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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

SEAD: secure efficient distance vector routing for mobile wireless ad hoc networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SEAD: secure efficient distance vector routing for mobile wireless ad hoc networks Yih-Chun Hu a University, Houston, TX 77005, USA Abstract An ad hoc network is a collection of wireless computers (nodes stations or access points. Although many previous ad hoc network routing protocols have been based in part

Ramkumar, Mahalingam

2

Name-based content routing in information centric networks using distance information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Naming and Routing in Information-Centric Networks,” IEEEal. , “A Survey of Information-centric Networking Research,”et al. , “A Survey of Information-centric Networking,” IEEE

Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J.J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Migratory connectivity and population-specific migration routes in a long-distance migratory bird  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...using a 6 mm-Teflon ribbon harness. We used 9.5 and 12 g solar satellite transmitters (PTT-100 series, Microwave Telemetry...subis), despite different migration routes at the Gulf of Mexico. The Auk 130, 291-296. ( doi:10.1525/auk.2013...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Simulated impact of sensor field of view and distance on field measurements of bidirectional reflectance factors for row crops  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract It is well established that a natural surface exhibits anisotropic reflectance properties that depend on the characteristics of the surface. Spectral measurements of the bidirectional reflectance factor (BRF) at ground level provide us a method to capture the directional characteristics of the observed surface. Various spectro-radiometers with different field of views (FOVs) were used under different mounting conditions to measure crop reflectance. The impact and uncertainty of sensor FOV and distance from the target have rarely been considered. The issue can be compounded with the characteristic reflectance of heterogeneous row crops. Because of the difficulty of accurately obtaining field measurements of crop reflectance under natural environments, a method of computer simulation was proposed to study the impact of sensor FOV and distance on field measured BRFs. A Monte Carlo model was built to combine the photon spread method and the weight reduction concept to develop the weighted photon spread (WPS) model to simulate radiation transfer in architecturally realistic canopies. Comparisons of the Monte Carlo model with both field BRF measurements and the RAMI Online Model Checker (ROMC) showed good agreement. \\{BRFs\\} were then simulated for a range of sensor FOV and distance combinations and compared with the reference values (distance at infinity) for two typical row canopy scenes. Sensors with a finite FOV and distance from the target approximate the reflectance anisotropy and yield average values over FOV. Moreover, the perspective projection of the sensor causes a proportional distortion in the sensor FOV from the ideal directional observations. Though such factors inducing the measurement error exist, it was found that the BRF can be obtained with a tolerable bias on ground level with a proper combination of sensor FOV and distance, except for the hotspot direction and the directions around it. Recommendations for the choice of sensor FOV and distance are also made to reduce the bias from the real angular signatures in field BRF measurement for row crops.

Feng Zhao; Yuguang Li; Xu Dai; Wout Verhoef; Yiqing Guo; Hong Shang; Xingfa Gu; Yanbo Huang; Tao Yu; Jianxi Huang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

IP Routing Table Compression Using TCAM and Distance-one Merge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subtraction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 IV.7 Pseudo Code to Convert a Range of IP Addresses to Cubes . . . . . 27 IV.8 Pseudo Code to Compress a Cover Using d1merge . . . . . . . . . . . 29 IV.9 Pseudo Code to Compress the Routing Table... Specified Functions (CSFs). Definition 5 A Literal is defined as a variable or its complement Definition 6 A Cube is defined as a conjunction of literals. Definition 7 A cube c is an Implicant ofF iff c?f +d Definition 8 A cube c1 is contained in a cube c2...

Bollapalli, Kalyana Chakravarthy

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

6

Feedback Circuits in Evolving Networks: Micro-Macro Linkages for Biases in Attachment, Routing and Distance Decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feedback Circuits in Evolving Networks: Micro-Macro Linkages for Biases in Attachment, Routing the phe- nomenon of feedback creation at the micro-level leads to changes in network topology at the macro and analyses still to be completed, v3.03) Abstract. We investigate information networks whose nodes can emit

White, Douglas R.

7

Ad-hoc and Hybrid Networks Performance Comparison of MANET Routing Protocols in Ad-hoc  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sequenced Distance Vector Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.2.1 Routing Table Management-hoc On Demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.3.1 Route Discovery and Multipoint Relays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.4.3 Spreading Topology Informations

Braun, Torsten

8

Routing Discussion Paper  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ROUTING ISSUES RELATED TO ROUTING ISSUES RELATED TO U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION: DISCUSSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS PREPARED BY THE ROUTING TOPIC GROUP OF THE TRANSPORTATION EXTERNAL COORDINATION WORKING GROUP APRIL 1998 (a) Routing Issues Related to U.S. Department of Energy Radioactive Materials Transportation: Discussion and Recommendations Table of Contents I. Introduction ........................................................................................................................................ 1 II. Assumptions for Planning Purposes..................................................................................................... 1 III. The Current Routing Regulatory Structure and Its Implications...........................................................

9

Neutron Reflectivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron Reflectivity ... This article is part of the Neutron Reflectivity special issue. ... The articles in this special issue on neutron reflectivity cover a broad range of the applications of this technique and the related X-ray and neutron scattering experiments of SAXS, SANS, GISAXS, and GISANS. ...

Jeffrey Penfold

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

10

Rail Routing Criteria Selection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

File name 1 File name 1 Rail Routing: Using Decision Analysis to Evaluate Objectives Ruth F. Weiner, Sandia National Laboratories Steven Hamp, U. S. Department of Energy April 22, 2004 Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. TEC1 File name 2 Scoping the Problem * More than one rail route is available between any spent fuel site in the U. S. and Caliente, NV. * Routes differ in several parameters, like route length, track quality, urban areas transited, and so on. * Any particular route may not uniformly have more desirable parameters than another route; e.g. a shorter route may go through more urban centers.

11

Solar Decathlon 2013: Going the Distance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Going the Distance Going the Distance Solar Decathlon 2013: Going the Distance September 17, 2013 - 4:26pm Addthis Toggle Routes on/off Return to map → Solar Decathlon Journeys Visualizing the distances that each Solar Decathlon house travelled Click competitors to toggle their journeys on and off. All routes and distances are approximate. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Solar Decathlon 2013: In our new blog series, we're going behind the scenes to show you what it takes to compete in the Solar Decathlon. First up: Meet the teams competing this year and learn how they were selected. Part two looks at how the teams must master the art of fundraising. What does it take to design an energy-efficient, solar-powered house? Part three looks at creating a winning design.

12

A Comparison of Overlay Routing and Multihoming Route Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Comparison of Overlay Routing and Multihoming Route Control Aditya Akella Jeffrey Pang Bruce multihoming, route control, overlay routing Bruce Maggs is also with Akamai Technologies. This work Protocol (BGP) are often held responsible for fail- ures and poor performance of end-to-end transfers

Fisher, Kathleen

13

Extraction Route Trials on Sensitive Sites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on extraction routes. These routes must therefore be carefully constructed and maintained in order to safeguard

14

Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes: Blue Route  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Blue Route Map (On-Site/Off-Site) Blue Route Map (On-Site/Off-Site) Scroll down or click here for schedule ↓ Printable Map Blue Route map Blue Route Schedule Effective May 3, 2013 Text Box: BLUE SHUTTLE SCHEDULE BLUE Route # 65 DOWNHILL BART 65 UPHILL 62/66 1 6:20 AM 6:30 AM 6:40 AM 6:52 AM 2 6:30 AM 6:40 AM 6:50 AM 7:02 AM 3 6:40 AM 6:50 AM 7:00 AM 7:12 AM 4 6:50 AM 7:00 AM 7:10 AM 7:22 AM 1 7:04 AM 7:16 AM 7:28 AM 7:40 AM 2 7:16 AM 7:28 AM 7:40 AM 7:52 AM 3 7:28 AM 7:40 AM 7:52 AM 8:04 AM 4 7:40 AM 7:52 AM 8:04 AM 8:16 AM 1 7:52 AM 8:04 AM 8:16 AM 8:28 AM 2 8:04 AM 8:16 AM 8:28 AM 8:40 AM 3 8:16 AM 8:28 AM 8:40 AM 8:52 AM 4 8:28 AM 8:40 AM 8:52 AM 9:04 AM 1 8:40 AM 8:52 AM 9:04 AM 9:16 AM 2 8:52 AM 9:04 AM 9:16 AM 9:28 AM 3 9:04 AM 9:16 AM 9:28 AM 9:40 AM 4 9:16 AM 9:28 AM 9:40 AM 9:52 AM 1 9:28 AM 9:40 AM 9:52 AM 10:04 AM 2 9:40 AM 9:52 AM 10:04 AM 10:16 AM 3 9:52 AM 10:04 AM

15

A Framework for Energy-Aware Routing in Packet Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......adaptive routing algorithm that uses smart packets for QoS-based path finding...a whole router, one can already benefit from just turning links off. The...and `green' systems, such as the Smart Grid, distance learning and E-work......

Erol Gelenbe; Christina Morfopoulou

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Collective network routing  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are a unified method and apparatus to classify, route, and process injected data packets into a network so as to belong to a plurality of logical networks, each implementing a specific flow of data on top of a common physical network. The method allows to locally identify collectives of packets for local processing, such as the computation of the sum, difference, maximum, minimum, or other logical operations among the identified packet collective. Packets are injected together with a class-attribute and an opcode attribute. Network routers, employing the described method, use the packet attributes to look-up the class-specific route information from a local route table, which contains the local incoming and outgoing directions as part of the specifically implemented global data flow of the particular virtual network.

Hoenicke, Dirk

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

17

Route guidance information for elderly passengers: route naming methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

correspond to the streets on which the routes travel or to the route's destinations. A survey of college undergraduate students indicated a preference for route names that included "North", "South", "East", or "West" to indicate the area of the city in which...

Higgins, Laura Lynne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

18

New Routes to Fusion Power?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New Routes to Fusion Power? ... THE VEIL OF SECRECY around U. S. research on controlled thermonuclear reactions has lifted slightly. ...

1958-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

19

Cognitively Ergonomic Route Alexander Klippel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cognitively Ergonomic Route Directions Alexander Klippel C R C - S p a t i a l I n f o r m a t i o principles that allow us to define what makes route directions cognitively ergonomic, technical aspects for cognitively ergonomic route directions (Denis, 1997; Lovelace, Hegarty, & Montello, 1999; Tversky & Lee, 1999

Klippel, Alexander

20

A delay-minimizing routing strategy for wireless multi-hop networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

each route comprises a backlogged source, a number of relays and a destination at a finite distance of a population of backlogged sources, each with a destination at a finite distance R, and a population of relays. The locations of the sources and the relays are realizations of independent Poisson point processes. Given

Haenggi, Martin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Visibility Distance of Pedestrians  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... actual experiment the distance at which the driver of a motor vehicle can see a pedestrian who is walking along the side of a highway at night. The tests are ... Inst., March). The principal conclusions arrived at are that the visibility of a pedestrian walking along a highway at night is increased by roughly 50 per cent by showing ...

1935-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

22

Oak Ridge via State Route  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Knoxville Nashville Oak Ridge via State Route 162 North STAYBRIDGE SUITES THE VISTA INN PROJECT OFFICE COMMERCE PARK OAK RIDGE/KNOXVILLE DETAILED ROUTE MAP A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R PARK (FORMERLY K-25 PLANT) OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY (X-10) Y-12 NATIONAL SECURITY COMPLEX 1 2 SNS

23

Oak Ridge via State Route  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Knoxville Nashville Oak Ridge via State Route 162 North OAK RIDGE INN & SUITES THE RIDGE INN. TRANSFER SNS PROJECT OFFICE COMMERCE PARK OAK RIDGE/KNOXVILLE ROUTE MAP A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R CIVIC COLISEUM UT MAIN CAMPUS UT AGRICULTURAL CAMPUS KNOXVILLE LEGEND OAK RIDGE LEGEND To Chattanooga (I

Pennycook, Steve

24

Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rear bike rack image Rear bike rack image The Laboratory provides shuttle bus services, contracted through MV Transportation Services. Routes run throughout its 200-acre facility, downtown Berkeley, local off-site facilities, UC Campus, Downtown Berkeley BART, and Rockridge BART stations. Shuttles offer free wifi onboard. Riders are asked to adhere to riding instructions. Active shuttle stops are marked with this sign: Bus sign image Shuttles run Monday through Friday, except Laboratory holidays. There is no weekend service. Special service for tours, group travel, etc. is available for a fee. All shuttles are equipped with Nextbus which uses GPS technology to enable riders to obtain real-time information on bus arrivals. Contact Bus Services at busservices@lbl.gov or 510-486-4165 to provide

25

Locally Optimal Source Routing for energy-efficient geographic routing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze the problem of finding an energy-efficient path from a source node to a destination using geographic routing. ... destination than the current node can still reduce energy consumption by taking part in...

Juan A. Sanchez; Pedro M. Ruiz

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

NEPA Review Routing Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

South Composting Facility South Composting Facility Document Number: 300 Date of Routing: 12/01/2010 (after MJT review 11/30/2010) Name Reviewed Signature Forwarded To Forwarded Date /"'. Date Anne Theriault 12/01/2010 ~A~ """'S" VL'f Steve Ames 12/01/201 0 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 '-~~~J.A.Pt ~..vi Email MJT 12/01/2010 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 <::)f.~ a 1...,.. D .-s~ Jeff Christiansen 12/01 /2010 . / / / / Jeff Christiansen 12/01/2010 4H /""-. :.-- Mike Taylor 12/01 /2010 ,,, /?1. y L (J ,:2_ 12./:L/11? Nf"f..b5 W~J2k: ~f€\J£' 14rf11'5 JZ.. /z./to 'S r ,.:-. j ~-- .A .ItA ~ s I Z / ,£ / 11 fiA t K t.. T .A" I Ur I l / 1.../JC J /41('~ /2. !2../.e.. I It? P?2'. / / <;7/?;.,L::_

27

NEPA Review Routing Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Concrete Storage Yard Concrete Storage Yard Document Number: 301 Date of Routing: 12/01/2010 (after MJT review 11/30/2010) Name Reviewed Signature Forwarded To Forwarded Date Date Anne Theriault 12/01/2010 ~ ..... --1 .L - Steve Ames 12/01/2010 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 :"#-~- /2--........, Email MJT 12/01/2010 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 s.£~ ~~ Jeff Christiansen 12/01/2010 ~ / / Jeff Christiansen 12/01/2010 /7~ A"' A'"~ Mike Taylor 12/01/2010 ~~"'' 1-4'1''-..t:P~ JZ-/2.//C> AJ El'l>S t..Ji!) ~K tf7TIJ c ,t/rtf f ~ !:z..Lz_L/.o , r S·rP:IIE At11Ef' .~ { L/lt:- ~.a A\ lt"L"' 1A'l1Al I 1-- I 'f../ /0 _.., _, ---r79 '(_L47 /2--. 12-/.L I IP ~L"/Y~A sn:vc 19"1r5 12-/2//P

28

NEPA Review Routing Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North Composting Facility North Composting Facility Document Number: 299 Date of Routing: 12/01/2010 (after MJT review 11/30/2010) Name Reviewed Signature Forwarded To Forwarded Date ..... Date Anne Theriault 12/01/2010 tl-i.A 1 ../\ _/ ~ Steve Ames 12/01/2010 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 t.::}wtLA Email MJT 12/01/2010 Steve Ames 12/01/2010 .LZ..L.-1 Jeff Christiansen 12/01/2010 . ~ "/ / / Jeff Christiansen 12/01/2010 ,(J,U y n--(/' Mike Taylor 12/01/2010 '~"' --r7j I{ LLtJ I? JZ../2../!b Nr_4l./)5 w&ll. K .S T£ v C AIV\ cs 12../2.../ I 0 ( .e:.,~:,/t.; AM IF s I t-fi. /,,s (J.,..,.M ·/A,_r_, 7AYtoJ- IZ....(z../lq ~ .... / --r-?JY~e t<.j .z..j / e:> I#'~ y ../"'~--< 5Tt: \J C /1 J111 C 5 t<-./z_j/0

29

Trust routing algorithm based on multiple decision factor theory in OSPF protocol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a novel trust model based on multiple decision factor theory (MDFT) and a trust routing algorithm based on MDFT to exactly evaluate routing node trust and establish a trustworthy routing path. MDFT integrates four dimensional trust decision factors including behavior, state, recommend and node liveness to realize an exactly finer-grained trust evaluation. On the basis of MDFT, a trust routing algorithm is presented and validated in open shortest path first (OSPF) protocol. Simulation results show that the algorithm can reflect the routing node trust accurately and has better dynamic response ability. Under the circumstance of existing deceptive nodes, the algorithm has better anti-deception performance and higher attack node detection rate than conventional algorithm.

Ting HAN; Shou-shan LUO; Hong-liang ZHU; Yang XIN

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

DISTANCES TO DARK CLOUDS: COMPARING EXTINCTION DISTANCES TO MASER PARALLAX DISTANCES  

SciTech Connect

We test two different methods of using near-infrared extinction to estimate distances to dark clouds in the first quadrant of the Galaxy using large near-infrared (Two Micron All Sky Survey and UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey) surveys. Very long baseline interferometry parallax measurements of masers around massive young stars provide the most direct and bias-free measurement of the distance to these dark clouds. We compare the extinction distance estimates to these maser parallax distances. We also compare these distances to kinematic distances, including recent re-calibrations of the Galactic rotation curve. The extinction distance methods agree with the maser parallax distances (within the errors) between 66% and 100% of the time (depending on method and input survey) and between 85% and 100% of the time outside of the crowded Galactic center. Although the sample size is small, extinction distance methods reproduce maser parallax distances better than kinematic distances; furthermore, extinction distance methods do not suffer from the kinematic distance ambiguity. This validation gives us confidence that these extinction methods may be extended to additional dark clouds where maser parallaxes are not available.

Foster, Jonathan B.; Jackson, James M. [Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Stead, Joseph J.; Hoare, Melvin G. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Benjamin, Robert A., E-mail: jbfoster@bu.edu, E-mail: jackson@bu.edu, E-mail: J.J.Stead@leeds.ac.uk, E-mail: mgh@ast.leeds.ac.uk, E-mail: benjamin@astro.wisc.edu [Physics Department, University of Wisconsin Whitewater, Whitewater, WI 53190 (United States)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Neutron reflecting supermirror structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources. 2 figs.

Wood, J.L.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Neutron reflecting supermirror structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources.

Wood, James L. (Drayton Plains, MI)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

An Energy-Based Comparison of Long-Hop and Short-Hop Routing in MIMO Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper considers the problem of selecting appropriate routes in a network of multiple-antenna nodes. Specifically, the problem of selecting either routes that consist of long hops or routes that consist of short hops is considered. This distance-dependent route selection problem is approached from the viewpoint of energy efficiency, where a route is selected with the objective of minimizing the transmission energy consumed while satisfying a target outage criterion at the final destination. Deterministic line networks and two-dimensional random networks are considered, and the energy consumption of long-hop and short-hop routing is compared in several limiting cases. It is also shown that in many scenarios of practical interest, short hops actually outperform long hops in terms of energy consumption. The obtained analytical and simulation results highlight the inherent energy efficiency of multiple-antenna signaling.

Lo, Caleb K; Heath, Robert W

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

On the Stability of Network Distance Estimation Yan Chen, Khian Hao Lim, and Randy H. Katz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: daily, weekly, monthly, etc. Our results show that Internet Iso-bar has good prediction accuracy-to-end Internet distance can bene#12;t many applications and services, such as eÃ?cient overlay construction, overlay routing and location, and peer-to- peer systems. While there have been many proposals on Internet

Chen, Yan

35

Internet Iso-bar: A Scalable Overlay Distance Monitoring Yan Chen, and Randy H. Katz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

]. Internet Iso-bar is easy to implement and use, and has good scalability and small communicationInternet Iso-bar: A Scalable Overlay Distance Monitoring System Yan Chen, and Randy H. Katz-to-peer overlay routing and location. However, there is a lack of such scalable system with small over- head, good

Chen, Yan

36

Developing and Evaluating Routing Protocols for Rural Areas That Communicates Via Data Mules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing and Evaluating Routing Protocols for Rural Areas That Communicates Via Data Mules connectivity to isolated village networks via multiple data mules. These multiple mules communicate in order traces for multiple data mules for rural-like areas the existing protocols ad hoc on-demand distance

Blake, Edwin

37

Accident causation study on roadways with limited sight distance crest vertical curves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reflect the driver and vehicle population currently on the transportation network. An accident causation study was conducted to determine if roadways with limited stopping sight distance present a safety hazard for the transportation network. Rural two...

Stoddard, Angela May

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

38

Long-Distance FBG Sensor System Using High-Speed Swept-Wavelength Light Source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A long-distance FBG sensor system using a power controlled high-speed swept-wavelength light source is proposed and demonstrated. This system can measure FBGs reflection wavelengths...

Saitoh, Takanori; Nakamura, Kenichi; Takahashi, Yoshifumi; Iida, Hiroyuki; Iki, Yoshimitsu; Miyagi, Koichiro

39

Neutron reflecting supermirror structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources. One layer of each set of bilayers consist of titanium, and the second layer of each set of bilayers consist of an alloy of nickel with carbon interstitially present in the nickel alloy.

Wood, James L. (Drayton Plains, MI)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Principles of neutron reflection  

SciTech Connect

Neutron reflection is perhaps the most developed branch of slow neutrons optics, which in itself is a direct consequence of the undulatory nature of the neutron. After reviewing the basic types of interactions (nuclear and magnetic) between neutrons and matter, the formalism is introduced to calculate the reflectivity from a sample composed of stacked flat layers and, inversely, to calculate the stacking from reflectivity measurements. Finally, a brief survey of the applications of neutron reflection is given, both in technology and in fundamental research. 32 refs., 6 figs.

Felcher, G.P.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Climbing the cosmological distance ladder  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......knowledge of cosmological distance - towards redshift 1000! Humankind's efforts to measure the distances of the planets, stars...the epoch when matter and radiation finally decoupled at the end of the hot Big Bang phase. Apparently we have reached a precision......

Michael Rowan-Robinson

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Associative skew clock routing for difficult instances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis studies the associative skew clock routing problem, which seeks a clock routing tree such that zero skew is preserved only within identified groups of sinks. Although the number of constraints is reduced, the problem becomes more...

Kim, Min-seok

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

43

Norwegian house mice (Mus musculus musculus/domesticus): distributions, routes of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Norwegian house mice (Mus musculus musculus/domesticus): distributions, routes of colonization commensal subspecies of house mouse in Norway: Mus musculus domesticus and M. m. musculus. Five nuclear, reflecting passive human transport to Norway, probably during the Viking period. M. m. musculus may have

Nachman, Michael

44

The multi-stop aircraft routing problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the multi-stop aircraft routing problem, determining the sequence of stops and the number of passengers to carry in each segment route. The objective of the aircraft routing problem is to maximize the profit derived from the transportation...

Garci?a Castan?eda, Salvador

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

CONTRACT ROUTING FORM LOUISIANA TECH UNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONTRACT ROUTING FORM LOUISIANA TECH UNIVERSITY This form is designed for use in routing contracts Services Contracts or contracts administered through the Office of University Research. Name of Person initiating the Routing Process Name of Department Other Party (on contract) Purpose of contract or work

Selmic, Sandra

46

Routing protocols in ad hoc networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ad hoc networking involves computers, typically wireless mobile nodes (MNs), that cooperatively form a network without specific user administration or configuration. In other words, ad hoc networking allows an arbitrary collection of MNs to create a ... Keywords: associativity-based routing (ABR), distributed bellman-ford (DBF), dynamic source routing (DSR), on-demand routing protocols

Dan Galatchi; Roxana Zoican

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Ad hoc routing protocols with multipoint relaying Ad hoc routing protocols with multipoint  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Route repairs are performed by new route request flooding. We show with simulation that the use of MPR the flooding overhead of control traffic. In this paper we show that multipoint relaying can be used as well and route replies are all flooded via Multipoint Relays (MPR). They both open routes to their originators

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

48

On Lifetime Extension and Route Stabilization of Energy-Efficient Broadcast Routing over MANET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of network lifetime. Keywords MANET, Adhoc Networks, Energy Efficient Routing, Multicasting Tree, BIP an approach that tries to develop energy-efficient broadcast routing trees. They presented a tree constructionOn Lifetime Extension and Route Stabilization of Energy- Efficient Broadcast Routing over MANET

Poovendran, Radha

49

New Flooding Control Schemes Applied In Route Initialisation For The Ad Hoc On Demand Routing Protocols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Flooding Control Schemes Applied In Route Initialisation For The Ad Hoc On Demand Routing College London * Email: uceephu@ucl.ac.uk Abstract: This paper introduces a new route request flooding. This scheme aims to control and reduce the route request flooding. Furthermore, the scheme combines

Haddadi, Hamed

50

Reflectivity of nonideal plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New results on optical reflectance measurements of shock-compressed dense xenon plasma at wavelengths ? = 532 nm and ? = 694 nm are reported. The investigations have been performed for nonideal plasma (? = 0.87–2.0) at densities ? = 0.27–3.84 g cm?3 and pressures P = 1.6–17 GPa. The obtained high optical reflectance values are characteristic of a metallic fluid and are evidence for a conducting state in the shocked xenon. Reflectance measurements at different wavelengths provide information about the density profile of the shock wave front.

Yu Zaporoghets; V Mintsev; V Gryaznov; V Fortov; H Reinholz; T Raitza; G Röpke

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Social learning of novel route preferences in adult humans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...behaviour|cultural transmission|route learning| 1...as learning by route following, and...message that cultural transmission need not require...Experiments 1-2 (equal routes) and (b,c...routes). Solid lines, demonstrated...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Deterministic Many-to-Many Hot Potato Routing Allan Borodin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deterministic Many-to-Many Hot Potato Routing Allan Borodin Yuval Rabani Baruch Schieber Abstract We consider algorithms for many-to-many hot potato routing. In hot potato (deflection) routing in each time step. We consider a form of routing known as hot potato routing or deflection routing [1, 5

Borodin, Allan

53

Migratory connectivity and population-specific migration routes in a long-distance migratory bird  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, , PO Box 11103, Groningen 9700 CC, The Netherlands 3 Behavioural Ecology...Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, , PO Box 11103, Groningen 9700 CC, The Netherlands...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

RAIL ROUTING PRACTICES AND PROPOSED ALTERNATIVES  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Strawman" Report: "Strawman" Report: RAIL ROUTING PRACTICES AND PROPOSED ALTERNATIVES Number Section Comment Response RTG-1-AAR SECTION II Safeguards Routing Regulations, Para. 2 The NRC has identified five types of route characteristics that receive special consideration when NRC staff review routes for approval pursuant to 10 CFR 73: (1) routes through highly populated areas; (2) routes that would place the shipment or escort vehicle in a significantly disadvantageous position (for example, tunnels which would prevent the escort vehicle from maintaining continuous surveillance of the shipment vehicle); [Note this assumes a highway chase vehicle for rail. We expect security for rail shipments to be on the train with the shipment, and not a chase vehicle. Chase vehicles has their own inherent

55

Introducing Fraunhofer Personal reflection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ they are not part of the University. The Centres form an integral part of that country's innovation system while for Sustainable Energy Systems. The Fraunhofer model is certainly applicable to the UK (the Fraunhofer modelIntroducing Fraunhofer Personal reflection I have taken a keen interest in Fraunhofer Geselleschaft

Mottram, Nigel

56

The Reflecting Microscope  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...INVESTIGATION OF CATADIOPTRIC SCHWARZSCHILD SYSTEMS, JOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL...PHYSIOLOGY 32 : 489 ( 1949 ). SCHWARZSCHILD, K, GESELLSCHAFT WISS MP...USE OF REFLECTING SYSTEMS of mirror-pairs in microscope objectives...0.65 with an aspheric mirror-pair of Schwarzsehild...

Robert C. Mellors

1950-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

57

Transmission line route selection by goal programming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A two-stage solution for transmission line route selection is presented. The generalized double-sweep method has been used to select the K least costly routes. The selected routes are subjected to social and environmental constraints (SEC). The SEC problem is formulated as a zero-one goal-programming model and solved by the implicit enumeration method. The two-stage solution algorithm has been applied to two problems. The results indicate the suitability of the method for route selection provided that acceptable SEC criteria can be found. The results also indicate the viability of the goal-programming technique for choosing power network interconnection concepts.

I.M. Elamin; S.O. Duffuaa; H.A. Yassein

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Consort: NodeConsort: Node--constrainedconstrained Opportunistic Routing in WirelessOpportunistic Routing in Wireless  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Mobile Computing, 2003. K. W. Choi, W. S. Jeon, and D. G. Jeong, "Efficient Load-Aware Routing Scheme. Sankar and Z. Liu, "Maximum Lifetime Routing in Wireless Ad- hoc Networks," IEEE INFOCOM'04. P. P. Pham

Xue, Guoliang

59

A ROUTE IMPROVEMENT ALGORITHM FOR THE VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM WITH TIME DEPENDENT TRAVEL TIMES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) formulate a time dependent vehicle routing problem with a general cost function and time window constraintsA ROUTE IMPROVEMENT ALGORITHM FOR THE VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM WITH TIME DEPENDENT TRAVEL TIMES MIGUEL A. FIGLIOZZI Civil & Environmental Engineering Department Portland State University P.O. Box 751

Bertini, Robert L.

60

Solar Reflectance Index Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reflectance Index Calculator Reflectance Index Calculator ASTM Designation: E 1980-01 Enter A State: Select a state Alabama Alaska Arkansas Arizona California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Iowa Idaho Illinois Indiana Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana North Carolina North Dakota Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Pacific Islands Puerto Rico Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington Wisconsin West Virginia Wyoming Canadian Cities Enter A City: Select a city Wind Speed (mph) Wind Speed (m/s) Please input both the SR and the TE and the convection coeficient and surface temperature will be calculated

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Reflection of nanoparticles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work is devoted to molecular dynamics modeling of collision of nanoparticle having a small number of degrees of freedom with a structureless plain. The new regularities are established that determine properties of such particles. Generalized collision law is obtained where particle properties are determined by two coefficient, on of which corresponds to restitution coefficient. The discovered regularity predicts the existence of anomalous mode of particle reflection from a massive plain. In this mode, velocity of nanoparticle after reflection from a plain can exceed the initial one. The criterion of realization of such mode is obtained. Anomalous collision mode was observed during numerical modeling. Physical mechanism are discussed of phenomena that are observed during numerical experiments.

