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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

220 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per...

2

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

250 Energy Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons...

3

Table 31. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly February 2012 76 Table 31. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State

4

MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

MTBE, Oxygenates, and MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline Contents * Introduction * Federal gasoline product quality regulations * What are oxygenates? * Who gets gasoline with oxygenates? * Which areas get MTBE? * How much has been invested in MTBE production capacity? * What does new Ethanol capacity cost? * What would an MTBE ban cost? * On-line information resources * Endnotes * Summary of revisions to this analysis Introduction The blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into motor gasoline has increased dramatically since it was first produced 20 years ago. MTBE usage grew in the early 1980's in response to octane demand resulting initially from the phaseout of lead from gasoline and later from rising demand for premium gasoline. The oxygenated gasoline program stimulated an

5

Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

17 U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly February 2012 Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type

6

Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

17 U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly December 2013 Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales ...

7

U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Motor Gasoline Regular Gasoline Midgrade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Oxygenated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Product: Motor Gasoline Regular Gasoline Midgrade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Oxygenated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Sales to End Users, Total 28,179.6 24,384.0 24,143.9 23,567.1 24,120.5 23,282.9 1983-2013 Through Retail Outlets 26,507.1 22,632.7 22,641.3 22,038.2 22,474.5 21,660.0 1983-2013 Sales for Resale, Total NA NA NA NA NA NA 1983-2013 DTW 24,954.1 29,704.3 30,138.3 29,222.8 30,011.9 28,880.3 1994-2013 Rack 236,373.7 242,166.6 243,892.5 243,789.7 248,761.4 237,431.5 1994-2013

8

Fuel and oxygen addition for metal smelting or refining process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A furnace for smelting iron ore and/or refining molten iron is equipped with an overhead pneumatic lance, through which a center stream of particulate coal is ejected at high velocity into a slag layer. An annular stream of nitrogen or argon enshrouds the coal stream. Oxygen is simultaneously ejected in an annular stream encircling the inert gas stream. The interposition of the inert gas stream between the coal and oxygen streams prevents the volatile matter in the coal from combusting before it reaches the slag layer. Heat of combustion is thus more efficiently delivered to the slag, where it is needed to sustain the desired reactions occurring there. A second stream of lower velocity oxygen can be delivered through an outermost annulus to react with carbon monoxide gas rising from slag layer, thereby adding still more heat to the furnace. 7 figs.

Schlichting, M.R.

1994-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

9

Refiner and Blender Inputs of Motor Gasoline Blending Components  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Finished motor gasoline ...

10

Refiner and Blender Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Finished motor gasoline ...

11

,"U.S. Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes" Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Products for Refiner Gasoline Volumes",1,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Data 2","by Grade",3,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Data 3","by Formulation",3,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1994" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls"

12

,"U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Sales Volumes" Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes",6,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_c_nus_epm0_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

13

Process Refinements - Accounting for Motor-Fuel Losses  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accounting for Motor-Fuel Losses Accounting for Motor-Fuel Losses Motor fuel may be lost by leakage from storage tanks, spillage, fire, or other means; in addition, measurement differences brought about by temperature or other conditions and meter faults can result in apparent losses. Because this lost fuel is neither consumed on the highway nor used for off-highway purposes, it presents a problem for determining the appropriate base for taxation. In the past, FHWA allowed States to report actual losses or a percentage loss, which was capped at 1%. Usage data for States that did not report losses were not adjusted by FHWA to account for losses. In addition, diesel losses were not considered significant and were not counted. During the reassessment meetings and in the Federal Register notice of August 17, 2000, it was recommended that actual diesel losses also be documented and reported. However, because diesel reporting accounts for actual on-highway fuel use, a reporting of diesel losses is unnecessary.

14

Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

33.9 215.8 9.7 10.0 12.1 16.3 0.0 28.4 See footnotes at end of table. 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 14 Energy Information Administration ...

15

Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

35.2 213.6 9.5 9.8 12.9 16.6 NA 29.5 See footnotes at end of table. 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type 14 Energy Information Administration ...

16

Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

61.5 67.3 89.8 89.5 82.2 69.4 71.1 74.9 See footnotes at end of table. 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 12 Energy Information Administration ...

17

Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

62.2 68.5 90.1 89.6 82.4 70.9 NA 75.9 See footnotes at end of table. 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type 12 Energy Information Administration ...

18

,"Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes",60,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refmg_a_epm0_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refmg_a_epm0_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

19

Lance for fuel and oxygen injection into smelting or refining furnace  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A furnace for smelting iron ore and/or refining molten iron is equipped with an overhead pneumatic lance, through which a center stream of particulate coal is ejected at high velocity into a slag layer. An annular stream of nitrogen or argon enshrouds the coal stream. Oxygen is simultaneously ejected in an annular stream encircling the inert gas stream. The interposition of the inert gas stream between the coal and oxygen streams prevents the volatile matter in the coal from combusting before it reaches the slag layer. Heat of combustion is thus more efficiently delivered to the slag, where it is needed to sustain the desired reactions occurring there. A second stream of lower velocity oxygen can be delivered through an outermost annulus to react with carbon monoxide gas rising from slag layer, thereby adding still more heat to the furnace. 7 figures.

Schlichting, M.R.

1994-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

20

U.S. Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Total Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Total DTW Rack Bulk Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Total Through Retail Outlets Sales for Resale, Total DTW Rack Bulk Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Motor Gasoline 28,179.6 24,384.0 24,143.9 23,567.1 24,120.5 23,282.9 1983-2013 by Grade Regular 23,757.8 20,526.5 20,356.1 19,806.6 20,240.9 19,586.1 1983-2013 Midgrade 1,876.1 1,545.0 1,534.8 1,527.0 1,561.5 1,484.7 1988-2013 Premium 2,545.7 2,312.4 2,252.9 2,233.5 2,318.1 2,212.1 1983-2013 by Formulation Conventional 16,716.2 14,277.3 13,878.1 13,588.6 14,053.9 13,516.9 1994-2013 Oxygenated - - - - - - 1994-2013

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline (Released in the STEO October 1999)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into motor gasoline has increased dramatically since it was first produced 20 years ago. MTBE usage grew in the early 1980's in response to octane demand resulting initially from the phaseout of lead from gasoline and later from rising demand for premium gasoline. The oxygenated gasoline program stimulated an increase in MTBE production between 1990 and 1994. MTBE demand increased from 83,000 in 1990 to 161,000 barrels per day in 1994. The reformulated gasoline (RFG) program provided a further boost to oxygenate blending. The MTBE contained in motor gasoline increased to 269,000 barrels per day by 1997.

Information Center

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Evaluation of ASD Systems for Electric Arc Furnace and Argon Oxygen Decarburization Refiner Baghouse Fans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An adjustable speed drive (ASD) offers opportunities to operate dust collection fans in a more energy efficient manner. This report focuses on the system requirements and provides a method for successfully applying ASDs to dust extraction baghouse systems in a steel melting and refining application in order to realize full energy savings and operational improvements.

1998-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

23

Table 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... 7.5 7.8 21.1 10.8 2.1 34.0 1.5 1.5 5.1 W W 7.0 November ................... 9.7 10.0 25.5 15.1 2.3 43.0 1.9 2.0 6.1 W W 8.4 December ................... 10.0 10.3 25.8 14.6 2.7 43.1 2.0 2.0 6.0 W W 8.3 1993 ............................... - - - - - - - - - - - -

24

Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January ....................... 69.0 68.4 60.0 51.0 45.4 56.3 78.0 77.3 65.7 54.8 W 62.7 February ..................... 68.3 67.8 60.1 53.2 48.7 57.8 78.1 77.4 65.9 56.8 W 63.7 March .......................... 71.0 70.2 62.6 54.1 46.9 59.1 80.4 79.5 65.7 57.1 W 63.8 April ............................ 66.5 66.0 60.8 54.4 49.6 58.3 80.1 79.6 66.5 57.9 W 64.7 May ............................. 70.6 70.5 61.9 61.1 - 61.6 82.5 82.5 W W - 58.8 June ............................ 71.9 71.9 W 64.9 - 63.8 W W W W - W July ............................. 75.1 75.1 W 70.0 W 67.4 W W W W - W August ........................ 81.9 81.8 67.6 75.7 W 70.0 W 98.1 - 69.4 - 69.4 September .................. 80.9 80.5 74.1 65.4 54.6 67.8 94.1 93.5 77.1 62.1 W 71.6 October ....................... 78.7 78.3 73.5 63.7 57.8 69.5 89.5 89.2

25

Table 11. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 1996 ................................ 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.9 W 5.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 - 0.9 1997 January ....................... 3.7 3.7 2.9 4.5 - 7.4 0.8 0.8 W 0.5 - 1.1 February ..................... 3.6 3.7 2.9 4.2 - 7.1 0.7 0.7 W 0.5 - 1.0 March .......................... 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.3 - 4.1 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 - 0.6 April ............................ 0.9 0.9 0.5 1.6 - 2.1 0.2 0.2 W 0.2 - 0.3 May ............................. 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.7 - 2.7 0.2 0.2 W 0.2 - 0.3 June ............................ 1.5 1.6 1.0 1.8 - 2.8 0.3 0.3 W 0.2 - 0.4 July ............................. 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.8 - 2.8 0.2 0.2 W 0.2 - 0.4 August ........................ 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.9 - 2.8 0.2 0.2 W 0.2 - 0.4 September .................. 1.6 1.6 1.3 2.4 - 3.7 0.2 0.2 W 0.4 - 0.6 October ....................... 2.1 2.2 2.0 4.2 - 6.3 0.4 0.4 W 0.7 - 1.1

26

Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... 78.0 77.4 70.6 61.2 53.1 66.5 84.5 83.7 75.1 63.7 W 71.9 November ................... 75.9 75.3 66.8 55.2 47.0 61.6 85.0 84.2 72.1 58.4 W 68.3 December ................... 71.5 70.9 62.2 48.2 42.7 56.2 80.7 79.9 68.1

27

Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ....................... 76.6 76.4 69.5 60.6 56.1 64.7 85.7 85.6 74.4 64.0 - 70.0 February ..................... 76.2 76.1 69.9 62.8 55.2 66.0 86.3 86.2 73.4 65.3 - 69.2 March .......................... 77.3 77.2 72.4 65.1 - 68.9 85.7 85.6 75.1 66.1 - 70.0 April ............................ 83.4 83.4 76.7 67.9 - 71.5 91.1 90.9 W 69.7 - 73.8 May ............................. 89.0 88.8 80.4 71.8 - 75.2 95.4 95.3 W 73.5 - 77.7 June ............................ 90.7 90.7 80.4 66.5 - 71.9 97.6 97.4 W 68.7 - 75.0 July ............................. 88.1 88.1 77.9 62.6 - 68.5 92.4 92.4 W 63.9 - 69.6 August ........................ 84.8 84.8 76.8 63.7 - 68.7 87.7 87.6 W 65.3 - 69.8 September .................. 83.4 83.1 74.3 66.4 69.3 69.4 85.2 85.1 75.6 69.1 - 72.4 October ....................... 75.6 75.3

28

Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ....................... 76.3 76.0 70.4 61.4 W 65.6 84.0 83.8 76.0 64.8 - 72.0 February ..................... 77.6 77.4 72.3 64.4 - 68.2 85.7 85.7 78.4 67.4 - 74.2 March .......................... 84.7 84.4 79.5 72.2 W 75.8 90.8 90.8 85.3 74.5 - 81.4 April ............................ 94.0 93.6 87.2 76.1 - 80.0 101.6 101.6 93.6 77.3 - 86.2 May ............................. 99.1 98.6 94.3 76.1 - 82.3 108.1 107.9 99.8 77.3 - 88.1 June ............................ 97.9 97.5 NA 76.5 - 82.3 105.7 105.7 98.3 77.4 - 87.6 July ............................. 95.8 95.4 NA 75.0 - 80.6 103.7 103.6 96.5 76.0 - 85.9 August ........................ 97.2 96.8 NA 78.1 - 83.2 104.3 104.3 NA 79.8 - 87.9 September .................. 97.8 97.3 88.4 79.7 - 83.2 104.5 104.4 94.1 82.5 - 88.4 October .......................

29

Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

77.7 - 80.7 100.9 100.9 W 80.7 - 85.0 March ... 92.4 92.1 86.4 75.4 - 80.4 100.7 100.7 90.9 76.7 - 85.5 April ... 88.7 88.4 82.1...

30

Table 10. U.S. Refiner Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- - - - - - - - October ... 78.0 77.4 70.6 61.2 53.1 66.5 84.5 83.7 75.1 63.7 W 71.9 November ... 75.9 75.3 66.8 55.2 47.0 61.6 85.0 84.2 72.1...

31

Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Environmental Regulations and Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations By Tancred C.M. Lidderdale Contents * Introduction * Motor Gasoline Summer Volatility (RVP) Regulations o Table 1. Summer Volatility Regulations for Motor Gasoline o Table 2. Refinery Inputs and Production of Normal Butane o Figure 1. Refinery Inputs and Production of Normal Butane o Table 3. Price Relationship Between Normal Butane and Motor Gasoline o Table 4. Market Price Premium for Low Vapor Pressure (RVP) Gasoline * Oxygenate Content of Motor Gasoline o Figure 2. Oxygenate Content of Motor Gasoline o Table 5. Oxygenated and Conventional Motor Gasoline Price Relationship o Table 6. Reformulated and Conventional Motor Gasoline Price Relationship o Figure 3. Price Differences Between RFG or MTBE and Conventional Gasoline

32

Worldwide refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data are presented on refining capacity by country and by company within each country. Capacity data are divided into the following processes: vacuum distillation, thermal operations, catalytic cracking, catalytic reforming, catalytic hydrocracking, catalytic hydrorefining, and catalytic hydrotreating. Production capacity is divided into: alkylation/polymerization/dimerization; aromatics/isomerization; lubricants; oxygenates; hydrogen; petroleum coke; and asphalts.

NONE

1995-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

33

Plant for producing an oxygen-containing additive as an ecologically beneficial component for liquid motor fuels  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A plant for producing an oxygen-containing additive for liquid motor fuels comprises an anaerobic fermentation vessel, a gasholder, a system for removal of sulphuretted hydrogen, and a hotwell. The plant further comprises an aerobic fermentation vessel, a device for liquid substance pumping, a device for liquid aeration with an oxygen-containing gas, a removal system of solid mass residue after fermentation, a gas distribution device; a device for heavy gases utilization; a device for ammonia adsorption by water; a liquid-gas mixer; a cavity mixer, a system that serves superficial active and dispersant matters and a cooler; all of these being connected to each other by pipelines. The technical result being the implementation of a process for producing an oxygen containing additive, which after being added to liquid motor fuels, provides an ecologically beneficial component for motor fuels by ensuring the stability of composition fuel properties during long-term storage.

Siryk, Yury Paul; Balytski, Ivan Peter; Korolyov, Volodymyr George; Klishyn, Olexiy Nick; Lnianiy, Vitaly Nick; Lyakh, Yury Alex; Rogulin, Victor Valery

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

34

Refining Cups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For use with AOCS Official Method Ca-9a 52. Refining Cups Lab Supplies Lab Supplies Series Methods Refining Cup - 960 mL For use with AOCS Official Method Ca-9a 52. E5323FF88E60507DAA8DE2F0F507CB97 014 1878

35

Weekly U.S. Refiner and Blender Adjusted Net Production of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly U.S. Refiner and Blender Adjusted Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline (Thousand Barrels per Day)

36

Impacts of Motor Vehicle Operation on Water Quality in the United States - Clean-up Costs and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

improperly discharged used motor oil pollute streams, lakes,refined products such as motor oil and gasoline are moreeasily. Third, used motor oil often contains contaminants,

Nixon, Hilary; Saphores, Jean-Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Grain Refining Aluminum Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

He has had responsibility within Alcoa for optimizing grain refining and alloying ... of grain refinement; Methods of grain refining; Attributes of chemical inoculants...

38

Worldwide refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper consists of several tables compiling data on refinery capacities by country, by state, and by company. The capacity data are given by process as well as by final product. Processes include vacuum distillation, thermal operations, catalytic cracking, catalytic reforming, catalytic hydrocracking, catalytic hydrorefining, and catalytic hydrotreating. Products include alkylates, polymers, and dimers; aromatics and isomers; oxygenates; hydrogen; asphalts; and coke.

Williamson, M.

1994-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

39

Copper Refining Electrolyte Purification by the Use of Molecular ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Copper Refining Electrolyte Purification by the Use of Molecular ... An Experimental Study of Chemical Oxygen Demand Removal from the...

40

Weekly Refiner Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Net Production Refiner Net Production (Thousand Barrels per Day) Period: Weekly 4-Week Average Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Product/Region 11/08/13 11/15/13 11/22/13 11/29/13 12/06/13 12/13/13 View History Finished Motor Gasoline 2,168 2,300 2,336 2,359 2,462 2,368 2010-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 54 53 52 67 71 67 2010-2013 Midwest (PADD 2) 696 745 722 711 798 790 2010-2013 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 891 916 1,010 1,053 1,011 1,021 2010-2013 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 260 248 245 232 279 235 2010-2013 West Coast (PADD 5) 268 338 308 296 302 255 2010-2013 Reformulated 50 49 49 49 48 49 2010-2013 Blended with Ethanol 50 49 49 49 48 49 2010-2013 Other

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

North Dakota Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

42

California Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

43

Texas Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

44

New Jersey Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

45

Michigan Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

46

Liquid Fuel From Bacteria: Engineering Ralstonia eutropha for Production of Isobutanol (IBT) Motor Fuel from CO2, Hydrogen, and Oxygen  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrofuels Project: MIT is using solar-derived hydrogen and common soil bacteria called Ralstonia eutropha to turn carbon dioxide (CO2) directly into biofuel. This bacteria already has the natural ability to use hydrogen and CO2 for growth. MIT is engineering the bacteria to use hydrogen to convert CO2 directly into liquid transportation fuels. Hydrogen is a flammable gas, so the MIT team is building an innovative reactor system that will safely house the bacteria and gas mixture during the fuel-creation process. The system will pump in precise mixtures of hydrogen, oxygen, and CO2, and the online fuel-recovery system will continuously capture and remove the biofuel product.

None

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

Evaluating High Efficiency Motor Retrofit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the petrochemical and refining Industries, and most manufacturing plants, the reliable operation of AC motors always has been crucial to the continuous operation of the process. Now, the cost of operating these motors has also become a significant factor. Engineers Involved In motor specification can help lower plant operating costs and reduce electrical energy consumption dramatically by a relatively simple technique: retrofit of existing, standard-efficiency motors with new, high efficiency models. This article demonstrates strong reasons for motor retrofit, and explains step-by step how process and manufacturing engineering personnel can fully evaluate a retrofit decision.

Evans, T. A.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Refining and Characterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 13, 2012 ... Solar Cell Silicon: Refining and Characterization .... Silicon PV Wafers: Correlation of Mechanical Properties and Crack Propagation with...

49

Impacts of motor vehicle operation on water quality - Clean-up Costs and Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and recycling. API used motor oil FAQs. Available from:improperly discharged used motor oil pollute streams, lakes,refined products such as motor oil and gasoline are more

Nixon, Hilary; Saphores, Jean-Daniel M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

The Allocation of the Social Costs of Motor-Vehicle Use to Six Classes of Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

motor gasoline was $0.957/gallon in 1987, and $1.196 in 1991, including taxes (tax price of gasoline sold by service stations owned by refining companies with the sales- weighted average retail of all motor

Delucchi, Mark A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Introducing backward refinement into B  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The B Method exploits a direct first-order wp predicate-transformer formulation of downward simulation to generate its proof obligations for a refinement, so B's notion of refinement is restricted to that of forward refinement. Therefore some refinements ...

Steve Dunne

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Biocatalysis in Oil Refining  

SciTech Connect

Biocatalysis in Oil Refining focuses on petroleum refining bioprocesses, establishing a connection between science and technology. The micro organisms and biomolecules examined for biocatalytic purposes for oil refining processes are thoroughly detailed. Terminology used by biologists, chemists and engineers is brought into a common language, aiding the understanding of complex biological-chemical-engineering issues. Problems to be addressed by the future R&D activities and by new technologies are described and summarized in the last chapter.

Borole, Abhijeet P [ORNL; Ramirez-Corredores, M. M. [BP Global Fuels Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Refining of shale oil  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The refining of shale oil is reviewed to assess the current state-of-the-art, especially as to the avaiability of technology suitable for operation on a commercial scale. Oil shale retorting processes as they affect the quality of the crude shale oil for refining, exploratory research on the character and refining of shale oil, and other published refining background leading to the present status are discussed. The initial refining of shale oil requires the removal of a large concentration of nitrogen, an added step not required for typical petroleum crude oils, and recently published estimates show that the total cost of refining will be high. Specific technoloy is reported by industry to be technically proven and available for commercial-scale refining. Although the refining will be more costly than that of petroleum, the viability of a shale oil industry will also be affected greatly by the technology and costs of producing the crude shale oil, environmental costs, and future price and tax treatment, and these are outside the scope of this study of refining.

Lanning, W.C.

1978-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Volume Refinement Fairing Isosurfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose an interpolating refinement method for two- and three-dimensional scalar fields defined on hexahedral grids. Iterative fairing of the underlying contours (isosurfaces) provides the function values of new grid points. Our method can be considered ... Keywords: adaptive mesh refinement, isosurfaces, subdivision, variational modeling, volume fairing

Martin Bertram

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Optimal refinement of rule bases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a formal analysis of the rule refinement selection problem. There is no satisfactory methodical standard for the optimal refinement of rule bases. Current refinement systems select the best overall rule base refinements out of a ... Keywords: Rule base validation, complex gain calculation, conflicting and alternative rule refinements, evaluation of safety-critical knowledge bases, optimal refinement selection, rule refinement classes, subsumption and synergy

Hans-Werner Kelbassa

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

171 Emissions related to the use of lubricating oil by motoruse of lubricating oil by motor vehicles The LEM estimatesoil refining to gasoline), the efficiency of fuel use by motor

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

171 Emissions related to the use of lubricating oil by motoruse of lubricating oil by motor vehicles The LEM estimatesoil refining to gasoline), the efficiency of fuel use by motor

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

REFINING FLUORINATED COMPOUNDS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to the method of refining a liquid perfluorinated hydrocarbon oil containing fluorocarbons from 12 to 28 carbon atoms per molecule by distilling between 150 deg C and 300 deg C at 10 mm Hg absolute pressure. The perfluorinated oil is washed with a chlorinated lower aliphatic hydrocarbon, which mairtains a separate liquid phase when mixed with the oil. Impurities detrimental to the stability of the oil are extracted by the chlorinated lower aliphatic hydrocarbon. (AEC)

Linch, A.L.

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Developing security protocols by refinement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a development method for security protocols based on stepwise refinement. Our refinement strategy guides the transformation of abstract security goals into protocols that are secure when operating over an insecure channel controlled by a Dolev-Yao-style ... Keywords: entity authentication, formal development, key establishment, security protocols, stepwise refinement

Christoph Sprenger; David Basin

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Minimally refined biomass fuel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A minimally refined fluid composition, suitable as a fuel mixture and derived from biomass material, is comprised of one or more water-soluble carbohydrates such as sucrose, one or more alcohols having less than four carbons, and water. The carbohydrate provides the fuel source; water solubilizes the carbohydrates; and the alcohol aids in the combustion of the carbohydrate and reduces the vicosity of the carbohydrate/water solution. Because less energy is required to obtain the carbohydrate from the raw biomass than alcohol, an overall energy savings is realized compared to fuels employing alcohol as the primary fuel.

Pearson, Richard K. (Pleasanton, CA); Hirschfeld, Tomas B. (Livermore, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline 1995  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline 1995 by Tancred Lidderdale* Provisions of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 designed to reduce ground-level ozone will increase the demand for reformulated motor gaso- line in a number of U.S. metropolitan areas. Refor- mulated motor gasoline is expected to constitute about one-third of total motor gasoline demand in 1995, and refiners will have to change plant opera- tions and modify equipment in order to meet the higher demand. The costs incurred are expected to create a wholesale price premium for reformu- lated motor gasoline of up to 4.0 cents per gallon over the price of conventional motor gasoline. This article discusses the effects of the new regulations on the motor gasoline market and the refining

62

1996 worldwide refining survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data are presented on the capacity of refineries for the following processes: vacuum distillation, coking, catalytic cracking, catalytic reforming, catalytic hydrocracking, catalytic hydrorefining, and catalytic hydrotreating. Production capacities are also noted for alkylation, polymerization/dimerization, aromatics, isomerization, lubricants, oxygenates, hydrogen, coke, sulfur, and asphalts. Country totals are given, as well as the data for individual companies within each country, state, or province.

NONE

1996-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

63

Refines Efficiency Improvement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Refinery processes that convert heavy oils to lighter distillate fuels require heating for distillation, hydrogen addition or carbon rejection (coking). Efficiency is limited by the formation of insoluble carbon-rich coke deposits. Heat exchangers and other refinery units must be shut down for mechanical coke removal, resulting in a significant loss of output and revenue. When a residuum is heated above the temperature at which pyrolysis occurs (340 C, 650 F), there is typically an induction period before coke formation begins (Magaril and Aksenova 1968, Wiehe 1993). To avoid fouling, refiners often stop heating a residuum before coke formation begins, using arbitrary criteria. In many cases, this heating is stopped sooner than need be, resulting in less than maximum product yield. Western Research Institute (WRI) has developed innovative Coking Index concepts (patent pending) which can be used for process control by refiners to heat residua to the threshold, but not beyond the point at which coke formation begins when petroleum residua materials are heated at pyrolysis temperatures (Schabron et al. 2001). The development of this universal predictor solves a long standing problem in petroleum refining. These Coking Indexes have great potential value in improving the efficiency of distillation processes. The Coking Indexes were found to apply to residua in a universal manner, and the theoretical basis for the indexes has been established (Schabron et al. 2001a, 2001b, 2001c). For the first time, a few simple measurements indicates how close undesired coke formation is on the coke formation induction time line. The Coking Indexes can lead to new process controls that can improve refinery distillation efficiency by several percentage points. Petroleum residua consist of an ordered continuum of solvated polar materials usually referred to as asphaltenes dispersed in a lower polarity solvent phase held together by intermediate polarity materials usually referred to as resins. The Coking Indexes focus on the amount of these intermediate polarity species since coke formation begins when these are depleted. Currently the Coking Indexes are determined by either titration or solubility measurements which must be performed in a laboratory. In the current work, various spectral, microscopic, and thermal techniques possibly leading to on-line analysis were explored for measuring the Coking Indexes.

WRI

2002-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

64

Process for electroslag refining of uranium and uranium alloys  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is described for electroslag refining of uranium and uranium alloys wherein molten uranium and uranium alloys are melted in a molten layer of a fluoride slag containing up to about 8 weight percent calcium metal. The calcium metal reduces oxides in the uranium and uranium alloys to provide them with an oxygen content of less than 100 parts per million. (auth)

Lewis, P.S. Jr.; Agee, W.A.; Bullock, J.S. IV; Condon, J.B.

1975-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

65

Refiner Wholesale Price ...........................  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices (cents per gallon) Prices (cents per gallon) Refiner Wholesale Price ........................... 297 299 302 275 289 290 288 262 275 289 280 257 293 282 276 Gasoline Regular Grade Retail Prices Including Taxes PADD 1 .................................................... 363 366 364 355 361 350 355 331 341 355 347 327 362 349 343 PADD 2 .................................................... 355 366 369 340 350 368 352 318 334 355 346 318 357 347 338 PADD 3 .................................................... 346 353 345 326 339 336 337 307 323 341 329 305 343 330 325 PADD 4 .................................................... 322 374 358 348 323 361 362 326 322 351 348 322 351 344 337 PADD 5 .................................................... 390 413 390 384 382 390 385 355 362 384 379 356 394 378 371 U.S. Average ........................................

66

Carbon Emissions: Petroleum Refining Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy-Related Carbon Emissions for the Petroleum and Coal Products Industry, 1994. Petroleum refining is by far the largest component of the petroleum and ...

