.nrel.gov/biomass Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/biofuels-atlas-united-states,http://c Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance Biofuels Atlas is an interactive map that allows users to compare biomass feedstocks and biofuels by location. Users may select from and apply biomass data layers to a map as well as query and download biofuels and feedstock data. The state zoom function summarizes state energy use and infrastructure for traditional and bioenergy power, fuels, and resources. The tool also calculates the biofuels potential for a given area.

469

Comparison of modern Mississippi fan with selected ancient fans  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comparison of the modern passive-margin Mississippi fan (DSDP Leg 96) with selected ancient active-margin fans reveals major differences in turbidite facies associations and seismic characteristics of the lower fan area. The lower Mississippi fan is composed of channel (facies B and F) and nonchannel sequences (facies C. and D), whereas lower fan areas of ancient active-margin fans are characterized by nonchannelized, thickening-upward depositional lobes (facies C and D) with sheetlike geometry. An absence of depositional lobes in the lower Mississippi fan is also suggested by a lack of mounded seismic reflections. Continuous and parallel seismic reflections of the lower Mississippi fan may represent sheet sands, but not those of true depositional lobes. In mature passive-margin fans, long, sinuous channels develop as a consequence of low gradients and the transport of sediment with a relatively low sand/mud ratio, and these channels develop lenticular sand bodies. In contrast, channels in active-margin fans are short and commonly braided as a result of high gradients and the transport of sediment with a relatively high sand/mud ratio. Braided channels characteristically develop sheetlike sand bodies.

Shanmugam, G.; Moiola, R.J.; McPherson, J.G.; O'Connell, S.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Hole Selective MoOx Contact for Silicon Solar Cells Corsin Battaglia,,,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hole Selective MoOx Contact for Silicon Solar Cells Corsin Battaglia,,, Xingtian Yin,,,§, Maxwell, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, United States Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, United States § Electronic Materials Research

Javey, Ali

471

PMU Deployment for Optimal State Estimation Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the benefits from data aggregation. Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) is such an advanced device capablePMU Deployment for Optimal State Estimation Performance Yue Yang, Student Member IEEE, and Sumit are anticipated; however, due to the high cost of PMU installation, their deployment will continue to be selective

Roy, Sumit

472

State of Connecticut Connecticut State Library  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

State of Connecticut Connecticut State Library Office of the Public Records Administrator www, and §7-109 of the General Statutes of Connecticut (CGS). Definitions "Agency" means a state agency administered by the Connecticut State Library as referred to in CGS §11-8. "Public record" means any recorded

Holsinger, Kent

473

CONCRETE REFLECTED ARRAYS OF U(93.2) METAL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the period from 1963 – 1973, experiments involving highly enriched uranium units were performed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Critical Experiments Facility to determine various critical configurations of three-dimensional arrays. The experiments formed a four-part series, and were reported by several different experimenters; the results of interest for this evaluation are those reported for the fourth experimentation, Critical Three-Dimensional Arrays of Neutron Interacting Units: Part IV, published and performed by D.W.Magnuson (Ref 1). Information is also available in the logbook . This set of experiments utilized subcritical metal units on a split table apparatus to determine critical configurations for 2×2×2 arrangements of highly enriched uranium reflected by concrete. Magnuson manipulated the configuration of several uranium cylinders and blocks within a concrete reflector. The different permutations utilized uranium cylinders of two different heights in various positions in the three dimensional array; certain cases also placed thin uranium blocks on top of the cylinders. The thickness of the surrounding concrete, as well as the inner dimensions of the concrete reflector was also varied in certain cases. The variations resulted in fourteen different experimental permutations or configurations. All fourteen configurations were judged to be unacceptable for use as criticality safety benchmarks. All experiments were initially evaluated; however only three configurations were evaluated in detail. Configurations 2, 4, 6 and 12 were not evaluated in detail because they are subcritical and configurations 5, 7, 8, 9, and 10 were also were not evaluated in detail because they were supercritical by more than beta effective (~0.007), or prompt critical. The experiments evaluated in detail for this benchmark were configurations 1, 3, and 11. The experimental report also contains the information for HEU-MET-FAST-056. Closely related work has been recorded in HEU-MET-FAST-053, which is a benchmark evaluation of a different series of three dimensional array experiments with four different moderator materials. HEU-MET-FAST-023 and HEU-MET-FAST-026 are also related because they utilize the same metal cylinders as these experiments.

