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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

SEAD: secure efficient distance vector routing for mobile wireless ad hoc networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEAD: secure efficient distance vector routing for mobile wireless ad hoc networks Yih-Chun Hu a University, Houston, TX 77005, USA Abstract An ad hoc network is a collection of wireless computers (nodes stations or access points. Although many previous ad hoc network routing protocols have been based in part

Ramkumar, Mahalingam

2

Ad-hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing Charles E. Perkins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-hoc networks. Each Mobile Host operates as a specialized router, and routes are obtained as needed i.e., on

Han, Richard Y.

3

Feedback Circuits in Evolving Networks: Micro-Macro Linkages for Biases in Attachment, Routing and Distance Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feedback Circuits in Evolving Networks: Micro-Macro Linkages for Biases in Attachment, Routing the phe- nomenon of feedback creation at the micro-level leads to changes in network topology at the macro and analyses still to be completed, v3.03) Abstract. We investigate information networks whose nodes can emit

White, Douglas R.

4

Routing Thoughts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a parallel machine with many thousands of processors the routing of information between processors is a key task, which turns out to require as much hardware and perhaps more sophistication than local computing itself. ...

Poggio, T.

5

Rail Routing Criteria Selection  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

TEC 12 File name 13 Example: Four Alternate Rail Routes From Fernald, OH to Caliente, NV Map source: WebTRAGIS TEC 13 File name 14 Ranking Route Length Total Route Length...

6

FPGA Implementation of a Maze Routing Accelerator John A. Nestor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This has motivated several proposals for hardware accelerators. Direct grid accelerators (e.g., [2]) map a shortest-path connection if one exists. The algorithm represents the routing surface as a rectangular grid ) for a connection of distance d, and cleanup is O(N2 ) for an N X N grid. Multilayer routing is even more costly

Nestor, John A.

7

Routing in hybrid networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid networks are networks that have wired as well as wireless components. Several routing protocols exist for traditional wired networks and mobile ad-hoc networks. However, there are very few routing protocols designed for hybrid networks...

Gupta, Avinash

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Laboratory Shuttle Bus Routes: Combined Routes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformationPostdocs space Combined Routes & Schedules Blue Route

9

A Comparison of Overlay Routing and Multihoming Route Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Comparison of Overlay Routing and Multihoming Route Control Aditya Akella Jeffrey Pang Bruce multihoming, route control, overlay routing Bruce Maggs is also with Akamai Technologies. This work Protocol (BGP) are often held responsible for fail- ures and poor performance of end-to-end transfers

Fisher, Kathleen

10

Securing Internet Routing Securing Internet Routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plane (Routing protocols): S h b d Secure BGP [Kent Lynn Seo 00] soBGP, IRV, SPV, pgBGP, psBGP, Listen Whisper etc · Set up paths between nodes [Kent Lynn Seo 00] Listen-Whisper, etc., Data Plane: · Given d Secure BGP [Kent Lynn Seo 00] soBGP, IRV, SPV, pgBGP, psBGP, Listen Whisper etc · Set up paths

Goldberg, Sharon

11

A hybrid metaheuristic to solve the vehicle routing problem with stochastic demand and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A hybrid metaheuristic to solve the vehicle routing problem with stochastic demand Introduction The vehicle routing problem with stochastic demands and probabilistic distance con- straints for a given product. Customer demands are met using an unlimited fleet of homogeneous vehicles located

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

12

Multi-robot routing for servicing spatio-temporal requests: A musically inspired problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

criteria (e.g., mini- mization of total distance travelled, completion time, or energy consumption the minimum number of robots required to service such requests. Keywords: assignment problems; autonomous mobile robots; optimization problems; vehicle routing. 1. INTRODUCTION Multi-robot routing

Egerstedt, Magnus

13

Collective network routing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are a unified method and apparatus to classify, route, and process injected data packets into a network so as to belong to a plurality of logical networks, each implementing a specific flow of data on top of a common physical network. The method allows to locally identify collectives of packets for local processing, such as the computation of the sum, difference, maximum, minimum, or other logical operations among the identified packet collective. Packets are injected together with a class-attribute and an opcode attribute. Network routers, employing the described method, use the packet attributes to look-up the class-specific route information from a local route table, which contains the local incoming and outgoing directions as part of the specifically implemented global data flow of the particular virtual network.

Hoenicke, Dirk

2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

14

Column generation heuristic for a rich arc routing Application to railroad track inspection routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/LAAS) Optimising maintenance routing ATMOS 2010 7 / 24 #12;Literature review Industrial arc routing problems Hasle

Ingrand, François

15

Distance-dependent radiation chemistry: Oxidation versus hydrogenation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

oxidation of CO in layered H2OCOH2O ices was investigated with infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy (IRAS) as function of the distance of the CO layer from the...

16

Cognitively Ergonomic Route Alexander Klippel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cognitively Ergonomic Route Directions Alexander Klippel C R C - S p a t i a l I n f o r m a t i o principles that allow us to define what makes route directions cognitively ergonomic, technical aspects for cognitively ergonomic route directions (Denis, 1997; Lovelace, Hegarty, & Montello, 1999; Tversky & Lee, 1999

Klippel, Alexander

17

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) Model and Network Databases The Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) model is a geographic information system tool for modeling transportation routing. TRAGIS offers numerous options for route calculation

18

Selfish Routing in Capacitated Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

According to Wardrop's first principle, agents in a congested network choose their routes selfishly, a behavior that is captured by the Nash equilibrium of the underlying ...

Correa, Jose R.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Oak Ridge via State Route  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Knoxville Nashville Oak Ridge via State Route 162 North STAYBRIDGE SUITES THE VISTA INN PROJECT OFFICE COMMERCE PARK OAK RIDGE/KNOXVILLE DETAILED ROUTE MAP A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R PARK (FORMERLY K-25 PLANT) OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY (X-10) Y-12 NATIONAL SECURITY COMPLEX 1 2 SNS

20

Oak Ridge via State Route  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Knoxville Nashville Oak Ridge via State Route 162 North OAK RIDGE INN & SUITES THE RIDGE INN. TRANSFER SNS PROJECT OFFICE COMMERCE PARK OAK RIDGE/KNOXVILLE ROUTE MAP A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R CIVIC COLISEUM UT MAIN CAMPUS UT AGRICULTURAL CAMPUS KNOXVILLE LEGEND OAK RIDGE LEGEND To Chattanooga (I

Pennycook, Steve

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Neutron reflecting supermirror structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources.

Wood, James L. (Drayton Plains, MI)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Neutron reflecting supermirror structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources. 2 figs.

Wood, J.L.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Associative skew clock routing for difficult instances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis studies the associative skew clock routing problem, which seeks a clock routing tree such that zero skew is preserved only within identified groups of sinks. Although the number of constraints is reduced, the problem becomes more...

Kim, Min-seok

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

24

Stochastic ship fleet routing with inventory limits   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes a stochastic ship routing problem with inventory management. The problem involves finding a set of least costs routes for a fleet of ships transporting a single commodity when the demand for ...

Yu, Yu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Accident causation study on roadways with limited sight distance crest vertical curves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reflect the driver and vehicle population currently on the transportation network. An accident causation study was conducted to determine if roadways with limited stopping sight distance present a safety hazard for the transportation network. Rural two...

Stoddard, Angela May

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Tandem resonator reflectance modulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wide band optical modulator is grown on a substrate as tandem Fabry-Perot resonators including three mirrors spaced by two cavities. The absorption of one cavity is changed relative to the absorption of the other cavity by an applied electric field, to cause a change in total reflected light, as light reflecting from the outer mirrors is in phase and light reflecting from the inner mirror is out of phase with light from the outer mirrors. 8 figs.

Fritz, I.J.; Wendt, J.R.

1994-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

27

The multi-stop aircraft routing problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the multi-stop aircraft routing problem, determining the sequence of stops and the number of passengers to carry in each segment route. The objective of the aircraft routing problem is to maximize the profit derived from the transportation...

Garci?a Castan?eda, Salvador

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

CONTRACT ROUTING FORM LOUISIANA TECH UNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONTRACT ROUTING FORM LOUISIANA TECH UNIVERSITY This form is designed for use in routing contracts Services Contracts or contracts administered through the Office of University Research. Name of Person initiating the Routing Process Name of Department Other Party (on contract) Purpose of contract or work

Selmic, Sandra

29

On Lifetime Extension and Route Stabilization of Energy-Efficient Broadcast Routing over MANET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of network lifetime. Keywords MANET, Adhoc Networks, Energy Efficient Routing, Multicasting Tree, BIP an approach that tries to develop energy-efficient broadcast routing trees. They presented a tree constructionOn Lifetime Extension and Route Stabilization of Energy- Efficient Broadcast Routing over MANET

Poovendran, Radha

30

Neutron reflecting supermirror structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure comprising a plurality of stacked sets of bilayers of neutron reflecting materials. The improved neutron reflecting supermirror structure is adapted to provide extremely good performance at high incidence angles, i.e. up to four time the critical angle of standard neutron mirror structures. The reflection of neutrons striking the supermirror structure at a high critical angle provides enhanced neutron throughput, and hence more efficient and economical use of neutron sources. One layer of each set of bilayers consist of titanium, and the second layer of each set of bilayers consist of an alloy of nickel with carbon interstitially present in the nickel alloy.

Wood, James L. (Drayton Plains, MI)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Norwegian house mice (Mus musculus musculus/domesticus): distributions, routes of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Norwegian house mice (Mus musculus musculus/domesticus): distributions, routes of colonization commensal subspecies of house mouse in Norway: Mus musculus domesticus and M. m. musculus. Five nuclear, reflecting passive human transport to Norway, probably during the Viking period. M. m. musculus may have

Nachman, Michael

32

Deterministic Many-to-Many Hot Potato Routing Allan Borodin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deterministic Many-to-Many Hot Potato Routing Allan Borodin Yuval Rabani Baruch Schieber Abstract We consider algorithms for many-to-many hot potato routing. In hot potato (deflection) routing in each time step. We consider a form of routing known as hot potato routing or deflection routing [1, 5

Borodin, Allan

33

Reflection beamshifts of visible light due to graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I present theoretical calculations of reflection beamshifts, Goos-H\\"anchen and Imbert-Fedorov shifts, due to the presence of a monolayer graphene on a dielectric media when using a beam with wavelength in the visible range. Specifically, I look at beamshifts for different polarization states (p, s, $45^0$, $\\sigma^+$). The Goos-H\\"anchen shifts I calculated are in good agreement with results of a recent experiment. I will discuss other possible experimental routes to determine beamshifts in graphene.

Hermosa, N

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Scanning optical microscope with long working distance objective  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A scanning optical microscope, including: a light source to generate a beam of probe light; collimation optics to substantially collimate the probe beam; a probe-result beamsplitter; a long working-distance, infinity-corrected objective; scanning means to scan a beam spot of the focused probe beam on or within a sample; relay optics; and a detector. The collimation optics are disposed in the probe beam. The probe-result beamsplitter is arranged in the optical paths of the probe beam and the resultant light from the sample. The beamsplitter reflects the probe beam into the objective and transmits resultant light. The long working-distance, infinity-corrected objective is also arranged in the optical paths of the probe beam and the resultant light. It focuses the reflected probe beam onto the sample, and collects and substantially collimates the resultant light. The relay optics are arranged to relay the transmitted resultant light from the beamsplitter to the detector.

Cloutier, Sylvain G. (Newark, DE)

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

35

Zone routing in a torus network  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for routing data in a network comprising a network logic device at a sending node for determining a path between the sending node and a receiving node, wherein the network logic device sets one or more selection bits and one or more hint bits within the data packet, a control register for storing one or more masks, wherein the network logic device uses the one or more selection bits to select a mask from the control register and the network logic device applies the selected mask to the hint bits to restrict routing of the data packet to one or more routing directions for the data packet within the network and selects one of the restricted routing directions from the one or more routing directions and sends the data packet along a link in the selected routing direction toward the receiving node.

Chen, Dong; Heidelberger, Philip; Kumar, Sameer

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

36

Consort: NodeConsort: Node--constrainedconstrained Opportunistic Routing in WirelessOpportunistic Routing in Wireless  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Mobile Computing, 2003. K. W. Choi, W. S. Jeon, and D. G. Jeong, "Efficient Load-Aware Routing Scheme. Sankar and Z. Liu, "Maximum Lifetime Routing in Wireless Ad- hoc Networks," IEEE INFOCOM'04. P. P. Pham

Xue, Guoliang

37

A ROUTE IMPROVEMENT ALGORITHM FOR THE VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM WITH TIME DEPENDENT TRAVEL TIMES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This research presents a new solution approach, an iterative route construction and improvement algorithm (IRCI such as greenhouse gases, noise, and air pollution. Routing models with time-varying travel times are gaining greater attention in vehicle routing literature and industry. However, research on the time dependent vehicle

Bertini, Robert L.

38

Constraint Satisfaction in Optical Routing for Passive Wavelength-Routed Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). Latin Routers are attractive for optical network design because of their fault-tolerance and low costConstraint Satisfaction in Optical Routing for Passive Wavelength-Routed Networks Dhritiman of lightpaths in an optical network, which employs a passive wavelength routing device called a Latin Router (LR

California at Davis, University of

39

Long working distance interference microscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a long working distance interference microscope suitable for three-dimensional imaging and metrology of MEMS devices and test structures on a standard microelectronics probe station. The long working distance of 10-30 mm allows standard probes or probe cards to be used. This enables nanometer-scale 3-D height profiles of MEMS test structures to be acquired across an entire wafer. A well-matched pair of reference/sample objectives is not required, significantly reducing the cost of this microscope, as compared to a Linnik microinterferometer.

Sinclair, Michael B.; DeBoer, Maarten P.; Smith, Norman F.

2004-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

40

Entropy distance: New quantum phenomena  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study a curve of Gibbsian families of complex 3 Multiplication-Sign 3-matrices and point out new features, absent in commutative finite-dimensional algebras: a discontinuous maximum-entropy inference, a discontinuous entropy distance, and non-exposed faces of the mean value set. We analyze these problems from various aspects including convex geometry, topology, and information geometry. This research is motivated by a theory of infomax principles, where we contribute by computing first order optimality conditions of the entropy distance.

Weis, Stephan [Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, Inselstr. 22, D-04103 Leipzig (Germany); Knauf, Andreas [Department of Mathematics, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Cauerstr. 11, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Inventory Routing Problem Ann Campbell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Inventory Routing Problem Ann Campbell Lloyd Clarke Anton Kleywegt Martin Savelsbergh 1 in which a supplier manages the inventory replenishment of its customers. Vendors save on distribution cost resources to inventory management. We present and discuss the inventory routing problem. The inven­ tory

Kleywegt, Anton

42

Introducing Fraunhofer Personal reflection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ they are not part of the University. The Centres form an integral part of that country's innovation system while for Sustainable Energy Systems. The Fraunhofer model is certainly applicable to the UK (the Fraunhofer modelIntroducing Fraunhofer Personal reflection I have taken a keen interest in Fraunhofer Geselleschaft

Mottram, Nigel

43

Inventory Rebalancing and Vehicle Routing in Bike Sharing Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inventory Rebalancing and Vehicle Routing in Bike Sharing Systems Jasper Schuijbroek School station, and designing (near-)optimal vehicle routes to rebalance the inventory. Since finding provably : vehicle routing and scheduling, inventory, queues: applications, programming: integer, programming

Sadeh, Norman M.

44

Improving service availability during link failure transients through alternate routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. A. Motivation B. Previous Work . . 1. Impact on voice service quality due to link failures 2. Alternate routing in general networks 3. Deflection routing for connection-oriented networks 4. Deflection routing for all-optical networks snd spe... of alternate routing. . . . . . . 2. Loop back case of alternate routing 3. Multiple deflection case of alternate routing B. Flow of the Algorithm C. Algorithm B. . . D. Complexity and Correctness 15 15 17 18 21 23 25 IV PERFORMANCE EVALUATION . 26...

Vellanki, Siridhar

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Direct Photonic-Plasmonic Coupling and Routing in Single Nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metallic nanoscale structures are capable of supporting surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs), propagating collective electron oscillations with tight spatial confinement at the metal surface. SPPs represent one of the most promising structures to beat the diffraction limit imposed by conventional dielectric optics. Ag nano wires have drawn increasing research attention due to 2D sub-100 nm mode confinement and lower losses as compared with fabricated metal structures. However, rational and versatile integration of Ag nanowires with other active and passive optical components, as well as Ag nanowire based optical routing networks, has yet to be achieved. Here, we demonstrate that SPPs can be excited simply by contacting a silver nanowire with a SnO2 nanoribbon that serves both as an unpolarized light source and a dielectric waveguide. The efficient coupling makes it possible to measure the propagation-distance-dependent waveguide spectra and frequency-dependent propagation length on a single Ag nanowire. Furthermore, we have demonstrated prototypical photonic-plasmonic routing devices, which are essential for incorporating low-loss Ag nanowire waveguides as practical components into high-capacity photonic circuits.

Yan, Rouxue; Pausauskie, Peter; Huang, Jiaxing; Yang, Piedong

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

46

Lessons Learned from a Regional Approach to Route Selection for...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

have a better feel for routes that run through their jurisdictions * States felt that EIS routes were a poor starting point for discussions * Regional framework has worked well...

47

Proactive techniques for correct and predictable Internet routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Internet is composed of thousands of autonomous, competing networks that exchange reachability information using an interdomain routing protocol. Network operators must continually reconfigure the routing protocols to ...

Feamster, Nicholas G. (Nicholas Greer), 1979-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Innovative Nano-structuring Routes for Novel ThermoelectricMaterials...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Nano-structuring Routes for Novel Thermoelectric Materials;Phonon Blocking & DOS Engineering Innovative Nano-structuring Routes for Novel Thermoelectric Materials;Phonon Blocking &...

49

DOE Office of Nuclear Energy Transportation Planning, Route Selection...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

DOE Office of Nuclear Energy Transportation Planning, Route Selection, and Rail Issues DOE Office of Nuclear Energy Transportation Planning, Route Selection, and Rail Issues...

50

Reflective optical imaging system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate. The four optical elements are characterized in order from object to image as convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical system is particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention increases the slit dimensions associated with ringfield scanning optics, improves wafer throughput and allows higher semiconductor device density.

Shafer, David R. (Fairfield, CT)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Geologic selection methodology for transportation corridor routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A lack of planning techniques and processes on long, linear, cut and cover-tunneling route transportation systems has resulted because of the advancement of transportation systems into underground corridors. The proposed methodology is tested...

Shultz, Karin Wilson

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Bound Improvement for LNG Inventory Routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the business cases and common characteristics for LNG inventory routing can be seen ... incumbent solutions are developed to solve this model more efficiently. ...... associated voyage (v,a) can be selected depends on the resource availability

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

53

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) to Spent Fuel Routing Analysis P. E. Johnson R.R. Rawl Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRAGIS is being used by OCRWM to identify...

54

Decision making process and factors routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research studies the decision-making process and the factors that affect truck routing. The data collection involved intercept interviews with truck drivers at three rest area and truck stops along major highways in ...

Sun, Yichen, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Online optimization in routing and scheduling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis we study online optimization problems in routing and scheduling. An online problem is one where the problem instance is revealed incrementally. Decisions can (and sometimes must) be made before all information ...

Wagner, Michael R. (Michael Robert), 1978-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

IT Licentiate theses Ad Hoc Routing Protocol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IT Licentiate theses 2005-004 Ad Hoc Routing Protocol Validation OSKAR WIBLING UPPSALA UNIVERSITY SWEDEN Dissertation for the degree of Licentiate of Technology in Computer Science at Uppsala University

Flener, Pierre

57

Dynamic Vehicle Routing with Stochastic Time Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study a dynamic vehicle routing problem where demands have stochastic deadlines on their waiting times. Specifically, a network of robotic vehicles must service demands whose time of arrival, location and ...

Pavone, Marco

58

Multiple Vehicle Routing Problem with Fuel Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, a Multiple Vehicle Routing Problem with Fuel Constraints (MVRPFC) is considered. This problem consists of a field of targets to be visited, and a collection of vehicles with fuel tanks that may visit the targets. Consideration...

Levy, David

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

59

Algorithms for Multiple Vehicle Routing Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surveillance and monitoring applications require a collection of heterogeneous vehicles to visit a set of targets. This dissertation considers three fundamental routing problems involving multiple vehicles that arise in these applications. The main...

Bae, Jung Yun

2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

60

Hybrid vehicle-centric route guidance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis proposes a hybrid route guidance system in which predictive guidance is generated in a centralized layer and revised in a reactive, decentralized layer that resides on-board the vehicle. This hybrid approach ...

Farver, Jennifer M. (Jennifer Margaret), 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Hybrid Routing in Delay Tolerant Networks.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This work addresses the integration of today's infrastructure-based networks with infrastructure-less networks. The resulting Hybrid Routing System allows for communication over both network types and… (more)

Mayer, Christoph P.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Hybrid routing in delay tolerant networks.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This work addresses the integration of today\\'s infrastructure-based networks with infrastructure-less networks. The resulting Hybrid Routing System allows for communication over both network types and… (more)

Mayer, Christoph P.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Metrics and methods for social distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distance measures are important for scientists because they illustrate the dynamics of geospatial topologies for physical and social processes. Two major types of distance are generally used for this purpose: Euclidean ...

Andris, Clio

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

An Energy-Aware On-Demand Routing Protocol for Ad-Hoc Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An ad-hoc wireless network is a collection of nodes that come together to dynamically create a network, with no fixed infrastructure or centralized administration. An ad-hoc network is characterized by energy constrained nodes, bandwidth constrained links and dynamic topology. With the growing use of wireless networks (including ad-hoc networks) for real-time applications, such as voice, video, and real-time data, the need for Quality of Service (QoS) guarantees in terms of delay, bandwidth, and packet loss is becoming increasingly important. Providing QoS in ad-hoc networks is a challenging task because of dynamic nature of network topology and imprecise state information. Hence, it is important to have a dynamic routing protocol with fast re-routing capability, which also provides stable route during the life-time of the flows. In this thesis, we have proposed a novel, energy aware, stable routing protocol named, Stability-based QoS-capable Ad-hoc On-demand Distance Vector (SQ-AODV), which is an enhancement...

Veerayya, Mallapur

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

AN ITERATIVE ROUTE CONSTRUCTION AND IMPROVEMENT ALGORITHM FOR THE VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM WITH SOFT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

time windows exceeds the number of available vehicles, (b) a study of cost-service tradeoffs of available vehicles, (b) a study of cost-service tradeoffs is required, and (c) the dispatcher has1 AN ITERATIVE ROUTE CONSTRUCTION AND IMPROVEMENT ALGORITHM FOR THE VEHICLE ROUTING PROBLEM

Bertini, Robert L.

66

The Balanced Billing Cycle Vehicle Routing Problem  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utility companies typically send their meter readers out each day of the billing cycle in order to determine each customer s usage for the period. Customer churn requires the utility company to periodically remove some customer locations from its meter-reading routes. On the other hand, the addition of new customers and locations requires the utility company to add newstops to the existing routes. A utility that does not adjust its meter-reading routes over time can find itself with inefficient routes and, subsequently, higher meter-reading costs. Furthermore, the utility can end up with certain billing days that require substantially larger meter-reading resources than others. However, remedying this problem is not as simple as it may initially seem. Certain regulatory and customer service considerations can prevent the utility from shifting a customer s billing day by more than a few days in either direction. Thus, the problem of reducing the meterreading costs and balancing the workload can become quite difficult. We describe this Balanced Billing Cycle Vehicle Routing Problem in more detail and develop an algorithm for providing solutions to a slightly simplified version of the problem. Our algorithm uses a combination of heuristics and integer programming via a three-stage algorithm. We discuss the performance of our procedure on a real-world data set.

Groer, Christopher S [ORNL; Golden, Bruce [University of Maryland; Edward, Wasil [American University

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

An Indirect Route for Ethanol Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ZeaChem indirect method is a radically new approach to producing fuel ethanol from renewable resources. Sugar and syngas processing platforms are combined in a novel way that allows all fractions of biomass feedstocks (e.g. carbohydrates, lignins, etc.) to contribute their energy directly into the ethanol product via fermentation and hydrogen based chemical process technologies. The goals of this project were: (1) Collect engineering data necessary for scale-up of the indirect route for ethanol production, and (2) Produce process and economic models to guide the development effort. Both goals were successfully accomplished. The projected economics of the Base Case developed in this work are comparable to today's corn based ethanol technology. Sensitivity analysis shows that significant improvements in economics for the indirect route would result if a biomass feedstock rather that starch hydrolyzate were used as the carbohydrate source. The energy ratio, defined as the ratio of green energy produced divided by the amount of fossil energy consumed, is projected to be 3.11 to 12.32 for the indirect route depending upon the details of implementation. Conventional technology has an energy ratio of 1.34, thus the indirect route will have a significant environmental advantage over today's technology. Energy savings of 7.48 trillion Btu/yr will result when 100 MMgal/yr (neat) of ethanol capacity via the indirect route is placed on-line by the year 2010.

Eggeman, T.; Verser, D.; Weber, E.

2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

68

Learner characteristics involved in distance learning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Distance learning represents a strategy for leveraging resources to solve educational and training needs. Although many distance learning programs have been developed, lessons learned regarding differences between distance learning and traditional education with respect to learner characteristics have not been well documented. Therefore, we conducted a survey of 20 distance learning professionals. The questionnaire was distributed to experts attending the second Distance Learning Conference sponsored by Los Alamos National Laboratory. This survey not only acquired demographic information from each of the respondents but also identified important distance learning student characteristics. Significant distance learner characteristics, which were revealed statistically and which influence the effectiveness of distance learning, include the following: reading level, student autonomy, and self-motivation. Distance learning cannot become a more useful and effective method of instruction without identifying and recognizing learner characteristics. It will be important to consider these characteristics when designing all distance learning courses. This paper will report specific survey findings and their implications for developing distance learning courses. 9 refs., 6 tabs.

Cernicek, A.T.; Hahn, H.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

ON PULSAR DISTANCE MEASUREMENTS AND THEIR UNCERTAINTIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurate distances to pulsars can be used for a variety of studies of the Galaxy and its electron content. However, most distance measures to pulsars have been derived from the absorption (or lack thereof) of pulsar emission by Galactic H I gas, which typically implies that only upper or lower limits on the pulsar distance are available. We present a critical analysis of all measured H I distance limits to pulsars and other neutron stars, and translate these limits into actual distance estimates through a likelihood analysis that simultaneously corrects for statistical biases. We also apply this analysis to parallax measurements of pulsars in order to obtain accurate distance estimates and find that the parallax and H I distance measurements are biased in different ways, because of differences in the sampled populations. Parallax measurements typically underestimate a pulsar's distance because of the limited distance to which this technique works and the consequential strong effect of the Galactic pulsar distribution (i.e., the original Lutz-Kelker bias), in H I distance limits, however, the luminosity bias dominates the Lutz-Kelker effect, leading to overestimated distances because the bright pulsars on which this technique is applicable are more likely to be nearby given their brightness.

Verbiest, J. P. W.; Lee, K. J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, Auf dem Huegel 69, 53121 Bonn (Germany); Weisberg, J. M.; Chael, A. A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Carleton College, Northfield, MN 55057 (United States); Lorimer, D. R. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States)

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

70

Universal signal processing method for multimode reflective sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reference amplitude in the measurements. Generation of transmitted pulse and triggering of the monitoring satnple and hold chips was accomplished using existing PROM technology. Optical signals were received by a 600 MHz unity gain bandwidth receiver.... In the experiment, the effect of losses was introduced in the fiber by the use of bulkhead connections. The reflected pulse amplitudes of the reference and sensor pulses were measured while the sensor mirror distance was varied, and The ratio of sensor...

Larson, Robert Eugene

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Controlled entanglement routing between two virtual pathways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate controlled entanglement routing between bunching and antibunching path-entangled two-photon states in an unbalanced Mach-Zehnder interferometer (UMZI), in which the routing process is controlled by the relative phase difference in the UMZI. Regarding bunching and antibunching path-entangled two-photon states as two virtual ports, we can consider the UMZI as a controlled entanglement router, which bases on the coherent manipulation of entanglement. Half of the entanglement within the input two-photon state is coherently routed between the two virtual ports, while the other is lost due to the time distinguishability introduced by the UMZI. Pure bunching or antibunching path entangled two-photon states are obtained based on this controlled entanglement router. The results show that we can employ the UMZI as general entanglement router for practical quantum information application.

Qiang Zhou; Shuai Dong; Wei Zhang; Lixing You; Yuhao He; Weijun Zhang; Yidong Huang; Jiangde Peng

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

72

Variable area light reflecting assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Device for tracking daylight and projecting it into a building. The device tracks the sun and automatically adjusts both the orientation and area of the reflecting surface. The device may be mounted in either a wall or roof of a building. Additionally, multiple devices may be employed in a light shaft in a building, providing daylight to several different floors. The preferred embodiment employs a thin reflective film as the reflecting device. One edge of the reflective film is fixed, and the opposite end is attached to a spring-loaded take-up roller. As the sun moves across the sky, the take-up roller automatically adjusts the angle and surface area of the film. Additionally, louvers may be mounted at the light entrance to the device to reflect incoming daylight in an angle perpendicular to the device to provide maximum reflective capability when daylight enters the device at non-perpendicular angles.

Howard, Thomas C. (Raleigh, NC)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Variable area light reflecting assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Device is described for tracking daylight and projecting it into a building. The device tracks the sun and automatically adjusts both the orientation and area of the reflecting surface. The device may be mounted in either a wall or roof of a building. Additionally, multiple devices may be employed in a light shaft in a building, providing daylight to several different floors. The preferred embodiment employs a thin reflective film as the reflecting device. One edge of the reflective film is fixed, and the opposite end is attached to a spring-loaded take-up roller. As the sun moves across the sky, the take-up roller automatically adjusts the angle and surface area of the film. Additionally, louvers may be mounted at the light entrance to the device to reflect incoming daylight in an angle perpendicular to the device to provide maximum reflective capability when daylight enters the device at non-perpendicular angles. 9 figs.

Howard, T.C.

1986-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

74

Route profile analysis system and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for recording terrain profile information is disclosed. The system accurately senses incremental distances traveled by a vehicle along with vehicle inclination, recording both with elapsed time. The incremental distances can subsequently be differentiated with respect to time to obtain acceleration. The computer acceleration can then be used to correct the sensed inclination.

Mullenhoff, D.J.; Wilson, S.W.

1982-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

75

Channel Routing for Integrated Optics Christopher Condrat  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Channel Routing for Integrated Optics Christopher Condrat (chris@g6net.com) Priyank Kalla (kalla, Salt Lake City, UT, USA Abstract--Increasing scope and applications of integrated optics necessitates the development of automated techniques for physical design of optical systems. This paper presents an automated

Kalla, Priyank

76

Multi-objective routing in ATM networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we extend the schedulable region concept from a mission control for one link only to a network-wide routing and admission approach in ATM networks. We assume that four traffic types traverse the network, i.e., constant bit...