67

Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

28,179.6 24,384.0 24,143.9 23,567.1 24,120.5 23,282.9 1983-2013 28,179.6 24,384.0 24,143.9 23,567.1 24,120.5 23,282.9 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 7,388.3 7,633.2 7,424.0 7,266.3 7,278.4 6,996.8 1993-2013 New England (PADD 1A) W W W W W W 1993-2013 Connecticut W W W W W W 1993-2013 Maine - - - - - - 1993-2013 Massachusetts W W W W W W 1993-2013 New Hampshire W W W W W W 1993-2013 Rhode Island W W W W W W 1993-2013 Vermont - - - - - - 1993-2013 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 4,037.6 4,235.4 4,284.8 4,251.9 4,152.3 3,982.5 1993-2013 Delaware W W W W W W 1993-2013 District of Columbia W W W - W W 1993-2013 Maryland W W W W W W 1993-2013 New Jersey W W W W W W 1993-2013 New York 2,402.7 2,514.6 2,563.6 2,537.4 2,464.5 2,368.9 1993-2013 Pennsylvania W W 762.9 773.0 767.2 732.1 1993-2013

68

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8,502.8 8,502.8 30,091.1 22,860.9 121,863.2 24,529.2 169,253.3 7,955.3 8,081.1 12,658.5 10,618.5 1,152.7 24,429.7 February ............................. 33,160.7 35,054.9 31,625.2 135,105.9 26,023.8 192,754.9 5,205.4 5,273.9 5,951.6 5,714.2 333.0 11,998.8 March .................................. 37,159.8 39,011.8 35,012.6 142,409.7 27,404.1 204,826.5 2,090.0 2,127.2 2,619.4 2,344.1 - 4,963.5 April .................................... 38,869.0 40,735.1 36,827.8 142,606.1 26,540.1 205,973.9 568.3 580.0 980.8 1,461.1 - 2,442.0 May ..................................... 39,582.4 41,396.9 37,319.3 150,843.9 27,558.2 215,721.4 573.6 584.7 957.5 1,537.7 - 2,495.2 June .................................... 40,991.9 42,912.3 37,954.3 156,346.5 32,447.1 226,747.9 591.6 592.0 990.8 1,609.0 -

69

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

220.9 220.9 31,104.3 23,193.9 128,995.0 28,849.6 181,038.6 5,089.3 5,164.2 4,062.8 5,720.8 - 9,783.6 February ............................. 31,284.4 33,213.6 24,062.8 134,673.5 33,175.3 191,911.6 4,908.5 4,980.9 4,025.8 5,317.8 - 9,343.6 March .................................. 34,100.8 36,002.0 25,985.0 139,340.5 30,160.8 195,486.2 2,710.3 2,764.7 2,622.6 2,796.9 - 5,419.5 April .................................... 35,684.3 37,877.0 27,895.8 146,733.8 29,409.3 204,038.9 1,203.7 1,224.2 652.4 2,016.6 - 2,669.0 May ..................................... 35,150.2 36,866.7 27,401.6 148,271.7 28,449.3 204,122.6 1,711.4 1,730.6 1,284.0 2,091.9 - 3,375.9 June .................................... 36,536.0 38,235.2 27,402.2 151,739.3 24,832.7 203,974.3 1,956.2 1,978.1

70

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4,707.0 4,707.0 35,821.0 18,450.2 130,177.8 22,726.5 171,354.5 3,900.7 3,926.0 4,696.8 7,088.7 - 11,785.5 February ............................. 36,412.6 37,699.7 20,174.0 142,313.8 25,388.9 187,876.8 3,924.9 3,949.8 5,137.3 6,882.9 - 12,020.2 March .................................. 36,632.6 38,121.0 21,255.9 152,151.5 30,915.0 204,322.3 3,382.2 3,401.8 4,711.1 5,122.9 - 9,833.9 April .................................... 37,971.4 39,384.5 23,410.4 155,157.1 40,216.9 218,784.4 1,927.8 1,934.5 1,997.5 3,438.3 - 5,435.9 May ..................................... 37,771.0 39,109.5 22,504.7 154,536.5 34,938.2 211,979.5 1,944.7 1,953.1 1,570.1 3,450.5 - 5,020.5 June .................................... 37,777.7 38,969.0 22,350.8 163,781.5 29,805.1 215,937.4 2,027.1

71

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

161.3 161.3 30,767.0 22,353.2 127,342.1 24,284.9 173,980.2 8,319.4 8,460.9 13,456.3 W W 24,653.0 February ............................. 32,286.1 34,080.3 31,066.3 138,106.2 29,977.1 199,149.6 6,264.3 6,341.7 6,239.1 5,890.3 - 12,129.4 March .................................. 36,529.7 38,362.8 35,134.3 141,063.5 25,588.4 201,786.1 2,972.7 3,032.6 2,589.4 W W 4,958.5 April .................................... 36,904.9 38,994.6 31,715.8 147,020.0 33,979.9 212,715.8 1,558.8 1,592.8 1,049.5 1,668.8 - 2,718.3 May ..................................... 36,751.1 38,541.5 28,743.2 148,337.4 29,640.9 206,721.5 1,299.8 1,333.0 1,005.5 1,838.7 - 2,844.3 June .................................... 37,465.1 39,108.4 28,592.7 147,682.3 36,046.6 212,321.6

72

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3,177.2 3,177.2 34,690.6 19,370.8 133,144.1 32,691.0 185,205.9 4,123.8 4,154.0 3,780.0 6,946.2 - 10,726.2 February ............................. 34,982.2 36,460.3 20,433.1 137,937.1 31,470.5 189,840.6 3,923.6 3,954.4 3,674.9 6,513.4 - 10,188.4 March .................................. 37,598.4 39,137.5 21,474.3 144,372.0 29,697.5 195,543.8 2,947.2 2,972.1 3,243.6 4,126.4 - 7,370.0 April .................................... 34,901.4 36,438.7 22,519.1 148,658.4 39,120.8 210,298.2 2,159.0 2,174.7 1,880.2 3,562.0 - 5,442.2 May ..................................... 35,698.2 37,200.2 22,890.9 150,690.5 35,704.2 209,285.5 2,007.8 2,022.5 1,824.9 3,446.9 - 5,271.8 June .................................... 36,351.1 37,897.0 23,252.4 157,837.8 38,644.7 219,734.8 2,006.0

73

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

161.3 30,767.0 22,353.2 127,342.1 24,284.9 173,980.2 8,319.4 8,460.9 13,456.3 W W 24,653.0 February ... 32,286.1 34,080.3 31,066.3 138,106.2 29,977.1...

74

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W W - 431.3 December ... W 78.1 W 1,202.7 W 1,973.3 W W W W - 456.8 1995 Average ... W 81.8 W 1,146.5 W 2,026.8 W W 252.0 201.3 -...

75

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

37,052.3 38,512.4 20,352.1 143,788.5 25,764.3 189,904.9 3,474.2 3,501.5 4,456.9 7,396.7 - 11,853.6 December ... 37,771.5 39,137.4 20,656.5...

76

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

W 4,496.2 W 7,788.3 128.8 129.1 W W - 1,138.2 December ... 448.7 456.3 W 4,677.2 W 8,688.2 129.3 129.8 657.5 525.4 - 1,182.9 1997 Average...

77

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Reformulated All Formulations Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End...

78

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W W 53.8 W W 62.5 W W 64.6 W W 56.9 July ... W W 51.0 W W 61.2 W W 63.1 W W 54.4 August ... W W 49.3 W W 57.4...

79

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Premium All Grades Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales...

80

Motor Gasoline DTW Refiner Sales Volumes - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

82

Motor Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

57,653.5 55,108.1 49,797.6 44,697.0 39,002.1 29,725.8 1983-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 18,506.0 17,714.6 16,574.2 14,548.8 12,347.0 9,304.0 1994-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2,033.9...

83

California Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

84

North Dakota Sales for Resale, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

85

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Bulk Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

86

U.S. Motor Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

87

Refiner and Blender Net Inputs of Motor Gasoline Blending ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Percent Utilization is ...

88

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

84.5 64.5 69.5 91.7 68.6 71.5 79.7 62.9 62.8 May ... 75.0 59.3 59.3 84.7 63.9 68.7 92.3 68.3 71.2 79.0 60.8 62.1 June ......

89

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

83.0 73.6 72.4 92.4 79.2 79.1 101.0 83.3 84.5 87.2 75.5 75.0 February ... 82.4 72.4 70.4 91.9 78.9 77.5 100.2 84.0 82.6 86.5 74.5 73.0 March...

90

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

70.5 58.3 57.7 79.6 61.2 65.4 88.3 67.0 70.1 75.4 60.0 61.0 February ... 70.5 58.1 58.4 79.8 61.0 66.1 88.4 66.8 70.6 75.5 59.8 61.6 March...

91

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

69.9 56.0 56.4 80.0 58.7 65.2 88.9 64.6 70.0 75.2 57.7 60.0 February ... 68.9 56.1 56.7 78.6 59.5 65.0 87.6 65.4 70.2 74.1 57.9 60.3 March...

92

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1,442.5 1,639.6 1,276.8 330.7 3,247.2 November ... 195.5 197.5 241.1 172.4 - 413.5 1,429.9 1,446.9 1,582.9 1,336.9 173.5 3,093.4 December...

93

Table 44. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Formulation, Sales...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

W 4,596.9 W 5,392.5 July ... - - - - - - 1,222.9 1,241.1 W 4,295.5 W 5,061.9 August ... - - - - - - 1,259.2...

94

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,109.3 - 4,980.7 April ... - 6.9 751.6 454.5 W 1,241.1 - 44.3 2,978.0 2,285.3 W 5,309.5 May ... - W 744.9 W...

95

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,442.5 1,639.6 1,276.8 330.7 3,247.2 November ... 195.5 197.5 241.1 172.4 - 413.5 1,429.9 1,446.9 1,582.9 1,336.9 173.5 3,093.4 December...

96

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

508.8 - 755.9 33.8 33.8 W W - 57.9 October ... 147.9 151.8 241.1 466.1 - 707.2 34.1 34.1 W W - 50.1 November ... 143.0 144.7...

97

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

W 449.6 W W 1,212.7 July ... 16.0 16.1 105.8 135.3 - 241.1 70.0 73.0 439.9 W W 1,120.6 August ... 17.5 17.8 110.8...

98

Motor gasolines, Summer 1982  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The samples were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The analytical data for 796 samples of motor gasoline, were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). They represent the products of 22 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1959. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R + M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.3 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.7 for unleaded 90.0 and above, 89.0 for leaded below 93.0, and no data in this report for 93.0 and above grades of leaded gasoline.

Shelton, E.M.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Grain Refinement in TiC-Ni3Al Composites  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) was to develop composites of TiC-Ni{sub 3}Al with refined grain microstructures for application in diesel engine fuel injection devices. Grain refinement is important for improved wear resistance and high strength for the applications of interest. Attrition milling effectively reduces the initial particle size and leads to a reduction of the final grain size. However, an increase in the oxygen content occurs concomitantly with the grinding operation and decreased densification of the compacts occurs during sintering.

Tiegs, T.N.

2001-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

100

Preservation of probabilistic information flow under refinement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information flow properties, which describe confidentiality requirements, are not generally preserved under behavior refinement. This article describes a formal framework for refinement relations between nondeterministic probabilistic processes that ... Keywords: CSP, Confidentiality, Information flow property, Information theory, Process calculus, Refinement, Security

Thomas Santen

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Nucleic Acid Standards - Refinement Parameters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Refinement Parameters Refinement Parameters The DNA/RNA topology and parameter files for X-PLOR are shown below. These were tested with DNA structures and with protein-DNA complexes. X-PLOR topology file X-PLOR parameter files: X-PLOR parameter file For the refinement of high resolution structures (< 1.7 Angstroms) the parameter file with distinct bond distances and bond angles for both C2'-endo and C3'-endo conformations should be considered: X-PLOR parameter file for high resolution structures "New Parameters for the Refinement of Nucleic Acid Containing Structures." Gary Parkinson, Jaroslav Vojtechovsky, Lester Clowney, Axel Brunger*, and Helen M. Berman. (1996) Acta Cryst. D 52, 57-64 Rutgers University, Department of Chemistry, Piscataway, NJ 08855-0939; *The Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Departments of Molecular and

102

Zone refining of plutonium metal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The zone refining process was applied to Pu metal containing known amounts of impurities. Rod specimens of plutonium metal were melted into and contained in tantalum boats, each of which was passed horizontally through a three-turn, high-frequency coil in such a manner as to cause a narrow molten zone to pass through the Pu metal rod 10 times. The impurity elements Co, Cr, Fe, Ni, Np, U were found to move in the same direction as the molten zone as predicted by binary phase diagrams. The elements Al, Am, and Ga moved in the opposite direction of the molten zone as predicted by binary phase diagrams. As the impurity alloy was zone refined, {delta}-phase plutonium metal crystals were produced. The first few zone refining passes were more effective than each later pass because an oxide layer formed on the rod surface. There was no clear evidence of better impurity movement at the slower zone refining speed. Also, constant or variable coil power appeared to have no effect on impurity movement during a single run (10 passes). This experiment was the first step to developing a zone refining process for plutonium metal.

Blau, M.S.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Indiana, Illinois, and Kentucky Refining District Percent ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Indiana, Illinois, and Kentucky Refining District Percent Utilization of Refinery Operable Capacity (Percent)

104

Advanced Motors  

SciTech Connect

Project Summary Transportation energy usage is predicted to increase substantially by 2020. Hybrid vehicles and fuel cell powered vehicles are destined to become more prominent as fuel prices rise with the demand. Hybrid and fuel cell vehicle platforms are both dependent on high performance electric motors. Electric motors for transportation duty will require sizeable low-speed torque to accelerate the vehicle. As motor speed increases, the torque requirement decreases which results in a nearly constant power motor output. Interior permanent magnet synchronous motors (IPMSM) are well suited for this duty. , , These rotor geometries are configured in straight lines and semi circular arc shapes. These designs are of limited configurations because of the lack of availability of permanent magnets of any other shapes at present. We propose to fabricate rotors via a novel processing approach where we start with magnet powders and compact them into a net shape rotor in a single step. Using this approach, widely different rotor designs can be implemented for efficiency. The current limitation on magnet shape and thickness will be eliminated. This is accomplished by co-filling magnet and soft iron powders at specified locations in intricate shapes using specially designed dies and automatic powder filling station. The process fundamentals for accomplishing occurred under a previous Applied Technology Program titled, ???????????????¢????????????????????????????????Motors and Generators for the 21st Century???????????????¢???????????????????????????????. New efficient motor designs that are not currently possible (or cost prohibitive) can be accomplished by this approach. Such an approach to motor fabrication opens up a new dimension in motor design. Feasibility Results We were able to optimize a IPMSM rotor to take advantage of the powder co-filling and DMC compaction processing methods. The minimum low speed torque requirement of 5 N-m can be met through an optimized design with magnet material having a Br capability of 0.2 T. This level of magnetic performance can be met with a variety of bonded magnet compositions. The torque ripple was found to drop significantly by using thinner magnet segments. The powder co-filling and subsequent compaction processing allow for thinner magnet structures to be formed. Torque ripple can be further reduced by using skewing and pole shaping techniques. The techniques can be incorporated into the rotor during the powder co-filling process.

Knoth, Edward A.; Chelluri, Bhanumathi; Schumaker, Edward J.

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

105

Electronic structure of superconductivity refined  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electronic structure of superconductivity refined Electronic structure of superconductivity refined Electronic structure of superconductivity refined A team of physicists propose a new model that expands on a little understood aspect of the electronic structure in high-temperature superconductors. July 10, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

106

Carbon Emissions: Petroleum Refining Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Petroleum Refining Industry Petroleum Refining Industry Carbon Emissions in the Petroleum Refining Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 2911) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 79.9 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 21.5% -- Nonfuel Emissions: 16.5 MMTC Total First Use of Energy: 6,263 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 28.9% Nonfuel Use of Energy Sources: 3,110 trillion Btu (49.7%) -- Naphthas and Other Oils: 1,328 trillion Btu -- Asphalt and Road Oil: 1,224 trillion Btu -- Lubricants: 416 trillion Btu Carbon Intensity: 12.75 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey", "Monthly Refinery Report" for 1994, and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998.

107

Vacuum State/Refiner/Location  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vacuum Vacuum State/Refiner/Location Barrels per Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity Barrels per Operating Idle Operating Idle Downstream Charge Capacity Thermal Cracking Delayed Fluid Coking Visbreaking Other/Gas Calendar Day Stream Day Distillation Coking Oil Table 3. Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries by State as of January 1, 2013 (Barrels per Stream Day, Except Where Noted) ......................................................... Alabama 120,100 0 130,000 0 48,000 32,000 0 0 0 Goodway Refining LLC 4,100 0 5,000 0 0 0 0 0 0 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................

108

Steel refining with an electrochemical cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus is described for processing a metallic fluid containing iron oxide, container for a molten metal including an electrically conductive refractory disposed for contact with the molten metal which contains iron oxide, an electrolyte in the form of a basic slag on top of the molten metal, an electrode in the container in contact with the slag electrically separated from the refractory, and means for establishing a voltage across the refractory and the electrode to reduce iron oxide to iron at the surface of the refractory in contact with the iron oxide containing fluid. A process is disclosed for refining an iron product containing not more than about 10% by weight oxygen and not more than about 10% by weight sulfur, comprising providing an electrolyte of a slag containing one or more of calcium oxide, magnesium oxide, silica or alumina, providing a cathode of the iron product in contact with the electrolyte, providing an anode in contact with the electrolyte electrically separated from the cathode, and operating an electrochemical cell formed by the anode, the cathode and the electrolyte to separate oxygen or sulfur present in the iron product therefrom. 2 figs.

Blander, M.; Cook, G.M.

1988-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

109

Are Refiners Entering a Golden Age or a Short Cycle?  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Are Refiners Entering a Golden Age or a Short Cycle? Global Refining Strategies 2007 Barcelona, Spain

110

Method for refining contaminated iridium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Contaminated iridium is refined by alloying it with an alloying agent selected from the group consisting of manganese and an alloy of manganese and copper, and then dissolving the alloying agent from the formed alloy to provide a purified iridium powder.

Heshmatpour, Bahman (Waltham, MA); Heestand, Richard L. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Oxygen analyzer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An oxygen analyzer which identifies and classifies microgram quantities of oxygen in ambient particulate matter and for quantitating organic oxygen in solvent extracts of ambient particulate matter. A sample is pyrolyzed in oxygen-free nitrogen gas (N.sub.2), and the resulting oxygen quantitatively converted to carbon monoxide (CO) by contact with hot granular carbon (C). Two analysis modes are made possible: (1) rapid determination of total pyrolyzable oxygen obtained by decomposing the sample at 1135.degree. C., or (2) temperature-programmed oxygen thermal analysis obtained by heating the sample from room temperature to 1135.degree. C. as a function of time. The analyzer basically comprises a pyrolysis tube containing a bed of granular carbon under N.sub.2, ovens used to heat the carbon and/or decompose the sample, and a non-dispersive infrared CO detector coupled to a mini-computer to quantitate oxygen in the decomposition products and control oven heating.

Benner, William H. (Danville, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Refinement of higher-order logic programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A refinement calculus provides a method for transforming specifications to executable code, maintaining the correctness of the code with respect to its specification. In this paper we extend the refinement calculus for logic programs to include higher-order ...

Robert Colvin; Ian Hayes; David Hemer; Paul Strooper

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently, 1995  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This article focuses on the costs of producing RFG as experienced by different types of refiners and on how these refiners fared this past summer, given the prices for RFG at the refinery gate.

John Zyren

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

MotorMaster+ International  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Motors with MotorMaster+ International * Are your plant motor systems running at optimal energy efficiency? * Do you know how to cost-effectively determine whether to repair or...

115

Oxygen analyzer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An oxygen analyzer which identifies and classifies microgram quantities of oxygen in ambient particulate matter and for quantitating organic oxygen in solvent extracts of ambient particulate matter. A sample is pyrolyzed in oxygen-free nitrogen gas (N/sub 2/), and the resulting oxygen quantitatively converted to carbon monoxide (CO) by contact with hot granular carbon (C). Two analysis modes are made possible: (1) rapid determination of total pyrolyzable obtained by decomposing the sample at 1135/sup 0/C, or (2) temperature-programmed oxygen thermal analysis obtained by heating the sample from room temperature to 1135/sup 0/C as a function of time. The analyzer basically comprises a pyrolysis tube containing a bed of granular carbon under N/sub 2/, ovens used to heat the carbon and/or decompose the sample, and a non-dispersive infrared CO detector coupled to a mini-computer to quantitate oxygen in the decomposition products and control oven heating.

Benner, W.H.

1984-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

116

Firing of pulverized solvent refined coal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An air-purged burner for the firing of pulverized solvent refined coal is constructed and operated such that the solvent refined coal can be fired without the coking thereof on the burner components. The air-purged burner is designed for the firing of pulverized solvent refined coal in a tangentially fired boiler.

Derbidge, T. Craig (Sunnyvale, CA); Mulholland, James A. (Chapel Hill, NC); Foster, Edward P. (Macungie, PA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Utah Kerosene Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Kerosene Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes; Utah Kerosene Refiner Sales Volumes; Utah Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels ...

118

Table 40. Refiners Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 40. Refiners Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity as of January 1, 1997 Refiner Barrels per Calendar Day Refiner Barrels per

119

Zone refining of plutonium metal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to investigate zone refining techniques for the purification of plutonium metal. The redistribution of 10 impurity elements from zone melting was examined. Four tantalum boats were loaded with plutonium impurity alloy, placed in a vacuum furnace, heated to 700{degrees}C, and held at temperature for one hour. Ten passes were made with each boat. Metallographic and chemical analyses performed on the plutonium rods showed that, after 10 passes, moderate movement of certain elements were achieved. Molten zone speeds of 1 or 2 inches per hour had no effect on impurity element movement. Likewise, the application of constant or variable power had no effect on impurity movement. The study implies that development of a zone refining process to purify plutonium is feasible. Development of a process will be hampered by two factors: (1) the effect on impurity element redistribution of the oxide layer formed on the exposed surface of the material is not understood, and (2) the tantalum container material is not inert in the presence of plutonium. Cold boat studies are planned, with higher temperature and vacuum levels, to determine the effect on these factors. 5 refs., 1 tab., 5 figs.

NONE

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Development of Ulta-Efficient Electric Motors  

SciTech Connect

Electric motors utilize a large amount of electrical energy in utility and industrial applications. Electric motors constructed with high temperature superconducting (HTS) materials have the potential to dramatically reduce electric motor size and losses. HTS motors are best suited for large motor applications at ratings above 1000 horsepower (hp), where the energy savings from the efficiency improvement can overcome the additional power required to keep the superconductors on the rotor cooled. Large HTS based motors are expected to be half the volume and have half the losses of conventional induction motors of the same rating. For a 5000 hp industrial motor, this energy savings can result in $50,000 in operating cost savings over the course of a single year of operation. Since large horsepower motors utilize (or convert) about 30% of the electrical power generated in the United States and about 70% of large motors are candidates for replacement by HTS motors, the annual energy savings potential through the utilization of HTS motors can be up to $1 Billion in the United States alone. Research in the application of HTS materials to electric motors has lead to a number of HTS motor prototypes yet no industrial HTS motor product has yet been introduced. These motor demonstrations have been synchronous motors with HTS field windings, on the rotor. Figure 1-1 shows a solid model rendering of this type of motor. The rotor winding is made with HTS coils that are held at cryogenic temperature by introducing cooling fluid from the cryocooler to the rotor through a transfer coupling. The stator winding is made of copper wire. The HTS winding is thermally isolated from the warm armature and motor shafts by a vacuum insulation space and through the use of composite torque tubes. The stator in Figure 1-1 is an air core stator in that the stator teeth and a small part of the yoke is made up of nonmagnetic material so the magnetic fields distribute themselves as if in air. Between the HTS field winding and the physical air gap is a series of concentric cylinders that act as vacuum insulation space walls as well as conducting paths for induced currents to flow in order to shield the HTS winding and the rotor cold space from time dependent fields. These time dependent fields may be caused by rotor hunting, during a change in motor load, or by non-fundamental component voltages and currents applied by the inverter. These motors are variable speed controlled by the inverter. Common large motor utility and industrial applications are pump and fan drives that are best suited by a variable speed motor. Inverter control of the HTS motor eliminates the need to design the rotor for line starting, which would dump a large amount of heat into the rotor that would then heavily tax the cryogenic cooling system. The field winding is fed by a brushless exciter that provides DC current to the HTS rotor winding. The stator winding is air or water cooled. Technical and commercial hurdles to industrial HTS motor product introduction and customer acceptance include (1) the high cost of HTS wire and the cryogenic cooling system components, (2) customer concerns about reliability of HTS motors, and (3) the ability to attain the loss reduction potential of large HTS motors. Reliance Electric has demonstrated a number of HTS based electric motors up to a 1000 hp, variable speed synchronous motor with an HTS field winding in the year 2000. In 2001 this motor was tested to 1600 hp with a sinusoidal (constant frequency) supply. Figure 1-2 shows the HTS motor on the dynamometer test stand in the Reliance Electric test lab. The extensive test program of the 1000 hp motor successfully demonstrated the technical feasibility of large HTS motors and the basic technologies involved, however the test results did indicate the need for design refinements. In addition, test results served to identify other more fundamental critical technology issues, and revealed the need to continue research efforts in order to improve future HTS motor first cost, reliability, and performa

Shoykhet, B. (Baldor Comp.); Schiferl, R. (Baldor Comp.); Duckworth, R.; Rey, C.M.; Schwenterly, S.W.; Gouge, M.J.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Iowa Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Iowa Propane (Consumer Grade) Refiner Sales Volumes; Iowa Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, ...

122

Alabama Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Alabama Propane (Consumer Grade) Refiner Sales Volumes; Alabama Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, ...

123

Table 5. Refiners' Total Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

CORPORATION / Refiner / Location Table 5. Refiners' Total Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity as of January 1, 2011 Calendar Day

124

Table 5. Refiners' Total Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

CORPORATION / Refiner / Location Table 5. Refiners' Total Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity as of January 1, 2009 Calendar Day

125

Environmental Regulations and Changes in Petroleum Refining Operations (Released in the STEO June 1998)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Changes in domestic refining operations are identified and related to the summer Reid vapor pressure (RVP) restrictions and oxygenate blending requirements. This analysis uses published EIA survey data and linear regression equations from the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS). The STIFS model is used for producing forecasts appearing in the Short-Term Energy Outlook.

Information Center

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Motor torque compensation of an induction electric motor by ...  

Motor torque compensation of an induction electric motor by adjusting a slip command during periods of supposed change in motor temperature United States Patent

127

Metallurgical Silicon Refining by Transient Directional Solidification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Directional solidification is an essential refining step to obtain solar ... The chemical analyses of the ingots show macrosegregation of several...

128

Vacuum Distillation Refining of Crude Tin - Thermodynamics ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Vacuum Distillation Refining of Crude Tin - Thermodynamics Analysis and Experiments on the Removal of Arsenic from the Crude Tin.

129

Oxygen Isotopes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pages to Isotopes Data Modern Records of Carbon and Oxygen Isotopes in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and Carbon-13 in Methane 800,000 Deuterium Record and Shorter Records of...

130

Pneumatic conveying of pulverized solvent refined coal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for pneumatically conveying solvent refined coal to a burner under conditions of dilute phase pneumatic flow so as to prevent saltation of the solvent refined coal in the transport line by maintaining the transport fluid velocity above approximately 95 ft/sec.

Lennon, Dennis R. (Allentown, PA)

1984-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

131

Refined computational models for laminated shells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents refined computational models for non homogeneous, deep, doubly curved shells. The theory is based on a kinematical approach in which the continuity conditions for displacements and shear stresses at layer interfaces and on the bounding ... Keywords: bending-torsion warping coupling, multilayered shells, piezoelectric laminates, shear-membrane refinements, stress computations, triangular C1-C1/2 finite element

M. Touratier

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Stepping Motor Control System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes a hardware system designed to facilitate position and velocity control of a group of eight stepping motors using a PDP-11. The system includes motor driver cards and other interface cards in addition ...

Larson, Noble G.

133

OXYGEN FROM AIR - Energy  

POTENTIAL APPLI ATIONS Chemicals Portable Healthcare Non Oil & Gas Refining Medical Devices Enhanced Combustion

134

Quantum motor and future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a popular language, the possibilities of the Casimir expulsion effect are presented, which can be the basis of quantum motors. Such motors can be in the form of a special multilayer thin film with periodic and complex nanosized structures. Quantum motors of the type of the Casimir platforms can be the base of transportation, energy and many other systems in the future.

Evgeny G. Fateev

2013-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

135

Quantum motor and future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a popular language, the possibilities of the Casimir expulsion effect are presented, which can be the basis of quantum motors. Such motors can be in the form of a special multilayer thin film with periodic and complex nanosized structures. Quantum motors of the type of the Casimir platforms can be the base of transportation, energy and many other systems in the future.

Fateev, Evgeny G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

North Dakota Refining Capacity Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to a 2008 report issued by the United States Geological Survey, North Dakota and Montana have an estimated 3.0 to 4.3 billion barrels of undiscovered, technically recoverable oil in an area known as the Bakken Formation. With the size and remoteness of the discovery, the question became 'can a business case be made for increasing refining capacity in North Dakota?' And, if so what is the impact to existing players in the region. To answer the question, a study committee comprised of leaders in the region's petroleum industry were brought together to define the scope of the study, hire a consulting firm and oversee the study. The study committee met frequently to provide input on the findings and modify the course of the study, as needed. The study concluded that the Petroleum Area Defense District II (PADD II) has an oversupply of gasoline. With that in mind, a niche market, naphtha, was identified. Naphtha is used as a diluent used for pipelining the bitumen (heavy crude) from Canada to crude markets. The study predicted there will continue to be an increase in the demand for naphtha through 2030. The study estimated the optimal configuration for the refinery at 34,000 barrels per day (BPD) producing 15,000 BPD of naphtha and a 52 percent refinery charge for jet and diesel yield. The financial modeling assumed the sponsor of a refinery would invest its own capital to pay for construction costs. With this assumption, the internal rate of return is 9.2 percent which is not sufficient to attract traditional investment given the risk factor of the project. With that in mind, those interested in pursuing this niche market will need to identify incentives to improve the rate of return.

Dennis Hill; Kurt Swenson; Carl Tuura; Jim Simon; Robert Vermette; Gilberto Marcha; Steve Kelly; David Wells; Ed Palmer; Kuo Yu; Tram Nguyen; Juliam Migliavacca

2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

137

PADD 3 Weekly Refiner & Blender Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Finished motor gasoline ...

138

Lower Atlantic Weekly Refiner & Blender Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Finished motor gasoline ...

139

Motor/generator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor/generator is provided for connecting between a transmission input shaft and an output shaft of a prime mover. The motor/generator may include a motor/generator housing, a stator mounted to the motor/generator housing, a rotor mounted at least partially within the motor/generator housing and rotatable about a rotor rotation axis, and a transmission-shaft coupler drivingly coupled to the rotor. The transmission-shaft coupler may include a clamp, which may include a base attached to the rotor and a plurality of adjustable jaws.

Hickam, Christopher Dale (Glasford, IL)

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

140

Firing of pulverized solvent refined coal  

SciTech Connect

A burner for the firing of pulverized solvent refined coal is constructed and operated such that the solvent refined coal can be fired successfully without any performance limitations and without the coking of the solvent refined coal on the burner components. The burner is provided with a tangential inlet of primary air and pulverized fuel, a vaned diffusion swirler for the mixture of primary air and fuel, a center water-cooled conical diffuser shielding the incoming fuel from the heat radiation from the flame and deflecting the primary air and fuel steam into the secondary air, and a watercooled annulus located between the primary air and secondary air flows.

Lennon, Dennis R. (Allentown, PA); Snedden, Richard B. (McKeesport, PA); Foster, Edward P. (Macungie, PA); Bellas, George T. (Library, PA)

1990-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

2011 Short Course Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining held at the 102nd AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo. 2011 Short Course Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining Short Course Saturday April 30,

142

2013 Short Course Fundamentals of Edible Oil Processing and Refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fundamentals of Edible Oil Processing and Refining Short Course held at the 104th AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo. 2013 Short Course Fundamentals of Edible Oil Processing and Refining Fundamentals of Edible Oil Processing and Refining S

143

2010 Short Course Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining Short Course held at the 101st AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo. 2010 Short Course Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining Short Course Saturday, M

144

Valero Refining Company - NJ | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Valero Refining Company - NJ Valero Refining Company - NJ Jump to: navigation, search Name Valero Refining Company - NJ Place New Jersey Utility Id 56325 Utility Location Yes Ownership R Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Industrial: $0.0652/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Valero_Refining_Company_-_NJ&oldid=411921" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases

145

U.S. Refining Capacity Utilization  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This article briefly reviews recent trends in domestic refining capacity utilization and examines in detail the differences in reported crude oil distillation capacities and utilization rates among different classes of refineries.