Mackenzie Gorham; John D. Bess; J. Blair Briggs; Virginia Dean; Davis Reed

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Doubles counting of highly multiplying items in reflective surroundings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When a neutrons are counted from a spontaneously fissile multiplying item in a reflecting environment the temporal behavior of the correlated signal following neutron birth is complex. At early times the signal is dominated by prompt fission events coming from spontaneous fission bursts and also from prompt fast-neutron induced fission events. At later times neutrons 'returning' from the surroundings induce fission and give rise to an additional chain of correlated events. The prompt and returning components probe the fissile and fertile constituents of the item in different ways and it is potentially beneficial to exploit this fact. In this work we look at how the two components can be represented using a linear combination of two simple functions. Fitting of the composite function to the capture time distribution represents one way of quantifying the proportion of each contribution. Another approach however is to use a dual shift register analysis where after each triggering event two coincidence gates are opened, one close to the trigger that responds preferentially to the prompt dynamics and one later in time which is more sensitive to the returning neutron induced events. To decide on the best gate positions and gate widths and also to estimate the counting precision we can use the analytical fit to work out the necessary gate utilization factors which are required in both these calculations. In this work, we develop the approach. Illustrative examples are given using spent Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) Pressurized light Water Reactor (LWR) fuel assemblies submersed in borated water and counted in a ring of {sup 3}He gas-filled proportional counters. In this case the prompt component is dominated by {sup 244}Cm spontaneous fission and induced fast neutron fission in for example {sup 238}U while the returning low energy neutrons induce fission mainly in the fissile nuclides such as {sup 239}Pu, {sup 241}Pu and {sup 235}U. One requirement is to calculate the Random Triggered Interrogation Gate Utilization Factor needed to make a priori precision estimates but not available from Monte Carlo simulation code MCNPX.

Croft, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Evans, Louise G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schear, Melissa A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tobin, Stephen J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

475

JGI - Len Pennacchio - Select Publications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Len Pennacchio - Select Publications Len Pennacchio - Select Publications Graduate Studies Pennacchio, L. A., Lehesjoki, A.-E., Stone, N. E., Willour, V., Virtaneva, K., Miao, J., D'Amato, E., Ramirez, L., Faham, M., Koskiniemi, M., Warrington, J., Norio, R., A., de la Chapelle, A., Cox, D. R. and Myers, R. M. 1996. Mutations in the gene encoding cystatin B in Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsy (EPM1). Science 271(5256): 1731-1734. Virtaneva, K., D'Amato, E., Miao, J., Koskiniemi, M., Norio, R., Avanzini, G., Franceschetti, S., Michelucci, R., Tassinari, C. A., Omer, S., Pennacchio, L. A., Myers, R. M., Dieguez-Lucena, J. L., Krahe, R., de la Chapelle, A., and Lehesjoki, A.-E. 1997. Unstable minisatellite expansion causing recessive myoclonus epilepsy (EPM1). Nature Genetics 15(4): 393-396. Pennacchio, L. A., Bouley, D. M., Higgins, K. M., Scott, M. P., Noebels, J.

476

Selection Criteria for Demonstration Projects  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Selection Criteria: Selection Criteria: Energy Savings: * If a building were to apply this technology, how much energy could it save compared to a "typical" existing building? How much energy could it save compared to a typical "new" building built to the latest (IECC 2007) code? Provide references, calculations, and documentation. * If the technology is a drop-in replacement, how much energy could it save compared to "typical" new equipment? Provide references, calculations, and documentation. Market & Job Creation Potential: * What is the market potential for this technology? * What types of buildings is this technology best suited for? What types of buildings is this technology ill-suited for? * How many US buildings that could potentially benefit from/utilize this technology? What % of U.S.