Mennenga, Menno

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Energy Efficient Routing with Mutual Information Accumulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the use of ideal rateless codes, so that a node can accumulate transmission rates from the transmission problem becomes more complex, as it involves the determination of 1) Routing path, 2) Transmission duration of each node, and 3) Transmission power of each node. We formulated the problem as an optimization

Boyer, Edmond

78

Application of network coding for VLSI routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Coding Advantage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 5. Encoding Complexity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 III MULTI-NET ROUTING ON UNRESTRICTED RECTILIN- EAR PLANE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 A. Problem... 14 Wirelength reduction for hard blockages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 15 Network coding in the presence of hard blockage . . . . . . . . . 36 16 Wirelength reduction for soft blockages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 17 Wirelength reduction...

Nemade, Nikhil Pandit

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

Routes to wild dynamics Lorenzo J. DIAZ  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Routes to wild dynamics Lorenzo J. D´IAZ Departamento de Matem´atica Pontif´icia Universidade Cat to wild dynamics. We first discuss the C2 persistent coexistence of infinitely many sinks associated (but good) idea of L´opez de S´a, we studied a paper on wild dynamics, the so-called Newhouse

Ruiz, JesĂşs M.

80

Vehicle routing and staffing for sedan service  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

routing the fleet throughout the day to satisfy customer demands within tight time ... response to single a new input, this yields a system in which the car service provider ..... Instead of building a graph separately for each subproblem, we build a ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Route to: WOC Wetlands Oversight Committee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Route to: WOC PPS PS Wetlands Oversight Committee Phone: 425-352-3557 / Fax: 425-352-5431 Wetlands Restoration Area (WRA) ACCESS REQUEST FORM All tours are required to complete this form and have Phone No. E-mail Purpose of Tour ­ (Access to these wetlands is limited for research and educational

Queitsch, Christine

82

Route to: WOC Wetlands Oversight Committee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Route to: WOC PPS PS Wetlands Oversight Committee Phone: 425-352-5557 / Fax: 425-352-5431 Wetlands Restoration Area SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH PERMIT REQUEST FORM Name of Principal Investigator Position is it important that this study be done at the UWB-CCC wetland site? . What parts of the site will you need access

Queitsch, Christine

83

Optical distance measurement device and method thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method of efficiently obtaining distance measurements of a target. A modulated optical beam may be used to determine the distance to the target. A first beam splitter may be used to split the optical beam and a second beam splitter may be used to recombine a reference beam with a return ranging beam. An optical mixing detector may be used in a receiver to efficiently detect distance measurement information.

Bowers, Mark W. (Patterson, CA)

2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

84

NextSTEPS White Paper: Three Routes Forward for Biofuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NextSTEPS White Paper: Three Routes Forward for Biofuels: Incremental, Transitional, and Leapfrog NOT CITE #12;Three Routes Forward for Biofuels: Incremental, Transitional, and Leapfrog 2 Contents ......................................................................................................................................12 1.a. The Need for Low Carbon Biofuels

California at Davis, University of

85

Assessment of Landmark Visibility for Automated Wayfinding Route Instructions   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by increasing people’s ability to use, remember and communicate routes. This research addresses the problem of incorporating landmark knowledge into automatically generated route instructions by exploring the full lifecycle of application development. Two...

Frankland, David

2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

86

Vehicle Routing in a Forestry Commissioning Operation using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicle Routing in a Forestry Commissioning Operation using Ant Colony Optimisation Edward Kent where con- straints have been produced from a real world forestry commissioning dataset. In the problem. Keywords: Ant Colony Optimisation; Forestry Commissioning; Inter- route Constraints 1 Introduction

Qu, Rong

87

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print Wednesday, 24 February 2010 00:00 If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will...

88

Lambda network having 2.sup.m-1 nodes in each of m stages with each node coupled to four other nodes for bidirectional routing of data packets between nodes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The Lambda network is a single stage, packet-switched interprocessor communication network for a distributed memory, parallel processor computer. Its design arises from the desired network characteristics of minimizing mean and maximum packet transfer time, local routing, expandability, deadlock avoidance, and fault tolerance. The network is based on fixed degree nodes and has mean and maximum packet transfer distances where n is the number of processors. The routing method is detailed, as are methods for expandability, deadlock avoidance, and fault tolerance.

Napolitano, Jr., Leonard M. (825 El Quanito Dr., Danville, CA 94526)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Hazardous Waste Minimum Distance Requirements (Connecticut)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These regulations set minimum distance requirements between certain types of facilities that generate, process, store, and dispose of hazardous waste and other land uses. The regulations require an...

90

Solar-aware Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar-aware Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Thiemo Voigt, Hartmut Ritter and Jochen Schiller energy sources such as solar power may provide unlimited energy resources to a changing subset these nodes is appealing. In this paper, we present solar-aware routing, a rout- ing protocol for wireless

91

GAPRUS -GENETIC ALGORITHMS BASED PIPE ROUTING USING TESSELLATED OBJECTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GAPRUS - GENETIC ALGORITHMS BASED PIPE ROUTING USING TESSELLATED OBJECTS Sunand Sandurkar Software OF COMPUTERS IN INDUSTRY, SEPT. 10, 98 #12;2 ABSTRACT Pipe routing is the technique of developing collision free routes for pipes between two locations in an environment scattered with obstacles. In the past

Chen, Wei

92

Method for route selection of transcontinental natural gas pipelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Method for route selection of transcontinental natural gas pipelines Fotios G. Thomaidis1@kepa.uoa.gr Abstract. The route of transcontinental natural gas pipelines is characterized by complexity, compared choices. Keywords: Optimum route method, natural gas, transcontinental pipelines, Caspian Region ­ E

Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

93

A Probabilistic Routing Disruption Attack on DSR and Its Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Probabilistic Routing Disruption Attack on DSR and Its Analysis Ă?zleyi Ocakolu, Burak Bayolu}@sabanciuniv.edu Abstract -- In this paper, we propose an attack model against DSR ad hoc network routing protocol and analyze the effects of this attack model on DSR route discovery mechanism. The analysis of the attack

Levi, Albert

94

A Locationaided Poweraware Routing Protocol in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­hop wireless ad­hoc networks, designing energy­efficient rout­ ing protocols is critical since nodes are power be mobile, demanding the energy­efficient routing protocol to be fully distributed and adaptive­ spect to end­to­end energy­efficient routes. Finally, preliminary simulation results are presented

Nahrstedt, Klara

95

Jamming-Aware Minimum Energy Routing in Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Jamming-Aware Minimum Energy Routing in Wireless Networks Azadeh Sheikholeslami, Majid Ghaderi; however, energy-aware routing in the presence of active adversary (jammers) has not been considered. We. There has been some study of energy-aware ad hoc routing protocols in the literature [13], [14], [15], [16

Goeckel, Dennis L.

96

Knots and Minimum Distance Energy Rosanna Speller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Knots and Minimum Distance Energy Rosanna Speller (Dated: May 11, 2008) Professor Elizabeth Denne have least Minimum Distance Energy. I previously showed that the energy is minimized for convex polygons. We hope relating the energy to chords of polygons will be a helpful step towards showing

Denne, Elizabeth

97

THE EXTRAGALACTIC DISTANCE SCALE WITHOUT CEPHEIDS. IV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cepheid period-luminosity relation is the primary distance indicator used in most determinations of the Hubble constant. The tip of the red giant branch (TRGB) is an alternative basis. Using the new Australian National University (ANU) SkyMapper Telescope, we calibrate the Tully-Fisher relation in the I band. We find that the TRGB and Cepheid distance scales are consistent.

Hislop, Lachlan; Mould, Jeremy [School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Vic 3010 (Australia); Schmidt, Brian; Bessell, Michael S.; Da Costa, Gary; Francis, Paul; Keller, Stefan; Tisserand, Patrick; Rapoport, Sharon; Casey, Andy, E-mail: jmould@unimelb.edu.au, E-mail: brian@mso.anu.edu.au [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Canberra (Australia)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

National Wind Distance Learning Collaborative  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Executive Summary The energy development assumptions identified in the Department of Energy's position paper, 20% Wind Energy by 2030, projected an exploding demand for wind energy-related workforce development. These primary assumptions drove a secondary set of assumptions that early stage wind industry workforce development and training paradigms would need to undergo significant change if the workforce needs were to be met. The current training practice and culture within the wind industry is driven by a relatively small number of experts with deep field experience and knowledge. The current training methodology is dominated by face-to-face, classroom based, instructor present training. Given these assumptions and learning paradigms, the purpose of the National Wind Distance Learning Collaborative was to determine the feasibility of developing online learning strategies and products focused on training wind technicians. The initial project scope centered on (1) identifying resources that would be needed for development of subject matter and course design/delivery strategies for industry-based (non-academic) training, and (2) development of an appropriate Learning Management System (LMS). As the project unfolded, the initial scope was expanded to include development of learning products and the addition of an academic-based training partner. The core partners included two training entities, industry-based Airstreams Renewables and academic-based Lake Area Technical Institute. A third partner, Vision Video Interactive, Inc. provided technology-based learning platforms (hardware and software). The revised scope yielded an expanded set of results beyond the initial expectation. Eight learning modules were developed for the industry-based Electrical Safety course. These modules were subsequently redesigned and repurposed for test application in an academic setting. Software and hardware developments during the project's timeframe enabled redesign providing for student access through the use of tablet devices such as iPads. Early prototype Learning Management Systems (LMS) featuring more student-centric access and interfaces with emerging social media were developed and utilized during the testing applications. The project also produced soft results involving cross learning between and among the partners regarding subject matter expertise, online learning pedagogy, and eLearning technology-based platforms. The partners believe that the most significant, overarching accomplishment of the project was the development and implementation of goals, activities, and outcomes that significantly exceeded those proposed in the initial grant application submitted in 2009. Key specific accomplishments include: (1) development of a set of 8 online learning modules addressing electrical safety as it relates to the work of wind technicians; (3) development of a flexible, open-ended Learning Management System (LMS): (3) creation of a robust body of learning (knowledge, experience, skills, and relationships). Project leaders have concluded that there is substantial resource equity that could be leverage and recommend that it be carried forward to pursue a Next Stage Opportunity relating to development of an online core curriculum for institute and community college energy workforce development programs.

Dr. James B. Beddow

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

99

Time-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing in Duty-Cycle Wireless Sensor Networks withDuty-Cycle Wireless Sensor Networks withDuty-Cycle Wireles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing inTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing in Duty-Cycle Wireless Sensor Networks with TEMPLE UNIVERSITY #12;Introduction: utility-based routingIntroduction: utility-based routing

Wu, Jie

100

GEAMS: A Geographic Energy-Aware Multipath Stream-based Routing Protocol for WMSNs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEAMS: A Geographic Energy-Aware Multipath Stream- based Routing Protocol for WMSNs Samir Medjiah Energy-Aware Multipath Stream-based (GEAMS) routing protocol for WMSNs. GEAMS routing decisions are made transmission in WMSNs. Keywords -- WSN, WMSN, Geographic Routing, Multipath Routing, Energy Aware routing... I

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

AGEM: Adaptive Greedy-Compass Energy-aware Multipath Routing Protocol for WMSNs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AGEM: Adaptive Greedy-Compass Energy-aware Multipath Routing Protocol for WMSNs Samir Medjiah--This paper presents an Adaptive Greedy-Compass Energy-aware Multipath (AGEM), a novel routing protocol. Index terms--WSN, WMSN, Geographic Routing, Angle Routing Multipath Routing, Energy Aware routing... I

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

102

NIST cooperative laboratory for OSI routing technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is one of two reports on the Integrated ISIS protocol. Required by the IAB/IESG in order for an Internet routing protocol to advance to Draft Standard Status. Integrated ISIS is an Interior Gateway Protocol and is designed to carry both IP and ISO CLNP routing information. Integrated ISIS is currently designated as a Proposed Standard. The protocol was first published in RFC 1195. Internet Draft was published subsequently to RFC 1195 and documents the current version of the protocol. This report documents experience with Integrated ISIS. This includes reports on interoperability testing, field experience and the current state of Integrated ISIS implementations. It also presents a summary of the Integrated ISIS Management Information Base (MIB), and a summary of the Integrated ISIS authentication mechanism.

Montgomery, D.

1994-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

103

Ultrasonic flowmetering with reflected pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A transit time type ultrasonic flowmeter was tested with two different reflected pulse trajectories in flowing air at ambient conditions against an orifice meter. The flowmeter was designed to be highly accurate, to require ...

Hoyle, David C.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

QoS Routing in Smart Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smart grid is an emerging technology which is able to control the power load via price signaling. The communication between the power supplier and power customers is a key issue in smart grid. Performance degradation like delay or outage may cause significant impact on the stability of the pricing based control and thus the reward of smart grid. Therefore, a QoS mechanism is proposed for the communication system in smart grid, which incorporates the derivation of QoS requirement and applies QoS routing in the communication network. For deriving the QoS requirement, the dynamics of power load and the load-price mapping are studied. The corresponding impacts of different QoS metrics like delay are analyzed. Then, the QoS is derived via an optimization problem that maximizes the total revenue. Based on the derived QoS requirement, a simple greedy QoS routing algorithm is proposed for the requirement of high speed routing in smart grid. It is also proven that the proposed greedy algorithm is a $K$-approximation. ...

Li, Husheng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Initial Process and Expected Outcomes for Preliminary Identification of Routes to Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is responsible for developing and implementing a safe, secure and efficient transportation system to ship spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste (HLW) from commercial and DOE sites to the proposed Yucca Mountain repository. The Office of Logistics Management (OLM) within OCRWM has begun to work with stakeholders to identify preliminary national suites of highway and rail routes that could be used for future shipments OLM is striving to develop a planning-basis set of routes that will support long-lead time logistical analyses (i.e., five or more years before shipment). The results will represent a starting point for discussions between DOE and corridor jurisdictions, and for shipping arrangements between DOE and carriers. This fulfills a recommendation of the National Academy of Sciences report on SNF and HLW transportation that 'DOE should identify and make public its suite of preferred highway and rail routes for transporting spent fuel and high level waste to a federal repository as soon as practicable to support State, Tribal and local planning, especially for emergency responder preparedness'. OLM encourages and supports participation of program stakeholders in a process to identify suites of national routes. The principal objective is to identify preliminary suites of national routes that reflect responsible consideration of the interests of a broad cross-section of stakeholders. This will facilitate transportation planning activities to help meet program goals, including providing an advanced planning framework for State and Tribal authorities; supporting a pilot program for providing funding under Section 180(c) of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act; allowing sufficient time for security and operational reviews in advance of shipments to Yucca Mountain; and supporting utility planning and readiness for transportation operations. Concepts for routing and routing criteria have been considered by several state regional groups supported by cooperative agreements with OLM. OCRWM is also working with other Federal agencies, transportation service providers and others involved in the transportation industry to ensure the criteria are consistent with operating practices and regulations. These coordination efforts will ensure the experience, knowledge, and expertise of those involved are considered in the process to identify the preliminary national suites of routes. This paper describes the current process and timeline for preliminary identification and analyses of routes. In conclusion: The path toward developing a safe, secure, and efficient transportation system for shipments of SNF and HLW to Yucca Mountain will require the participation of many interested parties. Real cooperative planning is sometimes challenging, and requires a commitment from all involved parties to act in good faith and to employ their best efforts in developing mutually beneficial solutions. Identifying routes to the proposed repository at Yucca Mountain, and engaging in planning and preparedness activities with affected jurisdictions and other stakeholders, will take time. OCRWM is committed to a cooperative approach that will ultimately enhance safety, security, efficiency and public confidence. (authors)

Thrower, A. [Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management, Office of Logistics Management, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States); Best, R. [JAI Corporation, Washington, DC (United States); Finewood, L. [Booz Allen Hamilton, Washington, DC (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

EUCLIDEAN DISTANCE MATRIX COMPLETION PROBLEMS June ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 6, 2010 ... distances between hydrogen atoms that are closer than 3.5 Ĺ. The problems were gen- erated by taking fragments consisting of the first 20, 40, ...

2010-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

107

Low reflectance radio frequency load  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A load for traveling microwave energy has an absorptive volume defined by cylindrical body enclosed by a first end cap and a second end cap. The first end cap has an aperture for the passage of an input waveguide with a rotating part that is coupled to a reflective mirror. The inner surfaces of the absorptive volume consist of a resistive material or are coated with a coating which absorbs a fraction of incident RF energy, and the remainder of the RF energy reflects. The angle of the reflector and end caps is selected such that reflected RF energy dissipates an increasing percentage of the remaining RF energy at each reflection, and the reflected RF energy which returns to the rotating mirror is directed to the back surface of the rotating reflector, and is not coupled to the input waveguide. Additionally, the reflector may have a surface which generates a more uniform power distribution function axially and laterally, to increase the power handling capability of the RF load. The input waveguide may be corrugated for HE11 mode input energy.

Ives, R. Lawrence; Mizuhara, Yosuke M

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) User's Manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Transportation Routing Analysis Geographic Information System (TRAGIS) model is used to calculate highway, rail, or waterway routes within the United States. TRAGIS is a client-server application with the user interface and map data files residing on the user's personal computer and the routing engine and network data files on a network server. The user's manual provides documentation on installation and the use of the many features of the model.

Johnson, PE

2003-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

109

Multiple reflection solar energy absorber  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method of converting solar energy into heat energy thereby generating power is described comprising the steps: (a) focusing said solar energy by means of a primary concentrator, (b) concentrating said solar energy from said primary concentrator by means of a secondary concentrator located at the focal point of said primary concentrator, (c) slowing the flux of said solar energy from said secondary concentrator by means of a multiple reflection chamber attached to the rear aperture of the secondary concentrator, (d) circulating a working fluid by means of a working fluid delivery tube into said secondary concentrator and said multiple reflection chamber, (e) absorbing said solar energy into said working fluid by means of an ultra high concentration of said solar energy in said multiple reflection chamber, (f) insulating said working fluid by means of a surrounding thermal barrier, (g) exhausting the heat working fluid by means as of a nozzle joined to said multiple reflection chamber, (h) replacing said working fluid by means of a working fluid delivery tube, thereby completing a cycle for generating power.

Cooley, W.L.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Reflections of Harry J. Longwell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department and his organization's work environment reflected similar philosophies and work practices. In fact contribution in the area of #12;drilling technology. So strong, in fact, that the Well Control was named, I was recruited by one of the best companies in the world, Exxon. I have never forgotten that

Stephens, Jacqueline

111

The robust vehicle routing problem with time windows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sep 25, 2012 ... breakdowns and port congestion. Much research has been performed on vehicle routing problems, not the least due to its importance for ...

2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

112

The robust vehicle routing problem with time windows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 2, 2012 ... Abstract: This paper addresses the robust vehicle routing problem with time windows. We are motivated by a problem that arises in maritime ...

Agostinho Agra

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

113

New Benchmark Instances for the Capacitated Vehicle Routing ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 14, 2014 ... New Benchmark Instances for the Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem. Eduardo Uchoa (uchoa ***at*** producao.uff.br) Diego Pecin ...

Eduardo Uchoa

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

114

Cost-Effective Fabrication Routes for the Production of Quantum...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Production of Quantum Well Type Structures and Recovery of Waste Heat from Heavy Duty Trucks Cost-Effective Fabrication Routes for the Production of Quantum Well Type Structures...

115

Robust Inventory Routing with Flexible Time Window Allocation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jan 15, 2015 ... Abstract: This paper studies a robust maritime inventory routing problem with time windows and stochastic travel times. One of the novelties of ...

Chengliang Zhang

2015-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

Safe Routes to School Safety and Mobility Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the routes to school. ” (Yolo County) “Student pedestrianthe middle of the roadway. ” (Yolo County) Agencies alsoHumboldt County Tehama County Yolo County Solano County

Orenstein, Marla R.; Gutierrez, Nicolas; Rice, Thomas M.; Cooper, Jill F.; Ragland, David R.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

A ROUTING SYSTEM BASED ON SPACEFILLING CURVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It is cheapest to ship long distance by train and so railroads are capturing an in- creasing amount of long-haul, and all local freight, is handled by truck. The basic problem faced by a distribution manager, then among the vehicles so that not too many trucks are required. Copyright c 1995,6 John J. Bartholdi, III

Bartholdi III, John J.

118

The Luminosity Distance in Perturbed FLRW Spacetimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive an expression for the luminosity distance in FLRW spacetimes affected by scalar perturbations. Our expression is complete to linear order and is expressed entirely in terms of standard cosmological parameters and observational quantities. We illustrate the result by calculating the RMS scatter in the usual luminosity distance in flat (Omega_m,Omega_Lambda) = (1.0,0.0) and (0.3,0.7) cosmologies. In both cases the scatter is appreciable at high redshifts, and rises above 11% at z = 2, where it may be the dominant noise term in the Hubble diagram based on SN Ia.

Ted Pyne; Mark Birkinshaw

2003-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

119

Geodesic distances in Liouville quantum gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to study the quantum geometry of random surfaces in Liouville gravity, we propose a definition of geodesic distance associated to a Gaussian free field on a regular lattice. This geodesic distance is used to numerically determine the Hausdorff dimension associated to shortest cycles of 2d quantum gravity on the torus coupled to conformal matter fields, showing agreement with a conjectured formula by Y. Watabiki. Finally, the numerical tools are put to test by quantitatively comparing the distribution of lengths of shortest cycles to the corresponding distribution in large random triangulations.

Jan Ambjorn; Timothy Budd

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

120

Distances toDistances to HVCsHVCs usingusing blue horizontal branch starsblue horizontal branch stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)(Wisconsin) ElseElse StarkenburgStarkenburg ((KapteynKapteyn Lab)Lab) Lucy Frey (Case)Lucy Frey (Case) andand)Mario Mateo (Michigan) Heather Morrison (Case)Heather Morrison (Case) John Norris (MSSSO)John Norris (MSSSODan OravetzOravetz, Lucy Frey (Case), Lucy Frey (Case) #12;Distances are important:Distances are important

Peletier, Reynier

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A new route for the synthesis of titanium silicalite-1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Well-prepared TS-1 was synthesized by an innovative procedure using inexpensive reagents such as fumed silica and TPABr as structure-directing agent. This is the first time when highly crystalline TS-1 is obtained in basic medium, using sodium hydroxide as HO{sup -} ion source required for the crystallization process. Hydrolysis of titanium source has been prevented by titanium complexation with acetylacetone before structuring gel. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TS-1 was obtained using cheap reagents as fumed silica and tetrapropylammonium bromide. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer First time NaOH was used as source of OH{sup -} ions required for crystallization process. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The hydrolysis Ti alkoxides was controlled by Ti complexation with 2,4-pentanedione. -- Abstract: A new and efficient route using inexpensive reagents such as fumed silica and tetrapropylammonium bromide is proposed for the synthesis of titanium silicalite-1. High crystalline titanium silicalite-1 was obtained in alkaline medium, using sodium hydroxide as HO{sup -} ion source required for the crystallization process. Hydrolysis of titanium source with formation of insoluble oxide species was prevented by titanium complexation with before structuring gel. The final solids were fully characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared, ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance, Raman and atomic absorption spectroscopies, as well as nitrogen sorption analysis. It was found that a molar ratio Ti:Si of about 0.04 in the initial reaction mixture is the upper limit to which well formed titanium silicalite-1 with channels free of crystalline or amorphous material can be obtained. Above this value, solids with MFI type structure containing both Ti isomorphously substituted in the network and extralattice anatase nanoparticles inside of channels is formed.

Vasile, Aurelia, E-mail: aurelia_vasile@yahoo.com [Laboratory of Materials Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, 'Al.I. Cuza' University of Iasi, B-dul Carol I, No. 11, 700506 Iasi (Romania)] [Laboratory of Materials Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, 'Al.I. Cuza' University of Iasi, B-dul Carol I, No. 11, 700506 Iasi (Romania); Busuioc-Tomoiaga, Alina Maria [Laboratory of Materials Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, 'Al.I. Cuza' University of Iasi, B-dul Carol I, No. 11, 700506 Iasi (Romania) [Laboratory of Materials Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, 'Al.I. Cuza' University of Iasi, B-dul Carol I, No. 11, 700506 Iasi (Romania); Catalysis Research Department, ChemPerformance SRL, Iasi 700337 (Romania)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP AND ALTRUISM: ROLE OF POWER DISTANCE IN A HIGH POWER DISTANCE CULTURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using a sample of 105 manager-subordinate dyads from a high power distance culture, the effects of power distance and transformational leadership on follower altruism were studied. Findings show a significant positive relationship between power distance and transformational leadership and between transformational leadership and follower altruism. The dimensions on which cultures differ have been identified earlier (Hofstede, 1980). The objective of this study is to look at the effect of a dimension on other variables, in a culture that is high on that dimension. Our contention is that in cultures that score high on the power distance dimension of Hofstede (1980) model, if managers maintain a high power distance between themselves and their followers, their transformational leadership would be enhanced, and transformational leadership in turn will enhance altruistic behavior of followers. Merely knowing the dimensions on which cultures differ is not enough. That knowledge has to be used to predict how an alignment with that dimension would affect other variables.

Ankush Punj; Venkat R. Krishnan

123

Energy Aware Implementation of an Ad Hoc Routing Protocol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

estimates of the potential for energy savings. We show potential savings of fifty six percent in energy functions of an energy aware ad hoc routing protocol are · Energy based link cost with transmit powerEnergy Aware Implementation of an Ad Hoc Routing Protocol by Shweta Bhandare Scriptor B

Brown, Timothy X.

124

Efficient routing algorithms for multiple vehicles with no explicit communications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Efficient routing algorithms for multiple vehicles with no explicit communications Alessandro Arsie Ketan Savla Emilio Frazzoli Abstract In this paper we consider a class of dynamic vehicle routing research area today addresses coordination of several mobile agents: groups of autonomous robots and large

Savla, Ketan

125

Joint Traffic Blocking and Routing under Network Failures and Maintenances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joint Traffic Blocking and Routing under Network Failures and Maintenances Chao Liang ECE Dept paths. Therefore, it is important to design ingress traffic blocking and routing jointly to achieve a good balance between the two factors. Working towards this goal, we formulate a joint ingress blocking

Liu, Yong

126

Energy-Efficient Routing Schemes for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Energy-Efficient Routing Schemes for Wireless Sensor Networks Maleq Khan Gopal Pandurangan Bharat spanning tree (MST) is the optimal data aggregation tree for energy-efficient rout- ing. We then study energy-efficient distributed algorithms for constructing MSTs. The GHS algorithm to construct MST has

Khan, Maleq

127

Utility-based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utility-based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Xiaoguang Li and Jie Wu Department of Computer the existing utility-based routing protocols for WSNs. We put them into sev- eral categories according to their utility properties, such as delay, cost, and packet delivery ratio. In addition, we will also cover

Wu, Jie

128

Robust Redundancy Elimination for Energy-aware Routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robust Redundancy Elimination for Energy-aware Routing David Coudert Joint Project COATI I3S (CNRS¨ur Mathematik RWTH Aachen, Germany tieves@math2.rwth-aachen.de Abstract--Many studies have shown that energy-aware Network- ing, Energy-aware Routing, Redundancy Elimination. I. INTRODUCTION In modern communication

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

129

Energy and Switch Area Optimizations for FPGA Global Routing Architectures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

13 Energy and Switch Area Optimizations for FPGA Global Routing Architectures YI ZHU, YUANFANG HU and wire style optimization, to reduce the energy and switch area of FPGA global routing architectures achieve up to 10% to 15% energy savings and up to 20% switch area savings in average for a set of seven

Fainman, Yeshaiahu

130

N-Vehicle Routing Team NineNines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the most economical and "green" route for a distribution center to deliver goods to m addresses with n Trucks #12;Research Paper 1 Title: "Survey of Green Vehicle Routing Problem: Past and future trends of Green Logistics Environmental, ecological effects taken into consideration Concept of Green Vehicle

Kaminsky, Alan

131

Greedy Routing in Peer-to-Peer Systems James Aspnes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the problem of designing an overlay network and routing mechanism that per- mits finding-tolerant Routing in Peer-to-Peer Systems appearing in the pro- ceedings of the Twenty-First ACM Symposium in the face of considerable damage. Another compelling advantage of random graphs is that they eliminate

Aspnes, James

132

Cognitively Ergonomic Route A Potential Basis for the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Cognitively Ergonomic Route Directions A Potential Basis for the OpenLS Navigation Service? Stefan Hansen, Alexander Klippel, Kai-Florian Richter Overview Background Aspect of cognitively ergonomic Ontologies and cognitive modelling (cognitive engineering) Aspects of Cognitively Ergonomic Route Directions

Klippel, Alexander

133

SAMER: Spectrum Aware Mesh Routing in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SAMER: Spectrum Aware Mesh Routing in Cognitive Radio Networks SHORT PAPER Ioannis Pefkianakis1 in licensed bands, to meet the increasing demand for radio spectrum. The new open spectrum operation--Cognitive Radio, Spectrum Aware Routing I. INTRODUCTION Cognitive radio networks (CORNET) are an emerging multihop

Lu, Songwu

134

Nucleon - Nucleon Interactions at Short Distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Despite the progress made in understanding the NN interactions at long distances based on effective field theories, the understanding of the dynamics of short range NN interactions remains as elusive as ever. One of the most fascinating properties of short range interaction is its repulsive nature which is responsible for the stability of strongly interacting matter. The relevant distances, $\\le 0.5$ fm, in this case are such that one expects the onset of quark-gluon degrees of freedom with interaction being dominated by QCD dynamics. We review the current status of the understanding of the QCD dynamics of NN interactions at short distances, highlight outstanding questions and outline the theoretical foundation of QCD description of hard NN processes. We present examples of how the study of the hard elastic NN interaction can reveal the symmetry structure of valence quark component of the nucleon wave function and how the onset of pQCD regime is correlated with the onset of color transparency phenomena in hard $pp$ scattering in the nuclear medium. The discussions show how the new experimental facilities can help to advance the knowledge about the QCD nature of nuclear forces at short distances.

Misak M Sargsian

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

135

Segmentation into fuzzy regions using topographic distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

recognition from fuzzy regions. Keywords: Segmentation, Fuzzy region, Watershed, Color image, TopographicSegmentation into fuzzy regions using topographic distance SYLVIE PHILIPP­FOLIGUET 1 MARCELO@dcc.ufmg.br, arnaldo@dcc.ufmg.br 3 Supported by CAPES. Abstract. This paper exposes an algorithm that leads to a fuzzy

Philipp-Foliguet, Sylvie

136

Earth Mover's Distance Based Local Discriminant Basis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Earth Mover's Distance Based Local Discriminant Basis Bradley Marchand and Naoki Saito Abstract in time and frequency. Its goal, given Bradley Marchand Naval Surface Warfare Center, Panama City Division, e-mail: bradley.marchand@navy.mil Naoki Saito Department of Mathematics, University of California

Saito, Naoki

137

Sensor Network Localization, Euclidean Distance Matrix ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

paper is to view SNL as a (nearest) Euclidean Distance Matrix, EDM, completion problem that ... simply corresponds to a given fixed clique for the graph of the EDM problem. We next ...... The tests were done using MATLAB 7.4. The method for ...