Tancred Lidderdale

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Genealogy Of Major U.S. Refiners  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

A summary presentation iof mergers and acquisitions by U.S. major oil companies (including the U.S. affiliates of foreign major oil companies). The presentation focuses on petroleum refining over the last several years through late 2009.

Neal Davis

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

147

2004: Sign of the Future for Refiners?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

A presentation to the NPRA Annual Meeting discussing the major factors that drove petroleum prices, price differentials, and margins in 2004, and what this might mean for refiners as we look towards the future.

Information Center

2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

148

Genealogy of major U.S. refiners  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

of major U.S. refiners of major U.S. refiners 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Amoco SOHIO BP ARCO Mapco Williams Clark Refining 1/89 12/98 4/00 3/98 Orion Diamond Shamrock Ultramar k 12/96 7/03 Ultramar Diamond Shamrock (UDS) Total North America UDS 9/97 Valero Salomon (Basis) Valero Williams BP BP b BP-Husky Refining LLC (jv) Husky Huntway 5/97 6/01 9/05 Valero Premcor g Valero Valero Valero 12/01 7/94 e 12/98 f Carlyle Group y Coastal 3/03 d 12/88 a 6/01 o Sun Company Sunoco v 7/07 i 4/08 c 5/04 h Pacific Refining (jv) 12/88 r El Paso 1/04 w 10/98 m 6/00 n 9/89 t 8/94 u See notes, footnotes, and source notes below. PBF Energy 6/10 p 12/10 q 3/11 x 10/11 j 9/00 l 1/01 s Genealogy of major U.S. refiners (continued) 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

149

U.S. Crude Oil Imported Acquisition Cost by Refiners ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Release Date: 1/2/2014: Next Release Date: 2/3/2014: Referring Pages: Refiner Acquisition Cost of Imported Crude Oil ; U.S. Refiner Acquisition Cost ...

150

Practical Guide to Vegetable Oil ProcessingChapter 4 Refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Guide to Vegetable Oil Processing Chapter 4 Refining Processing eChapters Processing Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 4 Refining from the book ...

151

Vermont Propane Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Propane (Consumer Grade) Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes; Vermont Propane (Consumer Grade) Refiner Sales Volumes; Vermont Sales to End Users ...

152

Idaho Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Sales by Refiners ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Idaho Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Refiner Sales Volumes; Idaho Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, ...

153

Idaho Kerosene Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Idaho Kerosene Refiner Sales Volumes; Idaho Sales for Resale Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 and No. ...

154

Table 5.22 Refiner Sales Prices and Refiner Margins for ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. 6 A volume weighted average of the refiner prices to resellers for ...

155

Parametric electric motor study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Technology for the axial gap motor was developed by DOE with an investment of approximately $15 million. This development effort is for motor technologies of high power density and high efficiency. Such motors that are also small and light-weight are not available on the commercial market because high-power motors have typically been used in large industrial applications where small size and light weight are not requirements. AC Delco has been developing motors since 1918 and is interested in leveraging its research and development dollars to produce an array of motor systems for vehicles and to develop a future line of propulsion products. The DOE focus of the study was applied to machining applications. The most attractive feature of this motor is the axial air gap, which may make possible the removal of the motor`s stationary component from a total enclosure of the remainder of the machine if the power characteristics are adequate. The objectives of this project were to evaluate alternative electric drive systems for machine tools and automotive electric drive systems and to select a best machine type for each of those applications. A major challenge of this project was to produce a small, light-weight, highly efficient motor at a cost-effective price. The project developed machine and machine drive systems and design criteria for the range of applications. The final results included the creation of a baseline for developing electric vehicle powertrain system designs, conventional vehicle engine support system designs, and advanced machine tool configurations. In addition, an axial gap permanent magnet motor was built and tested, and gave, said one engineer involved, a sterling performance. This effort will commercialize advanced motor technology and extend knowledge and design capability in the most efficient electric machine design known today.

Adams, D. [Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Stahura, D. [GM-AC Delco Systems, Indianapolis, IN (United States)

1995-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

156

MotorMaster+  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

industrial facilities, MotorMaster+ 4.0 contains expanded capabilities for inventory management, maintenance logging, lifecycle costing, savings tracking and trending,...

157

Hybrid vehicle motor alignment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotor of an electric motor for a motor vehicle is aligned to an axis of rotation for a crankshaft of an internal combustion engine having an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. A locator is provided on the crankshaft, a piloting tool is located radially by the first locator to the crankshaft. A stator of the electric motor is aligned to a second locator provided on the piloting tool. The stator is secured to the engine block. The rotor is aligned to the crankshaft and secured thereto.

Levin, Michael Benjamin (Ann Arbor, MI)

2001-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

158

Electric Motor Tiered Maintenance Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric motor predictive and preventive maintenance guidance has been developed to provide information to help maximize motor reliability and to minimize the need for major motor repairs. However, if all recommendations presented in most guides are followed and applied to all motors, the cost of motor maintenance would be unwieldy and consume more than its share of maintenance budgets.

2002-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

159

Neural correlates underlying motor map plasticity and skilled motor behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of neurons within the motor cortex. Physiol Rev, 1975. 55(and S.P. Wise, The motor cortex of the rat: cytoarchitecturedelayed changes of rat motor cortical output representation

Ramanathan, Dhakshin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Advanced Manufacturing Office: Motor Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Motor Systems to Motor Systems to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Manufacturing Office: Motor Systems on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Manufacturing Office: Motor Systems on Twitter Bookmark Advanced Manufacturing Office: Motor Systems on Google Bookmark Advanced Manufacturing Office: Motor Systems on Delicious Rank Advanced Manufacturing Office: Motor Systems on Digg Find More places to share Advanced Manufacturing Office: Motor Systems on AddThis.com... Quick Links Energy Resource Center Technical Publications by Energy System Energy-Efficient Technologies Incentives & Resources by Zip Code Better Plants Superior Energy Performance Contacts Motor Systems Photo of Man Checking Motor Performance Motor-driven equipment accounts for 54% of manufacturing electricity use. Dramatic energy and cost savings can be achieved in motor systems by

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Energy Efficient Motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficiency is only one aspect of motor performance. This paper discusses how efficiency is influenced by such factors as horsepower rating, poles, actual load, and starting requirements. It discusses some of the variables affecting efficiency, and how to interpret efficiency data. A perspective is given from which to evaluate available energy efficient motor offerings for a given application.

Hoffmeyer, W.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Stepping motor controller  

SciTech Connect

A stepping motor is microprocessingly controlled by digital circuitry which monitors the output of a shaft encoder adjustably secured to the stepping motor and generates a subsequent stepping pulse only after the preceding step has occurred and a fixed delay has expired. The fixed delay is variable on a real-time basis to provide for smooth and controlled deceleration.

Bourret, Steven C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swansen, James E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Stepping motor controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stepping motor is microprocessor controlled by digital circuitry which monitors the output of a shaft encoder adjustably secured to the stepping motor and generates a subsequent stepping pulse only after the preceding step has occurred and a fixed delay has expired. The fixed delay is variable on a real-time basis to provide for smooth and controlled deceleration.

Bourret, S.C.; Swansen, J.E.

1982-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

164

Changing World Product Markets and Potential Refining Capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Changing World Product Markets and Potential Refining Capacity Increases. NPRA Annual Meeting March 2006

165

Minnesota, Wisconsin, North and South Dakota Refining District ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Minnesota, Wisconsin, North and South Dakota Refining District Percent Utilization of Refinery Operable Capacity (Percent)

166

Refining District New Mexico Gross Inputs to Atmospheric Crude Oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refining District New Mexico Gross Inputs to Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Units (Thousand Barrels per Day)

167

Texas Inland Refining District Operable Crude Oil Distillation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Texas Inland Refining District Operable Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (Thousand Barrels per Calendar Day)

168

East Coast Refining District Operable Crude Oil Distillation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

East Coast Refining District Operable Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (Thousand Barrels per Calendar Day)

169

Parallel Cell Projection Rendering of Adaptive Mesh Refinement Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adaptive Mesh Refinement (AMR) is a technique used in numerical simulations to automatically refine (or de-refine) certain regions of the physical domain in a finite difference calculation. AMR data consists of nested hierarchies of data grids. As AMR ... Keywords: volume rendering, adaptive mesh refinement, load balancing, multi-grid methods, parallel rendering, visualization

Gunther H. Weber; Martin Ohler; Oliver Kreylos; John M. Shalf; E. Wes Bethel; Bernd Hamann; Gerik Scheuermann

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Refining District Minnesota-Wisconsin-North Dakota-South ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refining District Minnesota-Wisconsin-North Dakota-South Dakota Refinery Yield of Petroleum Coke (Percent)

171

Hydrogen Piping Experience in Chevron Refining  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Piping Piping Experience in Chevron Refining Ned Niccolls Materials Engineer Chevron Energy Technology Company Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop August 30-31, 2005 Outline 2 Overall perspectives from long term use of hydrogen piping in refining. Piping specifications and practices. The (few) problem areas. Related industry work: American Petroleum Institute corrosion and materials work on high temperature hydrogen attack. Overall Perspectives 3 Few problems with hydrogen piping operating at ambient to at least 800F and pressures up to at least 3000psia as long as we stay within well- defined limits H2S contamination presents many more problems, beyond the scope of this talk We will note a couple of specific vulnerabilities Refining tracks materials performance in

172

Norwegian Silicon Refining AS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Refining AS Refining AS Jump to: navigation, search Name Norwegian Silicon Refining AS Place Oslo, Norway Zip 214 Product Oslo-based company with an upgraded metallurgical silicon (UMG) production process called the Stubergh method. Coordinates 59.91228°, 10.74998° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":59.91228,"lon":10.74998,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

173

1995 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected 5 Reformulated Gasoline Market Affected Refiners Differently by John Zyren, Charles Dale and Charles Riner Introduction The United States has completed its first summer driving season using reformulated gasoline (RFG). Motorists noticed price increases at the retail level, resulting from the increased cost to produce and deliver the product, as well as from the tight sup- ply/demand balance during the summer. This arti- cle focuses on the costs of producing RFG as experienced by different types of refiners and on how these refiners fared this past summer, given the prices for RFG at the refinery gate. RFG Regulatory Requirements The use of RFG is a result of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA). The CAAA cover a wide range of programs aimed at improving air qual-

174

Minimally refined biomass fuels: an economic shortcut  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An economic shortcut can be realized if the sugars from which ethanol is made are utilized directly as concentrated aqueous solutions for fuels rather than by further refining them through fermentation and distillation steps. Simple evaporation of carbohydrate solutions from sugar cane or sweet sorghum, or from hydrolysis of starch or cellulose content of many plants yield potential liquid fuels of energy contents (on a volume basis) comparable to highly refined liquid fuels like methanol and ethanol. The potential utilization of such minimally refined biomass derived fuels is discussed and the burning of sucrose-ethanol-water solutions in a small modified domestic burner is demonstrated. Other potential uses of sugar solutions or emulsion and microemulsions in fuel oils for use in diesel or turbine engines are proposed and discussed.

Pearson, R.K.; Hirschfeld, T.B.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

motor | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0 0 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142279950 Varnish cache server motor Dataset Summary Description The data included in this submission is United States Department of Transportation (DOT) data up to 1995. The data includes motor-fuel gallonage taxes 1950-1995, motor-fuel use 1919-1995, private and commercial highway use of special fuels, by state 1949-1995, highway use of gasoline, by state 1949-1995, gasohol sales by state, 1980-1992, and estimated use of gasohol, 1993-1995. The data is presented in .xlsx format. Source DOT Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords DOT Fuel highway motor vehicle Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Motor-fuel gallonage taxes 1950-1995 (xlsx, 37.3 KiB)

176

Genetics of motor neuron disease  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The number of genes associated with motor neuron degen- eration has increased ... Motor neurons are affected in a large number of neurologic diseases

177

Motor Vehicle Parts Compliance Requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The OVSC compliance testing program is a strong incentive for manufacturers of motor vehicles and items of motor vehicle equipment to ...

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

178

Aurica Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product California-based Aurica Motors is planning to develop and manufacture an electric vehicle at a former Toyota plant in the state. References Aurica Motors1...

179

A Cluster Refinement Algorithm for Motif Discovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finding Transcription Factor Binding Sites, i.e., motif discovery, is crucial for understanding the gene regulatory relationship. Motifs are weakly conserved and motif discovery is an NP-hard problem. We propose a new approach called Cluster Refinement ... Keywords: Transcription factor binding site, motif discovery.

Gang Li; Tak-Ming Chan; Kwong-Sak Leung; Kin-Hong Lee

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Arnold Schwarzenegger REFINING ESTIMATES OF WATER-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of magnitude of waterrelated energy use do not consider energy that is produced as a byproduct of water supply decrease in a dry year. The amount of water delivered or hydropower produced depends on a number Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor REFINING ESTIMATES OF WATER- RELATED ENERGY USE IN CALIFORNIA

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

SEARCH NAVIGATE REFINE PERSONALIZE SAVE SEARCH OPERATORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SEARCH NAVIGATE REFINE PERSONALIZE SAVE SEARCH OPERATORS Search using AND, OR, NOT, and SAME (same sentence) to create logical search state- ments. Nest search operators inside parentheses. Search exact Web of Science® Quick Reference Card Search over 9,200 journals from over 45 different languages

Russell, Lynn

182

Ontology-based automatic query refinement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effectiveness of user query plays a vital role in retrieving highly relevant documents in keyword-based search engine. Because of the lack of domain knowledge, users tend to post very short queries, which do not express their information need ... Keywords: automatic query refinement, document retrieval, information retrieval, keywords, ontology, query expansion, retrieval relevancy, search engines, semantic search, user queries

S. Sendhilkumar; G. S. Mahalakshmi; S. N. Rajasekar

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Deriving Efficient Cache Coherence Protocols Through Refinement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the problem of developing efficient cache coherence protocols for use in distributed systems implementing distributed shared memory (DSM) using message passing. A serious drawback of traditional approaches to this problem is that the users ... Keywords: DSM protocols, communication protocols, refinement

Ratan Nalumasu; Ganesh Gopalakrishnan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Hydrocarbon Processing`s refining processes `96  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper compiles information on the following refining processes: alkylation, benzene reduction, benzene saturation, catalytic cracking, catalytic reforming, coking, crude distillation, deasphalting, deep catalytic cracking, electrical desalting, ethers, fluid catalytic cracking, hydrocracking, hydrogenation, hydrotreating, isomerization, resid catalytic cracking, treating, and visbreaking. The application, products, a description of the process, yield, economics, installation, and licensor are given for each entry.

NONE

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Analysis of the relative competitive position of marketers of motor gasoline  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In an effort to analyze the causes of changes in motor gasoline marketing, various economic data were collected and are presented. These data include; (1) gasoline sales by refiners; (2) sales through salaried retail outlets; (3) the number of gasoline retail outlets; and (4) the number of branded independent retail outlets. (PMA)

Not Available

1978-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Linear Motor Powered Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This special issue on linear-motor powered transportation covers both supporting technologies and innovative transport systems in various parts of the World, as this technology moves from the lab to commercial operations. ...

Thornton, Richard D.

187

Ford Motor Company  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All statements, findings, and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Global Interdependence Center, Ford Motor Company, or the Center for Automotive Research. TABLE OF CONTENTS Acknowledgements......................................................................................................................... iv

Ellen Hughes-cromwick; Joshua Cregger

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

motor gasoline is projected to be about 1.38 per gallon. As was the case with heating oil, last year's peak average gasoline price, at 1.633 per gallon in June, was the...

189

Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook ... State gasoline taxes ... that occurred between spring 1999 and fall 2001, ...

190

MOTOR POOL RESERVATIONS Reservation Number:_______________  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MOTOR POOL RESERVATIONS Reservation Number:_______________ Evanston campus: Chicago campus: 2020: 312/503-9243 E-mail: motor-pool@northwestern.edu E-mail: motor-pool@northwestern.edu Hours: 8:00 a reservations require the "Organization Authorization for University Vehicles" form to be faxed to Motor Pool

Shull, Kenneth R.

191

Markov Process of Muscle Motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a Markov random process describing a muscle molecular motor behavior. Every motor is either bound up with a thin filament or unbound. In the bound state the motor creates a force proportional to its displacement from the neutral position. In both states the motor spend an exponential time depending on the state. The thin filament moves at its velocity proportional to average of all displacements of all motors. We assume that the time which a motor stays at the bound state does not depend on its displacement. Then one can find an exact solution of a non-linear equation appearing in the limit of infinite number of the motors.

Yu. Kondratiev; E. Pechersky; S. Pirogov

2007-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

192

IEMDC -IN-LINE ELECTRIC MOTOR DRIVEN COMPRESSOR  

SciTech Connect

Dresser-Rand completed the preliminary aerodynamic flowpath of the volute and inlet design for the compressor section. This has resulted in considerable progress being made on the development of the compressor section and ultimately towards the successful integration of the IEMDC System design. Significant effort was put forth in the design of aerodynamic components which resulted in a design that meets the limits of aerodynamically induced radial forces previously established. Substantial effort has begun on the mechanical design of the compressor pressure containing case and other internal components. These efforts show progression towards the successful integration of a centrifugal compressor and variable speed electric motor ventilated by the process gas. All efforts continue to confirm the feasibility of the IEMDC system design. During the third quarter reporting period, the focus was to further refine the motor design and to ensure that the IEMDC rotor system supported on magnetic bearing is in compliance with the critical speed and vibration requirements of the API standards 617 and 541. Consequently specification to design magnetic bearings was developed and an RFQ to three magnetic bearing suppliers was issued. Considerable work was also performed to complete preliminary reports on some of the deliverable tasks under phase 1.0. These include specification for the VFD, RFQ for the magnetic bearings, and preliminary write-up for motor instrumentation and control schematic. In order to estimate motor efficiency at various operating points, plots of calculated motor losses, and motor cooling gas flow rates were also prepared. Preliminary evaluations of motor support concepts were performed via FEA to determine modal frequencies. Presentation was made at DOE Morgantown on August 12, 2003 to provide project status update. Preparations for the IEMDC motor-compressor presentation, at the GMRC conference in Salt Lake City to be held on October 5, 2003, were also started. Detailed calculations of cooling gas flow requirements for the motor and magnetic bearings, per several new operating points designated by DR, confirmed that the required gas flow was within the compressor design guidelines. Previous thrust load calculations had confirmed that the magnetic thrust bearing design load capacity of 6,000 lb. was sufficient to handle the net thrust load produced by the motor and compressor pressure loading. Thus the design data that has been generated, for the variable speed 10 MW 12,000 rpm motor, during the last three quarters, continue to confirm the feasibility of an efficient and robust motor design.

Michael J. Crowley; Prem N. Bansal; John E. Tessaro

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

91.0 91.0 91.0 80.1 77.2 - 78.5 100.2 100.0 84.9 80.2 - 82.6 February ............................. 93.1 92.9 83.8 77.7 - 80.4 101.1 100.8 88.1 80.2 - 84.1 March .................................. 91.7 91.5 85.2 75.1 - 79.8 96.8 96.8 90.1 NA - 84.4 April .................................... 88.3 88.1 79.3 69.6 - NA 94.0 93.9 83.7 70.7 - NA May ..................................... 89.4 89.3 81.7 75.8 - 78.1 95.8 95.7 88.0 76.9 - 81.6 June .................................... 88.5 88.4 79.4 71.7 - 74.6 95.5 95.5 84.5 72.9 - 77.2 July ..................................... 86.2 86.1 75.4 71.2 - 72.8 93.0 93.0 81.2 72.8 - 75.9 August ................................ 89.3 89.2 79.6 77.7 - 78.4 96.6 96.5 85.0 79.2 - 81.3 September .......................... 91.3 91.0 84.4 74.8 - 78.3 97.9 97.7 88.2 77.7 - 81.5 October

194

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 68.7 60.7 56.0 64.5 85.1 84.6 73.7 64.3 - 70.0 February ............................. 76.3 76.1 67.3 62.9 55.2 65.1 84.6 83.9 70.0 65.5 - 68.2 March .................................. 78.1 77.9 72.0 65.0 W 68.5 84.1 83.8 75.1 66.1 - 70.1 April .................................... 82.6 82.5 76.1 67.9 - 71.4 89.7 89.6 80.0 69.7 - 73.8 May ..................................... 87.9 87.9 79.9 71.8 - 75.1 94.3 94.2 84.6 73.5 - 77.7 June .................................... 90.2 90.2 80.0 66.5 - 72.0 96.4 96.3 84.0 68.7 - 75.0 July ..................................... 86.3 86.4 77.3 62.6 - 68.5 92.5 92.5 78.3 63.9 - 69.6 August ................................ 82.8 82.8 76.3 63.7 - 68.7 87.9 87.8 77.6 65.3 - 69.8 September .......................... 82.4 81.9 73.9 66.4 NA 69.4 NA NA 75.7 68.9 - 72.4 October ...............................

195

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type,  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 69.7 61.6 W 65.5 84.2 83.9 75.4 65.0 - 71.8 February ............................. 78.1 77.6 71.3 64.5 - 68.0 85.6 85.1 77.4 67.6 - 73.8 March .................................. 83.3 83.0 79.0 72.2 W 75.7 89.7 89.4 85.1 74.4 - 81.1 April .................................... 92.1 91.9 86.0 76.1 - 79.5 100.6 100.1 93.3 77.6 - 84.9 May ..................................... 96.8 96.4 92.4 76.5 - 81.5 105.4 104.6 99.0 77.5 - 86.2 June .................................... 95.6 95.3 NA 76.7 - 81.6 103.7 103.2 98.0 77.5 - 85.8 July ..................................... 93.8 93.5 NA 75.3 - 80.2 101.5 101.1 96.1 76.2 - 84.7 August ................................ 95.2 95.0 NA 78.5 - 82.7 102.2 102.0 NA 80.0 - 86.7 September .......................... 97.1 96.7 88.1 79.7 - 82.9 104.7 104.4 93.7 82.0 - 87.4 October

196

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 69.7 61.6 W 65.5 84.2 83.9 75.4 65.0 - 71.8 February ... 78.1 77.6 71.3 64.5 - 68.0 85.6 85.1 77.4 67.6 - 73.8 March ......

197

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- 68.2 March ... 78.1 77.9 72.0 65.0 W 68.5 84.1 83.8 75.1 66.1 - 70.1 April ... 82.6 82.5 76.1 67.9 - 71.4 89.7...

198

Table 33. Oxygenated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

101.1 100.8 88.1 80.2 - 84.1 March ... 91.7 91.5 85.2 75.1 - 79.8 96.8 96.8 90.1 NA - 84.4 April ... 88.3 88.1...

199

Gasification, polygeneration capture interest of refiners  

SciTech Connect

Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plants are moving into the mainstream of international refining. Such plants can turn refinery dregs into the whitest of all products--sparkling electricity--plus hydrogen and synthesis gas. Hydrogen is an indispensable element for cleaning up and improving modern fuels, while syngas is the feedstock for important finished petrochemicals and intermediaries. The status and potential of gasification technologies and projects were covered in a 3 day conference early in October in San Francisco. What made this conference different from others on the subject in the past was recognition that oil and natural gas producers and the international refining industry are becoming major power producers without government subsidies. Such projects can pass the scrutiny of lenders and the test of commerciality. They are not targeted simply for electricity, but also for production of hydrogen, steam, and petrochemical feedstock. The process objective for projects now far exceeds simple cogeneration. It`s now trigeneration, even polygeneration.

Aalund, L.R.

1996-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

200

Global refining industry preparing for future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About 2.1 million b/sd of crude distillation capacity is now under construction or considered likely to be built, more than 80% of which is concentrated in Asia and the Middle East. An overview of global refining centers will illustrate technological trends and the emergence of developing economies, particularly those in the Asia/Pacific region. About 50% of the refineries in the US and Western Europe have capacities greater than 200,000 b/d. Figure 1 lists the capacities and relative conversion capabilities of the world refining centers. The paper discusses bottoms conversion, regulations, investment, grassroots plans, and refinery capacities in the US, Western Europe, Eastern Europe/FSU, Middle East, Asia/Pacific region, and South America/Caribbean.

Martin, T.W. [Stone and Webster Engineering Corp., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Parabolic refined invariants and Macdonald polynomials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A string theoretic derivation is given for the conjecture of Hausel, Letellier, and Rodriguez-Villegas on the cohomology of character varieties with marked points. Their formula is identified with a refined BPS expansion in the stable pair theory of a local root stack, generalizing previous work of the first two authors in collaboration with G. Pan. Haiman's geometric construction for Macdonald polynomials is shown to emerge naturally in this context via geometric engineering. In particular this yields a new conjectural relation between Macdonald polynomials and refined local orbifold curve counting invariants. The string theoretic approach also leads to a new spectral cover construction for parabolic Higgs bundles in terms of holomorphic symplectic orbifolds.

Wu-yen Chuang; Duiliu-Emanuel Diaconescu; Ron Donagi; Tony Pantev

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

202

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-Å-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

203

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-Å-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

204

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-Å-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

205

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-Å-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

206

Genealogy of major U.S. refiners - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

See full Genealogy of Major U.S. Refiners Previous Release Genealogy of Major U.S. Refiners Genealogy of Major U.S. Refiners Release date: September 18, 2013 figre 1. World energy consumption, 1990-2040. The structure of the U.S. petroleum refining industry has changed substantially over the past several years. In the diagram the companies shown on the right side are presently active in U.S. refining. The transactions over the past 25 years that created these companies also are shown. The transactions included here may be as little as a single refinery, or as much as all the refining assets of the parties to the transaction. Transactions that include less than all refining assets are indicated by vertical dotted lines while vertical solid lines indicate that all refining assets are included. Additionally,

207

Washington Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail Outlets: ...

208

North Carolina Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Area: ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail ...

209

Refining District Minnesota-Wisconsin-North Dakota-South Dakota ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refining District Minnesota-Wisconsin-North Dakota-South Dakota Gas Plant Production of Propane and Propylene (Thousand Barrels)

210

Refining District Minnesota-Wisconsin-North Dakota-South Dakota ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refining District Minnesota-Wisconsin-North Dakota-South Dakota Pentanes Plus Stocks at Natural Gas Processing Plants (Thousand Barrels)

211

Energy Efficiency Improvement in the Petroleum Refining Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical Manufacturing and Petroleum Refining Industries.Saving Opportunities for Petroleum Refineries. An ENERGYAdministration (EIA), 2002. Petroleum Supply Annual 2001,

Worrell, Ernst; Galitsky, Christina

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Electron Beam Cold Hearth Refinement Processing of Inconel Alloy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ELECTRON BEAM COLD HEARTH REFINEMENT PROCESSING OF. INCONEL" ALLOY 718 AND NIMONIC* ALLOY PK50. S. Patel+,. 1-C. Elliott+,.

213

P-12: Refinement of Primary and Eutectic Silicon Particles in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Evolution of ESR Technology and Equipment for Long Hollow Ingots Manufacture ... Phosphorus Partitioning During EAF Refining of DRI Based Steel.

214

Table 5. Refiners' Total Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

LYONDELL CHEMICAL CO b Houston Refining LP..... Houston, Texas...270,200 TOTAL SA Total Petrochemicals Inc ...

215

Refining District Oklahoma-Kansas-Missouri Refinery and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refining District Oklahoma-Kansas-Missouri Refinery and Blender Net Input of Fuel Ethanol (Thousand Barrels per Day)

216

Refining District Oklahoma-Kansas-Missouri Ethane-Ethylene ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refining District Oklahoma-Kansas-Missouri Ethane-Ethylene Stocks at Natural Gas Processing Plants (Thousand Barrels)

217

Ontario Hydro Motor Efficiency Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric motors consume more than one-half of the electrical energy produced by Ontario Hydro. In the residential sector, the major motor load is for refrigerators and freezers while packaged equipment dominate the motor load in the commercial market. However, this paper concentrates on the industrial market since 76% of this market's load is motors. The poly phase integral horsepower motor is the "workhorse" of industry. The efficiency of the standard induction motor can be improved. The new "high efficiency" motor is described and the operating cost is compared to the standard motor. Payback for high efficiency motors is found to be about one year for continuous duty applications. Specific instructions are presented for use in industry.

Dautovich, D. R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ....................... 68.4 67.8 61.8 54.9 51.4 55.0 77.5 76.9 68.0 59.1 - 61.2 February ..................... 68.5 67.9 63.4 56.2 52.1 56.4 77.9 77.3 69.7 60.2 - 62.9 March .......................... 74.7 74.1 69.1 63.5 57.8 63.5 83.7 83.2 75.4 67.3 W 69.7 April ............................ 82.9 82.2 77.5 71.5 64.0 70.8 92.0 91.4 83.8 75.7 - 77.9 May ............................. 86.2 85.7 82.1 71.8 65.3 71.9 95.5 95.0 87.7 75.8 - 78.8 June ............................ 83.6 83.0 79.0 66.6 60.0 66.6 92.6 92.0 84.8 69.3 - 73.2 July ............................. 81.2 80.7 76.4 66.6 60.1 66.5 90.3 89.8 82.3 70.1 - 73.1 August ........................ 79.3 78.8 74.3 66.1 60.0 66.1 88.4 87.9 80.6 69.6 W 72.2 September .................. 79.9 79.4 74.7 67.1 60.9 67.1 88.7 88.2 81.0 70.7 - 73.3 October .......................

219

Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1997 January ....................... 35.6 37.6 45.0 122.6 33.7 201.3 8.8 9.1 12.1 15.0 W 27.1 February ..................... 37.8 39.9 46.7 127.7 38.1 212.6 9.1 9.4 12.4 15.5 W 27.9 March .......................... 38.4 40.5 47.0 129.9 35.1 212.0 9.3 9.6 12.3 15.5 NA 27.9 April ............................ 38.5 40.7 47.7 134.5 33.9 216.1 9.3 9.6 12.2 16.1 W 28.3 May ............................. 38.1 39.8 45.9 135.5 34.2 215.7 9.2 9.5 12.2 16.3 W 28.5 June ............................ 39.3 41.0 46.1 138.7 29.1 214.0 9.5 9.8 12.3 16.7 W 29.0 July ............................. 43.2 44.9 45.7 148.0 31.9 225.6 10.4 10.7 12.3 18.0 W 30.3 August ........................ 43.4 45.1 46.3 144.9 33.2 224.5 10.3 10.5 12.2 17.2 W 29.5 September .................. 42.8 44.5 45.2 137.6 33.1 215.9 10.0 10.2 11.6 16.2 W 27.9 October .......................