477

Carlsbad Field Office Manager Selected  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Carlsbad Field Office Manager Selected CARLSBAD, N.M., November 10, 2011 - The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Richland Operations Office (RL) Assistant Manager for the River Corridor Joe Franco was selected as Manager for the Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO), which oversees the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). CBFO Deputy Manager Ed Ziemianski has been acting in the CBFO Manager's position for the past year and will continue to serve as Deputy Manager. In operation since 1999, WIPP is a DOE facility designed to safely isolate defense-related transuranic (TRU) waste from people and the environment. Since 2006, Franco was responsible for cleanup and restoration of the 220 square miles of the

478

Selection of windmill and site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are various types of windmills: horizontal, vertical, shaft, hybrid and others. Their merits and demerits were investigated to provide information for the selection of windmills and their design. Multi-wing types are suited to drive pumps, and propeller types are suited for wind-power generation. Since the wind varies in time with respect to its speed and direction, a windmill of any type should be controlled in rotation speed and/or direction. To realize this, auxiliary blades or other wind speed or direction detectors are combined with controllers of the windmills. Propeller-type and Darrieus-type wind-power generator systems were designed (including adequate power generators, power-transmission mechanisms, towers and foundations). Various factors involved in the selection of the site are given in addition to geographical investigations. 5 references.

Takeuchi, T.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Evolutionary selection of enzymatically synthesized semiconductors from biomimetic mineralization vesicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The way nature evolves and sculpts materials using proteins inspires new approaches to materials engineering but is still not completely understood. Here, we present a cell-free synthetic biological platform to advance studies of biologically synthesized solid-state materials. This platform is capable of simultaneously exerting many of the hierarchical levels of control found in natural biomineralization, including genetic, chemical, spatial, structural, and morphological control, while supporting the evolutionary selection of new mineralizing proteins and the corresponding genetically encoded materials that they produce. DNA-directed protein expression and enzymatic mineralization occur on polystyrene microbeads in water-in-oil emulsions, yielding synthetic surrogates of biomineralizing cells that are then screened by flow sorting, with light-scattering signals used to sort the resulting mineralized composites differentially. We demonstrate the utility of this platform by evolutionarily selecting newly identified silicateins, biomineralizing enzymes previously identified from the silica skeleton of a marine sponge, for enzyme variants capable of synthesizing silicon dioxide (silica) or titanium dioxide (titania) composites. Mineral composites of intermediate strength are preferentially selected to remain intact for identification during cell sorting, and then to collapse postsorting to expose the encoding genes for enzymatic DNA amplification. Some of the newly selected silicatein variants catalyze the formation of crystalline silicates, whereas the parent silicateins lack this ability. The demonstrated bioengineered route to previously undescribed materials introduces in vitro enzyme selection as a viable strategy for mimicking genetic evolution of materials as it occurs in nature.

Bawazer, Lukmaan A.; Izumi, Michi; Kolodin, Dmitriy; Neilson, James R.; Schwenzer, Birgit; Morse, Daniel E. (UCSB)

2012-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

480

Seismic reflection imaging of hydrostratigraphic facies in Boise: A tale of three scales Lee M. Liberty, Spencer H. Wood, and Warren Barrash, Center for Geophysical Investigation of the Shallow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismic reflection imaging of hydrostratigraphic facies in Boise: A tale of three scales Lee M Subsurface (CGISS), Boise State University Summary We have acquired, processed and interpreted seismic groundwater studies and to better understand the hydrostratigraphic significance of seismic boundaries. We use