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

138

Estimation of Evolutionary Distance between Nucleotide Sequences'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estimation of Evolutionary Distance between Nucleotide Sequences' Fumio Tajima and Masatoshi Nei University of Texas at Houston A mathematical formula for estimating the average number of nucleotide sub rates of substitution among different nucleotide pairs. Although this formula is obtained for the equal

Nei, Masatoshi

139

GRID Technologies => `Education' = `Distance Michalis Xenos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GRID Technologies => `Education' = `Distance Education' Michalis Xenos 1,2 , Bill Vassiliadis 1 possibilities that Grid technologies create in education, presents current learning paradigms and makes a prediction about the way in which Grid technologies may affect the future of education. The case

Boyer, Edmond

140

Routing Protocols for Cognitive Radio Networks: A Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the cognitive radio (CR) technology, a wireless system can exploit opportunistically the radio spectrum licensed to other systems. Thus, CR is regarded as a solution to the problems resulting from the limited available spectrum and the inefficiency in the spectrum usage. The multi-hop CR networks need some novel routing algorithms taking the open spectrum phenomenon into account. The main approach in designing the routing algorithm for the CR networks is the joint design of routing and spectrum management. Works on such issues have just started and are still in a rudimentary stage. In this paper, we survey comprehensively the existing research on the routing protocols for CR networks, especially with reference to CR ad hoc networks. We classify the routing protocols, discuss the essential features of the different protocols, and provide the future research directions.

Kamruzzaman, S M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

EIS-0429: Proposed IG CO2 Pipeline Route | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Proposed IG CO2 Pipeline Route EIS-0429: Proposed IG CO2 Pipeline Route Map of Proposed CO2 Pipeline Route More Documents & Publications EIS-0429: Amended Notice of Intent To...

142

E-Print Network 3.0 - aided routing protocol Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: aided routing protocol Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad-hoc Networks: Current Development and Evaluation Summary: network. LAR: Location Aided...

143

A cluster-first route-second approach for the Swap Body Vehicle ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mar 19, 2015 ... Abstract: The Swap Body Vehicle Routing Problem (SB-VRP) is a generalization of the classical Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP) where a ...

Juan Jose Miranda-Bront

2015-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

144

Long working distance incoherent interference microscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A full-field imaging, long working distance, incoherent interference microscope suitable for three-dimensional imaging and metrology of MEMS devices and test structures on a standard microelectronics probe station. A long working distance greater than 10 mm allows standard probes or probe cards to be used. This enables nanometer-scale 3-dimensional height profiles of MEMS test structures to be acquired across an entire wafer while being actively probed, and, optionally, through a transparent window. An optically identical pair of sample and reference arm objectives is not required, which reduces the overall system cost, and also the cost and time required to change sample magnifications. Using a LED source, high magnification (e.g., 50.times.) can be obtained having excellent image quality, straight fringes, and high fringe contrast.

Sinclair, Michael B. (Albuquerque, NM); De Boer, Maarten P. (Albuquerque, NM)

2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

145

Metrics for measuring distances in configuration spaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to characterize molecular structures we introduce configurational fingerprint vectors which are counterparts of quantities used experimentally to identify structures. The Euclidean distance between the configurational fingerprint vectors satisfies the properties of a metric and can therefore safely be used to measure dissimilarities between configurations in the high dimensional configuration space. In particular we show that these metrics are a perfect and computationally cheap replacement for the root-mean-square distance (RMSD) when one has to decide whether two noise contaminated configurations are identical or not. We introduce a Monte Carlo approach to obtain the global minimum of the RMSD between configurations, which is obtained from a global minimization over all translations, rotations, and permutations of atomic indices.

Sadeghi, Ali, E-mail: ali.sadeghi@unibas.ch; Ghasemi, S. Alireza; Schaefer, Bastian; Mohr, Stephan; Goedecker, Stefan [Department of Physics, Universität Basel, Klingelbergstr. 82, 4056 Basel (Switzerland)] [Department of Physics, Universität Basel, Klingelbergstr. 82, 4056 Basel (Switzerland); Lill, Markus A. [Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Purdue University, 575 Stadium Mall Drive, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)] [Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, Purdue University, 575 Stadium Mall Drive, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

146

Case study: copyright issues in distance education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and more elaborate organizational patterns. These issues not only make more difficult the question of who is entitled to claim ownership of materials designed for distance education; they also raise questions about the appropriate distribution... are blurred regarding copyrights and legal ownership. The incorporation of the Internet presents further questions of who owns the property, and even could suggest that multiple individuals or entities could claim part- ownership if the right parties so...

Huddleston, Michael B

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

147

Discharge lamp with reflective jacket  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A discharge lamp includes an envelope, a fill which emits light when excited disposed in the envelope, a source of excitation power coupled to the fill to excite the fill and cause the fill to emit light, and a reflector disposed around the envelope and defining an opening, the reflector being configured to reflect some of the light emitted by the fill back into the fill while allowing some light to exit through the opening. The reflector may be made from a material having a similar thermal index of expansion as compared to the envelope and which is closely spaced to the envelope. The envelope material may be quartz and the reflector material may be either silica or alumina. The reflector may be formed as a jacket having a rigid structure which does not adhere to the envelope. The lamp may further include an optical clement spaced from the envelope and configured to reflect an unwanted component of light which exited the envelope back into the envelope through the opening in the reflector. Light which can be beneficially recaptured includes selected wavelength regions, a selected polarization, and selected angular components.

MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD); Kipling, Kent (Gaithersburg, MD)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Distance Education Programs and Courses, March 2012, Page 1 of 3 Approvals for Distance Education Programs and Courses Overview  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distance Education Programs and Courses, March 2012, Page 1 of 3 Approvals for Distance Education Programs and Courses ­ Overview Definition of Distance Education. The relevant definitions Department of Education. The Commission defines a distance or correspondence education program as one

Sheridan, Jennifer

149

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS University of Tokyo Noda, Chiba 278-8510, Japan Abstract. Green functions called symbols. Generali* *zing this, we define Green functions associated to complex reflection

Shoj, Toshiaki

150

Reflectance Function Approximation for Material Classification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reflectance Function Approximation for Material Classification Edward Wild CS 766 Final Project This report summarizes the results of a project to approximate reflectance functions and classify materials to classify materials. Classification algorithms are proposed to deal with unseen materials. Experimental

Dyer, Charles R.

151

Introduction Abstract reflection groups and abstract buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Abstract reflection groups and abstract buildings Their geometric realizations Compactly supported cohomology L2 -cohomology Cohomology of Coxeter groups and buildings Mike Davis (work groups and buildings #12;Introduction Abstract reflection groups and abstract buildings Their geometric

Vogtmann, Karen

152

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print Wednesday, 26 October 2011 00:00 The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has...

153

Flow Distances on Open Flow Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Open flow network is a weighted directed graph with a source and a sink, depicting flux distributions on networks in the steady state of an open flow system. Energetic food webs, economic input-output networks, and international trade networks, are open flow network models of energy flows between species, money or value flows between industrial sectors, and goods flows between countries, respectively. Flow distances (first-passage or total) between any given two nodes $i$ and $j$ are defined as the average number of transition steps of a random walker along the network from $i$ to $j$ under some conditions. They apparently deviate from the conventional random walk distance on a closed directed graph because they consider the openness of the flow network. Flow distances are explicitly expressed by underlying Markov matrix of a flow system in this paper. With this novel theoretical conception, we can visualize open flow networks, calculating centrality of each node, and clustering nodes into groups. We apply fl...

Guo, Liangzhu; Shi, Peiteng; Wang, Jun; Huang, Xiaohan; Zhang, Jiang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Routing SCADA data through an enterprise WAN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Houston Lighting and Power (HL and P) and many other large utilities have investigated substantial resources in developing integrated enterprise wide area networks (WANs). The WAN provides unprecedented opportunities for integrating information throughout the corporation, resulting in improved efficiency and reduced costs of operation. In contrast, present dedicated point-to-point SCADA data circuits from the energy management system (EMS) to remote terminal units (RTUs) are not currently integrated with the network, nor replicated in any offsite backup system. An integrated approach might integrate communications from selected RTUs over the WAN to a backup system or the EMS. Such an approach would potentially provide improved disaster recovery, more efficient use of communications, reduced maintenance costs, and improved availability of operational data. RTU data, however, is fundamentally different from most other WAN traffic in that it is critical to the moment-to-moment operation of the utility and consists of a large number of messages repeated frequently and continuously. There are valid concerns as to whether the stability, availability, and inherent latency of the WAN would be adequate to support operations of a backup or primary SCADA system. There are also concerns about the adverse effects that SCADA traffic might have on the WAN. These concerns led to the project featured in this article, which tested the operational suitability and effectiveness of routing SCADA data between selected RTUs and a central site on the WAN.

Flowers, T.; Houle, B. [Houston Lighting and Power, TX (United States)] [Houston Lighting and Power, TX (United States); Retzer, J.; Ramanathan, R. [National Systems and Research, Camas, WA (United States)] [National Systems and Research, Camas, WA (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Spectral Reflectance of Silicon Photodiodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Silicon photodiodes are among the most popular photodetectors that combine high performance over a wide wavelength range with unparalleled ease of use. High-quality photodiodes, in the form of a trap detector, 1,2 have many significant applications in precision radiometry. Their predictable responsivity in visible and near-infrared ~NIR! wavelengths allows the realization of high-accuracy spectral responsivity scales. 3,4 The spectral responsivity scales can be utilized in, for example, realization of luminous intensity 5,6 and spectral irradiance scales. 7,8 The spectral responsivity of a silicon photodiode is determined by the reflectance of the diode surface r~l! and the internal quantum deficiency d~l!. The values of d~l! and r~l! can be extrapolated 4 by mathematical models. To extrapolate the val

Atte Haapalinna; Petri Kärhä; Erkki Ikonen

156

Condenser optic with sacrificial reflective surface  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Employing collector optics that have a sacrificial reflective surface can significantly prolong the useful life of the collector optics and the overall performance of the condenser in which the collector optics are incorporated. The collector optics are normally subject to erosion by debris from laser plasma source of radiation. The presence of an upper sacrificial reflective surface over the underlying reflective surface effectively increases the life of the optics while relaxing the constraints on the radiation source. Spatial and temporally varying reflectivity that results from the use of the sacrificial reflective surface can be accommodated by proper condenser design.

Tichenor, Daniel A.; Kubiak, Glenn D.; Lee, Sang Hun

2006-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

157

Condenser optic with sacrificial reflective surface  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Employing collector optics that has a sacrificial reflective surface can significantly prolong the useful life of the collector optics and the overall performance of the condenser in which the collector optics are incorporated. The collector optics is normally subject to erosion by debris from laser plasma source of radiation. The presence of an upper sacrificial reflective surface over the underlying reflective surface effectively increases the life of the optics while relaxing the constraints on the radiation source. Spatial and temporally varying reflectivity that results from the use of the sacrificial reflective surface can be accommodated by proper condenser design.

Tichenor, Daniel A. (Castro Valley, CA); Kubiak, Glenn D. (Livermore, CA); Lee, Sung Hun (Sunnyvale, CA)

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

158

RPL Routing Protocol a Case Study: Precision Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.g., industrial, urban, home and buildings automation or smart grid [3]. ROLL's charter ensures that the designed. In the IETF draft [4], the performance of RPL is evaluated through several consideration of routing metrics

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

159

Hamilton Truck Route Study Prepared for the City of Hamilton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hamilton Truck Route Study Prepared for the City of Hamilton March 2012 #12;#12;Hamilton Truck and Logistics McMaster University Hamilton, Ontario March 2012 mitl.mcmaster.ca #12;#12;McMaster Institute

Haykin, Simon

160

Energy-Aware Routing for E-Textile Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the scale of electronic devices shrinks, "electronic textiles" (e-textiles) will make possible a wide variety of novel applications which are currently unfeasible. Due to the wearability concerns, low-power techniques are critical for e-textile applications. In this paper, we address the issue of the energy-aware routing for e-textile platforms and propose an efficient algorithm to solve it. The platform we consider consists of dedicated components for e-textiles, including computational modules, dedicated transmission lines and thin-film batteries on fiber substrates. Furthermore, we derive an analytical upper bound for the achievable number of jobs completed over all possible routing strategies. From a practical standpoint, for the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) cipher, the routing technique we propose achieves about fifty percent of this analytical upper bound. Moreover, compared to the non-energy-aware counterpart, our routing technique increases the number of encryption jobs completed by one order...

Kao, Jung-Chun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly Print If the promise of nanotechnology is to be fulfilled, nanoparticles will have to be able to make something of themselves. An important...

162

Cost-Effective Fabrication Routes for the Productionof Quantum...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Productionof Quantum-Well-Type Structures and Recovoery of Waste Heat from Heavy-Duty Trucks Cost-Effective Fabrication Routes for the Productionof Quantum-Well-Type Structures and...

163

User level routing for mobile ad hoc networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an alternative architecture where routing is implemented in the user level. User level implementation has many benefits, such as ease of implementation, co-existence of multiple protocols, application specific customizations, and ease of deployment. This thesis...

Virk, Navjot

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Method and apparatus for routing data in an inter-nodal communications lattice of a massively parallel computer system by routing through transporter nodes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A massively parallel computer system contains an inter-nodal communications network of node-to-node links. An automated routing strategy routes packets through one or more intermediate nodes of the network to reach a destination. Some packets are constrained to be routed through respective designated transporter nodes, the automated routing strategy determining a path from a respective source node to a respective transporter node, and from a respective transporter node to a respective destination node. Preferably, the source node chooses a routing policy from among multiple possible choices, and that policy is followed by all intermediate nodes. The use of transporter nodes allows greater flexibility in routing.

Archer, Charles Jens (Rochester, MN); Musselman, Roy Glenn (Rochester, MN); Peters, Amanda (Rochester, MN); Pinnow, Kurt Walter (Rochester, MN); Swartz, Brent Allen (Chippewa Falls, WI); Wallenfelt, Brian Paul (Eden Prairie, MN)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

165

Routing algorithms for large scale wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as power, memory, and CPU processing capabilities. In this thesis, we assume an All to All communication mode in an N ? N grid sensor network. We explore routing algorithms which load balance the network without compromising the shortest paths constrain. We... failed nodes). In static network case, we derived mathematical formulae representing the maximum and minimum loads on a sensor grid, when specific routing strategies are employed. We show improvement in performance in load balancing of the grid by using...

Nittala Venkata, Lakshmana Prasanth

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

166

Lambda network having 2{sup m{minus}1} nodes in each of m stages with each node coupled to four other nodes for bidirectional routing of data packets between nodes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The Lambda network is a single stage, packet-switched interprocessor communication network for a distributed memory, parallel processor computer. Its design arises from the desired network characteristics of minimizing mean and maximum packet transfer time, local routing, expandability, deadlock avoidance, and fault tolerance. The network is based on fixed degree nodes and has mean and maximum packet transfer distances where n is the number of processors. The routing method is detailed, as are methods for expandability, deadlock avoidance, and fault tolerance. 14 figs.

Napolitano, L.M. Jr.

1995-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

167

Rank Distance Bicodes and their Generalization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This book has four chapters. In chapter one we just recall the notion of RD codes, MRD codes, circulant rank codes and constant rank codes and describe their properties. In chapter two we introduce few new classes of codes and study some of their properties. In this chapter we introduce the notion of fuzzy RD codes and fuzzy RD bicodes. Rank distance m-codes are introduced in chapter three and the property of m-covering radius is analysed. Chapter four indicates some applications of these new classes of codes.

W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache; N. Suresh Babu; R. S. Selvaraj

2010-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

168

Synthesis of graphene platelets by chemical and electrochemical route  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: A schematic showing the overall reduction process of graphite to reduced graphene platelets by chemical and electrochemical route. - Highlights: • Graphene was prepared by diverse routes viz. chemical and electrochemical methods. • NaBH{sub 4} was effective for removing oxygen functional groups from graphene oxide. • Sodium borohydride reduced graphene oxide (SRGO) showed high specific capacitance. • Electrochemical rendered a cheap route for production of graphene in powder form. - Abstract: Graphene platelets were synthesized from graphene oxide by chemical and electrochemical route. Under the chemical method, sodium borohydride and hydrazine chloride were used as reductants to produce graphene. In this paper, a novel and cost effective electrochemical method, which can simplify the process of reduction on a larger scale, is demonstrated. The electrochemical method proposed in this paper produces graphene in powder form with good yield. The atomic force microscopic images confirmed that the graphene samples prepared by all the routes have multilayers of graphene. The electrochemical process provided a new route to make relatively larger area graphene sheets, which will have interest for further patterning applications. Attempt was made to quantify the quantum of reduction using cyclic voltammetry and choronopotentiometry techniques on reduced graphene samples. As a measure in reading the specific capacitance values, a maximum specific capacitance value of 265.3 F/g was obtained in sodium borohydride reduced graphene oxide.

Ramachandran, Rajendran; Felix, Sathiyanathan [Centre for Nanotechnology Research, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu (India); Joshi, Girish M. [Materials Physics Division, School of Advanced Sciences, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu (India); Raghupathy, Bala P.C., E-mail: balapraveen2000@yahoo.com [Centre for Nanotechnology Research, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu (India); Research and Advanced Engineering Division (Materials), Renault Nissan Technology and Business Center India (P) Ltd., Chennai, Tamil Nadu (India); Jeong, Soon Kwan, E-mail: jeongsk@kier.re.kr [Climate Change Technology Research Division, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-343 (Korea, Republic of); Grace, Andrews Nirmala, E-mail: anirmalagrace@vit.ac.in [Centre for Nanotechnology Research, VIT University, Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu (India); Climate Change Technology Research Division, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-343 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

169

BRAESS PARADOX IN DYNAMIC ROUTING FOR THE COHEN-KELLY Atsushi Inoie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BRAESS PARADOX IN DYNAMIC ROUTING FOR THE COHEN-KELLY NETWORK Atsushi Inoie Doctoral Program of dynamic routing in the Cohen-Kelly network is studied. Intuitively, we expect that adding capacity in which Cohen and Kelly discovered a paradox in static routing. We consider the dy- namic routing problems

Touati, Corinne

170

Comparison of two Self-Organization and Hierarchical Routing Protocols for Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of two Self-Organization and Hierarchical Routing Protocols for Ad Hoc Networks Bet. In this article, we compare two self-organization and hierarchical rout- ing protocols for ad hoc networks-organization and hierarchical routing in ad hoc networks. keywords: ad hoc networks, hierarchical routing, DHT, comparison

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

171

Energy Efficiency of Load Balancing in MANET Routing Protocols Sunsook Jung, Nisar Hundewale, Alex Zelikovsky  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency of Load Balancing in MANET Routing Protocols Sunsook Jung, Nisar Hundewale, Alex Zelikovsky Abstract This paper considers energy constrained routing pro- tocols and workload balancing techniques for improving MANET routing protocols and energy efficiency. We give new routing protocol

Zelikovsky, Alexander

172

Author's personal copy Three-dimensional greedy routing in large-scale random wireless  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

October 2010 Keywords: Greedy routing Localized routing Delivery guarantee Energy-efficiency 3D wireless-based routing protocols were proposed to seek either delivery guarantee or energy-efficiency in 3D wireless that guarantees either delivery of packets or energy-efficiency of its routes in 3D networks. In this paper, we

Wang, Yu

173

Energy-Aware Geographic Routing in Lossy Wireless Sensor Networks with Environmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Energy-Aware Geographic Routing in Lossy Wireless Sensor Networks with Environmental Energy combine geographic routing and energy-aware routing techniques and take into account the realistic lossy energy based protocols and geographic routing protocols without energy awareness. GREESs can maintain

California at Davis, University of

174

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch Malik Magdon-Ismail Marios Mavronicolas Roger Wattenhofer§ February 8, 2004 Abstract In hot-potato (deflection) routing, nodes in the network have. Denote by rt the optimal routing time for a given routing problem. We construct the first hot-potato

Busch, Konstantin "Costas"

175

Energy Aware Efficient Geographic Routing in Lossy Wireless Sensor Networks with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Energy Aware Efficient Geographic Routing in Lossy Wireless Sensor Networks with Environmental, GREES-L and GREES-M, which combine geographic routing and energy efficient routing techniques and take supply when making routing decisions. Simulation results show that GREESs are more energy efficient than

Hou, Y. Thomas

176

Global-scale flow routing using a source-to-sink algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hydrological and Earth system models. Hydrographs for somehydrological and Earth system models. FLOW ROUTING [1999

Olivera, Francisco; Famiglietti, James; Asante, Kwabena

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Beyond Kennicott : perceptions of threshold, conceptions of distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Threshold: The thesis explores descriptions of threshold. Threshold is not an ordinary space. It relates to the here and the there and the understanding of distance. It is the phenomena of distance, no matter how close ...

Bull, Steven Keith

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar CAKE Goes 'The Distance' with Solar February 2, 2011 - 10:00am Addthis April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of...

179

Thermonuclear Reflect AB-Reactor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The author offers a new kind of thermonuclear reflect reactor. The remarkable feature of this new reactor is a three net AB reflector, which confines the high temperature plasma. The plasma loses part of its energy when it contacts with the net but this loss can be compensated by an additional permanent plasma heating. When the plasma is rarefied (has a small density), the heat flow to the AB reflector is not large and the temperature in the triple reflector net is lower than 2000 - 3000 K. This offered AB-reactor has significantly less power then the currently contemplated power reactors with magnetic or inertial confinement (hundreds-thousands of kW, not millions of kW). But it is enough for many vehicles and ships and particularly valuable for tunnelers, subs and space apparatus, where air to burn chemical fuel is at a premium or simply not available. The author has made a number of innovations in this reactor, researched its theory, developed methods of computation, made a sample computation of typical project. The main point of preference for the offered reactor is its likely cheapness as a power source. Key words: Micro-thermonuclear reactor, Multi-reflex AB-thermonuclear reactor, Self-magnetic AB-thermonuclear reactor, aerospace thermonuclear engine.

Alexander Bolonkin

2008-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

180

GEODESIC FRCHET DISTANCE WITH POLYGONAL OBSTACLES Atlas F. Cook IV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEODESIC FR�CHET DISTANCE WITH POLYGONAL OBSTACLES Atlas F. Cook IV Carola Wenk Abstract We present the first algorithm to compute the geodesic Fréchet distance between two polygonal curves in a plane of from a point source). This shortest path map supports geodesic distance queries from any point s ab

Texas at San Antonio, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Homogeneity and Monotonicity of Distance-Rationalizable Voting Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.2.11 [Distributed Artificial Intelligence]: Multiagent Systems; I.2.4 [Knowledge representation is that of votewise distances [12], which "lift" distances over individual votes to distances over entire elections and analysis of multiagent systems [13]. However, voting procedures that have been developed for human

Elkind, Edith

182

Mach reflection of spherical detonation waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When two detonation waves collide, the shape of the wave front at their intersection can be used to categorize the flow as regular or irregular reflection. In the case of regular reflection, the intersection of the waves forms a cusp. In the case of irregular reflection, the cusp is replaced by a leading shock locus that bridges the incident waves. Many workers have studied irregular or Mach reflection of detonation waves, but most of the their experimental work has focused on the interaction of plane detonation waves. Reflection of spherical detonation waves has received less attention. This study also differs from previous work in that the focus is to measure the relationship between the detonation velocity and the local wave curvatue for irregular reflection of spherical detonation waves. Two explosives with different detonation properties, PBX 9501 and PBX 9502, are compared.

Hull, L.M.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Photovoltaic module with light reflecting backskin  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A photovoltaic module comprises electrically interconnected and mutually spaced photovoltaic cells that are encapsulated by a light-transmitting encapsulant between a light-transparent front cover and a back cover, with the back cover sheet being an ionomer/nylon alloy embossed with V-shaped grooves running in at least two directions and coated with a light reflecting medium so as to provide light-reflecting facets that are aligned with the spaces between adjacent cells and oriented so as to reflect light falling in those spaces back toward said transparent front cover for further internal reflection onto the solar cells, whereby substantially all of the reflected light will be internally reflected from said cover sheet back to the photovoltaic cells, thereby increasing the current output of the module. The internal reflector improves power output by as much as 67%.

Gonsiorawski, Ronald C. (Danvers, MA)

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

184

Understanding teacher beliefs with reflective tools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reflective Tools by Vanessa Ann Karwan Doctor of EducationLeadership by Vanessa Ann Karwan Committee in charge:Kathleen Cohn Copyright Vanessa Ann Karwan, 2009 All rights

Karwan, Vanessa Ann

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Phenomenological description of bidirectional surface reflection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenomenological description of bidirectional surface reflection Jan J. Koenderink and Andrea J satellites). In some cases one has (usually approximate, phenomenological) models, but in most cases one

O'Brien, James F.

186

Optimization Online - Constrained optimization in seismic reflection ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jul 7, 2004 ... Constrained optimization in seismic reflection tomography: an SQP augmented Lagrangian approach. F. Delbos (Frederic.Delbos ***at*** ifp.fr)

F. Delbos

2004-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

187

Travel Notes and Reflections from the Netherlands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Reflections from the Netherlands by Jennifer Lynne Mustopopulated, country of the Netherlands. The express purposeficking Work in the Netherlands. ” The project explores

Lynne Musto, Jennifer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Ionized Hydrogen at Large Galactocentric Distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We summarize recent attempts to detect warm ionized gas at large galactocentric distances. This includes searching for gas at the edges of spirals, in between cluster galaxies, towards extragalactic HI clouds, and towards high velocity clouds and the Magellanic Stream in the Galaxy. With the exception of extragalactic HI clouds, all of these experiments have proved successful. Within each class, we have only observed a handful of objects. It is premature to assess what fraction of the missing baryonic mass fraction might be in the form of ionized gas. But, in most cases, the detections provide a useful constraint on the ambient ionizing flux, and in the case of spiral edges, can even trace dark matter haloes out to radii beyond the reach of radio telescopes.

J. Bland-Hawthorn

1997-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

Testing the consistency between cosmological measurements of distance and age  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a model independent method to test the consistency between cosmological measurements of distance and age, assuming the distance duality relation. We use type Ia supernovae, baryon acoustic oscillations, and observational Hubble data, to reconstruct the luminosity distance D_L(z), the angle averaged distance D_V(z) and the Hubble rate H(z), using Gaussian processes regression technique. We obtain estimate of the distance duality relation in the redshift range 0.1

Nair, Remya; Jain, Deepak

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Walk the Line: The Development of Route Selection Standards for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-level Radioactive Waste in the United States - 13519  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although storage facilities for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste (HLRW) are widely dispersed throughout the United States, these materials are also relatively concentrated in terms of geographic area. That is, the impacts of storage occur in a very small geographic space. Once shipments begin to a national repository or centralized interim storage facility, the impacts of SNF and HLRW will become more geographically distributed, more publicly visible, and almost certainly more contentious. The selection of shipping routes will likely be a major source of controversy. This paper describes the development of procedures, regulations, and standards for the selection of routes used to ship spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste in the United States. The paper begins by reviewing the circumstances around the development of HM-164 routing guidelines. The paper discusses the significance of New York City versus the Department of Transportation and application of HM-164. The paper describes the methods used to implement those regulations. The paper will also describe the current HM-164 designated routes and will provide a summary data analysis of their characteristics. This analysis will reveal the relatively small spatial scale of the effects of HM 164. The paper will then describe subsequent developments that have affected route selection for these materials. These developments include the use of 'representative routes' found in the Department of Energy (DOE) 2008 Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the formerly proposed Yucca Mountain geologic repository. The paper will describe recommendations related to route selection found in the National Academy of Sciences 2006 report Going the Distance, as well as recommendations found in the 2012 Final Report of the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future. The paper will examine recently promulgated federal regulations (HM-232) for selection of rail routes for hazardous materials transport. The paper concludes that while the HM 164 regime is sufficient for certain applications, it does not provide an adequate basis for a national plan to ship spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste to centralized storage and disposal facilities over a period of 30 to 50 years. (authors)

Dilger, Fred [Black Mountain Research, Henderson, NV 81012 (United States)] [Black Mountain Research, Henderson, NV 81012 (United States); Halstead, Robert J. [State of Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects, Carson City, NV 80906 (United States)] [State of Nevada Agency for Nuclear Projects, Carson City, NV 80906 (United States); Ballard, James D. [Department of Sociology, California State University, Northridge, CA 91330 (United States)] [Department of Sociology, California State University, Northridge, CA 91330 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS TOSHIAKI SHOJI Department of Mathematics Science University of Tokyo Noda, Chiba 278­8510, Japan Abstract. Green functions of classical groups this, we define Green functions associated to complex reflection groups G(e, 1, n), and study

Shoj, Toshiaki

192

Identification coding schemes for modulated reflectance systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An identifying coding apparatus employing modulated reflectance technology involving a base station emitting a RF signal, with a tag, located remotely from the base station, and containing at least one antenna and predetermined other passive circuit components, receiving the RF signal and reflecting back to the base station a modulated signal indicative of characteristics related to the tag.

Coates, Don M. (Santa Fe, NM); Briles, Scott D. (Los Alamos, NM); Neagley, Daniel L. (Albuquerque, NM); Platts, David (Santa Fe, NM); Clark, David D. (Santa Fe, NM)

2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

193

Robust message routing for mobile (wireless) ad hoc networks.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the results of research targeting improvements in the robustness of message transport in wireless ad hoc networks. The first section of the report provides an analysis of throughput and latency in the wireless medium access control (MAC) layer and relates the analysis to the commonly used 802.11 protocol. The second section describes enhancements made to several existing models of wireless MAC and ad hoc routing protocols; the models were used in support of the work described in the following section. The third section of the report presents a lightweight transport layer protocol that is superior to TCP for use in wireless networks. In addition, it introduces techniques that improve the performance of any ad hoc source routing protocol. The fourth section presents a novel, highly scalable ad hoc routing protocol that is based on geographic principles but requires no localization hardware.