220

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - November ................... - - - - - - - - - - - - December ................... - - - - - - - - - - - - 1993 ............................... - - - - - - - - - - - -

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Gallons per Day) Year Month Regular Midgrade Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total Through Retail Outlets Total a DTW Rack Bulk Total 1994 ................................ 29.7 31.2 36.1 113.5 22.8 172.4 7.6 7.8 10.1 14.6 0.1 24.8 1995 January ....................... 18.5 19.6 13.2 88.3 22.4 123.8 4.9 5.1 3.8 W W 15.1 February ..................... 21.7 23.1 18.6 98.4 23.3 140.2 5.7 5.9 5.2 W W 18.0 March .......................... 23.5 24.8 21.2 103.4 25.1 149.7 6.2 6.5 5.4 W W 19.0 April ............................ 25.9 27.2 22.5 103.9 23.8 150.3 6.4 6.6 5.6 W W 19.1 May ............................. 27.0 28.3 23.1 111.4 25.0 159.5 6.4 6.6 5.8 W W 20.0 June ............................ 28.0 29.3 23.6 116.2 29.3 169.0 6.6 6.8 5.9 W W 20.6

222

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,312.3 1,312.3 32,821.9 41,410.1 112,727.4 28,125.2 182,262.7 8,740.5 9,015.4 W 15,226.6 W 27,455.8 February ............................. 33,062.4 34,813.3 43,506.0 120,110.9 28,668.6 192,285.5 9,196.3 9,492.7 W 16,071.5 W 29,126.3 March .................................. 32,634.8 34,295.4 43,645.3 122,321.7 30,937.8 196,904.8 9,385.0 9,689.1 W 16,559.0 W 29,420.1 April .................................... 34,010.4 35,657.9 43,864.5 121,891.1 27,743.2 193,498.9 9,410.9 9,694.5 W 16,548.6 W 29,584.3 May ..................................... 35,529.2 37,016.8 45,031.4 130,346.8 30,182.4 205,560.7 9,402.8 9,689.9 W 17,374.5 W 30,806.5 June .................................... 36,890.5 38,450.5 46,008.3 135,930.8

223

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ....................... 7.1 7.4 19.6 W W 40.7 2.8 2.8 7.0 2.8 - 9.8 February ..................... 7.5 7.8 20.5 17.3 5.1 42.9 2.9 3.0 7.4 2.9 - 10.3 March .......................... 7.5 7.8 20.5 17.1 5.8 43.4 3.0 3.1 7.2 3.0 - 10.2 April ............................ 7.7 8.0 20.6 16.9 3.9 41.3 3.0 3.0 7.3 3.0 - 10.3 May ............................. 8.0 8.2 21.2 17.8 5.2 44.1 3.0 3.0 7.5 3.1 - 10.6 June ............................ 8.4 8.6 21.6 18.5 4.8 44.9 3.2 3.2 7.8 3.3 - 11.0 July ............................. 8.1 8.3 20.8 17.6 5.5 44.0 3.0 3.0 7.6 3.2 - 10.8 August ........................ 8.2 8.5 21.0 18.0 6.6 45.7 3.1 3.1 7.6 3.3 - 10.9 September .................. 8.0 8.3 20.4 W W 43.0 3.2 3.2 7.4 3.0 - 10.5 October ....................... 7.7 8.0 20.5 W W 42.8 3.0 3.0 W W - 10.5 November ...................

224

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 1996 ................................ 10.7 11.1 26.1 20.5 8.0 54.6 3.3 3.4 7.9 3.3 W 11.3 1997 January ....................... 11.3 11.8 27.2 19.8 7.3 54.3 3.2 3.3 7.9 3.0 W 10.8 February ..................... 12.1 12.6 28.3 20.7 6.9 55.9 3.3 3.4 8.1 3.0 W 11.1 March .......................... 12.4 12.9 28.4 21.2 7.4 57.0 3.4 3.5 8.0 3.1 W 11.1 April ............................ 12.4 12.8 29.0 21.1 7.0 57.1 3.4 3.5 7.9 3.0 W 11.0 May ............................. 12.0 12.4 27.3 21.1 7.9 56.3 3.3 3.4 7.9 3.1 W 11.1 June ............................ 12.2 12.6 27.4 21.5 7.0 56.0 3.4 3.5 7.9 3.2 W 11.1 July ............................. 14.0 14.4 27.5 22.7 6.8 57.0 3.8 3.9 8.0 3.4 W 11.5 August ........................ 14.8 15.1 28.1 23.2 8.5 59.8 3.9 4.0 8.0 3.4 W 11.5 September .................. 14.7 15.1 27.7 22.0 7.3 57.0 3.7 3.8

225

Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January ....................... 59.4 58.8 54.2 46.0 41.8 46.6 69.8 69.2 60.4 49.8 NA 53.6 February ..................... 61.7 61.1 57.0 49.2 45.0 50.0 71.5 70.9 62.9 53.3 NA 56.9 March .......................... 62.2 61.7 57.4 49.9 46.2 51.3 72.0 71.4 63.3 54.0 NA 58.0 April ............................ 64.9 64.5 60.1 53.5 49.3 54.5 74.6 74.1 66.0 57.6 NA 61.2 May ............................. 66.6 66.2 62.0 54.7 50.3 56.0 76.4 75.9 67.7 58.4 NA 62.6 June ............................ 69.7 69.2 65.3 58.2 53.1 59.3 79.5 78.9 71.2 61.8 NA 65.9 July ............................. 72.6 72.2 68.0 61.0 56.0 62.2 82.3 81.8 73.8 63.9 NA 68.3 August ........................ 77.4 76.9 71.2 63.6 57.9 64.7 86.9 86.3 77.0 66.4 NA 71.0 September .................. 75.5 74.8 68.6 54.6 51.6 57.4 85.2 84.4 74.7 57.1 NA 64.6 October .......................

226

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8,415.8 8,415.8 39,569.3 40,215.9 122,708.5 26,876.5 189,800.8 10,466.7 10,604.8 10,129.5 14,302.8 - 24,432.4 February ............................. 40,637.5 41,953.1 43,328.9 133,687.6 29,805.9 206,822.4 10,360.0 10,513.3 W 15,544.3 W 26,397.7 March .................................. 41,477.4 43,016.1 45,427.5 141,434.5 35,293.6 222,155.7 10,324.1 10,491.1 W 16,370.9 W 27,381.7 April .................................... 43,183.2 44,648.5 46,529.4 145,575.1 45,194.6 237,299.2 9,958.2 10,130.7 10,397.0 15,931.2 W 26,339.9 May ..................................... 42,591.4 44,151.1 46,198.6 146,358.6 40,692.6 233,249.8 10,265.8 10,423.0 W 16,051.1 W 26,538.5 June .................................... 43,545.0 44,890.8 46,463.3

227

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PAD District I 1984 ...................................... 92.3 84.8 NA NA 102.5 92.4 91.6 84.2 1985 ...................................... 93.6 85.2 NA NA 104.2 93.3 93.4 85.2 1986 ...................................... 63.9 53.2 NA NA 76.1 62.1 65.3 55.2 1987 ...................................... 67.5 57.7 NA NA 80.5 68.2 69.9 60.6 1988 ...................................... 67.1 56.1 NA NA 81.3 68.7 70.8 60.2 1989 ...................................... 74.1 62.7 82.0 70.0 90.5 76.7 79.4 67.9 1990 ...................................... 87.6 77.7 94.8 83.2 101.9 89.0 91.8 81.5 1991 ...................................... 79.2 70.6 87.5 75.7 95.9 83.2 83.8 74.2 1992 ...................................... 74.0 65.1 84.1 71.4 93.0 78.4 79.6 69.3 1993 ...................................... 69.7 59.0 80.2 66.1

228

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

70.5 70.5 58.3 57.7 79.6 61.2 65.4 88.3 67.0 70.1 75.4 60.0 61.0 February ............................. 70.5 58.1 58.4 79.8 61.0 66.1 88.4 66.8 70.6 75.5 59.8 61.6 March .................................. 75.8 64.1 64.9 84.7 67.6 72.0 93.3 72.7 76.9 80.4 65.8 67.9 April .................................... 84.5 72.6 73.2 93.7 76.8 81.3 102.1 81.8 85.8 88.8 74.3 76.1 May ..................................... 89.3 77.4 75.2 99.1 81.0 84.2 106.6 85.6 87.9 93.3 79.0 78.0 June .................................... 86.9 71.5 70.0 96.5 73.6 79.4 103.9 79.2 83.0 91.0 72.8 73.0 July ..................................... 83.9 72.9 69.4 93.4 79.5 78.1 101.1 83.1 82.1 88.0 75.2 72.3 August ................................ 81.2 71.1 68.3 90.6 77.4 76.1 98.3 81.4 80.3 85.4 73.4 71.1 September .......................... 80.8 71.0 68.8 89.8 76.4

229

Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ....................... 65.7 65.0 59.5 52.3 48.2 52.4 75.7 74.9 66.3 56.8 W 59.2 February ..................... 65.7 65.1 60.6 53.4 49.6 53.7 75.4 74.7 67.4 57.9 W 60.6 March .......................... 66.8 66.2 61.0 54.3 50.7 54.6 76.1 75.4 67.4 58.1 W 60.7 April ............................ 72.2 71.7 66.3 62.2 57.0 62.0 81.2 80.7 72.8 66.6 W 68.4 May ............................. 78.8 78.3 72.5 67.6 62.1 67.4 88.0 87.4 79.2 72.4 W 74.3 June ............................ 79.2 78.6 72.5 62.3 58.5 63.1 88.3 87.6 79.5 66.7 W 70.3 July ............................. 74.9 74.2 68.4 56.3 52.8 57.4 84.0 83.3 74.7 60.0 W 64.2 August ........................ 71.9 71.3 65.5 56.8 52.1 57.2 80.8 80.2 71.1 60.6 NA 63.5 September .................. 71.1 70.6 65.1 57.6 52.5 57.7 79.8 79.3 70.5 61.2 W 63.9 October .......................

230

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - November ................... 77.9 77.7 72.6 60.3 58.7 65.2 89.8 89.5 77.9 69.0 - 75.4 December ................... 76.4 75.7 72.0 56.7 53.3 63.7 87.8 87.2 77.0 62.5 W 72.6 1994 ...............................

231

Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 1996 ................................ 79.7 79.1 74.3 66.5 60.7 66.4 88.4 87.8 80.1 70.0 NA 72.6 1997 January ....................... 82.4 81.7 76.7 71.2 66.2 70.8 91.4 90.9 83.1 75.4 - 77.2 February ..................... 80.7 80.1 74.9 68.5 64.3 68.3 90.1 89.5 81.3 72.3 - 74.5 March .......................... 78.5 77.9 72.4 66.1 62.7 66.2 88.4 87.9 78.7 70.1 W 72.2 April ............................ 78.7 77.9 73.1 65.0 60.7 65.2 88.3 87.8 78.8 69.0 - 71.4 May ............................. 79.6 79.1 73.4 67.3 61.9 67.1 88.7 88.3 79.1 70.3 - 72.5 June ............................ 78.5 78.0 72.1 63.7 59.1 64.0 87.7 87.2 78.5 66.8 - 69.6 July ............................. 76.6 76.1 69.7 63.6 57.5 63.3 85.8 85.4 76.2 67.1 - 69.1 August ........................ 82.0 81.5 75.8 70.8 63.9 70.3 91.1 90.7 81.9 74.4 - 76.1 September ..................

232

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1,312.3 1,312.3 32,821.9 41,410.1 112,727.4 28,125.2 182,262.7 8,740.5 9,015.4 W 15,226.6 W 27,455.8 February ............................. 33,062.4 34,813.3 43,506.0 120,110.9 28,668.6 192,285.5 9,196.3 9,492.7 W 16,071.5 W 29,126.3 March .................................. 32,634.8 34,295.4 43,645.3 122,321.7 30,937.8 196,904.8 9,385.0 9,689.1 W 16,559.0 W 29,420.1 April .................................... 34,010.4 35,657.9 43,864.5 121,891.1 27,743.2 193,498.9 9,410.9 9,694.5 W 16,548.6 W 29,584.3 May ..................................... 35,529.2 37,016.8 45,031.4 130,346.8 30,182.4 205,560.7 9,402.8 9,689.9 W 17,374.5 W 30,806.5 June .................................... 36,890.5 38,450.5 46,008.3 135,930.8

233

Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1997 January ....................... 83.0 82.5 77.2 71.9 67.8 72.4 92.4 92.0 82.9 76.1 W 79.1 February ..................... 82.4 81.9 77.3 69.3 65.8 70.4 91.9 91.5 82.8 73.2 W 77.5 March .......................... 80.4 79.9 76.6 66.9 64.9 68.7 90.1 89.7 82.3 71.0 74.8 76.0 April ............................ 80.3 79.7 77.7 65.5 62.4 67.7 89.9 89.6 82.9 69.6 W 75.4 May ............................. 81.0 80.5 76.5 67.6 62.3 68.6 90.2 89.9 82.3 70.8 W 75.7 June ............................ 79.7 79.2 74.9 63.9 58.9 65.6 89.1 88.7 80.8 67.2 W 73.0 July ............................. 77.9 77.4 72.4 63.9 57.9 64.8 87.3 86.9 78.4 67.5 W 71.9 August ........................ 83.2 82.8 79.2 71.4 66.1 72.2 92.7 92.3 85.4 75.3 W 79.5 September .................. 83.6 83.1 81.2 67.1 63.4 69.5 93.2 92.9 87.4 71.0 W 77.9 October .......................

234

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

69.6 69.6 54.8 54.8 78.5 58.1 63.1 87.0 63.8 67.2 73.7 56.2 57.6 February ............................. 65.2 53.7 52.5 74.8 55.7 59.7 83.0 61.4 64.4 69.4 54.9 55.1 March .................................. 61.7 51.4 49.7 71.2 52.6 56.4 79.4 58.3 61.1 65.9 52.5 52.3 April .................................... 63.9 53.9 52.3 73.2 56.3 59.2 81.3 62.4 63.8 68.1 55.3 54.9 May ..................................... 67.7 56.6 55.3 76.8 59.1 62.6 84.6 65.9 66.9 71.8 58.1 57.9 June .................................... 67.0 54.3 52.9 76.4 56.9 60.7 84.2 63.0 65.0 71.2 55.7 55.7 July ..................................... 65.5 52.5 51.5 75.3 56.1 59.1 83.4 61.9 63.7 69.9 54.1 54.3 August ................................ 62.7 48.0 47.6 72.8 51.3 55.6 80.7 56.1 60.1 67.2 49.5 50.6 September .......................... 61.5 48.1 48.1 71.4 51.3 55.6

235

Table 13. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - November ................... 0.3 0.3 1.7 0.8 1.4 3.9 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 - 0.6 December ................... 6.7 7.0 23.0 W W 47.3 2.0 2.0 7.5 W W 10.7 1994 ...............................

236

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ....................... 75.7 75.1 72.1 59.0 56.1 65.0 85.3 84.8 77.1 63.5 - 73.2 February ..................... 74.4 73.8 70.9 59.4 57.5 64.7 83.5 83.1 75.6 64.3 - 72.4 March .......................... 73.0 72.4 69.7 57.4 54.0 62.7 82.1 81.7 74.5 62.1 - 70.9 April ............................ 75.0 74.5 71.4 64.0 59.5 67.3 84.0 83.7 76.4 68.4 - 74.0 May ............................. 80.3 80.0 76.4 69.6 64.8 72.3 89.0 88.8 81.4 74.1 - 79.3 June ............................ 81.8 81.5 77.4 65.9 61.8 71.0 90.4 90.0 81.9 70.8 - 78.6 July ............................. 79.2 78.6 74.2 59.6 58.1 66.3 87.7 87.3 78.2 64.7 - 74.2 August ........................ 75.4 74.8 70.1 59.3 57.5 64.0 83.5 83.1 74.2 64.1 - 71.1 September .................. 72.6 72.2 68.3 60.5 58.0 63.9 80.5 80.2 72.4 64.7 - 70.2 October .......................

237

Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 January ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - February ..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - March .......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - April ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - May ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - June ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - July ............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - August ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - September .................. - - - - - - - - - - - - October ....................... 27.2 28.7 26.9 105.7 16.1 148.6 7.3 7.5 8.0 W W 21.2 November ................... 25.0 26.3 22.1 105.9 14.6 142.6 6.7 7.0 6.7 W W 20.0 December ................... 24.6 25.9 22.2 107.5 18.0 147.6 6.6 6.9 7.0 W W

238

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ....................... 71.4 71.0 67.6 59.2 56.0 63.1 80.9 80.6 72.3 63.8 - 69.9 February ..................... 72.2 71.7 67.8 59.8 56.8 63.2 81.3 81.0 73.1 64.2 - 70.5 March .......................... 76.7 76.3 72.0 65.8 65.5 68.8 86.0 85.7 77.9 70.0 - 75.6 April ............................ 87.7 87.3 83.5 77.0 77.3 80.2 96.5 96.2 88.8 81.4 - 86.7 May ............................. 95.7 95.3 91.7 77.0 74.8 83.4 105.1 104.7 96.8 81.4 - 92.2 June ............................ 93.5 92.9 89.1 70.5 68.0 78.9 103.0 102.4 94.0 75.1 - 88.3 July ............................. 88.8 88.4 85.3 70.7 68.7 77.3 98.6 98.3 90.3 75.2 - 85.6 August ........................ 84.3 84.0 79.9 68.9 65.2 73.4 94.0 93.7 85.1 73.4 W 81.5 September .................. 81.4 81.1 76.8 69.5 66.5 72.6 91.0 90.8 82.3 73.8 W 79.8 October .......................

239

Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,177.8 2,177.8 33,696.7 41,031.4 115,778.7 25,866.5 182,676.6 9,536.5 9,794.2 12,905.9 15,962.1 - 28,868.0 February ............................. 33,085.6 34,725.7 42,808.2 121,887.8 32,127.0 196,822.9 9,746.2 10,022.4 13,588.9 16,896.7 - 30,485.6 March .................................. 34,978.9 36,685.7 45,070.0 122,489.6 28,845.0 196,404.5 9,984.6 10,254.2 W 16,980.4 W 30,689.3 April .................................... 36,627.7 38,654.6 46,870.7 132,107.0 39,827.2 218,805.0 9,633.1 9,933.5 13,367.1 17,002.1 - 30,369.2 May ..................................... 38,548.0 40,338.1 48,651.6 137,813.8 38,767.1 225,232.5 9,234.8 9,508.1 12,618.4 16,543.3 - 29,161.6 June .................................... 39,265.8 40,954.4 48,139.0 137,339.2 43,089.0

240

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7,592.9 7,592.9 38,697.1 41,234.1 134,916.3 28,778.0 204,928.3 8,469.6 8,591.2 8,752.4 13,409.9 - 22,162.3 February ............................. 41,372.4 42,768.1 45,617.8 152,433.3 25,868.1 223,919.1 8,902.4 9,050.1 9,576.8 15,164.2 - 24,741.0 March .................................. 43,908.9 45,486.6 48,663.0 159,013.0 26,574.1 234,250.2 8,334.4 8,483.4 9,042.9 14,281.9 - 23,324.8 April .................................... 41,453.4 42,873.1 46,118.2 157,990.7 37,856.7 241,965.6 8,146.0 8,304.1 8,624.2 14,057.8 - 22,682.0 May ..................................... 43,079.5 44,622.1 47,391.3 165,547.2 35,485.2 248,423.6 8,461.1 8,619.3 8,946.6 15,071.0 - 24,017.6 June .................................... 45,869.9 47,451.1 49,767.2 169,463.5 41,245.2 260,475.9

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ....................... 70.5 69.9 66.3 55.9 52.2 57.7 79.6 79.1 71.7 60.3 - 65.4 February ..................... 70.5 70.0 66.4 57.0 53.0 58.4 79.8 79.3 72.2 61.1 - 66.1 March .......................... 75.8 75.3 70.9 64.0 59.3 64.9 84.7 84.3 77.0 67.9 W 72.0 April ............................ 84.5 83.9 81.0 72.4 66.6 73.2 93.7 93.2 87.0 76.9 - 81.3 May ............................. 89.3 88.8 88.0 72.7 68.0 75.2 99.1 98.6 93.7 77.0 - 84.2 June ............................ 86.9 86.3 85.2 67.4 61.6 70.0 96.5 95.9 91.0 70.6 - 79.4 July ............................. 83.9 83.4 81.9 67.3 62.0 69.4 93.4 93.0 87.6 71.2 - 78.1 August ........................ 81.2 80.7 78.0 66.7 61.5 68.3 90.6 90.2 83.7 70.5 NA 76.1 September .................. 80.8 80.4 76.4 67.7 62.4 68.8 89.8 89.4 82.1 71.5 W 76.1 October .......................

242

Petroleum Products Table 43. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,177.8 2,177.8 33,696.7 41,031.4 115,778.7 25,866.5 182,676.6 9,536.5 9,794.2 12,905.9 15,962.1 - 28,868.0 February ............................. 33,085.6 34,725.7 42,808.2 121,887.8 32,127.0 196,822.9 9,746.2 10,022.4 13,588.9 16,896.7 - 30,485.6 March .................................. 34,978.9 36,685.7 45,070.0 122,489.6 28,845.0 196,404.5 9,984.6 10,254.2 W 16,980.4 W 30,689.3 April .................................... 36,627.7 38,654.6 46,870.7 132,107.0 39,827.2 218,805.0 9,633.1 9,933.5 13,367.1 17,002.1 - 30,369.2 May ..................................... 38,548.0 40,338.1 48,651.6 137,813.8 38,767.1 225,232.5 9,234.8 9,508.1 12,618.4 16,543.3 - 29,161.6 June .................................... 39,265.8 40,954.4 48,139.0 137,339.2 43,089.0

243

Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1994 January ....................... 31.4 32.9 44.3 108.4 22.6 175.3 8.1 8.4 12.1 13.6 0.2 25.9 February ..................... 32.5 34.2 46.7 112.6 21.0 180.2 8.3 8.6 12.2 14.4 0.1 26.7 March .......................... 34.4 36.2 48.0 116.1 21.1 185.3 8.4 8.7 12.8 15.4 0.2 28.4 April ............................ 34.2 35.8 48.0 119.8 24.1 191.9 8.4 8.7 12.9 15.5 0.1 28.6 May ............................. 34.6 36.3 48.2 120.2 24.3 192.7 8.5 8.8 12.9 15.9 0.1 29.0 June ............................ 35.8 37.5 49.2 124.7 24.5 198.4 8.6 8.9 13.3 16.5 0.3 30.1 July ............................. 35.1 36.6 48.4 123.3 21.3 193.0 8.6 8.8 13.0 16.2 0.2 29.5 August ........................ 36.0 37.6 49.0 128.1 25.0 202.0 8.6 8.9 13.0 16.7 0.2 30.0 September .................. 35.1 36.6 47.5 124.8 26.0 198.3 8.3 8.6 12.7 16.0 0.2 28.9 October

244

Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 1996 ................................ 24.1 25.4 17.8 108.5 27.1 153.4 5.7 5.9 4.4 12.9 NA 17.3 1997 January ....................... 20.6 22.0 14.8 98.3 26.4 139.6 4.7 4.9 3.7 11.5 - 15.1 February ..................... 22.1 23.7 15.4 102.9 31.2 149.5 5.0 5.2 3.8 11.9 - 15.7 March .......................... 24.0 25.5 16.8 106.4 27.7 150.9 5.5 5.7 4.0 12.2 W 16.2 April ............................ 25.1 26.9 18.2 111.8 26.9 156.9 5.8 5.9 4.2 12.9 - 17.0 May ............................. 24.7 26.0 17.7 112.7 26.3 156.7 5.7 5.8 4.2 13.0 - 17.1 June ............................ 25.6 26.9 17.7 115.4 22.1 155.2 5.9 6.1 4.2 13.3 - 17.4 July ............................. 27.8 29.1 17.2 123.4 25.2 165.8 6.4 6.6 4.1 14.4 - 18.5 August ........................ 27.3 28.7 17.3 119.9 24.7 161.9 6.2 6.4 4.0 13.5 - 17.6 September ..................

245

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD District  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PAD District I 1984 ...................................... 92.3 84.8 NA NA 102.5 92.4 91.6 84.2 1985 ...................................... 93.6 85.2 NA NA 104.2 93.3 93.4 85.2 1986 ...................................... 63.9 53.2 NA NA 76.1 62.1 65.3 55.2 1987 ...................................... 67.5 57.7 NA NA 80.5 68.2 69.9 60.6 1988 ...................................... 67.1 56.1 NA NA 81.3 68.7 70.8 60.2 1989 ...................................... 74.1 62.7 82.0 70.0 90.5 76.7 79.4 67.9 1990 ...................................... 87.6 77.7 94.8 83.2 101.9 89.0 91.8 81.5 1991 ...................................... 79.2 70.6 87.5 75.7 95.9 83.2 83.8 74.2 1992 ...................................... 74.0 65.1 84.1 71.4 93.0 78.4 79.6 69.3 1993 ...................................... 69.7 59.0 80.2 66.1

246

Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ....................... 33.5 35.0 - - - 170.6 8.2 8.4 - - - 25.2 February ..................... 35.3 37.0 - - - 179.9 8.6 8.8 - - - 27.0 March .......................... 35.6 37.4 - - - 182.3 8.5 8.8 - - - 26.8 April ............................ 36.5 38.3 - - - 184.4 8.6 8.9 - - - 27.6 May ............................. 36.1 37.7 - - - 182.2 8.6 8.9 - - - 27.1 June ............................ 38.0 39.7 - - - 191.9 8.9 9.2 - - - 28.2 July ............................. 36.5 38.0 - - - 189.3 9.0 9.3 - - - 28.9 August ........................ 36.1 37.7 - - - 187.0 9.0 9.2 - - - 28.4 September .................. 35.5 37.1 - - - 181.9 8.6 8.9 - - - 27.9 October ....................... 34.5 36.2 47.9 116.5 18.2 182.6 8.7 9.0 13.1 14.9 0.2 28.1 November ................... 34.7 36.2

247

Table 7. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ....................... 32.2 33.7 41.0 115.8 25.9 182.7 9.5 9.8 12.9 16.0 - 28.9 February ..................... 33.1 34.7 42.8 121.9 32.1 196.8 9.7 10.0 13.6 16.9 - 30.5 March .......................... 35.0 36.7 45.1 122.5 28.8 196.4 10.0 10.3 13.7 17.0 W 30.7 April ............................ 36.6 38.7 46.9 132.1 39.8 218.8 9.6 9.9 13.4 17.0 - 30.4 May ............................. 38.5 40.3 48.7 137.8 38.8 225.2 9.2 9.5 12.6 16.5 - 29.2 June ............................ 39.3 41.0 48.1 137.3 43.1 228.6 9.6 9.8 12.6 16.6 - 29.3 July ............................. 38.6 40.4 47.3 141.2 40.8 229.4 9.5 9.8 12.6 17.4 - 29.9 August ........................ 38.8 40.7 48.0 141.8 35.2 225.0 9.6 10.0 12.7 17.3 NA 30.1 September .................. 37.9 39.6 46.6 131.4 31.5 209.5 9.4 9.6 12.4 15.9 W 28.4 October .......................

248

U.S. Through Retail Outlets Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

249

U.S. Sales for Resale, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

250

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

- - - - November ... 77.9 77.7 72.6 60.3 58.7 65.2 89.8 89.5 77.9 69.0 - 75.4 December ... 76.4 75.7 72.0 56.7 53.3 63.7 87.8 87.2 77.0 62.5 W 72.6...

251

Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

79.4 78.8 68.4 58.1 NA 62.0 November ... 65.4 64.9 59.1 50.2 46.4 51.2 75.2 74.6 65.3 53.2 NA 57.3 December ... 60.4 59.8 54.0 42.3 40.1 43.8 70.8...

252

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1995 January ... 75.7 75.1 72.1 59.0 56.1 65.0 85.3 84.8 77.1 63.5 - 73.2 February ... 74.4 73.8 70.9 59.4 57.5 64.7 83.5 83.1 75.6 64.3 -...

253

Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, PAD...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

83.2 101.9 89.0 91.8 81.5 1991 ... 79.2 70.6 87.5 75.7 95.9 83.2 83.8 74.2 1992 ... 74.0 65.1 84.1 71.4...

254

Table 8. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ... 65.7 65.0 59.5 52.3 48.2 52.4 75.7 74.9 66.3 56.8 W 59.2 February ... 65.7 65.1 60.6 53.4 49.6 53.7 75.4 74.7 67.4 57.9 W...

255

Table 12. U.S. Refiner Reformulated Motor Gasoline Prices by...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

92.4 92.1 83.7 74.1 W 80.9 1997 January ... 82.4 82.1 77.1 74.3 73.6 75.6 92.1 91.8 82.7 78.1 W 81.4 February ... 82.9 82.6 77.8 71.2 72.9...

256

Table 6. U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

70.0 66.4 57.0 53.0 58.4 79.8 79.3 72.2 61.1 - 66.1 March ... 75.8 75.3 70.9 64.0 59.3 64.9 84.7 84.3 77.0 67.9 W 72.0 April ......