M. A. Ratner; A. V. Tur; V. V. Yanovsky

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

62

Route classification using cellular handoff patterns  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Understanding utilization of city roads is important for urban planners. In this paper, we show how to use handoff patterns from cellular phone networks to identify which routes people take through a city. Specifically, this paper makes three contributions. ... Keywords: handoff patterns, route classification

Richard A. Becker; Ramon Caceres; Karrie Hanson; Ji Meng Loh; Simon Urbanek; Alexander Varshavsky; Chris Volinsky

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Extracting scenic routes from VGI data sources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a method to extract traversed scenic routes from Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) data sources. We used the footprints of images posted on Panoramio and Flickr, as well as websites where users uploaded tracks of traversed ... Keywords: Flickr, VGI, panoramio, scenic routes, trip planning

Majid Alivand; Hartwig Hochmair

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes: Potter St./JBEI Shuttle Bus Routes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Combined Routes & Schedules Blue Route Orange Route Rockridge Route Potter St./JBEI Route Combined Routes & Schedules Blue Route Orange Route Rockridge Route Potter St./JBEI Route Potter St./JBEI Map Scroll down or click here for schedule ↓ Printable Map | Printable Schedule Potter St/JBEI Route Potter St./JBEI Schedule Bus Service @ lbl.gov email link LBNL - POTTER ST/JBEI START - LBL STOP 65 CORY HALL SHATTUCK BART JCAP POTTER CFO JBEI SHATTUCK BART CORY HALL Depart on the 08's and 38's Depart on the 10's and 40's Depart on the 15's and 45's Depart on the 28's and 58's Depart on the 00's and 30's Depart on the 05's and 35's Depart on the 08's and 35's Depart on the 20's and 50's Depart on the 25's and 55's 1 8:08 AM 8:10 AM 8:15 AM 8:28 AM 8:30 AM 8:35 AM 8:38 AM 8:50 AM 8:55 AM 2 8:38 AM 8:40 AM 8:45 AM 8:58 AM 9:00 AM 9:05 AM 9:08 AM 9:20 AM 9:25 AM

65

All across Africa: highly individual migration routes of Eleonora's falcon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...shaped the migration routes of juvenile Eleonora's...and spring migration routes, the variety of important...falcons and historical route (dotted line) modified after Walter...Life cycles and signal transmission data of 13 transmitters...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Constructing ‘population’ criteria for the comparison of different options for a high voltage line route  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a method for comparing the sensitiveness of people to different possible options for the route of High Voltage transmission lines. It has been tested on practical cases. First, we create special dimensions and scales in order to evaluate the different zones of a studied area. Then, the different options for the route of HV lines (which are a succession of different zones) have to be compared. The construction of criteria permitting the comparison of different options raises a theoretical issue: how to punctualise the geographic distribution or the grades of the different zones of an option, in order to reflect preferences? Different methods of punctualisation are proposed which could apply to other cases. But the purpose of the paper is merely to show that these methods of punctualisation are not neutral, they cannot reflect all the characteristics of a distribution of grades.

Nathalie Grassin

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Proactive techniques for correct and predictable Internet routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Internet is composed of thousands of autonomous, competing networks that exchange reachability information using an interdomain routing protocol. Network operators must continually reconfigure the routing protocols to ...

Feamster, Nicholas G. (Nicholas Greer), 1979-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

TEC Working Group Topic Groups Routing Conference Call Summaries...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Routing Conference Call Summaries TEC Working Group Topic Groups Routing Conference Call Summaries CONFERENCE CALL SUMMARIES January 31, 2008 December 6, 2007 October 4, 2007...

69

DOE Office of Nuclear Energy Transportation Planning, Route Selection...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

DOE Office of Nuclear Energy Transportation Planning, Route Selection, and Rail Issues DOE Office of Nuclear Energy Transportation Planning, Route Selection, and Rail Issues...

70

Innovative Nano-structuring Routes for Novel ThermoelectricMaterials...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Nano-structuring Routes for Novel Thermoelectric Materials;Phonon Blocking & DOS Engineering Innovative Nano-structuring Routes for Novel Thermoelectric Materials;Phonon Blocking &...

71

DOE HQ Shuttle Bus Route and Schedule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Shuttle Bus Route and Schedule Shuttle Bus Route and Schedule The DOE Shuttle Buses follow the same schedules between the two main Headquarters locations, Forrestal and Germantown. The buses start their routes at each Headquarters facility at the same times, see the schedule below. The subsequent stops at the other facilities are relative to the departure time of each route. Headquarters employees are reminded of the statutory provisions that authorize and limit the use of the shuttle bus service. Specific authority for the use of appropriated funds to pay for transportation for official purposes is contained in section 1344(a)(1) of Title 31, U.S. Code. Use of this transportation for any other purpose is

72

Decision making process and factors routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research studies the decision-making process and the factors that affect truck routing. The data collection involved intercept interviews with truck drivers at three rest area and truck stops along major highways in ...

Sun, Yichen, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Multiple Vehicle Routing Problem with Fuel Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, a Multiple Vehicle Routing Problem with Fuel Constraints (MVRPFC) is considered. This problem consists of a field of targets to be visited, and a collection of vehicles with fuel tanks that may visit the targets. Consideration...

Levy, David

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

74

Hybrid Routing in Delay Tolerant Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work addresses the integration of today's infrastructure-based networks with infrastructure-less networks. The resulting Hybrid Routing System allows for communication over both network types and… (more)

Mayer, Christoph P.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Hybrid routing in delay tolerant networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work addresses the integration of today\\'s infrastructure-based networks with infrastructure-less networks. The resulting Hybrid Routing System allows for communication over both network types and… (more)

Mayer, Christoph P.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) to Spent Fuel Routing Analysis P. E. Johnson R.R. Rawl Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRAGIS is being used by OCRWM to identify...

77

Algorithms for Multiple Vehicle Routing Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surveillance and monitoring applications require a collection of heterogeneous vehicles to visit a set of targets. This dissertation considers three fundamental routing problems involving multiple vehicles that arise in these applications. The main...

Bae, Jung Yun

2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

78

Online optimization in routing and scheduling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we study online optimization problems in routing and scheduling. An online problem is one where the problem instance is revealed incrementally. Decisions can (and sometimes must) be made before all information ...

Wagner, Michael R. (Michael Robert), 1978-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Route selection and detailed line design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The requirements for route selection and detailed line design of a high-voltage overhead line are established by the preparatory work, studies ... the required starting and terminal point of a transmission connec...

Dr.-Ing. Friedrich Kiessling; Dipl.-Ing. Peter Nefzger…

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The mixed capacitated general routing problem with turn penalties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we deal with the mixed capacitated general routing problem with turn penalties. This problem generalizes many important arc and node routing problems, and it takes into account turn penalties and forbidden turns, which are crucial in many ... Keywords: Capacitated general routing problem, Transformation, Turn penalties, Vehicle routing

Olli Bräysy; Eulalia Martínez; Yuichi Nagata; David Soler

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

A survey on secure multipath routing protocols in WSNs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Routing protocols in wireless sensor networks (WSN) have been substantially investigated by researches. Most state-of-the-art surveys have focused on reviewing the different routing schemes that have been proposed for WSN and classifying them based on ... Keywords: Multipath routing, Secure multipath routing, Security, Wireless sensor networks

Eliana Stavrou; Andreas Pitsillides

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Variable area light reflecting assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Device is described for tracking daylight and projecting it into a building. The device tracks the sun and automatically adjusts both the orientation and area of the reflecting surface. The device may be mounted in either a wall or roof of a building. Additionally, multiple devices may be employed in a light shaft in a building, providing daylight to several different floors. The preferred embodiment employs a thin reflective film as the reflecting device. One edge of the reflective film is fixed, and the opposite end is attached to a spring-loaded take-up roller. As the sun moves across the sky, the take-up roller automatically adjusts the angle and surface area of the film. Additionally, louvers may be mounted at the light entrance to the device to reflect incoming daylight in an angle perpendicular to the device to provide maximum reflective capability when daylight enters the device at non-perpendicular angles. 9 figs.

Howard, T.C.

1986-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

83

AN ITERATIVE ROUTE CONSTRUCTION AND IMPROVEMENT ALGORITHM FOR THE VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM WITH SOFT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

time windows exceeds the number of available vehicles, (b) a study of cost-service tradeoffs of available vehicles, (b) a study of cost-service tradeoffs is required, and (c) the dispatcher has1 AN ITERATIVE ROUTE CONSTRUCTION AND IMPROVEMENT ALGORITHM FOR THE VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM

Bertini, Robert L.

84

The Balanced Billing Cycle Vehicle Routing Problem  

SciTech Connect

Utility companies typically send their meter readers out each day of the billing cycle in order to determine each customer s usage for the period. Customer churn requires the utility company to periodically remove some customer locations from its meter-reading routes. On the other hand, the addition of new customers and locations requires the utility company to add newstops to the existing routes. A utility that does not adjust its meter-reading routes over time can find itself with inefficient routes and, subsequently, higher meter-reading costs. Furthermore, the utility can end up with certain billing days that require substantially larger meter-reading resources than others. However, remedying this problem is not as simple as it may initially seem. Certain regulatory and customer service considerations can prevent the utility from shifting a customer s billing day by more than a few days in either direction. Thus, the problem of reducing the meterreading costs and balancing the workload can become quite difficult. We describe this Balanced Billing Cycle Vehicle Routing Problem in more detail and develop an algorithm for providing solutions to a slightly simplified version of the problem. Our algorithm uses a combination of heuristics and integer programming via a three-stage algorithm. We discuss the performance of our procedure on a real-world data set.

Groer, Christopher S [ORNL; Golden, Bruce [University of Maryland; Edward, Wasil [American University

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Scattering theory without large-distance asymptotics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In conventional scattering theory, to obtain an explicit result, one imposes a precondition that the distance between target and observer is infinite. With the help of this precondition, one can asymptotically replace the Hankel function and the Bessel function with the sine functions so that one can achieve an explicit result. Nevertheless, after such a treatment, the information of the distance between target and observer is inevitably lost. In this paper, we show that such a precondition is not necessary: without losing any information of distance, one can still obtain an explicit result of a scattering rigorously. In other words, we give an rigorous explicit scattering result which contains the information of distance between target and observer. We show that at a finite distance, a modification factor --- the Bessel polynomial --- appears in the scattering amplitude, and, consequently, the cross section depends on the distance, the outgoing wave-front surface is no longer a sphere, and, besides the phase...

Liu, Tong; Dai, Wu-Sheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Shear-wave crosswell reflection imaging in west Texas  

SciTech Connect

Crosswell reflection imaging was recently introduced as a method for high-resolution (of the order of a few feet) imaging of reservoirs. P-wave imaging was successfully tested on short and intermediate-offset crosswell profiles. Although shear-wave imaging was demonstrated with a short-offset (187 feet) data set, it was generally believed that high-frequency shear imaging at larger interwell distances might not be feasible, because the high-frequency shear waves will suffer large attenuation losses, resulting in poor signal-to-noise ratios for the shear-wave reflections. In this paper the authors present a real-data study, illustrating that shear-wave imaging was feasible at a west Texas carbonate reservoir for an interwell distance of 586 feet. Although the shear direct arrival and reflections are not always evident in the raw gathers processing and stacking enhances them enough to allow imaging of the interwell area for the whole depth range covered by the survey. The results clearly indicate that further work on shear-wave crosswell reflection imaging is warranted.

Lazaratos, S.K.; Marion, B.P. [TomoSeis Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Langan, R. [Chevron Petroleum Technology, La Habra, CA (United States); Harris, J.M. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

87

Optical distance measurement device and method thereof  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method of efficiently obtaining distance measurements of a target. A modulated optical beam may be used to determine the distance to the target. A first beam splitter may be used to split the optical beam and a second beam splitter may be used to recombine a reference beam with a return ranging beam. An optical mixing detector may be used in a receiver to efficiently detect distance measurement information.

Bowers, Mark W. (Patterson, CA)

2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

88

Reflectivity of cholesteric liquid crystals with spatially varying pitch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solids with spatially varying photonic structure offer gaps to light of a wider range of frequencies than do simple photonic systems. We solve numerically the field distribution in a solid cholesteric with a linearly varying inverse pitch (helical wavevector) using equations we derive for the general case. The simple idea that the position where the Bragg condition is locally satisfied is where reflection takes place is only true in part. Here, reflection is due to a region where the waves are forced to become evanescent, and the rate of variation of structure determines over which distance the waves decay and therefore how complete reflection is. The approximate local Bragg-de Vries schemes are shown to break down in detail at the edges of the gap, and an analytical estimate is given for the transmission coefficient.

S. Kutter; M. Warner

2003-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

89

NEPA COMPLIANCE SURVEY NEPA Review Routing Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NEPA Review Routing Form NEPA Review Routing Form A ::opy of Routing: ~ I~ I a() II Namo Roviowod Signature Date (~~ Thaf I CUt 1 -f CJ./ W./11 ~ A /rt ...... "" . A-~ r;;;;I £1 "3 7i7 .-J;_~~· ~~ / ' I" - 4 ' . # / . - . 1 ?9 '1' l p /=-- Z-4-11 ,_, y~ -- - - - - - - - - ~ L- ·~~ ,....... ,_ ,.,.. ....... , "'t _,.., , ....... '" / / /1 /7/1....., ,..I\. / / I F r-Q V C. .L> I \ I I ..... Forwarded Forwarded To Date i-t l.tlbrub ~ r:H:.. ~rrr

90

Controlled entanglement routing between two virtual pathways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate controlled entanglement routing between bunching and antibunching path-entangled two-photon states in an unbalanced Mach-Zehnder interferometer (UMZI), in which the routing process is controlled by the relative phase difference in the UMZI. Regarding bunching and antibunching path-entangled two-photon states as two virtual ports, we can consider the UMZI as a controlled entanglement router, which bases on the coherent manipulation of entanglement. Half of the entanglement within the input two-photon state is coherently routed between the two virtual ports, while the other is lost due to the time distinguishability introduced by the UMZI. Pure bunching or antibunching path entangled two-photon states are obtained based on this controlled entanglement router. The results show that we can employ the UMZI as general entanglement router for practical quantum information application.

Qiang Zhou; Shuai Dong; Wei Zhang; Lixing You; Yuhao He; Weijun Zhang; Yidong Huang; Jiangde Peng

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

91

Selecting the supply chain route: environmental aspects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Given the general concern over the state of nature, environmental issues are of more significance in supply chains than previously. The routing of transportation chains is typically based on economic factors at the expense of ecological factors. The environmental impact and risks attributable to transportation are often not understood, and therefore taking them into account is challenging. In this paper we discuss the environmental effects and risks related to freight transportation, and suggest a method for assessing environmental factors in route selection. We applied the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) in considering the greener option in road and railway transportation, a combination yielding alternative routings that cause minimum environmental damage and risk in the case under investigation.

Jyri Vilko; Hanna Alve; Risto Soukka; Jukka Hallikas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Image processing application maps optimal transmission routes  

SciTech Connect

The process of selecting an optimal route for a transmission line is complex as it involves technical, social, economic, environmental, and planning aspects. A new method was developed to help engineers select routes of specific transmission lines. The methodology is based on the use of satellite images of the geographic region in which the line will cross. The selection process searches for the most economical alternative and the one with the least environmental impact within the area of concern. This is achieved by using an image recognition software package and a program that uses minimal path techniques with support of weight restrictions. This article defines the methodology and uses a region of Mexico as an example to illustrate the optimal route-selection process.

Vega, M.; Sarmiento, H.G.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Route profile analysis system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for recording terrain profile information is disclosed. The system accurately senses incremental distances traveled by a vehicle along with vehicle inclination, recording both with elapsed time. The incremental distances can subsequently be differentiated with respect to time to obtain acceleration. The computer acceleration can then be used to correct the sensed inclination.

Mullenhoff, D.J.; Wilson, S.W.

1982-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

94

Autonomic behaviour of opportunistic network routing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In opportunistic networks, end-to-end communication among users does not require a continuous end-to-end path between source and destination. Network protocols are designed to be extremely resilient to events such as long partitions, ... Keywords: autonomic communication, context-aware routing, delay-tolerant networks, mobile networks, opportunistic networks, self-organising networks

Chiara Boldrini; Marco Conti; Andrea Passarella

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Large neighborhood search for LNG inventory routing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is steadily becoming a common mode for commercializing natural gas. Due to the capital intensive nature of LNG projects, the optimal design of LNG supply chains is extremely important from a profitability perspective. Motivated ... Keywords: LNG, Liquefied natural gas, Maritime inventory routing, Ship schedule optimization

Vikas Goel; Kevin C. Furman; Jin-Hwa Song; Amr S. El-Bakry

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Emissions Minimization Vehicle Routing Problem Miguel Figliozzi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The level of GHG emissions is a proxy for fuel consumption in diesel engines and in the near future, the minimization of emissions and fuel consumption as the primary or secondary objective. This creates a new type, study, and solve a new vehicle routing problem where the minimization of emissions and fuel consumption

97

Multi-objective routing in ATM networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we extend the schedulable region concept from a mission control for one link only to a network-wide routing and admission approach in ATM networks. We assume that four traffic types traverse the network, i.e., constant bit...

Mennenga, Menno

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Energy Efficient Routing with Mutual Information Accumulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the use of ideal rateless codes, so that a node can accumulate transmission rates from the transmission problem becomes more complex, as it involves the determination of 1) Routing path, 2) Transmission duration of each node, and 3) Transmission power of each node. We formulated the problem as an optimization

Boyer, Edmond

99

Route to: WOC Wetlands Oversight Committee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Route to: WOC PPS PS Wetlands Oversight Committee Phone: 425-352-3557 / Fax: 425-352-5431 Wetlands Restoration Area (WRA) ACCESS REQUEST FORM All tours are required to complete this form and have Phone No. E-mail Purpose of Tour ­ (Access to these wetlands is limited for research and educational

Queitsch, Christine

100

Route to: WOC Wetlands Oversight Committee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Route to: WOC PPS PS Wetlands Oversight Committee Phone: 425-352-5557 / Fax: 425-352-5431 Wetlands Restoration Area SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH PERMIT REQUEST FORM Name of Principal Investigator Position is it important that this study be done at the UWB-CCC wetland site? . What parts of the site will you need access

Queitsch, Christine

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Lambda network having 2.sup.m-1 nodes in each of m stages with each node coupled to four other nodes for bidirectional routing of data packets between nodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The Lambda network is a single stage, packet-switched interprocessor communication network for a distributed memory, parallel processor computer. Its design arises from the desired network characteristics of minimizing mean and maximum packet transfer time, local routing, expandability, deadlock avoidance, and fault tolerance. The network is based on fixed degree nodes and has mean and maximum packet transfer distances where n is the number of processors. The routing method is detailed, as are methods for expandability, deadlock avoidance, and fault tolerance.

Napolitano, Jr., Leonard M. (825 El Quanito Dr., Danville, CA 94526)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Ultrasonic flowmetering with reflected pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A transit time type ultrasonic flowmeter was tested with two different reflected pulse trajectories in flowing air at ambient conditions against an orifice meter. The flowmeter was designed to be highly accurate, to require ...

Hoyle, David C.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

TEC Working Group Topic Groups Routing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Routing Routing TEC Working Group Topic Groups Routing ROUTING The Routing Topic Group has been established to examine topics of interest and relevance concerning routing of shipments of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste (HLW) to a national repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada by highway, rail, and intermodal operations that could involve use of barges. Ultimately, the main goal for the topic group members will be to provide stakeholder perspectives and input to the Office of Logistics Management (OLM) in the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) for the identification of a national suite of routes to Yucca Mountain. The identification of a suite of routes will provide an advanced planning framework for State and Tribal

104

Strategic Dynamic Vehicle Routing with Spatio-Temporal Dependent Demands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a zero-sum game formulation of a dynamic vehicle routing problem: a system planner seeks to design dynamic routing policies for a team of vehicles to minimize the average waiting time of demands that are strategically ...

Feijer Rovira, Diego Francisc

105

Strategic dynamic vehicle routing with spatio-temporal dependent demands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic vehicle routing problems address the issue of determining optimal routes for a set of vehicles, to serve a given set of demands that arrive sequentially in time. Traditionally, demands are assumed to be generated ...

Feijer, Diego (Diego Francisco Feijer Rovira)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

NextSTEPS White Paper: Three Routes Forward for Biofuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NextSTEPS White Paper: Three Routes Forward for Biofuels: Incremental, Transitional, and Leapfrog NOT CITE #12;Three Routes Forward for Biofuels: Incremental, Transitional, and Leapfrog 2 Contents ......................................................................................................................................12 1.a. The Need for Low Carbon Biofuels

California at Davis, University of

107

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print Wednesday, 24 February 2010 00:00 If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will...

108

End-to-end routing behavior in the internet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The large-scale behavior of routing in the Internet has gone virtually without any formal study, the exception being Chinoy's analysis of the dynamics of Internet routing information [Ch93]. We report on an analysis of 40,000 end-to-end route measurements ...

Vern Paxson

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

End-to-end routing behavior in the Internet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The large-scale behavior of routing in the Internet has gone virtually without any formal study, the exception being Chinoy's analysis of the dynamics of Internet routing information [Ch93]. We report on an analysis of 40,000 end-to-end route measurements ...

Vern Paxson

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Method for route selection of transcontinental natural gas pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Method for route selection of transcontinental natural gas pipelines Fotios G. Thomaidis1@kepa.uoa.gr Abstract. The route of transcontinental natural gas pipelines is characterized by complexity, compared choices. Keywords: Optimum route method, natural gas, transcontinental pipelines, Caspian Region ­ E

Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

111

A Program Logic for Verifying Secure Routing Protocols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reasoning. Existing protocol analysis tools [7, 12, 14] are rarely used in analyzing rout- ing protocolsA Program Logic for Verifying Secure Routing Protocols Chen Chen1 , Limin Jia2 , Hao Xu1 , Cheng done to understand and verify the formal security guarantees of proposed secure inter-domain routing

Pennsylvania, University of

112

Reduction-based Security Analysis of Internet Routing Protocols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reduction-based Security Analysis of Internet Routing Protocols Chen Chen, Limin Jia, Boon Thau Loo. These properties require routes announced by honest nodes in the network not to be tampered with by the adversary proofs with automated analysis. We define several reduction steps to reduce proving route authenticity

Pennsylvania, University of

113

A Program Logic for Verifying Secure Routing Protocols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

protocol analysis tools [7, 11, 13] are rarely used in analyzing routing protocols becauseA Program Logic for Verifying Secure Routing Protocols (Technical Report) Chen Chen1 , Limin Jia2 done to understand and verify the formal security guarantees of proposed secure inter-domain routing

Sandholm, Tuomas W.

114

Towards Securing Interdomain Routing on the Internet Sharon Goldberg  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

up by the routing protocols. 1. We start with a game-theoretic analysis that shows that evenTowards Securing Interdomain Routing on the Internet Sharon Goldberg A Dissertation Presented economic goals. Despite these complex relationships, the interdomain routing system (that allows ASes

Singh, Jaswinder Pal

115

A Formal Framework for Secure Routing Protocols Wenchao Zhou3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

verifies its security claims. Existing model-checking-based protocol analysis tools cannot be directlyA Formal Framework for Secure Routing Protocols Chen Chen1 Limin Jia2 Hao Xu1 Cheng Luo1 Wenchao routing protocol, is vulner- able to various attacks. Redesigns of Internet routing infrastructure (e.g. S

Sandholm, Tuomas W.

116

Internet Routing Resilience to Failures: Analysis and Implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internet Routing Resilience to Failures: Analysis and Implications Jian Wu Ying Zhang Z. Morley Mao Kang G. Shin University of Michigan ABSTRACT Internet interdomain routing is policy-driven, and thus phys- ical connectivity does not imply reachability. On average, routing on today's Internet works

Mao, Zhuoqing Morley

117

Solar-aware Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar-aware Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Thiemo Voigt, Hartmut Ritter and Jochen Schiller energy sources such as solar power may provide unlimited energy resources to a changing subset these nodes is appealing. In this paper, we present solar-aware routing, a rout- ing protocol for wireless

118

Maximum Residual Energy Routing with Reverse Energy Cost  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

node consumes energy, but the receiving node does not. This assumption is not true if acknowledgementsMaximum Residual Energy Routing with Reverse Energy Cost Qiling Xie, Chin-Tau Lea, Mordecai J-The Maximum Residual Energy Path (MREP) routing has been shown an effective routing scheme for energy

Fleischer, Rudolf

119

RESEARCH ARTICLE Multi-cost routing for energy and capacity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESEARCH ARTICLE Multi-cost routing for energy and capacity constrained wireless mesh networks, Patras, Greece ABSTRACT We propose a class of novel energy-efficient multi-cost routing algorithms path. We evaluate the performance of the proposed energy-aware multi-cost routing algorithms under two

Varvarigo, Emmanouel "Manos"

120

Energy-Efficient Localized Routing in Random Multihop Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy-Efficient Localized Routing in Random Multihop Wireless Networks Yu Wang, Senior Member the energy efficiency of routes in multihop wireless networks. Among them, several geographical localized Localized Energy-Aware Restricted Neighborhood routing (LEARN), which can guarantee the energy efficiency

Wang, Yu

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Low reflectance radio frequency load  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A load for traveling microwave energy has an absorptive volume defined by cylindrical body enclosed by a first end cap and a second end cap. The first end cap has an aperture for the passage of an input waveguide with a rotating part that is coupled to a reflective mirror. The inner surfaces of the absorptive volume consist of a resistive material or are coated with a coating which absorbs a fraction of incident RF energy, and the remainder of the RF energy reflects. The angle of the reflector and end caps is selected such that reflected RF energy dissipates an increasing percentage of the remaining RF energy at each reflection, and the reflected RF energy which returns to the rotating mirror is directed to the back surface of the rotating reflector, and is not coupled to the input waveguide. Additionally, the reflector may have a surface which generates a more uniform power distribution function axially and laterally, to increase the power handling capability of the RF load. The input waveguide may be corrugated for HE11 mode input energy.

Ives, R. Lawrence; Mizuhara, Yosuke M

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Performance Enhancement of Ad Hoc Networks with Janitor Based Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose and analyze a new on the fly strategy that discovers, repairs and maintains routes in hierarchical and distributed fashion called Janitor Based Routing (JBR). The main motivation behind our JBR protocol is to decrease flooding and routing overhead and increase efficiencies in packet movement. An analytical model for the proposed JBR is presented and detailed simulation is used to observe the performance of JBR. This route discovery and maintenance protocol clearly achieved improvement in terms of reduction of flooding, routing overhead, and, hence, provides enhanced reliability.

Siddique, Isnain; Hashem, M M A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Scattering theory without large-distance asymptotics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In conventional scattering theory, to obtain an explicit result, one imposes a precondition that the distance between target and observer is infinite. With the help of this precondition, one can asymptotically replace the Hankel function and the Bessel function with the sine functions so that one can achieve an explicit result. Nevertheless, after such a treatment, the information of the distance between target and observer is inevitably lost. In this paper, we show that such a precondition is not necessary: without losing any information of distance, one can still obtain an explicit result of a scattering rigorously. In other words, we give an rigorous explicit scattering result which contains the information of distance between target and observer. We show that at a finite distance, a modification factor --- the Bessel polynomial --- appears in the scattering amplitude, and, consequently, the cross section depends on the distance, the outgoing wave-front surface is no longer a sphere, and, besides the phase shift, there is an additional phase (the argument of the Bessel polynomial) appears in the scattering wave function.

Tong Liu; Wen-Du Li; Wu-Sheng Dai

2014-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

124

Time-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing in Duty-Cycle Wireless Sensor Networks withDuty-Cycle Wireless Sensor Networks withDuty-Cycle Wireles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing in Duty-Cycle Wireless Sensor Networks with TEMPLE UNIVERSITY #12;Introduction: utility-based routingIntroduction: utility-based routing

Wu, Jie

125

Energy Conversion Materials Through Chemical Synthesis Route  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conversion Materials Through Chemical Synthesis Route Conversion Materials Through Chemical Synthesis Route Speaker(s): Lionel Vayssieres Date: April 27, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Samuel Mao The ability to design anisotropic nanoparticles with tailored aspect ratio and to order them into large 3-D arrays is an important challenge that scientists have to face to create functionalized nanomaterials. Our approach to control the size and shape of nanoparticles as well as the overall texture of nanoparticulate thin films is to tune their direct aqueous hydrolysis-condensation growth onto substrates by monitoring the interfacial thermodynamics of nanocrystals as well as their kinetics of heteronucleation. Growing materials at very low interfacial tension, i.e. at thermodynamically stable conditions, allows the experimental control of

126

Did 1998 Reflect Structural Change?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Did 1998 Reflect Structural Change? Did 1998 Reflect Structural Change? 5/17/99 Click here to start Table of Contents PPT Slide Did 1998 Reflect Structural Change? Demand U.S. Propane Demand Sectors (1996) PPT Slide 1998 Propane Prices Fell with Crude Oil PPT Slide Warm Weather Behind Demand Decline 1998 Warm Weather Kept Demand Down Supply Propane Production Fell in 1998 1998 Propane Net Imports Increased Algeria Was Major Source of ‘98 Import Increase U.S. Chemical Use & Large Storage Attracts Excess Propane Petroleum & Propane Market Over Supply Average Stock Levels: Crude Market & Propane Futures Market Incentives to Build Petroleum Stocks New “Structure” or Cycle? Near-Term Future Large January Draw Did Not Remove Excess How Might Excess Stocks Decline? Near Term U.S. Propane Production

127

Geologic selection methodology for transportation corridor routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Corridor Evaluation Area. 3 Location of Counties Studied in Corridor Project 4 Climatic Zones of Texas . 5 State of Texas Average Annual Precipitation Values, in Inches, . . . 6 State of Texas Average Annual Runoff Values, in Inches... Borehole 6: Waco City. . 36 Borehole 7: Bexar County . 37 Borehole 8: Bexar County 38 Route Alternatives in Corridor Area. 39 Cost Matrix for Project Area . . 40 Risk Matrix for Project Area . . 41 Geo-Economic Construction Costs. . . 85 . . 88 100...

Shultz, Karin Wilson

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

128

Reflection Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Reflection Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Reflection Survey Details Activities (35) Areas (22) Regions (2) NEPA(3) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Seismic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Active Seismic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Rock unit density influences elastic wave velocities. Stratigraphic/Structural: Structural geology- faults, folds, grabens, horst blocks, sedimentary layering, discontinuities, etc. Hydrological: Combining compressional and shear wave results can indicate the presence of fluid saturation in the formation. Thermal: High temperatures and pressure impact the compressional and shear wave velocities.