Goldsby, Michael E.; Johnson, Michael M.; Kilman, Dominique Marie (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Bierbaum, Neal Robert; Chen, Helen Y.; Ammerlahn, Heidi R.; Tsang, Rose P.; Nicol, David M. (University of Illinois, Urbana, IL)

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Use of bitumen reflectance in hydrocarbon exploration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bitumen is a sensitive indicator of the thermal maturity of sedimentary rocks, particularly in carbonates and lower Paleozoic, where vitrinite is scarce. The optical properties of bitumen (at 546 nm) follow trends similar to those of vitrinite with increasing maturity. However, the following differences exist: (1) bitumen has lower reflectance than vitrinite up to the onset of oil generation, as determined by vitrinite reflectance; (2) reflectance of bitumen follows a higher trend than that of vitrinite at an R{sub 0} level of 1.0% (peak of oil generation). Bitumen reflectance can be converted to vitrinite reflectance using Jacob's formula. In lower Paleozoic rocks (Ordovician and older) bitumen can be used as a thermal indicator for determining the level of maturity with increasing burial depth. There are, however, complexities in the above application because of differentiation between reservoir-migrated and primary bitumen.

Goodarzi, F.; Gentzis, T. (Geological Survey of Canada, Calgary, Alberta)

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

CSC418 / CSCD18 / CSC2504 Basic Lighting and Reflection 8 Basic Lighting and Reflection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CSC418 / CSCD18 / CSC2504 Basic Lighting and Reflection 8 Basic Lighting and Reflection Up things, on the lighting that illuminates the scene, and on the interaction of light with the objects in the scene. Some of the basic qualitative properties of lighting and object reflectance that we need

Toronto, University of

196

Photovoltaic converter having apertured reflective enclosure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a photovoltaic converter. It comprises: a photovoltaic cell having an incident face upon which light is directed to cause photogeneration; an enclosure over the incident face, the wall of the enclosure having a reflective inner surface spaced apart from the incident face to permit light reflected from the incident face to be re-reflected by the inner surface and back to the photovoltaic cell; and an aperture through the wall of the enclosure to permit light to fall directly upon the voltaic cell. The ratio of the area of the aperture to the are of the incident face of the photovoltaic cell is less than about 0.2.

Sinton, R.A.; Swanson, R.M.

1990-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

197

An Energy and Power Consumption Analysis of FPGA Routing Architectures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Energy and Power Consumption Analysis of FPGA Routing Architectures Peter Jamieson, Elec of energy and power consumption using an updated power estimation framework compatible with VPR 5.0. The goal of this research is to help FPGA vendors find the best FPGA architectures. Initially, we make some

Wilton, Steve

198

Optical Networking and Impairments, Routing and Path Computation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PCE in multi-bit rate 10-100 Gb/s WSON with experimental demonstration N. Sambo, G. Meloni, F PCE based approaches providing separate or joint computation of impairments and RWA OThAA6 Impairment-route. #12;Code Title Author/Affiliation Topic OThI3 GMPLS/PCE/OBST Architectures for Guaranteed Sub

California at Davis, University of

199

Three-Dimensional Routing in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three-Dimensional Routing in Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks Dario Pompili and Tommaso Melodia applications in oceanographic data collection, pollution monitoring, offshore exploration, disaster prevention in a 3D underwa- ter acoustic sensor network is investigated at the network layer, by considering

Pompili, Dario

200

Route Optimization with MAP-Based Enhancement in Mobile Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technology and user de- mands for mobility support have motivated the IETF to introduce mobile IP, mobile IPv technology and demand for mobility support from users, the IETF has introduced mobile IP (MIP) [1], mobileRoute Optimization with MAP-Based Enhancement in Mobile Networks Jeonghoon Park, Tae-Jin Lee

Lee, Tae-Jin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

A Gossip Algorithm for Heterogeneous Multi-Vehicle Routing Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tasks arbitrarily distributed in a plane, to each task is assigned a servicing cost, each vehicle with arbi- trary execution cost and vehicles with different task exe- cution speeds. We provide upperA Gossip Algorithm for Heterogeneous Multi-Vehicle Routing Problems Mauro Franceschelli Daniele

Bullo, Francesco

202

Energy Efficient Broadcast Routing in Static Ad Hoc Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such that the energy cost of the broadcast tree is minimized. Each node in the network is assumed to have a fixed level a broadcast tree such that the energy cost of the broadcast tree is minimized. We first prove that the problemEnergy Efficient Broadcast Routing in Static Ad Hoc Wireless Networks Deying Li, Xiaohua Jia

Jia, Xiaohua

203

Assessing streamaquifer interactions through inverse modeling of flow routing q  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessing stream­aquifer interactions through inverse modeling of flow routing q Jozsef Szilagyi a and Nieber, 1977; Troch et al., 1993; Brutsaert and Lopez, 1998; Szilagyi et al., 1998; Par- lange et al., 2001; Szilagyi, 2003a). Knowledge of this inter- action between streamflow and groundwater during flood

Szilagyi, Jozsef

204

Contract Database Number: ______________ Boise State University CONTRACT ROUTING FORM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contract Database Number: ______________ Boise State University CONTRACT ROUTING FORM BSU Policy 1030 requires original copies of all contracts meeting certain criteria to be housed in the Archive Library. This form must accompany ALL Contracts submitted to the Office of the General Counsel. Please

Barrash, Warren

205

Continuum Equilibria for Routing in Dense Ad-hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lucioles, B.P. 93, 06902 Sophia-Antipolis Cedex, France. Email: Eitan.Altman@sophia.inria.fr Pierre Bernhard I3S, Universit´e de Nice-Sophia Antipolis and CNRS 940 Route des Colles, B.P. 145, 06903 Sophia.P. 93, 06902 Sophia-Antipolis Cedex, France. Email: Alonso.Silva@sophia.inria.fr Merouane Debbah SUPELEC

206

HADOF: Defense Against Routing Disruptions in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 HADOF: Defense Against Routing Disruptions in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Wei Yu, Yan Sun and K. J disruptions in mobile ad hoc networks. Based on the observed behavior and the history record of each node AND BACKGROUND A mobile ad hoc network is a group of mobile nodes without requiring centralized administration

Sun, Yan Lindsay

207

Enhancing Routing Protocol with Memory in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enhancing Routing Protocol with Memory in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Yongjun Dai, Changhee Joo prevalent, TCP performance over mobile ad hoc networks attracts more attention. The earlier studies on TCP in wireless networks have shown that it performs poorly in ad hoc networks. They tackled the problem

Bahk, Saewoong

208

Evaluation of Urban Vehicle Routing Algorithms Linghe Kong, 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plays a key role in constructing an effective vehicular CPS. Keywords: Vehicle path routing, real functions to society, it does have its own negative impacts in terms of congestion, pollution, accidents, and energy consumption. Recently, academic and industry community proposed the idea of communications

209

Backpressure Routing Made Practical Scott Moeller, Avinash Sridharan, Bhaskar Krishnamachari  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

weight as the next hop for the packet. Forwarding decision: if wi,j > 0, the packet is forwarded (i.eBackpressure Routing Made Practical Scott Moeller, Avinash Sridharan, Bhaskar Krishnamachari is the following weight computa- tion at a node i for each of its neighbors: wi,j = (Qi,j - V · ETXij) · Rij Here

Gnawali, Omprakash

210

From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory: The Hopf route  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory: The Hopf route A. I. Solomon1 2, G. E. H. Duchamp3. Eliasza-Radzikowskiego 152, PL 31-342 Krak´ow, Poland E-mail: a.i.solomon@open.ac.uk, gduchamp2@free solvable model (at least in the free boson case). On the basis of a combinatorial methodology, we show

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

211

From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory: The Hopf route  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory: The Hopf route A. I. Solomon 1 2 , G. E. H. Duchamp. Eliasza­Radzikowskiego 152, PL 31­342 Krakâ??ow, Poland E­mail: a.i.solomon@open.ac.uk, gduchamp2@free solvable model (at least in the free boson case). On the basis of a combinatorial methodology, we show

Recanati, Catherine

212

Code Pruning in Opportunistic Routing through Bidirectional Coding Traffic Comparison  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Xiaozhuan Chen, Mingming Lu, Jianxin Wang , Xi Zhang , and Jie Wu Abstract Opportunistic routing (OR, wireless mesh networks. Weiping Wang, Xiaozhuan Chen, Mingming Lu, and Jianxin Wang are with the School-mail: {wpwang, xzchen, mingminglu, jxwang}@csu.edu.cn (see http://netlab.csu.edu.cn). Mingming Lu

Wu, Jie

213

Adhoc Network Routing for Centralized Information Sharing Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

information sharing system composed of a data repository and many remote devices. The proposed routing remote devices to the server. The path from the server to a device is established when the device sends very limited computing power. They usually use rechargeable or solar batteries and power supply is very

Kim, Chong-Kwon

214

Reliable and Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol in Dense  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliable and Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol in Dense Wireless Sensor Networks Min Chen, Taekyoung Kwon, Shiwen Mao, + Yong Yuan, Victor C.M. Leung* Department of Electrical and Computer@snu.ac.kr Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Auburn University, 200 Broun Hall, Auburn, AL 36849

Chen, Min

215

Maximum Residual Energy Routing with Reverse Energy Cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy consumption is present in transmission (i.e. the receiving end consumes energy), finding an MRE in energy conservation. This issue has been studied extensively in the past. A central part of any routing is present in transmission (i.e. the receiving end consumes energy), finding an MRE path that has enough

Fleischer, Rudolf

216

Hamilton-Oxford METRO stops along the route are  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hamilton-Oxford Metro METRO stops along the route are marked with red and white Metro signs. For safety reasons, bus drivers may only pick-up and drop-off at designated bus stops. At Miami Hamilton of University Hall. OUTBOUND BUS STOPS Miami University Hamilton Campus Harry T. Wilks Conference Center

Dollar, Anna

217

Distributed Route Planning Using Partial Map-Building Christine Alvarado  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Route Planning Using Partial Map-Building Christine Alvarado Senior Honors Thesis in a known location in space. Our tools include a system of manipulation robots, which are "blind" and one;2 1 Introduction The work presented in this thesis is based on the desire to solve the moving problem

218

Routes to wild dynamics Lorenzo J. D IAZ yz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Routes to wild dynamics Lorenzo J. D #19; IAZ #3;yz Departamento de Matem#19;atica Pontif#19 present dynamical scenarios leading to wild dynamics. We #12;rst discuss the C 2 persistent coexistence, we studied a paper on wild dynamics, the so-called Newhouse phenomenon, the subject of the present

DĂ­az, Lorenzo J.

219

Upconversion as a Viable Route to Increased Efficiency Solar Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Upconversion as a Viable Route to Increased Efficiency Solar Energy Conversion Joshua Zide, Matt University of Delaware Energy Institute #12;Efficiency drives reduced $/W.... http://www.nrel.gov/ncpv/! Shockley-Queisser Limit! *adopted from http://www.lbl.gov/Science-Articles/Archive/MSD-full-spectrum-solar

Firestone, Jeremy

220

Routing in Intermittently Connected Networks: Age Rumors in Connected Components  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an analogy with the sound propagation in liquid where molecules creates temporary connected component a comparison with sound propaga- tion in liquid medium and show that this allows a theoretical analysis of each other). We consider the problem of routing with the sole assumption that the speed of the node

Mans, Bernard

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

The Adversarial Route Analysis Tool: A Web Application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Adversarial Route Analysis Tool is a type of Google maps for adversaries. It's a web-based Geospatial application similar to Google Maps. It helps the U.S. government plan operations that predict where an adversary might be. It's easily accessible and maintainble and it's simple to use without much training.

Casson, William H. Jr. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

222

High Throughput Spectrum-aware Routing for Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Throughput Spectrum-aware Routing for Cognitive Radio Networks Ashwin Sampath, Lei Yang, Lili, wireless nodes equipped with cognitive radios [11] do not operate on statically as- signed spectrum who own the spectrum, e.g. analog TV broadcast stations. Such flexibility means cognitive radios can

Zhao, Ben Y.

223

High Throughput Spectrumaware Routing for Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Throughput Spectrum­aware Routing for Cognitive Radio Networks Ashwin Sampath, Lei Yang, Lili, wireless nodes equipped with cognitive radios [11] do not operate on statically as­ signed spectrum. Instead, they identify and use locally unused licensed spectrum while avoiding disruptions to legacy users

Zhao, Ben Y.

224

Distributed Routing, Relay Selection, and Spectrum Allocation in Cognitive and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the existing radio spectrum. Based on the reported evidence that static licensed spectrum allocation results--Throughput maximization is a key challenge in cognitive radio ad hoc networks, where the availability of local spectrum radio networks, dynamic spectrum allocation, routing, cross-layer de- sign. I. INTRODUCTION The need

Melodia, Tommaso

225

Directional Routing over Orthogonal Lines: A Performance Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Directional Routing over Orthogonal Lines: A Performance Evaluation Invited Paper Bow-Nan Cheng of Nevada - Reno yuksem@cse.unr.edu Shivkumar Kalyanaraman ECSE Department Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute lines orthogonal to each other at each node, it is possible to provide over 98% connectivity while

Yuksel, Murat

226

Routing for Wireless Multi Hop Networks Unifying and Distinguishing Features  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2011-583 Sherin Abdel Hamid Hossam Hassanein Glen Takahara Telecommunications Research Lab (TRL) School, the four aforementioned network paradigms share some commonalities in terms of their routing functions communication refers to the use of untethered communication (e.g. infrared, acoustic, or radio frequency signals

Graham, Nick

227

Geodesic Distance in Fisher Information Space and Holographic Entropy Formula  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this short note, we examine geodesic distance in Fisher information space in which the metric is defined by the entanglement entropy in CFT_(1+1). It is obvious in this case that the geodesic distance at a constant time is a function of the entropy data embedded into the information space. In a special case, the geodesic equation can be solved analytically, and we find that the distance agrees well with the Ryu-Takayanagi formula. Then, we can understand how the distance looks at the embeded quantum information. The result suggests that the Fisher metric is an efficient tool for constructing the holographic spacetime.

Hiroaki Matsueda

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

228

Geodesic Distance in Planar Graphs: An Integrable Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the enumeration of planar graphs using bijections with suitably decorated trees, which allow for keeping track of the geodesic distances between faces of the graph. The corresponding generating functions obey non-linear recursion relations on the geodesic distance. These are solved by use of stationary multi-soliton tau-functions of suitable reductions of the KP hierarchy. We obtain a unified formulation of the (multi-) critical continuum limit describing large graphs with marked points at large geodesic distances, and obtain integrable differential equations for the corresponding scaling functions. This provides a continuum formulation of two-dimensional quantum gravity, in terms of the geodesic distance.

P. Di Francesco

2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

229

adolescent female distance: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

distance 26 Female Leadership Raises Aspirations and Educational Attainment for Girls: A Policy Experiment in India MIT - DSpace Summary: Exploiting a randomized natural...

230

Submersible Survey Along the Honolulu Sea Water Air Conditioning LLC Pipe Route to Provide Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Submersible Survey Along the Honolulu Sea Water Air Conditioning LLC Pipe Route to Provide Data, University of Hawaii 2Honolulu Seawater Air Conditioning, LLC KOK & Pisces V #12;2 HSWAC Pipe Route Survey

231

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive routing strategy Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

strategy Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Adaptive Cell-Relay Routing Protocol for Mobile ad hoc Networks Summary: . Our ACR protocol can adapt the routing strategy for networks...

232

E-Print Network 3.0 - ad hoc routing Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

routing Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: ad hoc routing Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Sum-of-Sinusoid channel models for wireless...

233

Intrinsic Route to Melt Fracture in Polymer Extrusion: AWeakly Nonlinear Subcritical Instability of Viscoelastic Poiseuille Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intrinsic Route to Melt Fracture in Polymer Extrusion: AWeakly Nonlinear Subcritical Instability generic route to melt fracture via a weakly nonlinear subcritical instability of viscoelastic Poiseuille ``subcritical'') instability due to normal stress effects; this instability appears to make melt fracture

van Saarloos, Wim

234

MACDONALD FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MACDONALD FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS. A generalization of Macdonald o* *perators is also constructed, and we characterize such functions by making use of * *Macdonald operators, assuming a certain conjecture

Shoj, Toshiaki

235

MACDONALD FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MACDONALD FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS TOSHIAKI SHOJI Department version of the above Hall-Littlewood functions, as a generalization of Macdonald functions associated to symmetric groups. A generalization of Macdonald operators is also constructed, and we characterize

Shoj, Toshiaki

236

Preparing reflective substrate surfaces for laser treatment  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A coating of either copper oxide or felt tip pen ink is used on reflective copper or gold substrates to enhance laser beam coupling when the substrates are cut or welded with a laser.

Flick, F.F.

1984-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

237

Effective Field Theory for Bound State Reflection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elastic quantum bound-state reflection from a hard-wall boundary provides direct information regarding the structure and compressibility of quantum bound states. We discuss elastic quantum bound-state reflection and derive a general theory for elastic reflection of shallow dimers from hard-wall surfaces using effective field theory. We show that there is a small expansion parameter for analytic calculations of the reflection scattering length. We present a calculation up to second order in the effective Hamiltonian in one, two, and three dimensions. We also provide numerical lattice results for all three cases as a comparison with our effective field theory results. Finally, we provide an analysis of the compressibility of the alpha particle confined to a cubic lattice with vanishing Dirichlet boundaries.

Michelle Pine; Dean Lee

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

238

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has led to an outburst of research activities in the field of lensless imaging. XFELs...

239

Lensless X-Ray Imaging in Reflection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging in Reflection Print Wednesday, 26 October 2011 00:00 The advent of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) light sources has led to an outburst of research activities...

240

Frustrated total internal reflection acoustic field sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A frustrated total internal reflection acoustic field sensor which allows the acquisition of the acoustic field over an entire plane, all at once. The sensor finds use in acoustic holography and acoustic diffraction tomography. For example, the sensor may be produced by a transparent plate with transparent support members tall enough to support one or more flexible membranes at an appropriate height for frustrated total internal reflection to occur. An acoustic wave causes the membrane to deflect away from its quiescent position and thus changes the amount of light that tunnels through the gap formed by the support members and into the membrane, and so changes the amount of light reflected by the membrane. The sensor(s) is illuminated by a uniform tight field, and the reflection from the sensor yields acoustic wave amplitude and phase information which can be picked up electronically or otherwise.

Kallman, Jeffrey S. (Pleasanton, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Lamp method and apparatus using multiple reflections  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method wherein the light in a sulfur or selenium lamp is reflected through the fill a multiplicity of times to convert ultraviolet radiation to visible is disclosed. A light emitting device comprised of an electrodeless envelope which bears a light reflecting covering around a first portion which does not crack due to differential thermal expansion and which has a second portion which comprises a light transmissive aperture. 20 figs.

MacLennan, D.A.; Turner, B.; Kipling, K.

1999-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

242

Lamp method and apparatus using multiple reflections  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method wherein the light in a sulfur or selenium lamp is reflected through the fill a multiplicity of times to convert ultraviolet radiation to visible. A light emitting device comprised of an electrodeless envelope which bears a light reflecting covering around a first portion which does not crack due to differential thermal expansion and which has a second portion which comprises a light transmissive aperture.

MacLennan, Donald A. (Butler, PA); Turner, Brian (Damascus, MD); Kipling, Kent (Gaithersburg, MD)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Proactive Route Maintenance in Wireless Ad Hoc Fei Dai and Jie Wu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Reactive (i.e., on- demand) protocols such as DSR [4] and AODV [5] do not up- date routing information

Wu, Jie

244

Optical Reflectance Measurements for Commonly Used Reflectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When simulating light collection in scintillators, modeling the angular distribution of optical light reflectance from surfaces is very important. Since light reflectance is poorly understood, either purely specular or purely diffuse reflectance is generally assumed. In this paper we measure the optical reflectance distribution for eleven commonly used reflectors. A 440 nm, output power stabilized, un-polarized laser is shone onto a reflector at a fixed angle of incidence. The reflected light's angular distribution is measured by an array of silicon photodiodes. The photodiodes are movable to cover 2 pi of solid angle. The light-induced current is, through a multiplexer, read out with a digital multimeter. A LabVIEW program controls the motion of the laser and the photodiode array, the multiplexer, and the data collection. The laser can be positioned at any angle with a position accuracy of 10 arc minutes. Each photodiode subtends 6.3o, and the photodiode array can be positioned at any angle with up to 10 arc minute angular resolution. The dynamic range for the current measurements is 105:1. The measured light reflectance distribution was measured to be specular for several ESR films as well as for aluminum foil, mostly diffuse for polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) tape and titanium dioxide paint, and neither specular nor diffuse for Lumirror(R), Melinex(R) and Tyvek(R). Instead, a more complicated light distribution was measured for these three materials.

Janecek, Petr Martin; Moses, William

2008-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

245

A SearchBased BumpandRefit Approach to Incremental Routing for ECO Applications in FPGAs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

also introduce new concepts such as B&R cost estimation during global routing, and determination/or technological problems in the circuit. As far as routing is con­ cerned, in order to capitalize on the enormous resources and time already spent on routing the circuit, and to meet time­to­market requirements

Dutt, Shantanu

246

A TMN system for VPC and routing management in ATM networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A TMN system for VPC and routing management in ATM networks D. P. Griffin Institute of Computer, these parameters and subsequently the routes based on them can be configured on-line by a management system and Routing management system is required to take advantage of the features of VPCs while ensuring

Griffin, David

247

Energy-Efficient Multiple Routing Trees for Aggregate Query Evaluation in Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy-Efficient Multiple Routing Trees for Aggregate Query Evaluation in Sensor Networks Yuzhen is of paramount importance. Energy-efficient routing trees built for in-network pro- cessing play a central role multiple routing trees in sensor networks for the evaluation of a class of aggre- gate queries including

Liang, Weifa

248

SHARP: A Hybrid Adaptive Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SHARP: A Hybrid Adaptive Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Venugopalan Ramasubramanian@ece.cornell.edu, egs@cs.cornell.edu} ABSTRACT A central challenge in ad hoc networks is the design of rout- ing--Routing Protocols General Terms Design, Performance Keywords Hybrid, Adaptive, Ad Hoc Networks This work

Keinan, Alon

249

Energy-Balanced Cooperative Routing in Multihop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy-Balanced Cooperative Routing in Multihop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Siyuan Chen Minsu Huang. In this paper, we aim to study the impact of cooperative routing on balancing the energy distribution among their transmission power, our cooperative routing method can balance the energy among neighboring nodes and maximize

Wang, Yu

250

Route Optimization based on ND-Proxy for Mobile Nodes in IPv6 Mobile Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Route Optimization based on ND-Proxy for Mobile Nodes in IPv6 Mobile Networks Jaehoon Jeong- bile nodes in IPv6 mobile network to perform route optimization. The route optimization is possible because mobile router provides the prefix of its care-of address for its mobile nodes by playing the role

Jeong, Jaehoon "Paul"

251

Energy-Efficient Reliable Routing Considering Residual Energy in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy-Efficient Reliable Routing Considering Residual Energy in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Javad minimum energy routing (RMER). RMECR addresses three important requirements of ad hoc networks: energy-efficiency energy of nodes as well as quality of links to find energy-efficient and reliable routes that increase

Langendoen, Koen

252

A Multipath Energy-Aware On demand Source Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to re-establish broken routes. Thus, a considerable global energy gain can be achieved by minimizing. The choice of the primary route in MEA-DSR is conditioned by two factors: 1) the residual energy of nodesA Multipath Energy-Aware On demand Source Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks S. Chettibi

Boyer, Edmond

253

DEAR: A DEVICE AND ENERGY AWARE ROUTING PROTOCOL FOR MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 DEAR: A DEVICE AND ENERGY AWARE ROUTING PROTOCOL FOR MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS Arun Avudainayagam of functioning and available resources. In this paper, we propose a Device and Energy Aware Routing protocol-powered nodes and battery-powered nodes. We embed both the energy and the device awareness into the routing

Hou, Y. Thomas

254

Energy-efcient Route-aware MAC protocols for Diffusion-based Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy-efŁcient Route-aware MAC protocols for Diffusion-based Sensor Networks Injong Rhee, Jangwon Route-awareness allows sensor nodes to save energy by "sleep- ing" opportunistically when choices, especially over low energy budget, than existing schemes. Our simulation results show that route-aware

Young, R. Michael

255

Energy-Aware Routing for E-Textile Applications Jung-Chun Kao and Radu Marculescu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy-Aware Routing for E-Textile Applications Jung-Chun Kao and Radu Marculescu Carnegie Mellon for e- textile applications. In this paper, we address the issue of the energy-aware routing for e of this analytical upper bound. Moreover, compared to the non-energy-aware counterpart, our routing technique

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

256

Energy-Aware Routing in Sensor Networks: A Large Systems Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy-Aware Routing in Sensor Networks: A Large Systems Approach Longbi Lin, Ness B. Shroff, and R capacity. Index Terms-- Energy-Aware Routing, Sensor Network, Large System, Mathematical Programming/Optimization, Simulations I. INTRODUCTION Energy-aware routing problem in sensor networks has received significant attention

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

257

~O(Congestion + Dilation) Hot-Potato Routing on Leveled Networks Costas Busch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

~O(Congestion + Dilation) Hot-Potato Routing on Leveled Networks Costas Busch Rensselaer that matches the lower bound (C + D). Motivated from optical networks, we study the extreme case of hot-potato routing in which the nodes are bufferless. In hot-potato routing, packets may be unable to follow

Busch, Konstantin "Costas"

258

Energy efficient wireless unicast routing alternatives for machine-to-machine networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review Energy efficient wireless unicast routing alternatives for machine-to-machine networks Neyre into shortest-path based energy-efficient routing alternatives to provide a reference for system designers. Next, a detailed account of energy-efficient unicast routing alternatives, with a particular focus

Uysal-Biyikoglu, Elif

259

Reliable and Energy-Efficient Routing for Static Wireless Ad Hoc Networks with Unreliable Links  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliable and Energy-Efficient Routing for Static Wireless Ad Hoc Networks with Unreliable Links, Yanwei Wu, Student Member, IEEE, and Yong Qi, Member, IEEE Abstract--Energy efficient routing and power. In this paper, we address the problem of energy efficient reliable routing for wireless ad hoc networks

Wang, Yu

260

Integrated Droplet Routing in the Synthesis of Microfluidic Tao Xu and Krishnendu Chakrabarty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated Droplet Routing in the Synthesis of Microfluidic Biochips* Tao Xu and Krishnendu, krish}@ee.duke.edu ABSTRACT Microfluidic biochips are revolutionizing many areas of biochemistry of droplet routing in microfluidic arrays. These methods typically rely on post-synthesis droplet routing

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

UFO: A Resilient Layered Routing Architecture Yaping Zhu , Andy Bavier , Nick Feamster , Sampath Rangarajan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UFO: A Resilient Layered Routing Architecture Yaping Zhu , Andy Bavier , Nick Feamster , Sampath topologies. The paper presents a layered routing architecture called UFO (Underlay Fused with Overlays overlays into the existing routing infrastructure. We call our system UFO (Underlay Fused with Overlays

Singh, Jaswinder Pal

262

Landmarks in OpenLS --A Data Structure for Cognitive Ergonomic Route Directions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Landmarks in OpenLS -- A Data Structure for Cognitive Ergonomic Route Directions Stefan Hansen1 ergonomic route directions in this article. They try to reduce the cognitive load for the travelers ergonomic route directions. In M. Raubal, H. Miller, A. U. Frank, & M. F. Goodchild (Eds.), GIScience

Bremen, Universität

263

Joint Scheduling, Power Control and Routing in Symmetric, One-dimensional, Multi-hop Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joint Scheduling, Power Control and Routing in Symmetric, One-dimensional, Multi-hop Wireless scheduling, routing and power control that achieves max-min fair rate allocation in a multi-hop wireless that a traditional layering network approach, separating routing, scheduling, flow and power control

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

264

FastRoute: An efficient and high-quality global , Yanheng Zhang3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measured at the edges of global routing grids but also minimize the total wirelength and via usage, which1 FastRoute: An efficient and high-quality global router Min Pan1 , Yue Xu2 , Yanheng Zhang3--Modern large-scale circuit designs have created great demand for fast and high-quality global routing

Chu, Chris C.-N.

265

A New Algorithm for Standard Cell Global Routing Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% reduction in the total channel density compared to the Timberwolf 4.2 package. Keywords: Global routingA New Algorithm for Standard Cell Global Routing Jason Cong Department of Computer Science for standard cell global routing. The algorithm considers all of the interconnection nets simultaneously

Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"

266

ROSA: Distributed Joint Routing and Dynamic Spectrum Allocation in Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ROSA: Distributed Joint Routing and Dynamic Spectrum Allocation in Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks opportunistic spectrum access and dynamic routing algorithm for cognitive radio networks is proposed, called Keywords Cognitive Radio Networks, routing, dynamic spectrum allocation, cross-layer design 1. INTRODUCTION

Melodia, Tommaso

267

An On-demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An On-demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network Sheetalkumar Doshi the necessary features of an on-demand minimum energy routing protocol and suggests mechanisms the performance of an on-demand minimum energy routing protocol in terms of energy savings with an existing on

Brown, Timothy X.