257

U.S. Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

258

Table 9. U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

January ....................... 22.2 23.4 20.4 96.1 20.6 137.2 6.3 6.5 6.5 11.7 0.1 18.3 February ..................... 24.6 26.0 25.6 104.0 19.9 149.6 6.9 7.1 7.9 W W 21.2 March .......................... 31.6 33.2 42.2 113.4 20.6 176.2 7.9 8.2 11.6 W W 26.8 April ............................ 32.9 34.5 43.5 117.7 23.8 185.0 8.1 8.4 11.7 W W 27.0 May ............................. 34.2 35.8 47.6 119.7 24.3 191.6 8.5 8.8 W W 0.1 28.9 June ............................ 35.3 37.1 W W 24.5 197.4 W W W W 0.3 W July ............................. 34.7 36.2 W 122.7 W 191.9 W W W W 0.2 W August ........................ 35.6 37.2 48.6 W W 200.6 W 8.9 13.0 16.6 0.2 29.8 September .................. 34.1 35.6 44.7 123.2 25.0 193.0 8.2 8.5 12.0 W W 27.8 October ....................... 26.7 28.1 27.4 110.9 22.9 161.2 7.2 7.5

259

Table 35. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

83.0 83.0 73.6 72.4 92.4 79.2 79.1 101.0 83.3 84.5 87.2 75.5 75.0 February ............................. 82.4 72.4 70.4 91.9 78.9 77.5 100.2 84.0 82.6 86.5 74.5 73.0 March .................................. 80.4 70.4 68.7 90.1 78.5 76.0 98.3 82.1 80.6 84.6 72.6 71.4 April .................................... 80.3 68.7 67.7 89.9 79.3 75.4 97.9 NA 79.7 84.4 73.2 70.4 May ..................................... 81.0 69.7 68.6 90.2 77.1 75.7 97.9 86.5 80.5 85.0 73.8 71.3 June .................................... 79.7 67.3 65.6 89.1 73.6 73.0 96.8 82.4 77.5 83.8 70.8 68.4 July ..................................... 77.9 65.4 64.8 87.3 71.4 71.9 95.5 81.2 77.0 82.0 69.2 67.5 August ................................ 83.2 72.1 72.2 92.7 77.9 79.5 100.8 89.6 84.5 87.2 75.8 75.0 September .......................... 83.6 70.7 69.5 93.2 80.4 77.9

260

Drilling motor deviation tool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An extension for a down hole drilling motor is described, which adapts the motor for selective configuration for straight hole drilling or directional drilling, selectively. It consists of: an elongated generally tubular body, adapted at a first end to rigidly attach to the lower end of a down hole drilling motor housing, the body having an opening extending along the general centerline of the body; fluid channel means situated in the opening to conduct drilling fluid from the motor fluid output means to a downwardly continuing drill string element; output shaft means situated in the body and extending from a second end of the body, the output shaft adapted at the extended extreme for attachment to a downwardly continuing drill string element; selector valve means situated in the body, operatively associated with drilling fluid channels in the body, responsive to drilling fluid flow to produce a first output signal in response to fluid flow manipulations having a first characteristic and to produce a second output signal in response to fluid flow manipulations having a second characteristic; and driveshaft connector means in the opening, operatively associated with the output shaft of the motor and the output shaft means to connect the two for sympathetic rotation.

Falgout, T.E.; Schoeffler, W.N.

1989-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Action Refinement from a Logical Point of View  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Action refinement provides a mechanism to design a complex reactive system hierarchically. This paper is devoted to action refinement from a logical point of view, and to combining the hierarchical implementation of a complex system with the hierarchical ... Keywords: action refinement, modal logics, reactive systems, specification, verification

Mila E. Majster-Cederbaum; Naijun Zhan; Harald Fecher

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Sensory-Motor Integration and Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spinal interneurons during motor pattern generation inStep, Swim, and Scratch Motor Patterns in the Turtle. JStep, Swim, and Scratch Motor Patterns in the Turtle. J

Welch, Dan Bruce

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

The MotorMaster+ Software Tool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

motors.html MotorMaster+ also provides technical data that can assist with the optimization of drive systems, motor purchasing, and energy accounting, as well as energy...

264

Brushless Motor Controller Report Spring 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brushless Motor Controller Report Spring 2010 May 15, 2010 Brian Clementi MAE of 2010 322 Bogert ...................................................................................................... 5 A. Motor Description...................................................................................................... 5 B. The Motor Controller Board

Ruina, Andy L.

265

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake-Related Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake-Related Research Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Safety Technology Showcase October 14, 2010 Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor

266

High-megawatt Electric Drive Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Page 2. ABB BU Machines April 10, 2009 | Slide 2 High-megawatt Electric Drive Motors ... motor concept ... A selection of compressor motors >30MW. ...

2012-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

267

Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ International  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

special or definite purpose motors. To quickly determine the annual energy and dollar savings of a NEMA Premium efficiency or EFF1 motor over a lower efficiency motor...

268

Bent shaft motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nonelectromagnetic motor comprising a base, a bent shaft which is rotable relative to the base wherein the bent shaft comprises a straight portion aligned with a main axis and an offset portion that is offset with respect to the main axis; and a drive means for driving the offset portion of the bent shaft along a generally circular path in a plane perpendicular to the main axis to rotate the bent shaft. The bent shaft and drive means for driving the bent shaft can be selected from piezoelectric, magnetostrictive, rheological and shape memory alloys. The drive means of the nonelectromagnetic motor can additionally comprise a shell which shell surrounds and houses the bent shaft and precesses or gyrates which in turn causes the bent drive shaft to rotate. The nonelectromagnetic motor does not rely on friction for the application of torque upon a rotor.

Benavides, Gilbert L. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported...

270

Motor current signature analysis method for diagnosing motor operated devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor current noise signature analysis method and apparatus for remotely monitoring the operating characteristics of an electric motor-operated device such as a motor-operated valve. Frequency domain signal analysis techniques are applied to a conditioned motor current signal to distinctly identify various operating parameters of the motor driven device from the motor current signature. The signature may be recorded and compared with subsequent signatures to detect operating abnormalities and degradation of the device. This diagnostic method does not require special equipment to be installed on the motor-operated device, and the current sensing may be performed at remote control locations, e.g., where the motor-operated devices are used in accessible or hostile environments.

Haynes, Howard D. (Kingston, TN); Eissenberg, David M. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Design and prototyping methods for brushless motors and motor control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this report, simple, low-cost design and prototyping methods for custom brushless permanent magnet synchronous motors are explored. Three case-study motors are used to develop, illustrate and validate the methods. Two ...

Colton, Shane W. (Shane William)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Method for assessing motor insulation on operating motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for monitoring the condition of electrical-motor-driven devices. The method is achieved by monitoring electrical variables associated with the functioning of an operating motor, applying these electrical variables to a three phase equivalent circuit and determining non-symmetrical faults in the operating motor based upon symmetrical components analysis techniques.

Kueck, John D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Otaduy, Pedro J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Method for assessing motor insulation on operating motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for monitoring the condition of electrical-motor-driven devices is disclosed. The method is achieved by monitoring electrical variables associated with the functioning of an operating motor, applying these electrical variables to a three phase equivalent circuit and determining non-symmetrical faults in the operating motor based upon symmetrical components analysis techniques. 15 figs.

Kueck, J.D.; Otaduy, P.J.

1997-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

274

Ladle Refining Furnaces for the Steel Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been a tremendous interest in the use of ladle refining furnaces in the last few years. Several units have been or are being constructed in the United States and most steel companies are seriously considering installing them. The purpose of this report is to inform the member companies of EPRI of the development and operations of ladle furnaces and to assist steel companies in determining if ladle furnaces fit their goals and which particular unit would be best for their operation. In this repo...

1990-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

275

motor vehicles | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

motor vehicles motor vehicles Dataset Summary Description The data included in this submission is United States Department of Transportation (DOT) data on rates and revenue statistics up to 1995. The data includes state motor-fuel tax receipts, 1919-1995, state motor fuel taxes and related receipts, 1950-1995, and state and federal motor fuel tax rates, 1919-1995 The data is presented in .xlsx format. Source DOT Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords DOT highway motor vehicles rates revenues Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon State motor-fuel tax receipts, 1919-1995 (xlsx, 13.8 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon State motor fuel taxes and related receipts, 1950-1995 (xlsx, 78.5 KiB)

276

Brandl Motor | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Motor Jump to: navigation, search Name Brandl Motor Address Calvinstr 24 Place Berlin Zip 10557 Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone number +49 30 39 48 06 38 Website http:http:...

277

AGNI Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Place India Zip 370 230 Sector Vehicles Product UK-based manufacturer of DC Motors and Battery Management Systems for Electric Vehicles References AGNI Motors1 LinkedIn...

278

Motor gasolines, winter 1982-83  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analytical data for 1330 samples of motor gasoline, were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 28 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since winter 1959-1960 survey for the leaded gasolines, and since winter 1979-1980 survey for the unleaded gasolines. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R + M/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R + M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.3 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.5 for unleaded 90.0 and above, and 89.1 for leaded below 93.0, and no data was reported in this report for leaded gasolines with an antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above. 21 figures, 5 tables.

Shelton, E.M.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment Tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment Tools Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Safety Technology Showcase October 14, 2010 Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor #12;Overview · Commercial Motor Vehicle (CMV) Air Brake System · North American Standard Level-1

280

Multiple stage miniature stepping motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stepping motor comprising a plurality of stages which may be selectively activated to effect stepping movement of the motor, and which are mounted along a common rotor shaft to achieve considerable reduction in motor size and minimum diameter, whereby sequential activation of the stages results in successive rotor steps with direction being determined by the particular activating sequence followed.

Niven, William A. (Livermore, CA); Shikany, S. David (Danville, CA); Shira, Michael L. (Fremont, CA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Guide for Determining Motor Repair versus Motor Replacement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Motor Replacement/Refurbishment Guide (MRRG) was written to aid with the determination on whether to repair an existing motor or to purchase a replacement motor. This guideline provides the basic tools necessary to make a determination based upon, but not limited to, the extent of the repair scope and the cost of the repair. This guideline presents a process to be utilized by the station or corporate motor specialist to assess the motor repair scope both initial and revised. The data gathering proces...

2005-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

282

Adaptive Mesh Refinement for Characteristic Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I consider techniques for Berger-Oliger adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) when numerically solving partial differential equations with wave-like solutions, using characteristic (double-null) grids. Such AMR algorithms are naturally recursive, and the best-known past Berger-Oliger characteristic AMR algorithm, that of Pretorius & Lehner (J. Comp. Phys. 198 (2004), 10), recurses on individual "diamond" characteristic grid cells. This leads to the use of fine-grained memory management, with individual grid cells kept in 2-dimensional linked lists at each refinement level. This complicates the implementation and adds overhead in both space and time. Here I describe a Berger-Oliger characteristic AMR algorithm which instead recurses on null \\emph{slices}. This algorithm is very similar to the usual Cauchy Berger-Oliger algorithm, and uses relatively coarse-grained memory management, allowing entire null slices to be stored in contiguous arrays in memory. The algorithm is very efficient in both space and time. I describe discretizations yielding both 2nd and 4th order global accuracy. My code implementing the algorithm described here is included in the electronic supplementary materials accompanying this paper, and is freely available to other researchers under the terms of the GNU general public license.

Jonathan Thornburg

2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

283

Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

schedules Motor inventory information, including motor nameplate information, operating profile, load status, and field measurements Life cycle economics, including depreciation...

284

Motor technology for mining applications advances  

SciTech Connect

AC motors are steadily replacing DC motors in mining and mineral processing equipment, requiring less maintenance. The permanent magnet rotor, or the synchronous motor, has enabled Blador to introduce a line of cooling tower motors. Synchronous motors are soon likely to take over from the induction motor. 1 photo.

Fiscor, S.

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

285

ams2000.com Stepper Motor System Basics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. STEPPING MOTORS TYPES OF STEPPING MOTORS VARIABLE RELUCTANCE PERMANENT MAGNET HYBRID MOTOR WINDINGS motor with the magnetic field electronically switched to rotate the armature magnet around. A Stepping MOTORS There are basically three types of stepping motors; variable reluctance, permanent magnet

Bechtold, Jill

286

A generic theorem prover of CSP refinement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We describe a new tool called Csp-Prover which is an interactive theorem prover dedicated to refinement proofs within the process algebra Csp. It aims specifically at proofs for infinite state systems, which may also involve infinite non-determinism. Semantically, Csp-Prover supports both the theory of complete metric spaces as well as the theory of complete partial orders. Both these theories are implemented for infinite product spaces. Technically, Csp-Prover is based on the theorem prover Isabelle. It provides a deep encoding of Csp. The tools architecture follows a generic approach which makes it easy to adapt it for various Csp models besides those studied here: the stable failures model F and the traces model T. 1

Yoshinao Isobe; Markus Roggenbach

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Visualization of Scalar Adaptive Mesh Refinement Data  

SciTech Connect

Adaptive Mesh Refinement (AMR) is a highly effective computation method for simulations that span a large range of spatiotemporal scales, such as astrophysical simulations, which must accommodate ranges from interstellar to sub-planetary. Most mainstream visualization tools still lack support for AMR grids as a first class data type and AMR code teams use custom built applications for AMR visualization. The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Science Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) Visualization and Analytics Center for Enabling Technologies (VACET) is currently working on extending VisIt, which is an open source visualization tool that accommodates AMR as a first-class data type. These efforts will bridge the gap between general-purpose visualization applications and highly specialized AMR visual analysis applications. Here, we give an overview of the state of the art in AMR scalar data visualization research.

VACET; Weber, Gunther; Weber, Gunther H.; Beckner, Vince E.; Childs, Hank; Ligocki, Terry J.; Miller, Mark C.; Van Straalen, Brian; Bethel, E. Wes

2007-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

288

Visualization Tools for Adaptive Mesh Refinement Data  

SciTech Connect

Adaptive Mesh Refinement (AMR) is a highly effective method for simulations that span a large range of spatiotemporal scales, such as astrophysical simulations that must accommodate ranges from interstellar to sub-planetary. Most mainstream visualization tools still lack support for AMR as a first class data type and AMR code teams use custom built applications for AMR visualization. The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Science Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) Visualization and Analytics Center for Enabling Technologies (VACET) is currently working on extending VisIt, which is an open source visualization tool that accommodates AMR as a first-class data type. These efforts will bridge the gap between general-purpose visualization applications and highly specialized AMR visual analysis applications. Here, we give an overview of the state of the art in AMR visualization research and tools and describe how VisIt currently handles AMR data.

Weber, Gunther H.; Beckner, Vincent E.; Childs, Hank; Ligocki,Terry J.; Miller, Mark C.; Van Straalen, Brian; Bethel, E. Wes

2007-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

289

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Gasoline pump prices have backed down from the high prices experienced last summer and fall. The retail price for regular motor gasoline fell 11 cents per gallon from September to December. However, with crude oil prices rebounding somewhat from their December lows combined with lower than normal stock levels, we project that prices at the pump will rise modestly as the 2001 driving season begins this spring. For the summer of 2001, we expect only a little difference from the average price of $1.50 per gallon seen during the previous driving season, as motor gasoline stocks going into the driving season are projected to be slightly less than they were last year. The situation of relatively low inventories for gasoline could set the stage for some regional imbalances in supply that could once again

290

TFTR Motor Generator  

SciTech Connect

A general description is given of 475 MVA pulsed motor generators for TFTR at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. Two identical generators operating in parallel are capable of supplying 950 MVA for an equivalent square pulse of 6.77 seconds and 4,500 MJ at 0.7 power factor to provide the energy for the pulsed electrical coils and heating system for TFTR. The description includes the operational features of the 15,000 HP wound rotor motors driving each generator with its starting equipment and cycloconverter for controlling speed, power factor, and regulating line voltage during load pulsing where the generator speed changes from 87.5 to 60 Hz frequency variation to provide the 4,500 MJ or energy. The special design characteristics such as fatigue stress calculations for 10/sup 6/ cycles of operation, forcing factor on exciter to provide regulation, and low generator impedance are reviewed.

Murray, J.G.; Bronner, G.; Horton, M.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Renewable Energy Project Refinement Webinar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Renewable Energy Project Refinement Webinar Renewable Energy Project Refinement Webinar Renewable Energy Project Refinement Webinar May 28, 2014 11:00AM MDT Attendees will become familiar with the three components of project refinement: project financing strategies, off-taker agreements, and vendor selection. Project refinement obstacles, particularly financing, can deter the deployment of renewable energy projects on tribal lands. Attendees will learn about the financial resources and ownership options available-including venture capital and innovative financing-that can help Tribes overcome longstanding barriers and attract higher levels of private investment. Finally, attendees will learn how project refinement can accelerate renewable energy development and, with it, tribal economic and community development. There is no cost to attend the webinar, but

292

A CSP Account of Event-B Refinement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Event-B provides a flexible framework for stepwise system development via refinement. The framework supports steps for (a) refining events (one-by-one), (b) splitting events (one-by-many), and (c) introducing new events. In each of the steps events can moreover possibly be anticipated or convergent. All such steps are accompanied with precise proof obligations. Still, it remains unclear what the exact relationship - in terms of a behaviour-oriented semantics - between an Event-B machine and its refinement is. In this paper, we give a CSP account of Event-B refinement, with a treatment for the first time of splitting events and of anticipated events. To this end, we define a CSP semantics for Event-B and show how the different forms of Event-B refinement can be captured as CSP refinement.

Schneider, Steve; Wehrheim, Heike; 10.4204/EPTCS.55.9

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Motor vehicle fuel economy, the forgotten HC control stragegy?  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Emissions of hydrocarbons from motor vehicles are recognized as major contributors to ozone pollution in urban areas. Petroleum-based motor fuels contain volatile organic compounds (VOC) which, together with oxides of nitrogen, promote the formation of ozone in the troposphere via complex photochemical reactions. VOC emissions from the tailpipe and evaporation from the fuel and engine systems of highway vehicles are believed to account for about 40% of total VOC emissions in any region. But motor fuels also generate emissions throughout the fuel cycle, from crude oil production to refining, storage, transportation, and handling, that can make significant contributions to the total inventory of VOC emissions. Many of these sources of emissions are directly related to the quantity of fuel produced and handled throughout the fuel cycle. It is, therefore, reasonable to expect that a reduction in total fuel throughput might result in a reduction of VOC emissions. In particular, reducing vehicle fuel consumption by increasing vehicle fuel economy should reduce total fuel throughput, thereby cutting total emissions of VOCS. In this report we identify the sources of VOC emissions throughout the motor fuel cycle, quantify them to the extent possible, and describe their dependence on automobile and light truck fuel economy.

Deluchi, M.; Wang, Quanlu; Greene, D.L.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policy Impacts Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/0,,contentMDK:2298 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/renewable-energy-financial-instrument Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Training & Education Renewable Energy Financial Instruments Guidance Tool (REFINe) aims to assist policy in identifying appropriate financial instruments to scale-up

295

High Temperature Oxidation Behavior of Grain-refined Inconel 617 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Cr-depleted zone of grain-refined alloy was thicker than that of the ... Intergranular Thermal Residual Strain in Rolled and Texture-free ?-Uranium.

296

WPSR provides comprehensive crude oil and refined products ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA's Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) is the most comprehensive weekly data available for U.S. crude oil and refined petroleum product balances.

297

Refiner Prices of Gasoline, All Grades - Sales for Resale  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type ... Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: ... Alabama: 2.759: 2.740: 2.731: ...

298

Massachusetts Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Area: ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail Outlets: ...

299

Refining District Minnesota-Wisconsin-North Dakota-South Dakota ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refining District Minnesota-Wisconsin-North Dakota-South Dakota Gas Plant Production of Natural Gas Liquids and Liquid Refinery Gases (Thousand Barrels)

300

Refining District Oklahoma-Kansas-Missouri Natural Gas Liquids ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refining District Oklahoma-Kansas-Missouri Natural Gas Liquids and Liquid Refinery Gases Stocks at Natural Gas Processing Plants (Thousand Barrels)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Production, Refining and Recycling of Rare Earth Metals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This symposium is targeting on overview of the current state of the art for production, refining and recycling of the rare earth metals. In addition the symposium is...

302

Rising challenges for the petroleum refiners in managing corrosion ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2014 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Materials Aspects of Corrosion and Fouling in Oil Refining and Exploration.

303

Refiners react to changes in the pipeline infrastructure  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum pipelines have long been a critical component in the distribution of crude and refined products in the U.S. Pipelines are typically the most cost efficient mode of transportation for reasonably consistent flow rates. For obvious reasons, inland refineries and consumers are much more dependent on petroleum pipelines to provide supplies of crude and refined products than refineries and consumers located on the coasts. Significant changes in U.S. distribution patterns for crude and refined products are reshaping the pipeline infrastructure and presenting challenges and opportunities for domestic refiners. These changes are discussed.

Giles, K.A. [Barnes and Click Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Electron Beam Cold Hearth Refining of Investment Casting ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electron Beam Cold Hearth Refining of Investment Casting Superalloys in a Large Production EB Furnace. Janine C. Borofka. Axe1 Johnson Metals, Inc.

305

CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF SOLVENT REFINED COAL TO LIQUID PRODUCTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Friedman, S. ,"Conversion of Anthraxylon - Kinetics ofiv- LBL 116807 CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF SOLVENT REFINED COALand Mechanisms of Coal Conversion to Clean Fuel,iI pre-

Tanner, K.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Effect of Sonotrode Design on Simultaneous Grain Refinement and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P-18: Phosphorus Partitioning During EAF Refining of DRI Based Steel ... P-8: Evolution of ESR Technology and Equipment for Long Hollow Ingots Manufacture.

307

Massachusetts Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Massachusetts Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 ... No.1 and No. 2 ...

308

Neutral Oil Loss During Alkali Refining - ResearchGate  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Neutral Oil Loss During Alkali Refining. Albert J. Dijkstra. Journal of Oil & Fat Industries (Impact ... Experiments with cotton oil and soybean o ...

309

Studies on Refining Cobalt Salt Solution by Extraction ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cobalt sulfate solution was refined by PC88A levextrel Resins which produced from HPD-100 type of ethylene benzene -divinylbenzene porous adsorption resin ...

310

Table 40. Refiners' Total Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 40. Refiners' Total Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity as of January 1, 2005 Companies with Capacity Over 100,000 bbl/cd

311

Table 5. Refiners' Total Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 5. Refiners' Total Operable Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity as of January 1, 2006 Companies with Capacity Over 100,000 bbl/cd

312

Refining District Minnesota-Wisconsin-North Dakota-South Dakota ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refining District Minnesota-Wisconsin-North Dakota-South Dakota Gas Plant Production of Propane and Propylene (Thousand Barrels per Day)

313

Refiners Switch to RFG Complex Model  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On January 1, 1998, domestic and foreign refineries and importers must stop using the "simple" model and begin using the "complex" model to calculate emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC), toxic air pollutants (TAP), and nitrogen oxides (NOx) from motor gasoline. The primary differences between application of the two models is that some refineries may have to meet stricter standards for the sulfur and olefin content of the reformulated gasoline (RFG) they produce and all refineries will now be held accountable for NOx emissions. Requirements for calculating emissions from conventional gasoline under the anti-dumping rule similarly change for exhaust TAP and NOx. However, the change to the complex model is not expected to result in an increase in the price premium for RFG or constrain supplies.

Information Center

1998-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

314

Method and apparatus for monitoring motor operated valve motor ...  

A method and apparatus are provided for monitoring a motor operated valve during the brief period when the valve seats and the torque switch trips to deenergize the ...

315

Oxygen generator for medical applications (USIC)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall Project objective is to develop a portable, non-cryogenic oxygen generator capable of supplying medical grade oxygen at sufficient flow rates to allow the field application of the Topical Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (THOT{reg_sign}) developed by Numotech, Inc. This project was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Global Initiatives for Proliferation Prevention (GIPP) and is managed by collaboration between Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), Numotech, Inc, and LLC SPE 'Spektr-Conversion.' The project had two phases, with the objective of Phase I being to develop, build and test a laboratory prototype of the membrane-pressure swing adsorber (PSA) system producing at 15 L/min of oxygen with a minimum of 98% oxygen purity. Phase II objectives were to further refine and identify the pre-requisites needed for a commercial product and to determine the feasibility of producing 15 L/min of oxygen with a minimum oxygen purity of 99%. In Phase I, Spektr built up the necessary infrastructure to perform experimental work and proceeded to build and demonstrate a membrane-PSA laboratory prototype capable of producing 98% purity oxygen at a flow rate of 5 L/min. Spektr offered a plausible path to scale up the process for 15 L/min. Based on the success and experimental results obtained in Phase I, Spektr performed work in three areas for Phase II: construction of a 15 L/min PSA; investigation of compressor requirements for the front end of the membrane/PSA system; and performing modeling and simulation of assess the feasibility of producing oxygen with a purity greater than 99%. Spektr successfully completed all of the tasks under Phase II. A prototype 15 L/min PSA was constructed and operated. Spektr determined that no 'off the shelf' air compressors met all of the specifications required for the membrane-PSA, so a custom compressor will likely need to be built. Modeling and simulation concluded that production of oxygen with purities greater than 99% was possible using a Membrane-PSA system.

Staiger, C. L.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Hybrid membrane--PSA system for separating oxygen from air  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A portable, non-cryogenic, oxygen generation system capable of delivering oxygen gas at purities greater than 98% and flow rates of 15 L/min or more is described. The system consists of two major components. The first component is a high efficiency membrane capable of separating argon and a portion of the nitrogen content from air, yielding an oxygen-enriched permeate flow. This is then fed to the second component, a pressure swing adsorption (PSA) unit utilizing a commercially available, but specifically formulated zeolite compound to remove the remainder of the nitrogen from the flow. The system is a unique gas separation system that can operate at ambient temperatures, for producing high purity oxygen for various applications (medical, refining, chemical production, enhanced combustion, fuel cells, etc . . . ) and represents a significant advance compared to current technologies.

Staiger, Chad L. (Albuquerque, NM); Vaughn, Mark R. (Albuquerque, NM); Miller, A. Keith (Albuquerque, NM); Cornelius, Christopher J. (Blackburg, VA)

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

317

Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MotorMaster+ to MotorMaster+ to someone by E-mail Share Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ on Facebook Tweet about Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ on Twitter Bookmark Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ on Google Bookmark Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ on Delicious Rank Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ on Digg Find More places to share Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ on AddThis.com... MotorMaster+ This photo shows the inner workings of an industrial electric motor with gears. In the lower left hand corner are the words "MotorMaster+" and underneath are the words "Motor-Driven Systems." Download MotorMaster+ now! Version: 4.01.01 Release Date: September 21, 2010 Release Notes Metric Unit Measurements: No

318

Electric Motors and Critical Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Suggestions (Have an idea of how to get there) * Integration of motor, power converter, and speed reducer * Soft magnetic core material with high saturation...

319

Finished Motor Gasoline Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Finished motor gasoline ...

320

Imports of Total Motor Gasoline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Reformulated and conventional gasoline production excludes adjustments for fuel ethanol and motor gasoline blending components. Historical data prior to June 4, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

NVLAP Efficiency of Electric Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... program was originally developed at the request of the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) to assist the electric motor industry in ...

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

322

Primary Metals - Compressor Motors Failing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This power quality (PQ) case study presents the investigation of four failures of compressor motors for a two stage chiller at a primary metals manufacturing facility.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

323

Improving Ariadne's Bundle by Following Multiple Threads in Abstraction Refinement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors propose a scalable abstraction-refinement method for model checking invariant properties on large sequential circuits, which is based on fine-grain abstraction and simultaneous analysis of all abstract counterexamples of the shortest length. ... Keywords: Abstraction refinement, binary decision diagram (BDD), formal verification, model checking, satisfiability (SAT)

Chao Wang; Bing Li; HoonSang Jin; G. D. Hachtel; F. Somenzi

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Green Vegetable Oil ProcessingChapter 9 Physical Refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Green Vegetable Oil Processing Chapter 9 Physical Refining Processing eChapters Processing 7E84B6524348AB59C4DF2B6D388E2582 AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 9 Physical Refining from the book ...

325

Refining and End Use Study of Coal Liquids  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes revisions to the design basis for the linear programing refining model that is being used in the Refining and End Use Study of Coal Liquids. This revision primarily reflects the addition of data for the upgrading of direct coal liquids.

None

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Augmenting Counterexample-Guided Abstraction Refinement with Proof Templates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Existing software model checkers based on predicate abstraction and refinement typically perform poorly at verifying the absence of buffer overflows, with analyses depending on the sizes of the arrays checked. We observe that many of these analyses can ... Keywords: safety verification, counterexample-guided abstraction refinement, proof templates, software model checkers, predicate abstraction, buffer overflows verification, array traversal idioms, PtYasm, Verisec suite

T. E. Hart; K. Ku; A. Gurfinkel; M. Chechik; D. Lie

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Hierarchical Partitioning Techniques for Structured Adaptive Mesh Refinement Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the design and preliminary evaluation of hierarchical partitioning and load-balancing techniques for distributed structured adaptive mesh refinement (SAMR) applications. The overall goal of these techniques is to enable the load distribution ... Keywords: distributed computing, dynamic load balancing, hierarchical partitioning algorithm, structured adaptive mesh refinement

Xiaolin Li; Manish Parashar

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Shipping and Storage of Electric Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric motor predictive and preventive maintenance programs have been written and describe the best methodology for increasing motor reliability. However, many utilities have invested substantial resources into the procurement of spare motors. These motors are stored both onsite and off site (at vendor facilities). In addition, motors are being refurbished/reconditioned and must be shipped and possibly stored upon return.

2004-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

329

Table 24. Refining Industry Energy Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

- Corrections to Tables 24 to 32 - Corrections to Tables 24 to 32 Table 24. Refining Industry Energy Consumption 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2002- 2025 Carbon Dioxide Emissions 4/ (million metric tons) 190.4 185.7 188.0 191.3 207.3 215.6 220.0 222.8 225.1 226.3 228.0 230.7 234.1 237.5 238.5 239.4 239.4 238.6 240.6 240.5 242.2 244.2 245.9 246.3 246.6 1.2% Table 25. Food Industry Energy Consumption 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2002- 2025 Carbon Dioxide Emissions 3/ (million metric tons) 87.8 89.4 87.5 87.8 89.2 90.2 90.9 91.4 92.2 93.5 94.5 95.7 96.7 97.7 98.6 99.6 100.8 101.9 102.9 104.1 105.4 107.0 108.7 110.3 112.1 1.0% Table 26. Paper Industry Energy Consumption 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

330

Oxygen ion conducting materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An oxygen ion conducting ceramic oxide that has applications in industry including fuel cells, oxygen pumps, oxygen sensors, and separation membranes. The material is based on the idea that substituting a dopant into the host perovskite lattice of (La,Sr)MnO.sub.3 that prefers a coordination number lower than 6 will induce oxygen ion vacancies to form in the lattice. Because the oxygen ion conductivity of (La,Sr)MnO.sub.3 is low over a very large temperature range, the material exhibits a high overpotential when used. The inclusion of oxygen vacancies into the lattice by doping the material has been found to maintain the desirable properties of (La,Sr)MnO.sub.3, while significantly decreasing the experimentally observed overpotential.

Vaughey, John (Elmhurst, IL); Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL); Wang, Xiaoping (Downers Grove, IL); Carter, J. David (Bolingbrook, IL)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Patterning of the Ciona intestinalis Motor Ganglion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pitx2 as markers for fast motor neurons and partition cells.for the specification of motor neuron identity. Cell Gans,Tsuda, M. (2010). Simple motor system of the ascidian larva:

Stolfi, Alberto Sunao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Motor/generator - Energy Innovation Portal  

A motor/generator is provided for connecting between a transmission input shaft and an output shaft of a prime mover. The motor/generator may include a motor ...