129

Assessment of crustal velocity models using seismic refraction and reflection tomography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......on the method of Hole Zelt (1995). A flat starting model is used and, as with the...over 80 km distance centred beneath the Rocky Mountain Trench in the Foreland Belt...American Cordillera reflection refraction Rocky Mountain Trench seismic methods South America......

Colin A. Zelt; Kalachand Sain; Julia V. Naumenko; Dale S. Sawyer

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

December2010 AboutReflections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 December2010 AboutReflections On October 22nd , in the Canada Room, almost 50 of us gathered Survey. Asking the assembled company in the Canada Room`what bugs students?' quickly brought. We lead with an article by Professor Phil Race, Emeritus Professor at Leeds Metropolitan University

Müller, Jens-Dominik

131

Distance transforms on anisotropic surfaces for surface roughness measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Distance Transform on Curved Space (DTOCS) calculates distances along a gray-level height map surface In this article, the DTOCS is generalized for surfaces represented as real altitude data in an anisotropic grid The distance transform combined ...

Leena Ikonen; Toni Kuparinen; Eduardo Villanueva; Pekka Toivanen

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Geodesic distances in Liouville quantum gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to study the quantum geometry of random surfaces in Liouville gravity, we propose a definition of geodesic distance associated to a Gaussian free field on a regular lattice. This geodesic distance is used to numerically determine the Hausdorff dimension associated to shortest cycles of 2d quantum gravity on the torus coupled to conformal matter fields, showing agreement with a conjectured formula by Y. Watabiki. Finally, the numerical tools are put to test by quantitatively comparing the distribution of lengths of shortest cycles to the corresponding distribution in large random triangulations.

Jan Ambjorn; Timothy Budd

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

133

The Luminosity Distance in Perturbed FLRW Spacetimes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive an expression for the luminosity distance in FLRW spacetimes affected by scalar perturbations. Our expression is complete to linear order and is expressed entirely in terms of standard cosmological parameters and observational quantities. We illustrate the result by calculating the RMS scatter in the usual luminosity distance in flat (Omega_m,Omega_Lambda) = (1.0,0.0) and (0.3,0.7) cosmologies. In both cases the scatter is appreciable at high redshifts, and rises above 11% at z = 2, where it may be the dominant noise term in the Hubble diagram based on SN Ia.

Ted Pyne; Mark Birkinshaw

2003-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

134

Distances toDistances to HVCsHVCs usingusing blue horizontal branch starsblue horizontal branch stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

)(Wisconsin) ElseElse StarkenburgStarkenburg ((KapteynKapteyn Lab)Lab) Lucy Frey (Case)Lucy Frey (Case) andand)Mario Mateo (Michigan) Heather Morrison (Case)Heather Morrison (Case) John Norris (MSSSO)John Norris (MSSSODan OravetzOravetz, Lucy Frey (Case), Lucy Frey (Case) #12;Distances are important:Distances are important

Peletier, Reynier

135

Cumulus Clouds and Reflected Sunlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cumulus Clouds and Reflected Sunlight Cumulus Clouds and Reflected Sunlight from Landsat ETM+ G. Wen and L. Oreopoulos National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center University of Maryland Baltimore County Joint Center of Earth System Technology Greenbelt, Maryland R. F. Cahalan and S. C. Tsay National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland Introduction Cumulus clouds attenuate solar radiation casting shows on the ground. Cumulus clouds can also enhance solar radiation in the clear region nearby. The enhancement of down-welling solar radiation has been observed at the ground level in the clear region near cumulus clouds (Mims and Frederick 1994). The additional diffuse radiation source from cumulus clouds makes the clear gaps appear to be

136

TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP AND ALTRUISM: ROLE OF POWER DISTANCE IN A HIGH POWER DISTANCE CULTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a sample of 105 manager-subordinate dyads from a high power distance culture, the effects of power distance and transformational leadership on follower altruism were studied. Findings show a significant positive relationship between power distance and transformational leadership and between transformational leadership and follower altruism. The dimensions on which cultures differ have been identified earlier (Hofstede, 1980). The objective of this study is to look at the effect of a dimension on other variables, in a culture that is high on that dimension. Our contention is that in cultures that score high on the power distance dimension of Hofstede (1980) model, if managers maintain a high power distance between themselves and their followers, their transformational leadership would be enhanced, and transformational leadership in turn will enhance altruistic behavior of followers. Merely knowing the dimensions on which cultures differ is not enough. That knowledge has to be used to predict how an alignment with that dimension would affect other variables.

Ankush Punj; Venkat R. Krishnan

137

Andreev reflection in bilayer graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the differential conductance of a normal-superconductor junction in clean bilayer graphene in the framework of the Dirac–Bogoliubov–de Gennes equation. A remarkable suppression of the differential conductance at voltages just below the superconducting gap is found. This can be understood in terms of the spinor structures of the electron and hole excitations, in particular, the reflected valence-band hole being orthogonal to the incoming electron at normal incidence.

T. Ludwig

2007-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

138

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) User's Manual  

SciTech Connect

The Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) model is used to calculate highway, rail, or waterway routes within the United States. TRAGIS is a client-server application with the user interface and map data files residing on the user's personal computer and the routing engine and network data files on a network server. The user's manual provides documentation on installation and the use of the many features of the model.

Johnson, PE

2003-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

139

A Thermal Cascade Route to Pyrroloisoindolone and Pyrroloimidazolones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Thermal Cascade Route to Pyrroloisoindolone and Pyrroloimidazolones ... However, we have shown that pyrrolizin-3-ones 1 and related ring systems can be conveniently made in the gas phase by flash vacuum pyrolysis (FVP) of Meldrum's acid derivatives6,7 (“the Meldrum's route”) and by FVP of pyrrol-2-ylacrylate derivatives (“the C-acrylate route”). ... This always overrides the “natural” direction of migration in the unsubstituted ring system. ...

Hamish McNab; Richard G. Tyas

2007-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

140

Sensor Network Localization, Euclidean Distance Matrix ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

paper is to view SNL as a (nearest) Euclidean Distance Matrix, EDM, completion problem that ... simply corresponds to a given fixed clique for the graph of the EDM problem. We next ...... The tests were done using MATLAB 7.4. The method for ...

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Nucleon - Nucleon Interactions at Short Distances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite the progress made in understanding the NN interactions at long distances based on effective field theories, the understanding of the dynamics of short range NN interactions remains as elusive as ever. One of the most fascinating properties of short range interaction is its repulsive nature which is responsible for the stability of strongly interacting matter. The relevant distances, $\\le 0.5$ fm, in this case are such that one expects the onset of quark-gluon degrees of freedom with interaction being dominated by QCD dynamics. We review the current status of the understanding of the QCD dynamics of NN interactions at short distances, highlight outstanding questions and outline the theoretical foundation of QCD description of hard NN processes. We present examples of how the study of the hard elastic NN interaction can reveal the symmetry structure of valence quark component of the nucleon wave function and how the onset of pQCD regime is correlated with the onset of color transparency phenomena in hard $pp$ scattering in the nuclear medium. The discussions show how the new experimental facilities can help to advance the knowledge about the QCD nature of nuclear forces at short distances.

Misak M Sargsian

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

142

Fuzzy prototype model and semantic distance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is a challenge to provide an intelligent product suggestion for these new customers without previous shopping records in the supermarket application. To solve such a problem, we design a hybrid fuzzy expert system for recommendation using the improved ... Keywords: Fuzzy c means, Fuzzy decision tree, Fuzzy prototype, Recommendation system, Semantic coordinate, Semantic distance

Dong (Walter) Xie; Jim F. Baldwin

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Earth Mover's Distance Based Local Discriminant Basis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Earth Mover's Distance Based Local Discriminant Basis Bradley Marchand and Naoki Saito Abstract in time and frequency. Its goal, given Bradley Marchand Naval Surface Warfare Center, Panama City Division, e-mail: bradley.marchand@navy.mil Naoki Saito Department of Mathematics, University of California

Saito, Naoki

144

EUCLIDEAN DISTANCE MATRIX COMPLETION PROBLEMS June ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 6, 2010 ... This is sometimes called the energy function (e.g., [6, 7]). Note that ... the specified entries are from the measurement of interatomic distances, mostly the ..... If hij = 1 for i, j = 1,...,n (i.e., unit weights), then (5.3) simplifies to n. ?.

2010-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

145

Distance Education Graduate Program in Environmental Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management, related to water quality, climate change, ecosystem restoration, and public health. Research Remediation 3) Carbon Dynamics and Ecosystem Services 4) Wetlands and Aquatic Ecosystems 5) Landscape Analysis, range lands, urban lands, wetlands or aquatic systems. This distance education track is designed

Ma, Lena

146

RoutingTG_ telecon 6 21 07_rev2.rtf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

shut down the railroads. Scott suggested that risk categories be assigned for different types of track, cities, or events that routes go through. Certain events, situations, etc....

147

TRUCK ROUTING PROBLEM IN DISTRIBUTION OF GASOLINE TO GAS STATIONS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis aims at finding a daily routing plan for a fleet of vehicles delivering gasoline to gas stations for an oil company, satisfying all… (more)

Janakiraman, Swagath

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Safe Routes to School Safety and Mobility Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the routes to school. ” (Yolo County) “Student pedestrianthe middle of the roadway. ” (Yolo County) Agencies alsoHumboldt County Tehama County Yolo County Solano County

Orenstein, Marla R.; Gutierrez, Nicolas; Rice, Thomas M.; Cooper, Jill F.; Ragland, David R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Robustness of airline alliance route networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The aim of this study is to analyze the robustness of the three major airline alliances’ (i.e., Star Alliance, oneworld and SkyTeam) route networks. Firstly, the normalization of a multi-scale measure of vulnerability is proposed in order to perform the analysis in networks with different sizes, i.e., number of nodes. An alternative node selection criterion is also proposed in order to study robustness and vulnerability of such complex networks, based on network efficiency. And lastly, a new procedure – the inverted adaptive strategy – is presented to sort the nodes in order to anticipate network breakdown. Finally, the robustness of the three alliance networks are analyzed with (1) a normalized multi-scale measure of vulnerability, (2) an adaptive strategy based on four different criteria and (3) an inverted adaptive strategy based on the efficiency criterion. The results show that Star Alliance has the most resilient route network, followed by SkyTeam and then oneworld. It was also shown that the inverted adaptive strategy based on the efficiency criterion – inverted efficiency – shows a great success in quickly breaking networks similar to that found with betweenness criterion but with even better results.

Oriol Lordan; Jose M. Sallan; Pep Simo; David Gonzalez-Prieto

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Dynamic routing trees with energy harvesting constraints for wireless body area networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Routing under energy harvesting constraints is considered. A routing protocol based on Dijkstra's global routing algorithm is proposed and evaluated. The protocol dynamically modifies routing trees based on available energy accumulated through energy ... Keywords: body area networks, energy harvesting, routing protocols

Nikhil Argade; Gill R. Tsouri

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Long working distance incoherent interference microscope  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A full-field imaging, long working distance, incoherent interference microscope suitable for three-dimensional imaging and metrology of MEMS devices and test structures on a standard microelectronics probe station. A long working distance greater than 10 mm allows standard probes or probe cards to be used. This enables nanometer-scale 3-dimensional height profiles of MEMS test structures to be acquired across an entire wafer while being actively probed, and, optionally, through a transparent window. An optically identical pair of sample and reference arm objectives is not required, which reduces the overall system cost, and also the cost and time required to change sample magnifications. Using a LED source, high magnification (e.g., 50.times.) can be obtained having excellent image quality, straight fringes, and high fringe contrast.

Sinclair, Michael B. (Albuquerque, NM); De Boer, Maarten P. (Albuquerque, NM)

2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

152

Cosmic equation of state from combined angular diameter distances: Does the tension with luminosity distances exist?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a relatively complete observational data concerning four angular diameter distance (ADD) measurements and %synthetic combined SN+GRB observations representing current luminosity distance (LD) data, this paper investigates the %tension between compatibility of these two cosmological distances considering three classes of dark energy equation of state (EoS) reconstruction. In particular, we use strongly gravitationally lensed systems from various large systematic gravitational lens surveys and galaxy clusters, which yield the Hubble constant independent ratio between two angular diameter distances $D_{ls}/D_s$ data. Our results demonstrate that, with more general categories of standard ruler data, ADD and LD data are compatible at $1\\sigma$ level. Secondly, we note that consistency between ADD and LD data %are blind is maintained irrespective of the EoS parameterizations: there is a good match between the universally explored CPL model and other formulations of cosmic equation of state. Especially for the...

Cao, Shuo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

OFA2013_Storage@Distance.pptx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NERSC Storage Systems Group NERSC Storage Systems Group Storage at a Distance --- 1 --- Open F abrics A lliance U ser D ay What is storage at a distance? * Data i s n ot l ocal t o t he u ser/resource * Processing a nd w orkflow n eeds a re n ear r eal---7me - Don't w ant t o w ait u n9l d ata t ransfer i s c omplete - Need t o s ee r esults, m ake a djustments, a nd t ry a gain * Network w ill b ecome p art o f t he i nstruments - Telescopes a nd t heir d ata - Sequencers a nd t heir g enome d ata - Light s ources a nd t heir d ata * Is t here a n a rchitecture/protocol t hat i s n ecessary today for successfully providing storage at a distance? - Ethernet v s. I B - ROCE v s. R DMA v s. I P --- 2 --- Open F abrics A lliance U ser D ay Use case 1: Instruments (beam lines) * ShiB w ork ( 24hr c overage) - Scien9sts fl y i n a nd u se t he i nstrument

154

Flow Distances on Open Flow Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Open flow network is a weighted directed graph with a source and a sink, depicting flux distributions on networks in the steady state of an open flow system. Energetic food webs, economic input-output networks, and international trade networks, are open flow network models of energy flows between species, money or value flows between industrial sectors, and goods flows between countries, respectively. Flow distances (first-passage or total) between any given two nodes $i$ and $j$ are defined as the average number of transition steps of a random walker along the network from $i$ to $j$ under some conditions. They apparently deviate from the conventional random walk distance on a closed directed graph because they consider the openness of the flow network. Flow distances are explicitly expressed by underlying Markov matrix of a flow system in this paper. With this novel theoretical conception, we can visualize open flow networks, calculating centrality of each node, and clustering nodes into groups. We apply fl...

Guo, Liangzhu; Shi, Peiteng; Wang, Jun; Huang, Xiaohan; Zhang, Jiang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Cognitively Ergonomic Route A Potential Basis for the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Cognitively Ergonomic Route Directions A Potential Basis for the OpenLS Navigation Service? Stefan Hansen, Alexander Klippel, Kai-Florian Richter Overview Background Aspect of cognitively ergonomic Ontologies and cognitive modelling (cognitive engineering) Aspects of Cognitively Ergonomic Route Directions

Klippel, Alexander

156

ROUTE 322 (Governor Rd) B ULLFROG VALLEY RD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ROUTE 322 (Governor Rd) B ULLFROG VALLEY RD HOPE DR HOPE DR SANDHILLRD CHERRY DR UNIVERSITY DR LIFE McDonald House 13 TO ROUTE 422 SIPE AVE 23 25 24 B ULLFROG VALLEY RD LUCY AVE To HOPE LODGE 26 Main Center for Applied Research 18 Life Lion Hangar 19 Student Housing 20 West Campus Health & Wellness

Maranas, Costas

157

Anonymity Analysis of Onion Routing in the Universally Composable Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anonymity Analysis of Onion Routing in the Universally Composable Framework Joan Feigenbaum Yale. Specifically we present a probabilistic analysis of onion routing in a black-box model of anonymous Syverson Naval Research Laboratory syverson@itd.navy.mil ABSTRACT We present the formalization and analysis

Johnson, Aaron

158

SAMER: Spectrum Aware Mesh Routing in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SAMER: Spectrum Aware Mesh Routing in Cognitive Radio Networks SHORT PAPER Ioannis Pefkianakis1 in licensed bands, to meet the increasing demand for radio spectrum. The new open spectrum operation--Cognitive Radio, Spectrum Aware Routing I. INTRODUCTION Cognitive radio networks (CORNET) are an emerging multihop

Lu, Songwu

159

SPATIAL MULTIPATH LOCATION AIDED ROUTING Submitted to the Faculty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

new algorithm called "Hyper- GRID" is a hybrid algorithm that uses multipath routing (alternate path2005-533 #12;2 Abstract Mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs) are infrastructure-free networks of mobile propose a new hierarchical, zone-based 3D routing algorithm, based on GRID by Liao, Tseng and Sheu. Our

160

Mining users' significant driving routes with low-power sensors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

While there is significant work on sensing and recognition of significant places for users, little attention has been given to users' significant routes. Recognizing these routine journeys, can open doors for the development of novel applications, ... Keywords: dynamic time warping, mobile sensing, route sensing, significant journeys

Sarfraz Nawaz, Cecilia Mascolo

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

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161

Compact Routing on Internet-Like Graphs Dmitri Krioukov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compact Routing on Internet-Like Graphs Dmitri Krioukov Email: dima@krioukov.net Kevin Fall Intel and simulation, we derive the stretch distribution of this routing scheme on Internet-like interdomain topologies that the average TZ stretch is quite low and virtually independent of . In particular, for the Internet interdomain

Yang, Xiaowei

162

Energy Aware Implementation of an Ad Hoc Routing Protocol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

estimates of the potential for energy savings. We show potential savings of fifty six percent in energy functions of an energy aware ad hoc routing protocol are · Energy based link cost with transmit powerEnergy Aware Implementation of an Ad Hoc Routing Protocol by Shweta Bhandare Scriptor B

Brown, Timothy X.

163

1 INTRODUCTION Ship weather routing develops an optimum track  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for minimization of the vessel's fuel consumption. Numerous variation of this type of method have been presented vessel routing. In addition to time objective, the author tried to minimize fuel consumption of the optimal route of a motor vessel by minimizing its fuel consumption. The proposed method is based on a new

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

164

Utility-based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utility-based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Xiaoguang Li and Jie Wu Department of Computer the existing utility-based routing protocols for WSNs. We put them into sev- eral categories according to their utility properties, such as delay, cost, and packet delivery ratio. In addition, we will also cover

Wu, Jie

165

N-Vehicle Routing Team NineNines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the most economical and "green" route for a distribution center to deliver goods to m addresses with n Trucks #12;Research Paper 1 Title: "Survey of Green Vehicle Routing Problem: Past and future trends of Green Logistics Environmental, ecological effects taken into consideration Concept of Green Vehicle

Kaminsky, Alan

166

Greedy Routing in Peer-to-Peer Systems James Aspnes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the problem of designing an overlay network and routing mechanism that per- mits finding-tolerant Routing in Peer-to-Peer Systems appearing in the pro- ceedings of the Twenty-First ACM Symposium in the face of considerable damage. Another compelling advantage of random graphs is that they eliminate

Aspnes, James

167

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS University of Tokyo Noda, Chiba 278-8510, Japan Abstract. Green functions called symbols. Generali* *zing this, we define Green functions associated to complex reflection

Shoj, Toshiaki

168

Spatial Convergence of Bidirectional Reflectance Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analyses of bidirectional reflectance data are presented with implications regarding the spatial scales appropriate for inferring irradiances from radiances reflected by various surface–atmosphere scenes. Multiple-angle radiance data collected in ...

John M. Davis; Stephen K. Cox

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Introduction Abstract reflection groups and abstract buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Abstract reflection groups and abstract buildings Their geometric realizations Compactly supported cohomology L2 -cohomology Cohomology of Coxeter groups and buildings Mike Davis (work groups and buildings #12;Introduction Abstract reflection groups and abstract buildings Their geometric

Vogtmann, Karen

170

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print Wednesday, 26 October 2011 00:00 The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has...

171

Adaptive Probabilistic Flooding for Multipath Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we develop a distributed source routing algorithm for topology discovery suitable for ISP transport networks, that is however inspired by opportunistic algorithms used in ad hoc wireless networks. We propose a plug-and-play control plane, able to find multiple paths toward the same destination, and introduce a novel algorithm, called adaptive probabilistic flooding, to achieve this goal. By keeping a small amount of state in routers taking part in the discovery process, our technique significantly limits the amount of control messages exchanged with flooding -- and, at the same time, it only minimally affects the quality of the discovered multiple path with respect to the optimal solution. Simple analytical bounds, confirmed by results gathered with extensive simulation on four realistic topologies, show our approach to be of high practical interest.

Betoule, Christophe; Clavier, Remi; Rossi, Dario; Rossini, Giuseppe; Thouenon, Gilles

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

DOE HQ Shuttle Bus Schedule and Route | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE HQ Shuttle Bus Schedule and Route DOE HQ Shuttle Bus Schedule and Route DOE HQ Shuttle Bus Schedule and Route The DOE Shuttle Buses follow the same schedules between the two main Headquarters locations, Forrestal and Germantown. The buses start their routes at each Headquarters facility at the same times, see the schedule below. The subsequent stops at the other facilities are relative to the departure time of each route. Headquarters employees are reminded of the statutory provisions that authorize and limit the use of the shuttle bus service. Specific authority for the use of appropriated funds to pay for transportation for official purposes is contained in section 1344(a)(1) of Title 31, U.S. Code. Use of this transportation for any other purpose is inappropriate and against the law.

173

Routing Protocols for Cognitive Radio Networks: A Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the cognitive radio (CR) technology, a wireless system can exploit opportunistically the radio spectrum licensed to other systems. Thus, CR is regarded as a solution to the problems resulting from the limited available spectrum and the inefficiency in the spectrum usage. The multi-hop CR networks need some novel routing algorithms taking the open spectrum phenomenon into account. The main approach in designing the routing algorithm for the CR networks is the joint design of routing and spectrum management. Works on such issues have just started and are still in a rudimentary stage. In this paper, we survey comprehensively the existing research on the routing protocols for CR networks, especially with reference to CR ad hoc networks. We classify the routing protocols, discuss the essential features of the different protocols, and provide the future research directions.

Kamruzzaman, S M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Immunity to Viral Leukemia in Rats and the Routes of Transmission from Mother to Offspring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Leukemia in Rats and the Routes of Transmission from Mother to Offspring1...vitro, and (c) the routes by which anti-GLV...tissue culture cell line G, which replicates...pre- and postnatal routes of transmission, quantitative experiments...

Harry L. Ioachim; Steven E. Keller; Martin L. Gimovsky; and Sue Shepherd

1973-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Reflective ghost imaging through turbulence  

SciTech Connect

Recent work has indicated that ghost imaging may have applications in standoff sensing. However, most theoretical work has addressed transmission-based ghost imaging. To be a viable remote-sensing system, the ghost imager needs to image rough-surfaced targets in reflection through long, turbulent optical paths. We develop, within a Gaussian-state framework, expressions for the spatial resolution, image contrast, and signal-to-noise ratio of such a system. We consider rough-surfaced targets that create fully developed speckle in their returns and Kolmogorov-spectrum turbulence that is uniformly distributed along all propagation paths. We address both classical and nonclassical optical sources, as well as a computational ghost imager.

Hardy, Nicholas D.; Shapiro, Jeffrey H. [Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

176

Spectral Reflectance of Silicon Photodiodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Silicon photodiodes are among the most popular photodetectors that combine high performance over a wide wavelength range with unparalleled ease of use. High-quality photodiodes, in the form of a trap detector, 1,2 have many significant applications in precision radiometry. Their predictable responsivity in visible and near-infrared ~NIR! wavelengths allows the realization of high-accuracy spectral responsivity scales. 3,4 The spectral responsivity scales can be utilized in, for example, realization of luminous intensity 5,6 and spectral irradiance scales. 7,8 The spectral responsivity of a silicon photodiode is determined by the reflectance of the diode surface r~l! and the internal quantum deficiency d~l!. The values of d~l! and r~l! can be extrapolated 4 by mathematical models. To extrapolate the val

Atte Haapalinna; Petri Kärhä; Erkki Ikonen

177

Reflection Survey (Nannini, 1986) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reflection Survey (Nannini, 1986) Reflection Survey (Nannini, 1986) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey (Nannini, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Unspecified Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date Usefulness could be useful with more improvements DOE-funding Unknown Notes "seismic analyses" - no indication of active/passive, reflection/refraction, etc. ---> "On the contrary, in areas with little or no volcanic activity, assumptions on the nature, size and characteristics of the source of the thermal anomaly are generally much more difficult and hypothetical. In these circumstances, some useful data can be obtained from accurate seismic analyses, together with a seismotectonic and geodynamic

178

Definition: Reflection Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reflection Survey Reflection Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Reflection Survey Seismic reflection surveys image the structure of the subsurface through the measurement of the two way travel time of reflected artificially-generated elastic waves.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Also Known As Seismic Reflection References ↑ http://www.amazon.com/Introduction-Geophysical-Prospecting-Milton-Dobrin/dp/0071004041 Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Reflection_Survey&oldid=598371" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - aided routing protocol Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for: aided routing protocol Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad-hoc Networks: Current Development and Evaluation Summary: network. LAR: Location Aided...

180

E-Print Network 3.0 - american freshwater routing Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

American freshwater routing during the Younger Dryas cold event... for Tarasov and Peltier (2005), who concluded that freshwater routing oc- curred from the south to the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Structural Interpretation of Paramagnetic Relaxation Enhancement-Derived Distances for Disordered Protein States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Paramagnetic relaxation enhancement (PRE) is a powerful technique for studying transient tertiary organizations of unfolded and partially folded proteins. The heterogeneous and dynamic nature of disordered protein states, together with the r?6 dependence of PRE, presents significant challenges for reliable structural interpretation of PRE-derived distances. Without additional knowledge of accessible conformational substates, ensemble-simulation-based protocols have been used to calculate structure ensembles that appear to be consistent with the PRE distance restraints imposed on the ensemble level with the proper r?6 weighting. However, rigorous assessment of the reliability of such protocols has been difficult without intimate knowledge of the true nature of disordered protein states. Here we utilize sets of theoretical PRE distances derived from simulated structure ensembles that represent the folded, partially folded and unfolded states of a small protein to investigate the efficacy of ensemble-simulation-based structural interpretation of PRE distances. The results confirm a critical limitation that, due to r?6 weighting, only one or a few members need to satisfy the distance restraints and the rest of the ensemble are essentially unrestrained. Consequently, calculated structure ensembles will appear artificially heterogeneous no matter whether the PRE distances are derived from the folded, partially unfolded or unfolded state. Furthermore, the nature of the heterogeneous ensembles is largely determined by the protein model employed in structure calculation and reflects little on the true nature of the underlying disordered state. These findings suggest that PRE measurements on disordered protein states alone generally do not contain enough information for a reliable structural interpretation and that the latter will require additional knowledge of accessible conformational substates. Interestingly, when a very large number of PRE measurements is available, faithful structural interpretation might be possible with intermediate ensemble sizes under ideal conditions.

Debabani Ganguly; Jianhan Chen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Rank Distance Bicodes and their Generalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This book has four chapters. In chapter one we just recall the notion of RD codes, MRD codes, circulant rank codes and constant rank codes and describe their properties. In chapter two we introduce few new classes of codes and study some of their properties. In this chapter we introduce the notion of fuzzy RD codes and fuzzy RD bicodes. Rank distance m-codes are introduced in chapter three and the property of m-covering radius is analysed. Chapter four indicates some applications of these new classes of codes.

W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; N. Suresh Babu; R. S. Selvaraj

2010-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

183

Route-dependent operation of automotive fuel cell systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Information on energy demand and traversal times along segments of a route is used to operate a fuel cell of an automotive drive in order to minimise fuel consumption. The buffering capacity of a battery is exploited to proactively leave the fuel cell idle or run it as close as possible to its maximum efficiency power level. Additionally, recuperation energy is buffered. Shortest paths in so-called power graphs correspond to approximately optimal fuel cell operation along a given route. In principle, minimum consumption routes can be computed in the same way. The approach targets planning rather than control.

Thomas Kämpke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Acoustic horn reflectance: Equations and measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reflectance is the transfer function between forward and reflected components of pressure waves that propagate in wave guides such as acoustic horns. Exact solutions to Webster's Horn Equation are only known for a few specific shapes including parabolic conical and exponential. Explicit equations for reflectance in these three horn shapes were recently published for infinite-length horns. Measured reflectance in 3D-printed finite-length examples of these horn shapes show no similarity in the frequency-domain to exact reflectance for infinite-length horns. The similarity improves after adjustments to both the equations and the measurements. New equations were derived for exact reflectance of finite-length horns. Measured reflectance was smoothed by time-domain windowing. In contrast to frequency-domain reflectance comparisons of time-domain reflectance prior to the time sound reaches the end of the horn were not much affected by these adjustments. Because exact equations are known and 3D-printed examples are easy to obtain these three horn shapes may be useful as standards for comparing different reflectance-measurement systems.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Thermonuclear Reflect AB-Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The author offers a new kind of thermonuclear reflect reactor. The remarkable feature of this new reactor is a three net AB reflector, which confines the high temperature plasma. The plasma loses part of its energy when it contacts with the net but this loss can be compensated by an additional permanent plasma heating. When the plasma is rarefied (has a small density), the heat flow to the AB reflector is not large and the temperature in the triple reflector net is lower than 2000 - 3000 K. This offered AB-reactor has significantly less power then the currently contemplated power reactors with magnetic or inertial confinement (hundreds-thousands of kW, not millions of kW). But it is enough for many vehicles and ships and particularly valuable for tunnelers, subs and space apparatus, where air to burn chemical fuel is at a premium or simply not available. The author has made a number of innovations in this reactor, researched its theory, developed methods of computation, made a sample computation of typical project. The main point of preference for the offered reactor is its likely cheapness as a power source. Key words: Micro-thermonuclear reactor, Multi-reflex AB-thermonuclear reactor, Self-magnetic AB-thermonuclear reactor, aerospace thermonuclear engine.