268

An On-demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An On-demand Minimum Energy Routing Protocol for a Wireless Ad Hoc Network Sheetalkumar Doshi of an on-demand minimum energy routing protocol and suggests mechanisms for their imple- mentation. We of an on-demand minimum energy routing protocol in terms of energy savings with an existing on-demand ad

269

Parallel algorithms for approximation of distance maps on parametric surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

results demonstrate up to four orders of magnitude improvement in execution time compared to the state(n) numerical algorithm for first-order approximation of geodesic distances on geometry images, where n charts, parallel algorithms, GPU, SIMD 1. INTRODUCTION Approximation of geodesic distances on curved

Kimmel, Ron

270

A novel molecular index for secondary oil migration distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

migration distances from source rocks to reservoirs can greatly help in the search for new petroleum and correlates solely with migration distance from source rock to reservoir. Case studies serve to demonstrate alteration of buried organic matter in source rocks, followed by oil expulsion (primary migration) out

Wang, Yang

271

How to project `circular' manifolds using geodesic distances?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How to project `circular' manifolds using geodesic distances? John Aldo Lee, Michel Verleysen,verleysen}@dice.ucl.ac.be Abstract. Recent papers have clearly shown the advantage of using the geodesic distance instead strongly crumpled manifolds have to be un- folded. Nevertheless, neither the Euclidean nor the geodesic

Verleysen, Michel

272

Distance Spectrum Analysis of Third Generation Turbo Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract: Turbo Codes are a class of powerful error correction codes that were introduced in 1993 by a group of researchers from France, which has the performance near the limit of Claude Shannon. After the introduction of turbo codes it has given raise a tremendous research work related to the new coding theory. This paper addresses the performance of Turbo codes by examining the codes ’ distance spectrum. It is well known that error floor occurs in the performance curve of turbo codes at moderate to high signal-to-noise ratio. The cause of error floor is due to the relatively low free distance of the codewords. Several techniques were proposed by researchers to lower the error floor. These techniques are assessed in this paper. To determine the free distance several algorithms were developed by different researchers. In this paper we used one of the recent algorithm to evaluate the distance spectrum of Turbo codes. We concentrate our analysis to measure and explain the distance spectrum of UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System), cdma2000 and CCSDS (Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems) standards Turbo Codes. It is shown that the distance spectrum depends on the code rate, interleaver size and the interleaver type.This distance spectrum of turbo codes can be used to estimate its performance at medium to higher SNR (signal to noise ratio). From our analysis we find out that the distance spectrum is one of the elementary issues using which one can find the optimum architecture of Turbo codes for specific application.

unknown authors

273

Pet Video Chat: Monitoring and Interacting with Dogs over Distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pet Video Chat: Monitoring and Interacting with Dogs over Distance Abstract Companies are now making video-communication systems that allow pet owners to see, and, in some cases, even interact with their pets when they are separated by distance. Such `doggie cams' show promise, yet it is not clear how pet

Golbeck, Jennifer

274

Homogeneity and Monotonicity of Distance-Rationalizable Voting Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that can be used for this purpose is that of votewise distances [EFS10b], which "lift" distances over, social choice theory emerges as an important tool in the design and analysis of multiagent systems [ER97 for artificial agents and vice versa. For instance, there are voting rules (such as, e.g., single transferable

Slinko, Arkadii

275

Distance Metric Learning for Large Margin Nearest Neighbor Classification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distance Metric Learning for Large Margin Nearest Neighbor Classification Kilian Q. Weinberger}@cis.upenn.edu Abstract We show how to learn a Mahanalobis distance metric for k-nearest neigh- bor (kNN) classification in kNN classification--for example, achieving a test error rate of 1.3% on the MNIST handwritten digits

Weinberger, Kilian

276

Ris-R-1518(EN) The necessary distance between large  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risø-R-1518(EN) The necessary distance between large wind farms offshore - study Sten Frandsen. As it is often the need for offshore wind farms, the model handles a regular array-geometry with straight rows distance between large wind farms in the offshore environment. The main results are given in Section 1

277

REFLECT: A computer program for the x-ray reflectivity of bent perfect crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of monochromators for x-ray applications, using either standard laboratory sources on synchrotron radiation sources, requires a knowledge of the reflectivity of the crystals. The reflectivity depends on the crystals used, the geometry of the reflection, the energy range of the radiation, and, in the present case, the cylindrical bending radius of the optical device. This report is intended to allow the reader to become familiar with, and therefore use, a computer program called REFLECT which we have used in the design of a dual beam Laue monochromator for synchrotron angiography. The results of REFLECT have been compared to measured reflectivities for both bent Bragg and Laue geometries. The results are excellent and should give full confidence in the use of the program. 6 refs.

Etelaeniemi, V.; Suortti, P.; Thomlinson, W. (Helsinki Univ. (Finland). Dept. of Physics; Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Parallel Routing Algorithms for Nonblocking Electronic and Photonic Switching Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parallel Routing Algorithms for Nonblocking Electronic and Photonic Switching Networks Enyue Lu for the RNB networks of complexities ranging from OĂ°N lg NĂ? to OĂ°N1:5 lg NĂ? crosspoints and parallel algorithms that run in OĂ°minfdĂ? lg N; ffiffiffiffiffi N p gĂ? time for the SNB networks of OĂ°N1:5 lg NĂ?

Lu, Enyue "Annie"

279

Race to license new MTBE and TAME routes heats up  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With refineries and petrochemical manufacturers continuing to gear up production of oxygenates for use in reformulated fuels, new routes to methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and tert-amyl methyl ether (TAME) are clearly hot items in the licensing market. And probably nowhere has the competition become as intense as in offerings for skeletal isomerization technologies to boost ethers production from fluid catalytic cracking and steam cracking.

Rotman, D.

1993-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

280

Method of making reflecting film reflector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reflector of the reflecting film type is disclosed and which may be used in a heliostatic system for concentrating solar energy and comprising a reflecting film bonded to an appropriate rigid substrate in such a way that specularity of a very high order is achieved. A method of bonding the reflecting film to the substrate is also disclosed and comprises the steps of initially adhering the film to a smooth, clean flat rigid surface with a non-bonding liquid between the rigid surface and film, and then bonding the substrate and film. The non-bonding liquid has a molecular adhesion greater than any stresses due to handling or curing of the bonding agent which is applied between the film and the opposing surface of the rigid substrate.

Cottingham, James G. (Center Moriches, NY)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Pigments which reflect infrared radiation from fire  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Conventional paints transmit or absorb most of the intense infrared (IR) radiation emitted by fire, causing them to contribute to the spread of fire. The present invention comprises a fire retardant paint additive that reflects the thermal IR radiation emitted by fire in the 1 to 20 micrometer ({micro}m) wavelength range. The important spectral ranges for fire control are typically about 1 to about 8 {micro}m or, for cool smoky fires, about 2 {micro}m to about 16 {micro}m. The improved inventive coatings reflect adverse electromagnetic energy and slow the spread of fire. Specific IR reflective pigments include titanium dioxide (rutile) and red iron oxide pigments with diameters of about 1 {micro}m to about 2 {micro}m and thin leafing aluminum flake pigments. 4 figs.

Berdahl, P.H.

1998-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

282

Pigments which reflect infrared radiation from fire  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Conventional paints transmit or absorb most of the intense infrared (IR) radiation emitted by fire, causing them to contribute to the spread of fire. The present invention comprises a fire retardant paint additive that reflects the thermal IR radiation emitted by fire in the 1 to 20 micrometer (.mu.m) wavelength range. The important spectral ranges for fire control are typically about 1 to about 8 .mu.m or, for cool smoky fires, about 2 .mu.m to about 16 .mu.m. The improved inventive coatings reflect adverse electromagnetic energy and slow the spread of fire. Specific IR reflective pigments include titanium dioxide (rutile) and red iron oxide pigments with diameters of about 1 .mu.m to about 2 .mu.m and thin leafing aluminum flake pigments.

Berdahl, Paul H. (Oakland, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

X-ray induced optical reflectivity  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

The change in optical reflectivity induced by intense x-ray pulses can now be used to study ultrafast many body responses in solids in the femtosecond time domain. X-ray absorption creates photoelectrons and core level holes subsequently filled by Auger or fluorescence processes, and these excitations ultimately add conduction and valence band carriers that perturb optical reflectivity.Optical absorption associated with band filling and band gap narrowing is shown to explain the basic features found in recent measurements on an insulator (silicon nitride, Si3N4), a semiconductor(gallium arsenide,GaAs), and a metal (gold,Au), obtained with ?100 fs x-ray pulses at 500-2000 eV and probed with 800 nm laser pulses. In particular GaAs exhibits an abrupt drop in reflectivity, persisting only for a time comparable to the x-ray excitation pulse duration, consistent with prompt band gap narrowing.

Durbin, Stephen M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Reflection technique for thermal mapping of semiconductors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Semiconductors may be optically tested for their temperatures by illuminating them with tunable monochromatic electromagnetic radiation and observing the light reflected off of them. A transition point will occur when the wavelength of the light corresponds with the actual band gap energy of the semiconductor. At the transition point, the image of the semiconductor will appreciably darken as the light is transmitted through it, rather than being reflected off of it. The wavelength of the light at the transition point corresponds to the actual band gap energy and the actual temperature of the semiconductor.

Walter, Martin J. (Lee, NY)

1989-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

285

Emergence of exponentially small reflected waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the time-dependent scattering of a quantum mechanical wave packet at a barrier for energies larger than the barrier height, in the semi-classical regime. More precisely, we are interested in the leading order of the exponentially small scattered part of the wave packet in the semiclassical parameter when the energy density of the incident wave is sharply peaked around some value. We prove that this reflected part has, to leading order, a Gaussian shape centered on the classical trajectory for all times soon after its birth time. We give explicit formulas and rigorous error bounds for the reflected wave for all of these times.

Volker Betz; Alain Joye; Stefan Teufel

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

286

Metasurfaces for suppressing reflection over broadband  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surfaces patterned with arrays of quasi-periodic air holes having conical depth profile have been studied for their effectiveness in suppressing air-substrate reflection in the wavelength range of 450-1350 nm (limited by our measurement). The role of quasi-periodic air-hole pattern, depth of holes and launch angle on the observed antireflection behavior are investigated. The average optical transmittance of the patterned quartz substrate at near normal incidence is more than 97% and reflectance is less than 2%. Patterned quartz surfaces with 450 nm thin graded rarefaction region maintain the antireflective property up to 30{\\deg} (limited by our measurements) angle of incidence.

Patra, Anuradha; Nagarajan, Arvind; Achanta, Venu Gopal

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

ADVANCED REFLECTIVE FILMS AND PANELS FOR NEXT GENERATION SOLAR...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

ADVANCED REFLECTIVE FILMS AND PANELS FOR NEXT GENERATION SOLAR COLLECTORS ADVANCED REFLECTIVE FILMS AND PANELS FOR NEXT GENERATION SOLAR COLLECTORS This presentation was delivered...

288

Characterization of the plastic substrates, the reflective layers...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the plastic substrates, the reflective layers, the adhesives, and the grooves of today's archival-grade Characterization of the plastic substrates, the reflective layers, the...

289

Constrained optimization in seismic reflection tomography: an SQP ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismic reflection tomography is a method for determining a subsurface velocity model from the traveltimes of seismic waves reflecting on geological interfaces.

2004-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

290

Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

properties of reflected solar radiation from glass surfaces,transfer at the siding surface. Direct solar radiation tosiding, reflected solar radiation from nearby surfaces,

Hart, Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Transportation Routing Analysis Georgraphic Information System (WebTRAGIS) User's Manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the early 1980s, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) developed two transportation routing models: HIGHWAY, which predicts truck transportation routes, and INTERLINE, which predicts rail transportation routes. Both of these models have been used by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) community for a variety of routing needs over the years. One of the primary uses of the models has been to determine population-density information, which is used as input for risk assessment with the RADTRAN model, which is available on the TRANSNET computer system. During the recent years, advances in the development of geographic information systems (GISs) have resulted in increased demands from the user community for a GIS version of the ORNL routing models. In April 1994, the DOE Transportation Management Division (EM-261) held a Baseline Requirements Assessment Session with transportation routing experts and users of the HIGHWAY and INTERLINE models. As a result of the session, the development of a new GIS routing model, Transportation Routing Analysis GIS (TRAGIS), was initiated. TRAGIS is a user-friendly, GIS-based transportation and analysis computer model. The older HIGHWAY and INTERLINE models are useful to calculate routes, but they cannot display a graphic of the calculated route. Consequently, many users have experienced difficulty determining the proper node for facilities and have been confused by or have misinterpreted the text-based listing from the older routing models. Some of the primary reasons for the development of TRAGIS are (a) to improve the ease of selecting locations for routing, (b) to graphically display the calculated route, and (c) to provide for additional geographic analysis of the route.

Michelhaugh, R.D.

2000-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

292

A Distributed Coverage-Preserving Multipath Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks Vijay Ponduru, Dipak Ghosal, and Biswanath Mukherjee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

routing algorithms have been proposed that conserve energy while increasing the lifetime of routes-selection algorithms. Several routing algorithms have been proposed that conserve energy while increasing the lifetime is sparse, coverage needs to be preserved by using energy-efficient route-selection algorithms. Several

Ghosal, Dipak

293

Dynamics of Hot-Potato Routing in IP Networks Renata Teixeira Aman Shaikh Tim Griffin Jennifer Rexford  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamics of Hot-Potato Routing in IP Networks Renata Teixeira Aman Shaikh Tim Griffin Jennifer, based on the intrado- main path cost. Under such hot-potato routing, an intradomain event can trigger BGP routing changes. To characterize the influ- ence of hot-potato routing, we conduct controlled

Zhou, Yuanyuan

294

Multi-reflective acoustic wave device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An acoustic wave device, which utilizes multiple localized reflections of acoustic wave for achieving an infinite impulse response while maintaining high tolerance for dampening effects, is disclosed. The device utilized a plurality of electromechanically significant electrodes disposed on most of the active surface. A plurality of sensors utilizing the disclosed acoustic wave mode device are also described.

Andle, Jeffrey C.

2006-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

295

Electrochromic window with high reflectivity modulation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multi-layered, active, thin film, solid-state electrochromic device having a high reflectivity in the near infrared in a colored state, a high reflectivity and transmissivity modulation when switching between colored and bleached states, a low absorptivity in the near infrared, and fast switching times, and methods for its manufacture and switching are provided. In one embodiment, a multi-layered device comprising a first indium tin oxide transparent electronic conductor, a transparent ion blocking layer, a tungsten oxide electrochromic anode, a lithium ion conducting-electrically resistive electrolyte, a complimentary lithium mixed metal oxide electrochromic cathode, a transparent ohmic contact layer, a second indium oxide transparent electronic conductor, and a silicon nitride encapsulant is provided. Through elimination of optional intermediate layers, simplified device designs are provided as alternative embodiments. Typical colored-state reflectivity of the multi-layered device is greater than 50% in the near infrared, bleached-state reflectivity is less than 40% in the visible, bleached-state transmissivity is greater than 60% in the near infrared and greater than 40% in the visible, and spectral absorbance is less than 50% in the range from 0.65-2.5 .mu.m.

Goldner, Ronald B. (Lexington, MA); Gerouki, Alexandra (Medford, MA); Liu, Te-Yang (Arlington, MA); Goldner, Mark A. (Cambridge, MA); Haas, Terry E. (Southborough, MA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Deep reflection-mode photoacoustic imaging of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

near-infrared laser pulses of 804-nm wavelength for PA excitation to achieve deep penetration-frequency PAM system. To achieve deep penetration of light, we chose the 804-nm near-infrared wavelengthDeep reflection-mode photoacoustic imaging of biological tissue Kwang Hyun Song and Lihong V. Wang

Wang, Lihong

297

Static corrections from shallow-reflection surveys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of unconsolidated materials can be substantially less than the velocity of sound in air. Weathered-layer thickness variation of 1 m in these low-velocity materials could result in a static anomaly in excess of 3 ms. Shallow-reflection data from the Texas panhandle...

Steeples, Don W.; Miller, Richard D.; Black, Ross A.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Reflections of Edmond J. Langhetee, Jr.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reflections of Edmond J. Langhetee, Jr. My education at Louisiana State University began in March, wondering whether I should reconsider my decision to enter petroleum engineering. Nuclear energy in its most, I was able to handle these and many other projects because of my educational background

Stephens, Jacqueline

299

14. Reflections on Legality Michael Caie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

14. Reflections on Legality Michael Caie 85. The Primacy of Law -We have seen that, on Bennett, and in order to get from one event to the occurrence of another we need, as Bennett puts it, " `the cement. -Bennett claims to have little sympathy for this account, and levels three objections against it

Fitelson, Branden

300

Visibility with Multiple Reflections Boris Aronov 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

â?? 1. A lower bound of \\Omega\\Gamma/ n=k \\Gamma \\Theta(1)) 2k ) is also established which matches to geometric optics, so that not only the issue of direct (straight­line) visibility, but also of visibility with reflection naturally occur here. Indeed, there is a large literature on geometric optics (such as [24, 12, 5

Dey, Tamal Krishna

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The distortion of cognitive distance in outdoor recreation travel decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

While many studies have looked at the effect of various factors on cognitive distance, interactional effects of two or more factors have not been examined. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of information exposure...

Chang, Yu-Min

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

A Media Player for Use in Distance Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have developed a media player for use in distance education. The player can incorporate several time-indexed sources, including video, audio, PowerPoint, and text index. We have converted all the SMA 5503 Introduction ...

Huang, Kai

303

TOWARD THE MINIMUM INNER EDGE DISTANCE OF THE HABITABLE ZONE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore the minimum distance from a host star where an exoplanet could potentially be habitable in order not to discard close-in rocky exoplanets for follow-up observations. We find that the inner edge of the Habitable ...

Zsom, Andras

304

Upper bounds on minimum distance of nonbinary quantum stabilizer codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The most popular class of quantum error correcting codes is stabilizer codes. Binary quantum stabilizer codes have been well studied, and Calderbank, Rains, Shor and Sloane (July 1998) have constructed a table of upper bounds on the minimum distance...

Kumar, Santosh

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Amartya Sen: Reflections on Theory in the Social Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Amartya Sen: Reflections on Theory in the Social Scienceswelcomes Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen, Lamont University

Kreisler, Harry

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Catheter based mid-infrared reflectance and reflectance generated absorption spectroscopy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of characterizing conditions in a tissue, by (a) providing a catheter that has a light source that emits light in selected wavenumbers within the range of mid-IR spectrum; (b) directing the light from the catheter to an area of tissue at a location inside a blood vessel of a subject; (c) collecting light reflected from the location and generating a reflectance spectra; and (d) comparing the reflectance spectra to a reference spectra of normal tissue, whereby a location having an increased number of absorbance peaks at said selected wavenumbers indicates a tissue inside the blood vessel containing a physiological marker for atherosclerosis.

Holman, Hoi-Ying N

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

307

Routes to spatiotemporal chaos in Kerr optical frequency combs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the various routes to spatiotemporal chaos in Kerr optical frequency combs, obtained through pumping an ultra-high Q-factor whispering-gallery mode resonator with a continuous-wave laser. The Lugiato–Lefever model is used to build bifurcation diagrams with regards to the parameters that are externally controllable, namely, the frequency and the power of the pumping laser. We show that the spatiotemporal chaos emerging from Turing patterns and solitons display distinctive dynamical features. Experimental spectra of chaotic Kerr combs are also presented for both cases, in excellent agreement with theoretical spectra.

Coillet, Aurélien; Chembo, Yanne K., E-mail: yanne.chembo@femto-st.fr [Optics Department, FEMTO-ST Institute CNRS UMR6174, 16 Route de Gray, 25030 Besançon cedex (France)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

Development of a cell-based stream flow routing model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

al. (1994) developed a 2.00x2.50 resolution river routing model for a number of World Rivers, coupled with an atmospheric-ocean model. The GCM of NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) (Hansen et al., 1983) was used to calculate the runoff... resolution of 2.00 X 2.50 using the coarse river network developed by Miller et al. (1994). Input to each of the grid cell was derived from the improved GISS GCM (Hansen et al., 1983), which improved the model prediction of discharge. Costa and Foley (1997...

Raina, Rajeev

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

309

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICSHe β-ResearchNew Method andA NewA New Route

310

A New Route to Nano Self-Assembly  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICSHe β-ResearchNew Method andA NewA New RouteA

311

Reflections on Cambridge: Reflections on Isaac Newton, discovery and Cambridge - with apple tree  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reflections about the life and effects of Isaac Newton in Cambridge, filmed outside Trinity College, with the descendant of his apple tree behind (and the rooms where he lived and worked). Filmed by Xu Bei in 2009....

Macfarlane, Alan

312

X-ray reflectivity and surface roughness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the advent of high brightness synchrotron radiation sources there has been a phenomenal growth in the use of x-rays as a probe of surface structure. The technique of x-ray reflectivity is particularly relevant to electrochemists since it is capable of probing the structure normal to an electrode surface in situ. In this paper the theoretical framework for x-ray reflectivity is reviewed and the results from previous non-electrochemistry measurements are summarized. These measurements are from the liquid/air interface (CCl/sub 4/), the metal crystal vacuum interface (Au(100)), and from the liquid/solid interface(liquid crystal/silicon). 34 refs., 5 figs.

Ocko, B.M.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Method for producing highly reflective metal surfaces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a novel method for producing mirror surfaces which are extremely smooth and which have high optical reflectivity. The method includes depositing, by electrolysis, an amorphous layer of nickel on an article and then diamond-machining the resulting nickel surface to increase its smoothness and reflectivity. The machined nickel surface then is passivated with respect to the formation of bonds with electrodeposited nickel. Nickel then is electrodeposited on the passivated surface to form a layer of electroplated nickel whose inside surface is a replica of the passivated surface. The mandrel then may be-re-passivated and provided with a layer of electrodeposited nickel, which is then recovered from the mandrel providing a second replica. The mandrel can be so re-used to provide many such replicas. As compared with producing each mirror-finished article by plating and diamond-machining, the new method is faster and less expensive.

Arnold, J.B.; Steger, P.J.; Wright, R.R.

1982-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

314

EXPERIMENT #3 REFLECTANCE SPECTROSCOPY We will use the reflectance attachment and fiber optics OceanOptics spectrophotometer to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXPERIMENT #3 REFLECTANCE SPECTROSCOPY We will use the reflectance attachment and fiber optics OceanOptics spectrophotometer to measure the reflectance spectrum of several paint samples in the special optically flat-bottomed cell so that the bottom is completely covered. Scan the reflectance

Nazarenko, Alexander

315

Reflective optical imaging method and circuit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate. The four optical elements are characterized in order from object to image as convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical system is particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention increases the slit dimensions associated with ringfield scanning optics, improves wafer throughput and allows higher semiconductor device density.

Shafer, David R. (Fairfield, CT)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Titre : Aide visuelle pour la prvention des sorties de route Date : 15/12/2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sorties de route partenaire ARCOS Fichier : 8 pages Projet G2 $LGH 9LVXHOOH SRXU OD 3UpYHQWLRQ GHV 6RUWLHV, Stéphane Espié (INRETS, Arcueil) #12; ¢¡¤£¢¥¤¦ Version : V1.0 Sortiesde Route $LGH YLVXHOOH SRXU OD SUp URXWH #12; ¢¡¤£¢¥¤¦ Version : V1.0 Sortiesde Route $LGH YLVXHOOH SRXU OD SUpYHQWLRQ GHV VRUWLHV GH URXWH

317

Ionization distances of multiply charged Rydberg ions approaching solid surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ionization distances R{sub c}{sup I} as well as the ionization rates and eigenenergies of one-electron multiply charged Rydberg ions (core charge Z>>1, principal quantum number n>>1) approaching solid surfaces are calculated. Within the framework of a nonperturbative etalon equation method (EEM), these quantities are obtained simultaneously. The complex energy eigenvalue problem for the decaying eigenstates is solved within the critical region R{approx_equal}R{sub c}{approx_equal}R{sub c}{sup I} of the ion-surface distances R. This region is characterized by the energy terms localized in the vicinity of the top of an effective potential barrier, created between the ion and polarized solid. We take into account that the parabolic symmetry is preserved for R{approx_equal}R{sub c} and that the parabolic quantum numbers can be taken as approximate but sufficiently good quantum numbers. The parabolic rates, energies, and corresponding ionization distances are presented in relatively simple analytical forms. The ionization distances are compared with the results of a classical overbarrier model. Comparison of the obtained energies and rates with the available theoretical predictions of the coupled angular mode method shows good agreement. The use of the EEM for an estimation of the upper limit of the first neutralization distance in the subsequent neutralization cascade is briefly discussed.

Nedeljkovic, Lj. D.; Nedeljkovic, N. N.; Bozanic, D. K. [Faculty of Physics, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 368, Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro); Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, P.O. Box 522, Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

318

Maintenance Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Andre Barroso, Utz Roedig and Cormac Sreenan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Maintenance Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Andre Barroso, Utz Roedig and Cormac Sreenan Mobile & Internet Systems Laboratory, University College Cork, Ireland Email: {a.barroso u

Sreenan, Cormac J.

319

A Set-Partitioning-Based Model for the Stochastic Vehicle Routing ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and home heating oil. Dessouky et al. (2005) offer the ...... A computational comparison of algorithms for the inventory routing problem. Annals of Operations

2006-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

320

E-Print Network 3.0 - aware routing protocol Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Morteza Maleki, Karthik Dantu... the network lifetime. Simulation results show that the proposed power-aware source routing protocol has... . The...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Congestion protection for public transportation : strategies and application to MBTA bus route 66.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Protecting transit routes from congestion is necessary for improving performance and reliability of bus service. Different congestion protection strategies that have been used across the… (more)

Boll, Christopher Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternative route designations Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering ; Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 2 Multipath Routing in Ad Hoc Networks An-I Andy Wang Geoffrey H. Kuenning Peter Reiher Summary: is initiated....

323

E-Print Network 3.0 - air route traffic control centers Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

routing algorithms for traffic classes that require... mechanisms such as congestion control and scheduling, we develop ... Source: Carnegie Mellon University, School of...

324

Convenient Fitness Routes for the SU Community North Campus Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Archbold-Flanagan entrance, take Sims Drive to Euclid Ave. to the Lancaster Ave. or Westcott St. intersections and back. Distances: 1.18 miles to Lancaster and back; 1.80 miles to Westcott St. and back. to Barry Park, loop Barry Park (using Meadowbrook Dr., Broad St., and Westcott St.) and then head back

Mather, Patrick T.

325

Evidence against correlations between nuclear decay rates and Earth-Sun distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distance of the source to the Sun. This work was supportedNuclear Decay Rates and Earth-Sun Distance Eric B. Normanand 241 Am and the Earth-Sun distance. We find no evidence

Norman, Eric B.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Gravitational lensing and the angular-diameter distance relation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the usual relation between redshift and angular-diameter distance can be obtained by considering light from a source to be gravitationally lensed by material that lies in the telescope beam as it passes from source to observer through an otherwise empty universe. This derivation yields an equation for the dependence of angular diameter on redshift in an inhomogeneous universe. We use this equation to model the distribution of angular-diameter distance for redshift z=3 in a realistically clustered cosmology. The distribution is such that attempts to determine q_0 from angular-diameter distances will systematically underestimate q_0 by ~0.15, and large samples would be required to beat down the intrinsic dispersion in measured values of q_0.

Fedja Hadrovic; James Binney

1997-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

327

Distances and Metallicities of High- and Intermediate-Velocity Clouds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A table is presented that summarizes published absorption line measurements for the high- and intermediate velocity clouds (HVCs and IVCs). New values are derived for N(HI) in the direction of observed probes, in order to arrive at reliable abundances and abundance limits (the HI data are described in Paper II). Distances to stellar probes are revisited and calculated consistently, in order to derive distance brackets or limits for many of the clouds, taking care to properly interpret non-detections. The main conclusions are the following. 1) Absolute abundances have been measured using lines of SII, NI and OI, with the following resulting values: ~0.1 solar for one HVC (complex C), ~0.3 solar for the Magellanic Stream, ~0.5 solar for a southern IVC, and ~ solar for two northern IVCs (the IV Arch and LLIV Arch). Finally, approximate values in the range 0.5-2 solar are found for three more IVCs. 2) Depletion patterns in IVCs are like those in warm disk or halo gas. 3) Most distance limits are based on strong UV lines of CII, SiII and MgII, a few on CaII. Distance limits for major HVCs are >5 kpc, while distance brackets for several IVCs are in the range 0.5-2 kpc. 4) Mass limits for major IVCs are 0.5-8x10^5 M_sun, but for major HVCs they are >10^6 M_sun. 5) The CaII/HI ratio varies by up to a factor 2-5 within a single cloud, somewhat more between clouds. 6) The NaIHI ratio varies by a factor >10 within a cloud, and even more between clouds. Thus, CaII can be useful for determining both lower and upper distance limits, but NaI only yields upper limits.

B. P. Wakker

2001-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

328

Work plan for vibration cable re-route and water flush system modifications for 107-AN mixer pump  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mixer pump (75 horsepower Hazleton submersible) is to be installed in the central pump pit of Double-Shell Tank 241-AN-107 for the Caustic Addition Project. The mixer pump will be used as a platform to inject, mix, and entrain caustic with the waste, in order to bring the waste hydroxyl ion concentration into compliance with Tank Farm operating specifications. Testing of the mixer pump and caustic addition system revealed that the mixer pump`s vibration cable picks up electromagnetic interference from the motor power cable during variable speed operation of the pump. Also, it was noted that the mixer pump`s water flush system may not be as effective as desired. Ergo this work plan for improving the operation of these mixer pump subsystems. A new vibration cable shall be routed entirely outside the mixer pump support column pipe, up thru a new penetration in the pump mounting flange. The existing penetration in the side of the pipe is to be plugged. Increasing the distance between power and instrument cables may reduce or eliminate electromagnetic interference to the vibration monitor. The mixer pump water flush system shall be modified to allow pressure isolation of individual branches. A header is to be installed on the middle section of the support column. Each branch (there are three) shall contain a solenoid valve (normally open) to control flow into the branch. The solenoid cables shall be routed up thru three new penetrations in the pump mounting flange to a new electrical box mounted on the flange. The existing flush piping to the inlet screen will remain but the continuation of the flush piping to the pump discharge nozzles is to be removed and the tee plugged. New stainless steel tubing is to be run down to the pump discharge nozzles. Pressure isolation of individual branches will maximize the flush system`s effectiveness at blasting potential sediment clogs out of the pump discharge nozzles.

Leshikar, G.A.

1995-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

329

The minimum distance of classical and quantum turbo-codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a theory of quantum stabilizer turbo-encoders with unbounded minimum distance. This theory is presented under a framework common to both classical and quantum turbo-encoding theory. The main conditions to have an unbounded minimum distance are that the inner seed encoder has to be recursive, and either systematic or with a totally recursive truncated decoder. This last condition has been introduced in order to obtain a theory viable in the quantum stabilizer case, since it was known that in this case the inner seed encoder could not be recursive and systematic in the same time.

Abbara, Mamdouh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

The minimum distance of classical and quantum turbo-codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a theory of quantum stabilizer turbo-encoders with unbounded minimum distance. This theory is presented under a framework common to both classical and quantum turbo-encoding theory. The main conditions to have an unbounded minimum distance are that the inner seed encoder has to be recursive, and either systematic or with a totally recursive truncated decoder. This last condition has been introduced in order to obtain a theory viable in the quantum stabilizer case, since it was known that in this case the inner seed encoder could not be recursive and systematic in the same time.

Mamdouh Abbara; Jean-Pierre Tillich

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

The Genome Organization of Thermotoga maritima Reflects Its Lifestyle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent studies have revealed that microbial genomes have many more organizational features than previously thought. Here, an integrated approach utilizing multiple ‘omics’ datasets and bioinformatics tools is established that elucidates genomic features spanning various levels of cellular organization. This methodology produces gene annotation improvements and includes the definition of transcription units. These enhancements to the annotation enable identification of a set of genetic elements instrumental to gene expression and regulation including promoters, ribosome binding sites (RBSs) and untranslated regions (UTRs). This was applied to characterize the genome organization of Thermotoga maritima—a phylogenetically deep-branching, hyperthermophilic bacterium with a small 1.86 Mb genome. Analysis derived from this multiomics approach in combination with bioinformatics tools demonstrate that the genome organization of T. maritima reflects its lifestyle, both with respect to its extreme growth temperature and compact genome. Comparative analysis of genome features suggests that thermodynamic limitations on binding kinetics for RNA polymerase and the ribosome necessitate increased sequence conservation of promoters and RBSs. Thus, restricting the sequences capable of initiating transcription and translation. Furthermore, this organism has uncharacteristically short 5’UTRs (11-17 nucleotides), which reduce the potential for 5’UTR regulatory interactions. The short intergenic distances in the T. maritima genome (5 bp on average) leave little space for regulation through transcription factor binding. The net effect of these constraints, temperature and genomic space, is a reduced ability to tune gene expression. This effect is readily apparent in global gene expression patterns, which show a high fraction of genes expressed independent of growth state with a tight, linear mRNA/protein correlation (Pearson r = 0.62, p < 2.2 x 10-16 t-test). This methodology for characterizing the genome organization is applicable to any culturable bacteria, and as similar studies are completed in diverse taxa, comparative analysis of genome features may provide insights into microbial evolution.