Barrash, Warren

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481

A Vervaat-like path transformation for the reflected Brownian bridge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Vervaat-like path transformation for the reflected Brownian bridge conditioned on its local time for the reflected Brownian bridge conditioned on its local time at 0: up to random shifts, this process equals the two processes constructed from a Brownian bridge and a Brownian excursion by adding a drift

Chassaing, Philippe - Institut de Mathématiques �lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

482

Seismic reflection imaging of the Mount Rose fault zone, Reno, Nevada  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismic reflection imaging of the Mount Rose fault zone, Reno, Nevada Project Award Number: # G09AP expressed or implied, of the U.S. Government. #12;2 Abstract Five new high-resolution seismic reflection00071 Submission date: November 30, 2010 CGISS Technical Report 10-01 Lee M. Liberty Center

Barrash, Warren

483

Measurement of reflective liquid crystal displays S. T. Tang and H. S. Kwoka)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and reflective LCDs. © 2002 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.1473698 I. INTRODUCTION Reflective to obvious visual defects and coloration. For the case of LCoS microdisplays, the need for accu- rate cell for transmissive cells.6­13 These methods require the incident light to pass through the test cell

484

Solar Reflectance Index (SRI) Calculation Worksheet SRI-WS Computer Generated Form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zone: Building Type: Residential Nonresidential Project Name: Project Address: Roofing Products (Cool Roof) Roofing products with high solar reflectance and thermal emittance are referred to as "Cool Roof required to provide air conditioning. The benefit of a high reflectance surface is obvious: while dark

485

A near-infrared reflectance sensor for soil surface moisture measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soil moisture is an important soil property that has important functions in various studies and applications, such as agricultural practices, hydrological processes and ecological issues. A near-infrared (NIR) reflectance sensor designed for moisture ... Keywords: Light-emitting diode, Near-infrared reflectance, Relative absorption depth, Soil moisture

Zhe Yin; Tingwu Lei; Qinghong Yan; Zhanpeng Chen; Yuequn Dong

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Modeling the diffuse reflectance due to a narrow beam incident on a turbid medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of an asymptotic analysis of the radiative transport equation for strong scattering, weak absorption, and a narrow of the radiative transport equation, we show that this diffuse reflectance model gives results that are accurate for the diffuse reflectance from the solution of the radiative transport equation. However, using the solution

Kim, Arnold D.

487

Transparent Cockpit: Visual Assistance System for Vehicle Using Retro-reflective Projection Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transparent Cockpit: Visual Assistance System for Vehicle Using Retro-reflective Projection is displayed on the inner wall of the vehicle using a retro-reflective projection technology. In this system, such as the traffic sign detection system[l, 2], blind spot monitor[5, 11], night view system[13], and using a retro

Tachi, Susumu

488

On the design of the ECMAScript Reflection API TOM VAN CUTSEM, Vrije Universiteit Brussel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A On the design of the ECMAScript Reflection API TOM VAN CUTSEM, Vrije Universiteit Brussel MARK S. MILLER, Google Research We describe in detail the new reflection API of the upcoming Javascript standard. The most prominent feature of this new API is its support for creating proxies: virtual objects that behave

Steels, Luc

489

Reflections in computer modeling of rooms: Current approaches and possible extensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Computer modeling of rooms is most commonly done by some calculation technique that is based on decomposing the sound field into separate reflection components. In a first step a list of possible reflection paths is found and in a second step an impulse response is constructed from the list of reflections. Alternatively the list of reflections is used for generating a simpler echogram the energy decay as function of time. A number of geometrical acoustics?based methods can handle specular reflections diffuse reflections edge diffraction curved surfaces and locally/non?locally reacting surfaces to various degrees. This presentation gives an overview of how reflections are handled in the image source method and variants of the ray?tracing methods which are dominating today in commercial software as well as in the radiosity method and edge diffraction methods. The use of the recently standardized scattering and diffusion coefficients of surfaces is discussed. Possibilities for combining edge diffraction surface scattering and impedance boundaries are demonstrated for an example surface. Finally the number of reflection paths becomes prohibitively high when all such combinations are included as demonstrated for a simple concert hall model. [Work supported by the Acoustic Research Centre through NFR Norway.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Autonomous buoy for seismic reflection data acquisition in the inaccessible parts of the Arctic Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Autonomous buoy for seismic reflection data acquisition in the inaccessible parts of the Arctic Instrumentation, Bergen, Norway An autonomous buoy which collects seismic reflection data and transmits to shore of the seismic buoy (thick red, green and black lines). - we have successfully developed an autonomous buoy