Alexander Bolonkin

2008-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

186

The performance of active spectral reflectance sensors as influenced by measuring distance, device temperature and light intensity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spectral remote sensing is widely used for land-use management, agriculture, and crop management. Spectral sensors are most frequently adopted for site-specific fertiliser applications and, increasingly, for precision phenotyping. With the use of active ... Keywords: Fertilisation, Phenomics, Precision farming, Precision phenotyping, Site specific management

Sebastian Kipp; Bodo Mistele; Urs Schmidhalter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Photovoltaic module with light reflecting backskin  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic module comprises electrically interconnected and mutually spaced photovoltaic cells that are encapsulated by a light-transmitting encapsulant between a light-transparent front cover and a back cover, with the back cover sheet being an ionomer/nylon alloy embossed with V-shaped grooves running in at least two directions and coated with a light reflecting medium so as to provide light-reflecting facets that are aligned with the spaces between adjacent cells and oriented so as to reflect light falling in those spaces back toward said transparent front cover for further internal reflection onto the solar cells, whereby substantially all of the reflected light will be internally reflected from said cover sheet back to the photovoltaic cells, thereby increasing the current output of the module. The internal reflector improves power output by as much as 67%.

Gonsiorawski, Ronald C. (Danvers, MA)

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

188

Preliminaries Conserved Interval Distance between Non-trivial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Outline Preliminaries Results Conclusion Conserved Interval Distance between Non-trivial Genomes.Rizzi@unitn.it August the 16th Guillaume Blin, Romeo Rizzi Conserved Interval Distance between Non-trivial Genomes #12 Guillaume Blin, Romeo Rizzi Conserved Interval Distance between Non-trivial Genomes #12;Outline

Blin, Guillaume

189

GEODESIC FRCHET DISTANCE WITH POLYGONAL OBSTACLES Atlas F. Cook IV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GEODESIC FR�CHET DISTANCE WITH POLYGONAL OBSTACLES Atlas F. Cook IV Carola Wenk Abstract We present the first algorithm to compute the geodesic Fréchet distance between two polygonal curves in a plane of from a point source). This shortest path map supports geodesic distance queries from any point s ab

Texas at San Antonio, University of

190

Charting a New Carbon Route to Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Charting a New Carbon Route to Development Charting a New Carbon Route to Development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Charting a New Carbon Route to Development Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Topics: Low emission development planning Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: www.beta.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/ourwork/environmentandenergy/fo Cost: Free Language: English Charting a New Carbon Route to Development Screenshot "UNDP recognizes the critical need to support developing country governments to build on their existing development strategies and coordination experiences (e.g., National Communications, National Adaptation Plan of Action, National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan, UN Development Assistance Framework, Country Assistance Strategy,

191

Routing tradeoffs in dynamic peer-to-peer networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distributed Hash Tables (DHTs) are useful tools for building large scale distributed systems. DHTs provide a hash-table-like interface to applications by routing a key to its responsible node among the current set of ...

Li, Jinyang, 1976-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

ES-VBF: An Energy Saving Routing Protocol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Limited Energy is a challenge in Underwater Sensor Network (UWSN). To solve the energy problem in UWSN, this paper puts forward a new energy-aware routing algorithm, called Energy-Saving Vector Based Forwarding P...

Bo Wei; Yong-mei Luo; Zhigang Jin; Jie Wei…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Whanaungatanga: Sybil-proof routing with social networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decentralized systems, such as distributed hash tables, are subject to the Sybil attack, in which an adversary creates many false identities to increase its influence. This paper proposes a routing protocol for a distributed ...

Lesniewski-Laas, Chris

2009-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

194

Rule-Based Generation of Thermochemical Routes to Biomass Conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biomass conversion to fuels and chemicals involves a multitude of oxygen-containing compounds and thermochemical reaction routes. A detailed elucidation of the process chemistry is, thus, a key step in understanding the reaction mechanisms and designing ...

Srinivas Rangarajan; Aditya Bhan; Prodromos Daoutidis

2010-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

195

Improving Efficiency and Effectiveness of Multipath Routing in Computer Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

state changes. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first technique combining a routing scheme with hardware scheme to save energy consumption in networks. In our evaluation, alternative forwarding reduced energy consumption by 10% on top of a...

Lee, Yong Oh

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

196

User level routing for mobile ad hoc networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an alternative architecture where routing is implemented in the user level. User level implementation has many benefits, such as ease of implementation, co-existence of multiple protocols, application specific customizations, and ease of deployment. This thesis...

Virk, Navjot

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Optimized supply routing at Dell under non-stationary demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the design and implementation of an optimization model to manage inventory at Dell's American factories. Specifically, the model is a mixed integer program which makes routing decisions on incoming ...

Foreman, John William

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

On the Capacity of Hybrid Wireless Networks with Opportunistic Routing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper studies the capacity of hybrid wireless networks with opportunistic routing (OR). ... algorithm to exploit high speed data transmissions in infrastructure network through base stations. We then develop...

Tan Le; Yong Liu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

High-throughput routing for multi-hop wireless networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The expected transmission count (ETX) metric is a new route metric for finding high-throughput paths in multi-hop wireless networks. The ETX of a path is the expected total number of packet transmissions (including ...

De Couto, Douglas S. J. (Douglas Seraphim James), 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Hamilton Truck Route Study Prepared for the City of Hamilton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hamilton Truck Route Study Prepared for the City of Hamilton March 2012 #12;#12;Hamilton Truck and Logistics McMaster University Hamilton, Ontario March 2012 mitl.mcmaster.ca #12;#12;McMaster Institute

Haykin, Simon

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Post-routing redundant via insertion with wire spreading capability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Redundant via insertion is a widely recommended technique to enhance the via yield and reliability. In this paper, the post-routing redundant via insertion problem is transformed to a mixed bipartite-conflict graph matching problem, and an efficient ...

Cheok-Kei Lei; Po-Yi Chiang; Yu-Min Lee

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

A method for gridless routing of printed circuit boards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The introduction of fine-line technologies to printed circuit board design and manufacture has stretched most previous automatic routing algorithms to the limit. A different approach designed specifically to meet the present needs is detailed.

A. C. Finch; K. J. Mackenzie; G. J. Balsdon; G. Symonds

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important...

204

Energy-Aware Routing for E-Textile Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the scale of electronic devices shrinks, "electronic textiles" (e-textiles) will make possible a wide variety of novel applications which are currently unfeasible. Due to the wearability concerns, low-power techniques are critical for e-textile applications. In this paper, we address the issue of the energy-aware routing for e-textile platforms and propose an efficient algorithm to solve it. The platform we consider consists of dedicated components for e-textiles, including computational modules, dedicated transmission lines and thin-film batteries on fiber substrates. Furthermore, we derive an analytical upper bound for the achievable number of jobs completed over all possible routing strategies. From a practical standpoint, for the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) cipher, the routing technique we propose achieves about fifty percent of this analytical upper bound. Moreover, compared to the non-energy-aware counterpart, our routing technique increases the number of encryption jobs completed by one order...

Kao, Jung-Chun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Reflection Spectra from Photoionized Accretion Discs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review recent progress on the modeling and use of reflection spectra from irradiated and ionized accretion discs. On the computational side, calculations of reflection spectra from discs with non-uniform density structure have shown that thermal instabilities can effect the predictions. Ionized reflection spectra have been used effectively in fitting data of Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 galaxies, and have placed constraints on the strength and shape of soft X-ray emission lines.

D. R. Ballantyne; R. R. Ross; A. C. Fabian

2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

206

Reflectivity in shock wave fronts of xenon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New results for the reflection coefficient of shock-compressed dense xenon plasmas at pressures of 1.6–20 GPa and temperatures around 30?000 K are interpreted. Reflectivities typical of metallic systems are found at high densities. A consistent description of the measured reflectivities is achieved if a finite width of the shock wave front is considered. Several mechanisms to give a microscopic explanation for a finite extension of the shock front are discussed.

T Raitza; H Reinholz; G Röpke; V Mintsev; A Wierling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Plasma Wave Reflection in Slowly Varying Media  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two mathematical formalisms are presented to describe wave reflection in a slowly varying spatially inhomogeneous thermal plasma described by the Vlasov equation. It is found that the transmitted wave which is the Wentzel?Kramer?Brillouin solution and the reflected wave can be expressed in terms of the local dielectric properties of the medium. In a numerical example it is shown that the intrinsic thermal properties of the plasma can supply reflection mechanisms that compete with the reflection coefficient predicted when the plasma is described by fluid equations.

H. L. Berk; C. W. Horton; M. N. Rosenbluth; R. N. Sudan

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Travel Notes and Reflections from the Netherlands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Reflections from the Netherlands by Jennifer Lynne Mustopopulated, country of the Netherlands. The express purposeficking Work in the Netherlands. ” The project explores

Lynne Musto, Jennifer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Phenomenological description of bidirectional surface reflection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phenomenological description of bidirectional surface reflection Jan J. Koenderink and Andrea J satellites). In some cases one has (usually approximate, phenomenological) models, but in most cases one

O'Brien, James F.

210

Routing algorithms for large scale wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as power, memory, and CPU processing capabilities. In this thesis, we assume an All to All communication mode in an N ? N grid sensor network. We explore routing algorithms which load balance the network without compromising the shortest paths constrain. We... failed nodes). In static network case, we derived mathematical formulae representing the maximum and minimum loads on a sensor grid, when specific routing strategies are employed. We show improvement in performance in load balancing of the grid by using...

Nittala Venkata, Lakshmana Prasanth

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

211

Synthesis of graphene platelets by chemical and electrochemical route  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: A schematic showing the overall reduction process of graphite to reduced graphene platelets by chemical and electrochemical route. - Highlights: • Graphene was prepared by diverse routes viz. chemical and electrochemical methods. • NaBH{sub 4} was effective for removing oxygen functional groups from graphene oxide. • Sodium borohydride reduced graphene oxide (SRGO) showed high specific capacitance. • Electrochemical rendered a cheap route for production of graphene in powder form. - Abstract: Graphene platelets were synthesized from graphene oxide by chemical and electrochemical route. Under the chemical method, sodium borohydride and hydrazine chloride were used as reductants to produce graphene. In this paper, a novel and cost effective electrochemical method, which can simplify the process of reduction on a larger scale, is demonstrated. The electrochemical method proposed in this paper produces graphene in powder form with good yield. The atomic force microscopic images confirmed that the graphene samples prepared by all the routes have multilayers of graphene. The electrochemical process provided a new route to make relatively larger area graphene sheets, which will have interest for further patterning applications. Attempt was made to quantify the quantum of reduction using cyclic voltammetry and choronopotentiometry techniques on reduced graphene samples. As a measure in reading the specific capacitance values, a maximum specific capacitance value of 265.3 F/g was obtained in sodium borohydride reduced graphene oxide.

Ramachandran, Rajendran; Felix, Sathiyanathan [Centre for Nanotechnology Research, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu (India); Joshi, Girish M. [Materials Physics Division, School of Advanced Sciences, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu (India); Raghupathy, Bala P.C., E-mail: balapraveen2000@yahoo.com [Centre for Nanotechnology Research, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu (India); Research and Advanced Engineering Division (Materials), Renault Nissan Technology and Business Center India (P) Ltd., Chennai, Tamil Nadu (India); Jeong, Soon Kwan, E-mail: jeongsk@kier.re.kr [Climate Change Technology Research Division, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-343 (Korea, Republic of); Grace, Andrews Nirmala, E-mail: anirmalagrace@vit.ac.in [Centre for Nanotechnology Research, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu (India); Climate Change Technology Research Division, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-343 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

212

Socially-Aware Multi-phase Opportunistic Routing for Distributed Mobile Social Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The work presented in this paper focuses on opportunistic routing in distributed Mobile Social Networks (MSNs). It proposes a novel routing protocol called Socially-Aware Multi-Phase Opportunistic (SAMPhO), where the routing procedure for each message ... Keywords: Mobile social networks, Multi-phase, OMNeT++, Opportunistic routing, Social network discovery, Social ties

Nikolaos Vastardis, Kun Yang, Supeng Leng

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Global-scale flow routing using a source-to-sink algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrological and Earth system models. Hydrographs for somehydrological and Earth system models. FLOW ROUTING [1999

Olivera, Francisco; Famiglietti, James; Asante, Kwabena

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Comparison of two Self-Organization and Hierarchical Routing Protocols for Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of two Self-Organization and Hierarchical Routing Protocols for Ad Hoc Networks Bet. In this article, we compare two self-organization and hierarchical rout- ing protocols for ad hoc networks-organization and hierarchical routing in ad hoc networks. keywords: ad hoc networks, hierarchical routing, DHT, comparison

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

215

BRAESS PARADOX IN DYNAMIC ROUTING FOR THE COHEN-KELLY Atsushi Inoie  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BRAESS PARADOX IN DYNAMIC ROUTING FOR THE COHEN-KELLY NETWORK Atsushi Inoie Doctoral Program of dynamic routing in the Cohen-Kelly network is studied. Intuitively, we expect that adding capacity in which Cohen and Kelly discovered a paradox in static routing. We consider the dy- namic routing problems

Touati, Corinne

216

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch Malik Magdon-Ismail Marios Mavronicolas Roger Wattenhofer§ February 8, 2004 Abstract In hot-potato (deflection) routing, nodes in the network have. Denote by rt the optimal routing time for a given routing problem. We construct the first hot-potato

Busch, Konstantin "Costas"

217

Testing the consistency between cosmological measurements of distance and age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a model independent method to test the consistency between cosmological measurements of distance and age, assuming the distance duality relation. We use type Ia supernovae, baryon acoustic oscillations, and observational Hubble data, to reconstruct the luminosity distance D_L(z), the angle averaged distance D_V(z) and the Hubble rate H(z), using Gaussian processes regression technique. We obtain estimate of the distance duality relation in the redshift range 0.1

Nair, Remya; Jain, Deepak

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

A NEW COSMOLOGICAL DISTANCE MEASURE USING ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI  

SciTech Connect

Accurate distances to celestial objects are key to establishing the age and energy density of the universe and the nature of dark energy. A distance measure using active galactic nuclei (AGNs) has been sought for more than 40 years, as they are extremely luminous and can be observed at very large distances. We report here the discovery of an accurate luminosity distance measure using AGNs. We use the tight relationship between the luminosity of an AGN and the radius of its broad-line region established via reverberation mapping to determine the luminosity distances to a sample of 38 AGNs. All reliable distance measures up to now have been limited to moderate redshift-AGNs will, for the first time, allow distances to be estimated to z {approx} 4, where variations of dark energy and alternate gravity theories can be probed.

Watson, D.; Denney, K. D.; Vestergaard, M. [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen Oe (Denmark); Davis, T. M. [School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072 (Australia)

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

219

Identification coding schemes for modulated reflectance systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An identifying coding apparatus employing modulated reflectance technology involving a base station emitting a RF signal, with a tag, located remotely from the base station, and containing at least one antenna and predetermined other passive circuit components, receiving the RF signal and reflecting back to the base station a modulated signal indicative of characteristics related to the tag.

Coates, Don M. (Santa Fe, NM); Briles, Scott D. (Los Alamos, NM); Neagley, Daniel L. (Albuquerque, NM); Platts, David (Santa Fe, NM); Clark, David D. (Santa Fe, NM)

2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

220

Linear efficient antialiased displacement and reflectance mapping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present Linear Efficient Antialiased Displacement and Reflectance (LEADR) mapping, a reflectance filtering technique for displacement mapped surfaces. Similarly to LEAN mapping, it employs two mipmapped texture maps, which store the first two moments ... Keywords: BRDF, GPU, LEAN mapping, filtering, microfacet

Jonathan Dupuy; Eric Heitz; Jean-Claude Iehl; Pierre Poulin; Fabrice Neyret; Victor Ostromoukhov

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS TOSHIAKI SHOJI Department of Mathematics Science University of Tokyo Noda, Chiba 278­8510, Japan Abstract. Green functions of classical groups this, we define Green functions associated to complex reflection groups G(e, 1, n), and study

Shoj, Toshiaki

222

QoS routing and rerouting optimisation in cognitive network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The human interventions in the network should be reduced as much as possible to alleviate the network complexity. Through mimicking the cognitive behaviours of human brains, the cognitive network concept is proposed to improve the scalability, self-adaptation, self-organisation, and self-protection of the network. In this paper, based on the cognitive science model, we design the cognitive behaviours for the network nodes to benefit the quality-of-service (QoS) routing and rerouting optimisation. We propose a QoS routing protocol oriented to cognitive network, named as CogRT which addresses the rerouting issue as well. CogRT is a distributed hop-by-hop routing protocol. Inspired by the small-world phenomenon, the experiential route information is collected and stored at each node to benefit the future route selection. We implement and evaluate CogRT in NS2 platform. The results show that CogRT has achieved remarkable performance improvements over the protocols where no cognitive behaviours are exploited.

Xingwei Wang; Hui Cheng; Min Huang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Photovoltaic converter having apertured reflective enclosure  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a photovoltaic converter. It comprises: a photovoltaic cell having an incident face upon which light is directed to cause photogeneration; an enclosure over the incident face, the wall of the enclosure having a reflective inner surface spaced apart from the incident face to permit light reflected from the incident face to be re-reflected by the inner surface and back to the photovoltaic cell; and an aperture through the wall of the enclosure to permit light to fall directly upon the voltaic cell. The ratio of the area of the aperture to the are of the incident face of the photovoltaic cell is less than about 0.2.

Sinton, R.A.; Swanson, R.M.

1990-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

224

Walk the Line: The Development of Route Selection Standards for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-level Radioactive Waste in the United States - 13519  

SciTech Connect

Although storage facilities for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste (HLRW) are widely dispersed throughout the United States, these materials are also relatively concentrated in terms of geographic area. That is, the impacts of storage occur in a very small geographic space. Once shipments begin to a national repository or centralized interim storage facility, the impacts of SNF and HLRW will become more geographically distributed, more publicly visible, and almost certainly more contentious. The selection of shipping routes will likely be a major source of controversy. This paper describes the development of procedures, regulations, and standards for the selection of routes used to ship spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste in the United States. The paper begins by reviewing the circumstances around the development of HM-164 routing guidelines. The paper discusses the significance of New York City versus the Department of Transportation and application of HM-164. The paper describes the methods used to implement those regulations. The paper will also describe the current HM-164 designated routes and will provide a summary data analysis of their characteristics. This analysis will reveal the relatively small spatial scale of the effects of HM 164. The paper will then describe subsequent developments that have affected route selection for these materials. These developments include the use of 'representative routes' found in the Department of Energy (DOE) 2008 Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the formerly proposed Yucca Mountain geologic repository. The paper will describe recommendations related to route selection found in the National Academy of Sciences 2006 report Going the Distance, as well as recommendations found in the 2012 Final Report of the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future. The paper will examine recently promulgated federal regulations (HM-232) for selection of rail routes for hazardous materials transport. The paper concludes that while the HM 164 regime is sufficient for certain applications, it does not provide an adequate basis for a national plan to ship spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste to centralized storage and disposal facilities over a period of 30 to 50 years. (authors)

Dilger, Fred [Black Mountain Research, Henderson, NV 81012 (United States)] [Black Mountain Research, Henderson, NV 81012 (United States); Halstead, Robert J. [State of Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects, Carson City, NV 80906 (United States)] [State of Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects, Carson City, NV 80906 (United States); Ballard, James D. [Department of Sociology, California State University, Northridge, CA 91330 (United States)] [Department of Sociology, California State University, Northridge, CA 91330 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Hazardous Waste Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) Hazardous Waste Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Energy and Environmental Protection These regulations set minimum distance requirements between certain types of facilities that generate, process, store, and dispose of hazardous waste

226

Geodesic Distance in Fisher Information Space and Holographic Entropy Formula  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this short note, we examine geodesic distance in Fisher information space in which the metric is defined by the entanglement entropy in CFT_(1+1). It is obvious in this case that the geodesic distance at a constant time is a function of the entropy data embedded into the information space. In a special case, the geodesic equation can be solved analytically, and we find that the distance agrees well with the Ryu-Takayanagi formula. Then, we can understand how the distance looks at the embeded quantum information. The result suggests that the Fisher metric is an efficient tool for constructing the holographic spacetime.

Hiroaki Matsueda

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

227

Geodesic Distance in Planar Graphs: An Integrable Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the enumeration of planar graphs using bijections with suitably decorated trees, which allow for keeping track of the geodesic distances between faces of the graph. The corresponding generating functions obey non-linear recursion relations on the geodesic distance. These are solved by use of stationary multi-soliton tau-functions of suitable reductions of the KP hierarchy. We obtain a unified formulation of the (multi-) critical continuum limit describing large graphs with marked points at large geodesic distances, and obtain integrable differential equations for the corresponding scaling functions. This provides a continuum formulation of two-dimensional quantum gravity, in terms of the geodesic distance.

P. Di Francesco

2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

228

Distance and overcurrent protection of feeders at distribution substation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The ???Distance and Overcurrent Protection of Feeders at Distribution Substation??? report will discuss protection of distribution feeders at a substation. The paper will discuss the… (more)

Chedid, Youssef Pierre

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Robust message routing for mobile (wireless) ad hoc networks.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of research targeting improvements in the robustness of message transport in wireless ad hoc networks. The first section of the report provides an analysis of throughput and latency in the wireless medium access control (MAC) layer and relates the analysis to the commonly used 802.11 protocol. The second section describes enhancements made to several existing models of wireless MAC and ad hoc routing protocols; the models were used in support of the work described in the following section. The third section of the report presents a lightweight transport layer protocol that is superior to TCP for use in wireless networks. In addition, it introduces techniques that improve the performance of any ad hoc source routing protocol. The fourth section presents a novel, highly scalable ad hoc routing protocol that is based on geographic principles but requires no localization hardware.

Goldsby, Michael E.; Johnson, Michael M.; Kilman, Dominique Marie (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Bierbaum, Neal Robert; Chen, Helen Y.; Ammerlahn, Heidi R.; Tsang, Rose P.; Nicol, David M. (University of Illinois, Urbana, IL)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

MACDONALD FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MACDONALD FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS. A generalization of Macdonald o* *perators is also constructed, and we characterize such functions by making use of * *Macdonald operators, assuming a certain conjecture

Shoj, Toshiaki

231

MACDONALD FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MACDONALD FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS TOSHIAKI SHOJI Department version of the above Hall-Littlewood functions, as a generalization of Macdonald functions associated to symmetric groups. A generalization of Macdonald operators is also constructed, and we characterize

Shoj, Toshiaki

232

New dean reflects on Gator Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UF Voices New dean reflects on Gator Engineering No engineer is an island. The most suc- cessful questions facing society. It's an exciting time to be a new dean of engineering -- especially Gator

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

233

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has led to an outburst of research activities in the field of lensless imaging. XFELs...

234

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print Wednesday, 26 October 2011 00:00 The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has led to an outburst of research activities...

235

Frustrated total internal reflection acoustic field sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A frustrated total internal reflection acoustic field sensor which allows the acquisition of the acoustic field over an entire plane, all at once. The sensor finds use in acoustic holography and acoustic diffraction tomography. For example, the sensor may be produced by a transparent plate with transparent support members tall enough to support one or more flexible membranes at an appropriate height for frustrated total internal reflection to occur. An acoustic wave causes the membrane to deflect away from its quiescent position and thus changes the amount of light that tunnels through the gap formed by the support members and into the membrane, and so changes the amount of light reflected by the membrane. The sensor(s) is illuminated by a uniform tight field, and the reflection from the sensor yields acoustic wave amplitude and phase information which can be picked up electronically or otherwise.

Kallman, Jeffrey S. (Pleasanton, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Reflective masks for extreme ultraviolet lithography  

SciTech Connect

Extreme ultraviolet lithographic masks are made by patterning multilayer reflective coatings with high normal incidence reflectivity. Masks can be patterned by depositing a patterned absorber layer above the coating or by etching the pattern directly into the coating itself. Electromagnetic simulations showed that absorber-overlayer masks have superior imaging characteristics over etched masks (less sensitive to incident angles and pattern profiles). In an EUVL absorber overlayer mask, defects can occur in the mask substrate, reflective coating, and absorber pattern. Electromagnetic simulations showed that substrate defects cause the most severe image degradation. A printability study of substrate defects for absorber overlayer masks showed that printability of 25 nm high substrate defects are comparable to defects in optical lithography. Simulations also indicated that the manner in which the defects are covered by multilayer reflective coatings can affect printability. Coverage profiles that result in large lateral spreading of defect geometries amplify the printability of the defects by increasing their effective sizes. Coverage profiles of Mo/Si coatings deposited above defects were studied by atomic force microscopy and TEM. Results showed that lateral spread of defect geometry is proportional to height. Undercut at defect also increases the lateral spread. Reductions in defect heights were observed for 0.15 {mu}m wide defect lines. A long-term study of Mo/Si coating reflectivity revealed that Mo/Si coatings with Mo as the top layer suffer significant reductions in reflectivity over time due to oxidation.

Nguyen, Khanh Bao

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

A parallel textured algorithm for optimal routing in data networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is defined as [12]: fiw(j) 2 exf'-(j) (2. 13) 16 where f~(j ) denotes the flow on link (i, k) with destination j, and i, j, k, m E X The basic idea of this formulation is that each node in the network establishes its routing table. The routing table... of Network ORP, f (0), w = 1, 2, . . . ~W~; set l = 1, j = 1 and f (j ) = f (0), w = 1, 2, . . . , ~W~. 29 ( j denotes the number of iterations. ) Step 2: for processor i = lq to l?, do in parallel (2. 1) Compute e; (f(j)), for each m = 1, 2, . . . , (W...

Hsieh, Wen-Lin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

238

Quantum tunneling and reflection of a molecule with a single bound state  

SciTech Connect

In this article, we present the results of studies on the quantum mechanical tunneling and reflection of a diatomic, homonuclear molecule with a single bound state incident upon a potential barrier. In the first study, we investigate the tunneling of a molecule using a time-dependent formulation. The molecular wave function is modeled as a Gaussian wave packet, and its propagation is calculated numerically using Crank-Nicholson integration. It is found that a molecule may transition between the bound state and an unbound state numerous times during the process of reflection from or transmission past the barrier. It is also found that, in addition to reflecting and transmitting, the molecule may also temporarily straddle the potential barrier in an unbound state. In the second study, we consider the case of a molecule incident in the bound state upon a step potential with energy less than the step. We show that in the limit where the binding energy e{sub 0} approaches zero and the step potential V{sub 0} goes to infinity, the molecule cannot remain in a bound state if the center of mass gets closer to the step than an arbitrarily large distance x{sub 0} which increases as the magnitude of e{sub 0} decreases, as V{sub 0} increases, or both. We also show that, for e{sub 0{yields}}0{sup -} and V{sub 0{yields}{infinity}}, if the molecule is incident in the bound state, it is reflected in the bound state with probability equal to unity, when the center of mass reaches the reflection distance x{sub 0}. We verify that the unbound states exhibit the expected physical behavior. We discuss some surprising results. Connections between our results and investigations done in cold atoms, excitons, Cooper pairs, and Rydberg atoms are discussed.

Kavka, Jeremy J.; Kerbrat, Danielle; Shegelski, Mark R. A. [Department of Physics, University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, British Columbia V2N 4Z9 (Canada)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

239

Introduction The median problem for the reversal distance in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

genomes E. Ohlebusch, M.I. Abouelhoda, K. Hockel, J. Stallkamp University of Ulm, Germany CPM 2005 The median problem for the reversal distance in circular bacterial genomes #12;Introduction Methods Conclusion General Problem Distances Specific Problem Median Problem Given 3 genomes G1, G2, and G3, find

Lonardi, Stefano

240

Estimating Distances Using Least Cost Path Algorithms Rodney J. Dyer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimating Distances Using Least Cost Path Algorithms Rodney J. Dyer February 27, 2012 Overview This vignette covers the methods necessary to take a raster and estimate the least cost path distance between points. In doing so, this will cover: 1. Load in a 'raster blank' 2. Modify the raster to change relative

Dyer, Rodney J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Ris-R-1518(EN) The necessary distance between large  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risø-R-1518(EN) The necessary distance between large wind farms offshore - study Sten Frandsen. As it is often the need for offshore wind farms, the model handles a regular array-geometry with straight rows distance between large wind farms in the offshore environment. The main results are given in Section 1

242

How to project `circular' manifolds using geodesic distances?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How to project `circular' manifolds using geodesic distances? John Aldo Lee, Michel Verleysen,verleysen}@dice.ucl.ac.be Abstract. Recent papers have clearly shown the advantage of using the geodesic distance instead strongly crumpled manifolds have to be un- folded. Nevertheless, neither the Euclidean nor the geodesic

Verleysen, Michel

243

Parallel algorithms for approximation of distance maps on parametric surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

results demonstrate up to four orders of magnitude improvement in execution time compared to the state(n) numerical algorithm for first-order approximation of geodesic distances on geometry images, where n charts, parallel algorithms, GPU, SIMD 1. INTRODUCTION Approximation of geodesic distances on curved

Kimmel, Ron

244

RESEARCH NOTE DISTANCE CHEMORECEPTION AND THE DETECTION OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESEARCH NOTE DISTANCE CHEMORECEPTION AND THE DETECTION OF CONSPECIFICS IN OCTOPUS BIMACULOIDES. They detect odours on contact using chemosensory cells on their lips and suckers (Budelmann, 1996). They can also detect water-borne odours (distance chemoreception) using receptors in their olfactory organs

Boal, Jean

245

Keep Your Enemies Close: Distance Bounding Against Smartcard Relay Attacks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Keep Your Enemies Close: Distance Bounding Against Smartcard Relay Attacks Saar Drimer and Steven J by an implementation of the relay attack that has been tested on live systems. Once designers appreciate the risk to the smartcard standard, based on a distance bounding protocol, which provides adequate resistance to the relay

Xu, Wenyuan

246

From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory: The Hopf route  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory: The Hopf route A. I. Solomon1 2, G. E. H. Duchamp3. Eliasza-Radzikowskiego 152, PL 31-342 Krak´ow, Poland E-mail: a.i.solomon@open.ac.uk, gduchamp2@free solvable model (at least in the free boson case). On the basis of a combinatorial methodology, we show

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

247

From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory: The Hopf route  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory: The Hopf route A. I. Solomon 1 2 , G. E. H. Duchamp. Eliasza­Radzikowskiego 152, PL 31­342 Krakâ??ow, Poland E­mail: a.i.solomon@open.ac.uk, gduchamp2@free solvable model (at least in the free boson case). On the basis of a combinatorial methodology, we show

Recanati, Catherine

248

Code Pruning in Opportunistic Routing through Bidirectional Coding Traffic Comparison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Xiaozhuan Chen, Mingming Lu, Jianxin Wang , Xi Zhang , and Jie Wu Abstract Opportunistic routing (OR, wireless mesh networks. Weiping Wang, Xiaozhuan Chen, Mingming Lu, and Jianxin Wang are with the School-mail: {wpwang, xzchen, mingminglu, jxwang}@csu.edu.cn (see http://netlab.csu.edu.cn). Mingming Lu

Wu, Jie

249

Networks: Simple is the best for dynamic routing of telecommunications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... TELECOMMUNICATIONS networks have to choose routes dynamically to make the best use of lines available at ... British Telecom researchers, studied the absolute bounds on capacity determined by the nature of the telecommunications network, and it was while thinking about these problems that they arrived at the ...