Latif, Haythem; Lerman, Joshua A.; Portnoy, Vasiliy A.; Tarasova, Yekaterina; Nagarajan, Harish; Rutledge, Alexandra C.; Smith, Richard D.; Adkins, Joshua N.; Lee, Dae-Hee; Qiu, Yu; Zengler, Karsten

2013-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

332

Photodetachment of H$^{-}$ near a partial reflecting surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Theoretical and interpretative study on the subject of photodetachment of H$^{-}$ near a partial reflecting surface is presented, and the absorption effect of the surface is investigated on the total and differential cross sections using a theoretical imaging method. To understand the absorption effect, a reflection parameter $K$ is introduced as a multiplicative factor to the outgoing detached-electron wave of H$^-$ propagating toward the wall. The reflection parameter measures, how much electron wave would reflect from the surface; K=0 corresponds to no reflection and K=1 corresponds to the total reflection.

A. Afaq

2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

333

Reflective echo tomographic imaging using acoustic beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An inspection system includes a plurality of acoustic beamformers, where each of the plurality of acoustic beamformers including a plurality of acoustic transmitter elements. The system also includes at least one controller configured for causing each of the plurality of acoustic beamformers to generate an acoustic beam directed to a point in a volume of interest during a first time. Based on a reflected wave intensity detected at a plurality of acoustic receiver elements, an image of the volume of interest can be generated.

Kisner, Roger; Santos-Villalobos, Hector J

2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

334

Reflective optical imaging systems with balanced distortion  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Optical systems compatible with extreme ultraviolet radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate are described. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical systems are particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput, and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical systems are characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

Hudyma, Russell M. (San Ramon, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Reflective optical imaging system with balanced distortion  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical system is particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical system is characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

Chapman, Henry N. (Sunol, CA); Hudyma, Russell M. (San Ramon, CA); Shafer, David R. (Fairfield, CT); Sweeney, Donald W. (San Ramon, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Development of the table of initial isolation distances and protective action distances for the 2004 emergency response guidebook.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides technical documentation for values in the Table of Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances (PADs) in the 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG2004). The objective for choosing the PADs specified in the ERG2004 is to balance the need to adequately protect the public from exposure to potentially harmful substances against the risks and expenses that could result from overreacting to a spill. To quantify this balance, a statistical approach is adopted, whereby the best available information is used to conduct an accident scenario analysis and develop a set of up to 1,000,000 hypothetical incidents. The set accounts for differences in containers types, incident types, accident severity (i.e., amounts released), locations, times of day, times of year, and meteorological conditions. Each scenario is analyzed using detailed emission rate and atmospheric dispersion models to calculate the downwind chemical concentrations from which a 'safe distance' is determined. The safe distance is defined as the distance downwind from the source at which the chemical concentration falls below health protection criteria. The American Industrial Hygiene Association's Emergency Response Planning Guideline Level 2 (ERPG-2) or equivalent is the health criteria used. The statistical sample of safe distance values for all incidents considered in the analysis are separated into four categories: small spill/daytime release, small spill/nighttime release, large spill/daytime release, and large spill/nighttime release. The 90th-percentile safe distance values for each of these groups became the PADs that appear in the ERG2004.

Brown, D. F.; Freeman, W. A.; Carhart, R. A.; Krumpolc, M.; Decision and Information Sciences; Univ. of Illinois at Chicago

2005-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

337

The long-period Galactic Cepheid RS Puppis - III. A geometric distance from HST polarimetric imaging of its light echoes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As one of the most luminous Cepheids in the Milky Way, the 41.5-day RS Puppis is an analog of the long-period Cepheids used to measure extragalactic distances. An accurate distance to this star would therefore help anchor the zero-point of the bright end of the period-luminosity relation. But, at a distance of about 2 kpc, RS Pup is too far away for measuring a direct trigonometric parallax with a precision of a few percent with existing instrumentation. RS Pup is unique in being surrounded by a reflection nebula, whose brightness varies as pulses of light from the Cepheid propagate outwards. We present new polarimetric imaging of the nebula obtained with HST/ACS. The derived map of the degree of linear polarization pL allows us to reconstruct the three-dimensional structure of the dust distribution. To retrieve the scattering angle from the pL value, we consider two different polarization models, one based on a Milky Way dust mixture and one assuming Rayleigh scattering. Considering the derived dust distribu...

Kervella, P; Cracraft, M; Szabados, L; Breitfelder, J; Mérand, A; Sparks, W B; Gallenne, A; Bersier, D; Fouqué, P; Anderson, R I

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Free Energy Surfaces from Single-Distance Information Philipp Schuetz,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free Energy Surfaces from Single-Distance Information Philipp Schuetz, Rene´ Wuttke, Benjamin We propose a network-based method for determining basins and barriers of complex free energy surfaces for the iterative determination of individual basins by the minimum-cut-based free energy profile, a barrier

Caflisch, Amedeo

339

Adaptive matrix distances aiming at optimum regression subspaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with distances of the associated target space. The formalism of multivariate subspace regression (MSR) is based space, such as linear discriminant analysis (LDA) for dis- crete class labels [3], generalized linear.strickert@uni-siegen.de Abstract. A new supervised adaptive metric approach is introduced for mapping an input vector space

Blanz, Volker

340

Secure Hamming Distance Based Computation and Its Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Secure Hamming Distance Based Computation and Its Applications Ayman Jarrous and Benny Pinkas University of Haifa Abstract. This paper examines secure two-party computation of func- tions which depend for computing these functions. In particular, we present protocols which are secure in the sense of full

Pinkas, Benny

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Technology Enhanced Learning and Distance Learning February 21, 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology Enhanced Learning and Distance Learning February 21, 2008 Call for Nominations: Provost's Prize for Teaching with Technology Eligibility: Candidates must be a tenure-track or non's Prize for Teaching with Technology will be awarded to up to two recipients. Each recipient will receive

Southern California, University of

342

Influence of center distance on high harmonic generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nonlinear ionization with accompanied photorecombination on closely located center has been considered. The radiation spectrum has been calculated in the frame of the Lewenstein-Corkum approach. The dependence of radiation on the distance between ionization point and the recombination center, and the frequency and laser field strength has been investigated.

Golovinski, P A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Exploiting the BandwidthDistance Relationship in Underwater Acoustic Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(UWASNs) may also be augmented with autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs); for example, this unmanned1 Exploiting the Bandwidth­Distance Relationship in Underwater Acoustic Networks Paolo Casari consumption, and transmission delay in a Underwater Wireless Acoustic Sensor Network (UWASN). We compare

Stojanovic, Milica

344

A Formal Approach to Distance-Bounding RFID Protocols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kasper2 Cristina Onete1 1 Darmstadt University of Technology & CASED, Germany www.minicrypt.de 2 Fraunhofer Institute for Secure Information Technology (SIT) and CASED, Germany Abstract. Distance one or two such threats, but no rigorous cryptographic security models --nor clean security proofs

345

75Radiation Dose and Distance This iconic photo was  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on March 15, a few days after the Japan 2011 earthquake, which caused severe damage to the Fukushima Press/Kyodo News) The devastating Japan 2011 earthquake damaged the nuclear reactors in Fukushima, which: Date Distance (km) Location Dose Rate (microSeiverts/hr) March 15 1 km Fukushima #2 plant 8,200 March

346

Modelling long-distance seed dispersal in heterogeneous landscapes.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

1. Long-distance seed dispersal is difficult to measure, yet key to understanding plant population dynamics and community composition. 2. We used a spatially explicit model to predict the distribution of seeds dispersed long distances by birds into habitat patches of different shapes. All patches were the same type of habitat and size, but varied in shape. They occurred in eight experimental landscapes, each with five patches of four different shapes, 150 m apart in a matrix of mature forest. The model was parameterized with smallscale movement data collected from field observations of birds. In a previous study we validated the model by testing its predictions against observed patterns of seed dispersal in real landscapes with the same types and spatial configuration of patches as in the model. 3. Here we apply the model more broadly, examining how patch shape influences the probability of seed deposition by birds into patches, how dispersal kernels (distributions of dispersal distances) vary with patch shape and starting location, and how movement of seeds between patches is affected by patch shape. 4. The model predicts that patches with corridors or other narrow extensions receive higher numbers of seeds than patches without corridors or extensions. This pattern is explained by edgefollowing behaviour of birds. Dispersal distances are generally shorter in heterogeneous landscapes (containing patchy habitat) than in homogeneous landscapes, suggesting that patches divert the movement of seed dispersers, ‘holding’ them long enough to increase the probability of seed defecation in the patches. Dispersal kernels for seeds in homogeneous landscapes were smooth, whereas those in heterogenous landscapes were irregular. In both cases, long-distance (> 150 m) dispersal was surprisingly common, usually comprising approximately 50% of all dispersal events. 5. Synthesis . Landscape heterogeneity has a large influence on patterns of long-distance seed dispersal. Our results suggest that long-distance dispersal events can be predicted using spatially explicit modelling to scale-up local movements, placing them in a landscape context. Similar techniques are commonly used by landscape ecologists to model other types of movement; they offer much promise to the study of seed dispersal.

Levey, Douglas, J.; Tewlsbury, Joshua, J.; Bolker, Benjamin, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Lamp method and apparatus using multiple reflections  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrodeless microwave discharge lamp includes an envelope with a discharge forming fill disposed therein which emits light, the fill being capable of absorbing light at one wavelength and re-emitting the absorbed light at a different wavelength, the light emitted from the fill having a first spectral power distribution in the absence of reflection of light back into the fill, a source of microwave energy coupled to the fill to excite the fill and cause the fill to emit light, and a reflector disposed within the microwave cavity and configured to reflect at least some of the light emitted by the fill back into the fill while allowing some light to exit, the exiting light having a second spectral power distribution with proportionately more light in the visible region as compared to the first spectral power distribution, wherein the light re-emitted by the fill is shifted in wavelength with respect to the absorbed light and the magnitude of the shift is in relation to an effective optical path length.

MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

A replaceable reflective film for solar concentrators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 3M Company manufactures a silvered acrylic film called ECP-305 that is regarded as the preferred reflective film for use on stretched-membrane heliostats. However, ECP-305 will degrade in time, due to both corrosion of the silver layer and delamination at the film's silver-to-acrylic interface, and will eventually need to be replaced. 3M uses a very aggressive adhesive on this film, and once it is laminated, replacement is very difficult. The purpose of this investigation was the development of a replaceable reflector, a reflective film that can be easily removed and replaced. A replaceable reflector was successfully configured by laminating ECP-305 to the top surface of a smooth, dimensionally stable polymer film, with a removable adhesive applied to the underside of the polymer film. Several stages of screening and testing led to the selection of a 0.010-inch thick polycarbonate (GE 8030) as the best polymer film and a medium tack tape (3M Y-9425) was selected as the best removable adhesive. To demonstrate the feasibility of the replaceable reflector concept and to provide a real-time field test, the chosen construction was successfully applied to the 50-m{sup 2} SKI heliostat at the Central Receiver Test Facility at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque. 4 refs., 13 figs., 7 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Intelligent Network-Layer Management for Wireless Mesh Networks: Dynamic Tuning of a Reactive Routing Protocol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Intelligent Network-Layer Management for Wireless Mesh Networks: Dynamic Tuning of a Reactive Routing Protocol Dan Marconett, Minsoo Lee, Xiaohui Ye and S. J. Ben Yoo Dept. of Electrical and Computer learning to dynamically modify reactive routing protocol parameters in real-time, to better facilitate

Kolner, Brian H.

350

Is there a route to a UK Feed in Tariff for renewable energy?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Is there a route to a UK Feed in Tariff for renewable energy? ICEPT Discussion Paper October 2010 University #12;2 Is there a route to a UK Feed in Tariff for renewable energy? Introduction This discussion paper is concerned with the potential to change the way the UK provides support for renewable energy

351

Delivery Cost Approximations for Inventory Routing Problems in a Rolling Horizon Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Delivery Cost Approximations for Inventory Routing Problems in a Rolling Horizon Framework Patrick Research Program, grant ARP-003 1 #12;Abstract The inventory routing problem considered in this paper is concerned with the repeated distribution of a commodity, such as heating oil, over a long period of time

Jaillet, Patrick

352

Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Routings in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Routings in Wireless Sensor Networks Juan Alonso1 , Adam. Energy is one of the most important resources in wireless sensor networks. We use an idealized mathematical model to study the impact of routing on energy consumption. We find explicit bounds on the minimal

Voigt, Thiemo

353

Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Routings in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Routings in Wireless Sensor Networks Juan Alonso1 , Adam Technical Report T2003:22 ISSN 1100-3154 ISRN:SICS-T­2003/22-SE Abstract. Energy is one of the most of routing on energy consumption. Our results are very general and, within the assumptions listed in Section

354

Optical Signal Processing in All-Optical Packet Routing Systems S. J. Ben Yoo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical Signal Processing in All-Optical Packet Routing Systems S. J. Ben Yoo Department@ece.ucdavis.edu, Abstract: This paper discusses important signal processing functions in all-optical packet routing systems. We will pay special attention to all-optical time-to-live, optical performance monitoring, optical

Kolner, Brian H.

355

Comparison of two wireless ad hoc routing protocols on a hardware test-bed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These protocols are tested predominately using software simulation. Very few implementations have demonstratedComparison of two wireless ad hoc routing protocols on a hardware test-bed Shweta Bhandare (DSR) protocol and our Energy Aware Dynamic Source Routing protocol (EADSR). The implementation

Brown, Timothy X.

356

Redundancy-Aware Routing with Limited Resources University of Massachusetts, Amherst  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

University of Massachusetts, Amherst lgao@ecs.umass.edu Abstract--Network load is reduced upon eliminationRedundancy-Aware Routing with Limited Resources Yang Song University of Massachusetts, Amherst (identified using a redundancy profile) onto common links. Constructing redundancy-aware routes is challenging

Gao, Lixin

357

Author's personal copy The time dependent vehicle routing problem with time windows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: (a) formulate a time dependent vehicle routing problem with a general cost function and time windowAuthor's personal copy The time dependent vehicle routing problem with time windows: Benchmark College of Engineering and Computer Science, PO Box 0751, Portland State University, Portland, OR 97207

Bertini, Robert L.

358

Modeling and Solving Location Routing and Scheduling Problems R.T. Berger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

potentially overestimate the number of vehicles required and the associated distribution cost. In many cases, construct a set of delivery routes, and assign routes to vehicles in such a way as to minimize total cost-objective LRSP in which they seek to balance total cost, total vehicle time, and total vehicle load. They test

Ralphs, Ted

359

Hector is an Energy effiCient Tree-based Optimized Routing protocol for wireless networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hector is an Energy effiCient Tree-based Optimized Routing protocol for wireless networks Nathalie geographic locations. We propose HECTOR, a hybrid energy efficient tree-based optimized routing protocol, based on two sets of virtual coordinates. One set is based on rooted tree coordinates, and the other

Stojmenovic, Ivan

360

Accounting for Backwater Effects in Flow Routing by the Discrete Linear Cascade Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Szilagyi1 and Pal Laurinyecz2 Abstract: Flow-routing at a tributary (Koros River) of the Tisza River equation (Lighthill and Witham 1955) written in a state- space form; see Szilagyi and Szollosi-Nagy (2010 wave equation (Szilagyi and Szollosi-Nagy 2010, p. 59) in its flow-routing either in a pulsed [i

Szilagyi, Jozsef

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Linear diffusion-wave channel routing using a discrete Hayami convolution method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

method that neglects the acceleration terms, and the kinematic-wave method that neglects bothLinear diffusion-wave channel routing using a discrete Hayami convolution method Li Wang a, , Joan-in-Chief, with the assistance of Baxter E. Vieux, Associate Editor Keywords: Linear diffusion-wave channel routing Discrete

362

An Energy-Efficient Algorithm For Conflict-Free AGV Routing On A Linear Path Layout  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 An Energy-Efficient Algorithm For Conflict-Free AGV Routing On A Linear Path Layout ZENG Jian time and the AGV utilization in dispatching and routing. However, as energy shortage and pollution to environment become major concerns and the competition become more intense, the issue of minimizing the energy

Zeng, Jianyang "Michael"

363

Purchasing & Contracting 742-3844 TTU CONTRACT ROUTING SHEET Contract # FOAP Contract amount $  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Purchasing & Contracting 742-3844 TTU CONTRACT ROUTING SHEET Contract # FOAP Contract amount. Routing Sheet must be signed by department. Contract (brief description of scope) Board approval required? Yes No Meeting date Board Item # Note, BOR approval is required if contract is greater than $500

Westfall, Peter H.

364

NextSTEPS White Paper: Four-Page Summary Three Routes Forward for Biofuels1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NextSTEPS White Paper: Four-Page Summary Three Routes Forward for Biofuels1: Incremental forward for biofuels and their associated technologies. We seek to: · Highlight policy incentives that encourage certain types of biofuel innovation. · Spotlight the distinctions between the routes in terms

California at Davis, University of

365

ASSESSING GHG EMISSIONS FROM SLUDGE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL ROUTES THE METHOD BEHIND GESTABOUES TOOL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.pradel@irstea.fr EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In 2007, 1 100 000 tons of sewage sludge were produced in France. This figure is constantly increasing and sludges have to be eliminated. Four disposal routes are currently possible: landASSESSING GHG EMISSIONS FROM SLUDGE TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL ROUTES ­ THE METHOD BEHIND GESTABOUES

Boyer, Edmond

366

IPR: An Integrated Placement and Routing Algorithm Min Pan Chris Chu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IPR: An Integrated Placement and Routing Algorithm Min Pan Chris Chu Cadence Design Systems, Inc issue. We call the proposed algorithm for routing congestion minimization IPR (Integrated Placement to integrate them efficiently and effectively. Experimental results show that IPR reduces overflow by 36

Chu, Chris C.-N.

367

Routing and Traversal via Location Awareness in Ad-Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Routing and Traversal via Location Awareness in Ad-Hoc Networks Evangelos Kranakis Ladislav Stacho of an ad-hoc network in order to provide for ef- ficient information dissemination. We explore several new and route discovery in ad-hoc networks. 1 Challenges in Ad-Hoc Networking The current rapid growth

Kranakis, Evangelos

368

Joint Routing and Server Selection for Multiple Description Video Streaming in Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joint Routing and Server Selection for Multiple Description Video Streaming in Ad Hoc Networks ad hoc networks. In this paper, we study the important problem of joint routing and server selection for MD video in ad hoc networks. We take a cross-layer approach to formulate the task as a combinatorial

Hou, Y. Thomas

369

Evaluation of a Routing Architecture for Wireless Messaging Ad-Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluation of a Routing Architecture for Wireless Messaging Ad-Hoc Networks Megha Goel1 and M´ark F self-organizing ad-hoc networks can be used to provide the short messaging service, at a much lower of ad- hoc network routing in which mobile nodes are allowed to relay in place of static nodes. We

Bencsáth, Boldizsár

370

Intelligent Approaches for Routing Protocols In Cognitive Ad-Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intelligent Approaches for Routing Protocols In Cognitive Ad-Hoc Networks Suyang Ju Submitted to the graduate degree program in Electrical Engineering & Computer Science and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas School...: Intelligent Approaches for Routing Protocols In Cognitive Ad-Hoc Networks Dissertation Committee: _____________________________________ Dr. Joseph B. Evans, Advisor Professor, EECS _____________________________________ Dr. Victor Frost...

Ju, Suyang

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

371

A Multiobjective Performance Evaluation Framework for Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Multiobjective Performance Evaluation Framework for Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Katia.runser, jean-marie.gorce@insa-lyon.fr Abstract--Wireless ad hoc networks are seldom characterized by one single. Instead, we address this problem by proposing a new modeling framework for routing in ad hoc networks

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

372

Non-Blocking, Localized Routing Algorithm for Balanced Energy Consumption in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Non-Blocking, Localized Routing Algorithm for Balanced Energy Consumption in Mobile Ad Hoc relevant nodes but also to balance individual battery levels. Unbalanced energy usage will result achieves a trade-off between balanced energy consumption and shortest routing delay, and at the same time

Lee, Ben

373

ForPeerReview From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From vegetable oils to polyurethanes: synthetic routes to polyols and main industrial products Myriam and main industrial products Most of biobased polyols for polyurethanes are synthesized from vegetable oils literature; focus on the industrial synthetic routes. Keywords: vegetable oils; biobased polyols

Boyer, Edmond

374

An Approach to Minimal Power Routing and Scheduling in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's fixed power level that is used, leading to data loss. The problem that we address is primarily a routingAn Approach to Minimal Power Routing and Scheduling in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Sugata Hazarika # Jim Kurose # Dennis Goeckel + # Department of Computer Science + Department. of Electrical Engineering

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

375

An Approach to Minimal Power Routing and Scheduling in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's fixed power level that is used, leading to data loss. The problem that we address is primarily a routingAn Approach to Minimal Power Routing and Scheduling in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Sugata Hazarika Jim Kurose Dennis Goeckel Department of Computer Science Department. of Electrical Engineering University

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

376

Implications of technological changes in vehicle routing interfaces for planners' constraint processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

greatly decreases decision times and enhances performances. Keywords: vehicle routing, automation-20Jun2012 #12;3 vehicles) is now fully automated, leaving planners to concentrate on the functional1 Implications of technological changes in vehicle routing interfaces for planners' constraint

Boyer, Edmond

377

A Framework for Low-Power IPv6 Routing Simulation, Experimentation, and Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- mated electric meter reading and the smart grid. Companies in the network industry such as CiscoA Framework for Low-Power IPv6 Routing Simulation, Experimentation, and Evaluation Nicolas Tsiftes a framework for simulation, experimentation, and evaluation of routing mechanisms for low-power IPv6

Dunkels, Adam

378

An Integral Flow-Based Energy-Efficient Routing Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Integral Flow-Based Energy-Efficient Routing Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks Shashidhar. As sensor nodes are energy-constrained, energy-efficient routing is essential for increasing the lifetime. In this paper, we consider static base stations and propose an algorithmic approach to obtain integral energy-efficient

Prakash, Ravi

379

An EnergyEfficient Algorithm For ConflictFree AGV Routing On A Linear Path Layout  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption will unavoidably become an important consideration for the AGV systems. The primary objective the energy, aiming to minimize energy consumption of the vehicles during routing. As the energy resource, to account for the energy consumption, we formulate a basic energy model for AGV routing, and the energy

Zeng, Jianyang "Michael"

380

Power Driven Routing Using a Genetic Algorithm B. M. Goni, T. Arslan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-the-cell and channel optimisation in a single channel routing domain will provide an effective framework for area/energy, energy losses in the interconnections of such circuits have become significant [1]. In the light of this. The results of this detailed routing has a strong influence on the fabrication yield and production costs

Arslan, Tughrul

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch1 , Malik Magdon-Ismail1 , Marios Mavronicolas of Cyprus, Nicosia CY-1678, Cyprus 3 ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland Abstract. In hot-potato on arbitrary tree topologies with n nodes. We present two hot-potato routing algorithms, one deterministic

Mavronicolas, Marios

382

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near-Optimal Hot-Potato Routing on Trees Costas Busch1 , Malik Magdon-Ismail1 , Marios Mavronicolas of Cyprus, Nicosia CY-1678, Cyprus 3 ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland Abstract. In hot-potato on arbitrary tree topologies. We present two hot-potato routing algorithms, one deterministic and one

Magdon-Ismail, Malik

383

Optimal Traffic-Oblivious Energy-Aware Routing For Multihop Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

constraints. If the power supply is renewable, it is desirable that the energy consumption rate is less than the renewal rate. Lin et al. [15] study power-aware routing with renewable energy sources. Some previous workOptimal Traffic-Oblivious Energy-Aware Routing For Multihop Wireless Networks Yuxi Li Janelle Harms

Holte, Robert

384

Culvert Design for Flood Routing considering Sediment Transport W.J. Rahmeyer PhD.1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Culvert Design for Flood Routing considering Sediment Transport W.J. Rahmeyer PhD.1 and W routing methodologies do not consider sediment bed-load transport through the culverts or pipelines of road crossings. Many practitioners either ignore the transport of sediment through a culvert or assume

Rahmeyer, William J.

385

DARD: Distributed Adaptive Routing for Datacenter Networks Dept. of Computer Science, Duke University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DARD: Distributed Adaptive Routing for Datacenter Networks Xin Wu Dept. of Computer Science, Duke xwy@cs.duke.edu Abstract--Datacenter networks typically have many paths connecting each host pair, a Distributed Adaptive Routing architecture for Datacenter networks. DARD allows each end host to move traffic

Yang, Xiaowei

386

Asymptotically Optimal Power-Aware Routing for Multihop Wireless Networks with Renewable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Asymptotically Optimal Power-Aware Routing for Multihop Wireless Networks with Renewable Energy the performance of multihop radio networks in the presence of energy constraints, and design routing algorithms to optimally utilize the available energy. The energy model allows vastly different energy sources

Srikant, Rayadurgam

387

Max-min Fair Rate Allocation and Routing in Energy Harvesting Networks: Algorithmic Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Max-min Fair Rate Allocation and Routing in Energy Harvesting Networks: Algorithmic Analysis Jelena@ee}.columbia.edu ABSTRACT This paper considers max-min fair rate allocation and rout- ing in energy harvesting networks energy profile and focus on the design of efficient and opti- mal algorithms that can serve as benchmarks

Hone, James

388

A Case for Bufferless Routing in On-Chip Networks Thomas Moscibroda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

significant energy, occupy chip area, and increase design complexity. In this paper, we make a case for a new or flow control. We describe new algorithms for routing without using buffers in router input/output ports that rout- ing without buffers significantly reduces the energy consumption of the on-chip cache

389

ENERGY-EFFICIENT GEOGRAPHIC ROUTING IN ENVIRONMENTALLY POWERED WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY-EFFICIENT GEOGRAPHIC ROUTING IN ENVIRONMENTALLY POWERED WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS Kai Zengt- efficient routing protocols are requisite for the WSN appli- cations. In this paper, we study energy-efficient efficient than the corresponding residual energy based protocols without considering the property

Hou, Y. Thomas

390

Alternative mixed-integer linear programming models of a maritime inventory routing problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

product maritime inventory routing problem is addressed in this paper by exploring the use of continuous formulation based on a discrete time representation for vacuum gas oil routing and inventory management. Song Yongheng1,2 and Ignacio E. Grossmann3 1 Institute of Process Control Eng., Department of Automation

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

391

Computational Study for the Workforce Scheduling and Routing J. Arturo Castillo-Salazar1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computational Study for the Workforce Scheduling and Routing Problem J. Arturo Castillo-Salazar1 , Dario Landa-Silva1 and Rong Qu1 1Automated Scheduling, Optimisation and Planning (ASAP) Research Group.landasilva, rong.qu}@nottingham.ac.uk Keywords: Employee Scheduling, Workforce Optimization, Personnel Routing

Qu, Rong

392

Computational 3D and reflectivity imaging with high photon efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Imaging the 3D structure and reflectivity of a scene can be done using photon-counting detectors. Traditional imagers of this type typically require hundreds of detected photons per pixel for accurate 3D and reflectivity ...

Shin, Dongeek

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Mapping bedrock beneath glacial till using CDP seismic reflection methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is a case history demonstrating the applicability of the common depth point (CDP) seismic reflection method to image bedrock beneath glacial till in northwestern Iowa. Reflections from the base of the 40-m thick glacial till are clearly...

Keiswetter, Dean; Black, Ross A.; Steeples, Don W.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

inside/out : mirrors for reflective, creative thinking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this document I present three tools for reflective, creative thinking: Pillow-Talk, the NeverEnding Drawing Machine and Calliope. These tools make use of the "distorted mirror" metaphor for self-reflection. They are ...

Portocarrero, Edwina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

An electrochemical route for making porous nickel oxide electrochemical capacitors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Porous nickel oxide films were prepared by electrochemically precipitating nickel hydroxide and heating the hydroxide in air at 300 C. The resulting nickel oxide films behave as an electrochemical capacitor with a specific capacitance of 59 F/g electrode material. These nickel oxide films maintain high utilization at high rates of discharge (i.e., high power density) and have excellent cycle life. Porous cobalt oxide films were also synthesized. Although the specific capacitances of these films are approximately one-fifth that of the nickel oxide films, the results demonstrate the versatility of fabricating a wide range of porous metal oxide films using this electrochemical route for use in capacitor applications. Electrochemical capacitors have generated wide interest in recent years for use in high power applications (e.g., in a hybrid electric vehicle, where they are expected to work in conjunction with a conventional battery).

Srinivasan, V.; Weidner, J.W. [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Tuple spaces in hardware for accelerated implicit routing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Organizing and optimizing data objects on networks with support for data migration and failing nodes is a complicated problem to handle as systems grow. The goal of this work is to demonstrate that high levels of speedup can be achieved by moving responsibility for finding, fetching, and staging data into an FPGA-based network card. We present a system for implicit routing of data via FPGA-based network cards. In this system, data structures are requested by name, and the network of FPGAs finds the data within the network and relays the structure to the requester. This is acheived through successive examination of hardware hash tables implemented in the FPGA. By avoiding software stacks between nodes, the data is quickly fetched entirely through FPGA-FPGA interaction. The performance of this system is orders of magnitude faster than software implementations due to the improved speed of the hash tables and lowered latency between the network nodes.

Baker, Zachary Kent [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tripp, Justin [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

SX-02484-100, Rev. 2 Reflectance and Transmittance Measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

................................................. 10 Operating Procedures Measurements ................. 20 Maintenance through a sample medium. Labsphere offers two standard products for reflectance and transmittance

Woodall, Jerry M.

398

Novel synthesis of high phase-purity Mg2SnO4 from metallic precursors via powder metallurgy route  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Novel synthesis of high phase-purity Mg2SnO4 from metallic precursors via powder metallurgy route of composition Mg2Sn was prepared by the conventional powder metallurgy route. This up on heating in air under

Azad, Abdul-Majeed

399

that minimizes vehicle emissions during design of routes in congested environments with time-dependent travel speeds, hard time windows,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that minimizes vehicle emissions during design of routes in congested environments with time-dependent travel speeds, hard time windows, andcapacityconstraints.ThiscreatesanewtypeofVRP,theemissions vehicle routing problem (EVRP). BACKGROUND AND LITERATURE REVIEW There is extensive literature related to vehicle

Bertini, Robert L.