333

COMMERICAL MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATOR EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION SUPPLEMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMERICAL MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATOR EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION SUPPLEMENT _________________________________________________________ Applicants for positions involving the operation of a commercial motor vehicle must comply with Title 49 CFR: _______________ Please list the following information for each unexpired commercial motor vehicle operator license

Roy, Subrata

334

Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor (CMVRTC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor (CMVRTC) Oak Ridge National Laboratory Safety Security Vehicle Technologies Research Brief T he Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology in Tennessee to demonstrate, test, evaluation, and showcase innovative commercial motor vehicle (CMV) safety

335

Industrial motor repair in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report characterizes the motor repair industry in the United States; summarizes current motor repair and testing practice; and identifies barriers to energy motor repair practice and recommends strategies for overcoming those barriers.

Schueler, V.; Leistner, P.; Douglass, J.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Using MotorMaster to Track Motor Inventory and Analyze Purchasing Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MotorMaster 4.0 can be a useful software package for electric motor management decisions in industrial facilities. To be successful, the MotorMaster database must be populated with detailed motor nameplate information. Georgia Tech worked with a large, motor intensive chemical manufacturing plant to collect motor nameplate information on motors 60 hp or larger and populate the motor database. Approximately 130 motors were identified and surveyed. The completed motor database is used to track maintenance actions and to analyze motor replacement options. The approach used to secure and enter motor nameplate data along with examples of purchasing analyses completed will be presented. The success of the MotorMaster software with large motors has convinced the firm to expand its use to smaller horsepower motors.

Brown, M.; Meffort, W.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

U.S. Weekly Refiner & Blender Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Finished motor gasoline ...

338

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Wholesale Volumes 1996 Annual Averages Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Propane Kero-jet Residual Fuel Oil Other Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

339

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Wholesale Volumes 1997 Annual Averages Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Propane Kero-jet Residual Fuel Oil Other Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

340

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Retail Volumes 1997 Annual Averages Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Propane Kero-jet Residual Fuel Oil Other Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Retail Volumes 1996 Annual Averages Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Propane Kero-jet Residual Fuel Oil Other Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

342

Changing System Interfaces Consistently: a New Refinement Strategy for CSP B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Changing System Interfaces Consistently: a New Refinement Strategy for CSP B Steve Schneider refinement in the context of CSP B. Our motivation to include this notion of refinement within the CSP B to change the events of a CSP process and the B machines when refining a system. Notions of refinement based

Doran, Simon J.

343

Electric Motors and Power Quality Disturbances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric motors and motor-driven systems form the backbone of the industrial sector, but these systems are susceptible to several power quality-related problems. Unbalanced voltages; voltage sags, swells, and interruptions; and overvoltages or undervoltages can cause havoc with motors, including premature motor failure from increased heating, motor inefficiency, poor power factor, and decreased starting and fullload torques. Because motor failures often result in loss of revenue, industries need to take ...

2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

344

Piezoelectric wave motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piezoelectric motor having a stator in which piezoelectric elements are contained in slots formed in the stator transverse to the desired wave motion. When an electric field is imposed on the elements, deformation of the elements imposes a force perpendicular to the sides of the slot, deforming the stator. Appropriate frequency and phase shifting of the electric field will produce a wave in the stator and motion in a rotor. In a preferred aspect, the piezoelectric elements are configured so that deformation of the elements in direction of an imposed electric field, generally referred to as the d.sub.33 direction, is utilized to produce wave motion in the stator. In a further aspect, the elements are compressed into the slots so as to minimize tensile stresses on the elements in use.

Yerganian, Simon Scott (Lee' s Summit, MO)

2001-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

345

Piezoelectric wave motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piezoelectric motor having a stator in which piezoelectric elements are contained in slots formed in the stator transverse to the desired wave motion. When an electric field is imposed on the elements, deformation of the elements imposes a force perpendicular to the sides of the slot, deforming the stator. Appropriate frequency and phase-shifting of the electric field will produce a wave in the stator and motion in a rotor. In a preferred aspect, the piezoelectric elements are configured so that deformation of the elements in the direction of an imposed electric field, generally referred to as the d.sub.33 direction, is utilized to produce wave motion in the stator. In a further aspect, the elements are compressed into the slots so as to minimize tensile stresses on the elements in use.

Yerganian, Simon Scott (Lee' s Summit, MO)

2003-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

346

Trexa Motor Corporation TMC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trexa Motor Corporation TMC Jump to: navigation, search Name Trexa Motor Corporation (TMC) Place Los Angeles, California Sector Vehicles Product Los Angeles - based subsidiary of...

347

PC Based wireless stepper motor control.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This project is about making an embedded system in order to control different functionalities of a stepper motor. The main functions of this stepper motor (more)

Jamal, Omar; Khan, Shahnawaz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

CQST/CNEX Efficiency of Electric Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CQST/CNEX Efficiency of Electric Motors. NVLAP Lab Code: 200609-0. ... Send E-Mail to NVLAP at: NVLAP@nist.gov. Efficiency of Electric Motors. ...

2013-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

349

Determining Electric Motor Load and Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nance logging, inventory control, energy and dollar savings tracking, and life cycle cost analysis. MotorMaster+ is available at no cost to Motor Challenge Partners. 10 Electrical...

350

Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ International  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on Twitter Bookmark Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ International on Google Bookmark Advanced Manufacturing Office: MotorMaster+ International on Delicious Rank...

351

Mission Motors Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Motors Company Place San Francisco, California Zip 94103 Product San Francisco-based electric Motorcycle manufacturer. References Mission Motors Company1 LinkedIn...

352

CQST/CNEX Efficiency of Electric Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of Electric Motors. Accreditation Valid From: January 1, 2013 Through: December 31, 2013. [24/M01] IEEE 112, Method B Electric Motor Efficiency ...

2013-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

353

Turn Motors Off When Not in Use  

SciTech Connect

This is one in a series of tip sheets to help manufacturers optimize their industrial motor and motor-driven systems.

Not Available

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Magnetically Coupled Adjustable Speed Motor Drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is one in a series of tip sheets to help manufacturers optimize their industrial motor and motor-driven systems.

Not Available

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Highly Efficient Electric Motor Systems - National Renewable ...  

Electric Motor Systems ... savings. Conical hubs Matching axial field poles. Issued Patents on Motor Geometry. 7 NREL Energy Forum November 2009 www.novatorque.com.

356

Three faces of US refining: Margins by gasoline customer type  

SciTech Connect

While it is well known that the US gasoline market has become more volatile in recent years, it is less widely appreciated that the deeply structured, term-contract-oriented companies within the refining and marketing sectors are likely to obtain the best profit margins. This issue stratifies refining margins by class of wholesale-gasoline trade. This issue also presents the following: (a) ED refining netback data series for the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of September 8, 1989; and (b) ED fuel price/tax series for countries of the Western Hemisphere, September 1989 edition. 5 figs., 5 tabs.

1989-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

357

Integrated process for the solvent refining of coal  

SciTech Connect

A process is set forth for the integrated liquefaction of coal by the catalytic solvent refining of a feed coal in a first stage to liquid and solid products and the catalytic hydrogenation of the solid product in a second stage to produce additional liquid product. A fresh inexpensive, throw-away catalyst is utilized in the second stage hydrogenation of the solid product and this catalyst is recovered and recycled for catalyst duty in the solvent refining stage without any activation steps performed on the used catalyst prior to its use in the solvent refining of feed coal.

Garg, Diwakar (Macungie, PA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

,"Weekly Refiner Net Production"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Net Production" Refiner Net Production" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Weekly Refiner Net Production",21,"Weekly","12/13/2013","6/4/2010" ,"Release Date:","12/18/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/27/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pnp_wprodr_s1_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pnp_wprodr_s1_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/18/2013 10:39:21 AM"

359

Submersible canned motor transfer pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transfer pump used in a waste tank for transferring high-level radioactive liquid waste from a waste tank and having a column assembly, a canned electric motor means, and an impeller assembly with an upper impeller and a lower impeller connected to a shaft of a rotor assembly. The column assembly locates a motor housing with the electric motor means adjacent to the impeller assembly which creates an hydraulic head, and which forces the liquid waste, into the motor housing to cool the electric motor means and to cool and/or lubricate the radial and thrust bearing assemblies. Hard-on-hard bearing surfaces of the bearing assemblies and a ring assembly between the upper impeller and electric motor means grind large particles in the liquid waste flow. Slots in the static bearing member of the radial bearing assemblies further grind down the solid waste particles so that only particles smaller than the clearances in the system can pass therethrough, thereby resisting damage to and the interruption of the operation of the transfer pump. The column assembly is modular so that sections can be easily assembled, disassembled and/or removed. A second embodiment employs a stator jacket which provides an alternate means for cooling the electric motor means and lubricating and/or cooling the bearing assemblies, and a third embodiment employs a variable level suction device which allows liquid waste to be drawn into the transfer pump from varying and discrete levels in the waste tank.

Guardiani, Richard F. (Ohio Township, Allegheny County, PA); Pollick, Richard D. (Sarver, PA); Nyilas, Charles P. (Monroeville, PA); Denmeade, Timothy J. (Lower Burrell, PA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Submersible canned motor mixer pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mixer pump used in a waste tank for mobilizing high-level radioactive liquid waste having a column assembly containing power cables, a motor housing with electric motor means which includes a stator can of a stator assembly and a rotor can of a rotor assembly, and an impeller assembly with an impeller connected to a shaft of the rotor assembly. The column assembly locates the motor housing with the electric motor means adjacent to the impeller which creates an hydraulic head, and which forces the liquid waste into the motor housing to cool the electric motor means and to lubricate radial and thrust bearing assemblies. Hard-on-hard bearing surfaces of the bearing assemblies and a ring assembly between the impeller and electric motor means act to grind down large particles in the liquid waste flow. These larger particles are received in slots in the static bearing members of the radial bearing assemblies. Only solid waste particles smaller than the clearances in the system can pass therethrough, thereby resisting damage to and the interruption of the operation of the mixer pump.

Guardiani, Richard F. (Ohio Township, PA); Pollick, Richard D. (Sarver, PA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Submersible canned motor mixer pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mixer pump is described used in a waste tank for mobilizing high-level radioactive liquid waste having a column assembly containing power cables, a motor housing with electric motor means which includes a stator can of a stator assembly and a rotor can of a rotor assembly, and an impeller assembly with an impeller connected to a shaft of the rotor assembly. The column assembly locates the motor housing with the electric motor means adjacent to the impeller which creates an hydraulic head, and which forces the liquid waste into the motor housing to cool the electric motor means and to lubricate radial and thrust bearing assemblies. Hard-on-hard bearing surfaces of the bearing assemblies and a ring assembly between the impeller and electric motor means act to grind down large particles in the liquid waste flow. These larger particles are received in slots in the static bearing members of the radial bearing assemblies. Only solid waste particles smaller than the clearances in the system can pass there through, thereby resisting damage to and the interruption of the operation of the mixer pump. 10 figs.

Guardiani, R.F.; Pollick, R.D.

1997-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

362

A Novel Approach to Determining Motor Load  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Properly sized electric motors are essential if industrial plant efficiency is to be optimized and energy costs minimized. Because of the difficulty in making power measurements on three phase motors, loading is rarely, if ever, checked. A simple indication of motor load can be achieved by measuring operating speed because speed and load are almost linearly related. The decrease in motor speed from no load conditions, referred to as slip, can be determined with a non-contact, optical tachometer. Field measurements of motor slip were conducted at a textile plant to quantify motor load conditions. To verify the relationship between operating speed and load, measurements of motor power consumption on a representative number of motors were also conducted. The results of the motor survey, including number of motors, size, and load, are summarized in this paper along with an estimate of the savings from replacing oversized motors.

Brown, M.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

2012 Short Course Edible Oils Refining Update: From the Fundamentals to New Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Edible Oils Refining Update: From the Fundamentals to New Technologies held at the 103rd AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo. 2012 Short Course Edible Oils Refining Update: From the Fundamentals to New Technologies Edible Oils Refining Update: From the Fund

364

Developing Refined Products Storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Refined Products Storage in the Strategic Petroleum Refined Products Storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Developing Refined Products Storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve May 12, 2009 - 3:14pm Addthis Statement of David F. Johnson, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Petroleum Reserves before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, United States Senate. Mr. Chairman and members of the Committee, I am pleased to be here today to discuss the issue of developing refined products storage in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. As you know, the SPR was established by Congress through passage of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act in 1975 in response to the Arab oil embargoes. The primary policy of the U.S. petroleum stockpiling program has been to store crude oil. The SPR has served to protect our Nation from crude oil supply interruptions for over three

365

Secretary Bodman Tours Refinery and Calls for More Domestic Refining  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tours Refinery and Calls for More Domestic Tours Refinery and Calls for More Domestic Refining Capacity Secretary Bodman Tours Refinery and Calls for More Domestic Refining Capacity May 18, 2006 - 10:43am Addthis Highlights President Bush's Four-Point Plan to Combat High Energy Prices PORT ARTHUR, TX - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today renewed the call for expanded oil refining capacity in the United States and discussed additional steps the Department of Energy (DOE) is taking to prepare for the upcoming hurricane season. Secretary Bodman made the statements after touring the Motiva Refinery in Port Arthur, Texas. "We need a more robust energy sector; and one way to do that is to strengthen and expand our domestic oil refining capacity. We're hopeful that Motiva will continue to work to expand their capacity to 600,000

366

Evaluation of Electron-Beam Cold Hearth Refining (EBCHR) of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EVALUATION OF ELECTRON-BEAM COLD HEARTH REFINING (EBCHR) OF. VIRGIN AND REVERT IN738LC. P.N. Quested*, M. McLean* and M.R. Winstonet.

367

Polygons in Buildings and their Refined Side Lengths  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1999. [Bro] K. Brown, Buildings, Springer, 1989. [BuBI] D.AMS, 2001. [D] M. Davis, Buildings are CAT(0), in Geometryat Springerlink.com POLYGONS IN BUILDINGS AND THEIR REFINED

Kapovich, Michael; Leeb, Bernhard; Millson, John J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

California Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

California Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's ...

369

California Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

California Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1980's:

370

,"U.S. Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Refiner...

371

Tennessee Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Tennessee Propane Wholesale/Resale Volume by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 ... No.1 and No. 2 ...

372

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Projects 00516 North Dakota Refining...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the North Dakota Refining Capacity study is to assess the feasibility of increasing the oil refinery capacity in North Dakota, and, if possible, determine the scale of such an...

373

Evaluation of Cold Hearth Refined Inconel Alloy 718  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

refining of superalloys. This ha8 been identified as possibly the be8t way of ... thie material involving chemical and microetructural, as we11 as cl8anliness and.

374

CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF SOLVENT REFINED COAL TO LIQUID PRODUCTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I. Solvent Refined Coal II. Catalysts III. Purpose andSondreal, E.A. , "Viscosity of Coal Liquids - The Effect ofAnthraxylon - Kinetics of Coal Hydrogenation," Ind. and Eng.

Tanner, K.I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Data refinement in a market research applications' data production process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this contribution, we will show how empirically collected field data for a market research application are refined in a stepwise manner and enriched into end-user market reports and charts. The collected data are treated by selections, transformations, ...

Thomas Ruf; Thomas Kirsche

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Query reformulation and refinement using NLP-based sentence clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have developed an interactive query refinement tool that helps users search a knowledge base for solutions to problems with electronic equipment. The system is targeted towards non-technical users, who are often unable to formulate precise problem ...

Frdric Roulland; Aaron Kaplan; Stefania Castellani; Claude Roux; Antonietta Grasso; Karin Pettersson; Jacki O'Neill

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

MODIS Cloud-Top Property Refinements for Collection 6  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the Collection-6 refinements in the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) operational cloud-top properties algorithm. The focus is on calibration improvements and on cloud macrophysical properties including ...

Bryan A. Baum; W. Paul Menzel; Richard A. Frey; David C. Tobin; Robert E. Holz; Steve A. Ackerman; Andrew K. Heidinger; Ping Yang

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Are Refiners Entering a Golden Age or a Short Cycle?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

A presentation exploring the factors driving higher prices, margins, and light-heavy price differentials in today's market, and what these observations may imply about future profitability in the refining industry.

Joanne Shore

2007-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

379

Basics of Edible Oil Processing and Refining Short Course  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Organizer: Dr. Sefa Koseoglu, Filtration and Membrane World LLC, USA. This is a must for engineers, chemists, and any other technicians who want to get a good understanding of edible oil refining/processing. ...

380

Michigan Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Michigan Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 3,004.6:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

South Dakota Gasoline Midgrade Bulk Sales (Volume) by Refiners ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

South Dakota Gasoline Midgrade Bulk Sales (Volume) by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9;

382

Research Laboratories General Motors Corporation General Motors Technical Center  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

MI. 1-q Research Laboratories General Motors Corporation General Motors Technical Center Warren, Michigan 48090 January 21, 1977 Occupational Health Standards Branch Office of Standards Development U. S. Nuclear Requlatory Commission Washington, D.C. 20555 Attention: Mr. Robert E. Alexander, Chief Dear Mr. Alexander: In 1974, General Motors Corporation acquired a manufacturing plant in Adrian, Michigan. On October 21, 1976, General Motors announced that work would begin immediately to prepare the plant for manufacturing operations (Appendix A). A news release, made by Mr. Irving Loop of ERDA and carried by radio station WABJ of Adrian, Michigan on May 11, 1976, stated that natural uranium was handled in the plant after World War II and that

383

Finished Motor Gasoline Net Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Series: Finished Motor Gasoline Finished Motor Gasoline (less Adj.) Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Blenede w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated Other Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 & Ed55 Other Conventional Gasoline Finished Motor Gasoline Adjustment Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene-Type Jet, Commercial Kerosene-Type Jet, Military Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate Fuel Oil, 15 ppm Sulfur and Under Distillate Fuel Oil > 15 ppm to 500 ppm Sulfur Distillate Fuel Oil > 500 ppm Sulfur Residual Fuel Oil Propane/Propylene Period: Weekly 4-Week Average

384

State observer for synchronous motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A state observer driven by measurements of phase voltages and currents for estimating the angular orientation of a rotor of a synchronous motor such as a variable reluctance motor (VRM). Phase voltages and currents are detected and serve as inputs to a state observer. The state observer includes a mathematical model of the electromechanical operation of the synchronous motor. The characteristics of the state observer are selected so that the observer estimates converge to the actual rotor angular orientation and velocity, winding phase flux linkages or currents.

Lang, Jeffrey H. (Waltham, MA)

1994-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

385

Former Corporation/Refiner Total Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Former Corporation/Refiner Former Corporation/Refiner Total Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Capacity (bbl/cd) New Corporation/Refiner Date of Sale Table 12. Refinery Sales During 2012 Antelope Refining LLC Garco Energy LLC 3/12 Douglas, WY 3,800 Delta Air Lines/Monroe Energy LLC ConocoPhillips Company 4/12 Trainer, PA 185,000 Phillips 66 Company ConocoPhillips Company 5/12 Belle Chasse, LA 252,000 Billings, MT 59,000 Ferndale, WA 101,000 Linden, NJ 238,000 Ponca City, OK 198,400 Rodeo, CA 120,200 Sweeny, TX 247,000 Westlake, LA 239,400 Wilmington, CA 139,000 Nustar Asphalt LLC (50% Nustar Energy LP and 50% Lindsay Goldberg LLC) Nustar Energy LP/Nustar Asphalt Refining LLC 9/12 Paulsboro, NJ 70,000 Savannah, GA 28,000 Carlyle Group/Philadelphia Energy Solutions Refining and Marketing LLC Sunoco Inc./Sunoco Inc. R&M

386

Regional differences for cost of crude oil to refiners widened in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The cost of crude oil to refiners varies across regions based on the different types of crude oil available to refiners and transportation bottlenecks in that region.

387

Arkansas Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Referring Pages: Arkansas Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Refiner Sales Volumes; Arkansas Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes of Aviation Fuels, Kerosene, Propane, No.1 ...

388

Plants making oxygen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plants making oxygen Plants making oxygen Name: Doug Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: How many plants are needed to make enough oxygen for one person for one hour? We are experimenting with Anacharis plants. Replies: The problem can be solved when broken down into smaller questions: 1. How much oxygen does a person need in an hour? 2. How much oxygen does a plant produce in an hour? 3. Based on the above, how many plants will provide the oxygen needs of the person for the hour? Here is the solution to the first question: A resting, healthy adult on an average, cool day breathes in about 53 liters of oxygen per hour. An average, resting, health adult breathes in about 500 mL of air per breath. This is called the normal tidal volume. Now, 150 mL of this air will go to non- functioning areas of the lung, called the "dead space." The average breath rate for this average person is 12 breaths per minute. So, the amount of air breathed in by the person which is available for use is 12 x (500 mL -150 mL) = 4,200 mL/minute. Multiply by 60 to get 252,000 mL/hour. That is, every hour, the person will breathe in 252 L of air. Now, on an average, cool, clear day, only 21% of that air is oxygen. So, 21% of 252 L is 53 L. So, in an hour, the person breathes in about 53 L of oxygen.

389

Algae for Oxygen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Algae for Oxygen Algae for Oxygen Name: Pam Burkardt Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Hi, I am Pam Burkardt, a seventh grader at Fox Chapel School. I have a question on algae. I read somewhere that someday people might take bath tubs full of algae onto spaceships to provide oxygen for the crew. How much oxygen does algae give off, is this really possible? Replies: I think that most of the oxygen in the atmosphere comes in fact from one-celled plants in the oceans, like algae. They are likely to produce a lot of oxygen per unit weight because they don't have non-photosynthesizing bark, roots, branches, etc., nor (I think) a major dormant period like temperate-zone plants. The cost of space travel at present is dominated by the expense of heaving weight up into Earth orbit (it costs very little extra to send it to the Moon, for example, or Mars). For missions of short duration the weight of the compressed oxygen you need to carry is less than the weight of algae, water and extra plumbing you'd need to carry if you relied on algae to produce your oxygen. The important use of green plants would be in very long duration space flight (years) or permanent inhabitation of worlds like the Moon, where you need an unlimited supply of oxygen. Now if you want to fantasize, Venus' atmosphere is almost all carbon dioxide. Suppose you dropped a whole lot of specially gene-tailored one-celled plants into the atmosphere (not the surface, it's too hot). Why then they might eat up all the carbon dioxide and produce a breathable atmosphere. The "greenhouse effect" would go away, and Venus would become a nice habitable if tropical world only 50 million miles away.

390

Myers Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Myers Motors Myers Motors Jump to: navigation, search Name Myers Motors Place Tallmadge, Ohio Zip 44278 Sector Vehicles Product Myers Motors produces three wheeled electric vehicles. Coordinates 41.10294°, -81.440864° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.10294,"lon":-81.440864,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

391

General Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

description http:www.nrel.govnewspress2006375.html LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now General Motors is a company located in...

392

AQWON Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AQWON Motors AQWON Motors Jump to: navigation, search Name AQWON-Motors Place Speinshart, Germany Zip 92676 Sector Hydro, Hydrogen Product AQWON-Motors has developed the first hydrogen powered 2 stroke-engine scooter. It has been approved by the German TÃœVÂ (the official technical inspection agency). Coordinates 49.78699°, 11.820385° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":49.78699,"lon":11.820385,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

393

Tesla Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tesla Motors Tesla Motors Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Tesla Motors Name Tesla Motors Address 1050 Bing Street Place San Carlos, California Zip 94070 Sector Vehicles Product Produces electric vehicles Website http://www.teslamotors.com/ Coordinates 37.496737°, -122.245323° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.496737,"lon":-122.245323,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

394

Doubly Salient Permanent Magnet Motor Development Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The research of doubly salient permanent magnet motor (DSPM), arises as the emergence of a novel type mechatronic control of AC drive system. Currently, on the international realm, the studies regarding on this kind of motor mainly focus on calculation ... Keywords: Doubly Salient, Permanent Magnet Motor, AC Variable Speed, Magnetic Materials, Switched Reluctance Motor

Lina Yi, Meng Zhao

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

U.S. Reformulated Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Conventional Gasoline Oxygenated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes...

396

U.S. Conventional Gasoline Refiner Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Conventional Gasoline Oxygenated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes...

397

Transport Characteristics of Molecular Motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Properties of transport of molecular motors are investigated. A simplified model based on the concept of Brownian ratchets is applied. We analyze a stochastic equation of motion by means of numerical methods. The transport is systematically studied with respect to its energetic efficiency and quality expressed by an effective diffusion coefficient. We demonstrate the role of friction and non-equilibrium driving on the transport quantifiers and identify regions of a parameter space where motors are optimally transported.

Machura, Lukasz; Luczka, Jerzy; 10.1016/j.biosystems.2008.05.033

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Segmented rail linear induction motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A segmented rail linear induction motor has a segmented rail consisting of a plurality of nonferrous electrically conductive segments aligned along a guideway. The motor further includes a carriage including at least one pair of opposed coils fastened to the carriage for moving the carriage. A power source applies an electric current to the coils to induce currents in the conductive surfaces to repel the coils from adjacent edges of the conductive surfaces. 6 figs.

Cowan, M. Jr.; Marder, B.M.

1996-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

399

Direct drive field actuator motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A positive-drive field actuator motor is described which includes a stator carrying at least one field actuator which changes in dimension responsive to application of an energy field, and at least one drive shoe movable by the dimensional changes of the field actuator to contact and move a rotor element with respect to the stator. Various embodiments of the motor are disclosed, and the rotor element may be moved linearly or arcuately. 62 figs.

Grahn, A.R.

1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

400

Segmented rail linear induction motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A segmented rail linear induction motor has a segmented rail consisting of a plurality of nonferrous electrically conductive segments aligned along a guideway. The motor further includes a carriage including at least one pair of opposed coils fastened to the carriage for moving the carriage. A power source applies an electric current to the coils to induce currents in the conductive surfaces to repel the coils from adjacent edges of the conductive surfaces.

Cowan, Jr., Maynard (1107 Stagecoach Rd. SE., Albuquerque, NM 87123); Marder, Barry M. (1412 Pinnacle View Dr. NE., Albuquerque, NM 87123)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Comparison and Analysis of Classical Motor with Amorphous Iron Motor Based on Ansoft  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At present, various types of motors of total power is up to 420 million kilowatts and the consumption accounts for 60% of country's total electricity. The motor is high cost, energy consumption and so on while it is produced using traditional materials ... Keywords: Ansoft, amorphous iron motor, motor modeling, motor simulation

Jianwei Leng; Ting Liu

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

High Selectivity Oxygen Delignification  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Project Objective: The objectives of this project are as follows: (1) Examine the physical and chemical characteristics of a partner mill pre- and post-oxygen delignified pulp and compare them to lab generated oxygen delignified pulps; (2) Apply the chemical selectivity enhancement system to the partner pre-oxygen delignified pulps under mill conditions (with and without any predetermined amounts of carryover) to determine how efficiently viscosity is preserved, how well selectivity is enhanced, if strength is improved, measure any yield differences and/or bleachability differences; and (3) Initiate a mill scale oxygen delignification run using the selectivity enhancement agent, collect the mill data, analyze it, and propose any future plans for implementation.

Lucian A. Lucia

2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

Oxygen detection in biological systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

kinetics of flash induced oxygen evolution of algae through measuring ...... (1999) Fast response oxygen micro-optodes based on novel soluble ormosil glasses.

404

Submersible canned motor transfer pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transfer pump is described which is used in a waste tank for transferring high-level radioactive liquid waste from a waste tank and having a column assembly, a canned electric motor means, and an impeller assembly with an upper impeller and a lower impeller connected to a shaft of a rotor assembly. The column assembly locates a motor housing with the electric motor means adjacent to the impeller assembly which creates an hydraulic head, and which forces the liquid waste, into the motor housing to cool the electric motor means and to cool and/or lubricate the radial and thrust bearing assemblies. Hard-on-hard bearing surfaces of the bearing assemblies and a ring assembly between the upper impeller and electric motor means grind large particles in the liquid waste flow. Slots in the static bearing member of the radial bearing assemblies further grind down the solid waste particles so that only particles smaller than the clearances in the system can pass there through, thereby resisting damage to and the interruption of the operation of the transfer pump. The column assembly is modular so that sections can be easily assembled, disassembled and/or removed. A second embodiment employs a stator jacket which provides an alternate means for cooling the electric motor means and lubricating and/or cooling the bearing assemblies, and a third embodiment employs a variable level suction device which allows liquid waste to be drawn into the transfer pump from varying and discrete levels in the waste tank. 17 figs.

Guardiani, R.F.; Pollick, R.D.; Nyilas, C.P.; Denmeade, T.J.

1997-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

405

EERE-2010-BT-STD-0027 Ex Parte Letter NEMA Motor Training re DOE Motors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0-BT-STD-0027 Ex Parte Letter NEMA Motor Training re DOE 0-BT-STD-0027 Ex Parte Letter NEMA Motor Training re DOE Motors Rule 15 July 2013. EERE-2010-BT-STD-0027 Ex Parte Letter NEMA Motor Training re DOE Motors Rule 15 July 2013. This memorandum memorializes a communication between DOE staff and members of the NEMA Motor and Generator Section in connection with this proceeding. NEMA thanks the DOE for the opportunity to conduct training for DOE staff and its consultants on July 15th, 2013 which illustrated the different types of motors, motor construction theory and motor applications by type. It is our hope that better understanding of motor types and construction will assist the Department and its consultants with the discharge of their duties. EERE-2010-BT-STD-0027 Ex Parte Letter NEMA Motor Training re DOE Motors

406

Conducting a Motor Survey: Key Step for Establishing a Motor Management Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Roughly 70% of the energy consumed by manufacturing processes is used by electric motors. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, greater attention to motor systems management can reduce motor-related energy costs by 18%. Establishing a motor management policy is therefore an essential task for any plant manager or engineer concerned with minimizing motor (and process) downtime and reducing energy costs. In order to develop an effective motor policy, a manager needs information on the number and condition of motors in use. A targeted motor survey will collect data on a representative sample of a plant's motor population. This survey information will then provide a basis for further development of the motor policy. This paper discusses the process of conducting a motor survey. It identifies the type of information to be collected, along with a methodology for selecting appropriate sample motors for more detailed investigations.

Miller, R. B.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Propane Kero-jet Residual Fuel Oil Other 63.5% 23.5% 6.7% 2.2% 3.0% 1.1% Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995...

408

Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refiners...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Motor Gasoline No. 2 Distillate Propane Kero-jet Residual Fuel Oil Other 39.1% 17.4% 2.2% 32.0% 8.1% 1.1% Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995...