Alistair Mees

1986-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

250

Upconversion as a Viable Route to Increased Efficiency Solar Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Upconversion as a Viable Route to Increased Efficiency Solar Energy Conversion Joshua Zide, Matt University of Delaware Energy Institute #12;Efficiency drives reduced $/W.... http://www.nrel.gov/ncpv/! Shockley-Queisser Limit! *adopted from http://www.lbl.gov/Science-Articles/Archive/MSD-full-spectrum-solar

Firestone, Jeremy

251

Reliable and Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol in Dense  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliable and Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol in Dense Wireless Sensor Networks Min Chen, Taekyoung Kwon, Shiwen Mao, + Yong Yuan, Victor C.M. Leung* Department of Electrical and Computer@snu.ac.kr Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Auburn University, 200 Broun Hall, Auburn, AL 36849

Chen, Min

252

Sensor network minimal energy routing with latency guarantees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider wireless sensor networks with nodes switching ON (awake) and OFF (sleeping) to preserve energy, and transmitting data over channels with varying quality. The objective is to determine the best path from each node to a single gateway. Performance ... Keywords: energy and resource management, large deviations, latency, routing, sensor networks, sleeping schedule

Wei Lai; Ioannis Ch. Paschalidis

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

High Throughput Spectrum-aware Routing for Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Throughput Spectrum-aware Routing for Cognitive Radio Networks Ashwin Sampath, Lei Yang, Lili, wireless nodes equipped with cognitive radios [11] do not operate on statically as- signed spectrum who own the spectrum, e.g. analog TV broadcast stations. Such flexibility means cognitive radios can

Zhao, Ben Y.

254

High Throughput Spectrumaware Routing for Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Throughput Spectrum­aware Routing for Cognitive Radio Networks Ashwin Sampath, Lei Yang, Lili, wireless nodes equipped with cognitive radios [11] do not operate on statically as­ signed spectrum. Instead, they identify and use locally unused licensed spectrum while avoiding disruptions to legacy users

Zhao, Ben Y.

255

Distributed Routing, Relay Selection, and Spectrum Allocation in Cognitive and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the existing radio spectrum. Based on the reported evidence that static licensed spectrum allocation results--Throughput maximization is a key challenge in cognitive radio ad hoc networks, where the availability of local spectrum radio networks, dynamic spectrum allocation, routing, cross-layer de- sign. I. INTRODUCTION The need

Melodia, Tommaso

256

Timescale decoupled routing and rate control in intermittently connected networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study an intermittently connected network (ICN) composed of multiple clusters of wireless nodes. Within each cluster, nodes can communicate directly using the wireless links. However, these clusters are far away from each other such that direct communication ... Keywords: back-pressure (BP) routing and rate control, intermittently connected networks (ICNs)

Jung Ryu; Lei Ying; Sanjay Shakkottai

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Vehicle routing and staffing for sedan service - Optimization Online  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

more efficiently than it could with its former manual scheduling system. ... Sections 3 and 4) and a heuristic local improvement solver (described in detail in Section 5). ..... 3.3 Improving computational performance ...... [7] J. Desrosiers, F. Soumis, and M. Desrochers, Routing with time windows by column generation, Net-.

258

HADOF: Defense Against Routing Disruptions in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 HADOF: Defense Against Routing Disruptions in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Wei Yu, Yan Sun and K. J disruptions in mobile ad hoc networks. Based on the observed behavior and the history record of each node AND BACKGROUND A mobile ad hoc network is a group of mobile nodes without requiring centralized administration

Sun, Yan Lindsay

259

Enhancing Routing Protocol with Memory in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enhancing Routing Protocol with Memory in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Yongjun Dai, Changhee Joo prevalent, TCP performance over mobile ad hoc networks attracts more attention. The earlier studies on TCP in wireless networks have shown that it performs poorly in ad hoc networks. They tackled the problem

Bahk, Saewoong

260

Backpressure Routing Made Practical Scott Moeller, Avinash Sridharan, Bhaskar Krishnamachari  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

weight as the next hop for the packet. Forwarding decision: if wi,j > 0, the packet is forwarded (i.eBackpressure Routing Made Practical Scott Moeller, Avinash Sridharan, Bhaskar Krishnamachari is the following weight computa- tion at a node i for each of its neighbors: wi,j = (Qi,j - V · ETXij) · Rij Here

Gnawali, Omprakash

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261

Woodland Route 532 Dump EPA ID#: NJD980505887  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

companies disposed of wastes here from 1956 until the mid-1960s, dumping, burning, and burying drummed Description The Woodland Route 532 Dump site is an inactive chemical waste dump covering about 20 acres along of the treated water back into the aquifer. By January 1991, waste materials were removed and disposed

262

A sequential GRASP for the therapist routing and scheduling problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a new model and solution methodology for the problem faced by companies that provide rehabilitative services to clinic and home-bound patients. Given a set of multi-skilled therapists and a group of geographically dispersed patients, ... Keywords: GRASP, Home healthcare, Midterm scheduling, Overtime, Therapist routing, m-TSP

Jonathan F. Bard; Yufen Shao; Ahmad I. Jarrah

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Optical Networking and Impairments, Routing and Path Computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PCE in multi-bit rate 10-100 Gb/s WSON with experimental demonstration N. Sambo, G. Meloni, F PCE based approaches providing separate or joint computation of impairments and RWA OThAA6 Impairment-route. #12;Code Title Author/Affiliation Topic OThI3 GMPLS/PCE/OBST Architectures for Guaranteed Sub

California at Davis, University of

264

A Gossip Algorithm for Heterogeneous Multi-Vehicle Routing Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tasks arbitrarily distributed in a plane, to each task is assigned a servicing cost, each vehicle with arbi- trary execution cost and vehicles with different task exe- cution speeds. We provide upperA Gossip Algorithm for Heterogeneous Multi-Vehicle Routing Problems Mauro Franceschelli Daniele

Bullo, Francesco

265

Energy Efficient Broadcast Routing in Static Ad Hoc Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such that the energy cost of the broadcast tree is minimized. Each node in the network is assumed to have a fixed level a broadcast tree such that the energy cost of the broadcast tree is minimized. We first prove that the problemEnergy Efficient Broadcast Routing in Static Ad Hoc Wireless Networks Deying Li, Xiaohua Jia

Jia, Xiaohua

266

Semantic Web-Based Management of Routing Configurations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Today, network operators typically reason about network behaviour by observing the effects of a particular configuration in operation. This configuration process typically involves logging configuration changes and rolling back to a previous version ... Keywords: BGP, Conflict detection, Network management, Policy languages, Routing policy, Semantic web

Félix J. García Clemente; Jose M. Alcaraz Calero; Jorge Bernal Bernabé; Juan Manuel Marín Pérez; Gregorio Martínez Pérez; Antonio F. Gómez Skarmeta

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Contract Database Number: ______________ Boise State University CONTRACT ROUTING FORM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contract Database Number: ______________ Boise State University CONTRACT ROUTING FORM BSU Policy 1030 requires original copies of all contracts meeting certain criteria to be housed in the Archive Library. This form must accompany ALL Contracts submitted to the Office of the General Counsel. Please

Barrash, Warren

268

Secure and robust multipath routings for advanced metering infrastructure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Smart Grid is the modernization of the electricity grid using communication technology with the prime goals of reducing energy consumption as well as cost increasing reliability and creating new services for all participants. It comprises key components ... Keywords: Advanced Metering Infrastructure, Last-mile access, Multipath routing protocols, Security, Smart grid, Wireless mesh network

Binod Vaidya; Dimitrios Makrakis; Hussein Mouftah

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Technology Mapping Targeting Routing Congestion under Delay Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Technology Mapping Targeting Routing Congestion under Delay Constraints Rupesh S. Shelar, Member a serious concern in today's VLSI designs. To address the same, we propose a technology mapping algorithm in a 100 nm technology show that the algorithm can improve track overflows by 59%, on an average

Sapatnekar, Sachin

270

Hamilton-Oxford METRO stops along the route are  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hamilton-Oxford Metro METRO stops along the route are marked with red and white Metro signs. For safety reasons, bus drivers may only pick-up and drop-off at designated bus stops. At Miami Hamilton of University Hall. OUTBOUND BUS STOPS Miami University Hamilton Campus Harry T. Wilks Conference Center

Dollar, Anna

271

Timing-driven routing for symmetrical array-based FPGAs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present a timing-driven router for symmetrical array-based FPGAs. The routing resources in the FPGAs consist of segments of various lengths. Researchers have shown that the number of segments, instead of wirelength, used by a net is ... Keywords: computer-aided design of VLSI, field-programmable gate array, layout, synthesis

Yao-Wen Chang; Kai Zhu; D. F. Wong

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

A comparison of the Internet multicast routing protocols  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The exploding Internet has brought many novel network applications. These include teleconferencing, interactive games, the voice/video phone, real-time multimedia playing, distributed computing, web casting, and so on. One of the specific characteristics ... Keywords: Datagrams, Delivery tree, Multicasting routing protocols

Jhyda Lin; Ruay-Shiung Chang

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

A Mercurial Route to a Cobalt Dihydrogen Complex  

SciTech Connect

Recent results by Heinekey and co-workers provide evidence for an unusual route to a cobalt dihydrogen complex. This work was supported by the US Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences' Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

Bullock, R. Morris

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

274

Directional Routing over Orthogonal Lines: A Performance Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Directional Routing over Orthogonal Lines: A Performance Evaluation Invited Paper Bow-Nan Cheng of Nevada - Reno yuksem@cse.unr.edu Shivkumar Kalyanaraman ECSE Department Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute lines orthogonal to each other at each node, it is possible to provide over 98% connectivity while

Yuksel, Murat

275

.Zonal Rumor Routing for Wireless Sensor Networks Tarun Banka  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P. Jayasumana Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering anura@engr.colostate.edu Colorado algorithms have been developed for sensor networks. Routing algorithms that flood the network with events in network broadcast, is more efficient than the flooding scheme in terms of traffic generated for query

Jayasumana, Anura P.

276

Wet climate and transportation routes accelerate spread of human plague  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...provides new insights on transmission patterns and possible...behind variability in transmission speed, with implications...plague pandemic|spread route|spread velocity...facilitated spatial transmission of infectious diseases...in circles or along lines away from the central...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Jordan Thayer and Wheeler Ruml (UNH) Distance Estimates For Search 1 / 40 Using Distance Estimates In Heuristic Search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jordan Thayer and Wheeler Ruml (UNH) Distance Estimates For Search ­ 1 / 40 Using Distance Estimates In Heuristic Search Jordan T. Thayer and Wheeler Ruml jtd7, ruml at cs.unh.edu slides at: http Search Bounded Suboptimal Anytime Search Summary Backup Slides Jordan Thayer and Wheeler Ruml (UNH

Ruml, Wheeler

278

GRPlacer: improving routability and wire-length of global routing with circuit replacement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Placement profoundly impacts physical design owing to its role in determining the lower bound of a circuit wirelength, as well as the circuit routability. To close the gap between placement and routing, this study integrates global routing and placement ...

Ke-Ren Dai; Chien-Hung Lu; Yih-Lang Li

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Intrinsic Route to Melt Fracture in Polymer Extrusion: AWeakly Nonlinear Subcritical Instability of Viscoelastic Poiseuille Flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intrinsic Route to Melt Fracture in Polymer Extrusion: AWeakly Nonlinear Subcritical Instability generic route to melt fracture via a weakly nonlinear subcritical instability of viscoelastic Poiseuille ``subcritical'') instability due to normal stress effects; this instability appears to make melt fracture

van Saarloos, Wim

280

A Route to Scale up DNA Origami Using DNA Tiles as Folding Staples  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Route to Scale up DNA Origami Using DNA Tiles as Folding Staples Authors: Zhao, Z., Yan, H., and Liu, Y. Title: A Route to Scale up DNA Origami Using DNA Tiles as Folding Staples...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive routing strategy Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

strategy Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Adaptive Cell-Relay Routing Protocol for Mobile ad hoc Networks Summary: . Our ACR protocol can adapt the routing strategy for networks...

282

E-Print Network 3.0 - ad hoc routing Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

routing Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: ad hoc routing Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Sum-of-Sinusoid channel models for wireless...

283

A Physically Based Runoff Routing Model for Land Surface and Earth System Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new physically based runoff routing model, called the Model for Scale Adaptive River Transport (MOSART), has been developed to be applicable across local, regional, and global scales. Within each spatial unit, surface runoff is first routed ...

Hongyi Li; Mark S. Wigmosta; Huan Wu; Maoyi Huang; Yinghai Ke; André M. Coleman; L. Ruby Leung

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

E-Print Network 3.0 - arc routing problem Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: arc routing problem Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 GIS by ESRITM What is ArcGIS Summary: allocation) Solving complex routing problems Querying...

285

A Bandwidth-Based Power-Aware Routing Protocol with Low Route Discovery Overhead in Mobile Ad hoc Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......protocol, where the power consumed by listening to the transmission of a packet is represented...equipped with the IEEE 802.11b wireless device. Measuring the distance-to-bandwidth...equipped with the IEEE 802.11b wireless device. However, if a specific distance is......

Chuan-Chi Weng; Ching-Wen Chen; Chang-Jung Ku; Shiow-Fen Hwang

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Reflection Survey (Majer, 2003) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reflection Survey (Majer, 2003) Reflection Survey (Majer, 2003) Exploration Activity Details Location Unspecified Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes The goal of this work is to evaluate the most promising methods and approaches that may be used for improved geothermal exploration and reservoir assessment. It is not a comprehensive review of all seismic methods used to date in geothermal environments. This work was motivated by a need to assess current and developing seismic technology that if applied in geothermal cases may greatly improve the chances for locating new geothermal resources and/or improve assessment of current ones. References E. L. Majer (2003) 3-D Seismic Methods For Geothermal Reservoir Exploration And Assessment-Summary

287

X-ray induced optical reflectivity  

The change in optical reflectivity induced by intense x-ray pulses can now be used to study ultrafast many body responses in solids in the femtosecond time domain. X-ray absorption creates photoelectrons and core level holes subsequently filled by Auger or fluorescence processes, and these excitations ultimately add conduction and valence band carriers that perturb optical reflectivity.Optical absorption associated with band filling and band gap narrowing is shown to explain the basic features found in recent measurements on an insulator (silicon nitride, Si3N4), a semiconductor(gallium arsenide,GaAs), and a metal (gold,Au), obtained with ?100 fs x-ray pulses at 500-2000 eV and probed with 800 nm laser pulses. In particular GaAs exhibits an abrupt drop in reflectivity, persisting only for a time comparable to the x-ray excitation pulse duration, consistent with prompt band gap narrowing.

Durbin, Stephen M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Pigments which reflect infrared radiation from fire  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Conventional paints transmit or absorb most of the intense infrared (IR) radiation emitted by fire, causing them to contribute to the spread of fire. The present invention comprises a fire retardant paint additive that reflects the thermal IR radiation emitted by fire in the 1 to 20 micrometer (.mu.m) wavelength range. The important spectral ranges for fire control are typically about 1 to about 8 .mu.m or, for cool smoky fires, about 2 .mu.m to about 16 .mu.m. The improved inventive coatings reflect adverse electromagnetic energy and slow the spread of fire. Specific IR reflective pigments include titanium dioxide (rutile) and red iron oxide pigments with diameters of about 1 .mu.m to about 2 .mu.m and thin leafing aluminum flake pigments.

Berdahl, Paul H. (Oakland, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Method of making reflecting film reflector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reflector of the reflecting film type is disclosed and which may be used in a heliostatic system for concentrating solar energy and comprising a reflecting film bonded to an appropriate rigid substrate in such a way that specularity of a very high order is achieved. A method of bonding the reflecting film to the substrate is also disclosed and comprises the steps of initially adhering the film to a smooth, clean flat rigid surface with a non-bonding liquid between the rigid surface and film, and then bonding the substrate and film. The non-bonding liquid has a molecular adhesion greater than any stresses due to handling or curing of the bonding agent which is applied between the film and the opposing surface of the rigid substrate.

Cottingham, James G. (Center Moriches, NY)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Pigments which reflect infrared radiation from fire  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Conventional paints transmit or absorb most of the intense infrared (IR) radiation emitted by fire, causing them to contribute to the spread of fire. The present invention comprises a fire retardant paint additive that reflects the thermal IR radiation emitted by fire in the 1 to 20 micrometer ({micro}m) wavelength range. The important spectral ranges for fire control are typically about 1 to about 8 {micro}m or, for cool smoky fires, about 2 {micro}m to about 16 {micro}m. The improved inventive coatings reflect adverse electromagnetic energy and slow the spread of fire. Specific IR reflective pigments include titanium dioxide (rutile) and red iron oxide pigments with diameters of about 1 {micro}m to about 2 {micro}m and thin leafing aluminum flake pigments. 4 figs.

Berdahl, P.H.

1998-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

291

Reflection Survey (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Laney, 2005) Laney, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Unspecified Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Seismic Imaging, Majer, Gritto and Daley. The project objective includes the development and application of active seismic methods for improved understanding of the subsurface structure, faults, fractures lithology, and fluid paths in geothermal reservoirs. While the objective of the work previous to FY2003 was concerned with the detection and location of faults and fractures based on an existing 3-D seismic data set collected at the Rye Patch geothermal reservoir, the current work was aimed at investigating

292

Emergence of exponentially small reflected waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the time-dependent scattering of a quantum mechanical wave packet at a barrier for energies larger than the barrier height, in the semi-classical regime. More precisely, we are interested in the leading order of the exponentially small scattered part of the wave packet in the semiclassical parameter when the energy density of the incident wave is sharply peaked around some value. We prove that this reflected part has, to leading order, a Gaussian shape centered on the classical trajectory for all times soon after its birth time. We give explicit formulas and rigorous error bounds for the reflected wave for all of these times.

Volker Betz; Alain Joye; Stefan Teufel

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

293

Landmarks in OpenLS --A Data Structure for Cognitive Ergonomic Route Directions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Landmarks in OpenLS -- A Data Structure for Cognitive Ergonomic Route Directions Stefan Hansen1 ergonomic route directions in this article. They try to reduce the cognitive load for the travelers ergonomic route directions. In M. Raubal, H. Miller, A. U. Frank, & M. F. Goodchild (Eds.), GIScience

Bremen, Universität

294

Joint Scheduling, Power Control and Routing in Symmetric, One-dimensional, Multi-hop Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint Scheduling, Power Control and Routing in Symmetric, One-dimensional, Multi-hop Wireless scheduling, routing and power control that achieves max-min fair rate allocation in a multi-hop wireless that a traditional layering network approach, separating routing, scheduling, flow and power control

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

295

FastRoute: An efficient and high-quality global , Yanheng Zhang3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

measured at the edges of global routing grids but also minimize the total wirelength and via usage, which1 FastRoute: An efficient and high-quality global router Min Pan1 , Yue Xu2 , Yanheng Zhang3--Modern large-scale circuit designs have created great demand for fast and high-quality global routing

Chu, Chris C.-N.

296

A New Algorithm for Standard Cell Global Routing Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% reduction in the total channel density compared to the Timberwolf 4.2 package. Keywords: Global routingA New Algorithm for Standard Cell Global Routing Jason Cong Department of Computer Science for standard cell global routing. The algorithm considers all of the interconnection nets simultaneously

Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"

297

Route Optimization based on ND-Proxy for Mobile Nodes in IPv6 Mobile Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Route Optimization based on ND-Proxy for Mobile Nodes in IPv6 Mobile Networks Jaehoon Jeong- bile nodes in IPv6 mobile network to perform route optimization. The route optimization is possible because mobile router provides the prefix of its care-of address for its mobile nodes by playing the role

Jeong, Jaehoon "Paul"

298

ROSA: Distributed Joint Routing and Dynamic Spectrum Allocation in Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ROSA: Distributed Joint Routing and Dynamic Spectrum Allocation in Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks opportunistic spectrum access and dynamic routing algorithm for cognitive radio networks is proposed, called Keywords Cognitive Radio Networks, routing, dynamic spectrum allocation, cross-layer design 1. INTRODUCTION

Melodia, Tommaso

299

Design of Bandwidth Aware and Congestion Avoiding Efficient Routing Algorithms for Networks-on-Chip Platforms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we demonstrate that it is possible to design highly efficient application specific routing algorithms which distribute traffic more uniformly by using information regarding applications communication behavior (communication topology and ... Keywords: Network on Chip, Routing Algorithm, Router Design, Deadlock, Application Specific Routing, Congestion.

Maurizio Palesi; Giuseppe Longo; Salvatore Signorino; Rickard Holsmark; Shashi Kumar; Vincenzo Catania

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

SHARP: A Hybrid Adaptive Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SHARP: A Hybrid Adaptive Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Venugopalan Ramasubramanian@ece.cornell.edu, egs@cs.cornell.edu} ABSTRACT A central challenge in ad hoc networks is the design of rout- ing--Routing Protocols General Terms Design, Performance Keywords Hybrid, Adaptive, Ad Hoc Networks This work

Keinan, Alon

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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301

SafeGuard: Safe Forwarding during Route Changes Dept. of Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SafeGuard: Safe Forwarding during Route Changes Ang Li Dept. of Computer Science Duke University the design and evaluation of SafeGuard, an intra-domain routing system that can safely forward packets to their destinations even when routes are changing. SafeGuard is based on the simple idea that packets carry

Yang, Xiaowei

302

A TMN system for VPC and routing management in ATM networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A TMN system for VPC and routing management in ATM networks D. P. Griffin Institute of Computer, these parameters and subsequently the routes based on them can be configured on-line by a management system and Routing management system is required to take advantage of the features of VPCs while ensuring

Griffin, David

303

Energy-Efficient Multiple Routing Trees for Aggregate Query Evaluation in Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy-Efficient Multiple Routing Trees for Aggregate Query Evaluation in Sensor Networks Yuzhen is of paramount importance. Energy-efficient routing trees built for in-network pro- cessing play a central role multiple routing trees in sensor networks for the evaluation of a class of aggre- gate queries including

Liang, Weifa

304

A Multipath Energy-Aware On demand Source Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to re-establish broken routes. Thus, a considerable global energy gain can be achieved by minimizing. The choice of the primary route in MEA-DSR is conditioned by two factors: 1) the residual energy of nodesA Multipath Energy-Aware On demand Source Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks S. Chettibi

Boyer, Edmond

305

Network Routing Application Programmer's Interface (API) and Walk Through 9.0.1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Network Routing Application Programmer's Interface (API) and Walk Through 9.0.1 Fabio Silva, John be accommodated with the same Network Routing API. An earlier version of this API was used by both network routing of this document describes the current API as used by the SCADDS implemen- tation. In addition to the Publish

Heidemann, John

306

~O(Congestion + Dilation) Hot-Potato Routing on Leveled Networks Costas Busch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

~O(Congestion + Dilation) Hot-Potato Routing on Leveled Networks Costas Busch Rensselaer that matches the lower bound (C + D). Motivated from optical networks, we study the extreme case of hot-potato routing in which the nodes are bufferless. In hot-potato routing, packets may be unable to follow

Busch, Konstantin "Costas"

307

A Hardware Multicast Routing Algorithm for TwoDimensional Prasant Mohapatra and Vara Varavithya  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by their inclusion in the message pass­ ing interface (MPI) standards [3]. Examples of collec­ tive operationsA Hardware Multicast Routing Algorithm for Two­Dimensional Meshes Prasant Mohapatra and Vara routing algorithm for two­dimensional meshes. The algorithm uses worm­ hole routing mechanism and can send

Mohapatra, Prasant

308

Energy efficient wireless unicast routing alternatives for machine-to-machine networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review Energy efficient wireless unicast routing alternatives for machine-to-machine networks Neyre into shortest-path based energy-efficient routing alternatives to provide a reference for system designers. Next, a detailed account of energy-efficient unicast routing alternatives, with a particular focus

Uysal-Biyikoglu, Elif

309

An On-demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An On-demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network Sheetalkumar Doshi of an on-demand minimum energy routing protocol and suggests mechanisms for their imple- mentation. We of an on-demand minimum energy routing protocol in terms of energy savings with an existing on-demand ad

310

An On-demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An On-demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network Sheetalkumar Doshi the necessary features of an on-demand minimum energy routing protocol and suggests mechanisms the performance of an on-demand minimum energy routing protocol in terms of energy savings with an existing on

Brown, Timothy X.

311

Reflections on layers of the ionosphere, reflections on ionised meteorite trails,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 1.0 Theoretical point of view 1.1 Is a flash of lightning able to reflect radio waves? Any ionised a reflection of VHF or UHF radio waves. A lightning flash ionised channel can be several kilometres long [6 from a flash of lightning? A CC or a CG lightning flash is com- posed of several phases

Boyer, Edmond

312

Electrochromic window with high reflectivity modulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multi-layered, active, thin film, solid-state electrochromic device having a high reflectivity in the near infrared in a colored state, a high reflectivity and transmissivity modulation when switching between colored and bleached states, a low absorptivity in the near infrared, and fast switching times, and methods for its manufacture and switching are provided. In one embodiment, a multi-layered device comprising a first indium tin oxide transparent electronic conductor, a transparent ion blocking layer, a tungsten oxide electrochromic anode, a lithium ion conducting-electrically resistive electrolyte, a complimentary lithium mixed metal oxide electrochromic cathode, a transparent ohmic contact layer, a second indium oxide transparent electronic conductor, and a silicon nitride encapsulant is provided. Through elimination of optional intermediate layers, simplified device designs are provided as alternative embodiments. Typical colored-state reflectivity of the multi-layered device is greater than 50% in the near infrared, bleached-state reflectivity is less than 40% in the visible, bleached-state transmissivity is greater than 60% in the near infrared and greater than 40% in the visible, and spectral absorbance is less than 50% in the range from 0.65-2.5 .mu.m.

Goldner, Ronald B. (Lexington, MA); Gerouki, Alexandra (Medford, MA); Liu, Te-Yang (Arlington, MA); Goldner, Mark A. (Cambridge, MA); Haas, Terry E. (Southborough, MA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Land Surface Reflectance: A Possible Earth Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are in magenta, water bodies are outlined in white. MODIS Surface Reflectance South Africa From: E. Vermote, UMD information ­ Viewing geometry (view and solar zenith and azimuth angles) ­ Geolocation (lat 15, 2005 - Wolfe - San Diego 5 Target Communities · Land earth science community ­ Energy Balance

314

Image Segmentation Using Active Contours and Evidential Distance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We proposed a new segmentation based on Active Contours (AC) for vector-valued image that incorporates evidential distance. The proposed method combine both Belief Functions (BFs) and probability functions in ...

Foued Derraz; Antonio Pinti…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Verification of speckle contrast measurement interrelation with observation distance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The speckle contrasts of two types of laser projectors were measured at various observation distances and observation lens pinhole diameters using a quantitative measurement technique. We found that the speckl...

Koji Suzuki; Tatsuo Fukui; Shigeo Kubota; Yasunori Furukawa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Cepheid Variables and their Application to the Cosmological Distance Scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the current era of “precision cosmology”, measuring the expansion rate of the Universe (Hubble constant, or H0) more accurately and precisely helps to better constrain the properties of dark energy. Cepheid-based distances are a critical step...

Hoffmann, Samantha L

2013-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

317

TOWARD THE MINIMUM INNER EDGE DISTANCE OF THE HABITABLE ZONE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the minimum distance from a host star where an exoplanet could potentially be habitable in order not to discard close-in rocky exoplanets for follow-up observations. We find that the inner edge of the Habitable ...

Zsom, Andras

318

Propagation of Audio-Frequency Radio Waves to Great Distances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... distances from the source clearly showed that the main concentration of energy lay in the audio-frequency band below 10 kc./s. and that the higher-frequency components moved forward ... selective absorption, which, together with the low attenuation at the extreme ends of the audio-frequency range, accounts for the observed long-distance propagation characteristics of atmospherics1. As is ...

F. W. CHAPMAN; R. C. V. MACARIO

1956-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

319

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

320

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

322

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

323

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

324

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

325

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

326

Routing with Mutual Information Accumulation in Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate optimal routing and scheduling strategies for multi-hop wireless networks with rateless codes. Rateless codes allow each node of the network to accumulate mutual information with every packet transmission. This enables a significant performance gain over conventional shortest path routing. Further, it also outperforms cooperative communication techniques that are based on energy accumulation. However, it creates complex and combinatorial networking decisions concerning which nodes participate in transmission, and which decode ordering to use. We formulate the general problem as a combinatorial optimization problem and then make use of several structural properties to simplify the solution and derive an optimal greedy algorithm. Although the reduced problem still has exponential complexity, using the insight obtained from the optimal solution to a line network, we propose two simple heuristics that can be implemented in polynomial time in a distributed fashion and compare them with the optimal s...

Urgaonkar, Rahul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Route to, and control of chaos in multidimensional systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

December 1999 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering ROUTE TO, AND CONTROL OF CHAOS IN MULTIDIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS A Thesis by KARIM SHAFIK ZAKI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: Sherif Noa (Chair of Committee) Prabir Daripa (Member) Arun Srinivasa (Member) S ada Jayasuria (Head of Department) December 1999 Major Subject: Mechanical...

Zaki, Karim Shafik

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

328

The Route of Early Nutrition in Critical Illness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ill patients without contraindications to either route of delivery. This trial, commissioned and sponsored by the Health Technology Assessment Program of the National Institute for Health Research, was pragmatic in design and conduct. To maximize the detection of differences between groups, investigators... Randomized trials may be broadly categorized as explanatory or pragmatic. Explanatory trials address the question, ``Can this intervention work under ideal conditions?” Pragmatic trials ask, ``Does this intervention work under usual conditions?'' Usual ...

Cook D.; Arabi Y.

2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

329

Catheter based mid-infrared reflectance and reflectance generated absorption spectroscopy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of characterizing conditions in a tissue, by (a) providing a catheter that has a light source that emits light in selected wavenumbers within the range of mid-IR spectrum; (b) directing the light from the catheter to an area of tissue at a location inside a blood vessel of a subject; (c) collecting light reflected from the location and generating a reflectance spectra; and (d) comparing the reflectance spectra to a reference spectra of normal tissue, whereby a location having an increased number of absorbance peaks at said selected wavenumbers indicates a tissue inside the blood vessel containing a physiological marker for atherosclerosis.