Kristoffersen, Yngve

491

Uranium Oxide as a Highly Reflective Coating from 150-350 eV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of depleted uranium metal (less than 0.2% U-235). After sputtering, the uranium was allowed to oxidize1 Uranium Oxide as a Highly Reflective Coating from 150-350 eV Richard L. Sandberg, David D. Allred.byu.edu ABSTRACT We present the measured reflectances (beamline 6.3.2, ALS at LBNL) of naturally oxidized uranium

Hart, Gus

492

Improved spatial resolution for reflection mode infrared microscopy Hans A. Bechtel,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

illumination of the secondary mirror, as is the case with transmission mode. The PSF of a Schwarzschild December 2009 Standard commercial infrared microscopes operating in reflection mode use a mirror to direct the reflected light from the sample to the detector. This mirror blocks about half of the incident light

Martin, Michael C.

493

Doppler Effect Associated with the Reflection of Light on a Moving Mirror  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Doppler Effect associated with the reflection on a moving mirror is reduced to two Doppler Effect experiments involving the incoming incident ray and the outgoing reflected ray or vice-versa. The dependence of the corresponding Doppler factors on the incidence angle on the stationary mirror.

Bernhard Rothenstein; Ioan Damian

2005-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

494

Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy is a Rapid, Cost-Effective Predictor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy is a Rapid, Cost-Effective Predictor of Seagrass Nutrients + Business Media, Inc. 2006 Abstract Near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy was used to analyze nutrient com to the laboratory, and separated into leaf and root/rhizome fractions. They were dried, ground, and near-infrared

Marsh, Helene

495

State-Machine Replication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

State-Machine Replication #12;The Problem Clients Server #12;The Problem Clients Server #12;The (state machine) #12;The Solution 1. Make server deterministic (state machine) State machine #12;The Solution 1. Make server deterministic (state machine) 2. Replicate server State machines #12;The Solution 1

Venkataramani, Arun

496

W(310) cold-field emission characteristics reflecting the vacuum states of an extreme high vacuum electron gun  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An extremely high vacuum cold-field electron emission (CFE) gun operating at pressures ranging from {approx}10{sup -8} Pa to {approx}10{sup -10} Pa was constructed. Only the CFE current emitting from W(310) surfaces revealed the existence of a 'stable region' with high current angular density just after tip flash heating. In the 'stable region,' the CFE current was damped very slowly. The presence of non-hydrogen gas eliminated this region from the plot. Improvement of the vacuum prolonged the 90% damping time of the CFE current from {approx}10 min to 800 min. The current angular density I{sup Prime} of CFE current was 60 and 250 {mu}A/sr in the 'stable region' for total CFE currents of 10 and 50 {mu}A, respectively. These results were about three times larger than I{sup Prime} when measured after the complete damping of the CFE current. The CFE gun generated bright scanning transmission electron microscopy images of a carbon nanotube at 30 kV.