400

Distance Restraints from Crosslinking Mass Spectrometry: Mining a Molecular Dynamics Simulation Database to Evaluate Lysine-Lysine Distances  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Integrative structural biology models the structures of protein complexes that are intractable by classical structural methods (because of extreme size, dynamics, or heterogeneity) by combining computational structural modeling with data from experimental methods. One such method is chemical cross-linking mass spectrometry (XL-MS), in which cross-linked peptides, derived from a covalently cross-linked protein complex and identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, pinpoint protein residues close in three-dimensional space. The commonly used lysine-reactive N-hydroxysuccinimide ester reagents disuccinimidylsuberate (DSS) and bis(sulfosuccinimidyl)suberate (BS3) have a linker arm that is 11.4 Ĺ long when fully extended. However, XL-MS studies on proteins of known structure frequently report cross-links that exceed this distance. Typically, a tolerance of ~3 Ĺ is added to the theoretical maximum to account for this observation, with little justification for the value chosen. We used the Dynameomics database, a repository of high-quality molecular dynamics simulations of 807 proteins representative of all protein folds, to investigate the change in lysine-lysine distances resulting from native-state dynamics on the time-scale of tens of nanoseconds. We conclude that observed cross-links are consistent with a protein structure if the distance between cross-linked lysine N? atoms is less than the cross-linker length plus 11.3 Ĺ. For DSS or BS3, this corresponds to a C? to C? distance of 30.4 Ĺ. This analysis provides a theoretical basis for the widespread practice of adding a tolerance to the crosslinker length when comparing XL-MS results to structures, and indicates the appropriate values of an XLMS derived distance constraint to use in structural modeling.

Merkley, Eric D.; Rysavy, Steven; Kahraman, Abdullah; Hafen, Ryan P.; Daggett, Valerie; Adkins, Joshua N.

2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Maximum Margin Distance Learning for Dynamic Texture Recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that is cubic in the number of training sam- ples, we show that our method, called DL-PEGASOS, can handle more (DT) sequence captures a stochastic spatiotemporal phe- nomenon. The randomness reflects stochastic model. For K. Daniilidis, P. Maragos, N. Paragios (Eds.): ECCV 2010, Part II, LNCS 6312, pp. 223

Ahuja, Narendra

402

Dissimilarity representations for thermal signature recognition at a distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the heat energy emitted by a body instead the light reflected. ii) LWIR sensors have an invariant behavior Technologies Application Center. 7a # 21812 e/ 218 y 222, Rpto. Siboney, Playa, C.P. 12200, La Habana, Cuba Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Sciences, Delft University of Technology

Duin, Robert P.W.

403

UAV-Aided Cross-Layer Routing for MANETs Yuan Guo Xiaolong Li Homayoun Yousefi'zadeh Hamid Jafarkhani  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UAV-Aided Cross-Layer Routing for MANETs Yuan Guo Xiaolong Li Homayoun Yousefi'zadeh Hamid,xiaolonl,hyousefi,hamidj]@uci.edu Abstract--In this paper, we present UAV-aided Cross-Layer Routing Protocol (UCLR) that aims at improving the routing performance of a ground MANET network with aid from an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). The UAV

Yousefi'zadeh, Homayoun

404

Time-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing in Duty-Cycle Wireless Sensor Networks with Unreliable Links  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

different paths. Their utility values are calculated in Section III-A and are listed in Fig. 5. waitTime-Sensitive Utility-Based Routing in Duty-Cycle Wireless Sensor Networks with Unreliable Links}@ustc.edu.cn Abstract--Utility-based routing is a special routing approach, which takes the reliability and transmission

Wu, Jie

405

Impact of Hot-Potato Routing Changes in IP Networks Renata Teixeira Aman Shaikh Tim Griffin Jennifer Rexford  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impact of Hot-Potato Routing Changes in IP Networks Renata Teixeira Aman Shaikh Tim Griffin, a router selects the one with the closest egress point, based on the intradomain path cost. Under such hot-potato routing, an intradomain event can trigger BGP routing changes. To characterize the influence of hot-potato

Singh, Jaswinder Pal

406

Long-distance distribution of genuine energy-time entanglement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Any practical realization of entanglement-based quantum communication must be intrinsically secure and able to span long distances avoiding the need of a straight line between the communicating parties. The violation of Bell's inequality offers a method for the certification of quantum links without knowing the inner workings of the devices. Energy-time entanglement quantum communication satisfies all these requirements. However, currently there is a fundamental obstacle with the standard configuration adopted: an intrinsic geometrical loophole that can be exploited to break the security of the communication, in addition to other loopholes. Here we show the first experimental Bell violation with energy-time entanglement distributed over 1 km of optical fibers that is free of this geometrical loophole. This is achieved by adopting a new experimental design, and by using an actively stabilized fiber-based long interferometer. Our results represent an important step towards long-distance secure quantum communication in optical fibers.

A. Cuevas; G. Carvacho; G. Saavedra; J. Carińe; W. A. T. Nogueira; M. Figueroa; A. Cabello; P. Mataloni; G. Lima; G. B. Xavier

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

407

Application of Mutual Information Methods in Time-Distance Helioseismology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply a new technique, the mutual information (MI) from information theory, to time-distance helioseismology, and demonstrate that it can successfully reproduce several classic results based on the widely used cross-covariance method. MI quantifies the deviation of two random variables from complete independence, and represents a more general method for detecting dependencies in time series than the cross-covariance function, which only detects linear relationships. We provide a brief description of the MI-based technique and discuss the results of the application of MI to derive the solar differential profile, a travel-time deviation map for a sunspot and a time-distance diagram from quiet Sun measurements.

Keys, Dustin; Pevtsov, Alexei

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

The Communication Complexity of the Hamming Distance Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the randomized and quantum communication complexity of the Hamming Distance problem, which is to determine if the Hamming distance between two n-bit strings is no less than a threshold d. We prove a quantum lower bound of \\Omega(d) qubits in the general interactive model with shared prior entanglement. We also construct a classical protocol of O(d \\log d) bits in the restricted Simultaneous Message Passing model, improving previous protocols of O(d^2) bits (A. C.-C. Yao, Proceedings of the Thirty-Fifth Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing, pp. 77-81, 2003), and O(d\\log n) bits (D. Gavinsky, J. Kempe, and R. de Wolf, quant-ph/0411051, 2004).

Wei Huang; Yaoyun Shi; Shengyu Zhang; Yufan Zhu

2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

409

Distance-redshift relations in an anisotropic cosmological model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we study an anisotropic model generated from a particular Bianchi type-III metric, which is a generalization of Gödel's metric and an exact solution of Einstein's field equations. We analyse type Ia supernova data, namely the SDSS sample calibrated with the MLCS2k2 fitter, and we verify in which ranges of distances and redshifts the anisotropy could be observed. We also consider, in a joint analysis, the position of the first peak in the CMB anisotropy spectrum, as well as current observational constraints on the Hubble constant. We conclude that a small anisotropy is permitted by the data, and that more accurate measurements of supernova distances above z = 2 might indicate the existence of such anisotropy in the universe.

Menezes, R. S. Jr. [Instituto Federal da Bahia, Salvador, BA (Brazil); Pigozzo, C.; Carneiro, S., E-mail: rsmjr@ifba.edu.br, E-mail: cpigozzo@ufba.br, E-mail: saulo.carneiro.ufba@gmail.com [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Bahia (Brazil)

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Electrical probe diagnostics for the laminar flame quenching distance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A simplified theory, previously developed for the general case of weakly ionized gas flow, is used to predict electrical probe response when the flame is quenched on the probe surface. This theory is based on the planar model of space charge sheaths around the measuring electrode. For the flame quenching case, by assuming that the sheath thickness is comparable with the thermal boundary layer thickness, probe current can be related to flame quenching distance. The theoretical assumptions made to obtain the analytical formulation of probe current were experimentally proved by using direct visualization and high-frequency PIV. The direct visualization method was also used to validate the results of flame quenching distance values obtained with electrical probe. The electrical probe diagnostics have been verified for both head-on and sidewall flame quenching regimes and for stoichiometric methane/air and propane/air mixtures in a pressure range of 0.05-0.6 MPa. (author)

Karrer, Maxime; Makarov, Maxime [Renault Technocentre, 78288 Guyancourt Cedex (France); Bellenoue, Marc; Labuda, Sergei; Sotton, Julien [Laboratoire de Combustion et de Detonique, CNRS, 86961 Futuroscope Chasseneuil (France)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

Curvature dark energy reconstruction through different cosmographic distance definitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the context of $f(\\mathcal{R})$ gravity, dark energy is a geometrical fluid with negative equation of state. Since the function $f(\\mathcal{R})$ is not known \\emph{a priori}, the need of a model independent reconstruction of its shape represents a relevant technique to determine which $f(\\mathcal{R})$ model is really favored with respect to others. To this aim, we relate cosmography to a generic $f(\\mathcal R)$ and its derivatives in order to provide a model independent investigation at redshift $z \\sim 0$. Our analysis is based on the use of three different cosmological distance definitions, in order to alleviate the duality problem, i.e. the problem of which cosmological distance to use with specific cosmic data sets. We therefore consider the luminosity, $d_L$, flux, $d_F$, and angular, $d_A$, distances and we find numerical constraints by the Union 2.1 supernovae compilation and measurement of baryonic acoustic oscillations, at $z_{BAO}=0.35$. We notice that all distances reduce to the same expression, i.e. $d_{L;F;A}\\sim\\frac{1}{\\mathcal H_0}z$, at first order. Thus, to fix the cosmographic series of observables, we impose the initial value of $H_0$ by fitting $\\mathcal H_0$ through supernovae only, in the redshift regime $ztheoretical bounds, while its variation, namely the jerk parameter, is compatible with $j_0>1$. Finally, we infer the functional form of $f(\\mathcal{R})$ by means of a truncated polynomial approximation, in terms of fourth order scale factor $a(t)$.

Salvatore Capozziello; Mariafelicia De Laurentis; Orlando Luongo

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

412

Evaluating a Master's Degree Program via Distance Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluating a Master?s Degree Program via Distance Education Dr. Rafael Lara-Alecio Janie Kemp Polly Trevi?o Fuhui Tong Raymond Castillo TTVN Conference Galveston, TX January 18, 2006 Texas A&M University Bilingual Education Program Dept.... of Educational Psychology College of Education and Human Development Texas A&M University Bilingual Education Programs ? Bilingual Certification Online Program ? PK-4 ? Texas Oral Proficiency Test (Spanish) included ? ESL Certification Intermediate...

Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Kemp, Janie; Trevińo, Polly; Tong, Fuhui; Castillo, Raymond

2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

413

Time, Distance, Velocity, Redshift: a personal guided tour  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An attempt to answer the question 'Can we observe galaxies that recede faster than light ?' led to a re-examination of the notions of time, distance, velocity and redshift as they occur in newtonian physics, special relativity, general relativity and cosmology. A number of misconceptions were uncovered. It was found that, once freed of special relativity preconceptions, the above question is easily and unequivocally answered

T. Kiang

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

AN IMPROVED METHOD TO TEST THE DISTANCE-DUALITY RELATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many researchers have performed cosmological-model-independent tests for the distance-duality (DD) relation. Theoretical work has been conducted based on the results of these tests. However, we find that almost all of these tests were perhaps not cosmological-model-independent after all, because the distance moduli taken from a given type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) compilation are dependent on a given cosmological model and Hubble constant. In this Letter, we overcome these defects and by creating a new cosmological-model-independent test for the DD relation. We use the original data from the Union2 SNe Ia compilation and the angular diameter distances from two galaxy cluster samples compiled by De Filippis et al. and Bonamente et al. to test the DD relation. Our results suggest that the DD relation is compatible with observations, and the spherical model is slightly better than the elliptical model at describing the intrinsic shape of galaxy clusters if the DD relation is valid. However, these results are different from those of previous work.

Yang, Xi; Yu, Hao-Ran; Zhang, Tong-Jie [Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)] [Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Zhang, Zhi-Song, E-mail: tjzhang@bnu.edu.cn [Department of Aerospace Engineering, School of Astronautics, Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), Harbin Heilongjiang 150001 (China)] [Department of Aerospace Engineering, School of Astronautics, Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT), Harbin Heilongjiang 150001 (China)

2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

415

On the luminosity distance and the epoch of acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Standard cosmological models based on general relativity (GR) with dark energy predict that the Universe underwent a transition from decelerating to accelerating expansion at a moderate redshift $z_{acc} \\sim 0.7$. Clearly, it is of great interest to directly measure this transition in a model-independent way, without the assumption that GR is the correct theory of gravity. We explore to what extent supernova (SN) luminosity distance measurements provide evidence for such a transition: we show that, contrary to intuition, the well-known "turnover" in the SN distance residuals $\\Delta\\mu$ relative to an empty (Milne) model does not give firm evidence for such a transition within the redshift range spanned by SN data. The observed turnover in that diagram is predominantly due to the negative curvature in the Milne model, {\\em not} the deceleration predicted by $\\Lambda$CDM and relatives. We show that there are several advantages in plotting distance residuals against a flat, non-accelerating model $(w = -1/3)$,...

Sutherland, Will

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Long-distance photoinitiated electron transfer through polyene molecular wires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-chain polyenes can be used as molecular wires to facilitate electron transfer between a photo-excited donor and an acceptor in an artificial photosynthetic system. The authors present data here on two Zn-porphyrin-polyene-anthraquinone molecules possessing either 5 or 9 all trans double bonds between the donor and acceptor, 1 and 2. The center-to-center distances between the porphyrin and the quinone in these relatively rigid molecules are 25 A for 1 and 35 A for 2. Selective picosecond laser excitation of the Zn-porphyrin in 1 and 2 results in the very rapid transfer of an electron to the anthraquinone in < 2 ps and 10 ps, respectively. The resultant radical ion pairs recombine with tau = 10 ps for 1 and tau = 25 ps for 2. The electron transfer rates remain remarkably rapid over these long distances. The involvement of polyene radical cations in the mechanism of the radical ion pair recombination reaction is clear from the transient absorption spectra of 1 and 2, which show strong absorbances in the near-infrared. The strong electronic coupling between the Zn-porphyrin and the anthraquinone provided by low-lying states of the polyene make it possible to transfer an electron rapidly over very long distances.

Wasielewski, M.R.; Johnson, D.G.; Svec, W.A.; Kersey, K.M.; Cragg, D.E.; Minsek, D.W.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Low-Temperature Synthesis Routes to Intermetallic Superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the past few years, our group has gained expertise at developing low-temperature solution-based synthetic pathways to complex nanoscale solids, with particular emphasis on nanocrystalline intermetallic compounds. Our synthetic capabilities are providing tools to reproducibly generate intermetallic nanostructures with simultaneous control over crystal structure, composition, and morphology. This DOE-funded project aims to expand these capabilities to intermetallic superconductors. This could represent an important addition to the tools that are available for the synthesis and processing of intermetallic superconductors, which traditionally utilize high-temperature, high-pressure, thin film, or gas-phase vacuum deposition methods. Our current knowledge of intermetallic superconductors suggests that significant enhancements could result from the inherent benefits of low-temperature solution synthesis, e.g. metastable phase formation, control over nanoscale morphology to facilitate size-dependent property studies, robust and inexpensive processability, low-temperature annealing and consolidation, and impurity incorporation (for doping, stoichiometry control, flux pinning, and improving the critical fields). Our focus is on understanding the superconducting properties as a function of synthetic route, crystal structure, crystallite size, and morphology, and developing the synthetic tools necessary to accomplish this. This research program can currently be divided into two classes of superconducting materials: intermetallics (transition metal/post transition metal) and metal carbides/borides. Both involve the development and exploitation of low-temperature synthesis routes followed by detailed characterization of structures and properties, with the goal of understanding how the synthetic pathways influence key superconducting properties of selected target materials. Because of the low-temperature methods used to synthesize them and the nanocrystalline morphologies of many of the products, the superconductors and their nanocrystalline precursors are potentially amenable to inexpensive and large-scale solution-based processing into wires, coatings, films, and templated or patterned structures with nanoscale and microscale features. Also, because of the new synthetic variables that play a key role in the low-temperature formation of intermetallics, the possibility exists to discover new superconductors.

Schaak, Raymond E

2008-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

418

All-optical routing of single photons with multiple input and output ports by interferences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a waveguide-cavity coupled system to achieve the routing of photons by the phases of other photons. Our router has four input ports and four output ports. The transport of the coherent-state photons injected through any input port can be controlled by the phases of the coherent-state photons injected through other input ports. This control can be achieved when the mean numbers of the routed and control photons are small enough and require no additional control fields. Therefore, the all-optical routing of photons can be achieved at the single-photon level.

Wei-Bin Yan; Bao Liu; Ling Zhou; Heng Fan

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

419

Connectivity-Enhanced Route Selection and Adaptive Control for the Chevrolet Volt: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory and General Motors evaluated connectivity-enabled efficiency enhancements for the Chevrolet Volt. A high-level model was developed to predict vehicle fuel and electricity consumption based on driving characteristics and vehicle state inputs. These techniques were leveraged to optimize energy efficiency via green routing and intelligent control mode scheduling, which were evaluated using prospective driving routes between tens of thousands of real-world origin/destination pairs. The overall energy savings potential of green routing and intelligent mode scheduling was estimated at 5% and 3% respectively. These represent substantial opportunities considering that they only require software adjustments to implement.

Gonder, J.; Wood, E.; Rajagopalan, S.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Analytical modeling and structural response of a stretched-membrane reflective module  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The optical and structural load deformation response behavior of a uniform pressure-loaded stretched-membrane reflective module subject to nonaxisymmetric support constraints is studied in this report. To aid in the understanding of this behavior, an idealized analytical model is developed and implemented and predictions are compared with predictions based on the detailed structural analysis code NASTRAN. Single structural membrane reflector modules are studied in this analysis. In particular, the interaction of the frame-membrane combination and variations in membrane pressure loading and tension are studied in detail. Variations in the resulting lateral shear load on the frame, frame lateral support, and frame twist as a function of distance between the supports are described as are the resulting optical effects. Results indicate the need to consider the coupled deformation problem as the lateral frame deformations are amplified by increasing the membrane tension. The importance of accurately considering the effects of different membrane attachment approaches is also demonstrated.

Murphy, L.M.; Sallis, D.V.

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Method and apparatus for routing data in an inter-nodal communications lattice of a massively parallel computer system by semi-randomly varying routing policies for different packets  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A massively parallel computer system contains an inter-nodal communications network of node-to-node links. Nodes vary a choice of routing policy for routing data in the network in a semi-random manner, so that similarly situated packets are not always routed along the same path. Semi-random variation of the routing policy tends to avoid certain local hot spots of network activity, which might otherwise arise using more consistent routing determinations. Preferably, the originating node chooses a routing policy for a packet, and all intermediate nodes in the path route the packet according to that policy. Policies may be rotated on a round-robin basis, selected by generating a random number, or otherwise varied.

Archer, Charles Jens (Rochester, MN); Musselman, Roy Glenn (Rochester, MN); Peters, Amanda (Rochester, MN); Pinnow, Kurt Walter (Rochester, MN); Swartz, Brent Allen (Chippewa Falls, WI); Wallenfelt, Brian Paul (Eden Prairie, MN)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

422

LED structure with enhanced mirror reflectivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Embodiments of the present invention are generally related to LED chips having improved overall emission by reducing the light-absorbing effects of barrier layers adjacent mirror contacts. In one embodiment, a LED chip comprises one or more LEDs, with each LED having an active region, a first contact under the active region having a highly reflective mirror, and a barrier layer adjacent the mirror. The barrier layer is smaller than the mirror such that it does not extend beyond the periphery of the mirror. In another possible embodiment, an insulator is further provided, with the insulator adjacent the barrier layer and adjacent portions of the mirror not contacted by the active region or by the barrier layer. In yet another embodiment, a second contact is provided on the active region. In a further embodiment, the barrier layer is smaller than the mirror such that the periphery of the mirror is at least 40% free of the barrier layer, and the second contact is below the first contact and accessible from the bottom of the chip.

Bergmann, Michael; Donofrio, Matthew; Heikman, Sten; Schneider, Kevin S; Haberern, Kevin W; Edmond, John A

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Internal Reflection Sensor for the Cone Penetrometer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this project are to design, assemble, test, and demonstrate a prototype Internal Reflection Sensor (IRS) for the cone penetrometer. The sensor will ultimately be deployed during site characterization with the goal of providing real-time, in situ detection of NonAqueous Phase Liquids (NAPLs) in the subsurface. In the first phase of this program, we have designed and assembled an IRS module that interfaces directly to a standard cone penetrometer system. Laboratory tests demonstrated that the sensor responds in real-time to a wide variety of free phase NAPLs without interference from natural materials such as water and soil of various types or dissolved contaminants. In a preliminary field test, the sensor was able to locate NAPLs at thin, discrete depths in a soil test pit when deployed with a cone penetrometer. Ruggedness of the device was tested with a series of penetrometer pushes to the depth of refusal at a clean location. There was no visible damage to the sensor and its performance did not change in the course of these experiments. Based on the successes of the Phase I program, it is recommended that the project proceed to full-scale demonstration in Phase II.

Job Bello

1998-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

424

ROUTING IN TIME-DEPENDENT AND LABELED NETWORKS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study routing problems in time-dependent and edge and/or vertex-labeled transportation networks. Labels allow one to express a number of discrete properties of the edges and nodes. The main focus is a unified algorithm that efficiently solves a number of seemingly unrelated problems in transportation science. Experimental data gained from modeling practical situations suggest that the formalism allows interesting compromises between the conflicting goals of generality and efficiency. 1. We use edge/vertex labels in the framework of Formal Language Constrained Path Problems to handle discrete choice constraints. The label set is usually small and does not depend on the graph. Edge labels induct! path labels, which allows us to impose feasibility constraints on the set of paths considered as shortest path candidates. Second, we propose monotonic piecewise-linear traversal functions to represent the time-dependent aspect of link delays. The applications that can be modeled include scheduled transit and time-windows. 3. Third, we combine the above models and capture a variety of natural problems in transportatiou science such as time-window constrained trip-chaining. The results demonstrate the robustness of the proposed formalisms. As evidence for our claims of practical efficiency in a realistic setting, we report preliminary computational experience from TRANSIMS case studies of Portland, Oregon.

Barrett, C. L. (Christopher L.); Bisset, K. R. (Keith R.); Jacob, R. (Riko); Konjevod, G. (Goran); Marathe, M. V. (Madhav V.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Thermodynamic route to field equations in Lanczos-Lovelock gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spacetimes with horizons show a resemblance to thermodynamic systems and one can associate the notions of temperature and entropy with them. In the case of Einstein-Hilbert gravity, it is possible to interpret Einstein's equations as the thermodynamic identity TdS=dE+PdV for a spherically symmetric spacetime and thus provide a thermodynamic route to understand the dynamics of gravity. We study this approach further and show that the field equations for the Lanczos-Lovelock action in a spherically symmetric spacetime can also be expressed as TdS=dE+PdV with S and E given by expressions previously derived in the literature by other approaches. The Lanczos-Lovelock Lagrangians are of the form L=Q{sub a}{sup bcd}R{sup a}{sub bcd} with {nabla}{sub b}Q{sub a}{sup bcd}=0. In such models, the expansion of Q{sub a}{sup bcd} in terms of the derivatives of the metric tensor determines the structure of the theory and higher order terms can be interpreted as quantum corrections to Einstein gravity. Our result indicates a deep connection between the thermodynamics of horizons and the allowed quantum corrections to standard Einstein gravity, and shows that the relation TdS=dE+PdV has a greater domain of validity than Einstein's field equations.

Paranjape, Aseem; Sarkar, Sudipta; Padmanabhan, T. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai-400 005 (India); IUCAA, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune-411 007 (India)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

426

Vehicle routing and scheduling for the ultra short haul transportation system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method of vehicle routing and scheduling for an air based intraurban transportation system is developed. The maximization of level of service to passengers in a system operating under time varying demand is considered ...

Smith, Barry C.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Simulating service reliability of a high frequency bus route using automatically collected data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High frequency bus routes are subject to a variety of influences that can affect the quality of service provided to passengers. Since they have short headways and high passenger demand interaction between buses can easily ...

Milkovits, Martin Nicholas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

iBubble: Multi-keyword Routing Protocol for Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Matt Spear, Karl Levitt and S. Felix Wu Department of Computer Science UC Davis, Davis, CA 95616 Email. By utilizing keywords, iBubble bridges many routing and energy problems prevalent in WSN, and provides a simple

California at Davis, University of

429

The development and evaluation of alternative designs for the Texas Farm-To-Market route marker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

alternative designs were tested on a sample of 70 motorists from the Bryan/College Station community. Four laboratory tests were used to assess the effectiveness of the FM route marker designs. These tests were the glance legibility test, filtered...

Fenno, David W

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

430

EURECOM 2229 Route des Crtes BP 193 F-06904 Sophia Antipolis cedex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EURECOM ­ 2229 Route des Crêtes ­ BP 193 F-06904 Sophia Antipolis cedex www.eurecom.fr Spatial, Sophia Antipolis, France http://www.openairinterface.org bassem.zayen@eurecom.fr 2. Cognitive Radio

Gesbert, David

431

Leveraging infrastructure : sustainable bus rapid transit route planning in Beirut, Lebanon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis applies the concepts of urban design, public transportation planning, economic development, and sustainability, to the routing and site plan of a two-kilometer bus rapid transit (BRT) line segment into downtown ...

Nabti, Jumana M., 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

A Multi-Objective Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm for Infrastructure Routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

they are derived from is presented. Two case studies are developed to demonstrate the performance of the algorithm under different infrastructure routing scenarios. In the first case study the algorithm is implemented into the Ice Road Planning module within...

McDonald, Walter

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

433

E-Print Network 3.0 - assisted reaction route Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for AdHoc Mobile Wireless Networks Summary: A Review of Current Routing Protocols for Ad-Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks Elizabeth M. Royer Dept... basis. In order to facilitate...

434

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive multicast routing Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

results for: adaptive multicast routing Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Geocasting in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks: Location-Based Multicast Algorithms Young-Bae Ko and Nitin H. Vaidya...

435

Route 66, where are you? : four cities and the development of a shared cultural resource  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although small towns, rural areas, state organizations, and federal programs are all pursuing the redevelopment of the Route 66 corridor, this paper focuses on how four urban communities currently are engaging with this ...

Dodge, Anne Clayton

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Optimal adaptive routing and traffic assignment in stochastic time-dependent networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A stochastic time-dependent (STD) network is defined by treating all link travel times at all time periods as random variables, with possible time-wise and link-wise stochastic dependency. A routing policy is a decision ...

Gao, Song, 1976-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

E-Print Network 3.0 - auxiliary bus-bars routing Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: and VV cooling systems, vacuum pumping and fueling systems, LHe auxiliary cold box, and to route bus-bars... to the tokamak using air-cooled aluminum or copper bus...

438

Challenges and Solutions for Location-based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks with Complex Network Topology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complex Network Topologies (CNTs)–network holes and cuts–often occur in practical WSN deployments. Many researchers have acknowledged that CNTs adversely affect the performance of location-based routing and proposed various CNT- aware location...

Won, Myounggyu

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

439

Performance Comparison of the RPL and LOADng Routing Protocols in a Home Automation Scenario  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

route entries. Limited energy supply dictates minimal radio usage and optimized control overhead that approximates real-world con- ditions is the radio propagation model with the assumption of the Unit Disk Graph

440

Integrated Droplet Routing and Defect Tolerance in the Synthesis of Digital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11 Integrated Droplet Routing and Defect Tolerance in the Synthesis of Digital Microfluidic Biochips TAO XU and KRISHNENDU CHAKRABARTY Duke University Microfluidic biochips are revolutionizing high to digital microfluidic platforms, the need for design automation techniques is being increasingly felt

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Online Policies for Opportunistic Virtual MISO Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Online Policies for Opportunistic Virtual MISO Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Cristiano in virtual multiple input single output (MISO) trans- missions and space-time block codes have been proposed

Rossi, Michele

442

E-Print Network 3.0 - access route fast Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ying Zhang Z. Morley Mao Jia Wang... University of Michigan AT&T Labs-Research Abstract In this work, we present the novel idea of route normal... - ization by...

443

Synthetic routes to monodisperse gold nanoparticles stabilized by different-length alkanethiols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

My thesis explored three different synthesis routes toward obtaining monodisperse clutches of well-ordered nanoparticles stabilized by various alkanethiols. The first two synthesis methods were based on a two-phase system ...

Fabian, Omar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

A Novel Route to Enantioenriched ?-Allyl ?-Fluoroketones via Palladium Catalyzed Decarboxylation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis details the development of a novel catalytic asymmetric route to ?-fluorinated ketones. Enantioenriched ?-fluoroketones were produced in good yields and high enantiomeric ratios via palladium-catalyzed ...

Barron, Briana R.

2008-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

445

Microsoft Word - RoutingTG_1-18-07_call_minutes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

example, 4 information such as the amount of rail line shared with commuter and coal trains, the amount of the routes which do not have signals on the line, and the amount of...

446

A Hybrid Long-Distance Entanglement Distribution Protocol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a hybrid (continuous-discrete variable) quantum repeater protocol for distribution of entanglement over long distances. Starting from entangled states created by means of single-photon detection, we show how entangled coherent state superpositions, also known as `Schr\\"odinger cat states', can be generated by means of homodyne detection of light. We show that near-deterministic entanglement swapping with such states is possible using only linear optics and homodyne detectors, and we evaluate the performance of our protocol combining these elements.

Jonatan B. Brask; Ioannes Rigas; Eugene S. Polzik; Ulrik L. Andersen; Anders S. Sorensen

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Gamma ray burst distances and the timescape cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma ray bursts can potentially be used as distance indicators, providing the possibility of extending the Hubble diagram to redshifts ~7. Here we follow the analysis of Schaefer (2007), with the aim of distinguishing the timescape cosmological model from the \\LambdaCDM model by means of the additional leverage provided by GRBs in the range 2 < z < 7. We find that the timescape model fits the GRB sample slightly better than the \\LambdaCDM model, but that the systematic uncertainties are still too little understood to distinguish the models.

Peter R. Smale

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

448

Property:Distance from Shore (m) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyoCoolingTowerWaterUseSummerConsumed Jump to:DOEInvolveDeploymentSectorDistance from

449

Property:Distance from Shore(m) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyoCoolingTowerWaterUseSummerConsumed Jump to:DOEInvolveDeploymentSectorDistance

450

Reflection and transmission coefficients of a fracture in transversely ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study of the reflection-transmission problem of a fracture plays an ...... material or abrupt changes in COF (Smith, 1996; Anandakrishnan, 1996; Horgan et al.,.

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

451

Seismic Reflection Data and Conceptual Models for Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

failure of seismic reflection data to image thesubsurface demonstrates the robust reliability of aconceptual model approach to geothermal exploration thatemphasizes the...

452

U-043: Attachmate Reflection Buffer Overflow in FTP Client Lets...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Lifecycle Attachmate Downloads SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026340 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: A vulnerability was reported in Attachmate Reflection. A remote user...