Holman, Hoi-Ying N

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

330

Amartya Sen: Reflections on Theory in the Social Sciences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Amartya Sen: Reflections on Theory in the Social Scienceswelcomes Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen, Lamont University

Kreisler, Harry

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print Wednesday, 24 February 2010 00:00 If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important advance toward this goal has been achieved by researchers who have found a simple and yet powerfully robust way to induce nanoparticles to assemble themselves into complex arrays. By adding specific types of small molecules to mixtures of nanoparticles and polymers, they were able to direct the self-assembly of the nanoparticles into arrays of one, two, and even three dimensions with no chemical modification of either the nanoparticles or the block copolymers. In addition, the application of external stimuli, such as light and/or heat, can be used to further direct the assemblies of nanoparticles for even finer and more complex structural details, a result verified by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) at the ALS.

332

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Wednesday, 29 August 2012 00:00 Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

333

V-022: Attachmate Reflection Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Attachmate Reflection Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities 2: Attachmate Reflection Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities V-022: Attachmate Reflection Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities November 13, 2012 - 1:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Attachmate Reflection Products Java Multiple Vulnerabilities PLATFORM: Reflection X 2011 Reflection Suite for X 2011 Reflection for Secure IT Server for Windows Reflection for Secure IT Client and Server for UNIX ABSTRACT: Security issues related to Reflection PKI Services Manager REFERENCE LINKS: PKI Services Manager Technical Note 2560 Secunia Advisory SA51256 CVE-2012-0551 CVE-2012-1711 CVE-2012-1713 CVE-2012-1716 CVE-2012-1717 CVE-2012-1718 CVE-2012-1719 CVE-2012-1720 CVE-2012-1721 CVE-2012-1722 CVE-2012-1723 CVE-2012-1724 CVE-2012-1725 CVE-2012-1726 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High DISCUSSION: Attachmate has acknowledged multiple vulnerabilities in some Reflection

334

U.S. Reflects World Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: U.S. crude oil inventories reflect the world situation. U.S. inventories were drawn down in 1999 as world demand exceeded world supply of crude oil as OPEC cut back on production. Low crude oil inventories go hand in hand with low product inventories. Product inventories were also drawn down to help meet demand, as was seen with gasoline this Spring. The rise in crude oil inventories earlier this year, while indicating an improvement in the market balance, appears to be short-lived, just as we had predicted a few months ago. Looking at U.S. crude stock levels in April and May can be misleading, since increases then were more reflective of the surge in WTI and U.S. product prices in the 1st quarter. With U.S. crude oil stocks drawn down by more than 20 million barrels from

335

Reflection of Anatolian Culture in Poster Design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract ‘Visual’ in ‘visual culture’ can be defined as “everything that is visual, functional, communicational and/or having aesthetic purpose produced, interpreted or formed by people” (Barnard, 2002; 34). Accordingly poster is not only a tool that transmits a message, information or that introduces or advertises a product but also a visual cultural element. Just like other visual cultural elements, poster as well is in interaction with the society. In this two way interaction while society's culture, political and social perceptions, level of education, aesthetic tastes influence the production process of the poster, the posters too influence and transform the society. Poster artists and designers are producing studies sometimes affected by the society that they are within, and also sometimes intentionally reflecting the culture of the society that they are addressing. In this context in this study, reflections of the Anatolian culture in poster designs will be examined with visual examples.

Banu ?nanç Uyan Dur

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Global cooling updates: Reflective roofs and pavements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With increasing the solar reflectance of urban surfaces, the outflow of short-wave solar radiation increases, less solar heat energy is absorbed leading to lower surface temperatures and reduced outflow of thermal radiation into the atmosphere. This process of “negative radiative forcing” effectively counters global warming. Cool roofs also reduce cooling-energy use in air conditioned buildings and increase comfort in unconditioned buildings; and cool roofs and cool pavements mitigate summer urban heat islands, improving outdoor air quality and comfort. Installing cool roofs and cool pavements in cities worldwide is a compelling win–win–win activity that can be undertaken immediately, outside of international negotiations to cap CO2 emissions. We review the status of cool roof and cool pavements technologies, policies, and programs in the U.S., Europe, and Asia. We propose an international campaign to use solar reflective materials when roofs and pavements are built or resurfaced in temperate and tropical regions.

Hashem Akbari; H. Damon Matthews

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Fr219, a transitional reflection asymmetric nucleus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mass-separated sources of Ac223 (separated as AcF2+) were used to study the level structure of Fr219 following alpha decay. The levels in Fr219 are interpreted in terms of K=1/2±, 3/2±, and 5/2± parity doublet bands which have a natural theoretical explanation in terms of reflection asymmetric models. The 9/2- ground-state member of the K=1/2- band in Fr219 can be understood in terms of both reflection asymmetry and the collapse of the quadrupole-octupole Nilsson orbitals towards the h9/2 orbitals of spherical symmetry. Comparison of the K=1/2- ground-state bands in Fr219 and Fr221 reveals the details of this transformation. Theoretical analysis of the microscopic structure of several of the positive-parity bands indicates the presence of important Nilsson configurations arising from the shell below.

C. F. Liang; P. Paris; J. Kvasil; R. K. Sheline

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Reflections on Cambridge: Reflections on Isaac Newton, discovery and Cambridge - with apple tree  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reflections about the life and effects of Isaac Newton in Cambridge, filmed outside Trinity College, with the descendant of his apple tree behind (and the rooms where he lived and worked). Filmed by Xu Bei in 2009....

Macfarlane, Alan

339

Compact reflective imaging spectrometer utilizing immersed gratings  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact imaging spectrometer comprising an entrance slit for directing light, a first mirror that receives said light and reflects said light, an immersive diffraction grating that diffracts said light, a second mirror that focuses said light, and a detector array that receives said focused light. The compact imaging spectrometer can be utilized for remote sensing imaging spectrometers where size and weight are of primary importance.

Chrisp, Michael P. (Danville, CA)

2006-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

340

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print Wednesday, 26 October 2011 00:00 The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has led to an outburst of research activities in the field of lensless imaging. XFELs combine the advantages of sychrotron light sources (high brightness and x-ray wavelengths relevant to atomic and molecular phenomena) with the advantages of visible-light lasers (highly coherent beams). All of these characteristics are important for coherent x-ray diffraction imaging-lensless imaging techniques that are proving to be integral to single-shot, high-resolution imaging of both complex materials and biological samples. Existing techniques are typically designed for transmission geometry, however, and use isolated objects, requiring special sample fabrication and restricting the type of samples under investigation. Recently, researchers from the ALS and the University of Oregon have shown at ALS Beamline 12.0.2 that it is possible to form x-ray holograms in reflection geometry by using the light scattered from a sample, opening the door to lensless imaging of a wealth of new material samples.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has led to an outburst of research activities in the field of lensless imaging. XFELs combine the advantages of sychrotron light sources (high brightness and x-ray wavelengths relevant to atomic and molecular phenomena) with the advantages of visible-light lasers (highly coherent beams). All of these characteristics are important for coherent x-ray diffraction imaging-lensless imaging techniques that are proving to be integral to single-shot, high-resolution imaging of both complex materials and biological samples. Existing techniques are typically designed for transmission geometry, however, and use isolated objects, requiring special sample fabrication and restricting the type of samples under investigation. Recently, researchers from the ALS and the University of Oregon have shown at ALS Beamline 12.0.2 that it is possible to form x-ray holograms in reflection geometry by using the light scattered from a sample, opening the door to lensless imaging of a wealth of new material samples.

342

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has led to an outburst of research activities in the field of lensless imaging. XFELs combine the advantages of sychrotron light sources (high brightness and x-ray wavelengths relevant to atomic and molecular phenomena) with the advantages of visible-light lasers (highly coherent beams). All of these characteristics are important for coherent x-ray diffraction imaging-lensless imaging techniques that are proving to be integral to single-shot, high-resolution imaging of both complex materials and biological samples. Existing techniques are typically designed for transmission geometry, however, and use isolated objects, requiring special sample fabrication and restricting the type of samples under investigation. Recently, researchers from the ALS and the University of Oregon have shown at ALS Beamline 12.0.2 that it is possible to form x-ray holograms in reflection geometry by using the light scattered from a sample, opening the door to lensless imaging of a wealth of new material samples.

343

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has led to an outburst of research activities in the field of lensless imaging. XFELs combine the advantages of sychrotron light sources (high brightness and x-ray wavelengths relevant to atomic and molecular phenomena) with the advantages of visible-light lasers (highly coherent beams). All of these characteristics are important for coherent x-ray diffraction imaging-lensless imaging techniques that are proving to be integral to single-shot, high-resolution imaging of both complex materials and biological samples. Existing techniques are typically designed for transmission geometry, however, and use isolated objects, requiring special sample fabrication and restricting the type of samples under investigation. Recently, researchers from the ALS and the University of Oregon have shown at ALS Beamline 12.0.2 that it is possible to form x-ray holograms in reflection geometry by using the light scattered from a sample, opening the door to lensless imaging of a wealth of new material samples.

344

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has led to an outburst of research activities in the field of lensless imaging. XFELs combine the advantages of sychrotron light sources (high brightness and x-ray wavelengths relevant to atomic and molecular phenomena) with the advantages of visible-light lasers (highly coherent beams). All of these characteristics are important for coherent x-ray diffraction imaging-lensless imaging techniques that are proving to be integral to single-shot, high-resolution imaging of both complex materials and biological samples. Existing techniques are typically designed for transmission geometry, however, and use isolated objects, requiring special sample fabrication and restricting the type of samples under investigation. Recently, researchers from the ALS and the University of Oregon have shown at ALS Beamline 12.0.2 that it is possible to form x-ray holograms in reflection geometry by using the light scattered from a sample, opening the door to lensless imaging of a wealth of new material samples.

345

A Distributed Coverage-Preserving Multipath Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks Vijay Ponduru, Dipak Ghosal, and Biswanath Mukherjee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

routing algorithms have been proposed that conserve energy while increasing the lifetime of routes-selection algorithms. Several routing algorithms have been proposed that conserve energy while increasing the lifetime is sparse, coverage needs to be preserved by using energy-efficient route-selection algorithms. Several

Ghosal, Dipak

346

Dynamics of Hot-Potato Routing in IP Networks Renata Teixeira Aman Shaikh Tim Griffin Jennifer Rexford  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamics of Hot-Potato Routing in IP Networks Renata Teixeira Aman Shaikh Tim Griffin Jennifer, based on the intrado- main path cost. Under such hot-potato routing, an intradomain event can trigger BGP routing changes. To characterize the influ- ence of hot-potato routing, we conduct controlled

Zhou, Yuanyuan

347

FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools Jump to: navigation, search Logo: FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools Name FastMeasure Distance Measuring Tools Address 2890 Cherokee Lane Place Riverwoods, Illinois Zip 60015 Sector Vehicles Product Distance Measuring Instrument Year founded 2008 Number of employees 11-50 Phone number (888) 876-6050 Website http://www.fast-measure.com Coordinates 42.181686°, -87.898862° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.181686,"lon":-87.898862,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

348

CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar February 2, 2011 - 10:00am Addthis April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs CAKE. Whether it takes the form of cupcakes, birthday cake, the ever-popular cheesecake or even gluten-free - it unfailingly brightens up almost anyone's day. CAKE the band, however, has taken the sweetness to another level with their newest album Showroom of Compassion, which was produced using 100 percent solar energy. The group formed in 1991 and took the Northern California music scene by storm in the mid-nineties. Since then, they've become internationally renowned headliners. Earlier this month, CAKE released their sixth album, recorded in a studio in Sacramento powered entirely by solar power.

349

Determination of the Solar Galactocentric distance from masers kinemics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have determined the Galactic rotation parameters and the solar Galactocentric distance $R_0$ by simultaneously solving Bottlinger's kinematic equations using data on masers with known line-of-sight velocities and highly accurate trigonometric parallaxes and proper motions measured by VLBI. Our sample includes 93 masers spanning the range of Galactocentric distances R from 3 to 15 kpc. The solutions found are \\Omega_0 = 29.7+/-0.5 km s^{-1} kpc^{-1}, \\Omega'_0 = -4.20+/-0.11 km s^{-1} kpc^{-2}, \\Omega"_0 =0.730+/-0.029 km s^{-1} kpc^{-3}, and R_0=8.03+/-0.12 kpc. In this case, the linear rotation velocity at the solar distance R_0 is V_0=238+/-6 km s^{-1}.

Bajkova, A T

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Choosing good distance metrics and local planners for probabilistic roadmap motion planning methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, particularly probabilistic roadmap methods. Our study of distance metrics showed that the importance of the translational distance increased relative to the rotational distance as the environment become more crowded. We find that each local planner makes some...

Bayazit, Osman Burchan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

351

Evidence against correlations between nuclear decay rates and Earth-Sun distance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distance of the source to the Sun. This work was supportedNuclear Decay Rates and Earth-Sun Distance Eric B. Normanand 241 Am and the Earth-Sun distance. We find no evidence

Norman, Eric B.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Small distance expansion for radiative heat transfer between curved objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a small distance expansion for the radiative heat transfer between gently curved objects, in terms of the ratio of distance to radius of curvature. A gradient expansion allows us to go beyond the lowest order proximity transfer approximation. The range of validity of such expansion depends on temperature as well as material properties. Generally, the expansion converges faster for the derivative of the transfer than for the transfer itself, which we use by introducing a near-field adjusted plot. For the case of a sphere and a plate, the logarithmic correction to the leading term has a very small prefactor for all materials investigated.

Vladyslav A. Golyk; Matthias Krüger; Alexander P. McCauley; Mehran Kardar

2012-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

353

Distance relay application testing using a digital simulator  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on distance relay application testing using simulated transient waveforms. Power system modeling and test procedure for using modern digital simulators are presented. Extensive study of five commercial relays comparing the application for a 345kV transmission line is carried out by performing thousands of one-terminal and synchronized two-terminal transient tests. The approach using digital simulators has proved to be an efficient technique. This paper presents a methodology for evaluating distance relay transient performance based on extensive laboratory testing. Important issues regarding application testing, such as CT and CCVT effects and selection of prefault waveform length, are also addressed and investigated in this paper.

Kezunovic, M.; Xia, Y.Q.; Guo, Y. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)] [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Fromen, C.W.; Sevcik, D.R. [Houston Lighting and Power Co., TX (United States)] [Houston Lighting and Power Co., TX (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Photodetachment of H$^{-}$ near a partial reflecting surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theoretical and interpretative study on the subject of photodetachment of H$^{-}$ near a partial reflecting surface is presented, and the absorption effect of the surface is investigated on the total and differential cross sections using a theoretical imaging method. To understand the absorption effect, a reflection parameter $K$ is introduced as a multiplicative factor to the outgoing detached-electron wave of H$^-$ propagating toward the wall. The reflection parameter measures, how much electron wave would reflect from the surface; K=0 corresponds to no reflection and K=1 corresponds to the total reflection.

A. Afaq

2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

355

Meta-Sociology: Doings and Reflections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and to participate. '. "Lik I have called my remarks "Meta-Sociology: Doings and ReflectIo~s. LI e many of you, I am not quite sure what "meta" means, but, kn?Wlng t~at George Ritzer was going to address ~ relate~ theme, I was depending o~ him to give you the in... undergraduate degree ~~ . How can I make you understand what the first few days and weeks 10 Lawrence meant to me? It was my first time living apart from my family; it was my first museum; my first art. gallery. It was my. first e?'P0sure.to .live classical...

Scott, W. Richard

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Reflective echo tomographic imaging using acoustic beams  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An inspection system includes a plurality of acoustic beamformers, where each of the plurality of acoustic beamformers including a plurality of acoustic transmitter elements. The system also includes at least one controller configured for causing each of the plurality of acoustic beamformers to generate an acoustic beam directed to a point in a volume of interest during a first time. Based on a reflected wave intensity detected at a plurality of acoustic receiver elements, an image of the volume of interest can be generated.

Kisner, Roger; Santos-Villalobos, Hector J

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

357

Reflectivity of Shock Compressed Xenon Plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental results for the reflection coefficient of shock-compressed dense Xenon plasmas at pressures of 1.6 - 17 GPa and temperatures around 30 000 K using a laser beam with \\lambda = 1.06 10^-6 m are compared with calculations based on different theoretical approaches to the dynamical collision frequency. It is found that a reasonable description can be given assuming a spatial electron density profile corresponding to a finite width of the shock wave front of about $2 10^-6 m.

Reinholz, H; Wierling, A; Mintsev, V; Gryaznov, V

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Development of a cell-based stream flow routing model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

al. (1994) developed a 2.00x2.50 resolution river routing model for a number of World Rivers, coupled with an atmospheric-ocean model. The GCM of NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) (Hansen et al., 1983) was used to calculate the runoff... resolution of 2.00 X 2.50 using the coarse river network developed by Miller et al. (1994). Input to each of the grid cell was derived from the improved GISS GCM (Hansen et al., 1983), which improved the model prediction of discharge. Costa and Foley (1997...

Raina, Rajeev

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

359

Routes to spatiotemporal chaos in Kerr optical frequency combs  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the various routes to spatiotemporal chaos in Kerr optical frequency combs, obtained through pumping an ultra-high Q-factor whispering-gallery mode resonator with a continuous-wave laser. The Lugiato–Lefever model is used to build bifurcation diagrams with regards to the parameters that are externally controllable, namely, the frequency and the power of the pumping laser. We show that the spatiotemporal chaos emerging from Turing patterns and solitons display distinctive dynamical features. Experimental spectra of chaotic Kerr combs are also presented for both cases, in excellent agreement with theoretical spectra.

Coillet, Aurélien; Chembo, Yanne K., E-mail: yanne.chembo@femto-st.fr [Optics Department, FEMTO-ST Institute CNRS UMR6174, 16 Route de Gray, 25030 Besançon cedex (France)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

360

EA-0904: Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area Hanford  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area 4: Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area Hanford Site, Richland, Washington EA-0904: Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area Hanford Site, Richland, Washington SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to construct an access road on the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site in Richland, Washington, from State Route 240 to Beloit Avenue in the 200 West Area. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD March 10, 1994 EA-0904: Finding of No Significant Impact Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area Hanford Site, Richland, Washington March 10, 1994 EA-0904: Final Environmental Assessment Access Road from State Route 240 to the 200 West Area Hanford Site,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Routing approach based on rate of transmission failure in ZigBee networks with changing mobility  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose and evaluate a Transmission Failure Based Routing Algorithm (TFBRA) for low power consumption in ZigBee networks with changing mobility. We analyse the traffic with different routing algorithms which are stated in ZigBee specification. The effects of different factors on data communication are discussed. As the variation of mobility results in changing possibility of sending routing request as well as varying routing performance, the probability of transmission failure in one hop is used to describe node mobility. The TFBRA compares this rate with the threshold which is computed based on hardware condition to decide the routing scheme in ZigBee network. The scheme utilises the information in neighbour table and network address for mobility estimation without any extra communication. The simulation results show that the proposed approach achieves better performance than original routing schemes in ZigBee specification by obtaining lower network load and larger ratio of successful data transmission.

Jiasong Mu; Baoju Zhang; Wei Wang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Development of the table of initial isolation distances and protective action distances for the 2004 emergency response guidebook.  

SciTech Connect

This report provides technical documentation for values in the Table of Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances (PADs) in the 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG2004). The objective for choosing the PADs specified in the ERG2004 is to balance the need to adequately protect the public from exposure to potentially harmful substances against the risks and expenses that could result from overreacting to a spill. To quantify this balance, a statistical approach is adopted, whereby the best available information is used to conduct an accident scenario analysis and develop a set of up to 1,000,000 hypothetical incidents. The set accounts for differences in containers types, incident types, accident severity (i.e., amounts released), locations, times of day, times of year, and meteorological conditions. Each scenario is analyzed using detailed emission rate and atmospheric dispersion models to calculate the downwind chemical concentrations from which a 'safe distance' is determined. The safe distance is defined as the distance downwind from the source at which the chemical concentration falls below health protection criteria. The American Industrial Hygiene Association's Emergency Response Planning Guideline Level 2 (ERPG-2) or equivalent is the health criteria used. The statistical sample of safe distance values for all incidents considered in the analysis are separated into four categories: small spill/daytime release, small spill/nighttime release, large spill/daytime release, and large spill/nighttime release. The 90th-percentile safe distance values for each of these groups became the PADs that appear in the ERG2004.

Brown, D. F.; Freeman, W. A.; Carhart, R. A.; Krumpolc, M.; Decision and Information Sciences; Univ. of Illinois at Chicago

2005-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

363

Titre : Aide visuelle pour la prvention des sorties de route Date : 15/12/2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sorties de route partenaire ARCOS Fichier : 8 pages Projet G2 $LGH 9LVXHOOH SRXU OD 3UpYHQWLRQ GHV 6RUWLHV, Stéphane Espié (INRETS, Arcueil) #12; ¢¡¤£¢¥¤¦ Version : V1.0 Sortiesde Route $LGH YLVXHOOH SRXU OD SUp URXWH #12; ¢¡¤£¢¥¤¦ Version : V1.0 Sortiesde Route $LGH YLVXHOOH SRXU OD SUpYHQWLRQ GHV VRUWLHV GH URXWH

364

The long-period Galactic Cepheid RS Puppis - III. A geometric distance from HST polarimetric imaging of its light echoes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As one of the most luminous Cepheids in the Milky Way, the 41.5-day RS Puppis is an analog of the long-period Cepheids used to measure extragalactic distances. An accurate distance to this star would therefore help anchor the zero-point of the bright end of the period-luminosity relation. But, at a distance of about 2 kpc, RS Pup is too far away for measuring a direct trigonometric parallax with a precision of a few percent with existing instrumentation. RS Pup is unique in being surrounded by a reflection nebula, whose brightness varies as pulses of light from the Cepheid propagate outwards. We present new polarimetric imaging of the nebula obtained with HST/ACS. The derived map of the degree of linear polarization pL allows us to reconstruct the three-dimensional structure of the dust distribution. To retrieve the scattering angle from the pL value, we consider two different polarization models, one based on a Milky Way dust mixture and one assuming Rayleigh scattering. Considering the derived dust distribu...

Kervella, P; Cracraft, M; Szabados, L; Breitfelder, J; Mérand, A; Sparks, W B; Gallenne, A; Bersier, D; Fouqué, P; Anderson, R I

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

The Exemplar Breakpoint Distance for nontrivial genomes cannot be approximated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Exemplar Breakpoint Distance for non­trivial genomes cannot be approximated Guillaume Blin 1 ­ France guillaume.fertin@univ­nantes.fr Abstract. A promising and active field of comparative genomics con­ sists in comparing two genomes by establishing a one­to­one correspon­ dence (i.e., a matching) between

Fertin, Guillaume

366

Of mice and men: Algorithms for evolutionary distances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Of mice and men: Algorithms for evolutionary distances between genomes with translocation \\Lambda is combinatorial algorithms for genome rear­ rangement. In the course of its evolution, the genome of an organism is to determine the minimum number of such events that transform one genome to another. This number is called

Kececioglu, John

367

A Formal Approach to Distance-Bounding RFID Protocols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kasper2 Cristina Onete1 1 Darmstadt University of Technology & CASED, Germany www.minicrypt.de 2 Fraunhofer Institute for Secure Information Technology (SIT) and CASED, Germany Abstract. Distance one or two such threats, but no rigorous cryptographic security models --nor clean security proofs

368

Labeling trees with a condition at distance two  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For positive integers j ? k, an L(j, k)-labeling of graph G is an integer labeling of V(G) such that adjacent vertices receive labels which differ by at least j, and vertices that are distance two apart receive ... Keywords: ?j,k-labeling, infinite regular tree, vertex labeling

John P. Georges; David W. Mauro

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Defense from a distance ORNL robotics sensors detect underwater  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SCIENCE Defense from a distance ORNL robotics sensors detect underwater explosive ordnance Modern of the future are not human oriented, but robotics oriented. For robots to perform their mission of safety at the forefront of robotics design, these are the droids we are looking for. ­Dylan Platz Karnowski analyzes

Pennycook, Steve

370

SMART DISTANCE KEEPING: MODELING AND PERSPECTIVES FOR EMBEDDED DIAGNOSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a Renault-Volvo Trucks vehicle. One of the main differences between this new system, which is called is the distance between the vehicle (with the ACC or the SDK system) and the front obstacle (which may of a detection and isolation strategy for some of the possible faults that may be produced on the system

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

371

1 Introduction The Euclidean distance map (EDM) of a black  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the near­ est black pixel. The EDM plays an important role in machine vision, pattern recognitionTitle page 1 #12; 1 Introduction The Euclidean distance map (EDM) of a black and white n 2 n binary, and robotics[9]. Many algorithms have been proposed for com­ puting the EDM. Yamada[10] presented an EDM

Fujiwara, Akihiro

372

GIS IN SOIL & WATER SCIENCE Distance Education Sections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is and what it can do. Work with and create GIS maps in ArcMap. Access and query a GIS database. Describe a dataset. Query and analyze GIS data. Create presentation-quality maps and graphs DELIVERY MODE: · CourseSWS 4720C GIS IN SOIL & WATER SCIENCE Distance Education Sections Fall 2013 Instructor Susan Curry

Ma, Lena

373

Computing the edit-distance between unrooted ordered trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In B, contract the edge x, and then change labels u; v; w;y; z to f; h; a; c; e. On the topComputing the edit-distance between unrooted ordered trees Philip N. Klein ? Department of Computer

Klein, Philip N.

374

Native 10Gigabit Ethernet experiments over long distances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The current solutions for transmitting data over Wide Area Networks (WANs) are expensive and require protocol translation at layer 1. The IEEE recently standardized the 10Gigabit Ethernet (10GE) WAN PHY as a native gateway from the Local Area Networks ... Keywords: 10Gigabit Ethernet, Long-distance TCP, SONET/SDH, WAN PHY

Catalin Meirosu; Piotr Golonka; Andreas Hirstius; Stefan Stancu; Bob Dobinson; Erik Radius; Antony Antony; Freek Dijkstra; Johan Blom; Cees de Laat

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Weierstrass Pairs and Minimum Distance of Goppa Codes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We prove that elements of the Weierstrass gap set of a pair of points may be used to define a geometric Goppa code which has minimum distance greater than the usual lower bound. We determine the Weierstrass gap set of a pair of any two Weierstrass ... Keywords: Hermitian code, Weierstrass pair, Weierstrass point

Gretchen L. Matthews

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

A novel fast distance relay for long transmission lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The measuring accuracy and the measurement stability of conventional distance relay will be influenced by complex and remarkable harmonic components due to the large capacitance of the line when it is used for a long line. Correspondingly, the tripping speed will be delayed to some extent. To solve this problem, a fast distance relay for long transmission lines is presented, which is on the basis of the differential equation algorithm using ? transmission line model and the theory of Equal Transfer Process of Transmission Lines (ETPTL). The shortcomings of ? model differential equation algorithm due to the impact of high frequency components can be overcome by using a low-pass filter. The problem resulting from the difference between the transfer feature of the voltages used by the distance protection and that of the currents due to the transient characteristic of coupling capacitor voltage transformers (CCVT) can be solved by using virtual digital CCVT. Then, the new distance relay can trip quickly by re-structuring the voltage at the fault point and iterative calculations. A variety of ATP simulation tests show that the new relay has fast tripping speed and high reliability when applied to the long transmission lines.

Minghao Wen; Deshu Chen; Xianggen Yin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Technology Enhanced Learning and Distance Learning February 21, 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology Enhanced Learning and Distance Learning February 21, 2008 Call for Nominations: Provost's Prize for Teaching with Technology Eligibility: Candidates must be a tenure-track or non's Prize for Teaching with Technology will be awarded to up to two recipients. Each recipient will receive

Southern California, University of

378

Collaborative Distance Education: The Iowa Chemistry Education Alliance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Collaborative Distance Education: The Iowa Chemistry Education Alliance ... The Iowa Chemistry Education Alliance is a consortium of four chemistry instructors from central Iowa high schools, several members of the Iowa State University faculty, and consultants from an Iowa Area Education Agency. ...

K. A. Burke; Thomas J. Greenbowe

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

A replaceable reflective film for solar concentrators  

SciTech Connect

The 3M Company manufactures a silvered acrylic film called ECP-305 that is regarded as the preferred reflective film for use on stretched-membrane heliostats. However, ECP-305 will degrade in time, due to both corrosion of the silver layer and delamination at the film's silver-to-acrylic interface, and will eventually need to be replaced. 3M uses a very aggressive adhesive on this film, and once it is laminated, replacement is very difficult. The purpose of this investigation was the development of a replaceable reflector, a reflective film that can be easily removed and replaced. A replaceable reflector was successfully configured by laminating ECP-305 to the top surface of a smooth, dimensionally stable polymer film, with a removable adhesive applied to the underside of the polymer film. Several stages of screening and testing led to the selection of a 0.010-inch thick polycarbonate (GE 8030) as the best polymer film and a medium tack tape (3M Y-9425) was selected as the best removable adhesive. To demonstrate the feasibility of the replaceable reflector concept and to provide a real-time field test, the chosen construction was successfully applied to the 50-m{sup 2} SKI heliostat at the Central Receiver Test Facility at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque. 4 refs., 13 figs., 7 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Modelling long-distance seed dispersal in heterogeneous landscapes.  

SciTech Connect

1. Long-distance seed dispersal is difficult to measure, yet key to understanding plant population dynamics and community composition. 2. We used a spatially explicit model to predict the distribution of seeds dispersed long distances by birds into habitat patches of different shapes. All patches were the same type of habitat and size, but varied in shape. They occurred in eight experimental landscapes, each with five patches of four different shapes, 150 m apart in a matrix of mature forest. The model was parameterized with smallscale movement data collected from field observations of birds. In a previous study we validated the model by testing its predictions against observed patterns of seed dispersal in real landscapes with the same types and spatial configuration of patches as in the model. 3. Here we apply the model more broadly, examining how patch shape influences the probability of seed deposition by birds into patches, how dispersal kernels (distributions of dispersal distances) vary with patch shape and starting location, and how movement of seeds between patches is affected by patch shape. 4. The model predicts that patches with corridors or other narrow extensions receive higher numbers of seeds than patches without corridors or extensions. This pattern is explained by edgefollowing behaviour of birds. Dispersal distances are generally shorter in heterogeneous landscapes (containing patchy habitat) than in homogeneous landscapes, suggesting that patches divert the movement of seed dispersers, ‘holding’ them long enough to increase the probability of seed defecation in the patches. Dispersal kernels for seeds in homogeneous landscapes were smooth, whereas those in heterogenous landscapes were irregular. In both cases, long-distance (> 150 m) dispersal was surprisingly common, usually comprising approximately 50% of all dispersal events. 5. Synthesis . Landscape heterogeneity has a large influence on patterns of long-distance seed dispersal. Our results suggest that long-distance dispersal events can be predicted using spatially explicit modelling to scale-up local movements, placing them in a landscape context. Similar techniques are commonly used by landscape ecologists to model other types of movement; they offer much promise to the study of seed dispersal.