Cho, Boklae; Shigeru, Kokubo [Hitachi High-Technologies Corporation 882, Ichige, Hitachinaka-shi, Ibaraki-ken 312-8504 (Japan); Oshima, Chuhei [Kagami Memorial Laboratory for Materials Science and Technology, Waseda University, 2-8-26 Nishi-Waseda, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-0072 (Japan)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

497

V-142: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute 2: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code V-142: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code April 25, 2013 - 12:14am Addthis PROBLEM: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code PLATFORM: Version(s): 7 Update 21; possibly other versions (1.7.0_21-b11) Java Server JRE is also affected. ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Oracle Java. REFERENCE LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1028466 Oracle IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: A remote user can create a specially crafted Java application that, when loaded and approved by the target user, will trigger a flaw in the Reflection API to bypass the security sandbox. IMPACT: A remote user can create a Java file that, when loaded by the target user,

498

Influence of ionization on reflection of solitary waves in a magnetized plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The reflection of nonlinear solitary waves is studied in a nonuniform, magnetized plasma diffusing from an ionization source along the magnetic field lines. Contribution of the ionization term is included in the continuity equation. The behavior of solitary waves is governed by modified form of Korteweg–de Vries equation (called mKdV equation). In order to investigate the reflection of solitary waves, the mKdV equations for the right and left going waves are derived, and solved by finding new transformations coupled at the point of reflection, for obtaining the expression of reflection coefficient. Contrary to the case of usual inhomogeneous plasma, the present analysis shows that a combination of usual sech{sup 2} structure and tanh structure (called the tail of soliton) arises due to the influence of ionization term. Interestingly, this tailing structure disappears after the reflection of the soliton and hence, the soliton is downshifted prominently.

Jyoti,; Malik, Hitendra K. [Plasma Waves and Particle Acceleration Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110 016 (India)] [Plasma Waves and Particle Acceleration Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110 016 (India); Kumar, Ravinder [Department of Physics, Janta Vedic College Baraut, Uttar Pradesh 265 001 (India)] [Department of Physics, Janta Vedic College Baraut, Uttar Pradesh 265 001 (India); Dahiya, Raj P. [Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110 016 (India)] [Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110 016 (India)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

499

BeppoSAX spectroscopy of MR 2251-178: a test for ionized reflection in radio quiet QSOs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the 0.1-200 keV BeppoSAX spectrum of MR 2251-178 observed at two epochs in 1998 separated by 5 months. Both epochs show identical spectral shape and X-ray flux. Analysis of the combined spectra allow us to confirm the presence of the ionized Fe K-alpha line detected by ASCA and to test the presence of reflection from ionized material. The best self-consistent spectral fit is obtained when including a contribution from a mildly ionized reflector (Xi(0.01-100) ~ 1625 erg cm s-1, i.e. U(0.1-10) ~ 0.14) with a reflection fraction R_ion ~ 0.11. An exponential cut-off to the direct power-law continuum is then required at E ~ 100 keV. The low energy spectrum is absorbed by ionized matter with a column density N_W = (8.1 (-1.2/+2.1))*10^21 cm^-2 and an X-ray ionization parameter U(0.1-10)= 0.06 +/- 0.01. The warm absorber column is slightly lower than that measured with ASCA. This change could be caused by bulk motion. The BeppoSAX absorber ionization parameter globally agrees with the ``U versus Flux'' correlation found for MR 2251-178 with EXOSAT, Ginga and ASCA. This suggests that the absorber is in a state of instantaneous ionization equilibrium.

A. Orr; P. Barr; M. Guainazzi; A. N. Parmar; A. J. Young; ;

2001-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

500

United States Goverment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

UO/J±0ou4 TcdJ ± O:S'. Aa. ou* o *.I. I 01j ' . UO/J±0ou4 TcdJ ± O:S'. Aa. ou* o *.I. I 01j ' . - - 00E F 1325,8 (08-93) United States Goverment Department of Energy memorandum DATE: August 13, 2007 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-07-19 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-32 (A07PR059) SUBJECT: Audit of Executive Compensation at Selected Office of Science Sites TO: Chief Operating, Officer, Office of Science INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE As part of a Department of Energy-wide audit of executive compensation, we reviewed seven Office of Science sites. Specifically, we reviewed executive compensation costs incurred ~,r claim~.- fr- F".*l*- Y. rs 2003, 2 , and 2005 at - Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne), Brookhaven National Laboratory (Brookhaven), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Princeton Plasma Physics