453

Fabrication and performance of polymer-nanocomposite anti-reflective...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

News, VA (United States) Design of polymer anti-reflective (AR) optical coatings for plastic substrates is challenging because polymers exhibit a relatively narrow range of...

454

Reflection Survey At Under Steamboat Springs Area (Warpinski...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Under Steamboat Springs Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Reflection Survey At Under Steamboat...

455

The important effect of electron reflection on thermionic converter performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although only a few percent of high energy electrons are reflected from bare metal surfaces, 20--60% of low energy incident electrons are reflected from thermionic converter electrodes with adsorbed cesium and oxygen. The TECMDL computer model indicates that electron reflection in cesium vapor thermionic converters increases the arc potential drop, offsetting the gain in performance obtainable by lowering the collector work function via the coadsorbed Cs/O layer. The possible suppression of electron reflection by using electrodes with sub-micron surface structure is hypothesized and supported by experimental data obtained by employing a new method for testing in cesium-oxygen vapor.

Rasor, N.S.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

angular dependent reflection: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

structure factor near Bragg reflections: Graphite Physics Websites Summary: -binding model (see e. g. 15, 16) have been used extensively to study in-plane properties of...

457

A lower bound for routing on a completely connected optical communication parallel computer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The task of routing a 2-relation on an n-processor completely connected optical communication parallel computer (OCPC) is considered. A lower bound is presented that applies to any randomized distributed algorithm for this task: specifically, it is shown that the expected number of steps required to route a 2-relation is {Omega}({radical} log log n) in the worst case. For comparison, the best upper bound known is O(log log n).

Goldberg, L.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Jerrum, M. [Edinburgh Univ. (United Kingdom). Dept. of Computer Science; MacKenzie, P.D. [Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Computer Sciences

1993-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

458

Composition and microstructure of zirconium and hafnium germanates obtained by different chemical routes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The phase composition and morphology of zirconium and hafnium germanates synthesized by ceramic and co-precipitation routes were studied. The products were characterized using high-temperature X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermal (TG/DTA) analysis. To investigate the phase composition and stoichiometry of compounds the unit cell parameters were refined by full-profile Rietveld XRD analysis. The morphology of products and its evolution during high-temperature treatment was examined by SEM analysis. It was stated that there is the strong dependence of the phase composition and morphology of products on the preparation route. The ceramic route requires a multi-stage high-temperature treatment to obtain zirconium and hafnium germanates of 95% purity or more. Also, there are strong diffusion limitations to obtain hafnium germanate Hf{sub 3}GeO{sub 8} by ceramic route. On the contrary, the co-precipitation route leads to the formation of nanocrystalline single phase germanates of stoichiometric composition at a relatively low temperatures (less than 1000 °C). The results of quantitative XRD analysis showed the hafnium germanates are stoichiometric compounds in contrast to zirconium germanates that form a set of solid solutions. This distinction may be related to the difference in the ion radii of Zr and Hf. - Graphical abstract: The phase composition and morphology of zirconium and hafnium germanates synthesized by ceramic and co-precipitation routes were studied. It was stated that there is the strong dependence of the phase composition and morphology of products on the preparation route. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Zr and Hf germanates were synthesized by ceramic and co-precipitation routes. • The morphology of products depends on the synthesis parameters. • Zirconium germanates forms a set of solid solutions. • Hafnium germanates are stoichiometric compounds.

Utkin, A.V., E-mail: utkinalex@hotmail.com; Prokip, V.E.; Baklanova, N.I.

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

Diamond tool wear vs cutting distance on electroless nickel mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wear data are presented for diamond tools cutting electroless nickel (eNi) for cut lengths up to 70,000 ft (13 miles). Two tools having different infrared absorption characteristics were used to cut an eNi preparation that had yielded minimum values for surface roughness and tool wear rate in a previous study. The data include Talystep measurement of the rms amplitude of the feed-marks versus cumulative cutting distance, representative examples of shape changes for the feed-mark profiles, SEM and optical micrographs of the tool rake and flank face wear zones, and measurements of the cutting edge profile and edge recession distance by a tool-nose replication technique. Feed-mark roughness values were found to increase from 5 to 90 A rms over the duration of the test, with an associated edge recession of about 1000 A and the development of a periodic tool edge grooving indicative of burnishing of the part surface. The ir absorption data successfully predicted the order of the two tools in terms of wear rate and fracture toughness.

Syn, C.K.; Taylor, J.S.; Donaldson, R.R.

1986-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

460

The distance scale and Eddington efficiency of luminous quasars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relation between the central mass and quasar luminosity (M_BH \\propto L^{\\alpha}FHWM^2) links a given Eddington ratio with a value of H_0, within a cosmology with fixed (\\Omega_m,\\Omega_{\\Lambda}). We point out that because the relation is calibrated at low z using distance independent reverberation mapping to get the BLR size, the derived M_BH interestingly does not depend on H_0, while L/L_Edd is sensitive to H_0, but rather robust to changes of \\Omega_{\\Lambda} in the standard flat model. This means, e.g., that enough of extragalactic objects radiating at the Eddington limit could be used to study the global Hubble constant in a new way, bypassing the local distance ladder. The method could become practical when systematic errors in derived M_BH are understood and objects with L /leq L_Edd can be independently identified. As an illustration, if we take a sample of tranquil very luminous quasars in the redshift range 0.5 < z < 1.6, and assume that they are radiating with L_bol \\leq L_Edd, then the usual numeric factors used for calculating M_BH and L_bol would lead to the result that the Hubble constant must be larger than 45 km/s/Mpc.

P. Teerikorpi

2005-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "reflect route distances" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Distance-Two Interpolation for Parallel Algebraic Multigrid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Algebraic multigrid (AMG) is one of the most efficient and scalable parallel algorithms for solving sparse linear systems on unstructured grids. However, for large three-dimensional problems, the coarse grids that are normally used in AMG often lead to growing complexity in terms of memory use and execution time per AMG V-cycle. Sparser coarse grids, such as those obtained by the Parallel Modified Independent Set coarsening algorithm (PMIS) [7], remedy this complexity growth, but lead to non-scalable AMG convergence factors when traditional distance-one interpolation methods are used. In this paper we study the scalability of AMG methods that combine PMIS coarse grids with long distance interpolation methods. AMG performance and scalability is compared for previously introduced interpolation methods as well as new variants of them for a variety of relevant test problems on parallel computers. It is shown that the increased interpolation accuracy largely restores the scalability of AMG convergence factors for PMIS-coarsened grids, and in combination with complexity reducing methods, such as interpolation truncation, one obtains a class of parallel AMG methods that enjoy excellent scalability properties on large parallel computers.

De Sterck, H; Falgout, R; Nolting, J; Yang, U M

2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

462

A Structure-Based Distance Metric for High-Dimensional Space...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Structure-Based Distance Metric for High-Dimensional Space Exploration with Multi-Dimensional Scaling. A Structure-Based Distance Metric for High-Dimensional Space Exploration...

463

Hybrid intensity and time-of-flight signal processing techniques for intelligent distance sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the advent of "smart" consumer electronics, distance sensing is an increasingly important field in optical sensing. A novel approach to active infrared(IR) 1D distance sensing is proposed, employing both intensity and ...

Hiromi, Itariu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Choosing good distance metrics and local planners for probabilistic roadmap motion planning methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a comparative evaluation of different distance metrics and local planners within the context of probabilistic roadmap methods for motion planning. Both C-space and Workspace distance metrics and local planners are considered...

Bayazit, Osman Burchan

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Reflection seismic profiling in Wabash Valley fault system in southwestern Indiana  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the summer of 1988 common-depth-point (CDP) reflection seismic profiling was initiated by ARPEX in southwestern Indiana in the Wabash Valley fault system. A 2.2-im (1.4-mi) east-west profile was shot across the Mt. Vernon graben in Posey County. Minihole shooting in 21-m (68.9-ft) patterns using 3.4 kg (7.5 lb) of seismic explosives distributed in five 3-m (10-ft) holes provided the energy source. Most shotholes were made with a reversible air-driven penetrating tool that was effective in dense clays. The 12-geophone array length was 43 m (141 ft), and the nominal far-trace offset was 2.1 km (7,000 ft). A 48-channel recording yielded 24-CDP coverage at 11-m (36-ft) intervals. Data were enhanced by gapped deconvolution, bandpass filtering, and CDP stack. The strongest and most continuous reflections at 0.75 and 1.6 sec are associated with the New Albany Shale (Devonian-Mississippian) and Eau Claire Formation (Cambrian), respectively. Within the Mt. Vernon graben and east of the Spenser Consolidated oil field, the depth to Eau Claire Formation apparently increases by approximately 60 m (197 ft) over a horizontal distance of 1.4 km (0.9 mi). Minor faulting east of the Spencer Consolidated field appears to be synthetic to the Hovey lake fault, which bounds the eastern side of the Mt. Vernon graben. Tentative interpretations of faulting and weak reflections from depths greater than 4.5 km (15,000 ft) may be clarified by additional data processing and by additional seismic profiling planned by ARPEX.

Rene, R.M.; Hester, N.C.; Stanonis, F.L. (Indiana Univ., Bloomington (USA))

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Type IIP supernovae as cosmological probes: A SEAM distance to SN 1999em  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Type IIP Supernovae as Cosmological Probes: A SEAM Distanceintrinsic brightness, supernovae make excellent cosmologicalstars: atmospheres — supernovae: 1999em Distances from

Baron, E.; Nugent, Peter E.; Branch, David; Hauschildt, Peter H.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Fabricating Microgeometry for Custom Surface Reflectance Tim Weyrich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a variety of sur- faces, ranging from reproductions of measured BRDFs to materials with unconventional reflectance mod- els continue to be used in rendering applications, more complex and realistic material models material (metal, dielectric, translucent / scattering, etc.). Many analytic reflectance models used

468

Reflection of focused beams from opal photonic crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Chutinan, "Full Three-Dimensional Photonic Bandgap Crystals at Near-Infrared Wavelengths," Science 289, 604Reflection of focused beams from opal photonic crystals Karri Varis, Marco Mattila Optoelectronics 10-14, D-55099 Mainz, Germany Abstract: We present a robust method for computing the reflection

Jonsson, Fredrik

469

Visible and near infrared reflectances measured from laboratory ice clouds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Visible and near infrared reflectances measured from laboratory ice clouds Brian Barkey* and K. N present laboratory results of the 0:68 m visible (VIS) and 1:617 m near infrared (NIR) reflectances for the remote sensing of thin cirrus clouds on the basis of visible (VIS) and near infrared (NIR) channels

Liou, K. N.

470

Interactive Refractions with Total Internal Reflection Scott T Davis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

more e-mail: scott-davis-1@uiowa.edu e-mail:cwyman@cs.uiowa.edu efficient such as is the caseInteractive Refractions with Total Internal Reflection Scott T Davis University of Iowa Chris Wyman and improve upon approaches that avoid to- tal internal reflection. CR Categories: I.3.7 [Computer Graphics

Wyman, Chris

471

Camera-based reflectivity measurement for solar thermal applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the solar-weighted reflectivity of the receiver component in CSP systems. Such reflectivity measurement Tubular receivers for solar thermal power plants, specifically tower plants, are in common use, in plants to be able to do conveniently in the field, possibly at intervals throughout the life of the plant

472

Reflection soft X-ray microscope and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A reflection soft X-ray microscope is provided by generating soft X-ray beams, condensing the X-ray beams to strike a surface of an object at a predetermined angle, and focusing the X-ray beams reflected from the surface onto a detector, for recording an image of the surface or near surface features of the object under observation.

Suckewer, Szymon (Princeton, NJ); Skinner, Charles H. (Lawrenceville, NJ); Rosser, Roy (Princeton, NJ)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Reflections on Money and Lean Construction Proceedings IGLC-7 253  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reflections on Money and Lean Construction Proceedings IGLC-7 253 REFLECTIONS ON MONEY AND LEAN CONSTRUCTION Federico Orrechia1 and Gregory A. Howell2 ABSTRACT Money is a particularly tricky resource to minimize risk of schedule overrun. Here again the role of money is to help clarify value for the client

Tommelein, Iris D.

474

Accurate Computation of Geodesic Distance Fields for Polygonal Curves on Triangle Meshes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate Computation of Geodesic Distance Fields for Polygonal Curves on Triangle Meshes David,kobbelt}@cs.rwth-aachen.de Abstract We present an algorithm for the efficient and accu- rate computation of geodesic distance fields the original algorithm is able to compute geodesic distances to isolated points on the mesh only, our

Frey, Pascal

475

A Test of the Calibration of the Tully-Fisher Relation Using Cepheid and SNIa Distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We make a direct test of Tully-Fisher distance estimates to eleven spiral galaxies with HST Cepheid distances and to twelve spiral galaxies with SNIa distances. The HST Cepheid distances come from the work of Freedman (1997), Sandage et al (1996) and Tanvir et al (1995). The SNIa distances come from Pierce (1994), calibrated using the Cepheid results of Sandage et al (1996). The Tully-Fisher distances mostly come from the work of Pierce (1994). The results show that the Tully-Fisher distance moduli are too short with respect to the Cepheid distances by 0.46+-0.14mag and too short with respect to the SNIa distances by 0.46+-0.19mag. Combining the HST Cepheid and SNIa data suggests that, overall, previous Tully-Fisher distances were too short by 0.46+-0.11mag, a result which is significant at the 4sigma level. These data therefore indicate that previous Tully-Fisher distances should be revised upwards by 24+-6% implying, for example, a Virgo distance of 19.3+-1.9Mpc. The value of Ho from Tully-Fisher estimates is correspondingly revised downwards from Ho=84+-10 to Ho=68+-8.

T. Shanks

1997-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

476

Distance dependent rates of photoinduced charge separation and dark charge recombination in fixed distance porphyrin-quinone molecules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three zinc tetraphenylporphyrin-anthraquinone derivatives were prepared in which the edge-to-edge distances between the porphyrin and quinone ..pi.. systems are fixed by a rigid hydrocarbon spacer molecule. Triptycene, trans-1,2-diphenylcyclopentane, and adamantane were used to fix the porphyrin-anthraquinone distance at 2.5, 3.7, and 4.9 A, respectively. These molecules possess 1,2, and 3 saturated carbon atoms, respectively, between the porphyrin donor and the quinone acceptor. Rate constants for photoinduced electron transfer from the lowest excited singlet state of the zinc tetraphenylporphyrin donor to the anthraquinone acceptor were measured. In addition, the corresponding radical ion pair recombination rate constants for each of these molecules were also determined. The rate constants for both photoinduced charge separation and subsequent radical ion pair recombination decrease by approximately a factor of 10 for each saturated carbon atom intervening between the porphyrin donor and the quinone acceptor. These results are consistent with a model in which the rate of electron transfer is determined by weak mixing of the sigma orbitals of the saturated hydrocarbon spacer with the ..pi.. orbitals of the donor and acceptor. 22 refs., 5 figs.

Wasielewski, M.R.; Niemczyk, M.P.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Low-distance Surface Codes under Realistic Quantum Noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the performance of distance-three surface code layouts under realistic multi-parameter noise models. We first calculate their thresholds under depolarizing noise. We then compare a Pauli-twirl approximation of amplitude and phase damping to amplitude and phase damping. We find the approximate channel results in a pessimistic estimate of the logical error rate, indicating the realistic threshold may be higher than previously estimated. From Monte-Carlo simulations, we identify experimental parameters for which these layouts admit reliable computation. Due to its low resource cost and superior performance, we conclude that the 17-qubit layout should be targeted in early experimental implementations of the surface code. We find that architectures with gate times in the 5-40 ns range and T1 times of at least 1-2 us range will exhibit improved logical error rates with a 17-qubit surface code encoding.

Yu Tomita; Krysta M. Svore

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

478

Distance measurements as a probe of cosmic acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A major recent evelopment in observational cosmology has been an accurate measurement of the luminosity distance-redshift relation out to redshifts z=0.8 from Type Ia supernova standard candles. The results have been argued as evidence for cosmic acceleration. It is well known that this assertion depends on the assumption that we know the equation of state for all mass-energy other than normal pressureless matter; popular models are based on either the cosmological constant or on the more general quintessence formulation. But this assertion also depends on a number of other assumptions, implicit in the derivation of the standard cosmological field equations: large-scale isotropy and homogeneity, the flatness of the Universe, and the validity of general relativity on cosmological scales (where it has not been tested). A detailed examination of the effects of these assumptions on the interplay between the luminosity distance-redshift relation and the acceleration of the Universe is not possible unless one can define the precise nature of the failure of any particular assumption. However a simple quantitative investigation is possible and reveals a number of considerations about the relative importance of the different assumptions. In this paper we present such an investigation. We find that the relationship between the distant-redshift relation and the sign of the deceleration parameter is fairly robust and is unaffected if only one of the assumptions that we investigate is invalid so long as the deceleration parameter is not close to zero (it would not be close to zero in the currently-favored Omega_Lambda = 1 - Omega_matter = 0.7 or 0.8 Universe, for example). Failures of two or more assumptions in concordance may have stronger effects.

Neil Trentham

2001-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

479

L-connect routing of die surface pads to the die edge for stacking in a 3D array  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Integrated circuit chips and method of routing the interface pads from the face of the chip or die to one or more sidewall surfaces of the die. The interconnection is routed from the face of the die to one or more edges of the die, then routed over the edge of the die and onto the side surface. A new pad is then formed on the sidewall surface, which allows multiple die or chips to be stacked in a three-dimensional array, while enabling follow-on signal routing from the sidewall pads. The routing of the interconnects and formation of the sidewall pads can be carried out in an L-connect or L-shaped routing configuration, using a metalization process such as laser pantography.

Petersen, Robert W. (Dublin, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Solids Fraction Measurement with a Reflective Fiber Optic Probe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method has been developed to extract solids fraction information from a reflective fiber optic probe. The commercially available reflective fiber optic probe was designed to measure axial particle velocity (both up and down directions). However, the reflected light intensity measured is related to particle size and particle concentration. A light reflection model is used to relate the reflected light intensity to solids fraction. In this model we assume that the reflected light intensity is a fixed fraction, K1, of the total light intensity lost in penetration of a solid layer. Also, the solids fraction is related to particle concentration, N, in the light path, by N = K2 (1- ?), where (1-?) is the solids fraction. The parameters K1 and K2 are determined through a calibration and curve fitting procedure. This paper describes this procedure and the steps taken to derive the values of K1 and K2. It is proposed that the reflective fiber optic can be used for real time measurement of solids fraction in a circulating fluid bed.

Seachman, S.M.; Yue, P.C.; Ludlow, J.C.; Shadle, L.J.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

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481

The Influence of Particle Size on Infrared Reflectance Spectra  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reflectance spectra of solids are influenced by the absorption coefficient as well as the particle size and morphology. In the infrared, spectral features may be observed as either maxima or minima: in general, the upward-going peaks in the reflectance spectrum result from surface scattering, which are rays that have reflected from the surface without penetration, whereas downward-going peaks result from either absorption or volume scattering, i.e. rays that have penetrated into the sample or refracted into the sample interior and are not reflected. The light signal reflected from solids usually encompasses all these effects which include dependencies on particle size, morphology and sample density. This paper measures the reflectance spectra in the 1.3 – 16 micron range for various bulk materials that have a combination of strong and weak absorption bands in order to understand the effects on the spectral features as a function of the mean grain size of the sample. The bulk materials were ground with a mortar and pestle and then sieved to separate the samples into various size fractions: 0-45, 45-90, 90-180, 180-250, 250-500, and >500 microns. The directional-hemispherical spectra were recorded using a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer equipped with an integrating sphere to measure the reflectance for all of the particle-size fractions. We have studied both organic and inorganic materials, but this paper focuses on inorganic salts, NaNO3 in particular. Our studies clearly show that particle size has an enormous influence on the measured reflectance spectra for bulk materials and that successful identification requires sufficient representative reflectance data so as to include the particle size(s) of interest. Origins of the effects are discussed.

Myers, Tanya L.; Brauer, Carolyn S.; Su, Yin-Fong; Blake, Thomas A.; Johnson, Timothy J.; Richardson, Robert L.

2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

482

Spectro-photometric distances to stars: a general-purpose Bayesian approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have developed a procedure that estimates distances to stars using measured spectroscopic and photometric quantities. It employs a Bayesian approach to build the probability distribution function over stellar evolutionary models given the data, delivering estimates of expected distance for each star individually. Our method provides several alternative distance estimates for each star in the output, along with their associated uncertainties. The code was first tested on simulations, successfully recovering input distances to mock stars with errors that scale with the uncertainties in the adopted spectro-photometric parameters, as expected. The code was then validated by comparing our distance estimates to parallax measurements from the Hipparcos mission for nearby stars (< 60 pc), to asteroseismic distances of CoRoT red giant stars, and to known distances of well-studied open and globular clusters. The photometric data of these reference samples cover both the optical and near infra-red wavelengths. The...

Santiago, Basílio X; Anders, Friedrich; Chiappini, Cristina; Girardi, Léo; Rocha-Pinto, Helio J; Balbinot, Eduardo; da Costa, Luiz N; Maia, Marcio A G; Schultheis, Mathias; Steinmetz, Matthias; Miglio, Andrea; Montalbán, Josefina; Schneider, Donald P; Beers, Timothy C; Frinchaboy, Peter M; Lee, Young Sun; Zasowski, Gail

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

A Physically Based Runoff Routing Model for Land Surface and Earth System Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new physically based runoff routing model, called the Model for Scale Adaptive River Transport (MOSART), has been developed to be applicable across local, regional, and global scales. Within each spatial unit, surface runoff is first routed across hillslopes and then discharged along with subsurface runoff into a ‘‘tributary subnetwork’’ before entering the main channel. The spatial units are thus linked via routing through the main channel network, which is constructed in a scale-consistent way across different spatial resolutions. All model parameters are physically based, and only a small subset requires calibration.MOSART has been applied to the Columbia River basin at 1/ 168, 1/ 88, 1/ 48, and 1/ 28 spatial resolutions and was evaluated using naturalized or observed streamflow at a number of gauge stations. MOSART is compared to two other routing models widely used with land surface models, the River Transport Model (RTM) in the Community Land Model (CLM) and the Lohmann routing model, included as a postprocessor in the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) model package, yielding consistent performance at multiple resolutions. MOSART is further evaluated using the channel velocities derived from field measurements or a hydraulic model at various locations and is shown to be capable of producing the seasonal variation and magnitude of channel velocities reasonably well at different resolutions. Moreover, the impacts of spatial resolution on model simulations are systematically examined at local and regional scales. Finally, the limitations ofMOSART and future directions for improvements are discussed.

Li, Hongyi; Wigmosta, Mark S.; Wu, Huan; Huang, Maoyi; Ke, Yinghai; Coleman, Andre M.; Leung, Lai-Yung R.

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

484

High-frequency nonreciprocal reflection from magnetic films with overlayers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We perform a theoretical study of the nonreciprocal reflection of high-frequency microwave radiation from ferromagnetic films with thin overlayers. Reflection from metallic ferromagnetic films is always near unity and shows no nonreciprocity. In contrast, reflection from a structure which has a dielectric overlayer on top of a film composed of insulated ferromagnetic nanoparticles or nanostructures can show significant nonreciprocity in the 75–80?GHz frequency range, a very high value. This can be important for devices such as isolators or circulators.

Wang, Ying; Nie, Yan; Camley, R. E. [Center for Magnetism and Magnetic Nanostructures, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80918 (United States)

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

485

Fear: A Fuzzy-based Energy-aware Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many energy-aware routing protocols have been proposed for wireless sensor networks. Most of them are only energy savers and do not take care about energy balancing. The energy saver protocols try to decrease the energy consumption of the network as a whole; however the energy manager protocols balance the energy consumption in the network to avoid network partitioning. This means that energy saver protocols are not necessarily energy balancing and vice versa. However, the lifetime of wireless sensor network is strictly depending on energy consumption; therefore, energy management is an essential task to be considered. This paper proposes an energy aware routing protocol, named FEAR, which considers energy balancing and energy saving. It finds a fair trade-off between energy balancing and energy saving by fuzzy set concept. FEAR routing protocol is simulated and evaluated by Glomosim simulator.

Ahvar, Ehsan; Piran, Mohammad Jalil

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

AGEM: Adaptive Greedy-Compass Energy-aware Multipath Routing Protocol for WMSNs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents an Adaptive Greedy-compass Energy-aware Multipath protocol (AGEM), a novel routing protocol for wireless multimedia sensors networks (WMSNs). AGEM uses sensors node positions to make packet forwarding decisions. These decisions are made online, at each forwarding node, in such a way that there is no need for global network topology knowledge and maintenance. AGEM routing protocol performs load-balancing to minimize energy consumption among nodes using twofold policy: (1) smart greedy forwarding, based on adaptive compass and (2) walking back forwarding to avoid holes. Performance evaluations of AGEM compared to GPSR (Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing) show that AGEM can: (a) maximize the network lifetime, (b) guarantee quality of service for video stream transmission, and (c) scale better on densely deployed wireless sensors network.

Medjiah, Samir; Krief, Francine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

A Multipath Energy-Aware On demand Source Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy consumption is the most challenging issue in routing protocol design for mobile ad-hoc networks (MANETs), since mobile nodes are battery powered. Furthermore, replacing or recharging batteries is often impossible in critical environments such as in military or rescue missions. In a MANET, the energy depletion of a node does not affect the node itself only, but the overall network lifetime. In this paper, we present multipath and energy-aware on demand source routing (MEA-DSR) protocol, which exploits route diversity and information about batteries-energy levels for balancing energy consumption between mobile nodes. Simulation results, have shown that MEA-DSR protocol is more energy efficient than DSR in almost mobility scenarios.

Chettibi, Saloua

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

GEAMS: a Greedy Energy-Aware Multipath Stream-based Routing Protocol for WMSNs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Because sensor nodes operate on power limited batteries, sensor functionalities have to be designed carefully. In particular, designing energy-efficient packet forwarding is important to maximize the lifetime of the network and to minimize the power usage at each node. This paper presents a Geographic Energy-Aware Multipath Stream-based (GEAMS) routing protocol for WMSNs. GEAMS routing decisions are made online, at each forwarding node in such a way that there is no need to global topology knowledge and maintenance. GEAMS routing protocol performs load-balancing to minimize energy consumption among nodes using twofold policy: (1) smart greedy forwarding and (2) walking back forwarding. Performances evaluations of GEAMS show that it can maximize the network lifetime and guarantee quality of service for video stream transmission in WMSNs.

Medjiah, Samir; Krief, Francine; 10.1109/GIIS.2009.5307078

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Deadlock-free class routes for collective communications embedded in a multi-dimensional torus network  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A computer implemented method and a system for routing data packets in a multi-dimensional computer network. The method comprises routing a data packet among nodes along one dimension towards a root node, each node having input and output communication links, said root node not having any outgoing uplinks, and determining at each node if the data packet has reached a predefined coordinate for the dimension or an edge of the subrectangle for the dimension, and if the data packet has reached the predefined coordinate for the dimension or the edge of the subrectangle for the dimension, determining if the data packet has reached the root node, and if the data packet has not reached the root node, routing the data packet among nodes along another dimension towards the root node.

Chen, Dong; Eisley, Noel A.; Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard; Heidelberger, Philip

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

490

alfven wave reflection: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

viscosity and the magnetic diffusivity of the fluid, also known as the magnetic Prandtl number Pm. In the special case Pm1, there is no reflection on an insulating, no-slip...

491

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS, II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GREEN FUNCTIONS ASSOCIATED TO COMPLEX REFLECTION GROUPS, II University of Tokyo Noda, Chiba 278-8510, Japan Abstract. Green functions and Hall-Littlewoo* *d functions associated to W are introduced, and Green functions are described

Shoj, Toshiaki

492

Anti-reflective nanoporous silicon for efficient hydrogen production  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Exemplary embodiments are disclosed of anti-reflective nanoporous silicon for efficient hydrogen production by photoelectrolysis of water. A nanoporous black Si is disclosed as an efficient photocathode for H.sub.2 production from water splitting half-reaction.

Oh, Jihun; Branz, Howard M

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

493

Reflective Middleware Solutions for Context-Aware Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reflective Middleware Solutions for Context-Aware Applications Licia Capra, Wolfgang Emmerich and Cecilia Mascolo Dept. of Computer Science University College London Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK {L.Capra|W.Emmerich

Emmerich, Wolfgang

494

Reflection High-Energy Electron Diffraction Beam-Induced Structural...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Beam-Induced Structural and Property Changes on WO3 Thin Films. Reflection High-Energy Electron Diffraction Beam-Induced Structural and Property Changes on WO3 Thin...

495

Image statistics and the perception of surface reflectance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Humans are surprisingly good at judging the reflectance of complex surfaces even when the surfaces are viewed in isolation, contrary to the Gelb effect. We argue that textural cues are important for this task. Traditional ...

Sharan, Lavanya

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Reflective Interfaces : assisting teens with stressful situations online  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents the concept of Reflective Interfaces, a novel approach to user experience design that promotes positive behavioral norms. Traditional interface design methodologies such as User Centered Design are ...

Jones, Birago (Birago Korayga)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Quantum field theoretical description for the reflectivity of graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the polarization tensor of graphene at nonzero temperature in (2+1)-dimensional space-time. The obtained tensor coincides with the previously known one at all Matsubara frequencies, but, in contrast to it, admits analytic continuation to the real frequency axis satisfying all physical requirements. Using the obtained representation for the polarization tensor, we develope quantum field theoretical description for the reflectivity of graphene. The analytic asymptotic expressions for the reflection coefficients and reflectivities at low and high frequencies are derived for both independent polarizations of the electromagnetic field. The dependencies of reflectivities on the frequency and angle of incidence are investigated. Numerical computations using the exact expressions for the polarization tensor are performed and application regions for the analytic asymptotic results are determined.

Bordag, M; Mostepanenko, V M; Petrov, V M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Mirror contamination and secondary electron effects during EUV reflectivity analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under Extreme Environment, School of Nuclear Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 and subsequent EUV reflectivity loss using the IMPACT facility at Purdue University. Because Ru can either

Harilal, S. S.

499

Reflective Cracking Study: HVS Test Section Forensic Investigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the asphalt concrete. Summary of Testing on the Underlyingtesting performed to validate Caltrans overlay strategies for the rehabilitation of cracked asphalt concrete.concrete. It describes the forensic investigation of the HVS rutting and reflective cracking testing

Jones, David; Steven, B.; Harvey, John T

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Active Reflection Absorption for a Three Dimensional Multidirectional Wave Generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACTIVE REFLECTION ABSORPTION FOR A THREE DIMENSIONAL MULTIDIRECTIONAL WAVE GENERATOR A Dissertation by OSCAR CRUZ CASTRO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2009 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering ACTIVE REFLECTION ABSORPTION FOR A THREE DIMENSIONAL MULTIDIRECTIONAL WAVE GENERATOR A Dissertation by OSCAR CRUZ CASTRO Submitted...

Cruz Castro, Oscar

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z