Levey, Douglas, J.; Tewlsbury, Joshua, J.; Bolker, Benjamin, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Convenient Fitness Routes for the SU Community North Campus Loop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Archbold-Flanagan entrance, take Sims Drive to Euclid Ave. to the Lancaster Ave. or Westcott St. intersections and back. Distances: 1.18 miles to Lancaster and back; 1.80 miles to Westcott St. and back. to Barry Park, loop Barry Park (using Meadowbrook Dr., Broad St., and Westcott St.) and then head back

Mather, Patrick T.

382

A Framework for Energy-Aware Routing in Packet Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......approaches such as the smart home or the smart grid are actually prone to an increase...approaches such as the smart home or the smart grid are actually prone to an increase...and `green' systems, such as the Smart Grid, distance learning and E-work......

Erol Gelenbe; Christina Morfopoulou

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

E-Print Network 3.0 - air route traffic control centers Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

routing algorithms for traffic classes that require... mechanisms such as congestion control and scheduling, we develop ... Source: Carnegie Mellon University, School of...

384

Energy Efficient Routing and Spectrum Assignment With Regenerator Placement in Elastic Optical Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a dynamic energy efficient routing and spectrum assignment algorithm with regenerator placement (RP) capability for elastic optical networks. In this...

Fallahpour, Ahmad; Beyranvand, Hamzeh; Nezamalhosseini, S Alireza; Salehi, Jawad A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative route designations Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering ; Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 2 Multipath Routing in Ad Hoc Networks An-I Andy Wang Geoffrey H. Kuenning Peter Reiher Summary: is initiated....

386

Maintenance Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Andre Barroso, Utz Roedig and Cormac Sreenan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maintenance Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Andre Barroso, Utz Roedig and Cormac Sreenan Mobile & Internet Systems Laboratory, University College Cork, Ireland Email: {a.barroso u

Sreenan, Cormac J.

387

E-Print Network 3.0 - aware routing protocol Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Morteza Maleki, Karthik Dantu... the network lifetime. Simulation results show that the proposed power-aware source routing protocol has... . The...

388

A multipath routeless routing protocol with an efficient location update mechanism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we introduce and evaluate an efficient multipath 'routeless' routing (MRR) protocol. MRR is a form of beaconless geographic routing protocol, and uses a simple location update mechanism to achieve high throughput with few retransmissions. Unlike the standard beaconless routing (BLR) protocol, our main point of comparison, our protocol constructs a single forwarding area to identify nodes between the source and destination. This forwarding area is a rectangular area shape with enough width to allow multiple routes. Promising simulation results show that our protocol outperforms the standard BLR approach with respect to energy consumption, packet delivery ratio, and the average number of hops.

Mohammad Al-Otaibi; Hamdy Soliman; Jun Zheng

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Congestion protection for public transportation : strategies and application to MBTA bus route 66.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Protecting transit routes from congestion is necessary for improving performance and reliability of bus service. Different congestion protection strategies that have been used across the… (more)

Boll, Christopher Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with high photon efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Imaging the 3D structure and reflectivity of a scene can be done using photon-counting detectors. Traditional imagers of this type typically require hundreds of detected photons per pixel for accurate 3D and reflectivity ...

Shin, Dongeek

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

392

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

393

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

394

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

395

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

396

Vehicle routing for the last mile of power system restoration  

SciTech Connect

This paper studied a novel problem in power system restoration: the Power Restoration Vehicle Routing Problem (PRVRP). The goal of PRVRPs is to decide how coordinate repair crews effectively in order to recover from blackouts as fast as possible after a disaster has occurred. PRVRPs are complex problems that combine vehicle routing and power restoration scheduling problems. The paper proposed a multi-stage optimization algorithm based on the idea of constraint injection that meets the aggressive runtime constraints necessary for disaster recovery. The algorithms were validated on benchmarks produced by the Los Alamos National Laboratory, using the infrastructure of the United States. The disaster scenarios were generated by state-of-the-art hurricane simulation tools similar to those used by the National Hurricane Center. Experimental results show that the constraint-injection algorithms can reduce the blackouts by 50% or more over field practices. Moreover, the results show that the constraint-injection algorithm using large neighborhood search over a blackbox simulator provide competitive quality and scales better than using a MIP solver on the subproblems.

Bent, Russell W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Coffrin, Carleton [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Van Hentenryck, Pascal [BROWN UNIV.

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

397

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print A New Route to Nanoscale Conducting Channels in Insulating Oxides Print Two-dimensional electron gases (2DEGs)-narrow conducting channels at the surfaces and interfaces of semiconductor materials-are the bedrock of conventional electronics. The startling 2004 discovery that such 2DEGs could be engineered at the interface between two insulating transition-metal oxides, SrTiO3 and LaAlO3, initiated a worldwide effort to harness the functionality of oxide materials for advanced electronic applications. Now, an international collaboration working at the ALS has shown that the interface is not required. Using only intense synchrotron light, the group has been able to create and control 2DEGs at the bare surfaces of the insulating oxides SrTiO3 and KTaO3. As well as suggesting a potential methodology to spatially pattern 2DEGs in a wide variety of complex oxides, this discovery opens a new avenue for spectroscopic investigation of these novel electronic systems.

398

The effect of rock density in synthesizing seismic reflection records  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was gained on the relative significance of rock densities in determining the reflection coefficient. The error which would be expected in the reflection coefficient at an interface when computed from the velocity inforsmtion only can be estimated from... was gained on the relative significance of rock densities in determining the reflection coefficient. The error which would be expected in the reflection coefficient at an interface when computed from the velocity inforsmtion only can be estimated from...

Morris, Gerald Brooks

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

399

Work plan for vibration cable re-route and water flush system modifications for 107-AN mixer pump  

SciTech Connect

A mixer pump (75 horsepower Hazleton submersible) is to be installed in the central pump pit of Double-Shell Tank 241-AN-107 for the Caustic Addition Project. The mixer pump will be used as a platform to inject, mix, and entrain caustic with the waste, in order to bring the waste hydroxyl ion concentration into compliance with Tank Farm operating specifications. Testing of the mixer pump and caustic addition system revealed that the mixer pump`s vibration cable picks up electromagnetic interference from the motor power cable during variable speed operation of the pump. Also, it was noted that the mixer pump`s water flush system may not be as effective as desired. Ergo this work plan for improving the operation of these mixer pump subsystems. A new vibration cable shall be routed entirely outside the mixer pump support column pipe, up thru a new penetration in the pump mounting flange. The existing penetration in the side of the pipe is to be plugged. Increasing the distance between power and instrument cables may reduce or eliminate electromagnetic interference to the vibration monitor. The mixer pump water flush system shall be modified to allow pressure isolation of individual branches. A header is to be installed on the middle section of the support column. Each branch (there are three) shall contain a solenoid valve (normally open) to control flow into the branch. The solenoid cables shall be routed up thru three new penetrations in the pump mounting flange to a new electrical box mounted on the flange. The existing flush piping to the inlet screen will remain but the continuation of the flush piping to the pump discharge nozzles is to be removed and the tee plugged. New stainless steel tubing is to be run down to the pump discharge nozzles. Pressure isolation of individual branches will maximize the flush system`s effectiveness at blasting potential sediment clogs out of the pump discharge nozzles.

Leshikar, G.A.

1995-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

400

Camera-based reflectivity measurement for solar thermal applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tubular receivers for solar thermal power plants, specifically tower plants, are in common use, in plantsCamera-based reflectivity measurement for solar thermal applications John D. Pye1 , Clifford K. Ho2 of the solar-weighted reflectivity of the receiver component in CSP systems. Such reflectivity measurement

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Dissimilarity representations for thermal signature recognition at a distance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the heat energy emitted by a body instead the light reflected. ii) LWIR sensors have an invariant behavior Technologies Application Center. 7a # 21812 e/ 218 y 222, Rpto. Siboney, Playa, C.P. 12200, La Habana, Cuba Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Sciences, Delft University of Technology

Duin, Robert P.W.

402

Distance-dependent electron transfer in DNA hairpins  

SciTech Connect

The distance dependence of photoinduced electron transfer in duplex DNA was determined for a family of synthetic DNA hairpins in which a stilbene dicarboxamide forms a bridge connecting two oligonucleotide arms. Investigation of the fluorescence and transient absorption spectra of these hairpins established that no photoinduced electron transfer occurs for a hairpin that has six deoxyadenosine-deoxythymidine base pairs. However, the introduction of a single deoxyguanosine-deoxycytidine base pair resulted in distance-dependent fluorescence quenching and the formation of the stilbene anion radical. Kinetic analysis suggests that duplex DNA is somewhat more effective than proteins as a medium for electron transfer but that it does not function as a molecular wire.

Lewis, F.D.; Wu, T.; Zhang, Y. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)] [and others] [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Distance-redshift relations in an anisotropic cosmological model  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we study an anisotropic model generated from a particular Bianchi type-III metric, which is a generalization of Gödel's metric and an exact solution of Einstein's field equations. We analyse type Ia supernova data, namely the SDSS sample calibrated with the MLCS2k2 fitter, and we verify in which ranges of distances and redshifts the anisotropy could be observed. We also consider, in a joint analysis, the position of the first peak in the CMB anisotropy spectrum, as well as current observational constraints on the Hubble constant. We conclude that a small anisotropy is permitted by the data, and that more accurate measurements of supernova distances above z = 2 might indicate the existence of such anisotropy in the universe.

Menezes, R. S. Jr. [Instituto Federal da Bahia, Salvador, BA (Brazil); Pigozzo, C.; Carneiro, S., E-mail: rsmjr@ifba.edu.br, E-mail: cpigozzo@ufba.br, E-mail: saulo.carneiro.ufba@gmail.com [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Bahia (Brazil)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Long-distance distribution of genuine energy-time entanglement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Any practical realization of entanglement-based quantum communication must be intrinsically secure and able to span long distances avoiding the need of a straight line between the communicating parties. The violation of Bell's inequality offers a method for the certification of quantum links without knowing the inner workings of the devices. Energy-time entanglement quantum communication satisfies all these requirements. However, currently there is a fundamental obstacle with the standard configuration adopted: an intrinsic geometrical loophole that can be exploited to break the security of the communication, in addition to other loopholes. Here we show the first experimental Bell violation with energy-time entanglement distributed over 1 km of optical fibers that is free of this geometrical loophole. This is achieved by adopting a new experimental design, and by using an actively stabilized fiber-based long interferometer. Our results represent an important step towards long-distance secure quantum communication in optical fibers.

A. Cuevas; G. Carvacho; G. Saavedra; J. Cariñe; W. A. T. Nogueira; M. Figueroa; A. Cabello; P. Mataloni; G. Lima; G. B. Xavier

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

405

Application of Mutual Information Methods in Time-Distance Helioseismology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply a new technique, the mutual information (MI) from information theory, to time-distance helioseismology, and demonstrate that it can successfully reproduce several classic results based on the widely used cross-covariance method. MI quantifies the deviation of two random variables from complete independence, and represents a more general method for detecting dependencies in time series than the cross-covariance function, which only detects linear relationships. We provide a brief description of the MI-based technique and discuss the results of the application of MI to derive the solar differential profile, a travel-time deviation map for a sunspot and a time-distance diagram from quiet Sun measurements.

Keys, Dustin; Pevtsov, Alexei

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Electrical probe diagnostics for the laminar flame quenching distance  

SciTech Connect

A simplified theory, previously developed for the general case of weakly ionized gas flow, is used to predict electrical probe response when the flame is quenched on the probe surface. This theory is based on the planar model of space charge sheaths around the measuring electrode. For the flame quenching case, by assuming that the sheath thickness is comparable with the thermal boundary layer thickness, probe current can be related to flame quenching distance. The theoretical assumptions made to obtain the analytical formulation of probe current were experimentally proved by using direct visualization and high-frequency PIV. The direct visualization method was also used to validate the results of flame quenching distance values obtained with electrical probe. The electrical probe diagnostics have been verified for both head-on and sidewall flame quenching regimes and for stoichiometric methane/air and propane/air mixtures in a pressure range of 0.05-0.6 MPa. (author)

Karrer, Maxime; Makarov, Maxime [Renault Technocentre, 78288 Guyancourt Cedex (France); Bellenoue, Marc; Labuda, Sergei; Sotton, Julien [Laboratoire de Combustion et de Detonique, CNRS, 86961 Futuroscope Chasseneuil (France)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

407

Type Ia Supernovae Yielding Distances with 3-4% Precision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The luminosities of Type Ia supernovae (SN), the thermonuclear explosions of white dwarf stars, vary systematically with their intrinsic color and light-curve decline rate. These relationships have been used to calibrate their luminosities to within ~0.14-0.20 mag from broadband optical light curves, yielding individual distances accurate to ~7-10%. Here we identify a subset of SN Ia that erupt in environments having high ultraviolet surface brightness and star-formation surface density. When we apply a steep model extinction law, these SN can be calibrated to within ~0.065-0.075 mag, corresponding to ~3-4% in distance -- the best yet with SN Ia by a substantial margin. The small scatter suggests that variations in only one or two progenitor properties account for their light-curve-width/color/luminosity relation.

Kelly, Patrick L; Burke, David L; Hicken, Malcolm; Ganeshalingam, Mohan; Zheng, Weikang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Curvature dark energy reconstruction through different cosmographic distance definitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the context of $f(\\mathcal{R})$ gravity, dark energy is a geometrical fluid with negative equation of state. Since the function $f(\\mathcal{R})$ is not known \\emph{a priori}, the need of a model independent reconstruction of its shape represents a relevant technique to determine which $f(\\mathcal{R})$ model is really favored with respect to others. To this aim, we relate cosmography to a generic $f(\\mathcal R)$ and its derivatives in order to provide a model independent investigation at redshift $z \\sim 0$. Our analysis is based on the use of three different cosmological distance definitions, in order to alleviate the duality problem, i.e. the problem of which cosmological distance to use with specific cosmic data sets. We therefore consider the luminosity, $d_L$, flux, $d_F$, and angular, $d_A$, distances and we find numerical constraints by the Union 2.1 supernovae compilation and measurement of baryonic acoustic oscillations, at $z_{BAO}=0.35$. We notice that all distances reduce to the same expression, i.e. $d_{L;F;A}\\sim\\frac{1}{\\mathcal H_0}z$, at first order. Thus, to fix the cosmographic series of observables, we impose the initial value of $H_0$ by fitting $\\mathcal H_0$ through supernovae only, in the redshift regime $ztheoretical bounds, while its variation, namely the jerk parameter, is compatible with $j_0>1$. Finally, we infer the functional form of $f(\\mathcal{R})$ by means of a truncated polynomial approximation, in terms of fourth order scale factor $a(t)$.

Salvatore Capozziello; Mariafelicia De Laurentis; Orlando Luongo

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

409

Time, Distance, Velocity, Redshift: a personal guided tour  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An attempt to answer the question 'Can we observe galaxies that recede faster than light ?' led to a re-examination of the notions of time, distance, velocity and redshift as they occur in newtonian physics, special relativity, general relativity and cosmology. A number of misconceptions were uncovered. It was found that, once freed of special relativity preconceptions, the above question is easily and unequivocally answered

T. Kiang

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Alternative mixed-integer linear programming models of a maritime inventory routing problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

product maritime inventory routing problem is addressed in this paper by exploring the use of continuous formulation based on a discrete time representation for vacuum gas oil routing and inventory management. Song Yongheng1,2 and Ignacio E. Grossmann3 1 Institute of Process Control Eng., Department of Automation

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

411

Computational Study for the Workforce Scheduling and Routing J. Arturo Castillo-Salazar1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational Study for the Workforce Scheduling and Routing Problem J. Arturo Castillo-Salazar1 , Dario Landa-Silva1 and Rong Qu1 1Automated Scheduling, Optimisation and Planning (ASAP) Research Group.landasilva, rong.qu}@nottingham.ac.uk Keywords: Employee Scheduling, Workforce Optimization, Personnel Routing

Qu, Rong

412

Social Welfare Based Routing in Ad hoc Networks Mingming Lu and Jie Wu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is to save energy. Existing energy-efficient routing protocols save energy by selecting the lowest energy cost route. However, energy saving is not equal to energy efficiency. Consider a large number, and hence most packets transmitted through this path are lost, it is energy waste rather than energy saving

Wu, Jie

413

IPR: An Integrated Placement and Routing Algorithm Min Pan Chris Chu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IPR: An Integrated Placement and Routing Algorithm Min Pan Chris Chu Cadence Design Systems, Inc issue. We call the proposed algorithm for routing congestion minimization IPR (Integrated Placement to integrate them efficiently and effectively. Experimental results show that IPR reduces overflow by 36

Chu, Chris C.-N.

414

Routing and Traversal via Location Awareness in Ad-Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Routing and Traversal via Location Awareness in Ad-Hoc Networks Evangelos Kranakis Ladislav Stacho of an ad-hoc network in order to provide for ef- ficient information dissemination. We explore several new and route discovery in ad-hoc networks. 1 Challenges in Ad-Hoc Networking The current rapid growth

Kranakis, Evangelos

415

Joint Routing and Server Selection for Multiple Description Video Streaming in Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Joint Routing and Server Selection for Multiple Description Video Streaming in Ad Hoc Networks ad hoc networks. In this paper, we study the important problem of joint routing and server selection for MD video in ad hoc networks. We take a cross-layer approach to formulate the task as a combinatorial

Hou, Y. Thomas

416

Evaluation of a Routing Architecture for Wireless Messaging Ad-Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluation of a Routing Architecture for Wireless Messaging Ad-Hoc Networks Megha Goel1 and M´ark F self-organizing ad-hoc networks can be used to provide the short messaging service, at a much lower of ad- hoc network routing in which mobile nodes are allowed to relay in place of static nodes. We

Bencsáth, Boldizsár

417

Intelligent Approaches for Routing Protocols In Cognitive Ad-Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intelligent Approaches for Routing Protocols In Cognitive Ad-Hoc Networks Suyang Ju Submitted to the graduate degree program in Electrical Engineering & Computer Science and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas School...: Intelligent Approaches for Routing Protocols In Cognitive Ad-Hoc Networks Dissertation Committee: _____________________________________ Dr. Joseph B. Evans, Advisor Professor, EECS _____________________________________ Dr. Victor Frost...

Ju, Suyang

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

418

A Multiobjective Performance Evaluation Framework for Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Multiobjective Performance Evaluation Framework for Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Katia.runser, jean-marie.gorce@insa-lyon.fr Abstract--Wireless ad hoc networks are seldom characterized by one single. Instead, we address this problem by proposing a new modeling framework for routing in ad hoc networks

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

419

Endpoint-Based Routing Strategies for Improving Internet Performance and Resilience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to guarantee good end-to-end performance in the future Internet. We believe that the contributionsEndpoint-Based Routing Strategies for Improving Internet Performance and Resilience Aditya Akella, of any sponsoring institution, the U.S. government or any other entity. #12;Keywords: Internet routing

420

EndpointBased Routing Strategies for Improving Internet Performance and Resilience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to guarantee good end­to­end performance in the future Internet. We believe that the contributionsEndpoint­Based Routing Strategies for Improving Internet Performance and Resilience Aditya Akella, of any sponsoring institution, the U.S. government or any other entity. #12; Keywords: Internet routing

Akella, Aditya

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

ISPD 2014 benchmarks with sub-45nm technology rules for detailed-routing-driven placement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The public release of realistic industrial placement benchmarks by IBM and Intel Corporations from 1998--2013 has been crucial to the progress in physical-design algorithms during those years. Direct comparisons of academic tools on these test cases, ... Keywords: detailed routing, global routing, placement, placement evaluation, routability

Vladimir Yutsis; Ismail S. Bustany; David Chinnery; Joseph R. Shinnerl; Wen-Hao Liu

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Delivery Cost Approximations for Inventory Routing Problems in a Rolling Horizon Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Delivery Cost Approximations for Inventory Routing Problems in a Rolling Horizon Framework Patrick Research Program, grant ARP-003 1 #12;Abstract The inventory routing problem considered in this paper is concerned with the repeated distribution of a commodity, such as heating oil, over a long period of time

Jaillet, Patrick

423

Optical Signal Processing in All-Optical Packet Routing Systems S. J. Ben Yoo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optical Signal Processing in All-Optical Packet Routing Systems S. J. Ben Yoo Department@ece.ucdavis.edu, Abstract: This paper discusses important signal processing functions in all-optical packet routing systems. We will pay special attention to all-optical time-to-live, optical performance monitoring, optical

Kolner, Brian H.

424

NextSTEPS White Paper: Four-Page Summary Three Routes Forward for Biofuels1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NextSTEPS White Paper: Four-Page Summary Three Routes Forward for Biofuels1: Incremental forward for biofuels and their associated technologies. We seek to: � Highlight policy incentives that encourage certain types of biofuel innovation. � Spotlight the distinctions between the routes in terms

California at Davis, University of

425

Comparison of two wireless ad hoc routing protocols on a hardware test-bed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. These protocols are tested predominately using software simulation. Very few implementations have demonstratedComparison of two wireless ad hoc routing protocols on a hardware test-bed Shweta Bhandare (DSR) protocol and our Energy Aware Dynamic Source Routing protocol (EADSR). The implementation

Brown, Timothy X.

426

Redundancy-Aware Routing with Limited Resources University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Massachusetts, Amherst lgao@ecs.umass.edu Abstract--Network load is reduced upon eliminationRedundancy-Aware Routing with Limited Resources Yang Song University of Massachusetts, Amherst (identified using a redundancy profile) onto common links. Constructing redundancy-aware routes is challenging

Gao, Lixin

427

ASSESSING GHG EMISSIONS FROM SLUDGE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL ROUTES THE METHOD BEHIND GESTABOUES TOOL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASSESSING GHG EMISSIONS FROM SLUDGE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL ROUTES ­ THE METHOD BEHIND GESTABOUES TOOL Pradel M., Reverdy, A.L. ORBIT2012 1 Assessing GHG emissions from sludge treatment and disposal. These different disposal routes as well as the sludge treatments produce greenhouse gases (GHG). To help

Boyer, Edmond

428

Author's personal copy The time dependent vehicle routing problem with time windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: (a) formulate a time dependent vehicle routing problem with a general cost function and time windowAuthor's personal copy The time dependent vehicle routing problem with time windows: Benchmark College of Engineering and Computer Science, PO Box 0751, Portland State University, Portland, OR 97207

Bertini, Robert L.

429

Modeling and Solving Location Routing and Scheduling Problems R.T. Berger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

potentially overestimate the number of vehicles required and the associated distribution cost. In many cases, construct a set of delivery routes, and assign routes to vehicles in such a way as to minimize total cost-objective LRSP in which they seek to balance total cost, total vehicle time, and total vehicle load. They test

Ralphs, Ted

430

Centralized Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks with Ultra Low Duty Cycle to Achieve Maximum Lifetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

needs no packet flooding for routing recovery and it also solves high energy consumption caused of routing recovery. We verified WRP's performance through extensive simulation and it showed WRP can operations and its simulation result in section IV. Section V concludes our paper. II. ISSUES FOR ULTRA LOW

Bahk, Saewoong

431

Hector is an Energy effiCient Tree-based Optimized Routing protocol for wireless networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hector is an Energy effiCient Tree-based Optimized Routing protocol for wireless networks Nathalie geographic locations. We propose HECTOR, a hybrid energy efficient tree-based optimized routing protocol, based on two sets of virtual coordinates. One set is based on rooted tree coordinates, and the other

Stojmenovic, Ivan

432

On the Cost/Delay Tradeoff of Wireless Delay Tolerant Geographic Routing Argyrios G. Tasiopoulos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the Cost/Delay Tradeoff of Wireless Delay Tolerant Geographic Routing Argyrios G. Tasiopoulos transport cost of a packet and the delay in its delivery. We study this tradeoff in the context of geographical routing in wireless DTNs. We first specify the optimal cost/delay tradeoff, i.e., the tradeoff

Glinz, Martin

433

Purchasing & Contracting 742-3844 TTU CONTRACT ROUTING SHEET Contract # FOAP Contract amount $  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purchasing & Contracting 742-3844 TTU CONTRACT ROUTING SHEET Contract # FOAP Contract amount. Routing Sheet must be signed by department. Contract (brief description of scope) Board approval required? Yes No Meeting date Board Item # Note, BOR approval is required if contract is greater than $500

Westfall, Peter H.

434

A Framework for Low-Power IPv6 Routing Simulation, Experimentation, and Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- mated electric meter reading and the smart grid. Companies in the network industry such as CiscoA Framework for Low-Power IPv6 Routing Simulation, Experimentation, and Evaluation Nicolas Tsiftes a framework for simulation, experimentation, and evaluation of routing mechanisms for low-power IPv6

Dunkels, Adam

435

A precomputation-based scheme for qos routing and fair bandwidth allocation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a precomputation-based scheme offering Pareto optimal solutions to the network optimization problem. This scheme precomputes bandwidth allocation (rate vector) and end-to-end paths with QoS guarantees. It prepares a routing database, identifying ... Keywords: QoS routing, communication networks, proportional fairness

Chia-Hung Wang; Hsing Luh

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

An Energy-Efficient Algorithm For Conflict-Free AGV Routing On A Linear Path Layout  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consumption will unavoidably become an important consideration for the AGV systems. The primary objective the energy, aiming to minimize energy consumption of the vehicles during routing. As the energy resource, to account for the energy consumption, we formulate a basic energy model for AGV routing, and the energy

Zeng, Jianyang "Michael"

437

An EnergyEfficient Algorithm For ConflictFree AGV Routing On A Linear Path Layout  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

consumption will unavoidably become an important consideration for the AGV systems. The primary objective the energy, aiming to minimize energy consumption of the vehicles during routing. As the energy resource, to account for the energy consumption, we formulate a basic energy model for AGV routing, and the energy

Zeng, Jianyang "Michael"

438

Power Driven Routing Using a Genetic Algorithm B. M. Goni, T. Arslan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-the-cell and channel optimisation in a single channel routing domain will provide an effective framework for area/energy, energy losses in the interconnections of such circuits have become significant [1]. In the light of this. The results of this detailed routing has a strong influence on the fabrication yield and production costs

Arslan, Tughrul

439

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch1 , Malik Magdon-Ismail1 , Marios Mavronicolas of Cyprus, Nicosia CY-1678, Cyprus 3 ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland Abstract. In hot-potato on arbitrary tree topologies with n nodes. We present two hot-potato routing algorithms, one deterministic

Mavronicolas, Marios

440

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch1 , Malik Magdon-Ismail1 , Marios Mavronicolas of Cyprus, Nicosia CY-1678, Cyprus 3 ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland Abstract. In hot-potato on arbitrary tree topologies. We present two hot-potato routing algorithms, one deterministic and one

Magdon-Ismail, Malik

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Final Accepted Version Collision risk-capacity tradeoff analysis of an en-route  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Final Accepted Version Collision risk-capacity tradeoff analysis of an en-route corridor model YE-route corridor. This paper analyzes the collision risk-capacity tradeoff using combined discrete variables can improve the rate and stability of the corridor with low risks of loss of separation. Keywords

442

Work domain analysis and ecological interface for the vehicle routing problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Work domain analysis and ecological interface for the vehicle routing problem Bernat Gacias: Decision support systems, vehicle routing problem, ecological interface design. 1. INTRODUCTION Nowadays, F-31058 Toulouse, France Abstract: In this paper, we propose a work domain analysis for the vehicle

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

443

Asymptotically Optimal Power-Aware Routing for Multihop Wireless Networks with Renewable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Asymptotically Optimal Power-Aware Routing for Multihop Wireless Networks with Renewable Energy the performance of multihop radio networks in the presence of energy constraints, and design routing algorithms to optimally utilize the available energy. The energy model allows vastly different energy sources

Srikant, Rayadurgam

444

Design principles and improvement of cost function based energy aware routing algorithms for wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design principles and improvement of cost function based energy aware routing algorithms, design principles and evaluation methods for cost function based routing algorithms. Two energy aware small changes in nodal remaining energy to large changes in the function value. For DCFR, its cost

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

445

A Case for Bufferless Routing in On-Chip Networks Thomas Moscibroda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

significant energy, occupy chip area, and increase design complexity. In this paper, we make a case for a new or flow control. We describe new algorithms for routing without using buffers in router input/output ports that rout- ing without buffers significantly reduces the energy consumption of the on-chip cache

446

ENERGY-EFFICIENT GEOGRAPHIC ROUTING IN ENVIRONMENTALLY POWERED WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENERGY-EFFICIENT GEOGRAPHIC ROUTING IN ENVIRONMENTALLY POWERED WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS Kai Zengt- efficient routing protocols are requisite for the WSN appli- cations. In this paper, we study energy-efficient efficient than the corresponding residual energy based protocols without considering the property

Hou, Y. Thomas

447

An Improved Method to Test the Distance-Duality Relation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many researchers have performed cosmological-model-independent tests for the distance-duality (DD) relation. Theoretical work has been conducted based on the results of these tests. However, we find that almost all of these tests were perhaps not cosmological-model-independent after all, because the distance moduli taken from a given type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) compilation are dependent on a given cosmological model and Hubble constant. In this Letter, we overcome these defects and by creating a new cosmological-model-independent test for the DD relation. We use the original data from the Union2 SNe Ia compilation and the angular diameter distances from two galaxy cluster samples compiled by De Filippis et al. and Bonamente et al. to test the DD relation. Our results suggest that the DD relation is compatible with observations, and the spherical model is slightly better than the elliptical model at describing the intrinsic shape of galaxy clusters if the DD relation is valid. However, these results are different from those of previous work.