409

Refining Crude Oil - Energy Explained, Your Guide To Understanding Energy -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil and Petroleum Products > Refining Crude Oil Oil and Petroleum Products > Refining Crude Oil Energy Explained - Home What Is Energy? Forms of Energy Sources of Energy Laws of Energy Units and Calculators Energy Conversion Calculators British Thermal Units (Btu) Degree-Days U.S. Energy Facts State and U.S. Territory Data Use of Energy In Industry For Transportation In Homes In Commercial Buildings Efficiency and Conservation Energy and the Environment Greenhouse Gases Effect on the Climate Where Emissions Come From Outlook for Future Emissions Recycling and Energy Nonrenewable Sources Oil and Petroleum Products Refining Crude Oil Where Our Oil Comes From Imports and Exports Offshore Oil and Gas Use of Oil Prices and Outlook Oil and the Environment Gasoline Where Our Gasoline Comes From Use of Gasoline Prices and Outlook

410

Refinement and Verification of Real-Time Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses highly general mechanisms for specifying the refinement of a real-time system as a collection of lower level parallel components that preserve the timing and functional requirements of the upper level specification. These mechanisms are discussed in the context of ASTRAL, which is a formal specification language for real-time systems. Refinement is accomplished by mapping all of the elements of an upper level specification into lower level elements that may be split among several parallel components. In addition, actions that can occur in the upper level are mapped to actions of components operating at the lower level. This allows several types of implementation strategies to be specified in a natural way, while the price for generality (in terms of complexity) is paid only when necessary. The refinement mechanisms are first illustrated using a simple digital circuit; then, through a highly complex phone system; finally, design guidelines gleaned from these specifications are presented.

Kolano, Paul Z; Kemmerer, Richard A; Mandrioli, Dino

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Algebraic specification and program development by stepwise refinement (Extended Abstract)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Various formalizations of the concept of "refinement step" as used in the formal development of programs from algebraic specifications are presented and compared. 1 Introduction Algebraic specification aims to provide a formal basis to support the systematic development of correct programs from specifications by means of verified refinement steps. Obviously, a central piece of the puzzle is how best to formalize concepts like "specification", "program" and "refinement step". Answers are required that are simple, elegant and general and which enjoy useful properties, while at the same time taking proper account of the needs of practice. Here I will concentrate on the last of these concepts, but first I need to deal with the other two. For "program", I take the usual approach of algebraic specification whereby programs are modelled as many-sorted algebras consisting of a collection of sets of data values together with functions over those sets. This level of abstraction is commens...

Donald Sannella

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

The US petroleum refining industry in the 1980's  

SciTech Connect

As part of the EIA program on petroleum, The US Petroleum Refining Industry in the 1980's, presents a historical analysis of the changes that took place in the US petroleum refining industry during the 1980's. It is intended to be of interest to analysts in the petroleum industry, state and federal government officials, Congress, and the general public. The report consists of six chapters and four appendices. Included is a detailed description of the major events and factors that affected the domestic refining industry during this period. Some of the changes that took place in the 1980's are the result of events that started in the 1970's. The impact of these events on US refinery configuration, operations, economics, and company ownership are examined. 23 figs., 11 tabs.

Not Available

1990-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

413

Three phase AC motor controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor controller for a three phase AC motor (10) which is adapted to operate bidirectionally from signals received either from a computer (30) or a manual control (32). The controller is comprised of digital logic circuit means which implement a forward and reverse command signal channel (27, 29) for the application of power through the forward and reverse power switching relays (16, 18, 20, 22). The digital logic elements are cross coupled to prevent activation of both channels simultaneously and each includes a plugging circuit (65, 67) for stopping the motor upon the removal of control signal applied to one of the two channels (27, 29) for a direction of rotation desired. Each plugging circuit (65, 67) includes a one-shot pulse signal generator (88, 102) which outputs a single pulse signal of predetermined pulsewidth which is adapted to inhibit further operation of the application of power in the channel which is being activated and to apply a reversal command signal to the other channel which provides a reversed phase application of power to the motor for a period defined by the pulse-width output of the one-shot signal generator to plug the motor (10) which will then be inoperative until another rotational command signal is applied to either of the two channels.

Vuckovich, Michael (Elizabeth, PA); Wright, Maynard K. (Bethel Park, PA); Burkett, John P. (South Huntington Township, Westmoreland County, PA)

1984-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

414

Reduced vibration motor winding arrangement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates generally to an electric motor winding and, more particularly, to a three phase motor armature winding arrangement designed to reduce motor vibration and improve efficiency. An individual phase winding arrangement having a sixty electrical degree phase belt width for use with a three phase motor armature includes a delta connected phase winding portion and a wye connected phase winding portion. Both the delta and wye connected phase winding portions have a thirty electrical degree phase belt width. The delta and wye connected phase winding portions are each formed from a preselected number of individual coils each formed, in turn, from an unequal number of electrical conductor turns in the approximate ratio of {radical}3. The individual coils of the delta and wye connected phase winding portions may either be connected in series or parallel. This arrangement provides an armature winding for a three phase motor which retains the benefits of the widely known and utilized thirty degree phase belt concept, including improved mmf waveform and fundamental distribution factor.

Slavik, C.J.; Rhudy, R.G.; Bushman, R.E.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

415

Motor generator electric automotive vehicle  

SciTech Connect

A motor generator electric automotive vehicle is described comprising in combination, a traction drive motor coupled by a first drive shaft to a differential of an axle of the vehicle, a main battery bank electrically connected by wires to a small electric motor driving a large D.C. generator having a second drive shaft therebetween, an on-off switch in series with one of the wires to the small motor, a speed control unit attached to an accelerator pedal of the vehicle being coupled with a double pole-double throw reverse switch to the traction drive motor, a charger regulator electrically connected to the generator, a bank of solar cells coupled to the charge regulator, an electric extension cord from the charge regulator having a plug on its end for selective connection to an exterior electric power source, a plurality of pulleys on the second drive shaft, a belt unit driven by the pulley, one the belt unit being connected to a present alternator of the vehicle which is coupled to a present battery and present regulator of the vehicle, and other of the units being connected to power brakes and equipment including power steering and an air conditioner.

Weldin, W.

1986-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

416

The infant motor profile : a standardized and qualitative assessment of motor bahaviour in infancy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents the Infant Motor Profile (IMP), a new, video-based qualitative assessment of motor behaviour of infants aged 3 to 18 months. The IMP (more)

Heineman, Kirsten Roselien

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Optical oxygen concentration monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for measuring and monitoring the concentration of oxygen uses as a light source an argon discharge lamp, which inherently emits light with a spectral line that is close to one of oxygen`s A-band absorption lines. In a preferred embodiment, the argon line is split into sets of components of shorter and longer wavelengths by a magnetic field of approximately 2,000 Gauss that is parallel to the light propagation from the lamp. The longer wavelength components are centered on an absorption line of oxygen and thus readily absorbed, and the shorter wavelength components are moved away from that line and minimally absorbed. A polarization modulator alternately selects the set of the longer wavelength, or upshifted, components or the set of the shorter wavelength, or downshifted, components and passes the selected set to an environment of interest. After transmission over a path through that environment, the transmitted optical flux of the argon line varies as a result of the differential absorption. The system then determines the concentration of oxygen in the environment based on the changes in the transmitted optical flux between the two sets of components. In alternative embodiments modulation is achieved by selectively reversing the polarity of the magnetic field or by selectively supplying the magnetic field to either the emitting plasma of the lamp or the environment of interest. 4 figs.

Kebabian, P.

1997-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

418

National oil companies' presence to hike US refining competition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that the downstream segment of the U.S. petroleum business is virtually certain to become more competitive because of the growing presence of national oil companies in the country's refining industry. That's a forecast by New York investment firm Kidder Peabody. It cites a plan by Mexico's Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex) to form a joint venture with Shell Oil Co. covering Shell's 225,000 b/d Deer Park, Tex., refinery as the latest example of national oil companies' movement into U.S. refining.

Not Available

1992-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

419

Motor monitoring method and apparatus using high frequency ...  

A motor current analysis method and apparatus for monitoring electrical-motor-driven devices. The method and apparatus utilize high frequency portions of the motor ...

420

Carbonyl Emissions from Gasoline and Diesel Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbonyl compounds present in motor vehicle exhaust, rangingfrom gasoline and diesel motor vehicles. Environ. Sci. Tech.composition and toxicity of motor vehicle emission samples.

Jakober, Chris A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Mechanisms of motor activity regulation in axonal transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emerging principles of kinesin motor utilization." Annu Revopposite-polarity microtubule motors." J Cell Biol 156( 4):Kinesin mutations cause motor neuron disease phenotypes by

Reis, Gerald Feliz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Demand, Supply, and Price Outlook for Reformulated Motor Gasoline 1995  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

benzene extracted from the reformulated motor gasoline pool in their conventional motor gasoline. Importers lacking 1990 motor gasoline quality data with which to

423

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: MotorMaster+  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

implement an effective energy management program. MotorMaster+ contains a motor inventory module, where motor nameplate data is stored and linked to utility, facility, plant...

424

VIA Motors electric vehicle platform | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VIA Motors electric vehicle platform VIA Motors electric vehicle platform extended range electric vehicle technologies VIA Motors electric vehicle platform More Documents &...

425

Lab 4 -Motor Constants and Sensor Calibration Consider a DC servo motor which is connected to a power supply. The motor inertia is Jm. The rotational  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lab 4 - Motor Constants and Sensor Calibration PRE-LAB Consider a DC servo motor which is connected to a power supply. The motor inertia is Jm. The rotational damping in the motor is bm. The motor produces a torque Tm = Kmi where Km is the motor's torque constant and i is the current from the power supply. a

Stanford University

426

Mission Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Motors Motors Jump to: navigation, search Name Mission Motors Place San Francisco, California Sector Vehicles Product Electric Motorcycles Year founded 2007 Number of employees 11-50 Website http://www.ridemission.com/ Coordinates 37.7749295°, -122.4194155° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.7749295,"lon":-122.4194155,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

427

Aptera Motors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aptera Motors Aptera Motors Jump to: navigation, search Name Aptera Motors Address 2778 Loker Avenue West Place Carlsbad, California Zip 92008 Sector Vehicles Product Aims to to make an aerodynamic two-seater hybrid electric vehicle Website http://www.aptera.com/ Coordinates 33.1412124°, -117.3205123° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.1412124,"lon":-117.3205123,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

428

Oxygen in Underwater Cave  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxygen in Underwater Cave Oxygen in Underwater Cave Name: Natalie Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: HI Country: USA Date: Spring 2011 Question: Is it possible for there to be free oxygen in an underwater cave? If it is, then how does it work? Replies: Yes it is possible as I have personally experienced. If the cave roof rises to a level above the water, air dissolved in the water will slowly out gas until the water is at the same level at all places. A pocket of breathable air will form. In many caves the roof dips below water level in one place but it above it on both sides. Think of a U shaped tube where the bottom of the U is blocked by water. This is called a siphon and I have passed through many of these to find breathable air on the other side. R. W. "Bob" Avakian Oklahoma State Univ. Inst. of Technology

429

Homopolar motor with dual rotors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A homopolar motor has a field rotor mounted on a frame for rotation in a first rotational direction and for producing an electromagnetic field, and an armature rotor mounted for rotation on said frame within said electromagnetic field and in a second rotational direction counter to said first rotational direction of said field rotor. The two rotors are coupled through a 1:1 gearing mechanism, so as to travel at the same speed but in opposite directions. This doubles the output voltage and output power, as compared to a motor in which only the armature is rotated. Several embodiments are disclosed. 7 figs.

Hsu, J.S.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Thermoelectric generator for motor vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermoelectric generator for producing electric power for a motor vehicle from the heat of the exhaust gasses produced by the engine of the motor vehicle. The exhaust gasses pass through a finned heat transfer support structure which has seat positions on its outside surface for the positioning of thermoelectric modules. A good contact cylinder provides a framework from which a spring force can be applied to the thermoelectric modules to hold them in good contact on their seats on the surface of the heat transfer support structure.

Bass, John C. (6121 La Pintra Dr., La Jolla, CA 92037)

1997-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

431

The Allocation of the Social Costs of Motor-Vehicle Use to Six Classes of Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

alcohol Unfinished oils Motor gasoline blending componentsalcohol Unfinished oils Motor gasoline blending componentsthe Use of Persian-Gulf Oil for Motor Vehicles (M. Delucchi

Delucchi, Mark A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Oxygen Transport Membranes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The focus of this research was to develop new membrane materials by synthesizing different compounds and determining their defect structures, crystallographic structures and electrical properties. In addition to measuring electrical conductivity, oxygen vacancy concentration was also evaluated using thermogravimetry, Neutron diffraction and Moessbauer Spectroscopy. The reducing conditions (CO{sub 2}/CO/H{sub 2} gas mixtures with steam) as encountered in a reactor environment can be expected to have significant influence on the mechanical properties of the oxides membranes. Various La based materials with and without Ti were selected as candidate membrane materials for OTM. The maximum electrical conductivity of LSF in air as a function of temperature was achieved at Oxygen occupancy in LSF was estimated using Neutron diffractometry and Moessbauer Spectroscopy by measuring magnetic moment changes depending on the Fe{sup 3+} and Fe{sup 4+} ratio. After extensive studies of candidate materials, lanthanum ferrites (LSF and LSFT) were selected as the favored materials for the oxygen transport membrane (OTM). LSF is a very good material for an OTM because of its high electronic and oxygen ionic conductivity if long term stability and mechanical strength are improved. LSFT not only exhibits p-type behavior in the high oxygen activity regime, but also has n-type conduction in reducing atmospheres. Higher concentrations of oxygen vacancies in the low oxygen activity regime may improve the performance of LSFT as an OTM. The hole concentration is related to the difference in the acceptor and donor concentration by the relation p = [Sr'{sub La}]-[Ti{sm_bullet}{sub Fe}]. The chemical formulation predicts that the hole concentration is, p = 0.8-0.45 or 0.35. Experimental measurements indicated that p is about {approx} 0.35. The activation energy of conduction is 0.2 eV which implies that LSCF conducts via the small polaron conduction mechanism. Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) were used to develop strategies to detect and characterize vacancy creation, dopant segregations and defect association in the oxygen conducting membrane material. The pO{sub 2} and temperature dependence of the conductivity, non-stoichiometry and thermal-expansion behavior of compositions with increasing complexity of substitution on the perovskite A and B sites were studied. Studies with the perovskite structure show anomalous behavior at low oxygen partial pressures (oxygen equilibration kinetics arises from two different mechanisms. In the first, a two phase region occurs between an oxygen vacancy ordered phase such as brownmillerite SrFeO{sub 2.5} and perovskite SrFeO{sub 3-x}. The slow kinetics is associated with crossing the two phase region. The width of the miscibility gap decreases with increasing temperature and consequently the effect is less pronounced at higher temperature. The preferred kinetic pathway to reduction of perovskite ferrites when the vacancy concentration corresponds to the formation of significant concentrations of Fe{sup 2+} is via the formation of a Ruddlesden-Popper (RP) phases as clearly observed in the case of La{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}FeO{sub 3-x} where LaSrFeO{sub 4} is found together with Fe. In more complex compositions, such as LSFTO, iron or iron rich phases are observed locally with no evidence for the presence of discrete RP phase. Fracture strength of tubular perovskite membranes was determined in air and in reducing atmospheric conditions. The strength of the membrane decreased with temperature and severity of reducing conditions although the strength distribution (Weibull parameter, m) was relatively unaltered. Surface and volume dominated the fracture origins and the overall fracture was purely transgranular. The dual phas

S. Bandopadhyay

2008-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

433

Testing for Refinement in CSP Ana Cavalcanti1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Testing for Refinement in CSP Ana Cavalcanti1 and Marie-Claude Gaudel2 1 University of York Abstract. CSP is a well-established formalism for modelling and verifi- cation of concurrent reactive work on algebraic reasoning and model checking. Testing techniques based on CSP models, however, have

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

434

Department of Computing Stepwise Refinement in Event-B||CSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Event-B||CSP Part 1: Safety Steve Schneider, Helen Treharne and Heike Wehrheim March 12th 2011 #12;Stepwise Refinement in Event-B CSP Part 1: Safety Steve Schneider1 Helen Treharne1 Heike Wehrheim2 1, 2011 Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 CSP 3 2.1 Notation

Doran, Simon J.

435

GRAIN REFINEMENT OF CAST URANIUM BY HEAT TREATMENT  

SciTech Connect

The thermal cycling, irradiation behavior, and fabrication characteristics of U are strongly dependent upon grain size; a smaller grain size yields the better properties. Grain refinement of cast U may be accomplished either by hot working in the high alpha temperature range or by heat treatment; refinement by the latter method was the object of this investigation. The variables studied were time, temperature, specimen size, multiple quenching, and alphaannealing after quenching. The results of the investigation have led to the following conclusions, within the scope of the experimental conditions. The grain size of cast U may be appreciably refined by beta-quenching. Time and temperature in the beta phase are not significant in determining the final alpha grain size. Multiple beta-quenches (two to four times) produce better grain size refinement than a single quench. Alpha-annealing after beta-quenching causes recrystallization, but does not greatly affect the grain size. Gamma-quenching is not recommended as a practical heat treatment. (auth)

Powell, G.W.; Klein, J.L.; Krashes, D.

1957-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Development via refinement in probabilistic b: foundation and case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In earlier work, we introduced probability to the B by providing a probabilistic choice substitution and by extending B's semantics to incorporate its meaning [8]. This, a first step, allowed probabilistic programs to be written and ... Keywords: B, generalised substitutions, probability, program correctness, randomised algorithms, refinement, weakest preconditions

Thai Son Hoang; Zhendong Jin; Ken Robinson; Annabelle McIver; Carroll Morgan

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Feature-oriented refinement of models, metamodels and model transformations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Done well, the blend of Model Driven Development (MDD) and Software Product Lines (SPL) offers a promising approach, mixing abstraction from MDD and variability from SPL. Although Model Driven Product Lines have flourished recently, the focus so far ... Keywords: AHEAD, XAK, metamodels, model transformations, modeling, models, refinements

Salvador Trujillo; Ander Zubizarreta; Xabier Mendialdua; Josune de Sosa

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Energy Efficiency Improvement in the Petroleum RefiningIndustry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information has proven to be an important barrier inindustrial energy efficiency improvement. Voluntary government programsaim to assist industry to improve energy efficiency by supplyinginformation on opportunities. ENERGY STAR(R) supports the development ofstrong strategic corporate energy management programs, by providingenergy management information tools and strategies. This paper summarizesENERGY STAR research conducted to develop an Energy Guide for thePetroleum Refining industry. Petroleum refining in the United States isthe largest in the world, providing inputs to virtually every economicsector, including the transport sector and the chemical industry.Refineries spend typically 50 percent of the cash operating costs (e.g.,excluding capital costs and depreciation) on energy, making energy amajor cost factor and also an important opportunity for cost reduction.The petroleum refining industry consumes about 3.1 Quads of primaryenergy, making it the single largest industrial energy user in the UnitedStates. Typically, refineries can economically improve energy efficiencyby 20 percent. The findings suggest that given available resources andtechnology, there are substantial opportunities to reduce energyconsumption cost-effectively in the petroleum refining industry whilemaintaining the quality of the products manufactured.

Worrell, Ernst; Galitsky, Christina

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Refining image annotation using contextual relations between words  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a probabilistic approach to refine image annotations by incorporating semantic relations between annotation words. Our approach firstly predicts a candidate set of annotation words with confidence scores. This is achieved by ... Keywords: image annotation, normalized Google distance, semantic relation

Yong Wang; Shaogang Gong

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Effects of Multiple Reductions on Grain Refinement During Hot ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

of as-cast alloy 718, a research program was initiated at the ... process design criteria for grain size refinement during primary breakdown of alloy. 718 ingot via ..... however, can and does occur during the dwell time after each strain ..... statistically ..... (1981). D. K. Matlock and D. A. Burford,. "An Experimental. Correlation.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Analysis of hunting in Synchronous Hysteresis Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Synchronous Hysteresis Motor has an inherent instability when it is used to drive a gyroscope wheel. The motor ideally should spin at a constant angular velocity, but it instead sporadically oscillates about synchronous ...

Truong, Cang Kim, 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Hybrid vehicle motor alignment - Energy Innovation Portal  

A rotor of an electric motor for a motor vehicle is aligned to an axis of rotation for a crankshaft of an internal combustion engine having an internal combustion ...

443

Electric Motor Predictive Maintenance: Draft Guidelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predictive Maintenance can enhance the early detection and avoidance of incipient equipment failures in electric motors. This report provides draft guidelines to support the development of electric motor predictive maintenance (EMPM) programs at utility sites.

1997-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

444

Self-bearing motor design & control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the design, implementation and control of a new class of self-bearing motors. The primary thesis contributions include the design and experimental demonstration of hysteresis self-bearing motors, novel ...

Imani Nejad, Mohammad

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

OXYGEN TRANSPORT CERAMIC MEMBRANES  

SciTech Connect

In the present quarter, the possibility of using a more complex interfacial engineering approach to the development of reliable and stable oxygen transport perovskite ceramic membranes/metal seals is discussed. Experiments are presented and ceramic/metal interactions are characterized. Crack growth and fracture toughness of the membrane in the reducing conditions are also discussed. Future work regarding this approach is proposed are evaluated for strength and fracture in oxygen gradient conditions. Oxygen gradients are created in tubular membranes by insulating the inner surface from the reducing environment by platinum foils. Fracture in these test conditions is observed to have a gradient in trans and inter-granular fracture as opposed to pure trans-granular fracture observed in homogeneous conditions. Fracture gradients are reasoned to be due to oxygen gradient set up in the membrane, variation in stoichiometry across the thickness and due to varying decomposition of the parent perovskite. The studies are useful in predicting fracture criterion in actual reactor conditions and in understanding the initial evolution of fracture processes.

Dr. Sukumar Bandopadhyay; Dr. Nagendra Nagabhushana

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Optical oxygen concentration monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for measuring and monitoring the concentration of oxygen uses as a light source an argon discharge lamp, which inherently emits light with a spectral line that is close to one of oxygen's A-band absorption lines. In a preferred embodiment, the argon line is split into sets of components of shorter and longer wavelengths by a magnetic field of approximately 2000 Gauss that is parallel to the light propagation from the lamp. The longer wavelength components are centered on an absorption line of oxygen and thus readily absorbed, and the shorter wavelength components are moved away from that line and minimally absorbed. A polarization modulator alternately selects the set of the longer wavelength, or upshifted, components or the set of the shorter wavelength, or downshifted, components and passes the selected set to an environment of interest. After transmission over a path through that environment, the transmitted optical flux of the argon line varies as a result of the differential absorption. The system then determines the concentration of oxygen in the environment based on the changes in the transmitted optical flux between the two sets of components. In alternative embodiments modulation is achieved by selectively reversing the polarity of the magnetic field or by selectively supplying the magnetic field to either the emitting plasma of the lamp or the environment of interest.

Kebabian, Paul (Acton, MA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Measuring Devices: Compressed Natural Gas Retail Motor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compressed Natural Gas Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers. ... Hydrogen Measuring Devices; Liquefied Petroleum Gas Liquid-Measuring Devices; ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

448

Motorized control for mirror mount apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motorized control and automatic braking system for adjusting mirror mount apparatus is disclosed. The motor control includes a planetary gear arrangement to provide improved pitch adjustment capability while permitting a small packaged design. The motor control for mirror mount adjustment is suitable for laser beam propagation applications. The brake is a system of constant contact, floating detents which engage the planetary gear at selected between-teeth increments to stop rotation instantaneously when the drive motor stops.

Cutburth, Ronald W. (Tracy, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Frequency modulation drive for a piezoelectric motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piezoelectric motor has peak performance at a specific frequency f.sub.1 that may vary over a range of frequencies. A drive system is disclosed for operating such a motor at peak performance without feedback. The drive system consists of the motor and an ac source connected to power the motor, the ac source repeatedly generating a frequency over a range from f.sub.1 -.DELTA.x to f.sub.1 +.DELTA.y.

Mittas, Anthony (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers and Consoles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers and Consoles. Purpose: This 5-day RMFD course provides participants with the knowledge ...

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

451

Advanced Electric Motor Predictive Maintenance Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI sponsored the three-year Advanced Electric Motor Predictive Maintenance (AEMPM) project in 2000 to increase the effectiveness of motor maintenance at a time when utilities were in a state of declining motor knowledge due to downsizing and restructuring. The project identified areas for improvement that were common to most utilities and selected appropriate measures to address these concerns. Areas addressed include documenting motor knowledge, increasing utility confidence in newer technologies and ...

2003-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

452

NEW MOTOR DESIGN CONCEPT FOR ENERGY SAVING APPLIED TO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SHARK, NEW MOTOR DESIGN CONCEPT FOR ENERGY SAVING APPLIED TO SWITCHED RELUCTANCE MOTOR by Ana of the cylindrical and Shark air gap Switched Reluctance Motors and their assistance during the experimental work with other motor technologies such

453

Coupling between motor proteins determines dynamic behaviors of motor protein assemblies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coupling between motor proteins determines dynamic behaviors of motor protein assemblies Jonathan W of intracellular cargos by multiple microtubule motor proteins is believed to be a common and significant phenomenon in vivo, yet signatures of the microscopic dynamics of multiple motor systems are only now

454

Electric Motor Predictive and Preventive Maintenance Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric motor failure could result in lost capacity as well as excessive repair and maintenance costs. This guide provides information on establishing an effective maintenance program to help prevent unexpected motor failures, costly downtime, and unnecessary maintenance costs. Specifically, the guide summarizes technical data relative to four basic power plant motor types and associated components.

1992-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

455

Total Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the use of Persian-Gulf oil by motor vehicles The sociallye r s i a n - G u l f Oil f o r Motor Vehicles 16. T h e C ofor motor vehicles: lost consumer surplus in other oil-

Delucchi, Mark A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Magnetic tweezers to study DNA motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic tweezers to study DNA motors Maria Mañosas Ritort lab UB Barcelona Croquette-Bensimon lab ENS France #12;· Introduction to MT (magnetic tweezers) · Applications: 1. Tracking DNA motors: (i) Helicases (ii) Annealing motor 2. Studying a multiprotein system: DNA replication Outline #12;· Atomic force

Ritort, Felix

457

Thermodynamics and Kinetics of a Brownian Motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamics and Kinetics of a Brownian Motor R. Dean Astumian Nonequilibrium fluctuations particle separation and the design of molecular motors and pumps. A small particle in a liquid is subject in conjunction with an- isotropy to drive a motor in the context of a "ratchet and pawl" device shrunk to micro

Linke, Heiner

458

INDUCTION MOTOR FAULT DIAGNOSTIC AND MONITORING METHODS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INDUCTION MOTOR FAULT DIAGNOSTIC AND MONITORING METHODS by Aderiano M. da Silva, B.S. A Thesis;i Abstract Induction motors are used worldwide as the "workhorse" in industrial applications material. However, induction motor faults can be detected in an initial stage in order to prevent

Povinelli, Richard J.

459

Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency Incentives Ameren Illinois (Electric) - Custom, HVAC, and Motor Business Efficiency Incentives Eligibility Commercial Industrial...

460

Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances in the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting Model (Released in the STEO March 1998)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The blending of oxygenates, such as fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), into motor gasoline has increased dramatically in the last few years because of the oxygenated and reformulated gasoline programs. Because of the significant role oxygenates now have in petroleum product markets, the Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System (STIFS) was revised to include supply and demand balances for fuel ethanol and MTBE. The STIFS model is used for producing forecasts in the Short-Term Energy Outlook. A review of the historical data sources and forecasting methodology for oxygenate production, imports, inventories, and demand is presented in this report.

Information Center

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Influence of direct motor-motor interaction in models for cargo transport by a single team of motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze theoretically the effects of excluded-volume interactions between motors on the dynamics of a cargo driven by multiple motors. The model considered shares many commons with other recently proposed in the literature, with the addition of direct interaction between motors and motor back steps. The cargo is assumed to follow a continuum Langevin dynamics, while individual motors evolve following a Monte Carlo algorithm based on experimentally accessible probabilities for discrete forward and backward jumps, and attachment and detachment rates. The links between cargo and motors are considered as non linear springs. By means of numerical simulations we compute the relevant quantities characterizing the dynamical properties of the system, and we compare the results to those for non interacting motors. We find that interactions lead to quite relevant changes in the force-velocity relation for cargo, with a considerable reduction of the stall force, and cause also a notable decrease of the run length. The...

Bouzat, Sebastian; 10.1088/1478-3975/7/4/046009

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Method and apparatus for monitoring motor operated valve motor output torque and power at valve seating  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for monitoring a motor operated valve during the brief period when the valve seats and the torque switch trips to deenergize the valve motor. The method uses voltage measurements on the load side of a deenergizing switch that opens to deenergize the motor to determine, among other things, final motor rotational speed and the decelerating torque at motor deenergization.

Casada, Donald A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Method and apparatus for monitoring motor operated valve motor output torque and power at valve seating  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for monitoring a motor operated valve during the brief period when the valve seats and the torque switch trips to deenergize the valve motor. The method uses voltage measurements on the load side of a deenergizing switch that opens to deenergize the motor to determine, among other things, final motor rotational speed and the decelerating torque at motor deenergization. 14 figs.

Casada, D.A.

1996-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

464

Use of MCC-Based Motor Torque Measurements for Periodic Verification of Motor-Operated Valves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report develops, justifies, and validates a motor control center- (MCC-) based motor torque periodic verification (MTPV) method for torque-switch-controlled closing strokes of rising stem motor-operated valves (MOVs) with ac motors. The report details the evaluation of motor torque data obtained from electrical measurements at the MCC and covers the use of these (and other) measurements in MOV periodic verification (PV) testing.

2006-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

465

High pressure oxygen furnace  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature high pressure oxygen furnace having a hybrid partially externally heated construction is disclosed. A metallic bar fabricated from an alloy having a composition of at least 45% nickel, 15% chrome, and 10% tungsten is utilized, the preferred alloy including 55% nickel, 22% chrome, 14% tungsten, 2% molybdenum, 3% iron (maximum) and 5% cobalt (maximum). The disclosed alloy is fabricated into 11/4 inch bar stock and has a length of about 17 inches. This bar stock is gun drilled for over 16 inches of its length with 0.400 inch aperture to define a closed high temperature, high pressure oxygen chamber. The opposite and closed end of the bar is provided with a small support aperture into which both a support and a thermocouple can be inserted. The closed end of the gun drilled bar is inserted into an oven, preferably heated by standard nickel chrome electrical elements and having a heavily insulated exterior. 5 figs.