Xi Yang; Hao-Ran Yu; Zhi-Song Zhang; Tong-Jie Zhang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

A quantum theory of distance along a curve  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a quantum theory of distances along a curve, based on a linear line element that is equal to the operator square root of the quadratic metric of Riemannian geometry. Since the linear line element is an operator, we treat it according to the rules of quantum mechanics and interpret its eigenvalues as physically observable distances; the distance eigenvalues are naturally quantized. There are both positive and negative eigenvalues, which requires interpretation. Multi-element curves are defined as direct sums of line elements, and behave much like systems of spin half electrons in a magnetic field. For a curve of many elements an entropy and energy and temperature are quite naturally defined, leading via standard statistical thermodynamics to a relation between the most probable curve length and temperature. That relation may be viewed as a universal heat-shrinking property of curves. At this stage of the theory we do not include bodies or particles in the mix, do not suggest field equations for the quantum geometry, and questions of interpretation remain. The theory might conceivably be testable using observations of the early Universe, when the temperature of space was presumably quite high. In particular cosmogenesis may be thought of as time stopping at an infinite temperature as we go backwards in time to the beginning.

Ronald J. Adler

2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

449

An Unlikely Route to Ferroelectricity | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How to Make a Splash How to Make a Splash Pressure-Tuning the Quantum Phase Transition in a Model 2-D Magnet Reappearing Superconductivity Surprises Scientists Manipulating Genes with Hidden TALENs A New Discovery Answers an Old Question Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed An Unlikely Route to Ferroelectricity MAY 16, 2012 Bookmark and Share Left side: The charge order configuration [after "N. Ikeda et al., Nature 436, 1136 (2005)"] with polar bilayers previously assumed for LuFe2O4. Right side: The refined LuFe2O4 monoclinic crystal structure containing charged bilayers. For both configurations, the Fe atoms are arranged in Fe/O bilayers separated by Lu single layers. The different Fe valances are

450

2 - Radioactive waste (RAW) categories, characterization and processing route selection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: The principal approach to radioactive waste management is to transform ‘as generated’ waste to a waste package suitable for safe long-term storage or ultimate disposal. A waste characterization system allows an assessment of the potential risks connected with waste handling and disposal and also allows the waste to be classified into groups (streams) according to their properties and projected processing routes. A properly selected waste classification system also enables the selection of the proper processing technology for each class of waste, tailored to waste volume, properties and available technologies in each country or waste processing organization. Long-term safe disposal of processed waste is a basic requirement of all waste classification and waste processing schemes discussed in this chapter.

R. Burcl

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Simulations of all electric vehicles on fixed routes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper contains the design, the implementation and the preliminary experimentation of a simulation framework for investigating the effectiveness of battery powered vehicles under the assumption that they follow a route which is either predefined or its basic characteristics can be obtained at almost real time. In particular we would like to investigate the feasibility of all electric, battery only powered vehicles whose batteries are charged at appropriately located renewable energy sources. We have developed our web based, open software simulation platform by utilising and extending GridLAB-D, a power system modelling and simulation environment, and by incorporating data from various sources. Results from preliminary simulations of real life scenarios are presented and analysed.

Rafik Fainti; Antonia Nasiakou; Eleftherios Tsoukalas; Manolis Vavalis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

EIA cites importance of key world shipping routes  

SciTech Connect

A disruption of crude oil or products shipments through any of six world chokepoints would cause a spike in oil prices, the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) warns. The strategic importance of each major shipping lane varies because of differing oil volumes and access to other transportation routes. But nearly half of the 66 million b/d of oil consumed worldwide flows through one or more of these key tanker routes, involving: 14 million b/d through the Strait of Hormuz from the Persian Gulf to the Gulf of Oman and Arabian Sea; 7 million b/d through the Strait of Malacca from the northern Indian Ocean into the South China Sea and Pacific Ocean; 1.6 million b/d through the Bosporus from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean Sea; 900,000 b/d through the Suez Canal from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea; 600,000 b/d through Rotterdam Harbor from the North Sea to Dutch and German refineries on or near the Rhine River; and 500,000 b/d through the Panama Canal from the Pacific Ocean to the Caribbean Sea. In today's highly interdependent oil markets, the mere perception of less secure oil supplies is enough to boost oil prices, EIA said. Growing oil and product tanker traffic is increasing the likelihood of supply disruptions through oil arteries because of bad weather, tanker collisions, or acts of piracy, terrorism, or war. What's more, the increasing age of the world tanker fleet and dependability of navigational equipment could increase chances of accidents and, therefore, oil supply disruptions.

Not Available

1994-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

453

UNDP-Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » UNDP-Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Development Programme Topics: Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com//w/images/6/6c/Char Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development Screenshot References: Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development[1] Logo: Charting a New Low-Carbon Route to Development

454

Fault-tolerant Routing for Irregular Faulty Patterns in 2D-Mesh without Virtual Savio S.H. Tse, Jipeng Zhou, and Francis C.M. Lau  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. One disadvantage of wormhole routing relative to store-and-forward routing is that it tends to support. Fukushima et al. [7] proposed a routing control algorithm for non-virtual channel router of irregular 2D

Lau, Francis C.M.

455

Lessons Learned from a Regional Approach to Route Selection for Spent Nuclear Fuel Shipments to Yucca Mountain  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Midwestern Route Identification Project Midwestern Route Identification Project Sarah K. Wochos Policy Analyst Council of State Governments - Midwest Approach Why Regional? * States need to know the routes as soon as possible * Regions develop and use the criteria that is important to them * States have a better feel for routes that run through their jurisdictions * States felt that EIS routes were a poor starting point for discussions * Regional framework has worked well on other issues Why a Suite of Routes? * Better variety and thus perhaps better security? * Flexibility during construction, bad weather or special events * Inevitable further winnowing through national discussion Methodology Primary Factors - from U.S. DOT's Guidelines for Selecting Preferred Highway Routes for Highway Route Controlled Shipments of Radioactive Materials

456

Internal Reflection Sensor for the Cone Penetrometer  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this project are to design, assemble, test, and demonstrate a prototype Internal Reflection Sensor (IRS) for the cone penetrometer. The sensor will ultimately be deployed during site characterization with the goal of providing real-time, in situ detection of NonAqueous Phase Liquids (NAPLs) in the subsurface. In the first phase of this program, we have designed and assembled an IRS module that interfaces directly to a standard cone penetrometer system. Laboratory tests demonstrated that the sensor responds in real-time to a wide variety of free phase NAPLs without interference from natural materials such as water and soil of various types or dissolved contaminants. In a preliminary field test, the sensor was able to locate NAPLs at thin, discrete depths in a soil test pit when deployed with a cone penetrometer. Ruggedness of the device was tested with a series of penetrometer pushes to the depth of refusal at a clean location. There was no visible damage to the sensor and its performance did not change in the course of these experiments. Based on the successes of the Phase I program, it is recommended that the project proceed to full-scale demonstration in Phase II.

Job Bello

1998-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

457

LED structure with enhanced mirror reflectivity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Embodiments of the present invention are generally related to LED chips having improved overall emission by reducing the light-absorbing effects of barrier layers adjacent mirror contacts. In one embodiment, a LED chip comprises one or more LEDs, with each LED having an active region, a first contact under the active region having a highly reflective mirror, and a barrier layer adjacent the mirror. The barrier layer is smaller than the mirror such that it does not extend beyond the periphery of the mirror. In another possible embodiment, an insulator is further provided, with the insulator adjacent the barrier layer and adjacent portions of the mirror not contacted by the active region or by the barrier layer. In yet another embodiment, a second contact is provided on the active region. In a further embodiment, the barrier layer is smaller than the mirror such that the periphery of the mirror is at least 40% free of the barrier layer, and the second contact is below the first contact and accessible from the bottom of the chip.

Bergmann, Michael; Donofrio, Matthew; Heikman, Sten; Schneider, Kevin S; Haberern, Kevin W; Edmond, John A

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

OPEC 1991 results reflect hard times  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that low crude oil prices and economic tough times in industrial countries cause a lean 1991 for members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. OPEC's 1991 annual report the member countries reported an overall loss of $12 billion in 1991 on oil revenues that fell 16.2%. Iraq and Kuwait were not included because of their unusual circumstances in the wake of the Persian Gulf war. Reduced oil revenues reflected a slide to $18.66/bbl in 1991 from $22.26/bbl in 1990 for the average price of OPEC basket crudes. As of last June 5 OPEC's basket crude price has averaged only $17.42/bbl this year, OPEC News Agency (Opecna) reported. First quarter 1992 prices averaged $16.77/bbl, compared wit $19.31/bbl in fourth quarter 1991. The average price jumped 52 cent/bbl the first week in June this year to $19.93/bbl, bouyed by Saudi Arabia's move at the end of May to shift its policy from price moderation to one in favor of higher prices, Opecna the. OPEC members increased production 1% in 1991 to an average 23.28 million b/d in spite of negligible production from Iraq and Kuwait and reduced production from Qatar.

Not Available

1992-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

459

UAV-Aided Cross-Layer Routing for MANETs Yuan Guo Xiaolong Li Homayoun Yousefi'zadeh Hamid Jafarkhani  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UAV-Aided Cross-Layer Routing for MANETs Yuan Guo Xiaolong Li Homayoun Yousefi'zadeh Hamid,xiaolonl,hyousefi,hamidj]@uci.edu Abstract--In this paper, we present UAV-aided Cross-Layer Routing Protocol (UCLR) that aims at improving the routing performance of a ground MANET network with aid from an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). The UAV

Yousefi'zadeh, Homayoun

460

Impact of Hot-Potato Routing Changes in IP Networks Renata Teixeira Aman Shaikh Tim Griffin Jennifer Rexford  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impact of Hot-Potato Routing Changes in IP Networks Renata Teixeira Aman Shaikh Tim Griffin, a router selects the one with the closest egress point, based on the intradomain path cost. Under such hot-potato routing, an intradomain event can trigger BGP routing changes. To characterize the influence of hot-potato

Singh, Jaswinder Pal

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Pure nuclear reflections in case of nuclear level crossing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of the time-differential decay of the collective nuclear excitation in yttrium iron garnet have been performed to observe the (002) pure nuclear reflection versus the splitting within two d sites. Even when the energy levels of the two sites are identical, the reflectivity amplitude does not vanish. This is a new realization of a pure nuclear reflection. It arises in case of nuclear level crossing of two d sites because their eigenvectors are not identical.

R. Rüffer; E. Gerdau; H. D. Rüter; W. Sturhahn; R. Hollatz; A. Schneider

1989-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

462

A Hybrid Long-Distance Entanglement Distribution Protocol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a hybrid (continuous-discrete variable) quantum repeater protocol for distribution of entanglement over long distances. Starting from entangled states created by means of single-photon detection, we show how entangled coherent state superpositions, also known as `Schr\\"odinger cat states', can be generated by means of homodyne detection of light. We show that near-deterministic entanglement swapping with such states is possible using only linear optics and homodyne detectors, and we evaluate the performance of our protocol combining these elements.

Jonatan B. Brask; Ioannes Rigas; Eugene S. Polzik; Ulrik L. Andersen; Anders S. Sorensen

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Gamma ray burst distances and the timescape cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gamma ray bursts can potentially be used as distance indicators, providing the possibility of extending the Hubble diagram to redshifts ~7. Here we follow the analysis of Schaefer (2007), with the aim of distinguishing the timescape cosmological model from the \\LambdaCDM model by means of the additional leverage provided by GRBs in the range 2 < z < 7. We find that the timescape model fits the GRB sample slightly better than the \\LambdaCDM model, but that the systematic uncertainties are still too little understood to distinguish the models.

Peter R. Smale

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

464

An advanced method for testing of distance relay operating characteristics  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a test method for distance relays using an advanced open-loop digital simulator. Derivation of test signals during prefault and fault, and test procedure are introduced. It is demonstrated that the method of generating test signals and the procedure of applying them to a relay under test directly affect test results. Prefault voltage and current are also a very important factor. The decaying dc offset is considered as well. Test results for five different relays using this new method are presented in this paper. The results demonstrate practical benefits of the test method.

Kezunovic, M.; Xia, Y.Q. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)] [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Fromen, C.W.; Sevcik, D.R. [Houston Lighting and Power Co., TX (United States)] [Houston Lighting and Power Co., TX (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Reflection and transmission coefficients of a fracture in transversely ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The reflection-transmission problem in isotropic media has been solved by ...... material or abrupt changes in COF (Smith, 1996; Anandakrishnan, 1996; Horgan

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

466

Fabrication and performance of polymer-nanocomposite anti-reflective...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

News, VA (United States) Design of polymer anti-reflective (AR) optical coatings for plastic substrates is challenging because polymers exhibit a relatively narrow range of...

467

Reflection Survey At Under Steamboat Springs Area (Warpinski...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Under Steamboat Springs Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey At Under Steamboat...

468

Reflection Survey At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Melosh, Et...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Melosh, Et Al., 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey At Blue Mountain Geothermal Area (Melosh, Et Al., 2010)...

469

The important effect of electron reflection on thermionic converter performance  

SciTech Connect

Although only a few percent of high energy electrons are reflected from bare metal surfaces, 20--60% of low energy incident electrons are reflected from thermionic converter electrodes with adsorbed cesium and oxygen. The TECMDL computer model indicates that electron reflection in cesium vapor thermionic converters increases the arc potential drop, offsetting the gain in performance obtainable by lowering the collector work function via the coadsorbed Cs/O layer. The possible suppression of electron reflection by using electrodes with sub-micron surface structure is hypothesized and supported by experimental data obtained by employing a new method for testing in cesium-oxygen vapor.

Rasor, N.S.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Low-Temperature Synthesis Routes to Intermetallic Superconductors  

SciTech Connect

Over the past few years, our group has gained expertise at developing low-temperature solution-based synthetic pathways to complex nanoscale solids, with particular emphasis on nanocrystalline intermetallic compounds. Our synthetic capabilities are providing tools to reproducibly generate intermetallic nanostructures with simultaneous control over crystal structure, composition, and morphology. This DOE-funded project aims to expand these capabilities to intermetallic superconductors. This could represent an important addition to the tools that are available for the synthesis and processing of intermetallic superconductors, which traditionally utilize high-temperature, high-pressure, thin film, or gas-phase vacuum deposition methods. Our current knowledge of intermetallic superconductors suggests that significant enhancements could result from the inherent benefits of low-temperature solution synthesis, e.g. metastable phase formation, control over nanoscale morphology to facilitate size-dependent property studies, robust and inexpensive processability, low-temperature annealing and consolidation, and impurity incorporation (for doping, stoichiometry control, flux pinning, and improving the critical fields). Our focus is on understanding the superconducting properties as a function of synthetic route, crystal structure, crystallite size, and morphology, and developing the synthetic tools necessary to accomplish this. This research program can currently be divided into two classes of superconducting materials: intermetallics (transition metal/post transition metal) and metal carbides/borides. Both involve the development and exploitation of low-temperature synthesis routes followed by detailed characterization of structures and properties, with the goal of understanding how the synthetic pathways influence key superconducting properties of selected target materials. Because of the low-temperature methods used to synthesize them and the nanocrystalline morphologies of many of the products, the superconductors and their nanocrystalline precursors are potentially amenable to inexpensive and large-scale solution-based processing into wires, coatings, films, and templated or patterned structures with nanoscale and microscale features. Also, because of the new synthetic variables that play a key role in the low-temperature formation of intermetallics, the possibility exists to discover new superconductors.

Schaak, Raymond E

2008-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

471

All-optical routing of single photons with multiple input and output ports by interferences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a waveguide-cavity coupled system to achieve the routing of photons by the phases of other photons. Our router has four input ports and four output ports. The transport of the coherent-state photons injected through any input port can be controlled by the phases of the coherent-state photons injected through other input ports. This control can be achieved when the mean numbers of the routed and control photons are small enough and require no additional control fields. Therefore, the all-optical routing of photons can be achieved at the single-photon level.

Wei-Bin Yan; Bao Liu; Ling Zhou; Heng Fan

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

472

Connectivity-Enhanced Route Selection and Adaptive Control for the Chevrolet Volt: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory and General Motors evaluated connectivity-enabled efficiency enhancements for the Chevrolet Volt. A high-level model was developed to predict vehicle fuel and electricity consumption based on driving characteristics and vehicle state inputs. These techniques were leveraged to optimize energy efficiency via green routing and intelligent control mode scheduling, which were evaluated using prospective driving routes between tens of thousands of real-world origin/destination pairs. The overall energy savings potential of green routing and intelligent mode scheduling was estimated at 5% and 3% respectively. These represent substantial opportunities considering that they only require software adjustments to implement.

Gonder, J.; Wood, E.; Rajagopalan, S.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Nanoparticle toxicity by the gastrointestinal route: evidence and knowledge gaps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The increasing interest in nanoparticles for advanced technologies, consumer products, and biomedical applications has led to great excitement about potential benefits but also concern over the potential for adverse human health effects. The gastrointestinal tract represents a likely route of entry for many nanomaterials, both directly through intentional ingestion or indirectly via nanoparticle dissolution from food containers or by secondary ingestion of inhaled particles. Additionally, increased utilisation of nanoparticles may lead to increased environmental contamination and unintentional ingestion via water, food animals, or fish. The gastrointestinal tract is a site of complex, symbiotic interactions between host cells and the resident microbiome. Accordingly, evaluation of nanoparticles must take into consideration not only absorption and extraintestinal organ accumulation but also the potential for altered gut microbes and the effects of this perturbation on the host. The existing literature was evaluated for evidence of toxicity based on these considerations. Focus was placed on three categories of nanomaterials: nanometals and metal oxides, carbon-based nanoparticles, and polymer/dendrimers with emphasis on those particles of greatest relevance to gastrointestinal exposures.

Ingrid L. Bergin; Frank A. Witzmann

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

ROUTING IN TIME-DEPENDENT AND LABELED NETWORKS  

SciTech Connect

We study routing problems in time-dependent and edge and/or vertex-labeled transportation networks. Labels allow one to express a number of discrete properties of the edges and nodes. The main focus is a unified algorithm that efficiently solves a number of seemingly unrelated problems in transportation science. Experimental data gained from modeling practical situations suggest that the formalism allows interesting compromises between the conflicting goals of generality and efficiency. 1. We use edge/vertex labels in the framework of Formal Language Constrained Path Problems to handle discrete choice constraints. The label set is usually small and does not depend on the graph. Edge labels induct! path labels, which allows us to impose feasibility constraints on the set of paths considered as shortest path candidates. Second, we propose monotonic piecewise-linear traversal functions to represent the time-dependent aspect of link delays. The applications that can be modeled include scheduled transit and time-windows. 3. Third, we combine the above models and capture a variety of natural problems in transportatiou science such as time-window constrained trip-chaining. The results demonstrate the robustness of the proposed formalisms. As evidence for our claims of practical efficiency in a realistic setting, we report preliminary computational experience from TRANSIMS case studies of Portland, Oregon.

Barrett, C. L. (Christopher L.); Bisset, K. R. (Keith R.); Jacob, R. (Riko); Konjevod, G. (Goran); Marathe, M. V. (Madhav V.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Chapter 6 - Alternative valorization routes (refinery, cogeneration, and rerefining residue)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Waste oil valorization in a refinery must be considered only after having done a complete feasibility evaluation. Wherever the waste oil is introduced, it should not modify the properties of the refinery products, or the normal operations or functions of the rerefining units. Most oil refineries are complex industrial sites characterized by a very large treated tonnage, a permanent operation of a continuous flow of products from desalination and atmospheric distillation upstream to the storage of finished products downstream passing through all the intermediate refining steps, and the necessity of adapting the units' operating conditions to the treated crude to maintain a good level of quality for the finished products. Other priorities include the need to increase the severity of operating conditions of hydrotreatment to produce gasoline, kerosene, and diesel oil from direct distillation or from thermal or catalytic cracking to comply with the standards for sulfur and aromatic compounds. These constraints provide a better understanding of the importance of alternative valorization routes.

François Audibert

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Research article Effects of patch attributes, barriers, and distance between patches on the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research article Effects of patch attributes, barriers, and distance between patches, Isolation, Lagidium, Matrix, Metapopulation, Mountain vizcacha, Patagonia, Patch size Abstract We tested whether size of habitat patches and distance between patches are sufficient to predict the distribution

Branch, Lyn C.

477

Reflection seismic profiling in Wabash Valley fault system in southwestern Indiana  

SciTech Connect

During the summer of 1988 common-depth-point (CDP) reflection seismic profiling was initiated by ARPEX in southwestern Indiana in the Wabash Valley fault system. A 2.2-im (1.4-mi) east-west profile was shot across the Mt. Vernon graben in Posey County. Minihole shooting in 21-m (68.9-ft) patterns using 3.4 kg (7.5 lb) of seismic explosives distributed in five 3-m (10-ft) holes provided the energy source. Most shotholes were made with a reversible air-driven penetrating tool that was effective in dense clays. The 12-geophone array length was 43 m (141 ft), and the nominal far-trace offset was 2.1 km (7,000 ft). A 48-channel recording yielded 24-CDP coverage at 11-m (36-ft) intervals. Data were enhanced by gapped deconvolution, bandpass filtering, and CDP stack. The strongest and most continuous reflections at 0.75 and 1.6 sec are associated with the New Albany Shale (Devonian-Mississippian) and Eau Claire Formation (Cambrian), respectively. Within the Mt. Vernon graben and east of the Spenser Consolidated oil field, the depth to Eau Claire Formation apparently increases by approximately 60 m (197 ft) over a horizontal distance of 1.4 km (0.9 mi). Minor faulting east of the Spencer Consolidated field appears to be synthetic to the Hovey lake fault, which bounds the eastern side of the Mt. Vernon graben. Tentative interpretations of faulting and weak reflections from depths greater than 4.5 km (15,000 ft) may be clarified by additional data processing and by additional seismic profiling planned by ARPEX.

Rene, R.M.; Hester, N.C.; Stanonis, F.L. (Indiana Univ., Bloomington (USA))

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Reflections on Money and Lean Construction Proceedings IGLC-7 253  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reflections on Money and Lean Construction Proceedings IGLC-7 253 REFLECTIONS ON MONEY AND LEAN CONSTRUCTION Federico Orrechia1 and Gregory A. Howell2 ABSTRACT Money is a particularly tricky resource to minimize risk of schedule overrun. Here again the role of money is to help clarify value for the client

Tommelein, Iris D.

479

Interactive Refractions with Total Internal Reflection Scott T Davis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

more e-mail: scott-davis-1@uiowa.edu e-mail:cwyman@cs.uiowa.edu efficient such as is the caseInteractive Refractions with Total Internal Reflection Scott T Davis University of Iowa Chris Wyman and improve upon approaches that avoid to- tal internal reflection. CR Categories: I.3.7 [Computer Graphics

Wyman, Chris

480

Reflection soft X-ray microscope and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reflection soft X-ray microscope is provided by generating soft X-ray beams, condensing the X-ray beams to strike a surface of an object at a predetermined angle, and focusing the X-ray beams reflected from the surface onto a detector, for recording an image of the surface or near surface features of the object under observation.

Suckewer, Szymon (Princeton, NJ); Skinner, Charles H. (Lawrenceville, NJ); Rosser, Roy (Princeton, NJ)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Laser beam reflection from shock waves in xenon and silicon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The experimental results of the laser beam (?=1 06 ?m) reflection from shock waves in xenon at P=1 6+17 GPa and in silicon at an insulator?metal transition region at P=10+46 GPa are presented. Reflection characteristics and possibility of the estimation of the electron properties of the substance under high pressures are discussed.

V. B. Mintsev; Yu. B. Zaporoghets; V. E. Fortov

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

High-calcium, high-reflectance limestone resources of Illinois  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...measurements were made using a Photovolt Corporat ion reflectance spectrophotometer complying with ASTM Standard E-97 and TAPPI tentative stan- d a r d T 6 4 6 M - 5 4 . E a c h s a m p l e f o r reflectance measurement was pressed into a briquet, using...

483

Reflection Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (2008) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

At Coso Geothermal Area (2008) At Coso Geothermal Area (2008) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (2008) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date 2008 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis A reflection survey was done to analyze the brittle upper plate structure revealed by reflection seismic data Notes The relationships between upper crustal faults, the brittle-ductile transition zone, and underlying magmatic features imaged by multifold seismic reflection data are consistent with the hypothesis that the Coso geothermal field, which lies within an extensional step-over between dextral faults, is a young, actively developing metamorphic core complex.

484

Seismic Reflection Data and Conceptual Models for Geothermal Development in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Seismic Reflection Data and Conceptual Models for Geothermal Development in Seismic Reflection Data and Conceptual Models for Geothermal Development in Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Seismic Reflection Data and Conceptual Models for Geothermal Development in Nevada Abstract Seismic reflection data were collected in two geothermalareas in Nevada to support geologic structural models andgeothermal well targeting. The data were integrated withsurface mapping, well results, and other geophysical data inconceptual geologic models in both areas. Faults wereinterpreted from reflection data based on reflector offsetsand apparent fault surface reflectors dipping away from therange front. Interpreted faults at Blue Mt., where severalwells have been drilled, correlated with well entries.Subsequent well targeting based on the conceptualstructural model

485

Reflection Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (1989) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reflection Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (1989) Reflection Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (1989) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (1989) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Reflection Survey Activity Date 1989 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Determine the crustul structure of the Coso geothermal system Notes In mid-1989 the authors designed and collected four seismic reflection/refraction profiles that addressed the crustal structure of the Coso geothermal field. The two main east-west and north-south profiles crossed at the southeastern most base of Sugar Loaf Mountain. Both in-line and cross-line Vibroseis and explosion data were recorded on each of these

486

Accurate Computation of Geodesic Distance Fields for Polygonal Curves on Triangle Meshes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate Computation of Geodesic Distance Fields for Polygonal Curves on Triangle Meshes David,kobbelt}@cs.rwth-aachen.de Abstract We present an algorithm for the efficient and accu- rate computation of geodesic distance fields the original algorithm is able to compute geodesic distances to isolated points on the mesh only, our

Frey, Pascal

487

Does Distance Still Matter? Revisiting the CSCW Fundamentals on Distributed Collaboration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Does distance still matter? Reporting on a comparative analysis of four ethnographic studies of global software development, this article analyzes the fundamental aspects of distance as depicted in the famous paper “Distance Matters.” ... Keywords: Common ground, closely coupled work, collaboration readiness, collaboration technology readiness, coupling of work

Pernille Bjørn, Morten Esbensen, Rasmus Eskild Jensen, Stina Matthiesen

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Modelling Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV) Protocol with Timed Automata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

protocols using Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector AODV [DPR02] as our test protocol. AODV is one of mobile adModelling Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV) Protocol with Timed Automata Sibusisiwe Chiyangwa On-demand Distance Vector protocol (AODV). Keywords: automatic veri#12;cation, model checking, real

Oxford, University of

489

E-Print Network 3.0 - auxiliary bus-bars routing Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: and VV cooling systems, vacuum pumping and fueling systems, LHe auxiliary cold box, and to route bus-bars... to the tokamak using air-cooled aluminum or copper bus...

490

Gossiping and Routing in Undirected Triple-Loop Alison Thomson and Sanming Zhou  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gossiping and Routing in Undirected Triple-Loop Networks Alison Thomson and Sanming Zhou Department with 1 a, b, c n - 1 such that a, n - a, b, n - b, c, n - c are pair- wise distinct, the undirected

Zhou, Sanming

491

Robust Distributed Routing in Dynamical Networks - Part II: Strong Resilience, Equilibrium Selection and Cascaded Failures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strong resilience properties of dynamical networks are analyzed for distributed routing policies. The latter are characterized by the property that the way the outflow at a non-destination node gets split among its outgoing ...

Como, Giacomo

492

Leveraging infrastructure : sustainable bus rapid transit route planning in Beirut, Lebanon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis applies the concepts of urban design, public transportation planning, economic development, and sustainability, to the routing and site plan of a two-kilometer bus rapid transit (BRT) line segment into downtown ...

Nabti, Jumana M., 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

A Green Route to Petroleum Feedstocks: Photochemistry of Fats and Oils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Green Route to Petroleum Feedstocks: Photochemistry of Fats and Oils ... We demonstrate that it is possible to generate long chain olefins from different fat sources, i.e., animal fat, vegetable oils/fats, and waste cooking oil. ...

Maria L. Muro-Small; Douglas C. Neckers

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

494

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive multicast routing Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

results for: adaptive multicast routing Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Geocasting in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks: Location-Based Multicast Algorithms Young-Bae Ko and Nitin H. Vaidya...

495

iBubble: Multi-keyword Routing Protocol for Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Matt Spear, Karl Levitt and S. Felix Wu Department of Computer Science UC Davis, Davis, CA 95616 Email. By utilizing keywords, iBubble bridges many routing and energy problems prevalent in WSN, and provides a simple

California at Davis, University of

496

System-Optimal Routing of Traffic Flows with User Constraints in Networks with Congestion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design of route-guidance systems faces a well-known dilemma. The approach that theoretically yields the system-optimal traffic pattern may discriminate against some users, for the sake of favoring ...

Jahn, Olaf

2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

497

Routes to Nanostructured Inorganic Materials with Potential for Solar Energy Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Routes to Nanostructured Inorganic Materials with Potential for Solar Energy Applications ... The behavior of the transition energies with temp. is explained by a self-energy correction attributed to the interaction between electrons and nonpolar phonons. ...

Karthik Ramasamy; Mohammad Azad Malik; Neerish Revaprasadu; Paul O’Brien

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

498

The development and evaluation of alternative designs for the Texas Farm-To-Market route marker  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

alternative designs were tested on a sample of 70 motorists from the Bryan/College Station community. Four laboratory tests were used to assess the effectiveness of the FM route marker designs. These tests were the glance legibility test, filtered...

Fenno, David W

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

499

A survey of routing techniques in store-and-forward and wormhole interconnects.  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an overview of algorithms for directing messages through networks of varying topology. These are commonly referred to as routing algorithms in the literature that is presented. In addition to providing background on networking terminology and router basics, the paper explains the issues of deadlock and livelock as they apply to routing. After this, there is a discussion of routing algorithms for both store-and-forward and wormhole-switched networks. The paper covers both algorithms that do and do not adapt to conditions in the network. Techniques targeting structured as well as irregular topologies are discussed. Following this, strategies for routing in the presence of faulty nodes and links in the network are described.

Holman, David Michael; Lee, David S.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

YOUR MARITIME SOLUTION PARTNER There is ongoing research of "Green Routes" as a part of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

minimizing fuel consumption. This can be done by controlling the path of the vessel as well as the speed of the vessel along the path. A framework for optimization of routes is being developed as part of the Mona Lisa

Patriksson, Michael