Morris, D.E.

1992-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

466

High pressure oxygen furnace  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature high pressure oxygen furnace having a hybrid partially externally heated construction is disclosed. A metallic bar fabricated from an alloy having a composition of at least 45% nickel, 15% chrome, and 10% tungsten is utilized (the preferred alloy including 55% nickel, 22% chrome, 14% tungsten, 2% molybdenum, 3% iron (maximum) and 5% cobalt (maximum). The disclosed alloy is fabricated into 11/4 inch bar stock and has a length of about 17 inches. This bar stock is gun drilled for over 16 inches of its length with 0.400 inch aperture to define a closed high temperature, high pressure oxygen chamber. The opposite and closed end of the bar is provided with a small support aperture into which both a support and a thermocouple can be inserted. The closed end of the gun drilled bar is inserted into an oven, preferably heated by standard nickel chrome electrical elements and having a heavily insulated exterior.

Morris, Donald E. (Kensington, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Oxygen Transport Ceramic Membranes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present quarterly report describes some of the investigations on the structural properties of dense OTM bars provided by Praxair and studies on newer composition of Ti doped LSF. The in situ electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient measurements were made on LSFT at 1000 and 1200 C over the oxygen activity range from air to 10{sup -15} atm. The electrical conductivity measurements exhibited a p to n type transition at an oxygen activity of 1 x 10{sup -10} at 1000 C and 1 x 10{sup -6} at 1200 C. Thermogravimetric studies were also carried out over the same oxygen activities and temperatures. Based on the results of these measurements, the chemical and mechanical stability range of LSFT were determined and defect structure was established. The studies on the fracture toughness of the LSFT and dual phase membranes exposed to air and N{sub 2} at 1000 C was done and the XRD and SEM analysis of the specimens were carried out to understand the structural and microstructural changes. The membranes that are exposed to high temperatures at an inert and a reactive atmosphere undergo many structural and chemical changes which affect the mechanical properties. A complete transformation of fracture behavior was observed in the N{sub 2} treated LSFT samples. Further results to investigate the origin of the slow kinetics on reduction of ferrites have been obtained. The slow kinetics appear to be related to a non-equilibrium reduction pathway that initially results in the formation of iron particles. At long times, equilibrium can be reestablished with recovery of the perovskite phase. Recent results on transient kinetic data are presented. The 2-D modeling of oxygen movement has been undertaken in order to fit isotope data. The model is used to study ''frozen'' profiles in patterned or composite membranes.

S. Bandopadhyay; T. Nithyanantham; X.-D Zhou; Y-W. Sin; H.U. Anderson; Alan Jacobson; C.A. Mims

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Oxygen Transport Ceramic Membranes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present quarterly report describes some of the investigations on the structural properties of dense OTM bars provided by Praxair and studies on newer composition of Ti doped LSF. In the previous research, the reference point of oxygen occupancy was determined and verified. In the current research, the oxygen occupancy was investigated at 1200 C as a function of oxygen activity and compared with that at 1000 C. The cause of bumps at about 200 C was also investigated by using different heating and cooling rates during TGA. The fracture toughness of LSFT and dual phase membranes at room temperature is an important mechanical property. Vicker's indentation method was used to evaluate this toughness. Through this technique, a K{sub Ic} (Mode-I Fracture Toughness) value is attained by means of semi-empirical correlations between the indentation load and the length of the cracks emanating from the corresponding Vickers indentation impression. In the present investigation, crack propagation behavior was extensively analyzed in order to understand the strengthening mechanisms involved in the non-transforming La based ceramic composites. Cracks were generated using Vicker's indenter and used to identify and evaluate the toughening mechanisms involved. Preliminary results of an electron microscopy study of the origin of the slow kinetics on reduction of ferrites have been obtained. The slow kinetics appear to be related to a non-equilibrium reduction pathway that initially results in the formation of iron particles. At long times, equilibrium can be reestablished with recovery of the perovskite phase. Modeling of the isotopic transients on operating membranes (LSCrF-2828 at 900 C) and a ''frozen'' isotope profile have been analyzed in conjunction with a 1-D model to reveal the gradient in oxygen diffusivity through the membrane under conditions of high chemical gradients.

S. Bandopadhyay; T. Nithyanantham; X.-D Zhou; Y-W. Sin; H.U. Anderson; Alan Jacobson; C.A. Mims

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Fuel cell oxygen electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An oxygen electrode for a fuel cell utilizing an acid electrolyte has a substrate of an alkali metal tungsten bronze of the formula: A.sub.x WO.sub.3 where A is an alkali metal and x is at least 0.2, which is covered with a thin layer of platinum tungsten bronze of the formula: Pt.sub.y WO.sub.3 where y is at least 0.8.

Shanks, Howard R. (Ames, IA); Bevolo, Albert J. (Ames, IA); Danielson, Gordon C. (Ames, IA); Weber, Michael F. (Wichita, KS)

1980-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

470

Method and apparatus for controlling multiple motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for simultaneously controlling a plurality of stepper motors. Addressing circuitry generates address data for each motor in a periodic address sequence. Memory circuits respond to the address data for each motor by accessing a corresponding memory location containing a first operational data set functionally related to a direction for moving the motor, speed data, and rate of speed change. First logic circuits respond to the first data set to generate a motor step command. Second logic circuits respond to the command from the first logic circuits to generate a third data set for replacing the first data set in memory with a current operational motor status, which becomes the first data set when the motor is next addressed.

Jones, Rollin G. (Los Alamos, NM); Kortegaard, Bert L. (Los Alamos, NM); Jones, David F. (Los Alamos, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Method and apparatus for controlling multiple motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for simultaneously controlling a plurality of stepper motors. Addressing circuitry generates address data for each motor in a periodic address sequence. Memory circuits respond to the address data for each motor by accessing a corresponding memory location containing a first operational data set functionally related to a direction for moving the motor, speed data, and rate of speed change. First logic circuits respond to the first data set to generate a motor step command. Second logic circuits respond to the command from the first logic circuits to generate a third data set for replacing the first data set in memory with a current operational motor status, which becomes the first data set when the motor is next addressed.

Jones, R.G.; Kortegaard, B.L.; Jones, D.F.

1986-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

472

Atlantic Basin Refining Dynamics from U.S. Perspective  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This presentation focuses on the current refining situation in the Atlantic Basin, This presentation focuses on the current refining situation in the Atlantic Basin, Page 1 including some discussion on how we got here, and on drivers that will influence the next 5 years. I will focus on three topics today that are critical to the petroleum product dynamics of Page 2 the Atlantic Basin over the next several years. The first is product demand growth - something that has been affected both by the recession and legislation. Next I will cover the supply situation for gasoline and distillates in the Atlantic Basin, since Europe and the U.S. are closely entwined in these markets. Last, we will visit the outlook for those drivers affecting profitability - an area of large uncertainty. I will begin today with a short discussion of important underlying long-term trends in U.S.

473

Margin turnaround at hand: reprieve for US refiners  

SciTech Connect

After unseasonal US gasoline price deterioration during the summer driving months, a turnaround in rack (unbranded, undelivered wholesale) prices is helping to reverse the downward trend in refining margins on the Gulf Coast. In turn, the improved margins are buoying up light crude oil prices in the US Gulf Coast and strengthening spot-market prices. A graph tracks apparent margins on four important crudes utilized on the US Gulf Coast. August 1984 saw negative margins even for heavy Venezuelan Lagunillas (15/sup 0/ API) and Mexican Maya (22/sup 0/ API), but both were again positive in September. Energy Detente refining netback data for September 1984 are presented for the US Gulf Coast, the US West Coast, Rotterdam, and Singapore. The fuel price/tax series and industrial fuel prices are presented for September 1984 for countries of the Western Hemisphere.

1984-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

474

Post-refinement multiscale method for pin power reconstruction  

SciTech Connect

The ability to accurately predict local pin powers in nuclear reactors is necessary to understand the mechanisms that cause fuel pin failure during steady state and transient operation. In the research presented here, methods are developed to improve the local solution using high order methods with boundary conditions from a low order global solution. Several different core configurations were tested to determine the improvement in the local pin powers compared to the standard techniques based on diffusion theory and pin power reconstruction (PPR). The post-refinement multiscale methods use the global solution to determine boundary conditions for the local solution. The local solution is solved using either a fixed boundary source or an albedo boundary condition; this solution is 'post-refinement' and thus has no impact on the global solution. (authors)

Collins, B.; Seker, V.; Downar, T. [Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, Univ. of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Blvd., Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Xu, Y. [Argonne National Laboratory (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Refiner details ``best practices`` approach to catalyst selection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Catalysts are critical to hydrocarbon processing in refineries. Refiners spend millions of dollars per year on catalysts. This cost, however, pales in comparison to the impact that catalysts can have. The lost opportunity from not using the right catalyst, or an unscheduled shutdown caused by a catalyst-related problem, can be an order of magnitude higher than the cost of the catalyst itself. Chevron Products Co. has adopted a best practices approach to addressing technical and operational issues in refining. A subset of the best-practices program includes the testing, selection, and monitoring of catalysts for Chevron`s fluid catalytic cracking (FCC), catalytic reforming, and hydroprocessing units. The paper discusses these practices.

Krishna, A.S. [Chevron Products Co., El Segundo, CA (United States); Arndt, J.H. [Chevron Products Co., Richmond, CA (United States); Kuehler, C.W.; Kramer, D.C. [Chevron Research and Technology Co., Richmond, CA (United States)

1996-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

476

Changing Trends in the Refining Industry (released in AEO2006)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

There have been some major changes in the U.S. refining industry recently, prompted in part by a significant decline in the quality of imported crude oil and by increasing restrictions on the quality of finished products. As a result, high-quality crudes, such as the WTI crude that serves as a benchmark for oil futures on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), have been trading at record premiums to the OPEC Basket price.

Information Center

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

REFINING AND END USE STUDY OF COAL LIQUIDS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document summarizes all of the work conducted as part of the Refining and End Use Study of Coal Liquids. There were several distinct objectives set, as the study developed over time: (1) Demonstration of a Refinery Accepting Coal Liquids; (2) Emissions Screening of Indirect Diesel; (3) Biomass Gasification F-T Modeling; and (4) Updated Gas to Liquids (GTL) Baseline Design/Economic Study.

Unknown

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Reduced vibration motor winding arrangement  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An individual phase winding arrangement having a sixty electrical degree phase belt width for use with a three phase motor armature includes a delta connected phase winding portion and a wye connected phase winding portion. Both the delta and wye connected phase winding portions have a thirty electrical degree phase belt width. The delta and wye connected phase winding portions are each formed from a preselected number of individual coils each formed, in turn, from an unequal number of electrical conductor turns in the approximate ratio of {radical}3. The individual coils of the delta and wye connected phase winding portions may either be connected in series or parallel. This arrangement provides an armature winding for a three phase motor which retains the benefits of the widely known and utilized thirty degree phase belt concept, including improved mmf waveform and fundamental distribution factor, with consequent reduced vibrations and improved efficiency. 4 figs.

Slavik, C.J.; Rhudy, R.G.; Bushman, R.E.

1997-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

479

Oxygen Transport Membranes  

SciTech Connect

The focus of this research was to develop new membrane materials by synthesizing different compounds and determining their defect structures, crystallographic structures and electrical properties. In addition to measuring electrical conductivity, oxygen vacancy concentration was also evaluated using thermogravimetry, Neutron diffraction and Moessbauer Spectroscopy. The reducing conditions (CO{sub 2}/CO/H{sub 2} gas mixtures with steam) as encountered in a reactor environment can be expected to have significant influence on the mechanical properties of the oxides membranes. Various La based materials with and without Ti were selected as candidate membrane materials for OTM. The maximum electrical conductivity of LSF in air as a function of temperature was achieved at < 600 C and depends on the concentration of Sr (acceptor dopant). Oxygen occupancy in LSF was estimated using Neutron diffractometry and Moessbauer Spectroscopy by measuring magnetic moment changes depending on the Fe{sup 3+} and Fe{sup 4+} ratio. After extensive studies of candidate materials, lanthanum ferrites (LSF and LSFT) were selected as the favored materials for the oxygen transport membrane (OTM). LSF is a very good material for an OTM because of its high electronic and oxygen ionic conductivity if long term stability and mechanical strength are improved. LSFT not only exhibits p-type behavior in the high oxygen activity regime, but also has n-type conduction in reducing atmospheres. Higher concentrations of oxygen vacancies in the low oxygen activity regime may improve the performance of LSFT as an OTM. The hole concentration is related to the difference in the acceptor and donor concentration by the relation p = [Sr'{sub La}]-[Ti{sm_bullet}{sub Fe}]. The chemical formulation predicts that the hole concentration is, p = 0.8-0.45 or 0.35. Experimental measurements indicated that p is about {approx} 0.35. The activation energy of conduction is 0.2 eV which implies that LSCF conducts via the small polaron conduction mechanism. Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) were used to develop strategies to detect and characterize vacancy creation, dopant segregations and defect association in the oxygen conducting membrane material. The pO{sub 2} and temperature dependence of the conductivity, non-stoichiometry and thermal-expansion behavior of compositions with increasing complexity of substitution on the perovskite A and B sites were studied. Studies with the perovskite structure show anomalous behavior at low oxygen partial pressures (<10{sup -5} atm). The anomalies are due to non-equilibrium effects and can be avoided by using very strict criteria for the attainment of equilibrium. The slowness of the oxygen equilibration kinetics arises from two different mechanisms. In the first, a two phase region occurs between an oxygen vacancy ordered phase such as brownmillerite SrFeO{sub 2.5} and perovskite SrFeO{sub 3-x}. The slow kinetics is associated with crossing the two phase region. The width of the miscibility gap decreases with increasing temperature and consequently the effect is less pronounced at higher temperature. The preferred kinetic pathway to reduction of perovskite ferrites when the vacancy concentration corresponds to the formation of significant concentrations of Fe{sup 2+} is via the formation of a Ruddlesden-Popper (RP) phases as clearly observed in the case of La{sub 0.5}Sr{sub 0.5}FeO{sub 3-x} where LaSrFeO{sub 4} is found together with Fe. In more complex compositions, such as LSFTO, iron or iron rich phases are observed locally with no evidence for the presence of discrete RP phase. Fracture strength of tubular perovskite membranes was determined in air and in reducing atmospheric conditions. The strength of the membrane decreased with temperature and severity of reducing conditions although the strength distribution (Weibull parameter, m) was relatively unaltered. Surface and volume dominated the fracture origins and the overall fracture was purely transgranular. The dual phas

S. Bandopadhyay

2008-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

480

Superior refining performance beyond 2000 -- Breaking traditional paradigms  

SciTech Connect

Over the last 5 years, refining companies have not performed well financially, generating returns below the cost of capital. Environmental regulations have caused the industry to invest significant amounts of capital, and while new regulations will cause the shutdown of between 500 thousand and 1.2 million barrels per day of capacity, the industry structure will remain poor and financial returns for the average player will likely be volatile, cyclical, and below the cost of capital. Based on this industry outlook, refining companies seeking superior performance will have to break the traditional paradigms and adopt world-class practices used in other industries. Changes required to significantly improve financial returns will include shifts in business strategy to accommodate growth, and development of nontraditional services, as well as initiates to dramatically reshape cost structure and improve profitability. Making the changes to become a superior performer in the refining business will require a clear vision and strong leadership at multiple levels in the organization. The transformation will also require changes in company culture and incentive plans that encourage managers to act as owners. In addition, superior performers will push accountability for results to low levels in the organization. Given the herd mentality of the oil industry, superior performers must take decisive, preemptive action to generate a substantial, competitive advantage.

Tassel, B. van [McKinsey and Co., Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "refiner oxygenated motor" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

U. S. refiners move into another challenging technical era  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the transition to unleaded gasoline scarcely behind us, another new era is dawning for the U.S. refiner. No one yet knows the exact configuration of the refinery of the future and no two refineries are likely to adapt in exactly the same way. What is certain, however, is that by the year 2000, refineries will be more technologically advanced, their products will be more environmentally acceptable, and their operators will be more highly trained. The typical U.S. refinery in the year 2000 will be located at an existing refinery site because economic and environmental considerations will make it impossible to build new grassroots capacity. As a result of the Clean Air act, the refinery of tomorrow will produce cleaner fuels The entire U.S. gasoline pool will likely be reformulated. Most of the diesel fuel pool will consist of ultralow-sulfur product. And jet fuel-which is experiencing rapid demand growth-will be an increasingly important product. Many existing refining process will remain in use, but they will be more efficient and more technologically advanced. Energy efficiency will be a primary concern, as refiners seek to combat ever-increasing crude oil costs and refinery operating expenses. The refinery of the future also will be much more environmentally acceptable. The article is a closer look at the refinery of the future.

Hall, J.R. (Ashland Oil Inc., Ashland, KY (US))

1991-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

482

Decontamination of steel by melt refining: A literature review  

SciTech Connect

It has been reported that a large amount of metal waste is produced annually by nuclear fuel processing and nuclear power plants. These metal wastes are contaminated with radioactive elements, such as uranium and plutonium. Current Department of Energy guidelines require retrievable storage of all metallic wastes containing transuranic elements above a certain level. Because of high cost, it is important to develop an effective decontamination and volume reduction method for low level contaminated metals. It has been shown by some investigators that a melt refining technique can be used for the processing of the contaminated metal wastes. In this process, contaminated metal is melted wit a suitable flux. The radioactive elements are oxidized and transferred to a slag phase. In order to develop a commercial process it is important to have information on the thermodynamics and kinetics of the removal. Therefore, a literature search was carried out to evaluate the available information on the decontamination uranium and transuranic-contaminated plain steel, copper and stainless steel by melt a refining technique. Emphasis was given to the thermodynamics and kinetics of the removal. Data published in the literature indicate that it is possible to reduce the concentration of radioactive elements to a very low level by the melt refining method. 20 refs.

Ozturk, B.; Fruehan, R.J. [Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

483

Cost Effective, High Efficiency Integrated Systems Approach to Auxilliary Electric Motors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The CARAT program, carried out by Kinetic Art & Technology Corporation (KAT), has been one of the most commercially successful KAT R&D programs to date. Based on previous development of its technology, KAT designed, constructed and tested a highly efficient motor and controller system under this CARAT program with supplemental commercial funding. Throughout this CARAT effort, the technical objectives have been refined and refocused. Some objectives have been greatly expanded, while others have been minimized. The determining factor in all decisions to refocus the objectives was the commercial need, primarily the needs of KAT manufacturing partners. Several companies are employing the resulting CARAT motor and controller designs in prototypes for commercial products. Two of these companies have committed to providing cost share in order to facilitate the development. One of these companies is a major manufacturing company developing a revolutionary new family of products requiring the ultra-high system efficiency achievable by the KAT motor and controller technologies (known as Segmented ElectroMagnetic Array, or SEMA technology). Another company requires the high efficiency, quiet operation, and control characteristics afforded by the same basic motor and controller for an advanced air filtration product. The combined annual production requirement projected by these two companies exceeds one million units by 2005.

Roy Kessinger Jr.; Keith Seymour; Kanchan Angal; Jason Wolf; Steve Brewer; Leonard Schrank

2003-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

484

Motor vehicle fuel economy, the forgotten HC control stragegy. [Hydrocarbon (HC)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Emissions of hydrocarbons from motor vehicles are recognized as major contributors to ozone pollution in urban areas. Petroleum-based motor fuels contain volatile organic compounds (VOC) which, together with oxides of nitrogen, promote the formation of ozone in the troposphere via complex photochemical reactions. VOC emissions from the tailpipe and evaporation from the fuel and engine systems of highway vehicles are believed to account for about 40% of total VOC emissions in any region. But motor fuels also generate emissions throughout the fuel cycle, from crude oil production to refining, storage, transportation, and handling, that can make significant contributions to the total inventory of VOC emissions. Many of these sources of emissions are directly related to the quantity of fuel produced and handled throughout the fuel cycle. It is, therefore, reasonable to expect that a reduction in total fuel throughput might result in a reduction of VOC emissions. In particular, reducing vehicle fuel consumption by increasing vehicle fuel economy should reduce total fuel throughput, thereby cutting total emissions of VOCS. In this report we identify the sources of VOC emissions throughout the motor fuel cycle, quantify them to the extent possible, and describe their dependence on automobile and light truck fuel economy.

Deluchi, M.; Wang, Quanlu; Greene, D.L.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Hermetically sealed superconducting magnet motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hermetically sealed superconducting magnet motor includes a rotor separated from a stator by either a radial gap, an axial gap, or a combined axial and radial gap. Dual conically shaped stators are used in one embodiment to levitate a disc-shaped rotor made of superconducting material within a conduit for moving cryogenic fluid. As the rotor is caused to rotate when the field stator is energized, the fluid is pumped through the conduit. 6 figs.

DeVault, R.C.; McConnell, B.W.; Phillips, B.A.

1996-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

486

Hermetically sealed superconducting magnet motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hermetically sealed superconducting magnet motor includes a rotor separated from a stator by either a radial gap, an axial gap, or a combined axial and radial gap. Dual conically shaped stators are used in one embodiment to levitate a disc-shaped rotor made of superconducting material within a conduit for moving cryogenic fluid. As the rotor is caused to rotate when the field stator is energized, the fluid is pumped through the conduit.

DeVault, Robert C. (Knoxville, TN); McConnell, Benjamin W. (Knoxville, TN); Phillips, Benjamin A. (Benton Harbor, MI)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Solid Rocket Motor Acoustic Testing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Acoustic data are often required for the determination of launch and powered flight loads for rocket systems and payloads. Such data are usually acquired during test firings of the solid rocket motors. In the current work, these data were obtained for two tests at a remote test facility where we were visitors. This paper describes the data acquisition and the requirements for working at a remote site, interfacing with the test hosts.

Rogers, J.D.

1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

488

System and method for motor speed estimation of an electric motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for a motor management system includes a computer readable storage medium and a processing unit. The processing unit configured to determine a voltage value of a voltage input to an alternating current (AC) motor, determine a frequency value of at least one of a voltage input and a current input to the AC motor, determine a load value from the AC motor, and access a set of motor nameplate data, where the set of motor nameplate data includes a rated power, a rated speed, a rated frequency, and a rated voltage of the AC motor. The processing unit is also configured to estimate a motor speed based on the voltage value, the frequency value, the load value, and the set of nameplate data and also store the motor speed on the computer readable storage medium.

Lu, Bin (Kenosha, WI); Yan, Ting (Brookfield, WI); Luebke, Charles John (Sussex, WI); Sharma, Santosh Kumar (Viman Nagar, IN)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

489

INSPECTION MEANS FOR INDUCTION MOTORS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

an appartus is descripbe for inspcting electric motors and more expecially an appartus for detecting falty end rings inn suqirrel cage inductio motors while the motor is running. In its broua aspects, the mer would around ce of reference tedtor means also itons in the phase ition of the An electronic circuit for conversion of excess-3 binary coded serial decimal numbers to straight binary coded serial decimal numbers is reported. The converter of the invention in its basic form generally coded pulse words of a type having an algebraic sign digit followed serially by a plurality of decimal digits in order of decreasing significance preceding a y algebraic sign digit followed serially by a plurality of decimal digits in order of decreasing significance. A switching martix is coupled to said input circuit and is internally connected to produce serial straight binary coded pulse groups indicative of the excess-3 coded input. A stepping circuit is coupled to the switching matrix and to a synchronous counter having a plurality of x decimal digit and plurality of y decimal digit indicator terminals. The stepping circuit steps the counter in synchornism with the serial binary pulse group output from the switching matrix to successively produce pulses at corresponding ones of the x and y decimal digit indicator terminals. The combinations of straight binary coded pulse groups and corresponding decimal digit indicator signals so produced comprise a basic output suitable for application to a variety of output apparatus.

Williams, A.W.

1959-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

490

2011 Short CourseNew Technologies in Oilseed Extraction and Edible Oil Refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New Technologies in Oilseed Extraction and Edible Oil Refining ShortCourse held at the 102nd AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo. 2011 Short CourseNew Technologies in Oilseed Extraction and Edible Oil Refining New Technologies in Oilseed Extraction

491

2010 Short Course New Technologies in Oilseed Extraction and Edible Oil Refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New Technologies in Oilseed Extraction and Edible Oil Refining Short Course held at the 101st AOCS Annual Meeting and Expo. 2010 Short Course New Technologies in Oilseed Extraction and Edible Oil Refining New Technologies in Oilseed Extraction and

492

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells - Refining the Message Initiating a National Dialogue and Educational Agenda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Refining the Message Initiating aApril 1, 2005 Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Refining the Message2002, "Fuel Choices for Fuel Cell Vehicles: Well-to-Wheels

Eggert, Anthony; Kurani, Kenneth S; Turrentine, Tom; Ogden, Joan M; Sperling, Dan; Winston, Emily

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Weekly U.S. Refiner, Blender, and Gas Plant Net Production of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly U.S. Refiner, Blender, and Gas Plant Net Production of Propane and Propylene (Thousand Barrels per Day)

494

Effects of Feed Quality and Product Specification Changes on Refined Product Supply  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The presentation explores the implications that future feedstock changes and product specification changes may have on refined product supply.

Information Center

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Oxygen Transport Ceramic Membranes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ti doping on La{sub 1-x}Sr{sub x}FeO{sub 3-{delta}} (LSF) tends to increase the oxygen equilibration kinetics of LSF in lower oxygen activity environment because of the high valence state of Ti. However, the addition of Ti decreases the total conductivity because the acceptor ([Sr{prime}{sub La}]) is compensated by the donor ([Ti{sub Fe}{sup {sm_bullet}}]) which decreases the carrier concentration. The properties of La{sub 0.2}Sr{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 1-x}Ti{sub x}O{sub 3-{delta}} (LSFT, x = 0.45) have been experimentally and theoretically investigated to elucidate (1) the dependence of oxygen occupancy and electrochemical properties on temperature and oxygen activity by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and (2) the electrical conductivity and carrier concentration by Seebeck coefficient and electrical measurements. In the present study, dual phase (La{sub 0.2}Sr{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 0.6}Ti{sub 0.4}O{sub 3-{delta}}/Ce{sub 0.9}Gd{sub 0.1}O{sub 2-{delta}}) membranes have been evaluated for structural properties such as hardness, fracture toughness and flexural strength. The effect of high temperature and slightly reducing atmosphere on the structural properties of the membranes was studied. The flexural strength of the membrane decreases upon exposure to slightly reducing conditions at 1000 C. The as-received and post-fractured membranes were characterized using XRD, SEM and TG-DTA to understand the fracture mechanisms. Changes in structural properties of the composite were sought to be correlated with the physiochemical features of the two-phases. We have reviewed the electrical conductivity data and stoichiometry data for La{sub 0.2}Sr{sub 0.8}Cr{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.8}O{sub 3-{delta}} some of which was reported previously. Electrical conductivity data for La{sub 0.2}Sr{sub 0.8}Cr{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.8}O{sub 3-{delta}} (LSCrF) were obtained in the temperature range, 752 {approx} 1055 C and in the pO{sub 2} range, 10{sup -18} {approx} 0.5 atm. The slope of the plot of log {sigma} vs. log pO{sub 2} is {approx} 1/5 in the p-type region, pO{sub 2} = 10{sup -5} {approx} 10{sup -1} atm. The pO{sub 2} at which the p-n transition is observed increases with increasing temperature. The activation energy for ionic conduction was estimated to be 0.86 eV from an Arrhenius plot of the minimum conductivity vs. reciprocal temperature. At temperatures below 940 C, a plateau in the conductivity isotherm suggests the presence of a two-phase region. Most likely, phase separation occurs to form a mixture of a perovskite phase and an oxygen vacancy ordered phase related to brownmillerite. Additional data for the oxygen non stoichiometry are presented.

S. Bandopadhyay; T. Nithyanantham

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

496

Coupling of Two Motor Proteins: a New Motor Can Move Faster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effect of a coupling between two motor domains in highly-processive motor protein complexes. A simple stochastic discrete model, in which the two parts of the protein molecule interact through some energy potential, is presented. The exact analytical solutions for the dynamic properties of the combined motor species, such as the velocity and dispersion, are derived in terms of the properties of free individual motor domains and the interaction potential. It is shown that the coupling between the motor domains can create a more efficient motor protein that can move faster than individual particles. The results are applied to analyze the motion of helicase RecBCD molecules.

Evgeny B. Stukalin; Hubert Phillips III; Anatoly B. Kolomeisky

2005-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

497

Method for assessing in-service motor efficiency and in-service motor/load efficiency  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for assessing the efficiency of an in-service motor. The operating characteristics of the in-service motor are remotely measured. The operating characteristics are then applied to an equivalent circuit for electrical motors. Finally the equivalent circuit is evaluated to determine the performance characteristics of said in-service motor. Based upon the evaluation an individual is able to determine the rotor speed, power output, efficiency, and toque of the in-service motor. Additionally, an individual is able to confirm the calculations by comparing measured values with values obtained as a result of the motor equivalent circuit evaluation.

Kueck, John D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Otaduy, Pedro J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Refinement and verification of concurrent systems specified in ObjectZ and CSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Refinement and verification of concurrent systems specified in Object­Z and CSP Graeme Smith­Z and CSP. A common semantic basis for the two languages enables a unified method of refinement to be used, based upon CSP refinement. To enable state­based techniques to be used for the Object­Z components

Smith, Graeme

499

A performance study of data layout techniques for improving data locality in refinement-based pathfinding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The widening gap between processor speed and memory latency increases the importance of crafting data structures and algorithms to exploit temporal and spatial locality. Refinement-based pathfinding algorithms, such as Classic Refinement (CR), find quality ... Keywords: Cache-conscious algorithms, classical refinement, pathfinding

Robert Niewiadomski; Jos Nelson Amaral; Robert C. Holte

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Retrenching the Purse: The Balance Enquiry Quandary, and Generalised and (1,1) Forward Refinements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some of the success stories of model based refinement are recalled, as well as some of the annoyances that arise when refinement is deployed in the engineering of large systems. The way that retrenchment attempts to alleviate such inconveniences is briefly ... Keywords: Atomicity, Mondex Purse, Refinement, Retrenchment, Verification

Richard Banach; Czeslaw Jeske; Michael Poppleton; Susan Stepney

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z